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I 



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STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



1907 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



CONTAINING THE 



CONSTITUTION OF NORTH DAKOTA, 

THE CONSTITUTION 

OF THE UNITED STATES, 



ALSO 



RULES AND STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE 
TENTH LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY 



AND 



HISTORICAL, STATISTICAL AND POLITICAL 
INFORMATION 



Published by Authority 



BISMARCK. N. D. 

TRIBUNE, PRINTERS AND BINDERS 
1907 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



ADMISSION PROCLAMATION 182, 183 

ALTITUDES IN NORTH DAKOTA 333 

APPORTIONMENT— 

legislative prior to 1907 208-216 

act of 1907 892-395 

ARMY— 

commanders-in-chief 820 

rank of officers 820 

ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION 17-26 

ATTORNEYS— 

list of in North Dakota , 259-266 

registered law students 266 

BIOGRAPHICAI,- 

members of legislature, 1907 865-381 

BOARDS— 

trustees of public institutions xii-xiv 

CABINET OFFICERS 308-816 

CENSUS— 

North Dakota by counties, 1890, 1900 296, 296 

North Dakota by counties, 1905 837-861 

North Dakota cities and towns, 1890 and 1900 297, 298 

North Dakota cities and towns , 1905 837 

U. S., 1890 and 1900 299 

COMMITTEES— 

senate standing 166, 167 

house standing 175-177 

joint 167, 177 

political xix-xxiii 

CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION— 

date of , 64 

members of 64 

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 84-45 

amendments 46-49 

CONSTITUTION OF NORTH DAKOTA 77-129 

amendments 129-181 

vote on adoption 180 

COUNTY OFFICIALS 254-258 

Adams, Bowman and Hettinger xjuv 

COUNTIES— 

names, county seats 254 

Adams, Bowman and Hettinger xxiv 

COURTS— 

district, terms of 269. 270 

supreme , terms of 3cn 

biography of members of 362 , 363 

federal , terms of ^* 

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 13-16 

DIRECTORY— . , , . .... 

state officers and boards (front part of book) ix-xvin 

U. S. officials and cabinet 315-319 



177416 



CONTENTS 



ELECTION STATISTICS— 

electoral vote, 1900, 1904 180, 181 

members of legislature, 1907 208-216 

district judges, election 1904 216a, 216b 

members of congress, 1906 200 

members of congress prior to 1906 183-191 

on prohibition 182 

on adoption of constitution 182 

popular vote for president, 1900, 1904 180, 181 

by precincts in each county for 1906 217-263 

governor, prior to 1906 183-193 

state officers , 1906 202-206 

president, 1904 180, 181, 190 

ELECTORAL VOTE, 1900, 1904 180,181 

ENABLING ACT 65-76 

FEDERAL OFFICIALS— 

list of, and salaries 315-319 

GAME LAWS— 

digest of North Dakota 396 

GOVERNORS OF STATES AND TERRITORIES 334, 335 

salaries 334 , 335 

HISTORY OF NORTH DAKOTA 60-52 

HOLIDAYS 302 

HOUSE COMMITTEES 176-177 

INDIAN COMMISSIONERS 319 

INSURANCE COMPANIES— 

authorized to do business in North Dakota 288-291 

IRRIGATION— 

measure of water, etc 332 

quantity table : '. . 336 

JUDICIARY— 

members of supreme court x 

members of district court x 

judicial districts 206 , 207 

justices U. S. supreme court 307-308 

circuit courts , etc 304 , 306 

districts court of U. S. 305-307 

JUDGES— 

district, vote 1904 216a, 216b 

supreme, vote 1906 201 

LAND LAWS OF UNITED STATES— 

digest of 821-330 

LEGISLATIVE DISTRICTS 208-216 

LEGISLATURE— 

rules of senate and house, 1907 160-175 

members of, 1907 156-159 

biography of members, 1907 365-381 

senate committees, 1907 166 , 167 

house committees, 1907 175-177 

rules, joint, 1907 177-179 

MAGNA CHARTA 1-11 

MEASURES AND DISTANCES 338, 339 

mile in different countries 841 

information about steam 331 

MONEY— 

various kinds in circulation 359 



CONTENTS 



MONROE DOCTRINE 396, 897 

NATURALIZATION LAWS OF U. S 897-^99 

NEWSPAPERS IN NORTH DAKOTA 272-279 

NORTH DAKOTA— admission of into union 182, 188 

NORTH DAKOTA STATE GUARD— ROSTER 267, 268 

OFFICERS— (sec Territorial Officers, State Officers.) 

state, salaries 271 

appointive, salaries 271 

county xxiv, 294-268 

ORDINANCE OF 1787 27-88 

PENSION AGENTS OF U. S 819 

POLITICS— 

republican state committee xix 

democratic state committee xx 

national committees xxi-xxiii 

POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESIDENT— 

1900 and 1904 180, 181 

POPULATION— 

United States by states, 1890 and 1900 299 

North Dakota by counties, 1890 and 1900 295-296 

North Dakota by counties, 1905 837-361 

North Dakota cities and towns, 1890 and 1900 297, 298 

North Dakota cities and towns, 1905 856-368 

POST OFFICES— 

in North Dakota 279-286 

presidential in North Dakota 287 

POSTAL INFORMATION 300-302 

PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES 303 

electoral vote, 1900, 1904 180, 181 

PRIMARY ELECTION ACT OF 1907 392-395 

PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS— 

name and location 271 

REAPPORTIONMENT ACT, 1907 892-395 

REFEREES IN BANKRUPTCY xii 

REPRESENTATION 208-216, 392-395 

ROSTER OF NORTH DAKOTA MILITIA 267, 268 

RULES— 

senate 160—166 

house 168-176 

joint 167, 177 

SENATE COMMITTEES 166, 167 

STATE BOARD OF EQUALIZATION— 

members of ^cvii 

meeting of xvii 

STATE INSTITUTIONS— 

names and location 271 

STATE LEGISLATURES— 

members first session, 1889-90 139 

members second session, 1891 140 

extra session ' 141 

members third session , 1893 141 

members fourth session, 1895 142 

members fifth session, 1897 148 

members sixth session, 1899 144 

members seventh session, 1901 146-148 

members eighth session, 1903<^ 148-151 

members ninth session, 1905 151-156 

members tenth session , 1907 156-169 



CONTENTS 



STATE OFFICERS— 

prior to 1906 137-139 

for 1907-1908 (front part of book) ix, x 

biography of members . 363-881 

salaries 271 

vote, 1906 202-206 

. appointive , salaries 271 

SUPREME COURT OF THE U. S 307, 308 

TERRITORIAL LEGISLATURES— 

members of * ., 66-63 

TERRITORIAL OFFICERS— 

from organization of territory 53-63 

U. S. COMMISSIONERS xi 

U. S. GOVERNMENT— 

executive, cabinet, judiciary, pay, etc 808-319 

U. S. SENATORS FROM NORTH DAKOTA xi 

biography 362 , 363 

VICE PRESIDENTS .....; 304 

VOTE — (see election statistics). 

WATER MEASUREMENT 332 

WEIGHTS— legal 291 



LE(;iSLATIVE MANUAL 

1907 



Published Under Direflioo of 

ALFRED ' BLAISDELL 

Secretary of Stale 



;\ 



OFFICIAL DIRECTORY 



State Government. 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. 

John Burke, Governor, Bismarck. ' 

I*. E. Byrne, Private Secretary, Bismarck. 

John Burke, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

R. S. Lewis, Lieutenant Governor, Fargo. 

DEPARTMENT OF STATE. 

Alfred Blaisdell, Secretary of State, Bismarck. 
C. W. LaMoure, Deputy, Bismarck. 
Peter Roth, Chief Clerk, Bismarck. 
George Weatherhead, Printing Qerk, Bismarck. 
Amefia Erickson, Recorder, Bismarck. 
, Mary Lincoln, Stenographer, Bismarck. 
N. L. Call, State Librarian, Bismarck. 

AUDITOR'S DEPARTMENT. 

H. L. Holmes, State Auditor, Bismarck. 

Carl O. Jorgenson, Deputy, Bismarck. 

Robert Sweetman, Clerk, Bismarck. 

Ben Murphy, Clerk. 

Pauline H. Thomas, Stenographer Bismarck. 

TREASURER'S DEPARTMENT. 

Albert Peterson, Treasurer, Bismarck. 
W. A. Falconer, Deputy, Bismarck. 
Ellen Mitchell, Clerk, Bismarck. 
Cora M. Johnson, Clerk, Bismarck. 
Marion J. McKenzie, Clerk, Bismarck. 

INSURANCE DEPARTMENT. 

E. C. Cooper, Commissioner, Bismarck. 

A. Rolling, Deputy, Bismarck. 

G. N. Olson, Chief Clerk, Bismarck. 

Catherine Sterritt, Clerk. 

Dora Michelson, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

LEGAL DEPARTMENT. 

T, F. McCue, Attorney General, Bismarck. 
R. N. Stevens, Assistant, Bismarck. 
Andrew Miller, Assistant, Bismarck. 
Clara E. Stevens, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 

W. L. Stockwell, Superintendent, Bismarck. 
E. J. Taylor, Deputy, Bismarck. 
Richard Hey wood, High School Inspector. 
W. E. Parsons, Clerk, Bismarck. 
Florence Baldwin, Stenographer, Bismarck. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



BUREAU OF AGRICULTURE AND STATISTICS. 

W. C. Gilbreath, Commissioner of Agriculture, Bismarck. 

F. M. Gilbreath, Deputy, Bismarck. 

R. F. Flint, Assistant Dairy Commissioner, Bismarck. 

Melvin G. Hagen, Clerk, Bismarck. 

Fanny Slattery, Stenogr&pher, Bismarck. 

COMMISSIONERS OF RAILROADS. 

C. S. Diesem, Chairman, LaMoure. 
Erick Stafne, Galchutt. 

Simon Westby, Rugby. 

James W. Foley, Secretary, Bismarck. 

LAND DEPARTMENT. 

Board of University and School Lands — Superintendent of Public 
Instruction, Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, Stale 
Auditor. 

O. I. Hegge, Commissioner, Bismarck. 

W. E. Coates, Deputy, Bismarck. 

Walter Brown, Clerk, Bismarck. 

Nan Mudgett, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

Minnie Clarke Budlong, Clerk, Bismarck. 

Ruth R. Brown, Clerk, Bismarck. 

Gilbert Haugen, Clerk, Bismarck. 

O. J. Olson. Clerk, Bismarck. 

R. M. Burley, Clerk. 

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC ACCOUNTING. 

Oliver Elnudson, Public Examiner, Bismarck. 

T. M. Fahey, Deputy, Minot. 

John B. Mooney, Deputy, Langdon. ' 

W. J. Doheny, Deputy, Rugby. 

Richard Peyton, Deputy, Bottineau. 

Roy A. Nelson, Clerk. 

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE. 

State Supreme Court — 

D. E. Morgan, Chief Justice, Devils Lake. 
B. F. Spalding, Associate Justice, Fargo. 
Chas. J. Fisk, Associate Justice, Grand Forks. 
R. D. Hoskins, Clerk, Bismarck. 

F. W. Ames, Reporter, Mayville. 
William Green, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

DISTRICT JUDGES AND OFFICIALS. 

First District — Chas. F. Templeton, Judge, Grand Forks; A. F. 
Madison, Stenographer, Grand Forks. 

Second District — John F. Cowan, Judge, Devils Lake; C. E. Taylor, 
Stenographer, Devils Lake. 

Third District — Chas. A. Pollock, Judge, Fargo; H. G. Edwards, 
Stenographer, Fargo. 

Fourth District — Frank P. Allen, Judge, Lis&on; Van R. Crane, 
Stenographer, Lisbon. 

Fifth District— Edward T. Burke, Judge, Valley City; Chris. H. 
Olsen, Stenographer, Valley City. 

Sixth District — W. H. Winchester, Judge, Bismarck; George Schnep- 
per, Stenographer, Bismarck. 

Seventh District — W. J. Kneeshaw, Judge, Pembina; W. M. Prince, 
Stenographer, Grafton. 

Eighth District — E. B. Goss, Judge, Minot; John C. Lowe, Steno- 
grapher, Minot. 

Ninth District — ^A. G. Burr, Judge. 

Tenth District — No appointment. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA xi 



^ . FEDERAL OFFICIALS. 

United States Circuit Judges — Walter H. Sanborn, St. Paul, Minn.; 
Elmer B. Adams, St. Louis, Mo.; Willis Van Devanter, Cheyenne, 
Wyoming; William C. Hook, Leavenworth, Kansas. 

United States District Judge — Charles F. Amidon, Fargo, N. D. 

United States Marshal — ^James F. Shea, Fargo, N. D. 

United States Attorney — P. H. Rourke, Lisbon, N. D. 

Assistant United States Attorney — B. D. Townsend, Fargo, N. D. 

Clerk United States Circuit and District Courts — ^J. A. Montgomery, 
Fargo, N. D. 

Deputy Clerks — Miss E. R. Steele, Fargo, N. D.; R. D. Hoskins, Bis- 
marck, N. D.; H. N. Hamilton, Grand Forks, N. D.; D. G. Duell, 
Devils Lake, N. D.; R. E. Hopkins, Minot, N. D. 

Surveyor General — E. A. Williams, Bismarck, N. D. 

Deputy Collectors of Internal Revenue — G. H. Merrifield, Grand 
Forks; Geo. H. Piercy, Jamestown. 
^ National Bank Examiners — E. S. Tyler, Fargo, N. D.; Frank Chap- 
man, Buford, N. D. 

Collector of Customs — N. E. Nelson, Pembina, N. D. 

Deputy U. S. Marshals— C. N. Valentine (Chief Deputy), G. J. 
Stout, A. S. Quist and A. F. McKay, Fargo, N. D. 

CONGRESSIONAL. 

•United States Senators — Henry C. Hansbrough, Devils Lake, N. D., 
term expires March 3, 1909; Porter J. McCimiber, Wahpeton, N. D., 
term expires March 3, 1911. 

Representatives at large in Congress — Thomas F. Marshall, Oakes, 
N. D.; A. J. Gronna, Lakota, N. D. 

UNITED STATES COMMISSIONERS FOR THE STATE OF 

NORTH DAKOTA. 

Ashley — Wishek, John H., appointed September 20, 1905. 
Alexander — Norheim, Robert, appointed April 5, 1906. 
Bottineau — Hawker, Mark, appointed May 17, 1906. 
Bottineau — Babington, T. M., appointed February 26, 1908. 
Bottineau — Collins, Frank, appointed April 27, 1904. 
Bottineau — Hilleboe, Peter S., appointed October 20, 1904. 
Bismarck — McKenzie, M. J., appointed June 5, 1903. 
Cando — Brooke, James V., appointed January 16, 1907. 
Devils Lake— rDuell, D. G., appointed August 21, 1906. 
Dickinson — ^Auld, George, appointed April 20, 1905. 
Dickinson — ^Wannemacher, G. R., appointed April 11, 1904. 
EUendale — Perry, H. H., appointed November 14, 1906. 
Fargo — Montgomery, J. A., appointed December 23, 1905. 
Fessenden — Shaw, Geo. K., Jr., appointed April 17, 1906. 
Grand Forks — Robbins Geo. R., appointed April 30, 1903. 
Jamestown — Kneeland, Fred G., appointed June 6, 1903. 
Lakota — Fairbanks, W. C, appointed December 12, 1903. 
Lakota — Fruit, Henry D., appointed December 23, 1903. 
LaMoure — -Jones, Henry M., appointed March 21, 1903. 
Langdon — Cleary, Joseph, appointed June 5, 1903. 
Langdon— ^Sheehan, John, appointed September 17, 1903. 
Linton — Lane, Chas. S., appointed April 20, 1905. 
Linton — WeatJierby, L. A., appointed July 24, 1906. 
Medora — Foley, J. W., appointed April 29, 1904. 
Minot — Bird, John A., appointed December 12, 1906. 
Mott — Stone, Geo. H., appointed December 12, 1906. 
Mott — Lytle, Robert D., appointed November 13, 1906. 
Napoleon — Bryant, Geo. A., appointed May 30, 1906. 
Napoleon — McKenna, Geo. M., appointed October 7, 1903. 
Pembina — Conmy, E. W., appointed November 14, 1906. 
Rugby — Crocket, Seldon, appointed January 29, 1905. 



xii LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Rugby — Torson, L. N., appointed May 1, 1903. 
Rolla — Packard, Wm. D., appointed January 7, 1907. 
Sykeston — Covel, A. G., appointed April 1, 1906. 
Steele — Stanley, Charles H., appointed August 9, 1906. 
Stanton — Van Benschoten, H. L., appointed October 3, 1908. 
Stillwater — Sheldon, Shepard L., appointed December 22, 1906. 
Towner — Pendroy, Levi B., appointed January 81, 1906. 
Towner — Holmes, Henry A., appointed December 17, 1906. 
Washburn — ^.Tohnson, Aug. E., appointed April 29, 1903. 
Washburn— Nuessle, Wm. L., appointed October 30, 1906. 

REFEREES IN BANKRUPTCY. 

Guy L. Wallace, Fargo. 

H. L. Whithed, Grand Forks. 

John H. Lewis, Minot. ^ 

TERMS OF SUPREME AND U. S. COURTS. 

Supreme Court — March term; Fourth Tuesday in March at Fargo, 
and fourth Tuesday in A-pril at Bismarck. September term: Third 
Tuesday in September at Grand Forks, and third Tuesday in October 
at Bismarck. 

United States Court — At Bismarck, first Tuesday in March; Devils 
Lake, first Tuesday in July; Fargo, third Tuesday in May; Grand 
Forks, second Tuesday in November; Minot, second Tuesday in October. 

UNITED STATES LAND OFFICERS. 

Bismarck — ^M. H. Jewell, Register; John Satterlund, Receiver. 
Devils Lake — M. H. Brennan, Register; F. W. Cockburn, Receiver. 
Dickinson — S. M. Ferris, Register; W. A. McClure, Receiver. 
Fargo — C. C. Schuyler, Register, J. J. Jordan, Receiver. 
Minot — L. D. McGahan, Register; Robert Gorman, Receiver. 
Williston— Geo. W. Wilson,^ Register; V. H. Chaffee, Receiver. 

U. S. WEATHER BUREAU. 
O. W. Roberts, director, Bismarck, N. D. 

STATE WEATHER AND CROP SERVICE. 
O. W. Roberts, director, Bismarck, N. D.; John Grover, chief clerk. 

TRUSTEES AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE, FARGO. 

Clark W. Kelly, Devils Lake, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1911. 
James Radford, Warren, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 
H. R. Hartman, Page, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 
George Hollister, Fargo, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 
N. D. Nelson, Mayvile, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 
Byron N. Stone, LaMoure, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 
L. M. Wallin, Washburn, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

GRAIN COMMISSION BOARD. 

Term as provided by law. 

Stephen A. Nye, Vallev City. 
A. R. Thompson, Rolla. 
E. D. Washburn, HoT^e. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA xiii 



1911. 



TRUSTEES NORTH DAKOTA BLIND ASYLUM. 

John Childerhose, St. Thomas, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruary, 1911. . , ,, . . T^ . 

H. C. Thompson, Bowesmont, term expires third Monday in Feb- 
ruary, 1911. 

Alexander Morrison, Bathgate, term expires third Monday m 
February, 1911. ' . ^ - 

Gunder Olson, Grafton, term expires third Monday in February, 
1909. 

Ole O. Rudrud, Hillsboro, term expires third Monday in February, 
1909. 

TRUSTEES SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB, ^DEVILS 

LAKE. 

A. J. F. Voigt, Leeds, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 

Chas. M. Fisher, Devils Lake, term expires first Tuesday in April, 

11. 

M. F. Falahy, Cando, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

A. E. Hodgkinson, Devils Lake, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1909. 
. L. A. Larson, Rugby, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

TRUSTEES INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL, ELLENDALE. 

Richard McCarten, Cogswell, term expires third Monday in February, 
1911. 

Wesley C. McDowell, Marion, term expires third Monday in February, 
1911. 

Walter C. Taylor, LaMoure, term expires third Monday in February, 
1911. 

H. C. McCartney, Oakes, term, expires third Monday in February, 
1909. 

E. F. Bodle, Ellendale, term expires third Monday in February, 1909. 

TRUSTEES HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE, JAMESTOWN. 

M. A. Hildreth, Fargo, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 
John B. Fried, Jamestown, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 
H. J. Mitchell, New Rockford, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
]9]1. 

Harry Cornwall, Eldridge, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 
James Grady, Valley City, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

BOARD OF MANAGEMENT NORMAL SCHOOL, MAYVILLE. 

Samuel Torgerson, Grand Forks, term expires second Tuesday in 
April, 1911. 

M. B. Cassell. Hope, term expires second Tuesday in April, 1911. 
. Chas. F. Studness, Churchs Ferry, term expires second Tuesday in 
April, 1911. 

& h ^,'^^"» Mayville, term expires second Tuesday in April, 1909. 
H. M. Scholberg, Minot, term expires second Tuesday in April, 1909. 

BOARD OF MANAGEMENT NORMAL SCHOOL. VALLEY CITY. 
E. R. Brownson, Williston, term expires second Tuesday in April, 
John Severn, Jamestown, term expires second Tuesday in April, 

X t7 X i • 

E. A. Pray, Valley City, term expires second Tuesday in April, 1909. 
C. W. Paulson. Fingal, term expires second Tuesday in April, 1909. 
Walter R. Reed, Amenia, term expires second Tuesday in April, 1909. 



xiv LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

TRUSTEES STATE PENITENTIARY, BISMARCK. 

Thomas Conyers, Cando, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 

August H. Hoefs, Hankinson, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1911. 

Michael Murphy, Jamestown, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1909. 

W. J. Westergaard, Valley City, first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

C. D. Edick, Bismarck, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

TRUSTEES STATE REFORM SCHOOL, MANDAN. 

Fred F. Fritz, Towner, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 
Christian Bertsch, Jr., Bismarck, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1911. 

M. F. Minnehan, Garrison, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

C. A. Heegaard, Mandan, term epxires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 
V. H. Stickney, Dickinson, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

TRUSTEES SOLDIERS* HOME, LISBON. 

D. F. Siegfried, Sanborn, term expires April 2, 1911. 
O. F. Sperry, Lisbon, term expires April 2, 1911. 

R. H. Hankinson, Hankinson, term expires April 1, 1909. 

Steen Hansen. Buttzville, term expires April 1, 1909. 

Sylvester J. Hill, Fargo, Department Commander G. A. R. , ex-officio. 

