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STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



1909 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



CONTAINING THE 



CONSTITUTION OF NORTH DAKOTA 

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE 

UNITED STATES, 



ALSO 



- RULES AND^STANDING COMMITTEES 
OF THE ELEVENTH LEGISLATIVE 

ASSEMBLY 



AND 



HISTORICAL. STATISTICAL ANI> 
POLITICAL INFORMATION 



Published Under Direction of 

ALFRED BLAISDELL, 

Secretary of State 



BISMARCK, N. D. 

TRIBUNE, STATB PRINTERS AND BINDERS 
1909 



GREAT SEAL OF NORTH DAKOTA 



StaCc Flower of Nortb DakoU The Wild Rose 






TABLE OF CONTENTS 



ADMISSION PROCLAMATION 138, 180 

AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS— 

North Dakota 486 

United States 486 

ALTITUDES IN NOR'lH DAKOTA ...^ 876 

APPORTIONMENT— 

legislative prior to 1909 ^ . . . . 280-290 

act of 1909 892-896 

ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION 17-26 

ATTORNEYS— 

list of in North Dakota 806-812 

registered law students 313 

BIOGRAPHICAL^ 

congressional delegation 437 

supreme court 437 » 438 

state officers 438-440 

members of legislature, 1909 440-457 

BOARDS— 

trustees of public institutions xi-xvi 

CABINET OFFICERS 388-394 

CENSUS— 

North Dakota by counties, ]860 to 1900 346-349 

North Dakota by counties, 1905 353-374 

North Dakota cities and towns, 1890 and 1900 351-352 

North Dakota cities and towns, 1905 372-374 

U. S., 1890 and 1900 402, 403 

CITIES AND VILLAGES (incorporated) 299-304 

COMMITTEES— 

senate standing 178-175 

house standing , 182-183 

joint 185 

political xix-xxviii 

CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION— 

date of 68 

members of 68 

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 34-45 

ratification by states xxviii, xxix, 60-53 

amendments 49 

ratification by states 45 

CONSTITUTION OF NORTH DAKOTA 81-133 

amendments 133-136 

vote on adoption « xxx 

COUNTY OFFICIALS 294-298 

COUNTIES— 

names, county seats 294 



iv LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



• • 



COURTS— ^ ftii_«ifi 

district, terms of 814-816 

supreme, terms of * 

• biography of members of *« « » •*** 

, % federal , terms of . * 

'•. "declaration of in dependence 18-ie 

"• ' \ T>TRECTORY - 

state officers and boards (front part of book) ll*!™?,* 

U. S. officials and cabinet 377-881 

ELECTION statistics— ^^^ _^ 

electoral vote. IQOO, 1904 ^?2a iSJ 

members of legislature, 1909 ?S?"SS2 

district judges, election 1908 ^^^'l^l 

members of congress, 1908 218 

members of congress prior to 1908 188-198 

on prohibition *** 

on adoption of constitution 81 , xxx 

popular vote for president, 1904, 1908 406, 407 

by precincts in each county for 1908 221-279 

governor, prior to 1908 188-197 

state officers, 1908 214-219 

president, 1904, 1908 408 

president, 1908 212 

ELECTORAL VOTE, 1904, 1908 . 408 

of states xxviii-xxix 

ENABLING ACT 69-80 

FEDERAL OFFICIALS— 

list of ix, 377-381 

GAME LAWS— 

digest of North Dakota 434 

board of control xviii 

GOVERNORS OF STATES AND TERRITORIES 404, 405 

salaries 404, 405 

HISTORY OF NORTH DAKOTA 54-56 

HOLIDAYS 333 

HOUSE COMMITTEES 182-185 

INSURANCE COMPANIES— 

authorized to do business in North Dakota 338-341 

IRRIGATION— 

measure of water , etc 332 

quantity table 336 

JUDICIARY— 

members of state supreme coui:t viii 

members of district court ix 

judicial districts 291-293 

justices U. S. supreme court 883 , 386, 387 

circuit courts , etc 384 

district courts of U. S 385-386 

JUDGES— 

district, vote 1908 291-293 

supreme , state , vote 1908 214 

LAND LAWS OF UNITED STATES— 

digest of 321-330 

LEGAL RATES (newspaper) 383 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



LEGISLATIVE DISTRICTS 280-290 

under act of 1909 xxxi , xxxii 

LEGISLATURE— 

rules of senate and house, 1909 167-173 

members of, 1909 f 168-166 

biography of members, 1909 440-457 

senate committees, 1909 173-176 

house committees, 1909 182-186 

rules, joint, 1909 185-187 

LIBRARIES, PUBLIC 842 

MAGNA CHARTA 1-11 

MEASURES AND DISTANCES 338, 339 

mile in different countries 341 

information about steam 421 

MONEY— 

various kinds in circulation 876 

MONROE DICTRINE 396, 397 

NATURALIZATION LAWS OF U. S 416-417 

NEWSPAPERS IN NORTH DAKOTA 325-332 

legal '833 

legal rates 833 

NORTH DAKOTA— admission of into union 188, 139 

NORTH DAKOTA STATE GUARD— ROSTER 334-336 

OFFICERS— (see Territorial Officers, State Officers.) 

state , salaries 337 

appointive, salaries 337 

county 294-298 

ORDINANCE OF 1787 27-33 

PENSION AGENTS OF U. S 819 

POLITICS— 

republican state committee xix 

democratic state committee xx 

national committees xxi-xxvii 

POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESIDENT— 

1904 and 1908 406, 407 

POPULATION— 

United States by states, 1890 and 1900 402 — 403 

North Dakota by counties, 1890 and 1900 346-349 

North Dakota bjr counties, 1905 353-374 

North Dakota cities and towns, 1890 and 1900 851, 352 

North Dakota cities and towns, 1905 372-374 

Philippines and provinces 899 

POST OFFICES— • 

in North Dakota 316-323 

presidential in North Dakota 324 

POSTAL INFORMATION 417-419 

PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES 382 

electoral vote, 1904 , 1908 408 

popular vote 406, 407 

PRIMARY ELECTION ACT OF 1907 422-432 

supreme court decisions affecting 432 , 433 

non-partizan judiciary act 433 

PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS— 

name and location 337 

REAPPORTIONMENT ACT, 1907 392--395 

REFEREES IN BANKRUPTCY x 

REPRESENTATION 280-290 



VI 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



ROSTER OF NORTH DAKOTA MILITIA 

RULES— 

senate 

house 

joint '. 

SENATE COMMITTEES 

STATE BOARD OF EQUALIZATION— 

members of 

meeting ^ of 

STATE INSTITUTIONS— 

names and location 

STATE LEGISLATURES— 

members first session , 1889-90 

members second session, 1891 

extra session 

members third session , 1893 

members fourth session , 1895 

members fifth session , 1897 

members sixth session, 1899 

members seventh session , 1901 

members eigllth session , 1903 

members ninth session, 1905 

members tenth session j 1907 

members eleventh session , 1909 

STATE OFFICERS— 

prior to 1908 

for 1909-1910 (front part of book) 

biography of members 

salaries 

vote, 1908 

appointive , salaries 

SUPREME COURT OF THE U. S 383, 

TERRITORIAL LEGISLATURES— 

members of .' 

TERRITORIAL OFFICERS— 

from organization of territory 

U. S. COMMISSIONERS 

U. S. GOVERNMENT— 

executive, cabinet, judiciary, pay, etc 

U. S. SENATE (members and terms) 

U. S. SENATORS FROM NORTH DAKOTA 

biography 

VICE PRESIDENTS 

VILLAGES, Incorporated 

VOTE^ — (see election statistics). 

VOTERS — qualification 

WATER MEASUREMENT 

WEATHER OBSERVERS 

WEIGHTS— legal 



334-336 

167-173 
175-182 
186-87 

167-173 

xvi 
xvl 

387 

• 

lil 

143 

146 

I4«i 

147 

148 

149 

150-152 

153-156 

156-159 

159-162 

163-166 

142-14 4 
vii, viii 
438-440 

337 
214-219 

337 

386, 387 

59-67 

57-59 
ix-x 

877-381 

409, 410 

ix 
487 

383 

299-304 

411-414 
332 

348-845 
841 



OFFICIAL DIRECTORY 



State GovernmeVit. 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. 

John Burke » Governor, Bismarck. 
P. E. Byrne, Private Secretary, Bismarck. 
William Burke, Stenographer, Bismarck. 
R. S. Lewis, Lieutenant Governor, Fargo. 

DEPARTMENT OF STATE. 

Alfred B^aisdell, Secretary of State, Bismarck. 

C. W. LaMoure, Deputy, Bismarck. 
Peter Roth, Chief Clerk, Bismarck. 

Geor8[e Weatherhead, Printing Qerk, Bismarck. 
Amelia Erickson, Recorder, Bismarck. 
Mary Kelly, Stenographer, Bismarck. 
Alice Olson, Stenographer, BismarcK. 
N. L. Call, State Librarian, Bismarck. 

AUDITOR'S DEPARTMENT. 

D. K. Brightbill, State Auditor, Bismarck. 
Carl O. Jorgenson, Deputy, Bismarck. 

W. E. Peck, Chief Clerk, Bismarck. 

D. McPhee, Bookkeeper, Bismarck. 
Miles A. Selvig, Clerkj Bismarck. 
C. H. Olson, Qerk, Bismarck. 

TREASURER'S DEPARTMENT. 

G. L. Bickford, Treasurer, Bismarck. 
W. D. Austin, Deputy, Bismarck. 
Ellen Mitchell, Qerk, Bismarck. 
Ruby Bickford, Clerk, Bismarck. 
Cora M. Johnson, Clerk, Bismarck. 
Marion J. McKenzie, Clerk, Bismarck. 

INSURANCE DEPARTMENT. 

E. C. Cooper, Commissioner, Bismarck. 
H. E. Miller, Deputy, Bismarck. 

G. N. Olson, Chief Clerk, Bismarck. 
Qara E. Stevens, Clerk, Bismarck. 
Dora Michelson, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

LEGAL DEPARTMENT. 

Andrew Miller, Attorney General, Bismarck. 
Alfred Zuger, Assistant, Bismarck. 
C. L. Young. Assistant, Bismarck. 
Maud Hazard, Stenographer, Bismarck. 
Alice Holland, Stenographer, Bismarck. 



viii LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 

W. L. Stockwell, Superintendent, Bismarck. 
E. J, Taylor, Deputy, Bismarck. 
Richard Hey wood, High School Inspector. 
W. E, Parsons, Clerk, Bismarck. 

E. Burgess, Stenographer, Bismarck. 
Olive Proctor, Clerk, Bismarck. 

BUREAU OF AGRICULTURE AND STATISTICS. 

W. C. Gilbreath, Commissioner of Agriculture, Bismarck. 

F. M. Gilbreath, Deputy, Bismarck. 

R. F. Flint, Dairy Commissioner, Bismarck. 

E. H. Pierce, Assistant Dairy Commissioner, Bbmarck. 
Melvin G. Hagen, Clerk, Bismarck. 

R. H. Thistlethwaite, Clerk, Bismarck. 
Fanny Slattery, Stenographer, Bismarck. 
Constance C. Straw, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

COMMISSIONERS OF RAILROADS. 

W, H. Stutsman, President. 

O. P. N. Anderson. 

W. H. Mann. 

Thomas Hall. Secretary. 

Mabel W. Amiot, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

LAND DEPARTMENT. 

Board of University and School Lands — Superintendent of Public 
Instruction, Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, State 
Auditor. 

Alexander Macdonald, Commissioner, Bismarck. 

W. P. Thurston, Deputy, Bismarck. 

W. E. Coates, Chief Clerk, Bismarck. 

Lydia Keithahn, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

Mabel Peterson, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

Ruth R. Brown, Clerk, Bismarck. 

Gilbert Haugen, Clerk, Bismarck. 

O. J. Olson, Clerk, Bismarck. 

John Harvey, Clerk, Bismarck. 

C. B. Heinemeyer, Clerk, Bismarck. 

DEPARTMENT Or STATE EXAMINER. 

Oliver Knudson, State Examiner, Bismarck. 

J. M. Fahey, Deputy, Minot. 

Roy A. Nelson, Deputy, Bismarck. 

L. J. Bleecker, Deputy, Hankinson. 

John Vallchr, Deputy, Grand Forks. 

J. H. Hoffman, Deputy, Donnybrook. 

S. H. Wilson, Deputy, Bottineau. 

R. M. Halliday, Clerk, Bismarck. 

Gertrude A. Leonard, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE. 

State Supreme Court — 

D. E. Morgan, Chief Justice, Devils Lake. 
B. F. Spaloing, Associate Justice, Fargo. 
Chas. J. Fisk, Associate Justice, Grand Forks. 
John Carmody, Associate Justice, Hillsboro. 

S. E. Ellsworth, Associate Justice, Jamestown. 

F. W. Ames, Reporter, Mayville. 
R. D. Hoskins, Clerk, Bismarck. 

Chas. C Wattam, Stenographer, Bismarck. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA ix 

STATE CAPITOL. 
Capitol Building — D. M. Slattery, superintendent, Bismarck. 

DISTRICT JUDGES AND OFFICIALS. 

First District — Chas. F. Templeton, Judge, Grand Forks; A. F. 
Madison, Stenographer, Grand Forks. 

Second District — John F. Cowan, Judge, Devils Lake; Stenographer, 
C. E. Taylor, Devils Lake. 

Third District— Chas. A. Pollock, Judge, Fargo; Wm. C. Green, 
Stenographer, Fargo. 

Fourth District — Frank P. Allen, Judge, Lisbon; Van H. Crane, 
Stenographer, Lisbon. 

Fifth District— Edward T. Burke, Judge, Valley Qty; John C. 
Lowe, Stenographer, Minot. 

Sixth District— W. H. Winchester, Judge, Bismarck; T. C 
Madden , Stenographer, Bismarck. 

Seventh District — ^W. J. Kneeshaw, Judge, Pembina; Lawella G. 
Daubenberg, Stenographer, Grafton. 

Eighth District — E. B. Goss, Judge, Minot; John C. Lowe, 
.Stenographer, Minot. 

Ninth District— A. G. Burr, Judge, Rugby; Harold B. Nelson, 
Stenographer, Rugby. 

Tenth District— W. C. Crawford, Judge, Dickinson; R. V. Boulger, 
Stenographer, Dickinson. 

FEDERAL OFFICIALS. 

United States Circuit Judges — Walter H. Sanborn, St. Paul, Minn.; 
Elmer B. Adams, St. Louis, Mo.; Willis Van Devanter, Cheyenne, 
Wyoming; William C. Hook, Leavenworth, Kansas. 

United States District Judge — Charles F. Amidon, Fargo, N. D. 

United States Marshal — ^James F. Shea, Fargo, N. D. 

United States Attorney — P. H. Rourke, Lisbon, N. D. 

Assistant United States Attornev — W. H. Barnett, Fargo, N. D. 

Clerk United States Circuit and l>istrict Courts — J. A. Montgomery, 
Fargo, N. D. 

Deputy Clerks — Miss E. R. Steele, Fargo, N. D. ; F. L. Conklin, 
Bismarck, N. D. ; H. N. Hamilton, Grand Forks, N. D.; D. G. 
Duell, Devils Lake, N. D.; R. E. Hopkins, Minot, N. D. 

Deputy Collectors of Internal Revenue — H. Ellerman, Aberdeen; 
Geo. H. Piercy, Jamestown; G. H. Merriiield, Grand Forks. 

National Bank Examiners — E. S. Tyler, Fargo, N. D. 

Collector of Customs — ^J. LaMoure, Tr., Pembina, N. D. 

Deputy U. S. Marshals— C. N. Valentine (Chief Deputy), G. J. 
Stout, A. S. Quist and A. E. McKay, Fargo, N. D. 

CONGRESSIONAL. 

United States Senators — M. N. Johnson, Petersburg, N. D., term 
expires March 8, 1915; Porter J. McCumber, Wahpeton, N. D., 
term expires March 8, 1911. 

Representatives at large in Congress — L. B. Hanna, Fargo, S. 
D.; A. J. Gronna, Lakota, N. D. 

UNITED STATES COMMISSIONERS FO^ THE STATE OF 

NORTH DAKOTA. 

Ashley — Wishek, John H., appointed September 20, 1906. 
Alexander — Norheim, Robert, appointed April 6, 1906. 
Ambrose — Austinson, T. G., appointed February 11, 1908. 
Ambrose — Grace, Charles T., appointed February 24, 1908. 
Beach — Andrews, R. M., appointed September 8, 1909. 
Bottineau — Hawker, Mark, appointed May 17, 1906. 



LEGISLATIVK MANUAL 



Bowman — Torkelson, Theodore B., appointed February 5, 1908. 
Bowman — Totten, Edward P., appointed February 18, 1908. 
Bowman — Sheldon, S. L. , appointed June 1, 1908. 
Bismarck — McKenzie, M. J., appointed June 5, 1907. 
Beach — McClellan, Geo., appointed July 13, 1908, 
Cando — Brooke, James V., appointed January 16, 1907, 
Devils Lake — Duell, D. G., appointed August 21, 1906. 
Devils Lake — Serumgard, Sever, appointed August 6, 1907. 
Charlson — Charlson, T. E. , appointed April 30, 1909. 
Dickinson — Wood, James H., apipointed February 11, 1908. 
Dickinson — Everett, W. R. , appointed February 18, 1908. 
Ellendale — Perry, H. H. , appointed November 14, 1906. 
Fargo — Montgomery, J. A., (extradition cases), appointed Decem- 
ber, 23, 1905. 

Flaxton — Ware, Paul S., appointed January 23, 1908. 
Fessenden — Shaw, Geo. K., appointed April 17, 1906. 
Grand Forks — Robbins, Geo. R., appointed April 30, 1907. 
Hettinger — Sonderall, Jacob, appointed April 19, 1907. 
Hettinger — Munger, E. A., appointed April 29, 1907. 
Hettinger — Rourke, Cornelius, appointed July 16, 1907. 
Hettinger — Simmons, H. L., appointed March 7, 1908. 
Jamestown— ^Kneeland , Fred G., appointed June 6, 1907. 
Lakota — Fairbanks, W. C, appointed December 12, 1907. 
Langdon — Cleary, Joseph, appointed June 5, 1907. 
Linton — Weatherby, L. A., appointed July 24, 1906. 
McClusky — Temple, Frank R., appointed March 20, 1909. 
Minnewaukan — Richmond, E. L. , appointed May 19, 1909. 
Minot — Bird, John A., appointed December 12, 1906. 
Manning — Owens, Wm. P., appointed February 4, 1908. 
Manning — Lytle, Robert D., appointed November 13, 1906. 
Mott — Crane, V. H. , appointed September 11, 1909. 
Mott — Stone, Geo. H., appointed December 12, 1906. 
Max — Freitag, H. R., appointed January 2, 1908. 
Napoleon — Bryant, Geo. A., appointed May 30, 1906. 
Pembina — Conmy, E. W. , appointed November 14, 1906. 
Plaza — Schulenberg, Ed., appointed January 9, 1908. 
Rhame — Brown, Simon, appointed May 27, 1909. 
Rolla — Packard, Wm. D., appointed January 7, 1907. 
Rolla — Galloway, G. F., appointed May 9, 1907. 
Ryder — ^Johnson, H. E., appointed January 2, 1908. 
Sykeston — Covel, A. G., appointed April 14, 1906. 
Steele — Stanley, Charles H. , appointed August 9, 1906. 
Stanton — ^Van Benschoten, H. L., appointed October 18, 1907. 
Schafer — Converse, C. C, appointed May 16, 1908. 
Schafer — Whitehead, Ben. G., appointed March 17, 1909. 
Towner — Pendroy, Levi B., appointed January 31, 1906. 
Towner — Holmes, Henry A., appointed December 17, 1906. 
Washburn — ^Johnson, Aug. E. , appointed April 29, 1907. 
Washburn — Nuessle, Wm. L. , appointed October 30, 1906. 
Williston — Crewe, Percy S., appointed September 23, 1907. 
Williston — Flittie, John, appointed September 26, 1907. 
Williston — Stafne, Albert J., appointed January 6, 1908. 

REFEREES IN BANKRUPTCY. 

Emerson H. Smith, Fargo. 
H. L. Whithed, Grand Forks. 
John H. Lewis, Minot. 

TERMS OF SUPREME AND U. S. COURTS. 

Supreme Court — April term, first Tuesday in April at Bismarckr 
October term, first Tuesday in October at Bismarck. 

United States Court — ^At Bismarck, first Tuesday in March; Devils 
Lake, first Tuesday in July; Fargo, third Tuesday in May; Grand 
Forks, second Tuesday in November; Minot, second Tuesday in 
October, 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA xi 



UNITED STATES LAND OFFICERS. 

Bismarck — M. H. Jewell, Register; John Satterlund, Receiver. 
Devils Lake — Wm. Miller, Register; F. W. Cockburn, Receiver. 
Dickinson — S. M. Ferris, Register; W. A. McClure, Receiver. 
Fargo — C. C. Schuyler, Register; J. J. Jordan, Receiver. 
Minot — T. E. Olst^ard, Register; Robert Gorman, Receiver. 
Williston— Geo. H. Wilson, Register; M. S. Williams, Re- 
ceiver. 

U. S. WEATHER BUREAU. 
O. W. Roberts, director, Bismarck, N. D. 

TRUSTEES AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE, FARGO. 

Clarke W. Kelly, Devils Lake, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1911. 

James Radford, Warren, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 

George H. Hollister, Fargo, term expires first Tuesday, in April, 
1911. 

H. R. Hartman, Page, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 

Frank Sanford, Rogers, term expires first Tuesday in April, 191$. 

L. A. Ueland, LaMoure, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1913. 

Arga Bowen, Mohall, term expires "first Tuesday in April, 1913. 

TRUSTEES BLIND ASYLUM. BATHGATE. 

John Childerhousc, St. Thomas, term expires third Monday in 
February, 1911. 

H. C. Thompson, Bowtsmont, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruary, 1911. 

Alexander Morrison, Bathgate, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruary, 1911. 

Peter Cameron, Tyner, term expires third Monday in February, 
1913. 

E. W. Conmy, Pembina, terra expires third Monday in February, 
1913. 

TRUSTEES SCHOOL FOR DEAF AND DUMB, DEVILS LAKE. 

Fred Stevens, Crary, N. D., term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1911. 

E. B. Page, Leeds, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1913. 
Thos. Dougherty, "Starkweather, term expires first xuesday in April, 

1913. 

L. A. Jbarson, Rugby, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1913. 
Charles Peterson, Bisbee, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1913. 

TRUSTEES INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL, ELLENDALE. 

Richard McCarten, Cogswell, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruary, 1911. 

Herman Landblom, term expires third Monday in February, 1913. 

Walter C. Taylor, LaMoure, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruary, 1911. 

F. L. Walker, Ellendale, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruarv, 1913. 

Ebenezer Magoffin, Monango, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruary, 1913. 

TRUSTEES HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE, JAMESTOWN. 

M. A. Hildreth, Fargo, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 

John B. Fried, Jamestown, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1911. 

H. J. Mitchell, New Rockford, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1911. 

H. M. Taber, Jamestown, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1918. 

W. H. Lackey, Westhope, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1913. 



GREAT SEAL OF NORTH DAKOTA 



Stat* Flower of North Dakota The Wild Rose 






TABLE OF CONTENTS 



ADMISSION PROCXAMATION 188, 189 

AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS— 

North Dakota 436 

United States 485 

ALTITUDES IN NOR'lH DAKOTA . . .^ 875 

APPORTIONMENT— 

legislative prior to 1909 w . , . . 280-290 

act of 1909 892-895 

ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION 17-26 

ATTORNEYS— 

list of in North Dakota 805-312 

registered law students 813 

BIOGRAPHICAI^- 

congressional delegation 437 

supreme court 437 , 438 

state officers 438-440 

members of legislature , 1909 440-457 

BOARDS— 

trustees of public institutions xi-xvi 

CABINET OFFICERS 388-394 

CENSUS— 

North Dakota by counties, 3 860 to 1900 346-349 

North Dakota by counties, 1905 353-374 

North Dakota cities and towns, 1890 and 1900 351-352 

North Dakota cities and towns, 1905 372-374 

U. S., 1890 and 1900 402, 403 

CITIES AND VILLAGES (incorporated) 299-304 

COMMITTEES— 

senate standing 178-175 

house standing « 182-185 

joint 185 

political xix-xxviii 

CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION— 

date of 68 

members of 68 

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 34-45 

ratification by states xxviii , xxix, 50-53 

amendments 49 

ratification by states 45 

CONSTITUTION OF NORTH DAKOTA 81-133 

amendments 133-136 

vote on adoption « xxx 

COUNTY OFFICIALS 294-298 

COUNTIES— 

names , county seats 294 



IV 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



V. 



COURTS— ^ «ii-<»is 

district, terms of si4-8io 

biography of members of *87 , 488 

federal , terms of . * 

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 13-16 

•> 

DIRECTORY— - 

state officers and boards (front part of book) Vh^^} 

U. S. officials and cabinet 377-881 

ELECTION STATISTICS— 

electoral vote. 1^00, 1904 ^S2a 151 

members of legislature. 1909 55?"5S2 

district judges, election 1908 ^®^~J^5 

members of congress, 1908 218 

members of congress prior to 1908 188-108 

on prohibition 3cxx 

on adoption of constitution 81 , xxx 

popular vote for president, 1904, 1908 406, 407 

by precincts in each county for 1908 221-279 

governor , prior to 1908 188-197 

state officers, 1908 2^*-?l? 

president, 1904, 1908 408 

president, 1908 212 

ELECTORAL VOTE, 1904, 1908 ... 408 

of states xxvui-xxix 

ENABLING ACT 69-80 

FEDERAL OFFICIALS— 

list of ix, 377-381 

GAME LAWS— 

digest of North Dakota 434 

board of control xviii 

GOVERNORS OF STATES AND TERRITORIES 404, 405 

salaries 404, 405 

HISTORY OF NORTH DAKOTA 54-56 

HOLIDAYS 338 

HOUSE COMMITTEES 182-185 

INSURANCE COMPANIES— 

authorized to do business in North Dakota 338-341 

IRRIGATION— 

measure of water, etc 332 

quantity table 836 

JUDICIARY— 

members of state supreme cou^t viii 

members of district court ix 

judicial districts 291-298 

justices U. S. supreme court 383, 386, 887 

circuit courts , etc 884 

district courts of U. S 386-386 

JUDGES— 

district, vote 1908 291-293 

supreme, state, vote 1908 214 

LAND LAWS OF UNITED STATES— 

digest of 821-830 

LEGAL RATES (newspaper) 88S 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



LEGISLATIVE DISTRICTS 280-290 

under act of 1909 xxxi , xxxii 

LEGISLATURE— 

rules of senate and house, 1909 167-173 

members of, 1909 f 168-166 

biography of members, 1909 440-457 

senate committees, 1909 173-176 

house committees , 1909 182-185 

rules, joint, 1909 185-187 

LIBRARIES, PUBLIC 842 

MAGNA CHARTA 1-11 

MEASURES AND DISTANCES 388, 839 

mile in different countries 341 

information about steam 421 

MONEY— 

various kinds in circulation 376 

MONROE DICTRINE 396, 897 

NATURALIZATION LAWS OF U. S 415-417 

NEWSPAPERS IN NORTH DAKOTA 325-332 

legal '833 

legal rates 383 

NORTH DAKOTA— admission of into union 188, 139 

NORTH DAKOTA STATE GUARD— ROSTER 834-336 

OFFICERS— (see Territorial Officers, State Officers.) 

state , salaries 337 

appointive, salaries 337 

county 294-298 

ORDINANCE OF 1787 27-33 

PENSION AGENTS OF U. S 319 

POLITICS— 

republican state committee xix 

democratic state committee xx 

national committees xxi-xxvii 

POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESIDENT— 

1904 and 1908 406, 407 

POPULATION— 

United States by states, 1890 and 1900 402 — 403 

North Dakota by counties, 1890 and 1900 346-349 

North Dakota by counties, 1905 853-374 

North Dakota cities and towns, 1890 and 1900 851, 352 

North Dakota cities and towns, 1905 872-874 

Philippines and provinces 899 

POST OFFICES— • 

in North Dakota 316-323 

presidential in North Dakota 324 

POSTAL INFORMATION 417-419 

PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES 382 

electoral vote, 1904, 1908 408 

popular vote 406, 407 

PRIMARY ELECTION ACT OF 1907 422-432 

supreme court decisions affecting 432 , 433 

non-partizan judiciary act 483 

PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS— 

name and location 837 

REAPPORTIONMENT ACT, 1907 392-395 

REFEREES IN BANKRUPTCY x 

REPRESENTATION 280-290 



vi LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



ROSTER OF NORTH DAKOTA MILITIA 334-336 

RULES— 

senate 167-173 

house 175 -182 

joint •. 185-87 

SENATE COMMITTEES 167-173 

STATE BOARD OF EQUALIZATION— 

members of xvi 

meeting of xvl 

STATE INSTITUTIONS— 

names and location 337 

STATE LEGISLATURES— 

members first session , 1889-90 144 

members second session, 1891 143 

extra session 146 

members third session , 1893 14') 

members fourth session , 1895 147 

members fifth session , 1897 148 

members sixth session, 1899 149 

members seventh session, 1901 150-152 

members eigBth session , 1903 153-15rt 

members ninth session, 1905 156-159 

members tenth session^ 1907 159-162 

members eleventh session, 1909 163-166 

STATE OFFICERS— 

prior to 1908 142-14 4 

for 1909-1910 (front part of book) vii, viii 

biography of members 438-440 

salaries 337 

vote, 1908 214-219 

appointive , salaries 337 

SUPREME COURT OF THE U. S 383, 386, 387 

TERRITORIAL LEGISLATURES— 

members of .' 59-67 

TERRITORIAL OFFICERS— 

from organizatipn of territory 57-59 

U. S. COMMISSIONERS ix-x 

U. S. GOVERNMENT— 

executive, cabinet, judiciary, pay, etc 377-381 

U. S. SENATE (members and terms) 409, 410 

U. S. SENATORS FROM NORTH DAKOTA ix 

biography 437 

VICE PRESIDENTS 383 

VILLAGES, Incorporated 299-304 

VOTE^ — (see election statistics). 

VOTERS— qualification 411-414 

WATER MEASUREMENT 332 

WEATHER OBSERVERS 343-345 

WEIGHTS— legal 341 



OFFICIAL DIRECTORY 



State GovernmeVit. 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. 

John Burke, Governor, Bismarck. 
±*. E. Byrne, Private Secretary, Bismarck. 
William Burke, Stenographer, Bismarck. 
R. S. Lewis, Lieutenant Governor, Fargo. 

DEPARTMENT OF STATE. 

Alfred B^aisdell, Secretary of State, Bismarck. 

C. W. LaMoure, Deputy, Bismarck. 
Peter Roth, Chief Llerk, Bismarck. 

George Weatherhead, Printing Qerk, Bismarck. 
Amelia Erickson, Recorder, Bismarck. 
Mary Kelly, Stenographer, Bismarck. 
Alice Olson, Stenographer, BismarcK. 
N. L. Call, State Librarian, Bismarck. 

AUDITOR'S DEPARTMENT. 

D. K. Brightbill, State Auditor, Bismarck. 
Carl O. Jorgenson, Deputy, Bismarck. 

W. E. Peck, Chief Clerk, Bismarck. 

D. McPhee, Bookkeeper, Bismarck. 
Miles A. Selvig, Clerkj Bismarck. 
C. H. Olson, Qerk, Bismarck. 

TREASURER'S DEPARTMENT. 

G. L. Bickford, Treasurer, Bismarck. 
W. D. Austin, Deputy, Bismarck. 
Ellen Mitchell, Qerk, Bismarck. 
Ruby Bickford, Clerk, Bismarck. 
Cora M. Johnson, Clerk, Bismarck. 
Marion J. McKenzie, Clerk, Bismarck. 

INSURANCE DEPARTMENT. 

E. C. Cooper, Commissioner, Bismarck. 
H. £. Miller, Deputy, Bismarck. 

G. N. Olson, Chief Clerk, Bismarck. 
Qara E. Stevens, Qerk, Bismarck. 
Dora Michelson, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

LEGAL DEPARTMENT. 

Andrew Miller, Attorney General, Bismarck. 
Alfred Zuger, Assistant, Bismarck. 
C. L. Young, Assistant, Bismarck. 
Maud Hazard, Stenographer, Bismarck. 
Alice Holland, Stenographer, Bismarck. 



viii LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 

W. L. Stockw«ll, Superintendent, Bismarck. 
E. J. Taylor, Deputy, Bismarck. 
Richard Heywood, High School Inspector. 
W. E, Parsons, Clerk, Bismarck. 

E. Burgess, Stenographer ^ Bismarck. 
Olive Proctor, Clerk, Bismarck. 

BUREAU OF AGRICULTURE AND STATISTICS. 

W. C. Gilbreath, Commissioner of Agriculture, Bismarck. 

F. M. Gilbreath, Deputy, Bismarck. 

R. F. Flint, Dairy Commissioner, Bismarck. 

E. H. Pierce, Assistant Dairy Commissioner, Bismarck. 
Melvin G. Hagen, Clerk, Bismarck. 

"R. H. Thistlethwaite, Clerk, Bismarck. 
Fanny Slattery, Stenographer, Bismarck. 
Constance C. Straw, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

COMMISSIONERS OF RAILROADS. 

W. H. Stutsman, President. 

O. P. N. Anderson. 

W. H. Mann. 

Thomas Hall. Secretary. 

Mabel W. Amiot, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

LAND DEPARTMENT. 

Board of University and School Lands — Superintendent of Public 
Instruction, Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, State 
Auditor. 

Alexander Macdonald, Commissioner, Bismarck. 

W. P. Thurston, Deputy, Bismarck. 

W. E. Coates, Chief Clerk, Bismarck. 

Lydia Keithahn, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

Mabel Peterson, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

Ruth R. Brown, Clerk, Bismarck. 

Gilbert Haugen, Clerk, Bismarck. 

O. J. Olson, Clerk, Bismarck. 

John Harvey, Clerk, Bismarck. 

C. B. Heinemeyer, Clerk, Bismarck. 

DEPARTMENT Ox^' STATE EXAMINER. 

Oliver Knudson, State Examiner, Bismarck. 

J. M. Fahey, Deputy, Minot. 

Roy A. Nelson, Deputy, Bismarck. 

L. J. Bleecker, Deputy, Hankinson. 

John Vallehr, Deputy, Grand Forks. 

J. H. Hoffman, Deputy, Donnybrook. 

S. H. Wilson, Deputy, Bottineau. 

R. M. Halliday, Clerk, Bismarck. 

Gertrude A. Leonard, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE. 

State Supreme Court — 

D. E. Morgan, Chief Justice, Devils Lake. 
B. F. Spalding, Associate Justice, Fargo. 
Chas. J. Fisk, Associate Justice, Grand Forks. 
John Carmody, Associate Justice, Hillsboro. 

S. E. Ellsworth, Associate Justice, Jamestown. 

F. W. Ames, Reporter, Mayville. 
R. D. Hoskins, Clerk, Bismarck. 

Chas. C Wattam, Stenographer, Bismarck. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA ix 

STATE CAPITOL. 
Capitol Building — D. M. Slattery, superintendent, Bismarck. 

DISTRICT JUDGES AND OFFICIALS. 

First District — Chas. F. Templeton, Judge, Grand Forks; A. F. 
Madison, Stenographer, Grand Forks. 

Second District — John F. Cowan, Judge, Devils Lake; Stenographer, 
C. E. Taylor, Devils Lake. 

Third District— Chas. A. Pollock, Judge, Fargo; Wm. C. Green, 
Stenographer, Fargo. 

Fourth District — Frank P. Allen, Judge, Lisbon; Van H. Crane, 
Stenographer, Lisbon. 

Fifth District— Edward T. Burke, Judge, Valley Gty; John C. 
Lowe, Stenographer, Minot. 

Sixth District— W. H. Winchester, Judge, Bismarck; T. C 
Madden, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

Seventh District — ^W. J. Kneeshaw, Judge, Pembina; Lawella G. 
Daubenberg, Stenographer, Grafton. 

Eighth District— -E. B. Goss, Judge, Minot; John C. Lowe, 
. Stenographer , Minot. 

Ninth District— A. G. Burr, Judge, Rugby; Harold B. Nelson, 
Stenographer, Rugbv. 

Tenth District— W. C. Crawford, Judge, Dickinson; R. V. Boulger, 
Stenographer, Dickinson. 

FEDERAL OFFICIALS. 

United States Circuit Judges — Walter H. Sanborn, St. Paul, Minn.; 
Elmer B. Adams, St. Louis, Mo.; Willis Van Devantcr, Cheyenne, 
Wyoming; William C. Hook, Leavenworth, Kansas. 

United States District Judge — Charles F. Amidon, Fargo, N. D. 

United States Marshal — James F. Shea, Fargo, N. D. 

United States Attorney — P. H. Rourke, Lisbon, N. D. 

Assistant United States Attorney — W. H. Barnett, Fargo, N. D. 

Clerk United States Circuit and t>istrict Courts — J. A. Montgomery, 
Fargo, N. D. 

Deputv Ocrks — Miss E. R. Steele, Fargo, N. D.; F. L. Conklin, 
BismarcK, N. D. ; H. N. Hamilton, Grand Forks, N. D.; D. G. 
Duell, Devils Lake, N. D.; R. E. Hopkins, Minot, N. D. 

Deputy Collectors of Internal Revenue — H. Ellerman, Aberdeen; 
Geo. H. Piercy, Jamestown; G. H. Merrifield, Grand Forks. 

National Bank Examiners — E. S. Tyler, Fargo, N. D. 

Collector of Customs — ^J. LaMoure, Tr., Pembina, N. D. 

Deputy U. S. Marshals— C. N. Valentine (Chief Deputy), G. J. 
Stout, A. S. Quist and A. E. McKay, Fargo, N. D. 

CONGRESSIONAL. 

United States Senators — M. N. Johnson, Petersburg, N. D., term 
expires March 3, 1915; Porter J. McCumber, Wahpeton, N. D., 
term expires March 8, 1911, 

Representatives at large in Congress — L. B. Hanna, Fargo, N. 
D.; A. J. Gronna, Lakota, N. D. 

UNITED STATES COMMISSIONERS FO^ THE STATE OF 

NORTH DAKOTA. 

Ashley — Wishek, John H., appointed September 20, 1905. 
Alexander — Norheim, Robert, appointed April 5, 1906. 
Ambrose — Austinson, T. G., appointed FeWuary 11, 1908. 
Ambrose — Grace, Charles T., appointed February 24, 1908. 
Beach — Andrews, R. M., appointed September 8, 1909. 
Bottineau — Hawker, Mark, appointed May 17, 1906. 



LEGISLATIVK MANUAL 



Bowman — Torkelson, Theodore B., appointed February 6, 1908. 
Bowman — Totten, Edward P., appointed February 18, 1908. 
Bowman — Sheldon, S. L. , appointed June 1, 1908. 
Bismarck — McKenzie, M. J., appointed June 5, 1907. 
Beach — McClellan, Geo., appointed July 18, 1908. 
Cando — Brooke, James V., appointed January 16, 1907. 
Devils Lake — Duell, D. G., appointed August 21, 1906. 
Devils Lake — Serumgard, Sever, appointed August 5, 1907. 
Charlson — Charlson, T. E. , appointed April 30, 1909. 
Dickinson — Wood, James H. , appointed February 11, 1908. 
Dickinson — Everett, W. R. , appointed February 18, 1908, 
Ellendale — Perry, H. H., appointed November 14, 1906. 
Fargo — Montgomery, J. A., (extradition cases), appointed Decem- 
ber 23 1905. 

Flaxton — Ware, Paul S., appointed January 23, 1908. 
Fessenden — Shaw, Geo. K. , appointed April 17, 1906. 
Grand Forks — Robbins, Geo. R., appointed April 30, 1907. 
Hettinger — Sonderall, Jacob, appointed April 19, 1907. 
Hettinger — Munger, E. A., appointed April 29, 1907. 
Hettinger — Rourke, Cornelius, appointed July 16, 1907. 
Hettinger — Simmons, H. L., appointed March 7, 1908. 
Jamestown-^Kneeland , Fred G., appointed June 6, 1907. 
Lakota — Fairbanks, W. C., appointed December 12, 1907. 
Langdon — Cleary, Joseph, appointed June 5, 1907. 
Linton — Weatherby, L. A., appointed July 24, 1906. 
McClusky — Temple, Frank R., appointed March 20, 1909. 
Minnewaukan — Richmond, E. L. , appointed May 19, 1909. 
Minot — Bird, John A., appointed December 12, 1906. 
Manning — Owens, Wm. P., appointed February 4, 1908. 
Manning — Lytle, Robert D., appointed November 13, 1906. 
Mott — Crane, V. H. , appointed September 11, 1909. 
Mott — Stone, Geo. H. , appointed December 12, 1906. 
Max — Freitag, H. R., appointed January 2, 1908. 
Napoleon — Bryant, Geo. A., appointed May 30, 1906. 
Pembina — Conmy, E. W. , appointed November 14, 1906. 
Plaza — Schulenberg, Ed., appointed January 9, 1908. 
Rhame — Brown, Simon, appointed M^ 27, 1909. 
Rolla — Packard, Wm. D., appointed January 7, 1907. 
Rolla — Galloway, G. F., appointed May 9, 1907. 
Ryder — ^Johnson, H. E., appointed January 2, 1908. 
Sykeston — Covel, A. G., appointed April 14, 1906. 
Steele— Stanley, Charles H., appointed August 9, 1906. 
Stanton — ^Van Benschoten, H. L., appointed October 18, 1907. 
Schafer — Converse, C. C, appointed May 16, 1908. 
Schafer — Whitehead, Ben. G., appointed March 17, 1909. 
Towner — Pendroy, Levi B., appointed January 31, 1906. 
Towner — Holmes, Henry A., appointed December 17, 1906. 
Washburn — ^Johnson, Aug. E., appointed April 29, 1907. 
Washburn — ^Nuessle, Wm. L. , appointed October 80, 1906. 
WilHston — Crewe, Percy S., appointed September 23, 1907. 
Williston — Flittie, John, appointed September 26, 1907. 
Williston — Stafne, Albert J., appointed January 6, 1908. 

REFEREES IN BANKRUPTCY. 

Emerson H. Smith, Fargo. 
H. L. Whithed, Grand Forks. 
John H. Lewis, Minot. 

TERMS OF SUPREME AND U. S. COURTS. 

Supreme Court — April term, first Tuesday in April at Bismarck; 
October term, first Tuesday in October at Bismarck. 

United States Court — ^At Bismarck, first Tuesday in March; Devils 
Lake, first Tuesday in July; Fargo, third Tuesday in May; Grand 
Forks, second Tuesday in November; Minot, second Tuesday in 
October. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA xi 



UNITED STATES LAND OFFICERS. 

Bismarck — M. H. Jewell, Register; John Satterlund, Receiver. 
Devils Lake — Wm. Miller, Register; F. W. Cockburn, Receiver. 
Dickinson — S. M. Ferris, Register; W. A. McClure, Receiver. 
Fargo— C. C. Schuyler, Regjister; J. J. Jordan, Receiver. 
Minot — T. E. Olsp^ard, Register; Robert Gorman, Receiver. 
Williston— Geo. H. Wilson, Register; M. S. Williams. Re- 
ceiver. 

U. S. WEATHER BUREAU. 
O. W. Roberts, director, Bismarck, N. D. 

TRUSTEES AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE, FARGO. 

Clarke W. Kelly, Devils Lake, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1911. 

James Radford, Warren, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 

George H. Hollister, Fargo, term expires first Tuesday, in April, 
1911. 

H. R. Hartman, Page, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 

Frank Sanford, Rogers, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1913. 

L. A. Ueland, LaMoure, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1913. 

Arga Bowen, Mohall, term expires 'first Tuesday in April, 1913. 

TRUSTEES BLIND ASYLUM. BATHGATE. 

John Childerhouse, St. Thomas, term expires third Monday in 
February, 1911. 

H. C. Thompson, Bowfesmont, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruary, 1911. 

Alexander Morrison, Bathgate, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruary, 1911. 

Peter Cameron, Tyner, term expires third Monday in February, 
1913. 

E. W. Conmy, Pembina, term expires third Monday in February, 
1913. 

TRUSTEES SCHOOL FOR DEAF AND DUMB. DEVILS LAKE. 

Fred Stevens, Crary, N. D., term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1911. 

E. B. Page, Leeds, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1913. 
Thos. Dougherty, "Starkweather, term expires first 'luesday in April, 

1913. 

L. A. i^arson, Rugby, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1913. 
Charles Peterson, Bisbee, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1918. 

TRUSTEES INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL, ELLENDALE. 

Richard McCarten, Cogswell, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruary, 1911. 

Herman Landblom, term expires third Monday^ in February, 1913. 

Walter C. Taylor, LaMoure, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruary, 1911. 

F. L. Walker, Ellendale, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruarv, 1913. 

Ebenezer Magoffin, Monango, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruary, 1913. 

TRUSTEES HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE, JAMESTOWN. 

M. A. Hildreth, Fargo, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 

John B. Fried, Jamestown, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1911. 

H. J. Mitchell, New Rockford, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1911. 

H. M. Taber, Jamestown, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1913. 

W. H. Lackey, Westhope, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1913. 



xii LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



BOARD OF MANAGEMENT NORMAL SCHOOL, VALLEY CITY 

E. R. Brownson, Williston, term expires second Tuesday in April, 
1911. 

John Severn, Jamestown, term expires second Tuesday in April, 
1911. 

Hugh McDonald, Valley City, term expires second Tuesday in April, 
1913. 

James E. Campbell, Mandan, term expires second Tuesday in April, 
1913. 

Walter R. Reed, Amenia, term expires second Tuesday in April, 
1913. 

BOARD OF MANAGEMENT NORMAL SCHOOL, MAYVILLE. 

Samuel Torgerson, Grand Forks, term expires second Tuesday in 
April, 1911. 

M. B. Cassell, Hope, terra expires second Tuesday in April, 1911. 
W. E. Byerly, Velva, term expires second Tuesday in April, 1911. 
S. H. Taylor, Mayville, term expires second Tuesday in April, 1913. 
David Dinnie, Minot, term expires second Tuesday in April, 1918. 

TRUSTEES STATE PENITENTIARY, BISMARCK. 

Thos. Conyers, Cando, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 

August H. Hoefs, Hankinson, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
191L 

Michael Murphy, Jamestown, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1913. 

A. B. Kerlin, Devils Lake, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1913. 

William E. Breen, Bismarck, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1913. 

TRUSTEES STATE REFORM SCHOOL, MANDAN. 

Fred F. Fritz, Towner, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 

Christian Bertsch, Jr., BismarcK, term expires first Tuesday in 
April, 1911. 

Wm. A. Lanterman, Mandan, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1913. 

E. A. Lillibridge, Dickinson, terra expires first Tuesday in April, 
1913. 

Joseph Mann, Washburn, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1913. 

TRUSTEES SOLDIERS* HOME, LISBON. 

Jacob L. Richmond, ex-officio. 

D. F. Siegfried, Sanborn, term expires March 20, 1911. 
O. F. Sperry, Lisbon, term expires March 20, 1911. 
Alexander Hay, Wahpeton, term expires March 20, 1914. 
Marion Grange, Sheldon, term expires March 20, 1913. 

TRUSTEES STATE UNIVERSITY, GRAND FORKS. 

Tracy R. Bangs, Grand Forks, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1913. ^ ., 

E. K. Spoonheim, Northwood, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1918. 

Victor Wardrope, Leeds, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 
N. C. Young, Fargo, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1918. 
H. T. Helgeson, Milton, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1913. 

DIRECTORS SCHOOL OF FORESTRY, BOTTINEAU. 

A. R. McKay, Bottineau, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 
Frank Peltier, Thorn, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 
M. H. O'Hara, Kenmare, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1918. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA xiii 



TRUSTEES INSTITUTION FOR FEEBLE MINDED. GRAFTON. 

C. F. Christensen, Park River, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1911. 

J. E. Gray, Grafton, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 

W. C. Trueman, Grafton, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911.. 

M. F. Hegffe, Hatton, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 

John M. O'Connoi, St. Thomas, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1913. 

TRUSTEES SCHOOL OF SCIENCE, WAHPETON. 

George E. Wallace, Wahpeton, term expires first Tuesday in April,. 
1911. 

John B. Wagner, Lidgerwood, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1911. 

Chas. Quinn, Wahpeton, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911.. 

Edward J. Hurley, Fairmount, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1913. 

Franz Schubeck, Ashley, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1913.. 

STATE BOARD OF VETERINARY MEDICAL EXAMINERS. 

S. P. Smith, Cando, term, expires October 7, 1910. 
J. F. Sylvester, Langdon, term expires June 9, 1909. 

F. L. Cusack, Carrington, term expires April 10, 1911. 

STATE BOARD OF PHARMACY. 

Walter Master, Willow City, term exi>ires April 5, 1912. 
H. L. Haussaman, Grafton, term expires April 5, 1913. 
W. S. Parker, Lisbon, term expires July 16, 1909. 
H. H. Bateman, Cooperstown. term expires April 6, 1911. 
W. P. Porterfield, Fargo, tefm expires September 6, 1912, 

STATE BOARD OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS. 

A. G. Patterson, Lisbon, term expires May 6, 1911. 

Lee Combs, Valley City, term expires May 7, 1911. 

H. W. Barbour, Edgeley, term exijires March 10, 1912. 

G. A. Carpenter, Fargo, term expires December 30, 1908. 

H. M. Wheeler, Grand Forks, term expires December 30, 1908. 
F. R. Smyth, Bismarck, term expires December 30, 1908. 
H. G. Woutat, Grand Forks, term expires July 11, 1909. 
F. J. Campbell, Fargo, term expires December 17, 1908. 
H. J. Rowe, Casselton, term expires December 30, 1907. 

STATE BOARD OF DENTAL EXAMINERS. 

. Georae T. McDonald, Jamestown, term expires January 12, 1914... 
W. J. Brownlee, Devils Lake, term expires January 12, 1912. 
H. L. Starling, Fargo, term expires March 27, 1911. 
F. W. Chandler, Valley City, term expires March 1, 1910. 
L. L. Eckman, Grand Forks, term expires April 26, 1915. 

STATE BOARD OF HEALTH. 

Andrew Miller, president ex-officio. 

Chas. E. Bennett, Ancta, vice president, term expires first Tues- 
day in April, 1909. 

J. Grassick, superintendent. Grand Forks, term expires first Tues- 
day in April, 1911. 

STATE BOARD OF EMBALMERS. 

E. F. Gilbert, Casselton, term expires July 1, 1909. 
H. C. Flint, Jamestown, term expires July 1, 1908. 
Moses Norman, Grand Forks, term expires April 10. 1913. 



xiv LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



OPTOMETRY BOARD. 

E. P. Sundburg, Fargo, term expires July 1, 1909. 
W. R. Blakely, Grafton, term expires July 1, 1909, 
E. A. Nelson, Maxbass, term expires July 1, 1909. 
J. M. Ness, Wahpeton, term expires July 1, 1909. 
A. O. Wold, Langdon, term expires July 1, 1909. 

WHITESTONE HILLS COMMISSION. 

Theodore Northrup, Monango, term expires July 1, 1909. 

A. F, Eaton, Oakes, term expires July 1, 1909. 

E. R. Kennedy, Ludden, term expires July 1, 1909. 

STATE LIVE STOCK SANITARY BOARD. 

W. L. Richards, Dickinson, term expires first Tuesday in April , 
1911. 

E. J. Walsh, Willow City, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1910. 

Andrew Veitch, Grand Forks, term expires first Tuesday in April. 
1913. 

J. W. Robinson, Coal Harbor, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1909. 

Executive officer, W. T. Crewe, Devils Lake. 

STATE BOARD OF BARBER EXAMINERS. 

A. N. Eckler, Minot, .term expires August 1, 1910. 
Chas. Elsberry, Rolla, term expires August 21, 1911. 
Edward Richardson, Devils Lake, term expires July 1, 1909. 

STATE BOARD OF PARDONS. 

John Burke, Governor, ex-officio. 

D. E. Morgan, Chief Justice, ex-officio. 

Andrew Miller, Attorney General, ex-officio. 

Chas. Wing, Carringrton, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 

W. A. Fulkerson, Devils Lake, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1911. 

P. E. Byrne, Bismarck, ex-officio secretary of the board. 

Regular meeting^ of board second days of June and December of 
•each year. 

DISTRICT GAME WARDENS. 

W. N. Smith, Grafton, district No. 1. 
Olaf Bjorke, Abercrombie, district No. 2. 

DIRECTORS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS. 

All experiment stations under the direction of Agricultural College. 
Superintendents appointed by same. Sub-stations located at Dickinson, 
Williston, Langdon, Edgeley, Hettinger and Harvey. 

STATE LIBRARY COMMISSION. 

Frank J. Thompson, Fargo, President State Library Association ex 
-officio. 

W. L. Stockwell, Superintendent of Public Instruction, ex-officio. 

O. G. Libby, Grand Forks, Secretary State Historical Society, ex- 
officio. President of board. 

Mrs. Clara M. Darrow, Fargo, term exjjires April 1, 1913. 

A. E. Sheets, Lakota, term expires April 1, 1915. 

Mrs. Minnie Darke Budlong, secretary of commission and director 
•of library extension, Bismarck. 

S. Johnson, Bismarck, in charge of legislative reference department. 

Florence McPhee, stenographer, Bismarck. 

Jessie Ramp, clerk, Bismarck. 



STATE 01' NORTH DAKOTA xv 

STATE EXAMINER. 
Oliver Knudson, Michigan City, term expires March 10, 1911. 

STATE INSPECTOR OF OILS. 
Frank A. "Willson, Bathgate, term expires 1st Tuesday in April, 1911. 

STATE IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE DEPARTMENT. 
T. R. Atkinson, Engineer, Bismarck, term expires March 10, 1913. 

OFFICIAL ESTRAY PAPER. 
Griggs County Sentinel, Cooperstown. 

HOTEL INSPECTOR. 

A. M. Anderson, Fargo, term expires first Monday in January, 1911. 

STATE MILITIA. 

John Burke, Governor, Commander-in-Chief ex-officio. 
Amasa P. Peake, Adjutant General, Valley City. 

STATE BANKING BOARD. 

John Burke, Governor. 

Alfred Blaisdell, Secretary of State. 

Andrew Miller, Attorney General. 

Oliver Knudson, State Examiner, secretary ex-officio. 

STATE AUDITING BOARD. 

John Burke« Governor. 

D. K. Brightbill, State Audtior. 

Andrew Miller, Attorney General. 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF PUBLIC PROPERTY. 

John Burke, Governor. 

Alfred Blaisdell, Secretary of State. 

D. K. Brightbill, State Auditor. 

STATE BOARD OF CANVASSERS. 

R. D. Hoskins, Clerk of Supreme Court. 

Alfred Blaisdell, Secretary of State. 

Chairman Republican State Central Committee. 

Chairman Democratic State Central Committee. 

W. L. Stockwell, Superintendent of Public Instruction. 

COMMISSIONERS OF PUBLIC PRINTING. 

Alfred Blaisdell, Secretary of State. 
D. K. Brightbill, State Auditor. 
G. L. Bickford, State Treasurer. 
George Weatherhead, Secretary. 

STATE EMERGENCY COMMISSION. 

John Burke, Governor. 

Alfred b.aisdell. Secretary of State. 

D. K. Brightbill. State Auditor. 



xvi LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



SIATE BOARD OF EQUALIZATION. 

John Burke, Governor. 

D. K. Brightbill, State Auditor. 

G. L. Bickford, State Treasurer. 

Andrew Miller, Attorney General. 

W. C. Gilbreath , Commissioner of AgricultUM and Labor. 

Sessions of board begin on first Tuesday in August each year. 

BOARD OF BAR EXAMINERS. 

Emerson H. Smith Fargo, term expires February 18, 1916. 

P. G. Swenson, Hillsboro, term expires February 18, 1911. 

A. A. Bruce, Grand Forks, term expires February 18, 1918. 

R. D. Hoskins, Clerk Supreme Court, Bismarck, ex-officio sec- 
retary and treasurer. 

Regular examinations held in Grand Forks first Tuesday in June, 
and m Fargo the first Tuesday in December. 

BAR ASSOCIATION OF NORTH DAKOTA. 

F. H. Register, Bismarck, President. 
Lee Combs, Valley City, Vice President. 
W. H. Ihomas, Leeds. Secretary and Treasurer. 

STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

OFFICERS OF SOCIETY. 

Hon. Chas. F. Amidon, Far^o, President. 
M. H. Jewell, Bismarck, Vice President. 
J. L. Cashel, Grafton, Treasurer. 
O. G. Libby, Grand Forks, Secretary. 
H. C. Fish, Curator, Bismarck. 
Terms all expire March 31, 1911. 

DIRECTORS. 

W. F. Ball, Fargo, term expires March 31, 1911. 

Chas. J. I'isk, Bismarck, term expires March 31, 1913. 

John M. Gillette, Grand Forks, term expires March 31, 1911. 

W. B. Overson, Williston, term expires March 31 1918. 

N. G. Larimore, Larimore, term expires March 31, 1911. 

C. B. Little, Bismarck, term expires March 31, 1913. 

H. J. Hagen, Abercrombie, term expires Anarch 31, 1913. 

Dr. J. D. Taylor, Grand Forks, term expires March 31, 1913. 

C. F. Templeton, Grand Forks, term expires March 31, 1911. 

F. A. Wardwell, Pembina, term expires March 31, 1913. 

Wm. H. White J Fargo, term expires March 31 1913. 

Geo. B. Winship, Grand Forks, term expires March 31, 1913. 

Ex-officio Directors — Governor, Auditor, Secretary of State, Super- 
intendent of Public Instruction, Commissioner of Agriculture and 
Labor. 

EDUCATIONAL DIRECTORY. 

Superintendent of Public Instruction — Walter L. Stockwell, deputy, 
Edwin J. Taylor. 

University of North Dakota, Grand Forks; established 1883; opened 
1884; Franklin McVey, president. 

Agricultural College, Fargo; established 1890; opened 1890; John 
H. Worst, president. 

Normal Scnool, Valley City; established 1800; opened 1893; George 
A. McFarland, oresident. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA xvi* 



Normal School, Mayville; established 1890; opened 1898; Thomas A. 
Hillycr , president. 

State Normal and Industrial School, Ellendale; established 1890; 
opened 1899; Wm. N. Kern, president. 

Academy of Science, Wahpcton; established 1890; opened 1903; 
Earl G. Burch, president. 

School for Deaf and Dumb at Devils Lake; establi^ed 1890; opened 
1890; Dwight F. Bangs, president. 

Reform School, Mandan; established 1890; opened 1902; J. W. 
Brown , superintendent. 

School of Forestry, Bottineau; J. E. Kemp, president. 

High School Board — All members ex-officio— John Burke, governor; 
W. L. Stockwell, superintendent of public instruction; Franklin Mc- 
Vcy, president University of North Dakota. 

Board of University and School Lands — ^All members ex-offici<y— 
President, John Burke, governor; vice president, Alfred Blaisdell, 
secretary of state; secretary, W. L. Stockwell, superintendent public 
instruction; D. K. Brightbill, state auditor; Andrew Miller, attorney 
general. 

Land Commissioner — Alexander Macdonald. 

STATE PENAL AND CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS AND 

EXECUTIVE HEADS. 

State Penitentiary, Bismarck — F. O. Hellstrom, Warden. 

State Institution for Feeble Minded, Grafton — ^H. A. LaMoure, 
M. D. , superintendent. 

State Hospital for the Insane, Jamestown-r-L. B. Baldwin, M. D., 
superintendent. 

State Blind Asylum, Bathgate — F. F. Chappele, superintendent, 

TUBERCULOSIS SANITARIUM BOARD. 

John Burke, governor, ex-officio; Dr. G. F. Ruediger; Dr. J. L.. 
Grassick, Dr. Fannie Dunn Quain; C. J. Lord. 
Location of sanitarium not yet announced. 

STALLION REGISTRATION BOARD. 

Professor of animal husbandry of the Agricultural College, ex-officio 
secretary and executive officer; professor of veterinary science of Ag- 
ricultural College; commissioner of agriculture and labor; president 
state live stock sanitary board; president North Dakota live stock- 
association. 

STATE BOARD OF OSTEOPATHIC EXAMINERS. 

• Anna B. Shortridge, Devils Lake, term expires May 6, 1912. 
R. A. Bolton, New Rockford, term expires May 6, 1911. 
Joseph W. Torr, Lidgerwood, term expires May 6, 1910. 

SCHOOL LAW COMPILATION COMMISSION. 

Andrew Miller, attorney general; E. J. Taylor; deputy superintend- 
ent of public instruction; Joseph Kennedy, M. A., Grand Forks; 
Arland D. Weeks, B. A., Fargo; Ryland M. Black, A. B., Wahpeton. 

BOARD OF EXPERTS, INDETERMINATE SENTENCE TO 

PENITENTIARY ACT. 

Warden, phvsician and chaplain of penitentiary and one person 
to be appointed by penitentiary trustees. 

FARMERS' INSTITUTE BOARD OF DIRECTORS. 

J. H. Shepperd, Fargo; G. H. Hollister. Fargo; J. H. Worst, Fargo; 
W. C. Gilbreath, Bismarck. 



xviii LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



NORTH DAKOTA CONSERVATION COMMISSION. 

John Burke, Governor, Bismarck. 

A. G. Leonard, Ph. D., State Geologist, Grand Forks. 

T. R. Atkinson, State Engineer, Bismarck. 

Martha P. Totem, Williston. 

C. B. Waldron. B. S., Fargo. 

REPRESENTATIVES ON MINNESOTA GRAIN BOARD OF 
APPEALS, MINNEAPOLIS AND DULUTH. 

John T. CliflFord, Mohall. 
H. O. Brown, Brinsmade. 

GAME AND FISH BOARD OF CONTROL. 

J. B. Eaton, president, Far^o; term expires April 1, 1913. 

D. J. Armstrong, secretary. Willow Cityj term expires April 1, 1911. 
Herman Winterer, Valley City; term expires April 1, 1918. 
Thomas Griffiths, Grand Forks, , term expires April 1, 1911. 

J. L. Killion, Towner, term expires April 1, 1911. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA xiJC 



PARTY OBGANIZATION. 



Republican. 

National Committeeman— JAMES KENNEDY, Fargo. 

REPUBLICAN STATE CENTRAL COMMITTEE. 

JAMES JOHNSON. Chairman, Minot. 
ERNEST G. WANNER, Secretary, Valley City. 
JAMES A. BUCHANAN, Treasurer. Buchanan. 
THOMAS HALL, Executive Secretary, Bismarck. 

MEMBERS. 

1. August Short; Pembina. 

2. . D. J. Laxdal, Cavalier. 

3. O. £. LofthuSj Adams. 

4. Gunder Olson^ Grafton. 

5. A. L. Bennett « Inkster. 

6. J. D. Bacon, Grand Forks. 

7. H. Bendeke« Grand Forks. 

8. K. S. Groth, Mayvillc. 

9. H. R. Turner, Fargo. 

10. J. F. Callahan, Casselton. 

11. W. J Morrish, Page 

12. E. H. Myhra, Wahpeton. 

13. H. A. Soule« Cogswell. 

14. E. A. Lucas« Lisoon. 

15. E. G. Wanner, Valley City. 

16. Geo. A. Warner, Hope. 

17. C. N. Frich. Lakota. 

18. W. F. Hannum, Clyde. 

19. A. O. Grahamj Rolla. 

20. Thco. KofiFcl, Esmond. 

21. M. M. Van Osdel, Edmorc. 

22. W. J. Evans, Cando. 

23. James A. Buchanan, Buchanan. 

24. Nels Larsen, Kulm. 

25. Alex. Wright, Oakes. 

26. L. C. Pettibone, Dawson. 

27. A. Van Horn, Bismarck. 

28. G. W. McFarlane, Omemee. 

29. Joseph Roach, Minot. 

30. P. B. Wickham, vjlen Ullin. 

31. L. A. Simpson, Dickinson. 

32. E. A. Roach, Bordulac. 

33. John O. Hanchett, Harvey. 

34. Frank J. Roble, Deering. 

35. W. L. Nuessle, Washburn. 

36. C. L. Merrick, Napoleon. 

37. R. H. Hankinson, Hankinson. 
88. A. P. Hanson, Litchville. 

39. Adam Sailer, Mannhaven. 

40. Ellen Ellenson, Osnabrock. 

41. A. J. Stafnc, WilHston. 

42. L. A. Larsen, Rugby. 
48. P. Connole, Mohall. 

44. J. P. Smerud, White Earth. 

45. Ador A. Jcvnasrer, Towner. 

46. R. D. Ward, Roney. 

47. E. A. Borsheim, Westhope 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE— James Johnson, chairman, Minot;/' 
Ernest G. Wanner, Valley City, secretary; K. S. Kroth, Mayville; 
A. J. Stafne, Wiliston; E. H. Mvhra, Wahpeton; W. C. Taylor, 
LaMoure; A. Van Horn, Bismarck; P. B. Wickham, Glen ullin; 
E. A- Borsheim, Westhope; Gunder Olson, Grafton; C. N. Frich* 
Lakota; Theo. Koffel, Esmond: James A. Buchanan, Buchanan. 



3^X LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Democratic State Committee. 

National Committeeman— WM. COLLINS. 

DEMOCRATIC STATE CENTRAL COMMITTEE. 

T. L. CASHEL, Chairman. 
GEO. W. POAGUE, Secretary. 
SAMUEL TORGERSON, Treasurer. 

MEMBERS. 

1. F. A. Wilson, Bathgate. 

2. Alex. Stensby, Hamilton. 

3. Frank Prochaska, Park River. 

4. J. L. Cashel, Grafton. 

5. B. R. Matteson, Inkster. 

6. John Vallely, Grand Forks. 
7.' Geo. Bangs, Grand Forks. 

8. F. C. Kelly, Mayville. 

9. M. A. Efildreth, Fargo. 

10. William Strehlow, Casselton. 

11. C. W. Dickinson, Page. 

12. M. N. Earlv Wahpeton. 

13. Jens Pederson, Milnor. 

14. Chas. S. Ego, Lisbon. 

15. Dr. L. S. Platou, Valley City. 

16. Oscar Greenland, Bin ford. 

17. J. P. Lamb, Michigan City. 

18. Archie Sillers, Calvin. 

19. J. H. Murphy, Rolette. 

20. E. B. Page, Leeds. 

21. W. A. Fulkerson. Churchs Ferry. 

22. T. W. Conyers, Cando. 

23. P. D. Walch, Courtenay. 

24. A. L. Rainey, Jud. 

25. H. H. Perry, Ellendale. 

26. P. G. Rooks, Linton. 

27. Frank Reed, i5ismarck. 

28. Dave Armstrong, Willow City. 

29. D. C. ureenleaf, Minot. 

30. S. L. Nuchols, Mandan. 

31. R. A. Lillibridge, Dickinson. 

32. W. O. Lowden, McHenry. 

33. Ole Hovcy, Fessenden. 

34. D. J. O'Lonnell, Towner. 

35. Axel Johnson, Washburn. 

36. H. N. Bjornson, Ashley. 

37. W. I. Irvine, Lidgerwood. 

38. Chas. W. Pollock, Fingal. 

39. C. F Smith, Sanger 

40. Gustave Brecke, Milton. 

41. Herman ^.clson, Ray. 

42. Fred L. Ely. 

43. R. B. Cox, Bowbells. 

44. F. C. Alger, Stanley. 

45. P. D. Connelly. Balfour. 

46. F. L. Mackey, Garrison. 

47. A. N. Bauman, Westhope. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE— J. L. Cashel, Chairman; John Val- 
lely. F. A. Willson, M. A. Hildreth, J. P. Lamb, M. N. Early, E. A. 
Lillibridge, D. C. Greenleaf , T. W. Conyers, T. C. Kelly, L. S. 
Platou. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA xxi 



Republican National Committee. 

FRANK H. HITCHCOCK, of Massachusetts, chairman, Union Trust 

Building, Washington, D. C. 
WILLIAM HAYWARD, of Nebraska, secretary, First National 

Bank Building, Chicago, Illinois. 
GEORGE R. SHLi-DON, of New York, treasurer, 2 Wall street, 

New York City. 
VICTOR L. MASON, of New Jersey, assistant secretary, 11 Pine 

street, New York Cit^ and Passaic, New Jersey. 
FRED W. UPHAM, of Illinois, assistant treasurer, 1700-125 Monroe 

street, Chicago, Illinois. 
WILLIAM F. STONE, of Maryland, sergeant-at-arms, Baltimore, 

Maryland. 

MEMBERS. 

Alabama — P. D. Barker, Mobile. 

Alaska — Lewis P. Shackleford, Juneau. 

Arizona — ^W. S. Sturges, Arivaca. 

Arkansas — Powell Clayton, Eureka Springs and Washington, 
D. C. 

California — George A. Knight, San Francisco. 

Colorado— Charles Cavender, Leadville. 

Connecticut-Charles F. Brooker, Ansonia and 99 John street. 
New York City. 

Delaware — T. Coleman du Pont, Wilmington. 

District of Columbia — Sidney Bieber, Washington. 

Florida — ^J. N. Coombs, Apalachicola. 

Georgia — Henry Blun, Jr., Savanah. 

Hawaii — ^A. G. M. Robertson, Honolulu. 

Idaho— William E. Borah, Boise and U. S. Senate, Washing- 
ton , D. C. 

Illinois — Frank O. Lowden, Oregon and House of Representa- 
tives, Washington, D. C. 

Indiana — Harry S. New, Indianapolis. 

Iowa— Ernest T. Hart, Council Bluffs. 

Kansas — David W. Mulvane, Topeka. 

Kentucky — A. R. Burnam, Richmond. 

Louisiana — Pearl Wight, New Orleans. 

Maine — ^John F. Hill, Augusta. 

Maryland — William P. Jackson, Salisbury. 

Massachusetts — W. Murray Crane, Dalton and U. S. Senate, 
Washington, D. C. 

Michigan — ^John W. Blodgett, Grand Rapids. 

Minnesota — Frank B. Kellogg, St. Paul. 

Mississippi — L. B. Moseley, Jackson. 

Missouri — Charles Nagel, St. Louis. 

Montana — Thomas C. Marshall, Missoula.- 

Nebraska — Victor Rosewater, Omaha. 

Nevada — Patrick L. Flanigan, Reno. 

New Hampshire — Fred W. Estabrook, Nashua and 57 Lincoln 
street, Boston, Massachusetts. 

New jersey — Franklin Murphy, Newark. 

New Mexico— Solomon Luna, Los Lunas. 

New York — ^William L. Ward, Port Chester. 

North Carolina — Edward C. Duncan, Raleigh. 

North Dakota — ^James Kennedy, Fargo. 

Ohio— Arthur I. Vorys, Lancaster and Columbus. 

Oklahoma — Cash M. Cade, Shawnee. 

Oregon— Ralph E. Williams, Dallas. 

Pennsylvania— Boies Penrose, Philadelphia and U. S. Senate, 
Washington, D. C. 

Porto Rico — Roberto H. Todd, San Juan. 



xxii LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Philippine Islands — Henry B. McCoy. Manila. 

Rhode Island — Charles R. Brayton, Providence. 

South Carolina — ^John G. Capers, Greenville and Treasury De- 
partment, Washington, D. C. 

South Dakota — Ihomas Thorson, Canton. 

Tennessee — Nathan W. Hale, Knoxville. 

Texas — Cecil A. Lyon, Sherman. 

Utah — C. E. Loose, Provo. 

Vermont — ^James W. Brock, Montpelier. 

Virginia — Alvah j.x. Martin, Portsmouth. 

Washington — Robert L. McCormick, Tacoma. 

West Virginia— Nathan B. Scott, Wheeling and U. S. Senate, 
Washmgton, D. C. 

Wisconsin — ^Alfred T. Rogers, Madison. 

Wyoming — George E. Pexton, Evanston. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA xxiii 



Democratic National Committee, 190d-1912. 

NORMAN E. MACK. Chairman, Buffalo. N. Y. 
P. L. HALE, Vice Cnairman, Lincoln, Neb. 
UREY WOODSON, Secretary, Owensboro, Ky. 
HERMAN RIDDER, Treasurer, New York City. 
JOHN L MARTIN, Sergeant-at-Arms, St. Louis, Mo. 

MEMBERS. 

Alabama — ^John W. Tomlinson, Birmingham. 

Arkansas — Guy B. Tucker, Little Rock. 

California — Nathan Cole, Jr., Los Angeles. 

Colorado — Alva Adams, Pueblo. 

Connecticutt — Homer S. Cumminp^s, Stamford. 

Delaware — Willard Saulsbury, Wilmington. 

Florida — T. Albert Jennings, Pensacola. 

Georgia — Clark Howell, Atlanta. 

Idaho — Simon P. Donnelly, i^ke View (Tel. and express, Hope) 

Illinois — Roger C. Sullivan, Chicago. 

Indiana — Thomas Ta^^gart, French Lick. 

Iowa — Martin J. Wade, Iowa City. 

Kansas — ^John H. Atwood, Leavenworth. 

Kentucky — Urey Woodson, Owensboro. 

Louisiana — RobJert Ewing, New Orleans. 

Maine — E. L. Jones, Watertown. 

Maryland — ^J. Fred C. Talbottj Lutherville. 

Massachusetts — John W. Coughlin, Fall River. 

Michigran — Edwin O. Wood, Flint. 

Minnesota — F. B. Lynch^ St. Paul. 

Mississippi — C. H. Williams, Yazoo City. 

Missouri — W. A. Rothwell, Moberley. 

Montana — ^J. Bruce Kramer, Butte. 

Nevada — ^John Sunderland, Reno. 

New Hampshire — Eugene E. Reed, Manchester. 

New Jersey — Robert S. Hudspeth, Jersey City. 

New York — Norman E. Mack, Buffalo. 

North Carloina — ^Joseph Daniels, Raleigh. 

North Dakota — William Collins, Bottineau. 

Ohio— Harvey C. Garber, Columbus. 

Oklahoma— W. T. Brady, Tulsa. 

Oregon — M. A. Miller^ Lebanan. 

Pennsylvania — ^James Kerr, Qearfield; also 17 Battery PL, 

New York, N. Y. 
Rhode Island— George W. Greene, Woonsocket. 
South Carolina — B. R. Tillman, Trenton. 
South Dakota — E. S. Johnson, Armour. 
Tennessee — R. E. Lee Mountcastle, Knoxville. 
Texas — R. M. Johnson, Houston. 
Utah — Frank K. Nebeker, Logan City. 
Vermont — ^Thomas H. Brown, Rutland. 
Virginia — ^J. Taylor Ellyson, Richmond. 
Washington— W. H. Dunphy, Walla Walla. 
West Virginia — ^John T. McGraw, Grafton. 
Wisconsin — Timothjr E. Ryan, Waukesha. 
Wyoming — ^John E. Osborne, Rawlins. 
Alaska — ^A. J. Daly, Juneau. 
Arizona — ^A. J. Michelson, Phoenix. 
District of Columbia — Edwin A. Newman, Washington. 
Hawaii — Gilbert J. Waller, Honolulu. 
New Mexico— A. Jones, I-as Vegas. 
Porto Rico— D. M. Field, Guayama. 



xxiv LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Prohibition, 1909-1910. 

National Executive Committee — Charles R. Jones, No. 92 La Salle 
St., Chicago, 111., chairman; A. G. Wolfenbarger, Lincoln, Neb., vice 
chairman; W. G. Calderwood, Sykes Block, Minneapolis, Minn., sec- 
retary; Felix T. McWhirter, Indianapolis, Ind., treasurer. 

MEMBERS. 

Arkansas — H. Brady, Beebe; Henry Hatton, Beebe. 

California — T. K. Beard, Modesto; Wilev J. Phillips, Temple Block, 
Los Angeles. 

Colorado— A. B. Taynton, Denver; John W. Carpenter, Greeley. 

Conecticut — Frederick G. Piatt, New Britain; William Nicholson 
Taft, W. Goshen. 

Delaware — George W. Todd, Wilmington; Lewis W. Brosius, Wil- 
mington. 

Florida — ^John P. Coffin, Eustis; Francis Trueblood, Bradentown. 

Georgia-— George Gordon, Atlanta; W. H. Witham, Atlanta. 

Illinois — Oliver W. Stewart, Chicago; A. E. Wilson, Chicago. 

Indiana — Felix T. McWhirter, Indianapolis; Charles Eckhart, Auburn. 

Iowa— O. D. Ellett, Marshalltown ; K. W. Brown, Ames. 

JECansas — Earle R. De Lay, Emooria; J. N. Wood, Ottawa. 

Kentucky — Mrs. Frances E. Beauchsunp, Louisville; T. B. Demaree, 
Wilmore. 

Louisiana — E. E. Israel, Baton Rouge. 

Maine — Nathan F. Woodbury, Auburn; Lyman B. Merritt, Houlton. 

Maryland — F. C. Heaidrickson , Cumberland; Gieorge R. Gorsuch, Balti- 
more. 

Massachusetts — John M. Fisher, Attleboro; J. B. Lewis, Boston. 

Michigan — Samuel Dickie, Albion; Fred W. Corbett, Adrian. 

Minnesota — W. G. Calderwood, Minneapolis; George W. Higgins, 
Minneapolis. 

Missouri — H. P. Faris, Clinton; Charles E. Stokes, Kansas City. 

Montana — Mrs. Kate M. Hamilton, Butte. 

Nebraska — ^A. G. Wolfenbarger, Lincoln; D. B. Gilbert, Fremont. 

New Hampshire — A. H. Morrill, Laconia; John S. Blanchard, Concord. 

New Jersey — George J. Haven, Camden; Joel C. Van Cise, Summit. 

New York — Clarence E. Pitts, Oswego; George E. Stockwell, Fort 
Plain. 

North Carolina — ^J. M. Templeton, Cary; Thomas P. Johnston, Salis- 
bury. 

North Dacota — ^Theodore E. Ostlund, Hillsboro; M. H. Kiff, Tower 
City. 

Ohio— F. M. McCartney, Columbus; J. B. Martin, Cincinnati. 

Oklahoma — Charles Brown, Carmen; Rev. J. M. Monroe, Oklahoma 
City. 

Oregon — F. McKercher, Portland; W. P. Elmore, Brownsville. 

Pennsylvania — A. A. Stevens, Tyrone; David B. McCalmont, Franklin. 

Rhode Island — C. H. Tilley, Providence; Bemon E. Helme, Kingston. 

South Dakota — W. T. RaflFerty, Miller; Quincy Lee Morrow, Brookings. 

Tennessee — A. D. Reynolds, Bristol; J. B. Stinespring, Sandford. 

Texas — J. B. Cranfill, Dallas; Walter C. Swengel, Dallas. 

Utah— Robert J. Shields, Salt Lake City; Miss Edith Wade, Salt 
Lake City. 

Vermont — H. S. Eldred, Sheldon; Dr. Hansen, Montpelier. 

Virginia — G. M. Smithdeal, Richmond; James W. Bodley, Staunton. 

Washington — Guy Possom, Seattle; R. E. Dunlap, Seattle. 

West Virgfinia— Edward W. Mills, Fairmont; U. A. Qajrton, Fair* 
mont. 

Wisconsin — ^W. D. Cox, Milwaukee j B. E. Van Kcuren, Oshkosh. 

Wyoming — L. L. Laughlin, Laramie; C. J. Sawyer, Laramie. 

Arizona — Frank J. Sibley, Tucson; John Wix Thomas, Phoenix. 



STATE OF I^ORTH DAKOTA xxv 



Population, 1909-1910. 

Officers of the National Committee — Chairman, James H. Fcrriss, 
Joliet, 111.; vice-chairman. Jay W. Forrest, Albany, N. Y.; secre- 
tary, Paul E. Dixon, Chillicothe, Mo.; treasurer. Jay W. Forrest, 
Albany, N. Y. 

Executive Committee — James H. Ferriss, chairman; Jay W. Forrest, 
ex-officio; Paul E. Dixon, ex-officio; Jas. W. Baird, Paris, Tex.; 
Milton Park, Pallas, Tex.; W. S. Morgan, Hardy, Ark.; Frank Richey, 
Oriel Building, St. Louis, Mo.; W. P. Brush, Fredonia, Penn.; A. J. 
Jones, Parlier, Cal.; Wm. Phillips, Marietta, Ga.; j. A. Parker, 
Parma, Mo.; George A. Honnecher, Jersey City, N. J.; Eltweed 
Pomeroy, Wyoming, N. J.; Horace A. Keifer, Wallula, Kan.; John 
S. Allen, Norman, Okla. 

The Socialistic Labor Party. 

National Secretary, Paul Augustine, 28 Citv Hall Place, New York, 
City 

MEMBERS. 
California — Olive M. Tohnson. 
Colorado — ^J. U. Billings. 
Connecticut — Josepji Marek. 
Illinois — Carl Koechlin. 
Indiana — ^Joseph Matz. 
Kentucky — James H. Arnold. 
Massachusetts — Arthur E. Reimer. 
Michigan — Herman Richter. 
Minnesota — G. H. Campbell. 
Missouri — Alexander Kaucher. 
New Jersey — R. Katz. 
New York — Boris Reinstein. 
Ohio — John Kircher. 
Pennsylvania — W. H. Thomas. 
Texas — A. S. Dowler. 
Virginia — Edward Schade. 
Wisconsin — Albert Schnabel. 
Washington — F. J. Meyer. 

Socialist. 

National secretary, J. Mahlon Barnes, No. 180 Washingfton Street, 
Chicago, 111. 

National Executive Committee — Victor L. Berger, Milwaukee, Wis.; 
A. M. Simons, 180 Washington St., Chicago; John M. Work, Des 
Moines, Iowa; Morris Hilquit, 320 Broadway, New York City; 
A. H. Floaten, Denver; Carl D. Thompson, Milwaukee, and J. G. 
Phelps Stokes, Stamford, Conn. 

MEMBERS. 

Alabama — W. S. Baldwin, Fairhope. 

Arizona — ^Jas. N. Morrison, Benson. 

Arkansas— E. W. Perrin, 311 Scott St., Little Rock. 

California — Wm. McDevitt, 139 Albion Ave., San Francisco; N. A. 

Richardson, San Bernardino; Josephene Cole, 74 So. 5th St., 

San Jose. 
Colorado— Thos. L. Buie. 228 W. 14th Av., Denver. 
Connecticut — Jasper McLevy, 1313 N. Av., Bridgeport. 
Florida — A. J. Pettigrew, Manatee. 
Idaho — E. L. Rigg, Rupert. 
Illinois — B. Berlyn, 662 E. 63rd St., Chicago; May Wood. Simons, 

180 Washington St., Chicago; Seymour Stedman, 92 LaSalle St., 

Chicago; John Collins, 579 W. Huron St., Chicago. 



xxvi LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Indiana— S. M. Reynolds, 809 J4 Ohio St., Terre Haute. 

Iowa — ^John M. Work, 1311 Harrison St., Des Moines; John E* 
Shank, 320 E. 8th St., Waterloo. 

Kansas — Geo. F. Hibner, Girard; A. S. McAllister, Herrington. 

Kentucky — Chas. Dobbs, Louisville, care The Insurance Field. 

Louisiana — F. C. Triay, Lafayette. 

Maine — Robert V. Hunter, Freeport. 

Massachusetts — Chas. H. Hitchcock, Ware; Jas. F. Carey, 699 Wash- 
ington, St., Boston. 

Maryland — Ira Gulp, Pekin. 

Michigan — Vernon F. King, Holland; A. M. Stirton, Hancock. . 

Minnesota — ^J. G. Maattala, Virginia; Guv Williams, 813 3rd Av., 
Minneapolis. 

Missouri — L. G. Pope, 714 Roe Bldg., St. Louis; E. T. Behrens, 110- 
E. 3rd bt.« Sedalia. 

Montana— Jesse Siblev 312 5th St., Great Falls. 

New Hampshire — ^Jas. S. Murray, Concord. 

New 'Jersey — Henry R. Kearns, Elm St., Arlington; William Walker,. 
655 S. Park St., Elizabeth. 

New Mexico— Lee Wright, East Los, Vegas. 

New York — ^Joseph Wanhope, 200 Williams St., New York; Sol. 
Fieldman, 15 Sylvian Pi., New York; Algernon Lee, 1186 Madi- 
son Ave., New York; John Spargo, 355 Walnut St., Yonkers. 

North Dakota — J. S. JLampman, Fargo. 

Ohio — Tom Clifford, 3517 Fulton Road, Cleveland; F. N. Prevey, 161^ 
S. Main St., Akron; Howard H. Caldwell, Box 62, Dayton. 

Oklahoma — ^J. Hagel, 2 Keno St., Oklahoma City; C. C. Ross, Oak- 
land. 

Oregon— C. W. Barzec, 154 E. 18th St., Portland. 

Pennsylvania — Fred L. Schwartz, 860 Concord St., Allegheny; Ed. 
Moore, 3462 N. Water St., Philadelphia; Jas. H. Maurier, 161$ 
N. 10th St., Reading. 

Rhode Island — ^Austin Boudreau, 95 Meadow St., Pdwtucket. 

South Dakota — Freeman Knowles, Deadwood. 

Texas — E. R. Meitzen, Hallettsville; E. O. Meitzen, Hallettsville. 

Tennessee — J. E. Voss, Jackson. 

Utah — Grant Svphers, 2179 Grand Ave., Ogden. 

Vermont — ^J. H. Dunbar, North Hartland. 

Washington — Arthur Jensen, Box 52, Seattle; Elmer Herman, Box 
52 Seattle. 

West Virginia— G. W. Gillespie, 1836 6th Av., Huntington. 

Wisconsin — Victor L. Berger, 344 6th St., Milwaukee; Carl D. Thomp- 
son, 344 6th St., Milwaukee; Frederic Heath, 344 6th St., Mil- 
waukee. 

Wyoming — Claud Johnson, Robertson. 

independence. 

State Committee — F. B. Lathrop, chairman, Fargo; B. F. Leddy, 
secretary, Fargo. 

Members — Chas. Pierson, Casselton; A. C. Reinecke, Fargo. 

Officers of the National Committee— Chairman , William R. 
Hearst, New York; vice chairmen, C. F. S. Neal, Indiana, and M. W. 
Howard, Alabama; secretary, Cnarles A. Walsh, Ottumwa, Iowa; 
headquarters of committee. No. 188 Madison St., Chicago, 111. 

MEMBERS. 

Alabama — ^James B. Drake and C. P. Agricola, Birmingham; M. W. 

Howard, Fort Payne. 
Arkansas — R. D. Plunkitt, Little Rock; J. D. Robertson, Mountain 

Home. 



California — Hugh J. Mclsaac, San Francisco; Gesner Williams, Los 

Angeles; J. D. McCaughney, Stockton. 
Colorado— Lawrence T. Gray, Colorado Springs. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA xxvii 



Connecticut — A. C. E. Hamilton, Greenwich. 

Florida — R. L. Harper, Jacksonville; Louis P. Head, Pensacola. 

Georgia — Edward E. Clap^, Atlanta; Percy Middlebrooks, Madison. 

Idaho — ^J. E. Roberts, Boise City, 

Illinois — Howard S. Taylor and Theodore Nelson, Chicago; John 
Baker, Pontiac. 

Indiana — Charles F. S. Neal, Lebanan. 

Iowa — L. F. Broberg, Cedar Rapids; W. A. Needham, Des Moines; 
J. A. Lowenburg, Ottumwa. 

Kansas — EUlwin S. tvaterbury, Emporia; E. C. Fowler, Topeka. 

Kentuclrjr — J. E. Merrick, Louisville; W. P. Marsh, Louisville; Joseph 
Desberger, Paducah. 

Louisiana-— Joseph G. Schwartz and Louis L. Hoffman, New Orleans* 

Maine— C. Lester Ames, Bridgton; George L. Crockett, Thomaston; 
A. Baker, Bingham. 

Maryland — Charles A. Briscoe, Baltimore; Edward H. Trainor, Balti- 
more; Joseph Sir, Baltimore. 

Massachusetts — ^William N. Osgood, Lowell; Grenville S. McFarland^ 
Cambridge. 

Michigan — Dr. A. W. Nichols, Greenville; R. L. Reeves, Detroit; C. 
Q. De France, Kalamazoo. 

Minnesota — ^J. T« P. Power, A. J. Williams and R. B. Higbee, St» 
Paul. 

Mississippi — ^Walter Hollis and B. W. Wade, Jackson. 

Missouri— The Rev. John T. Tuohy, St. Louis; William S. Bar- 
nickel, St. Louis; , Kansas City. 

Montana — ^J. J. Dallas, Butte; Andrew Wormser, Wormser City. 

Nevada — Edgar W. Stone Goldfield; A. R. Needless, Tonopah; Gen- 
eral J. C. Hagerman, Carson City. 

New Hampshire — A. N. Browne, Plymouth; William M. Kendall and 
Dennis E. 0*Leary, Manchester. 

New Jersey — ^Joseph K. Buchanan, Newark; John A. Smith, Haddon 
Heights; Samuel Warbasse, Warbasse. 

New York — ^William Randolph Hearst, New York; Reuben Robie 
Lyon, Bath; C. H. W. Auel. Buffalo. 

North Carolina — ^A. C. Shuford, Newton. 

North Dakota — B. F. Lathrop, Fargo. 

Ohio — ^John Mulholland, Toledo; Andrew F. Otte and James E. 
Jackson , Cincinnati. 

Oklahoma — H. W. Diffenderffer, Caddo; J. Luther Langston, Okla- 
homa City; William C. Hatcher, Bokchito. 

Oregon — T. J. Byrnes and M. J. Malley, Portland; George E. Shaver, 
Cleone. 

Pennsylvania — Samuel F. Wheeler and William J. Boyle, Phila- 
delphia. 

Rhode Island — ^James H. O'Ncil, and Percy J. Cantwell, Providence; 
James J. Dunn, . East Providence. 

South Carolina— C. S. Link, Fort Mill. 

South Dakota— H. W. Smith, Sioux Falls; E. F. English, Yank- 
ton. 

Tennessee — Thomas J. Wright, Nashville; Duncan Sinclair, Nash- 
ville: T. J. Dougherty, Nashville. 

Texas — ^Taylor McRae, Fort Worth; George S. Vivian, Dallas; Bud 
Terry, Hillsboro. 

Utah — Frank J. Tiemey, Bingham Canon; Abner Thompson, Salt 
Lake City. 

Vermont— John D. Spellman, Rutland. 

Virginia — ^William Elmore Scale and Rufus S. Freeman, Richmond; 

Barnes M. O'Connor, Norfolk. 
ing[ton — Homer O. Campbell, Seattle. 
Wisconsin — S. D. Kump, Madison; L. T. Walsh, Kenosha; J. F. Gary, 

Milwaukee. 
Arizona — ^J. J. Healy and F. A. Jones, Phoenix. 

District ot Columbia — ^Victor J. Evans, John Garner and A. L» Evans, 
Washington. 



XXVlll 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



RATIFICATION OF THE CONSTITUTION. 



Dates of the ratification of the Constitution of the United States 
of America, the dates of admission of new states, the apportionment 
of representatives, and the number of electoral votes of each. 




1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

b 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 



14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
26 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
41 
42 



Original States. 

Delaware .^ 

Pennsylvania 

New Jersey 

Georgia ^ 

Connecticut 

ivXassachusetts 

Maryland 

South Carolina 

New Hampshire 

Virginia 

New York 

North Carolina 

Rhode Island 

New States. 

Vermont 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Ohio 

Louisiana 

Indiana 

Mississippi 

Illinois 

Alabama 

Maine 

Missouri 

Michigan 

Florida 

Texas 

Iowa 

Wisconsin 

v^alifornia 

Minnesota 

Oreeon 

Kansas 

West Virginia 

Nevada 

Nebraska 

Colorado 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Montana 

Washington 



December 7, 1787.. 
December 12, 1787. 
December 18, 1787. 
January 2, 1788 .. 
January 9, 1788 .. 
February 6, 1788 . 

April 23, 1788 

May 28, 1788 

Tune 21, 1788 
Tune 26, 1788 
July 26, 1788 
November 21 , 
May 29, 1790 



• • • • 



1789 



March 4, 1791 

June 1, 1792 

Tune 1, 1796 

November 29 , 1802 

April 8, 1812 

December 11, 1816 
December 10, 1817 
December 3 , 1818 . . 
December 14, 1819. 
March 15, 1820 ... 
August 10, 1821 .. 

June 16, 1836 

January 26, 1837.. 
March 3, 1845 ... 
December 29, 1845. 
December 28, 1846. 

Iviay 29 , 1848 

September 9, 1850. 

i^ay 11, 1868 

February 14, 1859. 
Tanuarv 29, 1861.. 

tune 20, 1863 

October 31, 1864... 
March 1, 1867 ... 
August 1 , 1876 .... 
November 2, 1889.. 
November 2, 1889.. 
November 8, 1889... 
November 11, 1889. 



1 

32 

10 

11 

5 

14 

6 

7 

2 

10 

37 

10 

2 



2 

11 

10 

21 

7 

13 

8 

25 

9 

4 

16 

7 

12 

3 

16 

11 

11 

8 

9 

2 

8 

6 

1 

6 

3 

2 

2 

1 

8 



3 

34 

12 

13 

7 

16 

8 

9 

4 

12 

39 

12 

4 



4 

13 

12 

23 

9 

15 

10 

27 

11 

6 

18 

9 

14 

6 

18 

13 

18 

10 

11 

4 

10 

7 

8 

8 

5 

4 

4 

8 

5 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



XXIX * 



Ratification of the Constitution — Continued. 



No. 



State 



Date 





c 




,^ 




%, 


» 


(0 




ffi 


«0 


ki 




1) 


V 


o 2 




o 


> 

'■M 






V 


C8 


5> 




Q< 


•*-• 














1 


3^ 






1 


3 


\d6 .. 




1 


3 


1907. 




6 


T 



43 
44 
45 
46 



Idaho . . . 
Wyoming 
Utah . . . 
Oklahoma 

Total 



July 3, 1890 
July 10, 1890 
January 4, IS 
iNovember 16, 



391 



483 



•See Act of Congress making an apportionment of representatives 
in congress among the several states under the twelfth census, approved^ 
January 16. 1901. 



XXX 



•LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



THE VOTE ON THE ADOPTION OF THE CONSTITU- 
TION AND PROH BITION. 

(First State Election October 1, 1889.) 



Counties 



Constitution 



o 



(A 
C 

< 



Prohibition 



o 



xn 

C 

< 



Barnes .... 

Benson . 

Billings . . . . 
Bottineau . . 
Burleigh . . . 

Cass 

Cavalier . . . 
Dickey .... 

Eddy 

Emmons . . . 

Foster 

<jrand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure . . 

Logan 

McHenrv . . 
Mclntosn . . 
McLean . . . 
Mercer .... 
Morton . . . . 
Nelson .... 

Oliver 

Pembina . . . 

Pierce 

Ramsey . . . . 
Ransom . . . . 
Richland . . 

Rolette 

Sargent . . . . 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman . . 
Towner . . . . 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 



Total . . 
Majority 



1,673 

523 

67 

450 

1,083 

4,049 
684 

1,471 
381 
462 
333 
687 
351 
340 
818 
90 
257 
394 
264 
84 
924 
127 
47 

1,762 
221 
810 

1,110 

1,409 
435 
973 
610 
241 

1,334 
284 

1,411 
606 
850 
836 



27,441 
19,334 



8 

45 

1 

116 

2 

31 

269 

26 

13 

2 

4 

1,930 

150 

3 

11 



1 

21 
660 

30 

830 

1 

231 

23 
251 

10 
177 

"sei 

47 

93 

462 

2,248 

48 



861 


745 


292 


212 


4 


53 


366 


228 


269 


799 


1,739 


2,156 


634 


439 


966 


537 


212 


158 


106 


347 


148 


186 


1,534 


1,432 


345 


180 


186 


151 


414 


395 


26 


61 


163 


• 101 


166 


199 


69 


170 


22 


63 


368 


644 


540 


276 


29 


40 


1,483 


1,137 


124 


70 


591 


416 


670 


557 


1,011 


885 


112 


304 


620 


577 


171 


394 


444 


172 


509 


809 


148 


216 


1,117 


824 


1,760 


1,132 


220 


138 


124 


190 






8,107 



18,662 
1,169 



17,893 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA xxxi 



NEW APPORTIONMENT ACT. 

By act of the legislature, chapter 6, laws of 1907, two additional 
legislative districts were created, making 49 districts instead of 
47 as heretofore. The membership of the legislature under the new 
law is 49 senators and 103 representatives. The changes in the 
districts from those appearing on pages 280 to 290 inclusive are as 
follows : 

First district — ^Unchanged. 

Second district — Unchanged. 

Third district — Unchanged. 

Fourth district — Unchanged. 

Fifth district — Unchanged. 

Sixth district — Unchanged. 

Seventh district — Unchanged. 

Eighth district — Unchanged. 

Ninth district — Unchanged. 

Tenth district — ^Unchaneed. 

Eleventh district — Unchanged. 

Twelfth district — Unchanged. 

Thirteenth district — Unchanged. 

Fourteenth district — Unchanged. 

Fifteenth district — Unchanged. 

Sixteenth district — ^Unchanged. 

Seventeenth district — Unchanged. 

Eighteenth district — Unchanged. 

Nineteenth district — Unchanged. 

Twentieth district — Unchanged. 

Twenty-first district — Unchanged. 

Twenty-second district — Unchanged. 

Twentynthird district — Unchanged. 

Twenty-fourth district — Unchanged. 

Twenty-fifth district — Unchanged.) 

Twenty-sixth district — Unchanged. 

Twenty-seventh district — Unchanged. 

Twenty-eighth district — ^Unchanged. 

Twenty-ninth district — Shall consist of the city of Minot, and town- 
ships 151, 152, 153, 154. 155, 156, 157 and 158, north of ranges 
SI, 82, 83, 84. 85, 86 and 87, west of the fifth principal meridian, 
and be entitled to one senator and four representatives. 

Thirtieth district — Unchanged. 

Thirty-first district — Unchanged. 

Thirty-second district — Unchanged. 

Thirty-third district — Unchanged. 

Thirty-fourth district — Unchanged. 

Thirty-fifth district — Shall consist of the county of Sheridan and 
be entitled to one senator and one representative. 

Thirty-sixth district — Unchanged. 

Thirty-seventh district — Unchanged. 

Thirty-eighth district — Unchanged. *^ 

Thirty-ninth district — Shall consist of the counties of Billinfi[s -and 
Bowman and be entitled to one senator and three representatives. 

Fortieth district — Unchanged. 

Forty-first district — ^Unchanged. 

Forty-second district — Unchanged. 

Forty-third district — Unchanged. 

Forty- fourth district — Shall consist of the county of Mountrail and 
be entitled to one senator and two representatives. 

Forty-fifth district — Unchanjsed. 



1 



xxxii LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Forty-sixth district — Shall consist of the following townships and 
fractional townships: Township 143, north of ranges 80 and 81, 
west, and township 144, north of ranges 80, 81, 82, 83 and 84, 
west; townships 145 and 146, north of ranges 79, 80, 81, 82, 83 and 
84 west; townships 147 and 148, north of ranges 78, 80, 81, 82, 88, 
84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90 and 91, west; and townships 149 and 
150, north, of ranges 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 
89, 90 and 91 west, and the county of McLean and shall be en- 
titled to one senator and two representatives. 

Forty-seventh district — Unchanged. 

Forty-eighth district — Shall consist of the counties of Mercer, 
Oliver and Dunn and be entitled to one senator and three repre- 
sentatives. 

Forty-ninth district — Shall consist of the counties of Hettinger and 
Adams and be entitled to one senator and two representatives. 



THE CENSUS, 1910. 

The Constitution requires that a census of the United States shall 
be taken decennially. The first census was taken in 1790 under the 
supervision of the president; subsequent censuses, to and including 
that of 1840, were taken under the supervision of the secretary of 
state. In 1849 the supervision of the census was transferred to the 
newly organized department of the interior, and continued under the 
control ^f that department until the passage of the act of 1903 
creating the Department of Commerce and Labor; by this act the 
census office Was transferred to the supervision of the new depart- 
ment. Congress, by act a'^'^roved March 6, 1902, made the census 
office a permanent bureau of the government. 

NORTH DAKOTA. 

The state of North Dakota is divided into two census districts. The 
first district comprises the counties of Barnes, Cass, Cavalier, Dickey, 
Eddy, Foster, Grand rorks. Griggs, LaMoure, Nelson, Pembina, 
Ramsey, Ransom, Richland, Sargent, Steele, Stutsman, Towner, 
Traill, Walsh. 

The second district comprises the counties of Adams, Billings, 
Bottineau, Bowman, Burleigh, Dunn, Emmons, Hettinger, Kidder, 
Logan, McHenry, Mcintosh, McKenzie, McLean, Mercer, Mountrail, 
Morton, Oliver, Pierce, Rolette, Sheridan, Stark, Ward, Wells and 
Williams. 

The president appointed C. N. Frich of Lakota, superintendent 
for the first district, and James W. Foley, of Bismarck, for the 
second district. Mr. Foley was unable to accept the appointment, 
and a successor had not been appointed at the time the Blue Book 
went to press. 



MAGNA CHARTA 



THE GREAT CHARTER OF LIBERTIES OF 

KINO JOHN. 

Granted at Runnymede, June 15, A. D. 1215, in the Sev- 
enteenth Year of His Reign. 

John, by grace of God King of England. Lord of Ire- 
land, Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine, and Count of Anjou, 
to his Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots, Earls, Baroijs, Justi- 
ciaries, Foresters, Sheriffs, Governors, Officers and to all 
Bailiffs, and his lieg«s, greeting. Know ye, that we, in the 
presence of God, and for the salvation of our soul, and the 
souls of all our ancestors and heirs, and unto the honour of 
God and the advancement of Holy Church, and amendment 
of our Realm, by advice of our venerable Fathers, Stephen, 
Archbishop of Canterbury, Primate of all England, and Car- 
dinal of the Holy Roman Church, Henry, Archbishop of 
Dublin, William of London, Peter of Winchester, Jocelin 
of Bath and Gladstonbury, Hugh of Lincoln, Walter of 
Worcester, William of Coventry, Benedict of Rochester, 
Bishops; of Master Pandulph, Sub-Deacon and Familiar of 
our Lord the Pope, Brother Aymeric, Master of the Knights 
Templars in England; and of the Noble Persons, William 
Marescall, Earl of Pembroke, William, Earl of Salisbury, 
William, Earl of Warren, William, Earl of Arundel, Alan 
de Galloway, Constable of Scotland, Warin Fitz Gerald, 
Peter Fitz Herbert, and Hubert De Burgh, Seneschal of 
Poitou, Hugh de Neville, Matthew Fitz Herbert, Thomas 
Basset, Allan Basset, Philip of Albiney, Robert de Roppell, 
John Mareschal, John Fitz Hugh, and others our liegemen 
have, in the first place, granted to God, and by this our 
present Charter confirmed, for us and our heir forever: 

1. That the Church of England shall be free, and have 
her whole rights, and her liberties inviolable; and we will 
have them so observed, that it may appear thence, that the 
freedom of elections which is reckoned chief and indispensa- 
ble to the English Church, and which we granted and con- 
firmed by our Charter, and obtained the confirmation of the 
same from our Lord the Pope Innocent III., before the dis- 
cord between us and our barons, was granted of mere free 
will; which charter we shall observe, and we will do it to 
be faithfully observed by our heirs forever. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



2. We also have granted to all the freemen of our king- 
dom, for us and for our heirs forever, all the underwritten 
liberties, to be had and holden by them and their heirs, of 
us and our heirs forever; if any of our earls, or barons or 
others, who hold of us in chief by military service, shall die, 
and at the time of his death his heir shall be of full age, and 
owes a relief, he shall have his inheritance by the ancient 
relief; that is to say the heir or heirs of an earl, for a whole 
earldom, by a hundred pounds ; the heir or heirs of a baron, 
for a whole barony, by a hundred pounds; the heir or heirs 
of a knight, for a whole knights fee, by a hundred shillings 
at most; and whoever oweth less shall give less according 
to the ancient custom of fees. 

3. But if the heir of any such shall be under age, and 
shall be in ward when he comes of age, he shall have his 
inheritance without relief and without fine. 

4. The keeper of the land of such an heir being under age, 
shall take of the land of the heir none but reasonable issue, 
reasonable customs and reasonable services, and that with- 
out destruction and waste of his men and his goods; and if 
we commit the custody of any such lands to ■'he sheriff, or 
any other who is answerable to us for the issues of the land, 
and he shall make destruction and waste of the lands which 
he hath in custody, we will take of him amends, and the 
lands shall be committed to two lawful and discreet men of 
that fee, who shall answer for the issues to us, or to him 
to whom we shall assign them; and if we sell or give to any- 
one the custody of such lands, and he therein make de- 
struction or waste, he shall lose the same custody which 
shall be committed to the lawful and discreet men of that 
fee, who shall in like manner answer to us as aforesaid. 

5. But the keeper, so long as he shall have custody of 
the land, shall keep up the houses, parts, warrens, ponds, 
mills, and other things pertaining to the land, out of the 
issues of the same land; and shall deliver to the heir when 
he comes of full age, his whole land, stock with plows and 
carriages, according as the time of wainage shall require, 
and the issues of the land can reasonably bear. 

6. Heirs shall be married without disparagement, and so 
that before matrimony shall be contracted those who are near 
in blood to the heir shall have notice. 

7. A widow, after the death of her husband, shall forth- 
with and without difficulty have her marriage and inherit- 
ance; nor shall she give anything for her dower, or her 
marriage, or her inheritance, which her husband and she 
held at the day of his death; and she may remain in a man- 
sion house of her husband forty days after his death, within 
which term her dower shall be assigned. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



8. No widow shall be distrained to marry herself so long 
as sne has a mind to live without a husband ; but yet she snail 
give security that she will not marry without our assent, if 
she holds of us; or without the consent of the lord of whom 
sne holds, if she holds of another. 

9. Neither we nor our bailiffs shall seize any land or rent 
for any debt, so lonjar as the chattels of the debtor are suffi- 
cient to pay the debt; nor shall the securities of the debtor 
be distramed so long as the principal debtor is sufficient for 
the payment of the debt ; and if the principal debtor shall fail 
in the pa3rment of the debt, not having wherewithal! to pay 
it, then the sureties shall answer the debt; and if they will 
they shall have the lands and rents of the debtor until they 
shall be satisfied for the debt which they paid for him, un- 
less the principal debtor can show himself acquitted thereof 
against the said sureties. 

10. If anyone have borrowed anything of the Jews, more 
or less, and die before the debt is satisfied, there shall be no 
interest paid for that debt, so long as the heir is under age, 
of whomsoever he may hold; and if the debt fall into our 
hands we will only take the chattel mentioned in the deed. 

11. If anyone shall die indebted to the Jews, his wife 
shall have her dower and pay nothing of that debt; and if 
the deceased left children under age, they shall have neces- 
saries provided for them, according to the tenement of the 
deceased: and out of the residue of the debt shall be paid, 
saving however the service due to the lords; and in like 
manner shall it be done touching debts due to others than 
the Jews. 

12. No scutage or aid shall be imposed in our kingdom, 
unless by the general council of our kingdom; except for 
ransoming our person, making our eldest son a knight, and 
once for marrying our eldest daughter; and for these there 
shall be paid a reasonable aid. In like manner it shall be 
<:onceming the aids of the City of London. 

13. And the City of London shall have all its ancient 
liberties and free customs as well by land as by water; fur- 
thermore we will and grant, that all other cities and bur- 
oufrtis, and towns and ports, shall have all their liberties and 
free customs. 

14. And for holding the general council of the kingdom 
concerning the assessment of aids, except in the three cases 
aforesaid, and for the assessing of scutages, we shall cause 
to be summoned the archbishops, bishops, abbots, earls and 
jrreater barons of the realm, singly by our letters. And fur- 
thermore, we shall cause to be summoned generally by our 
sheriffs and bailiffs all others who hold of us in chief, for a 
certain day, that is to say, forty days before their meeting at 
least, and to certain place; and in all letters of such summons 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



we will declare the cause of such summons. And summons 
being thus made, the business of the day shall proceed on the 
day appointed, according to the advice of such as shall be 
present, although all that were summoned come not. 

15. We will not for the future grant to anyone that he may 
take aid of his own free tenants, unless to ransom his body, 
and to make his eldest son a knight and once to marry his 
eldest daughter; and for tnis there shall be only naid a rea- 
sonable aid. 

16. No man shall be distrained to perform more service 
for a knight's fee or other free tenement, than is due from 
thence. , 

17. Common pleas shall not follow our court, but shall 
be holden in some place certain. 

18. Assizes of novel disseisen, and of mort d'ancestor, and 
of darien presentment, shall not be taken but in their proper 
counties, and after this manner: We, or, if we should be 
out of the realm, our chief judiciary shall send two justici- 
aries through every county four times a year, who, with four 
knights, chosen out of every shire by the people, shall hold 
the said assizes, in the county, on the day, and at the place 
appointed. 

19. And if any matters cannot be determined on the day 
appointed for holding the assizes in each county, so many 
of the knights and freeholders as have been at the assizes 
aforesaid, shall stay to decide them, as is necessary, ac- 
cording as there is more or less business. 

20. A free man shall not be amerced for a small fault,, 
but after the manner of the fault; and for a great crime ac- 
cording to the heineousness of it, saving to him Lis contene- 
ment ; and after the same manner a merchant, savine to him 
his merchandise, and a villein shall be amerced after the 
same manner, saving to him his wainage, if he falls under 
our mercy; and none of the aforesaid amerciaments shall be 
assessed out by the oath of honest men in the neighborhood. 

21. Earls and barons shall not be amerced, but by their 
peers, and after the dej?ree of the offense. 

22. No ecclesiastical person shall be amerced for his lay 
tenement, but according to the proportion of others afore- 
said, and not according to the value of his ecclesiastical bene- 
fice. 

23. Neither a town nor any tenant shall be distrained 
to make bridges or banks, unless that anciently and of right 
they are bound to do it. 

24. No sheriff, constable, coroner, or other our bailiffs,, 
shall hold pleas of the crown. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



25. All counties, hundreds, wapentakes, and tythings, 
shall stand at the old rent, without any increase, except in 
our demesne manors. 

26. If any one holding of us, a lay fee die, and the sher- 
iff, or our bailiffs, show our letters patent, of summons for 
debt which the dead man did owe to us, it shall be lawful 
for the sheriff or our bailiff to attach and inroll the chattels 
of the dead, found upon his lay-fee, to the value of the debt 
by the view of lawful men, so as nothing be removed until 
our whole clear debt be paid; and the rest shall be left to 
the executors to fulfill the testament of the dead, and if there 
be nothing due from him to us, all the chattels shall go to 
the use of the dead, saving to his wife and children their 
reasonable shares. 

27. If any freeman shall die intestate, his chattels shall 
be distributed by the hands of his nearest relations and 
friends, by view of the church; saving to every one his debts 
which the deceased owed to hinL 

28. No constable or bailiff of ours shall take corn or other 
chattels of any man, unless he presently give him money for 
it or hath respite of pajrment by the good will of the seller, 

29. Xo constable shall distrain anv knight to <»^fve money 
for castle guards, if he tiimself will do it in his person, or by 
another able man in case he cannot do it through any rea- 
sonable cause. And if we lead him, or send him in an army, 
he sh^ be free from such guards for the time he shall be 
in the army by our command. 

30. Xo sheriff or baH-ff of otirs, or any oth^rr, *ha!l tak*; 
horses or carts of any free man for carriage, but by the %^A 
will of said free man. • 

3L Xcitber sbaH we of our bailiffs take any man's tim- 
bcr for oar castles t^ft ^'i::jtT uses, unless by the coMtnt of 
the owner of the thnber, 

^ We sba3 retam the U^rA^ oi th*>^ <»nriated of f-tVy^y 
only ooe year and a day, as:i thm they sha*/* be 4^Vtrcrtd %r, 
the lord of tbe fee. 

33. AH wear? for tbc *rr^ \o cofj>c <^Jit be pni A^mr. js 
the riTcrs of T3-in>ef ar.4 ife-lvay, krA "J^.Tr^ri^r;:* all Er*i{' 
land, except ':::yyz tre sea cfji.it^ 

ZL The wrt -■rrfti if '::tZ*A frs^T^^e. Ujt *ht f-r^'rre 

shall zyj: be rsi^d^ o-rt v. irrr '.^rit. oi ar;r titrx^rr^r-t, -w'r.^-rVvy 

a tree iiti''iiii^T» mu.£t j .jvt^ »,^t >< ^ >. _ «. 

35, Tb/tze i'bcZ ^ 'jce ^zA^^^-^e oi vi^^t ir/i ^/rjt cf 4>: 
thro'3^ c»rT -v'ry,'*. j»al:r:; ztA '.ri* rri^ritr-^*: ^A v.-'r ''-jc*, ;t 
to say. tbe Ixcd'c ^-:::ir*j*T; ^r'i ''.r..*; V*:<-'^*'. ^A ^.y^A t>,'' 
and rrasffts, -azA irLi**r;*:ttt t?^t l\ */. t^; t«'. *-"t ».r r. VA 
Hat: aof it \c:tL m: '/^ ^*r:(:'\ '^\ r, i\ 'A zt^^^x".'*^. 



6 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

36. Nothing from henceforth shall be given or taken for a 
writ of inquisition of life or limb, but it shall be granted freely 
and not denied. 

37. If any do hold of us by fee-farm, or by socage, or by 
burgage, and he holds also lands of any other by knight's 
service, we will not have the custody of the heir or land, 
which is holden of another man's fee by reason of that tee- 
farm, socage, or burgage; neither will we have the custody 
of such fee-farm, socage, or burgage, except knight's service 
was due to us out of the same fee-farm. We will not have 
the custody of an heir, nor of any land which he holds of 
another by knight's service, by reason of any petty sergeanty 
that holds of us, by the service of paying a knife, an arrow, 
or the like. 

38. No bailiff from henceforth shall put any man to his 
law upon his own bear saying, without credible witness to 
prove it. 

39. No free man shall be taken or imprisoned or disseised, 
or outlawed, or banished, or anyways destroyed, nor will we 
pass upon him, nor will we send upon him, unless by the 
lawful judgment of his peers, or by the law of the land. 

40. We will sell no man, we will not deny to any man, 
either justice or right, 

41. All merchants shall have safe and secure conduct, to 
go out of, and to come into England and to stay there, and 
to pass 'as well by land as by water, for buying and selling 
by. the ancient and allowed customs, without any evil -tolls ; 
except in time of war, or when they are of any nation at war 
with us. And if there be found any such in our land, in the 
beginning of the war, they shall -be^ attached, without dam- 
age to their bodies or goods, until it be known unto us or 
our chief justiciary, how our merchants be treated in the 
nation at war with us; and if ours be safe there, the oth- 
ers shall be safe in our dominions. 

42. It shall be lawful, for the time to come, for anyone to 
go out of our kingdom and return safe and securely by land 
or by water, saving his allegiance to us: unless in time of 
war, by some short space, for the common benefit of the 
realm, except prisoners and outlaws according to the laws 
of the land, and people in war with us, and merchants who 
shall be in such condition as is above mentioned. 

43. If any man hold of any escheat, as of the honour of 
Wallingford, Nottingham, Boulogne, Lancaster, or of other 
escheats which be in our hands, and are baronies, and die, 
his heir shall give no otner relief, and perform no other serv- 
ice to us, than he would to the baron, if it were in the 
baron's hands; we will hold it after the same manner as the 
baron held it. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



44. Those men who dwelt without the forest, from hence- 
forth shall not come before our justiciaries of the forest upon 
common summons, but such as are impleaded or are pledges 
for any that are attached for something concerning the forest 

45. We will not make any justice, constables, sheriffs, or 
bailiffs but of such as know the law of the realm and mean 
duly to observe it. 

46. All barons who have founded abbeys and have the kings 
of England's charters of advowson or the ancient tenure there- 
of, shall have the keeping of them, when vacant, as they 
ought to have. 

47. All forests that have been made forests in our time, 
shall forthwith be disforested; and the same shall be done 
with the banks that have been fenced in by us in our time. 

48. All evil customs concerning forests, warrens, foresters 
and warreners, sheriffs and their officers, rivers and their 
keepers, shall forthwith be inquired into in each county, by 
twelve sworn knights of the same shire, chosen by creditable 
persons of the same county; and within forty days after the 
said inquest, be utterly abolished, so as never to be restored; 
so as we are first acquainted therewith, or our justiciary, if 
we should not be in England. 

49. We will immediately give up all hostages and writings 
delivered unto us by our English subjects, as securities for 
their keeping the peace, and yielding us faithful service. 

50. We will entirely remove from our bailiwicks the rela- 
tions of Gerard de Atheyes, so that for the future they shall 
have no bailiwicks in England; we will also remove Engelard 
de Cygony, Andrew. Peter, and Gvon, from the Chancery; 
Gyon de Cygony, Geoffrey de Martyn and his brothers; 
Philip Mark, and his brothers, and his nephew, Geoffrey, 
and their whole retinue. 

51. As soon as peace is restored we will send out of the 
kingdom all foreign soldiers, cross-bowmen, and stipendi- 
aries, who are come with horses and arms to the prejudice 
of our people. 

52. If anyone has been dispossessed or deprived by us 
without the legal judgment of his peers, of his lands, castles, 
liberties, or right, we will forthwith restore them to him; 
and if any dispute arise upon his head let the matter be de- 
cided by the five and twenty barons hereafter mentioned, for 
the preservation of the peace. As for all those things of 
which any person has, without the leral judgment of his 
peers, been dispossessed or deprived, either by Kin'^ Henry 
our father, or our brother King Richard, and which we have 
in our hands, or are possessed by others, and we are bound 
to warrant and make good, we shall have a respite till the 
term usually allowed the crusaders ; excepting those ^ thinc^s 
about which there is a plea depending, or whereof an inquest 



8 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



hath been made, by our order, before we undertook the 
crusade, but when we return from our pilgrimage, or if per- 
chance we tarry at home and do not make our pilgrimage, we 
will immediately cause full justice to be administered therein. 
63. The same respite we shall have ^and in the same man- 
ner about administering justice, disafforesting the forests or 
letting them continue) for disafforesting the forests which 
Henry our father, and our brother Richard have afforested; 
and for the keeping of the lands which are in another's fee, 
in the same manner as we have hitherto enjoved those 
wardships, by reason of a fee held by us by knight's service; 
and for the abbeys founded in any other fee than our own, in 
which the lord of the fee says he has a right; and when we 
return from our pilgrimage, or if we tarry at home, and do 
not make our pilgrimage, we will immediately do full justice 
to all the complainants in this behalf. 

54. No man shall be taken or imprisoned upon the appeal 
of a woman, for the death of any other than her husband. 

55. All unjust and illegal fines made by us, and all amer- 
ciaments imposed unjustly and contrary to the law of the 
land, shall be entirely given up, or else be left to the decision 
of the five and twenty barons hereafter mentioned for the 
preservation of the peace, or of the major part of them, to- 
gether with the aforesaid Stephen, archbishop of Canterbury, 
if he can be present, and others whom he shall think fit to 
take along with him; and if he cannot be present, the busi- 
ness shall notwithstanding go on without him; but so that 
if one or more of the aforesaid five-and- twenty barons 
be plaintiffs in the same cause, they shall be set aside as to 
what concerns this particular affair, and others chosen in 
their room, out of the said five-and-twenty, and sworn by 
the rest to decide the matter. 

56. If we have disseised or dispossessed the Welsh, of 
any lands, liberties, or other things, without the legal judg- 
ment of their peers, either in England or in Wales, they shall 
be immediately restored to them; and if any dispute arise 
upon this head, the matter shall be terminated in the marche 
by the judgment of their peers; for tenements in England 
according to the law of England, for tenements in Wales, ac- 
cordinc: to the law in Wales, for tenements of the marche 
according to the law of the marche ; the same snail the Welsh 
do to us and our subjects. 

57. As for all those things of which a Welshman hath, 
without the legal judgment of his peers, been disseised or de- 
prived of by Henry our father, or our brother Richard, 
and which we neither have in our hands, or others are 
possessed of, and we are obliged to warrant it, we shall have 
a respite till the time generally allowed the crusaders: except- 
ing those things about which a suit is depending, or whereof 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 9 



an inquest has been made by our order, before we undertook 
the crusade; but when we return, or if we stay at home with- 
out performing our pilgrimage, we will immediately do them 
full justice according to the laws of the Welsh and of the 
parts before mentioned. 

58. We will without delay dismiss the son of Llewellyn, 
and all the Welsh hostages, and release them from the en- 
jragements they have entered into with us for the preservation 
of the peace. 

59. We will treat with Alexander, King of Scots, con- 
cerning the restoring of his sisters and hostages, and his rights 
and liberties, in the same form and manner as we shall do 
to the rest of our barons of Enjrland; unless by the charters 
which we have from his father, William late King of Scots, 
it oueht to be otherwise ; but this shall be left to the determi- 
nation of his peers in our court. 

60. All the aforesaid customs and liberties, which we have 
granted to be holden in c ir kingdom, as much as it belongs 
to us toward our people of our kingdom, as well clergy as 
laity shall observe, as far as they are concerned toward their 
■deoendents. 

61. And whereas, for the honour of God and the amend- 
ment of our kingdom, and for the better quieting the discord 
that has arisen between us and our barons, we have granted 
all these things aforesaid; willing to render them firm and 
lasting, we do give and grant our subjects the underwritten 
security, namely that the barons may choose five-and-twenty 
Tjarons of the kingdom, whom they think convenient ; who 
shall take care, with all their might, to hold and observe, and 
cause to be observed, the peace and liberties we have granted 
them, and this by our present charter confirmed; so that if 
we, our justiciary, our bailiffs, or any of our officers shall in 
any circumstances fail in the performance of them toward any 
person, or shall break through any of these articles of peace 
and security, and the offense be notified to four barons chosen 
out of the five-and-twenty before mentioned, the said four 
Tjarons shall repair to us, or our justiciary, if we are out of 
tne realm, and laying open the grievance, shall petition to have 
it redressed without delay ; and if it be not redressed by us, or 
if we should chance to be out of the realm, if it should not 
T)e redressed by our justiciary, within forty days, reckoning 
from the time it has been notified to us, or to our justiciary, 
(if we should be out of the realm,) the four barons afore- 
said shall lay the cause before the rest of the five-and-twenty 
"barons; and the said five-and-twenty barons, together with 
the community of the whole kingdom, shall distrain and dis- 
tress us in all possible ways, by seizing our castles, lands, 
possessions and in any other manner they can, till the griev- 
:ance is redressed according to their pleasure ; saving harmless 



10 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



our own person, and the person of our queen and children; 
and when it is redressed they shall obey us as before. And 
any person whatsoever in the kingdom, may swear that he 
will obey the orders of the five-and-twenty barons aforesaid, 
in the execution of the premises, and will distress us, jointly 
with them, to the utmost of his power ; and we give pub- 
lic and free liberty to anyone that shall please to swear to 
this, and never will hinder any person from taking the same 
oath. 

62. As for all those of our subjects who will not, of their 
own accord, swear to join the five-and-twenty barons in dis- 
training and distressing us, we will issue orders to make them 
take the oath as aforesaid. And if any one of the five-and- 
twenty barons dies, or goes out of the kingdom, or is 
hindered any other way from carrying the things aforesaid in- 
to execution, the rest of the said five-and-twenty barons may 
choose any other in his room, at their discretion, who shall be 
sworn in like manner as the rest. In all things that are com- 
mitted to the execution of these five-and-twenty barons, if 
when they are all assembled together, they should happen to- 
disagree about any matter, and some of them, when summon- 
ed, will not, or cannot come, whatever is agreed upon, or en- 
joined, by the major part of those that are present, shall be 
reputed as firm and valid as if all the five-and-twenty had 
given their consent; and the aforesaid five-and-twenty shall 
swear that all the premises they shall faithfully observe, and 
cause with all their power to be observed. And we will not by 
ourselves, or by any other, procure anything whereby any of 
these concessions and liberties may be revoked or lessened; 
and if any such thing be obtained, let it be null and void; 
neither shall we ever make use of it, either by ourselves or 
any other. And all the ill-will, indignations and rancours 
that have arisen between us and our subjects, of the clergy 
and laity, from the first breaking out of the dissentions be- 
tween us, we do fully remit and forgive; moreover, all tres- 
passes occasioned by the said dissentions, from Easter in the 
fifteenth year of our reign, till the restoration of peace and 
tranquility, we hereby entirely remit to all, both clergy and 
laity, and as far as in us lies do fully forgive. We have,, 
moreover, caused to be made for them the letter patent tcb- 
timonial of Stephen, lord archbishop of Canterbury, Henry, 
lord archbishop of Dublin, and the bishops aforesaid, as also- 
of Master Pandulph, for the security and concession aforesaid. 

63. Wherefore we will and firmly enjoin that the church 
of England be free, and that all the men in our kingdom 
have and hold all the aforesaid liberties, rights and conces- 
sions, truly and peaceably, freely and quietly, fully and whollv 
to themselves and their heirs, of us and our heirs, in* alt 
things and places, forever, as is aforesaid. It is also sworn? 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA H 



as well oh our part as on the part of the barons, that all the 
things aforesaid shall be observed bona fide and without evil 
subtility. 

Given under our hand, in the presence of the witnesses 
above natned, and many others, in the meadow called Runny- 
mede, between Windsor and Staines, the 15th day of June, 
in the seventeenth year of our reign. 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 



In Congress, July 4, 1776. 

When in the course of human events it becomes necessarjr 
for one people to dissolve the political bands which have 
connected them with another, and to assume among the 
powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which, 
the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a. 
decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they 
should declare the causes which impel them to the separa- 
tion. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are 
created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with 
certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty 
and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights^ 
governments are instituted among men, deriving their just 
powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever 
any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, 
it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to 
institute new government, laying its foundation on such 
principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as ta 
them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happi- 
ness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long 
established should not be changed for light and transient 
causes: and, accordingly, all experience hath shown, that 
mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are suffer- 
able than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to 
which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses 
and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces 
a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their 
right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and 
been the patient sufferance of these colonies, and such is 
now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former 
systems of government. The history of the present king of 
Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpa- 
tion, all having in direct object, the establishment of an ab- 
solute tyranny over these states. To prove this let facts be 
submitted to a candid world. 

He has refused his assent to laws the most wholesome and 
necessary for the public good. 

He has forbidden his governors to pass laws of immediate 
and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation 
till his assent should be obtained ; and when so • suspended,, 
he has utterly neglected to attend to them. 



14 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation 
of large districts of people, unless those people would relin- 
quish the right of representation in the legislature; a right 
inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, 
uncomfortable and distant from the repository gf their pub- 
lic records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into com- 
pliance with his measures. 

He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for op- 
posing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of 
the people. 

He has refused, for a long time after such dissolutions, 
to cause others to be elected ; whereby the legislative pow- 
ers, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the people 
at large for their exercise; the state remaining, in the mean- 
time, exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, 
and convulsions within. 

He has endeavered to prevent the population of these 
states; for that purpose obstructing the laws for naturaliza- 
tion of foreigners; refusing to pass others to encouracre their 
migration hither, and raising the conditions of new appro- 
priations of lands. 

He has obstructed the administration of justice, by re- 
fusing his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers. 

He has made judges dependent upon his will alone, for the 
tenure of their offices, and the amount and pa3rment of their 
salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither 
swarms of officers to harrass our people, and eat out their 
substance. 

He has kept among us in times of peace, standing armies, 
without the consent of our legislatures. 

He has effected to render the military independent of 
and superior to the civil power. 

He has combined with others, to subject us to a jurisdic- 
tion foreign to our constitution and unacknowledged by our 
laws; giving his assent to their acts of pretended legisla- 
tion. 

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us. 

For protecting them, by a mock trial, from punishment for 
any murders which they should commit on the inhabitants 
of these states. 

For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world. 

For imposing taxes on us without our consent. 

For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of trial 
by jury. 

For transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretended 
offenses. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 15 

For abolishing the free system of English laws in a neigh- 
boring province, establishing therein an arbitrary govern- 
ment, and enlarginjr its boundaries, so as to render it at 
once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same 
absolute rule into these colonies. 

For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valu- 
able laws, and altering, fundamentally, the forms of our 
governments. 

For suspending our own legislatures, and declaring them- 
selves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases 
whatsoever. 

He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out 
of his protection, and waging war against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our 
towns, and destroyed the lives of our people. 

He is, at this time, transporting large armies of foreign 
mercenaries, to compleat the works of death desolation and 
tyranny already begun with circumstances of cruelty and 
perfidy scarcely paralleled in the rnost barbarous ages and 
totally unworthy the head of a civilized nation. 

He has constrained our fellow citizens, taken captive on 
the high seas, to bear arms against their country, to be- 
come the executioners of their friends and brethren, or to 
fall themselves by their hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrections amonjfst us, and has 
endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers the 
merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare is 
an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and condi- 
tions. 

In every stage of these oppressions, we have petitioned 
for redress, in the most humble terms; our repeated peti- 
tions have been answered only by repeated injurv. A prince, 
whose character is thus marked by every act which may de- 
fine a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. 

Nor have we been wanting in attentions to our British 
brethren. We have warned them from time to time of at- 
tempts by their legislature to e;ctend an unwarrantable juris- 
diction over us. We have reminded them of the circum- 
stances of our immigration and settlement here. We have 
appealed to their native justice and magnanimity and we 
have conjured them, by the ties of our common kindred, to 
disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt 
our connections and correspondence. They, too, have been 
deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, 
therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our 
separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, 
enemies in war. in peace friends. 

We therefore, the representatives of the United States of 
America, in general congress assembled, appealing to the 



16 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our inten- 
tions, do, in the name, and by the authority of the good peo- 
ple of these colonies, solemnly publish and declare. That these 
United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, Free and Inde- 
pendent States; that they are absolved from all allegiance 
to the British crown, and that all political connection be- 
tween them and the state of Great Britain, is and ought to 
be totally dissolved, and that as Free and Independent 
States, they have full power to levy war, conclude peace, 
contract alliances, establish commerce, and do all other 
acts and things which independent states may of right do. 
And for the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance 
on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge 
to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor. 

JOHN HANCOCK. 

New Hampshire — ^Josiah Bartlett, Wm. Whipple, Matthew 
Thornton. 

Massachusetts Bay — Saml. Adams, John Adams, Robt. 
Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry. 

Rhode Island, Etc. — Step, Hopkins, William Ellery. 

Connecticut — Roger Sherman, Sam'el Huntington, Wm. 
Williams, Oliver Wolcott. 

New York — Wm. Floyd, Phil. Livingston, Frans. Lewis, 
Lewis Morris. 

New Jersey — Richd. Stockton, Jno. Witherspoon, Fras. 
Hopkinson, John Hart, Abra. Clark. 

Pennsylvania — Robt. Morris, Benjamin Rush, Benja. Frank- 
lin, John Morton, Geo. Clymer, Jas. Smith, Geo. Taylor, 
James Wilson, Geo. Ross. 

Delaware — Cesar Rodney, Geo. Reed, Tho. M'Kean. 
• Maryland — Samuel Chase, Wm. Paca, Thos. Stone, Charles 
Carroll of Carollton. 

Virginia — George Wythe, Richard Henry Lee, Th. 
Jefferson, Benj. Harrison, Thos. Nelson, jr., Francis 
Lightfoot Lee, Carter Braxton. 

North Carolina — Wm. Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn. 

South Carolina — Edward Rutledge, Tho. Hayward, junr., 
Thos. Lynch, junr., Arthur Middleton. 

Georgia — Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, Geo. Walton. 



ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION 



[While the Declaration of Independence was under con- 
sideration in the Continental Congress, and before it was 
finally agreed upon, measures were taken for the establish- 
ment of a constitutional form of government; and on the 
11th of June, 1776, it was "Resolved, That a committee be 
appointed to prepare and digest the form of a confederation 
to be entered into between these Colonies" which committee 
was appointed the next day, June 12, and consisted of a 
member from eacn Colony, namely: Mr. Bartlett, Mr. S. 
Adams, Mr. Hopkins, Mr. Sherman, Mr. R. R. Livingston, 
Mr. Dickinson, Mr. McKean, Mr. Stone, Mr. Nelson, Mr. 
Hewes, Mr. E. Rutledge and Mr. Gwinnett. On the 12th 
of July, 1776, the committee reported a draught of the 
Articles of Confederation, which was printed for the use of 
the members under the strictest injunctions of secrecy. 

The report underwent a thorough discussion in congress, 
from time to time until the 15th day of November, 1777; on 
which day "Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union" 
were finally agreed to in form, and they were directed to be 
proposed to the legislatures of all the United States, and if 
approved by them, they were advised to authorize their dele- 
gates to ratify the same in the congress of the United States ; 
and in that event they were to become conclusive. On the 
17th of November, 1777, the congress agreed upon the form 
of a circular letter to accompany the articles of confederation, 
which concluded with a recommendation to each of the sev- 
eral legislatures "to invest its delegates with competent pow- 
ers, ultimately, and in the name and behalf of the state, to 
subscribe articles of confederation and perpetual union of the 
United States, and to attend congress for that purpose on 
or before the 10th day of March next." This letter was 
signed by the president of congress and sent, with a copy of 
the articles, to each state legislature. 

On the 26th of June, 1778, congress agreed upon the form 
of a ratification of the articles of confederation, and directed 
a copy of the articles and the ratification to be engrossed on 
parchment; which, on the 9th of July, 1778, having been ex- 
amined and the blanks filled, was signed by the delegates of 
New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, Pennsyl- 
vania, Virginia and South Carolina. Congress then directed 
that a circular letter be addressed to the states whose dele- 
gates were not present, or being present, conceived they were 

—2- 



18 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

' — — — — — ^ . 

nor authorized to sign the ratification, informing them how 
many and what states had ratified the articles of confedera- 
tion, and desiring them, with all convenient dispatch, to au- 
thorize their delegates to ratify the same. Of these states 
North Carolina ratified on the 21st and Georgia on the 24th 
of July, 1778; New Jersey on the 26th of November follow- 
ing; Delaware on the 5th of May, 1779; Maryland on the 
1st of March, 1781; and on the 2d of March, 1781, congress 
assembled* under the new form of government. 1 



ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. 

To all to whom these Presents shall come, we the undersigned 
Delegates of the States aMxed to our names, send greeting: 

Whereas the delegates of the United States of America in 
congress assembled did on the 15th day of November in the 
year of our Lord 1777, and in the second year of the inde- 
pendence of America agree to certain articles of confederation 
and perpetual union between the states of New Hampshire, 
Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Planta- 
tions, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania; 
Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Caro- 
lina and Georgia, in the words following, viz: 

"Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union between the 
States of New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Isl- 
and and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, 
New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, 
North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. 

Article I. The style of this confederacy shall be "The 
United States of America." 

Articxe II. Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom and 
independence, and every power, jurisdiction and right, which 
is not by this confederation expressly delegated to the United 
States in congress assembled. 

Article III. The said states hereby severally enter into a 
firm league of friendship with each other for their common 
defense, the security of their liberties, and their mutual and 
general welfare, binding themselves to assist each other, 
against all force offered to, or attacks made upon them, or any 
of them, on account of religion, sovereignty, trade, or any 
other pretense whatever. 

Article IV. The better to secure and perpetuate mutual 
friendship and intercourse among the people of the different 
states in this union, the free inhabitants of each of these 
states, paupers, vagabonds and fugitives from justice ex- 
cepted, shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of 
free citizens in the several states r and the people of each state 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA • 19 



shall have free ingress and egress to and from any other 
state, and shall enjoy therein all the privileges of trade and 
commerce, subject to the same duties, impositions and restric- 
tions as the inhabitants thereof respectively; provided that 
5uch restrictions shall not extend so far as to prevent the 
removal of property imported into any state, to any other 
state of which the owner is an inhabitant; provided, also, 
that no imposition, duties or restrictions shall be laid by any 
state on the property of the United States, or either of them. 

If any person guilty of, or charged with treason, felony, or 
•other high misdemeanor in any state, shall flee from justice, 
and be found in any of the United States, he shall upon de- 
mand of the governor or executive power of the state from 
which he fled, be delivered up and removed to the state having 
jurisdiction of his offense. 

Full faith and credit shall be given }p each of these states 
to the records, acts and judicial proceedings of the courts 
and magistrates of every other state. 

Article V. For the more convenient management of the 
■general interests of the United States, delegates shall be an- 
nually appointed in such manner as the legislature of each 
state shall direct, to meet in congress on the first Monday in 
November of every year, with a power reserved to each state, 
to recall its delegates, or any of them, at any time within the 
year, and to send others in their stead, for the remainder of 
the year. 

No state shall be represented in congress by less than two, 
nor more than seven members ; and no person shall be 
"Capable of being a delegate for more than three years in any 
term of six years; nor shall any person, being a delegate, 
^e capable of holding any office under the United States, for 
which he, or any other for his benefit receives any salary, fees, 
or emolument of any kind. 

Each state shall maintain its own delegates in a meeting 
•of the states, and while they act as members of the committee 
of these states. 

In determining questions in the United States, in congress 
assembled, each state shall have one vote. 

