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STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



1905 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



CONTAINING THB 



CONSTITUTION OF NORTH DAKOTA, 

THE CONSTITUTION 

OF THE UNITED STATES, 



ALSO 



RULES AND STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE 
NINTH LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY 



AND 



HISTORICAL, STATISTICAL AND POLITICAL 
INFORMATION 



Published hy Autboritv 



BISMARCK, N. D. 

TRIBUNB, STATB PRINTBAS AND BINDERS 
1905 



141679 



\ 



i 



V 






■ 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



ADMISSION PROCLAMATION 132,133 

ALTITUDES IN NORTH DAKOTA 288 

ARMY— 

commanders-in-chief 325 

rank of officers 326 

general staff 326 

ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION 17-26 

ATTORNEYS— 

list of in North Dakota " 269-274 

registered law students 275 

BOARDS— 

trustees of public institutions xii-xiv 

CABINET OFFICERS 314-321 

CENSUS— 

North Dakoto by counties, 1890 298-302 

North Dakota by counties, 1900 298-302 

North Dakota by counties, 1906 343-362 

North Dakota cities and towns, 1890 and 1900 303, 304 

North Dakota cities and towns, 1905 362-364 

U. S., 1890 and 1900 305 

COMMITTEES— 

senate standing 162 , 163 

house standing 171-173 

joint 163 , 173 

political xviii-xxii 

CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION— 

date of 64 

members of 64 

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 34-45 

amendments 45-49 

CONSTITUTION OF NORTH DAKOTA 77-129 

amendments 129-131 

vote on adoption 177 

COUNTY OFFICIALS 264-268 

COUNTIES— 

names , county seats 264 

COURTS— 

district, terms of 277 , 278 

supreme , terms of xi 

federal , terms of xi 

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 13-16 

DIRECTORY— 

state officers and boards (front part of book) ix-xvii 

U. S. officials and cabinet 309-325 

ELECTION STATISTICS— 

electoral vote, 1900, 1904 178, 179 

members of legislature, 1905 151-155 

district judges, 1904 206, 207 

members of congress, 1904 186 

members of congress prior to 1904 180-182 

on prohibition I77 



1*. ,;. 






^'-•-t 









CONTENTS 



I 



POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESIDENT— ,,« ,«« 

1900 and 1904 ^^^* ^^^ 

POPULATION— , _^_ 

United States by states , 1890 and 1900 306 

North Dakota by counties, 1900 801, 802 

North Dakota by counties, 1905 : 8«J» f»o 

North Dakota cities and towns, 1900 808, 304 

North Dakota cities and towns, 1905 362-304 

POST OFFICES— „«^„«« 

in North Dakota ^^^^SS 

presidential in North Dakota 287 

POSTAL INFORMATION 806-808 

PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES _^ 309 

electoral vote, 1900, 1904 178, 179 

PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS— 

name and location . * * * " 

REFEREES IN BANKRUPTCY xi 

REPRESENTATION 197-205 

ROSTER OF NORTH DAKOTA MIUTIA 276, 277 

RULES— 

senate ^ 166-164. 

house < 164-171 

joint 173, 17ft; 

SENATE COMMITTEES 162, 16^ 

STATE BOARD OF EQUALIZATION— 

members of xvii 

meeting of xvii 

STATE INSTITUTIONS— 

names and location 279 

STATE LEGISLATURES— 

members first session, 1889-90 139 

members second session, 1891 140 

extra session • 141 

members third session , 1893 141 

members fourth session , 1895 , , , , 142 

members fifth session , 1897 [ 143 

members sixth session , 1899 I44 

members seventh session, 1901 146-148 

members eighth session , 1903 148-151 

members ninth session, 1905 151-155 

STATE OFFICERS— 

prior to 1905 53 54 

for 1905-1906 (front part of book) ix, x 

salaries 279 

vote, 1904 V. . .'.*.*.'.'.'.'. v.. v.* 190-196 

appointive, salaries 279 

SUPREME COURT OF THE U. S ."."."" 313, 314 

TERRITORIAL LEGISLATURES— 

members of 55-63 

TERRITORIAL OFFICERS— 

from organization of territory 53-63 

U. S. COMMISSIONERS xf 

U. S. GOyERNMENT- 

executive, cabinet, judiciary, pay, etc 309-326 

U. S. SENATORS FROM NORTH DAKOTA . . xi 

VICE PRESIDENTS qin^P'v 

VOTE— (see election statistics.) ^10-325^ 

WATER MEASUREMENT 340 

WEIGHTS— legal 287 

Blue Book-2 



CONTENTS 



ELECTION STATISTICS-Continucd. 

on adoption of constitution 177 

popular vote for president, 1900, 1904 178, 179 

by precincts in each county for 1904 208-263 

governor, prior to 1904 180-186 

state officers, 1904 190-196 

president, 1904 187 

ELECTORAL VOTE, 1900, 1904 178, 179 

ENABLING ACT 66-76 

FEDERAL OFFICIALS— 

list of, and salaries 821-325 

GOVERNORS OF STATES AND TERRITORIES 836, 837 

salaries 836, 887 

HISTORY OF NORTH DAKOTA 60-62 

HOLIDAYS 808 

HOUSE COMMITTEES 171-178 

INSURANCE COMPANIES— 

authorized to do business in North Dakota 289-291 

IRRIGATION— 

measure of water, etc 340, 341 

quantity table 342 

JUDICIARY— 

members of supreme court x 

members of district court x 

judicial districts ^ 206, 207 

justices U. S. supreme court 310, 311 

circuit courts, etc 311, 312 

district courts of U. S 312 

JUDGES— 

district, vote 1904 206, 207 

supreme, vote 1904 189 

LAND LAWS OF UNITED STATES— 

digest of 326-335 

LEGISLATIVE DISTRICTS 197-205 

LEGISLATURE— 

rules of senate and house, 1905 156-176 

members of, 1906 151-165 

senate committees, 1905 162 , 163 

house committees, 1905 171-173 

■ rules, joint, 1905 173-176 

MAGNA CHARTA 1-11 

MEASURES AND DISTANCES 888, 889 

mile in different countries 341 

information about steam 339 

MONEY— 

various kinds in circulation 338 

NEWSPAPERS IN NORTH DAKOTA 291-297 

NORTH DAKOTA— admission of into union 132, 133 

NORTH DAKOTA STATE GUARD— ROSTER 276, 277 

OFFICERS — (see Territorial Officers, Stete Officers.) 

state, salaries 279 

appointive, salaries 279 

ORDINANCE OF 1787 27-33 

POLITICS— 

republican state committee xviii 

democratic state committee xix 

national committees xx-xxii 



CONTENTS 



POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESIDENT— ,„«,„« 

1900 and 1904 178, 179 

POPULATION— 

United States by states, 1890 and 1900 306 

North Dakota by counties, 1900 S2^ 52! 

North Dakota by counties, 1905 : 864, 866 

North Dakota cities and towns, 1900 803, 804 

North Dakota cities and towns, 1905 862-364 

POST OFFICES— ««^„o. 

in North Dakota 280-286 

presidential in North Dakota 287 

POSTAL INFORMATION 806-808 

PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES 309 

electoral vote, 1900, 1904 178, 179 

PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS— 

name and location . * 279 

REFEREES IN BANKRUPTCY xi 

REPRESENTATION 197-205 

ROSTER OF NORTH DAKOTA MIUTIA 276, 277 

RULES— 

senate ^ 166-164, 

house ^ 164-171 

joint 173, 176t: 

SENATE COMMITTEES 162, iOi 

STATE BOARD OF EQUALIZATION— 

members of xvii 

meeting of xvii 

STATE INSTITUTIONS— 

names and location 279 

STATE LEGISLATURES— 

members first session, 1889-90 I39 

members second session, 1891 !.!!!*. 140 

extra session • !..!.!! 141 

members third session , 1893 141 

members fourth session, 1895 142 

members fifth session , 1897 143 

members sixth session , 1899 144 

members seventh session, 1901 146-148 

members eighth session , 1903 148-151 

members ninth session , 1905 [ 151-156 

STATE OFFICERS— 

prior to 1905 53 54 

for 1905-1906 (front part of bii)k) i:^, x 

salaries 279 

vote, 1904 V.V.V.V.'.V.'.'.V.V.".' 190-196 

appointive, salaries 279 

SUPREME COURT OF THE U. S 313 314 

TERRITORIAL LEGISLATURES— 

members of 65-63 

TERRITORIAL OFFICERS— 

from organization of territory 63-63 

U. S. COMMISSIONERS x» 

U. S. GOVERNMENT— 

executive, cabinet, judiciary, pay, etc 309-326 

U. S. SENATORS FROM NORTH DAKOTA . . xi 

VICE PRESIDENTS ^nnwK. 

VOTE— (see election statistics.) 310-325. 

WATER MEASUREMENT 340- 

WEIGHTS— legal ,[[ 2g7 

Blue Book-2 



OFFICIAL DIRECTORY 



state Government 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. 

K. Y. Sarles, Governor, Bismarck. 

J. W. Foley, Private Secretary, Bismarck. 

B. Auger, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

David Bartlett, Lieutenant Governor, Cooperstown. 

DEPARTMENT OF STATE. 

E. F. Porter, Secretary of State, Bismarck. 
Frank Lawrence, Deputy, Bismarck. 
Peter Roth, Clerk, Bismarck. 
Clara E. Stevens, Stenographer, Bismarck. 
E. R. Davidson, Clerk, Bismarck. 

AUDITOR'S DEPARTMENT. 

H. L. Holmes, State Auditor, Bismarck. 
Carl O. Jorgenson, Deputy, Bismarck. 
James Sing, Chief Clerk, Bismarck. 
P. D. Horgan, Clerk, Bismarck. 
Claire Auger, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

TREASURER'S DEPARTMENT. 

Albert Peterson, Treasurer, Bismarck. 
W. A. Falconer, Deputy, Bismarck. 
Ellen Mitchell, Clerk, Bismarck. 
Cora M. Johnson, Clerk, Bismarck. 
Harold Bradley, Clerk, Bismarck. 

INSURANCE DEPARTMENT. 

E. C. Cooper, Commissioner, Bismarck. 
A. Rolling, Deputy, Bismarck. 
Grace Montague, Chief Clerk, Bismarck. 
Edwina Murphy, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

LEGAL DEPARTMENT. 

C. N. Frich, Attorney General, Bismarck. 
John F. Philbrick, Assistant, Bismarck. 
R. N. Stevens, Assistant, Bismarck. 

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 

W. L. Stockwell, Superintendent, Bismarck. 

E. J. Taylor, Deputy, Bismarck. 

Sam Parker, Clerk, Bismarck. 

Florence Baldwin, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

BUREAU OF AGRICULTURE AND STATISTICS. 

W. C. Gilbreath, Commissioner of Agriculture, Bismarck. 

E. E. Kaufman, Deputy, Bismarck. 

R. F. Flint, Assistant Dairy Commissioner, Bismarck. 

Belle Dietrich, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

Fanny Slattery, Clerk, Bismarck. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



COMMISSIONERS OF RAILROADS. 

C. S. Diesem, Chairman, LaMoure. 

Erick Stafne, Galchutt. 

John Christianson, Towner. 

C. C. Hammond, Secretary, Bismarck. 

LAND DEPARTMENT. 

Board of University and School Lands — SupeHntcndcnt of Public 
Instruction, Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, State 
Auditor. , 

O. I. Hegge, Commissioner, Bismarck, 

W. E. Coates, Deputy, Bismarck. 

Walter Brown, Clerk, Bismarck. 

C. W. LaMoure, Clerk, Bismarck. 
Nannie M«dgett, Stenographer, Bismarck. 
Minnie P. Budlong, Clerk, Bismarck. 
Gilbert Haugen, Clerk, Bismarck. 

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC ACCOUNTING. 

D. K. Brightbill, Public Examiner, Bismarck. 
Thos. H. Poole, Deputy, Bismarck. 

Geo. Juergens, Deputy, Bismarck. 

Nicholas Hayes, Deputy, Bismarck. 

W. A. Dillon, Deputy, Bismarck. 

Cora M. Simpson, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE. 

State Supreme Court — 

D. E. Morgan, Chief Justice, Devils Lake. 
Edward Engerud, Associate Justice, Fargo. 
N. C. Young, Associate Justice, Fargo. 
R. D. Hoskins, Clerk, Bismarck. 
A. A. Davis, Stenographer, Bismarck. 
F. W. Ames, Reporter, Mayville. 

DISTRICT JUDGES AND OFFICIALS. 



Dist. 


Judge 


Residence 


Stenographer 


Residence 


1 
2 
3 


Chas. J. Fisk — 
John F. Cowan.. 
Chas. A. Pollock 
Frank P. Allen.. 
Edw. T. Burke.. 
W.H.Winchester 
W. J. Kneeshaw 
E. B. Goss 


Grand Forks 
Devils Lake. 

Fargo 

Lisbon 

Valley City.. 

Bismarck 

Pembina 

Minot 


Chas. Madsen. .. 

C. E.Taylor 

H. G. Edwards. 
Van. R. Crane.. 
Chris. H. Olsen. 
L. M. McGlashan 
W. M. Prince... 
John C. Lowe. .. 


.Grand Forks 
..Devils Lake 
Fargo 


4 

5 
6 

7 
8 


— Wahpeton 
...Valley City 

Bismarck 

Grafton 

Minot 







FEDERAL OFFICIALS. 

United States Circuit Judges — Hon. Walter H. Sanborn, St. Paul, 
Minn.; Hon. Amos M. Thayer, St. Louis, Mo.; Hon. Willis Van 
Devanter, Cheyenne, Wyoming; Hon. William C. Hook, Leavenworth, 
Kansas. 

United States District Judge — Hon. Charles F. Amidon, Fargo, N. D. 

United States Marshal — John E. Haggart, Fargo, N. D. 

United States Attorney — P. H. Rourke, Lisbon, N. D. 

Assistant United States Attorney — B. D. Townsend, Fargo, N. D. 

Clerk United States Circuit and District Courts — ^J. A. Montgomery, 
Fargo, N. D. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



XI 



Deputy Clerks — R. D. Hoskins, Bismarck, N. D.; H. N. Hamilton, 
Grand Forks, N. D.; D. G. Duell, Devils Lake, N. D. 

Surveyor General — E. A. Williams, Bismarck, N. D. 

Deputy Collectors of Internal Revenue — James Elton, Grand Forks; 
Malcolm Sinclair, Jamestown, N. D. 

National Bank Examiners— E. S. Tyler, Fargo, N. D.; Frank Chap- 
man, Buford, N. D. 

Collec;^tor of Customs — N. E. Nelson, Pembina, N. D. 

CONGRESSIONAL. 

United States Senators — Henry C. Hansbrough, Devils Lake, N. D.; 
Porter J. McCumber, Wahpeton, N. D. 

Representatives at Large in Congress — Thomas F. Marshall, Oakes, 
N. D.; A. J. Gronna, Lakota, N. D. 

U. S. COMMISSIONERS FOR NORTH DAKOTA. 



John H. Wishek Ashley 

Mark Hawker Boitineau 

John Flittie Bottineau 

T. M. Babington Bottineau 

Frank Collins Bottineau 

Peter S. Hilliboe Bottineau 

James R. Gage Bismarck 

M. J. McKenzie* Bismarck 

James V. Brooke Cando 

Harry H. Thompson Cando 

John W. Maher .... Devils Lake 
Sever Sertimgaard . . Devils Lake 

George Auld . . * Dickinson 

Charles J. Phelan Dickinson 

G. R. WannemacEer . . Dickinson 

H. H. Perry EUendale 

J. A. Montgomery Fargo 

George K. Shaw, Jr. . . Fessenden 

Edward W. Bowen Forman 

O. M. Eraser Grafton 

George H. Robbins . . Grand Forks 
James A. Murphy .... Jamestown 
Fred G. Kneeland . . . Jamestown 

W. C. Fairbanks Lakota 

Henry D. Fruit Lakota 

Henry M. Jones LaMoure 

F. W. McLean Langdon 

Joseph Cleary Langdon 

John Sheehan Langdon 



Charles S. Lane Linton 

E. L. Richmond . . Minnewaukan 
C. L. Lindstrom . . Minnewaukan 

B. W. Shaw Mandan 

J. W. Foley Medora 

Alfred Blaisdell Minot 

George A. McGee Minot 

John H. Lewis Minot 

George A. Bryant .... Napoleon 
George M. McKenna . . Napoleon 

E. W. Conmy Pembina 

Wm. C. McClintock .... Rugby 

Seldon Crockett Rugby 

L. N. Torson Rugby 

E. C. Carney Rugby 

Arthur O. Graham Rolla 

Jere L. Maher Rolla 

A. C. Covell Sykeston 

Charles H. Stanley Steele 

H. L. vanBenschoten . . Stanton 

George M. Soule Towner 

L. B. Pendroy Towijer 

J. T. McCulloch Washburn 

Wm. L. Nuessle Washburn 

Aug. E. Johnson .... Washburn 
R. M. Calderwood . . . Williston 
E. F. Cox Williston 

B. L. Hardaway Williston 

E. R. Brownson Williston 



REFEREES IN BANKRUPTCY. 
Guy L. Wallace Fargo | H. L. Whithed 



Grand Forks 



TERMS OF SUPREME AND U. S. COURTS. 

Supreme Court — March term. Fourth Tuesday in March at Fargo, 
and fourth Tuesday in April at Bismarck. September term: Third 
Tuesday in September at Grand Forks, and third Tuesday in October 
at Bismarck. 

United States Court — ^At Bismarck, first Tuesday in March; Devils 
Lake, first Tuesday in July; Fargo, third Tuesday in May; Grand 
Forksb second Tuesday in November. 



xii LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

UNITED STATES LAND OFFICERS. 

Bismarck — M. H. Jewell, Register; John Satterlund, Receiver. 
*Grand Forks — W. H. Brown, Register; John Nelson, Receiver. 
Devils Lake — Ole Serumgaard, Register; Henry E. Baird, Receiver. 
Fargo — C. C. Schuyler, Register; D. C. Tufts, Receiver. 
Minot — R. C. Sanborn, Register; T. E. Fox, Receiver 
Dickinson — S. M. Ferris, Register; W. A. McClure, Receiver. 

U. S. WEATHER BUREAU. 

B. H. Bronson, director, Bismarck, N. D. 
F. J. Rupert, chief clerk, Bismarck, N. D. 

STATE WEATHER AND CROP SERVICE. 
B. H. Bronson, director, Bismarck, N. D. 

TRUSTEES AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE, FARGO. 

Alex. Stern, Fargo, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
Addison Leach, Warren, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
S. S. Lyon, Fargo, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
W. H. Robinson, Mayville, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907, 

B. N. Stone, LaMoure, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 
L. M. Wallin, Washburn, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 
Erick R. Ramstad, Minot, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

TRUSTEES STATE UNIVERSITY, GRAND FORKS. 

Herman Shirley, Enderlin, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 

Stephen Collins, Grand Forks, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1909. 

George E. Towle, Park River, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1909. 

J. G. Gunderson, Aneta, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

William Budge, Grand Forks, life member. 

TRUSTEES STATE PENITENTIARY, BISMARCK. 

Franklin Potter, Casselton, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
A. T. Crowl, Dickinson, term expires" first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
Fred Snore, Minnewaukan, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
W. J. Westergaard, Valley City, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1909. 

C. D. Edick, Bismarck, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

TRUSTEES HOSPITAL FOR INSANE, JAMESTOWN. 

Frank Ingalls, Jamestown, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
K. S. Groth, Mayville, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
James Hackney, New Rockford, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1907. 

Harry Cornwall, Eldridge, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 
James Grady, Valley City, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

TRUSTEES INSTITUTE FOR FEEBLE MINDED, GRAFTON. 

J. E. Gray, Grafton, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
W. C. Treuman, Grafton, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1967. 
Stevenson Dunlop, Fargo, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
Grant S. Hager, St. Thomas, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 
Vic Rose, Donnybrook, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 



•Office to be discontinued January 1, 1906. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA xiii 

TRUSTEES STATE REFORM SCHOOL, MANDAN. 

W. J. Etherington, Sanger, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
Henry Gilbert, Sentinel Butte, terra expires first Tuesday in April, 
1907. 
Asa Sargeant, Caledonia, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
V. H. Stickney, Dickinson, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 
C. A. Hcegaard, Mandan, terra expires first Tuesday in April, 1906. 

TRUSTEES BLIND ASYLUM, BATHGATE. 

Martin Iverson, Kathryn, term expires third Monday in February, 
1907. 

J. B. Robinson, Bathgate, term expires third Monday in February, 
1907. 

G. H. Garnett, St. Thoraas, term expires third Monday in February, 
1907. 

Frank H. Sprague, Grafton, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruary, 1909. 

Ole O. Rudrud, Hillsboro, term expires third Monday in February, 
1909. 

TRUSTEES SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB, 

DEVILS LAKE. 

Alexander McLean, Penn, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
A. J. F. Voigt, Leeds, terra expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
M. F. Falahy, Cando, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 
A. E. Hodgkinson, Devils Lake, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1909. 

L. A. Larson, Rugby, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

TRUSTEES SCHOOL OF FORESTRY, BOTTINEAU. 

David Clark, Willow City, terra expires first Tuesday in April, 1D07. 
H. E. Kirkelie, Bowbells, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 
W. O. DePuy, Rolla, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

TRUSTEES INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL, ELLENDALE. 

Charles J. Sturgeon, Edgeley, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruary, 1907. 

Walter H. Boomer, Cayuga, term expires third Monday in February, 
1907. 

Arthur M. Farley, Ashley, term expires third Monday in February, 
1907. 

H. C. McCartney, Oakes, term expires third Monday in February, 

E. F. Bodle, term expires third Monday in February, 1909. 

TRUSTEES ACADEMY OF SCIENCE, WAHPETON. 
James Purdon, Wahgeton, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
John H. Movius, LiHgerwood, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1907. 7 F . 

Ed. Leach, Havana, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
W. D. Gillespie, Ray, terra expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 
James E. Hill, Erie, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

TRUSTEES STATE NORMAL SCHOOL, VALLEY CITY. 

W. T. Smith, Kenmare, terra expires second Tuesday in April, 1907. 
A. L. Martin, Sentinel Butte, term expires second Tuesday in April, 
1907. 

E. A. Pray, Valley City, term expires second Tuesday in April, 1909. 
C. W. Paulson, Fingal, terra expires second Tuesday in April, 1909. 
Walter R. Reed, Araenia, terra expires second Tuesday in April, 1909. 



xiv LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



TRUSTEES STATE NORMAL SCHOOL, MAYVILLE. 

B. S. Russell, Jamestown, term expires second Tuesday in April, 1907. 

Edward Melicke, Lynchburg, term expires second Tuesday in April, 
1907. 

A. Steenson, Hillsboro, term expires second Tuesday in April, 1907. 

Gilbert L. Elkin, Mayville, term expires second Tuesday in April, 
1909. 

H. M. Scholberg, Minot, term expires second Tuesday in April, 1907. 

TRUSTEES STATE SOLDIERS' HOME, LISBON. 

Harris Gardner, Lisbon, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
John D. Black, Valley City, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
R. H. Hankinson, Hankinson, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1909. 

Steen Hanson, Buttzville, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 
Jos. Hare, Bismarck, ex-officio. 

TRUSTEES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 

George Marelius, Ray, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
Nels Sorstrum, Rugby, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
A. L. Wentworth, Hillsboro, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 

STATE INSPECTOR OF OILS. 
T. W. Jackman, Fargo, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 

SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH. 

Dr. H. H. Healy, Grand Forks, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1907. 

VICE PRESIDENT BOARD OF HEALTH. 

Dr. E. C. Hagenson, Hillsboro, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1907. 

DISTRICT GAME WARDENS. 

First District — F. W. Schlechter, Fessenden, term expires first Tues- 
day in April, 1907. 

Second District — Wm. McKean, Sanborn, term expires first Tuesday 
in April, 1907. 

STATE IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE DEPARTMENT. 

A. L. Fellows, Engineer, Bismarck, term expires March 1, 1907{- 
T. R. , Atkinson , assistant engineer , Bismarck. 

OFFICIAL ESTRAY PAPER. 
Washburn Leader, Washburn. 

DIRECTOR AGRICULTURAL SUB-EXPERIMENT STATION AT 

DICKINSON. 
J. F. Brodie, Dickinson. 

INSPECTOR OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 
David B. Wellman, New Rockford, term expires March 4, 1907. 

STATE BOARD OF PARDONS. 

E. Y. Sarles, Bismarck, ex-officio. 

D. E. Morgan, Bismarck, ex-officio. 

C. N. Frich, Bismarck, ex-officio. 

R. S. Adams, Lisbon, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 

Henry Bowles, Velva, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA xr 

MILITIA. 

Commander in Chief — Governor E. Y. Sarles, Bismarck. 
Adjutant General — H. M. Creel, Devils Lake. 

STAFF. 

,* 
Charles McLachlan, Colonel and Surgeon-General, New Rockford. 
M. A. Baldwin, Colonel and Aide-de-Camp , Casselton. 
C. R. Meredith, Colonel and Aide-de-Camp, Casselton. 
M. B. de la Bere, Colonel and Aide-de-Carop , Sheldon. 

C. L. Van Alstine, Colonel and Aide-de-Camp, Grand Forks. 

E. H. Kent, Colonel and Aide-de-Camp, Grand Forks. 
John W. Robinson, Colonel and Aide-de-Camp, Steele. 
K. H. Sanborn, Colonel and Aide-de-Camp, Minot. 

R. T. Kingman, Colonel and Aide-de-Caimp , Hillsboro. » 
David Larin, Colonel and Aide-de-Carap , Mayville. 

F. H. Sprague, Colonel and Aide-de-Camp, Grafton. 
V. B. Noble, Colonel and Aide-de-Camp, Bottineau. 
F. B. Chapman, Colonel and Aide-de-Camp, Williston. 

CAPITOL COMMISSIONERS. 

William Budge, Grand Forks. 

D. J. Laxdal, Cavalier. 
Andrew Sandager, Lisbon. 

STATE BANKING BOARD. 

E. Y. SarleSi Governor. 

E. F. Porter, Secretary of State. 
C. N. Frich, Attorney General. 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF PUBLIC PROPERTY. 

E. Y. Sarles, Governor. 

E. F.^orter, Secretary of State. 

H. L. Holmes, State Auditor. 

STATE AUDITING BOARD. 

E. Y. Sarles, Governor. 

H. L. Holmes, State Auditor. 

C. N. Frich, Attorney General. 

PORTLAND FAIR COMMISSION. 

E. Y. Sarles« Governor. 

David Bartlett, Lieutenant Governor. 

H. L. Holmes, State Auditor. 

W. C. Gilbreath, Commissioner of Agriculture. 

W. N. Steele, Rolla, Executive Commissioner. 

STATE BOARD OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS. 

H. M. Wheeler, Grand Forks, term expires December 11, 1905. 

F. J. Campbell, Fargo, term expires December 17, 1905. 

G. A. Carpenter, Fargo, term expires December IV, 1905. 

F. R. Smyth, Bismarck, term expires December 17, 1905. 

J. P. Aylen, Sheldon, term expires July 10, 1906. 

H. G. Woutat, Grand Forks, term expires December 11, 1906. 

W. F. Hobart, Dickey, term expires January 15, 1907. 

Lee Coombs, V^alley City, term expires June 2, 1907. 

H. J. Rowe, Casselton, term expires December 80, 1907. 

STATE BOARD OF PHARMACY. 

H. L. Haussamen, Grafton, term expires August 5, 1908. 
W. S. Parker, Lisbon, term expires July 10, 1906. 
J. M. S. Wilser, Fargo, term expires August 19, 1907. 



xvi LEGISLATfVE MANUAL 

STATE BOARD OF DENTAL EXAMINERS. 

H. L. Starling, Fargo, term expires first Tuesday in March, 1904. 
George R. Leonard, Mandan, term expires February 25, 1907. 
George T. McDonald, Jamestown, term expires April 1, 1908. 
F. C. Sweet, Minot, term expires April 26, 1909. 
R. S. Ramsey, Grand Forks, term expires March 1, 1910. 

STATE BOARD OF BAR EXAMINERS. 

Andrew A. Bruce, Grand Forks, term expires February 18, 1907. 
Emerson H. Smith, Fargo, term expires February 18, 1909. 
John Burke, Devils Lake, term expires February 18, 1911. 
Clerk Supreme Court, Bismarck, ex-officio secretary and treasurer. 

BARBERS' EXAMINING BOARD. 

Boyd Bliss, Ellendale, term expires July 1, 1907.. 

J. L. Hooker, Fargo, terra expires July 1, 1906. 

C. A. Sandsvcn, Hillsboro, term expires July 1, 1907. 

BOARD OF VETERINARY MEDICAL EXAMINERS. 

F. L. Cusack, Carrington, term expires April 10, 1908. 

J. N. Sheppard, Fargo, term expires April 1, 1906. 

John W. Robinson, Coal Harbor, term expires October 7, 1907. 

DISTRICT VETERINARIANS. 

First District — George Fitzgerald, Gilby. 

Second District — A. B. Campbell, Devils Lake. 

Third District— T. D. Hinebaugh, Tower City. 

Fourth District— S. W. Teal, Oakes. 

Fifth District — L. C. L'Moore, Jamestown. 

Sixth District — William Mackin, Mandan. 

Seventh District — A. F. Elliott, Milton. * 

Eighth District — J. L. James, Steele. 

Ninth District — Thomas Sims, Bottineau. 

Tenth District — F. W. Tompkins, Oberon. 

Eleventh District — F. W. Weston, Dickinson. 

Twelfth District— J. W. Robinson, Coal Harbor. 

BAR ASSOCIATION OF NORTH DAKOTA. 

H. A. Libby, Park River, President. 
John Carmociy, Hillsboro, Vice President. 
W. H. Thomas, Leeds, Secretary Treasurer. 

STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Officers of Society: President, C. F. Amidon, Fargo; vice presi- 
dent, M. H. Jewell, Bismarck; secretary, O. G. Libby, University; 
treasurer, J. L. Cashel, (irafton; custodian, E. R. Steinbrueck. Bis- 
marck. 

Directors: William H White, Fargo; J. D. Taylor, Grand Forks: 
George B. Winship,(,rand Porks; C. B. Little, Bismarck; F. A. Ward- 
wel, Pembina; (. I-. Amidon, Fargo; C. J. Fisk, Grand Forks; Alfred 
Ulalsdell, Minot; governor, auditor, secretary of state, superintend- 
ent of public instruction and commissioner of agriculture and labor 
ex-omcio. * 

Terms of all directors, save ex-officio members, expire March 31, 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA xvii 



STATE BOARD OF EQUALIZATION. 

Governor, Auditor, Treasurer, Attorney General, Commissioner of 
Agriculture and Labor. Sessions at Capitol first Tuesday in August of 
each year. 

EDUCATIONAL DIRECTORY 

Superintendent of Public Instruction — Walter L. Stockwcll; deputy, 
Edwin J. Taylor. 

University of North Dakota, Grand Forks; established 1883; opened 
1884; Webster Merrifield, president. 

Agricultural College, Fargo; established 1890; opened 1890; John 
H. Worst, president. 

Normal School, Valley City; established 1890; opened 1893; George 
A. McFarland, principal. 

Normal School, Mayville; established 1890; opened 1893; Joseph 
Carhart, principal. 

Industrial School, Ellendale; established 1890; opened 1899; Wm. 
M. Kean, president. 

Academy of Science, Wahpeton; established 1890; opened 1903; 
EsltI G. Burch, president. 

School for Deaf and Dumb at Devils Lake; established 1890; opened 
1890; Dwight F. Bangs, president. 

Reform School, Mandan; established 1890; opened 1902; J. W. 
Brown, superintendent. 

School for Feeble Minded at Grafton; established 1890; L. A. 
Baldwin, Superintendent. 

High School Board — all members ex-officio — E. Y. Sarles, governor; 
W. L. Stockwell., superintendent of public instruction; Webster Mer- 
rifield, president university of North Dakota. 

Board of University and School Lands — all members ex-officio — 
President, E. Y. Sarles, governor; vice president, E. F. Porter, sec- 
retary of state; secretary, W. L. Stockwell, superintendent iJublic -in- 
struction; H. L. Holmes, state auditor; C. N. Frich, attorney general. 

Land Commissioner — O. I. Hegge. 



WiU 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



PARTY ORGANIZATION. 



Republican. 

National Conmutteemao — Alex. McKenzie, Bianardc 

REPUBLICAN STATE CENTRAL COMMITTEE. 

L. B. HANNA, Chairman, Fargo. 
M. H. JEWELL, Secretary, Bismarck. 

MEMBERS. 

L A. Short, Pembina. 

2. Fred Harris, Cavalier. 

3. Karl J. Famp, Park River. 

4. Gunder Olson, Grafton. 

5. A. B. Landt, Northwood. 

6. J. D. Bacon, Grana Forks. 

7. W. J. Anderson, Grand Forks. 

8. John E. Paulson, Hillsboro. 

9. O. G. isarnes. Fargo. 

10. T. Twicheil. Fargo. 

11. F. S. laicott, Buttalo. 

12. J. F. Shea, Wahpeton. 

* 13. D. J. McKenzie, Forman. 

14. R. d. Adams, Lisbon. 

15. Chas. Mudgett, Valley City. 

16. George A. Warner, Hope. 

17. W. J. Pierce, Lakota. 

18. W. A. Laidlaw, Langdon. 

19. John C. Hunt, Rolla. 

20. Hans O. Blagen, Churchs Ferry. 

21. Richard Dailey, Devils Lake. 

22. C. J. Lord, Canao. 

23. O. J. Seiler, Jamestown. 

24. R. W. S. Blackwell, LaMoure. 
26. H. C. McCartney, Oakes. 

26. L. C. Pettibone, Dawson. 

27. N. F. Boucher, Bismarck. 

28. T. F. Woods, Bottineau. 

29. Jos. Roach, Minot. 

30. W. C. Badger, Mandan. 

81. R. H. Johnson, Dickinson. 

82. £. R. Davidson, New Rockford. 

33. L. L. Walton, Carrington. 

34. C. A. Stubbins, Granville. 

35. John Satterlund, Washburn. 

86. Andrew Weber, Ashley. 

87. R. H. Hankinson, Hankinson. 

88. Casper Winkler, Valley City. 

89. W. H. Robinson, Mayville. 
40. B. Prom, Milton. 

At Large, L. B. Hanna, Fargo. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE— L. B. Hanna, chairman; J. D. Bacon. 
C. J. Lord, W. H. Robinson, J. F. Shea, O. J. Seiler, L. C. Petti- 
bone, Gunder Olson, T. F. Woods. 



STATE OF NORTH D \KOTA xix 



Democratic 

National Committeeman — H. D. Allert, Langdon. 

DEMOCRATIC STAT? CENTRAL COMMITTEE. 

B. S. BRYNTOLFSON, Grand Forks, Chairman. 
JOHN T. DUFFY, Walhalla, Secretary. 

MEMBERS. 

1. Frank A .Willson, Bathgate. 

8. M. Brynjolfson, Cavalier. 

8. John P. Johnson, Park River. 

4. James Bell, Minto. 

6. David Gorman, McCanna. 
0. John Vallely, Grand Forks. 

7. a. S. Brynjolfson, Grand Forks. 

8. Lewis Larson, Hillsboro. 
0. J. B. Eaton, Fargo. 

10. Dr. F. L. Richtcr, Fargo. 

11. H. E: Brown, Buffalo 

18. C. D. Rittenhouse, Wahpeton. 

18. K. P. Irving, Forman. 

14. M. L. Engle, Lisbon. 

16. Dr. L. S. Platou, Valley City. 

16. Benjamin Tufte, Cooperstown. 

17. A. E. Sheets, Lakota. 

18. H. D. Allert, Langdon. 

19. Marion Edwards, Rolla. 

80. £. B. Page, Leeds. 

81. W. A. Fulkerson, Penn. 
88. Alex. Currie, Cando. 

88. Michael Murphy, Jamestown. 
24. Fred C. Br^indt, Knlm. 

86. Henrv S. Rusco, Ellendale. 

86. F. H. Cotton, Braddock. 

86. F. B. Bmndage, Dawson. 

27. James O. Kruhm, Bismarck. 

28. William Collins, Bottineau. 

29. D. C Greenleaf, Minot. 

89. Zeno Bruegger, Williston. 

80. T C. Connolv. Mandan. 

81. Frank Lish, Dickinson. 

88. Dr. F. D. Norton, New Rockford. 

88. D. L. Andes, Cline. 

88. J. L. Hart, Bowden. 

34. H. A. Holmes, Towner. 

84. Fred Ely, Rugby. 

86. Otto Grethen, Goodrich. 

36. Chas. F. ;:3mith, Sanger. 

36. O. T. House, Napoleon. 

86. Earl Collins, Cold water. 

87. Max A. Wipperman, Hankinson. 

88. John M. Olson, Litchville. 

89. W. A. McCain, Blanchard. 
40. Gustav Brecke, Milton. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

R»publlc4in Nirtional CcmmitUe, 19IM. 

K R. ff(RTF,[,YOL'. Sew Yorlc. 



■ E™rt^^ 



f'nwtl tlaytf . 
Ceo. A. Knight. 
A. M, Sifvenson 



W, Tl. Ilcvhurn, Wallace. Idaho. 
Frank O, Uwden, Chicago, lilt. 
Harry S. New, IndinnapoMa, Ind. 
r,Tr.f<l K. IFsn, Council Bluffs, la. 
riKvi'l W. MulTlne. Topeka. Kan. 
f'lhn W. Yerkes, DanTire, Ky. 
John F. irill. Augu^U, Me. 
I,r*i. K. McComas. Ilagemnwn, > 
rane. Halton. Maw. 



^j.hn W. Bloflgetl, 



■IlOBi. Si. laul. Minn. 
. .nmeiey. Tackon. MiM. 
[ia> J, Akina, St. I^uii, Mo. 

n. Waite. Kwistown, Mont. 
. II. Morrill, Lincoln, Neh. 
ck L. Flanigan, Beho. Nev. 
k S. Slrecler. Concord, N. H. 
klin Murphy, Newark, N. ). 

r,. Wood, Pnrt Chesler, N. Y. 
. Duncan. Raleigh. N. C. 
»n.1fr MeKeniie. Bismarck, N. D. 
.n T. llerrick, Cleveland, O. 
. 11. Carey, Portland, Ore. 
' PmroK. Philadelphia, Fs. 
In R. BraytoiP, Providence. R. I. 

(). Capers, Lharlealon, S. C. 
. (Tccnr. Chamhcrlain , S. I). 
er P. Hrownlow, Joneshoroj Tenn. 



r'noie" 




Xut^ak 


t™. 


i w. n'r 




Monlpclii 




Ke v.. Ill 






k Va. 




rWalla Wolla 


.. Wash. 


I, Sr'It'^ 


Wt 


lecliUK, W 








MilwBuki 


re. Wii. 


1':. i'cxti 


hi 


Evanston , 


Z'"- 


l>.'Sti»rg 


Phoenix. " 


Arii. 


.ii«ii , Lull 


".' 1 


.OS T.unaF. 


, N, M. 










,.' Soper'. 


Vil 


'^tT.''-I. T 




rt Rl^yhi 




Washing. 


™. D. C. 


1. M. ■)« 




K.n, Ilono 


lulu. H. L 


r. Tn.ld, 


San 


Juan. P. 




■y 11. McCo> 


., Philippi 


ne' Island*. 



STATE OF NORTH D \KOTA xxi 

Democratic National Committee. 1904. 

THOMAS TAGGERT, Chairman. 

DE LANCEY NICOLL, Vice-Chairman. 
GEORGE FOSTER PEABODY, Treasurer. 
UREY WOODSON, Secretary. 
EDWIN SEFTON, Assistant Secretary. 

MEMBERS. 

Henry D. Clayton, Eufaula, Ala. 
William H. Martin, Hot Springs, Ark. 
M. F. Tarpey, San Francisco, Cal. 
John I. Mulling, Denver, Col. 
Homer S. Cummings, Stamford, Conn. 
Richard R. Kenney, Dover, Del. 
Jefferson B. Browne, Key West, Fla. 
Clark Howell, Atlanta, Ga. 
Simon P. Donnelly, Lake View, Idaho. 
Roger C. Sullivan, Chicago, Ills. 
Thomas Taggart, Indianapolis, Ind. 
Charles A. Walsh, Ottumwa, Iowa. 
John H. Atwood, Leavenworth, Kan. 
Urey Woodson, Owensboro, Kan. 
N. C. Blanchard, Shreveport, La. 
George E. Hughes, Bath, Me. 
L. Victor Baughman, Frederick, Md. 
William A. Gaston, Boston, Mass. 
Daniel J. Campau, Detroit, Mich. 
T. T. Hudson, Duluth, Minn. 

C. H. Williams, Yazoo City, Miss. 
W. A. Roth well, Moberly, Mo. 
Chas. W. Hoffman, Bozemann, Mont. 
James C. Dahlman, Omaha, Neb. 
John H. Dennis. Reno, Nev. 

True L. Norris, Portsmouth, N. H. 
William B. Gourley, Patterson, N. J. 
Norman E. Mack, Buffalo, N. Y. 
Josephus Daniels, Raleigh, N. C. 
H. D. Allert, Langdon, N. D. 
John R. McLean, Cincinnati, O. 
Frederick V. Holman, Portland, Ore. 
J. M. Guffey, Pittsburg, Pa. 
George W. Greene, Woonsocket, R. I. 
B. R. Tillman, Trenton, S. C. 
E. S. Johnson, Armour, S. D. 
R. E. L. Mountcastle, Knoxville, Tenn. 
R. M. Johnston, Houston, Tex. 

D. H. Peery, Salt Lake, Utah. 
Bradley B. Smalley, Burlington, Vt. 
J. Taylor Ellyson, Richmond, Va. 
John Y. Terry, Seattle, Wash. 
John T. McGraw, Grafton, W. Va. 
Timothy E. Ryan, Waukesha, Wis. 
John E. Osborne, Rawlings, Wyo. 
Arthur K. Dalany, Juneau, Alaska. 
Ben M. Crawford, Clifton, Ariz. 
James L. Norris, Washington, D. C. 
Palmer P. Woods, Mahukoma, H. L 
R. L. Williams, Durant, I. T. 

H. B. Ferguson, Albuquerque, N. M. 
Richard A. Billups, Cordell, Okla. 
D. M. Field, Guayama, P R. 



xxii LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Prohibition National Committee, 1904. 

OLIVER W. STEWART, Chairman, Chicago. 

A. G. WOLFENBERGER, Vice Chairman, Lincoln, Neb. 
JAMES H. TATE, Secretary, Harriman, Tenn. 
SAMUEL DICKIE, Treasurer, Albion, Mich. 

M. H. KIFF, Tower City; J. Y. Esterbrook, Jamestown, commit- 
teemen for North Dakota. 

Republican Congressional Committee, 1904. 

foseph W. Babcock, Chairman, Wisconsin. 

Fames S. Sherman, Vice Chairman, New York. 
Jesse Overstreet, Secretary, Indiana. 
Wm. B. Thompson, Treasurer, Washington, D. C. 
Henry Casson, Manager Speakers' Bureau. 
Member of Committee from North Dakota — Representative B. F. 
Spalding. 

Democratic Congressional Committee, 1904. 

W. S. Cowherd, Chairman. 

J* R. Thayer and Rice A. Pierce, Vice Chairmen. 

Charles A. Edwards, Secretary. 

J. L. Pearcy, Asst. Secretary. 

James L. Norris, Treasurer. 

Member from North Dakota, J. B. Eaton. 

Republican National League, 1904. 

J. Hampton Moore, President, Philadelphia. 
James Jay Sheridan, Vice President, Chicago. 
Elbert W. Weeks, Secretary, Guthrie Center, Iowa. 
Sid B. Redding, Treasurer, Little Rock, Ark. 

National Association of Democratic Clubs, 1904. 

William R. Hearst, President, New York. 
Max F. Ihmsen, Secretary, New York. 

Populist National Committee, 1904. 

James H. Ferris, Chairman, Joliet, Ills. 
W S. Morgan, Vice Chairman, Hardy, Ark. 
Charles Q. DeFrance, Secretary, Lincoln, Neb. 
George F. Washburn, Treasurer, Boston, Mass. 

Socialist National Committee, 1904. 

William Mailly, Secretary, Omaha, Neb. 

Socialistic Labor National Committee, 1904. 
Henry Kuhn, Secretary, New York City, 



MAGNA CHARTA 



THE GREAT CHARTER OF LIBERTIES OF 

KING JOHN. 

Granted at Runnymede, June 15, A. D. 1215, in the 
Seventeenth Year of His Reign. 

John, by the grace cf God King of England, Lord of Ire- 
land, Duke of Normandy, Aquilaine, and Count of Anjou, 
to his Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots, Earls, Barons, Justi- 
ciaries, Foresters, Sheriffs, Governors, Officers and to all 
Bailiffs, and his lieges, greeting. Know ye, that we, in the 
presence of God, and for the salvation of our soul, and the 
^ souls of all our ancestors and heirs, and unto the honour of 
God and the advancement of Holy Church, and amendment 
of our Reahn, by advice of our venerable Fathers, Stephen, 
Archbishop of Canterbuiy, Primate of all England, and Car- 
dinal of the Holy Roman Church, Henry, Archbishop of 
Dublin, William of London, Peter of Winchester, Jocelin 
of Bath and Glastonbury, Hugh of Lincoln, Walter of 
Worcester, William of Coventry, Benedict of Rochester, 
Bishops; of Master Pandulph, Sub-Deacon and Familiar of 
our Lord the Pope, Brother Aymeric, Master of the Knights 
Templars in England; and of the Noble Persons, William 
Marescall, Earl of Pembroke, William, Earl of Salisbury, 
William, Earl of Warren, William, Earl of Arundel, Alan 
de Galloway, Constable of Scotland, Warin Fitz Gerald, 
Peter Fitz Herbert, and Hubert De Burgh, Seneschal of 
Poitou-, Hugh de Neville, Matthew Fitz Herbert, Thomas 
Basset, Allan Basset, Philip of Albiney, Robert de Roppell, 
John Mareschal, John Fitz Hugh, and others our liegemen 
have, in the first place, granted to God, and by this our 
present Charter confirmed, for us and our heir forever: 

1. That the Church of England shall be free, and have 
her whole rights, and her liberties inviolable; and we will 
have them so observed, that it may appear thence, that the 
freedom of elections, which is reckoned chief and indispesa- 
ble to the English Church, and which we granted and con- 
firmed by our Charter, and obtained the conformation of the 
same from our Lord the Pope Innocent HI., before the dis- 
cord between us and our barons, was granted of mere free 
will; which charter we shall observe, and we will do it to 
be faithfully observed by our heirs forever. 

Blue Book— 3 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



2. We also have granted to all the freemen of our king- 
dom, for us and for our heirs forever, all the underwritten 
liberties, to be had and holden by them and their heirs, of 
us and our heirs forever; if any of our earls, or barons or 
others, who /hold of us in chief by military service, shall die, 
and at the time of his death his heir shall be of full age, and 
owes a relief, he shall have his inheritance by the ancient 
relief; that is to say the heir or heirs of an earl, for a whole 
earldom, by a hundred pounds; the heir or heirs of a baron, 
for a whole barony, by a hundred pounds; the heir or heirs 
of a knight, for a whole knights fee, by a hundred shillings 
at most; and whoever oweth less shall give less according 
to the ancient custom of fees. 

3. But if the heir of any such shall be under age, and 
shall be in ward when he comes of age, he shall have his 
inheritance without relief and without fine. 

4. The keeper of the land of such an heir being under age, 
shall take of the land of the heir none but reasonable issue, 
reasonable customs and reasonable services, and that with- 
out destruction and waste of his men and his goods; and if 
we commit the custody of any such lands to the sheriff, or 
any other who is answerable to us for the issues of the land, 
and he shall make destruction and waste of the lands which 
he hath in custody, we will take of him amends, and the 
lands shall be committed to two lawful and discreet men of 
that fee, who shall answer for the issues to us, or to him 
to whom we shall assign them ; and if we sell or give to any- 
one the custody of any such lands, and he therein make de- 
struction or waste, he shall lose the same custody which 
shall ibe committed to the lawful and discreet men of that 
fee, who shall in like manner answer to us as aforesaid. 

5. But the keeper, so long as he shall have custody of 
the land, shall keep up the houses, parts, warrens, ponds, 
mills, and other things pertaining to the land, out of the 
issues of the same land; and shall deliver to the heir, when 
he comes of full age, his whole land, stock with plows and 
carriages, according as the time of wainage sihall require, 
and the issues of the land can reasonably bear. 

6. Heirs shall be married without disparagement, and so 
that before matrimony shall be contracted those who are near 
m blood to the heir shall have notice. 

7. A widow, after the death of her husband, shall forth- 
with and without difficulty have ^her marriage and inherit- 
ance; nor shall she give anything for her dower, or her 
marriage, or her inheritance, whidh her husband and she 
held at the day of his death ; and she may remain in a man- 
sion house of her husband forty days after his death, within 
which term her dower shall be assigned. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



8. No widow 5hall_be distrained to marry, iierself so long 
as she has a mind to live without a husband ; bqt yet she shall 
give security that she will not marry without bur assent, if 
she holds of us; or without the consent of the lord- of whom 
she holds, if she holds of another. 

9. Neither we nor our bailiffs shall seize any land or rent 
for any debt, so long as the chattels of the debtor are suffi- 
cient to pay the debt ; nor shall the securities of the debtor 
be distrained so long as the principal debtor is sufficient for 
the payment of the debt; and if the princioal debtor shall fail 
in the payment of the debt, not having wherewithal .to pay 
it, then the sureties shall answer the debt; and if they will 
they shall have the lands and rents of the debtor until they 
shall be satisfied for the debt which they paid for him un- 
less the principal debtor can show himself acquitted thereof 
against the said sureties. 

10. If anyone have borrowed anything of the Jews, more 
or less, and die before the debt be satisfied, there shall be no 
interest paid for that debt, so long as the heir is under age, 
of whomsoever he may hold; and if the debt fall into our 
hands we will only take the chattel mentioned in the deed. 

11. And if anyone shall die indebted to the Jews, his wife 
shall have her dower and pay nothing of that debt; and if 
the deceased left children under age, they shall have neces- 
saries provided for them, according to the tenement of the 
deceased: and out of the residue of the debt shall be paid, 
saving however the service due to the lords; and in like 
manner shall it be done touching debts due to others than 
the Jews. 

12. No scutage or aid shall be imposed in our kingdom, 
unless by the general council of our kingdom ; except for 
ransoming our person, making our eldest son a knight, and 
once for marrying our eldest daughter; and for these there 
shall be paid a reasonable aid. In like manner it shall be 
concerning the aids of the City of London. 

13. And the City of London shall have all its ancient 
liberties and free customs as well by land as by water; furr 
thermor.e we will and grant, that all other cities and bur- 
oughs, and towns and ports, shall have all their liberties 
and free customs. 

14. And for holding the general council of the kingdom 
concerning the assessment of aids, except in tlhe three cases 
aforesaid, and for the assessing of scutages, we shall cause 
to be summoned the archbisihops, bishops, abbots,, earls and 
greater barons of the realm, singly by our letters. And fur- 
thermore we shall cause to be summoned generally by our 
sheriffs and bailiffs, all others who hold*of us In chief, for a 
certain day, that is to Say, forty days before their meeting at 
least, and to certain place; and in all letters of such summons 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



we will declan the cau»e of luch summons. And smnmoos 
trinji thus made, the business of the day shall proceed on the 
day ai^pointed, according to the advice of such as shall be 
present^ although all that were fummpned come not 

15, We will tuA Ujt the future grant to anyone that he may 
take aid of hi» own irtttt tenants, unless to ransom his body, 
and tx> maki; \u% ^M^^t %im % knight and once to marry his 
eld<;^t d^ufdiUr; afMl {or this there shall be only paid a rea- 
hoiuXM aid/ 

Uy fi*t m'An %Un\\ Ix* <lJ»ifaincd to perform more service 
it)r a Vnijfi^^'n f*-^ uf 'Hhcr free tenement, than is due fr<Mn 

17, ^l^/fmwHi pU'4H #hall not follow our court, but shall 
^4- i^'M'^tt iti ^/fn*: phi'^. certain. 

|fe Atefti/^ft o1 uovt^l dij*»cifcn, and of mort d'ancestor, and 
//( ^^nf-ft pfti^ntimt^tfi, *hall not be taken but in their proper 
o/(i/^hi5, »ft4 Hiiff thj« manner: We, or, if we should be 
i/iii t4 i\ic ff4\mt oar Wiicf justiciary shall send two justid- 
^M«fc t1>p/(jt/l/ t-yt'ty i'jnmiy four times a year, who, with four 
l^^oj/l/is «l^/4j«'n tfi'i of ev«ry shire by the people shall hold 
i)M ^ai4 u^^ye^^ jti the coutity, on the day, and at the place 

lit Am'1 *( uny iuiiiifrn cannot be determined on the day 
itpp'/ntinl lot \tit\thuii the an^izcs in each county, so many 
oi <»»* ^m/j/IjU ami itcf, holders as have been at the assizes 
w^/M-JMl, rImII f*<;iy t<> decide them, as is necessary, ac- 
ijfifinm ««» iUnc i* mortt or less business. 

yjf, A Itff nam nhiA not be amerced for a small fault, 
hm niu-r \\\t* manner of the fault; and for a great crime ac- 
tonim^ in i\it* henif oneness of it, saving to him his contene- 
iftt n^ ; «Md rtffef tlie name m«inner a merchant, saving to him 
iMii MM'M l/ioM<fte, and a villein shall be amerced after the 
tiitht* tiiuitut-r, saving to him his wainage, if he falls under 
oin int'tty; and none of the aforesaid amerciaments shall be 
ftfeftt tjtjt'd but by Ibc oatii of honest men in the neighborhood. 

\i\, lOifIn and barons shall not be amerced, but by their 
pftra, mid afler the degree of the offense. 

'.t:i, Sn ec<-le*iiastical person shall be amerced for his lay 
tenement, but according to the proportion of others afore- 
said, and not according to the value of his ecclesiastical bene- 

(l*'e, 

l^'^ Neither a town nor any tenant shall be distrained 
to make bridges or banks, unless that anciently and of right 
they arc bound to do it. * 

IM. No sheriff, constable, coroner, or other our bailiffs, 
shall hold pleas of the Crown. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



25. All counties, hundreds, wapentakes, and tythings, 
shall stand at the old rent, without any increase, except in 
our demesne manors. 

26. If any one holding of us, a lay- fee die, and the sher- 
iff, or our bailiffs, show our letters patent, of summons for 
debt which the dead man did owe to us, it shall be lawful 
for the sheriff or our bailiff to attach and inroU the chattels 
of the dead, found upon his lay-fee, to the value of the debt 
by the view of lawful men, so as nothing be removed until 
our w<hole clear debt ibe paid; and the rest shall be left to 
the executors to fulfill the testament of the dead, and if there 
be nothing due from him to us, all the chattels shall go to 
the use of the dead, saving to his wife and children their 
reasonable shares. 

27. If any freeman shall die intestate, his chattels shall 
be distributed by the hands of his nearest relations and 
friends, by view of the church; saving to every one his debts 
which the deceased owed to him. 

28. No constable or bailiff of ours shall take corn or other 
chattels of any man, unless he presently give him money for 
it or hath respite of payment by the good will of the seller. 

29. No constable shall distrain any knight to give money for 
castle guairds, if he himself will do it in his person, or by 
another able man in case he cannot do it through any rea- 
sonable tause. And if we lead him, or send him in an army, 
he shall be free from such guards for the time he shall be 
in the army by our command. 

30. No sheriff or bailiff of ours, or any other, shall take 
horses or carts of any free man for carriage, but by the good 
\vill of the said free man. 

31. Neither shall we nor our bailiffs take any man's tim- 
ber for our castles or other uses, imless by the consent of 
the owner of the timber. 

32. We shall retain the lands of those convicted of felony 
only one year and a day, and then they shall be delivered to 
the lord of the fee. 

33. All wears for the time to come shall be put down in 
the rivers of Thames and MIedway, and throughout all Eng- 
land, except upon the sea coast. 

34. The writ which is called praecipe, for the future 
5hall not be made out to any one," of any tenement, whereb}- 
a free man may lose his court. 

. 35. There shall be one measure of wine and one of ale 
through our whole realm; and one measure of corn, that is 
to say, the London quarter; and one breadth of dyed cloth, 
and russets, and haberjeets, that is to say, two ells within the 
list; and it shall be of weights as it is of measures. 



//f/;r«;r.ATiVE manual 



»A »v^.,,.,;y. ^ft^ ft^fir^forth shall be given or taken for a 



* • * <' '.^f . ,n/.n ^// \\\^. or limb, but it shall be granted freely 






;f ♦M/ 4/r f,/,f/1 ti{ m by fee-farm, or by socage, or by 

^^•/.♦i//', Au/\ b/- h//|/h fljfto lands of any other by knight's 

'- "- '/- x/,II r,M ),«v*^ fhr custody of the heir or land 

' ->oA^n of mufiht^r man's fee by reason of that fec^ 

^♦i.'/^, /.f hutfi^Uf-', neither will we have the custody 

/ '■'''' '^'-m, •i///«(/r, or burKage, except knight's service 

^" "^ -* ;' '/"^ /'' *>"^ <»ftmc frc-farm. We will not have 

. '/.'^/ ^.f ;»;, hnr, mr oi any land which he holds of 

' ^ ' '.^-'^V ''''"' i' ';/'^'^^^' ^>' ^<;"«f^" of any petty serjeanty 
"*- v^. /.f M, >^ M.*? service of paying a knife, an arrow. 






/•' < 



*- V 






'^f K.,„fi IfMti benrcifr>rth shall put any man to his 
v^- /,,' //^M ),/;,f ftaynig, without credible witness to 

J'..." ;"1^'< ,"?" '';'",'"■ '"'*''" "•■ '■'"P'-isoned C disseised, 
t-r ■ wt .• '""'"'"::• •"■ ""yways destroyd, nor will w^ 
y^"\ •:'•''"' ''•'"' '"''' »*'•" we iiriKl upon him, unless bv the 
...U ^4,„.,n .A Mo p.r.rH, or by the law of the lanZ 

J!;.i«'?,f Tn^'lf"" "'"»!' hove .safe and secure conduct, to 
K'v oiH //f, 41,4 (o come iiiu> Kiiflf and and to stav tlipr» ,„^ 
^v ,.p. a. W.11 by Ia„d a, |,y wa e"? for buy ng\„d sell W 
by rJ«- au.u-,u and allowed customs, without anvrvil S 

w'b" .'" aZ if tr^' '," 7''-S^'-/ar: of^^tior'at' w^^ 
win* lib, Aiid if there be foiiiul any such in our land in thi. 

t!^T"^ ■'^"'^■ *"'•'' ^''^y *''"" "'^ attached wStdam- 

ou rhif iu ;io1i;v';r''''' """' i' ''<= '^«°-" unto us "Sr 

,!1,„\! : '"'>"<^'^7» now our merchants be treated in the 

in-if ,f- frij ;- d-i^Lr ^^ -^^ ^'-- ^^ 

^ut '^ft? i'.US'a„K;!'rfennT^cu?errit^ 

'^ ".r"n,e7hor^^!: «"T""u *° ^^n"- - '- "f 
W4r, i)y some shorr space, for the common benefit of tl,» 

rea m. exrept prisoner, and outlaws acc^rdb^to the laws 
of he land, and people in war with us, and merchants who 
shall be m s.,ch co,,dition as is above mentioned 
Wa iin!Lr7 Tll-^'i'^ °^ any escheat, as of the honour of 

eTchia"? which (^ i"„''or'.,^7'°^!.' La"«ste^. or of other 
cstneais wn ch be m our hands, and are baronies anH rfic 

.^ce "joVs"" h?; V^ °"'r. 'f'^C ""."l P"form°no other se^l 
»>?, . u ' i^" "* ^ould to the baron, if it were in the 

toZheldt = ''* "'" '•°'' '* *^*^'- *^^ ^^"^ ™"-- a" tt 



STATE OF, NORTH DAKOTA 



44. Those men who dwelt without the forest from hence- 
forth shall not come before our justiciaries of the forest upon 
common summons, but such as are impleaded or are pledges 
for any that are attached for something concerning the forest. 

45. We will' not make any justice, constables,* sheriffs, or 
bailiffs but of such as know the law of the realm and mean 
duly to observe it. 

: 46. All barons who have founded abbeys and have the kings- 
of England's charters of advowson or the ancient tenure there- 
of, shall have the keepjng of them, when vacant, as they 
ought to have. 

' 47. All forests that have been made forests in our time, 
shall forthwith be disforested; and the same shall be done 
with the banks that have been fenced in by us in our time. 

48. All evil customs concerning forests, warrens, forester^ 
and warreners, sheriffs and their officers, rivers and their 
keepers, shall forthwith be inquired into in each county, by 
twelve sworn knights of the same shire, chosen by creditable 
persons of the same county; and within forty days after the 
said inquest, be utterly abolished, so as never to be restored; 
so as we are first acquainted therewith, or our justiciary, if 
we should not be in England 

49. We will immediately give up all hostages and writings 
delivered unto us by our English subjects, as securities for 
their keeping the peace, and yielding us faithful service. 

50. We will entirely remove from our bailiwicks the rela- 
tions of Gerard de Atheyes , so that for the future they shall 
have no bailiwicks in England ; we will also remove Engelard 
de Cygony, Andrew, Peter, and Gyon, from the Chancery; 
Gyon de Cygony, Geoffrey de Martyn and his brothers; 
Philip Mark, and his brothers, and his nephew, Geoffrey, 
and their whole retinue. 

51. As soon as peace is restored, we will send out of the 
kingdom all foreign soldiers, cross-bowmen, and stipendi- 
aries, who are come with horses and arms to the prejudice 
of our people. • 

52. If anyone has been dispossessed or deprived by us 
without the legal judgment of his peers, of his lands, castles, 
liberties, or right, we will forthwith restore them to him; 
and if any dispute arise upon his head, let the matter be de- 
cided by the five-and-twenty barons hereafter mentioned, for 
the preservation of the peace. As for all those things of 
which any person has, without the legal judgment of his 
peers, been dispossessed or deprived, either by King Henry 
our father, or our brother King Richard, and which we have 
in our hands, or are possessed by others, and we are bound 
to warrant and make good, we shall have a respite till the 
term usually allowed the crusaders; excepting those things 
about which there is a plea depending, or whereof an inquest 



return fr"^ tl'r''^; *'' ""-lertoc* tht 

■'« n ^ih hiro ; „,„! If , *""m he shall think k,. 

le marche 
Ihe Wdsh 

lan hafh, 
ed or de- 
"R- Rich- 
'hers are 
'a'l have 
; except- 
whereof 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



an inquest has been made by our order, before we undertook 
the crusade; but when we return, or if we stay at home with- 
out performing our pilgrimage, we will immediately do them 
full justice according to the laws of the Welsh and of the 
parts before mentioned. 

58. We will without delay dismiss the son of Llewellyn, 
and all the Welsh hostages, and release them from the en- 
gagements they have entered into with us for the preservation 
of the peace. 

59^ We will treat with Alexander, King of Scots» con- 
cerning the restoring his sisters and hostages, and his rights 
and liberties, in the same form and manner as we shall do 
to the rest of our barons of England; unless by the charters 
which we have from his father, William, late King of Scots, 
it ought to be otherwise ; but this shall be left to the determi- 
nation of his peers in our court. 

60. All the aforesaid customs and liberties, which we have 
granted to be holden in our kingdom, as much as it belongs 
to us toward our people of our kingdom, as well clergy as 
laity shall observe, as far as they are concerned toward their 
dependents. 

61. And whereas, for the honour of God and the amend- 
ment of our kingdom, and for the better quieting the discord 
that has arisen between us and our barons, we have granted 
all these thincrs aforesaid; willing to render them finn and 
lasting, we do jgive and grant our subjects the underwritten 
security, namely that the barons may choose five-and-twenty 
barons of the kingdom, whom they think convenient; who 
shall take care, with all their might, to hold and observe, and 
cause to be observed, the peace and liberties we have granted 
them, and this by our present charter confirmed; so that if 
we, our justiciary, our bailiffs, or any of our officers, shall in 
any circumstance fail in the performance of them toward any 
person, or shall break through any of these articles of peace 
and security, and the offense be notified to four barons chosen 
out of the five-and-twenty before mentioned , the said four 
barons shall repair to us, or our justiciary, if we are out of 
the realm, and laying open the prrievance, shall petition to have 
it redressed without delay ; and if it be not redressed by us , or 
if we should chance to be out of the realm, if it should not 
be redressed by our justiciary, within forty days, reckoning 
from the time it has been notified to us, or to our justiciary, 
(if we should be out of the realm,) the four barons afore- 
said shall lay the cause before the rest of the five-and-twenty 
barons; and the said five-and-twenty barons, together with 
the community of the whole kingdom, shall distrain and dis- 
tress us in all possible ways, by seizing our castles, lands, 
possessions and in any other manner they can, till the griev- 
ance is redressed according to their pleasure ; saving harmless 



10 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



our own person, and the persons of our queen and children; 
and when it is redressed they shall obey us as 'before. And any 
person whatsoever in the kingdom, may swear that he will 
obey the orders of the five-and-twenty barons aforesaid, in 
the execution of the premises, and will distress us, jointly 
with them, to the utmost of his power; and we give pub- 
lic and free liberty to anyone that shall please to swear to 
this, and never will hinder any person from taking the same 
oath* 

62. As for all those of our subjects who will not, of their 
own accord, swear to join the five-and-twenty barons in dis- 
training and distressing us, we will issue orders to make them 
take the oath as aforesaid. And if any one of the five-and- 
twenty barona dies, or goes out of the kingdom, or is 
hindered any other way from carrying the things aiforesaid in- 
to execution, the rest of the said five-and-twenty barons may 
choose any other in his room, at their discretion, who shall be 
sworn in like manner as the rest. In all things that are commit- 
ted to the execution of these five-and-twenty barons, if when 
they are all assembled together, they should 'happen to dis- 
agree about any matter, and some of them, when summoned, 
will not, or cannot come, whatever is agreed upon, or en- 
joined, by the major part of those that are present, shall be 
reputed as firm and valid as if all the five-and-twenty had given 
their consent; and the aforesaid five-and-twenty shall swear, 
that all the premises they shall faithfully observe, and cause 
with all their power to be observed. And we will not by our- 
selves, or by any other, procure anything whereby any of 
these concessions and liberties may be revoked or lessened; 
and if any such thing be obtained, let it be null and void; 
neither shall we ever make use of it, either by ourselves or 
any other. And all the ill will, indignations, and rancours 
that have arisen between us and our subjects, of the clergy 
and laity, from the first breaking out of the dissentions be- 
tween us, we do fully remit and forgive: moreover all tres- 
passes occasioned by the said dissentions, from Easter in- the 
fifteenth year of our reign, till the restoration of peace and 
tranquility, we hereby entirely remit to all, both clergy and 
laity, and as far as in us lies do fully forgive. We have, 
moreover, caused to be made for them the letter patent tes- 
timonial of Stephen, lord archbishop of Canterbury, Henry, 
lord archbishop of Dublin, and the bishops aforesaid, as also 
of Master Pandulph, for the security and concession aforesaid. 

63. Wherefore we will and firnily enjoin that the church 
of England be free, and that all the men in our kingdom 
have and hold all the aforesaid liberties, rights and conces- 
sions, truly and peaceably, freely and quietly, fully and wholly 
to themselves and their heirs, of us and our heirs, in all 
things and places, forever, as is aforesaid. It is also sworn. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA H 

as well on our part as on the part of the barons, that all the 
things aforesaid shall be observed bona fide and without evil 
subtilty. 

Given under our hand, in the presence of the witnesses 
above named, and many others, in the meadow called Runny- 
mede, between Windsor and Staines, the 15th day of June, 
in thie seventeenth year of our reign. 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 



In" Congress, July 4, 1776. 

When, in the course of human events, it becomes neces- 
sary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have 
connected them with another, and to assume, among the 
powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which 
the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a 
decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they 
should declare the causes which impel them to the separa- 
tion. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are 
created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with 
certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty 
and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, 
governments are instituted among men, deriving their just 
powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever 
any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, 
it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to 
institute new government, laying its foundation on such 
principles, and organizmg its powers in such form, as to 
them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happi- 
ness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long 
established should not be changed for light and transient 
causes: and, accordingly, all experience hath shown, that 
mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are suffer- 
able, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to 
which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses 
and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces 
a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their 
right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and 
been the patient sufferance of these colonies, and such is 
now the necessity wnich constrains them to alter their former 
systems of government. The history of the present king of 
Great Britain as a liistory of repeated injuries and usurpa- 
tion, all having in direct object, the establishment of an ab- 
solute tyranny over these states. To prove this let facts be 
submitted to a candid world. 

He has refused his assent to laws the most wholesome and 
necessary for the public good. 

He has forbidden his governors to pass laws of immediate 
and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation 
till his assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, 
he has utterly neglected to attend to them. 



"14 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation 
of large districts of people, unless those people would relin- 
quish the right of representation in the legislature; a right 
inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, 
uncomfortable and distant, from the repository of their pub- 
lic records, for the sole pilrpose of fatiguing them mio com- 
pliance with hrs measures- 
He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for op- 
posing with manly firmness his invasion on the rights of 
the -people. 

He has refused, for a long time after such dissolutions, 
to cause others to be elected; whereby the legislative pow- 
ers, incapa'ble of annihilation, have returned to the people 
at large for their exercise; the state remaining, in the mean- 
time; e^tposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, 
and- convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to' prevent the population of these 
states; for that purpose obstructing the laws for naturaliza- 
tion of foreigners ; refusing to pass others to encourage their 
migrations, hither, and raising the conditions of new appro- 
priations of. lands. 

He has obstructed the administration of justice, by re- 
fusing his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers. 

He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the 
tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their 
salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither 
swarms of officers to harass our people, and eat out their 
substance. 

He has kept among us in times of peace, standing armies, 
without the consent of our legislatures. 

He has effected- to render the military independent of 
and superior to the civil power. 

He has combined with others, to subject las to a jurisdic- 
tion foreign to our constitution and unacknowledged by our 
laws; giving his assent to their acts of pretended legisla- 
tion. 

For quartering lar^e bodies of armed troops among us. 

For protectmg them, by a mock trial, from punishment for 
any murders which they should commit on the inhabitants 
of these states. 

For cutting oflF our trade with all parts of the world. 

For imposing taxes on us without our consent. 

For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of trial 
by jury. 

For transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretended 
offenses. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 15 

For abolishing the free system of English laws in a neigh- 
boring province, establishing therein an arbitrary govern- 
ment, and enlarging its boundaries, so as to render it at 
once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same 
absolute rule int6 these colonies. 

For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valu- 
able laws, and altering, fundamentally, the forms of our 
governments. 

For suspending our own legislatures, and declaring them- 
selves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases 
whatsoever. 

He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out 
of his protection, and waging war against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our 
towns, and destroyed the lives of our people. 

He is, at this time, transporting large armies of foreign 
mercenaries, to compleat the works of death, desolation and 
tyranny already begun with circumstances of cruelty and 
perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and 
totally unworthy the head of a civilized nation. 

He has constrained our fellow citizens, taken captive on 
the high seas, to bear arms against their country, to be- 
come the executioners of their friends and brethren, or to 
fall themselves by their hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has 
endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers the 
merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare is 
an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and condi- 
tions. 

In every stage of these oppressions, we have petitioned 
for redress, in the most humble terms; our repeated peti- 
tions have been answered only by repeated injury. A prince, 
whose character is thus marked by every act which may de- 
fine a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. 

Nor have we been wanting in attentions to our British 
brethren. We have warned them from time to time of at- 
tempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable juris- 
diction over us. We have reminded them of the circum- 
stances of 0!jr immigration and settlement here. We have 
appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we 
have conjured them, by the ties of our common kindred, to 
disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt 
our connections and correspondence. They, too, have been 
deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, 
therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our 
separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, 
enemies in war, in peace friends. 

We therefore, the representatives of the United States of 
America, in general congress assembled, appealing to the 



^ 



16 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our inten- 
tions, do, in the name, and by authority of the good peo- 
ple of these colonies, solemly publish and declare. That these 
United Colonies are, and of right ought to be. Free and Inde- 
pendent States; that they are absolved from all allegiance 
to the British crown, and that all political connection be- 
tween them and the state of Great Britain, is and ought to 
be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent 
States, they have full power to levy war, conclude peace, 
contract alliances, establish commerce, and to do all other 
acts and things which independent states may of right do. 
And for the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance 
on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge 
to each o.ther our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor. 

JOHN HANCOCK. 

New Hampshire — ^Josiah Bartlett, Wm. Whipple, Matthew 
Thornton. 

Massachusetts Bay — Saml. Adams, John Adams, Robt. 
Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry. 

Rhode Island, Etc. — Step. Hopkins, William Ellery. 

Connecticut — Roger Sherman, Sam'el Huntington, Wm. 
Williams, Oliver Wolcott. 

New York — Wm. Floyd, Phil. Livingston, F-rans. LeWis, 
Lewis Morris. 

New Jersey — Richd. Stockton, Jno. Wjtherspoon, Fras. 
Hopkinson, John Hart, Abra. Clark. 

Pennsylvania — Robt. Morris, Benjamin Rush, Benja. Frank- 
lin, John Morton, Geo. Clymer, Jas. Smith, Geo. Taylor, 
James Wilson, Geo. Ross. 

Delaware— Cesar Rodney, Geo. Reed, Tho. M*Kean. 

Maryland — Samuel Chase, Wm. Paca, Thos. Stone, Charles 
Carroll of Carrollton. 

Virginia — George Wythe, Richard Henry Lee, Th. 
Jefferson, Benja. Harrison, Thos. Nelson, jr., Francis 
Lightfoot Lee, Carter Braxton. 

North Carolina — Wm. Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn. 

South Carolina — Edward Rutledge, Tho. Hay ward, junr., 
Thos. Lynch, junr., Arthur Middleton. 

Georgia — Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, Geo. Walton. 



ARTICLES O^ CONFEDERATION 



[While the Declaration of Independence was under con- 
sideration in the Continental Congress , and before it was 
finally agreed upon, measures were taken for the establish- 
ment of a constitutional form of government; and on the 
11th of June, 1776, it was "Resolved, That a committee be 
appointed to prepare and digest the form of a confederation 
to be entered into between these Colonies" which committee 
was appointed the next day, June 12, and consisted of a 
member from each Colony, namely: Mr. Bartlett, Mr. S. 
Adams, Mtr. Hopkins, Mr. Sherman, Mr. R. R. Livingston, 
Mr. Dickinson, Mr. McKean, Mr. Stone, Mr. Nelson, Mr. 
Hewes, Mr. E. Rutledge and Mr. Gwinnett. On the 12th 
of July, 1776, the committee reported a draught of the 
Articles of Confederation, which was printed for the use of 
the members under the strictest injunctions of secrecy. 

This report underwent a thorough discussion in congress, 
from time to time, until the 15th of November, 1777; on which 
day "Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union" were 
finally agreed to in form, and they were directed to be pro- 
posed to the legislatures of all the United States, and if ap- 
proved by them, they were advised to authorize their delegates 
to ratify the same in the congress of the United States ; and 
in that event they were to become conclusive. On the 17th 
of November, 1777, the congress agreed upon the form of 
a circular letter to accompany the articles of confederation, 
which concluded with a recommendation to each of the sev- 
eral legislatures "to invest its delegates with competent pow- 
ers, ultimately, and in the name and behalf of the state, to 
subscribe articles of confederation and perpetual union of the 
United States, and to attend congress for that purpose on 
or before the 10th day of March next." This letter was 
signed by the president of congress and sent, with a copy of 
the articles, to each state legislature. 

On the 26th of June, 1778, congress agreed upon the form 
of a ratification of the articles of confederation, and directed 
a copy of the articles and the ratification to be engrossed on 
parchment; which, on the 9th of July, 1778, having been ex- 
amined and the blanks filled, was signed by the delegates of 
New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, Pennsyl- 
vania, Virginia and South Carolina. Congress then directed 
that a circular letter be addressed to the states whose dele- 
pates were not present, or being present, conceived they were 

Blue Book--4 



18 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

not authorized to sign the ratification, informing them how 
many and what states had ratified the articles of confedera- 
tion, and desiring them, with all convenient dispatch, to au- 
thorize their delegates to ratify the same. Of these states, 
North Carolina ratified on the 21st and Georgia on the 24th 
of July, 1778; New Jersey on the 26th of November follow- 
ing; Delaware on the 5th of May, 1779; Maryland on the 
1st of March, 1781; and on the 2d of March, 1781, congress 
assembled under the new form of government.] ' 



ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. 

To all to whom these Presents shall come, we the undersigned 
Delegates of the States afUxed to our Names, send greeting: 

Whereas the delegates of the United States of America in 
congress assembled did on the 15th day of November in the 
year of our Lord 1777, and in the second year of. the inde- 
pendence of America agree to certain articles of confederation 
and perpetual union between the states of New Hampshire, 
Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Planta- 
tions, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, 
Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Caro* 
lina and Georgia, in the words following, viz: 

''Articles of Confederation and Perpetual, Union between the 
States of New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Isl- 
and and Providence Plantations, ^ Connecticut, New York, 
New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, 
North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. 

Article I. The style of this" confederacy shall be "The 
United States of America." 

Article IL Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom and 
independence, and every power, jurisdiction and right, which 
is not by this confederation expressly delegated to the United 
States in congress assembled. 

Article III. The said states hereby severally enter into a 
firm league of friendship with each other, for their common 
defense, the security of their liberties, and their mutual and 
general welfare, binding themselves to assist each other, 
against all force offered to, or attacks made upon them, or any 
of them, on account of religion, sovereignty, trade, or any 
other pretense whatever. 

Article IV. The better to secure and perpetuate mutual 
friendship and intercourse among the people Qf the different 
states in this union, the free inhabitants of each of these 
states, paupers, vagabonds and fugitives from justice ex- 
cepted, shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of 
free citizens in the several states ; and the people of each state 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 19 

. ; I ■ 

shall have free ingress and regress to and from any other 
state, and shall enjoy therein all the privileges of trade and 
commerce, subject to the same duties, impositions and restric- 
tions as the inhabitants thereof respectively, provided that 
such restrictions shall not extend so far as to prevent the 
removal of property imported into any state, to any other 
state of which the owner is an inhabitant; provided, also, 
that no imposition, duties or restriction shall be laid by any 
state on the property of the United States, or either of them. 

If any person guilty of, or charged with treason, felony, or 
other high misdemeanor in any "state, shall flee from justice, 
and be foun<i in any of the United States, he shall upon de- 
mand of the governor or executive power of the state from 
which he fled, be delivered up and removed to the state having 
jurisdiction of his offense. 

Full faith and credit shall be given in each of these states 
to the records, acts and judicial proceedings of the courts 
and magistrates of every other state. 

Article V. For the more convenient management of the 
general interest of the United States, delegates shall be an- 
nually appointed in such manner as the legislature of each 
state shall direct, to meet in congress on the first Monday in 
November, in every year, with a power reserved to each state, 
to recall its delegates, or any of them, at any time within the 
year, and to send others in their stead, for the remainder of 
the year. 

No state shall be represented in congress by less than two, 
nor by more than seven members; and no person shall be 
capable of being a delegate for more than three years in any 
term of six years; nor shall any person, being a delegate, 
be capable of holding any office under the United States, for 
which he, or another for his benefit receives any salary, fees, 
or emolument of any kind. 

Each state shall maintain its own delegates in any meeting 
of the states, and while they act as members of the committee 
of the states. 

In determining questions in the United States, in congress 
assembled, each state shall have one vote. 

Freedom of speech and debate in congress shall not be im- 
peached or questioned in any court, or place out of congress, 
and the members of congress shall be protected in their per- 
sons from arrests and imprisonments, during the time of 
their goins: to and from, and attendance on congress, except 
for treason, felony, or breach of the peace. 

Article VI. No state without the consent of the United 
States in congress assembled, shall send anv embassy to, or 
receive any embassy from, or enter into any conference 
agreement, alliance or treaty with any king, prince or state, 
nor shall any person holding any office of profit or trust under 



20 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

the United States, or any of them, accept of any present, 
emolument, office or title of any kind whatever from any 
king, prince or foreign state; nor shall the United States in 
congress assembled, or any of them, grant any title of no- 
bility. 

No two or more states shall enter into stny treaty, confed- 
eration or alliance whatever between them, without the con- 
sent of the United States in congress assembled, specifying 
accurately the purposes for which the same is to be entered 
into, and how long it shall continue. 

No state shall lay any imposts or duties, which may inter- 
fere with any stipulations in treaties, entered into by the United 
States in congress assembled with anv king, prince or state, 
in pursuance of any treaties already proposed by congress to 
the courts of France or Spain. 

No vessels of war shall be kept up in time of peace by any 
state, except such number only, as shall be deemed necessary 
by the United States in congress assembled, for the defense 
of such state, or its trade; nor shall any body of forces be 
kept up by any state, in time of peace, except such number 
only, as in the judgment of the United States, in congress 
assembled, shall be deemed requisite to garrison the forts 
necessary for the defense of such state; but every state shall 
always keep up a well regulated and disciplined militia, suffi- 
ciently armed and accoutered, and shall provide and have 
constantly ready for use, in public stores, a due number of 
field pieces and tents, and a proper quantity of arms, ammu- 
nition and camp equipage. 

No state shall engage in any war without the consent of the 
United States in congress assembled, unless such state be 
actually invaded by enemies, or shall have received certain 
advice of a resolution being formed by some nation of In- 
dians to invade such state, and the danger is so imminent as 
not to admit of a delay, till the United States in congress 
assembled can be consulted; nor shall any state grant com- 
missions to any ships or vessels of war, nor letters of marque 
or reprisal, except it be after a declaration of war by the 
United States, in congress assembled, and then only against 
the kingdom or state, and the subjects thereof, against which 
war has been so declared, and under such regulations as shall 
be established by the United States in congress assembled, 
unless such state be infested by pirates, in which case vesstels 
of war may be fitted out for that occasion, and kept so long 
as the danger shall continue, or until the United States in 
congress assembled shall determine otherwise. 

Article VII. When land forces are raised by any state 
for the common defense, all officers of or under the rank of 
colonel, shall be appointed by the legislature of each state 
respectively by whom such forces shall be raised, or in such 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 21 

manner as such. state shall direct, and all vacancies shall be 
filled up by the state which first made the appointment. 

Articxe VIII. All charges of war, and all other expenses 
that shall be incurred for the common defense or general 
welfare, and allotwed by the United States in congress as- 
sembled, shall be defrayed out of a common treasury, which 
shall be supplied by the several states, in proportion to 
the value of all land within each state, granted to or surveyed 
for any person, as such land and the buildings and improve- 
ments thereon shall be estimated according to such mode as 
the United States in congress assembled, shall from time to 
time, direct and appoint. 

The taxes for paying that proportion shall be laid and levied 
by the authority and direction of the legislatures of the several 
states within the time agreed upon by the United States in 
congress assembled. 

Article IX. The United States in congress assembled, 
shall have the sole and exclusive right and power of determin- 
ing on peace and war, except the cases mentioned in the 6th 
article — of sending and receiving embassadors — entering into 
treaties and alliances, provided that no treaty of commerce 
shall be made whereby the legislative power of the respective 
states shall be restrained from imposing such imposts and 
duties on foreigners, as their own people are subject to, or 
from prohibiting the exportation or importation of any species 
of goods or commodities whatsoever — of establishing rules for 
deciding in all cases, what captures on land or water shall be 
legal , and in what manner prizes taken by land or naval forces 
in the service of the United States, shall be divided or ap- 
propriated — of granting letters of marque and reprisal in times 
of peace-^appointing courts for the trial of piracies and felon- 
ies committed on the high seas and establishing courts for re- 
ceiving and determining finally appeals in all cases of captures , 
provided that no member of congress shall be appointed a 
judge of any of the said courts. 

The United States in congress assembled shall also be the 
last resort on appeal in all disputes and differences now sub- 
sisting or that hereafter may arise between two or more states 
concerning boundary, jurisdiction or any othercause whatever; 
which authority shall always be exercised in the manner fol- 
lowing: Whenever the legislative or executive authority or 
lawful agent of any state in controversy with another shall 
present a petition to congress, stating the matter in question 
and praying for a hearing, notice thereof shall be given by or- 
der of congress to the legislative or executive authority of the 
other state in controversy, and a day assigned for the appear- 
ance of the parties by their lawful agents, who shall then be 
directed to appoint by joint consent, commissioners or judges 
to constitute a court for hearing and determining the matter 



22 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



in question; but if they cannot agree, congress shall namt 
three persons out of each of the United States, and from 
the list of such persons each party shall alternately strike out 
one, the petitioners beginning, until the number shall be re- 
duced to thirteen ; and from that number not less than seven , 
nor more than nine names as congress shall direct, shall in the 
presence of congress be drawn out by lot, and the persons 
whose names shall be so drawn or any five of them, shall be 
commissioners or judges, to hear and filially determine 
the controversy, so always as a major part of the judges who 
shall hear the cause shall agree in the determination: and if 
either party shall neglect to attend at the day appointed, with- 
out showing reasons, which congress shall judge suf- 
ficient, or being present shall refuse to strike, the congress 
shall proceed to nominate three persons out of each state, and 
the secretary of congress shall strike in behalf of such party 
absent or refusing ; and the j udgment and sentence of the court 
to be appointed , in the manner before prescribed, shall be final 
and conclusive; and if any of the parties shall refuse to sub- 
mit to the authority of such court, or to appear or defend 
thear claim or cause, the court shall nevertheless proceed to 
pronounce sentence, or judgment, which shall in like man- 
ner be final and decisive, the judgment or sentence and other 
proceedings being in either case transmitted to congress and 
lodged among the acts of congress for the security of the par- 
ties concerned: provided that every commissioner, before he 
sits in judgment, shall take an oath to be administered by one of 
the judges of the supreme or superior court of the state, where 
the cause shall be tried, "well and truly to hear and deter- 
mine the matter in question, according to the best of his judg- 
ment, without favor, affection or hope of reward:" provided 
also that no state shall be deprived of territory for the benefit 
of the United States. 

All controversies concerning the private right of soil claimed 
under different grants of two or more states, whose juris- 
dictions as they may respect such lands, and the states which 
passed such grants are adjusted, the said grants or either of 
them being at the same time claimed to have originated ante- 
cedent to such settlement of jurisdiction, shall on the petition 
of either party to the congress of the United States, be finally 
determined as near as may be in the same manner as is before 
prescribed for deciding disputes respecting territorial juris- 
diction between different states. 

The United States in congress assembled shall also have the 
sole and exclusive right and power of regulating the alloy 
and value of coin struck by their own authority, or by that of 
the respective states — fixing the standard of weights and 
measures throughout the United States — regulating the trade 
and managing all affairs with the Indians, not members of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 33 

any of the states, provided that the legislative right of any 
state within its own limits be not infringed or violated — estab- 
lishing or regulating post offices from one state to another, 
throughout all the United States , and exacting such postage on 
the papers passing thro' the same as may be requisite to defray 
the expense of the said office — appointing all officers of the 
land forces, in the service of the United States, excepting 
regimental officers — appointing all the officers of the naval 
forces, and commissioning all officers whatever in the service 
of the United States — making rules for the government and 
regulation of the said land and naval forces, and directing 
their operations. 

The United States in congress assembled shall have author- 
ity to appoint a committee, to sit in the recess of congress, 
to be denominated "A Committee of the States," and to con- 
sist of one delegate from each state ; and to appoint such other 
committees and 'civil officers as may be necessary for manag- 
ing the general affairs of the United States under their direct- 
ion — ^to appoint one of their number to preside, provided that 
no person be allowed to serve in the office of president more 
than one year in any term of three years; to ascertain the 
necessary sums of Mpney to be raised for the service of the 
United States, and to appropriate and apply the same for de- 
fraying the public expenses — ^to borrow money , or emit bills on 
the credit of the United States , transmitting every half year to 
the respective states an account of the sums of money so bor- 
rowed or emitted — -to build and equip a navy — ^to agree upon 
the number of land forces, and to make requisitions from each 
state for its quota, in proportion to the number of white in- 
habitants in such state; which requisitions shall be binding, 
and thereupon the legislature of each state shall appoint the 
regimental officers, raise the men and cloath, arm and equip 
them in a soldier like manner, at the expense of the United 
States ; and the officers and men so cloathed, armed and equipped 
shall macch to the place appointed and withan the time agreed on 
by the United States in congress assembled ; but if the United 
States in congress assembled shall, on consideration of circum- 
stances judge proper that any state should not raise men, or 
should raise a smaller number than its quota, and that any 
other state should raise a greater number of men than the 
quota thereof, such extra number shall be raised, officered, 
cloathed, armed and equipped in the same manner as the 
quota of such state, unless the legislature of such state shall 
judge that such extra number cannot be safely spared 
out of the same, in which case they shall raise 
officer, cloath, arm and equip as many of such extra number 
as they judge can be safely spared. And the officers and men 
so cloathed, armed and equipped, shall march to the place ap- 



24 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

pointed, and within the time agreed on by the United States 
in congress assembled. 

The United States in congress assembled shall never engage 
in a war, nor grant letters of marque and reprisal in time of 
peace, nor enter into any treaties or alliances, nor coin money, 
nor regulate the value thereof, nor ascertain the sums and ex- 
penses necessary for the defense and welfare of the United 
States, or any of them, nor emit bills, nor borrow money on the 
credit of the United States, nor appropriate money, nor agree 
upon the number of vessels of war, to be built or purchased, or 
the number of land or sea forces to be raised, nor appoint a 
commander-in-chief of the army or navy, unless nine states 
assent to the same; nor shall a question on any other point, 
except for adjourning from day to day be determined, unless 
by the votes of a majority of the United States in congress 
assembled. 

The congress of .the United States shall have power to ad- 
journ to any time within the year, and to any place within the 
United States, so that no period of adjournment be for a 
longer duration than the space of six months and shall publish 
the journal of their proceedings monthly, except such parts 
thereof relating to treaties, alliances or military operations, 
as in their judgment require secrecy; and ^the yeas and nays 
of the delegates of each state on any question shall be entered 
on the Journal, when it is desired by any delegate; and the 
delegates of a state, or any of them, at his or their request 
shall be furnished with a transcript of the said Journal, 
except such parts as are above excepted, to lay before the 
legislatures of the several states. 

Article X. The committee of the states, or any nine 
of them, shall be authorized to execute, in the recess of 
congress, such of the powers of congress as the United 
States in congress assembled, by the consent of nine states, 
shall from time to time think expedient to vest them with", 
provided that no power be delegated to the said committee, 
for the exercise of which, by the articles of confederation, 
the voice of nine states in the congress of the United States 
assembled is requisite. 

Article XL Canada acceding to this confederation, 
and joining in the measures of the United States, shall be ad- 
mitted into, and entitled to all the advantages of this union: 
but no other colony shall be admitted into the same, unless 
such admission be agreed to by nine states. 

Article XII. All bills of credit emitted, moneys bor- 
rowed and debts contracted by, or under the authority of 
congress, before the assembling of the United States, in 
pursuance of the present confederation, shall be deemed and 
considered as a charge against the United States, for pay- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 25 

ment and satisfaction whereof the said United States, and the 
public faith are hereby solemnly pledged. 

Article XIII. Every state shall abide by the determina- 
tions of the United States in congress assembled, on all 
questions whidh by this confederation are submitted to them. 
And the articles of this confederation shall be inviloably 
observed by every state, and the union shall be perpetual; 
nor shall any alteration at any time hereafter be made in any 
of them ; unless such alteration be agreed to in a congress of 
the United States, and be afterwards confirmed by the legis- 
latures of every state. 

And whereas it hath pleased the Great Governor of the 
World to incline the hearts of the legislatures we respectively 
represent in congress, to approve of, and to authorize us to 
ratify the said articles of confederation and perpetual union. 
Know Ye that -we the undersigned delegates, by virtue of 
the power and authority to us given for that purpose, do by 
these presents, in the name and in behalf of our respective con- 
stituents, fully and entirely ratify and confirm each and every 
of the said articles of confederation and perpetual union, and 
all and singular the matters and things therein contained ; and 
we do further solemnly plight and engage the faith of our 
respective constituents, that they shall abide by the determina- 
tions of the United States in congress assembled, on all 
questions; which by the said confederation are submitted to 
them.. And that the articles thereof shall be inviolably observed 
by the states we respectively represent, and that the union shall 
be perpetual. 

In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands in 
Congress. Done at Philadelphia in the state of Pennsylvania 
the dth day of July in the Year of our Lord, 1778, and in 
the 3d year of the Independence of America. 

On the part and oehalf of the State of New Hampshire — 
Josiah Bartlett, John Wentwofrth, Jun. (August 8, 1778.) 

On the part and behalf of the State of Massachusetts Bay — 
John Hancock, Samuel Adams, Elbridge Gerry, Francis 
Dana, James Lovell, Samuel Holten. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations — ^WiMiam Ellery, Henry Marchant, 
John Collins. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Connecticut — Roger 
Sherman, Samuel Huntington, Oliver Wolcott, Titus 
Hosmer, Andrew Adam. 

On the part -and behalf of the State of New York — Jas 
Duane, Fras Lewis, William Duer, Gouvr Morris. 

On the part and behalf of the State of New Jersey — ^Jno 
Witherspoon, Nathl Scudder, (Nov. 26, 1778.) 



26 • LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

On the part and behalf of the State of Pennsylvania — Roibt 
Morris, Daniel Roberdeau, Jona Bayard Smith, William 
Clingan, Joseph Reed, (July 22nd, 1778.) 

On the part and behalf of the State of Delaware — Tho. 
M'Kean, (Feb. 12, 1779,) John Dickinson, (May 5, 1779.) 
Nicholas Van Dyke. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Maryland— John 
Hanson, (March 1, 1781,) Daniel Carroll, (March 1, 1781.) 

On the part and behalf of the State of Virginia — Richard 
Henry Lee, John Bannister, Thomas Adams, Jno Harvie, 
Francis lightfoot Lee. 

On the part and behalf of the State of North Carolina-— 
John Penn, (July 21, 1778,) Corns. Harnett, Jno Williams. 

On the part and behalf of the State of South Carolina — 
Henry Laurens, William Henry Drayton, Jno Mathews, 
Richard Hutson, Thos. Hey ward, Jun. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Georgia — ^Jno Walton, 
(July 24th, 1778,) Edwd Telfair, Edwd. Langworthy. 



ORDINANCE OF 1787 



AN ORDINANCE FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE 
TERRITORY OF THE UNITED STATES NORTH- 
WEST OF THE RIVER OHIO. 

In Congress, July 13, 1787. 

Be it ordained by the United States in Congress assembled, 
that the said territory, for the purposes of temporary gov- 
ernment, be one district; subject, however, to be divided into 
two districts, as future circumstances may, in the opinion 
of Congress , make it expedient. 

Be it ordained by the authority aforesaid, That the states 
both of resident and non-resident proprietors in the said Terri- 
tory, dying intestate, shall descend to and be distributed 
among their children and the descendants of a deceased child 
in equal parts; the descendants of a deceased child or grand- 
child to take the share of their deceased parent in equal 
parts among them; and where there shall be no children or 
descendants, then in equal parts to the next of kin, in equal 
degree; and among collaterals, the children of a deceased 
brother or sister of the intestate shall have in equal parts 
among them their deceased parents* share; and there shall 
in no case be a distinction between kindred of the whole 
and half blood; saving in all cases to the widow of the in- 
testate her third part of the real estate for life, and one-third 
part of the personal estate; and this law relative to descents 
and dower shall remain in full force until altered by the 
legislature of the dis»trict. And until the governior and 
judges shall adopt laws as hereinafter mentioned, estates 
in the said Territory may be devised or bequeathed by wills 
in writing, signed and sealed by him or her in whom the 
estate may be, (being of full age,) and attested by three 
witnesses ; and real estate may be conveyed by lease and re- 
lease or bargain and sale, signed, sealed, and delivered, by 
the person, being of full age, in whom the estate may be, 
and attested by two witnesses, provided such wills be duly 
proved, and such conveyances be acknowledged, or the 
execution thereof duly proved, and be recorded within one 
year after proper magistrates, courts, and registers shall be 
appointed for that purpose; and personal property may be 
transferred by delivery, saving, however, to the French and 
Canadian inhabitants, and other settlers of the Kaskaskies, 
Saint Vincent's and the neighboring villages, which haye here- 



28 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

tofore professed themselves citizens of Virginia, their laws and 
customs now in force among them relative to the descent and 
conveyance of property. 

Be it ordained by the authority aforesaid, That there shall 
be appointed from time to time, by Congress, a governor, 
whose commission shall continue in force for the term of 
three years, unless sooner revoked by Congress; he shall reside 
in the district, and have a freehold estate therein, in one 
thousand acres of land, while in the exercise of his office. 

There shall be appointed from time to time, by Congress, 
a secretary, whose commission shall continue in force 'for 
four years, unless sooner revoked; he shall reside in the 
district, and have a freehold estate therein, in five hundred 
acres of land, while in the exercise of his office. It shall 
be his duty to keep and preserve the acts and laws passed 
by the legislature, and the public records of the district, and 
the proceedings of the governor in his executive department, 
and transmit authentic copies of such acts and proceedings 
every six months to the secretary of Congress. There shall 
also be appointed a court to consist of three judges, any two 
of whom to form a court, who shall have a common law juris- 
diction, and reside in the district, and 'have each therein a 
freehold estate in five hundred acres of land, while in the 
exercise of their offices ; and their commissions shall continue 
in force during good behavior. 

The governor and judges, or a majority of them, shall 
adopt and publish in the district such laws of the original 
States, criminal and civil, as may be necessary and best 
suited to the circumstances of the district, and report thern 
to Congress from time to time, which laws shall be in force 
in the district until the organization of the General Assembly 
therein, unless disapproved of by Congress; but afterwards the 
legislature shall have authority to alter them as they shall 
think fit. 

The Governor, for the time being, shall be commander-in- 
chief of the militia, appoint and commission all officers in the 
same below the rank of general officers; all general officers 
shall be appointed and commissioned by Congress. 

Previous to the organization of the General Assembly, the 
governor shall appoint such magistrates and other civil officers, 
in each county or township, as he shall find necessary 
for the preservation of the peace and good order in the same. 
After the General Assembly shall be organized, the powers 
and duties of magistrates and other civil oflicers shall be 
regulated and defined by the said Assembly; but all mag- 
istrate and other civil officers, not herein otherwise directed, 
shall, during the continuance of this temporary government, 
be appointed by the governor. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 29 

For the prevention of crimes and injuries, the laws to be 
adopted or made shall have force in all parts of the district, 
and for the execution of process, criminal and civil, the gov- 
ernor shall make proper divisions thereof; and he shall pro- 
ceed from time to time, as circumstances may require, to lay 
out the parts of the district in which the Indian titles shall 
have been extinguished into counties and townships, subject, 
however, to such alterations as may thereafter be made by 
the Legislature. 

So soon as there shall be five thousand free male inhab- 
itants, of full age, in the district, upon giving proof thereof to 
the governor, they shall receive authority, with time and 
place, to elect representatives from their counties or town- 
ships, to represent them in the General Assembly; provided 
that for every five hundred free male inhabitants, there shall 
be one representative, and so on progressively with the num- 
ber of free male inhabitants shall the right of representation 
increase, until the number of representatives shall amount to 
twenty-five, after which the number and proportion of rep- 
resenttatives shall be regulated by the Legislature: provided, 
that no person be eligible or qualified to act as a representative 
unless he shall have been a citizen of one of the United States 
three years, and be a resident in the district, or unless he 
shall have resided in the district three years, and in either case 
shall likewise hold in his own right, in fee-simple, two hun- 
dred acres of land within the same : Provided also that a free- 
hold in fifty acres of land in the district, having been a citizen 
of one of the States, and being resident in the district, or the 
like freehold and two years* residence in the district shall 
be necessary to qualify a man as an elector of a represent- 
ative. 