TRUSTEES STATE UNIVERSITY, GRAND FORKS. 

. James V. Brooke, Cando, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 

H. T. Heleesen, Milton, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

J. G. Gunderson, Aneta, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

M. F. Murphy, Grand Forks, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1909. 

N. C. Young, Fargo, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

DIRECTORS SCHOOL OF FORESTRY, BOTTINEAU. 

A. R-. McKay, Bottineau, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 
Frank Peltier, Thorn, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 
M. H. O'Hara, Kenmare, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

TRUSTEES INSTITUTION FOR FEEBLE MINDED, GRAFTON. 

C. I. Christensen, Park River, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1911. 

E. Gray, Grafton, term expires first Tuesday in April. 1911. 
^ C. Treuman, Grafton, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 
M. F. Hegge, Hatton, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 
Grant S. Hager, St. Thomas, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 



k 



TRUSTEES ACADEMY OF SCIENCE, AVAHPETON. 

Geo. E. Wallace, Wahpeton, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 
John B. Wagner, Lidgerwood, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1911. 

Charles Quinn, Wahpeton, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 
W. D. Gillespie, Ray, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 
James E. Hill, Erie, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

STATE BOARD OF VETERINARY MEDICAL EXAMINERS. 

S. P. Smith, Cando, term expires October 7, 1910. 
F. L. Cusack, Carrington, term expires April 10, 1908. 
J. F. Sylvester, Langdon, term expires June 9, 1909. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



XV 



STATE BOARD OF PHARMACY. 

Walter Master, Willow City, term expires April 5, 1912. 
H. L. Haussamen, Grafton, term expires August 5, 1908. 
W. S. Parker, Lisbon, term expires July 16, 1909. 
H. H. Bateman, Cooperstown, term expires April 5, 1,911. 
J. M. S. Wilser, Fargo, term expires August 19, 1907. 

STATE BOARD OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS. 

J. P. Aylen, Sheldon, term expires June 21, 1909. 

G. A. Carpenter, Fargo, term expires December 14, 1908. 

H. M. Wheeler, Grand Forks, term expires December 14, 1908. 

F. R. Smyth, Bismarck, term expires December 14. 1908. 

H. J. Kowe, Casselton, term expires December 30, 1907. 

Lee Combs, Valley City, term expires June 2, 1907. 

H. G. Woutat, Grand Forks, term expires July 11, 1909. 

F. J. Campbell, Fargo, term expires December 17, 1908. 

W. F. Hobart, Dickey, term expires January 15, 1907. 

STATE BOARD OF DENTAL EXAMINERS. 

W. J. Brownlee, Devils Lake, term expires March 20, 1912. 

F. C. Sweet, Minot, term expires April 26, 1909. 

Geo. T. McDonald, Jamestown, term expires April 1, 1908. 

H. L. Starling, Fargo, term expires March 27, 1911. 

F. W. Chandler, Valley City, term expires March 1, 1910. 

STATE BOARD OF HEALTH. 

T. F. McCue, attorney general, president ex-officio. 

Chas. E. Bennett, Aneta, vice president, term expires first Tuesday 
in April, 1909. 

J. Grassick, Grand Forks, superintendent of public health, term ex- 
pires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

STATE BOARD OF EMBALMERS. 

E. F. Gilbert, Casselton, term expires July 1, 1909. 
H. C. Flint, Jamestown, term expires July 1, 1908; 
J. W. Maxwell, Walhalla, term expires July 1, 1907. 

OPTOMETRY BOARD. 

E. P. Sundberg, Fargo, term expires July 1, 1909. 
W. R. Blakely, Grafton, term expires July 1, 1909. 
E. A. Nelson, Maxbass, term expires July 1, 1909. 
J. M. Ness, Wahpeton, term expires July 1, 1909. 
A. O. Wold, Langdon, term expires July 1, 1909. 

WHITESTONE HILLS COMMISSION. 

Theodore Northrop, Monango, term expires July 1, 1907. 
A. F. Eaton, Oakes, term expires July 1, 1907. 
E. R. Kennedy, Ludden, term expires July 1, 1907. 

STATE LIVE STOGK SANITARY BOARD. * 

Dugald Campbell, Kintjrre, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1912. 

W. L. Richards, Dickinson, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1911. 

.Andrew Vtitch, Grand Forks, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1908. 

E. J. Walsh, Willow City, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1910. 

J. W. Robinson, Coal Harbor, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1909. 

Executive Officer, W. F. Crewe, Devils Lake. 

STATE BOARD OF BARBER EXAMINERS. 

Chas. Elsberry, Rolla, term expires July 1, 1909. 

Edward Richardson, Devils Lake, term expires July 1, 1909. 

J. L. Hooker, Fargo, term expires July 1, 1908. 



#, 



xvi LF.r.TSLATIVE UAfWAL 

STATE BOARD OF PARDONS. 

John Burke, governor, ex officio. 

D. E. Morgan, chief justice, ex officio. 

T. F. McCue, attorney general, ex officio. 

Charles Wing, Carrington, term expires, first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

W. A. FWkerson, Devils Lake, term expires first Tuesday in April, 
1909. 

Regular meetings of state board of pardons, second days of June 
and December in each year. 

DISTRICT GAME WARDENS. 

First District— W. N. Smith, Grafton, term expires first Tuesday in 
April, 1909. 

Second District — Olaf Bjorke, Abercrombie, term expires first Tues- 
day in April, 1909. , 

DIRECTORS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS. 

J. F. Brodie, Dickinson, term expires March 2, 1909. 
John Bruegger, Williston, term expires April 8, 1909. 

STATE LIBRArY COMMISSION. 

Frank J. Thompson, Fargo, president state library association, ex 
officio. 
Walter L. Stockwell, superintendent of public instruction, ex officio. 
Mrs. Minnie C. Budlong, Bismarck, term expires April 1, 1909. 

STATE EXAMINER. 
Oliver Knudson, Michigan, term expires March 21, 1909. 

STATE INSPECTOR OF OILS. 
Frank A. Willson, Bathgate, term expires first Tuesday in April, 1909. 

STATE IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE DEPARTMENT. 
T. R. Atkinson, engineer, Bismarck; term expires March 1, 1909, 

OFFICIAL ESTRAY PAPER. 
Griggs County Sentinel, Cooperstown, N. D. 

STATE MILITIA. 

John Burke, governor, commander-in-chief ex officio. 
Thomas H. Poole, adjutant general, Bismarck. 

STATE BANKING BOARD. 

John Burke, governor. 

Alfred* Blaisdell, secretary of state. 

T. F. McCue, attorney general. 

O. A. Knudson, state examiner, secretary ex officio. 

STATE AUDITING BOARD. 

John Burke, governor. 

H. L. Holmes, state auditor. 

T. F. McCue, attorney general. 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF PUBLIC PROPERTY. 

John' Burke, governor. 

Alfred Blaisdell, secretary of state. 

H. L. Holmes, state auditor. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA xvii 

STATE BOARD OF CANVASSERS. 

R. D. Hoskins, clerk supreme court. 

Alfred Blaisdell. secretary of state. 

Chairman Republican State Central Committee. 

Chairman Democratic State Central Committee. 

W. L. Stockwell, superintendent of public instruction. 

STATE BOARD OF AUDITORS. 

Alfred . Blaisdell, secretary of state. 
H. L. Holmes, state auditor.* 
T. F. McCue, attorney general. 

COMMISSIONERS OF PUBLIC PRINTING. 

Alfred Blaisdell, secietary of state. 
H. L. Holmes, state auditor. 
Albert Peterson, state treasurer. 
George Weatherhead, clerk. 

STATE EMERGENCY COMMISSION. 

John Burke, governor. 

Alfred Blaisdell, secretary of state. 

H. L. Holmes, state auditor. 

STATE BOARD OF EQUALIZATION. 

John Burke, governor; H. L. Holmes, state auditor; Albert Peter- 
son, state treasurer; i. F. McCue, attorney general; W. C. Gilbreath, 
commissioner of agriculture and labor. Sessions of board begin on 
first Tuesday in August in each year. 

BOARD OF BAR EXAMINERS. 

Emerson H. Smith, Fargo, term expires February 18, 1909. 

M. H. Brennan, Devils Lake, term expires February 18, 1911. 

A. A. Bruce, Grand Forks, term expires February 18, 1913. 

R. D. Hoskins, clerk supreme court, Bismarck, ex-officio secretary 
and treasurer. 

Regular examinations held in Grand Forks the first Tuesday in 
June and in Fargo the first Tuesday in December. 



BAR ASSOCIATION OF NORTH DAKOTA. 

H. A. Libby, Park River, president, 
ohn Carmody, Hillsboro, vice president. 
. H. Thomas, Leeds', secretary treasurer. 

STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



^ 



Officers of Society: President, C F. Amidon, Fargo; vice presidentr 
M. H. Jewell, Bismarck; secretary, O. G. Libby, University; treas- 
urer, J. L. Cashel, Grafton; field officer, E. R. Steinbrueck, Bismarck; 
curator, H. C. Fish, Bismarck. 

Directors: William H. White, Fargo; J. D. Taylor, Grand Forks; 
George B. Winship, Grand Forks; C. B, Little, Bismarck; F. A. Ward- 
well, Pembina; C. F. Amidon, Fargo; C. J. Fisk, Grand Forks; Alfred 
Blaisdell, Minot; governor, auditor, secretary of state, superintend- 
ent of public instruction and commissioner of agriculture and labor, 
ex officio. 

Terms of all directors, save ex officio members, expire March 31, 
1909. 



XVlll 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



EDUCATIONAL DIRECTORY. 

Superintendent of Public Instruction— Walter L. Stockwell; deputy, 
Edwin T Tavlor 

University of North Dakota, Grand Forks; established 1883; opened 
1884; Webster Merriheld, president. 

Agricultural College, Fargo; established 1890; opened 1890; John 
H. Worst, president. 

Normal School, Valley City; established 1890; opened 1893; George 
A. McFarland, principal. 

Normal School, Mayville; established 1890; opened 1893; Thomas A. 
Hillyer, principal. * 

State Normal and Industrial School, Ellendale; established 1890; 
opened 1899; Wm. M. Kean, president. 

Academy of Science, Wahpeton; established 1890; opened 1903; 
Earl G. Burch, president. 

School for Deaf and Dumb at Devils Lake; established 1890; opened 
1890; Dwight F. Bangs, president. 

. Reform School, Mandan; established 1890; opened 1902; J. W. 
Brown, superintendent. „ ,, 

School of Forestry, Bottineau; J. E. Kemp, president. 

High School Board — All members ex officio — John Burke, governor; 
W. L. Stockwell, superintendent of public instruction; Webster Mer- 
rifield, president University of North Dakota. 

Board of University and School Lands — All members ex officio — 
President, John Burke, governor; vice president, Alfred Blaisdell, sec- 
retary of state; secretary, W. L. Stockwell, superintendent public in- 
struction; H. L. Holmes, state auditor; T. F. McCue, attorney general. 

Land Commissioner — O. I. Hegge. 

5TATE PENAL AND CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS AND 

EXECUTIVE HEADS. 

State Penitentiary, Bismarck — F. O. Hellstrom, Warden. 

State Institution for Feeble Minded, Grafton— Dr. H. A. LaMoure, 
superintendent. x t> ^ 

estate Hospital for the Insane, Jamestown — L. B. Baldwin, superin- 
tendent. ^ . _ , , . 

State Blind Asylum, Bathgate — In course of completion; not yet 

opened. 

STATE CAPITOL. 
Capitol Building — D. M. Slattery, superintendent, Bismarck." 



STATK OF NORTH DAKOTA xix 



PARTY ORGANIZATION. 



Republican. 

National Committeeman — Alex. McKenzie, Bismarck. 

REPUBLICAN STATE CENTRAL COMMITTEE. 

L. B. HANNA, Chairman, Fargo." 
M. H. JEWELL, Secretary, Bismarck. 

MEMBERS. 

1. August Short, Pembina. 

2. Ed. Strong, Cavalier. 

3. Karl J. Farup, Park River. 

4. Gunder Olson, Grafton. 

5. John W. Scott, Gilby. 

6. Leslie Stinson, Grand Forks. 

7. J. H. Bosard, Grand Forks. 

8. Ole Arnegard, Hillsboro. 

9. H. R. Turner, Fargo. 

10. J. F. Callahan, Casselton. 

11. F. S. Talcott, Buffalo. 

12. J. F. Shea, Wahpeton. 

13. D. J. McKenzie, Forman. 

14. James P. Aylen, Sheldon. 

15. Chas. F. Mudgett, Valley City. 

16. E. M. Jackson, Binford. 

17. Peter Jorgenson, Lakota. 

18. Chas. Hunter, Langdon. 

19. W. A. Duncan, Rolla. 

20. Anton Hanson, eeds. 

21. W. M. Anderson, Devils Lake. 

22. C. J. Lord, Cando. 

23. Oscar J. Seiler, Jamestown. 

24. J. B. Sharpe, Kulm. 

55. H. C. McCartney, Oakes. 

26. L. C. Pettibone, Dawson. 

27. N. F Boucher, Bismarck. 

28. Matt Johnson, Omemee. 

29. Joseph Roach, Minot. 

30. A. E. Thorberg, Mandan. 

31. A. C. McGillivray, Dickinson. 

32. Herb Peabody, Carrington. ^ 

33. C. V. Brown, Cathay. 

34. James Mclntyre, Bantry. 

35. E. S. Neal, Garrison. ' 

36. C. L. Merrick, Napoleon. 

37. R. H. Hankinson, Hankinson. 

38. L. C. Bordwell, Litchville. 

39. N. D. Nelson, Mayville. 

40. Ellen Ellenson, Osnabrock. 
At large — L. B. Hanna, Fargo. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE— L. B. Hanna, chairman; O. J. Seiler, 
vice chairman; J. W. Foley, secretary, Bismarck; J. H. IBosardi Grand 
Forks; C. J. Lord, Cando; J. F. Callahan, Casselton; J. F. Shea, Wah- 
peton; O. J. Seiler, Jamestown; N. F. Boucher, Bismarck; Gunder 
Olson, Grafton; James Mclntyre, Bantry. 



XX LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Democratic. 

National Committeeman — H. D. Allert, Langdon, N. D. 

DEMOCRATIC STATE CENTRAL COMMITTEE. 

J. L. CASHEL, Chairman, Grafton. 

C. A. " McCANN, Secretary, Grand Forks. 

S. TORGERSON, Treasurer, Grand Forks. 

MEMBERS. 

1. F. A. Willson, Bathgate. 

2. M. Brynjolfson. Cavalier. 

3. J. D. Robertson, Park River. 

4. J. W. Boeing, Minto. 

5. David Gorman, McCanna. 

6. John Vallely, Grand Forks. 

7. D. M. Holmes, Grand Forks. 

8. Ben Lavalley, Reynolds. 

9. F. O. Hellstrom, Fargo. 

10. Louis A. Taubert, Cassclton. 

11. Martin Larson, Wheatland. 

12. M. N. Early, Wahpeton. 

13. Jens Pederson, Milnor. 

14. M. L. Engle, Lisbon. 

15. L. S. Plateou, Valley City. 

16. Oscar Greenland, Bin ford. 

16. Geo. A. Luce, Hope. 

17. James P. Lamb, Michigan City. 

18. H. D. Allert, Langdon. 

19. Marion Edwards, Rolette. 

20. E. B. Page, Leeds. 

21. . W. A. Fulkerson, Churchs Ferry. 

22. Thomas W. Conyers, Cando. 

23. M. P. Morris, Jamestown. 

24. Wesley C. McDowell, Marion. 

25. Ed. N. Leiby, Ellendale. 

26. W. L. Yeater, Hazelton. 

27. P. E. Byrne, Bismarck. 

28. William Collins, Bottineau. 

29. R. B. Cox, Bowbells. 

30. John Bruegger, Williston. 

30. T. C. Kennellv, Mandan. 
31r. W. G. Lang, Yule. 

31. Frank Lish, Dickinson. | 

32. H. J. Mitchell, New Rockford. 

33. S. j. Doyle, Carrington. 

33. Dr. I. D. Clarke, Harvey. 

34. Fred L. Ely, Rugby. 

34. H. A. Holmes. Towner. 

35. Chas. T. Smith, Sanger. 

36. E. C. Hicks, Dore. 

37. M. A. Wipperman. Hankinson. 
• 38. Charles Pollock. Finjral. 

39. E. P. Totten, Mayville. 

40. Gustave Brekke, Cavalier. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE— L L. Cashel, chairman; J. P. Lamb, 
Frank Willson, Thos. W. Conyers, F. O. Hellstrom, D. H. Holmes, 
E. P. Totten, W. A. Fulkerson, J. W. Boeing, John Vallely. 



i 



STATE OK NORTH DAKOTA xxi 

■ ■ ■ ■ ■ I ■ ■ ^-^— ^™ I I ■■■■Mi-» ■■■■j.iil I 11 I 11^ -i._._.»l ■ ■■■■ m^^^^ ■ t 

Republican National Committee, 1904-1908. 

GEORGET B. CORTELYOU, New York, Chairman. 
HARRY S. NEW, Indiana, Vice Chairman. 
ELMER XMDVER, Ohio, Secretary. 
CORNELIUS N. BLISS, New York, Treasurer. * 

MEMBERS. 

Chas. H. Scott, Montgomery, Ala. 
Powell Clayton, Eureka Springs, Ark. 
Geo. A. Knight, San Francisco, Cal. 
A. M. Stevenson, Denver, Col. 
Charles F. Brooker, Ansonia, Conn. 
John Edwards Addicks, Wilminj?ton , Del. 
J. N. Coombs, Apalachicola, Fla. 
Judson W. Lyons, Augusta, Ga. 
W. B. Heyburn, Wallace, Idaho. 
Frank O. Lowden, Chicago, Ills. 
Harry S. New, Indianapolis, Ind. 
Ernest E. Hart, Council Bluffs, la. 
David W. Mulvane, Topeka, Kan. 
John W. Yerkes, Danville, Ky. 
John F. Hill, Augusta, Me. 
S. A. Williams, Baltimore, Md. 
W. Murray Crane, Dalton, Mass. 
John W. Blodgett, Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Frank B. Kellogg, St. Paul, Minn. 
L. B. Moseley, Jackson, Miss. 
Thomas J. Akins, St. Louis, Mo. 
John D. Waite, Lewistown, Mont. 
Chas. H. Morrill, Lincoln, Neb. 
Patrick L. Flanigan, Reno, Nev. 
Frank S. Streeter, Concord, N. H. 
Franklin Murphy, Newark, N. T. 
Wm. L. Ward, Port Chester, N. Y. 
E. C. Duncan, Raleigh, N. C. 
Alexander McKenzie, Bismarck, -N. D. 
Myrqji T. Herrick, Cleveland, O. 
Chas. H. Carey, Portland, Ore. 
Boise Penrose, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Charles R. Brayton, Providence, R. I. 
John G. Capers, Charleston, S. C. 
J. M. Greene, Chamberlain, S. D. 
Walter P. Brownlow, Jonesboro, Tenn. 
Cecil A. Lyon, Sherman, Tex. 
C. E. Loose, Provo, Utah. 
James W. Brock, Montpelier, Vt. 
George E. Bowden, Norfolk, Va. 
Levi Ankeny, Walla Walla, Wash. 
N. B. Scott, Wheeling, W. Va. 
Joseph P. Babcock, Necedah, Wis. 
Geo. E. Pexton, Evanston, Wyo. . 
John J. Heid, Juneau, Alaska. 
W. D. Sturges, Phoenix, Ariz. 
Solomon Luna, Los Lunas, N. M. 
C. M. Cade, Shawnee, Okla. * 

P. L. Soper, Vinita, I. T. 
Robert Reyburn, Washington, D. C. 
A. G. M. Robertson, Honolulu, H. T. 
R. H. Todd, San Juan, P. R. 
Henry B. McCoy, Philippine Islands. 
Pearl Wright, New Orleans, La. 



^X" LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Democratic National Committee, 1904-1908. 

EDWIN SEFTON, Assistant Secretary. 

MEMBERS. 

Srn-y I^Vx^^y^o"' Eufaula, Ala. 
Wilham H. Martin, Hot Springs, Ark. 
tXk 't^^^P^X' San Francisco, Cal. 
John L Mullms, Denver, Col. 

r/'?^^^,^ Cummings, Stamford, Conn. 
Kichard R. Kenney, Dover, Del. 
Jefferson B. Browne, Key West, Fla. 
Clark Howell, Atlanta, Ga. 
bimon P. Donnelly, Lake View. Idaho. 
Roger C. Sullivan, Chicago, Ills. 
1 nomas Taggart, Indianapolis < Ind. 
TTif^^lr \ ^^'«h' Ottumwa, Iowa. 
TT ii; At wood, Leavenworth, Kan. 
Urey Woodson, Owensboro, Ky. 
^- C. Blanchard, Shreveport, La. 
George E. Hughes. Bath. Me. 
{j;.,,yictor Baughman. Frederick, Md. 
WUIiatn A Gaston, Boston, Mass. 
T^^%^ vl- Campau, Detroit, Mich. 
n t ■SV^®^"' Duluth, Minn. 
w A ^»"»ams, Yazoo City, Miss. 
W. A. Roth well, Moberly, Mo. 
L-has. W. Hoffman, Bozeman. Mont. 
James C. Dahlman, Omaha, Neb. 
John H. Dennis, Reno, Nev. 
Ax/^f- ^- 5°''"s, Portsmouth, N. H. 
William B. Gourley, Patterson, N. J. 
.Norman E. Mack, Buffalo, N. Y. 
.fosephus Daniels, Raleigh. N. C. 
H. D. Allert. Langdon, N. D. 
lorn L. Johnson. Cleveland, O. 
T ?r'^i V. Holman. Portland, Ore. 
J- M. Guffel, Pittsburg. Pa. 

^^°^S^ n5y- Greene. Woonsocket, R. I. 
^. R. Tillman, Trenton, S. C. 
^- ^>. Tohnson, Armour, S. D. 
K. E. L. Mountcastle, Knoxville, Tenn. 
«• M. Johnston, Houston, Tex. 
D. H. Peery, Salt Lake, Utah. 
Bradley B. Smalley, Burlington, Vt. 
J. Taylor Ellyson, Richmond, Va. 
John Y. Terry, Seattle. Wash. 
John T. McGraw, Gratton, W. Va. 
Timothy E. Ryan, Waukesha, Wis. 
John E. Osborne, Rawlings, Wyo. 
Arthur K. Dalany, Juneau, Alaska. 
Ben M. Crawford, Clifton, Ariz. 
James L. Norris, Washington, D. C. 
Palmer P. Woods, Mahukoma, H. L 
R. L. Williams, Durant, L T. 
H. B. Ferguson, Albuquerque, N. M. 
Richard A. Billups, Cordell, Okla. 
O. M. Field, Guayama, P. R. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA xxiii 



Prohibition National Committee, 1907-1908. 