Freedom of speech and debate in congress shall not be im- 
-peached or questioned in any court, or place out of congress, 
and the members of congress shall be protected in their per- 
sons from arrest and imprisonments, during the time of 
their going to and from, and attendance on congress, except 
■for treason, felony, or breach of the peace. 

Article VI. No state without the consent of the United 

States in congress assembled, shall send any embassy to, or 

receive any embassy from, or enter into any conference 

■aereement, alliance or treaty with any king, prince or state, 

^or shall any person holding any office of profit or trust under 



20 • LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



the United States, or any of them, accent of any present, 
emolument, office or title of any kind whatever from anv 
king, prince or foreign state; nor shall the United States in 
congress assembled, or any of them, grant any title of no- 
bility. 

No two or more states «hall enter into any treaty, confed- 
eration or alliance whatever between them, without the con- 
sent of the United States in congress assembled, specifying 
accurately the purposes for which the same is to be entered 
into, and how long it shall continue. 

No state shall lay any imposts or duties, which may interfere 
with any stipulations in treaties, entered into by the United 
States in congress assembled with any king, prince or state, 
in pursuance of any treaties already proposed by congress to 
the courts of France or Spain. 

No vessels of war shall be kept up in time of peace by any 
state, except such number only, as shall be deemed necessary 
by the United States in congress assembled, for the defense 
of such state, or its trade; nor shall any body or forces be 
kept up by any state, in time of peace, except such number 
only, as in the judgment of the United States, in congress 
assembled, shall be deemed requisite to parrison the forts 
necessary for the defense of such state ; but every state shall 
always keep up a well regulated and disciplined militia, suffi- 
ciently armed and accoutered, and shall provide and constant- 
ly have ready for use in public stores, a due number of 
field pieces and tents, and a proper quantity of arms, ammu- 
nition and camp equina^e. 

No state shall engage in any war without the consent of the 
United States in congress assembled, unless such state be 
actually invaded by enemies, or shall have received certain 
advice of a resolution being formed by some nation of In- 
dians to invade such state, and the danger is so imminent as 
not to admit of a delay, till the United States in congress 
assembled can be consulted; nor shall any state grant com- 
missions. to any ships or vessels of war, nor letters of marque 
or reprisals, except it be after a declaration of war by the 
United States in congress assembled, and then only against 
the kingdom or state, and the subjects thereof, against which 
war has been so declared, and under such regulations as shall 
be established by the United States in congress assembled^ 
unless such state be infested by pirates, in which case vessels 
of war may be fitted out for that occasion, and kept so long 
as the danger shall continue, or until the United States in 
congress assembled shall determine otherwise. 

Article VII. When land forces are raised by any state 
for the common defense, all officers of or under the rank of 
colonel, shall be appointed by the legislature of each state 
respectively by whom such force shall be raised, or in such 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 21 



manner as such state shall direct, and all vacancies shall be 
filled up by the state which first made the appointment. 

Article VIII. All charges of war, and all other expenses 
that shall be incurred for the common defense or general 
welfare, and allowed by the United States in congress as- 
sembled, shall be defrayed out of a common treasury, which 
shall be supplied by the several states, in proportion to 
the value of all land within each state, granted to or surveyed 
for any person, as such land and the buildings and improve- 
ments thereon shall be estimated according to such mode as 
the United States in congress assembled, shall from time to 
time, direct and appoint. 

The taxes for paying that proportion shall be laid and levied 
by the authority and direction of the legislatures of the several 
states within the time agreed upon by the United States in 
congress assembled. 

Article IX. The United States in congress assembled, 
shall have the sole and exclusive right and power of determin- 
ing on neace and war, excepting the cases rpentioned in the 6th 
article — of sending and receiving ambassadors — entering into 
treaties and alliances ; provided that no treaty of commerce 
shall be made whereby the legislative power of the respective 
states shall be restrained from imposing: such imposts and 
duties on foreigners, as their own people are subject to, or 
from prohibiting the exportation or importation of any species 
of goods or commodities whatsoever — of establishing rules for 
deciding in all cases, what captures on land or water shall be 
legal, and in what manner prizes taken by land or naval forces 
in the service of the United States, shall be divided or ap- 
propriated — of granting letters of marque and reprisal in times 
of peace — appointing courts for the trial of piracies and felon- 
ies committed on the hip^h seas and establishing courts for re- 
ceivinsf and determining finally appeals in all cases of captures ; 
provided that no member of congress shall be appointed a 
judee of any of the said courts.' 

The United States in congress assembled shall also be the 
last resort on appeal in all disputes and differences now sub- 
sisting or that may hereafter arise between two or more states 
concerning boundarv. jurisdiction or any other cause what- 
ever; which authority shall always be exercised in the man- 
ner following: Whenever the legislative or executive author- 
ity or lawful agent of any state in controversy with another 
shall present a petition to congress, stating the matter in ques- 
tion and praying for a hearing, notice thereof shall be given 
by order of congress to the legislative or executive authority 
of the other state in controversy, and a day assigned for the 
appearance of the parties by their lawful agents, who shall 
then be directed to appoint by joint consent, commissioners 
or judges to constitute a court for hearing and determining 



22 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



the matter in question; but if they cannot agree, congress 
shall name three persons out of each of the United States, 
and from the list of such persons each party shall alternately 
strike out one, the petitioners beginning, until the number 
shall be reduced to thirteen; and from that number not less 
than seven, nor mv^re than nine names as congress shall di- 
rect, shall in the presence of congress be drawn out by lot; 
the persons whose names shall be so drawn or any five 
of them, shall be commissioners or judges, to hear and final- 
ly determine the controversy, so always as a major part of 
the judges who shall hear the cause shall agree in the deter- 
mination; and if either party shall neglect to attend at the 
day appointed, without showing reasons, which congress shall 
judge sufficient, or beincr present shall refuse to strike, the 
congress shall proceed to nominate three persons out of each 
state, and the secretary of congress shall strike in behalf of 
such party absent or refusmg; and the judgment and sentence 
of the court to be appointed, in the manner before prescribed, 
shall be final and conclusive; and if any of the parties shall 
refuse to submit to the authority of such court, or to appear 
to defend their claim or cause, the court shall nevertheless 
proceed to pronounce sentence or judgment, which shall in 
like manner be final and decisive; the judgment or sen- 
tence and other proceedings being in either case transmitted 
to congress and lodged among the acts of congress for the 
security of the parties concerned; provided that every com- 
missioner, before he sits in judgment, shall take an oath to 
be administered by one of the judges of the supreme or super- 
ior court of the state, where the cause shall be tried, *'well and 
truly to hear and determine the matter in question, accord- 
ing to the best of his judgment, without favor,- affection or 
hope of reward :" provided also that no state shall be depriv- 
ed of territory for the benefit of the United States. 

All controversies concerning the private right of soil claimed 
under different grants of two or more states, whose juris- 
dictions as they may respect such lands,^ and the states which 
pa§sed such grants are adjusted, the said grants or either of 
them being at the same time claimed to have originated ante- 
cedent to such settlement of jurisdiction, shall on the petition 
of either party to the congress of the United States, be finally 
determined as near as may be in the same manner as is before 
prescribed for deciding disputes respecting territorial juris- 
diction between different states. 

The United States in congress assembled shall also have the 
sole and exclusive right and power of regulating the alloy 
and value of coin struck by their own authority, or by that of 
the respective states — fixing the standard of weights and 
measures throughout the United States — regulating the trade 
and managing all affairs with the Indians, not members of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 23 



any of the states; provided that the legislative right of any 
state within its own limits be not infringed or violated — estab- 
lishing and regulating postoffices from one state to another, 
tiiroughout all the United States, and exacting such postage on 
the papers passing thro' the same as niay be requisite to defray 
the expense of the said office — appointing all officers of the 
land forces, in the service of the United States, excepting 
r^gimental officers— appointing all the officers of the naval 
forces, and commissioning all officers whatever in the service 
of the United States — ^making rules for the government and 
regulation of the said land and naval forces, and directing 
their operations. 

The United States in congress assembled shall have author- 
ity to appoint a committee, to sit in the recess of congress, 
to be denominated "A Committee of tne States," and to con- 
sist of one delegate from each state; and to appoint such other 
committees and civil officers as may be necessary for manag- 
ing the general affairs of the United States under their direc- 
tion — to appoint one of their number to preside ; provided that 
no person be allowed to serve in the office of president 
more than one year in any term of three years; to ascertain: 
the necessary sums of money to be raised for the service of the 
United States, and to appropriate and apply the same for de- 
fraying the public expenses — to borrow money, or emit bills oiv 
the credit of the United States, transmitting every half year 
to the respective states an account of the sums of money so. 
borfowed or emitted — to build and equip a navy — to agree 
upon the number of land forces, and to make requisitions 
from each state for its quota, in proportion to the number of 
white inhabitants in such state; which requisition shall be 
binding, and thereupon the legislature ot each state shall ap- 
point the regimental officers, raise the men and clothe, arm 
and equip them in a soldier like manner, at the expense of the 
United States; and the officers and men so clothed, armed 
and equipped shall march to the place appointed and within 
the time agreed on by the United States in congress assem- 
bled; but if the United States in congress assembled shall, on 
consideration of circumstances judge proper that any state 
should not raise men, or should raise a smaller number than 
its quota, and that any other state should raise a greater num-- 
ber of men than the quota thereof, such extra number shall be 
raised, officered, clothed, armed and equipped in the same 
manner as the '^uota of such state, unless the legislature of 
each state shall judge that such extra number cannot be safely 
spared out of the same, in which case they shall raise, officer, 
clothe, arm and equip as many of such extra numbers as they 
judge can be safely spared. And the officers and men so 
clothed, armed and equipped, shall march to the place ap- 



24 LEGISLATIVK MANUAL 



pointed, and within the time agreed on by the United States 
in congress assembled. 

The United States in congress assembled shall never engage 
in a war, nor grant letters of marque and reprisal in time of 
peace, nor enter into any treaties or alliances, nor coin money, 
nor regulate the value thereof, nor ascertain the sums and ex- 
penses necessary for the defense and welfare of the United 
States, or any of them, nor emit bills, nor borrow, money on 
the credit of the United States, nor appropriate money, nor 
agree upon the number of vessels of war. to be built or pur- 
chased, or the number of land or sea forces to be raised, nor 
appoint a commander-in-chief of the army or navy, unless 
nine states assent to the same; nor shall a question on any 
other point, except for adjourning from day to day be deter- 
mined, unless by the votes of a majority of the United States 
in congress assembled. 

The congress of the United States shall have power to ad- 
journ to any time within the year, and to any place within the 
United States, so that no period of adjournment be for a 
longer duration than the space of six months and shall pub- 
lish, the journal of their proceedinsjs monthly, except such 
parts thereof relating to treaties, alliances or military opera- 
tions, as in their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and 
nays of the delegates of each state on any question shall be 
entered on the journal, when it is desired by any delegate; and 
the delegates of a state, or any of them, at his or their request 
shall be furnished with a transcript of the said Journal, ex- 
cept such parts as are above excepted, to lay before the leg- 
islature of the several states. 

Article X. The committee of the states, or any nine 
of them, shall be authorized to execute, in the recess of con- 
gress, such of the powers of congress as the United States in 
congress assembled, by the consent of nine states, shall from 
time to time think expedient to vest them with ; provided that 
no power be delegated to the said committee, for the exercise 
of which, by the articles of confederation, the voice of nine 
states in the congress of the United States assembled is re- 
quisite. 

Article XI. Canada acceding to this confederation, and 
joining in the measures of the United States, shall be admitted 
into, and entitled to all the advantages of this union; but no 
other colony shall be admitted into the same, unless such ad- 
mission be agreed to by nine states. 

Article XII. All bills of credit emitted, moneys borrowed 
and debts contracted by, or under the authority of congress, 
before the assembling of the United States, in pursuance of 
the present confederation, shall be deemed and considered as 
a charge against the United States, for payment and satisfac- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 25 



tion whereof the said United States, and the public faith are 
hereby solemnly pledged. 

Article XIII. Every state shall abide by the determina- 
tion of the United States in congress assembled, on all ques- 
tions which by this confederation are submitted to them. 
And the articles of this confederation shall be inviolably 
observed by every state, and the union shall be perpetual; 
nor shall any alteration at any time hereafter be made in any 
of them; unless such alteration be agreed to in a congress of 
the United States, and be afterwards confirmed by the legis- 
lature of every state. 

And whereas it hath pleased the Great Governor of the 
World to incline the hearts of the legislatures we respectively 
represent in congress, to approve of, and to authorize us to 
ratify the said articles of confederation and peroetual union. 
Kno.vr Ye that we the undersigned delegates, bv virtue of 
the power and authority to us given for that purpose, do by 
these presents, in the name and in behalf of our respective con- 
stituents, fully and entirely ratify and confirm each and every 
of the said articles of confederation and perpetual union, and 
all and singular the matters and things therein contained ; and 
we do further solemnly plisrht and engage the faith of our 
respective constituents, that they shall abide by the determina- 
tions of the United States in congress assembled, on all ques- 
tions, which by the said confederation are submitted to 
them; and that the articles thereof shall be inviolably ob- 
served by the states we respectively represent, and that the 
union shall be perpetual. 

In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands in 
Congress. Done at Philadelphia in the state of Pennsylvania 
the 9th day of July in the Year of our Lord, 1778, and in 
the 3d year of the Independence of America. 

On the part and behalf of the State of New Hampshire — 
Josiah Bartlett, John Wentworth, Jun. (August 8, 1778.) 

On the part and behalf of the State of Massachusetts Bay 
— John Hancock, Samuel Adams, Elbridge Gerry, Francis 
Dana, James Lovell, Samuel Holten. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations — William Ellery, Henry Marchant, 
John Collins. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Connecticut — Roger 
Sherman, Samuel Huntington, Oliver Wolcott, Titus Hosmer, 
Andrew Adam. 

On the part and behalf of the State of New York — Jas. 
Duane, Fras Lewis, William Duer, Gouvr Morris. 

On the part and behalf of the State of New Jersey — ^Jno. 
Witherspoon, Nathl Scudder. (Nov 26, 1778.) 



26 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

On the part and behalf of the State of Pennsylvania — Robt. 
Morris, Daniel Roberdeau, Jona Bayard Smith, William 
Clingan, Joseph Reed. (July 22nd, 1778.) 

On the part and behalf of the State of Delaware — Tho. 
M'Kean, (Feb. 12, 1779,) John Dickinson, (May 5, 1779.) 
Nicholas Van Dyke. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Maryland — ^John. 
Hanson, (March 1, 1781,) Daniel Carroll, (March 1, 1781.) 

On the part and behalf of the State of Virginia — Richard 
Henry Lee, John Bannister, Thomas Adams, Jno. Harvie. 
Francis Lightfoot Lee. . 

On the part and behalf of the State of North Carolina — 
John Penn, (July 21, 1778,) Corns. Harnett, Jno. Williams. 

On the part and behalf of the State of South Carolina — 
Henry Laurens,N William Henry Drayton, Jno. Mathews,. 
Richard Hutson, Thos. Heyward, Jun. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Georgia — ^Jno. Wal- 
ton, (July 24th, 1778,) Edwd. Telfair, Edwd. Langworthy. 



ORDINANCE OF 1787. 



AN ORDINANCE FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE 
TERRITORY OF THE UNITED STATES NORTH- 
WEST OF THE RIVER OHIO. 

In Congress, July 13, 1787. 

Be it ordained by the United States in Congress assembled, 
that the said territory, for the purposes cf temporary srovern- 
ment, be one district; subject, however, to be divided into 
two districts, as future circumstances may, in the opinion 
of Congress, make it expedient. 

Be it Ordained by the authority aforesaid, That the states 
both of resident and non-resident proprietors in the said Terri- 
tory dying* intestate, shall descend to and be distributed 
among their childen and the descendants of a deceased child 
in equal parts; the descendants of a deceased child or grand- 
child to take the share of their deceased parent in equal 
parts among them; and where there shall be no children or 
descendants, then in equal parts to the next of kin, in equal 
degree; and among collaterals, the children of a deceased 
brother or sister of the intestate shall have in equal parts 
among them their deceased parents* share; and there shall 
in no case be a distinction between kindred of the whole 
and half blood; saving in all cases to the widow of the in- 
testate her third part of the real estate for life, and one-third 
part of the personal estate: and this law relative to descents 
and dower shall remain in full force until altered by the 
legislature of the district. And until the governor and 
judges shall adopt laws as hereinafter mentioned, estates in 
the said Territory may be devised or bequeathed by wills in 
writing, signed and sealed by him or her in whom the estate 
may be, (being of full age,) and attested by three witnesses ; 
and real estate may be conveyed by lease and release or bar- 
gain and sale, signed, sealed, and delivered, by the person, 
being of full age, in whom the estate may be, and attested by 
two witnesses, provided such wills be duly proved, and such 
conveyances be acknowledged, or the execution thereof duly 
proved, and be recorded within one year after proper magis- 
trat.s, courts, and registers shall be appointed for that pur- 
pose; and personal property mav be transferred by delivery, 
saving, however, to the French and Canadian inhabitants, and 
other settlers of the Kaskaskies, Saint Vincent' j and the 
neighboring villages, which have heretofore professed them- 



28 LEGISLATIV1-: MANUAL 

selves citizens of Virginia, their laws and customs now in 
force among them relative to descent and conveyance of 
property. 

Be it ordained by the authority aforesaid, That there shall 
be appointed from time to time, by Congress, a governor, 
whose commission shall continue in force for the term of 
three years, unless sooner revoked by Congress; he shall re- 
side in the district, and have a freehold estate therein, in one 
thousand acres of land, while in the exercise of his office. 

There shall be appointed from time to time, by Congress, 
a secretary, whose commission shall continue in force for 
four years, unless sooner revoked ; he shall reside in the 
district and have a freehold estate therein, in five hundred 
acres of land, while in the exercise of his office. It shall be 
his duty to keep and preserve the acts and laws passed by the 
legislature, and the public records of the district, and the 
proceedings of the orovernor in his executive department, and 
transmit authentic copies of such acts and proceedings every 
six months to the secretary of Congress. These shall also 
be appointed a court to consist of three judges, anv two of 
whom to form a court, who shall have a common law juris- 
diction, and reside in the district, and have each therein a 
freehold estate in five hundred acres of land, while in the 
exercise of their offices ; and their commissions sh-U continue 
in force during good behavior. 

The governor and judges or a majority of them, shall 
adopt and publish in the district such laws of the original 
States, criminal and civil, as may be necessary and best 
suited to the circumstances of the district. an(! report them 
to Congress from time to time, which laws snail be in force 
in the district until the organization of the General Assembly 
therein, unless disanoroved by Congress; but afterwards 
the hpislature shall have authority to alter them as they shall 
think fit. 

The governor for the time being shall be commander-in- 
chief of the militia, appoint and commission all officers in the 
same below the rank of general officers; all general officers 
shall be appointed and commissioned by Congress. 

Previous to the organization of the General Assembly, the 
governor shall appoint such magistrates and other civil officers, 
in each county or township, as he shall find necessary for the 
preservation of the peace and good order in the same. After 
the General Assembly shall be organized, the powers and 
duties of magistrates and other civil officers shall be regulat- 
ed and defined by the said Assembly; but all magistrates and 
other civil officers, not herein otherwise directed, shall, dur- 
ing the continuance of this temporary government, be ap- 
pomted by the governor. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 29 



For the prevention of crimes and injuries, the laws to be 
adopted or made shall have force in all parts of the district, 
and for the execution of process, criminaland civil, the gov- 
ernor shall make proper divisions thereof; and he shall pro- 
ceed from time 'to time, as circumstances may require, to lay 
out the parts of the district in which the Indian titles shall 
have been extinguished into counties and townships, subject, 
however, to such alterations as may thereafter be made by 
the Legislature. 

So soon as there shall be five thousand free male inhab- 
itants, of full age, in the district; upon giving proof thereof to 
the governor, they shall receive authority, with time and 
place, to elect representatives from their counties or town- 
ships, to represent them in the General Assembly; provided 
that for every five hundred free male inhabitants, there shall 
be one representative, and so on progressively with the num- 
ber of free male inhabitants shall the right of representation 
increase, until the number of representatives shall amount to 
twenty-five, after which the number and proportion of rep- 
resentatives shall be regulated by the Legislature ; provided, 
that no person be eligible or qualified to act as a representative 
unless he shall have been a citizen of one of the United States 
three years, and be 3 resident in the district, or unless he 
shall have resided in the district three years, and in either case 
shall likewise hold in his own right, in fee-simple, two hun- 
dred acres of land within the same ; provided also that a free- 
hold of fifty acres of land in the district, having been a citizen 
of one of the States, and being resident in the district, or the 
like freehold and two years' residence in the district shall 
be necessary to qualify a man as an elector of a represent- 
ative. 

The representative thus elected shall serve for the term of 
two years, and, in case of the death of a representative, or re- 
moval from office, the o^overnor shall issue a writ to the 
county or township for which he was a member to elect 
another in his stead, to serve for the residue of the term. 

The General Assembly, or lep^islature, shall consist of the 
governor, legislative council, and a houst of representatives. 
The legislative council shall consist of five members, to con- 
tinue in office five years, unless sooner removed by Congress, 
any three of whom to be a quorum, and the members of the 
council shall be nominated and appointed in the following 
manner, to wit: As soon as representatives shall be elected, 
the governor shall appoint a time and place for them to meet 
together, and, when met, they shall nominate ten persons, 
residents in the district, and each possessed of a freehold 
in five hundred acres of land, and return their names to 
Congress; five of whom Congress shall appoint and com- 
mission to serve as aforesaid; and whenever a vacancy shall 



30 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



happen in the council, by death or removal from office, the 
house of representatives shall nominate two persons, qualified 
as aforesaid, for each vacancy, and return their names to 
Congress; one of whom congress shall appoint and com- 
mission for the residue of the term, and every five years, four 
months at least before the expiration of the time of service 
of the members of the council, the said house shall nominate 
ten persons, qualified as aforesaid, and return their names to 
Congress, five of whom /Congress shall appoint and commis- 
sion to serve as members of the council five years, unless 
sooner removed. And the governor, legislative council, and 
the house of representatives, shall have authority to make 
laws, in all cases for the good government of the district, 
not repugnant to the principles and articles in this ordinance 
established and declared. And all bills, having passed by a • 
majority in the house, and by a majority in the council, 
shall be referred to the governor for his assent; but no bill 
or legislative act whatever, shall be of any force without 
his assent. The governor shall have power to convene, pro- 
rogue and dissolve the General Assembly, when in his opinion 
it shall be expedient. 

The governor, judges, legislative council, secretary and 
such other officers as Congress shall appoint in the district 
shall take an oath or affirmation of fidelity and of office; the 
governor before the president of congress; and all other 
officers before the governor. As soon as a legislature shall be 
formed in the district, the council and house assembled, in one 
room, shall have authority, by joint ballot, to elect a delegate 
to Conp^ress, who shall have a seat in Congress, with a right 
of debatinfy. but not of voting during this temporary govern- 
ment. 

And for extending the fundamental principles of civil and 
religious liberty, which form the basis whereon these repub- 
lics, their laws, and constitutions are erected; to fix and 
-establish those principles as the basis of all laws: constitu- 
tions, and governments which forever hereafter shall be form- 
ed in the said Territory; to provide, also, for the establish- 
ment of States, and permanent government therein, and for. 
their admission to a share in the federal councils on an equal 
footing with the original States, at as early periods as may be 
consistent with the general interest: 

It is hereby ordained and declared, by the authority afore- 
said. That the following articles shall be considered as ar- 
ticles of compact, between the original States and the people 
and States in the said Territory, and forever remain un- 
alterable, unless by common consent, to wit: 

Art. 1. No person, demeaning himself in a peaceable and 
orderly manner, shall ever be molested on account of his mode 
of worship or religious sentiments, in the said Territory. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 31 



Art. 2. The inhabitants of the said Territory shall always 
be entitled to the benefits of the writ of habeas corpus, and 
of the trial by jury: of a proportionate representation of the 
people in the legislature, and of judicial proceedings accord- 
ing to the course of the common law. All persons shall be 
bailable, unless for capital offenses, where the proof shall 
be evident, or the presumption great. All fines shall be 
moderate, and no cruel or unusual punishments shall be in- 
flicted. No man shall be deprived of his liberty or property, 
but by the judgment of his peers, or the law of the land, and 
should the public exigencies make it necessary, for the com- 
mon preservation, to take any person's property, or to demand 
his particular services, full compensation shall be made for 
the same. And, in the just preservation of rights and prop- 
erty, it is understood and declared, that no law ought ever to 
be made, or have force in said territory, that shall, in any 
manner whatever, interfere with, or affect private contracts 
or engagements, bona fide, and without fraud, previously 
formed. 

Art. 3. Religion, morality, and knowledge, being necessary 
to good government, and tjje happiness of mankind, schools 
and the means of education shall forever be encouraged. 
The utmost good faith shall always be observed toward the 
Indians; their lands and property shall never be taken from 
them without their consent; and in their property rights, and 
liberty, they shall never be Invaded or disturbed, unless in 
j ust and lawful wars authorized by Congress ; but laws found- 
ed in justice and humanity shall from time to time, be made, 
for preventing wrongs being done to them, and for preserv- 
ing peace and friendsnip with them. 

Art. 4. The said territory, and the States which may be 
formed therein shall forever remain a part of this confederacy 
of the United States of /vmerica, subject to the Articies of 
Confederation, and to such alterations therein as shall be con- 
stitutionally mad*** and to all the acts and ordinances of the 
United States, in Cpneress assembled, conformable thereto. 
The inhabitants and settlers in the said territory shall be 
subject to pay a part of the federal debts, contracted or to be 
contracted, and a proportional part of the expenses of gov- 
ernment, to be apportioned on them by Congress, according 
to the same common rule and measure by which apportion- 
ments thereof shall be made on the other States ; and the 
taxes for paying their proportion shall be laid and levied by 
the authority and direction of the legislatures of the district or 
districts, or new States, as in the original States, within the 
time agreed upon by the United States, in Congress assem- 
bled. The legislatures of those districts, or new States, shall 
never interfere with the primary disposal of the soil by the 
United States in Congress assembled, nor with any regula- 



32 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



tions Congress may find necessary, for securing the title in 
such soil, to the bona fide purchasers. No tax shall be im- 
posed on lands, the property of the United States • and in no 
case shall non-resident proprietors be taxed higher than resi- 
dents. The navigable waters leading into the Mississippi and 
St. Lawrence, and the carrying: places between the same, shall 
be common highways, and forever free, as well as to the 
inhabitants of the said territory as to the citizens of the Unit- 
ed States, and those of any other States that may be admitted 
into the Confederacy, without any tax, impost, or duty there- 
for. 

Art. 5. There shall be formed in the said territory not less 
than three, nor more than five States; and the boundaries of 
the States, as soon as Virginia shall alter her act of cession, 
and consent to the same, shall become fixed and established 
as follows, to wit: the western State in the said territory, 
shall be bounded by the Mississippi, the Ohio, and Wabash 
rivers; a direct line drawn from the Wabash and Post Vin- 
cents, due north, to the territorial line between the United 
States and Canada; and by the said territorial line to the 
Lake of the Woods and Mississippi. The middle States shall 
be bounded by the said direct line, the Wabash, from Post 
Vincents to the Ohio, by the Ohio, by a direct line drawn due 
north from the mouth of the Great Miami to the said terri- 
torial line, and by the said territorial line. The eastern State 
shall be bounded by the last mentioned direct line, the Ohio, 
Pennsylvania, and the said territorial line: provided, how- 
ever, and it is further understood and declared, that the 
boundaries of these three States shall be subject so far to be 
altered; that if congress shall hereafter find it expedient, they 
shall have authority to form one or two States in that part 
of the said territory which lies north of an east and west line 
drawn through the southerly bend or extreme of Lake Michi- 
gan. And whenever any of the said States shall have sixty 
thousand free inhabitants therein, such State shall be ad- 
mitted by its delegates, into the Congress of the United 
States, on an equal footing with the original States, in all 
respects whatever; and shall be at liberty to form a perma- 
nent constitution and State government; provided the con- 
stitution and government, so to be formed, shall be republic- 
an, and in conformity to the principles contained in these 
articles; and, so far as can be consistent with the general 
interest of the Confederacy, such admissions shall be allow- 
ed at an earlier period, and when there may be a less num- 
ber of free inhabitants in the State than sixty thousand. 

Art. 6. There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary 
servitude in the said territory, otherwise than in the punish- 
ment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly con- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 33 



victed; provide*!, always, that any person escaping into the 
same, from whom labor or service is lawfuUv claimed in any 
one of the original states, such fugitive may be lawfully 
reclaimed, and conveyed to the person claiming his or her 
labor or services as aforesaid. 

Be it ordained by the authority aforesaid. That the reso- 
lutions of the 23d of April, 1784, relative to the subject of 
this ordinance, be, and the same is hereby, repealed, and 
declared null and void. 

Done by the United States, in Congress assembled, the 
13th day of July, in the year of our Lord 1787, and of their 
sovereignty and independence the 12th. 

CHARLES THOMSON, 

Secretary. 



—3- 



CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 

OF Ai'IERICA. 



rj^OT« — The constitution was adopted September 17, 1787, by 
the unanimous consent of the states present in the convwitioii ap- 
oointcd in pursuance of the resolution of the congress of the con- 
federation, of February 21, 1787, and was ratified by the con- 
ventions of the several states, as follows, viz: By convention of 
Delaware, December 7, 1787; Pennsylvania, December 12, 1787; 
New Jersey, December 18, 1787; Georgia, January 2, 1788; Con- 
necticut January 9, 1788; Massachusetts, February 6, 1788; Mary- 
land, April 28, 1788; South Carolina, May 23, 1788; New Hamp- 
shire, June 21, 1788; Virginia, June 26, 1788; New York, July 26, 
1788; North Carolina, November 21, 1789; Rhode Island, May 20, 1790. 

The first ten of the amendments were proposed at the first ses- 
sion of the first congress of the United States, September 25, 1789» 
and were finally ratincd by the constitutional number of states* 
December 15. 1701. 

The eleventh amendment was proposed at the first session of the 
third congress, March 5, 1794, and was declared in a message from 
the president of the United States to both houses of congress, dated 
January 8, 1798, to have been adopted by the constitutional number 
of states. 

The twelfth amendment was proposed at the first session of 
the eighth congress, December 12, 1803, and was adopted by the 
constitutional number of states in 1804, according to public notice 
thereof by the secretary of state, dated September 25, 1804. 

The thirteenth amendment was proposed at the second session 
of the thirty-eighth congress, February 1, 1865 and was adopted 
by the constitutional number of states in 1865, according to a public 
notice thereof by the secretary of state, dated December 18, 1865. 

The fourteenth amendment took effect July 28, 1868. 

The fifteenth amendment took effect March 30, 1870.] 

W<*, the people of the United States, in order to form a more 
perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquil- 
ity, provide for the common defense, promote the general 
welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves 
and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution 
for the United States of America. 

ARTICLE I. — The Congress. 

Section 1. All legislative powers herein granted, shall be 
vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall con- 
sist of a senate and house of representatives. 

Sec. 11. The house of representatives shall be composed 
of members chosen every second year by the people of the 
several states, and the electors in each state shall have the 
qualification requisite for electors of the most numerous 
branch of the state leprislature. 



STATE 01' NORTH DAKOTA 35 

No person shall be a representative who shall not have 
attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven 
years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, 
when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he 
shall be chosen. 

Representatives * (and direct taxes shall be apportioned 
among the several states which may be included within this 
Union, according to their respective numbers, which shall 
be determined by adding to the whole number of free per- 
sons, including those bound to service for a term of years, 
and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other 
persons.) The actual enumeration shall be made within 
three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the 
United States, and within every subsequent term of ten 
years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The 
number of representatives shall not exceed one for every 
thirty thousand, but each state shall have at least one 
representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, 
the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose 
three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence 
Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York six. New Jer- 
sey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, 
Virginia ten. North Carolina five. South Carolina five, and 
"Georgia three. 

When" vacancies happen in the representation from any 
state, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of 
•election to fill such vacancies. 

The house of representatives shall choose their speaker 
and other officers; and shall have the sole power of im- 
peachment. 

Sec. III. The senate of the United States shall be com- 
posed of two senators from each state, chosen by the legis- 
lature thereof, for six years ; and each senator snail have 
one vote. 

Immediately after thev shall be assembled in conse- 
<iuence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally, 
as may be into three classes. The seats of the senators of 
the first class shall be vacate^ at the expiration of the sec- 
ond year; of the second class at the expiration of the fourth 
year; and of the third class at the expiration of the sixth 
year, so that one-third may be chosen every second year; 
and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise dur- 
ing the recess of the legislature of any state, the executive 
thereof may make temporary appointments until the next 
meeting of the legislature, which shall then fill such vacan- 
cies. 



*The clause included in brackets is amcfnded by the fourteenth 
amendment. 



Vr ''-^ ^^* '^r *r-^7 j-tar^. ard 'ireea ttttp- years a :■: /. q i. q£ 
-v^ '.,.*.;* ,^ S*;*-/^^ 3r<^ "»'::c shall :mc- w^':=i eiecrsiL be ai 
^.^^^.«^;:^^* r/^ -;-3* state f.sr whrch ae^sha^ be dicseiL 

, -^ rA/t prt^derx of the Unired Scares s^iaH: be gr e &iJe i a 

/•/ -'-^ ^An^fi, "vr: shrill have rx. T'jjt, TJr'efr? they be eqaaHy 

7 ^^ v^at^ ^hall chco^c their ctbcr oecersw and aJso a 
^r^r-.^^.^x.t p-ro tirn-.pore, :-n the absence of the vice presi^ait, 
^^ -^h'^n he *ha^l exerdse the occc of the presid^aic of the 

'; oA v*r,^*A ^f^!" have ivit. sole power to try a!! nnpeacfe- 
Tr.An*^, V/h^r. %'.v.\^% for that prirpcse rhej shall be on 
^r-^^'-f ^f '4ff,rTr,My^rt, When the president of the United 
-/;fV^ ;<? fr;-^/! the chief jtistice shall preside; and no per- 
a/'/n ^h^j'i be (yvnvictcd without tne coocnrrencc of two- 
fh.r'-h ^/f the memhers preaent. 

}"'A%Tr,^r,t m ck^f^ of impcachrnent shall not extend 
f r'h^r ♦h?ir» to rerrioval frorn office, and disqualification to 
hoyl 'AT A trs'/fj Str.y ofhct of honor, tmst or profit nnder the 
^r,,*^d Sy*H*^A; btit the party convicted shall ncvcrtheiess 
V ; ;»%> Jind subject to mdictment, trial, judgment and 
p^n.r'r.Tfi^Tft ^rrr,rf\\rMt, to law. 

%ff. IV, 7h-* time*, places and manner of holding ckc- 
f/fTt^ if ft ^'^nator^ and representatives, shall be prescribed 
m (^pfh %fntf, \yy the legislature thereof; bat the Congress 
mi/ ^t any time by law make or alter sudi regulations, 
f-/r^pt H^ to the places of choosing senators. 

i h/» cf/nfiTt^^ shall assemble at least once in every year, 
;tri/1 ^'irh mffUn^ ^hall be on the first Monday in December, 
(inl/.5,<; fhfy <;ha)l l;y law appoint a different day. 

S'-^, V. P.ach house shall be the judge of the elections, 
rt-iiirti^ fiT)f\ qualifications of its own members, and a ma- 
]hrtfy of '•arh <thall constitute a quorum to do business; 
f/itt ft <imall^r number may adjourn from day to day, and 
may b^ aiithofized to compel the attendance of absent mem- 
}tfr%, w fftirh manner, and under such penalites as each 
hoM«;^ muy provide. 

f'arh hoime may determine the rules of its proceedinjars, 
punish it«« members for disorderly behavior and, with the 
ronnirrrnre of two-thirds, expel a member. 

i:arb hoii«»e shall keep a journal of its proceedinj^s, and 
from tltnc to time publish the same, excepting such parts 
««* may in their judprment require secrecy; and the yeas 
and nays of the members of either house on any question 
^liall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered 
on the jottrnal. 

Neither house during the session of congress, shall 
withotit the consent of the other, adjourn for more than 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 37 



three days, nor to any other place than that in which the 
two houses shall be sitting. 

Sec. VI. The senators and representatives shall receive 
a compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, 
and paid out of the treasury of the United States. They 
shall in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the 
peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance 
at the session of their respective houses, and in going to and 
returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in 
either house they shall not be questioned in any other 
place. 

No senator or representative shall, during the time for 
which he was elected, be apoointed to any civil office under 
the authority of the United States, which shall have been 
created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been in- 
creased during such time; and no person holding any office 
under the United States, shall be a member of either house 
during his continuance in office. 

Sec. VII. All bills for raising revenue shall originate ir 
the house of representatives; but the senate may propose 
or concur with amendments as on other bills. 

Every bill which shall have passed the house of represen- 
tatives and the senate, shall, before it become a law, be 
presented to the president of the United States; if he ap- 
prove, he shall sign it, but if not, he shall return it, with 
his objections, to that house in which it shall have origin- 
ated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, 
and proceed to reconsider it. If after such reconsideration 
two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass the bill, it shall 
be sent, together with the objections, to the other house, by 
which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by 
two-thirds of that house, it shall become a law. But in all 
such cases the votes of both houses shall be determined by 
yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and 
against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each 
house respectivelv. If any bill shall not be returned by 
the president within ten days (Sundavs excepted) after it 
shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law, 
in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the congress by 
their adjournment prevent its return, in which case it shall 
not be a law. 

Every order, resolution or vote to .which the concurrence 
of the senate and house of representatives may be neces- 
sary (except on a question of adjournment), shall be pre- 
sented to the president of the United States, and before the 
same shall take effect, shall be approved by him, or being 
disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two-thirds of the 
senate and house of representatives, according to the rules 
and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill. 



38 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Sec. VIII. The congress shall have the power: 

To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to 
pay the debts and provide for the common defense, and gen- 
eral welfare of the United States: but all duties, imposts 
and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States. 

To borrow money on the credit of the United States. 

To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among 
the several states, and with the Indian tribes. 

To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and uni- 
form laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the 
United States. 

To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign 
coin, and fix the standards of weights and measures. 

To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the se- 
curities and current coin of the United States. 

To establish post offices and post roads. 

To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by 
securing for limited times to authors and inventors the 
exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. 

To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court. 

To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on 
the high seas and offenses against the law of nations. 

To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and 
make rules concerning captures on land and water. 

To raise and support , armies, but no appropriation of 
money to that use shall be for a longer term than two 
years. 

To provide and maintain a navy. 

To make rules for the government and regulation of the 
land and naval forces. 

To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws 
of the union, suppress insurrections and repel invasions. 

To provide for organizing, arming and disciplining the 
militia, and for jroverninp^ such part of them as may be em- 
ployed in the serivce of the Unfted States, reserving to the 
states, respectively, the appointment of the officers and the 
authority of training the militia according to the discipline 
prescribed by congress. 

To exercise exclusive legislation, in all cases whatsoever, 
over such district, (not exceeding ten miles square), as may 
by cession of particular states, and the acceptance of . con- 
gress, become the seat of the government of the United 
States, and to exercise like authority over all places pur- 
chased by the consent of the legislature of the state in which 
the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, ar- 
senals, dockyards, and other needful buildings; and 

To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper 
for carrying into execution the foregoing powers and all 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA x 39 



Other powers vested by this constitution in the j?ovemment 
of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof. 

Sec. iX. The migration or importation of such persons 
as any of the states now existing shall think proper to ad- 
mit, shall not be prohibited by the congress orior to the 
year one thousand eight hundred and eieht, but a tax or 
duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding 
ten dollars for each person. 

The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be 
suspended unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion 
the public safety may require it. 

No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed. 

No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid unless in 
proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore di* 
rected to be taken. 

No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any 
state. 

No preference shall be given by any regulation of 
commerce or revenue to the ports of one state over those of 
another; nor shall vessels bound to, or from, one state, be 
obliged to enter, clear or pay duties in another. 

No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in con- 
sequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular 
statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of 
all public money shall be published from time to time. 

No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States; 
and no person holding any office of profit or trust under 
them, shall, without the consent of the congress, accept of 
any present, emolument, office, or title, of any kind what- 
ever, from any king, prince or foreign state. 

Sec. X. No state snail enter into any treaty, alliance, or 
confederation; grant letters of marque and reorisal; coin 
money; emit bills of credit; make any thing but gold and 
silver coin a tender in payment of debts ; pass any bill of 
attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation 
of contracts, or grant any title of nobility. 

No state shall without the consent of congress, lay any 
imposts, or duties on imports or exports, except what may 
be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws, 
and the net produce of all duties and imposts laid by any 
state on imports or exports, shall be for the use of the treas- 
nry of the United States: and all such laws shall be subject 
to the revision and control of the congress. 

No state shall, without the consent of the coneress, lay any 
duty on tonnage, keep troops, or ships of war in time 
of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with an- 
other state, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, un- 
less actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as 
will not admit of delay. 



40 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



ARTICLE IL— The Executive. 

Section I. The executive power shall be vested in a pres- 
ident of the United States of America. He shall hold his 
office during the term of four years, and, together with the 
vice president, chosen for the same term, be elected, as 
follows : 

Each state shall aopoint, in such manner as the legisla- 
ture thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the 
whole number of senators and representatives to which tne 
state may be entitled in the congress, but no senator or 
representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit 
under the United States, shall be appointed an elector. 

The congress may determine the time of choosing the 
electors, and the day on which they shall give their votes; 
which day shall be the same throughout the United States. 

No person except a natural bom citizen or a citizen of the 
United States at the time of the adoption of this constitu- 
tion shall be eligible to the office of president: neither shall 
any person be eligible to that office who shall not have at- 
tained to the age of thirty-five years, and been fourteen 
years a resident within the United States. 

In case of the removal of the president from office, or of 
his death, resignation, or inability to discharge the powers 
and duties of said office, the same shall devolve on the 
vice president; and the congress may. by law, provide for 
the case of removal, death, resignation or inability, both of 
the president and vice president, declaring what officer shall 
then act as president and such officer shall act accordingly 
until the disability be removed, or a president shall be 
elected. 

The president shall, at stated times, receive for his ser- 
vices a compensation, which shall neither be increased nor 
diminished during the period for which he shall have been 
elected and he shall not receive within that period any 
other emolument from the United States, or any of them. 

Before he enters on the execution of his office, he shall 
take the following oath or affirmation: 

"I do solemnly swear Cor affirm) that I will faithfully 
execute the office of president of the United States, and will 
to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the 
constitution of the United States." 

Sec. II. The president shall be commander-in-chief of 
the army and navy of the United States, and of the militia 
of the several states, when called into the actual service of 
the United States; he may require the oninion, in writing, 
• of the principal officer in each of the executive departments, 
upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective 
offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and par- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 41 



dons for offenses against the United States, except in cases 
of impeachment. 

He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent 
of the senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the 
senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and 
with the advice and consent of the senate, shall appoint 
ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, juds^es of 
the supreme court, and all other officers of the United 
States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise pro- 
vided for, and which shall be established by law; but the 
congress may By law vest the appointment of such inferior 
officers, as they think proper, in the president alone, in the 
courts of law; or in the heads of departments. 

The president shall have power to fill up all vacancies 
that may happen during the recess of the senate, by grant- 
ing commissions which shall expire at the end of their next 
session. 

Sec. III. He shall from time to time give to the congress 
information of the state of the union, and recommend to 
their consideration such measures as he shall judge neces- 
sary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, 
convene both houses, or either of them; and in case of dis- 
agreement between them, with respect to the time of ad- 
journmnt, he may adiourn them to such time as he shall 
think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other pub- 
lic ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully 
executed, and shall commission all the officers of the United 
States. 

Sec. IV. The president, vice president and all civil offi- 
cers of the United States, shall be removed from office on 
impeachment for, and conviction of, treason, bribery or 
other high crimes and misdemeanors. 

ARTICLE III.— The Judiciary. 

Section I. The judicial power of the United States shall 
"be vested in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts 
as the congress may from time to time ordain and establish. 
The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall 
hold their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated 
times, receive for their services, a compensation, which 
shall not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

Sec. II. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in 
law and equity, arising under this constitution, the laws of 
the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be 
made, under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassa- 
dors, other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of ad- 
Tniralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to 
"which the United States shall be a party; to controversies 
T)etween two or more states; between a state and citizens of 



42 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

another state; between citizens of different states; between 
citizens of the same state claiming lands under grants of 
different states, and between a state, the citizens there- 
of, and foreign states, citizens or subjects. 

In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers 
and consuls, and those in which a state shall be a party, the 
supreme court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the 
other cases before mentioned, the supreme court shall have 
appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such 
exceptions, and under such regulations as thp congress shall 
make. 

The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, 
shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the state 
where the said crime shall have been committed; but when 
not committed within any state, the trial shall be at such 
place or places as the congress may by law have directed. 

Sec. III. Treason against the United States shall consist 
only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their 
enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall 
be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two wit- 
nesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. 

The congress shall have power to declare the punishment 
of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work corrup- 
tion of blood, or forfeiture except during the life of the per- 
son attained. 

ARTICLE IV.— The States and Territories. 

Section I. Full faith and credit shall be given in each 
state, to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings- 
of every other state. And the congress may by general 
laws prescribe the manner in which such acts, records and 
proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof. 

Sec. II. The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all' 
privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states. 

A person charged in any state with treason, felony or 
other crime, who shall flee from justice and be found in an- 
other state, shall, on demand of the executive authority of 
the state from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed 
to the state having jurisdiction of the crime. 

No person held to service or labor in one state, under the 
laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence 
of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such 
service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the 
party to whom such service or labor may be due. 

Sec. III. New states may be admitted by the congress 
into this union; but no new state shall be formed or erected 
within the jurisdiction of any other state; nor any state be 
formed by the junction of two or more states, or parts of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 43 



States, without the consent of the legislatures of the states 
concerned as well ^s of the congress. 

The congress shall have power to dispose of and make all 
needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or 
other property belonging to the United States; and nothing 
in this constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice 
^ny claims of the United States, or of any particular state. 

Sec. IV. The United States shall guarantee to every state 
in this union a republican form of government, and shall 
protect each of them againsfr invasion; and on application 
of the legislature, or of the executive, (when the legislature 
cannot be convened) against domestic violence. 

ARTICLE v.— Amendments. 

The congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall 
deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this con- 
stitution, or, on the application of the legislatures of two- 
thirds of the several states, shall call a convention for pro- 
posing amendments, which in either case, shall be valid, to 
all intents and purposes, as part of this constitution, when 
ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several 
states, or by conventions in three- fourths thereof, as the 
one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by 
the congress; provided, that no amendment which may be 
niade prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and 
eight shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses 
in the ninth section of the first article; and that no state, 
without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage 
in the senate. 

ARTICLE VI. — Miscellaneous Business. 

All debts contracted and engagements entered into 
before the adoption of this constitution, shall be as 
valid against the United States under this constitution, as 
under the confederation. 

This constitution, and the laws of the United States 
which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties 
made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the 
United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and 
the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything 
in the constitution or laws of any state to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

The senators and representatives before mentioned, and 
the members of the several state legislatures, and all 
executive and judicial officers, both of the United States and 
of the several states, shall be bound by oath or affirmation, 
to support this constitution: but no religious* test shall 



u 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



ever be required as a qualification to any office or public 
trust under the United States. 

ARTICLE VII.— Ratification. 

The ratification of the conventions of nine states shall be 
sufficient for the establishment of this constitution between 
the states so rati^Mnty the same. 

Done in convention by the unanimous consent of the 
states present, the seventeenth day of Sentember, in the 
year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and 
eighty-seven, and of the ' independence of the United 
States of America, the twelfth. 
In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our 
names. 

Go: Washington, Presdt. 
And Deputy from Virginia. 



John Langdon. 



Nathaniel Gorham. 



Wm. Saml. Johnson. 



Alexander Hamilton. 



Wil : Livingston, 
David Brearley, 



B. Franklin, 
Tho: Fitzsimons, 
Robt. Morris, 
Thomas Mifflin, 



New Hampshire. 

Nicholas Gilman. 

Massachusetts. 

Rufus Xing'. 

. Connecticut. 

Roger Sherman. 

New York. 

New Jersey 

Wm. Patterson, 
Jona. Dayton. 

Pennsylvania. 

Geo: Clymer, 
Jared Ingersoll, 
James Wilson, 
Gouv: Morris. 



Delaware. 

Richard Bassett, 
Jaco. Broom. 



Geo. Read, 

Gunning Bedford, Jun., 

John Dickinson 

Maryland. 

Dan : of St. Thos. Jenifer, Daniel Carroll. 
James McHenry, 



STATE OP NORtH t)AKOTA 45. 

Vii'ginia. 
John Blair, James Madison, Jun. 

North Carolina. 

William 6lount, Hu. Williamson. 

Richard I>obbs Spaight, 

South Carolina. 

J. Rutledge, Charles Pinckney, 

Chas. Cotesworth Pinckney, Pierce Butler. 

Gei)rgia. 

William Few, Abr. Baldwin. 

Attest : William Jackson, Secretary. 



RATIFICATIONS OF THE CONSTITUTION. 

The constitution was adopted by a convention of the states^ 
September 17, 1787, and was subsequently ratified by the 
several state, in the following order, viz: 

Delaware, December 7, 1787. 
Pennsylvania, December 12, 1787. 
New Jersey, December 18, 1787. 
Georgia, January 2, 1788. 
Connecticut, January 9, 1788. 
Massachusetts, February 6, 1788. 
Maryland, April 28, 1788. 
South Carolina, May 23, 1788. 
New Hampshire, June 21, 1788. 
Virginia, June 26, 1788. 
New York, July 26. 1788. 
North Carolina, November 21, 1789. 
Rhode Island. May 29, 1790. 

The state of Vermont by convention, ratified the consti- 
tution on the 10th of January, 1791, and was, by an act of con- 
gress of the 18th of February, 1791, "received and admitted 
into this union as a new and entire member of the United 
States of America." 



46 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION 

ARTICLE L 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment 
of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or 
abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the 
right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition 
the government for a redress of grievances. 

ARTICLE IL 

A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security 
of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear 
arms shall not be infringed. 

ARTICLE IIL 

No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any 
house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of 
war but in a manner prescribed by law. 

ARTICLE IV. 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches 
and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall 
issue, but upon probable cause, supoorted by oath or affirm- 
ation, and particularly describing the place to be searched 
and the persons or things to be seized. 

ARTICLE V. 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or other- 
wise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indict- 
ment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or 
naval forces or in the militia, when in actual service in 
time of war or public danger, nor shall any person be sub- 
ject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life 
or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be 
a witness against himself, noi- be deprived of life, liberty 
or property, without due process of law; nor shall private 
property be taken for public use without just compensation. 

ARTICLE VI. 

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the 
right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury of 
the state and district wherein the crime shall have been 
committed, which district shall have been previously ascer- 
tained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause 
of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 47 



against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining wit- 
nesses in his favor; and to have the assistance of counsel 
for his defense. 

ARTICLE VII. 

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy 
shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall 
be preserved; and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise 
re-examined in any court of the United States, than accord- 
ing to the rules of the common law. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

Excessive bail shall not- be required, nor excessive fines 
imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 

ARTICLE IX. 

The enumeration in the constitution of certain rights, 
shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained 
by the people. 

ARTICLE X. 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the 
constitution nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved 
to the states respectively, or to the people. 

ARTICLE XL 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be con- 
strued to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced 
or nrosecuted against one of the United States by citizens 
of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign 
state. 

ARTICLE XIT. 

The electors shall meet in their respective states, and 
vote by ballot for president and vice president, one of 
whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same 
state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the 
person voted for as president; and in distinct ballots the 
person voted for as vice president; and they shall make 
distinct lists of all persons voted for as president, and of 
all persons voted for as vice president, and of the number 
of votes for each; which lists they shall sign and certify, 
and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of 
"the United States, directed to the president of the 
senate. The president of the senate shall in the 
presence of the senate and house of representatives, 
open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be 



46 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION 
ARTICLE I. 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment 
of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or 
abridging the freedom of speech, or of Ihe press ; or the 
right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition 
the government for a redress of grievances. 
ARTICLE 11. 



No pi 
wise in 
ment ol 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



against him ; to have cotapalsoTj process for obtaining wit- 
nesses in his favor; and to have the assistance of coonsel 
for his defensc- 

ARTICLE VII. 

In suits at comm<Ki law, where ihe value in controveray 
shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shaU 
be preserved; and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise 
Te-exaiuined in any court of the United Sta;«s. than accord- 
ing to the mles of the c 



ARTICLE VIII. 
Excessive bail shall net be required. 



46 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION 

ARTICLE I. 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment 
of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or 
abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the 
right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition 
the government for a redress of grievances. 

ARTICLE IL 

A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security 
of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear 
arms shall not be infringed. 

ARTICLE III. 

No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any 
house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of 
war but in a manner prescribed by law. 

ARTICLE IV. 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches 
and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall 
issue, but upon probable cause, supoorted by oath or affirm- 
ation, and particularly describing the place to be searched 
and the persons or things to be seized. 

ARTICLE V. 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or other- 
wise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indict- 
ment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or 
naval forces or in the militia, when in actual service in 
time of war or public danger, nor shall any person be sub- 
ject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life 
or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be 
a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty 
or property, without due process of law; nor shall private 
property be taken for public use without just compensation. 

ARTICLE VI. 

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the 
right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury of 
the state and district wherein the crime shall have been 
committed, which district shall have been previously ascer- 

to be informed of the nature and cause 
to be confronted with the witnesses 




STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 47 



against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining wit- 
nesses in his favor; and to have the assistance of counsel 
for his defense. 

ARTICLE VII. 

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy 
shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall 
be preserved; and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise 
re-examined in any court of the United States, than accord- 
ing to the rules of the common law. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines 
imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 

ARTICLE IX. 

The enumeration in the constitution of certain rights, 
shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained 
by the people. 

ARTICLE X. 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the 
constitution nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved 
to the states respectively, or to the people. 

ARTICLE XL 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be con- 
strued to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced 
or nrosecuted against one of the United States by citizens 
of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign 
state. 

ARTICLE XII. 

The electors shall meet in their respective states, and 
vote by ballot for president and vice president, one of 
whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same 
state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the 
person voted for as president; and in distinct ballots the 
person voted for as vice president; and they shall make 
distinct lists of all persons voted for as president, and of 
all persons voted for as vice .president, and of the number 
of votes for each; which lists they shall sign and certify, 
and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of 
"the United States, directed to the president of the 
senate. The president of the senate shall in the 
presence of the senate and house of representatives, 
open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be 



48 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



counted. The person having the greatest number of votes 
for president shall be the president, if such number be a 
majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if 
no person have such majority, then from the persons hav- 
ing the highest numbers, not exceeding three on the list of 
those voted for as president, the house of representatives 
shall choose immediately, by ballot, the president. But in 
choosing the president, the votes shall be taken by states, 
the representation from each state having one vote; a 
quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or mem- 
bers from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the 
states shall be necessary to a choice. And if the house of 
representatives shall not choose a president whenever the 
right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth 
day of March next following, then the vice president shall 
act as president, as in the case of the death or other constitu- 
tional disability of the president. The person having 
the greatest number of votes as vice president shall be the 
vice president, if such number be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed; and if no person have a ma- 
jority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the 
senate shall choose the vice president. A quorum for the 
purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of 
senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be 
necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally in- 
eligible to the office of president shall be eligible to that of 
vice president of the United States. 

ARTICLE XIII. 

Section I. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, ex- 
cept as a punishrtient for crime, whereof the party shall 
have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United 
States, or any place subiect (o their jurisdiction. 

Sec. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article 
by appropriate legislation. 

ARTICLE XIV. 

Section 1" All persons born or naturalized in the United 
States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens 
of the United States, and of the state wherein they reside. 
No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge 
the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United 
States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, lib- 
erty, or property, without due process of law, nor deny to 
any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection o^ 
the laws. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 49 



Sec. 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the 
several states accordine to their respective numbers, count- 
ing the whole number of persons in each state, excluding 
Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any elec- 
tion for the choice of electors for president and vice presi- 
dent of the United States, representatives in congress, the 
executive and judicial officers of a state, or the members of 
the legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhab- 
itants of such state, being twenty-one years of age, and citi- 
zens of the United States, or in any way abridc^ed, except 
for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of 
representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion 
which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the 
whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in 
such state. 

Sec. 3. No person shall be a senator or representative in 
congress or elector of president and vice president, or hold 
any office, civil or military, under the United States, or 
under any state, who, havincr previously taken an oath, as 
a ir ember of congress or as an officer of the United States, 
or jis a member of any state legislature, or as an executive 
or judicial officer of any state, to support the constitution of 
the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection, or re- 
bellion against the sam^, or given aid or comfort to the ene- 
mies thereof. But congress may by a i^ote of two-thirds of 
each house, remove such disability. 

Sec. 4. The validity of the public debt of the United 
States, autnorized by law, including debts incurred for 
payment of pensions and bounties for services, in sun- 
pressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. 
But neither the United States nor any state shall assume or 
pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or 
rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss 
or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obliga- 
tions and claims shall be held illegal and void. 

Sec. 5. The congress shall have power to enforce by ap- 
propriate legislation, the provisions of this article. 

ARTICLE XV. 

Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to 
vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States 
or by any state, on account of race, color, or previous con- 
dition of servitude. 

Sec. 2. The congress shall have power to enforce this 
article by appropriate legislation. 



—4 



50 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

RATIFICATIONS OF THE AMENDMENTS TO THE 

CONSTITUTION. 

The first ten of the preceding articles of amendment (with 
two others which were not ratified by the requisite number 
of states) were submitted to the several state legislatures 
by a resolution of congress which passed on the 25th of 
September, 1789, at the first session of the first congress, and 
were ratified by the legislatures of the following states: 

New Jersey, November 20, 1789. 

Maryland, December 19, 1789. 

North Carolina, December 22, 1789. 

•South Carolina, January 19, 1790. 

New Hampshire, January 25, 1790. 

Delaware, January 28, 1790. 

Pennsylvania, March 10, 1790. 

New York, March 27, 1790. 

Rhode Island, June 15, 1790. 

Vermont, November 3, 1791. 

Virginia, December 15, 1791. 

The acts of the legislatures of the states ratifying these 
amendments were transmitted by the governors to the pres- 
ident, and by him communicated to congress. The legislatures 
of Massachusetts, Connecticut and Georgia do not appear by 
the record to have ratified them. 

The eleventh article was submitted to the legislatures of 
the several states by a resolution of congress passed on the 
5th day of March, 1794, at the first session of the third 
congress, and on the 8th of January, 1798, at the second 
session of the fifth congress, it was declared by the pres- 
ident, in a message to the two houses of congress, to have 
been^ adopted by the legislatures of three-fourths of the 
states, there being at that time sixteen states in the union. 

The twelfth article was submitted to the legislatures of the 
several states, there being then seventeen states, by a resolu- 
tion of congress passed on the 12th of December, 1803, at the 
first session of the eighth congress, and was ratified by the 
legislatures of three-fourths of the states in 1804, according 
to a proclamation of the secretary of state dated the 25th 
of September, 1804. 

The thirteenth article was submitted to the legislatures of. 
the several states, there being then thirty-six states, by a 
resolution of congress passed on the first of February, 1865, at 
the second session of the thirty-eighth congress, and was 
ratified, according to a proclamation of the secretary of state, 
dated December 18, 1865, by the legislatures of the follow- 
ing states: 

Illinois, February 1, 1865. 

Rhqde Island. February 2. 1865. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 51 



Michigan, February 2, 1865. 

Maryland, February 3, 1865. 

New York, February 3, 1865. 

West Virginia, February 3, 1865. 

Maine, February 7, 1865. 

Kansas, February 7, 1865. 

Massachusetts, February 8, 1865. 

Pennsylvania, February 8, 1865. 

Virginia, February 9, 1865. 

Ohio, February 10, 1865. 

Missouri, February 10, 1865. 

Indiana, February 16, 1865. 

Nevada, February 16, 1865. 

Louisiana, February 17, 1865. 

Minnesota, February 23, 1865. 

Wisconsin, March 1, 1865. 

Vermont, March 9, 1865. 

Tennessee, April 7, 1865. 

Arkansas, April 20, 1865. 

Connecticut, May 5, 1865. 

New Hampshire, July 1.. 1865. 

South Carolina, November 13, 1865. 

Alabama, December 2, 1865. 

North Carolina, December 4, 1865. 

Georgia, December 9, 1865. 

The foUowinflf states not enumerated in the proclamation 
of the secretary of state also ratified this amendment: 

Oregon. December 11, 1866. 

California, December 20, 1865. 

Florida, December 28, 1865. 

New Jersey, January 23, 1866. 

Iowa, January 24, 1866. 

Texas, February 18, 1870. 

The fourteenth article was. submitted to the legislatures 
of the several states, there being then thirty-seven states, by 
a resolution of congress passed on the 16th day of June, 1866, 
at the first session of the thirty-ninth congress, and was rati- 
fied, according to a proclamation of the secretary of state, 
dated Julv 28, 1868, by the legislatures of the following 
states : 

Connecticut, June 30, 1866. 

New Hampshire, July 7, 1866. 

Tennessee, July 9, 1866. 

♦New Jersey, September 11, 1866. 

**Oregon, September 19, 1866. 

Vermont, November 9, 1866. 

New York, January lO. 1867. 



*Ncw Jersc}^ withdrew her consent to the ratification in April, 1868. 
••Oregon withdrew her consent to the ratification October 15," 1868. 



52 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



*Ohfo, January 11, 1867. 

Illinois, Jaunary 15, 1867. 

West Virginia, January 16, 1867. 

Kansas, January 18, 1867. 

Maine, January 19, 1867. 

Nevada, January 22, 1867. 

Missouri, January 26, 1867. 

Indiana, January 29, 1867. 

Minnesota, February 1, 1867. 

Rhode Island, February 7, 1867. 

Wisconsin, February 13, 1867. 

Pennsylvania, February 13, 1867. 

Michigan, February 15, 1867. 

Massachusetts, March 20, 1867. 

Nebraska, June 15, 1867. 

Iowa, April 3, 1867. 

Arkansas, April 6, 1867. 

Florida, June 9, 1868. 

♦♦North Carolina, July 4, 1868. 

Louisiana, July 9, 1868. 

♦♦South Carolina, July 9, 1868. 

Alabama, July 13, 1868. 

♦♦Georgia, July 21, 1868. 

♦♦The state of Virginia ratified this amendment on the 
8th of October, 1869, subsequent to the date of the procla- 
mation of the secretary of state. 

The states of Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and Texas 
rejected the amendment. 

The fifteenth article was submitted to the legislatures of 
the several states, there being then thirty-seven states, by 
a resolution of congress passed on the 27th of February, 1869, 
at the first session of the forty-first congress ; and was ratified 
according to a proclamation of the secretary of state dated 
March 30, 1870, bv the legislatures of the following states: 

Nevada, March 1. 1869. 

West Virginia, March 3, 1869. 

North Carolina, March 5, 1869. 

Louisiana. March 5, 1869. 

Illinois, March 5, 1869. 

Michigan March 8, 1869. 

Wisconsin, March 9, 1869. 

Massachusetts, March 12, 1869. 

Maine, March 12, 1869. 

South Carolina, March 16, 1869. 

Pennsylvania, March 26, 1869. 



•Ohio withdrew her consent to the ratification in January, 1868. 
**North^ Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Virginia had pre- 



viously rejected the amendment. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 53 



Arkansas, March 30, 1869. 

♦New York, April 14, 1869. 

Indiana, May 14, 1869. 

Connecticut, May 19. 1869. 

Florida, June 15, 1869. 

New Hampshire, July 7, 1869. 

Virginia, October 8, 1869. 

Vermont, October 21, 1869. 

Alabama, November 24, 1869. 

Missouri, January 10, 1870. 

Mississippi, January 17, 1870. 

Rhode Island, January 18, 1870. 

Kansas, January 19, 1870. 

*Ohio, January 27, 1870. 

Georgia, February 2, 1870. 

Iowa, February 3, 1870. 

Nebraska. February 17, 1870. 

Texas, February 18, 1870. 

Minnesota, February 19, 1870. 

**The state of New Jersey ratified this amendent on the 
21st of February, 1871, subsequent to the date of the pro- 
clamation of the secretary of state. 

The states of California, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, 
Oregon and Tennessee rejected this amendment. 



*New York withdrew her consent to the ratification January 5, 1870. 
*Ohio had previously rejected the amendment May 4, 1869. 
**New Jersey had previously rejected the amendment. 



HISTORICAL. 



Dakota is an Indian name and signifies "confederated" 
or "leagued together," and applied originally to the Sioux 
confederation of Indians. The present state of North Da^ 
kota, together with that of South Dakota, was a part of the 
territory purchased in 1803 of France by President Thomas 
Jefferson for the sum of fifteen million dollars and the 
assumption of certain claims held by citizens of the United 
States against France, which made the purchase amount 
to twenty-seven milion two hundred and sixty-seven thou- 
sand and six hundred and twenty-one dollars and ninety- 
eight cents ($27,267,621.98), and was known as the Loui- 
siana purchase. 

October 1, 1803, that part of the new purchase lying south 
of Arkansas was formed into the "Territory of Orleans;" 
the remaining portion, which includes the states of Arkan- 
sas, Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota, Kansas, Nebraska, part of 
Colorado, North and South Dakota, the Indian Territory 
and a part of Wyoming was formed into the district of 
Louisiana, and the governing power was vested in a gov- 
ernor and judge of what was then known as the Indian Ter- 
ritory. President Jefferson having great confidence in the 
future greatness of the west, sent in 1804, an exoloring ex- 
pedition in charge of Captains Lewis and Qark, who were 
the first to traverse the entire length of the Missouri river, 
and in 1804-5-6 gave the world the first general account 
of Dakota. Lewis and Clark camped the first winter in 
latitude 47 degrees, 21 minutes, 23 seconds — among the 
Mandan Indians, at Fort Mandan, which was some twelve or 
fifteen miles above Washburn in McLean county. 

The first mention of the country west of the great lakes 
was made by Nicollet, sent out by the French authorities 
at Quebec in 1639. Nicollet called the inhabitants Nad- 
suessioux, which was abbreviated into Sioux by the later 
French explorers. The Sioux were warlike and the enemy 
of all other tribes, hence the name Sioux, or enemy. 

July 1, 1805, congress designated the District of Louisiana 
as the territory of the same name, and placed the legisla- 
tive power in the hands of a governor and three judges 
named by the president and confirmed by the senate of 
the United States. December 7, 1812, the name of the 
territory was changed to "Territory of Missouri," and lim- 
ited power was granted the people residing therein to elect 
a legislative body. June 28, 1834, congress created the ter- 
ritory of Michigan, which included that part of Dakota, 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 55 

North and South, lying east of the Missouri and W^^^® 
Earth rivers, and including the present states of Michigan, 
Wisconsin, Iowa and Minnesota. The territory of Wiscon- 
sin was established July 3, 1836, and included that part of 
the state of North Dakota lying east of the Missouri and 
White Earth rivers. June 12, 1838, the territory of Iowa 
was organized, includincr part of the present state of North 
Dakota; March 3, 1849, the territory of Minnesota was 
established, which covered that part of the state of North 
Dakota lying east of the Missouri river; May 30, 1854, the 
territory of Nebraska was organized and that part of the 
states of North and South Dakota lying west of the Mis- 
souri and White Earth rivers and which previous to 
that time had been known as "Mandan Territorv" was in- 
cluded in Nebraska Territory. 

Minnesota became a state on the 11th day of May, 1858; 
from that date' until the second day of March, 1861, all that 
part of both North and South Dakota east of the Missouri 
and White Earth rivers was without legal name or exist- 
ence. 

The bill incorporating the present states of North and 
South Dakota as Dakota Territory was signed by President 
Buchanan on March 2, 1861. On May 27th thereafter 
President Lincoln appointed as the first frovernor of Dakota 
Territory Dr. William Jayne, of Springfield, 111. Dr. Jayne 
had been a young man who grew up as a physician while 
Lincoln was developing as a lawyer in Springfield, the 
then new capital of Illinois, and a close personal friendship 
had existed between the two until Lincoln had become 
president of the United States; and in recognition of the 
friendship of his earlier days he appointed Dr. Jayne as 
the first governor of what was then to his mind the most 
promising territory yet organized. 

The employes of various fur companies were the first 
white settlers of this territory of Dakota. As early as 1808 
the government established Fort Clark on the Missouri 
at the mouth of the Knife river — a t>oint about seven miles 
up the river from where Lewis and Clark had in 1804-5 spent 
the winter and established what they called Fort Mandan. 
In 1811 Lord Selkirk built a fort at Pembina on the Red 
river a short distance below the international boundary 
line. Fort Pierre was built in 1829 and the first steamer 
ascended the Missouri river in 1830. In 1839 Cren. John C. 
Fremont crossed over the countrv from the Missouri to the 
James rivers thence across the country to Devils Lake. 
Catlin, the famous Indian painter, whose collection, the 
largest in the world, of oictures of noted Indian chiefs — 
now owned by the government and on exhibit in the 
national museum at Washington — traveled over the coun- 



56 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



try in 1841. A majority of these pictures were painted 
from sittings in life. Captain Pope's map of a trip to the 
Red River in 1849, and which is now on file in the war de- 
partment at Washington, designates all the country around 
Devils Lake as a "Salt water reeion," and Lieutenant War- 
ren, who explored the "Dacouta" country under the direc- 
tion of the pfovernment in 1855 said the territory was occu« 
pied by powerful tribes of roving savages and "is only 
adapted to a mode of life like theirs." 

Gov. William Tayne arrived at Yankton, "which was desig- 
nated in the act om^anizing the territory of Dakota, as the 
territorial capital, on May 27, 1861, and proceeded to the 
organization of a territorial government. Yankton re- 
mained the canital from that date until the 2nd day of 
June, 1883, when it was removed from Yankton to Bis- 
marck, which remained the territorial capital 'mtil the for- 
mation of the states of North and South Dakota. The ter- 
ritorial legislature passed an act in 1883 providing for the 
removal of the territorial capital from Yankton to a point 
designated by the commissioners appointed for the location of 
the new capital. The following persons were appointed as 
such commissioners, viz: Alexander McKenzie, Milo W. 
Scott, Burleigh F. Spalding, Charles H. Myers, George A. 
Matthews, Alexander Hughes, Henry H. DeLong, John P. 
Belding and M. D. Thompson. The capital commission at 
a session held in the city of FarQ:o, on the 2nd day of June, 
1883, located the territorial capital at Bismarck. The act 
provided that $100,000 and 160 acres of land should be 
donated to the state for capital purposes as *> condition of 
the location of the seat of government. The citizens of Bis- 
marck by voluntary subscription contributed $100,000 in cash 
and 320 acres of land. 

A bill known as the "omnibus bill" and which was an 
act dividine the territory of Dakota into the states of North 
and South Dakota, and enabling the two Dakotas, Montana 
and Washington to formulate constitutions, was approved 
February 22, 1889, and a constitutional convention was 
held at Bismarck, beerinning July 4, 1889. A constitution 
was formulated and submitted to a vote of the neople of 
the state of North Dakota at an election called for that 
purpose, and to elect state officers. October 1, 1889. There 
were 27,440 votes cast for and 8,107 against the adoption 
of the constitution. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



57 



TERRITORIAL AND LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS 



FROM THE 



Organization of Dakota Teritory, 1861. 



TERRITORIAL OFFICERS. 



Delegates to Congress. 

In its twenty-eight years of existence as a territory, there were 
delegates to congress as follows: 

J. B. S. Todd 1862-64 G. (j. Bennett 1879-81 

W. R. Burleigh 1864-69 R. F. Pettigrew 1881-83 

S. L. Spink 1869-71 J. B. Raymond 1883-85 

M. K. Armstrong 1871-76 Oscar S. Gifford 1885-88 

J. P. Kidder 1876-79 Geo. A. Mathews •.»«3'89 

Note. — Geo. A. Mathews was elected delegate to congress in Novem- 
ber, 1888, his term to commence March 4, 1889. Congress did 
not convene until December following. Before that time statehood 
bad been accomplished and he was therefore never sworn in. 

Governors. 



William Javne 1861-63 

Newton Edmunds 1863-66 

Andrew J. Faulk 1866-69 

John A. Burbank 1869-74 

John L. Pennington 1874-78 



••William A. Howard ...1878-80 
Nehemiah G. Ordway ...1880-84 

Gilbert A. Pierce 1884-87 

Louis K. Church 1887-89 

Arthur C. Melette 1889 



Secretaries. 



John Hutchinson 1861-66 

S. L. Spink 1866-69 

T. M. Wilkins 1869-70 

G. A, Batcheldcr 1870-72 

*E. S. McCook 1872-73 



Oscar Whitney 1873-74 

Geo. H. Hand 1874-83 

J. M. Teller 1883-86 

Michael L. McCormack . . . 1886-89 
L. B. Richardson 1889 



Chief Justices. 



Philemon Bliss 1861-64 

Ara Bartlett 1866-69 

George W, French 1869-73 



Peter C. Shannon 1873-81 

A. J. Edgerton 1881-85 

Bartlett Tripp 1885-89 



•Assassinated in office September, 1873, by Peter P. Wintermute. 
••Died in office, April 10, 1880. 



58 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Associate Justices. 



S. P. Williston 1861-65 

J. S. Williams 1861-64 

Ara Bartlett 1864-65 

W. E. Gleason 1865-66 

T. P. Kidder 1865-75 

J. W. Boyle 1864-69 

W. W. Brookings 1869-73 

A. H. Barnes 1873-81 

G. G. Bennett 1875-79 

G. C. Moody 1878-83 

(b) T. P. Kidder 1878-83 

C. $. Palmer ....1883-87 

S. A. Hudson 1881-85 



(c) W. E. Church 1883-86 

(c) Louis K. Church 1885-87 

(a) Seward Smith 1884-84 

W. H. Francis 1884-8* 

John E. Garland 1887-89 

Wm. B. McConncll 1885-88 

Charles M. Thomas 1886-8^ 

fames Spencer 1887-89 

Roderick Rose 1888-89- 

C. F. Templeton 1888-89 

L. W. Crofoot 1888-89- 

Frank R. Aikens 1889 



United States Attorneys, 



Wm. E. Gleason 1861-64 

George H. Hand 1866-69 

(b) Warren Coles 1869-73 

(b) William Pound 1873-77 



Hugh L Campbell 1877-8S 

John E. Garland 1885-88 

Wm. E. Purcell 1888-89- 

John Murphy 1889 



United States Marshals. 



Wm. F. Schaflfer 1861-61 

G. M. Pinney 1861-65 

L. H. Litchfield 1865-72 

J. H. Burdick 1872-77 



J. B. Raymond 1877-81 

Harrison Allen 1881-85> 

Darfiel W. Marratta 1885-89- 



Surveyors General. 



Geo. D. Hill 1861-65 

Wm. Tripp 1865-69 

W. H. H. Beadle 1869-73 

Wm. P. Dewey 1873-77 



Henry Experson 1877-81 

Cortez Fcssendcn 1881-85- 

Maris Taylor 1885-89- 

B. H. Sullivan 1889 



Attorneys General. 



Alexander Hughes 1883-84 

Geo. H. Rice 1884-86 

Geo. S. Engle 1886 



Charles F. Templeton ...1887-88' 

Tristam Skinner 1889 

Johnson Nickeus 1889 



Auditors. 



L. M. Purdy 1881-82 

Geo. L. Ordway 1883-84 

E. W. Caldwell 1885-86 



Tames A. Ward 1887-88- 

J. C. McNamara 1889 



Treasurers. 



T. 



O. Taylor 1863-64 

K. Armstrong 1865-68 

K. Hovey 1869-70 

— . — . Sherman 1871-74 

John Clementson 1875-77 

(a) Suspended — went insane. 

(b) Died in office. 

(c) Resigned. 



W. H. McVay 1878-8$ 

W. Raymond 1883-87 

D. Lawler 1887-8a 

08. Bailey 1889 



V 

I 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



59 



Superintendents of Public Instruction, 



James S. Foster (ex-ocffik))1864-«8 
T. McKendrick Stuart ..1869 

Tames S. Foster 1869-70 

J. W. Turner 1870-71 

E. W. Miller 1872-74 

J. J. Mclntyre 1876-76 



W. E. Caton 1877-78 

W. H. H. Beadle 1879-85 

A. Sheridan Jones 1885-87 

Eugene A. Dye 1887-89 

Leonard A. Rose 1889 



Commissioners of Railroads. 



Wm. M. Evens, chairman . . 1886 

Alexander Griggs 1886 

W. H. McVay 1886 

Alexander Griggs, chairman 1887 

A. Boynton 1887 

N. T. Smith 1887 



Judson LaMoure, chairman .1880 

John H. King 1880 

Harvey J. Rice 1880 



THE LEGISLATURE. 



First Session — 1862. 

The members of the first territorial assembly were elected Sept. 
16, 1861. The assembly convened at Yankton, March 17, 1862, and 
continued in. session until May 15. The membership was as follows: 

Council, 



H. D. Bette, 
J. W. Boyle, 
D. T. Bramble. 



John H. Shober, P-csident. 

W. W. Brookings, J. S. Gregory, 
A. Cole, Enos Stutsman. 

Jacob Deuel, 

House. 



Geo. M. Pinney, Speaker. 

Moses K, Armstrong, Christopher Maloney, Huorh S. Donaldson, 

Lyman Burgess, A. W. Puett, Reuben Wallace. 

J. A. Jacobson, John Stana^e, George P. Waldron, 

ohn C. McBride, John L. Tiernon, B. E. Wood. 



Second Session — 1862-3. 

The second session convened at Yankton, Dec. 1, 1862, and continued 
in session until Jan. 9, 1863. The membership was as follows: 



W. W. Brookings, 
Austin Cole, 
John W. Boyle, 



Council. 

Enos Stutsman, President. 

Jacob Deuel, T. H. Schobcr. 

D. T. Bramble, T. Shaw Gregory, 

J. McFetridge, H. D. Betts. 



^ 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



M. K. Armstrong, 
L. Bothum , 
J. Y. Buckman, 
H. S. " " 



House. 

*A. J. Harlan, Speaker. 

Edward Gifford, Knud Larson, 

T. A. Jacobson, F. D. Pease, 

K. M. Johnson, A. W. Puett. 

G. P. Waldron, N. J. Wallace. 



Donaldson, 
M. H. Somers, 

•Resigned December 16th, and succeeded by M. K. Armstrong. 

Third Session— 1863-4. 

The third session convened at Yankton, Dec. 7, 1863, and con- 
tinued to Jan. 15, 1864. It had the following members: 

Council. 



J. M. Stone, 
G. W. Kingsbury, 
T. O. Taylor, 
M. M. Rich, 



H. Burgess, 
Ole Bottolfson, 
E. M. Bond, 
Wm. Shriner, 
G. W. Pratt, 
John Lawrence, 
Henry Brooks, 



Enos Stutsman, President. 

John Mathers, D. P. Bradford, 

Lasse Bothun, J. Shaw Gregory, 

Hugh Compton, John J. Thompson, 
Franklin Taylor , 



House. 

A. W. Puett, Speaker. 

L. H. Litchfield, 
W. W. Brookings, 
Knud Larson , 
Washington Reed, 
P. H. Risling, 
E. W. Wall, 
Jessy Wherry, 



Peter Keeean, 
N. G. Curtis, 
Asa Mattison , 
B. A. Hill, 
Duncan Rose , 
Albert Gore. 



Fourth Session — 1864-5. 



The fourth ^session met at Yankton, Dec. 5, 1864, and continued 
to Jan. 13, 1865. The membership was as follows: 



J. M. Stone, 
G. W. Kingsburry , 
J. O. Taylor, 
M. M. Rich, 



Council. 

Enos Stutsman , President. 

John Mathers, D. P. Bradford, 

Lasse Bothun, J. Shaw Gregory, 

Hugh Compton, John J. Thompson. 
Franklin Taylor, 



H. Burgess, 

J. P. Burgman, 

A. Cnristy, 

B. W. Collar, 
Felicia Fallas, 
J. R. Hanson, 
Peter Kegan , 



House. 

W. W. Brookings, Speaker. 

Geo. W. Kellogg. G. \y. Pratt. 

P. Lemonges , 

John Lawrence, 

M. M. Mathiesen, 

Helge Matthews, 

Francis McCarthy, 

John W. Owens, 



— - -"- — a 

Washington Reed, 
John Rouse . 
William Shriner, 
George Stickney , 
John W. Turner, 
t. W. Wall. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



61 



Fifth Settion— 1865-6. 

The fifth session convened at Yankton, Dec. 4, 1865, and continued, 
to Jan. 12, 1866. It had the following members: 



M. K. Armstrong, 
Austin Cole , 
G. W. Kingsbury, 
Chas. LaBreeche, 



T. C. Watson, 
£. C. Collins 4 
WilUam Walter, 
Michael Curry, 
Michael R^an, 
James Whitehorn, 
H. J. Austin, 
Amos Hampton, 



Council, 

George Stickney, President. 

Nathaniel Ross, John W. Turner, 

Enos Stutsman, A. L. VanOsdel, 

O. F. Stevens, Knute Weeks. 
John J. Thompson , 

House. 

G. B. Bigelow, Speaker. 
Franklin Taylor, Jonathan Brown, 



James McHenry 
oseph Ellis , 
A. M. English, 
Jacob Brauch, 
H. C. Ash, 
S. C. Fargo, 
W. W. Brookings, 



J. A. Lewis, 
Chas. H. McCarthy^ 
William Stevens, 
Edward Lent, 
Geo. W. Kellogg. 
Charles Cooper , 



Sixth Session — 1866-7, 



The sixth session convened at Yankton, Dec. 4, 1866, and con- 
tinued to Jan. 12, 1867. The membership was as follows: 

Council. 

M. K. Armstrong, President. 

Austin Cole, J. A. Lewis, John J. Thompson, 

A. G. Fuller, D. M. Mills, John Vv. Turner, 

G. W. Kingsbury, Nathaniel Ross, A. L. VanOsdel, 

Chas. LaBreeche, O. F. Stevens, Knut Weeks. 

House. 



H. C. Ash, 
Horace J. Austin, 
h. T. Bramble, 
vt. N. Collamer, 
Michael Curry, 
Hugh Fraley, 
Thomas Frick , 
I. T. Gore, 



J. B. S. Todd, Speaker. 
William Gray, Chas. McCarthy, 



Tans Gunderson, 
M. U. Hoyt, 
Daniel Hodgen, 
Amos Hanson , 
H. M. Johnson , 
Geo. W. Kellogg, 
Vincent La Be 



lie. 



N. C. Stevens, 
William Stevens. 
John Trumbo , 
Franklin Taylor, 
Eli B. Wixson, 
Kirwin Wilson, 



Seventh Session — 1867-8. 



Convened at Yankton, Dec. 2, 1867, and adjourned Jan. 10, 1868. 
The membership was as follows: 



Council. 
Horace J. Austin, President. 



W. W. Brookings, 
W. W. Benedict, 
Aaron Carpenter, 
R. I. Thomas, 



Hugh Fraley, 
R. K. Green, 
A. H. Hampton, 
Geo. W. Kellogg, 



J. A. Lewis, 
Chas. H. Mclntyrc, 
D. M. Mills, 
C. R. Rossteuscher,. 



62 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



House, 

Enos Stutsman , Speaker. 



William Blair, 
William Brady, 
F. Bronson , 
Jacob Brauch. 
Jonathan Brown, 
Caleb Cummings, 
ivxichael Curry, 
F. J. DeWitt, 



Martin V. Farris, 
Felicia Fallas, 
I. T. Gore, 
Hans Gunderson, 
Amos Hanson, 
M. U. Hoyt, 
Tohn L. Jolley, 
James Kegan, 



G. C. Moody, 
T. Nelson, 
Michael Ryan , 
Calvin G. Shaw, 
John J. Thompson, 
J. D. Tucker, 
Thomas C. Watson. 



Eighth Session — 1868^9. 



Convened at Yankton, Dec. 7, 1868, and adjourned Jan. 15, 1869. 
It had the following membership: 



Council. 

N. J. Wallace, President. 



Horace J. Austin, 
W. W. Benedict, 
W. W. Brookings, 
Aaron Carpenter, 



Alfred Abbott, 
Chas. D. Bradley, 
G. P. Bennett, 
Calvin M. Brooks, 
Jacob Brauch , 
John Clementson , 
N. G. Curtis, 
J. M. Eves, 



Hugh Fraley, 
R. R. Green, 
A. N. Hampton, 
Geo. W. Kellogg, 

House, 

G. C. Moody, Speaker. 

J. Shaw Gregory, 
T. '". Hewlett, 
O. T. Hatrqrin, 
John L. Jolley , 
A. W. Jameson, 
Hiram Keith, 
Tames Keegan . 
Lewis Larson 



J. A. Lewis, 
Chas. H. Mclntyre. 
C. R. Rossteuscher, 
B. E. Wood. 



T. LaRoche, 
Knud Larson, 
Joseph Moulin , 
Charles Ricker, 
Enos Stutsman, 
M. H. Somers, 
R. T. Vinson. 



Ninth Session— 1870-1. 



Convened at Yankton Dec. 5, 1870, an J continued to Jan. 13, 
1871. The membership was as follows: 



M. K. Armstrong, 
Jacob Brauch, 
Wm. M. Cuppett, 
Hugh Fraley , 



Charles Allen, 
V. R. L. Barnes, 
F. T. Cross, 
C. P. Dow, 
A. P. Hammond, 
John Hancock 
Wm. Hobrough , 
O. B. Iverson , 



Council, 

Emery Morris , President. 

Silas W. Kidder, W. T. McKay, 

Nelson Miner, James M. Stone, 

Chas. H. Mclntyre, John W. Turner. 
J. C. Kennedy, 

House. 

George H. Hand, Speaker. 

H. A. Terauld, R. Mostow, 

James Keegan, S. L. Parker, 

T. LaRoche, Amos F. Shaw, 

Kelson Learned, Philip Sherman. 

A. J. Mills, John C. Sinclair, 

E. Minor, Ole Sampson, 

Noah Wherry, E. W. Wall. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



63 



Tenth Session — 1872-3. 

The tenth session met at Yankton, Dec. 2, 1872, and continued to 
Jan. 10, 1873. It had the following membership: 

Council. 
Alexander Hughes, President. 



D. T. Bramble, 

E. B. Crew, 
H. P. Cooley, 
J. Flick, 



Samuel Ashmore. 
Ole Bottolfson, 
John Becker, 
Jacob Brauch , 
Newton Qark, 
N. B. Campbell, 
Michael Glynn , 
William Hamilton, 
James Hyde, 



John Lawrence , 
Nelson Miner, 
Jose-h Mason, 
J. Gehan. 

House. 

A. J. Mills, Speaker. 

Cyrus Knapp, 
T. A. Kingsbury, 
Judson LaMoure . , 
E. A. Williams, 
Ephraim Miner, 
George Norbeck , 
Joseph Roberts, 
A. B. Wheelock, 



Chas. H. Mclntyre, 
O. F. Stevens, 
Enos Stutsman. 
Henry Smith, 



O. C. Peterson, 
Jens Peterson, 
Silas Rohr, 
Martin Trygstadt, 
J. W. Turner, 
John Thompson, . 
B. E. Wood, 
W. P. Ljrman. 



Eleventh Session — 1874-5. 



Convened at Yankton Dec. 7, 1874, and adjourned Jan. 15, 1876. 
The membership was as follows: 



H. J. Austin, 
Jacob Brauch , 
Philip Chandler, 
Benton Fraley, 



H. O. Anderson , 
George Bosworth, 
Hector Bruce, 
J. L. Berry, 
L. Bothun . 
Michael Curry, 
Desire Chausse, 
J. M. Cleland, 
Patrick Hand, 



Council. 

John L. Jolley, President. 

G. W. Harlan, M. W. Sheaf e, 

John Lawrence, O. F. Stevens, 

A. McHench, C. S. West, 

M. Pace, E. A. Williams. 

House. 



G. C. Moody, Speaker. 

John H. Hass, 
Knud Larson, 
Joseph Zitka , 
H. N. Luce, 
W. '1. McKay, 
Henry Reifsnyder, 
Amos F. Shaw, 
C. H. Stearns, 



Ira Ellis, 
L. Sampson, 
S. Sevenson, 
A. L. Van Osdel, 
M. M. Williams, 
Scott Wright, 
James M. Wohl, 
O. B. Larson. 



Twelfth Session — 1877. 



Convened at Yankton Jan. 9, 1877, and continued to Feb. 17, 1877. 
It had the following membership: 



Henry S. Back, 
M. W. Bailey, 
Wm. Duncan , 
Hans Gunderson . 



Council. 

W. A. Burleigh, President. 

Judson LaMoure, R. F. Pettigrew, 

Nelson Miner, ,i. A. Potter, 

A. J. Mills, C. B. Valentine, 

Robert Wilson, J. A. Wallace. 



&^ 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 









HoMsr. 








D. C Hagle, Speaker. 


J. 


M. 


Adama, 


M. O. Hexom, 


A, 


L. 


Boc, 


t^ Hackett 


H. 


A. 


Burke, 


D. M. Inman, 


•J. 


S: 


Borbsmk, 


Enck Ivcrson, 


W. 


H. Beadle, 


Chas. Maywold, 


T. 


S. 


Clarkson, 


F. M- Ziebach, 


G. 


S. 


S. Gxiington* 


Hans Myron, 


W. 


F. 




John Shellberg, 


A. 


G. 


Hopkins, 





John Falde, 
D. Stewart » 
Asa Sargent, 
John Tucker, 
Franklin Taylor, 
John Thompson, 
C. H. VanTassel , 
S. Sodersti ouu 



*Awarded the seat of D. M. Kelliher on the twenty-ninth day of 

the session. 

Thirteenth Session — 1879. 

Convened at lankton and continued in session from Jan. 14 ta 
Feb. 22, 1879. The following was the membership: 

Council. 

George H. Walsh, President. 

W. L. Kuykendall, S. G. Roberts. 
Nelson Miner, 
Robert Macnider , 
R. F. Pettigrew, 



Wm. M. Cuppett, 
M. H. Day, 
Ira Ellis, 
Newton Edmunds, 



Silas Rohr, 

C. B. Valentine, 

H. B. Wynn. 



House. 



Alfred Brown , 
J. Q. Burbank, 
P. N. Cross, 
D. W. Flick, 
A. B. Fockler, 
Jonn R. Gamble, 
Ansley Gray, 
Hans Gunderson , 
Peter J. Hoyer, 



John R. Jackson, Speaker. 

Nathan*! C. Whitfield, Michael Shely, 

Olc A. Helvig, A. Simonson, 

O. I. Hoseboe, James H. Stephens, 

A. Hoyt, D. Stewart, 

S. A Johnson, Martin M. Trygstadt,. 

John I^ngncss, E. C. Walton, 

A. Manksch, J. F. Webber, 

J. M. Peterson, Canute Weeks. 

Fourteenth Session — 1881. 

Convened at Yankton and continued in session from Jan. 11 ta 
March 7, 1881. The membership was as follows: 

Council. 

George H. Walsh, President. 

J. A. J. Martin, John Walsh, 

J. O'B. Scobey, G. W. WiMin, 

Amos F. Shaw, John R. Wilson, 
J. F. Wallace, 

House. 

J. A. Harding, Speaker. 
V. P. Thielman, Judson LaMoure,. 



M. H. Day, 
Ira W. Fisher, 
John R. Gamble, 
John L. Jolley, 



James Bayncs . 

F. J. Cross, 
L. B. French, 

G. H. Dickey. 
C. B. Kennedy, 
P. Landmann , 

T. H. Miller, 
Knud Nomland, 



A. Thome, 

P. Warner, 

S. A. Boyles, 

W. H. Donaldson, 

E. Ellefson, 

John D. Hale, 

I). M. Innian, 



S. McBratney, 

I. Moore , 

S. Rohr, 

D. Thompson, 

A. L. VanOsdel,. 

E. P. Wells. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



65 



Fifteenth Session — 1883. 

Convened at Yankton, Jan. 9, and continued to March 9, 1883. 
The following was the membership: 

CounciL 



F. N. Burdick, 
• . R. Jackson « 
F. M. Ziebach, 
F. J. Washbaugh, 



J. O'B. Scovey, President. 

S. G. Roberts. Geo. H. Walsh, 

H. J. Jerauld, J. Nickeus, 

Wm. P. Dewey, E. 
E. H. Mcintosh. 



McCauley, 



Ira Ellis, 
M. C. Tychsen, 
John Thompson, 
W. B. Robinson, 
R. C. McAllister, 
F. P. Phillips, 
Geo. W. Sterling, 
W. A. Heinhart, 



House. 

E. A. Williams, Speaker. 



E. M. Bowman, 
G. P. Harvey, 
D. M. Inman, 
H. Van Woert, 
B. Wvnn, 
R. Wagner, 
John C. Pyatt, 
George Rice, 



\. 



Wm. H. Lamb, 
J. W. Nowlin, 

A. A. Choteau, 
O. M. Towner, 

B. W. Benson, 
L. J. Alfred, 
N. E. " - 



Nelson. 



Sixteentii Session — 1885. 



Convened at Bismarck Jan. 13, and continued to March 13, 1885. ^ 
The membership was as toUows: 



Council. 
J. H. Westover, President. 



A. C. Huetson , 
Wm. Duncan, 
John R. Gamble, 

A. Sheridan Jones, 

B. R. Wagner, 
A. M. Bowdle, 
R. F. Pettigrew, 
Geo. R. Farmer , 



Ole Helvig, 
John Larson , 
Eli Dawson , 
Hans Myron, * 
A. L. Van Osdel, 
Hugh Langan, 
-. P. Ward, 
. H. Swan ton, 
A. J. Pars hall, 
Mark Ward, 
C. E. Huston , 
H. M. Clark, 
P. L. Runkel, 
J. M. Bayard, 
H. W. Smith, 
W. H. Riddell, 



I 



H. H. Natwick, 
C. H. Cameron, 
J. P. Day, 
A. B. Smedley, 
V. P. Kennedy, 

F. j. Washabaugh, 
S. P. Wells, 
Charles Richardson, 

House. 

George Rice, Speaker. 

John Hobart, 
J. C. Southwick, 
V. V. Barnes, 
J. A. Pickler, 
J. T. Blakemore, 

G. W. Pierce, 
M. L. Miller, 
G. H. Johnson, 
M. T. DeWoody, 

E. Huntington, 

F. A. Eldredge, 
A. L. Sprague, 
E. M. Martin 
H. M. Gregg, 
A. McCall, 
E. A. Williams, 



J. Nickeus. 

C. D. Austin . 

D. H. Twomey, 
Geo. H. Walsh, 
John Flittie , 
Judson LaMoure, 
P. J. McLaughlin. 



W. F. Steele, 
Henry W. Coe, 
J. Stevens , 
S. E. Stebbins, 
P. J. McCumber, 
H. S. Oliver, 
T. M. Pugh, 
E. T. Hutchinson, 
W. N. Roach 

C. W. Morgan, 
f. W. Scott, 

D. Stewart, 
H. Stong, 

H. H. Ruger, 
P. McHugh. 



-5- 



66 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Seventeenth Session — 1887. 



Convenec} at Bismarck Jan. 11, and continued to March 11, 1887. 
The membership was as follows: 



Roger All in, ^ 
Wm. T. Collins, 
Tohn Cain , 
\V. E. Dodge, 
E. W. Foster, 
Mclvin Grigsby, 
Alexander Hughes , 
T. M. Martin, 



Council. 

George A. Mathews, President. 



P. T. McCumber, 

C. H. Sheldon, 

E. G. Smith, 

T. S. Weiser, 

T. O. Bogart, 

A. Vv . Campbell , 

P. C. Donovan, 

E. C. Ericson, 

House. 



H. Galloway, 

G. A. Harstad, 

J. D. Lawler, 

C. D'. Mead, 

T. T. Sheldon, 

E. T. Washabaugh, 

S. P. Wells. 



George G. Crose, Speaker. 



Tohn Bidlake, 
T. W. Burnham, 
D. S. Dodds, 
Thomas S. Elliott, 
D. W. Ensign , 
T. H. Fletcher, 
F. Greene, 
A. A. Harkins, 
C. B. Hubbard, 
J. G. Jones, 
Tames M. Moore, 
T. F. Mentzer, 

C. I. Miltimore, 
John D. Patton, 

D. F. Rover, 
J. Schnaidt , 



Fred H. Adams, 
F. M. Shook, 

D. Stewart, 

E. W. Terrill, 
J. V. White, 
Wilson Wise , 
L. O. Wyman , 
Frank R. Aikens, 
W. N. Berry, 

A. M. Cook, 
M. H. Cooper, 
John R. Dutch, 
John A. Ely, 
Wm. H. Fellows, 
J. T. Gilbert, 
Wm. Glendening. 



W. J. Hawk, 
.1 ohn Hobart, 
R. McDonell, 
F. A. Morris, 
H. T. Mallory, 
J. H. Patten. 
A. J. Pruitt, 
W. K. Ruggles, 

D. W. Spraeue, 

A. S. Stewart, 

B. H. Sullivan, 
Chas. B. Williams, 
James P. Ward, 

E. A. Williams, 
John Wolzmuth. 



Eighteenth Session — 1889. 

Convened at Bismarck Jan. 8, and adjourned March 9, 1899. This 
was the last territorial assembly. The membership was as follows: 



Council. 
Smith Stimmel, President. 



Roo'er Allin , 
Irenus Atkinsdn, 
Peter Cameron , 
A. W. Campbell, 
M. HI Cooper, 
Coc I. Crawford, 
Robert Dollard, 
E. C. 'Erickson, 



S. L. Glaspell, 
James Halley, 
G. A. Harstad , 
Alexander Hughes, 
Robert Lowry, 
Hugh McDonald, 
Tohn Miller, 
j. H. Patten 



David W. Poindexter, 
Joseph C. Ryan, 
C. A. Sorderburg, 
George H. Walsh , 
F. J. Washabaugh, 
James A. Woolheiscr, 
A. L. Van OsdcL 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



67 



F. H. Adams « 
I* rank A. Aikens^ 
Joseoh Allen, 
C. H. Baldwin, 
£. H. Bergman, 
R. L. Bennett, 
B. F. Bixter, 
J. W. Burnham, 
A. D. Clark, 
J. B, Cooke , 
T. A. Doufclas, 
Thomas Elliott, 
T. H. Fletcher, 
J. M. Greene, 
A. T. Gronna, 
S. P. Howell, 



House, 

Hosmer H. Keith, Speaker. 

Harry F. Hunter, 
J. G. Jones, 
I. :3. Lampman , 
W. S. Logan, 
Frank Lillibridge, 
H. j. Mallory, 
P. McHugh, 
Edwin McNeil, 
C. J. Miller, 
F. A. Morris, 
C. C. Newman, 
P. P. Palmer. 
A. L. Patridgc, 
H. S. Parkin, 
John D. Patton, 
O. C. Potter, 



D. M. Powell, 
M. M. Price, 
Wm. Ramsoell , 
D. F. Royer, 
G. W. Ryan, 
H. H. Sheets, 
J. O. Smith, 
W. E. Swanston, 

C. J. Trude, 
John Txirnbull. 
N. Upham. 
O. R. Van Etten, 
J. B. Welcome , 

D. R. Wellman, 
J. V. White. 



** 



IMJOSLATtVE MASCAL 



OmCKIIS AND MEM 



5 - ' . *c »*' * t "^t" >'»**^ "^L '^ f *ik— C C. BewsfidA. 

Arrw-r, \ii.r XCi^ut . \^ tijst , >ti — msx^ VirYmril IL 

f c . . 'itinc* ,. - >* i.t$4. >L-5t:-ite. ^-abr -■ .-. 

Siw^ti- ,utu. vV-ipfa. V-KmsM^ jauks T*. — 

ir.vT ^Jor-tr* \ -> ** i:.» X.-ihtt ^^^^tI ^ --- 

.' ^rinic. 'u.irt Umttj'"'-. TUr li'ipt f "j u»ni», X.i){!«aim 3L Tnuil 

-^ i. £^r^i.t jx. ^.i:>:'* T'l.iuS, linhari 3L 

-. •• V .l:..m ' - «Jistt /'*' vt:>, ]^nnr . . ^. ... 

: .-=^ aacs -»* - '' uaa '•u%'iil ^ iUisuL 2. HirtTiftnif 

I . '*. LiT.^T I. ?^-:«* ta • V iiiaat :5*3rk: 

J' : -mil .1 li-a ,X'u:ur >;ii'^u.ii?2'- Hntt"C?» 

^ :^ . J.4ii« >: un«at uuit 

s, - ': er JiTum ■* ^i .;s S- .* ' -Mt V- ...JJtanes- 

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I ... ,-' . 1 "i-uia. • ;•» > •.'*-"t, »-»rutT?«« , ^ .^cstttaii 



ENABLING ALT. 



[Approval Febmary 22, 1889.] 

AN ACT to provide for the division of Dakota into two states and 
to enable the people of North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana 
and Washington to form constitutions and state governments and 
to be admitted into the union on an equal footing with the 
original states, and to make donations of public lands to such 
states. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives 
of the United States of America in Congress Assembled, 

That the inhabitants of all that part of the area 
of the United States now constituting the territories 
of Dakota, Montana and Washington as at present de- 
scribed, may become the states of North Dakota, South 
Dakota, Montana and Washington, respectively, as herein- 
after provided. 

Sec. 2. The area comprising the territory of Dakota 
shall for the purposes of this act be divided on the line of 
the 7th standard parallel produced due west to the western 
boundary of said territory; and the delegates elected as 
hereinafter provided to the constitutional convention in 
districts north of said parallel shall assemble in convention, 
at the time prescribed in this act. at the City of Bismarck; 
and the delegates elected in districts south of said parallel 
shall, at the same time, assemble in convention at the city 
of Sioux Falls. 

Sec. 3. That all persons who are qualified by the laws 
of said territories to vote for representatives to the legisla- 
tive assemblies thereof are hereby authorized to vote for 
and choose delegates to form conventions in said proposed 
states; and the qualifications for delegates to such conven- 
tions shall be such as by the laws of said territories re- 
spectively, persons are required to possess to be eligible to 
the legislative assemblies thereof; and the aforesaid dele- 
gates to form said conventions shall be apportioned within 
the limits of the proposed states, in such districts as may 
be established as herein provided, in proportion to the popu- 
lation in each of said counties and districts, as near as may 
be, to be ascertained at the time of making said apportion- 
ments by the persons hereinafter authorized to make the 
same from the best information obtainable, in each of which 
districts three delegates shall be elected, but no elector shall 
vote for more than two persons for delegates to such con- 
ventions; that said apportionments shall be made by the 



70 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



governor, the chief justice and the secretary of said terri- 
tories; and the governors of said territories shall, by pro- 
clamation, order an election of the delegates aforesaid in each 
of said proposed states, to be held on the Tuesday after the 
second Monday in May, 1889; which proclamation shall be 
issued on the 15th day of April, 1889; and such election shall 
be conducted, the returns made, thp result ascertained, and 
the certificates to persons elected to such conventions issued 
in the same manner as is prescribed by the laws of the said 
territories regulating elections therein ^or delegates to con- 
gress ; and the number of votes cast for delegates in each pre- 
cinct shall also be returned. The number of delegates to said 
conventions respectively shall be 75; and all persons resident 
in said proposed states who are qualified voters of said ter- 
ritories as herein provided, shall be entitled to vote upon the 
election of delegates ; and under such rules and regulations as 
said conventions may prescribe, not in conflict with this 
act upon the ratification or rejection of the constitutions. 

Sec. 4. That the delegates to the conventions elected 
as provided for in this act shall meet at the seat of gov- 
ernment of each of said territories, except the deleg^ates 
elected in South Dakota, who shall meet at the city of Sioux 
Falls, on the -'fourth dav of July, 1889, and after organiza- 
tion shall declare, on behalf of the people of said proposed 
states, that they adopt the constitution of the United States; 
whereupon the said conventions shall be, and are hereby 
authorized to form constitutions and state . governments for 
said proposed slates respectively. The constitution shall be 
republican in form, and make no distinction in civil or political 
rights on account of race or color, except as to Indians not 
taxed, and not be repugnant to the constitution of the 
United States and the principles of the declaration of inde- 
pendence. And said convention shall provide, by ordinances 
irrevocable without the consent of the United States and the 
people of said states: 

First. That the perfect toleration of religious sentiment 
shall be secured, and that no inhabitant of said states shall 
ever be molested in person or property on account of his 
or her mode of religious worship. 

Second. That the people inhabiting said proposed states 
do agree and declare that they forever disclaim all right 
and 'title to the unappropriated public lands lying within the 
boundaries thereof, and to all lands lying within said limits 
owned or held by any Indian or Itldian tribes; and that until 
the title thereto shall have been extinguished by the United 
States the same shall be and remain subject to the disposition 
of the United States, and said Indian lands shall remain 
under the absolute jurisdiction and control of the congress 
of the United States; that the lands belonging to citizens of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 71 

the United States residing without the said states shall never 
be taxed at a higher rate than the lands belonging to residents 
thereof; that no taxes shall be imposed by the states on lands 
or property therein belonging to or which may hereafter be 
purchased by the United States or reserved for its use. But 
nothing herein, or in the ordinances herein provided for, 
shall preclude the said states from taxing as other lands are 
taxed any lands owned or held by any Indian who has severed 
his tribal relations, and has obtained from the United States or 
from any person a title thereto by patent or other erant, save 
and except such lands as have been or may be granted to any 
Indian or Indians under any act of congress containing a 
provision exempting the lands thus granted from taxation; 
but said ordinances shall provide that all such laiids shall be 
exempt from taxation by said states so long and to such extent 
as such act of congress may prescribe. 

Third. That the debts and liabilities of said t.rritories 
shall be assumed and naid by said states respectively. 

Fourth. That provision shall be made for the establish- 
ment and maintenance of systems of public schools, which 
shall be open to all the children of said states, and free from 
sectarian control. 

Sec. 5. That the convention which shall assemble at Bis- 
marck shall form a constitution and state government for a 
state to be known as North Dakota and the convention 
which shall assemble at Sioux Falls shall form a constitu- 
tion and state government for a state to be known as South 
Dakota ; provided, that, at the election for delegates to the 
constitutional convention in South Dakota, as hereinbefore 
provided, each elector may have written or printed on his 
ballot the words "For the Sioux Falls Constitution" or the 
words "Against the Sioux Falls Constitution" and the 
votes on this question shall be returned and canvassed in 
the same manner as for the election provided for in section 3 
of this act; and if a majority of all votes cast on this ques- 
tion shall be "For the Sioux Falls Constitution" it shall be 
the duty of the convention which may assemble at Sioux 
Falls, as herein provided, to resubmit to the neople of 
South Dakota, for ratification or rejection at the election 
hereinafter provided for in this act, the constitution framed 
at Sioux Falls and adopted Nov. 3, 1885, and also the ar- 
ticles and propositions separately submitted at that election, 
including the auestion of locating the temporary seat of 
government, with such changes only as relate to the name and 
boundary of the proposed state, to the reapportionment of the 
judicial and legislative districts, and such amendments as may 
be necessary in order to comply with the provisions of this 
act; and if a majority of the votes cast on the ratification or 
rejection of the constitution shall be for the constitution ir- 



72 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



respective of the articles squiratcly sobmitted. the state of 
South Dakota shall be admitted as a state in the anion under 
said constitution as hereinafter provided; but the archives* 
records and books of the territory of Dakota shall remain 
at Bismarck, the capital of North Dakota, until an agreement 
in reference thereto is reached by said states. But if at the elec- 
tion for delegates to the constitutional convention in South 
Dakota a majority of all the votes cast at that dection shall 
be "Against the Sioux Falls Gmstitution," then, and in that 
event it shall be the duty of the convention which will as- 
semble at the city of Sioux Falls on the fourth day of July, 
1889, to proceed to form a constitution and state government 
as provided in this act the same as if that question had not 
been submitted to a vote of the people of South Dakota. 
^ Sec. 6. It shall be the duty of the constitutional conven- 
tions of North Dakota and South Dakota to appoint a joint 
commission to be composed of not less than three members 
of each convention, whose duty it shall be to assemble at 
Bismarck, the t>resent seat of government of said territory, 
and agree upon an equitable division of all property be- 
longing to the territory of Dakota, the disposition of all 
public records, and also adjust and a^ree upon the amount 
of the debts and liabilities of the territory which shall be 
assumed and paid by each of the proposed states of North 
Dakota and South Dakota, and the agreement reached re- 
specting the territorial debts and liabilities shall be incor- 
porated in the respective constitutions, and each of said 
states shall obligate itself to pay its prooortion of such debts 
and liabilities the same as if they had been created bv such 
states respectively. 

Sec. 7. If the constitutions formed for both North Da- 
kota and South Dakota shall be rejected by the people at 
the elections for the ratification or rejection of their re- 
spective constitutions as provided for in this act, the terri- 
torial government of Dakota shall continue in existence the 
same as if this act had not been passed. But if the consti- 
tution formed for either North Dakota or South Dakota 
shall be rejected by the people, that part of the territory so 
rejecting its proposed constitution shall continue under the 
territorial government of the present territory of Dakota, 
but shall, after the state adopting its constitution is ad- 
mitted into the union be called by the name of the terri- 
tory of North Dakota or South Dakota, as the case may be; 
provided, that if either of the proposed states provided for 
in this act shall reject the constitution which may be sub- 
mitted for ratification or rejection at the election provided 
therefor, the governor of the territory in which such pro- 
posed constitution was rejected shall issue his proclamation 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 73 



reconvening the delegates elected to the convention which 
formed such rejected constitution, fixing the time and place 
at which said delegates shall assemble ; . and when so as- 
sembled they shall proceed to form another constitution or 
to amend the rejected constitution, and shall submit such 
new constitution or amended constitution to the people 
of the proposed state for ratification or rejection at such time 
as said convention may determine; and all the provisions 
of this act, so far as applicable, shall apply to such conven- 
tion so reassembled and to the constitution which may be 
formed, its ratification or rejection, and to the admission 
of the proposed state. - ^ 

Sec. 8. That the constitutional convention which ma\' 
assemble in South Dakota shall provide by ordinance for 
resubmitting the Sioux Falls constitution of 1885, after hav- 
ing amended the same as provided in section 5 of this act, to 
the people ni South Dakota for ratification or rejection at 
an election to be held therein on the first Tuesdav in Octo- 
ber, 1889; but if said constitutional convention is author- 
ized and required to form a new constitution for South Da- 
kota it shall provide for submitting the same in like manner 
to the people of South Dakota for ratification or rejection, 
at an election to be held in said proposed state on the said 
first Tuesday in October. And the constitutional conven- 
tions which may assemble in North Dakota, Montana and 
Washington shall provide in like manner for submitting the 
constitutions formed by them to the people of said pro- 
posed states, respectively, for ratification or rejection at 
elections to be held in said proposed states on the said first 
Tuesday in October. At the elections provided for in this 
section the qualified voters of said proposed states shall 
vote directly for or against the proposed constitutions, and 
for or against any articles or propositions separately sub- 
mitted. The returns of said elections shall be made to the 
secretary of each of said territories, who. with the governor 
and chief justice thereof, or any two of them, shall canvass 
the same; and if a majority of the legal votes cast shall 
be for the constitution the governor shall certify the result 
to the president of the United States, together With a state- 
ment of the votes cast thereon and upon separate articles or 
propositions, and a coDy of the said constitution, articles, 
propositions and ordinances. And if the constitutions and 
governments of said proposed states are republican in form, 
and if all the provisions of this act have been complied 
with in the formation thereof, it shall be the duty of the 
president of the United States to issue his proclamation 
announcing the result of the election in each, and there- 
upon the proposed states which have adooted constitutions 



64 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



J. M. Adams « 
A. L. Boe , 
H. A. Burke, 
♦J. Q. Burbank, 
W. H. H. Beadle, 
T. S. Clarkson, 
G. S. S. Codington, 
W. F. Dunham, 
A. G. Hopkins, 



House, 

D. C. Hagle, Speaker^ 

M. O. Hexom, John Falde, 



t. Hackett 
D. ^ M. Inman, 
Erick Iverson , 
Chas. Maywold, 
F. M. Ziebach, 
Hans Myron, 
John Shellberg, 



D. Stewart, 
Asa Sargent , 
John Tucker, 
Franklin Taylor, 
John Thompson, 
C. H. VanTassel, 
S. Sodcrstrom. 



* A warded the seat of D. M. Kelliher on the twenty-ninth day of 
the session. 

Thirteenth Session — 1879. 

Convened at Yankton and continued in session from Jan. 14 to 
Feb. 22, 1879. The following was the membership: 



Wm. M. Cuppett , 
M. H. Day, 
Ira Ellis, 
Newton Edmunds, 



Alfred Brown, 
J. Q. Burbank, 
P. N. Cross, 
D. W. Flick, 
A. B. Fockler, 
Jonn R. Gamble, 
Ansley Gray, 
Hans Gunderson, 
Peter J. Hoyer, 



Council. 

George H. Walsh, President. 

W. L. Kuykendall, S. G. Roberts, 

Nelson Miner, Silas Rohr, 

Robert Macnider, C. B. Valentine, 

R. F. Pettigrew, H. B. Wynn. 

House. 

John R. Jackson, Speaker. 
Nathan'l C. Whitfield, Michael Shely, 



Ole A. Helvig, 
O. I. Hoseboe, 
A. Hoyt, 
S. A. Johnson, 
John Laingness , 
A. Manksch , 
J. M. Peterson, 



A. Simonson , 
James H. Stephens, 

D. Stewart, 

Martin M. Trygstadt ,. 

E. C. Walton, 
J. F. Webber. 
Canute Weeks. 



Fourteenth Session — 1881. 



Convened at Yankton and continued in session from Jan. 11 to. 
March 7, 1881. The membership was as follows: 



Council. 
George H. Walsh, President. 



M. H. Day, 
Ira W. Fisher, 
John R. Gamble, 
John L. Jolley, 



James Baynes . 

F. J. Cross, 
L. B. French, 

G. H. Dickey. 
C. B. Kennedy, 
P. Landmann, 
J. H. Miller, 
Knud Nomland, 



J. A. J. Martin, 
J. O'B. Scobey, 
Amos F. Shaw, 
J. F. Wallace, 

House. 



John Walsh, 
G. W. WiMin, 
John R. Wilson, 



J. A. Harding, Speaker. 
V. P. Thielman, Judson LaMoure, 



A. Thorne, 

P. Warner, 

S. A. Boyles, 

W. H. Donaldson , 

E. Ellefson, 

Tohn D. Hale, 

D. M. Inman, 



S. McBratney, 

I. Moore, 

S. Rohr, 

D. Thompson, 

A. L. VanOsdel,. 

E. P. Wells. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



65 



Fifteenth Session — 1883. 

Convened at Yankton» Jan. 9, and continued to March 9, 1883. 
The following was the membership: 



F. N. Burdick, 

'. R. Jackson 4 

F. M. Ziebach, 

F. J. Washbaugh, 



Council, 

J. 0*B. Scovey, President. 

S. G. Roberts, Geo. H. Walsh, 

H. J. Jerauld, J. Nickeus, 

Wm. P. Dewey, E. 
E. H. Mcintosh. 

House. 



— y 

McCauley, 



Ira Ellis, 
M. C. Tychsen, 
John Thompson, 
W. B. Robinson, 
R. C. McAllister, 
F. P. Phillips, 
Geo. W. Sterling, 
W. A. Heinhart, 



E. A. Williams, Speaker. 



E. M. Bowman, 
G. P. Harvey , 
D. M. Inman, 
H. Van Woert, 
J. B. Wynn, 
B. R. Wagner, 
John C. Pyatt, 
George Rice, 



Wm. H. Lamb, 
J. W. Nowlin, 

A. A. Choteau, 
O. M. Towner, 

B. W. Benson, 
L. J. Alfred, 
N. E. " 



Nelson. 



Sixteenth Session — 1885. 



Convened at Bismarck Jan. 13, and continued to March 13, 1886. ^ 
The membership was as tollows: 



A. C. Huetson , 
Wm. Duncan, 
John R. Gamble, 

A. Sheridan Jones, 

B. R. Wagner, 
A. M. Bowdle, 
R. F. Pettigrew, 
Geo. R. Farmer, 



Council. 

J. H. Westover, President. 

H. H. Natwick, 
C. H. Cameron, 
J. P. Day, 
A. B. Smedley, 
V. P. Kennedy, 
F. j. Washabaugh, 
S. P. Wells, 
Charles Richardson, 

House. 

George Rice, Speaker. 



J. Nickeus. 

C. D. Austin . 

D. H. Twomey, 
Geo. H. Walsh, 
John Flittie, 
Judson LaMoure, 
P. J. McLaughlin. 



Die Helvig, 
John Larson, 
Lii Dawson , 
Hans Myron, " 
A. L. Van Osdel, 
Hugh Langan, 
~. P. Ward, 
. H. S wanton, 
A. J. Parshall, 
Mark Ward, 
C. E. Huston, 
H. M. Clark, 
P. L. Runkel, 
J. M. Bayard, 
H. W. Smith, 
W. H. Ridden, 



\ 



] 



ohn Hobart, 
. C. Southwick, 
l. V. Barnes, 
J. A. Pickler, 
J. T. Blakemore, 
G. W. Pierce, 
M. L. Miller, 
G. H. Johnson, 
M. T. De Woody, 

E. Huntington, 

F. A. Eldredge, 
A. L. Sprague, 
E. M. Martin 
H. M. Gregg, 
A. McCall , 

E. A. Williams, 



W. F. Steele, 
Henry W. Coe, 
J. Stevens , 
S. E. Stebbins, 
P. J. McCumber, 
H. S. Oliver, 
T. M. Pugh, 
E. T. Hutchinson, 
W. N. Roach 

C. W. Morgan, 
J. W. Scott, 

D. Stewart, 
H. Stong, 

H. H. Ruger, 
P. McHugh. 



~5~ 



66 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Seventeenth Session — 1887. 



Convened at Bismarck Jan. 11, and continued to March 11, 1887. 
, The membership was as follows: 



Council. 
George A. Mathews, President. 



Roger All in, , 
Wm. T. Collins, 
Tohn Cain, 
W. E. Dodge, 
E. W. Foster, 
Melrin Grigsby. 
Alexander Hughes , 
T. M. Martin, 



P. T. McCumber, 

C. H. Sheldon, 

E. G. Smith, 

T. S. Weiser, 

T. O. Bogart, 

A. Vv . Campbell , 

P. C. Donovan, 

E. C. Ericson, 



H. Gallo-ivay, 

G. A. Harstad, 

J. D. Lawler, 

C. D; Mead, 

T. T. Sheldon, 

E. J. Washabaugh, 

S. P. Wells. 



House. 

George G. Crose, Speaker. 



Tohn Bidlake, 
J. W. Burnham, 
D. S. Dodds, 
Thomas S. Elliott, 
D. W. Ensign, 
T. H. Fletcher, 
F. Greene , 
A. A. Harkins , 
C. B. Hubbard, 
J. G. Jones, 
Tames M. Moore, 
T. F. Mentzer, 

C. I. Miltimore, 
John D. Patton, 

D. F. Rover, 
J. Schnaidt , 



Fred H. Adams, 
F. M. Shook, 

D. Stewart, 

E. W. Terrill, 
J. V. White, 
Wilson Wise , 
L. O. Wyman , 
Frank R. Aikens, 
W. N. Berry, 

A. M. Cook, 
M. H. Cooper, 
John R. Dutch, 
John A. Ely, 
Wm. H. Fellows, 
J. T. Gilbert, 
Wm. Glendening. 



W. J. Hawk, 
.1 ohn Hobart, 
R. McDonell, 
F. A. Morris, 
H. T. Mallory, 
J. H. Patten, 
A. J. Pruitt, 
W. K. Ruggles, 

D. W. Spraeue, 

A. S. Stewart, 

B. H. Sullivan, 
Chas. B. Williams, 
Tames P. Ward, 

E. A. Williams, 
John Wolzmuth. 



Eighteenth Session — 1889« 

Convened at Bismarck Jan. 8, and adjourned March 9, 1899. This 
•was the last territorial assembly. The membership was as follows: 



Council. 
Smith Stimmel, President. 



Ro^er 
Irenus 
Peter 
A. W. 
M. H 
Coc I. 
Robert 
E. C. ' 



Allin, 
Atkinsbn, 
Cameron , 
Campbell, 
Cooper, 
Crawford, 
Dollard, 
Erickson, 



S. L. Glaspell, 
James Halley, 
G. A. Harstad, 
Alexander Hughes, 
Robert Lowry, 
Hugh McDonald, 
Tohn Miller, 
j. H. Patten 



David W. Poindexter, 
Joseph C. Ryan , 
C. A. Sorderburg, 
George H. Walsh, 
F. J. Washabaugh, 
James A. Woolheiscr, 
A. L. Van QsdeU 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



67 



F. H. Adams J 
I* rank A. Aikeiis« 
Joseoh Allen, 
C. H. Baldwin, 
£. H. Bergman, 
R. L. Bennett, 
B. F. Bixter, 
J. W. Burnham, 
A. D. Clark, 
J. B. Cooke , 
T. A. Dout^las , 
Thomas Elliott, 
T. H. Fletcher, 
J. M. Greene, 
A. T. Gronna, 
S. P. Howell, 



House, 

Hosmer H. Keith, Speaker. 

Harry F. Hunter, 
J. G. JoneSj 
I. b. Lampman , 
W. S. Logan , 
Frank Lillibridge, 
H. J. Mallory, 
P. McHugh, 
Edwin McNeil, 
C. J. Miller. 
F. A. Morris, 
C. C. Newman, 
P. P. Palmer. 
A. L. Patridge, 
H. S. Parkin, 
John D. Patton, 
O. C. Potter, 



D. M. Powell, 
M. M. Price, 
Wm. Ramsoell , 
D. F. Royer, 
G. W. Ryan, 
H. H. Sheets, 
T. O. Smith, 
W. E. Swanston, 

C. J. Trude, 
Tohn Turnbull. 
N. Upham. 
O. R. Van Etten, 
J. B. Welcome, 

D. R. Wellman, 
J. V. WTiite. 



68 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



OFFICERS AND MEMBERS. 



OF TBB 



Constitutional Convention, 1889. 

(Convened at Bismarck, July 4; adjourned August 17, 1889.) 

OFFICERS. 

President — F. B. Fancher. 

Chief Qerk— J. G. Hamilton. 

Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk — C. C. Bowsfield. 

Sergeant-at-Arms — Fred Falley. 

Watchman — ^T. S. Weiser. 

Messenger — E. W. Knight. 

Chaplain — Geo. Kline. 

Official Stenograpner — R. M. Tuttle. 

Official Printer— M. H. Jewell. 

MEMBERS. 



Name County 

Allin, Roger Walsh 

Almen, John Magnus ....Walsh 

Appleton. Albert F Pembina 

Bean Therow W Nelson 

Bell, James Walsh 

Bennett, Richard . .Grand Forks 

Bartlett, Lorenzo D Dickey 

Bartlett , David Griggs 

Best, William D Pembina 

Brown, Charles V Wells 

Blewett, Andrew Stutsman 

Budge , William . . . Grand Forks 

Camp, Ed^r W Stutsman 

Chaffee, Eben Whitney . . Cass 
Garland, John Emmett, Burleigh 
Carothers, Charles Grand Forks 

Clark, Horace M Eddy 

Clapp , William J Cass 

Colton, Joseph L Ward 

Douglas, James A Walsh 

Elliott, Elmer E Barnes 

Fancher, Frederick B. Stutsman 

Fay, George H Mcintosh 

Flemington , Alex D Dickey 

Gay ton, Jas. Bennett ..Emmons 
Click, Benjamin Rush ..Cavalier 

Gray, Enos Cass 

Griggs, Alexander .Grand Forks 

Harris , Harvey Burleigh 

Haugen, Arne P. ..Grand Forks 

Hegge, Marthinus F Traill 

Holmes Herbert L. ... Pembina 

Hoyt, Albert W Morton 

Johnson, Martin N Nelson 

louder, William S. . . Richland 

Leech , Addison Cass 

Lowell, Jacob Cass 

Linwell, Martin V. Grand Forks 



Name County 

L.ohnes Edward H Ramsev 

Marrinan, Michael K. ....Walsh 
Mathews, J. H., ..Grand Forks 

Meacham , Olney G Foster 

MrBride, John Cavalier 

Miller, Henry Foster Cass 

Moer, Samuel H LaMoure 

McKenzie, James D Sargent 

McHugh, Patrick Cavalier 

Noble, Virgil B Bottineau 

Nomland, Knud J Traill 

O'Brien, James F Ramsey 

Parsons, Curtis P Rolette 

Parsons, Albert Samuel .Morton 

Paulson, Engebret M Traill 

Peterson, Henry M Cass 

Pollock, Robert M Cass 

Powers , Jonn Sargent 

Powels, Joseph Cavalier 

Purcell, William E Richland 

Ray. William Stark 

Richardson, Robert B. . . Pembina 
Robertson, Alexander B. .Walsh 
Rolf e, Eugene Strong .... Benson 

Rowe , William H Dickey 

Sanoanger , Andrew Ransom 

Shiunan , John Sargent 

Scott , ' John W Barnes 

Selby, John F Traill 

Slotten, Andrew Richland 

Spalding, Burleigh Folsom .Cass 

Stevens, Rueben N Ransom 

Turner , Ezra Bottineau 

Wallace, Elmer D Steele 

Whipple, Abram Olin ...Ramsey 

Well wood. Jay Barnes 

Williams, Erastus A. ..Burleigh 1 



ENABLING ALT. 



[Approve Febrttary 22, 1889.] 

AN ACT to provide for the division of Dakota into two states and 
to enable the people of North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana 
and Washington to form constitutions and state governments and 
to be admitted into the union on an equal footing with the 
original states, and to make donations of public lands to such 
states. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives 
of the United States of America in Congress Assembled, 

That the inhabitants of all that part of the area 
of the United States now constituting the territories 
of Dakota, Montana and Washington as at present de- 
scribed, may become the states of North Dakota, South 
Dakota, Montana and Washington, respectively, as herein- 
after provided. 

Sec. 2. The area comprising the territory of Dakota 
shall for the purposes of this act be divided on the line of 
the 7th standard parallel produced due west to the western 
boundary of said territory; and the delegates elected as 
hereinafter provided to the constitutional convention in 
districts north of said parallel shall assemble in convention, 
at the time prescribed in this act, at the City of Bismarck; 
and the delegates elected in districts south of said parallel 
shall, at the same time, assemble in convention at the city 
of Sioux Falls. 

Sec. 3. That all persons who are qualified by the laws 
of said territories to vote for representatives to the legisla- 
tive assemblies thereof are hereby authorized to vote for 
and choose delegates to form conventions in said proposed 
states; and the qualifications for delegates to such conven- 
tions shall be such as by the laws of said territories re- 
spectively, persons are required to possess to be eligible to 
the legislative assemblies thereof; and the aforesaid dele- 
gates to form said conventions shall be apportioned within 
the limits of the proposed states, in such districts as may 
be established as herein provided, in proportion to the popu- 
lation in each of said counties and districts, as near as may 
be, to be ascertained at the time of making said apportion- 
ments by the persons hereinafter authorized to make the 
same from the best information obtainable, in each of which 
districts three delegates shall be elected, but no elector shall 
vote for more than two persons for delegates to such con- 
ventions; that said apportionments shall be made by the 



70 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



governor, the chief justice and the secretary of said terri- 
tories; and the governors of said territories shall, by pro- 
clamation, order an election of the delegates aforesaid in each 
of said proposed states, to be held on the Tuesday after the 
second Monday in May, 1889; which proclamation shall be 
issued on the 15th day of April, 1889; and such election shall 
be conducted, the returns made, thp result ascertained, and 
the certificates to persons elected to such conventions issued 
in the same manner as is prescribed by the laws of the said 
territories regulating elections therein for delegates to con- 
gress; and the number of votes cast for delegates in each pre- 
cinct shall also be returned. The number of delegates to said 
conventions respectively shall be 75; and all persons resident 
in said proposed states who are qualified voters of said ter- 
ritories as herein provided, shall be entitled to vote upon the 
election of delegates ; and under such rules and regulations as 
said conventions may prescribe, not in conflict with this 
act upon the ratification or rejection of the constitutions. 

Sec. 4. That the delegates to the conventions elected 
as provided for in this act shall meet at the • seat of gov- 
ernment of each of said territories, except the delegates 
elected in South Dakota, who shall meet at the city of Sioux 
Falls, on the "fourth dav of July, 1889, and after organiza- 
tion shall declare, on behalf of the people of said proposed 
states, that they adopt the constitution of the United States; 
whereupon the said conventions shall be, and are hereby 
authorized to form constitutions and state . governments for 
said proposed states respectively. The constitution shall be 
republican in form, and make no distinction in civil or political 
rights on account of race or color, except as to Indians not 
taxed, and not be repugnant to the constitution of the 
United States and the principles of the declaration of inde- 
pendence. And said convention shall provide, by ordinances 
irrevocable without the consent of the United States and the 
people of said states: 

First. That the perfect toleration of religious sentiment 
shall be secured, and that no inhabitant of said states shall 
ever be molested in person or property on account of his 
or her mode of religious worship. 

Second. That the people inhabiting said proposed states 
do agree and declare that they forever disclaim all right 
and 'title to the unappropriated public lands lying within the 
boundaries thereof, and to all lands lying within said limits 
owned or held by any Indian or Iridian tribes ; and that until 
the title thereto shall have been extinguished by the United 
States the same shall be and remain subject to the disposition 
of the United States, and said Indian lands shall remain 
under the absolute jurisdiction and control of the congress 
of the United States; that the lands belonging to citizens of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 71 



the United States residing without the said states shall never 
be taxed at a higher rate than the lands belonging to residents 
thereof; that no taxes shall be imposed by the states on lands 
or property therein belonging to or which may hereafter be 
purchased by the United States or reserved for its use. But 
nothing herein, or in the ordinances herein provided for, 
shall preclude the said states from taxing as other lands are 
taxed any lands owned or held by any Indian who has severed 
his tribal relations, and has obtained from the United States or 
from any person a title thereto by patent or other erant, save 
and except such lands as have been or may be granted to any 
Indian or Indians under any act of congress containing a 
provision exempting the lands thus granted from taxation; 
but said ordinances shall provide that all such lands shall be 
exempt from taxation by said states so long and to such extent 
as such act of congress may prescribe. 

Third. That the debts and liabilities of said t-rritories 
shall be assumed and naid by said states respectively. 

Fourth. That provision shall be made for ti.e establish- 
ment and maintenance of systems of public schools, which 
shall be open to all the children of said states, and free from 
sectarian control. 

Sec. 5. That the convention which shall assemble at Bis- 
marck shall form a constitution and state government for a 
state to be known as North Dakota and the convention 
which shall assemble at Sioux Falls shall form a constitu- 
tion and state government for a state to be known as South 
Dakota; provided, that, at the election for delegates to the 
constitutional convention in South Dakota, as hereinbefore 
provided, each elector may have written or printed on his 
ballot the words "For the Sioux Falls Constitution" or the 
words "Against the Sioux Falls Constitution" and the 
votes on this question shall be returned and canvassed in 
the same manner as for the election provided for in section 3 
of this act; and if a majority of all votes cast on this ques- 
tion shall be "For the Sioux Falls Constitution" it shall be 
the duty of the convention which may assemble at Sioux 
Falls, as herein provided, to resubmit to the neople of 
South Dakota, for ratification or rejection at the election 
hereinafter provided for in this act, the constitution framed 
at Sioux Falls and adopted Nov. 3, 1885, and also the ar- 
ticles and propositions separately submitted at that election, 
including the auestion of locating the temporary seat of 
government, with such changes only as relate to the name and 
boundary of the proposed state, to the reapportionment of the 
judicial and legislative districts, and such amendments as may 
be necessary in order to comply with the provisions of this 
act; and if a majority of the votes cast on the ratification or 
rejection of the constitution shall be for the constitution ir- 



7^ 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



cioutK T^\^^ ^^^ articles separately submitted, the state of 
iiiH ,>^^!5^^*«^^^^^ ^« admitted as a state in the union under 
ttcor^? ^ ^^^V^^ *^ hereinafter provided; but the archives, 
t Si«^ ^ ^?^^s o^ the territory of Dakota shall remain 
?. r^ft^^^^^\^^^ capital of North Dakota, until an agreement 
iVon f i^t^S^ 1^^^^^^^ ^s ^^ached by said states. But if at the elec- 
V^aVr^fo ^^^^K^tes to the constitutional convention in South 
iv " A t ? "majority of all the votes cast at that election shall 
^ .*.nf ?* "^^J^^^ Sioux Falls Constitution,'' then, and in that 
^ Iku . ?^^ ^^ t^e <i"ty of the convention which will as- 
?S«0 tr^^ ^^ ^^^y °^ Sioux Falls on the fourth day of July, 
■^ nrn •J?'^?^?^^ ^^ form a constitution and state government 
^^^« ciTk^^J^I *^is ^ct the same as if that question had not 
t,een submitted to a vote of the people of South Dakota. 
. T»e ^* XT , ^^^ ^ t^c duty of the constitutional conven- 
*^^<!lrr.?«rc- °^^^ Dakota and South Dakota to appoint a joint 
^9 o-!^ ^^ ^^ composed of not less than three members 

^^' lori^u^^^iy^^^i^"' w^ose duty it shall be to assemble at 
gismarcK, the r^resent seat of government of said territory, 
and .agree upon an equitable division of all property be- 
loi}?!"^ A ^^^^itory of Dakota, the disposition of all 
public records, and also adjust and ap^ree upon the amount 
^1 the debts and liabilities of the territory which shall be 
g^ssumed and paid by each of the proposed states of North 
pakota and South Dakota, and the agreement reached re- 
specting the territorial debts and liabilities shall be incor- 
porated in the respective constitutions, and each of said 
states shall obligate itself to pay its prooortion of such debts 
and liabihties the same as if they had been created bv such 
states respectively. 

Sec. 7. If the constitutions formed for both North Da- 
kota and South Dakota shall be rejected by the people at 
the elections for the ratification or rejection of their re- 
spective constitutions as provided for in this act, the terri- 
torial government of Dakota shall continue in existence the 
same as if this act had not been passed. But if the consti- 
tution formed for either North Dakota or South Dakota 
shall be rejected by the people, that part of the territory so 
rejecting its proposed constitution shall continue under the 
territorial government of the present territory of Dakota, 
but shall, after the state adopting its constitution is ad- 
mitted into the union be called by the name of 'the terri- 
tory of North Dakota or South Dakota, as the case may be ; 
provided, that if either of the proposed states provided for 
in this act shall reject the constitution which may be sub- 
mitted for ratification or rejection at the election provided 
therefor, the governor of the territory in which such pro- 
posed constitution was rejected shall issue his proclamation 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 73 



reconvening the delegates elected to the convention which 
formed such rejected constitution, fixing the time and place 
at which said delegates shall assemble ; ■ and when so as- 
sembled they shall proceed to form another constitution or 
to amend the rejected constitution, and shall submit such 
new constitution or amended constitution to the people 
of the proposed state for ratification or rej-ection at such time 
as said convention may determine; and all the provisions 
of this act, so far as applicable, shall apply to such conven- 
tion so reassembled and to the constitution which may be 
formed, its ratification or rejection, and to the admission 
of the proposed state. 

Sec. 8. That the constitutional convention which ma\ 
assemble in South Dakota shall provide by ordinance for 
resubmitting the Sioux Falls constitution of 1885, after hav- 
ing amended the same as provided in section 5 of this act, to 
the people ni South Dakota for ratification or rejection at 
an election to be held therein on the first Tuesdav in Octo- 
ber, 1889; but if said constitutional convention is author- 
ized and required to form a new constitution for South Da- 
kota it shall provide for submitting the same in like manner 
to the people of South Dakota for ratification or rejection, 
at an election to be held in said proposed state on the said 
first Tuesday in October. And the constitutional conven- 
tions which may assemble in North Dakota, Montana and 
Washington shall provide in like manner for submitting the 
constitutions formed by them to the people of said pro- 
posed states, respectively, for ratification or rejection at 
elections to be held in said proposed states on the said first 
Tuesday in October. At the elections provided for in this 
section the qualified voters of said proposed states shall 
vote directly for or against the proposed constitutions, and 
for or asrainst any articles or propositions separately sub- 
mitted. The returns of said elections shall be made to the 
secretary of each of said territories, who. with the governor 
and chief justice thereof, or any two of them, shall canvass 
the same; and if a majority of the legal votes cast shall 
be for the constitution the governor shall certify the result 
to the president of the United States, together With a state- 
ment of the votes cast thereon and upon separate articles or 
propositions, and a cooy of the said constitution, articles, 
propositions and ordinances. And if the constitutions and 
governments of said proposed states are republican in form, 
and if all the provisions of this act have been complied 
with in the formation thereof, it shall be the duty of the 
president of the United States to issue his proclamation 
announcing the result of the election in each, and there- 
upon the proposed states which have adooted constitutions 



74 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



and formed state governments as herein provided, shall be 
deemed admitted by congress into the union under and by 
virtue of this act, on an equal footing with the originaf 
states from and after the date of said proclamation. 