The representative thus elected shall serve for the term of 
two years, and, in case of the death of a representative, or re- 
moval from office, the governor shall issue a writ to the 
coun-ty or township for which he was a member to elect 
another in his stead, to serve for the residue of the term. 

The General Assembly, or legislature, shall consist of the 
governor, legislative council, and a house of representatives. 
The legislative council shall consist of five members, to con- 
tinue in office five years, unless sooner -removed by Congress, 
any three of whom to be a quorum, and the members of the 
council shall be nominated and appointed in the following 
manner, to wit: As soon as -representatives shall be elected, 
the governor shall appoint a time and place for them to meet 
together, and, when met, they shall nominate ten persons, 
residents in the district, and each possessed of a freehold, 
in five hundred acres of land, and return their names to 
Congress; five of whom congress shall appoint and com- 
mission to serve as aforesaid; and whenever a vacancy shall 



30 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



happen in the council, by death or removal from office, the 
house of representatives shall nominate two persons , qualified 
as aforesaid, for each vacancy, and return their names to 
Congress; one of whom congress shall appoint and commis- 
sion for the residue of the term, and every five years, four 
months at least before the expiration of the time of service 
of the members of the council, the said house shall nominate 
ten persons, qualified as aforesaid, and return their names to 
Congress, five of whom Congress shall appoint and commis- 
sion to serve as members of the council five years, unless 
sooner removed. And the governor, legislative council, and 
the house of representatives, shall have authority to make 
laws, in all cases for the good government of the district, 
not repugnant to the principles and articles in this ordinance 
established and declared. And all bills, having passed by a 
majority in the house, and by a majority in the council, 
shall be referred to the governor for his assent: but no bill 
or legislative act whatever, shall be of any force without 
his assent. The governor shall have power to convene, pro- 
rogue and dissolve the General Assembly, when in his opinion 
it shall be expedient. 

The governor, judges, legislative council, secretary, and 
such other officers as Congress shall appoint in the district 
shall take an oath or affirmation of fidelity and of office; the 
governor before the president of congress ; and all other 
officers before the governor. As soon as a legislature shall be 
formed in the district, the council and house assembled, in one 
room, shall have authority, by joint ballot, to elect a delegate 
to Congress, who shall have a seat in Congress, with a right 
of debating, but not of voting during this temporary govern- 
ment. 

And for extending the fundamental principles of civil and 
religious liberty, which form the basis whereon these repub- 
lics, their laws, and constitutions are erected; to fix and 
establish those principles as the basis of all laws, constitu- 
tions, and governments which forever hereafter shall be form- 
ed in the said Territory; to provide, also, for the establish- 
ment of States, and permanent government therein, and for 
their admission to a share in the federal councils on an equal 
footing with the original States, at as early periods as may be 
consistent with the general interest: 

It is hereby ordained and declared, by the authority afore- 
said, That the following articles shall be considered as ar- 
ticles of compact, between the original States and the people 
and States in the said territory, and forever remain un- 
alterable, unless by common consent, to wit: 

Art. 1. No person, demeaning himself in a pea<ieable 
and orderly manner, shall ever be molested on account of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 31 

his mode of worship or religious sentiments, in the said 
Territory. 

Art. 2. The inhabitants of the said Territory shall always 
be entitled to the benefits of the writ of habeas corpus, and 
of the trial by jury; of a proportionate representation of the 
people in the legislature, and of judicial proceedings accord- 
ing to the course of the common law. All persons shall be 
bailable, unless for capital offenses, where the proof shall 
be evident, or the presumption great. All fines shall be 
moderate, and no cruel or unusual punishments shall be 
inflicted. No man shall be deprived of his liberty or prop- 
erty, bu!t by the judgment of his peers, or the law of the land, 
and should the public exigencies make it necessary, for the 
common preservation, to take any person's property, or to 
demand his particular services, full compensation shall be 
made for the same. And, in the just preservation of .rights 
and property, it is understood and declared, that no law 
ought ever to be made, or have force in the said territory, that 
shall, in any manner whatever, interfere with, or affect private 
contracts or engagements, bona fide, and without fraud, pre- 
viously formed. 

Art. 3. Religion, morality, and knowledge, being nec- 
essary to good government, and the happiness of mankind, 
schools and the means of education shall forever be encourag- 
ed. The utmost good faith shall always be observed toward 
the Indians ; • their lands and property shall never be taken 
from them without their consent; and in their property, 
rights, and liberty, they shall never be invaded or disturbed, 
unless in just and lawful wars authorized by Congress; but 
laws founded in justice and humanity shall, from time to 
time, be made, for preventing wrongs being done to them, and 
for preserving peace and friendship with them. 

Art. 4. The said territory, and the States which may be 
formed therein, shall forever remain a part of this con- 
federacy of the United States of America, subject to the 
Articles of Confederation, and to such alterations therein as 
shall be constitutionally made; and "to all the acts and or- 
dinances of the United States, in Congress assembled, con- 
formable thereto. Ihe inhabitants and settlers in the said 
territory shall be subject to pay a part of the federal debts, 
contracted or to be contracted, and a proportional part of 
the expenses of government, to be apportioned on them by 
Congress, according to the same common rule and measure by 
which apportionments thereof shall be made op the other 
States; and the taxes for paying their proportion shall be 
laid and levied by the authority and direction of legislatures 
of the district or districts, or new States, as in the original 
States, within the time agreed upon by the United States, 
in Congress assembled. The legislatures of those districts, or 



32 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



new States, shall never interfere with the primary disposal, 
of the soil by the United States in Congress assembled, nor 

* with any iregulations Congress may find necessary, for se- 
curing the title in such soil , to the bona fide purchasers. No 
tax shall be imposed on lands, the property of the United 

• States ; and in no case shall non-resident proprietors be taxed 
higher than residents. The navigable waters leading into the 
Mississippi and St. Lawrence, and the carrying places be- 
tween the same, shall be common 'highways, and forever 
free, as well to the inhabitants of the said territory as to the 
citizens of the United States, and those of any other States 
that may be admitted into the Confederacy, without any tax, 
impost, or duty therefor. 

Art. 5. There shall be formed in the said territory not less 
than three, nor more than five States ; and the boundaries of the 
States, as soon as Virginia shall alter her act of cession, and 
consent to the same, shall become fixed and established as 
follows, to wit: the western State in the said territory, shall 
be bounded by the Mississippi, the Ohio, and Wabash rivers; 
a direct line drawn from the Wabash and Post Vincents, due 
north, to the territorial line between the United States and 
Canada; and by the said territorial line to the Lake of the 
Woods and Mississippi. The middle States shall be bounded 
by the said direct line, the Wabash, from Post Vincents to 
the Ohio, by the Ohio, by a direct line drawn due north from 
the mouth of the Great Miami to the said territorial line, and 
by the said territorial line. The eastern State shall be bound- 
ed by the last mentioned direct line, the Onio, Pennsylvania, 
and the said territorial line: provided, however, and it 
is further understood and declared, that the boundaries of 
these three States shall be subject so far to be altered, that 
if congress shall hereafter find it expedient, they shall 
have authority to form one or two States in that part of the 
said territory which lies north of an east and west line drawn 
through the southerly bend or extreme of Lake Michigan. 
And whenever any of the said States shall have sixty thousand 
free inhabitants therein, such State shall be admitted by its 
delegates, into the Congress of the United States, on an 
equal footing with the original States, in all respects what- 
ever; and shall be at liberty to form a permanent constitu- 
tion and State government ; provided the constitution and 
government, so to be formed, shall be republican, and in 
conformity to the principles contained in these articles; and, 
so far as can be consistent with the general interest of the 
Confederacy, such admission shall be aUowed at an earlier 
period, and when there may be a less number of free in- 
habitants in the State than sixty thousand. 

Art. 6. There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary 
servitude in the said territory, otherwise than in the punish- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 33 

meiit of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly con- 
victed; provided, always, that any person escaping into the 
same, from whom labor or service is lawfully claimed in any 
one of the original States, such fugitive may be lawfully 
reclaimed, and conveyed to the person claiming his or her 
labor or service as aforesaid. 

Be it ordained by the authority aforesaid, That the reso- 
lutions of the 23d of April, 1784, relative to the subject of 
this ordinance, be, and the same are hereby, repealed, and 
declared null and void. 

Done by the United States, in Congress assembled, the 
13th day of Julv, in the year of our Lord 1787, and of their 
sovere'ignity and independence the 12th. 

CHARLES THOMSON, 

Secretary. 



Blue Book 5 



CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 

OF AMERICA 



[Note — The constitution was adopted September 17, 1787, by 
the unanimous consent of the states present in the convention ap- 
pointed in pursuance of the resolution of the congress of the con- 
federation, of February 21, 1787, and was ratified by the con- 
ventions of the severat states, as follows, viz: By convention of 
Delaware, December 7, 1787; Pennsylvania, December 12, 1787; 
New Jersey, December 18, 1787; Georgia, January 2, 1788; Con- 
necticut, January 9, 1788; Massachusetts, February 6, 1788; Mary- 
land, April 28, 1788; South Carolina, May 23, 1788; New Hampshire, 
June 21, 1788; Virgnia, June 26, 1788; New York, July 26, 1788; 
North Carolina, November 21, 1789; Rhode Island, May 20, 1790. 

The first ten of the amendments were proposed at the first ses- 
sion of the first congress of the United States, September' 25, 1789, 
and were finally ratified by the constitutional number of states, 
December 15, 1791. 

The eleventh amendment was proposed at the first session of the 
third congress, March 5, 1794, and was declared in a message from 
the president of the United States to both houses of congress, dated 
January 8, 1798, to have been adopted by the constitutional number 
of states. 

The twelfth amendment was proposed at the first session of 
the eighth congress, December 12, 1803, and was adopted by the 
constitutional number of states in 1804, according to public notice 
thereof by the secretary of state, dated September 25, 1804. 

The thirteenth amendment was proposed at the second session 
of the thirty-eighth congress February 1, 1865, and was adopted 
by the constitutional number of states in 1865. according to a public 
notice thereof by the secretary of state, dated December 18, 1865. 

The fourteenth amendment took effect July 28, 1868. 

The fifteenth amendment took effect March 30, 1870.] 

We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more 
perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquil- 
ity, provide for the common defense, promote the general 
welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves 
and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution 
for the United States of America. 

ARTICLE I. — The Congress. 

Section I. All legislative powers herein granted, shall be 
vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall con- 
sist of a senate and house of representatives. 

Sec. II. The house of representatives shall be composed 
of members chosen every second year by the people of the 
several states, and the electors in each state shall have the 
qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous 
branch of the state legislature. 




STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 35 

No person shall be a representative who shall not have 
attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven 
years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, 
when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he 
shall be chosen. 

Representatives * [and direct taxes shall be apportioned 
among the several states which may be included within this 
Union, according to their respective numbers, which shall 
be determined by adding to the whole number of free per- 
sons, including those bound to service for a term of years, 
and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other 
persons.] The actual enumeration shall be made within 
three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the 
United States, and within every subsequent term of ten 
years, in such manner as they shall by law direct The 
number of representatives shall not exceed one for every 
tWrty thousand, but each state shall have at least one 
representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, 
the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose 
three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence 
Plantations one, Connecticut five. New York six. New Jer- 
sey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, 
Viirginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and 
Georgia three. 

When vacancies happen in the representation- from any 
state, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of 
election to fill such vacancies. 

The house of representatives shall choose their speaker 
and other officers; and shall have the sole power of im- 
peachment. 

Sec* III. The senate of the United States shall be com- 
posed of two senators from each state, chosen by the legis- 
lature thereof, for six years; and each senator shall have 
one vote. 

Immediately after they shall be assembled in conse- 
quence of the first election, they shall be divided as equalJy 
as may be into three classes. The seats of the senators of 
the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the sec- 
ond year; of the second class at the. expiration of the fourth 
year; and of the third class at the expiration of the sixth 
year, so that one-third may be chosen every second year; 
and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise dur- 
ing the 'recess of the legislature of any state, the executive 
thereof may make temporary appointments until the next 
meeting of the legislature, which shall then fill such vacan- 
cies. 

•The clause included in brackets is amended by the fourteenth 
amendment. 




36 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

— — — ■ I I ■ ■ ■ I ^ I 11 ■ ■ ■ I ■■■■■■ .1 — !■ ■ — 11 [.[■■■■■» »■■■! IIIMIM 11 ■■ ■! I 1^ 

No person shall be a senator who shall not have attained 
to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen oi 
the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an 
inhabitant of that state for which he shall be chosen. 

The vice president of the United States shall be president 
of the senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally 
divided. 

The senate shall choose their other officers, and also a 
president pro tempore, in the absence of the vice president, 
or when he shall exercise the office of the president of the 
United States. 

The senate shall have the sole power to try all impeach- 
ments. When sitting for that purpose they shall be on 
oath or affirmation. When the president of the United 
States is tried the chief justice shall preside; and no per- 
son shall be convicted without the concurrence of two- 
thirds of the members present. 

Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend 
further than to removal from office, and disqualification to 
hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under the 
United States; but the party convicted shall nevertheless 
be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment and 
punishment according to law. 

Sec. IV. The times, places and manner of holding elect- 
tions for senators and representatives, shall be prescribed 
in each state by the legislature thereof; but the Congress 
may at any time by law make or alter such regulations, 
except as to the places of choosing senators. 

The congress shall assemble at least once in every year, 
and such meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, 
unless they shall by law appoint a different day. 

Sec. V. Each house shall be the judge of the el«ctions, 
returns and qualifications of its own members, and a ma- 
jority of each shall constitute a quorum to do business; 
but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and 
may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent mem- 
bers, in such manner, and under such penalties as each 
house may provide. 

Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, 
punish its members for disorderly behavior and, with the 
concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member. 

Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and 
from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts 
as may in their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas 
and nays of the members of either house on any question 
shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered 
on the journal. 

Neither house during the session of congress, shall 
without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 37 

three days, nor to any other place than that in which the 
two houses shall be sitting. 

§ec. VI. The senators and representatives shall receive 
a compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, 
and paid out of the treasury of the United States. They 
shall in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the 
peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance 
at the session of their respective houses, and in going to and 
returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in 
either house they shall not be questioned in any other 
place. 

No senator or representative shall, during the time for 
which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under 
the authority of the United States which shall have .been 
created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been in- 
creased during sudi time; and no person holding any office 
under the United States, shall be a member of either house 
during his continuance in office. 

Sec. VII. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in 
the hot>se of representatives; but the senate may propose 
or concur with amendments as on other bills. 

Every bill which shall have passed the house of represen- 
tatives and the senate, shall, before it become a law, be 
presented to the president of the United States; if he ap- 
prove he shall sig^n it, but if not he shall return it, with 
his objections, to that house in whiqji it shall have origin- 
ated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, 
and proceed to consider it. If after such reconsideration 
two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass the bill, it shall 
be sent, together with the objections, to the other house, by 
which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by 
two-thirds of that house, it shall become a law. But in all 
such cases the votes of both houses shall be determined by 
yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and 
against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each 
house respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by 
the president within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it 
shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law, 
in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the congress by 
their adjournment prevent its return, in Which case it shall 
not be a law. 

Every order, resolution or vote to which the concurrence 
of the senate and house of representatives may be neces- 
cary, (except on a question of adjournment) shall be pre- 
sented to the president of the United States; and before the 
same shall take effect, shall be approved by him, or being 
-disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two-thirds of the 
senate and house of representatives, according to the rules 
and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill. 



38 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Sec. VIII. The congress shall have the power: 

To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to 
pay the debts and provide for the common defense, and gen- 
eral welfare of the United States: but all duties, imposts 
and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States. 

To borrow money on the credit of the United States. 

To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among 
the -several states, and with the Indian tribes. 

To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and uni- 
form laws on the subject of bankruptcies thTOughout the 
United States. 

To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign 
coin, and fix the standards of weights and measures. 

To provide for the punis'hment of counterfeiting the se- 
curities and current coin of the United States. 

To establish post offices and post roads. 

To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by 
securing for limited times to authors and inventors the 
exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. 

To constitute tribunals inferior to. the supreme court. 

To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on 
the high seas and offenses against the law of nations. 

To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and 
make rules concerning captures on land and water. 

To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of 
money to that use shall be for a longer term than two 
years. 

To provide and maintain a navy. 

To make rules for the government and regulation of the 
land and naval forces. 

To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws 
of the union, suppress insurrections and repel invasions. 

To provide for organizing, arming and disciplining the 
militia, and for governing such part of them as may be em- 
ployed in the service of the United States, reserving to the 
states, respectively, the appointment of the officers and the 
authority of training the militia according to the discipline 
prescribed by congress. 

To exercise exclusive legislation, in all cases whatsoever, 
over such district, (not exceeding ten miles square), as may 
by cession . of particular states, and the acceptance of con- 
gress, become the seat of the government of the United 
States, and to exercise like authority over all places pur- 
chased by the consent of the legislature of the state in which 
the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, ar- 
senals, dockyards, and other needful buildings; and 

To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper 
for carrying into execution the foregoing powers and all 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA . 39 

Other powers vested by this constitution in the government 
of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof. 

Sec. IX. The migration or importation of such persons 
as any of the states now existing shall think proper to ad- 
mit, shall not be prohibited by the congress prior to the 
year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or 
duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding 
ten dollars for each person. / 

The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be 
suspended unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion 
the public safety may require it. 

No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed. 

No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid unless in 
proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore di- 
rected to be taken. 

No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any 
state. 

No preference shall be given by any regulation of 
commerce or revenue to the ports of one state over those of 
another; nor shall vessels bound to, or from, one state, be 
obliged to enter, clear or pay duties in another. 

No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in con- 
sequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular 
statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of 
all public money shall be published from time to time. 

No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States; 
and no person hofding any office of profit or trust under 
them, shall, without the consent of the congress, accept of 
any present, emolument, office, or title, of any kind what- 
ever, from any king, prince or foreign state. 

Sec. X. No state shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or 
confederation ; grant letters of marque and reprisal ; coin 
money; emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and 
silver coin a tender in payment of debts ; pass any bill of 
attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation 
of contracts, or grant any title of nobility. 

No state shall witTiout the consent of the congress, lay any 
imposts or duties on imports or exports, except what may 
be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws, 
and the net produce of all duties and imposts laid by any 
state on imports or exports, shall be for the use of the treas- 
ury of the United States; and all such laws shall be subject 
to the "revision and control of the congress. 

No state shall, without the consent of the congress, lay any 
duty of tonnage, keep troops, or ships of war in time 
of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with an- 
other state, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, un- 
less actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as 
will not admit of delay. 



40 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

ARTICLE II.— The Executive. 

Section I. The executive power shall 'be vested in a pres- 
ident of the United States of America. He shall hold his 
office during the term of four years, and, together with the 
vice president, chosen for the same term, be elected, as 
follows : 

Each state shall appoint, in such manner as the legisla- 
ture thereof may direct a number of electors, equal to the 
whole number of senators and representatives to which the 
state may be entitled in the congress, but no senator or 
representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit 
under the United States, shall be appointed an elector. 

The congress may determine the time of choosing the 
electors, and the day on which they shall give their votes; 
which day shall be the same throughout the United States. 

No person except a natural born citizen or a citizen of the 
United States at • the time of the adoption of this constitu- 
tion shall be eligible to the office of president, neither shall 
any person be eligible to that office who shall not have at- 
tained to the age of thirty-five years, and been fourteen 
years a resident -within the United States. 

In case of the removal of the president from office, or of 
his death, resignation, or inaibility to discharge the powers 
and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on the 
vice president; and the congress may, by law, provide for 
the case of removal, death, resignation or inability, both of 
the president and vice president, declaring what officer shall 
then act as president and such officers s-hall act accordingly, 
until the disability be removed, or a president shall be 
elected. 

The president shall, at stated times, receive for his ser- 
vices a compensation, which shall neither be increased nor 
diminished during the period for which he shall have been 
elected and he shall not receive within that period any 
other emolument from the United States , or any of them. 

Before he enter on the execution of his office, he shall 
take the following oath or affirmation : 

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully 
execute the office of president of the United States, and wi{I 
to the best of my ability, preserve, profect and defend the 
constitution of the United States." 

Sec. II. The president shall be commander-in-chief of 
the army and navy of the United States, and of the militia 
of the several states, when called into the actual service of 
the United States; he may require the opinion, in writing, 
of the principal officer in each of the executive departments, 
upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective 
offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and par- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 41 

dons for offenses against the United States, except in cases 
of impeachment. 

He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent 
of the senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the 
senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and 
with the advice and consent of the senate, shall appoint 
ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of 
the supreme court, and all other oflScers of the United 
States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise pro- 
vided for, and which shall be established by law; but the 
congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior 
officers, as they think proper, in the president alone, in the 
courts of law, or in the heads of departments. 

The president shall have power to fill up all vacancies 
that may happen during the recess of the senate, by grant- 
ing commissions which shall expire at the end of their next 
session. 

Sec III. He shall from time to time give to the congress 
information of the state of the union ,^ and recommend to 
their consideration such measures as he shall judge neces- 
sary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, 
convene both houses, or either of them; and in case of dis- 
agreement between them, with respect to the time of ad- 
journment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall 
think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other pub- 
lic ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully 
executed, and shall commission all the officers of the United 
States. 

Sec. IV. The president, vice president and all civil offi- 
cers of the United States, shall be removed from office on 
impeachment for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or 
other high crimes and misdemeanors. 

ARTICLE III.— The Judiciary. 

Section I. The judicial power of the United States shall 
be vested in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts 
as the congress may from time to time ordain and establish. 
The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall 
hold their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated 
times,- receive for their services, a compensation, which 
shall not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

Sec. II. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in 
law and equity, arising under this constitution, the laws of 
the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be 
made, under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassa- 
dors, other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of ad- 
miralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to 
which the United States shall be a party; to controversies 
between two or more states; between a state and citizens of 



42 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

another state; between citizens of different states; between 
citizens of the same state claiming lands under grants of 
different states, and between a state, or the citizens there- 
of, and foreign states, citizens or subjects. 

In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers 
and consuls, and those in which a state shall be a party, the 
supreme court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the 
other cases before mentioned, thfe supreme court shall have 
appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such 
exceptions, and under such regulations as the congress shall 
make. 

The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, 
shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the state 
where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when 
not committed within any state, the trial shall be at such 
place or places as the congress may by law have directed. 

Sec. III. Treason against the United States shall consist 
only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their 
enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall 
be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two wit- 
nesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. 

The congress shall have power to declare the punishment 
of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work corrup- 
tion of blood, or forfeiture except during the life of the per- 
son attained. 

ARTICLE IV.— The States and Territories. 

Section I. Full faith and credit shall be given in each 
state, to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings 
of every other state. And the congress may by general 
laws prescribe the manner in which such acts, records and 
proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof. 

Sec. II. The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all 
privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states. 

A person charged in any state with treason, felony or 
other crime, who shall flee from justice and be found in an- 
other state, shall, on demand of (the executive authority of 
the state from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed 
to the state having jurisdiction of the crime. 

No person held to service or labor in one state, under the 
laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence 
of any la,w or regulation therein, be discharged from such 
service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the 
party to whom such service or labor may be due. 

Sec. III. New states may be admitted by the congress 
into this union ; but no new state shall be formed or erected 
within the jurisdiction of any other state; nor any state be 
formed by the junction of two or more states, or parts of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 43 



States, without the consent of the legislatures of the states 
concerned as well as of the congress. 

The congress shall have power to dispose of and make all 
needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or 
other property belonging to the United States; and nothing 
in this constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice 
any claims of the United States, or of any particular state. 

Sec IV. The United States shall guarantee to every state 
in this union a republican form of government, and shall 
protect each of them against invasion; and on application 
of the legislature, or of the executive, (when the legislature 
cannot be convened) against domestic violence. 

ARTICLE V. — Amendments. 

The congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall 
deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this con- 
stitution, or, on tlTe application of the legislatures of two- 
thirds of the several states, shall call a convention for pro- 
posing amendments, which in either case, shall be valid, to 
afU intents and purposes, as part of this constitution, when 
ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several 
states, or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, as the 
one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by 
the congress; provided, that no amendment which may be 
made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and 
eight shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses 
in the ninth section of the first article; and that no state, 
without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage 
in the senate. 

ARTICLE VI. — Miscellaneous Business. 

All debts contracted and engagements entered into 

before the adoption of this constitution, shall be as 

valid against the United States under this constitution, as 
under the confederation. 

This constitution, and the laws of the United States 
which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties 
made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the 
United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and 
the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything 
in the constitution or laws of any state to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

The senators and representatives before mentioned, and 
the members of the several state legislatures, and all 
executive and judicail officers, both of the United States and 
of the several states, shall be bound by oath or affirmation, 



44 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



to support this constitution; but no religious test, shall 
ever be required as a qualification to any office or public 
trust und6r the United Sta/tes. . ' 

ARTICLE VII.— Ratification. 

The ratification of the conventions of nine states shall be 
sufficient for the establishment of this constitution between 
the states so ratifying the same. 

Done in convention by the unanimous consent of the 
states present, the seventeenth day of September, in the 
year of our Lord on«e thousand seven hundred and 
eighty-seven, and of the independence of the United 
States of America, .the twelfth. 
In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our 
names. 
- Go: Washington, Presdt. 

And Deputy from Virginia. 



John Langdon. 

Nathaniel Gorham, 

Wm. Saml. Johnson, 
Alexander Hamilton. 



Wil: Livingston, 
David Brearley, 



B. Franklin, 
Tho : Fitzsimons , 
Robt. Morris, 
Thomas Mifflin, 



New Hampshire. 

Nicholas Gilman. 
Massachusetts. 

Rufus King. 
Connecticut. 

Roger Sherman. 
. New York. 

New Jersey. 

Wm. Patterson, 
Jona. Dayton. 

Pennsylvania. 

Geo: Clymer, 
Jared Ingersoll, 
James Wilson, 
Gouv : Monris. 

Delaware. 



Richard Bassett, 
Jaco. Broom. 



Geo. Read, 

Gunning Bedford, Jun., 

John Dfckinson, 

Maryland. 

Dan of St. Thos. Jennifer, Daniel Carroll. 
James McHenry, 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 45 

Virginia. 

John Blair, James Madison, Jun. 

North Carolina. 

William Blount, Hu. Williamson. 

Richard Dobbs Spaight, 

South Carolina, 

J. Rutledge, , Charles Pinckney. 

Chas. Cotesworth Pinckney, Pierce Butler. 

Georgia, 
William Few, Abr. Baldwin. 

Attest: William Jackson, Secretary. 



AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION. 

ARTICLE I. 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment 
of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or 
abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the 
right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition 
the government for a redress of grievances. 

ARTICLE II. 

A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security 
of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear 
arms shall not be infringed. 

ARTICLE III. 

No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any 
house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of 
war but in a manner to be prescribed by law. 

ARTICLE IV. 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches 
and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants . shall 
issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirm- 
ation, and particularly describing the place to be .searched 
and the persons or things to be seized. 

ARTICLE V. 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or other- 
wise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indict- 



46 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

ment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land o: 
naval forces or in the militia, when in actual service in 
time of war or public danger, nor shall any person be sub- 
ject for the same offence to be t\vice put in jeopardy of life 
or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be 
a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty 
or property, without due process of law; nor shall private 
property be taken for public use without just compensation. 

ARTICLE VI. 

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the 
right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury of 
the state and district wherein the crime shall have been 
committed, which district shall have been previously ascer- 
tained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause 
of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses 
against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining wit- 
nesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel 
for his defense. 

ARTICLE VII. 

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy 
shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall 
be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise 
re-examined in any court of the United States, than accord- 
ing to the rules of the common law. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines 
imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 

ARTICLE IX. 

The enumeration in the constitution of certain rights, 
shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained 
by the people. 

ARTICLE X. 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the 
constitution nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved 
to the states respectively, or to the people. 

ARTICLE XI. 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be con- 
strued to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced 
or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens 
of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign 
state. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 47 



ARTICLE XII. 

The electors shall meet in their respective states, and 
vote by ballot for president and vice president, one of 
whom, at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same 
state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the 
person voted for as president; and in distinct ballots the 
person voted for as vice president; and they shall make 
distinct lists of all persons voted for as president, and of 
all persons voted for as vice president, and of the number 
of votes for each; which lists they shall sign and certify, 
and transmit sealed to th€ seat of the government of 
the United States, directed to the president of the 
senate; tthe president of the senate shall in 
presence of the senate and house of representatives, 
open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be 
counted; the person having the greatest number of votes 
for president shall be the president, if such number be a 
majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if 
no person have such majority, then froih the persons hav- 
ing the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of 
those voted for as president, the house of representatives 
shall choose immediately, by ballot, the president. But in 
choosing the president, the votes shall be taken by states, 
the representation from each state having one vote; a 
quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or mem- 
bers from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the 
states shall be necessary to a choice. And if the house of 
representatives shall not choose a president whenever the 
right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth 
day of Maifch next following, then the vice president shall 
act as president as in the case of the death or other consti- 
tutional disability of the president. The person having 
the greatest number of votes as vice president shall be the 
vice president, if, such number be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed, and if no person have a ma- 
jority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the 
senate shall choose the vice president; a quorum for the 
purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of 
senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be 
necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally in- 
eligible to the office of president shall be eligible to that of 
vice president of the United States. 

ARTICLE XIIL 

Section 1. Neither slavery^ nor involuntary servitude, ex- 
cept as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall 
have been duly convicted, shall exist^ within the United 
States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. 



48 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Sec. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article 
by appropriate legislation. 

ARTICLE XIV. 

Section 1. All persons bom or naturalized in the United 
States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens 
of the United States, and of the state wherein they reside. 
No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge 
the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United 
States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, lib- 
erty, or property, without due process of law,, nor deny to 
any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of 
the laws. 

Sec. 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the 
several states according to their respective numbers, count- 
ing the whole number of persons in each state, excluding 
Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any^ elec- 
tion for the choice of electors for president and vice presi- 
dent of the United States, representatives in congress, the 
executive and judicial officers of a state, or the members of 
the legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhab- 
itants of such state, being twenty-one years of age, and citi- 
zens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except 
for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of 
representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion 
which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the 
whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in 
such state. 

Sec. 3. No person shall be a senator or reoresentative in 
congress, or elector of president or vice oresident, or hold 
any office civil or military, under the United States, or 
under any state, who, having previously taken an oath, as 
a member of congress, or as an officer of the United States, 
or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive 
or judicial officer of any state, to support the constitution of 
the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection, or re- 
bellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the ene- 
mies thereof. But congress may by a vote of two-thirds of 
each house, remove such disabilitv. 

Sec. 4. The validity of the public debt of the United 
States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for 
payment of pensions and bounties for services, in sup- 
pressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. 
But neither the United States nor any state shall assume or 
pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or 
rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss 
or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obliga- 
gations and claims shall be held illegal and void. 

Sec. 5. The congress shall have power to enforce by ap- 
propriate legislation; the provisions of this article. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 49 

ARTICLE XV. 

Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to 
vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States 
or by any state, on account of race, color, or previous con- 
dition of servitude. 

Sec. 2. The congress shall have power to enforce this 
article by appropriate legislation. 



Blae Book 6 



HISTORICAL 



Dakota is an Indian name and signifies "confederated" 
or "leagued together," and applied originally to the Sioux 
confederation of Indians. The present state of North Da- 
kota, together with that of South Dakota, was a part of the 
territory purchased in 1803 of France by President Thomas 
Jefferson for the sum of fifteen million dollars and the 
assumption of certain claims held by citizens of the United 
States against France, which made the purchase amount 
to twenty-seven million two hundred and sixty-seven thou- 
sand and six hundred and twenty-one dollars and ninety- 
eight cents ($27,267,621.98), and was known as the Loui- 
siana purchase. 

October 1, 1803, that part of the new purchase lying south 
of . Arkansas was formed into the "Territory of Orleans;" 
the remaining portion, which includes the states of Arkan- 
sas, Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota, Kansas, Nebraska, part of 
Colorado, North and South Dakota, the Indian Territory 
and a part of Wyoming was formed into th€ district of 
Louisiana, and the governing power was vested in a gov- 
ernor and judge of what was then known as the Indian Ter- 
ritory. President Jefferson having great confidence in the 
future greatness of the west, sent in 1804, an exploring ex- 
pedition in charge of Captains Lewis and Clark, who were 
the first to traverse the entire length of the Missouri river, 
and in 1804-5-6 gave the world the first general account 
of Dakota. Lewis and Clark camped the first winter in 
latitude 47 degrees, 21 minutes, 23 seconds — among the 
Mandan Indians, at Fort Mandan, which was some twelve or 
fifteen miles above Washburn in McLean county. 

The first mention of the country west of the great lakes 
was made by Nicollet, sent out by the French authorities 
at Quebec in 1639. Nicollet called the inhabitants Nad- 
suessioux, which was abbreviated into Sioux by the later 
French explorers. The Sioux were warlike and the enemy 
of all other tribes, hence the name of Sioux, or enemy. 

July 1, 1805, congress designated the District of Louisiana 
as the territory of the same name, and placed the legisla- 
tive power in the hands of a governor and three judges 
named by the president and confirmed by the senate of 
the United States. December 7, 1812, the name of the 
territory was changed to "Territory of Missouri," and lim- 
ited power was granted the people residing therein to elect 
a legislative body. June 28, 1834, congress created the ter- 
ritory of Michigan, which included that part of Dakota, 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 51 

North and South, lying east of the Missouri and White 
Earth rivers, and including the present states of Michigan, 
Wisconsin, Iowa and Minnesota. The territory of Wiscon- 
sin was established July 3, 1836, and included that part of 
the state of North Dakota lying east of the Missouri and 
White Earth rivers. June 12, 1838, the territory of Iowa 
was organized, including part of the present state of North 
Dakota; March 3, 1849, the territory of Minnesota was 
established, which covered that part of the state of North 
Dakota lying east of the Missouri river; May 30, 1854, the 
territory of Nebraska was organized and that part of the 
states of North and South Dakota lying west of the Mis- 
souri and White. Earth rivers, and which previous to 
that time had been known as "Mandan Territory," was in- 
cluded in Nebraska Territory. 

Minnesota became a state on the 11th day of May, 1858; 
from that date until the second day of March, 1861, all that 
part of both North and South Dakota east of tfie Missouri 
and White Earth rivers was without legal name or exist- 
ence. 

The bill incorporating \ the present states of North and 
South Dakota as Dakota Territory was signed by President 
Buchanan on March 2, 1861. On May 27th thereafter 
President Lincoln appointed as the first governor of Dakota 
Territory Dr. William Jayne, of Springfield, 111. Dr. Jayne 
had been a young man who grew up as a physician while 
Lincoln was developing as a lawyer in Springfield, the 
then new capital of Illinois, and a close personal friendship 
had existed between the two until Lincoln had become 
president of the United States; and in recognition of the 
friendship of his earlier days he appointed Dr. Jayne as 
the first governor of what was then to his mind the most 
promising territory vet organized. 

The employes of various fur companies were the first 
white settlers of the territory of Dakota. As early as 1808 
the government estaBlished Fort Clark on the Missouri 
at the mouth of the Knife river — a point about seven miles 
up the river from where Lewis and Clark had in 1804-5 spent 
the winter and established what they called Fort Mandan. 
In 1811 Lord Selkirk built a fort at Pembina on the Red 
river a short distance below the international boundary 
line. Fort Pierre was built in 1829 and the first steamer 
ascended the Missouri river in 1830. In 1839 Gen. John C. 
Fremont crossed over the country from the Missouri to the 
James rivers thence across the country to Devils Lake. 
Catlin, the famous Indian painter, whose collection* the 
largest in the world, of pictures of noter Indian chiefs — 
now owned by the government and on exhibit in the 
national museum at Washington — traveled over the coun- 
try in 1841. A majority of these pictures were painted 



52 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

•from sittings in life. Captain Pope's map of a trip to the 
Red river in 1849, and which is now on file in the war de- 
partment at Washington, designates all the country around 
Devils Lake as a '"Salt water region," and Lieutenant War- 
ren, who explored the "Dacouta" country under the direc- 
tion of the government in 1855 said the territory was occu- 
pied by powerful tribes of roving savages and "is only 
adapted to a mode of life like theirs." 

Gov. William Jayne arrived at Yankton, which was desig- 
nated in .the act organizing the territory of Dakota, as the 
territorial capital, on May 27, 1861, and proceeded to the 
organization of a territorial government. Yankton re- 
mained the capital from that date until the 2nd day of 
June, 1883, when it was removed from Yankton to Bis- 
marck, which remained the territorial capital until the for- 
mation of the states of North and South Dakota. The ter- 
ritorial legislature passed an act in 1883 providing for the 
removal of the territorial capital from Yankton to a point 
designated by commissioners appointed for the location of 
the new capital. The following persons were appointed as 
such commissioners, viz: Alexander McKenzie, Milo W. 
Scott, Burleigh F. Spalding, Charles H. Myers, George A. 
Matthews, Alexander Hughes, Henry H. DeLong, John P. 
Belding and M. D. Thompson. The capital commission, at 
a session held in the city of Fargo, on the 2nd day of June, 
1883, located the territorial capital at Bismarck. The act 
provided that $100,000 and 160 acres of land should be 
donated to the state for capitol purposes as a condition of 
the location of the seat of government. The citizens of Bis- 
marck by voluntary subscription contributed $100,000 in cash 
and 320 acres of land. 

A bill known as the "omnibus bill" and which was an 
act dividing the territory of Dakota into the states of North 
and South Dakota, and enabling the two Dakotas, Montana 
and Washington to formulate constitutions, was approved 
February 22, 1889, and a constitutional convention was 
held at Bismarck, beginning July 4, 1889. A constitution 
was formulated and submitted to a vote of the people of 
the state of North Dakota at an election called for that 
purpose, and to elect state officers, October 1, 1889. There 
were 27,440 votes cast for and 8,107 against the adoption 
of the constitution. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



S3 



TERRITORIAL AND LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS 



FROM THE 



Organization of Dakota Territory, 1861. 



TERRITORIAL OFFICERS. 



Delegates to Congress. 

In its twenty-eight years of existence as a territory, there were 
delegates to congress as follows: 



J. B. S. Todd 1862-64 

W. A. Burleigh 1864-69 

S. L. Spink 1869-71 

M. K. Armstrong 1871-75 

J. P. Kidder 1875-79 



G. G. Bennett 1879-81 

R. F. Pettigrew 1881-83 

J. B. Raymond 1883-85 

Oscar S. Giflford 1885-88 

Geo. A. Mathews 1888-89 



Note — Geo. A. Mathews was elected delegate to congress in ■ Novem- 
ber, 1888, his term to commence March 4, 1899. Congress did not 
convene until December following. Before that time statehood had 
been accomplished and he was therefore never sworn in. , 



Governors. 

William Jayne 1861-63 | ** William A. Howard 1878-80 

Newton Edmunds 1863-66 | Nehemiah G. Ordway 1880-84 

Andrew J. Faulk 1866-69 Gilbert A. Pierce 1884-87 

John A. Burbank 1869-74 1 Loius K. Church 1887-89 

John L. Pennington 1874-78 j Arthur C. Melette 1889 



Secretaries. 



Tohn Hutchinson 1861-65 

S. L. Spink 1865-69 

T. M. Wilkins 1869-70 

G. A. Batchelder 1870-72 

* E. S. McCook 1872-73 



Oscar Whitney 1873-74 

Geo. H. Hand 1874-83 

J. M. Teller 1883-86 

Michael L. McCormack 1886-89 

L. B. Richardson 1889 



Chief Justices. 



Philemon Bliss 1861-64 

Ara Bartlett 1865-69 

George W. French 1869-73 



Peter C. Shannon 1873-81 

A. J. Edgerton 1881-85 

Bartlett Tripp 1885-89 



•Assassinated in office September, 1873, by Peter P. Wintermutc. 
**Died in office, April 10, 1880. 



IFCISLATIVE MANUAL 



Associate Justices. 



V 


* '*^'.M1,V*,S^ 


1861-65 




V XX': ',trff>«. 


1861-64 


\ 


»■". - V >•» 


1864-65 


v^ 


'^ ^ ■^'eW*' . . 


1866-66 




\-'^* 


1865-75 


V 


A V ^> y 


1864-69 


\\ 


V\ ^"vNsV*;^^ . 


1869-73 


\ 


S » t "<,%>» 


1878-81 


t 


< > --^v^S • . . 


1875-79 


^ 


X V '-sK 


1878-83 


\ 


" ' \smv4 . V 


1878-83 


\ 


^ ''■*'^yii . . . . 


1883-87 


■s 


\ n.-u^n^ . . .. 


1881-85 



(c) W. E. Church 1883-86 

(c) Louis K. Church 1885-87 

(a) Seward Smith 1884-84 

W. H. Francis 1884-88 

John E. Carland 1887-89 

Wm. B. McConnell 1885-8S 

Charles M. Thomas 1886-89 

James Spencer 1887-89 

Roderick Rose 1888-89 

C. F. Templeton 1888-89 

L. W. Crofoot 1888-89 

Frank R. Aikens 1889 



United States Attorneys. 



\\vu 






»i 



t vav^^^im 1861-64 I Hugh J. Campbell 1877-85 

^. U \U\\k\ 1866-69 1 John E. Carland 1885-88 

. . u \ v*U*). 1869-73 I Wm. E. Purcell 1888-89 

\\vUMh^ iVund 1873-77 j John Murphy 1889 



United States Marshals. 



1 

\\iu i; >ivhrtrtrr 1861-61 

v", \l iSuhrv 1861-65 

i U iUvhfWM 1865-72 

I a MuulK'k 1872-77 



J. B. Raymond 1877-81 

Harrison Allen 1881-85 

Daniel W. Maratta 1885-89 



Surveyors General. 



Uv .. I* Hill 1861-65 

\\ ui i»u»i» 1865-69 

SV \i U Hrtidlc 1869-73 

\Via e. \Wwxy 1873-77 



Henry Experson 1877-81 

Cortez Fessendcn 1881-85 

Maris Taylor 1885-89 

B. H. Sullivan 1889 



Attorney Generals. 

\i.vaiu\p« Hughes 1883-84 I Charles F. Templeton 1887-88 

Ik.. H. Hicc 1884-86 | Tristam Skinner 1889 

ucu S. Knglc 1886 \ Johnson Nickeus 1889 

Auditors. 

\ M l»urdv 1881-82 I James A. Ward 1887-88 

Cici. I. Ordway 1883-84 J. C. McNamarra 1889 

L. \V. i'aldwcll 1885-86 j 

Treasurers. 



Jos. Bailey 1889 



t O. Tavlor 1863-64 1 W. H. McVay 1878-83 

M. K. Armstrong 1865-68 L W. Raymond 1883-87 

I . K. Uovcy 1869-70 ( 1. D. Lawler 1887-88 

. Sherman 1871-74 1 

K.lm (Mementson 1875-77 1 

ia') Suspended — went insane. 
ib> Died in office. 
U'^ Resigned. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



55 



Superintendents of Public Instruction. 



/ames S. Foster (ex-officio) 1864-68 
vT. McKendrick Stuart ...1869 

James S. Foster 1869-70 

J. W. Turner 1870-71 

E. W. Miller 1872-74 

J. J. Mclntyre 1875-76 



W. E. Caton 1877-78 

W. H. H. Beadle 1879-85 

A. Sheridan Jones 1885-87 

Eugene A. Dye 1887-89 

Leonard A. Rose 1889 



Commissioners of Railroads. 



Wm. M. Evens, cl\airman ..1886 

Alexander Griggs 1886 

W. H. McVay 1886 

Alexander Griggs, chairman. 1887 

A. Boynton 1887 

N. T. Smith ...1887 



Judson LaMoure, chairman 

John H. King , 

Harvey J. Rice 



.1880 
.1880 
.1880 



THE LEGISLATURE. 



First Session — 1862. 



The members of the first territorial assembly were elected Sept. 
16, 1861. The assembly convened at Yankton, March 17, 1862, and 
continued in session until May 15. The membership was as follows: 



CounciL 



H. D. Betts, 
J. W. Boyle, 
D. T. Bramble, 



John H. Shober, President. 

W. W. Brookings, J. S. Gregory, 

A. Cole, Enos Stutsman, 

Jacob Deuel, 



House. 



Moses K. Armstrong, 
Lyman Burgess, 
J. A. Jacobson, 
John C. McBride, 



Geo. M. Pinney, Speaker. 

Christopher Maloney, Hugh S. Donaldson, 

A. W. Pluett, Reuben Wallace, 

John Stanage, George P. Waldron, 

John L. Tiernon, B. E. Wood. 



Second Session — 1862-3. 



The second legislature met at Yankton, Dec. 1, 1862, and continued 
in session until Jan. 9, 1863. The membership was as follows: 



W. W. Brookings, 
Austin Cole, 
John W. Boyle, 



Council. 

Enos Stutsman, President. 

Jacob Deuel, 
D. T. Bramble, 
J. McFetridge, 



J H. Schober, 
J. Shaw Gregory, 
H. D. Betts. 



56 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



House. 

*A. J. Harlan, Speaker. 

Edward GiflFord, Knud Larson, 



M. K. Armstrong, 
L. Bothun, 
J. Y. Buckman, 
H. S. Donaldson, 
M. H. Somers, 

•Resigned December 16th, and succeeded by M. K. Armstrong. 



J. A. Jacobson, 
R. M. Johnson, 
G. P. Waldron, 



F. D. Pease, 
A. W. Pluett, 
N. J. Wallace. 



Third Session — 1863-4. 

The third session convened at Yankton, Dec. T, 1863, and con- 
tinued to Jan. 15, 1864. It had the following members: 

Council. 

Enos Stutsman, President. 

John Mathers, D. P. Bradford, 

Lasse Bothun, * J. Shaw Gregory, 
Hugh Compton, John J. Thompson. 

Franklin Taylor, 

House. 



J. M. Stone, 
G. W. Kingsbury, 
J. O. Taylor, 
M. M. Rich, 



H. Burgess, 
Ole Bottolfson, 
E. M. Bond, 
Wm. Shriner, 
G. W. Pratt, 
John Lawrence, 
Henry Brooks, 



A. W. Puett, Speaker. 

L. H. Litchfield, 
W. W. Brookings, 
Knud Larson, 
Washington Reed, 
P. H. Risling, 
E. W. Wall, 
Jessy Wherry, 



Peter Kegan, 
N. G. Curtis, 
Asa Mattison, 
B. A. Hill, 
Duncan Ross, 
Algert Gore. 



Fourth Session — 1864-5. 



The fourth session met at Yankton Dec. 5, 1864, and continued 
ito Jan. 13, 1865. The membership was as follows: 



ounci 



IL 



J. M. Stone, 
G. W. Kingsburry, 
J. O. Taylor, 
M. M. Rich, 



Enos Stutsman, President. 

John Mathers, D. P. Bradford, 

Lasse Bothun, J. Shaw Gregory, 

Hugh Compton, John J. Thompson. 
Franklin Taylor, 



H. Burgess, 
J. P. Burgman, 

A. Chritsy, 

B. W. Collar, 
Felicia Fallas, 
J. R. Hanson, 
Peter Kegan, 



House. 

W. W. Brookings, Speaker. 

Geo. W. Kellogg, G. W. Pratt, 



P. Lemouges, 
John Lawrence, , 
M. M. Mathiesen, 
Helge Matthews, 
Francis McCarthy, 
John W. Owens, 



Washington Reed, 
John Rouse, 
William Shiner, 
George Stickney, 
Tohn W. Turner, 
E. W. Wall. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



57 



Fifth Session— 1865^. 

The fifth session convened at Yankton Dec. 4, 1863, and continued 
to Jan. 12, 1866. It had the following members: 

Council. 

George Stickney, President. 

Nathaniel Ross, John W. Turner, 

Enos Stutsman, A. L. VanOsdel, 

O. F. Stevens, Knute Weeks. 
John J. Thompson, 

House. 



M. K. Armstrong, 
Austin Cole, 
G. W. Kingsbury, 
Chas. LaBreeche, 



T. C. Watson, 
E. C. Collins, 
William Walter, 
Michael Curry, 
Michael Ryan, 
James Whitehorn, 
H. J. Austin, 
Amos Hampton, 



G. B. Bigelow, Speaker. 

Franklin Taylor, 
James McHenry, 
Joseph Ellis, 
A. M. English, 
Jacob Branch, 
H. C. Ash, 
S. C. Fargo, 
W. W. Brookings, 



Jonathan Brown, 
J. A. Lewis, 
Chas. H. McCarthy, 
William Stevens, 
Edward Lent, 
Geo. W. Kellogg, 
Charles Cooper. 



Sixth Session — 1866-7. 



The sixth session convened at Yankton, Dec. 4, 1866, and contin- 
ued to Jan. 12, 1867. The membership was as follows: 



Austin Cole, 
A. G. Fuller, 
G. W. Kingsbury, 
Chas. LaBreeche, 



Council. 

M. K. Armstrong, President. 

J. A. Lewis, John J. Thompson, 

D. M. Ellis, John W. Turner, 

Nathaniel Ross, A. L. VanOsdel, 

O. F. Stevens, Knute Weeks. 

House. 



H. C. Ash, 
Horace T. Austin, 
D. T. Bramble, 
W. N. Collamer, 
Michael Curry, 
Hugh Fraley, 
Thomas Frick, 
I. T. Gore, 



J. B. S. Todd, Speaker. 

William Gray, 
Tans Gunderson, 
M. U. Hoyt, 
Daniel Hodgen, 
Amon Hanson, 
H. M. Johnson, 
Geo. W. Kellogg, 
Vincent La Belle, 



Chas. McCarthy, 
N. C. Stevens, 
William Stevens, 
John Trumbo, 
iFranklin Taylor, 
Eli B. Wixson, 
Kirwin Wilson, 



Seventh Session — 1867-8. 



Convened at Yankton, Dec. 2, 1867, and adjourned Jan. 10, 1868. 
The membership was as follows: 



W. W. Brookings, 
W. W. Benedict, 
Aaron Carpenter, 
R. I. Thomas, 



Council. 

Horace J. Austin, President. 

Hugh Fraley, J. A. Lewis, 

R. R. Green, Chas. H. Mclntyre, 

A. H. Hampton, D. M. Mills, 

Geo. W. Kellogg, C. F. Rossteucher. 



58 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



House. 

Enos Stutsman , Speaker. 



William Blair, 
William Brady, 
F. Bronson, 
Jacob Brauch, 
Jonathan Brown, 
Caleb Cummings, 
Michael Curry, 
F. J. De Witt, 



Martin V. Harris, 
Felicia Fallas, 
I. T. Gore, 
Hans Gunderson, 
Amos Hanson, 
M. U. Hoyt, 
John L. Jolley, 
James Kegan, 



G. C. M<5bdy, 
T. Nelson, 
Michael Ryan, 
Calvin G. Shaw, 
John J. Thompson, 
J. D« Tucker, 
Thomas C. Watson. 



Eighth Session — 1868-9. 



Convened at Yankton Dec. 7, 1868, and adjourned Jan. 15, 1869. 
It had the following membership: 



Horace T. Watson, 
W. W. Benedict. 
W. W. Brookings, 
Aaron Carpenter, 



Council. 

N. J. Wallace, President. ^ 

Hugh Fraley, J. A. Lewis, 

R. R. Green, Chas. H. Mclntyre, 

A. N. Hampton, C. F. Rossteucher, 

Geo. W. Kellogg, B. E. Wood. 

House. 



Alfred Abbott, 
Chas. D. Bradley, 
G. P. Bennett, 
Calvin M. Brooks, 
Jacob Brauch, 
John Clementson, 
N. G. Curtis, 
J. M. Eves, 



G. C. Moody, Speaker. 

J. Shaw Gregory, 
J. T. Hewlett, 
O. T. Haggin, 
John L. Jolley, 
A. W. Jameson, 
Hiram Keith, 
James Kegan, 
Lewis Larson, 



Knud Larson, 
J. La Roche, 
Joseph Moulin, 
Charles Ricker, 
Enos Stutsman, 
M. H. Somers, 
R. T. Vinson. 



Ninth Session— 1870-1. 



Convened at Yankton Dec. 5, 1870, and continued to Jan. 13, 
1871. The membership was as follows: 



M. K. Armstrong, 
Jacob Brauch, 
Wm. M. Cuppctt, 
Hugh Fraley, 



Council. 

Emery Morris, President. 

Silas W. Kidder, W. T. McKay, 

Nelson Miner, James M. Stone, 

Chas. H. Mclntyre, John W. Turner. 
J. C. Kennedy, 

House. 



George H. Hand, Speaker. 



Charles Allen, 
V. R. L. Barnes, 
F. J. Cross, 
C. P. Dow, 
A. P. Harmon, 
John Hancock, 
Wm. Hobrough, 
O. B. Iverson, 



H. A. Jerauld, 
James Kegan, 
J. La Roche, 
Nelson Learned, 
A. J. Mills, 
E. Minor, 
Noah Wherry, 



R. Mostow, 
S. L. Parker, 
Amos F. Shaw, 
Philip Sherman, 
John C. Sinclair, 
Ole Sampson, 
E. W. Wall, 



L 



■- -■*■- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



59 



Tenth Session — 1872-3. 

The tenth session met at Yankton, Dec. 2, 1872, and continued to 
Jan. 10, 1873. It had the following membership: 



D. T. Bramble, 

E. B. Crew, 
H. P. Cooley, 
J. Flick, 



Samuel Ashmore, 
Ole Bottolfson, 
John Becker. 
Jacob Brauch, 
Newton Clark, 
N. B. Campbell, 
Michael Glynn, 
William Hamilton, 
James Hyde, 



Council. 

Alexander Hughes, President. 

John Lawrence, Chas. H. Mclntyre, 

Nelson Miner, O. F. Stevens, 

Joseph Mason, Enos Stutsman, 

J. Gehan, Henry Smith. 

House. 



A. T. Mills, Speaker. 

Cyrus Knapp, 
T. A. Kingsbury, 
Judson LaMoure, 
E. A. Williams, 
Ephraim Miner, 
George Norbeck, 
Joseph Roberts, 
A. B. Wheelock. 



O. C. Peterson, 
Jens Peterson, 
Silas Rohr, 
Martin Trygstadt, 
J. W. Turner, 
Tohn Thompson, 
B. E. Wood, 
W. P. Lyman. 



Eleventh Session — 1874-5. 



Convened at Yankton Dec 7, 1874, and adjourned Jan. 15, 1875. 
The membership was as follows: 



H. J. Austin, 
Jacob Brauch, 
Philip Chandler, 
Benton Fraley, 



Council. 

John L. Jolley, President. 

G. W. Harlan, M. W. Sheafe, 

John Lawrence, O. F. Stevens, 

A. McHench, C. S. West, 

M. Pace, E. A. Williams. 

House. 

G. C. Moody, Speaker. 



H. O. Anderson, 
George Bosworth, 
Hector Bruce, 
J. L. Berry, 
L. Bothun, 
Michael Curry, 
Desire Chausse, 
J. M. Cleland, 
Patrick Hand, 



John H. Hass, 
Knud Larson, 
Joseph Zitka, 
H. N. Luce, 
W. T. McKay, ' 
Henry Reifsnyder, 
Amos F. Shaw, 
C. H. Stearns, 



Ira Ellis, 
L. Sampson, 
S. Sevenson, 
A. L. VanOsdel, 
M. M. Williams, 
Scott Wright, 
James M. Wohl, 
O. B. Larson. 



Twelfth Session — 1877. 



Convened at Yankton Jan. 9, 1877, and continued to Feb. 17, 1877. 
It had the following membership: 



Henry S. Back, 
M. ^W. Bailey, 
Wm. Duncan, 
Hans Gunderson, 



Council. 

W. A. Burleigh, President. 

Judson La Moure, R. F. Pettigrew, 

Nelson Miner, J. A. Potter, 

A. J. Mills, C. B. Valentine, 

Robert Wilson, J. A. Wallace. 



6() 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



House. 

D. C. Hagle, Speaker. 

M. O. Hexom, John Falde, 



E. Hackett, 
D. M. Inman, 
Erick Iverson, 
Chas. Maywold, 

F. M. Ziebach, 
Hans Myron, 
John Selberg, 



D. Stewart, 
Asa Sargent, 
John Tucker, 
Franklin Taylor, 
John Thompson, 
C. H. VanTassel, 
S. Soderstrom, 



J. M. Adams, 
A. L. Boe, 
H. A. Burke, 
•J. Q. Burbank; 
W. H. H. Beadle, 
T. S. Clarkson, 
G. S. S. Codington, 
W. F. Dunham, 
A. G. Hopkins, 

•Awarded the seat of D. M. Kelliher on the twenty-ninth day of the 
session. 

Thirteenth Session — 1879. 

Convened at Yankton and continued in session from Jan. 14 to 
Feb. 22, 1879. The following was the membership:: 

Council. 



Wm. M. Cuppett, 
M. H. Day, 

Ira Ellis, 
Newton Edmunds, 



Alfred Brown, 
J. Q. Burbank, 
P. N. Cross. 
D. W. Flick, 
A. B. Fockler, 
John R. Gamble, 
Ansley Gray, 
Hans Gunderson, 
Peter J. Hoyer, 



George H. Walsh, President. 

W. L. Kuykendall, S. G. Roberts, 

Nelson Miner, Silas Rohr, 

Robert Macnider C. B. Valentine, 

R. F. Pettigrew, H B. Wynn. 

House. 

John R. Jackson, Speaker. 

Nathan'l C. Whitfield, Michael Shely, 

Ole A. Helvig, A. Simonson, 

O. I. Hoseboe, James H. Stephens, 

A, Hoyt, D. Stewart, 

S. A. Johnson, Martin M. Trygstadt, 

John Langness, E. C. Walton, 

A. Manksch, J. F. Weber, 

J. M. Peterson, Canute Weeks. 

Fourteenth Session — 1881. 



Convened at Yankton and continued in session irom Jan. 11 to 
March 7, 1881. The membership was as follows: 



M. H. Day, 
Ira W. Fisher, 
John R. Gamble, 
John L. Jolley, 



James Baynes, 

F. J. Cross, 
L. B. French, 

G. H. Dickey, 
C. B. Kennedy, 
P. Landman, 

J. H. Miller, 
Knud Nomland, 



Council. 

George H. Walsh, President. 

J. A. J. Martin, John Walsh, 

J. O'B. Scovey, G. W. Wiggin, 

Amos F. Shaw, John R. Wilson. 
J. F. Wallace, 

House. 



J. A. Harding, Speaker. 

V. P. Thielman, 
A. Thome, 
P. Warner, 
S. A. Boyles, 
W. H. Donaldson, 
E. Ellefson, 
John D. Hale, 
D. M. Inman, 



Judson LaMourc, 
S. McBratney, 
I. Moore, 
S. Rohr, 

D. Thompson, 
A. L. VanOsdell, 

E. P. Wells. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



61 



Fifteenth Session — 1883. 

Convened at Yankton Jan. 9, and continued to March 9, 1883. 
The following was the membership: 



F. N. Burdick, 
J. R. Jackson, 
F. M. Ziebach, 
F. J. Washbaugh, 



Ira Ellis, 
M. C. Tychsen, 
John Thompson, 
W. B. Robinson, 
R. C. McAllister, 
F. P. Phillips, 
Geo. W. Sterling, 
W. A. Heinhart 



Council 

J. 0*B. Scobey, President. 

S. G. Roberts, 
H. J. Jerauld, 
Wm. P. Dewey, 
E. H. Mcintosh, 

House, 



Geo. H. Walsh, 
J. Nickeus, 
E. McCauley. 



E. A. Williams, Speaker. 



E. M. Bowman, 
G. P. Harvey, 
D. M. Inman, 
H. Van Woert, 
J. B. Wynn, 
B. R. Wagner, 
John C. Pyatt, 
George Rice, 



Wm. H. Lamb, 
J. W. Nowlin, 

A. A. Choteau, 
O. M. Towner, 

B. W. ^Benson, 
L. J. Alfred, 
N. E. Nelson. 



Sixteenth Session — 1885. 



Convened at Bismarck Jan. 13, and continued to March 13, 1885. 
The membership was as follows: 



A. C. Huetson, 
Wm. Duncan, 
John R. Gamble, 

A. Sheridan Jones, 

B. R. Wagner, 
A. M. Bowdle, 
R. F. Pettigrew, 
Geo. R. Farmer, 



Ole Helvig, 
John Larson, 
Ell Dawson, 
Hans Myron, 
A. L. Van Osdel, 
Hugh Langan, 
J. P. Ward, 
J. H. S wanton, 
A. J. Parshall, 
Mark Ward, 
C. E. Huston, 
H. M. Clark, 
P. L. Runkel, 
J. M. Bayard, 
H. W. Smith, 
W. H. Riddell, 



Council, 

J. H. Westover, President. 



H. H. Natwick, 
C. H. Cameron, 
J. P. Day, 
A. B. Smedley, 
V. P. Kennedy, 

F. J. Washabaugh, 
S. P. Wells, 
Charles Richardson, 

House. 

George Rice, Speaker. 

John Hobart, 
J. C. Southwick, 
V. V. Barnes, 
J. A. Pickler, 
T. T. Blakemore, 

G. W. Pierce, 
M. L. Miller, 
G. H. Johnson, 
M. T. DeWoody, 

E. Huntington, 

F. A. Eldredge, 
A. L. Sprague, 
E. M. Martin, 
H. M. Gregg, 
A. McCall, 

E. A. Williams, 



J. Nickeus, ^ 

C. D. Austin, 

D. H. Twomey, 
Geo. H. Walsh, 
John Flittie, 
Judson LaMoure, 
P. J. McLaughlin. 



W. F. Steele, 
Henry W. Coe, 
J. Stevens, 
S. E. Stebbins, 
P. J. McCumber, 
H. S. Oliver, 
T. M. Pugh, 
E. T. Hutchinson, 
W. N. Roach, 

C. W. Morgan, 
J. W. Scott, 

D. Stewart, 
H. Stong, 

H. H. Ruger, 
P. McHugh. 



62 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Seventeenth Session — 1887. 

Convened at Bismarck Jan. 11 and continued to March 11, 1887. 
The membership was as follows: 

Council. 



George A. Mathews , President. 



Roger Allin, 
Wm. T. Collins, 
John Cain, 
W. E. Dodge, 
E. W. Foster, 
Melvin Grigsby, 
Alexander Huehes, 
T. M. Martin, 



P. J. McCumber, 
C. H. Sheldon, 
E. G. Smith, 
J. S. Weiser, 
T. O. Bogart, 
A. W. Campbell, 
P. C. Donovan, 
E. C. Ericson, 



H. Galloway, 
G. A. Harstad, 
J. D. Lawler, 
C. D. Mead,* 
E. T. Sheldon, 
E. J. Washabaugh, 
S. P. Wells. 



House, 



George G. Crose, Speaker. 



John Bidlake, ' 
J. W. Burnham, 
D. S. Dodds, 
Thomas S. Elliott, 
D. W. Ensign, 
J. H. Fletcher, 
F. Greene, 
A. A. Harkins, 
C. B. Hubbard, 
J. G. Jones, 
James M. Moore, 
T. F. Mentzer, 

C. I. Miltimore, 
John D. Patton, 

D. F. Royer, 
J. Schnaidt, 



Fred H. Adams, 
F. M. Shook, 

D. Stewart, 

E. W. Terrill, 
J. V. White, 
Wilson Wise, 
L. O. Wyman, 
Frank R. Aikens, 
W. N. Berry, 

A. M. Cook, 
M. H. Cooper, 
John R Dutch, 
John A. Ely, 
Wm. H. Fellows, 
J. T. Gilbert, 
Wm. Glendening, 



W. J. Hawk, 
John Hobart, 
*R. McDonell, 
F. A. Morris, 
H. J. Mallory, 
J. H. Patten, 
, A. T. Pruitt, 
W. R. Ruggles, 

D. W. Sprague, 

A. S. Stewart, 

B. H. Sullivan, 
Chas. B. Williams, 
James P. Ward, 

E. A. Williams, 
John Wolzmuth. 



Eighteenth Session — 1889. 

Convened at Bismarck Jan. 8, and adjourned March 9, 1899. This 
was the last territorial assembly. The membership was as follows: 

Council. 



Roger 
Irenus 
Peter 
A. W. 
M. H. 
Coe I. 
Robert 
E.4C. 



Allin, 
Atkinson 

Cameron 

Campbell 
Cooper, 
Crawford, 
Dollard, 

Erickson, 



Smith Stimmel , President. 



S. L. Glaspell, 
James Halley, 
G. A. Harstad, 
Alexander Hughes, 
Robert Lowry, 
Hugh McDonald, 
John Miller, 
J. H. Patten, 



David W. Poindexter, 
Joseph C. Ryan, 
C. A. Sorderburg, 
George H. Walsh, 
F. J. Washabaugh, 
James A. Woolheiscr, 
A. L. Van Osdel. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



63* 



F. H. Adams, 
Frank A. Aikcns, 
Joseph Allen, 
C. H. Baldwifi, 
R. L. Bennett, 
E. H. Bergman, 
B. F. Bixter, 
J. W. Burnham, 
A. D. Clark, 
J. B. Cooke, 
T. A. Douglas, 
Thomas Elliott, 
J. H. Fletcher, 
J. M. Greene, 
A. J. Gronna, 
S. P Howell, 



House. 

Hosmer H. Keith, Speaker. 



Harry F Hunter, 
J. G. Jones, 
I. S. Lampman, 
W. S. Logan, 
Frank Lillibridge, 
H. J. Mallory, 
P. McHugh, 
Edwin McNeil, 
C. J. Miller, 
F. A. Morris, 
C. C. Newman, 
P. P. Palmer, 
A. L. Patridge, 
H. S. Parkin, 
John D. Patton, 
O. C. Potter, 



D. M. Powell, 
M. M. Price, 
Wm. Ramsdell, 
D. F. Roycr, 
G. W. Ryan, 
H. H. Sheets, 
J. O. Smith, 
W. E. Swanston, 

C. J. Trude, 
John Tumbull, 
N. Upham, 

O. R. Van Etten, 
J. B. Welcome, 

D. R. Wellman, • 
J. V. White. 



54 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Associate Justices. 



S. P. WilHston 1861-65 

J. S. Williams 1861-64 

Ara Bartlctt 1864-65 

W. E. Gleason 1866-66 

J. P. Kidder 1865-75 

W. Boyle 1864-69 

W. Brookings 1869-78 

A. H. Barnes 1873-81 

G. G. Bennett 1875-79 

G. C. Moody 1878-83 

(b)T. P, Kidder 1878-83 

C. S. Palmer 1883-87 

S. A. Hudson 1881-85 



i. 



(c) W. E. Church 1883-86 

(c) Louis K. Church 1885-87 

(a) Seward Smith 1884-84 

W. H. Francis 1884-88 

John E. Garland 1887-89 

Wm. B. McConnell 1885-88 

Charles M. Thomas 1886-89 

James Spencer 1887-89 

Roderick Rose 1888-89 

C. F. Templeton 1888-89 

L. W. Crofoot 1888-89 

Frank R. Aikens 1889 



United States Attorneys, 

Wm. E. Gleason 1861-64 | Hugh T. Campbell 1877-85 

George H. Hand 1866-69 | John E. Garland 1885-88 

Warren Coles 1869-73 | Wm. E. Purcell 1888-89 

Vb) William Pound 1873-77 | John Murphy 1889 

United States Marshals. 

Wm. F. Schaffer 1861-61 \ T. B, Raymond 1877-81 

G, M. Pinney 1S61-65 | Harrison Allen 1881-85 

L, H. Litchfield 1S65-73 j Daniel W. Maratta 1885-89 

J, H. Burdiok 1S7S-77 i 

5'Mrcv\v.j General, 



0«\v» n. Hill 

Wm, Trim* ,.,«,.. 

\y. \h \l B^adv 

Wm, l\ IVvvf \ , , , 






,,lS<r51-65 ' Henr>- Experson 1877-81 

, . 1 St^^ tii> Cortei Fesssenden ISSl-So 

, , 1 Sti^^^TS M Aris Tavlor 1885-89 

, , 1^:S :; B. H. Sulliv-an 1S89 



A t t.^rn^y CCHC'^a*S. 

..\^^^^i ' Char!^ R Teror'.eton 1SS7-S8 

, , ISSi? ; Jv^hujor. N vkxro* 1SS9 



V> W, Cji\;At^ 






K O, MvNi'VJirrjt 



1S5T-SS 

IS^ 


















>vj;-»v' 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



55 



Superintendents of Public Instruction. 



James S. Foster (ex-officio) 1864-68 
vT. McKendrick Stuart ...1869 

James S. Foster 1869-70 
. W. Turner 1870-71 

E. W. Miller 1872-74 

J. J. Mclntyre 1875-76 



W. E. Caton 1877-78 

W. H. H. Beadle 1879-85 

A. Sheridan Jones 1885-87 

Eugene A. Dye 1887-89 

Leonard A. Rose 1889 



Commissioners of Railroads. 



Wm. M. Evens, cl\airman ..1886 

Alexander Griggs 1886 

W. H. McVay 1886 

Alexander Griggs, chairman. 1887 

A. Boynton 1887 

N. T. Smith ...1887 



Judson LaMoure, chairman 

John H. King , 

Harvey J. Rice 



.1880 
.1880 
.1880 



THE LEGISLATURE. 



First Session — 1862. 



The members of the first territorial assembly were elected Sept. 
16, 1861. The assembly convened at Yankton, March 17, 1862, and 
continued in session until May 15. The membership was as follows: 

Councils 



H. D. Betts, 
J. W. Boyle, 
D. T. Bramble, 



John H. Shober, President. 

W. W. Brookings, J. S. Gregory, 

A. Cole, Enos Stutsman, 

Jacob Deuel, 



House. 



Moses K. Armstrong, 
Lyman Burgess, 
J. A. Jacobson, 
John C. McBride, 



Geo. M. Pinney, Speaker. 

Christopher Maloney, Hugh S. Donaldson, 

A. W. Pluett, Reuben Wallace, 

John Stanage, George P. Waldron, 

John L. Tiernon, B. E. Wood. 



Second Session — 1862-3. 



The second legislature met at Yankton, Dec. 1, 1862, and continued 
in session until Jan. 9, 1863. The membership was as follows: 



W. W. Brookings, 
Austin Cole, 
John W. Boyle, 



Council. 

Enos Stutsman, President. 

Jacob Deuel, J H. Schober, 

D. T. Bramble, J. Shaw Gregory, 

J. McFetridge, H. D. Betts. 



56 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



House. 



*A. J. Harlan, Speaker. 

Edward Gifford, Knud Larson, 

J. A. Jacobson, F. D. Pease, 

R. M. Johnson, A. W. Pluett, 

G. P. Waldron, N. J. Wallace. 



M. K. Armstrong, 
L. Bothun, 
J. Y. Buckman, 
H. S. Donaldson, 
M. H. Somers, 

•Resigned December 16th, and succeeded by M. K. Armstrong. 



Third Session — 1863-4. 

The third session convened at Yankton, Dec. 7, 1863, and con- 
tinued to Jan. 15, 1864. It had the following members: 

Council. 



J. M. Stone, 
G. W. Kingsbury, 
J. O. Taylor, 
M. M. Rich, 



Enos Stutsman, President. 

John Mathers, D. P. Bradford, 

Lasse Bothun, ' J. Shaw Gregory, 
Hugh Compton, John J. Thompson. 

Franklin Taylor, 



H. Burgess, 
Ole Bottolfson, 
E. M. Bond, 
Wm. Shriner, 
G. W. Pratt, 
John Lawrence, 
Henry Brooks, 



House. 

A. W. Puett, Speaker. 

L. H. Litchfield, 
W. W. Brookings, 
Knud Larson, 
Washingrton Reed, 
P. H. Risling, 
E. W. Wall, 
Jessy Wherry, 



Peter Kegan, 
N. G. Curtis, 
Asa Mattison, 
B. A. Hill, 
Duncan Ross, 
Algert Gore. 



Fourth Session — 1864-5. 

The fourth session met at Yankton Dec. 5, 1864, and continued 
ito Jan. 13, 1865. The membership was as follows: 

^ ' Council. 



J. M. Stone, 
G. W. Kingsburry, 
J. O. Taylor, 
M. M. Rich, 



Enos Stutsman, President. 

John Mathers, D. P. Bradford, 

Lasse Bothun, J. Shaw Gregory, 

Hugh Compton, John /. Thompson. 
Franklin Taylor, 



H. Burgess, 
J. P. Burgman, 

A. Chritsy, 

B. W. Collar, 
Felicia Fallas, 
J. R. Hanson, 
Peter Kegan, 



House. 

W. W. Brookings, Speaker. 



Geo. W. Kellogg, 
P. Lemouges, 
John Lawrence, , 
M. M. Mathiesen, 
Helge Matthews, 
Francis McCarthy, 
John W. Owens, 



G. W. Pratt, 
Washington Reed, 
John Rouse, 
William Shiner, 
George Stickney, 
John W. Turner, 
E. W. Wall. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



57 



Fifth Session— 1865-6. 

The fifth session convened at Yankton Dec. 4, 1869, and continued 
to Jan. 12, 1866. It had the following members: 



M. K. Armstrong, 
Austin Cole, 
G. W. Kingsbury, 
Chas. LaBreeche, 



T. C. Watson, 
E. C. Collins, 
William Walter, 
Michael Curry, 
Michael Ryan, 
James Whitehorn, 
H. J. Austin, 
Amos Hampton, 



Council. 

George Stickney, President. 

Nathaniel Ross, 
Enos Stutsman, 
O. F. Stevens, 
John J. Thompson, 

House. 

G. B. Bigelow, Speaker. 

Franklin Taylor, 
James McHenry, 
Joseph Ellis, 
A. M. English, 
Jacob Brauch, 
H. C. Ash, 
S. C. Fargo, 
W. W. Brookings, 



John W. Turner, 
A. L. VanOsdel, 
Knute Weeks. 



Jonathan Brown, 
J. A. Lewis, 
Chas. H. McCarthy, 
William Stevens, 
Edward Lent, 
Geo. W. Kellogg, 
Charles Cooper. 



Sixth Session — 1866-7. 



The sixth session convened at Yankton, Dec. 4, 1866, and contin- 
ued to Jan. 12, 1867. The membership was as follows: 



Austin Cole, 
A. G. Fuller, 
G. W. Kingsbury, 
Chas. LaBreeche, 



Council. 

M. K. Armstrong, President. 

J. A. Lewis, John J. Thompson, 

D. M. Ellis, John W. Turner, 

Nathaniel Ross, A. L. VanOsdel, 

O. F. Stevens, Knute Weeks. 

House. 



H. C. Ash, 
Horace T. Austin, 
D. T. Bramble, 
W. N. Collamer, 
Michael Curry, 
Hugh Fraley, 
Thomas Frick, 
I. T. Gore, 



J. B. S. Todd, Speaker. 

William Gray, 
Tans Gunderson, 
M. U. Hoyt, 
Daniel Hodgen, 
Amon Hanson, 
H. M. Johnson, 
Geo. W. Kellogg, 
Vincent La Belle, 



Chas. McCarthy, 
N. C. Stevens, 
William Stevens, 
John Trumbo, 
iFranklin Taylor, 
Eli B. Wixson, 
Kirwin Wilson, 



Seventh Session — 1867-8. 



Convened at Yankton, Dec. 2, 1867, and adjourned Jan. 10, 1868. 
The membership was as follows: 

Council. 



W. W. Brookings, 
W. W. Benedict, 
Aaron Carpenter, 
R. L Thomas, 



Horace J. Austin, President. 

Hugh Fraley, J. A. Lewis, 

R. R. Green, Chas. H. Mclntyre, 

A. H. Hampton, D. M. Mills, 

Geo. W. Kellogg, C. F. Rossteucher. 



58 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



House. 

Enos Stutsman , Speaker. 



William Blair, 
William Brady, 
F. Bronson, 
Jacob Brauch, 
Jonathan Brown, 
Caleb Cummings, 
Michael Curry, 
F. J. De Witt,- 



Martin V. Harris, 
Felicia Fallas, 
I. T. Gore, 
Hans Gunderson, 
Amos Hanson, 
M. U. Hoyt, 
John L. Jolley, 
James Kegan, 



G. C. M<5bdy, 
T. Nelson, 
Michael Ryan, 
Calvin G. Shaw, 
John J. Thompson, 
J. D. Tucker, 
Thomas C. Watson. 



Eighth Session — 1868-9. 



Convened at Yankton Dec. 7, 1868, and adjourned Jan. 15, 1869. 
It had the following membership: 



Horace J. Watson, 
W. W. Benedict, 
W. W. Brookings, 
Aaron Carpenter, 



Council. 

N. J. Wallace, President. ^ 

Hugh Fraley, J. A. Lewis, 

R. R. Green, Chas. H. Mclntyre, 

A. N. Hampton, C. F. Rossteucher, 

Geo. W. Kellogg, B. E. Wood. 

House. 



Alfred Abbott, 
Chas. D. Bradley, 
G. P. Bennett, 
Calvin M. Brooks, 
Jacob Brauch, 
John Clementson, 
N. G. Curtis, 
J. M. Eves, 



G. C. Moody, Speaker. 

J. Shaw Gregory, 
J. T. Hewlett, 
O. T. Haggin, 
John L. Jolley, 
A. W. Jameson, 
Hiram Keith, 
James Kegan, 
Lewis Larson, 



Knud Larson, 
J. La Roche, 
Joseph Moulin, 
Charles Ricker, 
Enos Stutsman, 
M. H. Somers, 
R. T. Vinson. 



Ninth Session— 1870-1. 



Convened at Yankton Dec. 5, 1870, and continued to Jan. i;j, 
1871. The membership was as follows: 



Council. 
Emery Morris, President. 



M. K. Armstrong, 
Jacob Brauch, 
Wm. M. Cuppett, 
Hugh Fraley, 



Silas W. Kidder, 
Nelson Miner, 
Chas. H. Mclntyre, 
J. C. Kennedy, 

House. 



W. T. McKay, 
James M. Stone, 
John W. Turner. 



George H. Hand, Speaker. 



Charles Allen, 
V. R. L. Barnes, 
F. J. Cross, 
C. P. Dow, 
A. P. Harmon, 
John Hancock, 
Wm. Hobrough, 
O. B. Iverson, 



H. A. Jerauld, 
James Kegan, 
J. La Roche, 
Nelson Learned, 
A. J. Mills, 
E. Minor, 
Noah Wherry, 



R. Mostow, 
S. L. Parker, 
Amos F. Shaw, 
Philip Sherman, 
John C. Sinclair, 
Ole Sampson, 
E. W. Wall, 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



59 



Tenth Session — 1872-3. 

The tenth session met at Yankton, Dec. 2, 1872, and continued to 
Jan. 10, 1873. It had the following membership: 

Council. 



Alexander Hughes, President. 



D. T. Bramble, 

E. B. Crew, 
H. P. Cooley, 
J. Flick, 



Samuel Ashmore, 
Ole Bottolfson, 
John Becker. 
Jacob Brauch, 
Newton Clark, 
N. B. Campbell, 
Michael Glynn, 
William Hamilton, 
James Hyde, 



John Lawrence, 
Nelson Miner, 
Joseph Mason, 
J. Gehan, 

House. 

A. T. Mills, Speaker. 

Cyrus Knapp, 
T. A. Kingsbury, 
Judson LaMoure, 
E. A. Williams, 
Ephraim Miner, 
George Norbeck, 
Joseph Roberts, 
A. B. Wheelock. 



Chas. H. Mclntyre, 
O. F. Stevens, 
Enos Stutsman, 
Henry Smith. 



O. C. Peterson, 
Jens Peterson, 
Silas Rohr, 
Martin Trygstadt, 
J. W. Turner, 
Tohn Thompson, 
B. E. Wood, 
W. P. Lyman. 



Eleventh Session — 1874-5. 



Convened at Yankton Dec 7, 1874, and adjourned Jan. 15, 1875. 
The membership was as follows: 



H. J. Austin, 
Jacob Brauch, 
Philip Chandler, 
Benton Fraley, 



Council. 

John L. Jolley, President. 

G. W. Harlan, M. W. Sheafe, 

John Lawrence, O. F. Stevens, 

A. McHench, C. S. West, 

M. Pace, E. A. Williams. 

House. 

G. C. Moody, Speaker. 



H. O. Anderson, 
George Bosworth, 
Hector Bruce, 
J. L. Berry, 
L. Bothun, 
Michael Curry, 
Desire Chausse, 
J. M. Cleland, 
Patrick Hand, 



John H. Hass, 
Knud Larson, 
Joseph Zitka, 
H. N. Luce, 
W. T. McKay, ' 
Henry Reifsnyder, 
Amos F. Shaw, 
C. H. Stearns, 



Ira Ellis, 
L. Sampson, 
S. Sevenson, 
A. L. VanOsdel, 
M. M. Williams, 
Scott Wright, 
James M. Wohl, 
O. B. Larson. 



Twelfth Session — 1877. 



Convened at Yankton Jan. 9, 1877, and continued to Feb. 17, 1877. 
It had the following membership: 



Henry S. Back, 
M. W. Bailey, 
Wm. Duncan, 
Hans Gunderson, 



Council. 

W. A. Burleigh, President. 

Judson La Moure, R. F. Pettigrew, 

Nelson Miner, J. A. Potter, 

A. J. Mills, C. B. Valentine, 

Robert Wilson, J. A. Wallace. 



6() 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



J. M. Adams, 
A. L. Boe, 
H. A. Burke, 
•J. Q. Burbank; 
W. H. H. Beadle, 
T. S. Clarkson, 
G. S. S. Codington, 
W. F. Dunham, 
A. G. Hopkins, 
•Awarded the seat 



House. 

D. C. Hagle, Speaker. 

M. O. Hexom, 
£. Hackett, 
D. M. Inman, 
Erick Iverson, 
Chas. Maywold, 
F. M. Ziebach, 
Hans Myron, 
John Selberg, 



John Falde, 
D. Stewart, 
Asa Sargent, 
John Tucker, 
Franklin Taylor, 
John Thompson, 
C. H. VanTassel, 
S. Soderstrom, 



of D. M. Kelliher on the twenty-ninth day of the 



session. 



Thirteenth Session — 1879. 



Convened at Yankton and continued in session from Jan. 14 to 
Feb. 22, 1879. The following was the membership:: 



Wm. M. Cuppett, 
M. H. Day, 
Ira Ellis, 
Newton Edmunds, 



Alfred Brown, 
J. Q. Burbank, 
P. N. Cross. 
D. W. Flick, 
A. B. Fockler, 
John R. Gamble, 
Ansley Gray, 
Hans Gunderson, 
Peter J. Hoyer, 



Council. 

George H. Walsh, President. 

W. L. Kuykendall, S. G. Roberts, 

Nelson Miner, Silas Rohr, 

Robert Macnider C. B. Valentine, 

R. F. Pettigrew, H B. Wynn. 

House. 

John R. Jackson, Speaker. 
Nathan'l C. Whitfield, Michael Shely, 



Ole A. Helvig, 
O. I. Hoseboe, 
A, Hoyt, 
S. A. Johnson, 
John Langness, 
A. Manksch, 
J. M. Peterson, 



A. Simonson, 
James H. Stephens, 

D. Stewart, 

Martin M. Trygstadt, 

E. C. Walton, 
J. F. Weber, 
Canute Weeks. 



Fourteenth Session — 1881. 



Convened at Yankton and continued in session irom Jan. 11 to 
March 7, 1881. The membership was as follows: 



M. H. Day, 
Ira W. Fisher, 
John R. Gamble, 
John L. Jolley, 



James Baynes, 

F. J. Cross, 
L. B. French, 

G. H. Dickey, 
C. B. Kennedy, 
P. Landman, 

J. H. Miller, 
Knud Nomland, 



Council. 

George H. Walsh, President. 

J. A. J. Martin, John Walsh, 

J. O'B. Scovey, G. W. Wiggin, 

Amos F. Shaw, John R. Wilson. 
J. F. Wallace, 

House. 



J. A. Harding, Speaker. 

V. P. Thielman, 
A. Thome, 
P. Warner, 
S. A. Boyles, 
W. H. Donaldson, 
E. Ellefson, 
John D. Hale, 
D. M. Inman, 



Tudson LaMoure, 
S. McBratney, 
I. Moore, 
S. Rohr, 

D. Thompson, 
A. L. VanOsdell, 

E. P. Wells. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



61 



Fifteenth Session — 1883. 

Convened at Yankton Jan. 9, and continued to March 9, 1883. 
The following was the membership: 



F. N. Burdick, 
J. R. Jackson, 
F. M. Ziebach, 
F. J. Washbaugh, 



Ira Ellis, 
M. C. Tychsen, 
John Thompson, 
W. B. Robmson, 
R. C. McAllister, 
F. P. Phillips, 
Geo. W. Sterling, 
W. A. Heinhart 



Council, 

J. 0*B. Scobey, President. 

S. G. Roberts, Geo. H.Walsh, 

H. J. Jerauld, J. Nickeus, 

Wm. P. Dewey, E. McCauley. 
E. H. Mcintosh, 

House, 



E. A. Williams, Speaker. 



E. M. Bowman, 
G. P. Harvey, 
D. M. Inman, 
H. Van Woert. 
J. B. Wynn, 
B. R. Wagner, 
John C. Pyatt, 
George Rice, 



Wm. H. Lamb, 
J. W. Nowlin, 

A. A. Choteau, 
O. M. Towner, 

B. W. 'Benson, 
L. J. Alfred, 
N. E. Nelson. 



Sixteenth Session — 1885. 



Convened at Bismarck Jan. 13, and continued to March 13, 1885. 
The membership was as follows: 



A. C. Huetson, 
Wm. Duncan, 
John R. Gamble, 

A. Sheridan Jones, 

B. R. Wagner, 
A. M. Bowdle, 
R. F. Pettigrew, 
Geo. R. Farmer, 



Ole Helvig. 
John Larson, 
Ell Dawson, 
Hans Myron, 
A. L. Van Osdel, 
Hugh Langan, 
J. P. Ward, 
J. H. S wanton, 
A. J. Parshall, 
Mark Ward, 
C. E. Huston, 
H. M. Clark, 
P. L. Runkel, 
J. M. Bayard, 
H. W. Smith, 
W. H. Riddell, 



Council, 
J. H. Westover, President. 



H. H. Natwick, 
C. H. Cameron, 
J. P. Day, 
A. B. Smedley, 
V. P. Kennedy, 

F. J. Washabaugh, 
S. P. Wells, 
Charles Richardson, 

House. 

George Rice, Speaker. 

John Hobart, 
J. C. Southwick, 
V. V. Barnes, 
J. A. Pickler, 
T. T. Blakemore, 
*G. W. Pierce, 
M. L. Miller, 

G. H. Johnson, 
M. T. DeWoody, 

E. Huntington, 

F. A. Eldredge, 
A. L. Sprague, 
E. M. Martin, 
H. M. Gregg, 
A. McCall, 

E. A. Williams, 



J. Nickeus, 

C. D. Austin, 

D. H. Twomey, 
Geo. H. Walsh, 
John Flittie, 
Judson LaMoure, 
P. J. McLaughlin. 



W. F. Steele, 
Henry W. Coe, 
J. Stevens, 
S. E. Stebbins, 
P. J. McCumber, 
H. S. Oliver, 
T. M. Pugh, 
E. T. Hutchinson, 
W. N. Roach, 

C. W. Morgan, 
J. W. Scott, 

D. Stewart, 
H. Stong, 

H. H. Ruger, 
P. McHugh. 



62 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Seventeenth Session — 1887. 

Convened at Bismarck Jan. 11 and continued to March 11, 1887. 
The membership was as follows: 

Council. 





George 


A. Mathews, 


President. 


Roger Allin, 


P. 


J. McCumber, 


H. Galloway, 


Wm. T. Collins, 


C. 


H. Sheldon, 


G. A. Harstad, 


John Cain, 


E. 


G. Smith, 


J. D. Lawler, 


W. E. Dodge, 


J. 


S. Weiser, 


C. D. Mead,.. 


E. W. Foster, 


T. 


O. Bogart, 


E. T. Sheldon, 


Melvin Grigsby, 


A. 


W. Campbell, 


E. J. Washabaugh, 


Alexander Husrhes, 


P. 


C. Donovan, 


S. P. Wells. 


T. M. Martin, 


E. 


C. Ericson, 





House. 



George G. Crose, Speaker. 



John Bidlake, ' 
J. W. Burnham, 
D. S. Dodds, 
Thomas S. Elliott, 
D. W. Ensign, 
J. H. Fletcher, 
F. Greene, 
A. A. Harkins, 
C. B. Hubbard, 
J. G. Jones, 
James M. Moore, 
T. F. Mentzer, 

C. I. Miltimore, 
John D. Patton, 

D. F. Royer, 
J. Schnaidt, 



Fred H. Adams, 
F. M. Shook, 

D. Stewart, 

E. W. Terrill, 
J. V. White, 
Wilson Wise, 
L. O. Wyman, 
Frank R. Aikens, 
W. N. Berry, 

A. M. Cook, 
M. H. Cooper, 
John R Dutch, 
John A. Ely, 
Wm. H. Fellows, 
J. T. Gilbert, 
Wm. Glendening, 



W. J. Hawk. 

John Hobart, 
R. McDonell, 
F. A. Morris, 
H. J. Mallory, 
J. H. Patten, 
, A. T. Pruitt, 
W. R. Ruggles, 

D. W. Sprague, 

A. S. Stewart, 

B. H. Sullivan, 
Chas. B. Williams, 
James P. Ward, 

E. A. Williams, 
John Wolzmuth. 



Eighteenth Session — 1889. 

Convened at Bismarck Jan. 8, and adjourned March 9, 1899. This 
was the last territorial assembly. The membership was as follows: 

Council. 



Roger 
Irenus 
Peter 
A. W. 
M. H. 
Coe I. 
Robert 
E.#C. 



Allin, 
Atkinson 

Cameron 

Campbell 
Cooper, 
Crawford, 
Dollard, 

Erickson, 



Smith Stimmel , President. 



S. L. Glaspell, 
James Halley, 
G. A. Harstad, 
Alexander Hughes, 
Robert Lowry, 
Hugh McDonald, 
John Miller, 
"j. H. Patten, 



David W. Poindexter, 
Joseph C. Ryan, 
C. A. Sorderburg, 
George H. Walsh, 
F. J. Washabaugh, 
James A. Woolheiscr, 
A. L. Van Osdel. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



63- 



F. H. Adams, 
Frank A. Aikens, 
Joseph Allen, 
C. H. Baldwin, 
R. L. Bennett, 
E. H. Bergman, 
B. F. Bixter, 
J. W. Burnhara, 
A. D. Clark, 
J. B. Cooke, 
T. A. Douglas, 
Thomas Elliott, 
J. H» Fletcher, 
J. M. Greene, 
A. J. Gronna, 
S. P Howell, 



House, 

Hosmer H. Keith, Speaker. 



Harry F Hunter, 
J. G. Jones, 
I. S. Lampman, 
W. S. Logan, 
Frank Lillibridge, 
H. J. Mallory, 
P. McHugh, 
Edwin McNeil, 
C. J. Miller, 
F. A. Morris, 
C. C. Newman, 
P. P. Palmer, 
A. L. Patridge, 
H. S. Parkin, 
John D. Patton, 
O. C. Potter, 



D. M. Powell, 
M. M. Price, 
Wm. Ramsdell, 
D. F. Royer, 
G. W. Ryan, 
H. H. Sheets, 
J. O. Smith, 
W. E. Swahston, 

C. J. Trude, 
John Tumbull, 
N. Upham, 

O. R. Van Etten, 
J. B. Welcome, 

D. R. Wellman, » 
J. V. White. 



64 



LEGISLA'l I VE MANUAL 



OFFICERS AND MEMBERS. 



OF THE 

Constitutional Convention, 1889. 

[Convened at Bismarck, July 4; adjourned August 17, 1889.] 

OFFICERS: 

President — F. B. Fancher. 

Chief Clerk — ^J. G. Hamilton. 

Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk — C. C. Bowslield. 

Sergcant-at-Arms — Fred Falley. 

Watchman — ^J. S. Weiser. 

Messenger — E. W. Knight 

Chaplain — Geo. Kline. 

Official Stenographer— R. M. Tuttle. 

Official Printer— M. H. Jewell. 

MEMBERS: 



Name County. 

Allin, Roger Walsh 

Almen, John Magnus Walsh 

Appleton, Albert F Pembina 

Bean, Therow W Nelson 

Bell, James Walsh 

Bennett, Richard . . . Grand Forks 

Bartlett, Lorenzo D Dickey 

Bartlett, David Griggs 

Best, William D Pembina 

Brown, Charles V Wells 

Blewett, Andrew Stutsman 

Budge vvilliam Grand Forks 

Camp, Edgar W Stutsman 

Chaffee, Eben Whitney .... Cass 
Garland, John Emmett .Burleigh 
Carothers, Charles .Grand Forks 

Clark, Horace M Eddy 

Clapp, William J Cass 

Colton, Joseph L Ward 

Douglas, James A Walsh 

Elliott, Elmer E Barnes 

Fancher, Frederick B. . . Stutsman 

Fay, George H Mcintosh 

Flemington, Alex D Dickey 

Gayton. Jas. Bennett, . . Emmons 
Glick, Benjamin Rush ...Cavalier 

Gray, Enos Cass 

Griggs, Alexander . . Grand Forks 

Harris, Harvey Burleigh 

Haugen, Arne P . . . . Grand Forks 

Hegge, Marthinus F Traill 

Holmes, Herbert L Pembina 

Hoyt, Albert W Morton 

Johnson, Martin N Nelson 

Lauder, Wil'iam S Richland 

Leech. Addison Cass 

Lowell. Jacob Cass 

Linwell, Martin V. .Grand Forks 



Name County. 

Lohnes, Edward H Ramsey 

Marrinan, Michael K Walsh 

Mathews, J. H Grand Forks 

Meacham, Olney G Foster 

Mc Bride, John Cavalier 

Miller, Henry Foster Cass 

Moer, Samuel H LaMoare 

McKenzie, James D Sargent 

McHugh Patrick Cavalier 

Noble, Virgil B Bottineau 

Nomland, Knud J Traill 

O'Brien, James F Ramsey 

Parsons, Curtis P Rolette 

Parsons, Albert Samuel . .Morton 

Paulson, Engebret M Traill 

Petersen, Henry M. Cass 

Pollock, Robert M Cass 

Powers, John Sargent 

Powels, Joseph Cavalie^ 

Purcell, William E Richland 

Ray, William Stark 

Richardson, Robert B. . . . Pembina 
Robertson, Alexander B. ...Walsh 

Rolf e, Eugene Strong Benson 

Rowe, William H Dickey 

Sandanger, Andrew Ransom 

Shuman, John Sargent 

Scott, John W Barnea 

Selby, John F Traill 

Slotten, Andrew Richland 

Spalding, Burleigh Folsom . . Cass 

Stevens, Rueben N Ransom 

Turner, Ezra Bottineau 

Wallace, Elmer D .Steele 

Whipple, Abram Olin Ramsey 

Well wood. Jay Barnes 

Williams, Erastus A Burleigh 



ENABLING ACT 



[Approved February 22, 1889.] 

AN ACT to provide for the division of Dakota into two states and 
to enable the people of North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana 
and Washington to form constitutions and state governments and 
to be admitted into the union on an equal footing with the 
original states, and to make donations of public lands to such 
states. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives 
of the United States of America in Congress Assembled , 
That the inhabitants of all that part of the area 
of the United Sta.tes now constituting the territories 
of Dakota, Montana and Washington as at present de- 
scribed, may become the states of North Dakota, South 
Dakota, Montana and Washington, respectively, as herein- 
after provided. 

Sec. 2. The area comprising the ^territory of Dakota 
shall, for the purposes of this act be divided on the line of 
the 7th standard parallel produced due west to the western 
boundary of said territory; and the delegates elected as 
hereinafter provided to the constitutional convention in 
districts north of saFd parallel shall assemble in convention, 
at the time prescribed in this act, at the City of Bismarck; 
and the delegates elected in districts south of said parallel 
shall, at the same time, assemble in convention at the city 
of Sioux Falls. 

S^c. 3. That all persons who are qualified by the laws 
of said territories to vote for representatives to the legisla- 
tive assemblies thereof are hereby authorized to vote for 
and choose delegates to form conventions in said proposed 
states; and the qualifications for delegates to such conven- 
tions shall be such as by the laws of said territories re- 
spectively, jpersons are required to possess to be eligible to 
the legislative assemblies thereof; and the aforesaid dele- 
gates to form said conventions shall be apportioned within 
the limits of the proposed states, in such districts as may 
be es.tablished as herein provided, in proportion to the popu- 
lation in each of said counties and districts, as near as may 
be, to be ascertained at the time of making said apportion- 
ment by the persons hereinafter authorized to make the 
same from the best information obtainable in each of which 
districts three delegates shall be elected, but no elector shall 
vote for more than two persons for delegates to such con- 
ventions; that said apportionments shall be made by the 

filaeBbok-7 



66 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

governor, the chief justice and the secretary of said terri- 
tories; and the governors of said territories shall, by pro- 
clamation, order an election of the delegates aforesaid in each 
of said proposed states, to be held on tihe Tuesday after the 
second Monday in May, 1889; which proclamation shall be 
issued on the 15th day of April , 1889 ; and such election shall 
be conducted, the returns made, the result ascertained, and 
the certificates to persons elected to such conventions issued 
in the same manner as is prescribed by the laws of the said 
temtories regulating elections therein for delegates to con- 
gress ; and the number of votes cast for delegates in each pre- 
cinct shall also be returned. The number of delegates to said 
conventions respectively shall be 75 ; and all persons residents 
in said proposed states who aire qualified vot-ers of said ter- 
ritories as herein provided, shall be entitled to vote upon the 
election of delegates, and under such rules and regulations as 
saki conventions may prescribe, not in conflict with this 
act, upon the ratification or rejection of the constitutions. 

Sec. 4. That the delegates to the conventions elected 
as provided for in this act shall meet at the seat of gov- 
dmment of each of said territories, except the delegates 
elected in South Dakota, who shall meet at the city of Sioux 
Falls, on the fourth day of July, 1889, and after organiza- 
tion shall declare, oh behalf of the people of said proposed 
states, that they adopt the constitution of the United States; 
whereupon the said conventions shall be, and are hereby 
authorized to form constitutions and state governments for 
said proposed states respectively. The constitution shall be 
republican in form, and make no distinction an civil or political 
rights on account of race or color, except as to Indians not 
taxed, and not to be repugnant to the constitution of the 
United States and the principles of the declaration of inde- 
pendence. And said convention shall provide, by ordinances 
irrevocable without the consent of the United States and the 
people of said states. 

First. That the perfect toleration of ireligious sentiment 
shall be secured, and that no inhabitant of said states shall 
ever be molested in person or property on account of his 
or iher mode of religious worship. 