CHARLES R. JONES, Chairman. Evanston, Ills. 
W. G. WOLFENBARGER, Vice^ Chairman, Lincoln, Neb. 
W. G. CALDERWOOD, Secretary, Minneapolis, Minn. 
FELIX T. M'WHIRTER, Treasurer, Indianapolis, Ind. 

People's Part/ National Committee, 1907-1908. 

JAMES H. FERRISS, Chairman, Joliet, Ills. 
W. S. MORGAN, Vice Chairman, Hardy, Ark. 
CHARLES Q. DeFRANCE, Secretary, Lincoln, Neb. 
GEORGE F. WASHBURN, Treasurer, Boston, ^Mass. 

Socialist Labor Part/ National Committee, 1907-1908. 

FRANK BOHN, Secretary, 2-6 New Reade St., New York, N. Y. 

Socialist Part/ National Committee, 1907-1908. 

J. MAHLON BARNES. Secretary Chicago, Ills. 



xxiv LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



OFFICIALS IN NEW COUNTIES. 



List of Officers Appointed for the New Counties of 
Adams, Bowman and Hettinger. 

ADAMS COUNTY ORGANIZED AI^RIL 17, 1907. 

Amos A. Jfackson, New England, Commissioner. 

George Beiccgel, Leipzig, Commissioner. 

George E. Lemmon, New England, Commissioner. 

G. Lansing Hurd, Hettinger, auditor. ^ 

Edward C. Barry, Hettinger, sheriff. 

O. B. Severson, Hettinger, treasurer. 

Otto A. Jacobson, Wolf Butte, register of deeds. 

Arthur A. Brundage, Hettinger, clerk district court. 

Frederick Davis, Wolf Butte, superintendent of schools. 

P. D. Norton, Hettinger, states attorney. 

Jacob Sonderall, Hettinger, county judge. 

Henry Bartz, Wolf Butte, justice of the peace. 

F. B. Strauss, Glen Ullin, coroner. 

BOWMAN COUNTY, ORGANIZED JUNE 11, 1907. 

H. A. Lombard, Stillwater, county commissioner. 

Wm. Hamilton, Bowman, county commissioner. 

John Quam, Bowman, commissioner. 

O. Boyeson, Bowman, judge county court. 

Obert A. Olson, Bowman, auditor. 

C. A. McCann, Bowman, clerk of court. 

Dugald Stewart, Bowman, treasurer. 

J. L. Hughes, Bowman, register of deeds. 

F. R. Paige, Bowman, sheriff. 

Wm. Atkinson, Atkinson, justice. 

E. P. Totten, Bowman, states attorney. 

Prof. Potter, Bowman, superintendent of schools. 

C. C. Mills, Bowman, county surveyor. 

Wm. C. Sager, Bowman, justice of the peace. 

Richard Jackson, Bowman, justice. 

C. W. Hansen, Stillwater, justice. 

— . Ludwick, Bowman, constable. 

John Rederstrom, Bowman, constable. 

John Finnegan, Bowman, constable. 

HETTINGER COUNTY, ORGANIZED APRIL 17, 1907. 

Chas. S. Aunger, Mott, commissioner. 

Geo. W. Bysom, Mott, commissioner. 

Gustaf Grosz, Mott, commissioner. 

Robert D. Beery, Mott, auditor. 

Henry Barry, Mott, sheriff. 

Jacob Barth, Jr., Mott, treasurer. 

Geo. Lewis Ross, Mott, clerk of district court. 

W. B. Morris, Howser, register of deeds. 

Fred S. Dewey, Mott, county judge. 

Geo. A. Stone, Mott, states attorney. 

Geo.» A. Mausey, Mott, coroner. 

Herschel James, Mott, superintendent of schools. 

A. M. Bannon, Mott, public administrator. 

Jno. G. Willkom, Mott, justice of the peace. 

Wm. Colgrove, Mott, justice of the peace. 

L. S. Robertson, Mott, justice of the peace. 

Presley Switzer, Horswill, justice of the peace. 

Ed. Drecan, Horswill, justice of the peace. 

Jno. B. Slosson, Mott, justice of the peace. 

George Cass, Horswill, constable. 

Wm. M. Armitage, Mott, constable. 

L. N. Starks, Mott, constable. 

W. S. Ensley, Mott, constable. 

W. F. Batty, Mott, constable. 



MAGNA CHARTA 



THE GREAT CHARTER OF LIBERTIES OF 

KING JOHN. 

Granted at Runnymede, June 15, A. D. 1215, in thb 
Seventeenth Year of His Reign. 

John, by the grace of God King of England, Lord of Ire- 
land, Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine, and Count of Anjou, 
to his Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots, Earls, Barons, Justi- 
ciaries, Foresters, Sheriffs, Governors, Officers and to all 
Bailiffs, and his lieges, greeting. Know ye, that we, in the 
presence of God, and for the salvation of our soul, and the 
souls of all our ancestors and heirs, and unto the honour of 
God and the advancement of Holy Church, and amendment 
of our Realm, by advice of our venerable Fathers, Stephen, 
Archbishop of Canterbury, Primate of all England, and Car- 
dinal of the Holy Roman Church, Henry, Archbishop of 
Dublin, William of London, Peter of Winchester, Jocelin 
of Bath and Glastonbury, Hugh of Lincoln, Walter of 
Worcester, William of Coventry, Benedict of Rochester, 
Bishops; of Master Pandulph, Sub-Deacon and Familiar of 
our Lord the Pope, Brother Ajrmeric, Master of the Knights 
Templars in England; and of the Noble Persons, William 
Marescall, Earl of Pembroke, William, Earl of Salisbury, 
William, Earl of Warren, William, Earl of Arundel, Alan 
de Galloway, Constable of Scotland, Warin Fitz Gerald, 
Peter Fitz Herbert, and Hubert De Burgh, Seneschal of 
Poitou, Hugh de Neville, Matthew Fitz Herbert, Thomas 
Basset, Allan Basset, Philip of Albtiney, Robert de Roppell, 
John Mareschal, John Fitz Hugh, and others our liegemen 
have, in the first place, granted to God, and by this our 
present Chan-ter confirmed, for us and our heir forever: 

1. That the Church of England shall be free, and have 
her whole rights, and her liberties inviolable; and we will 
have them so observed, that it may appear thence, that the 
freedom of elections, which is reckoned chief and indispesa- 
ble to the English Church, and which we granted and con- 
firmed by our Charter, and obtained the conformation of the 
same from our Lord the Pope Innocent III., before the dis- 
cord between us and our barons, was granted of mere free 
will; which charter we shall observe, and we will do it to 
be faithfully observed by our heirs forever. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



2. We also have granted to all the freemen of our king- 
dom, for us and for our heirs forever, all the underwritten 
liberties, to be had and holden by them and their heirs, of 
us and our heirs forever; if any of our earls, or barons or 
others, who hold of us in chief by military service, shall die, 
and at the time of his death his heir shall be of full age, and 
owes a relief, he shall have his inheritance by the ancient 
relief; that is to say the heir or heirs of an earl, for a whole 
earldom, by a hundred pounds; the heir or heirs of a baron, 
for a whole barony, by a hundred pounds; the heir or heirs 
of a knight, for a whole knights fee, by a hundred shillings 
at most; and whoever oweth less shall give less according 
to the ancient custom of fees. 

3. But if the heir of any such shall be under age, and 
shall be in ward when he comes of age, he shall have his 
inheritance without relief and without fine. 

4. The keeper of the land of such an heir being under age, 
shall take of the land of the heir none but reasonable issue, 
reasonable customs and reasonable services, and that with- 
out destruction and waste of his men and his goods; and if 
we commit the custody of any such lands to the sheriff, or 
any other who is answerable to us for the issues of the land, 
and he shall make destruction and waste of the lands which 
he hath in custody, we will take of him amends, and the 
lands shall be committed to two lawful and discreet men of 
that fee, who shall answer for the issues to us, or to him 
to whom we shall assign them ; and if we sell or give to any- 
one the custody of any such lands, and he therein make de- 
struction or waste, he shall lose the same custody which 
shall be committed to the lawful and discreet men of that 
fee, who shall in like manner answer to us as aforesaid. 

5. But the keeper, so long as he shall have custody of 
the land, shall keep up the houses, parts, warrens, ponds, 
mills, and other things pertaining to the land, out of the 
issues of the same land; and shall deliver to the heir, when 
he comes of full age, his whole land, stock with plows and 
carriages, according as the time of wainage sihall require, 
and the issues of the land can reasonably bear. 

6. Heirs shall be married without disparagement, and so 
that before matrimony shall be contracted those who are near 
in blood to the heir shall have notice. 

7. A widow, after the death of her husband, shall forth- 
with and without difficulty have her marriage and inherit- 
ance; nor shall she giv^. anything for her dower, or her 
marriage, or her inhtr^itance, which her husband and she 
held at the day of his death; and she may remain in a man- 
sion house of her husband forty days after his death, within 
which term her dower shall be assigned. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



8. No widow shall be dis-trained to marry herself so long 
as she has a mind to live without a husband ; but yet she shall 
give security that she will not marry without our assent, if 
she holds of us; or without the consent of the lord of whom 
she holds, if she holds of another. 

9. Neither we nor our bailiffs shall seize any land or rent 
for any debt, so long as the chattels of the debtor are suflfi- 
Bient to pay the debt; nor shall the securities of the debtor 
6e distrained so long as t3he principal debtor is sufficient for 
the payment of the debt; and if the princioal debtor shall fail 
in the payment of the debt, not having wherewithal to pay 
it, then the sureties shall answer the debt; and if they will 
they shall have the lands and rents of the debtor until they 
shall be satisfied for the debt which they paid for him un^ 
less the principal debtor can show himself acquitted thereof 
against the said sureties. 

10. If anyone have borrowed anything of the Jews, more 
or less, and die before the debt be satisfied, there shall be no 
interest paid for that debt, so long as the heir is under age, 
of whomsoever he may hold; and if the debt fall into our 
hands we will only take the chattel mentioned in the deed. 

11. And if anyone shall die indebted to the Jews, his wife 
shall have her dower and pay nothing of that debt; and if 
tihe deceased left children under age, they shall have neces- 
saries provided for them, according to the tenement of the 
deceased: and out of the residue of the debt shall be paid, 
saving however the service due to the lords; and in like 
manner shall it be done touching debts due to others than 
the Jews. 

12. No scutage or aid shall be imposed in our kingdom, 
unless by tIhe general council of our kingdom; except for 
ransoming our person, rtiaking our eldest son a knight, and 
once for marrying our eldest daughter; and for these there 
shall be paid a reasonable aid. In like manner it shall be 
concerning the aids of the City of London. 

13. And the City of London shall have all its ancient 
liberties and free customs as well by land as by water; fur- 
thermore we will and grant, that all other cities and bur- 
oughs, and towns and ports, shall have all their liberties 
and free customs. 

14. And for holding the general council of the kingdom 
concerning the assessment of aids, except in the three cases 
aforesaid, and for the assessing of scutages, we shall cause 
to be summoned the archbishops, bishops, abbots, earls and 
greater barons of the realm, singly by our letters. And fur- 
thermore we shall cause to be summoned generally by our 
sheriffs and bailiflFs, all others who hold of us in chief, for a 
certain day, that is to say, forty days before their meeting at 
least, and to certain place; and in all letters of such summons 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



we will declare the cause of such summons. And summons 
being thus made, the business of the day shall proceed on the 
day appointed, according to the advice of such as shall be 
present, although all that were summoned come not. 

15. We will not for the future grant to anyone that he may 
take aid of his own free tenants, unless to ransom his body, 
and to make his eldest son a knight and once to marry his 
eldest daughter; and for this there shall be only paid a rea- 
sonable aid. - 

16. No man shall be distrained to perform more service 
for a knight's fee or other free tenement, than is due from 
thence. 

17. Common pleas shall not follow our court, but shall 
be holden in some place certain. 

18. Assizes of novel disseisen, and of mort d'ancestor, and 
of darien presentment, shall not be taken but in their proper 
counties, and after this manner: We, or, if we should be 
out of the realm, our chief justiciary shall send two justici- 
aries through every county four times a year, who, with four 
knights, chosen ou' of every shire by the people shall hold 
the said assizes, in the county, on the day, and at the place 
appointed. 

19. And if any matters cannot be determined on the day 
appointed for holding the assizes in each county, so many 
of the knights and free holders as have been at the assizes 
aforesaid, shall stay to decide them, as is necessary, ac- 
cording as there is more or less business. 

20. A free man shall not be amerced for a small fault, 
but after the manner of the fault; and for a great crime acr 
cording to the heineousness of it, saving to him his contene- 
ment; and after the same manner a merchant, saving to him 
his merchandise, and a villein shall be amerced after the 
same manner, saving to him his wainage, if he falls under 
our mercy; and none of the aforesaid amerciaments shall be 
assessed but by the oath of honest men in the neighborhood. 

21. Earls and barons shall not be amerced, but by their 
peers, and after the degree of the offense. 

22. No ecclesiastical person shall be amerced for his lay 
tenement, but according to the proportion of others afore, 
said, and not according to the value of his ecclesiastical bene- 
fice. 

23. Neither a town nor any tenant shall be distrained 
to make bridges or banks, unless that anciently and of right 
they are bound* to do it. 

24. No sheriff, constable, coroner, or other our bailiffs, 
shall hold pleas of the Crown. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



25. All counties, hundreds, wapentakes, and tythings, 
shall stand at the old rent, without any increase, except in 

our demesne manors. 

* 

26. If any one holding of us, a lay-fee die, and the sher- 
iflF, or our bailiffs, show our letters patent, of summons for 
debt which the dead man did owe to us, it shall be lawful 
for the sheriff or our bailiff to attach and inroll the chattels 
of the dead, found upon his lay-fee, to the value of the debt 
by the view of lawful men, so as nothing be removed until 
our Whole clear debt be paid; and the rest shall be left to 
the executors to fulfill the testament of the dead, and if there 
be nothing due from him to us,. all the chattels shall go to 
the use of the dead, saving to his- wife and children their 
reasonable shares. 

27. If any freeman shall die intestate, his chattels shall 
be distributed by the hands of his nearest relations and 
friends, by view of the church; saving to every one his debts 
which the deceased owed to him. 

28. No constable or bailiff of ours shall take com or other 
chattels of any man, unless he presently give him money for 
it or hath respite of payment by the good will of the seller. 

29. No constable shall distrain any knight to give money for 
castle guards, if he himself will do it in his person, or by 
another able man in case he cannot do it through any rea- 
sonable cause. And if we lead him, or send him in an army, 
he shall be free from such guards for the time he shall be 
in the army by our command. 

30. No sheriff or bailiff of ours, or any other, shall take 
horses or carts of any free man for carriage, but by the good 
Will of the said free man. 

31. Neither shall we nor our bailiffs take any man's tim- 
ber for our castles or other uses, unless by the consent of 
the owner of the timber. 

32. We shall retain the lands of those convicted of felony 
only one year and a day, and then they shall be delivered to 
the lord of the fee. 

33. All wears for the time to come shall be put down in 
the rivers of Thames and Miedway, and throughout all Eng- 
land, except upon the sea coast. 

34. The writ which is called praecipe, for the future 
shall not be made out to any one, of any tenement, whereby 
a free man may lose his court. 

, 35. There shall be one measure of wine and one of ale 
through our whole realm; and one measure of com, that is 
to say, the London quarter; and one breadth of dyed cloth, 
and russets, and haberjeets, that is to say, two ells within the 
list ; and it shall be of weights as it is of measures. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



36. Nothing from henceforth shall be given or taken for a 
writ of inquisition of life or limb, but it shall be granted freely 
and not denied. 

37. If any do hold of us by fee-farm, or by socage, or by 
burgage, and he holds also lands of any other by knight's . 
service, we will not have the custody of the heir or land, 
which is holden of another man's fee by reason of that fee- 
farm, socage, or burgage; neither will we have the custody 
of such fee- farm, socage, or burgage, except knight's service 
was due to us out of the same fee-farm. We will not have 
the custody of an heir, nor of any land which he holds of 
another by knight's service, by reason of any petty serjeanty 
that holds of us, by the .service of paying a knife, an arrow, 
cr the like. 

38. No bailiff from henceforth shall put any man to his 
law upon his own bear saying j without credible witness td 
prove it. 

■ 39. No free man shall be taken or imprisoned or disseised, 
or outlawed, or banished, or anyways destroyd, nor will we 
pass. upon him, nor will we send upon him, unless by the 
lawful judgment of his peers, or by the law of the land. 

40. We will sell to no man, we will not deny to any man, 
either justice or right. 

41. All merchants shall have safe and secure conduct, to 
go out of, and to come into England and to stay there, and 
to pass as well by land as by water, for buying and selling 
by the ancient and allowed customs, without any evil tolls; 
except in time of war, or when they are of any nation at war 
with us. And if there be found any such in our land, in the 
beginning of the war, they shall be attached, without dam- 
age to their bodies or goods, until it be known unto us or 
our chief justiciary, how our merchants be treated in the 
nation at war with us; and if ours be safe there, the oth- 
ers shall be safe in our dominions. 

42. It shall be lawful, for the time to come, for anyone to 
go out of our kingdom and return safe and securely, by land 
or by water, saving his allegiance to us; unless in time of 
war, by some short space, for the common benefit of the 
realm, except prisoner^ and outlaws according to the laws 
of the land, and people in war with us, and merchants who 
shall be in such condition as is above mentioned. 

43. If any man hold of any escheat, as of the honour of 
Wallingford, Nottingham, Boulogne, Lancaster, or of other 
escheats which be in our hands, and are baronies, and die, 
his heir shall give no other relief, and perform no other serv- 
ice to us, than he would to the baron, if it were in the 
baron's hands; we will hold it after the same manner as the 
baron held it 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



44. Those men who dwelt without the forest from hence- 
forth shall not come before our justiciaries of the forest upon 
common summons, but such as are impleaded or are pledges 
for any that are attached for something concerning the forest. 

45. We will not make any justice, constables, sheriffs, or 
bailiffs but of such as know the law of the realm and mean 
duly to observe it. 

46. All barons who have founded abbeys and have the kings 
of England's charters of advowson or the ancient tenure there- 
of, shall have the keeping of them, when vacant, as they 
ought to have. 

47. All forests that have been made forests in our time, 
shall forthwith be disforested; and the same shall be done 
with the banks that have been fenced in by us in our time. 

48. All evil customs concerning forests, warrens, foresters 
and warreners, sheriffs and their officers, rivers and their 
keepers, shall forthwith be inquired into in each county, by 
twelve sworn knights of the same shire, chosen by creditable 
persons of the same county; and within forty days after the 
said inquest, be utterly abolished, so as never to be restored; 
so as we are first acquainted therewith, or our justiciary, ii 
we should not be in England 

49. We will immediately give up all hostages and writings 
delivered unto us by our English subjects, as securities for 
their keeping the peace, and yielding us faithful service. 

50. We will entirely remove from our bailiwicks the rela- 
tions of Gerard de Atheyes, so that for the future they shall 
have no bailiwicks in England ; we will also remove Engelard 
de Cygony, Andrew, Peter, and Gyon, from the Chancery; 
Gyon de Cygony, Geoffrey de Martyn and his brothers; 
Philip Mark, and his brothers, and his nephew, Geoffrey, 
and their whole retinue. 

51. As soon as peace is restored, we will send out of the 
kingdom all foreign soldiers, cross-bowmen, and stipendi- 
aries, who are come with horses and arms to the prejudice 
of our people. 

52. If anyone has been dispossessed or deprived by us 
without the legal judgment of his peers, of his lands, castles, 
liberties, or right, we will forthwith restore them to him; 
and if any dispute arise upon his head, let the matter be de- 
cided by the five-and-twenty barons hereafter mentioned, for 
the preservation of the peace. As for all those things of 
which any person has, without the legal judgment of his 
peers, been dispossessed or deprived, either by King Henry 
pur father, or our brother King Richard, and which we have 
in our hands, or are possessed by others, and we are bound 
to warrant and make good, we shall have a respite till the 
term usually allowed the crusaders; excepting those things 
about which there is a plea depending, or whereof an inquest 



8 LEGTSLATTVE MANUAL 

hath been made, by our order, before we undertook the 
crusade, but when we return from our pilgrimage, or if per- 
chance we tarry at home and do not make our pilgrimage, we 
win imtriediately cause full justice to be administered therein. 

53. The same respite we shall have (and in the same man- 
ner about administering justice, disafforesting the forests or 
letting them continue) for disafforesting the forests which 
Henry our father, and our brother Richard have afforested; 
and for the keeping of the lands which are in another's fee, 
in the same manner as we have hitherto enjoyed those 
wardships, by reason of a fee held by us by knight's service; 
and for the abbeys founded in any other fee than our own, in 
which the lord of the fee says he has a right ; and when we 
return from our pilgrimage, or if we tarry at home, and do 
not make our pilgrimage, we will immediately do full justice 
to all the complainants in this behalf. 

54. No man shall be taken or imprisoned upon the appeal 
of a woman, for the death of any other than her husband. 

55. All unjust and illegal fines made by us, and all amer- 
ciaments imposed unjustly and contrary to the law of the 
land, shall be entirely given up, or else be left to the decision 
of the fiye-and-twenty barons hereafter mentioned for the 
preservation of the peace, or of the major part of them, to- 
gether with the aforesaid Stephen, archbishop of Canterbury, 
if he can be present, and others whom he shall think fit to 
take along with him; and if he cannot be present, the busi- 
ness shall notwithstanding go on without him; but so that 
if one or more of the aforesaid five-and-twenty barons 
be plaintiffs in the same cause, they shall be set aside as to 
what concerns this particular affair, and others chosen in 
their room, out of the said five-and-twenty, and sworn by 
the rest to decide the matter. 

56. If we have disseised or dispossessed the Welsh, of 
any lands, liberties, or other things, without the lejral judg- 
ment of their peers, either in England or in Wales, they shall 
be immediately restored to them; and if any dispute arise 
upon this head, the matter shall be determined in the marche 
by the judgment of their peers; for tenements^ in Enja:land 
according to the law of England, for tenements in Wales ac- 
cording to the law in Wajes, for tenements of tl^e marche 
according to the law of the marche ; the same shall the Welsh 
do to us and our subjects. 