Sec. 9. That until the next general census, or until other- 
wise provided by law, said states shall be entitled to one 
representative in tlie house of representatives of the United 
States, except South Dakota, which shall be entitled to two; 
and the representatives to the fifty-first congress, together 
with the governors and other officers provided for in said 
constitutions may be elected on the same day of the elec- 
tion for the ratification or ■ rejection of the constitutions ; 
and until said state officers are elected and qualified under 
the provisions of each constitution and the states, respect- 
ively, are admitted into the union, the territorial officers 
shall continue to discharge the duties of their respective 
offices in each of said territories. 

Sec. 10. That upon the admission of each of said states 
into the union sections numbered 16 and 3^ in everv town- 
ship of said proposed states, and where such sections, or 
any parts thereof, have been sold or otherwise disposed of 
by or under the authority of any act of congress, other 
lands equivalent thereto, in legal subdivisions of not less 
than one-quarter section and as contiguous as may be to 
the section in lieu of which the same is taken, are hereby 
granted to said states for the support of common schools, 
such indemnity lands to be selected within said states in- 
such manner as the legislature may provide, with the ap- 
proval of the secretary of the interior ; provided, that the 
16th and 36th sections embraced in permanent reservations 
for national purposes shall not, at any time, be subject to- 
the grants nor to the indemnity provisions of this act, nor 
shall any lands embraced in Indian, military, or other res- 
ervations of any character, be subject to the grants or to 
the indemnity provisions of this act until the reservation 
shall have been extinguished and such lands be restored to, 
and become a part of, the public domain. 

Sec. 11. That all lands herein granted for educational 
purposes shall be disposed of only at public sale, and at a 
price not less than $10 per acre, the proceeds to constitute 
a permanent school fund, the interest of which only shall 
be expended in the support of said schools. But said lands 
may, under such regulations as the legislature shall pre- 
scribe, be leased for periods of not more than five years, in 
quantities not exceeding one section to any one person or 
company; and such land shall not be subject to pre-emp- 
tion, homestead entry, or any other entry under the land 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 75 

laws of the United States, whether surveyed or unsurveyed, 
but shall be reserved for school purposes only. 

Sec 12. That upon the admission of each of said stateSs 
into the union, in accordance with the provisions of this 
act, fifty sections of the unappropriated public lands within 
said states, to be selected and located in legal subdivisions 
as provided in section 10 of this act, shall be, and are here- 
by, granted to said states for the purpose of erecting public 
buildings at the capital of said states for legislative, ex- 
ecutive and judicial purposes. 

Sec. 13. That 5 per centum of the proceeds of the sales of 
public lands lying within said states which shall be sold 
by the United States subsequent to the admission of said 
states into the union, after deducting all the expenses inci- 
dent to the same, shall be paid to the said states, to be used 
as a permanent fund, the interest of which only shall be 
expended for the support of common schools within said 
states respectively. 

Sec. 14. That the lands granted to the territories of Da- 
kota and Montana by the act of Feb. 18, 1881, entitled "An 
act to grant lands to Dakota, Montana, Arizona, Idaho and 
Wyoming for university purposes," are hereby vested in the 
states of South Dakota, North Dakota and Montana, re- 
spectively, if such states are admitted into the union as 
provided in this act, to the extent of the full quantity of seven- 
ty-two sections to each of said states, and any portion of said 
lands that may not have been selected by either of said terri- 
tories of Dakota or Montana may be selected by the re- 
spective states aforesaid; but said act of February 18, 1881, 
shall be so amended as to provide that none of said lands 
shall be sold for less than $10 per acre, and the proceeds 
shall constitute a permanent fund to be safely invested and 
held by said states severally, and the income thereof be 
used exclusively for university purposes. And such quan- 
tity of the lands authorized by the fourth section of the 
act of July 17, 1854, to be reserved for university purposes 
in the territory of Washington, as, together with the lands 
confirmed to the vendees of the territory by the act of March 
14, 1864, will make the full quantity of seventy-two entire 
sections, are hereby granted in like manner to the state of 
Washington for the purposes of a university in said state. 
None of the lands granted in this section shall be sold at 
less than $10 per acre; but said lands may be leased in 
the same manner as provided in section 11 of this act. The 
schools, colleges and universities provided for in this act 
shall forever remain under the exclusive control of the 
said states respectively, and no part of the proceeds arisini? 
from the sale or disposal of any lands herein granted for 



76 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

educational purposes shall be used for the support of any 
sectarian or denominational school, college or university. 
The section of land granted by the act of June 16, 1880, to 
the territory of Dakota, for an asylum for the insane shall, 
upon the admission of said state of South Dakota into the 
union, become the property of said state. 

Sec. 15. That so much of the lands belonging to the 
United States as have been acquired and set apart for the 
purpose mentioned in "An act appropriating money for 
the erection of a penitentiary in the territory of Dakota," 
approved March 2, 1881, together with the buildings there- 
on, be, and the same is hereby granted, together with any 
unexpended balances of the money appropriated therefor 
by said act, to said state of South Dakota, for the purposes 
therein designated ; and the States of North Dakota and 
Washington shall, respectively,* have like grants for the 
same purpose, and subject to like terms and conditions 
as provided in said act of March 2, 1881, for the territory 
of Dakota. The penitentiary at Deer Lodge City, Mont, 
and all land connected therewith and set apart and re- 
served therefor, are hereby granted to the state of Mon- 
tana. 

Sec. 16. That 90,000 acres of land, to be selected and 
located as 'provided in section 10 of this act, are hereby 
granted to each of said states, except to the state of South 
Dakota, to which 120,000 acres are granted, for the use and 
support of agricultural colleges in said states, as provided 
in the acts of congress making donations of lands for such 
purposes. 

Sec. 17. That in lieu of the grant of land for purposes of 
internal improvement made to new states by the eighth 
section of the act of Sept. 4. 1841, which act is hereby re- 
pealed as to the states provided for by this act, and in lieu 
of any claim or demand by the said states, or either of 
them, under the act of Sept. 28, 1850, and sections 2479 of 
the revised -statutes, making a grant of swamp and over- 
flowed lands to certain states, which grant it is hereby 
declared is not extended to the states provided for in this 
act, and in lieu of any grant of saline lands to said states, 
the following grants of land are hereby made, to wit : 

To the state of South Dakota: For the school of mines, 
40,000 acres; for the reform school, 40,000 acres; for the 
deaf and dumb asylum, 40,000 acres; for the agricultural" 
college, 40,000 acres; for the university, 40,000 acres; for 
the state normal schools, 80,000 acres; for public buildings 
at the capital of said state, 50,000 acres; for such other 
educational and charitable purposes as the legislature of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 77 



said State may determtne, 170,000 acres; in all 500,000 
acres. 

To the state of North Dakota a like quantity of land as 
is in this section granted to the state of South Dakota, and 
to be for like purposes, and in like (proportion as far as 
practicable. 

To the state of Montana: For the establishment and 
maintenance of a school of mines, 100,000 acres; for state 
normal schools, 100,000 acres; for agricultural colleges, in 
addition to the grant hereinbefore made for that purpose^ 
50,000 acres; for the establishment of a state reform school, 
50,000 acres; for the establishment of a deaf and dumb 
asylum, 50,000 acres; for public buildings at the capital of 
the state, in addition to the grants hereinbefore made for 
that purpose, 150,000 acres. 

To the state of Washington: For the establishment and 
maintenance of a scientific school, 100,000 acres; for the 
state normal schools, 100,000 acres; for public buildings at 
the state capital in addition to the grant hereinbefore made 
for that purpose, 100,000 acres; for state, charitable, edu- 
cational, penal and reformatory institutions, 200,000 -acres. 

That the states provided for in this act shall not be en- 
titled to any further or other grants of land for any pur- 
pose than as expressly provided in this act. And the lands 
granted by this section shall be held, appropriated, and dis- 
posed of exclusively for the purposes herein mentioned, in 
such manner as the legislatures of the respective states 
may severally provide. 

Sec. 18. That all mineral lands shall be exempted from 
the grants made by this act. But if sections 16 and 36 or 
any subdivision or portion of any smallest subdivision 
thereof in any township shall be found by the department 
of the interior to be mineral lands said states are herebv 
authorized and empowered to select, in legal subdivisions, 
an equal quantity of other unappropriated lands in said 
states, in lieu thereof, for the use and benefit of the 
common schools of said states. 

Sec. 19. That all lands granted in quantity or as indem- 
nity by this act shall be selected, under the direction of the 
secretary of the .interior, from the surveyed, unreserved and 
unappropriated public lands of the United States within the 
limits of the respective states entitled thereto. And there 
shall be deducted from the number of acres of land donated 
by this act for specific objects to said states the number of 
acres in each heretofore donated by congress to said terri- 
tories for similar objects. 

Sec. 20. That the sum of $20,000, or so much thereof as 
may be necessary, is hereby appropriated out of any money 



78 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, to each of said 
territories for defraying the expenses of said conven- 
tions, except to Dakota, for which the sum of $40,000 is so 
appropriated, $20,000 each to South Dakota and North Da- 
kota, and for the payment of the members thereof, under 
the same rules and regulations and at the same rates as are 
now provided by law for the payment of the territorial leg- 
islatures. Any money hereby appropriated not necessary 
for such purpose shall be covered into the treasury of the 
United States.. 

. Sec. 21. That each of said states, when admitted as afore- 
said, shall constitute one judicial district, the names thereof 
to be the same as the names of the states, respectively; and 
the circuit and district courts therefor shall be held at the 
capital of such state for the time being, and each of said 
districts shall, for judicial purposes, until otherwise pro- 
vided, be attached to the Eighth judicial circuit, except 
Washington and Montana, which shall be attached to the 
Ninth judicial circuit. There shall be appointed for each 
of said districts one district judge, one United States attor- 
ney, and* one United States marshal. The judge of each of 
said districts shall receive a yearly salary of $3,500, pay- 
able in four equal installments, on the first days of January, 
April, July and October of each year, and shall reside in the 
district. There shall be appointed clerks of said courts in 
each district, who shall keep their offices at the capital of 
said state. The regular terms of said courts shall be held 
in each district, at the place aforesaid, on the first Monday 
in April and the first Monday in November of each year, 
and only one grand jury and one petit jury shall be sum- 
moned in both said circuit and district courts. The cir- 
cuit and district courts for each of said districts and the 
judges thereof, respectively, shall possess the same powers 
and jurisdiction, and perform the same duties required to 
be performed by the other circuit and district courts and 
judges erf the United States, and shall be governed by the 
same laws and regulations. The marshal, district attor- 
ney and clerks of the circuit and district courts of each of 
said districts, and all other officers and persons performing 
duties in the administration of justice therein, shall sev- 
erally possess the powers and perform the duties lawfully 
possessed and required to be performed by similar officers 
in other districts of the United States; and shall, for the 
services they may perform, receive the fees and compen- 
sation allowed by law to other similar officers and persons 
performing similar duties in the state of Nebraska. 

Sec. 22. In all cases of appeal or writ of error hereto- 
fore prosecuted and now pending: in the supreme court of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 79 



the United States upon any record from the supreme court 
of either of the territories mentioned in this act, or thM 
may hereafter lawfully be prosecuted upon any record from 
either of said courts, may be heard and determined by said 
supreme court of the United States. And the mandate of 
execution or of further proceedings shall be directed by the 
supreme court of the United States to the circuit or district 
court hereby established within the state succeeding? the 
territory from which such record is or may be pending, or 
to the supreme court of such state, as the nature of the case 
may require; provided, that the mandate of execution or of 
further proceedings shall, in cases arising in the territory 
of Dakota, be directed by the supreme court of the United 
States to the circuit or district court of the district of South 
Dakota, or to the supreme court of the state of South Da- 
kota; or to the circuit or district court of the district of 
North Dakota, or to the supreme court of the state of North 
Dakota, or to the supreme court of the territory of North 
Dakota, as the nature of the case may require. And each 
of the circuit, district and state courts herein named shall, 
respectively, be the successor of the supreme court of the 
territory, as to all such cases arising within the limits em- 
braced within the jurisdiction of such courts respectively, 
with full power to proceed with the same, and award mesne 
or final process therein; and that from all judgments and 
decrees of the supreme court of either of the territories 
•mentioned in this act, in any case arising within the limits 
of any of the proposed states prior to admission, the parties 
to such judgment shall have the same right to prosecute ap- 
peals and writs of error to the supreme court of the United 
States as they shall have had by law prior to the admission 
of said state into the union. 

Sec. 23. That in respect to all cases, proceedings and 
matters now pending in the supreme or district courts of 
either of the territories mentioned in this act at the time of 
the admission into the union of either of the states men- 
tioned in this act, and arising within the limits of any such 
state, whereof the circuit or district courts by this act es- 
tablished might have had jurisdiction under the laws of the 
United States had such courts existed at the time of the 
oomnlen cement of such cases, the said circuit and district 
courts, respectively, shall be the successors of said supreme 
and district courts of said territory; and in respect to all 
other cases, proceedings and matters pending in the su- 
preme or district courts of any of the territories mentioned 
ih this act at the time of the admission of such territory 
into the union, arising >yithin the limits of said proposed 
state, the courts established by such state shall, respect- 



80 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



ivelv. be the successors of said supreme and district terri- 
torial courts; and all the files, records, indictments and pro- 
ceedings refating to any such cases shall be transferred to 
such circuit, district and state courts respectively, and 
the same shall be proceeded with therein in due course of 
law; but no writ, action, indictment, cause or proceeding 
now pending, or that prior to the admission of any of the 
states mentioned in this act shall be pending in any terri- 
torial court in any of the territories mentioned in this act, 
shall abate by the admission of any such state into the 
union, but the same shall be transferred and proceeded with 
in the proper United States circuit, district or state court 
as the case may be; provided, however, that in all civil 
actions, causes and proceedings in which the United States 
is not a party, transfers shall not be made to the circuit and 
district courts of the United States except upon written 
request of one of the parties to such action or proceeding 
filed in the proper court; and in the absence of such re- 
quest, such cases shall be proceeded with in the .prooer 
state courts. 

Sec. 24. That the constitutional conventions may, by 
ordinance, provide for tne election of officers for full state 
governments, including members of the le&^islatures and 
representatives in the fifty-first congress ; but said state 
government shall remain in abeyance until the states shall 
be admitted into the union, respectively, as provided in this 
act. In case the constitution of any of said proposed states 
shall be ratified by the people, but not otherwise, the legis- 
lature thereof may assemble, organize, and elect two sena- 
tors of the United States, and the governor and secretary of 
State of such proposed state shall certify the election of tne 
senators and representatives in the manner reauired ' by 
law; and when such state is admitted into the union the 
senators and representatives shall be entitled to be admit- 
ted to seats in congress, and to all the rights and privileges 
of senators and representatives of other states in the con- 
gress of the United* States; and the officers of the state 
governments formed in pursuance of said constitutions, as 
provided by the constitutional conventions, shall proceed to 
exercise all the functions of such state officers; and all 
laws in force made by^ said territories at the^ time^ of their 
admission into the union shall be in force in said states, 
except as modified or changed by this act or by the consti- 
tutions of the states, respectively. 

Sec 25. That all acts or parts of acts in conflict with the 
provisions of this act, whether passed by the legislatures of 
said territories or by congress, are hereby repealed. 



STATE CONSTITUTION 



[Adopted Oct. 1, 1889; yeas, 27,441; nays, 8,107.] 

We, the people of North Dakota, grateful to Almighty God 
for the blessings of civil and religious liberty, do ordain 
and establish this constitution. 

Article 1. — ^Declaration of Rights. 

Section 1. All men are by nature equally free and independ- 
ent and have certain inalienable rights, among which are those 
of enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, pos- 
sessing and protecting property and reputation; and 
pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness. 

Sec. 2. All political power is inherent in the people. Gov- 
ernment is instituted for the protection, security and benefit 
of the people, and they have a right to alter or reform the 
same whenever the public good may require. 

Sec. 3. The state of North Dakota is an inseparable part 
of the American union and the constitution of the United 
States is the supreme law of the land. 

Sec. 4. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious pro- 
fession and worship, without discrimination or preference, 
shall be forever guaranteed in this state, and no per- 
son shall be rendered incompetent to be a witness or juror 
on account of his opinion on matters of religious belief; 
but the liberty of conscience hereby secured shall not be 
so construed as to excuse acts of licentiousness, or justify 
practices inconsistent with the peace or safety of this state. 

Sec. 5. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall 
not be suspended unless, when in case of rebellion or in- 
vasion, the public safety may require. 

Sec. 6. All persons shall be bailable by sufficient sureties, 
unless for capital offenses, when the proof is evident or the 
presumption great. Excessive bail shall not be required, 
nor excessive fines imposed, nor shall cruel or unusual 
punishments be inflicted. Witnesses shall not be unreason- 
ably detained, nor be confined in any room where criminals 
are actually imprisoned. 

Sec. 7. The right of trial by jury shall be secured to all, 
and remain inviolate; but a jury in civil cases, in courts 
not of record, may consist of less than twelve men, as may 
be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 8. Until otherwise provided by law, no person shall, 
for a felony, be proceeded against criminally, otherwise 

-6- 



82 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

than by indictment, except in cases arising in the land or 
naval forces, or in the militia when in actual service in 
time of war or public danger. In all other cases 
offenses shall be prosecuted criminally by indictment or in- 
formation. The legislative assembly may change, regulate 
or abolish the grand jury system. 

Sec. 9. Every man may freely write, speak and publish 
his opinions on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse 
of that privilege. In all civil and criminal trials for libel 
the truth may be given in evidence, and shall be a sufficient 
defense when the matter is published with good motives 
and for justifiable ends; and the jury shall have the same 
power of giving a general verdict as in other cases; and 
in all indictments or informations for libels the jury shall 
have the right to determine the law and the facts under the 
direction of the court, as in other cases. 

Sec. 10. The citizens have a right, in a peaceable man- 
ner, to assemble together for the common good, and to ap- 
ply to those invested with the powers of government for the 
redress of grievances, or for other proper purposes, by 
petition, address or remonstrance. 

Sec. 11. All laws of a general nature shall have a uni- 
form operation. * 

Sec. 12. The military shall be subordinate to the civil 
power. No standing armv shall be maintained b^'- this state 
in time of peace, and no soldiers shall, in time of peace, 
be quartered in any house without the consent of the 
owner; nor in time of war, except in the manner pre- 
scribed by law. 

Sec. 13. In criminal prosecutions in any court whatever, 
the iparty accused shall have the right to a speedy and pub- 
lic trial; to have the process of the court to compel the at- 
tendance of witnesses in his behalf; and to appear and 
defend in person and with counsel. No person shall be 
twice put in jeopardy for the same offense, nor be com- 
pelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, 
nor be deprived of lif€, liberty or property without due pro- 
cess of law. 

Sec. 14. Private property shall not be taken or dam- 
aged for public use without just compensation having been 
first made to, or r»aid into court for the owner and no right 
of way shall be appropriated to the use of any corporation, 
other than municioal, until full compensation therefor be 
first made in money or ascertained and paid into court for 
the owner, irrespective of any benefit from any improvement 
proposed by such corporation, which compensation shall be 
ascertained by a jury, unless a jurv be waived. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 83 



Sec 15. No person shall be imprisoned for debt unless 
upon refusal to deliver up his estate for the benefit of his 
creditors, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law; 
or in case of tort; or where there is strong presumption 
of fraud. 

Sec. 16. No bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law 
impairing the obligations of contracts shall ever be passed. 

Sec. 17. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, un- 
less for the punishment of crime, shall ever be tolerated in 
this state. 

Sec. 18. The rieht of the people to be secure in their 
persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable 
•searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no war- 
rant shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath 
or affirmation, particularly describing the place to be 
•searched and the persons and things to be seized. 

Sec. 19. Treason against the state shall consist only in 
levying war against it, adhering to its enemies or giving 
them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of 
treason unless on the evidence of two witnesses to the same 
overt act, or confession in open court. 

Sec. 20. No special privileges or immunities shall ever 
be granted which may not be altered, revoked or repealed 
by the legislative assembly; nor shall any citizen or class 
of citizens be granted privileges or immunities which upon 
the same terms shall not be granted to all citizens. 

Sec. 21. The provisions of this constitution are manda- 
tory and prohibitory 'unless, by express words, they are de- 
clared to be otherwise. 

Sec. 22. All courts shall be open and every man for any 
injury done him in his lands, goods, person or reputation 
-shall have remedy by due process of law, and right and 
justice administered without sale, denial or delay. Suits 
may be brought against the state in such manner, in such 
courts and in such cases as the legislative assembly may, 
"by' law, direct. 

Sec. 23. Every citizen of this state shall be free to obtain 
employment wherever possible, and any person, corpora- 
tion, or agent thereof, maliciously interfering or hindering 
in any way, any citizen from obtaining or enjoying employ- 
ment already obtained, from any other corporation or per- 
son, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. 

Sec. 24. To guard against transgressions of the high 
powers which we have delegated, we declare that every- 
-thing in this article is excepted out of the general powers 
of government and shall forever remain inviolate. 



84 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

ARTICLE IL— Legislative Department. 

Sec. 25. The legislative power shall be vested in a sen- 
ate and house of representatives. 

Sec. 26. The senate shall be composed of not less than 
thirty nor more than fifty members. 

Sec. 27. Senators shall be elected for the term of four 
years, except as hereinafter provided. 

Sec. 28. No person shall be a senator who is not a qual- 
ified elector in the district in which he may be chosen, and 
who shall not have attained the age of twenty-five years, 
and have been a resident of the state or territory for twa 
years next preceding his election. 

Sec 29. The legislative assembly shall fix the number 
of senators, and divide the state into as many senatorial 
districts as there are senators, which districts, as nearly as 
may be, shall be equal to each other in the number of in- 
habitants entitled to representation. Each district shall 
be entitled to one senator and no more, and shall be com- 
posed of compact and contiguous territory; and no portion 
of any county shall be attached to any other county, or 
part thereof, so as to form a district. The districts as thus 
ascertained and determined shall continue until changed by 
law. 

Sec. 30. The senatorial districts shall be numbered con- 
secutively from one upwards, according to the number of 
districts prescribed, and the senators shall be divided into 
two classes. Those elected in the districts designated by 
even numbers shall constitute one class, and those elected 
in districts designated by odd numbers shall constitute the 
other class. The senators in one class elected in the year 
1890 shall hold their office for two years, those of the other 
class shall hold their office four years, and the determina- 
tion of the two classes shall be by lot, so that one-half of 
the senators, as nearly as practicable, may be elected bien- 
nially. 

Sec. 31. The senate at the beginning and close of each 
regular session, and at such other times as may be neces- 
sary, shall elect one of its members president pro tempore, 
who may take the place of the lieutenant governor under 
rules prescribed by law. 

Sec. 32. The house of representatives shall be composed 
of not less than sixty nor more than one hundred and forty 
members. 

Sec. 33. Representatives shall be elected for the term of 
two years. 

Sec. 34. No person shall be a representative who is not 

a qualified elector in the district from which he may be 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 85 

chosen, and who shall not have attained the age of twenty- 
one year^, and have been a resident of the state or territory 
for two years next preceding his election. 

Sec. 35. The members of the house of representatives 
shall be apportioned to and elected at large from each sen- 
atorial district The legislative assembly shall, in the year 
1895, and every tenth year, cause an enumeration to be 
made of all the ^ inhabitants of this state, and shall at its 
first regular session after each such enumeration, and also 
after each federal census, proceed to fix by law the number 
of senators which shall constitute the senate oi North Da- 
kota, and the number of representatives which shall con- 
stitute the house of representatives of North Dakota, with- 
in the limits prescribed by this constitution, and at the 
same session shall proceed to reapportion the state into 
senatorial districts, as prescribed by this constitution, and 
to fix the number of members of the house of representa- 
tives to be elected from^ the several senatorial districts; 
provided, that the legislative assembly may, at any regular 
session, redistrict the state into senatorial districts and 
apportion the senators and representatives respectively. 

Sec 36. The house of representatives shall elect one of its 
members as speaker. 

Sec. 37. No judge or clerk of any court, secretary of 
state, attorney general, register of deeds, sheriff or person 
holding any office of profit under this state, except in the 
militia, or the office of attorney at law, notary public or jus- 
tice of the peace, and no person holding any office of profit 
or honor under any foreign government, or under the gov- 
ernment of the United States, except postmasters whose 
annual compensation does not exceed the sum of $300, shall 
hold any office in either branch of the legislative assembly 
or become a member thereof. 

Sec 38. No member of the legislative assembly expelled 
for corruption, and no person convicted of 'bribery, perjury 
or other infamous crime, shall be eligible to the legislative 
assembly, or to any office in either branch thereof. 

Sec. 39.' No member of the legislative assembly shall, 
during the term for which he was elected, be appointed or 
elected to any civil office in this state, which shall have 
been created, or the emoluments of which shall have been 
increased, during the term for which he was elected; nor 
shall any member receive any civil appointment from the 
governor, or governor and senate, during the term for which 
he shall have been elected. 

Sec 40. If any person elected to either house of the leg- 
islative assembly shall offer or promise to give his vote or 



86 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



influence in favor of, or against, any measure or proposi- 
tion pending or proposed to be introduced into the legisla- 
tive assembly, in consideration, or upon conditions, that 
any other person elected to the same legislative assembly 
will give, or will promise or assent to give, his vote or in- 
fluence in favor of or against any other measure or proposi- 
tion pending or proposed to be introduced into such legis- 
lative assembly, the person making such offer or promise 
shall be deemed guilty of solicitation of bribery. If any 
member of the legislative assembly shall give his vote or 
influence for or against any measure or proposition, pend- 
ing or proposed to be introduced into such legislative 
assembly, or offer, promise or assent to do upon condi- 
tion that any other member will give, promise or assent to 
give his vote or influence in favor of or against any otner 
such measure or proposition pending or proposed to be 
introduced into such legislative assembly, or in considera- 
tion that any other member hath given his vote or influ- 
ence for or against any other measure or proposition in 
such legislative assembly, he shall be deemed guilty of brib- 
ery. And any person, member of the legislative assembly 
or person elected thereto, who shall be guilty of either such 
oflFenses, shall be expelled, and shall not thereafter be eligi- 
ble to the legislative assembly, and on the conviction 
thereof, in the ciyil courts, shall be liable to such further 
penalty as may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 41. The term of service of the members of the leg- 
islative assembly shall begin on the first Tuesday in Jan- 
uary, next after their election. 

Sec. 42. The members of the legislative assembly shall 
in all cases except treason, felony and breach of the peace, 
be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the 
sessions of their respective houses, and in going to or re- 
turning from the same. For words used in any speech or 
debate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any 
other place. 

Sec. 43. Any member who has a personal or private in- 
terest in any measure or bill proposed or pending before 
the legislative assembly, shall disclose the fact to the house 
of which he is a member and shall not vote thereon with- 
out the consent of the house. 

Sec. 44. The governor shall issue writs of election to 
fill such vacancies as may occur in either house of the legis- 
lative assembly. 

Sec. 45. Each member of the legislative assembly shall 
receive as a compensation for his services for each session, 
five dollars per day, and ten cents for every mile of neces- 
sary travel in going to and returning from the place of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 87 

the meeting of the legislative assembly on the most usual 
route. 

Sec. 46. A majority of the members of each house shall 
constitute a quorum, but a smaller number may adjourn 
from day to day, and may compel the attendance of absent 
members in such a manner and under such a penalty as 
may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 47. Each house shall be the judge of the election re- 
turns and the qualifications of its own members. 

Sec 48. Each house shall have the power to determine 
the rules of proceeding, and punish its members or other 
persons for contempt or disorderly behavior in its pres- 
ence; to protect its members against violence or offers of 
bribes or private solicitation, and with the concurrence of 
two-thirds, to expel a member; and shall have all other 
powers necessary and usual in the legislative assembly of 
a free state. But no imprisonment by either house shall 
continue beyond thirty days. Punishment for contempt 
or disorderly behavior shall not bar a criminal prosecution 
for the same offense. 

Sec. 49. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceed- 
ings, and the yeas and nays on any question shall be taken 
and entered on the journal at the request of one-sixth of 
those present. 

Sec. 50. The sessions of each house and of the commit- 
tee of the whole shall be open unless the business is such 
as ought to be kept secret. 

Sec. 51. Neither house shall, without the consent of the 
other, adjourn for more than three days nor to any other 
place than that in which the two houses sh^l be sitting, 
except in case of epidemic, pestilence or other great danger. 

Sec. 52. The senate and house of representati /es jointly 
shall be designated as the legislative assembly of the state 
of North Dakota. 

Sec. 53. The legislative assembly shall meet at the seat 
of government at 12 o'clock noon on the first Tuesday after 
the first Monday in January, in the year next following tne 
election of the members thereof. 

Sec. 54. In all elections to be made by the legislative 
assembly, or either house thereof, the members shall vote 
viva voce, and their votes shall be entered in the journal. 

Sec. 55. The sessions of the legislative assembly shall be 
biennial, except as otherwise provided in this constitution. 

Sec 56. No regular session of the legislative assembly 
shall exceed sixty days, except in case of impeachment, but 
the first session of the legislative assembly may continue 
for a period of one hundred and twenty days. 



88 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Sec. 57. Any bill may originate in either house of the 
legislative assembly, and a bill passed by one house may 
be amended by the other. 

Sec. 58. No law shall be passed, except by a bill adopted 
by both houses, and no bill shall be altered and amended 
on its passage through either house as to change its original 
purpose. 

Sec. 59. The enacting clause of every law shall be as 
follows: "Be it enacted by the Legislative Assembly of the 
State of North Dakota." 

Sec 60. No bill for the appropriation of money, except 
for the expenses of the government, shall be introduced 
after the fortieth day of the session, except T)y unanimous 
consent of the house in which it is sought to be introduced. 

Sec. 61. No bill shall embrace more than one subject, 
which shall be expressed in its title, but a bill which vio- 
lates this provision shall be invalidated thereby only as to 
so much thereof as shall not be so expressed. 

Sec. 62. The general appropriation bill shall embrace 
nothing but appropriations for the expenses of the execu- 
tive, legislative and judicial departments of the state, in- 
terest on the public debt and for public schools. All other 
appropriations shall be made by separate bills, each em- 
bracing but one subject. 

Sec 63. Every bill shall be read three several times, but 
the first and second readings, and those only, may be upon 
the same day; and the second reading may be by title of 
the bill unless a readincr at length be demanded. The first 
and third readings shall be at length. No legislative day 
shall be shorter than the natural day. 

Sec 64. No bill shall be revised or amended, nor the pro- 
visions thereof extended or incorporated in any other bill 
by reference to its title only, but so^ much thereof as is 
revised, amended or extended or so incorporated shall be 
re-enacted and published at length. 

Sec. 65. No bill shall become a law except by a vote of 
a majoritv of all the members-elect in each house, nor un- 
less, on its final passage, the vote be taken by veas and 
nays, and the names of those voting be entered on the 
journal. 

Sec 66. The presiding officer of each house shall, in the 
presence of the house over which he presides, sign all bills 
and joint resolutions passed by the leojislative assembly; 
immediately before such signing their title shall be publicly 
read and the fact of signing shall be at once entered on the 
journal. 

Sec. 67. No act of the lec:islative assembly shall take 
effect until July 1, after the close of the session, unless in 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 89 

case of emergency (which shall be expressed in the pream- 
ble or body of the act) the legislative assembly shall, by a 
vote of two-thirds of all the members present in each house, 
otherwise direct. 

Sec 68. The legislative assembly shall pass all laws 
necessary to carry into effect the provisions of this consti- 
tution. 

Sec 69. The legislative assembly shall not pass local or 
special laws in any of the following enumerated cases, that 
is to say: 

1. For granting divorces. 

2. Laying out, opening, altering or working roads or 
highways, vacating roads, town plats, streets, alleys or pub- 
lic grounds. 

3. Locating or changing county seats. 

4. Regulating county or township affairs. 

5. Regulating the practice of courts of justice. 

6. Regulating the jurisdiction and duties of justices of 
the peace, police magistrates or constables. 

7. Changing the rules of evidence in any trial or in- 
quiry. 

8. Providing for change of venue in civil or criminal 
cases. 

9. Declaring any person of age. 

10. For limitation of civil actions, or giving effect to 
informal or invalid deeds. 

11. Summoning or impaneling grand or petit juries. 

12. Providing for the management of common schools. 

13. Regulating the rate of interest on money.^ 

14*. The opening or conducting of any election or desi<?- 
nating the place of voting. 

15. The sale or mortgage of real estate belonging to 
minors or others under disability. 

16. Chartering or licensing ferries, toll bridges or toll 
Toads. 

17. Remitting fines, oenalties or forfeitures. 

18. Creating, increasing or decreasing fees, percentages 
-or allowances of public officers. 

19. Changing the law of descent. 

20. Granting to anv corporation, association or individual 
the right to lay down railroad tracks or any special or ex- 
clusive privilege, immunity or franchise whatever. 

21. For the punishment of crimes. 

22. Changing the names of persons or places. 

23. For the assessment or collection of taxes. 

24. Affecting estates of deceased persons, minors or oth- 
ers under leeal disabilities. 

25. Extending the time for the collection of taxes. 



90 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



26. Refunding money into the state treasury. 

27. Relinquishing or extinguishing in whole or in part 
the indebtedness, liability or obligation of any corporation 
or person to this state or to any municipal corporation 
therein. 

28. Legalizing, except as against the state, the unau- 
thorized or invalid act of anv officer. 

29. Exempting property from taxation. 

30. Restoring to citizenship persons convicted of infam- 
ous crimes. 

31. Authorizing the creation, extension or impairing of 
liens. 

32. Creating offices, or prescribing the powers or duties 
of officers in counties, cities, township, election or school 
districts, or authorizing the adoption or legitimation of 
children. 

33. Incorporation of cities, towns or villages, or chang- 
ing or amending the charter of any town, city or village. 

34. Providing for the election of members of the board 
of supervisors in townships, incorporated towns or cities. 

35. The protection of game or fish. 

Sec. 70. In all other cases where a general law can be 
made applicable, no special law shall be enacted; nor shall 
the legislative assembly indirectly enact such special or 
local law by the partial repeal of a general law, but laws 
repealing local or special acts may be passed. 

ARTICLE III. — Executive Department. 

Sec. 71. The executive power shall be vested in a gover- 
nor, who shall reside at the seat of government and shall 
hold his office for the term of two years and until his suc- 
cessor is elected and duly qualified. 

Sec. 72. A lieutenant governor shall be elected at the 
same time and for the same term as the governor. In case 
of the death, impeachment, resignation, failure to qualify^ 
absence from the state, removal from office, or the dis- 
ability of the governor, the powers and duties of the office, 
for the residue of the term, or until he shall be acquitted 
or the disability removed, shall devolve Upon the lieuten- 
ant governor. 

Sec. 73. No person shall be eligible to the office of gov- 
ernor or lieutenant governor unless he be a citizen of the . 
United States, and a qualified elector of the state, who 
shall have attained the age of thirty years, and who shall 
have resided five years next preceding the election within 
the state or territory, nor shall he be eligible to any other 
office during the term for which he shall have been elected. 

Sec. 74. The governor and lieutenant governor shall be 
elected by the qualified electors of the state at the time 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 91 



and places of choosing members of the legislative assembly. 
The persons having the highest number of votes for gov- 
ernor and lieutenant governor respectively shall be de- 
clared elected, but if two or more shall have an equal and 
highest number of votes for governor or lieutenant gov- 
ernor, the two houses of the legislative assembly at its next 
regular session shall forthwith, by joint ballot, choose one 
of such persons for said office. The returns of the election 
for governor and lieutenant governor shall be made in such 
manner as shall be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 75. The governor shall be commander-in-chief of 
the military and naval forces of the state, except when they 
shall be called into the service of the United States, and 
may call out the same to execute the laws, suppress insur- 
rection and repel invasion. He shall have power to convene 
the legislative assembly on extraordinary occasions. He 
shall at the commencement of each session communicate 
to the legislative assembly by message, information of the 
condition of the state, and recommend such measures 
as he shall deem expedient. He shall transact all neces- 
sary business with the officers of the government, civil and 
military. He shall expedite all such measures as may be 
resolved upon by the legislative assembly and shall take 
care that the laws be faithfully executed. 

Sec. 76. The governor shall have power to remit fines 
and forfeitures, to grant reprieve, commutations and par- 
dons after conviction, for all offenses except treason and 
cases of impeachment; but the legislative assembly may by 
law regulate the manner in which the remission of fines, 
pardons, commutations and reprieves may be applied for. 
Upon conviction for treason he shall have power to suspend 
the execution of sentence until the case shall be reported 
to the legislative assembly at its next regular session, when 
the legislative assembly shall either pardon or commute the 
sentence, direct "the execution of the sentence or grant fur- 
ther reprieve. He shall communicate to the legislative 
assembly at each regular session each case of remission of 
fine, reprieve, commutation or pardon granted by him, stat- 
ing the name of the convict, the crime for which he is con- 
victed, the sentence and its date, and the date of the re- 
mission, commutation, pardon or reprieve, with his reasons 
for granting the same. 

Note. — This section amended by Article 3, Amendments to 
the Constitution. 

Sec. 77. The lieutenant governor shall be president of 
the senate, but shall have no vote unless they be equally 
divided. If, during a vacancy in the office of governor, the 
lieutenant governor shall be impeached, displaced, resign 
or die, or from mental or physical disease, or otherwise be- 
come incapable of performing the duties of his office, the 



^2 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

secretary of state shall act as governor until the vacancy 
shall be filled or the disability removed. 

Sec 78. When any office shall from any cause become 
vacant, and no mode is provided by the constitution or law 
for filling such vacancy, the governor shall have power to 
fill such vacancy by appointment. 

Sec. 79. Every bill which shall have passed the legisla- 
tive assembly shall, before it becomes a law, be presented 
to the governor. If he approves, he shall sign, but if not, 
he shall return it with his objections, to the house in which 
it originated, which shall entef the objections at large upon 
the journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such 
reconsideration, two-thirds of the members-elect shall 
agree ^ to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the 
objections, to the other house, by which it shall likewise 
be reconsidered, and if it be approved by two-thirds of 
the members-elect, it shall become a law; but in all such 
cases the vote of both houses shall be determined by the 
yeas and nays, and the names of the members voting for 
and against the bill shall be entered upon the journal of 
each house respectively. If any bill shall not be returned 
by the governor within three days (Sundays excepted) after 
it shall have been presented to him, the same ^hall be 
a law unless the legislative assembly, by its adjournment, 
prevent its return, in which case it shall be a, law unless he 
shall file the same with his objections in the office of the 
secretary of state within fifteen days after such adjourn- 
ment 

Sec. 80. The governor shall have power to disapprove 
of any item or items or part or parts of any bill making 
appropriations of money or property embracing distinct 
items, an-d the part or parts of the bill approved shall be 
the law, and the item or items and^ part or parts disap- 
proved shall be void, unless enacted in the following man- 
ner: If the legislative assembly be in session he shall 
transmit to the house in which the bill originated a copy 
of the item or items, or part or parts thereof disapproved, 
together with his objections thereto, and the items or parts 
objected to shall be separately reconsidered, and each item 
or part shall then take the same course as is prescribed for 
the passage of bills over the executive veto. 

Sec 81. Any governor of this state who asks, receives 
or agrees to receive, any bribe upon any understanding 
that his official opinion, judgment or action shall be 
influenced thereby, or who gives or offers, or promises his 
official influence in consideration that any member of the 
legislative assembly shall give his official vote or influence 
on any particular side of any question or matter upon 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 95 

which he may be required to act in his official capacity, or 
who menaces any member by the threatened use of his 
veto power, or who offers or promises any member that 
he, the said governor, will appoint any particular person 
or persons to any office created or thereafter to be created^ 
in consideration that any member shall give his official 
vote or influence on any matter pending or thereafter to be 
introduced into either house of said legislative assembly, 
or who threatens any member that he, the said governor, 
will remove any person or persons from office or position, 
with intent in any manner to influence the action of said 
member, shall be punished in the manner now, or . that 
may hereafter be provided by law, and upon conviction 
thereof shall forfeit all right to hold or exercise any office 
of trust or honor in this state. 

Sec 82. There shall be chosen by the qualified electors 
of the state, at the times and places of choosing members 
of the legislative assembly, a secretary of state, auditor,, 
treasurer, superintendent of public instruction, commission- 
er of insurance, three commissioners of railroads, an 
attorney general and one commissioner of agriculture and 
labor, who shall have attained the age of twenty-five years, 
shall be citizens of the United States, and shall have the 
qualifications of state electors. They shall severally hold 
their offices at the seat of government, for the term of twa 
years and^ until their successors are elected and duly quali- 
fied, but rib person shall be eligible to the office of treasurer 
for more than two consecutive terms. 

Sec. 83. The powers and duties of the secretary of state, 
auditor, treasurer, superintendent of public instruction, 
commissioner of insurance, commissioners of railroads, at- 
torney general and commissioner of agriculture and labor 
shall be as prescribed by law. 

Sec. 84. Until otherwise provided by law, the governor 
shall receive an annual salary of three thousand dollars; 
the lieutenant governor shall receive an annual salary of 
one thousand dollars; the secretary of state, auditor, treas- 
urer, superintendent of public instruction, commissioner 
of insurance, commissioners of railroads, and attorney gen- 
eral shall each receive an annual salary of two thousand 
dollars; the salary of the commissioner of agriculture and 
labor shall be as prescribed by law, but the salaries of any 
of the said officers shall not be increased or diminished 
during the period for which they shall have been elected, 
and all fees and profits arising from any of the said offices 
shall be coveted into the state treasury. ^ 



94 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



ARTICLE IV. — ^Judicial Department. 

Sec. 85. The judicial power of the state of North Dakota 
shall be vested in a supreme court, district courts, county 
courts, justices of the peace, and in such other courts as 
may be created by law for cities, incorporated towns and 
villages. 

Sec. 86. The suoreme court, except as otherwise pro- 
vided in this constitution, shall have appellate jurisdiction 
only, which shall be co-extensive with the state and shall 
have a general superintending control over all inferior 
courts under such regulations and limitations as may be 
prescribed by law. 

Sec. 87. It shall have power to issue writs of habeas 
corpus, mandamus, quo warranto, certiorari, injunction and 
such other original and remedial writs as may be necessary 
to the proper exercise of its jurisdiction, and shall have 
authority to hear and determine the same; provided, how- 
ever, that no jury trial shall be allowed in said supreme 
court, but in proper cases questions of fact may be sent by 
said court to a district court for trial. 

Sec. 88. Until otherwise provided by law three terms of 
the supreme court shall be held each year, one at the seat 
of government, one at Fargo in the county of Cass, and one 
at Grand Forks, in the county of Grand Forks. 

Note. — Under the provisions of an act of the legislature of 
1909, two general terms of the supreme court shall be 
held at the seat of government, to be known as the April 
and October terms, and only special terms will be held 
at cities other than Bismarck upon twenty days previous 
published notice. 

Sec. 89. The supreme court shall consist of three judges, 
a majority of whom shall be necessary to form a quorum 
or pronounce a decision, but one or more of said judges 
may adjourn the court from day to day or to a day certain. 

Note. — 'Five judges provided for by amendment adopted 1908. 

Sec. 90. The judges of the supreme court shall be elected 
by the qualified electors of the state at large, and except 
as may be otherwise provided herein for the first election 
for judges under this constitution, said judges shall be 
elected at general elections. 

Sec. 91. The term of office of the judges of the supreme 
court except as in this article otherwise provided, shall be 
six years, and they shall hold their offices until their suc- 
cessors are duly qualified. 

' Sec. 92. The judges of the supreme court shall, imme- 
diately after the first election imder this constitution, be 
classified by lot so that one shall hold his office for the 
term of three years, one for the term of five years, and 
one for the term of seven years from the first Monday in 
December, A. D. 1889. The lots shall be dra^rn by the 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 95 



judges, who shall for that purpose assemble at the seat 
of government, and they shall cause the result thereof 
to be certified to the secretary of the territory and filed 
in his oflftce, unless the secretary of state of North Dakota 
shall have entered upon the duties of his office, in which 
event said certification shall be filed therein The judge 
having the shortest term to serve, not holding his office 
by election or appointment to fill a vacancy, shall be chief 
justice and shall preside at all terms of the supreme court, 
and in case of his absence the judge having in like 
manner the next shortest term to serve shall preside in his 
stead. 

Sec 93. There shall be a clerk and also a reporter of 
the supreme court, who shall be appointed by the judges 
thereof, and who shall hold their offices during the pleasure 
of said judges, and whose duties and emoluments shall be 
prescribed by law and by rules of the supreme court not 
inconsistent with law. The legislative assembly shall 
make provision for the publication and distribution of the 
decisions of the supreme court and for the sale of the pub- 
lished volumes thereof. 

Sec. 94. No person shall be eligible to the office of judge 
of the supreme court unless he be learned in law, be at 
least thirty years of age and a citizen of the United States, 
nor unless he shall have resided in this state or the terri- 
tory of Dakota three years next preceding his election. 

Sec. 95. Whenever the population of the state of North 
Dakota shall equal 600,000 the legislative assembly shall 
have the power to increase the number of the judges of the 
supreme court to five, in which event a majority of said 
court, as thus increased, shall constitute a quorum. 

Note. — See Amendments, Article X. 

Sec. 96. No duties shall be imposed by law upon the su- 
preme court or any of the judges thereof, except such as 
are judicial, nor shall any of the judges thereof exercise 
any power of appointment except as herein provided. 

Sec. 97. The style of all process shall be "The State of 
North Dakota." All prosecutions shall be carried on in 
the name and by the authority of the state of North Da- 
kota, and conclude "against the peace and dignity of the 
State of North Dakota." 

Sec. 98. Any vacancy happening by death, resignation 
or otherwise in the office of judge of the supreme court 
shall be filled by appointment, by the governor, which ap- 
pointment shall continue until the first general election there- 
after, when said vacancy shall be filled by election. 

Sec. 99. The judges of the supreme and district courts 
shall receive such compensation for their services as may 
be prescribed by law, whicli compensation shall not be in- 



96 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



creased or diminished during the term for which a judge 
shall have been elected. 

Sec 100. In case a judge of the supreme court shall be 
in any way interested in a cause brought before said court 
the remaining judges of said court shall call one of the dis- 
trict judges to sit with them m the hearing of said cause. 

Sec. 101. When a judgment or decree is reversed or con- 
firmed by the supreme court, every point fairly arising 
upon the record of the case shall be considered and decided, 
and the reasons therefor shall be concisely stated in writ- 
ing, signed by the judges concurring, filed in the office of 
the clerk of the supreme court, and preserved with a record 
of the case. Any judge dissenting therefrom may give the 
reasons for his dissent in writinj? over his signature. 

Sec. 102. It shall be the duty of the court to prepare a 
syllabus of the points adjudicated in each case, which shall 
be concurred in by a majority of the judges thereof, and it 
shall be prefixed to the published reports of the case. 

Sec. 103. The district courts shall have original jurisdic- 
tion, except as otherwise provided in this constitution, of 
all causes both at law and equity, and such appellate juris- 
diction as may be conferred by law. They and the judges 
thereof shall also have jurisdiction and power to issue writs 
of habeas corpus, quo warranto, certiorari, injunction and 
other original and remedial writs, with authority to hear 
and determine the same. 

Sec. 104. The state shall be divided into six judicial dis- 
tricts, in each of which there shall be elected at general 
elections by the electors thereof one judge of the district 
court therein whose term of office shall be four years from 
the first Monday in January succeeding his election and 
until his successor is duly qualified. This section shall 
not be construed as governing the first election of district 
judges under this constitution. 

Sec. 105. Until otherwise provided by law, said districts 
shall be constituted as follows: 

District No. One shall consist of the counties of Pembina, 
Cavalier, Walsh, Nelson and Grand Forks. 

District No. Two shall consist of the counties of Ramsey, 
Towner, Benson, Pierce, Rolette, Bottineau, McHenry, 
Church, Renville, Ward, Stevens, Mountraille, Garfield, 
Flannery and Buford. 

District No. Three shall consist of the counties of Cass, 
Steele and Traill. 

District No. Four snail consist of the counties of Rich- 
land, Ransom, Sargent, Dickey and Mrlntosh. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 97 

District No. Five shall consist of the counties of Logan, 
La Moure, Stutsman, Barnes, Wells, Foster, Eddy and 
Griggs. 

District No. Six shall consist of the counties of Burleigh, 
Emmons, Kidder, Sheridan, McLean, Morton, Oliver, Mer- 
cer, Williams, Stark, Hettinger, Bowman, Billings, Mc- 
Kenzie, Dunn, Wallace and Allred, and that portion of the 
Sioux Indian reservation lying north of the seventh stand- 
ard parallel. 

Note. — Since the adoption of the constitution up to and in- 
cluding the session of the legislature of 1909, four ad- 
ditional districts have been created. The first district now 
comprises the counties of Grand Forks and Nelson; the 
second district comprises the counties of Benson, Ramsey, 
Rolette and Towner; the third district comprises the coun- 
ties of Cass, Steele and Traill; the fourth district comprises 
the counties of Dickey, Mcintosh, Ransom, Richlana and 
Sargent; the fifth district comprises the counties of Barnes, 
Eddy, Foster, Griggs, LaMoure, Logan, Stutsman and 
Wells; the sixth district comprises the counties of Bur- 
leigh, Emmons, Kidder, McLean and Sheridan; the sev- 
enth district comprises the counties of Cavalier, Pembina 
and Walsh; the eighth district comprises the counties of 
Mountrail, Ward and Williams; the ninth district com- 
prises the counties of Bottineau, McHenry and Pierce; 
the tenth district comprises the counties of Adams, Bil- 
lings, Bowman, Dunn, Hettinger, McKenzie, Mercer, 
Morton, Oliver and Stark. 

Sec. 106. The legislative assembly may, whenever two- 
thirds of the members of each house shall concur therein, 
but not oftener than once in four years, increase the num- 
ber of said judicial districts and the judges thereof; such 
districts shall be formed from compact territory and 
bounded by county lines, but such increase or change in the 
boundaries of the districts shall not work the removal of 
any judge from his office during the term for which he 
may have been ele'cted or appointed. 

Sec. 107. No person shall be eligible to the office of dis- 
trict judge, unless he be learned in the law, be at least 
twenty-five years of age, and a citizen of the United States, 
nor unless he shall have resided within the state or terri- 
tory of Dakota at least two years next preceding his elec- 
tion, nor unless he shall at the time of his election be an 
elector within the judicial district for which he is elected. 

Sec. 108. There shall be a clerk of the district court in 
each organized county in which a court is holden who shall 
be elected by the qualified electors of the county, and shall 
hold his office for the same term as other county officers. 
He shall receive such compensation for his services as may 
be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 109. Writs of error and appeals may be allowed 
from the decisions of the district courts to the supreme 
court under such regulations as may be prescribed by law. 

-7- 



98 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



COUNTY COURTS. 

Sec. 110. There shall be established in each county a 
county court which shall be a court of record, open at all 
times and holden by one judge, elected by the electors of 
the county, and whose term of office shall be two years. 

Sec. 111. The county court shall have exclusive original 
jurisdiction in probate and testamentary matters, the ap- 
pointment of administrators and guardians, the settlement 
of the accounts of executors, administrators and guardians, 
the sale of lands, by executors, administrators and guard- 
ians, and such other probate jurisdiction as may be con- 
ferred by law; provided, that whenever the voters of any 
county having a population of 2,000 or over shall decide by 
a majority vote that they desire the jurisdiction of 
said court increased above that limited by this constitution, 
then said county court shall have concurrent jurisdiction 
with the district courts in all civil actions where the 
amount in controversy does not exceed $1,000, and in all 
criminal actions below the grade of felony, and in case it 
is decided by the voters of any county to so increase the 
jurisdiction of said county court, the jurisdiction in cases 
of misdemeanors arising under state laws which may have 
been conferred upon police magistrates shall cease. The 
qualifications of the iudee of the countv court in counties 
where the jurisdiction of said court shall have been in- 
creased shall be the same as those of the district judge, 
except that he shall be a resident of the county at the 
time of his election, and said county judge shall receive 
such salary for his services as may be provided bv law. 
In case the voters of anv county decide to increase the 
jurisdiction of said county courts, then such jurisdiction 
as thus increased shall remain until otherwise provided 
by law. 

JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

Sec. 112. The legislative assembly shall provide by law 
for the election of justices of the peace in each organized 
county within the state. But the number of said justices 
to be elected in each organized county shall be limited by 
law to such a number as shall be necessary for the proper 
administration of justice. The justices of the peace here- 
in provided for shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the 
district court in all civil actions when the amount in con- 
troversy, exclusive of costs, does not exceed $200, and in 
counties where no county court with criminal jurisdiction 
exists they shall have such jurisdiction to hear and deter- 
mine cases of misdemeanor as may be provided by law, but 
in no case shall said justices of the peace have jurisdiction 
when the boundaries of or title to real estate shall come in 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 99 



question. The legislative assembly shall have power to 
abolish the office of justice of the peace and confer that 
jurisdiction upon judges of county courts or elsewhere. 

POLICE MAGISTRATES. 

Sec. 113. The legislative assembly shall provide by law 
for the election of police magistrates in cities, incorporated 
towns and villages, who in addition to their jurisdiction of 
all cases arising under the ordinances of said cities, towns 
and villages, shall be ex officio justices of the peace of the 
county in which said cities, towns and villages may be 
located, And the legislative assembly may confer upon 
said police magistrates the jurisdiction to hear, try and 
determine all cases of misdemeanors, and the prosecutions 
therein shall be by information. 

Sec. 114. Appeals shall lie from the county court, final 
decisions of justices of the peace and police magistrates in 
such cases and pursuant to such regulations as may be pre- 
scribed by law. 

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS. 

Sec. 115. The time of holding courts in the several 
counties of a district shall be as prescribed by law, but at 
least two terms of the district court shall be held annually 
in each organized county, and the legislative assembly 
shall make provision for attaching unorganized counties or 
territories to organized counties for judicial purposes. 

Sec. 116. Judges of the district courts may hold court in 
other districts tjian their own under such regulations as 
-shall be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 117. No judge of the supreme or district court shall 
act as attorney or counselor at law. 

Sec. 118. Until the legislative assembly shall provide 
l)y law for fixing the terms of court, the judges of the su- 
preme and district courts shall fix the terms thereof. 

Sec. 119. No judge of the supreme or district courts 
shall be elected or appointed to any other than judicial 
•offices or be eligible thereto during the term for which he 
was elected or appointed such judge. All votes or appoint- 
ments for either of them for any elective or appointive 
office except that of judge of the suoreme court, or district 
court, given by the legislative assembly or the people, shall 
l)e void. 

Sec. 120. Tribunals of conciliation may be ^ established 
with such powers and duties as shall be prescribed by law 
or the powers and duties of such may be conferred upon 
•other courts of justice; but such tribunals or other courts 
when sitting as such, shall have no power to render judg- 
ment to be obligatorv on the parties, unless they volun- 



100 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

tarily submit their matters of diflFerence and agree to abide 
the judgment of such tribunals or courts. 

ARTICLE V. — Elective Franchise. 

Sec. 121. Every male person of the age of twenty-one 
years and upwards belonging to either of the following 
classes, who shall have resided in the state one year, in 
the county six months and in the precinct ninety days next 
preceding any election, shall be deemed a qualified elector 
at such election: 

First Citizens of the United States. 

Second. Persons of foreign birth who shall hav,e de- 
clared their intention to become citizens one year and not 
more than six years prior to such election, conformably to 
the naturalization laws of the United States. 

Third. Civilized persons of In'dian descent who shall 
have severed their tribal relations two years next preceding 
such election. 

Note. — This section amended by Article 2, amendments to the 
constitution. 

Sec. 122. The legislative assembly shall be empowered 
to make further extensions of suffrage hereafter, at its dis- 
cretion, to all citizens of mature age and sound mind, not 
convicted of crime, without regard to sex; but no law ex- 
tending or restricting the right of suffrage shall be in force 
until adopted by a majority of the electors of the state vot- 
ing at a general election. 

Sec. 123. Electors shall in all cases except treason, fel- 
ony, breach of the peace or illegal voting, be privileged 
from arrest on the days of election during their attendance 
at, going to and returning from such election, and no 
elector shall be obliged to perform military duty on the day 
of election, except in time of war or public danger. 

Sec. 124. The general elections of the state shall be 
biennial, and shall be held on the first Tuesday after the 
first Monday in November; provided, that the first genera! 
election under this constitution shall be held on the first 
Tuesday after the first Monday in November, A. D. 1890. 

Sec. 125. No elector shall be deemed to have lost his 
residence in this state by reason of his absence on business 
of the United States or of this state or in the military or 
naval service of the United States. 

Sec. 126. No soldier, seaman or marine in the army or 
navy of the United States shall be deemed a resident of 
this state in consequence of his being stationed therein. 

Sec. 127. No person who is under guardianship, non 
compos mentis, or insane, shall be qualified to vote at any 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 101 

election, nor shall any person convicted of treason or fel- 
ony, unless restored to civil rig^hts. 

Note. — This section amended by Article 8, amendments to the 
constitution. 

Sec 128. Any woman having the qualifications enumer- 
ated in section 121 of this article, as to age, residence and 
citizenship, and including those now qualified by the laws 
of the territory, may vote for all school officers, and upon 
all questions pertaining solely to school matters, and be eligi- 
ble to any school office. 

Sec 129. All elections by the people shall be by secret 
ballot, subject to such regulations as shall be provided by 
law. 

ARTICLE VI. — Municipal Corporations. 

Sec. 130. The legislative assembly shall provide by gen- 
eral law for the organization of municipal corporations, 
restricting their powers as to levying taxes and assess- 
ments, borrowing money and contracting debts; and money 
raised by taxation, loan or assessment for any purpose shall 
not be diverted to any other purpose except by authority of 
law. 

ARTICLE VII. — Corporations Other Than Municipal 

Sec. 131. No charter of incorporation shall be granted, 
changed or amended by special law, except in the case of 
such municipal, charitable, educational, penal or reforma- 
tory corporations as may be under the control of the state; 
but the legislative assembly shall provide by general laws 
for the organization of all corporations hereafter to be 
created, and any such law, so passed, shall be subject to 
future repeal or alteration. 

Sec 132. All existing charters or grants of special or 
exclusive privileges, under which ^ bona fide organization 
shall not have taken place and business been commenced 
in good faith at the time this constitution takes effect, 
shall thereafter have no validity. 

Sec. 133. The legislative assembly shall not remit the 
forfeiture of the charter to any corporation now existing, 
nor alter or amend the same, nor pass any other general 
or special law for the benefit of such corporation, except 
upon the condition that such corporation shall thereafter 
hold its charter subject to the provisions of this constitu- 
tion. 

Sec 134. The exercise of the right of eminent domain 
shall never be abridged, or so construed as to prevent the 
legislative assembly from taking the property and fran- 
chises of incorporated companies and subjecting them to 



102 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



public use, the same as the property of indhnduals ; and 
the exercise of the police power of this state shall never 
be abridged, or so constni^ as to permit corporations to 
conduct their business in such a manner as to infringe 
the equal rights of individuals or the general well being 
of the state. 

Sec 135. In all elections for directors or managers of a 
corporation, each member or shareholder may cast the 
whole number of his votes for one candidate, or distribute 
them upon two or more candidates, as he may prefer. 

Sec 136. No foreign corporation shall do business in 
this state without having one or more places of business 
and an authorized agent or agents in the same, upon whom 
process may be served. 

Sec 137. No corporation shall engage in any business 
other than that expressly authorized in its charter. 

Sec 138. No corporation shall issue stock or bonds ex- 
cept for money, labor done, or money or property actually 
received; and all fictitious increase of stock or indebtedness 
shall be void. The stock and indebtedness of corpo- 
rations shall not be increased except in pursuance of 
general law, nor without the consent of the persons hold- 
ing the larger amount in value of the stock first obtained 
at a meeting to be held after sixty days* notice given in 
pursuance of law. 

Sec 139. No law shall be passed by the legislative as- 
sembly granting the right to construct and operate a street 
railroad, telegraph, telephone or electric light plant with- 
in any city, town or incorporated village, without requir- 
ing the consent of the local authorities having the control 
of the street or highway proposed to be occupied for such 
purposes. 

Sec. 140. Every railroad corporation organized and do- 
ing business in this state under the laws or authority 
thereof, shall have and maintain a public office or place 
in the state for the transaction of its business, where 
transfers of its stock shall be made and in which shall 
be kept for public inspection books in which shall be re- 
corded the amount of capital stock subscribed, and by 
whom, the names of the owners of its stock and the 
amount owned by them respectively; the amount of stock 
paid in and by whom and the transfers of said stock; the 
amount of its assets and liabilities and the names and 
place of residence of its officers. The directors of every 
railroad corporation shall annually make a report, under 
oath to the auditor of public accounts, or some officer or 
officers to be designated by law, of all their acts and 
doings, which report shall include such matters relating to 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 103 

railroads as may be prescribed by law, and the legislative 
assembly shall pass laws enforcing by suitable penalties 
the provisions of this section ; provided, the provisions of 
this section shall not be so construed as to apply to foreign 
corporations. 

Sec 141. No railroad corporation shall consolidate its 
stock, property or franchises with any other railroad cor- 
poration owning a parallel or competing line; and in no 
case shall any consolidation take place except upon pub- 
lic notice given at least sixty days to all stockholders, in 
such manner as may be provided by law. Any attempt to 
evade the provisions of this section by any railroad corpo- 
ration by lease or otherwise, shall work a forfeiture of its 
charter. 

Sec. 142. Railways heretofore constructed, or that may 
hereafter be constructed in this state, are hereby declared 
public highways, and all railroads, sleeping car, telegraph, 
telephone and transportation companies of passengers, intel- 
ligence and freight are declared to be common carriers and 
subject to legislative control; and the legislative assem- 
bly shall have power to enact laws regulating and con- 
trolling the rates of charges for the transportation of pas- 
sengers, intelligence and freight, as such common carriers, 
from one point to another in this state; provided, that 
appeal may be had to the courts of this state from the rates 
so fixed; but the rates fixed by the lec:islative assembly 
or board of railroad commissioners shall remain in force 
pending the decision of the courts, 

Sec 143. Any association or corporation organized for 
the purpose shall have the right to construct and operate 
a railroad between any points within this state, and to 
connect at the state line with the railroads of other states. 
Every railroad company shall have the right with its road 
to intersect, connect with or cross any other, and shall 
receive and transport each other's passengers, tonnage and 
cars, loaded or empty, without delay or discrimination. 

Sec 144. The term "corporation" as used in this article 
shall not be understood as embracing municipalities or 
political subdivisions of the state unless otherwise expressly 
stated, but it shall be held and construed to include all 
associations and joint stock companies having any of the 
powers or privileges of corporations not possessed by in- 
dividuals or partnerships. 

Sec 145. If a general banking law be enacted, it shall 
provide for the registry and countersigninnr by an officer 
of the state, of all notes or bills designed for circulation, 
and that ample security to the full amount thereof shall be 



104 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



deposited with the state treasurer for the redemption of 
such notes or bills. 

Sec. 146. Any combination between individuals, corpo- 
rations, associations, or either, having for its object or 
effect the controllins: of the price of any product of the 
•5oil or any article of manufacture or commerce, or the cost 
of exchange or transportation, is prohibited and hereby 
declared unlawful and against public policy; and any and 
all franchises heretofore granted or extended, or that may 
hereafter be granted or extended in this state, whenever 
the owner or owners thereof violate this article, shall be 
deemed annulled and become void. 

ARTICLE VIII.— Education. 

Sec. 147. A hic^h degree of intelligence, T>atriotism, in- 
tegrity and morality on the part of every voter in a gov- 
ernment by the people being necessary in order to insure 
the continuance of that government and the prosperity 
and happiness of the people, the legislative assembly shall 
make provision for the establishment and maintenance of 
a system of public schools which shall be open to all chil- 
dren of the state of North Dakota and free from sectarian 
control. This legislative requirement shall be irrevocable 
without the consent of the United States and the people of 
North Dakota. 

Sec. 148. The legislative assembly shall provide, at its 
first session after the adoption of this constitution, for a 
uniform system for free public schools throughout the 
state, beginning with the primary and extendin'^ through 
all grades up to and including the normal and collegiate 
course. 

Sec. 149. In all schools instruction shall be given as far 
as practicable in those branches of knowledge that tend to 
impress upon the mind the vital importance of truthfulness, 
temperance, purity, public spirit, and respect for honest 
labor of every kmd. 

Sec. 150. A superintendent of schools for each county shall 
be elected every two years, whose qualifications, duties, pow- 
ers and compensation shall be fixed by law. 

Sec. 151. The legislative assembly shall take such other 
steps as m-iv be neccs«5ary to prevent illiteracy, secure a 
reasonable degree of uniformity in course of study, and to 
promote industrial, scientific, and agricultural improve- 
ments. 

Sec. 152. All colleges, universities, and^ other educa- 
tional institutions, for the support of which lands have 
been granted to this state, or which are supported by a 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 105 



public tax, shall remain under the absolute and exclusive 
control of the state. No money raised for the support of 
the public schools of the state shall be aopropriated to or 
used for the support of any sectarian school. 

ARTICLE IX.— School and Public Lands. 

Sec 153. All proceeds of the public lands that have 
Tieretofore been or may hereafter be granted by the 
United States for the support of the common schools in 
this state; all such per centum as may be granted by the 
United States on the sale of public lands; the proceeds of 
property that shall fall to the state by escheat; the pro- 
ceeds of all gifts and donations to the state for common 
schools, or not otherwise appropriated by the terms of the 
^ift, and all other property otherwise acquired for common 
schools, shall be and remain a perpetual fund for the main- 
tenance of the common schools of the state. It shall J)e 
"deemed a trust fund, the principal of which shall forever 
remain inviolate and may be increased but never dimin- 
ished. The state shall make good all losses thereof. 

Sec. 154. The interest and income of this fund together 
with I the net proceeds of all fines for violation of state 
laws, and all other sums which may be added thereto by 
law shall be faithfully used and applied each year for the 
Tjenefit of the common schools of the state, and shall be for 
this purpose apportioned among and between all the sev- 
eral common school corporations of the state in proportion 
to the number of children in each of school age, as may be 
^xed by law, and no part of the fund shall ever be diverted 
even temporarily, from this purpose, or used for any other 
purpose whatever than the maintenance of common schools 
for the equal benefit of all the people of the state: provided, 
liowever, that if any portion of the interest or income 
aforesaid shall be not expended during any year, said portion 
shall be added to and become a part of the school fund. 

Sec. 155. After one year from the assembling of the 
iirst legislative assembly the lands granted to the state 
from the United States for the support of ^ the common 
schools may be sold upon the following conditions and no 
other: No more than one- fourth of all such lands shall 
be sold within the first five years after the same become 
saleable by virtue of this section. No more than one-half 
of the remainder within ten years after the same become 
saleable as aforesaid. ^ The residue may be sold at any 
time after the expiration of said ten years. The legisla- 
tive- assembly shall provide for the sale of all school lands 
subject to the provisions of this article. The coal lands of 
the state shall never be sold, but the legislative assemblv 



106 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

may by general laws provide for leasing the same. The 
words "coal lands" shall include lands bearing lignite coal. 

Sec. 156. The superintendent of public instruction, gov- 
ernor, attorney general, secretary of state and state auditor 
shall constitute a board of commissioners, which shall be 
denominated the "Board of University and School Lands"" 
and, subject to the provisions of this article, and any 
law that may be passed by the legislative assembly, said 
board shall have control of the appraisement, sale, rental 
and disposal of all school and university lands, and shall 
direct the investment of the funds arising therefrom in the 
hands of the state treasurer, under the limitations in sec- 
tion 160 of this article. 

Sec. 157. The county superintendent of common schools, 
the chairman of the county board and the county auditor 
shall constitute boards of appraisal, and under the author- 
ity of the state board of university and school lands shall 
appraise all school lands within their respective counties 
which they may from time to time recommend for sale at 
their actual value under the prescribed terms, and shall 
first select and designate for sale the most valuable lands. 

Sec. 158. No land shall be sold for less than the ap- 
praised value and in no case for less than $10 per acre. 
The purchaser shall pay one-fifth of the price in cash and 
the remaining four-fifths as follows: One-fifth in five 
years, one-fifth in ten years, one-fifth in fifteen years and 
one-fifth in twenty years, with interest at the rate of not 
less than six per centum, payable annually in advance. 
All sales shall be held at the county seat of the county in 
which the land to be sold is situate, and shall be at pub- 
lic auction and to the highest bidder, after sixtv days* ad- 
vertisement of the same in a newspaper of general circula- 
tion in the vicinity of the lands to be sold, and one at the 
seat of government. Such lands as shall not have been 
specially subdivided shall be offered in tracts of one-quar- 
ter section, and those so subdivided in the smallest subdi- 
visions. All lands designated for sale and not sold within 
two years after appraisal shall be reappraised before they 
are sold. No grant or patent for any such lands shall 
issue until payment is made for the same; provided, that 
the lands contracted to be sold by the state shall be sub- 
ject to taxation from the date of such contract. In case 
the taxes assessed against any of said lands for any year 
remain unpaid until the first Monday in October of the fol- 
lowing year, then and thereupon the contract of sale for 
such lands shall become null and void. 

Note. — This section amended by Amendment adopted 1906^ 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 107 



Sec 169. All lands, money or other property donated, 
granted or received from the United States or any other 
source for a university, school of mines, reform school, 
agricultural college, deaf and dumb asylum, normal school 
or other educational or charitable institution or purpose, 
and the proceeds of all such lands and other property so 
received from any source, shall be and remain perpetual 
funds, the interest and income of which, together with the 
rents of all such lands as may remain unsold, shall be in- 
violably appropriated and applied to the specific objects of 
the original grants or gifts. The principal of every such 
fund may be increased but shall never be diminished, and 
the interest and income only shall be used. Every such 
fund shall be deemed a trust fund held by the state, and 
the state shall make good all losses thereof. 

Sec. 160. All lands mentioned in the preceding section 
shall be appraised and sold in the same manner and under 
the same limitations and subject to all the conditions as to 
pnce ?nd sale as provided above for the appraisal and sale 
of lands for the benefit of common schools; but a distinct 
and separate account shall be kept by the proper officers of 
each ^ of said funds ; provided, that the limitations as to 
the time in which school land may be sold shall apply only 
to lands granted for the support of common schools. 

Sec. 161. The legislative assembly shall have authority 
to provide by law for the leasing of lands granted to the 
state for educational and charitable purposes; but no such 
law shall authorize the leasing of said lands for a longer 
period than five years. Said lands shall only be leased for 
pasturage and meadow purposes and at a public auction 
after notice as heretofore provided in case of sale; pro- 
vided, that all of said school lands now under cultivation 
may be leased, at the discretion and under the control of 
the board of university and school lands, for other than 
pasturage and meadow purposes until sold. All rents shall 
be paid in advance. 

Sec. 162. The moneys of the permanent school fund and 
other educational funds shall be invested only in bonds of 
school corporations within the state, bonds of the United 
States, bonds of the state of North Dakota, or in first mort- 
gages on farm lands in the state, not exceeding in amount 
one-third of the actual value of any subdivision on which 
the same may be loaned, such value to be determined by 
the board of appraisers of school lands. 

Note. — This section amended by Article 8, amendments to the 
constitution, also by Article 9, adopted 1908. 



/ 



108 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Sec. 163. No law shall ever be passed by the legislative 
assembly granting to any person, corporation or association 
any privileges by reason of the occupation, cultivation or 
improvement of any public lands by said person, corpora- 
tion or association subsequent to the survey thereof by the 
general government. No claim for the occupation, culti- 
vation or improvement of any public lands shall ever be 
recognized, nor shall such occupation, cultivation or im- 
provement of any public lands ever be used to diminish 
either directly or indirectly, the purchase price of said 
lands. 

Sec. 164. The legislative assembly shall have authority 
to provide by law for the sale or disposal of all public lands 
that have been heretofore, or may hereafter be granted by 
the United States to the state for purposes other than set 
forth and named in sections 153 and 159 of this article. 
And the legislative assembly, in providing for the appraise- 
ment, sale, rental and disposal of tne same, shall not be 
subject to the provisions and limitations of this article. 

Sec. 165. The legislative assembly shall pass suitable 
laws for the safekeeping, transfer and disbursement of tne 
state school funds; and shall require all officers charged 
with the same or the safe keeping thereof to give ample 
bonds for all moneys and funds received by them, and if 
any of said officers shall convert to his own use in any man- 
ner or form, or shall loan with or without interest or shall 
deposit in his own name, or otherwise than in tne name of 
tne state of North Dakota, or shall deposit in any banks or 
with any person or persons, or exchange for other funds or 
property any portion ot the school funds aforesaid or pur- 
posely allow a*-- portion of the same to remain in his own 
hands uninvested, except in the manner prescribed by law, 
every such act shall constitute an embezzlement of so much 
of the aforesaid school funds as shall be thus taken or 
loaned, or deposited, or exchanged, or withheld, and shall 
be a felony; and any failure to pay over, produce or account 
for, the state school funds or any part of the same entrusted 
to any such officer, as bv law required or demanded, shall 
be held and be taken to be prima facie evidence of such 
embezzlement. 

ARTICLE X. — County and Township Organization. 

Sec. 166. The several counties in the territory of Da- 
kota lying north of the seventh standard parallel as they 
now exist, are hereby declared to be counties of the state 
of North Dakota. 

Sec. 167. The legislative assembly shall provide bv gen- 
eral law for organizing new counties, locating the county 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 109^ 



seats thereof temporarily, and changing county lines, but 
no new county shall be organized, nor shall any organized 
county be so reduced its to include an area of less than 
twenty-four congressional townships, and containin'- a popu- 
lation of less than one thousand bona fide inhabitants. 
And in the organization of new counties and in changing 
the lines of organized counties and boundaries of congres- 
sional townships, the natural boundaries shall be observed 
as nearly as may be. 

Sec. 168. All changes in the boundaries of organized 
counties before taking effect shall be submitted to the elect- 
ors of the county or counties to be affected thereby at a 
general election and be adopted by a majority of all the 
legal votes cast in each county at such election; and in case 
any portion of an organized county is stricken off and 
added to another the county to which such portion is added 
shall assume and be holden for an equitable nroportion of 
the indebtedness of the county so reduced. 

Sec. 169. The legislative assembly shall provide by gen- 
eral law, for changing county seats in organized counties, 
but it shall have no r»ower to remove the county seat of any 
organized county. 

Sec. 170. The legislative assembly shall provide by gen- 
eral law for township -organization, under which any 
county may organize, whenever a majority of all the legal 
voters of such county, voting at a general election, shall so 
determine, and whenever any county shal adopt township 
organization, so much of this constitution as provides for 
the management of the fiscal concerns of said county by the 
board of county commissioners, may be dispensed with by a 
majority vote of the people voting at any general election; 
and the affairs of said county may be transacted by the 
chairmen of the several township boards of said county, 
and such others as may be provided by law for incorporated 
cities, towns or villages within such county. 

Sec. 171. In any county that shall have adopted a sys- 
tem of government by the chairmen of the several township 
boards, the question of continuing the same ma-"- be sub- 
mitted to the electors of such county at a general election 
in such a manner as may be provided by law, and if a ma- 
jority of all. the votes cast upon such question shall be 
against said system of government, then such system shall 
cease in said county, and the affairs of said county shall 
then be transacted by a board of county commissioners as 
is now provided by the laws of the territory of Dakota. 

Sec. 172. Until the system of county government by the 
chairmen of the several township boards is adopted by any 



110 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



county, the fiscal affairs of said county shall be transacted 
by a board of county commissioners. Said board shall con- 
sist of not less than three and not more than five members, 
whose terms of office shall be prescriSed by law. Said board 
shall hold sessions for the transaction of county business 
as shall be provided by law. 

Sec. 173. At the first general election held after the 
adoption of this constitution, and every two years there- 
after, there shall be elected in each organized county in the 
state, a county judge, clerk of court, register of deeds, 
county auditor, treasurer, sheriff and state's attorney, who 
shall be electors of the county in which they are elected, 
and who shall hold their office until their -successors are 
elected and qualified. The legislative assembly shall pro- 
vide by law for such other county, township and district 
officers as may be deemed necessary, and shall prescribe the 
duties and compensation of all county, township and dis- 
trict officers. The sheriff and treasurer of any county shall 
not hold their respective offices for more than four years 
in succession. 

ARTICLE XL — Revenue and Taxation. 

Sec. 174. The legislative assembly shall provide for rais- 
ing revenue sufficient to defray the expenses ci the state 
for each year, not to exceed in any one year four (4) mills 
on the dollar of the assessed valuation of all taxable prop- 
erty in the state, to be ascertained by the last assessment 
made for state and county purposes, and also a sufficient 
sum to pay the interest on the state debt. 

Sec. 175. No tax shall be levied except in pursuance of 
law, and every law imposing a tax shall state distinctly the 
object of the same, to which only it shall be applied. 

Sec. 176. Laws shall be passed taxing by uniform rule 
all property according to its true value in money, but the 
property of the United States and the state, county and 
municipal corporations, both real and personal, shall be ex- 
empt from taxation, and the legislative assembly shall by 
a general law exempt from taxation property used exclu- 
sively for school, religious, cemetery or charitable purposes 
and personal property to any amount not exceeding in value 
two hundred dollars for each individual liable to taxation; 
but the legislative assembly may, by law, provide for the 
payment of a per centum of gross earnings of railroad com- 
panies to be paid in lieu of all state, county, township and 
school taxes on property exclusively used in and about the 
prosecution of the business of such companies as common 
carriers, but no real estate of said corporations shall be 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA m 



exempted from taxation, in the same^manner, and on the 
same basis as other real estate is taxed, except road-bed, 
right of way, shops and buildings used exclusively in their 
business as common carriers, and whenever and so long as 
such law providing for the payment of a per centum on 
earnings shall be in force, that part of section 179 of this 
article relating to assessment of railroad property shall cease 
to be in force. 

Note. — Addenda to section 176, adopted in 1905. 

Sec. 177. All improvements on land shall be assessed 
in accordance with section 179, but plowing shall not be 
considered as an improvement or add to the value of land 
for the purpose of assessment. 

Sec. 178. The *power of taxation shall never be surren- 
dered or suspended by any grant or contract to which the 
state or any county or other municipal corporation shall 
be a party. 

Sec. 179. All property, except as hereinafter in this sec- 
tion provided, shall be assessed in the county, city, town- 
ship, town, village or district in which it is situated, in the 
manner prescribed by law. The franchise, roadway, road- 
bed, rails and rolling stock of all railroads operated in this 
state shall be assessed by the state board of equalization 
at their actual value and such assessed valuation shall be 
apportioned to the counties, cities, towns, townshios and 
districts in which said roads are located, as a basis for tax- 
ation of such property in proportion to the number of miles 
of railway laid in such counties, cities, towns, townships 
and districts. 

Note. — This section amended by Article 4, amendments to the 
constitution. 

Sec. 180, The legislative assembly may provide for the 
levy, collection and disposition of an annual poll tax of not 
more than one dollar and fifty cents on every male inhab- 
itant of this state over twenty-one and under fifty years of 
age, except paupers, idiots, insane persons and Indians not 
taxed. 

Sec 181. The legislative assembly shall pass all laws 
necessary to carry out the provisions of this article. 

ARTICLE XII.— Public Debt and Public Works. 

Sec. 182. The state may, to meet casual deficits or fail- 
ure in the revenue or in case of extraordinary emergencies 
contract debts, but such debts shall never in the aggregate 
exceed the sum of $200,000, exclusive of what may be the 
debt of North Dakota at the time of the adoption of this 
constitution. Every such debt shall be authorized by law 



112 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

for certain purposes to be definitely mentioned therein, 
and every such law shall provide for levying an annual tax 
sufficient to pay the interest semi-annually, and the princi- 
pal within thirty years from the passage of such law, and 
shall specially appropriate the proceeds of such tax to the 
payment of said principal and interest, and such appropria- 
tion shall not be repealed nor the tax discontinued until 
such debt, both principal and interest, shall have been fully 
paid. No debt in excess of the limit named shall be in- 
curred except for the purpose of repellin«ar invasion, sup- 
. pressing insurrection, defending the state in time of war, 
or to provide for public defense in case of threatened hos- 
tilities; but the issuing of new bonds to refund existing 
indebtedness, shall not be construed to be any part or por- 
tion of said $200,000. 

Sec. 183. The debt of any county, township, city, town, 
school district or any other political subdivision, shall never 
exceed five (5) per centum upon the assessed value of the 
taxable propertv therein; provided, that any incorporated 
city may by a two-thirds vote, increase such indebtedness 
three ner centum on such assessed value beyond said five 
per cent limit. In estimating the indebtedness which a 
city, county, township, school district or any other political 
subdivision may incur, the entire amount of existing in- 
debtedness, whether contracted prior or subsequent to the 
adoption of this constitution shall be included; provided, 
further, that any incorporated city may become indebted 
in any amount not exceedinjy four per centum on such 
assessed value without regard to the existing indebtedness 
of such city, for the purpose of constructing or purchasing 
water works for furnishing a supply of water to the inhab- 
itants of such city, or for the purpose of constructing sew- 
ers, and for no other purpose whatever. All bonds or ob- 
ligations in excess of the amount of indebtedness permitted 
by this constitution, given by any city, county, township, 
town, school district or any other political 'subdivision, shall 
be void. 

Sec. 184. Any city, county, township, town, school dis- 
trict or any otner political subdivision incurring indebtedness 
shall at or before the time of so doing, provide for the 
collection of an annual tax sufficient to pay the interest and 
also the principal thereof when due, and all laws or ordi- 
nances providing for the payment of the interest or prin- 
cipal of any debt shall be irrepealable until such debt be 
paid. 

•Sec. 185. Neither the state, nor any county, city, town- 
ship, town, school district or any other political subdi- 
vision shall loan or give its credit or make donations to or 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA ii3 

in aid of any individual, association or corporation, except 
for necessary support of the poor, nor subscribw to or be- 
come the owner of the capital stock of any association or 
corporation, nor shall the state engage in any work of in- 
ternal improvement unless authorized by a two-thirds vote 
of the people. 

Sec. 186. No money shall be paid out of the state treas- 
ury except upon appropriation by law and on warrant 
drawn by the proper officer, and no bills, claims, accounts 
or demands against the state or any county or other politi- 
cal subdivision, shall be audited, allowed or paid until a 
full, itemized statement in writing ^hal! be filed with the 
officer or officers whose duty it may be to audit the same. 

Sec. 187. No bond or evidence of indebtedness of the 
state shall be valid unless the same shall have endorsed 
thereon a certificate signed by the auditor and secretary of 
state, showing that the bond or evidence of debt is issued 
pursuant to law and is within the debt limit. No bond or 
evidence of debt of any county, or bond of any towflship 
or other political subdivision shall be valid unless the same 
have endorsed thereon a certificate signed by the county 
auditor, or other officer authorized bv law to sign such cer- 
tificate, stating that said bond, or evidence of debt is issued 
pursuant to law and is within the debt limit. 

ARTICLE XIII.— Militia. 

Sec. 188. The militia of this state shall consist of all 
able bodied male persons residing in the state, between the 
ages of eighteen and forty-five years, excpt such as may be 
exempted by the laws of the United States or of this 
state. Persons whose religious tenets or conscientious 
scruples forbid them to bear arms shall not be compelled 
to do so in times of peace, but shall pay an equivalent for 
a personal service. 

Sec 189. The militia shall be enrolled, organized, uni- 
formed, armed and disciplined in such a manner as shall 
be provided by law, not incompatible with the constitution 
or laws of the United States. 

Sec. 190. The legislative assembly shall provide by law 
for the establishment of volunteer organizations of tne sev- 
eral arms of the service which shall be classed as active 
militia; and no other organized body of armed men shall 
be permitted to perform military duty in this state except 
the army of the United States, without the proclamation of 
the governor of the state. 

Sec. 191. All militia officers shall be apoointed or elected 
in such a manner as the legislative assembly shall nrovide. 

-8- 



114 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Sec. 192. The commissioned officers of the militia shall 
be commissioned by the frovernor, and no commissioned 
officer shall be removed from office except by sentence of 
court martial, pursuant to law. 

Sec. 193. The militia forces shall in all cases, except 
treason, felony or breach of the peace, be privileged from 
arrest durinpr their attendance at musters, parades and 
elections of officers, and in going to and returning from the 
same. 

ARTICLE XIV. — Impeachment and Removal from Office. 

Sec. 194. The houSe of representatives shall have the 
sole power of impeachment. The concurrence of a major- 
ity of all members elected shall be necessary to an im- 
peachment. 

Sec. 195. All impeachments shall be tried by the senate. 
When sitting for that purpose the senators shall be upon 
oath or affirmation to do justice according to the law and 
evidence. No person shall be convicted without the concur- 
rence of two-thirds of the members elected. When the 
governor or lieutenant governor is on trial the presiding 
judge of the supreme court shall preside. 

Sec. 196. The governor and other state and judicial offi- 
cers except county judges, justices of the peace and police 
magistrates, shall be liable to impeachment for habitual 
drunkenness, crimes, corruot conduct, or malfeasance or 
misdemeanor in office, but judgment in such cases shall not 
extend further than removal from office and disqualifica- 
tion to hold any office of trust or profit under the state. 
The person accused, whether convicted or acquitted, shall 
nevertheless be liable to indictment, trial, iudgment and 
punishment according to law. 

Sec. 197. All officers not liable to impeachment, shall be 
subject to removal for misconduct, malfeasance, crime or 
misdemeanor in office, or for habitual drunkenness or gross 
incompetency in such manner as may be provided by law. 

Sec. 198. No officer shall exercise the duties of his office 
after he shall have been impeached and before his acquit- 
tal. 

Sec. 199. On trial of impeachment against the governor, 
the lieutenant governor shall not act as a member of the 
court. 

bEC. 200. No person shall be tried on impeachment be- 
.fore he shall have been served with a copy thereof, at least 
twenty days previous to the day set for trial. 

Sec. 201. No person shall be liable to impeachment twice 
for the same offense. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 115 



ARTICLE XV. — Future Amendments. 

Sec. 202. Any amendment or amendments to this con- 
stitution may be proposed in either house of the legislative 
assembly; and if the same shall be agreed to by a majority 
of the members elected to each of the two houses, such 
proposed amendment shall be entered on the journal of the 
house with the yeas and nays taken thereon, and referred 
to the legislative assembly to be chosen at the next general 
election, and shall be published, as provided by law, for 
three months previous to the time of making such choice, 
and if in the legislative assembly so next chosen as afore- 
said such proposed amendment or amendments, shall be 
agreed to by a majority of all the members elected to each 
house, then it shall be the duty of the legislative assembly 
to submit such proposed amendment or amendments to the 
people in such manner and at such time as the legislative 
assembly shall provide; and if the people shall approve and 
ratify such amendment or amendments by a majority of 
the electors qualified to vote for members of the legislative 
assembly voting thereon, such amendment or amendments 
shall become a part of the constitution of this state. If 
two or more amendments shall be submitted at the same 
time they shall be submitted in such manner that the elect- 
ors shall vote for or against each of such amendments sep- 
arately. 

ARTICLE XVL—Compact With the United States. 

Sec. 203. The following article shall be irrevocable with- 
out the consent of the United* States and the people of this 
state : 

First. Perfect toleration of religious sentiment shall be 
secured, and no inhabitant of this state snail ever be mo- 
lested in person or property on account of his or her mode 
of religious worship. 

Second. The people inhabiting this state do agree and 
declare that they forever disclaim all right and title to the 
unappropriated public lands lying within the boundaries 
thereof, and to all lands lying within said limits owned or 
held by any Indian or Indian tribes, and that until the title 
thereto shall have been extinguished by the United States, 
the same shall be and remain subject to the disposition of 
the United States, and that said Indian lands shall remain 
under the absolute jurisdiction and control of the congress 
of the United States; that the lands belonging to citizens 
of the United States residing without this state shall never 
be taxed at a higher rate than the lands belonging to resi- 
dents of this state: that no taxes shall be imposed by this 



116 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



state on lands or property therein, belonging to, or which 
may hereafter be purchased by the United States, or re- 
served for its use. But nothing in this article shall pre- 
clude this state from taxing as other lands are taxed, any 
lands owned or held by anv Indian who has severed his 
tribal relations, and has obtained from the United States or 
from any person, a title thereto, by patent or other grant 
save and except such lands as have been or may be granted 
to any Indian or Indians under any acts of congress, con- 
taining a provision exempting the lands thus granted from 
taxation, which last, mentioned lands shall be exempt from 
taxation so long, and to such an extent, as is, or may be 
provided in the act of congress granting the same. 

Third. In order that payment of the debts and liabili- 
ties contracted or incurred by and on behalf of the terri- 
tory of Dakota may be justly and equitably provided for 
and made, and in pursuance of the requirements of an act 
of congress approved February 22, 1889, entitled "An aci 
to provide for the division of Dakota into two states- and ta 
enable the people of North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana 
and Washington to form constitutions and state govern- 
ments and to be admitted into the union on an equal foot- 
ing with the original states and to make donations of public 
lands to such states," the states of North Dakota and South 
Dakota, by proceedings of a joint commission, duly ap- 
pointed under said act, the sessions whereof were held at 
Bismarck, in said state of North Dakota, from July 16, 1889. 
to July 31, 1889, inclusive, have agreed to the following ad- 
iustment of the amounts of tjie debts and liabilities of the 
territory of Dakota which snail be assumed and paid by 
each of the states of North Dakota and South Dakota, re- 
spectively, towit: 

This agreement shall take effect and be in force from and 
after the admission into the union as one of the United 
States of America, of either the state of North Dakota or 
tne state of South Dakota. 

The words "State of North Dakota," wherever used in 
this agreement, shall be taken to mean the territory of 
North Dakota in case the state of South Dakota shall be ad- 
mitted into the union prior to the admission into the union 
of the state of North Dakota; and the words "State of 
South Dakota " wherever used in this agreement, shall be 
taken to mean the territory of South Dakota in case the 
state of North Dakota shall be admitted into the union 
prior to the admission into the union of the state of South 
Dakota. 

The said state of North Dakota shall assume and pay all 
bonds issued by the territory of Dakota to provide funds 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 117 



for the purchase, construction, repairs or maintenance of 
such public institutions, p^rounds or buildinp's as are located 
within the boundaries of North Dakota, and shall pay all 
warrants issued under and bv virtue of that certain act of 
the legislative assembly of the territory of Dakota, ap- 
proved March 8, 1889, entitled "An act to provide for the 
refunding of outstanding warrants drawn on the capitol 
building fund." 

The state of South Dakota shall assume and pay all 
bonds issued by the territory of Dakota to provide funds 
for. the purchase, construction, repairs or maintenance of 
such public institutions, grounds or buildings as are located 
within the boundaries of South Dakota. 

That is to say: The state of North Dakota shall assume 
and pay the following bonds and indebtedness, towit: 

Bonds issued on account of the hospital for insane at 
Jamestown, North Dakota, the face aggregate of which is 
$266,000 ; also bonds issued on account of the North Dakota 
university at Grand Forks, North Dakota, the face aggre- 
gate of which is $96,700; also, bonds issued on account of 
the penitentiary at Bismarck, North Dakota, the face ag- 
gregate of which is $93,600; also, refunding capitol building 
warrants dated April 1, 1889, $83,507.46. 

And the state of South Dakota shall assume and pay the 
following bonds and indebtedness, towit : 

Bonds issued on account of the hospital for the insane at 
Yankton, South Dakota, the face aggregate of which is 
$210,000; also, bonds issued on account of the school for 
deaf mutes at Sioux Falls, South Dakota, the face aggre- 
gate of which is $51,000; also, bonds issued on account of 
the university at Vermillion. South Dakota, the face aggre- 
gate of which is $75,000: also, bonds issued on account of 
the penitentiary at Sioux Falls, South Dakota, the face 
aggregate of which is $94,300; also, bonds issued on ac- 
count of the agricultural college at Brookings, South Da- 
kota, the face aggregate of which is $97,500; also, bonds 
issued on account of the normal school at Madison, South 
Dakota, the face aggregate of which is $49,400; also, bonds 
issued on account of the school ot mines at Rapid City, 
South Dakota, the face aggregate of which is $33,000; also 
bonds issued on account of the reform school at Plankin- 
tpn. South Dakota, the face aggregate of which is $30,000; 
also, bonds issued on account of the normal school at Spear- 
fish, South Dakota, the face aggregate of which is $25,000; 
also, bonds issued on account of the soldiers* home at Hot 
Springs, South Dakota, the face aggregate of which is 
$45,000. 

The states of North Dakota and South Dakota snail pay 
one-half each of all liabilities now existing or hereafter 



1 



n« LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



and prior to the taking effect of this agreement incorred, 
except those heretofore or hereafter incurred on account of 
pubhc institutions, grounds or buildings, exc^t as other- 
wise herein specifically provided. 

'i he State of South Dakota shall pay to the State of North 
Dakota $46,500. on account of the excess of territorial ap- 
priations for the permanent improvement of territorial 
Mjstitutions which under this agreement will go to South 
Dakota, and in full of the undivided one-half interest of 
North Dakota in the territorial library, and in full settle- 
ment of unbalanced accounts, and of all claims asainst the 
territory of whatever nature, legal or equitable, arising out 
of the alleged erroneous or unlawful taxation of Northern 
Pacific railroad lands, and the payment of said amount 
shall discharge and exempt the state of South Dakota from 
all liability for or on account of the several matters here- 
inbefore referred to; nor shall either state be called upon 
to pay or answer to any portion of liability hereafter arising 
or accruing on account of transactions heretofore had. 
which liability would be a liability of the territory of Da- 
kota had such territory remained in existence, and which 
liability shall grow out of matters connected with any pub- 
lic institutions, grounds or buildings of the territory situ- 
ated f)r located within the boundaries of the other state. 

A final adjustment of accounts shall be made upon the 
followinjj basis: North Dakota shall be charged with all 
biitns paid on account of the public institutions, grounds or 
buildings located within its boundaries on account of the 
current appropriations since March 9, 1889; and South Da- 
kota shall be charged with all sums naid on account of pub- 
lic institutions, grounds or buildings located within its 
boimdaries on the same account and during the same time. 
Kach state shall be charged with one-half of all other ex- 
peiihes of the territorial government during the same time. 
All moneys paid into the treasury during the period from 
Marcli H, 1881), to the time of taking effect of this agree- 
ment by any county, municipality or oerson within the 
limits of the proposed state of North Dakota, shall be cred- 
ited to the state of North Dakota, and all sums paid into 
said treasury within the same time by any county, munici- 
pality or person within the limits of the proposed state of 
South Dakota shall be credited to the state of South Da- 
kota, except that any and all taxes on gross earnings paid 
into said treasury by railroad corporations, since the 8th 
day of March, 1889, based upon earnings of years prior to 
1888, under and by virtue of the act of the legislative as- 
sembly of the territory of Dakota, approved March 7, 1889, 
and entitled "An act providing for the levy and collection 
of taxes upon property of railroad companies in this tern- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 119 



tory," being chapter 107 of the session laws of 1889 (that 
is, the part of such sums going to the territory), shall be 
equally divided between the states of North Dakota and 
South Dakota, and all taxes heretofore or hereafter paid 
into said treasury under and by virtue of the act last men- 
tioned, based upon the jjross earnings of the year 1888, 
shall be distributed as already provided by law, except that 
so much thereof as goes to the territorial treasury shall be 
divided as follows: North Dakota shall have so much 
thereof as shall be or has been paid by railroads within the 
limits of the proposed state of North Dakota, and South 
Dakots. so much thereof as shall be or has been paid by 
railroac's within the ..niits of the proposed state of South 
Dakota; each state shall be credited also with all balances 
of appropriations made by the seventeenth legislative as- 
sembly of the territory of Dakota for the account of the 
public institutions, grounds or buildings situated within 
its limits remaining unexpended on March 8, 1889. If 
there shall be any indebtedness except the indebted- 
ness represented by the bonds and refunding warrants here- 
inbefore mentioned, each state shall, at the time of such final 
adjustment of accounts, assume its share of said indebted- 
ness as determined by the amount paid on account of the 
public institutions, grounds or buildings of <;uch state in 
excess of the receipts from counties, municipalities, rail- 
road corporations or persons within the limits of said state 
as provided in this article; and if there should be a surplus^ 
at the time of such final adjustment, each state shall be en- 
titled to the amounts received from counties, municipali- 
ties, railroad corporations or persons within its limits over 
and above the amount charged it. And the state of North 
Dakota hereby obligates itself to pay such part of the debts 
and liabilities of the territory of Dakota as is declared by 
the foregoing agreement to be its proportion thereof, the 
same as if such proportion had been originally created by 
said state of North Dakota as its own debt or liability. 

Sec. 204. Jurisdiction is ceded to the United States over 
the military reservations of Fort Abraham Lincoln, Fort 
Buford, Fort Pembina and Fort Totten, heretofore declared 
by the president of the United States; provided, legal pro- 
cess, civil and criminal, of this state, shall extend over 
such reservations in all cases in which exclusive jurisdic- 
tion is not vested in the United States, or of crimes not 
committed within the limits of such reservations. 

Sec. 205. The state of North Dakota hereby accepts the 
several grants of land granted by the United States to the 
state of North Dakota by an act of congress, entitled "An 
a.t to provide for the division of Dakota into two states. 



120 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



and to enable the people of North Dakota, South Dakota, 
Montana and Washing^ton to form constitutions and state 
governments, and to be admitted into the union on equal 
footing with the original states, and to make donations of 
public lands to such states," under the conditions and lim- 
itations therein mentioned; reserving the right, however, 
to apply to congress for modification of said conditions and 
limitations in case of necessity. 

ARTICLE XVII.— Miscellaneous. 

Sec. 206. The name of this state shall be "North Da- 
kota." The state of North Dakota shall consist of all the 
territory included within the following boundary, towit: 
Commencinsr at a point in the main channel of the Red 
River of the North, where the, forty-ninth degree of north 
latitude crosses the same; thence south up the main chan- 
nel of the same and along the boundary line of the state of 
Minnesota to a point where the seventh standard parallel 
intersects the same; thence west along said seventh stand- 
ard parallel produced due west to a point where it inter- 
sects the twenty-seventh meridian of longitude west from 
Washington; thence north on said meridian to a point 
where it intersects the forty-ninth degree of north latitude: 
thence east along said line to place of beginning. 

Sec. 207. The following described seal is hereby de- 
clared to be and hereby constituted the great seal of the 
state of North Dakota, towit: A tree in the open field, 
the trunk of which is surrounded by three bundles of 
wheat; on the right a plow, anvil and sledge: on the left, 
a bow crossed with three arrows, and an Indian on horse- 
back pursuing a buflfalo toward the setting sun ; the foliage 
of the tree arched by a half circle of forty-two stars, sur- 
rounded by the motto "Liberty and Union Now and For- 
ever, One and Inseparable;" the words "Great beal" at the 
top, the words "State of North Dakota" at the bottom; 
"October 1st" on the left, and "1889" on the right. The 
seal to be two and one-half inches in diameter. 

Sec 208. The right of the debtor to enjoy the comforts 
and necessaries of life shall be recognized bv wholesome 
laws exempting from forced sale to all heads of families a 
homestead, the value of which shall be limited and defined 
by law; and a reasonable amount of personal property; the 
kind and value shall be fixed by law. This section shall 
not be construed to prevent liens against the homestead 
for labor done and materials furnished in the improvement 
thereof, in such manner as may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 209. The labor .of children under twelve years of 
age shall be prohibited in mines, factories and workshops 
in this state. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 121 



Sec. 210. All flowinsf streams and natural water courses 
shall forever remain the property of the state for mining, 
irrigating and manufacturing purposes. 

Sec. 211. Members of the legislative assembly and judi- 
cial departments, except such inferior officers as may be by 
law exempted, shall, before they enter on the duties of 
their respective offices, take and subscribe the following 
oath or affirmation : *'I do solemnly swear (or affirm, as the 
case may be) that I will support the constitution of the 
United States and the constitution of the state of North 
Dakota; and that I will faithfully discharge the duties of 

the office of according to the best of my 

ability, so help me God" (if an oath), (under pain and nen- 
alty of perjury, if an atnrmationV and no other oath, 
declaration or test shall be required as a "nalilication for 
any office or public trust. 

Sec. 212. The exchanre of '1)lack lists" between corpo- 
rations shall be prohibited. 

Sec. 213. The real and personal propertv of anv woman 
in this state, acquired before marriage, and all property to 
which she may after marriage become in any manner right- 
fully entitled, shall be her separate pronerty and shall not 
"be liable for the debts of her husband. 

ARTICLE XVIII. — (Congressional and Legislative Appor- 
tionment. 

Sec. 214. Until otherwise provided by law, the member 
-of the house of representatives of the United States appor- 
tioned to this state shall be elected at large. 

Until otherwise provided by law the senatorial and rep- 
resentatives districts shall be formed and the senators and 
representatives shall be apportioned as follows: 

The first district shall consist of the townships of Wal- 
Tialla. St. Josenh, Neche. Pembina, Bathgate, Carlisle. Jol- 
iet, Midland, Lincoln and Drayton, in the county of Pem- 
"bina, and be entitled to one senator and two representatives. 

The second district shall consist of the townshins of St. 
Thomas, Hamilton, Cavalier, Akra, Beauleau, Thingvalla, 
"Gardar, Park, Crystal, Elora and Lodema, in the county of 
Pembina, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The third district shall consist of the townships of Perth, 
Latona, Adams, Silvestar, Cleveland, Morton, Vesta, Tiber, 
"Medford, Vernon, Golden, Lampton, Eden, Rushford, Ken- 
sington, Dundee, Ops, Prairie Center, Fertile, Park River 
and Glenwood. in the county of Walsh, and be entitled to 
one senator and two representatives. 



122 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

The fourth district shall consist of the townships of For- 
est River, Walsh Center, Grafton, Farmington, Ardoch, 
village of Ardoch, Harrison, city of Grafton, Oakwood, 
Martin, Walshville, Pulaski, Acton, Minto and St. Andrews 
in the county of Walsh, and be entitled to one senator and 
three representatives. 

The fifth district shall consist of the townships of Gilby, 
Johnstown, Strabane, Wheatfield. Hegton, Arvilla, Avon, 
Northwood, Lind, Grace, Larimore and the city of Lari- 
more. Elm Grove, Agnes, Inkster, Elkmount, Oakwood, 
Niagara, Moraine, Logan and Loretta, in the county of 
Grand Forks and be entitled to one senator and two rep- 
resentatives. 

The sixth district shall consist of the Third, Fourth, 
Fifth and Sixth wards of the city of Grand Forks, as now 
constituted, and the townships of Falconer, Harvey, Turtle 
River, Ferry, Rye, Bloomine, Meckinock, Lakeville and Le- 
vant, in the county of Grand Forks, and be entitled to one 
senator and two representatives. 

The seventh district shall consist of the First and Second 
wards of the city of Grand Forks, as now constituted, and 
the townships of Grand Forks, Brenna, Oakville, Chester, 
Pleasant View, Fairfield, Allendale, Walle, Bentru, Ameri- 
cus, Michigan, Union and Washington, in the county of 
Grand Forks, and be entitled to one senator and two repre- 
sentatives. 

The eighth district shall consist of the county of Trail! 
and be entitled to one senator and four representatives. 

The ninth district shall consist of the township of Fargo- 
and the city of Fargo, in the county of Cass, and the frac- 
tional township number 139 in range 48, and be entitled to- 
one senator and two representatives. 

The tenth district shall consist of the townshins of Noble 
Wiser, Harwood, Reed, Barnes, Stanley, Pleasant, Ken- 
yon, Gardner, Berlin, Raymond, Mapleton, Warren, Nor- 
man, Elm River, Harmony, Durbin, Addison, Davenport, 
Casselton and the city of Casselton, in the county of Cass, 
and be entitled to one senator and three representatives. 

The eleventh district shall consist of the townships of 
Webster, Rush River. Hunter, Arthur, Amenia, Everest, 
Maple River, Leonard, Dows, Erie, Empire, Wheatland, 
Gill, Walburs:, Watson, Page, Rich, Ayr, Buffalo, Howes, 
Eldred, Highland, Rochester, Lake, Cornell, Tower, Hill, 
Clifton and Pontiac, in the county of Cass, and be entitled 
to one senator and three representatives. 

The twelfth district shall consist of the county of Rich- 
land, and be entitled to one senator and three reperesenta- 
tives. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 123 



The thirteenth district shall consist of the county of Sar- 
gent, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The fourteenth district shall consist of the county of 
Ransom, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The fifteenth district shall consist of the county of Barnes, 
and be entitled to one senator and two representatives. 

The sixteenth district shall consist of the counties of 
Steele and Griggs, and be entitled to one senator and two 
representatives. 

The seventeenth district shall consist of the county of 
Nelson, and be entitled to one senator and one representa- 
tive. 

The eighteenth district shall consist of the count^^ of 
Cavalier, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The nineteenth district shall consist of the counties of 
Towner and Rolette, and be entitled to one senator and one 
representative. 

The twentieth district shall consist of the counties of 
Benson and Pierce, and be entitled to one senator and two 
representatives. 

The twenty-first district shall consist of the county of 
Ramsey, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The twenty-second district shall consist of the counties of 
Eddy, Foster and Wells, and be entitled to one senator and 
two repres'^.ntatives. 

The twenty-third district shall consist of the county of 
Stutsman, ai:4 be entitled to one senator and two represen- 
tatives. 

The twenty-fourth district shall consist of the county of 
LaMoure, and be entitled to one senator and one representa- 
tive. 

The twenty-fifth district shall consist of the county of 
Dickey, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The twenty-sixth district shall consist of the counties of 
Emmons, Mcintosh, Logan and Kidder, and be entitled to 
one senator and two representatives. 

The twenty-seventh district shall consist of the county of 
Burleigh, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The twenty-eighth district shall consist of the count'es of 
Bottineau and McHenry, and be entitled to one senator and 
one representative. 

The twenty-ninth district shall consist of the counties 
of Ward, McLean, and all the unorganized counties 



124 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



lying north of the Missouri river, and be entitled to one 
senator and one representative. 

The thirtieth district shall consist of the counties of Mor- 
ton and Oliver, and be entitled to one senator and two rep- 
resentatives. 

The thirty-first district shall consist of the counties of 
Mercer, Stark and Billings and all the unorganized counties 
lying south of the Missouri river, and be entitled to one 
senator and one representative. 

Note. — Apportionment changed by law of 1901, law of 1907 
and law of 1909. 

ARTICLE XIX.— Public Institutions. 

Sec. 215. The following public institutions of the state 
are permanently located at the places hereinafter named, 
each to have the lands specifically granted to it by the 
United States, in the act of congress approved February 
22, 1889, to be disposed of and used in such manner as the 
legislative assembly may prescribe, subjejct to the limita- 
tions provided in the article on school and public lands con- 
tained in this constitution. 

First. The seat of government at the city of Bismarck 
in the county of Burleigh. 

Second. The state university and the school of mines 
at the city of Grand Forks, in the county of Grand Forks. 

Third. The agricultural college at the city of Fargo, in 
the county of Cass. 

Fourth. A state normal school at the city of Valley 
City, in the county of Barnes; and the legislative assembly 
in apportioning the grant of eighty thousand acres of land 
for normal schools made in the act of congress referred to 
shall grant to the said normal school at Valley City, as 
aforementioned, fifty thousand (50,000) acres, and said 
lands are hereby appropriated to said institution for that 
purpose. 

Fifth. The deaf and dumb asylum at the city of Devils 
Lake, in the county of Ramsey. 

Note. — See Amendments, Article 5. 

Sixth. A state reform school at the city of Mandan, in 
the county of Morton. 

Seventh. A state normal school at the city of Mayville, 
in the county of Traill, and the legislative assemblv in ap- 
portioning the grant of lands made by congress in the act 
aforesaid, for state normal schools, shall assign thirty 
thousand (30,000) acres to the institution herebv located 
at Mayville. and said lands are hereby appropriated for 
said purpose. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 125 



Eighth. A state hospital for the insane and institution 
for the feeble minded in connection therewith, at the city 
of Jamestown, in the county of Stutsman. And the legis- 
lative assembly shall appropriate twenty thousand acres of 
the grant of lands made by the act of congress aforesaid for 
"other educational and charitable institutions" to the ben- 
efit and for the endowment of said institution. 

Note. — See Amendments. Article 6. 

Sec. 216. The following named public institutions are 
hereby permanently located as hereinafter provided, each 
to have so much of the remaining grant of one hundred and 
seventy thousand acres of land made by the United States 
for "other educational and charitable institutions," as is 
allotted by law, viz: 

First. A soldier's home, when located, or such other 
charitable institution as the legislative assembly may de- 
termine, at Lisbon, in the county of Ransom, with a grant 
of forty thousand acres of land. 

Second. A blind asylum, or such other institution as the 
legislative assembly may determine, at such place in the 
county of Pembina as the qualified electors of said county 
may determine at an election to be held as prescribed by 
the legislative assembly, with a grant of thirty thousand 
acres. 

Third. An industrial school and school for manual 
training, or such other educational or charitable institu- 
tion as the legislative assembly may provide, at the town of 
Ellendale, in the county of Dickey, with a grant of forty 
thousand acres. 

Fourth. A school of forestry, or such other institution 
as the legislative assembly may determine, at such place in 
one of the counties of McHenry, Ward, Bottineau or Ro- 
lette, as the electors of said counties may determine by an 
election for that purpose, to be held as provided by the 
legislative assembly. 

Fifth. A scientific school, or such other educational or 
charitable institution as the legislative assembly may pre- 
scribe, at the city of Wahpeton, county of Richland, with a 
grant of forty thousand acres; provided, that no other in- 
stitution of a character similar to any one of those located 
by this article shall be established or maintained without a 
revision of this constitution. 

Note. — This section amended by Articles 6 and 6, amendments^ 
to the constitution. 

ARTICLE XX.— Prohibition. 

Sec. 217, No person, association or corporation shall 
within this state, manufacture for sale or gift, any intoxi- 
cating liquors, and no person, association or corporation 



126 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



shall import any of the same for sale or gift, or keep or sell 
or offer the same for sale, or gift, barter or trade as a bev- 
erage. The legislative assembly shall by law prescribe 
regulations for the enforcement of the provisions of this 
article and shall thereby provide suitable penalties for the 
violation thereof. 

SCHEDULE. 

Section 1. That no inconvenience may arise from a 
change of territorial government to state government, it 
is declared that all writs, actions, prosecutions, claims and 
rights of individuals and bodies corporate shall continue as 
if no change of government had taken place, and all pro- 
-cesses which may, before the organization of the judicial 
department under this constitution, be issued under the 
authority of the territory of Dakota, shall be as valid as if 
issued in the name of the state. 

Sec 2. All laws now in force in the territory of Dakota, 
which are not repugnant to this constitution, shall remain 
in force until they expire by their own limitations or be 
altered or repealed. 

Sec. 3. All fines, penalties, forfeitures and escheats ac- 
cruing to the territory of Dakota shall accrue to the use of 
the states of North Dakota and South Dakota, and may be 
sued for and recovered by either of said states as necessity 
may require. 

Sec. 4. . All recognizances, bonds, obligations or other un- 
-dertakings, heretofore taken, or which may be taken before 
the organization of the judicial department under this con- 
stitution, shall remain valid, and shall pass over to, and 
may be prosecuted in the name of the state; all bonds, obli- 
gations or other undertakings executed to this territory, or 
to any officer in his official capacity,* shall pass over to the 
proper state authority, and to their successors in office, for 
the use therein respectively expressed, and may be sued for 
and recovered accordingly; all criminal prosecutions and 
penal actions, which have arisen or may arise before the 
organization of the judicial department, under this consti- 
tution, or which shall then be pending, may be prosecuted 
to judgment and execution in the name of the state. 

Sec. 5. All property real and personal, and credits, 
claims and choses in action belonging to the territory of 
Dakota at the time of the adoption of this constitution, 
shall be vested in and become the property of the states of 
North Dakota and South Dakota. 

Sec. 6. Whenever any two of the judges of the supreme 
-court of the state, elected under the provisions of this con- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 127 



stitution, shall have qualified in their offices, the causes 
then pending the supreme court of the territory on ap- 
peal or writ of error from the district courts of any county 
or subdivision within the limits of this state, and the 
papers, records and proceedings of said court shall pass 
into the jurisdiction and possession of the supreme court of 
the state, except as otherwise provided in the enabling act 
of congress, and until so superseded the supreme court of 
the territory and the judges thereof shall continue, with 
like powers and jurisdiction as if this constitution had not 
been adopted. Whenever the judge of the district court of 
any district elected under the provisions of this constitu- 
tion shall have qualified in this office, the several causes 
then pending in the district court of the territory within any 
county in such district, and the records, papers and pro- 
ceediiigs of .said district court, and the seal and other prop- 
erty pertaining thereto, shall pass into the jurisdiction and 
possession of the district court of the state for such county, 
except as provided in the enabling act of congress, and un- 
til the district courts of this territory shall be superseded in 
the manner aforesaid, the said district courts and the judges 
thereof shall continue with the same jurisdiction and power 
to be exercised in the same judicial districts respectively as 
heretofore constituted under the laws of the territory. 

Sec. 7. Until otherwise provided bv law, the seals now in 
use in the supreme and district courts of this territory are 
hereby declared to be the seals of the supreme and district 
courts respectively of the state. 

Sec. 8. Whenever this constitution shall go into effect, 
the books, records and papers and proceedings of the pro- 
bate ^ court in each county, and all causes and matters of 
administration and otfter matters pending therein, shall 
pass into the jurisdiction and possession of the county 
court of the same county, and the said county court shall 
proceed to final decree or judgment, order or other deter- 
mination in the said several matters and causes as the said 
probate court might have done if this constitution had not 
been adopted. And until the election and qualification of 
the judges of the county courts provided for in this con- 
stitution, the probate judges shall act as the judges of the 
county courts within their respective counties, and the seal 
of tae probate court in each county shall be the seal of the 
county court therein until the said court shall have pro- 
cured a proper seal. 

Sec. 9. The terms^ "probate court" or "probate judge," 
whenever occurring in the statutes of the territory, shall 
after this constitution goes into effect, be held to apply to 
the county court or county judge. 



128 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Sec. 10. All territorial, county and precinct officers, who 
may be in office at the time this constitution takes effect, 
whether holding their offices under the authority of the 
United States or of the territory, shall hold and exercise 
their respective offices, and perform the duties thereof as 
prescribed in this constitution, until their successors shall 
bj elected and qualified in accordance with the provisions 
of this constitution, and official bonds of all such officers 
sl*all continue in full force and effect as though this consti- 
tution had not been adopted; and such officers for their 
term of service, under this constitution, shall receive the 
same salaries and compensation as is by this constitution 
or by the laws of the territory, provided for like officers; 
provided, that the county and precinct officers shall hold 
their offices for the term for which thev were elected 
There shall be elected in each organized county in this 
state, at the election to be held for the ratification of this 
constitution, a clerk of the district court, who snaH hold 
his office under said election until his successor is duly 
elected and qualified. The judges of the district court shall 
have power to appoint state's attorneys in any organized 
counties wh^re no such attorneys have been elected, which 
appointment shall continue until the general election to be 
held in 1890, and until his successor is elected and qualified. 

Sec. 11. This constitution shall take effect and be in full 
force immediately upon the admission of the territory as a 
state. 

Sec. 12. Immediately upon the adjournment of this con- 
vention the governor of the territory, or, in case of his ab- 
sence, or failure to act, the secretary of the territory, or in 
case of his absence or failure to act, the president of the 
constitutional convention shall issue a proclamation, which 
shall be published and a copy thereof mailed to the chair- 
man of the board of county commissioners of each county, 
calling an election by the people on the first Tuesday in 
October, 1889, of all the state and district officers created 
and made elective by this constitution. This constitution 
shall be submitted for adoption or rejection at said election 
to a vote of the electors qualified by the laws of this terri- 
tory to vote at all elections. At the election provided for 
herein the qualified voters shall vote directly for or aeainst 
this constitution and for or against the article separately 
submitted. 

^ Sec. 13. The board of commissioners of the several coun- 
ties shall thereupon order such election for said day, and 
shall cause notice thereof to be given for the period of 
twenty days, in the manner provided by law. Every quali- 
fied elector of the territory, at the date of said election. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 129 



shall be entitled to vote thereat. Said election shall be 
conducted in all respects in the same manner as provided by 
the laws of the territory for general elections, and the 
returns for all state and district officers, and members of 
the legislative assembly, shall be made to the canvassing 
board hereinafter provided for. 

Sec 14. The governor, secretary and chief justice, or a 
majority of them, shall constitute a board of canvassers to 
canvass the vote of such election for all state and district 
officers and members of the legislative assembly. The said 
board shall assemble at the seat of government of tne terri- 
tory on the fifteenth day after the day of such election (or 
on the following day if such day falls on Sunday), and pro- 
ceed to canvass the votes on the adoption of this constitution 
and for all state and district officers and members of 
the legislative assembly in the manner provided by the 
laws of the territory for canvassing the vote for delegate to 
congress, and they shall issue certificates of election to the 
persons found to be elected to said offices severally, and 
shall make and file with the secretary of the territory an 
abstract certified bv them, of the number of votes cast for 
or against the adoption of the constitution, and for each 
person for each of said offices, and of the total number of 
votes cast in each county. 

Sec. 15. All officers elected at such election shall, with- 
in sixty days after the date of the executive proclamation 
admitting the state of North Dakota into the union, take 
the oath required by this constitution, and give the same 
bond required by the law of the territory to be given in case 
of like officers of the territory and districts, and shall 
thereupon, enter upon the duties of their respective offices,, 
but the legislative assembly may require by law all such 
officers to give other or further bonds as a condition of 
their continuance in office. 

Sec. 16. The judges of the district court who shall be 
elected at the election herein provided for shall hold their 
offices until the first Monday in January, 1893, and until 
their successors are elected and qualified. All other state 
officers, except judges of the supreme court, who shall be 
elected at the election herein provided for, shall hold their 
offices until the first Monday in January, 1891, and until 
their successors are elected and qualified. Until otherwise 
provided by law, the judges of the supreme court shall re- 
ceive for their services the salary of four thousand dollars 
per annum, payable quarterly; and the district judges shall 
receive for their services the salary of three thousand dol- 
lars per annum, payable quarterly. 

-9- 



130 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Sec. 17. The governor-elect of the state immediately 
upon his qualifying and entering upon the duties of his 
office shall issue his proclamation convening the legislative 
assembly of the state at the seat of government on a day to 
be named in said proclamation, and which shall not be less 
than fifteen nor more than forty days after the date of such 
proclamation. And said legislative assembly after organ- 
izing: shall proceed to elect two senators of the United 
States for the state of North Dakota ; and at said election 
the two persons who shall receive a majority of all the votes 
cast by the said senators and representatives shall be 
elected such United States senators. And the presiding 
officers of the senate and house of representatives shall 
each certify the election to the governor and secretary of 
the state of North Dakota; and the governor and secretary 
of state shall certify the election of such senators as pro- 
vided by law. 

Sec. 18. At the election herein provided for there shall 
be elected a representative to the fifty-first congress of the 
United States, by the electors of the state at large. 

Sec. 19. It is hereby made the duty of the legislative as- 
sembly at its first session to provide for the payment of all 
debts and indebtedness authorized to be incurred by the 
constitutional convention of North Dakota, which shall re- 
main unpaid after the appropriation made by congress for 
the same shall have been exhausted. 

Sec. 20. There shall be submitted at the same election 
at which this constitution is submitted for rejection or 
adoption, article 20, entitled "Prohibition," and persons 
who desire to vote for said article shall have written or 
printed on their baHots "For Prohibition," and all persons 
desiring to vote against said article shall have written or 
printed on their ballots "Against Prohibition." If it shall 
appear according to the returns herein provid:d for that a 
majority of all the votes cast at said election for and against 
prohibition are for prphibition, then said article 20 shall 
be and form a part of this constitution and be in full force 
and effect as such from the date of the admission of this 
state into the union. But if a majority, of said votes shall 
appear according to said returns to be against prohibition 
then said article 20 shall be null and void and shall not be 
a part of this constitution. 

Sec. 21. The agreement made by the joint commission of 
the constitutional conventions of North Dakota and South 
Dakota concerning the records, books and archives of the 
territory of Dakota is hereby ratified and confirmed: which 
agreement is in the words following: That is to sav: 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 131 



The following books, records and archives of the territory 
of Dakota shall be the property of North Dakota, towit: 
All records, books and archives in the offices of the governor 
and secretary of the territory (except records of articles of 
incorporation of domestic corporations, returns of election 
of delegates to the constitutional convention of 1889 for 
South Dakota, returns of elections held under the so-called 
local option law, in counties within the limits of South Da- 
kota, bonds of notaries public appointed for counties within 
the limits of South Dakota, papers relating to the organiz- 
ation of counties situate within the limits of South Dakota, 
all which records and archives are a part of the records and 
archives of said secretary's office: excepting, also, census 
returns from counties situate within the limits of South 
Dakota and papers relating to requisitions issued upon the 
application of officers of counties situate within the limits 
of South Dakota, all of which are a part of the records and 
archives of said governor's office). 

And the following records, books and archives shall also 
"be the property of the state of North Dakota, towit: 
Vouchers in the office or custody of the auditor of this ter- 
ritory relating to expenditures on account of public insti- 
tutions, grounds or buildings situate* within the limits of 
North Dakota. . One warrant register in the office of the 
treasurer of this territory — being a record of warrants 
issued under and by virtue of chapter 24 of the laws enacted 
by the eighteenth legislative assembly of Dakota territory. 
All letters, receipts and vouchers in the same office now filed 
"by counties and pertaining to counties within the limits of 
North Dakota. ^ Paid and cancelled coupons in the same 
•office, representing interest on bonds which said state of 
North Dakota is to assume and pay. Reports of gross 
•earnings of the year 1888 in the same office, made by corpo- 
rations operating lines ^ of railroad situated wholly or 
mainly within the limits of North Dakota. Records and 
papers of the office of the public examiner of the second 
district of the territory. Records and papers in the office 
of the district board of agriculture. Records and papers in 
the office of the board of pharmacy of the District of North 
Dakota. 

All records, books and archives of the territory of Dakota 
which it is not herein agreed shall be the property of North 
Dakota, shall be the property of South Dakota. 

The following books shall be copied and the copies shall 
be the property of North Dakota, and the cost of such 
copies shall be borne equally by said states of North Dakota 
and South Dakota. That is to say: 



132 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Appropriation ledger for years ending November, 1889-90 
— one volume. 

The auditor's current warrant register — one volume. 

Insurance record for 1889 — one volume. 

Treasurer's cash book — "D." 

Assessment ledger — "B." 

Dakota territory bond register — one volume. 

Treasurer's current ledger— one volume. 

The originals oi the foregoing volumes which are to be 
copied shall at any time after such copying shall have been 
completed be delivered on demand to the proper authori- 
ties of the state of South Dakota. 

All other records, books and archives, which it is hereby 
agreed shall be the property of South Dakota, shall remain 
at the capitol of North Dakota until demanded by the legis- 
lature of the state of South Dakota, and until the state of 
North Dakota shall have had a reasonable time after such 
demand is made to provide copies or abstracts of such por- 
tions thereof as the said state of North Dakota may desire 
to have copies or abstracts of. 

The state of South Dakota may also provide copies or ab- 
stracts of such records, books and archives, which it is 
agreed shall be the property of North Dakota, as said state 
of South Dakota shall desire to have copies or abstracts of. 
The expenses of all copies or abstracts of records, books, 
and archives which it is herein agreed may be made, shall 
be borne equally by said two states. 

Sec. 22. Should the counties containing lands which form 
a part of the grant of lands made by congress to the North- 
ern Pacific railroad company, be compelled by law to refund 
moneys paid for such lands or any of them by purchasers 
thereof at tax sales thereof, based upon taxes illegally 
levied upon said lands, then and in that case the state of 
North Dakota shall appropriate the sum of twenty-five 
thousand dollars ($25,000) or so much thereof as may be 
necessary to reimburse said counties for the amount so re- 
ceived from said illegal tax sales and paid by said counties 
into the treasury of Dakota territory. 

Sec. 23. This constitution shall after its enrollment be 
signed by the president of this convention and the chief 
clerk thereof, and such delegates as desire to sign the same, 
whereupon it shall be deposited in the office of the secre- 
tary of the territory, where it may be signed at any time 
by any delegate who shall be prevented from signing the 
same for any reason at the time of the adjournment of this 
convention. 

Sec. 24. In case the territorial officers of the territory of 
Dakota, or any of them who are now reauired by law to 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 133 

report to the governor of the territory, annually or bien- 
nially, shall prepare and publish such reports covering the 
transactions of their offices up to the time of the admission 
of the state of North Dakota into the union, the legislative 
assembly shall make sufficient appropriations to pay one- 
half of the cost of such publication. 

Sec. 25. The governor and secretary of the territory are 
hereby authorized to make arrangements for the meeting 
of the first legislative assembly, and the inauguration of 
the, state government. 

Sec. 26. The legislative assembly shall provide for the 
editing and for the publication in an independent volume, 
of this constitution, as soon as it shall take effect, and 
whenever it shall be altered or amended, and shall cause to 
be published in the same volume the declaration of inde- 
pendence, the constitution of the United States and the 
enabling act. 

Done at Bismarck, Dakota, in open convention, this 17th 
day of August, A. D. 1889. 

F. B. Fancher, 
President. 
John G. Hamilton, Chief Clerk. 



AMENDMENTS TO CONSTITUTION. 



ARTICLE I. 

The legislative assembly shall have no power to author- 
ize lotteries or gift enterprises for any purpose and shall 
pass laws to prohibit the sale of lottery or gift enterprise 
tickets. 

ARTICLE II. 

Sec. 121. Every male person of the age of twenty-one 
years or upwards, belonging to either of the . following 
classes, who shall have resided in the state one year and 
in the county six months, and in the precinct ninety days 
next preceding any election, shall be a qualified elector at 
such election. 

First — Citizens of the United States. 

Second — Civilized persons of Indian descent, who shall 
have severed their tribal relations two years next preceding 
such election. 

Sec. 127., No person who is under guardianship, non 
compos mentis or insane, shall be qualified to vote at 



134 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

any election; nor any person convicted of treason or fel- 
ony, unless restored to civil rights; and the legislature shall 
by law establish an educational test as a qualification, and 
may prescribe penalties for failing, neglecting or refusing 
to vote at any general election. 

ARTICLE III. 

Sec. 76. The governor shall have power in conjunction 
with the board of pardons, of which the governor shall be 
ex officio a member and the other members of which shall 
consist of the attorney general of the state of North Da- 
kota, the chief justice of the supreme court of the state of 
North Dakota, and two qualified electors who shall be ap- 
pointed by the governor, to remit fines and forfeitures, to 
grant reprieves, commutations and pardons after ^ convic- 
tion for all offenses except treason and cases of impeach- 
ment; but the lefjislative assembly may by law regulate 
the manner in which the remission of fines, pardons, com- 
mutations and reprieves may be applied for. Upon con- 
viction of treason the governor shall have the power to sus- 
pend the execution of sentence until the case shall be re- 
pnrtcil to the legislative assembly at its next regular ses- 
sion, when the legislative assembly shall either pardon or 
commute the sentence, direct the execution of the sentence 
or grant further reprieve. The governor shall communicate 
to the legislative assembly at each regular session each 
case of remission of fine, reprieve, commutation or pardon 
granted bv the^ board of pardons,^ stating the name of the 
convict, the crime for which he is convicted, the sentence 
and its date and the date of remission, commutation, pardon 
or reprieve, with their reasons for granting the same. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Sec. 179. All property, except as hereinafter in this sec- 
tion provided, shall be assessed in the county, city, town- 
ship, village or district in which it is situated, in the man- 
ner prescribed by law. The franchise, roadway, roadbed, 
rails and rolling stock of all railroads, and the franchise 
and all other property of all express companies, freight line 
companies, car equipment companies, sleeping car companies, 
dining car companies, tele|g(raph or telephone' companies, 
or corporations operated in this state and used directly 
or indirectly in the carrying of persons, property, or 
messages, shall be assessed by the state board of equal- 
ization at their actual value, and such assessed value shall 
be apportioned to the counties, cities, towns, villages, 
townships and districts in which such railroad companies, 
express companies, sleeping car companies, dining car 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA I'SS 



companies, telegraph and telephone companies are located, 
or through which they are operated, as a basis for the tax- 
ation of such property, in proportion to the number of 
miles of such property, within such counties, cities, towns, 
villagtes, townships and districts, or over which any part 
of such property is used or operated within such counties, 
towns, villages, townships and districts. But should any 
railroad allow any portion of its roadway to be used for any 
purpose other than the operation of a railroad thereon, such 
portion of its roadway, while so used, shall be assessed in 
the manner provided for the- assessment of other real 
property. 

ARTICLE V. 

Subdivision 5 of section 215. 

Fifth. The school for the deaf and dumb of North Da- 
kota, at the City of Devils Lake, in the county of Ramsey. 

ARTICLE VI. 

Subdivision 8, of section 215. 

Eighth. A state hospital for the insane at the city of 
Jamestown, in the county of Stutsman. And the legislative 
assembly shall appropriate twenty thousand acres of the 
grant of lands made by the act of congress aforesaid for 
"other educational and charitable institutions," to the benefit 
and for the endowment of said institution, and there shall 
be located at or near the city of Grafton, in the county 
of- Walsh, an institution for the feeble minded, on the 
grounds purchased by the secretary of the interior for a 
penitentiary buildinj?. 

ARTICLE VII. 

Addenda to section 176: 

The legislative assembly may further provide that grain 
grown within the state and held therein in elevators, ware- 
houses and granaries may be taxed at a fixed rate. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

The moneys of the permanent school fund and other edu- 
cational funds shall be invested only in bonds of school cor- 
porations or of counties, or of townships, or of municipali- 
ties within the state, bonds issued for the construction of 
drains under authority of law within the state, bonds of the 
United States, bonds of the state of North Dakota, bonds 
of other states; provided, such states have never repudiated 
any of their indebtedness, or on first mortgages on farm 
lands in this state, not exceeding in amount, one-third of 



136 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



the actual value of any subdivision on which the same may 
be Loaned, such value to be determined by the board of ap- 
prabal of school lands. 

ARTICLE IX. 

Sec. 158. Minimum Price of State Lands. No lands shall 
be sold for less than the appraised value and in no case 
for less than ten dollars per acre. The purchaser shall pay 
one-fifth of the price in cash, and the remaining four-fifths 
as follows : One-fifth in five years, one-fifth in ten years, 
one-fifth in fifteen years and one-fifth in twenty years, with 
interest at the rate of not less than six per centum, pay- 
able annually in advance. All sales shall be held at the 
county seat of the county in which the land to be sold 
is situate, and shall be at public auction and to the highest 
bidder, after sixty days' advertisement of the same in' 
a newspaper of general circulation in the vicinity of the lands 
to be sold, and one at the seat of government. Such lands 
as shall not have been specially subdivided shall be offered 
in tracts of one-quarter section, and those so subdivided in 
the smallest subdivisions. All lands designated for sale and 
not sold within two years after appraisal, shall be reap- 
praised before they are sold. No gfrant or patent for any 
such lands shall issue until payment is made for the same; 
provided, that the lands contracted to be sold by the state 
shall be subject to taxation from the date of such con- 
tract. In case the taxes assesed against any of said lands 
for any year remain unpaid until the first Monday in Oc- 
tober of the following year, then and thereupon the con- 
tracts of sale of such lands shall, at the election of the 
board of university and school lands, become null and void; 
and no such contract heretofore made shall be held void 
for nonpayment of taxes accruing on the lands described 
therein; provided, such taxes shall have been paid before 
this amendment takes effect; provided, further, that any 
school or institution land that may be required for townsite 
purposes may be paid for at any time and patent issued 
therefor. 

ARTICLE X. 

Sec. 89. The supreme court shall consist of five judges, a 
majority of whom shall be necessary to form a quorum or 
pronounce a decision; but one or more of said judges may 
adjourn the court from day to day or to a day certain. 



: PROCLAMATION OF ADMISSION 



[Issued by President Harrison, Nov 2, 1889.] 

Whereas, The congress of the United States did, by an 
act approved on the twenty-second day of February, one 
thousand eight hundred and eighty-nine, provide that the 
inhabitants of the territory of Dakota might, upon the con- 
ditions prescribed by said act, become the states of North 
Dakota and South Dakota; and 

Whereas, It was provided by said act that the area com- 
prising the territory of Dakota should, for the purposes of 
the act be divided on the' line of the seventh standard paral- 
lel produced due west to the western boundary of said 
territory and that the delegates elected as therein provided 
to the constitutional convention in districts north of said 
parallel should assemble in convention at the time pre- 
scribed in the act at the city of Bismarck : and 

Whereas, It was provided by the said act that the dele- 
gates elected, as aforesaid, should, after they had met and 
organized, declare on behalf of the people of North Dakota 
that they adopt the constitution of the United States; 
whereupon the said convention should be authorized to 
form a constitution and state government for the proposed 
^tate of North Dakota; and 

Whereas, It was provided by said act that the constitu- 
tion so adopted should be republican in form and make no 
distinction in civil or political rights on account of race or 
color, except as to Indians not taxed, and not be repugnant 
to the constitution of the United States and the principles 
of the declaration of independence; and that the constitu- 
tion should, by an ordinance irrevocable without the consent 
of the United States and the people of said states, make 
•certain provisions prescribed in said act; and 

Whereas, It was provided by said act that the constitu- 
tions of North Dakota and South Dakota should respect- 
ively incorporate an agreement, to be reached in accord- 
ance with the provision of the act for an equitable divi- 
sion of all property belonging to the territory of Dakota, 
the disposition of all public records, and also for the appor- 
tionment of the debts and liabilities of said territory, and 
that each of said states should obligate itself to pay its 
proportion of such debts and liabilities the same as if they 
had been created by such states respectively; and . 



1'^^ LEGISLATH'^E MANUAL 



. ^ tSne * ^* ^^^ provided by said act that the constitu« 
^^ nrf\\L ^^^^^ ^°^ *^^ P^op'e of North Dakota should by 
^^•i.f^/1 f *?5 ^* *^^ convention forming .the same, be sub- 
^ ii fliA • ^ people of North Dakota, at an election to be 
^u^Ua^ ?" *^^ ^^st Tuesday in October, one thousand 
cig"t nundred and eighty-nine, for ratification or rejection 
\yy tne qualified voters of said proposed state, and that the 
returns of said election should be made to the secretary of 
the territory of Dakota, who with the governor and chief 
justice thereof, or any two of them, should canvass the 
same, and if a majority of the legal votes cast should be for 
the constitution, the governor should certify the result to the 
president of the United States, together with a statement 
of the votes cast thereon, and upon separate articles or 
propositions and a copy of said constitution, articles, propo- 
sitions and ordinances; and 

Whereas, It has been certified to me by the governor of 
the territory of Dakota, that within the time prescribed by 
said act of congress a constitution for the proposed state of 
North^ Dakota has been adopted and the same ratified by a 
majority of the qualified voters of said proposed state in 
accordance with the conditions prescribed in said act; and" 
Whereas, It is also certified to me by said governor that 
at the same time that the body of said constitution was 
submitted to a vote of the people, a separate article num- 
bered 20 and entitled "prohibition" was also submitted and 
received a majority of all the votes cast for and against 
said article as well as a majority of all the votes cast for 
and against the constitution, and was adopted ; and 

Whereas, A duly authenticated copy of said constitution, 
article, ordinances and propositions, as required by said" 
act has been received by me; 

Now, therefore, I, Beitjamin Harrison, president of the 
United States of America, do, in accordance with the pro- 
visions of the act of congress aforesaid, declare and pro- 
claim the fact that the conditions imposed by congress on- 
the state of North Dakota to entitle that state to admission- 
to the union, have been ratified and accepted and that the 
admission of the said state into the union is now complete. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and 
caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at 
the city of Washington, this second day of November, in 
the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and* 
eighty-nine, and of the independence of the United States 
of America one hundred and fourteenth. 

BENJ. HARRISON. 
By the President: 
JAMES G. BLAINE, Secretary of State. 



STATISTICS SINCE STATEHOOD 



1889 



STATISTICS 



STATE OFFICERS SINCE STATEHOOD. 

Since admission the state of North Dakota has had the foUowu^c. 
state officers: 

Governors. 

(First state officers qualified November 4, 1889.) 



John Miller 1889-90 

Andrew H. Burke 1891-98 

(b) Eli C D. Shortridge 1898-94 

Roger AUin 1896-96 

•Frank A. Brign 1897-98 

(a) Joseph M. Derine ..1898 



Frederick B. Fsneher . . . .1899-0(K 

Frank White 1901-08 

Frank White 1908-04 

E. Y. Sarles 1906-00 

(b) John Burke 1907-08. 

(b) John Burke 1909 



*Died in office, Jtdy> 1898. 

(a) Served out imexpired term of Governor Briggs. 

Lieutenant Governors, 



Alfred M. Dickey 1889-90 

Roger Allin 1891-92 

(b) Elmer D. Wallace ..1898-94 

John H. Worst 1896-96 

Joseph M. Devine 1897-98 

Joseph M. Devine 1899-00 



David Bartlett 1901-09^ 

David Bartlett 1908-04 

David liartlett 1906-06 

R. S. Lewis 1907-Oa 

R. S. Lewis 1909 



Secretaries of State, 



John Flittle 1889-98 

Christian M. Dahl 1898-96 

Fred FaUey 1897-98 

Fred Falley 1899-00 

E. F. Porter 1901-02 



E. F. Porter 1908-04 

E. F. Porter 1906-06 

Alfred Blaisdell 1907-08 

Alfred Blaisdell 1909 



Auditors. 



