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STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



1903 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



CONTAINING THE 



Constitution of North Dakota, 

The Constitution of the United States^ 



ALSO 



RULES AND STANDING COMMITTEES 

I 

OF THE EIGHTH LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY 



AND 



HISTORICAL, STATISTICAL AND POLITICAL 

INFORMATION 



Published by Authority 



BISMARCK, N. D. : 

TRIBUNE, STATE PRINTERS AND BINDERS, 

1903. 



D. 06 



161416 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



ADMISSION PROCLAMATION 

ALTITUDES IN NORTH DAKOTA 

ARMY— 

commanders-in-chief 

ATTORNEYS— 

list of In North Dakota 

registered law students 

BOARDS— 

trustees of public institutions 

CABINET OFFICERS 

CENSUS- 

North Dakota by counties, 1900 

North Dakota by counties, 1890 

North Dakota cities and towns, 1890 and 1900 
U. S., 1890 and 1900 • 

COMMITTEES— 

senate standing 

house standing 

joint 

political 

CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION— 

date of 

members of 

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES . 
amendments 

CONSTITUTION OF NORTH DAKOTA 

amendments 

COUNTY OFFICIALS 

COUNTIEIS— 

names, county seats 

COURTS— 

district, terms of 

supreme, terms of 

federal, terms of 

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 

DIRECTORY— 

state officers and boards (front part of book) 
U. S. Officials and cabinet 

ELECTION STATISTICS— 

members of legislature, 1902 

district Judges, 1900 

member of congress, 1902 

members of congress prior to 1902 

on prohibition 

on adoption of constitution 

Eopular vote for president, 1896, 1900 
y precincts in each county for 1902 

governor, prior to 1902 

state officers, 1902 

ELECTORAL VOTE, 1896, 1900 

ENABLING ACT 



61, 62 
213 

233 

207-210 
210 

vl-x 
219-225 

199 

199 

251, 252 

214 

7, S 

16-1» 

g 

xii-xvi 

126 
12S 

27-37 
39-43 

63-112^ 
113-114 

204, 20& 

204, 20& 

20& 
vl 

VI 

23-2& 

v-x 

218-231 

144-152 

153, 154 

190 

156-161 

155 

155 

211 

162-189 

156-161 

190-195 

211 

49-60 



CONTENTS. 



FEDERAL OFFICIALS— 

list of, and salaries 

GOVERNORS OF STATES AND TERRITORIES 
salaries 

HI8TORT OF NORTH DAKOTA 

HOLIDAYS 

HOUSE COMMITTEES ... 

INSURANCE COMPANIES- 

aathorized to do business in North Dalcota .... 

JUDICIARY— 

members of supreme court 

memuers of district court 

Judicial districts 

Justices U. S. supreme court 

circuit courts, etc 

district courts of U. S 

JUDGBS- 

dlstrict, vote 1900 

state, TOte, 1902 

LEGISLATIVE DISTRICTS 

LEGISLATURE— 

rules of senate and house, 1903 

members of, 1903 

senate committees, 1903 

house committees, 1903 

rules, joint, 1903 

MEASURES AND DISTANCES 

MONEY- 
various kinds in circulation 

NATURALIZATION LAWS 

NEWSPAPERS IN NORTH DAKOTA 

NORTH DAKOTA— admission of into union 

NORTH DAKOTA STATE GUARD— ROSTER . 

OFFICERS— (see Territorial Officers, State Officers 

POLITICS- 

republican state committee 

independent and democrat state committee 

national committees 

POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESIDENT— 

1896 and 1900 

POPULATION— 



United States bjr states, 1890 and 1900 
North Dakota by counties, 1900 



North Dakota cities and towns, 1900 

POST OFFICES- 

In North Dakota 

presidential In North Dakota 

POSTAL INFORMATION 

PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES 

electoral vote, 1896, 1900 

pay of 

PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS- 

name and location 

REPRESENTATION- 

ROSTER OF NORTH DAKOTA MILITIA 

RULES- 

senate 

house 

joint 



225-22S 

202, 203 
202, 203 

45-47 

231 

16-18 

234-036 

VI 
VI 

153, 154 

218, 219 

229 

230 

153. 154 
190-195 

144-152 

1-21 
140-143 

7, 8 
16-18 
19-21 

216, 217 

201 

260, 251 

244-249 

61. 62 

236, 237 



xii 

xUJ 

xlv-xvi 

211 

214 

199 

251, 252 

237-243 
244 

215, 216 

232 

211 

202, 203 

212 

144-152 

236, 237 

1-6 

8-16 

19-21 



CONTENTS. 



SENATE COMMITTEES 

STATE BOARD OP EQUALIZATION- 

members of 

meeting of * 

STATE INSTITUTIONS— 

names and location , 



STATE LEQISLATURES- 

members first session, 1889-00 

members second session. 1891 

members third session, 1893 

members fourth session, 1895 

members fifth session, 1897 

members sixth session, 1899 

members seventh session, 1901 

members eighth session, 1903 

STATE OFFICERS— 

prior to 1903 

for 1903-1904 (front part of book) 

salaries :. 

SUPREME COURT OF THE U. S 

-T'ERRITORIALi LEQISLATURES- 

members of 

TERRITORIAL OFFICERS— 

from organization of territory 

U. S. GOVERNMENT— 

executive, cabinet, judiciary, pay, etc 

U. S. SENATORS FROM NORTH DAKOTA 

VICE PRESIDENTS 

VOTE— (see election statistics.) 

WEIGHTS-legal 



7,8 

vll 
vll 

131 
132 
133 
134 
135 
136 
137-139 
140-143 

129, 130 

V, vl 

212 

229 

117-125 

U5-m 

219-231 

xi 

233 

231 



OFFICIAL DIRECTORY. 



State Government. 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. ' 

^rank White, Grovernor, Bismarck. 

A. Li. Woods, Private Secretary, Bismarck. 
Ara Waggoner, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

Dayid Bartlett, Lieutenant GrOvernor, Cooperstown. 

DEPARTMENT OP STATE. 

B. F. Porter, Secretary of State, Bismarck. 
J^rank Lawrence, Deputy, Bismarck. 
Peter Roth, Clerk, Bismarck. 

AUDITOR'S DEPARTMENT. 

H. L. Holmes, Auditor, Bismarck. 
. K. N. Wylie, Deputy, Bismarck. 
Carl O. Jorgenson, Clerk, Bismarck. 

TREASURER'S DEPARTMENT. 

I>. H. McMillan, Treasurer, Bismarck. 
M. M. Cook, Deputy, Bismarck. 
Ellen Mitchell, Clerk, Bismarck. 

INSURANCE DEPARTMENT. 

Ferdinand Leutz, Commissioner, Bismarck. 
"W. C. Qilbreath, Deputy, Bismarck. 
Belle Dietrich, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

LEGAL DEPARTMENT. 

C. N. Frich, Attorney General, Bismarck. 
John F. Philbrick, Assistant, Bismarck. 

DEPARTMENT OP PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 

W. L. Stock well, Superintendent, Bismarck. 

E. J. Taylor, Deputy, Bismarck. 

Sam Parker, Clerk, Bismarck. 

Florence M. Baldwin, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

BUREAU OF LABOR AND STATISTICS. 

R. J, Turner, Commissioner of Agriculture and Labor, Bis- 
marck. 
'Guy J. DeFrance, Deputy, Bismarck. 
Cora G. Simpson, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

COMMISSIONERS OF RAILROADS. 

C. J. Lord, Cando, Chairman; J. F. Shea, Wahpeton; Andrew 

Schatz, Fessenden. 
<;. C. Hammond, Secretary, Bismarck. 



vi LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

LAND DEPARTMENT. 

Board of University and School Lands — Superintendent of Pub- 
lic Instruction, Ooyernor, Attorney General, Secretary of State» 
State Auditor. 

D. J. Laxdal, Commissioner, Bismarck. 

W. E. Coatee, Deputy, Bismarck. 

Walter Brown, Clerk. Bismarck. 

T. H. Poole, Clerk. Bismarck. 

Nannie Mudgett, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE. 

State Supreme Court — 

N. C. xouBg, Chief Justice, Fargo. 

D. E. Morgan, Associate Justice, DeVlls Lake. 

John M. Cochrane, Associate Justice, Grand Forks. 

R. D. Hofikins, Clerk of Supreme Court, Bismarck. 

F. W. Ames, Reporter Supreme Court, MayvilFe. 

District Judges— First district, Chas. J. Flsk. Grand Forks; 
Second dleftrict, John Cowan, Devils Lake; Third district, Charles 
A. Pollock, Fargo; Fourth district, W. S. Lauder, Wahpeton; 
Fifth district, S. K Glaspell, Jamestown; Sixth district, W. H. 
Winchester, Bismarck; Seventh district, W. J. Kneeshaw, Pem- 
bina; Eighth district, L. J. Palda, Minot. 

FEDERAL OFFICIALS. 

United States Circuit Judges— Hon. H. C. Caldwell, Little 
Rock, Ark.; Hon. Walter H. Sanborn, St. Paul, Minn.; Hon. Amos 
M. Thayer, St. Louis, Mo. 

United States District Judge — ^Hon. Charles F. Amldon, Fargo, 
N. D. 

United States Marshal — John E. Haggart, Fargo, N. D. 

United States Attorney — ^P. H. Rourke, Lisbon, N. D. 

Clierk at Un&ted States District and United States Circuit 
Courts — J. A. Montgomery, Fargo, N. D. 

Deputy Clerks — P. E. Byrne, Bismarck; H. N. Hamilton, 
Grand Forks; D. G. Duell, Devils Lake. 

Surveyor General — ^E. A. Williams, Bismarck, N. D. 

Deputy United States Revenue Collectors— -J. E. Cooley, Grand 
Forks; Harry Cotmwall, Jamestown, N. D. 

National Bank Examiner — ^W. A. Gordon, Grand Forks. 

Collector of Customs— IN. E. Nelson, Pembina. 

OONGRESSIIONAL. 

United States Senators— Henry C. Hansbrough, Devils Lake, N. 
D.; Porter J. McCumber, Wahpelton, N. D. 

Representatives at Large In Congress — ^Thomas F. Marshall, 
Oakes; Burleigh F. Spalding, Fargo. 

TERMS OF SUPREME AND U. S. COURTS. 

Supreme Court — ^March term: Fourth Tuesday in March at 
Fargo, and fourth Tuesday In April at Bismarck. September 
term: TMrd Tuesday In September at Grand Forks, and third 
Tuesday in October at Bismarck. 

United States Court — At Bismarck, first Tuesday in March; 
Devils Lake, first Tuesday in July; Fargo, third Tuesday In May; 
Grand Forks, second Tuesday In November. 

MILITIA. 

Commander in Chief — Governor Frank White, Bismarck. 
Adjutant General — ^E. S. Miller, Bismarck. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA yii 

MISCBLJLANBOUS BOARDS AND OFFICERS. 

Oil Inspector— L. W. Schmth, Fargo. 

State Examiner— Evan S. Tyler, Bismarck; Deputies— H. G. 
Proctor, W. A. Dillon, 

State Game Wardens — First district, C. A. Hale, Grand Forks; 
second district, H. C. Stenshoel, Valley City. 

State Board of Equalization — Governor, Auditor, Treasurer, At- 
torney Greneral and Commlseioner of Agriculture and Labor, 
Sessions at Capitol first Tuesday In August of each year.' 

Historical Commission — Governor, Auditor, Secretary of State, 
Commissioner of Agriculture and Labor, and the President of the 
North Dakota Historical Society (Col. C. A. Loimsberry). 

State Historical Society of North Dakota— President, C. A. 
Iiounsberry; vice president, M. H. Jewell; secretary, O. G. 
Ldbby; Treasurer, j. L. Cashel. 

Board of Pardons — ^Frank White, Crovemor; C. N. B*rich. Attor- 
ney General; N. C. Toung, Chief Justice Supreme Court; R. S. 
Adams, Lisbon; F. C. Falkensteln, Bottineau. 

State Auditing Board — Governor. Attorney General, State Aud- 
itor. 

TRUSTEES OF PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS. ETC. 

There are boards to be filled from time to time by appoint- 
ment by the governor, or by nomination by the governor and con- 
firmation by the senate, as follows: Dental examiners, (5); med* 
leal examiners, (9); state board of health, (3); veterinarians. (10) 
—one from each veterinarian district; veterinarian medical exam<» 
iners, (8); state board of agriculture, (3); trustees of reform 
school, (5); penitentiary, (5); hospital for Insane, (5); normal 
schools — ^Mayvllle and Valley City, (5 each); agricultural college, 
(7); university, (5); blind asylum, (5) school for the deaf, (5); 
industrial school, (5); board of pharmacy, (3); soldiers' home (5); 
board of barber examiners, (3); institntlon for feeble minded, 
(5); academy of science, (5); optometry board, (5). 

TRUSTEES AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. 

Maynard Crane, Cooperstown, term expires first Tuesday in 
April, 1905. 

J. D. Moulder, Fargo, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1906. 

Charles McKlssick, MayvlUe, term expires first Tuesday in 
April, 1907. 

S. S. Lyon, Fargo, term expires first Tuesday In April, 1007. 

Addison Leech, Warren, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1907. 

Alex Stern, Fargo, term expires first Tuesday In April, 1907. 

Byron Stone, LaMoure, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1905. 

TRUSTEES DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. 

A. O. Whipple, Devils Lake, term expires first Tuesday in 
April 1906. 
L. A. Larson, Rugby, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1905. 
M. F. Falahay, Cando, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1905. 
A. J. F. Volgt, Leeds, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
Alex McLean, Penn, term expires first Tuesday In April, 1907. 

TRUSTEES BLIND ASYLUM. 

G. H. Garnett, St. Thomas, term expires third Monday In Feb 
ruary, 1907. 

John Mager, Walhalla, term expires third Monday in February, 
1905. 

Louis Capitan, Neche, term expires third Monday In February. 
1905. 

Benjamin James, Bathgate, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruary, 1907. 

J. B. Robinson, Bathgate, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruary, 1907. 



^iii LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



DIRECTORS STATE SC3HOOL OF FORESTRY. 

I>avld Clark, Bottineau, term expires first Tuesday In April, 
1907. 

Ole Roland, Bottineau, term expires first Tuesday In April, 1905. 

Hans A. Rothgarn, Towner, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1907. 

TRUSTEES STATE HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 

C. F. Mudgett, Valley City, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1905. 

S. G. More, Buffalo, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1905. 

Frank Ingalls, Jamestown, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1907. 

James Hackney, New Rockfo«J, term expires first Tuesday in 
April, 1907. 

M. L. Elken, Mayville, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 

TRUSTEES INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL. 

Thos. Sefton, Ellendale, term expires third Monday in February, 
1905. 

J. B. Taylor, Monango, term expires third Monday in February, 
1905. 

Arthur M. Farley, Ashley, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
rrary, 19D7. 

Walter H. Boomer, Cayuga, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruary, 1907. 

Chap. J, Sturgeon, Edgeley, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruary, 1907. 

TRUSTEES MAYVILLE NORMAL SCHOOL. 

C. M. Johnson, Dwight, term expires second Tuesday in April, 
1905. 

C. S. Edwards, Mayville, term expires second Tuesday in April, 
1905. 

B. S. Russell, Jamestown, term expires second Tuesday in 
April, 1907. 

E. Y. Sarles, Hillsboro, term expires second Tuesday in April, 
1907. 

Edward MeilLcke, Lynchburg, term expires second Tuesday in 
April 1907. 

TRUSTEES VALLEY CITY NORMAL 9QHOOL. 

Nels Larson, Dazey, term expires second Tuesday in April, 1905. 

Amasa P. Peake, Valley City, term expires second Tuesday in 
April, 1905. 

David Lloyd, Cathay, term expires second Tuesday in April, 
1905. 

W. T. Smith, Kenmare, term expires second Tuesday in April, 
1907. 

A. L. Martin, Sentinel Butte, term expires second Tuesday in 
April, 1907. 

TRUSTEES STATE PENITENTIARY. 

C. D. Edick. Bismarck, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1905. 

Edward Braddock, Willlarasport, term expires first Tuesday in 
Apml, 1905. ^ r^ ^ . 

W. J. Westergaard, Valley City, term expires first Tuesday m 
April, 1^"5 

A.T. Crowl, Dickinson, term expires first Tuesday in April, 

1907 
Franklin Potter, Casselton, term expires first Tuesday in April, 

1907. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA ix 

TRUSTEES SOLDIERS' HOME. 

State Commander G. A. R., ex-offlelo. 
Morris F. Brown, Lisbon, 1905. 

B. C. Gearey, Fargo, 1905. 
Harris Gardner, liisbon, 1907. 
John D. Black, Valley City, 1907. 

TRUSTEE® STATE REFORM SCHOOL. 

C. A. Heegaard, Mandan, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1905. 

T. W. Allshouse. Steele, term expires first Tuesday In April, 
1905. 

Henry Gilbert, Sentinel Butte, term expiree first Tuesday in 
April, 1907. 

W. H. Webb, Jr., Bismarck, term expires first Tuesday In 
April, ISOd. 

W. J. Etherlngton, Sanger, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1907. 

TRUSTEES UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA. 

Wm. Budge, Grand Forks, life mem'jer. 

Geo. E. Towle, Park River, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1905. 

Stephen Collins, Grand Forks, term expires first Tuesday in 
April, 1905. 

A. J. Gronna, Lakota, term expires first Tuesday in April, 19^15. 
Herman Shirley, Enderlin, term expires first Tuesday in April, 

1907. 

TRUSTEES INSTITUTION FOR FEEBLE MINDED. 

W. C. Treumann, Grafton, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1907. 

J. E. Gray, Grafton, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
J. M. Wylie, Drayton, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1907. 
W. J. Price, Fargo, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1905. 

B. T. Kraabel, Hope, term expires first Tuesday In April, 1905. 

BOARD OF AGRICULTURE. 

D. R. Taylor, Mandan, term "expires 1905. 

J. V. T. Klebert, Center, term expires 1905. 
James Holland, Bismarck, term expires 1905. 

STATE BOARD OF DENTAL EXAMINERS. 

S. Rowan, Hillsboro, term expires April 10, 1904. 
R. S. Ramsey, Grand Forks, term expires March 1, 1905. 
H. L. Starling, Fargo, term expires February 20, 1906. 
Geo. R. T>eonard. Mandan, term expires February 25, 1907. 
George McDonald, Jamestown, term expires 1908. 

STATE BOARD OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS. 

G. A. Carpenter, Fargo, term expires Dec. 17. 1905. 

H. M. Wheeler, Grand Forks, term expires Dec. 11, 1905. 

F. J. Campbell, Fargo, term expires Dec. 17, 1905. 

J. P. Aylen, Sheldon, leriii expires July 1, 1906. 

F. H. Fowler, Anamoose. term expires Julv 1. 1906. 

Wm. F. Hobart, Leonard, term expires January 15, 1904. 

H. J. Rowe, Casselton, term expires September 2, 1904. 

W. R. DePuy. Grafton, term expires September 2, 1901. 

L. Goeschell, Mandan, term expires Dec. 17, 1905. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



STATE BOARD OP PHARMACY. 

H. L. HauMamen. Grafton, term expires Aug. 25, 1005. 

W. ». Parker, Lisbon, term expires July 21, 1906. 

H. E. White, Jamestown, term expires August 21 1904. 

STATE BOARD OF HEALTH, 

C, N. FHch, Attorney General, President, ex-offlcio member. 

G. F. Erskine, Hamilton, Vice. President, term expires first 
Tuesday in April. 3,005. 

Superintendent Public Health — (Dr. H. H. Healey, Grand Forks, 
term expires first Tuesday in April, 1005. 

STATE BOARD OF VETERINARY MEDICAL EXAMINERS. 

S. P. Smith, term expires Aug. 21, 1905. 

J. N. Sheppard, Langdon, term expires April 1, 1906. 

E. J. Davidson, Grand Forks, term expires April 1, 1904. 

STATE BOARD BARBER EXAMINERS. 

M. G. Burke, Valley City, term expires July 17, 1004. 
Chas. H. Bell, Oakes, term expires July 17, 1006. 
Herbert B. Duell, Cando, term expires March 30, 1905 

DISTRICT VETERINARIANS. 

First District — Paul Bilden, Northwood. 
Second District — ^W. F. Crewe, Devils Lake. 
Third District— D. Fisher, Grandin. 
Fourth District — S. W. Teal, Oakes. 
Fifth District — C. A. Anderson, Valley City, 
Sixth District — ^Wm. Mackln, Mandan. 
Seventh District — ^A. F. Elliott, Milton. 
Eighth District— R. H. Treacy, Bismarck. 
Ninth District — ^Argo Raymond, Willow City. 
Tenth District — ^F. W. Tompkins, Oberon. 

Terms of all district veterinarians expire on the 5th day of 
Marcli, 1005. 

TRUSTEES ACADEMY OF SCIENCE 

W. R. Purdon, Wahpeton. 

G. W Horton, Wahpeton 

Geo Cook, Page. 

John H. Movlus, Lidgerwood. 

R. B. Cox, Wimbledon. 

Terms expire on first Tuesday in April, 1905. 

OPTOMETRY BOARD. 

A. O. Wold, Pres., Langdon. 
E. A Nelson, Sec, Hlllsboro. 

D. D. Sullivan, Fargo. 
L Hanson, Devils Lake. 
A. W. Blakely, Minto. 
Teims expire July 31, 1906. 

OFFICIALS OF DISTRICT COURT. 



Judge 



Residence 



Stenographer 



Residence 



1 
2 
3 

4 
5 
G 

7 
8 



Chas. J. Flsk... 
John Cowan.... 
Chas. A. Pollock 
W. S. Lauder... 
Sam'l Glaspell... 
W. H.Winchester 
W. J. Kneeshaw 
L. J. Palda 



Grand Forks. 
Dev.ls Lake.. 

Fargo 

Wahpeton.... 
Jamestown. .. 

Bismarck 

Pembina 

Minot 



Chas. Madsen..< 
C. E. Taylor.... 
H. G. Edwards, 

Guy Dlvet 

E. S. Rose. ... . 
R. M. Tuttle. .. 
W. M. Prince... 



Grand Forks 
.Devils Lake 

Fargo 

...Wahpeton 
..Jamestown 

Mandan 

Grafton 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



xt 



UNITED STATES COMMISSIONERS FOR NORTH DAKOTA. 



Allison, Robt. P..New Rockford 
Auld, George. ...... .Dftckiiison 

Blaisdell, Alfred Minot 

Bftirettf M. J .*..... .Minot 

Bowen. Edward W. ...Forman 

Brooke, James V Cando 

Brownson, E. R •Williston 

Bryant, Geo. A Napoleon 

Calderwood, R. M. ...Williston 
Carothers, R. M. .Grand Forks 

Conmy, mL W (Pembina 

OoTell, A* Q Srkeeton 

Cox, Edwin F ..willlstcm 

Crockett, Selden Rngby 

Fairbanks, Wm. C Lakota 

FUik, Frank Bottineau 

FHttie, John Bottineau 

Fraser, O. M Grafton 

Fruit, Henry D Lakota 

Gage, James R Bismarck 

Hanchett, John O. ..Fessenden 
Hardaway, Bjm. Ii...WiIll8ton 

Hawker, Mark Bottineau 

Jones, Henry M LaMoure 

Lewis, John H. Minot 

Iiamb, E. A Washburn 



Lane, Chas. S linton 

Lindstrom, C. LM. Innewaukan 
Maddux, C. J.... New Rockford 
Maher, John W. ...Devils Lake 

McCllntock, Wm. C Rugby 

McCulloch, James T.. Washburn 

McGhee, Geo. A :• Minot 

McLaughlin, D. F Cando 

McLean, F. W .Langdon 

Montgomery, J. A E\irgo 

Mooney, w. J Langdon 

Murphy, James A... Jamestown 

Nuessle, Wm. L Washburn 

Phelan, Charles J.... Dickinson 

PInney, Earl D Minot 

Pendroy, Levi B Towner 

Perry, H. H. Ellendale 

Richmond, E. L. .MinnewaukaQ 
Serumgard, 9iver... Devils Lake 

Shaw, Benjanmin W Mandan 

Shaw, Geo. K., Jr ..Fessenden 

Soule, Geo. M Towner 

Stanley, Charles H Steele 

Thompson. Harry H ....Cando 
Wishek, John H Ashley 



REFEREES IN BANKRUPTCY. 
Guy L. Wallace, Fargo | H. L. Whlthed Grand Forks 

U. S. SENATORS SINCE STATEHOOD. 

Gilbert A. Pierce, Bismarck Term expiring March 3, 1881 

Lyman R. Casey, Jamestown Term expiring March 3, 1893 

H. C. Hansbrough, Devils Lake Term expiring March 8, 1909 

Wm. N. Roach, Lai4more Term expiring March 3, 1899 

P. J. McCumber, Wahpeton'. Term expiring March 3. 1906 

REPRESENTATIVES SINCE STATEHOOD. 

H. C. Hansbrough, Devils Lake 1890 

Martin N. Johnson, Petersburg 1891-189& 

•B. F. Spalding, Fargo 1899-1900 

•rrhos. F. Marshall, Oakes 1901-1902 

•Re-elected for term beginniug 1903. 
••Re-elected for term beginning 1903. 

UNITED STATES LAND OFFICERS. 

R:on»o,.»ir J A. C. McGillivrav, Register. 

Bismarck -j j^^^ Satterlund, Receiver. 

aranA i?r>rirQ i GooFge B. Wlnshlp, Register. 

Grand Forks j John Nelson, Receiver; 

Df^vils T^Ita i &^® Serumgaard, Register, 

l^evils LAHe ^ jjgjjjpy jj. Baird. Receiver. 

o-__- 5 C. C Schuyler, Register. 

^^^^^ 1 D. C. Tufts, Receiver. 

iff-^f. 3 R. C. Sanborn, Register. 

'^^^^ 1 T. E. Fox, Receiver. 



Xll i.*KUai4ATIVE MANUAL. 



i^XKTY ORGANIZATIONS. 



Republican. 

uiaiH'marAN state central committee. 

I., a U\NN\. Chairman, Fargo. 

M. \\. JWVVlOhU HeorHary, Bismarck. 

J. U, HAMU/IH'N, Kxecutlve Secretary, Grand Forks. 

MEMBERS. 

I. A. Hhort, Pembina. 

a. J. U. (JIbHon, St. Thomas. 

a, Kuil J. Parup. Park River. 

i. (JuuUer Olaon, Grofton. • 

U, J. H. Mathews, Larimore. 

rtU'i'iuMi Oolllns, Grand Forks. 

7. Wmiam Jludge, Grand Forks. 

K. J. W. I»n»»l8on, Hillsboro. 

0. Juiut^H Kennedy, Fargo. 

10. (hH». J>. Urown, Wild Rice. 

W. a (^, More, Buffalo. 

I a. Wluier H. Myrha, Wahpeton. 

13. A. N. Curlblom, Forman. 

U, U. H. Adnms, Lisbon, 

l... J. U. lUnek, Valley City, 

to. l>.ivid Hartlett, Cooperstown. 

17. W. J. Plercp, Lakota. 

\H. W. A. Laldlaw, Langdon. 

11). A. O. Graham, Rolla. 

20. A. J. F. Volgt, Leeds. 

21. A. t). Whipple, Devils Lake. 

22. Win. P. Atkln*:, Cando. 

23. Hurry (Cornwall, Eldridge. 

24. U. W. S. Blackwell, LaMoure. 

25. Oi'O. W. Irwin, Ellendale. 

26. (\ A. Patterson, Linton. 

27. N. F. Boucher, Bismarck. 

28. G. K. Vlkan, Bottineau. 

29. JiuuoB Johnson, Mlnot. 

30. W. C. Gllbreath. Mandan. 

31. H. II. Johnson, Dickinson. 

32. J. K. Gatehouse, Carrlngton. 

33. F. W. Schlechter, Fessenden. 

34. Goo. H. Stevens, Towner. 

35. John Satterlund, Washburn. 

36. G. O. Gulack, Ashley. 

37. Matthew Lynch, Lldgerwood. 

38. Wm. Cruff, Sr., Lucca. 

39. W. H. Robinson, MayvUle. 

40. B. Prom, Milton. 

At large, L. B. Hanna, Fargo. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE— 1st District. Wm. Budge; 2nd Dis- 
trict, Geo. H. Stevens; 3rd District, J. E. Paulson; 4th Dis- 
trict, R. S. Adams; 5th District. J. D. Black; 6th District, 
W. C. Gllbreath; 7th District, W. A. Laldlaw. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA xiii 

Democratic. 

DEMOCRATIC STATE CENTRAL COMMITTEE. 

•B. S. BRYNJOLFSON, Chairman, Grand Forks. 
JOHN CONNOLLY, Secretary, Grafton. 

^ 1. F. C. Myrick, Pembina. 

2. M. Brynjolfaon, Cavalier. 

3. John Wyllie, Park River. 

4. James Bell, Mlnto. 

5. David Gorman, McCanna. 

6. B. S. Brynjolfson, Grand Forks. 

7. Geo. B. Davis, Grand Forks. 

8. T. H. Woldy, Buxton. 

9. E. E. Cole, Fargo. 

10. F. L. Richter, Fargo. 

11. Bnos. Gray, Embden. 

12. M. N. Eiarly, Wahpeton. 

13. R. P. Irving, Forman. 

14. M. L. Engle, Lisbon. 

15. N. P. Rasmussen, Valley City. 

16. Benjamin. Tufte. Cooperstown. 

17. A. G. Tanton, Lakota. 

18. H. D. AUert, Langdon. 

19. Frank Peltier, Dunseith. 

20. E. B. Page, Leeds. 

21. Slver Senimgard, Devils Lake. 

22. Alex. Carrie, Cando. 

23. Marlon Conklin, Jamestown. 

24. A. W. Porter, LaMoure. 

25. Ed. N. Leiby, Ellendale. 

26. F. H. Cotton, Braddock. 

26. F. B. Brundage. Dawson. 

27. O. H. Will, Bismarck. 

28. William Collins, Bottineau. 

29. D. C. Greenleaf, Minot. 

29. John Bruegger, Williston. 

30. G. F. Weinreich, Mandan^ 

31. O. E. Foote, Dickinson. 

32. F. D. Norton, New Rockford. 

32. J. D. Faxon, Carrington. 

33. C. J. Schmitt, Sykeston. 

34. Horace Bagley, Towner. 

34. F. H. McDermont, Rugby. 

35. Chas. G. Forbes. Washburn. 

35. Chas. H. Harris, Butte. 

36. Anton Fisher, Wishek. 

36. M. R. Farrell, Napoleon. 

37. M. A. Wlpperman, Hankinson. 

38. J. M. Olson, Litchville. 

39. Samuel Torgerson, Mayville. 

40. Gustav Brecke, Milton. 



xiv LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Republican National Committee, 1900. 

M. A. HANNA, Ohio, Chairman. 

PERRY S. HEATH, Indiana, Secretary. 
CX)RNBLnJS N. BLISS, New York, Treasurer. 
VOLNEY W. POSTER, Illinois, Assistant Treasurer. 
EDWIN F. BROW N,, Illinois, Sub.-Trefisurer. 
KjHEO. N. WI9WELL, Wisconsin, Sergeant-iat-Arms. 

MEMBERS. 

J. W. Demmick, Montgomery, Ala. 

Powell Clayton, Eureka Springs, Arkansas. 

W. C. Van Fleet, San Francisco, Cal. 

A. M. Stevenson, Denver, Colo. 

Charles F. Brooker, Ansonia, Conn. 

John Edward Addlcks, Wilmington, Del. 

John G. Long, St. Augustine, Fla. 

Judson W. Lyons, Augusta, Ga. 

D. W. Standrod, Pocatello, Idaho. 

Graeme Stewatt, Chicago, 111. 

Harry S. New, Indianapolis, Ind. " 

Ernest E. Hart, Council Bluffs, Iowa. 

David W. Mulvane, Topeka, Kan. 

John W. Yerkes, Danville, Ky. , 

Lewis S. Clark, Patterson, La. 

Joseph H. Manley, Augusta, Me. 

Louis E. McComas, Hagerstown, Maryland. 

George V. L. Meyer, Boston, Mass. 

J. W. Blodgett, Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Thomas H. Shevlin, Minneapolis, Minn. 

H. C. Turley, Natchez, Miss. r 

Richard C. Kerens, St. Louis, Mo. 

C. H. McLeod, Missoula, Mont. 

R. B. Schneider, Fremont, Neb. 

Patrick L. Flannigan, Reno, Nevada. 

J. H. Galllnger, Concord, N. H. 

Franklin T. Murphy, Newark, N. J. 

Frederick S. Gibbs, New York, N. Y. 

J. C. Prltchard, Marshall, N. C. 

Alexander McKenzle, Bismarck, N. D. 

Myron T. Herrick, Cleveland O. 

'QeoTge A. Steel, Portland, Ore. 

M. Stanley Quay, Beaver. Penn. 

Charles R. Brayton, Providence, R. I. 

John G. Capers, Charleston, S. C. 

J, M. Green, Chamberlain, S. D. '' 

W. P. Brownlow, M. C, Jonesboro, Tenn 

R. B. Hawley, M. C., Galveston^ Texas. 

O. J. Salisbury. Salt Lake City, Utah. ^ 

James W. Brock, Montpelier, Vt. 

George B. Bowden, NorfoUk, Va. 

N. B. Scott, Wheeling, W, Va. 

"George H. Baker, Gk)ldendale, Wash. 

Henry C. Payne, Milwaukee, Wis. 

William D. Vandevanter, Cheyenne, Wye 

John G. Healdt, Juneau, Alaska. 

W. M. Griffith, Tucson, Arizona. 

Solomon Luna, Los Lnnas, N. M. 

William Grimes, Kingfisher, Okla. 

William A. Mellette, Muskegon, I. T. 

Myron M. Parker, Washington, D. C. 

rSamuel Parker, Honolulu, Hawaii. 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA xv 

Democratic National Committee, 1900. 

JAMES K. JONES, Chairman, Washington, Ark. 

W. J. STONE, Vice Chairman, St. Louis, Mo. 
C. A. WALSH, Secretary, Ottumwa, la. 
M. F. DUNLAP, Treasurer. Jacksonville, 111. 

MEMBERS. 

Henry D. Clayton, Eufaula, Ala. 

L. L. Williams^ Juneau, Alaska. 

J. B. Breathett, Tucson, Ariz. 

J. P. Clark, Little Rock, Ark. 

M. F. Tarpey, Alapaieda, Cal. 

Adair Wilson, Denver, Col. 

H. S. Cummings, Stamford, Conn. 

R. R. Kenny, Dover, Del. 

GJeorge R. Raney, Tallahassee, Fla. 

Clark Howell, Jr., Atlanta, Ga. 

Wm. H. Cornwell, Honolulu, Hawaii. 

E. M. Wolfe, Mountain Home, Idaho: 

Thomas Gahan, Chicago, III. 

Thomas Taggart, Indianapolis, Ind. 

C. A. Walsh, Ottumwa, la. 

J. Q. Johnson, Peabody, Kan.^ 
Urey Woodson, Owensboro, Ky. 
N. C. Blanchard, Shreveport, La. 
George E. Hughes, Bath. Me. 
A. P. Gorman, Laurel, Md. 
George Fred Williams, Boston, Mass. 

D. J. Campau, Detroit, Mich. 
T. D. O'Brien, St. Paul, Minn. 

A. J. Russell, Meridian, Miss. 
William J. Stone, St. Louis, Mo. 
J. S. M. Nelll, Helena, Mont. 

J. C. Dahlman, Omaha. Neb. 
J. R. Ryan, Virginia City, Nev. 
True L Norris, Portsmouth, N. H. 
W. B. Qourley, Patterson, N. J. 
H. B. Ferguson, Albuquerque, N. M. 
N E. Mack, Buffalo, N. Y. 
Josephus Daniels, Raleigh, N. C. 
J. B. Eaton, Fargo, N. D. 
John R. McLean, Cincinnati, O. 
James R. Jacobs, Shawnee, Okla. 
M. A. Miller, Lebanon, Ore. 
J. M. Guffey Pittsburg, Pa. 
G. W. Green, Woonsocket, R I. 

B. R. Tillman, Trenton, S. C. 
Maris Taylor, Huron, S D. 
James M. Head, Nashville, Tenn. 
R. M. Johnson, Houston, Tex. 

D. C. Dunbar, Salt Lake Caty, Utah. 

Peter J. Otey, Lynchburg, Va. 

J. H. Senter; Montpeller, Vt. 

W. H. Dunphy, Walla Walla, Wash. 

John T. McQraw, Grafton, W. Va. 

T. E. Ryan, Waukesha, Wis. 

J. E. Osborne, Rawllngs, Wyo. 



xvi LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Silver Republican. 

(Appointed by the National Convention at Kansas City, Mo., 
May 1900.) 
D. C. Tlllotson, Chairman. Topeka, Kan. 
S. E. Corser, Secretary and Treasurer, Minneapolis, Minn. 
H. M. Creel, Devils Lake, Committeeman for North Dakota. 

People's Party. 

(Fusion.) 
(Appointed by the National Convention at Sioux Falls, S. D., 
May, 1900.) 
Marlon Butler, Chairman, Elliott, N. C. 
J. A. Edgerton Secretary, Denver, Col. 
Walter Muir, Hunter, Committeeman for North Dakota. 

People's Party. 

(Middle-of-the-Road.) 
(Appointed by the National Convention at Cincinnati, O., May, 
1900.) 
J. A. Parker. Cha'rman, Louisville, Ky. 
J. E. McBrlde, Secretary, Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Milton Park, Treasurer, Dallas, Tex. 

National Democratic. 

(Gold Democracy.) 
Charles Tracey, Chairman, Albany, N. Y. 
John P. Frenzel, Secretary, Indianapolis, Ind. 
Charles J. Cauda, Chairman Finance Committee, New York. 
H. L. Whithed, Committeeman for North Dakota. 

Prohibition. 

Oliver W. Stev<^art, Chairman, Chicago, 111. 
Samuel Dickie, Vice-Chairman, Albion, Mich. 
J. A. Tate,, Secretary, Nashville, Tenn. 

M. F. Kiff, Tower City, and J. T. Easterbrook, Jamestown, 
Committeemen for North Dakota. 



STATE 05" JMORTH DAKOTA 



RULES OF THE SENATE, 1903. 



ORDER OF DAILY BUSINESS 

After calling the Senate to order the followinr order shall 
govern : 

1. Prayer by the chaplain. 

2. Calling the roll. 

3. Reading and approval of the Journal. 

4. Unfinished business. 

5. Presentation of petitions and communications. 

6. Reports of standing committee.3 

7. Reports of select committees. 

8. Motions and resolutions. 

9. Introduction of bills, joint resolutions and memo* 

rials. 

10. Consideration of messages from the House. 

11. First reading of Senate bills, joint resolutions and 

memorials. 

12. Second reading of the same. 

13. Third reading of the same. 

14. First reading of House bills, joint resolutions and 

memorials. 

15. Second reading of the same 
3 6. Third reading of the same 

17. Consideration of general orders. 

r 

RULES. 

1. The President shall take the chair at 2 o'clock p. m., 
or the hour to which the Senate was adjourned, and call 
the Senate to order, and if a quorum be present he shall 
direct the Journal of the preceding day to be read and mis- 
takes or omissions, if any, corrected. He shall preserve^ 
order and decorum, and decide all questions of order, sub- 
ject to an appeal to the Senate. 

2. Seven members may have a call of the Senate, and 
compel the attendance of absent members, until the call 
be dispensed with by a constitutional majority. 

3. Questions shall be put in this form: "As many as 
are of the opinion that (as the case may be) say aye," and 
after the affirmative voice is expressed. "As many as are of 
the contrary opinion say no." If the President doubt, or 
a division be called for, the Serate shall divide; those in 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



the affirmative of the question shall arlQO from their seats » 
and afterwards those in the negative. 

4. All motions, except to adjourn, i>ostpone or commit 
shall be reduced to writing ff required by any member of 
the Senate. Any motion may be withdrawn ty consent of 
the Senate. 

5. No member shall interrupt the business of the Senate 
while the Journal is being read, or when any member is 
speaking in debate, except on questions of privilege. 

6. Every member present, when the question is put, 
shall vote, unless he shall, for a special cause be excused 
by a two-thirds vote of the Senate present; but no member 
shall vote on any question in which he Is directly or per- 
sonally interested, or any case where Le was not present 
when the question was put. 

7. When any member is about to speak in debate, or 
debate on any matter in the Senate, he shall rise from his 
seat and respectfully address himself to "Mr. President" 
and shall stand in his place until recognized by the chair, 
and shall confine himself to the question under debate, and 
avoid personalities and the implication of improper mo- 
tives. 

8. When a question is under debate no motion shall be 
received except to adjourn, to lay on the table, to move for 
the previous question, to move to postpone to a day cer- 
tain, to commit or amend, to postpone Indefinitely — which 
several motions shall have precedence in the order in which 
they are named, and no motion to postpone to a day cer- 
tain, to commit, to postpone indefinitely, having been de- 
cided, shall be entertained on the same day and at the 
same stage of the bill or proposition. 

9. When two members rise the President shall name 
the member to speak. No member shall speak more 
than twice on the same subject, without leave of the Senate, 
nor more than once until every member choosing to speak 
on the subject pending shall have spoken, nor shall any 
member occupy more than ten minutes at the first time, 
nor more than five minutes at the s*?coiid time, without 
unanimous consent of the Senate; but in all cases the 
member who shall first address the chair shall speak first. 

10. If any member, in speaking or ot^jerwise, transgress 
the rules of the Senate, the presiding officer shall, or any 
member may, call him to order, and when a member shall 
be called to order by the President or a member of the 
Senate, he shall sit down, and shall not proceed without 
the leave of the Senate. 

11. Every question of order shall be decided by the Pres- 
ident, subject to an appeal to the Senate, and the President 
may call for a sense of the Senate on any question of order. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



12. If any member be called to order by another member 
for words spoken the words excepted to shall immediately 
be taken down in writing/ that the Senate may be better 
able to judge of the matter. 

13. A motion to adjourn and to lay on the table shall 
be decided without debate. 

14. Any member may call for a dlvis!on of the question, 
which shall be divided if it comprehends propositions in 
substance so distinct, that on being taken away a substan- 
tive proposition shall remain for the decision of the Senate. 
A motion to strike out and insert shall be deemed divisible; 
but a motion to strike out being lost, shall preclude neither 
amendments nor motions to strike out and insert. 

15. No motion shall be debated until the same shall be 
seconded and stated by the President. 

16. When the reading of a paper is called for and the 
same is objected to by any member, it sLall be determined 
by the Senate. 

17. The unfinished business in which the Senate was 
engaged at the last preceding adjournment, shall have the 
preference in the special order of the day. 

18. Every bill and joint resolution shall be introduced 
on the report of a committee, or on a caU for bills and joint 
resolutions, or by a motion for leave, unices objected to by 
one member of the Senate, which shall carry it over for one 
day; and such objection may be made at any time on or 
b,efore the first reading is completed. 

19. Every bill shall be read three sev«?ral times but the 
first and second readings, and those only, may be upon the 
same day; and a second reading may be by title of the bill, 
unless a reading at length be demanded. The first and 
third reading shall be at length. 

20. The first reading of a bill shall be for information, 
and the bill shall be presented and go to its second reading 
without further question. 

21. Upon the second reading of a bill or joint resolution, 
the President shall refer it to its appropriate committee, 
unless the Senate, upon motion, decide to refer the same 
to a select or other standing committee, or to committee of 
the whole Senate; if to committee of the whole Senate, 
then it shall come up for consideration under the general 
order of the next day, unless otherwise ordered by the 
Senate. 

22. No bill or joint * resolution shall be committed or 
amended until it shall havo been twice read; nor shall any 
such bill or joint resolution have its third reading and be 
put upon its final passage until at least one day after the 
same has been leported to the Senate by the committee to 
which the same has been referred; provided, that any bill 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



or joint resolution may have its third reading and be put 
upon its final passage on the day the same is reported back, 
when so ordered by two-thirds of the members of the 
Senate present. 

23. On the third reading of every bill or resolution, any 
amendment may be receivod and it may be recommitted at 
any time previous to its final passage. 

24. No bill shall be revised or amended, nor the pro- 
visions thereof extended or Incorporated in any other bill by 
reference to its title only, but so much thereof as is revised, 
amended or extended or so -incorporated, shall be re-enacted 
and published at length. 

25. No bill shall become a law except by a vote of the 
majority of the members-olect in each house, nor unless 
on its final passage, the vote be taken by yeas and n&YS^ 
and the names of those voting be entered on the Journal. 

26. Tbe presiding officer shall, in the presence of the 
Senate, sign all bills and joint resolutions passed by the 
Senate. Immediately befoie such signing their title shall 
be publicly read, and the fact of signing shall be at once 
entered on the Journal. 

27. No bills for the appropriation of money, except for 
the expenses of the government, shall be introduced after 
the fortieth day of the session, except by imanimous con- 
sent of the Senate. 

28. In filling blanks the largest sum and longest time 
shall be first put. When a motion or question has been 
decided in the negative or affirmative, any member having 
voted with the prevciling s'de may move a reconsideration 
on the same or following day, but when a motion to recon- 
sider is laid on the table, a motion to reconsider cannot 
again be made. 

29. Before acting on executive biis^ness the Senate 
chamber shall be cleared, by the direction of the President 
of all persons except members, the chief clerk and sergeant- 
at-arms to be sworn. 

80. No standing rule or order of the Senate shall be re- 
considered or suspended, except by a vote of two-thirds of 
the members-elect, and no motion to suspend the rules and 
pass a bill shall be entertained except by unanimous con- 
sent, unless the bill has first been printed and considered 
by a committee. 

31. The rules of parliamentary practice comprised in 
"Reed's Parliamentary Rules" shall govern the Senate in 
all cases to which they are applicable, and in which they 
are not inconsistent with the standing rules and order of 
the Senate, and the joint rules of the Senate and House of 
Representatives. 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



32. When the ayes and nays shall be called for by one- 
sixth of the members present, each member called upon 
shall, unless for special reasons he be excused by the Sen- 
ate, declare openly and without debate, his assent or dis- 
sent to the question. In taking the ayes and nays upon 
the call of the house, the names of the members shall be 
taken alphabetically. 

33. In the absence of the President of the Senate, or his 
refusal to act, the President pro tempore shall exercise all 
Tights and prerogatives of the President for the time being. 

34. All bills and joint resolutions, after the first and 
"before the second reading, shall be printed, unless other- 
wise ordered by the Senate. 

35. There shall be appointed by the president of the 
senate the following standing committees: 

On judiciary to consist of fifteen members. 

On education to consist of nine members. 

On elections to consist of nine member?. 

On appropriations to consist of fifteen members. 

On railroads to consist of thirteen members. 

On state affairs to consist of nine members. 

On public lands to consist of nine members 

On ways and means to consist of nine members. 

On agriculture to consist of 5?even members. 

On warehousing, grain and grain grading to consist of 
eleven members. 

On counties to consist of nine members. 

On engrossed and enrolled bills to consist of five 
members. 

On banks and banking to consist of nine members. 

On cities and municipal corporations to consist of seven 
members. 

On Indian affairs to consist of five members. 

On statistics to consist of five members. 

On federal relations to consist of seven members 

On insurance to consist of seven members. 

On public health to consist of five members. 

On public printing to consist of five members. 

On temperance to consist of nine members. 

On mines and minerals to consist of «even members. 

On rules to consist of seven members. 

On immigration to consist of five members. 

On highways, bridges and ferries to consist of seven 
members. 

On irrigation to consist of seven members. 

On apportionment to consist of eleven members. 

On corporations other than municipal to consist of seven 
members. 

On military affairs to consipt of seven members. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



On woman suffrage to consist of five members. 

Also joint committees on the following subjects: 

On public buildings to consist of five members. 

On charitable institutions to consist of five members. 

On penal institutions to consist of five members. 

On educational institutions to consist of seven members. 

On state library to consist of five members. 

On joint rules to consist of seven members. 

36. A quorum for the transaction of business shall con- 
sist of a majority of the members elected to the senate. 

37. No person shall be admitted within the bar of the^ 
Senate Bxcept the executive, members and officers of the 
House, state officers, judges of the supreme court and dis- 
trict courts, members of congress, those who have been 
members of congress, and the legislative assembly, mem- 
bers of the constitutional convention, and all federal offi- 
cials of the state, except by a vote of the Senate. 

38. Members of the Senate introducins: bills in the nature 
of amendments to laws now existing shall designate in the 
title of such amendatory act the title of the act and shall 
have printed at length in the bill the section or sections to 
be amended. 

39. All nominations from the executive shall be opened 
and read immediately in executive session and then be 
referred to their appropriate committee, unless otherwise 
ordered by a majority of those present. 

40. All bills reported from commitvees with amend- 
ments shall be engrossed before being read the third time 
and placed upon final passage. 

41. All reports of committees and motions to discharge 
a committee from the consideration of a subject, and all 
subjects from which a committee shall be discharged, shall 
lie over one day for consideration unless, by unanimous 
consent, the Senate shall otherwise direct. 

42. No member or officer of the Senate, unless he from 
illness or other cause, shall be unable to attend, shall 
absent himself from the session of the Senate during an 
entire day without first having obtained leave of absence, 
and no one shall be entitled to draw pay while absent more 
than one day without leave. 

43. The sergeant-at-arms of the Senate, under the direc- 
tion of the presiding officer, shall be the executive ofllcer 
of the body for the enforcement of al! rules made by the 
committee on rules, for the regulation of the senate wing of 
the capitol. The senate floor shall be at all times under 
his immediate supervision, and he shall see that the various 
subordinate oflBcers perform the duties to which they are 
especially assigned. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



SENATE STANDING COMMITTEES. 

Judiciary — Messrs. Little, chairman; Sharpe, Talcott, 
Cox, Cashel, LaMoure, Lavayea, Simpson, Hale. Voss, Rob- 
inson, Bacon, Fox, Crane, Geer. 

Education — Messrs. Lavayea, chairman; Hale, Talcott, 
Cashel, Sharpe, Jacobson, Garnett, Geer, Main. 

Elections — Messrs. Hale, chairman; Regan, Clarke, 
Swenson, Cashel, Gulack, Robinson, LaMoure, Mjacdonald, 

Appropriations — Messrs. LaMoure, chairman; Robinson, 
Cox, Taylor, Crane, Sharpe, Little, Jacobson, Hale, Wil- 
liams, McLean, Garnett, Cashel, Lewis. Fox. 

Railroads — Messrs. Lewis, chairman ; Sharpe, Swenson, 
Clarke, Devlin, Carroll, Regan, Benson, Gulack, Williams, 
Cox, Taylor, Wipperman. 

State Affairs — Messrs. Cox, chairman; I^fthus, Fox, Her- 
brandson. Brown, Lewis, Main, Swenson, Crane, 

Public Lands — Messrs. Simpson, chairman; Williams, 
Johnson, Kirkeide, Hagen, Gulack, McArthur, Talcott, Mac- 
donald. 

Ways and Means — Messrs. Sharpe, chairman; Bacon, 
Brown, Crane, Talcott, Lavayea, Robinson, Simpson, Voss, 

Agriculture — Messrs. Swenson. chairman; Talcott, Mc- 
Arthur, Main, McLean, Wipperman, Pierce. 

Warehousing, Grain and Grain Grading^Messrs. Tal- 
cott, chairman; Kirkeide, Regan, Brown, Geer, Hagen, 
Johnson, Gulack, Main, Cox, Crone, 

Counties — Messrs. Jacobson, chairman; Pierce, Geer, 
Carroll, Cashel, Fox, Johnson, Crane, Simpson. 

E3ngrossed and Enrolled Bills — Messrs. Lavayea, chair- 
man; Hale, McLean, Little. 

Banks and Banking — Messrs. Pierce, chairman; Robin- 
son, Devlin, Little, Bacon, Lewis, Voss, Gulack, Kirkeide. 

City and Municipal Corporations — Messrs. Bacon, chair- 
man; Simpson, Lofthus, Benson, Fox, Williams, Macdonald, 

Indian Affairs — Messrs. Gulack, chairman; Macdonald, 
Johnson, Hagen, Hale. 

Statistics — Messrs. Clarke, chairman; Garnett, Kirkeide, 
Herbrandson, Main. 

Federal Relations — Messrs. Robinson, chairman; Taylor, 
McArthur, Plain, McLean, Clarke, Pierce. 

Insurance — Messrs. Regan, chairman; Crane, Pierce, Fox, 
Carroll, McDonald, Little. 

Public Health — Messrs. Taylor, chairman; Lofthus, Dev- 
lin, Clarke, Jacobson. 

Public Printing — Messrs. Devlin, chairman; Brown, Geer, 
Garnett, Wipperman. 

Temperance — Messrs. LaMoure, chairman; Devlin, Wil- 
liams; Robinson, Pierce, Talcott, Hale. 



8 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL. 



Mines and Minerals — Messrs. Voss, chairman; Simpson 
McDonald, Williams, Jacobson, Gamett, Plain. 

Rules — Messrs. LaMoure, chairman; Little, Gashel 
Cox, Sharpe, Talcott, Lavayea. 

Immigration — Messrs. Gamett, chairman; Carroll, Ben 
son, Lewis, Plain. 

Highways, Bridges and Ferries — Messrs. Macdonald 
chairman; Main, McLean, Wipperman, Herbrandson 
Clarke, LaMoure. 

Irrigation — ^Messrs. Bacon, chairman; Carroll, Plain 
Sharpe, Cox, Robinson, Swenson. 

• Apportionment — Messrs. Brown, chairman; Little, Gar 
nett, Herbrandson, Kirkeide, Plain, Wipperman, Taylor 
Swenson, Main, Macdonald. 

Corporations Other Than Municipal — Messrs. Crane 
chairman; Cashel, Benson, Bacon, Carroll, Johnson, Kirk 
eide. 

Military Affairs — Messrs Fox, chairman; Hale, Lavayea 
Plain, McArthur, Clarke, Main. 

Woman Suffrage — Messrs. McLean, chairman ; Taylor 
Wipperman, Jacobson, Bacon. 

JOINT COMMITTEES. 

Public Buildings — Messrs. Simpson, chairman; Lewis, 
Clarke, Cashel, Wipperman. 

Charitable Institutions — ^Messrs. Cox, chairman; Jacob- 
son, Bacon, Williams, Carroll. 

Penal Institutions — Messrs. Little, chairman; Devlin, 
Pierce, McLean, Kirkeide. 

Educational Institutions — Messrs. Hale, chairman; Tal- 
cott, Geer, Lavayea, Ryan, Main. Fox. 

State Library — Messrs. Sharpe, chairman; Hale, Brown, 
Gulack, Plain. 

Joint Rules-r-Messrs. LaMoure, chairman; Little, Cashel, 
Sharpe, Talcott, Cox, LaVayea. 



RULES OF THE HOUSE. 

1. The speaker shall take the chair at the time to 
which the House stands adjourned, and the House shall 
then be called to order, and the roll of the members called 
and the names of the absentees entered upon the Journal 
of the House. 

2. Upon the appearance of a quorum the Journal of the 
preceeding day shall be referred to thp committee on re- 
vision and correction. Any mistake therein shall be cor- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



rected by the committee and reported to the House for 
action. 

3. Twenty-one members of the House may order a call 
of the House and cause absent member? to be sent for, 
but a call must not be made while a vote is being taken. 
The call being moved, the speaker shall require those de- 
siring the call to rise, and if twenty-one or more members 
shall rise the call shall be ordered. The call being ordered 
the sergeant-at-arms shall close the door and allow no 
member to leave the room. The clerk shall then call the 
roll and furnish the sergeant-at-arms with a list of those 
members absent without leave, and that officer must pro- 
ceed forthwith to find and bring in such absentees. While 
the House is under call no business can be transacted ex- 
cept to receive and act upon the report of the sergeant-at- 
arms Bud no motion is in order except a motion to suspend 
further proceedings under the call, and said motion shall 
not be adopted unless a majority of all members-elect vote 
in favor thereof. Upon a report of the sergeant-at-arms 
showing that all members who were absent without leave, 
naming them, are present, the call shall be at an end, and 
the doors shall be opened, and the business pending at the 
time the call was made be proceeded with. 

4. The speaker shall preserve order and decorum and 
decide all questions of order subject to an appeal to the 
House. 

5. The speaker shall vote on all questions taken by ayes 
and nays (except on appeals from his own decisions) and 
in all elections or decisions called for by any member. 

6. When the House adjourna the members shall keep 
their seats until the speaker announces the adjournment. 

7. Every member previous to his speaking, shall rise 
from his seat and respectfully address "Mr. Speaker," and 
remain standing in his place before proceeding to speak un- 
til he is recognized by the chair. 

8. When two or more members rise at the same time to 
-speak the speaker must designate the member who is to 

speak, but in all cases the member who shall first rise and 
address the chair may speak first. 

9. No member shall speak more than twice on the same 
subject without leave of the House, nor more than once un- 
til every member choosing to rpeak on the subject pending 
shall have spoken, nor shall any member occupy more than 
ten minutes at the first time, nor more than five minutes 
at the second time, without unanimous consent of the 
House. 

10. No motion shall be debated or put unless the same 
l)e seconded. It must then be stated by the speaker be- 



10 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

fore the debate and any such motion must be reduced to 
writing if the speaker or any member desires it. 

11. After the motion shall be stated by the speaker, it 
shall be deemed to be in possession of the House, but may 
be withdrawn at any time before amendment or decision, 
but all motions, resolutions or amendments must be entered 
on the journal, whether rejected or adopted. 

12. When a question is under debate no motion shall be 
received but to adjourn, to lay on the table, for the previous 
question, to postpone to a day certain, to commit or amend, 
to postpone indefinitely — ^which several motions shall have 
precedence in the order which they shall stand arranged. 

13. A motion to adjourn shall always be in order, except 
when a member is addressing the chair, or a vote is being 
taken; that, and the motion to lay upon the table, shall be 
decided without debate. 

14. The previous question shall be in this form: "Shall 
the main question be now put?" It shall be admitted only 
when demanded by a majority of the members present, and 
its effect shall be to put to an end to all debate and bring 
the House to a direct vote upon the amendments reported 
by a committee, if any, upon the pending amendments and 
then upon the main question. On a motion for the previous 
question, and prior to' the seconding of the same, a call of 
the House shall be in order, but after a majority shall have 
seconded such motion, no call shall be in order prior to de- 
cision of the main question. 

15. When the previous question is decided in the nega- 
tive it shall leave the main question under debate for the 
remainder of the sitting unless sooner disposed of in some 
other manner. 

16. All incidental questions of order arising after motion 
is made for the previous question, during the pendency of 
such motion, or after the house shall have determined that 
the main question shall be now put, shall be decided, 
whether on appeal or otherwise without debate. 

17. Petitions, memorials and other papers addressed to 
the House shall be presented by the speaker or by a mem- 
ber in his place. 

18. Every member who is present, before the vote is de- 
clared from the chair, must vote for or against the question 
before the House, unless the House exr'uses him or unless 
he is immediately interested in the question, in which case 
he must not vote. 

19. When the speaker is putting the question, no mem- 
ber shall walk out of, or across the house, nor when a mem- 
ber is speaking, shall any person entertain any private dis- 
course, or pass between the person speaking and the chair. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA ^^ 



20. If a question in debate contains several propositions, 
any member may have the same divided. 

21. A member called to Qrder must immediately sit down 
unless permitted to explain, and the House, if appealed to^ 
must decide the case. If there be no appeal, the decision of 
the chair shall stand. On appeal no member shall speak 
more than once without leave of the Houpe. When a mem- 
ber is called to order for offensive language there shall be 
no debate. 

22. A bill can only be Introduced on the report of a 
committee, or on a call for bills, or by a motion for 
leave. 

23. Every bill, before being introduced, shall be in type- 
written form and shall have endorsed thereon its title, and 
every bill and resolution shall liave endorsed thereon the 
name of the member introducing the same, and when or- 
dered by a committee the name of such committee shall 
be endorsed thereon. 

24. Every bill, memorial, order and resolution, requiring 
the approval of the governor, or a change In the constitu- 
tion of the state of North Dakota, shall, after second read- 
ing, be referred to its appropriate committee, and if re- 
ported without amendment shall pass to its third reading, 
unless otherwise ordered, and when amended it shall go 
to committee of the whole House. 

25. All bills shall be properly engrossed before their 
final passage. 

26. No amendment shall be received on the third read- 
ing, except to fill blanks, without unanimous consent of the 
House, but all bills and resolutions may be recommitted at 
any tinie previous to their passage. If any amendment be 
reported on such recommitment by any other than a com- 
mittee of the whole, it shall be read a second time, and the 
question of third reading and passage then put. 

27. No motion or proposition on a subject different from 
that under consideration shall be admitted under color of 
amendment; no bill or resolution shall at any time be 
amended by annexing thereto, or incorporating therewith, 
any other bill or resolution pending before the House. 

28. In forming a committee of the whole House the 
speaker shall appoint a chairman to preside. 

29. Bills committed to the committee of the whole House 
shall be read, be open to amendment and debated by sec- 
tions, unless otherwise ordered, leaving the title to be last 
considered; all amendments shall be noted in writing and 
reportexi to the House by the chairman. 

30. All questions, whether in committee, or in the House, 
shall be put in the order in which they are moved, except 



12 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



in the case of privileged questions, and in filling blanks 
the largest sum and the longest time shall be first put. 

31. A similar mode of procedure shall be observed with 
bills which have originated in and passed the Senate as 
with bills which have originated in the House, except that 
they shall not be printed, nor engrossed nor enrolled. 

32. No motion for reconsideration shall be in order un- 
less on the same day or the day following that on which 
the decision proposed to be considered took place, nor un- 
less one of the majority shall move a reconsideration. 

33. When notice of intention to move the reconsidera- 
tion of any bill or joint resolutloii shall be given by a mem- 
ber, the clerk of the House shall retain the said bill or 
joint resolution until after the time during which the said 
motion can be made unless the same can previously be dis- 
posed of. 

34. Any member who votes on the majority side of a 
•question may move a reconsideration of the same, which 
motion shall be decided by a majority vote. 

35. The rules of the House shall be observed in com- 
mittee of the whole House so far as may be applicable ex- 
<;ept that the ayes and nays shall not be called, the previous 
question enforced nor the time of speaking limited. 

36. A motion that the committee rise shall always be 
In order and shall be decided without debate. 

37. No bill reported from standing or select committees 
or from the committee of the whole shall come up for a 
third reading until the first day after such report unless the 
House by h two-thirds vote otherwise orders. 

38. Standing committees shall be appointed on the fol- 
lowing subjects: 

On rules to consist of nine members. 
On mileage and per diem to consist of three members. 
On judiciary to consist of fifteen members. . 
One ways and means to consist of eleven members. 
On railroads to consist of fifteen members. 
On appropriations to consist of fifteen members. 
On engrossment to consist of nine members. 
On enrollment to consist of nine members. 
On education to consist of nine members. 
On elections and privileges to consist of nine members. 
On municipal corporations to consist of nine members. 
On corporations other than municipal to consist of nine 
members. 

On agriculture to consist of thirteen members. 
On public printing to consist of nine members. 
On irrigation to consist of nine members. 
On insurance to consist of nine members. 
On banking to consist of eleven members. 



STATE fQF NORTH DAKOTA ^ 



On labor to consist of nine members. 

On immigration to consist of nine members. 

On apportionment to consist of a member irom each sena- 
torial district. 

On schools and public lands to consist of nine members. 

On public health to consist of nine members. 

On military aftairs to consist of nine members. 

On warehouses, grain grading and dealing to consist of 
fifteen members. 

On federal relations to consist of nine members. 

On mines and mining to consist of nine members. 

On temperance to consist of nine mt^mbers. 

On highways, bridges and ferries to consist of nine mem* 
bcrs. 

On state aflfairs to consist of fifteen members. 

On supplies and expenditures to concist of nine mem- 
bers. 

On forestry to consist of nine members. 

On public debt to consist of nine members. 

On woman suffrage to consist of nine members. 

On manufauctures to consist of nine members. 

On counties and county boundaries to consist of nine 
members. 

On taxes dnd tax laws to consist of fifteen members. 

On coal lands and mining to consist of nine members. 

On live stock industry to consist of eleven members. 

On revision and correction of the journal to consist of 
seven members. 

Also joint committees on the following subjects: 

On public buildings to consist of nine members. 

On charitable institutions to consist of nine members. 

On penal institutions to consist of nine members. 

On educational institutions to consist of nine members. 

On state library to consist of nine members. 

On joint rules to consist of nine members. 

39. The first named member of each committee shall be 
the chairman and in his absence or being excused by the 
House the next named member and so on as often as the- 
case shall happen, shall act as chairman. 

40. The committee on engrossment shall examine all 
bills after they are engrossed and report the same to the- 
House correctly engrossed before their third reading; said 
committee may report at any time. 

41. The committee on enrollment shall examine all 
House bills and memorials which have passed the two- 
Houses, and when reported correctly enrolled, they shall 
be presented to the presiding oflacers of the House and 
Senate for their signatures, and when so signed, preisented. 



^^ LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



to the governor for his approval; said committee may re- 
port at any time. 

42. Select committees to whom raTerence shall have 
been made, must, in all cases, report % state of facts and 
their opinion thereon to the House. 

43. In all oases where a bill, order or resolution, or mo- 
tion shall be entered upon the Journal ot the House, the 
name of the member moving the same phall be entered on 
the journal. 

44. No person shall be admitted within the bar of the 
House except the executive, members of the Senate, state 
officers, judges of the supreme and district courts, mem- 
l)ers of congrjess, ex-members of the legislative assembly, 
delegates to the state constitutional convention, all federal 
officers of the state and reporters for newspapers, except 
l)y vote of the House. 

45. After calling the House to order, the order of busi- 
ness for the day shall be as follows: 

1. Prayer by the chaplain. 

2. Calling the roll. 

3. Reference of the journal. 

. 4. Presentation of petitions and communications. 

5. Reports of standing committees. 

6. Reports of select committees. 

7. Motions and resolutions. 

8. Unfinished business. 

9. Introduction of bills and memorials. 

10. First and second reading of House bills and memo- 
rials. 

11. Third reading of the same. 

12. Consideration of messages from the Senate. 

13. First and second reading of senate bills and memo- 
rials. 

14. Third reading of the same. 

15. Consideration of general orders. 

46. Whenever the report of any committee of conference 
contains several modifications or amendments, any mem- 
ber may have the same divided, and the question of concur- 
rence taken separately upon each mocliflcation or amend- 
ment 

47. When the House has arrived at "the general orders 
of the day" it shall go into committee of the whole upon 
such orders, or a particular order designated by a vote of 
the House; and no other business shall be in order until the 
whole are considered or passed, or the committee rise; and 
unless a particular bill is ordered up the committee of the 
whole shall consider, act upon, or pass the general order, 
according to the order of reference. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



15 



48. The speaker may leave the chair, and appoint a 
member to preside, but not for a longer time than one day, 
except by leave of the House. 

49. The rules of parliamentary practice adopted by the 
House of Representatives of the United States shall govern 
the House in all cases to which they are applicable, and in 
which they are not inconsistent with the standing rules and 
orders of the House, and *he joint rules and orders of the. 
Senate and House of Representatives 

50. No rule of the House shall be suspended, altered or 
amended without the concurrence of two-thirds of the mem- 
bers of the whole House. 

51. The hour of daily meeting of the House shall be 
2 o'clock in the afternoon, until the Houset directs other- 
wise. 

52. The ayes and nays shall not be ordered unless 
demanded by one-sixth of the membep present, except 
on the final passage of bills, concurrent resolutions to 
amend the constitution, and memorials, in which case 
ayes and nays shall be had without demand. 

53. In case all the memb^^rs of any committee, required or 
entitled to report on any subject referred to them, cannot 
agree upon any report, the majority and minority may each 
make a special report, and any member dissenting in whole or 
in part from the reasoning and conclusions of both majority 
and minority may also present ^o the House a statement 
of his reasonings and conclusions; and all reports, if decor- 
ous in language and respectful to the House, shall be en- 
tered at length on the journal 

54. No smoking shall be allowed in the House while in 
session. 

55. No member or other person shall remain by the 
clerk's desk when the ayes and nays are being called. 

56. In case of any disturbance or 4!sordei*ly conduct 
in the lobby or gallery, the speaker or chairman of the 
committee of the whole shall have power to order the same 
to be cleared. 

57. No member or oflScer of the Houpe, unless he from 
Illness or other cause shall be unable to attend, shall ab- 
sent himself from a session of the Houee during an entire 
day without having first obtained leave of absence, and 
no one shall be entitled to draw pay while absent more 
than one day without leave. 

58. Neither the chief clerk nor his assistants shall per- 
mit any records or papers belonging to the House to be 
taken out of their custody otherwise than in the regular 
course of business. The chief clerk shall report all miss- 
ing bills, resolutions and papers to the speaker; shall have 
general supervision of all clerical duties appertaining to the 



16 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



business of the House; shall perform, under the direction 
of the speaker, all duties peitaining to the office, and shall 
also keep a book showing the situation and progress of all 
bills, memorials and joint resolutions. 

59. At least one day's notice shall be given of the In- 
troduction of any motion or resolution calling for or in- 
volving the expenditure of any money. 

60. The chairmen of the different standing committees 
shall send to the chief clerk's desk, to be read previous to 
adjournment, notice of the time and place of meeting of 
such committees. 

HOUSE STANDING COMMITTEES. 

Rules — ^Messrs. Cassell, chairman; Elton, Chaffee, Leech, 
McKenzie, Watts, Young, Rose, Scheer. 

Mileage and Per Diem — Messrs. Davis chairman; Rich- 
mond. Wagner. 

Judiciary — Messrs. Buttz, chairman: Young Chaffee, 
Leech, McClure, Patterson, Peterson of Wells, Richmond, 
Mattson, Van Amam, Chevaljfer, Lillie, Mooney, Ferguson, 
• Baker. 

Ways and Means — Messrs. Baker, chairman; Bartz, Burt- 
ness. Heath, Mldgarden, Maddock, Peterson of Wells, 
Robillard, Skjold, Wing, Gagnon. 

Railroads — Messrs. Elton, chairman: Gilbert, Palmer, 
Buttz, Lyons, Chevalier, Davis, McClure, Movius, Weed, 
Watson, Rose, Richmond, Shells, Skjold. 

Appropriations — Messrs. Beck, chairman; Davis, Chis- 
holm. Chevalier, Dahl, Leech, Watson, Miller, Peterson, 
Rose, Ryan, Underwood, McGahan, Young, Gilbert, Simp- 
son, Harvey. 

Engrossment — Messrs. Ryan, chairman; Mattson, Wag- 
ner, Wall, Hammer, Maddock, McC^ahan, Dieball, Thomp- 
son. 

Enrollment — Messrs. McClure, chairman; Mallough, 
Allen, Watts, Watson, Severson, Van Amam, Robillard, 
Rose. 

Education — Messrs. Dg-vis, chairman; Watson, McCrea, 
Mallough, Miller, Kraabel, McLain, Underwood, Lish. 

Privileges and Elections — Messrs. Leech, chairman; 
Ryan, McKenzie, Robillard, Butt?:, Peterson of Wells, Weed, 
Maddock, HarVey. 

Municipal Corporations — Messrs. Wall, chairman; Chls- 
holm, McKnight, Ryan, Bostrom, Brown, Wing, Simpson, 
Baker. 

Corporations Other Than Municipal — Messrs. Movius, 
chairman; Kraabel, Connelly, Burtne<5S. Oksendahl, Lee, 
Shells, Aslakson, Hill. 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 17 

Agriculture — Messrs. Phifer, chairman; Allen, Aandahl, 
Bartz, Dieball, Lillie, Midgarden, McKnight, Peterson of 
Towner, Severson, Truemner, Oksendahl, Blank. 

Public Printing — Messrs. Richmond, chairman; Patter- 
son, Robillard, Wagner, Rose, Lyons, Weed, Van Arnam, 
Gagnon, Elton. 

Irrigation — Messrs. Palmer, chairman; S&art of Traill, 
Chisholm, Meidinger, McGahan, Blank, Lee, Knudson, Lillie. 

Insurance — Messrs. BYied, chairman; Dickinson, Peter- 
son of Wells, Brown, Richmond, ChafCee, McClure, Shells, 
Elton. 

Banking — ^Messrs. Peterson of Wells, chairman; McCrea, 
Movius, Schouweiler, Weigel, Cole, Hammer, Dickinson, 
Richmond, McLean, Thompson. 

Labor — Messrs. Senour, chairman; Flados, Mallough, Mc- 
Kenzie, Noltimier, Tufte, Robillard, Ellison, Bourassa. 
Immigration — Messrs. Bartz, chairman; Cassell, Stevens, 

Cole, Fried, Senour, Hanson, 'Flados, Tufte. 

Apportionmeiit — ^Messrs. Leech, chairman ; Aandahl, Han- 
son, Meidinger, Watts, Wing, Johnson, Gagnon, Tufte, Burt- 
ness, Steinberg, Smart of Traill, Chisholm, Bourassa, Gul- 
lerud, Aslakson, Peterson of Towner, McKenzie, Ellison, 
Hill, Connolly, Flados, Underwood, Rogers, Palfrey, Smart, 
Rose, Patterson, Bostrom, Watson, Cole, Blank, Senour, 
Chaffee, Sheer, Welo, DiebUll, Kraabel. McDowell, Heath* 
of Nelson. 

Schools and Public Lands — Messrs. Chaffee, chairman; 
Smart of Traill, Oksendahl, Skjold, Truemner, Smart of 
Nelson, Heath, Steinberg, Stavens. 

Public Health — Messrs. McLain, chairman; Aslakson, Mc- 
Knight, Miller, McDowell, Thompson, Johnson, Gullerud, 
Dieball. 

Military Affairs — Messrs Chisholm, chairman; Cole, 
Buttz, Wall, Rogers, Beck, Burtness, McGahan, Connolly. 

Warehouses, Grain Grading and Dealing — Messrs. Matt- 
son, chairman; Leech, Mooney, Dickinson, Underwood, 
Maddock, Knudtson, Chevalier, Braaten, Schouweiler, Har- 
vey, Aandahl, Baker, Fried, Bostrom. 

Federal Relations — Messrs. Weed, chairman; Cassell,. 
Hill, Beck, McDowell, Bourassa, Tufte, Kraabel, Severson. 

Mines and Mining — ^Messrs. Patters. m, chairman; Lee, 
Truemner, Smart of Nelson, Peterson of Towner, Hill,. 
Gullerud, Gilbert, Blank. 

Temperance — ^Messrs. McCrea, chairman; Heath, Davis^ 
Braaten, Lyons, Lish, Shells, Rogers, Midgarden. 

Highways, Bridges and Ferries — ^Mef^rs. Gilbert, chair- 
man; Mallough, Burtness, Dickinson, Mattson, McKnight, 
McDowell, Welo, Weigel. 



18 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

State Affairs — Messrs. Watts, chairman; Davis, Chaffee, 
Johnson, Lillie, Patterson, Cassell, Steinberg, Thompson, 
Leech, Wing, Welo, Weigel, Smart of Nelson, Hammer. 

Supplies and Expenditures — ^Messrs. McKenzie, chair- 
man; Truemner, Smart of Traill, Sheer, McCrea, Noben, 
Noltmier, Ferguson, Steinberg. 

Forestry — ^Messrs. Watson, chairman; Midgarden, Beck, 
Stavens, Stevens, Movius, Shells, GuUerud, Sheer. 

Public Debt — Messrs. Severson, chairman; Wagner, 
Mooney, Hill, Brown, Rogers, Palfrey, Oksendahl, Noltimier. 

Woman Suffrage — Messrs. Stevens, chairman; Hill, Mc- 
Knight, Movius, Phifer, McCrea, Tufte, Knudtson, Noben. 

Manufactures — ^Messrs. Underwood, chairman; Wall, 
Dickinson, Gilbert, McGahan, Dahl, Weigel, Lish, AandahL 

Counties and County Boundaries — Messrs. Lyons, chair- 
man; Dieball, Johnson, Lish. Lillie,McDowell, Senour, Welo, 
Weigel. 

Taxes and Tax Laws — Messrs. Brown, cnairman; Wall, 
Aslakson, Johnson, Miller, Sheer, Steinberg, Welo, Ryan, 
Heath, Phifer, Chevalier, Schouweiler, Palfrey, Flados. 

Coal Lands and Mining — Messrs. Cole chairman; Flados, 
Senour, Palmer, McClure, Bostrom, Van Amam^ Dahl. 

Live Stock Industry — Messrs. Rose, chairman; Phifer, 
Lyons, Sheer, Simpson, Lee, Bartz, Knudtson, Noltimier, 
Weed, Maddock. 

Revision and Correction of Journal — ^Messrs. Heath, 
chairman; Mallough, Rogers, Skjold, Bourassa, Hanson, 
Wing. 

Joint Public Buildings^Messrs. Mooney, chairman ; Bartz, 
Buttz, Hammer, Fried, Allen, Ferguson, Gilbert, Mattson. 

Joint Committee on Charitable Institutions — Messrs. 
Palmer, chairman; Wells, Meidinger, Stavens, Connelly, 
Severson, Kraabel, Midgarden, Smart ot Nelson. 

Joint Penal Institutions — Messrs. Dahl, chairman; Watts, 
Miller, Young, Bostrom, Simpson, Gagnon, Hanson, Fergu- 
son. 

Joint Educational Institutions — Messrs. Wagner, chair- 
man; Chisholm, Harvey, Aandahl, Beck, Allen, Stevens, 
Simpson, McLain. 

Joint State Library — Messrs. Mallough, chairman; Smart 
of Traill, Stavens, Bourassa, Ferguson, Meidinger, Ellison, 
Noben, Dahl. 

Joint Rules — Messrs. Cassell, chairman; Oksendahl, 
Noben, Knudtson, Palfrey, Baker, Lee, Ellison, Thompson. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 19 

JOINT RULES. 

1. £3ach house shall transmit to the other all papers on 
which any bill or resolution shall be founded. 

2. When a bill or resolution which ^hall have passed in 
one house is rejected in the other, notice thereof shall be 
given to the house in which the same may have passed. 

3. Messages from one house to the other shall be com- 
municated by the secretary of the senate and clerk of the 
house of representatiyes unless the house transmitting the 
message shall especially direct otherwise. 

4. It shall be in the power of either house to amend any 
amendment made by the other to any bill or resolution. 

5. In every case of a diflference between the two houses 
upon any subject of legislation if either house shall request 
a conference and appoint a committee for that purpose, 
and the other house shall also appoint a committee, such 
committee shall meet at such hour and place as shall be 
agreed on by the chairmen and state to each other, verbally 
or in writing, as either may choose, the reasons of their 
respective houses, and to confer freely thereon, and they 
shall be authorized to report to their respective houses such 
modifications as they think advisable. 

6. It shall be in order for either house to recede from 
any subject matter of diflference existing between the two 
houses at any time previous to a conference, whether the 
papers on which such difference has arisen are before the 
house receding formally or informally, and a majority shall 
govern except in cases where two-thirds are required by 
the constitution, and the question having been put and lost, 
shall not be again put the same day, and the consideration 
thereof in other respects shall be regulated by the rules of 
the respective houses. 

7. After each house has adhered to its disagreement and 
the bill which is the subject of difference shall be deemed 
lost, it shall not be again revived during the same session 
in either house, unless by consent of three-fourths of the 
members present of the house reviving it. 

8. The same bill shall not create, renew or continue more 
than one incorporation, nor contain any provision in rela- 
tion to the altering of more than one art of incorporation, 
nor shall the same bill appropriate public money or property 
to more than one purpose. Any bill appropriating moneys 
for the payment of the officers of the government shall be 
confined to that purpose exclusively. 

9. No duplicate of any bill which may have been intro- 
duced and printed by one house shall, upon introduction 
into the other house, be printed by said other house, except 
by a two-thirds vote of all the members present. 



V 



20 LSaiSLATIVB MANUAL 

10. No bill that shall have passed one house shall be sent 
for concurrence to the other on either of the last two days 
of the session, whenever a time shall have previously been 
fixed for the adjournment of the legislature. 

11. The committee on enrolled bills in each of the two 
houses shall act jointly in the examination of all bills and 
resolutions before their presentation to the governor, either 
as a body or by such respective sub-committees as such 
committees may appoint for that purpo*:«. 

12. Whenever both houses, l^y the constitutional vote, 
direct that any act or resolution sihall take eftect immedi- 
ately or at any time before July 1 following the session of 
the legislature, a proviso shall be added at the enrollment 
of the same in words to this oftect: "This act shall take 
effect Immediately (or in days).*' 

13. Every resolution by which any money or other prop- 
erty of the state shall be donated or appropriated, or by 
which any expense to the state shall be incurred, or which 
shall have any operation or effect outside ot the two houses 
of the legislature, except such appropriation and expenses 
as shall be for the exclusive use, necessity or convenience 
of the legislature, shall be either a joint or concurrent reso- 
lution, and shall take the same course as a bill, and shall 
be enrolled and presented to the governor for his signature 
before the same shall take effect. 

14. Either house shall return any bill or resolution called 
for by resolution of the other house, if the bill or resolution 
is yet in possession of the house railed upon, and no action 
thereon has yet been had. In case action has been had, 
then it shall require a two-thirds vote of the house asked, 
to return a bill or resolution called for. 

JOINT CONVENTION RULES. 

1. Joint conventions shall be held in the hall of the 
nouse of representatives, and the president of the senate 
shall preside. 