Second. That the people inhabiting said proposed states 
do agree and declare that they forever disclaim all right 
and title to the unappropriated public lands lying within the 
boundaries thereof, and to all lands lying within said limits 
owned or held by any Indian or Indian tribes ; and that until 
the title thereto shall have been extinguished by the United 
States the same shall be and remain subject to the disposition 
of the United States, and said Indian lands shall remain 
under the absolute jurisdiction and control of the congress 
of the United States; that the lands belonging to citizens of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 67 

the United States reskling without the said states shall never 
be .taxed at a higher rate than the lands belonging to residents 
thereof; that no taxes shall be imposed by the states on lands 
or property therein belonging to or which may hereafter be 
purchased by the United States o»r reserved for its use. But 
nothing herein, or in the ordinances herein provided for, 
shall preclude the said states from taxing as other lands are 
taxed any lands owned or held by any Indian who has severed 
has tiribal relations, and has obtained from the United States or 
from any person a title thereto by patent or other grant, save 
and except such lands as have been or may be granted to any 
Indian or Indians under any act of congress containing a 
provision exempting the lands thus granted from taxation; 
but said ordinances shall provide that all such lands shall be 
exempt from taxation by said states so long and to such extent 
as such act of congress may prescribe. 

Third. That the debts arid liabilities of said territories 
shall be assumed and paid by said states respectively. 

Fourth. That provision shall be made for the establish- 
ment and maintenace of systems of public schools, which 
shall be open to all the children of said states, and frfee from 
sectarian control. 

Sec. 5. That the convention which shall assemble at Bis- 
marck shall form a constitution and state government for a 
state to be known as North Dakota and the convention 
which shall assemble at Sioux Falls shall form a constitu- 
tion and state government for a state to be known as South 
Dakota; pirovided, that at the election for delegates to the 
constitutional convention in South Dakota, as hereinbefo(re 
provided, each elector may have written or printed on his 
ballot the words "For the Sioux Falls Constitution" or the 
words "Against the Sioux Falls Constitution," and the 
votes on this question shall be returned and canvassed in 
the same manner as foir the election provided for in Sec 3 
of this act; and if a majority of all votes cast on this ques- 
tion shall be "For the Sioux Falls Constitution" it shall be 
the duty of the convention which may assemble at Sioux 
Falls, as herein provided, to resubmit to the people of 
South Dakota, for tratification or rejection at the election 
hereinafter provided for in this act, the constitution framed 
at Sioux Falls and adopted Nov. 3, 1885, and also the ar- 
ticles and propositions separately submitted at that election, 
including the question of locating the temporary seat of 
govomment, with such changes only as relate to the name and 
boundary of the proposed state, to the reapportionment of the 
judicial and legislative districts, and sudi amendments as may 
be necessary in order to comply with the provisions of this 
aot; and if a majority of the votes cast on the ratification or 
rejection of the constitution shall be for the constitution ir- 



63 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

(respective of the articles separately submitted, the state of 
South Dakota shall be admiitted as a state in the union under 
said constitution as hereinafter provided; but the archives, 
records and books of the territory of Dakota shall remain 
at Bismarck, the capital of North Dakota, until an agreement 
in reference thereto is reached by said states. But if at elec- 
tion for delegates to the constitutional convention in South 
Dakota a majority of all th-e votes cast at that election shall 
be "Against the Sioux Falls Constitution," then in that event 
it shall be the duty of the convention which will assemble at 
the city of Sioux Falls on the fourth day of July, 1889, to 
proceed to form a constitution and state government as 
provided an this act th-e same as if that question had not 
been submitted to a vote of the people of South Dakota. 

Sec. 6. It shall be the duty of the constitutional conven- 
tions of North Dakota and South Dakota to appoint a joint 
commission to be composed of not less than three members 
of each convention, whose duty it shall be to assemble at 
Bismarck, the preserbt seat of government of said territory^ 
and agree upon an equitable division of all property be- 
longing to the territory of Dakota, the disposition of all 
public records, and also adjust and agree upon the amount 
of the debts and liabilities of the territory which shall be 
assumed and paid by each of the proposed states of North 
Dakota and South Dakota, and the agreement reached re- 
specting the territorial debts and liabilities shall be incor- 
porated in the respective constitutions, and each of said 
states shall obligate itself to pay its piroportion of such debts 
and liabilities the same as if they had been created by such 
states respectively. 

Sec. 7. If the constitutions formed for both North Da- 
kota and South Dakota shall be rejected by the people at 
the elections for the ratification or rejection of their re- 
spective constitutions as provided for in this act, the terri- 
torial government of Dakota shall continue in existence the 
same as if this act had not been passed. But if the consti- 
tution formed for either North Dakota or South Dakota 
shall be rejected by the people, that part of the territory so 
irejeoting its proposed constitution shall continue under the 
territorial government of the present territory of Dakota, 
but shall, after the state adopting its -constitution is ad- 
mitted into the union be called by the name of the terri- 
tory of North Dakota or South Dakota, as the case may be; 
provided, that if either of the proposed states provided for 
in this act shall reject the constitution which may be sub- 
mitted for ratification or rejection at the election provided 
therefor, the governor of the territory in which such pro- 
posed constitution was rejected shall issue his proclamation 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 69 

reconvening the delegates elected to the convention which 
formed such rejected constitution, fixing the time and place 
at which said delegates shall assemble; and when so as- 
sembled they shall proceed to form another constitution or 
to amend the rejected constitution, and shall submit such 
new constitution or amended constitution »to the people of 
the proposed state for ratification or rejection at such time 
as said convention may determine; and all the provisions 
of this act, so far as applicable, shall apply to such conven- 
tion so reassembled and to the constitution which may be 
formed, its ratification or rejection, and to the admission 
of the proposed state. 

Sec. 8. That the constitutional convention which may 
assemble in South Dakota shall provide by ordinance for 
resubmitting the Sioux Falls constitution of 1885, after hav- 
ing amended the same as provided in Sec. 5 of this act, to 
the people of South Dakota for ratification or rejection at 
an election to be held therein on the first Tuesday in Octo- 
ber, 1889; but if said constitutional convention is author- 
ized and required to foirm a new constitution for South Da- 
kota it shall provide for submitting the same in like manner 
to the people of South Dakota for ratification or rejection, 
at an election to be held in said proposed state on the said 
first Tuesday in October. And the constitutional conven- 
tions which may assemble in North Dakota, Montana and 
Washington shall provide in like manner for submitting the 
constitutions formed by them to the people of said pro- 
posed states, respectively, for ratification or rejection at 
elections to be held in said proposed states on the said first 
Tuesday in October. At the elections provided for in this 
section the qualified votetrs of said proposed states shall 
vote directly fbr or against the proposed constitutions, and 
for or against any articles or propositions separately sub- 
mitted. The returns of said elections «hall be made to the 
secretary of each of said territories, who, with the governor 
and chief justice thereof, or any two of them, shall canvass 
the same; and if a majority of the legal votes cast shall 
be for the constitution the governor shall certify the result 
to the president of the United States, together with a state- 
ment of the votes cast theron and upon separate articles or 
propositions, and a copy of the said constitution, articles, 
propositions and ordinances. And if the constitutions and 
governments of said proposed states are republican in form, 
and if all the provisions of this act have been complied 
with in the formation thereof, it shall 'be the duty of the 
president of the United States to issue his proclamation 
announcing the result of the election in each, and there- 
upon t«he proposed states which have adopted constitutions 



70 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

and formed state governments as herein provided, shall be 
deemed admitted by congress into the union under and b5 
virtue of this act, on an equal footing with the original 
states from and after the date of said proclamation. 

Sec. 9. That until the next general census, or until other- 
wise provided by law, said states shall be entitled to one 
representative in the house of representatives of the United 
States, except South Dakota, which shall be entitled to two; 
and the representatives to the fifty-first congress, together 
with the governors and other officers provided for in said 
constitutions may be elected on the same day of the elec- 
tion for the ratification or rejection of the constitutions; 
and until said state officers are elected and qualified under 
the provisions of each constitution and the states, respect- 
ively, are admitted into the union, the territorial officers 
shall continue to discharge the duties of their respective 
offices in each of said territories. 

Sec 10. That upon the admission of each of said states 
into the union sections numbered 16 and 36 in every town- 
ship of said proposed states, and where such sections, or 
any parts thereof, have been sold or otherwise disposed of 
by or under the authority of any act of congress, other 
lands equivalent thereto, in legal subdivisions of not less 
than one-quarter section, and as contiguous as may be to 
the section in lieu of which the same is taken, are hereby 
granted to said states for the support of common schools, 
such indemnity lands to be selected within said states in 
such manner as the legislature may provide, with the ap- 
proval of the secretary of the interior; provided, that the 
16th and 36th sections embraced in permanent reservations 
for national purposes shall not, at any time, be subject to 
the grants nor to the indemnity provisions of this act, nor 
shall any lands embraced in Indian, military ^ or other res- 
ervations of any character, be subject to the grants or to 
the indemnity provisions of this act until the reservation 
shall have been extinguished and such lands be restored to, 

and become a part of, the public domain. 

• 

Sec. 11. That all lands herein granted for educational 
purposes shall be disposed of only at public sale, and at a 
price not less than $10 per acre, the proceeds to constitute 
a permanent school fund, the interest of which only shall 
be expended in the support of said schools. But said lands 
may, under such regulations as the legislatures shall pre- 
scribe, be leased for periods of not more than five years, in 
quantities not exceeding one section to any one person or 
company; and such land shall not be subject to pre-emp- 
tion, homestead entry, or any other entry under the land 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 71 

laws of the United States, whether surveyed or unsurveyed, 
but shall be reserved for school purposes only. 

Sec. 12. That upon the admission of each of said states 
into the union, in accordance wifch the provisions of this 
act, fifty sections of the unappropriated public lands within 
said states, to be selected and located in legal subdivisions 
as provided in section 10 of this act, shall be, and are here- 
by, granted to said states for the purpose of erecting public 
buildings . at the capital of said states for legislative, ex- 
ecutive and judicial purposes. 

Sec. 13. That 5 percentum of the i>roceeds of the sales of 
public lands lying within said states which shall be sold 
by the United States subsequent to the admission of said 
states into the union, after deducting all the expenses inci- 
dent to the same, shall be paid to the said states, to be used 
as a permanent fund, the interest of which only shall be 
expended for the support of common schools within said 
states respectively. 

Sec. 14. That the lands granted to the territories of Da- 
kota and Montana by the act of Feb. 18, 1881, entitled "An 
act to grant lands to Dakota, Montana, Arizona, Idaho and 
Wyoming for university purposes," are hereby vested in the 
states of South Dakota, North Dakota and Montana, re- 
spectively, if such states are admitted into the union as 
provided in this act, to the extent of the full quantity of seventy- 
two sections to each of said states, and any portion of said 
lands that may have been selected by either of said terri- 
tories of Dakota oir Montana may be selected by the re- 
spective states aforesaid; but said act of February 18,1881, 
shall be so amended as to provide that none of said lands 
shall be sold for less than $10 per acre, and the proceeds 
shall constitute a permanent fund to be safely invested and 
held by said states severally, and the income thereof be 
used exclusively for univeirsity purposes. And such quan- 
tity of the lands authorized by the fourth section of the 
act of July 17, 1854, to be reserved for university purposes 
in the territory of Washington, as, together with the lands 
confirmed to the vendees of the territory by the act of March 
14, 1864, will make the full quantity of seventy-two entire 
sections, are hereby granted in like manner to the state of 
Washington for the purposes of a university in said state. 
None of the lands granted in this section shall be sold at 
less than $10 per acre ; but said lands may be leased in 
the same manner as provided in section 11 of this act. The 
schools, colleges and universities provided for in this act 
sihall forever remain under the' exclusive control of the 
said states respectively, and no part of the proceeds arising 
from the sale or disposal of any lands herein granted for 



72 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

educational purposes shall be used for the support of any 
sectarian or denominational school, college or university. 
The section of land granted by the act of June 16, 1880, to 
tihe territory of Dakota, for an asylum for 'the insane shall, 
upon the admission of said state of South Dakota into the 
union, become the property of said state. 

Sec. 15. That so much of the lands belonging to the 
United States as have been acquired and set apart for the 
purpose mentioned in "An act appropriating money for 
the erection of a penitentiary in the territory of Dakota," 
approved March 2, 1881, together with the buildings there- 
on, be, and the same is, hereby granted, together with any 
unexpended balances of tihe money appropriated therefor 
by said act, to said state of Soutih Dakota, for the purpose^ 
therein designated; and the states of North Dakota and 
Washington shall, respectively, liave like grants for the 
same purpose, and subject to like terms and conditions 
as provided in said act of March 2, 1881, for the territory 
of Dakota. The penitentiary at Deer Lodge City, Mont., 
and all land connected therewith and set apairt and re- 
served therefor, are hereby granted to the state of Mon- 
tana. 

Sec. 16. That 90,000 acres of land, to be selected and 
located as provided in section 10 of this act, are hereby 
granted to each of said states, except to the state of South 
Dakota, to which 120,000 acres are granted, for the use and 
support of agricultural colleges in said states, as provided 
in the acts of congress making donations of lands for such 
purposes. 

Sec. 17. That in lieu of the grant of land for purposes of 
internal improvement made to new states by the eighth 
section of the act of Sept. 4, 1841, which act is .hereby re- 
pealed as to the states provided for by this act, and in lieu 
of any claim or demand by the said states, or either of 
them, under the act of Sept. 28, 1850, and sections 2479 of 
the revised statutes, making a grant of swamped and over- 
flowed lands to certain states, which grant it is hereby 
declared is not extended to the states provided for in this 
act, and in lieu of any grant of saline lands to said states, 
the following grants of land are hereby made, towit: 

To the state of South Dakota: For the school of mines, 
40,000 acres; for the reform school, 40,000 acres; for the 
deaf and dumb asylum, 40,000 acres; for the agricultural 
college, 40,000 acres; for the university, 40,000 acres; for 
the state normal schools, 80,000 acres; for public buildings 
at the capital of said state, 50,000 acres; for such other 
educational and charitable purposes as the legislature of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 73 



- - ■- - — - - ■ — ■ ■ - I ■ 

said state may determine, 170,000 acres; in all 500,000 
acres. 

To the state of North Dakota a like quantity of land as 
is in this section granted to the state of South Dakota, and 
to be for like purposes, and in like proportion as far as 
practicable. 

To the state of Montana: For the establishment and 
maintenance of a school of mines, 100,000 acres; for state 
normal schools, 100,000 acres; for agricultural colleges, in 
addition to the grant hereinbefore made for that purpose, 
50,000 acres; for the establishment of a state reform school, 
50,000 acres; for the establishment of a deaf and dumb 
asylum, 50,000 acres; for public buildings at the capital of 
the state, lin addition to the grants hereinbefore made for 
that purpose, 150,000 acres. 

To the state of Washington : For the establishment and 
maintenance of a scientific school, 100,000 acres; for the 
state normal schools, 100,000 acres; for public buildings at 
the state capital in addition to the grant hereinbefore made 
for that purpose, 100,000 acres; for state, charitable, edu- 
cational, penal and reformatory institutions, 200,000 acres. 

That the states provided for in this act shall not be en- 
titled to any further or other grants of land for any pur- 
pose than as expressly provided in this act. And the lands 
granted by this section shall be held, appropriated, and dis- 
posed of exclusively for the pujrposes herein mentioned, in 
such manner as the legislatures of the respective states 
may severally provide. 

Sec. 18. That all mineral lands shall be exempted from 
the grants made by this act. But if sections 16 and 36 or 
any subdivision or portion of any smallest subdivision 
thereof in any township shall be found by the department 
of the interior to be mineral lands said states are hereby 
authorized and empowered to select, in legal subdivisions, 
an equal quantity of other unappropriated lands in said 
states, in lieu thereof, for the use and the benefit of the 
common schools of said states. 

Sec. 19. That all lands granted in quantity or as ind.em- 
nity by this act shall be selected, under the direction of the 
secretary of the interior, from the surveyed, unreserved and 
•unappropriated public lands of the United States within the 
limits of the respective states entitled thereto. And there 
shal'l be deducted from the number of acres of land donated 
by this act for specific objects to said states the number of 
acres in each heretofore donated by congress to said terri- 
tories for similar objects. 

Sec. 20. That the sum of $20,000, or so much thereof as 
may be necessary, is hereby appropriated, out of any money 



74 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, to each of said 
territories for defraying the expenses of ^said conven- 
tions, except to Dakota, for which the sum of $40,000 is so 
appropriated, $20,000 each for South Dakota and North Da- 
kota, and for the payment of the members thereof, under 
the same rules and regulations and at the same rates as are 
now provided by law for the payment of the territorial leg- 
islatures. Any money hereby appropriated not necessary 
for such purpose shall be covered into the treasury of the 
United States. 

Sec. 21. That each of said states, when admitted as afore- 
said, shall constitute one judicial district, the names thereof 
(to be the same as the names of the states, irespectively ; and 
the circuit and district courts therefor shall be held at the 
capital of such state for the time being, and each of said 
districts shall, for judicial purposes, until otherwise pro- 
vided, be attached to the Eighth judicial circuit, . except 
Washington and Montana, which shall be attached to the 
Ninth judicial circuit. There shall be appointed for each 
of said districts one district judge, one United States attor- 
ney, and one United States marshal. The judge of each of 
said districts shall receive a yearly salary of $3,500, pay- 
able in four equal installments, on the first days of Janaury, 
April, July and October of each year, and shall reside in the 
district. There shall be appointed clerks of said courts in 
each district, who shall keep their offices at the capital of 
said state. The regular terms of said courts shall be held 
in each district, at the place aforesaid, on the first Monday 
in April and the first Monday in November of each year, 
and only one grand jury and one petit jury shall be sum- 
moned in both said circuit and district courts. The cir- 
cuit and district courts for each of said districts and the 
judges thereof, respectively, shall possess the same powers 
and jurisdiction, and perform the same duties required to 
be performed by the other circuit and district courts and 
judges of the United States, and shall be governed by the 
same laws and regulations. The marshal, district attor- 
ney and clerks of the circuit and district courts of each of 
said districts, and all other officers and persons performing 
duties in Che administration of justice therein, shall sev- 
erally possess the powers and perform the duties lawfully 
possessed and required to be performed by similar officers 
in other districts of the United States; and shall, for the 
services they may perform, receive the fees and compen- 
sation allowed by law to other similar officers and persons 
performing similar duties in the state of Nebraska. 

Sec. 22. That all cases of appeal or writ of error hereto- 
fore prosecuted and now pending in the supreme court of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 75 

the United States upon any record from the supreme court 
of either of the territories mentioned in this act, or that 
may hereafter lawfully be prosecuted upon any record from 
either of said courts, may be heard and determined by said 
supreme court of the United States. And the mandate of 
execution or of further proceedings shall be directed by the 
supreme court of the United States to the circuit or district 
court hereby established within the state succeeding the 
territory from which such record is or may be pending, or 
to the supreme court of such state, as the nature of the case 
may require; provided, that the mandate of execution or of 
•further proceedings shall, in cases arising in the territory 
of Dakota, be directed by the supreme court of the United 
States to tbe circuit or district court of the district of South 
Dakota, or to the supreme court of the state of South Da- 
kota; or to the circuit or district court of the district of 
North Dakota, or to the supreme court of the state of North 
Dakota, or to the supreme court of the territo»ry of North 
Dakota, as the nature of the case may require. And each 
of the circuit, district and state courts herein named shall, 
respectively, be the successor of the supreme court of ihe 
territory, as to all such cases arising within the limits cm- 
braced within the jurisdiction of such courts respectively, 
with full power to proceed with the same, and award mesne 
or final 'process therein; and that from all judgments and 
decrees of the supreme court of either of the territories 
mentioned in this act, in any case arising within the limits 
of any of the proposed states prior to admission, the parties 
to such judgment shall have the same dght to prosecute ap- 
peals and writs of error to the supreme court of the United 
States as they shall have had by law prior to the admission 
of said state into the union. 

Sec. 23. That in respect to all cases, proceedings and 
matters now pending in the Supreme or district courts of 
either of the territories mentioned in this act at the time of 
the admission into the union of either of the states men- 
tioned in this act, and arising within the limits of any such 
state, whereof the circuit or district courts by this act es- 
tablished might have had jurisdiction under the laws of the 
United States had such courts existed at the time of the 
commencement of such cases, the said circuit and district 
courts, respectively, shall be the successors of said supreme 
and district courts of said territory; and in respect to all 
other cases, proceedings and matters pending in the su- 
preme or district courts of any of the territories mentioned 
in this act at the time of the admission of such territory 
into the union, arising within the limits of said proposed 
^ state, the courts established by such state shall, respect- 



76 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

ively, be "the successors of said supreme and district terri- 
torial courts; and all the files, records, indictments and pro- 
ceedings relating to any such cases shall be transferred to 
such -circuit, district and state courts respectively, and 
the same shall be proceeded with therein in due course of 
law; but no writ, action, indictment, cause or proceeding 
now pending, or that prior to the admission of any of the 
states meittioned in this act shall be pending in any terri- 
torial court in any of the territories mentioned in this act, 
shall abate by the admission of any such state into the 
union, but the same shall be transferred and proceeded with 
in the proper United States circuit, district or state court 
as the case may be; provided, however, that in all civil 
actions, causes and proceedings in which the United States 
is not a party, transfers shall not be made to the circuit and 
district courts of the United States except upon written 
request of one of the parties to such action or proceeding 
filed in the proper court; and in the absence of such re- 
quest, such cases shall be proceeded with in the proper 
state courts. 

Sec. 24. That the constitutional conventions may, by 
ordinance, provide for the election of officers for full state 
governments, including members of the legislatures and 
representatives in the fifty-first congress; but said state 
government shall remain in abeyance until the states shall 
be adimitted into the union, respectively, as provided in this 
act. In case the constitution of any of 'said proposed states 
shall be ratified by the people, but not otherwise, the legis- 
lature thereof may assemble, organize, and elect two sena- 
tors of the United States, and the governor and secretary of 
state of such proposed state shall certify the election of the 
senators and representatives in the manner required by 
law; and when such state is admitted into the union the 
senators and representatives shall be entitled to be admit- 
ted to seats in congress, and to all the rights and privileges 
of senators and representatives of other states in the con- 
gress of the Unkeid States; and the officers of the state 
governments formed in pursuance of said constitutions, as 
provided by the constitutional conventions, shall proceed to 
exercise all the functions of such state officers; and all 
laws in force made by said territories at the time of their 
admission into the union shall be in force in said states, 
except as modified or changed by this act or by the consti- 
tutions of the states, respectively. 

Sec. 25. That all acts or parts of acts in conflict with the 
provisions of this act, whether passed by the legislatures of 
said territories or by congress, are hereby repealed. 



STATE CONSTITUTION 



[Adopted Oct. 1, 1889; yeas, 27,441; nays, 8,107.] 

We, the people of North Dakota, grateful to Almighty 
God for the blessings of civil and religious liberty, do or- 
dain and establish this constitution. 

ARTICLE 1.— Declaration of Rights. 

Section 1. All men are by nature equally free and inde- 
pendent and have certain inalienable rights, among which 
are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquir- 
ing, possessing and protecting property and reputation; and 
pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness. 

Sec. 2. All political power is inherent in the people. Gov- 
ernment is instituted for the protection, security and benefit 
of the people, and they have a right to alter or reform the 
same whenever the public good may require. 

Sec. 3. The state of North Dakota is an inseparable part 
of the American union and the constitution of the United 
States is the supreme law of the land. 

Sec. 4. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious pro- 
fession and worship, without discrimination or preference, 
shall be forever guaranteed in this state, and no per- 
son shall be rendered incompetent to be a witness or juror 
on account of his opinion on matters of religious belief; 
but the liberty of conscience hereby secured shall not be 
so oonsitrued as to excuse acts of licentiousness, or justify 
practices inconsistent with the peace or safety of this state. 

Sec. 5. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall 
not be suspended unless, when in case of rebellion or in- 
vasion, the public safety may require. 

Sec. 6. All persons shall be bailable by sufficient sureties, 
unless for capital offenses, when the proof is evident or the 
presumption great. Excessive bail shall not be required, 
nor excessive fines imposed, nor shall cruel or unusual 
punishments be inflicted. Witnesses shall not be unreason- 
ably detained, nor be confined in any room where criminals 
are actually imprisoned. 

Sec 7. The right of trial by jury shall be secured to all, 
and remain inviolate; but a jury in civil cases, in courts 
not of record, may consist of less than twelve men, as may 
be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 8. Until otherwise provided by law, no person shall, 
for a felony, be proceeded against criminally,, otherwise 



.^ 



LEGISLATIVE M.\XUAL 



-1 Kr^^"^^"-' ^u^^P^ ^" *^^^ ^"5ing in the Ismd or 
" / n w.r '" ^^^ "^^^^^^ ^^^ in ^ct«I service in 
T, ^Wl K.^' P^^^^^ <i^^'-- In aU other di^ 
" 'i\n Tu P^'^^^cuted criminally by indictment or in- 
K.rma.on. i he legislative assen*ly may change, regulate 
,>r aboli>h the grand jury system. ^^ 

St'O. !). Every man may freely write, speak and pdbU&h 

;,^ t.pin.onN on all subjects, being responsible for the ibasc 

. f that privilege. In all civil and criminal trials for libel 

10 truth may be given in evidence, and shall be a sofiBdent 

^. felloe when the matter is published with good motives 

^.>a lor ;m tihable ends; and the jury shall have the same 

,,.,wer ot giving a general verdict as in other cases; and 

u aH maictmeuts or informations for libels the jury shall 

Ki\e the nj^ht to determine the law and the facts under the 

^lirecti^'H of the court, as in other cases. 

Src. 1'* I he citizens have a right, in a peaceable man- 
n r. to a^^enlble together for the common good, and to ap- 
]>:v to those invested with the powers of government for the 
Mtlres^ of grievances, or for other proper purposes, by 

iKtiiion, address or remonstrance. 

See. n. All laws of a general nature shall have a uni- 

ft Mil oi)eration. 

Src. 1-. 1 he military shall be subordinate to the civil 
1» ►vvrr. Xo standing army shall be maintained by this state 
in time of peace, and no soldiers shall, in time of peace, 
1)1' quartered in any house without the consent of the 
c»\vner; nor in time of war, except in the manner pre- 
^eriljed by law. 

See. l.i. In criminal prosecutions in any court whatever, 
tho party accused shall have the right to a speedy and pub- 
lic trial; to have the process of the court to compel the at- 
tiiulanee of witnesses in his behalf; and to appear and 
deteiul in person and with counsel. No person shall be 
iwici- put in jeopardy for the same offense, nor be com- 
pelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, 
nor he deprived of life, liberty or property without due pro- 
cess of law. 

Sec. 1 1. Private property shall not be taken or dam- 
an id for public use without just compensation having been 
lust made to, or paid into court for the owner, and no right 
o\ way shall be appropriated to the use of any corporation, 
other than municipal, until full compensation therefor be 
iwsi made in money or ascertained and paid into court for 
tlie owner, irrespective of any benefit from any improvement 
l>roposeil by such corporation, which compensation shall be 
ascertained by a jury, unless a jury be waived. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA ' 79 



Sec 15. No person shall be imprisoned for debt unless 
upon refusal to deliver up his estate for the benefit of his 
creditors, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law; 
or in cases of tort; or where there is strong presumption 
of fraud. 

Sec. 16. No bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law 
impairing the obligations of contracts shall ever be passed. 

Sec. 17. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, un- 
less for the punishment of crime, shall ever be tolerated in 
this state. 

Sec. 18. The right of the people to be secure in their 
persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable 
searches and seizures, shall not be violated; and no war- 
rant shal'l issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath 
or affirmation, particularly describing the place to be 
searched and the persons and things to be seized. 

Sec. 19. Treason against the state shall consist only in 
levying war against it, adhering to its enemies or giving 
them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of 
treason unless on the evidence of two witnesses to the same 
overt act, or confession in open court 

Sec. 20. No special privileges or immunities shall ever 
be granted which may not be altered, revoked or repealed 
by the legislative assembly; nor shall apy citizen or class 
of citizens be granted privileges or immunities which upon 
ithe same terms shall not be granted to all citizens. 

Sec. 21. The provisions of this constitution are manda- 
tory and prohibitory unless, by express words, they are de- 
clared to be otherwise. 

Sec. 22. All courts shall be open and every man for any 
injury done him in his lands, goods, person or reputation 
shall have remedy by due process of law, and right and 
justice administered without sale, denial or deday. Suits 
may be brought against the state in such manner, in such 
courts and in such cases as the legislative assembly may, 
by law, direct. 

Sec. 23. Every citizen of this state shall be free to obtain 
employment wherever possible, and any person, corpora- 
tion," or agent thereof, maliciously interfering or hindering 
in any way, any citizen from obtaining or enjoying employ- 
ment already obtained, from any other corporation or per- 
son, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. 

Sec. 24. To guard against transgressions of the high 
powers which we have delegated, we declare that every- 
thing in this article is excepted out of the general powers 
of government and shall forever remain inviolate. 



80 • LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



ARTICLE II. — The Legislative Department. 

oec. 25. The legislative power shall be ve&ted in a sen- 
ate and house of representatives. 

fU- 26. The senate shall be composed of not less than 
thirty nor more than fifty members. 

Sec. 27. Senators shall be elected for the term of four 
years, except as hereiinafter provided. 

.Sec. 28. No 'person shall be a senator who is not a qual- 
ified elector in the district in which he may be chosen, and 
who shall not have attained the aige of twenty-five years, 
and have been a resident of the state or territory for two 
years next preceding his election. 

Sec. 29. The legislative assembly shall fix the number 
of senators, and divide the state into as many senatorial 
districts as (there are senators, which districts, as nearly as 
niay be, shall be equal to each other in the number of in- 
habitants entitled to representation. Each district shall 
be entitled to one senator and no nwre, and shall be com- 
posed of compact and contiguous territory; and no portion 
of any county shall be attached to any other covmty, or 
part thereof, so as to form a district. The districts as thus 

ascertained and determined shall continue until changed by 
law. 

Sec. 30. The senatorial districts shall be numbered con- 
secutively from one upwards, according to the number of 
districts prescribed, and the senators shall be divided into 
two classes. Those elected in the districts designated by 
even numbers shall constitute one class, and those elected 
in districts designated by odd numbers shall constitute the 
other class. The senators of one class elected in the year 
1890 shall hold their office for two years, those of the other 
class shall hold their office four years, and the determina- 
tion of the two classes shall be by lot, so that one-half of 
the senators, as neariy as practicable, may be elected bien- 
nially. 

Sec. 3L The senate at the beginning and close of each 
regular session, and at such other times as may be neces- 
sary, shall elect one of its members president pro tempore, 
who may take the place of the lieutenant governor under 
rules prescribed by law. 

Sec. 32. The house of representatives shall be composed 
of not less than sixty nor more than one hundred and forty 
members. 

Sec. 33. Representatives shall be elected for the term of 
two years. 

Sec. 34. No person shall be a representative who is not 
a qualified elector in the district from which he may be 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 81 

:hosen, and who shall not have attained the age of twenty- 
one years, and have been a resident o fthe state or territory 
for two years next preceding his election. 

Sec. 35. The members of the house of representatives 
shall be apportioned to and elected at large from each sen- 
aitorial district. The legislative assembly shall, in the year 
1895, and every tenth year, cause an enumeration to be 
made of all the inhabitants of this state, and shall at its 
first regular session after each such enumeration, and also 
after each federal census, proceed to fix by law the number 
of senators which shall constitute the senate of North Da- 
kota, and the number of representatives which shall con- 
stitute the house of representatives of North Dakota, with- 
in the limits prescribed by this constitution, and at the 
same session shall proceed to reapportion the state into 
senatorial districts, as prescribed by this constitution, and 
to fix the number of members of the house of representa- 
tives to be elected from the several senatorial districts; 
provided, that the legislative assembly may, at any regular 
session, redistrict the state into senatorial districts and 
apportion the senators and representatives respectively. 

Sec. 36. The house of representatives shall elect one of its 
members as speaker. 

Sec. 37. No judge or clerk of any court, secretary of 
state, attorney general, register of deeds, sheriff or person 
holding any office of profit under this state, except in the 
militia, or the office of attorney at law, notary public or jus- 
tice of the peace, and no person holding any office of profit 
or honor under any foreign government, or under the gov- 
ernment of the United States, except postmasters whose 
annual compensation does not exceed the sum of $300, shall 
hold any office in either branch of the legislative assembly 
or become a member thereof. 

Sec. 38. No member of the legislative assembly expelled 
for corruption, and no person convicted of bribery, perjury 
or other infamous crime, shall be eligible to the legislative 
assembly, or to any office in either branch thereof. 

Sec. 39. No member of the legislative assembly shall, 
during the term for which he was elected, be appointed or 
elected to any civil office in this state, which shall have 
been created, or the emoluments of which shall have been 
increased, during the term for which he was elected; nor 
shall any member receive any civil appointment from the 
governor, or governor and senate, during the term of 
which he shall have been elected. 

Sec. 40. If any person elected to either house of the leg- 
islative assembly shall offer or promise to give his vote or * 
influence in favor of, or against, any measure or proposi- 

Blae6ook-8 



82 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



tioh pending or proposed to be introduced into -the legisla- 
tive assembly, in consideration, or upon conditions, that 
any other person • elected to the same legislative assembly 
will give, or will promise or assent to give, his vote or in- 
fluence in favor of or against any other measure or proposi- 
tion pending or proposed to be in-troduced into such legis- 
lative assembly, the person making such offer or promise 
shall be deemed guilty of solicitation of bribery. If any 
member of the legislative assembly shall give his vote or 
influence for or against any measure or proposition, pend- 
ing or proposed (to be introduced into such legislative 
assembly, or offer, promise or assent so to do upon condi- 
tion that any other member will give, promise or assent to 
give his vote or influence in favor of or against any other 
such measure or proposition pending or proposed to be 
introduced into such legislative assembly, or in considera- 
tion that any other member hath given his vote or influ- 
ence for or against any other measure or proposition in 
such legislative assembly, he shall be deem=ed guilty of brib- 
ery. And any person, member of the legislative assembly 
or person elected thereto, who shall be guilty of either such 
offenses, shall be expelled, and shall not thereafter be eligi- 
ble to the legislative assembly, and, on the conviction 
•thereof, in the civil courts, shall be liable to such further 
penalty as may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 41. The term of service of the members of the legis- 
lative assembly shall begin on the first Tuesday in January, 
next after their election. 

Sec. 42. The members of the legislative assembly shall 
in all cases except treason, felony and breach of the peace, 
be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the 
sessions of their respective houses, and in going to or re- 
turning from the same. For words used in any speech or 
debate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any 
other place. 

Sec. 43. Any member who has a personal or private in- 
terest in any measure or bill proposed or pending before 
the legislative assembly, shall disclose -the fact to the house 
of which he is a member and shall not vote thereon with- 
out the consent of the house. 

Sec. 44. The governor shall issue writs of election to 
fill such vacancies as may occur in either house of the legis- 
lative assembly. 

Sec 45. Each member of the legislative assembly shall 
receive as a compensation for his services for each session, 
five dollars per day, and ten cents for every mile of neces- 
sary travel in going to and returning from the place of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 83 

meeting of the legislative assembly on the most usual 
route. 

Sec 46. A majority of the members of each house shall 
constitute a quorum, but a smaller number may adjourn 
from day to day, and may compel the attendance of absent 
members in such a manner and under such a penalty as 
may be prescribed by jlaw. 

Sec 47. Each house shall be the judge of the election re- 
turns and qualifications of its own members. 

Sec. 48. Each house shall have the power to determine 
the rules of proceeding, and punish its members or other 
persons for contempt or disorderly behavior in its pres- 
ence; to protect its members against violence or offers of 
bribes or private solicitation, and with the concurrence of 
two-thirds, to expel a member; and snail have all other 
powers necessary and usual in the legislative assembly of 
a free state. But no imprisonment by either house shall 
continue beyond thirty days. Punishment for contempt 
or disorderly behavior shall not bar a criminal prosecution 
for the same offense. 

Sec. 49. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceed- 
ings, and the yeas and nays on any question shall be taken 
and entered on the journal at the request of one-sixth of 
those present. 

Sec. 50. The sessions of each house and of the commit- 
tee of the whole shall be open unless the business is such 
as ought to be kept secret. 

Sec 51. Neither house shall, without the consent of the 
other, adjourn for more than three days nor to any other 
place than that in which the two houses shall be sitting, 
except in case of epidemic, pestilence or other great danger. 

Sec. 52. The senate and house of representatives jointly 
shall be designated as the legislative assembly of the state 
of North Dakota. 

Sec. 53. The legislative assembly Shall meet at the seat 
of government at 12 o'clock noon on the first Tuesday after 
the first Monday in January, in the year next following the 
election of the members thereof. 

Sec. 54. In all elections to be made by the legislative 
assembly, or either house thereof, the members shall vote 
viva voce,' and their votes shall be entered in the journal. 

Sec. 55. The sessions of the legislative assennbly shall be 
biennial, except as otherwise provided in this constitution. 

Sec. 56. No regular session of the legislative assembly 
shall exceed sixty days, except in case of impeachment, but 
the first session of the legislative assembly may continue 
for a period of one hundred and twenty days. 



84 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Sec. 57. Any bill may originate in either house of the 
legislative assembly, and a bill passed by one house may 
be amended by the other. 

Sec, 58. No law shall be passed , except by a bill adopted 
by both houses, and no bill shall be altered and amended 
on its passage through either house as to change its original 
purpose. 

Sec. 59. The enacting clause of every law shall be as 
follows: "Be it enacted by the Legislative Assembly of the 
State of North Dakota." 

Sec. 60. No bill for the appropriation of money, except 
for the expenses of the government, shall be introduced 
after the (fortieth day of the session, except by unanimous 
consent of the house in which it is sought to be introduced. 

Sec. 61. No bill shall embrace more than one subject, 
which shall be expressed in its title, but a bill which vio- 
lates this provision shall be invalidated thereby only as to 
so much thereof as shall not be so expressed. 

Sec. 62. The general appropriation bill shall embrace 
nothing but appropriations for the expenses of the execu- 
tive, legislative and judicial departments of the state, in- 
terest on the public debt and for public schools. All other 
appropriations shall be made by separate bills, each em- 
bracing but one subject. 

Sec. 63. Every bill shall be read three several times, but 
the first and second readings, and those only, may be upon 
the same day; and the second reading may be by title of 
the bill unless a reading at length be demanded. The first 
and third readings shall be at length. No legislative day 
shall be shorter than the natural day. 

Sec. 64. No bill shall be revised or amended, nor the pro- 
visions thereof extended or incorporated in any other bill 
by reference to its title only, but so much thereof as is 
revised, amended or extended or so incorporated shall be 
re-enacted and published at length. 

Sec. 65. No bill shall become a law except by a vote of 
a majority of all the members-elect in each house, nor un- 
less, on its final passage, the vote be taken by yeas and 
nays, and the names of those voting be entered on the 
journal. 

Sec. Q^, The presiding officer of each house shall, in the 
presence of the house over which he presides, sign all bills 
and joint resolutions passed by the legislative assembly; 
immediately before such signing their title shall be publicly 
read and the fact of signing shall be at once entered on the 
journal. 

Sec. 67. No act of the legislative assembly shall take 
effect until July 1, after the close of the session, unless in 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 85 

case of emergency (which shall be expressed in the pream- 
ble or body of the act) .the legislative assembly shall , by a 
vote of two-thirds of all the members present in each house, 
otherwise direct. 

Sec. 68. The legislative assembly shall pass all laws 
necessary to carry into effect ithe provisions of this consti- 
tution. 

Sec. 69. The legislative assembly shall not pass local or 
special Jaws in any of .the following enumerated cases, that 
is to say: 

1. For granting divorces. 

2. Laying out, opening, altering or working roads or 
highways, vacating roads, town plats, streets, alleys or pub- 
lic grounds. 

3. Locating or changing county seaits. 

4. Regulating county or township affairs. 

5. Regulating the practice of courts of j ustice. 

6. Regulatinjg .the jurisdiction and duties of justices of 
the peace, police magistrates or constables. 

7. Changing the rules of evidence in any trial or in- 
quiry. 

8. Providing for changes of venue in civil or criminal 
cases. 

9. Declaring any person of age. 

10. For limitation of civil actions, or giving effect to 
informal or invalid deeds. 

11. Summoning or impaneling grand or petit juries. 

12. Providing for the management of common schools. 

13. Regulating the rate of interest on money. 

14. The opening or conducting of any election or desig- 
nating the place of voting. 

15. The sale or mortgage of real estate belonging to 
minors or others under disability. 

16. Chartering or licensing ferries, .toll bridges or toll 
roads. 

17. Remitting fines, penalties or forfeitures. 

18. Creating, increasing or decreasing fees, percentages 
or allowances of public officers. 

19. Changing the law of descent. 

20. Granting to any corporation, association or individual 
the right to lay down railroad tracks or any special or ex- 
clusive privilege, immunity or franchise whatever. 

21. For the punishment of crimes. 

22. Changing the names of persons or places. 

23. For the assessment or collection of taxesr. 

24. Affecting estates of deceased persons, minors or oth- 
ers under legal disabilities. 

25. Extending the time for the collection of taxes. 



86 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

26. Refunding money into the state treasury. 

27. Relinquishing or extinguishing in whole or in pan 
the indebtedness, liability or obligation of any corporation 
or person to this state or to any municipal corporation 
therein. 

28. Legalizing, except as against the state, the unau- 
thorized or invalid act of any officer. 

29. Exempting property from taxation. 

30. Restoring to citizenship persons convicted of infam- 
ous crimes. 

31. Authorizing the creation, extension or impairing of 
liens. 

32. Creating offices, or prescribing the powers or duties 
of officers in counties, cities, townsfhip, election or school 
districts, or authorizing the adoption or legitimation of 
children. 

33. IncoiTporation of cities, towns or villages, or chang- 
ing or amending the charter of any town, city or vittage. 

34. Providing for the election of members of the board 
of supervisors in townships, incorporated towns or cities. 

35. The protection of game or fish. 

Sec. 70. In all other cases where a general law can be 
made applicable, no special law shall be enacted; nor shall 
the legislative assembly indirectly enact such special or 
local law by the partial repeal of a general law, but laws 
repealing local or special acts may be passed. 

ARTICLE III. — Executive Department. 

Sec. 71. The executive power shall be vested in a gov- 
ernor, who shall reside at the seat of government and shall 
hold his office for the term of two years and until his suc- 
cessor is elected and duly qualified. 

Sec. 72. A lieutenant governor shall be elected at the 
same time and for the same term as the governor. In case 
of the death, impeachment, resignation, failure to qualify, 
absence from the state, removal from office, or the dis- 
ability of the governor, the powers and duties of the office, 
for the residue of the term, or until he sha'll be acquitted 
or the disability removed, shall devolve upon the lieutenant 
governor. 

Sec 73. No person shall be eligible to the office of gov- 
ernor or lieutenant governor unless he be a citizen of the 
United States, and a qualified elector of the state, who 
shall have attained the age of thirty years, and who shall 
have resided five years next preceding the election within 
the state or territory, nor shall he be eligible to any other 
office during the term for which he shall have been elected. 

Sec. 74. The governor and lieutenant governor shall be 
elected by the qualified electors of the state at the time 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 87 



and places of choosing members of the legislative assembly. 
The persons having the highest number of votes for gov- 
ernor and lieutenant governor respectively shall be' de- 
clared elect €xi, but if two or more shall have an €qual and 
highest number of votes for governor or lieutenant gov- 
ernor, the two houses of the legislative assembly at its next 
regular session shall forthwith, by joint ballot, choose one 
of such persons for said office. The returns of the election 
for governor and lieutenant governor sfhall be made in such 
manner as shall be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 75. The governor shall be commander in chief of 
the military and naval forces of the state, except when they 
shall be called inito the service of the United States, and 
may call out the same to execute the laws, suppress insur- 
rection and repel invasion. He shall have power to con- 
vene ithe legislative assembly on extraordinary occasions. 
He shall at the commencement of each session communi- 
cate to the legislative assembly by message, information of 
the condition of the state, and recommend such measures 
as he shall deem expedient. He shall transact all neces- 
sary business with the officers of the government, civil and 
military. He shall expedite all such measures as may be 
resolved upon by the legislative assembly and shall take 
care that the laws be faithfully executed. 

Sec. 76. The governor shall have power to remit fines 
and forfeitures, to grant reprieves, commutations and par- 
dons after conviction, for all offenses except treason and 
cases of impeachment; but the legislative assembly may by 
law regulate the manner in which the remission of fines, 
pardons, commutations and reprieves may be applied for. 
Upon conviction for treasoci he shall have power to suspend 
the execution of sentence until the case shall be reported 
to the legislative assembly at its next regular session, when 
the legislative assembly shall either pardon or commute the 
sentence, direct the execution of the sentence or grant fur- 
ther reprieve. He shall commnicate to the legislative 
assembly at each regular session each case of remission of 
fine, reprieve, commutation or pardon granted by him, stat- 
ing the name of the convict, the crime for which he is con- 
victed, the sentence and its date, and the date of the re- 
mission, commutation, pardon or reprieve, with his reasons 
for granting the same. 

S€c. 77. The lieutenant governor shall be president of 
the senate, but shall have no vote unless they be equally 
divided. If, during a vacancy in the office of governor, tlie 
lieutenant governor shall be impeached, displaced, resign 
or die, or from mental or physical disease, or otherwise be- 
come incapable of performing the duties of his office, the 



88 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

secretary of state shall act as governor until the vacancy 
shall be filled or the disability removed. 

Sec. 78. W'hen any office shall from any cause become 
vacant, and no mode is provided by the constitution or law 
for filling such vacancy, the governor shall have power to 
fill such vacancy by appointment. 

Sec. 79. Every bill which shall have passed the legisla- 
tive assembly shall, before it becomes a law, be presented 
to the governor. If he approves, he shall sign, but if not, 
he shall return it with his objections, to the house in which 
it originated, which shall enter the objections at large 
upon the journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after 
such reconsideration, two-thirds of the members-elect shall 
agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the 
<ibjections, to the other ihouse, by which it shall .likewise 
be reconsidered, and if it be approved by two-thirds of 
the members-elect, it shall become a law; but in all such 
cases the vote of both houses shall be determined by the 
yeas and nays, and the names of the members voting for 
and against the bill shall be entered upon the journal of 
each house resipectively. If any bill shall not be returned 
by the governor within three days (Sundays excepted) 
after it -shall have been presented to him, the same shall 
be a law unless the legislative assembly, by its adjournment, 
prevent its return, in which case it shall be a law unless he 
shall file (fhe same with his objections in the office of the 
secretary of state within fifteen days after such adjourn- 
ment. 

Sec. 80. The governor shall have power to disapprove 
of any item or items or part or parts .of any bill making 
appropriations of money or property embracing distinct 
items, and the part or parts of <the bill approved shall be 
the law, and the item or items and part or parts disap- 
proved shall be void, unless enacted in the following man- 
ner: If the legislative assembly be in session he shall 
transmit to the house in which the bill originated a copy 
of the item or items, or part or parts thereof disapproved, 
together with his objections thereto, and the items or parts 
objected to shall be separately reconsidered, and eath item 
or part shall then take the same course as is prescribed for 
the passage of bills over the executive veto. 

Sec 81. Any governor of this state who asks, receives 
or agrees to receive, any bribe upon any understanding 
that his official opinion, judgment or action shall be 
influenced thereby, or who gives or offers, or promises his 
official influence in consideration that any member of the 
legislative assembly shall give his official vote or influence 
on any particular side of any question or matter upon 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 89 



which he may be required to act in 'his official capacity, or 
who menaces any member by the threatened use of his 
veto power, or who offers or promises any member that 
he, the said governor, will appoint any particular person 
or persons to any office created or thereafter to be created, 
in consideration that any member shall give his official 
vote or influence on any matter pending or thereafter to be 
introduced into either house of said legislative assembly, 
or who threatens any member that he, the said governor, 
will remove any person or persons from office or position, 
with intent in any manner to influence the action of said 
member, shall be punished in the manner now, or that 
may hereafter be provided by law, and upon conviction 
thereof shall forfeit all right to hold or exercise any office 
of trust or honor in this state. 

Sec 82. There shall be chosen by the qualified electors 
of "the state, at the times and places of choosing members 
of the legislative assembly, a secretary of state, auditor, 
treasurer, superintendent of public instruction, commis- 
sioner of insurance, three commissioners of railroads, an 
attorney general and one commissioner of agriculture and 
labor, who shall have attained the age of twenty-five years, 
shall be citizens of the United States, and shall have the 
qualifications of state electors. They shall severally hold 
their offices at the seat of government, for the term of two 
years and until their successors are elected and duly quali- 
fied, but no person, shall be eligible to the office of treasurer 
for more than two consecutive terms. 

Sec. 83. The powers and duties of the secretary of state, 
auditor, treasurer, superintendent of public instruction, 
commissioner of insurance, commissioners of railroads, at- 
torney general and commissioner of agriculture and labor 
shall be as prescribed by law. 

Sec. 84. Until otherwise provided by law, the governor 
shall receive an annual salary of three thousand dollars ; 
the lieutenant governor shall receive an annual salary of 
one thousand dollars; the secretary of state, auditor, treas- 
urer, superintendent of public instruction, commissioner 
of insurance, commissioners of railroads, and attorney 
general shall each receive an annual salary of two thousand 
dollars ; the salary of the commissioner of agriculture and 
labor shall be as prescribed by law, but the salaries of any 
of the said officers shall not be increased or diminished 
during the period for which they shall have been elected, 
and all fees and profits arising from any of the said offices 
shall be covered into the state treasury. 



90 LEGISLATIVE ' MANUAL 

ARTICLE IV.— Judicial Department 

Sec. 85. The judicial power of the state of North Dakota 
shall be vested in a supreme court, district courts, county 
courts, justices of the peace; and in such other courts as 
may be created by law for cities, incorporated towns and 
villages. 

Sec. 86. The supreme court, except as otherwise pro- 
vided in this constitution, shall have appellate jurisdiction 
only, which shall be co-extensive with the state and shall 
have a • general superintending control over all inferior 
courts under such regulations and limitations as may be 
prescribed by law. 

Sec. 87. It shall have power to issue writs of habeas 
corpus, mandamus, quo warranto, certiorari, injunction and 
such other original and remedial writs as may be necessary 
to the proper exercise of its jurisdiction, and shall have 
authority to hear and determine the same; provided, how- 
ever, that no jury trial shall be allowed in said supreme 
court, but in proper cases questions of fact may be sent by 
said court to a district court for trial. 

Sec. 88. Until otherwise provided by law three terms of 
the supreme court shall be held each year, one at the seat 
of government, one at Fargo in the county of Cass, and one 
at Grand Forks, in the county of Grand Forks. 

Note. — Under the provisions of an act of the legislature, 1903, 
two general terms of the supreme court shall be held each 
year, to be known as the March and September terms, 
and to consist of two sessions each. 

Sec. 89. The supreme court shall consist of three judges, 
a majority of whom shall be necessary to form a quorum 
or pronounce a decision, but one or more of said judges 
may adjourn the court from day to day or to a day certain. 

Sec. 90. The judges of the supreme court shall be elected 
by the qualified electors of the state at large, and' except 
as may be otherwise provided herein for the first election 
for judges under this constitution, said judges shall 'be 
elected at general elections. 

Sec. 91. The term of office of the judges of the supreme 
court except as in this article otherwise provided, shall be 
six years, and they shall hold their offices until their suc- 
cessors are duly qualified. 

Sec. 92. The judges of the supreme court shall, imme- 
diately after the first election under this constitution, be 
classified by lot so that one shall hold his office for the 
term of three years, one for the term of five years, and 
one for the term of seven years from the first Monday in 
December, A. D. 1889. The lots shall be drawn by the 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 91 

judges, who shall for that purpose assemble at the seat 
of government, and they shall cause the result thereof 
to be certified to the secretary of the territory and filed 
in his office, unless the secretary of state of North Dakota 
shall have entered upon the duties of his office, in which 
event said certification shall be filed therein. The judge 
having the shortest term to serve, not holding his office 
by election or appointment to fill a vacancy, shall be chief 
justice and shall preside at all terms of the supreme court, 
and in case of his absence the judge having in like 
manner the next shortest term to serve shall preside in his 
stead. 

« 

Sec. 93. There shall be a clerk and also a reporter of 
the supreme court, who shall be appointed by the judges 
thereof, and who shall hold their offices during the pleasure 
of said judges, and whose duties and emoluments shall be 
prescribed by law and by rules of the supreme court not 
inconsistent with law. The legislative assembly shall 
make provision for the publication and distribution of the 
decisions of the supreme court and for the sale of the pub- 
lished volumes thereof. 

Sec. 94. No person shall be eligible to the office of judge 
of the supreme court unless he be learned in the law, be at 
least thirty years of age and a citizen of the United States, 
nor unless he shall have resided in this state or the terri- 
tory of Dakota three years next preceding his election. 

Sec 95. Whenever the population of the state of North 
Dakota shall equal 600,000 the legislative assembly shall 
have the power to increase the number of judges of the 
supreme court to five, in which event a majority of said 
court, as thus increased, shall constitute a quorum. 

Sec 96. No -duties shall be imposed by law upon the su- 
preme court or any of the judges thereof, except such as 
are judicial, nor shall any of the judges thereof exercise 
any power of appointment . except as herein provided. 

Sec 97. The style of all process shall be "The State of 
North Dakota." All prosecutions shall be carried on in 
the name and by the authority of the state of North Da- 
kota, and conclude "against the peace and dignity of the 
State of North Dakota." 

Sec. 98. Any vacancy happening by death, resignation 
or otherwise in the office of judge of the supreme court 
shall be filled by appointment, by the governor, which ap- 
pointment shall continue until the first general election there- 
after, when said vacancy shall be filled by election. 

Sec. 99. The judges of the supreme and district colirts 
shall receive such compensation for their services as may 
be prescribed by law, which compensation shall not be in- 



92 - - LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

creased or diminished during the term for which a judge 
shall have been elected. 

Sec. 100. In case a judge of the supreme court shall be 
in any way interested in a cause brought before said court 
the remaining judges of said court shall call one of the dis- 
trict judges to sit with them on the hearing of said cause. 

Sec. 101. When a judgment or decree is reversed or con- 
firmed by the supreme court every point fairly arising 
upon the record of the case shall be considered and decided, 
and the reasons therefore shall be concisely stated in writ- 
ing, signed by the judges concurring, filed in the office of 
the clerk of the supreme court, and preserved with a record 
of the case. Any judge dissenting therefrom may give the 
reason of his dissent in writing over his signature. 

Sec. 102. It shall be the duty of the court to prepare a 
syllabus of the points adjudicated in each case, which shall 
be concurred in by a majority of the judges thereof, and it 
shall be prefixed to the publish-ed reports of the case. 

Sec. 103. The district courts shall have original jurisdic!- 
tion, except as otherwise provided in this constitution, of 
all causes both at law and equity, and such appellate juris- 
diction as may be conferred by law. They and the judges 
thereof shall also have jurisdiction and power to issue writs 
of habeas corpus, quo warranto, certiorari, injunction and 
other original and remedial writs, with authority to hear 
and determine the same. 

Sec. 104. The state shall be divided into six judicial dis- 
tricts in each of which there shall be elected at general 
elections by the electors thereof one judge of the district 
court therein whose term of office shall be four years from 
the first Monday in January succeeding his election and 
until his successor is duly qualified. This section shall 
not be construed as governing the first election of district 
judges under this constitution. 

Sec 105. Until otherwise provided by law, said districts 
shall be constituted as follows: 

District No. One shall consist of the counties of Pembina, 
Cavalier, Walsh, Nelson and Grand Forks. 

District No. Two shall consist of the counties of Ramsey, 
Towner, Benson, Pierce, Rolette, Bottineau, McHenry, 
Church, Renville, Ward, Stevens, Mountraille, Garfield, 
Flannery and Buford. 

District No. Three shall consist of the counties of Cass, 
Steele and Traill. 

District No. Four shall consist of t*he counties of Rich- 
land, Ransom, Sargent, Dickey and Mcintosh. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 93 

District No. Five shall consist of the counties of Logan, 
LaMoure, Stutsman, Barnes, .Wells, Foster, Eddy and 
Griggs. 

District No. Six shall consist of the counties of Burleigh, 
Emmons, Kidder, Sheridan, McLean, Morton, Oliver, Mer- 
cer, Williams, Stark, Hettinger, Bowman, Billings, Mc- 
Kenzie, Dunn, Wallace and Allred and that portion of the 
Sioux Indian reservation lying north of the seventh stand- 
ard parallel. 

Note. — In 1895 the first judicial district was made to consist 
of Grand Forks and Nelson counties and the seventh (new) 
judicial district to consist of Walsh, Pembina and Cava* 
lier counties. In 1903 the legislature created the eighth 
district, which comprises the counties of Bottineau, Mc- 
Henry, Ward and Williams (taken from the old first dis- 
trict). 

Sec. 106. The legislative assembly may, wher^er two- 
thirds of. the members of each house shall concm* therein, 
but not oftener than once in four years, increase the num- 
ber of said judicial districts and the judges thereof; such 
districts shall be formed from compact territory and 
bounded by county lines, but such increase or change in the 
boundaries of the districts shall not work the removal of 
any judge from his office during the term for which he 
may have been elected or appointed. 

Sec. 107. No person shall be eligible to the office of dis- 
trict judge, unless he be learned in the law, be at least 
twenty-five years of age, and a citizen of the United States, 
nor unless he shall have resided within the state or terri- 
tory of Dakota at least two years next preceding his elec- 
tion, nor unless he shall at the time of his election be an 
elector within the judicial district for which he is elected. 

Sec. 108. There shall be a clerk of the district court in 
each organized county in which a court is hoi den who shall 
be elected by the qualified electors of the county, and shall 
hold his office for the same term as other county officers. 
He shall receive such compensation for his services as may 
be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 109. Writs of error and appeals may be allowed 
from the decisions of the district courts to the supreme 
court under such regulations as may be prescribed by law. 

COUNTY COURTS. 

Sec. 110. There shall be established in each county a 
county court which shall be a court of record, open at all 
times and holden by one judge, elected by the electors of 
the county, and whose term of office shall be two years. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Sec. 111. The county court shall have exclusive original 
jurisdiction in probate and, testamentary matters, the ap- 
pointment of administrators and guardians, the settlement 
of the accounts of executors, administrators and guardians, 
the sale of lands, by executors, administratoi^s and guard- 
ians, and such other probate jurisdiction as may be con- 
ferred by law; provided, that whenever the voters of any 
county having a population of 2,000 or over shall decide by 
a majority vote that they desire the jurisdiction of 
said court increased above that limited by this constitution, 
then said county court shall have concurrent jurisdiction 
with the district courts in all civil actions where the 
amount in controversy does not exceed $1,000, and in all 
criminal actions below the grade of felony, and in case it 
is decided by the voters of any county to so increase the 
jurisdiction of said county court, the jurisdiction in cases 
of misdeiaeanors arising under state laws which may have 
been conHrred upon police magistrates shall cease. The 
qualifications of the judge, of the county court in counties 
where the jurisdiction of said court shall have been in- 
creased shall be the same as those of the district judge, 
except that he shall be a resident of the county at the 
time of his election, and said county judge shall receive 
such salary for his services as may be provided by law. 
In case the voters of any county decide to increase the 
jurisdiction of said county courts, then such jurisdiction 
as thus increased shall remain until otherwise provided 
by law. 

JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

Sec. 112. The legislative assembly shall provide by law 
for the election of justices of the peace in each organized 
county within the state. But the number of said justices 
to be elected in each organized county shall be limited by 
law to such a number as shall be necessary for the proper 
administration of justice. The justices of the peace here- 
in provided for shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the 
district court in all civil actions when the amount in con- 
troversy, exclusive of costs, does not exceed $200, and in 
counties where no county court with criminal jurisdiction 
exists they shall have such jurisdiction to hear and deter- 
mine cases of misdemeanor as may be provided by law, but 
in no case shall said justices of the peace have jurisdiction 
when the boundaries of or title to ceal estate shall come in 
question. The legislative assembly shall have power to 
iabolish the office of justice of the peace and confer that 
jurisdiction upon judges of county courts or elsewhere. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 95 



.POLICE MAGISTRATES. 

Sec. 113. The legislative assembly shall provide by law 
for die election of police magistrates in cities, incorporated 
towns and villages, who in addition to their jurisdiction of 
all cases arising under the ordinances of said cities, towns 
and villages, s;hall be ex officio justices of the peace of the 
county in which said cities, towns and villages may be 
located. And the legislative assembly may confer upon 
said police magistrates the jurisdiction to .hear, try and 
•determine all cases of misdemeanors, and the prosecutions 
therein shall be by information. 

Sec. 114. Appeals shall lie from the county court, final 
■decisions of justices of the peace and police magistrates in 
such cases and pursuant to such regulations as may be pre- 
scribed by law. 

MISCELLANEOUS. PROVISIONS. 

Sec. 115. The time of .holding courts in the several 
counties of a district shall be as prescribed by law, but at 
•least two terms of the district court shall be held annually 
in each organized county, and the legislative assembly 
shall make provision for attaching unorganized counties or 
territories to organized counties for judicial purposes. 

Sec. 116. Judges of the district courts may hold court in 
other districts . than their own under such regulations as 
shall be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 117. No judge of the supreme or district court shall 
act as attorney or counselor at law. 

Sec. 118. Until the legislative assembly shall provide 
by law for fixing the terms of court, the judges of the su- 
preme and district courts shall fix the terms thereof. 

Sec. 119. No judge of the supreme or district courts 
shall be elected or appointed to any other than judicial 
ofikes or be eligible thereto during the term for which he 
was elected or appointed such judge. All votes or appoint- 
ments for either of them for any elective or appointive 
office except that of judge of the supreme court, or district 
court, given by the legislative assembly or the peoeple, shall 
be void. 

Sec. 120. Tribunals of conciliation may be established 
with such powers and duties as shall be prescribed by law 
or the powers and duties of such may be conferred upon 
other courts of justice; but such tribunals or other courts 
when sitting as such, shall have no power to render judg- 
ment to be obligatory on the parties, unless they volun- 
tarily submit their matters of difference and agree to abide 
the judgment of such tribunals or courts. 



96 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

ARTICLE v.— Elective Franchise. 

Sec. 121. Every ma'le person of the age of twenty-one 
years and upwards belonging to either of the following 
classes, who shall have resided in the state one year, in 
the county six months and in the precinct ninety days next 
preceding any election, shall be deemed a qualified elector 
at such election: 

First. Citizens of the United States. 

Second. Persons of foreign birth who shall have de- 
clared their intention to ^become citizens one year and not 
more than six years prior to such election, conformably to 
the naturalization laws of the United States. 

Third. Civilized persons of Indian descent who shall 
have severed their tribal relations two years next preceding 
such election. 

Note. — This section amended by Article 2, amendments to the 
constitution. 

Sec. 122. The legislative assembly shall be empowered 
to make further extensions of suflfrage hereafter, at its dis- 
cretion, to all citizens of mature age and sound mind, not 
convicted of crime, without regard to sex; but no law ex- 
tending or restricting: the right of suffrage sJiall be in force 
until adopted by a majority of the electors of the state vot- 
ing at a general election. 

Sec. 123. Electors shall in all cases except treason, fel- 
ony, breach of the peace or i41egal voting, be privileged 
from arrest on the days of election during their attendance 
at, going to and returning from such election, and no 
elector shall be obliged to perform military duty on the day 
of election, except in time of war or public danger. 

Sec. 124. The general elections of the state shall be 
biennial, and shall be held on the first Tuesday after the 
first Mx)nday in November; nrovided, that the first general 
election under this constitution shall be held on the first 
Tuesday after the first Monday in November, A. D. 1890. 

Sec. 125. No elector shall be deemed to have lost his 
residence in this state by reason of his absence on business 
of the United States or of this state or in the military or 
naval service of the United States. 

Sec. 126. No soldier, seaman or marine in the army or 
navy of the United States shall be deemed a resident of 
this state in consequence of his being stationed therein. 

Sec. 127. No person who is under guardianship, non 
compos mentis, or insane, shall be qualified to vote at any 
election, nor shall any person convicted of treason or fel- 
ony, unless restored to civil rights. ^ 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 97 



Sec. 128. Any woman having the qualifications enumer- 
ated in section 121 of this article, as to age, residence and 
citizenship, and including those now qualified by the laws 
of the territory, may vote for all school officers, and upon 
all questions pertaining solely to school matters, and be 
eligible to any school office. 

Sec 129. All elections by the people shall be by secret 
ballot, subject to such regulations as shall be provided by 
law. 

ARTICLE VI. — Municipal Corporations. 

Sec. 130. The legislative assembly shall provide by gen- 
eral law for the organization of municipal corporations, 
restricting their powers as to levying taxes and assess- 
ments, borrowing money and contracting debts; and money 
raised by taxation, loan or assessment for any puipose shall 
not be diverted to any other purpose except by authority of 
law. 

ARTICLE VII.— -Corporations Other Than Municipal. 

Sec. 131. No charter of incorporation shall be granted, 
changed or amended by special law, except in the case of 
such municipal, charitable, educational, penal or reforma- 
tory corporations as may be under the control of the state; 
but the legislative assembly shall provide by general laws 
for the organization of all corporations hereafter to be 
created, and any such law, so passed, shall be subject to 
future repeal or alteratioif. 

Sec. 132. All existing charters or grants of special or 
exclusive privileges, under which a bona fide organization 
shall not have taken place and business been commenced 
in good faith at the time this constitution takes effect, 
shall thereafter have no validity. 

Sec 133. The legislative assembly s-hall not remit the 
forfeiture of the charter to any corporation now existing, 
nor alter or amend the same, nor pass any other general 
or special law for the benefit of -such corporation, except 
upon the condition that such corporation shall thereafter 
hold its charter subject to the provisions of this constitu- 
tion. 

Sec. 134. The exercise of the right of eminent domain 
shall never be abridged, or so construed as to prevent the 
legislative assembly from taking the property and fran- 
chises of incorporated companies and subjecting them to 
public use, the same as the proptrty of indviduals; and 
the exercise of the police power of this state shall never 
be abridged, or so construed as to permit corporations to 

Bine Book - 9 



98 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

conduct their business in such a manner as to infringe 
<\he equal rights of individuals or the general well being 
of the state. ^ 

Sec. 136. In all elections for directors or managers of a 
corporation, each member or shareholder may cast the 
whole number of his votes for one candidate, or distribute 
them upon two or more candidates, as he may prefer. 

Sec. 136. No foreign corporation shall do business in 
this state without having one or more .places of business 
and an authorized agent or agents in the same, upon whom 
process may be served. 

Sec. 137. No corporation shall engage in any business 
other than that expressly authorized in its charter. 

Sec. 138. No corporation shall issue stock or bonds ex- 
cept for money, labor done, or money or property actually 
received; and all fictitious increase of stock or indebted- 
ness shall be void. The stock and indebtedness of cor- 
porations shall not be increased except in pursuance of 
general law, nor without the consent of the persons hold- 
ing the larger amount in value of the stock first obtained 
at a meeting to be held after sixty days' notice given in 
pursuance of law. 

Sec. 139. No law shall be passed by the legislative as- 
sembly granting the right to construct and operate a street 
railroad, telegraph, telephone or electric light plant with- 
in any city, town or incorporated village, without requir- 
ing the consent of the local authorities having the control 
of the street or highway proposed to be occupied for such 
purposes. 

Sec. 140. Every railroad corporation organized and do- 
ing business in this state under the laws or authortiy 
thereof, shall have and maintain a public office or place 
in the state for the transaction of its business, where 
transfers of its stock shall be made and in whidh shaU 
be kept for public inspection books in which shall be re- 
corded the amount of capital stock subscribed, and by 
whom, the names of the owners of its stock' and the 
amount owned by them respectively; the amount of stock 
paid in and by whom and the transfers of said stock; the 
amount of its assets and liabilities and the names and 
place of residence of its officers. The directors of every 
railroad corporation shall annually make a report, under 
oath to the auditor of public accounts, or some officer or 
officers to be designated by law, of all their acts and 
doings, which report shall include such matters relating to 
railroads as may be prescribed by law, and the legislative 
assembly shall pass laws enforcing by suitable penalties 
the provisions of this section; provided, the provisions of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 99 

f 

this section shall not be so construed as to apply to foreign 
corporations. 

Sec. 141. No railroad corporation shall consolidate its 
stock, property or franchises with any other railroad cor- 
poration owning a parallel or competing line; and in no 
case sliall any consolidation take place except upon pub- 
lic notice given at least sixty days to all stockholders, in 
such manner as may be provided by law. Any attempt to 
evade the provisions of this -section by any railroad corpo- 
ration by lease or otherwise, shall work a forfeiture of its 
charter. 

Sec. 142. Railways heretofore constructed, or that may 
hereafter be constructed in this state, are hereby declared 
public highways, and all railroads, sleeping car, telegraph, 
'telephone and transportation companies of passengers, intel- 
ligence and freight are declared to be common carriers and 
subject to legislative control; and the legislative assem- 
bly shall have power to enact laws regulating and con- 
trolling the rates of charges for the transportation of pas- 
sengers, intelligence and freight, as such common carriers, 
from one point to another in this state; provided, that 
appeal may be had to the courts of this state from the rates 
so fixed; but the rates fixed by the legislative assembly 
or board of railroad commissioners shall remain in force 
pending the decision of the courts. 

Sec. 143. Any association or corporation organized for 
the purpose shall have the right to construct and operate 
a railroad between any points within this state, and to 
connect at the state line with the railroads of other states. 
Every railroad company shall have the right with its road 
to intersect, copnect with or cross any other, and shall 
receive and transport each other's passengers, tonnage and 
cars, loaded or empty, without delay or discrimination. 

Sec. 144. The term "corporation" as used in this article 
shall not be understood as embracing municipalities or 
political subdivisions of the state unless otherwise expressly 
stated, but it shall be held and construed to include all 
associations and joint stock companies having any of the 
powers or privileges of corporations not possessed by in- 
dividuals or partnerships. 

Sec 145. If a general banking law be enacted, it shall 
provide for the registry and countersigning by an officer 
of the state, of all notes or bills designed for circulation, 
and that ample security to the full amount thereof shall be 
deoosited with the state treasurer for the redemption of 
such notes or bills. 

Sec. 146. Any combination between individuals, corpo- 
rations, associations, or either, having for its object or 



100 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

— ^ , « 

effect the controlling of the price <Si any product of the 
soil or any article of manufacture or commerce, or the cost 
of exchange or transportation, is prohibited and hereby 
declared unlawful and against public policy; and any and 
all franchises heretofore granted or extended, or that may 
hereafter be granted or extended in thi-s state, -whenever 
the owner or owners thereof violate this article, shall be 
deemed annulled and become void. 

ARTICLE VIIL— Education. 

Sec. 147. A high degree of intelligence, patriotism, in- 
tegrity and morality on the part of every voter in a gov- 
ernment by the people being necessary in order to insure 
the continuance of that government and the prosperity 
and happiness of the people, the l^islative assembly shall 
make provision for the establishment and maintenance of 
a system of public schools which shall be open to all chil- 
dren of the state of North Dakota and free from sectarian 
control. This legislative requirement shall be irrevocable 
without the consent of the United States and the people of 
North Dakota. 

Sec. 148. The legislative assembly shall provide, at its 
first session after the adoption of this constitution, for a 
uniform system for free public schools throughout the 
state, beginning with the primary and extending through 
all grades up to and including the normal and collegiate 
course. 

Sec. 149. In all schools instruction shall be given as far 
as practicable in those branches of knowledge that tend to 
impress upon the mind the vital importance of truthfulness, 
temperance, purity, public spirit, • and respect for honest 
labor of every kind. 

Sec. 150. A superintendent of schools for each county shall 
be elected every two years, whose qualifications, duties, pow- 
ers and compensation shall be fixed by law. 

Sec. 151. The legislative assembly shall take such other 
steps as may be necessary to prevent illiterapy, secure a 
reasonable degree of uniformity in course of study, and to 
promote industrial, scientific and agricultural improve- 
ments. 

Sec. 152. All colleges, universities and other educa- 
tional institutions, for the support of which lands have 
been granted to this state, or which are supported by a 
public tax, shall remain under the absolute and exclusive 
control of the state. No money raised for the support of 
the public schools of the state shall be appropriated to or 
used for the support of any sectarian school. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 101 

ARTICLE IX. — School and Public Lands. 

Sec. 153. All proceeds of the public lands that have 
heretofore been or may hereafter be granted by the 
United States for the Support of the common schools in 
this state; all such per centum as may be granted by the 
United States on the sale of public lands; the proceeds of 
property that shall fall to the state by escheat; the pro- 
ceeds of all gifts and donations to the state for common 
schools, or not otherwise appropriated by the terms of the 
gift, and all other property otherwise acquired for common 
schools, shall be and remain a perpetual fund for the main- 
tenance of the common schools of the state. It shall be 
deemed a trust fund, the principal of which shall forever 
remain inviolate and may be increased but never dimin- 
ished. The state shall make good all losses thereof. 

Sec 154. The interest and income of this fund together 
with the net proceeds of all fines for violation of state 
laws, and all other sums which may be added thereto by 
law shall be faithfully used and applied each year for the 
benefit of the common schools of the state, and shall be for 
this purpose apportioned among and between all the sev- 
eral common school corporations of the state in proportion 
to the number of children in each of school age, as may be 
fixed by daw, and no part of the fund shall ever be diverted 
even temporarily, from this purpose, or used for any other 
purpose whatever than the maintenance of common schools 
for the equal benefit of all the people of the state; provided, 
however, that if any portion of the interest or income 
aforesaid be not expended during any year, said portion 
shall 'be added to and become a part of the school fund. 

Sec. 155. After one year from the assembling of the 
first legislative assembly the lands granted to the state 
from the United States for the support of the common 
schools may be sold upon the following conditions and no 
other: No more than one-fourth of all such lands shall 
be sold within the first five years after the same become 
saleable by virtue of this section. No more than one-half 
of the remainder within ten years after the same become . 
saleable as aforesaid. The residue may be sold at any 
time after the expiration of said ten years. The legisla- 
tive assembly shall provide for the sale of all school lands 
subject to the provisions of this article. The coal lands of 
the state shall never be sold, but the legislative assembly 
may by general laws provide for leasing the same. The 
words "coal lands" shall include lands bearing lignite coal. 

Sec. 156. The superintendent of public instruction, gov- 
ernor, attorney general, secretary of state and state auditor 
shall constitute a board of commissioners, which shall be 



102 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

denominated the "Board of University and School Lands" 
and, subject to the provisions of this article, and any 
law that may be passed by the legislative assembly, said 
board shall have control of the appraisement, sale, rental 
and disposal of aU school and university lands, and shall 
direct the investment of the funds arising therefrom in the 
hands of the state treasurer, under the limitations in sec- 
tion 160 of this article. 

Sec. 157. The county superintendent of common schools, 
the chairman of the county board and the county auditor 
s'hall constitute boards of appraisal, and under the author- 
ity of the state board of university and school lands shall 
appraise all school lands within their respective counties 
which they may from time to time recommend for sale at 
their actual value under the prescribed terms, and shall 
first select and designate for sale the most valuable lands. 

Sec. 158. No land shall be sold for less than the ap- 
praised value and in no case for less than $10 per acre. 
The purchaser shall pay one-fifth of the price in cash and 
the remaining four-fifths as follows: One-fifth in five 
years, one-fifth in ten years, one-fifth in fifteen years and 
one-fifth in twenty years, with interest at the rate of not 
less than six per centum, payable annually in advance- 
All sales Sihall be held at the county seat of the county in 
which the land to be sold is situate, and shall be at pub- 
lic auction and to the highest bidder, after sixty days' ad- 
vertisement of the same in a newspaper of general circula- 
tion in the vicinity of the lands to be sold, and one at the 
seat of government. Such lands as shall not have been 
specially subdivided shall be offered in tracts of one-quar- 
ter section, and those so subdivided in the smallest subdi- 
visions. All lands designated for sale and not sold within 
two years after appraisal shall be reappraised before they 
are sold. No grant or patent for any such lands shall 
issue until payment is made for the same; provided, that 
the lands contracted to be sold by the state shall be sub- 
ject to taxation from the date of such contract. In case 
the taxes assessed against any of said lands for any year 
remain unpaid until the first Monday in October of the fol- 
lowing year, then and thereupon the contract of sale for 
such lands shall become null and void. 

Sec. 159. AM lands, money or other property donated, 
granted or received from the United States or any other 
source for a university, school of mines, reform school, 
agricultural college, deaf and dumb asylum, normal school 
or other educational or charitable institution or purpose, 
and the proceeds of all such lands and other property so 
received from any source, shall be and remain perpetual 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 103 

m 

funds, the interest and income of which, together with the 
rents of adl such lands as may remain unsold, shall be in- 
violably appropriated and applied to the specific objects of 
the original grants or gifts. The principal of every such 
fund may be increased but shall never be diminished, and 
the interest and income only shall be used. Every such 
fund shall be deemed a trust fund- held by the state, and 
the state shall make good all losses thereof. 

Sec. 160. A/Il lands mentioned in the preceding section 
shall be appraised and sold in the same manner and under 
the same limitations and subject to all the conditions as to 
price and sale as provided above "for the appraisal z^nd sale 
of lands for the benefit of common schools; but a distinct 
and separate account shall be kept by the proper officers of 
each of said funds; provided, that the limitations as to 
the time in which school land may be sold shall apply only 
to lands granted for the support of common schools. 

Sec. 161. The legislative assembly shall ihave authority 
to provide by law for the leasing of lands granted to. the 
state for educational and charitable purposes; but no such 
law shall authorize the leasing of said lands for a longer 
period than five years. Said lands shall only be leased for 
pasturage and meadow purposes and at a public auction 
after notice as heretofore provided in case of sale; pro- 
vided, that all of said school lands now under cultivation 
may be leased, at the discretion and under the control of 
the board of university and school lands, for other than 
pasturage and meadow purposes until sold. All rents shall 
be paid in advance. 

Sec. 162. The moneys of the permanent school fund and 
other educational funds shall be invested only in bonds of 
school corporations within the state, bonds of the United 
States, bonds of the state of North Dakota, or in first mort- 
gages on farm lands in the state, not exceeding in amount 
one-third of the actual value of any subdivision on which 
the same may be loaned, such value to be determined by 
the board of appraisers of school lands. 

Sec. 163. No law shall ever be passed by the legislative 
assembly granting to any person, corporation or association 
any privileges by reason of the occupation, cultivation or 
improvement of any public lands by said person, corpora- 
tion or association subsequent to the survey thereof by the 
general government. No claim for the occupation, culti- 
vation or improvement of any public lands shall ever be 
recognized, nor shall such occupation, cultivation or im- 
provement of any public lands ever be used to diminish, 
either directly or indirectly, the purchase price of said 
lands. 



104 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Sec. 164. The legislative assembly shall have authority 
to provide by law for the sale or disposal of all public lands 
that have been heretofore, or may hereafter be granted by 
ithe United States to the state for purposes other than set 
forth and named in sections 153 and 159 of this article. 
And the legislative assembly, in providing for the appraise- 
ment, sale, rental and disposail of the same, shall not be 
subject to the provisions and limitations of this article. 

Sec. 165. The legislative assembly shall pass suitable 
laws for the safe keeping, transfer and disbursement of the 
state school funds; and shall require all officers charged 
with the same or the safe keeping thereof to give ample 
bonds for all moneys and funds received by them, and if 
any of said officers shall convert to his own use in any man- 
ner or form, or shall loan with or without interest or shall 
deposit in his own name, or otherwise than in the name of 
the state of North Dakota, or shall deposit in any banks or 
witluany person or persons, or exchange for other funds or 
property any portion of the school funds aiforesaid, or pur- 
posely allow any portion of the same to remain in his own 
hands uninvested, except in the manner prescribed by law, 
every such act shall constitute an embezzlement of so much 
of the aforesaid school funds as shall be thus taken or 
loaned, or deposited, or exchanged, or withheld, and shall 
be a felony; and any failure to pay over, produce or account 
for the state school funds or any part of the same entrusted 
to any suoh officer, as by law required or demanded, shall 
be held and be taken to be prima facie evidence of such 
embezzlement. 

ARTICLE X. — ^County and Township Organization. 

Sec. 166. The several counties in the territory of Da- 
kota lying north of the seventh standard parallel as they 
now exist, are hereby declared to be counties of the state 
of North Dakota. 

Sec. 167. The legislative assembly shall provide by gen- 
eral law for organizing new counties, locating the county 
seats thereof temporarily, and changing county lines, but 
no new county shall be organized, nor shall any organized 
county be so reduced as to include an area of less than 
twenty- four congressional townships, and containing a popu- 
lation of less than one thousand bona fire inhabitants. 
And in the organization of new counties and in changing 
the lines of organized counties and boundaries of congres- 
sional townships, the natural boundaries shall be observed 
as nearly as may be. 

Sec. 168. All changes in the boundaries of organized 
counties before taking effect shall be submitted to the elect- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 105 



ors of the county or counties to be aflFected thereby at a 
general election and be adopted by a majority of all the 
l^gal votes cast in each county at such election ; and in case 
any portion of an organized county is stricken off and 
added to another the county <to which such portion is added 
shall assume and be holden for an equitable proportion of 
the indebtedness of the county so reduced, 

Sec. 169. The legislative assembly shall provide by gen- 
eral law, for changing county seats in organized counties, 
but it shall have no power to remove the county seat of any 
organized county. 

Sec. 170. The legislative assembly shall provide by gen- 
eral law for township organization, under which any 
county may organize, whenever a majority of all the legal 
voters of such county, voting at a general election, shall so 
-determine, and whenever any county shall adopt township 
organization, so much of this constitution as provides for 
the managefment of the fiscal concerns of said county by the 
board of county commissioners may be dispensed with by a 
majority vote of the people voting at any general election; 
and the affairs of said county may be transacted by the 
chairmen of the several township boards of said county, 
and such others as may be provided by law for incorporated 
cities, towns or villages within such county. 

Sec. 171. In any county that shall have adopted a sys- 
tem of government by the chairmen of the several township 
boards, the question of continuing the same may be sub- 
mitted to the electors of such county at a general election 
in such a manner as may be provided by law, and if a ma- 
jority of all the votes cast upon such question shall be 
against said system of government, then such system shall 
cease in said county, and the affairs of said county shall 
then be transacted by a board of county commissioners as 
is now provided by the laws of the territory of Dakota. 

Sec. 172. Until the system of county government by the 
chairmen of the several township boards is adopted by any 
county, the fiscal affairs of said county shall be transacted 
by a board of county commissioners. Said board shall con- 
sist of not less than three and not more than five members, 
whose terms of office shall be prescribed by law. Said board 
shall hold sessions for the transaction of county business 
as shall be provided by law. 

Sec. 173. At the first general election held after the 
adoption of this con««titution , and every two years there- 
after, there shall be elected in each organized county in the 
state, a county judge, clerk of court, register of deeds, 
county auditor, treasurer, sheriff and state's attorney, who 
shall be electors of the county in which they are elected. 



106 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



and who shall hold their office until their successors arc 
elected and qualified. The legislative assembly shall pro- 
vide by law for such other, county, township and district 
officers as may be deemed necessary, and shall prescribe the 
duties and compensation of all county, township and dis- 
trict officers. The sheriff and treasurer of any county shaJl 
not hold th'eir respective offices for more than four yeai-s 
in succession. 

ARTICLE XL — ^Revenue and Taxation. 

Sec. 174. The legislative assembly shall provide for rais- 
ing revenue sufficient to defray the expenses of the state 
for each year, not to exceed in any one year four (4) mills 
on the dollar of the assessed valuation of all taxable prop- 
erty in the state, to be ascertained by the last assessment 
made for state and county purposes, and also a sufficient 
sum to pay the interest on the state debt. 

Sec 175. No tax shall be levied except in pursuance of 
law, and every law imposinig a tax shall state distinctly the 
object of the same, to which only it shall be applied. 

Sec. 176. Laws shall be passed taxing by uniform rule 
a/11 property according to its true value in money, but the 
property of the United States and the state, county and 
municipal corporations, both read and personal, shall be ex- 
empt from taxation, and the legislative assembly shall by 
a general law exempt from taxation property used exclu- 
sively for school, religious, cemetery or charitable purposes 
and personal property to any amount not exceeding in value 
two hundred dollars for each individual liable to taxation; 
but the legislative assembly may, by law, provide for the 
payment of a per centum of gross earnings of railroad com- 
panies to be paid in lieu of all state, county, township and 
school taxes on property exclusively used in and about the 
prosecution of the business of such companies as common 
carriers, but no real estate of said corporations shall be 
exempted from taxation, in the same manner, and on the 
same basis as other real estate is taxed, except road-bed, 
right of way, shops and buildings used exclusively in their 
business as common carriers, and whenever and so long as 
such law providing for the payment of a per centum on 
earnings shall be in force, that part of section 179 of this 
article relating to assessment of railroad property shall cease 
to be in force. 

Sec. 177. All improvements on lands shall be assessed 
in accordance with section 179, but plowing shall not be 
considered as an improvement or add to the value of land 
for the purpose of assessment. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 107 

Sec. 178. The power of taxation shall never be surren- 
dered or suspended by any grant or contract to which the 
state or any county or other municipal corporation shall 
be a party. 

Sec 179. All property, except as hereinafter in this sec- 
tion provided, shall be assessed in the county, city, town- 
ship, town, village or district in which it is situated, in the 
manner prescribed by law. The franchise, roadway, road- 
bed, rails and rolling stock of all railroads operated in this 
state shall be assessed by the state board of equalization 
at their actual value and such assessed valuation shall be 
apportioned to the counties, cities, towns, townships and 
districts in. which said roads are located, as a basis for tax- 
ation of such property in proportion to the number of miles 
of railway laid in such counties,, cities, towns, townships 
and districts. 

Sec. 180. The legislative assembly may provide for the 
•levy, collection and disposition of an annual poll tax of not 
more than one dollar and fifty cents on every male inhab- 
itant of this state over twenty-one and under fifty years of 
age, except paupers, idiots, insane persons and Indians not 
taxed. 

Sec. 181. The legislative assembly shall pass all laws 
necessary to carry out the provisions of this article. 

ARTICLE XII.— Public Debt and Public Works. 

Sec. 182. The state may, to meet casual deficits or fail- 
ure in the revenue, or in case of extraordinary emergencies, 
contract debts, but such debts shall never in the aggregate 
exceed the sum of $200,000, exclusive of what may be the 
debt of North Dakota at the time of the adoption of this 
constitution. Every such debt shall be authorized by law 
for certain purposes to be definitely mentioned therein, 
and every such law shall provide for levying an annual tax 
sufficient to pay the interest semi-annually, and the princi- 
pal within thirty years from the passage of such law, and 
shall specially appropriate the proceeds of such tax to the 
payment of said principal and interest, and such approria- 
tion shall not be repealed nor the tax discontinued until 
such debt, both principal and interest, shall have been fully 
paid. No debt in excess of the limit named shall be in- 
curred except for the purpose of repelling invasion, sup- 
pressing insurrection, defending the state in time of war, 
or to provide for public defense in case of threatened hos- 
tilities; but the issuing of new bonds to refund existing 
indebtedness, shall not be construed to be any part or por- 
tion of said $200,000. 



108 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Sec. 183. The debt of any county, township, city, town, 
school district or any other political subdivision, shall never 
exceed five (5) per centum upon the assessed v-alue of tne 
taxable property therein; provided, that any incorporated 
city may, by a two-thirds vote, increase sudi indebtedness 
three per centum on such assessed value beyoml said five 
per cent limit. In estimating the indebtedness which a 
city, county, township, school district or any other political 
subdivision may incur, the entire amount of existing in- 
debtedness, whether contracted prior or subsequent to the 
adoption of this constitution shall be included; provided, 
further, that any incorporated city may become indebted 
in any amount not exceeding four per centum on such 
atssessed value without regard to the existing indebtedness 
of such city, for the purpose of constructing or purchasing 
water works for furnishing a supply of water to the inhab- 
itants of such city, or for the purpose of constructing sew- 
ers, and for no other purpose whatever. AIJ bonds or ob- 
ligations in excess of the amount of indebtedness permitted 
by this constitution, given by any city, county, township, 
town, school district' or any other political subdivision, shall 
be \"oid. 

Sec. 184. Any city, county, township, town, school dis- 
trict or any other political subdivision incurring indebted- 
ness shall at or before the time of so doing, provide for the 
collection of an annual tax sufficient to pay the interest and 
also the principal thereof when due, and all laws or ordi- 
nances providing for the payment of the interest or prin- 
cinal of any debt shall be irrepealable until isuch debt be 
paid. 

Sec. 185. Neither the state, nor any county, city, town- 
ship, town, school district or any other political subdi- 
vision shall loan or give its credit or make donations to or 
in aid of any individual, association or corporation, except 
ior necessary support of the poor, nor subscribe to or be- 
come the owner of the capital stock of any association or 
coirporation, nor shall the state engage in any work of in- 
ternal improvement unless authorized by a two-thirds vote 
of the people. 

Sec. 186. No money shall be. paid out of the state treas- 
ury except upon appropriation by law and on warrant 
drawn by the proper officer, and no bills, claims, accounts 
CMT demands against the state or any county or other politi- 
cal subdivision, shall be audited, allowed or paid until a 
full, itemized statement in writing shall be filed with the 
\»ttU'er or officers whose duty it may be to audit the same. 

Sec. 187. No bond or evidence of indebtedness of the 
^tate shall be valid unless the same shall have endorsed 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 109 

thereon a certificate signed by the auditor and secretary of 
state, showing that the bond or evidence of debt is issued 
pursuant to Jaw and is within the debt limit No bond or 
evidence of debt of any county, or bond of any township 
or other poh'tical subdivision shall be valid unless the same 
have endorsed thereon a certificate signed by the county 
auditor, or other officer authorized by law to sign such cer- 
tificate, stating that said bond, or evidence of debt, is issued 
pursuant to law and is within the debt limit. 

ARTICLE XIIL— Militia. 

Sec. 188. The militia of this state shall consist of all 
able bodied male persons residing in the state, between the 
ages of eighteen and forty-five years, except such as may 
be exempted by the laws of the United States or of this 
state. Persons whose religious tenets or conscientious 
scruples forbid them to bear arms shall not be compelled 
to do so in times of peace, but shall pay an equivalent for 
a personal service. 

Sec. 189. The militia shall be enrolled, organized, uni- 
formed, armed and disciplined in such a manner as shall 
be provided by law, not incompatible with the constitution 
or laws of the United States. 

Sec. 190. The legislative assembly shall provide by law 
for the establishment of volunteer organizations of the sev- 
eral arms of the service, which shall be classed as active 
militia; and no other organized body of armed men shall 
be permitted to perform military duty in this state except 
the army of the United States, without the proclamation of 
the governor of the state. 

Sec. 191. All militia officers shall be appointed or elected 
in such a manner as the legisilative assembly shall provide. 

Sec. 192. The commissioned officers of the militia shall 
be commissioned by the governor, and no commissioned 
officer shall be removed from office except by sentence of 
court martial, pursuant to law. 

Sec. 193. The militia forces shall in all cases, except 
treason, felony or breach of the peace, be privileged from 
arrest during their attendance at musters, parades and 
elections of officers, and in going to and returning from the 
same. 

ARTICLE XIV. — Impeachment and Removal from Office. 

Sec. 194. The house of representatives shall have the 
sole power of impeachment. The concurrence of a major- 
ity of all members elected shall be necessary to an im- 
peachment. 

Sec. 195. All impeachments shall be tried by the senate. 
When sitting for that purpose the senators shall be upon 



U*> LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



<MtH i>r affirmation to do justice according to the law and 
cudviKc. No person ^lall be convicted without the concur- 
iciKc oi two-thirds of the members elected. When the 
iio\criK>r or lieutenant governor is on trial the presiding 
JuUsc of the supreme court shall preside. 

Sec. 196. The governor and other state and judicial offi- 
cers exc^t county judges, justices of the peace and police 
magistrates; shall be liable to impeachment for habitual 
drunkenness, crimes, corrupt conduct, or malfeasance or 
misdemeanor in office, but judgment in 'such cases shall not 
extend further than (removal from office and disqualifica- 
tion to bold any office of trust or profit under the state. 
The person accused, whether convicted or acquitted, shall 
nevertheless be liable to indictment, -trial, judgment and 
punishment according to law. 

Sec. 197. All officers not liable to inpeachment, shall be 
subject to removal for misconduct, malfeasance, crime or 
misdemeanor in office, or for habitual drunkenness or gross 
mcompetency in such manner as may be provided by law. 

Sec. 198. No officer shall exercise the duties of his office 
after he shall have been impeached and before his acquit- 

Sec. 199. On trial of impeachment .against the governor, 
the lieutenant governor shall not act as a member of the 
court. 

Sec. 200. No person shall be tried on impeachment be- 
fore he shall have been served with a copy thereof, at least 
twenty days previous to the day set for trial. 

Sec. 201. No person shall be liable to impeachment twice 
for the same offense. 

ARTICLE XV. — Future Amendments. 

Sec. 202. Any amendment or amendments to this con- 
stitution may be proposed in either house of the legislative 
assembly; and if the same shall be agreed to by a majority 
of the members elected to each of the two houses, such 
proposed amendment shall be entered on the journal of the 
house with the yeas and nays taken thereon, and referred 
to the legislative assembly to be chosen at the next general 
election, and shall be published, as provided by law, for 
three months previous to the time of making such choice, 
and if in the legislative assembly so next chosen as afore- 
said such proposed amendment or amendments shall be 
agreed to by a majority of all the members elected to each 
house, then it shall be the duty of the legislative assembly 
to submit such proposed amendment or amendments to die 
people in such manner and at such time as the legislative 
assembly shall provide; and if the people shall approve and 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA ' m 

ratify such amendment or amendments by a majority of 
the electors qualified to vote for members of the legislative 
assembly voting thereon, such amendment or amendments 
shall become a part of the constitution of this state. If 
two or more amendments shall be submitted at the same 
time they shall be submitted in such manner that the elect- 
ors shall vote for or against each of such amendments sep- 
arately. 

ARTICLE XVI.— Compact With the United States. 

Sec 203. The following article shall be irrevocable with- 
out the consent of the United States and the people of this 
state : 

Firsf. Perfect toleration of religious sentiment shall be 
secured, and no inhabitant of this state shall ever be mo- 
Jested in person or property on account of his or her mode 
of religious worship. 

Second. The people inhabiting this state do agree and 
declare that they forever disclaim all tright and title to the 
imappropriated public lands lying within the boundaries 
thereof, and to all lands lying within said limits owned or 
held by any Indian or Indian tribes, and that until the title 
thereto shall have been extinguished by the United States, 
the same shall be and remain subject to the disposition of 
the United States, and that said Indian lands shall remain 
under the absolute jurisdiction and control of the congress 
of the United States; that the lands belonging to citizens 
of the United States residing without this state shall never 
be taxed at a higher rate than the lands belonging to' resi- 
dents of this state ; that no taxes shall be -imposed by this 
state on lands or property therein, belonging to, or wihch 
may hereafter be purchased by the United States, or re- 
served for its use. But nothing in this article shall pre- 
clude this state from taxing as other lands are taxed, any 
lands owned or held by any Indian who has severed his 
tribal relations, and has obtained from the United States or 
from any person, a title thereto, by patent or other grant 
save and except such lands as have been or may be granted 
to any Indian or Indians under any acts of congress con- 
taining a provision exempting the lands thus granted from 
taxation, which last mentioned lands shall be exempt from 
taxation so long, and to such an extent, as is, or may be 
provided in the act of congress granting the same. 

Third. In order that payment of the debts and liabili- 
ties contracted or incurred by and on behalf of the terri- 
tory of Dakota may h^ justly and equitably provided for 
and made, and in pursuance of the requirements of an act 
of congress approved February 22, 1889, entitled, "An act 



112 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



I" iMoMdc for the division of Dakota into two states and to 
iiuihlc Uic i>eo4)de of North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana 
'^''u WjLshington to form constitutions and state govem- 
'"^uth and to be admitted into the union on an equal foot- 
Ji»K with the original states and to make donations of public 
Uiijls to &uch states," the states of North Dakota and South 
I ukutu, by pkToceedings of- a joint commission, duly ap- 
iM'jiUvsi uiKler said act, the sessions whereof were held at 
»^»Muarck» in said state of North Dakota, from July 16, 1889, 
t«^> July 31, 1889, inclusive, have a^^reed to the following ad- 
lustiucnt of the amounts of the debts and liabilities of the 
territory of Dakota, which shall be assumed and paid by 
each of the states of North Dakota and South Dakota, re- 
M>ectu'ely, towit: 

I his agreement shall take effect and be in force from and 
<^tter the admission into the union as one of the United 
States of America, of either the state of North Dakota or 
the state of South Dakota. 

The words "State of North Dakota," wherever used in 
this agreement, shall be taken to mean the territoiry of 
North Dakota in case the state of South Dakota shall be ad- 
mitted into the union prior to the admission into the union 
^f the state of North Dakota; and the words "State of 
South Dakota," wherever used in this agreement, shall be 
taken to mean the territory of South Dakota in case the 
state of North Dakota shall be admitted into the union 
prior to the admission into the union of the state of South 
Dakota. 

The said state of North Dakota shall assume and pay all 
bonds issued by the territory of Dakota to provide funds 
for the purchase, construction, repairs or maintenance of 
such public institutions, grounds or buildings as are located 
within the boundaries of North Dakota, and shall pay all 
warrants issued under and by virtue of that certain act of 
the legislative assembly of the territory of Dakota, ap- 
proved March 8, 1889, entitled "An act to provide for the 
refunding of outstanding warrants drawn on the capitol 
building fund." 

The state of South Dakota shall assume and pay all 
bonds issued by the territory of Dakota to provide funds 
for the purchase, construction, repairs or maintenance of 
such public institutions, grounds or buildings as are located 
within the boundaries of South Dakota. 

That is to say: The State of North Dakota shall assume 
and pay the following bonds and indebtedness, towit: 

Bonds issued on account of the hospital for insane at 
Jamestown, North Dakota, the face aggregate of which is 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA II3 

$266,000; also, bonds issued on accjount of the North Dakota 
university at Grand Forks, North Dakota, the face aggre- 
gate of which is $96,700; also, bonds issued on account of 
the penitentiary at Bismarck, North Dakota, the face ag- 
gregate of which is $93,600; also, refunding capitol building 
warrants dated April 1, 1889, $83,507.46. 

And the state of South Dakota shall assume and pay the 
following bonds and indebtedness, towit: 

Bonds issued on account of the hospital for the insane at 
Yankton, South Dakota, the face aggregate of which is 
$210,000; also, bonds issued on account of the school for 
dcctf mutes at Sioux Falls, South Dakota, the face aggre- 
gate of which is $51,000; also, bonds issued on account of 
the university at Vermiillion, South Dakota, the face aggre- 
gate of which is $75,000; sdso, bonds issued on account of 
the penitentiary at Sioux Falls, South Dakota, the face 
aggregate of which is $94,300; also, bonds issued on ac- 
count of the agricultural college at Brookings, South Da- 
kota, the face aggregate of which is $97,500; also, bonds 
issued on account of the normal school at Madison, South 
Dakota, the face aggregate of which is $49,400; also, bonds 
issued on account of the school of mines at Rapid City, 
South Dakota, the face aggregate of which is $33,000; also, 
bonds issued on account of the reform school at Plankin- 
ton, South Dakota, the face aggregate of which is $30,000; 
also, bonds issued on account of the normal school at Spear- 
fish, South Dakota, the face aggregate of which is $25,000; 
also, bonds issued on account of the soldiers' home at Hot 
Springs, South Dakota, the face aggregate of which is 
$45,000. 

The states of North Dakota and South Dakota shall pay 
one-half each of all liabilities now existing or .hereafter 
and prior to the taking effect of this agreement incurred, 
except those heretofore or hereafter 'incurred on account of 
public institutions, grounds or buildings, except as other- 
wise herein specifically provided. 