♦John p. Bray 1899-92 

(a) Archie Currie 1892 

(b) A. W. Porter 1898-94 

Frank A. Briggs 1896-06 

N. B. Hannum 1897-98 

A. N. Carlblom 1899-00 



A. N. Carlblom 1901-08 

H. L. Holmes 1908-04 

H. L. Holmes 1906-06 

H. L. Holmes 1907-08. 

D. K. Brightbill 1909 



•Resigned. 

(a) Appointed to fill vacancy* September 10, 1892. 



Treasurers. 



L. E. Booker 1889-92 

(b) Knud J. NomUnd ..1898-94 

George E. Nichols 1895-96 

George E. Nichols 1897-98 

D. W. Driscoll 1899-00 



D. H. 
D. H. 
Albert 
Albert 
Albert 



McMillan 1901-02 

McMillan 1908-04 

Peterson 1906-06 

Peterson 1907-08. 

Peterson 1907 



142 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Attorney Generals. 



Oeorge F. Goodwin 1889-90 

C. A. M. Spencer 1891-92 

(b) W. H. Standish 1893-94 

John F. Cowan 1895-96 

John F. Cowan 1897-98 

John F. Cowan 1899-00 



O. D. Comstock 1901-02 

C. N. Frich 1903-04 

C. N. Frich 1906-06 

T. F. McCue 1907-08 

Andrew Miller 1909 



(b) Democrats. All others republican. 

Superintendents of Public Instruction. 



♦William Mitchell 1889-90 

♦W. J. Clapp 1890 

John Ogden 1891-92 

(b) Laura J. Eisenhuth.. 1898-94 

Emma B. Bates 1895-96 

John G. Halland 1897-98 



John G. Halland 1899-00 

Joseph M. Devinc 1901-02 

W. L. Stockwell 1903-04 

W. L. Stockwell 1905-06 

W. L. Stockwell 1907-08 

W. L. Stockwell 1909 



*William Mitchell died March 10, 1890, and W. J. Clapp was ap- 
pointed to fill the unexpired term. 



Commissioners of Agriculture and Labor, 



H. 

(b) 

A. 

H. 

H. 



T. Helgeson 1889-92 

♦Nelson Williams ...1893-94 

H. Laughlin 1896-96 

U. Thomas 1897-98 

U. Thomas 1899-00 



R. J. Turner 1901-02 

R. J. Turner 1908-04 

W. C. Gilbreath 1906-06 

W. C. Gilbreath 1907-Or 

W. C. Gilbreath 1909 



♦Appointed; Adams, who was elected, failed to qualify. 

Commissioners of Insurance. 



A. L. Carey 1889-92 

(b) James Cudhie 1893-94 

Fred B. Fancher 1896-96 

Fred B. Fancher 1897-98 

•George W. Harrison ....1899-00 



Ferdinand Leutz 1901-02 

Ferdinand Leutz 1908-04 

E. C. Cooper 1906-06 

E. C. Cooper 1907-08 

E. C. Cooper 1909 



Commissioners of Railroads. 



Geo. S. Montgomery ....1889-90 

T. S. Underhill 1889-90 

David Bartlett 1889-90 

Oeo. H. Walsh 1891-92 

•Geo. Harmon 1891-92 

Andrew Slotten 1891-92 

(b) Peter Cameron 1893-94 

(b) Ben Stevens 1893-94 

(b) Nels P. Rasmussen ..1893-94 

John W. Curric 1896-96 

John Wamberg 1895-96 

Oeo. H. Kcyes 1896-96 

Geo. H. Keyes 1897-98 

L. L. Walton 1897-98 

J. R. Gibson 1897-98 

John Simons 1899-00 

L. L. Walton 1899-00 

"Henry Erickson 1899-00 



J: 

C. 

h. 

A. 
C. 



F. 
F. 

k 

J. 



Shea 1901-02 

Youngblood 1901-02 

Lord 1901-03 

Shea 1908-04 

Lord 1903-04 

Schatz 1908-04 

S. Deisem 1906-06 

Erick Stafne 1906-06 

John Christianson 1906-06 

C. S. Deisem 1907-08 

Erick Stafne 1907-08 

Simon Westby 1907-08 

W. H. Stutsman 1909 

O. P. N. Anderson 1909 

Wm. H. Mann 1909 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 143 



Judges of Supreme Court. 

• 

At the first state election, October, 1889, Guy C. H. Corliss, Al- 
fred Wallin and Joseph M. Bartholomew, were elected judges of 
the supreme court for terms, respectively, three, five and seven 
years, and by lot it was determined that Judge Corliss should 
■serve the three years term, Judge Bartholomew for five years and 
Judge Wallin for seven years. Each served and others have been 
•elected as follows : 

Guy C. H. Corliss, of Grand Forks, for the term of six years com- 
mencing December, 1892. 

J. M. Bartholomew, of I.aMoure, for the term of six years com- 
mencing December, 1895. 

Alfred Wallin, of Fargo, for the term of six years commencing 
December, 1897. 

N. C. Young, of Fargo, for the term of six years, commencing De- 
cember. 1898. Re-elected for the term of six years commencing Decem- 
ber, 1904. Resigned, 1906. 

Guy C. H. Corliss resigned 1898 and N. C. Young was ap- 
pointed to fill the unexpired term, and then elected in 1898. 

David Morgan, of Devils Lake, for the term of six years com- 
mencing December, 1900. Re-elected in 1906. 

John M. Cochrane, of Grand Forks, for the term of six years com- 
mencing December, 1902. Died July 20, 1904. Edward Engerud 
of Fargo, was appointed to fill unexpired term. 

Edward Engerud, of Fargo, for the term of six years commencing 
December, 1904. Resigned, 1907. 

John Kanuf, Jamestown, appointed to succeed N. C. Young, re- 
signed. Served until December 15, 1906. 

(b) C J. Fisk, Grand Forks, elected 1906, to fill unexpired term 
of N. C Young. 

B. F. Spalding, F^rgo, appointed 1907, to fill unexpired term of 
Edward Engerud. 

Judge Carmody, Hillsboro; S. E. Ellsworth, Jamestown; both 
appointed associate justices by Governor Burke, January 15, 1909. 

Judges of District Courts. 

Terms expire 

First District— -(b) Charles F. Templeton 1896 

First District— (b) Charles J. Fisk* 1908 

First District— (b) Charles F. Templeton** 1 908 

First District— (b) Charles F. Templeton 1912 

Second District — David E. Morgan 1900 

Second District — ^John Cowan 1908 

Second District — ^John Cowan 1912 

Third District— (b) Vvm. B. McConnell 1896 

Third District— Charles A. Pollock 1 908 

Third District— Charles A. Pollock 1912 

Fourth District— W. S. Lauder 1906 

Fourth District — Frank P. Allen 1908 

Fourth District— Frank P. Allen 1912 

Fifth District— (b) Roderick Rose 1896 

Fifth District— S. L. Glaspell 1906 

Fifth District— Edward T. Burke 1908 

Fifth District— Edward T. Burke 1912 

Sixth District— W. H. Winchester 1908 

Sixth District— W. H. Winchester 1912 

Seventh District— Q. E. Sauter 1900 

Seventh District — ^W. J. Kneeshaw 1908 

(b) Democrats. All others rcDublicans. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



.Sevcntfa Diitrlct— W. J. Koettbaw 

Eighlh niHrict— L. J. Palda 

EiRhth DlaCrkt—E. B. Goh 

Elghlh Dlilrict— E. B. Gou 

Ninth Dtalrict— A. G. Burr 

Tenlh Di»lrict— W, C. Crawford ,. 



(bf De 



tfd judge ■ 



LE0I8LATIVE ASSEMBLIES SINCE STATEHOOD. 
FIrrt SetiFon— 1Sa9-»0. 

adjourned March 18, ISOO. Thi 

■ernor Alfred Dickey, Pretident, 
. Bowilield. Sccreiai7. 

•lEMBERS. 

ndrew Slotten. F. G. Barlow, 



Sandager,' 
L. Fiiher, 



h 






J. 


H. Wo 








B. Li 


















E. 


k 


Yeager, 

Swanalon, 


N 


-r^. 



J. G. Hamilton, Chief 


Clerk. 




MEMBERS. 






rn."i,rj,.n £:• s-te- 


F. 


D. Mc In tyre 


•It. L. Norton, "L. F. Zimmer, 


N. 


B. Pinkbam, 


John Sladieman. A. P. Haugen, 


J" 


n 0. Bye, 


tohn IL McCuIlough, Ole T. Cronli, 

A, N. F™ Roderick J. Johnion 


h. 


D. Court, 


. F' 


nk J. Lange 


John Montgomery, O, T, Tahr, 




W. Beard. 


A. O. Haugerud. J. F. Selby, 




M. HankinM 


Alex, Thomion, H. H. Strom, 


R. 


N. Ink, 


Franklin E.tabrooh, E. S. Tyler. 




0. Heglie, 


■llemocrata. All olhen republicans. 







STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



145 



E. W. Bowcn, 
W. S. Buchanan « 
R. N. Stevens, 
T. L. Green. 
Duncan McDonald, 
C. J. Christiansen, 
W. H. H. Roney, 
Chris. Balkan, 
Ole E. Olsgard, 
*W, H. Murphy, 
♦F. R. Renaud, 



MEMBERS-Continued 
James Brittin, 
G. £. Ingebretsen, Jr. 
D. P. Thomas, . 
James McConnick, 

C. A. Currier, 

D. B. Welhnan^ 
Luther L. Walton^ 
Geo. Lut2, 

John Milsted, 
.. A. Uelandj 
W. B. AUen. 



A. T. Cole, 
Geo. W. Lilly, 
W. L. Belden, 
E. A. Williams, 
Geo. W. Rawlings,. 
James Reed, 
A. C. Nedrudj 
A. W. Hoyt, 
P. B. Wickham, 
C. C. Moore« 



Second Session — 1891-3. 



Convened January 6, 1891, and adjourned March 6. The mem- 
bership was as follows: 

Senate. 

Lieutenant Governor Roger Allin, President. 
C. C. Bowsfield, Secretary. 

MEMBERS. 



Judson LaMoure, 
J. L. Cashel , 
*John Bjorgo, 
N. B. Pinkham, 
(a) Ma?nus Nelson, 
F. G. En^er, 
Andrew Bisbee, 
♦J. M. Patch. 
David P. Kuhn, 
Anton Svensrud , 
*S. B. Brynjolfson, 



H. F. Arnold, 
Roderick Johnson, 

A. H. Lowry, 
*M. L. Engle, 

(a I S. Svennungsen, 
Frank Palmer, 

B. W. Fuller, 
J. H. Worst, 

J ames Johnson , 
A. C. Mcuillivray, 

House. 



Tohn Almen^ 
*M. L. McCormack, 
John Haggart, 
R. N. Ink, 
J. S. Weiser, 
•John Bidlake, 
James McCormick , 
*E. M. Kinter. 
C. B. Little, 
Jos. Miller, 



W. B. Allen, Speaker. 
J. G. Hamilton, Chief Clerk. 



•Patrick Horgan, 
Jacob Graber, 
*Chas. Ebbighausen, 
C. A. Burton * 
Jos. C. Colosky, 
O. S. Wallin, 
j\. Hanson , 
E. H. Holte. 
G. N. Smith. 
•Peter S. Larson, 
(a) John E. Hodgson, 
L. C. Hill, 
W. J. Skinner, 
Fred Dennett, 
H. A. Noltimier. 
L. P. Havrevold. 
•Geo. Lutz, 
W. B. Allen. 
G. H. Fay, 
John A. Davis, 
Wm. McKendry, 



MEMBERS. 

S. L. Haight, 

A. N. Foss. 

•E. E. Daily, 

G. G. Beardsley, 

W. H. Brown. 

Louis Thompson , 

A. L. Loomis. 

D. C. Tufts. 

J. C. Gill, 

"J. W. Cope, 

(a) K. Peabodv 

C. J. Christiansen, 

(a) W. T. McCulloch, 

•Qle Axvig, 

Chas. A. Erickson. 

L. L. Walton. 

♦E. T. Kearney, 

John S. Ritchie, 

Wm. Oscar Ward, 

John Satterlund, 

•J. A. Farrah. 



Arnie Bjornson, 
•James Douglas, 
*W. H. Daniel. 
•M. F. Williams, 
*D. C. Cunningham,. 
H. H. Strom, 
ijeor-e Osgood, 
H. M. Peterson. 
J. Moody Watson, 
•M. N. Triplett, 
Harry S. Oliver. 
Frank White, 
(a) J. P. Lamb, 
•John Burke , 
•T. V. Brooke. 
•Ralph Hall, 
Geo. K. Loring, 
Chas. Fiske. 
Fred Holritz. 



•Democrats, (a) Independents and Fanners' Alliance. All others 
republicans. 



-10- 



146 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Extra Session. 

The second legislative assembly met in special session June 1 to 
June 3, 1892, inclusive, for the purpose of passing acts providing for 
the election of presidential electors and state, district and county 
officers; to create a state board of canvassers; to govern contests in 
election of presidential electors; to make appropriation for North Da- 
kota exhibit and building at World's Fair. 

Third Session— 1893. 

Convened January 3, 1893, and adjuomed March 3, 1893. 

Senate 

Lieutenant Governor Elmer D. Wallace, President. 
Fred Falley, Secretary. 



Judson LaMoure, 
•S. B. Brynjolfson, 
(a) William Hillier, 
». L. Cashel, 
H. F. Arnold, 
•M. L. McCormaclf, 
John A. Sorlev, 
John Haggart, 
Roderick Johnson, 
X^. B. Pinkham, 
R. N. Ink, 



MEMBERS. 




(a) Richard McCartcn, 


, *T. M. 


*M. L. Engle, 


Bailey 


Frank White, 


•F. M. 


F. C. Enger, 


(a) J. 


(a) T. P. Lamb, 


J. H. 


*John Bidlake, 


C. B. 


*Joun Burke, 


Anton 


Frank Palmer, 


Charles 


E. P. Day, 


Joseph 
A. C. 


E. Young, 



Patch, 
Fuller, 

Kinter, 
W. Stevens, 
Worst, 
Little, 
Svensrud, 

Gregory, 
Miller, 
McGillivray, 



House. 

George H. Walsh, Sneaker. 
J. G. Hamilton, Chief Clerk. 



•p. J. Ilorgan. 
•F?enj. James, 
♦Robert Thexton, 
•F. A. Holiday, 
(a) N. H. Rinde, 
(a) K. P. Levang, 
*('. Kbbighausen. 
•William R. Johnston, 
•William O'Keefe, 
•Andrew Johnson, 
J. Dexter Pierce, 
Geo. H. Walsh, 
(a) Lewis Thompson, 
(a) W. T. McCulloch, 
(a) S. M. Lee, 
»F. W. McLean, 
•Charles W. Plain, 
•D. W. McCanna, 
L. P. Havrcvold, 
T. n. Oksendahl, 
E. H. Lohncij 



MEMBERS. 

Thomas Halverson, 

J. B. Wineman, 

Arnc P. Haugcn, 

H. D. Hurley. 

H. H. Strom, 

L. H. Larson, 

O. S. Wallin, 

H. C. Southard, 

Seth Newman, 

D. C. Tufts, 

Filing Severson, 

B. F. Ritter, 

(a) P. Kelly, 

•A. C. San ford, 

•Ralph Hall, 

George Wright 

O. A. Boynton, 

(a) L. A. Ueland. 

(a) George W. Towert 

(a) J. W. Caldwell, 

J. H. Wishck 



Geo. S. Churchill , 
J. B. McArthur, 
Samuel Bullard, 
•Borger Halltua, 
•John N. Dean, 
A. V. Benedict, 
(a) John E. Hodgson, 
(a) Thco. Johnson, 
Harry S. Oliver, 
(a) Thos. M. Elliott, 
(a) Hans O. Hagen, 
(a) John Logan, 
W. F. Cochrane, 
Wm. A. Bentley, 
John Ycgen , 
John A. Davis, 
John Satterlund , 
.1. S. Vecder, 
Louis Burkhart, 
L. A. Simpson , 



•Democrats, (a) Independents. All others republicans. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



147 



Fourth Session — 1895. 

Convened January 8, 1896, and adjourned March 8, 1895. 

Senate. 

Lieutenant Governor John H. Worst, President. 
Fred Falley, Secretary. 



Judson LaMoure, 
<a) James Dobie, 
(a) William HUlicr, 
George Clark, 
H. F. Arnold, 
Frank Viets, 
J. A. Sorley, 
H. H. Strom, 
John Haggart, 
D. C. Tufts, 
A. V. Benedict^ 



MEMBERS. 

(a) R. McCarten, 
Patrick H. Rourke, 
Frank White, 
F. G. Enger, 
(a) J. P. Lamb, 
*Chas. W. Plain, 
"John Burke, 
C. G. Brown, 
E. P. Day, 
E. Young, 



House. 



D. F. Davis, 
Bailev Fuller, 
Charles N. Valentine, 
•a) J. W. Stevens, 
John H. Wishek, 
C. B. Little, 
A. L. Hanscom, 
C. E. Gregory, 
H. S. Parkin, 
A. C. McGillivray, 



James .C. Gill, Speaker. 
J. M. Devine, Chief Qerk. 



(a) Jas. T. Blacklock, 
"•Patrick Horsan, 
(a) Stephen Eyolfson, 
W. B. Wood, 
J. B. Wineman, 
Henry Hancock, 
J. C. Gill. 
L. B. Hanna, 
L. C. Sargent, 
*Thomas Guinan, 
(a) N. H. Rindc, 
A. H. Kellogg, 
Ole A. Rod, 
George Hill , 
Wm. Fleming, 
Joseph A. Myers, 
Fcter N. Korsmo, 
Jos. Colosky, 
Nicolai Swenson , 
Kollin C. Cooper, 
Linn B. Ray, 



MEMBERS. 

*Tohn Flack, 
* James Jennings, 
A. B. McDonald, 
C. L. Lindtsrom, 
O. T. Tofsrud, 
R. J. Walker, 
Peter Herbrandson , 
Tohn I. Lerom, 
T. E. Nelson, 
O. S. Wallin, 
A. W. Edwards, 
E. S. Tyler, 
N. A. Colby, 
T. Twichell, 
E. Gilbertson , 
Frank H. Prosscr, 
Cnas. McLachlan, 
Ed. F. Porter, 
J. J. Nierling, 
E. T. Gleason, 
J. B. Sharpe , 



(a) Andrew Smith, 
(a) F. W. Brainard, 
H. A. Armstrong, 
Erie Stafne, 
James Purdon , 
F. L. Dwyer, 
(a) John £. Hodgson, 
(a) John Cryan, 
Erick Gunderson, 
Morris F. Brown , 
*Nels P. Rasmussen, 
(a) John Logan, 
Geo. S. Roberts. 
Thomas Richards, 
M. Spangberg, 
Anton Svensrud, 
John S. Murphy, 
Herman Kroeger, 
Fred Holritz, 
L. A. Simpson. 



* Democrats, (a) Independents and populists. All others republicans. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Frfth Seiiion— 1897. 

Convtned Jtnuarj' S, 1897. idjourned March i 

tjcutenant Govcrnar Jos<ph M. Devine. Pre 
C B. Little, President pro tempore. 
(b) J. C. Gill. Secielar)'. 



MEMBERS. 



Poit Office 
Pembina 



. .Grand ForVi 



•thaDis Dunlap ... 
(a) Chaa. W. Plain 
(aj D. W. McCanni 
C. G. Brown 



Post Office 
MillOD 



Cbas. N. Valen 



C. B. Little 



A. C. McGillivra: 



; lucceeded by J. O. 



MEMBERS. 



Wirkus . . 



..Hamilton 
....Henael 
Park River 



:fiSL .... 

•K. O, Brolm 
I'eter N. Kora 
lohn MeConn; 
\Villiiim B. W. 
JamcB Ryan 
i'rank Cai.lke 
Andrew Offen 
H. M. Williar 
S. N. Ilfskin 
K. n. Hurley 
(lundrr llowa 



N. A. Colby Gi 



Ililkhoro 
...Fargo 
Fargo 



Name Post Oflice 

•John Carlin Havana 

Robert J. Mitchell Sbeldon 

E. C. Lovelace Ft Ransom 

George W. Earl Oriska 

•W. H. McPheraon.. Valley City 



:w Rockford 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



149 



MEMBERS— Continued. 



Name Post Office 

E^fbert Gilbertson Hickson 

T. Twichell Mapleton 

W. J. Hawk Buffalo 

E. C. Sargent Amenia 

R. B. Boyd Wheatland 

Tames B. Power Power 

John S. Johnson Christine 

K. H. Hankinson ....Hanldnson 
*John Cryan Geneseo 



Name Post Office 

Wesley Baker Livona 

* Wm. L. Belden Napoleon 

E. A. Williams Bismarck 

Thos. Richards McKenzie 

F. M. Hammond ...Willow City 

John S. Murphy Minot 

Herman Kroeger .... New Salem 

Donald Stevenson Stevenson 

Alfred White Medora 



*Fusion democrats and independents. All others republicans. 

Sixth Session — 1899. 

Convened January 3, 1899, adjourned March 3, 1899. 

Senate. 

Lieutenant Governor Joseph M. Devine, President. 

A. C. McGillivray, President pro tempore. 

J. O. Smith, Secretary. 

MEMBERS. 



Name Post Office 

*Judson LaMoure Pembina 

James Fuller Crystal 

(a) K. P. Levang . .Park River 

(b) J. L. Cashel Grafton 

*a.. F. Arnold Larimore 

M. F. Murphy .... Grand Forks 

D. W. Luke Grand Forks 

F. W. Ames Mayville 

(b) T. E. Cronan Fargo 

T. Twichell Mapleton 

*L. B. Hanna Page 

A. Slotten Wahpeton 

(a) R. McCarten Cogswell 

R. C. Sanborn Lisbon 

A. B. Cox Sanborn 

R. C. Cooper Cooperstown 



Name Post Office 

(a) Charles Dunlap Michigan Citv 

W. A. Laidlaw Hannah 

(a) D. W. McCanna Cando 

O. I. Hegge Minnewaukan 

(a) H. M. Creel .... Devils Lake 

E. F. Porter Melville 

*B. W. Fuller Jamestown 

J. B. Sharpe Kulm 

•T. F. Marshall Oakes 

Wesley Baker Livona 

*C. B. Little Bismarck 

(b) V. B. Noble Bottineau 

*W. E. Mansfield Minot 

(b) J. McDougal Mandan 

*A. C. McGillivray . . . Dickinson 



•Republican holdovers, (a) Fusion holdovers, (b) Fusionists elected 
in 1898. All others republicans. 

House. 

Thos. Baker, Speaker. 
John G. Hamilton, Chief Clerk. 

MEMBERS. 



Name Post Office 

J. D. Wallace Drayton 

W. J. Watts ' Hydepark 

J. Thordarson Hensel 

E. H. Restemayer Cavalier 

* J. J. Dougherty .... Park River 
*D. E. Towle Park River 

* \V. R. Johnston . . Forest River 

*Henry Ferris Ardoch 

*K. O. Brotnov Grafton 



Name Post Office 

T. L. Taylor ..Cayuga 

T. J. Dwire Englevale 

A. VL. Laughlin Lisbon 

G. W. Earl Tower City 

D. N. Green Valley City 

C. Winslow Godlen Lake 

M. B. Cassell Clifford 

*S. S. Aas Aneta 

H. McLean Hannah 



L _ 



LEGISLATIVE BIANUAL 



».„. 


MEMBERS 
....Grand Forks 




.....^"^'.-b^SS 




yA%^.^i--^ 


raham-s Island 




Reynolds 

HcRae 

Hallon 

■::::::c^sS: 

H.rwood 




..Devils Lake 

■■•■:|5= 




C. S. Deisem 

John Kennedy ... 


G^and Rapids 
Oakes 




T. W. AI]shon» 
G. q. Gulack 


':::::^i^^ 




Tow«r Ciiy 

.'.'.V.'..!s^mMr 

Christine 

Cogswell 






O. Gilbertson .... 

Wm. Engeltir 

•F. Lish 


Towner 



SevBnth SMslon — 1901. 

Comeaed January 8, ISOl; adjoniiied Uar< 

Senate. 

Prewdmt pro tempore — Judso 

SecrelarT— George L Townss, 

AssisUnt Secretary~L O. Moc. 

Assistant to Secretary— -P. R. Rognlie. 

Sergeantal-arms— W. H. Brown. 

Doorketprr— A. M. Greenfield. 

Journal Clerk— Mrs. J. M. Brown. 

Assistant Journal C]erk~Miss Kstherine Coleniao. 

Chief Enrolling and Engrossing Qerk— L. D. McGalun. 

Bill Clerk— Olaf Holton. 

Slenograpber— R. M. Tuttle. 



















Clerk of Judici: 















































t Call, Jos. Hare. 

MEMBERS. 

ist Name County Post Office 

r Jndson LaMoure Pemhina Pembina 

rh James Fuller Pembina Cnstal 

f O. E. Loflu. Walsh Park River 

fh J. L. Csshel »/a!sh Grafton 

r H. E, Lavayea Grand Forks Laiimore 

fk M. F. Murphy Grand Forks Grand Forfci 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 151 



MEMBERS— Continued. 

Dist Namf County P. O. 

7 r .T D. Taylor Grand Forks Grand Forks 

8 rh F. W. Ames Traill Mayville 

9 r R. S. Lewis Cass rargo 

10 r G. W. Wolbert Cass Casselton 

11 r F. S. Talcott Cass Buflfalo 

12 rh A. Slotten Richland Wahpeton 

18 r J. F. Devlin 5>argent Cayuga 

14 rh R. C. Sanborn Ransom Lisbon 

16 r A. B. Cox Barnes Valley City 

16 rh R. C. Cooper Griggs Cooperstown 

17 r L Swenson Nelson Aneta 

18 rh W. A. Laidlaw Cavalier Hannah 

19 r Wm. Clarke Rolette Rolla 

20 rh O. I. Hegge Benson Minnewaiikan 

21 r Henry Hale Ramsey Devils Lake 

22 r H. T. Miller Wells Bowden 

28 f M. D. Williams Stutsman Jamestown 

24 rh T. B. Sharpe LaMoure Kulm 

25 f O. E. Geer Dickey Ellendale 

26 rh W. Baker Emmons Livona 

27 r C. B. Little Burleigh Bismarck 

28 fh V. B. Noble . . . .' Bottineau Bottineau 

29 r M. Jacobson Ward Minot 

80 fh T. A. McDougal Morton Mandan 

31 r L. A. Simpson Stark Dickinson 

r, republican; f, fusion; rh, republican holdover; fh, fusioti holdover. 

House. 

R. M. Pollock, Speaker. 

Chief Clerk— Joseph Scanlan. 

Assistant Chief Clerk — W. D. Austin. 

Assistant to Assistant Chief Clerk — B. W. Shaw. 

Sergeant-at-Arms — ^Thomas Harrison. 

Journal Clerk — Wm. Surerus. 

Chief Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk — W. E. Clark. 

Bill Qerk— E. E. Ellis. 

Stenographer — Miss Bessie Waggoner. 

Messenger — Burton L. Weld. 

Postmaster — C. Lisk. 

Doorkeeper — James Flannagan. 

Watchman — A. B. Stedman. 

Clerk of Judiciary Committee — A. M. Baldwin. 

Chaplain — Rev. R. T. Guernsey. 

Pages — ^Arthur Mason, Chester Erstrom, Leo Horner, Kirk Noyes. 

MEMBERS. 

Dist. Name County Post Office 

1 W. J. Watts Pembina Hyde Park 

1 L J. Chevalier Pembina Bathgate 

2 E. H. Restemayer Pembina Cavalier 

2 T. Thordarson Pembina Hensel 

3 E. R. Swarthout Walsh Park River 

3 "A. Dickson Walsh Conway 

4 "G. R. Gullikson Walsh Grafton 

4 Tohn Miller Walsh Minto 

4 'T. H. Parr Walsh Grafton 

5 R. L. Bennett Grank Forks Inkster 

6 T. E. Tufte Grand Forks Northwood 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



y<tt. Name 


MEMBERS— Continued. 


Post Office 


e *}. P. Galbraith 




'::.:::..''''mc^ 










































































RkhUnd 


Galchott 
























Englevale 


4 on 


i^-^ 












Steele 

Nelwn ... 


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a .Id" 


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1 H. J: NkhXn 




■,:;:-.:-.:..'"c;i'S 


a n. NivM 

1 F. rhaff« 


:'-':::-':::::g;X«;'' 


Carringlon 


t I M: Wa'twn': 
4 y. AT, Bjornio 

« T; wr"Allshoiiie 
6 C. 0. Gulack .. 


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:;•::■::::. ^SS 


Dickey ... 

Dickey ... 


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•Ind.-Dcm. All otheri 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 153 

Eighth Session — 1903. 

Convened January 6, 1903; adjourned March 6, 1903. 

Senate. 

Lieutenant Governor David Bartlett, President. 

President pro tern. — ^J. B. Sharpe. 
Secretary of the Senate — R. M. Tuttle. 
First Assistant Secretary of the Senate — Geo. L. Towns. 
Second Assistant Secretary of the Senate — James Twamley. 
Chief Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk — W. E. Clark. 
Bill Clerk— I. J. Moe. 
Stenographer — Ed. La Moure. 
Sergeant-at-Arms — W. H. Brown. 
Doorkeeper — D. B. Wellman. 
Messenger — Theodore Johnson. 
Postmaster — M. J. Freeman. 
Watchman — ^John Young. 
Journal Qerk — Miss Catherine Coleman. 
Assistant Journal Clerk — Mrs. J. M. Brown. 
Clerk of tne Judiciary Committee — Chas. Donnelly. 
Chaplain — Rev. A. W. Hayes. 
Proof reader — ^J. M. Stewart. 
Bill room clerk — L. Wells. 
Clerk Appropriation Committee — ^J. W. Foley. 

Pages — Shed Lambert, A. O'Connor, Walter McLean, Willie Pol- 
lock and Floyd Brown. 

MEMBERS. 

Dist. Name County Post Office 

1 *r J. LaMoure Pembina Pembina 

H A. Garnett Pembina St. Thomas 

3 *{ O. E. Lofthus Walsh Park River 

4 'J. L. Cashel Walsh Grafton 

5 "r H. E. Lavayea Grand Forks Larimore 

6 J. D. Bacon Grand Forks Grand Forks 

7 "r J. D. Taylor Grand Forks Grand Forks 

8 P. Herbrandson Traill Caledonia 

9 *r R. S. Lewis Cass Fargo 

10 Geo. D. Brown jCass Wild Rice 

11 "r F. S. Talcott Cass Buffalo 

12 *A. Benson Richland Sperry 

13 'r J. F. Devlin Sarp^ent Cayjuga 

14 Ed. Pierce Ransom Sheldon 

15 •r A. B. Cox Barnes Valley City 

16 Maynard Crane Griggs Coopcrstown 

17 *r Ivcr Swenson Nelson Aneta 

18 Henry McLean Cavalier . •. Hannah 

19 •r Wm. Clarke Rolette Rolla 

^0 A. J. Kirkeidc Benson Normania 

^1 "r Henry Hale Ramsey Devils Lake 

Hi R. W. Main Towner Cando 

53 'f M. D. Williams Stutsman Jamestown 

HA J. B. Sharpe LaMoure Kulm 

S5 'f D. E. Geer DicKey Ellcndale 

28 A. Macdonald ^.mmons Glencoe 

27 •r C. B. Little Burleigh Bismarck 

28 •D. H. McArthur Bottineau Bottineau 

29 "r M. Jacobson Ward Minot 

80 H. G. Voss Morton Mandan 

81 *r L. A. Simpson Stark Dickinson 

32 J. D. Carroll Eddy New Rockford 



154 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



MEMBERS— Continued. 

Dist. Name. County Post OflBce 

83 J. A. Regan Wells Fessenden 

84 R. A. Fox McHcnry Towner 

85 A. E. Johnson McLean Washburn 

86 G. O. Gulack Mcintosh Ashley 

37 *M. A. Wipperman Richland Hankinson- 

88 *H. O. Hagen Barnes Fingal 

39 W. H. Robinson Traill Mayvillc 

40 "C. W. Plain Cavalier Milton 



•Democrat; *r, republibcan holdover; *£, fusion holdover; all others- 
republicans. 

HOUSE. 

Thos. Baker, Jr., Speaker. 

Chief Clerk — A. O. Anderson. 
Assistant Chief Clerk — W. D. Austin. 
Second Assistant Clerk — G. M. Hogue. 
Chief Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk — W. A. Kelley. 
Bill Clerk— Wellington Irysh. 
Stengorpher — Miss Bessie Waggoner. 
Sergeant-at-Arms — ^Alex. McFadden. 
Doorkeeper — Harry Weiland. 
Messenger — R. M. Wigness. 
Postmaster — John W. Carroll. 
Chaplain — Rev. Gullstrom. 
M^atchman — Guy Reems. 
Journal Clerk — S. B. Donahue. 
Clerk Judiciary Committee — Alfred Zuger. 

Pages — ^Perry Embertson, Walter White, Oscar Sundquist, Neil Mc- 
Hugh, Ward Preston, Clarence Anderson. 

MEMBERS. 

Dist. Name. County Post Office 

1 Geo. A. McCrea Pembina Drayton* 

1 I. J. Chevalier Pembina Bathgate- 

1 W. J. Watts Pembina Hydepark. 

2 John Truemner Pembina Cavalier 

2 P. T. Skjold Pembina Hallson 

2 C. K. Wing Pembina Crystal 

8 G. N. Midgarden Walsh Grafton 

8 Thos. Johnson Walsh Park River 

3 J. J. Ferguson Walsh Park River 

4 John Miller Vvalsh Minto- 

4 *Nels O. Noben Walsh Grafton 

4 T. A. Gagnon Walsh Minto 

5 T. F. Mooney Grand Fo^ks Larimore 

5 J. H. McLain Grand Forks Inkster 

5 T. E. Tufte Grand Forks Northwood 

6 H. P. Ryan Grand Forks Grand Fork* 

6 E. O. Burtness Grand Forks Meckinoct 

7 James Elton Grand Forks Grand Forks- 

7 Henry Steinberg Grand Forks Reynolds 

7 A. E. Allen Grand Forks Thompson 

8 Alex. Smart Traill Hendrum. Minn. 

8 T.H. Thompson Traill Belmont 

9 Thos. Baker, Jr Cass Farga 

9 W. F. Leech Cass Fargo 

9 A. L. Wall Cass Fargo 

10 E. F. Gilbert Cass Casselton 



MEMBERS— Conlinued. 



isl. Name. C 

Thos. Heath Cas! 

E. Stver»oo Ciss 



F. H. Diclcinaon . 
*H. T. Connolly . 



18 G. B. Phifer .... 

13 John Flados 

14 C. W. Bulti 

14 Frtd Underwood . 



M. Maddoc 

G. W. H, Davis . 
C. H. Baker 



Hope 

McVifii 

Micbigan Cily 



B. McKenzie Stutsman Kensal 

I Seek Stutsman Jamestown 

ElHson LaMoure IjMoore 

Shells LaMoure Edgeler 



..Dickey . 



26 C. A. Patterson Emmons Linton 

SB P. J. Lyons Kidder Steele 

ST "L. D. McGahan Rurleigh Bismarck 

27 "John Bostrom Burleigh Bismarck 

18 G. A. Lillie Bottineau Willow City 

SB las. M. Watson Bottineau Willow City 

2» fircy U. Cole Ward Kenmare 

2» C. F. Lee Ward Minot 

SB E. C Palmer Williams Willislon 

SO W. M. Simpson Morton Mandao 

SO Philip Blank Morton New Salem 

ad Chas. Weigel Morton Hebron 

81 Geo. A. Senonr Stark Dickinson 

*" "■ ' . . . StarK _ Taylor 



: Liah . 



T.' weio ?° .!:::!:::::.'";::McHen 

Tbos. Oksendafai I^en 



156 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



MEMBERS— Continued. 

Dist. Name. County Post OflBce 

35 Wm. Dieball Mercer Hebron 

86 A. Meidinger Mcintosh Hellwig 

36 T. A. Weed Loean Napoleon 

37 Emil A. Movius Richland Lidgerwood 

37 *John I. Hanson Richland Wyndmerc 

37 *G. Van Arnam Richland Walcott 

38 S. J. Aandahl Barnes Svea 

38 *C. H. Noltimier Barnes Lanona 

39 A. T. Kraabel Traill Qiflford 

39 H. G. Braaten Traill Mayvillc 

40 N. Robillard Cavalier Olga 

40 Jas. McDowell Cavalier Langdon 

•Democrat; *r, republican holdover: 'f. fusion holdover; **, in- 
dependent-democrat; ••*, independent; all others republicans. 

Ninth Session — 1905. 

Convened January 3, 1905; adjourned March 3, 1905. 

SENATE. 

Lieutenant Governor David Bartlett, President. 

President pro tem. — 'F. S. Talcott. 

Secretary — L. M. McGlashan. 

Assistant Secretary — ^James Twamley. 

Assistant to Secretary — F. W. Kempf. 

Chief Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk — ^John Andrews. 

Bill Clerk— O. J. Olson. 

Ser§reant-at-Arms — D. B. Wellman. 

Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms — Ever Wagness. 

Doorkeeper — Amos LaFrance. 

Stenographer — Miss Katherine Coleman. 

Messenger — Ole Anderson. 

Postmaster — M. J. Freeman. 

Assistant Postmaster — E. R. Steinbrueck. 

Watchman — Frank Bohn. 

Journal Clerk — B. E. 1-ee. 

Assistant Journal Clerk — T. F. Norgaard. 

Clerk of the Judiciary Committee — John F. Selby. 

Chaplain — O. F. Tones. 

Proof Reader— W. H. Pray. 

Bill Room Clerk— Geo. Game. 

Clerk of Appropriation Committee — Mrs. C. S. Budlong. 

Doorkeeper in Gallery — E. R. Kennedy. 

Janitor — Arndt Mamel. 

Cloak Room Atttendant — Harry Weiland. 

Assistant Engrossing and Enrolling Clerks-r-M. A. Shirley, K. 
Magnuson, Earl Gillmour, S. H. Carothers. 

Senate Stenographers — Miss Cora Simpson, Mrs. Karrie King May- 
field, S. G. Skulason. 

Pages — W. S. McLean, H. Hogue, W. E. Savage and Shed Lam- 
bert. 

MEMBERS. 

Dist. Name. Countv Post Office 

1 Judson LaMoure ^ embina Pembina 

2 *r A. Garnett Pembina Pembina 

3 Thomas Johnson Walsh Park RiTer 

4 M J. L. Cashel Walsh Grafton 



STATE O? NORTH DAKOTA 



1,. 


Naml. CounlT 


"is.sSod 


























■r Gm. D. Brown 


















'- 
















Coopernown 




.::::::::::g;S5n .■.■;.■.■.■.■; 
















































\.:::::::--^^X 






































































-;--ci;K 























Bill Clerk— J. F. Marsb. 
Stenographer— Mis5 Jeanette P. James. 
Sfrgeant-M-Arms-OIe T. Grant. 
Doorkscpcr— T. A. Weaterdah). 
Messenger— t. I. Hamplon. 
Postmaster— James Flanagan. 
Chaplain— Rev. A. W. Tlayes. 
Watchman— Chas. Hubbard. 
Journal Qerk- T. G. Anderson. 
Clerk Judiciary Committee— Ch as. Heckel. 
Janitors— M. A. Skarison, James McDougal. 
Bill Room Clerk— W. E. Truemner. 
Gallery Doorkeeper— John 5 loose. 

Cloak Room Attendants- Herman Melby, Tborwald Torgerso 
Page?— Ira Herbert. Walter White, Ralph Fisher, Hugh I 
Fjrle Hagy. James Brown. 



158 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



MEMBERS. 

Dist. Name. County Post Office 

1 Geo. A. McCrea Pembina Drajrton 

I. T. Chevalier Pembina Bathgate 

J. T. Briden Pembina Walhalla 

Christian Ganssle Pembina St. Thomas 

J. E. Truemner Pembina Cavalier 
oseph Walter Pembina Gardar 

G. Midgarden Walsh Grafton 

H. O. Sunderland Walsh Edinburg 

3 John A. Vernon Walsh Conway 

4 Tallack Tallackson Walsh Grafton 

W. S. Mitchell Walsh Minto 

•Tobias D. Casey Walsh Grafton 

Thos. F. Mooney Grand Forks Fergus 

W. W. Glasgow . . . •. Grand Forks Niagara 

Inkster 



1 
1 
2 
2 
2 
3 
3 



6 

7 
7 
7 



4 
4 
5 

6 John H. MoLean Grand Forks 

6 H. P. Ryan Grand Forks 

E. O. Burtness Grand Forks 

A. E. Allen Grand Forks 

Frank H. Sowle Grand Forks 

C. F. Ovind Grand Forks 

8 John Oveson Traill 

« T. H. Thompson Traill 

9 N. G. Eggen Cass 

9 W. D. Sweet Cass 

J. F. Treat Cass 

E. F. Gilbert Cass 

Clark Moore Cass 

10 O. P. Dahlen Cass Kindred 

11 F. H. Dickinson d Cass Ayr 

11 T. O. Burgum Cass Arthur 

11 R. G. Piper Cass Leonard 



9 
10 
10 



Grand Forks 
. . Meckinock 
. . Thompson 
. . . Reynolds 

McRae 

Buxton 

. . . Hillsboro 

Fargo 

Fargo 

Fargo 

. . . Casselton 
Gardner 



12 H. J. Arnold Richland 

12 W. R. Purdon Richland 

12 C. M. Johnson Richland 

13 John Flados Sargent 

13 Chas. H. Cooper Sargent 

14 C. W. Buttz Ransom Buttzville 



Fairmount 

Wahpeton 

. . Dwight 

. Rutland 

Cogswell 



14 Fred Underwood Ransom 

15 J. H. Rogers Barnes , 

15 Kobert Clendening Barnes 

16 Nils Hemmingsen Steele . 

16 John S. Palfrey Steele . 

16 G. H. Stavens Steele . 

17 Samuel L. Dahl Nelson 

17 A. R. Swendseid Nelson 

18 Robert, Meiklejohn Cavalier 

18 Dan McKechnie Cavalier 

19 D. Lemieux Rolette 

19 HiUis Kyle Rolette 

20 E. L. Richmond Benson 

20 E. L. Baeverstad Benson 

20 James Duncan Benson 

G. W. H. Davis Ramsey 



Enderlin 

.. Valley City 

. . Wimbledon 

. . . Hanna^ord 

Hope 

Hatton 

McVille 

. . . Petersburg 

Langdon 

Calvin 

Dunseith 

Rolla 

Minnewaukan 

Minnewaukan 

. . . . Josephine 

.... Evanston 

Crary 

Churchs Ferry 



21 

21 H. A. Nicholson Ramsey 

21 Norman Nelson Ramsey 

22 Albert S. Gibbens Towner C^ndb 

22 Samuel Adams Towner Perth 

23 Anton Fried Stutsman Fancher 

28 James H. Cooper Stutsman Courtenay 

23 Geo. Piercy Stutsman Pingree 

24 Ole E. Ellison LaMoure LaMoure 

Hi C. H. Sheils LaMoure Edgeley 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 159 



MEMBERS— Continued. 

Dist. Name. County Post OflBcc 
.25 Geo. Rose Dickey Monango 

25 E. F. Stevens Dickey Glover 

26 D. R. Streeter Emmons Linton 

26 Wm. L. Belden Kidder Steele 

27 R. N. Stevens Burleigh Slaughter 

27 M. Spangberg Burleigh Slaughter 

28 Geo. L. Lillie Bottineau Sergius 

28 Jas. M. Watson Bottineau Willow City 

29 C. A. Johnson Ward Minot 

29 F. I. Lyons Ward : Bowbe'.ls 

29 F. B. Chapman Williams Buford 

50 William Simpson Morton Mandan 

30 Philip Blank Morton New Salem 

30 Chas. Weigel Morton Hebron 

31 W. A. McClure Starlc Taylor 

31 J. E. Phelan Stark Dickinson 

31 A. L. Martin Billings Sentinel Butte 

32 Geo. D. Palmer Foster Melville 

32 Ole Rue Eddy Sheyenne 

33 Chas. V. Brown Wells Cathay 

33 Herman C. Scheer Wells Fessenden 

33 August Peterson Wells Harvey 

34 T. Welo McHenry Velva 

34 C. D. Rice McHenry Towner 

34 O. T. Tofsrud Pierce Rugby 

35 David Juzeler Mercer Broncho 

36 John Schlenker McLean Goodrich 

36 A. Meidinger Mcintosh Helwig 

36 Herman Hardt Logan Napoleon 

37 Vivian Morgan Richland Barrie 

37 George Blake Richland Wyndmere 

37 A. O. Heglie Richland Walcott 

38 Martin Tnoreson Barnes Dazey 

38 Geo. O. Goulet Barnes Oriska 

39 H. G. Braaten Traill Mayville 

39 Geo. A. White Traill Portland 

40 W. E. Jennings Cavalier Milton 

40 N. Robillard Cavalier Olga 

•Democrat; all others republicans. 

Tenth Session. — 1907. 

Convened January 8, 1907; adjourned March 8, 1907. 

SENATE. 

Lieutenant Governor R. S. Lewis, President. 

President pro tem — ^J. Austin Regan. 

Secretary — J. W. Foley. 

First Assistant Secretary — F. W. Kempf. 

Second Assistant Secretary — George Weatherhead. 

Stenographer — ^Ara E. Waggoner. 

Chief Engrossing and Enrolling Qerk — ^W. P. Thurston. 

Bill Qerk— L. JL Estabrook. 

Serjeant at Arms — W. H. Brown. 

Assistant — Ever Wagness. 

Doorkeeper— J. O. Rindahl. 

Messenger — ^A. Glorvick. 

Postmaster — ^John McKechnie. 



160 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



SENATE— Continued. 

• 

Assistant — E. R. Steinbrueck. 

Watchman — M. Skarison. 

Journal Clerk — Katherine Coleman. 

Assistant — John Swenson. 

Chaplain — Kev. O. F. Jones, D. D. 

Clerk Judiciary Committee — Herbert Hallenberg. 

Clerk Appropriation Committee — N. R. Burley. 

Bill Room Clerk — E. Chaimian. 

Assistant — S. Peterson. 

Doorkeeper of Gallery — John Young. 

Janitor — P. O. l-ossum. 

Cloak Room Attendant — Chas. Palmer. 

Stenographers to Senators — Esther Newbury, Cora Simpson, Geneve 
Warner, Karrie King Mayfield, Norman Hall, Anna O. Fang, 
Carrie Morrish. 

Pages — Howard Hogue, Roy Durham, Stanley Johnson. Wells 
Hutchinson, Floyd Hastings, Richard Rial, Earl HagK Eugene Mor- 
ris, George Movius, Porter Talcott. 

MEMBERS. 

Dist. Name County P. O. 

1 tJudson LaMoure Pembina Pembina 

2 *E. A. Holliday Pembina Hensel 

8 tThos. Johnson Walsh Park River 

i 'John L. Cashel Walsh Grafton 

6 **E. K. Spoonheim Grand Forks Larimore 

6 *James Turner Grand Forks Grand Forks 

7 tjohn D. Taylor Grand Forks Grand Forks 

8 H. H. Strom Traill Hillsboro 

tL. B. Hanna Cass Fargo 

10 E. F. Gilbert Cass BuflEalo 

11 tF. S. Talcott Richland Wahpetoa 

12 'W. E. Purcell Sargent Forman 

13 tJohn S. Dyste Cass Casselton 

14 Ed. Pierce Ransom Sheldon 

16 tGeo. M. Young Barnes Valley City 

16 Maynard Crane Griggs Cooperstown 

17. tlver Swenson Nelson Aneta 

18 Henry McLean Cavalier Hannah 

19 tC. 1. F. Wagner Rolette Rolla 

20 Theo. Koffel Benson Esmond 

21 tA. J. Stade Ramsey Devils Lake 

22 •John Kelly Towner Bisbee 

23 tj. W. Sifton Stutsman Jamestown 

24 J. B. Sharpe LaMoure Kulm 

26 tT. H. Thatcher Dickey Guelpb 

26 Alex. McDonald Emmons Glencoe 

27 tC. B. Little Burleigh Bismarck 

28 *D. H. McArthur Bottineau Bottineau 

29 tH. H. Steele Ward Mohall 

30 Ferd Leutz Morton Hebron 

81 tL. A. Simpson Stark Dickinson 

82 Geo. D. Palmer Foster Bordulac 

83 tJ. Austin Regan Wells Fessenden 

34 C. D. Rice McHenry Towner 

85 tA. E. Johnson McLean Washburn 

86 Chris. Albright Mcintosh Ashley 

87 tE. A. Movius Richland Lidgerwood 

88 K. S. Ramsett Barnes Fingal 

89 tA. T. Kraabel Traill Clifford 

40 C. W. Plain Cavalier Milton 



tHoldover republicans; *democr::ts; **holdover democrats; all 
others republicans. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 161 



HOUSE. "^ 

Treadwell Twichell, Speaker. 
Chief Clerk— P. D. l^orton. 

Assistant Chief Clerks — W. D. Austin, Otto SougiUd. 
Chief Engrossing and Enrolling Qerk — ^M. O. Gullidcson. 
Bill Clerk — O. J. Qiiamme. 
Sergeant at Arms — O. K. Hovet. 
Doorkeepers — F. A. McDonald, David Maddock. 
Messenger — R. J. Percy. 
Postmaster — Hans Fosser. 
Chaplain— Rev. F. W. Stanton. 
House Stenographer — Mabel Thorbum. 
Members' Stenographer — Laura Connor. 
Bill Room Clerks— C L. Jones, Thomas RadcUffe. 
Clerk Judiciary Committee — Ed. K. Mason. 
Journal Clerk — ^T. G. Anderson. 
Assistant Journal Clerk — ^Wm. Hennessy. 
Janitors — ^J. L. Smith, Geo. Fisher. 

Pages — Harold Semling, Harry Beardsley, Joel Stebbins, Arnold 
Michelson, Fred James, Lester Budlong. 

MEMBERS. 

1 Wm. J. Watts Pembina Neche 

1 * Joseph Morin Pembina Neche 

1 "W. Welford Pembina Neche 

5 C. Ganssle Pembina St. Thomas 

8 E. H. Restemayer Pembina Cavalier 

8 *Tohn Johnson Pembina Gardar 

8 G. N. Midgarden Walsh Graftoo 

8 H. G. Hosford Walsh Park River 

8 'A. H. Walker Walsh Dundee 

i John E. Hanawalt , Walsh Grafton 

4 •K. O. Brotnov Walsh Grafton 

4 'Tobias D. Casey Walsh Grafton 

6 Edward Church Grand Forks Inkster 

5 T. H. Pugh Grand Forks Larimore 

6 T. E. Tufte Grand Forks Northwood 

6 'Geo. Hallick Grand Forks Manvel 

6 *J. M. Anderson Grand Forks Grand Forks 

7 Wm. S. Deane Grand Forks Holmea 

7 Ame P. Haugen Grand Forks Reynolds 

7 John A. Sorley Grand Forks Grand Forks 

8 O. J. Sorlie Traill Buxton 

8 John Oveson Traill Buxton 

9 J. F. Treat Cass Fargo 

9 F. E. Dibley Cass Fargo 

9 T. J. Flamer Cass Fargo 

10 T. Twichell Cass Mapleton 

10 A. A. Plath Cass Davenport 

10 Clark Moore Cass Gardner 

11 T. O. Burgum Cass Page 

11 R. G. Piper Cass Leonard 

11 J. R. Collins Cass Arthur 

12 W. R. Purdon Richland Wahpeton 

12 'L. Parkhill Richland Fairmount 

12 'Henry Connolly Richland Wahpeton 

13 Livy Johnson Sargent Cogswell 

13 D. £. Blake Sargent Delamere 

14 C. W. Buttz Ransom Buttzville 

14 A. E. Jones Ransom Lisbon 

15 Amasa P. Peake Barnes Valley City 



-11- 



162 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



MEMBE RSHIP-Continucd. 

Dist. Name County P. O. 

16 Geo. H. Law Barnes Leal 

16 G. H. Stavens Steele Hatton 

16 S. H. Nelson Steele Finlcy 

16 Nils Hemmingsen Steele Uannaford 

17 M. A. Shirley Nelson Aneta 

17 A. R. Swendseia Nelson Petersburg 

18 U. L. Burdick Cavalier Munich 

18 Joseph Crawford Cavalier Langdon 

19 A. O. Graham Rolette Kolla 

19 Ole Syvertson Rolette Overly 

20 O. S. Aaker Benson Minnewaukan 

20 H. O. Blegen Benson Church's Ferry 

20 James Duncan Benson Josephine 

21 O. P. N. Anderson Ramsey Starkweather 

21 Bemt Anderson Ramsey Churchs Ferry 

21 Miles A. Miller Ramsey Crarv 

22 Samuel Adams Towner Perth 

22 A. S. Gibbens Towner Cando 

28 A. A. Monek Stutsman Jamestown 

23 Will Sinclair Stutsman Windsor 

28 H. J. Murphy Stutsman Courtcnay 

24 A. W. Cunninebam E^Moure Grand Rapids 

24 •!-. A. Ueland LaMoure Edgeley 

25 Geo. Rose Dickey Ellendale 

25 C. B. Andrus Dickey Oakes 

26 D. R. Streeter Emmons Linton 

26 John Storey Kidder Steele 

27 R. N. Stevens Burleigh Bismarck 

27 T. R. Mockler Burleigh Bismarck 

28 E. L. Garden Bottineau Souris 

28 Will Freeman Bottineau Maxbass 

29 C. A. Johnson Ward Minot 

29 F. B. Chapman Williams Buford 

29 Fred F. Carter Ward Flaxton 

80 W. E. Martin Morton Mandan 

80 Jacob Robs Morton New Salem 

30 \Vm. Simpson Morton Mandan 

31 SThos. Evans Stark Dickmson 

31 A, L. Martin Billings Sentinel Butte 

81 J. F. Brodie Stark Dickinson 

82 S. N. Putnam Eddy New Rockford 

82 E. T. Halaas Foster Carrington 

83 O. L. Jensen Wells Harvey 

88 W. F. Shannafelt Wells Fessenden 

88 J. F. Wake Wells Bowden 

84 R. C. Wedge McHenry Granville 

84 John Steen McHenry Knox 

34 O. T. Tofsrud Pierce Rugby 

85 Johann Schlenker McLean Goodrich 

85 H. E. Mathews McLean Wiprud 

86 Geo. Elhard Logan Gackle 

86 John Giedt Mcintosh Lehr 

87 R. H. Hankinson Richland Wyndmere 

87 *A. D. Hanson Richland Hankinson 

87 O. T. Grant Richland Kindred 

88 D. R. Jones Barnes Sanborn 

38 Martin Thoreson Barnes Fingal 

89 G. A. White Traill Portland 

89 O. G. Nelson Traill Hatton 

40 Tames McDowall Cavalier Langdon 

40 Robert GriflBth Cavalier Osnabrock 



t Holdover republicans; * democrats; •• holdover democrats; 8 inde- 
pendent; all others republicans. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 163 



Ekventh Session. — 1909. 

Convened January 5; adjourned March 5, 1909. 

SENATE 

Lieutenant Governor R. S. Lewis, President. 

President pro tem — L. A. Simpson. 

Secretary — J. W. Foley. 

First Assistant Secretary — F. W. Kempf. 

Second Assistant Secretary — S. J. A. Boyd. 

Stenogfrapher — Hawley Russell. 

Stenographer to the Lieutenant Governor — Carrie Morrish. 

Chief Engrossing and Enrolling Clerk — W. P. Thurston. 

Assistants — M. W. House, L. W. Pierson, J. E. Smith, M. M. 
Samuelson, Lawrence Casey, J. D. Gray. 

Bill Clerk— G. M. Wilcox. 

Assistant Bill Clerk — Leon Deroucher. 

Sergeant-at-Arms — ^Tames Walsh. 

Watchman — W. J. Lowe. 

Assistant — Alex. Miller. 

Messenger — r. A. McDonald. 

Doorkeeper — E. Dutton. 

Postmaster — George Platzer. 

Assistant — John 0. Quamme. 

Journal Qerk — A. S. Reitan. 

Assistant — Gilbert Tien. 

Chaplain — Rev. C. W. Harris. 

Voucher Qerk and Bookkeeper — C. Parsons. 

Proof Reader — Ray Moe. 

Clerk Judiciary Committee — A. Leslie. 

Clerk Appropriation Committee — ^J. M. Wylie. 

Clerk Committee on State Affairs — A. Steenson. 

Bill Room Clerks — M. Skarison, John Wigby. 

Doorkeeper of Gallery — Arthur Bartlett. 

Janitors — E. A. Bryn, E. M. Michelssohn. 

Qoak Room Attendant — C. M. Iron. 

Stenographers for the Senators — Mabel Peterson, Randine Gulseth, 
Ethel M. Newberry, Lulla Pennebaker, Cora Simpson, Katharine Cole- 
man, Marion McKenzie, Karrie King Mayfield. 

Pages-^-Clarence Powers, Hubert Holmes, Arthur Patzman, John 
Ehli, Charles Gushing, James Blunt, John Cox, Ray Durham. 

MEMBERS. 

Dist. Name County Postoffice 

1 Tudson LaMoure Pembina Pembina 

2 *tF. A. Holliday Pembina Hensal 

3 * J. J. Irwin Walsh Park River 

4 *tJohn L. Cashel Walsh Grafton 

5 J. E. Stevens Grand Forks Northwood 

6 *tjames Turner Grand Forks Grand Forks 

7 *Geo. Duis Grand Forks Grand Forks 

8 xH. H. Strom Traill Hillsboro 

9 James Kennedy Cass Fargo 

10 xE. F. Gilbert Cass / Casselton 

11 Frank S. Talcott Cass Buffalo 

12 *tW. E. Purcell Richland Wahpeton 

1 3 Livy Johnson . . ; Sargent Cogswell 

1 4 xEd. Pierce ^ansom Sheldon 

1 5 tj. H. Whitcher Harnes Valley City 

1 6 xMaynard Crane ^'riggs Cooperstown 

1 7 John G. Gunderson Nelson Aneta 

18 xHenry McLean 'I'avalier Hannah 



LEGISLATIVK MANUAL 



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Chief Clerk— W, D. Ausi 



HOUSE 
Burdick. Speaker. 
'Erlandson, E. H. C 

'and EnKroBinu Clerk— T. G. / 
ine and Engrossing Clerks— Han 



Voucher Oerlt— J. J. Clary. 

nnorkeeners— Jamrs Lynch, Henry Holter. 

Doorkeeper to the Gallery— Malt Gulliekson. 

Mesiengers- Theo. Helberg, C. N. Olson. 

rostmaster- lohn Brashard, 

Chaplain— Rev. Louis Ma gin. 

Proof Reader— Walter F, Cushine, 

Journal Clerk— Chas. Greenwood. 

A^■Hislnnt Tournal Clerks— Roy H. Bryant and J. E. But 

Mailing Clerk— Joe Radford. 

Watchman-Ben Wagness. 

Clerk of Judiciary Co mmiltee— Frank Gladstone. 

Clerk of Approorialioo Committee— Alex Wright. 

Clerk of Commitlee on State Alfairi— L. H. PaCton. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 165 



Stenographers and Typewriters for the Members — Bertha Anderson, 
Florence Connolly, Oscar Bredston, Tess Henry, Lorraine Mallough, 
F. £. Packard, George Schnepper. £. R. Coleman, Gertrude Leonard. 

Pages — Qarence Pierson, Floyd Paris, Willie Laist, Wesley R. 
Cochrane, Curtis Dirlam, Julius Amberson, Charles Couch. 

Janitors — Hans Thompson, T. S. Nygard, Geo. Fisher, Jamet Flan- 
nigan. 

MEMBERS 

Dist. Name County Postoffice 

1 Geo. A. McCrea Pembina Drayton 

•Walter Welford Pembina Welford 

2 Christian Ganssle Pembina St. Thomas 

8 G. C. Laithwaite Walsh Edinburg 

C. L Christenson Walsh Park River 

*Knute Bjomdahl Walsh Edinburg 

4 J. H. Frame Walsh Grafton 

Jacob Nelson Walsh Voss 

6 Ferdinand Lucke Grand Forks McCanna 

Victor S. Wisner Grand Forks Larimroe 

6 Tames Collins Grand Forks Grand Forks 

B. G. Skulason Grand Forks Grand Forks 

7 C. A. Hale Grand Forks Grand Forks 

•Gullick Thompson Grand Forks Thompson 

8 W. J. Burnett Traill Cummings 

O. J. Sorlie Traill Buxton 

G. A. White Traill Portland 

9 F. E. Dibley Cass Fargo 

Thos. Baker, Jr Cass Fargo 

W. J. Price Cass Fargo 

10 August A. Plath Cass Davenport 

J. B. Akesson Cass Grandin 

11 A. L. Peart Cass Chaffee 

T. F. Collins Cass Page 

12 L. L. Brusletten ....'. Richland Wahpeton 

W. T. Ward Richland Moorcton 

18 P. J. Narum Sargent Forman 

14 John A. Aasheini Ransom Enderlin 

A. J. Olson Ransom Fort Ransom 

15 Geo. H. Law T]arnes Leal 

Frank E. Ployhar Barnes Valley City 

16 Niels Hemmingson Grir*^ Hannaford 

S. H. Nelson Steele Finley 

Ole Paulson Steele Portland 

17 Fred Lindvig Nelson Aneta 

Frank Goldammer Nelson Lakota 

18 U. L. Burdick Cavalier Mrmich 

•C. C. Crawford Cavalier Calvin 

19 J. M. Johnson Rolette Mylo 

20 Tames Duncan Benson Oberon 

Paul Moen Benson Maddock 

21 T. A. Honey Ramsey Devils Lake 

Bernt Anderson Ramsey Churchs Ferry 

• Fred J. Traynor Ramsey Devils Lake 

22 A. S. Gibbens Towner Cando 

T. W. Pound Towner Hansboro 

28 F. G. Kn€eland Stutsman Jamestown 

Wm. Sinclair Stutsman Cleveland 

Richard Pendray Stutsman Jamestown 

T. J. Atwood Stutsman Courtenay 

24» A. "W. Cunningham T^Moure Grand Rapids 

C. H. Shells LaMoure Edgeley 

25 C. E. Knox nirkey Oakes 

26 •♦Tohn Storey Kidder Steele 

ttD. R. Streeter Emmons Linton 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



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RULES AND STANDING COMMITTEES 

OF THE 

ELEVENTH LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY 



ORDER OF DAILY BUSINESS. 

After calling the Senate to order the following order shall 
govern : 

1. Prayer by the chaplain. 

2. Calling the roll. 

3. Reading and approval of the Journal. 

4. Unfinished business. 

5. Presentation of petitions and communications. 

6. Reports of standing committees. 

7. Reports of select committees. 

8. Motions and resolutions. 

9. Introduction of bills, joint resolutions and memorials. 
30. Consideration of messages from the House. 

11. First reading of Senate bills, joint resolutions and me- 

morials. 

12. Second reading of the same. 

13. Third reading of the same. 

14. First reading of House bills, joint resolutions and 

memorials. 

15. Second reading of the same. 

16. Third reading of the same. 

17. Consideration of general orders. 

RULES. 

1. The President shall take the chair at 2 o'clock p. m., or 
the hour to which the Senate was adjourned, and call the 
Senate to order, and if a quorum be present he shall direct 
the Journal of the preceding day to be read and mistakes or 
omissions, if any, corrected. He shall preserve order and 
decorum, and decide all questions of order, subject to an ap- 
peal to the Senate. 



168 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

2. Eight members may have a call of the Senate, and com- 
pel the attendance of absent members, until the call be dis- 
pensed with by a constitutional majority. 

3. Questions shall be put in this form: "As many as 
are of the opinion that (as the case may be) say aye," and 
after the affirmative voice is expressed, "As many as are of 
the contrary opinion say no." If the President doubt, or a 
division be called for, the Senate shall divide; those in the 
affirmative of the question shall arise from their seats, and 
afterwards those in the negative. 

4. All motions, except to adjourn, postpone or commit shall 
be reduced to writing if required by any member of the 
Senate. Any motion may be withdrawn by consent of the 
Senate. 

5. No member shall interrupt the business of the Senate 
while the Journal is being read, or when any member is 
speaking in debate, except on questions of privilege. 

6. Every member present, when the question is put, shall 
vote, unless he shall, for a special cause, be excused by a 
two-thirds vote of the Senate present; but no member shall 
vote on any question in which he is directly or personally 
interested, or any case where he was not present when the 
question was put. 

7. When any member is about to speak in debate, or debate 
on any matter in the Senate, he shall rise from his seat and 
respectfully address himself to "Mr. President" and shall 
stand in his place until recognized by the chair, and shall 
confine himself to the question under debate, and avoid per- 
sonalities and the implication of improper motives. 

8. When a question is under debate no motion shall be 
received except to adjourn, to lay on the table, to move for 
the previous question, to move to postpone to a day certain, 
to commit or amend, to postpone indefinitely — which several 
motions shall have precedence in the order in which they are 
named and no motion to postpone to a day certain, to com- 
mit, to postpone indefinitely, having been decided, shall be 
entertained on the same day and at the same stage of the bill 
or proposition. 

9. When two members rise the President shall name the 
member to speak. No member shall speak more than twice 
on the same subject, without leave of the Senate, nor more 
than once until every member choosing to speak on the subject 
pending shall have spoken, nor shall any member occupy 
more than ten minutes at the first time, nor more than five 
minutes at the second time, without unanimous consent of the 
Senate; but in all cases the member who shall first address 
the chair shall speak first. 

10. If any member, in speaking or otherwise, transgress 
the rules of the Senate, the presiding officer shall, or any 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 169 



member may, call him to order, and when a member shall be 
called to order by the President or a member of the Senate 
he shall sit down, and shall not proceed without the leave of 
the Senate. 

11. Every question of order shall be decided by the Presi- 
dent, subject to an appeal to the Senate, and the President 
may call for a sense of the Senate on any question of order. 

12. If any member be called to order by another member 
for words spoken the words excepted to shall immediately 
be taken down in writing, that the Senate may be better able 
to judge of the matter. 

13. A motion to adjourn and to lay on the table shall be 
decided without debate. 

14. Any member may call for a division of the question, 
which shall be divided if it comprehends propositions in sub- 
stance so distinct, that on being taken away a substantive 
proposition shall remain for the decision of the Senate. A 
motion to strike out and insert shall be deemed divisible; but 
a motion to strike out being lost, shall preclude neither amend- 
ments nor motions to strike out and insert. 

16. No motion shall be debated until the same shall be 
seconded and stated by the President. 

16. When the reading of a paper is called for and the same 
is objected to by any member, it shall be determined by the 
Senate. 

17. The unfinished business in which the Senate was en- 
gaged at the last preceding adjournment, shall have the prefer- 
ence in the special order of the day. 

18. Every bill and joint resolution shall be introduced on 
the report of a committee, or on a call for bills and joint 
resolutions, or by a motion for leave, unless objected to by 
one member of the Senate, which shall carry it over for one 
day; and such objection may be made at any time on or before 
the first reading is completed. 

19. Every bill shall be read three several times, but the 
first and second readings, and those only, may be upon the 
same day; and a second reading may be by title of a bill, 
unless a reading at length be demanded. The first and third 
readings shall be at length. 

20. The first reading of a bill shall be for information, and 
the bill shall be presented and go to its second reading with- 
out further question. 

21. Upon the second reading of a bill or joint resolution, 
the President shall refer it to its appropriate committee, unless 
the Senate, upon motion, decide to refer the same to a select 
or other standing committee, or to committee of the whole 
Senate ; if to committee of the whole Senate, then it shall come 
tip for consideration under the general order of the next day, 
tinless otherwise ordered by the Senate. 



170 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



22. No bill or joint resolution shall be committed or 
amended until it shall have been twice read; nor shall any 
such bill or joint resolution have its third reading and be 
put upon its final passage until at least one day after the 
same has been reported to the Senate by the committee to- 
which the same has been referred ; provided, that any bill 
or joint resolution may have its third reading and be put upon 
its final passage on the day the same is reported back, whei> 
so ordered by two-thirds of the members of the Senate 
present. 

23. On the third reading of every bill or resolution, any 
amendment may be received and it may be recommitted at 
any time previous to its final passage. 

24. No bill shall be revised or amended, nor the provisions^ 
thereof extended or incorporated in any other bill by reference 
to its title only, but so much thereof as is revised, amended 
or extended or so incorporated, shall be re-enacted and pub- 
lished at length. 

25. No bill shall become a law except by a vote of the 
majority of the members-elect in each house, nor unless on 
its final passage, the vote be taken by yeas and nays, and 
the names of those voting be entered on the Journal. 

26. The presiding officer shall, in the presence of the 
Senate, sign all bills and joint resolutions passed by the Senate. 
Immediately before such signing their title shall be publicly 
read, and the fact of signing shall be at once entered on the 
Journal. 

27. >fo bills for the appropriation of money, except for 
the expenses of the government, shall be introduced after the 
fortieth day of the session, except by unanimous consent of 
the Senate. No bill shall be introduced in the Senate after 
the fifty-second day, except by unanimous consent. 

28. In filling blanks the largest sum and longest time shall 
be first put. When a motion or question has been decided* 
in the negative or affirmative, any member having voted with- 
the prevailing side may move a reconsideration on the same 
or following day, but when a motion to reconsider is laid on- 
the table, a motion to reconsider cannot again be made. 

2P. Before acting on executive business the Senate chamber 
shall be cleared, by the direction of the President, of alP 
persons except members, the chief clerk and sergeant-at-arms 
to be sworn. , 

30. No standing rule or order of the Senate shall be 
reconsidered or suspended, except by a vote of two-thirds of 
the members-elect, and no motion to suspend the rules and 
pass a bill shall be entertained except by unanimous consent, 
unless the bill has first been printed and considered by cb 
committee. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 171 



31. The rules of parliamentary practice comprised in 
"Reed's Parliamentary Rules" shall govern the Senate in all 
cases to which they are applicable, and in which they are 
not inconsistent with the standing rules and order of the 
Senate, and the joint rules of the Senate and House of 
Representatives. 

32. When the ayes and nays shall be called for by one-sixth 
of the members present each member called upon shall, 
unless for special reasons he be excused by the Senate, 
declare openly and without debate, his assent or dissent to 
the question. In taking the ayes and nays upon the call of 
the house, the names of the members shall be taken alpha- 
betically. 

33. In the absence of the President of the Senate, or his 
refusal to act, the President pro tempore shall exercise all 
rights and prerogatives of the President for the time being. 

34. All bills and joint resolutions, after the first and 
before the second reading, shall be printed, unless otherwise 
ordered by the Senate. 

35. There shall be appointed by the president of the Senate 
the following standing committees : 

On judiciary to consist of fifteen members. 

On education to consist of eleven members. 

On elections to consist of eleven members. 

On appropriations to consist of seventeen members. 

On railroads to consist of seventeen members. 

On state affairs to consist of seventeen members. 

On public lands to consist of eleven members. 

On ways and means to consist of eleven members. 

On agriculture to consist of eleven members. 

On warehousing, grain and grain grading to consist of 
fifteen members. 

On counties to consist of eleven members. 

On engrossed and enrolled bills to consist of five members. 

On banks and banking to consist of fifteen members. 

On cities and municipal corporations to consist of eleven 
members. 

On Indian affairs to consist of five members. 

On statistics to consist of seven members. 

On federal relations to consist of nine members. 

On insurance to consist of eleven members. 

On public printing consist of nine members. 

On public health to consist of nine members. 

On temperance to consist of eleven members. 

On mines and minerals to consist of nine members. 

On rules to consist of seven members. 

On immigration to consist of nine members. 

On highways, bridges and ferries to consist of eleven mem- 
bers. 



172 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



On irrigation and drainage to consist of nine members. 

On apportionment to consist of seventeen members. 

On corporations other than municipal to consist of nine 
members. 

On military affairs to consist of nine members. 

On woman suffrage to consist of seven members. 

On game and fish to consist of nine members. 

On live stock and animal husbandry to consist of fifteen 
members. 

Also joint committees on the following subjects: 

On public buildings to consist of five members. 
On charitable institutions to consist of five members. 
On penal institutions to consist of five members. 
On educational institutions to consist of seven members. 
On state library to consist of fiv€ members. 
On joint rules to consist of seven members. 

36. A quorum for the transaction of business shall con- 
sist of a majority of members elected to the senate. 

37. No person shall be admitted within the bar of the 
Senate except the executive, members and officers of the 
House, state officers, judges of the supreme court and dis- 
trict courts, members of congress, those who have been 
members of congress, and the legislative assembly, members 
of the constitutional convention, and all federal officials of 
the state, except by a vote of the Senate. 

38. Members of the Senate introducing bills in the nature 
of amendments to laws now existing shall designate in the 
title of such amendatory act the title of the act and shall 
have printed at length in the bill the section or sections to 
be amended. 

39. All nominations from the executive shall^ be opened 
and read immediately in executive session and then be re- 
ferred to their appropriate committees, unless otherwise 
ordered; and the final question on every nomination shall 
be: "Will the Senate advise and consent to the nomination?" 
which question shall not be put on the same day on which 
the nomination is received, nor on the day on which it may 
be reported by a committee, unless by unanimous consent 

40. All bills reported from committees with amendments 
shall be engrossed before being read the third time and placed 
upon final passage. 

41. All reports of committees and motions to discharge 
a committee from the consideration of a subject, and all 
subjects from which a committee shall be discharged, shall 
lie over one day for consideration unless, by unanimous 
consent the Senate shall otherwise direct. 

42. No member or officer of the Senate, unless he from 
illness or other cause, shall be unable to attend, shall absent 
himself from the session of the Senate during an entire day 
without first having obtained leave of absence, and no one 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 17a 



shall be entitled to draw pay while absent more than one 
day without leave. 

43. The sergeant-at-arms of the Senate, under the direction 
of the presiding officer, shall be the executive officer of the 
body for the enforcement of all rules made by the committee 
on rules, for the regulation of the Senate wing of the capitol. 
The Senate floor shall be at all times under his immediate 
supervision, and he shall see that the various subordinate 
officers perform the duties to which they are especially 
assigned. 

44. When a member rises to explain his vote upon any 
measure before the Senate, while the roll call is in progress, 
his words shall be taken down by the stenographer and 
printed in the journal; and upon request a member may 
have his remarks upon any question taken and extended on 
the record. 

45. Upon a majority vote of the senate the presiding offi- 
cer shall refuse to sign any bill which may have passed the 
senate, and which the house shall have refused to return for 
further consideration on being properly requested so to do. 

SENATE COMMITTEES. 

Judiciary — Sharpe, chairman; Pierce Simpson, Koffel, 
Crane, Talcott, Bessesen, Overson, Movius, Steele of Ward, 
Cashel, Duis, Purcell, Plain, Gunderson. 

Education — Talcott, chairman; MacDonald Rice, Gun- 
derson, Stevens, Walton, Davis, Wallin, Steele of Stuts- 
man, Bessesen, Cashel. 

Elections — Palmer, chairman; Crane, LaMoure, Steele of 
Ward, Stevens, Welch, Koffel, Turner, Strom, Overson, 
Neal. 

Appropriations — LaMoure, chairman; Sharpe, Simpson,. 
Movius, Gilbert, Leutz, Strom, Stevens, Kennedy, Welch, 
Pierce, Baker, Steel of Stutsman, Cashel,* Wallin, Ramsett, 
McLean. 

Railroads — Gilbert, chairman; Pierce, McLean, Plain, Pur- 
cell, Steele of Ward, Albright, Wallin, Kelly, Palmer, 
Whitcher, Duis, Welo, McArthur, Bessesen, Neal, Trimble. 

State Affairs — Crane, chairman; Talcott, Sharpe, La- 
Moure, Gilbert, Movius, Albright, Palmer, Kennedy, Rice, 
Macdonald, Sjrvertson, Steel of Stutsman, Purcell, Leutz. 

Public Lands — Martin, chairman; Movius, McArthur, Pur- 
cell, Turner, Koffel, Irwin, Stevens, Whitcher, Baker, Sy- 
vertson. 

Ways and Means — Movius, chairman; McArthur, Simpson, 
Strom, Overson, Martin, Davis, Duis, Bessesen, Walton,. 
Johnson. 



174 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Agriculture — Plain, chairman; Talcott, Palmer, Johnson, 
Syvertson, Albright, Kelly, Whilcher, Mc Arthur, Walton, 
Irwin, Halliday, Strom. 

Warehousing, Grain and Grain Grading — McLean, chair- 
man; Cashel, Ramsett, Albright, Strom, Johnson, Martin, 
Crane, Walton, Holliday, Irwin, Bessesen, Palmer, Leutz, An- 
derson. 

Counties — Rice, phairman; Gunderson, Movius, Crane, 
Baker, Wallin, Trimble, Welo, Anderson, Syvertson, Gron- 
vold. 

Engrossing and Enrolling Bills — Koffel, chairman; Steele 
of Ward, Crane, Davis, Gunderson. 

Banks and Banking — Pierce, chairman; Movius, Leutz, 
MacDonald, Kennedy, Gunderson, Davis, Martin, Cashel, 
Trimble, Duis, Neal, Gronvold, Steele of Ward, Walton. 

Cities and Municipal Corporations — Kennedy, chairman; 
Steele of Ward, Welch, Pierce, Baker, Turner, Welo, Bes- 
sesen, Plain, Trimble, Purcell. 

Indian Affairs — Neal, chairman; Strom, Palmer, Trim- 
ble, Anderson. 

Statistics — Albright, chairman; Kelly, Halliday, Whitcher, 
Irwin, Koffel, Baker. 

Federal Relations — Stevens, chairman; McLean, Syvert- 
son, Walton, Steel of Stutsman, Wallin, Anderson, Sharpe, 
Welch. 

Insurance — Simpson, chairman; Pierce, Albright, MacDon- 
ald, Johnson, Overson, Ramsett, Neal, Anderson, Gron- 
vold, Welo. 

Public Health — Leutz, vhairman ; Martin, Kelly, Halliday, 
Turner, Walton, McArthur, Johnson, Davis. 

Public Printing — Albright, chairman; Plain, McLean, 
Turner, Kelly, MacDonald, Syvertson, Walton, Trimble. 

Temperance — Strom, chairman; Talcott, Pierce, LaMoure, 
Gilbert, McArthur, Plain, Steel of Stutsman, Walton, Ander- 
son, Johnson. 

Mines and Minerals — Ramsett, chairman; Simpson, Mac- 
Donald, Neal, McLean, Overson, Martin, Davis, Movius. 

Rules — MacDonald, chairman; LaMoure, Talcott, Sharp, 
Koffel, Kennedy, Cashel. 

Immigration — Steele of Ward, chairman; Palmer, Purcell, 
Turner, Whitcher. Martin, Wallin, Neal, Irwin. 

Highwavs, Bridges and Ferries — Welo, chairman; Mac- 
Donald, McLean, Welch, Johnson, McArthur, Strom, 
Baker, Syvertson, Overson, Anderson, Ramsett, Gronvold. 

Irrigation and .Drainage — Cashel, chairman; Simpson, 
Leutz, Kennedy, Johnson, Trimble, Turner, Neal, Overson. 

Apportionment — Steele of Ward, chairman ; Plain, Mac- 
Donald, Ramsett, Movius, Rice, Gilbert, Kelly, Stevens, 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 175 



Trimble, Albright, Gunderson, Johnson, Syvertson, Baker, 
Steel of Stutsman, Walton, Talcott, Welo. 

Corporations other than Municipal — Purcell, chairman; 
Gilbert, Neal, Wallin, Davis, Whitcher, Kelly, Duis, Gron- 
vold, Anderson, Plain. 

Military Affairs — Baker, chairman; Rice, Welch, Steel of 
Stutsman, Simpson, Kennedy, Overson, Gronvold. 

Woman Suffrage — Overson, chairman; Crane, Holliday, 
Anderson, Walton, Purcell, Koffel. 

Game and Fish — Koffel, chairman; Talcott, Pierce, Rice, 
Crane, Gilbert, MacDonald, Syvertson, Baker. 

Live Stock Animal Husbandry — MacDonald, chairman ; 
Albright, Leutz, Talcott, Palmer, Welo, Johnson, Halliday, 
Gronvold, Irwin, Martin, Syvertson, Whitcher, Stevens, Kelly. 

Re^nsion and Correction of the Journal — Rice, chairman; 
Bessesen, Martin. 

JOINT COMMITTEES. 

Public Buildings — Anderson, chairman; Simpson, Duis, 
Kennedy, Albright. 

Charitable Institutions — Trimble, chairman; Irwin, Gil- 
bert, Steele of Ward, Crane. 

Educational Institutions — Davis, chairman; Talcott, Stev- 
ens, Kelly, Wallin, Steel of Stutsman, Ramsett. 

Penal Institutions — Welch, chairman; Pierce, Neal, Mc- 
Lean, Purcell. 

State Library — Bessesen, chairman; Turner, Welo, Al- 
bright, Plain. 

Joint Rules — Stevens, chairman; LaMoure, Sharp, Koffel. 
Talcott, Macdonald, Cashel. 



HOUSE 



1. The speaker shall take the chair at the time to which 
the House stands adjourned, and the House shall then be 
called to order, and the roll of members called and the names 
of the absentees entered upon the Journal of the House. 

2. Upon the appearance of a quorum the Journal of the 
preceding day shall be referred to the committee on revision 
and correction. Any mistakes therein shall be corrected by 
the committee and reported to the House for action. 

3. Twenty-six members of the House may order a call 
of the House and cause absent members to be sent for, 
but a call must not be made while a vote is being taken. 
The call being moved, the Speaker shall require those desiring 
the call to rise, and if twenty-six or more members shall 



176 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



rise the call shall be ordered. The call being ordered, the 
sergeant-at-arms shall close the door and allow no member 
to leave the room. The clerk shall then call the roll and 
furnish the sergeant-at-arms with a list of those members 
absent without leave, and that officer must proceed forthwith 
to find and bring in such absentees. While the House is 
under call no business can be transacted except to receive 
and act upon the report of the sergeant-at-arms and no 
motion is m order except a motion to suspend further pro- 
ceedings under the call, and said motion shall not be adopted 
unless a majority of all members-elect vote in favor thereof. 
Upon a report of the sergeant-at-arms showing that all mem- 
bers who were absent without leave, naming them, are present, 
the call shall be at an end, and the doors shall be opened, 
and the business pending at the time the call was made be 
proceeded with. 

4. The Speaker shall preserve order and decorum and 
decide all questions of order subject to an appeal to the 
House. 

6. The Speaker shall vote on all questions taken by ayes 
and nays (except on appeals from his own decisions) and in 
all elections or decisions called for by any member. 

6. When the House adjourns the members shall keep their 
seats until the speaker announces the adjournment. 

7. Every member previous to his speaking shall rise from 
his seat and respectfully address "Mr. Speaker," and remain 
standing in his place before proceeding to speak until he is 
recognized by the chair. 

8. When two or more members rise at the same time to 
speak the Speaker must designate the member who is to 
speak, but in all cases the member who shall rise first and 
address the chair may speak first. 

0. No member shall speak more than twice on the same 
subject without leave of the House, nor more than once until 
every member choosing to speak on the subject pending shall 
have spoken, nor shall any member occupy more than ten 
minutes at the first time, nor more than five minutes at the 
second time, without unanimous consent of the House. 

10. No motion shall be debated or put unless the same 
be seconded. It must then be stated by the Speaker before 
the debate and any such motion must be reduced to writing 
if the Speaker or any member desires it. 

11. After the motion shall be stated by the Speaker, it 
shall be deemed to be in possession of the House, but may 
be withdrawn at any time before amendment or decision, but 
all motions, resolutions or amendments must be entered on 
the Journal, whether rejected or adopted. 

12. When a question is under debate, no motion shall be 
received but to adjourn, to lay on the table, for the previous 



STAtE OP NORtH DAKOTA 177 



question, to postpone to a day certain, to commit ot amend, 
to postpone indefinitely — which several motions shall have 
precedence in the order which they §tand arranged. 

13. A motion to iidjoum shall always be in order, ejtcj^pt 
wheii a member is addressing the chair or a vote is bliitlg 
taken ; that, and the motion to lay upon the table shall hi 
decided without debate. 

14. Th^ previous question shall be in this form: "Shall 
the main .question be now put?" It shall be admitted only 
when demanded by a majority of the members present, aiid 
its effect shall be to put an end to all debate and bring: th^ 
Hous6 to a direct vote upon the amendments reported by a 
committee, if any, upon the pending am^dtn^ts and then 
upon the main question. On a motion for the previous 
question, and prior to the seconding of the same, a call of 
the House shall be in order, but aftet a majority shall have 
seconded such motion, no call shall be in order prior to 
decision of the main question. 

15. When the previous question is decided in the negative 
it shall leave the main question under debate for the remainder 
of the sitting Unless sooner disposed of in some other manner. 

16. All incidental questions of order arising after motion 
is made for the previous question, during thfe pendency of 
such motion, or after the House shall have determined that 
the main question shall be now put shall be decided, whether 
on appeal or otherwise without debate. 

17. Petitions, memorials and other papers addressed to 
the House shall be presented by the Speaker or by a member 
in his place. 

18. Every member who is present, before the vote is 
declared from the chair, must vote for or against the question 
before the House, unless the House excuses him or unless 
he is immediately interested in the question, in which case 
he must not vote. 

19. When the Speaker is putting the question, no member 
shall walk out of, or across the House, nor when a member 
is speaking, shall any person entertain any private discourse, 
or pass between the person speaking and the chair. 

20. If a question in debate contains several propositions, 
any member may have the same divided. 

21. A member called to order must immediately sit down 
unless permitted to explain, and the House, if appealed to, 
must decide the case. If there be no appeal, the decision 
of the chair shall^ stand. On appeal no member shall speak 
more than once without leave of the House. When a member 
is called to order for offensive language there shall be no 
debate. 

22. A bill can only be introduced on the report of a 
committee or on a call for bills, or by a motion for leave. 

-12- 



178 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

23. Every bill, before being introduced, shall be in type- 
written form and shall have endorsed thereon its title, and 
every bill and resolution shall have endorsed thereon the 
name of the member introducing the siime, and when ordered 
by a committee the name of such committee shall be endorsed 
thereon. . 

24. Every bill, memorial, order and resolution, requiring 
the approval of the governor, or a change in the constitution 
of the state of North Dakota, shall, after second reading, 
be referred to its appropriate committee, and if reported 
without amendment, shall pass to its third reading, unless 
otherwise ordered, and when amended it shall go to committee 
of the whole house. 

26, All bills shall be properly engrossed before their final 
passage. 

26. No amendment shall be received on the third reading, 
-except to fill blanks, without unanimous consent of the 
House, but all bills and resolutions may be committed at 
any time previous to their passage. If any amendment be 
reported on such commitment by any other than a committee 
of the whole, it shall be read a second time, and the question 
of third reading and passage put. 

27. No motion or proposition on a subject different from 
that under consideration shall be admitted, under color of 
amendment; no bill or resolution shall at any time be 
amended by annexing thereto, or incorporating therewith, 
any other bill or resolution pending before the House. 

28. In forming a committee of the whole House the 
Speaker shall appoint a chairman to preside. 

29. Bills committed to the committee of the whole House 
«hall be read, be open to amendment, and debated by sections, 
unless otherwise ordered, leaving the title to be last con- 
sidered ; all amendments shall be noted in writing and reported 
to the House by the chairman. 

30. All questions, whether in committee, or in the House, 
shall be put in the order in which they are moved, except 
in the case of privileged questions, and in filling blanks the 
largest sum and the longest time shall be first put 

31. A similar mode of p-rocedure shall be observed with 
bills which have originated in and passed the senate as with 
bills which have originated in the House, except that they 
shall not be printed nor engrossed or enrolled. 

32. No motion for reconsideration shall be in order unless 
on the same day or the day following that on which the 
decision proposed to be considered took place, nor unless 
one of the majority shall move a consideration. 

33. When notice of intention to move the reconsideration 
of any bill or joint resolution shall be given by a member, 
the clerk of the House shall retain the said bill or joint 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 179 

resolution until after the time during which the said motion 
can be made unless the same can previously be disposed of. 

34. Any member who votes on the majority side of a 
question may move a reconsideration of the same, which 
motion shall be decided by a majority vote. 

35. The rules of the House shall be observed in committee 
of the whole House so far as may be applicable except that 
the ayes and nays shall not be called, the previous question 
enforced nor the time of speaking limited. 

36. A motion that the committee rise shall always be in 
order and shall be decided without debate. 

37. No bill reported from standing or select committees 
or from the committee of the whole shall come up for a 
third reading until the first day after such report unless the 
House by a two-thirds vote otherwise orders. 

38. Standing committees shall be appointed on the follow- 
ing subjects: 

On rules to consist of nine members. 

On mileage and per diem to consist of three members. 

On judiciary to consist of nineteen members. 

.On ways and means to consist of eleven members. 

Oi\ railroads to consist of nineteen members. 

On appropriations to consist of seventeen members. 

On engrossment to consist of nine members. 

On enrollment to consist of nine members. 

On education to consist of thirteen members. 

On elections and privileges to consist of fifteen members. 

On municipal corporations to consist of nine members. 

On corporations other than municipal to consist of nine 
members. 

On agriculture to consist of thirteen members. 

On public printing to consist of nine members. 

On irrigation to consist of nine members. 

On msurance to consist of nine members. 

On banking to consist of eleven members. 

On labor to consist of nine members. 

On immigration to consist of nine members. 

On apportionment to consist of a member from each sen- 
atorial district 

On schools and public lands to consist of nine members. 

On public health to consist of nine members. / 

On military affairs to consist of nine members. 

On »warehouses, grain grading and dealing to consist of 
fifteen members. 

On federal relations to consist of nine members. 

On temperance to consist of fifteen members. 

On highways, bridges and ferries to consist of nine mem- 
bers. 

On state affairs to consist of fifteen members. 



180 LEGISLATIVE BIANUAL 



On supplies and expenditures to consist of nine members. 

On forestry to consist of nine members. 

On public debt to consist of nine members. 

On manufactures to consist of nine menibers. 

On counties and county boundaries to consist of nine mem- 
bers. 

On taxes and tax laws to consist of fifteen members. 

On coal lands and mining to consist of nine members. 

On live stock industry to consist oTf eleven members. 

On revision and correction of the Journal to consist of 
seven members. 

On same and fish to consist of nine members. 

On drainage to consist of eleven members. 

Also joint committees on the following subjects: 

On public buildings to consist of nine members. 

On charitable institutions to consist of nine members. 

On penal institutions to consist of nine members. 

On educational institutions to consist of nine members. 

On state library to consist of nine members. 

On joint rules to consist of nine members. 

39. The first named member of each committee shall be 
the chairman and in his absence or being excused by th*' 
House the next named member and so on as often as the 
case shall happen, shall act as chairman. 

40. The committee on engrossment shall examine all bills 
after they are engrossed and report the same to the House 
correctly engrossed before their third reading; said com- 
mittee may report at any time. 

41. The committee on enrollment shall examine all House 
bills and memorials which have passed the two houses, and 
when reported correctly enrolled, they shall be presented to 
the presiding officers of the House and senate for their sig- 
natures, and when so signed, presented to the governor for 
his approval; said committee may report at any time. 

42. Select committees to whom reference shall have been 
made, must, in all cases, report a state of facts and their 
opinion thereon to the House. 

43. In all cases where a bill, order or resolution, or motion 
shall be entered upon the Journal of the House, the name 
of the member moving the same shall be entered on the 
Journal. 

44. No person shall be admitted within the bar of the 
House except the executive, members of the senate, state 
officers, judges of the supreme and district courts, members 
of congress, ex-members of the legislative assembly, delegates 
to the state constitutional convention, all federal officers of 
the state and reporters for newspapers, except by card of 
the Speaker. Any person lobbying on the floor of the House 
shall forfeit the privilege granted by this rule. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 181 

« ■ 

45. After calling the House to order the order of business 
for the day shall be as follows: 

1. Prayer by the chaplain. 

2. Calling the roll. 

3. Reference of the Journal. 

4. Presentations of petitions and communications. 

5. Reports of standing committees. 
. 6. Reports of select committees. 

7. Motions and resolutions. 

8. Unfinished business. 

9. Introduction of bills and memorials. 

10. First and second reading of House bills and memorials. 

11. Third reading of the same. 

12. Consideration of messages from the senate. 

13. First and second reading of senate bills and memorials. 

14. Third reading of the same. 

15. Consideration of general orders. 

46. Whenever the report of any committee of conference 
contains several modifications or amendments, any member 
may have the same divided, and the question of concurrence 
taken separately upon each modification or amendment 

47. When the House has arrived at "the general orders 
of the day" it shall go into committee of the whole upon 
such orders, or a particular order desija:nated by a vote of 
the House, and no other business shall be in order until the 
whole are considered or passed, or the committee rise; and 
unless a particular bill is ordered up the committee of the 
whole shall consider, act upon, or pass the general order, 
according to the order of reference. 

48. The Speaker may leave the chair, and appoint a mem- 
ber to preside, but not for a longer time than one day, 
except by leave of the House. 

49. The rules of parliamentary practice adopted by the 
house of representatives of the United States shall govern 
the House in all cases to which thev are applicable, and in 
which they are not inconsistent with the standing rules of 
the House, and the joint rules and orders of the senate and 
House of Representatives. 

50. No rule of the House shall be suspended, altered or 
amended without the concurrence of two-thirds of the mem- 
bers of the whole house. 

51. The hour of dailjr meeting of the House shall be 2 
o'clock in the afternoon, until the House directs otherwise. 

52. The ayes and nays shall not be ordered unless de- 
manded by one-sixth of the members present except on the 
final passage of bills, concurrent resolutions to amend the 
constitution, and memorials, in which case ayes and nays 
shall be had without demand. 



182 ' LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



63. In case all the members of any conmiittee, required 
or entitled to report on any subject referred to them, cannot 
agree upon any report the majority and minority may each 
make a special report, and any member dissenting in whole 
or in part, from the reasonings and conclusions of both 
majority and minority may also present to the House a state- 
ment of his reasonings and conclusions; and all reports, if 
decorous in language, and respectful to the House, shall be 
entered at length on the Journal. 

54. No smoking shall be allowed in the House while in 
session. 

66. No member or any other person shall remain by the 
clerk's desk when the ayes and nays are being called. 

66. In case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct in 
the lobby or gallery, the Speaker or chairman of tiie committee 
of the whole shall have power to order the same to be cleared. 

67. No member or officer of the House, unless he, from 
illness or other cause shall be unable to attend, shall absent 
himself from a session of the House during an entire day 
without first having obtained leave of absence, and no one 
shall be entitled to draw pay while absent more than one day 
without leave. 

68. Neither the chief clerk nor his assistant shall permit 
any records or papers belonging to the House to be taken 
out of their custody otherwise than in the regular course of 
business. The chief clerk shall report all missing bills, reso- 
lutions and papers to the Speaker; shall have general super- 
vision of all clerical duties appertaining to the business of 
the House ; shall perform, under the direction of the Speaker, 
all duties pertaining to the office, and shall also keep a book 
showing the situation and progress of all the bills, memorials 
and joint resolutions. 

69. At least one day's notice shall be given of the intro- 
duction of any motion or resolution calling for or involving 
the expenditure of any money. 

60. The chairmen of the different standing committees 
shall send to the chief clerk's desk, to be read previous to 
adjournment, notice of the time and place of meeting of 
such committee. 

HOUSE COMMITTEES. 

Mileage and Per Diem— Messrs. Sorlie, chairman ; Collins of 
Grand Forks. Wolbert. 

Judiciary — Skulason, chairman; Traynor, Chatfield, Collins 
of Cass, Duncan, Fraine, Gibbens, Putnam, Kneelarid, Sorlic; 
Anderson, Hendrickson, Doyle of Foster, Homnes, Kinney of 
Richland, Nelson of McHenry, Baker of Stark, Davidson, 
Hanley. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 183 



■AmA^^iHta 



Ways and Means — Sorlie, chairman; Doyle of Foster, 
Ganssle, Hemmingson. Nelson of Steele, Pound, Nanim. 
Paulson, Poe, Sgutt, Steen. 

Railroads — White, chairman; Welford, Law. Garden, Col- 
lins of Grand Forks, Cunningham. Johnson of McLean, Hem- 
mingson, Paulson, Davidson, Sinclair, Doyle of Mcintosh, 
Pendray, Nyhus, Pound, Martin, Nelson of McHenry, 
Young, McLear. 

Appropriations — Putnam, chairman; Ployhar, Laithwaite, 
Skulason, Traynor, Knox, Garden, Wolbert, White, Collins 
of Cass, McCrea, Atwood, Ward, Price, Collins of Grand 
Forks, Martin, Senour. 

Engrossment — Crawford, chairman ; Goldammer, Johnson of 
McLean, Ppe, Pound, Kinney of Richland, Kremer, Lindvig, 
Evans. 

Enrollment — Linde, chairman ; Collins of Cass, Akesson, 
Grant, Moen of Cavalier, Pendray, Narum, Nyhus, Evans. 

Education — Ployhar, chairman ; Traynor, Wisner, McCrea, 
Gibbens, Knox, Thompson of McLean, Freeman, Chatfield, 
Laithwaite, Price, Johnson of Bottineau, Skinner, Hendnck- 
soA, Crawford. 

Elections and Privileges — ^Johnson of Bottineau, chairman; 
McCrea, White, Wolbert, Davidson, Traynor, Putnam, Gib- 
bens, Dibley, Kneeland, Atwood, Collins of Grand Forks, 
Nelson of Steele, Sgutt, Christenson. - 

Municipal Corporations — Kneeland, chairman; SchuU, 
Price, Traynor, Wisner, Baker of Stark. Doyle of Foster, 
Sgutt, Hanley. 

Corporations Other than Municipal— Ch2itfit\d chairman; 
Young, Hemmingson, Hill, Giedt, Akesson, Bjomdahl, Nel- 
son of Walsh, Grant. 

' Agriculture — Duncan, chairman; Doyle of Mcintosh, Free- 
man, Goldammer, Skinner, Hill, Linde Brynjulson, Paul- 
son, Pendray, Storey, Moen of Cavalier, Thompson of Grand 
Forks. 

Public Printing — Streeter, chairman; Doyle of Mcintosh,. 
Anderson, Johnson of Bottineau, Johnson of Rolette, David- 
son, Hanley. Kinney of Richland, Ployhar. 

Irrigation — Thompson of McLean, chairman ; Linde, Young,. 
Homnes, Burns, Poe, Senour, McLear, Evans. 

Insurance — Honey, chairman; Fraine, Baker of Cass. Brus- 
letten. Garden, Sinclair, Atwood, Goldammer, Nelson of 
Walsh. 

Labor — I^w, chairman; Doyle of Mcintosh, Lucke, Brusr- 
letten, Martin, Jewett, Giedt, Aasheim, Bjomdahl. 
' Immigration — Nelson of Steele, chairman; Akesson, Bryn- 
julson, Aasheim, Giedt, Christenson, Homnes, Kremer j 
Hughes. 



184 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Apportionment — Plath, chairman ; Anderson, Baker of Cass, 
Brusletten, Burnett, Burns, Collins of Cass, Collins 
of Grand Forks, Crawford, Dibley, Doyle of Foster, Doyle of 
^l}cIntosh, Ganssle, Goldammer, Hill, Homnes, Hughes, Jew- 
ett, Johnson of Bottineau, Johnson of Rolette, Kinney of Mc- 
Lean, Kinney of Richland, Knox, Kremer, Law, Laithwaite, 
Linde, Lucke, McCrea, Moen of Benson, Moen of Cavalier, 
Narum, Nelson of McHenry, Nelson of Steele, Olson, Pound 
Schull, Sgutt, Sheils, Sinclair, Stein, Streeter, Thompson of 
Grand Forks, Thompson of McLean, Thoreson, Young, 
Baker of Stark, Nelson of Walsh. 

School and Public Lands — Gibbens, chairman; Law, Put- 
nam, Ward, Peart, Moen of Benson, Young, Johnson of 
Rolette, Nyhus. 

Public Health — Sheils, chairman; Wisner, Cunningham, 
Garden, Hendrickson, Skulason, Poe, Senour, Dibley. 

Military Affairs — Fraine, chairman; Hanley, Streeter, Ploy- 
har, Baker of Stark, Nelson of McHenry, Crawford, Honey, 
Hale. 

Warehouses and Grain Grading — Knox, chairman; Peart, 
Ward, Storey. Brynjulson, Wisner, Kinney of McLean, 
Thoreson. Schull, Sheils, Burnett, Doyle of Mcintosh, Laith- 
waite, Skinner, Goldammer. 

Temperance — Garden, chairman; McCrea, Sheils. Ganssle, 
Hemmingson. Kinney of McLean, Hill, Davidson, Bjorndahl, 
Olson, Brusletten, Honey, Streeter. 

Highways and Bridges — Dibley, chairman; Thoreson, Hem- 
mingson, Knox, Steen, Grant, Pound, Welford, Senour. 

State Affairs — Price, chairman; Hale, Duncan, Hemming- 
son, Johnson of Bottineau, Honey, Kinney of McLean, Ward, 
Lucke, Plath, Sorlie, Welford, Wolbert, Burns, Nyhus. 

Supplies and Expenditures — Anderson, chairman: Aasheim, 
Brusletten, Christenson, Fraine, Streeter, Nelson of Steele, 
Plath, Dibley. 

Forestry — Thoreson, chairman; Johnson of Bottineau, 
Doyle of Mcintosh, Brynjulson, Moen of Benson, Aasheim, 
Bums, Lucke, Moen of Cavalier. 

Public Debt — McCrea, chairman ; Giedt, Burnett, Goldam- 
mer, Johnson of McLean, Law, Martin, Moen of Benson, 
Thoreson. 

Manufacturers — Sinclair, chairman; Giedt, Nyhus, Lindvig, 
Skinner, Olson, Hughes, Paulson, Bjorndahl. 

Counties and County Boundaries — Hendrickson, chairman; 
Johnson of Rolette, Chatfield, Martin, Brynjulson, Skinner, 
Aasheim, Poe, Senour. 

Taxes and Tax Laws — Steen, chairman; Duncan, Moen of 
Benson, Gibbens, Peart, Welford, Davidson, Jewett, Ganssle, 
Geidt, Pound, Burnett, Nelson of Walsh, Trajmor, Akesson. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 185 



Coal Lands and Mining — Young, chairman; Baker of Stark, 
Schull, Kinney of McLean, Storey, McLear, Homnes, Bums, 
IE vans. 

Live Stock — Cunning-ham, chairman; Collins of Cass, Nar- 
um. Hill, Nyhus, Ward, Duncan, Freeman, Schull, Thomp- 
son of Grand Forks, McLear. 

Banking — ^Wolbert, chairman; Wisner, Baker of Cass, Cun- 
ningham, Honey, Welford, Jewett, White, Johnson of Ro- 
lette, Johnson of McLean, Kinney of Richland. 

Federal Relations — Storey, chairman ; Burnett, Ward, Linde, 
Plath, Skinner, Thoreson, Baker of Cass, Kremer. 

Revision and Correction of the Journal — Doyle of Foster, 
•chairman; Kneeland, Kremer, Ployhar, Lindvig, Olson, 
McLear. 

Game and Fish — ^Hale, chairman; Thompson of McLean, 
1-indvig, Hill. Sgutt, Dibley, Christenson, Atwood, Cuiining- 
"ham. 

Drainage — ^Lucke, chairman; Ganssle, Plath, Laithwaite, 
Burnett, Paulson. Akesson, Freeman, Thompson of Grand 
Forks, Steen, Grant. 

Rules— Baker of Cass, chairman; Fraine, Putnam, Sheils, 
Welford, Skulason, Nelson of McHenry, Peart, Sorlie. 

JOINT COMMITTEES, 

Public Buildings — Ganssle, chairman; Anderson, Cunning- 
"harn, Doyle of Mcintosh, Grant, Jewett, Price, Storey. 

Penal Institutions— Collins of Cass, chairman; Brynjul- 
•son, Crawford, Fraine, Hale, Hughes, Kneeland, Martin, 
"Young. 

Library — Narum, chairman; Baker of Stark; Laithwaite, 
Xindvig, Olson, Paulson, Schull, Sheils, Ward. 

Charitable Institutions — Pendray, chairman; Atwood, 
"Bjorndahl, Moen of Benson, Nelson'^ of Walsh, Olson, 
"Peart, Sinclair, Thoreson. 

Educational Institutions — ^Collins of Grand Forks, chair- 
::ian; Baker of Cass, Brusletten, Chatfield, Johnson of Mc- 
Xean, Garden, Plath, Skulason, Sorlie. 

Rules — McCrea, chairman; Burnett, Christianson , Duncan, 
TIanley, Linde, Putnam, Thompson of McLean, White. 

JOINT RULES. 

1. Each house shall transmit to the other all papers on 
•which any bill or resolution shall be founded. 

2. When a bill or resolution which shall have passed in 
-one hpuse is rejected in the other, notice thereof shall be 
•given to th^ house ii; which the same may have passed. 

3. Messages from one house to the other shall be , comr 
ffnunicated by the secretary of the senate and clerk of th<» 



1^ LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



house of representatives, unless the house transmitting the 
mttsage shall ^especially direct otherwise. 

4. It shall be in the power of either house to amend any 
amendment made by the other to any bill or resolution. 

5. m every case of a difference between the two houses 
upon any subject of legislation,, if either, bouse shall request 
a contcrehce and appoint a committee for that purpose, and 
the other house shall also appoint a committee; such com- 
mittee shall meet at such hour and place as shall be agreed 
on by the chairman and state to. each other, verbally or in 
wntmg, as either may choose, the reasons of their respective 
houses, and to confer freely thereon, and they shall be author- 
ized to report to their respective houses such modifications 
as they think advisable. 

6. It shall be in order for either' house to recede from 
any subject matter of difference existing between the two 
houses at any time previous to a conference, whether the 
papers on which such difference has arisen are before the 
house receding formally or informally, and a majority shall 
govern except in cases where two-thirds are required by 
the constitution, and the question havirig been put and lost, 
shall not be again put the same day, and the consideration 
thereof in other respects shall be regulated by the rules of 
the respective houses. 

7. After each house has adhered to its disagreement and 
the bill which is the subject of difference shall be deemed 
lost, it shall not be again revived during the same session 
in either house, unless by consent of three-fourths of the 
members present of the house reviving it 

& The same bill shall not create, renew or continue more 
than one incorporation, nor contain any provision in rela- 
tion to the altering of more than one act of incoiporation, 
nor shall the same bill appropriate public money or property 
for more than one purpose. Any bill appropriating moneys 
for the payment of the officers of the government shsdl be 
confined to that purpose exclusively. 

9. No duplicate of any bill which may have been intro* 
duced and printed by one house shall, upon introduction into 
the other house, be printed by said other house, except by a 
two-thirds vote of all the members present. 

10. No bill that shall have passed one house shall be sent 
for concurrence to the other on either of the last two days 
of the session, whenever a time shall have previously been 
fixed for the adjournment of the legislature. 

.11. The committee on enrolled bills in each of the two 
houses shall act jointly In the examination of all bills and 
resolutions before their presentation to the governor, either 
as a body or by such respective sub-committees as such com- 
mittees may appoint for that purpose. 



STATE or NORTH DAKOTA 187 



12. Whenever both* houses, by the constitutional vote, 
direct that any act or resolution shall take effect immedi- 
ately or at any time before July 1 following the session ol 
the legislature, a proviso shall be added at the enrollment 
of the same in words to this effect: "This act shall take 
effect immediately (or in days)." 

13. Every resolution by which any money or other prop- 
erty of the state shall be donated or appropriated, or by 
which any expense to the state shall be incurred, or which 
shall have an operation or effect outside of the two houses 
of the legislature, except such appropriation and expenses 
as shall be for the exclusive use, necessity or convenience 
of the legislature, shall be eithei- a joint or concurrent reso- 
lution, and shall take the same course as a bill, and shall 
be enrolled and presented to the governor for his signature 
before the same shall take effect. 

14. Either house shall return any bill or resolution called 
for by resolution of the other house, if the bill or resolution 
is yet in possession of the house called upon, and no action 
thereon has been had. In case action has been had, then it 
shall require a two-thirds vote of the house asked, to return 
a bill or resolution called for. 



JOINT CONVENTION RULES. 

1. Joint conventions shall be held in the hall of the house 
of representatives, and the president of the senate shall pre- 
side. 

2. The secretary of the senate and the clerk of the house 
of representatives shall be secretaries of the joint conven- 
tion, and the proceedings of the convention shall be pub- 
lished with the journals of the house, and the final result 
as announced by the president on return of the senate to 
their chamber, shall be entered on the journal of the senate. 

3. The rules of the house of representatives, as far as 
the same may be applicable, shall govern the proceedings 
in joint convention. 

4. Whenever a president pro tem presides he shall be en- 
titled to vote on all occasions, and in case of a tie the question 
shall be declared lost. 

5. Joint conventions shall have the power to compel the 
attendance of absent members in the mode and qrider the 
penalties prescribed by the rules of the house to which such 
members respectively belong, and for that purpose the ser- 
geant-at-arms of each house shall attend. 

.6. Joint conventions may adjourn from time to time, as 
may be found necessary ; and it shall be the duty of the house 
of representatives to prepare to receive the senate, the senate 
to proceed to the hall of the house of representatives at the 
time fixed by law or resolution, or to which the joint con- 
vention may have adjourned. 



188 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL* 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND QOVERNOR, 18$9 

AND 189Q. 



Counties 



Congress 
1889 



0< 



» 



^ 



Governor 
1889 



V 



M 



Congress 



(A 



s 

o 



8 

V 



Governor 
1890 



P^ 



V 

s 



JS 

s 



Barnes . . • 
Benson . . 
Billings . . 
Bottin^ti . . 
Burleigh . 

Vx'ttSS • • • • • 

Cavalier . . 
Dickey . . 
Eddy . . 
Emmons • 
Foster . . . 
Grand Forks 
Griggs . . . 
Kidder . . . 
LaMoure . 
Logan . . . 
McHcnry . 
Mcintosh . 
McLean . . 
Mercer . . . 
Morton . . 
Nelson . . . 
Oliver . . . 
Pembina • 
Pierce . . . 
Ramsey . . 
Ransom • • 
Richland . 
Rolette . . 
Sargent . . 
Stark 
Steele . 
Stutsman 
Towner 
Traill .. 
Walsh . 
Ward .. 
Wells 



• • • • 



• • • • 



. 1,850 


446 


1.191 


498 


976 


490 


715 


475 


105 


467 


111 


428 


163 


406 


45 


14 


45 


14 


17 


42 


86 


386 


808 


335 


304 


297 


840 


368 


775 


810 


771 


322 


728 


324 


746 


. 2,842 


1,288 


2,712 


1,411 


1,783 


1,689 


2,249 


668 


515 


647 


534 


587 


673 


439 


. 1,088 


507 


1,087 


506 


762 


490 


761 


240 


162 


241 


161 


236 


187 


228 


392 


73 


391 


78 


334 


221 


342 


237 


126 


235 


131 


206 


139 


204 


2,170 


1,026 


1,929 


1,268 


1,736 


1,884 


1,100 


341 


209 


346 


205 


893 


227 


886 


257 


90 


259 


88 


192 


164 


244 


595 


234 


594 


235 


477 


838 


472 


77 


13 


77 


13 


83 


36 


97 


220 


64 


219 


68 


285 


66 


140 


875 


20 


875 


20 


893 


116 


878 


222 


41 


223 


41 


167 


42 


169 


70 


15 


70 


15 


22 


47 


22 


687 


831 


680 


836 


608 


876 


600 


665 


223 


628 


260 


634 


247 


412 


28 


48 


28 


48 


16 


68 


18 


. 1,663 


1,217 


1,553 


1,241 


1,229 


1,820 


1,000 


172 


56 


181 


46 


160 


64 


161 


790 


330 


779 


843 


702 


460 


704 


998 


252 


998 


261 


785 


289 


728 


. 1,194 


790 


1,199 


771 


934 


1,032 


899 


289 


205 


250 


238 


266 


292 


257 


. 1,138 


110 


1,027 


216 


844 


820 


684 


434 


170 


432 


182 


377 


201 


367 


549 


92 


546 


92 


669 


76 


826 


863 


547 


818 


603 


671 


592 


676 


188 


241 


184 


244 


197 


287 


207 


. 1,525 


470 


1,624 


469 


1.432 


516 


068 


. 1,837 


1.099 


1,842 


1,100 


1,686 


1,890 


1,806 


292 


107 


296 


114 


187 


207 


208 


190 


148 


186 


162 


176 


167 


166 



Total . . 
Majority 



26,077 12,066 
14,071 



25,365 
12,632 



12,733 



21,865 
6,685 



14.880 



19,063 
6,449 



405 
153 

83 
846 
288 
900 
626 
441 
184 
212 
140 
1,377 
212 
120 
235 

22 

61 
106 

39 

47 
871 
203 

66 
928 

43 
840 
287 
1,008 
266 
174 
204 

67 
548 
828 
418 
1,293 
140 
164 



12,604 



STAT£ OF NOftTH DAKOTA 



18^ 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOVERNOR, 1892. 



Counties 



Total . . 
Majority 



Contress 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau 

Burleigh 

Cass ^ 

Dickey 

Eddy 

£nunons 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



e 

V 

n 
o 



M 

9 

fa 



10 

s 

fa 



Governor 



M 
u 
9 



694 


299 


659 


687 


424 


151 


51 


408 


41 


13 


3 


60 


166 


196 


116 


105 


681 


277 


82 


600 


12,118 


1,322 


298 


2,122 


881 


464 


407 


845 


621 


83 


661 


602 


216 


146 


84 


204 


278 


119 


11 


286 


193 


140 


27 


196 


1,679 


906 


712 


1,612 


263 


73 


261 


226 


214 


82 


69 


212 


348 


153 


268 


824 


88 


22 


10 


94 


184 


76 


42 


181 


288 


48 


71 


273 


112 


41 


24 


70 


36 


48 


2 


80 


651 


377 


37 


585 


437 


136 


426 


431 


37 


45 


4 


86 


1,013 


901 


697 


1,082 


120 


42 


16 


120 


461 


557 


65 


670 


693 


188 


362 


692 


907 


909 


155 


842 


253 


194 


22 


294 


611 


135 


392 


464 


325 


176 


62 


361 


415 


60 


287 


353 


655 


461 


63 


623 


155 


219 


17 


174 


1,151 


368 


318 


1,002 


1,031 


1,263 


836 


893 


183 


115 


16 


186 


169 


130 


22 


152 


40 


45 


. 14 


42 



17,727 
6,687 



11,040 



7,468 



17,236 



s 
fa 






O 
M 

tfi 



950 
210 

12 
810 
888 
1,664 
86a 
670 
198 
124 
163 
1,676 
868 
150 
44S 

26 
110 
126 
111 

56 
442 
669 

62 
1,638 

50 
603 
666 
1,175 
177 
669 
207 
411 
674 
229 
803 
2,226 
121 
171 

40 



18,995 
1,760 



190 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAI* 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOVERNOR, 1894. 



Coneress 



GoTcroor 



Counties 




Barnes .... 
Benson .... 
Billings . . . . 
Bottineau . . 
Burleigh . . . 

Cavalier . . 
Dickey . . . . , 

Eddy 

Emmons . . . 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Origgs 

Kidder 

LaMoure . . . 

Logan 

McHenry . . 
Mcintosh . . 
McLean . . . . 
Mercer .... 
Morton .... 
Nelson 
Oliver . 
Pembina 
Pierce 
Ramsey 
Ransom 
Richland 
Rolette 
Sargent 
Stark . . 
Steele . 
Stutsman 
Towner 
Traill . . 
Walsh . 
Ward .. 
Wells .. 
Williams 



• • • • • 



• • • • • 



738 
430 
65 
343 
614 

2,003 
506 
544 
234 
356 
194 

1,865 
337 
178 
443 
123 
230 
422 
114 
106 
728 
634 
69 

1,252 
180 
804 
665 

1,243 
307 
508 
525 
500 
490 
259 

1,315 

1,481 

349 

411 

60 



853 
173 

14 
377 
384 
1,277 
899 
633 
169 
206 
151 
1,003 
302 
107 
345 

30 
156 

56 

71 

12 
380 
462 

43 
1,400 

56 
389 
453 
832 
178 
575 
179 
293 
573 
167 
440 
1,628 
132 
215 

47 



Total . . . 
Majority . . 



21,615115,660 
I 4,233 



39 


67 


850 


217 


6 


4 


458 


83 






64 

408 


21 
228 


10 


13 


6 


21 


650 


202 


31 


108 


2,256 


758 


17 


25 


594 


593 


10 


22 


584 


107 


5 


15 


267 


83 


3 


1 


877 


193 


4 


9 


203 


65 


35 


176 


2,155 


595 


3 


11 


345 


44 


2 


3 


172 


34 


8 


12 


447 


194 


1 




110 


10 


9 


5 


260 


67 


2 


5 


440 


27 


1 


15 


124 


32 


3 


2 


111 


6 


3 


11 


731 


217 


12 


5 


645 


94 


1 


3 


65 


40 


51 


194 


1,332 


686 


2 


6 


216 


22 


24 


32 


845 


296 


14 


31 


745 


114 


24 


63 


1,351 


810 


3 


15 


328 


168 


10 


28 


577 


120 


5 


7 


534 


97 


4 


4 


531 


23 


12 


24 


614 


314 


10 


39 


277 


192 


41 


108 


1,480 


181 


11 


169 


1,716 


999 


8 


3 


845 


91 


9 


27 


450 


144 






66 


32 







439 



1,283 



23,723 
6,181 



8,188 



209 

93 

2 

179 
216 
727 
367 
566 
101 

23 

91 
718 
288 
101 
238 

37 
104 

41 

67 

6 

214 

388 

16 
920 

35 
118 
387 
156 

29 
515 
131 
313 
265 

29 
296 
711 

66 
105 

12 



9,354 



STAtt OF NORTH DAKOTA 



191 



VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, CONGRESSMAN AND 
GOVERNOR, 1896 



Counties - 



President 



Pi 






c 

c« 
>» 
u 

pq 



Congress 



Pi 



a 
o 

m 

a 
o 



V 

pq 



Governor 



pei 



0> 

M 
M 

PQ 



c 
o 

M 

3 

c 
o 

w 

•o 

u 
c« 

u 



Barnes .... 
Benson . . 
Billings . . 
Bottineau . . 
Burleigh . . 

Cavalier . . 
Dickey . . . 

Eddy 

Emmons . . 
Foster . . . . 
Grand Forks 
Griggs . . . 
Kidder .... 
LaMoure . . 
Logan .... 
McHenry . . 
Mcintosh . . 
McLean . . 
Mercer . . . 
Morton . . . 
Nelson . . . 
Oliver . . . 
Pembina . . 
Pierce ... . 
Ramsey . . . 
Ransom ■ . . 
Richland . . 
Rolette . . . 
Sargent . . 

Ol3i IC • • • • • 

Steele .... 
Stutsman . . 
Towner ... 

Traill 

Walsh . . . 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . 



986 
549 
78 
369 
729 

3,050 
730 
619 
278 
300 
216 

2,432 
318 
176 
460 
70 
217 
336 I 
124 
115 
752 
616 
59 

1,687 
222 
869 
766 

1,843 
306 
587 
530 
572 
705 
303 

1,673 

1,707 
299 
584 
103 



977 


957 


984 


981 


227 


527 


231 


537 


27 


79 


25 


80 


889 


378 


897 


876 


338 


709 


359. 


768 


2,089 


2,911 


2,191 


3,060 


1,158 


667 


1,176 


666 


587 


596 


699 


613 


243 


280 


210 


282 


168 


301 


170 


316 


143 


217 


143 


217 


1,898 


2,191 


2,015 


2,208 


360 


317 


858 


308 


104 


- 178 


104 


189 


401 


467 


392 


478 


25 


• 70 


27 


71 


166 


221 


153 


222 


66 


343 


61 


348 


79 


117 


69 


126 


28 


117 


17 


12» 


393 


733 


406 


811 


603 


694 


628 


614 


58 


59 


68 


63 


1,807 


1,585 


1,800 


1,467 


75 


226 


64 


231 


665 


824 


682 


856 


579 


762 


585 


768 


1,160 


1,724 


1,206 


1,827 


331 


231 


432 


310 


636 


582 


663 


692 


216 


522 


183 


568 


322 


572 


321 


563 


578 


671 


583 


727 


394 


265 


436 


324 


674 


1,661 


687 


1,629 


2,134 


1,641 


2,125 


1,669 


193 


263 


226 


276 


317 


582 


304 


572 


83 


98 


83 


. 93 



991 
548 

24 

385 

817 

2,107 

1,027 

698 

241 

160 

149 

2,043 

357 

90 
882 

22 
147 

60 

68 

11 
354 
605 

67 
2,048 

61 
633 
693 
1,118 
316 
644 
149 
336 
646 
363 
711 
2,153 
197 
313 

89 



Total ; . 
Majority 



2«,S36 
6,640 



20,686 



26,233 
4,061 



21,172 



25,918 
6»22S 



20,690 



Note. — There were 858 votes cast in the state for Levering (Pro), 
electors, and 849 votes cast for Gordon, prohibition nominee for 
congress. 



192 



LESHSLATIVB lUaSXJAL 



VOTE FOR COnORCSmAN AND GOVEflNOR, 1 



Cotxntiea 



Cuuiircn 



a 

"3 



o 
1 



to 



Governor 



u 

C 
(a 



C 

o 

ea 
3 



H 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau . . . 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier . . . . 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons . . . . 

Foster 

Grana Forks 

Griflrgs 

Kidder 

LaMoure . . . 
Ix>gan ...... 

McHenry . . . 
Mclntosn . . . 
McLean .... 

Mercer , , . . . 
Morton . . . . . 

Nelson ..... 

Oliver 

Pembina . . . . 

Pierce ...... 

Ramsey .... 

Ransom .... 

Richland . . . 
Rolette 

f argent , 
tark 

Steele 

Stutsman . . . 
Towner , . . . . 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . . 

Total . . . 
Majority 



1,151 


787 


1,167 


691 


304 


732 


89 


9 


92 


509 


472 


514 


706 


231 


778 


a»615 


1,396 


8,609 


99S 


680 


983 


696 


523 


713 


391 


179 


398 


364 


228 


404 


286 


232 


304 


3,226 


1,438 


1,409 


396 


337 


377 


219 


61 


229 


612 


367 


600 


135 


16 


137 


290 


214 


291 


587 


35 


585 


276 


.71 


299 


172, 


26 


190 


862 


511 


867 


760 


644 


730 


83 


73 


94 


1,537 


1,077 


1,549 


326 


115 


328 


604 


774 


771 


758 


601 


779 


1,602 


1,337 


1,594 


400 


344 


427 


684 


485 


686 


506 


269 


547 


596 


231 


614 


846 


554 


821 


469 


281 


460 


1,460 


425 


1,289 


1,583 


1,795 


1,548 


490 


228 


523 


722 


392 


774 


145 


107 


147 



B19 
369 

e 

483 

163 

1,463 
813 
587 
803 
195 
817 

8,563 

365 

63 

381 

16 

813 

49 

52 

9 

614 

681 

67 

1,237 
108 
650 
614 

1,351 
880 
498 
242 
253 
653 
291 
659 

1,928 
194 
871 
168 




19,496 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



193 



VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, CONGRESSMAN AND 

GOVERNOR, 1900. 



Counties 



President 



P< 



1^ 



a 

u 



Congress 



f< 



<« 

JS 

u 
n 

IS 



V 

u 



Governor 



06 






C 
CO 

s 

a 
a 



Barnes . . . . 
Benson ... , 
Billings . . . 
Bottineau . . 
Burleigh . . 

V^dSS • • « • • I 

Cavalier . . . 
Dickey ... , 

Eddy 

Emmons . . 
Foster ... 
Grand Forks 
Griggs .... 
Kidder .... 
LaMoure . . 
Logan .... 
McHenry . . 
Mcintosh . . 
McLean . . . 
Mercer ... . 
Morton . . . 
Nelson . . . . 
Oliver .... 
Pembina . . 
Pierce ... 
Ramsey . . 
Ransom . . . 
Richland . . 
Rolette ... , 
Sargent . . 

olcti IC • • • • 

Seeele . . 
Stutsman . . 
Towner . . 

Traill 

Walsh .... . 
Ward .... 
Wells ... . 
Williams . . 



1,324 


1,077 


1,285 


1,076 


1,084 


319 


1,097 


808 


158 


51 


152 


56 


728 


628 


715 


630 


679 


339 


659 


359 


3,485 


1,636 


8,209 


1,968 


1,361 


1,211 


1,842 


1,171 


763 


567 


771 


575 


455 


235 


443 


246 


433 


311 


426 


305 


415 


241 


417 


251 


2,603 


1,352 


2,505 


1,554 


527 


407 


493 


437 


225 


70 


226 


80 


597 


405 


583 


432 


231 


35 


231 


32 


595 


222 


591 


215 


658 


125 


669 


110 


587 


110 


581 


104 


269 


41 


262 


39 


1,056 


536 


1,026 


550 


994 


576 


952 


611 


110 


75 


97 


79 


1,732 


1,321 


1,674 


1,341 


535 


276 


529 


270 


1,147 


496 


1,133 


477 


924 


499 


899 


511 


2,067 


1,399 


1,991 


1,456 


566 


355 


571 


346 


765 


564 


763 


672 


780 


426 


752 


409 


724 


214 


715 


203 


1,077 


711 


1,049 


709 


805 


454 


786 


442 


1,537 


409 


1,463 


468 


1,807 


1,804 


1,753 


1,803 


880 


364 


871 


376 


966 


388 


959 


406 


249 


95 


247 


98 



1,627 

1,063 
146 
721 
662 

3,333 

1,317 
739 
444 
415 
411 

2,481 
516 
219 
565 
173 
677 
602 
577 
221 
956 
950 
81 

1,651 
528 

1,106 
903 

1,636 
575 
731 
704 
685 

1,020 
780 

1,339 

1,730 
847 
873 
249 



903 
346 
64 
622 
861 

1,830 

1,220 
597 
249 
323 
261 

1,617 
413 
87 
458 
106 
237 
181 
122 
82 
626 
613 
101 

1,369- 
276 
532 
526 

1,864 
345 
60a 
485 
17T 
759 
456 
594 

1,841 

409 

516 

98 



Total .. 
Majority 



35,898 
15,367 



20,531 



34,887 
13,712 



21,175 



34,052 
11,777 



22,276 



Note. — Woolley (pro.) for president received 731 votes; Debs (soc.' 
dem.) 520 and Barker (peoples) 111. For congress, Mott (pro.) re- 
ceived 585; Charcot (soc.-dem.) 412 and Blair (peoples) 122. For 
Governor , Carlton (pro.) received 560; Poague (soc.-dem.) 425, and 
lajor (peoples) 213. 

-13- 



194 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE FOR 


CONGRESSMAN AND GOVERNOR, 1902. 


• 


Representative in 


Congsess 


Governor 




^ 


(Hi 


Q 


Q 


8 « 


Q 


u 

o 












c/) 






C/3 


Counties 




















^ 


u 
















Marshal 


c 

is 

a 
c/) 


Lovell . 

1 


Ueland 


C 




c 

(0 

c 
o 

u 

u 


s 

CO 

O 


Barnes 


1,201 


1,178 


391 


434 


116 


1,368 


437 


108 


Benson . . . . 


1,263 


1,228 


379 


388 


11 


1,207 


441 


17 


Billings . . . . 


132 


138 


18 


18 


1 


132 


22 


1 


Bottineau . .. 


1,144 


1,132 


756 


780 


53 


1,115 


815 


62 


Burleigh . . . 


755 


747 


332 


340 


13 


723 


396 


6 


Xm^cISO • • • • • • • 


2,255 


2,376 


799 


778 


170' 1.868 


1,416 


154 


Cavalier . . 


1,265 


1,276 


882 


885 


39 


1,297 


968 


42 


Dickey 


741 


673 


337 


376 


34 


691 


360 


38 


Eddy 


424 


414 


156 


153 


12 


416 


166 


14 


Emmons . . . 


407 


411 


230 


237 


7 


411 


229 


8 


Foster 


472 


469 


258 


'254 


4 


409 


339 


6 


Grand Forks 


1,897 


1,995 


907 


933 


59 


1,696 


1,638 


70 


Griggs 

Kidder 


443 


422 


237 


257 


21 


409 


296 


21 


254 


250 


44 


40 


1 


259 


62 


1 


LaMoure . . . 


630 


606 


269 


311 


19 


593 


822 


17 


Logan 

McHenrv . 
Mcintosh . 


272 


267 


11 


11 


1 


271 


12 


1 


1,175 


1,154 


399 


397 


60 


1,169 


441 


56 


498 


498 


19 


19 


1 


497 


22 


1 


McLean . . . . 


658 


643 


69 


64 


8 


635 


81 


11 


Mercer . . . . 


207 


208 


2 


2 


1 


212 


4 




Morton . . . . 


941 


951 


398 


400 


15 


922 


447 


14 


Nelson 


883 


880 


404 


422 


81 


838 


438 


113 


Oliver 


97 


97 


52 


53 


1 


100 


65 




Pembina . . . 


1,586 


1,598 


924 


921 


5 


1,585 


1,014 


4 


Pierce 


578 


557 


240 


251 


21 


547 


287 


20. 


Ramsey . . . . 


1,000 


995 


241 


261 


38 


975 


293 


46 


Ransom . . 


901 


882 


258 


264 


29 


858 


317 


34 


Richland . . . 


1,609 


1,612 


1,315 


1,338 


33 


1,563 


1,419 


36 


Rolette . . . . 


606 


614 


351 


355 


36 


592 


407 


36 


S^argent . . . . 


725 


693 


319 


338 


51 


690 


368 


46 


Stark 


511 


511 


231 


231 


19 


498 


271 


18 


Steele 


344 


350 


32 


42 


22 


310 


76 


26 


Stutsman . . 


1,013 


1,006 


485 


483 


15 


971 


687 


16 


Towner . . . . 


707 


700 


379 


373 


18 


707 


426 


18 


Traill 


930 


941 


173 


196 


29 


796 


862 


33 


Walsh 


1.505 


1,498 


1,251 


1,281 


65 


1,483 


1,463 


66 


Ward 


1,782 


1,723 


520 


539 


68 


1,824 


607 


66 


Wells 


913 


910 


246 


261 


37 


884 


294 


80 


Williams . . . 


252 


252 


88 


89 


1 


254 


111 


2 


Total . . 


32,986 


32,854 


14,392 


14,765 


1,195 


31,613 


17.676 


1.245 


Plurality 


18,594 


18,089 








14,037 



















STATE 01' NORTH DAKOTA 



195 



VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, CONGRESSMAN 

GOVERNOR, 1904. 



AND 



Counties 



President 



Pi 



V 

> 

V 
CO 

§ 

Pi 



u 

V 

il 
c« 



Congress 



Pi 



ft 

09 
U 



CO 

C 

c 
o 

o 



c 

V 

» CO 

B 

CO 

(0 



3 



Barnes 


2,041 


451 


1,658 


1,608 


827 


521 


Benson 


1,111 


143 


1,131 


1,055 


160 


160 


Billings 


256 


37 


227 


220 


86 


84 


Bottineau . . . . 


2,094 


753 


1,826 


1,780 


915 


1,104 


Burleigh 


1,340 


237 


1,263 


1,233 


244 


240 


wclSS •••••• •• 


3,788 


609 


3,626 


8,497 


648 


680 


Cavalier 


1,664 


771 


1,577 


1,530 


751 


741 


Dickey 


998 


336 


990 


922 


356 


850 


Eddy 


596 


162 


650 


639 


166 


166 


Emmons 


653 


281 


641 


633 


287 


287 


Foster 


618 


223 


677 


550 


243 


287 


Grand Forks . . 


2,807 


828 


2,614 


2,646 


940 


997 


Griggs 

Kidder 


688 


232 


665 


567 


276 


244 


447 . 


53 


413 


400 


65 


62 


LaMoure . . . . 


860 


195 


796 


765 


197 


199 


LfOgan 


454 


31 


461 


449 


32 


31 


McHenrv . . . . 
Mcintosh . . . . 


1,807 


556 


•1,713 


1,666 


566 


560 


736 


58 


741 


738 


42 


40 


KicLean 


1,928 


219 


1,855 


1,832 


225 


222 


Mercer 


252 


17 


262 


265 


13 


14 


Morton 


1,474 


321 


1,A3 


1,389 


337 


835 


Nelson 


1,284 


340 


1,181 


1,203 


413 


878 


Oliver 


241 


46 


217 


210 


65 


68 


Pembina 


1,870 


743 


1,762 


1,720 


786 


799 


Pierce 


921 


284 


862 


831 


298 


302 


Ramsey 


1,523 


386 


1,440 


1,406 


410 


428 


Ransom 


1,257 


253 


1,169 


1,158 


306 


284 


Richland . . . . 


2,420 


1,116 


2,196 


2,177 


1,184 


1,153 


Rolette 


912 


366 


817 


797 


407 


420 


Sargent 


1,045 


310 


1,001 


997 


361 


850 


OLolK •• •••••• 


703 


231 


641 


599 


215 


209 


Steele 


817 


69 


767 


765 


91 


76 


Stutsman . . . . 


1,856 


453 


1,734 


1,651 


498 


500 


Towner 


1,022 


436 


946 


912 


441 


448 


Traill 


1,566 


176 


1,458 


1,406 


194 


198 


Walsh 


2,042 


1,113 


1,877 


1,831 


1,141 


1,152 


Ward * 


4,349 


914 


4,096 


3,860 


975 


950 


Wells 


1,330 


209 


1,282 


1,263 


222 


217 


Williams 


825 


816 


777 


763 


811 


807 


Total . . . . 


62,595 


14,273 


49,111 


47,648 


15,622 


15,898 


Majority . . 


88,322 




33,489 


32,260 







196 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote for President, Congressman and Governor, 

1 904. — Continued. 



Represenative in Congress 


Governor 


c 


) 





o 


o 

u 


P< 


Q 


u 
o 


o 


(/ 


) 


CO 


Pm 


Pm 






w 


Ck 


Counties 






















B 




(A 

4-> 




V 


4-> 


• . 









u 

u 


U 


JO 

H 






M 

CO 


•4 

o 

CO 
< 


Barnes 


96 


96 


49 


56 


1,801 


622 


100 


78 


Benson . . . . 


12 


12 


36 


86 


1,017 


191 


12 


50 


Billings . . . . 


8 


4 


4 


3 


231 


34 


6 


3 


Bottineau ... 1 


L20 


112 


86 


27 


1,799 


987 


128 


43 


Burleigh . . . 


19 


19 


9 


9 


1,256 


246 


22 


8 


\.^3SS • • • • • • • 


L49 


141 


178 


168 


8,600 


648 


148 


249 


Cavalier . . . . 


38 


86 


13 


12 


1,499 


819 


86 


12 


Dickey 


53 


57 


15 


47 


943 


870 


61 


23 


Eddy 


12 


18 


12 


11 


542 


167 


18 


17 


Emmons . . 


11 


11 


6 


5 


638 


286 


10 


7 


Foster 


8 


8 


6 


6 


559 


265 


8 


4 


Grand Forks : 


L87 


113 


50 


61 


2,503 


1,181 


117 


66 


Griggs 


35 


37 


16 


18 


533 


277 


80 


108 


Kidder 


4 


4 


6 


6 


898 


79 


8 


6 


LaMoure . . . 


43 


43 


8 


10 


•775 


206 


45 


11 


Logan 


4 


4 








453 


81 


4 





McHenry . . 
Mcintosh . .. 


53 


52 


•22 


21 


1,697 


604 


67 


. 28 


2 


2 








736 


48 


2 





McLean . . . . 


13 


12 


18 


17 


1,856 


240 


15 


17 


Mercer 








1 


1 


261 


11 





1 


Morton 


24 


22 


5 


5 


1,406 


346 


23 


4 


Nelson 


66 


63 


22 


25 


1,151 


435 


68 


87 


Oliver 


2 


2 


7 


6 


217 


59 


2 


8 


Pembina . . . 


3 


3 


43 


40 


1,774 


787 


3 


41 


Pierce 


31 


30 


14 


12 


844 


318 


34 


19 


Ramsey 


57 


56 


17 


20 


1,429 


458 


59 


24 


Ransom 


28 


29 


35 


36 


1,139 


321 


26 


89 


Richland . . . 


51 


50 


28 


28 


2,132 


1,228 


49 


42 


Rolette . . . . 


71 


67 


11 


12 


813 


415 


74 


13 


Sargent . . . . 


68 


77 


13 


12 


1,002 


390 


70 


13 


Oldi fC • • • • • • 


24 


25 


1 


2 


660 


217 


26 


3 


Steele 


23 


26 


27 


25 


631 


205 


19 


66 


Stutsman . . . 