2. The secretary of the senate and the clerk of the house 
of representatives shall be secretaries of the joint conven- 
tion, and the proceedings of the convention shall be pub- 
lished with the Journals of the house, and the final result 
as announced by the president on return of the senate to 
their chamber, shall be entered on the journal of the sen- 
ate. 

3. The rules of the house of representatives, as far as 
the same may be applicable, shall govern the proceedings 
in joint convention. 

4. Whenever a president pro tem. presides he shall be 
entitled to vote on all occasions, and in case of a tie the 
question shall be declared lost. 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 21 

5. Joint conventions shall have the power to compel the 
attendance of absent members in the mode and under the 
penalties prescribed by the rules of the house to which such 
members respectively belong, and for that purpose the ser- 
geant at arms of each house shall attend. 

6. Joint conventions may adjourn from time to time, as 
may be found necessary; and It shall be the duty of the 
house of representatives to prepare to receive the senate, 
the senate to proceed to the hall of the house of repre- 
sentatives at the time fixed by law or resolution, or to 
which the Joint convention may have adjourned. 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 
OF THE UNITED STATES. 

In Congress, July 4, 1777. 



When, in the ocnirae of 'htUDAin eveivts. It beoomee neces- 
sary for one people to dissolve the political bands which 
hanre connected Uiem with atnother, and to assume, among 
the poweirs of the earth, the separafte and equal station to 
which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them. 
a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that 
they shouild declare the causes which impel them to the 
eeparation. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are 
created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator 
wiitih oeitalin Inaiienable rights; that among these are life, 
liberty and the inmsuit of haptpinesB^ That to secure these 
ris^hts, govenumenAs OiTe instituted among men* deriving 
tbeir just powers from the oonsent oif the governed; that 
Whenever any form of government becomes destructive of 
the^e ends, it lis the riglit of the peorple to alter or to abolish 
it, and to institute a new government, laying its foundation 
on such princiiples, and orgianiizing its powers in such 
form, as to them sihall seem most likely to effecft their safety 
and hapfpineBSw Prudence, Indeed, will dictate that govern- 
ments long eertiabllsbed ^ould not be changed for light and 
transient causes: and, accoitdinglly, all experience hath 
shown, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while 
evils are sufiPera/ble, than to right themselves by abolishing 
the forms to which they are aocustomed. But when a long 
trsyin of abuses and usui^tioEus, pursuing invariably the 
same object, evinces a design to reduce them under abso- 
lute despoitism, it is their rigiht, it is their duty, to throw off 
such government, and to provide new guards for their 
furtoipe secuirSty. 6uoh has been the patient sufferance of 
these ci^onies, and such is now the necessity which con- 
strains them to ailter their former systems of government. 
The hdBtory of the present king of Gareat Brition is a history 
of repeaited injunies and usurpatitms, all having in direct 
object, the establishment of an absolute tyranny over these 
states. To prove this let the facts be submitted to a candid 
world. 



24 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

He has refused his assent to l&ws the most wholesome 
and useceaeaary *£o<r t/he public good. 

He hos fos^idtdeoi his gO)VieniorB to paas laws of imme- 
diate and pfpessiiiig imipontanjoe* unlesB susfpepded in their 
ofperation till his asc^en/t should be obtained; and wtheii so 
iBuispenidied, ihe has utterly nefgleoted to attend to them. 

He has ifetfused to pass other laws for the accommoda- 
tion of large districts of people, unless those people would 
relinquish the right of repreaeoirtajbion in the legislature; a 
rigM inestimiable to them, and !Cormida»ble to tyrantB only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places un- 
usual, uncomfortable and distant from the repository of 
their public reoords* for the sole poirpoee of fatiguing them 
iiuto compliiainioe with hds m^easuires. 

He has dissolved represenibaitivie housies repeatedly, for 
opposing, with manly firmness, his invasions on the rights 
of the peopla 

He has refused, for a long tLmie after such dissolutions, 
to cause ottrere to be edeoted; whereby 'the legislaitive pow- 
ders, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the people 
at laiTge for theior exercise, the sta/te remaining, in the nuean- 
time,, exposed to all the diaugers of invaskm from without, 
and convnilsiionjs within. 

Hie has endeavored to prevent the population of these 
states; for that purpose obstruotiuig the laws for nat- 
uralization of foreigners; refusinig to pass others to en- 
couage thehr mlgrajtion (hither, and rai£riln<g the conditions 
of new aipprofpriations of lamds. , 

He (has obsibruiofod the adminlstitutioDi of justice^, by refus- 
inig his assent to laws for establisbdng judiciary {lowers. 

He has miade judges dependent cm hie will alone, for the 
tenure of their offioes, ajid the amount and* paymen.t of 
their salaries. , , 

He has erected a mjultbtude of new offices, and semt hither 
swarms of officers to harrass our people, and eat out their 
substanee. 

He has kept among us in times of peace, standing armies, 
without the consent of our legislatures. 

He has effected to render the military independent of 
and superior to. the civil power. 

He has combined, with others, to subject us to a jurisdic- 
tion foreigEa to our constitution and unacknowledged by 
our laws; giving his assent to their acts of pretended legis- 
leitlon. 

For quarteriing large bodies of armed trooipe among us. 

For protecting them, by a mock trial, from punishment 
for any murders which they should commit on the inhabi- 
tants of these states. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 25 

For outtiitg off oiiF trade witb all parts of tne world. 
For impodiii^ taxes oo. tib without our conusent. 
For d0priyliii«: us 'in many cases* of the benefits of trial 
by jury. 

For tran6{>orti!Qg us beyond seas to be tried for pretended 
offenses. 

For abolifiihing the free system of English laws in a neigh- 
boring proviiioe, establishinig ther^ein an arbitrary goyem- 
ment, and enlarging its boundaries, so as to render it at 
once an example and fit Instrumient for introducing the 
same absolute rule into these colonies. 

For taking away our eharters, abolishing our most val- 
uable laws, and altering, funidememtally, the forms of our 
government 

B\)ir suspending our own lenMaturee, and declaring 
(tjhemselves invested with qpower to legislate for us in all 
cases whatsoever. 

Hie has abdicated government (here, by declaring us out 
of !his protection, and waging war against us. 

He luas plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our 
towns, and destoyed the Uves of our people. 

He is, at this time, transporting large armies of foreign 
mierceniartes to complete the works of death, desolation 
and tyramny already begun with circumstances of cruelty 
and perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, 
and totaldy unworthy Hhe (head of a cdvilized nation. 

Hie has constrained our fellow citizens, taken captive on 
the liigh seas, to bear arms against their country, to be- 
come the exeontioners of their friends and brethren, or to 
fall themselves by their hiands. ,, 

He has excited domestic insurrection among us, and 
has endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers 
Uhe merciless Indian savages, wlioee known rule of warfare 
is an umdistingnished destruntion <of all ages, sexes and 
conditions. 

In every stage of these oppresslona, we have petitioned 
tor redress, in the most humble terms; our repeated peti- 
tions have been answered only by repeated injury. A prince, 
whose character is thus marked by every act which may 
define a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. 

Nor have we been wanting In «ittentions to our Brit- 
ish brethren. We have warned them from time to time 
of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable 
jurisdiction over us. We liave reminded them of the cir- 
cumstances of our immigration and settlement here. We 
have aippeaJed to their native justice and magnanimity* 
and we 'have conjured them, by the ties of our common kin- 
dred, to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevita* 
bly interrupt our connections and correspondence. They, 



26 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

too, have been deaf to th«» voice at justice and of oonaan- 
guinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, 
which denounces our -asfparation, and hold them, as we hold 
the rest of mankind, enemies in war, In i>eace friends. 

We therefore, the repTefientativ^s of ^e United States of 
America, in general congress assembled, appealing to the 
Supireme Judige of the woild for the rectitude of our inten- 
tions, do, in the name, ajid by the mitihority of the good peo- 
ple of these eoloaiies, solemnly publish and declare, That 
these United Codoniies are, and of ri^t ought to be, Free 
and Independent States; that they are absolved from all 
allegiance to the British crown« amd that all politioeii com- 
nections between them and the state of Great Britain, is 
and oug(ht to be toally dissolved; and that as Free and 
Indefpendent States, they have full power to levy war, con- 
dude peace, con/traiot alliances, establish oommeirce, and to 
do all other acts and things whi^ch independent states may 
of rigfht do. Amd for the support of this declaration, with 
a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we 
mutually pledge to.eacb other our lives, our fortunes and 
our sacred 'honor. 

JOHN HANCOCK. 



New Hamipslhire-^osiah Bartlett, William Whipple, Mat- 
thew Thornton. 

Massaichusetts Bay — Samuel Adams, John Adams, Robert 
Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry. 

Rhode island, Bftc.— iStephen Hopfcins, William ESlery. 

Connecticut — ^Roger Sherman, Samuel Huntington. Wil- 
liam Willaim®, Oliver Wolcott. 

New York— William Floyd, Pfhilip Ulvingston, Francis 
Lewis, Lewis Morris. 

Ntew Jenaeiy— Ridhand SHJockton. John Wltherspoon, 
Francis Hopkinson, Jofhm Hart, Aibralham Clark. 

Pennsylvania — Robert Morris, Benjamin Rush, Benjamin 
Franklin, John Morton, George Olymer, James Smith, 
George Taylor, James Wilson, George Ross. 

Delaware— Caesar Rodney, George Reed, Thos. McKean^ 

Maryland — Samuel Chase, Willaim Paca, Thomas Stone. 
Oharleis Carroll of CarrolWown. 

Virginia — George Wythe, Ricihard Henry Lee, Thomas 
Jefferson, Benjamin Harrison, Thomas Nelson, jr., Francis 
Lightfoot Lae, Carter Braxton. 

North Carolina — ^Willaim Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John 
Penm. 

South Carolina — ^Edward Rutled'ge, Thomas Hay ward, jr., 
Thos. Lynch, jr., Arthur Middleton. 

Georgia— Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, George Walton. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED 
STATES OF AMERICA. 



We, the (people of the United States, In order to form a 
more perfect unkm, eeta/blisli justice, Insure domestic 
tmnqulUty, provide for the oommon defense, promote 
the genral welfare, and secure tbe blessiugrs of llbertr 
to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establlah 
this Constitution for the United States of America^ 

^ ARTICLE I.'-The Ck>n«p:<es6. 

Section I. All le^Mlve powers bereln granted, shall be 
vested in a Oomgrees of the United States, wliioh shall con- 
sist of a senate and (house of represeDtatlves. 

Sec. II. The house of representatives shall be composed 
of menvbers chosen every secoud year by the people of the 
sevei'al states, and the electors in eaoh state shall have the 
quallfioatione requisite for eleKrtors of the most numerous 
branch of the stat^ leigrislature. 

No person shall be a representative wlio shall not have 
attained to the a^ of twenty-five years, avid been seven 
yeaiis a <;ltizen of the United States, and wiho shall not, 
when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in whi<clh he 
shall be chosen. 

Eepresentatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned 
amon^f the several states whlcfti may be Included within this 
Union, a'ecordlnig to their respective numbers, which shall 
be determined by adding to the whole number of free per- 
sons, including those bound to service for a term of years, 
and excluding: Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other 
l^ersons. The actual enumeration shall be made within 
three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the 
United ^tateei, and within every suibsequent term of ten 
years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The 
ikumber of rapresentatives cftiall not exceed one for every 
thirty thousand, but eaidh state shall have at least one 
representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, 
the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose 
three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providencer 
Plantations one, Ckmauectlcut five. New York six. New Jer- 
sey four, Pennsylvania eight, Deliaware one, Maryland six, 
Virginia ten. North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and 
Georgia three. 



28 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

' m 

When vacancies happen In the reppeeentation from any 
state, the execuitive authority 'thereof shall issue writs oif 
•election to fill suioh vacancies. 

The house of representatives ®hall c(hoo®e thetr s|>eaker 
and their oflacers; aaiid shall have -the sole power of im- 
peachment. 

Sec. III. The senate of lihe United Stages shall he com- 
iposed of two senators fPCMn eaadb. state, choaen by the legis- 
lature thereof, for six years; and each senator shall have 
one vote. 

Immediately after they ^all be assemi>led in conse- 
quence of the florst election, they shall be divided as equally 
;a6 may be into three classes. The seats of the senators of 
the finst class ^all be vacated at the explmtion ot the sec- 
ond, year ; of the second class at the expiration of the fourth 
year; and of the third class at he expiiriation of the sixth 
year, so that one-third may be chosen every second year; 
and If vacancies happen by resignation^ or otherwise, dur- 
ing the recesB of the leglsllaituire of any state, the executive 
thereof may make temporary ajpiptointments umtil the next 
meeting of the legislature, which sihall -tihen fill such vacaai- 
cies. 

No person shall be a senator who shall not have attained 
to the age of thirty years, anid been nine years a citizen of 
the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an 
Inhabitant of that state for which he shall be chosen. 

The vice president of the United States shall be president 
of the senate, but Shiall have no vote, unless they be equally 
divided. 

The senate shall choose their other officers, and also a 
president piro tempore, in the aibsenice of the vice president, 
or when he shall exercise the office of president of the 
United States. 

The senate sihall have the sole piower to try all impeach- 
ments. When sitting for that purpose they shall be on 
oath or affirmation. When the president of the United 
States is tried the chief justice shall preside; and no per- 
son shall be convicted without the ooncurpence of two- 
thirds of the members present. 

Judigment in cases of impeaidhment shall not extend 
further than to removal Irom office, and disqualification to 
hold and en^oy any office of honor, trust or profit under the 
United States; but the party convicted shall nevertheless 
be liable and subject to Indictment, trial, judgment and 
punishment according to law. 

Sec. IV. The times, pflaces and manner of holding elec- 
tions for senators and representatives, shall be prescribed 
In each state by the legislature thereof; but the Congress 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 29^ 

may at any time by law make or eiher such rogutetions, 
except afi to tbe places of cthoosinig semators. 

Tlie congirees shall assemble at least once in erery year, 
and such meeting: ^ail be on the first Monday in Decem'ber^ 
imlees they shall by law apfpoint a different day. 

Sec. V. Baoh house shall be <the judge of the elections 
retums and qualifications of its own members, and a ma- 
jority of eaoh fihall constitute a quorum to do business; 
but a smallefr nnnnber may adjourn fiom day to day, and 
may be authorized to comipel the attendance of absent mem- 
bers, in such manner, and under suiCh penalties as eacfli 
house may x>rovide. 

Eaoh Ihouse may determine the rules of its proceedings,, 
punish its members for disorderly behavior and, with the 
concuprence of .two-thirds, expel a member. 

Bach house sihall keep a journal of its proceedings, and 
from time to time public the same, excepting such parts 
as may in their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas 
and nays of 'the members of either house on any question 
shall, at the desdre of one^fif th of those present, be entered 
on the journal. 

Neither house during the session of congress, shall 
without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than 
three days, nor to any other place than that in which the 
two houses shall be sitting. 

Sec. VI. The senattors and representatives shall receive 
a compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law,, 
and paid out of the treasury of the United States. They 
shall in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the 
peace, be privileged ftrom arrest during their attendance 
at the session of their respective houses, and in going to and 
returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in 
either house, they shall not be questioned in any other 
place. 

No senator or representative shall, during the time for 
which he was elected, be appointed to any civil ofllee under 
(the a.uthorlty of the United States which shall have been 
created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been in- 
creased duiring such time; and no person holding any office 
under the United States, shall be a member of either house 
during his continuance in office. 

Sec. VII. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in 
the house of reipiresentatives; but the senate may propose- 
or concur with amendments as on other bills. 

Every hUl which shall have passed the house of represen- 
tatives and the senate, shall, before it becomes a law, be 
presented to the president of the United States; if he ap- 
prove he shall sign it, but If not 'he shall return it, with 
his objectodns, to that house in which it shall have origin- 



30 USaiSIiATIVB MANUAL 

ated,who shall enter the objections at large on their jonm&i, 
and proceed to Teconslder it. If sifter such reconsideration 
two-thirds of the house shall a«rree to imss the bill, it shall 
be seoft, together with the objections, to the other house, by 
which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by 
two-thirds of that house, it shall become a law. But in all 
suG(h cases the votes of both houses shall be determined by 
yeas and nays* and the names of the (persons voting for and 
against iSte blllf shall be entered on the journal of each 
ibouse respectively. If any bill shaill not be returned by 
the president within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it 
shall ihave been presented to him, the same shall be a law, 
in like manner as if he 'had sL&aed it unless the congress by 
their adjournment prevent Its return, in which case it shall 
not be a law. 

Every order, resolution or vote to which the concurrence 
of the senate and house of representatives may be neces- 
sary, (except the question of adjournment) »hall be pre- 
sented to the piresddeiift of the United States; and before the 
same shaill take effect, shall be apdNroved by aim, or being 
disapproved by him, shall be repassed by iwo-thlrds of the 
senate and house of Tepresentatives, according to the rules 
and limitations iprescrlbed in the case of a bill. 

Sec. VIII. The congress shall have power: 

To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to 
pay the deftyts and provide for the common defense, and gen- 
eral welfare of the United States; but all duties, imposts 
mad excises shall be uniform thTOughout the United States. 

To borrow money on the credit of the United States. 

To regulate commerce with foreign nations, ar<d among 
the several states, and with Indian tribes. 

To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and uni- 
form laws on the subject of bankruptcy throughout the 
United States. 

To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign 
coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures. 

Tc> provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the se- 
curities and current coin of the United States. 

To establish post offices and post roads. 

To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by 
securing for limited times to authors and inventors the 
exclusive right to thedr respective writings and discoveries. 

To constitute tribunails Inferior to the sup3>eme court. 

To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on 
the high seas and offenses against the law of nations. 

To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and 
make rules concerning captures on land and water. 

To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 31 

money to Uiait use shall be for a loD^per term than two 
years. 

To provide and maiiitaln a navy. 

,To m&ke rules for the government and regulation of the 
land and naval iJoroes. 

To pirovide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws 
of the union, suiptpiress Insurrections and repel inivasions. 

To provide for organizing, arming and disciplining the 
militia, and for governing snuch part of them as may be em- 
ployed in the service of the United States, reserving to the 
staftee, resfpectively, the appointment of theoflacers and the 
authxwity of training the militia according to the discipline 
prescribed by congrcss. • 

To exercise excdusive legislation, in all cases whatsoever, 
over such district, (not exceeding ten miles square), as may 
by cession of particu'lar states, and the acceptance of con- 
gress, become the seat of the government of the United 
States, and to exercise like authority over all places pur- 
chasd by the consent of the legislature of tne state in whicn 
the same sihall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, ar- 
senals, dockyards, and otiheir needfuil buildings; and 

To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper 
for carrying into execution the foregoing powers and all 
other powers vested by this constitution in the government 
of the United States, or in any department or oflleer thereof. 

Sec. IX. The migration or importation of such persons 
as any of the states now existing shall thiuK proper to ad- 
mit, shall not be prohibited by t^e congress prior to the 
year one thousand eig*ht hundred and eight, but a tax or 
duty may be imposed 'on such importation, not exceeding 
ten dollars for eadh person. 

The privilege of tdie writ of habeas corpus shall not be 
suspended unless when in cases of rebellion or Invasion 
the public sa^fety may require it. 

No bill fo attainder or ex iwst facto law shall be passed. 

No capitation or other direbt tax shall be laid unless in 
propoi^on to the census or enumeration hereinbefore di- 
rected to be taken. 

No tax or duty iShall be laid on articles exported from any 
state. 

No preference shall be given by any regulation of 
commerce or revenue to the sports of one state over those of 
another; nor shall vessels bound to, oar from, one state, be 
obliged to enter, dear or pay duties in another. 

No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in con- 
sequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular 
statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of 
all public money shall be published from time to time. 



32 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



No title of nobility efliall be granted by the United States; 
and no person holdiin^ any office of iproflt or trust under 
them, shall, without the consent of the oongress, accept of 
any present, emolument, office, or title, of any kind what- 
ever, from any king, prince or foreign state. 

Sec. X. No etate shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or 
oonfedeitation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin 
money; emiit bills of credit; make anything but gold and 
silver coin a tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of 
attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation 
of coomtracts, or grant any title of nobiltiy. 

No state shall without the consent of the congress, lay any 
imiposts or duties on Ijworts or exports, except what may 
be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws, 
and the net piroduce of all duties and imposts laid by any 
state on imports or exports, shall be for the use of the treas- 
ury of the United States; and all such laws shall be subject 
to the revision and control of the congress. 

No state sihall, without the consent of congress, lay any 
duty of tonnage, keep troops, or ships of w&r in time 
of peace, enter into any agreement or com(paot with an- 
other state, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, un- 
less ajctually invaded, or in such imminent danger as 
will not admit of delay. 

ARTICLE II.-— The Executive. 

^ Section I. The executive power sihall be vested in a pres- 
ident of the United States of America He shall hold his 
office durdns. the term of four years, ^nd, together with the 
vice president, chosen for the same term, be elected, as 
follows: 

Each state shall appoint, in such manner as the legisla- 
ture thereof may direct a number of electors, equal to the 
wihole number of senators and representatives to which the 
state may be entitled in the, congress, but no senator or 
representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit 
under the United States, shall be appointed an elector. 

The electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote 
by ballot for two persons, of whom one at least shall not be 
an inhabdtant of the same sftate with themselves. And they 
sihall make a list of aJl the persons/ voted for, and of the 
number of votes for each: whlich list they shall sign and 
certify and transmit sealed to the seat of government of the 
United States, directed to the president of the senate. The 
president of the senate slhaill, in the piresence of the senate, 
and house of representatives, oipen all the certificates, and 
the votes s(haill then be counted. The person having the 
greatest number of votes shall be the president, if such num* 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 3J 

ber be a majority of the whole num'ber of electors ap- 
polnited, and if there be more than one "who have sueh ma- 
jortiy, and have an equal number of votes, then the house 
of representatives shall immediately choose by ballot one of 
them for piresildent, and If no persom have a majority, then 
from the five highest on the lisit the said house shall in like 
manner choose the president. But in choosing the presi- 
dent» the votes shall be taken by statee* the reipresentation 
from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose 
shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of 
the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessciry 
to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the presi- 
dent, the ixerson having the greatest numtber of votes of the 
electors shall be the vice president, But if there sihould re- 
main two or more who have equal votes, the senate shall 
ohoose from them by ballot the vice president. (This clause 
is altogether altered and supiplied by the twelfth amend- 
ment.) 

The congress may determine the time of choosing the 
electors, and the day on whidh they shall ^ve their votes; 
which day shall be the same throughout te United States* 

No person except a natural born citizen or a citizen of the 
United States at the time of the adoiption of this constitu- 
tion, shall be eligible to the office of president; neither shall 
any person be eligible to that office who shall not have at- 
tained to the age of taiirty-five years, and been fourteen 
years a resident within the United States. 

In case of the removal of the president from office, or of 
his death, resignation, or inability to dischairge the powers 
and duties of the said office, the same sihail devolve on the 
vice president; and the congress may, by law, provide for 
the case of removal, death, resignation or inability, both of 
the president and vice president, declaring what officer shall 
then act as president, and such officer shall act accordingly, 
until the disability be removed, or a presidents shall be 
elected. 

The (president shall, at stated times, receive for his ser- 
vices a compensation, which shall neither be increased nor 
diminished during the period for which he shall have been 
elected and he shall not receive within that period any 
other emolument from the United States, or any of them. 

Before he enter on the execution of his office, he shall 
take the following oath or affirmation. 

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully 
exeJcute the office of president of the United States, and will 
to the best of my abiltiy, preserve, protect and defend the 
constitution of the United States." 

Sec. II. The president shall be commander-'in-chief of 
the army and navy of the United States, and of the militia 



34 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



of the several states, when called into the actual service of 
the United States; he may require the opinion, in writing, 
of the principal oflleer in each of the executive departments, 
uipon any subject pelaitinig to the ^uties of their respective 
offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and par- 
dons for offenses against the United States, except in cases 
of Impeachment. 

He shall have power by and With the advice and consent 
of the senate, to make treaties, ixrovided' two-thirds of the 
senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and 
with the advice and cnnsent of the senate, shall appoint 
embassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of 
the su/preme court, and all other officers of the United 
States, wfliose appointments are not herein otherwise pro- 
vided for, and which shall be established by law; but the 
congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior 
•officers, as 'they think pipoper, in the president alone, in the 
courts Off law, or in the heads of departments. 

The president shall have power to fill up all vacancies 
that .may happen during the recess of the senate, by grant- 
ing commissions which shall exlplre at the end of their 
next session. 

Sec. III. He ^haJl from time to time give to the congress 
information of the state of the union, and recommend to 
their consideration such measuires as he sihall judge neces- 
saiy and exipedlent; he may, on extraordinary occasions, 
convene both houses, or either of them; and in case of dls- 
agreement between them, with respect to the time of ad- 
journment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall 
think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other pub- 
lic ministers ; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully 
executed, and shall commlssdon all the officers of the United 
States. 

Sec. IV. Thie president, vice president and all civil offi- 
cers of the United States, shall be removed from office on 
Impeachment for, and con/vlction of, treason, bribery, or 
other high crimes and misdemeanors. 

ARTICLE III.— The Judiciary. 

Section I. The judicial power of the United States shall 
be vested in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts 
as the congress may from time to time ordain and establish. 
The judges, both of the suipreme and Inferior courts, shall 
liold their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated 
times, receive for their services, a compensation, which 
«(hall not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

Sec. II. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in 
law and equity, arising under this constitution, the laws of 
the United States, and treaties made, or which »hall be 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 35 



made* under their atxthority; to all casee affecting ambassa- 
dors, other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of ad- 
miralty and mari^me jurisdietion; to controversies to 
¥^ch the United Stajtes shall be a paolty; to cooitroyersies 
between two or more states; between a statte and citizens of 
another state; between dtizeus of different states; between 
citizens of the same state claiming lands under grants of 
different states, and between a state, or the citizens there- 
of, and forei«ni states, citizens or subjects. 

In all casee affecting ambassadors, otiher public ministers 
and oonsfuls, and those in wMch a state shall be a party, the 
supreme court shall have original juiiisddction. In all the 
other Kiaeea before mentioned, the suipreme court shall have 
appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such 
exceptions, and under such regulations as the congress shall 
make. 

The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, 

shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the state 

where the said crime shall have been committed; but when 

not committed within any state, the tiial shall be at such 

place or places as the con^rrese may by law have directed. 

Sec. III. Treason against tihe United States shall consist 
oMy in levying war against them, or in adhering to their 
enemeiis, giving them aid and comfort. No peL*son shaV 
be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two wit- 
nesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open 
court 

The congress shail have power to declare the punishment 
of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work corrup- 
tion of blood, or forfeiture except during the life of the per- 
son attainted. 

ARTICLE IV.-— The States and Territories. 

Section I. B\iM faith and credit shall be given in each 
state, to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings 
Off every other state. And the congress may by general 
laws prescribe the manner in which such acts, records and 
txroceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof. 

Sec. II. The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all 
privileges and Immunities of citizens in the several states. 

A person charged In any state with treason, felony or 
other crime, who shall flee from justice and be found in an- 
other state, shall, on demand otf the executive authority of 
the state from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed 
to the state having jurisdiction of the crime. 

No person lield to service or labor in one state, under the 
laws thereof, escaping Into another, shall. In consequence 
of any law or relation therein, be discharged from such 



36 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of tlie 
party to whom such service or labor may be due. 

Sec. III. New states may be admitted by the congress 
into this union; but no new state shall be formed or erected 
within the jurisdiotion of any other state; nor any state be 
formed by the junction of two or more states, or parts of 
states, without the consent of the legislatures of the states 
concerned as well as of the congress. 

The contgress shall ha^ve power to dispose of and make all 
needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or 
other property belonging to the United States; and nothing 
in this constituion sihall be so construed as to prejudice 
any claims of the United States, or of any particular state. 

Sec. IV. The United Staites shall guarantee to every state 
in the union a republican form of government, and shall 
protect each of them against invasion; and on application 
of the legislature, or of the executive, (when the legislature 
cannot be convened) against domestic violence. 

ARTICLE V. — ^Amendments. 

The congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall 
deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this con- 
stitution, or, on the application of the legislatures of two- 
thirds of the several states, shall call a convention for pro- 
posing amendments, which in either case, shall be valid, to 
all intents and puiiposes, as part of this constitutiou, when 
ratified by «ttoe legislatures of three-fourths of the several 
states, or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, as the 
one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by 
the congress; provided, that no amendment which may be 
made prior to the yea<rs one thousand eight hundred and 
eight shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses 
in the ninth section of the first article; and that no state, 
without its consent, shall be deprived of is equal suffrage 
in the senate. 

ARTICLE VI. — Misoeaianeous Business. 

All debts contracted and engagements entered into 
before the adoption of this constitution, shall be as 
valid against the United States under this constitution, as 
under the confederation. 

This constiution, and the laws of the United States 
which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties 
made, or whcih shall be made, under the authority of the 
United States, shall be the supreme law of tie land; and 
the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything 
in the constitution or laws of any state to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

The senators and reipresentatiYes before-mentioned, and 
the members of the several state leigislatursB, and all ez- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 37 

■ ^1^— I ■■ ■ ■^ —II. --I I I I. I ■ I ■ I ■ ■■ ■■■■■■ I ^ ■ ■ > > ii I " 

ecutlve and Judkial officers, botih of the United States and 
oif tlie several sitates, shall be bound by oath or affirmation* 
to support this constitution; but no religious test shall 
ever be required as a qualification to any office or public 
the states so ratifying the same. 

ARTIOLB VII.— Ratifloation. 

Th« ratification of the conventions of nine states shall be 
sufficient for the establlsthment of this constitution between 
he states so rat^ying the same. 

Done in the convention by the unanimous consent of the 
states present, the seventeenth day of September, in the 
year of our Lord one thooisand seven hundred and* 
eighty-seven, and of the independence of the United 
States of America, the twelfth. 

In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our 
names. 

Geo. Washington, President, 

And Deputy from Virginia. 

Attest: William Jackson, Secretai^r. 

New Hamjpehire — 
John Langdon. 
Nicholas Oilman. 

Massachusetts — 

Nathaniel Gorham, 
Rufus King. 

Connecticut — 

WUliam Samuel Johnson, 
Roger Sherman, 

New York — 

Alexander Hamilton. 

New Jersey — 

Wil: Livingston, 
WilUam Brearly, 
William Patenson, 
Jona Dayton. 

Pennsylvania — 
B. Franklin, 
Thomas Mifflin, 
Robert Morris, 
George Clymer, 
Thomas Pitzsimons, 
Jared Ingersoll, 
James Wilson, 
Gouv. Morrds. 



.1^ LggTffr.^TIVie. ^rx^% j-xT. 






M^TTisbiul — 

Virijlnia — 

Jo&a BEalr. 

Jam<«s 3Ca«1^90ii, Jim , 

"S^ffFth CxroUaa — 
William Btant. 

Hii, WiUfamaon. 

§€mtb Carolina — 
J. Rotled^e, 

Cbas, Coteswordi Pfcknej^ 
Cbaites Plncioiey, 
Piepoe Butler. 

Otor^B — 

William Few. 
Abr, Baldwin. 

AtfPMf: Wilflaia Jackfon, Secretary. 



ARTICLES. 

In Addition to, and Amendment of the Constitution of the 
United States of Ambbioa, Pboposbd by Congbess and 
Ratified by the Leoislatubes of thb Sevebal States, 
Pubsuant to the Fifth Abtiolb of the Obiginal Con- 
stitution. 

ARTICLE I. 

Congress dball make no law respecting an establishment 
of reiigion, or prohibltlnig the free exercise thereof; or 
abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the 
right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition 
the government for a redress of grievances. 

ARTICLE II. 

A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security 
of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear 
arms shall not be infringed. 

ARTICLE III. 

No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered In any 
house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of 
war^ but in a manner to be prescribed by law. 

ARTICLE IV. 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers* and effects, against unreasonable searches 
and seizures, shaJl not be violated, and no warrant shall 
issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirm- 
ation. an0 particularly describing the place to be searched 
and the persons or thingis to be seized. 

ARTICLE V. 

No iperson shall be held to answer for a capital, or other- 
wise Infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indict- 
ment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or 
naval foroee or in the militia, w^en in actual service in 
time of war and public danger, nor shall any person be sub- 
ject for the same offence to be twice put in Jeopardy of life 
or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be 
a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty 
or propebty, without due process of law; nor shall private 
property be taken for public use without just compensation. 



40 IiEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



ARTICLE VI. 

In all criminal (prosecutions,, the accused shall enjoy the 
right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury of 
the stafte and district wherein the crime shall haye been 
committed, which district shall have been previously ascer- 
tained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause 
of the accusation; to be coafronted with the witnesses 
aganist Mm; to have compulsory process fbr obtaining wit- 
nesses in his favor, and to have tdie assistance of counsel 
for his defense. 

ARTICLE VII. 

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy 
shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall 
be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise 
re-examined in any court of the United States, than accord- 
ing to the rules of common law. 

AiRTICLE VIII. 

Excessive ball shall not be required, nor excessive fines 
imposed, nqr cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 

ARTICLE IX. 

The eniumeration In the constitution of certain rights, 
shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained 
by the peorple. 

ARTICLE X. 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the 
conistitution nor (pirohiblted by it to the states, are reserved 
to the states respectively, or to the people. 

ARTICLE XI. 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be con- 
strued to extend to any suit In law or equity, commenced 
or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens 
of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign 
state. 

ARTICLE XII. 

The electors shall meet in their respective states, and 
vote by ballot for president and vice president, one of 
whom, at least shall not be an in'habitant of the same 
state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the 
person voted for as ipresident, and in distinct ballots the 
person voted for as vice president; and they shall make 
distin)ct lists of all persons voted for as pre^dent, and of 
all persons voted for as vice president, and of the number 
of votes for each; which lists they shall sign and certify, 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 41 

and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the 
United States, directed to the president of the 
senate; the president of the senate shall, in the 
{Kresenice of the senate and house of representatives* 
open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be 
counted; the person having the greatest number of votes 
for president shall be the president, if such number be a 
majority of the whole number of .eletcors appointed; and if 
no person have such majortiy, then from the' persons hav- 
ing the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of 
those voted for as president, the house of representatives 
shall choose Immediately, by ballot, the president. But in 
choosing the president the votes shall be taken by stateis. 
the representation from each state having one vote; a 
quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or mem- 
bers from two-thdrds of the states, and a majortiy of all the 
states shall be necesasry to a choice. And if the house of 
representatives shall not cihoose a president whenever the 
right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth 
day of March next following, then the vice-«president shall 
act as president, as in the case of the death or other consti- 
tutional dlsaibllity of the president. The person having 
the greatest number of votes as vice president shall be the 
vice president, if such number be a majority of tlie whole 
nnimber of electors appointed, and If no person have a ma- 
jority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the 
senate shall choose the vice president; a quorum for the 
purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of 
senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be 
necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally in- 
elig^bBe to the office of president shall be eligible to that of 
vice presldeait off the United States. 

ARTICLE XIII. 

Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, ex- 
cept as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall 
have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United 
States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. 

Sec. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article 
by appropriate legislation. 

. ARTICLE XIV. 

Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United 
States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens 
of the United States, and of the state wherein they reside. 
No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge 
the privilege or immunities of citizens of the United 
States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, lib- 
erty, or property, without due process of law, nor deny to 



42 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



any person within its Jurisdiction the equal protection of 
the laws. 

Sec. 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the 
several states according to their respective numbers, count- 
ing the whole number of persons in each state, excluding 
Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any elec- 
tion for the choice of electors for president and vice presi- 
dent of the United States, representatives in congress, the 
executive and judicial officers of a state, or the members of 
the legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhab- 
itants of such state, being twenty-one years of age, and citi- 
zens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except 
for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of 
representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion 
which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the 
whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in 
such state. 

Sec. 3. No person shall be a senator or representative in 
congress, or elector of president or vice president, or hold 
any office, dvil or military, under the United States, or 
under any state, who, having (previously taken an oath, as 
a member of congress, or as an officer of the United States, 
or as a memtoer of any state legislature, or as an executive 
or judicial officer of any state, to support the constitution of 
the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection, or re- 
bellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the ene- 
mies thereof. But congress may by a vote of tw6-thirds of 
each 'house, remove such disability. 

Sec. 4. The validity of the public debt of the United 
States, authorized by law, including debc£ incurred for 
payment of pensions and bounties for services, in sup- 
pressing Insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. 
But neither the United States nor any state shall assume or 
pay any deibt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or 
rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss 
or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obliga- 
tions and claims shall be held Illegal and void. 

Sec. 6. The congress shall have power to enforce by ap- 
propriate legislation, the provisions of this article. 

ARTICLE V. 

Section 1 The right of citizens of the United States to 
vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States 
or by any sate, on account of race, color, or previous con- 
dition of servitude. 

Sec. 2. The congress shall have power to enforce this 
article by appropriate legislation. , 

NOTE. —The constitution was adopted September 17, 1787, by 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 43' 

the unanimous consent of the states present hi the convention ap- 
j^inted hi pursuance of the resolution of the congress of the con- 
federation, of February 21, 1787, and was ratified by the con- 
ventions of the several states, as follows, viz.: By convention of 
Delaware December 7, 1787; Pennsylvania, December 12, 1787; 
New Jersey, December 18th, 1787; Oeorgia, January 
3, 1788; Ck)nnecticut, January 9. 1788; Massachusetts. 
February 6, 1788; Maryland, April 28, 1788; South Carolina^ Mayr 
28, 1788; New Hampshire June 21, 1788; Vlrghiia, June 26, 1788-, 
New York, July 26 1788; North Carolina, November 21, 1780; 
Rhode Island, May 29, 1790. 

The first ten of the amendments were proposed at the first ses- 
sion of the first congress of the United States, Sepember 25, 1780,. 
and were finally ratified by the constitutional number of states, 
December 15, 1791. 

The eleventh amendment was proposed at the first session- 
of the third congress, March 5, 1794, and was declared in a mes- 
sage from the president of the United States to both houses of 
congress, dated January 8, 1798, to have been adopted by the- 
constitutlonal number of states. 

The tweltfth amendment was proposed at the first session of 
the eighth congress, December 12. 1803, and was adopted by the 
constitutional number of states in 1804, according to a public notice- 
thereof by the secretary of state, dated Sept. 25, 1804. 

The thirteenth amendment was proposed at the second session* 
of the thirty-eighth congress, February 1, 1865, and was adopted 
by the constitutional number of states In 1835, according to a public- 
notice thereof by the secretary of state, dated December 18, 186:. 

The fourteenth amendment took effect July 28, 1868. 

The fifteenth amendment took effect March 30, 1870. 



HISTORICAL. 



Dakota i<3 an Indian name and signifies "confederated"* 
or "let.gued together," and applied originally to the Sioux 
confederation of Indians. The present state of North Da- 
kota, tigother with that of South Dakota, was a part of the* 
territory purchased in 1803 of France by President Thomas 
Jefterson for the sum of fifteen million dollars and the- 
assumption of certain claims held by citizens of the United 
States against France, which made the purchase amount 
to twenty-seven million two hundred and sixty-seven thou- 
sand o.nd six hundred and twenty-one dollars and ninety- 
eight cents ($27,267,621.98), and was known as the Loui- 
siana purchase. 

October 1, 1803, that part of the new purchase lying south 
of Arkans.irj was formed into the "Territory of Orleans ;"^ 
the remaining portion, which includes the states of Arkan- 
sas, Miseouri, Iowa, Minnesota, Kansas, Nebraska, part of 
Colorado, North and South Dakota, the Indian Territory 
and a part of Wyoming was formed into the district of 
Louisiana, and the governi2.g power was vested in a gov- 
ernor and Judge of what was then known as the Indian Ter- 
ritory. Provident Jefferson having great confidence In the- 
future greatness of the west, sent in 1804, an exploring ex- 
pedition in charge of Captains Lewis and Clark, who were 
the first to traverse the entire length of the Missouri river, 
ard in 1804-5-6 gave to the world the first general account 
of D.akota. Lewis and Clark camped the first winter in 
latitude 47 degrees. 21 minutes, 23 seconds — among the 
Mandan Indians, at Fort Mandan, which was some twelve or 
fifti>en miloii above Washburn in McLean county. 

The first mention of the country west of the great lakes 
v/as made by Nicollet, sent out by the French authorities 
at Quebec in 1639. Nicollet called the inhabitants Nad- 
piUessioux, which was abbreviated Into Sioux by the later 
French explorers. The Sioux were warlike and the enemy 
of all other tribes, hence the name of Sioux, or enemy. 

July 1, 1805, congress designated the District of Louisiana 
as the territory of the sajne name, and placed the legisla- 
tive power In the handy of a governor and three judges 
named by the president and confirmed by the senate of 
the United States. December 7, 1812, the name of the 
territory was changed to "Territory of Missouri," and lim- 
ited power was granted the people residing therein to elect 
a legislative body. June 28, 1834, congress created the ter- 
ritory of Michigan, which included that part of Dakota, 
North and South, lying east of the Missouri and White 



46 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Earth riveri, and including the present states of Michigan, 
Wisconsin, Iowa and Minnesota. The territory of Wiscon- 
sin was established July 3/1836, and included that part of 
the state of North Dakota lying east of the Missouri and 
White Earth rivers. Juno 12, 1838, the territory of Iowa 
V as < rganizcrd, including part of the present state of North 
Dakota; March 3, 1849, the territory of Minnesota was 
established, which covered that part of the state of North 
Dakota lying oast of the Missouri river; May 30, 1854, the 
territory of Nebraska was organized and that part of the 
states of Nortii and South Dakota lying west of the Mis- 
souri and White Earth riyers, and which had previous to. 
that time been known as "Mandan Territory," was included 
in Nebraska Territory. 

Minnesotr, bocame a state on the H.h day of May, 1858; 
from that date until the second day of March, 1861, all that 
part of both. North and Soutu Dakota east of the Missouri 
and White Eiarth rivers was without legal name or exist- 
ence. 

The bill incorporating the present states of North and 
South Dakota as Dakota Territory was signed by President 
Buchman on March 2, 1861. On May 27th thereafter 
I*resident Lincoln appointed as the first governor of Dakota 
Territory Dr. William Jayne, of Springfield, 111. Dr. Jayne 
had been c young man who grew up as a physician while 
Lincoln was developing as a lawyer in Springfield, the 
then new capit?.l of Illinois, and a close personal friendship 
h-'d existed between the two until Lincoln had become 
president of the United States; and in recognition of the 
friendships of his earlier days he appointed Dr. Jayne as 
the first governor of what was then to his mind the most 
promising territory yet organized. 

The employes of various fur companies were the first 
white settleri of the territory of Dakota. As early as 1808 
the government established Fort Clark on the Missouri 
at the mouth of the Knife river — a point about seven miles 
up the river from where Lewis and Clark had in 1804-5 spent 
the winter and established what they called Fort Mandan. 
In 1811 Lord Selkirk built a fort at Pembina on the Red 
Tiver a short distance below the international boundary 
li: o. Fort Pierre was built in 1829 and the first steamer 
ascended the Missouri river in 1830. In 1839 Gen. John C. 
PYemont crossed over the country from the Missouri to the 
James rivers thence across the country to Devils Lake. 
Cotlin, the famous Indian painter, whose collection, the 
largest in thi world, of pictures of noted Indian chiefs — 
now owned by the government and on exhibit in the 
national museum at Washington-Traveled over the coun- 
try in 1841. A majority of these pictures were painted 
from sittings in life. Captain Pope's map of a trip to the 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 47 

t * 

Red river in 1849, and which is now on file in the war de- 
partment at Washington, designates all the country around 
Devils Lake as a "salt water region," and Lieutenant War- 
ren, who explored the "Dacouta" country under the direc- 
tion of the government in 1855, said the territory was occu- 
pied by powerful tribes of roving savages and "is only 
adapted to a mode of life liko theirs." 

Gov. William Jayne arrived at Yankton, which was desig- 
np.ied in the act organizing the territory of Dakota, as the 
territorial capital, on May 27, 1861, and proceeded to the 
organization of a territorial government. Yankton re- 
iuf*ined the ccpital from that date until the 2nd day of 
June, 1883, when it was removed from Yankton to Bis- 
marck, which remained the territorial capital until the for- 
mation of the states of North and South Dakota. The ter- 
ritorial legislature passed an act in 1883 providing for the 
removal of the territorial capital from Yankton to a point 
designated by commissioners appointed for the location of 
the new capital. The following persons were appointed as 
such commissioners, viz: Alexander McKenzie, Milo W. 
Scott, Burleigh F. Spalding, Charles H. Myers, George A. 
Matthews, Alexander Hughes, Henry H. DeLong, John P. 
Belding and M. D. Thompson. The capital commission, at 
a session held in the city of Fargo, on the 2nd day of June, 
1883, located the territorial capital at Bismarck. The act 
provided that $100,000 and 160 acres of land should be 
donated to the str.te for capitol purposes as a condition of 
the location of the seat of government. The citizens of 
Bismarck by voluntary subscription contributed $100,000 
in cash and 320 acres of land. 

A bill known as the "omnibus bill" and which was an 
act dividing the territory of Dakota into the states of North 
and South Dakota, and enabling the two Dakotas, Montana 
and Washington to formulate constitutions, was approved 
February 22, 1889, and a constitutional convention was 
held at Bismarck, beginning July 4, 1889. A constitution 
was formulated and submitted to a vote of the people of 
the state of North Dakota at an election called for that 
purpose, and to elect state officers, October 1, 1889. There 
were 27,440 votes cast for and 8,107 against the adoption 
of the constitution. 



ENABLING ACT. 



[Approved February 22, 1889] 
AN ACT to provide for the division of Dakota Into two states and 
to enable the people of North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana 
and Washington to form constitutions and state governments 
and to be admitted Into the union on an equal footing with the 
original states, cmd to make donations of public lands to such 
states. 

Section 1. That the Inhabitants of all that part of the 
area of the United States now constituting the territories 
of Dakota, Montana and Washington, as at present de- 
scribed, may become the states of North Dakota, South 
Dakota, Montana and Washington, respectively, as herein- 
after provided. 

Sec. 2. The area comprising the territory of Dakota 
shall, for the purposes of this act, be divided on the line of 
the 7th standard parallel produced due west to the western 
boundary of said territory; and the delegates elected as 
hereinafter provided to the constitutional convention in 
districts north of said parallel shall assemble in conven- 
tion, at the time prescribed in this act, at the city of Bis- 
marck; and the delegates elected in districts south of said 
parallel shall, at the same time, assemble in convention at 
the city of Sioux Falls.. 

Sec. 3. That all persons who are qualified by the laws 
of sadd territories to vote for representatives to the legisla- 
tive assemblies thereof are hereby authorized to vote for 
and choose delegates to form conventions in said proposed 
states; and the qualifications for delegates to such conven- 
tions shall be such as by the laws of said territories re- 
spectively, persons are required to possess to be eligible to 
the legislative assemblies thereof; and the aforesaid dele- 
gates to form said conventions shall be apportioned within 
the limits of the proposed states, in such districts as may- 
be established as herein provided, in proportion to the popu- 
lation in each of said counties and districts, as near as may- 
be, to be ascertained at the time of makiilg said apportion- 
ments by the persons hereinafter authorized to make the 
same from the best information obtainable in each of 
which districts three delegates shall be elected, but no 
elector shall vote for more than two persons for delgates 
to such conventions; that said apportionments shall be 
made by the governor, the chief justice and the secretary 
of said territories; and the governors of said territories 
shall, by proclamation, order an election of the delegates 
aforesaid in each of said proposed states, to be held on 



50 LECnSLATIVE MANUAL 



the Tuesday after tlie aeeond Mcmdaj in May, 18S5; i^lcb 
proclamatioa shall be issued on the 15th day of Apiil^ 18SS; 
and such election shall be conducted, the returns made, the 
result ascertained, and the certfficates to poiRxis elected to 
such conyentions issued in the same mann^ as is pre- 
scribed by the laws of the said territories regulating elec> 
tions therein for delegates to congress; and the number c€ 
votes cast for delegates in each i>recinct shall also be re- 
turned. The number of delegates to said conyentions re- 
spectively Shan be 75; and an perscms resid^tls in said 
proposed states who are quaUfied voters ot said territories 
as herein provided, shan be ^ititled to vote upon the elec- 
tion of delegates, and under such rules and regulations as 
said conventions may prescribe, not in conflict with this 
act, upon the ratification or rejection of the omstitution. 

Sec. 4. That the delegates to the conventions elected 
as provided for in this act shall meet at the seat of gov- 
ernment of each of said territories, except the delegates 
elected in South Dakota, who shaU meet at the city of Sioux 
Falls, on the fourth day of July. 1889, and after organiza- 
tion shall declare, on behalf of the people of said proposed 
states, that they adopt the constitution of the United 
States; whereupon the said conventions shall be, and are 
hereby authorized to form constitutions and state govern- 
ments for said proposed states respectively. The constitu- 
tion shall be republican in form, and make no distinction 
In civil or political riglrts on account of race or color, ex- 
cert as to Indians not taxed, and not be repugnant t^y the 
constitution of the United States and the principles of the 
declaration of independence. And said convention shall 
provide, by ordinances irrevocable without the consent of 
the rnited States and the people of said states. 

First. That the perfect toleration of religious sentiment 
shall be secured, and that no inhabitant of said states shall 
ever be molested in person or property on account of his 
or her mode of religious worship. 

Second. That the people inhabiting said proposed states 
do agree and declare that they forever disclaim all right 
and title to the unappropriated public lands lying within 
the boundaries thereof, and to all lands lying within said 
limits owned or held by any Indian or Indian tribes; and 
that until the title thereto shall have been extinguished 
by the United States, the same shall be and remain subject 
to the disposition of the United States, and said Indian 
lands shall remain under the absolute jurisdiction and con 
trol of the congress of the United States; that the lands 
belonging to citizens of the United States residing without 
the said states shall never be taxed at a higher rate than 
the lands belonging to residents thereof; that no taxes 
shall be Imposed by the states on lands or property therein 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA ^1 



belonging to or which may hereafter be purchased by the 
United States or reserved for its use. But nothing herein, 
or in the ordinances herein provided for, shall preclude the 
said states from taxing as other lands are taxed any lands 
owned or held by any Indian who has severed his tribal 
relations, and has obtained from the United States or from 
any person a title thereto by patent or other grant, save 
and except such lands as have been or may be granted to 
any Indian or Indians under any act of congress containing 
a provision exempting the lands thus granted from taxa- 
tion; but said ordinances shall provide that all such lands 
shall be exempt from taxation by said states so long and to 
such extent as such act of congress may prescribe. 

Third. That the debts and liabilities of said territories 
shall be assumed and paid by said states respectively. 

Fourth. That provision shall be made for the establish- 
ment and maintenance of systems of public schools, which 
shall be open to all the children of said states, and free 
from sectarian control. 

Sec. 5. That the convention which shall assemble at Bis- 
marck shall form a constitution and state government for a 
state to be known as North Dakota, and the convention 
which shall assemble at Sioux Falls shall form a constitu- 
tion and state government for a state to be known as South 
Dakota; provided, that at the election for delegates to the 
constitutional convention in South Dakota, as hereinbefore 
provided, each elector may have written or printed on his 
ballot the words "For the Sioux Falls Constitution" or the 
words "Against the Sioux Falls Constitution," and the 
votes on this question shall be returned and canvassed in 
the same manner as for the election provided for in Sec. 3 
of this act; and if a majority of all votes cast on this ques- 
tion shall be "For the Sioux Falls Constitution" it shall be 
the duty of the convention which may assemble at Sioux 
Falls, as herein provided, to resubmit to the people of 
South Dakota, for ratification or rejection, at the election 
hereinafter provided for in this act, the constitution framed 
at Sioux Falls and adopted Nov. 3, 1885, and also the ar- 
ticles and propositions separately submitted at that elec- 
tion, including the question of locating the temporary seat 
of government, with such changes only as relate to the 
name and boundary of the proposed state, to the reappor- 
tionment of the judicial and legislative districts, and such 
amendments as may be necessary in order to comply with 
the provisions of this act; and if a majority of the votes 
cast on the ratification or rejection of the constitution shall 
be for the constitution irrespective of the articles separately 
submitted, the state of South Dakota shall be admitted as a 
state in the union under said constitution as hereinafter 
provided; but the archives, records and books of the terrl- 



52 LEQISLATIVB MANUAL 



tory of Dakota shall remain at Bismarck, the capital of 
North Dakota, until an agreement in reference thereto is 
reached by said states. But if at the election for delegates 
to the constitutional convention in South Dakota a ma- 
jority of all the votes cast at that election shall be "Against 
the Sioux Falls Constitution," then and in that event it 
shall be the duty of the convention which will assemble at 
the city of Sioux Falls on the fourth day of July, 1889, to 
proceed to form a constitution and state government as 
provided in this act the same as if that question had not 
been submitted to a vote of the people of South Dakota. 

Sec. 6. It shall be the duty of the constitutional conven- 
tions of North Dakota and South Dakota to appoint a Joint 
commission to be composed of not less than three members 
of each convention, whose duty it shall be to assemble at 
Bismarck, the present seat of government of said territory, 
and agree upon an equitable division of all property be- 
longing to the territory of Dakota, the disposition of all 
public records, and also adjust and agree upon the amount 
of the debts and liabilities of the territory which shall be 
assumed and paid by each of the proposed states of North 
Dakota and South Dakota, and the agreement reached re- 
specting the territorial debts and liabilities' shall be incor- 
porated in the respective constitutions, and each of said 
states shall obligate itself to pay its proportion of such 
debts and liabilities the same as if they had been created 
by such states respectively. 

Sec. 7. If the constitutions formed for both North Da- 
kota and South Dakota shall be rejected by the people at 
the elections for the ratification or rejection of their re- 
spective constitutions as provided for in this act, the terri- 
torial government of Dakota shall continue in existence the 
same as if this act had not been passed.' But if the consti- 
tution formed for either North Dakota or . South Dakota 
shall be rejected by the people, that part of the territory so 
rejecting its proposed constitution shall continue under the 
territorial government of the present territory of Dakota, 
but shall, after the state adopting its constitution is ad- 
mitted into the union, be called by the name of the terri- 
tory of North Dakota or South Dakota, as the case may be; 
provided, that if either of the proposed states provided for 
in this act shall reject the constitution which may be sub- 
mitted for ratification or rejection at the election provided 
therefor, the governor of the territory in which such pro- 
posed constitution was rejected shall issue his proclamation 
reconvening the delegates elected to the convention which 
formed such rejected constitution, fixing the time and place 
at which said delegates shall assemble; and when so as- 
sembled they shall proceed to form another constitution or 
to amend tho rejected constituion, and shall submit such 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 53 

new constitution or amendea constitution to the people of 
the proposed stato for ratification or rejection, at such time 
as said convention may determine; and all the provisions 
of this act, so far as applicable* shall apply to such conven- 
tion so reassembled and to the constitution which may be 
formed, its ratification or rejection, and to the admission 
of the proposed state. 

Sec. 8. That the constitutional convention which may 
assemble in South Dakota shall provide by ordinance for 
resubmitting the Sioux Falls constitution of 1885, after hav- 
ing amended the same as provided in Sec. 5 of this act, to 
the people of South Dakota for ratification or rejection at 
an election to be held therein on the first Tuesday in Octo- 
ber, 1889; but if said constitutional convention is author- 
ized and required to form a new constitution for South Da- 
kota it shall provide for submitting the same in like manner 
to the people of South Dakota for ratification or rejection, 
at an election to be held in said proposed state on the said 
first Tuesday in October. And thfi constitutional conven- 
tions which may assemble in North Dakota, Montana and 
vv ashington shall provide in like manner for submitting the 
constitutions formed by them to the people of said pro- 
posed states, respectively, for ratification or rejection at 
elections to be held in said proposed states on the said first 
Tuesday in October. At the elections provided for in this 
section the qualified voters of said proposed states shall 
vote directly for or against the proposed constitutions, and 
for or against any articles or propositions separately sub- 
mitted. The returns of said elections shall be made to the 
secretary of each of said territories, who, with the governor 
and chief justice thereof, or any two of them, shall canvass 
the same; and if a majority of the legal votes cast shall 
be for the constitution the governor shall certify the result 
to the president of the United States, together with a state- 
ment of the votes cast thereon and upon separate articles or 
propositions, and a copy of the said constitution, articles, 
propositions and ordinances. And if the constitutions and 
governments of said proposed states are republican in form, 
and if all the provisions of this act have been complied 
with in the formation thereof, it shall be the duty of the 
president of the United States to issue his proclamation 
announcing the result of the election in each, and there- 
upon the proposed states which have adopted constitutions 
and formed state governments as herein provided, shall be 
deemed admitted by congress into the union under and by 
virtue of this act, on an equal footing with the original 
states from and after the date of said proclamation. 

Sec. 9. That until the next general census, or until oth- 
erwise provided by law said states shall be entitled to one 
representative in the house of representatives of the United 



54 LBGISLATIVB MANUAL 

States, except South Daikata, which shall be entitled to two; 
and the representatives to the fifty-first congress, together 
with the governors and other officers provided for in said 
constitutions may be elected on the same day of the elec- 
tion for the ratification or rejection of the constitutions; 
and until said state officers are elected and qualified under 
the provisions of each tonstitution and the states, respect- 
tively, are admitted into the union, the territorial officers 
shall continue to discharge the duties of their respective 
offices in each of said territories. 

Sec. 10. That upon the admission of each of said states 
into tho union sections numbered 16 and 36 in every town- 
ship of said proposed states, and where such sections, or 
any parts thereof, have been sold or otherwise disposed of 
by or under the authority of any act of congress, other 
lands equivalent thereto, in legal sub-divisions of not less 
than one-quarter section, and as contiguous as may be to 
the section in lieu of which the same is taken, are hereby 
granted to said states for the support of common schools, 
such indemnity lands to be selected within said states in 
such manner as the legislature may provide with the ap- 
proval of the secretary of the interior; provided, that the 
16th and 36th sections embraced in permanent reservations 
formational purposes shall not, at any time, be subject to 
the grants nor to the indemnity provisions of this act, nor 
shall any lands embraced in Indian, military, or other res- 
ervations of any character, be subject to the grants or to 
the indemnity provisions of this act until the reservation 
shall have been extinguished and such lands be restored 
to, and become a part of, the public domain. 

Sec. 11. That all lands herein granted for educational 
purposes shall be disposed of only at public sale, and at a 
price not less than $10 per acre, the proceeds to constitute 
a permanent school fund, the interest of which only shall 
be expended in the support of said schools. But said lands 
may, under such regulations as the legislatures shall pre- 
scribe, be leased for periods of not more than five years, in 
quantities not exceeding one section to any one person or 
company; and such land shall not be subject to pre-emp- 
tion, homestead entry, or any other entry under the land 
laws of the United States, whether surveyed or unsurveyed, 
but shall be reserved for school purposes only. 

Sec. 12. That upon the admission of each of said states 
into the union, in accordance with the provisions of this 
act, 50 sections of the unappropriated public lands within 
said states, to be selected and located in legal sub-divisions 
as provided in section 10 of this act, shall be, and are here- 
by, granted to said states for the purpose of erecting public 
buildings at the capital of said states for legislative, ex- 
ecutive and judicial purposes. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 55 

Sec. 13. That 5 percentum of the proceeds of the sales of 
public lands lying within said states which shall be sold 
by the United States subsequent to the admission of said 
states into the union after deducting all the expenses inci- 
dent to the same, shall be paid to the said states, to be used 
as a permanent fund, the interest of which only shall be 
expended for the support of common schools within said 
states respectively. 

Sec. 14. That the lands granted to the territories of Da- 
kota and Montana by the act of Feb. 18, 1881, entitled "An 
act to grant lands to Dakota, Montana, Arizona, Idaho and 
Wyoming for university purposes," are hereby vested in the 
states of South Dakota, North Dakota and Montana', re- 
spectively, if such states are admitted into the union as 
provided in this act, to the extent of the full quantity of 72 
sections to each of said states, and any portion of said 
lands that may have been selected by either of said terri- 
tories of Dakota or Montana may be selected by the re- 
spective states aforesaid; but said act of February 18, 1881. 
shall be so amended as to provide that none of said lands 
shall be sold for less than $10 per acre, and the proceeds 
shall constitute a permanent fund to be safely Invested and 
held by said states severally, and the Income thereof be 
used exclusively for university purposes. And such quan- 
tity of the lands authorized by the fourth section of the 
act of July 17, 1854, to be reserved for university purposes 
In the territory of Washington, as, together with the lands 
confirmed to the vendees of the territory by the act of 
March 14, 1864, will make the full quantity of 72 entire 
sections, are hereby granted In like manner to the state of 
Washington for the purposes of a university In said state. 
None of the lands granted In this section shall be sold at 
less than $10 per acre; but said lands may be leased In 
the same manner as provided In section 11 of this act. The 
schools, colleges and universities provided for In this act 
shall forever remain under the exclusive control of the 
said states respectively, and no part of the proceeds arising 
from the sale or disposal of any lands herein granted for 
educational purposes shall be used for the support of any 
sectarian or denominational school, college, or university. 
The section of land granted by the act of June 16, 1880, to 
the territory of Dakota, for an asylum for the Insane shall, 
upon the admission of said state of South Dakota Into the 
union, become the property of said state. 

Sec. 15. That so much of the lands belonging to the 
United States as have been acquired and set apart for the 
purpose mentioned In "An act appropriating money for 
the erection of a penitentiary In the territory of Dakota/* 
approved March 2, 1881, together with the buildings there- 
on, be, and the same Is, hereby granted, together with any 



56 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

unexpended balances of the money appropriated therefor 
by said act, to said state of South Dakota, for the purposes 
therein designated; and the states of North Dakota and 
Washington shall, respectively, have like grants for the 
same purpose, and subject to like terms, and /conditions 
as provided in said act of March 2, 1881, for the territory 
of Dakota. The penitentiary at Deer Lodge City, Mont., 
and all land connected therewith and set apart and , re- 
served therefor, are hereby granted to the state of Mon- 
tana. , 

Sec. 16. That 90,000 acres of land, to be selected and 
located as provided in section 10 of this act are hereby 
granted to each of said states, except to the state of South 
Dakota, to which 120,000 acres are granted, for the use and 
support of agricultural colleges in said states, as provided 
in the acts of congress making donations of lands for such 
purposes. 

Sec. 17. That in lieu of the grant of land for purposes of 
internal improvement made to new states by the eighth 
section of the act of Sept. 4, 1841, which act is hereby re- 
pealed as to the states provided for by this act, and in lieu 
of any claim or demand by the said states, or either of 
them, under the act of Sept. 28, 1850, and sections 2479 of 
the Revised Statutes, making a grant of swamp and over- 
flowed lands to certain states, which grant it is hereby 
declared is not extended to the states provided for in this 
act, and in lieu of any grant of saline lands to said ijtates, 
the following grants of land are hereby made, towlt: 

To the state of South Dakota : For the school of mines, 
40,000 acres; for the reform school, 40,000 acres; for the 
deaf and dumb asylum, 40,000 acres; for the agricultural 
college, 40,000 acres; for the university, 40,000 acres; for 
the state normal schools, 80,000 acres ; for public buildings 
at the capital of said state, 50,000 acres; for such other 
educational and charitable purposes as the legislature of 
eaid state may determine, 170,000 acres; in all 500»000 
acres. 

To the state of North Dakota a like quantity of lan^ as 
is in this section granted to the state of South Dakota, and 
ito be for like purposes, and in like proportion as far as 
practicable. 

To the state of Montana: For the establishment and 
maintenance of a school of mines, 100,000 acres; for state 
normal schools, 100,000 acres; for agricultural colleges, in 
addition to the grant hereinbefore made for that purpose, 
50,000 acres; for the establishment of a state reform school, 
50,000 acres; for the establishment of a deaf and dumb 
asylum. 50,000 acres; for public buildings at the capital of 
the state, in addition to the grants hereinbefore made for 
that purpose, 150,000 acres. 



9TATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 57 

To the state of Washington: For the establishment and 
maintenance of a scientific school, 100,000 acres; for the 
state normal schools, 100,000 acres; for public buildings &t 
the state capital in addition to the grant hereinbefore made 
for that purpose, 100,000 acres; for state, charitable, edu- 
cational, penal and reformatory institutions, 200,000 acres.. 

That the states provided for in this act shall not be enti- 
tled to any further or other grants of land for any pur- 
pose than as expressly provided in this act. And the lands 
granted by this section shall be held, appropriated, and dis- 
posed of exclusively for the purposes herein mentioned, in 
such manner, as the legislatures of the respective states 
may severally provide. 

Sec. 18. That all mineral lands shall be exempted from 
the grants made by this act. But if sections 16 and 36 or 
any subdivision or portion of any smallest subdivision 
thereof in any township shall be found by the department 
of the interior to be mineral lands, said states are hereby 
authorized and empowered to select, in legal subdivisions, 
an equal quantity of other unappropriated lands in said 
states, in lien thereof for the use and the benefit of the 
common schools of said states. 

Sec. 19. That all lands granted in quantity or as indem- 
nity by this act shall be selected, under the direction of the 
secretary of the interior, from the surveyed, unreserved and 
unappropriated public lands of the United States within the 
limits of the respective states entitled thereto. And there 
shall be deducted from the number of acres of land donated 
by this act for specific objects to said states the number of 
acres in each heretofore donated by congress to said terri- 
tories for similar objects. 

Sec. 20. That the sum of $20,000, or so much thereof as 
may be necessary is hereby appropriated, out of any money 
in the treasury not otherwise appropriated to each of said 
territories for defraying the expenses of said conven- 
tions, except to Dakota, for which the sum of $40,000 is so 
appropriated, $20,000 each for South Dakota and North Da- 
kota, and for the payment of the members thereof, under 
the same rules and regulations and at the same rates as are 
now provided by law for the payment of the territorial leg- 
islatures. Any money hereby appropriated not necessary 
for such purpose shall be covered into the treasury of the 
United States. 

Sec. 21. That each of said states, when admitted as afore- 
said, shall constitute one judicial district, the names thereof 
to be the same as the names of the states, respectively; and 
the circuit and district courts therefor shall be held at the 
capital of such state for the time being, and each of said 
districts shall, for judicial purposes, until otherwise pro- 
vided, be attached to the Eighth judicial circuit, except 



58 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Washington and Montana, which shall be attached to the 
Ninth judicial circuit. There shall be appointed for each 
of said districts one district judge, one United States attor- 
ney, and one United States marshal. The judge of each of 
said districts shall receive a yearly salary of $3,500, pay- 
able in four equal installments, on the first days of January, 
April, July and October of each year, and shall reside in the 
district. There shall be appointed clerks of said courts in 
each district, who shall keep their offices at the capital of 
said state. The regular terms of said courts shall be held 
in each district, at the place aforesaid, on the first Monday 
in April and the first Monday in November of each year, 
and only one grand jury and one petit jury shall be sum- 
moned in both said circuit and district courts. The cir- 
cuit and district courts for each of said districts and the 
judges thereof, respectively, shall possess the same powers 
and jurisdiction, and perform the same duties required to 
be performed by the other circuit and district courts and 
judges of the United States, and shall be governed by the 
same laws and regulations. The marshal, district attor- 
ney and clerks of the circuit and district courts of each of 
said districts, and all other officers and persons performing 
duties in the administration of justice therein, shall sev- 
erally possess the powers and perform the duties lawfully 
possessed and required to be performed by similar officers 
in other districts of the United States; and shall, for the 
services they may perform, receive the fees and compen- 
sation allowed by law to other similar officers and persons 
performing similar duties in the state of Nebraska. 

Sec. 22. That all cases of appeal or writ of error hereto- 
fore prosecuted and now pending in the supreme court of 
the United States upon any record from the supreme court 
of either of the territories mentioned in this act, or that 
may hereafter lawfully be prosecuted upon any record from 
either of said courts, may be heard and determined by said 
supreme court of the United States. And the mandate of 
execution or of further proceedings shall be directed by the 
supreme court of the United States to the circuit or district 
court hereby established within the state succeeding tho 
territory from which such record is or may be pending, or 
to the supreme court of such state, as the nature of the case 
may require; provided, that the mandate of execution or of 
further proceedings shall, in cases arising in the terriiory 
of Dakota, be directed by the supreme court of the United 
States to the circuit or district court of the district of South 
Dakota, or to Vie supreme court of the state of South Da- 
kota; or to the circuit or district court of the district of 
North Dakota, or to the supreme court of the state of North 
Dakota, or to the supreme court of the territory of North 
Dakota, as the nature of the case may require. And each 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 59» 

of the circuit, district and state courts herein named shall, 
respectively, be the successor of the supreme court of the 
territory, as to all such cases arising within the limits em- 
braced within the jurisdiction of such courts respectively, 
with full power to proceed with the same, and award mesne 
or final process therein; and that from all judgments and 
decrees of the supreme court of either of the .territories 
mentioned in this act, in any case arising within the limits 
of any of the proposed states prior to admission, the parties 
<to such judgment shall have the same right to prosecute ap- 
peals and writs of error to the supreme court of the United 
States as they shall have had by le,w prior to the admission 
of said state into the union. 

Sec. 23. That in respect to all cases, proceedings and 
matters now pending in the supreme or district courts of 
either of the territories mentioned in this act at the time of 
the admission into the union of either of the states men- 
tioned in this act, and arising within the limits of any such 
state, whereof the circuit or district courts by this act es- 
tablished might have had jurisdiction under the laws of the 
United States had such courts existed at the time of the 
commencement of such cases the said circuit and district 
courts, respectively shall be the successors of said supreme 
and district courts of said territory; and in respect to all 
other cases, proceedings and matters pending in the su- 
preme or district courts of any of the territories mentioned 
in this act at the time of the admission of such territory 
into the union, arising within the limits of said proposed 
state, the courts established by such state shall, respect- 
ively, be the successors of said supreme and district terri- 
torial courts ; and all the files, records, indictments and pro- 
ceedings relating to any such cases shall be transferred to 
such circuit, district and state courts respectively, and 
the same shall be proceeded with therein in due course of 
law; but no writ, action, indictment, cause or proceeding 
now pending, or that prior to the admission of any of the 
states mentioned in this act shall be pending in any terri- 
torial court in any of the territories mentioned in this act, 
shall abate by the admission of any such state into the 
union but the same shall be transferred and proceeded with 
in the proper United States circuit, district or state court 
as the case may be; provided, however, that in all civil 
actions, causes and proceedings in which the United States 
is not a party, transfers shall not be made to the circuit and 
district courts of the United States except upon .written 
request of one of the parties to such action or proceeding 
filed in the proper court; and in the absence of such re- 
quest, such cases shall be proceeded with in the proper 
state courts. 



60 LEQISLATIVE MANUAL 

Sec. 24. Th&t the constitutional conventions may, by 
ordinance, provide for the election of officers for full state 
governments, including members of the legislatures and 
representatives in the fifty-first congress; but said state 
government shall remain in abeyance until the states shall 
be admitted into the union, respectively, as provided in this 
act. In case the constitution of any of said proposed states 
fihall be ratified by the people, but not otherwise, the legis- 
lature thereof may assemble, organize, and elect two sena- 
tors of the United States, and the governor and secretary of 
state of such proposed state shall certify the election of the 
senators and representatives in the manner required by 
law; and when such state is admitted into the union the 
senators and representatives shall be entitled to be admits 
ted to seats in congress, and to all the rights and privileges 
of senators and representatives of other states in the con- 
fess of the United States; and the officers of the state 
governments formed in pursuance of said constitutions, as 
provided by the constitutional conventions, shall proceed to 
exercise all the functions of such state officers; and all 
laws in force made by said territories at the time of their 
admission into the union shall be in force in said states, 
except as modified or changed by this act or by the consti- 
tutions of the states, respectively. 

Sec. 25. That all acts or parts of acts in confiict with the 
provisions of this act, whether passed by the legislatures of 
said territories or by congress, are hereby repealed. 



PROCLAMATION OF ADMISSION. 



[iMQed by President Harrison, Nov. 2, 1889.] 

Whereas, The congress of the United States did, by an. 
act approved on the twenty-second day of February, one- 
thousand eight hundred and eighty-nine, provide that the- 
inhabitants of the territory of Dakota might, upon the con- 
ditions prescribed by said act, become the. states of North 
Dakota and South Dakota; and 

Whereas, It was provided by said act that the area com- 
prising the territory of Dakota should, for the purposes of 
the act be divided on the line of the seventh standard par- 
allel produced due west to the western boundary of said 
territory and that the delegates elected as therein provided" 
to the constitutional convention in districts north of said 
parallel should assemble in convention at the time pre- 
scribed in the act at the city of Bismarck; and 

Whereas, It was provided by the said act that the dele- 
gates elected, as aforesaid, should, after they had met and 
organized, declare on behalf of the people of North Dakota- 
that they adopt the constitution of the United States; 
whereupon the said convention should be authorized to 
form a constitution and state government for the proposed 
state of North Dakota; and 

Whereas, It was provided by said act that the constitu- 
tion so adopted should be republican in form and make no 
distinction in civil or political rights on account of race or 
color, except as to Indians not taxed, and not be repugnant 
to the constitution of the United States and the principles 
of the declaration of independence; and that the constitu- 
tion should, by ordinance irrevocable without the consent 
of the United States and the people of said states, make 
certain provisions prescribed in said act; and 

Whereas. It was provided by said act that the constitu- 
tions of North Dakota and South Dakota should respect-^ 
ively incorporate an agre''jaent, to be reached in accord- 
ance with the provision': of the act for an equitable divi- 
sion of all property boionging to the territory of Dakota, 
the disposition of all public records, and also for the appor- 
tionment of the debts and liabilities of said territory, and 
that each of said states should obligate itself to pay its 
proportion of such debts and liabilities the same as if they 
had been created by such states respectively; and 

Whereas, it was provided by said act that the constitu-^ 
tion thus formed for the people of North Dakota should, by 
an ordinance of the convention forming the same, be sub- 



ia LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

mitted to the people of North Dakota, at an election to be 
held therein on the first Tuesday in October, one thousand 
-eight hundred and eighty-nine, for ratification or rejection 
by the qualified voters of said proposed state and that the 
returns of said election should be made to the secretary of 
the territory of , Dakota who with the governor and chief 
Justice thereof, or any two of them, should canvass the 
same, and if a majority of the legal votes cast should be for 
the constitution, the governor should certify the result to the 
president of the United States, together with a statement 
of the votes cast thereon and upon separate articles or 
propositions and* a copy of said constitution, articles, propo- 
sitions and ordinances; and 

Whereas, It has been certified to me by the. governor of 
the territory of Dakota, that within the time prescribed by 
said act of congress a constitution for the proposed state of 
North Dakota has been adopted and the same ratified by a 
majority of the qualified voters of said proposed state in 
accordance with the conditions prescribed in said act; and 

Whereas, It is also certified to me by said governor that 
at the same time that the body of said constitution was 
submitted to a vote of the people, a separate article num- 
T)ered 20 and entitled "prohibition" was also submitted and 
received a majority of all the votes cast for and against 
said article as well as a majority of all the votes cast for 
and against the constitution and was adopted; and 

Whereas, A duly authenticated copy ot said constitution, 
article, ordinances and propositions, as required by said 
act has been received by me; 

Now, therefore, I, Benjamin Harrison, president of the 
United States of America, do in accordance with the pro- 
visions of the act of congress aforesaid, declare and pro- 
<;laim the fact that the conditions imposed by congress on 
the state of North Dakota to entitle that state to admission 
to the union, have been ratified and accepted and that the 
admission of the said state into the union is now complete. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and 
caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at 
the city of Washington, this second day of November, in 
the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and 
eighty-nine, and of the independence of the United States 
of America the one hundred and fourteenth. 

BfiNJ. HARRISON. 

By the Presidei;t: 
JAMES G. BLAINE, Secretary of State. 



STATE CONSTITUTION, 



[Adopted Oct. 1, 1889; yeas, 27,441 ; nays, 8,107] 

We» the people at North Dakota, grateful to Almightj 
God for the blessinc^ of civil and religions liberty, do or- 
dain and establish this Oon£rtitution. 

ARTICLiE I. — ^Declaration of Rights. 

Section 1. All men are by nature ^uall j free and inde- 
pendent and have certain inalienable rights, among which 
are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquir- 
ing, possessing and protecting prolperty and reputation; 
and pursuing and obtaining safety an-d happiness. 

Sec. 2. All political poiwer is inherent in the people. 
Government is instituted for the protection, security and 
benefit of the i)eapl€, and they have a right to alter or 
reform the same whenever the public good may require. 

Sec. 3. The state of North Dakota is an inseparable part 
of the American Union and the Constitution of the United 
States is the sutDreme law of the land. 

Sec. 4. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious 
profession and worship, without discrimination or prefer- 
ence shall be forever guaranteed in this state, and no per- 
son shall be rendered incompetent to be a witness or juror 
on account of his opinion on matters of religious belief; 
but the liberty of conscience hereby secured 4hall not be 
so construed as to excuse acts of licentiousness, or justify 
practices inconsistent with the peace or safety of this state. 

Sec. 5. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall 
not be sfujapended unless, when in case of rebellion or in- 
vasion, the public safety may require. 

Sec. (>. All persons shall be bailable by sufficient sure- 
ties, unless for capital oftenses, when the proof is evident 
or the presumption great. Excessive bail shall not be re- 
quired, nor excessive fines imposed, nor shall cruel or un- 
usual punishments be inflicted. Witnesses shall not be 
unreasonaibly detained, nor be conflned in any room where 
criminals are actually imprisoned. 

Sec. 7. The right of trial by jury shall be secured to all, 
and remain inviolate; but a jury in civil cases, in courts 
not of record, may consist of less than twelve men, as may 
be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 8. Until otherwise provided by law, no person shall, 
fbr a felony, be proceeded against criminally, otherwise 
than by indictment, except in cases arising in the land or 
naval forces, or in the militia when in actual service in 
time of war or public danger. In all other cases 



64 LEQISLATIVE MANUAL 

offenses shaJl be prooecuted >crinili\j^ly by indletment or 
infonnatiODu The leigislatiye aseemfbly may clLange, regru- 
late cr abolish the grand jury system. 

Sec. 9. Every man may freely writei, speak and publish 
his ofpinions on all smbjects, bein^ responsible for the abuse 
of that privilege. In all civil and ci^Uninal trials for libel 
the truth may be given in evidence, and shall be a sufficient 
defense when the matter is (published with good motives 
and for justifiable ends; and the jury shall have the same 
power of giving a general verdict as in other cases; and 
in all indictments or intformatione for libels the jury shall 
have the right to determine the Uuw and the facts under 
the direction of the court, as in other cases. 

Sec. 10. The citizens have a right in a peaceable man- 
ner, to assemble together for the common good, and to ap- 
ply to those invested with the powers of government for the 
redress of grievances, or for other proper purposes, by 
petition, address or remonstrance. 

Sec. 11. All laws o(f a general nature shall have a uni- 
form operation. 

Sec. 12. The military shall be subordinate to the civil 
power. No standing army shall be maintained by this 
state in time of peace, and no soldiers shall, in time of 
peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of 
the owner; nor in time of war, except in the manner pre- 
scribed by law. 

Sec. 13. In criminal prosecutions in any court whatever, 
the party accused shall have the right to a speedy and pub- 
lic trial ; to have the process of the court to compel the at- 
tendance of witnesses in his behalf; and to appear and 
defend in person and with counsel. No person shall be 
twice put in jeopardy for the same offense, nor be com- 
pelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, 
nor be deprived of life, liberty or property without due pro- 
cess of law. 

Sec. 14. Private property shall not be taken or dam- 
aged for public use without just compensation having been 
first made to, or paid into court for the owner, and no right 
of way shall be appropriated to the use of any corporation, 
other than municipal, until full compensation therefor be 
first made in money or ascertained and paid into court 
for the owner, irrespective of any benefit from any improve- 
ment piroposed by such corporation, wbich compensation 
shall be ascertained by a jury, unless a jury be waived. 

Sec. 15. No person shall be imprisoned for debt unless 
upon refusal to deliver up his estate for the benefit of his 
creditors, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law; 
or in cases of tort; or where there is strong presumption 
of fraud. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 65 

Sec. 16. No bill of attainder, ex poet facto law, or law 
impairing the obligations of contracts shall ever be passed. 

Sec. 17. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, un- 
less for the punishment of crime, shall ever be tolerated in 
this state. 

Sec. 18. The right of the people to be secure in their 
persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable 
searches and seizures, sheJl not be violated; and no war- 
rant shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath 
or affirmation, i>artioularly deecribing the place to be 
searched and the persons and things to be seized. 

Sec. 19. Treason against the state shall consist only in 
levying war against it, adhering to its enemies or giving 
them aid and icomifort. No person shall be convicted of 
treason unless on the evidence of two witnesses to the same 
overt aict, or confession in open court. 

Sec. 20. No special privileges or immunities shall ever 
be granted which may not be altered, revoked or repealed 
by the legislative assembly; nor shall any citizen or class 
of citizens be granted privileges or immunities which upon 
the same terms shall not be granted to all citizens. 

Sec. 21. The provisions of this constitution are manda- 
tory and prohibitory unless, by express words, they are de- 
clared to be otherwise. 

Sec. 22. All courts shall be open, and every man for any 
injury done him in his lands, goods, person or reputatioa 
shall have remedy by due process of law, and right and 
justice administered without sale, denial or deHay. Suits 
may be brought against the state in such manner, in such 
courts and in such cases, as the legislative assembly may». 
by law. direct. 

Sec. 23. Every citizen of this state shall be free to obtain 
employment wherever possible, and any person, corpora- 
tion, or agent thereof, maliciously interfering or hindering 
in any way, any citizen from obtaining or enjoying employ- 
ment already obtained, from any other corporation or per-^ 
son, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. 