The state of South Dakota shall pay to the state of North 
Dakota $46,500, on account of the excess of territorial ap- 
priations for the permanent improvement of territorial 
institutions which under this aggrement will go to South 
Dakota, and in full of the undivided one-half interest of 
North Dakota in the territorial library, and in full settle- 
ment of unbalanced accounts, and of all claims against the 
territory or whatever nature, legal or equitable, arising out 
of the alleged erroneous or unlawful taxation of Northern 
Pacific railroad lands, and the payment of said amount 
shall discharge and exempt the state of South Dakota from 
all liability for or on account of the several matters here- 

BlaeBook-lO 



114 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

inbefore referred to; nor shall either state be cajled upon 
to pay or ansiwer to any portion of liability hereafter aris- 
ing or accruing on account of transactions heretofore had, 
which liability would be a liability of the territory of Da- 
kota !had such territory remained in existence, and which 
liabili'ty shall grow out of matters connected with any pub- 
lic institutions, grounds or buildings of the territory situ- 
ated or located within the boundaries of the other state. 

A final adjustment of accounts shall be made upon the 
following basis: North Dakota shall be charged with all 
sums paid on account of the public institutions, grounds or 
buildings located within its boundaries on account of *the 
current appropriations since March 9, 1889; and South Da- 
kota shall be charged with all sums paid on account of pub- 
lic institutions, grounds or buildings located within its 
boundaries on the same account and during the same time. 
Each state shall be charged with one-half of all other ex- 
penses of the territorial government during the same time. 
All moneys paid into the treasury during the period from 
Miarch 8, 1889, to the time of taking effect of this agree- 
ment by any county, municipality or person within the 
limits of the proposed state of North Dakota, shall be cred- 
ited to the state of North Dakota, and all sums paid into 
said treasury within the same time by any county, munici- 
pality or person within the limits of the proposed state of 
South Dakota shall be credited to the state of South Da- 
kota, except that any and all taxes on gross earnings paid 
into said treasury by railroad corporations, since the 8th 
day of March, 1889, based upon earnings of years prior to 
1888, under and by virtue of the act of the legislative as- 
sembly of the territory of Dakota, approved March 7, 1889, 
and entitled "An act providing for the levy and collection 
of taxes upon property of railroad companies in this terri- 
tory," being chapter 107 of the session laws of 1889 (that 
is, the part of such sums going to the territory), shall be 
equally divided between the states of North Dakota and 
South Dakota, and all taxes heretofore or hereafter paid 
into said treasury under and by virtue of the act last men- 
tioned, based upon the gross earnings of the year 1888, 
shall be distributed as already provided by law, except that 
so much thereof as goes to the territorial treasury shall be 
divided as follows: North Dakota shall have so much 
thereof as shall be or has been paid by railroads within the 
limits of the proposed state of North Dakota, and South 
Dakota so much thereof as shall be or has been paid by 
railroads within the limits of the proposed state of South 
Dakota; each state shall be credited also with all balances 
of appropriations made by the seventeenth legislative as- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 115 

. 1 — — . 

sembly of the territory of Dakota for the' account of the 
public institutions, ground j or buildings situated within 
is limits remaining unexpended on Majr<:h 8, 1889. If 
there shall be any indebtedness except the indebtedness 
represented by the bonds and refunding warrants herein- 
before mentioned, each state shall, at the time of such final 
adjustment of accounts, assume its share of said indebted- 
ness as determined by the amount paid on account of the 
public institutions, grounds or buildings of such state in 
excess of the receipts from counties, municipalities, rail- 
road corporations or persons within the limits of said state 
as provided in this article; and if there should be a surplus 
at the time of such final adjustment, each state shall be en- 
titled to the amounts received from counties, municipali- 
ties, railroad corporations or persons within its limits over 
and above the amount charged it. And the state of North 
Dakota hereby obligates itself to pay such part of the debts 
aiid liabilities, of the territory of Dakota as is declared by 
the foregoing agreement to be its proportion thereof, the 
same as if such proportion had been originally created by 
said state of North Dakota as its own debt or liability. 

Sec. 204. Jurisdiction is ceded to the United States over 
the military reservations of Fort Abraham Lincoln, Fort 
Buford, Fort Pembina and Fort Totten, heretofore declared 
by the president of the United States; provided, legal pro- 
cess, civil and criminal, of this state, shall extend over 
such reservation in all cases in which exclusive jurisdic- 
tion is not vested in the United States, or of crimes not 
committed within the limits of such reservations. 

Sec 205. The state of North Dakota hereby accepts the 
several grants of land granted by the United States to the 
state of North Dakota by an act of congress, entitled "An 
act to provide for the division of Dakota into two states, 
and to enable the people of North Dakota, South Dakota, 
Montana and Washington to form constitutions and state 
governments, and to be admitted into the union on equal 
footing with the original states, and to make donations of 
public lands to such "States," under the conditions and lim- 
itations therein mentioned; reserving the right, however, 
to apply to congress for modification of said conditions and 
limitations in case of necessity. 

ARTICLE XVII.— Miscellaneous. 

Sec. 206. The name of this state shall be "North Da- 
kota." The state of North Dakota shall consist of all the 
territory included within the following boundary, towit: 
Commencing at a point in the main channel of the Red 
River of the North, where the forty-ninth degree of north 



116 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

latitude crosses the same; thence south up the main chan- 
nel of the same and along the bpundary line of the state of 
Minnesota to a point where the seventh standard parallel 
intersects the same; thence west along said seventh stand- 
ard parallel produced due west to a point where it inter- 
sects the twenty-seventh meridian of longitude west from 
Washington; thence north on said meridian to a point 
where it intersects the forty-ninth degree of north latitude; 
thence east along said line to place of beginning. 

Sec. 207. The following described seal is hereby de- 
clared to be and hereby constituted the great seal of the 
state of North Dakota, towit: A tree in the open field, 
the trunk of which is surrounded by three bundles of 
wheat; on the right a plow, anvil and sledge; on the left, 
a bow crossed with three arrows, and an Indian on horse- 
back pursuing a buffalo toward the setting sun; the foliage 
of the tree arched by a half circle of forty-two stars, sur- 
rounded by the motto "Liberty and Union Now and For- 
ever, One and Inseparable;" the words "Great Seal" at the 
top, the words "State of North Dakota" at the bottom; 
"October 1st" on the left, and "1889" on the right. The 
seal to be two and one-<half inches in diameter. 

Sec. 208. The right of the debtor to enjoy the comforts 
and necessaries of life shall be recognized by wholesome 
laws exempting from forced sale to all heads of families a 
homestead, the value of which shall be limited and defined 
by law; and a reasonable amount of personal property; the 
kind and value shall be fixed by law. This section shall 
not be construed to prevent liens against the homestead 
for labor done and materials furnished in the improvement 
thereof, in such manner as may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 209. The labor of children under twelve years of 
age shall be prohibited in mines, factories and workshops 
in this state. 

Sec. 210. All flowing streams and natural water courses 
shall foreveir remain the property of the state for mining, 
irrigating and manufacturing purposes. 

Sec. 211. Members of the legislative assembly and judi- 
cial department, except such inferior officers as may be by 
law exempted, shall, before they enter on the duties of 
their (respective offices, take and subscribe the following 
oath or affirmation: "I do solemnly swear (or affirm, as the 
case may be) that I will support the constitution of the 
United States and the constitution of the state of North 
Dakota; and that I will faithfully discharge the duties of 

the office of according to the best of my 

ability, so help me God" (if an oath), (under pain and pen- 
alty of perjury, if an affirmation), and no other oath. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 117 

declaration or test shall be required as a qualification for 
any office or public trust. 

Sec 212. The exchange of "black lists" between corpo- 
rations shall be prohibited. 

Sec 213. The real and personal property of any woman 
in this state, acquired before marriage, and all property to 
which she may after marriage become in any manner right- 
fully entitled, shall be her separate property and shall not 
be liable for the debts of her husband. 

ARTICLE XVIII. — Congressional and Legislative Appor- 
tionment. 

Sec. 214. Until otherwise provided by law, the member 
of the ihouse of representatives of the United States appor- 
tioned to this state shall be elected at l^irge. 

Until otherwise provided by law, the senatorial and rep- 
resentatives districts shall be formed, and the senators and 
representatives shall be apportioned as follows: 

The first district shall consist of the townships of Wal- 
halla, St. Joseph, Neche, !Pembina, Bathgate, Carlisle, Jol- 
iet. Midland, Lincoln and Drayton, in the county of Pem- 
bina, and be entitled to one senator and two representatives. 

The second district shall consist of the townships of St. 
Thomas, Hamilton, Cavalier, Akra, Beauleau, Thingvalla, 
Gardar, Park, Crystal, Elora and Lodema, in the county of 
Pembina, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The third district shall consist of the townships of Perth, 
LatOna, Adams, Silvestar, Cleveland, Morton, Vesta, Tiber, 
Miedford, Vernon, Golden, Lampton, Eden, Rushford, Ken- 
sington, Dundee, Ops, Prairie Centre, Fertile, Park River 
and Glenwood, in the county of Walsh, and be entitled to 
one senator and two representatives. 

The fourth district shall consist of the townships of For- 
est River, Walsh Center, Grafton, Farmington, Ardoch, 
village of Ardoch, Harrison, city of Grafton, Oakwood, 
Martin, Walshville, Pulaski, Acton, Minto and St. Andrews 
in the county of Walsh, and be entitled to one senator and 
three reprosentatives. 

The fifth district shall consist of the townshios of Gilby, 
Johnstown, Strabane, Wheatfield, Hegton, Arvilla, Avon, 
Northwood, Lind, Grace, Larimore and the city of Lari- 
more. Elm Grove, Agnes, Inkster, Elkmount, Oakwood, Ni- 
agara, Moraine, Logan and Loretta, in the county of Grand 
Forks and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The sixth district shall consist of the Third, Fourth, 
Fifth and Sixth wards of the city of Grand Forks, as now 



118 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

constituted, and the townships of Falconer, Harvey, Turtb 
River, Ferry, Rye, Blooming, Meckinock, Lakeville and Le- 
vant, in the county of Grand Forks, and be entitled to one 
senator and two representatives. 

The seventh district shall consist of the First and Second 
wards of the city of Grand Forks, as now constituted, and 
the townships of Grand Forks, Brenna, Oakvilk, Chester, 
Pleasant View, Fairfield, Allendale, Walle, Bentru, Ameri- 
cus, Michigan, Union and Washington, in the county of 
Grand Forks, and be entitled to one senator and two repre- 
sentatives. 

The eighth district shall consist of the county of Traill 
and be entitled to one senator and four representatives. 

The ninth district shall consist of the township of Fargo 
and the city of Fargo, in the county of Cass, and the frac- 
tional township number 139 in irange 48, and be entitled to 
one senator and two representatives. 

The tenth district shall consist of the townships of Noble, 
Wiser, Harwood, Reed, Barnes, Stanley, Pleasant, Ken- 
yon, Gardner, Berlin, Raymond, Mapleton, Warren, Nor- 
man, Elm River, Harmony, Durbin, Addison, Davenport, 
Casselton and the city of Casselton, in the county of Cass, 
and be entitled to one senator and three representatives. 

The eleventh district shall consist of the townships of 
Webster, Rush River, Hunter, Arthur, Amenia, Everest, 
Maple River, Leonard, Dows, Erie, Empire, Wheatland, 
Gill, Walburg, Watson, Page, Rich, Ayr, Buffalo, Howes, 
Eldred, Highland, Rochester, Lake, Cornell, Tower, Hill, 
Clifton and Pontiac, in the county of Cass, and be entitled to 
one senator and three representatives. 

The twelfth district shall consist of the county of Rich- 
land, and be entitled to one senator and three representa- 
tives. 

The thirteenth district shall consist of the county of Sar- 
gent, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The fourteenth district shall consist of the county of 
Ransom, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The fifteenth district shall consist of the county of Barnes, 
and be entitled to one senator and two representatives. 

The sixteenth district shall consist of the counties of 
Steele and Griggs, and be entitled to one senator and two 
representatives. 

The seventeenth district shall consist of the county of 
Nelson, and be entitled to one senator and one representa- 
tive. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 119 

The eighteenth district shall consist af the county of 
Cavalier, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The nineteenth district shall consist of the counties of 
Towner and Rolette, and be entitled to one senator and one 
representative. 

The twentieth district shall consist of the counLies of 
Benson and Pierce, and be entitled to one senator and two 
representatives. 

The twenty-first district shall consist of the county of 
Ramsey, and be entitkd to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The twenty-second district shall consist of the counties of 
Eddy, Foster and Wells, an-d be entitled to one senator and 
two representatives. 

The twenty-third district shall consist of the county of 
Stutsman, and be entitled to one senator and two represen- 
tatives. 

The twenty-fourth district shall consist of the county of 
LaMoure, and be entitled to one senator and one representa- 
tive. 

The twenty-fifth district s-hall consist of the county of 
Dickey, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The twenty-sixith district shall consist of the counties of 
Emmons, Mcintosh, Logan and Kidder, and be entitled to 
one senator and two representatives. 

The twenty-seventh district shall consist of the county of 
Burleigh, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The twenty-eighth district shall consist of the counties 
of Bottineau and McHenry, and be entitled to one senator 
and one representative. 

The twenty-ninth district shall consist of the counties 
of Ward and McLean, and all the unorganized counties 
lying north of the Missouri .river, and be entitled to one 
senator and one representative. • 

The thirtieth district shall consist of the counties of Mor- 
ton and Oliver, and be entitled to one senator and two rep- 
resentatives. 

The thirty-first district shall consist of the counties of 
Mercer, Stark and Billings and all the unorganized counties 
lying south of the Missouri river, and be entitled to one 
senator and one representative. 

Note. — Apportionment changed by law of 1901. 



120 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

ARTICLE XIX.-^Public Institutions. 

Sec. 215. The following public institutions of the state 
are permanently located at the places hereinafter named, 
each tp have the lands specifically granted to it by the 
United States, in the act of congress approved February 
22, 1889, to be disposed of and used in such manner as the 
legislative assembly may prescribe, subiect to the limita- 
tions provided in the article on school and public lands con- 
tained in this constitution. 

First. The seat of government at the city of Bismarck 
in the county of Burleigh. 

Second. The state university and the school of mines 
at the city of Grand Forks, in the county of Grand Forks. 

Third. The agricultural college at the city of Fargo, in 
the county of Cass. 

Fourth. A state normal school at the city of Valley 
City, in the county of Barnes; and the legislative assembly 
in apportioning the grant of eighty thousand acres of land 
for normal schools made in the act of congress referred to 
shall grant to the said normal school at Valley City as 
aforementioned, fifty thousand (50,000) acres, and said 
lands are hereby appropriated to said institution for that 
purpose. . 

Fifth. The deaf and dumb asylum at the city of Devils 
Lake, in the county of Ramsey. 

Sixth. A state reform school at the city of Mandan, in 
the county of Morton. 

Seventh. A state normal school at the city of Mayville, 
in the county of Traill, and the legislative assembly in ap- 
portioning the grant of lands made by congress in the act 
aforesaid, for state normal schools, shall assign thirty 
thousand (30,000) acres to the institution hereby located 
at Mayville, and said lands are hereby appropriated for 
said purpose. 

Eighth. A state hospital for the insane and institution 
lor the feeble minded in connection therewith, at the city 
of Jamestown, in the county of Stutsman. And the legis- 
lative assembly shall appropriate twenty thousand acres of 
the grant of land made by the act of congress aforesaid for 
"other educational and charitable institutions" to the ben- 
efit and for the endowment of said institution. 

Sec. 216. The following named public institutions are 
hereby permanently located as hereinafter provided, each 
to have so much of the remaining grant of one hundred and 
seventy thousand acres of land made by the United States 
for "other educational and charitable institutions," as is 
allotted by law, viz: 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 121 

Fir»t. A soldiers' home, when located, or such other 
charitable institution as the legislative assembly may de- 
termine, at Lisbon, in the county of Ransom, with a grant 
of forty thousand acres of land. 

Second. A blind asylum, or such other institution as the 
legislative assembly may determine, at such place in the 
county of Pembina as the qualified electors of said county 
may determine at an election to be held as prescribed by 
the legislative assembly, with a grant of thirty thousan<i 
acres. 

Third. An industrial school and school for manual 
training, or such other educational or charitable institu- 
tion as the legislative assembly may pirovide, at the town of 
Ellendale, in the county of Dickey, with a grant of forty 
thousand acres. 

Fourth. A school of forestry, or such other institution 
as the legislative assembly may determine, at such place in 
one of the counties of McHenry, Ward, Bottineau or Ro- 
lette, as the electors of said counties may determine by an 
election for that purpose, to be held as provided by the 
legislative assembly. 

Fifth. A scientific school, or such other educational or 
charitable institution as the legislative assembly may pre- 
scribe, at the city of Wahpeton, county of Richland, with a 
grant of forty thousand acres; provided, that no other in- 
stitution of a charater similar to any one of these located 
by this afrticle shall be established or maintained without a 
revision of this constitution. 

ARTICLE XX.— Prohibition. 

Sec. 217. No person, association or corporation shall 
within this state, manufacture for sale or gift, any intoxi- 
cating liquors, and no person, association or corporation 
shall import any of the same for sale or gift, or keep or sell 
or offer the same for sale, or gift, barter or trade as a bev- 
erage. The legislative assembly shall by law prescribe 
regulations for the enforcement of the provisions of this 
article and shall thereby provide suitable penalties for the 
violation thereof. 

SCHEDULE. 

Section 1. That no inconvenience may arise from a 
change of territorial government to state government, it 
is declared that all writs, actions, prosecutions, claims and 
rights of individuals and bodies corporate shall continue as 
if no change of government had taken place, and all pro- 
cesses which may, before the organization of the judicial 



122 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

' V ■ 

depaiTtment under this constitution, be issued under the 
authority of the territory of Dakota, shall be as valid as ii 
issued in the name of the state. 

Sec. 2. All laws now in force in the territory of Dakota, 
which are not repugnant to this constitution, shall remain 
in force until they expire by their own limitations or be 
altered or repealed. 

Sec. 3. All fines, penalties, forfeitures and escheats ac- 
cruing to the territory of Dakota shall accrue to the use of 
the states of North Dakota and South Dakota, and may be 
sued for and recovered by either of said states as necessity 
may require. 

Sec. 4. All recognizances, bonds, obligations or other un- 
dertakings, heretofore taken, or which may be taken before 
the organization of the judicial department under this con- 
stitution, shall remain valid, and shall pass over to, and 
may be prosecuted in the name of the state; all bonds, obli- 
gations or other undertakings executed in this territory, or 
to any officer in his official capacity, shall pass over to the 
proper state authority, and to their successors in office, for 
the use therein respectively expressed, and may be sued for 
and recovered accordingly; all criminal prosecutions and 
penal actions, which have arisen or may arise before the 
organization of the judicial department, under this consti- 
tution, or which shall then be pending, may be prosecuted 
to judgment and execution in the name of the state. 

Sec. 5. All property, real and personal, and credits, 
claims and choses in action belonging to the territory of 
Dakota at the time of the adoption of this constitution, 
shall be vested in and become the property of the states of 
North Dakota and South Dakota. 

Sec. 6. Whenever any two of the judges of the supreme 
court of the state, elected under the provisions of this con- 
stitution, shall have qualified in their offices, the causes 
then pending in the supreme court of the territory on ap- 
peal or writ of error from the district courts of ^ny county 
or subdivision within the limits of this state, and the 
papers, records and proceedings of said court shall pass 
into the jurisdiction and possession of the supreme court of 
the state, except as otherwise provided in the enabling aa 
of congress, and until so superseded the supreme court of 
the territory and the judges thereof shall continue, with 
like powers and jurisdiction as if this constitution had not 
been adopted. Whenever the judge of the district court of 
any district elected under the provisions of this constitution 
shall have qualified in his office, the several causes then 
pending in the. district court of the territory within any 
county in such district, and the records, papers and pro- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 123 

4 



ceedings of said district court, and the seal and other prop- 
erty pertaining thereto, shall pass into the jurisdiction and 
possession of the district court of the state for such county, 
except as provided in the enabling act of congress, and un- 
til the district courts of this territory shall be superseded in 
the manner aforesaid, the said district courts and the judges 
thereof shall continue with the same jurisdiction and power 
to be exercised in the same judicial districts respectively as 
heretofore constituted under the laws of the territory. 

Sec. 7. Until otherwise provided by law, the seals now in 
use in the supreme and district courts of this territory are 
hereby declared to be the seals of the supreme and district 
courts respectively of the state. 

Sec. 8. Whenever this constitution shall go into effect, 
the books, records arid papers and proceedings of the pro- 
bate court in each county, and all causes and matters of 
administration and other matters pending therein, shall 
pass into the jurisdiction and possession of the county 
court of the same county, .and the said county court shall 
proceed to final decree or judgment, order or other deter- 
mination in the said several matters and causes as the said 
probate court might have done if this constitution had not 
been adopted. And until the election and qualification of 
the judges of the county courts provided for in this con- 
stitution, the probate judges shall act as the judges of the 
county courts within their respective counties, and the seal 
of the probate court in each county shall be the seal of the 
county court therein until the said court shall have pro- 
cured a proper seal. 

Sec. 9. The terms "probate court" or "probate judge," 
whenever occurring in the statutes of the territory, shall 
after this constitution goes into effect, be held to apply to 
the county court or county judge. 

Sec 10. All territorial, county and precinct officers, who 
may be in office at the time this constitution takes effect, 
whether holding their offices under the authority of the 
United States or of the territory, shall hold and exercise 
their respective offices, and perform the duties thereof as 
prescribed in this constitution, until their successors shall 
be elected and qualified in accordance with the provisions 
of this constitution, and official bonds of all such officers 
shall continue in full force and effect as though this consti- 
tution had not been adopted; and such officers for their 
term of service, under this constitution, shall receive the 
same salaries and compensation as is by this constitution 
or by the laws of the territory, provided for like officers; 
provided, that the county and precinct officers shall hold 
their offices for the term for which they were elected. 



124 l.i£GISLATIVE MANUAL 

There shall be elected in each organized county in this 
state, at the election to be held for the ratification of this 
.constitution, a clei^k of the district court, who shall hold 
his office under said election until his successor is duly 
elected and qualified. The judges of the district court shall 
;have power to appoint state's attorneys in any organized 
counties where no such attorneys have been elected, which 
appointment shall continue until the general election to be 
held in 1890, and until his successor is elected and qualified. 

Sec. 11. This constitution shall take effect and be in full 
force immediately upon the admission of the territory as a 
state. 

Sec. 12. Immediately upon the adjournment of this con- 
vention the governor of the territory, or, in case of his ab- 
sence, or failure to act, the secretary of the teirritory, or in 
case of his absence or failure to act, the president of the 
constitutional convention shall issue a proclamation, which 
shall be published and a copy thereof mailed to the chair- 
man of the board of county commissioners of each county, 
calling an election by the people on the first Tuesday in 
October, 1889, of all the state and district officers created 
and made elective by this constitution. This constitution 
shall be submitted for adoption or rejection at such election 
to a vote of the electors qualified by the laws of this terri- 
tory to vote at all elections. At the election provided for 
herein the qualified voters shall vote directly for or against 
this constitution and for or against the article separately 
submitted. 

Sec. 13. The board of commissioners of the several coun- 
ties shall thereupon order such election for said day, and 
shall cause notice thereof to be given for the period of 
twenty days, in the manner provided by law. Every quali- 
fied elector of the territory, at the date of said election, 
shall be entitled to vote thereat. Said election shall be 
conducted in all irespects in the same manner as provided by 
the laws of the territory for general elections, and the 
returns for all state and district officers, and members of 
the legislative assembly, shall be made to the canvassing 
board hereinafter provided for. 

Sec. 14. The governor, secretary and chief justice, or a 
majority of them, shall constitute a board of canvassers to 
canvass the vote of such election for all state and district 
officers and membejfs of the legislative assembly. The said 
board shall assemble at the seat of government of the terri- 
tory on the fifteenth day after the day of such election (or 
on the following day if such day falls on Sunday) , and pro- 
ceed to canvass the votes on the adoption of this constitu- 
tion and for all state and district officers and members of 



. STATE- OF NORTH DAKOTA 125 



the legislative- assembly in the manner provided by the 
Jaws of the territory for canvassing the vote for delegate to 
congr^s, and ithey shall issue certificates of election to the 
persons found to be elected to said offices severally, and 
shall make and file with the secretary of the territory an 
abstract certified by them, of the number of votes cast for 
or against the adoption of the constitution, and for each 
person for each of said offices, and of the total number of 
votes cast in each county. 

Sec 15. All officers elected at such election shall, with- 
in sixty days after the date of the executive proclamation 
admitting the state of North Dakota into the union, take 
the oath required by the constitution, and give the same 
bond required by the laws of the territory to be given in case 
of like officers of the territory and districts, and shall 
thereupon, enter upon the duties of their respective offices, 
but. the legislative assembly may require by law all such 
officers to give other or further bonds as a condition of 
their continuance in office. 

Sec. 16. The judges of the district court yvho shall be 
elected at the election herein provided for shall hold their 
offices until the first Monday in January, 1893, and until 
their successors are elected and qualified. All other state 
officers, except judges of the supreme court, who shall be 
elected at the election herein provided for, shall hold their 
offices until the first Monday in January, 1891, and until 
their successors are elected and qualified. Until otherwise 
provided by law, the judges of the supreme court shall re- 
ceive for their services the salary of four thousand dollars 
per annum, payable quarterly; and the district judges shall 
receive for their services the salary of three thousand dol- 
lars per annum, payable quarterly. 

Sec. 17. The governor-elect of the state immediately 
upon his qualifying and entering upon the duties of his 
office shall issue his prpclamation convening the legislative 
assembly of the state at the seat of government on a day to 
be named in said proclamation, and which shall not be less 
than fifteen nor more than forty days after the date of such 
proclamation. And said legislative assembly after organ 
izing shall proceed to elect two senators of the United 
States for the state of North Dakota; and at said election 
the two persons who shall receive a majority of all the votes 
cast by the said senators and representatives shall be 
elected such United States senators. And the presiding 
officers of the senate and house of representatives shall 
each certify the election to the governor and secretary of 
the state of North Dakota; and the governor and secretary 



126 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

of State shall certify the election of such senators as pro- 
vided by law. 

Sec. 18. At the election herein provided for there shall 
be elected a representative to the fifty-first congress of the 
United States, by the electors of the state at large. 

Sec. 19. It is ihereby made the duty of the legislative as- 
sembly at its first session to provide for the payment of all 
debts and indebtedness authorized to be incurred by the 
constitutional convention of North Dakota, which shall re- 
main unpaid after the appropriation made by congress for 
the same shall have been exhausted. 

Sec. 20. There shall be submitted at the same election 
at which this constitution is submitted for rejection or 
adoption, article 20, entitled "Prohibition," and persons 
who desire to vote for said a-nticle shall have written or 
printed on their ballots "For Prohibition," and all persons 
desiring to vote against said article shall have written or 
printed on their ballots "Against Prohibition." If it shall 
appear according to the returns herein provided for that a 
majority of all the votes cast at said election for and against 
prohibition are for prohibition, then said article 20 shall 
be and form a part of this constitution and be in full force 
and effect as such from the date of the admission of this 
state into the union. But if a majority of said votes shall 
appear according to said returns to be against prohibition 
then said article 20 shall be null and void and shall not be 
a part of this constitution. 

Sec. 21. The agreement made by the joint commission of 
the constitutional conventions of North Dakota and South 
Dakota concerning the records, books ai^d archives of the 
territory of Dakota is hereby iratified and confirmed: which 
agreement is in the words following: That is to say: 

The following books, records and archives of the territory 
of Dakota shall be the property of North Dakota, towit: 
All records, books and archives in the office of the governor 
and secretary of the territory (except records of articles of 
incorporation of domestic corporations, returns of election 
of delegates to the constitutional convention of 1889 for 
South Dakota, iretums of elections held under the so-called 
local option law, in counties within the limits of South Da- 
kota, bonds of notaries public appointed for counties within 
the limits of South Dakota, papers relating to the organiz- 
ation of counties situate within the limits of South Dakota, 
all which records and archives are a part of the records and 
archives of said secretairy's office; excepting, also, census 
returns from counties situate within the limits of South 
Dakota and papers relating to requisitions issued upon the 
application of officers of counties situate within the limits 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 127 



of South Dakota, all of which are a part of the records and 
archives of said governor's office). 

And the following records, books and archives shajl also 
'be the property of the state of North Dakota, towit: 
Vouchers in the office or custody of the auditor of this ter- 
ritory relating to expenditures^ on account of public insti- 
tutions, grounds or buildings situate within the limits of 
North Dakota. One warrant register in the office of the 
treasurer of the territory — ^being a record' of warrants 
issued under and by virtue of chapter 24 of the laws enacted 
by the eighteenth legislative assembly of Dakota territory. 
All letters, receipts and vouchers in the same office now filed 
by counties and pertaining to counties within the limits of 
North Dakota. Paid and cancelled coupons in the same 
office, representing interest on bonds ■which said state of 
North Dakota is to assume and pay. Reports of gross 
earnings of the year 1888 in the same office, made by corpo- 
rations operating lines of railroad situated wholly or 
mainly within tibe limits of North Dakota. Records and 
papers of the office of the public examiner of the second 
district of the territory. Records and papers of the office 
of the district board of agriculture. Records and papers in 
the office of the board of pharmacy of the District of North 
Dakota. 

All records, books and archives of the territory of Dakota 
which it is not 'herein agreed shall be the property of North 
Dakota, shall be the property of South Dakota. 

The following books shall be copied and the copies shall 
be the property of North Dakota, and the cost of such 
copies shall be borne equally by said states of North Dakota 
and South Dakota. That is to say: 

Appropriation ledger for years ending November, 1889-90 
— one volume. 

The auditor's current warrant register — one volume. 

Insurance record for 1889 — one volume. 

Treasurer's cash book — "D." 

Assessment ledger" — "B." 

Dakota territory bond register — one volume. 

Treasurer's current ledger — one volume. 

The originals of the foregoing volumes which are to be 
copied shall at any time after such copying shall have been 
completed be delivered on demand to the proper authori- 
ties of the state of South Dakota. 

All other records, books and archives, which it is hereby 
agreed shall be t?he property of South E>akota, shall remain 
at the capitol of North Dakota until demanded by the legis- 
latu-re of the state of South Dakota, and until the state of 
North Dakota shall have had a reasonable time after such 



\6H LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



- * 

ikak,MKl i* nwde to provide copies or abstracts of such por- 
iii'Au thereof as the said state of North Dakota may desire 
U» Kave copies or abstracts of. 

I he state of South Dakota may also provide copies or ab-* 
*iKtcts of such records, books and archives, which it is 
uviivecl shall be the p.roperty^of North Dakota, as said state 
K^i South Dakota shall desire to have copies or abstracts of. 

The expense of all copies or abstracts of records, books, 
and archives which it is herein agreed may be made, shall 
be borne equall5r by said two states. 

Sec. 22. Should the counties containing lands which form 
a part of the grant of lands made by congress to the North- 
ern Pacific raikoad company, be compelled by law to refund 
moneys paid for such lands or any of them by purchasers 
thereof at tax sales thereof, based upon taxes illegally 
levied upon said lands, then and in that case the state of 
North Dakota shall appropriate the' sum of twenty-five 
thousand dollars ($25,000) or so much thereof as may be 
necessary to reimburse said counties for the amount so re- 
ceived from said illegal tax sales and paid by said counties 
into the treasury of Dakota territory. 

Sec. 23. This constitution shall after its enrollment be 
signed by the president of this convention and the chief 
clerk thereof, and such delegates as desire to sign the same, 
whereupon it shall be deposited in the office of the secre- 
tary of the territory, where it may be signed at any time 
by any delegate who shall be prevented from signing the 
same for any reason at, the time of the adjournment of this 
convention. 

Sec. 24. In case the territorial officers of the territory of 
Dakota, or any of them who are now required by law to 
T^port to the governor of the territory, annually or bien- 
nially, shall prepare and publish such reports covering the 
transactions of their' offices up to the time of the admission 
of the state of North Dakota into the union, the legislative 
assembly shall make sufficient appropriations to pay one- 
half of the cost of such publication. 

Sec. 25. The governor and secretary of the territory are 
hereby authorized to make arrangements for the meeting 
of the first legislative assembly, and the inauguration ot 
the state government. 

Sec. 26. The legislative assembly shall provide for the 
editing and for the publication in an independent volume, 
of this constitution, as soon as it shall take effect, and 
whenever it shall be altered or amended, and shall cause to 
be published in the same volume the declaration of inde« 
pendence, the constitution of the United States and the 
enabling act. 



I 
I 

r 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 129 

Done at Bismarck, Dakota, in open convention, this 
17th day of August, A. D. 1889. 

F. B. Fancher, 

President. 
John G. Hamilton, Chief Clerk. 

Note. — Names of signers appear on another page of this volume. 



AMENDMENTS TO CONSTITUTION 



ARTICLE I. 

The legislative assembly shall have no power to author- 
ize lotteries or gift enterprises for any purpose and shall 
pass laws to prohibit the sale of lottery or gift enterprise 
tickets. 

ARTICLE 11. 

Sec. 121. "Every male person of the age of twenty-one 
yeaTs or upwards, belonging to either of the following 
classes, who shall have resided in the state for one year and 
in the county six months, and in the precinct ninety days 
next preceding any election, shall be a qualified elector at 
such election. 

First — Citizens of the United States. 

Second — Civilized persons of Indian descent, who shall 
have severed their tribal relations two years next preceding 
such election. 

Sec. 127. . No peson who is under guardianship, non 
compos mentis or insane, shall be qualified to vote at 
any election; nor any person convicted of treason or fel- 
ony, unless restored to civil rights; and the legislature shall 
by law establish an educational test as a qualification, and 
may prescribe penalties for fadling, neglecting or refusing 
to vote at any general election. 

ARTICLE III. 

Sec. 76. The governor shall have power in conjunction 
with the board of pardons, of which the governor shall be 
ex officio a member and the other members of which shall 
consist of the attorney general of the state of North Da- 
kota, the chief justice of the supreme court of the state of 
North Dakota, and two qtialified electors who shall be ap- 
pointed by the governor, to remit fines and forfeitures, to 
grant reprieves, commutations and pardons after convic- 

Blae6o<)k-ll 



130 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

tion for all offenses except treason and cases of impeach- 
ment; but the legislative assembly may by law regulate 
the mianner in which the remission of fines, pardons, com- 
mutations and repnieves may -be applied for. Upon con- 
viction of treason the governor shall have the power to sus- 
pend the execution of sentence until the -tase shall be re- 
ported to the legislative assembly at its next regular ses- 
sion, when the legislative assembly shall either pardon or 
commute the sentence, difect the execution of the sentence 
or grant further reprieve. The governor shall communicate 
to the legislative assembly at each regular session each 
case of remission of fine, reprieve, commutation or pardon 
gra-nted by the board of pardons, stating the name of the 
convict, the crime for which "he is convicted, the sentence 
and its date and the date of remission, commutation, par- 
don or reprieve, with their reasons for granting the same. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Sec. 179. All property, except as hereinafter in this sec- 
tion provided, shall be assessed in the county 7 city, town- 
ship, village or district in which it is situated, in the man- 
ner prescribed by law. The franchise, roadway, roadbed, 
rails and rolling stock of all railroads, and the franchise 
and all other property of all express companies, freight line 
companies, car equipment companies, sleeping car compan- 
ies, dining oar companies, telegraph or telephone com- 
panies or corporations operated in this state and used 
directly or indirectly in the carrying of persons, property 
or messages, shall be assessed by ithe state board of equal- 
ization at their actual value, and- such assessed value shall 
be apportioned to the counties, cities, towns, villages, 
townships and districts in which such railroad companies, 
express companies, sleeping car companies, dining car 
companies, telegraph and telephone companies are located, 
or through which they are operated, as a basis for the tax- 
ation of such property, in proportion to the number of 
miles of such property, within such counties, cities, towns, 
villages, townships and districts, or over which any part 
of such property is used or operated within such counties, 
towns, villages, townsliips and districts. But should any 
railroad allow any portion of its Toadway to be used for any 
purpose other than the operation of a railroad thereon, such 
portion of its roadway, while so used, shall be assessed in 
the manner provided for the assessment of other real 
property. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 131 



ARTICLE V. 

Subdivision 5, of section 215. 

Fifth. The school for the deaf and dumb of North Da- 
kota, at the city of Devils Lake, in the county of Ramsey. 

ARTICLE VI. 

Subdivision 8, of section 215. 

Eighth. A state hospital for the insane at the city of 
Jamestown, in the county of Stutsman. And the legislative 
assembly s^all appropriate twenty thousand acres of the 
grant of lands made by the act of congress aforesaid for 
"other educational and charitable institutions," to the benefit 
and for the endowment of said institution, and there shall 
be located at or near the city of Grafton, in the county 
of Walsh, an institution for the feeble minded, on the 
grounds purchased by the secretary of the interior for a 
penitentiary building. 



PROCLAMATION OF ADMISSION 



[Issued by President Harrison, Nov. 2, 1889.] 

Whereas, The congress of the United States did, by an 
act approved on the twenty-second day of February, one 
thousand eight hundred and eighty-nine, provide that the 
inhabitants of the territory of Dakota might, upon the con- 
ditions i>rescribed by said act, 'become the states of North 
Dakota and South Dakota; and 

Whereas, It was provided by said act that the area com- 
prising the territory of Dakota should, for the purposes of 
the act be divided on the line of the seventh standard par- 
allel produced due west to the western boundary of said 
territory and that the delegates elected as therem provided 
to the constitutional convention dn districts north of said 
parallel should assemble in convention at the time pre- 
scribed in the act at the city of Bismarck; and 

Whereas, It was provided by the said act that the dele- 
gates elected, as aforesaid, should, after they had" met and 
organized, declare on behalf of the people of North Dakota 
that they adopt the constitution of the United States; 
whereupon the said convention should be authorized to 
form a constitution and state government for the proposed 
state of North Dakota; and 

Whereas, It was provided by said act that the constitu- 
tion so adopted should be republican in form and make no 
distinction in dvil or political rights on account of race or 
color, except as to Indians not taxed, and not be repugnant 
to the constitution of the United States and the principles 
of the declaration of independence; and that the constitu- 
tion should, by ordinance irrevocable without the consent 
of the United States and the people of said states, make 
certain provisions prescribed in said act; and 

Whereas, It was provided by said act that the constitu- 
tions of North Dakota and South Dakota should respect- 
ively incorporate an agreement, to be reached in accord- 
ance with the provisions of the act for an equitable divi- 
"^ion of all property belonging to the territory of Dakota, 
the disposition of all public records, and also for the appor- 
ftionment of the debts and liabilities of said territory, and 
that each of said states should obligate itself to pay its 
proportion of such debts and liabilities the same as if they 
had been created by such states respectively; and 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 133 

Whereas, It was provided by said act that the constitu- 
tion tbtis formed for the people of North Dakota should, by 
an ordinance of the convention forming the same, be sub- 
mitted to the people of North Dakota, at an election to be 
held therein on the first Tuesday in October, one thousand 
eight hundred and eighty-nine, for ratification or rejection 
by me qualified voters of said proposed state, and that the 
returns of said election should be made to the secretary of 
the territory of Dakota, who with the governor and diief 
justice thereof, or any two of them, should canvass the 
same, and if a majority of the legal votes cast should be for 
the constitution, the governor should certify the result to the 
president of the United States, together with a statement 
of the votes cast thereon, and upon separate articles or 
propositions and a copy of said constitution, articles, propo- 
sitions and ordinances; and 

Whereas, It has been certified to me by the governor of 
the territory of Dakota, that within the time prescribed by 
said act of congress a constitution for tht proposed state of 
North Dakota has been adopted and the same ratified by a 
majority of the qualified voters of said proposed state in 
accordance with the conditions prescribed in said act; and 

Whereas, It is also certified to me by said governor that 
at the same time that the body of said constitution was 
submitted to a vote of the people, a separate article num- 
bered 20 and entitled "prohibition" was also submitted and 
received a majority of all the votes cast for and against 
said article as well as a majority of all the votes cast for 
and against the constitution , and was adopted ;' and 

Whereas, A duly authenticated copy of said constitution, 
article, ordinances and propositions, as required by said 
act, has been received by me; 

, Now, therefore, I, Benjamin Harrison, president of the 
United States of America, do, in accordance with the pro- 
visions of the act of congress aforesaid, declare and pro- 
claim the fact that the conditions imposed by congress on 
the state of North Dakota to entitle that state to admission 
to the union, have been ratified and accepted and that the 
admission of the said state into the union is now complete. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and 
caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at 
the city of Washington, this second day of November, in 
the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and 
eighty-nine, and of the independence of the United States 
of America the one hundred and fourteenth. 

BENJ. HARRISON. 

By the President: 
JAMES G. BLAINE, Secretary of State. 



STATISTICS SINCE STATEHOOD 



1889 



\ 



STATISTICS 



STATE OFFICERS SINCE STATEHOOD. 

Since admission the state of North Dakota has had the following 
state officers : 

Governors. 

(First state officers qualified Noveinberr 4, 1889.) 



John Miller 1889-90 

Andrew H. Burke 1891-92 

(b) Eli C. D. Shortridge 1893-94 

Roger Allin 1895-96 

•Frank A. Briggs 1897-98 



(a) Joseph M. Devine . .1898 

Frederick B. Fancher 1899-00 

Frank White 1901-02 

Frank White 1903-04 

E. Y. Sarles 1905 



•*Died in office, July; 1898. 
(a) Served out unexpired term of Governor Briggs. 

Lieutenant Governors. 



Alfred M. Dickey 1889-90 

Roger Allin 1891-92 

(b) Elmer D. Wallace ..1893-94 

Tohn H. Worst 1895-96 

Joseph M. Devine 1897-98 



Toseph M. Devine 1899-00 

David Bartlf tt 1901-02 

David Bartlett 1903-04 

David Bartlett 1905 



Secretaries of State. 



John Flittle 1889-92 

Christian M. Dahl 1893-96 

Fred Falley 1897-98 

Fred Falley 1899-00 



E. F. Porter 1901-02 

E. F. Porter 1903-04 

E. F. Porter 1905 



Auditors. 



•John P. Bray 1889-92 

(a) Archie Currie 1892 

(b) A. W. Porter 1893-94 

Frank A. Briggs 1895-96 

N. B. Hannum 1897-98 



I 



I 



A. N. Carlblom 1899-00 

A. N. Carlblom 1901-02 

H. L. Holmes 1903-04 

H. L. Holmes 1905 



•Resigned. 

(a) Appointed to fill vacancy, September 10, 1892. 



Treasurers. 



L. E. Booker 1889-92 

(b) Knud J. Nomland ..1893-94 

George E. Nichols 1895-96 

George E. Nichols 1897-98 



D. W. 
D. H. 
D. H. 
Albert 



Driscoll 1899-00 

McMillan 1901-02 

McMillan 1903-04 

Peterson 1905 



Attorney Generals. 



George F. Goodwin 1889-90 | 

C. A. M. Spencer 1891-92 I 

(b) W. H, Standish 1893-94 

John F. Cowan 1895-96 j 

John F. Cowan 1897-98 | 



Tohn F. Cowan 1899-00 

O. D. Comstock 1901-02 

C. N. Frich 1903-04 

C. N. Frich 1905 



(b) Democrats. All others republicans. 



138 



LhGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Superintendents of Public Instruction. 



•William Mitchell 1889-90 | 

*W. J. Clapp 1890 I 

John Ogden 1891-92 I 

(b) Laura J. Eisenhuth 1893-94 j 
Emma B. Bates 1895-96 



Tohn G. Halland » . . .1897-98 

John G. Halland 1899-00 

Joseph M. Devine 1901-02 

W. L. Stockwcll 190304 

W. L. Stockwell 1905 



•\yilliam Mitchell died March 10, 1890, and W. J. Clapp was 
appointed to fill the unexpired term. 

Commissioners of Agriculture and Labor. 

H. T. Helgeson 1889-92 I H. U. thomas 1899-00 

(b) *Nelson Williams ...1893-94 R. T .Turner 1901-02 

A. H. Laughlin 1895-96 j R. J. Turner 1903-04 

H. U. Thomas 1897-98 1 W. C. Gilbreath 1905 

•Appointed; Adams, who was elected, failed to qualify. 

Commissioners of Insurance. 

A. L. Carey 1889-92 j George W. Harrison 1899-00 

(b) James Cuddie 1893-94 j Ferdinand Leutz 1901-02 

Fred B. Fancher 1895-96 j Ferdinand Leutz 1903-04 

Fred B. Fancher 1897-98 | E. C. Cooper 1905 

Commissioners of Railroads. 



Geo. S. Montgomery ....1889-90 

T. S. Underbill 1889-90 

David Bartlett 1889-90 

Geo. H. Walsh 1891-92 

Geo. Harmon 1891-92 

Andrew Slotten 1891-92 

(b) Peter Cameron 1893-94 

(b) Ben Stevens 1893-94 

(b) Nels P. Rasmussen ..1893-94 

John W. Currie 1895-96 

John Wamberg 1895-96 

Geo. H.' Keyes 1895-96 

Geo. H. Keyes 1897-98 

L. L. Walton 1897-98 



J. R. Gibson 1897-98 

Tohn Simons 1899-00 

L. L. Walton 1899-00 

Henry Erickson 1899-00 

Shea 1901-02 

Youngblood 1901-02 

Lord 1901-02 

Shea 1903-04 

Lord 1903-04 

Schatz 1903-04 

Diesem 1905-06 

Erick Stafne 1905-00 

John Christiansen 1905*06 



J. 


F. 


J. 


F. 


c. 


T. 


J. 


F. 


c. 


J. 


A. 


S 


C. 


s. 



Judges of Supreme Court. 

At the first state election, October, 1889, Guy C. H. Corliss, Al- 
fred Wallin and Joseph M. Bartholomew were elected judges of 
the supreme court for terms, respectively, three, five and seven 
years, and by lot it was determined that Judge Corliss should 
serve the three years term. Judge Bartholomew for five years and 
Judge Wallin for seven years. Each served and others have been 
elected as follows: 

Guy C. H. Corliss, of Grand Forks, for the term or six years com- 
mencing December, 1893. 

J. M. Bartholomew, of LaMoure, for the term of . six years com- 
mencing December, 1895. 

Alfred Wallin, of Fargo, for the term of six years commencing 
December, 1897. 

N. C. Young, of Fargo, for the term of six years commencing De- 
cember, 1898. Re-elected for the term of six years commencing De- 
cember, 1904. 



(b) Democrats. All others republicans. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



139 



Judge Guy C. H. Corliss resigned 1898 and N. C. Young was appointed 
to fill the unexpired term, and then elected in 1898. 

(b) David Morgan, of Devils Lake, for the term of six years com- 
mencing December, 1900. 

John M. Cochrane, of Grand Forks, for the term of six years com- 
mencing December, 1902. Died July 20, 1904. Edward Engerud 
of Fargo, was appointed to fill unexpired term. 

Edward Engerud, of Fargo, for the term of six years commencing 
December, 1904. 

Judges of District Courts. 

Terms expire 

First District— (b) Charles F. Templcton 1896 

First District— (b) Charles J. Fisk 1908 

Second District — (b) David E. Morgan 1900 

Second District — ^John Cowan 1908 

Third District— (b) Wm. B. McConnell 1896 

Third District— Charles A. Pollock 1908 

Fourth District— W. S. Lauder 1906 

Fourth District— Frank P. Allen 1908 

Fifth District— (b) Roderick Rose 1896 

Fifth District— S. L. Glaspell 1906 

Fifth District— Edward T. Burke 1908 

Sixth District— W. H. Winchester 1908 

Seventh District — O. E. Sauter 1900 

Seventh District— W. J. Kneeshaw 1908 

Eiehth Qistrict-.-L. J. Palda 1904 

Eighth District— E. B. Goss 1908 

(b) Democrats. All others republicans. 



LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLIES SINCE STATEHOOD. 

First Session — 1889-90. 

Convened November l5, 1889, and adjourned March 18, 1900. The 
membership was as follows: 

Senate. 

Lieutenant Governor Alfred Dickey, President. 
C. C. Bowsfield, Secretary. 



Judson LaMoure, 
•A. F. Appleton 
Roger Allin, 
•James H* Bell, 
J. E. ,^tevens, 
*M. L. McCormack, 
Geo. B. Winship, 
W. H. Robinson , 
John E. Haggart, 
H. J. Rowe, 



MEMBERS. 

*H. R. Hartman, F. G. 

Andrew Slotten, Bailey 

Andrew Helgeson, H. S. 

Andrew Sandager, *M. E 

Samuel A. Fisher, J. H. 

J. O. Smith, C. B. 

D. S. Dodds, Anton 
•John McBride, E. H. 
•R. D. Cowan, George 

E. L. Yeager, N. C. 
W. E. Swanston, 



Barlow, 
Fuller, 
Deisem, 
. Randall, 
Worst, 
Little, 
Swensrud, 
Belyea, 
Harmon, 
Lawrence, 



•Democrats. All others republicans. 



130 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

tion for all offenses except treason and cases of impeach- 
ment; but the legislative assembly may by law regulate 
the mianner in which the remission of fines, pardons, com- 
mutations and repnieves may be applied for. Upon con- 
viction of treason the governor shall have (the power to sus- 
pend the execution of sentence until the tase shall be re- 
ported to the legislative assembly at its next regular ses- 
sion, when the legislative assembly shall either pardon or 
commute the sentence, direct the execution of the sentence 
or grant further reprieve. The governor shall communicate 
to the legislative assembly at each regular session each 
case of remission of fine, reprieve, commutation or pardon 
granted by the board of pardons, stating the name of the 
convict, the crime for which he is convicted, the sentence 
and its date and the date of remission, commutation, par- 
don or reprieve, with their reasons for granting the same. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Sec. 179. All property, except as hereinafter in this sec- 
tion provided, shall be assessed in the county 7 city, town- 
ship, village or district in which it is situated, in the man- 
ner prescribed by law. The franchise, roadway, roadbed, 
rails and rolling s-tock of all railroads, and the franchise 
and all other property of all express companies, freight line 
companies, car equipment companies, sleeping car compan- 
ies, dining oar companies, telegraph or telephone com- 
panies or corporations operated in this state and used 
directly or indirectly in the carrying of persons, property 
or messages, shall be assessed by ^the state board of equal- 
ization at their actual value, and such assessed value shall 
be apportioned to the counties, cities, towns, villages, 
townships and districts in which such railroad companies, 
express companies, sleeping car companies, dining car 
companies, telegraph and telephone companies are located, 
or through whioh they are operated, as a basis for the tax- 
ation of such property, in proportion to the number of 
rniles of such property, within such counties, cities, towns, 
villages, townships and districts, or over which any part 
of such property is used or operated within such counties, 
towns, villages, townships and districts. But should any 
railroad allow any portion of its Toadway to be used for any 
purpose other than the operation of a railroad thereon, such 
portion of its roadway, while so used, shall be assessed in 
the manner provided for the assessment of other real 
property. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 131 



ARTICLE V. 

Subdivision 5, of section 215. 

Fifth. The school for the deaf and dumb of North Da- 
kota, at the city of Devils Lake, in the county of Ramsey. 

ARTICLE VI. 

Subdivision 8, of section 215. 

Eighth. A state hospital for the insane at the city of 
Jamestown, in the county of Stutsman. And the legislative 
assembly s^hall appropriate twenty thousand acres of the 
grant of lands made by the act of congress aforesaid for 
"other educational and charitable institutions," to the benefit 
and for the endowment of said institution, and there shall 
be located at or near the city of Grafton, in the county 
of Walsh, an institution for the feeble minded, on the 
grounds purchased by the secretary of the interior for a 
penitentiary building. 



PROCLAMATION OF ADMISSION 



[Issued by President Harrison, Nov. 2, 1889.] 

Whereas, The congress of fthe United States did, by an 
act approved on the twenty-second day of February, one 
thousand eight hundred and eighty-nine, provide that the 
inhabitants of the territory of Dakota might, upon the con- 
ditions prescribed by said act, 'become the states of North 
Dakota and South Dakota; and 

Whereas, It was provided by said act that the area com- 
prising the territory of Dakota should, for the purposes of 
the act be divided on the line of the seventh standard par- 
allel prodticed due west to the western boundary of said 
territory and that the delegates elected as therem provided 
to the constitutional convention dn districts north of said 
parallel should assemble in convention at the time pre- 
scribed in the act at the city of Bismarck; and 

Whereas, It was provided by the said act that the dele- 
gates elected, as aforesaid, should, after they had" met and 
organized, declare on behalf of the people of North Dakota 
that they adopt the constitution of the United States; 
whereupon the said convention should be authorized to 
form a constitution and state government for the proposed 
state of North Dakota; and 

Whereas, It was i>rovided by said act that the constitu- 
tion so adopted should be republican in form and make no 
distinction in civil or political rights on account of race or 
color, except as to Indians not taxed, and not be repugnant 
to the constitution of the United States and the principles 
of the declaration of independence; and that the constitu- 
tion should, by ordinance irrevocable without the consent 
of the United States and the people of said states, make 
certain provisions prescribed in said act; and 

Whereas, It was provided by said act that the constitu- 
tions of North Dakota and South Dakota should respect- 
ively incorporate an agreement, to be reached in accord- 
ance with the provisions of the act for an equitable divi- 
sion of all property belonging to the territory of Dakota, 
the disposition of all public records, and also for the appor- 
(tionment of the debts and liabilities of said territory, and 
that each of said states should obligate itself to pay its 
proportion of such debts and liabilities the same as if they 
had been created by such states respectively; and 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 133 

WJi-ereas, It was provided by said act that the constitu- 
tion thtis formed for the people of North Dakota should, by 
an ordinance of the convention forming the same, be sub- 
mitted to the people of North Dakota, at an election to be 
held therein on the first Tuesday in October, one thousand 
eight hundred and eighty-nine, for ratification or rejection 
by tne qualified voters of said proposed state, and that the 
returns of said election should be made to the secretary of 
the territory of Dakota, who with the governor and diief 
justice thereof, or any two of them, should canvass the 
same, and if a majority of the legal votes cast should be for 
the constitution, the governor should certify the result to the 
president of the United States, together with a statement 
of the votes cast thereon, and upon separate articles or 
propositions and a copy of said constitution, articles, propo- 
sitions and ordinances; and 

Whereas, It has been certified to me by the governor of 
the territory of Dakota, that within the time prescribed by 
said act of congress a constitution for th6 proposed state of 
North Dakota has been adopted and the same ratified by a 
majority of the qualified voters of said proposed state in 
accordance with the conditions prescribed in said act; and 

Whereas, It is also certified to me by said governor that 
at the same time that the body of said constitution was 
submitted to a vote of the people, a separate article num- 
bered 20 and entitled "prohibition" was also submitted and 
received a majority of all the votes cast for and against 
said article as well as a majority of all the votes cast for 
and against the constitution, and was adopted ,'• and 

^yhereas, A duly authenticated copy of said constitution, 
article, ordinances and propositions, as required by said 
act, has been received by me; 

, Now, therefore, I, Benjamin Harrison, president of the 
United States of America, do, in accordance with the pro- 
visions of the act of congress aforesaid, declare and pro- 
claim the fact that the conditions imposed by congress on 
the state of North Dakota to entitle that state to admission 
to the union, have been ratified and accepted and that the 
admission of the said state into the union is now complete. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and 
caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at 
the city of Washington, this second day of November, in 
the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and 
eighty-nine, and of the independence of the United States 
of America the one hundred and fourteenth. 

BENJ. HARRISON. 

By the President: 
JAMES G. BLAINE, Secretary of State. 



STATISTICS SINCE STATEHOOD 



1889 



STATISTICS 



STATE OFFICERS SINCE STATEHOOD. 

Since admission the state of North Dakota has had the following 
state officers : 

Governors, 

(First state officers qualified Novemberr 4, 1889.) 



John Miller 1889-90 

Andrew H. Burke 1891-93 

(b) Eli C. D. Shortridge 1893-94 

Roger Allin 1895-96 

•Frank A. Briggs 1897-98 



(a) Joseph M. Devine ..1898 

Frederick B. Fancher 1899-00 

Frank White 1901-02 

Frank White 1903-04 

E. Y. Sarles 1905 



•Died in office, Julyv 1898. 

(a) Served out unexpired term of Governor Briggs. 

Lieutenant Governors. 



Alfred M. Dickey 1889-90 

Roger Allin 1891-92 

(b) Elmer D. Wallace ..1893-94 

John H. Worst 1895-96 

Joseph M. Devine 1897-98 



Joseph M. Devine 1899-00 

David Bartlf tt 1901-02 

David Bartlett 1903-04 

David Bartlett 1905 



Secretaries of State. 



John Flittle 1889-92 | E. F. 

Christian M. Dahl 1893-96 I E. F. 

Fred Falley 1897-98 | E. F. 

Fred Falley 1899-00 | 

Auditors. 



Porter 1901-02 

Porter 1903-04 

Porter 1905 



♦John P. Bray 1889-92 

(a) Archie Currie 1892 

(b) A. W. Porter 1893-94 

Frank A. Briggs 1895-96 

N. B. Hannum 1897-98 



A. 
A. 
H. 
H. 



N. 
N. 
L. 
L. 



Carlblom 1899-00 

Carlblom 1901-02 

Holmes 1903-04 

Holmes 1905 



•Resigned. 

(a) Appointed to fill vacancy, September 10, 1892. 



Treasurers. 



L. E. Booker 1889-92 

(b) Knud J. Nomland ..1893-94 

George E. Nichols 1895-96 

George E. Nichols 1897-98 



D. W. 
D. H. 
D. H. 
Albert 



Driscoll 1899-00 

McMillan 1901-02 

McMillan 1903-04 

Peterson 1905 



Attorney Generals. 



George F. Goodwin 1889-90 

C. A. M. Spencer 1891-92 

(b) W. H, Standish 1893-94 

John F. Cowan 1895-96 

John F. Cowan 1897-98 



John F. Cowan 1899-00 

O. D. Comstock 1901-02 

C. N. Frich 1903-04 

C. N. Frich 1905 



(b) Democrats. All others republicans. 



138 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Superintendents of Public Instruction. 



♦William Mitchell 1889-90 | 

*W. J. Qapp 1890 I 

John Ogden 1891-92 I 

(b) Laura J. Eisenhuth 1893-94 I 
Emma B. Bates 1895-96 



John G. Halland , . . .1897-98 

John G. Halland 1899-00 

Joseph M. Devine 1901-02 

W. L. Stockwcll 1903-04 

W. L. Stockwell 1905 



•William Mitchell died March 10, 1890, and W. J. Clapp was 
appointed to fill the unexpired term. 

Commissioners of Agriculture and Labor. 

H. T. Helgeson 1889-92 I H. U. Thomas 1899-00 

(b) *Nelson Williams ...1893-94 j R. T .Turner 1901-02 

A. H. Laughlin 1895-96 \ R. J. Turner 1903-04 

H. U. Thomas 1897-98 | W. C. Gilbreath 1905 

•Appointed; Adams, who was elected, failed to qualify. 

Commissioners of Insurance. 



A. L. Carey 1889-92 

(b) James Cuddie 1893-94 

Fred B. Fancher 1895-96 

Fred B. Fancher 1897-98 



George W. Harrison 1899-00 

Ferdinand Leutz 1901-02 

Ferdinand Leutz 1903-04 

E. C. Cooper 1905 



Commissioners of Railroads. 



Geo. S. Montgomery ....1889-90 

T. S. Underbill 1889-90 

David Bartlett 1889-90 

Geo. H. Walsh 1891-92 

Geo. Harmon 1891-92 

Andrew Slotten 1891-92 

(b) Peter Cameron 1893-94 

(b) Ben Stevens 1893-94 

(b) Nels P. Rasmussen ..1893-94 

John W. Currie 1895-96 

John Wambcrg 1895-96 

Geo. H.' Keyes 1895-96 

Geo. H. Keyes 1897-98 

L. L. Walton 1897-98 



J. R. Gibson 1897-98 

Tohn Simons 1899-00 

L. L. Walton 1899-00 

Henry Erickson 1899-00 

L F. Shea 1901-02 

J. F. Youngblood 1901-02 

C. L Lord 1901-02 

J. F. Shea 1903-04 

C. J. Lord 1903-04 

A. Schatz 1903-04 

C. S. Diesem 1905-06 

Erick Stafne 1905-00 

John Christianson 1905*06 



Judges of Supreme Court. 

At the first state election, October, 1889, Guy C. H. Corliss, Al- 
fred Wallin and Joseph M. Bartholomew were elected judges K>i 
the supreme court for terms, respectively, three, five and seven 
years, and by lot it was determined that Judge Corliss should 
serve the three years term. Judge Bartholomew for five years and 
Judge Wallin for seven years. Each served and others have been 
elected as follows: 

Guy C. H. Corliss, of Grand Forks, for the term or six years com- 
mencing December, 1893. 

J. M. Bartholomew, of LaMoure, for the term of . six years com- 
mencing December, 1895. 

Alfred Wallin, of Fargo, for the term of six years commencing 
December, 1897. 

N. C. Young, of Fargo, for the term of six years commencing De- 
cember, 1898. Re-elected for the term of six years commencing De- 
cember, 1904. 



(b) Democrats. All others republipans. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



139 



Judge Guy C. H. Corliss resigned 1898 and N. C. Young was appointed 
to fill the unexpired term, and then elected in 1898. 

(b) David Morgan, of Devils Lake, for the term of six years com- 
mencing December, 1900. 

John M. Cochrane, of Grand Forks, for the term of six years com- 
mencing December, 1902. Died July 20, 1904. Edward Engerud 
of Fargo, was appointed to fill unexpired term. 

Edward Engerud, of Fargo, for the term of six years commencing 
December, 1904. 

Judges of District Courts. 

Terms expire 

First District— (b) Charles F. Templeton 1896 

First District— (b) Charles J. Fisk 1908 

Second District — (b) David E. Morgan 1900 

Second District — ^JFohn Cowan 1908 

Third District— (b) Wm. B. McConnell 1896 

Third District— Charles A. Pollock 1908 

Fourth District — W. S. Lauder 1906 

Fourth District— Frank P. Allen 1908 

Fifth District— (b) Roderick Rose 1896 

Fifth District— S. L. Glaspell 1906 

Fifth District— Edward T. Burke 1908 

Sixth District— W. H. Winchester 1908 

Seventh District— O. E. Sauter 1900 

Seventh District— W. J. Kneeshaw , 1908 

Eiehth Qistrict-^-L. J. Palda 1904 

Eighth District— E. B. Goss 1908 

(b) Democrats. All others republicans. 



LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLIES SINCE STATEHOOD. 



First Session — 1889-90. 

Convened November 1§, 1889, and adjourned March 18, 1900. 
membership was as follows: 

Senate, 

Lieutenant Governor Alfred Dickey, President. 
C. C. Bowsfield, Secretary. 



Judson LaMoure, 
*A. F. Appleton 
Roger Allin, 
•James H. Bell, 
J. E. ,^tevens, 
•M. L. McCormack, 
Geo. B. Winship, 
W. H. Robinson , 
John E. Haggart, 
H. J. Rowe, 



MEMBERS. 

*H. R. Hartman, F. G. Barlow, 

Andrew Slotten, Bailey Fuller, 

Andrew Helgeson, H. S. Deisem, 

Andrew Sandager, 'M. E. Randall, 

Samuel A. Fisher, J. H. Worst, 

J. O. Smith, C. B. Little, 

D. S. Dodds, Anton Swensrud, 
♦John McBride, E. H. Belyea, 
•R. D. Cowan, George Harmon, 

E. L. Yeager, N. C. Lawrence, 
W. E. Swanston, 



The 



•Democrats. All others republicans. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



MEMBERS. 

i D. Mc^Inlyre, G. E. Ingebretoen. Jr. 

B. Finkham, D. F. Thomas, 

hn O. Bye, Jamei McCormick, 



Frank J. Linger, 

W. W. Beard, 

B. H. Hankinson. 



^-. J. Thompson, James Brittin. 

Second Session — 1601-3. 

Convened January S, 1891, and adjouined March B. The men 
lerahip was as follows: 

Senate. 

Lieulenant Governor Roger Allin. President. 
C. C. Bowsfield. Secretary. 

MEMBERS. 

[udson LaMoure, "S. B. Brynjollson, John Almen, 

r L. Cashel, H. F. Arnold, 'M. L, McConnack, 

■John Bjorgo, Roderick Johnson, John Haggart. 

^. B. Pinkham, A. H. Lowry, H. N. Ink. 

la) Magnus Nelson, 'M. L. Engle, J. S. Weiaer, 

F. G. Enger, (a) S. Svennungsen, "John Bidlake, 

Andrew Bisbee. Frank Falmer, James McCormick, 



James Johnson, Jm. Miller, ' 

A. C. McGillivray, 

Independents and Fanners' Alliance. All others 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



141 



House, 

W. B. Allen, Speaker. 
J. G. Hamilton, Chief Clerk. 



* Patrick Horgan, 
Jacob Grabcr, 
*Chas. Ebbighausen, 
C. A. Burton, 
Jos. C. Colosky, 
O. S. Wallin, 
A. Hanson, 
E. H. Holtc, 
G. N. Smith, 
*Peter S. Larson, 
(a) John £. Hodgson, 
L. C. Hill, 
W. J. Skinner, 
Fred Dennett, 
L. P. Havrevold, 
H. A. Noltimier, 
*Geo. Lutz, 
W. B. Allen, 
G. H. Fay, 
John A. Davis, 
Wm. McKendry, 



MEMBERS. 

S. L. Haight, 
A. N. Foss, 
•E. E. Daily. 
G. G. Beardsley, 
W. H. Brown, 
Louis Thompson, 
A. L. Loomis, 
D. C. Tufts, 
J. C. Gill, 
•J. W. Cope, 
(a) K. Peabody, 
C. J. Christianson, 
(a) W. T. McCulIoch, 
•Ole Axvig, 
Chas. A. Erickson, 
L. L. Walton, 
•E. T. Kearney, 
John S. Ritchie, 
Wm. Oscar Ward, 
John Satterlund, 
•J. A. Farrah, 



Arnie Bjomson, 
*James Douglas, 
*W. H. Daniel, 
•M. F. Williams, 
*D. C. Cunningham, 
H. H. Strom, 
George Osgood, 
H. M. Peterson, 
J. Moody Watson, 
•M. N. Triplett, 
Harrv S. Oliver, 
Frank White, 
(a) J. P. Lamb, 
*John Burke, 
•J. V. Brooke, 
•Ralph Hall, 
Geo. K. Loring, 
Chas. Fiske, 
Fred. Holritz. 



•Democrats, (a) Independents and Farmers* Alliance. All others 
republicans. 

Extra Session. 

The second legislative assembly met in special session June 1 to 
June 3, 1892, inclusive, for the purpose of passing acts providing for 
the election of presidential electors and state, district and county 
officers; to create a state board of canvassers; to govern contests in 
election of presidential electors; to make appropriation for North Da> 
kota exhibit and building at World's Fair. 

Third Session — 1894. 

Convened January 3, 1893, and adjourned March 3, 1893. 

Senate. 

Lieutenant Governor Elmer D. Wallace, President. 
Fred Falley, Secretary. 



Judson LaMoure, 
•S. B. Brynjolfson, 
(a) William Hillicr, 
J. L. Cashel. 
H. F. Arnold, 
•M. L. McCormack, 
John A. Sorley, 
John Haggart, 
Roderick Johnson, 
N. B. Pinkham, 



MEMBERS. 

R. N. Ink, 

(a) Richard McCarten, 

*M. L. Engle, 

Frank White, 

F. C. Enger, 

(a) J. P. Lamb, 

•Tohn Bidlake, 

•John Burke, 

Frank Palmer, 

E. P. Day, 

E. Young, 



•J. M. Patch, 
Bailey Fuller, 
•F. M. Kinter, 
(a) J. W. Stevens, 
T. H. Worst, 
C. B. Little, 
Anton Svensrud-, 
Charles Gregory, 
Joseph Miller, 
A. C. McGillivray. 



^Democrats, (a) Independents. All others republicans. 



142 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



House. 

George H. Walsh,, Speaker. 
J. G. Hamilton, Chief Clerk. 



•p. J. Horgan, 
•Benj. James, 
•Robert Thexton, 
•F. A. Holiday, 
(a) N. H. Rinde, 
(a) K. P. Levang, 
*C. Ebbighausen, 
•William R. Johnston, 
•William O'Keefe, 
•Andrew Johnson, 
J. Dexter Pierce, 
•Geo. H. Walsh, 
(a) Lewis Thompson, 
(a) W. T. McCulloch, 
(a) S. M. Lee, 
•F. W. McLean, 
•Charles W. Plain, 
♦D. W. McCanna, 
L. P. Havrevold, 
T. H. Oksendahl, 
E. H. Lohnes, 



MEMBERS. 

Thomas Halverson 
J. B. Wineman, 
Arne P. Haugen, 
H. D. Hurley, 
H. H. Strom, 
L. H. Larson, 
O. S. Wallin, 
H. C. Southard, 
Seth Newman, 
D. C. Tufts, 
Elling Severson, 
B. F. Ritter, 
(a) P. Kelly, 
*A. C. Sanford, 
•Ralph Hall, 
George Wright, 
O. A. Boynton, 
(a) L. A. Ueland, 
(a) Geo. W. Towers, 
(a) J. W. Caldwell, 
J. H. Wishek, 



Geo. S. Churchill, 
J. B. McArthur, 
Samuel Bullard, 
•Borger Hallum, 
•John N. Dean, 
A. V. Benedict, 
(a) John £. Hodgson, 
(a) Theo. Johnson, 
Harry S. Oliver, 
(a) Thos. M. Elliott, 
(a) Hans O. Hagen, 
(a) John Logan, 
W. F. Cochrane, 
Wm. A. Bentley, 
John Yegen, 
John A. Davis, 
John Satterlund, 
J. S. Veeder, 
Louis Burkhart, 
L. A. Simpson, 



•Democrats, (a) Independents. All others republicans. 

Fourth Session— 1895. 

Convened January 8, 1895, and adjourned March 8, 1893. 

Senate. 

Lieutenant Governor John H. Worst, President. 
Fred Falley, Secretary. 



Judson LaMoure, 
(a) James Dobie, 
(a) William Hillier, 
George Clark, 
H. F. Arnold, 
Frank Viets, 
J. A. Sorley, 
H. H. Strom, 
John Haggart, 
D. C. Tufts, 



MEMBERS. 

A. V. Benedict, 
(a) R. McCarten, 
Patrick H. Rourke, 
Frank White, 
F. G. Enger, 
(a) J. P. Lamb, 
♦Chas. W. Plain,- 
•John Burke, 
C. G. Brown, 
E. P. Day, 
E. Young, 

House. 



T>. F. Davis, 
Bailey Fuller, 
Charles N. Valentine, 
(a) J. W. Stevens, 
Tohn H. Wishek, 
C. B. Little, 
A. L. Hanscom, 
C. E. Gregory, 
H. S. Parkin, 
A. C. McGillivray, 



James C. Gill, Speaker. 
J. M. Devine, Chief Clerk. 



MEMBERS. 

Ca) Jas. T. Blacklock, W. B. Wood, 
•Patrick Horgan, J. B. Wineman, 

(a) Stephen Eyolfson, Henry Hancock, 



J. C. Gill, 
L. B. Hanna, 
E. C. Sargent, 



•Democrats, (a) Independents and populists. All others republicans. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



143 



*Thomas Guinan, 
(a) N. H. Rindc, 
A. H. Kellogg, 
Ole A. Rod, 
George Hill, 
Wm. Fleming, 
Joseph A. Myers, 
Peter N. Korsmo, 
Jos. Colosky, 
Nicolai Swenson, 
Rollin C. Cooper, 
Linn B. Ray, 
*John Flack, 
•James Jennings, 
A. B. McDonald, 
C. L. Lindstrom, 
O. T. Tofsrud, 
R. J. Walker, 



MEMBERS— -Continued. 

Peter Herbrandson, 

John I. Lcrom, 

T. E. Nelson, 

O. S. Wallin, 

A. W. Edwards, 

E. S. Tyler, 

N A. Colby, 

T. Twichell, 

E. Gilbertson, 

Frank H. Prosser, 

Chas. McLachlan, 

Ed. F. Porter, 

J. J. Nierling, 

E. J. Gleason, 

J. B. Sharpe, 

(a) Andrew Smith, 

(a) F. W. Brainard, 

H. A. Armstrong, 



Eric Stafne, 
James Purdon, 
F. L. Dwyer, 
(a) John E. Hodgson 
(a) John Cryap, 
Erick Gunderson, 
Morris F. Brown, 
*Nels £. Rasmussen, 
(a) John Logan, 
Geo. S. Roberts, 
Thomas Richards, 
M. Spangberg, 
Anton Svensrud, 
John S. Murphy, 
Herman Kroeger, 
Fred Holritz, 
L. A. Simpson, 



•Democrats, (a) Independents and populists. All others republicans. 



Fifth Session— 1897. 



Convened January 5, 1897, adjourned March 5, 1897. 

Senate. 

Lieutenat Governor Joseph M. Devine, President. 

C. B. Little, President pro tempore. 

(b) J. C. Gill, Secretary. 

MEMBERS. 



Name Post Office 

Tudson LaMoure Pembina 

•James Dobie Tyner 

•K. P. Levang Park River 

George Clark Forest River 

Horace F. Arnold . Larimore 

Frank Viets Grand Forks 

W. A. Gordon .... Grand Forks 

H. H. Strom Hillsboro 

T. E. Haggart Fargo 

D. C. Tufts Argusville 

L. B. Hanna Page 

A. V. Benedict Lidgerwood 

*R. McCarten Cogswell 

Patrick H. Rourke Lisbon 

Frank White Valley City 

F. G. Enger Portland 



Name Post Office 

•Charles Dunlap Lakota 

(a) Chas. W. Plain Milton 

(a) D. W. McCanna Cando 

C. G. Brown Minnewaukan 

*H. M. Creel Devils Lake 

D. F, Davis Cathay 

B, W. Fuller Jamestown 

Chas. N. Valentine .... LaMoure 

Thos. F. Marshall .". Oakes 

John H. Wishek Ashley 

C. B. Little Bismarck 

A. L. Hanscom Towner 

Wm. E. Mansfield Minot 

John S. Greene Mandan 

A. C. McGillivray .... Dickinson 



•Fusionists. (a) Democrats. All others republicans. (b) Died 
January 9 ; succeeded by J. O. Smith. 



144 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



House. 

Erastus A. Williams, Speaker. 
Henry E. Lavayea, Chief Clerk. 

MEMBERS. 



Name 



Post Office 



John D. Wallace Drayton 

•Alexander Duncan Bruce 

H. N. Joy Hamilton 

*Thomas Guinan Hensel 

*Jas. J. Dougherty ... Park River 
* David E. Towle ...Park River 

•Julius Wirkus Minto 

•Charles Ebbighausen ..Grafton 

*K. O. Brotnov Grafton 

Peter N. Korsmo .... North wood 

John McConnachie Inkster 

William B. Wood ..Grand Forks 

James Ryan Grand Forks 

Frank Gaulke Thompson 

Andrew Offerdahl ...North wood 

H. M. Williams Blanchard 

S. N. Heskin Portland 

H. D. Hurley Duane 

Gunder Howard Hillsboro 

O. W. Francis Fargo 

*E. E. Cole Fargo 

N. A. Colby Grandin 

Egbert Gilbertson Hickson 

T. Twichell Mapleton 

W. J. Hawk Buffalo 

E. C. Sargent Amenia 

R. B. Boyd Wheatland 

James B. Power Power 

John S. Johnson Christine 

R. H. Hankinson .... Hankinson 
•John Cryan Geneseo 



Name 



Post Office 



•John Carlin Havana 

Robert J. Mitchell Sheldon 

E. S. Lovelace Ft Ransom 

George W. Earl Oriska 

•W. H. McPherson.. Valley City 
Nicolai Swenson . . . Cooperstown 

L. C. Goplerud Sherbrookc 

•Samuel S. Aas Aneta 

•J. B. Boyd Langdon 

•John Butter wick Milton 

•Qle Syvertson Dunseith 

C. L. Lindstrom Oberon 

C. A. Erickson Rugby 

Chas. A. Currier Crary 

•A. G. Tanton Devils Lake 

E. F. Porter Melville 

H. Peoples New Rockford 

John McGinnis Jamestown 

•Frank A. Lenz Jamestown 

J. B. Sharpe Kulm 

Theo. Northrup Ellendale 

Eugene F. Dunton .... Ellendale 

Wesley Baker ». Livonia 

Wm. L. Belden Napoleon 

E. A. Williams Bismarck 

Thos. Richards McKenzie 

F. M. Hammond . . . Willow City 

John S. Murphy Minot 

Herman Kroeger .... New Salem 
Donald Stevenson .... Stevenson 
Alfred White Medora 



•Fusion democrats and independents. All others republicans. 

Sixth Session — 1899. 



Convened January 3, 1899, adjourned March 3, 1899. 

Senate. 

Lieutenant Governor Joseph M. Devine, President. 

A. C. McGillivray, President pro tempore. 

J. O. Smith, Secretary. 

MEMBERS. 



Name Post Office 

•Judson LaMoure Pembina 

James Fuller Crystal 

(a) K. P. Levang ..Park River 

(b) J. L. Cashel Grafton 

•H. F. Arnold Larimore 

M. F. Murphy Grand Forks 

D. W. Luke Grand Forks 



Name Post Office 

(a) Charles Dunlap Michigan City 

W. A. Laidlaw Hannah 

(a) D. W. McCanna Cando 

O. I. Hegge Minnewaukan 

(a) H. M. Creel ....Devils Lake 

E. F. Porter Melville 

•B. W. Fuller Jamestown 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



145 



MEMBERS— Continued. 



Name Post Office 

F. W. Ames Mayville 

(b) J. E Cronan Fargo 

T. Twichell Mapleton 

*L. B. Hanna Page 

A. Slotten Wahpeton 

(a) R. McCarten Cogswell 

R. C. Sanborn Lisbon 

A. B. Cox Sanborn 

R. C. Cooper Cooperstown 



Name Post Office 

J. B. Sharpe Kulm 

•T. F. Marshall Oakes 

Wesley Baker Livona 

•C. B. Little Bismarck 

(b) V. B. Noble Bottineau 

•W. E. Mansfield Minot 

(b) J. McDougal Mandan 

*A. C. McGillivray . . , Dickinson 



^Republican holdovers, (a) Fusion holdovers, (b) Fusionists elected 
in 1898. All others republicans. 



House, 



Thos Baker, Speaker. 
John G. Hamilton, Chief Clerk. 

MEMBERS. 



Name Post Office 

J. D. Wallace Drayton 

W. J. Watts Hydepark 

J. Thordarson Henscl 

E. H. Restemayer Cavalier 

•J. J. Dougherty .... Park River 

♦D. E. Towlc Park River 

* W. R. Johnston . . Forest River 

*Henry Ferris Ardoch 

*K. O. Brotnov Grafton 

T. E. Tufte Northwood 

W. W. Glasgow Niagara 

J. D. Bacon Grand Forks 

Alex. Stewart Manvel 

M. Erickson Reynolds 

C. J. Ovind McRae 

O. G. Nelson Hatton 

O. C. Hauan Mayville 

P. Herbrandson . . . . Calendonia 

S. C. Swenson Portland 

W. D. Allen Fargo 

Thos. Baker jr Fargo 

G. W. Wolbert Casselton 

P. P. Chaccy Harwood 

N. O. Brakke Norman 

E. C. Sargent Amenia 

R. P. Boyd Wheatland 

W. W. Tousley Tower City 

M. Lynch Lidgerwood 

A. W. Thomas Seymour 

J. S. Johnson Christine 

A. Peterson Cogswell 



Name Post Office 

T. L. Taylor Cayuga 

T. J. Dwire Englevale 

A. H. Laughlin Lisbon 

G. W. Earl Tower City 

D. N. Green Valley City 

C. Winslow Golden Lake 

M. B. Cassell Clifford 

*S. S. Aas Aneta 

H. McLean Hannah 

S. Berger Olga 

W. Clarke Rolla 

J. Michels Graham's Island 

F. T. Gronvold Barton 

Henry Hale Devils Lake 

H. T. Ugland Crary 

E. B. Thompson Sheyenne 

H. J. Miner Sykeston 

C. A. Sanford Courtenay 

O. McHarg Jamestown 

C. S. Deisem — . Grand Rapids 

John Kennedy Oakes 

J. S. Peake Monango- 

T. W. Allshouse Steele 

G. O. Gulack Ashley 

R. N. Stevens Bismarck' 

Joseph Hare Bismarck 

O. Gilbertson Towner 

P. P. Lee Minot 

D. Stevenson Stevenson 

Wm. Engelter New Salem 

*F. Lish Dickinson 



•Fusionists. All others republicans. 



Bine Book— 12 



146 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Seventh Session — 1901. 

Convened January 8, 1901; adjourned March 8, 1901. 

Senate. 

Lieutenant Governor David Bartlett, President. 

President pro tempore — Judson LaMoure. 
Secretary— George L. Townes. 
Assistant Secretary — I. O. Moe. 
Assistant to Secretary— P. R. Rognlie. 
Sergcant-at-Arms — W. H. Brown. 
Doorkeeper — A. M. Greenfield. 
Journal Clerk — Mrs. J. M. Brown. 
Assistant Journal Clerk— Miss Katherine Coleman 
Chief Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk — L. D. McGahan. 
Bill Clerk— Olaf Holton. 
Stenographer — R. M. Tuttle. 
Messenger — Wm. Warren. 
Postmaster — Ed. Parrett. 
Watchman — B. Schmidt. 

Clerk of Judiciary Committee — Geo. Gibson. 
Chaplain — Rev. A. A. Joss. 
Proofreader — M. E. Shirley. 
Bill Room Clerk — Alex. Louden. 

Pages— Clarence McLean, Shed Lambert, Grant Call, Jos. Hare, 
Wm. Pollock. 

MEMBERS*. 

Dist. Name County Post Office 

1 r Judson LaMoure Pembina Pembina 

2 rh James Fuller Pembina Crystal 

8 f O. E. Loftus Walsh Park River 

4 f h J. L. Cashel Walsh Grafton 

5 r H. E. Lavayea Grand Forks Larimorc 

6 f h M. F. Murphy Grand Forks Grand Forks 

7 r J. D. Taylor Grand Forks Grand Forks 

8 rh F. W. Ames Traill Mayvillc 

9 r R. S. Lewis Cass Fargo 

10 r G. W. Wolbert Cass Casselton 

11 r F. S. Talcott Cass Buffalo 

12 rh A. Slotten Richland Wahpeton 

13 r J. F. Devlin Sargent Cayuga 

14 rh R. C. Sanborn Ransom Lisbon 

15 r A. B. Cox Barnes Valley City 

16 rh R. C. Cooper Griggs Cooperstown 

17 r I. Swenson Nelson Aneta 

18 rh W. A. Laidlaw Cavalier Hannah 

19 r Wm. Clarke Rolette RoUa 

20 rh O. I. Hegge Benson Minnewaukan 

21 r Henry Hale Ramsey Devils Lake 

22 r H. J. Miller Wells Bowdcn 

23 f M. D. Williams Stutsman Jamestown 

24 rh J. B. Sharpe LaMoure Kulm 

25 f O. E. Geer Dickey Ellendale 

26 rh W. Baker Emmons Livona 

27 r C. B. Little Burleigh Bismarck 

28 fh V. B. Noble Bottineau Bottineau 

29 r M. Jacobson Ward Minot 

30 fh J. A. McDougal Morton Mandan 

31 r L. A. Simpson Stark Dickinson 



r, republican; f, fusion; rh, republican holdover; fh, fusion holdover. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 147 

House. 

R. M. Pollock, Speaker. 

Chief Clerk — ^Joseph Scanlan. 

Assistant Chief Cflerk — W. D. Austin. 

Assistant to Assistant Chief Clerk — B. W. Shaw. 

Sergeant-at-Anns — Thomas Harrison. 

Journal Clerk — Wm. Surerus. 

Chief Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk — ^W. E. Clark. 

Bill Clerk— E. E. Ellis. 

Stenographer — Miss Bessie Waggoner. 

Messenger — Burton L. Weld. 

Postmaster — C. Lisk. 

Doorkeeper — ^James Flannagan. 

Watchman — A. B. Stedman. 

Clerk of Ju4iciary Committee — A. M. Baldwin. 

Chaplain — Rev. R. T. Guernsey. 

Pages — ^Arthur Mason, Chester Erstrom, Leo Homer, Kirk Noyes. 

MEMBERS. 

Dist. Name County Post Office 

1 W. J. Watts Pembina Hyde Park 

1 I. J. Chevalier Pembina Bathgate 

2 E. H. Restemaycr Pembina •. Cavalier 

2 J. Thordarson Pembina Hensel 

S E. R. Swarthout Walsh Park River 

3 'A. Dickson Walsh Conway 

4 •G. R. Gullikson Walsh Grafton 

4 John Miller Walsh Minto 

4 'J. H. Parr Walsh Grafton 

5 R. L. Bennett Grand Forks Inkster 

6 T. E. Tufte Grand Forks .Northwood 

6 J. D. Bacon Grand Forks Grand Forks 

6 'J. P. Galbraith Grand Forks Grand Forks 

7 Chas. Brisbin Grand Forks Thompson 

7 L. P. Hjelmstad Grand Forks Holmes 

8 Asa Sargeant Traill Caledonia 

8 T. I. Lerom Traill Buxton 

8 G. A. Willison Traill Blanchard 

8 T. E. Nelson Traill Hatton 

9 R. M. Pollock Cass Fargo 

9 W. F. Leech Cass Fargo 

10 P. P. Chacey Cass Harwood 

10 Thos. Heath Cass Gardner 

10 E. Severson Cass Davenport 

11 ' B. Mallough Cass Chaffee 

11 C. A. Tubbs Cass Hunter 

11 John Hill Cass Wheatland 

12 Eric Stafne Richland Galchutt 

12 A. W. Thomas Richland Seymour 

12 V. Morgan Richland Barrie 

13 H. C. Johnson Sargent Milnor 

13 G. B. Phifer Sargent Harlem 

14 T. J. Dwire Ransom Englevale 

14 L. P. Anderson ... Ransom Ft. Ransom 

15 Geo. M. Young Barries Valley City 

15 K. S. Ramsett Barnes Fingal 

16 M. B. Cassell Steele Clifford 

16 C. Winslow Steele Golden Lake 

17 C. A. Hall Nelson Lakota 

18 H. McLean Cavalier Hannah 

18 01c Axvig Cavalier Milton 



148 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



MEMBERS— Continued. 

Dist. Name County Post Office 

19 Fred Lemke Towner Cando 

20 F. T. Gronvold Pierce Rugby 

20 James Michels Benson Graham's Island 

21 G. W. H. Davis Ramsey Evanston 

21 H. A. Nicholson Ramsey Crary 

22 D. Niven Eddy New Rockford 

22 F. Chaffee Foster Carrington 

23 F. H. Keeler Stutsman Buchanan 

23 J. M. Watson Stutsman Kensal 

24 *J. A. T. Bjornson LaMoure Kulm 

25 Geo. Rose Dickey EUendalc 

25 A. Strutz Dickey Oakes 

26 T. W. Allshouse Kidder Steele 

26 G. O. Gulack Mcintosh •. Ashley 

27 Jos. Hare Burleigh Bismarck 

27 Henry Reade Burleigh Bismarck 

28 B. F. Hammond Bottineau Bottineau 

29 E. C. Palmer Williams WUliston 

30 A. M. Packard Morton Mandan 

30 Wm. Wade Morton Wade 

31 W. A. McClure Stark Taylor 

*Ind.-Dem. All others republicans. 

Eighth Session — 1903. 

Convened January 6, 1903; adjourned March '6, 1903. 

Senate. 

Lieutenant Governor David Bartlett, President. 

President pro tem — ^J. B. Sharpe. 
Secretary of the Senate— R. M. Tuttle. 
First Assistant Secretary of the Senate — Geo. L. Towns. 
Second Assistant Secretary of the Senate — ^James Twamley. 
Chief Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk — ^W. E. Clark. 
Bill Clerk— L J. Moe. 
Stenographer — Ed. LaMoure. 
Sergeant-at-Arms — W. H. Brown. 
Doorkeeper — D. B. Wellman. 
Messenger — Theodore Johnson. 
Postmaster — M. J. Freeman. 
Watchman — ^John Young. 
Journal Clerk — Miss Catharine Coleman. 
Assistant Journal Clerk — Mrs. J. M. Brown. 
Clerk of the Judiciary Committee — Chas. Donnelly. 
Chaplain — Rev. A. W. Hayes. 
Proof reader — J. M. Stewart. 
Bill room clerk— L. Wells. 

Clerk Appropriation Committee — ^J. W. Foley. 

Pages— Shed Lambert, A. O'Connor, Walter McLean, Willie Pol- 
lock and Floyd Brown. 

MEMBERS. 

Dist. Name County Post Office 

1 "r J. LaMoure Pembina Pembina 

2 A. Garnett Pembina St. Thomas 

3 •f O. E. Lofthus Walsh Park River 

4 •J. L. Cashel Walsh Grafton 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 149 

MtMBERS—Continued. 

Dist. Name County Post Office 

6 *r H. E. Lavayea Grand Forks Larimore 

6 J. D. Bacon Grand Forks Grand Forks 

7 *r J. D. Taylor Grand Forks Grand Forks 

8 P. Herbrandson Traill Caledonia 

9 *r R. S. Lewis Cass Fargo 

10 Geo. D. Brown Cass Wild Rice 

11 *r F. S. Talcott Cass Buffalo 

12 *A. Benson Richland Sperry 

13 "r J. F. Devlin Sargent Cayuga 

14 Ed. Pierce Ransom Sheldon 

15 *r A. B. Cox Barnes Valley City 

16 Maynard Crane Griggs Cooperstown 

17 *r Iver Swenson Nelson Aneta 

18 Henry McLean Cavalier Hannah 

19 'r Wm. Clarke Rolette ^.. Rolla 

20 A. J. Kirkeide Benson Normania 

21 'r Henry Hale Ramsey Devils Lake 

22 R. W. Main Towner Cando 

23 *f M. D. Williams Stutsman Jamestown 

24 J. B. Sharpe LaMoure Kulm 

25 *f D. E. Geer Dickey Ellendale 

26 A. Macdonald Emmons Glencoe 

27 "r C. B. Little _ Burleigh Bismarck 

28 *D. H. McArthur Bottineau Bottineau 

29 'r M. Jacobson Ward Minot 

30 H. G. Voss Morton Mandan 

31 *r L. A. Simpson Stark Dickinson 

32 J. D. Carroll Eddy New Rockford 

33 J. A. Regan Wells Fcssenden 

34 R. A. Fox McHenry Towner 

35 A. E. Johnson McLean Washbiim 

36 G. O. Gulack Mcintosh Ashley 

37 *M. A. Wipperman Richland Hankinson 

38 "H. O. Hagen Barnes Fingal 

39 W. H. Robinson Traill Mayville 

40 'C. W. Plain Cavalier Milton 



* Democrat; *r, republican holdover; *£, fusion holdover; **, inr 
dependent-democrat; •**, independent; all others republicans. 

House. 

Thos. Baker, Jr., Speaker. 

Chief Clerk — A. O. Anderson. 
Assistant Chief Clerk — W. D. Austin. 
Second Assistant Clerk — G. M. Hogue. 
Chief Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk — ^W. A. Kelley. 
Bill Clerk— Wellington Irysh. 
Stenographer — Miss Bessie Waggoner. 
Sergeant-at-Arms — Alex. McFadden. 
Doorkeeper — Harry Weiland. 
Messenger — R. M. Wigness. 
Postmaster — ^John W. Carroll, 
Chaplain — Rev. Gullstrom. 
Watchman — Guy Reems. 
Journal Clerk — S. B. Donahue. 
Clerk Judiciary Committee — Alfred Zuger. 

Pages— Perry Embertson, Walter White, Oscar Sundquist, Neil Mc- 
Hugh, Ward Preston, Clarence Anderson. 



150 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



MEMBERS. 



Dist. Name 

- 1 Geo. A. McCrea 
I. J. Chevalier 
W. J. Watts .. 
John Truemner 



County Post Office 

Pembina Drayton 

Pembina Bathgate 

Pembina Hydepark 

Pembina Cavalier 



1 
1 
2 
2 
2 
3 
3 
3 
4 
4 
4 
5 
5 
5 

6 H. P. Ryan Grand Forks 

6 E. O. Burtness Grand Forks Meckinock 



P. J. Skjold Pembina Hallson 

C. K. Wing Pembina Crystal 

G. N. Midgarden Walsh Grafton 

Thos. Johnson Walsh Park River 

J. J. Ferguson Walsh Park River 

John Miller Walsh Minto 

*Nels O. Noben Walsh Grafton 

T. A. Gagnon Walsh Minto 



Larimore 
. Inkster 



T. F. Mooney Grand Forks 

J. H. McLain Grand Forks 

T. E. Tuf te Grand Forks Northwood 

Grand Forks 



James Elton Grand Forks 

Henry Steinberg Grand Forks 

A. E. - Allen Grand Forks 



7 
7 
7 
8 Alex. Smart Traill Hendrum, Minn. 



Grand Forks 
. . . Reynolds 
Thompson 



8 T. H. Thompson Traill 

9 Thos. Baker, jr Cass . . . 

9 W. F. Leech Cass ... 

9 A. L. Wall Cass ... 

10 E. F. Gilbert Cass ... 

10 Thos. Heath Cass . . . 

10 E. Severson Cass . . . 

11 John A. Hill Cass ... 

11 B. H. Mallough Cass ... 

11 F. H. Dickinson Cass . . . 

*H. T. Connolly Richland 

•Geo. Hammer Richland 

*B. Schouweiler Richland 

G. B. Phifcr Sargent 

13 John Flados Sargent 

14 C. W. Buttz Ransom 

14 Fred Underwood Ransom 

15 Geo. M. Young Barnes . 

15 Jos. H. Rogers Barnes . 

16 M. B. Casscll ', Steele . 

16 G. H. Stavens Steele . 



12 
12 
12 
13 



Belmont 

Fargo 

Fargo 

Fargo 

. . Casselton 

. . . Gardner 

. . . Kindred 

Wheatland 

Wheatland 

Ayr 

. Wahpeton 

Abercrombie 

. Fairmount 

. . . Hampel 

. . . Rutland 

. Buttzville 

. . Enderlin 

Valley City 

Valley City 

. . . Qifford 

Hatton 

16 J. S. Palfrey Steele Hope 

17 S. L. Dahl Nelson McVille 

17 A. H. Smart Nelson Michigan City 

18 Chas. Chisholm Cavalier 

18 *M. McKnight Cavalier 

19 C. I. F. Wagner Rolette 

19 "A. N. Bourassa Rolette 

20 E. L. Richmond Benson 

20 N. E. Gullerud Benson 

20 M. Maddock Benson 

21 G. W. H. Davis Ramsey 

21 C. H. Baker Ramsey 



21 H. R. Aslakson Ramsey 

22 "C. P. Peterson Towner . 

22 "J. L. Harvey Towner . 

23 Anton Fried Stutsman 

23 Geo. B. McKenzie Stutsman 

23 Morris Beck Stutsman 



Langdon 
. . . . Hannah 

Roll* 

Rolla 

Minnewaukan 

Viking 

Goa 

. . . Evanston 

Devils Lake 

. . . . Edmore 

Bisbee 

Maza 

. . . . Fancher 

Kensal 

. Jamestown 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 151 

MEMBERS— Continued. 

Jist. Name County Post Office 

24 O. O. Ellison LaMoure LaMoure 

24 C. H. Sheils LaMoure Edgeley 

25 Geo. Rose Dickey Ellendale 

25 E. F. Stevens Dickey Glover 

26 C. A. Patterson Emmons : Linton 

26 P. J. Lyons Kidder Steele 

27 **L. D. McGahan Burleigh Bismarck 

27 ••John Bostrom Burleigh Bismarck 

28 G. A. Lillie Bottineau Willow City 

28 Jas. M. Watson • Bottineau Willow City 

29 Percy M. Cole Ward Kenmare 

29 C. P. Lee Ward Minot 

29 E. C. Pahner Williams Williston 

30 W. M. Simpson Morton Mandan 

30 Philip Blank Morton New Salem 

30 Chas. Weigel Morton Hebron 

31 Geo. A. Senour Stark Dickinson 

31 W. A. McClure Stark Taylor 

31 ••♦Frank Lish Stark Dickinson 

32 F. N. Chaffee Foster Carrington 

32 M. Mattson, jr Eddy Cheyenne 

33 H. C. Scheer Wells Fessenden 

33 C. V. Brown Wells Cathay 

33 A. Peterson Wells Harvey 

34 T. Welo McHenry Velva 

34 Thos. Oksendahl Pierce Rugby 

34 O. A. Knutson McHenry Harvey 

35 Henry Bartz McLean Anamoose 

35 Wm. Dieball Mercer Hebron 

36 A. Meidinger Mcintosh Hellwig 

36 J. A. Weed Logan i Napoleon 

37 Emil A. Movius Richland Lidgerwood 

37 *Tohn I. Hanson Richland Wyndmere 

37 •G. Van Arnam Richland Walcott 

38 S. J. Aandahl Barnes Svea 

38 •C. H. Noltimier Barnes Lanona 

39 A. T. Kraabel Traill Clifford 

39 H. G. Braaten Traill Mayville 

40 N. Robillard Cavalier Olga 

40 Jas. McDowell Cavalier Langdon 

• Democrat; *r, republican holdover; •£, fusion holdover; **, in- 
dependent-democrat; ••*, independent; all others republicans. 

Ninth Session — 1905. 

Convened January 3, 1905; adjourned March 3, 1905. 

SENATE. 

Lieutenant Governor David Bartlett, President. 
President pro tem — F. S. Talcott. 
Secretary — L. M. McGlashan. 
Assistant Secretary — James Twamley. 
Assistant to Secretary — F. W. Kempf. 
Chief Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk — ^John Andrews. 
Bill Clerk— O. J. Olson. 
Sergeant-at-Arms — D. B. Wellman. 
Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms — Ever Wagfness. 
Doorkeeper — Amos LaFrance. 



152 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



SENATE— Continued. 

Stenographer — Miss Katherine Coleman. 

Messenger — Ole Anderson. 

Postmaster — M. J. Freeman. 

Assistant Postmaster — E. R. Steinbrucck. 

Watchman — Frank Bohn. 

Journal Clerk — B. E. Lee. 

Assistant Journal Clerk — T. F. Norgaard. 

Clerk of the Judiciary. Committee — ^John P. Selby. 

Chaplain — Rev. O. F. Jones. 

Proof Reader— W. H. Pray. 

Bill Room Clerk— Geo. Game. 

Clerk of Appropriation Committee — Mrs. C. S. Budlong. 

Pages — W. S. McLean, H. Hogue, W. E. Savage and Shed Lam- 
bert. 

Doorkeeper in Gallery — E. R. Kennedy. 

Janitor — Arndt Mamel. 

Cloak Room Attendant — Harry Weiland. 

Assistant Engrossing and Enrolling Clerks — M. A. Shirley, K. 
Magnuson, Earl Gillmour, S. H. Carothers. 

Senate Stenographers — Miss Cora Simpson, Mrs. Karrie King May- 
field, S. G. Skulason. 

MEMBERS. 