22 


21 


26 


25 


1,715 


515 


23 


27 


Towner 


45 


47 


12 


11 


945 


463 


50 


10 


Traill 


54 


54 


83 


82 


1,107 


579 


47 


148 


Walsh 


84 


83 


28 


30 


1,857 


1,184 


79 


40 


Ward l 


L99 


195 


75 


71 


4,053 


1,020 


216 


83 


Wells 


61 


61 


24 


24 


1,274 


230 


68 


87 


Williams . . . . 


9 


10 


11 


11 


781 


818 


8 


14 


Total .. 1/ 


r34 


1,697 


967 


971 


48,026 


16,744 


1,760 


1,888 


Pluralitv. 










31,282 








^ • %M A %A •*•¥• ••• 













STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



197 



VOTE FOR GOVERNOR, 1906. 



Counties 




Q 


o 




en 


V 




u 


^ 


9 


o 


« 


Q 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McKenzie 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina , . 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele , 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 

Total , 

Plurality , 



923 


1,348 


391 


1,062 


295 


42 


1,160 


1,672 


983 


489 


2,056 


1,884 


1,043 


1,574 


676 


330 


365 


387 


600 


274 


260 


617 


1,050 


3,020 


238 


736 


294 


168 


687 


471 


510 


59 


1,072 


1,014 


426 


19 


336 


211 


1,636 


364 


325 


14 


1,646 


395 


664 


849 


244 


113 


911 


1,607 


368 


973 


476 


1,537 


900 


488 


993 


1,436 


369 


1,020 


713 


615 


492 


282 


218 


579 


1,061 


1,177 


404 


1,192 


634 


1,072 


814 


2,239 


1,924 


1,947 


584 


679 


678 


669 



46 

8 

8 

84 

17 

68 

27 

18 

10 

9 

6 

39 

15 

7 

19 

8 

42 

3 

12 

40 

2 

24 

16 

2 

5 

30 

22 

18 

17 

44 

32 

7 

6 

14 

10 

24 

35 

138 

21 

41 




978 



198 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE FOR REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS, 1906. 



Counties 



• 


• 


• 
V4 


• 








• 


«8 


c 


^ 


g 


'l^ 




b 


• 


H 


<i 



e 
o 

c 

n 



e 

o 




O 






Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau .... 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks . 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry 

Mcintosh .... 
McKenzie . . . r 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



Totals . . . 
Plurality 



1,492 


1,266 


679 


647 


69 


931 


862 


406 


425 


20 


292 


268 


27 


23 


6 


1,538 


1,316 


1,036 


1,425 


92 


1,059 


1,021 


856 


841 


16 


2,365 


2,223 


1,621 


1,844 


62 


1,420 


1,325 


1,043 


1,092 


82 


760 


707 


246 


249 


26 


434 


424 


242 


241 


10 


627 


591 


287 


240 


8 


445 


399 


858 


352 


6 


1,874 


1,794 


1,759 


1,778 


46 


438 


397 


492 


479 


19 


332 


292 


115 


111 


6 


820 


739 


806 


297 


18 


495 


487 


38 


87 





1,380 


1,806 


653 


688 


63 


426 


427 


18 


15 


4 


405 


348 


74 


82 


11 


1,700 


1,658 


234 


230 


39 


313 


297 


12 


12 


1 


1,689 


1,631 


287 


300 


19 


950 


995 


462 


488 


19 


266 


242 


88 


82 


2 


1,384 


1,819 


996 


1,006 


6 


616 


614 


680 


610 


33 


1,071 


1,011 


778 


792 


84 


1,046 


983 


313 


315 


17 


1,276 


1,211 


1,101 


1,084 


23 


745 


704 


461 


636 


48 


817 


788 


890 


391 


46 


578 


666 


162 


166 


10 


503 


492 


264 


262 


6 


1,304 


1,209 


894 


862 


16 


794 


751 


678 


698 


16 


921 


903 


646 


532 


29 


1,342 


1,293 


1,490 


1,616 


64 


2,418 


2,340 


1,172 


1,204 


161 


862 


827 


826 


806 


80 


802 


757 


821 


316 


43 



38,923 
17,878 



36,772 
15,422 



21,060 



21,360 



1,161 



60 
10 

3 
86 
17 
60 
81 
26 
12 

9 

3 
63 
18 

8 
19 


66 

2 
11 
45 

2 
26 
20 

2 

4 

86 
36 
10 
22 
42 
81 
12 

6 
14 
16 
28 
68 
153 
28 
41 



1,129 



Scattering: For congress, Billings, 2; Richland, 1; Steele, 1; 
Towner, 1. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



199 



REPUBLICAN VOTE AT PRIMARY ELECTION. 
First State-Wide Primary, June 24, 1908. 



Counties 







• 

.c 








M 




• 


• 


3 
O 




CS 


o 


u 




J3 


« 

c 


•8 


V 


ki 


M 


c 




c« 


O 


M 


S 


:^ 


>-» 


t^ 




fa 


• 





n 


• 


• 


w 


u 


305 


144 


05 


108 


853 


393 


422 


102 


769 


718 


500 


103 


222 


148 


150 


870 


817 


062 


211 


382 


172 


1 «1 


88 


62 


174 


127 


619 


1,120 


999 


994 


710 


1,307 


1,090 


163 


108 


801 


1,016 


78 


67 


00 


42 i 


93 


33 


88 


238 


104 


176 


92 


301 


87 


79 


832 


247 


123 


122 


08 


743 


900 


724 


258 


118 


220 


44 


12 


170 


112 


192 


100 


103 


107 


300 


295 


722 


190 


50 


212 


428 


57 


111 


266 


584 


909 


470 


499 


485' 


87 


10 


459 


540 


114 


139 


12§ 


044 


481 


1,120 


022 


230 


44 


125 


70 


430 


033 


704 


606 


78 


1,016 


122 


S0» 


168 


87 


04 


74 


328 


218 


293 


47 


170 


558 


177 


92 


357 


433 


1,033 


147 


052 


522 


80 


281 


347 


813 


143 


338 


209 


294 


103 


162 


500 


401 


77 


108 


234 


179 


270 


5t9 


149 


519 


103 


41 


1,209 


237 


370 


634 


344 


184 


195 


135 


201 


1,017 


105 


57 


490 


001 


221 


70 


2,139 


1,529 


1,920 


1,141 


740 


382 


240 


206 


408 


094 


1,251 


322 


1 21,527 


17,453 [ 


13,545 


12,787 


1 


1 







Adams 

Barnes .... 
Benson .... 
Billings ... 
Bottineau . . 
Bowman . . . . 
Burleigh . . , 

Cass 

Cavalier . . . 
Dickey .... 

Dunn 

Eidy 

Emmons . . . 
Foster . . . . , 
Grand Forks 
Griggs . . . 
Hettinger . , 
Kidder . . . . 
LaMoure 

Logan 

MtHenmr . . 
Mclntosn . . 
McKenzie . 
McLean . . . . 
Mercer . . . . , 
Morton . . . . 
Nelson .... 

Oliver 

Pembina . . . 

Pierce 

Ramsey . . . . 
Ransom ... 
Richland . . 

Rolette 

Sargent ... 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 
Towner . . . . 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells , 

Williams . . . 



Total 



200 



LEGISLATIVK MANUAL 



Republican Primary Vote of North Dakota, 1908. — (Cont'd. 









Representatives in 


Congress 






Counties 


» 

c 


• 

a 

c 


• 

c 

1 


o 

u 


• 

o 
.o 
■*•> 
•a 


• 

e 
o 

M 

c 


• 


• 
CA 

B 

«»4 


• 

c 




o 


tt 


i> 


u 


• p* 


^ 


c 


• v4 


o 




O 


X 


t^ 


:^ 


:^ 


o 


CO 


^ 


> 




• 


n 


• 


• 


• 


M 


ci 


• 

< 


• 

1^ 




^ 


^ 


w 


• 


• 


• 


bi 


bi 


d 


Adami . . . 


242 


296 


207 


61 


19 


76 


34 


67 


258 


Barnes . . . 


603 


618 


655 


48 


29 


86 


168 


65 


1,240 


Benson . . . 


851 


540 


702 


437 


67 


193 


174 


67 


708 


BiUings ... 


351 


491 


68 


81 


17 


100 


46 


68 


259 


Bottineau 


834 


800 


854 


116 


88 


168 


148 


80 


728 


iiowman . 


79 


79 


138 


34 


14 


42 


27 


86 


184 


Burleigh 


919 


941 


240 


102 


71 


172 


83 


444 


. 423 


Cass .... 1 


1,929 


3,060| 


7131 


111| 


49 


387 


lOQ 


88 


1.28« 


Cavalier . 


536 


508 


843 


76 


•21 


68 


279 


3t 


813 


Dickey . . 


189 


2&7 


563 


37 


88 


186 


31 


61 


678 


Punn .... 


119 


176 


64 


35 


18 


44 


18 


80 


68 


Eddy .... 


282 


d66 


341 


36 


14 


50 


21 


16 


328 


Eramons . . 


445 


404 


97 


73 


47 


98 


60 


134 


210 


Foster 


196 


244 


185 


16 


27 


74 


38 


31 


258 


•Grand Fks 


957 


545 


1,141 


150 


92 


244 


634 


89 


937 


Griggs . . . 


179 


166 


99 


12 


14 


27 


116 


14 


100 


Hettmger 


245 


349 


63 


64 


30 


102 


26 


47 


185 


Kidder . . . 


391 


379 


114 


71 


39 


150 


125 


112 


224 


LaMoure . 


274 


339 


445 


53 


35 


86 


210 


1 62 


628 


Logan .... 
McHenry . 
Mcintosh . 


895 


432 


78 


67 


29 


80 


48 


65 


218 


1,008 


1,934 


677 


197 


75 


192 


491 


116 


738 


486 


629 


88 


93 


61 


90 


58 


68 


866 


McKenzie 


326 


225 


318 


42 


32 


86 


72 


60 


335 


McLean . . 


1,141 


1,206 


801 


154 


111 


292 


160 


230 


1,046 


Mercer . . . 


208 


189 


45 


59 


11 


74 


35 


45 


138 


Morton 


1,065 


1,050 


286 


180 


116 


262 


246 


271 


630 


Nelson . . | 


816 


534 


702 


28 


L 21 


73 


•188 


16 


622 


Oliver . . . 


182 


176 


33 


21 


16 


49 


41 


26 


124 


Pembina . . 


378 


407 


190 


18 


22 


61 


339 


23 


244 


Pierce . . . 


849 


231 


419 


141 


34 


90 


146 


38 


420 


Ramsey 


676 


332 


.451 


874 


72 


188 


206 


61 


430 


Ransom . . 


790 


733 


340 


71 


36 


155 


106 


76 


350 


Richland 


814 


783 


470 


49 


82 


173 


110 


76 


622 


Rolette . . 


326 


303 


254 


85 


24 


105 


76 


87 


848 


Sargent . . 


486 


428 


357 


92 


31 


86 


37 


87 


391 


Stark 


596 


781 


98 


108 


62 


108 


45 


84 


198 


Steele . . . 


397 


350 


431 


23 


37 


66 


28 


14 


829 


Stutsman 


865 


918 


635 


207 


81 


193 


198 


192 


1,027 


Towner . . 


377 


325 


148 


117 


24 


120 


140 


80 


222 


Traill .... 


748 


452 


746 


35 


50 


80 


120 


68 


404 


Walsh . . . 


528 


264 


519 


26 


66 


104 


616 


71 


ill 


Ward .... 


2,980 


2,465 


1,669 


484 


401 


628 


831 


330 


1,837 


Wells .... 


645 


532 


391 


87 


62 


271 


64 


107 


535 


Williams . 


1,431 


1,224 


690 


181 


92 


304 


206 


127 


498 


Total . . . 


27,584 


26,361 


18,158 


5,142 


2,356 


6,240 


6,735 


3,789 


21,509 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



201 



Republican Primary Vote of North Dalcota, 1908. — Cont'd. 




Governor 


Lt. Governor 


J'ge Sup. Court 




• 

c 




• 




tc 


• 
** 




o 








c 


ja 


Counties 


c 


• 


M 


i 


•o 






o 


M 
u 




V 

•a 

c 








• 

< 




w 




b 


» 




• 


• 


ca 


W 


• 

n 


ui 



Adams . . . 
Barnes ... 
Benson . . . 
Billings . . 
Bottineau 
Bowman . . 
Burleigh . . 
Cass ..... 
Cavalier 
Dickey 
Dunn . . . . 

Eddy 

Emmons . . 
Foster . . . . 
Grand Fks. 

Grig^ 

Hcttmgcr 
Kidder .... 
LaMoure . , 
Loran . . . . 
McHenry 
Mclntosn . 
McKenzie . 
McLean 
Mercer . . . 
Morton . . . 
Nelson 
OKver , ... 
Pembina . . 
Pierce 
Ramsey 
Ransom . . 
Richland . . 
R»lettc . . . 
Sargent 

Stark 

Steele . . . . 
Stutsman . 
Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . 



436 
867 

1,088 
685 

1,167 
195 

1,393 

2,389 ( 
097 
411 
267 
351 
558 
315 

1,284 
244 
446 
576 
684 
624 

1,467 
655 
604 

1,631 
871 

1,683 
826 
282 
477 
571 

1,028 

1,951 

1,098 
496 
688 
892 
532 

1,257 
477 
906 
789 

4,131 
862 

1,874 



284 
763 
857 
140 
868 
174 
419 

1,634 ( 
923 
704 
50 
340 
306 
270 

1,121 
95 
146 
803 
555 
153 
873 
294 
252 

1,137 
75 
545 
607 
81 
357 
418 
677 I 
394 I 
535 
307 
406 
216 
304 

1,054 
266 
493 
601 

2,358 
633 
714 



896 
815 
807 
543 
869 
154 

1,221 

3,061 
603 
846 
248 
282 
539 
294 
567 
197 
411 
532 
490 
509 

1,127 
699 
441 

1,829 
269 

1,334 
538 
214 
450 
354 
790 
742 
805 
379 
553 
700 
349 

1,267 
417 
463 
407 

3,148 
696 

1,344 



271 


816 


751 


•90 


1,039 


1,172 


215 


334 


1,117 


1,121 


182 


176 


513 


733 


1,001 


1,929 


953 


993 


715 


7t3 


56 


146 


391 


367 


260 


879 


263 


216 


1,920 


1,817 


160 


233 


191 


191 


289 


398 


672 


681 


198 


258 


1,122 


1,262 


234 


391 


343 


382 


1,276 


1,877 


149 


241 


809 


1,187 


842 


887 


122 


180 


388 


598 


571 


680 


845 


1,032 


562 


658 


739 


746 


388 


461 


467 


606 


303 


432 


479 


546 


961 


973 


314 


461 


879 


908 


S76 


876 


2,874 


3,497 


733 


684 


1,055 


1,345 



860 
993 
754 
400 
849 
106 

1,068 

2,073 
670 
842 
146 
308 
419 
348 
690 
127 
803 
436 
380 
461 
969 
535 
418 

1,292 
204 

1,103 
492 
180 
236 
366 
629 
707 
821 
3^2 
517 
615 
285 

1,256 
3t5 
451 
402 

2,691 
776 

1,110 



Total I 39,169 I 23,702 | 31.485 | 28,377 I 33.049 | 27.695 

Note: Scattering, Burke for governor — Adams. 2; Barnes. 83; 
Benson, 82; Billings, 17; Cass, 38: Dickey, 3; Dunn, 3; Eddy, 3; 
Emmons, 2; Grandf Forks, 13; Kiader, 4: LaMoure. 3; Logan, 6; 
McKenzie, 6; McLean, 23; Mercer, 11; Nelson, 6; Oliver, 7; Pem- 
bina, 12; Stark, 3; Steele, 24; Towner, 32; Traill. 23; Walsh, 1; 
Wells, 18; total, 324. 



202 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Republican Primary Vote of North Dalcota, 1908. — Cont'd. 



Counties 



Secretary State 



State Auditor 



V 
T3 

.2 



V 



m 


• 


C 
ft 


3 


c 


4-> 


ft 


43 


M 


bo 


u 


• «i4 


3 


u 


* 

< 


M 


• 


• 



c 

c 
o 
bo 



O 
U 



c 
o 

09 
V 



Adams . 

Barnes 

Benson 

Billings . 

Bottineau 

Bowman 

Burleigh 

Cass , 

Cavalier . . . 
Dickey . . . . 

Dunn , 

Eddy 

Emmons . . . 

Fister 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Hettinger 
Kidder . . . . 
LaMoure 
Logan .... 
McHenry 
Mcintosh . . 
McKenzie . 
McLean ... 
Mercer .... 
Morton . . . . 
Nelson . . . . 

Oliver 

Pembina . . . 

Pierce 

Ramsey . . . . 
Ransom . . . , 
Richland . . . 

Rolette 

Sargent . . . 

Stark , 

Steele 

Stutsman . . 
Towner . . . , 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . . 



• • t • t 



Total 



332 
669 
847 
422 

1,015 
137 

1,242 

2,297 
692 
841 
59 
274 
448 
179 

1,149 
198 
821 
426 
435 
462 

1,3251 I 
623 
445 

1,403 
240 

1,322 
683 
208 
532 
407 
995 
681 
926 
409 
534 
708 
433 
698 
451 
684 
559 

4.291 
657 

1,501 



332 
938 

1,068 
352 
963 
206 
537 

1,565 
977 
720 
134 
411 
874 
393 

1,178 
161 
845 
409 
682 
265 

966 r 

291 
350 

1,274 
196 
843 
691 
144 
311 
506 
678 
663 
620 
378 
488 
317 
896 

1,632 
807 
627 
705 

2,138 
813 
932 



248 
391 
689 
344 
840 

97 

621 

1,651 

692 

280 

86 
189 
821 
287 
756 

70 
221 
387 
397 
827 
916 
441 
250 
868 
107 
946 
485 
188 
400 
262 
695 
419 
552 
380 
201 
433 
183 
925 
595 
216 
289 
8,303 
600 
898 



218 


209 


845 


37» 


468 


78» 


221 


235 


656 


433 


125 


loa 


853 


341 


679 


1,690 


405 


291 


389 


1 330 


84 


' 127 


310 


190 


274 


201 


211 


11» 


969 


610 


165 


134 


187 


151 


241 


19ft 


387 


304 


821 


801 


642 


69ft 


273 


217 


849 


211 


588 


1,217 


153 


179^ 


676 


711 


476 


381 


188 


9S 


303 


114 


849 


824 


668 


426 


443 


61& 


608 


455 


835 


19» 


679 


180 


371 


261 


400 


261 


794 


46» 


147 


98 


628 


61& 


589 


401 


8,824 


1,668 


479 


478 


724 


866 




STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



20a 



Republican Primary Vote of North Dakota, 1908.~Cont'd. 





State Treas. 


Supt. P'b Ins. 


Attorney Gen'l 


Counties 


• 

c 

u 

• 


• 

•a 
u 

n 


• 

B 


• 

u 

o 


• 

G 

O 

J 

55 


• 

u 

» 


• 

t-i 
Ji 

a 
u 

•a 

c 

< 


Adams 


272 

460 
501 
461 
787 
187 

1,250 

8,103 
658 
261 
188 
818 
476 
206 
761 
101 
201 
418 
371 
408 
867 
721 
248 
031 
221 

1,081 
440 
183 
446 
268 
646 
676 
720 
313 
570 
742 
228 

1,116 
323 
342 
384 

2,300 


806 

1.115 

1,240 
327 

1,170 
200 
554 

1,640 
986 
783 
153 
463 
847 
353 

1,568 
266 
267 
896 
687 
218 

1,387 
227 
544 

1,784 
207 

1,071 
026 
173 
386 
663 

1,106 
688 
836 
467 
605 
313 
600 

1,102 

420 

074 

870 

1 S.666 


320 
582 
868 
301 

1,043 
162 

1,171 

8,104 
678 
208 
156 
266 
435 
245 
746 
111 
824 
546 
510 
641 

1,080 
< 620 
1 814 

1,604 
208 

1,361 
684 
260 
288 
461 
688 
678 

1,830 
415 
524 
527 
371 

1,210 
826 
616 
385 

2,880 
704 

1,117 


408 

1,280 

1,232 

453 

1,286 

188 

853 

1,668 

1,436 

887 

160 

471 

804 

867 

1,688 

264 

364 

543 

084 

842 

1,182 

805 

1 608 

1,^86 

356 

1,068 

830 

168 

828 

610 

1,377 

1,108 

600 

683 

686 

567 

622 

1,616^ 

444 

084 

1,618 

8,402 

1,136 

1,202 


810 

486 
616 
188 
444 
HI 
808 
664 
188 
828 
106 
186 
188 

61 
684 
148 
164 
181 
460 
161 
665 
101 
1 2ST 
485 

98 
531 
204 

83 

80 
864 
885 
885 
630 
140 
246 
177 
236 
346 
106 
697 
604 
1,088 
806 
006 


188 
358 
650 
834 
698 

84 

810 

1,887 

465 

126 

70 
202 
200 
336 
628 

55 
102 
822 
103 
852 
627 
423 
1 883 
704 
116 
843 
865 
126 
318 
166 
406 
405 
462 
247 
240 
678 
162 
777 
236 
221 
171 
1,806 
481 
761 


876 


Barnes 

Bfinson 

Billings 

Bottineau 

Bowman 


821 
830 
288 
034 
160 


Burleigh 

Cass 


608 
1,488 


CavaHer 

Dickey 


904 
706 


Dunn 


08 


Eddy 


360 


^uu^ .......•.•.■• 

Emmsns .......... 


328 


Foster 

Grand Fks 

Griggs ^ . . . 

Hettinger 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 


199 
1,118 
152 
192 
318 
448 
838 


McHenry , . 

Mcintosh 

McKenzie 


1,071 
310 
887 


McLean 

Mercer 

Mortsn 

Nelson 


1,455 
220 
838 
700 


Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce ■ 


150 
443 
416 


Ramsey . , 

Ransom • . 

Richland 


003 
571 
664 


Rolette 

Sararent .......... 


367 
660 


dial JC •••• ••••••• 

Steele 


321 
468 


StutAtnaii ••...•••• 


1,000 


Towner ••.• 


827 


Traill 


684 


Walsh 

Ward 


610 
2,863 


Wells 


525 '027 
803 1,647 


646 


Williams 


700 






4 

Totel 


126, 534 134. SSI 


30,552 ilfi.SOi 


15,444 


18,888 


26.564 






1 




1 





204 



LEGISLATI\^ MANUAL 



Republican Primary Vote of North Dakota, 1908. — (Cont'd. 



Counties 



Commissioner of 
Insurance 



t-i 
«* 

o. 
o 

o 

U 



U 



u 
H 



Commissione r 
of Agriculture 



u 
O 

m 

U 



c 
ft 



Adams 

Barnes 

Benson 

Billings . . . . 
Bottineau . . 
Bowman 
Burleigh . . . , 

Cass 

Cavalier . . . . 

Dicl^ey 

Dunn 

Eddy 

Emmons . . . 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Hettinger . . 

Kidder 

LaMoure . . . 

Logan 

McHenry , . . 
Mcintosh 
McKenzie 
McLean . . . . 

Mercer 

Morton .... 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina ... 

Pierce 

Ramsey .... 
Ransom . . . . 
Richland . . . 

Rolette 

Sargent .... 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman . . . 
Towner .... 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . . 



Total 



295 


342 


862 


286 


726 


854 


881 


•76 


810 


1,622 


778 


l,0f6 


444 


309 


640 


2IS 


894 


993 


973 


922 


123 


197 


168 


161 


1.067 


687 


1,368 


363 


2,401 


1,409 


2.676 


1,196 


592 


929 


686 


834 


259 


771 


426 


604 


152 


127 


190 


90 


317 


351 


326 


837 


443 


348 


544 


266 


308 


254 


276 


271 


1,247 


1,124 


1,866 


927 


265 


99 


232 


119 


310 


219 


396 


150 


428 


372 


617 


293 


400 


7dl 


623 


522 


464 


23« 


478 


226 


1,158 


1,034 


1,220 


946 


707 


229 


566 


367 


413 


377 


440 


347 


1,210 


1,390 


1,472 


1,131 


207 


215 


274 


163 


1,178 


964 


1,661 


682 


687 


651 


719 


624 


199 


146 


242 


111 


503 


333 


454 


370 


358 


560 


416 


482 


650 


1,003 


918 


728 


953 


404 


809 


494 


833 


670 


945 


665 


348 


434 


261 


648 


650 


383 


512 


471 


725 


807 


767 


241 


403 


425 


464 


866 


1,098 


1,074 


1,162 


975 


329 


412 


187 


636 


671 


624 


744 


604 


549 


668 


669 


651 


2,664 


8,168 


8,870 


8,647 


672 


754 


806 


616 


1,280 


1,050 


1,889 


960 


1 30,392 

1 


28,615 


33,900 


24,676 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



205 



Republican Primary Vote of North Dakota, 1908. — Cont'd. 



Counties 



Commissioners of Railroads. 



c 
o 

M 
U 

c 

< 



1^ 






« 

OB 

c 

u 



(4 



c 



c 
o 

u 



Auams 

Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau . . . 
Bowman .... 
Burleis^ .... 

\.^a9S • • • » • I 

Cavalier .... 

Dickey 

Dunn 

Eddy 

Emmons .... 

Foster 

Grand Fks. . 

Griggs 

Hettinger . . . 

Kidder 

LaMotu'e . . . 

Logan 

McHenry 
Mcintosh ... 
McKenzie . . . . | 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina .... 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

RioUand . . . 

Rolette 

Sargent .... 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 
Towner .... 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams .... 



J 



201 


68 


140 


650 


111 


429 


881 


165 


855 


185 


92 


97 


868 


172 


492 


143 


24 


90 


461 


229 


185 


1,233 


398 


875 


833 


87 


682 


620 


286 


480 


80 


30 


33 


848 


50 


448 


227 


154 


184 


218 


71 


216 


1,182 


206 


806 


158 


33 


98 1 


135 


42 


67 1 


217 


1 121 


133 > 


528 


143 


408 


151 


134 


66 


852 


199 


647 


149 


112 


103 


29S 


78 1 


159 . 


966 


185 


291 


84 


23 


26 


493 


187 


243 


667 


118 


558 


58 


31 


34 


251 


87 


164 


427 


75 


309 


919 


145 


'402 


505 


156 


308 


586 


149 


382 


336 


93 


226 


443 


126 


297 


157 


82 


89 


488 


91 


844 


807 


236 


655 


321 


82 


144 


717 


86 


521 


675 


120 


440 


2,485 


593 


1,624 


599 


157 


480 


794 


251 


493 



652 
161 
189 

86 

83 
242 
123 
393 

65 
181 
178 
241 
133 J 
538 
207 
172 
1,573 

97 
356 
161 

64 
136 
166 
422 
869 
290 
164 
228 
202 
113 
550 
152 
180 
191 
1,372 
397 
669 



162 


l/5> 


337 


640 


487 


451 


291 


224 


563 


444 


110 


96^ 


792 


408 


1,731 


645. 


419 


187 


157 


201 


109 


94 


169 


148 


288 


208 


166 


120 


646 


694 


66 


148 


218 


167 


307 


211 


218 


24a 


375 


170- 


710 


681 


650 


169 


243 


196^ 


869 


601 


386 


95 


1,413 


534 


353 


289 


283 


70' 


345 


169 


172 


1 261 


579 


416 


810 


1 89» 


469 


612 


235 


198 


231 


806 


664 


176 


146 


263 


715 


483 


258 


20& 


161 


567 


197 


489 


1,442 


1,881 


469 


401 


616 


844 



Total 28,391 



6,087 f 15,657 



13,376 19,181 15,667 



206 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Republican Primary Vote of North Dakota, 1908. — Cont'd. 



Counties 



Commissioners of Railroads 



c 

u 

o 

.o 
en 

o 






c 

< 



c 
6 






0) 



en 



Adams 

Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau 

Bowman 

Burleigh 

Cass « 

Caralier 

Dickey 

Dunn 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Fks 

Griggs 

Hettmger 

JKjdder 

LaMoure 

Lo<ran 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McKenzie 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

ivamsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

StarW 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 

Total 



199 
335 
289 
306 
456 
101 
676 
1,631 
343 
138 
135 
189 
269 
119 
899 

63 
266 
234 
185 
342 
461 
431 
166 
417 

71 
808 
330 

74 
300 
124 
303 
310 
394 
170 
200 
851 I 
143 
620 
181 
216 
156 
1,100 
230 
474 



162 
292 
289 
189 
512 

66 

658 

1,660 

788 

107 

67 
132 
275 
148 
568 

67 
165 
236 
214 
208 
592 
382 
199 
517 

93 
578 
867 

74 
397 
129 
402 
364 
462 
201 
216 
458 
147 
767 
239 
199 
187 
1,292 
321 
405 



75 
215 
274 
103 
227 

26 
273 
446 

94 

92 

41 

56 
104 

73 
407 

90 

56 
112 
126 
149 
867 
110 
164 
272 

66 
265 
186 

82 
108 
164 
238 
235 
848 
101 
185 

86 
148 
284 
119 
266 
226 
981 f 
266 
888 



SOI 
508 
622 
165 
773 
121 
418 
986 
747 
610 

64 
802 
224 
226 
786 

87 
118 1 
227 
611 
117 
662 
144 
180 
842 

90 
814 
627 

88 
241 
288 
445 
394 
369 
284 
355 
148 
886 
946 
212 
844 
412 
1,839 
466 
466 



119 
294 
545 
134 
878 

48 
248 
448 
110 
148 

48 

67 
136 

91 
484 
119 

86 
134 
189 

97 
499 
186 
126 
318 

83 
219 
216 

48 
123 
6.1 
318 
261 
.291 
171 
188 

94 
218 
269 
174 
819 
281 
1,247 
811 
669 



14,994 



15,789 



9,019 



18,670 



10,847 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



207 



SECOND PRIMARY VOTE FOR REPUBLICAN U. 8. 
SENATOR, NOVEMBER 3, 1908. 









^ 
















ft 




Tt 


a 


J3 
m 






S 


u 






c 


^ 




County 


o 


• 






• 


• 

m 

O 






• 

1^ 


H 


Adams 




293 


613 


Barnes 




1,096 


1,390 



Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau 

Bowman 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Dunn 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Hettinger 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McKenzie 4 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom ; 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 

Total 



1,021 
356 

1,227 
231 
793 

2,124 
815 
365 
293 
494 
580 
275 

1,960 
566 
383 
461 
565 
399 

1,344 
410 
365 

1,623 
226 

1,538 

1,273 
198 
864 
776 

1,147 
727 

1,386 
682 
679 
648 
874 

1,042 
554 

1,825 

1,166 

3,853 
689 

1,618 



919 
640 

1,137 
349 
987 

2,095 

1,163 

1,115 
142 
299 
676 
431 

1,346 
214 
330 
397 
931 
446 

1,294 
603 
493 

1,520 
314 
934 
340 
305 
785 
377 
837 
974 
559 
560 
726 
421 
265 

1,502 
625 
301 
776 

4,231 
875 

1,295 




36,432 



Note — No republican candidate having received a majority of all the 
votes cast at the primary election June 24, 1908, a second primary 
election between the two highest candidates was held November 3, 
1908, as provided by law. 



208 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 






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STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



209 



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STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



211 



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212 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



OFFICIAL VOTE OF NORTH DAKOTA 

(November 8, 1908.) 



County 



PRESIDENT. 



Taft 



Bryan 



Debbs 



Chafin 



Hisgen 



Adams 

Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau 

^3o nrZzian •....• ....«• 

Burleigh 

Cass ^ 

w3 v311Ca •■•••• •••••• 

Dickey 

Dunn 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Hettinger 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McKenzie 

McLean 

Morton 

Nelson 

Pembina 

Pierce , 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Sterk 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



X OLSI ...... ..... 



577 

1,786 

1,363 

768 

1,951 

451 

1,375 

3,681 

1,528 

1,062 

373 

540 

951 

569 

2,740 

605 

568 

769 

1,104 

711 

1,772 

927 

574 

2,273 

430 

2,021 

1,225 

325 

1,389 

884 

1,480 

1,308 

1,864 [ 

811 

1,012 

922 

881 

1,777 

867 

1,207 

1,751 

5,286 

1,243 

1,979 



201 


21 


19 


996 


85 


60 


558 


80 


64 


236 


21 


17 


1,146 


140 


44 


209 


15 


7 


660 


87 


17 


2,000 


94 


106 


1,190 


82 


24 


633 


80 


17 


160 


8 


1 


368 


6 


16 


618 


14 


10 


434 


6 


7 


1,750 


153 


180 


493 


18 


51 


181 


9 


10 


242 


26 


28 


553 


19 


28 


143 


16 


8 


1,296 


65 


82 


140 


4 


1 


212 


46 


7 


927 


98 


61 


96 


2 


2 


873 


67 


14 


616 


60 


17 


179 


3 


18 


1,185 


17 


50 


610 


28 


18 


1,072 


72 


27 


581 


11 


86 


1,502 


14 


60 


529 


99 


24 


576 


38 


20 


496 


19 


7 


366 


17 


18 


1,344 


24 


46 


656 


59 


18 


490 


S3 


97 


1,641 


117 


80 


8,163 


663 


198 


535 


22 


26 


1,084 


223 


87 



1 
1 



6 
1 



2 

1 
2 

2 
1 
2 
1 
1 
8 



2 
1 
1 
1 
6 
1 
3 




STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



213 



Official Vote of North Dakota, 190a— Continued 

REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS. 



County 



f^ 



S 

a 

o 
u 

O 



f^ 



i 



u 



u 

o 

*c7 

o 



1 


5 


u 




V 


M 


o, 


C 


8 




u 


V 




» 


.a 




u 


Q 


rt 




u 


m 


^ 


Ui 



Adams . . . 
Barnes . . . 
Benson . . . 
Billings . .. , 
Bottineau . . 
Bowman . . 
Burleigh . . 

Va^ttSS • • • • • 

Cavalier . . 
EHckey . . . 
Dunn ... . 

Eddy 

Emmons . . 
Foster . . . . 
Grand Forks 
Griggs . . . . 
Hettinger . . 
Kidder . . . 
LaMoure . 
Logan . . 
McHenry . . 
Mcintosh . . 
McKenzie . . 
McLean . . 
Mercer . . . 
Morton . . 
Nelson . . . 
Oliver . . . . 
Pembina . . 
Pierce .... 
Ramsey . . 
Ransom . . 
Richland . . 
Rolette . . . 
Sargent . . 
Stark . . . . 
Steele .... 
Stutsman . . 
Towner . . 
Traill ... .. 
Walsh . . . . 
Ward . . . . , 

Wells 

Williams . . 



678 


570 


176 


170 




1,791 


1,728 


866 


857 




1,444 


1,335 


437 


410 


2 


736 


754 


199 


192 




1,919 


1,852 


1,099 


1,092 


21 


419 


378 


224 


184 




1,389 


1,364 


584 


646 


6 


3,458 


4,015 


1,784 


1,687 


28 


1,534 


1,450 


1,166 


1,146 


14- 


1,059 


1,040 


608 


596 


2 


389 


362 


145 


149 




549 


612 


334 


325 


1 


926 


907 


480 


478 




528 


628 


413 


356 




2,753 


2,509 


1,594 


1,506 


44 


589 


563 


514 


488 




526 


567 


155 


155 




779 


769 


180 


170 




1,048 


1,083 


517 


611 




705 


723 


114 


106 




1,788 


1,761 


1,145 


1,122 


8 


943 


940 


98 


96 




584 


631 


168 


156 


10 


2,363 


2,317 


736 


721 


13 


425 


426 


62 


61 


1 


1,980 


1,954 


819 


808 


6 


1,328 


1,261 


592 


581 


29 


327 


324 


156 


166 




1,385 


1,395 


1,141 


1,109 


2 


867 


803 


596 


614 


2 


1,519 


1,445 


1,012 


1,000 


88 


1,320 


1,256 


556 


637 


1 


1,855 


1,835 


1,415 


1,396 


2 


798 


766 


516 


481 


.51 


1,043 


998 


638 


531 


16 


906 


943 


428 


414 


2 


898 


824 


278 


420 


4 


1,706 


1,704 


1,274 


1,244 


5 


882 


844 


584 


566 


18 


1,334 


1,222 


400 


414 


22 


1,670 


1.602 


1,795 


1,596 


69 


6,014 


4,316 


2,237 


2,057 


129 


1,241 


1,267 


457 


420 


9 


2,062 


1,894 


846 


828 


49 



2 

20 

5 
24 

16 
2 



88 



6 

9 
9 
1 
5 
15 

2 

2 

36 

1 

51 

15 

1 

3 

4 

17 

21 

58 

116 

7 

47 



Total .. 



57,357 ( 55,610 ( 29,446 ( 28,448 ( 691 f 688 



214 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Official Vote of North Dakota, 190a— Con tinned 





JUDGE OF 
SUPREME 
COURT 


GOVERNOR 


LIEUTENANT 
GOVERNOR 




« 




• 


m 




■ 


Q 

• 


•g 


County 


••3 
S. 


a 

3 

M 

2 

■ 


o 


m 
• 

1 

pq 

c 


• 
• 

fa 


• 
• 

1 


• 

u 
(« 

• 


o 

u 

6 
o 

•3 




pq 


• 

< 


u 


^ 


.J 


oi 


W 


> 


Adams 


506 


1 


576 


260 




687 


199 




Barnes 


1,927 


4 


1,446 


1,541 




1,716 


1,081 




Benson . . ... 


1,619 


8 


1,126 


949 


2 


1,866 


656 


2 


Billings 


815 




786 


263 




774 


228 




Bottineau . . . 


1,996 


"**22 


1,490 


1,818 


ii 


1,847 


1,277 


22 


Bowman . . . . 


476 




364 


334 




480 


220 




Burleigh . . . . 


1,526 


2 


1,118 


1,094 




1,817 


724 


8 


wttSS •••• •••• 


8,935 


25 


2,787 


3,242 


20 


8,707 


2,006 


23 


Cavalier . . 


1,593 


14 


1,297 


1,520 


11 


1,604 


1,182 


11 


Dickey 


1,109 


2 


962 


830 


2 


1,062 


672 


8 


Dunn • 


406 




418 


166 




396 


169 




Eddy 


606 


i 


894 


594 




642 


871 




Emmons . . 


975 


1 


839 


734 




919 


528 




Foster 


574 




444 


608 




622 


444 




Grand Forks . 


2,936 


44 


1,820 


2,972 


""88 


2,448 


1,980 


48 


Grigg^s 

Hettmger . . . . 


641 




523 


680 




670 


637 




671 




558 


211 




676 


162 




Kidder 


839 




69t 


396 




769 


248 




LaMoure .. .. 


1,138 




985 


824 




882 


848 




Logan 

McHcnry . . . 
Mclntosn .. .. 


785 




708 


169 




724 


120 




1,944 


8 


1,160 


1,856 


2 


1,704 


1,820 


4 


969 


2 


679 


896 




989 


112 




McKenzie . . . 


681 


10 


589 


821 


9 


679 


197 


10 


McLean 


2,463 


10 


1,916 


1,512 


8 


2,282 


925 


9 


Mercer 


445 


2 


420 


138 


2 


481 


80 


1 


Morton 


2,118 


11 


1,746 


1,279 


8 


1,921 


970 


6 


Nelsoi\ 


1,846 


17 


961 


1,039 


16 


1,283 


646 


19 


Oliver 


854 




272 


279 




806 


196 




Pembina . . . . 


1,491 


2 


1,217 


1,453 


2 


1,866 


1,188 


2 


Pierce 


962 


1 


654 


977 


1 


887 


666 


8 


Ramsey 


1,648 


88 


1,141 


1,656 


89 


1,467 


1,080 


40 


Ransom 


1,878 


12 


1,107 


911 


1 


1,280 


687 


1 


Richland . . . . 


1,946 




1,597 


1,901 




1,778 


1,661 




Rolette 


864 


61 


560 


953 


48 


780 


664 


53 


Sargent . . ... 


1,108 


19 


829 


847 


18 


1,004 


606 


16 


oiBi IC • • • • • • « 


956 


8 


896 


699 


8 


025 


466 


2 


Steele 


941 


5 


787 


532 


8 


896 


867 


4 


Stutsman . . 


1,893 


28 


1,462 


1,798 


« 


1,698 


1,412 


4 


Towner 


941 


18 


655 


1,012 


17 


858 


-644 


18 


Traill 


1,898 


22 


943 


959 


22 


1,226 


588 


81 


Walsh 


1,809 


60 


1,494 


2,075 


62 


1,697 


1.728 


56 


Ward 


6,324 


146 


3,873 


6,272 


114 


4,696 


8,089 


186 


Wells 


1,319 


9 


1.004 


879 


4 


1,212 


628 


9 


Williams .. .. 


2,180 


58 


1,668 


1,656 


44 


1,978 


1.068 


40 


Total .. . 


61,886 


646 


46,849 


49,898 


490 


66.727 


88.048 


666 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



215 



Official Vot« of North Dakota, 190e— Continued 





SECRETARY 


OF 












STATE 




STATE AUDITOR 




fii 


Q 




f^ 


Q 


e 


County 


% 

m 

•»4 


• 

e 
a 


i 


1 
2 


in 

o 

3 


• 

1 




10 


«e 




M 


u 


k 






S 


^ 


U 

n 


o 


■ ^ 




V 


a 


.S 


Ui 


fe* 


n 




< 


A 


o 


• 


n 


■ 


Adams 


618 


182 




621 


178 




Barnes 


1,836 


918 




1,846 


844 




Benson 


1,488 


462 


2 


1,486 


427 


i 


Billings 


808 


209 




806 


202 




Bottineau . . . 


1,900 


1,148 


ii 


1,988 


1,187 


12 


Bowman . . . . 


462 


201 




462 


195 




Burleigk . . . . 


1,409 


677 


4 


1,436 


620 


4 


Vi^SS •■•••• •• 


3,729 


1,896 


24 


8,786 


1,840 


96 


Cavalier . . . . 


1,678 


1,162 


13 


1,566 


1,136 


17 


Dickey 


1,124 


607 


2 


1,109 


616 , 


i 


Dunn 


397 


163 




897 


165 




Eddy 


694 


385 




582 


316 


1 


Emmons . . . . 


963 


479 




963 


479 




Foster 


542 


426 




663 


401 




Grand Forks . 


2,741 


1,687 


48 


2,399 


2,097 


46 


Griggs 


606 


498 




607 


506 




Hettinger . . . 


663 


160 




663 


168 




Kidder 


806 


202 




812 


194 




LaMoure . . . 


1,116 


555 




1,124 


627 




LiOgan 

McHenrv . . . 
Mcintosh . . . 


748 


112 




739 


116 


1 


1,883 


1,246 


6 


1,831 


1,186 


6 


947 


109 




946 


105 




McKenzie . . . 


621 


179 


io 


607 


177 


10 


McLean . . . . 


2,316 


989 


10 


2,425 


778 


8 


Mercer , . . ; . 


439 


83 


1 


445 


71 


1 


Morton . . ... 


2,004 


908 


6 


2,052 


864 


5 


I^elson 


1,326 


574 


19 


1,290 


698 


to 


Oliver 


335 


188 




348 


159 


» 


Pembina . . . 


1,444 


1,113 


2 


1,419 


1,125 


i 


Pierce 


887 


644 


2 


914 


622 


2 


Ramsey 


1,600 


976 


87 


1,580 


983 


88 


Ransom 


1,334 


576 


1 


1,336 


565 


1 


Richland . . . 


1,838 


1,471 




1,890 


1,4<3 




Rolette 


862 


495 


*'"*67 


864 


489 


45 


Sargent . . . . 


1,059 


562 


15 


1,054 


547 


15 


Stark 


939 


464 


2 


942 


441 


* 8 


Steele . . • • . • 


932 


305 


3 


943 


286 


19 


Stutsman . . . 


1,831 


1,308 


3 


1,819 


1,306 1 


S 


Towner 


908 


599 


18 


1,040 


639 


16 


Traill 


1,339 


430 


21 


1,341 


897 


24 


Walsh 


1,668 


1,575 


44 


1,773 


1,647 


56 


Ward ,.X . . 


6,613 


2,002 


133 


5,S17 


2,568 


184 


Wells 


1,254 


508 


7 


1.272* 


474 


10 


Williams . . . 


2,128 


957 


48 


2,086 


950 


50 


Total .. . 


69,670 


SO, 130 


557 


59,218 


30,468 


59C 



216 



/ LEGISLSTIVE : MANUAL 



Official Vote of North Dakota, 190a— Continued 



County 




SUPERINTENDENT OF 
PUBLIC INSTRUCTION 



M 


Q 


«-« 




"p 




> 


M 


Jd 


> 


8 


•O 


x/i 


cS 


• 


< 


• 


^ 






c 

o 



M 



Adams . . . 
Barnes . . . 
Renson . . . 
Billings . . 
Bottineau . . 
Bowman . . 
Burleigh . . 

v^aSo • • • ■ • 

Cavalier . . 
Dickey . . . 
Dunn . . . . 

Eddy 

Emmons . . 
Foster . . . . 
Grand Forks 
Grig^ . . . . 
Hettinger . . 
Kidder . . ■ . 
LaMoure . . 
Loo^an . . .. . 
McHenry . 
Mcintosh . * 
McKenzie . . 
McLean . . 
Mercer . . . 
Morton . . . 
Nelson . , . . 
Oliver . . . . 
Pembina . . 
Pierce . . . . 
Ramsey . . . 
Ransom . i . 
Richland . . 
Rolette . . . 
Sargent . . 
Stark . . 
Steele . . . . 
Stutsman . . 
Towner . . . 
Traill . . . . 
Walsh .... 
Ward ... . 

Wells 

Williams . . 





619 


181 




621 


180 . 




1,814 


902 




2,114 


789 




1,479 


442 


8 


1,531 


422 




793 


202 




810 


194 




1,969 


1,142 


22 


2,307 


1,195 




452 


200 


1 


496 


204 




1,405 


643 


3 


1,803 


640 




3,677 


1,881 


83 


4,780 


1,947 




1,552 


1,158 


13 


1,701 


1,142 




1,108 


613 


2 


1,381 


658 




393 


160 




491 


156 




573 


332 


i 


623 


315 




951 


483 




1,042 


459 




552 


428 




580 


400 




2,655 


1,696 


* '49 


3,010 


1,436 




595 


514 




672 


446 




558 


167 




650 


161 




796 


203 




1,022 


196 




1,120 


530 




1,197 


. 615 




736 


118 




805 


119 




1,782 


1,128 


8 


1,913 


1,149 




896 


104 




954 


100 




597 


187 


io 


688 


161 




2,416 


804 


10 


2,599 


794 




449 


76 


1 


447 


67 




1,835 


1,103 


8 


2,085 


849 




1,298 


595 


20 


1,347 


543 




327 


183 




366 


176 


• ■ 


1,423 


1,126 


2 


2,156 


1,400 




908 


622 


2 


1,056 


664 




1,553 


985 


39 


1,956 


1,170 




1,313 


612 


1 


1,703 


657 




1,884 


1,473 




2,324 


1,562 




838 


604 


53 


1,035 


527 




1,057 


654 


15 


1,267 


608 




936 


453 


2 


979 


428 




919 


313 


5 


973 


279 




1,767 


1,353 


4 


1,954 


1,262 




903 


595 


20 


1,172 


641 




1,322 


417 


31 


1,428 


388 




1,743 


1,682 


56 


2,394 


1,646 




4,640 


8,897 


156 


5,542 


2,438 




• 1,264 


478 


7 


1,606 


434 




2,044 


984 


56 


2,200 


880 



1 

8 

S6 
1 
11 
77 
11 
6 



48 
2 



9 

10 

. 1 

9 

19 

8 

2 

81 

6 

1 

60 

18 

2 

S 

3 

19 

21 

56 

188 

11 

53 



Total 



67,911 81,723 



638 ( 67,776 ( 30,312 



666 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



217 



Official Vote of North Dakota, 190a— Continued 





ATTORNEY GENERAL 


COMMISSIONER 
OF INSURANCE 




• 
• 


• 


a 


• 
• 


• 




County 




•5 


u 
9 


■ 




• 

a 




S 

^ 


u 

O 


X/i 


% 
U 


1 


;s 




1 

a 

< 


• 


as 


• 


ta 


9 




d 


u 

< 


u 


• 


t/3 


Adams 


621 


180 




614 


178 


, 


Barnes 


1,990 


763 


i 


1,886 


814 


1 


Benson 


1,616 


427 


2 


1,492 


410 


3 


Billings . . . . 


808 


203 




814 


193 




Bottineau . . . 


2,088 


1,056 


24 


1,976 


1,113 


19 


Bowman . . . . 


459 


207 




466 


185 




Burleigh . . . . 


1,496 


585 


6 


1,608 


561 


5 


V/«iSS • ■ • • • • • 


3.815 


1,801 


27 


8,676 


2,060 


24 


Cavalier . . . . 


1,608 


1,111 


14 


1,541 


1,147 


15 


Dunn 


397 


152 




397 


150 




Dickey 


1,113 


609 


2 


1,108 


601 


6 


Eddy 


608 


316 


1 


606 


302 


1 


Emmons . . . . 


947 


500 




951 


470 




Foster 


543 


417 




564 


405 




-Grand Forks . 


2,849 


1,553 


50 


2,833 


1,579 


45 


Grig^ 


652 


461 




639 


475 




Hettinger . . . 


562 


156 




575 


154 




Kidder 


822 


192 




809 


180 




X>a Moure .... 


1,129 


516 




1,118 


621 




Logan 


734 


118 




732 


114 




McHenrv . . . 
Mcintosh . . . 


1,767 


1,271 


10 


1,880 


1,173 


7 


955 


94 




904 


94 




McKenzie . . . 


616 


172 


9 


627 


167 


9 


McLean . . . . 


2,504 


767 


11 


2,462 


742 


9 


Mercer 


447 


67 


1 


442 


64 


1 


Morton 


2,024 


900 


5 


2,056 


819 


5 


Nelson 


1,821 


568 


20 


1,329 


556 


19 


Oliver 


340 


165 




343 


155 




Pembina . . . . 


1,495 


1,063 


2 


1,419 


1,112 


2 


Pierce 


946 


590 


3 


883 


628 


2 


Ramsey 


1,621 


944 


43 


1,670 


969 


38 


Ransom 


1,338 


564 




1,376 


644 


1 


Richland . . . . 


1.960 


1,456 


i 


1,878 


1,460 




"Rolette 


874 


478 


61 


876 


477 


61 


Sargent 


1,091 


527 


16 


1,071 


541 


15 


5tark 


941 


458 


1 


997 


427 


1 


Steele 


967 


284 


4 


929 


800 


6 


Stutsman . . . 


1,844 


1,289 


3 


1,850 


1,258 


3 


Towner 


940 


566 


18 


909 


565 


16 


Traill ... . ; . 


1,889 


378 


21 


1,348 


888 


21 


Walsh .... . . 


1,862 


1,588 


56 


1,800 


1,606 


56 


Ward 


5,274 


2,531 


262 


6,291 


2,396 


182 


Wells 


1,328 


422 


6 


1,278 


440 


8 


Williams . . . . 


2,101 


929 


65 


2,069 


917 


54 


Total . : . 


60,702 


1 

29,384 


734 


59,737 


29,390 


573 



S18 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Official Vote of 


North 


Dakota, 


1906 — Continued 

• 




COMMISSIONER 


COMMISSIONERS 




OF AGRICULTURE 


OF RAILROADS 




« 


Q 


•§ 


Pi 


« 


Pi 


County 


• 


* 
u 


C 

• 
• 

• 


c 


• 
• 
• 

C 

d 


c 

§ 




i2 
O 


» 


1 


e 
< 




3 ■• 






-4 


55 


. 


. 




• 


a 


? 




• 


■ 




^ 


O 


^ 


o 


^ 


^ 


Adams 


618 


179 




685 


681 


660- 


Barnes 


1,866 


882 




1.771 


1,688 


1,668- 


Benson 


1,474 


458 


2 


1,398 


1,842 


1,307 


Billings 


820 


192 




724 


780 


696- 


Bottineau . . . 


1,964 


1,182 


""ii 


1,^98 


1,841 


1.778 


Bowman . . . . 


464 


186 




409 


417 


40a 


Burleigh . . . 


1,416 


601 


4 


1,856 


1,846 


1.29a 


Vi^SSS ••■• •••• 


8.743 


1,889 


28 


8,681 


8,668 


8,486- 


Cavalier . . , . 


1,568 


1,147 


17 


1,486 


1,493 


1.461 


Dickey 


1,105 


609 


2 


1,062 


1,028 


1,016 


Dunn 


391 


155 




877 


869 


867 


Eddy 


694 1 


313 




647 1 


502 


622 


£mmons • . . . 


960 


474 




906 


903 


880 


Foster 


556 


414 




608 


622 


499^ 


Grand Forks . 


2,776 


1,587 


****42 


2,619 


2,448 


i.248 


Griggs 


607 


490 




589 


666 


649- 


Hettinger . . . 


671 


148 




686 


680 


618 


Kidder 


811 


189 




726 


762 


716 


La Moure . . . 


1,181 


611 




1,068 


1,048 


1,020- 


Logan 

McHenry .. . 
Mcintosh . . . 


742 


114 




707 


710 


684 


1,865 


1,147 


6 


1,786 


1,761 


1.668^ 


962 


96 




940 


989 


982 


McKenzie . . . 


616 


157 


9 


658 


646 


616 


McLean . . . . 


2,466 


768 


10 


2,844 


2,810 


2.886^^ 


Mercer 


447 


64 


1 


422 


447 


408: 


Morton 


2,109 


829 


5 


1,948 


2,072 


1.987 


Nelson 


1,812 


669 


19 


1,268 


1,249 


1.22fr 


Oliver 


852 


166 




298 


866 


28r 


Pembina . . . . 


1,482 


1,117 


2 


1,889 


1,877 


1,878 


Pierce 


905 


632 


2 


845 


861 


811 


Ramsey 


1,559 


1,004 


41 


1,489 


1,470 


1,422 


Ransom . . . . 


1,829 


660 


1 


1,276 


1,247 


1,207 


Richland . . . 


1.902 


1,433 




1,828 


r,802 


1,782^ 


Rolette 


847 


495 


60 


800 


798 


760- 


Sargent . . . . 


1,047 


551 


16 


1,084 


977 


974 


Stark 


952 


487 


1 


fl04 


934 


696 


Steele 


941 


290 


4 


918 


882 


866: 


Stutsman . . . 


1,822 


1,298 


3 


1,684 


1,682 


1,698 


Towner 


766 


808 


15 


864 


862 


887 


Traill 


1,886 


403 


22 


1,807 


1,226 


1,206 


Walsh 


1,782 


1,613 


65 


1,688 


1,679 


1,649- 


Ward 


6,168 


2,566 


182 


4,783 


4,074 


4,066 


Wells 


1,295 


446 


7 


1,209 


1,218 


1,174 


Williams .. . 


2,051 


963 


60 


1,862 


1,820 


1,784 


Total .. . 


69,400 


29,956 


670 


66,118 


64,988 


68,58fV 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



219 



Offioiail Vot« or North DokoU, 19(»-Omtinited 





COMMISSIONERS OF RAILROADS— Continued. 




Q 


Q 


Q 


■§ 


e 


e 




>i 


• 
ft 


^ , 


i-t 


HH 


V-1 


County 


r 

J3 


r 1 


£ 






V 

•§ 




M 


ii 


t/3 


ja 


•g 


«J 




9 
O 

Q 




cJ 


4-* 

8 


B 


I 
^ 




• 


• 


.B 


u 


& 


U 




H 


» 


2 


ri 


fa* 


^ 


Adams 


171 


183 


172 








Barnes 


822 


878 


815 








Benson 


435 


453 


415 


8 


2 


2 


Billings 


194 


186 


180 








Bottineau . . . 


1,117 


1,134 


1,108 


18 


18 


1» 


Bowman . . . . 


203 


199 


186 








Burleigh . . . . 


672 


602 


562 


4 


4 


S 


wStoS •••• •••■ 


1,787 


1,878 


1,774 


24 


24 


24 


Cavalier . . . . 


1,147 


1,155 


1,129 


13 


14 


16 


EHckey 


607 


612 


606 


2 


2 


» 


Dunn 


148 


150 


149 








Eddy 


815 


380 


810 








i:«mmons • * • • 


474 


487 


476 








Foster 


404 


410 


361 








Grand Forks . 


1,562 


1,641 


1,692 


60 


48 


47 


Griggs 


476 


514 


495 








Hettinger . . . 


156 


157 


154 




1 


1 


Kidder 


194 


193 


183 








La Moure . . . 


501 


616 


509 








Logan 

McHenry . . . 
Mcintosh . . . 


114 


113 


106 








1,181 


1,173 


1,147 


7 


6 


9 


94 


94 


93 








McKenzie . . . 


163 


^167 


161 


10 


10 


10 


McLean . . . . 


771 


771 


750 


10 


10 


11 


Mercer 


59 


61 


59 


1 


1 1 


1 


Morton 


808 


794 


795 


5 


' 6 


5 


Nelson 


586 


690 


580 


20 


21 


20 


Oliver 


152 


146 


151 








Pembina . . . . 


1,097 


1,119 


1,102 


2 


2 


2 


Pierce 


597 


602 


674 


2 


2 


2 


Ramsey . . . . 


1,171 


995 


969 


39 


89 


89 


Ransom » . . . 


553 


566 


653 


2 


2 


8 


Richland . . . . 


1,412 


1,465 


1,412 








Rolette 


474 


482 


467 


48 


47 


49 


Sargent 


539 


552 


544 


16 


15 


16 


Stark 


433 


426 


417 


1 


1 


2 


Steele 


283 


299 


277 


8 


3 


4 


Stutsman . . . 


1.116 


1,309 


1,268 


3 


3 


4 


Towner 


593 


588 


564 


17 


17 


17 


Traill 


386 


408 


884 


21 


21 


21 


Walsh 


1,602 


1,619 


1,571 


83 


59 


68 


Ward 


2,450 


2,408 


2,268 


123 


115 


121 


Wells 


424 


442 


433 


6 


6 


7 


Williams . . . . 


952 


941 


875 


47 


67 


63 


Total .. . 


29,245 


29,858 


28,796 


580 


555 


666 



2^0 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Official Vote of North Dakota, 190a— Continued 





To Amend Sec. 89 


To Amend Sec. 158 


To Amend Sec. 




(Judges Supreme 


(minimum price 


162 (Investment 




Court) 


lof state lands) 


of School Fundi 


County 










^ 






Yes 


No 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


No 


Adams 


653 


111 


544 


106 


530 


87 


Barnes 


1,383 


868 


1,416 


664 


1.546 


670 


Benson 


1,143 


412 


1,152 


326 


1,167 


290 


Billings . . . . 


621 


'202 


625 


173 


639 


133 


Bottineau . . . 


1,780 


861 


1,877 


634 


1,912 


680 


Bowman . . . . 


434 


96 


424 


90 


432 


61 


Burleigh .... 


1,060 


344 


1,028 


323 


1,045 


287 


v^clSS • • • • • • • 


2,945 


1,268 


3,120 


925 


3,059 


852 


Cavalier . . . . 


1,274 


941 


1,510 


606 


1,544 


518 


Dickey 


844 


239 


860 


168 


867 


127 


Dunn 


276 


80 


275 


68 


288 


48 


Eddy 


568 


184 


596 


127 


561 


149 


Emmons . . . . 


617 


198 


682 


168 


598 


148 


Foster 


535 


257 


528 


194 


537 


171 


Grand Forks . 


2,040 


1,045 


2,296 


. 791 


2,385 


749 


Grigg^s 


457 


153 


474 


115 


482 


95 


Hettinger . . . 


465 


124 


469 


114 


491 


92 


Kidder 


526 


176 


494 


188 


518 


127 


LaMoure . . . 


993 


344 


1,043 


285 


1,034 


253 


Logan 


355 


168 


408 


115 


408 


91 


McHenry . . . 
Mclntosn . . . 


1,616 


861 


1,749 


686 


1,770 


620 


4«4 


314 


601 


181 


634 


144 


McKenzie . . . 


523 


187 


506 


175 


534 


118 


McLean . . . . 


2,312 


696 


1,867 


538 


2,199 


476 


Mercer 


268 


139 


335 


58 


336 


65 


Morton 


1,494 


493 


1,540 


389 


1,532 


242 


Nelson 


931 


276 


996 


175 


956 


169 


Oliver 


384 


85 


394 


61 


401 


41 


Pembina . . . . 


1,198 


623 


1,282 


476 


1,324 


410 


Pierce 


829 


482 


936 


328 


945 


296 


Ramsey 


1,272 


547 


1,458 


432 


1,499 


357 


Ransom 


968 


319 


1,004 


251 


995 


228 


Richland . . . . 


1,440 


935 


1,607 


739 


1,525 


727 


Rolette 


699 


369 


737 
971 


323 


745 


272 


Sargent 


913 


366 


297 


956 


275 


o X 3i i€ • • • • • • • 


799 


214 


782 


175 


803 


132 


Steele 


523 


192 


553 


123 


644 


112 


Stutsman . . . 


1,544 


829 


1,628 


660 


1,688 


565 


Towner 


862 


334 


843 


330 


825 


537 


Traill 


854 


457 


935 


324 


987 


271 


Walsh 


1,404 


799 


1,529 


565 


1,561 


407 


Ward .... . . 


4,641 


1,879 


4,861 


1,513 


4,872 


1,346 


JVclls 


1,058 


848 


1,132 


249 


1,131 


220 


Williams . . . . 


1,867 


769 


1,934 


675 


2,048 


610 


Total .. . 


47,732 


20,584 


50,001 


15,903 


60,793 


13,968 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



221 



VOTE BY PRECINCTS IN EACH COUNTY, 1908. 

ADAMS. 



Precinct 



Representatives in 


Congress 


PES- 

• 


• 


Q 


Q 




a 


• 


• 






l-H 


l-H 




• 
• 
■ 






• 
• 


• 
• 


o 


M 


c« 


U 


o. 


c 


o 

• 


• 


(3 

• 

Q 
« 

.2 


o 

c3 


o 

a 

M 

o 

C 


u 

w 

• 


*« 1 


o 


■ 


u 


• 


< 


^ 


H 


o 


(X4 


w 



Governor 




•U. S. 
Senator 



S ^ 
S « 
•o « 



Bentley . . 
Stover . . 
Missouri . . 
Prairie . . , 
Gilstrap . . 
Cook .... 
Chandler . . 
Kansas Qty. 
Clennent. . 
Reilly . . . 
Cedar 2d Dist 
Lampi . . . 
Upper D Z 
Reeder .... 
Bucyrus . . 
Wolf Butte 
H. Jost 129-98 
Hettinger . 
Harmony . . 
Schvebly . . 



24 

47 
36 
26 
24 
16 

5 
16 
31 
46 
40 

6 
15 
72 
20 
41 
13 
49 
28 
23 



24 
53 
36 
26 
25 
14 

8 
16 
29 
42 
38 

5 
15 
69 
18 
41 

8 

51 
29 
23 



6 

18 

10 

17 

12 

2 

8 

10 

7 

9 

7 

1 



26 
2 
7 
2 
7 
14 
11 



6 

18 
9 

17 

12 
2 
7 

10 

7 

8 

• 7 

1 






28 

48 
35 
27 
27 
17 

7 

16 

27 

53 

^ 42 

7 
16 
71 
17 
40 
11 
36 
29 
26 


7 

22 

13 

19 

11 

2 

8 

11 

14 

20 

8 

2 

5 

87 

6 

15 

5 

32 

19 

10 




13 
24 

10 
17 

7 
7 

• ■ • • 

16 

86 

33 

25 

4 

9 

63 

13 

41 

7 

41 

32 

20 










































24 
3 

7 

2 

7 

15 

10 

























Total 578 5701 176 



170 



575 



261 



293 



14 
82^ 
82 
80^ 
81 
15 
18 

9 

5 
34 
24 

8 
10 
41 
1» 
12 

8 
24 
15 
1^ 



518 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By PreclnoU, 1M8. — Cont'd. 
BARNES. 



I Coogreji Govtrnor 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



223 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

BARNES— Continued. 





Representatives in 


Congress 


Governor 


♦U. S. 
Senator 




• 


em 

m 


Q 







a 


em 

• 


Q 


c 


cm 

• 


em 

m 




• 








i-t 


t-H 


• 




t-4 


• 


• 


Precinct 


• 

c 
a 


• 
• 
• 


(0 


u 


9> 


• 

C 




• 
• 
• 
• 




• 

e 
S 


• 




O 

Wi 


d 


u 


o 
'I? 


8 


"S 


c 

r4 


^ 


> 


J3 






• 
V 

< 


• 


• 

Q 

09 


6 

m 


u 

09 

u 

C 
ft 


Q 


o 

• 

< 


u 

c 

O 


O 

Q 

• 

•-1 


• 
• 


• 


No. 45 


178 

115 

44 


172 

115 

41 


44 
34 
23 


55 
32 
28 






121 
83 
34 


117 
82 
48 




76 
44 
21 


138 


No. 46 






100 


No. 47 




■ 


40 


No. 48 


54 
35 


49 
35 


27 
31 


31 
17 






41 
22 


58 
45 




27 
22 


68 


No. 49 


. ..'. 




34 


No. 60 


86 
43 


77 
40 


38 
7 


38 

8 






51 
34 


68 
19 




11 
40 


72 


No. 61 






13 










Total 


1791 


1728 


855 


857 


• • • • 


• • • « 


1445 


1541 


• • ■ • 


1096 1890 



224 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1906.— K3ont'd. 

BENSON. 



Precinct 



RepresentatiTes in Congress 



It 

a 

o 

u 

o 



M 
< 



a 
a 

I-} 





• 
• 


13 


u 


O 


o 


m 


c7 


Q 


?E 


« 




1 


6 


o 


• 


H 


o 






I 



10 






o 



Governor 



i 

O 



< 



u 

3 

pq 

a 
.a 

o 



.a 



o 
Q 



•U. S. 

Senator 



ca 



a 

o 

0) 

c 

O 






pes 
H 

M 
m 
u 
CO 



Aurora . . . 
Albert . . . 

Arne 

Broe .... . 
Butte Valley 
Beaver . . . 
Eldom . . . . 
Esmond 
Hesper . . . 
Irvine . . . . 
Isabel .... 

Iowa 

Impark . . . 
Knox .... . 
Leeds .... 
Lake Ibsen 
McClellan . . 
Normanda . . 
North Viking 
Pleasant Lake 

Riggin 

Rich Valley . 
South Viking 
Twin Lake 
West Antelope 
West Bay ... 
Wood Lake . 
Warwick . . . 

York 

Leeds City . 
Brinsmade . 
Minnewaukan 
village . . . 
North Fork . 
Plainview . . 

Totten 

Southside . . 
Mishion . . 

Minco 

Graham's Isl'd 
Oberon 



86 
36 
32 
80 
28 
83 
40 
99 
39 
23 
35 
16 
30 
45 
40 
22 
21 
55 
94 
99 
23 
26 
26 
19 
38 
22 
8 
26 
57 
88 
27 

80 
8 
37 
27 
18 
37 
13 
8 
73 



B4 
27 
26 
23 
22 
30 
36 
99 
86 
20 
33 
14 
26 
44 
89 
15 
19 
49 
81 
29 
20 
25 
27 



27 
59 
72 
26 

8l| 
8| 

84 

28 

19 

85 

12 
9 

72 



6 

12 

1 

5 

7 

4 

3 

28i 

11 

12 

5 

9 

11 

30 

11 

5 

4 

5 

10 

18 

13 

4 

12 



18' 10 
34 
21 
6 



2 
4 
13 
16 
30 
83 
14 

14 
7 

14 
7 
6 
8 
8 
3 

27 



6 
13 


2 


2 


82 

17 
33 
21 
18 
29 
86 
74 
34 
22 
37 
13 
18 
29 
34 
17 
17 
53 
78 
15 
19 
22 
19 
12 
85 
19 
6 
17 
47 
54 
14 

67 
6 

81 

19 
9 

84 
9 
8 

62 


14 
89 

7 
17 
21 

8 
11 
70 
21 
16 
•9 
14 
27 
52 
17 
10 

8 

9 
45 
87 
19 
10 
24 
17 

4 
11 
17 
80 
67 
82 
29 

45 
19 
23 
17 
17 
12 
7 
4 
68 


2 

• • • • 


80 
49 
27 
33 
30 
20 
29 
55 
26 
29 
80 
19 
25 
40 
37 
11 
12 
50 
70 
22 
18 
6 
86 
16 
18 
12 
12 
15 
53 
75 
21 

46 
6 

11 
6 

6 
4 

3 
27 


1 






6 






4 






4 






8 






29 

n 






11 






5 






9 






9 






25 






11 






6 






4 






5 
12 
14 
14 






8 






10 

2 

5 






11 






14 






24 






28 
9 






13 

8 






16 






6 






5 






10 






4 






3 






26 













14 

8 
16 

5 

8 
17 
21 
83 
32 

8 
15 

8 
19 
80 

9 

5 
14 

5 
41 
26 
16 
27 

6 
16 
24 
14 

2 
20 
40 
49 
15 

64 
25 
87 
80 

12 

12 

9 

80 



Total 



1444 



1335 



437 



410 



2 



1126 



949 



1021 



919 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



225 



Vote By PreoincU, 1908. — Cont'd. 

BILLINGS. 





• 

Representatives in 


Congress 


Governor 


♦u. s. 

Senator 


Precinct 


• 
• 
• 

1 

o 

5 


• 
• 
• 
• 

• 

i 

• 


Q 

• 
• 

6 

• 

Q 
« 

1 


u 
O 

d 

• 

o 


• 
• 

1 

1 


•s 

•c 

• 

(si 


• 
• 
• 

o 


• 
• 
■ 
• 
• 
• 
• 

•a 

n 

a 


e 
Be 

a 

fa 


fA 

• 
■ 
• 

• 
• 


fA 

• 

1 

fa 


Knife River 


17 
10 
19 

. 27 
65 
65 

131 
34 
52 
31 
12 
43 
29 
9 
14 
25 
8 
10 
11 
31 
18 

15 
21 

21 

17 
11 


1 

9 
19 
26 
63 
72 
135 
37 
58 
33 
14 
46 
82 
11 
15 
26 
8 
10 
11 
82 
17 

15 
12 

19 
17 
15 


1 
8 

8 

8 

14 

10 

30 

4 

19 

11 

5 

12 

4 

6 

4 

6 

8 

7 

12 

5 

1 

6 
5 

6 

4 
6 








17 
12 
19 
29 
63 
67 
187 
37 
56 
35 
10 
55 
81 
18 
16 
24 
7 
11 
10 
26 
18 

13 
24 

22 
18 
13 


1 
8 

10 

18 

17 

15 

86 

4 

29 

12 

9 

12 

8 

6 

5 

9 

6 

8 

15 

10 

1 

9 
5 

7 
4 
9 


• ■ ■ • 

• • • • 

• > • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • « 

• • • • 
« • • • 

• • « • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • ■ 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• ■ • • 

• • • • 

• ■ • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

■ • • • 

• • • • 

• « • • 

• • • ■ 


7 

5 

16 

28 

21 

88 

51 

15 

16 

12 

9 

17 

9 

7 

8 

10 

5 

11 

8 

11 

17 

10 
18 

10 
7 
6 


14 


fi x 


1 

8 

10 

18 

10 

26 

4 

16 

11 

5 

10 

5 

6 

4 

6 

4 

6 

12 

5 

1 

6 
5 

7 
4 

7 






9 


Rocky Ridge . 
Fryburg . . . . 
Green Kiver .. 
Sentinel Butte 




• • • • 


12 

16 




• • • • 


61 
89 


Be3ch • • • . • . 






120 


Medora . . ... 






16 


Lonetree . . 






70 


Marmarth . . . 






81 


Mikkelson . 






11 


Saddle Butte 






48 


Yule 






27 


Alpha 

Stoddard 






11 






19' 


Elk Creek 






SI. 


Woodmi^i . . . 
Pullins 




• • • • 


6 
0- 


Carroll 






41 


Moord 






19« 








8- 


McQuillan . . . 

LJovi*^ ... ... 






18: 


Rainy Butte . 
Mineral 

Springs . . . 






Ui 






IS* 






16^ 


Roberts . . . . 






11 






, 






Total 

• 


736 


75'. 


1 
199 

1 


192 


• • • • 


• • • • 


785 


268 


• • • • 


856 


640 



-1 — 



226 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By -Ppeclncts, 1908. — Cont'd. 
BOTTINEAU. 



' 


Representatives in 


• 

Congress 


Governor 


•u. s. 

Senator 


Precinct 

• - 


• 
• 

C 

c 
o 
t-l 

O 

• 

< 


on 

• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

c 
a 

tS 

• 

►J 


P 

• 
• 

U 

• 

P 

Xi 

o 
H 


P 

u 
Q 

'rt* 

d 

• 

o 


Ml 

• 

U 

ti 

a 

o 

o 

U 

u 
C 

u 


a 

Ml 

• 
• 

c 

u 

t-l 

• 

p 


Pi 

• 
• 
• 

c 
o 

CO 

C 

ji 

o 

M» 

< 


P 

• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

u 

« 

o 
t— » 


c 

Ml 

• 

i4 


• 
• 

c 


en 

G 

• 


m 
• 
• 

CO 

a 

• 
■ 


No 1 . . 


46 
68 
49 
85 
47 
46 
107 
25 
75 
20 
50 
31 
21 
14 
61 
48 
41 
24 
28 
18 
26 
x5 
15 
7 
33 
25 
26 
60 
34 
28 
41 
18 
26 
23 
56 
75 
25 
39 
36 
24 
29 
13 
37 
25 


39 
62 
46 
27 
44 
42 
123 
24 
91 
22 
4 1 
27 
20 
16 
46 
43 
22 
23 
25 
16 
26 
14 
14 
12 
29 
20 
34 
59 
34 
25 
39 
17 
26 
22 
52 
77 
23 
38 
34 
25 
25 
13 
40 
22 


13 

4 

8 

23 

10 

5 

61 

18 

53 

29 

13 

22 

21 

14 

19 

56 

8 

2t> 

')•> 
^<* 

21 

15 

8 

•23 

16 

19 

16 

21 

30 

18 

6 

8 

18 

10 

16 

22 

55 

16 

11 
16 
26 
7 
25 
30 
24 


13 
4 
9 
26 
12 
9 
59 
18 
44 
25 
13 
23 
22 
14 
22 
58 
9 
20 
20 
21 
15 
8 
23 
18 
23 
14 
21 
28 
21 
9 
8 
15 
10 
13 
20 
56 
15 
12 
14 
26 
7 
25 
29 
25 






31 
58 
40 
28 
32 
36 
81 
16 
62 
15 
48 
24 
17 
12 
48 
30 
41 
19 
24 

6 
23 
14 

9 
10 
20 
19 
24 
47 
24 
19 
38 
17 
20 
22 
36 
59 
16 
29 
33 
23 
19 
10 
28 
21 


31 
16 
20 
35 
29 
20 
111 
27 
79 
42 
17 
29 
31 
21 
42 
81 
23 
29 
32 
35 
19 
14 
31 
21 
39 
29 
34 
50 
31 
26 
12 
23 
21 
20 
45 
90 
32 
22 
19 
31 
19 
33 
47 
30 


"2 

"i 
"2 

"i 


39 
58 
50 
28 
41 
44 
52 
11 
32 
19 
39 
17 
18 

8 
60 
20 
28 

4 
20 
12 
21 

8 
11 

5 
30 
12 
10 
37 
16 
29 
28 

6 
11 
19 
18 
49 
26 
13 
17 
11 
18 
15 
16 
16 


12 


No. 2 

No. 3 






12 

3 


No. 4 

No 5 






5 
14 


No. 6 

No. 7 


2 


2 


7 
79 


No 8 






13 


No. 9 

No. 10 

No. 11 

No. 12 


'"i 




67 
20 
12 
12 


No 13 . . 






10 


"No. 14 






7 


No 15 






13 


No. 16 

No. 17 






26 
21 


No. 18 

No. 19 

No. 20 

No. 21 

No 22 ... 


3 


3 


22 
21 
27 
15 
9 


No 23 






24 


No. 24 






12 


No. 25 

No 26 . . . ^ . 







13 
25 


No 27 


" • • • 




20 


No. 28 

No. 29 

No. :30 

No. 31 

No 1 32 


1 


1 
"6 


46 
22 
14 
24 






13 


No. 88 

No 34 






18 
15 


No 35 






48 


No 36 






41 


No. 37 

No. 38 

No. 39 

No. 40 

No 41 ... 


1 


1 


28 
30 


:;:: 




17 
29 
13 


No. 42 

No. 43 

No. 44 


1 
1 

« • • • 


"i 

• • • • 


9 
29 
12 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



227 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

BOTTINEAU— Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



Pi 



c 
o 

u 

o 



< 



a 



G 
C 



(A 

U 






o 

d 
o 



c 



a 
o 
o 
U 
en 

u 

C 






c 

a; 







•u. s. 

Senator 



P< 



M 



No. 45 

No. 46 

No. 47 

No. 48 

No. 49 

No. 50 

No. 61 

No. 52 



47 
71 
57 
•29 
18 
77 
26 
4 


46 
69 
52 

19 
21 
71 
24 
8 


33 
31 
20 

8 
36 
51 
15 

9 


35 
30 
19 
9 
34 
46 
12 






35 
53 
39 
22 
18 
51 
23 


49 
59 
39 
14 
41 
84 
23 
21 


• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 
« • • • 

4 

• • • • 

• • • • 


34 
39 
34 
17 
10 
31 
15 
8 


• • • • 


• • • • 










5 


5 


11 













22 

41 
28 
18 
23 
52 
10 
9 



Total . 



1919 



1852 



1099 



1092 21 20 1490 



1818 



17 



1227 1137 



228 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precinots, 1908.— Cont'd. 
BOWMAN. 





Representatives in Congress 


Governor 


•U. S. 
Senator 


Precinct 


• 

• 

• 

c« 

a 
e 
o 
u 

O 

• 

< 


OH 

• 
• 

9 
• 

• 

• 


• 
• 

• 

Q 

m 

.9 

{2 


o 

:^ 

• 

o 


c 

• 
• 

8- 
6 

CO 

•s 

d 


c 

• 
• 

bo 

.S 

*C 

u 

• 

Q 


OS 

• 
• 
• 

c 
c 

•§ 

• 

< 




• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

u 
9 

n 

c 

o 


e 
be' 

a 

-5 


04 

• 
• 

a 

o 
m 

S 

• 
• 


• 
• 
• 

u 
ft 

• 


Scranton . . 


80 
102 
25 
81 
18 
15 
45 
87 
66 


72 
97 
25 
S7 
16 
15 
45 
43 
56 


88 

40 

9 

14 

8 

6 

28 

28 

82 


86 
85 
11 
15 
9 
5 
19 
25 
80 






66 
93 
22 
28 
13 
11 
43 
86 
57 


69 
74 
15 
82 
18 
9 
84 
88 
50 




60 
60 
17 
16 
9 
16 
27 
18 
84 


64 


Bowman . . 






74 


Griffin 






18 


Rhame . .t . . . 
Beaver 






85 
18 


Candle 






1 


Woodman Hall 






48 


Haley 

Whitings . . . 






89 






62 








Total 


419 


405 


192 


184 




364 


884 


• • • • 


281 S4ft 













STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



229 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 
BURLEIGH. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



It 

a 
o 
u 

O 



s 

e 

•J 



t 



m 

.a 

o 
H 



o 

...» 

m 

6 
o 



a 






u 

s 

fa 



a 



60 

e 
... 

Wi 

u 
it 



U 



Governor 



.a 
o 



< 



PQ 

e 
.a 
o 



a 



o 
fa 



♦U. S. 
Senator 



oi 



o 



2 



.£} 

(0 

u 
fa 



Wild Rose ... 
Long Lake . . 
Morton . . ... 

Telfer 

Missouri . . . . 
Fort Rice . . . 

Lincoln 

Apple Creek . . 

Boyd 

Logan 

White 

Thelma 

Driscoll . . . . 
Sterling . . . . 
McKenzie . . . 
Mcnoken . . . . 

Gibbs 

Hay Creek . . 
River View . . 
Burnt Creek . 
Naughton . . . 
Frances . . . . 
Sibley^ Butte . 
Christiana . . 
Clear Lake . . 
■Dee .... .... 

Lsrman 

Trygg 

Cromwell . . . 

Crofte 

Glenview . . . 
Painted Woods 
Ecklund . . . . 

Ghylin 

Highland . . . 

Linden 

Harriett . . . . 
Phoenix . . . . 
Richmond . . . 
Andrews . . 
Estherville . . 
Grass Lake . . 
Hawkeye . . . 
Pleasant View 



21 
26 
10 

7 
18 
13 
22 
13 

9 
10 
12 
18 
41 
26 
22 
15 

7 
11 

5 
15 
17 

9 
22 
19 
25 
20 
17 
13 
21 
22 
27 
24 
48 
26 
19 
14 
19 

9 

8 
21 
22 
29 
22 
24 



17 
27 
12 

7 
18 
12 
28 
12 

9 
10 
14 
14 
44 
25 
21 
13 

7 
14 

5 
18 
15 

9 
18 
19 
19 
19 
16 
18 
21 
18 
28 
24 
43 
28 
20 
15 
19 

8 

8 
20 
17 
27 
20 
22 



6 
7 
9 
8 
8 
8 

15 
4 
8 
8 
7 
5 

18 
8 

16 
7 

13 

12 
5 

12 
4 

10 
9 

10 

14 
5 
9 
4 
9 

16 
8 
6 

27 

33 
8 
2 
2 
6 
8 
2 

10 
8 

11 
4 



6 
7 
9 
8 
8 
9 
13 
4 
3 






20 

27 

9 

6 

9 

10 

17 

9 

10 

6 

12 

18 

31 

24 

15 

12 

2 

3 

4 

10 

11 

6 

15 

15 

28 

20 

15 

15 

28 

12 

28 

18 

89 

22 

20 

15 

18 

10 

4 

13 

14 

18 

17 

24 


7 

9 

14 

5 

21 

12 

23 

8 

4 

13 

10 

9 

87 

13 

36 

16 

20 

22 

6 

19 

17 

18 

20 

19 

17 

7 

18 

7 

11 

82 

12 

18 

88 

26 

8 

6 

5 

6 

9 

12 

21 

24 

18 

6 


"i 


18 

8 

9 

2 

5 

14 

11 

6 

6 

6 

6 

12 

20 

20 

6 

8 

6 

2 

2 

9 

18 

6 

18 

12 

20 

20 

7 

17 

16 

14 

14 

7 

86 

18 

10 

9 

12 

10 

6 

12 

21 

17 

6 

17 






2 


2 


















7 
4 

15 
8 

17 
8 

13 

11 
5 

13 
3 
9 
7 
9 

12 
6 
9 
8 
9 

17 
4 
6 

28 

18 
8 


















•«• • • 








































* 'i 


"s 


2 
5 
8 
2 
11 
9 
9 
4 
















.... 



12 
22 
11 

6 
28 

6 
21 
11 

8 
18 

6 
18 
42 
14 
22 
15 
18 
80 

9 
11 
14 
11 
16 
14 
14 

5 
18 

6 
16 
27 
18 
24 
22 
81 
16 
10 
11 
17 
14 
16 
16 
21 
24 
10 



230 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

BURLEIGH— Continued. 





Representatives in Congress 


Governor 


•U. S. 
Senator 


Precinct 


• 
• 
• 

C 
C 

o 
u 

O 

• 
M» 

M 

< 


Pi 

C 

c 

• 


P 

• 
• 

>» 
ifi 

• 

Q 

(A 

.2 

o 
H 


o 

d 

• 

o 


a 

M 1 

i 
6 

u 

C 


Ml 

• 

i 

u 
u 

• 
Q 


• 
• 
• 

a 

§ 

.sa 
o 
»-» 

• 

< 


Q 

• 
• 
• 
• 

: 

•a 

PQ 
a 

O 
M» 


•T3 

O 

Q 
.4 


Pi 

• 
• 
• 

c 

O 

M 

c 
.sa 

• 
• 


• 
• 
• 

•s 

hi 

(« 

1^ 

• 


Schrunck . . 


14 
16 
19 

S3 
98 
73 
107 
83 
84 


14 
16 

18 

87 
98 
79 
108 
82 
88 


12 
7 
5 

28 
52 
33 
18 
31 
35 


12 
9 
6 

23 
41 
28 
17 
27 
31 






11 

9 
17 

61 
62 
61 
05 
64 
74 


17 
17 

7 

63 
107 
52 
40 
66 
60 




4 
9 
5 

40 
50 
43 
64 
20 
59 


16 


Florence Lake 






18 


Hazel Grove . 






17 


Bismarck . . 
1st Ward . . 






58 


2d Ward .. 






8S 


3d Ward . . 






51 


4th Ward . . 






22 


5th Ward . . 






10 


6th Ward . . 






60 










Total 


1389 

V 


1364 


684 


545 


5 


6 


1118 


1094 


8 


793 


987 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



Vote By Precincts, 1»B.— Cont'd. 
CASS. 



Dayenport To. 
Davenpari V. 



H'ghiLid " 
Hiri .... 

Hon-e* ,. 



MapLelon To. 
Mapletoo Vil. 
Nofile 



!6 


..}. 


3C 




S3 




It 




IS 




16 




eis 

1 

IT 








3( 





232 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

CASS — G)ntinued. 





Representatives in 


Congress 


Governor 


•u. s. 

Senator 




PES 

• 


OeS 


O 


Q 






PES 

• 


Q 




• 


PES 

• 








• 




»-l 


»-• 


• 


• 


1^ 


• 


• 


Precinct 


§ 

2 


C 

c 


1 


o 
'J? 


• 

u 

a 
o 
o 


ti) 

c 

u 
u 


• 

c 
c 


• 
« 
• 
• 
• 


^ 


• 

c 
o 

CO 

C 


• 
•-« 

JS 

OB 
U 




• 


ft 


• 


1^ 






»^ 


u 

3 

PQ 


o 

Q 


A 






•— > 

< 


PQ 

• 


.53 

j2 


• 

o 




• 


• 

< 

u 

16 
11 




• 

1 


• 


• 


Rochester 


17 
22 


21 
22 


18 

7 


9 
9 


..,',, 1 


16 
24 


8« « 


Rtish River . . 




« • • • 


11 


2f> 


Stanley . . 


89 


83 


48 


66 




■ • • ■ 


69 


72 




80 


24 


Tower 


81 


90 


39 


40 




• • • • 


71 


69 




86 


84 


Walburg . . . . 


68 


70 


8 


10 






66 


28 




31 


45 


^Warren . . ... 


40 
39 
67 
24 


33 
42 

68 
21 


27 

10 

22 

2 


31 

10 

23 

3 






29 
89 
83 
21 


40 

14 

68 

6 




46 
11 

12 
2 


15 


*Watson 






23 


'Wheatland . . 






69 


^iser 






11 7 


Fargo — 
























1st Ward .. 


191 


216 


76 


73 


1 


1 


172 


151 




26 


40 


5d Ward .. 


116 


132 


40 


38 


1 


• • • • 


117 


73 




96 


63 


3d Ward .. 


146 


185 


71 


66 


1 


• • • • 


107 


149 


1 


72 


116 


1st 4th ward 


207 


262 


73 


66 


2 


2 


139 


186 


2 


97 


176 


2d 4tb ward 


179 


230 


103 


96 


1 


2 


140 


196 


3 


eo 


IbS 


1st 5th ward 


167 


212 


86 


77 


2 


1 


139 


167 


• • • • 


86 


168 


2d 6th ward 


148 


167 


83 


76 


1 


1 


94 


164 


2 


79| 101 


«th Ward .. 


133 


163 


94 


84 


4 


4 


112 


167 


4 


110 104 


7th Ward .. 


176 


226 


86 


76 


1 


2 


141 


177 


■ • • • 


188 143 


Casselton — 




















t 


1st Ward . . 


49 
38 


64 
45 


64 
81 


64 
32 






46 
26 


87 
66 


• • • ■ 

• • « • 


27 
19 


2P 


2d Ward .. 


1 


1 


8-2 


3d Ward . . 


37 


63 


89 


43 

1687 






41 


69 


• • • • 


9 


12 










Total 


3468 


4016 


1784 


28 


24 


2787 


3242 


20 


2124 


2095 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



233 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 
CAVALIER. 





Representatives in Congress 


Governor 


•U. S. 
Senator 




OS 

• 


Oi 


a 


1 ^- 


a 




OH 

• 


Q 




Pi 

• 


OH 

• 




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• 




HH 


• 


• 


Precinct 


• 

C 

§ 


08 

g 


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u 

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• 
• 

u 

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o 


• 

c 

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e 
o 


• 
• 
• 
• 
• 


Sk 


• 

a 



s 


1 




• 


& 


■ 

09 


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U 
m 


w 




o 
Q 


^ 


S 




V 


n 


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a 

va 


• 


• 

< 




fa 


^ 


fa . 




< 


• 


o 
H 


• 

o 




ui 


u 


o 


J 


• 

1^ 


• 


Alma 


26 


24 


22 


28 


• • • • 


• • • • 


19 


32 


• • • • 


7 


23 


Banner 


33 


80 


14 


16 


8 


8 


30 


24 


7 


14 


32 


Billings 


28 


24 


9 


9 






25 


15 




18 


IS 


Bruce 


25 


27 


22 


21 






22 


32 




7 


27 


Byron 


19 
23 

47 


19 
18 
46 


14 

7 

72 


13 

7 

69 






16 
25 
42 


21 

6 

78 




17 
18 
26 


14 


Cypress 






18 


Dresden . . . . 






28 


Easby 


39 


37 


19 


19 






80 


29 




8 


48 


East Alma . . . 


36 


32 


28 


28 






24 


40 




25 


24 


Elgin 


29 


29 


34 


33 






27 


37 




10 


16 


Freemont . . . 


42 


43 


37 


38 






38 


43 




69 


22 


tjrey 


16 


11 


12 


13 






12 


16 




6 


14 


<jlenila 


32 


36 


66 


62 






25 


66 




11 


27 


Oordon 


30 


80 


16 


16 


1 


2 


31 


19 


1 


6 


24 


Harvey . . . . 
xxciy •• •••••• 


36 


38 


14 


13 






37 


15 




18 


26 


22 


21 


29 


31 


1 


1 


14 


43 




12 


28 


Henderson . . 


53 


49 


34 


34 






47 


41 




36 


28 


Hope 


89 


85 


39 


39 


1 


1 


82 


48 




61 


84 


Huron 


30 


29 


16 


14 






24 


24 




9 


30 


Langdon . . . . 


18 


13 


32 


33 






15 


31 




5 


30 


Langdon — 
























1st Ward .. 


62 


56 


64 


55 






44 


76 




18 


58 


2d Ward .. 


37 


35 


47 


45 






86 


62 




20 


20 


3d Ward . . 


19 
85 


20 
91 


4 

34 


4 
28 






18 
79 


6 
49 


"3 


8 
62 


12 


Linden 


1 


2 


51 


Loam • . • • • . 


32 
44 
14 
27 
51 


32 
35 
14 
24 
39 


13 
16 
16 
11 
39 


13 
14 
16 
12 
35 






27 
38 
16 
22 
28 


22 
21 
16 
16 
64 




18 
18 

1 

2 

86 


84 


I>oma • • • • • • . 






29 


Manilla . . 






17 


Minto 






27 


Milton Village 






26 


Montrose . . . 


65 


60 


14 


15 


1 


1 


47 


35 




86 


40 


Moscow . . . . 


20 


16 


10 


10 






15 


16 




7 


21 


Mt. Carmel . . 


9 
27 
19 


9 
25 

17 


68 
13 
14 


68 
13 
13 






7 
20 
16 


72 
22 
21 




6 
18 
10 


4 


Nekoma . . . . 






11 


Nekoma Vil. . 






16 


Olga 


90 


86 


49 


49 






72 


67 




29 


76 


Osnabrock . . 


38 


32 


16 


16 






29 


28 




19 


29 


Osnabrock Vil 


39 


41 


21 


16 






39 


28 




22 


25 


Osford 


31 
13 


30 
13 


9 

28 


7 
31 






26 
10 


15 
35 




17 
15 


20 


Perry 






19 


Sarles Village 
Seivert 


38 
20 
36 


36 
20 
31 


21 
12 
37 


17 
11 
39 






30 
18 
29 


32 
16 
43 




10 
18 
16 


28 






21 


South Dresden 






88 


Storlie 


28 


25 


33 


35 


1 




26 


40 




32 


17 


Trier 


16 
8 


16 

7 


86 
28 


36 
28 






15 
8 


43 
28 




16 
3 


81 


Waterloo . . . . 






4 
























Total 


1534 


1450 


1166 


1145 


14 


16 1297 


1620 


11 


816 


1163 



234 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

DICKEY. 





Representatives in 


Congress 


Governor 


•u. 

Sen 

Ci 

• 


S. 
ator 




• 


Pi 


(o 


Q 




a 


Pi 

m 


Q 


a 


on 

• 




■ 








H-l 


1— 1 


• 




l-H 


• 


• 


Precinct 


• 

C 


ci 


(4 


u 


• 

U 


c 


• 

o 

CA 






• 

a 
o 
« 


• 




o 

u 




u 


o 


o 
o 


u 

u 


o 


it 


^ 


c 






• 


CO 


• 

Q 

CO 


1^ 






3 

PQ 


o 

Q 


^ 


1^ 


• 


•—> 


pq 


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O 




• 

Q 


• 

< 


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^ 


fsi 




< 


•J 


o 
H 


• 

O 


u 


U 


u 


O 


• 


• 


H 


Fullerton . . . 


27 


24 


11 


11 


• • • • 


• • • • 


24 


18 


• • • • 


6 


8S 


Forbes 


37 


36 


8 


9 


• • • • 


• • • • 


38 


10 


• • • • 


17 


sa 


Oakes — 
























1st Ward .. 


71 


69 


23 


24 


• • • • 


• • • • 


59 


44 


• • • • 


9 


9& 


2d Ward .. 


53 


54 


35 


32 


• • • • 


• • • • 


47 


48 


• • • • 


26 


46 


3d Ward .. 


47 


46 


46 


43 


1 


1 


41 


65 


1 


37 


52r 


Ellendale— 
























1st Ward . . 


28 


26 


21 


21 


1 


1 


22 


85 


1 


13 


21 


2d Ward .. 


66 
56 
12 
17 
70 


641 

63 

11 

17 

58 


20 
19 
15 
10 
15 


20 
17 
14 
10 
15 






57 
63 
12 
16 
70 


42 
38 
18 
11 
19 




6 
8 
2 
6 
24 


8T 


3d Ward .. 






83 


Riverdale . . 






15 


Valley 

J. R. Valley 
Wright 






14 






65 


24 
10 
11 
19 


24 

10 
11 
19 


13 
13 
30 
20 


13 
12 
11 
20 






24 
12 
12 
16 


16 
12 
12 
23 




25 
2 
6 

10 


16 


Kent .• 






10 


Van Meter 






11 


Ada •••• .«•• 






1^ 


Albion 


10 


9 


15 


16 






10 


16 




8 


T 


Lovell 


37 
25 


37 
25 


21 
4 


21 
4 






34 
22 


24 
8 




12 
2 


S2 


Port Emma . . 






26 


Hudson 


26 
14 
24 
16 


25 

16 
25 
16 


6 

9 

8 

15 


6 

9 

8 

15 






22 
12 
21 
11 


10 
14 
16 
22 




4 
4 

9 

1 


24 


Kinter 






11 


Ellendale 






2^ 


Elden 






14 


Ctflin •••• •••• 


11 
58 


12 
60 


11 
66 


11 
56 






18 

67 


9 
61 




11 
16 


1^ 


spring Valley 
Whitestone . . 






4» 


49 
55 
54 


38 
56 
65 


30 
30 

48 


28 
30 
47 






87 
60 
49 


44 

86 

66 




17 
26 
82 


62 


Merricourt 






6& 


Keystone . . . 






44 


Porter 


40 


41 


44 


43 






89 


62 




16 


64 


Yorktown . . 


23 


22 


7 


6 






20 


18 




6 


86 


Clement . . . . 


45 


44 


13 


12 






41 


21 




9 


64 


Bare Creek .. 


24 


27 


12 


12 






21 


19 
880 


2 


4 
866 


84 


Total 


1059 


1 
1040 


608 


698 


2 


2 


962 


1115 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



235 



Vote By Precincts, 1908.-<k>nt'd. 

DUNN, 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



It 

a 
a 
o 
u 

O 



V 

n 

< 



ci 

C 
C 



CO 

U 



.2 

o 
H 



o 

o 



•T3 



a 
o 

o 
O 

CO 

u 
C 
«S 
u 

fa 



•T3 

o 



Q 



Governor 



(3tS 



c 

o 

tJ 



4> 

u 

PQ 

e 
o 



a 



o 

O 

i4 



•u. s. 

Senator 



(3tS 



e 
o 

o 






08 

.a 

CO 

u 
CO 

fa 



Oakdale . . 
Bailey . . . . 
Halliday . . 
Fayette . . . 
Manning . . 
Fisher . . . . 
N?w Hradec 
Marshall . . 
Paulsen . . 

A^tfC^nrlS • • • • 



. 66 
. 84 
. 89 
. 18 
. 48 
. 14 
. 22 
. 40 
69 
. 66 


68 
38 
84 
17 
43 
13 
22 
86 
68 
68 


32 

9 

14 

6 

7 

17 

28 

14 

10 

13 


84 

9 

13 

6 

7 

17 

28 

16 

10 

16 






66 
41 
40 
17 
42 
16 
28 
42 
66 
68 


89 
16 

18 
8 
11 
16 
17 
16 
9 
17 




88 
38 
84 
6 
21 
27 
20 
17 
60 
82 







































17 
20 
1^ 

12 
8 
2^ 

26 

2& 



Total 



889 



862 



146 



149 



418 



166 



293 U^ 



236 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

EDDY. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



m 
a 
a 
o 
u 

O 



it 

m 

< 



oi 



ft 

a 
a 

•J 



V 

m 
O 



« 

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H 



u 
o 

c« 

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o 



e 



a 
§ 

« 

S 

fa 



a 



bo 






Governor 



C« 



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o 
w 

c 
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o 



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9 

pq 

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.13 
O 



e 



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fa 



♦U. S. 
Senator 



oi 



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• 

«■-< 

c« 

M 

m 
u 
m 

fa' 



• • • • • • 

• • • • • • 

>ur 

• • • • 



New Rockford 

Gates 

Grandfield . 

Munster . 

Sheldon . 

Tiffany . . 

Colvin . . 

Paradise 

Fay 

Pitt 

Superior 

Rosefield 

Rocky Mount'n 

Dutee 

Hillsdale 

Anderson 

Washinp;ton 

Columbia . 



Total ., . 



106 
92 
84 
22 
18 
23 
26 
11 
11 
27 
18 
8 
22 
22 
81 
43 
26 
18 



549 



107 
88 
36 
18 
18 
16 
26 
11 
10 
20 
16 
9 
21 
19 
27 
35 
30 
12 



512 



115 
17 

5 
18 

3 
17 
13 
11 

7 
10 
25 
24 
11 
11 
14 
19 
11 
13 



884 



106 






76 
62 
80 
13 
13 
11 
19 
11 

9 
24 

9 
11 
16 
19 
17 
26 
20 

8 


170 
61 
12 
84 
18 
38 
22 
14 
9 
13 
89 
80 
21 
19 
80 
28 
27 
19 




89 
75 
84 
28 
11 
11 
28 
10 

7 
32 
21 

7 
24 
20 
28 
40 
20 

9 


16 
5 






20 






5 






23 






12 
6 






6 






10 






25 






25 
11 
10 


1 


1 


11 






10 






11 






14 












825 1 


1 


394 


594 


• • • • 


494 



00 
82 

8 
18 
14 
28 
18 
16 
10 

8 
19 

8 
13 
20 
14 
21 

8 



293 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



237 



Vote By Precincts, 1908.— Cont'd. 

EMMONS. 





Representatives in 


Congress 


Governor 


♦u. s. 

Senator 




• 
• 


« 


• 
• 


O 


a 


t-4 


• 
• 


P 

• 

• 




06 

• 


OH 

• 
• 


Precinct 


1 

• 

m 
< 


4 
e 

a 

& 


1 

• 

Q 

•> 
.9 

1 


• 


1 

1 


• 

1 

Q 


• 

a 

o 

• 

< 




• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

1 

n 

a 

1^ 




a 


"5 

1 

• 


Burr Oak , . . . 
Dcnhem 1 1 


48 
34 
47 
38 
54 
49 
29 
56 
36 
42 
85 
25 
12 

8 

76 

102 

4 
47 
87 
26 
42 
83 
83 
18 


40 
36 
44 

37 

54 

48' 

29 

58 

85 

36 

34 

21 

13 

9 
77 
97 

5 
44 
87 
27 
41 
33 
32 
21 


15 
22 
12 

4 

5 
13 

7 
26 
11 

9 
25 

8 
11 
51 
106 
29 
15 
28 
82 

4 
25 
11 
12 

4 


18 
21 
11 

4 

5 
12 

7 
26 
11 

9 
27 

9 
10 
50 
106 
28 
16 
24 
33 

4 
25 
11 
12 

4 






32 
88 
46 
89 
55 
44 
25 
45 
88 
35 
36 
23 
10 
8 
73 

1 

26 
29 
29 
41 
82 
84 
16 


28 
23 
18 
6 
7 
21 
11 
46 
16 
18 
80 
12 
12 
51 
114 
61 
97 
57 
41 
10 
26 
15 
12 
11 




. 24 

.. 84 

84 

.. 17 

27 

26 

.. 19 

44 

.. 28 

.. 22 

.. 19 

.. 18 

4 

22 

39 

.. 61 

2 

.. 80 

.. 14 

.. 10 

.. 86 

.. 22 

.. 80 

9 


84 

18 


Livona 






26 


Gayton 

Hampton . . . 
Braddock . . . 
Cherry Grove 
Hazelton 






27 
29 
22 
18 






80 


Logan 

Tell 

Omio 

McCully .. .. 
Dakem 






16 


• • • • 




80 
86 
20 






84 


Exeter 

Hague 

Linton . . ... 


• • • • 




16 
86 
78 


Strasburg . . . 
Westfield .. . 






21 






80 


Union 

Emmonsburg . . 
Winona 






84 
17 
16 


Putnam . . i . 


.... 




17 


Glenavon . . . 
Buchanan . . 






21 
11 










Total 


926 


907 


480 


478 


• • • • 


• • • • 


889 


743 


• • 


.. 680 


676 



238 



LEGISLATIVE JkfANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1908.— CJont'd. 

FOSTER. 



Precinct 



Representatives in 


Congress 


OS 

• 


> • 


Q 


Q 








• 








Ml 


Ml 


• 

c« 

a 








• 
• 

4> 


^ 


c 


08 


CS 


b 


O. 


a 


o 


a 
c 


O 


o 


O 
O 




O 


iS 


• 


:^ 


U 

0) 




V 


pq 


0) 

.2 


o 


u 

C 
C3 


• 


10 




o 


• 


Wi 


• 


< 


J 


H 


o 


b 


M 



Governor 



OeS 



c 
o 

en 

C 

o 



< 





a 
pq 

o 






o 
Q 



•u. s. 

Senator 



P< 



c 
o 

« 

c 

o 






on 



m 
u 



Eastman . . 
McKinley . . 
Johnson . . 
Bordulac . . 
Melville . . 
Pleasant Valley 
Wyard . . . 
Carrington Tp 
Carrington — . 

1st Ward 

2d Ward 

3d Ward 
Rose Hill . 
Haven . . . 
Roosevelt . . 
Glenfield . . 
McHenry . 
Dewey . . . 
Larrabee . . 
Nordmore . 
Barlow . . 



Total . . 



23 
17 
11 
26 
35 
15 
10 
16 

38 
57 
25 
18 
19 
18 
28 
64 
9 
21 
32 
46 



19 

17 



8 
10 



14' 17 



31 
35 

17 
12 
18 

40 
62 
33 
21 
21 
17 
26 
58 
4 
23 
30 
50 



19 
16 

9 
17 
28 

51 

49 

23 

15 

15 

13 

15 

35 

6 

7 

6 

54 



528 



I 
548< 413 

I 



10 
10 
16 
15 
15 
10 
15 
25 

43 

32 

14 

13 

15 

10 

16 

34 

6 

5 

4 

48 






18 
16 
6 
15 
32 
12 
10 
14 

36 
43 
19 
14 
12 
20 
23 
60 
3 
17 
32 
42 


12 
18 
29 
35 
23 
17 
21 
37 

70 
64 
38 
24 
26 
14 
23 
51 
9 
13 
10 
69 




13 
10 

1 
10 
21 

6 
20 

1 

14 

21 

15 

15 

7 

5 

5 

51 

6 

5 

21 

29 

275 


















































356 






444 


608 


• • • • 







16 
14 
4 
29 
SI 
21 
25 
11 

16 
44 
29 
23 
32 
10 
21 
45 
7 
9 
19 
27 



431 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



239 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — ^^Cont'd. 

GRAND FORKS. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



(3tS 



08 

C 
C 

o 

u 
O 



< 



Ui 



e 
c 






M 

.2 

o 
H 



u 
O 

o 



d 



a 
o 

o 
O 



u 

c 



c 



bo 

.s 

u 

Q 



Governor 



•U. S. 
Senator 



OeS 



c 

O 

(0 

C 
o 






a 
PQ 

c 

o 






o 
Q 



fA 



c 
o 

(A 

c 
o 






OeS 



.a 

M 



Agnes 

Arvilla . . . . 

Avon 

Elm Grove . 
Elkmount . 

Gilby 

Grace 

Hegton . . . . 

Inkster . . . . 

Johnstown . . 
Larimore Tp. 
Lind .... ... 

Logan Center 
Loretta . . . . 

Moraine . . . 
Niagara To. 
Niagara Vil. 
Northwood Tp 
Plymouth . . 
Strabane . . . 
Wheatfield . 
Inkster . . - . . 
Northwood 

City . . 

1st Ward . 

2d Ward . 

3d Ward . 
Larimore City 

1st Ward . 

2d Ward . 

3d Ward . 
Blooming . . 
Falconer . . . 

Ferry ^ 

Lakeville . . 
Levant . . . . 
Turtle River 

Meckinock . 

Grand Forks — 
1st Ward 
2d Ward 
3d Ward 
4th Ward 



28 
88 
41 
28 
27 
76 
42 
28 
20 
34 
17 
49 
30 
58 
26 
24 
18 
70 
28 
24 
21 
88 



46 
19 
68 

83 

51 

53 

28 

9 



22 
34 
32 
28 
21 
76 
42 
27 
20 
34 
17 
45 
25 
56 
23 
28 
14 
55 
22 
26 
22 
37 



89 
15 
42 

83 
44 

47 
20 1 
91 



27 
8 

17 
7 

37 

189 

147 

71 

120 



241 
10 

151 
5 
29 

1981 

1351 

69 i 

1081 



23 
16 

7 
28 
13 
21 

9 

8 
13 
17 
16 

7 
17 

5 
10 
12 
16 
16 
26 
17 
16 
22 



7 
2 
7 

22 
51 
18 
29 
9 



.) 39| 42| 40| 



7 
10 
14 
16 
26 

90 
80 
71 
89 



23 
25 

9 
24 
12 
20 

8 

9 
12 
15 
16 

7 
19 

4 
10 
10 
16 
16 
27 
14 
16 
21 



11 

1 
6 

19 
43 
18 
31 

9 

89 

6 

9 
14 
16 
32 

85 
78 
59 
81 



6 



• • • • 

• ■ • • 


• « • • 

• ■ • • 


8 


8 






• • • • 

3 
6 


« • • • 

2 
6 



13 

26 
24 
10 
8 
65 
28 
21 
17 
29 
11 
36 
16 
30 
20 
16 
10 
54 
15 
15 
16 
21 



31 
13 
36 

17 
38 
31 
22 

8 



46 
82 
81 
51 
36 
48 
22 
17 
18 
28 
23 
20 
39 
85 
19 
20 
23 
40 
36 
28 
28 
44 



28 
11 
80 

47 
71 
45 
44 
11 



1| 31| 67| 



12 


23 


9 


11 


13 


20 


8 


20 


19 


64 


130 


186 


96 


175 


48 


103 


99 


144 



2 
1 



8 



1 
8 
4 



21 
22 
23 
28 
17 
40 
26 

4 
18 
19 

6 
49 

6 
52 
26 
26 
14 
81 
22 
16 
10 
16 



48 
20 
66 

12 
17 
22 
43 
6 



26 
4 

14 
6 

19 

126 

108 

43 

66 



11 

18 

16 

21 

19 

89 

18 

17 

6 

19 

11 

3 

19 

11 

5 

9 

3 

11 

4 

14 

11 

27 



5 
2 
6 

31 
83 
35 
11 

8 



42 11 



8 
7 

14 
3 

14 

181 
87 
48 
88 



240 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

GRAND FORKS— Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



c« 



m 
e 
a 
o 
u 

O 



c« 

C 
C 



V 

m 

S 



n 

.3 

.o 
o 

H 



o 
O 

o 



a 



o 
o 



u 

a 

fa 



e 



60 

a 

I: 

o 



Governor 



C« 



S 

c 

M 

O 






PQ 

a 

M 

o 



e 



o 
O 

fa 



•u. 


s. 


Senator 


OS 

• 


• 


■ 


• 

■ 

•— • 


S 


CO 


e 


• 


M 


u 


^ 


to 


• 

2 


fa' 


^ 


H 



• • • • 



6th Ward 
6th Ward 
7th Ward 

Americans . 

Allendale . 

Bentru .... 

Brenna 

Chester 

Fairfield 

Grand F'ks Tp 

Michigan 

Oakville 

Pleasant View 

Union 

Washington . 

Walle 

Reynolds City 
1st Ward . 
2d Ward . 



164 
142 
181 
46 
31 
61 
42 
61 
22 
48 
21 
24 
43 
47 
38 
61 

9 

7 



147 
130 
148 
47 
31 
60 
40 
46 
21 
46 
18 
16 
34 
4. 
26 
67 

11 
10 



148 

132 

94 

21 

22 

7 

22 

32 

13 

28 

32 

7 

11 

17 
71 

6 
6 



137 

124 

84 

17 


• • • • 

9 

1 


• • • • 

9 
1 


114 
102 
111 
34 
16 
44 
16 
89 
17 
38 
11 
13 
28 
82 
9 
91 

8 
6 


247 
214 
186 
89 
44 
27 
49 
49 
20 
62 
41 
24 
21 
81 
61 
92 

9 

11 


7 
7 

. . . .1 


116 

116 

139 

88 

18 

66 

29 

17 

11 

80 

8 

9 

86 

.88 

67 

42 

7 
2 


24 






7 






18 
81 


• • • • 


• • • • 


13 






28 






82 






10 

6 

11 


• • • • 

• • • • 


• • • • 

• • • • 


23 
66 

8 
6 


7 

• • • • 

• • • • 


6 

• • • • 

• • • • 









96 

92 

104 

IT 

la 

11 
20 
44 
10 
85 

ft 
21 

8 
20 

4 
27 

» 

9 



Total 



2768 



260911694 

I 



1606 


44 


88 


1820 


2972 


88 


1960 



1346. 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



241 



Vote By Precincts, 1908.— Cont'd. 

GRfGGS. 





Representatives in 


Congress 


Governor 


•u. 

Sen 

• 
• 
• 

c 

S 

c 

43 

• 
• 


S. 
ator 


Precinct 


• 
• 
• 

c« 

C 

I 

•-; 
%> 

1 


i 

• 


• 
• 

• 

« 


u 

o 

•J? 

d 

• 

o 

1 


c 

• 

% 

O 

« 
u 

C 

I 


•d 

c 

• 

u 
u 

• 


• 
• 
• 

a 

S 

c 

43 

O 

< 


s 
PQ 

c 

43 

O 


•d 
c 

i 

o 
Q 


• 
• 

m 

•g 
u 

m 

H 


Broadview . 


13 
27 

29 
15 
19 
41 
25 
16 
31 
28 
13 
12 
16 
10 
22 
28 
19 
13 
21 
20 
35 
31 

62 
20 
23 


16 

26 

27 

17 

19 

30 

22 

17 

25 

28 

14 

16 

16 

12 

18 

26 

19 

13 

18 

18 

371 

30 

56 

19' 

25 


12 
32 
14 
36 

5 
17 
26 
13 
39 
12 
16 
12 
18 
21 
13 

8 
15 
11 
17 

8 
25 
29 

58 
42 
20 


16 
29 
13 
36 

9 
15 
24 
16 
41 
12 
16 
13 
18 
15 
12 

9 
12 
10 
16 

9 
22 
26 

48 
36 
16 






9 
15 
28 
15 
19 
36 
U 
15 
27 
28 
13 
10 
14 

8 
22 
26 
15 
12 
18 
20 
34 
29 

59 
14 
23 


26 

60 
18 
39 
11 
29 
38 
21 
46 
13 
18 
21 
23 
23 
16 
14 
24 
12 
21 
9 
29 
36 

64 
56 
23 

680 


• • • • 


12 
29 
19 
31 
31 
47 
39 
11 
42 
31 
10 

• ■ • • 

13 
5 
21 
22 
18 
5 
24 
16 
26 
33 

49 
19 
13 

666 


5 


Sverdrup . . . 
Washburn . 






6 
5 


Romness . . . . 






15 


Lenora 

Greenfield 






2 
8 


Bald Hill 






3 


Cooperstown . 

Tyrol 

Pilot Mound . 






7 

17 

8 


Bartley 

Helena 






8 






1 


Clearfield . 






IS 


Addie 






2 


Willow 

Dover 






10 


Mabel 






IT 


2d District . .. 






2 


Bryan 

Rosendal 






13 






10 


Binford Village 
Hannaford Vil 






22 

4- 


Cooperstown — 
1st Ward . . 






20- 


2d Ward .. 
3d Ward .. 


.... 




8 
10" 










Total 


589 


563 


514 


488 






623 


214 











-16- 



242 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 
HETTINGER. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



Governor 



G 
G 
O 
u 

o 



13 

< 



G 
C 



PQ 



u 
w 

U 



m 

.2 

o 
H 



o 
••— » 

o 



c 



o, 

o 

o 

U 

en 

••» 

u 

C 
(« 



c 



bO 

a 

W 
P 



c 

o 

en 

C 

o 



< 



6 

.a 
o 



♦U. S. 
Senator 



G 



I c 

O O 

P »-!» 



1^ 



.£3 

M 

Ini 



Odessa . . . 
Colgrove . . 

Iowa 

New England 
Tepee .... 
Mauzey . . . 

Mott 

Cannon Ball 
Decker . . . 
Hettinger . . 
Beery . . . . 
Madison . . 
Horswill . . 
btrehlow . . 
Indian Creek 
Alden . . . . 
Chilton . . . 
Brittain . . . 
Rifle 



29 
30 
42 

28 
34 
181 
76 
27 
40 
25 
34 
15 
17 
18 
11 
14 
20 
16 
27 



34 
33 
50 
33 
30 
20 
82 
27 
41 
26 
33 
19 
16 
18 
16 
14 
18 
19 
31 



20 

11 

4 

12 

2 

6 

18 

20 

11 

6 

12 

2 

4 

6 

6 

8 

3 

4 

1 



20 

9 

4 

11 

2 

5 

20 

20 

11 

6 

12 

2 

5 

6 

7 

9 

3 

3 

1 






30 
28 
51 
29 
39 
19 
69 
25 
43 
28 
32 
19 
19 
23 
20 
13 
20 
20 
31 


29 

18 
7 

20 
3 
7 

35 

22 
8 
7 

14 
2 
5 
6 
6 

10 
3 
5 
4 




29 
11 
39 
22 
26 

2 
45 
17 
20 
23 
33 

7 
17 
20 
15 

9 
13 
11 
24 
















• • • • 












• • • • 






























155 






558 


211 1 RM 















27 

31 

19 

22 

19 

6 

39 

25 

30 

14 

11 

13 

8 

9 

11 

9 

8 

16 

14 



Total . . 



526 5671 155 
I 



330 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



243 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

KIDDER. 





Representatives in 


Congress 


Governor 


•U. S. 
Senator 




• 


(KS 


Q 


O 


a 


a 


• 


Q 


c 


• 


• 




• 








1— 1 


t-H 


• 




1-^ 


• 


• 


Precinct 


• 

c« 

e 

§ 


t9 

G 
C 


>> 

V 
CO 

c3 


u 
O 

Ml 


• 
• 

o 
o 


• 
• 
• 

C 


• 

c 

S 

c 


• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

V 
J4 


Se 


• 

c 
o 

« 
a 

.a 


• 

"(3 

« 




• 

it 
'St 
< 


• 

n 
.4 


• 

Q 
.§ 

H 


2 

• 


U 
w 
u 

C 


V 

P 


o 

• 

< 




9 

n 

o 


o 
Q 

fa 

-J 


• 

m 


fa 

• 


Arlington . . . 


42 


45 


5 


5 






35 


16 




26 


21 


Allen 


24 


20 


9 


8 






7 


18 




7 


25 


Belden 


26 
20 


24 
23 


1 
7 


1 

4 






24 
22 


6 
6 




16 
17 


13 


Baker 






10 


Buckeye 

Crystal Springs 
Chestina . . 


26 
58 


25 
5Z 


8 
11 


8 
10 






25 
53 


10 
19 




23 
34 


15 






25 


39 

30 


39 
29 


11 

5 


11 
5 






37 
30 


22 
5 


• . • • 


26 

18 


26 


German 




1 . . . . 


11 


Horning . . . . 


10 


11 


4 


6 






11 


7 




7 


7 


Lincoln 


38 
19 
21 


35 

17' 
21 


5 
2 
3 


3 
2 
3 






36 
18 
34 


8 
5 
5 




29 
20 
18 


8 








3 


Liberty 







3 


Merkel 


34 
41 
27 


29 
45 
25 


5 
4 

7 


4 

4 

7 






33 
43 
25 


9 
10 
11 




26 
26 


12 


Malcolm . . 








Manning . . 
Norway . . . . 






12 


40 


40 


10 


9 






42 


17 




37 


20 


Northwest 


88 
38 
19 


33 
34 
21 










23 
30 
10 


31 
31 
13 




13 
30 
15 


39 


Pleasant Hill 


15 
2 


15 
1 






21 


Rexin 






10 


Sibley 


38 


37 


18 


17 


• ■ • • 




31 


34 




18 


26 


Tanner 


35 


33 


6 


7 






31 


13 




17 


24 


Tappen 


18 


22 


7 


6 






19 


13 




12 


16 


Wallace . . . . 


25 
79 


26 
83 • 
1 


7 
28 


6 
27 






17 
61 


24 
62 

395 


• . • • 


15 
25 


25 


Woodlawn . . 






11 


Total 


779 


1 
7691 

I 


180 


170 






679 


461 


897 











244 



LEGISLATIVK MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1908.— Cont'd. 

LAMOURE. 



Precinct 



Ovid 

LaMourc Tp. 

Cottonwood . 

Lakevicw . . 

Willowbank . 

Golden Glen 

Pomona View 

Norden . . . . 

Greenville . 

Twin Lake . 

Grand Rapids 

Henrietta . . 

Wano 

Nora 

Ray 

Swede 

Black Loam . 

Gladstone . . 

Grandview . 

Roscoe 

Russell 

Glenmore 

Bluebird 

Raney 

Litchville 

Prairie . . 

Sheridan . 

Saritoga . . 

Banner . . 

Kcnniston 

Mikkelson . 

Glen .... 

LaMoure — 
1st Ward 
2d Ward 
3d Ward 

Verona . . 

Kulm . . 



• « • • 



• • • • 



Representatives in Congress 



c« 

C 
C 

o 

u 

O 



< 



c« 

C 
C 

s 



0) 
U 



en 

.a 

O 

H 



o 
c« 

* 

O 






o 

u 

en 
••» 
u 
C 
tt 
u 









V 

P 



9 
23 
14 
30 
12 
106 
17 
19 
24 
17 
36 
60 
18 
22 
14 
16 
25 
36 
19 
40 
15 
13 
35 
18 
31 
35 
62 
17 
21 
17 
20 
27 

48 
20 
37 
18 
57 



9 
27 
15 
32 
11 
118 
18 
20 
27 
18 
36 
61 
20 
25 
13 
16 
22 
29 
22 
45 
14 
15 
37 
18 
28 
33 
59 
17 
21 
18 
20 
28 

49 
24 
40 
22 
56 



16 

6 

6 

9 

5 

54 

7 

14 

22 

9 

9 

18 

8 

4 

10 

15 

13 

11 

13 

23 

10 

9 

18 

10 

2 

18 

22 

13 

20 

8 

4 

12 

16 
13 
15 
23 
82 



18 

6 

5 

9 

5 

48 

7 

15 

24 

10 

9 

19 

9 

4 

10 

15 

12 

10 

12 

24 

10 

9 

18 

10 

4 

18 

21 

12 

19 

6 

4 

12 

16 
12 
15 
22 
82 



Governor 



c 
o 
« 
c 
.s 
o 






12 
22 
17 
27 

10 
106 
16 
14 
27 
19 
21 
58 
11 
22 
14 
19 
27 
24 
15 
34 
13 
15 
35 
17 
23 
33 
60 
13 
17 
20 
17 
S8 

28 
17 
81 
18 
48 



u 

S 

PQ 

6 
M 

O 



c 



o 
Q 



18 
12 
11 
15 
14 
72 
10 
23 
29 
14 
27 
23 
20 
8 
15 
26 
20 
26 
20 
42 
14 
10 
22 
11 
15 
20 
81 
20 
27 
9 
7 
14 

44 
22 
28 
35 
50 



•u. 


s. 


Senator 


• 
• 


• 


m 

C 


m 
• 


o 


ca 


en 


ja 


C 


m 


.a 


u 


^ 


ca 


• 


fa 


• 


• 



11 

23 
9 

27 
1 

48 

6 

9 

10 

5 

10 

31 

2 

2 

4 

18 

29 

85 

10 

13 

5 

8 

14 

2 

19 

23 

63 

5 

12 

5 

10 

14 

15 
14 
19 
5 
80 






Total 



1048 



18 
7 
23 
17 
28 
95 
19 
10 
47 

87 
39 
30 
2d 
11 

a 

8 
13 
24 
3i» 
22 
18 
27 
23 
11 
18 
26 
27 
26 
25 
13 
26 

60 
23 
31 
29 
8» 



1083" 517 

I 



611 



986 



824 



666 



981 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



245 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

LOGAN. 





Representatives in Congress 


Governor 


♦u. s. 

Senator 


Precinct 


0S 

• 
• 
• 

a 

i 

• 
V 

1 


0$ 

S 

c 

• 

• 


Q 

• 
• 

at 

CO 

U 

• 

Q 
« 
.S 


Q 

u 

o 
'^. 

• 

o 




• 
« 

u 

V 

Oi 

o 

o 

U 

« 

»w* 

o 

S 
& 


•d 
a 

• 
• 
• 

C 

•c 

& 

• 

Q 


0S 

• 
• 
• 

a 
•f 

• 

< 


• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
« 
• 

n 

c 

M 

O 

»-» 


•d 
c 

a 

• 

-J 


• 
• 
• 

c 
o 
w 

c 

• 

• 


• 
• 
• 

M 

• 


First District 
1st Precinct 


69 

113 
147 

56 
73 
32 

130 
85 


77 
113 
150 

59 
76 
31 

131 

87 


24 


18 






76 
107 
141 

61 
75 
31 

134 
83 


42 

. 6 
28 

24 
12 
89 

11 
7 


• 


55 
64 
67 

42 
22 
11 

68 
76 


56 


2d Precinct 






58 


3d Precinct 


14 

17 

7 

38 

10 

A, 


15 

17 

6 

39 

8 
3 






104 


Second Dist. 
1st Precinct 






43 


2d Precinct 






52 


3d Precinct 






28 


Third District 
1st Precinct 






84 


2d Precinct 






26 




1 








Total 


705 


723 114 


106 






708 


169 


• • • • 


899 


446 






1 









246 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

M'HENRY. 



Precinct 



Representatives in 


Congress 


Governor 


•u. s. 

Senator 


• 


• 


Q 


Q 





c 


C6 

• 


Q 


•d 
c 


C6 

• 


• 


• 


• 






y-i 


l-l 


• 




i-i 


• 


• 


• 

s 


• 
• 
• 






i 


^ 


• 


• 
• 
• 




• 

c 

o 


• 


c 

o 


C 


(3 


o 


& 


c 


S 


• 
• 

V 




« 

c 


• i 


u 


C 




*f? 


o 


u 


rt 


^ 


? 


M 


!s 


Asle J. G 




• 

Q 

CO 


• 

o 


.a 

u 

C 
c« 

u 


• 

p 


o 

• 

< 




c 

M 
O 




• 
• 


•8 
fa 

• 


16 
29 
63 


18 
31 
63 


31 
15 
23 


29 
13 
25 






9 
30 

48 


40 
18 
51 


*"i 


15 
28 
59 


IS 






17 




1 


27 


31 
34 
43 

28 


34 
37 
40 
26 


8 
21 
12 
13 


9 
21 
11 
13 






29 
23 
35 
23 


18 
86 
22 
19 




21 
20 
29 
19 


21 






38 






27 


1 




21 


36 


41 


12 


12 






33 


25 




18 


84 


62 
22 
26 


65 
23 
26 


54 
13 
11 


18 
12 
11 






54 
20 
19 


63 
17 
19 




42 
23 
23 


47 






12 


.... 




14 


12 


15 


15 


15 






9 


22 




17 


9 


38 


32 


34 


33 


2 


2 


32 


46 




38 


22 


20 
15 
43 


21 

13 

. 41 


28 
28 
33 


17 
28 
31 






20 
12 
32 


22 
31 

48 




7 
80 








12 






40 


52 
72 
28 


50 
77 
27 


19 
32 
20 


18 
33 
18 






33 
53 
17 


45 
45 
36 




48 
62 
80 


10 






84 






20 


3 

7 


8 

7 


51 
32 


51 
32 






2 
5 


52 
84 




10 








26 


7 


5 


17 


17 






6 


22 




13 


9 


28 


27 


8 


9 






26 


17 




25 


17 


27 


22 


24 


27 






30 


28 




21 


. 22 


23 
22 


18 
27 


15 
10 


16 
10 






15 
13 


28 

28 




22 
11 


16 




1 


80 


43 

18 


50 
17 


35 

4 


35 
6 






24 

17 


72 
9 




25 

18 


66 






6 


33 


34 


38 


37 


1 


1 


26 


53 


1 


20 


87 


40 
32 
16 
81 
38 
62 


37 
29 
16 
21 
37 
65 


16 
15 
25 
21 
4 
31 


16 
16 
21 
20 
5 
25 






25 
21 
11 
21 
26 
34 


82 
26 
32 
85 
20 
74 




10 
89 
16 
24 
23 
48 


26 






4 






16 






81 






18 






85 


30 
4 


26 

7 


11 
17 


12 
15 






26 

4 


19 
24 




28 

4 


14 






13 


21 
26 
83 
42 
55 
45 


22 
26 
34 
44 
51 
44 


7 
12 

9 
20 
83 
16 


7 
12 
10 
22 
34 
15 






21 

18 

281 

35 

36 

29 


12 




22 
14 
25 
82 
86 


9 




22 

19 

31 

59 ... . 
85 


14 




21 




29 




A\ 


•••• •••• 


88 87 



Willow Creek 
Elm Grove . 
Meadow . . . 
Deep River . 

Pratt ,. 

Grilley . . . . 
Little Deep . 
Layton . . . . 
Bantry .... 
Poplar Grove 
Norman . . . 
Red Cross . . 
Wagar . . 
Cut Bank . . . 

Saline 

Deering . . 
Berwick . . . 
Towner . . . . 
Newport . . . 
Gorman . . . 
Smoky Lake 
Round Lake 
Rose Bush . . 
Roosevelt . . 
Strege . . 
Anamoose Tp. 
Anamoose Vil. 
Springy Grove 
Denbeigh . . 
Riga 

JwCw • • • • « • • 

Ragstad . . . . 
Lake Hester 
Balfour To. . 
Balfour village 

Odin 

Land • 

Cottonwood 

Lake . . . . 
Egg Creek .. 
Kxittke Valley 
Granville Tp. 
Granville Vil. 
Norwich . . . 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



247 



Vote By Precincts, 1908.— Cont'd. 

M'HENRY— Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



t9 

c 
c 
o 

u • 

O 



V 
(A 

< 



PES 



6 
C 



0) 



en 
.53 

•§ 
H 



o 

o 

o 



c 



a 
o 

o 
U 

09 

U 

c 

PC4 



a 



to 



Q 



Governor 



c 

.£3 

O 



k. 
3 

pq 
c 
o 



6 



O 

Q 



•U. S. 
* Senator 



c 
o 
w 

6 

o 



15 



•2 

k. 



Walter . . . 
North Prairie 
Velva To. 
Vclva City 
Voltaire . . 
Brown . . 
Olivia . . 
Bjornson . 
Star .... 
Rose Hill 
Lebanon . . 
Drake . . 
Villard . . 



46 
41 
26 
93 
42 
24 
29 
18 
16 
28 
21 
83 
16 



44 

Sb 

25 

94 

33 

28 

25 

19 

14 

2. 

15 

39 

15 



I 



1 

13^ 
16 


17 
17 
20 
63 
28 
20 
10 

9 
10 

6 
14 
19 
21 






38 
30 
14 
64 
80 
24 
25 
18 
14 
21 
14 
26 
12 


23 
29 
35 
99 
48 
31 
22 
18 
13 
12 
28 
40 
26 




51 
28 
11 
55 
22 
16 
24 
17 
20 
17 
18 
15 
22 


20 






66 






28 






23 
14 






11 






9 






6 
14 






20 
21 













Total . . . . 



1788 



I 
176111145 



1122 



8 



6 



1360 



1856 



2 1344 



8 
26 
87 
68 
89 
82 
24 
17 

6 
14 
20 
39 
15 



1294 



248 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Preclnctt, 1908.— Confd. 

M'INTOSH. 





Representatives in 


Congress 


Governor 


♦u. S. 

Senator 


Precinct 


• 
• 
• 

c 
c 
o 

u 

O 

• 
V 

•-^ 

CO 

< 


c 

G 

• 

• 


• 
• 

« 

• 

« 

.a 
•g 

H 


p 

• 

o 


a 
1— 1 

• 

u 
a 
o. 
o 

(3 

w 

o 

C 
tt 

u 


c 

• 
• 
• 

C 

u 
u 

V 

w 

• 

p 


PES 

• 
• 
• 

o 
« 

c 
.s 
o 
»-» 

• 

< 




• 
• 
• 
• 
■ 
• 

3 

n 

d 
.s 
o 
»-» 


c 

o 
Q 

• 


06 

■ 
• 

c 
o 
w 

c 

■ 
• 


• 
• 
• 

13 

M 
at 
u 


Coldwater . . 
Grosz 


49 
35 
70 
67 
216 
62 
67 
27 
26 
94 
97 
44 
63 
37 


49 
85 
70 
67 
216 
52 
67 
28 
26 
94 
97 
44 
1 63 
37 


11 

10 

1 

2 

26 


11 
11 

1 

2 
24 






14 
25 
69 
34 
167 
52 
52 
29 
18 
67 
37 
41 
61 
23 


46 
20 
2 
36 
91 

• • • • 

39 
10 
14 
40 
72 
6 
3 
16 


• • • • 

• • • • 


37 

67 

6 

123 

23 

19 

26 

12 

10 

43 

36 

14 

5 

410 


22 


Hellwig . . . . 
Jewell 






14 






21 


Ashley 






127 


Lehr 






29 


Wwhek ... . . 


16 
5 
4 
8 

12 
6 
1 
2 


15 

4 
5 
3 
12 
6 
1 
2 

96 






70 


Moscow 






16 


Lowell 






18 


Venturia . . . . 






87 


2^eland . . 






66 


Strasburg . . . 
Ostrem 






13 

47 


Salein • • • • • • 






83 










Total 


943 


940 


98 


679 


395 


603 











STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



249 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

M'KENZIE. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



PES 



a 
c 

o 

o 



V 

< 



c« 

C 

a 



V 



.a 

o 
H 



o 

c« 

d 



o 



a 

o 

o 

U 

en 

••» 
o 
C 
(« 






c 

W 
P 



Governor 






.a 
o 



< 



3 

n 

c 

O 



•d 
c 



o 



•u. s. 

Senator 



PES 



C 
O 
M 

a 
o 






0S 



c« 

• 



Morrill . . . . 
Cartwright . 
Nichols ... . . 
Alexander . 

XrOC • • • • • • • 

Rud . • • • • . . 
Kinning . . . 
Schafer . . . . 

Banks 

Charlscn . . . 
Knipe . . ... 

i>er^ 

Catlm 

Almira . . . . 
Keffeler . . . 
Rhoades . . . 



60 

48 


64 
62 


26 
10 


26 
9 






46 
61 


42 
15 




32 
22 






. 18 
. 102 


16 
91 


8 
27 


4 
24 






16 
96 


6 
63 




6 
67 






. 80 


22 


22 


20 






28 


28 




13 


47 


86 


9 


10 






39 


24 




83 


. 22 


19 


6 


4 






19 


14 




24 


. 50 


44 


21 


18 


2 


2 


48 


44 


2 


32 


19 


14 


8 


6 


7 


1 


21 


16 


7 


25 


58 


44 


9 


9 


1 




48 


26 




35 


. 33 


29 


8 


8 






26 


13 




24 


86 
. 21 

8 


41 
26 
11 


4 
6 
2 


4 
6 
2 






33 
27 
10 


16 

10 

6 




23 

13 

2 










. 15 


14 


2 


2 






15 


3 




8 


. 22 


20 


6 


5 






23 


7 




17 







40 
43 
14 
86 
44 
35 
12 
57 
19 
87 
17 
80 

6 
16 

7 
11 



Total . . . . 



684 



681 



168 



156 10 



9 539 321 



9 865 



493 



250 



LEGISLATIVK MANUAL 



Vote 4r mm€kntX ; 1908.— <k)nt'd. 

MXEAN. 





Representatives in Congress 


Governor 


•U. S. 
Senator 


Precinct 


PES 

• 
• 
• 

C 

c 

O 
u 

O 

• 

it 
< 


0$ 

C 

• 

k4 


• 
• 

• 

Q 

CO 

.2 


u 

o 

•J? 

1^ 

O 

m 

o 


c 

• 

o 

o 

U 

en 

U 

C 
tt 
u 


a 

• 

c 

u 

• 

Q 


PES 

• 
• 
• 



c 

M 

O 

»-» 

• 

< 




• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

s 

n 

6 


o 
P 

fa 


PES 

• 
• 
• 

C 

c 

• 
• 


• 
• 
■ 

JS 

C 

ca 

fa 

• 


Martin . . ... 


64 
41 
25 
53 
16 
58 
33 
24 
47 
23 
18 
13 
25 

101 
48 
66 

132 
68 
62 
26 

100 
19 
19 
88 
87 
59 
18 
90 
21 
32 

102 
42 
28 
28 

171 

81 

24 

56 

8 

107 
49 
88 
65 
24 


(f4 
42 
22 
59 
19 
56 
32 
24 
41 
23 
20 
19 
25 
94 
45 
66 

130 
68 
50 
22 

106 
21 
21 
85 
86 
64 
19' 
87 
21 
84 

108 
42 
86 
28 

160 

86 

28 

45 

8 

100 
50 
88 
55 
28 


80 

7 

3 

14 

10 

22 

10 

11 

29 

11 

8 

8 

8 

23 

2 

• • • • 

15 

11 

15 

9 

44 

43 

20 

19 

27 

28 

4| 

28 

7 

9 

5 

14 

15 

1 

58 

38 

15 

7 

21 

25 

1 

8 

1 

5 


30 

7 

2 

15 

8 

16 

10 

9 

26 

18 

8 

9 

8 

25 

2 

2 

16 

9 

14 

8 

43 

40 

23 

22 

25 

25 

4 

29 

7 

10 

4 

13 

15 

1 

51 

86 

18 

7 

20 

25 

1 

8 

1 

4 






59 
40 
27 
55 
13 
48 
82 
21 
42 
20 
19 
19 
22 

104 
42 
45 

122 
58 
48 
22 
98 
14 
17 
24 
25 
45 
15 
58 
19 
20 
86 
88 
84 
7 

148 
60 
15 
40 
4 
54 
52 
88 
28 
21 


48 
9 
2 
23 
17 
51 
12 
14 
45 
19 
19 
17 
15 
51 
11 
20 
84 
24 
28 
18 
84 
52 
84 
41 
49 
49 
10 
56 
11 
82 
23 
20 
28 
22 
100 
78 
29 
16 
27 
88 
1 
8 
28 
18 




82 
12 
27 
61 
12 
85 
26 
17 
84 
21 

7 
86 
14 
95 
61 
48 
78 
18 
22 
20 
109 
16 
12 
25 
32 
67 
20 
44 
14 
18 
47 
29 
20 

4 

184 

72 

16 

27 

6 
48 
87 

8 
86 
81 


65- 


Strausberg . . 
Bycrs 






88 
8. 


Butte .... 






16 


Freitag 






16 






59- 


Douglas . . . . 
Blue Hill .... 
Roseglen . . . . 
Platte 


.... 




IS 
20- 
53 
17 


McGinnis 






12- 


Ulrich 

Greatstone . 