Sec. 24. To guard against transgressions of the high 
powers which we have delegated, we declare that every- 
thing in this article is ex<?apted out of the general powers 
of government and shall forever remain inviolate. 

AlRTIOLrE II. — The Legislative Department. 

Sec. 25. The legislative power shall be vested in a sen- 
ate and house of representatives. 

Sec. 26. The senate shall be composed of not less than 
thirty nor more than fifty members. 

Sec. 27. Senators shall be elected for the term of four 
years, escefpt as hereinafter provided. 

Sec. 28. No person shall be a senator who is not a quaK 
ified elector in the district in which he may be chosen, and 



66 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

who Shall not ihave attained the age of twenty-five years* 
and have been a resident of the state or territory for two 
years next preceding his election. 

Sec. 29. The legislative assembly shall fix the numbei 
of senators^ and divide the state into as many senatorial 
districts as there aVe senators, which districts, as neariy as 
may be, shall be equal to eaich other in the number of in- 
habitants entitled to representation. Each district shall 
be entitled to one senator and no more, and shall be com- 
posed of compaict and contiguous territory; and no portion 
of any county shall <be attached to any other county, or 
part thereof, so as to form a district. The districts as thus 
^ascertained and determined shall contimie until changed 
by law. 

Sec. 30. The senatorial districts shall be numbered con- 
secutively (from one upwards, according to the number of 
•districts prescribed, and the senators shall be divided Into 
two classes. Those elected in the districts designated by 
^ven numbers shall constitute one class, and those elected 
in districts desig^iated by odd numbers shall constitute the 
'Other class. The senators of one class elected in the yedr 
1890 shall hold their office for two years, those of the other 
class shall hold their office four years, and the determina- 
tion of the two classes shall be by lot* so that one-half of 
the senators, as nearly as practicajblef may be elected bien- 
niallv. 

Sec. 31. The senate at the beginning and close of each 
regular session, and at such other times as may be neces- 
sary, shall elect one of its memtbers president pro tempore, 
who may take the plaice of the lieutenant governor under 
rules prescribed 'by law. 

Sec. 32. The house of representatives shall be comjposed 
•of not less than sixty nor more than one hundied and forty 
members. 

Sec. 33. Representatives shall be elected for the term of 
two veara. 

Sec. 34. No person shall be a. representative who is not 
a qualified elector In the district from which he may be 
•cliosen, and who shall not have attained the age of twenty- 
one years, and have been a resident of tiie state or territory 
tor two years next preceding his election. 

Sec. 35. The members of the house of representatives 
-shall be apportioned to and elected at large fi'om each sen- 
atorial district. The legislative assembly shall, in the year 
1895, and every tenth year, cause an enumeration to be 
made of all the inhabitants of this state, and shall at its 
first regrular session after each such ennimeration, and also 
after each federal census, proceed to fix by law the number 
of senators, which shall constitute the senate of North Da- 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 67 

kota, and the number of representatives which, nhall con- 
stitute the house ot representatives of North Dakota* with- 
in the limits prescribed by this constitution, and at the 
same session shall i>roceed to reapportion the state into 
senatorial districts, as prescribed by this constitution, and 
to fix the number of members of the house of renresenta- 
tiyee to be elected ifrom the several senatorial districts; 
provided that the legislative ajssembly may, at any regular 
session, redistrict the state into senatorial districts; and 
apportion the senators and i^resentativee respectively. 

Sec. 36. The house of reipresentatives shall elect one of 
its members as speaker. 

Sec. 87. No judge or derk of any .court, secretary of 
state, attorney general, register of deeds, sheriff or person 
holding any office of profit under this state, except in the 
militia, or the office of attorney at law, notary public or jus- 
tice of the peaice, and no person holding any office of profit 
or honor under any foreign government, or under the gov- 
ernment of the United States, except postmasters whose 
annual compensation does not exceed the sum of $300, shall 
hold any office in either branch of the legislative assembly 
or become a member thereof. 

Sec. 38. No memiber of the legislative assembly expelled 
for corruption, and no person convicted of bribery, perjury 
or other infamous crime, shall be eligible to the legislative 
assembly, or to any office in either branch thereof. 

Sec. 39. No member of the legislative assembly shall 
during the term for which he was elected, be apx>ointed or 
elected to any civil office in this state, which shall have 
been created, or the emoluments of which shall have been 
increased, during the term for which he was elected; nor 
shall any member receive any civil appointment from the 
governor, or governor and senate, during the term for 
which he shall have been elected. 

Sec. 40. If any person elected to either house of the leg- 
islative assembly shall offer or promise to give his vote or 
influence, in favor of» or aga:inst any measure or proposi- 
tion pending or proposed to be introduced into the legisla- 
tive assembly, in consideration, or upon conditions, that 
any other person elected to the same legislative assem'bly 
will give, or will promise or assent to give, his vote or in- 
fluence in favor of or against any other measure or proposi- 
tion, pending or proposed to be introduced into such legis- 
lative assembly, the person making such offer or promise 
shall be deemed guilty of solicitation of bribery. If any 
member of the legislative assembly shall give his vote or 
influence fbr or against any measure or proposition, pend- 
ing or prottK)sed to be introduiced into such legislative 
assembly, or offer, promise or assent so to do upon condi- 
tion that any other member will give, promise or assent to 



63 LEQISLATIVB MANUAI^ 

give his vote or influence in favor of or against any other 
such measure or proposition pending or proposed to be 
Introdfuoed imto such legislative assembly, or in considera- 
tion that anF other member hath given his vote or influ- 
ence for or against any other measure or proposition in 
such legislative assembly, he shall be deemed guilty of brib- 
ery. And any person, member of the legislative assembly 
or person elected thereto, who i^all be guilty of either such 
olfenseas, shall be expelled, and shall not thereafter be ^gi- 
ble to the legislative assembly, and, on the conviction 
thereof, in the civil courts, shall be liable to such further 
penalty as may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 41. The term of service of the members of the legis- 
lative assembly shall >begin on the first Tuesday in January, 
next after their election. 

Sec. 42. The members of the legislative assembly shall 
in all cases exeeipt treason, felony and breach of the peace, 
be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the 
sessions of their respective houses, and in going to or re- 
turning from the same. For words used in any speech or 
deba'je in either house, they shall not be questioned in any 
other place. 

Sec 43. Any member who has a personal or private in- 
terest in any measure or bill proposed or pending befo'^ 
the legislative assembly, shall disclose the fact to the house 
of which he is a member and shaJl not vote thereon with- 
out the consent of the house. 

Sec. 44. The governor shall issue writs of election to 
fill such vacancies as may occur in either house of the legis- 
lative assembly. 

Sec. 45. Each member of the legislative assembly shall 
reeceive as a comipensation for bis services for each session, 
five dollars per day, and ten cents for every mile of neces- 
sary travel in going to and returning from the place of 
meeting of the legislative assembly on the most usual 
route. 

Sec. 46. A majority of the members of each house shall 
constitute a quorum, but a smaller number may adjourn 
from day to day, and may compel the attendance of absent 
members in such a manner, and under such a penalty, as 
may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 47. Elaoh house shall be the judge of the election 
returns and qualifications of its own members. 

Sec. 48. Each house shall have the power to determine 
the rules of proceeding, cuid punish its members or other 
persons for contempt or disorderly betoavior in its pres- 
ence; to protect its members against violence or offers of 
bribes or pritvate solicitation, and with the concurrence of 
two-thirds, to expel a member; and shall have all other 
powers necessary and usual in the legislative assembly of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 69 

a free state. But no imprisoiunent by either houBe shall 
continue beyond thirty days. Punishment for contempt 
or disorderly behavior sliaH not bar a criminal pirosecution 
for the same oftense. 

Sec. 49. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceed- 
ings, and the yeas and nays on any question sliall be taken 
and entered on the Journal at the request of one-sixth of 
tiiose present 

Sec. 50. The sesedons of each house and of the commit- 
tee of the whole shaU be open unless the business is such 
as ought to be kept secret. 

Sec. 51. Neither house shall, without the consent of the 
other, adjourn for more than three days nor to any other 
place than that in which the two houses shall be sitting 
except in case of epidemic, pesitilenice or other great danger. 

Sec. 52. The senate and house of representatives jointly 
shall be designated as the legislative assembly of the state 
of North Dakota. 

Sec. 53. The legislative assembly shall meet at the seat 
of government at 12 o'clock noon on the first Tuesday after 
the first Monday in January, in the year next following the 
election of the members thereof. 

Sec. 54. In all elections to be made by the legislative 
assembly, or either house thereof, the members shall vote 
viva voce, and their votes shall be entered in the Journal. 

Sec. 55. The sessions of the legislative assembly shall be 
biennial, except as otherwise provided in this constitution. 

Sec. 56. No regular session of the legislative assembly 
shall exioeed sixty days, except in case of impeachment, but 
the first session of the legislative assembly may continue 
for a period of one hundred and twenty days. 

Sec. 57. Any bill may originate in either house of the 
legislative assembly, and a bill passed by one hout^e may 
be amended by the other. 

Sec. 58. No law shall be ipassed, except by a bill adopted 
by both houses, and no bill shall be so altered and amended 
on its passage through either house as to change its original 
purpose. 

Sec. 59. The enacting clause of every law sball be bm 
fallows: "Be it enacted by the Legislative Assembly of 
the State of North Dakota." 

Sec. 60. No bill for the appropriation of money, except 
for the expenses of the government, sihall be introduced 
after the fortieth day of the session, except by unanimous 
consent of the house in which it is sought to be introduced. 

Sec. 61. No bill shall embrace more than one subject, 
which shall be expressed in its title, but a bill which vio- 
lates this provision shall b^ invalidated thereoy only as to 
80 much thereof as shall not be so expressed. 



70 LEGIST,! A TIVE MANUAL 

Sec. G2. The general apfxro^riation bill ^all embrace 
nothing but appropriations for the expenses of the execir- 
tive, le^alatiye and jmdicial departments oif the state, in- 
terest on the piibllc deibt and for ptublt'C schools. All othei 
appropriations shall >be made by separate bills, each em- 
bracing but one subject. 

Sec 63. E)vei7 bill eOiall be read three several times, but 
the first knd second readings, and those only, may be upon 
the same day; and the second reading may be by title of 
the bill unless a reading at length be demanded. The first 
and third readings shall be at length. No legislatiye day 
shall be shorter than the natural day. 

Sec. 64. No bill shall be revised or amended, nor the pro- 
visions thereof extended or incorporated in any other bill 
by reference to its title only, but so much thereof as is 
revised, amended or extended or so incorporated shall be 
re-enacted and published at length. 

Sec. 65. No bill shall become a law except by a vote of 
a majority of all the members-elect in each house, nor un- 
less, on its final' passage, the vote be taken by yeas and 
nays, and the names of those voting be entered on the 
journal. 

Sec. 66. The presiding officer of each house shall in the 
presence of the house over which he presides, sign all bills 
and joint resolutions passed by the legislative assembly : 
Immediately betfore such signing their title shall be publicly 
read and the fact of signing shall be at once entered on the 
Journal. 

Sec. 67. No act of the legislative assembly shall take 
effect until July 1, after the close of the session unless in 
case of emergency (which shall be expressed In the pream- 
ble or body of the act) the legislative assembly shall, by a 
vote of two-thirds of all the members present in each house, 
otherwise direct. 

Sec. 68. The legislative assembly shall pose all laiws 
necessary to carry into effect the provisions of this consti- 
tution. 

Sec. 69. The legislative assembly shall not pass local or 
special laws in any of the following enumerated cases, that 
is to say: 

1. For granting divorces. 

2. Laying out opening, altering or working roads or 
highways, vacating roads, town plats, streets, alleys or pub- 
lic grounds. 

8. Locating or changing county seats. 

4. Regulating county or township affairs. 

5. Regulating the practice of courts of justice. 

6. Regulating the jurisdiction and duties of justices of 
the peace, police magistrates or constables. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA* 71 

7. uhaivgixig the ruleo of evldemce in any trial or in- 
quiry. 

8. Providing for changes of venue in civil or criminal 
cases. 

9. Declaring an.y person of age. 

10. For limitation of civil actions, or giving effect to 
informal or invalid deeds. 

11. Summoning or impaneling grand or petit juries. 

12. Providing for the management of common schools. 

13. Regulating the rate of interest on money. 

14. The opening or conducting of any el-ection or desig- 
nating the place of voting. 

15. The sale or mortgage of real .estate 'belonging to 
minors or others under disability. 

16. Chartering or licensing ferries, toll bridges or toll 
roadfi. 

17. Remitting fines, penalties or forfeitures. 

18. Creating, increasing or decreasing fees, percenitages 
or allowances of puibliic oflaoers. 

19. Changing the la^ of descent. 

20. Granting to any corporation, association or indi- 
vidual the right to lay down railroad tracks or any special 
or exclusive privilege, immunity or franchise whatever. 

21. For the punishment of crimes. 

22. Changing the names of persons or places. 

23. For the assessment or collection of taxes. 

24. Affecting estates of deceased x>er»ons, minors or oth- 
ers under legal dlsajbilities. 

25. Extending the time for the collection of taxes. 

26. Refunding money into the state treasury. 

27. Relinquishing or extinguishing in whole or in part 
the indebtedness, liability or obligation of any corporation 
or person to this state or to any municipal corporation 
therein. 

28. Legalizing, except as against the state, the unau- 
thorized or invalid act of any oflScer. 

29. Exempting property from taxation. 

30. Restoring to citizenahip i>ersons convicted of infam- 
ous crimes. . 

31. Authorizing the creation, extension or impairing of 
liens. 

32. Creating offices, or prescribing the powers or duties 
of officers in counties, cities, townships, election or school 
districts, or authorizing the adoption or legitimation of 
children. 

33. Incorporation of cities, towns or villages, or chang- 
ing or amending the charter of any town, city or village. 

34. Providing for the election of members of the board 
of supervisors in townships, incorporated towns or cities. 

35. The protection of game or fl^. 



72 • LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Sec. 70. In all other cases where a general law can be 
made applicable, no special laiw shall be enacted; nor shall 
the legislative assembly indirectly enact siich special or 
local law by the partial repeal of a general law, but laws 
repealing local or special acts may be ipassed. 

AiRTIOLE III. — ^Executive Deipartment. 

Sec. 71. The executive power shall be vested in a gov- 
ernor, who shall reside at the seat of government and shall 
hold his office for the term of two years and until his suc- 
cessor is elected and duly qualified. 

Sec. 72. A lieutenant governor shall be elected at the 
same time and for the same term as the governor. In case 
of the death, impeachment, resignation, failure to qualify, 
absence from the state, removal from offi-oe, or the dis- 
ability of the governor, the powers and duties of the office, 
for the residue of the term, or until he shall be acquitted 
or the disability removed, shall devolve upon the lieutenant 
governor. 

Sec. 73. No person shall be elitgible to the office of gov- 
ernor or lieutenant governor unless he be a citizen of the 
United States, and a qualified elector of the state, who 
shall have attained the age of thirty years, and who shall 
have resided five years next preceding the election within 
the state or territory, nor shall he be eligible to any other 
office during the term for which he shall have been elected. 

Sec. 74. The governor a/nd lieutenant governor shall be 
elected by the qualified electors of the state at the time 
and places of choosing memibers of the legislative assembly. 
The persons having the highest numlber of votes for gov- 
ernor and lieutenant governor respectively shall be de- 
clared elected, but if two or more shall have an 6qual and 
highest number of votes for governor or lieutenant gov- 
ernor, the two 'houses of the legislative assembly at its next 
regular session shall forthwith, by joint ballot, choose one 
of such persons for said office. The returns of the election 
for governor and lieutenant igovemor shall be made in such 
manner as shall be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 75. The governor shall be commander in chief of 
the military and naval forces of the state, except when they 
shall be called into the service of the United States, and 
may call out the same to execute the laws, suppress insur- 
rection and repel invasion. He shall have power to con- 
vene the legislative assembly on extraordinary occasions. 
He shall at the commencement of each session communi- 
cate to the legislative assembly by message, ii^formation of 
the condition of the state, and recommend such measures 
as he shaU deem expedient. He shall transact all neces- 
sary business with the officers of the government, civil and 
military. He shall expedite all such measures as may be 



i 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 73 

resolved upon by the legislative assembly and shall take 
-care that the laws be faitbtfully executed. 

Sec. 76. The governor shall have power to remit fines 
and forfeitures, to grant reprieves, commutations and par- 
dons after conviction, for all offenses except treason and 
cases of impeachment; but the legislative assembly may by 
law regulate the manner in which the remission of fines, 
pardons, commutations and reprieves may be applied for. 
Upon conviction for treason he shall have power to suspend 
the execution of sentence until the case shall be reported 
to the legislative assembly at its next regular session, when 
the legislative assemibly shall either pardon or commute the 
sentence, direct the execution of the sentence or grant fur- 
ther reprieve. He shall communicate to the legislative 
assembly at each regular session eaich case of remission of 
fine, reprieve, commutation or pardon granted by him, stat- 
ing the name of the convict, the crime for which he is con- 
victed, the sentence and its date, and the date of the re- 
mission, commutation, pardon or reprieve, with his reasons 
for granting the same. 

Sec. 77. The lieutenant governor shall be president of 
the senate, but shall have no vote unless they be equally 
divided. If, during a vacancy in the office of governor, the 
lieutenant governor shall be impeached, displaced, resign 
or die, or from mental or physical disease, or otherwise be- 
come incapable of performing the duties of his office, the 
secretary of state shall act as governor until the vacancy 
^ball be filled or the disability removed. 

Sec. 78. When any office shall from any cause become 
Tacant, aoid no mode is provided by the constitution or law 
for filling such vacancy, the governor shall have power to 
fill such vacancy by appointment. 

Sec. 79. Every bill which shall have passed the legisla- 
tive assembly shall, before it becomes a law, be presented 
to the governor. If he approves, he shall sign, but if not, 
lie shall retuim it with his objections, to the house in which 
It originated, which shall enter the objections at large 
upon the Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after 
«uch reconsideration, two-thirds of the members-elect shall 
agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the 
objections, to the other house, by which it shall likewise 
, be reconsidered, and if it be approved by two-thirds of 
the members-elect, it shall become a law; (but in all such 
•cases the vote of both houses shall be determined by the 
yeas and nays, and the names of the members voting for 
and against the bill shall be entered upon the Journal of 
'each house respectively. If any bill shall not be returned 
by the governor within three days (Sundays excepted) 
after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall 
Tdc a law unless the legislative assemibly, by its adjournment 



74 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



prevent its return, in whiich case it ©hadl be a law unless lie 
shall file the same with ihis objections in the office of the 
secretary of state within fifteen days after such adjourn- 
ment. 

Sec. 80. The governor shall have power to* disapprove 
of any item or Items or part or 'parts of any bill making 
appropriations of money or propeirty embracing distinct 
items, and the part or parts of the bill approved shall be 
the law, and the item or items and part or parts disap- 
proved shall be void, unless enacted in the following man- 
ner: If the legislative assemfbly be in session he shall 
transmit to the house in which the bill originated a copy 
of the item or items, or part or iparts thereof disapproved, 
together with his objections thereto, and the items or parts 
objected to shall be separately reconsidered, and each item 
or part shall then take the same course as Is prescribed for 
the passage of bills over the executive veto. 

Sec. 81. Any governor of this state who asks, receives 
or agrees to receive, any bribe upon any understahding 
that his official opinion, judgment or action shall be 
infiuenced thereby, or who gives or offers, or pi'omises his 
official influence in consideration that any member of the 
legislative assembly shall give his official vote or influence 
on any particular side of any question or matter upon 
which he may be required to a/ct in his official capacity, or 
who menaces any member by the threatened use of his 
veto power, or who offers or promises any member that 
he, the said governor, will appoint any p*articular person 
or persons to any office created or thereafter to be created, 
in consideration that any member shall give his official 
vote or influence on any matter pending or thereafter to be 
introduced into either house of said legislative assembly, 
or who threatens any member that he, the said governor, 
will remove any person or persons from office or position, 
with intent in any manner to influence the action of said 
member, shall be punished in the manner now, or that 
may hereafter be provided by law, and upon conviction 
thereof shall forfeit all right to hold or exercise any office 
of trust or honor in this state. 

Sec. 82. There shall be chosen by the qualified electors 
of the state, at the times and places of choosing memlbers 
of the legislative assembly, a secretary of state, auditor, . 
treasurer, superintendent of public instruction, commis- 
sioner of insuirance> three commissioners of railroads, an 
attorney general and one commissioner of agricultuire and 
labor, who shall have attained the age of twenty-five years, 
shall be citizens of the United States, and shall have the 
qualifications of state electors. They shall severally hold 
their offices at the seat of government, for the term of two 
years and until their successors are elected and duly qucili- 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA . 75 

fled, but no person sliall be eligible to the office of treasurer 
for more than two consecutiye terms. 

Sec. 88. The powers and duties of the secretairy ot state, 
auditor, treasurer, superintendent of <puiblic instruction, 
commiasianer of insuTance, commissioners of railroails, at- 
torney general and commissioner of agriculture and labor 
shall be as prescribed by law. 

Sec 84. Until otherwise provided by law, the governor 
shall receive an annuaH salary of three thousand doUajre; 
the lieutenant governor shall receive an annual salary of 
one thousand dollars; the secretary of state, auditor, treas- 
urer, superintendent of public instruction, commissioner 
of insurance* commissioners of railroads, and attorney 
general shall each receive an annual salary of two thousand 
dollars; the salary of the commissioner of agriculture and 
labor shall be as prescribed by law, but the salaries of any 
of the said officers shaH not be increased or diminished 
during the period for whiich they shall have been elected, 
and all fees and profits arising from any of the said offices 
shall be covered into the state treasury. 

ARTIOLB IV.— Judicial Denartment. 

Sec. 85. The judicial power of the state of North Dakota 
shall be vested in a supreme court, district courts, county 
courts, justices of the peace; an<d in such other courts as 
may be created by law for cities, incorxK>rated towns and 
villages. 

Sec. 86. The supreme court, except as otherwise pro- 
vided in this constitution, shall have appellate jurisdiction 
only, which shall be co-exteosive with the state and shall 
have a general superintending control over all inferior 
courts under such regulations and limitations as may be 
prescribed bv law. 

Sec. 87. It shall have power to Issne writs of habeas 
corpus, mandamus, quo warranto, certiorari, injunction and 
such other original and remedial writs as may be necessary 
to the proper exercise of its jurisdiction, and shall have 
authority to hear and deteranine the same; provided, how- 
ever, that no jury* trial shall be allowed In said supreme 
court, but in proper cases questions of fact may be sent by 
said court to a district court for trial. 

Sec. 88. UntH otherwise provided by law three terms of 
the supreme court shall be held each year, one at the seat 
of government, one at Fargo in the county of Cass, and one 
at Grand Forks, in the county of Grand Forks. 

Note.— Under the provisions of an act of the legislature, 1903, 
two general terms of the supreme court shall be held each 
year, to be known as the March and September terms^ 
and to consist of two sessions each. 



76 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Sec. 89. The supreme court shall -consist of three ju-dges, 
a majority of whom shall be necessary to form a quorum 
or pronounce a decision, but one or more of said judges 
may adjourn the court from -day to day or to a day certain. 

Sec. 90. The judges of the supreme court shall be elected 
by the qualified electors of the state at large, and except 
as may be otherwise provided herein for the first election 
for judges under this constitution, said judges shall be 
elected at general elections. 

Sec. 91. The term of oflSce of the judges of the supreme 
court except as in this article otherwise provided, shall be 
six years, and they shall hold their offices until their suc- 
cessors are duly qualified. 

Sec. 92. The judges of the supreme court shall, imme- 
diately after the first election under this constitution, be 
classified by lot so that one shall hold his office for the 
term of three years, one for the term of five years, and 
one for the term of seven years from the first Monday in 
December, A. D. 1889. The lots shall be drawn by the 
judges, who shall for that purpose assemble at the seat 
of government, and they shall cause the result thereof 
to be certified to the secretary of the territory and filed 
in his office, unless the secretary of state of North Dakota 
shall hatve entered upon the duties of his office, in which 
event said certification shall be filed therein^ The judge 
having the shortest term to serve, not holding his office 
by election or appointment to fill a vacancy, shall be chief 
justice and shsdl preside at all terms of the supreme 
court, and in case of his absence the judge having in like 
manner the next shortest term to Serve shall preside in his 
stead. 

Sec. 93. There shall be a clerk and also a reporter of 
the supreme court, who shall be ap(pointed by the judges 
thereof, and who shall hold their offices during the pleasure 
of said judges, and whose duties and emoluments shall be 
prescribed by law and by rules of the supreme court not 
inconsistent with law. The legislative assembly shall 
make provision for the publication and distribution of the 
decisions of the supreme court and for the sale of the pub- 
lished volumes thereof. 

Sec. 94. No person shall be eligible to the office of judge 
of the supreme court unless he ibe learned in the law, be at 
least thirty years of age and a citizen of the United States, 
nor imless he shall have resided in this state or the terri- 
tory of Dakota three years next preceding his election. 

Sec. 95. Whenever the population of the state of North 
Dakota shall equal 600,000 the legislative assembly shall 
have the iK>wer to increase the num>ber of judges of the 
supreme court to five, in which event a majority of said 
court, as thus increased shall constitute a quorum. 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 77 



Sec. 96. No duties ahall be hniposed by law upon the su- 
preme court or any of the judges thereof, except such as. 
are judicial, nor shall any of the judges thereof exencise 
amy power of appointment except as herein provided. 

Sec 97. The style of all process shall be "The State of 
North Dakota." Ail prosecutions shall be carried on In 
the name and by the authority of the state of North Da- 
kota, and conclude ''against the peace and dignity of the 
SUte of Noitb Dakota." 

Sec 98. Any vacamey happening by death, resignation 
or oth3rwise in the office of judge of the supreme court 
shall be filled by appointment, by the governor, which ap- 
pointment shall continue until the first general election 
thereafter, when said vacancy shall be filled by election. 

Sec. 99. The judges of the supreme and district oouirts 
shall receive such compensation for their services as may^ 
be prescribed by law, which compensation shall not be in» 
creased or diminished during the term for which a judge 
shall have been elected. 

Sec. 100. In case a judge of the supi^me court shall be 
in any way interested in a cause brought before said court 
the remaining judges of said court shall call one of the dis- 
trict judges to sit with them on the hearing of said cause. 

Sec. 101. When a judgment or decree is reversed or con- 
firmed by the supreme court every point fairty arising 
upon the recopd of the case shall be considered and decided, 
and the reasons therefor shall be concisely stated in writ- 
ing, signed by the judges concurring, filed in the office of 
the clerk of the supreme court, and preserved with a record 
of the case. Any judge dissenting therefrom may give the 
reason of his dissent In writing over his signature. 

Sec. 102. It shall be the duty of the court to prepare a 
syllabus of the points adjudicated in- each case, which shall 
be concurred in by a majority of the judges thereof, and it 
shaU be prefixed to the puiblished reports of the case. 

Sec. 108. The district courts shall have original jurisdic- 
tion, exioe^rt as otherwise provided in this constitution, of 
all causes, both at law and equity, and such appellate juris- 
diction as may be conferred by law. They and the judges 
thereof shall also have jurisdiction and power to issue writs 
of habeas corpus, quo warranto, certiorari, injunction and 
other original and remediial writs, with aucnority to hear 
and determine the same. 

Sec. 104. The state shall be divided Into six judicial dis- 
tricts In each of which there shall be elected at general 
elections by the electors thereof one judge of the district 
covLjct therein whose term of office shall be four years from 
the first Monday in January succeeding his election and 
until his successor Is duly qualified. This section shalt 



78 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

not be construed as governing the first election of district 
Judges under this constitution. 

Sec. 105. Until otherwise pirovided by law, said districts 
Ahall be constituted as foUowB: 

District No. One shall consist of the counties of Pembina, 
Cavalier, Walsh, Nelson and Grand Forks. 
District Na Two shiall ^consist of the counties ol Ramsey, 

Towner, Benson, Pierce, Rolette, Dottiiieau, McHenry, 
Ohupch, Renville, Ward, Stevens, Mountrallle, Garfield, 
Flannery and Bufoird. 

District No. Three shall consist of the counties of Cass, 
Steele and TrailL 

District No. Four shall consist at the counties of Rich- 
land, Ransom, Sargrent* Dickey and Mdntosh. 

District No. Five shall consist of the counties ot Logan, 
LaMoure, Stutsman, Barnes, Wells, Foster, Eddy and 
Griggs. 

District No. Six shall consist of the counties of Burleigh, 
Bmmons, Kidder, Sheridan, McLean, Morton, Oliver, Mer- 
cer, Williams, Stark, Hettinger, Bowman, Billings, McKen- 
2ie, Dunn, Wallax^e and Allred and that portion of the 
Sioux Indian reservation lying north of the seventh stand- 
ard parallel. 

Note~In 1895 the first judicial district was made to consist 
of Grand Forks and Nelson counties and the seventh (new) 
Judicial district to consist of Walsh, Pembina and Cava- 
lier counties. In 1903 the legislature created the eighth 
district, which comprises the counties of Bottineau, Mc- 
Henry, Ward and Williams (taken from the old first dis- 
trict).* 

Sec. 106. The legislative assembly may, whenever two 
thirds of the members of each house shall concur therein, 
but not oftener than once in four years, increase the num- 
her of said judicial districts and the judges thereof; such 
districts shall be formed from compact territory and 
bounded by county lines, but such increase or change in the 
boundaries ot the districts shall not work the removal of 
any judge from his office during the term for whicn be 
may have been elected or appointed. 

Sec. 107. No person shaU be eligifWle to the office of dis- 
trict judge, unless he be learned in the law* be at iQB^t 
twenty-five years of age, and a citizen of the United States, 
nor unless he shall have resideid within the state or terri- 
tory of Dakota at least two years next ipireceding his elec- 
tion, nor unless he shall at the time of his election be an 
elector within the judicial district for which he is elected. 

Sec. 108. There shall be a clerk of the district court in 
eajoh organized county in which a court is holden who shall 
be elected by the qualified electors of the county, and shall 
hold his office for the same term as other ounty officers. 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 79 



He shall receiye such compensation for his services as may- 
be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 100. Writs of error and appeals may be allowed 
from the decisions of the district courts to the supreme 
court under such regulations as may be prescribed by law. 

COUNTY COtJRTS. 

Sec. 110. There shaill be established in each county a 
county court which shall 'be a court of record, open at all 
times and holden by one judge, elected by the electors of 
the county, and whose term of office shall be two years. 

Sec. 111. The county court shall have exclusive original 
jurisdiction in probate and testam'entary matters, the ap- 
pointment of administrators and iguardians, the settlement 
of the accounts of executors, administrators and guardians, 
the sale of lands, by executors, administrators and guard- 
ians, and such other probate jurisdiction as may be con- 
ferred by law; provided, that whenever the voters of any 
county having a population of 2,000 or over shall decide by 
a majority vote that they desire the jurisdiction of 
said court increased aibove that limited by this constitution, 
then said county court shall ibave concurrent jurisdiction 
with the district courts in all civil actions where the 
amount in controversy does not exceed $1,000, and in all 
crimdnal actions below the grade of felony, and in case it 
is decided by the voters of any county to so increase the 
jurisdiction of said county court, the jurisdiction in cases 
of misdemeanors arising under state laws which may have 
been conferred upon police magistrates shall cease. The 
qualifications of the judge of the county court in counties 
where the jurisdiction of said court shall have been in- 
creased shall be the same as those of the district judge, 
except that he shall be a resident of the county at the 
time of his election, and said county judge shall receive 
suich salary for his services as may be provided by law. 
In case the voters of any county decide to increase the 
jurisdiction of said county courts, then such jurisdiction 
as thiUfi increased shaHl remain until otherwise provided 
by law. 

JUSTIOEIS OF THE PGBJACE. 

Sec. 112. The legislative assembly shall provide by law 
for the election of justices of the peace in each organized 
county within the state. But the number of said justices 
to be elected in each organized county shall be limited by 
law to such a number as shall be necessary for the proper 
administration of justice. The justices of the peace here- 
in {provided for shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the 
district court in all civil actions when the amount in con- 
troversy, exclusive of costs, does not exceed $200, and in 
counties where no county court with criminal j-urisdlctlon 



80 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



exists they shall have such jurisdiction to heai* and deiter- 
mine <>ase6 of misdemeanor as may be provided by law, but 
in no case shall said justices of the peace have jurisdiction 
when the booiudajies of or title to real estate shall come in 
question. The legislative assemibdy shall have power to 
abolish the office of justice of the peace and confer that 
jurisdiction upon judges of county courts or elsewhere. 

POLICE MAGISTRlATES. 

Sec 113. The legislative assembly shall provide by law 
lor the election of police magistrates in cities, incorporated 
towns and villages, who in addition to their jurisdiction ol 
all cases arising under the ordinances of said cities, towns 
and villages, shall 'be ex-officio justices of the peace of the 
ooumty in which said cities, towns and villages may be 
located. And the legislative assembly may confer upon 
said police magistrateei the jurisdiction to hear, try and 
determine all cases of misdemeanors, and the prosecutions 
therein shall be by information. 

Sec. 114. Appeals shaill lie from the county court, final 
decisions of justices of the peace and police magistrates in 
such cases and tpursuauit to such regulations as may be 
prescribed by law. 

MI'SOEIiLiAJmOUS PROVISIONS. 

Sec. 115. The time of holding courts in the several 
counties of a district shall be as prescribed by law, but at 
least two terms of the district court shall be- held annually 
in each organized county, and the legislative assembly 
shall make provision for attaching unorganized counties 
or territories to organized counties for judicial purpose. 

Sec. 116. Judges of the district courts may hold court in 
other districts than their own under such regulations as 
Shan be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 117. No judge of the supreme or district court shall 
act as attorney or counsellor at law. 

Sec. 118. Until the legislative assembly shall provide 
by law for fixing the terms of courts, the judges of the su- 
preme and district courts shall fix the terms thereof. 

Sec. 119. No judge of the supreme of district courts 
shall be elected or appointed to any other than judicial 
offices or be eligible thereto during the term for which he 
was elected or appointed such judge, All votes or appoint- 
ments for either of them for any elective or appointive 
office except that of judge of the supreme court, or district 
court, given by the legislative assembly or the people, shall 
be void. 

Sec. 120. Tribunals of conciliation may be established 
with such powers and duties as shall be prescribed by law 



STATE OP' NORTH DAKOTA gl 



or the powers and duties of such may be conferred upon 
other courts of justice; but such tribunals or other courts 
when sitting as such, shall have no power to render judg- 
ment to be obligatory on the parties, unless they volun- 
tarily submit their matters of difference and agre.e to abide 
the judgment of such tribunals or courts. 

AiRTICTJS v.— Elective Franchise. 

Sec. 121. Every male person of the age of twenty-one 
years or upwards belonging to ei-ther of the following 
classes, who shall have resided in the state one year, in 
the county six months and in the precinct ninety days next 
preceding any election, shall be deemed a qualified elector 
at such election: 

First. Citizens of the United States. 

Second. Persons of foreign birth who shall have de- 
clared their intention to become citizens, one year and not 
more thaji six years prior to such election, conformably to 
the naturalization laws of the United States. 

Third. Civilized i)ersons of Indian descent who shall 
have severed their tribal relations two years next preceding 
such election. 

Note— This section amended by Article 2, amendments to thfr 
constitution. 

Sec. 122. The legislative assembly shall be empowered 
to make further extensions of suffrage hereafter, at its dis- 
cretion to all.Qitizens of mature age and sound mind, not 
convicted of crime without regard to sex; but no law ex- 
tending or restricting the right of suffrage shall be in force- 
until adopted by a majority of the electors of the state vot-^ 
ing at a general election. 

Sec. 123. Electors shall in all cases except treason, fel- 
ony, breach of the peace or illegal voting, be privileged! 
from arrest on the days of election during their attendance 
at, going to and returning from such election, and noi 
elector shall be obliged to perform military duty on the day 
of election, except in time of war or pu^blic danger. 

Sec. 124. The general elections of the state shall be 
biennial, and shall be held on the first Tuesday after the 
first Monday in November; pi-ovided, that the first general 
election under this constitution shall be held on the first 
Tuesday after the first Monday in November A. D. 1890. 

Sec 125. No elector shall be deemed to have lost his 
residence in this state by reason of his a)bsence on business 
of the United States or of this state or in the military or 
naval service of the United States. 

Sec. 126. No soldier, seaman or marine in the army or 
navy of the United States shall be deemed a resident of 
this state in consequence of his being stationed therein. 



82 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Sec. 127. No person who is under guardianship, nan 
compos mentis, or insane, shall be qualified to vote at any 
election, nor shall any person convicted of treason or fel- 
ony, unless restored to civil ri|?hts. 

Sec. 128. Any woman having the qualifications enumer- 
ated in section 121 of this article, as to age, residence and 
citizenship, and including those now qualified by the laws 
of the territory, may vote for all school officers, and upon 
all questions pertaining solely to school mattere, and be 
eligible to any school office. 

Sec. 129. All elections by the people shall be by secret 
ballot, subject to such regulations as shall be provided by 
law. 

ARTICLE VI.— Municipal Corporations. 

Sec* 130. The legislative assemWy shall provide by gen- 
-eral law for the organization of municii>al corporations, 
restricting their powers as to levying taxes and assess- 
ments, borrowing money and contracting debts; and money 
raised by taxation, loan or assessment for any purpose shall 
not be diverted to any other purpose except by authority of 
law. 

ARTICLE VII.— Corporations Other Than Municipal. 

Sec. 131. No charter of incorporation shall be granted, 
changed or amended by special law, except in the case of 
such nmnicipal, charitable, educational, penal or reforma- 
tory corporations as may be under the control of the state; 
but the legislative assembly shall provide by general laws 
for the organization of all corporations hereafter to be 
created, and any such law, so passed, shall be subject to 
future repeal or alteration. 

Sec. 132. All existing charters or grants of special or 
exclusive privileges, under which a bona fide organization 
shall not have taken place and business been oommenced 
in good faith at the time this constitution takes effect, 
shall thereafter have no validity. 

Sec. 133. The legislative assembly shall not remit the 
forfeiture of the charter to any corporation now existing, 
nor alter or amend the same, nor pass any other generS 
or special law for the benefit of such corporation, except 
upon the condition that such corporation shall thereafter 
hold its charter subject to the provisions of this constitu- 
tion- 
Sec. 134. The exercise of the right of eminent domain 
shall never be abridged, or so construed as to prevent the 
legislative assembly from taking the property and fran- 
chises of incorporated companies and subjecting them to 
piuiblic use, the same as the property of individuals; and 
the exercise of the podice power of this state shall never 
be abridged, or so construed as to permit corporations to 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 83 

conduct their business in suiob a manner as to infringe 
the equal rights of individuals or the general well-being 
of the stata 

Sec. 135. In all elections for directors or managers of a 
corporation, each member or shareholder may cast the 
whole number of his votes for one candidate, or distribute 
them upon two or more candidates, as he may prefer. 

Sec. 136. No foreign corporation shall do business in 
this state without haying one or more places of business 
and an authorized agent or agents in the same, upon whom 
process ma7 be served. 

Sec. 137. No corporation shall engoige In any business 
other than that exprescAy authorized in its charter. 

Sec. 138. No corporation shall issue stock or bonds ex- 
cept for money, labor done, or money or protperty actually 
received; and aill fictitious increase of stock or indebted- 
ness shall be void. The stock and Indebtedness of cor- 
porations shall not be inioreased except in pursuan>ce of 
general law, nor without the consent of the persons hold- 
ing the larger amount in value of the stock first obtained 
at a meeting to be held after sixty days' notice given in 
pursuance of law. 

Sec. 139. No laiw shall be passed by the legislative as- 
semil^ly granting the right to construct and operate a street 
railroad, teflegraph, teUephone or electric ligiht plant with- 
in any city, town or incorporated village, without requir- 
ing the consent of the local authorities having the control 
of the street or highway proposed to be occupied for such 
inirpoees. 

Sec. 140. Every railroad corporation organized and do- 
ing business in this state under the laws or authority 
thereof* shall have and maintain a public oflice or place 
in the state for the transaction of its business, where 
transfers of its stock shall be made and in which shall 
be kept for public inspection books in which shall be re- 
corded the amount of capital stock subscribed, and by 
wihom, the niame^ of the owners of its stock and the 
amount owned by them respectively; the amount of stock 
paid in and by whom and the transfers of said stock; the 
amount of its assets and liaibilities and the names and 
place of residence of its officers. The directors of every 
railroad corporation shall annually make a report, under 
oath to the auditor of public accounts, or some officer or 
officers to be designated by law, of all their acts and 
doings, which report shall include such matters relating to 
railroadi^ as may be prescribed by lajw, and the legislative 
assembly shall pass laws enforcing by suitable pienalties 
the provisions of this section; provided, the provisions of 
this section shall not be ^o construed as to apply to for- 
eign corporations. 



84 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Sec. 141. No railroad corporation shaJl consolidate its 
stock, property or franchises with amy other railroad cor- 
poration owning a parallel or competing line; and in no 
case shall any coniKxlidation take place except upon ipub- 
llc noti-ce given at least sixty days to all stockholders, in 
euich manner as may be provided by law. Any attempt to 
evade the provisions of this section by, any railroad corpo^ 
ration by lease or otherwise, shall work a forfeitui^e of its 
chairter. 

Sec. 142. Railways heretofore -constructed, or that may 
hereafter be constructed in this state are hereby declared 
public highways, and all railroads, sleeping car, telegraph, 
telephone and transportation <K)mpanies of passengers intel- 
ligence and freight are declared to be common carriers and 
subject to legislative control; and the legislative assem- 
bly shall have power to enaxit laws regulating and con- 
trolling the rates of charges for the transportation of pass- 
engers, intelligence and freight, as such common carriers^ 
from one point to another in this state; provided, that 
appeal may be had to the courts of this state from the rates 
so fixed; but the rates fixed by the legislative assembly 
or board of railroad commissioners shall remain in force 
I>ending the decision of the courts. 

Sec. 143. Any association or corporation organized for 
the purpose shall have the right to construct and operate 
a railroad between any points within this state, and to 
connect at the state line with the railroads of other states. 
Every railroad company shall have the right with its road 
to intersect, connect with or cross any other, and shall 
receive and transport each others passengers, tonnage and 
cars, loaded or empty, without delay or discrimination. 

Sec. 144. The term "corporation" as used in this article, 
shall not be understood as embracing municipalities or 
political subdivisions of the state unless otherwise ex- 
pressly stated, but it shall be held and construed to include 
all associations and joint stock companies having any of 
the powers or privileges of corporations not possessed by 
individuals or partnerships. 

Sec. 145. If a general banking law be enacted, it shall 
provide for the registry and countersigning by an officer 
* of the state, of all notes or bills designed for circulation, 
and that aimple security to the full amount thereof shall be 
deposited with the state treasurer for the redemption of 
such notes or bills. 

Sec. 146. Any combination between individuals, corpo- 
rations, associations, or either, having for its object or 
effect the controlling of the price of any product of the 
soil or any article of manufacture or commerce, or the cost 
of exchange or transiportation, is prohibited and hereby 
declared unlawful and against public policy; and any and 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 85 



all IranclilseB heretofore granted or extended, or that may 
hereafter he granted or extended in this state, whenever 
the owner or owners thereof violate this article, shall he 
deemed annulled and heoome void. 

ARTICLE VIII.— Education. 

Sec. 147. A high degree of intelligence, patriotism, in- 
tegrity and morality on the part of every voter in a gov- 
ernment by the people being necessary in order to insure 
the continuance of that government and the prosperity 
and happiness of the.peo^ple, the legisilative assembly shall 
make provision for the establishment and maintenamce of 
a system of public schools which shall be open to all chil- 
dren of the state of North Dakota and free from sectarian 
control. This legislative requirement shall be irrevocable 
without the consent of the United States and the people of 
North Dakota. 

Sec. 148. The legislative assembly shall provide, at its 
first session after the adoption of this constitution, for a 
uniform system for free public schools thit>ughout the 
state, beginning with the primary and extending through 
all grades up to and including the normal and collegiate 
course. 

Sec. 149. In all schools instruction shall be given as far 
as practicable in those branches of knowledge that tend to 
Impress upon the mind the vital importance of truthful- 
ness, temperance, purity, public spirit, and respect for hon- 
est labor of every kind. 

Sec. 150. A superintendent of schools for each county 
shall be elected every two years, whose quaiifications, du- 
ties, powers and compensation sh«ill be fixed by law. 

Sec. 151. The legislative assembly shall take such other 
st^ps as may be necessary to prevent illiteracy, secure a 
reasonable degree of uniformity in course of study, and to 
IMromote indoistrial. scientific and agricultural improve- 
ments. 

fciec. 152. All colleges, universities ajnd other educa- 
tional institutions, for the support of which lands have 
been- granted to this state, or which are supported by a 
pulblic tax, shall remain under the absolute and exclusive 
control of the state. No money raised for the support of 
the public schools of the state shall be ajppropriated to or 
used for the support of any sectarian school. 

ARTICLE IX. — School and Public Lands. 

Sec. 153. All proceeds of the public lands that have 
heretofore been, or may hereafter be granted by the 
United States for the support of the common schools In 
this state; all such per centum as may be granted by the 
United States on the sale of public lands; the proceeds of 



86 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

property that shall fall to the state by escheat, the pro- 
ceeds of all gifts and donations to the state for common 
schools, or not otherwise aa)ipropriated by the terms of the 
gift, and all other property otherwise acquired for common 
schools, shall be and remain a perpetual fund for the main- 
tenance of the common schools of the state. It shall be 
deemed a trust fund, the principal of which shall forever 
remain inviolate and may be increased but never dimin- 
ished. The state shall make good all losses thereof. 

Sec. 154. The interest and income' of this fund together 
with the net proceeds of all fines for violation of state 
laws, and all other sums which may be adtied thereto by 
law shall be faithfully used and applied each year for the 
benefit of the common schools of the state, and shall be for 
this purpose apportioned among and between all the sev- 
eral common school corporations of the state in proportion 
to the number of children in each of school age, as may be 
fixed by law, and no ipart of the fund shall ever be diverted 
even temporarily, from this purpose or used for any other 
purpose whatever than the maintenance of common schools 
for the equal benefit of all the people of the state; provided, 
however, that if any iK>rtion of the interest or income 
aforesaid be not expended during ajny year, said portion 
shall be added to and become a part of the school fund. 

Sec. 155. After one year from the assembling of the 
first legisilative assembly the lands granted to the state 
from the United States for the support of the common 
schools, may be sold upon the following conditions an<d no 
other: No more than one-fourth of all such lands shall 
be sold within the first five years after the same become 
saleable by virtue of this section. No more than one-'half 
of the remainder within ten years after the same become 
saleable as aforesaid. The residue may be sold at any 
time after the expiration of said ten years. The legisla- 
tive assembly shall (provide for the sale of all school lands 
subject to the provisions of this article. The coal lands of 
the state shall never be sold, but the legislative assembly 
may by general laws provide for leasing the same. The 
words *'coal lands" shall include lands bearing lignite coal. 

Sec. 156. The superintendent of public instruction, gov- 
ernor, attorney general, secretary of state and state auditor 
shall constitute a board of commissioners, which shall be 
denominated the "Board of University and School Lands,'' 
and, subject to the provisions of this article, and any 
law that may be passed by the legislative assembly, said 
board shall have control of the appraisement, sale, rental 
an-d disposal of all school and university lands, and shall 
direct the investment of the funds arising therefrom in the 
hands of the state treasurer, under the limitations in sec- 
tion 160 of this article. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 87 

t 

Sec.. 157. The county superintendent of common schools, 
•the chairman of the eounty boa^rd and the county auditor 
shall constitute boards of appraisal and under the author- 
ity of the state board of university and school lands shall 
appraise all school lands within their ress>ectiTe counties 
wihlch they may from time to time recommend for sale at 
their actual value under the prescribed terms and shall 
first select and designate for sale the most valuable lands. 

Sec. 158. No land shall be sold for less than the ap- 
praised value and in no case for less than $10 per acre. 
The purchaser sihall pay one-fifth of the price in cash and 
-the remaining four-fifths as fallows: One-fifth in five 
years, one-fifth in ten yeans one-fifth in fifteen years and 
one-fifth in twenty years, with interest at the rate of not 
less than six per centum, payable annually in advance. 
All sales shall be held at the county seat of the county in 
which the land to be sold is situate, and shaU be at pub- 
lic auction and to the highest bidder, after sixty days ad- 
vertisement of the sajme in a newspaper of geneml circula- 
tion in the vicinity of the lands to be sold, and one at the 
seat of government. Such lands as shall not have been 
specially subdivided shall be offered in tracts of one-quar- 
ter section, and those so subdivided in the smallest subdi- 
visions. All lands designated for sale and not sold within 
two years after appraisal shall be reappraised before they 
aire sold. No grant or patent for any such lands shall 
issue until payment is made tor the same; provided, that 
the lands contracted to be sold by the state shall be sub- 
ject to taxation from the date of such contract. In case 
the taxes assessed against any of said lands for any year 
remain unpaid until the first Monday in October of the fol- 
lowing year, then and thereupon the contract of sale for 
such lands shall become null and void. 

Sec 159. All land, money or other property donated, 
granted or received from the United States or any other 
source for a university, school of mines, reform school, 
agricultural college, deaf and dumb asylum, noronal school 
or other educational or charitable institution or purpose, 
and the proceeds of all such Hands and other property so 
received from any soui;ce, shall be and remain perpetual 
funds the interest and income of which, together with the 
rents of aU such lands as may remain unsold, shall be in- 
violably appropriated and applied to the specific objects of 
the original grants or gifts. The principal of every such 
fund may be Increased but shall never be diminished and 
the interest and income only shall be used. Every such 
fund shall be deemed a trust fund held by the state, and 
the state shall make good all losses thereof. 

Sec. 160. AU lands^ mentioned in the preceding section 
shall be appraised and sold in the same manner and under 



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sail *rn*anr* M >y .ii'ir staJ. y^ ianr 'tt "^te^ ? 

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•n ir^^di* IT ATT 5ir "3*? leaszur rf '»?Tif^ £■ i ir^w f ui ihe 

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jt-sr 3«iTii?f Iff je ffiA ' j r ^ 3rT»".c»*i j, rsae if atje: pro- 

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S"3r-«v acmtts :rf Ti^ aaz-? it N^^rrz T-a rjnL ?r n Irst aort- 

•ni** -tame 31a 7 '?•» lo«a8*i. >noa '^^:*I^» •:- 3e ie'-^nniaied bj" 

tj^^t i<mr± it i^graisers -^ aciocl Ian* is. 

^jSitiTjiiZt'^ gr*n~ n^ tj ioy PUTSCH. --J '7cri::oa <nr aaaociacoii 
aaj 5nT-^<?e'» ':5 reuscu jt "ie jv^-L^tii-a* ^nlCTariiMi or 
TTTTn^ygmt^ri" :rf lor 3iL2tic lojiiis J." -j^i-'i 3*?r^oo, oocpora- 

^fttittni 2C'^eniii»ai*L N:r zlaim for tie >!cupacifflx» cn!ti- 

Tn'.!.TL TT mp rr^am^^c 7f xnj 7a:lc laivis- soaH i?v«r be 
-T^-^^-.tTL^Zf^ n<?r soi^ sui-*J v>:<n7a* :rii. ^•ul'Ti'^nticHt or im.- 

«»':i.*r iLr^i*^lj or in.«iirectlj rlie ?iir^*aa;3e pnoe of said 

3***!, t*^f4- T^e lecsIariTM i^sem'^y ^saall ^inre aatbocftx 
*jo ^r^vi^iii TT la.Tr for tie sale -jt ii^jpo^al >i! xll ^Hrt>iic lands 
iiatz oa^** >t*Hi iereix^ne. or aidj aer*SL:*:':fr i>e $raitC9ed by 
t.>* Ta-T^ 3^71 -es "o tie state f'?r pa~pc:?*-s- vKi**r ihrnn ?ec 
&>r:a aiiit :iain^ in, secttoa l-lo and ir;j x -iiis 
Ann 'oe .eeiiiiazi'-e assem'aiy, in. ?n:rvi(i:n^ for tie 
menc «ue. r-nnLl lad iisposal ot :'ae ^aoie. saail not be 
mhiftcr 'o tnt^ iroviAoos and :iaiita^:*>as 71: :i:s artacJe. 

3*ic. I'w. Toe Iegr.<arfTe ^semoiy :?fea:: ^ass aititaJMe 
laTT^ tar tne afe keepai^ tranter ami i^sbursemeat of the 
r- I'-e ^hooi tods: and soall r^'ure all oiBv-'er^ ehucSMi 
w:rti toe aame cpp tie safe keeping thereof to gire am^ie 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 89 



Tjonds for all moneys and funds received by them, and if 
-any of said officers shall convert to his own use In any man- 
€jr or form, or shall loan with or without interest or shall 
deposit in his own name, or otherwise than in the name of 
the state of North Dakota, or shall deposit in any banks or 
with any person or persons, or exchange for other funds or 
property any portion of the school funds aforesaid, or pur- 
posely allow any portion of the same to remain in his own 
hands uninvested, except in the manner prescribed by law, 
every such act shall constitute an embezzlement of so much 
of the aforesaid school fumds as shall be thus taken or 
loaned, or deposited, or exchanged, or withheld, and shall 
be a felony; and any failure to pay over, produce or account 
for the state school funds or any part of the same entinisted 
to any such officer, as by law required or demanded, shall 
be held ajid be taken to be prima facie evidence of such 
embezzlement. 

ARTICJLE X. — County and Township Organization. 

Sec. 166. The several counties in the territory of Da- 
kota lying north of the seventh standard parallel as they 
now exist, are hereby declared to be counties of the state 
of North Dakota. 

Sec. 167. The legi^ative assembly shall provide by gen- 
•eral law for organizing new counties, locating the county 
Beats thereof temporarily, and changing county lines, but 
no new county shall be organized, nor shall any organized 
county be so reduce as to include an area of less than 
twenty^four congressional townships, and containing a pop- 
ulation of less than one thousand bona fide inhabitants. 
And in the organization of new counties and in changing 
the lines of organized counties and boundaries of congres- 
sional townships, the natural boundaries shall be observed 
^as nearly as may be. 

Sec. 168. All changes in the boundaries of organized 
counties before taking effect shall be submitted to the elect- 
ors of the county or counties to be affected thereby at a 
general election and be adopted by a majority of all the 
legal votes cast in each county at such election; and in case 
^ny portion of an organized county is stricken off and 
:added to another the county to which such portion is added 
shall assume and be holden for an equitable proportion of 
the indebtedness of the county so redu^jed. 

Sec. 169. The legis'lative assembly shall provide by gen- 
eral law, for changing county seats in organized counties, 
but it slmll have no power to remove the county seat of any 
•org^anlzed county. 

Sec 170. The legislative assembly shall provide by gen- 
eral law for township organization, under which any 
-county may organize, whenever a majority of all the legal 
Toters of such county, voting at a general election, shall so 



90 LBGISLATIVB MANUAL 



determine, and whenever any county shall adopt township 
orgajilzation. so miioh of this constitution as provides for 
the management of the fiscal conicerns of said county hy the 
board of county commissioners may be dispensed with by a 
majority vote of the people voting at any g&nefral election; 
and the affairs of said county may be transacted by the 
chairmen of the several townelhip boards of said county, 
and such others as may be provided by law for in<!orpo- 
rated cities, towns or villages within such county. 

Sec. 171. In any county that shall have adopted a sys- 
tem of government by the cihalrmen of the several township 
boards, the question of continuing the same miay be sub- 
mitted to the electors of such coun*y at a general election 
in such a manner as may be provided by law, and if a ma- 
jority of all the votes cast upon suioh question shall be 
against said system of government, then sucfh system shall 
cease in said county and the affairs of said county shall 
then be transacted by a board of county commissioners as 
is now provided by the laws of the territory of Dakota. 

Sec. 172. Until the system of county government by the 
chairmen of the several town^ip boards is adopted by any 
county, the fiscal affairs of said county shall be transa)cted 
by a board of county commissioners. Said board shall con- 
sist of not less than three and not more than five membera 
whose terms of office shall be prescribed by law. Said board 
Eftiall hold sessions for the transaction of county business 
as shall be provided by law. 

Sec. 173. At the first general election held after the 
adoption of this constitution, and every two yeairs there- 
after, there shall be elected in each organized county in the 
state, a county judge, derk of court, register of deeds, 
county auditor, treasurer, i^eriff and states attorney, who 
shall be electors of the county in which they are elected, 
and who shall hold their office until their successors are 
elected and qualified. The legslative assembly shall pro- 
vide by law for such other county, township and district 
officers as may be deemed necessary, and shall prescribe the 
duties and compensation of all county, township and dis- 
trict officers. The sheriff and treasurer of any county shall 
not hold their respective offices for more than four years 
in succession. 

ARTICLE XI. — ^Revenue and Taxation. 

Sec. 174. The legislative assembly shall provide for rais- 
ing revenue sufficient to defray the expenses of the state 
for each year, not to exceed in any one year four .(4) mills 
on the dollar of the assessed valuation of all taxable 'prop- 
erty in the state, to be ascertained by the last assessment 
made lor state and county purposes, and also a sufficient 
sum to pay the interest on the state debt. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 91 

Sec. 175. No tax shall be levied except In pursmanice of 
law, and every law imposing a tax shall state distinctly the 
object ol the same, to which only it shiall be applied. 

Sec. 176. Laws shall be passed taxing by uniform rule 
all property according to its true value in money, but the 
property of the United States and the state, county and 
mumicipal corporationB, both real and personal, shkil be ex- 
emipt from taxation, and the legislative assembly shall by 
a general law exempt from taxation property used exclu- 
sively for school, religious, cemetery or charitable purposes 
and personal property to any amount not exceeding in value 
two hundred dollars for each individual liable to taxation; 
but the legislative aseemibly may by laiw, provide for the 
payment of a per centum of gross earnings of railroad com- 
piBiiles to be paid In lieu of all state, county, township and 
school taxes on property exclusively used in and about the 
prosecution of the business of such companies as common 
carriers, but no real estate of said corporations ^all be 
exempted from taxation, in the same manner, and on the 
same basis as other real estate Is taxed, except roiad-:bed, 
right-^f-way, shops and buildings used exclusively in their 
business as common carriers, and whenever and so long as 
such law providing for the payment of a per centum on 
earnings shall be in force, that part of section 179 of this 
article relating to assessment of railroad property shall 
cease to be in force^ 

Sec. 177. All improvements on land shall be assessed 
in aocordance with section 179, but plowing shall not be 
considered as an improvement or add to the value of land 
for the purpose of assessment. 

Sec. 178. The power of taxation shall never be surren- 
dered or suspended by any grant or contract to which the 
state or any county or other municipal corporation shall 
be a party, » 

Sec. 179. All property, except as hereinafter in this sec- 
tion provided, shall be assessed in the county, city, town- 
ship, town, village or district in which it is situated, in the 
manner prescribed by law. The franchise, roadway, road- 
bed, rails and rolling stock of all railroads operated in this 
state shall be assessed by the state board of equalization 
at their actual value and such assessed valuation shall be 
apportioned to the counties, cities, towns, townships and 
districts in which said roads are located, as a basis for tax- 
ation of such property in proportion to the number of miles 
of railway laid in such counties, cities, towns, townships 
and districts. 

Sec. 180. The legislative assembly may provide for the 
levy, collection and disposition of an annual poll tax of not 
more than one dollar and ftfty cents on every male inhab- 
itant of this state over twenty-one and under fifty years of 



^92 LtSGISLATTYB MANUAL. 



jige, except paupers, idiots, insane persoas and Indians not 
taxed. 

See. 181. The legislative assembly shall pass all laws 
necessary to carry out the provisions of this article 

ARTICLE XII.— Puhlic Debt and Public Works. 

Sec. 182. The state may, to meet casual deficits or fail- 
ure in the revenue, or in case of extraordinary emergencies 
contract deibts, but su€fti debts shall never in the aggregate 
'exceed the sum of $200,000, exclusive of what may be the 
debt of North Dakota at the time of the adoption of this 
constitution. Every such debt shall be authorized by law 
tor certain purposes to be definitely mentioned therein, 
and every such law shall iprovide for levying an annual tax 
sufiicient to pay the interest semi-«innina11y, and the princi- 
pal within thirty years from the passage of suich law, and 
shall specially appropriate the proceeds of such tax to the 
payment of said principal and interest, and such appropria- 
tion shiall not be repealed nor the tax discontinued until 
such debt, both principal and interest, shall have been fully 
paid. No debt in excess of the limit named shall be in- 
•curred except for the purpose of repelling invasion, sup- 
pressing insurrection, defending the state in time of war, 
or to provide for public defense in case of threatened hos- 
tilities; but the issuing of new bonds to refund exis'ting 
indebtedness, shall not be construed to be any part or por- 
tion of said $200,000. 

Sec. 183. The debt of any county, township, city, town, 
school district or any other -pollticiaJ subdivision, shall never 
exceed five (5) per centum upon the assessed value of the 
taxable property therein; provided, that^ any incorporated 
•city may, by a two^hirds vote, increase such indebtedness 
three per centum on such assessed value beyond said five 
per cent limit. In estimating the indebtedness which a 
city, county, township, school district or any other politi^cal 
suibdivisdon may incur, the entire amount of existing in- 
debtedness, whether contracted prior or subsequent to the 
adoption of this constitution shall be included; provided, 
further, that any incorporated city may become indebted 
in any amount not exceeding four per centum on such 
assessed value without regard to the existing indebtedness 
of such city, for the purpose of constructing or pupchasing 
water works for furnishing a supply of water to the inhab- 
itants of such city, or for the purpose oj constructing sew- 
ers, and for no other purpose whatever. All bonds or ob- 
ligations in excess of the amount of indebtedness permitted 
by t6ls constitution, given by any city, county, township, 
town, school dlstriict or any other political subdivision shall 
be void. 

Sec. 184. Any city, county, township, town, school dis- 
trict or any other political subdivision incurring indebted- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 93. 



Bess shall at or before the time of so doing, provide for the 
collection of an annual tax sufficient to pay the interest and 
also the principal thereof when due, and all laws or ordi- 
nances providing for the payment of the interest or prin- 
cipal of any debt shall be irrepealable until such debt be 
paid. 

Sec. 185. Neither the state nor any county, city, town- 
ship, town, school district or any other political subdi- 
vision shall loan or give its credit or make donations to or 
in aid of any individual, association or corporation, except 
for necessary support of the poor, nor subscribe to or be- 
come the owner of the capital stock of any association or 
corporation, nor shall the state engage in any work of in- 
ternal impax)vement unless authorized by a two-thirds vote 
of the people. 

Sec. 186. No money shall be paid out of the state treas- 
ury excerpt upon appropriation by law and on warrant 
drawn by the proper officer, and no bills, claims, accounts 
or demamds against the state or any county or other i)oliti- 
cal subdivision, shall be audited, allowed or paid until a 
full iteimized statement in writing shall be filed with tho 
officer or officers, whose duty it may be to audit the same. 

Sec. 187. No bond or evidence of indebtedness of the 
state shall be valid unless the same shall have endorsed 
thereon, a certificate, signed by the auditor and secretary of 
state, showing that the bond or evidence of de(bt is issued 
pursuant to law and is within the debt limit. No bond or 
evidence of debt of aaiy county, or bond of any township 
or other poUtioal subdivision shall be valid unless the same 
have endorsed thereon a certificate signed by the cifuhty 
auditor, or other officer authorized by law to sign such cer- 
tificate, stating that said bond, or evidence of debt, is ia»ued 
pursuant to law and is within the debt limit. 

ARTICLE XIII.— Militia. 

Sec. 188. The militia of this state shall consist of all 
able-bodied male persons residing in the state, between the 
ages of eighteen and forty-five years, except such as may^ 
be exempted by the laws of the United States or of this 
state. Persons whose religious tenets or conscientious 
scruples forbid them to bear arms shall not be compelled 
to do so in times of peace, but shall pay an equivalent for 
a personal service. 

Sec. 189. The militia shall be enrolled, organized, uni- 
formed, armed and disciplined in such a manner as shall 
be provided by law, not incompatible with the constitution 
or law^ of the United States. 

Sec. 190. The legislative assembly shall provide by law 
for the establishment of volunteer organizations of the sev- 
eral arms of the service, which shall be classed as active 
militia; and no other organized body of armed men shall 



94 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



be permitted to perform military duty in this state except 
the army of the United States, without the proclamation of 
the governor of the state. 

Sec. 191. All militia officers shall be appointed or elected 
in suoh a manner as the legijslative assembly shall provide. 

Sec^ 192. The commissioined officers of the militia shall 
be commissioned by the governor, and no commissioned 
officer flihall be removed fiom office except by sentence oiC 
court martial, pursuant to law. 

Sec. 193. The militia forces shall in all cases, except 
treason, felony or breach of the peace, be privileged from 
arrest during their attendance at musters, parades and 
elections of officers, and in going to and returning from the 
same. 

ARTIOLE XIV. — Impeachment and Eemoval From Office. 

Sec. 194. The house of representatives shall have the 
sole power of impeajchment. The concurrence of a major- 
ity ot all members elected shall be necessary to an im- 
peachment. 

Sec. 195. All imi>eachments shall be tried by the senate. 
When sitting for that purpose the senators shall be upon 
oath or affirmation to do justice according to the lam and 
evidence. No person shall be convicted without the concur- 
rence of two-thirds of the mem'bers elected. When the 
governor or lieutenant governor Is on trial the presiding 
Judge of the supreme court shall preside. 

Sec. 196. The governor and other state and judicial offi- 
cers except county judges, justices of the peace and ipolice 
magistrates, ahaill be Uaible to impeachment for habitual 
drunkenness, crimes, corrupt conduct, or malfeasance or 
misdemeanor in office, but judgment in such cases sihall not 
extend further than removal from office and disqualiflca- 
tion to hold any office of trust or profit under the state. 
The person axjoused. wliether convicted or acquitted, shall 
nevertheless be liable to indictment, trial, judgment and 
punishment according to Ism. 

Sec. 197. All officers not liable to Impeachment shall be 
subject to removal for misconduct, m«^;lfeasance crime or 
misdemeanor in office, or for habitual drunkenness or gross 
incompetency in such manner as may be provided by law. 

Sec. 198. No officer shall exercise the duties of his office 
after he shall have been impeached and before his ac- 
quittal. 

Sec. 199. On trial of impeachment against the governor, 
the lieutenant gonremor shall not act as a member of the 
court. 



STATE OP NQRTH DAKOTA 95 



Sec. 200. No person shall be tried on Impeachment be- 
fore he shall have been served with a copy thereof, at least 
twenty days previoufi to the day set for triaL 

Sec. 201. Nb (person shall be liable to impeachment twice 
for the same offense. 

ARTICTLB XV.—Puture Amendments. 

Sec. 202. Any amendment or amendments to this con- 
stitution may be proposed in either house of the legislative 
assembly; and if the seme shall be agreed to by a majority 
of the members elected to each of the two hooises, such 
proposed amendment shall be entered on the Journal of tfi^ 
house with the yeas and nays taken thereon, and referred 
to the legislative assemebly to be choeen at the next general 
election, and shall be puMisfhed, as provided by law, for 
three months previous to the time of making such choice, 
and if in tiie legislative assembly so next chosen as afore- 
said such proposed amendment or amendments shall be 
agreed to by a majority of all the memibers elected to each 
liouse, then it shall be the duty of the legislative assembly 
to submit such proposed amendment or amendments to the 
people in su'ch manner and at such time a^ the legislaitive 
assembly sbail provide; and if the people shall aoNprove and 
ratify such amendment or amendments by a majority of 
the electors quali<fied to vote for memibers of the legislative 
assembly voting thereon, such amendment or amendments 
shall become a part of the constitution of this state. If 
two or more amendmieintfi shall be submitted at the sajme 
time they shall be submitted in such manner that the elect- 
ors shall vote for or against each of such amendments sep- 
arately. 

ARTICLE XVI.— Compact With the United States. 

Sec. 203. The following article shall be irrevocable with- 
out the consent of the United States and the people of this 
state. 

First. Perfect toderation of religious sentiment shall be 
secured, and no Inhabitant of this state shall ever be mo- 
lested in person or property on account of his or her mode 
of religious worship. 

Second. The people inhabitimg this state do agree and 
declare that they forever disclaim all right and title to the 
unapprofpriated public lands lying within the boundaries 
thereof, and to ^l lands lying within said limits owned or 
held by any Indian or Indian tribes, and that until the title 
thereto s.hall have been extinguished by the United States, 
the same shall be and remain subject to the disposition of 
the United States, and that said Indian lands shall remain 
undor tlie absolute jurisdiction and control of the congress 
of the United States; that the lan<ds bellonging to citizens 
of the United States residing without this state shall never 



96 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



be taxed at' a higher rate than the lands belonging to resi- 
dents of this state; that no taxes shall be imposed by this- 
state on lands or property therein, belonging to, or which 
may hereafter be pnrchaaed by the United States, or re- 
served for its use. But nothing in this article shall pre- 
clude this state from taxing as other lands are taxed, any 
lands owned or held by any Indian who has severed bis 
tribal relations, and has obtained fnom the United States or 
from any person, a title thereto, by patent or other grant 
aave and except such lands a& have been or may be granted 
to any Indian or Indians under any acts of congress con- 
taining a provision exempting the lands thiis granted from 
taxation, which last mentioned lands shall be exempt from 
taxation so long, and to such an extent, as is, or may be 
provided in the act cH congress granting the same. 

Third. In order that payment of the delbts and liabili- 
ties contracted or incurred by and on behalf of the terri- 
tory of Dakota may be justly and equitably (provided for 
and made, and in pursaiance of the requirements of an act 
of congress approved February 22, 1889, entitled, "An act 
to provide for the division of Dakota into two states and to 
enable the people of North Dakota, South Dakota^ Montana 
and Washington to form constitutions and state govern- 
ments and to be admitted into the union on an equal foot- 
ing with the original states and to make donations of public 
lands to sfudh states," the states of North Dakota and South 
Dakota, by proceedings of a joint commission, duly ap- 
pointed under said act, the sessions whereof were held at 
Bismarck in said state of North Dakota, from July 16, 1889, 
to July 31, 1880, inclusive, have agreed to the following ad- 
justment of the amounts of the debts and liabilities of the 
territory of Dakota, which shall be assumed and paid by 
each of the states of North Dakota and South Dakota, re- 
spectively, to--wlt: 

This agreement shall take effect and be in force from and 
after the adimiseion into the union as one of the United 
States of America, of either the state of North Dakota or 
the state of South Dakota. 

The words "State of North Dakota," wherever used in 
this agreement shall be taken to mean the territory of 
North Dakota in case the state of South Dakota shall be ad- 
mitted into the union prior to the admission into the union 
of the state of North Dakota; and the words "State of 
South Dakota," wherever used in this agreement shall be 
taken to mean the territory of South Dakota in case the 
state of North Dakota shall be admitted into the union 
prior to the admission into the union of the state of South 
Dakota. 

The said state of North Dakota shall assume and pay all 
bonds issued by the territory of Dakota to provide funds 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 97 

for the purchase, canBtructioni, repairs or maintenance of 
Buoh public institutions, grounds or budldings as are located 
within the boundariea of North Dakota, and shall pay all 
warrants issued under and by virtue of that cenrtain act of 
the legislative assembly of the territory of DIukota, ap- 
proved March 8, 1889, entitled "An act to provide for the 
refunding of outstanding warrants drawn on the capdtol 
building fund." 

The state of South Dakota shall assume and pay all 
bonds issued by the territory of Dakota to provide funds 
for the purchase, construction, repairs or maintenance of 
such public institutions, grounds or buildings as are located 
within the boundaries of South Dakota. 

That is to say: The state of North Dakota shall assume 
and pay the following bonds and indebtedness, to- wit: 

Bonds issued on acoounit of the hospital for insane at 
Jamestown, North Dakota, the face aggregate of which is 
$266,000; also, bonds issued on axscount of the North Dakota 
university at Grand Forks, North Dakota, the face aggre- 
gate of which is $96,700; also, bonds issued on account of 
the penitentiary at Bismarck, North Dakota, the face ag- 
gregat3 of which is $93,600; also, refunding capitol building 
waarants dated April 1. 1889. $83,507.46. 

And the state of South Dakota shall assume and ^y the 
following bonds and indebtedness, to- wit: 

Bonds issued on account of the hospital for the Insane at 
Yankton, South Dakota, the face aggregate of. which is 
$210,000; also, bonds issued on account of the school for 
deat mutes at Sioux Falls, South Dakota, the face aggre- 
gate of which lis $51,000; also, bonds issuied on account of 
the university at Vermillion, South Dakota, the face aggre- 
gate of which is $75,000; also, bonds issued on account of 
the penitentiary at Sdoux Falls, South Dakota, the face 
aggregate of which is $94,300; also, bonds issued on ac- 
count of the agricultural college at Brooking®, South Da- 
kota, the face aggregate of which is $97,500; also, bonds 
issued on account of the normal school at Madison, South 
Dakota, the face aggregate of which is $49,400; also, bonds, 
issued on account of the school of mines at Rapid City, 
South Dakota, the face aggregate of which is $33,000; also^ 
bonds issued on account of the reform school at Plankin- 
ton. South Dakota, the face aggregate of which is $30,000; 
also, bonds issued on account of the normal school at Spear- 
fish, South Dakota, the face aggregate of whioh is $25,000; 
also, bonds Issued on account of the soldier's home at 
Hot Springs, South Dakota, the face aggregate of which 
is $45,000. 

The states of North Dakota and South Dakota shall pay 
one-half each of all liabilities now existing or hereafter 
and prior to the taking effect of this agreement incurred. 






98 LEGISLATIVB MANUAL 

except thoee heretofore or hereafter incurred, on account 
of public institutions, grounds or buildings, except as 
otherwise herein spedfical'ly provided. 

The state of SourtJh Dakota shall pay to the State of North 
Dakota $46,500, on account of the excess of territorial ap- 
propriations for the permanent improvement of territorial 
institutions which under this agreement will go to South 
Dakota, and in full of the undivided one-half interest of 
North Dakota in the territorial library, and in full settle- 
ment of unbalanced accounts, and of all claims against the 
territory of whatever nature, legal or equitable, arising out 
of the alleged erroneous or unlawful taxation of Northern 
Pacific railroad lands, and the payment of said amount 
shall dischaiigre and exempt the state of South Dakota from 
all liability for or on account of the several matters here- 
iinbefore referred to; nor shall either state be called upon 
to pay or answer to any portion of liability hereafter aris- 
ing or accruing on account of transactions heretofore had, 
which liability would be a liability of the territory of Da- 
kota had such territory remained in existence, and which 
liabilJty shall grow out of matters connected with any pub- 
lic institutions, grounds or buildings of the territory situ- 
jated or located with the boundaries of the other state. 

A final adjustment of accounts shall be made upon the 
followinig basis: North Dakota shall be charged with all 
sums paid on account of the public institutions, grounds or 
l)uildings located within its boundaries on account of the 
current appropriations since Maipch 9, 1889; and South Da- 
kota shall ibe charged with all sums paid on account of pub- 
lic institutions, grounds or buildings located within its 
boundaries on tho same account and during the same time. 
EJach state shall be charged with one-half of all other ex- 
penses of the territorial government during the same time. 
Jill moneys paid into the treasury during the period from 
March 8, 1889, to the time of taking effect of this agree- 
ment by any county, municipality or person within the 
limits of the proposed slate of North Dakota, shall be cred- 
ited to the state of North Dakota, and all sums paid into 
said treasury within the same time by any county, munici- 
pally or person within the limits of the proposed state of 
South Dakota shall be credited to the state of South Da* 
kota, exc^t that any and all taxes on gross earnings paid 
into said treasury by railroad corporations, since the 8th 
day of Marcn, 1889, based upon earnings of years prior to 
1888, under and by virtue of the act of the legislative as- 
sembly of the territory of Dakota, approved March 7, 1889, 
and entitled **An act providing for the levy and coUectiou 
of taxes upon property of railroad com|)anies in this terri- 
tory." being chapter 107 oi the session laws of 1889 (that 
is, the part of such sums going to the territory), shall be 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 99 



•equally divided between the states of North Dakota and 
South Dakota, and all taxes heretofore or hereafter paid 
iiito said treasury under and by virtue of the act last men- 
tioned, based upon the gross earnings of the year 1888, 
shall be distributed as already provided by law, e;xcept that 
so much thereof as goes to the territorial treasury shall be 
divided ae follows: Noptli Dakota shall have so much 
thereof as shall be or has been paid by railroads within the 
limits of the proposed state of NorUi Dakota, and South 
Dakota so much thereof as shall be or has been paid by 
railroads within the limHs of the proposed state of South 
Dakota; each state shall be credited also with all balances 
of appropriations made by the seventeenth legislative as- 
sembly of the territory of Dakota for the account of the 
public Institutions, grounds or buildings situated within • 
its limits remainimg unexpended on March 8, 1889. If 
there shall be any indeibtedness except the indebtedness 
repfresented by the bonds and refundimg warrants herein- 
before mentioned, eaehr state shall at th^ time of such final 
adjustment of accounts, assume its share of said indebted- 
ness as determined by the amount paid on account of the 
public institutions, grounds or buildings of such state in 
excess of the receipts from counties, municipalities, rail- 
road corporations or persons within the limits of said state 
as provided in this article; and if there should be a surplus 
at the time of such final adjustment each state shall be en- 
titled to the amounts received from counties, municipali- 
ties, railroad corporations or persons within its limits over 
and above the amount charged it. And the State of North 
Dakota hereby obligates itself to i>ay such part of the debts 
and liabilities of the territory of Dakota as is declared by 
the foregoing aigreement to be its proportion thereof, the 
same as if such proportion had been originally created by 
said state of North Dakota as its own debt or liability. 

Sec. 204. Jurisdiction is ceded to the United States over 
the military reservations of Fort Abraham Lincoln, Port 
Buford, Fort Pembina and Fort Totten, heretofore declared 
Tyy the president of the United States; provided, legal pro- 
cess, civil and criminal, of this state, shall extend over 
-such reservation in all cases in which exclusive jurisdic- 
tion is not vested in the United States, or of crimes not 
committed within the limits of such reservations. 

Sec. 205. The state of North Dakota hereby accepts the 
several grants of land granted by the United States to the 
state of North Dakota by an act of congress, entitled "An 
act to provide for the division of Dakota into two states, 
and to enable the people of North Dakota, South Dakota, 
Montana and Washington to form constitutions and state 
-governments^ and to be admitted into the union on equal 
tooting with the original states, and to make donations of 



J -J 



J ^ 






100 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

puibliic lands to sdicli states/' under the conditions and lim- 
itations therein mentioned; reserving the right, however, 
to aipiply to oongresfi for modification of said conditions and 
limitations in case of necessity. 

ARTICLE XVII.— Miscellaneous. 

Sec. 206. The name of this state shall be "North Da- 
kota." The state of North Dakota shall consist of all he 
territory included within the following boundary, to-wit: 
OommeDicinig at a point in the main channel of the Red 
River of the North, where the forty-ninth degree of north 
latitude drosses the same; thence south up the main chan- 
nel of the same and along the boundary line of the state of 
Minnesota to a point where the seventh standard patallel 
intersects the same; thence west along said seventh stand- 
ard parallel produced due west to a point where it inter- 
sects the twentynseventh meridian of longitude west from 
Washington; thence north on said meridian to a point 
where it intersects the forty-ninth degree of north latitude; 
thence east along said line to place of beginning. 

Sec. 207. The following described seal is hereby de- 
clared to be and hereby constituted the great seal of the 
state of North Dakota, to-wit: A tree in the open field, 
the trunk of which is surrounded by three bundles of 
wheat; on the right a plow, anvil and sledge; on the left, 
a bow crossed with three arrows, and an Indian on horse- 
back pursiuing a buffalo toward the setting sun; the foliage 
of the tree arched by a half circle of forty-two stars, sur- 
rounded by the motto "Liberty and Union Now and For- 
ever, One and Inseparable"; the words *'Great Seal" at the 
top, the words "State of North Dakota" at the bottom; 
♦'October 1st" on the left, and "1889" on the right. The 
seal to be two and one-half inches in diameter. 

Sec. 208. The right of the debtor to enjoy the comforts 
and necessaries of life shall be recognized by wholesome 
laws exempting from forced sale to all heads of families a 
homestead, the value of which shall be limited and defined 
by law; and a reasonable amount of personal property; the 
kind and value shall be fixed by law. This section shall 
not be construed to prevent liens against the homestead 
for labor done and materials furnished in the imiprovement 
thereof, in such manner as may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 209. The labor of children under twelve years of 
age shall be prohibited in mines, factories and workshops 
in this state. 

Sec. 210. All flofwlng streams and natural water courses 
shall forever remain the property of the state for mining, 
irrigating and manufacturing purposes. 

Sec. 211. Menubers at the legislative ossemibly and Judi- 
cial defpartment, except such inferior officers as may be by 



»•■ *■». n «, . ( 

*■ * * ' * 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 101 

law exemj|)4:ed, shall, before they enter on the duties of 
their resi)ective offices, take and subscribe the following 
oath or affirmation: "I do solemnly swear (or affirm, as the 
case may be) that I will support the constituitlon of the 
United States and the constitution of the state of North 
Dakota; and that I will faithfully discharge the duties of 

the office of according to the best of my 

ability, so help me God" (if an oath), (under pain and pen- 
alty of perjury, if an affirmation), and no otiher oath, 
declaration or test shall be required as a qualification for 
any office or public trust. 