57. As for all those things of which a Welshman hath, 
without the legal judgment of his peers, been disseised or de- 
prived of by Henry our father, or our brother King Rich- 
ard, and which we neither have in our hands, or others are 
possessed of, and we are obliged to warrant it, we shall have 
a respite till the time generally allowed the crusaders ; except- 
ing those things about which a suit is depending, or whereof 



StATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



an inquest has been made by our order, before we undertook 
the crusade; but when we return, or if we stay at home with- 
out performing our pilgrimage, we will immediately do them 
full justice according to the laws of the Welsh and of the 
parts before mentioned. 

58. We will without delay dismiss the son of Llewellyn, 
and all the Welsh hostages, and release them from the en- 
gagements they have entered into with us for the preservation 
of the peace. 

59. .We will treat with Alexander, King of Scots,* con- 
cerning the restoring his sisters and hostages, and his rights 
and liberties, in the same form and manner as we shall do 
to tKe rest of our barons of England; unless by the charters 
which we have from his father, William, late King of Scots, 
it ought to be otherwise ; but this shall be left to the determi- 
nation of his peers in our court 

60. All the aforesaid customs and liberties, which we have 
granted to be holden in our kingdom, as much as it belongs 
to us toward our people of our kingdom, as well clergy as 
laity shall observe, as far as they are concerned toward their 
dependents. 

61. And whereas, for the honour of God and the amend- 
ment of our kingdom, and for the better quieting the discord 
that has arisien between us and our barons, we have granted 
all these things aforesaid; willing to render them firm and 
lasting, we do j^ve and grant our subjects the underwritten 
security, namely that the barons may choose five-and-twenty 
barons of the kingdom, whom they think convenient; who 
shall take care, with all their might, to hold and observe^ and 
cause to be observed, the peace and liberties we have granted 
them, and this by our present charter confirmed; so that if 
we, our justiciary, our bailiflFs,or any of our officers, shall in 
any circumstance fail in the performance of them toward any 
person, or shall break through any of these articles of peace 
and security, and the offense be notified to four barons chosen 
out of the five-and-twenty before mentioned, the said four 
barons shall repair to us, or our justiciary, if we are out of 
the realm, and laying open the grievance, shall petition to have 
it redressed without delay ; and if it be not redressed by us , or 
if we should chance to be out of the realm, if it should not 
be redressed by our justiciary, within forty days, reckoning 
from the- time it has been notified to us, or to our justiciary, 
(if we should be out of the realm,) the four barons afore- 
said shall lay the cause before the rest of the five-and-twenty 
barons; and the said five-and-twenty barons, together with 
the community of the whole kingdcsa, shall distrain and dis- 
tress us in all possible ways, by seizing our castles, lands, 
possessions and in any other manner they can, till the griev- 
ance is redressed according to their pleasure ; saving harmless 



10 LEO'SLATIVE MANUAL 



our own person, end the persons of our queen and children; 
and when it is redressed they shall obey us as. before. And any 
person whatso-over in the kingdom, may swear that he will 
obey the orders of the. five-and- twenty barons aforesaid, in 
the executi'^n of the premises, and will distress us, jointly 
with them^ to the utmost of his power; and we give pub- 
lic and f':ee liberty to anyone that shall please to swear to 
this, c/ni never will hinder any person from taking the same 
oath. 

63,v As for all those of our subjects who will not, ol their 
own accord, swear to join the §ve-and-twenty barons in disr 
training and distressing us, we will issue orders to make them 
'iake the oath as aforesaid. And if any one of the five-and- 
Iwenty barons dies, or goes out of the kingdom, or is 
hindered any other way from carrying the things aforesaid in- 
to execution, the rest of the said five-and-twenty barons may 
choose any other in his room, at their discretion, who shall be 
sworn in like manner as the rest. In all things that are commit- 
ted to the execution of these five-and-twenty barons, if when 
they are all assembled together, they shogld happen to dis- 
agree about any matter, and some of them, when summoned, 
will not, or cannot come, whatever is agreed upon, or en- 
joined, by the major part of those that are present, shall be 
reputed as firm and valid as if all the five-and-twenty had given 
their consent; and the aforesaid five-and-twenty shall swear, 
that all the premises they shall faithfully observe, and cause 
with all their power to be observed. And we will not by our- 
selves, or by any other, procure anything whereby any of 
these concessions and liberties may be revoked or lessened ; 
and if any such thing be obtained, let it be null and void; 
neither shall we ever make use of it, either by ourselves or 
any other. And all the illwill, indignations, and rancours 
that have arisen between us and our subjects, of the clergy 
and laity, from the first breakmg out of the dissentions be- 
tween us, we do fully remit and forgive: moreover all tres- 
passes occasioned by the said dissentions, from Easter. in the 
fifteenth year of our reign, till the. restoration of peace and 
tranquility, we hereby entirely remit t© all, both clergy and 
laity, and as far as in us lies do fully forgive. We have, 
moreover, caused to be made for them the letter patent tes- 
timonial of Stephen, lord archbishop of Canterbury, Henry, 
lord archbishop of Dufelin, and the bishops aforesaid, as also 
of Master Pandulph, for the security and concession aforesaid. 

63. Wherefore we will and firnily enjoin that the. church 
of England be free, and that all the men in our kingdom 
have and hold all the aforesaid liberties, rights and conces- 
sions, truly and peaceably, freely and quietly, fully and wholly 
to themselves and their heirs, of us and our heirs, in all 
things and places, forever, as is aforesaid. It is also sworn. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA H 

as well on our part as on the part of the barons, that all the 
things aforesaid shall be observed bona Rde and without evil 
subtilty. 

Given under our hand, in the presence of the witnesses 
above named, and many others, in the meadow called Runny- 
mede, between Windsor and Staines, the i5th day of June, 
in the seventeenth year of our reign. 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 



In Congress, July 4, 1776. 

When, in the course of human events, it becomes neces- 
sary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have 
connected them with another, and to assume, among the 
powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which 
the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a 
decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they 
should declare the causes which impel them to the separa- 
tion. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are 
created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with 
certain unalienable rights; tl^at among these are life, liberty 
and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, 
governments are instituted among men, deriving their just 
powers from the consent of the governed; that wlienever 
any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, 
it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to 
institute new government, laying its foundation on such 
principles, and organizmg its powers in such form, as to 
them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happi- 
ness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments lonsr 
established should not be changed for light and transient 
causes: and, accordingly, all experience hath shown, that 
mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are suffer- 
able, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to 
which they arc accustomed. But when a long train of abuses 
and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces 
a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their 
right, it- is their duty, to throw off such government, and 
been the patient sufferance of these colonies, and such is 
now the necessity wnich constrains them to alter their former 
systems of government. The history of the present king of 
Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpa- 
tion, all having in direct object, the establishment of an ab- 
solute tyranny over these states. To prove this let facts be 
submitted to a candid world. 

He has refused his assent to laws the most wholesome and 
necessary for the public good. 

He has forbidden his governors to pass laws of immediate 
and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation 
till his assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, 
he has utterly neglected to attend to them. 



14 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation 
of large districts of people, unless those people would relin- 
quish the right of representation in the legislature ; a right 
inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, 
uncomfortable and distant from the repository of their pub- 
lic records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into com- 
pliance with his measures. 

He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for op- 
posing with manly firmness his invasion on the rights of 
the people. 

He has refused, for a long time after such dissolutions, 
to cause others to be elected; whereby the legislative pow- 
ers, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the people 
at large for their exercise; the state remaining, in the mean- 
time, exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, 
and convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these 
states; for that purpose obstructing the laws for naturaliza- 
tion of foreigners ; refusing to pass others to encourage their 
migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new appro- 
priations of lands. 

He has obstructed the administration of justice, by re- 
fusing his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers. 

He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the 
tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their 
salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither 
swarms of officers to harass our people, and eat out their 
substance. 

He has kept among us in times of peace, standing armies, 
without the consent of our legislatures. 

He has effected to render the military independent of 
and superior to the civil power. 

^ He has combined with others, to subject us to a jurisdic- 
tion foreign to our constitution and unacknowledged by our 
laws; giving his assent to their acts of pretended legisla- 
tion. 

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us 

For protecting them, by a mock trial, from punishment for 
any murders which they should commit on the inhabitants 
of these states. 

For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world. 

For imposing taxes on us without our consent. 

For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of trial 
by jury. 

For transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretended 
ofTenses. 



ST/:rE OF NORTH DAKOTA l5 

For abolishing the free system of English laws in a neigh- 
boring province, establishing therein an arbitrary govern- 
ment, and enlarging its boundaries, so as to render it at 
once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same 
absolute rule into these colonies. 

For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valu- 
able la-uv's, and altering, fundamentally, the forms of our 
governments. 

For suspending our own legislatures, and declaring them- 
selves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases 
whatsoever. 

He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out 
of his protection, and waging war against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our 
towns, and destroyed the lives of our people. 

He is. at this time, transporting large armies of foreign 
mercenaries, to compleat the works of death, desolation and 
tyranny already begun with circumstances of cruelty and 
perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and 
totally unworthy the head of a civilized nation. 

He has constrained our fellow citizens, taken captive on 
the hijfh seas, to bear arms against their country, to be- 
come the executioners of their friends and brethren, or to 
fall themselves by their hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has 
endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers the 
merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare is 
an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and condi- 
tions. 

In every stage of these oppressions, we have petitioned 
for redress, in the most humble terms; our repeated peti- 
tions have been answered only by repeated injury. A prince, 
whose character is thus marked by every act which may de- 
fine a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. 

Nor have we been wanting in attentions to our British 
brethren. We have warned them from time to time of at- 
tempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable juris- 
diction over us. We have reminded them of the circum- 
.stances of o\jr immigration and settlement here. We have 
appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we 
have conjured them, by the ties of our common kindred, to 
disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt 
our connections and correspondence. They, too, have been 
deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, 
therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our 
separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, 
enemies in war, in peace friends. 

We therefore, the representatives of the United States of 
America, in general congress assembled, appealing to the 



16 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

III 

Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our inten- 
tions, do, in the name, and by authority of the good pco^ 
pie of these colonies, solemly publish and declare. That these 
United Colonies are. and of right ought to be. Free and Inde- 
pendent States; that they are absolved from all allegiance 
to the British crown, and that all political connection be- 
tween them and the state of Great Britain, is and ought to 
be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent 
States, they have full power to levy war, conclude peace, 
contract alliances, establish commerce, and to do all other 
acts and things which independent states may of right do. 
And for the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance 
on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge 
to each ojther our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor. 

JOHN HANCOCK. 

New Hamps-hire — Josiah Bartlett, Wm. Whipple, Matthew 
Thornton. 

Massachusetts Bay — Saml. Adams, John Adams. Robt 
Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry. 

Rhode Island, Etc — Step. Hopkins, William Ellery. 

Connecticut — Roger Sherman, Sam'el Huntington, Wm. 
Williams, Oliver Wolcott. 

New York— Wm, Floyd, Phil, Livingston, Frans. Lewis, 
Lewis Morris. 

New Jersey — Richd. Stockton, Jno. Witherspoon, Fras. 
Hopkinson, John Hart, Abra. Clark. 

Pennsylvania— Robt. Morris. Benjamin Rush, Benja. Frank- 
lin, John Morton, Geo. Clymer, Jas. Smith, Geo. Taylor, 
James Wilson, Geo. Ross. 

Delaware — Cesar Rodney, Geo. Reed, Tho. M'Kean 

Maryland— Samuel Chase, Wm. Paca, Thos. Stone, Charles 
Carroll of Carrollton. 

Virginia— George Wythe, Richard Henry Lee. Th. 
Jefferson, Benja.- Harrison, Thos. Nelson, jr., Francis 
Light foot Lee, Carter Braxton. 

North Carolina — Wm. Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn. 

South Carolina — Edward Rutledge, Tho. Hayward. iimr., 
Thos. Lynch, junr., Arthur Middleton. 

Georgia — Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, Geo. Walton. 



ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION 



[While the Declaration of Independence was under con- 
sideration in the Continental Congress, and before it was 
finally agreed upon, measures were taken for the establish- 
ment of a constitutional form of government; and on the 
11th of June, 1776, it was Resolved, That a committee be 
appointed to prepare and digest the form of a confederation 
to be entered into between these Colonies" which committee 
was appointed the next day, June 12, and consisted of a 
member from eacn Colony, namely: Mr. Bartlett, Mr. S. 
Adams, Mr. Hopkins, Mr. Sherman, Mr. R. R. Livingston, 
Mr. Dickinson, Mr. McKean, Mr. Stone, Mr. Nelson, Mr. 
Hewes, Mr E. Rutledge and Mr. Gwinnett. On the 12th 
of July, 1776, the committee reported a draught of the 
Articles of Confederation, which was printed for the use of 
the members under the strictest inj unctions of secrecy. 

The report underwent a thorough discussion in congress, 
from time to time until the 15th day of November, 1777; on 
which day "Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union" 
were finally agreed to in form, and they were directed to be 
proposed to the legislatures of all the United States, and if 
approved by them, they were advised to authorize their dele- 
gates to ratify the same in the congress of the United States ; 
and in that event they were to become conclusive. On the 
17th of November, 1777, the congress agreed upon the form 
oi a circular letter to accompany the articles of confederation, 
which concluded with a recommendation to each of the sev- 
eral legislatures "to invest its deleeates with competent pow- 
ers, ultimately, and in the name and behalf of the state, to 
subscribe articles of confederation and perpetual union of the 
United States, and to attend congress for that purpose on 
.or before the 10th day of March next." This letter was 
signed by the president of congress and sent, with a copy of 
tire articles, to each state legislature. 

On the 26th of June, 1778, congress agreed upon the form 
of a ratification of the articles of confederation, and directed 
a copy of the articles and the ratification to be engrossed on 
parchment; which, on the 9th of July, 1778, having been ex- 
amined and the blanks filled, was signed by the delegates of 
New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, Pennsyl- 
vania, Virginia and South Carolina. Congress then directed 
that a circular letter be addressed to the states whose dele- 
gates were not present, or being present, conceived they were 



Blue Book-2. 



18 LEGISLATIVE Mi»NUAL 

not authorized to sign the ratification, informing them how 
many and what states had ratified the articles of confedera- 
tion, and desiring them, with all convenient dispatch, to au- 
thorize their delegates to ratify the same. Of these states 
North Carolina ratified on the 21st and Georgia on the 24th 
of July, 1778; New Jersey on the 26th of November follow- 
ing; Delaware on the 6th of May, 1779; Maryland on the 
1st of March, 1781; and on the 2d of March, 1781, congr^^ss 
assembled under the new form of government! 



ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. 

To all to whom these Presents shall come, we the undersigned 
Delegates of the States aMxed to our names, send greeting : 

Whereas the delegates of the United States of America in 
congress assembled did on the 15th day of November in the 
year of our Lord 1777, and in the second year of the inde- 
pendence of America agree to certain articles of confederation 
and perpetual union between the states of New Hampshire, 
Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Planta- 
tions, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, 
Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Caro- 
lina and Georgia, in the words following, viz: 

''Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union between the 
States of New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Isl- 
and and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, 
New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, 
North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. 

Article I. The style of this confederacy shall be "The 
United States of America." 

Article II. Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom and 
independence, and every power, jurisdiction and right, which 
is not by this confederation expressly delegated to the United 
States in congress assembled. 

Article III. The said states hereby severally enter into a 
firm league of friendship with each other for their common 
defense, the security of their liberties, and their mutual and 
general welfare, binding themselves to assist each other, 
ag^ainst all force offered to, or attacks made upon them, or any 
of them, on account of religion, sovereignty, trade, or any 
other pretense whatever. 

Article IV. The better to secure and perpetuate mutual 
friendship and intercourse among the people of the different 
states in this union, the free inhabitants of each of these 
states, paupers, vagabonds and fugitives from justice ex- 
cepted, shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of 
free citizens in the several states : and the people of each state 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 19 

shall have free ingress and regress to and from any other 
state, and shall enjoy therein all the privileges of trade and 
commerce, subject to the same duties, impositions and restric- 
tions as the inhabitants thereof respectively, provided that 
such restrictions shall not extend so far as to Drevent the 
removal of property imported into any state, to any other 
state of which the owner is an inhabitant; provided, also, 
that no imposition, duties or restrictions shall be laid by any 
state on the property of tne United States, cr either of them. 

If any person guilty of, or charged with treason, felony, or 
other high misdemeanor in any state, shall flee from justice, 
and be found in any of the United States, he shall upon de- 
mand of tlie governor or executive power of the state from 
which he fled, be delivered up and removed to the state having 
jurisdiction of his offense. 

Full faith and credit shall be given in each of these states 
to the records, acts and judicial proceedings of the courts 
and magistrates of every other state. 

Article V. For the more convenient management of the 
general interest of the United States, delegates shall be an- 
nually appointed in such manner as the legislature of each 
state shall direct, to meet in congress on the first Monday in 
November, in every year, with a power reserved to each state, 
to recall its delegates, or any of them, at any time within the 
year, and to send others in their stead, for the remainder of 
the year. 

No state shall be represented in congress by less than two, 
nor more than seven members; and no person shall be 
capable of being a delegate for more than three years in any 
term of six years; nor shall any person, being a delegate, 
be capable of holding any office under the United States, for 
which he, or another for his benefit receives any salary, fees, 
or emolument of any kind. 

Each state shall maintain its own delegates in anv meeting 
of the states, and while they act as members of the committee 
of the states. 

In determining questions in the United States, in congress 
assembled, each state shall have one vote. 

Freedom of speech and debate in congress shall not be im- 
peached or questioned in any court, or place out of congress, 
and the members of congress shall be protected in their per- 
sons from arrest and imprisonments, during' the time of 
their going to and from, and attendance on congress, except 
for treason, felony, or breach of the peace. 

Article VI. No state without the consent of the United 
States in congress assembled, shall send any embassy to, or 
receive any embassy from, or enter into any conference 
agreement, alliance or treaty with any king, prince or state, 
nor shall any person holding any office of profit or trust under 



20 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



the* United States, or any of them, accent of any present, 
emolument, office or title of any kind whatever from anv 
king, prince or foreign state; nor shall the United States in 
congress assembled, or any of them, grant any title of no- 
bility. 

No two or more states «hall enter into any treaty, confed- 
eration or alliance whatever between them, without the con- 
sent of the United States in congress assembled, specifying 
accurately the purposes for which the same is to be entered 
into, and how long it shall continue. 

No state shall lay any imposts or duties, which may inter- 
fere with any stipulations in treaties, entered into by the Unit- 
ed States in congress assembled with any king, prince or state, 
in pursuance of any treaties already proposed by congress to 
the courts of France or Spain. 

No vessels of war shall be kept up in time of oeace by any 
state, except such number only, as shall be deemed necessary 
by the United States in congress assembled, for the defense 
of such state, or its trade; nor shall any body of forces be 
kept up by any state, in time of peace, except such number 
only, as in the judgment of the United States, in congress 
assembled, shall be deemed reauisite to f^arrison the forts 
necessary for the defense of such state; but every state shall 
always keep up a well regulated and disciplined militia, suffi- 
ciently armed and accoutered, and shall provide and have 
constantly ready for use, in public stores, a due number of 
field pieces and tents, and a proper quantity of arms, ammu- 
nition and camp equinap^e. 

No state shall engage in any war without the consent of the 
United States in congress assembled, unless such state be 
actually invaded by enemies, or shall have received certain 
advice of a resolution being formed by some nation of In- 
dians to invade such state, and the danger is so imminent as 
not to admit of a delay, till the United States in congress 
assembled can be consulted; nor shall any state grant com- 
missions to any ships or vessels of war, nor letters of marque 
or reprisals, except it be after a declaration of war by the 
United States in congress assembled, and then only against 
the kingdom or state, and the subjects thereof, against which 
war has been so declared, and under such regulations as shall 
be established by the United States in congress assembled, 
unless such state be infested by pirates, in which case vessels 
of war may be fitted out for that occasion, and kept so long 
as the danger shall continue, or until the United States in 
congress assembled shall determine otherwise. 

Article VTI. When land forces are raised by any state 
for the common defense, all officers of or under the rank of 
colonel, shall be appointed by the legislature of each state 
respectively by whom such force shall be raised, or in such 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 21 

manner as such state shall direct, and alf vacancies shall be 
filled up by the state which first made the appointment 

Article VIII. All charges of war, and all other expenses 
that shall be incurred for the common defense or general 
welfare, and allowed by the United States in congress as- 
sembled, shall be defrayed out of a common treasury, which 
shall be supplied by the several states, in proportion to 
the value of all land within each state, granted to or surveyed 
for any person, as such land and the* buildings and improve- 
ments thereon shall be estimated according to such mode as 
the United States in congress assembled, shall from time to 
time, direct and appoint. 

The taxes for paying that proportion shall be laid and levied 
by the authority and direction of the legislatures of the several 
states within the time agreed upon by the United States in 
congress assembled. 

Article IX. The United States in congress assembled, 
shall have the sole and exclusive right and power of determin- 
ing on peace and war, except the case mentioned in the 6th 
article — of sending and receiving ambassadors — entering into 
treaties and alliances, provided that no treaty of commerce 
shall be made whereby the legislative power of the respective 
states shall be restrained from imposing: such imposts and 
duties on foreigners, as their own people are subject to, or 
from prohibiting the exportation or importation of any species 
of goods or commodities whatsoever — of establishing rules for 
deciding in all cases, what captures on land or water shall be 
legal, and in what manner prizes taken by land or naval forces 
in the service of the United States, shall be divided or ap- 
propriated — of granting letters of marque and reprisal in times 
of peace — appointing courts for the trial of piracies and felon- 
ies committed on the hic^h seas and establishing courts for re- 
ceiving and determinin<r finallv appeals in all cases of captures, 
provided that no member of congress shall be appointed a 
jttdcfe of any of the said courts. 