Dist. Name County Post Office 

1 Judson LaMoure Pembina Pembina 

2 *r A. Garnett Pembina Pembina 

3 Thomas Johnson Walsh Park River 

4 *d J. L. Cashcl Walsh Grafton 

6 *E. K. Spoonheim Grand Forks Northwood 

6 "r J. D. Bacon Grand Forks Grand Forks 

7 John D. Taylor Grand Forks Grand Forks 

8 "r P. Herbrandson Traill Caledonia 

9 L. B. Hanna Cass Fargo 

10 *r Geo. D. Brown Cass Wild Rice 

11 Frank S. Talcott Cass Buffalo 

12 *d A. Benson Richland Christine 

13 John H. Dyste Sargent Forman 

14 *r Ed. Pierce Ransom Sheldon 

15 Geo. M. Young Barnes Valley City 

16 *r Maynard Crane Griggs Cooperstown 

17 Iver Swenson Nelson Aneta 

18 *r Henry McLean Cavalier Hannah 

19 C. L F. Wagner Rolette Rolla 

20 *r A. J. Kirkeide Benson Normania 

21 Andrew J. Stade Ramsey Devils Lake 

22 *r R. W. Main Towner Cando 

23 J. W. Sifton Stutsman Jamestown 

24 *r J. B. Sharpe LaMoure Kulm 

25 T. H. Thatcher Dickey Guelph 

26 *r A. Macdonald Emmons Glencoe 

27 C. B. Little Burleigh Bismarck 

28 'd D. H. McArthur Bottineau Bottineau 

29 H. H. Steele Ward Mohall 

30 "r H. G. Voss Morton Mandan 

31 L. A. Simpson Stark Dickinson 

32 *r J. D. Carroll Eddy New Rockford 

33 J.. Austin Regan Wells Fessenden 

34 *r R. A. Fox McHenry Towner 

35 Aug. E. Johnson McLean Washburn 

36 *r G. O. Gulack Mcintosh Ashley 

37 Emil A. Movius Richland Lidgerwood 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 153 



MEMBER^ — Continued. 

Dist. Name County Post Office 

88 •*H. O. Hagen Barnes Fingal 

39 Anton T. Kraabcl Traill Clifford 

40 'd C. W. Plain Cavalier ..Milton 



*r, holdover republican; 'd, holdover democrat; *, democrat; **, 
elected as independent in 1902, but is now a republican; all others 
republicans. 

HOUSE. 

George Piercy, Speaker. 
Chief Clerk— Otto Sougstad. 
Assistant Chief Clerk — M. A. Liles. 
Second Assistant Chief Clerk— T. C. Miller. 
Chief Engrossing and Enrolling Clerk — W. A. Kelley. 
Bill Clerk— J. F. Marsh. 
Stenographer — Miss Jeannette P. James. 
Sergeant-at-Arms — Ole T. Grant. 
Doorkeeper — J. A. Westerdahl. 
Messenger — T. J. Hampton. 
Postmaster — ^James Flanagan. 
Chaplain — Rev. A. W. Hayes. 
Watchman — Chas. Hubbard. 
Journal Clerk — ^T. G. Anderson. 
Clerk Judiciary Committee — Chas. Heckel. 

Pages— Ira Herbert, Walter White, Ralph Fisher, Hugh Fadden, 
Earle Hagy, James Brown. 
Janitors — M. A. Skarison, James McDougal. 
Bill Room Clerk— W E. Truemner. 
Gallery Doorkeeper — ^John Stoose. 
Cloak Room Attendants — ^Herman Melby, Thorwald TorgersOn. 

MEMBERS. 

Dist. Name County Post Office 

1 Geo. A. McCrea Pembina Drayton 

1 I. J. Chevalier Pembina Bathgate 

1 J. T. Briden Pembina Walhalla 

2 Christian Ganssle Pembina St. Thomas 

2 J. E. Truemner Pembina ." Cavalier 

2 Joseph Walter Pembina Gardar 

3 G. Midgarden Walsh Grafton 

3 H O. Sunderland Walsh Edinburg 

3. John A. Vernon Walsh Conway 

4 Tallack Tallackson Walsh Grafton 

4 W. S. Mitchell Walsh Minto 

4 *Tobias D. Casey Walsh Grafton 

5 Thos. F. Mooney Grand Forks Fergus 

5 W. W. Glasgow Grand Forks Niagara 

5 . John H. McLean Grand Forks Inkster 

6 H. P. Ryan Grand Forks Grand Forks 

6 E. O. Burtness Grand Forks Mekinock 

7 A. E. Allen Grand Forks Thompson 

7 Frank H. Sowle Grand Forks Reynolds 

7 C. F. Ovind Grand Forks McRae 

8 John Oveson Traill Buxton 

8 T. H. Thompson Traill Hillsboro 

9 N. G. Eggen Cass Fargo 

9 W. D. Sweet ^ Cass Fargo 

9 J. F. Treat -. Cass Fargo 

10 E. F. Gilbert .Cass Casselton 



154 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

MEMBERS — Continued. 

Dist. Name County Post Office 

10 Clark Moore Cass Gardno 

10 O. P. Dahlen Cass Kindred 

11 F. H. Dickinson Cass Ayr 

11 T. O. Burgum Cass Arthur 

11 R. G. Piper Cass Leonard 

12 H. J. Arnold Richland Fairmount 

12 W. R. Purdon Richland Wahpeton 

12 C. M. Johnson Richland Dwight 

18 John Flados Sargent Rutland 

18 Chas. H. Cooper Sargent Cogswell 

14 C. W. Buttz Ransom Buttsville 

14 Fred Underwood Ransom Enderlin 

16 J. H. Rogers Barnes Valley City 

16 Robert Clendening Barnes Wimbledon 

16 Nils Hemmingsen Steele Hannaford 

16 John S. Palfrey Steele Hope 

16 G. H. Stavens Steele Hatton 

17 Samuel L. Dahl Nelson McVille 

17 A. R. Swendseid Nelson Petersburg 

18 Robt. Meiklejohn Cavalier Langdon 

18 Dan McKechnie Cavalier Calvin 

19 D. Lemieux Rolette Dunseith 

19 Hillis Kyle Rolette Rolla 

20 E. L. Richmond Benson Minnpwaukan 

20 E. L. Baeverstad Benson Minnewaukan 

29 James Duncan Benson Josephine 

21 G. W. H. Davis Ramsey Evanston 

21 H. A. Nicholson Ramsey Crary 

21 Norman Nelson . . ; Ramsey Churchs Ferry 

22 Albert S. Gibbens Towner Cando 

22 Samuel Adams Towner Perth 

23 Anton Fried Stutsman Fancher 

23 James H. Cooper • . Stutsman Courtenay 

23 Geo. Piercy Stutsman Pingree 

24 Ole E. Ellison LaMoure LaMoure 

24 C. H. Sheils LaMoure Edgelcy 

26 Geo. Rose Dickey Monango 

25 E. F. Stevens Dickey Glover 

26 D. R. Streeter Emmons Linton 

26 Wm. L. Belden Kidder Steele 

27 R. N. Stevens Burleigh Bismarck 

27 M. Spangberg Burleigh Slaughter 

28 Geo L. Lillie Bottineau Sergius 

28 Jas. M. Watson Bottineau Willow City 

89 C. A. Johnson Ward Minot 

29 F. I. Lyons Ward Bowbells 

29 F. B. Chapman Williams Buford 

SO William Simpson Morton Mandan 

30 Philip Blank Morton New Salem 

80 Chas. Weigel Morton Hebron 

81 W. A. McClure Stark Taylor 

81 J. E. Phelan Stark Dickinson 

81 A. L. Martin Billings Sentinel Butte 

82 Geo. D. Palmer Foster Melville 

82' Ole Rue Eddy Sheyenne 

88 Chas. V. Brown Wells Cathay 

88 Herman C. Scheer Wells Fessenden 

38 August Peterson Wells Harvey 

84 T. Welo McHenry Velva 

84 C. D. Rice McHenry Towner 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 155 

— ' 

MEMBERS— Continued. 

Dist. Name County Post Office 

34 O. T. Tofsrud Pierce Rugby 

35 David Juzelcr Mercer Broncho 

35 John Schlenker McLean Goodrich 

.36 A. Meidinger Mcintosh Helwig 

36 Hennan Hardt Logan Napoleon 

37 Vivian Morgan Richland Barrie 

37 George Blake Richland Wyndmere 

37 A. O. Heglie Richland Walcott 

38 Martin Thoreson Barnes Daily 

88 Geo. O. Goulet Barnes Oriska 

39 H. G. Braaten Traill Mayville 

39 Geo. A. White Traill Portland 

40 W. E. Jennings Cavalier Milton 

40 N. Robillard Cavalier Olga 

* Democrat; all others republicans. 



' 



RULES AND STANDING COMMITTEES 

of the 

Ninth Legislative Assembly 



RULES OF THE SENATE. 1905 



ORDER OF DAILY BUSINESS 

After calling the Senate to order the following order shall 
govern : 

1. Prayer by the chaplain. 

2. Calling the roll. 

3. Reading and approval of the Journal. 

4. Unfinished business. 

5. Presentation of petitions and communications. 

6. Reports of standing committees. 

7. Reports of select committees. 

8. Motions and resolutions. 

9. Introduction of bills, joint resolutions and memorials. 

10. Consideration of messages from the House. 

11. First reading of Senate bills, joint resolutions and me- 

morials. 

12. Second reading of the same. 

13. Third reading of the same. 

14. First reading of House bills, joint resolutions and 

memorials. 

15. Second reading of tne same. 

16. Third reading of the same. 

17. Consideration of general orders. 

RULES. 

1. The President shall take the chair at 2 o'clock p. m., or 
the hour to which the Senate was adjourned, and call the 
Senate to order, and if a quorum be present he shall direct 
the Journal of the preceding day to be read and mistakes or 
omissions, if any, corrected. He shall preserve order and 
decorum, and decide all questions of order, subject to an ap- 
peal to the Senate. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 157 

2. Seven members may have a call of the Senate, and com- 
pel the attendance of absent members, until the call be dis- 
pensed with by a constitutional majority. 

3. Questions shall be put in this form: "As many as 
are of the opinion that (as the case may be) say aye," and 
after the affirmative voice is expressed, "As many as are of 
the contrary opinion say no." If the President doubt, or 
a division be called for, the Senate shall divide; those in 
th^ affirmative of the question shall arise from their seats, 
and afterwards those in the negative. 

4. All motions, except to adjourn, postpone or commit 
shall be reduced to writing if required by any member of 
the Senate. Any motion may be withdrawn by consent of 
the Senate. 

5. No member ®hall interrupt the business of the Senate 
while the Journal is being read, or when any member is 
speaking in debate, except on questions of privilege. 

6. Every member present, when the question is put, shall 
vote, unless he shall, for a special cause, be excused by a 
two-thirds vote of the Senate present; but no member shall 
vote on any question in which he is directly or personally 
interested, or any case where he was not present when the 
ouestion was put. 

7. When any member is about to speak in debate, or de- 
bate on any matter in the Senate, he shall rise from his seat 
and respectfully address himself to "Mr. President" and shall 
stand in his place until recognized by the chair, and shall 
confine himself to the question under debate, and avoid per- 
sonalities and the implication of improper motives. 

8. When a question is under debate no motion shall be 
received except to adjourn, to lay on the table, to move for 
the previous question, to move to postpone to a day certain, 
to commit or amend, to postpone indefinitely — which several 
motions shall have precedence in the order in which they are 
named, and no motion to postpone to a day certain, to com- 
mit, to postpone indefinitely, having been decided, shall be 
entertained on the same day and at the same stage of the 
bill or proposition. 

9. When two members rise the President shall name the 
member to speak. No member shall speak more than twice 
on the same subject, without leave of the Senate, nor more 
than once until every member choosing to speak on the 
subject pending shall have spoken, nor shall any member 
occupy more than ten minutes at the first time, nor more 
than five minutes at the second time, without unanimous con- 
sent of the Senate ; but in all cases the member who shall first 
address the chair shall speak first. 

10. If any member, in speaking or otherwise, transgress 
the rules of the Senate, the presiding officer shall, or any 



158 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



member may, call him to order, and when a member shaL 
be called to order by the President or a member of the Senate 
he shall sit down, and shall not proceed without the leave 
of the Senate. 

11. Every question of order shall be decided by the Presi- 
dent, subject to an appeal to the Senate, and the President 
may call for a sense of the Senate on any question of order. 

12. If any member be called to order by another member 
for words spoken the words excepted to shall immediately 
be taken down in writing, that the Senate may be better able 
to judge of the matter. 

13. A motion to adjourn and to lay on the table shall be 
decided without debate. 

14. Any member may call for a division of the question, 
which shall be divided if it comprehends propositions in 
substance so distinct, that on being taken away a substan- 
tive i^oposition shall remain for the decision of the Senate. 
A motion to strike out and insert shall be deemed divisible; 
but a tnotion to strike out being lost, shall preclude neither 
amendments nor motions to strike out and insert. 

16. No motion shall be debated until the same shall be 
seconded and stated by the President. 

16. When the reading of a paper is called for and the 
same is objected to by any member, it shall be determined 
by the Senate. 

17. The unfinished business in which the Senate was en- 
gaged at the last preceding adjournment, shall have the 
preference in the Special order of the day. 

18. Every bill and joint resolution shall be introduced on 
the report of a committee, or on a call for bills and joint 
resolutions, or by a motion for leave, unless objected to by 
one member of the Senate, which shall carry it over for one 
day; and such objection may be made at any time on or be- 
fore the first reading is completed. 

19. Every bill -shall be read three several times, but the 
first and second readings, and those only, may be upon the 
same day; and a second reading may be by title of a bill, 
unless a reading at length be demanded. The first and third 
reading shall be at length. 

20. The first reading of a bill shall be for information, 
and the bill shall be presented and go to its second reading 
without further question. 

21. Upon the second reading of a bill or joint resolution, 
the President shall refer it to its appropriate committee, 
unless the Senate, upon motion, decide to refer the same to a 
select or other standing committee, or to committee of the 
whole Senate; if to committee of the whole Senate, then it 
shall come up for consideration under the general order of 
the next day, unless otherwise ordered by the Senate. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 159 

22. No bill or joint resolution shall be committed or 
amended until it shall have been twice read; nor shall any 
such bill or joint resolution have its third reading and be 
put upon its final passage until at least one day after the. 
■same has been reported to the Senate by the 6ommittee to 
which the same has been referred; provided, that any bill 
or joint resolution may have its third reading and be put 
upon its final passage on the day the same is reported back, 
when so ordered by two-thirds of the members of the Senate 
present 

23. On the third reading of every bill or resolution, any 
amendment may be received and it may be recommitted at 
any time previous to its final passage. 

24. No bill shall be revised or amended, nor the pro- 
visions thereof extended or incorporated in any other bill by 
reference to its title only, but so muth thereof as is revised, 
amended or extended or so incorporated, shall be re-enacted 
and published at length. 

25. No bill shall become a law except by a vote of the 
majority of the members-elect in each house, nor unless on 
its final passage, the vote be taken by yeas and nays, and 
the names of those voting be entered on the Journal. 

26. The presiding officer shall, in the presence of the 
Senate, sign all bills and joint resolutions passed by the 
Senate. Immediately before such signing their title shall be 
publicly, read, and the fact of signing shall be at once entered 
on the Journal. 

27. No bills for the appropriation of money, except for 
the expenses of the government, sh^ll be introduced after the 
fortieth day of the session, except by unanimous consent of 
the Senate. 

28. In filling blanks the largest sum and longest tim^ 
shall be first put. When a motion or question has been de- 
cided in the negative or affirmative, any member having voted 
with the prevailing side may move a reconsideration on the 
same or following day, but when a motion to reconsider is 
laid on the table, a motion to reconsider cannot again be made. 

29. Before acting on executive business the Senate cham- 
ber shall be cleared, by the direction of the President of all 
persons except members, the chief clerk and sergeant-at-arms 
to be sworn. 

30. No standing rule or order of the Senate shall be re- 
considered or suspended, except by a vote of two-thirds of 
the members-elect, and no motion to suspend the rules and 
pass a bill shall be entertained except by unanimous consent, 
unless the bill has first been printed and considered by a 
committee. 

31. The rules of parliamentary practice comprised in 
"Reed's Parliamentary Rules" shall govern the Senate in all 



160 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

cases to which thty are applicable, and in which they are 
not inconsistent with the standing rules and order of the 
Senate, and the joint rules of the Senate and House of Rep- 
resentatives. X 

32. Wlhen the ayes and nays shall be called for by one- 
sixth of the members present each member called upon shall, 
unless for special reasons he be excused by the Senate, de- 
clare openly and without debate, his assent or dissent to the 
question. In taking the ayes and nays upon the call of the 
house, the names of the members shall be taken alphabetically. 

33. In the absence of the President of the Senate, or his 
refusal to act, the President pro tempore shall exercise all 
rights and prerogatives of the President for the time being. 

34. All bills and joint resolutions, after the first and be- 
fore the second reading, shall be printed, unless otherwise 
ordered by the Senate. 

35. There shall be appointed by the president of the senate 
the following standing committees : 

On judiciary to consist of fifteen members. 

On education to consist of nine members. 

On elections to consist of nine members. 

On appropriations to consist of seventeen members. 

On railroads to consist of thirteen members. 

On state affairs to consist of eleven members. 

On public lands to consist of nine members. 

On ways and means to consist of nine members. 

On agriculture to consist of seven members. 

On warehousing, grain and grain grading to consist of 
eleven members. 

On counties to consist of nine members. 

On engrossed and enrolled bills to consist of five members. 

On banks and banking to consist of nine members. 

On cities and municipal corporations to consist of seven 
members. 

On Indian affairs to consist of five members. 

On statistics to consist of five members. 

On federal relations to consist of seven members. 

On insurance to consist of nine members. 

On public health to consist of five members. 

On public printing to consist of five members. 

On temperance to consist of nine members. 

On mines and minerals to consist of seven members. 

On rules to consist of seven members. 

On immigration to consist of five members. 

On highways, bridges and ferries to consist of seven mem- 
bers. 

On irrigation to consist of seven members. 

On apportionment to consist of eleven members. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 161 



On corporations other than municipal to consist of seven 
members. 

On militarv affairs to consist of seven members. 

On woman suffrage to consist of five members. 

Also joint committees on the following subjects: 

On public buildings to consist of five members. 

On charitable institutions to consist of five members. 

On penal institutions to consist of five members.' 

On educatipnal institutions to con-sist of seven members. 

On state library to consist of five members. 

On joint rules to consist of seven members. 

36. A quorum for the transaction of business shall con- 
sist of a majority of the members elected to the senate. 

37. No person shall be admitted within the bar of the 
Senate except the executive, members and officers of the 
House, state officers, judges of the supreme court and dis- 
trict courts, members of congress, those who have been mem- 
bers of congress, and the legislative assembly, members of 
the constitutional convention, and all federal officials of the 
state, except by a vote of the Senate. 

38. Members of the Senate introducing bills in the nature 
of amendments to laws now existing shall designate in the 
title of such amendatory act the title of the act and shall 
have printed at length in the bill the section or sections to 
be amended. 

39. All nomination-s from the executive shall be opened 
and read immediately in executive session and then be re- 
ferred to their appropriate committees, unless otherwise or- 
dered; and the final question on every nomination shall be: 
"Will the senate advise and consent to themomination ?" which 
question shall not be put on the same day on which the nomi- 
nation is received, nor on the day on which it may be reported 
by a committee, unless by unanimous consent. 

40. All bills reported from committees with amendments 
shair be engrossed before being read the third time and placed 
upon final passage. 

41. All reports of committees and motions to discharge a 
committee from the consideration of a subject, and all sub- 
jects from which a committee shall be discharged, shall lie 
over one day for consideration unless, by unanimous consent 
the Senate shall otherwise direct. 

42. No member or officer of the Senate, unless he from 
illness or other cause, shall be unable to attend, shall absent 
himself from the session of the Senate during an entire day 
without first having obtained leave of absence, and no one 
shall be entitled to draw pay while absent more than one day 
without leave. 

43. The sergeant-at-arms of the Senate, under the direc- 
tion of the presiding officer, shall be the executive officer 

Blae Book— 13 



162 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



of the body for the enforcement of all rules made by the 
committee -on rules, for the regulation of the senate wing of 
the capitol. The senate floor shall be at all times under his 
immediate supervision, and he shall see that the various subor- 
dinate officers perform the duties to which they are especially 
assigned. 

SENATE STANDING COMMITTEES. 

Judiciary — Messrs. Little, chairman; Sharpe, Talcott, Simp- 
son, LaMoure, Voss, Bacon, Fox, Crane, Cashel, Pierce, Gar- 
nett. Young, Hanna, Regan. 

Education — Messrs. Talcott, chairman ; Cashel, Shai*pe, Gar- 
nett, Main, Young, Stade, McDonald, Herbrandson. 

Elections — Messrs. Hanna, chairman; Regan, Swenson, Gu- 
lack, LaMoure, McDonald, Cashel, Kraabel, Stade. 

Appropriations — Messrs. LaMoure, chairman ; Taylor, Crane, 
Sharpe, Little, McLean, Garnett, Cashel, Fox, Hanna, Voss, 
Stade, Herbrandson, Young, Sifton, Thatcher, Movius. 

State Affairs — Messrs. Sharpe, chairman; Fox, Herbrand- 
son, Brown, Little, Swenson, Crane, LaMoure, Johnson of 
Walsh, Plain, Regan. 

Public Lands — Messrs. Sifton, chairman; Young, Kirkeide, 
Hagen, Mc Arthur, Talcott, McDonald, Benson, Movius. 

Railroads — Messrs. Simpson, chairman; Swenson, Sharpe, 
Carroll, Regan, Benson, Gulack, Hanna, Dyste, Main, Hagen, 
Thatcher, Steele. 

Ways and Means — Messrs. Garnett, chairman; Bacon, 
Brown, Simpson, Voss, Movius, Thatcher, Wagner, Hagen. 

Agriculture — Messrs. Swenson, chairman; Talcott, McAr- 
Arthur, Main, McLean, Kirkeide, Plain. 

Warehousing, Grain and Grain Grading — Messrs. Kirkeide, 
chairman; Regan, Hagen, Johnson of McLean, Johnson of 
Walsh, Gulack, Main, Carroll, Kraabel, Mc Arthur, Spoonheim. 

Counties — Messrs. Johnson of McLean, chairman. Pierce, 
Carroll, Fox, Crane, Simpson, Dyste, Movius, Thatcher. 

Engrossed and Enrolled Bills — Messrs. Young, chairman; 
Steele, Dyste, Spoonheim, Wagner. 

Banks and Banking — Messrs. Pierce, chairman; Little, 
Bacon, Voss, Gulack, Simpson, Kirkeide, Steele, Movius. 

Cities and Municipal Corporations — Messrs. Bacon, chair- 
man; Simpson, Voss, Hanna, Young, Stade, Johnson of 
Walsh. 

Indian Affairs — Messrs. Gulack, chairman; McDonald, Wag- 
ner, Hagen, Spoonheim. 

Statistics — Messrs. Wagner, chairman; Dyste, Hanna, Sif- 
ton, Thatcher. 

Federal Relations — Messrs. Carroll, chairman; Taylor, Mc- 
• Arthur, Plain, McLean, Pierce, Dyste. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 163 

Insurance — Messrs. Regan, chairman ; Crane, Pierce, Fox, 
Carroll, McDonald, Little, Kraabel, Sifton. 

Public Health — Messrs. Taylor chairman; Sifton, Thatcher, 
Steele, Brown. 

Public Printing — Messrs. Garnett, chairman; Brown, 
Young, Taylor, Carroll. 

Temperance — Messrs. Kraabel, chairman; Pierce, Talcott, 
Brown, Benson, Young, Garnett, LaMoure, Thatcher. 

Mines and Minerals — Messrs. Herbandson, chairman; 
Simpson, McDonald, Garnett, Plain, Dyste, Sifton. 

Rules^-yi^ssrs, LaMoure, chairman; Little, Cashel, Sharpe, 
Talcott, Wagner, Young. 

Immigration — Messrs. Hagen, chairman; Carroll, Benson, 
Garnett, Johnson of Walsh. 

Highways, Bridges and Ferries — Messrs. McDonald, chair- 
man; McArthur, McLean, Herbrandson, Stade, Kraabel, 
Spoonheim. 

Irrigation — Messrs. Voss, chairman; Hanna, Swenson, Lit- 
tle, Simpson, Plain, Sifton. 

Apportionment — Messrs. Brown, chairman; Little, Garnett, 
Herbrandson, Kirekide, Plain, Steele, Fox, Main, Swenson, 
McDonald. 

Corporations Other Than Municipal — Messrs. Crane, chair- 
man; Cashel, Benson, Carroll, Johnson of McLean, Johnson 
of Walsh, Movius. 

Military Affairs— Messrs. Fox, chairman; Thatcher, McAr- 
thur, Main, Stade, Dyste, Wagner. 

Woman Suffrage— Messrs. McLean, chairman; Taylor, 
Bacon, Johnson of Walsh, Kraabel. 

Game and Fish — Messrs. Main, chairman; Garnett, Crane, 
Taylor, Talcott, Pierce, Steele. 

JOINT COMMITTEES. 

Public Buildings— Messrs. Simpson, chairman; Cashel, 
Hanna, 1 natcher, Gulack. 

Charitable Institutions— Messrs. Bacon, chairman; Carroll, 
Sifton, Spoonheim, Steele. 

Penal Institutions— Messrs. Little, chairman; Pierce, Mc- 
Lean, Kirkeide, Stade. 

Educational Institutions— Messrs. Talcott, chairman; Main, 
Fox, Taylor, Hagen, Stade, Cashel. 

State Library — Messrs. Sharpe, chairman; Crane, Brown, 
Gulack, Plain. 

loint Rules — Messrs. LaMoure, chairman ; Little, Cashel, 
Sharpe, Talcott, Wagner, Young. 



164 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



RULES OF THE HOUSE 



1. ^ The speaker shall take the chair at the time to which 
the house stands adjourned, and the house shall then be called 
to order, and the roll of the members called and the names of 
the absentees entered upon the journal of the house. 

2. Upon the appearance of a quorum the journal of the 
preceeding day shall be referred to the committee on revision 
and correction. Any mistake therein shall be corrected by the 
committee and reported to the house for action. 

3. Twenty-one members of the house may order a call of 
the house and cause absent members to be sent for, but a call 
must not be made while a vote is being taken. The call being 
moved, the speaker shall require those desiring the call to 
rise, and if twenty-one or more members shall rise the call 
shall be ordered. The call being ordered the sergeant at arms 
shall close the door and allow no member to leave the room. 
The clerk shall then call the roll and furnish the sergeant at 
arms with a list of those members absent without leave, and 
that officer must proceed forthwith to find and bring in such 
absentees. While the house is under call no business can be 
transacted except to receive and act upon the report of the 
sergeant at arms and no motion is in order except a motion to 
suspend further proceedings under the call, and said motion 
shall not be adopted unless a majority of all members-elect 
vote in favor thereof. Upon a report of the sergeant at arms 
showing that all members who were absent without leave, 
naming them, are present, the call shall be at an end, and the 
doors shall be opened, and the business pending at the time the 
call was made be proceeded with. 

4. The speaker shall preserve order and decorum and decide 
all questions of order subject to an appeal to the house. 

5. The speaker shall vote on all questions taken by ayes and 
nays (except on appeals from his own decisions) and in all 
elections or decisions called for by any member. 

6. Wihen the house adjourns the members shall keep their 
seats until the speaker announces the adjournment. 

7. Every member previous to his speaking shall rise from 
his seat and respectfully address "Mr. Speaker," and remain 
standing in his place before proceeding to speak until he is 
recognized by the chair. 

8. Wnen two or more members rise at the same time to 
speak the speaker must designate the member who is to speak, 
but in all cases the member who shall first rise and address 
the chair may speak first. 

9. No member shall speak more than twice on the same 
subject without leave of the house, nor more than once until 
every member choosing to speak on the subject pending shall 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 165 



have spoken, nor shall any member occupy more than ten 
minutes at the first time, nor more than five minutes at the 
second time, without unanimous consent of the house. 

10. No motion shall be debated or put unless the same 
be seconded. It must then be stated by the speaker before the 
debate and any such motion must be reduced to writing if 
the speaker or any member desires it. 

11. After the motion shall be stated by the speaker, it 
shall be deemed to be in possession of the house, but may 
be withdrawn at any time before amendment or decision, 
but all motions, resolutions or amendments must be entered 
on the journal, whether rejected or adopted. 

12. When a question is under debate no motion shall be 
received but to adjourn, to lay on the table, for the previous 
question, to postpone to a day certain, to commit or amend, 
to postpone indefinitely — which several motions shall have 
precedence in the order which they shall stand arranged. 

13. A motion to adjourn shall always be in order, except 
when a member is addressing the chair or a vote is being 
taken; that, and the motion to lay upon the table, shall be 
decided without debate. 

14. The previous question shall be in this form: "Shall 
the main question be now put?" It shall be admitted only 
when demanded by a majority of the members present, and 
its effect shall be to put an end to all debate and bring the 
house to a direct vote upon the amendments reported by a 
committee, if any, upon the pending amendments and then 
upon the main question. On a motion for the previous ques- 
tion, and prior to the seconding of the same, a call of the 
house shall be in order, but after a majority shall have sec- 
onded such motion, no call shall be in order prior to decision 
of the main question. 

15. When the previous question is decided in the nega- 
tive it shall leave the main question under debate for the 
remainder of the sitting unless sooner disposed of in some 
other manner. 

16. All incidental questions of order arising after motion 
is made for the previous question, during the pendency of 
such motion, or after the house shall have determined that 
the main question shall be now put shall be decided, whether 
on appeal or otherwise without debate. 

17. Petitions, memorials and others papers addressed to 
the house shall be presented by the speaker or by a member 
in his place. 

18. Every member who is present, before the vote is de- 
clared from the chair, must vote for or againist the question 
before the house, unless the house excuses him or unless he 
is immediately interested in the question, in which case he 
must not vote. 



166 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

19. When the speaker is putting the question, no member 
shall walk out of, or across the house, nor when a member is 
speaking, shall any person entertain any private discourse, or 
pass between the person speaking and the chair. 

20. If a question in debate contains several propositions, 
any member may have the same divided. 

21. A member called to order must immediately sit down 
unless permitted to explain, and the house, if appealed to. 
must decide the ca^e. If there be no appeal, the decision of 
the chair shall stand. On appeal no member shall speak 
more than once without leave of the house. When a mem- 
ber is called to order for offensive language there shall be 

tio debate. 

22. A bill can only be introduced on the report of a com* 
mittee, or on a call for bills, or by a motion for leave. 

23. Every bill, before being introduced shall be in type- 
written form and shall have endorsed thereon its title, and 
every bill and resolution shall have endorsed thereon the 
name of the member introducing the same, and when ordered 
by a committee ,the name of such committee shall be en- 
dorsed thereon. 

24. Every bill, memorial, order and resolution, requiring 
the approval of the governor, or a change in the constitution 
of the state of North Dakota, shall, after second reading, be 
referred to its appropriate committee, and if reported with- 
out amendment shall pass to its third reading, unless other- 
wise ordered, and when amended it shall go to committee 
of the whole bouse. 

25. All bills shall be properly engrossed before their final 
passage. 

26. No amendment shall be received on the third reading, 
except to fill blanks, without unanimous consent of the house, 
but all bills and resolutions may be recommitted at any time 
previous to their passage. If any amendment be reported 
on such recommitment by any other than a committee of the 
whole, it shall be read a second time, and the question of 
third reading and passage then put. 

27. No motion or proposition on a subject different from 
that under consideration shall be admitted under color of 
amendment; no bill or resolution shall at any time be 
amended by annexing thereto, or incorporating therewith, any 
other bill or resolution pending before the house. 

28. In forming a committee of the whole house the 
speaker shall appoint a chairman to preside. 

29. Bills committed to the committee of the whole house 
shall be read, be open to amendment and debated by sections, 
unless otherwise ordered, leaving the title to be last con- 
sidered ; all amendments shall be noted in writing and re- 
ported to the house by the chairman. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 167 

30. All questions, whether in committee, or in the house, 
shall be put in the order in which they are moved, except in 
the case of privileged questions, and in filling blanks the 
largest sum and the longest time shall be first put. 

31. A similar mode of procedure shall be observed with 
bills which have originated in and passed the senate as with 
bills which have originated in the house, except that they 
shall not be printed, nor engrossed or enrolled. 

32. No motion for reconsideration shall be in order unless 
on the same day or the day following that on which the 
decision proposed to be considered took place, nor unless one 
of the majority shall move a reconsideration. 

33. When notice of intention to move the reconsideration 
of any bill or joint resolution shall be given by a member, 
the clerk of the house shall retain the said bill or joint 
resolution until after the time during which the said motion can 
be made unless the same can previously be disposed of. 

34. Any member who votes on the. majority side of a 
question may move a reconsideration of the same, which 
motion shall be decided by a majority vote. 

35. The rules of the house shall be observed in committee 
of the whole house so far as may be applicable except that 
the ayes and nays shall not be called, the previous question 
enforced nor the time of speaking limited. 

36. A motion that the committee rise shall always be in 
order and shall be decided without debate. 

37. No bill reported from standing or select committees 
or from the committee of the whole shall come up for a 
third reading until the first day after such report unless the 
house by a two-thirds vote otherwise orders. 

38. Standing committees shall be appointed on the fol- 
lowing subjects: 

On rules to consist of nine members. 
On mileage and per diem to consist of three members. 
On judiciary to consist of fifteen members. 
On ways and means to consist of eleven members. 
On railroads to consist of fifteen members. 
On appropriations to^ consist of fifteen members. 
On engrossment to consist of nine members. 
On enrollment to consist of nine members. 
On education to consist of nine members. 
On elections and privileges to consist of nine members. 
On municipal corporations to consist of nine members. 
On corporations other than municipal to consist of nine 
members. 

On agriculture to consist of thirteen members. 
On public printing to consist of nine members. 
On irrigation to consist of nine members. 
On insurance to consist of nine members. 



168 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

On banking to consist of eleven members. 

On labor to consist of nine members. 

On immigration to consist of nine members. 

On apportionment to consist of a member from each sena- 
torial district. 

On schools and public lands to consist of nine members. 

On public health to consist of nine members. 

On military affairs to consist of nine members. 

On warehouses, grain, grading and dealing to consist of 
fifteen members. 

On federal relations to consist of nine members. 

On mines and mining to consist of nine members. 

On temperance to consist: of fifteen members. 

On highways, bridges and ferries to consist of nine mem- 
bers. 

On state affairs to consist of fifteen members. 

On supplies and expenditures to consist of nine members. 

On forestry to consist of nine members. 

On public debt to consist of nine members. 

On woman suffrage to consist of nine members. 

On manufactures to consist of nine members. 

On counties and county boundaries to consist of nine 
members. 

On taxes and tax laws to consist of fifteen members. 

On coal lands and mining to consist of nine members. 

On live stock industry to consist of eleven members. 

On revision and correction of the journal to consist of 
seven members. 

On game and fish to consist of nine members. 

Also joint committees on the following subjects: 

On public buildings to consist of nine members. 

On charitable institutions to consist of nine members. 

On penal institutions to consist of nine members. 

On educati_onal institutions to consist of nine members. 

On state library to consist of nine members. 

On joint rules to consist of nine members. 

39. The first named member of each committee shall be 
the chairman and in his absence or being excused by the 
house the next named member and so on as often as the 
case shall happen, shall act as chairman. 

40. The committee on engrossment shall examine all bills 
after they are engrossed and report the same to the house 
correctly engrossed before their third reading; said committee 
may report at any time. 

41. The committee on enrollment shall examine all 
house bills and memorials which have passed the two houses, 
and when reported correctly enrolled, they shall be presented 
to the presiding officers of the house and senate for their 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 169 

signatures, and when so signed, presented to the governor for 
his approval ; said committee may report at any time. 

42. Select committees to whom reference shall have been 
made, must, in all cases, report a state of facts and their 
opinion thereon to the house. 

43. In all cases where a bill, order or resolution, or motion 
shall be entered upon the journal of the house, the name of 
the member moving the same shall be entered on the journal. 

44. No person shall be admitted within the bar of the 
house except the executive, members of the senate, state 
officers, judges of the supreme and district courts, members 
of congress, €x-members of the legislative assembly, dele- 
gates to the state constitutional convention, all federal officers 
of the state and reporters for newspapers, except by card of 
the speaker. Any person lobbying on the floor of the house 
shall forfeit the privilege granted by this rule. 

45. After calling the house^ to order the order of business 
for the day shall be as follows : 

1. Prayer by the chaplain. 

2. Calling the roll. 

3. Reference of the journal. 

4. Presentation of petitions and communications. 

5. Reports of standing committees. 

6. Reports of select committees. 

7. Motions and resolutions. 

8. Unfinished business. 

9. Introduction of bills and memorials. 

10. First and second reading of house bills and memorials. 

11. Third reading of the same. 

12. Consideration of messages from the senate. 

13. First and second reading of senate bills and memorials. 

14. Third reading of the same. 

15. Consideration of general orders. 

46. Whenever the report of any committee of conference 
contains several modifications or amendments, any member 
may have the same divided, and the question of concurrence 
taken separately upon each modification or amendment. 

47. When the house has arrived at "the general orders 
of the day" it shall go into committee of the whole upon such 
orders, or a particular order designated by a vote of the 
house, and no other business shall be in order until the 
whole are considered or passed, or the committee rise; and 
unless a particular bill is ordered up the committee of the 
whole shall consider, act upon, or pass the general order, ac- 
cording to the order of reference. 

48. The speaker may leave the chair, and appoint a mem- 
ber to preside, but not for a longer time than one day, except 
by leave of the house. 



170 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



49. The rules of parliamentary practice adopted by the 
house of representatives of the United States shall govern 
the house in all cases to which they are applicable, and in 
which they are not inconsistent with the standing rules and 
orders of the house, and the joint rules and orders of the 
senate and house of representatives. 

50. No rule of the house shall be suspended, altered or 
amended without the concurrence of two-thirds of the mem- 
bers of the whole house 

51. The hour of daily meeting of the house shall be 2 
o'clock in the afternoon, until the house directs otherwise. 

52. The ayes and nays shall not be ordered unless de- 
demanded b" one-sixth of the members present except on 
the final nassage of bills, concurrent resolutions to amend 
the constitution, and memorials, in which case ayes and nays 
shall be had without demand. 

53. In case all the members of any committee, required or 
entitled to report on any subject referred to them, cannot 
agree upon any report the majority and minority may each 
make a special report, and any member dissenting in whole 
or in part from the reasoning and conclusions of both ma- 
jority and minority may also present to the house a statement 
of his reasonings and conclusions ; and all reports, if decorous 
in language and respectful to the house, shall be entered at 
length on the journal. 

54. No smoking shall be allowed in the house while in 
session. 

55. No member or other person shall remain by the clerk's 
desk when the ayes and nays are being called. 

56. In case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct in 
the lobby or gallery, the speaker or chairman of the commit- 
tee of the whole shall have power to order the same to be 
cleared. 

57. No member or officer of the house, unless he from 
illness or other cause shall be unable to attend, shall absent 
himself from a session of the house during an entire day 
without having first obtained leave of absence, and no one 
shall be entitled to draw pay while absent more than one day 
without leave. 

58. Neither the chief clerk nor his assistant shall permit 
any records or papers belonging to the house to be taken out 
of their custody otherwise than in the regular course of bus- 
iness. The chief clerk shall report all missing bills, resolu- 
tions and papers to the speaker; shall have general super- 
vision of all clerical duties appertaining to the business of the 
house; shall perform, under the direction of the speaker, all 
duties pertaining to the office, and shall also keep a book 
showing the situation and progress of all bills, memorials 
and joint resolutions. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 171 

59. At least one da3r's notice shall be given of the intro- 
duction of any motion or resolution calling for or involving 
the expenditure of any money. 

60. The chairmen of the diiflferent standing committees 
shall send to the chief clerk's desk, to be read previous to 
adjournment, notice of the time and place of meeting of such 
committee. 

HOUSE STANDING COMMITTEES. 

Judiciary — Messrs. Buttz, chairman; Treat, Dickinson, 
Stevens of Burleigh, Ryan, Rose, Adams, Peterson, Briden, 
Johnson of Ward, Gilbert, Richmond, Lillie, Cooper of Sar- 
gent, Ellison. 

Ways and Means — Messrs. McKechnie, chairman; Braaten, 
Ganssle, Heglie, Streeter, Duncan, Robillard, Glasgow, Welo, 
Palfrey, Johnson of Ward. 

. Railroads — Messrs. Davis, chairman ; Rose, Chapman, 
Chevalier, Belden, Treat, Dickinson, Cooper of Stutsman, 
Buttz, Tofsrud, Mitchell, Glasgow, Richmond, Stevens of 
Burleigh, Gilbert. 

Appropriations — Messrs. Sweet, chairman; Fried, Allen, 
Rogers, Stevens of Dickey, Johnson of Richland, McLain, 
Gilbert, Phelan, Nicholson, Stevens of Burleigh,^ Underwood, 
Chevalier, Simpson, Mitchell. 

Engrossed Bills — Messrs. Brown, chairman; Welo, Meidin- 
g:er, Goulet, Weigle, Eggen, Flados, Stavens, Dahl. 

Enrolled Bills — Messrs. McClure, chairman ; Gilbert, Glas- 
gow, Johnson of Richland, Palmer, White, Piper, Underwood, 
Eggen. 

Education — Messrs. Martin, chairman; McCrea, Purdon, 
Mooney, Fried, Burgum, Rogers, Thoreson, Juzeler. 

Elections and Privileges — Messrs. Blake, chairman ; Davis, 
Briden, Robillard, Blank, Palmer, McKechnie, Piper, Chap- 
man. 

Municipal Corporations — Messrs. Ryan, chairman; White, 
Rice, Phelan, Gibbens, Sowle, Meiklejohn, Heglie, Sweet. 

Corporations Other Than Municipal — Messrs. Tofsrud, 
chairman; Belden, McKechnie," Lillie, Nelson, Schlenker, Eg- 
gen, Sunderland, Palmer. 

Agriculture — Messrs. Robillard, chairman; Duncan, Mor- 
gan, Nicholson, White, McKechnie, Lillie, Truemner, Mid- 
garden, Hemmingsen, Tallackson, Kyle, Rue. 

Public Printing-r-Messrs. Mitchell, chairman; Johnson of 
Ward, Arnold, Watson, Streeter, Gilbert, Weigel, Brown, 
Eggen. 

Irrigation — Messrs. Chapman, chairman; Phelan, Mitchell, 
Spangberg, Simpson, Juzeler, Lillie, Streeter, Ellison. 

Insurance — Messrs. Fried, chairman; Treat, Ganssle, Glas- 
gow, Weigel, Brown, Dickinson, Stevens of Dickey, Ovind. 



172 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Banking — Messrs, Clendcning, chairman; Chapman, Arnold, 
Peterson, Piper, Cooper of Stutsman, Martin, Underwood, 
Totsrud, Weigel, Lyon. 

Labor — Messrs. Flados, chairman; Kyle, Walters, Dahl, 
Vernon, Dahlen, Jennings, Mooney, Duncan. 

Immigration — Messrs. Mooney, chairman; Swendseid, 
Spangberg, Mei dinger, Weigel, Schlenker, Hemmingson, 
Lemieux, Flados. 

Apportionment — Messrs. Briden, chairman; Walters, Sun- 
derland, Tallackson, Mooney, Burtness, Sowle, Thompson, 
Eggen, Moore, Piper, Purdon, Flados, Buttz, Rogers, Stavens, 
Dahl, Meiklejohn, Lemieux, Baeverstad, Nelson, Adams, Fried, 
Ellison, Stevens of Dickey, Belden, Spangberg, Watson, Lyon, 
Simpson, Martin, Rue, Scheer, Welo, Schlenker, Meidinger, 
Heglie, Goulet, White, Jennings. 

School and Public Lands — Messrs. Palfrey, chairman; 
Adams, Vernon, Truemner, Piper Baeverstad, Rice, Phelan, 
Swendseid. 

Public Health — Messrs. Lemieux, chairman; Dahlen, Jen- 
nings, Ovind, McKechnie, Dickinson, Hardt, Thoreson, Weigel. 

Military Affairs — Messrs. Purdon, chairman; Nicholson, 
Dahl, Spangberg, Lianssle, Buttz, Casey, Allen, Moore. 

Warehouses, Grain Grading and Dealing — Messrs. Dickin- 
son, chairman; Underwood, Swendseid, Truemner, Nicholson, 
Shiels, Stevens of Dickey, Casey, Nelson, Ovind, Palfrey, 
Goulet, Lyon, Duncan, Clendening. 

Federal Relations — Messrs. Johnson of Richland, chairman; 
Braaten, Casey, Cooper of Sargent, Stavens, Morgan, Welo, 
Meidinger, Goulet. 

Mines and Mining — Messrs. Sowle, chairman; Walter. Bel- 
den, Hardt, Rue, Tallackson, Watson, Martin, Robillard. 

Temperance — Messrs. McCrea, chairman; Stevens of Bur- 
leigh, Shiels, Hardt, Burgum, Blank, Rue, Moore, Hemming- 
son, Morgan, Oyeson, Streeter, Midgarden, Juzeler, Burtness. 

Highways, Bridges and Ferries — Messrs. Lyon, chairman; 
Baeverstad, Dahlen, Gibbens, Jennings, Chapman, Thoreson, 
White, Simpson. 

State Affairs — Messrs. Richmond, chairman; Davis, Mc- 
Crea, Mitchell, Blake, Chapman, Sheils, Rose, Stevens of 
Burleigh, Clendening, Cooper of Stutsman, Schlenker, Mc- 
Clure, Palmer, Streeter. 

Supplies and Expenditures — Messrs. Ganssle, chairman; 
Sunderland, Scheer, Ovind, Hemmingson, Burtness, Meidin- 
ger, Blake, Cooper of Stutsman. 

For^.y^r3;— Messrs. Lillie, chairman; Thompson, Morgan, 
Vernon, Kyle, Chevalier, Tallackson, Glasgow, Burgum. 

Public Debt — Messrs. Peterson, chairman; Treat, Rogers, 
Johnson of Richland, McCrea, McLain, Moore, Palfrey, 
Lemieux. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 173 

Woman Suffrage — Messrs. Oveson, chairman; Braaten, 
Midgarden, Tallackson, Eggen, Hemmingson, Flados, Hardt, 
Nicholson. 

Manufacturers — Messrs. Vernon, chairman; Ryan, Thomp- 
so, Chevalier, Treat, Truemner,. Heglie, Arnold, Juzeler. 

Counties and County Boundaries — Messrs Johnson of Wafd, 
chairman; Stavens, Palfrey, Brown, Midgarden, Watson, 
Blank, Scheer, Morgan. 

Taxes and Tax Laws — Messrs. Rice, chairman; Gibbons, 
Johnson of Ward, Arnold, McLain, Burgum, Peterson, Ellison, 
Underwood, Davis, Richmond, Kyle, Meiklejohn, Tofsrud, 
Clendening. 

Coal Lands and Mining — Messrs, Shiels, chairman; Lyon, 
Gibbens, Underwood, Arnold, Ovind, Phelan, Sweet, Stevens 
of Burleigh. 

Live Stock Industry — Messrs. Phelan, chairman; Oveson, 
Duncan, Ellison, Blank, Belden, Heglie, Blake, Rice, 
Mooney, Sowle. 

Revision and Correction of Journal — Messrs. McLain, chair- 
man; Adams, Burgum, Moore, Rice, Schlenker, Braaten. 

Fish and Game — Messrs. Meiklejohn, chairman; Watson, 
Casey, Sowle, Thompson, Kyle, Baeverstad, Nelson, Walter. 

Rules — Messrs. Richmond, chairman; Stevens of Burleigh, 
Rose, Scheer, Casey, Sweet, Briden, Purdon, Welo. 

Mileage and Per Diem — Messrs. Davis, Chairman, Shiels, 
Rose. 

JOINT COMMITTEES. 

Public Buildings — Messrs. Palmer, Chairman; Meidinger, 
Gibben-s, Fried, Dahl, Midgarden, Robillard, Chevalier, John- 
son of Ward. 

Charitable Institutions — Messrs. Weigel, chairman; Stavens, 
Lemieux, Spangberg, Adams, Cooper of Sargent, Thompson, 
Johnson of Richland, Heglie. 

Penal Institutions — Messrs. Streeter, chairman; Blake, Rue, 
Swendseid, Briden, Martin, Cooper of Stutsman, McClure, 
Baeverstad. 

Educational Institutions — Messrs. Rose, chairman; McCrea, 
Allen, Sweet, McLain, Wlalter, Davis, Duncan, Ryaa 

State Library — Messrs. Casey, chairman; Oveson, Vernon, 
Burtness, Jennings, Simpson, Kyle, Dahlen, Purdon. 

Joint Rules — Messrs. Stevens of Burleigh, chairman ; Brown, 
Buttz, Lyon, Allen, Welo, Treat, Tofsrud, Gannsle. 

JOINT RULES. 

1. Each house shall transmit to the other all papers on 
which any bill or resolution shall be founded. 

2. When a bill or resolution which shall have passed in 
one house is rejected in the other, notice thereof shall be 
given to the house in which the same may have passed. 



174 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

3. ' Messages from one house to the other shall be com- 
municated by the secretary of the senate and clerk of the 
house of representatives unless the house transmitting the 
message shall especially direct otherwise. 

.^4. It shall be in the power of either house to amend any 
amendment made by the other to any bill or resolution. 

5. In every case of a difference between the two houses 
upon any subject of legislation if either house shall request 
a conference and appoint a committee for that purpose, and 
the other house shall also appoint a committee, such com- 
mittee shall meet at such hour arid place as shall be agreed 
on by the chairman and state to each other, verbally or in 
writing, as either may choose, the reasons of their respective 
houses, and to confer freely thereon, and they shall be author- 
ized to report to their respective houses such modifications 
as they think advisable. 

6. It shall be in order for either house to recede from 
any subject matter of difference existing })etween the two 
houses at any time previous to a conference, whether the 
papers on which such difference has arisen are before the 
house receding formally or informally, and a majority shall 
govern except in cases where two-thirds are required by 
the constitution, and the question having been put and lost, 
shall not be again put the same day, and the consideration 
thereof in other respects shall be regulated by the rules of 
the respective houses. 

7. After each house has adhered to its disagreement and 
the bill which is the subject of difference shall be deemed 
lost, it shall not be again revived during the same session 
in either house, unless by consent of three-fourths of the 
members present of the house reviving it. 

8. The same bill shall not create, renew or continue more 
than one incorporation, nor contain any provision in rela- 
tion to the altering of more than one act of incorporation, 
nor shall the same bill appropriate public money or property 
to more than one purpo-se. Any bill appropriating moneys 
for the payment of the officers of the government shall be 
confined to that purpose exclusively. 

9. No duplicate of any bill which may have been intro- 
duced and printed by one house shall, upon introduction into 
the other house, be printed by said other house, except by a 
two-thirds vote of all the members present. 

10. No bill that shall have passed one house shall be sent 
for concurrence to the other on either of the last two days 
of the session, whenever a time shall have previously been 
fixed for the adjournment of the legislature. 

11. The committee on enrolled bills in each of the two 
houses shall act jointly in the examination of all bills and 
resolutions before their presentation to the governor, either 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 175 

as a body or by such respectiv€ sub-committees as such com- 
mittees may appoint for that purpose. 

12. Whenever both houses, by the constitutional vote, 
direct that any act or resolution shall take effect immedi- 
ately or at any time before July 1 following the session of 
tne legislature, a proviso shall be added at the enrollment 
of the same in words to this effect: "This act shall take 
effect immediately (or in days)." 

13. Every resolution by which any money or other prop- 
erty of the state shall be donated or appropriated, or by 
which any expense to the state shall be incurred, or which 
shall have an operation or effect outside of the two houses 
of the legislature, except such appropriation and expenses 
as shall be for the exclusive use, necessity or convenience 
of the legislature, shall be either a joint or concurrent reso- 
lution, and shall take the same course as a bill, and shall 
be enrolled and presented to the governor for his signature 
before the same shall take effect. 

14. Either house shall return any bill or resolution called 
for by resolution of the other house, if the bill or resolution 
is yet in possession of the house called upon, and no action 
thereon has yet been had. In case action has been had, then it 
shall require a two-thirds vote of the house asked, to return 
a bill or resolution called for. 

JOINT CONVENTION RULES. 

1. Joint conventions shall be held in the hall of the house 
of representatives, and the president of the senate shall pre- 
side. 

2. The secretary of the senate and the clerk of the house 
of representatives shall be secretaries of the joint conven- 
tion, and the proceedings of the convention shall be pub- 
lished with the journals of the house, and the final result 
as announced by the president on return of the senate to 
their chamber, shall be entered on the journal of the senate. 

3. The rules of the house of representatives, as far as 
the^ same may be applicable, shall govern the proceedings 
in joint convention. 

^ 4. Whenever a president pro tem presides he shall be en- 
titled to vote on all occasions, and in case of a tie the question 
shall be declared lost 

5. Joint conventions shall have the power to compel the 
attendance of absent members in the mode and under the 
penalties prescribed by the rules of the house to which such 



/ 

176 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

members respectively belong, and for that purpose the ser- 
geant-at-arms of each house shall attend. 

6. Joint conventions may adjourn from time to time, as 
may be found necessary ; and it shall be the duty of the house 
of representatives to prepare to receive the senate, the senate 
to proceed to the hall of the house of representatives at the 
time fixed by law or resolution, or to which the joint con- 
vention may have adjourned. 



STATE- OF NORTH DAKOTA 



177 



THE VOTE ON THE ADOPTION OF THE CONSTITU- 
TION AND PROHIBITION. 

(First State Election October 1, 1889.) 



Counties 



Barnes 

Benson .... 

Billings 

Bottineau . . 
Burleigh ... 

Cass 

Cavalier . . . . 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons . . . 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure . . . 

Logan 

McHenry . . 
Mcintosh . . 
McLean . . . . 

Mercer 

Morton .... 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina . . . 

Pierce 

Ramsey .... 
Ransom . . . . 
Richland . . . 

Rolette 

Sargent .... 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman . . . 
Towner .... 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 



Constitution 



o 



en 

e 

< 



Prohibition 



1,673 


8 


528 


45 


57 


1 


450 


116 


1,083 


2 


4,049 


31 


684 


269 


1,471 


26 


381 


13 


462 


2 


333 


4 


687 


1,930 


351 


150 


340 


3 


818 


11 


90 




257 


7 


394 




264 




84 


1 


924 


21 


127 


660 


47 


30 


1,762 


830 


221 


1 


810 


231 


1,110 


23 


1,409 


251 


435 


10 


973 


177 


610 




241 


361 


1,334 


47 


284 


93 


1,411 


462 


606 


2,248 


350 


43 


336 






O 



(A 

a 
ft 

< 



861 


745 


392 


212 


4 


53 


365 


228 


269 


799 


1,739 


2,156 


634 


439 


966 


537 


212 


158 


106 


347 


148 


i86 


1,534 


1,482 


345 


180 


186 


151 


414 


395 


26 


61 


163 


101 


166 


199 


69 


170 


22 


63 


358 


644 


540 


276 


29 


40 


1,483 


1,137 


124 


70 


591 


416 


670 


557 


1,011 


885 


112 


304 


620 


577 


171 


394 


444 


172 


509 


809 


148 


216 


1,117 


824 


1,760 


1,132 


220 


138 


124 


190 



Total I 27,441 

Majority I 19 , 334 



8,107 



18,552 
1,159 



17,393 



Blue Book— 14 



178 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



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STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



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180 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOVERNOR, 

1889 AND 1890. 





Congress 


Governor 


Congress 


Governor 




, 1889 


1889 


1890 


1890 




4 


P 


« 


Q 


« 


Q 


^ 


P 


Counties 




m 
m 




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3 
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'^ 


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n 


« 


Barnes . . . . 


1,250 


446 


1,191 


498 


976 


499 


715 


405 


Benson . . . 


475 


105 


467 


111 


428 


153 


406 


153 


Billings . . . 


45 


14 


45 


14 


17 


42 


36 


23 


Bottineau . . . 


336 


303 


335 


304 


297 


340 


358 


346 


Burleigh . . 


775 


310 


771 


322 


728 


324 


745 


288 


Xb/OOS • • • • • • 


2,842 


1,288 


2,712 


1,411 


1,783 


1,589 


2,249 


900 


Cavalier .. . 


668 


515 


647 


534 


587 


673 


439 


626 


Dickey . . 


1,088 


507 


1,087 


506 


762 


490 


761 


441 


Eddy 


240 


162 


241 


161 


236 


187 


228 


184 


Emmons . . 


392 


73 


391 


78 


334 


221 


342 


212 


Foster . . . . 


237 


126 


235 


131 


206 


139 


204 


140 


Grand Forks 


2,170 


1,026 


1,929 


1,263 


1,736 


1,334 


1,100 


1,377 


Griggs . . . . 


341 


209 


346 


205 


393 


227 


386 


212 


Kidder . 


257 


90 


259 


88 


192 


154 


244 


120 


LaMoure . . 


595 


234 


594 


235 


• 477 


338 


472 


235 


Logan . . . . 


77 


13 


77 


13 


83 


36 


97 


22 


McHenry . . 


220 


64 


219 


68 


285 


66 


140 


61 


Mcintosh . . 


375 


20 


375 


20 


393 


115 


373 


106 


McLean . . . 


222 


41 


223 


41 


167 


42 


169 


39 


Mercer . . . . 


70 


15 


70 


15 


22 


47 


22 


47 


Morton . . . 


687 


331 


680 


335 


608 


376 


600 


371 


Nelson . . . . 


665 


. 223 


628 


260 


534 


247 


412 


203 


Oliver . . . . 


28 


48 


28 


48 


16 


58 


18 


56 


Pembina . . 


i;563 


1,217 


1,553 


1,241 


1,229 


1,320 


1,000 


923 


Pierce . . . . 


172 


56 


181 


46 


160 


54 


161 


42 


Ramsey . . . 


790 


330 


779 


343 


702 


450 


704 


340 


Ransom . . . 


998 


252 


998 


261 


785 


289 


723 


237 


Richland . . 


1,194 


790 


1,199 


771 


934 


1,032 


899 


1,008 


Rolette . . . 


289 


205 


250 


238 


256 


292 


257 


265 


. Sargent . .. 


1,138 


110 


1,027 


216 


844 


320 


584 


174 


Stark 


434 


179 


432 


182 


377 


201 


357 


204 


Steele . . . . 


549 


. 92 


546 


92 


569 


76 


326 


57 


Stutsman . . 


863 


547 


818 


603 


571 


592 


576 


548 


Towner . . . 


188 


241 


184 


244 


197 


237 


207 


228 


Traill 


1,525 


470 


1,524 


469 


1,432 


516 


963 


418 


Walsh .. .. 


1,837 


1,099 


1,842 


1,100 


1,686 


1,390 


1,306 


1,293 


Ward 


292 


107 


296 


114 


187 


207 


203 


146 


Wells 


190 


148 


186 


152 


176 


157 


165 


154 


Total . . . 


26,077 


12,066 


25,365 


12,733 


21,365 


14,830 


19,053 


12,604 


Majority .. 


14,071 




12,632 




6,535 




6,449 





STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



181 



VOTF FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOVERNOR, 1892. 



Counties 



Congress 



« 



a 
o 



V..Q 



e 

V 

» 

O 






Governor 



P< 



u 
3 



4> 



O 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



Total . . 
Majority 



694 
424 
41 
166 
631 

2,118 
331 
521 
216 
278 
193 

1,579 

263 

214 

348 

88 

184 

283 

112 

36 

551 

437 

37 

1,013 
120 
461 
593 
907 
253 
511 
325 
415 
655 
155 

1,151 

1,031 

183 

169 

40 



299 

151 

13 

196 

277 

1,322 

464 

83 

146 

119 

140 

906 

73 

82 

153 

22 

76 

48 

41 

48 

377 

136 

45 

901 

42 

557 

188 

909 

194 

135 

176 

60 

461 

219 

368 

1,263 

130 
45 



659 

51 

3. 

116 
32 

298 

407 

561 
34 
11 
27 

712 

261 
69 

268 
10 
42 
71 
24 
2 
37 

426 
4 

697 
16 
65 

362 

155 
22 

392 
62 

287 
63 
17 

318 

836 
16 
22 
14 



687 
408 

50 
165 
600 
2,122 
345 
502 
204 
285 
196 
1,512 
226 
212 
324 

94 
181 
273 

70 

30 
535 
431 

35 
1,082 
120 
570 
592 
842 
294 
464 
361 
353 
623 
174 
1,002 
893 
186 
152 

42 



960 
210 

12 
310 
338 
1,654 
863 
670 
193 
124 
153 
1,676 
368 
150 
445 

26 
119 
126 
111 

56 
442 
569 

52 
1,538 

59 
503 
566 
1,175 
177 
569 
207 
411 
574 
229 
803 
2,226 
121 
171 

49 



17,727 
6,687 



11,040 I 7,468 17,236 



18,995 
1,759 



182 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOVERNOR, 1894. 



Counties 



Congress 



« 



c 
o 

c 
ja 
o 



a 
o 






O 
u 



Governor 



c 



(0 



M 



4> 

> 

p< 



p< 



a 

4> 



c 



a 
o 



4> 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McLean 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



Total . . 
Majority 



788 


853 


39 


67 


850 


217 


430 


178 


6 


4 


458 


83 


65 
343 


14 
377 






64 
408 


21 
228 


10 


13 


614 


884 


6 


21 


650 


202 


2,003 


1,277 


81 


108 


2,256 


- 758 


506 


899 


17 


25 


594 


693 


544 


633 


10 


22 


584 


107 


234 


169 


5 


15 


267 


83 


356 


206 


3 


1 


377 


198 


194 


151 


4 


9 


203 


65 


1,865 


1,003 


35 


176 


2,155 


695 


337 


302 


3 


11 


345 


44 


178 


107 


2 


3 


172 


34 


443 


345 


8 


12 


447 


194 


123 


30 


1 




110 


10 


230 


156 


9 


6 


260 


67 


422 


56 


2 


5 


440 


27 


114 


71 


1 


15 


124 


32 


106 


12 


3 


2 


111 


5 


728 


380 


3 


11 


731 


217 


634 


462 


12 


5 


645 


94 


69 


43 


1 


3 


65 


40 


1,252 


1,400 


51 


194 


1,332 


686 


180 


56 


2 


6 


216 


22 


804 


389 


24 


32 


845 


296 


665 


453 


14 


31 


745 


114 


1,243 


832 


24 


63 


1,351 


810 


307 


178 


3 


15 


328 


168 


508 


575 


10 


28 


577 


120 


525 


179 


5 


7 


534 


97 


500 


293 


4 


4 


531 


23 


490 


573 


12 


24 


614 


314 


259 


167 


10 


39 


277 


192 


1,315 


440 


41 


-.108 


1,480 


181 


1,481 


1,628 


11 


169 


1,716 


999 


349 


132 


8 


3 


845 


91 


411 


215 


9 


27 


450 


144 


50 


47 






66 


82 









21,615 
4,233 



15,660 



439 



1,283 



23,723 
6,181 



8,188 



209 

93 
2 
179 
216 
727 
367 
666 
101 

22 

91 
718 
283 
101 
238 

87 
104 

41 

67 

6 

214 

383 

16 
920 

35 
118 
887 
156 

29 
616 
131 
818 
266 

29 
296 
711 

66 
105 

12 



9,854 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



183 



VOTE FOR 


CONGRESSMAN AND GOVERNOR, 


1896. 




President 


Congress < 


Sovemor 


* 


^ 


Q » 


; c 


1 Pt! 


1 

1 


u. 


Counties 






; c 








§ 

CO 

•0 







i 1 s 


1 


1 <*> 


!3 




1^ 


Brya 
John 






Barnes 


986 


977 1 


)57 < 


»84 


981 


991 


Benson 


549 


227 1 


527 1 


281 


537 


543 


Billings 


78 


27 


79 


25 


80 


24 


Bottineau . . . 


369 


889 • 3 


578 3 


597 


376 


885 


Burleigh . . . . 


729 


338 


r09 I 


359 


763 


317 


V./0SS •••••• •• 


3,050 


2,089 2,1 


)11 2, 


191 S, 


060 


2,107 


Cavalier 


730 


1,158 ( 


567 1,: 


175 


666 


1,027 


Dickey 


619 


587 < 


>96 1 


S99 


613 


593 


Eddy 


278 


243 i 


880 J 


810 


282 


241 


Emmons 


800 


168 I 


501 


170 


316 


160 


Foster 


216 


143 i 


817 


L43 


217 


149 


Grand Forks . 


2,432 


1,893 2,] 


191 2,( 


[)15 2, 


208 


2,043 


Griggs 


318 


360 i 


517 1 


S58 


308 


857 


Kidder 


176 


104 ] 


L78 


104 


189 


90 


LaMoure . . . . 


460 


401 


467 


392 


473 


382 


Logan 


70 


25 


70 


27 


71 


22 


McHenry . . . . 


217 


166 S 


821 


L53 


222 


147 


Mcintosh . . . 


336 


66 : 


543 


61 


348 


60 


McLean 


124 


79 ] 


117 


69 


126 


68 


Mercer 


115 


28 ] 


L17 


17 


122 


11 


Morton 


752 


393 


r33 


106 


811 


364 


Nelson 


616 


603 I 


>94 ( 


328 


614 


605 


Oliver 


59 


58 


59 


58 


63 


57 


Pembina . . . . 


1,687 


1,807 1,1 


>85 1,1 


300 1, 


467 


2,048 


Pierce 


222 


75 i 


826 


64 


231 


61 


Ramsey 


869 


665 1 


324 ( 


382 


856 


633 


Ransom 


766 


579 


r62 i 


585 


768 


593 


Richland . . . . 


1,843 


1,160 1,' 


r24 1,1 


206 1, 


827 


1,118 


Rolette 


306 


331 1 


231 


432 


310 


316 


Sargent 


587 


636 i 


582 ( 


S53 


592 


644 


oictfiC •• •••••• 


530 


216 1 


522 


183 


568 


149 


Steele 


572 


322 


572 


321 


663 


335 


Stutsman . . . . 


705 


578 ( 


571 i 


583 


727 


546 


Towner 


303 


394 1 


865 


436 


324 


363 


Traill 


1,673 


674 1,( 


561 


587 1, 


629 


711 


Walsh 


1,707 


2,134 1,( 


341 2,: 


125 1, 


669 


2,153 


Ward 


299 


193 1 


863 


226 


276 


197 


Wells 


584 


317 1 


582 


304 


572 


313 


Williams . . . . 


103 


83 


93 


83 


93 


89 


Total . . . . 


26,335 


20,686 25,: 


833 21, 


172 1 25, 


918 


20,690 


Majority .. 


5,649 


4, 


061 


. . . 1 5, 


228 


1 


••"••• *y 


r 

1 



Note. — There were 358 votes cast in the state for Levering (Pro.) 
electors, and 349 votes cast for Gordon, prohibition nominee for 
congress. 



184 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOVERNOR, 1898. 



Counties 



Congress 



« 



C 



a 
t/i 



Barnes 

Benson .... 
Billings .... 
Bottineau . . 
Burleigh . . . 

Cass 

Cavalier . . . , 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons . . . 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure . . . 

Logan 

McHenry . . 
Mcintosh . . , 
McLean . . . , 
Mercer . . . . , 
Morton .... 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina . . . . 

Pierce , 

Ramsey .... 
Ransom .... 
Richland . . . 

Rolette 

Sargent .... 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman . . , 
Towner .... 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . . 



Total I 27,776 

Majority | 9,932 



b 



V 



Governor 



M 
u 
C 
ca 



1,-151 


787 


691 


304 


89 


9 


509 


472 


706 


231 


2,615 


1,396 


932 


680 


696 


623 


391 


179 


364 


228 


286 


232 


2,226 


1,438 


396 


337 


219 


61 


612 


367 


135 


16 


290 


214 


587 


35 


276 


71 


172 


26 


862 


511 


760 


644 


83 


73 


1,537 


1,077 


326 


115 


604 


774 


758 


601 


1,602 


1,337 


400 


344 


684 


485 


506 


269 


596 


231 


846 


554 


469 


281 


1,460 


425 


1,583 


1,795 


490 


223 


722 


392 


145 


107 



1,167 

732 

92 

514 

778 

2,609 
932 
713 
398 
404 
304 

1,409 
377 
229 
600 
137 
291 
585 
299 
190 
867 
730 
94 
.1,549 
328 
771 
779 

1,594 
427 
686 
547 
614 
821 
460 

1,289 

1,548 
523 
774 
147 



en 
V 

6 

35 



819 
269 
6 
482 
163 

1,463 
812 
527 
202 
195 
217 

2,563 

365 

62 

381 

16 

212 

49 

53 

9 

514 

681 

67 

1,237 
108 
550 
614 

1,361 
320 
498 
242 
252 
652 
291 
669 

1,928 
194 
371 
163 



17,844 I 27,308 I 19,496 
I 7,812 I 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



185 



VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, CONGRESSMAN AND 

GOVERNOR, 1900. 





President 


Cong 


ress 


Governor 


• 


• 


Q 


• 


Q 


« 


• 


Counties 


• 
• 




• 
• 
• 


• 
• 




'C 
C4 




V 




j3 


Si 




S 







e 




V 


4> 


ii 








(A 
U 


l4 

2 




Cii 

a 




1^ 


K 

m 


S 


A 


^ 


5 


Barnes 


1,324 


1,077 


1,285 


1,076 


1,527 


903 


Benson 


1,084 


319 


1,097 


308 


1,063 


346 


Billings 


158 


51 


152 


66 


146 


64 


Bottineau . . . . 


728 


628 


715 


630 


721 


622 


Burleigh . . . . 


679 


339 


659 


359 


662 


361 


X^uOS •••••• •• 


3,485 


1,636 


3,209 


1,968 


3,333 


1,830 


Cavalier . . . . 


1,361 


1,211 


1,342 


1,171 


1,317 


1,220 


Dickey 


763 


567 


771 


575 


739 


597 


Eddy 


455 


235 


443 


246 


444 


249 


Emmons 


433 


311 


426 


305 


415 


323 


Foster 


415 


241 


417 


251 


411 


261 


Grand Forks . 


2,003 


1,352 


2,505 


1,554 


2,481 


1,617 


Griggs 


527 


407 


493 


437 


516 


413 


Kidder 


225 


70 


226 


80 


219 


87 


LaMoure . . . . 


597 


405 


583 


432 


565 


458 


Logan 


231 


35 


231 


32 


173 


106 


McHenry . . . 


595 


222 


591 


215 


677 


237 


Mcintosh . . . . 


658 


125 


669 


110 


602 


181 


McLean 


587 


110 


581 


104 


677 


122 


Mercer 


269 


41 


262 


39 


221 


82 


Morton 


1,056 


536 


1,026 


550 


956 


626 


Nelson 


994 


576 


952 


611 


950 


618 


Oliver 


1 110 


75 


97 


79 


81 


101 


Pembina . . . . 


1 1,732 


1,321 


1,674 


1,341 


1,651 


1,369 


Pierce 


535 


276 


529 


270 


528 


276 


Ramsey 


1,147 


496 


1,133 


477 


1,105 


532 


Ransom 


1 924 


499 


899 


511 


903 


526 


Richland . . . . 


2,067 


1,399 


1,991 


1,456 


1,636 


1,864 


Rolette 


1 566 


\ 355 


571 


346 


575 


345 


Sargent 


I 765 


564 


763 


672 


731 


609 


Stark 


i 780 


426 


752 


409 


704 


485 


Steele 


1 724 


214 


715 


203 


685 


177 


Stutsman . . . . 


1,077 


711 


1,049 


709 


1,020 


759 


Towner 


1 805 


454 


786 


442 


780 


456 


Traill 


1 1,537 


409 


1,463 


468 


1,339 


594 


Walsh 


1 1,807 


1,804 


1,753 


1,803 


1,730 


1,841 


Ward 


1 880 


364 


871 


876 


847 


409 


Wells 


1 966 


388 


959 


406 


873 


516 


Williams . . . . 


1 249 


95 


247 


98 


249 


98 


Total . . . . 


1 35,898 


20,531 


1 34,887 


21,175 


34,052 


22,275 


Majority .. 


15,367 


1 


1 13,712 


1 


1 11,777 





Note. — Woolley (pro.) for president received 731 votes; Debs (soc- 
dem.) 520 and Barker (peoples) 111. For congress Mott (pro.) re- 
ceived 585; Charcot (soc.-dem.) 412 and Blair (peoples) 122. For 
governor, Carlton (pro.) received 560; Poague (soc.-dem.) 425, and 
Major (peoples) 213. 



186 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOVERNOR, 1902. 





Representatives in Congress 


Governor 




P< 


^ 


Q 


P 


C/3 


^ 


Q 


W 


Counties 








• 




I 










C 

2 


v-4 


1 


bt 


4* 




a 




C4 


a 


> 

o 

t-1 


TU 

P 


a 




2 


u 

O 


Barnes . . . . 


1,201 


1,178 


391 


434 


116 


1,868 


437 


108 


Benson . . . . 


1,263 


1,228 


879 


388 


11 


1,207 


441 


17 


Billings . . . . 


132 


138 


18 


18 


1 


182 


82 


1 


Bottineau . . . 


1,144 


1,132 


756 


780 


53 


1,115 


816 


62 


Burleigh . . . 


755 


747 


332 


340 


13 


723 


896 


6 


\w'cl9S • • • • • • ■ 


2,255 


2,376 


799 


778 


170 


1,858 


1,415 


164 


Cavalier . . . 


1,265 


1,276 


882 


885 


39 


1,297 


968 


42 


Dickey . . . . 


741 


673 


837 


376 


34 


691 


860 


88 


Eddy 


424 


414 


156 


153 


12 


415 


166 


14 


Emmons . . 


407 


411 


230 


237 


7 


411 


229 


8 


Foster 


472 


469 


258 


254 


4 


409 


839 


6 


Grand Forks 


1,897 


1,995 


907 


933 


59 


1,596 


1,688 


70 


Griggs 


443 


422 


237 


257 


21 


409 


296 


21 


Kidder . . 


254 


250 


44 


40 


1 


259 


52 


1 


LaMoure . . . 


630 


606 


269 


311 


19 


593 


322 


17 


Logan 


272 


267 


11 


11 


1 


271 


12 


1 


McHenry . . 


1,175 


1,154 


399 


897 


60 


1,169 


441 


66 


Mcintosh . . 


498 


498 


19 


19 


1 


497 


22 


1 


McLean . . . . 


658 


643 


59 


64 


8 


685 


81 


11 


Mercer . . . . 


207 


208 


2 


2 


1 


212 


4 




Morton . . . . 


941 


951 


398 


400 


15 


922 


447 


14 


Nelson 


883 


880 


404 


422 


81 


888 


488 


113 


Oliver 


97 


97 


52 


53 


1 


100 


66 




Pembina . . . 


1,586 


1,598 


924 


921 


5 


1,586 


1,014 


4 


Pierce 


578 


557 


240 


251 


21 


547 


287 


20 


Ramsey . . . . 


1,000 


995 


241 


261 


88 


975 


298 


46 


Ransom . . 


901 


882 


258 


264 


29 


858 


817 


34 


Richland . . . 


1,609 


1,612 


1,315 


1,338 


83 


1,563 


1,419 


86 


Rolette . . . . 


606 


614 


351 


355 


36 


592 


407 


36 


Sargent . , . . 


725 


693 


319 


338 


51 


690 


868 


46 


Stark 


511 


511 


231 


231 


19 


498 


271 


18 


Steele 


344 


350 


32 


42 


22 


810 


76 


25 


Stutsman . . . 


1,013 


1,006 


485 


483 


15 


971 


687 


16 


Towner . . . . 


707 


700 


379 


373 


18 


707 


426 


18 


Traill 


930 


941 


173 


196 


29 


796 


852 


88 


Walsh 


1,506 


1,498 


1,251 


1,281 


66 


1,433 


1,468 


66 


Ward . . . I . . 


1,782 


1,723 


520 


539 


58 


1,824 


607 


66 


Wells 


913 


910 


246 


261 


87 


884 


294 


80 


Williams . . . 


252 


252 


88 


89 


1 


254 


HI 


2 


Total .. 


32,986132,854 


14,392 


14,765 


1,195 


81,618 


17,676 


1,245 


Plurality 


18,594118.089 








14,087 










( 











STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



187 



OFFICIAL VOTE FOR NORTH DAKOTA. 

(Ninth General Election, November 8, 1904.) 

PRESIDENT. 



County 



Roosevelt, R 


Parker, D 


2,041 


451 


1,111 


143 


256 


87 


2,094 


753 


1,340 


237 


8,788 


609 


1,664 


771 


998 


336 


596 


162 


653 


281 


618 


223 


2,807 


828 


688 


232 


447 


53 


860 


195 


454 


31 


1,807 


556 


736 


58 


1,928 


219 


' 252 


17 


1,474 


821 


1,284 


840 


241 


46 


1,870 


743 


921 


284 


1,528 


886 


1,257 


258 


2,420 


1,116 


912 


366 


1,045 


310 


708 


231 


817 


69 


1,856 


463 


1,022 


435 


1,566 


176 


2,042 


1,113 


4,349 


914 


1,330 


209 


825 


316 


52,595 


14,273 


38,322 





Barnes 

Benson 

Billings .... 
Bottineau 
Burleigh . . . 

Cass 

Cavalier . . . 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons ... 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure . . . 

Logan 

McHenry . . . 
Mcintosh 
McLean . . . . 
Mercer .... 

Morton 

Nelson . . . . . 

Oliver 

Pembina . . . 

Bierce 

Ramsey .... 
Ransom .... 
Richland ... 

Rolette 

Sargent . . . . 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman . . . 
Towner . ."C . 

Traill , 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . . 

Total .. 
Majority 



188 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 

REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS. 





Pi$ 


PH 


Q 


O 


g 


u 


o 

u 


S 




• 
• 


• 
• 
• 


jj 


• 
• 


* 


• 


tU 


Counties 


73 

•g 

u 


a 


o 
u 

O 


5 
s 

M 

CO 

Pi 


• 

u 
u 
9 


• 
• 
• 

o 
Q 


bo 

a 

u 


• 

o 
U 






^ 


• 


Pk 


d 


b* 


• 

Q 


<i 


w 




• 


<i 


• 


• 

< 


h4 


U 


• 


pq 


Barnes . . . . 


1,658 


1,603 


827 


521 


96 


06 


49 


66 


Benson . . . . 


1,131 


1,055 


150 


160 


12 


12 


36 


86 


Billings . . . 


227 


220 


36 


34 


3 


4 


4 


3 


Bottineau . . 


1,826 


1,730 


915 


1,104 


120 


112 


36 


27 


Burleigh . . . 


1,263 


1,233 


244 


240 


19 


19 


9 


9 


Cass 


3,626 


3,497 


648 


630 


149 


141 


178 


158 


Cavalier . . . 


1,577 


1,530 


751 


741 


38 


36 


18 


12 


Dickey . . . . 


990 


922 


356 


350 


58 


57 


16 


47 


Eddy 


550 


539 


166 


166 


12 


13 


12 


11 


Emmons 


641 


633 


287 


287 


11 


11 


6 


6 


Foster . . . . 


577 


550 


243 


237 


8 


8 


6 


6 


Grand Forks 


2,614 


2,546 


940 


997 


137 


113 


60 


61 


Griggs . . . . 


565 


667 


276 


244 


36 


87 


16 


18 


Kidder . . . . 


413 


400 


65 


62 


4 


4 


6 


6 


LaMoure . . . 


796 


765 


197 


199 


43 


43 


8 


10 


Logan . . . . 


451 


449 


32 


31 


4 


4 








McHenry . . . 


1,713 


1,656 


565 


560 


53 


62 


22 


21 


Mcintosh 


741 


738 


42 


40 


2 


2 








McLean 


1,855 


1,832 


225 


222 


13 


12 


18 


17 


Mercer .... 


262 


265 


13 


14 








1 


'1 


Morton .... 


1,413 


1,389 


337 


335 


24 


22 


6 


6 


Nelson . . . . 


1,181 


1,203 


418 


378 


66 


63 


22 


25 


Oliver . . . . 


217 


210 


55 


53 


2 


2 


7 


6 


Pembina . . . 


1,762 


1,720 


785 


799 


3 


3 


48 


40 


Pierce 


862 


831 


298 


802 


31 


30 


14 


12 


Ramsey .... 


1,440 


1,406 


410 


428 


67 


56 


17 


20 


Ransom .... 


1,169 


1,158 


306 


284 


28 


29 


35 


36 


Richland . . . 


2,195 


2,177 


1,184 


1,153 


61 


60 


28 


28 


Rolette .... 


817 


797 


407 


420 


71 


67 


11 


12 


Sargent .... 


1,001 


997 


361 


350 


68 


77 


13 


12 


Stark 


641 


599 


215 


209 


24 


25 


1 


2 


Steele 


767 


755 


91 


76 


23 


26 


27 


25 


Stutsman . . . 


1,734 


1,651 


498 


500 


22 


21 


S6 


26 


Towner .... 


946 


912 


441 


448 


45 


47 


12 


11 


Traill 


1,458 


1,406 


194 


198 


54 


64 


83 


82 


Walsh 


1,877 


1,831 


1,141 


1,152 


84 


83 


28 


80 


Ward 


4,096 


3,860 


975 


950 


199 


195 


76 


71 


Wells 


1,282 


1,263 


222 


217 


61 


61 


24 


24 


Williams . . . 


777 


763 


311 


807 


9 


10 


11 


11 


Totals . . . 


49,111 


47,648 


15,622 


15,398 


1,734 


1,697 


967 


971 


Plurality . 


33,489 


32,250 















Scattering — Benson, 2; Cass, 11; Griggs, 1; Kidder, 1; Morton, 
1; Pierce, 1; Ransom, 1; Sargent, 1; Walsh, 1. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



189 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 
JUDGES SUPREME COURT. 



Counties 




Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey • 

Eddy ' , I 

Pmmons 
oster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce ^ 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark .• 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner , 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 

Total 



1.893 

1,076 

226 

1,8S9 

1,260 

S,693 

1,602 

961 

555 

639 

586 

2,761 

594 

407 

804 

454 

1,709 

747 

1,848 

262 

1,416 

1,201 

221 

1,865 

867 

1,482 

1,186 

2,242 

858 

1,020 

643 

767 

1,738 

1,049 

1,495 

1,902 

4,121 

1,302 

773 




1*760 

1,090 

215 

1,914 

1,248 

3,731 

1,647 

954 

554 

641 

576 

2,744 

601 

411 

791 

447 

1,699 

747 

1,863 

257 

1,406 

1,225 

212 

1,865 

850 

1,495 

1,202 

2,254 

871 

1,022 

618 

783 

1,704 

959 

1,521 

1,931 

4,037 

1.321 

778 



49,824 



Scattering — Benson, 1; Nelson, 1; Pierce, 1; Ward, 4. 



192 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 



Counties 



State Treasurer 



Pi 



c 

o 

CO 

V 



Superintendent of 
Public Instruction 



o 


g 


2 


Pi 


o 




t/3 


P4 


9>4 


• 
• 




C 


• 

bo 






o 
U 


c 
.c 
o 
•— > 

u 


> 

u 


• 


to 


PQ 


o 
> 


• 


^ 


• 


oi 


Pt 


&; 


^ 


• 



u 

o 

to 



bo 
c 



U 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau 

Burleigh 

Casa 

Cavalier 

Dickey , . 

Eddy 

Emmons • 

Foster 

Grand Forks ..-,.. 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette •. 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward . : 

Wells 

Williams 

Totals 

Plurality 



1,799 


600 


114 


59 


1,069 


155 


11 


38 


226 


34 


4 


3 


1,885 


877 


129 


42 


1,252 


229 


21 


9 


3,625 


623 


145 


152 


1,559 


755 


36 


10 


947 


361 


57 


23 


543 


172 


11 


14 


635 


318 


12 


5 


575 


245 


9 


4 


2,654 


915 


122 


50 


581 


249 


28 


80 


406 


63 


14 


4 


783 


202 


59 


1:0 


449 


35 


4 





1,689 


600 


63 


26 


723 


45 


1 





1,857 


229 


11 


17 


263 


13 





1 


1,406 


337 


24 


4 


1,197 


383 


73 


22 


217 


52 


2 


8 


1,745 


795 


3 


41 


849 


309 


33 


14 


1,479 


392 


58 


15 


1,164 


288 


30 


32 


2,180 


1,187 


51 


32 


830 


892 


75 


11 


950 


407 


72 


14 


624 


211 


27 


1 


777 


67 


28 


29 


1,704 


505 


21 


23 


954 


442 


43 


9 


1,444 


209 


52 


87 


1,886 


1,128 


90 


31 


3,976 


1,120 


200 


75 


1,290 


208 


63 


32 


783 


318 


9 


9 



1,801 

1,079 

228 

2,237 

1,428 

8,763 

2,078 

1,220 

652 

705 

695 

2,692: 

768 

614 

959 

454 

1,742 

725 

2.097 

2<3 

1;402 

1,339 

252 

3,209 

950 

1,796 

1,550 

2,679 

840 

949 

804 

789 

1,845 

965 

1,638 

2,092 

4,427 

1,314 

920 



535 
155 

88 
1,010 
853 
633 
966 
475 
178 
302 
279 
835 
286 

69 
- 328 

84 
697 

64 
284 

14 
848 
386 

67 
931 
821 
446 
368 
1,492 
394 
371 
263 

69 
726 
444 
177 
1,038 
1,056 
218 
843 



48,975 
33,504 



15,471 



1,805 



1,036 



55,660 
37,938 



16,722 



121 
10 

7 
138 
52 
177 
42 
86 
15 
14 

9 

120 

49 

6 
68 

4 
71 

2 
18 

2 
26 
83 

7 

5 
83 
69 
31 
66 
70 
83 
37 
33 
21 
42 
61 
84 
217 
63 
16 



2,048 



Scattering — For state treasurer, Barnes 1. For state superintend* 
ent, Griggs, 1; LaMoure, 1; Ramsey, 1; Traill, 1. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



193 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 



Counties 



Attorney General 



Commissioner of 
Agriculture 



u 
u 



52; 






S 

u 

u 

> 



u 

o 

cn 



s 



< 



Pi 

o 



"a 

.d 



.0 
o 

Pi: 



u 

o 

w 

d 
o 

I? 

55 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billing^ 

Bottineau .... 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

£ddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks . 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure .... 

Logan 

McHenry .... 
Mcintosh .... 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom | 

Richland | 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman .... 
Towner ....... 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



1,819 

1,048 

224 

1,787 

1,245 

3,640 

1,544 

934 

548 

635 

570 

2,615 

548 

401 

783 

451 

1,684 

720 

1,850 

257 

1,390 

1,161 

222 

1,761 

836 

1,369 

1,163 

2,176 

783 

974 

623 

760 

1,706 

926 

1,469 

1,868 

4,047 

1,272 

784 



667 


101 


1,805 


181 


12 


1,065 


32 


3 


221 


999 


130 


1,861 


227 


19 


1,251 


636 


155 


3,639 


767 


34 


1,666 


858 


65 


939 


171 


11 


543 


285 


10 


629 


253 


9 


569 


956 


128 


2,668 


302 


28 


582 


76 


4 


404 


211 


46 


782 


32 


4 


451 


608 


66 


1,704 


56 


2 


721 


228 


17 


1,849 


14 





257 


841 


25 


1,384 


453 


61 


1,183 


54 


2 


220 


780 


2 


1,763 


321 


30 


847 


514 


53 


1,459 J 



296 

1,201 

446 

383 

204 

84 

501 

477 

214 

1,169 

962 

228 

315 



26 
49 
72 
66 
25 
80 
22 
42 
53 
86 
281 
63 
11 



1,164 

2,175 

820 

993 

617 

778 

1,700 

941 

1,487 

1,885 

4,095 

1,262 

784 



698 
156 

36 
903 
228 
627 
740 
366 
168 
289 
261 
893 
252 

70 
209 

31 
588 

56 
224 

14 
366 
392 

57 
786 
304 
899 
285 I 
1,197 
899 
364 
218 

69 
606 
456 
181 
1,136 
975 
243 
813 



Totals . 

Plurality 



48,513 
32,611 



15,902 



1,843 



49,053 
33,814 



15,239 



111 
16 

4 
127 
18 
168 
38 
80 
13 
11 

9 

122 

34 

4 
49 

4 
«7 

2 
17 


25 
80 

2 

2 
31 
59 
27 
65 
75 
69 
21 
27 
23 
42 
63 
92 
215 
62 

9 



1,866 



Scattering — For attorney general, McHenry, 1. 
Blue Book- 15 



184 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOVERNOR, 1898. 



Counties 



Congress 



P< 






fe 






Governor 



P4 



it 

M 
u 

C 
cs 

la 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billings .... 
Bottineau . . 
Burleigh . . . 

Cass 

Cavalier . . . . 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons . . . 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure . . . 

Logan 

McHenry . . 
Mcintosh . . , 
McLean . . . , 
Mercer . . . . , 
Morton .... 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina ... 

Pierce 

Ramsey .... 
Ransom .... 
Richland . . . 

Rolette 

Sargent .... 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman . . 
Towner .... 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . . 



1,-151 

691 

89 

509 

706 

2,615 
932 
696 
391 
364 
286 

2,226 
396 
219 
612 
135 
290 
587 
276 
172 
862 
760 
83 I 

1,537 I 
326 I 
604 
758 I 

1,602 I 
400 I 
684 I 
506 
596 
846 
469 

1,460 

1,583 
490 
722 
145 



787 

304 

9 

472 

231 

1,396 

680 

523 

179 ) 

228 

232 

1,438 

337 

61 

367 

16 

214 

35 

71 

26 

511 

644 

73 

1,077 

115 

774 

601 

1,337 

344 

485 

269 

231 

554 

281 

425 

1,795 

223 

392 

107 



1,167 

732 

92 

514 

778 

2,609 
932 
713 
398 
404 
304 

1,409 
377 
229 
600 
137 
291 
585 
299 
190 
867 
730 
94 

1,549 
328 
771 
779 

1,594 
427 
686 
547 
614 
821 
460 

1,289 

1,548 
523 
774 
147 



Total . . 
Majority 



27,776 
9,932 



17,844 



27,308 
7,812 



0) 

it 

B 
"o 



819 
269 
6 
482 
163 

1,463 
812 
527 
202 
195 
217 

2,563 

365 

62 

381 

16 

212 

49 

52 

9 

514 

681 

67 

1,237 
108 
550 
614 

1,351 
320 
498 
242 
252 
652 
291 
659 

1,928 
194 
371 
163 



19,496 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



185 



VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, CONGRESSMAN AND 

GOVERNOR, 1900. 





President 


Cong 


ress 


Governor 


• 


• 


Q 


• 


Q 


P< 


• 


Counties 


• 




• 
• 


• 
• 
• 






. 


V 




-- 


A 




a 




"d 


c 






v 






S 
u 


CS 


CO 


u 

2 




a 




s 


pq 


"^ 


s 


^ 


^ 


Barnes 


1,324 


1,077 


1,285 


1,076 


1,527 


903 


Benson 


1,084 


319 


1,097 


308 


1,063 


346 


Billings 


158 


51 


152 


56 


146 


64 


Bottineau . . . . 


728 


628 


715 


630 


721 


622 


Burleigh . . . . 


679 


339 


659 


359 


662 


361 


V.^'oSS ••••■• •• 


3,485 


1,636 


3,209 


1,968 


3,333 


1,830 


Cavalier . . . . 


1,361 


1,211 


1,342 


1,171 


1,317 


1,220 


Dickey 


763 


567 


771 


575 


739 


597 


Eddy 


455 


235 


443 


246 


444 


249 


Emmons . . 


433 


311 


426 


305 


415 


323 


Foster 


415 


241 


417 


251 


411 


261 


Grand Forks . 


2,603 


1,352 


2,505 


1,554 


2,481 


1,617 


Griggs 


527 


407 


493 


437 


516 


413 


Kidder 


225 


70 


226 


80 


219 


87 


LaMoure . . . . 


597 


405 


583 


432 


565 


458 


Logan 

McHenry . . . 


231 


35 


231 


32 


173 


106 


595 


222 


591 


215 


577 


237 


Mcintosh . . . . 


658 


125 


669 


110 


602 


181 


McLean 


587 


110 


581 


104 


577 


122 


Mercer 


269 


41 


262 


39 


221 


82 


Morton 


1,056 


536 


1,026 


550 


956 


626 


Nelson 


994 


576 


952 


611 


950 


613 


Oliver 


110 


75 


97 


79 


81 


101 


Pembina . . 


1,732 


1,321 


1,674 


1,341 


1,651 


1,369 


Pierce 


535 


276 


529 


270 


528 


276 


Ramsey 


1,14^ 


496 


1,133 


477 


1,105 


532 


Ransom 


924 


499 


899 


511 


903 


526 


Richland . . . . 


2,067 


1,399 


1,991 


1,456 


1,636 


1,864 


Rolette 


566 


355 


571 


346 


575 


345 


Sargent 


765 


564 


763 


672 


.731 


609 


Stark 


780 


426 


752 


409 


704 


485 


Steele 


724 


214 


715 


203 


685 


177 


Stutsman . . . . 


1,077 


711 


1,049 


709 


1,020 


759 


Towner 


805 


454 


786 


442 


780 


456 


Traill 


1,537 


409 


1,463 


468 


1,339 


594 


Walsh 


1,807 


1,804 


1,753 


1,803 


1,730 


1,841 


Ward 


880 


364 


871 


376 


847 


409 


Wells 


966 


388 


959 


406 


873 


516 


Williams . . . . 


1 249 


95 


247 


98 


249 


98 


Total . . . . 


35,898 


20,531 


1 34,887 


21,175 


34,052 


22,275 


Majority .. 


15,367 


1 


1 13,712 


1 


11,777 





Note. — Woolley (pro.) for president received 731 votes; Debs (soc- 
dem.) 520 and Barker (peoples) 111. For congress Mott (pro.) re- 
ceived 585; Charcot (soc-dem.) 412 and Blair (peoples) 122. For 
srovernor, Carhon (pro.) received 560; Poague (soc-dem.) 425, and 
Major (peoples) 213. 



186 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOVERNOR, 1902. 



Counties 



Representatives in Congress 


Governor 


« 


P< 


P 


1 P 


1 


C/} « 

• 
* • 

• 


Q 




t» 














€9 

M 


^C 

•o 


*I 


•o 


_ • 


a 
a 




cd 

a 

Vi 


> 

c 

■ 


1 ;: 


1 
) 


C 


i i 


B 



Cfl 



a 

Cd 

u 

o 



Barnes . . 
Benson . . 
Billings . . . 
Bottineau . . 
Burleigh . . 

v^'ClSS • • • • • < 

Cavalier . . 
Dickey . . . 

Eddy 

Emmons . . 
Foster . . . , 
Grand Forks 
Griggs . . . . 
Kidder . . 
LaMoure . . 
Logan . . 
McHenry . 
Mcintosh . 
McLean . . . 
Mercer . . , 
Morton . . . 
Nelson . . . . 
Oliver . . . . 
Pembina . . 
Pierce 
Ramsey 
Ransom 
Richland 
Rolette , 
Sargent 
Stark . . 
Steele . . 
Stutsman 
Towner 
Traill .. 
Walsh . 
Ward .. 
Wells 
Williams 



• • • • 



• • • • 



1,201 

1,263 
132 

1,144 
766 

2,266 

1,265 
741 
424 
407 
472 

1,897 
443 
254 
630 
272 

1,175 
498 
658 
207 
941 
883 
97 

1,586 
578 

1,000 
901 

1,609 
606 
725 
511 
344 

1,013 
707 
930 

1,506 

1,782 
913 
252 



1,178 


391 


434 


116 


1,868 


487 


1,228 


379 


388 


11 


1,207 


441 


138 


18 


18 


1 


132 


32 


1,132 


756 


780 


53 


1,115 


816 


747 


332 


340 


13 


723 


896 


2,375 


799 


778 


170 


1,868 


1,416 


1,276 


882 


885 


39 


1,297 


968 


673 


337 


876 


34 


691 


860 


414 


156 


153 


12 


415 


166 


411 


230 


237 


7 


411 


229 


469 


258 


254 


4 


409 


889 


1,995 


907 


933 


59 


1,596 


1,538 


422 


237 


257 


21 


409 


296 


250 


44 


40 


1 


259 


62 


606 


269 


311 


19 


693 


822 


267 


11 


11 


1 


271 


12 


1,154 


399 


897 


60 


1,169 


441 


498 


19 


19 


1 


497 


22 


643 


59 


64 


8 


635 


81 


208 


2 


2 


1 


212 


4 


951 


398 


400 


15 


922 


447 


880 


404 


422 


81 


838 


488 


97 


52 


53 


1 


100 


66 


1,598 


924 


921 


5 


1,585 


1,014 


557 


240 


251 


21 


647 


287 


995 


241 


261 


38 


976 


293 


882 


258 


264 


29 


858 


817 


1,612 


1,315 


1,338 


33 


1,563 


1,419 


614 


351 


355 


36 


692 


407 


693 


319 


338 


61 


690 


868 


511 


231 


231 


19 


498 


271 


350 


32 


42 


22 


810 


76 


1,006 


485 


483 


15 


971 


687 


700 


379 


873 


18 


707 


426 


941 


173 


196 


29 


796 


862 


1,498 


1,261 


1,281 


65 


1,433 


1,468 


1,723 


520 


539 


58 


1,824 


607 


910 


246 


261 


87 


884 


294 


252 


88 


89 


1 


264 


111 



108 
17 

1 
62 

6 

164 

42 

38 

14 

8 

6 
70 
21 

1 
17 

1 
66 

1 
11 

14 
118 

4 

20 
46 
84 
86 
85 
46 
18 
25 
16 
18 
88 
66 
66 
80 
2 



Total .. 
Plurality 



82,986[32,854[14,392[14,765[ 1,196 
18,694118,089 



81,618 
14,087 



17,676 



1,245 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



187 



OFFICIAL VOTE FOR NORTH DAKOTA. 

(Ninth General Election, November 8, 1904.) 

PRESIDENT. 



County 



Roosevelt, R 


Parker, D 


2,041 


451 


1,111 


143 


266 


87 


2,094 


758 


1,340 


237 


8,788 


609 


1,664 


771 


998 


336 


596 


162 


653 


281 


618 


228 


2,807 


828 


688 


232 


447 


53 


860 


195 


454 


31 


1,807 


656 


736 


58 


1,928 


219 


252 


17 


1,474 


321 


1,284 


340 


241 


46 


1,870 


743 


921 


284 


1,623 


386 


1,267 


253 


2,420 


1,116 


912 


366 


1,045 


810 


703 


231 


817 


69 


1,856 


453 


1,022 


435 


1,666 


176 


2,042 


1,113 


4,349 


914 


1,330 


209 


825 


316 


52,695 


14,273 


38,322 





Barnes 

Benson 

Billings .... 
Bottineau . . 
Burleigh . . . 

Cass 

Cavalier . . . 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons ... 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure . . . 

Logan 

McHenry . . . 
Mcintosh . . 
McLean . . . . 
Mercer .... 

Morton 

Nelson . . . . . 

Oliver 

Pembina . . . 

Eierce 

Ramsey .... 
Ransom .... 
Richland ... 

Rolette 

Sargent . . . . 

Stark 

Steele ...... 

Stutsman . . . 
Towner ..^. 

Traill , 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . . 

Total . . 
Majority 



188 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 

REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS. 





OiS 


Pi 


Q 


Q 


8 





u 


S 




• 
• 


• 
• 




• 
• 


CO 


(U 


(U 




"rt 


• 

c« 


i 


• 
• 


• 
• 


? 