4 
17 


Wiprud 

Skogmo . . . . 
Berlin 






69- 

20- 


Wittmayer . . 
Lincoln 






74 






65 


Curtis 






47 


Malcom 






16 


Garrison . . 






52- 


St. Mary .... 






10 


Kmmett 






87 


Ft. Berthold . . 






88 


Coleharbor . 






40* 


Crooked Lake 






81 


Wise 1 






7" 


McCIusky . . . 
Lamont 






68 






14 


Denhoff 






28 


Goodrich . . . . 






59 


White 






8^ 


Whittaker . .. 






29* 


Eastman . . 
Washburn . . . 






88^ 
61 


Underwood . . 






66 


Hancock 






18 


Sasto . . . • • 






82 


Heaton 






16: 


Wilton 






80 


Armstrong . . 
Shellcreek . . . 






89- 






88: 


Elbowoods . 






31 


Buffalo Lake . 






11. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



251 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

M'LEAN— Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in 



c« 

a 
a 

o 
u 

O 



< 



ti 

C 
6 



V 



P 

o 
H 



u 
o 

c« 

o 



c 



u 

a 
o 

o 

U 

w 

o 

C 

2 






a 
«> 



M 



c 
S 

o 



< 



V 

3 
PQ 

6 

O 



•d 

c 



o 

p 



•u. s. 



c 

o 

s 

O 



S5 

■ 



•g 



Pleasant Hill 

Mercer 

Ingersoll . . 
Dogden . . . . 
Linden . . 
Turtle i^ke 

JLXCX X • • • • • • • 





14 
17 
29 
69 
22 
19 
25 


14 
13 
25 
54 
14 
19 
21 


5 

7 

8 

15 

12 

13 

2 


5 
7 
9 
4 
10 
13 
3 






8 
8 
19 
34 
17 
18 
14 


15 
19 
22 
44 
21 

. 19 
15 




6 
18 
24 
85 
20 
20 
18 



























17 

17 

14 

37 

8 

9 

6 



Total . . 



2363 



2817 



786 



720 



1960 



1512 



1628 



1620 



•252 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

MERCER. 



Precinct 



No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 



Representatives in Congress 



1 
2 
8 

i 
6 
6 
7 
8 



Total 



« 



m 
c 
a 

2 
o 



43 



m 
c 
c 



V 

m 
c« 



CO 

.s 

o 
H 



o 

o 



o 



I 

<3 

CO 

... 
u 
C 
c« 



•d 
c 



M 

C 

Ini 
Wi 
V 



Governor 



c 

o 

CO 

C 

.a 

o 



V 

9 

n 

c 
ja 
o 



c 



o 

p 



•u. s. 

Senator 



c 

o 
m 
C 

o 






* • . . . 



83 
66 
63 
95 
18 
8 
44 
48 


83 
67 
68 
95 
17 
8 
51 
47 


10 

• • • • 

8 
17 
13 

^ I 

1 8 

4 


8 

1 

8 

14 

14 

2 

10 

4 






79 
63 
63 
94 

15 

9 

50 

47 


80 

8 

10 

47 

16 

3 

15 

9 


• • • • 

• • • • 

1 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

1 

• • • • 


84 
82 
87 
78 
28 
4 
28 
88 


















***i 


**i 






425 


426 


1 
62 


61 


1 


1 


420 


138 


2 


814 









23 
39 
86 
64 
3 
7 
33 
21 



226 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



25a 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

MORTON. 





Representative! in 


Congress 


Governor 


•u. S. 

Senator 


Precinct 

» 


0S 

• 
• 
• 

m 
a 



o 

Wi 

O 

• 
V 

5 


• 
• 

• 
• 
• 

a 

c 

& 

• 


• 
• 

1 

• 

« 
.53 


Q 

u 
o 

•J? 

• 

o 


a 

1-4 

• 
• 

i 

o 

o 

U 

.S5 
o 

1 

U4 


c 

• 
• 

.s 

• 

Q 


PES 

• 
• 

a 

i 

M 

O 

• 

< 


• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

i 

pq 

c 
.s 
o 

"* 


•d 

c 

Be 

o 

P 

• 


PES 

• 
• 
• 

C 

o 
« 

C 

• 
• 


OS 

• 
• 
• 

J3 
M 
U 

ti 

• 


Mandan — 
1st Ward .. 
2d Ward .. 
3d Ward . . 


42 
134 

120 
77 
54 
30 
48 
31 
64 
88 
73 
68 
65 
22 

112 
47 
54 
33 
40 
56 
9 
80 
30 
24 
48 
46 
97 
3x 
59 
16 
58 
49 
27 
24 
22 
30 
271 
45 


40 
133 
123 • 
75 
50 
29 
46 
27 
61 
88 
72 
69 
71 
18 
103 
43 
46 
32 
40 
59 
11 
82 
28 
25 
45 
43 
97 
28 
65 
10 
58 
51 
28 
22 
26 
29 
27 
48 
1 


42 
65 
80 

18 

9 

16 

67 

12 

23 

62 

29 

86 

10 

15 

42 

14 

13 

9 

6 

39 

28 

58 

27 

12 

4 

6 

6 

8 

9 

3 

7 

14 

17 

23 

6 

9 

14 

10 


39 

64 

26 

16 

11 

19 

68 

15 

27 

63 

29 

36 

9 

18 

40 

15 

19 

11 

6 

35 

26 

56 

27 

12 

4 

8 

6 

7 

8 

3 

7 

14 

16 

23 

6 

9 

3' 






35 
110 
98 
56 
52 
20 
46 
82 
68 
81 
42 
66 
72 
22 
100 
44 
40 
35 
37 
52 
9 
62 
20 
8 
61 
39 
92 
22 
49 
15 
55 
50 
28 
26 
26 
80 
25 
42 


61 
114 
69 
38 
12 
81 
80 
16 
34 
80 
76 
67 
12 
18 
61 
17 
81 
15 

9 
47 
30 
79 
87 
32 

5 
15 
14 
20 
82 

4 
11 
26 
20 
24 

7 
11 
18 
16 


• • • • 

• • • ^ 

* 


47 
116 
77 
48 
43 
23 
76 
26 
51 
109 
34 
67 
61 
14 
76 
23 
47 
38 
36 
52 
3 
49 
30 
13 
54 
35 
70 
16 
28 
11 
34 
29 
15 
16 
17 
83 
22 
9 


29- 

74 

44 


Massingham . . 
Marmot . ... 
Custer 






89- 

17 

8- 


Little Heart . 






34 


Rural 






9- 


Fallon 






23- 


Fort Rice 






■ 27 


New Salem • . . 






60' 


Engelter . . . . 
Albrecht . . . . 

Weekes 

Flasher 






60 
22 
21 
63^ 


Carson 






6 


Bjorum 






8 


Feland 






5 


Sims .. •••••• 






9- 


Blue Grass . . 

Wehri 

Glen Ullin ... 


2 


2 


34 

7 

22 


Foust 






19 


Emter 






20 


Jcalm .... ..•> 






25 


Hintz 

Antelope . . . . 






19 
31 


Heilborn . . . . 






25 


Hebron 

Cannon Ball 


3 


3 


37 
6- 


Stevenson 






22 


Wade 






29- 


Dogtooth . . . . 
O'Kourke . . . 






17 






12 


Malone 






13^ 


Brown 






8 


Pitts 






3^ 


Locke 


8 






ST 


Total 


1980 


1954 


819 


808 


5 


5 


1746 


1279 


8 


1538 


981 



254 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precincto, I908.--Cont'd. 

NELSON. 



Precinct 



Repreeentathrcs in Congress 



o 
o 

o 



JJ 
< 



ti 

C 

c 

CO 



M 

u 



en 

0} 

O 



o 

:^ 

d 
o 



T3 

6 



V 

o. 
o 
o 

u 



u 

c 



C 



D 



Governor 



♦U. S. 
Senator 



c 

S 

c 

O 






u 

S 

n 

e 
o 






o 
Q 



c 
o 

n 
C 
M 

O 



fe ^ 



.S 
m 
u 

■ 



Adier 

City of Aneta 
Bergen . .. 
Central . . 
Clara . . 
Dahlen . . 
Dayton . . 
Dodds . . 
Enterprise 
Field .... 
Forde . . 
Hamlin . . 
Illinois . . 
Lakota Tp. 
City of Lakota 

L^C • • • • « • 

Leval .... 
McVille . . 
Melvin . . . 
Michigan Tp. 
Michigan City 

Nash 

Nesheim 
Ora . . . 
Osago 
Petersburg Tp. 
Village of 
Petersburg 

Rubin 

Rugh 

Sarnia 

Tolna Village 
Wamduska . 
Williams . . . 



• « • • 



t • • • • 



• • • • 



36 
95 
39 
43 
29 
47 
21 
22 
22 
40 
27 
60 
25 
36 
177 
56 
24 
43 
20 
35 
43 
36 
46 
39 
58 
22 

48 
38 
22 
33 
35 
14 
IV 



36 
93 
36 
42 
28 
49 
19 
21 
23 
37 
23 
58 
22 
17 
158 
51 
19 
38 
24 
36 
41 
36 
43 
40 
50 
21 

48 
31 
19 
33 
30 
13 
16 



n 


10 

63 

17 

8 

5 

5 

10 

21 

5 

16 

14 

3 

22 

14 

55 

23 

11 

20 

11 

37 

54 

11 






58 




.... 


18 






9 






4 
9 


3 


8 


10 






21 






7 






17 
15 


1 


1 


3 
94 


• • • ■ 




15 






56 
19 

n 


2 
3 


2 
2 


13 






14 
38 
54 
12 
10 


• • • • 

• • • • 

9 
25 


• • • • 

• • • • 

7 
36 


16 
14 
17 


14 
14 
16 

24 
22 
18 

9 
13 
13 

4 


• • • • 

• • • • 




99 






17 
19 
10 
10 


• • • • 

• • • • 
■ • • • 




13 
6 


11 











27 
65 
25 
36 
24 
43 
16 
19 
22 
89 
18 
45 
17 
15 
128 
36 
9 
25 
17 
25 
30 
26 
35 
82 
32 
16 

86 
27 
18 
28 
11 
9 
12 



22 

93 
82 
18 

9 
13 
15 
24 

7 
21 
25 
18 
30 
20 
112 
46 
27 
36 
22 
50 
76 
22 
22 
25 
45 
28 



30 
26 
16 
87 
17 
16 





45 




111 




44 




40 


3 


22 




53 




19 




10 




14 


i 


63 




24 




50 




6 




8 


2 


85 


8 


69 




11 




48 




86 




41 


7 


41 




43 




46 




50 




63 




88 




68 




27 




81 




40 




18 




8 




21 



18 

18 

9 

7 

1 

8 

7 

7 

4 

6 

10 

11 

13 

103 

6 

20 

9 

1 

4 

11 

1 

9 

5 

11 

4 

1 

17 
11 
S 
S 
6 
8 



Total . , 



132811251 

1 



592 


681 


29 


16 


901 


1089 


16 


1273 



840 



STATE Oj^ NORTH DAKOTA 



255 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

OLIVER. 





Representatives in 


Congress 


• 
Governor 


•u. s. 

Senator 




• 
• 


C6 

• 
• 


Q 

• 


P 


c 


•d 
c 


PES 

• 
• 


P 

• 




OS 

• 
• 


• 
• 


Precinct 


• 

a 




• 
• 
• 

4 


>> 


u 


• 
• 




• 

c 


• 
• 
• 
• 




• 

a 
o 

« 


• 

73 




o 

u 


c 
c 


u 


o 


o 
o 


t 


c 

M 

O 

• 

< 




Ji 


> 


a 


S 




< 


CI 


• 

p 

m 

.a 

3 


m 

o 


U 

09 

u 

C 
c« 

u 


Q 


PQ 
c 
o 


o 
P 

-J 


• 

• 


ti 

• 

• 


No. 1 


70 


78 


15 


15 






66 


84 




86 


67 


No. 2 


66 
26 


67 
26 


29 
34 


30 
34 






62 
28 


61 
41 




87 
85 


76 


No. 8 






83 


No. i 


40 


48 


27 


25 






80 


57 




40 


86 


No. 6 


44 
33 


22 
81 


10 
16 


10 
17 






41 
20 


17 
81 




28 
11 


80 


No. 6 




.... 


88 


No. 7 


26 
22 


27 
20 


7 
18 


7 
17 






22 

14 


16 
82 




10 
11 


26 


No. 8 






80 


Total 


327 


824 


166 


155 


• • • « 


• • • . 


272 


279 


• • • • 


198 806 



256 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

PEMBINA. 





Representatives in 


Congress 


Governor 


•u. s. 

Senator 




OS 

• 


OS 


Q 


Q 


a 




• 


Q 




em 

• 


• 




• 


• 


m 




HH 


l-H 


• 


• 


»-l 


• 


• 


Precinct 


• 



§ 

o 

• 

1 


• 
• 

i 

a 
n 

t 


• 

Q 
0) 

.a 


O 
•y 

d 

• 

o 


i 

o 

(3 

0) 

u 



1 


c . 

u 
u 

• 

p 


• 

c 

o 

01 



O 

• 

< 




m 
m 
• 
• 
• 

V 

d 

n 

c 

O 
»-» 


o 
Q 

.J 


c 
o 
0) 
c 
.c 

• 
m 


• 

•g 

u 

• 




48 
42 


1 

48 
41 


29 
82 


29 
31 






48 
39 


29 
35 




42 
30 


ft 


Advance . . . . 






IS 


Bathgate Tp. . 
BcauTieu . . 


20 
20 
88 
68 
27 
16 


24 
29 
88 
67 
27 
15 


14 
54 
40 
58 
27 
28 


14 
53 
42 
52 
26 
28 






20 
27 
26 
59 
27 
17 


22 
56 
54 
63 
31 
32 




10 
52 

5 
41 
16 

6 


14 






20 


Carlisle . . ... 






2T 


Cavalier Tp. . 
Crystal Tp. . . 
Drayton Tp. . 






21 






20 






3(V 


Klora 


28 


27 


17 


17 






25 


27 




12 


28 


Gardar 


76 


76 


83 


34 






61 


51 




64 


15 


Hamilton Tp. 

Jolictte 

LaMoure 


27 
85 


27 
84 


28 
28 


28 
23 






22 
29 


86 
34 




13 
23 


1& 






31 


22 
82 
29 
28 
81 


28 
32 
29 
24 
85 


28 
88 
21 
27 
44 


28 
39 
20 
27 
42 






23 
24 
24 
20 
22 


29 
50 
27 
34 
57 




19 
5 
21 
21 
19 


7 


Lincoln 






19 


Lodetna 






8 


Midland 






28 


Ncche Tp. ... 






41 


X^AiK t t • ■ • • • 


82 


84 


17 


17 






S3 


18 




19 


1'^ 


Pembina Tp. . 


81 


81 


49 


47 






27 


60 




25 


33 


St. Joseph . . . 
St, Thomas Tp. 


88 
48 


85 
41 


92 
38 


93 
87 






69 
38 


128 
48 




24 
25 


5S 






16 


Thingvalla . . . 


64 


65 


55 


55 






57 


64 




65 


23 


Walhalla Tp. 
Bathgate Vil. 


36 
89 


34 
87 


19 
22 


18 
21 






88 
24 


25 
87 




16 
10 


23 






40 


Canton 


13 
83 
31 


12 
82 
83 


15 
50 
42 


13 
47 
42 






10 
71 
29 


18 
69 
49 




8 
72 
16 


5 


Cavalier City 
Crystal Cit^ . . 






16 






21 


Drayton City . 


48 


50 


51 


89 






89 


73 




34 


51^ 


Hamilton Vil. 


21 


21 


15 


14 






16 


28 




7 


21 


Neche Village 
Pembina — 


68 


63 


19 


19 






62 


21 




46 


IT 
























1st Ward .. 


28 


21 


6 


5 






29 


8 




26 


7 


2d Ward .. 


81 


85 


28 


18 






34 


25 




18 


» 


8d Ward .. 


80 


32 


10 


10 






29 


18 




28 


18 


Walhalla Vil. 


66 


63 


41 


41 


1 


1 


64 


46 


1 


26 


87 


St. Thomas .. 


58 


55 


41 


40 


1 


1 


40 


62 


1 


24 


87 


Total 


1385 


1395 

1 


11141 

1 


1109 


2 


2 


1217 1463 


2 


864 


785 



STATE 01' NORTH DAKOTA 



257 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

PIERCE. 





Representatives in Congress 


Governor 


•U. S, 
Senator 


Precinct 


OS 

• 
• 
• 

O 
< 


0< 

• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

c 

a 

A 


Q 

Si 

18 
U 

• 

Q 

w 

-a 


Q 

u 

o 

• 


e 

• 

! 

m 
'S 

1 


•0 


l-H 

• 
• 

• 

Q 
M 


OS 

* 
. 

c 

S 

e 
.a 

• 

< 



Q 

• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

a 

i 



Q 

.4 


OS 

• 
• 
• 

a 



1 

• 


OS 

• 
• 
• 

73 

•g 

H 


Union 


15 
50 
35 
28 
29 
28 
46 
32 
12 
24 
21 
32 
7 
29 
44 
5 
26 
13 
34 
14 
4 
9 
23 
16 
8 
3 
18 
18 
16 
12 
29 

48 
61 
78 


15 

45 

Si 

28 

25 

24 

42 

29 

16 

20 

21 

81 

9 

80 

40 

5 

21 

11 

26 

9 

4 

8 

22 

14 

8 

2 

19 

16 

18 

12 

23 

*43 
59 

74 


18 

25 

15 

8 

12 

1 

4 

9 

18 

13 

9 

5 

17 

27 

12 

40 

29 

26 

5 

20 

22 

17 

3 

5 

38 

22 

14 

15 

21 

20 

13 

31 
24 
38 


18 
22 
11 
10 
14 
4 
4 
13 
18 
14 
10 
5 
22 
30 
11 
40 
32 
25 
6 
20 
21 
15 
5 
5 
37 
22 
14 
16 
22 
19 
13 

31 
25 
40 






9 
43 
31 
27 
11 
14 
36 
21 
10 
13 
16 
80 

6 
16 
34 

1 
16 
10 
28 
13 

3 

8 
22 
13 

7 

2 
18 

8 
16 
13 
18 

41 
45 
60 


26 
39 
21 
15 
38 
22 
18 
25 
28 
29 
18 
8 
26 
46 
23 
45 
48 
32 
17 
24 
24 
18 
13 
10 
41 
25 
21 
27 
23 
20 
34 

48 
56 
70 


"i 


11 

38 

27 

21 

26 

25 

43 

31 

18 

19 

21 

29 

6 

48 

47 

9 

27 

22 

27 

12 

1 

7 

16 

9 

3 

4 

10 

7 

4 

12 

25 

38 
66 
67 


3 


Wolford .. .. 

Juniata 

Spring Lake . 
East Barton . 
Barton Tp. . . 

Dewey 

Walsh 






15 

9 

17 

10 

6 






3 






10 


Torgerson . . . 
Tof te 






7 
10 


Rush Lake . . . 
Hurricane Lake 

Meyers 

Christenson . 






8 
8 

la 

5 


Ness . . ..... 






<V 


Jefferson . . . . 
Tuscarora . . 
Reno Valley . 

Elverum . . 






1 


"2 


"2 


4 
IS 
18 


Sampson . . 

Sandale 

Elling 

Girard Lake . . 
Rosedale . . 






2 
2 

15 






19 
10 


Alexander . ^ . 
Hillside 






8 
23 


Antelope Lake 
White 






18 






12 


Keller 






12 


Hairel 






1 


Barton Village 
City of Rugby 

1st Ward .. 

2d Ward. . . 

3d Ward . . 






18 

22 
19 
86 


. ' 








Total 


I 

867 


808 


596 


614 


2 


2 


654 


977 


1 776 


877 



17 



258 



LEGISLATIVE* MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

RAMSEY. 





Representatives in 


Congress 


Governor 


•u. S. 

Senator 




OS 

• 


• 


Q 


P 


c 


c 


em 

• 


P 




• • 




• 


• 


^ 




H- < 


>-* 


• 




t— • 


« 


• 


1 

Precinct 


• 

C 



• 
• 
• 


w 

ctf 


ll 


• 
• 

ll 

V 

o. 


• 
• 

to 

c 


■ 

c 
o 

en 


• 
• 
• 




• 

c 
o 


• 

13 

J3 




o 






U 


o 


o 
o 


I.I 

u 


c 

O 
•— > 

• 

< 




St 


c 

J5 


u 


■ 


• 

< 


• 


• 

P 
0) 

.2 

O 

H 


o 


U 

0) 

u 

M 


• 

Q 


3 

n 

c 
.a 
o 


o 

p 


• 
• 

1^ 


• 



Lillehoff . . . 
Lawton . . . . 
Newland . . 
Highland . . 
Bartlett Tp. 

Hope 

Newbre . . 
Triumph . . . 
Fancher . . . 
Prospect . . . 
Odessa . . . . 
Stevens . . . 
Ontario . . . 
Noonan . . . . 

V.^aVO ■ • • • • • 

Overland . . 
Northfield . 
South Min- 

newaukan . 
Minnewaukan 
Morris . . 
Cleveland . . 
Sullivan . . 
Royal .... 

J^aKC • • • • • • 

Freshwater . 
Webster . . . 
Bergen . . . . 
Pleasant . . . 
Grand Harbor 
Dry Lake . . . 
DeGroat . . . 
Norway .. .. 

Coulee • 

Irvine 

Churchs Ferry 

Village . ... 
Edmore Village 
Starkweather 

Village . . . 
Crary Village 
Devils Lake — 

1st Ward .. 

2d Ward .. 



24 


1 
20' 


65 


64 


53 


49 


38 


35 


54 


45 


12 


7 


23 


18 


12 


8 


22 


lb. 


32 


26 


16 


19 


24 


24 



22 
21 
22 
21 
42 

18 
48 
26 
19 
12 
23 
53 
24 
27 
27 
18 
50 
18 
26 
24 
83 
18 

51 
53 

38 
34 

107 
48 



23 

22 

21- 

18i 

45 

18 
47 
27 
19 

111 
20i 

53 
22 
24 
26 
50 
60 
18 
23 
25 
38 
18 

47 
44 

371 

341 

I 

1091 

591 



14 
89 

5 
13 
19 
13 
13 
12 
25 

5 
24 
16 
23 
19 

7 
18 
34 

12 
21 
18 
17 
14 
19 
42 
14 
29 

7 
20 
48 
14 
11 

4 

88 

• . . . 

13 
31 

19 
37 

76 
22 



iJfi 
86 

6 
12 
15 
10 
11 
12 
24 

6 
25 
18 
27 
20 

7 
18 
34 

12 
22 
17 
17 
15 
20 
42 
15 
28 

7 
19 
49 
16 
10 

7 
38 

1 

11 
25 

18 
32 

89 
25 



I 



6 



6 
1 



17 


18 


6 


28 


65 


43 




44 


46 


11 




52 


28 


23 




22 


40 


32 




19 


4 


17 




2 


17 


19 




15 


8 


14 




13 


15 


32 




21 


29 


18 




22 


8 


38 




18 


21 


24 




27 


14 


36 


22 


19 


23 




14 


19 


13 




14 


21 


21 




19 


82 


61 




26 


14 


18 




17 


32 


38 




47 


16 


32 




24 


17 


19 




20 


11 


16 




12 


14 


84 


4 


7 


41 


61 




48 


14 


28 




18 


12 


46 




19 


22 


17 




22 


14 


28 




7 


44 


61 




46 


14 


22 




16 


14 


80 




88 


18 


16 




80 


26 


60 




20 


18 


8 

27 




16 


39 




46 


42 


89 




85 


26 


36 




17 


20 


84 




19 


82 


181 


7 


76 


36 


49 


1 


28 



4 

28 

3 

18 

84 

7 

16 

6 

18 

21 

12 

13 

12 

9 

8 

14 

82 

4 

6 
IS 

4 
13 
28 
27 
15 
18 
11 


87 
11 
10 

2 
16 

6 

16 
22 

86 
28 

86 
81 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



259 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

RAMSEY— Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



^ 



O 

o 

O 



V 

< 



(« 



c 



V 
M 

cd 
U 



to 
.3 

o 
H 



o 

d 
o 






o. 

o 

o 

U 



u 

C 






c 

p 



Governor 



OS 



c 

o 

CO 

C 
.a 
o 



< 



3 
.« 

C 

.a 

o 



c 



o 

Q 



•U. S. 
Senator 



OS 

• 


OS 

• 


• 

c 


• 
• 


o 


cd 


(0 


.a 


c 


CD 


.a 


U 


►2. 




• 


b 


• 


• 



3d Ward E 
3d Ward W 
Bartlett Village 
Brockett Vil. 



ToUl .. 



79 


77 


64 


68 


5 


5 


531 103 


5 


48 


104 


98 


81 


88 


9 


7 


73 


136 


10 


79 


13 


11 


12 


11 


3 


3 


9 


16 


3 


6 


25 


28 


18 


18 


3 


3 


18 


25 


3 


16 


1519 


1445 


1000 


1012 


38 


36 


1141 


1556 


39 1147 



68 

75 

2 

13 



837 



260 



LEGISrj^TIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1908.— €k>nrd. 

RANSOBC 



Precinct 



Representathres in 


Congresf 


G 


ovcrn 


em 

• 


• 


a 


Q 




c 


0< 

• 


P 

• 




• 






•-H 


^-4 


• 




c 

c 


• 
• 
• 




u 


• 
• 

V 


• 

c 


• 

i 


• 
• 
• 
• 


O 

• 

© 

-< 


c 


• 

« 

.a 


o 

d 

• 

o 


o 
o 
U 
« 
u 

e 

II 

& 


V 

• 

Q 




V 

u 
3 

m 
5 






o 
Q 

fa* 



•U. S. 
Senator 



A d 




• • • • 



Coburn 
Greene . . . 
Liberty . . 
Moore .... 
Preston . . 
Northland . . 
Fort Ransom 
Springer . . 
Tuller .... 
Casey .... 
Shenford . . 
Owego .... 
Sandoun . % 
Big Bend . . 
Island Park 
Elliott .... 
Hanson . . . 
Roland . . . 
Alleghany . . 

■tjolC • • • • • • 

Aliceton . . 
SYi of 134-64 
Lisbon — 

1st Ward . 

2d Ward . 

3d Ward . 

.aydna 

Rosemeade . 
Sheldon . . . 
Enderlin — 

Ist Ward . 

2d Ward . 

3d Ward . 



21 
32 
85 
62 
49 
44 
71 
41 
85 
56 
48 
44 
20 
36 
29 
88 
49 
14 
33 
18 
47 
8 

75 
107 
61 
23 
30 
43 

61 
34 
56 



20 
81 
20 
54 
41 
89 
63 
34 
81 
58 
40 



8 

8 

7 

7 

6 

10 

18 

13 

10 

13 

29 



441 10 



19 
34 
33 
37 
46 
13 
35 
20 
38 
8 

77 
110 



12 
13 
]9 
18 
21 
19 
6 
9 
11 
10 

40 
46 



691 16 



17 
30 
40 

64 
34 
56 



3 

11 
41 

41 
35 
17 



8 

8 

8 

9 

7 

9 

19 

12 

10 

13 

30 

10 

12 

16 

18 

16 

19 

20 

6 

9 

11 

10 

37 
39 
14 
5 
11 
37 

40 
32 
47 



20 

28 
25 
53 
42 
39 
38 
80 
32 
48 
39 
40 
25 
34 
20 
86 
39 
17 
38 
18 
88 
8 

65 
88 
52 
20 
80 
38 

46 
24 

48 



4 




12 


18 




11 


17 




25 


20 


i 


45 


17 




38 


19 




41 


58 




74 


26 




26 


18 




12 


26 




37 


40 




20 


17 




35 


14 




17 


22 




9 


80 




4 


28 




12 


83 




21 


19 




2 


8 




12 


16 




7 


19 




27 


18 




5 


68 




33 


85 




36 


38 




20 


9 




12 


18 




19 


48 




17 


70 




41 


62 




18 


68 




89 



12 
20 
16 
21 
21 

S 
10 
23 
81 
83 
45 
16 
19 

9 
37 
45 
49 
34 
24 
17 
14 
17 

62 
98 
63 
16 
15 
63 

65 
87 
44 



Total . . 



1320 1255 



556 



537 



1107 



911 



727 



974 



STATE OF N 



Vote By PrBclnoU, 1908.— Cont'd. 

RICHLAND. 





Rep. 


e»n 


t.ti»e» In Cm 










•u. s. 

Senator 




K 


1 


Q 


, 


« 


Q 


1 


"=: 


1 


Precinct 


p 


- 


3 

Q 




3 


= 




g 


■a 




c 


# 




■g 


t 


s 


;» 


3 




s 


ed 


J 




< 


t: 


li 


K 


b: 




^ 


J 


H 






iJ 


•^ 


i-i 




t- 




nn 




t* 


4S 




^ 






































































































































Si 




'' 












*L 






















































































































































































































































































































































KS 


214 




i? 






?fl 


















"fe". .' 






















































































































Brandenburg . 
Gr™t EenJ 














































Villsge . .. 


S1 


ar 


1( 








































































































































































































































S6 


!T 


SI 


11 






11 


















Granl 


IS 


le 


1!7 


MV 






IS 











STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



263 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

ROLETTE. 



Precinct 



Representatives in 


Congress 


OS 

• 


X 


Q 


Q 


•s 





• 


• 






t-4 


l-l 


• 

c 


• 
• 
• 


>» 

o 




• 

u 


ti 


c 


rt 


tt 


u 


o. 


c 


o 


a 
c 


U 


o 


o 

o 




O 


£ 


Q 


1^ 






•-» 




CA 


• 


• 94 

u 


• 


V 


PQ • 


.2 

.o 


O 


C 


Q 


(0 




o 


• 


U 


• 


< 


•-) 


H 


o 


U- 


U 



Governor 



c 
o 

w 

C 

J3 

O 



< 





u 

zs 

c 

o 



o 



O 

Q 



•U. S. 
Senator 

Pi 



c 
o 

CA 

C 

x: 
o 



IS 



.a 

« 

IS 



St. John Village 

Baxter 

Fairview . . . . 
Hutchinson . 

Holmes 

Willow Lake . 
Gilbert Tp. .. 
Currie Tp. . . . 

Russell 

Dunseith City 
Thome Village 
Rolla City . . . 
Mount Pleasant 
Oxford . . . 
Ellsworth . 
Mylo Village 
Pleasant Valley 
Island Lake 
Union . . . . 
Rolette . . . 
McCumber . 
Leonard . . 
Hillside . . . 
Shell Valley 
Maryville . . 
Wolf Creek 
South Valley 
Rice's . . . . 
Finnegan . . 
Kohlmeier . . 



36 
29 
20 
71 
40 
33 
22 
20 

3 
31 
16 
84 
34 
32 
17 
14 
20 

9 
10 
32 

4 
28 

5 
15 
28 
20 
22 
34 
25 
35 



36 
28 
20 
72 
37 
38 
21 
18 

2 
33 
14 
83 1 
311 
27 
17 
13 
24 
12 
10 
30 

4 
26 

4 
11 
26 
17 
19 
88 
25 
80 



89 

19 

15 

16 

8 

20 

7 

7 

13 

29 

]2 

29 

4 

4 

7 

14 
10 
16 
12 
41 
2 
19 
31 
11 
25 
29 
13 
22 
22 
19 



39 

20 

16 

17 

10 

17 

8 

6 

12 

22 

11 

26 

4 

4 

9 

11 

10 

18 

11 

87 

4 

14 

81 

8 

25 

28 

11 

22 

18 

18 



8 
20! 

1 

1 
15 

2 



3 



Total 



798 



756 515 



481 



61 



7 
20 

1 

1 
15 

2 



81 
SO 
7 
62 
34 
32 
22 
18 

» • • 

81 

7 

89 

20 

10 

14 

7 

21 

6 

6 

19 



16 
8 
7 
16 
11 
14 
26 
17 
27 



61 
26 
44 
88 
27 
28 
16 
10 
25 
40 
22 
89 
23 
34 
15 
28 
21 
24 
24 
67 
8 
38 
36 
20 
39 
42 
24 
86 
82 
84 



6 
19 

1 

1 
12 

2 






51 I 6501 953 



43 



84 
80 
20 
68 
81 
80 
17 

9 

6 
16 

6 
68 
22 
22 
17 
12 
27 
10 

4 
36 

4 
37 

1 
10 

7 
19 
24 
61 
20 
89 



682 



12 
18 
29 
S8 
22 
11 
16 
12 
17 
29 
18 
37 
19 
25 
9 
14 
14 
14 
7 
26 
4 
8 
6 
16 
42 
28 
13 
13 
25 
21 



560 



264 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

SARGENT. 



• 


Representatives in 


Congress 


Governor 


•U. S. 
Senator 




• 


Pi 


Q 


•P 







OS 

• 


R 




em 

• 


t 




• 








H4 


1-1 


• 




1-4 


• 


• 


Precinct 


• 

g 


ti 




u 


• 
• 

U 


60 

C 


• 

a 


• 
• 
• 
• 
• 




m 

C 
o 

2 


• 

JS- 




o 
u 


C 


U 


o 


o 
o 


•c 


c 


V 


> 


.a 






• 

V 

•— t 
0) 

< 


m 

PQ 
.J 


• 

P 
m 

.a 


6 

• 

o 


u 

0) 

u 

c 

cfl 

u 

fa 




o 

• 

< 




u 

3 

PQ 



ja 
o 


o 

p 

• 

fa 

• 


o 

« 
• 

1^ 


(0 

• 

fa 

• 


Bowen 


30 
43 


26 
42 


23 

7 


21 
6 






21 
89 


34 

10 




15 
11 


14 


Brampton . . . 
Denver 






40 


20 


19 


18 


17 






22 


28 




7 


41 


Dunbar 


33 


31 


19 


18 






31 


24 




86 


13 


Forman . . . . 


. 71 


69 


38 


38 






59 


64 




44 


88 


XXall •••• •••• 


67 


67 


25 


23 






51 


50 




65 


7 


Harlem • . • . • 


34 
31 
25 


33 
32 
26 


14 
22 

14 


15 
20 
13 






80 
26 
24 


20 
80 
18 




72 

17 

6 


87 


Herman . . . . 






16 


Jackson . . 
Kingston . . 
Marboe 


• • • • 




38 


38 


36 


32 


82 


3 


8 


18 


57 


3 


7 


20 


28 

110 

63 


30 

106 

59 


5 
41 
21 


5 
44 
21 






24 
79 
41 


16 
77 
48 


. *. . . 


88 
81 
62 


8 


Milnor 






58 


Ransom 






18 


Rutland . . . . 


29 


24 


27 


27 


1 


1 


15 


41 


1 


88 


10 


Sargent 


81 


30 


19 


19 






29 


28 




20 


28 


Shuman 


39 


34 


21 


22 






81 


82 




48 


18 


Southwest . . 


15 


1.) 


6 


5 






15 


8 




10 


16 


Taylor 


27 


27 


14 


14 






22 


19 




6 


87 


Tewaukon . . . 


39 


31 


20 


22 


11 


ii 


28 


42 


9 


51 


21 


Verner 


33 
42 
55 


28 
42 
56 


11 
13 
49 


11 
13 
51 


^ 




28 
28 
49 


22 
80 
59 




11 
18 
82 


40 


Vivian 






87 


Weber 






60 


White Stone 








Hill 


51 
28 


47 
26 


81 

12 


27 
13 






48 
24 


40 
20 




28 
15 


22 


Willey 






15 


Cogswell . 


61 


62 


36 


84 






52 


50 


18 


11 
679 


70 








Total 


1043 


998 


588 


582 


15 


15 


829 


847 


726 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



265 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

STARK. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



OS 



a 



en 

< 



S 

c 



V 



U 



01 

.a 

o 
H 



Dickinson — 
1st Ward 
2d Ward 
8d Ward 
4th Ward 

-Gladstone . . 

Taylor . . . . 

Richardton . 

Antelope . . 

South Hart 

Belfield . . . 

Lehigh . . . 

Springvale . 

Farmers Valley 

Plum Creek 

Pleasant Valley 

St. Mary's . 

Stolz 

Heart River 

Dagltmi . . . 

Hungary . . 

Rader . . , . 



138 
67 
74 
48 
84 
67 
46 
28 
17 
61 
24 

6 
23 
38 
36 
14 
43 
19 
33 
48 

7 



145 
72 
79 
49 
87 
09 
49 
30 
18 
52 
24 

7 
22 
39 
36 
17 
44 
19 
33 
43 

9 



I 



o 

•.^ 

II 

:^ 

o 



50 


49 


28 


23 


81 


29 


20 


20 


19 


22 


21 


21 


26 


22 


11 


10 


22 


24 


26 


23 


14 


14 


27 


27 


7 


7 


5 


5 


49 


50 


34 


29 


8 


7 


1 


1 


8 


8 


14 


14 


8 


9 



a 



o. 
o 
o 
U 
0) 
u 
C 

OS 



a 



bo 

c 



P 



Governor 



o 

S 

c 

o 



< 



V 
u 

d 
c 

M 

O 



143 
66 
76 
60 
88 
70 
84 
29 
18 
50 
23 
7 
24 
85 
39 

48 

181 
81 
43 
5 



Total .. ... 



906 



948 



I I 
4281 414 • 

I I 



895 



o 



o 

Q 

•J 



•U. S. 
Senator 



c 
o 

s 

O 







- 


73 


1 


54 


41 


1 


42 


38 




80 


28 




10 


33 




38 


26 




18 


48 




44 


11 




11 


28 




4 


31 




13 


49 


1 


16 


29 




5 


8 




6 


9 




11 


56 




27 


89 




25 


10 




26 


2 




15 


18 




5 


16 




20 


13 




6 


599 


3 


421 



OS 



.a 

« 



115 

47 
57 
24 
40 
54 
20 
16 
10 
51 
36 

1 
22 
82 
44 

4 
19 

6 
25 
15 
10 



648 



266 



LF.r.TSLATTVK MANUAT- 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

STEELE. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



OS 



18 

C 
C 

o 
u 

O 



V 

< 



x 



c 

C 






0) 

.2 

O 

H 



u 
O 
"-> 

IS 

O 

o 



o 



V 

a 

o 
o 
U 

w 

u 

C 

U 

fa 



c 



C 

'C 
Q 



Governor 



f6 



c 
o 
to 

c 
.a 

o 



< 





u 

s 

c 
o 






o 
Q 

• 

fa 

•J 



•U. S. 
Senator 



P^ 



c 
o 

s 

o 



IS 



.C3 
« 

IS 
fa' 



Newburg . 
Beaver Creek 
Westfield .. . 
Sharon 

Enger 

Golden Lake 
Finley Tp. . . 
Franklin . . . 
Primrose . . . 
Sherbrooke . 
Easton . . 
Greenview . 
Edendale . . . 

Hugo 

Melrose . . 
Riverside . . 
Broadlawn . 
Colgate . . 
Carpenter . , 
Willow Lake 
Finley Village 
Hope aty— 

1st Ward . 

2d Ward . 

3d Ward . 



61 
32 
33 
67 
78 
40 
23 
33 
58 
35 
27 
35 
15 
23 
31 
26 
27 
30 
33 
18 
64 

49 
27 
33 



53 

26 

24 

59i 

69 

31 

18 

34 

56 

35 

19 

34 

15 

23 

28 

28 

26 

30 

36 

12 

64 

49 
25 

30 



12 

9 

13 

30 

I • • 

7 

6 

4 

3 

10 

1 

4 

10 

13 

12 

4 

11 

24 

13 

10 

26 

26 
15 
16 



Total .. 



898] 824 278 



14 
12 






46 
22 


33 
25 


• • • • 

8 


71 
44 


3^ 


3 


20 
40 






27 

60 


28 

47 




42 
90 






2 






71 


9 




77 


13 
11 

8 






25 
17 
36 


22 

16 

9 




48 
29 
38 










5 






58 


6 




47 


13 






84 


15 




26 


6 
4 






20 
20 


9 
19 




19 
84 






11 






13 


13 




16 


17 






22 


17 




17 


19 






30 


18 




21 


7 
14 






26 
27 


9 
16 




22 
26 


• . . • 




31 






25 


86 




10 


17 






36 


20 




87 


33 


i 




24 


20 




80 


29 






47 


66 




64 


41 
23 
30 






62 
22 

28 


42 
26 
29 

682 


8 


86 
15 
30 

874 
















420 


4 


8 


787 
1 



4 
1 
7 
8 
4 
& 
1 
5 

18^ 

21 

i(y 

4 
8 
15 
18 
9- 
14 
19 
12 
16^ 
80 

1» 
1ft 
12^ 



265. 



i 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



267 



Vote By Precincts, 1908.— Ck>nt'a. 

STUTSMAN. 





Representatives in Congress 


Governor 


•u. 

Sen 

• 


S. 
ator 




06 

• 


OC 


Q 


Q 


e 


c 


OS 


Q 


e 


• 




m 




• 




H4 


y-* 


• 


• 


t— • 




• 


Precinct 


a 

V 


c 
c 


U 

• 
(0 

.a 
•g 


i 


• 
U 

& 

<3 

m 
u 




• 
• 

C 
t 

Q 


c' 

S 

c 

m 

< 


• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

u 
3 


o 
Q 

• 


c 

S 

c 

M 

• 


• 

IS 

•s 




< 


^ 


H 


o 


U. 


U 





o 


h4 


:? 


H 


Ashland . . . . 


1 
23 


1 

21 


31 


Oi • • . . 




17 


40 




10 


15 


Banner 


17 


]7 


11 


11 






14 


14 




7 


18 


Buchanan . . . 


31 


31 


17 


16 






24 


30 




15 


24 


Bloom 


15 


16 


26 


27 






21 


38 




14 


25 


Bloomfield . . 


37 


36 


23 


21 


.... 




38 


23 




31 


27 


Chase Lake 


21 
14 


18 
15 










18 
11 


3 
20 




9 
14 


n 


Chicago 

Corinne 


16 


16 






11 


19 


17 


15 


14 






13 


23 




4 


34 


Courtenay . . 


81 


79 


75 


71 






65 


98 




34 


71 


Corwin 


19 


22 


6 


4 






18 


11 




13 


10 


Denny 

Deer Lake . . . 


10 


11 


13 


13 






11 


15 




10 


14 


15 


16 


12 


12 




15 


15 




8 


i> 


Durham 


8 
35 
21 


9 
36 
21 


41 

7 

12 


41 

6 

12 






6 
33 
17 


46 
13 
18 




16 
25 
11 


29 


£dmunds . . 






21 


Eldridge . ... 
Flint 






25 


41 


41 


52 


52 






82 


63 




34 


41 


Gerber 


23 


25 


24 


26 






20 


37 




19 


31 


Griffin 


32 


30 


1 


2 






34 


1 




27 


10 


Homer 


24 


21 


22 


19 






16 


35 




9 


24 


Jamestown — 








1st Ward . . 


120 
163 


126 
167 


73 
131 


69 
126 






94 
124 


118 
206 




72 

80 


104 


2d Ward .. 


1 


1 


136 


3d Ward .. 


76 


75 


68 


66 


2 


2 


73 


1 88 


i 


44 


73 


4 th Ward . . 


89 


89 


62 


63 


2 


1 


70 


106 


1 


37 


82 


Kensal 


60 


61 


01 


62 






43 


83 




45 


59 


X^wton 


12 
18 


11 
20 


14 
8 


15 
6 






11 
18 


, 17 
14 




6 
14 


11 


Lippert 

Lowery 

Lyon 

Manus 






9 


22 


20 


15 


15 






16 


22 




18 


10 


12 


10 


15 


15 






13 


15 




10 


19 


22 


19 


11 


10 






19 


14 




13 


12 


IVfarston Moor 


18 
20 
12 
20 
31 


15 
23 
15 
20 
S2 


13 

16 

9 

9 

17 


14 

16 
7 
9 

16 






14 
15 
13 
19 
31 


20 
23 
12 

11 
18 




10 
8 
10 
24 
15 


15 


Melvin 






11 


Midway 

Mt. Pleasant . 






13 






9 


Montpelier . . 
Mutz 






18 


10 


11 


42 


40 






10 


45 




14 


23 


Nelson 


13 

20 


13 
20 


5 
12 


4 
12 






13 
18 


8 
20 




10 
22 


6 


Newberry . . . 
Nogoset . . . . 






12 


13 


14 


n 


10 






12 


13 




8 


7 




10 
11 


11 
9 


11 

4 


10 
4 






13 
11 


10 

4 




9 
11 


8 


Peterson . . . . 






3 


Pingree 


30 


29 


25 


22 






24 


82 




19 


25 


Pipestem Val- 
























Iwjr • • • • • • • 


20 


20 


10 


9 


• • • • 


• • « • 


19 


11 


• • • • 


12 


16 



26S 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1908.— €k>nfd. 

STUTSMAN-Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in 


Congress 


G 


ovenM 


OS 

• 


OS 


Q 




• 






Pi 

m 


Q 

• 


• 








»-• 


HH 


• 




• 

c 
e 

2 
o 

• 

«i 

45 


C 
C 


V 

w 

• 

Q 
« 


• 
• 
• 

u 
o 

d 

• 

o 


• 
• 

i-i 
«i 
o. 

o 

6 

.S 

*o 

e 

£ 


• 
• 

to 

e 

••• 

u 

V 

• 

Q 


e 

s 

c 

o 

• 

< 




• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

u 
3 

n 

e 

o 



•u. s. 

Senator 



c 



o 
Q 



, P^ 



c 

o 
w 
c 

o 






u 
ta 



• • • 



Plainvicw 
Rose .... 
Roosevelt 
Sharlow . 
Spiritwood 
Spiritwood 

Uke 
Stirton 
St. Paul 
Strccter 
Strong . . ... 
Valley Spring 
Walters . . . . 
Washington . 

Weld 

Windsor . . 
Woodbury . . 
Vpsilanti . . . 



Total 



11 
17 
15 
33 
37 

12 
23 
8 
76 
31 
18 
16 
10 
81 
11 
21 
28 



11706 



11 

18 


10 
22 


8 
22 


• ••• •••• 

1 


5 

1 16 


16 
1 27 




9 
18 
11 
11 
19 

10 

12 

18 

18 

26 

5 

7 

5 

17 

7 

14 

29 


!.'> 


5 
13 
23 

23 
20 
15 
20 


5 
16 
26 

23 

20 

16 

20 

10 

6 

6 

5 

24 

9 

4 

11 




1 - • - - 


16 
29 
26 

9 
25 

5 
63 
29 
16 
16 

6 
23 

8 
29 
27 


6 
22 
41 

80 
t9 
19 
35 
17 
10 

7 
11 
39 
17 

4 
18 




34 






30 

11 

26 

8 

76 




* * * *• 


29' 10 






18 


7 

6 

6 

23 

12 

2 

12 






15 
9 






?6 






11 
28 






27 


.... 




1704 


1274 


1244 


5 


4 


1462 


1798 


2 


1042 



13 
28 
7 
87 
19 

24 

80 

11 

77 

13 

20 

3 

8 

34 

14 

18 

6 



1602 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



269 



Vote By Precincts, ^ 1908. — Cont'd. 

TOWNER. 





Representatives in 


Congress 


Governor 


•U. S. 
Senator 




0^ 

• 


0^ 

• 


Q 


Q 


a 





0^ 

• 


Q 





• 


06 

• 






• 






t-^ 


1-4 


• 




1-1 


• 


• 


Precinct 




• 
• 

• 

3 

a 


1 


o 


1 


• 



t: 


• 

a 

S 

c 


• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

Si 


BK 




o 

1 


• 

M 
M 

!3 




V 

45 




• 

« 

•J 


d 

• 

o 


•s 

§ 


V 

• 

M 


• 

< 




u 



a 


• 
• 




Ooolin • • • • . . 


17 
13 


18 
24 
13 


10 

11 

19 


7 
11 
17 






12 

17 
14 


19 
28 
23 




9 
12 

5 


14 


AA&ZA .... ... 






il 


Metcalf 






7 


Dewey 


37 


35 


9 


10 






30 


IS 




36 


11 


Badger 


34 


35 


38 


38 






17 


69 




11 


33 


Olson 


20 
27 
38 
16 
18 
19 
18 


23 
27 
36 
15 
17 
16 
24 


10 
11 
18 
13 
20 
21 
12 


10 
10 
17 
12 
18 
17 
12 






18 
24 
32 
8 
9 
13 
12 


19 
23 
26 
21 
32 
29 
26 




14 
12 
22 
11 
19 
8 
16 


17 








6 


Victor . . .... 






22 








15 


Considine . . 






17 


New City .... 
Twin Hill .... 






2 






21 


Crocus 


24 


19 


23 


21 






16 


34 




89 


11 


Nelson 


26 
27 


22 
27 


6 
11 


5 
11 






20 
23 


19 
23 




31 
84 


5 


Greenfield . . 






10 




21 
20 


18 
18 


14 
16 


16 
15 






15 
16 


30 
26 




12 
15 


28 


Virginia . . . . 






25 


Howell 


18 
17 


17 
16 


18 
5 


17 
5 






9 
16 


28 
8 




18 
14 


16 


Monroe . . 






6 


Mt. Pleasant . 


17 


18 


14 


13 






17 


17 




7 


17 


Rock Lake . . . 


12 
26 
30 


13 
26 
30 


22 

16 

9 


22 
15 

8 






10 
20 
31 


28 
23 
11 




10 
13 
19 


21 


Armourdala . 






21 


Lake View . . . 






21 


Oash 


21 


26 


8 


9 






24 


19 




8 


15 


Bryan 


21 


17 


27 


28 






16 


34 




14 


29- 


Sidney 


42 


46 


30 


27 






33 


50 




2 


10 


Picton 


11 


13 


18 


18 






11 


22 




10 


18 


Cando 


137 


128 


77 


81 


18 


17 


87 


156 


17 


42 


137 


Bisbee 


54 
81 
21 


40 
30 
22 


21 
]4 

18 


21 
12 
19 






34 
27 
11 


49 
26 
38 




44 
28 
12 


18 


Perth 






13 


Egeland 






18 


Rock Lake Vil. 


19 


15 


25 


24 






13 
655 


39 1 


8 
554 


12 








1 






Total 


882 


844 


584 
1 


566 


18 


17 


1012 


17 


62& 



•270 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1908.-^Coiit*d. 

TRAILL. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



Governor 



o 
c 

o 
u 






06 



e 
c 

c« 



U 



to 

.3 
x> 
o 

H 



o 
•—% 

d 
o 






4> 

a 
o 

o 

U 

m 

*S 

C 
« 



c 



bo 

c 



V 



OS 



o 
o 

CD 

c 

M 
O 



< 



4) 

3 

c 
o 



c 



o 

•J 



•u. s. 

Senator 



• 


• 


m 

C 


• 
• 


o 


(0 


w 


X 


c 


m 


U3 


u 


»2. 




« 


• 


m 


• 



Belmont . . 
Blanchard . 
Bloomfield . 
Bohnsack . . 
Buxton . . 
Caledonia . . 
Eldorado . . 
Elm River 
Ervin . . . . 
Galesburg . , 
Garfield . . 
Hillsboro . . 
Kelso^ . . . . 
Mayville . 
Morgan . . 
Norman . . 
Norway . . 
Roseville . . 
Wold .. .. 
Stavanger . . 
Hillsboro City 
Mayville City 
Hatton City . . 
Reynolds City 
Portland . . . . 



41 
35 
40 
26 
84 
67 
49 
9 
50 
45 
52 
23 
14 
58 
47 
43 
55 
90 
25 
50 
136 
123 
78 
24 
70 



411 
27' 
39 
28 
70 
61 
50 
13 
49 
43 
34 
22 
19 
52 
4x 
39 
46 
81 
20 
46 
132 
111 
67 
26) 
651 



6 

12 

2 
22 
18 
20 

9 
12 

8 
15 
10 
10 
12 
13 

8i 
171 

91 

51 
181 
201 
49' 
46 
31 
21 

7 



4 

12 

2 
24 
24 
22 

8 
12 

8 
16 
13 
10 
12 
17 

8 
21 

8 

8 
20 
23 
47 
44 
28 
15 

8 



14 


14 






"3 


"3 














"5 


"4 



32 
23 
28 
11 
58 
48 
41 

8 
37 
35 
32 
21 

7 
36 
30 
33 



16 
30 
21 
49 
53 
57 
20 
18 
29 
28 
29 
15 
25 
47 
27 
38 



30i 40 
711 27 



14 
31 
88 
88 
59 
17 
66 



35 
39 
123 
93 
56 
30 
19 



14 









3 



40 
24 
42 

78 
50 
41 
10 
39 
42 
67 
80 
9 
61 
43 
64 
66 
90 
40 
49 
164 
124 
98 
21 
61 



5 

15 

8 

2 

18 

85 

6 

11 

13 

8 

3 

6 

11 

10 

7 

4 

2 

8 

4 

19 

22 

44 

13 

18 

16 



Total .... 



1334,12221 400 



414 



22 



21 



943, 969 



22 



1825 



801 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



271 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

WALSH. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



(kS 



c 
d 

o 

o 



it 

< 



Walshville . 
Pulaski 
Acton .... 
St. Andrews 
Ardoch Tp. , 
Harriston . 
Oakwood . . 
Martin . . . . 
Forest River Tp 
Walsh Centre 
Crafton Tp. 
Farmington . 

x.^|/S • • • • • • • 

Prairie Centre 

Fertile 

Glenwood . . 

Fden 

Kushford . . 
Kensington . 
Dundee . . 
Medford . . 
Vernon . . 
Golden . . 
Lampton . . 
Cleveland . 
Norton . . 
Vesta .... 
Tiber . . . . 
Perth .... 
Latona . . 
Adams Tp. 
Silvesta . . 
Sauter . . . 
Shepherd . . 
Dewey . . 
Kinloss . . 
Orafton — 

1st Ward 

2d Ward 

3d Ward 

4th Ward 
Minto — 

1st Ward 

2d Ward 



241 
4 
32 
28 
20 

81 
36 
31 
34 
29 
69 
39 
11 
21 
69 
37 
12 
17 
27 
56 
50 
26 
31 
47 
38 
29 
33 
57 

5 
11 
30 
39 

6 
36 
32 
32 

48 
49 
65 
40 

15 
15 



Qi 



c 
o 

c« 

W 



I 24| 241 



24 
6 
32 
30 
20 
101 
37 
29 
32 
30 
65 
37 
11 
21 
65 
41 
14 
17 
20 
49 
53 
26 
31 
42 
38 
33 
30' 
58i 
5 
9 
25 
81 
6 
30 
27 
25 

51 
45 
55 
49 

16 
15 



It 



CO 

.a 

O 

H 



46 
84 
48 
32 
55 
63 1 
74 
31 
S2 
41 
20 
25 
37 
74 
14 
27 
30 
41 
26 
21 
28 
28 
24 
11 
22 
90 
13 
12 
44 
33 
15 
13 
30 
44 
3 
16 

59 
40 
51 
51 

21 
25 



o 
•J? 

o 



a 



a 

o 

o 

U 



u 

C 






C 

u 

w 

Q 



Governor 



a 

c 
.a 

o 



< 



It 

M 

u 

d 

n 

c 
o 






o 
Q 



•U. S. 
Senator 



c 

o 

CO 

C 

M 

O 






46 
80 
37 
32 
53 
591 

6r 

29 
30 
38 
17 
21 
37 
69 
12 
22 
28 
41 
28 
20 
23 
28 
19 
10 
20 
82 
13 
12 
44 
34 
15 
10 
30 
42 
5 
15 

36 
27 
35 
20 

15 
23 



I...I 



1 

1 

13 



1 

1 

13 



2 


2 


• • • • 

2 
1 


• • • • 

2 

1 


• • • • 

16 

4 
5 
2 


• • • • 

14 
5 

4 
2 


• • • • 


.... 



20 

35> 

28 1 33 

201 60 

8. 64 



41 
28 
37 
25 
64 
41 

9 
21 
65 
40 
13 
14 
25 
49 
34 
24 
23 
42 
36 
26 
28 
55 

3 

9 
22 
26 

6 
31 
30 
23 

53 
53 
45 
36 

10 
8 



51. 

82 
41 



70 
34 
29 
45 
26 
28 
40 
72 
19 
32 
30 
44 
37 
33 
53 
23 
37 
15 
24 
102 
23 
20 
47 
37 
28 
29 
30 
51 
6 
25 

60 
57 
59 
53 

23 
81 



1 

• 


% 


• • • • 


17 


1 


4 


• • • • 


1 


• • • • 


2 


• • • • 


82 


2 


16 


• • • • 


19 


1 


19 


1 


64 


11 


36 




10 




62 




36 




11 




4 




3 




49 




20 


1 


23 




22 




36 




40 




38 




40 




50 




11 


2 


11 




23 




24 


2 




1 


32 


• • • • 


22 


• • • • 


82 


12 


42 


4 


51 


4 


41 


2 


28 


• • • • 


1 


• • • • 


2 



.a 

CO 

u 
(« 



15 

22 

74 

6 

8 

16 

13 

11 

9 

85 

12 
12 

10 
6 
7 
7 

14 

12 
3 
8 

16 

47 
14 
12 
31 
1 
14 
14 

11 

6 

15 

31 
14 
27 
22 

17 
15 



272 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Ck)nt'd. 

WALSH-Continued. 





Representatives in Congress 


Governor 


•U. S. 
Senator 


Precinct 


• 
• 
• 

a 

. 
it 

< 


• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

s 

c 
PQ 


i 

• 

Q 

m 

.a 

O 

H 


Q 

•J? 

d 

• 

o 


c 

1— 1 

• 
• 

a 

.s 

u 

c 

c« 

tt4 


c 

1— 1 

c 

V 

• 

p 


• 
m 

C 
O 
m 
C 
M 

• 

< 




• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

V 
M 

Ut 

d 
PQ 


M 

O 
»-» 


c 

H-l 

i 

Q 


06 

m 
• 
• 

C 
o 
m 

C 

M 

9 
• 


• 
• 
• 

•s 

u 
CO 

• 

• 


8d Ward . . 


27 
20 

30 
22 

28 
19 
66 
16 
6 
89 
60 
19 


28> 81 


29 
21 

10 
22 

22 

17 
42 
19 
47 
18 
18 
18 






25 
17 

24 
18 

23 

18 
57 
8 
6 
84 
87 
14 

1494 


82 
26 

21 
80 

82 
23 
54 
84 
48 
27 
41 
25 


• • • • 

1 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • « 

• • • • 

4 
1 

• • • • 

2 

• • • • 


10 

4 

18 
20 

8 

5 

53 

5 

8 

23 

86 

16 

1166 


84 


Ardoch Village 
Forest River 

Village . . . . 
Hoople Village 
Park River — 

Ist Ward . . 


18 

82 
20 

27 
20 
66 
7 
7 
88 
48 
16 


22 

12 
25 

26 
19 
89 
29 
48 
20 
22 
12 


1 


1 


12 
15 






7 






12 


2d Ward .. 
8d Ward . . 






12 
19 


Conway Village 
Pisek Village . 
Edinburp' Vil. 
Adams Village 
Fairdale Vil. 


4 
**3 

• • • • 


5 
**3 

• • • • 

58 


5 

7 

16 

18 

11 


Total 


1670 


1602 


1795 


1 
15961 59 

1 


2075 


52 


776 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



Vote By Precincts, 1908.— Cont'd. 

WARD. 



Colquboun . 
Prosperity ■ 
Stafford . . 
Lalceview .. 



Fay 

Vale 

Dtle 

Carter .. .. 
HinneiDta . . 
Rocktord . . 

H^merly ■. 
Horin' . . . 

Ihmlet .!' . 
McKinney .. 

Fairbanks . . 



Clayton . . 

Foot Hills . 
LeaE Mount 



R.pre«. 


talitet in 


Congrw 


« 


« 


Q 


P 


1 


■s 


1 


i 


1 


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1 


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1 


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R 


.... 




























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' 


^ 




?1 


! 




<• 


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i 


:::. 






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H 









































11 


"l 







2 


...! 


1* 


" 


« 





















































































































274 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

WARD— Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



^ 



^ 



s 

c 



CO 

(d 



CO 

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-^ 

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Governor 



CKS 



C 

o 

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c 
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Senator 



c< 


p$ 


• 


. 


• 


. 


• 


. 


c 


^ 


o 


eg 


« 


J3 


c 


« 


.a 


h 


^ 


eg 




\u 


• 


H 



Lorkwood . 
(nlluliQii .. . 
Ivntihoc . . 
(Irrciibush . . 

leaden 

Sjiniccr . . . . 
Kandiyohi . 
Twp. I5J)-01 

<lftrnr» 

Calville .. . 
Twp. 150 04 
Twp. 158-04 
I'owers Lake 
I'owcrs . . . . 
Twp. 158-01 
Twp. 158-00 
Crowfoot . . 
Lawlatid . . , 
t'nrbondnle . 
While Ash .. 

IMaiit 

Muskcffo , 
\'nn llurcn . , 
Kttsign . . 
IVcscott . . . 
Mnrnnret . . . 
Tatmnn . . 
Wat or ford . . 
St. Marv's . , 
Marylann . . 
Cnrpjo Tp. . 

Rec 

Stav^ 

Twp. 157-89 
Twp. 157-00 
Twp. 157-01 
Twp. 157-02 
Twp. 157-03 
White Earth . 
Twp. 156-04 
Manitou . . 

Ross 

Idaho 

Palermo . . 
McGahan . . 



37 
44 
26 
38 
20 
38 
21 
17 
18 
27 
17 
12 
23 
26 
12 
8 
23 
23 
20 
12 
80 
15 
32 
20 
22 
18 
17 
14 
16 
23 
34 
17 
18 

8 
11 
11 
10 
44 
20 
25 
44 
24 
47 
24 



36 
44 
16 
28 
26 
36 
20 
11 
10 
10 
11 
11 
20 
13 
8 
6 
14i 
23 
16 
10 
17 
17 
20 
26 
23 
16 
14 
11 
16 
17 
28 
14 
22 
7 
10 
6 
8 
16 
30 
23 
26 
30 
19 
.^0 
15 



11 



16 

8 

28 

21 



13 

21 

6 

8 

3 

2 

8 

8 

8 

6 

21 

15 

16 

18 

7 

13 

11 

12 

5 

4 

6 

27 

8 

5 

7 

16 

1 

2 

5 

I • ■ 

1 
17 

2 

9 
19 
15 
13 

9 



9 

12 

11 

7 

24 

20 

11 

12 

19 

6' 

6 

3 

2 

4 

9 

2 

4 

17 

13 

15 

14 

6 

14 

13 

12 

6 

5 

6 

79 

7 

4 

5 

12 

1 

1 

5 

1 

4 

12 

2 

8 

19 

12 

12 

7 



1 ... 



1 

• • • • 


1 


8 

21 

5 


2 

21 

5 


"i 


**i 














1 


1 


* *i 


*i 



22 


29 




11 


40 


32 




25 


20 


30 




23 


28 


24 




23 


14 


49 




25 


29 


54 




56 


20 


20 




20 


12 


17 




12 


10 


29 


.... 


17 


25 


16 




30 


19 


9 


2 


20 


16 


3 


1 


16 


17 


11 




25 


16 


20 




26 


11 


17 




15 


8 


5 




6 


18 


16 




26 


30 


40 




28 


25 


26 




21 


7 


30 




16 


20 


27 




28 


11 


22 




19 


26 


24 


1 


18 


23 


26 




8 


19 


16 




16 


19 


12 


3 


8 


11 


18 


21 


8 


7 


22 


3 


10 


13 


39 




16 


19 


28 




29 


27 


25 


1 


44 


22 


16 




18 


19 


27 




16 


1 


9 




9 


4 


17 




14 


4 


18 




12 


12 


5 




8 


20 


6 




21 


18 


54 




41 


14 


15 




21 


24 


12 


1 


20 


35 


42 




48 


13 


41 




21 


28 


42 




43 


14 


27 


i 


16 



83 

53 

16 

14 

86 

31 

16 

14 

18 

12 

7 

2 

3 

8 

9 

6 

10 

23 

16 

14 

20 

13 

24 

30 

14 

21 

24 

22 

29 

14 

12 

17 

26 

2 

7 

7 

8 

9 

80 

11 

15 

19 

27 

20 

22 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



275 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

WARI>--Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



c 
a 
o 

o 



V 



C 

o 

iS 



>% 

V 



U 



CO 

.a 

o 
H 



o 
1^ 

o 






o. 

o 

o 

U 

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u 

C 
c« 
Ii 



a 



bo 

c 

w 



Governor 






.a 

o 



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n 

c 
.a 

o 



c 



o 
Q 



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Senator 

en 



c 

c 
.a 
o 



1^ 



(0 

1^ 



£gan 

Passport . . . 
Berthold . . 
Foxholm . . . 
Twp. 156-84 
Eureka . . . . 
McKinley . . 
Maryland . . , 
Surrey . . . . 
Norway . . 
Harrison . . . 
Barlington . 
Des Lacs . . . . 
Mandan . . . 
Twp. 155-87 
Twp. 155-88 
Twp. 155-89 
Twp. 155-90 
Twp. 155-91 
Twp. 155-92 
Twp. 155-93 
Twp. 155-94 
Twp. 154-94 
Twp. 154-93 
Twp. 154-92 
Twp. 154-91 
Twp. 154-90 
Twp. 154-89 
Twp. 154-88 
Twp. 154-87 
Twp. 154-86 
Twp. 154-85 

Burt 

J^.f ton 

Twp. 154-82 
Twp. 154-81 
Twp. 153-81 

Willit 

Freedom . . . 
Torning . . . 

Vang 

Twp. 153-86 

Lund 

Spring Coulee 
and Plaza . 



15 

16 
35 
26 
18 
20 
38 
27 
34 
24 
53 
42 
42 
10 

6 
25 
20 
11 
19 
20 
22 
12 
15 
15 
13 
28 
28 
13 
10 

7 
15 
23 
39 
19 
19 
25 
54 
31 
35 f 



17 
19 
28 
23 
16 
19 
34 
18 
28 
23 
56 
39 
38 
10 
10 
18 
18 
11 
12 
15 
16 
12' 
101 
131 
121 
17| 
2, 
Ii, 
51 
5I 
16 
24 
26 
15 
16 
17 
53 
30 
24 



6 

13 

15 

17 

25 

7 

10 

8 

28 

24 

83 

11 

40 

13 

5 

2 

1 

2 

22 

6 

7 

4 

1 

6 

7 

12 

9 

5 

5 

1 

5 

12 

7 

7 

11 

6 

29 

15 

71 



13 


14 


2 


15 


5 


6 


15 


12 


2 


22 


11 


6 


74 


51 


26 



5 

14 

13 

12 

25 

6 

8 

7 

26 

24 

29 

8 

38 

9 

4 

4 

2 

2 

18 

6 

6 

4 



7 
8 

12 
9 
5 
6 
1 
4 

12 
8 
7 
9 
7 

29 

15 
7 
3 
4 
2 
6 

18 



2 

> • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 


1 
1 

• • « • 

• • • • 

• • • • 



18 
18 
32 
17 
16 
8 
19 
25 
40 
15 
40 
31 
36 
10 
10 
21 
18 
9 
8 
15 
20 
11 
10 
13 
14 
11 
23 
10 
8 
7 
14 
15 
20 
14 
11 
24 
53 
22 
16 
14 
10 
12 
17 

65 



7 
19 
20 
35 
38 
26 
32 
25 
44 
35 
72 
33 
59 
18 

8 
12 

8 
13 
45 
22 
12 

9 

6 
18 
24 
32 
20 
10 
15 

4 
10 
26 
84 
19 
26 
10 
50 
29 
33 

9 
12 

4 
14 

50 



1 

8 



• • • • 



2 
1 
3 



3 
1 



10 
18 
33 
14 

9 
23 
30 
19 
20 
25 
52 
34 
22 

7 

9 
19 
12 
16 

6 
19 
15 
11 

8 
15 
20 
21 
23 
11 
11 

6 
16 

82 

18 
23 
11 
27 
18 
23 
19 
18 
4 
19 

45 



18 
20 
17 
42 
16 
14 
20 
24 
38 
14 
38 
28 
19 
10 
12 
10 
17 

7 
35 
16 
20 

4 
11 
17 
19 
19 
17 
10 
10 

3 

9 

14 

13 

7 

17 

50 

29 

28 

3 

4 

7 

7 

58 



276 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1906. — Ck>nt'd. 

WARD — Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



« 



tS 



s 



.9 

o 
H 



hi 

o 

•J? 
O 

o 



c 



c 
P 



Governor 



d 
o 

CO 

C 
M 

O 



< 



V 

m 

o 






o 
Q 

.4 



•u. s. 

Senator 



d 



O 









Twp. 168-89 
Twp. 168-90 
Twp. 168-91 
Twp. 163-92 
Twp. 168-98 
Orlean . . . 
Twp. 162-86 
Twp. 152-86 
Twp. 152-84 
Twp. 152-83 
Twp. 152-82 
Bri lian . . 
1 wp. 161-81 
Twp. 161-82 
Twp. 161-83 
Twp. 161-84 
Cameron and 
Douglas . . 
Ryder Twp. 
Precinct 162 
Minot — 
l8t Ward 
2d Ward 
3d Ward 
4th Ward 
5th Ward 
^6th Ward 
Kcnmarc — 
1st Ward 
2d Ward 
3d Ward 
Bowbells . . 
Bcrthold . . 
Carpio . . . . 
l')onnybrook 
Flaxton . . 
Glcnburrt . . 
Portal . . . 
Mohall . . 
Sherwood . . 

Tolley 

Ryder Village 
Tagus Village 
Douglas . . . 
Stanley ... . 
ColumDus . . 



27 
28 
88 
18 
12 
20 
8 
13 
10 

27 
28 
7 
17 
20 
13 

88 
16 
16 

73 

101 

63 

26 

98 
147 



49 
27 



18 

16 

84 

11 

12 

18 

6 

7 

9 

32 
21 

8 
14 
19 
16 

34 
16 
13 

70 
96 
56 
19 
89 
156' 



C6 


64 


83 


80 


94 


79 


69 


67 


37 


31 


27 


80 


40 


35 


42 


30 


25 


26 


44 


62 


69 


58 


45 


39 


44 


34 


41 


35 


19 


16 



47 
18 



7 
14 
9 
6 
6 
4 
4 
5 
1 

3 

16 
7 
2 

8 
7 

9 

9 

11 

28 
34 
38 
13 
34 
60 

61 
48 
S4 
60 
37 
10 
28 
11 
21 
24 
61 
11 
15 
11 
7 

20 

8 



6 
13 
8 
6 
6 
3 
4 
4 
1 

3 

13 

6 

2 

8 
6 

9 
6 

7 

22 
31 
38 

10 
30 
51 

64 
47 
29 
67 
34 
9 
22 
18 
21 
23 
46 
10 
14 
7 
6 

18 
8 



S 



8 



6 



22 
22 

80 
7 
9 

15 
8 
9 
7 

25 
22 
6 
12 
18 
15 

39 
12 
15 

56 
97 
69 
23 

80 
144 

65 
66 
40 
21 
22 
26 
25 
21 
22 
88 
58 
21 
21 
24 
13 

34 

18 



13 




24 




14 




15 




12 




12 




8 




7 


2 


4 


1 


16 


• • • ■ 


27 


• • • • 


10 


• • ■ • 


10 


1 


14 


8 


18 


• • • • 


19 


• • • • 


18 


• • • • 


17 


• • • • 


68 


S 


96 


7 


86 


3 


31 


2 


76 


• • • • 


164 


4 


104 
120 


• • • • 

1 


111 


• • • • 


146 


1 


68 


• • • • 


28 


• • • • 


65 


• • • • 


42 


• • • • 


37 


• • • • 


66 


• • • • 


93 


5 


64 


• • • • 


46 


• • • • 


46 


• • • • 


16 


• • • • 


64 


• • • • 


29 


1 



17 
14 
16 


16 
18 

7 
16 

2 

15 
11 
6 
6 
11 
22 

36 

7 

18 

28 
60 
54 
20 
50 
79 

70 
90 
63 
43 
26 
30 
30 
22 
18 
35 
64 
40 
10 
22 
8 

26 
23 



19 

14 

9 

e 

7 

8 

9 

11 

10 

32 
83 
9 
17 
16 
10 

28 
96 

15 

77 
105 
70 
32 
82 
119 

70 
47 
41 
105 
48 
22 
50 
27 
27 
49 
90 
81 
58 
82 
21 

40 
19 



Total 



-i 



2237 2057 



1291 116 387315272 



114 



3851 



4281 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



277 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

WELLS. 





Representatives in Congress 


Governor 


•U. S. 
Senator 


Precinct 


0$ 

• 
• 
• 

a 

t 

O 

V 

w 

< 


g 
iS 

• 

• 


• 
■ 

>% 

It 

B 

• 

P 
« 

1 

o 
H 


Q 

u 

o 

•5' 
O 

• 

o 


a 

Ml 

• 

i 

a 

.2 

u 

c 

1 


c 

• 
. 



Q 


• 
• 
• 

c 

O 

• 

< 




• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

n 

c 

o 

M » 


c 

Ml 

o 

p 

MJ 


06 

• 
• 
• 

c 

O 
w 

c 

.8 

• 
• 


w 

!3 

• 


Hawksnest . 


14 
8 
40 
16 
10 
26 
20 
80 
25 
22 
28 
. 20 
31 
17 
24 
32 
34 
21 
18 
21 
23 
68 
48 
49 
47 
29 
26 
17 
18 
88 
39 
25 
87 
82 
196 
98 
14 


15 
8 
88 
17 
7 
24 
18 
81 
25 
27 
22 
21 
34 
19 
21 
30 
30 
20 
13 
20 
24 
48 
26 
41 
44 
32 
26 
12 
18 
88 
39 
19 
88 
35 
188 
86 
14 


9 
13 
17 
20 
31 


9 
18 
15 
18 
30 






8 
4 
31 
30 
7 
25 
17 
20 
16 
23 
27 
15 
16 
10 
16 
34 
29 
10 
13 
• 18 
22 
58 
43 
36 
37 
28 
12 
14 
11 
38 
26 
26 
20 
22 
189 
68 
10 


19 
17 
30 
30 
39 

8 
10 
27 
15 
20 
11 
16 
31 
18 
27 
12 
10 
22 
14 

6 
17 
18 
12 
36 
64 
26 
14 
22 
18 

2 
22 

7 
42 
25 
111 
66 
10 


• • • • 

1 

2 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 


7 
13 
17 
16 

7 
18 
10 
12 

6 

9 
31 

6 
14 

8 
16 
29 
29 

9 
17 
14 
16 
49 
46 
17 
17 
16 

2 
13 
18 
15 
21 
26 
30 
11 
74 
41 

4 


15 


Biladieu 






16 


Cathay 






30 


Fairview . . 






9 


Bremen 






25 


Eden 






10 


Tohnson 


7 
15 

5 
12 

7 

8 
12 

5 

9 
10 

8 
12 

8 

8 
10 
13 

6 
15 
26 
13 


7 
15 

5 
13 

7 

4 
11 

6 
10 
11 

2 
11 

4 

3 

9 
11 

6 
15 
21 
11 






13 


'Sykeston Vil. 
G^rmantown . 






27 






26 


Hamburg . . . 
Falide 






16 









Grant . . ... 

Speedwell . . 
i^ee .• ...... 

Oshkosh . . 




... • • 


22 
21 
17 
81 


Norway 

Heindahl . . . . 




.... 


17 
12 


Lincoln 






21 


Haaland . . 






10 


Ontario 

Highland .. .. 
Manfred . . . . 
Fram . . . • . . . 
Antelope . . . 

Buffalo 

Graupman . . . 
Russland . . . . 






11 
22 
20 
10 
45 






71 
82 






24 


Forward . . . . 
Wells' 


16 

9 

2 

3 

8 

16 

10 

74 

30 

5 


16 
9 
2 
8 
2 

11 
9 

67 

SO 
4 


1 


1 


18 

7 


Pony Gulch . . 
Pioneer 


1 


1 


25 
27 


Hillsdale . . . 
Bowdon Vil. . 

Cathay 

Harvey 

Fessenden . . 


2 
5 

• • • • 

• • • • 


1 
4 

• • • • 

• • • • 


7 
29 
81 
49 

87 


Sykeston . . . 






15 








Total 


1241 


1167 


457 


420 


9 


7 


1004 


879 


4 


689 


875 



276 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By Precincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 
WARD — Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



a 

G 

o 
u 

O 



m 

< 



S 

a 

iS 



It 



u 






hi 

o 

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d 

o 



c 



bo 

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u 

& 



U 



Governor 



pes 



c 

o 

CO 

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M 

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V 

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n 

c 

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Q 

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Senator 



Qi 



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o 

s 

.o 






«1 



Twp. 153-89 
Twp. 153-90 
Twp. 153-91 
Twp. 153-92 
Twp. 153-93 
Orlean . . 
Twp. 152-86 
Twp. 152-85 . 
Twp. 152-84 
Twp. 152-83 
Twp. 152-82 
Brillian . . 
Twp. 151-81 
Twp. 151-82 
Twp. 151-83 
Twp. 151-84 
Cameron and 

Douglas . . 
Ryder Twp. . 
Precinct 152 
Minot — 

1st Ward . 

2d Ward . 

3d Ward . 

4th Ward . 

5th Ward . 

6th Ward . 
Kenmare — 

1st Ward . 

2d Ward . 

3d Ward . 
Bowbells . . . 
Berthold . , . 

Carpio 

Donnybrook . 
Flaxton . . 
Glenburrt . . . 

Portal 

Mohall . . 
Sherwood . . 

Tolley 

Ryder Village 
Tagus Village 
Douglas . . 
Stanley ... . 
Columbus . . 



27 
23 
33 
13 
12 
20 
8 
13 
10 

27 

28 
7 
17 
20 
13 

38 
15 
16 

73 
101 
63 
26 
98 
147 

66 
83 
94 
69 
37 
27 
40 
42 
25 
44 
69 
45 
44 
41 
19 

49 
27 



18 

16 

34 

11 

12 

18 

6 

7 

9 

82 
21 

8 
14 
19 
16 

34 
15 
18 

70 
96 
56 
19 
89 
155' 

64 
80 
79 
67 
31 
30 
35 
30 
26 
52 
58 
39 
34 
35 
16 

47 
18 



71 
14 
9 
5 
5 
4 
4 
5 
1 

8 
16 

7 
2 

8 
7 

9 

9 

11 

23 
84 
38 
13 
34 
60 

61 
48 
34 
60 
37 
10 
23 
11 
21 
24 
51 
11 
15 
11 
7 

20 

8 



6 
13 
8 
5 
6 
3 
4 
4 
1 

3 
18 
6 
2 
8 
6 

9 
6 

7 

22 
31 
38 

10 
30 
51 

54 
47 
29 
57 
34 
9 
22 
13 
21 
23 
46 
10 
14 
7 
6 

18 
8 



S 



8 



6 



22 
22 
30 

7 
9 
16 
8 
9 
7 

25 
22 
6 
12 
18 
15 

39 
12 
15 

65 
97 
69 
23 
80 
144 

65 
56 
40 
21 
22 
26 
25 
21 
22 
38 
58 
21 
21 
24 
13 

34 
18 



13 

24 

14 

16 

12 

12 

8 

7 

4 

16 
27 
10 
10 
14 
18 

19 
18 
17 

68 
95 
85 
31 
76 
164 

104 

120 

111 

146 

68 

28 

55 

42 

37 

66 

93 

54 

46 

45 

16 

64 
29 





17 




14 




16 




9 




16 




18 




7 


2 


16 


1 


2 


• • • • 


16 


• • • • 


11 


• • • • 


6 


1 


6 


8 


11 


• • • • 


22 


• • • • 


36 


• • • • 


7 


• • • • 


13 


S 


28 


7 


50 


3 


54 



S 


28 


7 


50 


3 


54 


2 


20 


• • • • 


50 


4 


79 


• • • • 


70 


1 


90 


• • • « 


63 


1 


43 


• • • • 


26 


• • • • 


30 


• • • • 


30 


• • • • 


22 


• • • • 


13 


• • • • 


35 


6 


64 


• • • • 


40 


• • • • 


10 


• • • • 


22 


• • • • 


8 


• • • • 


26 


1 


23 



19 

14 



e 

7 

8 

9 

11 

10 

32 
83 
9 
17 
15 
10 

2S 
96 

15 

77 
106 
70 
82 
82 
119 

70 
47 
41 
105 
48 
22 
50 
27 
27 
49 
90 
81 
68 
82 
21 

40 
19 



Total 



5014 



431612237 



2057 



1291 11613873 6272 

I I 



114 



3861 



4231 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



277 



Vote By Precincts, 1906. — Cont'd. 

WELLS. 





Representatives in Congress 


Governor 


•U. S. 
Senator 


Precinct 


• 
• 

• 

a 
a 

o 

• 

>-> 

V 


c« 

e 
c 

• 


• 
• 

V 

s 

• 

Q 

CO 

•§ 
H 


Q 

u 
o 

•;? 

• 

O 


a 

H- 1 

1 

(3 

.3 

1 


c 

1— 1 

• 

P 


• 
• 
• 

c 

S- 

c 
ja 

o 

• 

< 




■ 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

-2 

d 

n 
c 

ja 
o 

»-» 


a 

o 
P 

fa 


pes 

• 
• 
• 

c 

o 

CO 

C 

.8 

• 
• 


• 
• 
• 

•g 

u 

• 


Hawksnest . . 
Biladieu . . . . 

Cathay 

Fairview . . 


14 
8 
40 
16 
10 
26 
20 
30 
26 
22 
28 
20 
31 
17 
24 
32 
34 
21 
18 
21 
23 
63 
43 
49 
47 
29 
26 
17 
18 
38 
39 
25 
37 
32 
196 
98 
14 


15 
8 
38 
17 
7 
24 
18 
31 
25 
27 
22 
21 
34 
19 
21 
30 
30 
20 
13 
20 
24 
48 
26 
41 
44 
32 
26 
12 
18 
38 
39 
19 
38 
35 
188 
86 
14 


9 
13 
17 
20 
31 


9 
13 
15 

18 
30 




• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 


8 
4 
31 
10 
7 
{25 
17 
20 
16 
23 
27 
15 
16 
10 
16 
34 
29 
10 
13 
■ 18 
22 
58 
43 
36 
37 
23 
32 
14 
11 
38 
26 
26 
20 
22 
189 
68 
10 


19 
17 
30 
30 
39 

3 
10 
27 
15 
20 
11 
16 
81 
18 
27 
12 
10 
22 
14 

6 
17 
18 
12 
36 
64 
26 
14 
22 
18 

2 
22 

7 
42 
25 
111 
66 
10 


• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • ■ • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

1 

• • • • 

1 
2 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 


7 
13 
17 
16 

7 
18 
10 
12 

6 

9 
31 

6 
14 

8 
16 
29 
29 

9 
17 
14 
16 
49 
46 
17 
17 
16 

2 
13 
13 
15 
21 
26 
30 
11 
74 
41 

4 


15 

16 

30 

9 


Bremen . . 
£den . . • . . > . 




• • • • 


26 

10 


Tohnson 


7 
15 

5 
12 

7 

3 
12 

5 

9 
10 

3 
12 

3 

3 
10 
13 

6 
16 
26 
13 


7 
15 

5 
13 

7 

4 
11 

6 
10 
11 

2 
11 

4 

3 

9 
11 

6 
15 
21 
11 


• • • • 




13 


'Sykeston Vil. 
Germantown . 






27 






26 


Hamburg . . . 
Falide .... 






16 






9 


Grant . . . . . . 

Speedwell . . 

Oshkosh 




• • • • 


22 

21 




• «• • • 


17 
31 


Norway 

Heindahl . . . . 




• • « • 


17 
13 


Lincoln . . . . 






21 


Haaland 






10 


Ontario 

Highland . . . . 
Manfred . . 




t • • • 

• • • • 


11 
22 
20 


Fram . . 

Antelope . . . 

Buffalo 

Graupman . . . 
Russland . ... 




• • • • 


10 
45 




• • • • 


71 
32 






24 


Forward . . . . 
Wells* 


16 

9 

2 

3 

3 

16 

10 

74 

80 

5 


16 

2 
3 
2 

11 
9 

67 

30 
4 


1 


1 


18 
7 


Pony Gulch . . 
Pioneer . . . . 
Hillsdale . . . 
Bowdon Vil. . 

Cathay 

Harvey 

Fessenden . . 


1 
"i 

5 

• • • • 

• • • • 


1 

• • • • 

1 
4 

• • • • 

• • • • 


25 
27 
7 
29 
31 
49 
87 


Sykeston . . . 






15 








Total 


1241 


1167 


457 


420 


9 


7 


1004 


879 


4 


689 


875 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote By PrecincU, 190S.^-Confd. 

WILLIAMS. 







ReproentltiTe* in CooBroa 


Go™ 


' 


•u. s. 

Senator 


, Prednrt 


1 

< 


i 

CO' 


i 


1 

d 


1 

1 

1 


1 


J 






1 




39 ;:;:!: 


e 
ic 

11 


7( 
S3 


J. 


11 

i 

] 






SI 
6! 

1 

11 

.( 
Bt 

33 


31 

SI 

i 

11 
SI 


...• 


si 
11 

li 

3 
3 

Si 

2< 

S! 




R° 




.... 






'.'.'.' 


'.'.' 






'.'.'.' 


'.'.'.' 




N< 








£ 












9 

6 

17 
















K?? 


,... 


.... 




No 


:::• 


.... 


e 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



279 



Vete By Preeincts, 1908. — Cont'd. 

WILLIAMS— Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



(kS 



c« 

C 

c 

o 

o 



V 
CO 

< 



c 
c 

iS 



V 



(0 

O 

H 



o 

6 
6 



o 



a 
o 

o 
U 

CO 



b 



a 



O 

U 
U 

V 

p 



Governor 



(kS 



c 

o 



ll 

d 

d 
.a 

o 



d 



o 
Q 

iJ 



•u. s. 

Senator 



d 

d 
.d 
o 



1^ 



pes 



c« 
.d 

M 



No. 45 . . . 

No. 46 ... 

No. 47 ... 

No. 48 . . . 

No. 49 . . . 

No. 50 ... 

No. 51 . . . 

No. 52 ... 

No. 53 ... 

No. 54 . . . 

No. 55 . . . 

No. 56 . . . 

No. 57 ... 

No. 58 ... 

No. 69 ... 

No. 60 . . . 

No. 61 ... 

No. 62 ..•. 

No. 63 ... 

No. 64 ... 

No. 65 . . . 

No. 66 . . . 

No. 67 ... 

No. 68 . . . 

No. 69 . . . 

No. 70 ... 

No. 71 ... 

No. 72 ... 

No. 73 ... 

No. 74 . . , 

No. 75 ... 

No. 76 ... 

No. 77 . . . 

No. 78 ... 

No. 79 ... 

No. 80 . . . 

No. 81 ... 

No. 82 ... 

No. 83 ... 

No. 84 ... 

No. 85 . . . 

No. 86 ... 



28 
21 
22 

8 
19 
19 
25 
11 
20 
21 
17 
14 
20 
34 
78 
17 
28 

8 
11 
14 
34 
48 
31 
85 
28 
32 
26 
28 
26 
32 
12 
18 

6 
23 
12 
28 



30 
17 
22 

6 
15 
18 
23 

9 
21 
19 
17 
15 
18 
32 
70 
13 
22 

9 
12 
14 
28 
52 
30 
34 
21 
24 
25 
31 
28 
28 
11 
18 

4 
25 
12 
27 



14i 14 



33 

7 
63 
66 
71 



28 

6 

57 

66 

74 



11 


12 


10 


11 


4 


4 


6 


3 


2 


3 


5 


6 


5 


5 


3 


2 


5 


6 


10 


10 


5 


4 


12 


10 


8 


10 


21 


17 


40 


34 


14 


14 


8 


2 


2 


1 


7 


8 


15 


12 


11 


11 


19 


17 


21 


22 


17 


18 


5 


5 


4 


4 


5 


6 


8 


9 


17 


15 


11 


11 


6 


6 


7 


6 


2 


2 


6 


6 


3 


2 


25 


25 


18 


17 


32 


32 


45 


41 


39 


36 


33 


35 



• • • • 



28 


14 




21 


19 


14 




14 


14 


15 




16 


8 


10 




13 


19 


8 




12 


14 


12 




20 


27 


8 




21 


12 


2 




13 


16 


12 




20 


19 


15 




21 


18 


6 




14 


9 


24 




16 


9 


21 




22 


28 


34 




32 


60 


68 


i 


59 


13 


20 




17 


24 


7 




20 


12 


4 




12 


8 


21 




7 


8 


32 




24 


23 


22 




23 


36 


41 




21 


22 


37 




21 


33 


iJ7 




21 


25 


8 




21 


26 


9 


i 


80 


23 


11 




19 


28 


13 




20 


21 


27 




13 


27 


23 


3 


19 


11 


8 




7 


15 


16 




12 


3 


6 


2 


3 


27 


18 


4 


22 


9 


9 




12 


28 


26 




16 


12 


24 




13 


24 


42 




18 


7 
44 






7 
51 


88 


5 


48 


74 


4 


46 


55 


73 


4 


55 



18 
19 
15 

5 
15 

5 

9 

2 

8 
16 
10 
17 

7 
27 
59 
10 
10 

2 
12 
11 
18 
29 
29 
23 
13 

9 
10 
18 
33 
20 

9 
14 

4 
22 

3 
15 
10 
36 

64 
51 
50 



Total 



2062 



1894 



S46 



828 



49 



4711659 



1666 44 



1618 



1295 



*No selection having oeen made for republican candidate for U. 
S. senate at the Tune primary election, another primary was ret^uired 
under the law at November election between the two highest candidates 
at June primary election. 



280 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

VOTE BY SENATORIAL DISTRICTS. 

FOR MBMBBS8 OV THB 

Eleventh Legislative Assemblyi 1909. 

(See new Apportionment Act elsewhere in this book.) 

FIRST DISTRICT. 

(Qne senator; two representatives.) 

County — ^Part of Pembina, consisting of the townships of Walhalla, 
St. Joseph, Neche, Pembina, Bathgate, Carlisle, Joliet, Midland, 
Lincoln and Drayton, and all towns, villages and cities therein. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Judson LaMoure (rep) . . 658 Geo. A. McCrea (rep) .... 713 

A. D. McMurray (dcm) 640 W. J. Watts (rep) 644 

J. J. O'Connor (dem) ... 644 

Walter Welford 727 



SECOND DISTRICT. 

One- senator; one representative.) 

County — Part of Pembina, consisting of the townships of St. Thomas, 
city of St. Thomas, Crystal, city of Crystal, Hamilton, town of 
Hamilton,, Cavalier, city of Cavalier, village of Canton, Ad- 
vance, LaMoure, Akra, Beaulieu, Thingvalla, Gardar, Park, 
Elora and Lodema. 

SENATfe. HOUSE. 

Frank A. Holliday (dem) , hold- Christian Ganssle (rep) . . 704 
over. Fred Wese (dem) 667 

THIRD DISTRICT. 

(une senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Walsh, consisting of townships of Perth, Latona, 
Adams, Silvesta, Cleveland, Norton, Vesta, Tiber, Medford, 
Vernon, (jolden, Lampton, Eden, Rushford, Kensington, Dun- 
dee, Opps, Prairie Center, Fertile, city of Park River, village of 
Edinburg, village of Conway, village of Hoople, village of 
Pisek, village of Adams, Glenwood, Kinloss, Shepherd, Sauter 
and Dewev. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

G. N. Midgarden (rep) . . 966 Andrew Foss (rep) 967 

J. J. Irwin (dem) 1,044 A. E. Hasle (rep) 947 

(}eo. C. Laithwaite (rep) 983 

Knute Bjorndahl (dem) . . 977 

C. I. Christianson (rep). 96fl^ 

Daniel McKeith (dem) ... 877 

FOURTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

County-Part of Walsh, consisting of the townships of Forest River, 
village of Forest River, Walsh Center, Grafton, city of Graf- 
ton, Farmington, Ardock, village of Ardock, Harriston, Oak- 
wood. Martin, Walshville, Pulaski, Acton, city of Minto and 
St. Andrews. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

John L. Cashel (dem) holdover. J. H. Fraine (rep) 819 

Jacob Nelson (rep) 732 

Julius Boeing (dem) .... 700> 

K. O. Brotnov (dem) ... 711 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 281 



FIFTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

County— ^Part of Grand Forks » consisting of the townships of Gilby, 

iohnst9wn» Strabane. Wheatfield, Hegton» Arvilla, Avon, 
Torthwood, city of Northwood, Lind, Grace, Larimore, city of 
Larimore, Elm Grove, Agnes, Inkster, city of Inkster, Elkmount, 
Plymouth, Niagara, Moraine, L«gan Center and Loretta. 



k 



SENATE. HOUSE. 

E. Stevens (rep) 760 Ferdinand Lucke (rep) . . 905 

K. Spoonheim (dem).. 761 Victor S. Wisner (rep) . 781 

Henry G. Link (dem) ... 508 

C. J. Sundabl (dem) .... 583 

SIXTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

County — ^Part of Grand Forks, consisting of third, fourth, fifth and 
sixth wards of the city of Grand Forks and the townships of 
Falconer, Harvey, xurtle River, Ferry, Rye, Blooming, Meki- 
nock, Lakeville and Levant 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

James Turner (dem) holdover. Tames Collins (rep) .... 807 

B. G. Skulason (rep) 696 

John M. Anderson (dem) 668 

George HalHck (dem) . . . 445 

SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

County — Part of Grand Forks, consisting of the first, second and 
seventh wards of the city of Grand Forks, as now constituted, 
and the townships sf Grand Forks, Brenna, Oakville, Chester, 
Pleasant View, Fairfield ^ Allendale, Walle, Bentru,, Americus, 
Michigan, Union, Washington, and the first and second wards 
of the city of Reynolds. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

-A. S. Hunter (rep) 786 C. A. Hale (rep) 868 

Geo. E. Duis (dem) 998 T. J. Smith (rep) 819 

D. M. Holmes (dem) ... 703 
Gullick Thompson (dem). 851 

EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator* three representatives.) 
County— Traill. 

SENATE. * HOUSE. 

31. H. Strom (rep) holdover. W. J. Burnett (rep) ... 1,852 

O. J. Sorlie (rep) 1,306 

, Geo. A. White (rep).... 1,268 

W. H. Hemmy (dem) . . 857 
Lewis Larson (dem) .... 883 

E. H. Rishcl (dem) 402 



282 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



NINTH DISTRICT- 
(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Cass, consisting of the township of Fargo, and city 
of Far^o, and the fractional township numbef one hundred and 
thirtjr-ninc, range forty-eight. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

James Kennedy (rep) ... 1,547 F. E. Dibley (rep) 1,432- 

Geo. Hancock (dem) .... 640 Thos. Baker, Jr. (rep)... 1,487 



W. J. Price (rep) . . . . . . 1,725 

R. B. 



Blakemore (dem) . . 877 

T. W. McHose (dem) .. 826 

E. J. Moore (dem) 730- 

TENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; tw« representatives.) 

County — Part of Cass, consisting ©f the townships of Noble, Wiser, 
Harwood, Reed, Barnes, Stanley, Pleasant, Kenyon, Ciardner, 
Berlin, Raymond, Mapleton, village of Mapleton, Warren, Nor- 
mainia, Bell, Harmony, Durbin, Addison, Davenport, village of 
Davenport, Casselton, and the city of Casselton. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

E. F. Gilbert (rep), holdover. Aug. A. Plath (rep) 1,036 

J. B. Akesson (rep) .... 973: 
A. O. Tuskind (dem) . . 548 
James McDonald (dem) . 487 

ELEVENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator I two representatives.) 
County — Part of Cass, consisting of the townships of Gunkle, Rushi 
River, Hunter, Arthur, Amenia, Everest, Maple River, Leonard, 
Dows, Empire, Wheatland, Gill, Walburg, Watson, Page, Ry:h, 
Ayr, Buffalo, the villajje of Buffalo, Howes, Eldred, High- 
land, Rochester, Lake, Cornell, Tower, Hill, Clifton and Pontiac. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Frank S. Talcott (rep).. 1,062 J. F. Collins (rep) 1.035- 

G. H. Hill (dem) 607 A. L. Peart (rep) 1,020- 

A. L. Porter (dem) 558* 

W. C. Muir (dem) 581 

TWELFTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

County-Part of Richland, consisting of Eagle, Abercrombie , village 
of Abercrombie, Dwight,^ Ibsen, Center, Mooreton, Brandenburg,. 
Summit, Fairmount, village of Fairmount, DeVillo, Lamars,. 
Waldo, Glendale, and the city of Wahpeton. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

W. E. Purcell (dem), holdover. L. L. Brusletten (rep) .. 898 

W. T. Ward (rep) 868- 

L. Parker (dem) 720 

H. Connolly (dem) 750^ 



County — Sargent. 



THIRTEENTH DISTRICT. 
One senator; one representative.) 



• 



SENATE. HOUSE. 

Livy Johnson (rep) 1,028 Peter J. Narum (rep) ... 1,040- 

R. M. F. Spooner (dem) . 626 Alrick Johnson (dem) . . 698: 



STAtE O? NORTH DAKOTA 



283 



FOQRTEENTH DISTRICT. 
(One senator; two representatives.) 



County — Ransom. 

SENATE. 
Ed. Pierce (rep), holdover. 



HOUSE. 

John A. Aasheim (rep).. 1,222 

A. J. Olson (rep) 1,096 

C. C. Chamberlin (dem) 678 

H. B. Hendricks (dem) .. 718 



FIFTEENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

County — Part of Barnes, consisting of the townships of Baldwin-, 
Daze^, Laketown, Pierce, Uxbridge, Edna, R6gers, Grand 
Prairie Minnie Lake, Anderson, Hobart, Potter ^ village of 
Dazey, village of Wimbledon, village of Sanborn, city of Valley 
City, townshin one hundred forty-three, range fift:^*8ix, township 
one hundred fort^-three, range fifty-eight, township one-hundred 
forty-two, range nfty-eight, township one hundred forty-one, range 
fifty-ei^ht, township one hundred forty-one, range fifty-nine, 
township one hundred forty-one, range sixty-one and township one 
hundred forty, range fifty-eight. 



SSNATE. 

Darby O'Malley (rep) 
J. H. Whitcher (ind) 



HOUSE. 

781 Geo. H. Law (rep) 1,180 

904 Frank E. Ployhar (rep).. 1,186 



SIXTEENTH DISTRICTT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 
Counties — Steele and Griggs. 

SENATE. 
Maynard Crane (rep), holdover. 

HOUSE. 

Steele Griggs Total 

Nels Hemmingson (rep) 860 520 1,880 

S. H. Nelson (rep) 902 696 1,498 

Ole Paulson (rep) 842 561 1,893 

T. A. Thompson (dem) ' 351 633 984 

W. T. McCulloch (dem) 274 622 796 

R. A. Pope (dem) 326 489 766 

SEVENTEENTH DISTRICT. 

(.One senator; two representatives.) 
County — Nelson. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

J. G. Gunderson (rep) .. 1,039 Frank Ckildammer (rep).. 1,151 

Geo. L. Barret (dem) 940 Fred Lindvig (rep) 1,091 

Chas. Dunlap (dem) . . . 784 
Andrew K. Reitan (dem) 778 



284 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

EIGHTEENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

County — Bart of Cavalier, consistinar of the townships of Cypress, 
Byron, Linden, Dresden, Langdon, city of Langdon, South Dres- 
den^ Grey, Glenila, Huron, Moscow, Waterloo, Elgin, Perry, 
Billings, Nekoma, Storlie, Banner, Trier, Gordon, Henderson, 
Nekoma village, Sievert, Sarles village, Bruce, Mount Carmel and 
Minto. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Henry McLean (rep), holdover. Usher L. Burdick (rep) . 932 

Robert Mecklejohn (rep). 790 

C. C. Crawford (dem) .. 924 

John Fisher (dem) 745 

NINETEENTH DISTRICT. 

One senator; one representative.) 
County — Rolette. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Ole Syvertson (erp) .... 914 J. M. Johnson (rep) . . . 851 
W. E. Robertson (dem) . 510 Frank S. Graham (dem) . 503 
P. L. Peterson 60 Arthur Hagendorf 90 

TWENTIETH DISTRICT. 
(One senator; two representatives.) 
County — Benson. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Theo. Koffel (rep), holdover. James Duncan (rep) .... 1,347 

Paul J. Moen )rep) .... 1,248 
John O. Schultz (dem) .. 787 
H. R. Shellenberger (dem) 489 

TWENTY-FIRST DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 
County — Ramsey. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Fred A. Baker (rep) .... 1,707 Bcmt Anderson (rep). .. 1,612 

T. H. Woldy (dem) .... 896 John L. Honey (rep) ... 1,647 

Fred J. Traynor (rep)... 1,478 

W. A. Fulkcrson (dem). 925 

Ed. Richardson (dem) . . 998 

Fred R. Stevens (dem) .. 1,086 

TWBNTY-SECOND DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
County — ^Towner. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

John Kelly (dem) , holdover. H. S. Gibbens (rep) .... 967 

J. W. Pound (rep) ....... 748 

J. V. Fielder (dem) 677 

C. P. Peterson (dem) . . 726 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 285 



TWENTY-THIRD DISTRICT. 

(One senator; four representatives. ) 
County — Stutsman. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Alfred Steel (rep) 1,679 T. J. Atwood (rep) 1.665. 

Tames A. Coffey (dem) ..1,626 F. G. Kneeland (rep) .. 1,606 

Richard Pendray (rep) .. 1,68a 
William Sinclair (rep) .. 1,670 

B. Gibson Dunlap (dem) 1,271 
J. Otto (Jarsal (dem) .... 1,410 

Paul Joos (dem) l,40a 

(George S. Williams (dem) 1,414 

TWENTY-FOURTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
County-LaMoure. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

J. B. Sharp (rep), holdover. A. W. Cunningham (rep) 1,008- 

C. H. Sheils (rep) 924 

L. A. Ueland (dem) .... 911 

TWENTY-FIFTH DISTRICT. 
One senator: one representative.) 
County — Dickey. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Frank M. Walton (rep) ..1,046 C. E. Knox (rep) 1,06!^ 

Eb. Magoffin (dem) .... 729 Geo. G. Caldwell (dem) . 669- 

TWENTY-SIXTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
Counties — ^Emmons and Kidder. 

SENATE. 
Alex. Macdonald (rep), holdover. 

HOUSE. 

Emmons Kidder Total 

G. A. Herolz (rep) 782 476 1,207 

John Story (rep) 688 619 1,207 

D. R. Streeter (Ind. Rep) 934 605 1,439^ 

W. P. Tuttle (rep) 612 626 1,138 

James J. Hayes (aem) 801 

There being a tie between Herolz and Storey, a special election 
was held December 28th, resulting as follows: 

W. P. Tuttle 834 

John Storey 193 

G. A. Herolz 14 

J. J. Hayes 17 

Scattering 14 

A certificate of election was issued to W. P. Tuttle. 
Contested by John Storey and on January 22d the House seated 
John Storey. 



286 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



TWENTY-SEVENTH DISTRICT. 
One senator; two representatives.) 



County — Burleigh. 

SENATE. 

Oeo. A. Welch (rep) 
F. R. Smyth (dem) 



... 1,510 
655 



HOUSE. 

G. W. Wolbert (rep) 

T. D. Hughes (rep) 

S. M. Ferris (dem) 

H. A. Hallum (dem) 



... 1,476 

... 1,237 

741 

573 



TWENTY-EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

Count]r — Part of Bottineau, consisting of all of that part of Bottineau 
lying east ttf the Mouse river. 



SENATE. 
D. H. McArthur (dem), hold- 



over. 



HOUSE. 

E. L. Garden (rep) .... 1,055 

Matt Johnson (rep) .... 879 

James Atkinson (dem) . . 546 

J. L. Garder (dem) .... 874 



TWENTY-NINTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Ward, consisting of the city of Minot and town- 
ships 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157 and 158 north of 
ranges 81, 82, 83 and 84 west, and also townships 155 and 156 
north of range 85 west. 



SENATE. 

John Wallin (rep) . . 
ohn Ehr (dem) . . . . 
Walter R. Bond (rep) 



HOUSE. 

1,163 M. M. Chatfield (rep) .. 1,167 

522 H. J. Schull (rep).. 1,085 

742 E. O. Skinner (rep) 1,162 

A. D. Hagenstein (dem) . . 797 

Thorwold Mastad (dem) . . 853 

A. C. Dayton (dem) . . . 629 



County — Morton. 

SENATE. 
Ferd. Leutz (erp), holdover. 



THIRTIETH DISTRICT. 
(One senator; three representatives.) 



HOUSE. 

Fohn C. Burns (rep) .... 1,982 

M. Hanley (rep) .... 2,018 

E. Martin (rep) .... 1,991 

C^rl Tahnke (dem) 790 

John Van Nuland (dem). 881 

Geo. W. Markham (dem) 764 



I'. 



County-Stark. 



THIRTY-FIRST DISTRICT. 
(One senator; three representatives.) 



SENATE. 

L. A. Simpson (rep) 
Frank Lish (dem) . 



HOUSE. 

932 (jeo. A. Senour (rep) 
566 F. M. Baker (rep) .. 
Thomas Evans (rep) 
Henry Truelson (dem) 
John Fisher (dem) . . 
L. H. Bussen (dem) . 



920 
977 
936 
476 
443 
888 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



287 



THIRTY-SECOND DISTRICT. 
(One senator; two represenlatives.) 
Counties — Eddy and Foster. 



SENATE. 
Geo. B. Palmer (rep), holdover. 

HOUSE. 

H. P. Halvorson (rep) 

S. N. Putnam (rep) 

S. J. Doyle (dem) 

Axel Johnson (dem) 



Eddy 


Foster 


Total 


386 


487 


872 


435 


589 


974 


685 


323 


1,008 


324 


453 


797 



THIRTY-THIRD DISTRKTT. 

« 

(One senator; two representatives.) 



County— Wells. 



SENATE. 

H. J. Bessesen (rep) .... 1 , 016 
Jacob Allmaras (dem) . . 814 



HOUSE. 

(jeo. Bnrnjulson (rep) 
Julius Sgutt (rep) . . 
R. T. Atkinson (dem) 
Henry Garvin (dem) . 
John Wake 



1,219 

1,217 

445 

492 

1 



THIRTY-FOURTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

County — Part «f McHenry, consisting of townships 155, 156. 157 and 
158 north, range 75 west, and also townships 155, 156, 157, 
158 and 159 north of ranges 76, 77, 78, 79 and 80. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

C. D. Rice (rep) , holdover. J. R. Nelson (rep) 943 

George Freeman (rep) . . 906 

F. F. Fritz (dem) 746 

B. T. Monaghan (dem) . 632 

E. T. Barnes 2 



THIRTY-FIFTH DISTRICT. 

One senator; one representative.) 

County — Part of McLean, consisting of townships and fractional town- 
ships as follows: 143 north of ranges 80 and 81 west, and 144 
north of ranges 80, 81. 82, 83 and 84 west, and townships 
145 north of ranges 74, 75, 76, 77, 78. 79, 80, 81, 82, 83 
and 84, townships 146 north er ranges 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 
81, 82. 83 and 84. 



SENATE. 

J. E. Davis (rep) . 
C. G. Forbes (dem) 



HOUSE. 

829 F. J. Thompson (rep) 
869 Axel Johnson (dem) 
J. T. Hoge 



862 

322 

1 



288 LEGISLATIVE BiANUAL 

THIRTY-SIXTH DISTRICT. 
(One tenator; two representathres.) 
Countics-Mclntosh and Logan. 

SENATE. 
C. Albright (rep), holdover. 

HOUSE. 

Logan Mcintosh Total 

John J. Doyle (rep) 1,619 ©39 2,568 

John J. (}eidt (rep) 1,616 989 2,55S 

O. F. Bryant (rep) 268 68 326 

THIRTYSEVENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

County — Part of Richland, consisting of the townshi;^ of Walcott, 
Colfax, Barrie, Helendale, Sheyenne, Viking, Garborg, Free- 
man, West End, Homestead, Grafton, AnteUpe, Danton, Ciar- 
field, Dexter, Wyndmere, village of Wyndmere, Belford, Liberty, 
Brightwood, town of Hankinson, Elma, Durr, city of Lidger- 
wood, Moran and Grant. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

E. A. Movius (rep) .... 962 Ole T. Grant (rep) 865 

James Goolsby (dem) ... 801 E. L. Kinney (rep) 1,011 

N. C. Jensen (dem) .... 727 

Wm. Schutt (dem) 728 

THIRTY -EIGTH DISTRICT. 

One senator; one representative.) 

County^Part of Barnes, consisting of the townships of Weimer, Noli- 
meir, Alta, Oriska, Springvale^ Cuba, Green, Herman, Mans- 
field, Meadow Lake, Svea, Scandia, Norman, Binghampton , 
Raritan, Thordenskjold , Oakville, Spring Creek, Rosebud, (jreen- 
land, the village of Litchfield, township one hundred forty, range 
sixty-one, township one hundred thirty-nine, ran^e fifty-eight, and 
township one hundred thirty-eight, range fifty-eight. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Knut S. Ramsett (rep) , holdover. Martin Thoreson (rep) . . 931 

THIRTY-NINTH DISTRICT. 
(One senator; two representatives.) 
Counties — Billings. Mercer and Oliver. 

SENATE. 

Billings Mercer Oliver Total 
A. L. Martin (rep) 840 449 857 1,646 

HOU SE. 

Billings Mercer Oliver Total 

John McLear (rep) 710 403 842 1,465 

John Young (rep^ 806 479 326 1,610 

John Keely (rep) 161 91 208 466 






STATE l»^ KOiniH DAKOTA 2^ 



FORTIETH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; one repretenutive.) 

County^— Part of C-^valicr, oonr^istmg of the townships of Ho^, ' Free- 
mont, Olga, I^ai^, Hay, Harvey, Manilla, Easby, Alma, East 
Alma, iu.ontrose, Osford, village of Miltoni Osnabrock, Osna- 

brock viHifee. 

. > // .1 

SENATE. HOUSE. 
C. W. Plain (rep), holdover. Robert Griffith (rep) 412 

i .J i/-Li«. . L ta J i ^. E. J, Moen (4em) ..*... 654 

FORTY-FIRST DISTRICT. 
(One senator; two representatives.) 
Counties — ^Williams and McKenzie.. 

SENATE. 

_. : Williams McKeozie Total 

W. B. Overson (rfcp) 1,766 556 «,S20 

Geo. H. Mocllcring (dem) 1,402 259 1.661 

HOUSE. 

Williams McKtnzIe ^otal 

Prank Poe (rep),.. 1,701 442 2,143 

Geo. P. Homness (rep) . . . . • 1 , 822 471 2 ,298 

Chas. A. Mansfield (dem> V^ISH 259 1,441 

G. P. Kenyon (dem) .i .,.,.. 927 322 1,249 

FORTY.SECX)ND DISTRICT. J 

(One senator; two teptcsentatives.) ' 

County — Pierce. ■ ; 

SENATE. HOUSJE. ' 

F. T. Grbnvold (rep) 844 Ole Nyhus (rep) ' 791 

W. J. Doheny (dem) .... 726 John Steen (rep) 831 

M. P. Hawkins (dem) . . 695 

M. P. Cruden (dem) .... 69ft 

FORTYTHIRD DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — ^Part of Ward, consisting of townships 159, 160, 161, 162,. 
163 and 164 north of ranges 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91,. 
92, 93 and 94 west 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

H. H. Steele (rep) 1,810 C. E. Davidson (rep) .. 1,629 

W. P. Owings (dem) .... 1,625 S. Hendrickson (rep) .... 1,707 

Geo. C. Jewett (rep) .... 1,846 

H. Bullard (dem) 1,011 

E. Kirsch (dem) .... 1,609 



k 



FORTY-FOURTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; one representative.) 

County — ^Part of Ward, consisting of townships 149, 150, 151, 152, 
153, 154, of ranges 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93 and 
94 west, and townships 155, 156, 157 and 158 of ranges 86, 87, 
88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93 and 94 west, and also townships 157 and 
158 north of range 85 west. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Martin Anderson (rep) ..1,521 H. J. Linde (rep) 1,519 

Chas. L. Mayhour (dem). 849 E. T. Carey (dem) 772 

-19- 



290 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



FORTY-FIFTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; one representative.) 
Cotinty-Part of McHenry, consisting of townships 161, 152, 153 and 
154 north of ranges 75, 76, 77, 78, 79 anci 80. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 
T. Welo (rep) 924 George Kremer (rep) 925 

FORTY-SIXTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
County — iPart of McLean, constisting of the following townships and 
fractional townships: Township 147 north of ranges 74, 75, 76, 
77, 78, 79, 80, 8l, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90 and 
91, and township 148 north of ranges 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 
80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90 and 91, and 
townshio 149 north of ranges 74 75, 76, 77, 78. 79, 80, 81, 
82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 8, 88, 89, 90 and 91, ana township 150 
north of ranges 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 
85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90 and 91. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

E. S. Neal (rep) 1,890 John A. Johnson (rep) .. 1,601 

M. F. Minehan (dem) .. 684 Geo. W. Kinney (rep) .. 1,434 

J. A. McCutcheon (dem). 543 

FORTY-SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

' (One senator; one representative.) 

County — Part of Bottineau , consisting of all that part of the county 
lying west of the Souris river. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

G. S. Tuimblc (rep) .... 807 James Hill (rep) 946 

W. H. Lackey (dem) 723 J. M. Vannice (dem) 566 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



291 



DISTRICT JUDGES. 



Abstract of Votes Cast for District Judges In the Various 

Judicial Districts, Nov. 3, 1908. 

FIRST DISTRICT. 

Counties — Grand Forks and Nelson. 

C. F. 
Templeton 

■Grand Forks 2 , 635 

I^elson 802 

Total 3i437 

SECOND DISTRICT. 

Counties — Benson, Ramsey, Rolette and Towner. 

John. F. M. H. 

Cowan Brennan 

Benson 1 ,397 615 

Ramsey 1,631 1,035 

Rolette 937 495 

Towner 1,071 541 

Total 5,036 2,686 

THIRD DISTRICT. 

Counties — Cass, Steele, Traill. 

Chas. A. 
Pollock 

Cass 4,115 

Steele • 1,025 

Traill 1,500 

Total 6,640 

FOURTH DISTRICT. 

Counties — Dickey, Mcintosh, Ransom, Richland, Sargent. 

Frank P. 
Allen 

Dickey 1,149 

^Mcintosh 994 

Ransom 1,429 

Richland 2,056 

Sargent 1 ,191 

Total 6,819 



P2 



if^l^LAT^yz MAmj^jf 



FIFTH DISTRICT. 

Counties — Barnes, Eddy, Foster, Griggs, LaMoure, Logan, Stuts- 
man, Wells. 



Barnes 

Eddy 

Foster 

Griggs 

L^iMoure. ,.,o ,,,; .»......, 

Logan ...:.....'. ,..:....: 

Stutsman . . 
Wells 



• *»^».» •...<' 



A> • » » » • » • •. < 



Edward T. 

Burke 

2,202 

642 

646 

682 

1,402 



Total 



Burleigh 
Emmons 
Kidder 
McLean 



Total 



Cavalier 
Pembina 
Walsh . 



Total 



Williams 
Ward .. 



Total 



Bottineau 
McHenry 
Pierce . 



9,478 



SIXTH DISTRICT. 
Counties-^— Burleigh, Emmons, Kidder, McLean. 



W. H. 


Winchester 


1,548 


1,14a 


818 


2,589 



6i«98 



SEVENTH DISTRICT. 
Counties — Cavalier, Pembina, Walsh. 



W. T. 
Kneesnaw 
1,710 
1,648 
2,077 



5,430 



EIGHTH DISTRICT. 
Counties — Williams and Ward. 



E. B. 


L. W. 


Goss 


Gammons- 


2,320 


875 


5,600 


2,704 



8,010 



8,679^ 



NINTH DISTRICT* 
Counties — Bottineau, McHenry, Pierce. 



A. M. 

Christiarison 
1,350 
1,876 
604 



A. G 

Burr 

1,94j9^ 

l,54t 

1,014 



Total 



3,630 



4,504 



sr ivTE OF NdRTH "bAKOtA 2^ 

^ O X A G H »' "1 v.* / .T^TH ' DtStl^rct'. '' ' * '"-' ' ' *^ "^ ' ' 'I'--'^ ' J 

Co im t ic a— ^ A da ^n g , -Bo w ma n ,- Bill ings , Dunn, Hettinger ^ Mer ce r ^ 

Morton, McKenzie, Oliver, Stark, 

7-'.:uA - .' : . J .; W. C -'-: - 

Crawford 

Adams 676 

Bdwman 506 

Billings. , ♦, ^00 

Dunn ...♦..«,..,.,'. 427 

Hettinger .y.., .., ,.., 621 

Mercer .,..,,«. .'^...,.. .....' ..*....*. 466' 

Morton ..,,.'j..,. 5,209 

McKenzie. 043 

Oliver ..;*.^: 379 

Stark ......4..*...;.... .1,070' 

Total ..*../..., 7,396 



It. 



A •• 






^ 



. I 



•} 



: . i . > / 



294 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



LIST OF COUNTY OFFICERS IN NORTH DAKOTA. 



County 




Auditor 



Adams 


10 


Hettinger 


Walter F. Kelley. 


Barnes 


5 


Valley City 


Chas. W. Nelson. 


Benson 


2 


Minnewaulcan 


J. W. Olson. 


Billings 


10 


Medora ; 


J. A. McGregor. 


Bottineau .. . . 





Bottineau 


J. P. Simon. 


Bowman 


10 


Bowman 


Obcrt A. Olson. 


Burleigh 


6 


Bismarck 


L W. Healy. 


v<aBS •••• ••••• 


8 


Fargo 


A. G. Lewis. 


Cavalier .. ... 


7 


Langdon .... ..... 


John K. Hamilton. 
V. E. Haskins. 


Dickey 


4 


Ellendale 


Dunn 


10 


Manning 


T. Leroy Evans. 
Robert S. Craig. 


Eddy 


6 


New Rockford 


Emmons 


6 


Linton 


J. G. Pitu. 


Foster 


6 


Carrington 


C. W. Bumham. 


Grand Forks .. 


1 


Grand Forks 


Hans Anderson. 


Grig^ 


6 


Cooperstown 


R. M. Cowen. 


Hettinger .. .. 


10 


Mott 


Robert D, Berry. 


Kidder 


6 


Steele 


Geo. G. Bope. 


LaMoure . . . • 


5 


LaMoure 


C. J. Alister. 


Log^n 


5 


Napoleon 


Carl Kaz. 


McHenry . . . . 
Mcintosh . . . . 


9 


Towner 


A. J. Kicfer. 


4 


Ashley 


John F. George. 


McKenzie .. .. 


10 


dcnaier *•.. ...... 


0. P. Benson. 


McLean 


6 


Washburn 


Paul S. Meyers. 


Mercer 


10 


Stanton 


Henry Sagehom. 
H. H. Harmon. 


M<A'ton ... ... 


10 


Mandan ........ .. 


Mountrail .. .. 


8 


Stanley • ..... 


Jos. Teibel. 


Nelson 


1 


ji^ajcoxa ........ ... 


Jonas Burreson. 


Oliver 


10 


v^cnxcr .... ....... 


N. Scott Jewett. 
William W. Felson. 


Pembina 


7 


Pembina .. ........ 


Pierce 


9 


Rugby 


Henry Albertson. 
Ray V. Bice. 


Ramsey • . • • « 


2 


Devils Lake 


Ransom . • ... 


4 


Lisbon 


I. E. Arnston. 


Richland . . . . 


4 


Wahpeton 


F. A. Burton. 


Rolette . . . ' ... 


2 


x\oiia ...... ...... 


Jas. A. Brown. 
R. P. Irving. 


Sargent 


4 


Forman ...... .... 


Sheridan . . . . 


6 


McClusky 


John S. White. 
W. C Gibbs. 


dcaric . . « . ... 


10 


Dickinson 


dteeie . . • • • • . 


3 


Sherbrooke 


S. McPherson. 


Stutsman . . . . 


6 


Jamestown 


Andrew Blewett 


Towner 


2 


v.'AUQO •••••••• ••• 


Frank Shanley. 


Traill 


3 


Hillsboro .... 


Nels 0. Lindaas. 


Walsh 


7 


Grafton ...... .... 


O. M. Fraser. 


Ward 


8 


Minot 


L. A. Larson. 


Wells 


5 


Fessenden 


Fred B. Paul. 


Williams . . . . 


8 


Williston 


E. M. Atterberry. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



295 



County Officers in North Dakota — Ck>ntlnued. 


• 

County 


Jud. 
Dist. 


Sheriff 


Clerk of Court 


Adams ..... . . 


10 


Elmer Tew 


A. O. Brown. 


Barnes ... .... 


5 


Casper Winkler .... 


Frank S. Henry. 


Benson .... . . 


2 


D. G. Talley 


George Duncan. 


Billings 


10 


c. F. wm 


Paul Lebo. 


Bottineau .. .. 


9 


N. H. McKinnon ... 


C. R. Wilbur. 


Bowman 


10 


J. J. Moore 

D. J. McGillis .... 


0. M. Young. 


Burleigh 





A. W. Cook. 


\i<AS8 •••• ••••• 


8 


Henry T. Boyle .. 


E. C. Gearey, Jr. 


Cavalier 


7 


Wilbur L. Dewey .. 


H. O. Storlie. 


Dickey 


4 


Guy C. Reames .... 


J. E. Baker. 
W. P. Brooks. 


Dunn 


10 


John Bang 


Eddy * 


5 


F. C. Davies 


Peter Prader. 


Emmons ... . . 


6 


Wm. Jones 


P. G. Rooks. 


Foster 


5 


J. J. Atkins 


S. J. Malen. 

M. W. Spaulding. 


Grand Forks .. 


1 


O. G. Hanson 


Griggs 


6 


Mason Knapp 


Gunder Frigaard. 
G. Lewis Ross. 


Hettinger .. .. 


10 


Henry Barry 


Kidder ... ... 


6 


Hiram S. Darling . . 


M. F. Woessner. 


LaMoure . . . . 


6 


N. J. Cruden 


O. G. Monroe. 


Logan .... ... 

McHenry . . . . 


6 


Friedrich Schmidt . . 


^mes A. Weed. 
E. E. Ellis. 


9 


D. A. Kramer 


Mcintosh . . . . 


4 


Fred Brosz 


R. C. Miles. 


McKenzie . . . . 


10 


C. A. Jacobson .... 


John A. Martin. 


McLean 


6 


John A. Beck 


G. O. Raugust 


Mercer 


10 


M. E. Fowler 


C. F. Furst.- 


Morton 


10 


Oscar Olson 


Ed. Morck. 


Mountrail . . .. 


8 


Alex Stronach 


O. M. Kilen. 


Nelson 


1 


C. E. Johnson 

Wm. C)*Brien 


R. J. Roberts. 


Oliver 


10 


Victor R. Boemer. 


Pembina 


7 


George Roadhouse .. 


Geo. Peterson. 


Pierce 


9 


Ed. Erickson 


George Watson. 
T. Thorson. 


Ramsey 


2 


W. H. Belford 


Ransom . . ... 


4 


A. C. Cooper 


J. Victor Backlund. 
J. M. Kramer. 


Richland . . . . 


4 


Frank Heley 


Rolette ... ... 


2 


E. F. Taylor 


C. J. Partridge. 


Sargent 


4 


John R. Mason .... 


0. 6. Johnson. 


Sheridan . . . . 


6 


Frank Calahan 


J. T. Zimmerly. 


^taric .... ... 


10 


John A. Wiech .... 
I. W. Standley .... 


J. G. Saunders. 


Steele .... ... 


8 


Dolphus W. Vadnic. 


Stutsman . . . . 


5 


Ncls H. Romer .... 


Geo. T. Richmond. 


Towner 


2 


James Taylor 


H. Hammerly. 
Barney C. Boyd. 


Traill .... ... 


3 


A. J. Osmon 


Walsh 


7 


E. G. Amot 


N. H. Rinde. 


Ward 


8 


S. A. Sorenson .... 


Knute Hagen. 


Wells 


6 


Hampton Lyness . . . 


Wm. E. McDonald. 


Williams ,. .. 


8 


E. B. Olson 


A. H. Brown. 



m 



^BQI^I-ATIYE MANUIAI* 



County OI§^rs rjfb^M*th. Mkota-v^esiiiiaki^^du 



tO^imty 



la 



Register of Deeds 



States' AtMrney 



Adams • « . .«, . . > 


10 


Barnes « m . # . . 


6 


Benson « « . ^ . . 


2 


Billings . . . . . ; 


10 


Bottineau .. . . 


9 


Bowman 


10 


Burleigh * . . . . ' 





\ii^ClSS [m m • 4 »•»•• 


3 


Cavalier 


7 


Dickey 


4 


Dunn . « 1 . • « . . 


10 


£«QCiy ••#• ••*• 


6 


£mmons 


6 


Foster . » . « , . . 


5 


Grand Forks . . 


1 


GriggSs ^ 


6 


Hettinger . . .. 


10 


Kidder 





LaMoure . . . . 


5 


Logaii' > • . » . ... 


6 


McHenry . . . . i 





Mcintosh . . . . 


4 


McKensie . . . . 


10 


McLeao: • . ... 


6 


Mercer 


10 


Morton ; 


10 


Mountrail . . .. 


8 


Nelson , 


1 


Oliisor' ... .... 


10 


Pembina 


7 


Pierce 


9 


Ramsey 


2 


R^nsoui . . ... 


4 


Richland . . . . 


4. 


Rolette 


2 


Sargent 


4 


Sheridali . . . . 


6 


dCAi IC • * • • • • • 


10 


OXCCI^ • • • • • * • 


S 


Stutsman . . . . 


5 


Towner . . . . * 


t 


Traill .... ... 


3 


Walsh .... ... 


7 


Ward 


9 


WeUh ... 


ft 


Williams . . . . 


3 



Otto A. Jscohson .. 
Martin Iveri6n .... 

A. O. Skarsten .... 

Geo. E. Burgess . . . 
A. F, Peterson .... 

J. C. Hughes ...',..' 
John F. Foit ...... 

G. A. Fi-aser ...... 

Allan • Pinkerton .... 

Oscar D. Beggs , . . 

J. A. Painter 

A. G. Gardner 

P. J. Wittmaycr ... 
Preston Garland . . . 
A. M. Lodmdl .... 

Martin Gar lid ' 

O. H. Opland . 

Geo. B. Coon 

Henry W. French,. 

Herman Hardt 

H. H. Ber^h 

Fred Heinnch ' ..... 

H. L. Moe 

Adolph Wacker .... 

John Netzer 

A. M. Packard 

J. W. Arnold 

Gilbert Rustebakbe . 

F. A. Moore 

John F. Gill 

Harvey Hoflf 

M. A. Hoghaug' . . . 
R. S. Campbell :... 
A. J. Nebon ....... 

C. M. Coghlan 

D. L. Warriner .... 

T. M. Schmidt . 

John Leask 

O. H. Olson ....... 

Oliver H. Bennett . . 
Burt . Moylan ....... 

Martin J. Nelson . . 

F. A. Welch 

G. S. Reishus .. 

Ole S. Hedahl . 

L, O. Higley ..i.,. 



F. p. Nortpn. 
A. P. Paulson. 
Torger Sinness. 
John Keohane. 
). J. Weeks. 
£mil Scow. 

R. N. Stevens. 
Arthur W. Fowler. 
W. B< Dickson. 
K. E. Cassels. 
W. A. Cams. 
James A. Manley. 
Chas. Coventry. 

G. B. Craven. 
Tracy R. Bangs. 
Benj. Tufte. 
Geo. H. Stone. 
Joseph W. Walker. 
Geo. P. Jones. 
Geo, M. McKenna. 
Chas. D. Donnelty. 
G. M. Gannon. 
Ckas. C. Converse. 
J; E. Nelson. 

E^ D. Case. 

A. T. Faber. 
R. O. Uilltft, 
M. A, Shirley. 
Robert Dunn. 
M. Brynjolfson. 

B. L. Shuman. ' 

D. G. Duelk 
Thos. A. Curtis. 
Chas. E. Wolfe. 
H. E. Plymat. 

E. W. Bowen; 
Thos. D. Morrow. 
M. L. McBride. - 
J. M. Johnson. - 
George W. Thorp. 
J. J. Kchoe» 
Theo. Kaldor. 

H. C. DePuy. 
Dudley L. Nash. 
Tohn A. Layne. 
n. W. Braatelitn. 



STATE 'OF NORtK DAKOtA 



298 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



County Officers in Nortli Dalcota — Continued* 



County 


Jud. 
Dist. 


Treasurer. 


Public Administrator 


Adams 


10 


0. B. Severson .... 


T. D. Barone. 
John Holmes. 


Barnes % 


6 


H. F. Halverson . . . 


Benson 


2 


E. H. Cowell 


H. N. Opdal. 


Billings 


10 


T. E. Arnold 

H. C. Harty 


C. E. Barber. 


Bottineau .. .. 


9 


W. B. Rea. 


Bowman 


10 


Frank T. Irons .... 


Dugald Steward. 


Burleigh 


6 


Carl R. Kositzky ... 


T. C. Tees. 


\^A9Si •••• ••••• 


8 


H. A. McConville .. 


Henry Krogh. 


Cavalier 


7 


Thomas Sheehan . . . 


Adam Reid. 


Dickey ^ . . . . 
Dunn ..; 


4 


J. B. Taylor 

W. P. Owens 


Hans Lee. 


10 


Thos. Bailey. 


Eddy 


§ 


Martin Walsh 




Emmons 


6 


Geo. H. Narramore. 




Foster 


5 


J. R. Rusk 


L. L. Walton. 


Grand Forks .. 


1 


Don McDonald .... 


• 


Griggs 


5 


F. J. Stone 


F. D. Williams. 


Hettinger .. .. 


10 


H. O. Pearcc ..... 




Kidder 


6 


E. rl. C. Smith .... 


0. A. Engemocn^ 


LaMoure . . . . 


6 


H. Hodem 




Logan 

McHenry . . . . 


5 


Christian Baltzer . . . 




9 


Sam Koto 


Geo. Soule. 


Mcintosh . . . . 


4 


Jakob Breitling 


A. P. Guy. 


McKenzie . . . . 


10 


A. L. Larson ...... 


John Chaussec. 


McLean 


6 


A. T. Danielson . . . 


S. A. Falconer. 


Mercer 


10 


Paul Leupp 




Morton 


10 


0. H. Killand 


A. J. Cole. 


Mountrail .. .. 


8 


W. C. Holland .... 




Nelson 


1 


Harry Groves 


Geo. A. Kellogg. 


Oliver 


10 


Henry Cordes 




Pembina . . . . 


7 


Frank H. Anderson. 


Elis Thorwaldson.. 


Pierce 


9 


Karl Julsrud 

Gus. Furstenau 


Robert Hubbard. 


Ramsey 


2 


Chas. E. Taylor. 


Ransom .. ... 


4 


Geo. C. Jacobson . .. 


Harley S. Grover. 


Richland . . . . 


4 


Karl L. Mikkelson . 


R. T. Twceton. 


Rolette 


2 


Jas. H. Penny .... 


Guido Widmeycr. 


Sargent 


4 


C. H. Cooper 




Sheridan . . . . 


6 


August Liebig 


_ ^ 


Stark 


10 


John Riessbeck 


Chas. L. Langdon. 


Steele 


3 


G. 0. Johnson 




Stutsman . . . . 


6 


R. E. Wallace 


E. M. Seiler. 


Towner 


2 


P. H. Reedy 


Geo. Blose. 


Traill 


8 


T. A. Koppang .... 


0. C. Hanan. 


Walsh 


7 


John Miller 


A. E. Cobb. 


Ward 


8 


A. C. Nedrud 


Clark Hovey. 


Wells 


6 


H. B. Crinklaw .... 


S. H. OngsUd. 

W. H. Westergaard^ 


Williams .. .. 


8 


S. Charlston 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 299 



INCORPORATED CITIES AND VILLAGES IN NORTH 

DAKOTA— NAME OF MAYOR OF EACH CITY 

AND PRESIDENT OF VILLAGE COUNCIL. 



(As returned by the County Auditors.) 

ADAMS. 
Village of Hettinger — President, A. G. Newman. 

BARNES. 

City of Valley City — ^Mayor, Lee Cowell. 
Village of Wimbledon— President, F. A. Wilke. 
Village of Dazey — President, A. S. Langer. 
Village of Nome — President, Martin Ferguson. 
Village of Litchville — President, Sven Peterson. 
Village of Sanborn — ^President, Geo. S. Tucker. 

BENSON. 

Village of Minnewaukan — President, Dr. L. Scbultz. 
Qty of Leeds — Mayor, John O. Schultz. 
Village of Brinsmade — President, John Moliter. 
Village of Knox— President, C. H. Wirtz. 
Village of Maddock — rresident, Fred Evander. 
Village of Esmond — President ^ H. C. Roholt. 

BILLINGS. 

Village of Marmarth — President, B. F. Menicke. 
Village of Beach — President, E. E. Dickinson. 

BOTTINEAU. 

Willow City — ^Mayor, George ounberg. ' 
City of Bottineau — ^Mayor, John T. Murphy. 
City of Souris — ^Mayor, M. E. Hayes. 
City of Westhopc — Mayor, H. D. Warner. 
City of Lansford — Mayor, J. G. Walstad. 
Village of Omemee — President, Alex. Stewart. 
Vil age of Antler — President, L. P. Sandstrom. 
Village of Overly — President, T. A. Collin. 
Village of Russell — President, W. A. McHugh. 
Village of Newburg — President, W. H. Godfrey. 
Village of Maxbass — President, N. P. Blycker. 
Village of Eckman — President, Wm. Thomas. 
Village of Gardena — President — B. Gran. 
Village of Kramer — President, W. G. Bowen. 

BOWMAN. 
Village of Bowman — President, Henry Olson. 

BURLEIGH. 
City of Bismarck — President of Commission, E. A. Williams. 



^00 LEGISLATTSrE MANUAL 



CASS. 

City of Fargo^Mayor, Peter Elliott. 
City of Caatelton — Mayor, W. T. Sprake. 

VilUge^of . Buffalo— President,- S. G- M<»«. 
vmage' of 'iJav^port — Presfdcht, H. H. Myra.- 
Village af Mapleton— President . Sanuicl Mitchell. 
V'iWdgt of Hmitcr— President, SamuerMitchen. 
Village oi Pag^— President, John. Murpi^K., 
Village 6i Towet City— PT«5d*nt; F. T. Rice. 

CAVALIER. 

City of Langdon — Mayor, E. J. Fox. 
Village of Osnabrock — President, Joseph Paulson. 
Village of Milton— President, W. J. Leaf. 
Village of Nekoma — President, Tames McGregor. 
Village of Sarlet— President , M. J. Hammes. 

DICKEY, 

City of Ellendale — Mayor. C. H. Potter. 
City of Oakes— Mayor, W. A. McCuHey. 
Village of Forbes — President, Fred D. McCartney. 
Village of Fui.erton — President, W. Z. Height. 
Village of Ludden — President, John Wisenor. 

DUNN. 
(No incorporated cities or villages.) 

EDDY. 



New Rockford, 
Sheyenne 



EMMONS. 

Village of Linton — President, A. N. Junge. 
Village of Strasburg — President, S. A. Fisher. 
Village of Hague— President . R. M. Volk. 

FOSTER. ' 
City of Carrington — Mayor, L. C. Green. 
Village of McHenry — President, W. H. Niemeytr. 

GRAND FORKS. 

City of Grand Forks— Mayor, Dr. J, D. Taylor, 
City of Larimore — Mayor, V. S. Wisner. 
City of Inkster — Mayor, W. A. Scouton. 
City of Northwood — Mayor, P. C. Johnson* 
City of Reynolds — Mayor. D. J. Hennessy. ' 
Village of Niagara; — P^-esid^nt, David Kirk. 

GRIGGS. 

City of Cooperstown — Mayor, A. H. Berg. 

Village of Bin ford— Preiident A. Evert. 

Village of Hannaford — President, N. K. Markuson. 

PETTINGER. 



i < ■■ ■ I I t I 



Mott, 

New England, 

KlDbER. 
City of Steele— Mayor, C. D. Miller. 



&T>yTE OF NOKT^ DAKOTA 

LAUOUKE. 

Ciiy of LaMour*— Mayor, C I. , HulchioHm. 

City D( Kulra— Mayor, Pete Billigra«itr. 
Villan of Edge] ey— President, dial. Rabb. 
Village of Venma— Freiident, M. C. Badaboueh. 
Village of Berlin— Fresiden I, Herman GoeU. 
Village of Dickey— froldent, U. D. BIOM. 

LOGAN. 
Cily of Lehr — Part in Logan «nd pari in Mcintosh o 



City of 

Cily of 
Cilv of 
Village 



McINTOSH. 
Village of Ashley— President, L. Rubin. 
Village of Wish ck— President, W. T. Best. 
Village of Zeel and— President, Gottlieb Link, 
Lehr City— Mayor, John Roll. 

M-KENZIE. 

(No incorporated cities or villages.) 

M'LEAN. 
City of Washburn— Mayor. Theo. J. Haugeberi 
Village of Willon— Pr— -■— ' ""'•■ '■--— 

Village of Garrison — .. _ 

Village of Maai- PtiBidfnt, H. R. Fi 

Village of Dogden— PreBldenl. J. G, uveru>.iKir. 