The United States in congress assembled shall also be the 
last resort on appeal in all disputes and differences now sub- 
sisting or that hereafter may arise between two or more states 
concerning boundarv. jurisdiction or any other cause what- 
ever; which authority shall always be exercised in the man- 
ner following: Whenever the legislative or executive author- 
ity or lawful agent of any state in controversy with another 
shall present a petition to congress, stating the matter in ques- 
tion and praying for a hearing, notice thereof shall be given 
by order of congress to the legislative or executive authoritv 
of the other state in controversy, and a day assigned for the 
appearance of the parties by their lawful agents, who shall 
then be directed to appoint by joint consent, commissioners 
or judges to constitute a court for hearing and determining 



22 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



the matter in question: but if they cannqt agree, congress 
shall name three persons out of each of the United States, 
and from the list of such persons each party shall alternately 
strike out one, the petitioners beginning, until the number 
shall be reduced to thirteen; and from that number not less 
than seven, nor more than nine names as congress shall di- 
rect, shall in the presence of congress be drawn out by lot, 
and the persons whose names shall be so drawn or any five 
of them, shall be commissioners or judges, to hear and final- 
ly determine the controversy, so always as a major part of 
the judges who shall hear the cause shall agree in the deter- 
mination: and if either party shall neglect to attend at the 
day appointed, without showing reasons, which congress shall 
judge sufficient, or beinp^ present shall refuse to strike, tjie 
congress shall proceed to nominate three persons out of each 
state, and the secretary of congress shall strike in behalf of 
such party absent or retusmg ; and the j udgment and sentence 
of the court to be appointed, in the manner before prescribed, 
shall be final and conclusive; and if any of the parties shall 
refuse to submit to the authority o such court, or to appear 
or defend their claim or cause, the court shall nevertheless 
proceed to pronounce sentence or judgment, which shall in 
like manner be final and decisive, and the judgment or sen- 
tence and other proceedings being in either case transmitted 
to congress and lodged among the acts of congress for the 
security of the parties concerned: provided that every com- 
missioner, before he sits in judgment, shall take an oath to 
be administered by one of the judges of the supreme or super- 
ior court of the state, where the cause shall be tried, "well and 
truly to hear and determine the matter in question, accord- 
ing to the best of his judgment, without favor, affection or 
hope of reward:" provided also that no state shall be depriv- 
ed of territory for the benefit of the United States. 

All controversies concerning the private right of soil claimed 
under different grants of two or more states, whose juris- 
dictions as they may respect such lands,^ and the states which 
passed such grants are adjusted, the said grants or either of 
them being at the same time claimed to have originated ante- 
cedent to such settlement of jurisdiction, shall on the petition 
of either party to the congress of the United States, be finally 
determined as near as may be in the same manner as is before 
prescribed for deciding disputes respecting territorial juri". 
diction between different states. 

The United States in congress assembled shall also have the 
sole and exclusive right and power of regulating the alloy 
and value of coin struck by their own authority, or by that of 
the respective states — fixing the standard of weights and 
measures throughout the United States — regulating the trade 
and managing all affairs with the Indians, not members of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 23 

any of the states, provided that the legislative right of any 
state within its own limits be not infringed or violated — estab- 
lishing or resfulating postoffices from one state to another, 
tnroughout all the United States, and exacting such postage on 
the papers passing thro' the same as may be requisite to defray 
the expense of the said office — appointing all officers of the 
land forces, in the service of the United States, excepting 
f^gimental officers — appointing all the officers of the naval 
forces, and commissioning all officers whatever in the service 
of the United States — making rules for the government and 
regulation of the said land arid naval forces, and directing 
their operations. 

The United States in congress assembled shall have author- 
ity to appoint a committee, to sit in the recess of congress, 
to be denominated "A Committee of tne States," and to con- 
sist of one delegate from each state ; and to appoint such other 
committees and civil officers as may be necessary for manag- 
ing the general affairs of the United States under their direc- 
tion — to appoint one of their number to T>reside, provided that 
no person shall be allowed to serve in the office of president 
more than one year in any term of three vears; to ascertain 
the necessary sums of money to be raised for the service of the 
United States, and to appropriate and apply the same for de- 
fraying the oublic expenses — to borrow money, or emit bills on 
the credit of the United States, transmitting every half year 
to the respective states an account of the sums of money so 
borrowed or emitted — to build and equip a navy — to aja:ree 
upon the number of land forces, and to make requisitions 
from each state for its quota, in proportion to the number of 
white inhabitants in such state; which requisitions shall be 
binding, and thereupon the legislature of each state shall ap- 
point the regimental officers, raise the men and clothe, arm 
and equip them in a soldier like manner, at the expense of the 
United States; and the officers and men so clothed, armed 
and equipped shall march to the place appointed and within 
the time agreed on by the United States in conp^ress assem- 
bled ; but if the United States in congress assembled shall, on 
consideration of circumstances judge proner that any state 
should not raise men, or should raise a smaller number than 
its quota, and that any other state should *raise a greater num- 
ber of men than the quota thereof, such extra number shall be 
raised, officered, clothed, armed and equipped in the same 
manner as the '^uota of such state, unless the legislature of 
i jch state shall j udge that such extra number cannot be safely 
spared out of the same, in which case they shall raise, officer, 
clothe, arm and equip as many of such extra numbers as they 
Judge can be safely spared. And the officers and men so 
clothed, armed and equipped, shall march to the place ap- 



24 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

pointed, and within the time agreed on by the United States 
in congress assembled. 

The United States in congress assembled shall never engage 
in a war, nor grant letters of marque and reprisal in time of 
peace, nor enter into any treaties or alliances, nor coin money, 
nor regulate the value thereof, nor ascertain the sums and ex- 
penses necessary for the defense and welfare of the United 
States, or any of them, nor emit bills, nor borrow money on 
the credit of the United States, nor appropriate money, nor 
agree upon the number of vessels of war. to be built or pur- 
chased, or the number of land or sea forces to be raised, nor 
appoint a commander-in-chief of the army or navy, unless 
nine states assent to the same; nor shall a question on any 
other point, except for adjourning from day to day be deter- 
mined, unless by the votes of a majority of the United States 
in congress assembled. 

The congress of the United States shall have power to ad- 
journ to any time within the year, and to any place within the 
United States, so that no period of adjournment be for a 
longer duration that the space of six months and shall pub- 
lish the journal of their proceedings monthly, except such 
parts thereof relating to treaties, alliances or military opera- 
tions, as in their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and 
nays of the delegates of each state on any question shall be 
entered on the j ournal, when it is desired by any delegate ; and 
the delegates of a state, or any of them, at his or their request 
shall be furnished with a transcript of the said Journal, ex- 
cept such parts as z^re above excepted, to lay before the leg- 
islature of the several states. 

Article X. The committee of the states, or any nine 
of/ them, shall be authorized to execute, in the recess of con- 
gress, such of the powers of congress as the United States in 
congress assembled, by the consent of nine states, shall from 
time tQ time think expedient to vest them with ; provided that 
no power be delegated to the said committee, for the exercise 
of which, by the articles of confederation, the voice of nine 
states in the congress of the United States assembled is re- 
quisite. 

Article XI. Canada acceding to this confederation, and 
joining in the measures of the United States, shall be admitted 
into, and entitled to all the advantages of this union: but no 
other colony shall be admitted into the same, unless such ad- 
mission be agreed to by nine states. 

Article XII. All bills of credit emitted, moneys borrowed 
and debts contracted by, or under the authority of congress, 
before the assembling of the United States, in pursuance of 
the present confederation, shall be deemed and considered as 
a charge against the United States, for payment and satisfac- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 25 

% 

tion whereof the said United States, and the public faith are 
hereby solemnly pledged. 

ARTiciE XIII. Every state shall abide by the determina- 
tions of the United States in congress assembled, on all ques- 
tions which by this confederation are submitted to them. 
And the articles of this confederation shall be inviolably 
•observed . by every state, and the union shall be perpetual ; 
nor shall any alteration at any time hereafter be made in any 
of them ; unless such alteration be agreed to in a congress of 
the United States^ and be afterwards confirmed by tne legis- 
latures of every state. 

And whereas it hath pleased the Great Governor of the 
World to incline the hearts of the legislatures we respectively 
represent in congress, to approve of, and to authorize us to 
ratify the, said articles of confederation and peroetual union. 
Kno.v Ye that we the undersigned delegates, bv virtue of 
the power and authority to us given for that purpose, do by 
these presents, in the name and in behalf of our respective con- 
stituents, fully and entirely ratify and confirm each and every 
of the said articles of confederation and perpetual union, and 
all and singular the matters and things therein contained ; and 
we do further solemnly plight and engage the faith of our 
respective constituents, that they shall abide by the determina- 
tions of the United States in congress assembled, on all ques- 
tions; which by the said confederation are submitted to 
them. And that the articles thereof shall be inviolably ob- 
served by the states we respectively represent, and that the k 
union shall be perpetual. 

In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands in 
Congress. Done in Philadelphia in the state of Pennsylvania 
the 9th day of July in the Year of our Lord, 1778, and in 
the 3d year of the Independence of America. 

On the part and behalf of the State of New Hampshire — 
Josiah Bartlett, John Wentworth, Jun. (August 8, 1778.) 

On the part and behalf of the State of Massachusetts Bay 
— John Hancock, Samuel Adams, Elbridge Gerry, Francis 
Dana, James Lovell, Samuel Holten. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations — William EUery, Henry Marchant, 
John Collins. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Connecticut — Roger 
Sherman, Samuel Huntington, Oliver Wolcott, Titus Hosmer, 
Andrew Adam. 

On the part and behalf of the State of New York — Jas. 
Duane, Eras Lewis, William Duer, Gouvr Morris. 

On the part and behalf of the State of New Jersey — Jno. 
Witherspoon, Nathl Scudder. (Nov 26, 1778.) 



26 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Oft the part and behalf of the State of Pennsylvania — Robt. 
Morris, Daniel Roberdeau, Jona Bayard Smith, William 
Clingan, Joseph Reed. (July 22nd, 1778.) 

On the part and behalf of the State of D elawar e-^Tho, 
M'Kean, (Feb. 12, 1779,) John Dickinson, (May 5, 1779.) 
Nicholas Van Dyke. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Maryland — John 
Hanson, (March 1, 1781,) Daniel Carroll, (March 1, 1781.) 

On the part and behalf of the State of Virginia — Richard 
Henry Lee, John Bannister, Thomas Adams, Jno. Harvie, 
Francis Lightfoot Lee. 

On the part and behalf of the State of North Carolina — 
John Penn, (July 21, 1778,) Corns. Harnett, Jno. Williams. 

On the part and behalf of the State of South Carolina — 
Henry Laurens,N William Henry Drayton, Jno. Mathews, 
Richard Hutson, Thos. Heyward, Jun. 

On the part qnd behalf of the State of Georgia — Jno. Wal- 
ton, (July 24th, 1778,) Edwd. Telfair, Edwd. Langworthy. 



ORDINANCE OF 1787 



AN ORDINANCE FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE 
TERRITORY OF THE UNITED STATES NORTH- 
WEST OF THE RIVER OHIO. 

In Congress, July 13, 1787. 

Be it ordained by the United States in Congress assembled. 
that the said territory, for the purposes of temporary «yovern- 
ment, be one district; subject, however, to be divided into 
two districts, as future circumstances may, in the opinion 
of Congress, make it expedient. 

Be it Ordained by the authority aforesaid, That the states 
both of resident and non-resident proprietors in the said Terri- 
tory dying intestate, shall descend to and be distributed 
among their children and the descendants of a deceased child 
in equal parts; the descendants of a deceased child or grand- 
child to take the share of their deceased parent in equal 
parts among them; and where there shall be no children or 
descendants, then in equal parts to the next of kin, in equal 
degree; and among collaterals, the children of a deceased 
brother or sister of the intestate shall have in equal parts 
among them their deceased parents* share; and there shall 
in no case be a distinction between kindred of the whole 
and half blood; saving in all cases to the widow of the in- 
testate her third part of the real estate for life, and one-third 
part of the personal estate: and this law relative to descents 
and dower shall remain in full force until altered by th*; 
legislature of the district. And until the governor and 
judges shall adopt laws as hereinafter mentioned, estates in 
the said Territory may be devised or bequeathed by wills in 
writing, signed and sealed by him or her in whom the estate 
may be, (being of full age,) and attested by three witnesses ; 
and real estate may be conveyed by lease and release or bar- 
gain and sale, signed, sealed, and delivered, by the person, 
being of full age, in whom the estate may be, and attested by 
two witnesses, provided such wills be duly proved, and such 
conveyances be acknowledged, or the execution thereof duly 
proved, and be recorded within one year after proper magis- 
trates, courts, and registers shall be appointed for that pur- 
pose; and personal propertv mav be transferred by delivery, 
saving, however, to the French and Canadian inhabitants, and 
other settlers of the Kaskaskies, Saint Vincent's and the 
neighboring villages, which have heretofore professed them- 



28 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

selves citizens of Virginia, their laws and customs now in 
force among them relative to descent and conveyance of 
property. ' 

Be it ordained by the authority aforesaid. That there shall 
be appointed from time to time, by Congress, a governor, 
whose commission shall continue in force for the term of 
three years, unless sooner rev.oked by Congress; he shall re'- 
side in the district, and have a freehold estate therein, in one 
thousand acres of Iknd, while in the exercise of his office. 

There shall be appointed from time to time, by Congress, 
a secretary, whose commission shall continue in force for 
four years, unless sooner revoked; he shall reside in the 
district and have a freehold estate therein, in five hundred 
acres of land, while in the exercise of his office. It shall be 
his duty to keep and preserve the acts and laws passed b'' the 
legislature, and the public records of the district, and the 
proceedings of the orovernor in his Executive department, and 
transmit authentic copies of such acts and proceedings every 
six months to the secretary of Congress. There shall also 
be appointed a court to consist of three judges, anv two of 
whom to form a court, who shall have a common law juris- 
diction, and reside in the district, and have each therein a 
freehold estate in five hundred acres of land, while in the 
exercise of their offices; and their commissions shall continue 
in force during good behavior. 

The governor and judges or a majority of them, shall 
adopt and publish in the district such laws of the original 
States, criminal and civil, as may be necessary and best 
suited to the circumstances of the district, and report theni 
to Congress from time to time, which laws stiall be in force 
in the district until the organization of the General Assembly 
therein, unless disanoroved by Congress; but afterwards 
the legislature shall have authority to alter them as they shall 
think fit. 

The governor for the time being shall be commander-in- 
chief of the militia, appoint and commission all officers in the 
same below the rank of general officers; all general officers 
shall be appointed and commissioned by Congress. 

Previous to the organization of the General Assembly, the 
governor shall appoint such magistrates and other civil officers, 
in each county or township, as he shall find necessary for the 
preservation of the oeace and good order in the same. After 
the General Assembly s-hall be organized, the powers and 
duties of magistrates and other civil officers shall be regulat- 
ed and defined by the said Assembly ; but all magistrates and 
other civil officers, not herein otherwise directed, shall, dur- 
ing the continuance of this temporary government, be ap- 
pointed by the governor. 



/ 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 29 

For the prevention of crimes and injuries^ the laws to be 
adopted or made shall have force in all parts of the district, 
and for the execution of process, criminal and civil, the gov- 
ernor shall make proper divisions thereof; and he shall pro- 
ceed from time to time, as circumstances may require, to lay 
out the parts of the district in which the Indian titles shall 
have been extinguished into counties and townships, subject, 
however, to such alterations as may thereafter be made by 
the Legislature. 

So soon as there shall be five thousand free male inhab- 
itants, of full age, in the district, upon giving proof thereof to 
the governor, they shall receive authority, with time and 
place, to elect representatives from their counties or town- 
ships, to represent them in the General Assembly; provided 
that for every five hundred free male inhabitants, there shall 
be one representative, and so on progressively with the num- 
ber of free male inhabitants shall the right of -representation 
increase, until the number of representatives shall amount to 
twenty-five, after which the number and proportion of rep- 
resentatives shall be regulated by the Legislature; provided, 
that no person be eligible or qualified to act as a representative 
unless he shall have been a citizen of one of the United States 
three years, and be a resident in the district, or unless he 
shall have resided in the district three years, and in either case 
shall likewise hold in his own right, in fee-simple, two hun-- 
dred acres of land within the same : Provided also that a free- 
hold of fifty acres of land in the district, having been a citizen 
of one of the States, and being resident in the district, or the 
like freehold and two years* residence in the district shall 
be necessary to qualify a man as an elector of a represent- 
ative. 

The representative thus elected shall serve for the term of 
two years, and, in case of the death of a representative, or re- 
moval ' from office, the orovemor shall issue a writ' to the 
county or township for which he was a member to elect 
another in his stead, to serve for the residue of the term. 

The General Assembly, or legislature, shall consist of the 
governor, legislative council, and a houSt of representatives. 
The legislative council shall consist of five members, to con- 
tinue in office five years, unless sooner removed by Congress, 
any three of whom to be a quorum, and the members of the 
council shall be nominated and appointed in the following 
manner, to wit: As soon as representatives shall be elected, 
the governor shall appoint a time and place for them to meet 
together, and, when met, thev shall nominate ten persons, 
residents in the district, and each possessed of a freehold 
in five hundred acres of land, and return their names to 
Congress; five of whom Congress shall appoint and com- 
mission to serve as aforesaid; and whenever a vacancy shall 



30 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

happen in the council, by death or removal from office, the 
house of representatives shall nominate two persons, qualified 
as aforesaid, for each vacancy, and return their names to 
Congress; one of whom congress shall appoint and com- 
mission for the residue of the term, and every five years, four 
months at least before the expiration of the time ot service 
of the members of the council, the said house shall nominate 
ten persons, qualified as* aforesaid, and return their names to 
Congress, five of whom Congress shall appoint and commis- 
sion to serve as members of the council five years, unless 
sooner removed. And the governor, legislative council, and 
the house of representatives, shall have authority to make 
laws, in all cases for the good government of the district, 
not repugnant to the principles and articles in this ordinance 
established and declared. And all bills, having passed by a 
majority in the house, and by a- majority in the council, 
shall be referred to the governor for his assent; but no bill 
or legislative act whatever, shall be of any force without 
his assent. The governor shall have power to convene, pro- 
rogue and dissolve the General Assembly, when in liis opinion 
it shall be expedient. 

The governor, judges, legislative council, secretary, and 
such other officers as Congress shall appoint in the district 
shall take an oath or affirmation of fidelity and of office; the 
governor before the oresident of congress; and all other 
officers before the governor. As soon as a legislature shall be 
formed in the district, the council and house assembled, in one 
room, shall have authority, by joint ballot, to elect a delegate 
to Cono^ress, who shall have a seat in Congress, with a rignt 
of debatinty. but not of voting during this temporary govern- 
ment. 

And for extending the fundamental principles of civil and 
religious liberty, which form the basis whereon these repub- 
lics, their laws, and constitutions are erected ; to fix and 
establish those principles as the basis of all laws: constitu- 
tions, and governments which forever hereafter shall be form- 
ed in the said Territorv; to provide, also, for the establish- 
ment of States, and permanent government therein, and for 
their admission to a share in the federal councils on an equal 
footing with the original States, at as early periods as may be 
consistent with the general interest: 

It is hereby ordainefL and declared, by the authority afore- 
said. That the followmg articles shall be considered as ar- 
ticles of compact, between the original States and the people 
and States in the said Territory, and forever remain un- 
alterable, unless by common consent, to wit : 

Art. 1. No person, demeaning himself in a peaceable and 
orderly manner, shall ever be molested on account of his mode 
of worship or religious sentiments, in the said Territory. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 31 

Art. 2. The inhabitants of the said Territory shall always 
be entitled to the benefits of the writ of habeas corpus, and 
of the trial by jury; of a proportionate representation of the 
people in the legislature, and of judicial proceedings accord- 
ing to the course of the common law. All persons shall be 
bailable, unless for capital offenses, where the proof shall 
be evident, or the presumr^tion great. All fines shall be 
moderate, and no cruel or unusual punishments shall be in- 
flicted. No man shall be deprived of his liberty or property, 
but by the judgment of his peers, or the law of the land, and 
should the public exigencies make it necessary, for the com- 
mon preservation, to take any person's prooerty, or to demand 
his particular services, full compensation shall be made for 
the same. And, in the just preservation of ri8:hts and prop- 
erty, it is understood and declared, that no law ought ever to 
be made, or have force in said territory, that shall, in any 
manner whatever, interfere with, or affect private contracts 
or engagements, bona fide, and without fraud, previously 
formed. 

Art. 3. Religion, morality, and knowledge, being necessary 
to good government, and ^e happiness of mankind, schools 
and the means of education shall forever, be encouraged. 
The utmost good faith shall always be observed toward the 
Indians; their lands and property shall never be taken from 
them without their consent; and in their property rights, and 
liberty, they shall never be invaded or disturbed, unless in 
just and lawful wars authorized by Congress; but laws found- 
ed in justice and humanity shall from time to time, be made, 
for preventing wrongs being done to them, and for preserv- 
ing peace and friendsnip with them. 

Art. 4. The said territory, and the States which may be 
formed therein shall forever remain a part of this confederacy 
of the United States of /xmerica, subject to the /\rticies of 
Confederation, and to such alterations therein as shall be con- 
stitutionally mad^*- and to all the acts and ordinances of the 
United States, in Coneress assembled, conformable thereto. 
The inhabitants and settlers in t"e said territory shall be 
subject to pay a part of the federal debts, contracted or to be 
contracted, and a proportional part of the expenses of gov- 
ernment, to be apportioned on them by Congress, according 
to the same common rule and measure by which apportion- 
ments thereof shall be made on the other States; and the 
taxes for paying their proportion shall be laid and levied by 
the authority and direction of the legislatures of the district or 
districts, or new States, as in the original States, within the 
time agreed upon by the United States, in Congress assem- 
bled. The legislatures of those districts, or new States, shall 
never interfere with the primary disposal of the soil by the 
United States in Congress assembled, nor with anV regula- 



32 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 
\ 

tions Congress may find necessary, for securing the title in 
such soil, to the bona fide purchasers. No tax shall be im- 
posed on lands, the property of the United States* and in no 
case shall non-resident proprietors be taxed higher than resi- 
dents. The navigable waters leading into the Mississippi and 
St. Lawrence, and the carryine: places between the same, shall 
be common highways, and forever free, as well as to the 
inhabitants of the said territory as to the citizens of the Unit- 
ed States, and those of any other States that may be admitted 
into the Confederacy, without any tax, impost, or duty there- 
for. 