Sec. 212. The exchange of "black lists" between corpo- 
rations shall be iprohibited. 

Sec. 213. The real and personal property of any woman 
in this state, acquired before marriage, and all property to 
which she may siter marriage become in any manner right- 
fully entitled, shall be her separate property and shall not 
be liable for the debts of her husband. 

ARTICL.E XVIII.— <:Jongressional and Legislative Appor- 
tionment. 

Sec. 214. Until otherwise provided by law, the member 
of the house of representatives of the United States appor- 
tioned to this state shall be elected at large. 

Until otherwise provided by law, lie senatorial and rep- 
resentative districts shall be formed, and the senators and 
representatives shall be apportioned as follows: 

The first dis»trict shall consist of the townships of Wal- 
halla, St. Joseph, Neche, Pembina, Bathgate, Carlisle, Jol- 
let, Midland, Lincoln and Drayton, in the county of Pem- 
bina and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The second district shall consist of the townships of St. 
Thomas, Hamilton, Cavalier, Akra, Beauleau, Thingvalla, 
Grardar, Park, Crystal, EUora and Lodema, in the county of 
'Pembina, amd be entitled to one senator and two repres- 
entatives. 

The third district shall consist of the townships of Perth, 
Latona, Adams, Silvestar, Cleveland, Morton, Vesta, Tiber, 
Medford, Vernon, Golden, Lampton, Eden, Rushford, Ken- 
sington, Dundee, Ops, Prairie Centre, Fertile, Park River, 
and Gleniwood, in the county of Walsh, and be entitled to 
one senator and two representatives. 

The fourth district shall consist of the townships of For- 
est River, Walsh Center, Grafton, Farmington, Ardock, vil- 
lage of Ardock, Harrison, city of Grafton, Oakwood. Mar- 
tin, Walahville, Pulaski, Actoii, Mlnto and St. Andrews in 
the county of Walsh and be entitled "to one senator and 
three representatives. 

The fifth district shall consist of the townsnips of Gllby, 



' 



102 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Johnstawn, Strabane, Wheatfleld, Hegton, ArviUa, Avoiir 
Northwood, Lind, Grace, Larlmore and the city of Lari- 
more, Elm Grove, Agnes. Inkster, Elkmount, Oakwood, Ni- 
agara Moraine, Logan and Loretta, In the county of G<rand 
Forks and be entitled to one senatoir and two representa- 
tives. 

The sixth district shall consist of the Third, Fourth^ 
Fifth and Sixth wards 6f the city of Grand Forks, as now 
constituted, and the townships of Falconer, Harvey, Turtle 
River, Ferry, Rye, Blooming, Meokinock, Lakeville and Le- 
vant, In the county of Grand Forks, and be entitled to one 
senaitor and two representatives. 

The seventh district shall consist of the First and Second 
wards of the city of Grand Forks, as now constituted, and 
the townships of Grand Forks, Brenna, Oakville, Chester, 
Pleasant View, Fairfield, Allendale, Walle, Bentru, Ameri- 
cus, iMlichigan, Union and Washington, in the county of 
Grand Forks and ibe entitled to one senator and two repre- 
sentatives. 

The eighth district shall consist of the county of Traill 
and be entitled to one senator and four representatives. 

The ninth district shall consist of the township of Fargo 
and the city of Fargo, in the county of Cass, and the frac- 
tional township numiber 139 in range 48, and be entitled to 
one senator and two representatives. 

The tenth district shall consist of the townships of Noble, 
Wiser, Harwood, Reed, Barnes, Stanley, Pleasant, Ken- 
yon, Gardner, Berlin, Raymond, Mapleton, Warren. Nor- 
man, Elm River, Harmony, Durbin, Addison, Davenport, 
Casselton and the city of Casselton, in the county of Cass, 
and be entitled to one senator and three representatives. 

The eleventh district shall consist of the townships of 
Webster. Rush River, Hunter, Arthur, Amenia, EJvei-est^ 
Maple River, Leonard, Dows, Erie, Empire, Wheatland, Gill, 
Walburg, Watson, Page, Rich, Ayr, Buffalo, Howes, Eldred, 
Highland, Rochester, Lake, Cornell, Tower, Hill, Clifton 
and Pontiac, in the county of Cass, and be entitled to one 
senator and three representatives. 

The twelfth district shall consilst of the county of Rich- 
land and be entitled to one senator and three representa- 
tives. 

The thirteenth district shall consist of the county of Sar- 
gent, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The fourteenth district shall consist of the county of 
Ransom, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The fifteenth district shall consdst of the county of 
Barnes, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 103 



The sixteeatli dlfttrlct shell consist of the counttes of 
Steele and Griggs, and be entitled to one senator and two 
refpresentatlTes. 

The seventeenth district shall consist of the county of 
Nelson, and be entitled to one senator and one representa- 
tive. 

The eighteenth district ehall consist of the county of 
Cavalier, and be enitiUed to one sanator and two respresen- 
tatives 

The nineteenth district shall consist of the counties of 
Towner and Rolette, and be entitied to one senator and one 
represenitative. 

The twentieth district shall consist of the counties of 
Benson &d Pierce, and be entitled to one senator and two 
representatives. 

The twenty-first district shall consist of the county of 
Ramsey, and be entiUed to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The twenty-second district shall consist of the counties 
of Eddy, Foster and Wells, and be entitled to one senator 
and two representatives. 

The twenty^hird district shall consist of the county of 
Stutsman, and be entitled to one senator and two represen- 
tatives. 

The Ijwenty-fourth district shall consist of the county of 
LaMoure, and be entitled to one senator and one represent- 
ative. 

The twenty-fifth district shall consist of the county of 
Dickey, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The twenty-sixth district ahall consist of the coaatles of 
Dmmons, Mdntosh, Logan and Kidder, and be entitled ro 
one senator and two representatives. 

The twenty-seventh district shall consist of the couuly of 
Burleigh, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The twenty-eighth district shall consist of the counties 
of Bottineau and McHenry, and be entitled to one senator 
and one repfreeentatiire. 

The twenty-ninth district shall consist of the coumies 
of Ward and McLean and all the unorganized counties 
lying north of the Missouri river, and be entitled to ono 
senator and one representative. 

The thirtieth district shall consist of the counties of Mor- 
ton and Oliver and be entitled to one senator and two rep- 
resentatives. 



104 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

TThe thirty-first district shall consist of the counties of 
Mercer, Stark and Billings and all the unorganized couii- 
tiee lying south ol the Missouri river, and be entitled to 
one senator and one representative. 

Note.— Apportionment changed by law of 1901. 

AUTIOLE XIX.— Public Institutions. 

Sec. 215. The following public instituions of the state 
are permanently located at the places hereinafter uauied, 
each to have the lands specifically granted to it by the 
United States, in the act of congress, approved February 
22, 1889, to be disiposed of and used in such manner as the 
legislative aesem>bly may prescribe, subject to the limita- 
tions provided in the article on school and public lands 
contained in this constitution. 

First. The seat of government at the city of Bismarck 
in the county of Burleigh. 

Second.- The state university and the school of mines 
at the city of Grand Forks, in the county of Grand Forks. 

Third. The agricultural college at the city of Fargo, in 
the county of Cass. 

Fourth. A state normal school at the city of Valley 
City, in the county of Barnes; and the legislative as^mbly 
in apportioning the grant of eighty thousand acres of Isud 
for normal schools made lin the act of congress referred to 
shall grant to the said normal school at Valley City as 
aforementioned, fifty thousand (50,000) acres, pni said 
lands are hereby appropriated to said institution for that 
purpose. 

Fifth, The deaf and dumb asylum at the city of Devils 
Lake, in the county of Ramsey. 

Sixth. A state reform school at the city of Mandan, in 
the county of Mor'' m. 

Seventh. A state normal school at the ciiy of Mayville, 
in the county of Traill, and the legislative asseinhly in ap- 
portioning the grant of lands mad 3 by congn^s in the act 
aforesaid, for state normal schools, shall assign thirty 
thousand (30,000) acre to the institution hereby located 
at Mayville, and sail lands are hereby appropriated j'* r 
said purpose. 

Eighth. A state hospital for the insane and institution 
for the feeble minded in connection theiewith. at the city 
of Jamestown, in the county of Stutsman. And the legis- 
lative assembly shall appropriate twenty thouj*an'l acres of 
the grant of land made by the act of congress aforo.-.ail for 
"other educational and charitable institutions" to the ben- 
efit and for the endowment of saild institution. 

Sec. 216. The following named public institutions are 
hereby permanently located as hereinafter provided, each 
to have so much of the remaining grant of one hundred and 
seventy thousand acres of land made by the United States 



STATE OF IJORTH DAKOTA 105 



for **otiier educational and charltaible Institutions," as is 
allotted by low, viz: 

First. A soldiers' home, when located, or such other 
charitable institution as the legislative assembly may de- 
termine, at Lisbon, in the county of Ransom, with a grant 
of forty thousand acres of l«uid. 

Second. A blind asylum, or such other institution as the 
legislative assembly may determine, at such place In the 
<jounty of Pembina as the qualified electors of said county 
may determine at an election to be held as prescribed by 
the legislative assembly with a grant of thirty thousand 
acres. 

Third. An industrial school and school for manual 
training, or such other educational or charitable institu- 
tion as the legislative assembly may provide, at the town of 
Mlendale, in the county of Dickey, with a grant of forty 
thousand acres. 

Fourth. A school of forestry, or such other institution 
as the legislative assembly may determine, at such place in 
one of the counties of McHenry, Ward, Bottineau or Ro- 
lette, as the electors of said counties may determine by an 
election for that purpose, to be held as iprovided by the 
iegilslative assembly. 

Fifth. A scientific school, or such other educational or 
charitable institution as the l^islative assembly may pre- 
scribe, at the city of Wahpeton, county of Richland, with a 
grant of forty thousand acres; provided, that no other In- 
stitution of a character similar to any one of these located 
by this article shall be established or maintained without a 
Tevision <rf this constitution. 

ARTIOLB XX.— Prohibition. 

Sec. 217. No person, association or corporation shall 
within this state, manufacture for sale or gift, any intoxi- 
•catlng liquors, and no person, association or corporation 
shall imgjort any of the same for sale or gift, or keep or sell 
or offer the same for sale, or ^ft. barter or trade as a bev- 
erage. The legislative assembly shall by law prescribe 
regulatlone for the enfoicomeiit of the pirovisions of this 
a^rticle and shall thereby provide suitable penalties for the 
violation thereof. 

SCHEJDUIiEX 

Section 1. That no inconvenience may arise from a 
change of territorial government to state government, it 
Is declared that all writs, actions, pro»ecutions, claims and 
rights of individuals and bodies corporate shall continue as 
if no change of government had taken place, and all pro- 
•cesses which may, before the organization of the Judicial 



106 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

defpartment under this constitution, he issued under tha 
authority of tiie territory of Dakota, shall be as valid as it 
issued in the name of the state. 

Sec. 2. All laws now in force in the territory of Dakota, 
which are not reipni^^nant to this constitution, srhall remain 
in force until they expire by their own limitations or be 
altered or repealed. 

iSec. 3. All fines, penalties, forfeitures and escheats ac- 
cruing to the territory of Dakota shall accrue to the use of 
the states of North Dakota and South Dakota, and may be 
sued for and recovered by either of said states as necessity 
may require. 

Sec. 4. All recognizances, bonds, obligations or other un- 
dertakings, heretofore taken, or which may be taken before 
the organization of the judicial department under this con- 
stitution, shall Temain valid, and shall pass over to, and 
may be prosecuted in the name of the state; all bonds, obli- 
gations or other undertakiogs executed in this territory, or 
to any officer in his official capacity, shall pass over to the 
proper state authority, and to their successors in office, for 
the use therein respectively expressed, and may be sued for 
and recovered accordingly; all criminal prosecutions and 
penal actions, which have arisen or may arise before the 
organization of the judicial department, under this consti- 
tution, or which shall then be landing, may be prosecuted 
to judgment and execution In the name of the state. 

Sec. 5. All property, real and personal, and credits, 
claims and choses in action belonging to the territory of 
Dakota at the time of the adoption of this constitution, 
shall be vested in and become the property of the states of 
North Dakota and South Dakota. 

Sec. 6. Whenever any two of the judges of the supreme 
court of the state, elected under tbe provisions of this con- 
stitution, shall have qualified in their offices, the causes 
then pending in the suipreme court of the territory on ap- 
peal or writ of error from the district courts of any county 
or suibdivision within the ' limits of this state, and the 
papers, records and proceedings of said court shall pass 
into the jurisdiction and possession of the supreme court of 
the state, except as otherwise provided in the enabling act 
of congress, and until so superseded the supreme court of 
the territory and the judges thereof shall continue, with 
like powers and jurisdiction/ as if this constitution had not 
b^en adopted. Whenever the judge of the district court of 
any district elected under the provisions of this constitution 
shall have qualified in his office, the several causes then 
pending in the district court of the territory within any 
cofunty in such district, and the records, papers and. pro- 
ceedings of said district court, and the seal and other prop- 
erty pertaining thereto, shall pass into the jurisdiction and 



STATE OF. NORTH DAKOTA 107 

poesession of the district court of the sta4:e for audi county, 
except as provided In the enabling act of congress, and un- 
til the district courts of this territory shall be superseded In 
the manner aforesaid, the said district courts and the judges 
thereof shall continue with the same jurisdiction and power 
to be exercised tn the same judicial districts respectively as 
heretofore constituted under the laws of the territory. 

Sec. 7. Until otherwise provided by law, the seals now ia 
use in the supreme and district courts of this territory are 
hereby declared to be the seals of the supreme and district 
courts respectively of the state. 

Sec. 8. Whenever this constituion shall go into effect, 
the books, records and papers and proceedings of the pro- 
bate court in each county, and all causes and matters of 
administration and other matters pending therein, shall 
pass into the jurisdiction and possession of the county 
court of the same county, and the said county court shall 
proceed to final decree or judgment, order or other deter- 
mination in the said several matters and causes as the said 
probate court might have done if this constitution had not 
been adopted. And until the election and qualification ot 
the judges of the county courts 'provided for in this con 
stitution, the probate judges shall act as the judges of the 
county courts within their respective counties, and the seal 
of the probate court in each county shall be the seal of the 
county court therein until the said court shall have pro- 
cured a proper seal. 

Sec. 9. The terms "probate court" or "probate judge," 
whenever occurring in the statutes of the territory, shall, 
«ifter this constitution goes into effect, be held to apply to 
the county court or county judge. 

Sec. 10. All territorial, county and precinct officers, who 
may be in office at the time this constitution takes effect, 
whether holding tielr offices imder the authority of the 
United States or of the territory, shall hold and exercise 
their respective offices, and perform the duties thereof as 
prescribed in this consUtutioUi, until their successors shall 
ibe elected and qualified in accordance with the provisions 
of this constitution, and official bonds of all such officers 
shall continue in full force and effect as though this consti- 
tution had not been adopted; and such officers for their 
term of service, under this constitution, shall receive the 
same salaries and compensation as is by this constitution, 
or by the laws of the territory, provided for like officers; 
provided, that the county and precinct officers shall hold 
their offices for the term for which they were elected. 
There shall be elected 4n each organized county in this 
state, at the election to be held for the ratification of this 
constitution, a clerk of the district court, who shall hold 
his office under said election until his successor is duly 



108 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

■ — ■ — — : : z-~r: — : 

elected and qualified. Tlie judiges of the district court sliall 
•bave powefr to appoint states attorneys in any organized 
counties "whe^ no such attorneys have been elected, which 
appointment shall continue until the general election to be 
held in 1890, and until his successor is elected and qualified. 

<Sec. 11. This <constitution shall take -effect and be in full 
force immediately upon the admission of the territory as a 
state. 

Sec; 12. Immediately upon the adjournment of this con- 
vention the governor of the territory, or, in case of his ab- 
sence or failure to act, the secretary of the territory, or in 
case of his absence or failure to act, the president of the 
constitutional convention shall issue a proclamation, which 
shall be -published and a copy thereof miailed to the chair- 
man of the board of county commissioners of each county, 
calling an election by the people on the first Tuesday in 
October, 1889, of all the state and district officers created 
and made elective by this constitution. This constitution 
shall be submitted for adoption or rejection at such election 
to a vote of the eledtors qualified by the laws of this terri- 
tory to vote at all elections. At the election provided for 
herein the qualified voters shall vote directly for or against 
this constitution and for or against the article separately 
soibmltted. 

Sec. 13. The board of commissioners of the several coun- 
ties shall thereupon order such election for said day, and 
shall cause notice thereof to be given for the period of 
twenty days, in the manner provided by law. Every quali- 
fied elector of the territory, at the date of said election, 
shall be entitled to vote thereat. Said election shall be 
conducted in all respects in the same manner as -provided by 
the lajws of the territory for general elections, and the 
returns for all state and district officers, and members of 
the legislative assembly, shall be made to the canvassing 
board hereinafter provided for. 

Sec. 14. The governor, secretary and chief justice, or a 
majority of them, shall constitute a board of canvassers to 
canvass the vote of such election for all state and district 
officers and members of the legislative assembly. The said 
board shall assemble at the seat of government of the terri- 
tory on the fifteenth dajy after the day of such election (or 
on the following day if such day falls on Sunday), and pro- 
ceed to canvass the votes on the adoption of this constitu- 
tion and for all state and district officers and members of 
the legislative assembly In the manner provided by the 
laws of the territory for canvassing the vote for delegate to 
congress, and they shall issue ceitificates of election to the 
persons found to be elected to said offices severally, and 
shall make and file with the secretary of the territory an 
abstract certified by them, of the numiber of votes cast for 



STATB OF NORTH DAKOTA 10^ 

orr against the adoption of the constitution, and for each, 
peisonfor each of said offices, and of the total number of 
votes cast in each county. 

Sec. 15. All officers elected at such election shall, with- 
in sixty days after the date of the executive proclamation 
admitting the state of North Dakota* into the union, take 
the oath required by the constitution, and give the same 
band required by the law of the territory to be given in case 
of like officers of the territory and districts, and shall 
thereuipon, enter upon the duties of their respective offices,, 
but the legislative assembly may require by law all such 
officers to give other or further bonds as a condition of 
their continuance in office. 

Sec. 16. The judges of the district court who shall be 
elected at the election herein provided for shall hold their 
offices until the first Monday in January, 1893, and until 
their suoceesors are elected and qualified. All other state 
officers, except judges of the supreme court, who shall be 
elected at the election herein provided for, shall hold their 
offices until the first Monday in January, 1891, and until 
their successors Are elected and qualified. Until otherwise- 
provided by law the judges of the supreme court shall re- 
ceive for their services the salary of four thousand dollars 
per annum, payaible quarterly; and the district judges shall 
receive for their services the salary of three thousand dol- 
lars per annum, ixayable quarterly. 

Sec. 17. The governor-elect of the state Immediately 
upon his qualifying and entering upon the duties of his 
office shall issue his proclamation convening the legislative^ 
assembly of the state at the seat of government on a day to 
be named In said proclamation, and which shall not be less 
than fifteen nor more than forty days after the date of such 
proclamation. And said legislative assembly after organ- 
izinig shall proceed to elect two senators of the United 
States for the state of North Dakota; and at said election 
the two i>ersonB who shall receive a majority of all the votes 
cast by the said senators and representatives shall be- 
elected such United States senators. And the presiding 
officers of the senate and house of representatives shall 
each certify the election to the governor and secretary of 
the state of North Dakota; and the governor and secretary 
of state shall certify the election of such senators as pro- 
vided by law. 

Sec. 18. At the election herein provided for there shall 
be elected a representative to the fifty-first congress of the 
United States, by the electors of the state at large. 

Sec 19. It is hereft>y made the duty of the legislative as- 
sembly at its first session to provide for the payment of all 
debts and indebtedness authorized to be incurred by the- 



110 LEGISLATIVB MANUAL 

constitutional convention of North Dakota, which shall re- 
main unpaid after the appropiriatlon made by congress for 
the same shall have been exhausted. « 

Sec. 20. There shall be submitted at the same election 
at which this constitution is submitted for rejection or 
adoption, article 20, entitled "Prohibition," and persons 
who desire to vote for said article i^all have writj^n or 
printed on their ballots "For Prohibition," and all persons 
desiring to vote against said article shall have written or 
printed on their ballots ''Against Prohibition." If it shall 
appear according to the returns herein provided for that a 
majority of all the votes cast at said election for and against 
prohibition are for prohibition, then said article 20 shall 
be and form a part of this constitution and be in full force 
and effect as such from 'the date of the admission of this 
state into the union. But if a majority of said votesr shall 
appear according to said returns to be against prohibition, 
then said article 20 shall be null and void and shall not be 
a part of this constitution. 

Sec. 21. The agreement made by the joint commission of 
the constitutional conventions of North Dakota and South 
Dakota concerning the records, books and archives of the 
territory of Dakota is hereby ratified and confirmed: which 
aigreement is in the words following: That is to say — 

The following books, records and archives of the territory 
of Dakota shall be the property of North Dakota, to-wit: 
All records books and archives in the office of the governor 
and secretary of the territory (except records of articles of 
incorporation of domestic corporations, returns of election 
of delegates to the constitutional convention of 1889 for 
South Dakota, returns of elections held under the so-called 
local option larw, in counties within the limits of South Da- 
kota, bonds of notaries public appodnted for counties within 
the limits of South Dakota, papers relating to the organiz- 
ation of counties situate within the limits of South Dakota, 
all which records and archives are a part of the records and 
archives of said secretary's office; excepting, also, census 
returns from counties situate within the limits of South 
Dakota and papers relating to requisitions issued upon the 
application of officers of counties situate within the limits 
of South Dakota, all of which are a part of the records and 
archives of said governor's office). 

And the following records, books and archives shall also 
be the property of the state of North Dakota, to-wit: 
Vouchers in the office or custody of the auditor of this ter- 
ritory relating to expenditures on account of public insti- 
tutions, grounds or buildings situate within the limits of 
North Dakota One warrant register in the office of the 
treasurer of the territory — being a record of warrants 
issued under and by virtue of chapter 24 of the laws enacted 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 111 



by the eighteenth legislative assembly of Dakota territory. 
All letters, receipts and vouchers in the same office now filed 
by counties and pertaining to counties within the limits of 
North Dakota. Paid and cancelled coupons In the same 
office representing interest on bonds which said state of 
North Dakota is to assume and pay. Reports of gross 
earnings of the year 1888 in the same office, made by corpo- 
rations operating lines of railroad situated wholly or 
mainly within the limits of North Dakota. Records and 
papers of the office of the public examiner of the second 
district of the territory. Records and papers of the office 
of the distriot board of agriculture. Records and papers in 
the office of the board of pharmacy of the District of North 
Dakota. 

All records, books and archives of the territory of Dakota 
which it is not herein agreed shall be the property of North 
Dakota, shall be the property of South Dakota. 

The following books shall be copied and the copies shall 
be the property of North Dakota, and the cost of such 
copies shall be borne equally by said states of North Dakota 
and South Dakota. That is to say: 

Appropriation ledger for years ending November, 1889-90 
— one volume. 

The auditor's current warrant register — one volume. 

Insurance record for 1889 — one volume. 

Treasurer's cash book — "D." 

Assessment ledger — "B." 

Dakota territory bond register — one volume. 

Treasurer's current ledgeiv— one volume. 

The originals of the foregoing volumes which are to be 
copied shall at any time after such copying shall have been 
completed be delivered on demand to the proper authori- 
ties of the state of South Dakota. 

All other records, books and archives, which it is hereby 
agreed shall be the property of South Dakota, shall remain 
at the capitol of North Dakota until demanded by the legis- 
lature of the State of South Dakota, and until the state of 
North Dakota shall have had a reasonable time alter such 
demand is made to provide copies or abstracts of such por- 
tions thereof as the said state of North Dakota may desire 
to h*ve copies or aibstracts of. 

The state of South Dakota may also provide copies or ab- 
stracts of such records, boaks and archives, which it is 
agreed shall be the property of North Dakota, as said state 
of South Dakota shall desire to have copies T>r abstracts of. 

The expense of all copies< or abstracts of rcords, books, 
and archives which it is herein agreed may be made, shall 
be borne equally by said two states. 



112 LBGISLATIVB MANUAIi -^ 

Sec. 22. Should the counti^ containiDig lands which form 
a part of the grant of lands made by congress to the North- 
ern Pacific railroad company, be compelled by law to refund 
moneys paid for such lands or any of them by purchasers 
thereof at tax sales thereof, based upon taxes illegally 
levied upon said lands, then and In that case the state of 
North Dakota shall appropriate the sum of twenty-five 
thousand dollars ($25,000) or so much thereof as may be 
necessary to reimburse said counties for the amount so re- 
ceived from said illegal tax sales and paid by said counties 
into the treasury of Dakota territory. 

Sec. 23. This constitution shall after its enrollment be 
signed by the president of this convention and the chief 
iclerk thereof, and such delegates as desire to sign the same, 
57hereu}pon it shall be deposited in the office of the secre- 
tary of the territory, where it may be signed at any time 
by any delegate who shall be prevented from signing the 
same for any reason at the time of the adjournment of this 
convention. 

Sec. 24. In case the territorial officers of the territory of 
Dakota, or any of them who are now required by law to 
report to the governor of the territory, annually or bien- 
nially, shall prepare and publish such reports covering the 
transactions of their offices up to the time of the admission 
of the state of North Dakota Into the union, the legislative 
assembly shall make sufficient appropriations to pay one- 
half of the cost of such publication. 

Sec. 25. The governor and secretary of the territory are 
hereby authorized to make arrangements for the meeting 
of the first legislative assembly, and the Inauguration of 
the state government. 

Sec. 26. The legislative assembly shall provide for the 
editing and for the publication. In an independent volume, 
of this constitution, as soon as it shall take effect, and 
whenever it shall be altered or amended, and shall cause to 
be published in the same volume the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, the constitution of the United States and the 
Enabling Act. 

Done at Bismarck, Dakota, in open convention, this 
17th day of August, A. D. 1889. 

P. B. FANCHBR, 

President 
JOHN G. HAMILTON, Chief Clerk. 

Note.— Names of signers appear on another page of this volume. 



AMENDMENTS TO CONSTITUTION. 



ARTICLE I. 



The legislative assembly shall have no power to author- 
ize lotteries or gift enterprises for any purpose and shall 
pass laws to prohibit the sale of lottery or gift enterprise 
tickets. 

ARTICLE II. 

Sec. 121. Every niaJe person of the age of twenty-one 
years or upwards, belonging to either of the following 
classes, who^ shall have resided in the state for- one year and 
In the county six months, and in the (precinct ninety days 
next preceding any election, shall be a qualified elector at 
such election. 

First— Citizens of the United States. 

Second — Civilized persons of Indian descent who shall 
ihave severed their tribal relations two years next preceding 
such election. 

Sec. 127. No person who is under guardianship, non 
compos mentis or insane shall be qualified to vote 
at any election; nor any person convicted of treason or fel- 
ony, unless restored to civil rights; and the legislature shall 
by law establish an educational test as a qualification, and 
may prescribe penalties for failing, neglecting or refusing 
to vote at any general election. 

ARTICLE III. 

Sec. 76. The governor shall have "power in conjunction 
with the board of pardons, of which the governor shall be 
ex-officio a member and the other members of which shall 
consist of the attorney general of the State of North Da- 
kota, the chief justice of the supreme court of the state of 
North Dakota, and two qualified electors who shall be ap- 
pointed by the governor, to remit fines and forfeitures, to 
grant reprieves, commutations and pardons after oonvic 
tion for all offenses except treason and cases of impeach- 
ment; but the legislative assemby may by law regulate, 
the manner in which the remission of fines, pardons, com- 
mutations and reprieves may be applied for. Upon con- 
viction of treason the governor shall have the power to sus- 
pend the execution of sentence until the case shall be re- 



1X4 LEGISLATIVE BiANUAL 

ported to the legislative assemibly at its next regular ses- 
sion, 'When the legislatiye aseembly shall either pardon or 
commiite the sentence, direct the execution of the sentence 
or grant further reprieve. The governor shall communicate 
to the legislative assembly at each regular session each 
case of remission of fine, reprieve, commutation or pardon 
granted by the board of pardons, stating the name of the 
convict, the crime for which he Is convicted, the sentence 
and its date and the date of remission, commutation, par- 
don or retprieve, with their raasons for granting the same. 

AJITIOLE IV. 

Sec. 179. All property, except as hereinafter in this sec- 
tion provided, shall be assessed in the county, city, town- 
ship, village or district in which it is situated, in the man- 
ner prescribed by law. The franchise, roadway, roadbed, 
rails and rolling stock of all lailroads, and the franchise 
and all other property of all express comipanles, freigpht line 
companies, car equipment companies, sleeping car compan- 
ies, dining car companies, telegraph or telephone com- 
panies or corporations operated in this state and used 
-directly or indirectly in the carrying of persons, property 
or messages, shall be assessed by the state board of equal- 
ization at their actual value, and such assessed value shall 
be apiportioned to the counties, cities, towns, villages, 
townships and districts in which, such railroad companies, 
express companies, sleeping car companies, dining car 
•companies, telegraph and teleipihone companies are located, 
-or through which they are operated, as a basis for the tax- 
ation of such property, in proportion to the number of 
miles of such property, within suioh counties, cities, towns, 
Tillages, townships and districts, or over which any pan 
of such property fs used or operated within such counties, 
towns, villages, townships and districts. But should any 
railroad allow any portion of its road-way to be used for any 
purpose other than the operation of a railroad thereon, such 
portion of its roadway, while so used, shall be assessed in 
the manner provided for the assessment of other real 
property. 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



lis 



TERRITORIAL AND LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS 



FROM THE 



Organization of Dakota Territory, z86i. 



TERRITORIAI4 OFFICERS. 



Delegates to Congress. 



In its twenty-eight years of existence as a territory, there were 
<lelegates to congress as follows: 



J. B. S. Todd 1862-64 1 

W. A. Burleigh 1864-69 

S. la. Spink 1869-71 

M. K. Armstrong 1871-75 

J. P. Kidder 1875-79 



G. G. Bennett 1879-81 

R. F. Pettigrew 1881-83 

J. B. Raymond 1883-85 

Oscar S. Qlfford 1886-88 

Geo. A. Mathews 1888-89 



Note— Geo. A. Mathews was elected delegate to congress In 
November, 1888, his term to commence March 4, 1899. Congrss 
did not convene until December following. Before that time state- 
hood had been accomplished and he was therefore never sworn In. 

Governors. 



William Jayne 1861-63 

Kewton Edmtinds 1863-66 

Andrew J. Faulk 1866-69 

John A. Burbank 1869-74 

John Li. Pennington 1874-78 



♦♦ William A. Howard ..1878-80 

Nehemiah G. Ordway 1880-84 

Gilbert A. Pierce 1884-S7 

Louis K. Church 1887-89 

Arthur C. Melette 1889 



Secretaries. 



John Hutchinson 1861-65 

S. L. Spink 1865-69 

T. M. WUkins 1869-70 

G. A. Batchelder 1870-72 

•E. 8. McCook 1872-78 



Oscar Whitney 1878-74 

Geo. H. Hand 1874-83 

J. M. Teller 1883-86 

Michael L. McCormack... 1886-89 
Li. B. Richardson 1889 



Chief .Justices. 



Philemon Bliss 1861-64 

Ara Bartlett 1865-69 

George W. French 1869-73 



Peter C. Shannon 1873-81 

A. J. Bdgerton 1881-85 

BarUett Tripp 1885-89 



^Assassinated In office September, 1873, by Peter P. Wintermute 
•^led in Office, April 10, 1880. 



116 



LBGISLiATIVE MANUAL. 



Associate Justices. 



B. P. Wmiston 1861-65 

J. S. Williams 1861-64 

Ara Bartlett 1864-65 

W. E. aieason .s 3865-66 

J. P. Kidder 1865-.75 

J. W. Boyle 1864-69 

W. W. ^rooklngs 1869-73 

A. H. Barnes 1873-81 

G. G. Bennett 1875-79 

Q. C. Moody 1878 83 

(b) J. P. Kidder 1878-83 

C. S. Palmer 1883-87 

S. A. Hudson 1881-85 



(c) W. E. Church 1883-86 

(c) Louis K. Church 1885-87 

(a) Seward Smith 1884-84 

W. H. Francis 1884-88 

John E. Garland 1887-89 

Wm. B. McConnell 1885-88 

Charles M. Thomas 1886-8^ 

James Spencer 1887-89 

Roderick Rose 1888-89 

C. P. Templeton 1888-8^ 

L. W. Crofoot 1S88-8'J 

Frank R. Aikens 18S9 



United States Attorneys, 



Wm. B. Gleason 1861-64 

George H. Hand 1866-6) 

Warren Coles 1869-73 

(b) William Pound 1873-77 



Hugh J. Campbell 1877-85^ 

John E. Garland 1885-88 

Wm. E. Purcell 1888-89 

ohn Murphy 1889 



United States Marshals. 



Wm. p. Shaffer 1861-61 

G. M. Pinney 1861-65 

X.. H. Litchfie:d 1865-72 

J. H. Burdlck 1872-77 



J. B. Raymond 1877-81 

Harrison Allen 1881-85 

Daniel W. Maratta 1885-89- 



Surveyors General. 



Geo. D. Hill 1861-65 

Wm. Tripp 18''5-69 

W. H. H. Beadle 1869-73 

Wm. P. Dewey 1873-77 



Henry Experson 1877-81 

Cortez Fessenden 1881-85 

Maris Taylor 1885-89 

B. H. Sullivan 1889 



Attorney Generals. 

Alexander Hughes 1883-84 I Charles F. Templeton .. .1887-» 

Geo. H. Rice 1884-86 1 Tristram Skinner 1889 

Qeo. S. Engle 1886 Johnson NIckeus 1889 



Auditors. 



L. M. Purdy ... 
Geo. L. Ordway 
E. W. Caldwell 



.1881-82 
,1883-84 
.1885-86 



James A. Ward 1887-8» 

J. C. McNamarra 1889 



Treasurers. 



J. O. Taylor 1863-64 

M. K. Armstrong 1865-68 

T. K. Hovey 1869-70 

— . — . Sherman 1871-74 

John Clementson 1875-77 

(a) Suspended— went insane. 

(b) Died In Office. 

(c) Resigned. 



W. H. McVay 1878-83 

J. W. Raymond 1883-87 

J. D. Lawler 1887-85 

Jos. Bailey 1889 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



117 



Superintendents of Public Instruction 



James S Foster (ex-offlclo)186i-68 
T. McKendrlck Stuart... 1869 

James S. Poster 1869-70 

J. W. Turner 1870-71 

B. W. Miller 1872-74 

J. J. Mclntyre 1876-76 



W. B. Caton 1877-78 

W. H. H. Beadle 1879-85 

A. Sheridan Jones 1885-87 

Eugene A. Dye 1887-89 

Leonard A. Rose 1889 



Commissioners of Railroads. 



Wm. M. Evens, chairman) 

Alexander Griggs > 1886 

W. H. McVay ) 

Alexander Griggs, cbrmn. ) 

A. Boynton >• 1887 

N. T. Smith ) 



Judson LaMoure, ch'rman 

John H. King 

Harvey J. Rice 



( 



1880 



THE LEGISLATURE. 



First Session— 1862. 

The members of the first 'territorial assembly were elected Sept. 
16, 1861. The assembly convened at Yankton, March 17, 1862, and 
continued in session until May 15. The membership was as follows: 



H. D. Betts, 
J. W. Boyle, 
D. T. Bramble, 



CounciL 

John H. Shober, President. 

W. W. Brookings, J. S. Gregory, 
A. Cole, Enos Stutsman, 

Jacob Deuel, 

House. 



Qeo. M. Plnney, Speaker. 

Moses K. Armstrong Chistopher Maloney, Hugh S. Donaldson, 

Lyman Burgess, A. W. Pluett, Reuben Wallace, 

J. A. Jacobson, John Stanage, George P. Waldron, 

John C. McBride, John L. Tiernon B. E. Wood. 

Second Session— 1862-3. 

The second legislature met at Yankton, Dec. 1, 1862, and contfnued 
in session until Jan. 9, 1863. The membership was as follows: 

Council. 

Bnos Stutsman, President. 

W. W. Brookings, Jacob Deuel, J. H. Shober, 

Austin Cole, D. T. Bramble, J. Shaw Gregory, 

John W. Boyle, J. McFetrldge, H. D. Betts, 



118 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



House. 

*A. J. Harlan, Speaker. 

M. K. Armstrong, Edward Oiflord, Kun6 Larson, 

L. Bothun, J A. Jacobson, F. D. Pease, 

J. T. Buckman, R. M. Johnson, A. W. Plnett, 

H. S. Donaldson, G. P. Waldron, N. J. Wallace. 
M. H. Somers, 

^Resigned December 16tb, and succeeded by M. K. Armstrong. 

Third Session— 1863-4. 

The third session convened at Yankton, Dec. 7, 1863, and coir^ 
tinned to Jan. 15, 1864. It had the following members: 

Council, 

Enos Stutsman, President. 

J. M. Stone, John Mathers, D. P. Bradford, 

G. W. ICingsbory, Lasse Bothun, J. Shaw Gregory, 

J. O. Taylor, Hugh Compton, John J. Thompson, 

M. M. Rich, Franklin Taylor, 

House. 

A. W. Puett, Speaker. 

H. Burgess, L. H. Litchfield, Peter Kegan, 

Ole Bottolfson, W. W, Brookings, N. G. Curtis, 

E. M. Bond,^ Knud Larson, - Asa Mattison, 

Wm. Shriner, Washington Reed, B. A. Hill, 

G. W. Pratt, P. H. RisUng, Duncan Ross, 

John Lawrence, .E. W. Wall, Albert Grore, 

Henry Brooks, Jessy Wherry, 

Fourth Session — 1864-5. 

The fourth session met at Yankton Dec. 6, 1864, and continued 
to Jan. 13, 1865., The membership was as follows: 

Council. 

Enos Stutsman, President. 

J. M. Stone, John Mathers, D. P. Bradford, 

G. W. Kingsbury, Lasse Bothun, J. Shaw Gregory, 

J. O. Taylor, Hugh Compton, John J. Thompson, 

M. M. Rich, Franklin Taylor, 

, House. 

W. W. Brookings, Speaker. 

H. Burgess, Geo. W. Kellogg, G. W. Pratt, 

J. P. Burgman, P. Lemouges,' Washington Reed, 

A. Christy. John Lawrence, John Rouse, 

B. W. Collar, M. M. Matthlesen, William Shriner, 
Felicia Fallas, Helge Matthews, George Stickney, 
J. R. Hanson, Francis McCarthy, John W. Turner, 
Peter Kegan. John W. Owens, E. W. Wall, 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



119 



Fifth Session— 1865-6, 

The fifth session conrened at Yankton Dec. 4, 1865, and continue! 
to Jan. 12, 1866. It had the following members: 

Council. 

George Stickney, President. 

M. E:. Armstrong, Nathaniel Ross, John W. Turner, 

Austin Cole, Enos Stutsman, A. L. VanOsdel, 

G. W. Kingsbury, 0. F. Stevens, ICnud Weeks. 

Chas. LaBreeche, John J. Thoi£pson, 

House, 

G. B. Blgelow, Speaker. 



T. C. Watson, 
E. C. Collins, 
William Walter, 
Michael Curry, 
Michael Ryan, 
James Whltehom. 
H. J. Austin, 
Amos Hampton, 



Franklin Taylor, 
James McHenry, 
Joseph Ellis, 
A. M. English, 
Jacob Branch, 
H. C. Ash, 
S. C. Fargo, 
W. W. Brookings, 



Jonathan Brown, 
J. A. Lewis, 
Chas. H. McCarthy, 
William Stevens, 
Edward Lent, 
Geo. W. Kellogg, 
Charles Cooper, 



Sis^th Session — 1866-7. 



The sixth session convened at Yankton, Dec. 4, 1866, and contin- 
ued to Jan. 12, 1867. The membership was as follows: 



Austin Cole, 

A. G. Fuller, 

G. W. Kingsbury, 

Chas. LaBreeche, 



Council. 

M. K. Armstrong, President. 

J. A. Lewis, John J. Thompson, 

D. M. Ellis, John W. Turner, 

Nathaniel Ross, A. L. ViEinOsdel, 

O. F. Stevens, Knute Weeks, 



H. C. Ash, 
Horace J. Austin, 
D. T. Bramble, 
W. N. CoUamer, 
Michael Curry, 
Hugh Fraley. 
Thomas Frlck, 
I. T. Gore. 



House. 

J. B. S. Todd, Speaker. 

William Gray, 
Tans Gunderson, 
M. U. Hoyt, 
Daniel Hodgen, 
Amon Hanson, 
H. M. Johnson, 
Geo. W. Kellogg, 
Vincent La Belle 



Chas. McCarthy, 
N. C. Stevens, 
Willifim Stevens, 
John Trumbo, 
Franklin Taylor, 
Eli B. Wixson, 
Kirwln Wilson, 



Seventh Session — 1867-8. 

Convened at Yankton, Dec. 2, 1867, and adjourned Jan. 10, 1868. 
The membership was as follows: 

Council. 

^ Horace J. Austin, President. 

W. W. Brookings, Hugh Fraley, J. A. Lewis, 

W. W. Benedict, R. R. Green, Chas. H. Mclntyre, 

Aaron Carpenter, A. H. Hampton, D. M. Mills. 

R. L Thomas, Geo. W. Kellogg, C. F. Rossteucher, 



120 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



House. 

Enos Stutsman, Speaker. 



William Blair, 
William Brady, 
F. Bronson, 
Jacob Brauch, 
Jonathan Brown, 
Caleb Cnmmings, 
Michael Curry, 
F. J. De Witt. 



Martin V, Harris, 
Felicia Fallas, 
I. T. Gore, 
Hans Gunderson, 
Amos Hanson, 
M. U. Hoyt, 
John L. Jolley, 
Jam^ Kegan, 



G. C. Moody, 
T. Nelson, 
Michael Ryan, 
Calvin G. Shaw, 
John J. Thompson, 
J. D. Tucker, 
Thomas C. Watson, 



Eighth Session— 1868-9. 



Convened at Yankton Dec. 7, 1868, and adjourned Jan. 15, 1869. 
It had the following membership: 



Council. 

N. J. Wallace, Persldent. 



Horace J. Watson, 
W. W. Benedict, 
W. W. Brookings, 
Aaron Carpenter, 



Alfred 
Chas. 
Q. P. 
Calvin 
Jacob 
John 
N. G. 
J. M. 



Abbott, 
D. Bradley, 
Bennett, 

M. Brooks, 

Branch, 
Clementson, 

Curtis, 

Eves, 



Hugh Fraley, 
R. R. Green, 
A. N. Hampton, 
Geo. W. Kellogg, 

House, 

G. C. Moody, Speaker. 

J. Shaw Gregory, 
J. T. Hewlett, 
O. T. Hagg:n, 
John L. Jolley, 
A. W. Jameson, 
Hiram Keith, 
James Kegan, 
Lawis Larson, 



J. A. Lewis, 
Chas. H. Mclntyre, 
C. F. Rossteucher, 
B. E. Wood. 



Knud Larson, 
J. La Roche, 
Joseph Moulin, 
Charles RIcker, 
Enos Stutsman, 
M. H. Somers, 
R. T. Vinson, 



Ninth Session— 1870-71. 



Convened at Yankton Dec. 5, 1870, and continued to Jan. 13, 
1871. The membership was as follows: 



M. K. Armstrong, 
Jacob Branch, 
Wf. M. Cuppett, 
Hugh Fraley, 



Council. 

Emery Morris, President. 

Silas W. Kidder, W. T. McKay, 

Nelson Miner, James M. Stone, 

Chas. H. Mclntyre, John W. Turner. 

J. C. Kennedy. ) 



House. 

George H. Hand, Speaker. 



Charles Allen, 
V. R. L. Barnes, 
F. J. Cross, 
C. P. Dow, 
A. P. Harmon, 
John Hancock, 
Wm. Hobrough, 
O. B. Iverson, 



H. A. Jerauld, 
James Kegan, 
J. La Rocne, 
Nelson Learned, 
A. J. Mills. 
E. Min^r, 
Noah Wherry, 



R. Mostow, 
S. L. Parker, 
Amos F. Shaw, 
Philip Sherman, 
John C. Sinclair, 
Ole Sampson, 
E. W. Wall, 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



121 



Tenth Session— 1872-3. 

The tenth sess'on met at Yankton, Dec. 2, 1872, and continued to 
Jan. 10, 1873. It had the following membership: 

Council. 

Alexander Hughes, President. 

D. T. Bramb'e, John Lawrence, Chas. H. Mclntyr^ 

E. B. Crew, Nelson Miner, O. F. Stevens, 
H. P. Cooley, Joseph Mason, Enos Stutsman, 

J. Pllck, J. Gehan, Henry Smith, 

Hotise, 

A. J. Mills, Speaker. 

James Hyde, 
Cyrus Knapp, 
T. A. Kingsbury, 
Judson LaMoure. 
E. A. Williams. 
Ephralm Miner. 
George Norbeck, 
Joseph Roberts, 
A. B. Wheelock, 



-Samuel Ashmore, 
Ole Bottolfson, 
John Becker, 
Jacob Branch, 
Newton Clark, 
N. B. Campbell 
Michael Glynn, 
^William Hamilton, 



O. C. Peterson, 
Jens Peterson, 
Silas Rohr. 
Martin Trygstadt, 
J. W. Turner, 
John Thompson, 
B. E. Wood, 
W. P. Lyman, 



Eleventh Session— 1874-5. 

Convened at Yankton Dec. 7, 1874, and adjourned Jan. 15, 1875. 
The membership was as follows: 



Cotmcil, 

John L. JoUey, President. 



H. J. Austin, 
Jacob Branch, 
Philip Chandler, 
Benton Praley, 



H. O. Anderson, 
•George Bosworth, 
Hector Bruce, 
J. L. Berry, 
L. Bothun, 
Michael Curry, 
Desire Chausse, 
J. M. Cleland. 



G. W. Harlan, 
John Lawrence, 
Ai McHench, 
M. Pace. 

Hotise, 

G. C. Moody, Speaker. 

Patrick Hand, 
John H. Haas, 
Knud Larson, 
Joseph Zitka, 
H. N. Luce, 
W. T. McKay, 
Henry Reifsnyder, 
Amos F. Shaw, 
C. H. Stearns, 



M. W. Sheafe, 
O. F. Stevens, 
C. S. West, 
E. A. Williams, 



Ira Ellis,, 
L. Sampson, 
S. Sevenson, 
A. L. VanOsdel, 
M. M. Williams, 
Scott Wright, 
James M. Wohl, 
O. B. Larson, 



Twelfth Session— 1877. 



Convened at Yankton Jan. 9, 1877, and continued to Feb. 17, 1877. 
It had the following membership: 



Henry S. Back, 
M. W. Bailey, 
^Wm. Duncan, 
Hans Gunderson, 



Council. 

W. A. Burleigh, President. 

Judson LaMoure, R. F. Pettigrew, 

Nelson Miner, J. A. Potter, 

A. J. Mills, C. B. Valentine, 

Robert Wilson, J. A. Wallace. 



122 



LBGISI1A.TIVE MANUAL 



J. 


M. 


Adams, 


A. 


L. 


Boe, 


H. 


A. 


Burke, 


•J. 


Q. 


Burbank, 


W. 


H 


. H. Beadle, 


T. 


S. 


Clarkson, 


G. 


s. 


S. Codington, 


W. 


F. 


Dunham, 


♦Awarded the seat 


of 


the 


session. 



House, 

D. C. Hagle, Speaker. 

A. 6. Hopkins, 
M. O. Hexom, 

E. Hackett, 
D. M. Inman. 
Erick Iverson, 
Chas. Maywold, 

F. M. Ziebach, 
Hans Myron, 
John Selberg, 

of D. M. Kelliher on 



John Falde, 
D. Stewart, 
Asa Sargent, 
John Tucker, 
BYanklin Taylor, 
John Thompson, 
C. H. VanTassel, 
S. Soderstrom, 

the twenty-ninth day 



Thirteenth Session — 1879. 

Convened at Yankton and continued in session from Jan. 14 ta 
Feb. 22, 1879. The following was the membership: 

Council. 

Gteorge H. Walsh, President. 

Wm. M. Cuppett, W. L. Kuykendall, S. G. Roberts, 

M. H. Day, Nelson Miner, Silas Hohr, 

Ira Ellis, Robert Macnider, C. B. Valentine, 

Newton Edmunds. R. F. Pettlgrew, H. B. Wynn. 

House. 

John R Jackson, Speaker. 

Nathan'l C. Whitfield Michael Shely, 

Ole A. HelTlg, A. Simonson, 

O. I. Hoseboe, James H. Stephens, 

A, Hoyt, D. Stewart, 

S. A. Johnson, Martin M. Trygstadt 

John Langness, E. C. Walton, 

A. Manksch, J. F. Weber, 

J. M. Peterson, Canute Weeks, 

Fourteenth Session — 1881. 



Alfred Brown, 
J. Q. Burbank, 
P. N. Cross, 
D, W. Flick, 
A. B. Fockler, 
John R. Gamble, 
Ansley Gray, 
Hans Gunderson, 
Peter J. Hoyer, 



Convened at Yankton and continued in session from Jan. U to- 
March 7, 1881. The membership was as follows: 



M. H. Day, 
Ira W. Fisher, 
John R. Gamble, 
John L. JoUey, 



Council, 

George H. Walsh, President. 

J. A. J. Martin, John Walsh, 

J. O'B. Scobey, G. W. Wlggin, 

Amos F. Shaw, John R. Wilson. 
J. F. Wallace, 



James Baynes, 

F. J. Cross, 

G. H. Dickey, 
Li. B. French, 
C. B. Kennedy, 
P. Landmann, 
J. H. Miller, 
Knud Nomland. 



House, 

J. A. Harding, Speaker. 

V. P. Thielman, 
A. Thome, 
P. Warner, 
S. A. Boyles, 
W. H. Donaldson, 
E. EUefson, 
John D. Hale, 
D. M. Inman. 



Judson LaMoure. 
S. McBratney, 
I. Moore, 
S. Rohr, 

D. Thompson, 

A. Li. Van Osdel,. 

E. P. Wells, 



STATE OF NORTH DAUOTA 



123 



Fifteenth Session— 1883. 

Convened at Yankton Jan. 9, and continued to Marcli 9, 1883. 
The following was the membership: 

Council. 

J. O'B. Scobey, President. 

F. N. Burdtck. S. G. Roberts, Geo. H. Walsh, 

J. R. Jackson, H. J. Jerauld, J. Nlckens, 

F. M. Zleback, Wm. P. Dewey, B. McCauley, 

F. J. Washabangh, B. H. Mcintosh, 



House. 

E. A. Williams, Speaker. 



Ira Ellis, 
M. C. Tychsen, 
John Thompson, 
W. B. Robinson, 
R. C. McAllister, 
F. P. Phillips, 
Geo. W. Sterling, 
W. A. Heinhart; 



E. M. Bowman, 
G. P. Harvey, 
D. M. Inman, 
H. Van Woert, 
J. B. Wynn, 
B. R. Wagner, 
John C. Pyatt, 
George Rice, 



Wm. H. Lamb, 
J. W. Nowlln, 
A, A. Chotean, 
O. M. Towneri 
B. W. Benson, 
L. J. Alfred, 
N. E. Nelson, 



Sixteenth Session— 1885. 



Convened at Bismarck Jan. 13, and continued to March 13, 1885, 
The membership was as follows: 



CounciL 

J. .H. Westover, President. 



A. C. Huetson, 
Wm. Duncan, 
John R. Gamble, 

A. Sheridan Jones, 

B. R. Wagner, 
A. M. Bowdle, 
R. F. Pettigrew, 
Geo. R. Farmer, 



Ole Helvig, 
John Larson, 
Eli Dawson, 
Hans Myron, 
A. L. Van Osdel, 
Hugh Langan, 
J. P. Ward, 
J. H. Swanton, 
A. J. Parshall, 
Mark Ward, 
C. E. Huston, 
H. M. Clark, 
P. la. Runkel, 
J. M. Bayard, 
H. W. Smith, 
W. H. Ridden, 



H. H. Natwlck, 
C. H. Cameron, 
J. P. Day, 
A. B. Smedley, 
V. P. Kennedy, 

F. J. Washabaugh, 
S. P. Wells, 
Charles Richardson, 

House. 

Greorge Rice, Speaker. 

John Hobart, 
J. C. Southwick, 
V. V. Barnes, 
J. A. Pickler, 
J. T. Blackmore, 

G. W. Pierce, 
M. L. Miller. 
G. H. Johnson, 
M. T. DeWoody, 

E. Huntington, 

F. A^ Eldredge, 
A. L. Sprague, 
E. M. Martin, 
H. M. Gregg, 
A. McCall. 

E A. Williams, 



J. Nickeus, 

C. D. Austin, 

D. H. Twomey. 
Gko. H. Walsh, 
John Flittie, 
Judson LaMoure, 
P. J. McLaughlin, 



W. F. Steele, 
Henry W. Coe, 
J. Stevens, 
S. E. Stebbins, 
P. J. McCumber, 
H. S. Oliver, 
T. M. Pugh, 
E. T. Hutchinson. 
W. N, Roach, 

C. W. Morgan, 
J. W. Scott. 

D. Stewart, 
H. Stong, 

H. H. Ruger, 
P. McHugh, 



124 



LEGISLiATIVB MANUAIi 



SeTenteenth Session— 1887. 

Convened at Bismarck Jan. 11 and con tinned to March 11, 18S7. 
The membersliip was as follows: 

Council. 



George A. Mattliews, President. 



Boger Allin, 
^Wm. T. Collins, 
John Cain, 
W. E. Dodge, 
B. W. Foster, 
Melvin Grigsby, 
Alevander Hughes, 
T. M. Martin, 



P. J. McCumber, 
C. H. Sheldon, 
E. G. Smith, 
J. S. Welser, 
T. O. Bogart, 
A. W. Campbell, 
P. C. Donovan, 
E. C. Ericson, 



H. Galloway, 
G. A. Harstad, 
J. D. Liawler, 
C. D. Mead, 
E. T. Sheldon, 
E. J. Washabangh, 
S. P. We:is, 



House. 



George G. Crose, Speaker. 



Pred H. Adams, 
John Bidlake, 
J. W. Burnham, 
D. S. Dodds, 
Thomas S. Elliott, 
D. W. Ensign, 
J. H. Fletcher, 
F. Greene, 
A. A. Harklns, 
C. B. Hubbard, 
J. G. Jones, 
James M. Moore, 
T. F. Mentzer, 

C. I. Miltimore, 
John D. Patton, 

D. F. Royer, 



J. Schnaidt, 
F. M. Shook, 

D. Stewart, 

E. W. TerriU, 
J. V. White, 
Wilson Wise, 
Li. O. Wyman, 
Frank H. Aikens, 
W. N. Berry, 

A. M. Cqok, 
M. H. Cooper, 
John R. Dutch, 
John A. Ely, 
Wm. H. Fellows, 
J. T. Gilbert, 
Wm. Gleridening. 



W. J. Hawk, 
John Hobart, 
R. McDonell, 
F. A. Morris, 
H. J. Mallory, 
J. H. Patten, 
A. J. Pruitt, 
W. R. Ruggles, 

D. W Sprague, 

A. S. Stewart, 

B. H. Sullivan,' 
Chas. B. Williams, 
James P. Ward, 

E. A. Williams, 
John Wolzmuth, 



Eighteenth Session— 1889. 



Convened at Bismarck Jan. 8, and adjourned March 9, 1899. The 
was the last territorial assembly. The membership was as follows: 



Council. 



Smith Stimmel, President. 



Roger Allin, 
Irenus Atkinson, 
Peter Cameron, 

A. W. Campbell, 
M. H. Cooper, 
Coe. I. Crawford; 
Robert Dollard, 

B. C. Ericson, 



S. L. Glaspell, 
James Halley, 
G. A. Harstad, 
Alexander Hughes, 
Robert Lowry, 
Hugh McDonald, 
John Miller, 
J. H. Patten, 



David W. Poindexter, 
Joseph C. Ryan, 
C. A. Sorderburg, 
George H. Walsh. 
F. J. Washabaugh, 
James A. Woolheiser, 
A. L. Van Osdel, 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



12S 



F. H. Adams, 
Frank R. Aikens, 
Joseph Allen. 
C. H. Baldwin, 
R. li. Bennett, 
E. H. Bergman, 
B. F. Bixter. 
J. W. Bnmham, 
A. D. Clark, 
J. B. CcM>ke, 
T. A. Douglas, 
Thomas Elliott, 
J. H. Fletcher, 
J. M. Greene, 
A. J. Qronna, 
S. P. Howell, 



House. 

Hosmer H. Keith, Speaker. 



Harrry F. Hunter, 
J. Q. Jones, 
I. S. Lampman, 
W. S. Logan, 
Frank LilUbridge, 
H. J. Mal.ory, 
P. McHugh, 
Edwin McNeil, 
C. J. Miller. 
F. A. Morris, 
C. C. Newman, 
P. P. Palmer, 
A. L. Patridge, 
H. S. Parkin, 
John D. Patton, 
O. C. Potter, 



D. M. Powell, 
M. M. Price, 
Wm. Ramsdel), 
D. F. Royer, 
G. W. Ryan, 
H. H. Sheet9 
J. O. Smith, 
W. E. Swanston, 

C. J. Trude, 
John Turnbull, 
N. Upham, 

O. R. Van Btten,. 
J. B .Welcome, 

D. R. Wellman,. 
J. V. White. 



126 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



OFFICERS AND MEMBERS 



OF THB 

Constitutional Convention, 1889. 
{Convened at Bismarck, July 4; adjonrned Angost 17, 1889.) 

OFFICERS: 

President— P. B. Pancher. 

Cliief Clerk— J. G. Hamilton. 

Enrolling and EIngrossing Clerk— C. C. Bowsfield. 

Sergeant-at-Armft— B^ed Falley. 

Watchman— J. S. Weiser. 

Messenger— E. W. Knight. 

Chaplain — Greo. Kline. z 

Official Stenographer— R. M. Tottle. 

Official Printer— M. H. Jewell. 

MEMBERS: 



, Name. County. 

Allin, Roger Walsh 

Almen, John Magnus . . .Walsh 
Appleton, Albert F., Pembina 

Bean, Therow W Nelson 

Bell, James Walsh 

Bennett, Richard, Grand iForks 

Bartlett, Lorenzo D Dickey 

Bartlett, David Griggs 

Best, William D Pembina 

Brown, Charles V Wells 

Blewett, Andrew Stutsman 

Budge, William ...Grand Forks 

Camp, Edgar W Stutsman 

Chalfee, Eben Whitney ..Cass 
Carland, John Emmett Burleigh 
Carothers, Charles Grand Forks 

Clark, Horace M Eddy 

Clapp, William J Cass 

Colton, Joseph L Ward 

Douglas, James A Walsh 

Elliott, Elmer E Barnes 

Fancher, Frederick B Stutsman 

Fay, George H Mcintosh 

Flemington, A'ex D.... Dickey 
Gayton. Jas Bennett, Emmons 
Glick, Benjamin Rush, Cavalier 

Gray, Enos Cass 

Griggs, Alexander Grand Forks 

Harris, Harvey Burleigh 

Haugen, Arne P. .Grand Forks 

Hegge, Marthlnus F Traill 

H(^M, Herbert L Penbi a 

Hoyt, Albert W Morton 

Johnson, Martin N Nelson 

I^auder, William 8.... Richland 

Leech, Addison Cass 

Lowell, Jacob Cass 

Linwell. Martin V.Grand Forjts 



Name. County. 

Lohnes, Edward H Ramsey 

Marrinan, Michael K.... Walsh 

Mathews, J. H. Grand Forks 

Meecham, Olney G Foster 

McBride, John Cavalier 

Miller, Henry Foster Cass 

Moer, Samuel H LaMoure 

McKenzIe, James D Sargeat 

McHugh, Patrick Cavalier 

Noble, Virgil B Bottineau 

Nomland, Knud J Tra'U 

O'Brien, James F Ramsey 

Parsons, Curtis P Rolette 

Parsons, Albert Samuel, Morton 

Paulson, Engebret M Traill 

Petersen, Henry M Cass 

Pollock, Robert M ,.t Cass 

Powers, John Sargent 

Powles, Joseph Cavalier 

Purcell, William E ...Richland 

Ray, Will'am Stark 

Richardson, Robert B, Pembina 
Robertson, Alexander B, Walsh 
Rolfe, Eugene Strong ..Benson 

Rowe, William H Dickey 

Sandager, Andrew Ransom 

Shuman, John Sargent 

Scott, John W Barnes 

Selby, John F Traill 

Slotten, Andrew Richland 

Spalding, Burleigh Folsom.Cass 
Stevens, Reuben N ....Ransom 

Turner, Ezra Bottineau 

Wallace, Elmer D Steele 

Whipple, Abram Olin... Ramsey 

Welfwood, Jay Barnes 

Williams, Erastus A... Burleigh 



STATISTICS SINCE STATEHOOD 



1889. 



n» — X- 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



129 



STATE OFFICERS SINCE STATEHOOD. 

Since admission the state of North Dakota has htyl the fol- 
lowing state ofllcers: 

Governors. 

(F'rst State officers qiialifled November 4, 1889.) 

?ohn Miller 1889-90 1 ♦Frank A. Briggs 1897-98 

Andrew H. Burke 1891-92 | (a) Josepa M. Devlne 1898 

(b) Ell C. D. Shortridge. .1893-94 I Frederick B. Fancher 1899-00 

Roger Allin 189&-96 | Frank White 1901-02 

I Frank White 1903 

♦Died In office July, 1898. 

(a) Served out unexpired term of Governor Br.'ggs. 

Lieutenant Governors, 

Alfred M. Dickey .:...... 1899-90 | Joseph M. Devlne 1897-98 

Roger AUn 1891-92 | Joseph M. Devlne 1899-00 

(b) Mmer D Wallace ..1893-94 1 David Bartlett 1901-02 

John H. Worst 1895-96 I David Bartlett 1903 



Secretaries ol State, 



John Fllttle 1889-92 

Christian M. Dahl 1893-96 

Fred Falley 1897-98 



Fred Falley 1899-00 

E. P. Porter 1901-02 

E. F. Porter 1903 



Auditors, 



•John P. Bray 1889-92 

(a) Archie Currle 1892 

(b) A. W. Porter 1893-94 

Frank A. Briggs 1895-96 

* Resigned. 

(a) Appointed to fill vacancy, September 10, 1892. 



N. B. Hannum 1897-98 

A. N. Carlblom 1899-CO 

A. N. Carlblom 1901-02 

H. L. Holmes 1903 



Treasurers. 



U E. Booker 1889-92 

(b) Knud J. Nomland.... 1893-94 

George E. Nichols 1895-96 

peorge E. Nichols 1897-98 



D. W. DrlscoU 1899-00 

D .H. McMillan 1901-02 

D. H. McMillan 1903 



Attorney Generals, 



George F. Goodwin 1889-90 

C. A. M. Spencer 1891-92 

(b) W. H. Standlsh 1893-94 

John F. Cowan 1895-96 



John F. Cowan ....1897-98 

John F. Cowan 1899-00 

O. D. Comstock 1901-02 

C. N. Frich 1903 



Superintendents of Public Instruction. 



John G. Halland 1897-98 

John G. Halland 1899-00 

Joseph M. Devlne 1901-02 

W. D. Stockwell 1903 



♦William Mitchell 1899-90 

*W. J. Clapp 1890 

John Ogden 1891-92 

(b) Laura J. Eisenhuth .1893-94 
Emma B. Bates ... 1895-96 I 

•William Mitchell died March 10, 1890, and W. J. Clapp was 
appointed to fill the unexpired term. 

(b) Democrats— all others republicans. 



130 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Commissioners of Agriculture and Labor. 

H. T. Helgesen 1889-92 

(b)*Nelson Williams 1893-94 

A. H. Laughlin 1895-96 

H. U. Thomas 1897-98 

♦Appointed; Adams, who was elected, failed to qualify. 

Commissioners of Insurance. 



H. 


XJ. Thomas 


1899-00 


R. 


J. Turner 


1931-02 


R. 


J. Turner 


1903 



A. L. Carey 1889-92 

(b) James Cuddle 1893-94 

^red. B. Fancher 1895-96 

Fred B. Fancher 1897-98 



George W. Harrison 1899-00 

Ferdinand Leutz 1901-02 

Ferdinand Leutz 1903 



Commissioners of Railroads. 



Geo. S. Montgomery .-,.. ) 

T. S. UnderhUI V1889-90 

Bavld Bartlett ) 

Geo. H. Walsh / 

•George Harmon [-1891-92 

Andrew Slotten J 

(b) Peter Cameron ) 

<b) Ben Stevens > 1893-94 

(b) Nels P. Rasmussen.. ) 

John W. Currie j 

John Wamberg > 1895-96 

"Geo. H. Keyes 






Geo. H. Keyes ) 

L. L. Walton H897-98 

J. R. Gibson ) 

John Simons / 

L. L. Walton .^1899-00 

Heney Erickson ) 

J. F. Shea ) 

J. F. Youngblood [-1901-02 

C. J. Lord ) 

J. F. Shea 

C. J. Lord J.li03- 

A Schatz 



(„, 



Judges of Supreme Court. 



At the first state elect'on, October 1889, Guy C. H. Corliss, Al- 
fred Wallin and Joseph M. Bartholomew were elected judges of 
the supreme court for terms, respectively, three, five and seven 
years, and by lot it was determined that Judge Corliss should 
serve the three years term, Judge Bartholomew for five years and 
Judge Wallin for seven years. Each served and others have been 
elected as follows: 

Guy C. H. Corliss, of Grand Forks, for the term of s'x years 
-commencing December, 1893. 

J. M. Bartholomew, of LaMoure, for the term of six years 
commencing December, 1895. 

Alfred Wallin, of Fargo, for the term of six years commenc- 
ing December, 1897. 

N. C. Young, of Fargo, for the term of s'x years commencing 
December, 1898. 

Judge Guy C. H. Corliss resigned 1898 and N. C. Young was 
appointed to fill the unexpired term, and then elected in 1898. 

(b) David Morgan of Devils Lake, for the term of six years 
^mmencing December, 1900. 

John M. Cochrane, of Grand Forks, for the term of six years, 
commencing December, 1902. 

JUDGES OF DISTRICT COURTS. 

Terms Expire 

First District— (b) Charles F. Templeton 1896 

First District— (b) Charles J. Fisk 1906 

Second District— (b) David E. Morgan 1900 

Second District— John Cowan 19?6 

Third District— (b) Wm. B. McConnell 1896 

Third District— Charles A. Pollock 1906 

Fourth District— W. S. Lauder 1906 

Fifth District— (b) Roderick Rose 1896 

Fifth District— S. L. Glaspell 1906 

Sixth District— W. H. Winchester 1906 

Seventh Dlstrlct-O. E. Sauter 1900 

Seventh District— W. J. Kneeshaw 1906 

(b) Democrats— all others republicans. 



'C-.- 1 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



131 



LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLIES SINCE STATEHOOD. 

First Session— 1889-90. 



Convened Nov. 19, 1889, and adjourned March 18, 1900. The mem- 
bership was as follows: 

Senate. 

Uentenant Governor Alfred Dickey, President. 
C. C. Bowsfield, Secretary. 



Jndson LaMoure, 
♦A. F. Appleton, 
Roger Allin. 
^James H. Bell, 
J. Ei. Stevens, 
•M. L. McComiack, 
Oeo. B. Wlnshlp, 
W. H. Robinson, 
John F. Haggart, 
H. J. Rowe, 



MEMBERS. 

•H. R. Hartman, 
Andrew Slotten, 
Andrew Helgeson, 
Andrew Sandager, 
Samuel A. Fisher, 
J. O. Smith, 

D. S. Dodds, 
•John McBrlde, 
♦R. D. Cowan, 

E. Li. Teager, 
W. E. Swanston, 

House. 



F. a. Barlow, 
Bailey Fuller, 
H. S. Delsem, 
•M. E. Randa'l, 
J. H. Worst, 
C. B. Little, 
Anton Svensrud, 
E H. Belyea, 
George Harmon, 
N. C. Lawrence, 



David B. Wellman, Speaker. 
J. G. Hamilton, Chief Clerk. 



John H. Watt, 
R. B. Richs^rdsDn, 
•H. L. Norton, 
John Stadleman, 
John H. McCuUough, 
A. N. Foss, 
John Montgomery, 
A. O. Haugerud, 
' Alex Thomson, 
Franklin Estabrook, 
Nels Tangberg, 
Geo. H. Walsh, 
♦L. F. Zimmer^ 
A. P. Haugen, 
Ole T. Gronll, 
Roderick J. Johnson, 
♦O. T. Jahr, 
J. F. Selby, 
H. H. Strom, 

E. S. Tyler, 

F. J. Thompson, 



MEMBERS. 

Eli D. Mclntyre, 
N. B. Plnkham, 
John O. Bye, 
H. D. Court, 
Frank J. Langer, 
W. W. Beard, 
R H Hankinson, 
R. N. Ink, 
A. O. Heglie, 
E. W. Bowen, 
W. S. Buchanan, 
R. N. Stevens, 
J. L. Green, 
Duncan McDonald, 
C. J. Christianson, 
W. H. H. Roney, 
Chris Balkan, , 
Ole E. Olsgard, 
•W, H. Murphy, 
•F. R. Renaud, 
James Brittin. 



G. E. Ingebretsen, Jr. 
D. P. Thomas, 
James McCormick, 

C. A. Currier, 

D. B. Wellman, 
Luther L. Walton, 
•Geo. Lutz, 

John Milsted, 
L. A. Ueland, 
W. B. Allen, 
A. T. Cole, , 
Geo. W. Lilly, 
W. L. Belden, 

E. A. Williams, 
Geo. W. Rawllngs, 
James Reed, 

A. C. Nedrud, 
A. W. Hoyt. 
P. B. Wickham, 
C. C. Moore, 



^Democrats— all others republican. 



132 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Second Session — 1891-3, 

Convened Jan. 6, 1891, and adjourned March 6. The member- 
ship was as follows: 

Senate, 

Lieutenant Governor Roger AlUn, President. 
C. C. Bowsfleld, Secretary. 



Judson LaMoure, 
J. L. Cashel. 
♦John Bjorgo, 
N. B. Plnkham, 
(a)Magnu8 Nelson, 
F. G. Enger, 
Andrew Bisbee, 
♦J. M. Patch, 
David P. Kuhn. 
Anton Svensrud, 



MEMBERS. 

•S. B. Brynjolfson, 
H. F. Arnold, 
Roderick Johnson, 

A. H. Lowry, 
*M. L. Engle, 

(r) S. Svennungsen, 
Frank Palmer, 

B. W. Fuller, 
J. H. Wors^ 
James Johnson, 
A. C. McGilllvray, 

House, 



John Almen, 
•M. L. McCormack, 
John Haggart, 
R. N. Ink, 
J. S. Welser, 
*John Bidlake, 
James McCormickp. 
•B M. Kinter, 
C. B. Little, 
Jos. Miller, 



W. B. Allen, Speaker. 
J. G. Hamilton, Chief Clerk. 



♦Patrick Morgan, 

Jacob Graber, 

♦Chas Ebbighausen, 

C. A. Burton, 

Jos. C. Colosky, 

O. S Wallin, 

A. Hanson, 

E. H. Holte, 

G N. Smith, 

♦Peter S Larson, 

(a) John E. Hodgson (a) K. Peabody, 



MEMBERS. 

S. L. Haight, 
A. N. Foss, 
♦E. E. Daily, 
G. G. Beardsley, 
W. H. Brown, 
Louis Thompson, 
A. L. Loomis, 
D. C. Tufts, 
J. C. Gill, 
♦J. W. Cope, 



L. C. Hill, 
W. J Skinner, 
•Fred Dennett, 
L. P. Havrevold, 
H. A. Noltimier, 
•Geo. Lutz, 
W. B. Allen, 
G. H. Fay, 
John A. Davis, 
Wm. McKendry, 



C. J. Christianson, 
(a) W. T. McCulloch 
♦Die Axvlg, 
Chas. A. Erickson, 
L. L. Walton, 
♦E. T Kearney, 
John S Richie , 
Wm. Oscar Ward, 
John Satterlund, 
•J. A. Farrah, 



Arnie Bjornson, 
♦James Douglas, 
♦W. H. Daniel, 
♦M. F. Williams, 
♦D C. Cunnlnghanv 
H. H. Strom, 
George Osgood, 
H. M. Peterson, 
J. Moody Watson^ 
♦M. N. Triplett, 
Harry S. Oliver, 
Frank White, 
(a) J. P. Lamb» 
♦John Burke, 
♦J. V. Brooke, 
♦Ralph Ha:i, 
Geo. K. Loring,. 
Chas, Fiske, 
Fred Holrltz, 



♦Democrats. 

(a) Independents and Farmers' Alliance. 

All others republicans. 

Extra Session. 

The second legislative assembly met tn special session Jnne- 
1 to June 3, 1892, inclusive, for the purpose of passing acts provid- 
ing for the election of presidential electors and state, district ar.d 
county officers; to create a state board of canvassers; to govern 
contests In election of presidential electors; to make appropriation 
for North Dakota exhibit and building at World's Fair. 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



133 



Third Session— 1894. 



Conyened Jan. 3, 1S93, and adjourned March 3, 1893. 



Senate, 



Lieutenant Governor Elmer D. Wallace, President. 
Fred Falley, Secretary. 



Judson LaMoure, 
*S. B. Brynjolfson, 
<a) William HiUIer, 
J. L. Cashel, 
H. F, Arnold, 
*M L. McCtormack, 
John A Sorley, 
John Haggart, 
Hoderick Johnson. 
3^, B. Plnkham, 

♦Democrats, (a) 



MEMBERS. 

R. N. Ink, 

(a) Rich«ird McCarten 
•M L. Engle, 
Frank White, 
F. C. Enger, 
(a) J. P. Lamb, 
•John BIdlake, 
•John Burke, 
Frank Palmer, 
E. P. Day, 
E. Young, 
Independents. All others 



•J M. Patch, 
Bailey Fuller, 
*F M. Klnter, 
(a) J. W. Stevens, 
J H. Worst, 
C. B. Little, 
Anton Svensrud, 
Charles Gregory, 
Joseph Miller, 
A C. McGilllvray, 

republican. 



House, 

George H. Walsh, Speaker. 
J. H. Hamilton, Chief Clerk. 



♦P. J. Horgau, 
♦BenJ. Jame^, 
=*Robert Thexton, 
♦F. A. Hol'day, 
(a) N. H. Rinde, 
(a) K. P. Levang, 
'^. Ebbighaus:n. 
•William R. Johnston 
♦William O'Keefe. 
"•Andrew Johnson, 
J. Dexter Pierce, 
•Geo. H. Walsh, 
(a) Lewis Thompson, 
<9) W. T. MeCul och, 
(a) S. M. Lee, 
*F. W. McLean, 
♦Charles W. Plain, 
♦D, W. McCanna, 
Li. p. HavrevoM, 
Ti H. Oksendahl, 
E. H. Lohnes, 



MEMBERS. 

Thomas Halvctrson, 
J B. Wlneman, 
Arne P. Haugen, 
H. D. Hurley, 
H. H. Strom, 
L. H. Larson, 
O. S. Wallin, 
H. C. Southard, 
Seth Newman, 
D. C. Tufts, 
Elling Severson, 
B. F. Ritter. 
(a) P. Kelly, 
•A. C. Sanford, 
•Ralph Hall, . 
George Wright, 
O. A. Boynton, 
(a) L. A. Ueland» 
(a) Geo. W. Towers 
(a) J. W. Caldwell, 
J. H. Wishek, 



Geo, S. Churchill, 
J. B. McArhtur, 
Samuel Bullard, 

•Borger Hallum, 
•John N. Dean, 
A. V. Benedict, 
(&) John B. Hodgson 
(a> Theo. Johnson, 
Harry S. Oliver, 
(a) Thos. M. Elliott, 
(a) Hans O. Hagen, 
(a) John Logan, 
W. F. Cochrane, 
Wm. A. Bentley, 
John Yegen, 
John A. Davis, 
John Satterlund, 
J. S. Veeder, 
, Lor is Burkhart, 
L. A. Simpson, 



♦Democrats, (a) Independents. All others republican. 



-J .^ 



134 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



< Fourth Session— 1895. 

Conyened January 8, 1895, and adjonrned March 8, 1895. 

Senate. 

Lieutenant Governor John H. Worst, President. 
Fred, Falley, Secretary. 



Judson LaMoure, 
(a) James Dobie. 
(a) William Hllller, 
George Clark, 
iH. F. Arnold, 
Frank Vlets, 
J. A. Sorley, 
H. H. Strom, 
John Hasrgart, 
D. p. Tufts, 



MEMBERS. 

A. V. Benedict, 
(a) R. McCarten, 
/Patrick H. Rourke, 
Frank White, 
F. G. Enger, 
.(a) J. P. Lamb, 
♦Chas. W. Plain, 
•John Burke, 
C. G. Brown, 
E. P. Day, 
E. Young, 



•Democrats. 

(a) Independents and populists. 

All others republican. 



D. F. Davis, 
Bailey Fuller, 
Charles N. Valentine^ 
(a) J. W. Stevens, 
John H. Wishek, 
C. B. Little, 
A. L. Hanscom, 
C. B. Gregory, 
H. S. Parkin, 
A. C. McGillivray, 



House, 

James C. Gill, Speaker. 
J. M. Devine, Chief Clerk. 



(a) Jas. T. Blacklock, 
♦Patrick Horgan, 
(a) Stephen Eyolfson, 
•Thomas Guinan, 
(a) N. H. Rinde, 
A, H. Kellogg, 
Ole A. Rod, 
George Hill, 
Wm, Fleming, 
Joseph A. Myers, 
Peter N. Korsmo, 
Jos. Colosky, 
NicQlai Swenson, 
Rollin C. Cooper, 
Linn B. Raj, 
•John Flack, 
•James Jennings, 
A. B. McDonald, 
C. L. Lindstrom, 
O. T. Tofsrud, 
R, J. Walker, 



MEMBERS. 

W. B. Wood, 
J. B. Wineman, 
Henry Hancock, 
Peter Herbrandson, 
John I. Lerom, 
T. E. Nelson, 
O. S. Wallin, 
A. W. Edwards, 
E. S. Tyler, 
N. A. Colby, 
T. Twicheli, 
E. Gilbertson, 
Frank H. Prosser, 
Chas. McLachlan, 
Ed. F. Porter, 
J. J. Nierling, 
E. J. Gleason, 
J. B. Sharpe, 
(a) Andrew Smith, 
(a) F . W. Brainard, 
H. A. Armstrong, 



J. C. Gill, 
L. B. Hanna, 

E. C. Sargent, 
Eric Stafne, 
James Purdon, 

F. L. Dwyer, 

(a) John E. Hodgson,, 
(a) John Cry an, 
Erlck Gunderson, 
Morris F. Brown, 
•Nels P. Rasmussen^ 
(a) John Logan 
Geo. S. Roberts, 
Thomas Richards, 
M. Spangberg, 
Anton Svensrud, ' 
John S. Murphy, 
Herman Kroeger,. 
Fred Hdiitz, 
L. A. Simpson* 



•Democrats. 

(a) Independents and populists. 

All others republican. 



STATE OP, NORTH DAKOTA 



135 



Fifth Session— 1897. 

Convened Jan. 5, 1897, adjourned March 5 ,1897. 

Senate, 

Lieutenant Governor Joseph M. Devine, President. 

C. B. Little, President pro tempore. 

(b) J. C. Gill, Secretary. 

MEiMBERS. 



Name. Post Office 

Jndson LaMoure Pembina 

♦James Dobie Tyner 

•K. P. Levang ... Park River 

Greorge Clark Forest River 

Horace F. Arnold . . . Larimore 
Frank Vlets ... Grand Forks 
W. A. Gtordon ....Grand Forks 

H. H. Strom Hillsboro 

J. E. Haggart B^rgo 

D. C. Tufts Argusvllle 

L. B. Hanna Page 

A. V. Benedict ....Lidgerwood 

•R. lillcCarten Cogswell 

Patrick H. Rourke > Lisbon 

Frank White Valley City 

F. G. Enger Portland 

* Fusionists. (a) Democrats 



(b) Died January 9; succeeded by J. O. Smith. 

House. 



Name. Post Office 

•Charles Dunlap Lakota 

(a) Chas. W. Plain Milton 

(a) D. W. McCanna Cando 

C. G. Brown Mlnnewaukon 

*H. M. Creel Devils Lake 

D. P. Davis Cathay 

B. W. Fuller Jamestown 

Chas. N. Va:entine.... LaMoure 

Thos. F. Marshall Oakes 

John H. Wishek Ashley 

C. B. Little Bismarck 

A. L. Hanscom Towner 

Wm. E. Mansfield Minot 

John S. Greene Mandan 

A. C. McGillivray ...Dickinson 

All others republican. 



Name. 