• 


S 


Counties 


J3 

OB 
Wi 


C 

§ 


9 


u 
u 
9 


• 


u 


1 






CO 


u 

o 


w 

Pi 


n 



Q 


w 


w 


H 




fa 


• 


P^ 


d 


fa 


• 


<i 


w 




• 


^ 


• 


< ' 


>^ 


M 


• 


m 


Barnes . . . . 


1,658 


1,603 


827 


621 


96 


96 


49 


66 


Benson . . . . 


1,131 


1,055 


150 


160 


12 


12 


36 


86 


Billings . . . 


227 


220 


36 


84 


3 


4 


4 


3 


Bottineau . . 


1,826 


1,730 


915 


1,104 


120 


112 


86 


27 


Burleigh . . . 


1,263 


1,233 


244 


240 


19 


19 


9 


9 


V^'ASS • • • • • • 


3,626 


3,497 


648 


630 


149 


141 


178 


158 


Cavalier . . . 


1,577 


1,530 


751 


741 


38 


36 


18 


12 


Dfckey . . . . 


990 


922 


356 


350 


53 


57 


16 


47 


Eddy 


550 


639 


166 


166 


12 


13 


12 


11 


Emmons . . . 


641 


633 


287 


287 


11 


11 


6 


6 


Foster . . . . 


577 


650 


243 


237 


8 


8 


6 


6 


Grand Forks 


2,614 


2,546 


940 


997 


137 


113 


60 


51 


Griggs . . . . 


565 


667 


276 


244 


35 


87 


16 


18 


Kidder . . . . 


413 


400 


65 


62 


4 


4 


6 


6 


LaMoure . . . 


796 


765 


197 


199 


43 


43 


8 


10 


Logan . . . . 


451 


449 


32 


31 


4 


4 








McHenry . . . 


1,713 


1,656 


566 


560 


53 


52 


22 


21 


Mcintosh . . . 


741 


738 


42 


40 


2 


2 








McLean — . 


1,855 


1,832 


225 


222 


13 


12 


18 


17 


'M'ercer .... 


262 


265 


13 


14 








1 


- • '1 


Morton .... 


1,413 


1,389 


337 


335 


24 


22 


6 


6 


Nelson . . . . 


1,181 


1,203 


413 


378 


66 


63 


22 


25 


Oliver . . . . 


217 


210 


55 


53 


2 


2 


7 


6 


Pembina . . . 


1,762 


1,720 


785 


799 


3 


3 


43 


40 


Pierce 


862 


831 


298 


302 


81 


80 


14 


12 


Ramsey 


1,440 


1,406 


410 


428 


67 


56 


17 


20 


Ransom .... 


1,169 


1,158 


306 


284 


28 


29 


35 


36 


Richland . . . 


2,195 


2,177 


1,184 


1,153 


61 


50 


28 


28 


Rolette .... 


817 


797 


407 


420 


71 


67 


11 


12 


Sargent .... 


1,001 


997 


361 


350 


68 


77 


13 


12 


Stark 


641 


599 


215 


209 


24 


25 


1 


2 


Steele 


767 


755 


91 


76 


23 


26 


27 


25 


Stutsman . . . 


1,734 


1,651 


498 


600 


22 


21 


f6 


26 


Towner .... 


946 


912 


441 


448 


45 


47 


12 


11 


Traill 


1,458 


1,406 


194 


198 


54 


64 


83 


82 


Walsh 


1,877 


1,831 


1,141 


1,152 


84 


88 


28 


80 


Ward 


4,096 


3,860 


975 


950 


199 


195 


76 


71 


Wells 


1,282 


1,263 


222 


217 


61 


61 


24 


24 


Williams . . . 


777 


753 


311 


307 


9 


10 


11 


11 


Totals . . . 


49,111 


47,648 


15,622 


15,398 


1,734 


1,697 


967 


971 


Plurality . 


33,489 


32,250 















Scattering — Benson, 2; Cass, 11; Griggs, 1; Kidder, 1; Morton, 
1; Pierce, 1; Ransom, 1; Sargent, 1; Walsh, 1. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



189 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 
JUDGES SUPREME COURT. 



Counties 




Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau » 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy ' , 

Emmons 

Foster ^ 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce ^ 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent , 

Stark • 

Steele 

Stutsman , 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 

Total 



1,893 

1,076 

226 

1,889 

1,260 

8,693 

1,602 

961 

556 

639 

586 

2,761 

594 

407 

804 

454 

1,709 

747 

1,848 

262 

1,415 

1,201 

221 

1,865 

867 

1,482 

1,186 

2,242 

858 

1,020 

643 

767 

1,738 

1,049 

1,495 

1,902 

4,121 

1,302 

773 




1,750 

1,090 

215 

1,914 

1,248 

3,731 

1,547 

954 

554 

641 

576 

2,744 

601 

411 

791 

447 

1,699 

747 

1,853 

257 

1,406 

1,225 

212 

1,865 

850 

1,495 

1,202 

2,254 

871 

1,022 

618 

783 

1,704 

959 

1,521 

1,931 

4,037 

1.321 

778 



49,824 



Scattering — Benson, 1; Nelson, 1; Pierce, 1; Ward, 4. 



190 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 





Governor 


Lieutenant 


Governor 




• 


• 
• 
• 


■ ■ 1 

tn 


1 

• 


• 
• 


• 
• 


1 

• 


J, 

• 


Counties 




& 




u 




• 

V 


• 


• 

u 




"5 

en 




< 


1 


1 


1 






>i 


u: 


mm 

< 


» 


T3 

> 


ai 


• 


• 

< 


• 


u 


• 

1^ 


w 


Q 


d 


» 


(xi 


Barnes 


1,801 


622 


100 


78 


1,812 


541 


110 


76 


Benson .... 


1,017 


191 


12 


50 


1,068 


165 


10 


43 


Billings . . . . 


231 


84 


5 


8 


228 


88 


6 


8 


Bottineau . . 


1,799 


987 


128 


43 


1,867 


902 


129 


89 


Burleigh . . . 


1,255 


245 


22 


8 


1,248 


241 


21 


8 


Cass 


3,600 


648 


143 


249 


8,637 


612 


148 


178 


Cavalier . . . . 


1,499 


819 


86 


12 


1,537 


768 


86 


12 


Dickey 


948 


370 


61 


23 


944 


866 


62 


24 


Eddy 


542 


167 


13 


17 


561 


164 


18 


18 


Emmons * . . 


638 


286 


10 


7 


638 


288 


11 


4 


Foster . . . . 


559 


265 


8 


4 


670 


248 


9 


4 


Grand Forks 


2,503 


1,131 


117 


66 


2,646 


932 


117 


68 


GrisTRS 


533 


277 


30 


108 


698 


256 


26 


78 


Kidder .... 


898 


79 


3 


5 


407 


76 


2 


6 


LaMoure . . . 


775 


206 


45 


11 


789 


209 


44 


10 


Loiiran . . 


458 


81 


4 





451 


33 


4 





McHenrv 
Mcintosh 


1,697 


604 


67 


28 


1,702 


680 


66 


24 


736 


43 


2 





736 


42 


2 





McLean . . . 


1,856 


240 


15 


17 


1,855 


226 


13 


17 


Mercer .... 


261 


11 





1 


263 


14 





1 


Morton 


1,406 


846 


23 


4 


1,405 


842 


24 


4 


Nelson 


1,151 


485 


68 


87 


1,195 


889 


78 


24 


Oliver 


217 


59 


2 


8 


216 


67 


2 


8 


Pembina . . . 


1,774 


787 


8 


41 


1,752 


761 


8 


54 


Pierce . . . . 


8<4 


818 


34 


19 


867 


299 


83 


18 


Ramsey . . . 


1,429 


458 


59 


24 


1,471 


886 


66 


17 


Ransom .... 


1,139 


821 


26 


89 


1,153 


299 


29 


85 


Richland . . . 


2,132 


1,228 


49 


42 


2,178 


1,183 


68 


86 


Rolette .. .. 


813 


415 


74 


18 


817 


398 


71 


18 


Sargent .... 


1,002 


890 


70 


13 


978 


878 


68 


17 


Stark 


660 


217 


26 


8 


640 


811 


26 


1 


Steele 


631 


205 


19 


56 


768 


83 


27 


84 


Stutsman . . . 


1,715 


515 


23 


27 


1,720 


497 


22 


25 


Towner .... 


945 


463 


60 


10 


967 


458 


46 


10 


Traill 


1,107 


579 


47 


148 


1,420 


228 


62 


90 


Walsh .. .. 


1,867 


1,184 


79 


40 


1,876 


1,184 


90 


85 


Ward 


4,053 


1,020 


216 


88 


4,076 


956 


210 


76 


Wells .. .. 


1,274 


230 


68 


87 


1,280 


212 


66 


88 


Williams . . . 


781 


818 


8 


14 


772 


299 


9 


10 


Totals .. 


48,026 


16,744 


1,760 


1,888 


48,942 


15,791 


1,782 


1,128 


Plurality 


.31,282 








33,151 

















Scattering — For governor, Barnes, 1; Pierce, 1. For lieutenant 
governor. Pierce, 26. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



191 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 



Counties 



Secretary of State 









Barnes . 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau 

Burleigh 

Cass .... 

Cavalier 

Dickey . 

Eddy . . 

Emmons 

Foster . 

Grand Forks 

Griggs . 

Kidder . 

LaMoure 

Logan . 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McLean 

Mercer . 

Morton 

Nelson . 

Oliver . . 

Pembina 

Picrca 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Sterk . . 

Steele . 

Stutsman 

To^mer 

Traill . . 

Walsh . 

Ward . . 

Wells .. 

Williams 



Totals. . 
Plurality 



1,831 

1,072 

835 

1,915 

1,241 

3,629 

1,555 

946 

662 

683 

597 

2,651 

682 

407 

797 

451 

1,698 

731 

1,859 

264 

1,401 

1,194 

215 

1,717 

860 

1,452 

1,172 

2,182 

829 

998 

621 

769 

1,718 

958 

1,481 

1,871 

4,104 

1,291 

786 



14 



682 
189 

80 
891 
242 
587 
733 
857 
167 
284 
241 
924 
240 

72 
204 

31 
671 

46 
210 

13 
345 
876 

53 
829 
269 
395 
243 
1,180 
390 
354 
213 

69 
601 
449 
171 
1,147 
930 
183 
806 



^ 



cd 



u 



109 
11 

3 
126 
20 
142 
37 
61 
11 
11 

8 

118 

82 

4 
44 

4 
62 

1 
18 


23 
68 

2 

3 
80 
58 
29 
53 
73 
69 
25 
23 
23 
38 
51 
82 
197 
61 

9 



2 



in 



State Auditor 



t 
6 
*o 



o 

t 

u 

n 



pq 



69 
45 

3 
41 

9 
170 

9 
23 
13 

6 

4 
53 
83 

6 
10 

2 
25 


16 

1 

3 
27 

8 
87 
IS 
25 
83 
33 
13 
13 

3 
84 
24 

9 
82 
31 
81 
37 
10 



1,878 


508 


1,074 


143 


224 


36 


1,878 


896 


1.242 


226 


8,629 


583 


1,546 


741 


949 


865 


652 


166 


637 


285 


680 


241 


2,689 


1,116 


582 


245 


409 


70 


787 


204 


468 


29 


1,709 


672 


726 


82 


1,868 


211 


264 


13 


1,400 


342 


1,198 


887 


219 


66 


1,849 


.744 


861 


296 


1,470 


389 


1,168 


261 


2,186 


1,181 


831 


392 


994 


356 


627 


210 


777 


70 


1,728 


485 


958 


430 


1,470 


174 


1,889 


1,181 


4,108 


933 


1,289 


187 


789 


306 



s 

o 
u 

e 

en 

» 

o 



49,255 
34,339 



14,916 



1,729 



1,103 



49,301 
34,298 



16,003 



108 
12 

5 
127 
20 
147 
37 
63 
14 
10 

8 

108 

82 

3 
44 

4 
67 
20 

6 


23 
71 

2 

2 
83 
67 
28 
53 
71 
69 
28 
25 
21 
43 
53 
89 
201 
60 

8 



1,766 



e 



c 
>% 

Q 

d 

o 



67 
42 

2 
87 



172 

10 

22 

14 

5 

4 
51 
79 

6 
11 

2 
25 


16 

1 

4 
24 

8 
41 
13 
16 
84 
80 
11 
13 

2 
29 
27 

9 
79 
34 
74 
39 
10 



1,071 



Scattering — State auditor, 1. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 





1 




J 

i 

s 


■r 


IX 


?s 


.".'.£!, 


Counlies 


1 

1 

J 


! 


1 




635 

'71(3 

].4(I0 
'817 

;:;;: 

1,184 

'eso 

950 

'sst 
a! 876 


87- 
TBI 

'201 


1] 

Hi 

6* 

sot 


SB 
88 

10 

5 
SO 

to 


8 


1,801 

'l28 
3,!3T 

l!07S 

■1;; 

70f 
2.893 

HI 

'tbs 

::| 

S,20( 

;.S 
2;e7e 

804 

'm5 
t,'m 


... 

1S5 

989 

SOJS 
S3fi 

■sas 

S4 

S4S 

ses 

2S3 

!:| 


lii 




10 


























Emmona 




Grand Forks 


lao 






uMo^r, ■■.'.■.■;■:::: 


BS 










































",""rd ■;.■.■.■..:::: 


81 






I?ir..v.v..:::::: 










n 


























Totals 

Plurality 


4S.S75 


15, m 


1.8«5 


1,08S 


S5,6e0 


w.Tsa 


1,048 











STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



193 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 



Counties 



Attorney General 



Commissioner of 
Agriculture 



u 



52; 



to 

e 

u 

u 

C/3 



u 

o 



4) 

s 

t/3 



3 



Pi: 

4-* 

o 



J3 

"a 

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u 

t: 

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o 

Pi: 



u 

o 

(« 

CO 

C 



55 



Barnes .... 
Benson .... 
Billings 
Bottineau . . 
Burleigh . . . 

Cass 

Cavalier . . . 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons . . . 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder .... 
LaMoure . . 

Logan 

McHenry . . 
Mcintosh 
McLean 
Mercer .... 
Morton .... 
Nelson .... 

Oliver 

Pembina . . . 

Pierce 

Ramsey . — 
Ransom . . . 
Richland . . . 

Rolette 

Sargent .... 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 
Towner .... 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . . 



Totals . 
Plurality 



1,819 

1,048 

224 

1,787 

1,245 

3,640 

1,544 

934 

548 

635 

570 

2,615 

548 

401 

783 

451 

1,684 

720 

1,850 

257 

1,390 

1,161 

222 

1,761 

836 

1,369 

1,163 

2,176 

783 

974 

623 

760 

1,706 

926 

1,469 

1,868 

4,047 

1,272 

784 



567 
181 

32 
999 
227 
636 
767 
358 
171 
285 
253 
956 
302 

76 
211 

32 
608 

56 
228 

14 
341 
453 

54 
780 
321 
514 
296 
1,201 
446 
383 
204 

84 
501 
477 
214 
1,169 
962 
228 
315 



101 
12 

3 
130 
19 
155 
34 
65 
11 
10 

9 

128 

28 

4 
46 

4 
66 

2 
17 


25 
61 

2 

2 
30 
53 
26 
49 
72 
66 
25 
30 
22 
42 
53 
86 
281 
63 
11 



1,805 

1,065 

221 

1,861 

1,251 

3,639 

1,556 

939 

543 

629 

569 

2,668 

582 

404 

782 

451 

1,704 

721 

1,849 

257 

1,384 

1,183 

220 

1,763 

847 

1,459 

1,164 

2,175 

820 

993 

617 

778 

1,700 

941 

1,487 

1,885 

4,095 

1,262 

784 



593 
156 

36 
903 
328 
637 
740 
366 
168 
2S9 
251 
893 
252 

70 
209 

31 
588 

55 
224 

14 
366 
392 

57 
786 
304 
899 
285 
1,197 
399 
364 
218 

69 
506 
456 
181 
1,136 
975 
243 
313 



48,513 
32,611 



15,902 



1,843 



49,063 
33,814 



15,239 



111 
16 

4 
127 
18 
158 
38 
80 
13 
11 

9 

122 

34 

4 
49 

4 
67 

2 
17 


25 
80 

2 

2 
31 
59 
27 
65 
75 
69 
24 
27 
23 
42 
63 
92 
215 
62 

9 



1,866 



Scattering — For attorney general, McHenry, 1, 
Blue Book- 15 



194 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote of North Dakota— Continued. 



Counties 



Commissioner of 
Insurance 



m 

u 
o 

6 

U 



o 

Q 



en 



c 



Commissioners of 
Railroads 



CO 



Pi: 



d 


• 


o 




m 


V 


c 


c 


c« 


«*>l 


•»* 


c« 


■li 


«• 


09 


ui 


i^ 




j3 


•^ 




•*4 




U 


• 


M 



Pi 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau . . . . 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks . . 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina . . 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner . . , . . . 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . . . 



Totals . 
Plurality 



1,829 

1,073 

225 

1,863 

1,251 

3,587 

1,547 

951 

545 

638 

569 

2,558 

615 

409 

780 

453 

1,709 

721 

1,855 

259 

1,389 

1,162 

219 

1,754 

859 

1,449 

1,169 

2,192 

821 

989 

617 

778 

1,718 

949 

1,489 

1,864 

4,087 

1,287 

789 



576 
156 

33 
907 
228 
635 
754 
363 
178 
285 
255 
1,105 
252 

67 
215 

33 
600 

55 
235 

14 
348 
398 

56 
800 
299 
410 
295 
1,191 
394 
374 
213 

71 
513 
447 
194 
1,180 
984 
214 
306 



106 

10 

4 

126 

20 

154 

36 

63 

11 

10 

8 

105 

28 

2 

44 

4 

66 

2 

14 



25 

79 

2 

4 

33 

55 

26 

54 

73 

69 

24 

28 

23 

45 

59 

88 

198 

63 

10 



1,745 

1,048 

208 

1,767 

1,196 

3,548 

1,487 

916 

517 

622 

541 

2,545 

553 

386 

769 

448 

1,634 

720 

1,809 

254 

1,360 

1,165 

213 

1,722 

822 

1,411 

1,133 

2,119 

695 

951 

588 

752 

1,644* 

894 

1,423 

1,799 

3,910 

1,244 

751 






1,762 

1,063 

221 

1,839 

1,206 

8,596 

1,624 

936 

452 

628 

655 

2,608 

578 

896 

760 

447 

1,666 

722 

1,830 

261 

1,372 

1,176 

210 

1,727 

843 

1,445 

1,152 

2,129 

791 

980 

614 

763 

1,678 

917 

1,447 

1,868 

3,906 

1,274 

774 



1,681 

1,063 

209 

1,771 

1,183 

3,514 

1,478 

925 

489 

624 

640 

2,537 

561 

885 

754 

446 

1,630 

721 

1,809 

244 

1,352 

1,168 

206 

1,710 

812 

1,418 

1,107 

2,108 

775 

939 

689 

749 

1,634 

908 

1,423 

1,821 

3,877 

1,245 

783 



49,018 
33,380 



15,633 1,771 



45,308 
40,123 



47,972 
32,337 



47,119 
32,044 



Scattering — McHenry, 1. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



195 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 

COMMISSIONERS OF RAILROADS— Continued. 





Q 


Q 


Q 


o 


o 
o 


8 


s 


S 


s 




• 
• 


• 
• 


*v4 


C/} 


tn 


en 


• 


• 


• 


Counties 


9 

a 


e 

M 
O 


9 

O 

d 


2 

• 


Kloeppel 


u 
o 

d 


* 


• 


• 
• 
• 

m 




^ 


X 


(0 


• 

Pi 


4-» 


fa 


u 


U 


pq 




fa 


< 


o 


• 


9J 


• 

< 


• 

Pi 


• 

< 


fa* 


Barnes . 


526 


526 


513 


100 


93 


98 


47 


47 


68 


Benson . . . . 


156 


154 


153 


10 


10 


11 


32 


32 


82 


Billings. . . . 


31 


31 


32 


3 


3 


6 


3 


3 


8 


Bottineau . . 


903 


907 


879 


125 


123 


129 


86 


35 


87 


Burleigh . . . 


226 


240 


235 


19 


18 


18 


8 


7 


8 


Cass 


613 


627 


613 


145 


142 


143 


143 


138 


162 


Cavalier . . . 


747 


758 


747 


38 


34 


32 


10 


9 


8 


Dickey . . . . 


358 


366 


363 


62 


62 


61 


19 


20 


21 


Eddy . . . . 


168 


295 


178 


14 


11 


12 


8 


8 


10 


Emmons . . . 


286 


289 


287 


10 


10 


10 


4 


4 


4 


Foster . . . . 


243 


2B9 


244 


8 


9 


9 


4 


4 


4 


Grand Forks 


918 


928 


899 


116 


115 


112 


46 


45 


46 


Griggs . . . . 


244 


255 


253 


28 


26 


25 


64 


63 


63 


Kidder . . . . 


69 


72 


« 69 


5 


6 


6 


4 


5 


4 


LaMoure 


218 


214 


207 


46 


44 


48 


10 


10 


12 


Logan . . . . 
McHenry . . 


30 


32 


32 


4 


4 


3 











568 


711 


684 


62 


58 


68 


25 


25 


24 


Mcintosh . . 


57 


57 


57 


3 


2 


2 











McLean . . . 


220 


234 


222 


14 


15 


6 


16 


16 


16 


Mercer . . . . 


14 


14 


15 











1 


1 


1 


Morton . . . . 


341 


348 


347 


25 


23 


24 


5 


5 


6 


Nelson 


390 


396 


384 


68 


69 


60 


19 


19 


18 


Oliver 


54 


57 


54 


2 


2 


2 


6 


6 


6 


Pembina — 


777 


803 


777 


2 


2 


2 


33 


38 


85 


Pierce 


297 


302 


297 


81 


81 


29 


10 


10 


11 


Ramsey . . . 


386 


397 


376 


54 


54 


65 


10 


11 


12 


Ransom 


278 


296 


294 


26 


27 


20 


29 


29 


29 


Richland . . 


1,184 


1,208 


1,222 


62 


54 


62 


17 


17 


16 


Roletto 


541 


414 


396 


56 


69 


71 


8 


10 


10 


Sargent . . . 


372 


380 


393 


62 


64 


63 


7 


8 


7 


Stark .. .. 


199 


206 


200 


25 


25 


20 








1 


Steele .. .. 


69 


69 


68 


28 


25 


27 


24 


25 


26 


Stutsman . . 


497 


509 


505 


22 


21 


21 


19 


21 


21 


Towner . . . 


451 


441 


435 


44 


44 


44 


7 


7 


T 


Traill .. .. 


183 


192 


179 


52 


51 


53 


64 


66 


68 


Walsh .... 


1,128 


1,154 


1,138 


86 


86 


88 


24 


22 


ts 


Ward .. .. 


943 


980 


937 


199 


2C2 


200 


60 


61 


69 


Wells .. .. 


201 


212 


197 


61 


59 


63 


42 


29 


80 


Williams . . 


299 


302 


294 


11 


10 


9 


7 


7 


7 


Totals . 


15,185 


15,635 


16,07« 


1,716 


1,702 


1,662 


871 


858 


880 



Scattering — LaMoure, 1. 



1% 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 





Amendment to 
Section 176, 


Subdivision 8, 
Section 215, 


To Subdivision 5, 

Section 215, 
School for Deaf 


Counties 


Taxing Grain 
in Elevators 


Institution for 
Feeble Minded 




Yes 


No 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


No 


Barnes 


1,382 


1 

591 


1,504 


1 

508 


1,294 


1 

405 


Benson 


830 


230 


771 


190 


781 


138 


Billings 


214 


44 


190 


49 


175 


45 


Bottineau . . . . 


1,815 


746 


1,773 


583 


1,771 


446 


Burleigh 


705 


283 


616 


296 


580 


267 


Cass 


2,753 


1,028 


2,516 


983 


2,566 


892 


Cavalier 


1,334 


432 


1,350 


246 


1,283 


202 


Dickey 


695 


189 


673 


133 


634 


127 


Eddy 


429 


234 


392 


220 


382 


204 


Emmons 


617 


155 


489 


187 


482 


162 


Foster 


697 


197 


573 


146 


571 


114 


Grand Forks . . 


1,867 


875 


1,858 


487 


1,698 


396 


Griggs 


437 


295 


443 


229 


445 


191 


Kidder 


323 


74 


276 


92 


278 


64 


LaMoure 


680 


199 


636 


187 


626 


156 


Logan 


326 


79 


280 


62 


S04 


87 


McHenry 


1,322 


709 


1,316 


515 


1,379 


S99 


Mcintosh 


345 


75 


294 


64 


257 


67 


McLean 


1,292 


520 


1,140 


436 


1,148 


369 


Mercer 


142 


100 


133 


90 


120 


90 


Morton 


774 


480 


736 


409 


741 


308 


Nelson 


799 


356 


751 


253 


749 


188 


Oliver 


207 


66 


166 


71 


165 


62 


Pembina 


1,301 


623 


1,395 


400 


1,251 


404 


Pierce 


655 


313 


659 


217 


670 


168 


Ramsey 


1,035 


567 


994 


435 


1,060 


893 


Ransom 


838 


316 


694 


347 


689 


275 


Richland 


2,014 


958 


1,860 


790 


1,856 


712 


Rolette 


705 


277 


648 


196 


641 


60 


Sargent 


806 


328 


731 


278 


691 


250 


Stark 


581 


207 


566 


153 


635 


147 


Steele 


470 


141 


444 


114 


441 


108 


Stutsman 


1,209 


687 


1,164 


625 


1,246 


611 


Towner 


700 


378 


700 


266 


794 


188 


Traill 


1,050 


384 


918 


388 


964 


807 


Walsh 


1,674 


780 


1,873 


495 


1,655 


638 


Ward 


2,794 


1,448 


3,018 


1,132 


2,992 


945 


Wells 


991 


307 


948 


228 


985 


195 


Williams 


760 


176 


727 


115 


730 


88 


Total 


37,468 


15,707 


36,015 


12,608 


36,609 


10,578 


Majority . ! 


21,761 




23,407 




25,037 





STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 197 

VOTE BY SENATORIAL DISTRICTS 

FOR MEMBERS OF THE 

Ninth Legislative Assembly, 1904. 

FIRST DISTRICT. 
(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Pembina, consisting of townships of Walhalla, St. 
Joseph, Neche, Pembina, Bathgate, Carlisle, Joliette, Midland^ 
Lincoln and Drayton. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Judson LaMoure (rep) .... 945 George A. McCrea (rep) . . . 895 

Israel T. Chevalier (rep) . . . 779 

J. T. Briden (rep) '878 

Chas. Edwards (dem) 354 

Robert Menzies (dem) 439 

D. A. Walsh (dem) 277 

SECOND DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Pembina, consisting of townships of St. Thomas, 
city of St. Thomas, Crystal, city of Crystal, Hamilton, town of 
Hamilton, Cavalier, town of Cavalier, village of Canton, Avon, 
Liberty, Akra, Beaulieu, Thingvalla, Gardar, Park, Elora and 
Lodema. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Albert Gamett (rep) , holdover. Chris. Ganssle (rep) 876 

John E. Truemner (rep) . . 931 

Joseph Walter (rep) 857 

William Newell (dem) 521 

R. E. Anderson (dem) 410 

Paul Johnson (dem) 554 

THIRD DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Walsh, consisting of townships of Perth, Latona, 
Adams, Silvesta, Cleveland, iMorton, Vesta, Tiber, Medford, 
Vernon, Golden, Lampton, Eden, Rushford, Kensington, Dun- 
dee, Ops, Prairie Centre, Fertile, Park River, village of Edin- 
burg, vnlage of Conway, village of Hoople, village of Pisek, 
Glenwood, Kinloss, Shepherd, Sauter and the unorganized town- 
ship 157, range 59. 

SENATE. , HOUSE 

Thomas Johnson (rep) 1,151 Gunder Midgarden (rep).. 1,095 

Halvor O. Sunderland (rep) 1,019 

John A. Vernon (rep) 1,049 

John J. Doorshok (dem) . . . 523 
Henry G. Patterson (dem) . 613 

A. G. Bylin (dem) 562 

Scattering 2 

FOURTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Walsh, consisting of townships of Forest River, 
village of Forest River, Walsh Centre, Grafton, city of Grafton, 
Farmington, Ardoch, village of Ardoch, Harriston, Oakwood, 
Martin, Walshville, Pulaski, Acton, Minto, village of Minto 
and St. Andrews. 



198 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

John L. Cashel (dem) holdorer. Tallack Tallackson (rep) . . . 761 

Winthrop S. Mitchell (rep) 785 

James Scott (rep) 692 

K. O. Brotnov (dem) .... «90 

A. H. McGilvery (dem)... 667 

Tobias D. Casey (dem) 733 

FIFTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Grand Forks, consisting of townships of Gilby, 
Johnstown, Strabane, Wheatfield, Hegton, Arvilla, Avon, North- 
wood, city of Northwood, Lind, Gra^e, Larimore, city of Lari- 
more. Elm Grove, Agnes, Inkster, Elkmount, Oakwood, Niagara, 
Moraine, Logan and Loretta. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Horace F. Arnold (rep)... 641 Thos. F. Mooney (rep). .. .1,059 
Filing K. Spoonheim (dem) 819 Wm. M. Glasgow (rep). .. .1,042 

John H. McLain (rep) ... .1,072 

SIXTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

County — Part of Grand Forks, consisting: of third, fourth, fifth and 
sixth wards of the city of Grand Forks, and the townships of 
Falconer, Harvey, Turtle River, Ferry, Rye, Blooming, Mekin- 
ock, Lakeville and Levant. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Jerry D. Bacon (rep) , holdover. Hugh P. Ryan (rep) 722 

Emory O. Burtness (rep) . . 706 

SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Grand Fdrks, consisting of first and second wards 
of the city of Grand Forks, and the townships of Grand Forks, 
Brenna, Oakville, Chester, Pleasant View, Fairfield, Allendale, 
Walle, Bentru, Americus, Michigan, Union and Washington. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

John D. Taylor (rep) 1,064 Alonzo E. Allen (rep) 1,024 

Frank H. Sowle (rep) 1,021 

Christian J. Ovind (rep).. 1,008 

EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two* representatives.) 

County — Part of Traill, consisting of towri^ips of Belmont, Bux- 
ton, Caledonia, Elm River, Eldorado, Ervin, Hillsboro, city of 
Hillsboro, Kelso, Logan, Norway and city of Reynolds. 

SENATE. HOUSE. . 

P. Herbrandson (rep) , holdover. John Oveson (rep) 645 

Tobias H. Thompson (rep). 667 

A. T. Dyer (dem) 159 

H. A. Nash (dem) 203 

Scattering 1 

NINTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

Countv — Part of Cass, consisting of township of Fargo, and city 
of Fargo, and the fractional township No. 139, range 48. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 199 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Louis B. Hanna (rep) ....1,488 N. G. ?ggen (rep) 1,460 

C. H. Anhcier (dem) 228 William D. Sweet (rep) 1,465 

Tonnes Thorns (see) 99 John F. Treat (rep) 1,456 

Geo. H. Hollistcr (dem)... 283 
(ko. W. Wilkinson (dem). 227 
Lars Christenson (dem) .... 281 

S. O. Oian (soc) .... 92 

A. M. Brooks (soc) 98 

N. H. Montan (soc) 92 

TENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Cass, consisting of the townships of Noble, Wiser, 
Harwood, Reed, iSarnes, Stanley, Pleasant, Kenyon, Gardner, 
Berlin, Raymond, Mapleton, village of Mapleton, Warren, 
Norman, Bell, Harmony, Durbin, Addison, Davenport, village 
of Davenport, Casselton and the city of Casselton. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Geo. D. Brown (rep), holdover. E. F. Gilbert (rep) 1,044 

Clark Moore (rep) 1,088 

O. P. Dahlen (rep) .... 1,054 

James Bell (dem) 170 

W. S. Lindsay (dem) 3 63 

John.O. Bye (dem) 245 

ELEVENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Cass, consisting of the townships of Webster, Rush 
River, Hunter, Arthur, Amenia, Everest, Maple River, Leonard, 
Dows, Erie, Empire, Wheatland, Gill, Walburg, Watson, Page, 
Rich, Ayr, BuffalOj^ village of Buffalo, Howes, Eldrid, Highland, 
Rochester, Lake, Cornell, Tower, Hill, Clifton and Pontiac. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Frank S. Talcott (rep). ...1,091 F. H. Dickinson (rep) 1,042 

T. O. Burgum (rep) 1,073 

Richard G. Piper (rep) ... .1,062 

TWELFTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Richland, consisting of the townships of Eagle, 
Abercrombie, Dwignt, Ibsen, Center, Mooreton, Brandenburg, 
Summit, Fairmount, village of Fairmount, De Villo, La Mars, 
Waldo, oreenneld, arid city of Wahpeton. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Aslag Benson (dem), holdover. Harry J. Arnold (rep) ...1,024 

, William R. Purdon (rep).. 1,143 

C. M.- Johnson (rep) 1,111 

C. H. Woodbury (dem) ... 658 

H. J. Connolly (dem) 656 

LaFayette Parkhill (dem) . . 694 

THIRTEENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
County — Sargent. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

John H. Dyste (rep) 1,039 John Flados (rep) 900 

Kittel Halvorson (soc) .... 156 Chas. H. Cooper (rep) 893 

Austin Cryan (dem) 493 

C. H. Nygaard (dem) 482 

Lauritz Johnson (soc) 56 

Evan Fjelstad (soc) 60 



200 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



County — Ransom. 

SENATE. 



FOURTEENTH DISTRICT. 
(One senator; two representatives.) 

HOUSE. 



Ed. Pierce (rep), holdover. 



Chas. W. Buttz (rep) 995 

Fred Underwood (rep) . . . 838 

Christ A. Anderson (dem). 487 

James Sorenson (dem) 672 



FIFTEENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

County — ^Part of Barnes, consisting of Baldwin, Dazey, Pierce, Ux- 
bridge, Edna, Minnie Lake, Hobart, Potter, village of Sanborn, 
village of Wimbleaon, city of Valley City, township 143, range 

56, township 143, range 58, township 143, range 60, township 
142, range 59, township 142, range 58, township 142, range 

57, township 141, range 58, township 141, range 59, township 
141, range 60, township 141, range 61, township 140, range 
61, township 140, range 58. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 



George M. Young (rep) .... 913 
Hugh McDonald (dem) . . . 605 



Joseph R. Rogers (rep) .... 929 
Robert Clendenning (rep) . . 955 
W. N. Campbell (dem) 574 



Steele 


Griggs 


Total 


785 


669 


1,454 


807 


617 


1,424 


794 


619 


1,413 


1 


3 


4 



SIXTEENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 
Counties — Steele and Griggs. 

SENATE. 
Maynard Crane (rep), holdover. 

HOUSE. 

Nels Hemmingsen (rep 

John S. Palfrey (rep) 

G. H. Stavens (rep) 

Scattering 

SEVENTEENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
County — Nelson. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Iver Swenson (rep) 1,016 Samuel L. Dahl (rep) 1,078 

Wm. H. Hensey (dem) .... 661 A. R. Swenseid (rep) 1,115 

Robert Grant (soc) 77 Henry E. Alme (dem) 510 

Martin Lee (dem) 484 

M. Broton (soc) 59 

John Sundquist (soc) 61 

EIGHTEENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

County — Part of Cavalier, consisting of the townships of Cypress, 
Linden, Dresden, Langdon, city of Langdon, South Dresden, 
Grey, Glenila, Huron, Moscow, Berlin, Jackson, Perry, Billings* 
Storlie, Weber, Irier, Gordon, Henderson, township 159, range 
64, and> township 161, range 64. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 201 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Henry McLean (rep) , holdover. Robert Meiklejohn (rep) . . . 84S 

Dan McKechnie (rep) .... 883 

M. M. McKnight (dem)... 518 

B. H. Bjerken (dem) .... 425 

NINETEENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
County — Rolette. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Conrad I. F. Wagner (rep) . 685 Hillis Kyle (rep) 729 

A. N. Bourassa (dem) 619 D. Lemieux (rep) 760 

G. R. Pettie (soc) 68 Frank Pettier (dem) 459 

A. G. Falardeau (dem) . . . 491 

Barney Kinney (soc) 46 

Wesley Fasset (soc) 141 

TWENTIETH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 
County — Benson. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

A. J. Kirkeid^ (rep), holdover. Edward L. Richmond (rep) 1,109 

E. L. Beaverstad (rep). .. .1,119 
James Duncan (rep) .....1,123 
Scattering , . . . . 5 

TWENTY-FIRST DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 
County — Ramsey. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Andrew J. Stade (rep) 1,400 George W. H. Davis (rep). 1,361 

A. B. Kerlin (dem) 540 Harry A. Nicholson (rep). 1,477 

Scattering ; 1 Norman Nelson (rep) . . . .1 ,352 

Fred Magnus (dem) 443 

W. J. Doyle (dem) 405 

O. M. Ohnstad (dem) 577 

Scattering 1 

TWE1NTY-SECOND DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
County — Towner. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

R. W. Main (rep) , holdover. Albert S. Gibbens (rep) . . . 976 

Samuel Adams (rep) 871 

J. L. Harvey (dem) 554 

C. L. Peterson (dem) 554 

TWENTY-THIRD DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 
County — Stutsman. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

John W. Sifton (rep) ....1,794 Anton Fried (rep) 1,612 

Scattering 4 James H. Cooper (rep) . . 1 , 600 

George Piercy (rep) 1 , 546 

P. D. Walsh (dem) 612 

O. D. Weston (dem) 619 

Jacob Kiehlbauch (dem) . . 618 



202 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

TWENTY-FOURTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
County-rrLaMoure. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

J. B. Sharpe (rep), holdover. O. O. Ellison (rep) 783 

Chester H. Sheils (rep) .. 733 
A. W. Porter (dem) 367 

TWENTY-FIFTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
County — Dickey. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Truman H. Thatcher (rep) 846 (Seorge Rose (rep) 917 

Edwin N. Leiby (dem) 648 E. F. Stevens (rep) 906 

W. H. Jones (soc) 36 S. S. Porter (dem) 408 

E. E. Crisp (demy 429 

Wm. Heckelsmiller (soc) ... 59 
C. J. Applequist (soc) 65 

TWENTY-SIXTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
Counties — Emmons and Kidder. 

SENATE. 
Alex. MacDonald (rep), holdover. 

HOUSE. 



Darwin Reed Streeter (rep) 
Willaim L. Belden (rep) . . . 
F. A. Sherwood (dem) . . . 
Scattering 



Emmons 


Kidder 


Total 


534 


354 


888 


613 


452 


1,065 


438 


126 


564 
2 



TWENTY-SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
County — Burleigh. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

C. B. Little (rep) 976 R. N. Stevens (rep) ...'... 875 

G. F. Dullam (ind-dem) . . . . 611 Magnus Spangberg (rep) .. 924 

Frank Reed (ind-dem) .... 670 
L. W. Gullstrom (ind-dem) 583 
Scattering 2 

TWENTY-EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
County — Bottineau. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

D. H. McArthur (dem), holdover, George L. Lillie (rep) 1,605 

James M. Watson (rep). . .1,651 

C. D. Milloy (dem) 1,192 

Ben Swanson (dem) 1,222 

TWENTY-NINTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

Counties — ^Ward and Williams. 

SENATE. 

Ward 

H. H. Steele (rep j 3 , 532 

Peter Bertelson (dem) 1 ,791 

Scattering 2 



Williams 


Total 


754 


4,286 


842 


2,133 


2 


4 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



203 



HOUSE. 



C. A. Johnson (rep) 

Fred I. Lyons (rep) 

Frank B. Chapman (rep) 

E. Arthur vuem) 

H. A. Nelson (dem) 

Wm. Allen (dem) 

Scattering 

THIRTIETH DISTRICT. 



Ward 
3,697 
8,774 
8,657 
1,848 
1,313 
1,863 
7 



Williams 
744 
748 
758 
306 
6 
810 



Total 
4,441 
4,617 
4,415 
1,649 
1,319 
1,681 
7 



(One senator; three representatives.^ 
County — Morton. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

H. G. Voss (rep), holdorer. William Simpson (rep) . 

Philip Blank (rep) 

Chas. Weigel (rep) . . . 
Scattering 

THIRTY-FIRST DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 
Counties — Stark and Billings. 

SENATE. 

L. A, Simpson (rep) 

Scattering .- . . 

HOUSE. 



.1,440 
.1,431 

.1,441 
11 



William A. McClure (rep) . . . 

J. E. Phelan (rep) 

Alfred Lyeurgus Martin (rep) 
Scattering 



Billings 


Stark 


Total 


235 


649 


884 




30 


30 


Billings 


Stark 


Total 


227 


651 


878 


282 


642 


874 


239 


684 


873 


5 


4 


9 



THIRTY-SECOND DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

Counties — Eddy and Foster. 

SENATE. 

John D. Carrol (rep), holdover. 

HOUSE. 



Ole Rue (rep) 

George D. Palmer (rep) 
George M. Pike (dem) 
Ralph Hall (dem) 



Eddy 

345 

493 

397 

228 



Foster 
435 
603 
316 
423 



Total 
780 
996 
712 
651 



THIRTY-THIRD. DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 
County— Wells. 

SENATE. 



John Austin Regan (rep). . .1,319 
Thorstein Robbie (dem) ... 201 

Andrew Crean (soc) 63 

A. J. Sayer (pro) 80 



HOUSE. 

Charles V. Brown (rep). 
Herman C. Scheer (rep) , 
August Peterson (rep) . , 
R. R* Hughes (dem) . . . , 
Henry Rlind worth (dem) 
H. J. Hanson (dem) . . . . 
H. M. C^ffman (soc) . . . . 

S. Collins (soc) 

R. S. Wiltse (soc) 

H. F. Miller (pro) 

C. E. VanHorn (pro) . . 



..1,230 

..1,272 

..1,240 

.. 213 

.. 215 

.. 221 

69 

.. 67 

68 

34 

37 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 
THIRTY-FOURTH DISTRICT. 



Countio — McHcnry and Fierce. 




SENATE. 




R. A. Fm (rep), holdover. 




HOUSE. 




McHeorr 

Tobias Welo (rep) 1.599 

Qayton D. Rice t rep) 1,898 

OJe T. Tofsrud (rep) 1,829 






Scattering 




THIRTY-FIFTH DISTRICT. 


(One senator; Iwo rep 


esentatives.) 


Counties— McLean, Mercer and Oliver 




SENATE. 




McLean 

August. E. Jobnaor, 1,898 


Mercer 


HOUSE. 




McLean 

John Schlenker 1.8« 

bavid Juzeler 1.819 


Mercer 
267 


THIRTY-SIXTH DISTRICT. 


(One senator; two rep 


aenUtives.) 



Total 
S,ST3 

sIlAS 




Counties— Mcintosh and Logan. 

SENATE. 
Gilbert O. GulacliC rep), holdover. 

HOUSE. 

Mcintosh Logan Total 

Adam Meidmger 716 458 1,200 

Herman C H Hardt 747 485 1,182 

Scattering ... 2S 85 

THIRTY-SEVENTH DISTRICT. 
(One senator; three representatives.) 
County— Fart of Richland, consisting of tho township of Walcott, 
r^H:,, n-'c, Helendale, Shcyenne, Viking, Garborg. Free- 
:nd. Homestead, Grafton, Antelope. Danton, Gar- 
, Wyndmcre, Belford, Liberty. Brightwood. Til- 
inson, Elma. Park, village of Lidgernood, Moran 



rew O. Heglie 
les Welt fden 
r Heley (dem 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 205 

THIRTY-EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

County — Part of Barnes, consisting of the townships of Weimer, 
Noltimier, Alta, Oriska, Spring Vale, Cuba, Svea, Skandia, 
Norman, Binghampton , Raritan, Thordenskjold , Oakville, Spring 
Creek, Lincoln, Greenland, Green, Heman, township 188, range 
61, township 138, range 58, township 138, range 38, township 
139, range 61. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Hans O. Hagen (rep) , holdorer. Martin Thoreson (rep) .... 801 

CJeorge Goulette (rep) 681 

G. K. Stillings (dem) 283 

J. A. Steidl (dem) 282 

Soren Madson (soc) 60 

Scattering 1 

THlRTY-NINTH DISTRICT. 

^One senator; two representatives.) 

County — Part of Traill, consisting of the townships of Bohnsack, 
Blanchard, Bloomfield, Garfield, Galesburg, Mayville, city of 
Mayville, Morgan, Norman, Roseville, city of Portland and 
village of Hatton. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Anton T. Kraabel (rep) . . . 816 Halsten G. Braaten (rep) . . 796 

Scattering 6 George A. White (rep) ... 786 

Scattering 2 

FORTIETH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) ^ 

County — Part of Cavalier, consisting of the townships of Mt. Car- 
mel, Hope, Fremont, Olgfa, Loam, Harvey, Elasby, Alma, East 
Alma, Montrose, village of Milton and Osnabrock. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

C. W. Plain (dem), holdover. William E. Jennings ( rep).. 664 

N. Robillard (rep) 667 

R. B. Laing (dem) 431 

J. P. McGauvran (dem) . . 376 



206 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



DISTRICT JUDGES. 



Abstract of Votes Cast for District Judges in the Various 

Judicial Districts, Nov. 6, 1904. 

FIRST DISTRICT. 

Counties — Grand Forks and Nelson. 

J. H. Chas. 

Bosard. J. Fisk 

Grand Forks 1,561 2,415 

Nelson 649 1,043 

Total 2,210 8,458 

SECOND DISTRICT. 

Counties — Benson, Pierce, Ramsey, Rolette, Towner. 

JohnF. 

Cowan. 

Benson 1,151 

Pierce 915 

Ramsey 1 , 597 

Rolette 921 

Towner 1 , 049 

Total 5,633 

THIRD DISTRICT. 
Counties — Cass, Steele, Traill. 

Cbas. A. 

Pollock. 

Cass 8,829 

Steele 881 

Traill 1,611 

Total 6,271 

Scattering— Steele 1, Traill 1. 

FOURTH DISTRICT. 
Counties — Dickey, Mcintosh, Ransom, Richland, Sargent 

Frank P. W. S. 

_. , Allen. Lauder. 

li'ckey 829 671 

Mcintosh 534 280 

Ransom 1,074 466 

Richland 1,962 1,562 

Sargent 752 qqq 

Total 5,161 8,575 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 207 



JL. 



FIFTH DISTRICT. 

Counties — Barnes » Eddy» Foster, Griggs, LaMoure, Logan, Stutsman, 

Wells. 

E. T. S. L. 

Burke. Glaspell. 

Barnes 1,432 1,228 

Eddy 363 415 

Foster 382 487 

Griggs 531 481 

LaMoure 529 555 

Logan 833 155 

Stutsman 1,259 1,080 

Wells 842 741 

Total 6;661 5,092 

Scattering — Barnes 2, Logan 1, Stutsman 1. ' 

SIXTH DISTRICT. 

Counties — Billings, Burleigh, Emmons, Kidder, McLean, Mercer, 

Morton, Oliver, Stark. 

W. H. 

, Winchester 

Billings 233 

Burleigh 1,070 

Emmons 670 

Kidder 437 

McLean • 1,868 

Mercer 261 

Morton 1,465 

Oliver 243 

Stark 664 



Total 6,911 

Scattering — Billings 3, Burleigh 2, Morton 3, Stark 3. 

SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

Counties — Cavalier, Pembina, Walsh. 

W. J. J. M. 

Kneeshaw. Myers. 

Cavalier 1,691 792 

Pembina 2,099 592 

Walsh 1,261 1,992 

Total 5,051 8,376 

EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

Counties — Bottineau, McHenry, Williams, Ward. 

E. B, L. J. 

Goss. Palda, Jr. 

Bottineau 1,462 1,585 

McHcnry 1,133 1,347 

Williams 594 653 

Ward 3,363 2,088 

total 6,552 5,573 



208 



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STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



263 




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264 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



LIST OF COUNTY OFFICERS IN NORTH DAKOTA. 



Cottntj 






County Seat 



Auditor 



Barnes 

Benson 

BillinfiTS 

Bottineau 

Barleig-h 

Cass 

Caval'er 

Dickey , 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster , 

Grand Forks. 

Griffif s 

Kidder 

LaMoure , 

Lopran 

McHenry 

Mcintosh.. ... 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey , 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sarfrent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner , 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



5 
2 
6 
8 
6 
3 
7 
4 
5 
6 
5 
1 
5 
6 
5 
5 
8 
4 
6 
6 
6 
1 
6 
7 
2 
2 
4 
4 
2 
4 
6 
8 
5 
2 
3 
7 

8 
5 
8 



Valley City 

Minnewaukan , 

Medora. 

Bottineau 

Bismarck , 

Farg-o , 

Langdon 

EUendale 

New Rockf ord 

Linton 

Carriiierton , 

Grand Forks 

Cooperstown .*. 

Steele 

LaMoure 

Napoleon ^ 

Towner 

Ashley 

Washburn , 

Stanton 

Mandau 

Lakota 

Center 

Pembiua 

Rug"by , 

Devils Lake 

Lisbon 

Wahpeton...'. 

Rolla 

Forman 

Dickinson 

Sherbrooke 

Jamestown 

Cando , 

HiUsboro.. , 

Grafton 

Minot , 

Fessenden 

Williston 



T. M. Gnnderson. 
J. W. Olson. 
S. M. Ferris. 
Iver M. Brand jord. 
I. W. Healy. 
Arthur G. Lewis. 
Robert Work. 
A. W. Eygablaad. 
W. C. Schwoebel . 
J. G. Pitts. 
CM. Porter. 
Wm. Ackerman. 
Robert M. Cowan. 
Geo. G. Bope. 
E. W. Field. 
James A. Weed. 
Hans Rothgarn. 
Paul Kretschmar. 
O. B. Winff. 
Henry Sag-ehorn. 
H. J. Tavis. 
Henry Telander. 
Wm. V. Kiebert. 
Swain Thorwaldson, 
John Kellesvig-. 
Emil S. Eich. 
Geo. W. Ferguson. 
P. H. Stnnersen. 
Jas. A. Brown. 
Chas. Marcellus. 
J. S, White. 
S. McPherson. 
Andrew Blewett. 
Frank Shanley. 
Peter Davidson. 
O. M. Eraser. 
J. W. Fabrick. 
Fred Dix. 
E. M. Atterberry. 



/ STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



265 



County Officers in Nortli Dalcota — Continued. 



County 



■o « 



Sheriff 



Clerk of Court 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billing's , 

Bottineau 

Burleig-h 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks.. 

Grig-g-8 

Kidder 

LaNfoure 

Logan 

McHenry 

Mclntosfa.. 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

NelRon , 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sarg-ent 

Stark 

Steele .. 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



5 
2 
6 
8 
6 
3 
7 
4 
5 
6 
5 
1 
5 
6 
5 
5 
8 
4 
6 
6 
6 
1 
6 
7 
2 
2 
4 
4 
2 
4 
6 
3 
5 
2 
3 
7 
8 
5 
8 



Hans Appeg-ard 

John S. Aker 

Geo. O. Reid 

Thomas Gard ner 

Geo. A. Welch 

W. E Hunt 

Pe er Reid 

Joe Drew 

Geo. F. Fahrer 

Peter Shier 

James Nelson 

A. F. Turner 

J. C. Flynn 

John Noonan 

C. E. Larson 

Geo. Laney 

Ador A . J evnager ...... 

Emanuel Hildenbrandt 

Die Gradin 

C. A . Heinemeyer 

Chas. McDonald 

T. C. Sveen 

A. Tabert 

Chas. Atkinson 

N. G. Meyers 

John McLean 

T. J. Dwire 

U. V. Robbins.. 

J.J. Douglas 

W. T. Jackman 

L. N. Hartung 

W. E.Elliott 

Harry Was.ser 

C. D. Carmichael 

O. B. Olson 

C. C. Hankey 

John J. Lee 

W. A. Graupmann. 

L . L . Lampman, 



Frank S. Henry. 
George E. Moxley. 
Henry Gilbert. 
Chas. R. Wilber. 

A. W. Cook. 
E. C. Sargent. 
H. O. Storlie. 
J. £. Baker. 
C. J. Stickney. 
P. G. Rooks. 
T. M. Page. 

M. W. Spaulding. 
Oscar D. Purinton. 
Thomas Glass. 
O. G. Monroe. 
Christian Baltzer. 
E. E. Ellis. 
Gotlfrey A. Bietz. 
Peter A. Schmidt. 
Jacob Krause. 
Ed Morck. 
L. M. Fillmore. 
V. R. Boerner. 
Alex. L. Airth. 
Simon Westby. 
Thos. Thorsott. 
CO. Peterson . 
J. M. Kramer. 
0. J. Partridge. 
O. B. Johnson. 
Jas. G. Saunders. 
P. O. Sathre. 
George Ricbmond. 
W. E. Peck. 

B. C. Boyd. 
N. H. Rinde. 
J. E. Smith. 
Mark Hnnt. 
A. H. Brown. 



266 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



County Officers in North Dakota—Continued. 



County 



•d cc 



Register of Deeds 



State's Attorney 



Barnes 

Benson 

biUinirs 

Bottineau.. .. 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks. 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure. ... 

Logan 

McHenry .... 
Mcintosh — 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



5 
2 
6 
8 
6 
3 
7 
4 
5 
6 
5 
1 
5 
6 
5 
5 
8 
4 
6 
6 
6 
1 
6 
7 
2 
2 
4 
4 
2 
4 
6 
3 
5 
2 
3 
7 
8 
5 
8 



John Halverson 

George Dicki nson 

Geo. E. Burgess 

Martin L. Helgerson... 

John L. Peterson 

E. H. Holte, 

Allan Pinkerton 

W. E. Kellogg 

A. G. Gardner 

P. J. Wittraayer 

L • K . Estabrook 

Henry Hancock 

O . M . Westley 

E. B. Miller 

C. I. Hutchinson 

J. Goehring 

O. H Wolhowe , 

Gottfried D. Grosz 

H. C. Nygaard 

John Sailer 

A.M. Packard 

Peter J . Sjarseth 

Frank A . Moore , 

John F. Gill 

C. A. Erickson 

George Elmslie 

Roberts. Campbell... 

A.J. Nelson 

Percival Dixon 

D . L Warriner 

W. P. Burnett 

H. J. Rinde 

George McKenzie 

F. M. Tishue 

T. C. F.oyson 

F. A. Welch 

G. S. Reishus 

Ole S. Hedahl 

H. E. Field 



Alfred Zager. 
C. L. Lindstrom. 
Joseph (gamble. 
E. C. Bowen. 

A. T. Patterson. 
W. H. Barnett. 
Geo. M. Price. 
E. E. Cassels. 
R. P. Rinker. 

R. M. Farrington. 

C. E. Leslie. 

J. B. Wineraan. 

Frank Gladstone. 

Joseph W. Walker. 

E. M. Warren. 

G. M McKenna. 

Albert Weber. 

R. R. Hedtke. 

Wm. L. Nuessle. 

H. L. Van Benschoten. 

B. W. Shaw. 
Geo. D. Kelly. 

M. Brynjolfson. 
Guy L. "Whittemore. 
W. M. Anderson. 
Alfred M. Kvello. 

C. E. Wolfe. 
William Bateson. 
E. W. Bowen. 

M. L. McBride, 
C. S. Shippev. 
George W. Thorp. 
F D. Davis. 
Theo. Kaldor. 
E. R. Sinkler. 
Geo. A. McGee. 
H. J. Bessesen. 
Van R. Brown. 



y 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



267 



County Officers in Nortli Dakota — Continued. 



County 



•d CO 



Coantj Jadge 



Supt. of Schools 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks... 

'Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

*McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



5 
2 
6 
8 
6 
3 
7 
4 
5 
6 
5 
1 
5 
6 
5 
5 
8 
4 
6 
6 
6 
1 
6 
7 
2 
2 
4 
4 
2 
4 
6 
8 
5 
2 
3 
7 
8 
5 

? 



O. H, Irgens 

Alfred Dresser 

J. J. Tomamichel .. 
Gilbert J. I»indberg 

M.J. McKenzie 

A. G. Hansom 

H. E. Dorval 

A. D. Flemington .. 

C. W. Hall 

C. Rowderdink 

J. Lemert 

L. K. Hassell 

W. H. Carleton 

F. P. Leamy 

W.J. Hughes 

George A. Bryant .. 

H. S.Kline 

Jakob Breidling ... 

E. A. Lamb 

John Suess, Jr 

Wm. McKendry 

T. E. Metcalf 

P.H. Bagnell 

Henrv G. Vick 

J.T. Berdahl 

J. F. Henry 

Chas. A. Gram 

Andreas Jersin 

W. M. Hunt 

J. W. Christian 

John Vander Las .. 

Albert Mickels 

Marion Conklin 

J A. Mahood 

Jorgen Howard 

George Shepherd . . . 
Nehemiah Davis . .. 
Marshall Brinton .. 
A. A. Austin 



M. W. Barnes. 
N.T. Teigen. 
Mrs. Lydia Richards. 
P. E. Christenson. 
C. L. Vigness. 
Mattie M- Davis. 

B. E. Groom. 
Mrs. G. M. Ldvell. 
Grace B. Putnam. 
Chas. Coventry. 
Zerlina S. Eakin. 
J. F. McLaiu. 
Clara Feiring. 
OrroHurd. 

H. D. Mack. 

R. A. McCalmont. 

Dalton McDonald. 

W. A. Linn. 

Henry C. Olson. 

Otto Schreiber. 

W. H. Seiiz. 

E.C.Olsgard. 

Mrs. Iva O. Jenness. 

F. M Sherarts. 

Anna M. Peterson. 

P. D. Norton. 

Fred V. Hutchinson. 

R. M. Black. 

Jas. Dunphy. 

A. M. Simpson, 

Lloyd Rader. 

T. A. Hasselquist. 

Fred M. Wanner, 

C. E. Blackorby. 
J. F.Hettler. 

■J. Sonderall. 
E. G. Warren. 
Josy M. Paulsen. 
Ernest R. Brownson. 



268 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



County Officers in North Dakota— Continued. 



County 



<Q as 

^5 



Treasurer 



Public Administrator 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billing's 

Bottineau 

Burleigrh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickej ...,; 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks ., 

GriBrg"s 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Log'an 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



5 
2 
6 
8 
6 
3 
7 
4 
5 
6 
5 
1 
5 
6 
5 
5 
8 
4 
6 
6 
6 
1 
6 
7 
2 
2 
4 
4 
2 
4 
6 
3 
5 
2 
3 
7 
8 
5 
8 



Lloyd Morton 

C. E. Baker 

J. S.Snyder 

P.J.Scully 

Lynn W. Sperry . 
Nlelvin S. Mayo.. 

Joseph Power 

Hans Lee , 

L. C. Oefstedahl . . 
G, A. Herolz 

E. T. Halaas 

J. R. Poupore 

Seval Friswold 

M. F. Woessner .. 

Henry Hodem 

Carl Kaz 

A. E. Walley 

John F. Georg-e. .. 

F. Irvin Root 

Adam Sailer, 8r.. 
AlphnnsoBoley .. 

Fred Lindvig 

Frank Schmeling- 
F. H. Anderson. .. 
E. H. McBride.... 

Fred A. Baker 

Ed^ar B. Knapp.. 
Stephen Braun . . . 
A. K. Thompson . 

E. B. Johnson 

John Leask 

T. O. Schjeldahl . 

John J. Latta 

W.P.Atkins 

A. O. Anderson .. 

R. M. Vig-ness 

J. C. Mitchell 

W. E. Low 

B. L. Hardaway.. 



H. A. Blenfen. 

C. E. Barber. 
N. C. Weg^ner. 
I* . C ^ees. 
Henry Krog-h. 
F. A. McDonald. 

D. T. Youker. 
SethH, Bailey. 
Chas. S. Lane. 

James Twamley. 

E. W. Rverson. 

F. D. Jones. 

W. C. Batterson. 

W. F. Smith. 
Jokob Wi^dman. 
Henry Bartz. 
Robert Weidner. 
S. W. Unkenholz. 
Grant Allin. 
J. V. McCormick. 
John Halcrow, 
John Saterlie. 
Chas. E. Taylor. 
Harley S. Grover. 
R. G. Tweeton. 
Frank Rosscup. 
Bert W. Slocum. 
Peter Heiser. 
C. G. Boise. 
O. A. Boynton. 
L. J. Ransier. 
O. C. Hauan. 
A. E. Cobb. 
J. J.Coyle. 
John G. Heitzmaa. 
Johi^VanSlyke. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



269 



LIST OF ATTORNEYS IN NORTH DAKOTA. 

AS RETURNED BY CLERKS OF COURT. 



BARNES. 



Herman Winterer 
Martin Remmen . 
George M. Young 
A. P. Paulson . . 

Lee Combs 

E. H. Wright ... 
H. A. Olsberg ... 
£. K. Mason . . . . 
Edward Winterer 



C. L. Lindstrom . 
O. D. Comstock . 

C. W. Buttz 

R. A. Stuart . . . . 

Theo. Koffel 

H. L. Halverson . 



Valley 

Valley 

Valley 

Valley 

Valley 

Valley 

.Valley 

Valley 

Valley 



City 
City 
City 
City 
City 
City 
City 
City 
City I 

BENSON. 



E. T. Burke 

Alfred Zuger 

Theodore S. Lindland 

Jerome Parks 

M. C. Spicer 

J. F. Page 

M. F. Englert 

G. D. Jones 



Valley City 
Valley City 
Valley City 
Wimbledon 
.... Dazey 
Valley City 
Valley City 
Valley City 



Minnewaukan 
Minnewaukan 
Minnewaukan 
Minnewaukan 

Esmond 

Esmond 



W. P. Plat Knox 

Jas. H. McCarty York 

W. H. Thomas Leeds 

A. E. Buttz Leeds 

E. Bergland Leeds 

M. Liles Oberon 



BILLINGS. 
Geo. H. Purchase.. Sentinel Butte | 

BOTTINEAU. 



V. Ormsby Soule .... Westhope 
W. A. Goldschmidt .... Westhd^ 

Guy L. Scott Lansford 

£.. O. Haraldson Lansford 

J. B. Hall Lansford 

H. H. Creswell Souris 

W. H. Adams Souris 

J. J. Murphy Souris 



£. C. Bowen Bottineau 

V. B. Noble Bottineau 

H. S. Blood Bottineau 

A. G. Burr Bottineau 

J. J. Weeks Bottineau 

N. C. Wegner Bottineau 

A. Besancon Bottineau 



BURLEIGH. 



Asa T. Patterson ..... Bismarck 

N. F. Boucher Bismarck 

J. R. Gage Bismarck 

G. F. Dullam Bismarck 

R. N. Stevens Bismarck 

J. W. Bull Bismarck 

W. F. Cochrane Bismarck 

C. . B. Little Bismarck 

F. H. Register Bismarck 

Geo. M. Register Bismarck 

A. J. Hedrix Bismarck 



John F. Fort Bismarck 

G. W. Newton Bismarck 

J. F. Philbrick Bismarck 

Edward S. Allen Bismarck 

E. A. Williams Bismarck 

T. R. Mockler Bismarck 

Charles G. Taylor . . . Bismarck 

I. C. Fenniger Bismarck 

Dennis Hannifin Bismarck 

I Lee McGlashan Bismarck 

I Andrew Miller Bismarck 



CASS. 



W. F. Ball Fargo 

John S. Watson Fargo 

D. G. Maclay Fargo 

Seth Newman Fargo 

D. B. Holt Fargo 

J. S. Frame Fargo 

B. F. Spalding Fargo 

W. S. Stambaugh Fargo 

John D. Benton Fargo 

V. R. Lovell Fargo 

W. H. Barnett Fargo 



F. J. Thompson Fargo 

Emerson H. Smith Fargo 

A. L. Parsons Fargo 

J. A. McEldowney Fargo 

W. A. Scott Fargo 

L. L. Twichell Fargo 

J. A. Montgomery Fargo 

A. G. Hanson Fargo 

George H. Phelps Fargo 

J. W. Tilly Fargo 

William B. Douglas Fargo 



270 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Attorneys In North Dakota — Continued. 

CASS — Continued. 



S. W. Richardson Fargo 

F. B. Morrill Fargo 

A. W. Fowler Fargo 

A. B. Lee Fargo 

H. R. Turner Fargo 

B. D. Townsend Fargo 

H. F. Miller Fargo 

R. M. Pollock Fargo 

W. *C. Resser Fargo 

W. J. Clapp Fargo 

Taylor Crum Fargo 

T. H. McEnroe Fargo 

L. T. Hamilton Fargo 

J. Chester Johnson Fargo 

W. W. Smith Fargo 

S. A. Hudson Fargo 

Henry Krogh Fargo 

Jacob Lowell Fargo 

Thomas. Baker, Jr Fargo 

Ida M. Crum Fargo 

W. H. Shure Fargo 

S. G. Roberts Fargo 

Martin Ryan Fargo 



John D. Farrand Fargo 

L. C. Johnson Fargo 

M. A. Hildreth Fargo 

C. H. Laizure Fargo 

J. A. Johnson Fargo 

A. T. Cole Fargo 

E. C. Gearey Fargo 

R. A. Cushon Fargo 

J. E. Robinson Fargo 

J. VV. Glassford — ......Fargo 

B. G. Tenneson Fargo 

G. L. Wallace Fargo 

H. L. Hull Fargo 

Smith Stimmel Casselton 

H. G. Scott Casselton 

S. B. Bartlett Casselton 

J. F. Callahan Casselton 

E. F. Hull Wheatland 

C. E. Stowers Wheatland 

S. G. More Buffalo 

A. A. Twichell Tower City 

W. J. Courtney Page 

G. S. Bills Kindred 



CAVALIER. 



Joseph Cleary Langdon 

Fred McLain Langdon 

W. B. Dickson Langdon 

P. G. Johnson Langdon 

W. B. Gordon Langdon 

H. A. Wheeler Langdon 

Otto Atneosen Langdon 



George H. Moellring . . Langdon 

Geo. M. Price Langdon 

F. E. Smith Langdon 

J. G. Johnson Milton 

John H. Owen Osnabrock 

U. L. Burdick Munich 



DICKEY. 



James M. Austin Ellendale 

E. E. Cassels Ellendale 

H. H. Perry Ellendale 



Geo. H. Fay Ellendale 

S. G. Cady Oakcs 

W .S. Wickersham Oakcs 



D. T. Youker Ellendale ' Benjamin Porter Fullerton 

Geo. T. Webb Ellendale I 



EDDY. 



P. M. Mattson . 
Jas. A. Manley 
C. J. Maddux . 
R. F. Rinker .. 



New Rockford 
New Rockford 
New Rockford 
New Rockford 



D. F. Ellsworth ..New Rockford 
R. P. Allison ....New Rockford 
M. T. O'Connor ..New Rockford 
B. F. Whipple Sheycnne 



EMMONS. 



H. A. Armstrong Linton 

Geo. W. Lynn Linton 



R. M. Farrington Linton 

Chas. S. Lane Linton 



FOSTER. 



C. £. Leslie Carrington 

T. F. McCue Carrington 

W. E. Hoopes Carrington 

G. W. White Carringto i 

C. B. Craven Carrington 



R. A. Bill Carrington 

Geo. H. Estabrook . . Carrington 

W. O. Lowden McHenry 

G. F. Faytle McHcnry 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 

Attorneys In North Dakota — Continued. 

GRAND FORKS. 



Tricy R 
U. A. E 



R. H. Bosard . 



. BrynjoJfion -Grand ' 



Fred Duggan Gra 

K. B. Feelham Gra 

C L. Granet Grai 

;. G. Hamilton .... Gra 

Willis A. Joy Gra; 

E. H. Ktnt .'. Gra 

C. J. Murphy Gra 

W. J. Mayer Gra 



1 W, ( 



W. H. Standish . 

B. G. SkulasoD . 
S. C. Skulason . 

C. F. Templeton 
J. B. Wineman . 
C F. Whitcomb 
H. L. Whittled .. 
W. L. Wilder ... 
G. F. Wyvell ... 
M. V. Linwell .. 
W. L. T. Goodisoi 
Tho«. H. Pugh . 
S. J. Badcliffe .. 



Ohaa. Harshmi 



Grand Fi 

Grand Fi 

. North* 

... Larin 

..Ijrii 



lett Cooperstown I Will H. 

Baldwin . .Cooperstown I Frank Gl: 





KIDDER. 




Joseph W. Walker . . . 


Steele | Charles H. Stanley 

LAMOURE. 
























: huZl '■ ^- ^'"'^ ■■■■'■ 




W. J. Hughe. 






LOGAN. 




George M. McKenna. 


Napoleon | 

M'HENRY. 
















C. A. Donnelly 






















P. B. Slevena 


.. Granville | H. W. Braatelein . 
M'INTOSH. 


.. Ana 


J. H. Wishefc 


... Wishek I A. W. Clyde 

... Wishek R. R. Hedike ... 


.■.■.■.■ A 



272 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Attorneys in North Dakota— Continued. 

M'LEAN. 

J. T. McCulloch Washburn I G. Olgierson Underwood 

J. A. Hyland Washburn I J. A. Callahan Denhoff 

W. L. Nuessle Washburn | F. J. Newman Denhoff 

George P. Gibson Washburn | Otto Grethen Goodrich 

E. A. Lamb Washburn | Chas. Anderson Wilton 

MERCER. 

H. L. VanBenschoten Mannhaven | 

MORTON. 

E. D. Case New Salem I S. Nuchols ,... Mandan 

G. W. Howe New Salem F. E. Murphy Mandan 

W. H. Stutsman Mandan | B. W. Shaw Mandan 

H. G. Voss Mandan | J. E. Campbell Mand'in 

J. M. Hanley Mandan | A. M. Packa*-d ...'..... Mandan 

NELSON. 



C. N. Frich Lakota 

G. D. Kelley Lakota 

F. A. Kelley Lakota 

A. E. Sheets Lakota 



John F. Flemming .... Michigran 

W. A. Smith Michigan 

M. A. Shirley Aneta 

Halvard Norskog Aneta 



PEMBINA. 

M. Brynjolfson Cavalier | T. A. Miller St. Thomas 

W. J. Burke Bathgate Wm. McMurchie . . . . St Thomas 

E. W. Conmy Pembina George Peterson Pembina 



R. Ferguson Drayton 

Grant S. Hager St. Thomas 

P. Halldorson Cavalier 

D. J. Laxdal Cava'iei 

A. L. Miller St. Thomas 



H. B. Spiller Pembina 

C. L. Spring Hamilton 

T. D. Stack Walhalla 

H. G. Vick Pembina 



PIERCE. 

Guy L. Whittemore Rugby I E. C. Carney Rugby 

A. E. Coger Rugby I F. H. McDermont Rugby 

L. N. Torson Rugby j Russell L. Moore Rugby 

L. R. Nosdahl Rugby | 

^ RAMSEY. 



John C. Adamson . . Devils Lake 
W. M. Anderson .... Devils Lake 

E. R. Barnett Devils -.Lake 

John Burke Devils Lake 

M. H. Brennan . . . Devils Lake 

D. G. Duell Devils Lake 

lorwerth C. Davies . . Devils Lake 

E. F. Flynn Devils Lake 

L. D. Cooler Devils Lake 



Chas. D. Kennedy . . Devils Lake 
Herbert Lewis . . . Starkweather 
John , W. Maher .... Devils Lake 
Peter J. McClory . . Devils Lake 

T. W. Morrissey Edmore 

H. G. Middaugb . . . Devils Lake 

P. D. Norton Devils Lake 

F. H. Prosser Devils Lake 

Homer Resler .... Starkweather 



R. Goer Devils Lake I Siver Serumgard . . . Devils Lake 

H. M. Gray Devils Lake I Fred J. Traynor . . Devils Lake 

John F. Henry Devils Lake \ L. J. Wehe Edmore 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



273 



Attorneys In North Dakota — Continued. 

RANSOM. 



P. H. Rourke Lisbon 

Alfred M. Kvello Lisbon 

Sydney D. Adams Lisbon 

Thomas A. Curtis Lisbon 

A. C. Lacy Lisbon 

Chas. S. Ego Lisbon 



Chas. O. Heckle T.isbon 

F. S. Thomas Lisbon 

C. A. Kvello Enderlin 

Ed. Pierce Sheldon 

Chas. A. Gram Sheldon 



RICHLAND. 



A. J. Bessie Wahpeton 

J. A. Dwyer Hankinson 

Folsom Dow Wahpeton 

Tohn Hurley Wahpeton 

R. N. Ink Wahpeton 

W. I. Irvine ^Lidgerwood 

G. H. Korsvik Abcrcrombie 

W. S. Lauder ........ Wahpeton 

H. N. Morphy Wahpeton 

E. A. Munger Abercrombie 

H. C. N. Myra Wahpeton 

P. J. McCumber Wahpeton 

J. G. Forbes Wahpeton 

D. R. Jones Wahpeton 



I W. E. Purcell Wahpeton 

j C. L. Bradley Wahpeton 

I Guy Divet Wahpeton 

I W. H. Redmon Wahpeton 

I F. B. Schneller Wahpeton 

I Gustav Schuler Wahpeton 

I Martin Scramstad . . . Wyndmere 

I S. H. Snyder Wahpeton 

John L. Strohm Hankinson 

Chas. A. Tuttle .... Fairmount 
Robert A. Tyson — Hankinson 
Geo. E. Wallace .... Wahpeton 

Chas. E. Wolf Wahpeton 

C D. Wright Wyndmere 



ROLETTE. 



Wm. Bateson Rolla 

C. R. Gailfus Rolla 



H. E. Plymat Rolla 

Fred E. Harris Rolla 



SARGENT. 



J. E. Bishop Forman 

E. W. Bowen Forman 

J. A. Slattery Forman 

L. S. Taylor Forman 



S. A. Sweetman Forman 

John Hurley Forman 

O. S. Sem Milnor 

Henry B. Thompson .... Milnor 



STARK. 



L. A. Simpson Dickinson 

C. E. Gregory Dickinson 

W. C. Crawford Dickinson 

J. G. Campbell Dickinson 

J. H. F)eld Dickinson 



M L. McBridc ... 

Frank Baker 

Joseph Messersmith 
H. C. Berry 



Dickinson 
Dickinson 
Dickinson 
Dickinson 



STEELE. 



Geo. Murray .". . 
William Barclay 
C. S. Shippy . . . 
E. J. McMahon' 



. . Sherbrooke 
. Sherbrooke 

Hope 

Hope I 



W. S. Henry Sherbrooke 

W L. Carpenter Finley 

J. M. Johnson Sharon 



STUTSMAN. 



fredrus Baldwin 
S. L. Glaspell . . . 

J. W. Carr 

Marion Conklin . . 

John Knauf 

Ormsby McHarg . 
S. E. Ellsworth . 
W. A. Martin .., 
James A. Murphy 



.Jamestown 
Jamestown 

Jamestown 
amestown 
Jamestown 
Jamestown 
Jamestown 
Jamestown 
Jamestown 



Oscar L. iJeiler .... Jamestown 

Alfred Steele Jamestown 

Geo. W. Thorp Jamestown 

F. G. Kneeland Jamestown 

S. A. Wilder Jamestown 

A L. Knauf Jamestown 

J. A. Coffey Courtenay 

R. A. Points Kensal 



Blae Book- 20 



274 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Attorneys in North Dakota— Continued. 

TOWNER. 



F D. Davis Cando 

V. Brooke Cando 

T. Kchoc Cando 

C C. Converse Cando 



\ 



J. S . Moothart ........ Cando 

H. D. Skinner Cando 

A. C. Hurst Cando 

D. J. Kcifer Perth 



TRAILL. 



F. W. Ames Mayville 

John Carmody Hillsboro 

Thco. Kaldor Hillsboro 

J. F. Selby Hillsboro 

WALSH. 



Asa J. Styles Mayville 

P. G. Swenson Hillsboro 

Isaac N. Steen Mayville 



J. E. Gray Grafton 

T. D. Casey Grafton 

E. N. Swiggura Grafton 

TcflF M. Myers Grafton 

* Wm. MacKenzie Grafton 

W. R. DePuy Grafton 

E. R. Sinkler Grafton 

John H. Fraine Grafton 



H. H. Mott Grafton 

W. H. Phelps Grafton 

H. C. DePuy Minto 

Jesse Phelps Minto 

H. A. Libby Park River 

G. W. Young Park River 

E. Smith-Petersen . . . Park River 
Joel Myers Park River 



WARD. 



Tames Johnson Mino^ 

J. E. Greene Mino 

G. A. McGee Mino 

C. A. Johnson Mino 

R. A. Nestos Mino 

A. Blaisdcll Mino 

John A. Bird Mino 

Joseph Denoyer Mino 

M. J. Barrett Mino 

N. Davis Mino 

S. B. Pinney Mino 

D. C. Greenleaf Mino 

K. E. Leighton Mino 

E. L. Sutton Mino 

J. J. Coyle Mino 

Tohn Bates Mino 

L. J. Palda, Jr Mino 

A. LeSueur Mino 

B. H. Bradford Mino 

C. Aurland Mino 

T. E. Olsgard Mino 



John H. Lewis Minot 

W. N. Crane Minot 

F. J. Murphy Kenmare 

George E. Childs .... Kenmare 

D. R. Pierce Kenmare 

A. W. Gray Kenmare 

S. W. Richardson .... Kenmare 

S. M. Lockerby Portal 

Geo. M. Gray Portal 

Clark Hovey Donnybrook 

John W. White .... Donnybrook 

J. J. Hoffman Donnybrook 

Bertie Nelson Flaxton 

W. E. McQueen Berthold 

G. G. Ripley Mohall 

George A. Gilmore Mohall 

John Shipman Bowbells 

Geo. H. Gjertsen .... Bowbells 

F. I. Lyons ' Bowbells 

Ben W. Hosmer Glenburn 



WELLS. 



J. O. Hanchett Harvey 

Aloys Wartner Harvey 

Anton Grethen Harvey 

H. L. Berry Harvey 

J. J .Youngblood Fessenden 

P. H. Woodward .... Fessenden 

M. E. Wilson Fessenden 

W. E. Macdonald .... Fessenden 



Geo. K. Shaw, Jr Fessenden 

H. J. Bessensen Fessenden 

J. E. Jonsonius Bowdon 

Thos. Morrow Bowdon 

H. B. Doughty Bowdon 

A. G. Covell Sykeston 

R. A. Palmeter Fessenden 



WILLIAMS 



N. A. Stewart Williston 

W. B. Overson Williston 

D. W. Nefsy Williston 



E. F. Cox Williston 

Van R. Brown Ray 

D. C. Page Waiiston 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



275 



REGISTERED LAW STUDENTS. 



Name. Address. 

Paul Crum Fargo 

Mabel L. Kreitzberg .Park River 

Esten R. Williams Minot 

Richard C. Kittel Casselton 

J. C. Syfford Minot 

J. H. Fraser ....Minot 

H. L Carrysot Fargo 

Nicholas B Ludowese Devils Lake 

G. R. Byskett Minot 

John J. Swengel ..Grand Forks. 
P. J. Holmberg .... Devils Lake 
John Edmund Ryan . . Langdon 

Ingram J Moe Valley City 

John J. Sampson.. . .St. Thomas 

Harry R. Beede Minot 

A. L. Ravely Kulm 

H. Munson Grand Forks 

C. M. Gray Carrington 

Paul B. Stevens Towner 

F. C. Burr Bottineau 

C. P. Hanson Minot 

John Conboy Lisbon 

John M. Blumer Devils Lake 

Arthur Blaisdell Minot 

Alphonse Tenner Minot 

Byron Yates Jamestown 

A. G. Elston . .' Bismarck 

F. K. Hag^nin Fargo 

Bruce D. Youells Casselton 

Irvine F. Lytle Valley City 

A. D. Weeks Valley City 

J. A. Daeley Devils Lake 

M. J Coglan Rolla 

Perley R. Lance Valley City 

Justin E. Safford ...Valley City 

Russell L. Moore Rugby 

E. R. Brownson Williston 



Name Address 

H. R. Berndt Bismarck 

Jesse McCorjnick . . . New Salem 
William Kavanaugh, Jam^town 

J. W. Huff Reynolds 

John D. Scherer Lisbon 

Grace Thomas Lisbon 

Stephen J. Cowley. .. .Larimore 

Arthur C. Wehe. Lakota 

L. D. ..xcGahan Bismarck 

J. C. Turner Fargo 

Chas. Kaiser Bismarck 

A R. E. Crothers . . . Grand Forks 
Chas. J. Kachelhoffer.Wahpcton 

Robert Dunn New Salem 

Daniel J. Hent\essy. . . .Reynolds 

G. J. Clauson Leeds 

C. G. Bangert Sheldon 

Charles A. Verret Rolla 

Thomas M. Cooney . .Wahpeton 

C. E. Blackorby Cando 

W. M. Hunt Rolla 

W. P. Keplinger ....Jamestown 
Bernhardt Letzring .New Salem 

F. Wm. Pusch Jamestown 

George H. Stone. . . .Jamestown 

O. T. Lacy Lisbon 

E. F. Wirth Hankinson 

Arthur J. Hughes ........ Fargo 

Orrin Holmes Devils Lake 

Clyde L. Young Devils Lake 

John A. Layne . . . New Rockf ord 
David S. Ritchie ... Valley City 

James McGuigan Fargo 

P. E. Byrne ..." Biismarck 

Carlton B. Davis .... Larimore 

Wm. ' V. Baker Devils Lake 

Alfred E Logic Fargo 



276 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



OFFICERS OF NORTH DAKOTA NATIONAL GUARD. 

E. Y. Sarles, Governor and Commander-in-Chief. 

GENERAL STAFF. 

Brigadier General H. M. Creel, adjutant general Bismarck 

Colonel H. M. Creel, inspector and judge advocate general. Devils Lake 

Colonel Wm. H. Brown, chief of ordnance .Grand Forks 

Colonel Frank P. Allen , chief of supply Lisbon 

Colonel Charles McLacKlan, surgeon general New Rockford 

Colonel M. A. Baldwin, aide-de-camp Casselton 

Colonel C. R. Meredith , aide-de-camp Casselton 

Colonel M. B. De la Bere, aide-de-camp Sheldon 

Colonel C, L. Van Alstine, aide-de-camp Grand Forks 

Colonel E. H. Kent , aide-de-camp Grand Forks 

Colonel J. W. Robinson , aide-de-camp « Steele 

Colonel K. C. Sanborn , aide-de-camp , Minot 

Colonel R. T. Kingman , aide-de-camp . . . : Hillsboro 

Colonel David Larin , aide-de-camp Mayville 

Colonel F. H. Sprague, aide-de-camp ; Grafton 

Colonel V. B. Noble, aide-de-camp Bottineau 

Colonel F. B. Chapman, aide-de-camp Williston 

Major E. C. Gearey, Jr., assistant ordnance officer Fargo 

Major J. S. Cole , commissary Lisbon 

Major Albert Roberts , commissary Devils Lake 

FIELD AND STAFF 

Colonel Amasa P. Peake , commanding first infantry Valley City 

Lieutenant Colonel W. C. Treumann ^ Grafton 

Major Fred Keye , first battalion Fargo 

Major J. H. Fraine, second battalion Grafton 

Major I. A. Berg, third battalion Grand Forks 

Major T. C. Patterson , surgeon first infantry Lisbon 

Captain W. G. Matchan , assistant surgeon , first infantry .... Bismarck 

First Lieutenant H. G. Fish, assistant surgeon Wheatland 

Captain C. F. Mudgett, regimental adjutant, first infantry. Valley City 

Captain T. H. Poole, regimental quartermaster Bismarck 

Captain A. W. Cogswell , regimental commissary Devils Lake 

First Lieutenant R. A. Thompson, battalion adjutant Fargo 

First Lieutenant A. J. Osborne, battalion adjutant Dickinson 

First Lieutenant H. G Proctor, battalion adjutant Jamestown 

Second Lieutenant E. D. Palmer , battalion quartermaster Fargo 

Second Lieutenant Phil. Short, battalion quartermaster ...Devils Lake 
Second Lieutenant P. W. Eddy, battalion quartermaster ...Jamestown 
Chaplain George H. Da vies, first infantry Hillsboro 

• CAPTAINS. 

W. F. Cushing, Company A Bismarck 

G. C. Grafton , Campany B Fargo 

T. H. Tharalson , Company C Grafton 

Thomas Lonnevik , Company D *. Devils Lake 

F. F. Ross, Company E Langdon 

F. S. Henry , Company G Valley City 

D. Baldwin , Jr. , Company H Jamestown 

W. R. Purdon , Company I Wahpeton 

C. J. Phelan , Company K Dickinson 

B. C. Boyd , Company L Hillsboro 

n. E. Thomas, Company M Ellendale 

M. P. Wells, Battery A Lisbon 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 277 



FIRST LIEUTENANTS. 

T. McCormick-, Company A Bismarck 

M. A. Hildreth, Company B Fargo 

Ole Mandenid , Company C Grafton 

B. D. Townsend , Company D * Devils Lake 

H. Weiland , Company E Langdon 

F. C. King, Company G , Valley City 

D. M. Wright, Company H Jamestown 

Arthur E. McKean , Company I Wahpeton 

A. Granteer, Company K • Dickinson 

O. B. Christianson , Company L .Hillsboro 

G. M. Sears, Company M Ellendale 

T. E. Conklin, Battery A Lisbon 

SECOND LIEUTENANTS. 

Piatt Dunn, Company A Bismarck 

D. S. LeWis, Company B *. Fargo 

C. Lewis , Company C Grafton 

F. H. Hyland , Company D Devils Lake 

C. C. Crawford , Company E Langdon 

J. E. Agnew, Company G Valley City 

E. E. Kurtz, Company H . .* Jamestown 

Frank B. McKean, Company I Wahpeton 

A. ' Tollef son , Company K Dickinson 

Carl N. Harstad , Company L Hillsboro 

W. E. Byam , Company M Ellendale 

T. A. Curtis, Battery A Lisbon 



TERMS OF DISTRICT COURT. 

Barnes county. Fifth district, second Monday in June and second 
Monday in December. 

Benson county. Second district, second Monday in June and third 
Monday in November. 

Billings county. Sixth district, third Tuesday in April and first 
Tuesday in October. 

Bottineau county, Second district, second Monday in' February, 
first Monday in June and fourth Monday in November. 

Burleigh county. Sixth district, third Tuesday in May and fourth 
Tuesday in November. 

*Cass county. Third district, first Tuesday after first Monday in 
January, fourth Tuesday in April, first Tuesday in September and 
first Tuesday in November. 

Cavalier county. Seventh district, third Tuesday in May and first 
Tuesday in November. 

Dickey county. Fourth district, fourth Tuesday in June and first 
Wednesday after first Tuesday in November. 

Eddy county. Fifth district, fourth Monday in May and fourth 
Monday in November. 

Emmons county, Sixth district, first Tuesday in May and first 
Tuesday in October. 

Foster county, Fifth district, first Monday in May and second Mon- 
day in October. 

Grand Forks, First district, first Tuesday in each month, except 
August and September. 

Griggs county. Fifth district, second Monday in May and secoind 
Monday in November. 

Kidder county. Sixth district, third Tuesday in June and second 
Tuesday in January. 



278 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

LaMoure county, Fifth district, first Monday in February and fourth 
Monday in September. 

Logan county, Fifth district, fourth Monday in April an,d fourth 
Mondjiy in October. 

McHenry county. Eighth district, second Monday in March, fourth 
Monday in June and third Monday in September. 
. Mcintosh county. Fourth district, second Tuesday in March and 
third Tuesday in October. 

McKenzie county. Sixth district, as judge shall direct. 

McLean county. Sixth district, second Monday in June and second 
Monday in December. 

Mercer county, Sixth district, as judge shall direct. 

Morton county. Sixth district, third Tuesday in April and first 
Wednesday after first Monday in November. 

Nelson county, First district, fourth Monday in May and third Mon- 
day in November. 

Oliver county. Sixth district, as judge shall direct. 

***Pembina county. Seventh district, first Tuesday in January, first 
Tuesday in June, first 'Tuesday in April, first Tuesday in October. 

Pierce county. Second district, fourth Monday in January and 
third Monday in June. 

Ramsey county, Second district, first Monday in January and first 
Monday in June. 

Ransom county. Fourth district, first Tuesday in May and second 
Tuesday in January. 

Richland county. Fourth district, first Tuesday in June and first 
Tuesday in December. 

Rolette county. Second district, third Monday in February and 
fourth Monday in June. 

Sargent county, Fourth district, third Tuesday in May and third 
Tuesday in November. 

Stark county, Sixth district, first Tuesday in April and second 
Tuesday in September. 

Steele county. Third district, third Tuesday in June and third 
Tuesday in October. 

Stutsman county. Fifth district, first Monday in January and first 
Monday in July. 

Towner county, Second district, first Monday in December and 
first Monday in May. 

Traill county. Third district, second Tuesday in February and first 
Tuesday in June. 

** Walsh county. Seventh district, fourth Tuesday in January, third 
Tuesday in June, third Tuesday in November, third Tuesday in March. 

Ward county. Eighth district, fourth Monday in January, fourth 
Monday in April and fourth Monday in October. 

Wells county, -Third district, third Monday in January and third 
Monday in July. 

Williams county. Eighth district, fourth Monday in February, fourth 
Monday in July and fourth Monday in September. 

*No jury September term. 

**No jury March or November terms. 

***No jury April or October terms. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 279 

PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS. 

Capitol Bismarck 

University Grand Forks 

Insane Asylum . . . .' Jamestown 

Penitentiary Bismarck 

Agricultural College Fargo 

School of Mines (attached to University) Grand Forks 

School for the Deaf Devils Lake 

Reform School Mandan 

Normal School Mayville 

Normal School Valley City 

Institution for Feeble Minded Grafton 

Soldiers' Home Lisbon 

Blind Asylum Bathgate 

Industrial School Ellendale 

School of Forestry Bottineau 

Scientific School , Wahpeton 

SALARIES OF STATE OFFICERS. 

Governor $ '3,000 

Lieutenant Governor 1 , 000 

Secretary of State 2,000 

Auditor 2,000 

Treasurer 2 ,000 

Attorney General 2,000 

Superintendent of Public Instruction r 2 , 000 

Commissioner of Insurance 2 ,000 

Commissioner of railroads (three) each 2,000. 

Commissioner of Agriculture and Labor 2 , 000 

Judges of Supreme Court (three) each 5,000 

Judges of District Courts (eight) each 3,500 

Clerk of Supreme Court 1 , 500 

Reporter of Supreme Court 1,500 

APPOINTIVE OFFICERS. 

State Examiner $ 2 ,000 

Chief Deputy State Examiner 1 , 800 

Assistant Deputy State Examiner 1 , 800 

Veterinarians (twelve) each 600 

Adjutant General 1 ,800 

Commissioner of University and School Lands 2 , 000 

Oil Inspector, fees until April, 1906, after that salary of.. 2,500 

Sealer of weights and measures fees 

All department deputies 1 , 800 

Trustees of Public Institutions receive $3 per day for each day cm- 
ployed and traveling expenses — not more than twelve sessions (twenty- 
four days in the aggregate) to be held in any one year unless authorized 
by the governor. 



280 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



POST OFFICES IN NORTH DAKOTA. 

CORRECTED TO JULY 1, 1905. 
(c. h. indicates county seats.) 



Town County 

Abercrombie Richland 

Absaraka Cass 

Acton Walsh 

Ackworth Rolette 

Adams Walsh 

Addison Cass 

Adler Nelson 

Adrian LaMoure 

Agricultural College Cass 

Akra Pembina 

Albert Benson 

Albertha Dickey 

Alcide Rolette . 

Alexander (c. h.) ... McKenzie 

Algeo Barnes 

Alice Cass 

Alfred LaMoure 

Almira ' McKenzie 

Amenia Cass 

Amy McHenry 

Anamoose McHenry 

Aneta Nelson 

Angie Williams . 

Anselm Ransom 

Antelope Stark 

Antler Bottineau 

Antwerp Towner 

Ardock Walsh 

Argusville Cass 

Armourdale Towner 

Armstrong Emmons 

Amdt Towner 

Arnold Burleigh 

Arthur Cass 

Arvilla Grand Forks 

Ashley (c. h.) Mcintosh 

Ashtabula Barnes 

Aster Oliver 

Auburn Walsh 

Avoca Williams 

Ayr Cass 

Bachelor '. Rolette 

Backoo Pembina 

Baconville Nelson 

Baden Ward 

Baldwin Burleigh 

Balfour McHenry 

Balton Towner 

Banks McKenzie 

Baqual Williams 

Barber Ward 

Barlow Foster 

Barnett Stutsman 

Barney Richland 

Barrie Richland 

Bartlett Ramsey 

Barton Pierce 



Town County 

Basto McLean 

Bathgate Pembina 

Bay Centre Pembina 

Beach Billings 

Beaulieu Cavalier 

Beaver Billings 

Beicegel McKenzie 

Belcourt Rolette 

Belden Ward 

Belfield Stark 

Bellville Grafld Forks 

Bellmont Traill 

Bentru Grand Forks 

Berlin LaMoure 

Berthea Rolette 

Berthold Ward 

Berwick McHe^ry 

Beyrout Pierce 

Binford Griggs 

Bisbee Towner 

Bismarck (c. h.) Burleigh 

Blabon Steele 

Blanchard Traill 

Bloomenfield Stutsman 

Bluegrass Morton 

Bohan Burleigh 

Bonetraill Williams 

Bordulac Foster 

Bottineau (c. h.) .... Bottineau 

Boundary Rolette 

Bowbell3 Ward 

Bowden Wells 

Bowesmont Pembina 

Braddock Eminons 

Brampton Sargent 

Brazil Pierce 

Brinsmade Benson 

Brittin Burleigh 

Brocket Ramsey 

Broncho Mercer 

Bruce Pembina 

Buchanan Stutsman 

Bue Nelson 

Buffalo Cass 

Buford Williams 

Burlingfton Ward 

Butte Oliver 

Buttzville Ransom 

Buxton Traill 

Bye Ward 

Byers McLean 

Caledonia Traill 

Calmar Rolette 

Calvin Cavalier 

Campagna Burleigh 

Cando (c. h.) Towner 

Canfield Burleigh 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



281 



Post Offices in North Dalcota — Continued. 



Town County 

Caunonball Morton 

Carlisle Pembina 

Carpenter Rolette 

Carpio Ward 

Carrington (c. h.) Foster 

Carson Morton 

Cartwright McKenzie 

Cashel Walsh 

Casselton Cass 

Cathay Wells 

Caughey McHenry 

Cavalier Pembina 

Cayuga Sargent 

Cecil Pierce 

Center (c. h.) Oliver 

Chaffee Cass 

Charlson McKenzie 

Chilcot Ward 

Christine Richland 

Churchs Ferry Ramsey 

Clare Stutsman 

Clement Dickey 

Cleveland Stutsman 

CliflFord Traill 

Cogswell Sargent 

Coldwater Mcintosh 

Coleharbor McLean 

Colfax Richland 

Colgate Steele 

Columbus Ward 

Conkling McLean 

Considine Towner 

Conway Walsh 

Coolin ■ Towner 

Cooperstown (c. h.) Griggs 

Cordelia Bottineau 

Cordes Oliver 

Corinne Stutsman 

Courtenay Stutsman 

Crary Ramsey 

Crete Sargent 

Crocus Towner 

Cromwell Burleigh 

Crosby Williams 

Crosier Nelson 

Cyrstal Pembina 

Crystal Springs Kidder 

Cumings Traill 

Daily Barnes 

Dakem Emmons 

Dale Emmons 

Daniels Cavalier 

Darling McLean 

Dash Towner 

Davenport Ca^ 

Dawson Kidder 

Dazey Barnes« 

Deapolis Mercer 

Deehr Nelson 

Deepriver McHenry 

Deering McHenry 



Town County 

Deer Lake Stutsman 

Degroat Ramsey 

Delamere Sargent 

Denbigh McHenry 

Denhoff McLean 

Denver Rolette 

Derrick Ramsey 

Deslacs Ward 

Devils Lake (c. h.) ....Ramsey 

Dickey LaMoure 

Dickinson (c. h.) Stark. 

Dissmore Nelson 

Dogtooth Morton 

Dokken Bottineau 

Donnybrook Ward 

Dore McKenzie 

Douglas McLean 

Doyon Ramsey 

Drake McHenry 

Drayton Pembina 

Dresden Cavalier 

Driscoll Burleigh 

Dunscith Rolette 

Durbin Cass 

Dwight Richland 

Dymoud Ward 

Easby Cavalier 

East Edge Barnes 

Eckelson Barnes 

Eden Wells 

Edgeley LaMoure 

Edinburg Walsh 

Edmore Ramsey 

Edmunds Stutsman 

Elbowoods McLean 

Eldridge Stutsman 

Elisa Rolette 

Elkwood Cavalier 

Ellefson Ward 

Ellendale (c. h.) Dickey 

Elling Pierce 

Ellis Oliver 

Ellison Towner 

Ely Bottineau 

Elm Morton 

Elizabeth Oss 

Embden Cass 

Emerado Grand Forks 

Emmonsburg Emmons 

Enderlin Ransom 

Endres McLean 

Englevale Ransom 

Erie Cass 

Esler Stutsman 

Esmond Benson 

Etna Cavalier 

Evanston Ramsey 

Everest Cass 

Exeter Emmons 

Expansion Mercer 



282 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Pott Offices in Nortli Dakota — Continued. 



Town County 

Fairmount Richland 

Falconer McLean 

Fallon Morton 

Fanchcr Stutsman 

Fargo (c. h.) Cass 

Farmington Richland 

Fayette Dunn 

Fergus Grand Forks 

Fern Ward 

Fernwood Towner 

Fessenden (c. h.) ....... Wells 

Fillmore Benson 

Fingal Barnes 

Finley Steele 

Fisher Rolette 

Fishlake Benson 

Flasher Morton 

Flaxton Ward 

Fleak Morton 

Flora Benson 

Floyd LaMoure 

Forest River Walsh 

Forman (c. h.) Sargent 

Fortier Williams 

Fort Berthold McLean 

Fort Ransom Ransom 

Fort Rice Morton 

Fort Totten Benson 

Fort Yates Morton 

Foxholm Ward 

Foxlake Ramsey 

Frances Burleigh 

Freeborn Eddy 

Fredonia Logan 

Fretting Kidder 

Fried Stutsman 

Fullerton Dickey 

Gackle Logan 

Gaines Oliver 

Galchutt Richland 

Galesburg Traill 

Galloway Rolette 

Gardar Pembina 

Gardner Cass 

Garske Ramsey 

Garrison McLean 

Games Ward 

Gayton Emmons 

Geneseo Sargent 

Geoff Walsh 

Gerber Stutsman 

Gilby Grand Forks 

Gifard Pierce 

Gladstone Stark 

Glanavon Emmons 

Glasston Pembina 

Glencoe Emmons 

Glenburn Ward 

Glenn Ward 

GlenuUin Morton 

Glover Dickey 



Town County 

Goa Benson 

Golden Lake Steele 

Goodall McKenzie 

Goodrich McLean 

Gorham Billings 

Grafton Walsh 

Grafton (c. h.) Walsh 

Grand Forks (c. h.) Grand Forks 

Graham's Island Benson 

Grand Harbor Ramsey 

Grandin Cass 

Grand Rapids LaMoure 

Granville McHenry 

Grasslake Pierce 

Gravly Bottineau 

Gray Stutsman 

-Great Bend Richland 

Great Stone . . McLean 

Grelland Ward 

Grenada Ward 

Grinnel Williams 

Griswold LaMoure 

Guelph Dickey 

Gunthorpe LaMoure 

Gwinner Sargent 

Haase Bottineau 

Hague Emmons 

Haley Bowman 

Halliday , . . . . Mercer 

Hallson Pembina 

Hamilton Pembina 

Hamden Ramsey 

Hammerf est Ward 

Hampton Emmons 

Hancock McLean 

Hankinson Richland 

Hannaford Griggs 

Hannah Cavaliei 

Hannover Oliver 

Harlem Sargent 

Harmon Morton 

Harrisburg Nelson 

Harvey Wells 

Harwood Cass 

Hastings Barnes 

Hatton Traill 

Havana Sargent 

Haven Foster 

Hazen Mercer 

Hazelton Emmons 

Heaton Wells 

Hecker Ward 

Hebron Morton 

Helena Griggs 

Hellwig Mcintosh 

Hensel Pembina 

Hensler Oliver 

Herr McLean 

Hesnault Ward 

Hespcr Benson 

Hickson Cass 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



283 



Post Offices in North Dakota — Continued. 