Village of Underwood— President. B. O. Wyman. 

MERCER. 



City of Mandan— President of Commiaslon, A. M. 
Village of New Saiem— President, Win. Thiele, 
Village of Glen Ullin- Presidenl, IL L. Bean. 
Village of Hebron— President . Theo. Bolke. 


































































302 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



NELSON. 

City of Lakota— Mayor, W. C. Hagler. 

City of Michigan — Mayor, J. A. Lamb. 

City of Aneta — Mayor, J. G. Gunderson. 

Village of Petcrskurg—Prcsidcnt, T. E. LaTotirette. 

Village of McViUc— President, A, D. McDougall, 

Village of Tolna — Presiccnt, Gea C Magoris. 

OLIVER. 
(No incorporated cities or villages.) 

PEMBINA, 

City of Bathgate — Mayor, J. A. Bennett. 
City of Cavalier — Mayor, Fred Harris. 
City of Crystal — Mayor, C. K. Wing. 
City of Dra3rton — Mayor, Chas. Edwards. 
City of Pembina — Mayor, M. W. Miller. 
City of St. Thomas — Mayor, J. R. Gibson. 
Village of Canton — President, A. T. Felt. 
Village of Hamilton — President, Edwin Collins. 
Village of Neche— President, F. P. Holmes. 
Village of Walhalla— President, Geo. W. Lutz, 

PIERCE. 

City of Rugby — Mayor, H. C. Lander. 

Village of Barton — -President, H. H. Schammel. 

RAMSEY. 

City of Devils Lake — ^Mayor, F. N. Whitman. 

Village of Bartlett — President, N. A. Hinebaugh. 

Village of Brocket — President, M. D. Butler. 

Village of Edmore — President, M. M. Van Osdel. 

Vil age of Crary — President, L. M. Rutten. 

Village of Starkweather — President, A. O. Sather. 

Village of Churchs Ferry — President, J. W. Cavers. 

RANSOM. 

City of Lisbon — ^Mayor, E. C. Lucas. 
City of Enderlin — Mayor, O. O. Golberg. 
Village of Sheldon— President, J. W. Doty. 

RICHLAND. 

City of Wahpeton — Mayor, Frank Eberly. 
City of Lidgerwood — Mayor, A. L. Parsons. 
City of Hankinson — Mayor, E. Hunger. 
Village of Fairmount — President, O. J. Eyerson. 

♦ J. 1. 



Village of Wyndmere — President, J. I. Hanson. 
Village of Abercrombie — President, H. J. Hagen. 
Village of Great Bend — President, A. B. Newman. 

ROLETTE. 

City of Rolla — Mayor, A. O. Graham. 
City of Dunseith — ^Mayor, W. F. Robertson. 
Village of St. John— President, H. Brooks. 
Village of Rolette — President, P. J. Myhre. 
Village of Mylo— President, T. G. Simpson. 
Village of Thome — President. John F. Burfield. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA , 303 



SARGENT. 

Town of Forman — President, Frank Argersinger. 
Town of Milnor — President, C. B. Wheeler. 
Village of Havana — President, A. F. Kopsheover. 
Village of Cogswell — President, H. F. Camp. 
Village of Rutland — President, H. L. Greene. 

SHERIDAN. 

Village of McQusky— President, R. W. Rishworth. 
Village of Goodrich — ^President, John Wittmayer. 

STARK. 

City of Dickinson — Mayor, Geo. M. Fryc. 

Village of Richardton — ^President, Jacob Baggenstoss. 

STEELE. 

City of Hope— Mayor, F. W. Ehred. 
Village of Finley — President, Samuel Oxton. 

STUTSMAN. 

City of Jamestown — Mayor, Pierce Blewett. 
Village of Kensal — President, D. C. Qancy. 
Village of Courtenay — President, J. A. Coflfey. 
Village of Medina — President. Adam Bollinger. 

TOWNER. 

City of Cando— Mayor, Harry Lord. 
Village of Bisbee — President, Henry Thien. 
Village of Egeiand — ^President, John Nash. 
Village of Perth — President, tohn A. Fisher. 
Village of Rock Lake — President, CaL A. Lapham. 

TRAILL. 

Gty of Hillsboro— Mayor, E. C. Haagensen. 
Ctiy of Mayville — ^Mayor, M. J. Borden. 
City of Hatton — Mayor. Chas. E. Swenson. 
City of Reynolds — Mayor. D. J. Hennessy. 
Town of Portland — ^President, S. N. Hoakin. 

WALSH. 

City of Grafton— Mayor, W. W. Reylick. 
Ctiy of Park River — ^Mayor, J. J. Dougherty. 
City of Minto— Mayor, F. C. Plant. 
Village of Ardoch — President, Patrick Bogau. 
Village of Forest River — President, F. L. Whitney. 
Village of Hoople — President, N. C. Olson. 
Village of Conway — President, M. J. Dougherty. 
Village of Pisek — President, James Hajicek. 
Village of Edinburg — President, Ben Tronslin. 
Village of Lankin — President, Thos. Machart. 
Village of Adams — President. O. F. Bookwalter. 
Village of Fairdale — President, W. G. Robertson. 

WARD. 

Village of Tolley — President, Rasmuss Miller. 

Village of Sherwood — President, O. J. Clark. 

Village of Sawyer — President, P. Martins. 

Village of Ryder — ^President, A. C. O. Lomen. 

Village of Portal — President, Wm. E. Metzger. 

Village of Glenburn — President, Ed. S. Healy. 

Village of Donnybrook — President, E. Galehouse. 



304 -^ LEaiSI-AjriVE : M^NlfAL 



■•I 



WARI>— Continued. 

Village of Dougrlas-^Pro^dent, A. G; Bvktg^ion, 

Village of Carpio^Prtsident, Oscar Hasrmn;' 

Village of Columbus—President, J. A, Wdltcr- 

Village of Berthold— W. N. Suydan. 

City of Bo wbells— Mayor, Frea Andrews; 

City of Kenmare — Mavor, E. C. Tollc;^. 

City of Minot — Presiaent of Commission, Arthur Le Seuer. 

WELLS. 

City of Harvey — Mayor, August Peterson. 
City of Fessenden — Mayor, John D. Conner. 
. illage of Cathay— President, B. W. Tayktfl ■ > 

Village of Bowden— President, A. W. Eymftt, - 

Village of Sykeston — President, P. F. Matheus. 

WILLIAMS. ., ' 

City of Williston — Mayor*, Tohn Bruegger. - : 

Village of Ambrose — President, John. Efteland. 
Village of Crosby — President, J. J. Ryder. 
Village of Kermit— President, C. H. Manha^. 



f 



V 



1' 

■ I 



1 " '' , 



( . t 






•t 1 



I -. 



1 1 









■( i ■ ■ ;, « »'. 1 . / 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



305 



LIST OF ATTORNEYS IN NORTH DAKOTA. 

AS RETURNED BY CLERKS OF COURT. 



ADAMS. 



C. M. Parsons Hettinger 

M. E. Renner . .n . . . Hettinger 
O. H. Aygarn ....... .Hettinger 

P. W. Boehm Hettinger 

R. M. Farrington ....Hettinger 

J. W. Lee Reeder. 

Herbert Lewis Reeder 



J. O. Weaver Hettinger 

Henry Moen Hettinger 

E. A. Hunger Hettinger 

Thomas Noble Hettinger 

P. D. Norton Hettinger 

E. C. Thomas Hettinger 



BARNES. 



Herman Winterer . . . Valley Gty 
George M. Young. . .Valley City 

A. P. Paulson Valley City 

Lee Combs Valley City 

H. A. Olsberg Valley City 

E. K. Mason Valley City 



Alfred Zuger Valley City 

Theodore S. Lindland Valley Qty 

J. F. Page Valley City 

G. D. Jones Valley City 

M. J. Englert Valley City 

D. S. ~ 



Ritchie Valley City 



BENSON. 



C. L. Lindstrom . . . Minnewaukan 
O. D. Comstock. ..Minnewaukan 

C. W. Buttz Minnewaukan 

R. A. Stuart Minnewaukan 

T. H. Burke. ... , . .Minnewaukan 
Torgcr Sinnes .... Minnewaukan 
G. T. Christionson. Minnewaukan 

W. H. Thomas Leeds 

R. P. Allison Esmond 



A. E. Buttz ..Leeds 

Victor Wardrope Leeds 

J. E. Skulstad Maddock 

I. C. Davies Esmond 

Theodore Koff el Esmond 

Asa J. Styles Esmond 

J. E. McCarty York 

G. O. Haugen Maddock 



BILLINGS. 



Geo. H. Purchase Beach 

R. F. Gallager Beach 

John Keohane Beach 

Joseph Denoyer Beach 



J. A. Miller Beach 

Ulness & Ulness Marmarth 

Henry L. Rebbe Marmarth 



BOTTINEAU. 



J. D. Sherer Willow City 

W. A. Goldschmidt .... Omemee 

W. H. Adams Bottineau 

E. C. Bowen Bottineau 

J. C. A damson Bottineau 

H. S. Blood Bottineau 

V. B. Noble Bottineau 

A. Besancon Bottineau 

T. J. Weeks Bottineau 

J. J. Murphy Bottineau 

Erik Moum Bottineau 



N. C. Wegner Bottineau 

J. Walseth Bottineau 

John H. Kirk Bottineau 

G. W. Baker Westhope 

C. E. Brace Westhope 

V. O. Soule Westhope 

J. D. Currie Westhope 

R. J. Murphy Russell 

L. T. Hamilton Maxbass 

E. O. Haroldson Lansford 

C. L. Young Lansford 



BOWMAN. 



Emil Scow Bowman 

Theo. B. Torkelson . . . Bowman 
W. H. Padden Scranton 



S. L. Sheldon Bowman 

C. C. Mills Scranton 



-20- 



306 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Attorneys in North Dakota — Continued. 

BURLEIGH. 



N. F. Boucher Bismarck 

G. F. Dullam Bismarck 

Geo. M. Register Bismarck 

R. N. Stevens Bismarck 

J. W. Bull Bismarck 

Geo. H. Niles Bismarck 

Wm. F. Cochrane .... Bismarck 

F. H. Register Bismarck 

T. R. Mockler Bismarck 

Andrew Miller Bismarck 

W. L. Smith Bismarck 



John F. Fort Bismarck 

Geo. W. Newton Bismarck 

J. F. Philbrick Bismarck 

L C. Fenninger Bismarck 

C. F. Donahoe Bismarck 

H. R. Berndt Bismarck 

C. B. Little Bismarck 

E. A. Williams Bismarck 

J. R. Gage Bisamrck 

H. C. Bradley Bismarck 

E. C. Ruble DriscoU 



CASS. 



Ball, Watson, Young & 

Lawrence Fargo 

Engerud, Holt & Frame ..Fargo 

Verner R. Lovell Fargo 

Bamett & Richardson ....Fargo 
Turner & Lewis Fargo 

E. H. Wright Fargo 

H. F. Miller Fargo 

R. M. Pollock Fargo 

W. C. Resser Fargo 

W. J. Clapp Fargo 

Taylor Crum Fargo 

T. H. McEnroe Fargo 

Walter W. Smith Fargo 

Jacob Lowell Fargo 

Thos. Baker , Jr Fargo 

W. H. Shure Fargo 

S. G. Roberts Fargo 

Martin Ryan Fargo 

Stambaugh & Fowler .... Fargo 

F. J. Thompson Fargo 

E. H. Smith Fargo 

T. A. McEldowney Fargo 

J. G. Pfeffer Fargo 



A. B. Guptill Fargo 

W. A. Scott Fargo 

L. L. Twichell Fargo 

J. A. Montgomery Fargo 

A. G. Hanson Fargo 

Geo. H. Phelps Fargo 

Wm. B. Douglas Fargo 

John D. Farrand Fargo 

L. C. Johnson Fargo 

M. A. Hildreth Fargo 

C. H. Laizure Fargo 

A. T. Cole Fargo 

E. C. Gearey Fargo 

Robinson & Lemke Fargo 

Glassford & Lacy Fargo 

Pierce, Tenneson & Cupler Fargo 

Smith Stimmel Casselton 

S. D. Bartlett Casselton 

J. F. Callahan Casselton 

Chas. E. Stowcrs ....Wheatland 

S. G. More Buffalo 

A. A. Twichell Tower City 

W. T. Courtney » .Page 

H. Hallenberg Fargo 



CAVALIER. 



W. A. Mclntvre Langdon 

Fred E. Smith Langdon 

Geo. M. Price Langdon 

Joseph ' Cleary Langdon 

J. G. Johnson Langdon 



P. G. Johnson Langdon 

W. B.^ Dickson Langdon 

G. Grimson Munich 

U. L. Burdick Munich 

Soren Lemmick Sarles 



DICKEY. 



E. E. Cassels Ellendale 

George T. Webb Ellendale 

F. J. Graham Ellendale 

James M. Austin Ellendale 

Youker & Perry Ellendale 



Geo. H. Fay Oakes 

Benjamin Porter Fullerton 

W. S. Wickersham Oakes 

S. G. Cady Oakes 



W. A. Carna 



DUNN. 
.Marshall | O. J. Jolley 
EDDY. 



. Manning 



Jas. A. Man ley . . New Rockf ord 
C. J. Maddux . . New Rockf ord 
R. F. Rinker New Rockf ord 



J. S. Cameron .... New Rockford 

A. A. Fletcher Sheyenne 

D. T. Ellsworth ..New Rockford 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



307 



Attorneys in North Dakota — Continued. 



EMMONS. 



George W. Lynn Linton 

Charles Coventry Linton 

H. A. Armstrong Linton 



Scott Cameron Linton 

Charles S. Lane Linton 



FOSTER. 



R. A. Bill Carrington 

C. B. Craven Carrington 

J. F. Faytle McHenry 

W. E. Hoopes Carrington 

E. P. Kelly Carrington 



W. O. Lowden McHenry 

S. N. Miller McHenry 

T. F. McCue Carrington 

Harold M. Smith .... Carrington 
John W. White Carrington 



GRAND FORKS. 



Tracy Bangs 

Geo. A. Bangs . . . 

A. A. Bruce 

G. C. H. Corliss . 
W. L. A. Calder . 

F. B. Feetham . . . 
J. G. Hamilton . . . 
Martin O. Haugen 
C- J. Murphy .... 
Fred S. Duggan . 

W. J. Mayer 

John W. Ogren . . . 

Scott Rex 

Geo. R. Robbins . 

J. A. Sorley 

S. G. Skulason . . . 

P. J. Conmy 

Bardi G. Skulason 
O. B. Burtness . . . 
J. B. Wineman . . . 
R. C. Morten . . . . 
L. P. McNulty ... 

G. J. Clauson . . . . 
Leah A. Bennett . . 
R. H. Dreisbach . . 

F. J. Sibell 

Geo. O. Colborn . . 
Albert E. Selby ... 



. Grand 
. Grand 
.Grand 
.Grand 
. Grand 
. Grand 
. Grand 

Grand 
.Grand 
. Grand 
.Grand 
. Grand 
.Grand 
.Grand 
. Grand 
. Grand 
. Grand 
.Grand 
. Grand 
. Grand 
Grand 
Grand 
Grand 

Grand 
Grand 
, Grand 
Grand 
. Grand 



Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
xorks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 
Forks 



H. L. Whithed Grand Forks 

W. L. Wildv Grand Forks 

Chas. McMullen ....Grand Forks 
Helen Hamilton ....Grand Forks 

C. M. Cooley Grand Forks 

Geo. A. McDonald ..Grand Forks 

H. A. Bronson Grand Forks 

Steve D. McKinnon Grand Forks 

Wm. T. Rorke Grand Forks 

L. A. Chance Grand Forks 

W. A. Joy Grand Forks 

L. E. Birdzell Grand Forks 

S. J. Cowley Larimore 

Thos. H. Pugh Larimore 

O. A. Wilcox Larimore 

S. J. Radcliffe Larimore 

A. A. Davis' Larimore 

M. V. Linwell Northwood 

J. R. Barry Inkster 

Chas. Harshman Gilby 

W. H. Linwell Northwood 

J. A. Gullickson ....Grand Forks 

C. B. Halls Grand Forks 

W. E. Richardson . . Grand Forks 
Geo. I. Rodsater . . Grand Forks 

W. J. Tighe Grand Forks 

Peter A. S. Winter .Grand Forks 



GRIGGS. 



David . Bartlett . . . . . Cooperstown 
Frank ' Gladstone . . . Cooperstown 
A. M. Baldwin ....Cooperstown 
Omon B. Herigstad Cooperstown 



Benjamin Tufte 
T. A. Thompson 
W. H. Carleton 



. . . Cooperstown 
. . . Cooperstown 
. . . Cooperstown 



•Geo. H. Stone 



HETTINGER. 
.Mott 



KIDDER. 



Joseph W. Walker Steele 

Charles H. Stanley Steele 



T. F. Smith Steele 

H. L. Greenawalt Steele 



308 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Attorneys in North Dakota — Continued. 



LaMOURE. 



S. C. Davis LaMoure 

R. W. S. Blackwell LaMoure 

E. M. Warren LaMoure 

M. C. Lasell LaMoure 

W. H. Hutchinson .... LaMoure 

W. D. Lynch • LaMoure 

W. J. Hughes LaMoure 



Geo. P. Jones LaMoure 

Fred H. Larsen Kulm 

J. B. Sharpe Kulm 

P. J. Burf ening Kulm 

Murfin & Doane Edgeley 

Elmer £. Healy Marion 



LOGAN. 



Geo. M. McKenna .... Napoleon 
Wm. A. O'Donnell ...Napoleon 



D. L. Anderson Napoleon 



M'HENRY. 



A. M. Christiansen Towner 

Albert Weber Towner 

Chas. D. Donnelly Towner 

D. J. O'Connell Towner 

Butler Lamb Towner 

E. C. Rudolph Towner 

H. B. Senn Towner 

Tillman Smith Upham 

W. E. Slavens Granville 

C. W. Hookway Granville 



T. L. Lee Velva 

N. O. Dolve Velva 

J. R. Meagher Velva 

H. V^an Fredenberg Drake 

H. S. Kline Anamoose 

J. K. Murray Anamoose 

G. R. Brainard Anamoose 

Geo. M. Kremer Balfour 

D. T. Owens Balfour 



M'INTOSH. 



A. W. Qyde Ashley 

T. H. Wishek Ashley 

R. R. Hedtke Ashley 

G. M. Gannon Ashley 



Franz Shubeck Ashley 

T. A. McKee Ashley 

A. P. Guy Wishek 

H. W. Piatt Wishek 



McKENZIE. 



C. C. Converse Schafer 

N. F. Snyder Schafer 

Ben W. Hosmer Banks 



Robert Norhoim Alexander 

J. H. McGarry Alexander 



M'LEAN. 



D. P. Bates Goodrich 

W. P. Castello Dogden 

B. F. Freeburger Max 

R. L. Eraser Garrison 

Geo. P. Gibson Washburn 

J. A. Hyland Washburn 

T. Hyland Washburn 

J. T. Hoge Underwood 

O. P. Jordal Goodrich 

Theo. Landmann .. .Washburn 
Thos. D. Morrow Denhoflf 



.lames T. McCulloch ..Washburn 

W. L. Nuessle Washburn 

J. E. Nelson .' Washburn 

G. Olgeirson Washburn 

H. F. O'Hare Garrison 

G. Thorn Denhoff 

L E. Williams Turtle Lake 

T. T. Williams Wilton 

F. E. Wright Max 

T. J. Edwards Underwood 

Alfred S. Boe Ruso 



MERCER. 



Eugene D. Case Stanton 

Geo. I. Reimestad Stanton 



H. L. VanBenschoten Krem. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



309 



Attorneys in North Dakota — Continued. 



MORTON. 



A. M. Packard ....... .Mandan 

J. M. Hanley Mandan 

Jno. T. Sullivan Mandan 

B. W. Shaw Mandan 

H. R. Bitzing Mandan 

W. H. Stutsman Mandan 

J. £. Campbell Mandan 

L. H. Connelly Mandan 

I. N. Steen Mandan 

F. £. Luche Mandan 



E. A. 
S. L. 
H. S. 
J. V. 
G. I. 
Oliver 
G. W. 
A. T. 
Albert 



Ripley Mandan 

Nuchols Mandan 

GoflF Almont 

McCormick .... New Salem 
Reimestad .... New Salem 

Leverson New Salem 

Howe New Salem 

Faber Glen UlHn 

Heil Glen Ullin 



MOUNTRAIL. 



F. L. Alger Stanley 

H. W. Blichfeldt Tagus 

E. W. Burke Stanley 

L. A. Fisher White Earth 

P. D. Jones Stanley 

J. E. Scverson Stanley 



P. D. Tones Stanley 

H. J. Linde Plaza 

Miller & Linde Stanley 

C. A. Arness Plaza 

rtobt. ' F. Nash Stanley 



NELSON. 



Fred A. Kelley Lakota 

Geo. D. Kelly Lakota 

C. N. Frich Lakota 

John Samson Lakota 



M. A. Shirley . . 
John Fleming . . . 
Halvard Norskog 
B. P. Sandlie . 



Aneta 

Michigan City 

Aneta 

Lakota 



Robert Dunn 



OLIVER. 
, Center 

PEMBINA. 



M. Brynjolfson Cavalier 

E. W. Cfonmy Pembina 

P. E. Halldorson Cavalier 

A. L. & T. A. Miller St. Thomas 

H. B. Spiller Pembina 

C. L. Spring Hamilton 

H. G. Vick Pembina 

E. T. Conmy Pembina 



W. J. Burke Bathgate 

D. J. Laxdal Cavalier 

Wm. McMurchie St. Thomas 

Geo. Peterson Pembina 

T. D. Stack Walhalla 

W. E. Kelley , Neche 

Gunderson & Monson ..Drayton 



PIERCE. 



Torson & Vetleson Rugby 

T. A. Small Rugby 

L. R. Nostdal Rugby 

Paul Campbell Rugby 

J. A. Smale Rugby 



B. L. Shuman Rugby 

T. A. Toner Rugby 

A. E. Coger Rugby 

W. L. Petree Rugby 



RAMSEY. 



W. M. Anderson .... Devils 

John Burke Devils 

M. H. Brennan ..... Devils 

T. M. Blumer Devils 

F. T. Cuthbert Devils 

D. G. Ducll Devils 

E. F. Flynn Devils 

R. Goer Devils 

Tohn F. Henry ..... Devils 
Christopher Jacpbsen Devils 



Lake 
Lake 
Lake 
Lake 
Lake 
Lake 
Lake 
Lake 
Lake 
Lake 



J. W. Maher Devils Lake 

Peter J. McClory . . . Devils Lake 

T. W. Morrissey Edmore 

H. D. Middaugh .... Devils Lake 

F. H. Prosser Devils Lake 

Homer Resler Starkweather 

Siver Serumgard ....Devils Lake 

Fred J. Traynor Devils Lake 

T,. T. Wehe Edmore 

F. M. Schneringer Grand Harbor 



310 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Attorneys- in North Dakota — Continued. 

RANSOM. 



Forest S. Thomas Lisbon 

Chas. S. Ego Lisbon 

Frank P. Allen Lisbon 

Thomas A. Curtis Lisbon 

S. D. Adams Lisbon 

Alfred M. Kvello Lisbon 

P. H. Rourke Lisbon 



Chas. O. Heckle Lisbon | 

C. W. Buttz Buttzville 

C. G. Bangert Sheldon 

Ed. Pierce Sheldon 

E. F. Hull Sheldon 

C. A. Kvello Enderlin 

Henry W. Tobey Enderlin 



RICHLAND. 



A. G. Divet Wahpeton 

J. G. .Forbes Wahpeton 

D. R. Tones Wahpeton 

P. J. McCumber ....Wahpeton 

W. E. Purcell Wahpeton 

Gustav Schuler Wahpeton 

S. H. Snyder Wahpeton 

F. B. Schneller Wahpeton 

W. S. Lauder Wahpeton 

Geo. E. Wallace Wahpeton 

R. N. Ink Wahpeton 



C. E. 
Chas. 
J. A. 
W. S. 
W. I. 
A. L. 
Martin 
G. H. 
H. C. 
Folsom 



Wolfe Wahpeton 

Tuttle Fairmount 

Dwyer Hankinson 

Lowry Hankinson 

Irvine Lidgerwood 

Parsons Lidgerwood 

Scranstad . . . .Wyndmere 
Karsvick . . . . Abercrombie 

N. Myhra Wahpeton 

Dow Wahpeton 



ROLETTE. 



C. R. Gailfus Rolla 

H. E. Plymat Rolla 

Wm. Bateson Rolla 

F. E. Harris Rolla 

H. A. Hanson ....Rolla 



A. L. Nelson Rolette 

D. T. McLennan Rolette 

L. D. Gooler Dunseith 

L. L. Martineau St. John 



SARGENT. 



E. W. Bow«n Forman 

S. A. Sweetman Forman 

J. E. Bishop Forman 



O. S. Sem Milnor 

Henry B. Thompson Milnor 

A. Leslie Cogswell 



SHERIDAN. 



Thomas Morrow Denhoff 

Geo. Thom, Jr Denhoff 

O. P. Jordal Goodrich 



Frank Temple McQusky 

D. P. Bates Goodrich 



STARK. 



1^ 

i 

F. 
H. 
H. 
V. 



A. Simpson Dickinson 

G. Campbell Dickinson 

H. Field Dickinson 

F. Burnett Dickinson 

C. Heffron Dickinson 

A. Bergerson Dickinson 

E. Haney Dickinson 

A. Hill Dickinson 



G. A. 
M. L. 
Joseph 
H. C. 
L. R. 
F. E. 
T. F. 
H. E. 



McFarlane Dickinson 

McBride Dickinson 

Messersmith . . . Dickinson 

Berry Dickinson 

Baird Dickinson 

McCurdy Richardton 

Murtha Dickinson 

Harry Belfield 



STEELE. 



George Murray Sherbrooke 

Wm. Barclay Sherbrooke 

C. S. Shippy Hope 

E. S. Johnson Hope 



Samuel Mosby Finlcy 

W. L. Carpenter Finley 

C. C. Hagen Finley 

J. M. Johnson Sharon 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



311 



Attorneys in North Dakota. — Continued. 



STUTSMAN. 



F. Baldwin Jamestown 

W. Carr Jamestown 

A. Coffey Jamestown 

Fohn Knauf Jamestown 

Fames A. Murphy . . . .Jamestown 

S. Carr Kensal 

Oscar J. Seller Jamestown 

Alfred Steel Jamestown 

Marion Conklin Jamestown 

E. V. Hillius Medina 



Geo. W. Thorp ... 
F. G. Kneeland . . . 

S. A. Wilder 

R. G. McFarland. . 

S. A. Ratcliffe 

A. W. Aylmer . . . . 

D. S. Roberts 

C. S. Buck ... 

John U. Hemmi . . 



Famestown 
Faraestown 
famestown 
Famestown 
. Medina 
Famestown 
Famestown 
Famestown 
Famestown 



TOWNER. 



H. D. Skinner Cando 

J. V. Brooke *. Cando 

J. J. Kehoe Cando 

Sennett & Middaugh Cando 



John S. Moothart 
W. T. I 



Moseley 

Houska & McFarland 



... Cando 
... Cando 
. . . Bisbee 



TRAILL. 



F. W. Ames Mayvillc 

R. S. Enge Mayvillc 

C. E. Leslie Hillsboro 

A. O. Nelson Hatton 



P. G. Swenson Hillsboro 

Theo. Kaldor Hillsbora 

Chas. A. Lyche Hatton 



WALSH. 



E. N. Swig^um Grafton 

C. A. M. Spencer Grafton 

H. W. Phelps Grafton 

Tames £. Gray Grafton 

Jeff M. Myers Grafton 

E. R. Sinkler Grafton 

Tobias D. Casey Grafton 

G. J. Christie Grafton 

Grant S. Hager Grafton 

H. C. DePuy Grafton 



John E. Garvey Grafton 

John H. Fraihe Grafton 

VVilliam McKenzie Grafton 

W. R. DePuy Grafton 

Jesse D. Phelps » Minto 

H. A. Libby Park River 

E. Smith-Peterson . . . Park River 

Joel Myers Park River 

George W. Young .... Park River 
A. C. Thompson Adams 



WARD. 



James Johnson Minot 

Geo. A. McGee Minot 

R. A. Nestos Minot 

John A. Bird Minot 

M. J. Barrett Minot 

D. C. Greenleaf Minot 

J. J. Coyle Minot 

L. J. Palda , Jr Minot 

B. H. Bradford Minot 

T. E. Olsgard Minot 

R. H. Bosard . .^ Minot 

Wm. Murray Minot 

D. H. Carroll Minot 

H. L. Halvorson Minot 

C. H. Harshall Sherwood 

Francis J. Murphy .... Kenmare 

S. W. Richardson Kenmare 

Geo. xfi. Gray Kenmare 

John W. White .... Donnybrook 

Bertie Nelson Flaxton 

P. M. Clark Kenmare 



George E. Childs Kenmare 

John E. Bryan Grano 

John E. Greene Minot 

C. A. Johnson Minot 

Alfred Blaisdell Minot 

N. Davis Minot 

K. E. Leighton Minot 

John Bates Minot 

A. LeSueur Minot 

C. Aurland Minot 

Ben E. Combs Donnybrook 

Dudley L. Nash Minot 

John H. Lewis Minot 

A. W. Gray Kenmare 

S. M. Lockerby Portal 

J. F. Hoffman Donnybrook 

W. E. McQueen Berthold 

George A. Gilmore Mohall 

Geo. H. Gjertsen Bowbells 

Ren W. Hosmer Glenburn 

A. M. Thompson Minot 



312 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Attorneys in North Dakota. — Continued. 

WARD— Continued. 



G. G. Ripley Mohall 

John Shipman Bowbells 

Geo. Ryerson Minot 

H. J. Schull Minot 

C. D. Aaker Minot 

Mark M. Cliatfield Minot 

Ray Andrews Bowbells 

H. E. Johnson Ryder 

Gains Wooledge Kenmare 

F. B. Lambert Minot 

L. H. Paige Berthold 

C. E. Pierson Bowbells 

A. J. Schmidt Des Lacs 

E. P. Walter Glenburn 

M. R. Keith Kenmare 

C. A. Spencer Minot 

R. H. Grace Mohall 

F. W. Medberry Ross 

R. L. Eraser Ryder 

Clark Hovey Minot 



Arthur Blaisdell Minot 

John Fahey Minot 

J. E. Burke Minot 

E. L. Sutton Minot 

F. B. Andrews Bowbells 

L. W. Gammons Minot 

Ben Bach Minot 

A. W. Movius Bowbells 

M. O. Dahle Columbas 

John Anderson Donnybrook 

L. F. Qausen Kenmare 

T. E. Neary Minot 

G. W. Tuiford Minot 

E. W. Burke Palermo 

R. F. Nash Portal 

H. J. Coleman Ryder 

W. A. Guilfoyle ^ Sherwood 

Grover C. Schmidt .... Des Lacs 
a,. A. Tannas Ambrose 



WELLS. 



J. J. Youngblood .... Fessenden 
P. H. Woodward .... Fessenden 
W. E. Macdonald .... Fessenden 
George K. Shaw, Jr., Fessenden 

R. A. Palmeter Fessenden 

B. F. Whipple Fessenden 

John A. Layne Fessenden 



John O. Hanchett Harvey 

Henry J. Bessesen Harvey 

Aloys Wartner Harvey 

H. L. Berry Harvey 

Otto Grethen Harvey 

Fred Jansonius Bowden 

A. G. Covell Sykeston 



WILLIAMS. 



fJ. A. Stewart Wil 

AV. B. Overson Wil 

Percy S. Crewe Wil 

Arthur L. Knauf Wil 

A. J. Stafne Wil 

Frank Fisk Wil 

Geo. A. Gilmore Wi 

Edwin A. Palmer ....Wil 

£. C. Carney Wil 

A. L Bessie Wil 

T. S. Becker Wil 

H. J. Monsch Wil 

H. W. Braatlien Wil 

L S. O'Neill Wil 

t. W. Greer Wil 



ston 
ston 
ston 
ston 
ston 
ston 
ston 
ston 
ston 
ston 
ston 
ston 
ston 
ston 
ston 



Wm. Maloney Wheelock 



H. B. Doughty Williston 

A. Woodward Williston 

Geo. H. Moellering Ray 

Van R. Brown Ray 

Ira R. Elliott Ray 

F. N. Hoff Ray 

T. F. Burns Tioga 

Geo. Cudhie Crosby 

R. H. Points Crosby 

Geo. P. Homness Crosby 

H. B. Wingerd Epping 

F. 1. Lyon Ambrose 

Walter W. Todd Ambrose 

T. G. Austinson Ambrose 

Guy L, Scott Ambrose 



STATE O/ NORTH DAKOTA 313 



REGISTERED LAW STUDENTS. 

Name Post Office Name i:*ost Office 

Aaen» Morten H Williston Hoenisch, R. M Dogden 

Aaen, Bernhard A. ,... Williston Rowland, John M. ...Kenmare 

Baker, Grenville W. ..Westhope Hiers, Alva Mott 

Backlund, J. Victor ....Lisbon Jackson, Bruce B. .Grand Forks 

Backhoff , Leonard .... . .Minot Jewett, N. Scott Center 

Bagan, Bernard J. .Grand Forks Jensen, Othar K Minot 

Ber^, Julius Larimore Jensen , Johannes Velva 

Bitzmg, Earl K New Salem Jongeward, A. R Rugby 

Birdsell, S. S Jamestown Kacnelhoffer, Chas. J. Wahpeton 

Blaisdell, Josiah C Minot Kling, J. Henry ....New dalem 

Brown , Alvin H Williston Lee , M. A Edmorc 

Breslin, J. P Des Lacs Lampman, Ben H. ...Michigan 

Brainard, O. B. Anamoose Maloney, Charles F. .Wheelock 

Bridston , Oscar . . Grand Forks Martin , T. A Cando 

"Brown, Lew A Kenmare Malmberg, Ernest Fargo 

Butterick, L. L. Leeds Maloney, James W. ..Wheelock 

Bitterling, C. H Munich Maloney, Albert E. ..Wheelock 

Boe, Alfred S Dogden Merritt, Wm. G Kenmare 

Campbell, John L Max Miller, W. G Bisbec 

Cayanagh, John T. ..Westhope Miller, James M Hope 

"Chittick, Wm Grand Forks Minehan, M. F Garrison 

Chalsma, C. F Leeds Miller, Jay A Devils Lake 

Connolly, Florence .Devils Lake Millard, John A Hettinger- 

Connolly, Howard .Devils Lake Morris, John T Maddock 

tJodding, Geo. A., Minnewaukan McClory, John S. ..Devils Lake 

"Cole, P. L. Page McGibbon, Wm. ..Grand Forks 

"Craigen, Charles Andrew Neche McKechnie, Norman ..Langdon 

Curtis, Walter G Lisbon McGovern, Dan B Minot 

Chase, Russell D., Jamestown McFarland, C. B. ...Jamestown 

Davis, Henry J Bismarck Officer, I. E Edmore 

T)avis, Carlton B Minot O'Keefe, Henry ..Grand Forks 

Davidson, R. G Jamestown Olson, C. H Bismarck 

Devaney. Thomas .'...Langdon Poe, Will T Williston 

Divet , Walter L Wahpeton Pearsons , V. R Oberon 

"Ellis, L. H Jamestown Pinney, Geo. P Fargo 

Edlinp-. Alys R Minot Posey, James Kulm 

"Falger, Wm- Devils Lake Price, Thomas Pingree 

Pangsrude, Anna O. Park River Peterson, Halldorn ....Cavalier 

Parmer, Roy Milton .... Fargo Roe , John T Devils Lake 

Pield, John B Garrison Rittgers, Harry Jamestown 

Porbes, Mason M. ...Wahpeton Ramsdell, J. W. ..White Earth 

Porrest, Chas. E Cando Ritchie, L. S. B. ...Valley City 

Fletcher, E. E Lsingdon Sandlie, Bernhardt .... Lakota 

Grandy, Louis M. ..St. Thomas Seagern, C. O Hurdsfield 

Grady, John P Dickinson Shaw, Frank E Sheldon 

Craft, Geo. W Cooperstown Spalding, C. D Fargo 

Green, Wm. C Bismarck Sordal, B. A ..Minot 

Griffin, E. H Edmore Swenson, Hjalmar Lakota 

Gunderson, E. H. .Grand Forks Swengel, Richard D. ..Esmond 

Gumlogson, C Grand Forks Ulsrud, J. H Williston 

"Haines, F. B Towner Thompson, B. E. ..Grand Forks 

"Hampton. T. J Wheatland Tinker, Luke Anamoose 

"Heder, J. Arvil Grafton Tobin, Wm. F LaMoure 

"Holbert, Charles M. ..LaMoure Tronslin, Ben Munich 

"Hanson, Andrew A Towner Wallace, Earl S Drayton 

TTanyen. E. R Minot Ware, Thomas A. .Grand Forks 

Hendrickson, J. E Fargo Wait, Grover Langdon 

"Halliday, Rov A Minot Wood, Harry A Ambrose 

Hvland, Frank H. .Devils Lake Walsh, John A Larimore 

Hempel, J. W Denhoff Westergaard, Wm. H. Williston 

Hooi. Stewart Jamestown Wish'ird, D. M Wahpeton 

Hutchinson. Fred V. ..LaMoure Wright, J. Alta Minot 



314 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



TERMS OF DISTRICT COURT. 

Adams county, Tenth district, first Tuesday in April and second 
Tuesday in October. 

Barnes county, Fifth distrct, first Monday in January and first 
Monday in July. 

Benson county, Second district, second Monday in June and third 
Monday in November. 

Billings county. Tenth district, second Tuesday in January and 
first Tuesday in June. 



t Bottineau county. Ninth district, second Monday in February* 
fourth Monday in April, fourth Monday in June, third Monday in 
September, third Monday in November. 



Stemoer, tnird Monaay in JNovemoer. 
owman county. Tenth district, terms as jud^e shall direct. 

Burleigh county. Sixth district, third Tuesday in May and fourth 
Tuesday in November. 

*Cass county. Third district, first Tuesday after first Monday in 
January, fourth Tuesday in April, first Tuesday in September and 
first Tuesday in November. 

tCavalier county. Seventh district, first Tuesday in December, sec- 
ond Tuesday in June, first Tuesday in March and second Tuesday 
in September. 

Dickey county. Fourth district, fourth Tuesday in June and first 
Wednesday after first Tuesday in November. 

Dunn county. Tenth district, two terms as judge may direct. 

Eddy county. Firth district, fourth Monday in May and fourth 
Monday in November. 

Emmons county. Sixth district, first Tuesday in May and first 
Tuesday in October. 

Foster county. Fifth district, first Monday in May and second 
Monday in October. 

Grand Forks county. First district, first Tuesday in each month, 
except August and September. 

Griggs county. Fifth district, second Monday in May and second 
Monday in November. 

Hettinger county. Tenth district, two terms as the judge may 
direct. 

Kidder county. Sixth district, third Tuesday in June and second 
Tuesday in January. 

LaMoure county. Fifth district, first Monday in February and 
fourth Monday in September. 

Logan county. Fifth district, fourth Monday in April and fourth 
Monday in October. 

ttMcHenry county. Ninth district, second Monday in March, sec- 
ond Monday in May, third Monday in Julv, first Monday in October 
and third Monday in December. 

Mcintosh county. Fourth district, second Tuesday in March and 
third Tuesday in October. 

McKenzie county. Tenth district, two terms as judge shall direct. 

McLean county. Sixth district, second Monday in June and sec- 
end Monday in December. 

Mercer county, Tenth district, third Tuesday in June and fourth 
Tuesday in October. 

ttMorton county. Tenth district, first Tuesday in May, first 
Tuesday in February and second Tuesday in November. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 315 



Terms of District Court — Cont'd. 

Mountrail county, Eighth district, two terms as the judge shall 
direct. 

Nelson county. First district, first Monday after the fourth day 
of July, and the first Monda" after the first day of January. 

Oliver county. Tenth district, two terms as judge shall direct. 

***Pembina county. Seventh district, first Tuesday in January, 
first Tuesday in June, first Tuesday in April, first Tuesday in Oc- 
tober. 

§ Pierce county. Ninth district, third Monday in January, first 
Monday in April, first Monday in June, first Monday in September, 
third Monday in October. 

Ramsey county, Second district, first Monday in January and 
first Monday in June. 

Ransom county. Fourth district, first Tuesday in May and second 
Tuesday in January. 

Richland county. Fourth district, first Tuesday in June and first 
Tuesday in December. 

Rolette county. Second district, third Monday in February and 
fourth Monday in June. 

Sargent county. Fourth district, third Tuesday in May and third 
Tuesday in November. 

Sheridan county. Sixth district, two terms as iudge may direct. 

titStark county. Tenth district, third Tuesday in May, second 
Tuesday in September and first xuesday in December. 

Steele county. Third district, third Tuesday in June and third 
Tuesday in October. 

Stutsman county. Fifth district, second Monday in June and 
second Monday in December. 

Towner county. Second district, first Monday in December and 
first Monday in May. 

Traill county. Third district, second Tuesday in February and 
first Tuesday in December. ' 

** Walsh county. Seventh district, fourth Tuesday in January, 
fourth Tuesday in June, third Tuesday in November, third Tuesday 
in March. 

Ward county. Eighth district, fourth Monday in January, fourth 
Monday in April and fourth Monday in October. 

Wells county. Fifth district, third Monday in January and third 
Monday in July. 

Williams county. Eighth district, fourth Monday In February, fourth 
Monday in July and fourth Monday in September. 



*No jury September term. 

**No jury March or November terms. 

***No jury April or October terms. 

fNo jury A^'ril, June and September. 

ttNo jury May, July and October. 

§No jury April, September and October. 

tNo jury xviarch and September. 

ttNo jury February term. 

tttNo jury September term. 

Chambers, Morton county, first Monday in January, March, May, 
July, September and November, and in the county of Stark on 
the first Monday in the months of February, April, June, August, 
October and December. 



316 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



POST OFFICES IN NORTH DAKOTA. 

CORRECTED TO JANUARY 1, 1909. 
(c. h. indicates county seats.) 
County Town 



Town 

Abercrombie Richland 

Absaraka Cass 

Ackworth Rolette 

Acton Walsh 

Adams Walsh 

Addison Cass 

Adrian LaMoure 

Aetna Burleigh 

Agate Rolette 

Agricultural College Cass 

Akra Pembina 

Alcide Rolette 

Alden Hettinger 

Alexander (c. h.) ... McKenzie 

Alfred LaMoure 

Alice Cass 

Almont Morton 

Alpha Billings 

Alsen Cavalier 

Alta Burleigh 

Amanda Mountrail 

Ambrose Williams 

Amenia Cass 

Amor Bowman 

Anamoose McHenry 

Aneta Nelson 

Angie Williams 

Anselm Ransom 

Antelope Stark 

Antler Bottineau 

Aplin Oliver 

Ardock Walsh 

Arena Burleigh 

Argusville Cass 

Armourdale Towner 

Arnegard McKenzie 

Arthur Cass 

Arvilla Grand Forks 

Ash Bowman 

Ashley (c. h.) Mcintosh 

Ashtabula Barnes 

Aster Oliver 

Auburn Walsh 

Aurelia Ward 

Austin Bowman 

Avoca Williams 

Ayr Cass 

Bachelor Rolette 

Backoo Pembina 



County 

Baden Ward 

Badland Billings 

Bailey Dunn 

Baldwin Burleigh 

Balfour McHenry 

Banks McKenzie 

Bantry McHenry 

Barber Ward 

Barlow Foster 

Barnes Morton 

Barney Richland 

Bartlett Ramsey 

Barton Pierce 

Basto McLean 

Bathgate Pembina 

Beach Billings 

Beaulieu Cavalier 

Belcourt Rolette 

Belden Mountrail 

Belfield Stark 

Benedict McLean 

Benson LaMoure 

Bentley Adams 

Berdella Rolette 

Berg McKenzie 

Bergen McHenry 

Berlin LaMoure 

Berry Hettinger 

Bertha Rolette 

Bcrthold Ward 

Berwick M'^Henry 

Bessie Bililngs 

Bethel Morton 

Binf ord Griggs 

Bisbee Towner 

Bismarck (c. h.) Burleigh 

Blabon Steele 

Blackwater McLean 

Blaisdell Mountrail 

Blanchard Traiil 

Bluegrass Morton 

Bohan Burleigh 

Bonetraill Williams 

Bordulac Foster 

Bostonia Kidder 

Bottineau (c. h.) ....Bottineau 

Boundary Rolette 

Bowbells Ward 

Bowdish Mercer 

Bowden Wells 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



31T 



Post Oflloes in North Dakota — Continued. 



Town County 

Bo wesmont Pembina 

Bowman Bowman 

Braddock Emmons 

Brampton Sargent 

Brazil Pierce 

Brenizer Billings 

Brinsmade Benson 

Brittin Burleigh 

Brocket Ramsey 

Broncho Mercer 

Brookbank Mountrail 

Brooks Dunn 

Brumbaugh Towner 

Buchanan Stutsman 

Bucyrus Adams 

Buffalo Cass 

Buffalo Springs Bowman 

Buf ord Williams 

Burkey Billings 

Burlington Ward 

Burnstad Logan 

Butte Oliver 

Buttzville Ransom 

Buxton Traill 

Byers McLean 

Caledonia Traill 

Calio Cavalier 

Calvin Cavalier 

Cambridge Mercer 

Cando (c h.) Towner 

Canfield Burleigh 

Cannon Ball Morton 

Carbury Bottineau 

Carl Morton 

Carlisle Pembina 

Carpenter Rolette 

Carpio Ward 

Carrington (c. h.) Foster 

Carson Morton 

Cartwright McKenzie 

Cashel Walsh 

Casselton Cass 

Cathay Wells 

Catlin McKenzie 

Cavalier Pembina 

Cayuga Sargent 

Cecil Pierce 

Cedar Adams 

Center (c. h.) Oliver 

Chaffee Cass 

Chancier Hettinger 

Charlson McKenzie 

Chaseley Wells 

Cherry *. McKenzie 

Chester Mountrail 

Christine Richland 

Churchs Ferry Ramsey 

Clare Stutsman 

Clement «... Dickey 

Cleveland Stutsman 

Clifford Traill 



Town County 

Clinton Williams 

Qyde Cavalier 

Coal Harbor McLean 

Cogswell Sargent 

Coldwater Mcintosh 

Colfax Richland 

Colgan Williams- 
Colgate Steele 

Collins Dunn 

Columbus Ward 

Concord Bowman 

Concrete Pembina 

Conkling McLean 

Considine Towner 

Conway Walsb> 

Cook Adam» 

Coolin Towner 

Cooperstown (c. h.) ....Griggs- 

Cordelia Bottineau 

Cordcs •. . Oliver 

Coteau » Ward 

Cottonwood Lake .... Williams 

Coulee Mountrail 

Courtenay Stutsman 

Crary Ramsey 

Crete Sargent 

Crocus Towner 

Crosby Williams 

Crowmell Burleigh 

Crystal Pembina 

Crystal Springs Kidder 

Cuba Barnes^ 

Cumtngs Traill 

Curtis McLean 

Daglum Stark 

Dakem Emmons 

Dale Emmons 

Daneville Williams- 
Daniels Cavalier 

Davenport Cass 

Dawson Kidder 

Dazey Barnes 

Deapolis Mercer 

Deep Bottineau 

Deepriver McHenry 

Deering McHenry 

Deer Lake Stutsman 

jJefiance Mercer 

Deisem LaMoure 

DeLamere Sargent 

Denbigh McHenry 

Denhoff Sheridan 

Derrick Ramsey 

Desart Billings- 

Des Lacs Ward 

DeVaul Morton 

Devils Lake (c. h.) ....Ramsey 

Diamond Morton 

Dickey LaMoure 

Dickinson (c. h.) Stark 



318 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Pott Offices in North Dakota — Continued. 



Town County 

Dion Lake Rolette 

Divide Eddy 

Dogden McLean 

Dogtooth Morton 

Dokken Bottineau 

Donnybrook Ward 

Dore McKenzie 

Douglas Ward 

Dover Wells 

Doyon Ramsey 

Drady Ward 

Drake McHenry 

Drayton Pembina 

Dresden Cavalier 

DriscoU Bvrleigh 

Dunn - Dunn 

Dunseitb Rolette 

Durbin Cass 

Dwight f Richland 

Easby Cavalier^ 

East Edge Barnes' 

Eckelson Barnes 

Ex:kman Bottineau 

Edgar Dunn 

Edgeley : . LaMoure 

Edinburg : Walsh 

Edmore Ramsey 

Edmunds Stutsman 

Edton Hettinger 

Egeland Towner 

Elbowoods McLean 

Eldridge Stutsman 

Elidah McKenzie 

Elkwood Cavalier 

Ella Williams 

Ellendale (c h.) Dickey 

Elliott Ransom 

Ellison Towner 

Ellsberry Towner 

Elm Morton 

Elm Grove Dunn 

Elsworth McKenzie 

Embden Cass 

Emerado Grand Forks 

Emmerson Dunn 

Emmet McLean 

Emmonsburg Emmons 

Emrick Wells 

Enderlin Ransom 

Endres McLean 

Englevale Ransom 

Epping Williams 

ii<pworth Mountrail 

Erie Cass 

Esmond Benson 

Estcs McKenzie 

Esther Morton 

Evans Oliver 

Evanston Ramsey 

Expansion Mercer 



Town County 

Fairdale Walsh 

Fairmount Richland 

Fallon Morton 

Pargo (c. h.) Casa 

Farland McKenzie 

Farmington Richland 

Fayette Dunn 

Fergus Grand Forks 

Fero Pierce 

Fertile Williams 

Fessenden (c h.) Wells 

Fillmore Benson 

Finch Morton 

Fingal Barnes 

Finley Steele 

Flasher Morton 

Flaxton Ward 

Fleak Morton 

Flora Benson 

Floyd LaMoure 

Fonda RoleUe 

Forbes Dickey 

Forest River Walsh 

Forman (c. h.) Sargent 

Fort Ransom Ransom 

Fort Totten Benson 

Fort Yates Morton 

Foxholm Ward 

Foxlake Ramsey 

Frances Burleigh 

Frederickson Williams 

Fredonia Logan 

Frettim Kidder 

Fried Stutsman 

Fullerton Dickey 

Gackle Logan 

Gaines Oliver 

Galchutt Richland 

Galesburg Traill 

Gambetta Williams 

Gardar Pembina 

Gardena Bottineau 

Gardner Cass 

Garske Ramsey 

Garrison McLean 

Gascoyne Bowman 

Gaylord Stark 

Gayton Emmons 

Gem Stutsman 

Geneseo Sargent 

Gerber Stutsman 

Gilby Grand Forks 

Gilstrap ; Adams 

Girard Pierce 

Gladstone Stark 

Gladys Williams 

Glasston Pembina 

Glencoe Emmons 

Glenbum Ward 

Glen Ullin Morton 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



319 



Post Offices in North Dakota — Continued. 



Town County 

Glover Dickey 

Golden Valley Mercer 

Goodall McKenzie 

Goodrich Sheridan 

Gorham Billings 

Graber Hettinger 

Grafton (c. h.) Walsh 

Graham's Island Benson 

Grand Forks (c. h.) Grand F'ks 

Grano Ward 

Grand Harbor Ramsey 

Grandin Cass 

Grand Rapids LaMoure 

Grano ^ Ward 

Granville McHenry 

Gr?" Stutsman 

Great Bend Richland 

Greatstone McLean 

Grelland Ward 

Griffin Bowman 

Grinnell Williams 

Griswold LaMoure 

Gronna Rolette 

Grove Burleigh 

Guelph Dickey 

Gwinner Sargent 

Gwinther Morton 

Hague Emmons 

Haley Bowman 

Halliday Dunn 

Hallson Pembina 

Hamar Eddy 

Hamilton Pembina 

Hampden Ramsey 

Hankinson Richland 

Hanly Billings 

Hannaford Griggs 

Hannah Cavalier 

Hannover Oliver 

Hansboro Towner 

Harlem Sargent 

Harmon Morton 

Harrisburg Nelson 

Hartford Emmons 

Hartland Ward 

Harvey Wells 

Harwood Cass 

Hastings Barnes 

Hatton Traill 

Hatton Billings 

Havana Sargent 

Haynes Adams 

Hazen Mercer 

Hazelton Emmons 

Heart Morton 

Heaton Wells 

Hecker Ward 

Hebron Morton 

Hefferman Kidder 

Helena Griggs 

Hellwig Mcintosh 



Town County 

Hendley Adams 

Hensel Pembina 

Hensler Oliver 

Herr Sheridan 

Hesnault Ward 

Hesper Benson 

Hettinger (c. h.) Adams 

Hickson Cass 

Hiddenwood McLean 

Hinger Kidder 

Hillsboro (c. h.) Traill 

Hobson Morton 

Hofflund Williams 

Holmes Grand Forks 

Holton Billings 

Homen Cavalier 

Homestead Richland 

Honeyford Grand Forks 

Hoosier Hettinger 

Hoople Walsh 

Hope Steele 

Horace Cass 

Horswill Hettinger 

Howard Williams 

Howe Morton 

Howser Hettinger 

Hub Mercer 

Hull Emmons 

Hult Oliver 

Hunter Cass 

Hurd Bottineau 

Hurdsfield Welis 

Inkster Grand Forks 

lone LaMoure 

Ives Bowman 

Jackson Ramsey 

Jamestown (c. h.) ....Stutsman 

Tanesburg Morton 

Tarves Rolette 

Jerome Ward 

Jessie Griggs 

Johnstown Grand Forka 

joliette Pembina 

Josephine Benson 

Jud LaMoure 

Judson Morton 

Juno Rolette 

Kasmer Mercer 

Kathryn Barnes 

Kellogg Walsh 

Kellys Grand Forks 

Kelso Traill 

Kelvin Rolette 

Kempton Grand Forks 

Kenaston Ward 

Kenmare Ward 

Kennedy Hettinger 

Kensal Stutsman 

Kermit Williams 

Kief McHenry 



320 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Post Offices in North Dakota — Continued. 



Town v^ounty 

Kindred Cas^ 

Kincr Wells 

King Logan 

Kingsley McKenzie 

Kintyre Emmons 

Kloten Nelson 

Knif edriver Dunn 

Knox Benson 

Kramer Bottineau 

Krem Mercer 

Kulm LaMoure 

Lakeview Burleigh 

Lakota (c. h. ) Nelson 

Lamoine Kidder 

LaMoure (c. h.) LaMoure 

Landa Bottineau 

Langdon (c. b.) Cavalier 

Langedahl Kidder 

Lankin Walsh 

Lanona Barnes 

Lansf ord Bottineau 

Larimore Grand Forks 

Lark Morton 

Larrabee Foster 

Larvik Emmons 

Larson Ward 

Laureat Rolette 

Lawton Ramsey 

Leal Barnes 

Lehr Mcintosh 

Leeds Benson 

Leigh Adams 

Lein Burleigh 

Lehigh Stark 

Leipzig Morton 

Leonard Cass 

Lcroy Pembina 

Leyden Pembina 

Liberty Hettinger 

Lidgerwood Richland 

Lignite Ward 

Lincoln Sheridan 

Linstad Walsh 

Linton (c. h.) Emmons 

Lisbon (c. h.) Ransom 

Litchville Barnes 

Loma Cavalier 

Livona Emmons 

Lloyd Adams 

Lonetree Ward 

Lordsburg Bottineau 

Ixjring Dunn 

Loraine Ward 

Lostwood Mountrail 

Lowell Mcintosh 

Lucca Barnes 

Ludden ^ . Dickey 

Lynch Ward 

Lynchburg Cass 

Mc Arthur Pembina 



Town County 

McCanna Grand Forks 

McClusky McLean 

McCullough Williams 

McGregor Williams 

McHenrjr Foster 

McKenzie Burleigh 

McKinncy Ward 

McLeod Ransom 

McVilla Nelson 

Macroom Ward 

Maddock Benson 

Maida Cavalier 

Malcolm McLean 

Mandan (c. h.) Morton 

Manfred Wells 

Manger Williams 

Manitou Moimtrail 

Mannhaven Mercer 

Manning (c. h.) Dimn 

Mantador Richland 

Manvel Grand Forks 

Mapes Nelson 

Mapleton Cass 

Marie ^ Emmons 

Marion LaMoure 

Marmarth Billings 

Marmon Williams 

Marstonmoor Stutsman 

Marshall Dunn 

Martin Sheridan 

Mary McKenzie 

Matteson Barnes 

Mayville Traill 

Max McLean 

Maxbass Bottineau 

Maxwell McLean 

Maza Towner 

Medberry LaMoure 

Medford Walsh 

Medina Stutsman 

Medora (c. h.) Billings 

Mekinock Grand Forks 

Melby Dunn 

MeWille Foster 

Mercer McLean 

Menoken Burleigh 

Merricourt Dickey 

Merrifield Grand Forks 

Metigoshe Bottineau 

Michigan Nelson 

Midway Billings 

Mikkclson Billing^s 

Mill Pierce 

Milnor Sargent 

Milton Cavalier 

Miner Ward 

Minnewaukan (c. h.) ....Benson 

Minot (c. h.) Ward 

Minto Walsh 

Moffit Burleigh 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



321 



Postoffices In North Dakota. — Continued. 



Town County 

Mohall Ward 

Mona Cavalier 

Monango Dickey 

Montpelier Stutsman 

Montrose Williams 

Moraine Grand Forks 

Mooreton Richland 

Mose Griggs 

Mott (c. h.) Hettinger 

Mountain Pembina 

Mound Billings 

Mount Carmel Cavalier 

Moyersville Kidder 

Mugford Pembina 

Mugford Pembina 

Munich Cavalier 

Murray Richland 

Mylo Rolette 

Nameless McKenzie 

Nanson Rolette 

Napoleon (c. h.) Logan 

Nash Walsh 

Naughton Burleigh 

Neche Pembina 

Newburg Bottineau 

Nekoma Cavalier 

Nelson Kiddei 

Nesson Williams 

New England Hettinger 

Newhome Stutsman 

New Hradec Dunn 

Newport Ward 

New Rockford (c. h.) ....Eddy 

New Salem Morton 

Newville , . Towner 

Niagara Grand Forks 

Nicholson Sargent 

Niobe Wafd 

Nisbet Oliver 

Noel Morton 

Nome Barnes 

Noonon Williams 

Norge Williams 

Norma v Ward 

North Chautauqua .... Ramsey 

Northwood Grand Forks 

Norton Walsh 

Norwich McHenry 

Nowesta Pembina 

Numedahl Cavalier 

Oakdale Dunn 

Oakes Dickey 

Oakland McHenry 

Oakwood Walsh 

Oberon Benson 

Odense Morton 

Otata Grand Fork? 

Olga Cavalier 

Olive Ward 

Olmstead Towner 



Town County 

Omemee Bottineau 

Omio Emmons 

Ong Burleigh 

Oriska Barnes 

Orange Adams 

Orr Grand Forks 

Osgood Cass 

Osnabrock Cavalier 

Otter Creek Oliver 

Overly Bottineau 

Paddington Williams 

Page Cass 

Painted Woods Burleigh 

Palermo • Mountrail 

Paoli Bowman 

Paradise Morton 

Park McLean 

Parkin Morton 

Park River Walsh 

Pearce Morton 

Peerless Mountrail 

Pekin Nelson 

Pelican Burleigh 

Pembina (c. h.) Pembina 

Penn Ramsey 

Perry Sargent 

Perth Towner 

Petersburg Nelson 

Petrel ^ Bowman 

Phoenix Burleigh 

Pickert Steele 

Picton Towner 

Pierson Adams 

Pilot Grand Forks 

Pine Billings 

Pingfree Stutsman 

Pinto Oliver 

Pisek Walsh 

Pitts Ward 

Pittsburg Pembina. 

Plaza Mountrail 

Pleasant Ward 

Pleasant Lake Benson 

Plumer Williams 

Poland Walsh 

Portal Ward 

Polege Williams 

Portland Traill 

Power Richland 

Powers Lake Ward 

Prairie Stutsman 

Prattford Pembina 

Pretty Rock Morton 

Pursian Kidder 

Purcell Billings 

Rainy I5utte Billings 

Ransom Sargent 

Ray Williams 

Reeder Adams 

Rennie Ward 



- 21 - 



322 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Pottofficet In North Dakota. — Continued. 



Town County 

Reynolds Grand Forks 

Rhame Bowman 

Richardton Stark 

Riga McHenry 

Rocklake Towner 

Rockspring Dunn 

Roger Barnes 

Rolla (c. h.) Rolette 

Rolette Rolette 

Rolson . . > Williams 

Roney McLean 

Ronda Mercer 

Rosebud Morton 

Roseglen McLean 

Rosehill Cavalier 

Ross Mountrail 

Roth Bottineau 

Rothville McKenzie 

Round Lake Kidder 

Rude Williams 

Rudser Williams 

Rugby (c. h.) Pierce 

Ruso McLean 

Russell Bottineau 

Rutland Sargent 

Ryder Ward 

Saint Anthony Morton 

Saint Joseph Morton 

St. John Rolette 

St. Thomas Pembina 

Saint Vincent Morton 

Sanborn Bamea 

Sandcreek Billings 

Sanders Morton 

Sandlie Williams 

Sanford McKenzie 

Sanger Oliver 

Sarles Cavalier 

Sarnia Walsh 

Sather Burleigh 

Sawyer Ward 

Schafer McKenzie 

Schnebly Adams 

Scott Williams 

Scranton Bowman 

Schallern Morton 

Seaborn Stutsman 

Selma Morton 

Sentinel Butte Billings 

Seroco Oliver 

Sharlow Stutsman 

Sharon Steele 

Shawnee Grand Forks 

Sheldon Ransom 

Shell Mountrail 

Sherbrooke (c. h.) Steele 

Sherwood Ward 

Sheyenne Eddy 

Shields Morton 

Shollsmade Billinss 



Town County 

Sibleybutte Burleigh 

Silo Oliver 

Silverleaf Dickey 

Sims Morton 

Skogomo Sheridan 

Smishek Ward 

Skermo Williams 

Sofia Mercer 

Snow Billing^ 

Sorkness Mountrail 

Souris Bottineau 

South Heart Stark 

Spearinville McKenzie 

Sperry Richland 

Spiritwood Stutsman 

Spring Brook Williams 

Spring Valley Stutsman 

Squires Williams 

Stady Williams 

Stampede Ward 

Stanley Mountrail 

Stanton (c h.) Mercer 

Star McHenry 

Stark Burleigh 

Starkweather Ramsey 

Stebbins Morton 

Steele (c h.) Kidder 

Stella Williams 

Sterling Burleigh 

Stevenson Morton 

Stewartsdale Burleigh 

Stillwater Bowman 

Stilwell Cavalier 

Stirum Sargent 

Stoeltington Mercer 

Stone Morton 

Stordahl Wililams 

Stowers Adams 

Strain Morton 

Strasburg Emmons 

Straubville Sargent 

Strceter Stutsman 

Stroud McKenzie 

Surrey Ward 

Svold Pembina 

Swartwood Bowman 

Sweetbriar Morton 

Sykeston Wells 

Taft Billings 

Tagus Ward 

Tappen Kidder 

Tarsus Bottineau 

Tasker Ward 

Taylor Stark 

Temple Williams 

Thiers Williams 

Thompson Grand Forks 

Thorne Rolette 

Thorson Ward 

TiflFany Eddy 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



323 



Post Offices in North Dalcota — Continae^. 



Town County 

Tioga Williams 

Tobacco Garden McKenzie 

Tokio Benson 

Tolley Ward 

Tolna Nelson 

Tower City Cass 

Towner (c. h.) McHenry 

Trenton Williams 

Trotters Billings 

Truax Williams 

Truro Bottineau 

Trygg Burleigh 

Tunbridge *. . Pierce 

Turtle Lake McLean 

Tyler Richland 

Tyner Pembina 

Underwood McLean 

Union Cavalier 

University Grand Forks 

Upham McHenry 

Urbana Barnes 

Valley City (c h.) Barnes 

Vandalia Williams 

Vang Cavalier 

Vanville Ward 

V^elva McHenry 

Venturia Mcintosh 

Verona LaMoure 

Veseleyville Walsh 

Victor Bowman 

Villard McHenry 

Voltaire McHenrv 

Voss Walsh 

"Wade Morton 

Wahpeton (c. h.) Richland 

Walcott Richland 

"Wales Cavalier 

Walhalla Pembina 

Wallace Kidder 

Walshville Walsh 

"Walum Griggs 

Warren Cass 

"Warsaw Walsh 



Town County 

Warwick ^ . . . Benson 

Washburn (c. h.) McLean 

Weaver Cavalier 

Webster Ramsey 

Weightman Adams 

Weible Traill 

Wells Oliver 

Westhope Bottineau 

Westfield Emmons 

Wheatland Cass 

Wheelock Williams 

White Earth Mountrail 

Willa Hettinger 

Wilbur McKenzie 

Williams Billings 

Wild Rice Cass 

Williston (c. h.) Williams 

Willow City Bottineau 

Wilson Kidder 

Wilton McLean 

Wimbledon Barnes 

Winchester Emmons 

Windsor Stutsman 

Winona Emmons 

Wiprud McLean 

Wirch Dickev 

Wishek Mcintosh 

Wogansport Burleigh 

Wolf Butte Adams 

Wolford Pierce 

Woodhull Richland 

Woods Cass 

Wyndmere Richland 

York Benson 

Youngtown Morton 

Ypsilanti Stutsman 

Yucca Oliver 

Yule Billings 

Zahl Williams 

Zealand Mcintosh 

Zenith Stark 

Zion Towner 



324 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



PRESIDENTIAL POST OFFICES. 



Ctiy 



Class 



Salary 



Ambrose .... 
Anamoose . . 

Aneta 

Ashley 

Balfotir .... 

Beach. .... . 

Bcrthold . . . 

Bisbee 

Bismarck . . 
Bottineau . . 
Bowbells .... 
Bowman .... 
Cando . . • . . 
Carrington . . 
Casselton . . . 
Cavalier .... 
Chtirchs Ferry 
Cogswell . . . 
Columbus . . 
Cooperstown . 
Courtenay . . 
Crosby — . 
Devils Lake 
Dickinson . . 
Don ny brook . 
Drayton .... 
Edgeley .... 
Edmore .... 
Allendale . . . 
Enderlin .... 
Esmond .... 
Fairmount . 
Fargo .... 
Fessendcn . 
Finley .... 
Flaxton .... 
Garrison . . . 
Glenburn . . 
Glen Ullin 
Grafton ... 
Grand Forks 
Granville . . 
Hankinson . 
Hannah ... 
Harvey .... 
Hatton . . . 
Hettinger . . 
Hillsboro . . 
Hope .... 
Hunter .... 
Jamestown . 
Kenmare . . 
Kensal .... 
Kulm 
Lakota 
LaMoure 
Langdon 
Lansford 
Larimore 
T " 



..F 



G F 



G F 



• • • • 



3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

2 

3 

3 

3 

3 

2 

2 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

2 

2 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

1 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

2 

1 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

2 

2 

3 

3 

S 

3 

8 

3 

3 

8 



City 



Class ! Salary 



$1,300 
1,400 
1,400 
1,200 
1,400 
1,500 
1,100 
1,200 
2,800 
1,900 
1,500 
1,600 
1,800 
2,000 
2,900 
1,400 
1,100 
1,400 
1,000 
1,700 
1,400 
1,200 
2,500 
2,400 
1,200 
1,200 
1,400 
1,100 
1,700 
1,600 
1,200 
1,300 
3,300 
1,700 
1,100 
1,100 
1,400 
1,100 
1,400 
2,000 
3,200 
1,400 
1,500 
1,100 
1,900 
1,400 
1,700 
1,700 
1,600 
1,000 
2,500 
2,000 
1,100 
1,100 
1,700 
1,700 
1,800 
1,200 
1,700 
1,600 



Lidgerwood .. 
Linton .... 

Lisbon 

Litchville . . 
McCIudcy . — 
McHenry . . 
Maddock .... 

Mandan F 

Mayville .... 

Medina 

Michigan . . 

Milnor 

Milton 

Minnewaukon . 

Minot 

Minto 

Mohall 

Mott 

Ncchc 

New Rockford 
New Salem . . 
Northwood . . 

Oakes 

Page 

Park River . . 
Pembina ... . 

Portal 

Portland .... 
x\cijr ••••■• •• 

Reeder 

Richardton . . 

Rolette 

Rolla 

Rugby 

Ryder 

Saint Thomas 
Sheldon .... 
Sherwood . . . 
Sheyenne . . 

Souris 

Stanley 

Starkweather . 

OlCCIc • • • • • • 

Tower City . . 

Towner 

Underwood . . 
Valley City ...F 

Velva 

Wahpeton . . . 
Walhalla .. .. 
Washburn . . 
Westhope . . . 
White Earth . 
Williston .... 
Willow City .. 

Wilton 

Wimbledon . . 
X oric • • • • • • • 



I 



3 
3 
2 
3 
3 
3 
3 
2 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
2 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
2 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
2 
3 
2 
3 
3 
3 
3 
2 
3 
3 
3 
3 



1 
1 
2 
1 
1 
1 
1 
2 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
3 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
2 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
2 
1 
2 
1 
1 
1 
1 
2 
1 
1 
1 
1 



,600 
,400 
,200 
,100 
,100 
,300 
,300 
,300 
,700 
,100 
,200 
,300 
,200 
,400 
,000 
,000 
,500 
,000 
,100 
,600 
,400 
,500 
,000 
,200 
,600 
,200 
,200 
,300 
,500 
,100 
,200 
,100 
,400 
,900 
,100 
,100 
,400 
,300 
,200 
,300 
,300 
,000 
,300 
,100 
,700 
,200 
.600 
,600 
,200 
,300 
,700 
,500 
,200 
,300 
,200 
,400 
,500 
,100 



lent buildings. 



STATE Ol' NORTH DAKOIA 



NEWSPAPERS IN NORTH DAKOTA- 



Hod^ht 

State Une Herald. . 



. J. F. P. Groase 



Western ClU . 



Dailjr Patriot . 

Evening Timea-l 
EnterpHse . . . . 



'.■RefS?'...'.'.'.'.'.'i 
BARNES. 



..Sanbacn .. 
. . Wimbledon 

..Fingal ... 

..Lltchville . 
. . Kathryn . . 



North Dakota Siftiost . Minnewaulan . 



. .H. P. Allist 



_. _. Delameter 

..York J. F. Dolin 

..Leeda J. S. Dean 

..Maddock Standard FublishinB Co. 

..Warwick F. X. ttitach 

. . GrinsRiide John Lindelien 

BILLINGS. 



. . Medor: 



. L. Nell 



..Geo. L, Nelson 



ineau Co. New* . 



Joamal Lansford 



324 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



PRESIDENTIAL POST OFFICES. 



Ctiy 



Qass 



Salary 



City 



Class 



Salary 



Ambrose 

Anamoose 

j\nd2i •••• •••• 

Ashley 

Balfour 

x5eacii •••• •••• 

Berthold 

Bisbee 

Bismarck .. ..F 

Bottineau 

Bowbells 

Bowman 

Cando •• 

Carrington . . . . 

Casselton 

Cavalier 

Churchs Ferry . . 

Cogswell 

Columbus 

Cooperstown . . . 

Courtenay 

Crosby 

Devils Lake . . F 

Dickinson 

Donnybrook . . . 

Drayton 

Edgeley 

Edmore 

flllendale 

Enderlin 

Esmond .... • . 
F3irmount . . 
Fargo .... G F 
Fessenden . . 

Finley 

Flaxton 

Garrison 

Glenburn 

Glen Ullin 

Grafton 

Grand Forks G F 

Granville 

Hankinson . . . . 

Hannah 

Harvey 

Hatton 

Hettinger 

Hillsboro 

Hope 

Hunter 

Jamestown ... F 
Kenmare . . ... 

Kensal 

Kulm 

Lakota 

LaMoure 

Langdon 

Lansford 

Larimore 

Leeds . . . 



• • • • • 



3 
3 
8 
3 
8 
3 
3 
8 
2 
8 
8 
8 
3 
2 
2 
3 
8 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
2 
2 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
1 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
2 
1 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
8 
3 
2 
2 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 



$1,300 


1,400 


1,400 


1,200 


1,400 


1,600 


1,100 


1,200 


2,800 


1,900 


1,500 


1,600 


1,800 


2,000 


2,900 


1,400 


1,100 


1,400 


1,000 


1,700 


1,400 


1,200 


2,500 


2,400 


1,200 


1,200 


1,400 


1,100 


1,700 


1,600 


1,200 


1,300 


3,300 


1,700 


1,100 


1,100 


1,400 


1,100 


1,400 


2,000 


3,200 


1,400 


1,500 


1,100 • 


1,900 


1,400 


1,700 


1,700 


1,600 


1,000 


2,500 


2,000 


1,100 


1,100 


1,700 


1,700 


1,800 


1,200 


1,700 


1,600 



Lidgerwood . . 

Linton 

Lisbon .... 
Litchville . . 
McClusky . . . . 
McHenry . . 
Maddock .... 
Mandan . . . . 
Mayville .... 
Medina .... 
Michigan . . 

Milnor 

Milton 

Minnewaukon . 

Minot 

Minto 

Mohall 

Mott 

Neche 

New Rockford 
New Salem . 
Northwood . . 

Oakes 

Page 

Park River . 
Pembina . . . 

Portal 

Portland .... 

XVajr •••••• • 

Reeder 

Richardton . . 
Rolette .... 

Rolla 

Rugby 

Ryder 

Saint Thomas 
Sheldon .... 
Sherwood . . . 
Sheyenne . . 

Souris 

Stanley . . . . 
Starkweather . 

Steele 

Tower City . 
Towner .... 
Underwood . . 
Valley City . 

Velva 

Wahpeton . . 
Walhalla .. . 
Washburn . . 
Westhope . . 
White Earth 
Williston .... 
Willow City .. 
Wilton .... 
Wimbledon . . 
York 











3 






8 






2 






8 






3 






3 






3 




F 


2 






8 






3 






3 






8 






3 






8 




F 


2 






3 






3 






3 






8 






8 






3 






8 






2 






8 






3 






3 






3 






3 






3 






3 






3 






3 






8 






8 






8 






3 






3 






3 






3 






3 






3 






3 






3 






3 






3 






3 




F 


2 




• 


8 






2 






8 




» • ^ 


8 






8 






3 


^ 




2 






8 


^ 




8 






8 






8 






1 





,600 
,400 
,200 
,100 
,100 
,300 
,300 
,300 
,700 
,100 
,200 
,300 
,200 
,400 
,000 
,000 
,500 
,000 
,100 
,600 
,400 
,500 
,000 
,200 
,600 
,200 
,200 
,300 
,500 
,100 
,200 
,100 
,400 
,900 
,100 
,100 
,400 
,300 
,200 
,300 
,300 
,000 
,300 
,100 
,700 
,200 
,600 
,600 
,200 
,300 
,700 
,500 
,200 
,300 
,200 
,400 
,500 
,100 



F. City delivery. 

G. In government buildings. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 325 



NEWSPAPERS IN NORTH DAKOTA. 

ADAMS. 

HcadUght Hettinger D. C. DeVany 

Record Hettinger G. L. Kurd 

State Line Herald Lemmon J. F. P. Grosse 

Gazette Haynes N. N. Herman 

Register Haynes M. Mack 

Tribune Bucyrus Wm. A. Stager 

Western Call Rceder Fuller Printing Co. 

Times Reeder R. A. Lucas 

BARNES. 

Daily Patriot Valley City G. B. Vallandigham 

Evening Times-Record . Valley City Times Record Pub. Co. 

Enterprise Sanborn Wm. McKean & Son 

News Wimbledon Geo. Farries 

Herald Fingal Albert O. Wold 

Bulletin Litchville J. O. Nelson 

Recorder Kathryn Recorder Printing Co. 

Herald Dazey W. R. Moffat 

Tribune Nome C. E. Greenwood 

Post Oriska L. M. Kuhry 

Times Hastings Fred E. Osborne 

BENSON. 

North Dakota Siftings . Minnewaukan Wm. Miller 

Bee Esmond H. P. Allison 

Advocate Knox H. E. Delameter 

York Ledger York J. F. Dolin 

News Leeds J. S. Dean 

Standard Maddock Standard Publishing Co. 

Sentinel Warwick F. X. Rirsch 

Star Brinsmade John Lindelien 

BILLINGS. 

Republican Sentinel Butte W. A. Shear 

Billings Co. Herald ...Medora Geo. L. Nelson 

Golden Valley Chronicle Beach Brinton Bros. 

Advance , Beach Chas. I. Cook 

Mail Marmarth Geo. L. Nelson 

Times Belfield J. R. Brinton 

BOTTINEAU. 

Courant Bottineau D. R. Carlson 

Bottineau Co. News . . . Bottineau F. C. Falkenstein 

Eagle Willow City T. C. Michael 

Herald Omemee Matt Johnson 

Messenger Souris The Souris Publishing Co. 

Standard Westhope Standard Printing Co. 

American Antler T. J. Hocking 

Tribune Overly Tribune Printing Co. 

Record Kramer Bert Klebe 

Sentinel Russell Wm. Hoffstead 

Sun Newburg W. A. Myers 

Monitor Maxbass W. A. Myers 

Times Lansford A. J. Evans 

Journal Lansford Journal Printing Co. 



326 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Newspapers In North Dakota. — Continued. 

BOWMAN. 

Pioneer Bowman Lowden & Workman 

News Bowman McCann & Billyard 

Register Scranton G. D. Skinner 

Review Rhame H. N. Lynn 

Herald Haley F. G. King 

BURLEIGH. 

Tribune Bismarck M. H. Jewell 

Settler Bismarck Settler Pub. Co. 

Palladium Bismarck H. P. Knappen 

News Driscoll E. A. Hull 

Messenger Moffit Wm. H. McMaster 

Star Sterling H. S. Wood 

CASS. 

Express Buffalo W. B. Knight 

Herald Hunter Ed. Mitchell 

Tribune Kindred C. F. Schoner 

Eagle Wheatland Chas. C. Atwater 

Forum Fargo H. C. Plumley 

Reporter Casselton Potter & Potter 

Topics Tower City E. H. Roberts 

Record Fargo Mrs. R. M. Pollock 

White Ribbon Page W. L. Brown 

Fram Fargo A. Trovatten 

Blue and Gold Fargo Fargo College 

Spectrum Fargo Agricultural College 

Extension Fargo Agricultural College 

High School Cynosure. . Fargo Homer Dixon 

North Dakota Sheaf . . Fargo Hugh L. Burleson 

The Searchlight Fargo .......A. T. Cole 

News Fargo News Publishing Co. 

CAVALIER. 

Globe Milton O. T. Rishoff 

Cavalier Co. Republican Langdon A. E. Lindstrom 

Moon Hannah S. J. A. Boyd 

Courier-Democrat Langdon A. I. Koehnstedt 

Independent Osnabrock Fred A. Bailey 

Herald-Leader Munich S. T. Scott 

Advocate Sarles Geo. W. Drowlcy 

News Nekoma A. A. Myrand 

Times Calvin H. Stevens 

DICKEY. 

Valley News Merricourt '. L. E. Slauson 

Times Oakes A. R. Wright 

Journal Oakes J. M. Kellogg 

Leader Ellendale F. S. Goddard 

Record Ellendale A. M. Beveridgc 

Republican Forbes J. H. Nagel 

Fullerton Fanner Fullerton J. S. Anderson 

Journal Monango J. S. Jensen 

DUNN. 

News Manning E. K. Jenkins 

Settler Connally H. R. Young 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 327 

Newspapers In North Dakota. — Continued. 

EDDY. 

Transcript New Rockford G. C. Olscn 

Star Sheyenne C. C. Manning 

Provost New Rockford P. M. Mattson 

EMMONS. 

Emmons G>. Republican Hazelton L.. B. Hoagland 

Emmons O). Record . . Linton D. R. Streeter 

Advocate Linton C. A. Patterson 

News Braddock Willis H. Shepard 

FOSTER. 

Independent Carrington E. D. Lum 

Tribune McHenry J. B. Howard 

Record Carrington S. A. Lewis 

Free Press McHenry J. F. Faytle 

Enterprise Barlow A. S. McMillen 

GRAND FORKS. 

Herald (morning) .... Grand Forks Geo. B. Winship 

Evening Times Grand Forks Times Pub. Co. 

Normanden . . ; Grand Forks P. O. Thorson 

Pioneer Larimore Pioneer Printing Co. 

Gleaner Northwood D. L. Campbell 

Enterprise Inkster Enterprise Pub. Co. 

Enterprise Reynolds K. B. Williams 

Student Grand Forks University 

Dakota Grand Forks University (Junior class) 

GRIGGS. 

Courier Cooperstown P. R. Trubshaw 

Sentinel Cooperstown H. S. Rearick 

Times Biniord O. S. Gunderson 

Enterprise Hannaford Anderson & Epler 

HETTINGER. 

Pioneer Press Mott Wellington Irysh 

Hettinger Co. Herald . . New England M. L. Aycrs 

KIDDER. 

Ozone Steele H. S. Wood 

Kidder Co. Herald . . . Steele E. Smith 

Leader Dawson D. M. Fair 

LAMOURE. 

Chronicle LaMoure Warren & Taylor 

Echo LaMoure Baker & Massey 

Mail Edgeley Hancock Bros. 

Messenger Kulm Malin & Parker 

Reporter Dickey John Bertleson 

Sentinel , Marion Sentinel Pub. Co. 

Advance Verona W. G. Billyard 

Leader Jud A. L. Raveley 



328 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Newspapers In North Dakota, — Continued. 

LOGAN. 

Homestead Napoleon O. F. Bryant 

Republican Cackle R. H. Timm 

M'HENRY. 

Tribune Towner Bagley & Miller 

McHenry Co. Journal . . Velva Stafford & Son 

News and Stockman . . Towner .1, L. Killion 

Record Granville E. T. Pierson 

Progress Anamoose W. Tinker 

Statesman Balfour E. E. Cowell 

Telegram Drake E. E. Powell 

Promoter Denbigh ...: J. A. Pendroy 

News Drake Connolly Sisters 

Herald Granville C. R. Kendall 

Enterprise Deering W. L. Jackman 

Star Upham L. W. Pierson 

Advocate bantry Oscar R. Fisher 

Tribune Towner H. Bagley 

Messenger Balfour J. W. R. H. De La 

M'INTOSH. 

Republican Ashley M. R. Boehmer 

News Wishek , .' . . . A. P. Guy 

Tribune Ashley E. T. Clyde 

Wishek Nachrichten . . . Wishek A. P. Guy 

Der Deutsche Repub- 
jikaner Ashley Geo. M. Zichert 

M'KENZIE. 

Schafer Record Schafer W. S. Graham 

Chronicle Alexander S. B. Sessions 

Journal Charlson O. E. Roning 

Loco Weed Schafer H. W. Franklin 

M'LEAN. 

Leader Washburn John Satterlund 

News Wilton E. A. Hull 

Miner Underwood E. A. Hull 

Wave Turtle Lake E» J. Jones 

Enterprise Max F. E. Whitney 

Independent Garrison L F. Surber 

Times Garrison John Satterlund 

Observer Dogden E. E. Cowell 

Record Ruso W. H. Francis 

Telegram Mercer Nels Olson 

News Dogden E. H. Tunnell 

Banner Benedict O. H. Lomen 

MERCER. 

Republican Stanton C. F. Schweigert 

MORTON. 

Pioneer Mandan Pioneer Pub. Co. 

K ews Mandan Everett J. Conrad 

Die Wacht am Misouri Hebron .... Die Wacht am Missouri Pub. Co. 
News Glen Ullin Wallace R. Hall 



STATE OF NOKTH DAKOTA 



Newspapers In North Dakota.- 

MO R TO N— Conti n ued. 


-Cod dn ued. 








DeutBchcr ^neer .... 




....Bernhard OpMnheim 


Tribune 


.Hebron 


::::::'!!- J- -ksS, 










MOUNTRAIL, 






:;pfair ..;:::::;:;:; 
















■;BeMw !!!!!!!! 








Promoter 




NELSON. 


Loi 


































OLIVER. 

..Center 

PEMBINA. 
'.'.St. Thomas "!!!!!!!. 








Pioneer Express 

Pink Paper"!!!!.';."'; 

Echo 

Cavalier Chronicle ... 
ChronotTpe 


Ward well & Thompson 
Grant S. Haeer 


..Drayton 


C. L. Fairehild 

J. K. Fairehild 

.Albert E. Cole 








Independent 


PIERCE. 

::w.'Bra •,■.•.•.•.■.■.•.■.•;;, 


H. P. Wood 


Optimist 

Der Slaats Aniiegei 


.':.'.';. ."w"j. Anderson 


■Sun 


RAMSEY. 

.■:as?"Ljf,"'..::::, 


G. C. Chambers 














Guardian 


..Hampden 


.■;.;;;;;;.fe.^ 


K'. ::::::;::::::: 


..Lawton 

. . Starkweather 

..Brockelt 




-it*e 


J, E. Curry 



330 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Newspapers In North Dakota. — Continued. 

RANSOM. 

Gazette Lisbon C. £. Backlund 

Progress Sheldon M. E. Mitchell 

Free Press Lisbon C. E. Boyden & C. L. Allen 

Independent ,.Enderlin T. L. Longley 

Heaalight Enderlin 

RICHLAND. 

Globe-Gazette L.Wahpeton R. J. Hughes 

Times Wahpeton E. S. Cameron 

News Fairmount B. W. Clabaugh 

News Hankinson W. C. Forman , Jr. 

Reporter Walcott R. N. Lee 

Broadaxe Lidgerwood John Andrews 

Monitor Lidgerwood Monitor Co. 

Pioneer Wyndmere C. G. Klenzing 

Enterprise Wyndmere A. B. Johnson 

Herald Abercrombie H. A. Olson 

ROLETTE. 

Turtle Mountain Star . Rolla W. J. Hoskins 

Herald Rolla W. D. Packard 

Magnet Dunseith C. E. Goodsell 

Examiner Rolette A.' L. Nelson 

Record Thome C. W. Sibley 

Tribune St. John H. M. Reynolds 

SARGENT. 

Prairie Press Gwinner E. W. Spenser 

Independent Forman Wm. Hurley, Jr. 

News Forman J. H. Maltby 

Enterprise Cogswell C. A. Jordan 

DeLamere Mistletoe . . DeLamere A. B. Layton 

Sargent County Teller Milnor Ro^ V. Fyles 

Record Havana E. J. Carlen 

Rutland Leader Rutland Mrs. J. M. Russel 

SHERIDAN. 

Gazette McClusky T. D. Monsen 

Independent McClusky C. B. Nelson 

Staats Zeitung (German) McClusky Fred Kehrer 

Voice Denhofif Ed. X. Moore 

Citizen Goodrich W. J. Burt 

Searchlight Martin 

News ...•» Lincoln O. S. Boody 

STARK. 

Press Dickinson M. L. Ayers 

^Recorder Dickinson W. A. Carter 

Der Volksfreund Richardton Rev. Bernard Arnold 

Die Deutsche Zukunst. Dickinson Botentin Kocb 

Post ; Dickinson Post Pub. Co 

News Richardton News Pub. Co. 

Times Belfield J. R. Brinton 

STEELE. 

Tribune Sherbrooke Chas. G. Boise 

Beacon .-. . Finley G. A. Monteith 

Pioneer Hope J. A. Pepper 

Reporter Sharon Albert O. Paulson 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 331 

Newspapers In North Dakota. — Continued. 

STUTSMAN. 

Alert Jamestown W. R., Kellogg. 

Capital Jamestown J. B. ' Burgster 

Gazette Courtenay Geo. Parries 

Patriot Pingree H. C. Smith 

Citizen Medina W. H. Nye 

Democrat Jamestown M. P. Morris 

Journal Kensal T. S. Tulford 

Leader Cleveland Hugh Osborne 

Herald Strceter • Thos. H. Petit 

TOWNER. 

Journal Perth H. H. Hammond 

Gazette Bisbee Gores & Egeland 

Herald Cando W. J. Sherman 

Democrat and Record . . Cando Carl Nelson 

Enterprise Egeland Melvin O. Long 

Ripples Rock Lake S. A. Treadwell 

Pioneer Hansboro C. H. Brown 

TRAILL. 

Banner Hillsboro Alvin Schmitt 

Statstidende Hillsboro C. F. Bahnsen 

Blade Hillsboro Justin W. Safford 

Fremtiden Hillsboro A. P. Trockstad 

Tribune Mayville Larin Bros. 

Goose River Fanner . . . Mayville .J. M. Stewart 

Reoublican Portland Jos. C. LaBell 

Free Press Hatton W. H. Kelley 

WALSH. 

Walsh Co. Republican . Grafton Einar Berge 

News and Times Grafton R. P. Luchan 

Gazette-News Park River F. J. Prochaska 

Journal Minto W. S. Mitchell 

Walsh County Record . Grafton Grant Hager 

Lankin Reporter Lankin H. N. Johnson 

Tribune ...Edinburg E. Erlend&on 

Republican Park River G. W. Young 

Times Fairdale R. P. Johnson 

Budget Adams * Mrs. R. B. Dougherty 

Posten Grafton A. P. Trockstad 

WARD. 

Optic Minot Frank Kauffman 

Reporter Minot Sam H. Clark 

Independent Minot Truax & Colcord 

Posten Minot Great Western Pub. Co. 

Democrat Minot Gross & Elliott 

Courier Donnybrook H. E. Johnson 

News Kenmare V. A. Corbett 

Journal Kenmare W. A. Stickley 

Advance Glenburn R. Gilbertsen 

Reporter '. Columbus George Cook 

Tribune and loumal . . Sherwood E. L. Penn 

Des Lacs Valley Ob- 
server Des Lacs C. J. Waller 

Herald Douglas C. H. Crockard 



:{32 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Newspapers In North Dakota. — Continued. 

WARD — Continued. 

Pioneer Macroom W. H. Ware 

Tribune Grano T. W. McDonaogb 

Echo Vanville F. E. Drinkwatcr 

News Mohall L. M. Rockne 

Tribune Mohall J. W. Schnitzlcr 

International Portal .J. A. Frawlcy 

News Ryder Geo. J. Smith 

Sentinel Coteau Leroy D. Rogers 

News Carpio Leigh C. Carroll 

Tribune Bcrthold W. E. Kridc 

Bulletin ....Bowbells H. L. Lyon 

Tribune Bowbells T. B. Hurley 

Times Flaxton Paul S. Ware 

Clipper Sawyer C. A. Stratton 

Mouse River Journal . . Tolley W. L. F. Makee 

Times Ryder O. H. Lomen 

Leader Larson 

WEJLLS. 

Free Press Fesscndcn C. M. Brinton 

Herald Harvey J. H. Cramer 

Guardian Bowden E. O. Nice 

Tribune Sykeston V. E. Johnson 

Banner Hurdsfield W. M. Kommerstad 

WILLIAMS. 

Graphic Williston J. A. Corbett 

Herald Williston Eugene N. Disney 

World Williston A. J. Stafne 

Skandinav Rav C. M. Hanson 

Plainsman McCullough D. B. Gibbs 

Review Gladys R. W. Sutcliffc 

Mixer Zahl B. A. Stefonowicz 

State Williston Ben G. Whitehead 

Tribune Buford W. R. Mumby, Sr. 

Pioneer Ray Alfred E. Hughes 

Tribune .WheelocK W. Maloney 

Review Crosby Paul Paulson 

Gazette Tioga H. F. Irwin 

Eagle Crosby D. B. Gibbs 

Leader Rudser Mr. Scott 

Newsman Ambrose Fred Lyons 

News Spring Brook Retzloff & Widdman 

Recorder Ray Sanford A. Graham 

Republican Noonan O. O. Christianson 

Bulletin Epping H. B. Wingerd 

News Kermit y. F. Snyder 

jt^adcr Stady G. L. Scott 

Tribune Ambrose Guy L. Stack 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 33a 



LEGAL NEWSPAPERS. 

Under the laws of North Dakota, section 2279, revised codes of 
1905, before any newspaper in this state shall be qualified to pub- 
lish any legal notice, or any matter required by law to be printed 
or published in some newspaper in the state, or any public notices for 
any county, city or other municipality within the state, such news- 
paper must have been established at least one year — at least one 
page of the same actually printed at the place designated in the date 
line — and have been in regular and continuous circulation during that 
time with a bona fide subscription list of at least 150 regular and 
continuous subscribers, and such newspaper must contain at least 
four pages of five columns to the page, said columns to be not less^ 
than eighteen inches in length and twelve ems pica in width, with 
not less than four columns of reading or news matter. It is also 
required of every publisher that two copies of each issue be mailed 
regularly to the State Historical Society, Bismarck, which are bound 
and kept on file. 



LEGAL PUBLICATION FEES. 

Section 2620 of the revised codes of North Dakota was amended 
by the legislature of 1909 to read as follows: 

Sec. 2620. In all cases where publication of legal notices 
of any kind is required or allowed by law, the petson or 
officer desiring such publication shall be required to pay 
seven cents per counted line of nonpareil type for the nrst 
insertion and four cents per line of nonpareil for each subse- 
quent insertion; or five cents per counted line of brevier 
type for the first insertion and tnree cents per line of brevier 
type for each subsequent insertion. All tabulated rule and 
figure matter shall oe computed at double the rates for 
straight matter, a line shall be construed to mean thirteen 
ems pica in length. In all cases of publication oi notices- 
required by law, the plaintiff, except in divorce cases, may 
designate the leg^l newspaper published within the county 
in which such notice shall be published. 



HOLIDAYS IN NORTH DAKOTA. 

January 1 — New Year's Day. 

February 12 — Lincoln's Birthday. 

February 22 — Washington's Birthday. 

May 30 — Memorial Day. 

July 4 — Independence Day. 

Election Day — All general election days. 

Thank^iving Day— Last Thursday in November. 

December 25 — Christmas. 

Arbor Day — Day set by governor. 

Labor Day — First ivxonday in September. 



334 STATE 01' NORTH DAKOTA 



ROSTER OF THE COMMISSIONED OFFICERS OF THE 
NORTH DAKOTA NATIONAL GUARD, JUNE 1, 1908. 

Govtrnor and Commander in Chief, inaugurated January 9, 1907, 

Hon. John Burke. 

PERSONAL STAFF. 

Colonel Geo. E. Duis, aid-de-camp, commissioned May 1, 1907, 

Grand Forks. 
Colonel Tracy R. Bangs, aid-de-camp, commissioned May 1, 1907> 

Grand Forlra. 
Colonel B. F. Brockoff, aid-de-camp, commissioned May 1, 1907, 

Grand Forks. 
Colonel John H. Bloom, aid-de-camp, commissioned May 1, 1907, 

Devils Lake. 
Colonel Joseph M. Kelly, aid-de-camp, commissioned May 1, 1907, 

Devils Lake. 
Colonel A. W. Cogswell, aid-de-camp, commissioned May 1, 1907, 

Devils Lake. 
Colonel John D. Benton, aid-de-camp, commissioned May 1, 1907, 

Fargo. 
Colonel Alex Scarlett, aid-de-camn, commissioned May 1, 1907, Minot. 
Colonel D. C. Greenleaf, aid-de-camp, commissioned May 1, 1907, 

Minot. 
Colonel W. H. Mdkee, aid-de-camp, commissioned May 1, 1907, 

Kenmarc. 
Colonel Ben. G. Whitehead, aid-de-camp, commissioned May 1, 1907, 

Williston. 
Colonel W. E. Purcell, aid-de-camp, commissioned May 1, 1907, 

Wahpeton. 
Colonel Max Wipperman, aid-de-camp, commissioned May 1, 1907, 

Hankinson. 
Colonel H. H. Perry, aid-de-camp, commissioned May 1, 1907, El- 

lendale. 
Colonel Frank White, aid-de-camp, commissioned May 1, 1907, Val- 
ley City. 
Colonel Frank Lish, aid-de-camp, commissioned May 1, 1907, Dick- 
inson. 
Colonel Fred W. McLean, aid-de-camp, commissioned May 1, 1907, 

Langdon. 
Colonel Chas. R. Lyman, aid-de-camp, commissioned May 1, 1907, 

St. John. 
Colonel Wm. McGraw, aid-de-camp, commissioned May 28, 1907, 

Grand Forks. 
Colonel A. B. Kerlin, aid-de-camp, commissioned May 28, 1907, 

Devils Lake. 
Colonel T. C. Kelly, aid-de-camp, commissioned March 21, 1908, 

Mayville. 
Colonel C. S. Whittlesey, aid-de-camp, commissioned February 20, 

1908, Farffo. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 335 



GENERAL STAFF. 

Adjutant General — Brigadier General Amasa P. Peake Bismarck 

Inspector and Judge Advocate General — Colonel S. L. Nuchols, Mandan 

Surgeon General — Colonel Chas. McLachlan New Rockf ord 

Medical Purveyor — Lieutenant Colonel S. H. Belyea Williston 

Apothecary and Storekeeper— Captain L. C. Smith Dickinson 

Chief of Supply — Colonel Frank P. Allen Lisbon 

Commissaries .ot Supply — 

Major J. S. Cole Lisbon 

Major Albert Roberts Devils Lake 

Chief of Engineers and Ordnance — Vacant. 

Assistant Engineer and Ordnance Officer — Major S. Blakey ...Minot 

FIRST REGIMENT INFANTRY. 

HEADQUARTERS « VALLEY CITY. 

Colonel Commanding — W. C. Treumann Grafton 

Lieutenant Colonel — John H. Fraine Grafton 

Surgeon — Major Thos. C. Patterson Lisbon 

Assistant Surgeons — 

Captain Wesley G. Matchan Bismarck 

First Lieutenant H. G. Fish Wheatland 

Adjutant — R. A. Thomson Fargo 

Quartermaster — Caijtain G. Angus Fraser Fargo 

Commissary — Captain Earle R. Sarles Hillsboro 

Chaplain — Captain N. E. Ellsworth Minot 

FIRST BATTALION. l^IRST INFANTRY. 

Major Commanding — ^W. R. Purdon Wahpeton 

Adjutant — First Lieutenant T. S. Henry Valley City 

Quartermaster and Commissary — Second Lieutenant R. T. 

Healey Valley City 

Company "A" — 

Captain _ Henry T. Murphy Bismarck 

First Lieutenant Thomas McCormick Bismarck 

Second Lieutenant Howard Hines Bismarck 

Company "G"— 

Captain Frank S. Henry Valley City 

First Lieutenant John E. Agnew Valley City 

Second Lieutenant David S. Ritchie Valley City 

Company "H"— 

Captain Dana M. Wright Jamestown 

First Lieutenant Jas. D. Gray Jamestown 

Second Lieutenant Roy Sappenfield Jamestown 

Company "K"— 

Captain A. J. Osborn Dickinson 

First Lieutenant A. Tollef son Dickinson 

Second Lieutenant L .R. Baird Dickinson 

SECOND BATTALION. FIRST INFANTRY. 

Major Commanding — Chas. F. Mudgett Valley City 

Adjutant — First Lieutenant D. S. Lewis Fargo 

Quartermaster and Commissary — Second Lieutenant Harold 

Sorenson Fargo 

Company "C" — 

Captain Thomas H. Tharalson Grafton 

First Lieutenant Theodore Tallackson Grafton 

Second Lieutenant J. C. Lewis Grafton 

Company "D"— 

Captain Edward S. Persons Minot 

First Lieutenant Daniel C. Mulick Minot 

Second Lieutenant Alfred R. Thompson ;.. Minot 



1 



336 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Company "E"— 

Captain A, L. Knauf Williston 

First Lieutenant B. T. Schoregge Williston 

Second Lieutenant George C. Schlenket Williston 

Company "F"-— 

Captain Jas. M. lianley , Mandan 

First Lieutenant H. R. Bitzing Mandan 

Second Lieutenant G. I. Solum Mandan 

THIRD BATTALION, FIRST INFANTRY. 

Major Commanding — Ingvald A. Berg Grand Forks 

Adjutant — Vacancy. 

Quartermaster and Comissary — Second Lieutenant Porter W. 

Eddy Jamestown 

Company "B" — 

Captain Gilbert C. Grafton Fargo 

First Lieutenant Wayne G. Eddy Fargo 

Second Lieutenant J. W. Murphy Fargo 

Company "I" — 

Captain Arthur E. McKean Wahpeton 

First Lieutenant Franklin B. McKean Wahpeton 

Second Lieutenant Thos. Thomson Wahpeton 

Company *'L" — 

Captain Barney C. Boyd Hillsboro 

First Lieutenant Ole B. Christianson Hillsboro 

Second Lieutenant A. J. Norman Hillsboro 

Company "i.l" — 

Captain James D. Stenson Devils Lake 

First Lieutenant H. J. Hinck Devils Lake 

Second Lieutenant Anthony M. Holt Devils Lake 

FIRST ARTILLERY. 

Battery "A"— 

Captain M. P. Wells Lisbon 

First Lieutenant T. E. Conklin Lisbon 

Second Lieutenant Thomas A. Curtis , Jr Lisbon 

RETIRED. 

Major General Heber M. Creel Devils Lake 

Brigadier General William H. Brown Grand Forks 

Brigadier General Melvin A. Hildreth Fargo 

Brigadier General E. C. Gearey, Jr Fargo 

Major Dorman Baldwin, Jr Jamestown 

Captain Ole Manderud Jamestown 

UNASSIGNED. 

Captain Frank Ross Calvin 

NON-COMMISSIONED STAFF. 

Regimental Sergeant Major — ^James W. Neilson Valley City 

Battalion Sergeant Major — 

Ray W. Bassett (1) 

James Prentice (2) Grafton 

Harry Hamilton (3) Grand Forks 

Regimental Commissary Sergeant — James C. Brethoved .... Bismarck 

Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant — Wm. T. Harris Bismarck 

Color Sergeant — 

G. H. Merrifield Grand Forks 

Frank W. Johnson Fargo 

HOSPITAL CORPS. 

B. D. Ash Lisbon 

C. O. Baglien Hillsboro 

A. M. Bond Devils Lake 

Ross M. Parker Lisbon 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 337 



PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS. 

Capitol Bismarck 

University Grand Forks 

Insane Asylum Jamestown 

Penitentiary Bismarck 

Agricultural College Fargo 

School of Mines (attached to University) Grand Forks 

School for the Deaf Devils Lake 

Reform School Mandan 

Normal School Mayville 

Normal School Valley City 

Institution for Feeble Minded Grafton 

Soldiers' Home Lisbon 

Blind Asylum Bathgate 

Industrial School Ellendale 

School of Forestry Bottineau 

Scientific School Wahpeton 

SALARIES OF STATE OFFICERS. 

For 
Personal 
Salary Expenses 

Governor $8,000 $1,600 

Lieutenant Governor 1 , 000 

Secretary of State 2,000 760 

Auditor 2,000 760 

Treasurer 2,000 760 

Attorney General 2 ,000 750 

Superintendent of Public Instruction 2 ,000 760 

Commissioner of Insurance 2 ,000 760 

Commissioner of Railroads (three), each 1,200 400 

Commissioner of Agriculture and Labor 2,000 760 

Judges of Supreme Court (three) each 6,000 

Judges of District Courts (eight) each 3,600 

Clerk of Supreme Court 2 , 000 

Reporter of Supreme Court 1 , 600 

State officers hereafter elected shall receive the following salaries: 

Governor $ 6,000 

Secretary of State 8,000 

Auditor 8,000 

Treasurer 8,000 

Attorney General ; 8,600 

Superintendent of Public Instruction 8 , 000 

Commissioner of Insurance 8 , 000 

Commissioner of Railroads (three) each 2 , 000 

Commissioner of agriculture and Labor 8,000 

APPOINTIVE OFFICERS. 

State Examiner $8,000 

Chief Deputy State Examiner 1,800 

Assistant Deputy State Lxaminers 1 ,800 

Adjutant General 1 ,800 

Commissioner of University and School Lands 2,000 

Oil Inspector 2,600 

All department deputies 1,800 

Trustees of Public Institutions receive $3 per day for each day em* 
ployed ana traveling expenses — not more than twelve sessions (twenty- 
four days in the aggregate) to be held in any one year unless author- 
ized by the governor. 

-22- 



338 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



INSURANCE COMPANIES DOING BUSINESS IN 

NORTH DAKOTA. 

FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES. 

Aetna Insurance Co., Hartford, Conn. 

American Central Insurance Co., St. Louis, Mo. 

Boston Insurance Co., Boston, Mass. 

Calumet Fire Insurance Co., Chicago j IlL 

Citizens' Fire Insurance Co., St. Louis, Mo. 

Commercial Union Fire Insurance Co., New York. 

Connecticut Fire Insurance Co., Hartford, Conn. 

Continental Insurance Co., New York. 

Columbia Fire Insurance Co., Omaha, 5^eb. 

Delaware Insurance Co., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Fire Association of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Fireman's Fund Insurance, San Francisco, Cal. 

Fidelity Fire Insurance Co., New York. 

German Alliance Insurance Co., New York. 

German American Insurance Co., New York. 

Germania Fire Insurance Co., New York. 

Glens Falls Insurance Co., Glens Falls, N. Y. 

Hanover Fire Insurance Co., New York. 

Hartford Fire Insurance Co., Hartford, Conn. 

Home Insurance Co., New York. 

Insurance Company of North America, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Liverpool & London & Globe Insurance Co., New York. 

Michigan Commercial Fire Insurance Co., Lansing, Mich. 

Milwaukee Mechanics Insurance Co., Milwaukee, Wis. 

National Fire Insurance Co., Hartford, Conn. 

National Union Fire Insurance Co., Pittsburg, Pa. 

New Hampshire Fire Insurance Co., Manchester, N. H. 

Niagara Fire Insurance Co., New York. 

Northwestern Fire & Marine Insurance Co., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Northwestern National Fire Insurance Co., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Middlewest Fire Insurance Co., Valley City, N. D. 

Old Colony Insurance Co., Boston, Mass. 

Pennsylvania Fire Insurance Co., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Phenix Insurance Co., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Phoenix Insurance Co., Hartford, Conn. 

Providence Washington Insurance Co., Providence, R. I. 

Queen City Fire Insurance Co., Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Queen Insurance Company of America, New York. 

Reliance Insurance Co., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rochester German Insurance Co., Rochester, N. Y. 

Security Insurance Co., New Haven, Conn. 

Springfield Fire & Marine Insurance Co., Springfield, Mass. 

St. Paul Fire & Marine Insurance Co., St. Paul, Minn. 

Westchester Fire Insurance Co., iMew York. 

FOREIGN FIRE COMPANIES. 

British America Assurance Co., Toronto, Canada. 

Commercial Union Assurance Co., London, England. 

First Russian Insurance Co., St. Petersburg, Russia. 

Hamburg- Bremen Fire Insurance Co., Hamburg, Germany. 

London Assurance Corporation, London. 

Liverpool & London & Globe Insurance Co., Liverpool, England. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 339 



Moscow Fire Insurance Co.> Moscow, Russia. 
Northern Assurance Co., London, England. 

North British & Mercantile Insurance Co., London & Edinburg. 
England. 

Norwich Union Fire Insurance Society, Norwich, England: 
Palatine Insurance Co., Limited, London, England. 
Phoenix Assurance Co., Limited, London, England. 
Royal Insurance Co., Liverpool, England. 
Russian Re- Insurance Co., St. Petersburg, Russia. 
Skandia Insurance Co., Stockholm, Sweden. 
Sun Insurance Office, London, England. 
Western Assurance Co., Toronto, Canada. 

STATE MUTUAL FIRE COMPANIES. 

Commercial Mutual Fire Insurance Co., Grand Forks, N. D. 
Evangelical Mutual Insurance Co.. Milbank, S. D. 
Globe Mutual Insurance Co., Huron, S. D. 
Implement Dealers Mutual Insurance Co., Grand Forks, N. D. 
Merchants National Mutual Fire Insurance Co., Fargo, N. D. 
Michigan Millers Mutual Fire Insurance Co., Lansing, Mich. 
Millers National Insurance Co., Chicago, 111. 
North Dakota Mutual Fire Insurance Co., Valley City, N. D. 
Northwest German Farmers Mutual Fire Insurance Co., Eureka, 
S. D. 

Northwestern Mutual Fire Insurance Co., Fargo, N. D. 
Ohio Millers Mutual Fire, Canton, O. 

Retail Merchants Mutual Fire Insurance Co., Minneapolis, Minn. 
Security Mutual Fire Insurance Co., Chatfield, Minn. 

COUNTY MUTUAL COMPANIES. 

Barnes County Mutual Insurance Co., Valley City, N. D. 
Benson County Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Brinsmade, N. D. 
Bottineau County Mutual Insurance Co., Bottineau, N. D. 
Cavalier County Mutual Insurance Co., Osnabrock, N. D. 
Dickey County Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Fullerton, N. D. 
Dundee, Walsh County Mutual Insurance Co., Dundee, N. D. 
Flaxton Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Flaxton, N. D. 
Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Cass county, Cassclton, N. D. 
Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Nelson county, McVille, N. D. 
Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Sargent and Ransom counties, Gwin- 
ner, N. D. 

Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Steele county, Sherbrooke, N. D. 

Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Traill county, Portland, N. D. 

Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Towner county, Cando, N. D, 

Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Harvey, N. D. 

Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Rainy Butte, N. D. 

Greenfield Mutual insurance Co., Sheyenne, N. D. 

Grant Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Donnybrook, N. D. 

Home Mutual Insurance Co., Wahpeton, N. D. 

Tames River Valley Mutual Insurance Co., Jamestown, N. D, 

Kenmare Farmers Mutual Insurance Co.. Kenmare, N. D. 

Morton-Oliver Counties Mutual Insurance Co., New Salem. N. D. 

McLean County Mutual Insurance Co., Washburn, N. D. 

McHenry County Mutual Insurance Co., Velva, N. D. 

Pembina County Mutual Insurance Co., Hamilton, N. D. 

Ransom County Mutual Insurance Co., Lisbon, N, D. 

Scandinavian Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Bottineau, N. D. 

Viking Mutual Insurance Co., Viking, N. D. 

Walle Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Grand Forks, N. D. 

Walsh County Mutual Insurance Co., Minot, N. D. 

West McLean County Mutual Insurance Co., Garrison, N. D. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



„,. ._ _ ._ nl. Minn. 

Natlanal Fiie Iniurancc Co.. Hartford. Conn. 
Northwatem Fire & Marine, Minnupolis, Minn. 
Middlewest Fire Insuranc* Co., Valley City, N. D. 
Connecticul Fire Iniuranu Co.. Hartford, Conn. 

ACCIDENT. PLATE GLASS, FIDELITY. EMPLOYERS' LIABIL- 
ITY AND SURETY COMPANIES. 
Hartford, Conn. 



e Corporation, Ltd., London 





Det 




Mi 


h. 




P]..e Gla»' 






Co 


N 


w York. 


rusi Co.. 1. 




N 


D. 






rican Aecid 


nt I 






Co. 


Chicago, nu 


dent & Gua 


antjr 


"co 




ion. 


Ltd., Londo 


ccident Insu 




Co 


. D( 




Mich. 


nty & Surel 


'c" 


Scranl 


n?'pa. 


lit, & Guar 


nty 


Co. 


Baltimor 


. Md. 



U. S. Health & Accident Insurance Co., Saginaw, Mich. 

CAPITAL STOCK LIFE COMPANIES. 
Aetna Life Insuranc 



National Life Insurance Co. of U. S. of A.. Chicago. IIL 

Pacific Muloal Life Iniurance Co.. L05 Angelei, CiL 

Pioneer Life Insurance Co., Far^o, N. D. 

Prudential Insurance Company of America, Newwk. N. J. 

Skandia Life Insurance Co.. (.hicaRO, 111. 

Travelers Insurance Co., Hartford. Conn. 

Union Central Ufe Insurance Co., Cincinnali. O. 

United States Annuity and Ljfe Insurance Co.. Chusago, I 

ML'TCAL LIFE COMPANIES. 
Bankers Reserve Life Co.. of Omaha. Neb. 
Des Moines Lite Insurance Co., Des Moines. lom. 
Fidelity Mutual Life insurance Co., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Minnesola Mutual Life Insurance Co., St. Paul. Hinn. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



341 



Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Co., Newark, N. J. 

Mutual Life Insurance Co., New York. 

National Life Insurance Co., Montpelier, Vt. 

New York Life Insurance Co., New York. 

Northwestern National Life Insurance Co., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Co., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Phoenix Mutual Life Insurance Co., Hartford, Conn. 

Security Mutual Life Insurance Co., Binghampton, N. Y. 

ASSESSMENT LIFE COMPANIES. 

Bankers Life Association of Des Moines, Iowa. 

Surety Fund Life Insurance Co., Minneapolis, Minn. 

FRATERNAL SOCTETIES. 

Ancient Order United Workmen, Fargo, N. D. 

Brotherhood of American \eomen. Des Moines, Iowa. 

Catholic Order of Foresters. Chicago, 111. 

Court of Honor, Springfield, 111. 

Daughters of Norway, Minneapolis. Minn. 

Degree of Honor, Jamestown, N. D. 

Fraternal Monarchs, Grand Forks. 

Fraternal Union of America, Denver, Colo. 

Homesteaders, Des Moines, Iowa. 

Improved Order of Heptasophs, Baltimore, Md. 

Independent Order of Foresters, Toronto, Canada. 

Independent Scandinavian Workingmens Association, Eau Claire, 
Wis. 

Knights of the Maccabees, Port Huron, Mich. 

Knights of Pythias, Chicago, 111. 

Knights of Columbus, New Haven, Conn. 

Locomotive Engineers Mutual S^iie & Accident Insurance Associa- 
tion, Cleveland, Ohio. , 

Ladies of the Maccabees, Port Huron, Mich. 

Loyal Americans, Springfield, 111. 

Modern Brotherhood, Mason City, Iowa. 

Modem Protective Association, Sayre, Pa. 

Modem Samaritans, Duluth, Minn. 

Modern Woodmen of America, Rock Island, 111. 

National Protective Legion, Waverly, N. Y. 

National Union, Toledo. Ohio. 

Royal Arcanum, Boston, Mass. 

Sons of Norway, Minneanolis, Minn. 

Royal Neighbors, Rock Island, 111. 

Sui>reme Tribe of Ben Hur, Crawfordsville, Ind. 

United Commercial Travelers, Columbus, O. 

United Order of Foresters, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Western Bohemian Catholic Union, New Prague, Minn. 

Western Masons Mutual Life Association, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Woodmen of the World, Omaha, Neb. 

NORTH DAKOTA LEGAL WEIGHTS. 



Apples 60 pounds 

Barley 48 pounds 

Beans 60 pounds 

Bran 20 pounds 

Bromus inermus .... 14 pounds 

Buckwheat 42 pounds 

Beets 60 pounds 

Broom corn 30 pounds 

Corn , shelled 66 pounds 

Com in the ear 70 pounds 

Clover seed 60 pounds 

Coal, stone 80 pounds 

Jb.ax seed 56 pounds 



Lime 80 pounds 

Millet 60 pounds 

Oats 82 pounds 

Onions 52 pounds 

Potatoes , Irish 60 pounds 

Potatoes , sweet .... 46 pounds 

Peas 60 pounds 

Rye 56 pounds 

Salt 80 pounds 

Speltz 40 pounds 

Turnips 60 pounds 

Timothy seed 45 pounds 

Wheat 60 pounds 



342 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



NORTH DAKOTA PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 

No. Name and Place of Library. Librarian. 

1 Barlow , Barlow Public Library 

2 Bismarck, State Historical Library Mr. H, C. Fish 

3 Bismarck, State Law Library Mrs. Nellie Call 

4 Cando, Public Library Miss Holmes 

6 Carrington , Public Library Miss Lulu Russell 

6 Casselton , Public Library Miss Hattie May 

7 *Devils Lake, Public Library Mrs. O. Evans 

8 *Dickinson , Public Library 

9 *Fargo, Agricultural College Mrs. Ethel McVcsty 

10 *Fargo, Public Library Miss Ida Schaefer 

11 Fargo, Masonic Grand Lodge Library Mr. F. J. Thompson 

12 Fessenden, Public Library Miss Josephine Laderout 

13 *Grafton, High School and Public Library Miss Mary Morris 

14 *Grand rorks. Public Library Miss Elizabeth Abbott 

15 Grand Forks, State University Library C. F. Compton 

16 Jamestown, Public Library Katherine Hager 

17 Lakota , Book-lovers Qub J. S. Cole 

18 Langdon, Public Library Mrs. A. A. G. McMillan 

19 Leeds, Public Library Hilda Nelson 

20 Mandan, City Library Rose D. Lang 

21 Mayville, Public Library Mrs. R. S. Wilson 

22 Mayville, Normal School Miss Nellie Olson 

23 *Minot , Public Library Miss Clara Kunst 

24 Park River, Public Library Miss Bessie I. Robbins 

25* Valley City, Public Library Mrs. Laura A. Basset 

26 Valley City, Normal School Miss Mabel G. West 

27 Wahpeton, North Dakota Science School Miss Lillian Mirick 



'Assisted by Andrew Carnegie. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



343 



CO-OPERATIVE WEATHER OBSERVERS AND 

STATION, 

O. W. Roberts, Director, Bismarck. 
CO-OPERATIVE OBSERVERS. 




Amenia .......... 

Aplin 

Ashley 

Beach 

Berlin ...... .... 

Berthold Agency •. 

Bottineau 

Broncho 

Buford 

Cando 

Chilcot 

Coal Harbor 

Crosby 

Dickinson 

Donnybrook 

Dunseith 

Edgeley , . . . . 

Edmore 

Epping 

Flasher 

Forman 

Fort Yates 

Fullerton 

Gladys 

Goforth 

Grafton 

Granville 

Haley 

Hamilton 

Hannah 

Hansboro 

Hettinger 

Hillsboro 

Jamestown 

Kulm 

Lakota 

Lamoine 

Langdon 

Larimore 

Lisbon 

McKinney 

Manfred 

Marmarth 

Marstonmoor 

Martin 

Mayyille 

Medina 

Medora 



Cass 

Oliver 

Mcintosh 

Billings 

LaMoure 

McLean 

Bottineau 

Mercer 

Williams 

Towner 

Ward 

McLean 

Williams 

Ward 

Rolette 

LaMoure 

Ramsey 

Williams 

Morton 

Sargent 

Morton 

Dickey — , 

Williams 

Adams 

Walsh , 

McHenry 

Bowman 

Pembina 

Cavalier 

Towner , 

Adams 

Traill , 

Stutsman , 

LaMoure 

Nelson 

Kidder 

Cavalier 

Grand Forks 

Ransom 

Ward 

Wells 

Bowman 

Stutsman 

McLean 

Traill 

Stutsman 

Billings 



C. E. Wood. 

W-. X. Stephens. 
E. T. Clyde. 

D. J. Steiner. 
N. S. French. 
C. L. Hall. 

J. A. Kemp. 

E. M. Walker. 
G. O. Sanford. 

E. T. Judd. 

F. W. Hannah. 

G. L. Robinson. 

B. Lancaster. 
L. R. Waldron. 

F. S. Gieselman. 
L. H. Trowbridge. 
O. A. Thompson. 
H. R. Aslakson. 

J. C. Wilson. 

G. H. Roberts. 
A. Maltby. 

F. O. Alin. 

C. P. Amsbaugh. 
J. E. Goforth. 
H. LaMoure. 

W. A. Christiansen. 
M. Hartt. 

D. Wallace. 
J. Moffatt. 

G. Dale. 

G. L. Hurd. 
M. H. Norman. 
L. B. Baldwin. 
J. F. BrenckJe. 
C. R. Pettcs. 

E. V. Virgin. 
~. Woolner. 
M. Naylor. 

H. K. Adams. 
N. P. Swenson. 
P. B. Anderson. 
S. P. Grane. 
H. H. McCumber. 
H. F. Bishop. 
M. N. Pope. 
M. Dwyer. 
J. W. Hesser. 



I; 



344 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Co-Operatlve Weather Observers. — Continued. 



Station 


County Observer. 


Melville 

Milnor 


Foster 

Sargent 

Ward 

Walsh 

Hettinsrer 


J. P. Kidder. 
O. B. Jorgenson. 


Minot 

Minto 

M ott 


J. J. Bates. 
S. S. Marsh. 
0. H. Opland. 
C. J. Hoof. 
W. C. McKenzie. 
J. Christiansen, 
M. S. Cuskelly. 
W. E. Williams. 


Naooleon 


Logan 

Hettinger 

Morton 

Dunn 

Barnes . . . < 

Ward 

Walsh 


New England 

New Salem 

Oakdale 

Oriska 


Palermo 

Park River 


T. A. McCann. 

B A Dunhar 


Pdnbinft •• 


Pembina 


F. C. Warner. 


Plaza 


Ward 


E. H. Johnson. 
R. J. Sovig. 
J. W. Power. 
C. H. Butts. 


Portal 


Ward 


Power 

Pratt 


Richland 

McHenry 

Kidder 

Bowman 

McHenry 

Grand Forks 

Pembina 


Steele 

Swartwood 

Towner •. . . 


B. C. Smith. 
W. F. Adams. 
B. Bagley. 
G. W. Stewart. 
E. L. Howard. 


University 

Walhalla 


Washburn 

Westhope 

White Earth 


McLean 

Bottineau 

Ward 


F. T. Thompson. 
J. T. Cavanagh. 
J. F. Cheesman. 


WillQw City 

Wishek 


Bottineau 

Mcintosh 


R. H. Watson . 
H. E. Timm. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



345 



Co-Operatlve Weather Observers — Continued. 

FORECAST DISPLAYMEN AND DISTRIBUTORS. 



Station 


County 


Distributor. 


Brazilt§ ,,,, 


Pierce 


A. B. Fox. 


Crystal* 


Pembina 


Postmaster. 


Kckman* . ^ . , » . ^ ^ . 


Bottineau 

Walsh 

Ransom 


Postmaster. 


Edinburst 


Laura Johnson. 
Postmaster. 


Englevale* ........ 

Fairmount* 

Farflrot 


Richland 

Cass 


Postmaster. 

N. D. Ind. Tel. Co. 


Grarton* ......... 


Walsh 


Postmaster. 


Uannaford* 

Hannaht 

TTarmnn* 


Griggs 

Cavalier 

Morton 

Benson .... ..... 

Walsh 


Postmaster. 
Postmaster. 
C. F. Miller. 


Knox* 


Postmaster. 


TjMilrln* 


Postmaster. 


Liflbon*8 .......... 


Ransom 


H. K. Adams. 


Mandan7§ 

IVlaxt 

Melvfllet 

Minnewaukan§ .... 

Minott 

Keche* 


Morton 


C. E. V. Draper. 
H. R. Freitag. 
T. P. Kidder. 
J. M. Cubbison 
Postmaster. 
Postmaster. 


McLean 


Foster 


Benson 

Ward 

Pembina 


Oakest 

Page* 


Dickey 

Cass 

Stutsman 

Rolette 

Bottineau 

Richland 

Burleigh 

Ramsey 

Dickey 

Williams 


Postmaster. 
Posttnastei" 


Pingreett 

Rolcttet§ 

Russell* 


L^vi Jaryis. 
A. E. Hurst. 
Postmaster. 


AVahpeton*t 

Bismarcktt§ 

Devils Lake14.§ .... 

Ellendalet§ 

WillistontS 


Postmaster. 

U. S. Weather Bureau. 
U. S. Weather Bureau. 
U. S. Weather Bureau. 
U. S. Weather Bureau. 









t' 



^Card distributing 
!SBy flags. 



center. *Rural free delivery. tBy telephone. 



346 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



CENSUS STATISTICS. 
Population of North DaKota by Counties. 

TABLE 1.— POPULATION OF NORTH DAKOTA, 1860 TO 1900. 

(New censtis will be taken in 1910.) 





Census 


Population 


Increase 




No. 


Per Cent 


1900 
1890 
1880 
1870 




319,146 

182,719 

(1) 86,909 

(1) 2,405 

(2) 4,837 


136,427 

146,810 

34,604 


74.7 
396.1 
1,434.7 


1860 













(1) Approximate population of present area of North Dakota. 

(2) Dakota territory. 

The population of the state in 1900 was 819,146 as compared with 
a population in 1890 of 182,719, showing an increase during the last 
ten years of 186,427, or 74.7 per cent. A small portion of this in- 
crease is due to the fact that there were 7,980 Indians and 284 other 
persons, or a total of 8,264 persons, on Indian reservations, etc, 
m North Dakota, who were specially enumerated in 1890 under the 
provisions of the census act, but were included in the general popu> 
lation of the state at that census. That part of the territorV of 
Dakota which now constitutes the state of North Dakota, had an 
approximate population in 1870 of 2,406, and in 1880 of 36,909, the 
increase from 1870 to 1880 having been 84,504, or 1,434.7 per cent, 
and from ]889 to 1890, 145,810, or 391.1 per cent. 

The population of North Dakota in 1900 was nearly nine times as- 
large as that given for 1880. 

The total land surface of North Dakota is approximately 70,195- 
square miles, the average number of persons to the square mile at 
the censuses of 1890 and 1900 being as follows: 1890, 2.6; 1900, 4.5. 

Table 2 shows the population of North Dakota by counties at eacb> 
census from 1870 to 1900 inclusive, while table 8, which immediately 
follows, shows, for each county, the increase (or decrease) by number 
and per cent during the .ten years from 1890 to 1900. 

TABLE 2.— POPULATION OF NORTH DAKOTA BY COUNTIES: 

1870 TO 1900. 



Counties 


1900 


1890 


1880 


187Q 


The state 


319,146 


182,719 


(1) 36,909 


(1) 2.405 







*Adams . . . 

Aired (2) 

Barnes . . . . 

'Benson (3) 
Billings (4) 
Bottineau 



• • • • • 



13,159 

8,320 

975 

7.532 



7,045 

2,460 

170 

2,893 



1,585 

1,323 I 

I 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



347 



TABLE 2— Continued. 



Counties 



1900 



1890 



1880 



1870 



Bowman (6) 

Buford (7) 

Burleigh 

Cavalier (8) 

Church (9) 

De Smct (10) 

Dickey (11) 

Dunn (12) 

Eddy (i3) 

Emmons ...... ... 

Flannery (7) 

Foster (14) 

Garfield (16) 

Grand Forks (16) .. 

Griggs (17) 

Hettinger (18) .... 

Howard (19) 

Judder ...... .... 



6,081 
28,626 
12,680 



6,061 

sisso 

4,349 

24 i 469 
4,744 



1,764 



6 

803 

4,247 

19,613 

6,471 

74 

6,673 

159 

1,377 

1,871 

72 
1,210 

83 

18,367 

2,817 

81 



3,246 
8,998 



88 

87 

6,248 



12 

89 



*Adams organized from unorganized Hettinger in 1907. 

(I) Total population for Dakota territory in 1880. 136,177, 1870. 
14,184; 1860, 4,837. The population of the remaining counties in 
1880 and 1870 is giveii under South Dakota; no county organization 
in 1860. 

(2 Organized from part of Howard in 1883; part annexed to Bil- 
lings in 1897, and part taken to form part of Williams since 1890. 

(3) Organized from parts of De Smet and Ramsey in 1883. 

(4) Part taken to form Bowman in 1883; Bowman, McKenzie and 
part of Aired annexed in 1897. 

(6) Part of Renville annexed in 1897. 

(6) Organized from part of Billings in 1883; annexed to Billing* 
in 1897. Reorganized from unorganized Bjowman in 1907. 

(7) Organized from part of Wallette in 1883; part taken to form 
part of Williams since 1890. 

(8) Towner organized from parts of Cavalier and Rolette in 
1883. 

(9) Organized from parts of McHenr^ and Sheridan in 1887; 
annexed to McHenry, McLean and Pierce since 1890. 

(10) Name changed from French in 1876; taken to form Pierce 
in 1887 and part of Benson in 1883. 

(II) Dickey organized from part of LaMoure in 1881. 

(12) Organized from part oi Howard in 1883: annexed to Stark 
in 1897. Reorganized from unorganized territory in 1908. 

(13) Organized from part of Foster in 1886. 

(14) Parts taken to form Eddy in 1886, part of Griggs in 1881, 
and part of Nelson in 1883. 

(16) Organized from part of Stevens in 1885, annexed to McLean 
in 1891. 

(16) Parts taken to form parts of Walsh in 1881 and Nelson in 
1888. 

(17) Organized from parts of Foster and Traill in 1881; part taken 
lo form part of Steele in 1888. 

(18) Organized from part of Stark in 1888; annexed to Stark in 
1897. Reorganized from unorganized Hettinger in 1907. 

(19) Taken to form Aired, Dunn, McKenzie and Wallace in 
1688. 



348 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



TABLE 2— Continued. 



Counties 


1900 


1890 


1880 1870 


LaMourc (11) 

Logan (20) 

McHenry (21) .... 

Mcintosh (20) 

McKenzie (22) .... 

McLean (28) 

Mercer (24) 

Morton .... ...... 

Mountraille (26) . . 

Nelson (26) 

Oliver (27) 

Pembina (28) 

Pierce (29) 

Ramsey (30) 

Ransom (31) 

Renville (32) 


6,048 
1,626 
6,263 
4,818 


3,187 

697 

1,584 

8,148 

3 

960 

428 

4,728 

122 

4,293 

f 464 

14,334 

905 

4,418 

6,393 

99 

10,751 

2,427 

6,076 

6 

2,304 

3,777 

16 


20 

200 
13 

4,862 

281 
637 

8,667 
247 




4,791 
1,778 
8,069 




7,316 
990 
17,869 
4,766 
9,198 
6,919 


1,213 


Richland (33) 

Rolette (8) 

Sargent (34) 

Sheridan (35) 


17,387 
7,995 
6,039 




Stark (36) 

Steele (37) 

Stevens (38) 


7,621 
6,888 











(11) Dickey organized from part of LaMoure in 1881. 

(20) Mcintosh organized from part of Logan in 1883. 

(21) Part taken to form part of Church in 1887; part of Church 
annexed since 1890. 

(22) Organized from part of Howard in 1883; annexed to Billings 
in 1897. 

(23) Organized from unorganized territory in 1905. Organized 
from part of Stevens in 1883; Garfield and Sheridan annexed in 1891 
and parts of CHiurch and Stevens annexed since 1890. 

(24) Part taken to form Oliver in 1885; part of Williams an- 
nexed since 1890. 

(25) Annexed to Ward in 1891. Reorganized from part of Ward 
in 1909. 

(26) Organized from parts of Foster, Grand Forks and Ramsey 
in 1883. 

(27) Organized from part of Mercer in 1886. 

(28) Part taken to form part of Walsh in 1881. 

(29) Organized from part of De Smet in 1887; part of Church 
annexed since 1890. 

(30) Parts taken to form parts of Benson and Nelson in 1883. 

(31) Part taken to form part of Sargent in 1883. 

(32) Part taken to form part of Ward in 1886; annexed to Bot- 
tineau and Ward in 1807; 

(38) Part of Sisseton and Wahpeton Indian reservation annexed 
between 1880 and 1890. 

(8) Towner organized from parts of Cavalier and Rolette in 1883. 

(84) Organized from i^arts of Ransom county and Sisseton and 
Wahpeton Indian reservation in 1883. 

(36) Part taken to form part of Church in 1887; annexed to Mc- 
Lean in 1891. Reorganized from part of McLean in 1909. 

(86) Part taken to form Hettinger in 1883; Dunn, Hettinger and 
Wallace annexed in 1897, and part of Williams annexed since 1890. 
' (37) Organized from parts of Grig^ and Traill in 1888. 

(38) Parts taken to form McLean in 1883, and Garfield and part 
of Ward in 1886; parts annexed to McLean and Ward since 1890. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



349* 



TABLE 2— Continued. 



Counties 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1870 


Stutsm&n >>.!. .... 


9,148 


6,266 


1,007 




Towner (8) 


6,491 


1,450 






Traill (39) 


13,107 


10,217 


4,128 




Wallace (12) 


• •••*•••• 


24 






Wallctte (40) 






432 




Walsh (41) 


20,288 


16,587 






Ward (42) 


7,961 


1,681 






Wells (48) 


8,310 


1,212 






Williams (44) 




109 


14 




Williams (46) .^... 


1,630 








SUnding Rock In- 










dian reservation 










(part of) (47) .. 


2,208 


(48) 511 






Unorganized territ'y 








(48) 1,198- 







(8) Towner organized from parts of Cavalier and Rolette vtv 
1888. 

(89) Parts taken to form part of Griggs in 1881 and part of Steele 
in 1883. 

(40) Taken to form Buford and Flannery in 1885. 

(41) Organized from parts of Grand Forks and Pembina in 
1881. 

(42) Organized from parts of Renville and Stevens in 1886;. 
Mountraille annexed in 1891, part of Renville annexed in 1897, and 
part of Stevens annexed since 1890. 

(48) Name changed from Gingras in 1881. 
(44) Annexed to Mercer and Stark since 1890. 
(46) Organized from Buford, Flannery and part of Aired since 
1890. 

(46) Population of Fort Yates and Standing Rock Indian agency 
exclusive of reservation Indians. 

(47) Can not be located by counties. For population of re- 
mainder of reservation see figures for South Dakota. Formerly part 
of Bowman, Dakota territory. Returned in 1890 as unorganized ter- 
ritory. 

(48) Of the population of the unbrganized territory in Dakota 
in 1870 (2,091), 1,191 is estimated to have been within the present 
limits of North Dakota. 



TABLE NO. 8— INCREASE IN POPULATION OF 
DAKOTA BY COUNTIES— 1390 TO 1900. 



NORTH 



Counties 



Increase 



Number 



Per Cent 



The state 
Barnes . . 
Benson . . 
Billings . 
Bottineau 
Bowman . 
Buford .. 
Burleigh . 
Cass .... 



136,427 


74.7 


6,114 


86.8 


5,860 


238.2 


805 


473.6 


4,639 


160.4 


(1) 6 




(1) 808 




1,834 


43.2 


0,012 


46. 9^ 



350 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



TABLE NO. 3— Continued. 

• 




Counties 

• 


Increase 




Number 


Per Cent 



Cavalier 

Church 

Dickey 

Dunn 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Flannery 

Foster 

Garfield 

Grand Forks 

Grig^fs 

Hettmger 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McKenzic 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Mountraille 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Renville 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Sheridan 

Stark 

Steele 

otevens 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Wallace 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 

Williams 

Standing Rock Indian reservation (part of) 



(1) 
(1) 

(1) 
(1) 

(1) 



(1) 



(1) 



(1) 



(1) 



(1) 



(1) 



(1) 



6,109 
74 

488 

159 

1,953 

2,378 

72 

2,560 

* 33 

6,102 

1,927 

81 

543 
2,861 
1,028 
3,669 
1,670 
3 
3,931 
1,350 
3,341 

122 
3,023 

526 
3,535 
3,860 
4,780 
1,526 
99 
6,636 
6,568 

963 

5 

5,317 

2,111 

16 

8,877 

5,041 

2,890 

24 

8,701 

6,280 

7,098 

109 
1,630 
1,687 



94.4 

8.8 

141.8 
120.6 

211.6 

33.2 

68.4 

44.8 

89.8 

152.2 

281.6 

48.3 

457.1 

315.4 

70.7 

70.4 
113.4 

24.7 
426.6 
108.2 

28.3 

61.7 

229.4 

19.0 

230.8 
56.9 

78.6 

847.7 

28.3 

22.3 
373.6 
585.6 



332.1 



(1) Decrease; county aboished. 

The following territorial changes in the counties of North Dakota 
have been made since 1890: Present county of Williams organized 
from Buford, Flannery and part of Aired: part of Aired annexed 
to Billings and part taken to form part of Williams; Bowman and 
McKenzie annexed to Billings; Buford and Flanneiy taken to form 
part of Williams; Church annexed to McHenry, McLean and Pierce; 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



351 



Dunn, Hettinger and Wallace annexed to Stark*; Garfield and Sheridan 
annexed to McLean; Mountraille annexed to Ward; Renville annexed 
to Bottineau and Ward; Stevens annexed to McLean and Ward; and 
former county of Williams annexed to Mercer and Stark. Following 
counties organized since census of 1900. 

Present county of Adams organized from unorganized territory. 

Present county of Bowman or<^nized from unorganized territory. 

Present county of Dunn organized from unorganized territory. 

Present county of Hettinger organized from unorganized territory. 

Present county of McKenzie organized from unorganized territory. 

Present county of Mountrail organized from Ward county. 

Present county of Sheridan organized from McLean county. 

Of the forty-six counties in the state all have increased in popula- 
tion during the decade, the counties showing more than 200 per 
cent of increase being Wells, 686.6 per cent; Billings, 473.5 per cent; 
McLean, 457.1 per cent; Pierce, 426.6 per cent; Ward, 378.6 per 
cent; Towner, 347.7 per cent; Mercer, 315.4 per cent; Benson, 238.2 
per cent; McHenry, 231.6 per cent; Stark, 230.8 per cent; Rolette, 
229.4 per cent, and Foster, 211.6 per cent. 

* State supreme court decisions in 1902 decided act of 1897, chang- 
ing boundaries of Stark county, unconstitutional, and original boun- 
daries were restored. 



POPULATION OF NORTH DAKOTA TOWNS AND 

CITIES, 1890 AND 1900. 

(Since the 1900 census many towns and cities have doubled in 
population, and new towns, some of them of great commercial im- 
portance, have sprung up in the northern and western part of the 
state. Snyopsis of the state census by counties of 1905 follows this 
table.) 