John D. Wallace Drayton 

•Alexander Duncan Bi uce 

H. N. Joy Hamilton 

•Thomas Guinan Hensel 

•Jas. J. Dougherty, Park River 
•David E. Towle ...Park River 

•Julius Wirkus ...Minto 

•Charles Ebbighausen ..Grafton 

•K. O. Brotnov Grafton 

Peter N. Korsmo ..North wood 

John McConnachie Inkster 

William B. Wood. .Grand Forks 

James Ryan Grand Forks 

Frank Gaulke Thompson 

Andrew Offerdahl ..North wood 

H. M, Williams B'anchard 

S. N. Heskln Portland 

H. D. Hurley Duane 

Gunder Howard Hillsboro 

O. W. Francis Fargo 

•E. E. Cole Fargo 

N. A. Colby Grandin 

Egbert Gilbertson Hickson 

T. Twlchell Mapleton 

W. J. Hawk Buffalo 

B. C. Sargent Amenia 

R. B. Boyd Wheatland 

James B. Power Power 

John S. Johnson Christine 

R. H. Hankinson ....Hankinson 
♦John Cryan Genesea 



Erastus A. Williams, Speaker. 
Henry E. Lavayea, Chief Clerk. 
MEMBERS. 
Post Office Name. 



Post Office 



•John Carlin Havana 

Robert J. Mitchell Sheldon 

E. S. Lovelace' Ft. Ransom 

George W. Earl Oriska 

•W. H. McPherson, Valley City 
Nicolai Swenson . . . Cooperstown 

L. C. (Joplerud Sherbrooke 

•Samuel S. Aas Aneta 

•J. B. Boyd Langdon 

•John Butterwick Milton 

•Ole Sy vertson Dunseith 

C. L. Lindstrom Oberon 

C. A. Erlckson Rugby 

Chas. A. Currier Crary 

•A. G. Tanton Devils Lake 

B. F. Porter Melville 

H. Peoples New Rockford 

John MbGinnIs Jamestown 

•Frank A. Lenz Jamestown 

J. B. Sharpe Kulm 

Theo. Northrop EUendale 

Eugene F. Dunton ...EUendale 

Wesley Baker Livonia 

Wm. L. Belden Napoleon 

E. A. Williams Bismarck 

Thos. Richards McKenzie 

F. M. Hammond ...Willow City 

John 9. Murphy Minot 

Herman Kroeger ....New Salem 
Donald Stevenson . . . Stevenson 
Alfred White Medora 



•Fusion democrats and independents. All others republican. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



(.1) P 
A- I 



Sixtb SetsioD— 1899. 

ConvBued Jannary 3, 1899, adjonrned March 3, IS99. 

Senate. 

L :e II tenaut Governor Joseph M. Devine, Presldeiit. 

A. C. UfGlllIvrnr. Pteaiaent pro tempore. 

J. O. Smith, Secretary. 

MBMBEBS. 

Post ORlca 
■iBD Danlap Michigan Oty 

Haw Hanoab 

McCanna Cando 

s Mlnnewaukan 

!reel .... Deylls Lake 

!T MelvlUe 

Puller Jamestown 

Iharpe Kalm 

Marshall Oakea 

Baker LiTona 

Little Bliinarck 

B. Noble Bottineau 

Mansfield MInot 

McDou^al Mandan 

McGilUvray . , .Dlcklason 

ivers (a> Fusion holdovers. 
* uBiuuiBis elected In 1S9S. All others republican. 

House. 



Thomi 



. Baker 



J. D, Wallat_ 

W, J. Watts Hydepork 



John O. Hamilton, Chief Clerk. 
MEMBERS. 
Post Omee 



„ _, Towle Park River 

•W. R. Johnston ..Forest River 
•Heury Ferris Ardoch 



B. Tufle Northwoocl 

. W. OlSBgow ..Niagara 

D. Bacun Grand Forks 

ex, Slewart Manvel 

. IStli-kson Heynolda 



Post Office 



a C. 8wiU*on Port'and 

W. 1). Allen Par— 

Thos. Haket, Ir Far 

Q. W. Wolbert Casaelt 

'. P. Chaeey Harw 



T. L. Taylor . . _._ 

T. J. Dwire Bnalevale 

A. H, Laashlln .Lisbon 

G. W, Earl Tower City 

D. N. Green Valley City 

C. Wlnslow Golden Idke 

M. B. Cassell Clifford 

'S. S. Aas Aneta 

H. McLean Hannah 

S. BTger Olga 

W. Clarke Bolla 

J. Mlchels Graham's Island 

F. T. Qronvold Barton 

Henry Hale DeTl!8 Late 

H. T. Ugland Crary 

E. B. Thitmpaon Sheyenne 

H. J. Miner Sykeston 

C. A. Sanford Courtenay 

O. McHnrs Jamestown 

'~ S. Delaem Grand Raplda 

1 Kennedy . «-..— 



..Norm 



. .Wheatia 



N. O. 

E. C. Sargent ... 

R. P, Boyd 

W. W. Tousley , . 

M. LviU'h Udjterwc 

A. W. Thomaa Seymt 

J, a-Johnson Chrtstl 



. Gulack Ashley 



• Fuali 



All others 1 



BUbertson Towner 

P. Lee Mlnot 

Stevenson StevenaoB 

L. Engelter New Saleu 

lAih Dickinson 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 137 

Seventh Session— zpoi. 

Convened Jan. 8, 1901; adjourned March 8, ISOl. 

Senate. 

Lieutenant Governor David Bartlett, President. 

President Pro tempore— Judson LaMoure. 
Secretary— George L. Townes. 
Assistant Secretary— I. O. Moe. 
Assistant to Secretary— P. R. Rogn'ie. 
Sergeant-at-Arms— W. H. Brown. 
Doorlceeper— A. M. Greenfield. 
Journal Clerk— Mrs. J. M. Brown. 
Assistant Journal Clerlc^Miss Katherine Co'eman. 
Chief Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk— L. D. McGahan. 
Bill Clerk— 0:af Holton. 
Stenographer— R. M. Tuttle. 
Messenger— Wm. Warren. 
Postmaster— Ed. Parrett. 
Watchman— B. Schmidt. 
Clerk of Judiciary Committee — Geo. Gibson. 
Chaplain— Rev. A A. Joss. 
Proofreader— M. E. Shirley. 
Bill Room Clerk— Alex. Louden. 

Pages— Clarence McLean, Shed Lambert, Grant Call, Jos. Hare, 
Wm. Pollock. 

MEMBERS. 

Dist. Name County Post Office 

1 r Judson LaMoure Pembina Pembina 

2 rh James Fuller Pembina Crystal 

3 f O. E. Lofthus Walsh Park River 

4 fh J. L. Cashel Walsh Grafton 

5 r H. E. Lavayea Grand Forks Larimore 

6 f h M. F. Murphy Grand Forks Grand Forks 

7 r J. D. Taylor ." Grand Forks Grand Forks 

8 rh F. W. Ames Traill Mayville 

9 r R. S. Lewis Cass Fargo 

10 r G. W. Wolbert Cass Casselton 

U r F. S. Talcott Cass ' Buffalo 

J2 rh A. Slotten Richland Wahpeton 

13 r J. F. Devlin Sargent Cavuga 

14 rh R. C. Sanborn Ransom Lisbon 

15 r A. B. Cox Barnes ...: Valley City 

16 rh R. C. Cooper Griargs Cooperstown 

17 r I. Swenson Nelson Aneta 

18 rh W. A. Laidlaw Cavalier Hannah 

19 r Wm. Clarke Rolette * Rolla 

20 rh O. I. Hegfire Benson Minnewaukan 

Si r Henry Hale Ramsey Devils Lake 

t2 T H. J. Miller Wells Bowden 

^ f M. D. Williams Ftutsman Jamestown 

24 rh J. B. Sharpe LaMoure Kulm 

25 f O. E. Geer Dickey Ellendale 

-X rh W. Baker E3mmons Livonia 

27 r C. B. Little Burleigh Bismarck 

28 fh V. B. Noble Bottineau Bottineau 

29 r M. Jacobson Ward Mlnot 

30 fh J. A. McDougal Morton Mandan 

2L r L. A. Simpson Stark Dickinson 

r, republican; f, fusion: rh, republican holdover; fh, fu ion holdover 



KH LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



St^renth Session— 190Z.— Continued. 

House. 

R, M. Pollock, Speaker. 

Chief CHerk— Joseph Scanlan. 
.Uslstant ClJtief Clerk— W. D. Austin. 
Aatistant to Assistant Chief Clerk— B. W. Shaw." 
atigetiut at Arms— Thomas Harrison. 
Jourual Clerk— Wm. Surerus. 

Chief EnroUinjr and Engrossing Clerk— W. E, Clark. 
Bill Clerk— E, E. Ellis. 
Stenographer— Miss Bessie Waggoner. 
Messenger— Burton L. Weld. 
Po at master— C, Lisk. 
Duorkeeper— James Flanagan. 
Watchman— A, B. Stedman. 
Clerk of Judiciary Committee— A. M. Baldwin. 
Chaplain— Rev, R. T. Guernsey. 

Pages— Arthur Mason, Chester Erstrom, Leo Horner, Kirk 
Nuyea. 

MEMBERS.. 

DIat. Name. County Post Office 

1 W. J. Watts Pembina Hyde Park 

1 I. J. Chevalier Pembina .-Bathgate 

2 E, H. Restemayer Pembina CavaTTer 

2 J. Thordarson Pembina Hensel 

3 B. R. Swarthout Walsh Park River 

3 ♦A. Dlckaon Walsh Conway 

4 ♦a R. GulUkson Walsh Grafton 

4 John Miller Walsh Minto 

4 ♦J. H. Parr Walsh Grafton 

5 R. L. Bennett Grand Porks Inkster 

5 T. B. Tufte Grand Forks Northwood 

6 J. D. Bacon Grand Forks Grand Forks 

6 *J, P. Galbraith Grand Forks Grand Forks 

7 Chas. Briabln Grand Forks Thompson 

7 L. P. Hjelmstad ..^ Grand Forks Holmes 

s Afca 9av«eant Traiil Caledonia 

8 J. I. Lerom Traill Buxton 

8 a A. WUliBon Traill Blanchard 

8 T. B. NelJon Traill Hattou 

9 R. M. Pollock gass Fargo 

J) W. F. Leech ^ass Fargo 

10 P. P. Ohacey Cass Harwood 

10 ThoH. Heath Cass j Gardner 

10 Ifl. Severaon Cass Davenport 

U li. Mallough Cass ChafTee 

11 C. A. Tubbfl Cass Hunter 

11 John Hill Cass Wheatland 

12 Eric Stafne Richland Galchutt 

12 A. W. Thomas Richland Seymour 

12 V. Movgan Richland Barrle 

13 H. 0. Johnson Sargent Milnor 

18 O. B. Phlfer Sargent Harlem 

14 T. J. Dwire Ransom Englevale 

14 L. P. Anderson Ransom Ft. Ransom 

15 Geo. M. Young Barnes Valley City 

15 K. a, Ramsett Barnes Fingsu 

16 M. B. Caasell .....Steele Clifford 

16 C. Wlnalow Steele Gtolden Lake 

17 C. A. Hall Nelson Lakota 

18 H. McLean ...Cavalier Hannah 

18 Ole Axvlg Cavalier Milton 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 139' 

Seventh Session — zpoi.— Continued. 

Dist. Name. Caunty. Post Oflace 

19 Fred Lemke Towner Csuido 

20 F. T. Qronyold Pierce Rugby 

20 James Mlchels vBenson Qraham's Island 

21 G. W. H. Davis Ramsey Eyanston 

21 H. A. Nicholson Ramsey Crary 

22 D. Nlven Eddy New Rockford 

22 F. Chaffee Foster Carrlngton 

23 F. H. Keeler Stutsman Buchanan 

23 J. M. Watson Stutsman Kensal 

24 •J. A. T. BJomson LAMoure Kuln> 

25 Geo. Rose Dickey EUendaJe 

25 A. Strutz Kidder Steele 

26 T. W. Allshouse Dickey Oakes 

26 G. O. Gulack Mcintosh Ashley 

27 Jos. Hare Burleleh Bismarck 

27 Henry Reade Burleigh Bismarck 

28 B. F. Hammond Bottineau Bottineau 

29 E. C. Palmer Williams Willlston 

30 ^. M. Packard Morton Mandau 

30 Wm. Wade Morton Wadfr 

31 W. A. McClure Stark Taylor 

♦Ind.-Dem. All others republican. 



140 LEGISLATIVE MAlfUAL 

Eighth Session— 1903. 

Conrened Jan. 6, 1903; adjourned March 6, 1903. 

Senate, 

Lieutenant Goyernor David Barltlett, President. 

President pro tern— J. B. Sharpe. 
Secretary of tlie Senate— R. M. Tuttle. 
First Assistant Secretary of the Senate— Geo. L. Townes. 
Second Assistant Secretary of the Senate— James Twamiey. 
Chief Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk— W. B. Clark. 
Bill Clerk— I. J Moe. 
Stenographer— Ed. LaMoure. 
Sergeant at Arms- W. H. Brown. 
Doorkeeper— D. B. Wellman. 
Messenger— Theodore Johnson. 
Postmaster— M, J. Freeman- 
Watchman— John Young. 
Journal Clerk— Miss Catharine Coleman. 
Assistant Journal Clerk.— Mrs. J. M. Brown. 
Clerk of the Judiciary Committee— Chas. Donnelly. 
Chaplain— Rev. A. W. Hayes. 
Proof reader— J. M. Stewart. 
Bill room clerk— L. Wells. 
Clerk Appropriation Committee— J. W. Foley. 
Pages— Shed Lambert, A. O'Connor, Walter McLean, Willie Pol- 
lock and Floyd Brown. 

MEMBERS. 

• 

Dist. Name. County Post Office 

1 *r J. LaMoure . Pembina Pembina 

2 A. Garnett Pemi»ina St. Thomas 

3 ♦f O. E. Lofthus Walsh Park River 

4 •J. L. Cashel Walsh Grafton 

5 •r H. E. Lavayea Grand Forks Larlmore 

6 J D. Hacon Grand Forks Grand Forts 

7 ♦r J. D. Taylor Grand Forks Grand Forks 

S P. Herbrandson Traill Caledonia 

9 ♦r R. S. Lewis Cass Fargo 

10 Geo. D. Brown Cass Wild Rice 

11 ♦r F. S. Talcott Cass Buffalo 

12 ♦A. Benson Richland Sperry 

13 *r J. F. Devlin Sargent Cayuga 

14 Ed. Pierce Ransom Sheldon 

15 ♦r A. B. Cox Barnes Valley City 

16 Maynard Crane Griggs Cooperstown 

17 *r Iver Swenson Nelson Aneta 

18 Henry McLean Cavalier Hannah 

19 ♦r Wm. Clarke Jlolette ; . . Rolla 

20 A. J. Kirkeide Penson Norman!a 

21 *r Henry Hale Ramsey Devils Lake 

22 R. W. Main Towner Cando 

23 •f M. D. Williams Stutsman Jamestown 

24 J. B. Sharpe LaMoure Kulm 

25 •f D. E. Gteer Dickey E'.lendale 

26 A. Macdonald Emmons Glencoe 

27 *r C. B. Little Burleigh Bismarck 

28 ♦ D. H. McArthur Bottineau Botthieau 

29 •r M. Jacobson Ward Minot 

80 H. G. Voss Morton Mandan 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 141 



Eighth Session— 1903.— Continued. 

Dist. Name. County. Post Office 

31 •r L. A. Simpson Stark Dickinson 

32 J. D. Carroll Eddy New Rockford 

33 J. A. Regan Wells Fessenden 

34 R. A. Fox McHenry Towner 

35 A. E. Johnson McLean Washburn 

38 G. O. Gulack Mcintosh Ashley- 

37 •M. A. Wipperman Richland Hanklnson 

38 •H. O. Hagen Barnes Flngal 

39 W. H. Robinson Traill Mayville 

40 *C. 'W. Plain CavaUer MlltoiL 

House, 

Thos. Baker, Jr., Speaker. 

Chief Clerk— A. O. Anderson. 
Assistant Chief Clerk— W. D. Austin. 
Second Assistant Clerk— Q. M. Hogue. 
Chief Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk— W. A. Kelley. 
Bill Clerk— Welington Irysh. 
Stenographer— MJss Bessie Waggoner. 
Sergeant at Arms — ^Alex. McFadden. 
Doorkeeper— Harry Weiland. 
Messenger— R. M. Wlgness. 
Postmaster— John W. Carroll. 
Chaplain— Rev. Gullstrom. 
Watchman— Guy Reems. 
Journal Clerk— S. B. Donahue. 
Clerk Judiciary Committee — Alfred Zuger. 

Pages— Perry Embertson, Walter White, Oscar Sundquist, Neil 
AicHugh, Ward Preston, Clarence Anderson. 

MEMBERS. 

Dlst. Name. County Post Office 

1 Geo. A. McCrea Pembina Drayton 

1 I. J. Chevalier Pembina Bathgate 

1 W. J. Watts Pembina Hydepark 

2 John Truemner Pembina Cavalier 

2 P. J. Skjold JPembina Hallson 

2 C. K. Wing Pembina Crystal 

3 G. N. Midgarden Wa'sh Grafton 

3 Thos. Johnson Walsh Park River 

3 J. J. Ferguson Walsh Park River 

4 John Miller Walsh Minto 

4 •Nels O. Noben Walsh Grafton 

4 T. A. Gagnon Walsh Minto 

5 T. F. Mooney Grand Forks Larimore 

5 J. H. McLain Grand Forks Inkster 

5 T. E. Tufte :.... Grand Forks Northwood 

6 H. P. Ryan Grand Forks Grand Forks 

6 E. O. Burtness Grand Forks Mecklnock 

7 James Elton 3rand Forks Grand Forks 

7 Henry Steinberg Grand Forks Reynolds 

7 A. E. Allen Grand Forks Thompson 

8 Alex. Smart Traill Hendrum, Minn 

8 T. H. Thompson Traill Belmont 

9 Thos. Baker, Jr. Cass Pargo- 

9 W. F. Leech Cass , Fargo 

9 A. L. Wall Cass Fargo. 



JLil 



142 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Eighth Session —1903.— Continued. 

Dist. Name. County. Post Office 

10 E. P. Gilbert Cass Casselton 

10 Thos. Heath Cass Gardner 

10 E. Severson Cass Kindred 

11 John A. Hill Cassi ....; WheaUand 

11 B. H. Mallough Cass Wheatland 

11 F.H.Dickinson Cass Ayr 

12 •H. T. Connolly Richland Wahpeton 

12 •Geo. Hammer Richland Abercrombie 

12 •B. Schouweiler Richland Falrmonnt 

13 G. B. Phlfer Sargent Hampel 

13 John Flados Sargent Rutland 

14 C. W. Buttz Ransom Buttzville 

14 Fred Underwood Ransom Enderlin 

15 Geo. M. Young Barnes Valley City 

15 Jos. H. Rogers Barnes Valley City 

16 M. B. iJassell Steele Clifford 

16 G. H. Stnren.** Steele Hatton 

16 J. S. Palfrey Steele Hope 

17 S. L. Dahl Nelson McVille 

17 A. H. Smart Nelson Michigan City 

18 Chas. Chlsholm Cavalier Langdon 

18 'M. McKnlght Cavalier Hannah 

19 C. I. F. Wagner Rolette Rolla 

19 •A. N. Bourasoa Rolette Rolla 

^ E. L. Richmond Benson Minnewaukan 

£0 N. E. Gullerud Benson Viking 

20 M. Maddock Benson Goa 

81 G. W. H. Davis Ramsey Evanston 

fil C. H. Baker Ramsey Devils Lake 

21 H. R. Aslakson Ramsey Ehndore 

:S2 ♦C. P. Peterson Towner Bisbee 

22 'J. L. Harvey Towner ...» Masa 

f3 Anton Fried ...^ Stutsman Fancher 

23 Geo. B. McKenzie Stutsman Kensal 

fS Morris Beck Stutsman Jamestown 

24 O. O. Ellison LiaMoure LaMoure 

M C, H. Shells LaMoure Edgeley 

26 Geo. Rose Dickey Ellendale 

25 E. F. Stevens Dickey Glover 

26 C. A. Patterson Emmons Linton 

26 P. J. Lyons Kidder Steele 

27 **L. D. McGahan Burleigh Bismarck 

27 ♦♦John Bostrom Burleigh Bismarck 

:2S G. A. Lillie Bottineau Willow City 

28 Jas. M. Watson Bottineau Willow City 

29 Percy M. Cole Ward '.. , Kenmare 

29 C. P. Lee Ward Minot 

29 E. C. Palmer Williams Wiliiston 

30 W. M.: Simpson Morton Mandan 

JO Philip Blank Morton New Salem 

80 Chas. Weigel Mortdn Hebron 

40. Geo. A. Senour Stark ' Dickinson 

81 W. A. McClure Stark Taylor 

81 ♦♦♦Frank LIsh Stark • Dickinson 

82 F. N. Chaffee Foster Carrington 

32 M. Mattson, jr E^^y ••• Cheyenne 

83 H. C. Scheer Wells Fessenden 

83 C. V. Brown Wells Cathay 

83 A. Peterson Wells ^ Harvey 

84 T. Welo McHenry Velva 

•84 Thos. Oksendahl Pierce Rugby 

.34 O. A. Knutson McHenry Harvey 



=^x-v:- 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



143 



Eighth Session — 1903. — Continued. 

Dlst. Name. County. 

35 Henry Bartz Mcl^ean 

35 Wm. DlebaU Mercer 

36 A. Meidinger Mcintosh 

36 J. A. Weed Login 

37 Emil A Movlns Richland 

37 *John I. Hanson Richland .; 

37 •G. Van Arnam Richland 

38 S. J. Aandahl ,. Barnes 

38 *C. H. Noltlmler Barnes 

39 A. T. Kraabel Traill 



Post Office. 
. Anamoose 
— Hebron 
.... HelliftI 
. . Napoleo 
Lldgerwood 
Wyndmere 
... Walcott 

, Syea 

Lanona 

aifford 



39 H. Q. Braaten Traill Mayvllie 

40 N. Robillard Cavalier O^ga 

40 Jas. McDowell Cavalier Langdon 

♦, democrat; ♦r, republican holdover; •f, fusion holdover; •♦, in- 
dependent-democrat; ••♦, independent; all others republican. 



144 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE BY SENATORIAL DISTRICTS 

FOR MBMBBRS OF THE 

Eighth Legislative Assembly, 1903. 

FIRST DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 3 representatives.) 

County — Part of Pembina, consisting of townsliips of Walhalla, St. 
Josepli, Neelie, Pembina, Bathgate, Carlisle, Joli^tte, Midiaud, 
Lincoln and Drayton. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Judson LaMoure (rep) holdover Geo. A. McCrea (rep).... 771 

I. J. Chevalier (rep) 750 

Wm. J. Watts, (rep) 755 

James G. Weeks, (dem).. 308 

J. S. Huffman, (dera).... 456 

A. L. Mcintosh, (dem) 393 

SECOND DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 3 representatives.) 

County — Part of Pembina, consisting of townships of St. Thomas, 
city of St. Thomas, Crystal, city of Crystal, Hamilton, town of 
Hamilton, Cavalier, town of Cavalier, village of Canton, Avon, 
Liberty, Akra, Beaulieu, Thingvalla, Gardar, Park, Elora and 
Lodema. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Albert Gamett, (rep) 912 John Truemner, (rep) 811 

A. M. O'Connor, (dem) 532 P. J. Skjold, (rep) 905 

C. K. Wing, (rep) 792 

Samuel F. Waldo (dem).. 712 

John Johnson, (dem) 37S 

Menno Surerus, (dem)... 598 

THIRD DISTRICrr. 

(1 senator; 3 representatives.) 

County — Part of Walsh, consisting of townships of Perth, Latona, 
Adams, Silvesta, Cleveland, Norton, Vesta. Tioer, Medford, 
Vernon, Golden, Lampton, Eden, Rushiord, JCensin«rton, 
Dundee, Ops, Prairie Centre, Fertile, Park River, village 01 
Edlnburg, village of Conway, village of Hoople, village of Pi- 
sek, Glenwood, Kinloss, Shepherd, Sauter and the unorgan- 
ized township 157, range 59. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

O. E. Lofthus, (fus) holdover G. N. MIdgarden (rep)... 832 

Thos. Johnson (rep) 929 

John J. Ferguson (rep) . . . 824 

Owen O'Reilly (dem) 702 

G. C. McLaughlin (dem).. l>67 
Nels Levang (dem) 577 

FOURTH LxSTRICT. 

(1 senator; 3 representatives.) 

County — Part of Walsh, consisting of townships of Forest Rivet, 
village of Forest River, Walsh Centre, Grafton, city of Graf- 
ton, Farmlngton, Ardoch, village of Ardoch, Harriston, Oak- 
wood, Martin, Walshvllle, Pulaski, Acton, MInto, village of 
MInto and St. Andrews. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

John L. Cashel (dem) 848 John Miller (rep) 850 

T. A. Gagnon (rep) 662 

Tallack Tallackson. (rep) 659 
Julius W. Boeing (dem).. 660 

Jacob H. Parr (dem) 6.'>2 

Nels O. Noben, (dem) 718 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 145 



FIFTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 3 representatiTes.) 

County — Part of Grand Forks, consisting of townships of (jtilby, 
Jolinstown, Strabane. Wheatfleld, Hegton, Arvilla, Avon, 
Northwood, city of Nortliwood, Lind, Grace, Larimore, city 
of Larimore, Elm Grove, Agnes, Inkster, Elkmonnt, Oakwooa, 
Niagara, Moraine, Logan and Loretta. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

H. E. Lavayea (rep) holdover... Thos. P. Mooney (rep)... 744 

T. E. Tufte (rep) 715 

John H. McLain (rep)... 751 
Sam J. RadclifTe (dem).. 427 

SIXTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 2 representatives.) 

County— Part of Grand Forks, consisting of third, fourth, fifth 
and sixth wards of the city ox Grand Forks, and the townships 
of Falconer, Harvey, Turtle River, Ferry, Rye, Blooming, 
Mekinock, Lakeville and Levant. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

J. D. Bacon, (rep) 599 H. P. Ryan (rep) 012 

M. F. Murphy, (dem) 559 E. O. Burtness (rep) .592 

Joseph Shane (dem) 476 

Nils Nllson (dem) 345 

SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 3 representatives.) 

County— Part of Grand Forks, consisting of first and second 
wards of the city of Grand Forks, and the townships of Grand 
Forks, Brenna, Oakville, Chester, Pleasant View, Fairfield, 
Allendale, Walle, Bentru, Americus, Michigan. Union ana 
Washington. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

J. D. Taylor, (rep) holdover... James Elton (rep) 6l4 

A. E. Allen (rep) 574 

Henry Steinberg (rep) . . . 531 

Ole Granrud (dem) ass 

Butler J. Amble (dem) . . . 312 
C. W. Holmes (dem) 365 

EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 2 representatives.) 

County — Part of Traill, consisting of townships of Belmont, Bux- 
ton, Caledonia, Elm River, Eldorado, Ervin, HiUsboro, city of 
Hillsboro. Kelso. Logan, Norway and city of Reynolds. 
SENATE. HOUSE. 

Peter Herbrandson (rep).. 355 T. H. Thompson (rep).... 500 

James Grassick, (dem) . . 272 Alex Smart (rep) 497 

J. P. Leum (dem) 96 

NINTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 3 representatives.) 

County — Part of Cass, consisting of township of Fargo, and city 
of Fargo, and the fractional township No. 139, range 48. 
SENATE. HOUSE. 

R. S. Lewis (rep) holdover Thos. Baker, jr., (rep)... 943 

W. F. Leech (rep) 995 

A. L. Wall (rep) 999 

J. F. P. Gross, (dem) 379 

John P. Dahlquist (ind).. 20^1 

Wm. Mills (ind) 172 

Add Peterson (ind) 147 



•# 



t 



146 LEQISLATIVB MANUAL, 

TE»ITH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 8 representatives.) 

Couiity — Part of Cass, consisting of tlie townships of Noble, 
Wiser, Harwood, Reed, Barnes, Stanley, Pleasant, Kenyon, 
Gardner, Berlin, Raymond, Mapleton, Village of Mapleton, 
Warren, Norman, Bell, Harmony, Durbin, Addison, Daven- 
port, village of Davenport, Casselton and the city of Casselton. 

SENATK HOUSE. 

Geo. D. Brown, (rep) .... 628 Thos. Heath, (rep) 677 

E. E. May, (dem) 470 E. F. Gilbert, (rep) 701 

Elling Severson, (rep) .... 052 

Max Bellmar (dem) 281 

Max Strehlow, (dem .... 303 

H. H. Watters (dem) 310 

ELEA'^NTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 8 representatives.) 

County — Part of Cass, consisting of the townships of Webster, 
Rush River, Hunter, Arthur, Amenia, Everest, Maple River, 
Leonard, Dows, Erie, Empire, Wheatland, Gill, Walburg, 
Watson, Page, Rich, Ayr, Buffalo, village of Buffalo, Howes, 
Eldrid, Highland, Rochester, Lake, Cornell, Tower, Hill, 
Clifton and Pontiac. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

F. S. Talcott (rep) holdover. . . . Frank H. Dickinson (^en^ 593 

John A. Hill (rep) 603 

Ben H. Mallough (rep).... 599 

TWELFTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 3 representatives.) 

County — Part of Richland, consisting of the townships of Eagle, 
Abercrombie, Dwight, Ibsen, Center, Mooreton, Brandenburg, 
Summit, Fairmount, village of Fairmount, De Vlllo, La Mars, 
Waldo, Greenfield, and city of Wahpeton. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

C. M. Johnson (rep) 733 H. J. Arnold (rep) 733 

A. Benson, (dem) 836 Geo. Womer, jr., (rep) . . . 763 

R. J. Hughes (rep) 709 

Henry T. Connolly (dem) 772 

Geo. Hammer, (dem) .... 795 

B. W. Schouweiler (dem) 819 

THIRTEENTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 2 representatives.) 
County — Sargent. 

SENATE. HOUSE, 

J. F. Devlin (rep) holdover Geo. B. Phifer (rep) 596 

Joun Flados (rep) 592 

Jens Pederson (ind-dem).. 555 

John Carlen (ind-dem).... 540 

FOURTEENTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 2 representatives.) 
County — Ransom. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Ed Pierce (rep) 875 Chas. W. Buttz (rep).... 816 

Ole Christlanson (dem)... 338 Fred Underwood (rep)... 802 

Fred Heaton (dem) 334 

R. Frederickson (dem).... S74 






STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



147 



FIPTBBNTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 2 representatives.) 

County — ^Part of Barnes, consisting of Baldwin, Daaey, Pierce, 
Uxbridffe, Edna, Minnie Lake. Mobart, Potter, village of San- 
born, village of Wimbledon, cltv of Valley City, township 143, 
range 56, township 143, range 58, township 143, range 00, 
township 142, range 59, township 142, range 58, township 142, 
range 57, townshiD 141, range 58, township 141, range 59, 
township 141, range 60, township 141, range 61, township 140, 
range 61, township 140, range 58. 



SENATE. 
A. B. Cox (rep) holdover. 



HOUSE. 

Geo. M. Young (rep) Cl4 

Jos. H. Rogers (rep) 565 

A., A. Booth and & dem). 496 
N. P. Rasinussen (Ind & 

dem) 446 



SIXTEENTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 3 representatives.) 
Counties — Steele and Griggs. 

SENATE. 



llifaynard Crane 



HOUSE. 



M. B. Cassell (rep) 
G. H. Stavens, (rep). 
J. S. Palfrey (rep) . 
Scattering 



Steele. 
375 



Steele. 
888 
372 
354 

4 



Griggs 



rigg 
4^ 



Gr^gs. 

433 
425 



Total 
859 



Total 
828 
805 
779 



SEVENTEENTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 2 representatives.) 
County — ^Nelson. 

SENATE. 



Iver Swenson (rep) holdover . . . 



HOUSE. 

Samuel L. Dahl (rep).... 753 

A. H. Smart (rep) 751 

Andrew K. Relten (dem). 618 

Wm. E. PIrkins (dem).... 540 

Severt Olson 54 

A. H. Parker 44 

EIGHTEENTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 2 representatives.) 

County— Part of Cavalier, consisting of the townships of Cypress, 
Linden, Dresden, Langdon, city of Langdon. South Dresden, 
Grey, Glenlla, Huron, Moscow, Berlin, Jackson, Perry, Bil- 
lings, Storlle, Weber. Trier, Gordon, Henderson, township 159, 
range 64, and township 161, range 64. 



SBNAT33. 

Henry McLean (rep) 760 

Jos Cleary (dem) 642 



HOUSE. 

Chas. Chlsholm (rep) .... 710 

Jos. A. Elliott (rep) 567 

Matthew McKnight (dem) 718 

Chas. Morton, jr., (dem).. 583 



148 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



NINETEENTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 2 representatives.) 
County — Rolette. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Wm. Clarke (rep) holdover. ... C. I. F. Wagner (rep) 561 

John C. Hunt (rep) 502^ 

Alfrecf N. Bourassa (dem) 52^ 

John Wright (dem) 451 

TWENTIETH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 3 representatives.) 
County — Benson. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

A. J. Klrkelde (rep). 916 M. Maddock (rep) 997 

Timothy Mahaney (dem).. 808 E. L. Richmond (rep).... 959 

Nels E. Gullerud (rep)... 1004 
L. W. Harriman (dem)... 640 

D. J. Druramond (dem).. 689 

E. B. Page (dem) 564 

TWENTY-FIRST DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 3 representatives.) 
County — Ramsey. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Henry Haie (rep) holdover.... G. W. H. Davis (rep).... 929 

Chas. H. Baker (rep).... 940 

H. R. Aslakson (rep).... 919 

Wm. G. Samuels (dem)... 353 

W. A. Fulkerson (dem).. 316 

Nils C. Lunde (dem) 313 

TWENTY-SECOND DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 2 representatives.) 
Countv — Towner. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

R. W. Main (rep) 607 P. H. Forrest (rep) 520 

Alex Currie (dem) 605 J. M. Gores (rep) 571 

C. P. Peterson (dem) 592 

J. L. Harvey (dem) 600 

TWENTY-THIRD DISTRICTT. 

(1 senator; 3 representatives.) 
County — Stutsman. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

M. D. Williams (fus) holdover. Anton Fried (rep) 926 

Geo. W. McKenzie (rep). 964 

Morris Beck (rep) 1001 

Fred T. Brastrup (dem).. 697 

John S. Tufford (dem).... 550 

E. F. Horn (dem) 531 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



149 



TWENTY-FOURTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 2 representatiyes.) 
County — ^LaMoure 

SENATE. 



J. B. Sharpe (rep) 508 

J. A. T. BJomson (Ind)... 430 
Scattering 2 



HOUSE. 

O. O. EUtson (rep) 580 

C. H. Shiels (rep) 521 

Henry N«>erman (ind)... 369 

Clias. M. Ralph (ind) 847 



TWENTY-FIFTH DISTRICTT. 

(1 senator; 2 representatives.) 
County — Dickey. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

D. E. Geer (fus) holdover 



George Rose (rep) 682 

E. F. Stevens (rep) 648 

Geo. G. Caldwell (ind & 

dem) 405 

Jos. Hartman (ind & 

dem) 497 



TWENTY-SIXTH DISTRICT. 
(1 senator: 2 representatives.) 



Counties — ^Emmons and Kidder. " 

SENATE. 



Alex Macdonald (rep) 

Fred Junge, Jr., (ind & dem) 
Wesley Baker (Ind) 



HOUSE. 



P. J. Lyons (rep) 

Chas. A. Patterson (rep) 

F. H. Cotton (dem) 

H. S. Wood, (dem) , 



nmons. 


Kidder. 


Total 


374 


226 


€00 


217 


95 


312 


61 


1 


62 


nmons. 


Kidder. 


Total 


406 


187 


593 


382 


163 


545 


264 


142 


406 


201 


156 


357 



TWENTY-SEVENTH DISTRICT. 



(1 senator; 2 representatives.) 
County — ^Burleigh. 

SENATE. HOUSE. « 

O. B. Little (rep) holdover.... Edward S. Allen (rep).... 

Joseph Hare (rep) 

L. D. McGahan (ind & 

dem) 

John Bostrom Ond & 

dem) 

TWENTY-EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 2 representatives.) 

County — Bottineau. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

V. B. Noble (rep) 990 Geo. A. Lillie (rep) 

D. H. McArthur (dem)... 1097 J. M. Watson (rep) 

E. A. Schwanke (dem)... 

T. M. Babington (dem)... 



580 
568 

616 

613 



1084 

1042 

846 

909 



ISO 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



TWENTY-NINTH DISTRICrT. 

(1 senator: 3 representatives.) 

Counties — ^Ward and Williams. 

SENATE. 
M. Jacobson (rep) holdover.... 



HOUSE. 



Percy Cole, (rep) 
C. P. Lee (rep) .. 
E. C. Palmer (rep) 
W. J. Carroll (ind) 



Ward. 
1444 
1504 
1635 
914 



WilUams. Total 

204 J64S 

210 1714 

330 1965 

61 975 



THIRTIETH DISTRICT. 
(1 senator; 3 representatives.) 



County — Morton. 



SENATE. 



HOUSE. 



H. Q. Voss (rep) 
S. Pederson (dem) 



838 
547 



Philip Blank (rep) , 

Wm. Simpson (rep) ..,. 
Chas. Weigel (repl .... 
O. W. Markham (dem), 

Ed Gartside (dem) 

J. M. Wadeson (dem). 



884 
916 
840 
428 
424 
465 



* THIRTY-FIRST DISTRICTT. 

(1 senator; 3 representatives.) 

Counties — Stark and Billings. 

. SENATE. 
L. A. Simpson (rep) holdover.. 



HOUSE. 



W. A. McClure (rep) 
Geo. A. Senonr (rep) 

A. L. Martin (rep) . 

B. S. Foley (ind) ... 
Frank Lish (ind) . . 
Jos. Kilzer (ind) ... 



Stark. 

432 

406 

376 

376 

443 

372 



Billings. 
89 
87 
77 
96 
70 
60 



THIRTY-SECOND DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 2 representatives.) 
Counties — ^Eddy and Foster. 



SENATE. 



John D. Carroll (rep) 
Iver Vick (dem) — 



HOUSE. 



F. N. Chaffee (rep) . . 
M. MAttson, Jr., (rep). 

A. Johnson, (dem) 

M. C. Murphy, (dem). 



Eddy. 
384 
222 

Eddy. 
349 
369 
251 
205 



Foster. 
476 
254 

Foster. 
475 
431 
267 
265 



Total 
521 
493 
463 
472 
513 
482 



Total 
860 
676 

Total 
824 
800 
518 
470 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



151 



THIRTY-THIRD DISTRICT. 
(1 senator; 3 representatives.) 



County — Wells. 



SENATE. 

J. Aastin Regan (rep) . . 
John Q. Johns (dem). . . . 
W. M. Wiltse (pop) 



HOUSE. 



922 
301 
81 



C. V. Brown (rep) 

August Peterson (rep) . . . 

H. C. Scheer (rep) , 

Walter P. Wyard (dem). 
Churchill Bard (dem)... 

John Fryer (dem) 

C. E. Payne (pop) 



85b 
£88 
887 
281 
264 
277 
27 



THIRTY-FOURTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 3 representatives.) 
Counties — ^McHenry and Pierce. 

SENATE. 

McHenry. 

R. A. Fox, (rep) 1211 

Jas. E. Wagner, (dem) 487 

HOUSE. 

McHenry. 

T. Welo, (rep) 1098 

T. Oksendahl, (rep) 10S4 

O. A. Knutson, (rep) 1117 

C. J. Rustad, (dem) 513 

L. N. Torson (dem) 505 

THIRTY-FIFTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 2 representatives.) 
Counties — ^McLean, Mercer and Oliver. 

SENATE. 



August E. Johnson, (rep). 
Swan Hanson, (peo) 



William Dieball, (rep) 
Henry Bartz, (rep)... 
uohn Young, (peo) . . . . 
Ludwig Siehel, (peo) . . 



McLean. 
634 
111 

HOUSE. 

McLean. 
606 
611 
94 
89 



Mercer. 
196 

18 



Mercer. 

124 

169 

93 

31 



THIRTY-SIXTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 2 representatives.) 

Counties — Mcintosh and Logan. 

SENATE. 

Mcintosh. 



G. O. Gulack, (rep) 



HOUSE. 



Jas. A. Weed, (rep)'. 
A. Meidinger, (rep) 



502 



Mcintosh. 
500 
501 



Pierce. 


Total 


530 


1741 


310 


791 


Pierce. 


Total 


482 


1580 


573 


1657 


456 


1573 


281 


794 


389 


893 



Oliver. 
75 
56 



Oliver. 
62 
72 
79 
56 



Logan. 
275 



Logan. 
283 
272 



Total 
905 
185 



Total 
792 
852 
2(Mi 
170 



Total 
771 



Total 
783 
773 



152 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



THIRTY-SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 3 representatiTes.) 

County — Part of Richland, consisting of the townships of Walcott, 
Colfax, Barrie, Helendale, Sheyenne, Viking, Garborg, Free- 
man, West End, Homestead, Grafton, Antelope, Danton, Gar- 
field, Dexter. Wyndmere, Belford, Liberty, Bright wood, vil- 
lage of Hankinson, Elma, Park, village of Lidgerwood, Moran 
and Grant. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

R. H. Hankinson (rep) ... 698 E. A. Movius (rep) 750 

M. A. Wipperman (dem). 777 M. L. Hilliard (rep) 645 

Ole Lovdokken (rep) 620 

John B. Wagner (dem).... 728 

John I. Hanson (dem).... 730 

Geo. Van Arnam (dem). ... 778 

THIRTY-EIGHTH DISTRICTT. 

(1 senator; 2 representatives.) 

County — Part of Barnes, consisting of the townships of Weimer, 
Noltlmier, Alta, Orlska, Spring Vale, Cuba, Svea, Skandia, 
Norman, Blnghampton, Raritan, Thordenskjold, Oakville. 
Spring Creek, Lincoln, Greenland, Green, Heman, township 
138, range 61, township 138, range 58, township 139, range 58, 
township 139, range 61. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

K. S. Ramsett (rep) 405 Ernest Critchfield (rep) .. 857 

Hans O. Hagen (Ind & • Sam Aandahl (rep) 437 

dem) 433 C. H. Noltlmier (ind & 

dem) 409 

L. K. Stillings (ind & 

dem) .r^ 208 

THIRTY-NINTH DISTRICT. 

CI senator; 2 representatives.) 

Countv — Part of Traill, consisting of the townships of Bobnsack, 
Blanchard, Bloomfield, Garfield, Gaiesburg, Mayvllle, city of 
Mayville, Morgan, Norman, RosevUle, city of Portland and 
village of Hatton. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

W. H. Robinson (rep) 434 Anton T. Kraabel (rep).. 424 

J. E. Totten (dem) 112 Halsteln G. Braaten (rep) 428 

W. A. McCain (dem) 135 

John L. Moe (dem) .*. 95 

FORTIETH DISTRICT. 

(1 senator; 2 representatives.) 
County — Part of Cavalier, consisting of the townships of Mt. Car- 
mel. Hope, Fremont, Olga, Loam, Harvey, Easby, Alma, East 
Alma, Montrose, village of Milton, and Osnabrock. 
SENATE. HOUSE. 

Ole T. Axvlg (rep) 512 N. Robillard (reo) 579 

C. W. Plain (dem) 590 Jas. McDowell (rep) o68 

Sy ver Berger (dem) 448 

Alex Cameron (dem) 442 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



153 



DISTRICT JUDGES. 

Abstract of Votes Cast for District Judges in the Various 

Judicial Districts, Nov. 6, 1900. 

FIRST DISTRICT. 

Counties— Grand Forks and Nelson. 

W. J. An- Chis. J. 

derson. Fisk. 

Orand Forks 397 2150 

Nelson 91 716 

Total 488 2866 

SECOND DISTRICT. 

Counties— Benson, Bottineau, McHenr.r, Pierce, Ramsey, Rolette, 

Towner, Ward, Williams. 

John John 

Cowan. Burke. 

JBenson 988 430 

Bottineau 709 658 

McHenry 529 287 

Pierce 456 344 

Ramsey 1087 580 

Colette 474 472 

Towner 616 655 

Ward 714 550 

A^illiams 218 lOu 

Total 5821 4076 

THIRD DISTRICT. 

Counties— Cass, Steele, Traill. 

Chas. A. Edward 

Pollock. Engerud. 

Cass 3161 . 2113 

Steele 662 267 

Traill 1216 769 

Total 5039 3149 

FOURTH DISTRICT. 

Counties— Dickey, Mcintosh, Ransom, Richland, Sargent. 

W. S. Chas. E. 

Lauder. Wolfe. 

Dickey 887 484 

Mcintosh 306 484 

Ransom 708 744 

Richland 2114 1411 

Sargent 888 479 

Total 4903 3602 



154 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



FIFTH DISTRICT. 

Counties— Barnes, Eddy, Foster, Griggs, LaMonre, Logan, Stuts- 
man, Wells. 



Barnes 

Eddy 

Foster 

Griggs 

LaMoure 

Logan 

Stutsman 

Wells 

Total 

SIXTH DISTRICT. 



Samuel L. 


Marion 


Glaspell. 


Conklin.. 


1389 


lOU 


392 


315- 


367 


301 


458 


497 


515 


520- 


218 


61 


790 


1016 


.868 


518^ 



4997 



4242. 



Counties— Billings, Burleigh, Emmons, Kidder, McLean, Mercer, 

Morton, Oliver, Stark. 

Walter H. F. H. 
Winchester. Register. 

Billings Ill 96 

Burleigh 483 566 

Emmons 2S8 458- 

Kldder 165 148 

McLean 633 168 

Meroier 246 JSQ 

Morton 901 692 

Oliver 85 92 

Stark 704 47* 

Total 3516 2743 

SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

Counties— Cavalier, Pembina, Walsh. 

W. J. Chas. A. M. 
Kneeshaw. Spencer. 

Cavalier 1403 1243^ 

Pembina 2036 1U7 

Walsh 1341 2158^ 

Total 4780 4518. 



•• , 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



155 



THE VOTE ON THE ADOPTION OF THE 
CONSTITUTION AND PROHIBITION. 

(First State Election October 1, 1889.) 





Constitution 


Prohibition 


COUNTIES 


u 


3 

a 
< 


h 

g 


a 

a 

< 


Barnes 

Benson ' 


. 1673 

623 

57 

450 

1083 

4049 
684 

1471 
381 
462 
333 
687 
351 
340 
818 
90 
257 
394 
264 
84 
924 
127 
47 

1762 
221 
810 

1110 

1409 
435 
973 
610 
241 

1334 
281 

1411 
606 
350 
336 


8 

45 

1 

116 

2 

31 

269 

26 

13 

2 

4 

1930 

150 

8 

11 


861 

292 

4 

865 

269 

1739 

634 
cat 

212 
106 
148 

1534 

345 

186 

414 

26 

163 

166 

69 

22 

368 

640 

29 

1483 
124 
591 
670 

lOU 
112 
620 
171 
444 
609 
148 

1117 

1760 
220 
124 


.745 

212 

63 


Bottineau 

Burleieh * 


2^ 

733 


Cess 


2156 


Cavalier 

Dickey 


439 

587 


Eddy 


158 


Emmons 


347 


Foster 


186 


Grand Porks 


1432 


Grijrfirs 


180 


Kidder 


151 


L#aMoure 


395 


Lofcan 

McHenry 


61 


7 


101 


McTntosh ,..,.,. ^ ^ 


199 


McLean 




170 


Mercer 


1 

21 
660 

30 

830 

1 

231 

23 
251 

10 
177 


63 


Morton 


644 


Nelson % 


276 


Oliver 


40 


Pierce 


1137 
70 


Ramsey 


416 


Ransom 


567 


Richland 


8S5 


Rolette 


304 


Sareent 


577 


Stark 


3H 


Steele 


361 
47 
93 

462 

2248 

43 


172 


Stutsman 


809 


Towner 


216 


Traill 

Walsh 


824 
1132 


Ward 

Wells 


133 
190 



Total . . 
Majority 



27441 
19334 



8107 1 



18552 I 
1159 I. 



17,393 



I 



156 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOV- 
ERNOR, 1889 AND 1890. 



COUNTIES 



Barnes . . . . 
Benson .. .. 
Blllinfi^s . . 
Bottineau . . 
Burleigh . . 

v^cLkSo • • • • • • 

Cavalier . . . 
Dickey . . . 

Eddy 

Emmons .. . 
Foster .... 
Grand Porks 

Griggs 

Kidder . . . . 
LaMoure ... 

Logan 

McHenry . . 
Mcintosh . . 
McLean . . . . 
Mercer . . . . 
Morton . . . . 
Nelson . . . . 

Gllver 

Pembina . . . 
Pierce . . . . 
Ramsey . . . . 
Ransom . . . . 
Richland . . 
Rolette .... 
Sargent .^ .. 

Stark 

"Steele 

Stutsman . . 
Towner 
Traill .. 
Walsh .. 
Ward .. 
Wells .. 



• • • • 

• • • • 



Total ... 
Majority 



Congress 



1889 



to 



o 

U 

S 



CO 
u 
CO 



Governor 



1889 



tf 






o 
o 



1260 

475 
45 

336 

775 
2842 

668 
1088 i 

£40 

392 

237 
2170 

341 

257 

595 
77 

220 

375 

222 
70 

687 

665 

28 

1563 

172 

790 

998 
1194 

289 
1138 

434 

549 

863 

188 
1525 
1837 

292 

190 



Congress 



1890 



tf 



F3 
O 

s 
o 



446 


1191 


498 


976 


105 


467 


111 


428 


14 


45 


14 


17 


303 


335 


304 


297 


310 


771 


322 


728 


1288 


2712 


1411 


1783 


515 


647 


534 


587 


507 


1087 


506 


762 


162 


20. 


161 


236 


73 


391 


78 


334 


126 


235 


131 


206 


1026 


1929 


1263 


1736 


209 


346 


205 


393 


90 


259 


88 


192 


234 


594 


235 


477 


13 


77 


13 


83 


64 


219 


68 


285 


20 


375 


20 


393 


41 


223 


41 


167 


15 


70 


15 


22 


331 


6S0 


335 


608 


223 


^8 


260 


534 


48 


28 


48 


16 


1217 


1553 


1241 


1229 


f6 


181 


46 


160 


330 


779 


343 


702 


252 


998 


261 


785 


790 


1199 


771 


934 


205 


' 250 


238 


256 


110 


1027 


216 


844 


179 


432 


182 


377 


92 


546 


92 


569 


547 


818 


603 


. 571 


241 


184 


244 


197 


470 


1524 


469 


1432 


1099 


1842 


1100 


1686 


107 


296 


114 


187 


148 


186 


152 


176 



d 
o 

c 
o 



Governor 



1890 



p; 



M 
u 





499 

153 

42 

340 

324 

1589 

673 

490 

187 

221 

139 

1334 

227 

154 

338 

36 

66 

115 

42 

47 

376 

247 

58 

1320 

54 

450 

289 

1032 

292 

320 

201 

76 

592 

237 

516 

1390 

207 

157 



715 

406 
36 

358 

745 
2249 

439 . 

761 

228 

342 

204 
1100 

386 

244 

472 
97 

140 

373 

169 
22 

600 

412 

18 

lO-JC 

161 

704 

723. 

899 

257 

584 

357 

326 

576 

207 

963 
1306 

203 

165 



xi 

rt 

o 



26077 1 12066 I 25365 
14071 I I 12632 

I I 



12733 I 21365 
I 6535 

I 



14830 I 19053 
6449 



405 
153 

23 
346 
28S 
9(0 
(^ 
441 
184 
212 
140 
1377 
212 
120 
285 

22 

61 
106 

3d 

47 
371 
203 

56 
923 

42 
840 
237 
1008 
265 
174 
204 

57 
5iS 
" 225 
418 
1293 
146 
154 



12604 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



157 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOV- 
ERNOR, 1892. 



COUNTIES 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure .... 

Logan 

McHenry .... 

Mcintosh 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce , 

Hamsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams .... 



Total ... 
Majority 



Congress 



Governor 




' 694 

424 

41 

166 

631 

2118 
331 
521 
216 
278 
193 

1579 

263 

214 

348 

88 

184 

283 

112 

36 

551 

437 

37 

1013 
120 
461 
593 
907 
253 
511 
325 
415 
655 
155 

1151 

1031 

183 

169 

40 



299 


659 


687 


151 


51 


408 


13 


3 


50 


196 


116 


165 


277 


32 


600 


1322 


298 


2122 


464 


407 


345 


83 


561 


502 


146 


34 


204 


119 


11 


285 


140 


27 


195 


906 


712 


1512 


73 


261 


226 


82 


63 


212 


153 


268 


324 


22 


10 


94 


76 


42 


181 


48 


71 


273 


41 


24 


70 


48 


2 


30 


377 


37 


535 


136 


426 


431 


45 


4 


35 


901 


697 


1082 


42 


16 


120 


557 


65 


570 


188 


362 


592 


909 


155 


842 


194 


22 


294 


135 


392 


464 


176 


62 


361 


60 


287 


353 


461 


63 


623 


219 


17 


174 


368 


318 


1002 


1263 


836 


893 


115 


16 


186 


130 


22 


152 


45 


14 


42 



I • ■ • • 



17727 

6687 



11040 



7468 



17236 



f5a 

210- 

12 

3ia 

338 

1654 
863 
670 
193 
124 
153 

1678 

368 

150 

44& 

2& 

119 

126 

111 

56. 

442 

569^ 

52 

1538 

c»9 

593 

56ft 

1175 
177 
56» 
207 
411 
574 
229 
803 

2226 

121 

171 

49- 



18995 
1759 



LEOISLATIVB UANUAl. 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOV- 
ERNOR, 1894. 











Governor, 






1S94 


COUNTIES 


1 


1 

i 


s 


% 


i 




q 


1 


Benson !!.'!..",'.'.','."!!* 

Billings 

Boltlnean 

aS*».v:.;..v;;::. 

Cavalier 

Dlctey 

BddrJ.„ 

F^wc". ..!!'.".'. .!!!!! 

Qrftnd Forks 

Kidier '.':.','.'.'".'.::. .'.'.: 

LaMoare 

Mc^nrr'.".'..;;:!!!! 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

?!Sr.;;;:v:,::r 

Bamsey 

Blcblanfl".'.'.'.'..".'.'!.'!. 

Bolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

S;"!!--r:::;::. 

Traill 

Ward .!!','.'.'!-'."!..'!!!. 
Wells 


430 

i 

234 
3£6 
194 

isee 

ITS 
443 
123 

422 

a 

T2S 
634 
69 

180 
S04 

m 

1243 
307 
BOS 

BOO 

SE9 
1315 

349 


i 

S71 

m 

899 
633 

169 

lEl 
1003 

107 
345 
30 

E6 

Tl 

i 

43 

EB 

S 
S 

575 

293 

167 
440 

132 


1 


87 


8E9 

2266 
594 
684 

377 

S 

172 

260 
124 
731 
65 

5!l 

1S51 

577 

531 

?77 
1480 

345 
450 
66 


m 

85 
228 
758 
107 
193 
69E 

194 
57 
32 

m 

40 

22 
296 

810 

130 

23 

192 
181 

91 

32 


93 


e 

17 

1 

3B 
2 

1 

1 

1 
3 

2 
24 

24 

10 

4 

s 

41 
S 


21 
2B 
IE 

176 
3 

I 

15 
11 
3 

e 

63 
28 

39 

103 

169 

» 


1T9 

727 

5SS 

22 
91 

283 

233 

104 

3S3 

920 
S5 

lis 

8S7 
U6 
29 
GU 

296 

66 
lOS 












TolBl I 21B1B 


1B6S0 


ISO 


m, 


^ 


.r.i'.."" 

















'f 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



159 



VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, CONGRESSMAN 
AND GOVERNOR, 1896. * 



COUNTIBS 



President 


Congress 


• 
• 


p 


• 
• 


P- 


>. 




• 
• 

















c 
.d 


Burke 



Governor 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau ... 

BurFeigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons .... 

Foster , 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure .... 

Logan 

McHenry ... 
Mcintosh ... 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina . . . . 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark .• 

Steele 

Stutsman ... 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . . 



986 
649 
78 
S69 
729 

3050 
730 
619 
278 
300 
216 

2432 
318 
176 
460 
70 
217 
336 
124 
116 
752 
616 
59 

1687 
222 
869 
766 I 

1843 
306 
687 
530 
672 
705 
303 j 

1673 

1707 
299 
584 
103 



977 
227 

27 

389 

338 

2069 

1158 

587 

213 

168 

143 

1893 

360 

104 

401 

25 
166 

66 

79 

28 
393 
603 

58 
1807 

75 
665 
579 
1160 
331 
636 
216 
322 
578 
394 
674 
2134 
193 
317 

83 



PS 



60 

"E 



957 


984 


981 


527 


231 


537 


79 


25 


80 


378 


397 


376 


709 


359 


763 


2911 


2191 


3060 


• 667 


1175 


666 


596 


699 


613 


280 


210 


282 


301 


170 


316 


217 


143 


217 


2191 


2015 


2208 


317 


368 


^D8 


178 


104 


189 


467 


392 


473 


70 


27 


71 


221 


153 


222 


343 


61 


348 


117 


69 


126 


117 


17 


122 


733 


406 


811 


594 


628 


614 


69 


58 


63 


1585 


1800 


1467 


226 


64 


231 


824 


682 


856 


762 


585 


768 


1724 


1206 


1827 


231 


432 


310 


582 


663 


592 


522 


183 


568 


572 


321 


563 


671 


683 


727 


265 


436 


324 


1661 


687 


1629 


1641 


2125 


1669 


263 


226 


276 


582 


304 


672 


93 


83 


93 



Total .... 
Majority 



26335 
6619 



20686 



25233 

4G61 



2U72 




o 

o 

OQ 



991 
543 

24 

385 

317 

2107 

1027 

593 

241 

160 

149 

2013 

£67 

90 
S82 

22 
147 

60 

68 

11 
354 
605 

57 
2048 

61 
633 
593 
1118 
315 
644 
149 
335 
546 
363 
711 
2153 
197 
313 

89 



20690 



Note— There were 358 votes cast in the state for Levering 
(Pro.) electors, and 349 votes cast for Gordon, prohibition nominee 
for congress. , . 


















^ 



160 



I^EGISLiATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOV- 

' ERNOR, 1898. 



COUNTIES 



Barnes .... 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau . . . 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons . . . . 

Foster 

Qrand Forks 

Origgs 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry . . . 
Mcintosh . . . 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina — 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent — 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman . . 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams ... 




1151 

691 

89 

509 

706 

2615 
932 
696 
391 
364 
286 

2226 
396 
219 
612 
135 
290 
587 
276 
172 
862 
760 
83 

1537 
326 
604 
758 

1602 
400 
684 
506 
596 
816 
469 

1460 

1583 
490 
722 
145 



787 


1167 


304 


732 


9 


92 


472 


514 


231 


778 


1396 


2609 


680 


932 


523 


713 


179 


398 


228 


404 


232 


304 


1438 


1409 


337 


3T7 


61 


229 


367 


600 


16 


137 


214 


291 


35 


585 


71 


299 


26 


190 


5U 


837 


644 


730 


73 


94 


1077 


1549 


115 


328 


774 


771 


601 


779 


1337 


1594 


344 


427 


4F5 


6:6 


269 


547 


231 


614 


554 


821 


281 


460 


425 


1289 


1795 


1548 


223 


523 


392 


774 


107 


147 



819 
269 
6 
482 
163 
1463 
812 
527 
202 
195 

a7 

2563 

365 

62 

381 

16 

212 

49 

52 

9 

514 

6S1 

67 

1237 

108 

550 

614 

1351 

320 

49? 

242 

252 

652 

•291 

659 

1928 

194 

371 

163 




Total 
Majority 



r 



--!,- 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



161 



VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, CONGRESSMAN 
AND GOVERNOR, 1900. 



COUNTIES 



Barnes 

Benson 

BllUrgs 

Bottineau 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks .... 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

^Logan 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward , 

Wells 

Williams 



President 



1^ 



1324 

1084 
158 
728 
679 

3485 

1361 
763 
455 
433 
415 

2603 
527 
225 
597 
231 
595 
658 
587 
269 

1056 
994 
110 

1732 
535 

1147 
924 

2067 
566 
765 
780 
724 

1077 
805 

1537 

1807 
880 
966 
249 



u 



Congress 



P^ 



u 

1^ 



u 



Governor 



P^ 



0) 



1077 


1285 


1076 


1527 


319 


1097 


808 


1063 


51 


152 


56 


146 


628 


715 


630 


721 


839 


659 


859 


662 


1636 


3209 


1968 


3333 


1211 


1342 


1171 


1317 


567 


771 


576 


739 


235 


443 


246 


444 


311 


426 


305 


416 


241 


417 


251 


411 


1352 


2505 


1554 


2481 


407 


493 


437 


516 


70 


226 


80 


219 


405 


583 


432 


565 


35 


231 


32 


173 


222 


591 


216 


577 


125 


669 


110 


602 


UO 


581 


104 


577 


41 


262 


39 


221 


536 


1026 


650 


900 


576 


-952 


611 


950 


75 


97 


79 


81 


1321 


1674 


1341 


1651 


276 


529 


270 


528 


496 


1133 


477 


1105 


499 


899 


611 


903 


1399 


1991 


1466 


1636 


355 


571 


346 


575 


564 


763 


672 


781 


426 


752 


409 


704 


214 


715 


203 


685 


711 


1049 


709 


1020 


454 


786 


442 


780 


409 


1463 


468 


1339 


1804 


1753 


1803 


1730 


864 


871 


876 


847 


388 


969 


406 


873 


95 


247 


98 


249 



Total 

Majority 



35898 
15367 



20531 



c 

a 

u 

a 



903 
S16 
61 
622 
861 

1830 

12r0 
597 
249 
323 
261 

1617 
413 
87 
458 
106 
237 
181 
122 
82 
626 
613 
101 

1361 
276 
632 
526 

1864 
345 
609 
485 
177 
759 
456 
694 

1841 

409 

616 

98 



34887 I WTiJi I 84C62 t 22275 
13712 I I 11777 



Note.— Woolley (pro) for president received 731 votes; Debs 
(soc-dem<.) 520 and Barker (peoples) 111. For Congress, Mott, (pro) 
received 585; C?harcot, (soc-dem.) 412 and Blair (peopleis) 122. For 
Gtovernor, Carlton (pro) received 560; Poague (soc-dem.) 425 and 
Major (peoples) 218. 



156 



LBGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOV- 
ERNOR, 1889 AND 1890. 





Congress 


Governor 


Congress 


Governor 




1889 


1889 


1890 


1890 




PJ 


Q 


P^ 


ft 


K 


P 


PJ 


ft 


COUNTIES 


S 








• 
• 


• 
• 








2 
1 


•** 


w. * 


xi 


• 

a 


• 
• 

d 
o 




Xi 




ea 


0) 


V 


c 


■♦-• 


M 


fj 


• 


a 
W 




^■4 

1 


OS 

o 


o 




P 


rt 

2 


Barnes 


1250 


446 


1191 


498 


976 


499 


715 


405 


Benson .. .. .. 


475 


105 


467 


111 


428 


153 


406 


153 


Billings 


45 


14 


45 


14 


17 


42 


36 


23 


Bottineau . . . 


336 


303 


335 


304 


297 


340 


358 


S46 


Burleigh . . . . 


775 


310 


771 


322 


728 


324 


745 


288 


^clSS •• •••««•• 


2842 


1288 


2712 


1411 


1783 


1589 


2249 


9(0 


Cavalier 


668 


515 


647 


634 


587 


673 


439 


023 


Dickey 


1088 i 


507 


1087 


506 


762 


490 


761 


441 


Eddy 


240 


162 


241 


161 


236 


187 


228 


184 


Emmons 


392 


73 


391 


78 


334 


221 


342 


212 


Foster 


237 


126 


235 


131 


206 


139 


204 


140 


Orand Forks . 


2170 


1026 


1929 


1263 


1736 


1334 


1100 


1377 


Griggs 


341 


209 


346 


205 


393 


227 


386 


212 


TCidder 


257 


90 


259 


88 


192 


164 


244 


120 


LaMoure 


595 


234 


594 


285 


477 


338 


472 


285 


Xogan 


77 


13 


77 


13 


83 


36 


97 


22 


MeHenry . . . . 


220 


64 


219 


68 


285 


66 


140 


61 


Mcintosh . . . . 


375 


20 


375 


20 


393 


115 


373 


106 


McLean 


222 


41 


223 


41 


167 


42 


169 


3i) 


Mercer 


70 


15 


70 


15 


22 


47 


22 


47 


Morton 


687 


331 


6S0 


335 


608 


376 


600 


371 


Nelson 


665 


223 


^8 


260 


534 


247 


412 


203 


"Oliver 


28 


48 


28 


48 


16 


68 


18 


56 


Pembina 


1563 


1217 


1553 


1241 


1229 


1320 


lO-JO 


923 


Pierce 


172 


f6 


181 


46 


160 


54 


161 


42 


Ramsey 


790 


330 


779 


343 


702 


450 


704 


840 


Ransom 


998 


252 


998 


261 


785 


289 


723. 


237 


Richland . . . . 


1194 


790 


1199 


771 


934 


1032 


899 


1008 


Rolette 


289 


205 


250 


238 


256 


292 


257 


265 


Sargent 


1138 


110 


1027 


216 


844 


320 


684 


174 


&7tarii •• •••••. 


434 


179 


432 


182 


377 


201 


357 


204 


Bteele 


549 


92 


546 


92 


569 


76 


326 


57 


Stutsman . . . . 


863 


547 


818 


603 


- 571 


692 


676 


648 


Towner 


188 


241 


184 


244 


197 


237 


207 


" 22S 


Traill 


1525 


470 


1524 


469 


1432 


616 


963 


418 


Walsh 


1837 


1099 


1842 


1100 


1686 


1390 


1306 


1293 


Ward 


292 


107 


296 


114 


187 


207 


203 


146 


Wells 


190 


148 


186 


152 


176 


167 


165 


164 


Total 1 


26077 1 


12066 


25365 


12733 


21365 


14830 


19053 12604 


Majority . . 


1 14071 

1 





1 12632 




6535 




6449 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



167 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOV- 

ERNOR, 1892. 



COUNTIES 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams .... 



Total ... 
Majority 



Congress 



A 



a 

a 

o 

•-3 



' 694 

424 

41 

166 

631 

2118 
331 
521 
216 
278 
193 

1579 

263 

214 

348 

88 

184 

283 

112 

36 

551 

437 

37 

1013 
120 
461 
593 
907 
253 
511 
325 
415 
655 
155 

1151 

1031 

183 

169 

40 



17727 
6687 



1832 



G 
u 



11040 



1X4 



03 

o 



Governor 



1892 



PS 



n 



299 


659 


687 


151 


51 


408 


13 


3 


50 


196 


116 


165 


277 


32 


600 


1322 


298 


2122 


464 


407 


345 


83 


561 


502 


146 


34 


204 


119 


11 


285 


140 


27 


195 


906 


712 


1512 


73 


261 


226 


82 


63 


212 


153 


268 


324 


22 


10 


94 


76 


42 


181 


48 


71 


273 


41 


24 


70 


48 


2 


30 


377 


37 


635 


136 


426 


431 


45 


4 


35 


901 


697 


1082 


42 


16 


120 


657 


65 


570 


188 


362 


592 


909 


155 


842 


194 


22 


294 


135 


392 


464 


176 


62 


361 


60 


287 


353 


461 


63 


623 


219 


17 


174 


368 


318 


1002 


1263 


836 


893 


115 


16 


186 


130 


22 


162 


45 


14 


42 



7468 



17236 



fo 



•a 



o 
QQ 



210^ 
12 

3ia 

338 

1654 
863 
670 
193 
124 
153 

1678 

368 

150 

44& 

2& 

119 

126 

111 

5& 

442 

369^ 

52 

1538 

o9 

503 

oS^ 

1175 
177 
569' 
207 
411 
574 
229 
803 

2226 

121 

171 

49- 



18995 
1759 



158 



I^EQISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOV- 
ERNOR, 1894. 



COUNTIES 



Congress 



1894 



« 



a 
o 



o 

&4 



u 





o 

u 

&4 



OB 



» 



GoTernor. 



1894 



a 



0) 

(4 



« 






u 

a 



a 

o 

(l4 



Id 



<d 



^ 



I 



788 

430 

65 

343 



Benson 

BlUings 

Bottineau 

Burleigh I 614 

Cass J 2003 

Cavalier 1 506 

Dickey | 544 

Eddy I 234 

Emmons I 356 

Foster | 194 

Grand Porks I 1865 



Griggs 
Kidder .. 
LaMoure 
Logan ... 
McHenry 
Mcintosh 
McLean , 
Mercer .. 
Morton .. 
Nelson . . 
Oliver ... 
Pembina 
Pierce . . . 
Ramsey . 
Ransom . 
Richland 
Rolette . 
Sargent . 
Stark ... 
Steele ... 
Stutsman 
Towner . 
Traill ..., 
Walsh ... 
Ward .... 
Wells ... 
Williams 



• • • • • 



a •*« • ••••••' 



337 
178 
443 
123 
230 
422 
114 
106 
728 
634 
69 

1252 
180 
804 
665 

1243 
307 
508 
525 
500 
490 
259 

1315 

1481 

349 

411 

50 



853 
173 

14 
377 i 
384 
1277 
899 
633 
169 
206 
151 
1003 
302 
107 
345 

30 
156 

56 

71 

12 
380 
462 

43 
1400 

56 
389 
453 
832 
178 
575 
179 
293 
573 
167 
440 
1628 
132 
215 

47 f 



39 
6 



10 

6 

31 

17 

10 

5 

3 

4 

35 

3 

2 

8 

1 

9 

2 

1 

3 

8 

12 

1 

51 

2 

24 

14 

24 

3 

10 

6 

4 

12 

10 

41 

U 

8 

9 



67 
4 



13 
21 

108 

25 

22 

15 

1 

9 

176 

11 

3 

12 



5 

5 

15 

2 

11 

5 

3 

194 

6 

32 

31 

63 

15 

28 

7 

4 

24 

39 

108 

169 

8 

27 



850 


217 


468 


83 


64 


21 


408 


228 


660 


202 


2256 


758 


594 


693 


684 


107 


267 


83 


377 


193 


203 


65 


2156 


696 


345 


44 


172 


34 


447 


194 


110 


10 


260 


67 


440 


27 


124 


32 


in 


6 


731 


217 


645 


94 


65 


40 


133t? 


686 


216 


22 


845 


296 


745 


114 


1361 


810 


328 


168 


677 


120 


534 


97 


531 


23 


614 


314 


277 


192 


1480 


181 


1716 


999 


34& 


91 


450 


144 


66 


32 



209 

93 
2 
179 
216 
727 
367 
666 
101 

22 

91 
713 
283 
101 
23S 

37 
104 

41 

67 

6 

214 

3S3 

16 
920 

o5 
118 
387 
156 

29 
615 
131 
313 
265 

29 
296 
711 

66 
105 

12 



Total I 21615 I 15660 

Majority | 4233 | 



439 I 1283 t 23723 i 8188 | 9354 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



159 



VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, CONGRESSMAN 
AND GOVERNOR, 1896. * 



COUNTIES 



President 



Congress 



K 



.— « 

c 



a 



Governor 



PS 



d 

c 
.d 



u 

s 



PS 



u 



o 

o 

OQ 



Barnes 

Benson 

BUangs 

Bottineau ... 

Burrelgh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons .... 

Foster , 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure .... 

Logan 

McHenry ... 
Mcintosh ... 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark .. — 

Steele 

Stutsman ... 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . . 



986 
649 
78 
369 
729 

3050 
730 
619 
278 
300 
216 

2432 
318 
176 
460 
70 
217 
336 
124 
116 
752 
616 
59 

1687 
222 
869 
766 I 

1843 
306 
687 
530 
672 
705 
303 

1673 

1707 
299 
684 
103 



977 

227 

27 

389 

338 

2069 

1158 

587 

213 

168 

143 

1893 

360 

104 

401 

25 

166 

66 

79 

28 

893 

603 

58 

1807 ( 

75 

665 

579 

1160 

331 

636 

216 

322 

578 

394 

674 

2134 

193 

317 

83 



957 


984 


527 


231 


79 


25 


378 


397 


709 


359 


2911 


2191 


' 667 


1175 


596 


599 


280 


210 


301 


170 


217 


143 


2191 


2015 


317 


368 


178 


104 


467 


392 


70 


27 


221 


153 


343 


61 


117 


69 


117 


17 


733 


406 


594 


628 


59 


58 


1585 


1800 


226 


64 


824 


682 


762 


685 


1724 


1206 


231 


432 


582 


663 


522 


183 


672 


321 


671 


583 


265 


436 


1661 


687 


1641 


2125 


263 


226 


582 


304 


93 


83 



f81 
637 
80 
376 
763 

3060 
666 
613 
282 
316 
217 

2208 
^D8 
189 
473 
71 
222 
348 
126 
122 
811 
614 
63 

1467 
231 
856 
768 

1827 
310 
592 
668 
563 
727 
324 

1629 

1669 

276 

572 

93 



991 
643 

24 

385 

317 

2107 

1027 

593 

241 

160 

149 

2043 

£67 

90 
382 

22 
147 

60 

68 

11 
354 
605 

57 
2048 

61 
633 
593 
1118 
315 
644 
149 
335 
546 
363 
711 
2153 
197 
313 

89 



Total .... 
Majority 



26335 I 20686 
6619 



26233 

4C6L 



2U72 




20690 



Note— There were 358 votes cast in the state for Levering 
(Pro.) electors, and 349 votes cast for Gordon, prohibition nominee 
for congress. , 






■»•• 









« 
> 



160 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL. 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOV- 

- ERNOR, 1898. 



COUNTIES 



Barnes .... 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau . . . 

Burleigh 

vCass 

Cavalier 

Dickey .. 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Porks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry . . . 

Mcintosh 

McLean .... 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey ; 

Ransom 

Richland . . . . 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman . . 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams ... 



Congress 



1898 



P^ 






m 



1151 

691 

89 

509 

706 

2615 
932 
696 
391 
364 
286 

2226 
396 
219 
612 
135 
290 
587 
276 
172 
862 
760 
83 

1537 
326 
604 
758 

1602 
400 
684 
506 
596 
816 
469 

1460 

1583 
490 
722' 
145 



^ 



o 

u 
O 



Governor 



1898 



« 



u 

a 



787 


1 
1167 


304 


732 


9 


92 


472 


514 


231 


778 


1396 


2609 


680 


932 


523 


713 


179 


398 


228 


404 


232 


304 


1438 


1409 


337 


377 


61 


229 


367 


600 


16 


137 


214 


291 


35 


585 


71 


299 


26 


190 


511 


837 


644 


730 


73 


94 


10'<7 


1549 


115 


328 


774 


771 


601 


779 


1337 


1594 


344 


427 


4^5 


6?6 


269 


547 


231 


614 


554 


821 


281 


460 


425 


1289 


1795 


1548 


223 


523 


392 


774 


107 


147 



fe 



a 



819 
269 
6 
482 
163 

1463 
812 
527 
202 
195 
^7 

2563 

365 

62 

381 

16 

212 

49 

52 

9 

514 

6S1 

67 

1237 
108 
550 
614 

1351 
320 
49? 
242 
252 
652 

•291 
659 

1928 
194 
371 
163 



Total . . , 
Majority 



27776 
9932 



17844 



27308 
7812 



19496 



• » 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



161 



VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, CONGRESSMAN 
AND GOVERNOR, 1900. 



COUNTIES 



President 



(4 



a 

o 

1^ 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier '. 

Dickey * 

Eddy 

Emmons ., 

Poster -** 

Grand Forks .* '..'." 

Griggs ^ 

Kidder ^.:........ 

LaMoure ...y.. 

^Logan .... J, c. ... . ... 

McHenry /, '"///. 

Mclntosl;/ .'.*.'.' .'*..' * .' '. 

McLean 

Mercer / *. .','.' .". .' 

Mortori 

Nelsoih 

OUve^r *.* * 

PeDiblna .".*.*.'.". 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

cansom 

Lichland 

Lolette 

Bargent 

/Stark 

;Steele 

/ Stutsman ". . . 

/ Towner 

I Traill 

' Walsh 

Ward 

' Wells 

/ Williams 

» — ^ — - — 

Total 

Majority 



1324 

1084 
158 
728 
679 

348.5' 

13«1 
7e3 
455 
433 
415 

2603 
527 
225 
597 
231 
695 
668 
687 
269 

1056 
994 
110 

1732 
535 

1147 
924 

2067 
566 
765 
780 
724 

1077 
805 

1537 

1807 
880 
966 
249 



U 



Congress 



p; 



90 

a 
1^ 



0) 



Governor 



P^ 






1077 


1286 


1076 


1527 


319 


1097 


308 


1063 


ol 


152 


66 


146 


628 


715 


630 


721 


339 


669 


859 


662 


1636 


3209 


1968 


3333 


1211 


1342 


1171 


1817 


567 


771 


676 


739 


235 


443 


246 


444 


311 


426 


305 


416 


241 


417 


251 


411 


1352 


2505 


1554 


2481 


407 


493 


437 


516 


70 


226 


80 


219 


405 


683 


432 


666 


35 


231 


32 


173 


222 


591 


215 


677 


125 


669 


110 


602 


no 


681 


104 


577 


41 


262 


39 


221 


536 


1026 


650 


956 


576 


•952 


611 


950 


76 


97 


79 


81 


1321 


1674 


1341 


1651 


276 


529 


270 


528 


496 


1133 


477 


1105 


499 


899 


611 


903 


1399 


1991 


1456 


1636 


355 


571 


346 


576 


564 


763 


672 


781 


426 


762 


409 


704 


214 


715 


203 


685 


711 


1049 


709 


1020 


454 


786 


442 


780 


409 


1463 


468 


1339 


1804 


1753 


1803 


1730 


864 


871 


876 


841 


388 


959 


406 


873 


96 


247 


98 


249 



a 
a 

B 

u 

a 
a 



903 
&16 
61 
622 
861 

1830 

12rO 
597 
249 
323 
261 

1617 
413 
87 
458 
106 
237 
181 
122 
82 
626 
613 
101 

1361 
276 
632 
526 

1864 
345 
609 
485 
177 
759 
456 
694 

1841 

409 

616 

98 



36898 I 20581 J 34887 I 2U15 I 84C62 ) 22276 
16367 1 1 13712 I I 11777 



( Note.— WooUey (pro) for president received 731 votes; Debs 

(soc-dem;.) 520 and Barker (peoples) 111. For Congress. Mott, (pro) 
received 585; C?harcot, (soc-dem.) 412 and Blair (peoples) 122. For 

-^ Gtovernor, Carlton (pro) received 660; Poague (soc-dem.) 426 and 
3^tfj3or (peoples) 213. 



J 



162 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE BY PRECINCTS IN EACH COUNTY, 1902. 

BARNES COUNTY. 
(Fifteenth and Twenty-e.'glith Liegislative Districts.) 



PRECINCT 



Representatives 
Congress. 


In 


Governor. 


• 
• 
• 


• 
• 


P 


q 


a 


tf 


P 


r 


• 


• 


















»— « 


•d 


60 iJ 


d 
ed 




eA 


d 


> 


"7! 


c 


• A 





e3 


§ 


0< 


3 


0) 


U 


^ 





»4 




Ko. 
No. 

1^0. 

>fo. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 

1^0. 

No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
-No. 
No. 
-No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 

:no. 
:no. 

No. 

3^0. 

No. 

No. 
T^o. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 



1 .. 

2 .. 

3 .. 

4 . 
5— 

6 .. 

7 . 

8 . 

9 . 

10 . 

11 , 
12 
13 

It 
35 

16 . 

17 . 
18 
19 
20 

21 
2? 
23 
24 

25 , 
26 
27 . 
28 
59 
30 
31 

32 . 
33.. 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38, 
39 
40 
41 
42 
43 

44 . 
45 
46 
47. 



13 
13 

9 
45 

8 

50- 
10 
18 
18 
13 
14 
23 
15 

9 
28 
16 
13 
10 
10 
15 
12 
31 
15 

r3 

13 
13 
20 
7 
9 
8 
8 

13 
23 
39 
?8 
43 
31 
38 
45 
16 
41 
14 
39 
67 
128 
71 
36 



15 

11 

6 

45 

6 

48 

9 

21 

15 

15 

15 

19 

14 

10 

26 

18 

12 

10 

9 

16 

10 

31 

13 

37 

12 

U 

20 

8 

9 

9 

6 

9 

25 

38 

34 

45 

28 

42 

46 

13 

37 

11 

38 

66 

135 

69 

36 



1 

14 

9 

13 

11 

39 

9 

14 

7 

6 

2 

2 

« • • 

5 
6 
7 
2 
3 

14 
2 
4 
5 
5 
8 
7 
6 
1 

10 
8 

13 
1 
3 

11 
1 
7 

37 
9 

18 
5 
6 

10 
6 
7 

12 

20 
6 
9 



1 


1 


14 


• • • • 


7 


• ■ • • 


16 


3 


12 


2 


28 


• • • • 


8 


• ■ • • 


15 


1 


6 


• • • ■ 


5 


• • • • 


1 


• • • • 


2 


• • • • 


• • 

6 


• • • • 

6 


7 


• • • • 


7 


1 


2 


1 


5 


1 


11 


6 


3 


2 


3 


2 


6 


1 


8 


3 


6 


• • • • 


8 


• • • • 


7 


• • • • 


• • 


3 


13 


20 


6 


3 


12 


1 


1 


3 


5 


1 


12 


1 


3 


• • • « 


12 


2 


35 


• • • • 


10 


3 


25 


5 


9 


16 


11 


6 


16 


1 


11 


1 


8 


5 


35 


6 


19 


3 


5 


2 


12 


4 



14 
14 
10 
49 
13 
54 
15 
25 
20 
17 
18 
24 
15 
10 
34 
23 
14 
tJ. 
10 
15 
21 
39 
16 
37 
13 
14 
23 
18 

9 
X5 

9 

12 
26 
45 
41 
45 
32 
48 
48 
17 
46 
14 
45 
74 
145 
70 
37 I 



2 

13 
9 

16 
9 

29 
8 

14 
9 
3 
2 
1 

•9 
4 
5 
3 
3 

15 

7 

^ 4 

6 

la 
11 
9 
1 
5 
7 

8 

1 

6 

9 

2 

9 

44 

11 

20 

8 

7 

13 
5 
13 
18 
22 
11 
11 



9 
2 



• • • • 



4 

1 

• • 

1 
3 
2 
2 



1 
2 
16 
1 
1 
2 
1 
1 



1 
4 
16 
4 
1 
4 

5 

f» 
I 

3 

1 

4 



Totals 11201 11178 | 391 } 434 | 116 [|1364 \ 437 | 108 




STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



163 



BENSON COUNTY. 
(Twentieth Legislative District.) 