Town County 

Hiddenwood McLean 

Hills Ward 

Hillsboro (c. h.) Traill 

Hobson Morton 

Hofflund Williams 

Holmes Grand Forks 

Homen Cavalier 

Homestead Richland 

Honeyford Grand Forks 

Hoople Walsh 

Hope Steele 

Horace Cass 

Howe Morton 

Hull Emmons 

Hult Oliver 

Hunter Cass 

Hurdsfield Wells 

Hurricane Lake Pierce 

Hydepark Pembina 

Hyland Towner 

Ini^ersoll McLean 

Inkster Grand Forks 

lone LaMoure 

Isaac Burleigh 

Island Lake Rolette 

Jackson Ramsey 

Jamestown (c. h.) Stutsman 

Janesburg Morton 

Jarvis Rolette 

Jefferson Bottineau 

Jessie Griggs 

Jewell Mcintosh 

Johnstown Grand Forks 

Joliette Pembina 

Josephine Benson 

Joslyn Ward 

Judson LaMoure 

Juinata Pierce 

Juno Rolette 

Kathryn Barnes 

Kellogg Walsh 

Kellys Grand Forks 

Kelso Traill 

Kelvin Rolette 

Kempton Grand Forks 

Kenmare Ward 

Kensal Stutsman 

Kindred Cass 

Kiner Wells 

King Logan 

Kinloss Walsh 

Kintyre Emmons 

Klara Benson 

Knoff Williams 

Knox Benson 

Kongsberg Richland 

Krem Mercer 

Kronthal Mercer 

Kulm LaMoure 

LaFollette Ward 

Lakota (c. h.) Nelson 



Town County 

Lake View Towner 

Lake Woods Grand Forks . 

Lambert Walsh 

Lamont McLean 

LaMoure (c. h.) LaMoure 

Landa .- Bottineau 

Langdon (c. h.) Cavalier 

Langedahl Kidder 

Lanona Barnes 

Lansford Bottineau 

Lansing Towner 

Larimore Grand Forks 

Larrabee Foster 

Latona -. . . Walsh 

Laureat Rolette 

Lawton Ramsey 

Leal Barnes 

Lehr Mcintosh 

Lee Nelson 

Leeds Benson 

Lehigh Stark 

Leipsig Morton 

Leland Ward 

Leonard Cass 

Leroy Pembina 

Lewis Ward 

Leyden Pembina 

Lidgerwood Richland 

Lincoln McLean 

Linstad Walsh 

Linton (c. h.) Emmons 

Lisbon (c. h.) Ransom 

Litchville Barnes 

Livonia Emmons 

Linusville McHenry 

Little Heart Morton 

Lomice Walsh 

Lonetree Ward 

Lordsburg Bottineau 

Lowell Mcintosh 

Lucca Barnes 

Ludden Dickey 

Lynch Ward 

Lynchburg Cass 

McArthur Pembina 

McCanna Grand Forks 

McClusky McLean 

McGregor Williams 

McHenry Foster 

McKenzie Burleigh 

McKinney Ward 

McLean Cavalier 

McLeod Ransom 

McVilla Nelson 

Mack Cavalier 

Macroom Ward 

Maddock Benson 

Maida Cavalier 

Malcolm McLean 

Mandan (c. h.) Morton 

Manfred Wells 



284 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Post Offices in North Dakota — Continued. 



Town County 

Mannhaven Mercer 

Mantador Richland 

Manvel Grand Forks 

Mapes Nelson 

Mapleton Cass 

Marie ' Emmons 

Marion LaMoure 

Marmon Williams 

Mars Rolette 

Marstonmoor Stutsman 

Marshall Unorganized 

Martha McHenry 

Martin McLean 

Matteson Barnes 

Mayville Traill 

Max McLean 

Maza Towner 

Meadow McHenry 

Medford Walsh 

Medina Stutsman 

Medora (c. h.) Billings 

Mekinock Grand Forks 

Melville Foster 

Merl Ramsey 

Menoken Burleigh 

Merricourt Dickey 

Merrifield Grand Forks 

Michigan Nelson 

Mikkelson Billings 

Milnor Sargent 

Milroy McHenry 

Milton Cavalier 

Minnielake Barnes 

Minnewaukan (c. h.) ....Benson 

Minot (c. h.) Ward 

Minto Walsh 

Mohall Ward 

Mona Cavalier 

Monango Dickey 

Montpelier » Stutsman 

Moraine Grand Forks 

Monterey Benson 

Mooreton Richland 

Morris Eddy 

Mose Griggs 

Morton Cavalier 

Mott Hettinger 

Mountain Pembina 

Mount Carmel Cavalier 

Mowrer McLean 

Moycrsvillc Kidder 

Mugford Pembina 

Munich Cavalier 

Napoleon (c. h.) Logan 

Nash Walsh 

Naughton Burleigh 

Neche Pembina 

Nelson Kiddet 

Nesson Williams 

New England Hettinger 

Newhome Stutsman 



Town County 

Newport Ward 

New Rockford (c. h.) ....Elddy 

New Salem Morton 

Newville Ramsey 

Niagara Grand Forks 

Nicholson Sargent 

Nisbet Oliver 

Noel Morton 

Nome Barnes 

Nord Walsh 

North Chautauqua .... Ramsey 

Northwood Grand Forks 

Norton Walsh 

Norwich McHenry 

Nowesta Pembina 

Numedahl Cavalier 

Oakdale Stark 

Oakes Dickey 

Oakland : . . McHenry 

Oakville Barnes 

Oakwood Walsh 

Oberon Benson 

Odense Morton 

Odessa Ramsey 

Ojata Grand Forks 

Olga Cavalier 

Olive Ward 

Omemee Bottineau 

Omio Emmons 

Ong Burleigh 

O^iska Barnes 

Orr Grand Forks 

Oscar McLean 

Osgood , Cass 

Osnabrock Cavalier 

Otter Creek Oliver 

Ottofy Nelson 

Overholt Ward 

Owego Ransom 

Pace McLean 

Page Cass 

Palda Ward 

Painted Woods Burleigh 

Paisley Ward 

Palermo Ward 

Paoli Bowman 

Paris Stutsman 

Park McLean 

Parkin Morton 

Park River Walsh 

Patterson Ward 

Pelto Nelson 

Pelican Burleigh 

Pembina (c. h.) Pembina 

Pcnn Ramsey 

Perley McLean 

Perrv Sargent 

Persian Kidder 

Perth Towner 

Petersburg Nelson 

Phoenix Burleigh 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



285 



Post Offices in North Dakota — Continued. 



Town County 

Picton Tower 

Pilot Grand Forka 

Pingrec Stutsman 

Pisek Walsh 

Pittsburg Pembina 

Pleasant Ward 

Pleasant Lake Benson 

Pleasantview Griggs 

Polar Ward 

Polege Williams 

Portland Traill 

Power Richland 

Praha Walsh 

Prairie Stutsman 

Prattford Pembina 

Pratt McHenry 

Preston Ransom 

Putsian Kidder 

Questad Ward 

Rafteree Billings 

Ransom Sargent 

Ray Williams 

Renner Ward 

Renville Bottineau 

Reynolds Grand Forks 

Richardton Stark 

Richville Logan 

Riga McHenry 

Robinson McLean 

Rocklake Towner 

Rockspring Dunn 

Roger Barnes 

Rolla (c. h.) Rolette 

Roney McLean 

Roosevelt Wells 

Rosebud Morton 

Rosedale Towner 

Roseglen McLean 

Rosehill Cavalier 

Ross Ward 

Ruby N . Nelson 

Rugby (c. h.) Pierce 

Rural Morton 

Russell Bottineau 

Rutland Sargent 

Ryder Ward 

Saginaw Towner 

Saint Anthony Morton 

St. John Rolette 

St. Thomas Pembina 

Saline McHenry 

Sanborn Barnes 

Sandcreek Billings 

Sandoun Ransom 

Sanger Oliver 

Sarnia Walsh 

Sams Bottineau 

Sather Burleigh 

Saunders Cass 

Sawyer Ward 

Schafer McKenzie 



Town County 

Sedan McHenry 

Sentinel Butte Billing^ 

Sergius Bottineau 

Sharlow Stutsman 

Sharon ^ . Steele 

Shawnee Grand Forks 

Sheldon Ransom 

Sherbrooke (c. h.) Steele 

Sherwood . ; Ward 

Sheyenne Eddy 

Skogomo McLean 

Shields Morton 

Sibleybutte Burleigh 

Sidney Towner 

Silverleaf Dickey 

Silvesta Walsh 

Sims Morton 

Slaughter Burleigh 

Sofifn Nelson 

Sombre Bottineau 

Soper Cavalier 

Sorkness Ward 

Souris Bottineau 

South Heart Stark 

Spangler Rolette 

Sperry Richland 

Spiritwood Stutsman 

Spring Brook Williams 

Spring Valley Stutsman 

Squires Williams 

Stanley Ward 

Stanton (c. h.) Mercer 

Star McHenry 

Stark Burleigh 

Starkweather Ramsey 

Steele (c. h.) Kidder 

Sterling Burleigh 

Stevenson Morton 

Stewartsdale Burleigh 

Stillwater Billings 

Stilwell Cavalier 

Stirum Sargent 

Stordale Williams 

Storlie Cavalier 

Strasburg Emmons 

Straubville Sargent 

Stroud McKenzie 

Superior Bottineau 

Surrey Ward 

Strain Morton 

Svold Pembina 

Sweden Ward 

Sweetbriar Morton 

Sykeston Wells 

Tag^us Ward 

Tappen Kidder 

Tarsus Bottineau 

Tasker Ward 

Taylor Stark 

Tell Emmons 

Theed Richland 



286 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Post Offices In North Dakota — Continued. 



Town County 

Thompson Grand Forks 

Thor Bottineau 

Tiffany Eddy 

Tioga Williams 

Tirsbal Emmons 

Tomey Walsh 

Tower City Cass 

Towner (c. h.) McHcnry 

Trier Cavalier 

Trenton Williams 

Trotters Billings 

Truax Williams 

Trygg Burleigh 

Tunbridge Pierce 

Turtle Lake McLean 

Twala Rolette 

Twist Wells 

Tyler Richland 

Tyner Pembina 

Ulness Richland 

Underwood McLean 

Union ^ Cavalier 

University Grand Forks 

Valley City (c. h.) Barnes. 

Vang Cavalier 

Velva McHenry 

Venturia Mcintosh 

Vera Cavalier 

Vesta Walsh 

Verona LaMoure 

Veseley ville Walsh 

Viking Benson 

Villard McHenry 

Voltaire McHenry 

Voss Walsh 

Wade Morton 

Wagar McHenry 

Wanpeton (c. h.) Richland 

Walcott Richland 

Wales Cavalier 

Walhalla Pembina 

Wallace Kidder 

Walter Ward 

Walshville Walsh 

Walun Griggs 

Wamduska Nelson 

Warren Cass 



Town County 

Warsaw Walsh 

Washburn (c h.) McLean 

Watson Cass 

Wayne Ward 

Weaver Cavalier 

Webster Ramsey 

Weible Traill 

Welbv Ward 

Westby Pierce 

Westhope Bottineau 

Westfield Emmons 

Wheatland Cass 

Wheelock Williams 

White Earth Ward 

Whiteaker Williams 

Whitney .; Ward 

Whynot Grand Forks 

Wilbur McKenzie 

Wildrice Cass 

Williston (c. h.) Williams 

Willow City Bottineau 

Wilma Barnes 

Wilton McLean 

Wimbledon Barnes 

Winnifr'ed Ward 

Winchester Emmons 

Windsor Stutsman 

Winona Emmons 

Wiprud McLean 

Wirch Dickey 

Wishek Mcintosh 

Wisner Burleigh 

Wogansport Burleigh 

Woodbridge Cavalier 

Woodhull Richland 

Woods Cass 

Wyndmere \ Richland 

York Benson 

Young Walsh 

Youngtown Morton 

Ypsilanti Stutsman 

Yucca Oliver 

Yule Billings 

Zahl Williams 

Zeeland Mcintosh 

Zenith Stark 

Zion Towner 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



287 



PRESIDENTIAL POST OFFICES. 



City 



Class 



Salary 



City 



Class 



Salary 



Anamoose . . 
x&ticta • • • • • • 

Balfour .... 

•Bismarck . . 
Bottineau . . 
Bowbells . . . 

Cando 

Carrington . . 
Cassclton . . . 

Cavalier 

Churchs Ferry 
Cooperstown . 
Devils Lake . 
Dickinson . . 
Drayton . . 
Edmore . . . . 
Ellendale . . . 
Enderlin . . . 
Fairmount . . 
*Fargo . . 
Fessenden . . 
Grafton . . . . 
•Grand Forks 
Granville . . . 
Hankinson . . 
Harvey . . . . 
Hillsboro . . . 

Hunter — . 
•Jamestown . 

Kenmare 

Kulm 
Lakota . 
LaMoure 
Langdon 



• • • • 



S 
3 
3 
2 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
2 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
1 
3 
3 
1 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
2 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 



$1,200 
1,300 
1,200 
2,400 
1,800 
1,400 
1,700 
1,700 
1,700 
1,100 
1,000 
1,700 
2,200 
1,700 
1,200 
1,200 
1,500 
1,200 
1,000 
3,200 
1,500 
1,000 
3,000 
1,400 
1,400 
1,600 
1,600 
1,400 
1,000 
2,400 
1,700 
1,000 
1,600 
1,400 
1,700 



Larimore .... 

X^CCuS • • • • • • 

Lidgerwood . ( 

Lisbon 

McHenry . . 
Mandan . . . . 
Mayville . . . 
Michigan . . 

Milton 

Minnewaukan 

•Minot 

Minto 

Mohall 

New Rockford 
New Salem . 
Northwood . . 

Oakes 

Omemee . . 
Park River . 
Pembina . . . 

Portal 

Rolla 

Rugby 

Saint Thomas 
Sheldon 
Souris .... 
Towner . . . 
Valley City 
Velva .... 
Wahpeton . 
Walhalla .. 
Washburn . 
Williston . . 
Willow City 
Wilton .... 



• • • • 



• • • « 



3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
2 
3 
3 
3 
8 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
2 
3 
2 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 



1,700 
1,300 
1,500 
1,800 
1,000 
1,900 
1,600 
1,000 
1,200 
1,100 
2,300 
1,000 
1,300 
1,400 
1,200 
1,300 
1,500 
1,000 
1,600 
1,100 
1,100 
1,300 
1,500 
1,100 
1,100 
1,400 
1,300 
2,200 
1,300 
2,200 
1,000 
1,400 
1,500 
1,400 
1,000 



• Free delivery offices. 



NORTH DAKOTA LEGAL WEIGHTS. 



Apples 50 pounds 

Barley 48 pounds 

Beans 60 pounds 

Bran ... 20 pounds 

Bromus inermus ... 14 pounds 

Buckwheat 42 pounds 

Beets 60 pounds 

Broom corn 30 pounds 

Corn, shelled 56 pounds 

Corn in the car 70 pounds 

Clover seed 60 pounds 

Coal , stone 80 pounds 

Flax seed 56 pounds 



Lime 80 pounds 

Millet 50 pounds 

Oats 32 pounds 

Onions 52 pounds 

Potatoes , Irish 60 pounds 

Potatoes, sweet .... 46 pounds 

Peas 60 pounds 

Rye 56 pounds 

Salt 80 pounds 

Speltz 40 pounds 

Turnips 60 pounds 

Timothy seed 45 pounds 

Wheat 60 pounds 



*r 



288 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



ALTITUDES IN NORTH DAKOTA. 

Feet. 

Bathgate 821 

Belfield 2,577 

Bismarck 1,677 

Bismarck (Missouri river, low water) 1 ,616 

Bottineau 1,644 

Burlington ...» 1,585 

Butte St. Paul, Turtle Mountains (about) 2 ,300 

Cando - 1,490 

Carrington 1 , 584 

Casselton 930 

Churchs Ferry 1,461* 

Cooperstown 1 , 428 

Coteau de Missouri 2 , 400 

Gladstone 2,346 

Glenullin 2,070 

Devils Lake a 1 , 467 

Dickinson • 2 , 403 

DriscoU 1,835 

Fargo 903 

Fessenden 1 , 607 

Ft. Berthold 1,773 

Grafton 824 

Grand Forks 826 

Grand Harbor 1,460 

Harvey 1 , 596 

Hillsboro 901 

Jamestown 1 , 408 

Kenmare 1 ,792 

Lakota 1,514 

LaMoure t 1 , 403 

Langdon 1 ,610 

Larimore 1 , 134 

Leeds 1,519 

Lisbon 1 , 091 

Little Missouri 2,255 

Mandan 1 , 644 

Milton 1,586 

Minnewaukan 1 , 461 

Minot 1,558 

Park River 998 

Pembina 753 

Portal 1,952 

Richardton 2,464 

Rugby ; 1,567 

Sentinel Butte 2,707 

Sheyenne river bed , N. P. crossing 1 , 409 

Sims 1 , 960 

Steele 1,857 

St. Johns 1 ,950 

Valley City 1,227 

Velva 1,516 

Wahpeton 965 

Williston 1,950 

Willow City '1,478 

Winnipeg (Manitoba) 750 

Many of these elevations were taken at railroad levels at the re- 
spective places. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 289 

INSURANCE COMPA)NIE8 DOING BUSINESS IN 

NORTH DAKOTA. 

FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES. 

Aetna Fire Insurance Company. 

British American Assurance Company. 

British America Insurance Cottvpany. 

Citizens* Fire Insurance Company. 

Commercial Union Assurance Company. 

Connecticut Fire Insurance Company. 

Continental Fire Insurance Company. 

Fire Association of Philadelphia. 

Fireman's Fund Insurance Company. 

German Alliance Insurance Company. 

German American Insurance Company. 

Germania Fire Insurance Company. 

Hanover Fire Insurance Company. 

Hartford Fire Insurance Company. 

Home Fire Insurance Company. 

Insurance Company of North America. 

Liverpool & London & Globe of New York. 

Liverpool & London & Globe of England. 

Moscow Fire Insurance Company. 

National Fire of Hartford. 

Niagara Fire Insurance Company. 

Northwestern Fire and Marine Insurance Company. 

Northern Assurance Company. 

North British and Mercantile Insurance Company. 

Norwich Union Insurance Company. 

Palatine Insurance Company. 

Pennsylvania Fire Insurance Company. 

Phenix Fire of Brooklyn. 

Phoenix Assurance Company of London. 

Phoenix Insurance Company of Hartford. 

Providence Washington Insurance Company. 

Queen Fire Insurance Company. 

Royal Fire Insurance Company. 

Springfield Fire and Marine Insurance Company. 

St. Paul Fire and Marine Insurance Company. 

Sun Insurance Office. 

Traders of Chicago Company. 

Western Assurance Company. 

COUNTY MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANIES. 

Barnes County Farmers' Insurance Company. 

Cavalier County Mutual Insurance Company. 

Dundee Walsh County Farmers' Mutual Insurance Company. 

Cass County Farmers' Mutual Insurance Company. 

Nelson County Farmers* Mutual Insurance Company. 

Sargent and Ransom Counties Farmers' Mutual Insurance Company. 

Steele County Farmers Mutual Insurance Company. 

Traill County Farmers' Mutual Insurance Company. 

Greenfield Mutual Insurance Compamr. 

Richland County Home Insurance Company. 

Tames River Valley Mutual Insurance Company. 

Kenmare Farmers* Mutual Insurance Company. 

Morton-Oliver Counties Mutual Insurance Company. 

Pembina County Mutual Insurance Company. 

Skandinavian Farmers* Mutual Insurance Company. 

Walle Farmers* Insurance Company. 

Walsh County Farmers* Mutual Insurance Company. 

Blae BcMik— 21 



290 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES. 

Aetna Life Insurance Company. 

Bankers' Reserve Life Insurance Company. 

Bankers* Life Association. 

Equitable Life Assurance Company. 

Fidelity Mutual Life Insurance Company. 

Germania Life Insurance Company. 

Home Life Insurance Company. 

Manhattan Life Insurance Company. 

Minnesota Mutual Life Insurance Company. 

Minnesota Scandinavian Relief Association. 

Missouri State Life Insurance Company. 

Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company. 

Mutual Life Insurance Company. 

Mutual Reserve Life Insurance Company. 

National Life of United States of America. 

New York Life Insurance Company. 

Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Company. 

Northwestern National Life Insurance Company. 

Phoenix Mutual Life Insurance Company. 

Provident Saving Life Insurance Company. 

Prudential Insurance Company. 

Reliance Life Insurance Company. 

State Life Insurance Company. 

Standard Life and Accident Insurance Compa:»y. 

Sccuiity Mutual Life Insurance Company. 

Suiety'Fund Life Insurance Jompa.iv. 

Travelers' Life Insurance Company. 

Union Central Life Insurance Company. 

Washington Life Insurance Company. 

FRATERNAL BENEFICIARY ASSOCLATIONS. 

Ancient Order United Workmen. 

Bankers' Union. 

Brotherhood American Yeomen. 

Commercial Travelers' Association. 

Catholic Order Foresters. 

Court of Honor. 

Degree of Honor. 

Fraternal Union. 

Improved Order Heptasophs. 

Independent Order Foresters. 

Independent Scandinavian Workingmen's Association. 

Knights of the Maccabees. 

Knights of Pythias. 

Locomotive Engineers. 

Ladies of the Maccabees. 

Loyal Americans. 

Modern Brotherhood. 

Modern Samaritans. 

Modern Woodmen. 

National Protective Legion. 

National Union. 

Royal Arcanum. 

Royal Neighbors. 

Sons of Norway. 

Tribe of Ben Hur. 

United Order of Foresters. 

Western Masons' Mutual. 

Woodmen of the World. 

Western Bohemian Catholic Union. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 291 

STATE MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES. 

Commercial Mutual Insurance Company. 
Equitable Mutual Insurance Company, 
Evangelical Mutual Insurance Company. 
Implement Dealers' Mutual Insurance Company. 
Merchants' State Mutual Insurance Company. 
Merchants' National Mutual Insurance Company. 
Merchants* Mutual Insurance Company. 
North Dakota Mutual Insurance Company. 
Northwest German Farmers* Insurance Company. 

HAIL INSURANCE COMPANIES. 

Alliance Hail A^ociation. 

LaMoure County Mutual Insurance Company. * 

Northwestern Fire & Marine Insurance Company. 

St. Paul Fire & Marine Insurance Company. 

ACCIDENT, PLATE GLASS, FIDELITY, EMPLOYERS* LIA- 
BILITY AND SURETY INSURANCE COMPANIES. 

Aetna Accident Insurance Company. 

Aetna Indemnity Insurance Company. 

American Bonding Company. 

American Surety Company. 

Continental Casualty Company. 

Employers' Liability Assurance Company. 

Fidelity and Casualty Company. 

Fidelity and Deposit Company. 

Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection Company. 

Lloyd's Plate Glass insurance Company. 

Metropolitan Plate Glass Insurance Company. 

Maryland Casualty Company. 

National Surety Company. 

New York Plate Glass Insiurance Company. 

Northern Trust Company. 

Ocean Accident and Guarantee Company. 

Travelers' Accident. 

Title Guaranty and Trust Company. 

United States Fidelity and Guaranty Company. 



NEWSPAPERS IN NORTH DAKOTA. 

BARNES. 

Alliance '....Valley City Frank Ployhar 

North Dakota Patriot . . . Valley City G. B. Vallandigham 

Times-Record Valley City S. A. Nye 

Enterprise Sanborn Wm. McKean & Son 

News Wimbledon Will Stevens 

Herald Fingal Albert O. Wold 

Bulletin Litchville W. A. Wells 

Star Kathryn Iverson & Abrahamsen 

News Valley City W. F. DuVall 

BENSON. 

Reporter Oberon E. E. Saunders 

North Dakota Siftings . . Minnewaukon Wm. Miller 

Bee Esmond Allison Bros 

Advocate Knox P. K. Bidne 



292 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Newspapers in North Dakota— Continued. 

BENSON— Continued. 

York Ledger York J. F. DoUn 

News Leeds A. J. F. Voigt 

Standard Maddock W. Stanley 

BILLINGS. 

Republican Sentinel Butte W. A. Shear 

BOTTINEAU. 

North Dakota Eagle Willow City T. C. Michael 

Bottineau Courant Bottineau John F. Haskett 

Herald Omcmee F. E. Farrell 

Republican Souris O. H. Lomen 

Times Lansford Guy L. Scott 

Standard Westhope A. J. Drake 

News Bottineau F. C. Falkenstein 

American Antler A. J. Drake 

Sentinel Russell Dan B. McGovem 

Independent Lansford Evans & Berg 

BURLEIGH. 

Tribune Bismarck M. H. Jewell 

Settler Bismarck Settler Pub. Co. 

Palladium Bismarck A. Rolling 

CASS. 

Express Buffalo Bcnj. Stoelting 

Herald Hunter F. Mitchell 

Tribune Kindred O. A. Bergcson 

Eagle Wheatland W. Irysh 

Forum Fargo A. W. Edwards and H. C. Plumley 

Call Fargo J. J. Jordan 

Reporter Casselton Franklin Potter 

Eye Casselton C. E. Stone 

Topics Tower City H. H. Roberts 

White Ribbon Fargo 

Chronicle Grandin Chas. W. Sibley 

Record Page W. L. Brown 

Fram Fargo Fram Pub. Co. 

Blue and Gold Fargo Fargo College 

Spectrum Fargo Agricultural College 

Record Fargo C. A. Lounsberry 

Morton's Daily Bulletin. . Fargo Morton & Page 

Die Staats-Presse Fargo Gross Bros. 

High School Cynosure . . Fargo Edwin Clapp 

North Dakotan Fargo Newman & Kane 

The Journal Fargo W. H. Smethurst 

Northwestern Farmer- . . Fargo N. D. Pub. Co. 

CAVALIER. 

Globe Milton O. T. Rishoff 

CavaHer Co. RepubH'^an Langdon A. E. Lindstrom 

Moon • Hannah S. J. A. Boyd 

Courier-Democrat Langdon A. I. Koehmstedt 

Independent Osnabrock .' Fred A. Bailey 

Herald Munich E. N. Crary 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 293 

Newspapers in North Dakota — Ck)nitliiued. 

DICKEY. 

Republican Oakes A. R. Wright 

Leader Ellendale F. S. Goddard 

Record Ellendale H. H. Perry 

EDDY. 

Transcript New Rockf ord Olsen & Maddux 

Star Sheyenne C. C. Manning 

Provost New Rockford P. M. Maftson 

EMMONS. 

Emmons Co. Republican Hazelton Thurston & Gcil 

Emmons Co. Record .... Linton D. R. Strecter 

Advocate Linton . . . . ' C. A. Patterson 

News Braddock B. G. McElroy 

FOSTER. 

Independent Carrington G. H. & L. K. Estabrook 

Tribune McHenry A. L. Lowden 

Record Carrington S. A. Lewis 

Free Press McHenry W. W. West 

GRIGGS. 

Courier Cooperstown P. R. Trubshaw 

Sentinel Cooperstown H. S. Rearick 

Times Binford Theo. K. Curry 

Enterprise Hannaford J. B. Arbogast 

GRAND FORKS. 

Herald Grand Forks •. . . Geo. B. Winship 

Courier Grand Forks W. H. Alexander 

Evening Press Grand Forks C. A. McCann 

Normanden Grand Forks P. O. Thorson 

Pioneer Larimore H. F. Arnold 

Gleaner Northwood D. L. Campbell 

Times- Vidette Inkster F. C. Nye 

Enterprise Reynolds James G. McKinney 

KIDDER. 

Ozone Steele H. S. Wood 

LAMOURE. 

Chronicle LaMoure Warren & Taylor 

Mail Edgeley T. M. Hancock 

Messenger Kulm A. B. Malin 

Reporter Dickey Warner & Parker 

Sentinel Marion A. V. Bush 

LOGAN. 

Homestead Napoleon O. F. Bryant 



294 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Newspapers in North Dakota — Conitlnued. 

M'HENRY. 

McHcnry Co. Journal . . . Velva Stafiford & Son 

News and Stockman . . . Towner J. L. Killion 

Record Granville E. T. Picrson 

Progress Anamoose W. Tinker 

Statesman Balfour E. E. Cowell 

Post Berwick R. F. Lcppla 

Promoter Denbigh L. W. Pierson 

Leader Balfour E. A. Valiant 

News Drake M. V. B. Schribncr 

Item Norwich W. C. Mitchell 

Herald Granville C. H. Peck 

Enterprise Deering Jackman & Barnes 

Star Upham B. H. Miller 

M'INTOSH. 

Republican Ashley L. Grueninjojer 

News Wishek A. P. Guy 

Tribune Ashley E. T. Clyde 

M'LEAN. 

Leader Washburn John Satterland 

News Wilton E. A. Hull 

Voice Denhoff Ed. X. Moore 

Miner Underwood Jefferson & McCulloch 

Flickertail Flicker Goodrich W. T. Wasson 

Citizen Goodrich W. J. Burt 

Times Coal Harbor Times Pub. Co. 

Wave Turtle Lake E. J. Jones 

Searchliprht McClusky Nelson & Moore 

Gazette Lamont Wm. M. Potter 

Journal Garrison L. . Tinker 

Independent Robinson John S. Johnson 

MERCER. 
Journal Mannhaven' O. A. Schreibcr 

MORTON. 

Pioneer Mandan Tuttle & Gilbreath 

Independent Mandan Frank Wilder 

Times Mandan A. M. Packard 

Die Wacht am Missouri. New Salem G. F. Weinreick 

News Glen Ullin Wallace R. Hall 

Hustler Flasher Mrs. F. S. Berrier 

Herald New Salem Syvert Williamson 

Republican Mandan Republican Pub. Co. 

Peutscher Pioneer New Salem Bernhard Oppenheim 

NELSON. 

Observer Lakota J. S. Metcalf 

Herald Lakota E. H. Kent 

Panorama Aneta M. E. Sperry 

American Lakota A. M. Beveridge 

OLIVER. 
Republican Center Chas. L. Wright 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 295 



Newspapers in North Dakota — Ooiutiiiued. 

PEMBINA. 

Pioneer Express Pembina Wardwcll & Thompson 

Times St. Thomas Grant S. Hagcr 

Pink Paptr Bathgate F. A. Willson 

Echo Drayton C. L. Fairchild 

Cavalier Chronicle Cavalier J. K. Fairchild 

Chronotype Neche .• H. H. Lampman 

Mountainer Walhalla Chas. H. Lee 

Call Crystal J. A. Minder 

Independent Hamilton H. P. Wood 

PIERCE. 

Tribune Rugby Bingham & Stover 

Optimist Rugby Luther H. Bratton 

RAMSEY. 

Sun Churches Ferry G. C. Chambers 

News Devils Lake Phil H. Short 

Free Press Devils Lake Ed, A. Smith 

Inter-Ocean Devils Lake Hansbrotigh & Small 

Herald-News Edmore E. M. Crary 

Public Opinion Crary Edgar Anderson 

Times Starkweather Simpson & Resler 

Reporter Hampden i, A. P. Blonde 

Journal Devils Lake Journal Pub. Co 

RANSOM. 

Gazette^ ' Lisbon Backland & Schomer 

Progress Sheldon M. B. De la Bere 

Free Press Lisbon C. E. Boyden 

Independent Enderlin .^ C. H. Potter 

The Rotary Lisbon .* W. C. Crocker 

Westland Educator .... Lisbon W. C. Crocker 

Enterprise McLeod A. B. Johnson 

RICHLAND. 

Globe Wahpeton Fred Falley 

Gazette Wahpeton R. J. Hughes 

Times Wahpeton E. D. Knotts 

News Fairmount B. W. Clabaugh 

News Hankinson W. C. Forman, Jr 

Reporter Walcott Geo. Van Amtmi 

Broadaxe Lidgerwood John Andrews 

Monitor Lidgerwood Monitor Co. 

Pioneer Wyndmere C. G. Klenzing 

Herald Abercrombie A. K. Tweto 

Eagle Christine Thos. Larkins 

ROLETTE. 

Turtle Mountain Star . . Rolla W. J. Hoskins 

Herald Rolla A. O. Graham 

Magnet Dunseith H. T. Willcy 

SARGENT. 

Teller Milnor Roy V. Fyles 

Mistletoe DeLamere A. P. Layton 



296 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Newspapers in North Dakota — Continued. 

SARGENT— Continued. 

Independent Forman Wra. Hurly 

News Forman J. H. Maltby 

Enterprise Gogswell T. A. Haigh 

STARK. 

Press Dickinson M. L. Ayers 

Recorder Dickinson W. A. Carter 

Der Volksf reund t)ickinson Thos. L. Rabsteinek 

Dakota Volksbote Dickinson 

STEELE. 

Tribune Sherbrooke Chas. G. Boise 

Beacon Finley G. A. Monteith 

Pioneer Hope J. A. Pepper 

Reporter Sharon Albert O. Paulson 

STUTSMAN. 

Alert Tamestown W. R. Kellogg 

Capital Tamestown Burgster & McElroy 

Gazette Courtenay Geo. Farries 

Patriot Pingree Thos. Price 

Citizen Medina Medina Pub. Co 

Herald Cleveland Herald Ptg. Co. 

Leader Medina Leader Printine: Co. 

Democrat Jamestown ■ M. P. Morris 

Journal Kensal — . Dudley 

TOWNER. 

Journal Perth .* D. J. Keefe 

Gazette Bisbee Gores & Egeland 

Record Cando F. D. Davis 

Herald Cando James Fogerty 

Democrat Cando Carl Nelson 

Blade Ellison W. J. Lichty 

TRAILL. 

Banner Hjllsboro Alvin Schmitt 

Statstidende Hillsboro Kjettel Knutson 

Tribune Mayville Lsrin Bros. 

Goose River Farmer . . . Mayville J. M. Stewart 

Republican ; Portland John Lindelien 

Blade Hillsboro Geo. Weatherhead 

WALSH. 

Walsh County Record . . Grafton E. H. Pierce 

News and Times Grafton S. E. Bates 

Gazette-News Park River F. J. Prochaaka 

Journal Minto W. S. Mitchell 

Tribune Edinburg G. S. Breidfjord 

Republican Park River C. C. Doty 

Times Fairdale C. S. Iverson 

Budget Sarles Mrs. R. B. Dougherty 



.STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 

Newipapera In North Dakota— GontlDued. 
WARD. 



Optic 


Minot 


HIener & Palmer 








n™> ■ 




Gny & Corbett 
































Eagle 














































News 


RydeT 


M 


























Observer 

New6 


De» Laci -. . . . 


■.■■.. 'i'sVPatterson/jr. 








?;£.;■■;■;■ 


:::;:: gsS- .■::::;:::;:■ 


Ware & Hage 


SS5d\-.-..,v.v. 


WELLS. 


W, A. Stickloy 


Guardian 

Free Press 

Trlbooe 

Joi'-nal 


g|an-;;.-,\-.:.':: 

WILLIAMS. 


Katberlne Lewis 

'.'.'.'.'.'.'."v. E."jobnMn 
L. Tinker 


j"b\mt".'.'.'.'-'.'.'.'. 


'.'.','.'.'. Ytnfo^°. '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 


A. L. Butler 

.... W. R. Mumby, St 

Alfred F„ Hughes 

. . J. W. Malonej i Co. 


Trilnine 


Wbeelotk 


Ga«t>e 


Tioga 


F. B. Miller 



98 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



CENSUS STATISTICS. 



Population of North Dakota by Counties. 

TABLE 1.— POPULATION OF NORTH DAKOTA, 1860 TO 1900. 



Census Years 



Population 



^Increase 



Number 



Per Cent 



1900 
1890 
1880 
1870 
1860 



(1) 
(1) 
(2) 



319,146 

182,719 

36,900 

2,405 

4,837 



136,427 

145,810 

34,504 



74.7 

395.1 

1,434.7 



(1) Approximate population of present area of North Dakota. 

(2) Dakota territory. 

The population of the state in 1900 was 319,146 as compared with 
a population in 1890 of 182,719, showing an increase during the last 
ten years of 136,427, or 74^.7 per cent. A small portion of this in- 
crease is due to the fact that there were 7,980 Indians and 284 other 
persons, or a t6tal of 8,264 persons, on Indian reservations, etc., 
in North Dakota, who were specially enumerated in 1890 under the 
provisions of the census act, but were included in the general popu- 
lation of the state at that census. That part of the territory of 
Dakota which now constitutes the state of North Dakota, had an 
approximate population in 1870 of 2,405, and in 1880 of -36,909, the 
increase from 1870 to 1880 having been 34,504, or 1,434.7 per cent, 
and from 1889 to 1890, 145,810, or 391.1 per cent. 

The population of North Dakota in 1900 was nearly nine times as 
large as that given for 1880. 

The total land surface of North Dakota is approximately 70,195 
square miles, the average number of persons to the square mile at 
the censuses of 1890 and 1900 being as follows: 1890, 2.6; 1900, 4.5. 

Table 2 shows the population of North Dakota by counties at each 
census from 1870 to 1900 inclusive, while table 3, which immediately 
follows, shows, for each county, the increase (or decrease) by number 
and per cent during the ten years from 1890 to 1900. 



TABLE 2.- 



-POPULATION OF NORTH DAKOTA BY COUNTIES: 

1870 TO 1900. 



Counties 



The state . 

Aired (2) 
Barnes .... 
Benson (3) 
Billings (4) 
Bottineau • 




1890 



1880 



1870 



182.719 1(1) 36,909 | (1) 2,405 



13,159 

8,320 

975 

7,532 



7,045 

2,460 

170 

2,893 



1,585 
1,323 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



299 



TABLE 2— Continued. 



Counties 



1900 



1890 



1880 



1870 



Bowman (6) . . . 

BuforU (7) 

Burleigh 

Cavalier (8) ... 

Church (9) 

De Smet (10) . . 

Dickey (11) 

Dunn (12) 

Eddy (13) 

Emmons 

Flannery (7) . . - 

Foster (14) 

Garfield (15) ... 
Grand Forks (16) 

Griggs (17) 

Hettinger (18) . 
Howard (19) ... 
Kidder 



6,081 
28,625 
12,580 



6,061 

aisso 

4,349 

"3^770 

24,459 
4,744 



1,754 



6 

803 

4,247 

19,613 

6,471 

74 

5,573 

159 

1,377 

1,871 

72 
1,210 

33 

18,357 

2,817 

81 

i",2ii 



3,246 
8,998 



38 

37 

6,248 



12 

89 



(I) Total population for Dakota territory in 1880, 135,177, 1870, 
14,184; 1860, 4,837. The population of the remaining; counties in 
1880 and 1870 is given under South Dakota; no county organization 
in 1860. 

(2 Organized from part of Howard in 1883; part annexed to Bil- 
lings in 1897, and part taken to form part of Williams since 1890. 

(3) Organized from parts of De Smet and Ramsey in 1883. 

(4) Part taken to form Bowman in 1883; Bowman, McKenzie and 
part of Aired annexed in 1897. 

(5) Part of Renville annexed in 1897. 

(6) Organized from part of Billings in 1883; annexed to Billings 
in 1897. 

(7) Organized from part of Wallette in 1883; part taken to form 
part of Williams since 1890. 

(8) Towner organized from parts of Cavalier and Rolette in 
1883. 

(9) Organized from parts of McHenry and Sheridan in 1887; 
annexed to McHenry, McLean and Pierce since 1890. 

(10) Name changed from French in 1875; taken to form Pierce 
in 1887 and part of Benson in 1888. 

(II) Dickey organized from part of LaMoure in 1881. 

(12) Organized from part of Howard in 1883; annexed to Stark 
in 1897. 

(13) Organized from part of Foster in 1885. 

(14) P^rts taken to form Eddy in 1885, part of Griggs in 1881, 
and part of Nelson in 1883. 

(16) Organized from part of Stevens in 1885, annexed to McLean 
in 1891. 

(16) Parts taken to form parts of Walsh in 1881 and Nelson in 
1883. 

(17) Organized from parts of Foster and Traill in 1881; part taken 
to form part of Steele in 1883. 

(18) Organized from part of Stark in 1883; annexed to Stark in 
1897. 

(19) Taken to form Aired, Dunn, McKenzie and Wallace in 
1883. 



300 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



TABLE 2— Continued. 



Counties 


1900 


1890 


1880 1870 


LaMoure (11) ...*. 

Logan (20) 

McHenry (21) 

Mcintosh (20) 

McKenzie (22) 

McLean (23) 

Mercer (24) 

Morton 

Mountraille (25) . . 

Nelson (26) 

Oliver (27) 

Pembina (28) 

Pierce (29) 

Ramsey (30) 

Ransom (31 ) 

Renville (32) 


6,048 
1,625 
5,253 
4,818 


3,187 

597 

1,584 

3,148 

3 

960 

428 

4,728 

122 

4,293 

464 

14,334 

905 

4,418 

5,393 

99 

10,751 

2,427 

5,076 

5 

2,304 

3,777 

16 


20 

200 
13 

4,862 

281 
537 

3,567 
247 




4,791 

1,778 
8,069 

7,316 
990 
17,869 
4,765 
9,198 
6,919 


1,213 


Richland (33) 

Rolette (8) 

Sargent (34) 

Sheridan (35) 


17,387 
7,995 
6,039 




Stark (36) 

Steele (37) 

Stevens (38) 


7,621 

5,888 









(11) Dickey organized from part of LaMoure in 1881. 

(20) Mcintosh organized from part of Logan in 1883. 

(21) Part taken to form part of Church in 1887; part of Church 
annexed since 1890. 

(22) Organized from part of Howard in 1883; annexed to Billings 
in 1897. 

(23) Organized from part of Stevens in 1883; Garfield and Sheri- 
dan annexed in 1891 and parts of Church and Stevens annexed since 
1890. 

(24) Part taken to form Oliver in 1885; part of Williams an- 
nexed since 1890. 

(25) Annexed to Ward in 1891. 

(26) Organized from parts of poster, Grand Forks and Ramsey 
in 1883. 

(27) Organized from part of Mercer in 1885. 

(28) Part taken to form part of Walsh in 1881. 

(29) Organized from part of De Smet in 1887; part of Church 
annexed since 1890. 

(30) Parts taken to form parts of Benson and Nelson in 1883. 

(31) Part taken to form part of Sargent in 1883. 

(32) Part taken to form part of Ward in 1885; annexed to Bot- 
tineau and Ward in 1897. 

(33) Part of Sisseton^and Wahpeton Indian reservation annexed 
between 1880 and 1890. 

(8) Towner organized from parts of Cavalier and Rolette in 1883. 

(34) Organized from parts of Ransom county and Sisseton and 
Wahpeton Indian reservation in 1883. 

(35) Part taken to form part of Church in 1887; annexed to Mc- 
Lean in 1891. 

(36) Part taken to form Hettinger in 1883; Dunn, Hettinger and 
Wallace annexed in 1897, and part of Williams annexed since 1890. 

(37) Organized from parts of Griggs and Traill in 1888. 

(88) Parts taken to form McLean in 1883, and Garfield and part 
of Ward in 1885; parts annexed to McLean and Ward since 1890. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



301 



TABLE 2— Continued. 



Counties 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1870 


Stutsman 

Towner (8) 

Traill (39) 

Wallace (12) 


9,148 

6,491 

13,107 


5,266 

1,450 

10,217 

24 


1,007 

4,123 

432 

14 




Wallette (40) 






Walsh (41) 

Ward (42) 

Wells (43) 

Williams (*4) 

Williams (45) 

Standing Rock In- 
dian reservation 
(part of) (47) .. 

Unorganized territ'y 




20,288 
7,961 
8,310 

• •••••••• 

1,530 
2,208 


16,587 

1,681 

1,212 

109 

(46) 511 


(48) 1,192 







(39) Parts taken to form part of Griggs in 1881 and part of Steele 
in 1883. 



(40) 
(41) 
1881. 
(42) 



Taken to form Buford and Flannery in 1885. 
Organized from parts of Grand Forks and 



Pembina in 



Organized from parts of Renville and Stevens in 1885; 
Mountraille annexed in 1891, part of Renville annexed in 1897, and 
part of Stevens annexed since 1890. 

(43) Name changed from Gingras in 1881. 

Annexed to Mercer and Stark since 1890. 

Organized from Buford, Flannery and part of Aired since 



(44) 
(45) 
1890. 
(46) 



Population of Fort Yates and Standing Rock Indian agency 
exclusive of reservation Indians. 

(47) Can not be located by counties. For population of re- 
mainder of reservation see figures for South Dakota. Formerly part 
of Bowman, Dakota territory. Returned in 1890 as unorganized ter- 
ritory. 

(48) Of the population of the unorganized territory in Dakota 
in 1870 (2,091), 1,191 is estimated to have been within the present 
limits of North Dakota. 



TABLE NO. 3-INCREASE IN POPULATION OF 
DAKOTA BY COUNTIES— 1890 TO 1900. 



NORTH 



Counties 


Increase 


Number 


Per Cent 


The state 


136,427 


74.7 



Barnes . , 
Benson . 
Billings . 
Bottineau 
Bowman 
Buford . 
Burleigh 
Cass . . . . 



6,114 


86.8 


5,860 


238.2 


805 


473.5 


4,639 


160.4 


(1) 6 




(1) 803 




1,834 


43.2 


9,012 


45.9 



302 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



TABLE 3— Continued. 



Counties 



Cavalier 

Church 

Dickey 

Dunn ., 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Flannery 

Foster 

Garfield 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Hettinger 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McKenzie 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Mountraille ^ 

Nplsoii J, 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Renville 

Richland . . < 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Sheridan 

Stark 

Steele 

Stevens 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Trdill 

Wallace 

Walsh 

W^rd 

Wells 

Williams 

Williams 

Standing Rock Indian reservation (part of) 





Increase 


Number 


Per Cent 




6,109 


94.4 


(1) 


74 






488 


8.8 


(1) 


159 






1,953 


141.8 




2,378 


120.6 


(1) 


72 






2,560 


.211.6 


(1) 


33 






6,102 


33.2 




1,927 


68.4 


(1) 


81 






643 


44.8 




2,861 


•89.8 




1,028 


152.2 




3,669 


231.6 




1,570 


48.3 


(1) 


3 






3,931 


457.1 




1,350 


315.4 




3,341 


70.7 


(1) 


122 






3,023 


70.4 




526 


113.4 




3,535 


24.7 




3,860 


426.5 




4,780 


108.2 




1,526 


28.3 


(1) 


99 






6,636 


61.7 




5,568 


229.4 




963 


19.0 


(1) 


5 






5,317 


230.8 




2,111 


55.9 


(1) 


16 






3,877 


73.6 




5,041 


347.7 




2,890 


28.3 


(1) 


24 






3,701 


22.3 




6,280 


373.6 




7,098 


585.6 


(1) 


109 
1,530 






1,697 


332.1 



(1) Decrease; county abolished. 

The following territorial changes in the counties of North Dakota 
have been made since 1890: Present county of Williams organized 
from Buford, Flannery and part of Aired; part of Aired annexed 
to Billings and part taken to form part of Williams; Bowman and 
McKenzie annexed to Billings; Buford and Flannery taken to form 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



303 



part of Williams; Church annexed to McHenry, McLean and Pierce; 
Dunn, Hettinger and Wallace annexed to Stark*; Garfield and Sheridan 
annexed to McLean; Mountraille annexed to Ward; Renville annexed 
to Bottineau and Ward; Stevens annexed to McLean and Ward; and 
former county of Williams annexed to Mercer and Stark. 
^ Of the thirty-nine counties in the state all have increased in popula- 
tion during the decade, the counties showing more than 200 per 
cent of increase being Wells. 585.6 per -cent; Billings, 473.5 per cent; 
McLean, 457.1 per cent; Pierce, 426.5 per cent; Ward, 373.6 per 
cent; Towner, 347.7 per cent; Mercer, 315.4 per cent; Benson, 238.2 
per cent; McHenry, 231.6 per cent; Stark, 230.8 per cent; Rolette 
229.4 per cent; and Foster, 211.6 per cent. 



* State supreme cnurt decision in 1902 decided act of 1897, chang* 
ing boundaries of Stark county, unconstitutional, and original boun- 
daries were restored. 



POPULATION OF NORTH DAKOTA TOWNS AND 

CITIES, 1890 AND 1900. 

(Since the 1900 census many towns and cities have doubled in 
population, and new towns, some of them of great commercial im- 
portance, have sprung up in the northern and western part of the 
state. Synopsis of the state census of 1905 appears in the back part of this 
book.) 



Cities, Towns and Villages 



Population 




Ardoch town 

Bismarck 

Bottineau town 

Buffalo village 

Cando town 

Canton town 

Casselton city 

Cavalier town 

Churchs Ferry village 

Conway village 

Cooperstown village . 

Crystal city 

Davenport village . . . . 
Devils Lake city .... 

Dickinson city 

Drayton town 

Edgeley village 

Edinburg village 

Ellendale city 

Enderlin city 

Fairmount village . . . 

Fargo city 

Forest River village . 

Forman town 

Grafton city 

Grand Forks city .... 

Hamilton town 

Hankinson village . . . . 
Hatton village 



298 
3,319 

888 

ns 

1,061 
98 

1,207 
671 
264 
216 
648 
385 
245 

1,729 

2,076 
688 
306 
286 
750 
636 
284 

9,589 
252 
257 

2,378 

7,652 
224 
713 
430 



214 
2,186 
145 
177 
200 

840 



368 



846 
987 
318 



761 

91 
5,664 

178 
1,594 
4,979 

257 



■J -J 



^ » "* 






304 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Population of North Dakota Towns and Cities. 1890 and 

1900 — Continued. 



Population 



Cities. Towns and Villages 




Hillsboro city 

Hoople village 

Hope village 

Hunter village 

Jamestown city 

Kulm village 

Lakota village 

LaMoure village — 

Langdon city 

Larimore city 

Leeds village 

Lidgerwood village . 

Lisbon city 

Mandan city 

Mapleton village . . . 

Mayville city 

Michigan village . . . 

Milnor town 

Milton village 

Minnewaukan village 

Minot village 

Minto village 

New Salem village 
Northwood city . . . , 

Oakes city 

Park River city . . . 

Pembina city 

Pisek village 

Portland town 

Reynolds city 

Rolla village 

Rugbv village 

St. Thomas town . . 
Sanborn village . . . . 

Sheldon town 

Steele city 

Tower City village 

Towner town 

Valley City 

Wahpeton city 

Walhalla city 

Williston city 

Willow City 

Wimbledon village . . 



1,172 
174 
606 
407 

2,853 
463 
576 
4S7 

1,188 

1,235 
349 
585 

1,046 

1,658 
322 

1,106 
309 
322 
384 
432 

1,277 
860 
229 
tJ97 
688 

1,088 
929 
132 
524 
389 
400 
487 
661 
259 
Sl8 
185 
468 
831 

2,446 

2,228 
377 
763 
476 
226 



715 

238 

194 

2,296 

227 
309 
291 
553 



935 

1,328 

119 

657 

279 
202 

575 

467 

268 
379 
534 
670 

367 

255 

477 
227 
253 
133 
309 
211 
1,089 
1,518 



Of the above named seventy-three incorporated places there were nine- 
teen which had more than 1,000 inhabitants in 1900; of these eleven 
had less than 2,000; six had more than 2,000 but less than 6,000 and 
two had more than 5,000, namely. Grand Forks with 7,652 and Fargo 
with 9,589 inhabitants. 

William R. Merriam, 

Director of Census. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



305 



POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES BY STATES, 

1890 and 1900. 



States 



1900 


1890 


Indians 
Not Taxed 


1,828,097 


1,618,017 




1.311,664 


1,138,170 




1,485,053 


1,208,130 


1,549 


639,700 


412,198 


697 


908,856 


746,268 




• 184,735 


168,493 




628,642 


391,422 




2,216,829 


1,837.358 




161,771 


84,385 


2,297 


4,821,660 


3,826,351 




2,616,468 


2,192,404 




2,254,829 


1,911,896 




1,469,496 


1,427,096 




2,147,174 


1,858,635 




1,381,627 


1.118,587 




694,366 


661,086. 




1,189,946 


1,042,390 




2,805,346 


2,238,943 




2,119,782 


2,093,889 




1,751,395 


1,301,826 


1,768 


1,551,372 


1,289,600 




3,107,117 


2,679,184 




243,289 


132,159 


10,746 


1,068,901 


1,058,910 




42,334 


45,761 


1,666 


411,688 


876,530 




1,883,669 


1,444,933 




7,268,009 


5,997,853 


4,711 


1,891,992 


1,617,947 




319,040 


182,719 


4,692 


4,157,545 


8,672,316 




413,532 


313,767 




6,301,365 


5,258,014 




428,556 


345,506 




1,340,312 


1,151,149 




401,558 


328,808 


10,932 


2,022,723 


1,767,518 




3,048,828 


2,235,523 




276,565 


207,905 


1,472 


343,641 


332,422 




1,854,184 


1,655,980 




517,672 


349,390 


2,531 


958,900 


762,790 




1 2,068,963 


1,686,880 


1,657 


I 92,531 


60,705 




74,627,907 


62,116,811 


44,617 


44,000 


32,052 




122,212 


69,620 


24,644 


278,718 


230,392 




154,001 


89,990 




891,960 


180,182 


56,033 


193,777 


163,593 


2,937 


898,245 


61,834 


6,927 



Alabama 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

^ New Hampshire 

* New Jersey 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota . .\ 

Ohio 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont , . . . . . . 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

WycMning 

Total 

Territories , etc. , 

Alaska (estimate) 

Arizona 

District of Columbia . . . 

Hawaii 

Indian Territory 

New Mexico 

Oklahoma . ^ 



Bine Book - 22 



306 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Persons in the service of the United States stationed abroad (es- 
timated) 1900, 84,400. 

Indians, etc., on Indian reservations except Indian Territory, 1900, 
145.282. 

Total for seven terrtories, etc, 1900, 1,667,313; 1890, 552,945; 
Indians not taxed, 89,541. 

The Alaskan figures are derived from partial data only, and all re< 
turns for Alaska and for certain military organizations stationed abroad, 
principally in the Philippines, had not been received when the census 
bureau published the statement above. 



POSTAL INFORMATION. 

CLASSES OF MAIL MATTER. 

Domestic mail matter is divided into four classes: 

First Class — Letters, postal cards and matter wholly or partly in 
writing, whether sealed or unsealed (except manuscript copy accom- 
panying proof sheets or corrected proof sheets of the same) and all 
matter sealed or otherwise closed against inspection. Rates of post- 
age — Two cents per ounce or fraction thereof. Postal cards, one 
cent each. On "drop'* letters two cents per ounce or fraction thereof 
when mailed *at the letter carrier's office and one cent per ounce or 
fraction thereof at other offices. 

Second Class— Newspapers and publications issued at stated inter- 
vals as often as four times a year, bearing a date of issue and num- 
bered consecutively, issued from a known office of publication, and 
formed of printed sheets without board, cloth, leather or other sub- 
stantial binding. Such publication must be originated and published 
for the dissemination of information of a public character, or devoted 
to literature, the sciences, art or some special industry. .They must 
have a legitimate list of subscribers and must not be designed primar- 
ily for advertising purposes, or for circulation free, or at nominal 
rates. Rate of Postage — For publishers and news agents, one cent a 
pound or fraction thereof. For others than publishers and news 
agents, one cent for each four ounces or fraction thereof. 

Third Class — Books, periodicals and matter wholly in print (not 
included in second class) , proof sheets, corrected proof sheets and 
manuscript copy accompanying the same. Rate of Postage— -One cent 
for each two ounces or fraction therecrf. 

Fourth Class — Merchandise — namely, all matter not embraced in the 
other three classes and which is not in the form or nature liable to 
destroy, deface or otherwise damage the cont.ents of the mail bag, 
or harm the person or anyone engaged in the postal service and not 
above the weight provided by law. Rate of Postage — One cent per 
ounce or fraction thereof, but on seeds, cuttings, roots, scions and 
plants one cent for each two ounces or fraction thereof. 

LIMIT OF WEIGHT— A package must not exceed four pounds in 
weight, unless it be a single book. Second class matter is not sub- 
ject to the four pound limitation. 

PAYMENT OF POSTAGE— On first-class matter the postage should 
be fully prepaid, but if two cents in stamps be affixed the matter will 
be forwarded and remainder due collected of addressee before de- 
livery. 

On second class, third and fourth class matter the postage must be 
fully prepaid. 

THE REGISTRY SYSTEM. 

All mail matter, including drop letters, may be registered, but 
not matter addressed to fictitious names, initials or box numbers, or 
bearing vague or indefinite addresses. The registry fee is eight cents 
additional to postage. It must be prepaid by stamps affixed. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 307 

m ■ . II i '^ - ■■-_- 

The rates of postage to all foreign countries and colonies (ex* 
cept Canada and Mexico) are as follows: 

Letters, 15 grams (1-2 ounce) 5 cents 

Postal cards , each 2 cents 

Double postal cards , each 4 cents 

Newspapers and other printed matter , per 2 ounces 1 cent 

V Commercial papers — 

Packets not in excess of 10 ounces 5 cents 

Packets in excess of 10 ounces, for each two ounces or 

fraction 1 cent 

Samples in merchandise — 

Packets not in excess of four ounces 2 cents 

Packets in excess of four ounces, for each 2 ounces or 

fraction thereof 1 cent 

Registration fee on letters or other articles 8 cents 

Ordinary letters for any foreign country (except Canada and Mexico) 

must be forwarded whether anv postage is prepaid on them or not. 
All other mailable matter must be prepaid, at least, partially. 

CANADA AND MEXICO. 

Matter mailed in* the United States addressed to Canada or Mexico 
is subject to the same postage rates and conditions as it would be if 
it were addressed for delivery in the United States. 

COST OF DOMESTIC MONEY ORDERS. 

On order not exceeding $2.50 $ 0.03 

Over $2.50 and not exceeding $5 .05 

Over $5 and not exceeding $10 .08 

Over $10 and not exceeding $20 .10 

Over $20 and not exceeding $30 .12 

Over $30 and not exceeding $40 ; . .15 

Over $40 and not exceeding $50 .18 

Over $60 and not exceeding $60 .20 

Over $60 ana not exceeding $75 .25 

Over $75 and not exceeding $100 .30 

Rates on specially delivered letters, ten cents on each letter in 
addition to the regular postage. This entitles the letter to immediate 
delivery by special messenger. Special delivery stamps are sold at 
post omces, and must be affixed to such letters. An ordinary ten cent 
stamp affixed to a letter will not entitle it to special delivery. The 
delivery, at carrier offices, extends to the limits of the carrier routes. 
At non-carrier offices it extends to one mile from the post office. Post- 
masters are not obliged to deliver beyond these limits, and letters 
addressed to places beyond must await delivery in the usual way, 
notwithstanding the special delivery stamp. 

All mail matter at large post offices is necessarily handled in great 
haste and should therefore in all cases be so plainly addressed as to 
leave no room for doubt and no excuse for error on the part of postal 
employes. Names of states should be written in full (or their abbrevia- 
tions very distinctly written) in order to prevent errors which arise 
from the similarity of such abbreviations as Cal. , Col.; Pa., Va. , Vt.; 
Me., Mo., Md.; loa., Ind.; N. H., N. M., N. Y. , N. J. , N. C, D. 
C; Miss., Minn., Mass.; Nev. , Neb.; Penn. , Tenn. , etc., when 
hastily or carelessly written. This is especially necessary in addressing 
mail matter to places of which the names are borne by several post 
offices in different states. 

Never send money or any other article of value through the mail 
except either by means of a money order or in a registered letter. Any 
person who sends money or jewelry in an unregistered letter not only 
runs a risk of losing his property, but exposes to temptation every 
one through whose hands his letter passes, and may be the means 
of ultimately bringing some clerk or letter carrier to ruin. 



LEGISLA1I\-E MANUAL 



■d'llre"* ,0 whom it ia directed' (aonorbc fou 

penol^ article! u poiMru. exp1«ivei or infiammable ailiiJeB, live u 
Sac". ,cctt. fruiti or vegetable matter liable to decomposition, < 
mata, ^f nbaling » bad odor will not be forwarded in any case. 
iub«t»"^, (but no other elaas of mail matter) wUl be returned to tl 
Let'* free, if a reque«t to that effect is primed or written on tl 
""Ifine. ^''"* ^ "" '™"' "f weight for fc^l class matter fullj pi 

Indenl"'')' — not 10 exceed $35 for any one registered piece. ■ 
tial value of the piece, if it is leu than $25 — shall be paid f 

- dropping a letter, newspaper, etc., into a street mailinj( boi 
'the receptacle at a post office, always see that the pacliet fa 



iJcationB lor the establishment of post offices should 
first assistant postmaster general, accompanied by 
Necessity therefor. Instructions will then be give 

led to enable the petitioners to provide the departn 

„y information. 

HOLIDAYS IN NORTH DAKOTA. 



lid be a> 



ruary 12— Lincoln's 
™„J 23— Washmgti 

tt^Mi Day— All general elect 
inksgiving Day-Last Thursi 
xmber 2 &— Christmas, 
lor Day — Day set by governor. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



309 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



Name and Birthplace 



Year 



Inaue'd 



Year 



Age 



Politics 



Died 



Age 



1 George Washington, Virginia 

2 John Adams, Massachusetts. . 

3 Thomas Jefferson, Virginia.. 

4 James Madison, Virp^nia.... 

5 Tames Monroe, Virginia 

6 J. Q. Adams, Massachusetts. 

7 Andrew Jackson, N. Carolina 

8 Martin Van Buren, New York 
9*Wm. H. Harrison, Virginia.. 

10 John Tyler, Vir«?inia *... 

11 Jas, K. Polk, North Carolina 
12SZachary Taylor, Virginia .... 

13 Millard Fillmore, New York. 

14 Franklin Pierce, N. Hampshire 

15 Jas. Buchanan, Pennsylvania. 
16t Abraham Lincoln, Kentucky. 

17 Andrew Johnson, N. Carolina 

18 Ulysses S. Grant , Ohio .... 

19 Rutherford B. Hayes. Ohio.. 

20 n James A. Garfield, Ohio 

21 Chester A. Arthur, Vermont. 

22 Grover Cleveland, New Jersey 

23 Benjamin Harrison, Ohio ... 

24 Grover Cleveland, New Jersey 

25 William McKinlcy, Ohio 

26**William McKinley, Ohio ... 

27 Theodore Roosevelt, N. York 

28 Theodore Roosevelt, N. York 



1732 
1785 
1748 
1761 
1768 
1767 
1767 
1782 
1773 
1790 
1795 
1784 
1800 
1804 
1791 
1809 
1808 
1822 
1822 
1831 
1830 
1833 
1837 
1837 
1843 
1843 
1858 
1858 



1789 


67 


1797 


62 


1801 


68 


1809 


68 


1817 


69 


1825 


58 


1829 


62 


1837 


55 


1841 


68 


1841 


51 


1845 


50 


1849 


66 


1860 


50 


1853 


49 


1856 


66 


1861 


52 


1865 


67 


1869 


47 


1877 


54 


1881 


49 


1881 


51 


1889 


55 


1885 


48 


1893 


52 


1897 


64 


1901 


58 


1901 


43 


1905 


47 



Federal 

Federal 

Repubt 

Repub 

Repub 

Repubt 

Dem.. 

Dem. . 

Whig.. 

Dem. . 

Dem.. 

Whig.. 

Whig.. 

Dem. . 

Dem. . 

Repub. 

Repub. 

Repub. 

Repub. 

Repub. 

Repub. 

Repub. 

Dem. . 

Dem. . 

Repub. 

Repub. 

Repub. 

Repub. 



1799 
1826 
1826 
^836 
1881 
1848 
1845 
1862 
1841 
1852 
1849 
1860 
1874 
1869 
1868 
1865 
1875 
1886 
1893 
1881 
1886 
1901 



1901 
1901 



67 
90 
88 
85 
78 
80 
78 
79 
68 
72 
53 
65 
74 
64 
77 
66 
66 
63 
70 
49 
56 
68 



58 
58 



•Died in ofHce, April 4, 1841, when Vice President Tyler succeeded 
him. 

SDied in ofiice, July 9, 1850, when Vice President Fillmore suc- 
ceeded him. 

t Assassinated , April 14, 1865, when Vice President Johnson suc- 
ceeded him. ' 

n Assassinated and died September 20, 1881, when Vice President 
Arthur succeeded him. 

tfThe democratic party of today claims lineal descent from the first 
republican party and President JeflFerson as its founder. 

t Political parties were disorganized at the time of the election of 
John Quincy Adams. He claimed to be a republican, T)ut his doc- 
trines were decidedly federalistic. The opposition to his administra- 
tion took the name of democrats and elected Jackson president. 

••Assassinated and died September 14, 1901, when Vice Presi- 
dent Roosevelt succeeded him. 



310 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VICE PRESIDENTS QF THE UNITED STATES. 



1 John Adams , Massachusetts . . 


1735 


1789 


Federal . . . 


1826 


90 


2 Thomas Jefferson, Virginia . 


1743 


1797 


Republican 


1826 


83 


3 Aaron Burr, New Jersey .... 


1756 


1801 


Republican 


1836 


80 


4*George Clinton, New York .. 


1739 


1805 


Republican 


1812 


73 


5*Elbridge Gerry, Massachusetts 


1744 


1813 


Republican 


1814 


70 


6 Daniel D. Tompkins, N. York 


1774 


1817 


Republican 


1825 


51 


Ttjohn C. Calhoun, S. Carolina 


1782 


1825 


Republican 


1850 


68 


8 Martin Van Buren , New York 


1782 


1833 


Democrat.. 


1862 


80 


9 Rich. M. Johnson, Kentucky 


1780 


1837 


Democrat.. 


1850 


70 


lOJJohn Tyler, Virginia 


1790 


1841 


Democrat.. • 


1862 


72 


11 Geo. M. Dallas, Pennsylvania 


1792 


1845 


Democrat.. 


1864 


72 


12||Millard Fillmore, New York . 


1800 


1849 


Whig 


1874 


74 


13§*Wm. R. King, N. Carolina 


1786 


1853 


Democrat.. 


1853 


67 


14 John C. Breckenridge , Kent'y 


1821 


1857 


Democrat.. 


1875 


54 


15 Hannibal Hamlin, Maine ... 


1809 


1861 


Republican 


1891 


81 


leUAndrew Johnson, N. Carolina 


180« 


1865 


Republican 


1875 


67 


17 Schuyler Colfax, New York. 


1823 


1869 


Republican 


1885 


62 


18*Henry Wilson, N. Hampshire 


1812 


1873 


Republican 


1875 


63 


19 Wm. A. Wheeler, New York 


1819 


1877 


Republican 


1887 


68 


20**Chester A. Arthur, Vermont 


1830 


1881 


Republican 


1886 56 


21*Thomas A. Hendricks, Ohio. 


1819 


1885 


Democrat.. 


1885 66 


22 Levi P. Morton, Vermont... 


1824 


1889 


Republican 


• • • • • • 


23 Adlai E. Stevenson, Kentucky 


1835 


1893 


Democrat.. 


• • • • • • 


24 Garret A. Hobart, New Jersey 


1844 


1897 


Republican 


1899 55 


25***Theodore Roosevelt, N. York 


1858 


1901 


Republican 


• • • • • • 


26 Charles W. Fairbanks, Ind. * 


1858 


1905 


Republican 


• • • • • • 



* Died in office, 
t Resigned December 28, 1832. 
t Became president by death of Harrison. 
§ Ex-officio as president pro tem of the senate. 
II Became president by death of Taylor. 
ti Became president by death of Lincoln. 
** Became president by death of Garfield. 
*** Became president by death of McKinley. 



THE JUDICIARY. 

SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES. 

Chief Justice of the United States — Melville W. Fuller, of Illinois, 

Born 1833, Appointed 1888. 

Associate Justice — J©hn M. Harlan, Kentucky ' 1833 18X7 

Associate Justice — Oliver Wendell Holmes, Masachusetts 1841- 1902 

Associate Justice — David J. Brewer, Kansas 1837 1889 

Associate Justice — Henry B. Brown, Michigan 1836 1890 

Associate Justice— William R. Day 1849 1903 

Associate justice — Edward D. White, Louisiana 1845 1894 

Associate Justice — Rufus W. Peckham, New York.... 1838 1895 

Associate Justice — Joseph McKenna, California 1843 1898 

Reporter — Charles Henry Butler. 
Clerk— J. H. McKenney, D. C. 
Marshal — John M. Wright, Kentucky. 

The salary of the chief justice of the United States is $18,000; 
associate justices, $12,500 each; of the reporter, $4,500; marshal, 
$3,500; clerk of the supreme court, $6,000. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 311 

. ^ 

■ CIRCUIT COURTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 

. 1. Le Baron B. Colt, Rhode Island. 
William L. Putnam, Maine. . 

2. William J. Wallace, Albany, N. Y. 
E. Henry La Combe, New York. 
William K. Townsend, Connecticut. 
Alfred C. Coxe, New York. 

3. Marcus W. Acheson, Pennsylvania. 
George M. Dallas, Pennsylvania. 
George Gray, Delaware. 

4. Nathan Goff, West Virginia. 

Jeter C. Pritchard, North Carolina. 
6. Don A. Pardee, Louisiana. • 
Andrew P. McCormick, Texas. 
David D. Shelby, Alabama. 

6. Henry F. Severens, Michigan. 
Horace H. Lurton, Tennessee. 
John K. Richards, Ohio. 

7. James G. Jenkins, Wisconsin. 
Peter S. Grosscup, Illinois. 
Francis E. Baker, Indiana. 

8. William Van Devanter, Wyoming. 
Walter H. Sanborn, Minnesota. 
Amos M. Thayer, Missouri. 
William C. Hook, Kansas. ^ 
William W. Morrow, California. 

9. William B. Gilbert, Oregon. 
Erskine M. Ross, California. 

Salaries, $7,000 each. The judges of each circuit and the justice 
of the supreme court for the circuit constitute a circuit court of 
appeals. The First circuit consists of Maine, Massachusetts, New 
Hampshire, Rhode Island. Second — Connecticut, New York, Ver- 
mont. Third — Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania. Fourth — Mary- 
land, North. Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia. 
Fifth — Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas. 
Sixtlt— Kentucky , Michigan, Ohio, Tennessee. Seventh — Illinois, 
Indiana, Wisconsin. Eighth — ^Arkansas, Colorado, Indian and Ok- 
lahoma territories, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, 
New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming. Ninth — 
Alaska, Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, 
Washington and Hawaii. 

UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 

Chief Justice — Charles C. Nott, N. Y.; salary, $6,500. Associate 
Judges — Lawrence Weldon, Illinois; Stanton J. Peele, Indiana; Fran- 
cis M. Wright; Charles B. Howry, Miss. Salaries, $6,000 each. Chief 
Clerk — ^Archibald Hopkins, Mass., $3,000. 

UNITED STATES COURT OF PRIVATE LAND CLAIMS. 

Chief Justice — ^Joseph R. Reed, Iowa. Justices — Wilbur F. Stone, 
Colorado; Henry C. Siuss, Kansas; F. J. Osborne, N. C; William 
W. Murray, Tenn. U. S. Attorney — Matthew G. Reynolds, Missouri. 

COURT OF APPEALS OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 

Chief Justice — Richard H. Alvey, Maryland, $7,500. Justices — 
Martin F. Morris, D. C, $7,000; Seth Shepard, Texas, $7,000. Clerk 
—Robert Willett, D. C, $3,000. 



312 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGES. 
(Annual salary » $6,000.) 

Alabama— (N. D., M. D.) T. G. Jones, Montgomery; (S. D.), H. 
T. Toulmin, Mobile. 

Alaska — M. C. Brown, Juneau; Alfred S. Moore, Nome; J. Wicker- 
sham, Eagle City. 

Arizona — Edward Kent, Phoenix. 

Arkansas— (E. D.) Jacob Trieber, Little Rock; (W. D.) J. H. 
Rogers, Fort Smith. 

California — (N. D.) J. J. DeHaven, San Francisco; (S. D.) O. 
Wellborn, Los Angeles. 

Colorado — Moses Hallet, Denver. 

Connecticut — ^Jas. P. Piatt, Hartford. 

Delaware — E. G. Bradford, Wilmington. 

Florida — (N. D.) Charles Swayne, Pensacola; (S. D.) J. W. Locke, 
Jacksonville. 

Georgia — (N. D.) W. T. Newman, Atlanta; (S. D.) Emory Speer, 
Macon. 

Hawaii — San ford B. Dole, Honolulu. 

Idaho — ^James H. Beatty, Boise City. 

Illinois— (N. D.) C. C. Kohlsaat, Chicago; (S. D.) J. O. Humphrey, 
Springfield. 

Indian Territory— (N. D.) J. A. Gill, Vinita; W. R. Lawrence, 
Vinita; (C. D.) W. H. H. Clayton, McAlister; T. C. Humphrey, Mc- 
Alister; (S. D.) H. Townsend, Ardmore; (W. D.) C. W. Raymond, 
Muscogee; L. Sulsbacher, Muscogee. 

Indiana — ^A. B. Anderson, Indianapolis. 

Iowa— (N. D.) H. T. Reed, Cresco; (S. D.) Smith McPherson, Red 
Oak. 

Kansas — John C. Pollock, Leavenworth. 

Kentucky— (E. D.) A. M. J. Cochran, Maysville; (W. D.) W. 
Evans , Louisville. 

Louisiana — (E. D.) C. Parlange, New Orleans; (W. D.) A. Boar- 
man , Shreveport. 

Maine — Clarence Hale, Portland. 

Maryland — Thomas J. Morris, Baltimore. 

Massachusetts — F. C. Lowell, Boston. 

Michigan— (E. D.) Hy H. Swan, Detroit; (W. D.) Geo. P. Wanty, 
Grand Rapids. 

Minnesota — Wm. Lochren, Minneapolis; Page Morris, Duluth. 

Mississippi — (N. and S. D.) Henry C. Niles, Kosciusko. 

Missouri— (E. D.) E. B. Adams, St. Louis; (W. IX) J. F. Philips, 
Kansas City. 

Montana — Wiliam H. Hunt, Helena. 

Nebraska — William H. Munger, Omaha. 

Nevada — Thos. P. Hawley, Carson City. 

New Hampshire — E. Aldrich, Littleton. 

New Jersey — ^W. M. Lanning, Trenton. 

New Mexico — W. J. Mills, Las Vegas. 

New York— (N. D.) George W. Ray, Utica; (S. D.) George B. 
Adams, New York City; (E. D.) Edward B. Thomas, Brooklyn; (W. 
D.) John R. Hazel, Buffalo; G. C. Holt, New York. 

North Carolina— (E. D.) T. R. Purnell, Raleigh; (W. D.) J. E. 
Boyd , Greensboro. 

North Dakota — C. F. Amidon, Fargo. 

Ohio— (N. D.) A. J. Ricks, F. J. Wing, Cleveland; (S. D.) A. C. 
Thompson , Cincinnati. 

Oklahoma — J. H. Burford, Guthrie. 

Oregon — Charles B. Bellinger, Portland. 

Pennsylvania — (E. D.) J. B. McPherson, Philadelphia; J. B. Hol- 
land, Philadelphia; (M. D.) R. W. Archibald, Scranton; (W. D.) J. 
Buffington, Pittsburg. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



313 



Porto Rico — C. F. McKcima« San Juan. 

Rhode Island — ^A. L. Brown, Providence 

South Carolina — W. H. Brawley, Charleston. 

South Dakota — J. E. Carland, Sioux Falls. 

Tennessee — (E. and M. D.) C D. Clark, Chattanooga; (W. D.) 
Eli S. Hammond, Memphis. 

Texas— (N. D.) E. R. Meek. Fort Worth; (S. D.) W. T. Bums, 
Houston; (E. D.) D. E. Bryant, Sherman; (W. D.) T. S. Maxey, 
Austin. 

Utah— John A. Marshall Salt Lake City. 

Vermont — Hoyt H. Wheeler, Brattleboro. 

Virginia— (E. D.) E. WaddiU, Jr., Richmond; (W. D.) H. C. Mc- 
Dowell, Bigstone Gap. 

Washington— C. H. Hanford, Seattle. 

West Virginia— (N. D.) J. J. Jackson, IJarkersburg; (S. D.) B. F. 
Keller, Bramwell. 

Wisconsin— (E. D.) W. H. Seaman, Milwaukee; (W. D.) Romanzo 
Bunn, Madison. 

Wyoming — ^John A. Riner, Cheyenne. 



JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT. 

(♦Chief Justices.) 



Name 



Service 



Term 



Yrs. 



Bom 



Died 



•John Jay, N. Y 

John Rutledge, S. C 

William Cushing, Massachusetts 
Tames Wilsdn, Pennsylvania ... 

John Blair, Virginia 

Robert H. Harrison, Maryland . 
James Iredell , North Carolina . . 
Thomas Johnson, Maryland .... 
William Paterson, New Jersey . 
•John Rutledge, South Carolina 

Samuel Chase, Maryland 

Oliver Ellsworth , Connecticut . . 
Bushrod Washington, Virginia . 
Alfred Moore, North Carolina . - 

•John Marshall , Virginia 

William Johnson, South Carolina 

Brock Livingstone , N. Y 

Thomas Todd, Kentucky 

Joseph Story , Massachusetts 

Gabriel Duval , Maryland 

Smith Thompson , New York . . . 

Robert Trimble , Kentucky 

John McLean , Ohio 

Henry Baldwin, Pennsylvania . . 

James M. Wayne , Georgia 

•Roger B. Taney, Maryland . . . 
Philip P. Barbour, Virginia .... 

John Catron , Tennessee 

John McKinley, Alabama 

Peter V. Daniels, Virginia .... 
Samuel Nelson , New York 



1789-1795 
1789-1791 
1789-1810 
178a-1798 
1789-1796 
1789-1790 
1790-1799 
1791-1793 
1793-1806 
1795-1795 
1796-1811 
1796-1800 
1798-1829 
1799-1804 
1801-1835 
1804-1834 
1806-1823 
1807-1826 
1811-1845 
1811-1836 
1823-1843 
1826-1828 
1829-1861 
1880-1844 
1835-1867 
1836-1864 
1836-1841 
1837-1866 
1837-1852 
1841-1860 
1845-1872 



6 


1745 


2 


1789 


21 


1738 


9 


1742 


7 


1732 


1 


1745 


9 


1751 


2 


1732 


13 


1745 


• • 


1739 


15 


1741 


6 


1745 


31 


1762 


5 


1755 


34 


1755 


30 


1771 


17 


1757 


19 


1765 


34 


1779 


25 


1752 


20 


1767 


2 


1777 


32 


1785 


16 


1779 


32 


1790 


28 


1777 


5 


1783 


28 


1786 


15 


1780 


19 


1785 


27 


1792 



1829 
1800 
1810 
1798 
1800 
1790 
1799 
1819 
1806 
1800 
1811 
1807 
1829 
1810 
1835 
1834 
1823 
1826 
1845 
1844 
1843 
1828 
1861 
1844 
1867 
1864 
1841 
1865 
1852 
1860 
1873 



314 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Justices of the Supreme Court — Oontiiwied. 



s. 


Service 


Born 




Name 


Term 


Yrs. 


Died 


Levi Woodbury, New Hampshire .. 
Robert C. Grier, Pennsylvania .... 
Benjamin R. Curtis, Massachusetts 

John A. Campbell, Alabama 

Nathan Cliflford, Maine 

Noah H. Swayne, Ohio 

Samuel F. Miller. Iowa 


1845-1851 
1846-1870 
1851-1857 
1853-1861 
1858-1881 
1861-1881 
1862-1890 
1862-1877 
1863-1897 
1864-1873 
1870-1880 
1870-1892 
1872-1882 
1874-1888 

1877- 

1880-1887 
1881-1889 
1881-1902 
1882-1893 
1888-1893 

loOo-.' . . • 

1889- 

1890- 

1892- 

1893-1895 

1894- 

1895- 

1898- 

1902- 


6 
23 

6 

8 
23 
20 
28 
15 
34 

9 
10 
22 
10 
14 

• • 

7 
8 

• ■ 

11 
5 

• • 

• • 

• • 

• • 

2 

• • 

• • 

• • 

• • 


1789 
1794 
1809 
18ir 
1803 
1804 
1816 
1815 
1816 
1808 
1808 
1813 
1811 
1816 
1883 
1824 
1824 
1828 
1820 
\825 
1833 
1837 
1836 
1832 
1832 
1845 
1838 
1843 
1841 


1851 
1870 
1874 
1889 
1881 
1884 
1890 


David Davis. Illinois 


1885 


Stephen J. Field, California 

•Salmon P. Chase, Ohio 

William Strong, Pennsylvania 

Joseph P. Bradley, New Jersey . . 

Ward Hunt, New York 

•Morrison R. Waite, Ohio 

John M. Harlan , Kentucky 

William B. Woods, Georgia 

Stanley Matthews, Ohio ^.. 

Horace Gray, Massachusetts 

Samuel Blatchford, New York ... 
Lucius Q. C. Lamar, Mississippi . . 

♦Melville W. Fuller, Illinois 

David J. Brewer, Kansas 

Henry B. Brown, Michigan ...... 

George Shiras, Jr., Pennsylvania . 

Howell E. Jackson, Tennessee 

Edward D. White, Louisiana 

Rufus W. Peckham, New York .. 

Joseph McKenna. California 

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Mass..... 


1899 
1873 
1895 
1892 
1886 
1888 

1887 
1889 
1902 
1893 
1893 

1895 



UNITED STATES CABINET OFFICERS. 

(State and date of appointment.) 
SECRETARIES OF STATE. 



Thomas Jeflferson, Virginia 

Edmund Randolph, Virginia 

Timothy Pickering, Massachusetts. . 
Timothy Pickering, Massachusetts . 

John Marshall, Virginia 

James Madison, Virginia 

Robert Smith, Maryland 

James Monroe, Virginia 

John Quincy Adanis, Massachusetts 

Henry Clay, Kentucky 

Martin Van Buren , New York .... 
Edward Livingstone, Louisiana .... 

Louis McLane , Delaware 

John Forsyth , Georgia 

John Forsyth , Georgia 

Daniel Webster, Massachusetts .... 



1789 
1794 
1795 
1797 
1800 
1801 
1809 
1811 
1»17 
1825 
1829 
1831 
1833 
1834 
1837 
1841 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



315 



United States Cabinet Officers — Continued. 

SECRETARIES OF STATE— Continued. • 



Daniel Webster, Massachusetts . 
Hugh S. Legare, Soutli Carolina 

Abel P. Upshur, Virginia 

John C. Calhoun, South Carolina 
Tames Buchanan, Pennsylvania . 
J ohn M. Clayton , Delaware . . . 
Daniel Webster, Massachusetts .. 
Edward Everett, Massachusetts . 
William L. Marcy, New York . . 

L^wis Cass , Michigan 

Jeremiah S. Black, Pennsylvania 
William H. Seward, New York . 
William H. Seward, New York . 
Elihu B. Washburn , Illinois . . . 

Hamilton Fish, New York 

William M. Evarts, New York . 

James G. Blaine, Maine 

F. T. Frelinghuysen , New Jersey 
Thomas F. Bayard , Delaware . . . 

James G. Blaine, Maine 

John W. Foster, Indiana 

Walter Q. Gresham , Illinois . . . 
Richard Olney, Massachusetts . . . 

John Sherman, Ohio 

William R. Day, Ohio 

John Hay, Indiana 

John Hay, Indiana 

John Hay, Indiana 



1841 
1843 
1843 
1844 
1845 
1849 
1850 
1852 
1853 
1857 
1860 
1861 
1865 
1869 
1869 
1877 
1881 
1881 
1885 
1889 
1892 
1893 
1895 
1897 
1898 
1898 
1901 
1905 



SECRETARIES OF THE NAVY. 



George Cabot, Massachusetts 

Benjamin Stoddert, Maryland 

Benjamin Stoddert, Maryland 

Robert Smith , Maryland 

Jacob Crowninshield, Massachusetts. . 
Paul Hamilton , South Carolina .... 

Wilson Tones, Pennsylvania 

H. W. Crowninshield, Massachusetts 
H. W. Crowninshield, Massachusetts 

Smith Thompson , New York 

Samuel L. Southard , New Jersey . . 
Samuel L. Southard , New Jersey . . 

John Branch, North Carolina 

Levi Woodbury, New Hampshire . . 

Mahlon Dickerson , New Jersey 

Mahlon Dickerson, New Jersey 

James K. Paulding, New York 

George E. Badger, North Carolina . 
George E. Badger, North Carolina . 

Abel P. Upshur, Virginia 

David Henshaw, Massachusetts .... 

Thomas W. Gilmer , Virginia 

John Y. Mason , Virginia 

George Bancroft, Massachusetts . . . 

John Y. Af ason , Virginia 

William B. Preston , Virginia 

William A. Graham, North Carolina 



1798 

1798 

1801 

1801 

1805 

1809 

1813 

1814 

1817 

1818 

1823 

1825 

1829 

1831 

1834 

183? 

1838 

1841 

1841 

1841 

1843 

1844 

1844 

1845 

1846. 

1849 

1850 



316 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



United States Cabinet Officera — Ckmtinned. 

SECRETARIES OF THE NAVY— Continued. 



John P. Kennedy, Maryland 
ames C. Dobbin , North Carolina .... 
saac Touccy, Connecticut 

Gideon Wells, Connecticut 

Gideon Wells, Connecticut 

Adolph E. Boric, Pennsylvania 

George M. Robeson , New Jersey 

Richard W. Thompson, Indiana 

Nathan Goff , Jr. , West Virginia 

William H. Hunt, Louisiana 

William E. Chandler, New Hampshire 

William C. Whitney, New York 

Benjamin F. Tracy, New York 

Hilary A. Herbert, Alabama 

Tohn D. Long, Massachusetts 

William H. Moody, Massachusetts .... 

Paul Morton, Illinois 

Paul Morton , Illinois 



1852 
1853 
1867 
1861 
18«5 
1869 
1869 
1877 
1881 

lasi 

1882 
1885 
1889 
1893 
1897 
1902 
1904 
1905 



•POSTMASTERS GENERAL. 



Samuel Osf^ood, Massachusetts ... 
Timothy Pickering, Massachusetts 

Joseph Habersham , Georgia 

Joseph Habersham, Georgia 

Joseph Habersham, Georgia 

Gideon Granger, Connecticut 

Gideon Granger, Connecticut 

Return J. Meigs, Jr 

Return J. Meigs, Jr 

John McLean , Ohio 

Tohn McLean , Ohio 

William T. Barry, Kentucky 

Amos Kendall, Kentucky 

Amos Kendall, Kentucky 

John M. Niles , Connecticut 

Francis Granger, New York 

Francis Granger, New York .... 
Charles A. Wickliffe, Kentucky .. 

Cave Johnson , Tennessee 

Jacob Collamer , Vermont 

Kathan K. Hall, New York 

Samuel D. Hubbard 

James Campbell, Pennsylvania ... 

Aaron V. Brown , Tennessee 

Joseph Holt , Kentucky 

Horatio King, Maine 

Montgomery Blair, Maryland .... 

William Dennison, Ohio 

William Dennison, Ohio 

Alex. W. Randall , Wisconsin 

John A. J. Cresswell , Maryland . . 

James W. Marshall , Virginia 

Marshall Jewell , Connecticut 

James N. Tsmer, Indiana , 



1789 
1791 
1795 
1797 
1801 
1801 
1809 
1814 
1817 
1823 
1825 
1829 
1836 
1837 
1840 
1841 
1841 
1841 
1845 
1849 
1850 
1852 
1853 
1857 
1859 
1861 
1861 
1864 
1865 
1866 
1869 
1874 
1874 
1876 



•The postmaster general was not considered a cabinet officer until 
1829. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



317 



United States Cabinet Officers — Ooatinued. 

POSTMASTERS GENERAL—Continued. 



David McK. Key, Tennessee .... 

Horace Maynard, Tennessee 

Thomas L. James, New York .... 
Timothy O. Howe, Wisconsin .... 

Walter Q. Gresham, Indiana 

Frank Hatton , Iowa 

William F. Vilas, Wisconsin 

Don M. Dickinson, Michigan .... 
John Wanamaker, Pennsylvania . . . 

Wilson S. Bissel, New York 

William L. Wilson, West Virginia 

James A. Gary, Maryland , 

Chas. Emery Smith, Pennsylvania 

Henry C. Payne, Wisconsin 

Robert J. Wynne, Pennsylvania . . . 
George B. Cortelyou, New York .. 



1877 
1880 
1881 
1881 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1888 
1889 
1893 
1895 
1897 
1898 
1902 
1904 
1905 



SECRETARIES OF THE TREASURY. 



Alexander Hamilton , New York 

Oliver Wolcott, Connecticut 

Oliver Wolcott, Connecticut 

Samuel Dexter, Massachusetts 

Samuel Dexter, Massachusetts 

Albert Gallatin 

Albert Gallatin 

Albert Gallatin 

George W. Campbell, Tennessee 

Alexander J. Dallas , Pennsylvania . . . 

William H. Crawford , Georgia 

William H. Crawford , Georgia 

Richard Rush , Pennsylvania 

Samuel D. Ingham , Pennsylvania .... 

Louis McLane, Delaware 

William J. Duane , Pennsylvania .... 

Roger B. Taney, Maryland 

Levi Woodbury , New Hampshire 

Levi Woodbury, New Hampshire 

Thomas Ewing, Ohio 

Thomas Ewing, Ohio 

Walter Forward, Pennsylvania 

John C. Spencer, New York 

George M. Bibb, Kentucky 

Robert J. Walker, Mississippi 

William M. Meredith , Pennsylvania . . 

Thomas Corwin , Ohio 

James Guthrie , Kentucky 

Howell Cobb , Georgia 

Philip F. Thomas , Maryland 

John A. Dix, New York 

Salmon P. Chase, Ohio 

William P. Fessenden , Maine 

Hugh McCulloch, Indiana 

Hugh McCulloch, Indiana 

George S. Boutwell , Massachusetts . . 
William A. Richardson, Massachusetts 
Benjamin F. Bristow, Kentucky ...... 

Lot M. Morrill , Maine 



1789 
1795 
1797 
1801 
1801 
1801 
1805 
1809 
1814 
1814 
1816 
1817 
1825 
1829 
1881 
1833 
1833 
1834 
1837 
1841 
1841 
1841 
1843 
1844 
1845 
1849 
1850 
1853 
1857 
1860 
1861 
1861 
1864 
1865 
1865 
1869 
1873 
1874 
1876 



MH 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Unlttd states Cabinet Offlcers-^Continiied. 

SKCKKTARIKS OF THE TREASURY— OmtinaoL 



tiiUu Hlietttian, (Jhio 

WilUflfii WItnlnm, Minnesota 

( Imt !»•« }. I'olKrr , New York 

VVflUft p. (Irrnham, Indiana 

/Ititth NfjCtjIloch, Indiana 

IMhIpI MannliiK, New York ! 

(li«tUq S. Knirrhihl, New York : 

VVilllfiin Windoni, Minnesota [ 

( linili-s Knntrf, Ohio 

JkIiii (}, Cnrllqle, Kentucky I 

LvMinn J. (ifiKP, Illinois • 

i,»-il|p M. Sliaw, Iowa * ' 

l.t^llp M. Sliflw, Iowa I 



1S7T 
1881 
188X 
1S84 
1384^ 
1985 
1387 
1889 
1891 
1893 
1897 
1902 
1905 



SIX KKTARIES OF WAR. 



/ 



Hptifv Kiton. Mawachusetts 

lioiniliy I'ickeilnn, Massachusetts 

Jnoirq Mrllemv, Maryinnd 

Jniiies AirUrmy, Maryland 

1"Ih» Atni«»lmH, Ylfninia 

^^foiuiel htxler, MnB««achusetts 

)<f«BH ttH-^wtild, Cotinrclicut 

JI«-my I't^flthorn, Ma««sachitsottB 

W jlllflttt Iui«»li9, Mn^iachn^etts 

tnJHt Attn^troiig, New York 

tnine*^ Motnoe, N'iiuinia « 

Millinni I?. ( rawford, (Jeornia 

T'^Hfic Shelhy , Kentocky 

(tf»i. (irnhatii (ad. in.).' N^irRinia 

.Injtii v. I'alhonn, Sooth Carolina 

jntor«? TIaihtMir, \*iiRinia 

Vftpf H. Pnitet, New \mk 

)hii II. I'tilon . 'lennesRce 

(mvIr t'nsq, t)hlo 1 

1^'tijatnio I'\ TUiller, New York 1 

jnp| U. roin«5rlt, South I'arolina I 

tidin ttpll , reniirs'^ee I 

Tnhu Ttrll . Tennessee I 

lohn Mcl.ean, Ohio I 

Tohu V. Speticer, New York I 

tnuirs M. INoter, IVnn^vlvatiia I 

NYilllrtUi WilUiti-^, I'ennsyfvania I 

\YHIiam I.. Marrv. New York I 

tJeovtfe \V. Crawford, (leornia I 

1'Mward Itaten, Missouri j 

( Inrles M. (ourad, Louisiana i 

triTerson Oavis, Mississippi ' 

)ohn n. Floyd . Virginia I 

Joseph Holt ♦ Kentucky I 

Simon Cameron . Pennsylvania I 

I'Mwin M. Stanton , Ohto I 

Fdwin M. Stanton , Ohio I 

U. S. Ctrnnt (ad. in.), Illinois 

tor. Thomas (ad. in.) ' 

tolm M. .Schofield, New York ' 

^tohn A. Rawlins , Illinois I 



1789 
1795 
1796 
1797 
1800 
1800 
1801 
1801 
1809 
1813 
1814 
1815 
1817 
1817 
1817 
1826 
1828 
1829 
1831 
1837 
1837 
1841 
1841 
1841 
1841 
1843 
1844 
1845 
1849 
1850 
ISoO 
1>?53 
1857 
1861 
1861 
1863 
1865 
1867 
1868 
1868 
1869 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



319 



United States Cabinet Officers — Continued. 

SECRETARIES OF WAR— Continued. 



William T. Sherman, Ohio 

William T. Belknap, Iowa ...>... 

Alphonso Taft , Ohio 

James Don Cameron, Pennsylvania 

George W. McCrary, Iowa 

Alexander Ramsey , Minnesota 

Robert T. Lincoln , Illinois 

Robert T. Lincoln , Illinois 

William C. Endicott, Massachusetts 

Rcdfield Proctor, Vermont 

Stephen B. Elkins, West Virginia . 
Daniel S. Lamont, New York . . . . 

R. A. Alger, Michigan , 

Elihu Root, New York 

Elihu Root, New York 

William Taft, Ohio 

William Taft, Ohio 



1869 
1869 
1876 
1876 
1877 
1879 
1881 
1881 
1886 
1889 
1891 
1893 
1897 
1899 
1901 
1904 
1905 



SECRETARIES OF THE INTERIOR. 



Thomas Ewing, Ohio 

James A. Pearce, Maryland ...... 

Thos. M. T. Kernon, Pennsylvania 
Alex. H. H. Stewart , Virginia . . 

Robert McClelland , Michigan 

Jacob Thompson , Mississippi 

Caleb B. Smith , Indiana 

John P. .Usher , Indiana 

John P. Usher, Indiana 

James Harlan, Iowa 

Orville H. Browning, Illinois . . . 

Jacob D. Cox, Ohio 

Columbus Delano, Ohio 

Zachariah Chandler, Michigan .... 

Carl Schurz, Missouri 

Samuel J. Kirkwood , Iowa 

Henry M. Teller, Colorado 

Lucius Q. C. Lamar, Misissippi ... 

William F. Vilas, Wisconsin 

John W. Noble, Missouri 

Hoke Smith , Georgia 

Cornelius N. Bliss, New York 

Ethan A. Hitchcock, Missouri .... 
Ethan A. Hitchcock, Missouri . . . 
Ethan A. Hitchcock, Missouri ... 



1849 
1850 
1850 
1850 
1853 
1857 
1861 
1863 
1865 
1865 
1866 
1869 
1870 
1875 
1877 
1881 
1882 
1885 
1888 
1889 
1893 
1897 
1898 
1901 
1905' 



SECRETARIES OF AGRICULTURE. 



Norman J. Coleman, Missouri 
Jeremiah M. Rusk, Wisconsin 
J. Sterlinj? Morton, Nebraska . 

James Wilson , Iowa 

James. Wilson , Iowa 

James Wilson , Iowa ,. . 



1889 
1889 
1893 
1897 
1901 
1905 



320 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Unfteil States Cabinet OfBcer»— GoBtiniied. 

ATTORNEYS GENERAL. 



Edmund Randolph, Virginia 

Edmund Randolph, Virginia *.. 

William Bradford, Pennsylvania 

Charles Lee, Virginia 

Charles Lee, Virginia 

Theophilus Parsons, Massachusetts 

Leri Lincoln , MaMachusetts 

Robert Smith , Maryland 

John Breclanridge , Kentucky 

Caesar A- Rodney, Delaware 

Caesar A^ Rodney, Delaware 

William Pinckney, Maryland 

William Pinckney, Maryland 

Richard Rush , Pennsylvania 

Richard Rush, Pennsylvania 

William Wirt, Virginia 

WiUiam Wirt, Virginia 

John McP. Berrien, Georgia 

Roger B. Taney, Maryland 

Benjamin F. Butler, New York 

Benjamin F. Butler, New York 

Felix Grundy, Tennessee 

Henry D. Gilpin 

John J. Crittenden , Kentucky 

John J. Crittenden , Kentucky 

Hugh S. Legare , South Carolina 

John Nelson , Maryland 

John Y. Mason , Virginia 

Nathan Oifford, Maine 

Isaac Toucey , Connecticut 

Rcverdy Johnson , Mainland 

John J. Crittenden , Kentucky 

Caleb Gushing, Massachusetts 

Jeremiah S. Black, Pennsylvania 

Edwin M. Stanton , Ohio 

Edward Bates , Missouri 

Titian J. Coffey, Pennsylvania (ad. in.) 

Tames Speed , Kentucky 

James Speed , Kentucky 

Henry Stanbery, Ohio 

William M. Evarts, New York 

Ebcnezer R. Hoar, Massachusetts 

Amos T. Ackerman , Georgia 

George H. Williams, Oregon 

Edwards Pierrepont, New York 

Alphonso Taft , Ohio 

Charles Devens, Massachusetts^ 

Wayne MacVeagh , Pennsylvania 

Benjamin H. Brewster, Pennsylvania . 

Augustus H. Garland , Arkansas 

William H. H. Miller, Indiana 

Richard OIney , Massachusetts 

Judson Harmon , Ohio 

Joseph McKenna, California 

John Wm. Griggs , New Jersey 

Philander C. Knox, Pennsylvania 

William H. Moody, Massachusetts 

William H. Moody, Massachusetts 



f 



1789 
1793 
1794 
1795 
1797 
1801 
1801 
1805 
1805 
1807 
1809 
1811 
1813 
1814 
1817 
1817 
1825 
1829 
1831 
1833 
1837 
1838 
1840 
1841 
1841 
1841 
1843 
1845 
1846 
1848 
1849 
1850 
1853 
1857 
1860 
1861 
1863 
1864 
1865 
1866 
1868 
1869 
1870 
1871 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1881 
1881 
1885 
1889 
1893 
1895 
1897 
1898 
. 1901 
1904 
1905 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 321 

United States Cabinet Officers — Ck)iitiiiued. 