Art. 5. There shall be formed in the said territory not less 
than three, or more than five Stated; and the boundaries of 
the States, as soon as Virginia shall alter her act of cession, 
and consent to the same, shall become fixed and established 
as follows, to wit: the western State in the said territory, 
shall be bounded by the Mississippi, the Ohio, and Wabash 
rivers; a direct line drawn from the Wabash and Post Vin- 
cents, due north, to the territorial line between the United 
States and Canada; and by the said territorial line to the 
Lake of the Woods and Mississippi. The middle States shall 
be bounded by the said direct line, the Wabash, from Post 
Vincents to the Ohio, by the Ohio, by a direct line drawn due 
north from the mouth of the Great Miami to the said terri- 
torial line, and by the said territorial line. The eastern State 
shall be bounded by the last mentioned direct line, the Ohio, 
Pennsylvania, and the said territorial liner provided, how- 
ever, and it is further understood and declared, that the 
boundaries of these three States shall be subject so far to be 
altered, that if congress shall hereafter find it expedient, they 
shall have authority to form one or two States in that part 
of the said territory which lies north of an east and west line 
drawn through the southerly bend or extreme of Lake Michi- 
gan. And whenever any of the said States shall have sixty 
thousand free inhabitants therein, such State shall be ad- 
mitted by its delegates, into the Congress of the United 
States, on an equal footing with the original States, in all 
respects whatever; and shall be at liberty to form a perma- 
nent constitution and State government; provided the con- 
stitution and government, so to be formed, shall be republic- 
an, and in conformity to the principles contained in these 
articles; and, so far as can be consistent with the general 
interest of the Confederacy, such admissions shall be allow- 
ed at an earlier period, and when there may be a less num- 
ber of free inhabitants in the State than sixty thousand. 

Art. 6. There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary 
servitude in the said territory, otherwise than in the punish- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 33 

ment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly con- 
victed; provided, always, that any person escaping into the 
same, from whom labor or service is lawfullv claimed in any 
one of the original states, such fugitive may be lawfully 
reclaimed, and conveyed to the person claiming his or her 
labor or services as aforesaid. 

Be it ordained by the authority aforesaid, That the reso- 
lutions of the 23d of April, 1784, relative to the subject of 
this ordinance, be, and the same is hereby, repealed, and 
declared null and void. 

Done by the United States, in Congress assembled, the 
13th day of July, in the year of our Lord 1787, and of their 
sovereignty and independence the 12th. 

CHARLES THOMSON, 

Secretary. 



Blue Book— 3. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 

OF AMERICA 



[Note — The constitution was adopted September 17, 1787, by 
the unanimous consent of the states present in the convention ap- 
pointed in pursuance of the resolution of the congress of the con- 
federation, of February 21, 1787, and was ratified by the con- 
ventions of the several states, as follows, viz: By convention of 
Delaware, December 7, 1787; Pennsylvania, December 12, 1787; 
New Jersey, December 18, 1787; Georgia, January 2, 1788; Con- 
necticut January 9, 1788; Massachusetts, February 6, 1788; Mary- 
land, April 28, 1788; South Carolina, May 23, 1788; New Hamp- 
shire, June 21, 1788; Virginia, June 26, 1788; New York, July 26, 
1788; North Carolina, November 21, 1789; Rhode Island, May 20, 1790. 

The first ten of the amendments were proposed at the first ses- 
sion of the first congress of the United States, September 25, 1789, 
and were finally ratined by the constitutional number of states, 
December 15, 1791. 

The eleventh amendment was proposed at the first session of the 
third congress, March 5, 1794, and was declared in a message from 
the president of the United States to both houses of congress, dated 
January 8, 1798, to have been adopted by the constitutional number 
of states. 

The twelfth amendment was proposed at the first Session of 
the eighth congress, December 12, 1803, and was adopted by the 
constitutional number of state in 1804, according to public notice 
' thereof by the secretary of state, dated September 25, 1804. 

The thirteenth amendment was proposed at the second session 
of the thirty-eighth congress, February 1, 1865' and was adopted 
by the constitutional number of states in 1865, according to a public 
notice thereof by the secretary of state, dated December 18, 1865. 

The fourteenth amendment took effect July 28, 1868. 

The fifteenth amendment took effect March 30, 1870.] 

We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more 
nerfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquil- 
ity, provide for the common defense, promote the general 
welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves 
and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution 
for the United States of America. 

ARTICLE I. — The Congress. 

Section 1. All legislative powers herein granted, shall be 
vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall con- 
sist ot a senate and house of representatives. 

Sec. II. The house of representatives shall be composed 
of members chosen every second year by the people of the 
several states, and the electors in each state shall have the 
qualifications renuisite for electors of the most numerous 
branch of the state legislature. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 35 

No person shall be a representative who shall not have 
attained to the agre of twenty-five years, and been seven 
years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, 
when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he 
shall be chosen. 

• Representatives * (and direct taxes shall be apportioned 
among the several states which may be included within this 
Union, according to their respective numbers, which shall 
be determined by adding to the whole number of free per- 
sons, including those bound to service for a term of years, 
and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other 
persons.) The actual enumeration shall be made within 
three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the 
United States, and Within every subsequent term of ten 
years, in such manner as they shall bv law direct. The 
number of representatives shall not exceed one for every 
thirty thousand, but each state shall have at least one 
representative ; and until such enumeration shall be made, 
the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose 
^three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence 
Plantations one, Connecticut five. New York six. New Jer- 
sey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Marvland six, 
Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and 
Georgia three. 

When vacancies happen in the representation from any 
state, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of 
election to fill such vacancies. 

The house of representatives shall choose their speaker 
and other officers ; and shall have the sole power of im- 
peachment. 

Sec. III. The senate of the United States shall be com- 
posed of two senators from each state, chosen by the legis- 
lature thereof, for six years ; and each senator saall have 
one vote. 

Immediately after thev shall be assembled in conse- 
quence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally 
as may be into three classes. The seats of the senators of 
the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the sec- 
ond year; of the second class at the expiration of the fourth 
year; and of the third class at the expiration of the sixth 
year, so that one-third may be chosen every second year ; 
and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise dur- 
ing the recess of the legislature of any state, the executive 
thereof may make temporary appointments until the next 
meeting of the legislature, which shall then fill such vacan- 
cies. 



*The clause included in brackets is amended by the fourteenth 
amendment. 



36 

LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



M 

tlie aJlf ^of"*^^^^ ^^ ^ senator who shall not have attained 
the Unit I Q *^^y years, and been nine years a citizen of 
inhabit^,,* . ,^^^' ^"^ who shall not, when elected, be an 

1 he V- ^^^* ^^^^^ ^or which he shall be chosen, 

of the se^^ President of the United States shall be president 
divided ^^^^' "^ shall have no vote, unless they be equally 

'Pi * 
president'^^^^ shall choose their other officers, and also a 
or when h^^ ^^nipore, in the absence of the vice president, 
United St exercise the office of the president of the 

TVif» ^tes. 
^f.nt«! ^^Ax?^^ ^^^^^ ^^ve the sole power to try all impeach- 
oth *^ i^" ^^"i"g ^or that purpose they shall be on 
2^ofPc^ affirmation. When the president of the United 
sH^Vk^^ the chief justice shall preside; and no per- 
son snail be convicted without the concurrence of two- 
thirds (5f the members present 

vfl f^* in cases of impeachment shall not extend 
further than to removal from office, and disqualification to 
hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under the 
United btates ; but the party convicted shall nevertheless 
be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment and 
punishment according to law. 

Sec. IV. The times, places and manner of holding elec- 
tions for senators and representatives, shall be nrescribed 
in each state by the legislature thereof ; but the Congress 
may at any time by law make or alter such regulations, 
except as to the places of choosing senators. 

The congress shall assemble at least once in every year, 
and such meetings shall be on the first Monday in December, 
unless they shall by law appoint a different day. 

Sec. V. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, 
returns and qualifications of its own members, and a ma- 
jority of each shall constitute a quorum to do business; 
but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and 
may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent mem- 
bers, in such manner, and under such penalites as each 
house may provide. 

Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, 
punish its members for disorderly behavior and, with the 
concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member. 

Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and 
from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts 
as may in their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas 
and nays of the members of either house on any question 
shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered 
on the journal. 

Neither house during the session of congress, shall 
without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 37 

three days, nor to any other place than that in which the 
two houses shall be sitting. 

Sec. VI. The senators and representatives shall receive 
a compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, 
and paid out of the treasury of the United States. They 
shall in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the 
peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance 
at the session of their respective houses, and in goino: to and 
returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in 
either house they shall not be questioned in any other 
place. 

No senator or representative shall, during the time for 
which he was elected, be apoointed to any civil office under 
the authority of the United States which shall have been 
created, or the emoluments thereof shall have been in- 
creased during such time; and no person holdini^ anv office 
under the United States, shall be a member of either house 
during his continuance in office. 

Sec. VII. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in 
the house of representatives; but the senate may propose 
to concur with amendments as on other bills. 

Every bill which shall have passed the house of represen- 
tatives and the senate, shall, before it becomes a law, be 
presented to the president of the United States; if he ap- 
prove he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with 
his objections, to that house in which it shall have origin- 
ated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, 
and proceed to consider it. If after such reconsideration 
two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass the bill, it shall 
be sent, tojarether with the objections, to the other house, by 
which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by 
two-thirds of that house, it shall become a law. But in all 
such cases the votes of both houses shall be determined by 
yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and 
against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each 
house respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by 
the president within ten days (Sundavs excepted) after it 
shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law, 
in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the congress by 
their adjournment prevent its return, in which case it shall 
not be a law. 

Every order, resolution or vote to which the concurrence 
of the senate and house of representatives may be neces- 
sary (except on a question of adjournment), shall be pre- 
sented to the president of the United States; and before the 
same shall take effect, shall be approved by him, or being 
disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two-thirds of the 
senate and house of representatives, according to the rules 
and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill. 



38 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

■ 

Sec. VIII. The congress shall have the power: 

To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to 
pay the debts and provide for the common defense, and gen- 
eral welfare of the United States: but all duties imposts 
and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States. 

To borrow mone'" on the credit of the United States. 

To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among 
the several states, and with the Indian tribes. 

To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and uni- 
form laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the 
United States. ' 

To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign 
coin, and fix the standards of weights and measures. 

To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the se- 
curities and current coin of the United States. 

To establish post offices and post roads. 

To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by 
securing for limited times to authors and inventors the 
exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. 

To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court. 

To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on 
the high seas and offenses against the law of nations. 

To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and 
make rules concerning captures on land and water. 

To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of 
money to that use shall be for a longer term than two 
years. 

To provide and maintain a navy. 

To make rules for the government and regulation of the 
land and naval forces. 

To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws 
of the union, suppress insurrections and repel invasions. 

To provide for organizing, arming and disciplining the 
militia, and for e^overninp^ such part of them as may be em- 
ployed in the serivce of the United States, reserving to the 
states, respectively, the appointment of the officers and the 
authority of training the militia according to the discinline 
prescribed by congress. 

To exercise exclusive legislation, in all cases whatsoever, 
over such district, (not exceeding ten miles square), as may 
by cession of particular states, and the acceptance of con- 
gress, become the seat of the government of the United 
States, and to exercise like authoritv over all places pur- 
chased by the consent of the legislature of the state in which 
the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, ar- 
senals, dockyards, and other needful buildings; and 

To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper 
for carrying into execution the foregoing powers and all 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 39 

Other powers vested by this constitution in the jfovernment 
of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof. 

Sec. iX. The migration or importation of such persons 
as any of the states now existing shall think prooer to ad- 
mit, shall not be prohibited by the congress orior to the 
year one thousand eight hundred and eieht, but a tax or 
duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding 
ten dollars for each person. 

The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be 
suspended unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion 
the public safety may require it. 

No bill of attainder of ex post facto law shall be passed. 

No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid unless in 
proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore di- 
rected to be taken. 

No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any 
state. 

No preferente shall be given by any regulation of 
commerce or revenue to the ports of one state over those of 
another; nor shall vessels bound to, or from, one state, be 
obliged to enter, clear or pay duties in another. 

No money shall be drawn from the treasurv. but in con- 
sequence of appropriations made by law ; and a regular 
statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of 
all public monev shall be published from time to time. 

No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States; 
and no person holding any office of profit or trust under 
them, shall, without the consent oi congress, accept of 
any present, emolument, office, or title, of any kind what- 
ever, from any king, prince or foreign state. 

Sec. X. No state snail enter into any treaty, alliance, or 
confederation; grant letters of marque and reorisal ; coin 
money; emit bills of cedit; make anything but gold and 
silver coin a tender in payment of debts ; pass any bill of 
attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation 
of contracts, or grant any title of nobility. 

No state shall without the consent of congress, lay anv 
imposts or duties on imports or exports, except what may 
be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws, 
and the net produce of all duties and imposts laid by any 
state on imports or exports, shall be for the use of the treas- 
ury of the United States • and all such laws shall be subject 
to the revision and control of the congress. 

No state shall, without the consent of the consrress, lay any 
duty of tonnage, keep troops, or ships of war in time 
of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with an- 
other state, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, un- 
less actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as 
will not admit of delay. 



40 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

ARTICLE II.— The Executive. 

Section I. The executive power shall be vested in a pres- 
ident of the United States of America. He shall hold his 
office during the term of four years, and, together with the 
vice president, chosen for the same term, be elected, as 
follows : 

Each state shall aopoint, in such manner as the legisla- 
ture thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the 
whole number of senators and representatives to which tne 
state may be entitled in the congress, but no senator or 
representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit 
under the United States, shall be appointed an elector. 

The congress may determine the time of cnoos'ing th; 
electors, nnd the day on which they shall give their votes; 
which day shall be the same throughout the United States. 

No person except a natural bom citizen or a citizen of the 
United States at the time of the adoption of this constitu- 
tion shall be eligible to the office of president, neither shall 
any person be eligible to that office who shall not have at- 
tained to the age of thirtv-five years, and been fourteen 
years a resident within the United States. 

In case of the removal of the president from office, or _of 
his death, resignation, or inability to discharge the powers 
and duties of said office, the same shall devolve on the 
vice president; and the congress may. by law, provide for 
the case of removal, death, resignation or inability, both of 
the president and vice president, declaring what officer shall 
then act as president and such officers shall act accordingly, 
until the disability be removed, or a president shall be 
elected. 

The president shall, at stated times, receive for his ser- 
vices a compensation, which shall neither be increased nor 
diminished during the period for which he shall have been 
elected and he shall not receive within that period any 
other emolument from the United States, or any of them. 

Before he enter on the execution of his office, he shall 
take the following oath or affirmation: 

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully 
execute the office of president of the United States, and will 
to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the 
constitution of the United States." 

Sec. II. The president shall be commander-in-chief of 
the army and navy of the United States, and of the militia 
of the several states, when called into the actual service of 
the United States; he may require the oninion, in writing, 
of the principal officer in each of the executive departments, 
upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective 
offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and par- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 41 

dons for effenses against the United States, except in cases 
of impeachment. 

He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent 
of the senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the 
senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and 
with the advice and consent of the senate, shall appoint 
ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of 
the supreme court, and all other efficers of the United 
States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise pro- 
vided for, and which shall be established by law; but the 
congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior 
officers, as they think proper, in the president alone, in the 
courts of law, or in the heads of departments. 

The president shall have power to fill up all vacancies 
that may happen during the recess of the senate, by grant- 
ing commissions which shall expire af^the end of their next 
session. 

Sec. III. He shall from time to time give to the congress 
information of the state of the union, and recommend to 
their consideration such measures as he shall judge neces- 
sary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, 
convene both houses, or either of them; and in case of dis- 
agreement between them, with respect to the time of ad- 
joummnt, he may adiourn them to such time as he shall 
think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other pub- 
lic ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully 
executed, and shall commission all the officers of the United 
States. 

Sec. IV. The president, vice president and all civil offi- 
cers of the United States, shall be removed from office on 
impeachment for, and conviction of, treason, bribery or 
other high crimes and misdemeanors. 

ARTICLE HI.— The Judiciary. 

Section I. The judicial power of the United States shall 
be vested in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts 
as the congress may from time to time ordain and establish. 
The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall 
•hold their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated 
times, receive for their services, a compensation, which 
shall not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

Sec. II. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in 
law and equity, arising under this constitution, the laws of 
the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be 
made, under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassa- 
dors, other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of ad- 
miralty and marine jurisdiction; to controversies to 
which the United States shall be a party; to controversies 
between two or more states; between a state and citizens of 



42 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



another state; between citizens of different states; between 
citizens of the same state claiming lands under grants of 
different states, and between states, or the citizens there- 
of, and foreign states, citizens or subjects. 

In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers 
and consuls, and those in which a state shall be a party, the 
supreme court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the 
other cases before mentioned, the supreme court shall have 
appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such 
exceptions, and under such regulations as the congress shall 
make. ^ 

The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, 
shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the state 
where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when 
not committed within any state, the trial shall be at' such 
place or places as the congress may by law have directed. 

Sec. III. Treason against the United States shall consist 
only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their 
enemies, givin^- them aid and comfort. No person shall 
be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two wit- 
nesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. 

The congress shall have power to declare the punishment 
of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work corrup- 
tion of blood, or forfeiture except during the life of the per- 
son attained. 

ARTICLE IV. — The States and Territories. 

Section I. Full faith and credit shall be given in each 
state, to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings 
of every other state. And the congress may by general 
laws prescribe the manner in which such acts, records and 
proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof. 

Sec. II. The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all 
privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states. 

A person charged in any state with treason, felony or 
other crime, who shall flee from justice and be found in an- 
other state, shall, on demand of the executive authority of 
the state from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed 
to the state having jurisdiction of the crime. 

No person held to service or labor in one state, under the 
laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence 
of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such 
service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the 
party to whom such service or labor may be due. 

Sec. III. New states may be admitted by the congress 
into this union ; but no new state shall be formed or erected 
within the jurisdiction of any other state; nor any state be 
formed by the junction of two or more states, or parts of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 43 

States, without the consent of the legislatures of the states 
concerned as well as of the congress. 

The congress shall have power to dispose of and make all 
needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or 
other pronerty belonging to the United States* and nothing 
in this constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice 
any claims of the United Statesy or of any particular state. 

Sec. IV. The United States shall guarantee to every state 
in this union a republican form of government, and shall 
protect each of them against invasion ; and on application 
of the legislature, or of the executive, (when the legislature 
cannot be convened) against domestic violence. 

ARTICLii V. — Amendments. 

The congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall 
deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this con-r 
stitution. or, on the application of the legislatures of two- 
thirds of the several states, shall call a convention for pro- 
posing amendments, which in either case, shall be valid, to 
all intents and purposes, as part of this constitution, when 
ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several 
states, or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, as the 
one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by 
the congress ; provided, that no amendment which may be 
made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and 
eight shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses 
in the ninth section of the first article ; and that no state, 
without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage 
in the senate. 

ARTICLE VI. — Miscellaneous Business. 

All debts contracted and engagements entered into 

before the adoption of this constitution, shall be as 

valid against the United States under this constitution, as 
under the confederation. 

This constitution, and the laws of the United States 
which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties 
made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the 
United States, shall be the supreme law of the land ; and 
the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything 
in the constitution or laws of any state to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

The senators and representatives before mentioned, and 
the members of the several state legislatures, and all 
executive and judicial officers, both of the United States and 
of the several states, shall be bound by oath or affirmation, 
to support this constitution : but no religious test shall 



u 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



ever be required as a qualification to any office or public 
trust under the United States. 

ARTICLE VIL— Ratification. 

The ratification of the conventions of nine states shall be 
sufficient for the ratification of this constitution between 
the states so ratif'-^in'^ the same. 

Done in convention by the unanimous consent of the 

. states present, the seventeenth day of Sentember, in the 

year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and 

eighty-seven, and of the independence of the United 

States of America, the twelfth. 

In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our 

names. 

Go: Washington, Presdt. 
And Deputy from Virginia. 



John Langdon. 



Nathaniel Gorham. 



Wm. Saml. Johnson. 



Alexander Hamilton. 



Wil: Livingston, 
David Brearley, 



B. Franklin, 
Tho: Fitzsimons, 
Robt. Morris, 
Thomas Mifflin, 



Geo. Read, 

Gunning Bedford, Jun., 

John Dickinson. 



New Hampshire, 

Nicholas Gilman. 
Massachusetts. 

Rufus King. 
Connecticut. 

Roger Sherman. 
New York. 



New Jersey. 

Wm. Patterson, 
Jona. Dayton. 

Pennsylvania. 

Geo: Qymer, 
Jared Ingersoll, 
James Wilson, 
Gouv: Morris. 

Delaware. 

• Richard Bassett, 
Jaco. Broom. 



Dan of St. Thos. Jennifer, 
James McHenry, 



Maryland, 

Daniel Carroll. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 45 

. i» 

Virginia. 

John Blair, James Madison, Jun. 

North Carolina. 

William Blount, Hu. Williamson. 

Richard Dobbs Spaight, 

' South Carolina. 

J. Rutledge, Charles Pinckney, 

Chas. Cotesworth Pinckney, Pierce Butler. 

Georgia. 

William Few, Abr. Baldwin. 

Attest : William Jackson, Secretary. 



AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION 

ARTICLE I. 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment 
of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or 
abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the 
right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition 
the government for a redress of grievances. 

ARTICLE II. 

A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security 
of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear 
arms shall not be infringed. 

ARTICLE III. 

No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any 
house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of 
war but in a manner prescribed by law. 

ARTICLE IV. 

The right of the people to secure in their persons, 
houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches 
and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall 
issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirm- 
ation, and particularly describing the place to be searched 
and the persons and things to be seized. 

ARTICLE V. 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or other- 
wise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indict- 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



2. We also have granted to all the freemen of our king- 
dom, for us and for our heirs forever, all the underwritten 
liberties, to be had and holden by them and their heirs, of 
us and our heirs forever; if any of our earls, or barons or 
others, who 'hold of us in chief by military service, shall die, 
and at the time of his death his heir shall be of full age, and 
owes a relief, he shall have his inheritance by the ancient 
relief; that is to say the heir or heirs of an earl, for a whole 
earldom, by a hundred pounds; the heir or heirs of a baron, 
for a whole barony, by a hundred pounds; the heir or heirs 
of a knight, for a whole knights fee, by a hundred shillings 
at most; and whoever oweth less shall give less according 
to the ancient custom of fees. 

3. But if the heir of any such shall be under age, and 
shall be in ward when he comes of age, he shall have his 
inheritance without relief and without fine. 

4. The keeper of the land of such an heir being under age, 
shall take of the land of the heir none but reasonable issue, 
reasonable customs and reasonable services, and that with- 
out destruction and waste of his men and his goods; and if 
we commit the custody of any such lands to the sheriff, or 
any other who is answerable to us for the issues of the land, 
and he shall make destruction and waste of the lands which 
he hath in custody, we will take of him amends, and the 
lands shall be committed to two lawful and discreet men of 
that fee, who shall answer for the issues to us, or to him 
to whom we shall assign them ; and if we sell or give to any- 
one the custody of any such lands, and he therein make de- 
struction or waste, he shall lose the same custody which 
shall he committed to the lawful and discreet men of that 
fee, who shall in like manner answer to us as aforesaid. 