PRECINCT 



Pleasant Lake 

Knox 

York 

Leeds Village ....... 

Leeds 

Irvln 

Iowa 

Twin Lake , 

Beaver 

Lake Ibsen 

Normanla 

Cranberry Valley ..-. 

Broe 

Butte 

McClellan 

Rlggln 

Esmond 

Isabel 

Albert 

West Mlnnewaukon 

Minnewaukon 

Graham's Island — 
Pleasant Valley .... 

Hesper 

Maddock 

Aurora 

North Fork 

Fairview 

Viking 

West Antelope 

Oberon 

South Side 

Totten 

Minco 



Representatives 
Congress. 


in 


Governor. 


• 


• 
• 


Q 


p 


OQ 


^ 


Q 


OQ 


• 


a 

60 














.d 


• • 


3 




ba 


5 


a 






a 

DQ 


> 

5 


•3 


a 




2 


g 



15 
60 
66 

60 
26 
27 

9 
34 
32 
22 
44 
29 
38 
59 
19 
37 
72 
29 
35 
26 
82 

5 
41 
30 
58 
29 
20 
35 
35 
29 
71 
12 
90 

8 



15 
62 
59 
51 
26 
28 

9 
33 
29 
22 
14 
29 
36 
57 
18 
35 
67 
26 
33 
24 
79 

4 
89 
28 
54 
27 
21 
35 
33 
30 
66 
12 
89 

8 



6 
19 
20 
19 

6 

9 

1 

2 

1 

6 

4 

6 

9 I 

6 

6 
26 
12 

6 • 

5 

5 
33 

5 

8 
13 
13 
14 
16 

4 

6 

7 
20 

9 
56 

2 



6 


3 


14 


18 




56 


20 




57 


19 




46 


6 




24 


9 




25 


1 




9 


3 




32 


1 




31 


5 




?.?, 


4 




41 


5 




29 


9 




37 


8 




59 


6 




18 


25 




36 


16 


1 


67 


6 




28 


7 




29 


6 




28 


32 




75 


4 




4 


9 




40 


14 




29 


13 




53 


16 




27 


16 




18 


4 




36 


7 




34 


7 




30 


19 




65 


9 




12 


56 


1 


88 


2 


1 


8 



7 

26 

21 

26 

8 

13 

1 

3 

1 

5 

7 

6 

12 

8 

6 

25 

17 

6 

9 

5 

41 

6 

8 

15 

18 

15 

19 

4 

7 

7 

27 

7 

56 

1 



3 



3 



1 
1 



2 



• • • • 

• * • • 



1 
2 



Totals 



1263 11228 



379 



388 I 11 111207 443 17 

II 



164 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



BILI4NGS C!OUNTY. 



PRECINCT 



Riepresentatives 
Congress. 


in 


Governor 


• 
• 


Pi 

• 
• 


P 


Q 


DC 


; ^ 


P 


QQ 


• 


• 
• 

to 














rt 


a 




•a 


1 




fl 




<n 
u 

1^ 


9 

a 

03 


C3 

o 


o 


King 
White 


a) 

B 

2 
o 






Bishop 

Mlklcelson . . . 
McQuillan . . . 
Sent. Butte . 

Medora 

Rainy Butte 
H. T. Ranch 
Yule , 



^1 



Totals 




132 I 138 I 18 



BOTTINEAU COUNTY. 



Nap. Lolselle . . . 

Tarsus 

Lindberg 

Henry Russell .,. 

R. Brander 

E. Reed 

Antler 

Mountain View .. 
Thos. Kelly's ... 
P. J. Ferguson's 

Dalen 

Amity 

Omemee 

J. Atkinson 

J. McDonald 

Willow City 

Oak Valley 

E. Kreuger . . . . , 

A. Theil 

West Bottineau . 
East Bottineau . 

E. Dewey 

J. Lambe's 

Richburg .. 

South Peabody .. 

Waddle 

Lundy 

Souria 

Logan's 



I 



• • • • < 



13 
38 
59 
16 
8 
40 
60 
44 
26 
55 
39 
18 
27 
19 
20 
45 
13 
13 
40 
^6 
43 
51 
78 
f-5 
13 
44 
138 
47 
46 







13 


27 


37 


31 


58 


16 


13 


10 


8 


15 


41 


25 


58 


£5 


45 


34 


26 


22 


55 


14 


38 


3 


17 


6 


28 


38 


18 


23 


21 


11 


45 


34 


14 


18 


9 


17 


39 


78 


26 


18 


46 


32 


49 


18 


74 


58 


66 


37 


18 


21 


45 


14 


139 


74 


48 \ 


20 


44 


■ 17 



Totals 11144 IU32 I 766 I 780 I 68 

I I I \ I 




11115 816 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



165 



BURLEIGH CX)UNTY. 
(Twenty-seyenth Legislattre District) 



PRECINCT 



Representatives 
Congress. 


in 


Governor. 


(4 

• 


Pi 

• 


P 


Q 


03 


« 


q 


BQ 


• 
• 


• 
• 




• 




• 
: 1 


• 

• 




« 


c 




»o 




t 


i a 




.a 


2 
"3 

OQ 


3 


1 


to 




Crona 





Bismarck— First Ward . . . . 
Bismarck— Court House . . 

Lincoln 

Apple Creek 

Boyd 

Logan 

White 

Morton 

Telfer 

Manning 

Fort Rice ...v 

Bismarck— Third Ward . . . 
Bismarck — High School 

Hay Creek 

Gibbs 

Menoken 

McKenzle 

Sterling 

Driscoll 

Sibley 

Francis 

Naughton 

Burnt Creek 

Riverview 

Grass Lake 

McMnnn's 

Ghylln 

Ecklund 

Painted Woods 

Glen view 

Crofte 

Cromwell 

Total 



75 
91 
26 
12 

8 
15 
13 

5 
14 
23 

6 

62 

104 

6 
18 
15 

I' 

12 

4 

8 
21 

9 

6 
43 
11 
18 
38 
21 
24 
23 
14 



I 



77 
90 
26^ 
12 

8 
15 
12 

5 
14 
22 

6 

59 

105 

6 
17 
17 

6 

5 
12 

4 

8 
21 

9 

6 
41 
U 
18 
34 
21 
24 
22 
14 



45 
27 

2 

7 

8 

5 

6 

2 

6 

3 
12 
36 
33 
18 

4 

2 

V 

3 

6 

7 

6 
11 

6 

7 
14 

7 
21 

5 

4 

4 

3 



• • • • 

• • • • 



• • • • 

• • • • 



a • • • 
• • • • 



43 
26 

2 

5 

3 

6 

6 

3 

6 

3 
12 
36 
33 
18 

4 

4 5 
13 I.... 

3 

4 

7 

7 

6 
U 

6 

8 
14 

7 
22 

5 

4 

6 

3 



64 
90 
26 
12 

8 
16 
18 

4 
13 
21 

7 

7 
102 

6 
16 
17 

61 

8 
U 

3 

8 
21 
10 

5 
42 
12 
18 
30 
20 
22 
21 
16 



61 
34 

2 

9 

6 

5 

6 

3 

7 .. 

6 
12 
12 
39 
18 

6 

4 

18 . 

2 

3 

8 

8 

6 
10 

7 

7 
14 

8 
31 

7 

6 

4 

3 



755 I 747 332 340 



12 II 723 I 395 I 6 

I I ( 



166 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



CASS COUNTY. 





Representatives in 
Congress. 


Governor. 


• 


• 


• 


P 


• 


03 


' « 


P 


OQ 


PRECINCT 


"3 


• 




• 




* i • 


a 






?! 


S 


0) 


S' 


<u \ 

60 t5 




■M 




1^ 


I 

m 


> 

.5 


t 


5 


1 % 




2 

C5 


Addison 


14 
39 


12 

40 


5 
4 


6 
4 




11 

39 


8 
5 




Amenia 


• • • • 


Arthur 


25 


23 


12 


11 




23 


13 


« • • • 


Ayr 


18 


18 


7 


7 




3 16 


8 


s 


Barnes 


20 


19 


7 


8 




16 


12 


• • • * 


Bell 


17 


17 


4 


4 




11 


7 


• • • • 


Berlin 


23 


23 


8 


8 




1 11 


19 


1 


Buffalo 


37 


37 


12 


12 




1 31 


18 


1 


Casselton 


12 


12 


4 


4 




8 


7 




Clifton 


3 


3 


4 


4 




3 


4 




Cornell 


10 


10 


4 


3 




10 


4 




Davennort Vlllaare 


21 


18 


5 


8 




4 17 


10 


3 


Davenoort t* w'd ........' 


17 


14 


6 


8 




14 


8 




Dows 


6 


5 


• • • • 


• • • • 




1 6 


• • • • 


X 


Durbin 


44 


44 


• • • • 


• • • • 




40 


4 




Eldred 


4 
27 


5 
26 


6 
5 


6 

6 




4 
25 


6 
5 




Emnire . . . .• 




Erie 


22 

9 

13 


21 
12 
14 


8 
9 
6 


8 
7 
6 




21 

6 

2 13 


12 
12 

7 




Everest 




Fargo 


2 


Gardner 


28 
24 


24 


5 

6 


5 
6 




21 
21 


14 
9 




Gill 


v 


Harmony 


4 


2 


6 


• • ■ • 




• • • • • 


6 


•#'j 


Harwood 


34 


38 


13 


14 




1 24 


22 


• 1 


Hijfhland 


10 


8 


2 


2 




7 


5 




Hill 


7 

6 

43 


7 

6 

38 


.2 

7 
8 


2 

7 
9 




6 
1 6^ 
1 42 


4 
7 
9 




Howes 


1 


Hunter 


1 


Lake 


10 


10 


• • • • 


1 




2 10 


1 


1 


Leonard 


21 


19 


10 


10 




1 19 


11 


1 


Kinyon 


40 


37 


7 


10 


• • • 


30 


15 


• • • ■ 


Manle River 


8 


8 


7 


7 




8 


9 




Mapleton 


21 


20 


6 


6 


• • • 


15 


12 


• • • • 


Manleton Villaare 


22 


21 


11 


11 




6 


29 




Noble 


34 


34 


6 


6 




3 33 


8 


2 


Norman 


75 


72 


19 


22 


1 


7 70 


21 


1» 


Pasre * 


49 

48 


50 
47 


25 
15 


25 
16 


• • • 


49 
1 46 


24 
17 




Pleasant 


1 


Pontiac 


8 


8 


4 


4 


• • • 


8 


4 


• • • « 


Ravmond 


23 


2? 


7 


8 




16 


14 




Reed 


31 


30 


7 


8 




1 28 


13 


1 


Rich ...* 


11 


11 


5 


5 


• • • 


9 


7 


• * • • 


Rochester 


8 


8 


4 


4 


• • • 


7 


5 


• • • • 


Rush River 


H 
56 


12 
52 


• • • • 

34 


2 
37 


• • • 


11 
5 37 


3 
64 




Stanley 


4 


Tower 


63 


68 


12 


12 


• • • 


50 


25 


• • • • 


"Walbursr 


59 
31 


58 
30 


5 

7 


3 

8 


• • • 


57 
1 28 


7 


• • • • 


Warren 


18 1 


Watson 


14 


14 


4 


4 ... 


13 5 I.... 


Webster 


10 


10 


13 


13 


• • ■ 


10 


13 1 


• • • • 



STATE OF NORTH DAK^OTA 



167 



CASS COUNTr-Continued. 



PRECINCT 



Representatives 
Congress. 


in 


QoTernor. 


« 
• 


• 
• 


Q 


Q 


m 


^ 


P 


to 


• 


• 

to 










,; 






■ 2 






60 


5 


a 


■M 


rr< 


a 


► 


• r- * 


c 


A 


o 


ej 


^ 


^ 


o 


0) 

1^ 


•«4 


& 


u 


(4 



Wheatland 

Wiser 

City of Fargo: 

1st ward 

2nd Ward 

3rd Ward 

4th Ward, 1st precinct.... 

4th ward, 2nd precinct ... 

5th ward, 1st precinct '..... 

5th ward. 2nd precinct ... 

6th ward, 1st precinct... 

6th ward, 2nd precinct 

City of Casselton: 

1st ward 

2nd ward 

3rd ward 













1 


1 


38 


38 


11 


7 


• • • • 


36 


13 1 


15 


13 


4 


5 


■ • • • 


1 11 


9 1 
1 


154 


146 


49 


S9 


8 


123 


100 1 


91 


93 


27 


32 


18 


77 


70 


111 


106 


15 


12 


8 


68 


60 


143 


132 


43 


41 


8 


86 


102 


142 


127 


49 


42 


12 


97 


98 


131 


126 


52 


43 


9 


86 


104 


85 


67 


42 


43 


16 


57 


79 


86 


76 


20 


26 


23 


60 


58 


101 


15 


27 


31 


19 


80 


66 


30 


29 


35 


29 


• • • • 


24 


39 


26 


24 


24 


21 


• • • • 


23 


26 


32 


36 


28 


21 


• • • • 


23 


35 1 

* 



' • • • • 



7 
15 

» • * 

8 
7 
10 
18 
20 
14 



Totals 12375 12255 i 799 

. . Ill 



778 



167 111863 11419 I 144 



CAVALIER COUNTY. 



Alma 64 

Berlin 13 

Billings 37 

Boyd 17 

Bruce 11 

Cypress 40 

Dresden i 39 

Easby 18 

East Alma 25 

Fremont 35 

Gleniia 15 

Gordon 30 

Grey 11 

Harvey 36 

Henderson 35 

Hope 60 

Huron I i6 

Jackson | 17 

Langdon | 11 

Langdon, 1st ward ...I 50 

2nd ward i 46 

3rd ward 26 

Linden 110 

Loam 45 

Manilla I 11 

McKinley 1 10 



63 
15 
37 
18 
14 
40 
36 
20 
^3 
35 
14 
32 
12 
34 
14 
60 
25 
17 
14 
51 
47 
27 
106 
44 
11 
10 



32 


1 
32 


4 


69 


11 


-12 


• • • • 


1 14 


49 


54 


3 


1 39 


9 


7 




1 18 


10 


10 




13 


23 


20 




43 


30 


30 


2 


1 R5 


9 


7 




31 


31 


33 




25 


31 


30 




33 


23 


25 


1 


13 


7 


9 




32 


21 


?.? 




11 


10 


9 




36 


24 


23 




18 


28 


2^ 


2 


61 


13 


15 




29 


25 


21 




14 


19 


18 




15 


43 


40 




53 


39 


39 




42 


14 ' 


" 14 




23 


30 


28 


2 


110 


53 


53 


1 


45 


16 


17 


• • • • 


15 


11 


12 


• • • • 


11 



48 
12 
51 

9 
11 
26 
39 

9 

36 
31 
26 

9 
21 
12 
20 
27 
13 
29 
19 
41 
39 
22 
36 
53 
17 
I 12 



1 
1 



2 

> • 

2 



4 
1 



168 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



CAVALIER COUNTY-Continued. 



PRECINCT 



Representatives 
Congress. 


In 


Governor. 


• 
• 


Pi 

• 
• 
• 


P 


Q 


GQ 


tf 


Q 


OQ 


• 

•-4 


• 

60 






; 1 








1 


c 




'd 






■ fl 




S2 

01 


1 


1 

2 


P 


.60 
C 

3 






C 

e: 
u 

O 



Milton 

Montrose 

Moscow 

Mt. Carmel ... 

Olga 

Osnabroek .... 

Perry 

South Dresden 

Storlle 

Tryer 

Weber 

Total 



48 


49 


20 


81 


82 


23 


14 


13 


2 


17 


17 


48 


120 


123 


4C 


2S 


27 


11 


24 


26 


20 


34 


36 


31 


39 


36 


24 


7 


7 


25 


40 


41 


3 



17 
27 
2 
49 
43 
12 
20 
30 
26 
25 
22 



1265 



1276 I 882 



DICKEY COUNTY. 



Bare Creek , 

Norway 

Yorktown 

Porter 

Keystone , 

Merrlcourt 

Whltestone 

Spring Valley 

Elm , 

Elden 

EUendale 

Kentner 

Hudson 

Port Emma 

Lovell 

Albion 

Ada 

Van Meter 

Kent 

Wright 

James River Valley 

Valley 

Riverdale 

EUendale: 

1st ward 

2nd ward 

3rd ward 

Oakes: 

1st ward 

2nd ward 

3rd ward 



20 
27 
19 
38 
35 
32 
57 
58 
10 
14 
16 

5 
24 
16 
34 

8 
12 
10 
11 

7 
45 

6 
18 

26 
30 

28 

69 
39 
37 



17 
23 
15 
?5 
32 
33 
58 
56 
11 

9 
17 

4 
20 
15 
36 

9 
11 

6 

9 

7 
43 

5 
16 

21 
28 
25 

51 
30 
82 



9 

10 

15 

12 

15 

11 

12 

53 

7 

9 

5 

10 

8 

3 

15 

15 

14 

8 

9 

8 

15 

6 

4 

13 
16 
16 

9 
6 

4 



12 
13 
20 
14 
15 
10 
11 
54 

7 
11 

6 
10 

9 

3 

14 
15 
14 
11 
11 

9 
16 

7 

6 

18 
17 
17 

12 

11 

6 



3 

4 
10 





- 


47 


23 


83 


27 


14 


3 


16 


50 .. 


10 


60 .. 


30 


12 .. 


29 


22 .. 


33 


34 .. 


38 


28 


7 


26 .. 


43 


22 



2 

3 

10 



885 I 39 



1297 I S68 I 43 



'■^" I '■' i . % I I I w > 



I 



1 

9 



1 
1 



1 
1 
2 
5 
6 



4 
2 
1 



17 

25 

15 

36 

34 

33 

56 

55 

12 

12 

17 

5 

22 

16 

34 

11 

11 

8 

9 

t 

47 

6 

17 

24 
28 
23 

60 
31 
31 



11 


1 


11 


10 


19 


1 


12 


1 


14 




10 




12 




53 




6 




10 




6 




10 




7 


o 


3 




16 




14 




14 


2 


9 


1 


12 


2 


8 


5 


14 


4 


7 


• • • • 


5 


• • • • 


16 


4 


16 


1 


20 


2 


14 


2 


6 


• • • • 


7 


• • • • 



Totals 



I 741 I 673 I 337 | 378 | 34 || 691 | «60 I 38 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



169 



KDDY COUNTY. 





Representatives in 
Congress. 


Governor. 




« 




Q 


P 

• 


OG 


' « 


P 


m 


PRECINCT 


• 
• 


• 
• 




t 












j3 


60 




• 














c 
2 




•a 


9 
^ - 


a 






M 


ei 


>■ 


•2* 


cf 


jH 


o 


OS 




^ 




|3 




u 


j| ^ 


u 


5- 


New Rockf ord 


108 
121 


I 1 
106 Bi 1 


51 
14 


1 

• • • 


7 M 96 
120 


67 
13 


8 


Sheyenne 


119 


14 




Hall 


30 


30 


31 


30 


• • • 


33 


30 




Sheldon 


13 


13 


2 


2 


« • • 


13 


2 




Rocky Mountain 


31 
34 


30 
33 


10 
12 


11 
11 


• • • 


31 
L 36 


11 
10 




Pitt ^ 




Tiffany 


14 


14 


15 


15 


f... 


16 


13 




Colvln 


38 


37 


12 


11 




L 38 


12 


1 


Dutee 


20 


19 


3 


3 


• • • 


18 


2 


2 


Fay 


15 


14 


3 


5 




3 14 


5 


3 



Totals 



I 



424 I 414 I 156 I 153 J 12 II 415 I 165 I 14 



EMMONS COUNTY. 



Bnrr Oak .. 

Denhem 

CSay ton 

Hampton 

Cherry Grove 

Logan 

Williamsport , 

Omio 

Daklm 

Exeter 

Selz 

Bakker 

Liinton 

Strassburg . . 
Westfield .... 

Union 

Burge 

Winona 

Glanavon .... 



25 


£6 


3 


3 


• • • • 


25 


9 


9 


8 


7 


• • • • 


10 


19 


19 


1 


1 


2 


19 


26 


25 


1 


1 


• • • • 


25 


34 


35 


10 


11 


• • • • 


34 


25 


25 


5 


5 


1 


25 


22 


23 


7 


6 


2 


23 


10 


10 


4 


4 




10 


5 


5 


17 


15 




5 


4 


4 


44 


44 




4 


1? 


7 


31 


31 




7 


17 


19 


19 




18 


51 


51 


3 


3 




51 


10 


10 


38 


38 




10 


41 


42 


8 


7 




41 


22 


22 


12 


12 




22 


15 


16 


6 


6 




18 


35 


.^5 


5 


5 




35 


30 


30 


8 


9 


2 


20 



3 

6 

1 I 2 

1 I.... 
11 I 1 

5 I 1 

7 I 2 

4 I.... 
17 I.... 
44 
31 
19' 

3 
38 

8 
12 

4 

5 
10 



• • • • 

• • • 



Totals 



407 



411 



230 



227 



411 229 



8 



170 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



FOSTER COUNTY. 



PRECINCT 



Representatives 
Congress. 


in 


Governor. 


(4 

• 
• 


• 
• 


P 


Q 


QQ 


• 
• 


Q 


CQ 


• 


■ 








• 
• 
• 
• 






a 


G 




'd 






a 




ui 

u 


1 

QQ 


"3 
> 

o 


s 




White 


o 

u 


•4-» 

B 

2 
o 



Jones 

McKinley 

Johnson , 

Bordulac 

Melville 

Pleasant Valley 

Carrington 

Rose Hill 

Haven 

Roosevelt 

Glenfleld 

McHenry 

Dewey 

Larraber .■ 

Nordmore 

Barlow 

City of Carrington: 

1st ward 

2nd ward I 

3rd ward 











35 


15 


8 


8 


10 


10 ' 


4 


4 


20 


21 


10 


10 


36 


17 


9 


9 


23 


24 


9 


9 


21 


20 


4 


4 


27 


28 


25 


25 


16 


16 


14 


13 


21 


22 


4 


5 


1 19 


19 


12 


12 


1 31 


30 


24 


25 


19 


2B 


30 


27 


4 


5 


. 7 


8 


21 


39 


7 


6 


31 


34 


4 


4 


46 


46 


33 


33 


33 


31 


25 


25 


1 50 1 


45 


21 


20 



1 
1 
1 



I 36 I 39 I 8 I 7 1.... 



16 
9 
20 
i 17 
26 
20 
20 
16 
18 
18 
27 
i8 
4 
22 
34 
37 

19 
39 
20 



7 

5 

10 

9 

10 

4 

38 

15 

10 

12 

27 

33 

8 

6 

4 

40 

39 
34 
28 



I 2 



1 
1 
1 



• • • » 



Totals 472 i 469 



258 *^t4 I 4 



40J .S39 I & 



GRAND FORKS COUNTY. 



Pleasant View .. 

Blooming 

Chester 

Fairfield 

Grace 

Inkster twp 

Avon 

Strabane 

Northwood Twp. 

Lakeville 

Allendale 

Agnes 

Walle 

Washington 

Ellen Grove 

Lind 

Logan 

Bentru 

Elkmonnt 

Niagara 

Union 

Oakwood 



22 
32 
33 
14 
35 
18 
22 
26 
45 
27 
25 
22 
50 
17 
19 
38 
14 
31 
27 
29 
31 



20 
33 
40 
13 
35 
17 
21 
27 
47 
30 
26 
23 
48 
19 
20 
37 
14 
30 
26 
29 
22 



16 I 19 



5 

15 

21 

5 

7 

9 

11 

7 

4 

9 

14 

21 

31 

18 

21 

1 

9 

6 

10 

32 

19 

15 



I 



7 

16 

21 

5 

6 

9 

14 

6 

5 

9 

14 

19 

30 

21 

21 

4 

9 

7 

10 

11 

19 

14 



• • • • I 



I 



I • « • • 



14 


16 




36 


16 




30' 


35 




13 


5 




34 


8 




17 


12 


• • • •- 


16 


17 




23 


14 




42 


9 




26 


14 




19 


25 


• • • •- 


19 


23 




36 


47 




16 


23 




12 


30 




36 


5 




13 


12 




25 


12 1.... 


20 


19 1.... 


21 


21 |.... 


31 


19 1.... 


13 


23 


!••••> 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



171 



GRAND FORKS COUNTY -Continued. 



PRECINCT 



Representatives . 
Congress. 


In 


Governor. 


• 
• 


• 
• 


' 




w 


, pj 1 


^ ' 


m 


. 

•-J 


• 

ti 














ce 


c 




'O 






a 








»-4 




to 

to -a 


s 






OQ 


> 

3 


Uel 




1 ^ 


o 

u 


2 
o 



Oakville 

Michigan .... 

Levant 

ArvlUa 

Wheatfleld 

Moraine " 

Lioretta 

Larlmore Twp 

Johnstown 

Hegton 

Gllby 

Falconer — , 

Ferry 

Harvey 

Mecklnock 

Rye 

Turtle River 

Amerlcus 

Brenna 

Grand Forks Twp 

City of Grand Forks: 

1st ward 

2nd ward, 1st precinct . 

2nd ward, 2nd precinct 

3rd ward 

4th ward 

5th ward 

6th ward 

Inkster City -.. 

Larlmore City: 

1st ward 

2nd ward 

3rd ward '" 

Northwood City: 

1st ward 

2nd ward 

3rd ward 

Reynolds City, 1st ward 

2nd ward 



9 


11 


2 


6 




11 


3 




8 


10 


15 


15 




7 


18 




15 


15 


24 


23 




10 


31 




22 


22 


12 


12 




21 


13 




26 


27 


8 


9 




k7 


9 




18 


17 


3 


3 




19 


2 




38 


38 


.3 


4 




3V 


5 




6 


9 


10 


12 




3 


14 




23 


22 


9 


9 




22 


12 




14 


14 


7 


8 




10 


12 




45 


43 


19 


17 




30 


35 




8 


8 


6 


6 




7 


7 




63 


67 


21 


22 




58 


40 




14 


14 


8 


8 




10 


11 




28 


80 


26 


27 




28 


33 




7 


10 


16 


17 




11 


16 




17 


22 


28 


24 




19 


35 




34 


34 


7 


17 




25 


20 




17 


15 


9 


11 




17 


10 




19 


21 


6 


6 




16 


13 




123 


138 


36 


36 


'. . . . 


94 


S3 




92 


95 


37 


46 




68 


^5 




49 


67 


25 


33 




32 


72 




50 


59 


38 


36 




44 


76 




108 


117 


57 


54 




77 


110 




116 


130 


63 


51 




99 


105 




71 


80 


43 


41 




59 


92 




36 


35 


19 


19 




30 


29 




37 


38 


11 


4 




33 


16 




52 


54 


38 


34 




48 


£3 




30 


30 


12 


11 




23. 


20 




28 


27 


8 


9 




26 


10 




18 


18 


4 


6 




18 


6 




38 


38 


10 


10 




38 


10 




8 


7 


4 


5 




5 


9 




7 


7 


3 


2 




3 


8 





Total n897 



1995 



917 



939 



11596 1538 I.. 



172 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



GRIGGS COUNTY. 



PRECINCT 



Broadview 

Sverdrup 

Washburn . . . . 

Ronmess 

Lenora 

Grreenfield 

Bald Hill 

Coopers town Twp 

Tyrol , 

Pilot Mound , 

Bartley 

Helena 

Clearfield 

Addle 

Willow 

Dover 

Mabel 

Second District 

Bryon , 

Rosendal 

Village of Cooperstown 



Totals I 443 



Representatives 
Congress. 


in 


Governor. 


• 
• 
« 


• 
• 


P 





DQ 


p; 


P 


oQ 


• 










9 • 









a 




•o 






fl 




Marsl 


d 
fit 
OQ 


1 

3 


1 




§ 


Crona 


C 

2 



9 


10 


10 


14 


• • • • 


23 


21 


19 


22 


1 


30 


29 


3 


3 


2 


14 


15 


5 


6 


4 


25 


24 


• • 1 • 


• • • • 


1 


41 


34 


12 


13 


3 


19 


17 


19 


19 


2 


24 


24 


10 


10 




15 


12 


16 


18 




26 


26 


2 


2 


1 


11 


8 


12 


14 




16 


14 


9 


9 




5 


4 


28 


22 




16 


15 


18 


19 




15 


16 


7 


9 


1 


20 


21 


3 


2 




20 


18 


6 


7 




5 


4 


7 


7 




16 


16 


8 


9 


3 


12 


12 


6 


7 


• • • • 


82 


84 


43 


44 


3 



422 I 237 
I 



256 



10 
22 
30 
13 
22 
33 
17 
24 
16 
26 

9 
14 

6 
16 
15 
19 
18 

4 
16 
IS 
67 



21 II 409 



17 

21 

5 

9 

4 

20 

22 

10 

18 

• • • 

14 

10 

23 

19 

8 

4 

8 

6 

10 

6 

63 



1 
2 
2 
2 
3 
2 



8 

> • 

5 



296 I 21 

I 



KIDDER COUNTY. 



Buckeye 

Woodlawn 

Allen 

Sibley 

Crystal Springs 

Christina 

Tappen 

Pleasant Hill .. 

Liberty 

Rexin 

MayervlUe 



Manning | 16 



16 


16 


47 


45 


25 


25 


32 


33 


7 


6 


16 


15 


26 


26 


14 


13 


20 


20 


25 


25* 


10 


10 


16 


16 



1 


1 






16 


2 




7 


, 7 






48 


9 




6 


5 






27 


6 




11 


10 






32 


11 




2 


1 






6 


3 




2 


2 






17 


1 




5 


3 






26 


7 




3 


3 






14 


6 




1 


1 






20 


1 




5 


5 






26 


6 




1 


1 






10 


1 




1 


1 




i 


17 


• • • • 


1 



Total 



254 



250 I 44 
I 



40 I 1 II 259 I 52 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



17S 



LAMOURE COUNTY. 



PRECINCT 



Ovid 

LaMoure 

LaMoure City 

Cottonwood 

Lakevlew 

Wlllowbok 

Golden Glen 

Pomona View 

Norway 

Logan 

Twin Lake 

Grand Rapids 

Henrietta 

Wano 

Nora 

Ray 

Swede 

Black Loam 

Gladstone 

Grandvlew 

Roscoe 

Russell 

Glenmore 

Bluebard 

Rainy and Martin 

Litchville 

Prairie 

Sheridan 

Saratoga 

Banner 

Kennison 



Representatives 
Congress. 


in 


Governor. 


• 
• 


• 


Q 


Q 


m 


« 


q 


CQ 


• 


• 

60 














S 
f, 


5 


3 


04 


60 


1 










I 


% 

P 


1 


2 
P 


2 
o 


g 



6 


6 


17 


16 


• • • • 


6 


18 


14 


13 


4 


5 


• • • • 


12 


5 


67 


66^ 


19 


43 1 1 


54 


86 


U 


11 


6 


5 


• • • • 


10 


7 


16 


16 


5 


5 


1 


11 


11 


14 


34 


10 


12 




15 


11 


65 


63 


21 


23 




65 


23 


9 


8 


3 


4 




9 


3 


73 


73 


18 


18 




71 


18 


12 


12 


15 


16 




10 


18 


22 


18 


4 


6 




21 


3 


19 


18 


7 


8 




17 


10 


21 


21 


2 


3 


1 


21 


3 


U 


n. 


5 


6 




8 


9 


16 


16 


2 


2 




J6 


2 


8 


7 


5 


9 




8 


6 


11 


11 


8 


15 


2 


13 


7 


13 


10 


3 


10 


5 


12 


6 


18 


16 


7 


13 


6 


15 


11 


14 


13 


9 


9 


• • • • 


13 


10 


23 


23 


22 


22 


• • • • 


24 


23 


12 


11 


3 


5 


• • « • 


10 


5 


6 


6 


15 


15 


• • • • 


5 


17 


8 


7 


2 


2 


1 


7 


2 


16 


16 


5 


5 


• • • • 


16 


5 


27 


23 


2 


7 


• • • • 


27 


2 


28 


28 


4 


5 


1 


27 


5 


28 


27 


13 


13 


• • » • 


27 


14 


14 


15 


7 


7 


• • • • 


16 


6 


9 


9 


12 


10 


1 


10 


11 


19 


19 


14 


13 


• • • • 


18 


15 



Totals I 63D 



606 269 



331 19 I! 593 



LOGAN COUNTY. 



First District— 

1st precinct . . 

2nd precinct ... 

3rd precinct ... 
Second District^ 

1st precinct . 

2nd precinct .. 
Third District— 

1st precinct 

2nd precinct .. 

Totals 



252 247 I 11 



11 



271 



28 
27 
28 


24 
27 

27 


3 

• • • • 

6 


3 

• • • • 

.5 


• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 


27 
48 
27 


3 

• • • • 

5 


24 
21 


24 
20. 


. . ■ • 
1 


• * • • 

1 


1 

• • • • 


55 
20 


t • • • 

1 


60 
64 


60 
65 


• • • • 

2 


• • • • 

2 


• • • • 

• • • • 


60 
64 


• • • • 

3 



12 



2 

6 
5 



• • • * 



322 I IT 



174 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Mchenry county. 



PRECINCT 



Representatives in 
Congress. 



o: 



OQ 

U 



tf 



60 
C 

2 
a 



o 



Q 



c 



DQ 



Governor 



60 



P^ 






o 

o 



OQ 






No. l-Virtz 

No. 2 — Ebersole 

No. 3— Carey , 

No. 4— Greeley , 

No. 5— Saline 

No. 6— Wagar 

No. 7 — Poplar Grove 

No. 8 — Towner 

No. 9--Lake George 
^o. 10— Senechel ..., 
No. 11 — Anamoose .. 
No. 12— Denbigh . . . , 

No. 13— Villard 

Na. 14 — Hogback 
No. 16— Balfour . 
No. 16— Granville 
No. 17— Norwich 
No. 18— Velva .. 
No. 19-Voltaire 



• • ■ • • 



33 
67 
53 
47 
46 
44 
61 

114 
30 
46 
82 
42 
53 
20 

103 

101 
68 

128 
37 



31 
68 
66 
46 
46 
41 
62 

113 
31 
47 
77 
38 
63 
19 
97 

102 
66 

128 
36 



2) 

14 

18 

20 

65 

21 

16 

50 

9 

8 

12 

30 

5 

4 

21 
35 
11 
33 
8 



21 


• • • • 


34 


1 
21 1 


13 


2 


61 


21 ! 


18 


4 


CO 


22 


20 


1 


1 48 


23 


66 


1 


48 


64 


20 


11 


43 


20 


16 


• • • • 


61 


16 


49 


4 


115 


54 


9 


,• • • • 


33 


11 


7 


• • • • 


47 


7 


16 


• ■ • • 


84 


15 


16 


2 


40 


17 


7< 


2 


50 


13 


4 


6 


20 


4 


26 


1 


1 103 


28 


'36 


1 


103 


41 


13 


1 


67 


16 


34 


16 


128 


36 


10 


■ • • • 


34 


13 



4 

1 

1 

13 



2 
3 
4 
3 
3 
1 
16 



Totals 



11176 11164 I 399 I 397 I 60 ||lie9 
I I ! I I 



441J 56 



Mcintosh county. 



Coldwater 

Grosz 

Hellwig ... 
Jewell . . . 
Ashley .... 

Lehr , 

Wlshek ... 
Danzig ... 
Lowell . . . 
Venturia . 
Kassel .... 
Strassburg 
Ostrem ... 
3alem .... 



46 
42 
31 
50 
92 
42 
19 
17 
18 
32 
31 
18 
43 
18 



46 
42 
31 
60 
92 
42 
18 
18 
18 
32 
31 
18 
43 
18 



10 



10 



•••• |**s* !• 



1 
1 
6 



• • • < 

• • • I 



1 
1 
5 



• • • • 













45 


• • • • 






39 


3 






31 


• • « • 






60 


• • • • 






92 


2 






42 


• • • • 




1 


19 


10" 






18 


• • • « 






19 


1 






32 


1 






31 


5 






18 


• « • • 






43 


• • • • 






18 


• • • • 





Totals I 498 



498 



19 



19 



497 



22 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



175 



MCLEAN C30UNTY. 



PRECINCT 



Representatives 
Congress. 


In 


Grovernor 


• 
• 


• 
• 


Q 


Q 


CO 


^ 


p. 


QQ 


• 


• 

be 














a 

u 


2 


•-4 
» t 

> 




• 

bn is 




■M 


d 
S 


QQ 


o 


0) 

P 


s 


i ^ 


c 


t4 

O 



Casselman ... 
Wittnmyer .. 
Goodrich . . . . 

Denhoff 

Dog Den ... 

Wilton 

Turtle Lake 
Washburn . . 
Coal Harbor 
Armstrong .. 
Shell Creek . 
Blbowood . . . 



Totals I 658 



643 I 59 
I 



64 i 8 I 635 



MERCER COUNTY. 



Precinct No. 1 
Precinct No. 2 . 
Precinct No. 3 , 
Precinct No. 4 . 
Precinct No. 5 . 



41 
59 
79 
16 
12 



Totals I 207 

I 



208 



1 II 212 



83 


83 


• « • • 


• • i • 


■ « • • 


82 


77 


78 


4 


3 


• • • • 


73 


37 


37 


5 


3 


1 


35 


42 


42 


3 


3 


1 


41 


28 


27 


1 


2 


• • • • 


27 


30 


^9 


7 


7 


3 


29 


44 


43 


7 


8 


1 


41 


136 


126 


20 


25 


2 


127 


33 


30 


10 


11 


• • • • 


32 


48 


48 


2 


2 


• • • • 


48 


47 


47 


• • • • 


• • • • 


• • • • 


47 


53 


53 


• • • • 


• • • • 


• • • • 


53 



X. I « • • • 

6 I 1 

o I . . • . 

61 1 

3 !.... 

7 3 

10 2 
27 3 

11 1 



81 I 11 



42 1 


\ 


• • • • 


41 


2 


• • ■ • 


60 .... 


• • • • 


• • • • 


62 


• • • • 


• • • • 


77 1 


1 


• • • • 


81 


1 


• • • • 


16 .... 


• • • • 


• « • • 


16 


• ■ « • 


• • ■ • 


xo ..... 


• 

• • • • 


1 


12 


1 





MORTON COUNTY. 



Mandan, First ward 

Second ward 

Third ward 

Hebron 

Glen Ullin 

Blue Grass 

Sims 

^rgelter 

A4brecht 

IngaUs 

Marmot 

Crown Butte 

Square Butte 

North Little Heart 

Sunnyside 

Custer ......... .... 

South Little Heart . 
Rural 



36 


45 


23 


24 


2 


47 


25 


96 


97 


49 


45 


• • • • 


87 


55 


60 


66 


11 


11 


■ • • • 


59 


16 


80 


29 


o 


fi 


• • • • 


2:3 


12 


43 


89 


20 


18 




37 


24 


22 


20 


28 


30 




21 


?J2 f 


27 


28 


4 


5 




25 


6 


55 


55 


10 


10 




54 


11 


21 


22 


2 


2 




21 


3 


8 


9 


• • • • 


• • • • 




8 


1 


26 


26 


• • • • 


• • • • 




26 


• • • • 


42 


41 


30 


32 




42 


31 


29 


29 


3 


3 




28 


4 


27 


25 


12 


12 




28 


13 


13 


14 


• • • • 


• • • • 




14 


• • • • 


15 


15 


8 


7 




13 


10 


9 


9 


35 


S5 




10 


84 


^ 


22 


• • • • 


1 




21 


1 



4 
1 
1 
I 



d 



176 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



MORTON COUNTY— Continned. 



PRECINCT 



Representatives 
Congress. 


In 


Governor. 


Qi 

m 
m 

m 


• 
• 


• ■ 


QQ 


PJ 


P 


09 


m 


• 




• 










03 

00 
|4 


a 
•5 


% 


d 


tfl 


2 


a 

s 






. 1 
1 °° 


^ 


1^ 


C 

3 


d 

^ 


2 
1 ^ 


1 ^ 



Port Rice ... 
Can'nonball . 
Stevenson . . 

Weekes 

Emter 

Wehrl 

Wade 

Hlntz 

Antelope . . . 

Malone 

New Salem . 

BJorum 

Ellison 

PitU 

Dogtooth ... 
Sweet Briar 

Lincoln 

Pallon 

Hellbron . . . , 

Poust 

Wilson 



13 


12 


23 


23 


27 


27 


8 


8 


8 


8 


3 


3 


19 


18 


39 


3d 


60 


62 


10 


10 


48 


52 


13 


13 


12 


13 


6 


6 


10 


10 


1 


1 


7 


7 


5 


6 


21 


20 


23 


22 


4 


3 



14 I 14 



• • • • 



4 

14 
24 
1 
6 
2 
1 

15 
8 
7 

• • • 

1 
4 
9 

21 
2 

25 



4 
14 
23 

1 

6 

2 

1 
15 

9 

7 

• • • 

1 

4 
10 
21 

3 
25 |.... 



1 
1 



I 

13 15 .... 

23 .... 

27 .... 

8 4 

8 16 

2 24 

19 1 

37 8 

62 3 

11 1 
46 18 

12 8 

13 7 

6 .... 
^ 3 
1 4 

7 9 
5 21 

22 2 
23] 25 

• • • • • 



1 
1 



• • • • 

I 1 



Totals 



941 



954 I 398 I 400 
I I 



15 II 922 I 447 I 14 



NELSON COUNTY. 



Adler 


20 


20 


22 


22 


• • • • 


17 


25 1 


Bergen 


28 


28 


11 


15 


7 


27 


*14 7 


Center 


42 


41 


15 


16 


• • • • 


41 


14 2 


Cleaveland 


21 


22 


6 


7 


7 


18 


6 


11 


Dahlen 


32 


32 


15 


14 


• • • • 


32 


14 


• • • • 


Dayton 


18 


18 


8 


7 


• • • « 


18 


8 


• • • • 


Dodds 


8 


9 


13 


13 


• • • • 


9 


13 


• • • • 


Enternrlse 


28 


27 


2 


2 


4 


27 


2 


4 


Pield 


27 


27 


9 


9 


1 


26 


10 


' 1 


Forde 


17 


16 


13 


13 


7 


17 


13 


7 


Hamlin 


58 


57 


8 


8 


3 


53 


11 


8 


Illinois 


8 


10 


8 


8 


8 


8 


9 


10 


Lake 


21 


20 


6 


6 


10 


20 


6 


13 


Lakota township 


23 


22 


23 


23 


1 


23 


22 


1 2 


Lakota Village 


92 


93 


39 


39 


7 


83 


40, 


16 


Lee 


21 


2i 


5 


4 


2 


20 


5 


2 


Melrose 


19 


19 


11 


11 


3 


18, 


12 


4 


Michigan Township 


23 


24 


31 


32 


• • • • 


21 


34 


1 


Michigan Village 


30 


33 


36 


34 


1 


27 


41 


1 


Nash 


24 


25 


6 


7 


• t • • 


24 


8 


• • • • 


Norway 


34 


32 


9 


9 


• ■ • • 


id 


13 


• • « • 


Ora 


1 107 


108 


30 


35 


2 


99 


41 


3 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



177 



NELSON COUNTY-Continaed. 



PRECINCT 



Representatives 


in 1 


fir 




Congress. 


\3\. 


)vern( 


• 
• 


• 
• 


Q 


Q 


93 


« 


P 


■ 


• 

60 


• ; 










a 

CQ 

1.4 


S 

2 






ta 


0) 


a 

c 




CQ 


> 

3 


•3 


c 

3 







OQ 






Osago 

Petersburg 

Rugh 

Rocl;iester . 

Sarnia 

Williams . 
Wamduska 



23 


20 


5 


8 


7 


22 


6 


53 


52 


23 


26 


6 


60 


24 


21 


21 


9 


9 


1 


25 


5 


20 


18 


20 


20 


• • • • 


19 


20 


36 


36 


3 


5 


1 


36 


4 


13 


13 


15 


17 


2 


12 


14 


16 


15 


3 


3 


1 


16 


4 



8 
9 
1 
1 

• • 

4 
2 



Total I 883 I 880 



404 



422 



81 



838 438 I 113 



\ 


OLIVKK COUNTY. 




Precinct No. 1 ... 
Precinct No. 2 ... 
Precinct No. 3 .... 


1 

43 45 617 

21 21 22 21 

33 31 24 25 


• • • • 

• • • • 

1 


46 
20 
34 


1 
7 1.... 
23 I.... 
25 |.... 



Totals 



97 



97 I 52 



53 



PEMBINA COUNTY. 



I 100 I 55 



Avon 

Akra 

Bathgate Township 
Bathgate Village .. 

Beaulieu 

Carlisle 

Canton 

Cavalier Tov^nship 
Cavalier Village ... 
Crystal Township 

Crystal City 

Drayton Twp 

Drayton City 

Elora 

Garder 

Hamilton Twp 

Hamilton Village . 

Joliet 

Lodema 

Lincoln 

Liberty 

Midland 

Neche Twp 

Neche Village .... 
Pembina Twp 



36 


36 


34 


35 




40 


1 
32 1 


.60 


60 


37 


36 




63 


36" 


17 


18 


16 


16 




18 


18 


54 


54 


22 


22 




52- 


26 


38 


37 


59 


58 




38 


61 


29 


29 


28 


28 




26 


3X 


5 


5 


17 


38 


1 


4 


19 


71 


70 


48 


47 




71 


52 


81 


84 


48 


49 


1 


79 


57 


22 


23 


19 


19 




25 


19 


37 


33 


29 


28 




33 


31 


24 


23 


21 


21 




25 


18 


74 


77 


24 


24 




73 


33 


33 


35 


10 


11 




,.35 


14 


18 


77 


34 


34 


1 


'75 


37 


34 


33 


24 


26 




36 


28 


24 


22 


16 


15 


.... 


■ 21 


20 


25 


25 


17 


17 


..,.- 1 


23 


21 


28 


28 


28 


24 


.... 1 


28 


26 


32 


30 


26 


27 .... 


31 


34 


35 


36 


11 


10 .... 


36 


12 


34 


?3 


14 


13 .... 


35 


14 


52 


52 


29 


29 .... 


1 49 


32 1 


1 91 


91 


22 


22 .... 


I 91 


23 1 


37 


34 


22 


1 21 


I.... 1 


1 35 


24 



178 



LBQISLATIVE MANUAL 



PEMBINA COUNTY-Contmued. 



PRECINCT 



Representatives 
Congress. 


In 


GoTernor. 


• 
• 
• 


• 
• 


q 


q 


OQ 


PJ 


P 


OQ 


• 


• 

60 














.d 


•3 
1 




Ueland 


King .. 


White 


Cronan 


Grant . 



I'embina, 1st ward 

2nd ward 

3rd ward 

Park 

St. Joseph 

St. Thomas Twp ... 

St. Thomas City .. 

Thlngvalla , 

Walhalla Twp 

Walhalla Village .. 





»- 




11 1 




39 


38 


4 


4 


• • • • 


39 


4 


30 


41 


12 


14 


• • • • 


43 


15 


37 


38 


15 


16 


• • • • 


36 


17 


28 


28 


27 


28" 


• • • • 


29 


28 


6i 


61 


69 


70 


1 


60 


75 


61 


60 


33 


33 


. . . • 


64 


36 


81 


79 


34 


32 


1 


81 


38 


93 


93 


45 


45 


• • • • 


92 


46 


33 


31 


10 


11 


• ■ • • 


34 


11 


71 


72 


20 


19 


• • • • 


68 


26 



Totals 11588 11586 

I I 



924 



921 



11585 



1014 I 

I 



PIERCE COUNTY. 



Rugby 

Grass Lake .... 
Hurricane Lake 

McCallum 

Juniata 

Antelope Lake 

Dewey 

Tofte . 

East Barton .... 

German 

Walsh 

Sampson 

Meyer 

Berwick 

Rush Lake 

Erlckson 

Union 

Barton 

White 

Hagel 

Keller 

Guard Lake . . 



137 


134 


54 


56 


4 


121 


77 


16 


16 


5 


5 


• • • • 


19 


6 


16 


16 


3 


3 


2 


17 


4 


48 


45 


17 


17 


• • « • 


45 


18 


16 


15 


9 


9 


• • • • 


17 


10 


10 


10 


3 


8 


• • • • 


11 


3 


22 


21 


S 


6 


• • • • 


24 


3 


29 


26 


8 


9 


1 


26 


12 


33 


34 


12 


9 


• • • • 


82 


13 


14 


13 


15 


15 


• • • • 


11 


m, 


24 


23 


8 


8 


• • • • 


24 


1* 


32 


27 


9 


10 


1 


29 


10 


17 


17 


17 


17 


.... 


17 


17 


22 


23 


8 


9 


1 


19 


8 


32 


31 


2 


3 


1 


32 


2 


22 


20 


10 


13 


8 


20 


13 


9 


8 


12 


12 


.... 


9 


12 


30 


30 


3 


3 


2 


28 


5 


7 


8 


8 


7 


2 


6 


9 


9 


9 


18 


21 


• • • • 


U 


19 


12 


11 


10 


10 


• » • • 


8 


13 


21 


20 


6 


6 


4 


21 


6 



• • • • 

• • • • 

• • ■ • 



1 
1 

2 

■ • 

2 
2 



Totals 578 



567 I 240 i 261 
I 



21 



647 287 I 20 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



179 



RAMSEY COUNTY. 



PRECINCT 



Representatives 
Congress. 


In 


GoTernor 


• 
• 


• 
• 


P 


p 


QQ 


tf 


p. 


OQ 


• 

V-4 


• 

bO 














s 


c 




•o 






a 








V*4 




bo 




s 


*» 

C 


CO 




> 

3 




3 


.d 


a 





LlUehoff 

La wton 

Newland 

Highland 

Bartlett 

Hope 

Newber .... 

Triumph 

IS'ancher 

Prospect 

Odessa 

Stevens 

Ontario 

Noonan 

Cato 

Overland 

Northfield 

South Minnewaukon . 

Minnewaukon 

Morris .... 

Cleveland 

Sullivan 

Royal 

Lake 

Freshwater 

Webster 

Bergen 

Pleasant 

Grand Harbor 

Dry Lake 

DeGroat 

Norvray 

Coulee 

Irvine 

Church's Ferry 

City of Devil's Lake: 

1st vrard 

2nd ward 

3rd ward 



34 


36 


27 


30 


26 


2 


22 


22 


32 


31 


12 


U 


20 


20 


6 


6 


69 


68 


16 


18 


6 


6 


46 


45 


20 


21 


26 


25 


7 


7 


22 


21 


27 


27 


16 


15 


28 


27 


14 


13 


15 


15 


20 


19 


29 


32 


38 


38 


10 


10 


20 


20 


24 


23 


24 


24 


43 


41 


12 


13 


22 


24 


24 


22 


22 


24 


11 


11 


33 


32 


85 


81 


17 


16 


75 


75 



2 

3 
3 
5 
5 
5 
1 
4 

23 
1 
1 

14 
8 
5 
2 
8 
4 

11 
9 
7 
3 
3 
8 
5 
4 
9 
4 
4 

26 

13 
1 
5 

16 

• • • 

6 

13 
3 

10 



3 

3 

4 

5 

6 

5 

1 

4 
2£^i 

1 

1 
17 

6 

6 

2 

2 

3 
12 
10 

6 

3 

3 

8 

5 

4 

8 

4 

4 
27 

6 

2 

6 
17 



18 

2 

10 



13 
2 



1 
1 



1 
1 



• • • 

• • • 



• • • 

• • • 



• • • 

• • • 



33 
31 
25 
22 
21 
12 
20 

6 
66 
18 

7 
44 
21 
26 

7 
23 
29 
17 
80 
13 
17 
20 
31 
40 

8 
19 
24 
24 
43 
12 
21 
24 
2i 

9 
23 

76 
17 
72 



4 

2 
4 
5 
8 
4 
1 
3 

31 
2 
1 

18 
7 
6 
2 
7 
2 

U 

11 
7 
2 
3 
8 
5 
6 

10 
4 
4 

27 
4 
8 
5 

16 

• • • 

15 



4 
15 



15 

8 

• • • 

3 
1 



2 



2 

2 



• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 



' • • • 
• • • 



• • • • 

• • • • 



4 

■ « 

1 



Total 11000 

I 



971 



264 



255 



38 



975 



298 I 46 

I 



180 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



RANSOM COUNTY. 



PRECINCT 



Twp 



Coburn 
Sheldon 
Liberty- 
Moore 

Preston 

Bear Creek 

Ft. Ransom 

Springer * 

Teller 

Casey 

Shenford 

Owego , 

Sandoun 

Big Bend 

Island Park 

Elliott 

Englevale , 

Cleveland 

Alleghany , 

Gilbert 

Alicedon 

Scoville 

Lisbon, 1st ward ... 

2nd ward 

3rd ward 

Sydna 

Rosemead 

Sheldon Village 

Enderlin, 1st ward . 

2nd and 3rd wards 



Representatives 
Congress. 


in 


Governor 


Pi 


• 
• 


Q 


P 


QQ 


«. 


P 


m 




• 




* 












1. 


> 
o 


Ueland 


60 

a 


White 


a 
O 


•M- 

1 



14 
23 
30 
33 
16 
18 
51 
25 
11 
46 
43 
29 
22 
25 
14 
14 
25 

8 
11 
17 
30 

7 
70 
57 
40 
12 
17 
53 
34 
96 



I 



13 
23 
38 
31 
15 
18 
51 
22 
11 
47 
42 
29 
21 
23 
14 
14 
27 

7 
12 
16 
30 

7 
69 
57 
37 
12 
18 
51 
33 
94 



1 

13 

9 

3 

5 

8 

12 

12 

6 

25 
9 

* • • 

10 
5 
6 

12 
4 
2 
8 

10 
5 

23 

22 
3 
1 
6 

13 
9 
8 



r 

13 

10 

3 

7 

11 

19 

14 

4 

7 

23 

9 

1 

10 

4 

4 

10 

5 

1 

6 

11 

5 

22 

21 

3 

1 

6 

15 

9 

9 



1 
3 
3 
8 
9 



' • 9 • 

■ 9 m • 



• • • • 
« • • • 



I • • • 
• • • 



14 
22 
38 
33 
16 
18 
54 
22 
12 
42 
42 
30 
22 
22 
13 
13 
23 
7 
9 
17 
30 
7 
65 
53 
38 
11 
18 
40 
33 
94 



1 
14 
12 

3 

5 

7 
12 
16 

4 

12 
24 

8 

1 I 
14 

6 

5 
13 

5 

4 

8 
10 

5 
33 
26 

9 

2 

6 
28 
U 
13 



1 
3 
4 

9 
11 



2: 



Total 



901 I 882 I 258 I 264 I 29 



858 I 317 I 34 



RICHLAND COUNTY. 



108 


108 


39 


43 


3 


94 


63 


8: 


79 


78 


48 


55 


4 


81 


55 


4 


66 


66 


21 


22 


1 


62 


25 


1 


51 


51 


5 


5 




50 


6 




?0 


19 


4 


5 




18 


6 




20 


18 


10 


12 




18 


12 




13 


13 


7 


7 




13 


7 




36 


33 


3 


5 




36 


3 




17 


18 


2 


2 


10 


17 


2 


9^ 


15 


15 


6 


5 


• • • • 


16 


8. 


• •• •• 


^4 


25 


• • 1 • 


• • • B 


7 


24 


• • • • 


7 


21 


21 


^5 


5 


1 


20 


6 


1 



Eagle 

Walcott 

Colfax 

Barrle f. 

Helendale 

Sheyenne 

Viking 

Garborg 

Freeman 

West End 

Homestead 

Grafton 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



181 



HIGHLAND COUNTY- Continued. 



PRECINCT 



Antelope 

Abercrombie 

Dwight 

Ibsen 

Center 

Mooreton 

Darton 

Garfield 

Dexter ^ 

Wyndmere 

Belford 

Liberty 

Brandenburg 

Summit 

Pairmount 

Fairmount Village 

DeVillo 

LeMars 

Bright wood 

Waldo 

Hankinson 

£lma 

Greenfield 

Park 

Lidgerwood 

Moran 

Grant 

Wapheton: 

1st ward 

2nd ward 

3rd ward 

Wyndmere Village 



30 
141 
91 
36 
41 
26 
15 
17 
15 
16 
17 
14 
41 
15 
32 
43 
16 
17 
32 
6 
65 
23 
20 
31 
87 
14 
' 22 

28 
63 
S6 
30 



Representatlyes 
Congresfl. 


In 


Gtovernor. 


• 
• 


PS 

• 
• 


q 


w 

• • 

• • 


/ : 


q 


CQ 


• 


• 

60 














^ 


C 




•d 






fl 




m 


Wi4 


? 


§ 


60 




c 




^ 


m 


> 

3 


I 


Kin 


3 


Cro] 


■ 2 



30 


12 


11 


• * • • 


29 


13 


143 


39 


43 


2 


136 


50 


91 


30 


2a 




89 


32 


36 


9 


9 




34 


11 


39 


26 


25 




38 


27 


25 


32 


32 




22 


36 


14 


17 


18 




14 


17 


19 


21 


22 




18 


23 


19 


26 


26 


i 


17 


23 


15 


16 


16 




17 


16 


18 


43 


44 


1 


17 


44 


14 


18 


18 




16 


19 


41 


55 


58 




44 


56 


13 


lOD 


100 




14 


101 


34 


17 


18 




32 


19 


43 


25 


25 




S6 


35 


20 


27 


26 




21 


26 


19 


16 


16 




20 


16 


33 


29 


28 




32 


29 


6 


22 


22 




' 61 


23 


63 


89 


89 




94 


23 


37 


37 




24 


39 


• 20 


33 


33 




21 


32 


30 


60 


61 




31 


59 


85 


62 


62 


2 


82 


69 


14 


17 


17 




13 


16 


22 


45 


45 




20 


47 


27 


71 


73 




27 


75 


66 


109 


108 


1 


61 


114 


96 


45 


45 


.... 


91 


51 


29 


17 


17 




31 


16 



Totals 116)9 11612 



1315 



1338 



33 



1563 



2 



3 



1419 I 36 

I 



ROLETTE COUNTY. 



Gilbert 

Hutchinson . . 

FalrTlew 

St. John 

Holmes 

Wolf Creek . 
South Valley 

Currie 

Rice's 

Willow Lake 



1 

25 


24 


21 


21 


1 


24 


21 


27 


27 


3 


2 


• • • • 


25 


4 


18 


18 


17 


17 


16 


15 


21 


30 


31 


27 


27 


• • • • 


26 


35 


Z\ 


31 


7 


8 


2 


31 


10 


19 


20 


15 


14 


1 


18 


19 


8 


14 


18 


20 


1 


10 


24 


10 


10 


14 


14 


• • • • 


10 


14 


35 


35, 


1 


1 


1 


35 


2 


38 


39 1 


24 


25 


8 


44 


£0 



1 
1 

15 

• • • 

2 
2 



182 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



ROLETTE COUNTY-Continued. 



PRECINCT 



Representatives 
Congress. 


In 


Governor. 


(4 

• 
• 


(4 

• 
• 


Q 





QQ 


^. 


q 


<ft 


• 


• 














2 


^■4 




•d 

§ 


b« 




a 






1 


5 


■3 
P 






Cro 





FInnegan 

Mt Pleasant ... 

Oxford 

Pleasant Valley 

Russell 

RoUe 

MaryvUle 

Shell Valley ..., 

Hillside 

Leonard 

Union 

Ellsworth 

Island Lake .... 
Cleveland 

Totals 



26 


23 


15 


16 


• • • • 


26 


16 


38 


40 


9 


8 


• • • • 


37 


14 


34 


34 


6 


6 


1 


31 


9 


42 


43 


5 


5 


■ ■ • • 


40 


8 


10 


10 


25 


27 


5 


10 


25 


53 


54 


17 


17 


• • • • 


49 


27 


26 


26 


25 


26 


1 


25 


25 


19 


18 


9 


9 


.... 


17 


11 


7 


7 


24 


24 


1 


7 


24 


25 


25, 


9 


9 


1 


26 


9 


24 


24 


9 


9 


1 


23 


11 


23 


23 


8 


8 


• • • • 


23 


9 


12 


15 


12 


12 


1 


13. 


13 


24 


23 


31 


30 


• • • • 


24 


30 



• • • ♦ 

• • • • 



5 

K ■ 

1 

• • 

1 
1 
1 



606 



614 I 351 
I 



355 



S6 



592 407 



SS 



SARGENT COUNTY. 



Bowen 

Brampton 

Denver 

Dunbar 

Forman 

Town of Forman 

Hall 

Harlem 

Herman 

Jackson 

Kingston 

Lake 

Milnor ' .... 

Hansom 

Rutland 

Sargent 

Sherman 

Southwest 

Taylor 

Tewaukon 

Verner 

Vivian 

Weber 

Willey 

White Stone Hill 



• • • • • < 



11 


8 


16 


18 


1 


7 


20 


26' 


26 


4 


4 


• • • 


26 


5 


9 


7 


6 


8 


• • • • 


7 


8 


28 


28 


8 


8 


7 


26 


10 


16 


16 


10 


10 


1 


15 


11 


43 


42 


22 


22 


• • • • 


40 


26 


48 


49 


19 


22 


8 


51 


-20 


30 


29 


7 


7 


2 


28 


8 


27 


27 


8 


9 


3 


26 


8 


29 


27 


16 


16 


• • • • 


26 


17 


19 


19 


18 


16 


1 


19 


16 


30 


27 


8 


12 


• • • • 


31 


8 


62 


64 


21 


22 


4 


56 


29 


56 


51 


8 


12 


• • • • 


50 


12 


25 


24 


14 


18 


15 


27 


14 


37 


23 


24 


25 


1 


39 


23 


33 


34 


16 


16 


2 


^^ 


17 


9 


8 


9 


9 


• • • • 


9 


9 


21 


21 


16 


16 


• • • • 


21 


16 


43 


40 


8 


8 


2 


42 


8 


31 


25 


7 


5 


• • • • 


29 


9 


16 


14 


3 


3 


• • • • 


13 


5 


44 


44 


27 


28 


7 


41 


81 


8 


8 


11 


11 


• • ■ • 


8 


11 


24 


22 


15 


13 


2 


20 


17 



7 
1 
1 
3 
2 
3 



3 

1 

12 



• • • • 

• • • • 



5 

■ • 

2 



Totals I 725 



693 I 321 I 338 I 

I I 1 



51 II 690 I 358 I 45 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



183 



STARK COUNTY. 



PRECINCT 



Representatives In 
Congress. 



« ' tf 



I 



( 



2 



60 



OQ 



0) 

> 

o 



•d 
c 

P 



09 



60 

C 



Governor. 



I 



Q ' 0? 






o 
u 

O 



u 
O 



City of Dickinson— 

1st ward 

2nd ward 

3rd ward 

4th ward 

Gladstone 

Taylor 

Richardton 

Antelope 

South Heart 

Belfield ,, 

Lehigh 

Springvale 

Parmer's Valley .... 

Plum Creek 

Pleasant Valley .... 



43 


44 


15 


13 




43 


22 


67 


65 


28 


26 




52 


46 


54 


54 


20 


20 




51 


24 


16 


16 


5 


5 




16 


5 


101 


103 


22 


21 




102 


24 


52 


54 


15 


16 


2 


53 


15 


43 


38 


10 


10 


• • • ■ 


39 


11 


36 


35 


11 


11 


• • • • 


36 


11 


4 


4 


n 


13 


2 


5 


12 


14 


17 


7 


7 


1 


19 


8 


7 


6 


11 


11 


• • • ■ 


5 


14 


12 


12 


25 


26 


■ • • • 


10 


27 


20 


20 


• • • • 


• • • • 


• • • • 


20 


• t • • 


20 


20 


5 


5 


• • ■ • 


20 


5 


22 


23 


46 


48 


9 


27 


47 



1 

2 
1 
1 
1 
2 
1 



Totals 



611 



511 I 231 
\ 



231 



19 



498 



271 I 18 

I 



STEELE COUNTY. 



Newburgh . . 

Norway 

Westfleld ... 

Norman 

Enger 

Golden Lake 
Highland ... 

Bergen 

Primrose . . . , 
Sherbrooke . 

Easton 

Greenview . . 
Edenvale . . . 

Lincoln 

Melrose 

Riverside 

Broadlawn .. 

Colgate 

Hope Twp... 
Willow Lake 



Hope Village | 73 



28 


28 


2 


7 


• • • • 


27 


5 


12 


12 


• • • • 


2 


4 


11 


3 


3 


4 


2 


2 


• • • • 


3 


8 


23 


25 


5 


5 


1 


21 


8 


37 


37 


• • ■ • 


• • • • 


« • • • 


37 


• • • • 


6 


6 


2 


2 


3 


7 


1 


32 


31 


4 


6 


1 


26 


10 


16 


16 


• • • • 


• • • • 


• • • • 


16 


• • • • 


?.?. 


22 


• • • • 


« ■ • • 


• • • • 


21 


1 


17 


17 


1 


1 


3 


12 


4 


6 


6 


• • • • 


• • • • 


• • • • 


6 


• • • • 


13 


13 


• • • • 


9 • 9 m 


• • • • 


11 


2 


6 


6 


• « • • 


• • • • 


• • • • 


6 


• • ■ • 


2 


2 


3 


4 


• • • • 


3 


3 


5 


5 


2 


2 


• • • • 


3 


5 


9 


11 


• • • • 


• • • • ■ 


1 


9 


1 


12 


12 


• • • • 


1 


• • « • 


13 


1 


4 


4 


4 


4 


• • • • 


3 


6 


12 


12 .... 


• • • • 


• • • • 


12 


• • • • 


6 


7 1 


1 


1 


^ 6 


1 


73 


74 


6 


6 


6 


r 57 


[-23 



1 

4 



3 
1 



1 

» ft 

1 

■ • 

1 

6 



Totals 



344 I 350 I 32 
I I 



42 



20 



310 



81 I 25 
I 



184 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



STUTSMAN COUNTY. 



PREQINCT 



City of Jamestown— 

1st ward 

2nd ward 

3rd ward *.. 

4th ward 

Ashland 

Bloomenfeldt 

Banner ; . 

Buchanan 

Durham 

Edmunds 

Eldrldge 

Homer 

Iowa 

Loury 

Lawton 

Medina 

Midway 

Melvin 4 

Montpeller 

Mount Pleasant 

Mutz ." 

Plngrie 

Sharlow 

Spiritwood Lake 

Stirton 

Strong 

Windsor 

Woodbury 

YpsUanti 

Kensal 

Nogosek 

Corinne 

Courtenay 

Spiritwood 

Harmony 



Representatives In 
Congress. 


Governor. 


(4 


PS 

■ 
• 


q 


P 


QQ 


• 
• 


q 


OQ 




• 

60 








• 
• 
• 
• 








4 


a; 

> 


1 


be 




a 

s 

o 


C 

OS 


S 


m 


o 


5 


W 


t 


O 


u 
O 



97 
lU 
53 
67 
22 
29 
10 
26 

9 

£6 
39 
36 
10 

9 
16 
59 

6 
12 
15 
26 
12 
31 
10 
44 
14 
11 
21 

8 
18 
38 
11 
16 
59 
25 
17 



96 


23 


24 


1 


91 


112 


52 


62 


4 


102 


51 


'X^ 


32 


■ • • ■ 


53 


68 


29 


29 


• • ■ • 


63 


22 


18 


18 


• • • • 


22 


21 


5 


4 


• • • • 


25 


10 


14 


13 


• • • • 


10 


25 


13 


13 


• • ■ • 


26 


9 


38 


38 


• • • • 


9 


25 


11 


11 


• • • • 


£6 


3*/ 


20 


21 


1 


40 


38 


10 


10 


1 


40 


10 


8 


8 


« • • • 


9 


10 


1 


2 


• • • • 


10 


16 


4 


5 


1 


15 


60 


6 


5 


• • • • 


60 


6 


6 


6 


■ • • • 


6 


12 


6 


6 


• • • • 


12 


14 


21 


20 


• • • • 


14 


25 


3 


3 


• • • • 


25 


12 


17 


16 


• • • • 


12 


30 


11 


12 


2 


27 


10 


4 


4 


• ■ • • 


10 


44 


8 


9 


1 


44 


13 


9 


10 


2 


12 


11 


6 


6 


■ • • • 


7 


22 


3 


3 


• • • • 


23 


9 


.2 


2 


• • • ■ 


9 


16 


5 


6 


1 


14 


40 


24 


23 


• • • • 


39 


10 


9 


9 


• • • • 


10 


15 


5 


6 


• • • V 


15 


61 


36 


34 


• • • • 


61 


24 


14 


13 


1 


24 


16 


11 


10 


■ • • • 


16 



36 


2 


77 


4 


38. 


1 


46 


1 


18 




6 




14 




16 




39 




11 




18 


1 


13 




9 




2 




6 




.8 




6 




6 




22 




3 




16 




16 


3 


3 


• • • •' 


8 


1 


12 


1 


10 


• • • • 


3 


• • • • 


4 





10 I 1 

28 I... 

«7 I • • « • 

6 
38 

16 I 1 

14 I.... 



• • • • 



I • • • • 



Totals 11013 1006 485 



483 I 15 



I 971 j 587 16 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



185 



TOWNER COUNTY. 



PRECINCT 



Aiklns 

Badger 

Bisbee 

Bisbee Village 

Cando 

Coolin 

Dash 

Dewey 

"Greenfield 

Lakeview 

Lewis 

Maza 

Monroe 

Plcton , 

Rock Lake 

Rosedale 



Repr e senta lives 
Congress. 


in 


Governor. 


« 


« 


Q 


P. 


QC 


' « 





OQ 


• 
• 


« 
• 




2 




' 1' : 






• 


• 














J3 


bn 




• 












9 




•d 


» S 


a 


C 


d 


a 


>■ 


^* 


ff 


^ 


o 


?) 


^ 


m 


a 


0) 


^ 


J ^ 


b 
O 


t4 



17 


19 


6 


5 


• • • • 


18 


mm 

1 


73 


72 


45 


45 




69 


46 


45 


44 


35 


37 


5 


44 


43 


16 


19 


12 


10 




14 


19 


105 


105 


60 


57 




97 


72 


IS 


16 


8 


9 


• • • • 


18 


9 


36 


34. 


20 


20 




3) 


21 


31 


29 


7 


7 


• • • • 


32 


7 


41 


42 


10 


12 


• • • • 


40 


14 


80 


81 


17 


18 




IS 


20 


61 


60 


35 


35 




66 


36 


13 


12 


16 


14 


• « • • 


13 


19 


21 


23 


10 


10 


• • • • 


22 


11 


22 


25 


15 


14 




24 


16 


101 


f6 


63 


60 




104 


64 


27 


23 


20 


20 


• • • • 


29 


21 



1 

3 
1 
6 



Totals I 707 



700 1 379 



373 



18 II 707 

II 



428 I 13 



TRAILL XJOUNTY. 



Belmont 

Caledonia 

Elm River 

Buxton 

Logan 

Ervin 

Norway 

Reynolds City . . . 
Hillsboro City .... 

Tll'lorado ... 

Hillsboro 

Kelso 

Oalesburg 

Garfield 

Norman 

Roseville 

^own of Portland 
Town of Hatton . 

Bohnsack 

Blanchard 

Bloomfield 

May ville 

(Mayville City .... 
Morgan 



41 


43 


56 


54 


15 


15 


82 


86 


28 


29 


24 


21 


32 


33 


18 


18 


135 


132 


30 


31 


16 


16 


17 


20 


23 


25 


24 


24 


48 


48 


42 


43 


59 


59 


38 


37 


13 


14 


26 


28 


40 


42 


27 


27 


83 


82 


13 


14 



2 


3 


1 


40 


1 
5 


J 


6 


7 


3 


53 


10 


'i 


3 


2 


• • •*• 


14 


5 


• « • • 


25 


26 


2 


67 


48 


2 


10 


11 


1 


21 


16 


2 


■ • • • 


• • • • 


1 


20 


3 


1 


2 


2 


1 


32 


3 


1 


9 


11 


1 


11 


16 


1 


13 


16 


11 


94 


59 


13 


5 


5 


• ■ • • 


24 


11 


• • • • 


2 


3 


• • • • 


14 


5 


• • • • 


11 


10 


• • ■ • 


16 


15 


1 


3 


5 


• • • • 


23 


7 


• • • • 


6 


6 


1 


20 


10 


1 


9 


9 


1 


45 


12 


1 


2 


3 


2 


42 


3 


2 


6 


8 


• • • • 


55 


13 


• • • « 


8 


9 


• • • • 


29 


20 


• • • • 


13 


13 


• • • • 


9 


19 


• • « • 


7 


7 


• •• • • 


22 


11 


• • • • 


• • • • 


• • • • 


• •/ • 


36 


6 


• • ■ • 


9 


11 


• • • • 


22 


14 


• 


21 


27 


2 


75 


37 


2 


1 


2 


2 


11 


4 


2 



Totals 



930 I 911 I 173 

I I 



196 I 29 



I 795 I 352 I 33 

I I I 






186 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



WALSH CJOUNTY. 



PRECINCT 



Representatives In 
Congress. 



Pi 



OQ 

1:4 



(< 



bo 

c 



4 



0) 



•d 

I 

P 



QQ 



60 

B 



Grovernor 



a 



DQ 



g 



WalshvIUe . . 

Pulaski 

Acton 

•St. Andrews 

Ardoch 

Harrlston 

Oakwood 

Martin 

Forest River 
Walsh Centre 

Grafton 

Farmlngton ... 

Ops 

Prairie Centre 

Fertile 

Glen wood 

Eden 

Rushf ord 

Kensington ... 

Dundee 

Medford 

Vernon .... 

Golden 

Lampton 

Cleveland 

Norton 

Vesta 



12 
87 
20 



•■•••< 



12 
19 
39 
39 
30 
38 
63 
43 
5 
23 
78 
40 
11 
21 
30 
49 
19 
31 
36 
40 
30 
15 
5i 



13 

6 

20 



44 
76 
51 



11 
19 
41 
36 
31 

r9 

66 
38 
5 
21 
80 
41 
12 
19 
31 
44 
20 
29 
32 
48 
31 
15 
53 



•Tiber 

Perth 

Latona 

•Adams 

Silvesta 

Santcr 

Shepherd 

Dewey 

Kinloss 

Grafton— 

l9t ward 

2nd ward .... 

3rd ward . . . 

4th ward .... 

MInto 

Park River— 

1st ward 

2nd ward 

3rd ward 

Ardoch Village 



5 
13 



39 
7 
33 
21 
19 

58 
6) 
72 
48 
64 

32 
16 

82 
17 



6 
16 

J--:.. I 



73 
56 
59 
22 
16 
25 
21 
19 
20 
60 

8 
16 
22 
32 
38 
16 
12 

6 
23 
13 
16 
40 
12 



36 
25 



43 
76 
50 



73 
65 
58 
22 
15 
21 
28 
27 
19 
59 

8 
17 
21 
34 
24 
22 
11 

6 
20 
35 
15 
39 
14 



36 
21 



42 


7 


7 


10 


31 


23 


20 


10 


18 


12 


51 


41 


56 


28 


72 


33 


54 


17 


66 


60 


33 


14 


18 


17 


79 


30 


19 


22 



11 

10 
24 
12 
19 

41 
28 
34 
16 
60 

13 
18 
33 
23 



2 
4 



3 
3 
2 
2 

2 
1 
4 
1 

■ • 

2 

4 
1 
8 
3 



2 
3 

3 
3 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 



1 
2 



12 

6 

19 



10 
19 
36 
36 
30 
36 
69 
82 
3 

24 
80 
42 
10 
17 
31 
45 
19 
30 
33 
37 
31 
14 
55 



5 
15 



43 
7 
30 
24 
23 

53 
57 
62 
40 
57 

27 
14 
71 
17 



43 

77 
57 



78 
56 
67 
25 
17 
29 
19 
46 
25 
63 

9 
16 
26 
35 
27 
22 
14 

7 

25 
22 
15 
40 
15 



sr 
4 

1 

• • 

3 
2 
2 

2 
1 
3^ 
1 

■ • 

2 
4 
1 
4 
2 



36 

24 !.... 



9 
7 

24 
9 

11 

60 
38 
49 
36 
71 

21 
21 
46 
28 



1 

» • 

3 

1 



• • • 



•Thrown out by county canvassing board. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



187 



WALSH (X)UNTY- -Continued. 



PRECINCT 



Representatives 
Congress. 


In 


Governor. 


(4 

• 
• 


• 
• 


r 

Q 





n 


^ 


Q 


09 


• 


• 






; 1 








a 


c 




•a 






' fl 






a 

OQ 


! 




•a 


5 







Forest River Village 

Conway 

Edlnburg 

Pisek 

Hoople 

Totals 



88 


37 


5 


5 


• • • • 


31 


10 


14 


12 


33 


34 


3 


15 


37 


88 


37 


10 


11 


3 


39 


10 


9 


6 


30 


28 


2 


9 


31 


16 


17 


12 


12 


• • • • 


18 


10 



1505 11498 11251 
I I 



1281 



65 



1433 



4 
2 

2 



1463 I 66 



WARD COUNTY. 



City of Minot ... 

Norway 

Harrison 

Botz 

Schneider 

Foxholm 

St. Mary's 

MarklUie , 

Carpio ...' 

Persons 

Joslyn 

Mohall 

Lathrop 

Kenmare Village 
Bowbells Twp .. 

Carter 

McKenna 

Flaxton 

Portal 

Richardson 

Denmark 

Lewis 

Rockford 

Sauk Prairie . . 

Troyer 

Precinct No 26 .. 

Beavert 

White Earth ... 

Melums 

Oens 

Des Lacs 

Burlington 

Galva ; 

Donnybrook 

Tagus 

Stanley 

Chllcot 



Ul 
13 
30 
27 
18 
11 
13 
28 
67 
31 
25 
22 
18 1 
59 
79 
34 
32 
42 
88 
49 
32 
32 
26 
21 
30 
31 
17 
33 
19 
25 
42 
44 
20 

I 15 
I 10 
I 10^ 



106 
13 
32 
23 
17 
11 
14 
25 
66 
28 
25 
22 
13 [ 
571 
76 I 
30 
33 
42 
82 
47 
29 
31 
25 
21 
30 
30 
17 
34 
17 
21 
42 
11 
21 

No 
12 

9 
11 



53 
9 
4 
7 

14 
9 

13 

10 
9 

17 
5 

10 
4 

14 

20 

18 
3 
4 

38 
5 
5 
6 
3 

14 
4 
7 
1 

12 
5 
1 

12 
4 

11 



54 
9 
6 
6 

14 
9 

13 

10 
9 

16 
5 

10 
4 

14 

19 

21 
2 
4 

40 
5 
5 
6 
4 

13 
3 
9 

• ■ ■ 

13 
6 
4 

12 
5 

10 



3 


97 


83 


9 


13 


10 




32 


6 




26 


9 




18 


15 




9 


11 


i 


13 


14 




28 


10 




71 


9 




31 


17 




25 


5 




24 


U 




47 


4 




59 


17. 


2 


73 


27 


1 


34 


21 


3 


34 


4 


• • • • 


44 


5 


6 


93 


42 


1 


50 


5 


8 


32 


5 


3 


33 


5 


* • • • 


25 


4 


■ • • • 


24 


15 


2 


81 


3 


3 


32 


9 


• • • • 


17 


1 


• • • • 


33 


13 


• • • • 


19 


7 


• • • • 


26 


13 


2 


44 


11 


■ • ■ • 


43 


6 


• • • t 


22 


9 



1 
1 

18 
9 
1 

• ■ • 

3 



2 
1 
3 

» • 

5 

1 
3 
5 



2 
3 

• • 

1 
1 



• • « • 

• • • • 



returns. 
2 I 2 
1 



1 


16 


2 


[ 1 


1 


8 


2 


1 


1 


8 


2 


1 



188 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



WARD COUNTY-Continued. 



PRECINCT 



Representatives 
Congress. 


In 


Governor. 


• 


• 
• 
• 


P 

• • 

• • 


QQ 


^. 


q 


00 


• 

^-4 


• 

be 




• 
• 
• 










d 


c 




•d 






a 




A 
2 




0) 




bo 


^ 

■M 


s 




1^ 


f " 


1 "^ 


1^ 


Kin 


A 
& 


o 

u 


g 



Pleasant 

Marnelu 

Gasman 

St. Carl 

Gassland 

Precinct No 43 

Humphreys 

McKInley 

Scandla 

North Star 

Moore 

Berthold ^. 