SECRETARIES OF COMMERCE AND LABOR. 



George B. Cortelyou, New York I 1903 

Victor H. Metcalf, California I 1904 

Victor H. Metcalf, California i 1905 

I 

Note. — Since the foundation of the government, the individual 
states have been represented the following number of times in cabinet 
positions: Massachusetts, 30; New York, 30; Pennsylvania, 25; 
Virginia, 22; Ohio, 20; Kentucky, 15; Indiana, 10; Connecticut, 
9; Georgia, 8; Tennessee, 8; Illinois, 7; Maine, 6; South Carolina, 
6; Delaware, 5; Missouri, 5; Wisconsin, 6; Iowa, 6; Michigan, 4; 
Mississippi, 4; New Jersey, 4; North Carolina, 4; Louisiana, 3; 
Minnesota, 3; New Hampshire, 3; West Virginia, 3; California, 2; 
Vermont, 2; Alabama, 1; Arkansas, 1; Colorado, 1; Nebraska, 1; 
Oregon, 1. The states which have not been represented in the cabinet 
are: Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, 
Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Washington, Wyoming. 



THE FEDERAL GOVERNIVIENT. 

STATE DEPARTMENT. 

Assistant Secretary — Francis B. Loomis $ 4 , 500 

Second Assistant Secretary — A. A. Adee, D. C 4,500 

Third Assistant Secretary — Herbert D. Pierce, Mass 4,500 

Chief Clerk— Wm. H. Michael, Nebraska 3,000 

Chief Diplomatic Bureau — Sidney Y. Smith 2,100 

Chief Consular Bureau — Wilbur J. Carr, New York 2,100 

Chief Indexes and Archives — Pendleton King, N. Carolina 2,100 

Chief Bureau Accounts — Thos. Morrison, New York 2,100 

Chief Bureau Rolls and Library — A. H. Allen, N. Carolina .. 2,100 

Chief Bureau of Foreign Commerce — Frederick Emory, Md. .. 2,100 

Chief Bureau Appointments — R. B. Mosher, Kentucky 2,100 

Chief Bureau of Passports — Gailliard Hunt, D. C 2,100 

Solicitor — Wm. L. Penfield, Indiana 3,500 

TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 

Assistant Secretary — Horace A, Taylor, Wisconsin $ 4,500 

Assistant Secretary — Robert B. Armstrong, Illinois 4,500 

Assistant Secretary — Chas. H. Keep , New York 4 , 500 

Chief Clerk— Wallace H. Hills 3,000 

Chief Appointment Div. — Chas. Lyman, Connecticut 2,750 

Ch. Bookkeeping Div. — W. F. MacLennan, New York .... 3,500 

Chief Public Moneys Div. — E. B. Daskam, Connecticut .... 2,500 

Chief Customs Division — ^James L. Gerry, Illinois 2,750 

Chief Loans and Currency Div. — A. T. Huntington. Mass.. 2,500 

Chief Stationery and Printing Div. — G. Simmons, D. C. ... 2,500 

Chief Mails and Files Division — S. M. Gaines, Kentucky.. 2,500 

Chief Miscellaneous Division — Lewis Jordan, Indiana 2,500 

Supt. Ins. Gen. Steam Vessels — ^J. A. Dumont, New York.. 3,500 

Director of Mint — Geo. E. Roberts, Iowa 4,500 

Government Actuary — Joseph S. McCoy, New Jersey 1,800 

Chief Bureau Statistics— Oscar P. Austin, D. C 3,500 

Supt. Life-Saving Service — S. 1. Kimball, Maine 4,000 

Naval Secretary Light House Board — Chas. T. Hutchins.... 5,000 

Blue B<M)k-23 



322 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Ttm Federal Government — Oontiiiiied. 

TREASURY DEPARTMENT— CoatJnned. 

Supt. Surgeon General — Walter Wyman, Missonri $ 5,000 

Dircclur llur. Eng. and Printing — W. M. Meredith, Dfioois 4,500 

Supervising Architect— -James K. Taylor, PennsyH-amia 4,500 

Suiicrinientlcnt Coast Survey — Otto H. Ttttmen, MisBonri. . 5,000 

Coin, of Navigation — E. T. Chamberlain, New York 3,600 

Comptroller of Treasury — Robt. J. Tracewell, Indiana 5,500 

Asst. Comptroller of Treasury — Leandcr P. Mitchell, Ind 4,500 

Auditor for Treasury — Wra. E. Andrews, Nebraska 4,000 

Auditor for War Department — F. E. Rittman 4,000 

Au«litor for Interior Dcpt. — R. A. Person, South Dakota.. 4,000 

Au«litor for Navy Department — ^W. W. Brown, Pennsyhrania 4,000 

Auditor for State, ftc. — Ernest G. Timme, Wisconsin 4,000 

Auditor for Po»t Office Department — T. McCardy, Minnesota 4,000 

Treasurer of United States— Ellis H. Roberts, New York 6,000 

Assistant Treasurer — James F. Meline, Ohio 3,600 

Deputy Asst. Treasurer — G. C. Bantz, Maryland 3,600 

RcRister Treasury — ^Judson W. Lyons, Georgia 4,000 

Deputy Register — Cyrus F. Adams 2,250 

Comptroller of Currency — Wm. B. Ridgley, Illinois 5,000 

Commissioner Internal Revenue — ^John W. Yerkes 6,000 

I)cp. Commissioner Internal Revenue — R. Williams, Jr., La. 4,000 

Den. Commissioner Internal Revenue — T. C. Wheeler, Mich. 3,600 

Solicitor Internal Revenue — Geo. M. Thomas 4,500 

Solicitor of Treasury — M. D. O'Connell, Iowa 4,500 

Chief Secret Service— Jno. E. Wilkie, Illinois 4,000 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 

Assistant Secretary— Robert Shaw Oliver, New York $ 4,500 

Chief Clerk— John C. Scoficld, Georgia 8,000 

Disbursing Clerk— Sydney E. Smith 2,000 

Adjutant General — Major General H. C. Corbin 7,500 

Chief Clerk— R. P. Thian, New York 2,000 

Commissary General — Brigadier General J. F. Weston 5,500 

Chief Clerk— Emmett Hamilton 2 ,000 

Surgeon General— Brigadier General Robt. M. O'Reilly 5,500 

Chief Clerk— George A. Jones, New York 2,000 

Judge Advocate General — Brigadier General Geo. W. Davis 5,500 

Chief Clerk— L. W. Call, Kansas 2,000 

Inspector General — Brigadier General Geo. H. Burton 5,500 

Chief Clerk— Warren H. Orcutt, Maine 1,400 

Quartermaster General — Brigadier General C. F. Humphrey 5,500 

Chief Clerk— Henry D. Saxton, Mass 2,000 

Paymaster General — Brigadier General Francis S. Dodge 5 , 500 

Chief Clerk— Thomas M. Exley, Massachusetts 2,000 

Chief of Engineers — Brigadier General A. Mackenzie 5,500 

Chief Clerk— P. J. Dempsey, Virginia 2,000 

Officer Charge Public Building— Col. T. W. Symons 4,500 

Chief Clerk— E. F. Concklin, New York 2,400 

Landscape Gardener — George H. Brown, D. C 2,000 

Chief of Ordnance — Brigadier General William Crozier .... 5,500 

Chief Clerk- John J Cook, D. C 2,000 

Chief Signal Officer — Brigadier General A. W. Greeley 6,500 

Chief Clerk— George A. Warren 2,000 

Chief Rec. and Pen. Office — Brig.-Gen. F. C Ainsworth 6,500 

NAVY DEPARTMENT. 

Assistant Secretary — Chas. H. Darling, Vermont $ 4,500 

Chief Clerk — Benjamin F. Peters, Pennsylvania 2,500 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



323 



The Federal Government — Continued. 

NAVY DEPARTMENT— Continued. 

•Chief Yards and Docks— Civil Engineer M. T. Endicott $ 5,500 

♦Chief Ordnance — Com. W. E. Mason 6,600 

•Chief Supplies and Accounts — Paymaster General Henry 

T. B. Harris 6,500 

•Chief Medicine— Surgeon General P. M. Rixey 6,500 

•Chief Equipment— Capt. Henry E. Manney 5,600 

•Chief Constructor— W. L. Capps 6,500 

•Chief Navigation — G. A. Converse 6,500 

•Engineer-in-Chief— C. W. Rae 5,500 

Inspector Pay Corps — C. W. Littlefield 4,400 

Judge Advocate General — Commander S. W. B. Diehl 8 , 500 

Pres. Nav. Exam. Board — Rear Admiral John C. Watson... 6-, 875 

Pres. Naval Retiring Board — Rear Admiral John C. Watson 6,875 

Chief Intelligence Office — Capt. S. Schroeder 2,975 

Supt. Naval Observatory — Capt. C. M. Chester 2,975 

Director Nautical Aim. — Prof. Walter S. Harshman 4,200 

Hydrographer — Commander H. M. Hodges 2,550 

Marine Corps— Brigadier General G. F. Elliott 5,500 

•Rank of Rear Admiral while holding said office. 

POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT. 



Chief Clerk— M. O. Chance, Illinois $ 2,600 

First Assistant P. M. G. — 4,000 

Second Assistant P. M. G.— W. S. Shallenberger, Pa 4,000 

Third Assistant P. M. G.— E. C. Madden, Mich 4,000 

Fourth Assistant P. M. G. — ^J. L. Bristow, Kansas 4,000 

Gen Supt. Railway Mail Service — ^Jas. E. White, Illinois.... 3,500 

Appointment - Clerk — ^William S. Nicholson 1 ,800 

Superintendent Foreign Mails — N. M. Brooks, Virginia .... 3,000 

Superintendent Money Order — E. F. Kimball, Mass 3,000 

Superintendent Dead Letter Office— J. R. Young, Pa 2,500 

Chief P. O. Inspector — ^Wm. J. Vickery, Indiana 8,000 

Supt. and Disbursing Clerk — R. B. Merchant, Virginia 2,100 

INTERIOR DEPARTMENT. 

First Assistant Secretary — ^Thomas Ryan, Kansas $ 6,000 

Assistant Secretary — Melville W. Miller 4 , 000 

Chief Clerk — Edward W. Dawson, Maryland 8,000 

Assistant Attorney General — Frank M. Campbell , D. C. . . 5 , 000 

Commissioner Land Office — ^Wm. A. Richards, Wyoming.. 5,000 

Assistant Commissioner — John H. Fimple 3,500 

Commissioner Pensions — E. F, Ware, Kansas 5,000 

First Deputy Com, of Pensions — Jas L. Davenport, N. H... 3,600 

Second Deputy Com. of Pensions — Leverett M. Kelly, 111... 3,600 

Commissioner Education — ^\\'illiam T. Harris, Mass 3,500 

Com. Indian Affairs — F. E. Leupp, D. C 5,000 

Assistant Commissioner — ^A. Clarke Tonner, Ohio 3,000 

Commissioner Patents — Frederick I. Allen 6,000 

Assistant Commisssioner — Edward B. Moore, Michigan .... 3,000 

Commissioner Railroads — ^James Longstreet, Georgia 4,500 

Director Geological Survey — Chas. D. Walcott, New York.. 6,000 

Chief Clerk Geological Survey— H. C. Riser, Kansas 2,250 

Superintendent capitol building and grounds — Elliott Woods, 
Indiana 



32+ 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



The Federal Government — Continued. 

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE. 

Solicitor General — Henry M. Hoyt $ 7,000 

Assistant Attorney General — M. D. Purdy 5,000 

Assistant Attorney General — John G. Thompson, Illinois.. 5,000 

Assistant Attorney General — Wm. A. Day 5 , 000 

Assistant Attorney General — Louis A. Pradt, Wisconsin .. 5,000 

Assistant Attorney General — Wm. E. Fuller : 5,000 

Assistant Attorney General Interior Dept. — Frank L. Campbell 5,000 
Assistant Attorney General Post Office Dept. — R. P. Good- 
win , Illinois 5 , 000 

Chief Clerk— O. J. Field, Kansas 2,750 

Law Clerk— A. J. Bentley, Ohio 2,750 

General Agent — Cecil Clay, West Virginia 4,000 

Appointment Clerk — J. H. Graves, Virginia 1 ,800 

Attorney for Pardons — Jas. S. Easby- Smith, Alabama 2,400 

Disbursing Clerk — Alexander P. Caine, Ohio 2,300 

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.* 

'Assistant Secretary — Walter M. Hays, Minn $ 4,500 

Private Secretary to the Secretary — Jasper Wilson 2 , 500 

Chief Clerk — S. R. Burch , Kansas 2 , 500 

Appointment Clerk — Joseph B. Bennett, Wisconsin 2,000 

Chief Weather Bureau — Willis L. Moore, Ohio ,. . 5,000 

Chief Bureau Animal Industry — D. E. Salmon, N. C. ...'.. 4,000 

Director Experimental Stations — A. C. True , Connecticut . . 3 , 000 

Chief Division Publications — Geo. Wm. Hill, Minnesota.. 2,500 

Chief Division Accounts — F. L. Evans, Pennsylvania '. 2,500 

Chief Division Soils — Milton Whitney, Maryland 3,000 

Agrostologist — William J. Spillman 2 , 500 

Chief Division Vegetable Physiology and Pathology — Albert 

F. Woods, Nebraska 2 , 500 

Statistician — ^John Hyde, Nebraska 3,000 

Chief Division Forestry — Gifford Pinchot, New York 3,000 

Entomologist — L. O. Howard, New York 2 ,500 

Chemist — H. W. Wiley , Indiana . . . : , 3 , 000 

Chief Division Biological Survey — C. H. Merriam, New York 2,500 

Botanist — Frederick V. Colville, New York 2,500 

Pomologist — Gustavus B. Brackett, Iowa 2,500 

Special Agent Road Inquiries — M. Dodge, Ohio 2,500 

Librarian — Josephine E. Clark 1 , 800 

Chief of Supply Division — F. M. Cleaver ^5, 000 

Chief of Division of Seeds— R. J. Whittleton, Illinois 5\P00 

Chief Bureau Plant Industry — B. T. Galloway, Missouri 3i«iP 

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND LABOR. 

Chief Clerk — Frank H. Hitchcock, Massachusetts $ 3,000 

Disbursing Clerk — W. H. Soleau, Maryland 2,500 

Commissioner Corporations — J. R. Garfield, Ohio 5,000 

Commissioner of Labor — Chas. P. Neill, D. C 5,000 

Chairman Light House Board — Rear Admiral R. D. Evans, 

u. s. N. ; 

Director Census — S. N. D. North, Massachusetts 7,500 

Supt. C. and G. Survey — O. H. Tittman, Missouri 5,000 

Chairman Bureau Statistics — Oscar P. Austin, D. C 3,500 

Sup. Insp. Gen. Steamboat Service — Geo. Uhler, Pa 3,500 

Commissioner Fisheries— <GI. M. Bowers, West Virginia.... 5,000 

Commissioner Navigation — E. T. Chamberlain, New York .. 3,600 

Commissioner General Immigration — F. P. Sargent, Illinois 5,000 

Director Bureau Standards — S. W Stratton, Illinois 5,000 



i 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



325 



The Federal Government^CJontinued. 



MISCELLANEOUS 



Civil Service Commissioner — John C. Black, Illinois $ 3,500 

Civil Service Commissioner — Henry F. Greene, Minnesota .. 3,500 

Civil Service Commissioner — Alvord W. Cooley, New York 3,500 

Chief Examiner Civil Serviee — F. M. Kiggins, Tennessee.. 3,000 

Secretary Civil Service — John T. Doyle , New York 4 . 2 , 000 

Government Printer — Frank W. Palmer, Illinois 4,500 

Librarian of Congress — Herbert Putnam , Massachusetts .... 6 , 000 

Assistant Librarian — A. R. Spofford, Ohio 4,000 

Director Bureau of American Republics — William W. Rock- 
hill, D. C. 5,000 

Chief Clerk Bureau of American Republics — William C. Fox, 

New York 2 , 000 

Secretary Smithsonian Institution — S. P. Langley, D. C 

Chief Bureau American Ethnology — W. H. Holmes 

Reciprocity Commissioner — John A. Kasson, Iowa 5,000 



INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION. 



Martin A. Knapp, New York, chairman $ 7,500 

Judson C. Clements, Georgia 7,500 

James D. Yeomans, Iowa 7,500 

Charles A. Prouty , Vermont 7 , 500 

Joseph W. Fifer , Illinois 7 , 500 

Edward A. Mosely, Massachusetts, secretary 3,500 

Martin S. Decker, New York, assistant secretary 3,000 



COMMANQERS-IN-CHIEF OF TH E UNITED STATES 

ARMY. 



Name 



From 



To 



Name 



From 



To 



*George Washington 
tHenry Knox .... 
josiah Harmer .... 
tArthur Sinclair . . 
t James Wilkinson .. 
tGeorge Washington 
§ James Wilkinson .. 
tHenry Dearborn . . 
tjacob Brown . . . . 
tAlexander Macomb 



1775 


1783 


1783 


1784 


1788 


1791 


1791 


1796 


1796 


1798 


1798 


1799 


1800 


1812 


1812 


1815 


1815 


1828 


1828 


1841 



tWinfield Scott 

tGeo. B. McClellan. 
tHenry W, Halleck. 
* Ulysses S. Grant . . 
*Wm. T. Sherman. . 
*Philip H. Sheridan 
nJ- M. Schofield .. 
ttNelson A. Miles .. 
tA. R. Chaffee 



1841 
1861 
1862 
1864 
1869 
1883 
1888 
1895 
1904 



1861 
1862 
1864 
1869 
1883 
1888 
1895 
1903 



* Rank of general, t Major general, t Lieutenant general. - § Briga- 
dier general. Josiah Harmer was lieutenant colonel and general-in-chief 
by brevet. U Created a lieutenant general by act of congress previous 
to his retirement, tt Created lieutenant general 1900. 



326 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

RELATIVE RANK OF OFFICERS. 

IN THE UNITED STATES ARMY AND NAVY. 

(Section 1466 of the Revised Sututcs of the United SUtes.) 

Generals rank with Admirals. 
Lieutenant Generals rank with Vice Admirals 
Major Generals rank with first nine Rear Admirals. 
Brigadier Generals rank with Rear Admirals after the first nine 
and Commodores. 

Colonels rank with Captains. 

Lieutenant Colonels rank with Commanders. 

Majors rank with Lieutenant Commanders. 

Captains rank with Lieutenants. 

First Lieutenants rank with Lieutenants Junior Grade. 

Second Lieutenants rank with Ensigns. 

Cadets rank with Midshipmen. 



GENERAL STAFF OF THE ARMY. 

Lieutenant General Adna R. Chaffee, Chief of Staff. 
Major General George L. Gillespie. Brigadier General Tasker H. Bliss. 

Brigadier General John P. Story. 

The actual strength of the army on October 15, 1904, including the 
Philippine Scouts and the Porto Rico regiment, was 3,865 officers and 
64,133 enlisted men; total, 67,998. There were lost to the army in 
the year ended June 30, 1904, 168 officers and 29,981 enlisted men. 
Of the officers twenty-four were killed in action or died from wounds 
or disease. Of the men 387 were killed in action or died from wounds 
or disease, the remainder representing men discharged for expiration 
of term of service, for disability, by sentence of court martial, de- 
sertions and retirements. There were in the Philippine Scouts and 
the Porto Rico Regiment on October 15, 1904, 121 officers and 4,527 
enlisted men. 



DIGEST OF GOVERNMENT LAND LAWS. 

1. No lands are subject to private cash entry, except in the state 
of Missouri. The timber culture and pre-emption laws have been 
repealed. 

2. Homestead entries can be made for not more than one quarter 
section, or 160 acres of land. 

3. All applicants must stand upon equal footing, with equal rights 
and privileges to enter the public lands. "First come, first served.** 

4. The land office fees and commissions, payable when application 
is made, are as follows: 

On lands outside of the railroad limits (outside the distance of forty 
miles on each side of the center of the track of the N. P. Ry.) $14 
for 160 acres; $13 for 120 acres; $7 for eighty acres; $6 for forty 
acres. 

On lands within the railroad limits, $18 for 160 acres; $16 for 120 
acres; $9 for eighty acres; $7 for forty acres. 

An entry of 81 acres will cost $10 fee besides the regular com- 
mission, at either $1.26 or $2.50 per acre. 

In the Pacific states and Rocky Mountain region the charges are 
a little more. 

6. The applicant must in every case state in his application his place 
of actual residence, and the post office address to which notices 
relative to his entry shall be sent, and his full name. 

6. Amendments of fihng and entries are allowed by the general 
land office for real errors, where improvements were made by mis- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 327 

take on the wrong tract, but not for blunders which the claimant 
could have avoided by reasonable care and investigation. 

Application for amendment must be sworn to and corroborated un- 
der seal and in no case need be more than two pages in length; 
must show how the error was made; that applicant has not sold 
or encumbered the tract; and that the amendment is not asked for 
the purpose of letting some one else enter the tract vacated. 

7. When a person desires to enter a tract of land, he may ap- 
pear personally at the district land office and present his application 
and make the required affidavit before the register and receiver. He 
must establish his residence in a house to be built on the land within 
six months from the date of entry, and must, in order to maintain 
his entry, reside on and cultivate the tract for five years, unless he 
desires to commute and pay for the land in cash or equivalent, which 
can be done after fourteen months of actual and continuous resi- 
dence on and cultivation of the tract. 

8. The homestead affidavit can be made before the judge or clerk 
of a court of record or before a commissioner of the United States 
district court, within the county in which the land lies (or if outside 
of the county affidavit must be made that it was taken before the 
nearest and most accessible officer qualified to take said affidavits), 
and save the journey to the land office. 

9. Entries undey the homestead law can be completed after five 
years actual residence; but the applicant is required to file with the 
register his notice of intention to make proof, with the required fee 
for publication, and it is the duty of the register to have said notice 
published, when the applicant will appear with two witnesses named 
in the notice and make proof on day named, and before officer men- 
tioned. Proofs can be made before U. S. commissioners, but time 
may be saved by making proof at the local land office. 

10. In case of death of entryman, his widow has the right, at 
the proper time, to make proof of his residence, and her residence 
c"r cultivation of the tract for the required time, and in case of the 
death of the widow, then the heirs or devisees. 

A homestead right cannot be devised away from the widow or 
minor children. 

11. Under an act of congress approved March 2, 1889, a party 
who entered lands, prior to said act, has the right, where his said 
entry was canceled for any cause, to enter again, and where his 
entry is of record, he having failed to comply with the laws as to 
residence, has the right to relinquish his claim to the United States, 
and enter the same or other tract, provided no other right has at- 
tached; the act further provides that, when an entry has been made, 
and the applicant is residing on ' the land entered , which was for less 
than 160 acres, he has the right to enter, if adjoining, enough land 
to make 160 acres; and if none is adjoining he has the right to 
make entry elsewhere, after having proved up his first entry, the 
two entries not to contain over 160 acres. 

In the act of congress approved June 5, 1900, section 2 provides 
that any person who has theretofore made a homestead entry and 
commuted same under section 2301, revised statutes, and the amend- 
ments thereto, shall be entitled to the benefits of the homestead 
laws as though such former entry had not been made, but commutation 
under section 2301, revised statutes, shall not be allowed of an 
entry made under this section. 

Section 3 provides that any person who, prior to the passage 
of this act, has made a homestead entry, but from any cause has 
lost or forfeited the same, shall be entitled to the benefits of the 
homestead laws as though such former entry had not been made. 

The act of April 28, 1904, allows any person who has heretofore 
made a homestead entry and was unable to perfect the same on ac- 
count of some unavoidable complication of his personal or l)usines9 
affairs, or on account of an honest mistake as to character of the 
land, to make a second entry, providing it is shown to the satisfac- 



328 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

tion af the commissioner of the general land office that he made a 
bona fi.de effort to comply with the homestead law, and that he did 
not relinquish his entry or abandon his claim for" a consideration. 

A person applying to make entry under this section should be re- 
quired to file a formal application for a specific tract of land, on 
the regular homestead blanks, modified to show that the entry is 
made under the act of April 28, 1904, and to furnish a description 
of his former entry by section, township and .range, or the num- 
ber of the entry, and the land office where made. 

He should also be required to furnish an affidavit, duly corroborated 
by one or more disinterested witnesses, setting forth • in full the 
complications of his personal or business affairs that prevented his 
perfecting title to the land covered by his first entry, or where 
the failure to perfect title was caused by a mistake as to character 
of the land entered, the manner in which such mistake occurred, and 
the specific reasons that render the land worthless for agricultural 
purposes should be fully set forth. The affidavit should also show 
whether the applicant ever resided upon, improved or cultivated the 
land embraced in his former entry, and if so, to what extent, and 
that he did not abandon his claim thereto or relinquish- his entry 
for a valuable consideration. 

The second section of the act of April 28, 1904, is substantially 
a re-enactment of section 5 of the aqt of March 2 , 1889 (25 Stat. 
L. , 854), only modified so as to apply to entries for less than 160 
acres each made after the date of the act (April 28, 1904), as well 
as those made before, and provides for an additional entry of land 
which shall be contiguous to the land embraced in the original en- 
try, for which the final proof of residence and cultivation made on 
tke original entry shall be sufficient, but of which no party shall 
have the benefit who does not, at the date of his application there* 
for, own and occupy the land covered by his original entry, and which 
shall not be permitted, or if permitted shall be canceled, if the 
original entry should fail for any reason prior to patent, or should 
appear to be illegal or fraudulent. Applicants for additional entries 
under this section will be required to produce evidence that they own 
and occupy the land embraced in the original entries, to be properly 
described by legal subdivisions and by reference to the number and 
date of the original entry, and the evidence to consist of their own 
affidavits, corroborated by the affidavits of disinterested witnesses 
executed before any officer authorized to administer oaths in such 
cases in the county, parish or land district in which the land ap- 
plied for is situated, under section 2294, United States revised 
statutes, as amended by act of March 4, 1904 (Public — No. 37). In 
addition to this the proper homestead application and affidavit must 
be filed, which may be on the forms prescribed under the act of 
March 3, 1879 (4-018 and 4-086), properly modified so as to show 
the section and act under which application is made, and the affi- 
davit modified by striking out the portion that refers to military 
services, which is not required under this act. Commutation, under 
the provision of section 2301, revised statutes, of an entry made 
under this act, is prohibited. 

12. Under act of congress approved August 30, 1890, one person 
can enter only 320 acres of land. Affidavit to this effect must ac- 
company all applications to enter. (Form 4-102B.) This act is^ held 
to be prospective and not retroactive. Thit is, no matter how much 
land a party entered prior to the date of the above act, he may 
thereafter, if in other respects qualified, enter 320 acres, but not 
more. This law does not apply to mineral or coal lands, but to lands 
which are classed as agricultural lands. The government does not 
guarantee that its "agricultural" lands will produce crops. Hence 
the intending settler should carefully examine in person or by agent 
the land he or she intends to enter. 

13. A party desiring to relinquish his land to the United States 
for the purpose of re-entering, or for the purpose of letting others 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 329 

enter, must make the following relinquishment on the back of his 
duplicate receipt, acknowledged before some officer with a seal: "I 
hereby relinquish all my right, title, interest and claim in and to 
the within described land to the United States." Relinquishment 
made at the land office can be made without any cost. In the event 
of the loss of the duplicate receipt, an affidavit accounting for the 
loss, made under seal, and relinquishment thereon, will be sufficient. 

14. A single woman does not forfeit her homestead entry by mar- 
riage if thereafter she continues to comply with the law as to resi- 
dence, improvements and cultivation. 

The act of congress approved June 6, 1900, provides that, "Where 
an unmarried woman who has heretofore settled, or may hereafter 
settle, upon a tract of public land, improved, established and main- 
tained a bona fide residence thereon, with the intention of appro- 
priating the same for a home, subject to the homestead law, and 
has married, or shall hereafter marry, before making entrjr of said 
land, or before making application to enter said land, she shall not 
on account of her marriage forfeit her right to make entry and receive 
patent for land; provided, that she does not abandon her residence 
on said land, and is otherwise qualified to make homestead entry; 
provided further, that the man whom she marries is not, at the 
time of their marriage, claiming a separate tract of land under the 
homestead law. 

Where a married woman applies to make a homestead entry under 
this act, she must show by affidavit that prior to her marriage she 
settled upon the land applied for, improved, established and main- 
tained a bona fide residence thereon, with the intention of appro- 
priating the same for a home; that the man she married was not, 
at the time of their marriage, claiming a separate tract of land under 
the homestead law. She should also give the date of her settlement 
and date of her marriage, and furnish the regular homestead affidavit 
showing that she is otherwise qualified to make homestead entry. 

15. The first actual settler who makes entry within three months 
after actual settlement is entitled to land, while the first man who 
makes entry may have been last to make settlement, and hence have 
the least claim to the land. 

16. A settlement does not mean actual residence, but preparation 
for it, to be followed up in good faith. The claimant should, in per- 
son, not by agent, start the erection of a new house, or begin 
some other improvements on the land he claims. A homestead entry 
does not reauire prior settlement, but it is safest to make a set- 
tlement at the earliest date. Unless residence on the land is es- 
tablished within six months from date of entry, the entry is liable 
to contest for abandonment. 

17. Final proof in homestead entries can be made after five years 
from date of entry or of actual residence on the land, and must be 
made before the expiration of seven years from date of entry. 

Section 2304 of the revised statutes allows every private soldier, 
officer, and every seaman, marine and officer, who served in the 
army, navy or marine corps of the United States during, the re- 
bell'on for ninety days, was honorably discharged and who has re- 
mained loyal to the government, the right to enter upon and receive 
patent to not more than IGO acres of public land subject to entry 
under the provisions of the homestead laws, and the same section 
was by act of congress of March 1 , 1901 , made applicable to every 
private soldier and officer in the army, and every seaman, marine 
or officer of the marine corps, who served in the Spanish war or who 
served in said forces during the Philippine insurrection, and such 
claimants will be allowed six months after locating the homestead 
and filing their declaratory statements, within which to make entry 
and commence settlement and improvement. Four years of such serv- 
ice, however, can only be credited. A party applying to make entry 
under these provisions of law must file with the register and receiver 
of the respective land office, a certified copy of his certificate of 



330 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

discharge, or an affidavit of two respectable and disinterested wit- 
nesses corroborative to allegations of enlistment and service. The 
declaratory statement may be filed by the soldier or sailor in person 
or through an agent. If in person it must be accompanied by the 
applicant^ statement under oath showing his residence and post oflScc 
address; it must further tfet forth the fact that it is made for ha 
exclusive use and benefit for the purpose of actual settlement and cul- 
tivation and not directly or indirectly for the use or benefit of any 
other person. That he has not made a prior homestead entry or filed 
a declaratory statement under the homestead laws. That he is not the 
owner of more than one hundred and sixty acres of land in any state 
or territory of the union, whether it be by quest, devise, purchase 
in fee simple or under contract upon which payments may not have 
been completed. That since Augfust 30, 1890, he has not entered 
under the land laws of the United States, or filed upon a quantity 
of land, agricultural in character, which with the tracts not ap- 
plied for would make more than 320 acres. The fee for filing the 
declaratory statement is $2 in all public land states east of the 
Rocky mountains, and ^$3 in all of tne Pacific states and territories. 
The declaratory statement may be filed by an agent and in that 
case in addition to the soldier's or sailor's statement under oath, 
supra, must be accompanied by a declaration of the name and 
authority of the agent, the date of the power of attorney or other 
instrument creating the agency. The agent's name must be inserted 
before execution of the instrument, and this fact must be distinctly 
and specifically averred. It must further be shown that the agent 
has no right or interest, direct or indirect, in such declaration or 
filing. In regards to the agent, he must make oath that he has no 
right or interest, present or prospective, direct or indirect, that 
the declaratory statement is filed by him for the sole benefit of the 
soldier or sailor, and that no arrangement has been made whereby 
said agent has been empowered at any future time 'to sell or relin- 
quish such filing or claim, either as agent or by filing an original 
relinquishment of the claimant. ^ A soldier or sailor will be held to 
have exhausted his homestead right by the filing of his declaratory 
statement, its only privilege in addition to other privileges being the 
right and power to hold the claim for six months after selection 
and before entry. It is not a license to abandon such selection with 
the right thereafter to make a regular homestead entry independently 
of such filinfif. 

Under section 2309 of the revised statutes, a soldier or sailor must 
in person make his actual entry within six months and must there- 
after fulfill all the requirements of law, and this must be done on the 
same land selected and located by the filing. In case of the death 
of the person entitled to make a filing or entry under preceding sec- 
tions, his rights descend upon the widow, under section 2307 of the 
revised statutes, or in case of her death or remarriage, upon the 
minor children of the soldier or sailor, who will be permitted to 
make entry through a guardian, regularly appointed by the judge of 
court haying jurisdiction oyer such matters. In either of these 
cases (widows or minor children), the law as to residence, culti- 
vation and improvement must be fulfilled in like manner as it would 
have been required of the soldier or sailor if living and the filing or 
entry made by him under section 2304, supra, except that in either 
of tnese instances credit will be given on the five year period of com- 
pliance with the requirements of the homestead laws, for the entire 
term of enlistment. (See departmental decision in the case of Anna 
Bowes, 32 L. D. 831.) In case of the widow of a deceased soldier 
or sailor making the filing or entry, she, in addition to the pre- 
scribed evidence of her husband's military service, must furnish an 
affidavit of widowhood, aver the date of husband's death and furnish 
proof thereof. In the case of minor orphan children in addition 
to the prescribed evidence of the father's military service, proof of his 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 331 

death, proof of the remarriage or death of the mother must be fur- 
nished. 

18. The receiver's duplicate homestead receipt, which the entry- 
man received on making entry, should be surrendered on making com- 
muted ^ or final homestead proof. 

Parties are often put . to a great loss and inconvenience by the loss 
of receiver's receipts, which should alwa3rs be carefully preserved. 

19. The application to make proof (blank No. 4-348, homestead), 
should be signed by the claimant himself. His four witnesses should, 
if possible, be near neighbors, fully conversant with the facts es- 
sential to perfect proof, and none of them should be a relative of 
the claimant. 

20. It is the duty of applicant who makes proof before county 
officers to see that each question is filled out with complete answers; 
must show that he is a native born citizen of the United States, if 
such is the case; and if not, then certified copy of naturalization papers 
will be sufficient; if the entry is by a woman she must state speci- 
fically in the proof whether or not she is married or single; appli- 
cants should in every case see that the names of witnesses used in 
making proof are properly advertised, and that they sign their names 
as advertised, and in giving the names to be published they should 
ascertain and give their full christian names, and, if possible, the 
four living nearest the land for which proof is to be made. Much 
trouble and delay has been occasioned by doubtful or different spell- 
ing of names. Some persons have actually spelled their names 
three different ways in making one proof. This makes necessary 
correspondence and explanatory affidavits, causes delays in receipt of 
patents and places suspicion on proof. 

21. The proof should, if possible, be taken on tne day advertised, 
before the officer advertised, with the evidence of at least two of 
the witnesses advertised: these together with the duplicate receipt 
and the required fees and commissions should be sealed up and 
transmitted to the receiver, on the same day proof is taken. 

22. The land office commissions, payable at the time of making 
final homestead proof, are as follows. 

On land outside certain railroad limits: 

For 160 acres $4 

For 120 acres 3 

For 80 acres 2 

For 40 acres 1 

On land within the railroad limits: 

For 160 acres $8 

For 120 acres 

For 80 acres 4 

For 40 acres 2 

The fees for reducing testimony to writing in making final proof 
are fifteen cents for each 100 words, which in each case amounts to 
$1, sometimes to $1.50, which must be transmitted with the final 
proof commissions. In the Pacific states and Rocky Mountain regions 
the charges are one-half higher. 

23. All applicants for land should see that their applications are 
made out for the exact numbers of land desired to be entered, which 
must lie and form a compact body. If for an adjoining farm, the land 
owned and resided on must form a compact body with the public 
land; and the two together must not exceed 160 acres. 

24. A married woman has no right to make a homestead entry ex- 
cept under the conditions prescribed in act of June 6, 1900, above 
mentioned. 

25. A single woman over the age of twenty-one years has the right 
to make a homestead entry. 

26. A man has to be twenty-one years of age to make an entry, 
unless he is married or the head of a family, must be a citizen 



332 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



of the United States, native born or naturalized, or have declared 
his intention to become a citizen. 

27. If a married woman who has been deserted by her husband 
desires to prove up, she should address the local oflScers of the land 
office, stating the nature of her case, and ascertain if she has 
the right to make proof. 

28. In case of death of both father and mother, the guardian 
of the minor children after obtaining the required order of the pro- 
bate court within two years of the death of the surviving parent, may 
sol) tlie land for the exclusive benefit of such minor children, and 
patent will issue to the purchaser on payment of the office fees. 

21). The widow or children of a homesteader are not required to 
rcHidc on their homestead after his death, but must continue culti- 
vation by .iffciit or otherwise. The widow can enter a homestead in 
her own ripht while cultivating that of her deceased husband, in 
whicli event she must actually reside On the land entered in her own 
n;utif. 

HO. Tn contests initiated by affidavit, the affidavit should be cor- 
roborated by preferably two witnesses. When service is had by piib- 
liiatinti. the posting of a copy of notice on the land, and mailing (by 
registered Utter), a copy to contestce, to his last known and recorded 
ad<lress, are absolutely essential, as is also proof of both, and this 
is the duty of the parties or their attorneys, not of the land officers. 

All aflfitfavlts filed as a basis for an order for the publication of 
n<Jtiiis in contest cases, except such as allege specifically that the 
entryinan is a resident of a given place outside of the state, must 
conl.iin the averment that the affiant has, within fifteen days last 
preceding the tiling of the said affidavit, endeavored to ascertain the 
wherinlionts of the defendant by diligently making the search and 
in<niirieH iiuiieatcd on the blank form of affidavit (form 4-628), pre- 
snihed for that purpose. After the word "has" in the second line 
of the body of the afiidavit, the words "with a view to obtaining 
personal serviee of notice" must be interlined in all affidavits not 
containing same. And the words "within the last fifteen days" must 
be inserted after the word "defendant" in the third line of the affi- 
davit, so that the same will read when corrected: , 

being fir >t duly sworn , deposes and says that he is 

in the above entitled contest; that he has, with a view to obtaining 
personal service of the notice, made diligent search and inquiry for 
the defendant within the last fifteen days (from date of affidavit) as 
follows (stating the exact date, places and persons of whom in- 
quiry was nia(le). All affiaavits not complying with the ^bove will 
be rejected without consideration of any rights lost thereby. 

31. Where a party desires to file a protest against an entry on 
the day of proof, it is the duty of the officer taking the proof to 
take down the protestant's testimony and that of his witnesses, and 
transmit the same with the proof to the local office. The party pro- 
testing must pay the cost of reducing the evidence of himself and 
witnesses to writing. 

32. The government does not issue a general map, showing what 
are public untaken lands. Land offices are authorized by law to 
furnish plats or diagrams showing what lands are vacant and what 
lands are taken. Parties writing for numbers, dates, descriptions, 
etc., of several tracts can get this information by ordering plats 
from local officers. 

The charges to be made by the local officers for the plat or diagram 
of a particular township are fixed as follows: 
For plat showing what land is public and what entered .... $1.00 

For plat showing entries and names of claimants 2.00 

For plat showing entries and names, numbers and charac- 
ters of land 3.00 

For plats showing entries and names, numbers and character 

anci date of entry, together with topography 4.00 

For plat or diagram of a part of a township or section, a 
proportionate amount is charged. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 333 

33. Any person desiring information about public land should al- 
ways give the section, township and range for which information 
is asked, together with the numbers of land, and such information 
will always be furnished free of charge by the local officers. 

34. When patents are received at- the office, the register and re- 
ceiver at once prepare notices and send to the entrymen, when they 
can return their duplicate final receipts given them at the date proof 
was made and patents will be sent free of charge. 

35. Papers once filed cannot be returned unless to correct a 
clerical error. 

36. It is the duty of the applicant when he makes application to 
ascertain from county or other records the exact area in the tract, 
and if over 160 acres, he must, in addition to the $14 entrance fee, 
pay for the excess over 160 acres at the rate of $1.25 jor $2.50 per 
acre, as the case may be, many parties having lost their lands by 
such failure. 

37. Where entry is made for land that has been covered by a 
prior entry, the residence will date from the time when the last en- 
try is placed on record, or from date of cancellation of the first 
entry, or from date of settlement, if settlement was after the date 

of cancellation. 

« 

38. No person who is the proprietor of more than 160 acres of 
land in any state or territory shall acquire any right under the home- 
stead law, and the disqualification to make homestead entry im- 
posed by section 2289 U. S. R. S. upon a female owning more than 
160 acres of land extends to one who holds land under a contract of 
purchase, though the payments thereunder have not been completed. 

39. A homesteader forfeits his entry if he transfers any portion 
thereof before final receipt issues, except it be for school, church 
or cemetery purposes, or for the right of way of railroads, canals, 
or ditches for irrigating purposes. 

40. Military bounty land warrants and other cheap scrip can be 
us^d at a discount in place of cash in commuted homestead entries, 
where the entryman, having resided on and cultivated the tract em- 
braced by his homestead entry for fourteen months, advertises and 
makes the required proof. 

41. The secretary of the interior is authorized, upon proof being 
made to his satisfaction that any tract of land has been erroneously 
sold by the United States, so that from any cause the sale cannot 
be confirmed, to repay to the purchaser, or to his legal representa- 
tives or assigns, the sum of money which was paid therefor, out of 
any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated. 

42. In case of application for repayment where patent has not 
issued, the duplicate receipt must be surrendered. The applicant 
must also make affidavit that he has not transferred or otherwise en- 
cumbered the title of the land, and that said title has not become 
a matter of record. This affidavir may be made before either the 
register or receiver of the district land office, or before a notary 
public or_ a justice of the peace, or other officer authorized to ad- 
minister oaths. When made before a notary public or justice of the 
peace, a certificate of official character is required. 

43. Parties who have made entries of less than 160 acres of land 
are, under some circumstances, allowed to enter enough more land 
to make up 160 acres; in some cases they are permitted to relinquish 
their entries and make new entries. A full statement of the facts 
in each case should be submitted to the local officers for their judg- 
ment and advice. 

44. Isolated tracts of land are those pieces that have been open 
to homestead entry for a period of three years and all surrounding 
contiguous lands taken for said period. Any person can cause them 
to be sold by depositing $5 for advertising fee with the local land 
office. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 
It shows tbe systetn of numtmins of MctuiDS — Id 



















K^.".'-;; 
















1 fidelity to »ny fo.eign 






also tbBl he 




g™ii^"^^. 





OATH ON APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION.— At 


the lime of 




oath, before 


omc one of the courU above specified "Ibal lie will 


support the 
and entirely 


onstilution of the United Stales, and that he absoluely 




very foreign 


prince, potentate, state or sovereignty, and particularly 


by name to 




waa before 


a clliKn or subject." 




CONDITIONS OF CITIZENSHIP.— It must appear 


to the latis- 


action of Ihe court to which the alien has applied for 


final sdmis- 




d States for 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 335 

TITLES OF NOBILITY.— If the applicant bears any hereditary 
titles or belong to any order of nobility^, he must make an express 
renunciation at the time of his application. 

SEAMEN. — Seamen who have declared their intention to become 
citizens, and who, subsequently to such declaration, have served 
three years on board a merchant vessel of the United States, may 
be admitted to citizenship. 

NA\nr OR MARINE CORPS.— Any alien, twenty-one years of 
age or over, who has served five years or over in the United States 
Navy or United. States Marine Corps and has been honorably dis- 
charged, may, upon application to a court as specified above, proof 
of good moral character, five years' service and honorable discharge, 
be admitted a citizen of the United States. 

WIFE. — ^A wife becomes a citizen by her husband's naturalization, 
if she might herself be lawfully naturalized. 

MINORS. — Any alien under the age of twenty-one, who has re- 
sided in the United States three years next preceding liis twenty- 
first birthday, and has continued to reside therein up to the time 
he makes application to be admitted a citizen, may, after he arrives 
at the age of twenty-one, and after he has resided five years within 
the United States, including the three years of his minority, be ad- 
mitted a citizen; but he must take a declaration on oath and prove to 
the satisfaction of the court that for two years next preceding, it 
has been his bona fide intention to become a citizen. 

CHILDREN OF NATURALIZED CITIZENS.— The children of 
persons who have been duly naturalized, being under twenty-one 
at the time of the naturalization of their parents, shall, if dwelling 
in the United States, be considered as citizens. 

CITIZENS' CHILDREN BORN ABROAD.— The children of per- 
sons who are now or have been citizens of the United States are 
considered as citizens, though they may be born out of the limits 
and jurisdiction of the United States. 

CHINESE. — The naturalization of Chinese is prohibited by section 
14, chapter 126, laws of 1882. 

PROTECTION OF NATURALIZED CITIZENS.— Section 2,000 
of the Revised Statutes of the United States expressly declares that 
"all naturalized citizens of the United States while in foreign coun- 
tries are entitled to and shall receive from this government the same 
protection of person and property which is accorded to native-born 
citizens." 

THE RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE.— The right to vote is conferred 
b}r the state, naturalization by the United States. In several states 
aliens, who have declared their intentions, enjoy the right to vote 
equally with naturalized or native-born citizens. But the federal 
naturalization laws apply to the whole union alike, and no alien 
may be naturalized until after five years' residence, except an honor- 
ably discharged soldier or a person whose parents have been natural- 
ized while he was under twenty-one years of age, as above recited. 
Even after five years' residence and due naturalization he is not 
entitled to vote unless the laws of the state confer the privilege upon 
him. 

In North Dakota to be an elector one must be a citizen of the 
United States or "has declared his intention to become such one 
year and not more than six years prior to election day." 



336 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 






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338 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VARIOUS MONEYS OF aRCULATlON. 

JhtTt arc ttn different kinds of mooey in cxrcnlatioit in tke United 
Sut^, namely, gold coin, standbud silrer dollars, sabn^arj silVer, 
(((Ad certificates , tilver certificates, treasory notes issued under the 
Htt of July 14, 1890; United Sutcs notes (also called greenbacks and 
\rf(A\ tenaers;, national bank notes and mckd aad bronxe coins. 
'tUt%*t forms of money arc all arailable as circulatioa. 

(told coin is legal tender at its nommal or face Talne for all debts, 
fmhVic and private, when not below tbe standard weight and limit 
of toI^rance prescribed "by law; and when below sodi standard of toler- 
ance; it is legal tender in proportion to its weight. 

St^iindard silver dollars are legal tender at their nominal or fzcc 
value in payment of all debts , ^ public and private, without regard 
to the amount, except where otherwise expressly stiptilated in the 
contract. 

.Suf>»irliary silver is legal tender for amounts not exceeding $10 
in any one payment. Treasury notes of the act of July 14, 1890, 
are Icj^al tender for all debts, public and private, except where 
otherwise expressly stipulated in the contract. 

United States notes are legal tender for all debts, public and 
private, except duties on imports and interest on the public debt. 

(iold certificates, silver certificates and national bank notes are not 
legal tender, but such classes of certificates arc receivable for all 
put)lic duc4, while national bank notes are receivable for all public 
dues except duties on imports, and may be paid out by the govern- 
ment for all salaries and other debts and demands owing by the 
United .Sfat<« to individuals, corporations and associations witlun the 
United .St.'itcs, except interest on the public debt and in redemption 
of the national currency. All national banks are required by law to 
receive the notei of other national banks at par. 

The minor coins of nickel and copper are legal tender to the ex- 
tent of 25 tents. 

The coinage of the legal tender gold was authorized by the first 
coinaRe act, passed by congress April 2, 1792. The gold unit of 
value is the dollar, which contains 25.8 grains of standard gold, 
900 fine. The amount of fine gold in the dollar is 23.22 grains, and 
the remainder of the weight is an alloy of copper. 

The silver unit is the dollar, which contains 412^ grains of stand- 
ard silver 000 fine. The amount of fine silver in the dollar is 371% 
grains, and there are il% grains of copper alloy. 



MISCELLANEOUS TABLE OF THINGS, DISTANCES, 

BOOKS, ETC. 

A book composed of sheets folded into 2 leaves is a folio. 
A book composed of sheets folded into 4 leaves is a quarto. 
A book composed of sheets folded into 8 leaves is an octavo (8vo.) 
A book composed of sheets folded into 12 leaves is a duodecimo 
(12mo). 
A book composed of sheets folded into 16 leaves is a 16mo. 
12 units make a dozen. 
12 dozen make a gross. 
12 gross (144 dozen) make 1 great gross. 
20 units make 1 score. 
56 pounds of butter make 1 firkin. 
100 pounds of fish make 1 quintal. 
196 pounds of flour make 1 barrel. 

200 pounds of beef, pork, shad or salmon make 1 barrel. 
24 sheets of paper make 1 quire. 
20 quires make 1 ream. 
2 reams make 1 bundle. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 339 

5 bundles make 1 bale. 

3 barleycorns make one inch. 

18 inches make 1 cubit. 

22 inches make 1 sacred cubit. 

9 gallons make one English firkin. 

2 firkins make 1 kilderkin. 

2 kilderkins make I barrel. 

26 pounds make 1 keg (powder). 
IQO pounds make 1 cental (grain measure). 
100 pounds make 1 cask (raisin measure). 
256 pounds make 1 barrel of soap. 
280 pounds make 1 barrel of salt. 
31% gallons make 1 barrel (wine measure). 
42 gallons make 1 tierce (wine measure). 
63 gallons make 1 hogshead (wine measure). 
84 gallons make 1 puncheon (wine measure). 
126 gallons make 1 pipe (wine measure). 
252 gallons make 1 tun (wine measure). 

8 bushels of wheat (of 70 pounds each) make 1 quarter (European 
measure). 

8 bushels of salt make 1 hogshead. 

36 bushels of coal make 1 chaldron (English). 

32 bushels make 1 chaldron (American). 

14 pounds make 1 stone. 

2114 stones make 1 pig (iron). 

8 pigs make 1 fother. 

24% cubic feet (masonry) make 1 perch. 
100 square feet (carpentry) make 1 square. 
1,760 yards (6,280 feet) make 1 statute mile. 
2,028.63 yards (6,085.9 feet) make 1 nautical mile. 

3 miles make 1 league. 

Q9^, statute miles make 1 degree (of latitude). 
60 geographical miles make 1 degree (of latitude). 
860 degrees make 1 circle. 
60 pairs of shoes make 1 case. 

9 inches make 1 quarter (of a yard). 
% inch makes 1 ell (Flemish). 

5 quarters make 1 ell (English). 

6 quarters make 1 ell (French). 

4 inches make 1 hand (measuring horses). 

6 feet make 1 fathom (depth of water). 
120 fathoms make 1 cable-length. 

7 1-3 cable-lengths make 1 mile. 
640 acres make 1 square mile. 

36 square miles make 1 township. 

4 farthings make 1 penny (marked d). 
12 pence make 1 shilling (marked s). 

20 shillings make 1 pound (marked £). 

21 shillings make 1 quinea. 

5 shillings make 1 crown. 



USEFUL INFORMATION ABOUT STEAM. 

A cubic inch of water evaporated under atmospheric pressure is 
approximately converted into one cubic foot of steam. 

The horse power of boilers, as per standard adopted by the Am. 
S. M. E. , is 30 pounds water evaporated per hour at a pressure of 
70 pounds per square inch and from a temnerature of 100 deg. Fahr. 

Well designed boilers, under successful operation, will evaporate 
from 7 to 10 pounds of water per pround of first class coal. 

Each square foot of heating surface is considere*' suffi'^-ient to 
evaporate two pounds of water; therefore, for an engine using 30 



;;40 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



pounds watrr per hone power per hour, each horse powc-' erf tbe 
engine require n 15 square feet heating surface in the bo&r. 

On one square foot of fire grate can be bnmed on an 
10 to 19 pounds hard coal, or 18 to 20 pounds soft coal, 
with natural draft. 

Two and one-quarter pounds of dry wood is equal to one poozxd 
of average quality of soft coal. 

Stram engines consume from 12 to 50 pounds of feed water, 
from 1^ to 7 pounds of coal, per hour per indicated horse power. 

Condrnsing engines require from 20 to 30 times the amount of 

water to 



feed water tor condensing purposes; approximately for most 

1 to 1 Ml gallons condensing water per mmute per indicated horse pofwcr- 

Siirfnrr condensers for compound steam engines require two square 
fret of tof)ling surface per horse power; ordinary engines wiH require 
ninrr Hiiifatc nccording to their economy in the use of steam. It is 
at)qr)lnlrly nctrxnary tnat the air-pump should be set lower than the 
conflrii«rr for Bati«»factory results. 

The efTrct of a good air-pump and condenser should be to get 25 
iinhrq of vacuum and to make available about 10 pounds more mean 
elTrctivr pressure with the same terminal pressure, or to give the same 
iiiemt effective pressure with a correspondingly less terminal pressure. 
Approximately, a good condenser will save one-fourth of the fuel 
iniiminio'l, ot . In other words, increase the power of the engine one- 
ftiiirlh, tiie fuel connumtion remaining the same. 



USEFUL INFORMATION ABOUT WATER, ETC. 

1 ciiliic inch wrighs .0301 pounds. 

I potinci contains J??. 7 cubic inches. 

I ( nliic foot uci^jliB (51?. 4245 pounds at 39 deg. F.; 7.48 gallons U. 
S. ; 0.;':iM ^nllons Imperial. 

1 finljoii l^ S. wciKlis 8.33111 pounds; 231 cubic inches; '.11336S 
culiir ffCt. 

1 InipMial gallon wcjkIis 10 pounds at 62 deg. F.; 277.274 cubic 
itKJif?; .1(1040 culiic frrt. 

1 pnmiil imn-mic cf|uals 9.31 feet in height. 

1 foot in hri«l>t cqttals .433 pounds pressure. 

INlioUtiin wctglm '/j pounds per U. S. gallon, 42 gallons to the 
l»ai n I, 

To tntivctt Tmpctlal gallons into U. S. gallons, multiply by the factor 
l.y. To roil vet I U. S. tiallons into Imperial gallons mutipy by the 
fndor .M;i:in. 

A tnliic«'«» inch Is a measure for flow of water, and is the quan- 
tify of water that will flow in one minute through an opening one 
inch Rt|nntr In a plank 2 inches thick under a head of -6% inches 
to the tcnlcr of the otiricc. This is equivalent, approximately, to 
1.53 ctihic feci, or 11 '/j gallons per minute. 

To find the diameter of pump plungers to pump a given quantity 
•>f water at 100 feet piston speed per minute, divide the number of 
gallons by 4, then extract the square root, and the result will be 
the diameter In inches of the plungers. 

To find the number of gallons delivered per minute by a single 
double acting pump at 100 feet piston speed per minute, square the 
diameters of the plungers, then multiply by 4. - 

To find the horse power necessary to elevate water to a given 
hieght, multiply the weight of the water elevated per minute by the 
height in feet and divide the product by 83,000 (an allowance should 
be made for water friction and a further allowance for losses in the 
steam cylinder, say from 20 to 80 per cent). 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 341 

The mean pressure of the atmosphere is usually estimated at 14.7 
pounds per square inch, so that with sT perfect vacuum it will sustain 
a column of mercury 29.9 inches, or a column of water 33.9 feet high 
at sea level. 

To determine the proportion between the steam and the pump 
cylinder, multiply the given area of the pump cylinder by the resistance 
on the pump in pounds per square inch, and divide the product by 
the available pressure of steam in pounds per square inch. The pro- 
duct equals the area of the steam cylinder. To this must be added an 
extra area to overcome the friction, which is usually taken at 25 
per cent. 

The resistance of friction in the flow of water through pipes of 
uniform diameter is independent of the pressure and increases directly 
•as the length and the square of the velocity of th^ flow, and inversely 
as the diameter of the pipe. With wooden pipes the friction is 1.76 
times greater than in metallic. Doubling the diameter increases the 
capacity four times. 

To determine the velocity in feet per minute necessary to discharge 
a given volume of water in a given time, multiply the niunber of 
cubic feet of water by 144 and divide the product by the area of the 
pipe in inches. 

To determine the area of a required pipe, the volume and velocity 
of water being given, multiply the number of cubic feet of water by 
144 and divide the product by the velocity in feet per minute. 

To find the number of gallons in a tank, multipljr the inside bot- 
tom diameter in inches by the inside top diameter in inches, then this 
product by 34, point off four figures, and the result wil be the 
average number of gallons to one inch in depth of tank. 

For the circumference of a circle, multiply the diameter by 3.1416. 

For the diameter of a circle, multiply tne circiunference by .31381. 

For the area of a circle, multiply the square of the diameter by 
.7854. 

For the size of an equal square, multiply the diameter by .8862. 

For the surface of a ball, multiply the square of the diameter by 
3.1416. 

For the cubic inches in a ball, multiply the cube of the diameter 
by .5236. 



THE MILE IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES. 

The Irish mile is 2,240 yards. 

The Swiss mile is 9,153 yards. 

The Italian mile is 1,766 yards. 

The Scotch mile is 1,984 yards. 

The Tuscan mile is 1,808 yards. 

The German mile is 8,106 yards. 

The Arabian mile is 2,143 yards. 

The Turkish mile is 1,826 yards. 

The Flemish mile is 6,869 yards. 

The Vienna post mile is 8,296 yards. 

The Roman mile is 1,628 or 2,025 yards. 

The Werst mile is 1,167 or 1,337 yards. 

The Dutch and Prussian mile is 6,480 yards. 

The Swedish and Danish mile is 7,341.5 yards. 

The English and American mile is 1,760 yard§. 



342 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 












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STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



343 



POPULATION OF NORTH DAKOTA. 

•» 

State Census of 1905. 
BARNES COUNTY. 



A!ta township 

Anderson township 

Baldwin township 

Binghampton township 

Clark City township 

Cuba township 

Dazey village 

Dazey township 

Edna township 

Greenland township 

Green township 

Grand Prairie township 

Herman township 

Hobart township 

Lake township 

Litchville village 

Mansfield township 

Minnie Lake township 

Noltimier township 

Norma township 

Oakhill township 

Oriska township 

Pierce township 

Potter township . . . . , ; 

Rosebud township 

Rogers township 

Rariton township 

Sanborn village 

Svea township 

Skandia township 

Spring Creek township 

Springvale Township 

Thordenskjold township 

Uxbridge township 

Wimbledon village 

Valley City 

Weimer township 

Unorganized territory in Second Commissioner District 
comprising township 138, range 58, and township 139, 
range 59 

Unorganized territory in Third Commissioner District, 
comprising township 143, range 56; township 141, 
range 58; township 142, range 58; township 143 range 
58; township 141 , range 59 

Unorganized territory in Fourth Commissioner Distriif, 
comprising twnship 140, range 58 

Unorganized territory in Fifth Commissioner District, 
comprising township 140, range 61 and township 141, 
range 61 



246 
171 
206 
597 
124 
228 
231 
207 
254 
191 
293 
174 
219 
207 
144 
285 
185 
214 
285 
287 
585 
340 
214 
196 
238 
193 
455 
300 
152 
224 
252 
296 
600 
224 
450 
4,059 
154 



517 

951 
153 

425 



Total 



15,726 



344 



LEGISLATTV^ MANUAL 



BENSON COUNTY. 



Minnewaukan village 

Leeds 

Esmod 

Albert township 

Aurora township 

Beaver township 

Butte Vallev township 

Broc townsnip 

Iowa township 

Isabel township 

Irvine township 

I^eds township 

Hcsper townshin 

Knox township 

McLlellan township 

North Viking township 

Normania township 

Oberon township 

Pleasant Lake township .... 

Riggin township 

York township 

West Antelope township . . . . 

Twin Lake township 

Brinsmade village 

First commissioner district . 
Second commissioner district 
Third commissioner district 

Total 



446 
520 
531 
270 
254 
242 
224 
247 
162 
233 
218 
369 
250 
555 
208 
410 
352 
493 
282 
251 
424 
248 
242 
152 
218 
652 
911 



9,363 



BILLINGS COUNTY. 



First Commissioner District ^ 

Second Commissioner District 

Third Commissioner District 

Total 



725 

1,200 

760 



2,685 



BOTTINEAU COUNTY. 



Roland township . 
Scandia township 
Scotia township . . 
Richburg township 
Wayne township . 
Antler township . 
Whcaton township 
Eidsvold township 
Sergius' township . 
Hoffman township 
Starbuck township 
Kane township . . 
Brauder township 
Renville township 

Cut Bank 

Stone Creek 

Tacoma township 
Newborg township 



1,529 
801 
270 
425 
238 
229 

1,250 
445 
763 
965 
389 
160 
379 
260 

1,427 
289 
293 
245 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



345 



BOTTINEAU COUNTY-Continued. 



Lewis township 188 

Mount Rose ' 185 

Blaine township 764 

Chatfield township 192 

Elms township 174 

Lansford 227 

Willow City village 676 

Omemee township 604 

Bottineau city 1 ,227 

Souris village ^ 352 

Westhope village 626 

Lansford village 272 

I ■ - ■ I ■!■ Ill !■- W^ 

Total 15,174 



BURLEIGH COUNTY. 



Bismarck city 

First Commissioner District 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 
Painted Woods township . . . 

Grass Lake 

Lake View township 

Driscoll township 

Hazelgrove township 

Menoken 

Logan township 

Glenview township 

Crofte township 

Telfer township 

Boyd township 

Apple Creek township 

Ecklund township 



Total 



4,913 
839 
959 
1,375 
166 
204 

53 
120 
195 
129 

80 
113 
185 

37 

44 
103 
360 

9,875 



CASS COUNTY. 



Fargo 

Casselton City 

Hunter village . . . . 
Buffalo village . . . . 
Mapleton village . . , 
Tower City village. . 

Page village ^ 

Davenport village . 
Amenia township . . 
Arthur township . . 
Addison township • ■ 
Berlin township . . . 
Barnes township . . 
Buffalo township . . . 

Bell township 

Cornell township . . 
Qifton township ^ . . 
Casselton township 
Davenport township 



12,512 
1,269 
390 
237 
237 
461 
493 
250 
370 
324 

' 349 
290 
368 
185 
247 
176 
269 
253 
411 



346 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



CASS COUNT Y-Continued. 



Durbin township 

Empire township 

Eric township 

Elflrcd township 

Everest township 

Fargo township 

(lill township 

(Jardner township 

Cainkcl township 

TIarmony township .... 

f luntrr township , 

Howe township 

Tlighland township 

Harwood township 

Hill township 

Kinyon township 

Leonard township 

Lake township 

Mapleton township .... 
Maple River township . , 

Noble township 

Normania township . . . . 
Pleasant township .... 

Pontiac township 

Rochester township . . . . 
Rush River township . . 

Reed township 

Raymond township .... 

Rich township 

Page township 

Stanley township 

Tower township 

Watson township 

Walberg township 

Wheatland township . . . 

Warner township 

Wiser township 

Dows township 

Township 139, range 48 
Ayr township 

Total 



137 
271 

317 
364 
204 
316 
235 
335 
272 
179 
25*4 
394 
250 
408 
285 
381 
349 
191 
246 
339 
289 
927 
643 
316 
194 
250 
394 
273 
198 
188 
812 
168 
275 
457 
502 
500 
262 
161 
24 
304 

31,955 



CAVALIER COUNTY. 



Alma township . . . . , 
Banner township . . . 
Billings township . 

Bruce township 

Cypress township . . 
Dresden township . . 

Easby township 

East Alma township 

Elgin township 

Fremont township . 
Glenila township . . . 
Gordon township . . 

Grey township 

Harvey township . . . 
Henderson township 
Hope township . . . . 



292 
317 
408 
100 
406 
490 
354 
399 
390 
502 
226 
327 
221 
249 
590 
752 



■'^^?^ 




.>«' 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



347 



CAVALIER COUNTY-Continued. 



Huron township 

Langdon township 

Langdon city 

Linden 

Loam township 

Manila township 

Milton township 

Minto township , 

Montrose township 

Moscow township , 

Mount Carmel township 

Olga township 

Osnabrock township . . . 
Osnabrock village . . , . . 

Perry township . . .- 

Seivert township 

South Dresden township 

Skier township 

Storlie township 

Waterloo township . . . . 



Total 



242 
246 

1,544 
709 
758 
246 
425 
193 
812 
347 
513 

1,025 
378 
397 
395 
241 
616 
243 
245 
263 



15,761 



DICKEY COUNTY. 



Albion township 

Ada township , 

Bare Creek township 

Clement township 

Ellendale city 

Ellendale township 

Elden township 

Elm township 

Hudson township 

James River Valley township 

Kent township 

Kentner township , 

Keystone township 

Lovell township 

Merncourt village 

Oakes city » . 

Port Emma township 

Porter township 

^Riverside township 

Spring Valley township 

Valley township 

Van Meter township 

Whitestone township 

Wright township 

Yorktown township 

Total 



120 
210 
188 
317 
1,099 

89 
138 

62 
140 
364 
110 
122 
258 
230 
Z9\f 
1,303 
107 
360 
155 
603 

80 
147 
514 
136 
161 



7,412 



348 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



EDDY COUNTY. 



New Rockford 
Sheycnne village 
Paradise township 



Townsh 
Townsh 
Townsh 
Townsh 
Townsh 
Townsh 
Townsh 
Townsh 
Townsh 
Townsh 
Townsh 
Townsh 
Townsh 
Townsh 
Townsh 
Townsh 



p 148, range 63 

p 148, range 64 

p 148, range 65 

p 148, range 66 

p 148, range 67 

p 149, range 62 

p 149, range 63 

p 149, range 64 

p 149, range 65 

p 149, range 66 

p 149, range 67 

p 150, range 62 

p 150, range 63 

p 150, range 64 

p 150, range 65 

p 150, range 66 



Greenfield township 



Total 



800 
291. 
16a 
99 
100 
189 
195 
212 
193 
200 
148 
107 
125 
154 
129 
49 
64 
195 
239 
267 

3,906 



EMMONS COUNTY. 



First Commissioner District . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District. . 
Fourth Commissioner District 
Fifth Commissioner District 

Total 



899 
1,237 
1,688 
1,764 

830 

6,418 



FOSTER COUNTY. 



Carrington • . 

First Commissioner District 

Glenfield township 

Campbell township 

Haven township 

Carrington township 

Rose Hill township 

Wyard township 

McHenry village 

Third Commissioner District 

Total 



1,106 
1,084 
265 
191 
187 
196 
189 
155 
417 
953 

4,743 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



349 



GRAND FORKS COUNTY. 



Arvilla township 

Americus township . . 
Allendale township . . 

Agnes township 

Avon township 

Bentm township ^ 

Blooming township . . . 

Brenna township 

Chester township . . . . 
Elm Grove towiiship . . 
Elkmount township . . . 
Fairfield township . . . 
Falconer township . . . 

Ferry township 

Gilby township 

Grace township 

Grand Forks township 

Hegton township 

Inkster township 

Johnston township . . . 
Loretta township .... 
Lakeville township . . . 

Lind township 

Larimore township . . . 

Levant township 

Logan township 

Mekinock township . . . 
Michigan township . . . 
Moraine township .... 

Niagara township 

North wood township . 
Oakville township . . . . 
Plymouth township — 

Pleasant View 

Rye township 

Strabane township . . . 
Turtle River township 

Union township 

Walle township 

Washington township 
Wheatfield township . . 

Reynolds city 

Inkster city . : 

Northwood city 

Larimore city 

Grand Forks city .... 



Total 



841 
416 
297 
305 
287 
293 
386 
283 
410 
218 
284 
163 
118 
587 
624 
297 
571 
166 
211 
S04 
425 
276 
408 
209 
134 
253 
432 
283 
208 
377 
537 
211 
292 
317 
121 
297 
257 
481 
759 
421 
168 
163 
432 
709 
1,635 
10,127 

26,494 



GRIGGS COUNTY. 



Cooperstown 

Addie township 

Ball Hill township . . 
Bartley township . . . . 
Broadview township 
Bryan township . . . . . 
Cooperstown township 
Clearfield township . . . 



1,002 
335 
263 
250 
214 
264 
263 
155 



350 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

GRIGGS COUNTY-Continued. 

'' i 

Dover township I 224 

Greenfield township 1 512 

Helena township 1 173 

Lenora township .- j 193 

Mabel township ! 210 

Pilot Mound township 1 235 

Rosendal township I 213 

Romness township ! 274 

Sverdrup townhsip \ 335 

Tyrol township 318 

Washburn township ! 281 

Willow township : 172 

Township 146, range 61 ! 107 



Total I 5,993 

KIDDER COUNTY. 



Allen township 

Buckeye township 

Manning township 

Steele village 

Sibley township 

Pleasant Hill township 

Woodlawn township 

First Commissioner District 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 

Total 



8Q 

40 

45 

212 

165 

127 

84 

736 

478 

340 



2,307 



L'MOURE COUNTY. 



LaMoure village 
Edgeley village , 
Kulm village 



707 
415 
587 

Verona village ! 102 

Black Loam township j 309 

Gladstone township 261 

Golden township I 196 

Glen township I 176 

Grand View township j 168 

Grand Rapids township 162 

Greenville township I 178 

Henrietta township [ 205 

Litchville township I 309 

Nora township } 165 

Nordeii township I 235 

Prairie township I 330 

Sheridan township ! 859 

Saratoga township j 177 

Roscoe township j 288 

Twin Lake township 18^ 

Willow Bank township 101 

Wano township j 124 

District No. 3 I 851 

District ^o. 4 668 

District No. 5 668 



Total j 7,715 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



35. 



LOGAN COUNTY. 



First Commissioner District . . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 

Total 



1,480 

843 

1,793 

4,116 



M'HENRY COUNTY. 



Towner village 

Balfour village 

Granville village , 

Berwick township , 

Kottke Valley township 

Granville township , 

Norwich township 

Egg Creek township 

Grilley township 

Little Deep township 

Layton township 

Pratt township ..." 

Deep River township 

Cottonwood Lake township 

Olivia township 

Bjornson township 

Strege township 

Roosevelt township 

Spring Grove township 

Brown township 

Velva township 

Lake Hester township 

Regstad township 

North Prairie township 

Meadow township , 

Voltaire township 

Odine township 

First Commissioner District 

Third Commissioner District .... 

Fifth Commissioner District 

Township 154 , range 77 

Township 154, range 78 

Township 155 , range 77 

Township 155, range 78 

Township 166, range 77 

Township 156, range 78 

Township 157, ranges 78, 79, 80 
Township 151, range 77 



Total 



, 535 
522 
500 
380 
206 
246 
301 
161 
260 
239 
226 
282 
227 
210 
171 
185 
275 
325 
248 
228 
505 
224 
445 
302 
272 
175 
202 
704 
2,410 
1,605 
302 
236 
165 
182 
338 
233 
823 
381 

15,231 



M'INTOSH COUNTY. 



Ashley ...... . 

First Commissioner District . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District . 

Total 



474 
1,865 
1,484 
2,265 

6,088 



352 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



M'KENZIE COUNTY. 



First Commissioner District . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 

Total 



527 
691 
150 

1,308 



M'LEAN COUNTY. 



Washburn village 

Wilton village 

Huttc township 

Blue Hill township 

Dcnhoff township 

Douglas township 

Emmett township 

Heaton township 

St. Mary's township 

Underwood township * 

First Commissioner District . . 

Second Commissioner District 

Third Commissioner Distrct 

Fourth Commissioner District 

Township 145, ranges 74, 75, 76, 77 and 78 

Total 



898 

802 

803 

161 

318 

162 

253 

142 

235 

407 

1,185 

2,787 

3,673 

3,975 

444 

15,245 



MERCER COUNTY. 



First Commissioner District 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 
Fourth Commissioner District 
Fiftli Commissioner District . 

Total 



501 
443 
535 
604 
108 

2,191 



MORTON COUNTY. 



Mandan 2,714 

New Salem 627 

Glen Ullin 645 

Hebron 807 

Sims 118 

Blue Grass township 510 

Custer township 105 

Sims township 98 

District A 2,565, 

District C. 1,677 

District D 1.118 

District E 8,079 

Total 13,363 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 
NELSON COUNTY. 



Adl« township 
















Clara township 










Dodds township 
























Kfflly (ownship 














LakoW city ...., 




ES.^"™X-v.;;;;.;.:.;-. .■..■.■.;■-■:::;::::;:;: 














































Total 





OLIVER COUNTY. 



Fiist Commissioner 


District 




























PEMBINA COUNTY. 



Pembina city 








BMhgale village 








N«he yillane 




Drayton village 








Crystal village 

























Bine Bwik 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



PEMBINA COUNT Y-Continued. 



Beaulien township . . 
Carlisle township . . 
Crystal township . . . 
Cavalier township . . 
Drayton township . . 
Elora township . . . . 
Gardar township .... 
Hamilton township . 
Joliette township 
LaMoure township . 
Lincoln township . . . 
Midland township 

Neche township . . . . 
Lodema township . . , 

Park township 

Pembina township . . 
St. Joseph township 
St. Thomas township 
Thingvalla township 
Walhalla township . . 



Total 



435 
533 
400 
800 
313 
275 
622 
422 
431 
323 
434 
434 
496 
309 
311' 
428 
1,214 
649 
726 
333 



16,412 



PIERCE COUNTY. 



Rugby village 

Alexander township 

Barton township 

Elling township 

Elvernan township 

Jefferson township 

Rosedale township 

Tuscorora township 

Norman township 

White township 

First Commissioner District . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 
Fourth Commissioner District 
Fifth Commissioner District 



1,072 
377 
350 
256 
242 
361 
115 
287 
365 
260 
693 
1,034 
1,114 
559 
549 



Total 



7,643 



RAMSEY COUNTY. 



Devils Lake city . . . . 
Churchs Ferry village 

Edmore village 

Crary 

Starkweather 

Bartlett village 

Bartlett township .... 

Bergen township 

Coulee township 

Cleveland township . . , 
Dry Lake township . . . 



2,367 
876 
348 
285 
194 
114 
280 
200 
397 
184 
218 



t 



-J 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



355 



RAMSEY COUNTY-Continued. 



DeGroat township 

Fancher township 

Freshwater township 

Grand Harbor township 

Hope township — 

Highland township 

Lawton township 

Lake township 

Lillehoff township 

Minnewaukan township 

Morris township 

Norway township 

Noonan township 

Northfield township 

Newbre township 

Newland township 

Odessa township 

Ontario township^ 

Overland township 

Prospect township 

Pleasant township 

Royal township 

Sullivan township 

Stevens township 

Webster township 

First Commissioner District . . 
Second Commissioner District 
Fourth Commissioner District 



222 
246 
236 
447 
151 
231 
394 
323 
481 
520 
179 
234 
219 
335 
181 
309 
243 
253 
161 
197 
196 
237 
114 
256 
272 
116 
121 
142 



Total 



11,979 



RANSOM COUNTY. 



Lisbon city 

Enderlin city 

Sheldon village 

Big Bend township 

Owego township 

Preston township 

Liberty township 

Sandoun township 

Springer township 

Aliceton township 

Casey township 

Shenford township 

Fort Ransom township 

Rosemeade township v 

Elliott township 

Sydna township 

Northland township 

Moore township 

Coburn township 

Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 
Fifth Commissioner District 
Township 136, range 54 .... 

Total 



1,362 
1,104 
338 
210 
274 
342 
285 
284 
245 
213 
374 
382 
499 
221 
194 
167 
323 
314 
96 
382 
618 
209 
198 



8,634 



356 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



RICHLAND COUNTY. 



Antelope township . . . 
Abercrombie township 
Abercrombie village . . 
Brightwood township 
Barrie township .... 
Brandenberg township 
Bel ford township . . . . 
Colfax township .... 

Center township 

Dwight township 

DeVillo township . . . . 
Dexter township .... 
Danton township . . . . 

Elma township 

Ea^le township 

Fairmount village . . . 
Fairmount township 
Freeman township . . 
Garfield township . . . . 
Greenfield township . 

Grant township 

Grafton township . . . . 
Garborg township . . . . 
Helendale township . . 

Hankinson city 

Homestead township 

Ibsen township 

Liberty township .... 
Lidgerwood city .... 
LeMars township .... 
Mooreton township . . 
Moran township .... 

Park township 

Summit township .... 
Sheyenne township . . 

Viking township 

Walcott township . . . 
Wyndmere village . . . 
Wyndmere township . 
West End toMvnship . 

Waldo township 

Wahpeton city 



Total 



272 

728 

357 

847 

407 

539 

332 

643 

383 

612 

288 

350 

321 

308 

773 

368 

407 

225 

378 

345 

371 

250 

278 

250 

1,047 
M-l 
285 
321 
749 
263 
338 
315 
641 
628 
204 
195 

1,085 
287 
258 
115 
186 

2,741 

19,379 



ROLETTE COUNTY. 



Rolla village 

St. John village 

Currie township 

Fairview township 

Gilbert township 

Kohlmeir township ^ 

Mt. Pleasant township 

First Commissioner District^ . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District . 
Fourth Commissioner District 

Total 



661 
229 
138 
303 
400 
205 
384 
766 
922 
2,157 
787 

6,842 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



SARGENT COUNTY. 






TiiUge . . . . 



Hall township . .. 
Jackson township 



Milner village . 
Marboe townsfaii 
Rutland townabi 






White Ston 



STARK COUNTY. 



lird District 



STEELE COUNTY. 



Colgate township 

Carpenter township . . 
Edendale township . . . 
Ealon township 



Golden Lake towns! 



Hope c 



358 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



STEELE COUNTY -Continued. 



Melrose township . . . . , 
Riverside township . . . 
Newburgh township . . . 
Primrose township .... 

Sharon township 

Sherbrooke township "*. 
Willow Lake township 
Westfield township . . . . 

Total 



213 
200 
513 
342 
419 
279 
235 
308 

6,893 



STUTSMAN COUNTY. 



Jamestown city 

Courtenay village 

Spiritwood village 

Courtenay township 

Bloom township 

Corrinne township . . . ., 

Kensal township 

Nogosek township 

First Commissioner District 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 



Total 



6,093 
459 
207 
203 
168 
208 
610 
185 
805 
3,025 
3,717 

14,580 



TOWNER COUNTY. 



Alkins townships 

Bisbee village 

Cando city 

Coolen township 

Grainfield township 

Lansing township 

Maza township 

Monroe township 

Springfield township 

Commissioner District No. 2 
Commissioner District No. 3 
Commissioner District No. 4 
Commissioner District No. 6 

Total 



210 

360 

1,328 

204 

433 

170 

221 

159 

320 

862 

1,450 

1,121 

1,067 

7,905 



: 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



,359 



TRAILL COUNTY. 



Belmont township . 
Blanchard township 
Bloomfield township 
Bohnsach township . . 
Buxton township . . 
Calendonia township 
Eldorado township . 
Elm River township 
Erwin township . . . . 
Galesburg township 
Garfield township . , 
Hillsboro township . 

Hatton city 

Hillsboro city 

Kelso township . . . 
Mayville township . 

Mayville city 

Morgan township . . 
Norman township . 
Norway township . . 
Portland township . 

Reynolds city 

Roseville township 
Wold township .... 



Total 



489 
398 
289 
544 

1,105 
888 
386 
201 
381 
444 
443 
210 
550 

1,251 
261 
640 

1,212 
357 
456 
445 
547 
226 
750 
339 



12,812 



WALSH COUNTY. 



Ardoch village 

Adams township 

Ardock township 

Acton township 

Conway village 

Cleveland township . . . . 

Dewey township 

Dundee township 

Edinburg township .... 

Eden township 

Farmington township . . 

Fertile township 

Forest River township 
Forest River village . . 
Feeble Minded Institute 

Grafton city 

Grafton township 

Glenwood township . . . , 

Golden township 

Hoople village , 

Harriston township . . . , 
Kensington township . . 

Kinloss township 

Lampton township .... 

Latona township 

Martin township 

Medford township .... 

Minto township , 

Norton township 



219 
380 
536 
442 
256 
313 
192 
441 
349 
258 
422 
468 
370 
246 
115 
2,423 
564 
496 
322 
183 
401 
376 
316 
354 
294 
400 
222 
815 
369 






360 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



WALSH COUNTY-Continued. 



Oakwood township . . . . 

Ops township 

Perth township 

Pisek village 

Pulaski township 

Rush ford township . . . . 
Prairie Centre township 

Park River city 

Silvesta township 

Sauter township 

St. Andrews township 

Shepherd township 

Tiber township 

Vernon township , 

Vesta township 

Walsh Center township 
Walshville township . . 

Total 



538 
326 
284 
193 
618 
439 
499 
1,435 
381 
234 
385 
432 
407 
340 
399 
394 
420 

20,265 



WARD COUNTY. 



Berthold township . . . . 
Bowbells township . . . 
Brandon township . . . . 

Burt township 

Callahan township ... 
Carbondale township . 

Carpio village 

Carter township 

Clay township 

Clayton township 

Colquohun township . . 
Crowfoot township . . . . 

Dale township 

Denmark township . . . 
DesLacs township .... 
Elmdale township .... 

Ensign township 

Eureka township 

Fairbanks township . . , 

Fay township 

Foothills township . . . , 
Forthum township . . . . 
Foxholm township . . . . 
Freedom township . . . 
Grassland township . . 
Cireenbush township . . 

Crover township 

Hamerly township . . . . 
Hamlet township . . . . 
Harmonious township 
Harrison township ... 

Idaho township 

Hurley township . . . . . 
International township 
Ivanhoe township . . . . 
Keller township 



139 
293 
197 
224 
203 
335 
874 
288 
181 
206 
445 
186 
287 
445 
295 
304 
251 
260 
392 
200 
135 
272 
200 
169 
213 
252 
191 
159 
216 
130 
261 
256 
221 
300 
277 
174 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



361 



WARD COUNTY-Continucd. 



Kcntaare township 

Lake View 

Leaf Mountain township .... 

Lockwood township 

Lowland township 

Mandan township 

Manitou township 

Margaret township 

Mayland township 

McKinley township 

Minnesota township , 

Muskego township 

North Star township 

Palermo township 

Passport township 

Plain township . 

Portal city 

P.rescott township 

Prosperity township 

Ree township 

Richland township 

Rockford township 

Roosevelt township 

Roseland township 

Ross township 

Ryder township 

Sauk Prairie township 

Short Creek township 

Spencer townshio 

Spring Valley township 

Surrey townshio 

Tatman township 

Torning township 

Vale township 

Van Buren township 

Ward township 

Waterford township 

White Ash township 

White Earth township 

Donnybrook village 

McKinney village 

Glenburn village 

Bowbells village 

Flaxton township 

Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 
Fourth Commissioner District 
Fifth Commissioner District . 

Minot city 

Eden Valley township 

Kenmare village , 

Mohall village 

Norway township 



344 
264 
103 
173 
219 
180 
130 
176 
250 
246 
376 
225 
255 
200 
213 
219 
606 
147 
223 
228 
326 
282 
266 
320 
189 
156 
293 
243 
359 
297 
376 
224 
184 
230 
200 
275 
232 
196 
150 
281 
299 
195 
547 
197 
523 
484 
3,598 
2,855 
4,125 
266 
1,011 
409 
173 



Total 



33,468 



362 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



WELLS COUNTY. 



Fessenden village 

Harvey village 

Wells township 

First Commissioner District . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District . 

Total 



781 

803 

267 

2,772 

2,778 

2,091 



9,482 



WILLIAMS COUNTY. 



Lilendale township 

Equality township 

Golden Valley township 

Lindahl township 

Menton township 

Norway township 

Pleasant Valley township . . . 

Rainbow township 

Ray village 

Sauk Valley township 

Spring Brook township 

Stony Creek township 

Tioga townshin 

Teska township 

Wheelock township 

Williston township 

Williston city , 

Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District . 
Fourth Commissioner District 
Fifth Commissioner District . 



Total 



186 
225 
142 
99 
249 
54 
100 
128 
195 
76 
155 
163 
196 
103 
200 
263 

1,125 
914 
970 

1,030 
379 



6,952 



POPULATION OF LEADING CITIES, 1905. 



Abercrombie . 

Aneta 

Ashley 

Balfour 

Bathgate 

Bisbee 

Bismarck .... 
Bottineau . . . . 

Bowbells 

Cando 

Carrington . . . 
Casselton . . . . 

Cavalier 

Churchs Ferry 

Conway 

Cooperstown . 
Courtenay . . . 

Crary 

Crystal 



357 

• 643 

/74 

522 

561 

360 

4,913 

1,227 

547 

1,328 

1,106 

1,269 

744 

876 

256 

1,002 

.459 

285 

400 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



363 



POPULATION OF LEADING CITIES-Continued. 



Dazey 

Denhoff 

Devils Lake . 
picKinson . . . . 
Donnybrook . . 

Drayton 

Edgeley 

Edmore 

Ellendale .... 

Enderlin 

Esmond 

Fairmount . . . 

Fargo 

Fessenden . . . . 

Finley 

Forest River . 

Forman 

GlenuUin .... 

Grafton , 

Grand Forks . 

Granville 

Hankinson . . . 

Harvey 

Hatton 

Hillsboro .... 

Hope 

Hunter 

Inkster 

Jamestown . . . 
Kenmare .... 

Kulm 

Lakota 

LaMoure 

Langdon 

Lansford 

Larimore 

Leeds 

Lidgerwood . . 

Lisbon 

Litchville .... 

Mandan 

Mayville 

McHenry 

Merricourt . . . 

Michigan 

Milnor 

Minnewaukan 

Minot 

Mohall 

Neche 

New Rockford 
New Salem . . . 
Northwood . . . 

Oakes 

Omemee 

Osnabrock . . . . 

Page 

Park River . . 
Pembina 



231 
318 

2,367 

3,188 
281 
601 
415 
348 

1,099 

1,104 
531 
368 
12,512 
781 
317 
246 
304 
545 

2,423 

10,127 

500 

1,047 
803 
550 

1,251 
776 
390 
432 

5,093 

1,011 
587 
900 
707 

1,544 
272 

1,635 
520 
749 

1,362 
285 

2,714 

1,212 
417 
399 
529 
437 
445 

4,125 
409 
613 
800 
527 
709 

1,303 
504 
397 
493 

1,435 
918 



>ii 



356 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



RICHLAND COUNTY. 



Antelope township . . . 
Abercrombie township 
Abercrombie village^ . . 
Brightwood township 
Barrie township .... 
Brandenberg township 
Bel ford township . . . . 
Colfax township .... 

Center township 

Dwight township 

DeVillo township . . . . 
Dexter township .... 
Danton township . . . . 

Elma township 

Eagle township 

Fairmount village . . . 
Fairmount township , 
Freeman township . . 
Garfield township . . . . 
Greenfield township . 

Grant township 

Grafton township . . . . 
Garborg township . . . . 
Helendale township . . 

Hankinson city 

Homestead township 

Ibsen township 

Liberty township .... 
Lidgerwood city .... 
LeMars township .... 
Mooreton township . . 
Moran township .... 

Park township 

Summit township .... 
Sheyenne township . . 

Viking township 

Walcott township . . . 
Wyndmere village . . . 
Wyndn\ere township . 
West End township . 

Waldo township 

Wahpeton city 



Total 



272 
728 
367 
847 
407 
539 
332 
643 
383 
612 
288 
360 
321 
308 
773 
368 
407 
226 
378 
345 
371 
260 
278 
250 
3,047 

•^fi 

28.5 
321 
749 
263 
338 
315 
641 
628 
204 
195 

1,085 
287 
258 
116 
186 

2,741 

19,379 



ROLETTE COUNTY. 



Rolla village 

St. John village 

Currie township ^ 

Fairview township 

Gilbert township 

Kohlmeir township 

Mt. Pleasant township ....... 

First Commissioner District^ . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District . 
Fourth Commissioner District 

Total 



561 
229 
138 
303 
400 
205 
384 
756 
922 
2,167 
787 

6,842 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



357 



SARGENT COUNTY. 



Bowen township . . 
Brampton township 
Cogswell township . 
Dunbar township . . 
Denver township . . 
Forman village ^ . . . . 
Forman township . 
Harlem township . . 
Herman township . . 
Havana township . . 

Hall township 

Jackson township . . 
Kingston township 
Milnor township . . 

Milnor village 

Marboe township . . 
Rutland township . 
Ransom township . . 

Sargent 

Southwest township 
Sherman township . 
Taylor township . . . 
Tewaukon township 
Vivian township . . 
Verner township . . 
Willey township . . . 
White Stone Hill .. 
Weber township . . . 

Total 



255 
187 
290 
277 
135 
304 
134 
204 
304 
278 
475 
165 
435 
192 
437 
283 
252 
392 
224 
113 
836 
185 
380 
262 
211 
176 
275 
253 

7,414 



STARK COUNTY. 



First District . . 
Second District 
Third District . 
Dickinson city . 

Total . . . 



2,516 
1,865 
3,766 
3,188 

11,335 



STEELE COUNTY. 



Broadlawn ' township . . 
Beaver Creek township 

Colgate township 

Carpenter township . . 
Edendale township . . . 

Eaton township 

Enger township i 

Finley village 

Finley township 

Franklin township .... 
Greenview township . . 
Golden Lake township 

Hugo township 

Hope city 



335 
393 
800 
188 
237 
193 
450 
317 
242 
252 
213 
281 
207 
776 



358 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



STEELE COUNTY-Continued. 



Melrose township 

Riverside township . . . 
Newburgh township . . . 
Primrose township . . . . 
Sharon township . . . . . 
Sherbrooke township '*. 
Willow Lake township 
Westfield township . — 

Total 



213 
200 
613 
342 
419 
279 
235 
308 



6,893 



STUTSMAN COUNTY. 



Jamestown city 

Courtenay village 

Spiritwood village 

Courtenay township 

Bloom township 

Corrinne township . . . .^ 

Kensal township .'. . . 

Nogosek township 

First Commissioner District 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 

Total 



5,093 
459 
207 
203 
168 
208 
510 
185 
805 
3,025 
3,717 



14,580 



TOWNER COUNTY. 



Alkins townships 

Bisbee village 

Cando city 

Coolen township 

Grainfield township 

Lansing township 

Maza township 

Monroe township 

Springfield township 

Commissioner District No. 2 
Commissioner District No. 3 
Commissioner District No. 4 
Commissioner District No. 6 

Total 



210 

860 

1,328 

204 

433 

170 

221 

159 

320 

862 

1,450 

1,121 

1,067 



7,905 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



,359 



TRAILL COUNTY. 



Belmont township . 
Blanchard township 
Bloomfield township 
Bohnsach township. . 
Buxton township . . 
Calendonia township 
Eldorado township . 
Elm River township 
Erwin township . . . . 
Galesburg township 
Garfield township . , 
Hillsboro township . 

Hatton city 

Hillsboro city 

Kelso township . . . 
Mayville township . 

Mayville city 

Morgan township . . 
Norman township . 
Norway township . . 
Portland township . 

Reynolds city 

Roseville township 
Wold township .... 



Total 



489 
398 
289 
544 

1,105 
888 
886 
201 
381 
444 
443 
210 
550 

1,251 
261 
640 

1,212 
357 
456 
445 
547 
226 
750 
339 

12,812 



WALSH COUNTY. 



Ardoch village 

Adams township 

Ardock township 

Acton township 

Conway village 

Cleveland township . . . . 

Dewey township 

Dundee township 

Edinburg township 

Eden township 

Farmington township . . 

Fertile township 

Forest River township 
Forest River village . . 
Feeble Minded Institute 

Grafton city 

Grafton township 

Glenwood township . . . . 

Golden township 

Hoople village 

Harriston township . . . . 
Kensington township . . 

Kinloss township 

Lampton township .... 

Latona township 

Martin township 

Medford township .... 

Minto township 

Norton township 



219 
380 
536 
442 
256 
313 
192 
441 
349 
258 
422 
468 
370 
246 
115 
2,423 
564 
496 
322 
183 
401 
375 
316 
354 
294 
400 
222 
815 
369 



360 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



WALSH COUNTY-Continued. 



Oakwood township . . . . 

Ops township 

Perth township 

Pisek village 

Pulaski township 

Rush ford township . . . . 
Prairie Centre township 

Park River city 

Sil vesta township 

Sauter township 

St. Andrews township 
Shepherd township .... 

Tiber township 

Vernon township , 

Vesta township 

Walsh Center township 
Walshville township . . , 

Total 



538 
326 
284 
193 
618 
439 
499 
1,435 
381 
234 
385 
432 
407 
340 
399 
394 
420 



20,265 



WARD COUNTY. 



Berthold township . . . , 
Bowbells township . . . 
Brandon township . . . . 

Burt township 

Callahan township ... 
Carbon dale township . 

Carpio village , 

Carter township 

Clay township 

Clayton township 

Colquohun township . . 
Crowfoot township . . . . 

Dale township 

Denmark township . . . 
DesLacs township .... 
Elmdale township .... 

Ensign township 

Eureka township 

Fairbanks township . . 

Fay township 

Foothills township . . . 
Forthum township . . . . 
Foxholm township . . . . 
Freedom township . . . 
Grassland township . . 
Greenbush township . . 

Grover township 

Hamerly township . . . . 
Hamlet township .... 
Harmonious township 
Harrison township . . . 

Idaho township 

Hurley township .... 
International township 
Ivanhoe township . . . . 
Keller township 



139 
293 
197 
224 
203 
335 
374 
288 
181 
206 
445 
186 
287 
445 
295 
304 
251 
260 
392 
200 
135 
272 
300 
169 
213 
252 
191 
159 
216 
130 
261 
256 
221 
300 
277 
174 



\ 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



361 



WARD COUNTY-Continued. 



KeiAiare township 

Lake View 

Leaf Mountain township .... 

Lockwood township 

Lowland township 

Mandan township 

Manitou township 

Margaret township 

Mayland township , 

McKinley township 

Minnesota township 

Muskego township 

North Star township 

Palermo township 

Passport township 

Plain township . 

Portal city 

Prescott township 

Prosperity township . 

Ree township 

Richland township 

Rockford township 

Roosevelt township 

Roseland township 

Ross township 

Ryder township , 

Sauk Prairie township 

Short Creek township 

Spencer township 

Spring Valley township 

Surrey township 

Tatman township 

Torning township 

Vale township 

Van Buren township 

Ward township 

Waterford township 

White Ash township 

White Earth township 

Donnybrook village 

McKinney village 

Glenburn village 

Bowbells village 

Flaxton township 

Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 
Fourth Commissioner District 
Fifth Commissioner District . 

Minot city 

Eden Valley township 

Kenmare village , 

Mohall village 

Norway township 



344 
264 
103 
173 
219 
180 
130 
176 
250 
246 
376 
225 
255 
200 
213 
219 
606 
147 
223 
228 
326 
282 
266 
320 
189 
156 
293 
243 
359 
297 
376 
224 
184 
230 
200 
275 
232 
196 
150 
281 
299 
195 
547 
197 
523 
484 
3,598 
2,855 
4,125 
266 
1,011 
409 
173 



Total 



33,468 



362 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



WELLS COUNTY. 



Fessenden village 

Harvey village 

Wells township 

First Commissioner District . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District . 

Total 



781 

803 

257 

2,772 

2,778 

2,091 



9,482 



WILLIAMS COUNTY. 



Lilendale township 

Equality township 

Golden Valley township 

Lindahl township 

Menton township 

Norway township 

Pleasant Valley township ... 

Rainbow township 

Ray village 

Sauk Valley ;township 

Spring Brook township 

Stony Creek township 

Tioga townshin 

Teska township 

Wheelock township 

Williston township 

Williston city 

Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District . 
Fourth Commissioner District 
Fifth Commissioner District . 



186 
225 
142 
99 
249 
54 
100 
128 
195 
76 
155 
163 
196 
103 
200 
263 

1,125 
914 
970 

1,030 
379 



Total 



1 



6,952 



POPULATION OF LEADING CITIES, 1905. 



Abercrombie . 

Aneta 

Ashley 

Balfour 

Bathgate 

Bisbee 

Bismarck .... 
Bottineau . . . . 

Bowbells 

Cando 

Carrington . . . 
Casselton . . . . 

Cavalier 

Churchs Ferry 

Conway 

Cooperstown . 
Courtenay . . . 

Crary 

Crystal 



'357 

'643 

/74 

522 

561 

860 

4.913 

1,227 

547 

1,328 

1,106 

1,269 

744 

876 

266 

1,002 

.459 

285 

400 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



363 



POPULATION OF LflADING CITIES-Continued. 



Dazey 

Denhoff 

Devils Lake . 
DicKinson . . . . 
Donnybrook . . 

Drayton 

Edgeley 

Edmore 

Ellendale .... 

• Enderlin 

Esmond 

Fairmount . . . 

Fargo 

Fessenden . . . . 

Finley 

Forest River . 

Forman 

GlenuUin .... 

Grafton , 

Grand Forks . 

Granville 

Hankinson . . . 

Harvey 

Hatton 

Hillsboro .... 

Hope 

Hunter 

Inkster 

Jamestown . . . 
Kenmare .... 

Kulm 

Lakota 

LaMoure 

Langdon 

Lansford 

Larimore 

Leeds 

Lidgerwood . . 

Lisbon 

Litchville .... 

Mandan 

Mayville 

McHenry .... 
Merricourt . . . 

Michigan 

Milnor 

Minnewaukan 

Minot 

Mohall 

Neche 

New Rockford 
New Salem . . . 
Northwood . . . 

Oakes 

Omemee 

Osnabrock . . . . 

Page 

Park River . . 
Pembina 



231 
318 

2,367 

3,188 
281 
601 
415 
348 

1,099 

1,104 
531 
368 
12,512 
781 
317 
246 
304 
545 

2,423 

10,127 

500 

1,047 
803 
550 

1,251 
776 
390 
432 

5,093 

1,011 
587 
900 
707 

1,544 
272 

1,635 
520 
749 

1,362 
285 

2,714 

1,212 
417 
399 
529 
437 
445 

4,125 
409 
613 
800 
527 
709 

1,303 
504 
397 
493 

1,435 
918 



364 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



POPULATION OF LEADING CITIES-Continued. 



Portal 

Rolla 

Rugby 

Sanborn . . . 
Sheldon . . . . 
Sheyenne . . 

Souris 

St. Thomas 
Tower City 
Towner . . . . 
Valley City 

Velva 

Wahpeton . . 
Walhalla ... 
Washburn . 
Westhope . . 
Williston . . 
Willow City 

Wilton 

Wimbledon 
Wyndmere . 



606 
661 

1,072 
800 
838 
291 
352 
708 
461 
535 

4,059 
505 

2,741 
520 
898 
626 

1,125 
676 
302 
450 
287 



POPULATION BY COUNTIES, 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billings .... 
Bottineau . . . 
Burleigh . . . . 

Cass 

Cavalier . . . . 

Dickey 

Eddy ....... 

Emmons . . . . 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure . . . 

Logan 

McHenry . . , 
Mcintosh 
McKenzie . . 
McLean . . . . 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina . . . . 

Pierce 

Ramsey .... 
Ransom .... 
Richland . . . 

Rolette 

Sargent .... 
Stark 



15,726 
9,363 
2,685 

15,174 
9,875 

31,955 

15,761 
7,412 
3,906 
6,418 
4,743 

26,494 
5,993 
8,3.07 
7,715 
4,116 

15,231 
6,088 
1,368 

15,245 
2,191 

13,863 
9,501 
2,445 

16,412 
7,643 

11,979 
8,634 

19,379 
6,842 
7,414 

11,335 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 
POPULATION BY COUNTIES-Contii 

stutsmaA' ".'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.V.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. : ".".■.■.'.■.'.■.*.■.".'.■.■! : '. 

Towner 

Traill 

WaEsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



366 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



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STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



36 



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