5. But the keeper, so long as he shall have custody of 
the land, shall keep up the houses, parts, warrens, ponds, 
mills, and other things pertaining to the land, out of the 
issues of the same land; and shall deliver to the heir, when 
he comes of full age, his whole land, stock with plows and 
carriages, according as the time of wainage sihall require, 
and the issues of the land can reasonably bear. 

6. Heirs shall be married without disparagement, and so 
that before matrimony shall be contracted those who are near 
in blood to the heir shall have notice. 

7. A widow, after the death of her husband, shall forth- 
with and without difficulty have her marriage and inherit- 
ance; nor shall she giv-. anything for her dower, or her 
marriage, or her inhe-itance, which her husband and she 
held at the day of his death ; and she may remain in a man- 
sion v»ntig^ ni f^pj- [ing band forty days after his death, within 
which tcf- "Hgned. 




STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



8. No widow shall be distrained to marry herself so long 
as she has a mind to live without a husband ; but yet she shall 
give security that she will not marry without our assent, if 
she holds of us; or without the consent of the lord of whom 
she holds, if she holds of another. 

9. Neither we nor our bailiffs shall seize any land or rent 
for any debt, so long as the chattels of the debtor are suffi- 
cient to pay the debt; nor shall the securities of the debtor 
6e distrained so long as the principal debtor is sufficient for 
the payment of the debt; and if the princioal debtor shall fail 
in the payment of the debt, not having wherewithal to pay 
it, then the sureties shall answer the debt; and if they will 
they shall have the lands and rents of the debtor until they 
shall be satisfied for the debt which they paid for him un- 
less the principal debtor can show himself acquitted thereof 
against the said sureties. 

10. If anyone have borrowed anything of the Jews, more 
or less, and die before the debt be satisfied, there shall be no 
interest paid for that debt, so long as the heir is under age, 
of whomsoever he may hold ; and if the debt fall into our 
hands we will only take the chattel mentioned in the deed. 

11. And if anyone shall die indebted to the Jews, his wife 
shall have her dower and pay nothing of that debt; and if 
tlhe deceased left children under age, they shall have neces- 
saries provided for them, according to the tenement of the 
deceased: and out of the residue of the debt shall be paid, 
saving however the service due to the lords; and in like 
manner shall it be done touching debts due to others than 
the Jews. 

12. No scutage or aid shall be imposed in our kingdom, 
unless by the general council of our kingdom; except for 
ransoming our person, rtiaking our eldest son a knight, and 
once for inarrying our eldest daughter; and for these there 
shall be paid a reasonable aid. In like manner it shall be 
concerning the aids of the City of London. 

13. And the City of London shall have all its ancient 
liberties and free customs as well by land as by water; fur- 
thermore we will and grant, that all other cities and bur- 
oughs, and towns and ports, shall have all their liberties 
and free ciistoms. 

14. And for holding the general council of the kingdom 
concerning the assessment of aids, except in the three cases 
aforesaid, and for the assessing of scutages, we shall cause 
to be summoned the archbishops, bishops, abbots, earls and 
greater barons of the realm, singly by our letters. And fur- 
thermore we shall cause to be summoned generally by our 
sheriffs and bailiffs, all others who hold of us in chief, for a 
certain day, that is to say, forty days before their meeting at 
least, and to certain place; and in all letters of such summons 






„;„ .teougn ever, »»«",„ .W' »', «,. >»» 

kniKMs. chosen oi. «< „„o. »» j „o iM », 

the sa d assizes . in t*"^ .lewrn^^" „„ so i"?"' 

19. And if am !«»"!",.>'"" ".«'"" JeO!'"' * 

aiomaid . s\,al\ «>» '° „, leM *'° „„„a l" ',,,1 tiW " 

co,d»B »s there « "^ «',%* "5 W^S, * "•'£ 

20- A free man ^"^^V .^e 5a"}^ ' tvioS ^^ . %ing '» ,L 

coTding to tV.e l.e.a««!» „,.»='»„ be »>?,"» I>«' "j, K 
ttienf, and after tW '""^ ,tnem»»\i„aBe . ''".nis *»'. 
hi. merchandise, ^n* ' bim '""'id »»"' Sgh»*°^:,i, 
,ame manner, .av'™ '^i ,be >1°«SS ■« *' fwi " ' 
oor mercv ; and "°'"Xc,l bo««' "' „„€<«*■ 
assesacri hut by tbe oari ^^t d „ ^e. , ^ hi? "' 

See. „o< »"' tbat >««* 

23. -Neither. 'C*' »"'" ,« - "*"' 

to make hridee! ■>• /»» „„ » •*" 

24 -No ,herill.,S'cro««- 
Shan Kold pleas o' '" 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



25. All counties, hundreds, wapentakes, and tythings, 
shall stand at the old rent, without any increase, except in 

our demesne manors. 

• 

26. If any one holding of us, a lay-fee die, and the sher- 
iff, or our bailiffs, show our letters patent, of summons for 
debt which the dead man did owe to us, it shall be lawful 
for the sheriff or our bailiff to attach and inroll the chattels 
of the dead, found upon his lay-fee, to the value of the debt 
by the view of lawful men, so as nothing be removed until 
our w*holc clear debt be paid; and the rest shall be left to 
the executors to fulfill the testament of the dead, and if there 
be nothing due from him to us,. all the chattels shall go to 
the use of the dead, saving to his- wife and children their 
reasonable shares. 

27. If any freeman shall die intestate, his chattels shall 
be distributed by the hands of his nearest relations and 
friends, by view of the church; saving to every one his debts 
which the deceased owed to him. 

28. No constable or bailiff of ours shall take com or other 
chattels of any man, unless he presently give him money for 
it or hath respite of payment by the good will of the seller. 

29. No constable shall distrain any knight to give money for 
castle guards, if he himself will do it in his person, or by 
another able man in case he cannot do it through any rea- 
sonable cause. And if we lead him, or send him in an army, 
he shall be free from such guards for the time he shall be 
in the army by our command. 

30. No sheriff or bailiff of ours, or any other, shall take 
horses or carts of any free man for carriage, but by the good 
Nvill of the said free man. 

31. Neither shall we nor our bailiffs take any man's tim- 
ber for our castles or other uses, unless by the consent of 
the owner of the timber. 

32. We shall retain the lands of those convicted of felony 
only one year and a day, and then they shall be delivered to 
the lord of the fee. 

33. All wears for the time to come shall be put down in 
the rivers of Thames and Mtedway, and throughout all Eng- 
land, except upon the sea coast. 

34. The writ which is called praecipe, for the future 
shall not be made out to any one, of any tenement, whereby 
a free man may lose his court. 

, 35. There shall be one measure of wine and one of ale 
through our whole realm; and one measure of com, that is 
to say, the London quarter; and one breadth of dyed cloth, 
and russets, and haberjeets, that is to say, two ells within the 
list ; and it shall be of weights as it is of measures. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



36. Nothing from henceforth shall be given or taken for a 
writ of inquisition of life or limb, but it shall be granted freely 
and not denied. 

37. If any do hold of us by fee-farm, or by socage, or by 
burgage, and he holds also lands of any other by knight's . 
service, we will not have the custody of the heir or land, 
which is holden of another man's fee by reason of that fee- 
farm, socage, or burgage; neither will we have the custody 
of such fee- farm, socage, or burgage, except knight's service 
was due to us out of the same fee-farm. We will not have 
the custody of an heir, nor of any land which he holds of 
another by knight's service, by reason of any petty serjeanty 
that holds of us, by the .service of paying a knife, an arrow, 
or the like. 

38. No bailiff from henceforth shall put any man to his 
law upon his own bear saying ^ without credible witness to 
prove it. 

■ 39. No free man shall be taken or imprisoned or disseised, 
or outlawed, or banished, or anyways destroyd, nor will we 
pass. upon him, nor will we send upon him, unless by the 
lawful judgment of his peers, or by the law of the land. 

40. We will sell to no man, we will not deny to any man, 
either justice or right. 

41. All merchants shall have safe and secure conduct, to 
go out of, and to come into England and to stay there, and 
to pass as well by land as by water, for buying and selling 
by the ancient and allowed customs, without any evil tolls; 
except in time of war, or when they are of any nation at war 
with us. And if there be found any such in our land, in the 
beginning of the war, they shall be attached, without dam- 
age to their bodies or goods, until it be known unto us or 
our chief justiciary, how our merchants be treated in the 
nation at war with us; and if ours be safe there, the oth- 
ers shall be safe in our dominions. 

42. It shall he lawful, for the time to come, for anyone to 
go out of our kingdom and return safe and securely, by land 
or by water, saving his allegiance to us; unless in time of 
war, by some short space, for the common benefit of the 
realm, except prisoners and outlaws according to the laws 
of the land, and people in war with us, and merchants who 
shall be in such condition as is above mentioned. 

43. If any man hold of any escheat, as of the honour of 
Wallingford, Nottingham, Boulogne, Lancaster, or of other 
escheats which be in our hands, and are baronies, and die, 
his heir shall give no other relief, and perform no other serv- 
ice to us, than he would to the baron, if it were in the 
baron's hands; we will hold it after the same manner as the 
baron held it 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



44. Those men who dwelt without the forest from hence- 
forth shall not come before our justiciaries of the forest upon 
common summons, but such as are impleaded or are pledges 
for any that are attached for something concerning the forest. 

45. We will not make any justice, constables, sheriffs, or 
bailiffs but of such as know the law of the realm and mean 
duly to observe it. 

; 46. All barons who have founded abbeys and have the kings 
of England's charters of advowson or the ancient tenure there- 
of, shall have the keeping of them, when vacant, as they 
ought to have. 

47. All forests that have been made forests in our time, 
shall forthwith be disforested; and the same shall be done 
with the banks that have been fenced in by us in our time. 

48. All evil customs concerning forests, warrens, foresters 
and warreners, sheriffs and their officers, rivers and their 
keepers, shall forthwith be inquired into in each county, by 
twelve sworn knights of the same shire, chosen by creditable 
persons of the same county; and within forty days after the 
said inquest, be utterly abolished, so as never to be restored: 
so as we are first acquainted therewith, or our justiciary, ii 
we should not be in England 

49. We will immediately give up all hostages and writings 
delivered unto us by our English subjects, as securities for 
their keeping the peace, and yielding us faithful service. 

50. We will entirely remove from our bailiwicks the rela- 
tions of Gerard de Atheyes, so that for the future they shall 
have no bailiwicks in England ; we will also remove Engelard 
de Cygony, Andrew, Peter, and Gyon, from the Chancery; 
Gyon de Cygony, Geoffrey de Martyn and his brothers; 
Philip Mark, and his brothers, and his nephew, Geoffrey, 
and their whole retinue. 

51. As soon as peace is restored, we will send out of the 
kingdom all foreign soldiers, cross-bowmen, and stipendi- 
aries, who are come with horses and arms to the prejudice 
of our pec^le. 

52. If anyone has been dispossessed or deprived by us 
without the legal judgment of his peers, of his lands, castles, 
liberties, or right, we will forthwith restore them to him; 
and if any dispute arise upon his head, let the matter be de- 
cided by* the five-and-twenty barons hereafter mentioned, for 
the preservation of the peace. As for all those things of 
which any person has, without the legal judgment of his 
peers, been dispossessed or deprived, either by King Henry 
pur father, or our brother King Richard, and which we have 
in. our hands, or are possessed by others, and we are bound 
to warrant and make good, we shall have a respite till the 
term usually allowed the crusaders; excepting those things 
about which there is a plea depending, or whereof an inquest 



8 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

hath been made, by our order, before we undertook the 
crusade, but when we return from our pilgrimage, or if per- 
chance we tarry at home and do not make our pilgrimage, we 
will immediately cause full justice to be administered therein. 

53. The same respite we shall have (and in the same man- 
ner about administering justice, disafforesting the forests or 
letting them continue) for disafforesting the forests which 
Henry our father, and our brother Richard have afforested; 
and for the keeping of the lands which are in another's fee, 
in the same manner as we have hitherto enjoyed those 
wardships, by reason of a fee held by us by knight's service; 
and for the abbeys founded in any other fee than our own, in 
which the lord of the fee says he has a right ; and when we 
return from our pilgrimage, or if we tarry at home, and do 
not make our pilgrimage, we will immediately do full justice 
to all the complainants in this behalf. 

54. No man shall be taken or imprisoned upon the appeal 
of a woman, for the death of any other than her husband. 

55. All unjust and illegal fines made by us, and all amer- 
ciaments imposed unjustly and contrary to the law of the 
land, shall be entirely given up, or else be left to the decision 
of the fiye-and-twenty barons hereafter mentioned for the 
preservation of the peace, or of the major part of them, to- 
gether with the aforesaid Stephen, archbishop of Canterbury, 
if he can be present, and others whom he shall think fit to 
take along with him; and if he cannot be present, the busi- 
ness shall notwithstanding go on without him; but so that 
if one or more of the aforesaid five-and-twenty barons 
be plaintiffs in the same cause, they shall be set aside as to 
what concerns this particular affair, and others chosen in 
their room, out of the said five-and-twenty, and sworn by 
the rest to decide the matter. 

56. If we have disseised or dispossessed the Welsh, of 
any lands, liberties, or other things, without the lepal judg- 
ment of their peers, either in England or in Wales, they shall 
be immediately restored to them; and if any dispute arise 
upon this head, the matter shall be determined in the marche 
by the judgment of their peers; for tenements in England 
according to the law of England, for tenements in Wales ac- 
cording to the law in Wajes, for tenements of tl^e marche 
according to the law of the marche; the same shall the Welsh 
do to us and our subjects. 

57. As for all those things of which a Welshman hath, 
without the legal judgment of his peers, been disseised or de- 
prived of by Henry our father, or our brother King Rich- 
ard, and which we neither have in our hands, or others are 
possessed of, and we are obliged to warrant it, we shall have 
a respite till the time generally allowed the crusaders ; except- 
ing those things about which a suit is depending, or whereof 



St ATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 9 

an inquest has been made by our order, before we undertook 
th€ crusade; but when we return, or if we stay at home with- 
out performing our pilgrimage, we will immediately do them 
full justice according to the laws of the Welsh and of the 
parts before mentioned. 

58. We will without delay dismiss the son of Llewellyn, 
and all the Welsh hostages, and release them from the en- 
gagements they have entered into with us for the preservation 
of the peace. 

59. We will treat with Alexander, King of Scots,' con- 
cerning the restoring his sisters and hostages, and his rights 
and liberties, in the same form and manner as we shall do 
to tKe rest of our barons of England; unless by the charters 
which we have from his father, William, late King of Scots, 
it ought to be otherwise ; but this shall be left to the determi- 
nation of his peers in our court 

60. All the aforesaid customs and liberties, which we have 
granted to be holden in our kingdom, as much as it belongs 
to us toward our people of our kingdom, as well clergy as 
laity shall observe, as far as they are concerned toward their 
dependents. 

61. And whereas, for the honour of God and the amend- 
ment of our kingdom, and for the better quieting the discord 
that has arisen between us and our barons, we have granted 
all these things aforesaid; willing to render them firm and 
lasting, we do jgive and grant our subjects the underwritten 
security, namely that the barons may choose five-and-twenty 
barons of the kingdom, whom they think convenient; who 
shall take care, with all their might, to hold and observe^, and 
cause to be observed, the peace and liberties we have granted 
them, and this by our present charter confirmed; so that if 
we, our justiciary, our bailiffs, or any of our officers, shall in 
any circumstance fail in the performance of them toward any 
person, or shall break through any of these articles of peace 
and security, and the offense be notified to four barons chosen 
out of the five-and-twenty before mentioned, the said four 
barons shall repair to us, or our justiciary, if we are out of 
the realm, and laying open the grievance, shall petition to have 
it redressed without delay ; and if it be not redressed by us , or 
if we should chance to be out of the realm, if it should not 
be redressed by our justiciary, within forty days, reckoning 
from the. time it has been notified to us, or to our justiciary, 
(if we should be out of the realm,) the four barons afore- 
said shall lay the cause before the rest of the five-and-twenty 
barons; and the said five-and-twenty barons, together with 
the community of the whole kingdcsu, shcill distrain and dis- 
tress us in all possible ways, by seizing our castles, lands, 
possessions and in any other manner they can, till the griev- 
ance is redressed according to their pleasure ; saving harmless 



10 LEr.^3LATIVE MANUAL 



our own person, end the persons of our queen and children; 
and when it is redressed they shall obey us as. before. And any 
person whatso'iver in the kingdom, may swear that he will 
obey the orders of the. five-and- twenty barons aforesaid, in 
the execution of the premises, and will distress us, jointly 
with them^ to the utmost of his power; and we give pub- 
lic and fvee liberty to anyone that shall please to swear to 
this, r/ni never will hinder any person from taking the same 
oath. 

63 • As for all those of our subjects who will not, of their 
ow;i accord, s^year to join the Sve-and-twenty barons in dis- 
training and distressing us, we will issue orders to make them 
'iake the oath as aforesaid. And if any one of the five-and- 
kwenty barons dies, or goes out of the kingdom, or is 
hindered any other way from carrying the things aforesaid in- 
to execution, the rest of the said five-and-twenty barons may 
choose any other in his room, at their discretion, who shall be 
sworn in like manner as the rest. In all things that are commit- 
ted to the execution of these five-and-twenty barons, if when 
they are all assembled together, they should happen to dis- 
agree about any matter, and some of them, when summoned, 
will not, or cannot ccme, whatever is agreed upon, or en- 
joined, by the major part of those that are present, shall be 
reputed as firm and valid as if all the five-and-twenty had given 
their consent; and the aforesaid five-and-twenty shall swear, 
that all the premises they shall faithfully observe, and cause 
with all their power to be observed. And we will not by our- 
selves, or by any other, procure anything whereby any of 
these concessions and liberties may be revoked or lessened ; 
and if any such thing be obtained, let it be null and void; 
neither shall we ever make use of it, either by ourselves or 
any other. And all the illwill, indignations, and rancours 
that have arisen between us and our subjects, of the clergy 
and laity, from the first breaking out of the dissentions be- 
tween us, we do fully remit and forgive: moreover all tres- 
passes occasioned by the said dissentions, from Easter, in the 
fifteenth year of our reign, till the. restoration of peace and 
tranquility, we hereby entirely remit t© all, both clergy and 
laity, and as far as in us lies do fully forgive. We have, 
moreover, caused to be made for them the letter patent tes- 
timonial of Stephen, lord archbishopi of Canterbury, Henry, 
lord archbishop of Dublin, and the bishops aforesaid, as also 
of Master Pandulph, for the security and concession aforesaid. 

63. Wherefore we will and firmly enjoin that the. church 
of England be free, and that all the men in our kingdom 
have and hold all the aforesaid liberties, rights and conces- 
sions, truly and peaceably, freely and quietly, fully and wholly 
to themselves and their heirs, of us and our heirs, in all 
things and places, fprever, as is aforesaid. It is also sworn, 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA H 

as well on our part as on the part of the barons, that all the 
things aforesaid shall be observed bona fide and without evil 
strbtilty. 

Given under our hand, in the presence of the witnesses 
above named, and many others, in the meadow called Runny- 
mede, between Windsor and Staines, the 15th day of June, 
in the seventeenth year of our reign. 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 



In Congress, July 4, 1776. 

When, in the course of human events, it becomes neces- 
sary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have 
connected them with another, and to assume, among the 
powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which 
the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a 
decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they 
should declare the causes which impel them to the separa- 
tion. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are 
created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator wiih 
certain unalienable rights; tl^at among these are life, liberty 
and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, 
governments are instituted among men, deriving their just 
powers from the consent of the governed; that Whenever 
any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, 
it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to 
institute new government, laying its foundation on such 
principles, and organizmg its powers in such form, as to 
them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happi- 
ness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments loner 
established should not be changed for light and transient 
causes; and, accordingly, all experience hath shown, that 
mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are suffer- 
able, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to 
which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses 
and usurpations, pursuing invariaMy the same object, evinces 
a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their 
right, it. is their duty, to throw off such government, and 
been the patient sufferance of these colonies, and such is 
now the necessity wnich constrains them to alter their former 
systems of government. The history of the present king of 
Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpa- 
tion, all having in direct object, the establishment of an ab- 
solute tyranny over these states. To prove this let facts be 
submitted to a candid world. 

He has refused his assent to laws the most wholesome and 
necessary for the public good. 

He has forbidc*en his governors to pass laws of immediate 
and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation 
till his assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, 
he has utterly neglected to attend to them. 



1.4 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation 
ci large districts of people, unless those people would relin- 
quish the right of representation in the legislature; a right 
inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, 
uncomfortable and distant from the repository of their pub- 
lic records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into com- 
pliance with his measures. 

He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for op- 
posing with manly firmness his invasion on the rights of 
the people. 

He has refused, for a long time after such dissolutions, 
to cause others to be elected; whereby the legislative pow- 
ers, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the people 
at large for their exercise; the state remaining, in the mean- 
time, exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, 
and convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these 
states ; for that purpose obstructing the laws for naturaliza- 
tion of foreigners ; refusing to pass others to encourage their 
migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new appro- 
priations of lands. 

He has obstructed the administration of justice, by re- 
fusing his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers. 

He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the 
tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their 
salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither 
swarms of officers to harass our people, and eat out their 
substance. 

He has kept among us in times of peace, standing armies, 
without the consent of our legislatures. 

He has effected to render the military independent of 
and superior to the civil power. 

^ He has combined with others, to subject us to a jurisdic- 
tion foreign to our constitution and unacknowledged by our 
laws; giving his assent to their acts of oretended legisla- 
tion. 

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us. 

For protecting them, by a mock trial, from punishment for 
any murders which they should commit on the inhabitants 
of these states. 

For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world. 

For imposing taxes on us without our consent. 

For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of trial 
by jury. 

For transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretended 
offenses. 



ST;:rE OF NORTH DAKOTA \S 

For abolishing the free system of English laws in a neigh- 
boring province, establishing therein an arbitrary govern- 
ment, and enlarging its boundaries, so as to render it at 
once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same 
absolute rule into these colonies. 

For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valu- 
able la^^'s, and altering, fundamentally, the forms of our 
governments. 

For suspending our own legislatures, and declaring them- 
selves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases 
whatsoever. 

He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out 
of his protection, and waging war against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our 
towns, and destroyed the lives of our people. 

He is. at this time, transporting large armies of foreign 
mercenaries, to compleat the works of death, desolation and 
tyranny already begun with circumstances of cruelty and 
perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and 
totally unworthy the head of a civilized nation. 