Patterson 

Norman 

Ross 

Precinct No 53, Twp 160, 

Range 88 

Shattuck 

Carbondale 

Greenfield 

Spencer 

Waterf ord 

Surrey 

Hoff, No Returns 

Lake View 



33 

10 
8 
21 
30 
2i 
34 
40 
21 
30 
14 
39 
20 
16 
U 

28 
25 
36 
16 

2r 

25 
43 

29 



33 


9 


10 


2 


9 


• • • • 


22 


14 


31 


8 


25 


5 


35 


14 


34 


4 


19 


5 


27 


13 


12 


2 


39 


7 


16 


5 


19 


8 


11 


3 


30 


• • • ■ 


25 


16 


36 


9 


15 


U 


26 


9 


25 


6 


41 


9 


29 


7 



2 
2 

» • • 

11 
7 
5 

13 
4 
5 

14 
3 
7 
5 
8 
3 



16 
8 
9 

• 

o 

1 

10 

6 





35 




10 




9 


2 


20 




32 




32 


2 


36 




40 




19 


2 


28 


2 


13 


2 


43 


■ • • 


17 


2 


17 


• • • 


10 


2 


29 


• • • 


24 


• • • 


38 


• • • 


16 


1 
9, 


27 I 
25 1 



9 
2 

• • • 

13 
8 
8 

14 
6 
9 

14 
5 
7 
7 

11 
6 



16 

9 

15 

9 

6 

1 46 ( 10 

I 

30 i 6 



3 
2 
1 

9 m 

8 



2 
1 



1 
4 
1 



Totals 11782 



1723 I 520 



523 



62 111803 I 621 I 94 
I i 



WELLS COUNTY. 



Johnson 


22 


22 


1 
8 


8 


• • • ■ 


22 


9 


• • • • 


Sykeston 


33 


34 


20 


19 


• • • • 


30 


20 


• • ft • 


Woodward 


9 


9 


3 


3 


• • • • 


6 


6 


• • • • 


Falrview 


20 


19 


5 


5 


• • • • 


18 


7 


• • • • 


Bremen 


7 


8 


14 


14 


1 


7 


16 


1 


Eden 


31 


31 


4 


5 


1 


28 


7 


1 


Fallede 


33 


30 


10 


12 


• • • • 


34 


10 




Hamburg 


34 


35 


5 


4 






37 


6 




German town 


30 


30 


2 


2 






30 


2 




Cathay 


33 


30 


10 


10 






27 


16 




Grant 


18 


17 


4 


5 






17 


6 




Speedwell 


12 


n 


6 


6 






11 


6 




Lee 


5 


5 


4 


4 






5 


4 




Oshkosh 


123 
26 


121 
26 


25 
6 


23 

6 






107 
24 


38 

8 




Norway 


1 


Hernldale 


36 


37 


4 


4 






35 


• • • • 




Fram 


30 


31 


15 


16 






SO 


16 





STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



189 



WELLS COUNTY-Continued. 



PRECINCT 



Representatives 
Congress. 


in 


Gtovemor. 


(4 

• 
• 


• 
• 


Q 


P 


OQ 


^ 


P 


OQ 


• 

r2 


• 

60 














o9 


C 




•d 




• 







d 
R 


^ 


53 




60 




s 


4^ 


at 


cd 


► 


^^ 


a 


jU 


O 


ct 


^ 


OQ 


3 


S 


W4 

» 


^ 








James River 
Highland .... 
Ontario .... 

Holland 

Lincoln 

Washington 
Antelope . . . 
Graupmann 
Brushland .. 

Whitby 

Harvey 

Hillsdale .... 

Pioneer 

Pony Gulch 

Totals ... 



29 


23 


14 


20 


3 


30 


16 


18 


3 


3 


• • • • 


17 


11 


11 


5 


6 


• • • • 


12 


36 


37 


15 


15 


7 


36 


5 


5 


9 


9 


• • • • 


4 


8 


8 


5 


4 


2 


8 


17 


19 


7 


8 


• • • • 


18 


46 


46 


2 


2 


• • • • 


46 


36 


34 


2 


3 


• • • • 


36 


12 


13 


7 


8 


« • • • 


13 


117 


123 


25 


26 


17 


117 


26 


25 


3 


7 


4 


27 


26 


26 


3 


3 


• • • • 


26 


26 


26 


1 


1 


2 


^6 



14 
3 
5 

17 

10 
4 
8 
2 
1 
7 

31 
4 
3 
2 



2 



15 
4 



913 910 I 246 I 261 I 37 11 884 | 294 | 30 



,261| 



I 



WILLIAMS COUNTY. 



Williston 

Stonv Creek 


60 
42 
61 
45 
4Z 
11 


68 
41 
60 
41 
42 
10 


37 
- 14 
13 
10 
14 

• • • ■ 


25 
14 
13 
10 
15 
2 


• • • • 

• • • • 

1 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 


60 
37 
66 
44 
35 
12 


40 .... 
21 .... 


Hofflund 


12 1 


Tande 

Buford 

Ray 


12 .... 
25 1 

X • • • • 



Totals I 262 



252 



88 



79 



I 254 I 111 

I 1 



190 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE OF NORTH DAKOTA, 1902. 



COUNTIES 



Representatives In Congress. 




Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Porks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure *" 

Logan 

MeHenry 

Alclntosh 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

R'chland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

TraiU 

^alsh 

Ward 

TVells 

Williams 

Total 

Plurality 



1201 


1178 


391 


434 


116 


1263 


1228 


379 


388 


11 


1S2 


138 


18 


18 


1 


1144 


1132 


756 


780 


53 


755 


747 


332 


340 


13 


2255 


2376 


799 


778 


170 


1265 


1276 


882 


885 


39 


741 


673 


337 


376 


34 


424 


414 


156 


153 


12 


407 


411 


230 


237 


7 


472 


469 


258 


254 


4 


1897 


1995 


907 


933 


59 


443 


422 


237 


257 


21 


254 


260 


44 


40 


1 


630 


606 


269 


311 


19 


272 


267 


11 


11 


1 


1175 


1154 


399 


397 


50 


498 


498 


19 


19 


1 


658 


643 


59 


64 


8 


207 


208 


2 


2 


1 


941 


951 


898 


400 


15 


8^ 


880 


404 


4?2 


8L 


97 


97 


52 


58 


a 


1586 


1698 


924 


921 


5 


578 


567 


240 


251 


21 


1003 


996 


241 


261 


38 


901 


882 


258 


264 


29 


1609 


1612 


1315 


1338 


83 


606 


614 


351 


355 


86 


725 


693 


319 


338 


51 


511 


5U 


231 


231 


19 


344 


350 


32 


42 


22 


1013 


1006 


486 


483 


15 


707 


700 


379 


373 


18 


930 


941 


178 


196 


29 


1505 


1498 


1251 


1281 


65 


1782 


1723 
910 


520 


539 


58 


918, 


246 


261 


87 


262 


262 


88 


89 


1 



1297 

1302 
138 

1210 
761 

2344 

1475 
718 
443 
419 
499 

2373 
455 
258 
639 
276 

1236 
499 
665 
2U 
987 
910 
102 

1696 
606 

1046 
917 

1713 
6)9 
745 
625 
354 

1089 
768 
9S0 

1642 

1914 
967 
280 



32986 
18594 



82854 
18089 



14392 I 14765 



1196 



85066 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



191 



VOTE OF NORTH DAKOTA, 1902— Continued. 



COUNTIES 



Governor. 


Lient. Governor 


^ 


q 


QQ 


OS 


00 


CX2 

00 




fl 




4i 





•^4 


o 


ed 


•M 


o 


fl 


•M 


-M 


a 


C 


s 




Q. 


a 
^ 


2 
o 


2 





S 
CX2 



Barnes 

Benson 

BUUngs 

Bottineau . . . 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons .... 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Grigj?s 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry .... 
Mcintosh .... 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton .... 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark : 

Steele 

Stutsman . . . . 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh , 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . . . 



136S 


437 


108 


1^ 


419 


1207 


441 


17 


1252 


391 


132 


22 


1 


188 


18 


m6 


815 


62 


1142 


766 


723 


395 


6 


745 


348 


1858 


1415 


154 


2210 


899 


1297 


968 


42 


1301 


901 


691 


360 


38 


686 


364 


415 


165 


14 


422 


158 


411 


229 


8 


414 


228 


409 


339 


6 


454 


£63 


1596 


1538 


70 


1909 


1064 


409 


296 


21 


450 


252 


259 


52 


1 


256 


49 


593 


322 


17 


613 


287 


271 


12 


1 


270 


11 


1169 


441 


66 


1187 


401 


497 


22 


1 


498 


19 


685 


81 


11 


66 


66 


212 


4 




207 


4 


922 


447 


14 


941 


412 


F38 


488 


113 


869 


413 


100 


55 




100 


53 


1585 


1014 


4 


1594 


946 


547 


287 


20 


673 


24) 


975 


293 


46 


1011 


261 


858 


317 


84 


889 


269 


1563 


1419 


36 


1604 


1351 


592 


407 


35 


616 


362 


690' 


363 


45 


718 


324 


498' 


271 


18 


600 


245 


310 


76 


25 ] 


361 


88 


971 


587 


16 


923 


616 


707 


426 


18 


716 


390 


795 


352 


38 


948 


185 


1433 


1463 


66 


1522 


1281 


1824 


607 


66 


1818 


538 


884 


294 


30 


979 


266 


254 


111 


[ 2 


260 


87 



113 
16 

2 
68 

6 

172 

40 

36 

12 

8 

5 
56 
25 

1 
19 

1 
68 

1 

S 



13 
7« 



4 
2) 
39 
28 
82 
36 
60 
21 
21 

9 
15 
81 
69 
61 
80 

2 



Total I 31613 

Plurality 14037 



17676 



1245 



32965 I 15196 
17760 



1180 



LBQISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE OF NORTH DAKOTA, 1902— Continued. 



BllIIngB 

Bottlneiin ... 
Burleigh ... 

Cavalier .. .. 

Dickey 

Edd; 



Qrand Forks . 

Qrlgga 

Kidder 

liBMaure 

McHenry .. ,. 
MolDtosh .. .. 
McLean 



I 114654 I 12J7 133360 |I4T13 ' 



STATE OT NORTH DAKOTA 



VOTE OF NORTH DAKOTA, 1902— Continued. 








»?. 








atraction 


iDSDrBoa 








Q 


"1 




1 






s 














g 




4 








iS 




^ 


B^„ 


mR 


396 


m 


1174 


441 


















Bllllnga 






































































Dlcbe; 


see 
































































































LaMonre 


813 


314 


30 


SIT 


281 


19 


Logan 












































































































































1015 


267 


40 




:S2 


41 


































3E2 


35 
























































































































Wells 


m 


m 


Z7 


»n 


261 


£8 


Winiams 


343 






la 




4 


Total 


Sff?fl9 


1^7 


.» 


32491 


16197 


US3 



194 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE OF NORTH DAKOTA, 1902— Continued. 



COUNTIES 



Attorney 
Qeneral 


Com. of A^ricuUnre 


and. Labor 




Pi 




Q 


- « Q 


cc 


1 






4a 

•*> 

s 

n 


a ^ 

1 ■ 1 


c 
■ ■ Q 


' 


n93 


441 


1188 418 1 


L13 


1264 


396 


1244 399 


17 


134 


18 


132 


19 


1 


1146 


773 


1136 1 


'8'» 


46 


728 


. 330 


704 i 386 1 


5 


2255 


817 


2242 7 


'99 1 


.76 


1290 


896 


1307 J 


m 


41 


682 


367 


678 S 


161 


38 


420 


157 


416 1 


65 


12 


413 


228 


410 2 


SO 


8 


457 


268 


461 S 


167 


6 


1957 


995 


2010 £ 


►47 


71 


437 


241 


429 2 


116 


20 


253 


48 


252 


62 


1 


625 


283 


609 2 


!91 


16 


270 


U 


272 


11 


1 


1186 


407 


1190 2 


186 


66 


498 


19 


498 


19. 


1 


635 


73 


643 


71 


4 


210 


2 


212 


2 


• • 


945 


405 


936 4 


US 


12 


923 


410 


868 4 


no 


86 


99 


53 


99 


64 


• • 


1568 


956 


1571 9 


161 


6 


573 


248 


565 2 


!56 


22 


1015 


270 


1011 2 


152 


38 


892 


271 


894 2 


!66 


29 


1600 


1357 


1692 IS 


147 


28 


620 


359 


610 S 


166 


36 


710 


330 


703 a 


m 


47 


496 


255 


601 2 


160 


23 


358 


34 


344 


85 


22 


1010 


517 


986 6 


S6 


U 


707 


396 


707 3 


.89 


18 


952 


187 


934 1 


90 


27 


1514 


1296 


1518 12 


180 


63 


1688 


675 


1794 E 


37 


67 


9U 


263 


917 2 


68 


29 


259 


96 


266 


92 


8 



Barnes 

Benson 

BOllnss 

Bottineau ... 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Diclsey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure .... 

Logan 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

R'chland 

Ro'lette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner , 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . . . 



Total 



.| 32878 1 16168 1 82838 | 14943 1 
I I I I ' 



1183 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



VOTE OF NORTH DAKOTA, 1902— Continued. 



Barnea 


Uffi 


1132 


ion 


408 










381 


Buiings ■.'." ;:; 


133 


131 


128 


_1S 












BurlelBh .:' ".' 


m 


m 


719 


341 


Caw 7. 


2201 




2166 


780 






1PB6 






Dickey ..'."..'.'.'. 


657 


m 


659 


360 


Bddr 












m 




393 




Poster ...■." .'.'.' 






443 


£62 


Grand Forks . 




1849 






GrlBss 


m 




41B 


248 


KWder 


2t9 


217 


245 




LaMoure 




604 








m 


2T0 






MeHenrV .■'.": 


11« 


1IB2 




387 


McIntOEh ... . 


494 






19 


McLean 


632 


S32 


627 


66 


Mercer 


202 


202 


20S 


2 












Nelson .V-V.' 


MB 


m 


779 


429 


Oliver 


94 




92 


63 




1639 


1B73 




SE3 


Fierce 


M4 


EE4 


637 


264 


Rflmsey 


994 


978 


861 


266 




874 


850 






lUchlwid",^,'. ". 


1520 


1E60 




1429 


Boletce 


692 


612 


676 




Bargent 


ESI 


67B 


866 


520 


Stark 


4S4 


4S9 


483 




Steele 


344 










m 




960 


484 


Town«i 


6ET 


788 


626 




Tralll 


sa 


906 


893 


199 


•Walah 




148& 






Ward 


16!l6 


1706 


1627 


Boe 


Welto 


888 


880 






Wllllama .. .. 


m 


201 


288 


^ 





a 


m 


1 


DB 




■■ 




i 






\ 


i 


1 


1 




M 


n 


a 


CD 


!0 


416 


114 


124 


112 




386 


IB 


15 


IS 


18 


IS 










780 


15 


45 


4B 


(37 


343 








78 


783 


186 


187 


1S4 






40 


■41 


87 




3CT 


35 




S8 




148 


14 


10 


12 


.25 






8 


9 


62 


261 




6 




^ 


1006 


78 




59 








£2 


21 


49 


47 


1 


1 






283 


17 


18 


1« 














391 


69 


49 


43 




18 




2 




67 


69 


7 




7 


105 


397 


'is 


"is 


■"14 


24 


GIG 


80 






62 


E2 


.,... 




2 










4 


53 


239 


21 


a 


EO 


81 


269 


36 


S7 


37 








31 


31 


H 


1372 


28 


29 


28 










35 


J7 


334 


4S 




49 




241 




26 


22 










19 


185 


483 


IB 


16 


17 




366 




15 


13 




206 


27 




29 






68 


61 


60 


17 








59 






..... 




..... 


n 


82 




"■■5 





...131812 132067 130039 ll4ffIB II 



131812 132067 130039 ll4eiE I148U 114924 I U93 I U69 I U«6 



I U93 I U69 I l: 



196 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



CENSUS STATISTICS— 1900. 



Population of North Dakota by Counties. 

TABLE 1.— POPULATION OF NORTH DAKOTA: I860- to 1900. 



CENSUS YEARS 



Popula- 
tion 



Increase 



Number 



Per Cent 



1900. 
1S90. 
1880. 
1870. 
1860. 



319,146 

182.719 

36,909 

2,405 

(2) 4,837 



136,427 

145,810 

34,504 



74.7 

395.1; 

1,434.7 



(1) Approximate population of present area of North Dakota. 

(2) Dakota territory. 

The population of the state in 1900 is 319,146 as compared with 
a population in 1890 of 182,719, showing an increase during tho 
last ten years of 136,427, or 74.7 per cent. A small portion of this 
Increase is due to the fact that there were 7,980 Indians and 284 
other persons, or a total of 8,264 persons, on Indian reseryatlons, 
etc.. In North Dakota, who were specially enumerated In 1890 
under the provisions of the census act, but were included In 
the general population of the state at that census. That part of 
the territory of Dakota which now constitutes the State of North 
Dakota had an approximate population in 1870 of 2,405, and In 
1880 of 36,909, the increase from 1870 to 1880 having been 34,604, 
or 1,434.7 per cent, and from 1880 to 1890, 145,810, or 391,1 per cent. 

The population of North Dakota in 1900 is nearly nine times as 
large as that given for 1880. 

The total land surface of North Dakota is approximately 
70,195 square mlleh, the average number of persons to the square 
mile at the censuses of 1890 and 1900 being as follows: 1890, 2.6; 
1900, 4.5. 

Table 2 shows the population of North Dakota by counties at 
each census from 1870 to 1900 Inclusive, while table 3. which im- 
mediately follows, shows, for each county, the increase (or de* 
crease) by number and per cent during the ten years from 1890 to 
1900. 

TABLE 2.— POPULATION OP NORTH DAKOTA BY COUN- 
TIES: 1870 TO 1900. 




The state 



182,719 I (1) 36,909 I (1) 2,405 



Aired (2) J. 

Barnes 

Benson (3) 

Billings (4) 

Bottineau 



13159 

8320 

975 

7532 



7045 

2460 

170 

2893 



)■ 



1585 
'i823* 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



197 



TABLE 2— Continaed. 



COUNTIES 



1900 



1890 



1880 



1870 



Bowman (6) 

Buford CO 

Barleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier (8) 

Church (9) 

De Smet (10) ... 

Dickey (11) 

Dunn (12) 

Eddy (18) 

Emmons 

Flannery (7) — 

Foster (14) , 

Oarfleld (15) .... 
Grand Forks (16) 

Orlggs (XT) 

Hettinger aS) 

Howard (19) 

Kidder 



6081 
28625 
12680 



6061 



3830 
4349 



3770 



24459 
4744 



1754 



6 

803 

4247 

19613 

6471 

74 



5573 

159 

1877 

1871 

72 
1210 

33 

18357 

2817 

81 



I 



12U 



3246 
8998 



88 



37 
'6248 



12 
89 



a) Total population for Dakota territory In 1880, 135,177, 1870 
14,184; I860, 4,^. The population of the remaining counties In 
1880 and 1870 is given under South Dakota; no county organization 
in 1860. 

(2) Organized from, part of Howard in 1883; part annexed to 
Billings in 1897, and part taken to form part of Williams since 
1890. 

(3) Organized from parts of- De Smet and Ramsey in 1883. 

(4) Part taken to form Bowman in 1883; Bowman, McKenzIe, 
and part of Aired annexed in 1897. 

(5) Part of Renville annexed in 1897. 

(6) Organized from part of Billings In 1883; annexed to Bill- 
ings in 1897. 

(7) Organized from- part of Wallette in 1883; part taken to 
form part of Williams since 1890. 

(8) Towner organized from parts of Cavalier and Rolette In 
1883. 

(9) Organized from parts of McHenry and Sheridan in 1887; 
annexed to McHenry, McLean and Pierce since 1890. 

(10) Name changed from French in 1875; taken to form Pierce 
in 1887 and part of Benson In 1883. 

(11) Dickey organized from part of La Moure In 1881. 

(12) Organized from part of Howard in 1883; annexed to Stark 
In 1897. 

(13) Organized from part of Foster in 1885. 

(14) Parts taken to form Eddy in 1885, part of Griggs in 1881, 
and part of Nelson in 1883. 

(15) Organized from part of Stevens In 1885, annexed to McLean 
in 1891. 

(16) Parts taken to form parts of Walsh in 1881 and Nelson In 
1883. 

(17) Organized from parts of Foster and Traill in 1881; part 
taken to form part of Steele in 1883. 

(18) Organized from part of Stark in 1883; annexed to Stark In 
1897. 

(19) Taken to form Aired, Dunn, McKenzIe and Wallace in 
1883. 



198 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



TABLE 2.— Continued. 



COUNTIES. 



1900 



1890 



1880 



1870 



LaMoure (11) .. 

Logan (20) 

McHenry (21) .. 
Mcintosh (20)... 
McKenzie (22) . 
McLean (28) .... 
Mercer (24) .... 

Morton 

Mpnntraille (25). 

Nelson (2e) 

OUvep (27) 

Pembina (28) ... 

Pierce (29) 

Ramsey (30) .. 
Ransom (31) ... 
RenvUle (32) .. 
Richland (33) . 

Rolette (8) 

Sargent (34) ... 
Sheridan (36) .. 

Stark (36) 

Steele (37) 

Stevens (38) ... 



G0i8 
1625 
5253 

4818 



4791 
1778 
8069 



7316 
990 
17869 
4765 
9198 
6919 



17387 
7995 
6039 



7621 
5888 



3187 

597 

1584 

8.48 

8 

960 

428 

4728 

122 

4293 

464 

14334 

905 

4418 

5393 

99 

10751 

2427 

5076 

5 

2804 

3777 

16 



I 



20 



200 
13 



4862 



281 
637 



8697 



247 



1213 



««••..•••• 



(11) Dickey organized from part of LaMoure in 1881. 

(20) Mcintosh organized from part of Logan in 1883. 

(21) Part taken to form part of Church in 1887; part of Church 
annexed since 1890. 

(22) Organized! from part of Howard in 1883; annexed to Bill* 
ings in 1897. 

(2S) Organized from part of Stevens in 1883; Garfield and Sheri- 
dan annexed in 1891 and parts of Church and Stevens annexed 
since 1890. 

(24) Part taken to form Oliver in 1885; part of Williams an- 
nexed since 1890. 

(25) Annexed to ward in 1891. 

(26) Organized from parts of Foster, Grand Forks and Ramsey 
in 1883. 

(27) Organized from part of Mercer ln_ 1885. 

(28) Part taken to form part of Walsh in 1881. 

(29) Organized from part of De Smet in 1887; part of Church 
annexed since 1890. 

(30) Parts taken to form parts of Benson and Nelson in 1883. 

(31) Part taken to form part of Sargent in 1883. 

(32) Part taken to form part of Ward in 1885; annexed to Bot- 
tineau and Ward in 1897. 

(33) Part of Sisseton and Wahpeton Indian reservation annexed 
between 1880 and 1890. 

(8) Towner organized from parts of Cavalier and Rolette in 1883. 

(34) Organized from parts of Ransom county and Sisseton and 
Wahpeton Indian reservation in 1883. 

(35) Part taken to form part of Church in 1887; annexed to 
McLean in 1891. 

(36) Part taken to form Hettinger in 1883; Dunn, Hettinger and 
Wallace annexed in 1897, and part of Williams annexed since 1890. 

(37) Organized from parts of Griggs and Traill in 1883. 

(38). Parts taken to form McLean in 1883, and Garfield and part 
of Ward in 1885; parts annexed to McLean and Ward since 1^. 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



199 



TABLE 2— Continued. 



COUNTIES 



1900 



1890 



1880 



1870 



Stutsman 

Towner (8) 

TraUl (39) 

Wallace (12) 

Wallette (40) 

Walsh (41) 

Ward (42) 

Wells (43) 

Williams (44) 

Williams (45) 

Standing Rock Indian res- 
ervation (part of) (47) . 
Unorganized territory .. 



9143 

6491 

13107 



20288 
7961 
8310 



1530 



5266 

1450 

10217 

24 



16587 

1681 

1212 

109 



I 



2208 1(46) 511 
I I 



1007 



4123 
'*432 



14 



I 



I 



(48) 1192 



(39) Parts taken to form part of Griggs in 1881 and part of 
Steele in 1883. 

(40) Taken to form Buford and Flannery in 1885. 

(41) Organized from parts of Qrand Forks and Pembina in 
1881. 

(42) Organized from parts of Renville and Stevens in 1885; 
Mountraille annexed in 1891, part of Renville annexed in 1897, 
anlT part of Stevens annexed since 1890. 

(43) Name changed from Oingras in 1881. 

(44) Annexed to Mercer and Stark since 1890. 

(45) Organized from Buford, Flannery and part of Aired since 
1890. 

(46) Population of Fort Yates and Standing Rock Indian agency, 
exclusive of reservation. Indians. 

(47) Can not be located by counties. For population of re- 
mainder of reser\'a1ion see figures for South Dakota. Formerly 
part of Bowman, Dakota Territory. Returned in 1890 as un- 
organized territory. 

(48) Of the population of the unorganized territory In Dakota 
in 1870 (2,091), 1,191 is estimated to have been within the present 
limits of North Dakota. 

TABLE NO. 3-INCREASE IN POPULATION OF NORTH 
DAKOTA BY COUNTIES.— 1890 to 1900. 



COUNTIES 



Increase 



Number 



Per Cent 



The State 



Barnes . . 
Benson . 
Billings . 
Bottineau 
Bowman 
Buford .. 
Burleigh.. 

Cass 

Cavalier 



136427 I 



74.7 



6114 


86.8 


5860 


238.2 


805 


473.5 


4639 


160.4 


(1) 6 




0) 803 
1834 




43!2 


9012 


45.9 


6109 


94.4 



200 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



TABLE 3— Ck>ntinaed. 



COUNTIES 



Increase 



Number 



Per Cent 



Church 

Dickey 

Dunn 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Plannery 

Foster 

Garfield 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Hettinger 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan , 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McKenzle 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton ^ 

Mountrallle 

Nelson • 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Renville 

Richland 

RoUette 

Sargent 

Sheridan 

Stark 

Steele - 

Stevens 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Wallace 

Walsh 

Ward ...~. 

Wells 

Williams 

Wlliams 

Standing Rock Indian reservation (part I 

of I 

I 



(1)74 

488 

(1) 159 

1953 

2378 

0)72 

2660 

(1) 83 

6102 

1927 

(1) 81 
543 
2861 
1028 
3669 
1570 
(03 
3931 
1350 
8341 
(1) 122 
3023 
526 
3535 
3860 
4780 
1526 

(1) 99 I 

6636 I 

5568 I 

963 I 

a) 5 

5317 
2111 

(1) 16 
3877 
5041 
2890 

(1) 24 
3701 
6280 
7098 
(1) 109 
1530 

1697 



8.8 



141.8 
120.6 



211.6 



23.2 
6S.4 



44.8 

89.8 

122 

231.6 

48.3 



457.1 

815.4 

70.7 



70.4 
113.4 

24.7 
426.5 
108.2 

28.3 

61.7 

229.4 

19.0 



230.8 
55.9 



73.6 

347.7 

28.3 



22.3 
373.6 
585.6 



332.1 



(1) Decrease; county abolished. 

The following territorial changes In the counties of North Dakota 
have been made since 1890: Present county of Williams organ- 
ized from Buford, Flannery, and part of Aired; pnrt of Aired an- 
nexed to Billings and part taken to form part of Williams; Bow» 
man and McKenzle annexed to Billings; Buford and Flannery 
take to form part of Williams; Church annexed to McHenry; 
McLean and Pierce; Dunn, Hettinger and Wallace annexed to 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 201 



*Stark; Garfield and Sheridan annexed to McLean; Mountrllle an- 
nexed to Ward; Renyllle annexed to Bottineau and Ward; Stevens 
annexed to McLean and Ward; and former county of Williams 
annexed to Mercer and Starls. 

Of the 39 counties In the state all have increased in population 
during the decade, the counties showing more than 200 per cent of 
increase being Wells, 585.6 per cent; Billings, 473.5 per cent; Mc- 
Lean, 457.1 per cent; Pierce, 426.5 per cent; Ward, 373.6 per cent; 
Towner, 347.7 per' cent; Mercer, 315.4 per cent; Benson, 238.2 per 
cent; McHenry, 231.6 per cent; Stark, 230.8 per cent; Rolette 
229.4 per cent; and Foster, 211.6 per cent. 



♦State supreme court decision in 1S02 decided act of 1897, chang- 
ing boundaries of Stark county unconstitutional and original boun* 
daries restored. 



VARIOUS MONEYS OF CIRCULATION. 

There are ten different kinds of money in circulation in the 
United States, namely Gold coin, standard silver dollars, sub- 
sidary silver gold certificates, silver certificates, treasury notes 
Issued under the act of July 14, 1890; United States notes (also 
called greenbacks and legal tenders), nationa bank notes and 
nickel and bronze coins. These forms of money are ali available 
as circulation. 

Qpld co!n is legal tender at its nominal or face value for all 
debts, public and private, when not below the standard weight 
and limit of tolerance prescribed by law; and when below such 
standard of tolerance it is legal tender in proportion to its weight. 

Standard silver dollars are legal tender at their nominrjl or face 
value in payment of all debts, public and private, without regard 
to the amount, except where otherwise expressly st'pulated In the 
contract. • 

Subsidiary silver is legal tender for amounts not exceeding $10 
In any one payment. Treasury notes of the act of July 14, 1890, 
are legal tender for all debts, public and private, except where 
otherwise expressly stipulated in the contract. 

United States notes are legal tender for all debts, public and 
private, except duties on imports and interest on the public debt. 

Gold certificates, silver certificates and national bank notes are 
not legal tender, but such classes of certificates are receivable for 
a'l public dues, while national bank notes are receivable for all 
public dues except duties on imports, and may be paid out by the 
government for all salaries and other debts and demands owing 
by the United States to individuals, corporations and associations 
within the United States, except interest on the public -debt, and 
in redemption of the national currency. All national banks are 
required by law to receive the notes of other national banks at 
par. 

The minor coins of nickel and copper are legal tender to the 
extent of 25 cents. 

The coinage of the legal tender gold was authorized by the first 
coinage act, passed by congress April 2, 1792. The gold unit of 
value is the dollar, which cont^.ins 25.8 grains of standard gold, 
«00 fine. The amount of fine gold in the dollar is 23.22 grains, 
and the remainder of the weight is an alloy of copper. 

The s'lver unit is the dollar, which contains 412 1-2 grains of 
standard silver 900 fine. The amount of fine silver in the dollar 
Is 371^4 grains, and there are 41^ grains of copper alloy. 



i-EGISIjATrVE MANUAL 




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LEGISI^TIVE MANUAL 



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206 



LBQISLATIVB MANUAL 



TERMS OF DISTRICT COURT. 



Coanty 



3 



Dates 



Barnes . . 
Benson . 
Billings . 
Bottineau 
Burleigh 
Cass . . . . 



• "1 

• '4 



••1 



Cavalier ..^ 

Dickey , 

Eddy ^ 

Bmmons . ,d 

Foster I 

Grand Forks. 

Griggs : 

Kidder ...... 

LaMoure . . i 

Logan } 

McHenry 
Mcintosh 
McLean 
Mercer . . . .^ 
MoFton ..... 
Nelson ....^ 

Oliver 

Pembina ..^ 

Pierce 4 

Ramsey ...n 
Hansom . . . ^ 
Richland . .* 
Rolette .... 
Sargent ...« 

Stark ^ 

Steele • 

Stutsman . . 
Towner 
Traill 
Walsh 

Ward i 

Wells f 

Williams . ,4 1 



••1 
t 

a a • aaA 



I 

5 2d Monday in June and 2d Monday In Dec. 

2 2d Monday in June and 3d Monday in Nov. 

6 As judge shall direct. 

2 2d M. In Feb., 1st M. June and 4th M. in Nov. 

8d Tuesday in May and 4th Tuesday in Nov. 

3 *lst Tuesday after let Monday in January., 4th 

Tu. in April, 1st Tu. In Sept., 1st Tu. in Nov. 

7 8d Tuesday In May and 1st Tuesday In Nov. 

4 4th T. in June and 1st W. after 1st Tu. in Nov. 

5 4th Monday in May and 4th Monday in Nov. 
(> As judge shall direct. 

5 1st Monday In May and 2d Monday in Oct. 

1 1st Tu. in each month, except Aug. and Sept. 

5 2d Monday in May and 2d Monday in Nov. 

6 3d Tuesday in June and 2d Tuesday in Jan. 
5 4th Monday in Sept. and 1st Monday in Feb. 

5 4th Mondav in April and 4th Monday in Oct. 

8 2d M. In Mch., 4th M. in June and 3d M. in Sept. 
4 4th Tuesday in April and 3d Tuesday in Oct. 

6 As judge shall direct 
6 As judge shall direct. 

6 3d T. in April and 1st Wed. after 1st M. in Nov. 

1 4th Monday in May and 3d Monday in Nov. 

6 As judge shall direct. 

7 I •••Ist T.Jan.. IstT.June. 1st T.Apr., 1st T. Oct. 

2 ' *' ' 

2 
4 
4 
2 
4 



4th Monday in Jan. and 8d Monday in June. 

1st Monday in Jan. and 1st Monday in June. 

1st Tuesday in May and 2d Tuesday in Jaiv 

Ist Tuesday in June and 1st Tuesday in Dec. 

8d Monday in Feb. and 4th Monday in June. 

3d Tuesday in May and 3d Tuesday in Nov. 
I 6 1 1st Tuesday in April and 2d Tuesday in Sept. 
3 8d Tuesday in June- and 3d Tuesday in Oct. 
5 l9t Monday in Jan. and Ist Monday in July. 
2 1st Monday in Dec. and Ist Monday in May. 
8 2d Tuesday in Feb. and 1st Tuesday in June. 

7 ♦•4th T. Jan^ 8d T. June, 8d T. Nov., 8d T. Mch. 

8 4th M. in Jan., 4th M. in Apr. and 4th M. Oct. 
8 8d Monday in Jan. and 2d Monday in Sept. 
8 \ 4th M. Feb., 4th M. July and 4th M. Sept. 



•No jury Sept. term. 
••No jury March or Nov. terms. 
•••No jury Apr. or Oct. terms. 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



207 



LIST OF ATTORNEYS IN NORTH DAKOTA. 



Abercromble 

Munger, E A 
Korsvik, G H 

Anamoose 

Kline H S 

Aneta 
Shirley, M A 

Ashley 

Wlshek, J H 
Clyde, A W 

Bathgate 
Burke, W. J. 

Berthold 

Warren, E G 
McQueen, W. E. 

Bisbee 

Hurst, A. C. 

Bowdon 

Doughty, H B 

Balfour 

Bird, J A 

Bismarck 

Register, F. H. 
Cochrane, W. F. 
Fort, John F. 
Allen, E. S. 
Patterson, A. T. 
Bull, J. W. 
DuUam, G F , 
Philbrick, John F. 
Register, Greo. M. 
Gage, J. R. 
Boucher, N. F. 
Hedrix, A. J. 
Hannifin, Dennis 
Moore, Wm. 
Perkins, W. T. 
Stevens, R. N. 
Little, C B. 

Bottineau 

Blood, H S 
Noble, V B 
Goss, E B 
Bowen, E C 
Fisk, Frank 
Burr, A G 
Wegner, H C 

Bowbells 

MotIus, a W 
Shippam, John 
Gjertsen, Geo H 
Lyon, Fred I 
Shull, W B 



Buffalo 

More, S G 

Carpto 

Tasker, T W 

Cando 

Davis, F D 
Skinner, H O 
Monnet, J C 
Brooke, Jas V 
Kehoe J J 

Carrington 

Estabrook, G H 
Hoopes, W E 
McCue, T F 
Leslie, C E 
Bill, R A 

Courtenay 
Coffey, J A ' 

Casselton 

Scott, H G 
Callahan, J F 
Bartlett, S B 

Cavalier 

Laxdal, D J 
Bynjolf son, M • 
Halldorson, P E 

Cooperstown 

Carlton, W H 
Bartlett, David 
Baldwin, A M 
Spicer, M C 
Tufte, Benj 

Crary 

Anderson Edgar 

Denhoff 

Callahan J A 

Devils Lake 

Henry, John 
SeiTimgard, Sever 
Anderson W M 
Barnett E R 
Brennan, M H 
Denoyer, Jos 
Flynn, E F 
Gooler, L D 
Goer, R 
Hutchins E H 
Kennedy, Chas D 
Maher John W 
McClory, Peter J 
Middaugh. H G 
Townsend, B D 
Burke, John 
Adamson, J C 



Dickinson 

Gregory, C E 
Baker, F M 
McBrlde M L 
Simpson, L A 
Campbell, J G 
Field, J H 

Donnybrook 

Hoffman, G M 
Hovey, Clark 

Drayton 

Kellogg, W B 
Richardson, Elmer 

Edgeley 

Owen, B A 

Ellendale 

Randall, P 
Flemington, A D 
Cassels, E E 
Youker, D T 
Austin, Jas M 
Perry, E P 
Webb, Geo T 
Perry, H H 

Enderlin 

Reynolds, A W 

Esmond 

Halvorsen, H L 
Woodhouse, O W 
Purchase, Geo H 

Fullerton 

Porter, Benj. 

Fairmount 
Tuttle, Chas A 

Fargo 

Wilder, Fred 
Ball, W F 
Barnett, Wm H 
Pollock, R M 
Greene, John E 
Resser, W C 
Clapp, W J 
Crum, Taylor 
Ball, Frank A 
Hamilton, L T 
Johnson, J Chester 
Edwards, A W 
Hudson, S A 
Johnson, J A 
Cushon, R A 
Stimmel, Smith 
Wallace, G L 
Roberts, S G 
Ryan, Martin 
Smith. E H 
Hanson, A G 



208 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



ATTORNEYS IN NORTH DAKOTA— Continued. 



FARGO— Continued. 

Phelps, Geo H 
Tilly, J W 
Douglas, W B 
Johnson, L C 
Rose, L A 
Lalzure, C H 
Cole, A T 
Gearey, E C 
Twichell, L L 
Shure, W H 
Hildreth, MA 
Robinson, J E 
Farrand, John D 
McEldowny, J A 
Freerks, G W 
Miller, H F 
Thompson, F J 
Poague, G^o W 
Barnes, O G 
Bessie, A J 
Turner, H R 
Lee, A B 
Newton, G W 
Bentou, John D 
Lovell, V R 
Roberts, Augustus 
Scott, W A 
Eaton, J B 
Engernd, Edward 
Holt, D B 
Jack, A L 
Watson, J S 
Maclay, D G 
Newman, Seth 
Spalding. B F 
Stambaugh, W S 
Reese, S H 
Morrill, Fred 
McDonald, A B 
Pierce, Ed 
Tenneson, B G 
McEnroe. T H 
Smith. W W 
Krough, Henry 
Lowell, Jacob 
Baker, Thos Jr 
Sheldon, S L 
Montgomery, J A 

Fessenden 

Youngblood, J J 
Wilson, M E 
Hawes, A E 
Woodward; P H 

Finley 

Carpenter, W L 

Forman 

Bishop, J E 
DIvet, A G 
Bowen, E W 



Goodrich 

Nuessle, W L 
Grethen, Otto 

Grafton 

Casey T D 
Gray, J E 
De Puy, Wm R 
Fralne, J H 
Myers, Jeff M 
McKenzie, Wm 
Phelps, W H 
Spencer, CAM 
Swlggum, E N 

Grandin 

Sheldon, S L 
Gilby 
Harshman, Chas. 

Grand Forks 

Brynjolfson, B S 
Bosard, R H 
Whltcom,W F 
Whlthed, H L 
Wilder, F H 
Wilder, W L 
Anderson, W J 
Carothers, R M 
Bosard, Jas H 
Cooley, C M 
Corliss, Guy C H 
r!!!fford, Geo B 
Feetham, F B 
Hamilton, J G 
Kent, E H 
Mayer, W J 
Bobbins, Geo R 
Sorley, J A 
Taylor, E J 
Rex, Scott 
Wineman, J B 
Wehe, L J 
Bangs, Tracy R 
Bangs, Q A 
Cutts, R W 
Joy, W A 
Murphy, C J 
Templeton. C F 
Skulason, B G 
Standlsh. W H 
Bruce, A A 
Davles, T C 
Ogren. John W 

Granviiie 

Slavens, W E 
Hookway, C W 

Guelph 

Puffer, !• N 



Hanklnson 

Dwyer, J A 
Strohm J L 

Hamilton 

Sprng, C L 

Harvey 

Hanchett, John O 
Bessesen, H J 
Wartner, Aloys 
Shaw, Geo K. jr 
Grethen, Anton 

Hillsboro 

Selby, J F 
Swenson, P G 
Norman, M H 
Carmody, John 
Kaldor, Theo 

Hope 

Shlppy, C S 
McMahon, E J 

Inkster 

Barry, J R 

Jamestown 

Eager, G C 
Carr, John 
Backus, Albert 
Baldwin, Fredrus 
Ellsworth, S E 
Knanf, John 
McHarg, Ormsby 
Rose, Roderick 
Seller, Oscar J 
Thorp, Geo W 
Wilder, S A 
Sanford, E M 
Conklln, Marion 
Murphy, Jas A 
Thorp, E W 
Rose, E S 
Kneeland, F G 

Kenmare 

Palda, L J, Jr 
Pierce, D R 
Gray, A* W 

Kulm 

Sharpe, J B 
Larson, Nels 
Hedtke, R R 

Lakota 

Fruit, H D 
Sheets, A E 
Frlch, Carl N 
Kelly, Geo D 
Kelly, Fred A 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



209 



ATTORNEYS IN NORTH DAKQTA-Continued. 



- LaMoure 

Hughes, W H 
Davis, C W 
BlackwelU R W S 
Warren, E M > 
Lasell, M C 

Langdon 

Price, Geo M 
Lamb, Butler 
Gordon, E H 
Cleary, Jos 
McLean, Fred W 
SInkler, E R 
Atneosen, Otto 
Moellring, G H 
Dickson, W B 

Larimore 

Wilcox. O A 
Pugh, T H 
Radcliffe, S J 

Leeds 

Bergland, E 
Thomas, W H 

Lidgerwood 

Parsons. A L 
Irvine, W I 

Linton 

Linn, W G 
Armstrong, H A 
Farriugton, R M 
Lane, C S 

Lisbon 

Rourke, P H 
Curtis, T A 
Pierson, C E 
Buttz, C W 
Kvello, Alfred M 
Allen, P P 
Heckle, Chas O 
Thomas, F S 
Lacy, A C 

Mandan 

Voss, H G 
Packard, A M 
Cfampbell, J E 
Shaw. B W 
Nuchols, Samuel 
Murphy, F E 
Stutsman, W H 

ISIayvilie 

Ames, F W 
Styles, Asa J 
Steen, Isaac N 

fAtdorsL 
Dennlston, W T 



McHenry 

Faytle, J F 
Lowden, W O 

Micliigan 

Smith, William 

IMiinor 

Sem, O S 

Milton 

Cameron, P G 
Johnson, P G 

iSlinnewaukan 

Rolfe, E S 
Chrlstianson, G T 
Lindstrom, C L 
Buttz, C W 
Dresser, Alfred 
Stuart, R A 
Comstock, O D 

IVIinot 

Gammons, L W 
Johnson, Jas 
Aurlaud. C 
Davis. N 
Leighton, K E 
Olsgard, Thos E 
Blalsdell, A 
Bradford, B H 
Pinney, S B 
Lewis, J H 
Harris, J A 
Sutton, J M 
Johnson, C A 
LeSueur, > 
Greenleaf, D C 
Coyle, John J 
Marcy, J C 
Barrett, M J 
McGee, G A 

Minto . 

DePuy, H C 
Phelps, Jessie 

Mohall 

Gilmore, J M 
Gilmore, George 
Gulllfalle, J L 

Napoleon 

Noble, B C 

New Rockford 

Maddox, C J 
Matt son, P M 
Manly, Jas A 
Allison, R P 
O'Connor, M T 



New Salem 
Howe, Q w 

Northwood 

LInwell, M V 

Cakes 

Cady, S G 
Pay, Geo H 
Steele, H H 
WIckersham, W S 

Page 

Courtney, W J 

Park River 

Myers, Joel 
LIbby, HA 
Owen, Estelle 
Owen, John H 
Petersen. E Smith 
Young, G W 

Pembina 

Quackenbush, V 
Hart, F A 
Conmy, E W 
Peterson, George 

Portal 

Hays. L A 
Murphy, F A 

Portland 

Elmsl'e, C W 

Rolla 

Gailfus, C R 
Plymat, Harry E 

Reynolds 

Ryerson, Geo L 

Ray 

Elliott, Ira L 

RIchburg 

Scott, Guy L 

Rugby 

Petre, W E 
Torson, L N 
Shuman, B L 
Whittemore, Guy L 
McDermont, F H 
Coger, A E 
Nostdal, L R 

Sand Creek 

Gamble, Joseph 
Seymour 
Thomas. A W 



Tl — S~ 



210 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



ATTORNEYS IN NORTH DAKOTA— Continued. 



StarRweather 

Resler, Homer 
St Thomas 

Miller, A L 
Vick, H G 
Hager, Grant S 
McMurchie, Robert 

Sheldon 

Gram, Chas A 
Kvello, Conrad A 
Kremer G M 

Sherbrooke 

Barclay, Wm 
Murray, George 

Souris 

Adams, C B 
Cresswell, H H 
Murphy, J J 
Weeks. J -T 

Spiritwood 

Carr, John W 

Steele 

Walker, Jos W 
Stanley, Chas H 

Tower City 
Twichell, A A 



Towner 

Christianson, A M 
Garrett, W R 
O'Connell, D J 
Ames, A J 

Valley City 

Remmen, Martin E 
Young, Geo M 
Paulson, A P 
Combs, Lee 
Lockerby, S M 
Winterer, Edw • 
Zuger, Alfred 
Lindland, T S 
Parks, Jerome 
Wright, E H 
Redmon, W H 
Burke, E T 
Winterer, Herman 

Velva 

Burke, J E 

Wahpeton 

Dow, Polsom 
Propper. G T 
McCumber, P J 
Forbes, Jos Q 
Jones, Daniel R 
Wolfe, Chas B 
Lambert, F B 
Ink, R N 
Purcell, W E 
Freerks, M C 
Bradley, C L 



Schuler, Gustare 
Morphy, H N 
Snyder, S H 
Wallace, G E 

Walcott 
Myhre, M G 

Walhalla 
Stack, T D 

Washburn 

McCulloch, J T 
Gibson, a P 
Hyland, J A 
Lamb, E A 

Wheatland 

Stowers, Chas BS 
Williston 

Cox, Edwin F 
Copeland, R H 
Overson, W B 
Stewart, N A 
Page, D C 

Willow City 

Besancon, Albert 

Wilton 

More, R A 
Anderson, Charles 

Wishek 
Guy,- A. P. 



REGISTERED LAW STUDENTS. 



Armstrong, Austin Grand Forks 
Auger, Bechmans Grand Forks 

Bateson. William • Rolla 

Beede, Harry R Minot 

Burr, F. C Bottineau 

Byskett, G. R Minot 

Carryspt, H. L Fargo 

Conboy, John Lisbon 

Converse, C. C Cando 

Crum, Paul Fargo 

DaTis. Albert A. Grand Forks 

Donnelly, C. D Towner 

Frame, John S Fargo 

Fraser. J. H Minot 

Gray, CM Carrington 

Holmberg, P. J Devils Lake 

Hull, E. F Wheatland 

Hanson, Charles P Minot 

Keefe, D. J Cando 



K'ttel, R. C Casselton 

Kreitzberg, Mabel S Park River 

Ludowese, N. B Devils Lake 

McGlashan, L. M Bismarck 

Moe, L J Valley City 

Mnnson, H Grand Forks 

Murphy, F. J .....Minot 

Nash, D. L Grand Forks 

Nefsy, D. W Grand Forks 

Points, Rudolph Jamestown 

Ravely, A. L Kulm 

Regan, J. E Langdon 

Samson, John J St. Thomah 

Stevens, Paul B Towner 

Swengel, John J..G}rand Forks 

Syfford, J. C Minot 

Williams, E. R Minot 

Youells, B. D Casselton 



STATS OF NORTH DAXOTA 



ELECTORAL AMD POPULAR VOTE— 1S96 and igoo. 



Calltornifl .. 
Colorado .. 
Connectlcat 
Delaware .. 
Florida . . . 
■Ororgla . . . 

Idaho 

Illinol 

Indiiaa .. 



Michigan 

Minnesota . . . 
'Ml^sls'SlnpI ... 
Missouri . . . . 
Montana .. .. 
Nel)raflta .. . 

Nevada 

New Hamp. 



N. Dakota . 

Ohio 

Oiegan . . , 



id's: 



Utah .. 
Virginia . 



I 51,737 
I 81.512 
I 146 its 

I awn 
I iio.m 

20,3^7 
11.SS9 

323^719 
283,298 
1E9,S4E 

2i8,m 

£2.012 



136.978 

I 267.7SJ ■ 

293,337 

193. £01 

I S.S49 

I 394.603 



131, m 


e3.E92 


















i6.ffn 
























































139.626 




















































427,127 


S 










45,275 












64.651 








155, 9gj 


















H,4S3 



rm 1 7( \-S2 iiK I 



212 LBGISL.ATIVB MANUAL 

populists. The prohibition vote in 1896 was 132,007; the socialist 
vote, 36,274. In 1900 Bryan received fewer votes than in 1896. 
McKinley's plurality was the largest given since the organization 
of the republican party. Returns for the electors of the mhior 
parties are incomplete. As far as recorded Debs, social-democrat, 
received 97,426; Barker, populist, 46,081; Malloney socialist-labor, 
36,373. 



PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS. 

Capitol Bismarck 

University Grand Forlis 

V Insane Asylum Jamestown J> 

^Penitentiary : Bismarck ^^ 

Agricultural College Fargo 

School of Mines (attached to University) Grand Forks 

School for the Deaf Devils Lake 

>/Reform School Mandan 

Normal School , May ville 

Normal School Valley City 

— Institution for Feeble Minded Grafton 

^' Soldiers' Home Lisbon 

Blind Asylum Bathgate 

Industrial School Bllendale 

School of Forestry Bottineau 

Scientific School Wahpeton 

SALARIES OF STATE OFFICERS. 

Governor ; $ 3,000 

Lieutenant Governor 1,000 

Secretary of State 2,000 

Auditor 2,000 

Treasurer 2,000 

Attorney General 2,000 

Superintendent of Public Instruction 2,000 

Commissioner of Insurance 2,000 

Commissioner of Railroads (3) each 2,000 

Commissioner of Agriculture and Labor 2,000 

Judges of Supreme Court (3) each 5,000 

Judges of District Courts (8) each S,50(>^ 

Clerk of Supreme Court 1,500 

Reporter of Supreme Court 1,500 

APPOINTIVE OFFICERS. 

State Examiner 2,000 

Chief Deputy State Examiner 1,800 

Assistant Deputv State Examiner 1,500 

Veterinarians (10) each 60O 

Adjutant General 1,000 

Commissioner of University and School Lands 2,000 

Oil Inspector fees 

Trustees of Public Institutions— Receive ^ per day for each day 
employed and traveling expenses — not more than twelve sessions 
(twenty-four days in the aggregate) to be held in any one year,, 
unless authorized by the governor. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 213 



ALTITUDES IN NORTH DAKOTA. 

Feet. 

Bathgate ^sa 

BelfiSd 2,677 

Bismarck lf"77 

Bismarck, (Missouri river, low water) 1,616 

Bottineau 1.644 

Burlington 1,5?5 

Butte St. Paul, Turtle Mountains (about) 2.800 

Cando 1,490 

Carrington 1,581 

Casselton 930 

Churchs Ferry 1,461 

Cooperstown 1.428 

Gladstone 2,346 

Glen UUln 2.070 

Coteau de Missouri 2,4C0 

Devils Lake 1,467 

Dickinson 2.403 

DriscoU 1,835 

Fargo 903 

Fessenden 1,607 

Ft. Berthold 1,773 

Grafton 824 

Grand Forks 826 

Grand Harbor , 1,460 

Harvey , 1,596 

HlUsboro 901 

Jamestown 1,408 

Kenmare 1,792 

Lakota 1,514 

LaMoure 1,403 

Langdon 1,610 

Larimore 1,134 

Leeds 1,619 

Lisbon l,C9l 

Little Missouri 2,255 

Mandan 1,644 

Milton .".*..!.'!. 1,586 

Minnewaukan ^.. i,46i 

Minot 1,558 

Park River S9S 

Pembina 753 

Hichardton 2,464 

Portal 1,952 

Rugby ■ 1,567 

Sentinel Butte 2,707 

Sims 1,960 

Sheyenne River bed, N. P. crossing 1,409 

Steele 1.857 

St. Johns 1,930 

Valley City 1,227 

Velva 1,516 

Wahpeton 965 

Williston l,"950 

Willow City - 1,478 

Winnipeg (Manitoba) ♦50 

Many of these elevations were taken at railroad levels at the 
respective places. 



L 



t LEOISL.ATIVE MANUAL 

POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES BY 
STATES— 1890 and 1900, 



StStM 


ISOO 


IBM 


Indiana 
Not Taxed 


^5=v;;::--::::--,-- 

Colorado 

Connecticut 


1.838,197 
1.311,564 

'Si 

184' 735 

'-29 

50 

1 

r. 

46 
46 

82 

72 
S9 
■34 

v,Si 

1.881.992 

4,1B7.'54B 

6,I)i;3(6 
42^r56 
1,210.312 

2,022.'723 
517,672 


I.fl3ffl7 

1.738,179 
1,208.130 
412.198 
746,25J 

■■■as 

T51 

96 
196 
i36 

■,.i 

1.301,826 
132.159 

'■"5WS 

8,6,rsi 

5.997'.853 

'■iS;S 

6,;6?.0^4 
316,506 
1.161.149 

1,767;518 

319,390 

7S2.790 

1,686.880 

60,705 






't.? 








ai",;:::-. ■■;;:.;;■-- 

Illinois 




2.297 




Maine 

MarylBua 

MHBBacbuaetts 

K ?S'.;;;;-::::.;::::::::; 












i,76S 


10,746 

i;«65 

iiiii 


Nonh Dakota 


4,692 














South Carolina 

Scutl) DaLota 


'"10,933 








i,m 


WnehlnRtoD 

West Virginia 


"^'is^ 


Wt'ronsiii 

■Wyoming 


i.657 


ToMl 

Terrltorlea. etc.. 


74,621 907 

122'.212 
278,718 
154,001 
391,560 
193,777 
398,246 


62,116,811 

230.392 
180,182 
61,m 


44,617 


Arlionn 


24,6« 






New Menl<-o 

Oklahomi 


56 033 
6.i?7 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 215 

Persons in the service of the United States stationed abroad 
(estimated) 1900, S4,400. 

Indians, etc., on Indian reservations except Indian Territory, 
1900, 145,282. 

Total for seven territories, etc., 1900, 1,667,313; 1893, 552,945; In- 
dians not taxed, 89,541. 

The Alaslsan figures are derived from partial data only, and all 
returns for Alaska and for certain military organizations stationed 
abroad, principally in the Philippines, had not been received when 
the census bureau published the statement above. 



POSTAL INFORMATION. "^ • 

CLASSES OP MAIL MATTER. 

Domestic mail matter is divided into four classes: 

Pirst Class— Letters, postal cards, and matter wholly or partly 
in writing, whether sealed or unsealed (except manuscript copy 
accompanying proof sheets or corrected proof sheets of the same) 
and all matter sealed or otherwise closed against Inspection. 
Rates of Postage — Two cents per ounce or fraction thereof. Postal 
cards, one cent each. On "drop" letters two cents per ounce or 
fraction thereof when mailed at the letter carrier's oflice and one 
cent per ounce or fraction thereof at other offices. 

Second Class — Newspapers and publications issued at stated 
intervals as often as four times a year, bearing a date of Issue 
and numbered consecutively, issued from a known oflice of publica- 
tion, and formed of printed sheets without board, cloth, leather or 
other substantial binding. Such publication must be originated 
and published for the dissemination of information of a public 
character, or devoted to literature, the sciences, art, or some 
special industry. They must have a legitimate list of subscribers 
and 4nust not be designed primarily for advertisng purposes^ or 
for fi'-culation fiee, or at nominal rates. Rate of Postage — Fof 
publishers and news agents, one cent a pound or fraction thereof. 
Por others than publishers and news agents, one cent for each 
four ounces or fraction thereof. , 

Third Class— Books, periodicals, and matter wholly in print (not 
included in second class), proof-sheets, corrected proof-sheets ani 
manuscript copy accompanying the same. Rate of Postage — On? 
cent for each two ounces or fraction thereof. 

Fcurttt Class— MerchandLse— namely, all matter not embraced in 
th" other three elapses and which ts not in the form or nature 
liable to destroy, deface or otherwise damage the contents of the 
mail bag, or harm the person or anyo_ne engaged in the postal 
service* and not above the weight provided by law. Rate of Post- 
age—One cent per ounce or fraction thereof, but on seeds, cuttings, 
roots, scions and plants one cent for each two ounces or fraction 
thereof. 

LIMIT OF WEIGHT— A package must not exceed four pounds 
in weight, unless it be a single book. Second class matter is not 
subject to the four pound limitation. 

PAYMENT OP POSTAGE]— On first-cla^ss matter the postage 
should be fully prepaid, but if two cents in stamps be affixed the 
matter will be forwarded and remainder due collected of ad- 
dressee before delivery. 

On second-class, third and fourth-class matter the postage must 
be fully prepaid. 

THE REGISTRY SYSTEM. 

All mail matter, including drop letters, may be registered, but 
not matter addressed to fictitious names, initials or box numbers, 
or" bearing vague or indefinite addresses. The registry fee la 



216 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



eight cents additional to postage. It must be prepaid by stamps 
affixed. 

The rates of postage to all foreign countries and colonies (ex< 
cept Canada and 3iexlco) are as follows: 

Letters, 15 grams (1-2 ounce) 5 cents 

Postal cards, each 2 cents 

Double postal cards, each 4 cer.ts 

Newspapers and other printed matter, per 2 ounces 1 cent 

Commercial papers- 
Packets not in excess of ten ounces .r..^. 5 cent& 

Packets in excess of 10 ounces, for each 2 ounces or frac. 1 cent 

Samples in Merchandise- 
Packets not in excess of four ounces 2 cents 

Packets in excess of four ounces, for each 2 ounces or 

fraction thereof 1 cent 

Heglstration fee on letters or other articles Scents 

Ordinary letters for any foreign country (except Canada and 
Mexico) must be forwarded whether any postage, is prepaid on 
them or not. All other mailable matter must Ife prepaid, at least, 
partially. 

CANADA AND MEXICO. 

Matter mailed in the United States addressed to Canada or Mex- 
ico is subject to the same postage rates and conditions as it would 
be if it were addressed for delivery in the United States. 

COST OF DOMESTIC MONEY ORDERS. 

On order not exceeding $2.50 $ 0.03 

Over $2.50 and not exceeding $5.00 .05 

Over $5 and not exceeding $10 .08 

Over $10 and not exceeding $20 .10 

Over $20 and not exceeding $30 .12 

Over $30 and not exceeding $40 .15 

Over $40 and not exceeding $50 .18 

Over ^ and not exceeding $60 .20 

Over $60 and not exceeding $75 .25 

Over $75 and not exceeding $100 .80 



MISCELLANEOUS TABLE OF THINGS, DIS- 
TANCES, BOOKS, ETC. 

A book composed of sheets folded into 2 leaves is a folio. 

A book composed of sheets folded into 4 leaves Is a quarto. 

A book composed of sheets folded into 8 leaves is an octavo 
(8vo.) 

A book composed of sheets folded into 12 leaves Is a duodecimo 
(12mo)! 

A book composed of sheets folded into 16 leaves is a 16mo. 

12 units make a dozen. ' 

12 dozen make a gross. 

12 gross (144 dozen) make 1 great gross. 

20 units make 1 score. 

56 pounds of butter make 1 firkin. 

100 pounds of fish make one quintal. 

196 pounds of flour make 1 barrel. 

200 pounds of beef, pork, shad or salmon make 1 barrel. 

24 sheets of paper make 1 quire. 

20 quires make 1 ream. 

2 reams make one bundle. 
5 bundles make 1 bale. 

3 barleycorns make one inch. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 217 

18 inches make 1 cubit. 
22 inches make 1 sacred cubit. 
9 gallons make one Enlgish firkin. 
2 firkins make 1 kilderkin. 

2 kilderkins make 1 barrel. 

25 pounds make 1 keg (POwder.) 

100 pounds make 1 cental (grain measure.) 

100 pounds make 1 cask (raisin measure). 

256 pounds make 1 barrel of soap. 

280 pounds make 1 barrel of salt. 

31 1-2 gallons make 1 barrel (wine measure.) 
42 gallons make 1 tierce (wine measure.) 

63 gallons make 1 hogshead (wine measure). 
^ gallons make 1 puncheon (wine measure). 
126 gallons make 1 pipe (wine measure). 
252 gallons make 1 tun (wine measure). 

8 bushels of wheat (of 70 lbs. each) make 1 quarter (European 
measure). 
8 bushels of salt make 1 hogshead. 
36 bushels of coal make 1 chaldron (English). 

32 bushels make 1 chaldron (American.) 
14 pounds make 1 stone. 

21 1-2 stones make 1 pig (iron). 

8 pigs make one fother. 

24 3-4 cubic feet (masonry) make 1 perch. 
100 square feet, (carpentry) make 1 square. 
1.760 yards (5,280 feet) make 1 statute mile. 
2,028.63 yards (6,085.9 feet) make 1 nautical mile. 

3 miles make 1 league. 

69 1-2 statute miles make 1 degree (of latitude). 
60 geographical miles make 1 degree (of latitude). 
360 degrees make one circle. 
60 pairs of shoes make 1 case. 

9 inches make 1 quarter (of a yard). 
3-4 inch makes 1 ell (Flemish.) 

6 quarters make 1 ell, (English). 
6 quarters make 1 ell (French). 

4 inches make 1 hand (measuring horses). 

6 feet make 1 fathom (depth of water). 
120 fathoms make 1 cable-length. 

7 1-3 cable-lengths make 1 mile. 
640 acres mak6 1 square mile. 

36 square miles make 1 township. 

4 farthings make 1 penny (marked d.) 
12 pence make 1 shilling (marked s). 

20 shillings make 1 pound (marked £.) 

21 shillings make 1 quinea. 

5 shillings make 1 crown. 



THE MILE IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES. 

The Irish mile is 2,240 yards. 

The Swiss mile is 9,153 yards. 

The Italian mile is 1,766 yards. 

The Scotch mile is 1,984 yards. 

The Tuscan mile is 1,808 yards. 

The Grerman mile is 8,106 yards. 

The Arabian mile is 2,143 yards. 

The Turkish mile is 1,826 yards. 

The Flemish mile is 6,869 yards. 

The Vienna post mile is 8,296 yards. 

The Roman mile Is 1,628 or 2,025 yards. 

The Werst mile is 1,167 or 1,337 yards. 

The Dutch and Prussian mile is 6,480 yards. 

The Swedish and Danish mile s 7.341.5 yards. 

The English and American mile is 1,760 yards. 






218 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT. 

(•Chief Justices.) 



Name 



Service 



Term 



Yrs. 



Bom 



Died 



•John Jay, N. Y 

John Rutledffp, S. C 

William Cushlng, (Mass 

James Wilson. Pa 

John Blair, Va 

Robert H. Harrison, Md 

James Iredell, N. C 

Tb'^mas Johnson. Md ». 

William Paterson, N. J 

•John Rutledge, S. C 

Samuel Chase, Md , 

Orver Ellsworth, Conn 

Bushrod Washington, Va ^.... 

Alfred Moore, N. C 

•John Marshall, Va 

William Johnson, S. C 

Brock Livingstone, N. Y 

Thomas Todd. Ky 

Joseph Story, Mass 

Gabriel Duval, Md 

Smith Thompson, N. Y 

Robert Trimble, Ky 

John McLean, Ohio 

Henry Baldwin, Pa 

James M. Wayne, Ga 

•Roger B. Taney, Md 

Philip P, Barbour, Va 

John Catron Tenn 

John McKinley, Ala 

Peter V. Daniels, Va 

Samuel Nelson, N. Y. 

Levi Woodbury, N. H 

Robert C. Grier, Pa 

Benjamin R. Curtis, Mass 

John A. Campbell, Ala 

Nathan Clifford, Me 

Noah H. Swayne, Ohio 

Samuel F. Miller, Iowa 

Drtvid Davis. Illinois 

Stephen J. Field, Cal 

•Salmon P. Chase, Ohio 

Willl-im Strong. Pa 

Joseph P. Bradley, N. J 

Ward Hunt, N. Y 

•Mrrrison R. Waite. Ohio 

John M. Harlan. Ky 

William B. Woods, Ga | 

Stanley Matthews, Ohio ! 

Horace Gr y, Mas-* I 

Samuel Blatchf ord, N. Y I 

Lucius Q. C. Lamar, Ml-s 

♦Mehlle W. Fuller. Illinois 

David J. Brewer, Kansas 

Henry B. Brown, Michigan 



1789-1795 

1789-1791 

1789-1810 

1780-1798 

17^9-17 6 

1789-1793 

1790-1799 

1791-1793 

1793-1806 

1795-1795 

1716 1^11 

1796-1800 

1798-1S29 

17S9-18H 

1801-1835 

1804-1834 

1806-1823 

1807-1826 

1811-18 5 

1811-1836 

1823-1843 

18 6-1828 

1S29-1861 

1S30-1844 

1835-1867 

1836-1864 

1836-1841 

1837-r65 

1837-1852 

1841-1S6J 

1845-1872 

1845-1851 

1846-1870 

1851-1S57 

1853-1861 

1858-1881 

1861-1881 

1862-1890 

1862-1877 

1863-1S97 

1864-1873 

1870-1880 

1870-1892 

1872-1S82 

1874-1 J 8S 

1877- 

1880-1887 

1881-1S81 

] 8^1-1902 

1882-18i'3 

1888-1893 

1888-..,. 

18S9-.... 

lo9v— .... 



6 

2 
21 

9 

7 

1 

9 

2 
13 

15 

5 
31 

5 
34 
30 
17 
19 
3i 

25 
20 

2 

32 
16 
32 
28 

5 
2S 
15 
19 
27 

6 
23 I 

6 I 

23 I 
20 I 
28 I 
15 I 
34 1 
9 I 
10 I 
22 I 
10 I 
11 



I 7 I 
I 8 



11 

I 5 



I.... I 



1745 

1739 

1733 

1742 

1732 

1745 

1751 

1732 

1745 

1739 

1741 

1745 

1762 

1755 

1755 

1771 

1757 

1765 

1779 

1752 

1767 

1777 

1785 

1779 

1790 

1777 

1783 

1786 

1780 

1785 

1792 

1789 

1794 

1800 

1811 

1803 

1804 

1816 

1815 

1816 

1808 ! 

1808 

1813 

1811 

1816 

1S83 

1824 [ 

1^24 I 

1828 

1820 

1825 

1833 

1537 

1836 



1829 

1800* 

1810 

1798- 

180) 

17£a 

179) 

1819- 

1806 

IffOO 

1811 

1807 

1829- 

1810 

1835 

1834 

1823 

1826 

1845 

1844 

1843: 

1828 

1861 

1844 

1867 

1864^ 

1841 

lS6j 

1852 

1860 

1873 

1851 

1870 

1874 

1889 

1881 

1884 

1890 

1885 

1899 

1873 

1895^ 

18«2 

1885- 

188S 

1887 
ISS'i 
1902: 
1893 
18 3: 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



219 



JUSTICES OF THB SUPREME COURT-Continued. 



Name 


Service 


Bom 


Died 


Term 


Yre. 


Georire Shims, jr.. Pa 


1892- 

1893-1895 

Xo«74— .... 

1815-.. .. 
1898-.... 
1902-.... 


• • • • 

2 

• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 
■ • • * 


1832 
18d^ 
1845 
1838 
1843 
1841 




Howell E. Jackson. Tenn 


1895 


Edward D White. La 




Rufus W. Peckham. N. Y 




Joseoh McKenna. Cal 




Oliver Wendell Holmes, Mass 





UNITED STATES CABINET OFFICERS. 

(State ajid Date of Appointment,) 
SECRETARIES OF STATE. 



Thomas Jefferson, Virginia 

Edmund Randolph, Virginia 

Timothy Pickering, Massachusetts 

Timothy Pickering, Massachusetts 

John Marshall, Virginia 

James Madison, Virginia 

Robert Smith, Maryand 

James Monroe, Virginia 

John Quincy Adams. Massachusetts 

Henry Clay, Kentucky 

Martin Van Buren, New York 

Edwaid lisingstoT^e. Louisiana 

Louis McLane, Delaware 

John Forsyth, Greorgia 

John Forsyth, Georgia 

Daniel Webster, Massachusetts 

Daniel Webster, Massachusetts 

Hugh S. Legare South Carolina 

Abel P. Upshur, Virginia 

John C. Calhoun, South Carolina 

James Buchanan, Pennsylvania 

John M. Clayton, Delaware 

Daniel Webster, Massachusetts 

Edward Everett, Massachusetts 

William L. Marcy, New York 

Lewis Cass, Michigan 

Jeremiah S. Black, Pennsylvania 

William H. Seward, New York 

William H. Seward, New York 

Ellhu B. Washburn, Illinois 

Hamilton Fish, New York 

William M. Evarts, New York * 

James G. Blaine, Maine 

F. T. Frelinghuysen, New Jersey 

Thomas F. Bayard, Delaware 

James G. Blaine, Maine 

John W. Foster, Indiana 

Walter Q. Gresham, Illinois 

Richard Olney, Massachusetts , 

John Sherman, Ohio 

Wiliiam R. Day. Ohio 

John Hay, Indiana 



1789 
1794 
1795 
1797 
1800 
1801 
1809 
1811 
1S17 
1825 
1829 
1881 
1833 
1834 
1837 
1841 
1841 
1843 
1843 
1844 
1845 
1849 
1850 
1852 
1853 
1857 
1860 
1861 
1865 
18<9 
1869 
1877 
1881 
1881 
1885 
1889 
1892 
1893 
1895 
1897 
189S 
1898 



220 



liEX^ISLATIVB MANUAL 



UNITED STATES CABINET OFFICEBS-Ck>iitinned. 
SECRETARIES OF THE NAVY. 



George Cabot, Massachusetts 

Benjamin Stoddert, Maryland 

Benjamin Stoddert Maryland 

Robert Smith, Maryland 

Jacob Crowninshield, Massachusetts . . . 

Paul Hamilton, South Carolina 

Wilson Jones, Pennsylvania 

H. W. Crown'nshied. Massachusetts .. 
H. W. Crownlnshield, Massachusetts . 

Smith Thompson, New York 

Samuel L. Southard, New Jersey 

Samuel L. Southard, New Jersey 

John Branch, North Carolina 

Levi Woodbury, New Hampshire 

Mah'on Dlckerson, New Jersey 

Mahlon Dlckerson, New Jersey 

James K. Paulding, New York 

Creorge E. Badger, North Carolina 

Greorge E. Badger, North Carolina 

Abel P. Upshur, Virginia 

X>avid Henshaw, Massachusetts, 

Thomas W. Gilmer, Virginia 

John Y. Mason, Virginia 

George Bancroft, Massachusetts 

John Y. Mason, Virginia 

William B. Preston, Virg na 

William A. Graham, North Carolina .. 

John P. Kennedy, Maryland 

James C. Dobbin, North Carolina . . . 

Isaac Toucey, Connecticut 

Gideon Wells, Connecticut 

Gideon Welles. Connecticut 

Adolph E. Borie, Pennsylvania 

George M. Robeson, New Jersey 

Richard W. Thompson, Indiana 

Nathan Goff, Jr., West Virginia 

William H. Hunt, Louisiana 

William E. Chandler, New Hampshire 

William C. Whitney, New York 

Benjamin F. Tracy, New York 

Hilary A. Herbert Alabama 

John D. Long, Massachusetts 

William H. Moody, Massachusetts . . . . 



179S 
1798 
1801 
1801 
1805 
1809 
1813 
1814 
1817 
1818 
1823 
1825 
1829 
1831 
1834 
1837 
1838 
1841 
1841 
1841 
1843 
1844 
1844 
1845 
1846 
1849 
1850 
1852 
1853 
1857 
1861 
1865 
1869 
1869 
1877 
1881 
1881 
1882 
1885 
1889 
1893 
1897 
1902 



•POSTMASTERS GENERAL. 



Samuel Osgood, Massachusetts .. 
Timothy Pickering, Massachusetts 
Joseph Habersham, Georgia . . . . . 
Joseph Habersham, Georgia .... 

Joseph Habersham, Georgia 

Gideon Granger, Connecticut .... 
Gideon Granger, Connecticut . . . . , 

Return J. Meigs, jr., 

Return J. Meigs, jr., 

John McLean, Ohio 

John McLean, Ohio 

William T. Barry, Kentucky ... 



1789 
1791 
1795 
1797 
1801 
1801 
1809 
1814 
1817 
1823 
1825 
1829 



•The Postmaster General was not considered a cabinet officer 
until 1829. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



221 



UNITED STATES CABINET OFFICERS— POSTMASTERS GENERAL. 

—Continued. 



Amos Kendall, Kentucky 

Amos Kendall, Kentucky 

John M. NUes, Connecticut 

Francis Granger, New York 

Francis Granger, New York .....' 
Charles A. Wicklifle, Kentucky . . 

Cave Johnson, Tennessee 

Jacob CoUamer, Vermont 

Nathan K. Hall New York : . 

Samuel D. Hubbard 

James Campbell, Pennsylvania . . 

Aaron V. Brown, Tennessee 

Joseph Holt, Kentucky 

Horatio King, Maine 

Montgomery Blair, MaTyland . . . 

William Dennison, Ohio 

William Dennison, Ohio 

Alex. W. Randall, Wisconsin. 

John A. J. Cresswell, Maryland . 

James W. Marshall, Virginia 

Marshall Jewell, Connecticut 

James N. Tyner, Indiana 

David McK. Key, Tennessee 

Horace* Maynard, Tennessee 

Thomas L. James, New York .... 

Timothy O. Howe, Wisconsin 

Walter Q. Gresham, Indiana 

Frank Hatton, Iowa 

William F. Vilas, Wisconsin 

Don M. Dickinson, Michigan 

John Wanamaker, Pennsylvania 

Wilson S. Bissel, New York 

William L. Wi'son ,West Virginia 

James A. Gary, Maryland 

Chas. Emery Smith, Pennsylvania 
Henry C. Payne, Wisconsin 



1835. 

1837 

1840- 

1841 

1841 

1841 

1845- 

1849 

1850 

1852 

1853: 

1857 

ISS^ 

1861 

1861 

1864 

1865. 

1866 

1869 

1874 

1874; 

1876; 

1877 

1880 

1881 

1881 

1883^: 

1884 

1885; 

1888 

1889 

1893 

1895 

1897 

1898 

1902-: 



SECRETARIES OF THE TREASURY. 



Alexander Hamilton, New York .. 

Oliver Wolcott, Connecticut 

Oliver Wolcott, Connecticut, 

Samuel Dexter, Massachusetts ... 

Samuel Dexter, Massachusetts 

Albert Gallatin 

Albert Gallatin 

Albert Gallatin 

George W. Campbell, Tennessee . 
Alexander J. Dallas Pennsylvania 
William H. Crawford, Georgia . , 
William H. Crawford, Georgia ... 

Richard Rush, Pennsylvania 

Samuel D. Ingham, Pennsylvania 

Lfouis McLane, Delaware 

William J. Duane, Pennsylvania . . 

Roger B. Taney, Maryland 

Levi Woodbury New Hampshire 
Levi Woodbury, New Hampshire . 

Thomas Swing, Ohio 

Thomas Ewing, Ohio 

Waiter Forward, Pennsylvania . . 



1789 

1795 

1797 

180L 

1801 

1801 

1805^ 

1809 

1814 

1814 

1816' 

1817 

1825 

1829 

1831 

1833 

1833^ 

1834 

1837- 

1841 

1841 

1841: 



222 



LEX5ISLATIVE MANUAL. 



UNITED STATES CABINET OFFICEBS-SECRBTAfilES OF THE 

TBEASURY-OmiinBed. 



JOiin C. Spencer, New York 

George M. Bibb, Kentucky 

Robert J. Walker. Mississippi 

William M. Meredith, Pennsylvania .. 

Thomas Corwln, Ohio 

James Oathrie, Kentucky 

Howell Cobb, Georgia 

Philip F. Thomas. Maryland 

John A. Dix, New York 

Salmon P. Chase, Ohio 

William P. Fessenden. Maine 

Hugh McCulloch, Indiana 

Hugh McCulloch. Indiana 

George S. Bout well. Massachusetts ... 
William A. Rienardson, Massachusetts 
Benjamin F. Bristow, Kentucky ... 

Lot M. Morrill, Maine 

John Sherman. Ohio 

William Windom, Minnesota 

Charles J. Foleer. New York 

Waiter Q. Gresham. Indiana 

Hugh McCuroch, Indiana 

Daniel Manning, New York 

Charles S. Fairchild, New York 

Willnm Windom, Minnesota 

Charles Foster, Ohio 

John G. Carlisle, Kentucky 

Lyman J. Gage, Illinois 

Leslie M. Shaw. Iowa ...'. 



1843 
1S44 
1S45 
1849 
1850 
1853 
1857 
1860 
1861 
1861 
1864 
1865 
1S65 
1869 
1873 
1874 
1876 
1877 
1881 
1881 
1884 
1884 
1885 
1887 
1889 
1891 
1893 
1897 
1902 



SECRETARIES OF WAR. 



Henry Knox, Massachusetts 

Timothy Picker'ng. Massachusetts 

James McHenry, Maryland 

James McHenry, Maryland 

John Marshall, Virginia 

Samuel Dexter, Massachusetts . . 

Roger Griswold, Connecticut 

Henry Dearborn, Massachusetts. . 
Willalm Eustis, Massachusetts . . 

John Armstrong, New York 

James Monroe. Virginia 

William H. .Crawford. Georgia . 

Isaac Shelby, Kentucky 

Geo. Graham, (ad. In.) Virginia 
John C. Calhoun. South Carolina . 

James Barbour, Virginia 

Peter B. Porter, New York 

John H. Eaton. Tennessee 

Lewis Cass, Ohio 

Benjamin F. Butler, New York . 
Joel R. Poinsett, South Carolina .. 

-John Bell, Tennessee 

John Bell, Tennessee 

John McLean, Ohio 

John C. Spencer, New York 

James M. Porter, Pennsylvania . 

William Wilkins. Pennsylvanai ... 

William L. Marcy. New York . . . . 

-George W. Crawford, Georgia . , 



1789 
1795 
1796 
1797 
1800 
1800 
1801 
1801 
1809 
1813 
1814 
1815 
1817 
1817 
1817 
1825 
1828 
1829 
1831 
1837 
1837 
1841 
1841 
1841 
1841 
1843 
1844 
1845 
1849 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



223 



UNITED STATES CABINET OFFICEBS-SECBETARIES OP WAR- 

Continued. 



JSdward Bates, Missouri 

Cliarles M. Conrad, Louisiana 

Jefferson Davis, Mississippi 

John B. Floyd, Virginia 

Joseph Holt, Kentucky 

Simon Cameron, Penn9vlyania 

Edwin M. Stanton, Ohio 

Edwin M. Stanton. Ohio 

U. S. Grant (ad. in.), Illinois 

Lor. Thomas (ad. in.) 

John M Schofleld, New York 

John A Rawlins, I Inols 

William T. Sherman, Ohio 

Willam T. Belknap, Iowa 

Alphonso Taft, Ohio 

James Don Cameron, Pennsylvania 

George W. McCrary, Iowa 

Alexander Ramsey, Minnesota 

Robert T. Lincoln, Illinois 

Robert T. Lincoln, Illinois 

William C. Endicott, Massachusetts 

Redfield Proctor, Vermont 

Stephen B. Elkins, "West Virginia 

Daniel S. Lamont, New York 

R. A. Alger, Michigan 

Elihu Root, New York 



1850 
1850 
1853 
1857 
1861 
1861 
1862 
1865 
1867 
1868 
1868 
1S69 
1869 
1869 
1876 
1876 
1877 
1879 
1881 
1881 
1885 
1889 
1891 
1893 
1897 
1899 



SECRETARIES OF THE INTERIOR. 



Thomas Ewing, Ohio 

James A. Pearce, Maryland 

Thos. M. T. Kernon, Pennsylvania . 

Alex. H. H. Stewart, Virginia 

Robert McClelland, Michigan 

Jacob Thompson, Mississippi 

Caleb B. Smith, Indiana 

John P. Usher, Indiana 

John P. Usher, Indiana 

James Harlan, Iowa 

Orville H. Browning, Illinois 

Jacob D. Cox, Ohio 

Columbus Delano Ohio j> 

Zachariah Chandler, Michigan 

Carl Schurz, Missouri 

Samuel J. Kirkwood, Iowa 

Henry M. Teller, Colorado 

Lucius Q. C. Lamar, Mississippi 

William F. Vilas. Wisconsin 

John W. Noble, Missouri 

Hoke Smith, (Jeorgla 

Cornelius N. Bliss, New York 

Ethan A. Hitchcock, Missouri 



1849 
1850 
1850 
1850 
1853 
1857 
1861 
1863 
1865 
1865 
1866 
1869 
1870 
1875 
1877 
1881 
1882 
1885 
1888 
1889 
1893 
1897 
1898 



SECRETARIES OF AGRICULTURE. 