Cities, Towns and Villages 



Ardoch town 

Bismarck 

Bottineau town 

Buffalo village 

Cando town 

Canton town 

Casselton city 

Cavalier town 

Churchs Ferry village 

Conway village 

Cooperstown village . 

Crystal city , 

Davenport village . . . 
Devils Lake^ city ... 

Dickinson city 

Drayton town 

Edgeley village 

Eoinburg village . . . . 

Ellendale city 

Endcrlin city , 

Fairmount village . . . 
Fargo city 



Population 




1900 


1890 


298 




214 


3,319 


2 


,186 


888 




145 


213 




177 


1,061 




200 


98 






1,207 




840 


671 






264 






216 






648 




368 


385 






245 






1,729 




846 


2,076 




987 


688 




818 


306 






286 






750 




761 


636 






284 




91 


9,589 


5 


,661 



352 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Population of North Dakota Towna and Cities, 1890 and 

1 900--iContinued. 



Population 



Cities, Towns and Villages 




Forest River village 

Forman town 

Grafton city 

Grand Forks city . . 
Hamilton town . . . . . 
Hankinson village . . 

Hatton village 

Hillsboro city 

Hoople village 

Hope village 

Hunter village 

Jamestown city 

Kulm village 

Lakota village 

LaMoure village . . . 

Langdon city 

Larimore city , 

Leeds village 

Lidgerwood village . 

Lisbon city 

Mandan city 

Mapleton village . . . 

Mayville city 

Michigan village . . . 

Milnor town 

Milton village 

Minnewaukan village 

Minot village 

Minto village 

New Salem village 
Northwood city . . . . 

Oakes city , 

Park River city . . . 

Pembina city 

Pisek village 

Portland town 

Reynolds city 

Rolla village 

Rugby village 

St. Thomas town . . 
Sanborn village . . . . 

Sheldon town 

Steele city , 

Tower City village 

Towner town 

Valley City 

Wahpeton city 

Walhalla city 

Williston city 

Willow City 

Wimbledon village . . 



252 




257 


178 


2,878 


1,504 


7,652 


4,979 


224 


257 


713 




430 




1,172 


716 


174 




606 


238 


407 


194 


2,853 


2,296 


463 


■ 


576 


227 


457 


309 


1,188 


291 


1,235 


653 


349 




585 




1,046 


936 


1,658 


1,828 


322 


119 


1,106 


657 


309 




322 


279 


384 


202 


432 




1,277 


676 


860 


467 


229 




«97 


268 


688 


379 


1,088 


634 


929 


670 


132 




524 


867 


389 




400 


255 


487 




661 


477 


259 


227 


SI 8 


258 


185 


133 


468 


809 


331 


211 


2,446 


1,089 


2,228 


1,518 


377 




763 




476 




226 





Of the above named seventy-three incorporated places there were nine- 

teen which had more than 1,000 inhabitants in 1900; of these eleven 

had less than 2,000; six had more than 2,000 but less than 5,000 and 

two had more than 5,000, namely. Grand Forks with 7,652 and Fargo 

'' inhabitants. 

William R. Merriam, 

Director of Census. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



353 



POPULATION OF NORTH DAKOTA 
State Census of 1905. 

BARNES COUNTY. 



\ 



Alta township 

Anderson township 

Baldwin township 

Binghampton township 

Clark City township 

Cuba township 

Dazey village 

Dazey township 

Edna township 

Greenland township 

Green township 

Grand Prairie township 

Herman township 

Hobart township 

Lake township | 

Litchville village .* 

Mansfield township 

Minnie Lake township « 

Noltimier township 

Norma township . . , 

Oakhill township 

Oriska township 

Pierce township j 

Potter township 

Rosebud township 

Rogers township 

Rariton township 

Sanborn village 

Svea township 

Skandia township 

Spring Creek township 

Springvale Township 

Thordenskjold township 

Uxbridge township 

Wimbledon village 

Valley City 

Weimer township .•••.•• 

Unorganized territory in Second Commissioner District 

comprising township 138, range 58, and township 180, 

range 69 

Unorganized territory in Third Commissioner District, 

comprising township 148, range 56; township 141. 

range 58; township 142, range 58; township 148 range 

58; township 141, range 59 

Unorganized territory in Fourth Commissioner Distritt, 

comprising twnship 140, range 58 

Unorganized territory in Fifth Commissioner District, 
. comprising township 140, range 61 and township 141, 

range 61 

Total 



S46 
171 
S06 
697 
1S4 
228 
281 
807 
854 
191 
298 
174 
219 
207 
144 

. 285 
185 
214 
285 
287 
C86 
840 
214 
196 
288 
193 
456 
800 
16» 
224 
26» 
296 
600 
224 
460 

4.059 
154 



617 

961 
158 

426 



1 15.726 



-28- 



352 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Population of North Dakota Towna and Cities, 1890 and 

1 900— Contixraed. 



Population 



Cities, Towns and Villages 




Forest River village 

Forman town 

Grafton city 

Grand Forks city . . 

Hamilton town 

Hankinson village . . 

Hatton village 

Hillsboro city 

Hoople village 

Hope village 

Hunter village 

Jamestown city 

Kulm village 

Lakota village 

LaMoure village . . . 

Langdon city 

Larimore city , 

Leeds village 

Lidgerwood village . 

Lisbon cit^ 

Mandan city 

Mapleton village . . . 

Mayyille city 

Michigan village . . . 

Milnor town 

Milton village 

Minnewaukan village 

Minot village 

Minto village 

New Salem village 
Northwood city . . . . 

Oakes city 

Park River city . . . 

Pembina city 

Pisek village 

Portland town 

Reynolds city 

Rolla village 

Rugby village 

St. Thomas town . . 
Sanborn village . . . . 

Sheldon town 

Steele city , 

Tower City village 

Towner town 

Valley City 

Wahpeton city 

Walhalla city 

Williston city 

Willow City 

Wimbledon village . . 



252 




267 


178 


2,878 


1,694 


7,662 


4,979 


224 


267 


713 




430 




1,172 


716 


174 




606 


238 


407 


194 


2,853 


2,296 


468 




676 


227 


457 


309 


1,188 


291 


1,236 


653 


349 




585 




1,046 


935 


1,668 


1,828 


322 


119 


1,106 


657 


309 




822 


279 


384 


202 


432 




1,277 


675 


860 


467 


229 




697 


268 


688 


379 


1,088 


634 


929 


670 


132 




524 


867 


389 




400 


255 


487 




661 


477 


259 


227 


S18 


258 


185 


138 


468 


809 


831 


211 


2,446 


1,089 


2,228 


1,618 


377 




763 




476 




226 





Of the above named seventy-three incorporated places there were nine- 
teen which had more than 1,000 inhabitants in 1900; of these eleven 
had less than 2,000; six had more than 2,000 but less than 5,000 and 
two had more than 5,000, namely, Grand Forks with 7,652 and Fargo 
with 9«589 inhabitants. 

William R. Merriam, 

Director of Censtis. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



353 



POPULATION OF NORTH DAKOTA 
State Census of 1905. 

BARNES COUNTY. 



Alta township 

Anderson township 

Baldwin township 

Binghampton township 

Clark City township 

Cuba township 

Dazey village 

Dazey township 

Edna township 

Greenland township .....' 

Green township 

Grand Prairie township 

Herman township 

Hobart township ' 

Lake township ( 

Litchville village ,* 

Mansfield township 

Minnie Lake township , 

Noltimier township 

Norma township . . , 

Oakhill township 

Oriska township 

Pierce township 

Potter township 

Rosebud township 

Rogers township 

Rariton township 

Sanborn village 

Svea township 

Skandia township 

Spring Creek township 

Springnrale Township 

Thordenskjold township 

Uxbridge township 

Wimbledon village 

Valley City 

Wcimer township 

Unorganized territory in Second Commissioner District 

comprising township 138, range 68, and township 130, 

range 60 

Unorganized territory in Third Commissioner District, 

comprising township 143, range 66; township 141. 

range 68; township 142, range 68; township 143 range 

68; township 141, range 60 

Unorganized territory in Fourth Commissioner District, J 

comprising twnship 140, range 68 i 

Unorganized territory in Fifth Commissioner District, 
. comprising township 140, range 61 and township 141, 

range 61 



Total 



S46 
171 
806 
607 
194 
828 
881 
807 
864 
101 
208 
174 
810 
807 
144 

. 286 
186 
214 
886 
887 
C86 
840 
814 
106 
888 
103 
466 
800 
168 
824 
868 
806 
600 
284 
460 

4.060 
164 



617 

061 
163 

486 



1 16,726 



-2a- 



354 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



BENSON COUNTY. 



Minnewaukan village 

Leeds t 

E^mod - ■> 

Albert township 

Aurora township 

Beaver township 

Butte Valley township 

Broe township 

Iowa township 

Isabel township 

Irvine township 

Leeds township , 

Hesper townshin 

Knox township 

McClellan township 

North Viking township , 

Normania township *.. 

Oberon township 

Pleasant Lake township , 

Riggin township , 

York township 

West Antelope township 

Twin Lake township 

Brinsmade village 

First commissioner district : 

Second commissioner district , 

Third commissioner district 

Total 



445 
520 
531 
270 
254 
242 
224 
247 
162 
233 
218 
369 
250 
555 
208 
410 
352 
493 
282 
251 
424 
248 
242 
152 
218 
652 
911 

9,363 



BILLINGS COUNTY. 



First Commissioner District 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 

Total 



725 

1,200 
760 

2,685 



BOTTINEAU COUNTY. 



Roland township . 
Scandia township 
Scotia township . . 
Richburg township 
Wayne township . 
Antler township^ . 
Wheaton township 
Eidsvold township 
Sergius township . 
Hoffman township 
Starbuck township 
Kane township . . 
Brauder township 
Renville township 

Cut Bank . , 

Stone Creek 

Tacoma township . 
Newborg township 



1,529 
301 
270 
425 
238 
229 

1,250 
445 
763 
055 
S89 
160 
879 
260 

1,427 
289 
293 
246 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



355 



BOTTINEAU— Continued. 



Lewis township ; 188 

Mount Rose 186 

Blaine township 754 

Chatfield township 192 

Elms township 174 

Lansford 227 

Willow City village 676 

Omemee township 604 

Bottineau city 1 ,227 

Souris village 352 

Westhope village 626 

Lansford village 272 

Total 15,174 



BURLEIGH COUNTY. 



Bismarck city 

First Commissioner District . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 
Painted Woods township . . , 

Orass Lake 

Lake View township 

Driscoll township 

Hazelgrove township 

Menoken 

Logan township 

ijlenview township 

Crofte township 

Telfer township 

Boyd township 

Apple Creek township 

Ecklund township 

Total 



4,913 

889 

959 

1,375 

166 

204 

53 

120 

195 

129 

80 

113 

185 

87 

44 

103 

300 

9,875 



CASS COUNTY. 



Fargo 

Casselton City . . . . 
Hunter village . . . 
Buffalo village . . . 
Mapleton village . , 
Tower City village. 

Page village 

Davenport village . 
Amenia township . 
Arthur township . 
Addison township , 
Berlin township . . 
Barnes township . 
Buffalo township . , 
Bell township . . . . 
"Cornell township . 
"Qifton township . 
Osselton townshio 



12,512 
1,269 
390 
237 
237 
461 
' 493 
250 
370 
324 
349 
290 
368 
185 
247 
176 
269 
253 



356 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



CASS — Continued. 



Davenoort to^mahip . . . 

Durbin township 

Empire township 

Erie township 

Eldred township 

Everest township 

Fargo township 

Gill township 

Gardner township 

Gunkel township 

Harmony township .... 

Hunter township 

Howe township 

Highland township 

Harwood township 

Hill township 

Kinyon township 

Leonard township 

Lake township 

Mapleton township .... 
Maple River township . . 

Noble township 

Normania township . . . . 
Pleasant township .... 

Pontiac township 

Rochester township .... 
Rush River townsnip . . , 

Reed township 

Raymond township .... 

Rich township 

Page township 

Stanley township 

Tower township 

Watson township 

Walberg township 

Wheatland township . . . 

Warner township 

Wiser township 

Dows township 

Township 139, range 48 
Ayr township 



Total 



411 
187 
271 
817 
864 
204 
816 
285 
886 
278 
179 
254 
894 
250 
408 
285 
881 
849 
191 
246 
839 
289 
927 
648 
816 
194 
250 
394 
273 
198 
188 
812 
168 
275 
457 
502 
600 
262 
161 
24 
804 

81,966 



CAVALIER COUNTY. 



Alma township 

Banner township . . . 
Billings township . 

Bruce township 

Cypress township . . 
Dresden township . . 
Easby township . . . 
East Alma township 

Elgin township 

Fremont township . 
Glenila township . . . 
Gordon township . . 



292 
817 
408 
100 
406 
400 
854 
899 
890 
602 
226 
827 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



357 



CAVALIER— Continued. 



Grey township 

Harvey township 

Henderson township . . . 

Hope township 

Huron township , 

Langdon township 

Lanffdon city 

Linden 

Loam township 

Manila township 

Milton township 

Minto township 

Montrose township . . . . 

Moscow township 

Mount Carmel township 

Olga township 

Osnabrock township ... 

Osnabrock village 

Perry townshi]) 

Seivert township 

South Dresden township 

Skier township 

Storlie township 

Waterloo township . . . . 



Total 



S21 
249 
690 
759 
249 
246 

1,544 
709 
768 
246 
425 
198 
818 
347 
618 

1.025 
878 
897 
896 
241 
616 
248 
245 
268 

16,761 



DICKEY COUNTY. 



Albion township 

Ada township 

Bare Creek township 

Clement township 

Rllendale city 

Ellendale township 

Elden township 

Elm township 

Hudson township 

James River Valley township 

Kent township 

Kentner township 

Keystone township 

Lovell township 

Merricourt village 

Oakes city 

Port Emma township 

Porter township 

Riverside township 

Spring Vallev township 

Valley township 

Van Meter, township 

Whitestone township 

Wright township 

Yorktown township 

Total 



120 
210 
188 
817 
1,099 

89 
188 

62 
140 
864 
110 
122 
268 
280 
89)» 
1,808 
107 
360 
155 
608 

80 
147 
614 
186 
161 

7,412 



358 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



EDDY COUNTY. 



New Rockford 

Sheyenne village 

Paradise township 

Township 148 » range 68 
Township 148, range 64 
Township 148, range 65 
Township 148, range 66 
Township 148, range 67 
Township 149, range 62 
Township 149, range 63 
Township 149, range 64 
Township 149, range 65 
Township 149, range 66 
Township 149, range 67 
Township 160, range 63 
Township 160, range 63 
Township 150, range 64 
Township 150, range 65 
Township 150, range 66 
Greenfield township .... 

Total 



800 
291 
150 
99 
100 
189 
195 
212 
193 
200 
148 
107 
125 
154 
129 
49 
64 
195 
239 

267 

• 

8,906 



EMMONS COUNTY. 



First Commissioner District . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 
Fourth Commissioner District 
Fifth Commissioner District 

Total 



899 
1,237 
1,688 
1,764 

880 

6,418 



FOSTER COUNTY. 



Carrington 

First Commissioner District 

Glenfield township 

Campbell township , 

Haven township 

Carrington township 

Rose Hill township 

Wyard township 

McHenry village , 

Third Commissioner District 

Total 



1,106 
1,084 
265 
191 
187 
196 
189 
155 
417 
95S 

4. 748 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



359 



GRAND FORKS COUNTY. 



Arvilla township 

Americus township . . 
Allendale township . . 

Agnes township 

Avon township 

Bentru township 

Blooming township . . . 

Brenna township 

Chester township . . . . 
Elm Grove township . , 
Elkmount township . . . 
Fairfield township . . . 
Falconer township . . . 

Ferry township 

Gilby township 

Grace township 

Grand Forks township 

Hegton township 

Inkster township 

Johnston township . . . 
Loretta township .... 
Lakeville township . . . 

Lind township 

X.arimore township . . . 

Levant township 

Logan township 

Mekinock township . . . 
Michigan township . . . 
Moraine township .... 
Niagara township . . . . . 
Northwood township . 
Oakville townshif) . . . . 
Plymouth township . . . 

Pleasant View 

Rye .township 

Strabane township . . . 
Turtle River township 

Union township 

Walle township 

Washington township 
Wheatfield township . . 

Reynolds city 

Inkster city 

Northwood city 

Larimore city 

Grand Forks city .... 



Total 



841 
416 
897 
805 
887 
898 
886 
883 
410 
818 
884 
168 
118 
587 
684 
897 
671 
166 
2T5 
304 
485 
876 
408 
809 
134 
868 
488 
888 
808 
877 
587 
811 
898 
817 
181 
897 
867 
481 
759 
481 
168 
168 
488 
709 
1,686 
10,187 

86,494 



GRIGGS COUNTY. 



Cooperstown 

Addie township . . . . 
Ball Hill township 
Bartley township . . 
Broadview township 
Bryan township . . . 



1,008 
885 
868 
850 
814 
864 



360 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



GR IGGS — Continued. 



Cooperstown township . . . 

Clearfield township 

Dover township 

Greenfield township 

Helena township , 

Lenora township 

Mabel township , 

Pilot Mound township . . 

Rosendal township 

Romness township 

Sverdrup townhsip 

Tyrol township 

Washburn township . . . . . 

Willow township , 

Township 140, range 61 

Total 



26S 
155 
224 
512 
ITS 
19S 
210 
235 
213 
274 
885 
818 
281 
172 
107 

6,993 



KIDDER COUNTY. 



Allen township 

Buckeye township 

Manning township 

Steele village^ 

Sibley township 

Pleasant Hill township 

Woodlawn township 

First Commissioner District 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 

Total 



80 

40 

45 

212 

105 

127 

84 

780 

478 

340 

2,307 



L'MOURE COUNTY. 



LaMoure village 

Edgeley village 

Kulm village 

Verona village 

Black Loam township . . 
Gladstone township . . . . 

Golden township 

Glen township 

Grand View township . , 
Grand Rapids township 
Greenville township .... 
Henrietta township . . . . 
Litchville township . . . . 

Nora township 

Norden township 

Prairie township 

Sheridan township .... 
Saratoga township .. . 

Roscoe township 

Twin Lake township . . 
Willow Bank township 

Wano township 

District No. 3 

District No. 4 

District No. 6 



707 
415 
687 
102 
309 
261 
190 
170 
108 
102 
178 
205 
809 
165 
285 
880 
869 
177 
288 
189 
101 
124 
861 
558 
668 

7.715 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



361 



LOGAN COUNTY. 



First GMumissioner District .. 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District . 

Total 



1,480 

848 

1.798 

4,116 



M'HENRY COUNTY. 



Towner yillage 686 

Balfour yillage 688 

Granville yillage 600 

Berwick township 880 . 

Kottke Valley township 806 

Granville township , 846 

Norwich township 801 

Egg Creek township ' 161 

Grilley township 260 

Little Deep township 289 

Layton township 226 

Pratt township 282 

Deep River township 227 

Cottonwood Lake township 210 

Olivia township 171 

Bjornson township 185 

Strege township 275 

Roosevelt township 825 

Spring Grove township « 248 

Brown township 228 

Velva township 506 

T^ke Hester township 224 

Rc^stad township 445 

North Prairie township 802 

Meadow township 272 

\''oltaire township 175 

Odine township 202 

First Commissioner District 704 

Third Commissioner District 8,410 

Fifth Commissioner District 1 , 605 

Township 154 , range 77 302 

Township 154 , range 78 236 

Township 155 , range 77 '. 165 

Township 155, range 78 182 

Township 166, range 77 338 

Township 166 , range 78 233 

Township 157, ranges 78, 79, 80 828 

Township 151 , range 77 881 

Total 16,231 



M'INTOSH COUNTY. 



Ashfey 

First Commissioner District . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District . 

Total 



474 
1,865 
1.484 
2,265 

6,088 



362 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



M*KEN2IE COUNTY. 



First Commissioner District . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 

Total 



537 
691 
150 



1,86a 



M'LEAN COUNTY. 



Washburn village 

Wilton village 

Butte township 

Blue Hill township 

Denhoff township 

Douglas township 

Emmett township 

Heaton township 

St. Mary's township 

Underwood township 

First Commissioner District 

Second Commissioner District 

Third Commissioner Distrct . . 

Fourth Commissioner Dbtrict 

Township 145, ranges 74, 75, 76, 77 and 78 

Total 



898 

802^ 

803^ 

161 

818- 

162 

253 

142- 

28S 

407 

1,185- 

2,787 

8,678: 

8,975- 

444 



15,24S 



MERCER COUNTY. 



First Commissioner District 

Second Commissioner District 

Third Commissioner District I 

Fourth Commissioner District I 

Fifth Commissioner District I 

Total 



I 



501 
442r 
535 
604- 
108^ 



2,191 



MORTON COUNTY. 



Mandan 

New Salem 

Glen UUin 

Hebron 

Sims 

Blue Grass township 
Custer township .... 

Sims township 

District A 

District C. 

District D 

District E 

Total 



2,714^ 

527 

645- 

807 

118 

610- 

105^ 

98 

8,665 

1,677 

1,118 

8,079- 



18,868 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



363 



NELSON COUNTY. 



Adler township .... 

Aneta city 

Bergen township ... 
Central township . . 
Clara township .... 
Dahlen townsnip . . . 
Dayton township . . 
Dodds township ... 
Enterprise township 

Field township 

Forde townshii) . . . . 
Harlin township . . . 
Illinois township . . , 
Kelly township .... 
Lakota townsnip . . . 

Lee township 

Leval townsnip .... 

Lakota city 

Melvin township^ . . 
Michigan townsnip . 
Michigan village . . . 
Nash township . . . . . 
Nesheim township . 

Ora township 

Osage townsnip .... 
Petersburg township 
Rubin township . . . 
Rugh township . . . . 
Samia township . . . 
Wanduska township 

Total 



265 
643 
295 
293 
241 
802 
155 
221 
246 
814 
273 
833 
200 
194 
421 
379 
154 
900 
255 
385 
529 
204 
317 
321 
280 
584 
238 
23;3 
187 
150 

9,501 



OLIVER COUNTY. 



First Commissioner District . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 

Total 



1,227 
397 
821 

2,445 



PEMBINA COUNTY. 



Pembina city . . . . 
St. Thomas village 
Bathgate village . . 
Cavalier village . . . 
Neche village .... 
Drayton village . . 
Walhalla village . . 
Crystal village . . . 
Hamilton village . 
Canton village .... 
Advance township 
Akra township . . . 



918 
708 
561 
744 
613 
601 
520 
400 
187 
120 
440 
479 



364 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



PEMBINA— Continaed. 



Rathnte township . 
Beauiien township . . 
Carlitle township . . 
Crystal township . . . 
Cavalier township . . 
Drayton township . . 
Elora township . . . . 
<jardar township .... 
Hamilton township ., 
Toilette township . . 
1^ Moure township . 
Lincoln township . . . 
Midland township . 
Neche township . . . . 
I^dema township . . . 

Park township 

Pembina township . . 
St. Joseph townsnip , 
St. Thomas township 
Thlngvalla township 
Walhalla township . . 

Total 



SSI 
435 

535 
400 
800 
SIS 
275 

ess 

428 

431 
323 
434 
434 
496 
S09 
311 
428 
1,214 
649 
726 
383 

16,412 



PIERCE COUNTY. 



Rugby village 

Alexander township 

Barton township 

Klling township 

Elvernan . township 

Jefferson township 

Rosedale township 

Tuscorora township 

Norman township 

White township 

First Commissioner District . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 
Fourth Commissioner District 
Fifth Commissioner District 

Total 



1,072 
877 
S50 
256 
242 
S61 
115 
287 
865 
260 
693 
1,084 
1,114 
559 
649 

7,643 



RAMSEY COUNTY. 



Devils Lake city . . . . 
Churchs Ferry village 

Edmore village 

Crary 

Starkweather 

Bartlett village 

Bartlett township . . . . . 

Bergen township 

Coulee township 



2,867 
876 
348 
285 
194 
114 
280 
200 
897 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



365. 



RAMSEY— Continued. 



Cleveland township 

Dry Lake township 

DeGroat township 

Fancher township 

Freshwater township 

Grand Harbor township 

Hope township 

Highland township 

Lawton township 

Lake township 

Lillehoff township 

Minnewaukan township 

Morris township 

Norway township 

Noonan township 

Northfield township 

Newbre townshi]) 

Newland township 

Odessa township 

Ontario township 

Overland township 

Prospect township 

Pleasant township 

Royal township 

Sullivan township 

Stevens township *. . 

Webster township 

First Commissioner District . . 
Second Commissioner District 
Fourth Commissioner District 



Total 



184 

21S 

S8» 

846- 

886 

447 

161 

831 

894 

828: 

481 

68(V 

179- 

834 

810> 

886 

181 

809- 

843 

263- 

161 

19r 

196 

83r 

114 

856 

878 

116^ 

121 

148 

11,979 



RANSOM COUNTY. 



Lisbon city 

Enderlin city 

Sheldon village 

Big Bend township 

Owego township 

Preston township 

Liberty township 

Sandoun township 

Springer township 

Aliceton township 

Casey township 

Shenford township 

Fort Ransom township 

Rosemeade township 

Elliott township 

Sydna township 

Northland township 

Moore township 

Coburn township 

Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 
Fifth Commissioner District 
Township 136, range 64 .... 

Total 



1,868 
1,104 
888 
810 
874 
. 848 
285 
284 
246^ 
213 
874 
882 
499 
221 
194 
16r 
828 
814 
96^ 
888 
618 
209 
198 

8,684 



366 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



RICHLAND COUNTY. 



Antelope township . . . 
Abercrombie township 
Abercrombie village . . 
Brightwood township 
Barrie township .... 
Brandenberg township 
Bel ford township . . . . 
Colfax township .... 

Center township 

Dwight township 

DeVillo township . . . . 
Dexter township .... 
Danton township . . . . 

Elma township 

Eagle township 

Fairmount village ... 
Fairmount township . 
Freeman township . . 
Garfield township . . . . 
Greenfield township . 

Grant township 

Grafton township . . . . 
Garborg township . . . . 
Helendale township . . 

Hankinson city 

Homestead township , 

Ibsen township 

Liberty township .... 
Lidgerwood city .... 
LeMars township .... 
Mooreton township . . 
Moran townshio .... 

Park townsbip 

Summit township .... 
Sheyenne township . . 

Viking township 

Walcott townsbip . . . 
Wyndmere village ... 
Wyndmere township . 
West End township . 

Waldo township 

Wahpeton city 

Total 



272 

728 
857 
347 
407 
639 
333 
643 
383 
612 
288 
350 
321 
308 
773 
368 
407 
225 
378 
345 
371 
250 
278 
250 

1,047 
^f4. 
28.*» 
321 
749 
263 
338 
316 
041 
628 
204 

' 195 

1,085 
287 
268 
115 
186 

2,741 

19,379 



ROLETTE COUNTY. 



Rolla village 

St. John village 

Currie township , 

Fairview township , 

Gilbert township 

Kohlmeir township 

Ml Pleasant township 

First Commissioner District . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District . 
Fourth Commissioner District 

Total , 



661 
229 
188 
803 
400 
205 
884 
756 
922 
2,157 
787 

6,842 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



367 



SARGENT COUNTY. 



Bowen township . . 
Brampton township 
Cogswell township . 
Dunbar township . . 
Denver township . . 
Forman village . . . . 
Forman township . 
Harlem township . . 
Herman township . . 
Havana township . . 

Hall township 

Jackson township . . 
Kingston townsnip , 
Milnor township . . , 

Milnor village 

Marboe township . . 
Rutland township . . 
Ransom township . . 

Sargent 

Southwest township 
Sherman township . 
Taylor township . . . 
Tewaukon township 
Vivian township . . 
Verner township , . 
Willey township . . . 
White Stone Hill .. 
Weber township . . . 

Total 



255 

187 
290 
277 
135 
804 
134 
204 
804 
278 
475 
165 
435 
192 
437 
283 
252 
892 
224 
113 
830 
185 
880 
262 
211 
176 
275 
253 

7,414 



STARK COUNTY. 



First District .. 
Second District 
Third District . 
Dickinson city . 

Total ... 



2,516 
1,865 
3,766 
3,188 

11,335 



STEELE COUNTY. 



Broadlawn township . . 
Beaver Creek township 

Colgate township 

Carpenter township . . . 
Edendale township . . . 

Eaton township 

Enger township 

Finley village 

Finley township 

Franklin township .... 
Greenview township . . 
Golden Lake township 

Hugo township 

Hope city 



835 
393 
300 
188 
237 
193 
450 
817 
242 
252 
213 
281 
207 
776 



368 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



STEELE— Continued. 



Melrose township 

Riverside township . . . 
Newburgh township . . 
Primrose township . . . 

Sharon township 

Sherbrooke township . 
Willow Lake township 
Westfield township . . 

Total 



818 
800 
61S 
848 
419 
279 
286 
808 

6,898 



STUTSMAN COUNTY. 



Jamestown city 

Courtenay village 

Spiritwood village 

Courtenay township 

Bloom township 

Corinne township 

Kensal township 

Nogosek township 

First Commissioner District . . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 

Total 



5,098 
459 
207 
203 
168 
208 
510 
186 
805 
8,025 
8,717 

14,680 



TOWNER COUNTY. 



Alkins township 

Bisbee village 

Cando city 

Coolen township 

Grainfield township 

Lansing township 

Maza township 

Monroe township ^ 

Springfield township 

Commissioner District No. 2 
Commissioner District No. 3 . 
Commissioner District No. 4 
Commissioner District No. 5 

Total 



210 

860 

1,828 

204 

433 

170 

221 

159 

320 

862 

1,450 

1,121 

1,067 

7,906 



TRAIL COUNTY. 



Belmont township . . 
Blanchard township 
Bloomfield township 
Bohnsach township 
Buxton township . . , 
Caledonia township 



489 
898 
289 
644 
1,105 
888 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



369 



TRAILL— Continued. 



Eldorado township . , 
Elm River township 
Erwin township . . . 
Galesburg township , 
Garfield township . . 
Hillsboro township . 

Hatton City 

Hillsboro City 

Kelso^ township . . . . . 
Mayville township . . 

Mayville city 

Morgan township . . . 
Norman township . . , 
isorway township . . 
Portland township . 

Reynolds city 

Roseville township . 
Wold township .... 



Total 



886 
801 
381 
444 
443 
210 
550 

1,251 
261 
640 

1,218 
857 
456 
445 
547 
226 
750 
339 

12,812 



WALSH COUNTY. 



Ardoch village 

Adams township 

Ardock township 

Acton township 

Conway village 

Qeveland township . . . . , 

Dewey township 

Dundee township 

Edinburg township 

Eden township , 

Farmington township . . . 

Fertile township 

Forest River township . . 
Jforest River village . . . 
Feeble Minded Institute 

Grafton City 

Grafton township 

Glenwood township . . . . , 

Golden township 

Hoople village 

Harriston township .... 
Kensington township . . . 

Kinloss township , 

Lampton 

Latona township 

Martin township 

Med ford township 

Minto township 

Norton township 

Oakwood township 

Ops township 

Perth township 

Pisck village 

Pulaski township 

-24- 



2 



219 
380 
536 
442 
256 
313 
192 
441 
349 
258 
422 
468 
370 
246 
115 
,423 
564 
49ff 
322 
183 
401 
375 
316 
354 
294 
400 
222 
815 
369 
688 
326 
284 
193 
613 



370 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



WALSH— Continued. 



Rtuihford township . . . . 
Prairie Centre township 

Park River city 

Silvesta township 

Sauter township 

St. Andrews township 
Shepherd township .... 

Tiber township 

Vernon township 

Vesta township 

Walsh Center township 
Walshville township . . . 

'T'otal 



439 
499 
1,485 
S81 
284 
886 
488 
407 
840 
899 
894 
420 

20,266 



WARD COUNTY. 



Berthold township 

Bowbells township 

Brandon township 

Burt township 

Callahan township 

Carbondale township . . . 

Carpio village 

Carter township 

Clay township 

Clayton township 

Colquohun township . . . . 

Crowfoot township 

Dale township 

Denmark township 

DesLacs township 

Elmdale township 

Ensign township 

Eureka township 

Fairbanks township 

Fay township 

Foothills township , 

Forthum township 

Foxholm township 

Freedom township 

Grassland township . . . . 
Greenbush tOMmship . . . . 

Grover township 

Hamerly township 

Hamlet township 

Harmonious township . . 

Harrison township 

Idaho township 

Hurley township 

International township . 

Ivanhoe township 

Keller township 

Kenmare township 

Lake View 

Leaf Mountain township 
Lockwood township .... 
Lowland township 



189 
298 
197 
224 

203 
835 
374 
288 
181 
206 
446 
186 
287 
446 
296 
804 
251 
260 
898 
200 
185 
278 
200 
169 
218 
268 
191 
159 
216 
130 
261 
866 
281 
300 
277 
174 
344 
864 
103 
173 
219 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



371 



WARD — Continued. 



Manaan township 180 

Manitou township 130 

Margaret township 176 

Mayland township 250 

McKinley township 246 

Minnesota township 376 

Axuskego township 235' 

North Star township ^ 255 

Palermo township* 200 

Passport township • 213 

Plain township 219 

Portal city 606 

Prescott township 147 

Prosperity townsnip 223 

Ree township 228 

Richland township 326 

Rockford township 282 

Roosevelt township 266 

Roseland township 820 

Ross township 189 

Ryder township 156 

Sauk Prairie township 293 

Short Creek township 243 

Spencer township 359 

Snring Valley townsnip 297 

Surrev town^ip 876 

Tatman township 224 

Torning township 184 

Vale township 230 

Van Buren township 200 

Ward township 275 

Waterford township 232 

White Ash township 196 

White Earth township 150 

Donnybrook village 281 

McKinney village 299 

Glenburn village 195 

Bowbells village 547 

Flaxton township 197 

Second Commissioner District 622 

Third Commissioner District 484 

Fourth Commissioner District 8 , 698 

Fifth Commissioner District 2 , 855 

Minot citv 4,125 

Eden Valley township 266 

Kenmare village 1 , Oil 

Mohall village 409 

Norway township 173 

Total I 83,468 



WELLS COUNTY. 



Fessenden^ village 

Harvey village 

Wells township 

First Commissioner District . . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District . 

Total 



781 

803 

257 

2,772 

2,778 

2,091 

9,483 



372 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



WILLIAMS COUNTY. 



Ellendale township 

Equality township 

Golden Valley township 

Lindahl township 

Menton township 

Norway township 

Pleasant Valley township . . . . 

Rainbow township 

Ray village 

Sauk Valley township 

Spring Brook township 

Stony Creek township 

Tioga township 

Teska township 

Wheelock township 

Williston township 

Williston city 

Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District . . 
Fourth Commissioner District 
Fifth Commissioner District . 



Total 



186 
225 
142 

99 
249 

64 
100 
128 
195 

76 
155 
163 
196 
103 
200 
263 
1,125 
914 
970 
1,030 
379 



6,962 



POPULATION OF LEADING CITIES, 1905. 



Abercrombie . . 

Aneta 

Ashley 

Balfour 

Bathgate 

Bisbee 

Bismarck .... 
Bottineau .... 

Bowbells 

Cando 

Carrington . . . 
Casselton .... 

Cavalier , 

Churchs Ferry 

Conway 

Cooperstown . , 
Courtenay . . . . 

Crary 

Crystal 

Dazey 

Denhoff 

Devils Lake . 
Dicidnson . . . . 
Donnybrook . . 

Drajrton 

Edgeley 

Edmore 

Ellendale .... 

Enderlin 

Esmond 

Fairmount . . . 
Fargo 



12 



357 

643 

474 

522 

561 

360 

,913 

,227 

547 

,328 

,106 

,269 

744 

376 

256 

,002 

459 

285 

400 

281 

818 

,367 

,188 

281 

601 

416 

848 

,099 

,104 

581 

868 

,512 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



373 



POPULATION OF LEADING CITIES— Continued. 



Fessenden , 

Finley 

Forest River 

Forman 

Glenullin 

Grafton 

Grand^ Forks 

Granville 

Hankinson 

Harvey 

Hatton 

Hillsboro 

Hope 

Hunter 

Inkster 

Jamestown 

Kenmare 

Kulm 

Lakota 

LaMoure 

Langdon 

Lansford 

Larimore 

Leeds 

Lidgerwood 

Lisbon 

Litchville 

Mandan 

Mayville 

McHenry 

Merricourt 

Michigan * 

Milnor 

Minnewaukan 

Minot 

Mohall 

Neche 

New Rockford 

New Salem 

Northwood 

Oakes 

Omemee 

Osnabrock 

Page 4 

Park Rivt^r 

Pembina 

Portal 

Holla 

Rugby 

Sanborn 

Sheldon 

Fheyenne 

Souris 

St. Thomas 

Tower City 

Towner 

Valley City 

Velva 

Wahpcton 

Walhalla , 

Washburn , 



781 
817 
246 
804 
545 

2,428 

10,127 

500 

1.047 
80S 
550 

1.251 
776 
890 
482 

6.098 

1.011 
587 
900 
707 

1.544 
272 

1.635 
520 
749 

1.862 
285 

2,714 

1.212 
417 
899 
629 
487 
445 

4.126 
409 
618 
800 
627 
709 

1,808 
604 
897 
493 

1.436 
918 
606 
561 

1,072 
800 
838 
291 
852 
708 
461 
535 

4.059 
605 

2.741 
620 
898 



374 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



POPULATION OF LEADING CITIES— Continued. 



Westhope « 

WUliston 

Willow aty 

Wilton •. 

Wimbledon 

Wyndmerc 



630 

1.125 

076 

30» 

460 
287 



POPULATION BY COUNTIES, 1905. 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs '. 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Lonn 

McHenrv 

Mcintosh * 

McKenzie 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland , 

Rolette , 

Sargent , 

SUrk 

Steele , 

Stutsman 

Towner , 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells ; 

Williams 

Total 



15,720 
9,868 
2,685 

16,174 
9,875 

81,955 

15,761 
7,412 
8,906 
6,418 
4,748 

26,494 
5,993 
2,807 
7,715 
4,116 

15,281 
6.088 
1,868 

16,245 
2,191 

18,868 
9,501 
2,445 

16,412 
7,648 

11,979 
8,684 

19,879 
6,842 
7,414 

11,885 
6,898 

14,580 
7,905 

12,812 

20,265 

88,408 
9,482 
6.952 



487. 07a 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 375 



ALTITUDES IN NORTH DAKOTA. 

Feet. 

Bathgate 821 

Belfield 2.677 

Bismarck 1 ,677 

Bismarck (Missouri river, low water) 1 ,016 

Bottineau 1,644 

Burlington 1 ,586 

Butte St. Paul, Turtle Mountains (about) 2,300 

Cando 1,490 

Carrington 1 ,684 

C^asselton 980 

Churchs Ferry 1.461 

Cooperstown 1 ,428 

Coteau de Missouri 2 , 400 

Gladstone 2 ,846 

GlenuUin 2,070 

Devils Lake 1,467 

Dickinson ..: 2,403 

Driscoll 1,885 

Fargo 903 

Fessenden 1 ,607 

Ft. Berthold 1.773 

Grafton 824 

Grand Forks 826 

Grand Harbor 1,460 

Harvey 1,596 

Hillsboro 901 

Jamestown 1 ,408 

Renmare 1 ,793 

Lakota 1,514 

LaMoure 1 , 403 

Langdon 1 ,610 

Larimore 1 , 184 

Leeds 1,619 

Lisbon 1 ,091 

Little Missouri 2 ,255 

Mandan 1 , 644 

Milton .' 1,686 

Minnewaukan 1 , 461 

Minot 1,558 

Park River 998 

Pembina 763 

Portal 1,962 

Richardton 2,464 

Rugby 1,667 

Sentinel Butte 2,707 

Sheyenne river bed, N. P. crossing 1,409 

Sims 1,960 

Steele 1.867 

St. Johns 1,960 

Summit (Billings county) 2 , 880 

Valley City 1 ,227 

Velva 1,616 

Wahpeton 966 

Wilhston 1,960 

Willow Citv 1,478 

Winnipeg (Manitoba) 760 

Many of these elevations were taken at railroad levels at the re> 
spective placet. 



376 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VARIOUS MONEYS OF CIRCULATION. 

There are ten different kinds of money in circulation in the United 
States, namely, gold coin, standard silver dollars, subsidiary silver, 
gold certificates, silver certificates, treasury notes issued under the 
act of Julv 14, 1890; United States notes (also called greenbacks and 
legal tenders), national bank notes and nickel and bronze coins. 
These forms of money are all available as circulation. 

Gold coin is legal tender at its nominal or face value for all debts, 
public and private, when not below the standard weight and limit 
of tolerance prescribed ^y law; and when below such standard of toler- 
ance it is legal tender in proportion to its weight. 

Standard silver dollars are legal tender at their nominal or face 
value in payment of all debts,, public and private, without regard 
to the amount, except where otherwise expressly stipulated in the 
contract. 

Subsidiary silver is legal tender for amounts not exceeding $10 
in any one payment. Treasury notes of the act of July 14, 1890, 
are le^l tender for all debts, public and private, except where 
otherwise expressly stipulated in the contract. 

United States notes are legal tender for all debts, public and 
private, except duties on imports and interest on the public debt. 

Gold certificates, silver certificates and national bank notes are not 
legal tender, but such classes of certificates are receivable for all 
public dues, while national bank notes are receivable for all public 
dues except duties on imports, and may be paid out by the govern- 
ment for all salaries and other debts and demands owing by the 
United States to individuals, corporations and associations within the 
United States, except interest on the public debt and in redeimption 
of the national currency. All national banks are required by law to 
receive the notes of other national banks at par. 

The minor roins of nickel and copper are legal tender to the ex- 
tent of 25 rents. 

The coinage of the legal tender gold was authorized by the first 
coinage act, passed by congress April 2, 1792. The gold unit of 
value is the dollar, which contains 25.8 grrains of standard gold, 
900 fine. The amount of fine gold in the dollar is 23.22 grains, and 
the remainder of the weight is an alloy of copper. 

The silver unit is the dollar, which contains 412^ grains of stand^^ 
ard silver 900 fine. The amount of fine silver in the dollar is 871^ 
grains, and there are 41^ grains of copper alloy. 






THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. 

THE EXECUTIVE. 

President William Howard Taft, of Ohio 

Vice President Tames S. Sherman, of New York 

Secretary to the President Fred W. Carpenter, of California 

THE CABINET. 

Secretary of State Philander Chase Knox, of New York 

Secretary of the Treasury Franklin MacVeagh, of Illinois 

Secretary of War '.Jacob McGavock Dickinson, of Tennessee 

Attorney General .... George Woodward Wickersham , of Pennsylvania 

Postmaster General Frank Harris Hitchcock , of Massachusetts 

Secretary of the Navy . . Georjfe von Lengerke Meyer , of Massachusetts 
Secretary of the Interior ..Richard Achilles Balhnger, of Washington 

Secretary of Agriculture James Wilson, of Iowa 

Secretary of Commerce and Labor Charles Nagel, of Missouri 

[The salary of the president is $50,000 a year; the salary of the 
vice president and each of the members of the cabinet is $12,000; the 
secretary to the president receives $6,000 a year.] 

DEPARTMENT OF STATE. 

Secretary of State Philander C. Knox 

Assistant Secretary Huntingdon Wilson 

Second Assistant Secretary Alvey A. Adee 

Third Assistant Secretary William Philips 

Assistant Solicitors — William C. Dennis, Joshua Reuben Clark, Jr. 
Chief Clerk — Wilbur J. Carr. 
Disbursing Qerk — Thomas Morrison. 
•Chiefs of Bureaus — 

Appointments — Miles M. Shad. 
Citizenship — Richard M. Flournay, Jr. 
Consular — Herbert C. Hengstler. 
Diplomatic — Sydney Y. Smith. 
Indexes and Archives — John R. Buck. 
Rolls and Library — William McNeir. 
Trade Relations — ^John Ball Osborne. 

Translators — ^John S. Martin, Jr., Wilfred Stevens. 

Private Secretary to the Secretary of State — E. J. Babcock. 

X.aw Clerk — ^James T. DuBois. 

Assistant — Henry L. Bryan. 

Director Bureau of American Republics — ^John Barrett. 

TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 

Secretary of the Treasury Franklin MacVeagh 

Assistant Secretary • James B. Reynolds 

Assistant Secretary Louis A. Coolidge 

Chief Clerk— Walter W. Ludlow. 

Private Secretary to the Secretary of the Treasury — Robert O. Bailey. 



378 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Chiefs of Divisions: • 

Appointments — Charles Lyman. 
Bookkeeping and Warrants — W. F. MacLcnnan. 

Customs — Charles P .Montgomery. 

Loans and Currency — ^A. T. Hunting^ton. 

Mails and Files — S. M. Gaines. 

Printing and Stationery — George Simmons. 

Public Moneys — E. B. Daskam. 

Special Agent — George W. Maher. 

Disbursing Clerks — W. S. Richards, J. W. Townsend. 

Supervising Architect — ^James K. Taylor. 

Director Bureau of Engraving and Printing — ^Joseph E. Ralph. 

Chief of Secret Service Division — John E. Wilkie. 
. General Superintendent of Life Saving Service — S. I. KimbalL 

Comptroller of the Treasury — Robert J. Tracewell. 

Register of the Treasury — William T. Vernon. 

Auditor for the Treasury Department — W. E. Andrews. 

Auditor for the War Department — Benjamin F. Harper. 

Auditor for the Interior Department — Robert S. Person. 

Auditor for the Navy L/epartment — Ralph W. Taylor. 

Auditor for State and other Departments — Caleb R. Layton. 

Auditor for the Post Office Department — Merritt O. Chance. 

Treasurer of the United States — Charles H. Treat. 

Superintendent National Bank Redemption Agency — ^Thomas E. Rogers.. 

Comptroller of the Currency — Laurence O. Murray. 

Deputy Comptrollers of the Currency — Thomas P. Kane, Willis J. 
Fowler. 

Commissioner of Internal Revenue — ^John G. Capers. 

Deputy Commissioners of Internal Revenue — Robert Williams, Jr., 
James C. Wheeler. 

Director of the Mint — Frank A. Leach. 

Surgeon General, Bureau of Public Health and Marine Hospital Ser- 
vice — Walter Wyman. 

Chief of Revenue Cutter Service — Captain Commandant Worth G. Ross. 

Collector of the Port Custom House — Howard S. Nyman. 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 

Secretary of War Jacob McGavock Dickinson 

Assistant Secretary Robert Shaw Oliver 

Assistant and Chief Clerk .John C. SchofieU) 

Private Secretary to Secretary of War — Walter R. Pedigo. 

Qerk to Assistant Secretary — Robert E. Parker. 

Clerk to the Assistant and Chief Clerk — ^John B. Randolph. 

Disbursing Clerk — Sydney E. Smith. 

Appointment Clerk — ^William D. Searle. 

Chiefs of Divisions: 

Correspondence — ^John T. Dillon. 

Record — Frank M. Hoadley. 

Requisition and Accounts — George R. Taylor. 

Supply — Martin R. Thorp. 

Adjutant General — Maj. Gen. F. C. Ainsworth. 
Inspector General — Brig. Gen. E. A. Garlington. 
Judge Advocate General — Brier. Gen. George B. Davis. 

Buarterm aster General — Brig. Gen. James B. Aleshire. 
[>mmissanr General — Brig. Gen. Henry G. Sharpe. 
Surgeon General — Brig. oen. George H. Lomev. 
Pajrmaster General — Brig. Gen. Charles H. Whipple. 
Chief of Engineers — Brig. Gen. W. L. Marsnall. 
Chief of Ordnance — Brig. Gen. William Crozier. 
Chief Signal Officer — Brig. Gen. James Allen. 
Chief of Artillery — Brig. Gen. Arthur Murray. 
Chief Bureau of Insular Affairs — Brig. Gen. Clarence R. Edwards. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 379 



DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE. 

Attorney General George Woodward Wickcrsham 

Assistant to the Attorney General Wade H. Ellis 

Solicitor General Henrv M. Hoyt 

Assistant Attorneys General — ^John G. Thompson, Charles W. Russell, 

James A. Fowler, Wm. Wallace Brown, John O. Thompson, 

Alfred W. Cooley. 
Assistant Attorney General, Interior Department — Geo. W. Woodruff. 
Assistant Attorney General, Post Of nee Department — Russel P. 

Goodwin. 
Law Qerk and Examiner of Titles — Reeves T. Strickland. 
Solicitor of the Treasury — Maurice D. 0*Connell. 
Solicitor of Internal Revenue — Fletcher Maddox. 
Solicitor of Department Commerce and Labor — Charles Earl. 

POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT. 

Postmaster General Frank Harris Hitchcock 

First Assistant Charles P. Grandfield 

Second Assistant Joseph Stewart 

Third Assistant Abraham L. Lawshe 

Fourth Assistant P. V. DcGraw 

Chief Clerk— Richard P. Covert. 
Chief Post Office Inspector — Frank E. McMillin. 
Superintendent of Railway Mail Service — ^Alexander Grant. 
Superintendent ivural Delivery — William R. Spilman. 
Superintendent of Dead Letter Office — James R. Young. 
Superintendent of Money Order System — Edward F. Kimball. 

NAVY DEPARTMENT. 

Secretary of the Navy George von Lengerke Meyer 

Assistant Secretary Beekman Winthrop 

Chief Clerk F. S. Curtis 

BUREAU CHIEFS AND DEPARTMENT OFFICERS. 

Navigation — Rear-Admiral John E. Pillsbury. 
Equipment — Rear Admiral Wm. S. Cowles. 
Ordnance — Rear-Admiral N. E. Mason. 
Medicine and Surgery — Surg. Gen. Gen. P. M. Rixey. 
'Supplies and Accounts — Paymaster General Eustace B. Rogers. 
Steam Engineering — Rear-Admiral Hutch I. Cove. 
Construction and Repair — Chief Constructor Washington Lee Capps. 
Yards and Docks — Civil Engineer R. C. Hollyday. 
Judge Advocate General — Captain Edward H. Campbell. 

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. 

Secretary of the Interior Richard A. Ballinger 

First Assistont Secretary Frank Pierce 

Assistant Secretary Jesse E. Wilson 

Chief Clerk Frank Bond 

Commissioner of General Land Office — Fred Dennett. 
Assistant Commissioner — Samuel v. Proudfit. 
Chief Law Clerk Land Department — ^James W. Witten. 
Chief of Field, Land Department — Henry W. Schwartz. 
Commissioner of Pensions — V^espasian Warner. 
First Deputy Commissioner — Tames L. Davenport. 
Commissioner of Patents — Edward B. Moore. 
Commissioner of Education — Elmer E. ^ Brown. 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs — Francis E. Leupp. 
Director of Geological iurvey — George Otis Smith. 
Director of Reclamation Service — Frederick H. Newell, 



380 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 

Secretary of Agriculture Tames Wilson 

Assistant Secretary Willet M. Hays 

Chief Clerk— Sylvester R. Burch. 

Solicitor — George P. McCabe. 

Chief of Weather Bureau — Willis L. Moore. 

Chief of Bureau of Animal Industry — Alonzo D. Melvin. 

Chief of Bureau of Plant Industry — B. T. Galloway. 

Chief of Bureau of Forestry — Gi fiord Pinchot. 

Chief of Bureau of Chemistry — Harvey W. Wiley. 

Chief of Bureau of Soils — Milton Whitney. 

Chief of Bureau of Entomolo^ — L. O. Howard. 

Chief of Bureau of Biological Survey — C. Hart Merriam. 

i/ircctor of Office of Experiment Stations — ^A. C. True. 

Chief of Division of Publications — ^Joseph A. Arnold. 

Director of Office of Public Roads — Logan W. Page. 

Chief of Bureau of Statistics — Victor H. Olmstead. 

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND LABOR. 

Secretary of Commerce and Labor Charles Nagel 

Assistant Secretary William R. Wheeler 

Chief Clerk — Theodore L. Weed. 

Commissioner of Corporations — Herbert Knox Smith. 

Commissioner of Labor — Charles P. Neill. 

Commissioner General of Immigration — Daniel J. Keefe. 

Superintendent Coast and Geodetic Survey — Otto H. Tittman. 

Chief Division of Naturalization — Richard K. Campbell. 

Chief of the Bureau of Manufactures — ^John M. Carson. 

Chief of. the Bureau of Information — T. V. Powderly. 

Su|)ervising Inspector General of Steam Vessels — George Uhler. 

Director ^ of the Bureau of Standards — S. W. Stratton. 

Commissioner of Navigation — E. T. Chamberlain. 

Director of the Census — E. u. Durand. 

Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries — Geo. M. Bowers. 

INDEPENDENT COMMISSIONS AND OFFICERS. 

INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION. 

Commissioners — Martin A. Knapp, of New York, chairman; Judson 
C. Clements, of Georgia; Cnarles A. Prouty, of Vermont; Francis 
M. Cockrell, of Missouri; Franklin K. Lane, of California; Edgar 
E. Clark, of Iowa; James S. Harlan; of Illinois. 

Secretary — Edward A. Moseley. 

CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION. 

Commissioners — ^John C. Black, president; Henry F. Greene, John 

A. Mcllhenny. 
Chief Examiner — George *.v. Wales. 
Secretary — ^John T. Doyle. 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE. 
Public Printer — Samuel B. Donnelly. 



illy. 
Deputy Public Printer — Henry T. Brian. 

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. 

Librarian — Herbert Putnam. 

Chief Assistant — Appleton P. C . Griffin. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 381 



ISTHMIAN CANAL COMMISSION. 

General Purchasing Officer and Chief of Office — Capt. F. C. Boggs» 
Corps of Engineers, U. S. 

Commissioners on the Isthmus — Lieut. Col. Geo. W. Goethals, Corps- 
of Engineers, U. S. A., Chairman and Chief Engineer, Culebra; 
Lieut. Col. H. T. Hodges, Corps of Engineers, U. S. A., Assist- 
ant Chief Engineer, Culebra; Maj. D. D. Gaillard. Corps of En- 
gineers, U. S. A-, Division Engineer of Central Division, Em- 
pire; Maj. William L. Sibert, Corps of Engineers, U. S. A., 
Division Engineering of Atlantic Division, Gatun; H. H. Ros- 
seau, U. S. N. , Assistant to the Chairman, Culebra; J. C. S. 
Blackburn, head of the De^^artment of Civil Administration, An- 
con; Col. Wm. C. Gorgas, Medical Department, U. S. A., head of 
the Department of Sanitation, Ancon. 

Secretary — ^Joseph Bucklin Bishop, Ancon. 
Chief Quartermaster — Maj. C. A. Deval, U. S. A., Culebra. 
Disbursing Officer — Edward J. Williams, Empire. 
Examiner of Accounts — ^Walter Vv. Warwick, Empire. 

COMMISSION TO THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS. 

President and Governor General of the Islands — ^James F. Smith. 
Vice Governor — W. Cameron Forbes. 
Executive Secretary — Frank W. Carpenter. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



PRESIDENTS OP THE UNITED STATES. 



Name and Birthplace 




InauE'd 


Politics 


Died 










Age 






Year 


Age 








2 John Adams. HasiachHietts. . 


1732 


Ttm 


~ 


Federal 


Ttm 


~ 


17S5 


179) 


as 


Federal 


1881 




a Thomas JeRei»n, Virginia.. 








Republ 






4 James Madison, Virginia.... 


1761 


1806 


6E 


Eepub 


1881 


88 


G James Monroe, Virginia 








Repub 






8 Martin Van Biiren , New York 


17S7 






Repubt 




SO 


1787 






D(^.. 












Dett.. 


ISBi 




e*Wm. H. Harrison, Virginia.. 


1TT3 


1841 


as 






as 


10 John Tyler. Vir<{ima 






5 








11 Tas. K. Polk, North Carolina 






B 


Den.;.* 


1841 


81 


ISJZachary Taylor, Vir^nia .... 
IS Millard Fillmore, New York. 






as 


Whig- 








1850 


60 


Whig.. 










1853 




I>~* 


188! 




IS Jai. Buchanan. Pennsylvania. 








D 




7T 


IBtAbraham Lincoln. Kentucky. 








R 


i8ai 


88 


IT Andrew Johnson. N. Carolina 
IS Ulysses S. Grant, Ohio .... 








R 




88 


18S3 


1869 


4T 


R. 


1S8E 


88 


19 Rutherford B. Hayes. Ohio.. 




18T7 


64 


R 


1B9! 




SOIJames A. Garfield, Ohio 

21 Chester A. Arthur, Vermont. 








R. 














188* 


68 


23 Graver Cleveland, New jersey 
2S Benjamin Harrison, Ohio ... 






48 


D 


1908 




183S 


isae 


SB 


Repnb. 


ISO! 




34 Grover Cleveland. New Jersey 


1881 




aa 


Dem.. 


1908 




M-William McKinley, Ohio .. 
2« Theodore Roosevelt. N. York 








Repub. 


1901 


88 






4S 


Repnh. 






27 Wtn. H. Taft. Ohio 


"" 


1909 


as 


Repub. 







1 office, April 1, 1 
a office. July 9, 



t Assassinated , 
eeeded him. 

n Assassinated and died September 10. 1881. 



'hen Vice President Tyler succeeded 
when Vice President Fillmore sue- 
when Vice Preaident Johnson sui- 
Vice President 



rmocratic party of today c 
party and President Jeffei 

Icy'^d^>r"He ch."™?™ 
f decidedly Federalistic. 



I lineal descent from the first 
as its founder. 

t the time of the election of 
< a republican, but bis doc- 
opposition to hisadministn- 

14, 1901, when Vke Pred- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



383 



VICE PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



Name and Birthplace 



Born 



Inaug. 



Politics 



Died 



Age 



1 John Adams, Massachusetts. . 

2 Thomas Jefferson, Virginia . 

3 Aaron Burr, New Jersey .... 
4 'George Clinton, New York .. 
5*Elbridge Gerry, Massachusetts 
6 Daniel D. Tompkins, N. York 
TtJohn C. Calhoun, S. Carolina 

8 Martin Van Buren, New York 

9 Richard M. Johnson, Ky.... 

lOtJohn Tyler, Virginia 

11 Geo. M. Dallas, Pennsylvania 
12IlMillard Fillmore, New York . 
135* Wm. B. King, N. Carolina. 

14 John C. Breckenridge, Kent'y 

15 Hannibal Hamlin, Maine ... 
169Andrew Johnson, N. Carolina 
17 Schuyler Colfax, New York. 
18*Henry Wilson, N. Hampshire 
19 Wm. A. Wheeler, New York 
20**Chester A. Arthur, Vermont 
21*Thomas A. Hendricks, Ohio. 

22 Levi P. Morton, Vermont .. 

23 Aalai E. Stevenson, Kentucky 

24 Garret A. Hobart, New Jersey 
25»»*Thcodore Roosevelt, N. York 

26 Charles W. Fairbanks, Ohio. 

27 James S. Sherman, N. York 



1735 
1743 
1756 
1739 
1744 
1774 
1782 
1782 
1780 
1790 
1792 
1800 
1786 
1821 
1809 
1808 
1823 
1812 
1819 
1830 
1819 
1824 
1835 
1844 
1858 
1852 
1855 



1789 
1797 
1801 
1805 
1813 
1817 
1825 
1833 
1837 
1841 
1845 
1849 
1853 
1857 
1861 
1865 
1869 
1873 
1877 
1881 
1885 
1889 
1893 
1897 
1901 
1905 
1909 



Federal... 
Republican 
Republican 
Republican 
Republican 
Republican 
Republican 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 

Whig 

Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Republican 
Republican 
Republican 
Republican 
Republican 
Republican 
Democrat.. 
Republican 
Democrat.. 
Republican 
Republican 
Republican 
Republican 



1826 


90 


1826 


83 


1836 


80 


1812 


73 


1814 


70 


1825 


51 


1850 


68 


1862 


79 


1850 


70 


1862 


72 


1864 


72 


1874 


74 


1853 


67 


1875 


54 


1891 


81 


1875 


66 


1885 


62 


1875 


63 


1887 


68 


1886 


56 


1885 


66 



1899 



55 



* Died in office. 
t Resigned December 28, 1832. 
t Became president by death of Harrison. 
S Ex officio as president pro tern of the senate. 
II Became president by death of Taylor. 
tl Became president by death of Lincoln. 
** Became president by death of Garfield. 
* ••Became president by death of McKinley. 



THE JUDICIARY. 

SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES. 

Chief Justice of the United States— Melville W. Fuller, of Illinois, 

Bom 1833, Appointed 1888. 

Associate Justice — ^John M. Harlan, Kentucky 1833 1877 

Associate Justice — Oliver Wendell Holmes, Massachusetts 1841 . 1902 

Associate Justice — David J. Brewer Kansas 1837 1889 

Aissociate Justice — Wm. H. Moody, Masachusetts . . . 1853 1906 

Associate Justice — Wililam R. Day, Ohio 1849 1903 

Associate Justice — Edward D. White, Louisiana 1846 1894 

Associate Justice — Rufus W. Peckham, New York ... 1838 1895 

Associate Justice — ^Joseph McKenna, California 1843 1898 

Reporter — Charles Henry Butler. 
Clerk— J. H. McKenney, D. C. 
Marshal — ^John M. Wright, Kentucky. 

The salary of the chief justice of the United States is $13,000; 
associate Justices, $12,500 each; of the reporter, $4,500; marshal, 
^3,600; clerk of the supreme court, $6,000. 



1 



384 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



CIRCUIT COURTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 

1. Le Baron B. Colt, Rhode Island. 
William L. Putnam, Maine. 
Frances C. Lowell, Massachusetts. 

2. Henry G. Ward. New ^ork. 
E. Henry Lacombe, New York. 
Walter C. Noyes, Connecticut. 
Alfred C. Coxe, New^York. 

8. Jos. Buffington, Pennsylvania. 

George M. Dallas, Pennsylvania. 

George Gray, Delaware. 
4. Nathan Goff, West Virginia. 

Jeter C. Pritchard, North Carolina. 
6. I>on A. Pardee, Georgia. 

Andrew P. McCormick, Texas. 

David D. Shelby, Louisiana. 

6. Henry F. Severens, Michigan. 
Horace H. Lurton, Tennessee. 
John K. Richards, Ohio. 

7. W. H. Seaman, Wisconsin. 
James G. Jenkins, Wisconsin. 
C. C. Kohlsaat, Illinois. 
Peter S. Grosscup, Illinois. 
Francis E. Baker, Indiana. 

8. Willis Van Devanter, Wyoming. 
Walter H. Sanborn, Minnesota. 
Elmer B. Adams, Missouri. 
William C. Hook, Kansas. 

9. William W. Morrow, California. 
William B. Gilbert, Oregon. 
Erskinc M. Ross, California. 

Salaries, $7,000 each. The judges of each circuit and the justice 
of the supreme court for the circuit constitute a circuit court of 
appeals. The First circuit consists of Maine, Massachusetts, New 
Ilamphire, Rhode Island. Second — Connecticut, New York, Ver- 
mont. Third — Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania. Fourth — ^Mary- 
land, North Carolina { South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia. 
Fifth — Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas. 
Sixths — Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, Tennessee. Seventh — Iltinoifi, 
Indiana, Wisconsin. Eighth — Arkansas, Colorado, Oklahoma, Iowa, 
Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico. North Da- 
kota, South Dakota. Utah, Wyoming. Ninth — ^Alaska, Arizona, Cali- 
fornia, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Washing^ton and Hawaii. 

UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 

Chief Justice — Stanton J. Peelle, Ind. , salary, $6,500. Associate 
Judges — F. W. Booth, Illinois; G. W. Atkinson, West Virginia; Samuel 
S. Barney, Wis.; Charles B. Howry, Miss. Salaries, $6,000 each. 
Chief Clerk — Archibald Hopkins. Mass.. $3,000. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 385 

/ 

UNITED STATE DISTRICT JUDGES. 

(Annual Salary, $6,000.) 

Alabama— (M. D.) T. O. Jones. Montgomery; (S. D.) H. T. Toul- 
min, Mobile; (N. D.) Oscar R. Hundley, Birmingham. 

Alaska — R. A. Gunnison, Juneau; Alfred S. Moore, Nome; Silas 
H. Reid, Eagle Qty. 

Arizona — Edward Kent, Phoenix. 

Arkansas— (E. D.) Jacob Tricber, Little Rock; (W. D.) J. H. 
Rogers, Fort Smith. 

California— (N. D.) J. T. DcHaven and W. C. Van Fleet, San 
Francisco; (S. D.) O. WeUbom, Los Angeles. 

Colorado — R. E. Lewis, Denver. 

Connecticut — ^Jas. P. Piatt, Hartford. 

Delaware — E. G. Bradford, Wilmington. 

Florida — Wm. B. Sheppard, Pensacola; (S. D.) J. W. Locke, Jack- 
sonville. 

Georgia— (N. D.) W. T. Newman, Atlanta; (S. D.) Emory Speer, 
Macon. 

Hawaii — Alfred S. Hartwell, Honolulu. 

Idaho — Frank S; Dietrich, Boise City. 

Illinois— (N. D.) S. H. Bethea, K. M. Landis, Chicago; (S. D.> 
J. O. Humphery, Soringrtficld; (E. D.) F. M. Wright, Urbana. 

Indian Territory— (N. D.) J. A. Gill, Vinita; L. F. Parker, Vinita; 
(C. D.) W. H. H. Clayton, McAlister: T. C. Humphery. McAlister;. 
(S D.) H. Townsend, Ardmore; J. T. Dickerson, Chickasha; (\V. D.) 
C. W. Raymond, Muscogee ; L. Sulsbacher, Muscogee. 

Indiana — A. B. Anderson, Indianapolis. 

Iowa— (N. D.) H. T. Reed, Cresco; (S. D.) Smith McPherson, 
Red Oak. 

Kansas — ^John C. Pollock, Topeka. 

Kentucky— (E. D.) A. M. J. Cochran, Mayville; (W. D.) W. Evans, 
Louisville. 

Louisiana — (E. D.) E. D. Saunders, New Orleans; fW. D.) A» 
Boarman, Shreveport. 

Maine — Clarence Hale, Portland. 

Maryland — Thomas J. Morris, Baltimore. 

Massachusetts — F. Dodge , Boston. 

Michigan— (E. D.) Hy H. Swan, Detroit; (W. D.) L. E. Knap- 
pen , Grand Rapids. 

Minnesota — M. D. Purdy, Minneapolis; Page Morris, Duluth. 

Mississippi — (N. and S. D.) Henry C. rules, Kosciusko. 

Missouri— (E. D.) D. P. Dyer, St. Louis; (W. D.) J. F Philips^ 
Kansas City. 

Montana — William H. Hunt, Helena. 

Nebraska — William H. Munger, Omaha; Thomas C. Munger, Lin- 
coln. 

Nevada — E. S.* Farrington, Carson City. 

New Hampshire — E. Aldrich, Littleton. 

New Jersey — ^W. M. Lanning, Trenton; Jos. Cross, Elizabeth. 

New Mexico — W. J. Mills, Las Vegas. 

New York— (N. D.) George W. Kay, Utica; (S. D.) George B. 
Adams, New York City; (E. D.) T. I. Chatfield, Brooklyn; (W. 
D.) John R. Hazel, Buffalo; G. C. Holt, New York; C. M. Hough, 
New York City. 

North Carolina— (E. D.) T. R. Purcell, Raleigh; (W. D.) J. E, 
Boyd , Greensboro. 

North Dakota — C. F. Amidon, Fargo. 

Ohio— (N. D.) A. J. Ricks; R. W. Taylor, Qeveland; (S. D.) A. 
C. Thompson, Cincinnati; J. E. Slater. Cincinnati 

Oklahoma— (E. D.) Ralph E. Campbell, South McAlister; (W. D.) 
J. H. Cotterall, Guthrie. 

Oregon — C. E. Wolverton, Portlandr 

-25- 



386 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Pennsylvania— (E. D.) J. B. McPherson, Philadelphia; J. B. Hol- 
land, Philadelphia; (M. D.) R. W. Archibald, Scranton; (W. D.) 
J. S. Young, Pittsburg. 

Porto Rico — ^Jose Severo Quinones, San Juan. 

Rhode Island — A. L. Brown, Providence. 

South Carolina — W. H. Brawley, Charleston. 

South Dakota — J. n. Carland, Sioux Falls. 

Tennessee — (E. and M. D.) E. T. Sanford, Chattanooga; (W. D.) 
J. E. McCall, Memphis. 

Texas— (N. D.) E. R. Meek, Fort Worth (S. D.) W. T. Burns, 
Houston; (E. D.) D. E. Bryant, Sherman; (W. D.) T. S. Maxcy, 
Austin. 

Utah — ^John A. Marshall, Salt Lake City. 

'Vermont — J. L. Martin, Brattleboro. 

Virginia— (E. D.) E. Waddill, Jr., Richmond; (W. D.) H. C. 
McDowell , Lynchburg. 

Washington— (W. D.) C. H. Hanaford, Seattle; (E. D.) E. Whit- 
son, Spokane. 

West Virginia— (N. D.) A. G. Dayton,' Philippi; (S. D.) B. F. 
Keller, Bramwcll. 

Wisconsin— (E. D.) J. V. Quarles, Milwaukee; (W. D.) A. L. 
Sanborn, Madison. 

Wyoming — ^John A. Riner, Cheyenne. 

JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT. 
(•Chief •Justices.) 



Name 



Services 



Term 



Yrs. 



Born 



Died 



•John Jay, N. Y 

John Rutledge, S. C 

William Gushing, Massachusetts . . 

James Wilson , Pennsylvania 

John Blair, Virginia 

Robert H. Harrison, Maryland ... 
James Iredell, North Carolina .... 

Thomas Johnson , Maryland 

William Paterson, New Jersey ... 
•John Rutledge, South Carolina . . 

Samuel Chase , Maryland 

Oliver Ellsworth, Connecticut .... 
Bushrod Washington, Virginia ... 
Alfred Moore, North Carolina .... 

•John Marshall, Virginia 

William Johnson, South Carolina . 

Brock Livingstone, N. Y 

Thomas Todd , Kentucky 

Joseph Story , Massachusetts 

Gabriel Duval , Maryland 

Smith Thompson , New York 

Robert Trimble , Kentucky 

John McLean, Ohio 

Henry Baldwin , Pennsylvania .... 

James M. Wayne, Georgia 

•Rojjer B. Taney, Maryland 

Philip P. Barbour, Virginia 

John Catron, Tennessee 



1789 

1789 

1789 

1780 

1789 

1789 

1790 

1791 

1793 

1796 

1796 

1796 

1798- 

1799 

1801- 

1804- 

1806 

1807- 

1811- 

1811- 

1^23 

1826- 

1829- 

1830- 

1835- 

1836- 

18.36- 

1837 



•1795 

1791 

■1810 

1798 

1796 

1790 

1799 

1793 

1806 

1795 

1811 

1800 

1829 

1804 

1835 

1834 

1823 

1826 

1845 

1836 

1843 

1828 

1861 

1844 

1867 

1864 

1841 

1865 I 



6 


1745 


2 


1739 


21 


1783 


9 


1742 


7 


1732 


1 


1746 


9 


1751 


2 


1732 


13 


1745 


• • 


1739 


15 


1741 


6 


1745 


31 


1762 


5 


1765 


34 


1765 


30 


1771 


17 


1757 


19 


1765 


34 


1779 


25 


1752 


20 


1767 


2 


1777 


32 


1785 


16 


1779 


32 


1790 


28 


1777 


5 


1783 



28 I 1786 



1829 

1800 

1810 

1798 

1800 

1790 

1799 

1819 

1806 

1800 

1811 

1807 

1829 

1810 

1835 

1834 

1823 

1826 

1845 

1844 

1848 ' 

1828 

1861 

1844 

1867 

1864 

1841 

1866 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



387 



JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT-Continued. 





Services 






Name 






Born 


Died 




Term 


Yrs. 






John McKinley, Alabama 


1837-1852 


16 


1780 


1852 


Peter V. Daniels, Virginia 


1841-1860 


19 


1785 


1860 


Samuel Nelson, New York 


1845-1872 


27 


1792 


1873 


Levi Woodbury, New Hampshire .. 


1845-1851 


6 


1789 


1851 


Robert C Grier, Pennsylvania .... 


1846-1870 


23 


1794 


1870 


Benjamin R. Curtis, Massachusetts 


1S51-1867 


6 


1809 


1874 


Tohn A. Campbell, Alabama 

Nathan Clifford , Maine 


1863-1861 


8 


1811 


1889 


1858-1881 


23 


1803 


1881 


Noah H. Swayne, Ohio 


- 1861-1881 


20 


1804 


1884 


Samuel F. Miller « Iowa 


1862-1890 


28 


1816 


1890 


David Davis, Illinois 


1862-1877 


15 


1815 


1885 


Stephen t Field, California 


1863-1897 


34 


1816 


1899 


*Salmon P. Chase, Ohio 


1864-1878 


9 


1808 


1878 


William Strong, Pennsylvania .... 


1870-1880 


10 


1808 


1895 


Joseph P. Bradley, New Jersey . . 


1870-1892 


22 


1813 


1892 


Ward Hunt. New York 


1872-1882 


10 


1811 


1886 


♦Morrison R. Waite, Ohio 


1874-1888 


14 


1816 


1888 


John M. Harlan, Kentucky 

William B. Woods, Georgia 


1877- 


• • 


1838 




1880-1887 


7 


1824 


1887 


Stanley Matthews, Ohio 


1881-1889 


8 


1824 


1889 


Horace Gray, Massachusetts 


1881-1902 


• • 


1828 


1902 


Samuel Blatchford, New York ... 


1882-1893 


11 


1820 


1893 


Lucius Q. C. Lamar, Mississippi . . 


1888-1893 


5 


1825 


1893 


•Melville W. Fuller, Illinois .... 


looo*. ... 




1833 




David J. Brewer, Kansas 


xooV- .... 




1837 




Henry B. Brown , Michigan 


1890-1906 




1836 




George Shiras, Jr., Pennsylvania . 


1892-1903 




1832 




Howell E. Jackson, Tennessee .... 


1893-1895 


2 


1832 


1895 


Edward D. White, Louisiana .... 


1894- 




1845 




Rufus W. Peckham, New York .. 


1895-.... 




1838 




Joseph McKenna. California 


1898- 




1843 




Oliver Wendell Holmes, Mass 


1902- 




1841 1 




W. R. Day, Ohio 


1903- 




1849 




W. H. Moody, Massachusetts .... 


1906- 




1853 





388 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



UNITED STATES CABINET OmCERS. 

(State and date of appointment.) 
SECRETARIES OF STATE. 



Thomas Jefferson » Virginia 

Edmund Randolph, Virginia 

Timothy Pickermg, Massachusetts . 
Timothy Pickering, Massachusetts . 

John Marshall , Virginia 

James Madison, Virginia 

Robert Smith , Maryland 

James Monroe, Virginia 

John Quincy' Adams, Massachusetts 

Henr^ Clay, Kentucky 

Martin Van Buren , New York .... 
Edward Livingston, Louisiana .... 

Louis McLane, Delaware 

John Forsyth , Georg^ , 

John Forsyth , Georgia , 

Daniel Webster, Massachusetts .... 
Daniel Webster, Massachusetts .... 
Hugh S. Legare, South Carolina . . 

Abel P. Upshur, Virginia 

John C. Calhoun, South Carolina .. 
James Buchanan , Pennsylvania .... 

John M. Clayton , Delaware 

Daniel Webster . Massachusetts 

Edward Everett, Massachusetts .... 

William L. Marcy. New York 

Lewis Cass, Michigan 

Jeremiah S. Black. Pennsylvania . . 
William H. Sewara, New York .... 
William H. Seward, New York . . . . 

Elihu B. Washubrn, Illinois 

Hamilton Fish, New York 

William M. Evarts, New York . . . . 

James G. Blaine, Maine 

F . T. Frelinghuysen , New Jersey . . 

Thomas F. Bayard, Delaware 

James G. Blaine, Maine 

John W. Foster, Indiana 

Vv alter Q. Gresham, Illinois 

Richard Olney, Massachusetts 

John Sherman, Ohio 

William R. Day, Ohio 

John Hay, Indiana 

John Hay, Indiana 

John Hay, Indiana 

Elihu Root, New York 

Philander Knox, Pennsylvania .... 



1789 

1794 

1795 

1797 

1800 

1801 

1809 

1811 

1817 

1826 

1829 

1881 

1833 

1834 

1837 

1841 

1841 

1843 

1843 

1844 

1845 

1849 

1850 

1852 

1853 

1857 

1861 

1861 

1865 

1869 

1869 

1877 

1881 

1881 

1885 

1889 

1892 

1893 

1895 

1897 

1897 

1898 

1901 

1905 

1906 

1909 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



389 



United States Cabinet Officers. — Contlrued. 

SECRETARIES OF THE NAVY. 



George Cabot, Massachusetts 

Benjamin Stoadert » xviaryland 

Benjamin Stoddert, Maryland 

Robert Smith » Maryland 

Jacob Crowninshield. Massachusetts 

Paul Hamilton, South Carolina 

William Tones, Pennsylvania^ 

B. H. Crowninshield. Massachusetts 
B. W. Crowninshield, Massachusetts 

Smith Thompson, New York 

Samuel L. Southard, New Jersey .... 
Samud L. Southardj New Jersey .... 

John Branch, North Carolina 

Levi Woodbury, New ixampshire .... 

Mahlon Dickerson , New Jersey 

Mahlon Dickerson, New Jersey 

James K. Paulding, New York 

George E. Badger, North Carolina . . . 
George E. Badger, North Carolina . . 

Abel P. Upshur, Virginia 

David Henshaw, Massachusetts 

Thomas W. Gilmer^ Virginia 

John Y. Mason, Virginia 

George Bancroft, Massachusetts 

John Y. Mason, Virginia 

William B. Preston , Virginia 

William A. Graham, North Carolina 

John P. Kennedy, Maryland 
ames C. Dobbin, North Carolina .... 
saac Toucey, Connecticut 

Gideon Wells, Connecticut 

Gideon Wells, Connecticut 

Adolph E. Borie, Pennsylvania 

George M. Robeson, New Jersey 

Richard W. Thompson , Indiana 

Nathan Goff, Jr., West Virginia 

William H, Hunt, Louisiana 

William E. Chandler, New Hampshire 

William C. Whitney. New York 

Benjamin F. Tracy, New York 

Hilary A. Herbert, Alabama 

John D. Long, Massachusetts 

William H. Mood^, Massachusetts .... 

Paul Morton, Illinois 

Paul Morton , Illinois 

Chas. J. Bonaparte, Maryland 

Victor H. Metcalf, California 

G. Von L. Meyer, Massachusetts .... 



1793 
1798 
1801 
1801 
1806 
1809 
1813 
1814 
1817 
1818 
1823 
1825 
1829 
1831 
1834 
1837 
1838 
1841 
1841 
1841 
1843 
1844 
1844 
1845 
1846 
1849 
1850 
1852 
1853 
1857 
1861 
1865 
1869 
1869 
1877 
1881 
1881 
1882 
1885 
1889 
1893 
1897 
1902 
1904 
1905 
1905 
1907 
1909 



•POSTMASTERS GENERAL. 



Samuel Osgood, Massachusetts ... 
Timothy Pickering, Massachusetts 

Joseph Habersham , Georgia 

J oseph Habersham , Georgia 

Joseph Habersham , Georgia 

Gideon Granger, Connecticut 



1789 
1791 
1795 
1797 
1801 
1801 



390 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAf. 



United States Cabinet Olficers— Continued. 

POSTMASTERS GENERAL-Continued. 



Gideon Granger, Connecticut 

Return J. Meigt, Jr. ............... 

Return J. Mcig«, Jt 

John McLean , Ohio . % . 

John McLean, Ohio 

William T. Barry, Kentucky ......... 

Amos Kendall , Kentucky ,. 

Amos Kendall , Kentucky 

John M. Nilea, Connecticut . . * 

Francis Granger, New York ........... 

Francis Granger, New York .;;;;... 
Charles A. Wickliffe, Kentucky ;•..... 

CaVe Johnson , Tennessee ....;;;;;.;. 

Jacob Collamer , Vermont ....;...•..., 

Nathan K. Hall. New York ...•.;;... 
Samuel D. Hubbard, Connecticut •.•.. . 
James Campbell , Pennsylvania .:...:. 
Aaron V. Brown, Tennessee .......... 

Joseph Holt, Kentucky .-. . .. 

Horatio King, Maine .....;. 

Montgomery Blair, Maryland ....:... 

William Dennison , Ohio ; ; ; • 

William Dennison ; Ohio .......'..'.•.. 

Alex. W. Randall , Wisconsin . . : . ; : . . 
Tohi;i A. J. Cresswell , Maryland ...... 

James W. Marshall , \'"irginia ....;.... 

Marshall Jewell, Connecticut 

James N. Tyncr, Indiana 

David McK. Key, Tennessee 

Horace Maynard, xennessee ........ 

Thomas L. James« New York 

Timothy O. Howe, Wisconsin ....... 

Walter Q. Gresham, Indiana 

Frank Hatton , Iowa . . .* ... 

William F. Vilas, Wisconsin 

Don M. Dickinson, Michigan ...;.... 

John Wanamaker, Pennsylvania 

Wilson S. Bissel, New York 

William L. Wilson, West Virginia ■ . ■. 

James A. Garv, Maryland ; ; ; . 

Chas. Emory Smith , Pennsylvania ■.. . 

Henry C. Payne, Wisconsin ; . . 

Robert J. Wynne , Pennsylvania i . . . 
George B. Cortelyou, New York .... 
Geo. L. Von Meyer , Massachusetts . . 
Frank H. Hitchcock, Massachusetts v % 



J 



I 



180» 

1814 

1817 

1823 

1825 

1829 

1835 

1837 

1840 

1841 

1841 

1841 

1845 

184<> 

1850 

1852 

1863 

1857 

185» 

1861 

1861 

1864 

1865 

1S66 

1869 

1874 

1874 

1876 

1877 

1880 

1881 

1881 

1883 

1884 

1885 

1888 

1889 

1893 

1895 

1897 

1898 

1902 

1904 

1905 

1907 

1909 



SECRETARIES OF THE TREASURY. 



Alexander Hamilton, New York 
Oliver Wolcott, Connecticut ... 
Oliver Wolcott, Connecticut . , . 
Samuel Dexter, Massachusetts . 
Samuel Dexter, Massachusetts . 



1789 
1795 
1797 
1801 
1801 



*The postmaster general was not considered a cabinet officer until 
1829. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



391 



r United States Cabinet Officers — Continued. 

SECRETARIES OF THE TREASURYT-Continued. 



Albert Gallatin, Pennsylvania 

Albert Gallatin , Pennsylvania 

Albert Gallatin , Pennsylvania 

George W. Campbell , Tennessee 

Alexander J. Dallas, Pennsylvania 

William H. Crawford, Georgia 

William H. Crawford , Georgia 

Richard Rush, Pennsylvania 

Samuel D. Ingham, Pennsylvania 

Louis McLane, Delaware 

William J. Duane , Pennsylvania 

Roger B. Taney, Maryland 

Levi Woodbury, New Hampshire 

Levi Woodbury, New Hampshire 

Thomas Ewing, Ohio 

Thomas Ewing, Ohio 

Walter Forward, Pennsylvania 

John C. Spencer, New i ork 

George M. ^ibb . Kentucky 

Robert J. Walker, i.iississippi 

William M. Meredith, Pennsylvania 

Thomas Corwin , Ohio 

James Guthrie , Kentucky 

Howell Cobb, Georgia 

Philip F. Thomas , Maryland 

John A. Dix, New i ork 

Salmon P. Chase, Ohio 

William P. Fessenden, Maine 

Hugh McCulloch , Inoiana 

Hugh McCulloch. Indiana 

George S. Boutwell , Massachusetts 

William A. Richardson , Massachusetts 

Benjamin H. Bristow, Kentucky 

Lot M. Morrill, Maine 

John Sherman, Ohio , 

William Windom, Minnesota 

Charles J. Folger, New York , ,. 

Walter Q. tjresham . Indiana 

Hugh McCulloch, Indiana 

Daniel Manning, New York 

Charles S. Fairchild, New York 

William Windom, Mmnesota ? • • • • 

Charles Foster, Ohio 

John G. Carlisle, Kentucky 

Lyman J. Gage, Illinois 

Leslie M. Shaw, Iowa 

Leslie M. Shaw, Iowa 

Geo. B. Cortelyou, New York 

Franklin McVeagh , Illinois 



1801 
1805 
1809 
1814 
1814 
1816 
1817 
1825 
1829 
1831 
1883 
1833 
1884 
1837 
1841 
1841 
1841 
1843 
1844 
1845 
1849 
1850 
1853 
1857 
1860 
1861 
1861 
1864 
1865 
1865 
186') 
1873 
1874 
1876 
1877 
1881 
1881 
1884 
1884 
1885 
1887 
1889 
1891 
1893 
1897 
1902 
1905 
1907 
1909 



SECRETARIES OF WAR. 



Henry Knox, Massachusetts . . . 
Timothy Pickering, Massachusetts 
Tames MoHenry, Maryland .... 
James McHenry, Maryland .... 

John Marshall , Virginia 

Samuel Dexter « Massachusetts 



1789 
1795^ 
1796 
1797 
1800 
1800 



$%2 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



United States Cabinet Officers. — ContfnneJ. 

SECRETARIES OF WAR— Continued. 



Roger Griswold , Connecticut 

Henry Dearborn, Massachusetts 

WilUam Eustis, Massacliusetts 

John Armstrong, New York # 

Tames Monroe, Virginia 

William H. Crawford, Georgia 

Isaac Shelby, Kentucky 

Geo. Graham (ad. in.) , Virginia 

John C. Calhoun, South Carolina 

James Barbour , Virginia 

Peter B. Porter, New York 

John H. Eaton, Tennessee 

Lewis Cassj Ohio 

Benjamin F. Butler, New York 

Joel R. Poinsett, South Carolina 

Tehn Bell, Tennessee 

John Bell , Tennessee 

John McLean, Ohio 

John C. Spencer, New York 

James M. Porter, Pennsylvania 

Vv illiam Wilkins, Pennsylvania 

William L. Marcy, New York 

George W. Crawford , Georgia 

Edward Bates , Missouri 

Charles M. Conrad, Louisiana 

Jefferson Davis , Mississippi 

Tohn B. Floyd. Virginia 

Joseph Holt , Kentucky 

Simon Cameron , Pennsylvania 

Edwin M. Stanton, Ohio 

Edwin M. Stanton, Ohio 

U. S. Grant (ad. in.) , Illinois 

Lor. Thomas (ad. in.) •, 

John M. Schofield, New York 

John A. Rawlins, Illinois 

William T. Sherman, Ohio 

William T. Belknap, Iowa 

Alphonso Taft, Ohio 

James Don Cameron , Pennsylvania 

George W. McCrary, Iowa 

Alexander Ramsey, Minnesota 

Robert T. Lincoln , Illinois 

Robert T. Lincoln , Illinois 

William C. Endicott, Massachusetts 

Redfield Proctor, Vermont 

Stephen B. Elkins, West Virginia 

Daniel S. Lamont, New York 

R. A. Alger , Michigan 

Elihu Root, New York 

Elihu Root. New York 

William Taft, Ohio 

William Tnft. Ohio 

L.uke E. Wright , Tennessee 

J. M. Dickinson, Tennessee 



1801 

1801 

1809 

1813 

1814 

1815 

1817 

1817 

1817 

1825 

1828 

1829 

1831 

1887 

1837 

1841 

1841 

1841 

1841 

1843 

1844 

1846 

1849 • 

1850 

1850 

1853 

1857 

1861 

1861 

1862 

1865 

1867 

1868 

1868 

1869 

1869 

1869 

1876 

1876 

1877 

1879 

1881 

1881 

1885 

1889 

1891 

1893 

1897 

1899 

1901 

1904 

1905 

1907 

1909 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



393 



United States Cabinet Officers. — Continued. 

SECRETARIES OF THE INTERIOR. 



Thomas Ewing, Ohio 

James A. Pearcc, Maryland 

Thos. M. T. Kernon , Pennsylvania 

Alex. H. H. Stewart , Virirmia 

Robert McClelland ,. Michigan 

Jacob Thompson, Mississippi 

Caleb B. Smith , Indiana 

John P. Usher, Indiana 

John P. Usher, Indiana 

James Harlan , • Iowa 

Orville H. Browning, Illinois ., 

Jacob D. Cox, Ohio 

Columbus Delano , Ohio 

Zachariah Chandler, Michigan 

Carl Schurz, Missouri 

Samuel J. Kirkwood, Iowa 

Henry M. Teller, Colorado 

Lucius Q. C. Lamar, Misissippi 

William F. Vilas, Wisconsin 

John W. Noble, Missouri 

Hoke Smith , Georgia . . '. 

David ^ R. Francis, Missouri 

Cornelius N. Bliss, New York 

Ethan A. Hitchcock^ Missouri 

Ethan A. Hitchcock , Missouri 

Ethan A. Hitchcock. Missouri 

James R. Garfield, Ohio 

R. A. Ballinger, Washington 



I 



1849 
1850 
1860 
1850 
1853 
1857 
1861 
1868 
1865 
1865 
1866 
1869 
1870 
1875 
1877 
1881 
1882 
1885 
1888 
1889 
1893 
1896 
1897 
1899 
1901 
1906 
1907 
1909 



SECRETARIES OF AGRICULTURE. 



Norman J. Coleman, Missouri 
Jeremiah M. Rusk, Wisconsin 
J. Sterlinfir Morton, Nebraska . 

Tames 'Wilson, Iowa 

James Wilson, Iowa 

Tames Wilson , Iowa 

James Wilson, Iowa 



1889 
1889 
1893 
1897 
1901 
190»= 
1909 



AT'^ORNEYS GENERAL. 



Edmund Randolph , Virginia 

Edmund Randolph , Virginia 

William Bradford, Pennsylvania .. 

Charles Lee, Virginia 

Charles Lee, Virginia 

'xheophilus Parsons, Massachusetts 

Levi Lincoln, Massachiisetts 

Robert Smith, Maryland 

John Breckinridge , Kentucky . . . . 

Caesar A. Kodney, Delaware 

Caesar A. Rodney, Delaware 

William Pinckney, Maryland 

William Pinckney, Maryland 



1789 
1798 
1794 
1795 
1797 
1801 
1801 
1806 
1806 
1807 
1809 
1811 
1813 



394 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



United States Cabinet Officers. — Continued. 

ATTORNEYS GENERAL-Continucd. 



Richard Rush, Pennsylvania 

Richard Rush , Pennsylvania 

William Wirt , Virginia 

William Wirt, Virginia 

John McP. Berrien , Georgia 

Roger B. Taney, Maryland 

Benjamin F. Butler, New York 

Benjamin F. Butler, New York 

Felix Grundjr, Tennessee 

Henry D. Gilpin , Pennsylvania 

John J. Crittenden, Kentucky 

*ohn J. Crittenden , Kentucky 

Hugh S. Legare, ;bouth Carolina 

John Nelson , Maryland 

John Y. Mason, Virginia 

Nathan Clifford, Mame 

Isaac Toudey, Connecticut 

Reverdy Johnson, Maryland 

John J. Crittenden , Kentucky 

Caleb Cushin?, Massachusetts 

Jeremiah S. Black, Pennsylvania 

Edwin M. Stanton. Ohio *. 

Edward Bates, xuissouri 

Titian J. Coffey. Pennsylvania (ad. in.) .. 

James Speed, Kentucky 

James Speed , Kentucky 

Henry Stanbery, Ohio 

William M. Evarts, New York 

Ebcnezer R. Hoar, Massachusetts 

Amos T. Ackerman, Georgia 

George H. Williams, Oregon 

Edwards Pierrepont, New York 

Alphonso Taft, Ohio 

Charles Devens, Massachusetts 

Wayne MacVeao'h, Pennsvlvania . . . . , 

Benjamin H. Brewster, Pennsylvania 

Augustus H. Garland , Arkansas 

William H. H. Miller, Indiana 

Richard Olney, Massachusetts 

Tudson Harmon, Ohio 

Joseph McKenna, California 

John Wm. Griifirgs, New Jersey 

Philander C. Knox, Pennsylvania 

William H. Moody, Massachusetts 

William H. Moody, Massachusetts 

Chas. J. Bonaparte, Maryland 

J. W. Wickersham, New York 



1814 
1817 
1817 
1825 
1829 
1831 
1833 
1837 
1838 
1840 
1841 
1841 
1841 
1843 
1845 
184& 
1848 
184!> 
1850 
1853 
1857 
1860 
1861 
1863 
1864 
186S 
1866 
1868 
186» 
1870 
1871 
1875 
187ft 
1877 
1881 
1881 
1885 
188^ 
1893^ 
1895 
1897 
1898. 
1901 
1904 
1905 
1907 
1909- 



SECRETARIES OF COMMERCE AND LABOR. 



George B. Cortelyou, New York 
Victor H. Metcalf, California . . 
Victor H. Metcalf, California .. 
Oscar S. Straus, New \ork .... 
Chas. Nagel,- Missouri 



1903: 
1904 
1905 
1907 
190<^ 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 395 



Note. — Since the foundation of the government, the individual 
states have been represented the following number of times in cabinet 
positions: Massachusetts 32; New York, 31; Pennsylvania, 26; 
Virginia, 22; Ohio, 20; Kentucky, 15; Indiana, 10; Connecticut, 
9j Georgia, 8{ Tennessee, 10; Illinois, 8; Ma;ne, 6; South Carolina, 
6; Delaware, 5^ Missouri, 5; Wisconsin, 6; Iowa, 7; Michigan, 4; 
Mississippi, 4; New Jersey, 4; North Carolina, 4; Louisiana, 3; 
Minnesota, 3; New Hampshire, 3; West Virginia, 3; California, 2; 
Vermont, 2; Alabama, 1; Airkansas, 1; Colorado, 1; Nebraska, 1; 
Oregon, 1; Washington, 1. The states which have not been rep- 
resented in the cabinet are: Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nev- 
ada, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Wyoming. 



THE INSULAR DEPENDENCIES. 

PORTO RICO. 

Capital San Juan 

Resident Commissioner to United States « • • • • Tulio Larrinaga 

Governor Reg^s H. Post 

Secretary William F. Willoughby 

Attorney General Henry M. Hoyt 

Treasurer * Samuel D. Gromer 

Auditor George Cabot Ward 

Commissioner of Education Edwin G. Dexter 

Commissioner of the Interior .• Laurence H. Grahame 

United States District Judge Bernard S. Rodey 

United States District Attorney J. R. F. Savage 

United States District Marshal Harry S. Hubbard 

Collector of Customs James H. Causten 

Chief Justice Jose S. Quinones 

Associate Justices, A. G. A^olf, Jose C. Hernandez, Jose M. Figueras, 
J. H. McLeary. 

The Executive Council — Governor, secretary of State, Attorney Gen? 
eral. Treasurer, Auditor, Commissioner of Education, Commis- 
sioner of the Interior, Juan F. V. Ochoteca, Martin Travieso, 
ir., Kafael del Vallee and Luis S. Morales;, 

The island of Porto Rico, thitherto a Spanish colony,, was forn\ally 
ceded to the United States under the Treatv of Paris of December, 
10, 1898. A civil Jfovernment was established on May I, 1900. On 
July 26, 1901, it became a territory of the United States on a basis 
in some ■ respects similar to that of the territories on the North 
American continent, but with these important differences, that citi- 
zens of Porto Rico are not ipso facto citizens of the United States, 
and that the present status of the territory is not considered to hk 
preliminary to statehood. Free trade exists between the island and 
the United States. A decision of the United States Supreme Court 
on Dcember 2, 1901, sustained the Foraker act and the validity of 
the tariff system established by the United States government with 
respect to Porto Rico, and confirmed the principle that Porto Ricans 
are not citizens of the United States. On August 2, 1902, the 
Commissioner General of Immigration issued an order to the effect 
that Porto Ricans -coming to the United States were to be regarded 
as aliens. This decision was subsequently reversed by the United 
States Supreme Court. 

Bv the terms of the Foraker act practical automony was granted 
to the insular government for which it provides, and a large majority 
of all the officials throughout the island are left to the urestricted 
choice of its own citizens. Ihe oovernor and the heads of the various 
executive departments are chosen by the president with the approval 
of the senate, and the executive council, which constitutes one of 



396 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



the branches of the legislative assembly, consists of the six executive 
department heads so chosen, tnc secretary, attorney general, treas- 
urer, auditor, commissioner of education and commissioner of the 
interior, with five natives of Porto Rico, who are also appointed by 
the president. The house of delegates, or popular branch of the 
legislative assemolv, consisting of thirty-five members, is elected by 
the voters from the seven election districts into which the island^ is 
divided; and in the judicial department the supreme ocurt, consist- 
ing of five members, is appointed by the president, but a majority of 
the members chosen for tnat tribunal of last resort are native citizens 
of the island; and of the judges of the various district courts who are 
appointed by the governor, the large majority are also selected from 
among the native population. The internal revenue laws of the 
.United States do not apply to Porto Rico. 

The growth of commerce between the United States and Porto 
Rico since annexation is shown by the table appended, covering the 
fiscal years from 1898 to 1908: 



Year 



Exports to 
U.S. 



Imports 
from U. S. 



1898 
1899 
1900 
1901 
1902 
1903 
1904 
1905 
1906 
1907 
1908 



2,414,356 

8,179,827 

3,078,648 

5,883,892 

8,378,766 

11,051,195 

11,722,826 

15,633,145 

19,142,461 

22,070,133 

25,891,261 



1,505 

2,685 

4,640 

6,861 

10,882 

12,245 

11,210 

13,974 

19,224 

25,686 

22,677 



,946 
,484 
,449 
,917 
,653 
,845 
,060 
,070 
,881 
,285 
,376 



Porto Rico's trade with foreign countries in the fiscal years 1904-'05 
to 1907-*08 reached these totals: 



Year 



Exports 



Imports 



1904-'05 
1905-'06 
1906-'07 
1907-*08 



3,076,420 
4,115,069 
4,926,167 
4,753,209 



2,562,189 
2,602,784 
3,580,887 
3,148,289 



The census of 1900 reported the population by departments as fol- 
lows : 



Department 



Number 



Guayama 

Humacao 

Ponce . . . 

Arecibo . . 

Bayamon 

Mayaguez 

Aguadilla 

Total 



111,986 
88,501 
208,191 
162,808 
160,040 
127,666 
99,645 



953,248 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 397- 



THE PHILIPPINE COMMISSION. 

Commissioners — ^James F. Smith, president; Dean C. Worcester, W* 
Cameron Forbes, W. Morgan Shuster, Newton W. Gilbert, Jose R*. 
Luzuriaga, Gregorio Araneta, T. H. Pardo de Tavera and Rafael. 
Palma. 

Capital, Manila. 

THE EXECUTIVE. 

Governor General — ^James F. Smith, California; salary $20,000. 

Vice Governor General, W. Cameron Forbes, Massacnusetts. 

Secretary of Finance and Justice, Gregorio Aaraneta, The Philip- 
pines, salary $16,600. 

Secretary Interior — Dean C. Worcester, Michigan; salary, $15,500.. 

Secretary Public Instruction— ^W. Morgan Shuster, District of Col- 
umbia; salary, $15,500. 

Secretary Commerce and Police, W. Cameron Forbes, Massachu-- 
setts ; salary , $15 , 500. 

THE SUPREME COURT. 

Chief Justice — Cayetano Arellano, Phillipoines; salary, $10,500. 

Associate Justices — Florentino Torres, Philippines; Victorino . Mapa , 
Philippines? Charles A. Willard, Vermont; E. Finley Johnson, Michi- 
gan; James F. Tracey, New York; Adam C. Carson, Virginia; salary, 
each, $10,000. 

Commissioners resident to the United States — Benito Legarda, salary- 
$7,500; Pablo Ocatnbo de Leon, salary, $7,500. 

The Philippine Islands came into the possession of the United 
States as a result of the war with Spain and under the terms of 
the Treaty of Paris of December 10, 1898. On February 4, 1899, 
two days before the ratification of the treaty by the United States- 
senate, the native forces under Aguinaldo attacked the American 
garrison at Manila, and an insurrection against American authority 
was started, which lasted for nearly two years. The islands were- 
under military rule until July 1, 1901, when the provisional mili- 
tanr government was superseded bv a civil government. The chief 
officers of the latter are appointed by the President of the United" 
States. Provincial and municipal officers are elected by the peo- 
ple. On December 2, 1901, the Supreme Court of the United States 
decided that free trade must prevail between the Philippines and the 
United States until congress should enact a special tariff law for 
the islands. Accordingly a Philippine tariff bill was introduced into- 
congress and became a law on March 8, 1902. It was followed on 
July 1, 1902, by a civil government act for the Philippines. 
•A general amnesty for all except criminals under the common law 
and rebels remaining in arms was proclaimed July 4, 1902. The 
vexed question of the friars' lands was amicably settled in Decem- 
ber, 1903. After protracted negotiations, in the course of which 
Governor Taft visited Rome, an acrreement was made with the church- 
authorities by which the insular government acquired the friars' hold- 
ings at a cost of $7,239,784. The purchase included 391,000 acres. 
These lands will be eventually sold by the insular government. 

By the act of March 2, 1903, congress provided a system of coin- 
age for the Philippines. The unit of value is the gold peso, of 
twelve and nine-tenths grains of gold, nine-tenths fine. The Philip- 
pine Commission is authorized to coin $75,000,000 in silver pesos, 
each peso of 416 grains, 900 parts fine metal and 100 parts cop- 
per alloy. These silver coins are redeemable at the rate of two for 
one in gold pesos, and are legal tender in the Philippine Islands, 
for all debts, public or private, unless otherwise specifically provided 
by contract. Some new subsidiary coins are also provided for. 

^ At the last session of the 58th congress a new tariff for the Philip- 
pines was enacted, and a law was passed providing for railroad con- 
struction and other public improvements and amending the Civil' 
Government act of March 8, 1902. The new Philippine tariff— on 

foods imported into the Philippines — went into effect on July 2, 1905.. 
t was further amended at the first session of the 69th congress. Con- 



398 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



gress at the same session passed a law postponing until July 1, 1909, 
the application to Philippine commerce of the navigation laws of the 
United States. At^ the second session of the 69th congress a law 
was passed establishing a Philippine Agricultural Bank. 

Elections for the first Philippine Assembly were held on July 30, 
1907. Eighty-one seats were allotted to the various provinces, the 
maximum membership of the assembly being 100. A small vote was 
cast, about 98,000, or only 1.4 per cent of the population. The 
Nationalist factions chose *a great majority of the assemblymen. Regu- 
lar biennial elections are to be held hereafter, beginning with the 
first Tuesday after the first Monday in November, 1909, the mem- 
bers chosen to hold office for two vears beginning January 1, 1910. 
The Assembly was opened on October 16, 1907, Secretary Taft at- 
tending the ceremony and making an address. Sergio Osmena, of 
Ccbu, Nationalist, was chosen president of the body. To quality as 
voters applicants must be males, twenty-three vears of a^e and have 
a legal residence in the municipality in which they desire to cxer- 
cis the right of suffrage, and must not be citizens or subjects of 
any foreign power, and furthermore must be comprised within one 
of the three following classes: 

(a) Those who, prior to August 13, 1898, held certain offices 
under the Spanish government. 

(b) Those who own real property to the value of 600 pesos, or 
who annually pay 30 pesos or more of the established taxes. 

(c) Those who speak, read and write English or Spanish. 

On November 21, 1907, the two branches of the legislature elected 
Benito Legarda and Pablo Ocambo de Leon Resident Commissioners 
to the United States, to serve till January, 1909. 

The following tables summarize the foreign trade of the islands 
in recent years: 

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF MERCHANDISE, 1899 TO 1908. 

IMPORTS. 



•Year 


From United 
States 


From Other 
Countries 


Total 


1899 


$ 1,150,613 
1,657,701 
2,855,685 
4,035,243 
3,944,098 
4,633,216 
5,761,498 
5,458,867 
8,661,414 
11,461,722 


$ 11,962,397 
18,943,735 
27,423,721 
28,106,699 
29,027,784 
28,687,645 
25,114,852 
21,466,373 
17,541,775 
16,707,429 


$ 13,113,010 
20,601.486 


1900 


1901 


30.279,406 


1902 


32,141,842 


1903 


32.971.882 


1904 


83.220.761 


1905 


30.876.850 


1906 : 


26.924.240 


1907 


26.203.189 


1908 


28.169.161 







EXPORTS. 



*Year 



To United 
States 



To Other 
Countries 



Total 



1899 
1900 
1901 
1902 
1903 
1904 
1905 
1906 
1907 
1908 



$ 3,540,894 

3,522,160 

2,572,021 

7,691,743 

13,863,059 

11,102,775 

15,668,026 

12,337,927 

11,510,438 

10,164,223 



8,826,018 
16,228,908 
20,642,927 
16,235,936 
19,258,721 
19,147,852 
16,684,589 
20,337,723 
19,085,271 
19,973,381 



12,866,912 
19,751,068 
23,214,948 
23,927,679 
83.121,780 
80,250,627 
82,862,615 
32,675,650 
80,695,709 
80,137,604 



•Figure' 
1899 CO- 
subseqi 



ite from reports of War Department, those of 
-om August 20, 1898, to June 30, 1899, and 
fiscal year. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



399 



POPULATION OF THE PHILIPPINES BY PROVINCES. 



Province or Comandancia 



Population 



Civilized 



Wild 



Abra 

Albay 

Ambos Camarines 

Antique 

Basilan 

Bataan 

Batangas 

Bjenquet 

Bohol 

Bulacan 

Cagavan 

La Union 

Lepanto-Bonioc . . 

Leyte 

Manila City 

*Marinduque * . . . 

Masbate 

Mindoro 

Misamis 

Negros Occidental 
Negros Oriental . 

Nueva Ecija 

IN ueva Vizcaya . . 

Pampanga 

Pangasinan , 

Capiz 

Cavite 

Cebu 

Cottabato 

Dapitan 

Davao 

Ilocos Norte . . . . 

Ilocos Sur 

Iloilo 

Isabela 

Jolo 

La Laguna *..... 

Paragua 

Paragua Sur . . . . 

Rizal 

Romblon i 

Samar 

Siassi 

Sorsogon 

Surigao 

Tarlac 

Tawi Tawi 

**Tayabas 

Zambales 

Zamboanga 



Total 



51 


,860 


37,823 


240 


,326 


239,434 


239 


,405 


233,472 


134 


,166 


131,245 


30 


,179 


1,331 


46 


,787 


45,166 


257 


,715 


267,715 


22 


,745 


917 


260 


,223 


269,223 


223 


,742 


223,327 


156 


,239 


142.826 


137 


,839 


127,789 


72 


,760 


2,467 


388 


,922 


388,922 


219 


,928 


219,928 


61 


,674 


61,674 


43 


,676 


43,676 


39 


,582 


32,318 


175 


,683 


136,473 


808 


,272 


303,660 


201 


,494 


184,889 


134 


,147 


132,999 


62, 


,641 


16,026 


223 


,754 


222,656 


397 


,902 


394,516 


230 


,721 


225,092 


134 


,779 


134,779 


653 


,727 


653,727 


125 


,875 


2,313 


65 


496 


20,224 


^ 65, 


496 . 


20,224 


178, 


995 


176,785 


187 


,411 


173,800 


410 


.315 


403,932 


76, 


431 


68,793 


51 


389 


1,270 


148, 


606 


148,606 


29, 


351 


27,493 


6, 


345 


1,359 


150 


923 


148,502 


52 


848 


52,848 


266, 


237 


265,549 


24, 


562 


297 


120, 


495 


120,454 


115, 


112 


99,298 


135, 


107 


133,513 


14, 


638 


93 


153, 


065 


150,262 


104, 


549 


101,381 


44, 


322 


20,692 



7,636,426 



6,987,686 



*Sub-provrnce of Tayabas. 

••Exclusive of sub-province of Marinduque. 



14,037 

892 

5,933 

2,921 

28,848 
1,621 

21,828 

416 
13,414 
10,060 
70,283 



7,264 

40,210 

4,612 

16,606 

1,148 

46,616 

1,098 

3,386 

6,629 



123,662 

46,272 

45,272 

2,210 

13,611 

6,383 

7,638 

60,119 

1,858 
4,986 
2,421 

689 

24,265 

41 

15,814 

1,594 

14,545 

2,803 

3,168 

23,630 



647, 74« 



398 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



gress at the same session passed a law postponing until July 1, 1909, 
the application to Philippine commerce of the navigation laws of the 
United States. At^ the second session of the 59th congress a law 
was passed establishing a Philippine Agricultural Bank. 
■ Elections for the first Philippine Assembly were held on July 30, 
1907. Eighty-one seats were allotted to the various provinces, the 
maximum membership of the assembly being 100. A small vote was 
cast, about 98,000, or only 1.4 per cent of the population. The 
Nationalist factions chose a great majority of the assemblymen. Regu- 
lar biennial elections are to be held hereafter, beginning with the 
first Tuesday after the first Monday in November, 1909, the mem- 
bers chosen to hold office for two vears beginning January 1, 1910. 
The Assembly was opened on October 16, 1907, Secretary Taft at- 
tending the ceremony and making an address. Sergio Osmena, of 
Cebu, Nationalist, was chosen president of the body. To quality as 
voters applicants must be males, twenty-three years of a^e and have 
a legal residence in the municipality in which they desire to cxer- 
cis the right of suffrage, and must not be citizens or subjects of 
any foreign power, and furthermore must be comprised within one 
of the three following classes: 

(a) Those who, prior to August 13, 1898, held certain offices 
under the Spanish government. 

(b) Those who own real property to the value of 500 pesos, or 
who annually pay 30 pesos or more of the established taxes. 

(c) Those who speak, read and write English or Spanish. 

On November 21, 1907, the two branches of the legislature elected 
Benitp Le^arda ana Pablo Ocambo de Leon Resident Commissioners 
to the United States, to serve till January, 1909. 

The following tables summarize the foreign trade of the islands 
in recent years: 

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF MERCHANDISE. 1899 TO 1908. 

IMPORTS. 



•Year 


From United 
States 


From Other 
Countries 


Total 


1899 


$ 1,150.613 
1,657,701 
2,855,685 
4,035,243 
3,944,098 
4,633,216 
5,761,498 
5,458,867 
8,661,414 
11,461,722 


$ 11,962,397 
18,943,735 
27,423,721 
28,106,599 
29,027,784 
28,587,545 
25,114,852 
21,465,373 
17,541,775 
16,707,429 


$ 13,113,010 
20,601,486 


1900 


1901 


80.279.406 


1902 


32,141.842 


1903 


82,971,882 


1904 


88,220.761 


1905 


30.876,850 


1906 


26.924.240 


1907 


26.203,189 


1908 


28.169,151 







EXPORTS. 



♦Year 



To United 
States 



To Other 
Countries 



Total 



1899 
1900 
1901 
1902 
1903 
1904 
1905 
1906 
1907 
1908 



$ 3,540,894 

3,522,160 

2,572,021 

7,691,743 

13,863,059 

11,102,775 

15,668,026 

12,337,927 

11,510,438 

10,164,223 



$ 8,826,018 
16,228,908 
20,642,927 
16,235,936 
19,258,721 
19,147,852 
16,684,589 
20,337,723 
19,085,271 
19,973,381 



$ 12,866,912 
19,751,068 
23,214,948 
23,927,679 
88,121,780 
30,250,627 
82,852,615 
82,676,650 
80,695,709 
30,137,604 



•Figures of 1899 to date from reports of War Department, those of 
1899 covering the period from August 20, 1898, to June 30, 1899, and 
subsequent figures coverincr fiscal year. 






STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



399 



POPULATION OF THE PHILIPPINES BY PROVINCES. 



Province or Comandancia 



Population 



Civilized 



Wild 



Abra 

Albay — . 

Ambos Camarines 

Antique 

Basilan 

Bataan 

Batangas 

Blenquet 

Bohol 

Bulacan 

Cagavan 

La Union 

Lepanto-Bonioc . . 

Leyte 

Manila City 

*Marinduque ^ . , . . 

Masbate 

Mindoro 

Misamis 

Negros Occidental 
Negros Oriental . 

Nueva Ecija 

iNueva Vizcaya . . 

Pampanga 

Pangasinan 

Capiz 

Cavite 

Cebu 

Cottabato 

Dapitan 

Davao 

Ilocos Norte . . . . 

Ilocos Sur 

Iloilo 

Isabela 

Jolo 

La Lag^na 

Paragua 

Paragua Sur . . . . 

Rizal 

Romblon i 

Samar 

Siassi 

Sorsogon 

Surigao 

Tarlac 

Tawi Tawi 

**Tayabas 

Zambales 

Zamboanga 



Total 



51,860 


87,823 


240 


,326 


239,434 


239 


,405 


233,472 


134, 


,166 


131,245 


30 


,179 


1,331 


46 


,787 


46,166 


257, 


715 


267,716 


22, 


745 


917 


269 


,223 


269,223 


223 


,742 


223,827 


156, 


239 


142,826 


137, 


,839 


127,789 


72 


,750 


2,467 


388 


,922 


388,922 


219, 


928 


219,928 


61, 


674 


61,674 


43, 


676 


43,675 


89 


,582 


32.318 


175, 


,683 


135,473 


308, 


272 


308,660 


201, 


494 


184,889 


134 


,147 


132,999 


62, 


541 


16,026 


223, 


754 


222,656 


397 


,902 


394,516 


230, 


721 


225,092 


134 


,779 


134,779 


653, 


,727 


653,727 


125 


,875 


2,313 


65 


496 


20,224 


65, 


496 . 


20,224 


178, 


995 


176,785 


187 


,411 


173,800 


410 


.315 


403,932 


76, 


,431 


68,793 


51 


,889 


1,270 


148 


606 


148,606 


29, 


351 


27,493 


6 


,345 


1,359 


150 


,923 


148,502 


52 


,848 


52,848 


266, 


237 


265,549 


24 


562 


297 


120, 


495 


120,454 


115, 


112 


99,298 


135 


107 


133,513 


14 


,638 


93 


153, 


065 


150,262 


104. 


549 


101,381 


44 


322 


20,692 



7,635,426 



6,987,686 



14,037 

892 

6,933 

2,921 

28,848 
1.621 

21.828 

415 
13.414 
10.050 
70.283 



7,264 

40.210 

4.612 

16.605 

1,148 

46.515 

1,098 

3,386 

5,620 



123,562 

45,272 

45,272 

2,210 

13,611 

6,383 

7,638 

50,119 

1,858 
4,986 
2.421 

689 

24,265 

41 

15,814 

1,594 

14,545 

2,803 

3,163 

23,680 



647, 74« 



•Sub-province of Tayabas. 

** Exclusive of sub-province of Marinduque. 



400 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



GUAM. 

Capital , Afl^na. 

Governor. Captiin Edward J. Dom (retired), U. S. N. 
The island of Guam» or Gnahan, in the Marianas Archipela^, 
was ceded to the United States bj Spain tinder the Treaty of Pans, 
of December 10, 1898. It is used by the United States as ^ nairml 
station, and may also afford a landing place for a trans-pacific cable. 
Supreme governmental authority is vested in a United States naval 
ofncer, who is appointed governor of the island. 

TUTUILA AND MANUA. 

Capital, Pa^o Pago. 

Governor, Captain John F. Parker. U. S. N. 

Tutuila, Manua and some insignificant islets of the Samoan group 
came into the possession of the United States in January, 1900, as 
a result of the treaty of November 14, 1899, between Great Britain 
and Germany, in the terms of which the United states acquiesced. 
Under that treatv Great Britain withdrew altogether from the islands, 
Germany took tne largest two, Upolu and Savaii, and the United 
States took possession of Tutuila and Manua, the former contain- 
ing at Pago Pa^o the finest harbor in that part of the world and the 
only good one in the Samoan group. A United States naval officer 
was appointed governor of Tutuila and Manua in February, 1900, 
and possession was taken of them on April 17, 1900. The area of 
Tutuila and Manua is about 35,000 acres. The total population of 
the two islands is less than 6,000. 

THE ISTHMIAN CANAL ZONE. 

Isthmian Canal Commissioners — Lieut. Col. George W. Goethals, U. 
S. A., chairman; Major E. DuB. Gaillard, U. S. A., Major William 
L. Sibert, U. S. A.; Lieut. Harry H Rousseau, U. S. N.; Joseph C. 
S. Blackburn, Col. W. C. Gorgas, U. S. A.; Lieut. Col. Harry F. 
Hodges, U. S. A. 

Secretary to the Commission — ^Joseph B Bishop, New York, $10,000. 

Chief Engineer — Licut.-Col. George W. Goethals, U. S. A. 

Supreme Court of the Canal Zone — Facundo Mutis Duran, Panama, 
Chiet Justice; L. C. Collins, 111., and Hezekiah H. Gudger, N. C, 
Associate Justices. 

Note — The comi)ensation allowed to Lieut. Col. Goethals, the presi* 
aent of tne commission, is $15,000, includinfir his salary as an officer 
of the army; to Majors Gaillard and Sibert, Lieut. Kousseau, Col. 
Gorgas and Lieut. Col. Hodges, $14,000 a piece, including their sal- 
aries as officers; to the other commissioners, $14,000. 

The United States senate ratified on March 17, 1903, an Isthmian 
Canal treaty with Columb'a, drawn to vest in the United States per- 
petual control for canal purposes of a strip of land 30 miles in width 
stretching across the Isthmus of Panama. On August 12, 1903, the 
Colombian senate rejected the treaty, and on September 12 the time 
fixed for exchanging ratifications exoired. On November 3 the de- 
partment of Panama revolted and an independent republic was pro- 
claimed. A canal treatv between this new republic and the Umted 
States was signed on November 18, 1908, ratified by Panama on 
December 2, and by the United States senate on February 28, 1904. 

THE CANAL ZONE ACT. 

To provide for the temporary government of this zone congress 
passed an act aoproved April 28, 1904, providing that "until the 
expiration of the 58th congress, unless provision for the temporanr 
government of the can.il zone be sooner made by congress, all mili- 
tary, judicial and civil powers, as well as the power to make all 
rules and regulations necessary for the government of the canal zone, 
and all the rights, powers and authority sranted by the terms of said 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 401 



treaty to the United :3tates, shall be vested in such person or persons' 
and shall be exercised in such manner as the president shall direct » 
for the government of said zone and maintaining and protecting the 
inhabitants thereof in the free enjoyment of their liberty, property 
and religion/' Under the terms of this act the Isthmian Canal Com- 
mission was created and a temporary government was set up in the 
canal strip, with Major General George B. Davis as governor. 

At the third session of the 68th congress no further legislation was 
had , and the president resumea full control under the general canal act. 
The canal commission was reorganized and the governor of the canal 
zone was made also United States Minister at Panama. The new 
commissioners were nominated on April 3, 1905. On June 30, John 
F. Stevens replaced John F. Wallace as chief engineer and member 
of the commission. 

REORGANIZATION OF 1906. 

Under a reorganization effected in 1905, three executive departments 
were created, one headed by the chairman of the commission, one 
by the governor of the canal zone and one by the chief engineer. By 
an order signed November 19, 1906, this triple control was abolished 
The office of governor was left vacant. Governor Magoon having been 
transferred to Cuba, and seven departments were created, all under 
the supervision of, and reporting to the chairman of the canal com- 
mission. The heads of the seven departments were: Chief engineer, 
John F. Stevens; general counsel, Kichard R. Rodgers; chiei sani- 
tary officer, William L. Gorgas; chief purchasing officer, D. W. Ross; 
general auditor, E. S. Benson; disbursing officer, J. Williams; manager 
of labor and quarters, Jackson Smith. 

REORGANIZATION OF 1907. 

Bids were asked from contractors in 1906 for the work of excavating 
the canal, but after long delays and much friction all were rejectea 
early in 1907, and the administration turned to the idea of having the 
enterprise managed by government engmeers. Theodore P. Shonts^ 
the chairman of the commission, resigned in January, the resignation 
to take effect on Mkrch 4, 1907, and he was succeeded temporarily 
by John F. Stevens. Mr. Stevens had also resigned as chief en- 
gineer, when the plans for construction by private contract were 
changed, and early in March a new commission was appointed. Col. 
Gorgas and Jackson Smith alone remaining on the commission of 
1906. Under the reorganization the departments were thus assigned: 
Construction and Engineering, Lieutenant Colonel Goethals; Excava- 
tion and Dredging, Major Gaillard; Lock and Dam Construction, 
Major Sibert; Municipal Engineering, Motive Power and Machinery, 
Lieutenant Rousseau; Civil Administration, J. C. S. Blackburn; Sani- 
tation, Colonel Gorgas; Labor, Quarters and Subsistence, Jackson 
Smith. Mr. Smith was succeeded in the commission on June, 1908, 
by Lieutenant Colonel Harry F. Hodges, U. S. A. A highly satis- 
factory increase in the rate of excavation has been made under the 
new commission. 

An advisory board of engineers met in Washington on September 
1, 1905, and later made a visit to the isthmus. It reported early in 
1906 in favor of the construction . of a sea level canal. But the 
sea level plan was abandoned by the administration as impracticable 
and the 59th congress at its first session passed an act directing the 
construction of a lock canal. President Roosevelt paid a visit to 
the canal strip in November, 1906. The secretary of the treasury on 
July 2, 1906, invited bids for $30,000,000 of 2 per cent ten year- 
thirty year Panama bonds, and the issue was subscribed for to the 
amount of $445,000,000. The average price bid for the $30,000,000 
awarded was 103.95. A sale of $50,000,000 of bonds was advertised 
in November, 1907, but the issue was subsequently limited to $25,- 
000,000. There were outstanding on December 1, 1908, canal bonds 

-2rt- 



402 



LEGISLATIVE ICAITUAL 



XT, the amvjr.t of S;M.^1.9S0. On December 7, 190S, $30,000,000 
more of Vvnis were scld at an arerage of $102.4368. 

Acc'^r-i^.ig to the acnual report of the Isthmian Canal CommisBion* 
29,444 ir.<:t] were en:;.IoTed on the vork at the Isthnras on the last 
day of the f:«<al year traded Jtme 30, 1907. These men during the 
year excavated %,Z16,'2ZI cubic yards of earth and rock, and per- 
formed a trerr.endo-^s amotnit of labor in ere ctin g new btnldings for 
machinery ar.i employes, and maxing the canal zone more sanitary. 
The ski i led labor lorce is recruited in the United States. The skilled 
force on June ^0, 1^0€» was approximately 2,500, and on Ttme 30, 
]^^07, actually 4,404. To increase this force 1,904 men and provide 
for the usnal separations, due to sickness, resignations, etc, 3,038 
men were brought from the United States daring the year. The un- 
skilled force is brought from the West Indies and Etu-ope. On June 30, 
liiOO, there were on toe canal work 500 Europeans and 13,625 West 
Indians. To maintain this force of laborers, and also provide the 
Panama railroad force oi about 5,000 laborers, 6,899 Europeans and 
10,947 West Indians were brought to the Isthmus to meet the de- 
mands for common labor dtuing the year. 

The completion of the canal will necessitate the abandonment of 
tue present main line of the Panama railroad, and pre liminar y surveys 
for location of a new line on the east side of the canal were completed 
in November. 



POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES BY STATES, 

1890 and 1900. 



States 




Indians 
Not Taxed 



Alabama 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut . . . . 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana , 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts . . 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi . . . . 

Missouri , 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 
New Jersey : . . 

New York 

North Carolina 



,828,097 

,311,664 

,486,068 

539,700 

908,355 

184,735 

528,642 

,216,329 

161,771 

,821,650 

,516,468 

,254,829 

,469,496 

,147,174 

,381,627 

694,366 

,189,946 

,805,346 

,119,782 

,751,895 

,551,372 

,107,117 

243,289 

,068,901 

42,334 

411,588 

,883.669 

,268,009 

.891.992 



1,513,017 

1,138,170 

1,208,130 

412,198 

746,258 

168,493 

391,422 

1,837,353 

84,385 

3,826,351 

2,192,404 

1,911,896 

1,427,096 

1,858,635 

1,118,587 

661,086 

1,042,390 

2,238,948 

2,093,889 

1,301,826 

1,289,600 

2,679,184 

132,159 

1,058,910 

45,761 

376,630 

1,444,933 

5,997,853 

1.617.947 



1,549 
597 



2,297 



1,768 

10,746 
i;665 

4,711 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



403 



Population of the United States. — Continued. 



States 




Indians 
Not Taxed 



North Dakota . . 

Ohio .'. 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania . . . 
Rhode Island . . . 
South Carolina . 
South Dakota . . 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington . . . . . 
West Virginia . 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



Total 

Territories, 
Alaska (estimate) . 

Arizona 

District of Columbia 

Hawaii 

Indian Territory , . 

New Mexico 

Oklahoma 



etc.. 



319,040 


182.719 


4,692 


4,157,545 


3,672,316 




413,632 


313,767 




6,301,865 


5,268,014 




428,556 


346,606 




1,340,312 


1,161,149 




401,658 


328,808 


10,982 


2,022,723 


1,767,618 




3,048.828 


2,236,523 




276,666 


207,905 


1,472 


343,641 


382,422 




1,854,184 


1,666,980 




617.672 


349,390 


2,681 


968,000 


762,790 




2,068.963 


1,686,880 


1,667 


92,681 


60,705 





74,627,907 

44,000 
122,212 
278,718 
154,001 
391,960 
193,777 
898,245 



62,116,811 

82,052 

69,620 
280,892 

89,990 
180,182 
168,698 

61,884 



44,617 
24,044 



66,083 
2,987 
6,927 



Persons in the senrice of the United States stationed abroad (ef* 
timated) 1900, 84,400. 

Indians, etc, on Indian reservations except Indian Territory, 1900, 
145.282. 

Total for seven territories, etc., 1900, 1,667,818; 1890, 562,946; 
Indians not taxed, 89,541. 

The Alaskan figures are derived from partial data only, and all re* 
turns for Alaska and for certain military organizations stationed abroad, 
principally in the Philippines, had not been received when the census 
bureau published the statement above. 



404 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



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STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 










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406 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1904 AND 1908. 



State 



Rep. 



Dem. 



Pro. 



Soc. 



S. L. 



t • • • 



Alabama . . 
Arkansas . 
California . 
Colorado . . 
Connecticut 
Delaware . 
Florida . . 
Georgia . . 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Jxansas . . . • • • 
Kentucky . . . . 
Louisiana . . . . 

Maine 

Maryland . . . . 
Massachusetts . 
Michigan . . . . 
Minnesota^ . . . 
Mississippi . . . 
Missouri . . 

Montana 

Nebraska . . . . 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 
New Jersey . . 
New York .... 
North Carolina 
North Dakota . 
Ohio .... •••• 
Oklahoma . . . 
Oregon . . ^ .... 
Pennsylvania .. 
Rhode Island . 
South Carolina 
South Dakota . 
Tennessee . . . . 

X cjCcIS • • • • • • • 

Kj toil • m 9 • •••• 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington . . 
West Virginia. 
Wisconsin . . . . 
Wyoming . . . . 



Totals . . 
Pluralities 



22,472 

46,860 
206,226 
184,687 
111,089 

23,712 
8,814 

24,003 

47,788 
632,645 
368,289 
807,907 
210,893 
205,277 
5,205 

64,438 
109,497 
257,822 
361,866 
216,651 
3,189 
321,449 

34,932 

138,558 

6,867 

54,177 
24»,164 
859,533 

82,442 

52,595 
600,095 



60,432 

840,949 

41,606 

2,254 

72,083 

105,369 

51,242 

62,444 

40,459 

46,450 

101,540 

132,608 

279,870 

20,467 



79 

64 

89 

100 

72 

19 

27 

83 

18 

327 

274 

149 

84 

217 

47 

27 

109 

165 

134 

65 

63 

296 

21 

51 

3 

33 

164 

683 

124 

14 

344 



17 

335 

24 

54 

21 

131 

167 

33 

9 

80 

28 

100 

124 

8 



857 
434 
294 
106 
909 
347 
046 
472 
480 
606 
345 
141 
800 
170 
708 
648 
446 
746 
151 
187 
376 
312 
778 
876 
982 
992 
566 
981 
121 
273 
674 



444 
430 
839 
635 
969 
653 
200 
413 
777 
688 
098 
850 
036 
904 



612 

993 

7,380 

3,438 

1,506 

607 

5 

684 

1,013 

34,770 

23,496 

11,601 

7,245 

6,609 

1,510 
3,034 
4,279 
13,302 
6,253 



7,191 

385 

6,323 



749 

6,845 

20,787 

361 

1,140 

19,339 



8,860 

33,717 

768 

'2,965 
1,889 
8,995 

***792 
1,382 
8,229 
4,569 
9,770 
207 



853 

1,816 

29,633 

4,304 

4,548 

146 

2,337 

197 

4,954 

69,225 

12,013 

14,847 

15,494 

3,602 

995 

2,106 

2,247 

13,604 

8,941 

11,692 

393 

13,009 

5,676 

7,412 

925 

1,090 

9,687 

36,883 

124 

2,017 

86,260 



7,651 

21,863 

956 

22 

3,138 

1,354 

2,791 

6,767 

844 

218 

10,023 

1,672 

28,220 

1,077 



335 
575 



4,698 
1,598 



696 



2,369 

1,012 

974 



1,674 
208 



2,680 
9,127 



2,633 



2,211 

488 



421 



66 
1,592 

"228 



Pop. 



6,061 
2,318 



824 

496 

51 

1,605 

21,611 

363 

6,725 

2,444 

2,207 

6,156 

2,511 



338 



1,294 

1,159 

2,103 

1,425 

4,226 

1,620 

20,518 

844 

81 

8,706 

7,469 

819 

166 

1,892 



784 



1 
1,240 
2,491 
8,062 



859 
669 
824 
580 



7,621,407 
2,641,703 



5,079,704 258,550 



402,821 



88,460 



113,269 



J 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



407 



Popular Vote Fop President. — Continued. 



Rep. 



Dem. 



Pro. 



Soc. 



S. L. 



Pop. 



Ind. 



26,283 

56,679 

214,398 

123,732 

112,815 

25,007 

10,654 

41,692 

52,621 

629,932 

348,993 

275,210 

197,216 

235,711 

8,958 

66,987 

116,513 

265,966 

333,313 

195,876 

4,363 

347,203 

32,333 

126,997 

10,775 

53,144 

265,326 

870,070 

114,887 

57,680 

572,312 

110,558 

62,530 

745,779 

43,942 

3,963 

67,466 

118,324 

65,666 

61,015 

39,558 

52,573 

106,062 

137,869 

247,747 

20,846 



74 

87 

127 

126 

68 

22 

31 

72 

36 

450 

338 

200 

161 

244 

63 

35 

115 

155 

174 

109 

68 

V 346 

29 

131 

11 

33 

-182 

667 

.136 

32 

502 

122 

38 

448 

24 

62 

40 

135 

217 

42 

11 

82 

58 

111 

166 

14 



,374 

,015 

,492 

,772 

,255 

,072 

,104 

,350 

,162 

,810 

,262 

,771 

,209 

,092 

,568 

,403 

,908 

,543 

,313 

,395 

,286 

,574 

,326 

,099 

,212 

,655 

,567 

,468 

,928 

,885 

,721 

,406 

,049 

,785 

,706 

,288 

,266 

,608 

,302 

,601 

,500 

,946 

,691 

,418 

,632 

,918 



665 

1,194 

n,770 

5,538 

2,380 

677 

553 

1,069 

1,968 

29,364 

18,045 

9,837 

5,033 

5,887 

*ii487 

3,302 

4,379 

16,705 

10,229 

*4i284 

827 

6,179 

* "965 

4.934 

22,667 

i',563 
11,402 

*2i682 
36,694 
1,016 

*4i639 

300 

1,634 

802 

1,111 

4,700 

5,139 

11,564 

66 



1, 
5, 
28, 
7, 
5, 

3, 

6, 

34, 

13, 

8, 

12. 

4, 

2, 

1. 

2, 

10, 

11, 

14, 

16, 
5, 
3, 
2, 
1, 
10, 
38, 

2. 
33, 
21, 

7, 
33, 

1 

2, 
1, 

7, 
4, 



399 

842 

669 

960 

110 

240 

747 

684 

400 

711 

476 

287 

420 

186 

638 

758 

323 

781 

627 

094 

978 

431 

855 

524 

103 

299 

263 

461 

346 

421 

795 

779 

339 

913 

,365 

101 

846 

870 

870 

895 



255 
14,177 

3,679 
28,164 

1,715 



7,677,544 
1,271,837 



6,405,707 



251,660 



420,464 



608 



1,680 
643 



404 



1,018 
1,086 



868 



1,196 

8,877 



721 



1,222 
183 



1,568 
1,026 



1,946 
16,965 



633 

1,193 

261 



333 



1,276 
1,165 



162 
434 



176 



25 



314 



1,081 
944 



106 



16 



14,021 



495 

289 

4,278 

728 

28 
1,356 

77 

119 

7.724 

514 

404 

68 
200 

79 
700 
485 
19,239 
734 
402 

402 
443 

486 

584 

2.922 

36,817 

43 

439 

244 

289 

1.057 

1,105 

42 

88 
832 
116 

87 
804 

51 
249 

46 

64 



29,108. 83.628 



408 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



ELECTORAL VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1904 AND 1908. 



States 



1904 



> 

V 
(0 

8 



u 

V 

u 



1908 






c 

u 



Alabama 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut . . . , 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine , 

^Maryland 

"Massachusetts . 

"Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi . . . . 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 
New Jersey — 

New York 

North Carolina 
North Dakota . 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania . . 
Hhode Island . . 
South Carolina 
South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington . . . 
West Virginia 
Wisconsin . . . . . 
Wyoming 

Totals 









• • • • 


11 
9 

• • • • 


• • • • 


• • • • 

10 
6 

7 


• • • • 

10 


• • • • 

• • • • 


• • • • 

7 


3 


• • • • 

5 
13 


3 


• • • • 

• • • • 


• • • • 

• • • • 


3 


• • • • 


3 


27 


• • • • 


27 


15 


• • • • 


15 


13 


• • • • 


13 


10 


• • • • 


10 


• • • • 


13 
9 

• • • • 


• • • • 


• • • • 

6 


• • • • 

6 


1 


7 


2 


16 


• • • • 


16 


14 


• • • • 


14 


11 


• • • • 


11 


• • • • 


10 


• • • • 


18 


• • • • 


18 


3 


• • • • 


3 


8 


• • • • 


• • • • 


3 


• • • • 


• • • • 


4 


• • • • 


4 


12 


• • • • 


12 


39 


• • • • 


39 


• • • • 


12 


• • • • 


4 


• • • • 


4 


23 


• • • • 


23 


• • • • 

4 


• • ■ • 

• • • • 


• • • • 

4 


34 


• • • • 


84 


4 


• • • • 

9 

• • • • 


4 


• • • • 

4 


• • • • 

4 


• • • • 


•12 


• • • • 


• • • • 


18 


• • • • 


3 


• • • • 


8 


4 


• • • • 


4 


• • • • 


12 


• • • • 


5 


• • • • 


5 


7 


• • • • 


7 


13 


• • • • 


13 


3 


• • * • 


8 


336 


140 


821 



11 

9 



6 

13 



13 
9 

» • • 

6 



10 



8 
3 



12 

» • • 

7 

» • • 
» • • 

9 

> • • 

12 
18 

» • • 

12 



• • • • 

• • • • 



108 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 409 



UNITED STATES SENATE. 



Expiration of Terms of Senators. 

CLASS I.— SENATORS WHOSE TERMS OF SERVICE EXPIRE 

MARCH 3* 1911. 

(Thirty senators in this class.) 

Aldrich, Nelson W. (R) Providence, R. I. 

Beveridge, Albert J. (R) Indianapolis, Ind. 

Bulkeley, Morgan G. (R) Hartford, Conn. 

Burkett, Elmer J. (R) Lincoln, Neb. 

Burrows, Julius C. (R) Kalamazoo, Mich. 

Carter, Thomas H. (R) Helena, Mont. 

Clapp, Moses E. (R) St. Paul, Minn. 

Clark, Qarence D. (R) Evanston, Wyo. 

Culberson, Charles A. (D) Dal'as, Tex. 

Daniel, John W. (D) Lynchlnirjr, Va. 

Depew, Chauncey M. (R) New York City 

Dick, Charles (R) Akron, Ohio 

du Pont, Henry A. (R) Winterthur, Del. 

Flint, Frank P. (R) Los Angeles, Cal. 

Frazier, James B. (D) Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Hale, Eugene (R) Ellsworth, Me. 

Kean, John (R) Elizabeth, N. J. 

XaFollette, Robert M. (R) Madison, Wis. 

Lodge, Henry Cabot (R) Nahant , Mass. 

McCumber, Porter J. (R) Wahpeton, N. D. 

Money, Hernando D. (D) Carrollton, Miss. 

"Nixon, George S. (R) Reno , Nev. 

Oliver, George T. (R) Pittsbiirg, Pa. 

Page, Carroll S. (R) Hyde Park, Vt. 

Piles, Samuel H. (R) Seattle, Wash. 

Raynor, Isidor (D) Baltimore , Md. 

Scott, Nathan B. (R) Wheeling, W. Va. 

Sutherkind, George (R) Salt Lake City, Utah 

Taliaferro, James P. (D) Jacksonville, Fla. 

Warner, William (R) Kansas City, Mo. 

CLASS II.— SENATORS WHOS