Norman J. Coleman. Missouri 
Jeremiah M. Rusk, Wisconsin 
J. Sterllnsr Morton. Nebraska 
James Wilson. Iowa 



1889 
1889 
1893 
1897 



224 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



UNITED STATES CABINET OPFICERS-Continued. 
ATTORNEYS-GENERAL. 



Edmund Randolph, Virginia 

Edmund Randolph, Virginia 

William Bradford, Pennsylvania 

Charles Lee, Virginia 

Charles Lee, Virginia 

Theophilus Parsons, Massachusetts 

Levi Lincoln, Massachusetts 

Robert Smith, Maryland 

John Breckinridge, Kentucky 

Caesar A. Rodney, Delaware 

Caesar A. Rodney, Delaware 

William Pinckney, Maryland 

William Pinckney, Maryland 

Richard Rush, Pennsylvania 

Bichard Rush, Pennsylvania 

William Wirt, Virginia 

William Wirt. Virginia 

John McP. Berrien, Greorgia 

Roger B. Taney, Maryland 

Benjamin F. Butler, New York 

Benjamin F. Butler, New York 

Felix Grundy, Tennessee 

Henry D. Gilpin 

John J. Crittenden, Kentucky 

John J. Crittenden, Kentucky 

Hugh S. Legare, South Carolina 

John Nelson, Maryland 

John Y. Mason. Virginia 

Nathan Clifford Maine 

Isaac Toucey, Connecticut 

Reverdy Johnson, Maryland 

John J. Crittenden, Kentucky 

Caleb Cushing". Massachusetts 

Jeremiah S, Black, Pennsylvania 

Edwin M. Stanton. Ohio 

Edward Bates Missouri 

Tit'an J. Coffey. Pennsylvania (ad. in.) 

James Speed, Kentucky , 

James Speed, Kentucky 

Henry Stanbery. Ohio 

William M. Evarts, New York 

Ebenezer R. Hoar, Massachusetts 

Amos T. Ackerman, Georgia 

George H. Williams, Oregon 

Edwards Pierrepont, New York 

Alhponso Taf t, Ohio 

Charles Devens, Massachusetts 

Wayne MacVeagh, Pennsylvania 

Benjam'n H. Brewster, Pennsylvania . . 

Augustus H. Garland, Arkansas 

William H. H. Miller, Indiana 

Richard Oiney, Massachusetts 

Judson Harmon, Ohio 

Joseph McKenna, California 

John Wm. Griggs, New Jersey 

Ph'lander C. Knox, Pennsylvania 



1789 

1793 

1794 

1795 

1797 

1801 

1801 

1805 

1805 

1807 

1809 

1811 

WS 

1814 

1817 

1817 

1825 

1829 

1831 

1833 

1837 

183S 

1840 

1841 

1841 

1841 

1843 

1845 

1846 

1848 

1849 

1850 

1853 

1857 

1860 

1861 

1863 

1864 

1865 

1866 

1868 

1869 

1870 

1871 

1875 

1876 

1877 

1881- 

1881 

1885 

1889 

1893 

1895 

1897 

1898 

1901 



Note. — Since the foundation of the government, the individual 
states have been represented the following number of times in 
cabinet poslt'ons; Massachusetts, 29; New York, 28; Pennsyl-* 
vania, 25; Virginia, 22; Ohio, 19; Kentucky 15; Connecticut, 9; 



\ 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 225 

Indiana 9; Georgia, 8; Tennessee, 8; Illinois, 6; Maine, 6; South 
Carolina, 6; Delaware, 5; Missouri. 5; Wisconsin, 6; Iowa, 5; 
Michigan, 4; Ml sissippi. 4, New Jersey 4, North Carolina, 4; 
Liouisiana, 3; Minnesota 3; New Hampshire, 3; West Virginia, 3; 
Vermont, 2; Alabama, 1; Arkansas, 1; Colorado, 1; Nebraska, 1; 
Oregon, 1; California, 1. The states which have not been rep- 
resented in the cabinet are: Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, 
Nevada, North Dakota, Rhode Island. South Dakota, Texas, 
Washington, Wyoming. 



THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. 



STATE DEPARTMENT. 

Assistant Secretary— Francis B. Loomls | 4,500 

Second Ass't. Secretary— A. A. Adee, D. C 4.500 

Third Ass't Secretary — Herbert D. Pierce, Mass 4,500 

Chief Clerk— Wm. H. Michael, Neb 3,000 

Ch. Diplomatic Bureau— Sdiney Y. Smith 2,100 

Ch. Consular Bureau— Wilbur J. Carr, N. Y 2,100 

Ch. Indexes and Archives — Pendleton King, N. C 2,100 

Ch. Bureau Accounts— Thos. Morrison, N. Y 2,100 

Ch. Bureau Rolls & Library —A. H. Allen, N. C 2,100 

Ch. Bureau of Foreign Commerce— Frederic Emory, Md... 2,100 

Ch Bureau Appointments— R. B. Mosher, Ky 2,100 

Solicitor— Wm. L. Penfleld, Ind 3,500 

TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 

Assistant Secretary— Oliver L. Spaulding, Mich 4,5C0= 

Assistant Secretary — Horace A. Taylor, Wis 4,500 

Assistant Secretary— Milton E. Alles, Ohio 4,500 

Chief Clerk— Wallace H. Hills, 3,000 

Chief Appointment Dlv.— Chas. Lyman, Ct 2,750 

Ch. Bookkeeping Div,— W .F. MacLennan, N. Y 3,50a 

Chief Public Moneys Dlv.— E. B. Daskam, Ct 2,500 

Chief Customs Division— John R. Garrison, 2,750 

Ch. Loans and Cur. Dlv.— A. T. Huntington, Mass 2,500 

Ch. Stationery and Ptg. Dlv.— G. Simmons, D. C 2,500 

Chief Malls and Files Dlv.— S. M. Gaines, Ky 2,500 

Chief Miscellaneous Dlv.— Lewis Jordan, Ind 2,500 

Supt. Ins.-Gen. Steam Ves.— J. A. Dumont, N. Y 3,504 

Director of Mint— Greo. E. Roberts, Iowa ; 4,500 

Government Actuary — Joseph S. McCoy, N. J ; 1,800 

Ch. Bureau Statistics— Oscar P. Austin, D. C 3,500 

Supt. Life-Saving Service— S. I. Kimball, Me 4,000 

Naval Sec'y. Light House Board— Chas. T. Hutchlns 5,000 

Super. Surgeon-Gen.— Walter Wyman, Mo 5,000 

Director Bur. Eng. and Printing— W. M. Meredith, 111 ... 4,500 

Supervising Architect— James K. Taylor, Pa 4,500 

Supt. Coast Survey — Otto H. Tittmen, Mo ^,. 5.000 

Com. of Navigation— E. T. Chamberlain, N. Y 3^600 

Comp. of Treasury— Robt. J. Tracewell, Ind 5,B0O 

Ass't. Comp. of Treasury— Leander P. Mitchell, Ind 4,500 

Auditor for Treasury— Wm. E. Andrews, Neb 4,000 

Auditor for War Department- F. E. Rittman 4,000 

Auditor for Int. Dept. — R. A. Person, South Dakota 4,000 

Auditor for Navy Dept.— W. W. Brown, Pa 4,000 

Auditor for State, etc. — ^Ernest G. Timme, Wis 4,000 

Auditor ior P. O. Dept— Henry A. Castle, Minn 4,000 

Treasurer of U. S.— Ellis H. Roberts, N. Y... 6,000 



226 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



FEDERAL GOVERNMENT-TREASURY DEPARTMENT-Continued. 

Assistant Treasurer — Jamea F Meline, Ohio 3,600 

Register Treasury— Judson W. Lyons, Ga 4»000 

Deputy Register— Cyrus F. Adams 2,250 

Comp'r of Currency— Wm. B. Ridgley, 111 5,000 

Commls, Internal Rev. — John W. Yerkes 6,000 

Dep. Com Internal Revenue — B,, Williams, jr.. La 4.000 

Dep. Com. Internal Rev.^J. C. Wheeler, Mich 3,600 

Solocltor Internal Rev.— Geo. M. Thomas 4,500 

Solicitor of Treasury— M. D. O'Connell, Iowa 4,500 

Chief Secret Service— Jno. E. Wllkle, 111 4,000 

Supt. Immigration— F. P. Sargent 4,000 

Director of Bureau of Standards— Samuel W. Stratton, 111. . 5,000 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 

Assistant Secretary— William Cary Sanger, N. Y 4,500 

Chief Clerk— John C. Scofleld, Ga 3,000 

Disbursing Clerk — Sydney E. Smith 2,000 

Adjutant-(5eneral— MaJ.-Oen. H. C. Corbin 7,500 

Chief Clerk- R. P. Thlan, N. Y 2,000 

Comm'ssary-General— Brig.-Gen. J. F. Weston 6,600 

Chief Clerk — ^Emmett Hamilton 2,000 

Surgeon-General— Brig-<Gen. Robt. M. O'Reilly 5,500 

Chief Clerk— George A. Jones, N. Y 2,000 

Judge Advocate-Gteneral— Brig.-Gen. Geo. B. Davis 5,500 

Chief Clerk— L. W. Call, Kan 2,000 

Insp.-Gten. — ^Brig.-Gen. J. C. Breckinridge, Ky 5,500 

Chief Clerk— Otis B. Goodall 1,400 

Quartermaster General— Brig.-Gen. M. I. Luddington 6,600 

Chief Clerk— Henry D. Saxton, Mass 2,000 

Paymaster-Gen. — ^Brig.-Gen. Alfred E. Bates 5,500 

Chief Clerk— Thomas M. fbdey, Massachusetts 2,000 

Ch. of Engineers— Brig.-Gen. G. L. Gillespie 5,500 

Chief Clerk— P. J. Dempsey, Va 2,000 

Officer Charge Pub. Bldgs— T. A. Bingham 4,500 

Chief Clerk— E. F. Concklin, N. Y 2.400 

Lanscape Gardner— George H. Brown, D. C 2,000 

Chief of Ordnance— Brig-Gen. William Crozler 5,500 

Chief Clerk— John J. Cook, D. C 2,000 

Chief Signal Officer— Brig.-Gten. A. W. Greeley 5,500 

Chief Clerk— George A. Warren 2,000 

Ch. Rec. and Pen. Office — ^Brig.-Gen. F. C. Ainsworth 6,500 

Commission to the Philippine Islands— William H Taft, 
Dean C. Worcester, Luke B. Wright, Henry C. Ide, 
James F. Smith, Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera, Benito Legarda, 
and Jose Luzurlaga. 

NAVY DEPARTMENT. 

Assistant Secretary— Chas. H. Darling, Vermont 4,500 

Chief Clerk— Benjamin F. Peters. Pa 2,500 

•Chief Yards & Docks— Civil Engineer M. T. Endlcott... 6,600 

•Chief Ordlnance-Capt. Chas. O'Neil 6,500 

•Chief Supplies and Accounts— Paymaster-Gen. Albert- S. 

Kenny , 5.500 

♦Chief Medicine— Surg.-Gten. P. M. Rlxey 6,600 

•Chief Equipment— Capt. R. B. Bradford 6,500 

•Chief Constructor— EVancis T. Bowles 6,600 

•Chief Navigation— H. C. Taylor 6,600 

•Englneer-in-Chlef— George W. Melville 6,600 

Inspector Pay Corps— F. C. Cosby 4,400 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 227 



FEDBBAL GOVEENMENT-NAVY DEPABTMENT-GonUnned. 

Judge Adv.-Gten— Capt. S. C. Lemly 3,50ft 

Pres. Nav. Bxam. Board — ^Rear Admiral John C. Watson 6,376 

Pres. Naval Retir. Board— Rear Admiral John C. Watson 6,375 

Ch. Intelligence Office— Gapt. C. D. Sigsbee 2,975 

Supt. Naval Obs.— Capt. C. M. Chester ." 2,975 

Director Nautical Aim.— Prof . Walter S Harshman 4,200 

Hydrographer— Commander W. H. H. Southerland 2,550 

Marine Corpsr— Brig. -Gen. Chas. Hey wood 5,500 

*Rank of Rear-Admiral while holding said office. 

POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT. 

Chief aerk— Blain W. Taylor, W. Va 2,500 

First Assistant P. M. Q,— Robert J. Wynne, Pa 4,000 

Second Assistant P. M. €L— W. S. Shallenberger, Pa 4,000 

Third Assistant P. M. G.— E. C. Madden, Mich 4,000 

Fourth Assistant P. M. G.^J. L. Bristow, Kan 4,000 

Gen. Supt. Railway M. S.— Jas. E. White. Ill 3,500 

Appointment Clerk— William S Nicholson. 1,800 

Supt. Foreign Mails— N. M. Brooks, Va 3,000 

Supt. Money Order-^ames T. Metcalf, Iowa 3,000 

Supt. Dead-Letter Office— D. B. Liebhardt, Ind 2.500 

Chief P. O. Inspector— James B. Cook, Md ^, 3,000 

Supt. and Disbursing Clerk— R. B. Merchant, Va 2,100 

INTERIOR DEPARTMENT. 

First Assistant Secretary— Thomas Ryan, Kan 6,000 

Assistant Secretary— Melville W. Miller 4,000 

Chief Clerk— Edward M. Dawson, Md 3,000 

Ass't Atty .-Gen.— Frank M. Campbell, D. C 5,000 

Commissioner Land Office— Wm. A. Richards, Wyo 5,000 

Assistant Commissioner— John H. Flmple 8,500 

Commssloner Pensions — ^E. F. Ware, Kansas 5,U0O 

First Deputy Com. of Pensions— Jas. L. Davenport, N. H. . . 3,600 

Second Deputy Com. of Pensions— Leverett M. Kelly, 111. 3,600 

Commissioner Educationr-William T. Harris, Mass 3,500 

Com. Indian Affairs — ^Wm. A. Jones, Wis 5,000 

Ass't Commissioner— A. Clarke Tonner, Ohio 3,000 

Commissioner Patents— Frederick I. Allen 5,000 

As8*t Commissioner— ^ward B. Moore, Mich 3,000 

Commissioner Railroads— James Longstreet, Ga 4,500 

Director Geological Survey— Chas. D. Walcott, N. Y....... 6,000 

Chief Clerk Geol. Survey — H. C. Rlzer, Kan 2,250 

Director Census—William R Merriam, Minn 7,500 

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE. 

Solicitor-General— Henry M. Hoyt I 7,000 

Assistant Attorney General— James M. Beck, Pa 5,000 

Assistant Attorney-Gteneral-John G. Thompson, Illinois .. 5,000 

Assistant Attorney-<3eneral— Wm. A. Day 6,000 

Assistant Attorney-General— Louis A. Pradt, Wis 6,000 

Assistant Attorney-General— Wm. E. Fuller 6,000 

Assistant Attorney-General Interior Department— Frank 

L. Campbell 6.000 

Assistant Attorney-General Postoffice Dept. — James M. 

Tyner, Indiana 4,500 

Chief Clerk— Cecil Clay, W. Va 2,750 

Law Clerk— A. J. Bentley, Ohio 2,750 

General Agent— Frank Strong, Ark « 4,000 

Appointment Clerk— Orln J. Field 1,800 

Attorney for Pardons— Jas. S. Easby-Smith, Ala 2,400 

Disbursing Clerk— Alexander P. Caine 2,300 



228 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



FEDERAL GOVERNMENT— Continued. 



1 



DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. , 

As^^istant Secretary— Joseph H. Brigham, Ohio $ J.BOO- 

Private Secretary to the Secretary— Jasper Wilson 2.500 

Chief Clerk— Andrew Geddea, Iowa 2,500 

Appointment Clerk— Joseph B. Bennett, Wis 2,000 

Chief Weather Bureau— Willis L. Moore, Ohio ^(m 

Chief Bureau Animal Industry— D. E. Salmon, N. C 4,000^ 

Director Experimental Stations— A. C. True, Conn 3,000 

Chtef D»v. -Publications— Gteo. Wm. Hlljl, Minn 2,500 

Chief Div. Accounts— F. L. Evans, Pa 2,500 

Chief Division Soils— Milton Whitney, Md 3,000 

Agrostologlst— William J. Spillman 2,500 

Cheif Division Vegetable Physiology and Pathology — ^Al- 
bert F. Woods, Neb 2,50a 

Statistician-John Hyde, Neb 3,000 

Chief Division Forestry— Gifford Pinchot, N. Y 3,000 

Entomologist— L. O. Howard, N. Y 2,500 

Chemist— H. W. Wiley, Ind V 3,000- 

Chief D'v. Bological Survey— C. H. Merrlam, N. Y 2.50.> 

Botanist Frederick V- CovUle, N Y *... 2,500 

Pomologist— Gustavus B. Brackett, Iowa 2,500 

Special Agent Road Inquiries — M. Dodge, Ohio 2,500 

Librarian— Josephine E. Clark 1,800 

Chief of Supply Division— F. M. Cleaver 2,000 

Chief of Division of Seeds— R. J, Whittleton, lUinois ... 2.000* 

Chief Bureau Plant Industry— B, T. Galloway, Mo 3,000^ 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

Civil Service Commissioner— John R. Proctor, Ky $ 3,500 

Civil Servicel Commssloner— William D. Foulke, Ind 3,500^ 

Chief Examiner Civil Service— A. R. Serven 3,000 

Secretary Civil Service — John T. Doyle, N. Y 2,000 

Commissioner of Labor— C. D. Wright, Mass 5,000 

Chief Clerk Lalior- G. W. W. Hanger 2,500 

Government Printer— Frank M. Palmer. Illinois ;.. 4,500 

Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries— G. M. Bowers 5,000- 

Librarian of Congress— Herbert Putnam, Mass 6,000- 

Director Bureau of American Republics — ^William W. 

Rockhill, D. C 5,000- 

Chief Clerk Bureau of American Republics— William C. 

Fox. N. Y. 2,000' 

Secretary Smithsonian Institution— S. P. Langley, D. C. .. 
Chief Bureau American Ethnology — ^W H. Holmes 

INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION. 

Martin A. Knapp, N. Y., Chairman.... $ 7,500 

Judson C. Clements, Ga 7,500- 

James D. Yeomans, Iowa 7,500 

Charles A. Prouty, Vt 7,500 

Joseph W. Fifer, Illinois 7,500 

Edward A. Mosely, Mass., Secretary 3,500* 

Martin S. Decker, N. Y., Assistant Secretary " 3,000^ 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 229 



THE JUDICIAllY. 

SUPREME COURT OP THE UNITED STATES. 

Chief Justice of the United States— Melville W. Fuller, of Illinois, 

Born 1833, Appointed 1888. 

Associate Justice-John M. Harlan, Ky 1833 1877 

Associate Justice — Oliver Wendell Holmes, Mass 1841 1902 

Associate Justice— David J. Brewer, Kansas 1837 1889 

Associate Justice— Henry B. Brown, Mich 1836 1890 

Associate Justice— William R. Day, 

Associate Justice— Edward D. White, La 1845 1894 

Associate Justice— Ruf us W. Feckham, N. Y 1838 1895 

Associate Justice— Joseph McKenna, Cal 1843 1898 

Reporter — Charles Henry Butler. Clerk— J. H. McKenney, D. 
C. Marshal — John M. Wright, Ky. 

The salary of the Chief Justice of the United States is $10,500. 
Associate Justices, $10,000 each; of the Reporter, $4,500; Marshal, 
^,500; Clerk of the Supreme Court, $6,000. 

CIRCUIT COURTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 

1. Le Baron B. Colt, Rhode Island. 
William Li. Putnam, Maine. 

2. William J. Wallace, Albany, N. Y. 
E. Henry La Combe, New York. 
William K. Townsend, Connecticut. 
Alfred C. Coxe, New York. 

3. Marcus W. Acheson, Pennsylvania. 
George M. Dallas, Pennsylvania. 
George Gray, Delaware. 

4. Nathan Goff, West Virginia. 
Charles H. Simonton. South Carolina. 

5. Don A. Pardee, Louisiana. 
Andrew P. McCormlck, Texas. 
David D. Shelby, Alabama. 

6. Henry F. Severens, Michigan. 
Horace H. Lurton, Tennessee. 
John K. Richards, Ohio. 

7. James G. Jenkins, Wisconsin. 
Peter S. Grosscup, Illinois. 
Francis E. Baker, Indiana. 

S. Henry C. Caldwell, Arkansas. 

Walter H. Sanborn, Minnesota. 

Amos M. Thayer, Missouri. 
^. William B. Gilbert, Oregon. 

Ersklne M. Ross, California. 

William W. Morrow, California. 

Salaries, $6,000 each. The judges of each circuit and the justice 
of the Supreme court for the circuit constitute a Circuit Court of 
Appeals. The First Circuit consists of Maine, Massachusetts, 
New Hampshire, Rhode Island. Second — Connecticut, New York, 
Vermont. Third— Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania. Fourth- 
Maryland, North Carolina , South Carolina, Virginia, West Vir- 
ginia. Fifth — ^Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, 
Texas. Sixth- Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, Tennessee, Seventh- 
Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin. Eighth — Arkansas, Colorado, In- 
dian and Oklahoma territories, Iowa, Kansas. Minnesota, Mis- 
souri, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, 
Utah Wyoming. NlAth— Alaska, Arizona, California, Idaho, Mon- 
tana, Nevada, Oregon, Washington and Hawaii. 



230 LHGISLATIVB MANUAL 

THE JUDICIARY-Continued. 

UNITED ST-^TBS COURT OP CLAIMS. 

Chief Justice—Charles C. Nott, N. Y. Associate Judges— Law- 
rence Weldon, Illinois; Stanton J. Peele, Indiana; Francis M. 
Wright; Charles B. Howry, Miss. Salaries, $4,000 each. Chief 
Clerk— Archibald Hopkins, Mass., $3,000. 
UNITED STATES COURT OF PRIVATE LAND CLAIMS, 
Chief Justice— Joseph R. Reed, Iowa. Justices— Wilbur F. 
Stone, Colorado; Henry C. flluss, Kansas; P. J. Osborne, N. C; 
William W. Murray, Tenn. U. S. Attorney — Matthew G. Rey- 
nolds, Missouri. 

COURT OF APPEALS OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 

Chief Justice— Richard H. Alvey, Maryland, $6,500. Justices— 
Martin F. Morris, D. C, $6,000; Qeth Shepard, Tex., $6,000. Clerk 
—Robert WUlett, D. C $3,000. 

UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGES. 

(Annual Salary, $5,000.) 

Alabama— (N. D., M. D.) T. G. Jones, Montgomery; (S. D„> 
H. T. Toulmln. Mobile. 

Arkansas— (B. D.) Jacob Trleber Little Rock; (W. D.) J. H. 
Rogers, Fort Smith 

Calif omia^(N. D.) J. J. DeHaven, San Francisco; (S. D.) O, 
Wellborn, Los Angeles. 

Colorado— Moses Hallett, Denver. 

Connecticutt— Jas. P. Piatt, Hartford. 

Delaware— E. G. Bradford, Wilmington. 

Florida— (N. D.) Charles Swayne, Pensacola; (S. D.) J. W. Locke^ 
Jacksonville 

Georgia— (N. D.) W. T. Newman, Atlanta; (S. D.) Emory Speer» 
Macon. 

Hawaii— Morris M. Bstee, Honolulu. 

Idaho.^James H. Beatty, Boise City. 

Illinois— (N. D.) C. C. Kohlsaat, Chicago; (S. D.) J. O, Hum- 
phrey, Springfield. ( 

Indiana— 

Iowa— (N. D.) Oliver P. Shiras, Dubuque; (S. D.) Smith Mc- 
pherson, Red Oak. 

Kansas— William C. Hook, Leavenworth. 

Kentucky— (E. D.) A. M. J. Cochran, MaysviUe; (W, D,) W, 
Evans, Louisville. 

Louisiana— (E. D.) C. Parlange, New Orleans; (W. D.) A. Boax-> 
man, Shreveport. 

Maine— Clarence Hale, Portland. 

Maryland— Thomas J. Morris, Baltimore. 

Massachusetts— F. C. Lowell, Boston. 

Michigan— (E. D.) Hy H. Swan, Detroit; (W. D.) Geo. P, Wanty, 
Grand Rapids. 

Minnesota— Wm. Lochren, Minneapolis. 

Mississippi— UN. and S. D.) Henry C. Nlles, Kosciusko. 

Missouri- (E. D.) E. B. Adams, St. Louis; (W. D.) J. F* 
Philips, Kansas City. 

Montana— Hiram Knowles, Helena. 

Nebraska— William H. Munger, Omaha. 

Nevada— Thos. P. Hawlev, Carson City. 

New Jersey— A. Klrkpatrick, Newark. 

New Hampshire— E. Aldrlch, Littleton. 

New York— (N. D. ) George W. Ray, Utica; (S. D.) Geowre B. 
Adams, New York Cltyj (E. D.) Edward B. Thomas, Brooklyn; 
(W. D.) John R. Hazel, Buffalo. « ' ^ r^ ^ ^ * ,« 

North Caroliha-(E. P.) T. R. Purnell, Raleigh; (W. D,) J, E,. 
Boyd, Greensboro 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



231 



North Dakota— C. F. Amidon, Fargo. 

Ohio-(N. D.) A. J. Ricks, F. J. Wing, Cleveland; (S. D,) A. C 
Thompson, Cincinnati 

Oregon— Charles B. Bellinger, Portland. 

Pennsylvania— (B. D.) J. B. McPherson, Philadelphia; (M.D.) 
R. W. Archibald, Scranton; (W. D.) J. Bufflngton, Pittsburg. 

Porto Rico— Wm. H. Holt, San Juan. 

Rhode Island— A. L. Brown, Providence. 

South Carolina— W. H. Brawley, Charleston, 

South Dakota— J. E. Carland, Sioux Falls. 

Tennessee— <E. and M. D.) C. D. Clark, Chattanooga; (W, D,) 
Eli S. Hammond, Memphis. 

Texas— (N. D.) E. R. Meek. Fort Worth; (S. D,) W, T, Burns, 
Houston; (E. D.) D. E. Bryant, Sherman; (W. D.) T, S, Maxey» 
Austin 

Utah— John A. Marshall. Salt Lake City. 

Vermont— Hoyt H. Wheeler, Brattleboro. 

Virgnla— (E. D.) E. Waddill, Jr., Richmond; (W. D.) H, C, Mc- 
Dowell, Bigstone Gap. 

Washington— C. H. Hanford, Seattle. 

West Virginia— (N. D.) J. J. Jackson, Parkersburg; (S. D.) B> 
F. Keller, Bramwell. 

Wisconsin— (E. D.) W. H. Seaman, Milwaukee; (W. D.) Roman- 
zo Bunn. Madison. 

Wyoming-nJohn A. Riner, Cheyenne. 



HOLIDAYS IN NORTH DAKOTA. 

January 1. — ^New Year's Day. 

February 12.— Lincoln's Birthday. 

February 22. — ^Washington's Birthday. 

May 30.— Memorial Day. 

July 4.— Independence Day. 

Election Day.— All general election days. 

Thanksgiving Day.— Last Thursday in November. 

December 25. — Christmas. 

Arbor Day— Day set by Grovernor. 



NORTH DAKOTA LEGAL WEIGHTS. 



Apples 50 pounds 

Barley 48 pounds 

Beans 60 pounds 

Bran 20 pounds 

Bromus Inermus . 14 pounds 

Buckwheat 42 pounds 

Beets 60 pounds 

Broom corn 30 pounds 

Corn, shelled 56 pounds 

Corn in the ear . . 70 pounds 

Clover Seed 60 pounds 

Coal, stone 80 pounds 

Flax-seed 56 pounds 



Lime 80 pounds 

Millet 50 pounds 

Oats 32 pounds 

Onions 52 pounds 

Potatoep, Irish ... 60 pounds 

Potatoes, sweet .. 46 pounds 

Peas 60 pounds 

Rye 56 pounds 

Salt 80 pounds 

Spe'tz 40 pounds 

Turnips 69 pounds 

Timothy seed .... 45 pounds 

Wheat 60 pounds 



UJOISLATIVEI MANUAL 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 







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Preaidont Tyler succeeded 

■eaidenl Fillmore (Dcceeded 

14, 1965, vlien Vice President Johnson SDCceeded 

•ed'ed^"'* died September 20, J881, when Vice Preeidei 

~""" ' m theHrel 



^ ed In office, Jnly 9, 1850, when Vit 
^♦AwBaainated.Api 






id^^^^onprasidi 



iaistratloa 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



VICE PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



Name and Birthplace 



1 John Adams, Has 
STbomr- 



JetfarBon. Virginia 

3 Aaron uurr, New Jerser 

4 '(ieorge Cliolon, Naw Yfrk 

6 DaDlel fl° Tomp^in?. New York '. 
^ tJohn C. CalhoQQ, So, Carolina . 
» Martin Van Buren. Maw Yorli . . . 
9 Richard M. JobnsoD, Kentucky . 
lOtJodn Tslsr, Virginie 

11 Heorae H. Sallae, Fenn?yli8nia. 

12 I NillanJ Fillmore, New York.. .. 

13 g-VVm. R. King. Nortb Carolina . 

14 John C. Breckearldge. Kentacky 

15 Hannibal Hamlin, Haine 

IS riAndrew Johnson, No. Carolina. 

n Schuyler Colfai, Saw York 

IS 'Henry Wilbon, Now Hampebire 

19 William A. Wbealar, New York.. 

20 "Chester A. Arthur, Vermont ... 

21 •Thomas A. Hendricke, Ohio.,.. 

22 Levi P, Morton, Vermont 

23 Adlal E. Steysnson. Kentucky... 

24 Garret A, Hobart, New Jersey. ,, 

25 •"TheodoreUooseyelt, New York 



itbycjaathof Harrisoi 
Bidenl pro tem of the a 
it by death ol Taylor, 
It by death ot Lini ' 



COMMANDERS-IN-CHIEF OF THE UNITED 
STATES ARMY, 1775-1903. 



Name 


From 


To 


Name 


From 


To 


^zrzit!"^'^''- 


im 

1 

181^ 


1783 

i;bs 

ii 


t&-3«?.™':: 

fGeorge B. UcClallan 
+HenrrW. HaHecV,-, 

•Philip H,Shariden., 

SiKMS'.!-:::: 


I82H 

i 

1888 
189j 


841 


&'-B'^Tk'iS7<;n::::- 

WeorgB Waabington,, 
tHenry Dearborn,!!!!! 


883 







.fgeneral. tMajor general. J Liautenant general. HBriga- 
. Josiah Harmer «'at lieutenant colonel and generaLiVchlaf 



234 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



INSURANCE COMPANIES AUTHORIZED TO DO 
BUSINESS IN NORTH DAKOTA. 

FIRE. 

American Deposit, 

Aetna, Hartford $ 4,000,000 

American, New York 400,000 

Continental, New York • 1,000,000 

Continental, Hartford 1,000,000 

Citizens, St. Louis 200,000 

Fire Association, Philadelphia : 500,000 

Fireman's Fu^d, San Francisco 1,000,000 

Greenwich, New York 200,000 

Germania, New York 1,000,000 

German American, New York 1,000,000 

German Alliance, New York 200,000 

Hanover, New York 1,000,000 

Home, New York 3,000,000 

Insurance Company of North America, Philadelphia .. 3,000,000 

Liverpool and London and Globe, New York 200,000 

National, Hartford 1,000,000 

Niagara, New York 500,000 

Phoenix of Hartford 2,000,000 

Phoenix of Brooklyn 1,000,000 

Pennsylvania Fire, Philadelphia 400,000 

Providence, Washington 500,000 

Queen, New York 500,000 

Springfield Fire & Marine. Springfield 1,500,000 

St. Paul Fire & Marine, St. Paul. 500,000 

Traders, Chicago 500,000 

FOREIGN FIRE. 

British American, Toronto, Canada $ 200,000 

Commercial Union, London, England 200,000 

Liverpool and London and Globe, Liverpool, England.. 200,000 

Northern Assurance, London, England 200,000 

Norwich Union, Norwich, England 200,000 

North British and Mercantile, London and Edlnburg.. 200,000 

Palatine, London, England 500,000 

Phoenix Assurance, London, England 200,000 

Royal, Liverpool, England 200,000 

Scottish Union and National, Edlnburg, Scotland ... 200,000 

Sun Fire, London, England 200,000 

Western Assurance, Toronto, Canada 200,000 

MUTUAL LIFE. 

Fidelity Mutual, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Minnesota Life, St. Paul, Minn. 
Mutual Life, of New York, N. Y. 
Mutual, Benefit of Newark, New Jersey. 
New York Life, of New York, N. Y. 
Northwestern Mutual, Milwaukee, Wis. 
Northern Mutual, Fargo, N. D. 
Phoenix Mutual, Hartford, Conn. 
Security Mutual, Bingham^ton, N. Y. 
State Life, Indianapolis, Indiana. 
Surety Fund Life, St. Paul, Minn. 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 235 

INSURANCE COMPANIES-Continued. 

LIFE. 

Capital. 

Aetna, Hartford, Conn $ 1,750,000 

Equitable, New York 100,000 

Germanla, New York 200,00 

Manhattan, New Yotfe 100,000 

Mutual Reserve Fund, New York, N. Y 1,000,000 

Northwestern Life Association, Minneapolis, Minn... 1,000,000 

Northwestern Life and Savings, Des Moines, Iowa .... 100,000 

National Life and Trust, Des Moines, Iowa 100,000 

'Provident Savings Life, New York 100,000 

Prudential, Newark, N. J 2,000,000 

Standard Life, Detroit 250,000 

Travelers, Hartford 1,000,000 

Union Central. Cincinnati 100,000 

Washington Life, New York 125,000 

ASSESSMENT LIFE. 

Minnesota Scandinavian Relief Association, Bed Wing, Minn. 

NORTH DAKOTA COUNTY MUTUALS, FIRE AND HAIL. 

Barnes County Farmers Mutual, Valley City. 

Cavalier County Farmers Mutual, Osnabrock. 

Cass County Farmers Mutual, Casselton. 

Dundee, Walsh county. Farmers Mutual, Dundee. 

Home Mutual Richland County, Dwight. 

Janflss River Valley, Stutsman County, Jamestown. 

LaMoure County Mutual, LaMoure. 

Morton County Mutual, New Salem. 

Nelson County Mutual, Bue. 

Pembina County Mutual, Hamilton. 

Scandinavian Farmers Mutual, Bottineau. 

Steele County Mutual, Sherbrooke. 

Traill County Mutual, HUlsboro. 

Walla Farmers Mutual, Walla. 

Walsh County Mutual, Minto. 

ACCIDENT, FIDELITY, GUARANTY. SURETY, PLATE 

GLASS, ETC. 

Aetna Indemnity, Hartford, Conn. 

Aetna Accident, Hartford, Conn. 

American Surety, New York, N. Y. 

American Bonding and Trust Company, Baltimore, Md. 

Bankers' Surety, Cleveland, Ohio. 

City Trust, Safe Deposit and Surety Co, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Continental Casualty Co., Hammond, Ind. 

Employers Liability Assurance Corporation. London, England. 

Fidelity and Casualty Co., New York, N. Y. 

Fidelity and Deposit Co., Baltimore, Maryland. 

Hartford Steam Bo*ler Insurance Co., Hartford, Conn. 

Lloyd's Plate Glass "Co., New York, N .Y. 

Minnesota Plate Glass Co., St. Paul, Minn. 

Metroporcan Plate Glass Co., New York, N. Y. 

National Surety Co., New York, N. Y. 

New York Plate Glass Co., New York, N. Y. ' 

Northern Trust Co., Fargo, North Dakota. 

Ocean Accident and Guarantee Corporation, New York, N. Y. 

Pacific Surety, San Francisco, OaL 

Standard Accident, Detroit, Michigan. 

Travelers Accident, .Hartford, Conn. 

Union Casualty and Surety Co., St. Louis, Mo. 

United States Fidelity and Guaranty Co., Baltimore, Md. 



236 X.EGISLATIVE MANUAL 

INSURANCE COMPANIES-Continued. 

STATE MUTUAL FIRE AND HAIL 

Alliance Hail Association, Jamestown, N. D. 

Commercial, Mutual, Grand Forks, N. D. 

Des Moines. Mutual Hail Association, Des Moines. la. 

Evangelical Mutual Insurance Co., Milbank, S. D. 

Merchants State Mutual. Farpo, N. D. 

St. Paul Mutual Hail and Cyclone, St. Paul, Minn. 



NORTH DAKOTA NATIONAL GUARD. 

COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF— FRANK WHITE, GOVEiRNOR OF 

THE STATE. 

GENERAL STAFF. 

Brigadier General E. S. Miller. Adjutant General Bismarck 

Colonel H. M. Creel, inspector and judge adv. gen Devils Lake 

Colonel Wm. H. Brown, chief of Ord. and Insp. of R. P 

. Grand Forks. 

Colonel Frank P. Allen, chief of supply Lisbon 

Colonel Charles McLachlan, surgeon general New Rockford 

Colonel Porter W. Eddy, aide-de-camp Jamestown 

Colonel A. W. Cogswell, aide-de-camp Devils Lake 

Colonel I. N. Steen, aide-de-camp Mayvllle 

Colonel A. S. Torkelson, aide-de-camp FIrgal 

Colonel J. D. Moulder, aide-de-camp Fargo 

Colonel F. Smith-Peterson, aide-de-camp Park River 

Colonel Ed. Pierce, aide de-camp Sheldon 

L'eutenant Colonel C. R. Meredith, medical purveyor, Casselton 

Major J. S. Cole, commissary Lisbon 

Major Albert Roberts, commissary Devils Lake 

Major Edward C. Geary. Jun, assistant ordnance oflEicer, Fargo 
Captain Wesley G. Matchan, apothecary and storekpr, Bismarck 

FIELD AND STAFF. 

Colonel Amasa P. Peake, commanding 1st Infantry ... Valley City 
L'eutenant Colonel William' C. Truemann, 1st Infantry, Grafton 

Major Fred Keye, 1st battalion, 1st infantry Fargo 

Major J. H. Fralne, 2nd battalion, 1st infantry Grafton 

Major I. A. Berg, 3d battalion, 1st infantry Grand Forks 

Major T. C. Patterson, surgeon 1st infantry Lisbon 

Captain C. F. Mudgett, Regt. Adjt. 1st infantry Valley City 

Captain Thos. H. Poole, Reg quartermaster, 1st inf., Jamestown 
Captain Stephen Howard, asst. surgeon, 1st cavalry, Bottineau 

Captain W. J. Proctor, asst. surgeon 1st infantry Valley City 

Captain Wm. A. Mlckle, commissary, 1st infantry, Grafton 

First Lieutenant Henry G. Fish, asst. surg. 1st infantry Wheatland 
First Lieutenant A. J. Osborne, batt. adj., 1st Infantry, Dickinson 
First Lieutenant L. C Read, Batt. adj., 1st Infantry, Rugby 
First Lieutenant R. A .Thompson, batt. adj., 1st infantry, Fargo 
Chaplain Geo. H. Da vies, 1st infantry Wahpetori 

CAPTAINS 

W. F. Cushlng, Company A, 1st infantry Bismarck 

G. C. Grafton, Company B, 1st infantry Fargo 

T. H. Tharalson, Company C, 1st infantry Grafton 

Thomas Lonnevik, Company D, 1st infantry Devils Lake 

F. F. Ross, Company E, 1st Infantry Langdon 

Willam H. Ryan, Company F. 1st Infantry Grand Forks 

Frank S. Henry, Company G. 1st infantry Valley City 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



237 



NORTH DAKOTA NATIONAL GUARD-CAPTAINS-Continued. 

H. G. Proctor, Company H, 1st Infantry Jamestown; 

William R. Purdon, Company I, 1st Infantry Wahpeton 

L. C. Smith, Company K, 1st infantry Dickinson 

Barney C. Boyd, Company L, 1st infantry Hillsboro 

Phil S. Randal!, Company M, 1st infantry El'endale 

M. P. Wells, Battery a. 1st artillery Lisbon 

J. D. Eaton, troop A, 1st cavalry Dunseith 

FIRST LIEUTENANTS. 

John L. Peterson, Company A, 1st Infantry Bismarck 

M. A. Hildrfeth. Company B, 1st infantry Farga 

A. T. Pettlnger. Company C, Ist infantry Grafton 

R. E. Taylor, Company D, 1st infantry Devils Lake 

Fred S Smith, Conapany E, 1st infantry Langdon 

W. C. Ackerman, Compan F, 1st infantry Grand Forks 

Fred C King, Company G, 1st Infantry Valley City 

D. Baldwin, Jr., Cdinpany H, 1st infantry Jamestown 

William R. Purdon. Company List infantry Wahpeton 

A. W. Freeman, Company K, ist infantry Dickinson 

Joseph Quamme, Company L, 1st infantry Hillsboro 

D. W. Coleman, Company M, 1st infantry EllendalQ 

T. E. Conklin, Battery A, 1st artillery Lisbon 

W T. Smith, Troop A, 1st cavalry Dunseith 

SECOND LIEUTENANTS. 

Joseph L. Kelly, Company A, 1st infantry Bismarck 

Dan. E. Lewis , Company B, 1st infantry Fargo 

Ole Manderud, Compan C, 1st infantry Grafton 

Paul C. Gorder, Company D, 1st infantry Devils Lake 

Harry Wleland, Company E, 1st Infantry Langdon 

O. A. Braseth, Company F, 1st Infantry Grand Forks 

Oscar M. Amundson, Company G, 1st infantry Valley City 

W. M. Hotchklss, Company H, 1st infantry Jamestown- 

O. M. Jones, Company I, 1st infantry Wahpeton 

C. J. Phelan, Company K, Isl infantry Dickinson 

H Woolsey, Compdhy L, 1st Infantry Hillsboro 

H. E. Thomas, Company M, 1st Infantry Ellendale 

F. E. Ryman, Battery A, 1st artillery Lisbon. 

F. L. McKee, Troop A, 1st cavalry Dunseith 

B D. Ash, drum major, 1st Infantry band Lisbon 



POST OFFICES IN NORTH DAKOTA. 

CORRECTED TO JULY 1, 1903. 
(c. h. indicates county seats.) 



Town. County. 

Abercromble Richlantf 

Absaraka Cass 

Acton Walstt 

Adams Walsh 

Addison Cass 

Adler Nelson' 

Adrian LaMoure 

Agricultural College Cass 

Akra Pembina 

Albert Benson 

Albertha Dickey 

Alcide Rolette 

Alden Sargent 



Town. County. 

Algeo Barnes- 

Alice Cass 

Amenia Cass 

Anamoose McHenry 

Andrews Burleigh 

Aneta Nelson 

Annis Pierce^ 

Anselm Ransom 

Au^e'.ope Stark 

Antler Bottineau 

Antwerp Towner- 

Ardock Walsh 

Argusville Cass 



238 



LBQISLATIVB MANUAL 



POST OFFICES IN NORTH DAKOTA-Continued. 



Town. County. 

Armoordale Towner 

Armstrong Bmmons 

Amdt Towner 

Arnold Bnrlelgh 

Arthur Cass 

Arvilla Grand Forks 

Ashley (c. h.) Mcintosh 

Ashtabula Barnes 

Auburn Walsh 

Ayr Cass 

Bachelor Rolette 

Backoo Pembina 

BaconyiUe Nelson 

Baldwin Burleigh 

Balfour McHenry 

Balton Towner 

Banks Wallace 

Barlow Foster 

Barnett S.ntsmaJi 

Barney Richland 

Barrie Richland 

Bartlett Ramsey 

Barton Pierce 

Basto McLean 

Bathgate Pembina 

Bay Centre Pembina 

Beach Billines 

Beaullen Cavalier 

Beaver Bowman 

Beicegel McKenzie 

Belcourt Rolettft 

Belfield StarK 

Bellville Grand Forks 

BeUmont Traill 

Bentru Grand Forks 

Benzton Ramsey 

Berlin LaMoure 

Bertha Rolette 

Berthold Ward 

Berwick McHenry 

Beyrout Pierce 

Blnf ord Griggs 

Bisbee Towner 

Bismarck (c. h.) ...'.. Burleigh 

BJelland Bottineau 

Blabon Steele 

Blackmer Richland 

Blanchard Traill 

Bloomenfeld Stutsman 

Bluegrass ..' Morton 

Bohan Bnrlelgh 

Bolaker Ward 

Bordulac Foster 

Bottineau (c. h.).... Bottineau 

Boundary Rolette 

Bow bells Ward 

Bowden Wells 

Bowesmont Pembina 

Braddock Bmmons 

Brazil Pierce 

Brlnsmade Benson 

Brlttin Burleigh 



Town. County. 

Brocket Ramsey 

Broncho Mercer 

Bruce Pembina 

Buchanan Stutsman 

Bne Nelson 

Buffalo ...., Cass 

Buford, Williams 

Burlington Ward 

Butte Oliver 

Buttzville Ransom 

Buxton Traill 

Byron Cavalier 

Cable Grand Forks 

Caledonia Traill 

Calmar Rolette 

Calvin Cavalier 

Cando (c. h.) Towner 

Cannonball Morton 

Carlisle Pembina 

Carpenter Rolette 

Carpio Ward 

Carrlngton (c. h.) Foster 

Casey McLeaQ 

Carson Morton 

Cartwrlght Aired 

Cashel Walsh 

Casselton Cass 

Cathay Wells 

Caughey McHenry 

Cavalier Pembina 

Cayuga Sargent 

Cecil Pierce 

Center (c. h.) Oliver 

Chaffee Cass 

Chase Hettinger 

Chllcot Ward 

Christine Richland 

Churchs Ferry Ramsey 

Clement Dickey 

Cleveland Stutsman 

Clifford Traill 

Cline Foster 

Coal Harbor McLean 

Cogswell Sargent 

Coldwater Mcintosh 

Colfax Richland 

Colgate Steele 

Columbus Ward 

Coolin Towner 

Conger Burleigh 

Conkling McLean 

Cossldine Towner 

Conway Walsh 

Cooperstown (c. h.) ....Griggs 

Cordelia Bottineau 

Corlnne . . .\. Stutsman 

Courtenay Stutsman 

Crary Ramsey 

Crete Sargent 

Crocus Towner 

Cromwell Burleigh 

Crosier Nelson 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



239 



POST OFFICES IN NORTH DAKOTA-Continued. 



Town. Connty. 

Crystal ^ Pembina 

Crystalsprings Kidder 

Cuba Barnes 

Cumlngs Traill 

Dally Barnes 

Dakem Bmmons 

Dale Emmons 

Daniels Cavalier 

Danzig Mcintosh 

Darling McLean 

Dash Townen 

Davenport Cass 

Dawson Kidder 

Dazey Barnes 

Deapolis Mercer 

Deehr Nelson 

Deepriver McHenry 

Degroat Ramsey 

Delamere Sargent 

Denbigh McHenry 

Denhoff McLean 

Denver Rolette 

Derrick Ramsey 

Deslacs Ward 

Devils Lake (c. h.) ...Ramsey 

Dickey LaMoure 

Dickinson (c. h.) Stark 

Dlssmore Nelson 

Dogden McLean 

Dogtooth Morton 

Dakken Bottineau 

Donnybrook Ward 

Dore I Aired 

Doyon Ramsey. 

Drake McHenry 

Drayton Pembina 

Dresden Cavalier 

Driscoll Burleigh 

Duane Tra'U 

Dudley Ramsey 

Dunseith Rolette' 

Durbin Cass 

Dwlght Richland 

Devymond Ward 

Easby Cavalier 

East Edge Barnes 

Eckelson Barnes 

Eden Wells 

Edgeley LaMoure 

Edinburg Walsh 

Edmore Ramsey 

Edmunds Stutsman 

Elbowoods u» McLean 

Eldridge Stutsman 

Elisa Rolette 

Elkwood Cavalier 

Ellendale (c. h.) Dickey 

Elllng Pierce 

Elliott Ransom 

Ellison, Towner 

Ely Bottineau 

Embden Cass 



Town. County. 

Emerado Grand Forks 

Emmonsburg Emmons 

Emp're Cavalier 

Enderlin Ransom 

Englevale Ransom 

Erie Cass 

Ernest Pembina 

Esler Stutsman 

Esmond Benson 

Etna Cavalier 

Evanston Ramsey 

Everest Cass 

Exeter Emmons 

Expansion Mercer 

Fairmount , Richland 

Falconer McLean 

Fallon Morton 

Fancher Stutsman 

Fargo (c. h.) Cass 

Farmlngton Richland 

Fayette Dunn 

Fergus Grand Forks 

Fessenden (c. h.) Wells 

Fillmore Benson 

Fingal Barnes 

Finley Steele 

P'sher Rolette 

Fishlake Benson 

Flasher , Morton 

Flaxton Ward 

Flora Benson 

Florlne Richland 

Floyd LaMoure 

Forest River Walsh 

Forma n (c. h.) Sargent 

Fort Berthold McLean 

Fort Ransom Ransom 

Fort Rice Morton 

Fort Tottten Benson 

Fort Yates Morton 

. Foxholm Ward 

Foxlake Ramsey 

Frances Burleigh 

Freeborn Eddy 

Fried Stutsman 

FuUerton Dickey 

Gaines Oliver 

Galchutt R'chland 

Galesburg Traill 

Gallatin Griggs 

Galloway Rolette 

Galva Ward 

Gardar Pembina 

Gardner Cass 

Garske Ramsey 

Gay ton Etomons 

Geneseo Sargent 

Geoff Walsh 

Gerber Stutsman 

Gllby Grand Forks 

Glrard Pierce 

Gladstone Stark 



240 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



POST OFFICES IN NORTH DAKOTA-Continued. 



Town. County. 

Glasston Pembina 

Glanavon Emmons 

Glencoe Emmons 

Glenn Ward 

GlenuU'n Morton 

Glover Dickey 

Goa Benson 

Grolden Lake Steele 

G03da!l Stark 

Goodrich McLean 

Gorham Billings 

Grafton (c. h.) Walsh 

Graham's Island Benson 

Grand Harbor Ramsey 

Grandln Cass 

Grand Forks (ch) Grand Forks 

Grand Rapids LaMoure 

Granville McHenry 

Grasslake ..^ Pierce 

Gray Stutsman 

Great Bend Richland 

Grelland Ward 

Grinnel Williams 

Griswold LaMoure 

Guelph Dickey 

Gwinner Sargent 

HaaFe Bottineau 

Hague Emmons 

Ha?ey Bowman 

Halliday Mercer 

Hallson Pembina 

Hamilton Pembiua 

Hamlin Sarger;t 

Hample Sargent 

Hampton Emmons 

Hancock McLean 

Hankinson Richland 

Hannaf ord Griggs 

Hanah Cavalier 

Hannover Oliver 

Harlem Sargent 

Harmon Morton 

Harrisburg Nelson 

Harvey Wells 

Harwood Cass 

Hastings Barnes 

Hatton Traill 

Havana Sargent 

Haven Foster 

TJazen Mercer 

Hebron Morton 

Helena Griggs 

Hellwlg Mcintosh 

Hensel Pembina 

Hensler Oliver 

Herr McLean 

Hesper Benson 

Hickson Cass 

Hills Ward 

Hillsboro (c. h.) Traill 

Hobson Morton 

Hofflund Williams 



Town. County. 

Holmes Grand Forks 

Homen Cavaiier 

Homestead Richland 

Honeyf ord Grand Forks 

Hoople Walsh 

Hope Steele 

Horace Cass 

Howe Morton 

Hull Emmons 

Hunter Cass 

Hurdsfleld Wells 

Hurricane Lake Pierce 

Hydepark Pembina 

Hyland Towner 

Inejersoll McLean 

Inkster Grand Forks 

lone La Moure 

iFaac Bur.eigh 

Island Lake Rolette 

Jackson Ramsey 

Jamestown (c. h.) Stutsman 

Janesburg Morton 

Jerusalem Ramsey 

Jessie Griggs 

Jewell Mcintosh 

Johnstown Grand Forks 

Joliette Pembina 

Josephine Benson 

Joslyn Ward 

Judson Morton 

Juinata Pierce 

Kassel Mcintosh 

Kathryn Barnes 

Keith Ramsey 

Kellogg Walsh 

Kellys Grand Forks 

Kelso Traill 

Kelvin Rolette 

Kemp ton Grand Forks 

Kenmare Ward 

Kensal Stutsman 

Kincald Rolette 

Kindred Cass 

Klner ^ Wells 

King Logan 

KInloss Walsh 

Klara Benson 

Klein Cavalier 

Knox Benson 

Kongsburg Richl§jid 

Krem Mercer 

Krlngen Rolette 

Kronthal Mercer 

Kulm LaMoure 

Lakota (c. h.) Nelson 

Lambert Walsh 

LaMoure (c. h.) LaMoure 

Langdon (c. h.) Cavalier 

Langedahl Kidder 

i^nona Barnes 

Lansing Towner 

Larlmore Grand Forks 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



241 



POST OFFICES IN NORTH DAKOTA-Continued. 



Town. County. 

Larrabee Poster 

Latona Walsh 

Laurea^ Rolette 

Lrawton Ramsey 

Leal Barnes 

Lehr Mcintosh 

Lee Nelson 

Leeds Benson 

Lehigh Stark 

Lemert Poster 

Leonard Cass 

Leroy ^ Pembina 

Lewis Ward 

Leyden Pembina 

Lewis Ward 

Lidgerwood Richland 

LlUa McHenry 

Lincoln McLean 

Linstad Walsh 

Linton (c. h.) Emmons 

Lisbon (c. h.) Ransom 

Litchvllle Barnes 

Livonia Emmons 

Logan Ward 

Lomice Walsh 

Lonetree Ward 

Lordsburg Bottineau 

Lorraine Dicltey 

Lowell Mcintosh 

Lucca Barnes 

Ludden Dickey 

Lynch Ward 

Lynchburg , Cass 

McCanna Grand Porks 

McClusky McLean 

McHenry Poster 

McKenzie Burleigh 

McKlnney Ward 

McLean Cavalier 

McRae Grand Porks 

Mc Villa Nelson 

Mack Cavalier 

Macroom Ward 

Maddock Benson 

Malda Cavalier 

Malcolm McLean 

Mandan (c. h.) Morton 

Mandt Walsh 

Manfred . # Wells 

Manvllle Grand jPorks 

Mannhaven Mercer 

Mantador Richland 

Mapes Nelson 

Maple Cass 

Mapleton Cass 

Marlon LaMoure 

Marmon Williams 

Mars .^ Rolette 

Marshall Mercer 

Martha McHenry 

(Martin McLean 

Matteson Barnes 



Town. County. 

May vllle Traill 

Maza Towner 

Meadow McHenry 

Medf ord Walsh 

Medina Stutsman 

Medora (c. h.) Billings 

Mekinock Grand Porks 

Merl Ramsey 

Menoken Burleigh 

Merricourt Dickey 

Melville Poster 

Merrtfleld Grand Porks 

Michigan Nelson 

Mikkelson Billings 

Miller Ransom 

Milnor Sargent 

Mlroy McHenry 

Milton Cavalier 

Mlnnlelake Barnes 

Mlnnewaukan (c. h.) ..Benson 

Minot Cc h.) Ward 

Mlnto Walsh 

Mohall Ward 

Mona Cavalier 

Monango Dickey 

Montpeller Stutsman 

Moore ton • Richland 

Morris Eddy 

Morton Cavalier 

Mountain Pembina 

Mount Carmel CavaUer 

Moyersvllle Kidder 

Mugf ord Pembina 

Napoleon (c. h.) Logan 

Nash .....^ Walsh 

Naughton Burleigh 

Nebo Steele 

Neche Pembina 

Nesson Williams 

New ESngland Stark 

Newhome Stut8n;ian 

Newport Ward 

New Rockford (c. h.) ... Eddy 

New Salem Morton 

Newville Ramsey 

Niaeara Grand Porks 

Nicholson Sargent 

Niles Benson 

Nina Ward 

Noel Morton 

Nome r Barnes 

Nord Walsh 

North Cbautauqua . . , Ramsey 

Northfleld , Ramsey 

Northwood Grand Porks 

Norton Walsh 

Norwich McHenry 

Nowesta Pembina 

Numedahl Cavalier 

Oakdale ^j. . . . . Stark 

Oakes Dickey 

Oakland McHenry 



242 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



POST OFFICES IN NORTH DAKOTA-Continaed. 



Town. County. 

OakylUe Barnes 

Oakwood Walsh 

Oberon Benson 

Delia Sargent 

Ojata Grand Forks 

Olga Cavalier 

Omemee Bottineau 

Omio Emmons 

Ong Burlei?h 

Oriska A.,, Barnes 

Orr Grand Forks 

Oscar McLean 

Osgood Cass 

Osnabrock Cavalier 

Ottof y Nelson 

Overholt Ward 

Owego Ransom 

Page Cass 

Palda Ward 

Painted Woods Burleigh 

Paisley Ward 

Palermo Ward 

Paoli Billings 

Paris Stutsman 

Parkin Morton 

Park River Walsh 

Patterson Ward 

Peebler Ward 

Pelto Nelson 

Pembina (c. h.) Pembina 

Pendroy McHenry 

Penn Ramsey 

PennyhiU Rolette 

Perry Sargent 

Perth Towner 

Petersburg Nelson 

Picton Towner 

Pierson Dickey 

Pilot Grand Forks 

Pingree Stutsman 

Pisek Walsh 

Pittsburg Pembtoa 

Piano Barnes 

Pleasant Ward 

Pleasant Lake Benson 

Pleasantview Foster 

Plymouth Ransom 

Polar Ward 

Portland Traill 

Power Richland 

Praha Walsh 

Prairie Stutsman 

Prattford Pembina 

Pratt McHenry 

Preston Ransom 

Questad Ward 

Ransom Sargent 

Hay Williams 

Reno Pierce 

Renville Ward 

Reynolds Grand Forks 

Richardton Stark 

Richburg Bottineau 



Town. County. 

Richfield Bichland 

Richville Logan 

Riga McHenry 

Rocklake Towner 

Roqkspring Stark 

Roger Barnes 

Rolla (c. h.) Rolette 

Rosedale Towner 

Rosehill Cavalier 

Ross Ward 

Ruby Nelson 

Rugby (c. h.) Pierce 

Russell Bottineau 

Rutland '. Sargent 

Saganaw Towner 

St. Andrew Walsh 

Saint Anthony Morton 

St. John Rolette 

St. Thomas Pembina 

Saline McHenry 

Sanborn Barnes 

Sandcreek Billings 

Sandoun Ransom 

Sanger (c. h.) Oliver 

Samia Wedsh 

Sams Bottineau 

Sather Burleigh 

Saunders Cass 

Sawyer Ward 

Schaf er Stark 

Scotia Bottineau « 

Scovill Ransom 

Sentinel Butte ..Billings 

Sergins Bottineau 

Sharlow Stutsman 

Sharon Steele 

Shawnee Grand Forks 

Sheldon Ransom 

Sherbrooke (c. h.) .... Steele 

Shevenne Eddy 

Shields Morton 

Sibleybutte Burleigh 

Sidney Towner 

Sllverleaf Dickejr 

Silvesta Walsh 

Sims Morton 

Slaughter Burleigh 

Sogn Nelson 

Soper Cavalier 

Souris Bottineau 

South Heart Stark 

Spalding Stark 

Spahgler Rolette 

Sperry Richland 

Spiritwood ._tA Stutsman 

Spring Brook Williams 

Spring Valley Stutsman 

Standy Richland 

Stanley Ward 

Stanton (c. h.) Mercer 

Star McHenry 

Starkweather Ramsey 

Steele (c. h.) Kidder 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 



243 



POST OFFICES IN NOBTH DAKOTA-Continued. 



Town. County. 

Sterling Burleigh 

Stevenson Morton 

^tewaptsdale Burleigh 

StilweU CavaUer 

Stirum Sargent 

Storlle Cavalier 

Stoughton Orand Forks 

Strasburg ... Emmons 

Straubville Sargent 

Stroud Stark 

Superior Bottineau 

Surrey Ward 

Svea Barnes 

Svold Pembina 

•Sweetbrlar Morton 

Sykeston Wells 

Tagus Ward 

Tappen Blidder 

Tarsus Bottineau 

Taylor Stark 

Tell Emmons 

Theed Richland 

Thompson Grand Forks 

Thor Bottineao 

Tiffany Eddy 

Tioga Williams 

Tomey Walsh 

Tower City Cass 

Trier Cavalier 

Towner (c. h.) McHenry 

Trenton Williams 

Truax Williame 

Tunbridge Pierce 

Turtle Lake McLean 

Twala Rolette 

Twist Wells 

Tyler Richland 

Tyner Pembina 

Illness Richland 

Union Cavalier 

University Grand Forks 

Valley City (c. h.) .... Barnes 

Vang Cavalier 

Velva McHenry 

Venturla Mcintosh 

Vera Cavalier 

Vesta Walsh 

Verona LaMoure 

Veseleyville Walsh 

Viking Benson 

Villard McHenry 

Voltaire McHenry 

Voss Walsh 



Town. County. 

Wade Morton 

Wagar McHenry 

Wahpeton (c. h.) Richland 

Walcott Richland 

Wales Cavalier 

Walhalla Pembina 

Wallace Kidder 

Walter Ward 

WalshviUe Walsh 

Warren Cass 

Warsaw Walsh 

Watson Cass 

Weaver Cavalier 

Webster Ramsey 

Weible Traill 

Welby Ward 

Welford Pembina 

Westby Pierce 

Westedge Barnes 

Westfield Emmons 

Wheatland Cass 

Wheelock Williams 

Washburn (c. h.) .... McLean 

White Earth Ward 

Whynot Grand Forks 

Wlldrlce Cass 

Williamsport (c. h.) . . Emmons 

Williston (c. h.) Williams 

Willow City Bottineau 

Wllma Barnes 

Wilton McLean 

Wimbledon Barnes 

Winchester Emmons 

Windsor Stutsman 

Winona Emmons 

Wirch Dickey 

Wishek Mcintosh 

Wisner Burleigh 

Wogansport Burleigh 

Wolf Benson 

Woodbridge Cavalier 

WoodhuU Richland 

Woods Cass 

Wyndmere Richland 

York Benson- 

Yorktown Dickey 

Young Walsh 

Youngtown Morton 

Ypsilanti Stutsman 

Yucca Oliver 

Yule •. Billings 

Zeeland Mcintosh 

Zion Towner 



LBGI8LATIVI! MANUAI, 



PRESIDENTIAL POST OFFICES. 



•BiBmarck 

Bottlnfaa 

BowbellB ... . 
CBDdO 

Chnrchs Ferry .. 
CoooerHiown .. 
D^TlU Lake ... 
Dickinson ... . 

Drayton 

B lend ale 

Fn:'er.:n 

Feeenden 

•Grand Forks . 

OraDvllle 

HanklnB.n ... . 

Harrey 

HUlsboco 

•Jameatown . . . 

Keamare 

Lakota 



• Free deliveij ofliooB. 



1,400 

i,soa 

1,500 



Laagdon 

Iiarlmore 

lildE^rwood 

Lisbon 

Maadin 

Mayvllle 

Milton. 

U'nnewankan . . 

Mlnot 

New Roekford . 
North wood . . . 

Park RtVec '.'.'. 
Pemtlna 

Rogby ".'..'.'...'.'". 
Saint ThoniaB .. 
Sheldon 

Valley city"..". 

Wahpeton 

Washbam 

Wlliow city". 
LIdgeiwood 



1.(00 
LSOO 
1.200 

1,400 
1,300 

too* 



NEWSPAPERS IN NORTH DAKOTA. 



-Alliance Valley City c. K. Baseett 

Ncrth Dak. Citizen ..Valley City Adama ft Saoford 

Tlmea-Becord Valley City S. A, Nye 



, McKean & Sod 



Enterprise .SRnbor_ 

News Wimbledon , 

Herald Plor-al Alberto. Woia 

Bulletin LltchTllle „,W. A. Wella 

" . J. K. Dye 



. Robt. 



Reporter Oberon 

North Dakota Sitting) Mloaewaukaa 

Bee Esmond 

■ - Knol D.' H.' Brattoi) 

'"-■' - H. DoUa 

' ". Volfft 



Tork Ledger ." York . . 

News Leeds „, , ^ ,„,., 

^t'"^'"''* Maaaock Geo. W. Tlltoa 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 245 

^ I 

NEWSPAPERS IN NORTH DAKOTA-Ck)ntinued. 

BOTTINEAU. 

North Dakota Eagle. . Willow City T. C. Michael 

Bottineau Courant Bottineau John F. Haakett 

Herald Omemee Ralph W. Slmpkins 

l^ews Bottineau ....%. F. C. Falkensteln 

Mouse River Standard Rlchburg A. J. Drake 

Republican ^Sourls Humphreys & Lomen 

Times Bjelland J. W. Schnltzler 

Leader Underwood Geo. W. Tilton 

BURLEIGH. 

Tribune Bismarck M. H. Jewell 

Settler B'smarck Settler Pub. Co. 

Palladium Bismarck L. V. McGahan 

CASS. 

Express ..Buffalo Benj. Stoeltlng 

Herald Hunter J. B. McArthur 

Tribune Kindred G. Weatherhead 

Eagle ^....Wheatland W. Irysh 

Forum Fargo. . . .A. W. Edwards & H. C. Plumley 

•Call '. Fargo J. J. Jordan 

Reporter Casselton Franklin Potter 

Eye Casselton C. E. Stone 

Topics Tower City H. H. Roberts 

White Ribbon Fargo Mrs. Mattle Van DeBogart 

Chronicle Grandin Chas. Sibley 

Posten Fargo Posten Pub. Co. 

Record Page W. K Brown 

Fram Fargo I. H. Ulsaker 

Review Davenport J. H. Pollock 

Blue & Gold 4 Fargo Fargo College 

Spectrum Fargo Agricultural College 

Record Fargo C. A. Lounsberry 

Morton's Daily Bulletii Fargo Morton & Page 

Die Staats-Presse Fargo Otto Gross 

Avalanche Alice Benj. Stoeltlng 

Hi?h School Cynosure Fargo Edwin Clapp 

North Dakotan .Fargo Frel L. Johnson 

CAVALIER. 

•Globe Milton O. T. Rlshoff 

Cavalier Co. Republican Langdon A. E. Lindstrom 

Moon Hannah S. J. A. Boyd 

Courier-Democrat Langdon A. I. Koehmstedt 

Independent Osnabrock Fred A. Bailey 

DICKEY. 

Republican Oakes Goddard & Wright 

Leader Ellendale Goddard & Wright 

Record Ellendale Perry Jfe Son 

EDDY. 

"Transcript New Rockf ord Olsen & Maddux 

"Star Sheyenne C. C. Manning 

Provost. New Rockford P. M. Mattson 



246 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

NEWSPAPERS IN NORTH DAKOTA-Continued. 

EMMONS. 

"Emmons Co. RepubrnBraddock W. P. Thurston. 

Emmons Co. Record. . .Linton D. R. Streeter 

Advocate Linton C. A. Patterson 

Anzelger Linton D. R. Streeter 

FOSTER. 

Independent ^Carrlngton , H. H. Palmer 

Tribune McHenry A. L. Lowden 

Record Carrington S. A. Lewis 

Recorder Barlow H. H. Palmer 

Free Press iMcHenry J. B. Arbogast 

GRAND FORKS. 

Herald ^Grand Forks... Geo. B. Wlnslilp 

Plalndealeer Grand Forks Arthur D. Moe 

Normanden Grand Forks P. O. Thorson* 

Pioneer Larlmore H. F. Arnold 

Leader „ Larlmore Pioneer Pub. Co. 

Gleaner ^Northwood , D. L. Campbell 

Times- Vldette ^Inkster F. C. Nye 

Enterprise ♦Reynolds James G. McKlnney 

'Review .Grand Forks. .E. H. Kent & J. D. Scanlan* 

GRIGGS. 

Courier Cooperstown P. R. Trubshaw 

Sentinel Cooperstown H. S. Rearlck 

Times BInford Pepper & Keene 

KIDDER. 
Ozone Steele H. S. Wood* 

LaMOURE. 

Chronicle LaMoure Warren & Taylor 

Mall. «Edgeley T. M. Hancock 

Messenger ,Kulm G. W. DiiFrane 

Reporter |Dlpkey J. D. Rainer 

Sentinel iMarion A. V. Bush 

LOGAN. 
Homestead Napoleon O. F. Bryant 

Mchenry. 

McHenry Co. Journal. Velva C. W. Stafford & Son 

News & Stockman.... Towner J. L. KUlion- 

Record Granville E. T. Pierson 

Progress : . . .« Anamoose Greo. H. Isemlnn'er 

Statesman < Balfour E. E. Cowelt 

Post Berwick R. F. Leppla 

Pioneer .Norwich Ed. T. Pierson 

Promoter Denbigh L. W. Pierson^ 

Leader Balfour E. A. Valiant 

Critic Voltaire E. E. Cowelt 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 247 

NEWSPAPERS IN NORTH DAKOTA- -Continued. 

McLean. 

leader ^ Washburn John Satterlund 

News Wilton E. A. Hull 

Voice Denhoff Ed. X. Moore 

Miner Washburn Fred L. Harris 

Fllckertall Flicker. . . . Goodrich Otto Grethen 

Citizen Goodrich W. J. Burt 

Leader McClusky Ed. X. Moore 

Record Underwood Geo. W. Tilton 

McINTOSH. 

Republican ^Ashley L. Gruenlnger 

News Wishek A. P. Guy 

Tribune Ashley Ashley Security Co. 

MERCER. 

Journal. Manhayen John Young 

MORTON. 

Pioneer Mandan Tuttle & Gllbreath 

Independent Mandan Frank Wilder 

Times ^Mandan A. M. Packard 

DieWacht am Missouri. New Salem Bernard Oppenheim 

News Glenn Ullln Wallace R. Hail 

NELSON. 

Observer Lakota ^ J, S. Metcalf 

Herald Lakota E. H. Kent 

Independent ^ Michigan Mrs. R. B. Dougherty 

Panorama Aneta Fred N. Lang 

American -« Lakota M. A. Tolrud 

OLIVER. 

Republican Center Fred L. Harris 

PEMBINA. 

Pioneer Express ^ Pembina Wardwell & Thompson 

Times St. Thomas Grant S. Hager 

Pink Paper , Bathgate F. A. WiPson 

Echo Drayton J. K. Falrchlld 

CaTalier Chronicle Cavalier J. K. Falrchlld 

Chronotype ' Neche H. H. Lampman 

Walhalla Mountaineer, Walhalla C. H. Lee 

Call Crystal J. A. Minder 

Independent Hamilton F. A. Wilson 

PIERCE. 

Tribune Rugby J. W. B'ngham 

Optimist Rugby A. M. Yor.ng 

RAMSEY. 

Sun Churchs Ferry Geo. Chambers 

Ramsey County Courier Crary Geo. Davis 

News iDevils Lake Phil Shortt 

Free Press Devils Lake Ed Smith 



248 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

NEWSPAPERS IX NORTH DAKOTA-Continued. 

RAMSEY— Continued. 

Inter-Ocean Devils Lake H. C. Hansbrough 

Herald Edmore E. M. Crary 

News Edmore A. M. Beverldge 

Public Opinion Crary E. A. Anderson 

Times Starkweather Simpson & Resler 

RANSOM. 

Gazette Tjsbon Baeklund & Schomer 

Enterprise Sheldon J. H. Burke 

Progress Sheldon M. B. De la Bere 

Free Press Lisbon Geo. L. Towner 

Independent Enderlln C. H. Potter 

The Rotary Lisbon W. C. Crocker 

Westland Educator Lisbon W. G. Crocker 

RICHLAND. 

Globe Wahpeton Fred Falley 

Gazette Wahpeton Hughes & Thatcher 

Times Wahpeton Asplnwall Bros. 

News Falrmount B. W. Clabaugh 

News Hanklnson W. C. Forman 

Reporter Walcott Geo. Van Arman 

Broadaxe. Lldgerwood John Andrews 

Monitor Lldgerwood G. N. Edwards 

Pioneer Wyndmere C. G. Klenzing 

Herald Abercromble M. M. Clough 

Eagle Christine J. A. I. Martinson 

ROLETTE. 

Turtle Mountain Star. , Holla W. J. Hosklns 

Herald Dunselth F. E. Farrell 

SARGENT. 

Teller Milnor Roy V. Fyles 

Mistletoe OeLamere A. P. Sayton 

Independent 'J'orman Wm. Hurley 

Herald Havana Frank Wallln 

News Forman Jay H Maltby 

STARK. 

Press Ofcklnson M. L. Ayers 

Recorder Dickinson W. A. Carter 

STEELE. 

Tribune ^ Sherbrooke Chas. G. Boise 

Beacon FInley G. A. Montieth 

Pioneer Hope Pepper & Keene 

STUTSMAN. 

Alert Jamestown W. R. Kellogg 

Capital Jamestown Burgster & McElroy 

Gazette Courtenay Geo. Farries 

State Journal Kensal C. L. AUen 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 249 

NEWSPAPEllS IN NORTH DAKOTA-Continued. 

TOWNER. 

Journal Perth Jerry Frawley 

Qazette Bisbee J. M. Gores 

Record Cando F. D. Davis 

Herald Cando James Fogerty 

Democrat Cando Carl Nelson 

Blade Ellison W. J. Liclity 

TRAILL. 

Banner Hillsboro Alvin Schmitt 

Times 'Hillsboro Jos. Quamme 

Statstldende Hillsboro C. F. Bahnsen 

Folkets-Avis Hillsboro A. P. Trockstad 

Tribune Mayyille Larin Bros. 

Goose River Farmer. ., May ville J. M. Stewart 

Republican Portland John Lindelien 

WALSH. 

Walsh County Record -'Grafton Woods & Pierce 

News and Times Grafton H. P. Knappen 

North Dakota Posten. . irafton EInar Berge 

Gazette-'News °ark River F. J. Prochaska 

Journal iMinto W. S. Mitchell 

Tribune ESdinburg K. S. Thordarson 

Republican Park River Einar Berge 

WARD. 

Optic Miinot Marshall McClure 

Reporter Minot Geo. W. Wilson 

Courier Donnybrook Waller & Johnson 

News Kenmare Miafeldt & Cor.bett 

Journal Kenmare Mrs. M. A. Burke 

Tribune Bowbells Thos. B. Hurly 

International ; Portal G. P. Makee 

Mirror Donnybrook Clerk S. Hovey 

Herald Carpio C. M. Pederson 

Independent Minot C. F. Truax 

News Mohall M. O. Hall 

Eagle Flaxton E. R. Johnson 

Record White Earth R. H. Copeland 

Foot Prints Carpio Pierce Egan 

News Carpio Geo. Jacobson 

Tribune Berchold W. E. Krick 

Standard « Palermo R. J. Chamberlain 

Bee Flaxton F. B. Drinkwater 

Mouse River Journal. ..McKinney Burke A Mnkee 

Sun Stanley Jas. P. Dillon 

News Ryder MacLaren & Wells 

Bulletin Bowbells Bulletin Pub. Co. 

Renville Co. Tribune Mohall J. W. Schnitzler 

WELLS. 

News Fessenden W. A. Stickley 

Herald Harvey R. L. Price 

Guardian iBowdon . ♦ Katherine Lewis 

Free Press Fessenden Mark Hunt 

WILLIAMS. 

Graphic Wllllston Copeland & Oversen 

Herald Wllllston 

"Tribune Buford . .C. A. Lounsberry & W. R. Mumby 

Pioneer Ray Hughes Bros. 



250 liEGISLATIVB MANUAL 

NATURALIZATION LAWS. 

DECLARATION OF INTENTION.— An alien seeking natural- 
ization as a citizen of the United States must declare on oath 
before a circuit or district court of the United States, or a district 
or supreme court of the territories, or a court of record of any of 
the states having common law jurisdiction and a seal and a clerk, 
at least two years before his admission, that it is, bona-flde, his 
intention to become ^ citizen of the United States, and to renounce 
forever all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign state or ruler, 
and particularly to the one of which he may be at the time a 
citizen or subject; and also that he is not opposed to any organ- 
ized government, and not a member or a4^1iated with any or- 
ganization teaching opposition to any organized government, and 
that he never has and does not teach the duty or necessity of 
unlawfully assaulting or killing any specific individuals or offlcei^ 
of any government on account of their official characters. 

OATH ON APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION.— At the time of 
his application for admission he must, also declare on oath, before 
some one of the courts above specified "that he will support 
the constitution of the United States, and that he absolutely and 
entirely renounces and abjures all allegiance and fidelity to every 
foreign prince, potentate, state or sovereignty, and particularly, 
by name, to the prince, potentate, state qr sovereignty of which 
he was before a citizen or subject." 

CONDITIONS OF CITIZENSHIP.— It must appear to the sat- 
isfaction of the court to which the alien has applied for final ad- 
mission that he has resided continuously within the United States 
for at least five years, and In the state or territory where the 
court is held at least one year, and that during that time "he has 
behaved as a man of good moral character, is attached to the prin- 
ciples of the constitution of the United States, and well disposed 
to the good order and happiness of the same." 

TITLES OF NOBILITY.— If the applicant bears any hereditary 
titles or belongs to any order of nobility, he must make an express 
renunciation at the time of his application. 

SEAMEN.— Seamen who have declared their Intention to become 
citizens, and who, subsequently to such declaration, have served 
three years on board a merchant vessel of the United States, mar 
be admitted to citizenship. 

NAVY OR MARINE CORPS.— Any alien, twenty-one years of 
age or over, who has served five years or over. In the United 
States Navy or United States Marine Corps and has been hon- 
orably discharged, may, upon application to a court as specified 
above, proof of good moral character, five years* service and 
honorable discharge, be admitted a citizen of the United States. 

WIFE.— A wife becomes a citizen by her husband's naturallza** 
tlon, if she might herself be lawfully naturalized. 

MINORS.— Any alien under the age of twenty-one, who has 
resided in the United States three years next preceding his 
twenty-first birthday, and has continued to reside therein up to* 
the time he makes application to be admitted a citizen, may, after 
he arrives at the age of twenty-one, and after he has resided five 
years within the United States, including the three years of his 
minority, be admitted a citizen; but he must take a declaration on. 
oath and prove to the satisfaction of the court that for two years 
next preceding, it has been his bona-fide intention to become a 
citizen. 

CHILDREN OF NATURALIZED CITIZENS— The children of 
persons who have been duly naturalized, being under twenty-one 
at the time of the naturalization of their parents, shall, if dwelling 
in the United States, be considered as citizens. 



STATE OP NORTH DAKOTA 251 



CmZBNS* CHnUDREN BORN ABROAD.— The chUdren of 
persons who are now or have been citizens of the United States 
are considered as citizens, though they may be bom out of the- 
limits and jurisdiction of the United States. 

CHINESE.— The naturalization of Chinese is prohibited by sec- 
tion 14, chapter 126, laws of 1882. 

PROTEXTTION OF NATURALIZED CITIZENS.— Section 2.000- 
of the Revised Statutes of the United States expressly declares 
that "all naturalized citizens of the United States while in foreign 
countries are entitled to and shall receive from this government 
the same protection of person and property which Is /accorded to 
native-born citizens." 

THE RIGHT OP SUPPRAGE— The right to vote is conferred 
by the state, naturalization by the United States. In several 
states aliens, who have declared their intentions, enjoy the right 
to vote equally with naturalized or native-born citizens. But the 
federal naturalization laws apply to the whole union alike, and" 
no alien may be naturalized until after five i years' residence, ex- 
cept an honorably discharged soldier or a person whose parents 
have been naturalized while he was under twenty-one years of 
age, as above recited. Even after five years* residence and due 
naturalization he is not entitled to vote unless the laws' of the 
state confer the privilege upon him. 

In North Dakota to be an elector one must be a citizen of the^ 
United States or "has declared his Intention to become such one- 
year and not more than six years prior to election day." 



522 



LBGISLATIVBM^^^^ 



EDUCATIONAL ^»^^;^°t stOCKWBX^ 

Superintendent of Public I^strucUon-^V^^j^QR. 

Deputy-BDWIN J. T ^^^ 

STATE EDUCATIONAL iMSTli- ^ ^^^^^^^^^^^^ I8»t» 

university of North I>^^c?peneMj'^^^^^^ ,^ 

WEBSTER MERKIFIBI^. ^P'^^^^^, ^p^^ed 1S90- 

Agricultural College ^^^^^^oIIt:' P^eWi^ ,893. 

Normal School. Valley C^ty ; ^tabUshe p^^^eipaf. 

GEORGE A. McFARl^AiN^. ^^^ Opened 18»3- 

Normal School, May vHle ; EstaWUh^^^^^^al. ^ 

JOSEPH CARHART, sr ^^^^ opened l»w. 

Industrial School, EUeiidale;E8tabU8he^^^ ^ 

W. E. HICKS, ' v^iished \^^'> ^^^""^^^ 
Academy of Science, Wahp^on; Esta ^^g^^t. , ^ggo; 

EAB,L G. BURCti, J^ Bstabllshed J^o^» 

School for Deaf and Dumb at i^«^ 

Opened, W90g president. 
DWIGHT F. BANGS. ^ ^g^. opci^ed 1902. 

Reform Scliool, Mandan^ Establish ^^^^^ent. 

J. W. BROWN. Supers ^g^abUshed 1890- 

School for Feeble Minded ^^ ^''^ ° ^lo -^^^^ F^Sfc 
High School Board.— All members ®l";^perlntend^^^dent 
Governor; ^v. L. STOCKWEX^^^^fFlBl^. ^"^^^ 

Instruction; WEBSTER. ^^j*J^ Dakota. ^^ofiicio.^ 

XJnlversity of Nona members ex-oin, 

^and Commissioner-!^- 



/