He has constrained our fellow citizens, taken captive on 
the high seas, to bear arms against their country, to be- 
come the executioners of their friends and brethren, or to 
fall themselves by their hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has 
endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers the 
merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare is 
an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and condi- 
tions. 

In every stage of these oppressions, we have petitioned 
for redress, in the most humble terms; our repeated peti- 
tions have been answered only by repeated injury. A prince, 
whose character is thus marked by every act which may de- 
fine a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. 

Nor have we been wanting in attentions to our British 
brethren. We have warned them from time to time of at- 
tempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable juris- 
diction over us. We have reminded them of the circum- 
stances of oi;r immigration and settlement here. We have 
appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we 
have conjured them, by the ties of our common kindred, to 
disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt 
our connections and correspondence. They, too, have been 
deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, 
therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our 
separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, 
enemies in war, in peace friends. 

We therefore, the representatives of the United States of 
America, in general congress assembled, appealmg to the 



16 LEGISLATIVE ^fANUAL 

Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our inten- 
tions, do, in the name, and by authority of the good peO' 
pie of these colonies, solemly publish and declare. That these 
United Colonies are. and of right ought to be. Free and Inde- 
pendent States; that they are absolved from all allegiance 
to the British crown, and that all political connection be- 
tween them and the state of Great Britain, is and ought to 
be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent 
States, they have full power to levy war, conclude peace, 
contract alliances, establish commerce, and to do all other 
acts and things which independent states may of right do. 
And for the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance 
on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge 
to each ojther our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor. 

JOHN HANCOCK. 

New Hampshire — Josiah Bartlett, Wm. Whipple, Matthew 
Thornton. 

Massachusetts Bay — Saml. Adams, John Adams. Robt 
Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry. 

Rhode Island, Etc — Step. Hopkins, William Ellery. 

Connecticut — Roger Sherman, Sam'el Huntington, Wm. 
Williams, Oliver Wolcott. 

New York — Wm. Floyd, Phil. Livingston, Frans. Lewis, 
Lewis Morris. 

New Jersey — Richd. Stockton, Jno. Witherspoon, Fras. 
Hopkinson. John Hart, Abra. Clark. 

Pennsylvania— Robt. Morris. Benjamin Rush, Benja. Frank- 
lin, John Morton, Geo. Clymer, Jas. Smith, Geo. Taylor, 
James Wilson, Geo. Ross. 

Delaware — Cesar Rodney, Geo. Reed, Tho. M'Kean. 

Maryland— Samuel Chase, Wm. Paca, Thos. Stone, Charles 
Carroll of Carrollton. 

Virginia— George Wythe, Richard Henry Lee. Th. 
Jefferson, Benja.- Harrison, Thos. Nelson, jr., Francis 
Light foot Lee. Carter Braxton. 

North Carolina— Wm. Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn. 

South Carolina — Edward Rutledge, Tho. Hayward. innr., 
Thos. Lynch, junr.. Arthur Middleton. 

Georgia — Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, Geo. Walton. 



ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION 



[While the Declaration of Independence was under con- 
sideration in the Continental Conjjress, and before it was 
finally agreed upon, measures were taken for the establish- 
ment of a constitutional form of government; and on the 
11th of June, 1776, it was "Resolved, That a committee be 
appointed to prepare and digest the form of a confederation 
to be entered into between these Colonies" which committee 
was appointed the next day, June 12, and consisted of a 
member from eacn Colony, namely: Mr. Bartlett, Mr. S. 
Adams, Mr. Hopkins, Mr. Sherman, Mr. R. R. Livingston, 
Mr. Dickinson, Mr. McKean, Mr. Stone, Mr. Nelson, Mr. 
Hewes, Mr E. Rutledge and Mr. Gwinnett. On the 12th 
of July, 1776, the committee reported a draught of the 
Articles of Confederation, which was printed for the use of 
the members under the strictest injunctions of secrecy. 

The report underwent a thorough discussion in congress, 
from time to time until the 15th day of November, 1777; on 
which day "Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union" 
were finally agreed to in form, and they v;ere directed to be 
proposed to the legislatures of all the United States, and if 
approved by them, they were advised to authorize their dele- 
gates to ratify the same in the congress of the United States ; 
and in that event they were to become conclusive. On the 
17th of November, 1777, the congress agreed upon the form 
oi a circular letter to accompany the articles of confederation, 
which concluded with a recommendation to each of the sev- 
eral legislatures "to invest its delecates with competent pow- 
ers, ultimately, and in the name and behalf of the state, to 
subscribe articles of confederation and perpetual union of the 
United States, and to attend congress for that purpose on 
.or before the 10th day of March next." This letter was 
signed by the president of congress and sent, with a copy of 
the articles, to each state legislature. 

On the 26th of June, 1778, congress agreed upon the form 
of a ratification of the articles of confederation, and directed 
a copy of the articles and the ratification to be engrossed on 
parchment; which, on the 9th of July, 1778, having been ex- 
amined and the blanks filled, was signed by the delegates of 
New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay. Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, Pennsyl- 
vania, Virginia and South Carolina. Congress then directed 
that a circular letter be addressed to the states whose dele- 
gates were not present, or being present, conceived they were 



Blue Book-2. 



^. :V**r« J-C^t c-f inf »cr;d for ih? Ttcvr,r.5t rf nrr l-nirr:- 
"•'Oi^ iiS/^ JS"j "^i' r*iir->f, axjd bv a u: homy of ibt ?T>Dd pei>- 

■', ^ ■*•"!, C-'-' ::^'ei arc, stjC of r.rf.t oneht lo be, Fti« ar^d Irde- 
-*^-,^*-.-4 fi-^^*-j ; ihiii irty arc ai'?-: 'ved from ali ilicfiajnoe 
:.v "*-e E^^ i:. crz^wn . ix.d that iL "po.njc^j conpecTur? bf- 
vwf}*:* "*r:i. t?'i i^rt- ilalt of Grcai Bntam, is and t>2git » 
*^ '^"1 V C'^^^yitit . 2iTi6 that as Free aud iDdepcridcn 
^,..^-,.. ^.^^ **iit f'. ' ir^TA-^ to Ir^T war, coTKCL::ce p^eace, 
'.v--i--r i .i*j:*-i, t-'L\ rh conmtrcc, and to do a!! other 
>.%--i i- "t '- rr? %i''i'. ;*Cfp*^ctTii states mar of ngbt cn. 
» -.•; "v "'-!' -,:>'"^^ if "^'i Cft.iratirn, with a firm rtii^-^r* 
'r- -t» _>-'r*'-.'^ !:,5 ]>:v.rjt Prc/v rjfiice, we rnntna]"^ pledge 
'^ ^-:t ',:-*T 'v^T iti. OL-T fDn::Dcs and r':ir sacred hr-no^, 

JOHN HAS COCK. 

>'Vw Hi-^y^r'"*: — J^i*ii3 Bart'^n, \V:::i. \\*hi:pp>, Matthew 



* J* r*"* ** ^ r* 






v^i^; <.<*' - : .*,r*" ^ E i T — Sir-jj A datrrs , J : hn A darr.s, R Dbl. 
V->'/^* 7" i.' ', L':. — ^'^-p. }iz^<:T.s, W.' :a:n E'>tt 

y r » V %" V — \' i' ^. 1 \ ^i , Pr. ■ L> ':nr?t cfi , Fran s. Lrirs . 

■» r*"'^"' — y'^i 9^'>''rty^., Jtz}. Wjther^p^rn , Fras. 

>.--;, . > - i — > -y/ ' : ', — i . Lt ' i-rr, -n R -Jrh , Ben ; a. Frank- 
J-- I' ^ -''/-/-, 0>o C^**-T.tr, J as. Srt^th, Geo. T2y:Dr, 

V- V ^ ^-*--^^*-,i.- V-.^'.^i, G*-o Pt^d, '^ht ?'rKean 
. -> ' ., 'V'-j;* Vr -'^, P — .-^ Htnrv Lee. TK 
'',-■• ^ ^,'r, - '<^ ^ '* ^'^xx'*-. ^''-nj- Heires, J:hn PerjL 
C<.'.'v *"-^' ''*'- ^*'- *'-—-• L>r'-aa KiJl, Geo. WaJtoa, 



ARTICLES OF CoNFEDERATI' <\ 

^"JiiK ■At Declaration of [re h peaigart wts miier c m 
^6«ni:it)E iL dw Contmcntal Ci -uiL.c *f. wd brf-_Te h wk 

fmLIir TipTai xpon, meatims irm -aiir f- ;2e t«iM --h 
TTWTTi it: 1 -Tirn r- TTtinnal form :f p: ■ -rraarr.- ; «nj ^>n li* 
liTi IE l iTnt- r~i. it »-»« i?/jj«cr«f 7"rjr » cnrr.nift !i 
jgrpomi!;!: "n nTorere and dico: ".:« f:'-3 -; l ~tr:Vdtrali ji 
rej JR' -emerei mci. Mtvecn ibese C:'"m:ici*" m:.ir^ trjiamivv 
»aa- awnuimi;! tic antt day, J:»e 1; ■« trtmi:?".! cl of ; 

AitoEv. Ah- .^imMios. Mr.'shetnM^. M- R**K i.i'm;!.vn 
Mr l-raknisni. :rfr MeKean. Mr. S'.:jx Mr Ni-;s r-.. M- 
H«iFet. Sh 2. Sotkt^e and Mr. G«Ttinrr- ■"."n iht l-" 
oi lah . L d -mt TMiimiRee rrportei i craac':; tif ;:■ 
Aracie; cr r.mftdr-zir.n, which waf v i^ 'frd !;':■ '-tif u-e " 
ibt 3iemi-^-l. :m'JY- ■-•^ strictest inr.Tr,.-- -• " i.r^i*;-> 

Tbt TTjirr-. inimr^rn a rhoroosrb d:sc=t!-i;n. n. f.nwr'"— 
froir t-Tie -t' -ant ir-:! the 15th day of Nt^Tani-pr. 1... : ■" 
wbici CS.J 'A-^r^ if Confcderatirn »nd PrrjietaiJ l'; >• 
were ficsiT t^znat ", in form, and th<T ""«« <ire-trf 1- '• 
pnvo*<i 13 :&« '«»b(nre<i of all ihf t'nited &ii.-.r' . a- -t 
apprrirt *«■ tfaen "irr irere advised to aotboriEf tri"-.? ()•■.• 
g3-.es Xtj nr-^ -Jre ssaie In the congr«« of tbe I'nr.fd S'a"-- 
atid m lis: -rt^ -r-j^r were to hecnme conclafit, '►I '.'i 
JTth of Stifsrhrr. ITT:, the coneress atrreed np-i- tije ;' ■:; 
df a circular '»-b- -n ^./v-nn-noni- iV- ;,rt)r!ea of c-.nir':;(-it . i 



18 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

— ■ ■-■ ■■■■——■-■■■■■■■■ — ■ ■.■■■- ■ ■■ ■!■ ..^ ...l-lll-ll .1 ■■■■ -■- "1^ 

not authorized to sign the ratification, informing them how 
many and what states had ratified the articles of confedera- 
tion, and desiring them, with all convenient dispatch, to au- 
thorize their delegates to ratify the same. Of these states 
North Carolina ratified on the 21st and Georgia on the 24th 
of July, 1778; New Jersey on the 26th of November follow- 
ing; Delaware on the 5th of May, 1779; Maryland on the 
1st of March, 1781; and on the 2d of March, 1781, congrf'ss 
assembled under the new form of government.! 



ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. 

To all to whom these Presents shall come, we the undersigned 
Delegates of the States afRxed to our names, send greeting: 

Whereas the delegates of the United States of America in 
congress assembled did on the 15th day of November in the 
year of our Lord 1777, and in the second year of the inde- 
pendence of America agree to certain articles of confederation 
and perpetual union between the states of New Hampshire, 
Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Planta- 
tions, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, 
Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Caro- 
lina and Georgia, in the words following, viz : 

'^Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union between the 
States of Nezu Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Isl- 
and and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, 
New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, 
North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. 

Article I. The style of this confederacy shall be "The 
United States of America." 

Article II. Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom and 
independence, and every power, jurisdiction and right, which 
is not by this confederation expressly delegated to the United 
States in congress assembled. 

Article III. The said states hereby severally enter into a 
firm league of friendship with each other for their common 
defense, the security of their liberties, and their mutual and 
general welfare, binding themselves to assist each other, 
against all force offered to, or attacks made upon them, or any 
of them, on account of religion, sovereignty, trade, or any 
other pretense whatever. 

Article IV. The better to secure and perpetuate mutual 
friendship and intercourse among the people of the different 
states in this union, the free inhabitants of each of these 
states, paupers, vagabonds and fugitives from justice ex- 
cepted, shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of 
free citizens in the several states : and the people of each state 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 19 

shall have free ingress and regress to and from any o4her 
state, and shall enjoy therein all the privileges of trade and 
commerce, subject to the same duties, impositions and restric- 
tions as the inhabitants thereof respectively, provided that 
such restrictions shall not extend so far as to prevent the 
removal of property imported into any state, to any other 
state of which the owner is an inhabitant; provided, also, 
that no imposition, duties or restrictions shall be laid by any 
state on the property of tne United States, cr either of them. 

If any person guilty of, or charged with treason, felony, or 
other high misdemeanor in any state, shall flee from justice, 
and be found in any of the United States, he shall upon de- 
mand of the governor or executive power of the state from 
which he fled, be delivered up and removed to the state having 
jurisdiction of his offense. 

Full faith and credit shall be given in each of these states 
to the records, acts and judicial proceedings of the courts 
and magistrates of every other state. 

Article V. For the more convenient management of the 
general interest of the United States, delegates shall be an- 
nually appointed in such manner as the legislature of each 
state shall direct, to meet in congress on the first Monday in 
November, in every year, with a power reserved to each state, 
to recall its delegates, or any of them, at any time within the 
year, and to send others in their stead, for the remainder of 
the year. 

No state shall be represented in congress by less than two, 
nor more than seven members; and no person shall be 
capable of being a delegate for more than three years in any 
term of six years; nor shall any person, being a delegate, 
be capable of holding any office under the United States, for 
which he, or another for his benefit jeceives anv salary, fees, 
or emolument of any kind. 

Each state shall maintain its own delegates in anv meeting 
of the states, and while they act as members of the committee 
of the states. 

In determining questions in the United States, in congress 
assembled, each state shall have one vote. 

Freedom of speech and debate in congress shall not be im- 
peached or questioned in any court, or place out of congress, 
and the members of congress shall be protected in their per- 
sons from arrest and imprisonments, during^ the time of 
their going to and from, and attendance on congress, except 
for treason, felony, or breach of the peace. 

Article VI. No state without the consent of the United 
States in congress assembled, shall send any embassy to, or 
receive any embassy from, or enter into any conference 
agreement, alliance or treaty with any king, prince or state, 
nor shall any person holding any office of profit or trust under 



20 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



the* United States, or any of them, acce'^t of any present, 
emolument, office or title of any kind whatever from anv 
king, prince or foreign state; nor shall the United States in 
congress assembled, or any of them, grant any title of no- 
bility. 

No two or more states «hall enter into any treaty, confed- 
eration or alliance whatever between them, without the con- 
sent of the United States in congress assembled, specifying 
accurately the purposes for which the same is to be entered 
into, and how long it shall continue. 

No state shall lay any imposts or duties, which may inter- 
fere with any stipulations in treaties, entered into by the Unit- 
ed States in congress assembled with any king, prince or state, 
in pursuance of any treaties already proposed by congress to 
the courts of France or Spain. 

No vessels of war shall be kept up in time of oeace by any 
state, except such number only, as shall be deemed necessary 
by the United States in congress assembled, for the defense 
of such state, or its trade; nor shall any body of forces be 
kept up by any state, in time of peace, except such number 
only, as in the judgment of the United States, in congress 
assembled, shall be deemed reauisite to p^arrison the forts 
necessary for the defense of such state ; but every state shall 
always keep up a well regulated and disciplined militia, suffi- 
ciently armed and accoutered, and shall provide and have 
constantly ready for use, in public stores, a due number of 
field pieces and tents, and a proper quantity of arms, ammu- 
nition and camp equinap^e. 

No state shall engage in any war without the consent of the 
United States in congress assembled, unless such state be 
actually invaded by enemies, or shall have received certain 
advice of a resolution being formed by some nation of In- 
dians to invade such state, and the danger is so imminent as 
not to admit of a delay, till the United States in congress 
assembled can be consulted; nor shall any state grant com- 
missions to any ships or vessels of war, nor letters of marque 
or reprisals, except it be after a declaration of war by the 
United States in congress assembled, and then only against 
the kingdom or state, and the subjects thereof, against which 
war has been so declared, and under such regulations as shall 
be established by the United States in congress assembled, 
unless such state be infested by pirates, in which case vessels 
of war may be fitted out for that occasion, and kept so long 
as the danger shall continue, or until the United States in 
congress assembled shall determine otherwise. 

Article VII. When land forces are raised by any state 
for the common defense, all officers of or under the rank of 
colonel, shall be appointed by the legislature of each state 
respectively by whom such force shall be raised, or in such 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 21 

manner as such state shall direct, and all' vacancies shall be 
filled up by the state which first made the appointment 

Article VIII. All charges of war, and all other expenses 
that shall be incurred for the common defense or general 
welfare, and allowed by the United States in congress as- 
sembled, shall be defrayed out of a common treasury, which 
shall be supplied by the several states, in proportion to 
the value of all land within each state, granted to or surveyed 
for any person, as such land and the' buildings and improve- 
ments thereon shall be estimated according to such mode as 
the United States in congress assembled, shall from time to 
time, direct and appoint. 

The taxes for paying that proportion shall be laid and levied 
by the authority and direction of the legislatures of the several 
states within the time agreed upon by the United States in 
congress assembled. 

Article IX. The United States in congress assembled, 
shall have the sole and exclusive right and power of determin- 
ing on peace and war, except the case mentioned in the 6th 
article — of sending and receiving ambassadors — entering into 
treaties and alliances, provided that no treaty of commerce 
shall be made whereby the legislative power of the respective 
states shall be restrained from imposing such imposts and 
duties on foreigners, as their own people are subject to, or 
from prohibiting the exportation or importation of any species 
of goods or commodities whatsoever — of establishing rules for 
deciding in all cases, what captures on land or water shall be 
legal, and in what manner prizes taken by land or naval forces 
in the service of the United States, shall be divided or ap- 
propriated — of granting letters of marque and reprisal in times 
of peace — appointing courts for the trial of piracies and felon- 
ies committed on the hip^h seas and establishing courts for re- 
ceiving and determininor finallv appeals in all cases of captures, 
provided that no member of congress shall be appointed a 
jttdsfe of any of the said courts. 

The United States in congress assembled shall also be the 
last resort on appeal in all disputes and differences now sub- 
sisting or that hereafter may arise between two or more states 
concerning boundarv. jurisdiction or any other cause what- 
ever; which authority shall always be exercised in the man- 
ner following: Whenever the legislative or executive author- 
ity or lawful agent of any state in controversy with another 
shall present a petition to congress, stating the matter in ques- 
tion and praying for a hearing, notice thereof shall be given 
by order of congress to the legislative or executive authoritv 
of the other state in controversy, and a day assigned for the 
appearance of the parties by their lawful agents, who shall 
then be directed to appoint by joint consent, commissioners 
or judges to constitute a court for hearing and determining 



22 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



the matter in question: but if they cannqt agree, congress 
shall name three persons out of each of the United States, 
and from the list of such persons each party shall alternately 
strike out one, the petitioners beginning, until the number 
shall be reduced to thirteen; and from that number not less 
than seven, nor more than nine names as congress shall di- 
rect, shall in the presence of congress be drawn out by lot, 
and the persons whose names shall be so drawn or any five 
of them, shall be commissioners or judges, to hear and final- 
ly determine the controversy, so always as a major part of 
the judges who shall hear the cause shall agree in the deter- 
mination: and if either party shall neglect to attend at the 
day appointed, without showing reasons, which congress shall 
judge sufficient, or beinp^ present shall refuse to strike, the 
congress shall proceed to nominate three persons out of each 
state, and the secretary of congress shall strike in behalf of 
such party absent or refusmg ; and the j udgment and sentence 
of the court to be appointed, in the manner before prescribed, 
shall be final and conclusive; and if any of the parties shall 
refuse to submit to the authority o such court, or to appear 
or defend their claim or cause, the court shall nevertheless 
proceed to pronounce sentence or judgment, which shall in 
like manner be final and decisive, and the judgment or sen- 
tence and other proceedings being in either case transmitted 
to congress and lodged among the acts of congress for the 
security of the parties concerned: provided that every com- 
missioner, before he sits in judgment, shall take an oath to 
be administered by one of the judges of the supreme or super- 
ior court of the state, where the cause shall be tried, *Vell and 
truly to hear and determine the matter in question, accord- 
ing to the best of his judgment, without favor, affection or 
hope of reward :" provided also that no state shall be depriv- 
ed of territory for the benefit of the United States. 

All controversies concerning the private right of soil claimed 
under different grants of two or more states, whose juris- 
dictions as they may respect such lands, and the states which 
passed such grants are adjusted, the said grants or either of 
them being at the same time claimed to have originated ante- 
cedent to such settlement of jurisdiction, shall on the petition 
of either party to the conerress of the United States, be finally 
determined as near as may be in the same manner as is before 
prescribed for deciding disputes respecting territorial juri. 
diction between different states. 

The United States in congress assembled shall also have the 
sole and exclusive right and power of regulating the alloy 
and value of coin struck by their own authority, or by that of 
the respective states — fixing the standard of weights and 
measures throughout the United States — regulating the trade 
and managing all affairs with the Indians, not members of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 23 

any of the states, provided that the legislative right of any 
state within its own limits be not infringed or violated — estab- 
lishing or regulating postoffices from one state to another, 
tnroughout all the United States, and exacting such postage on 
the papers passing thro' the same as may be requisite to defray 
the expense of the said office — appointing all officers of the 
land forces, in the service of the United States, excepting 
regimental officers — appointing all the officers of the naval 
forces, and commissioning all officers whatever in the service 
of the United States — making rules for the government and 
regulation of the said land arid naval forces, and directing 
their opers^tions. 

The United States in congress assembled shall have author- 
ity to appoint a committee, to sit in the recess of congress, 
to be denominated "A Committee of tne States," and to con- 
sist of one delegate from each state ; and to appoint such other 
committees and civil officers as may be necessary for manag- 
ing the general affairs of the United States under their direc- 
tion — to appoint one of their number to t>reside, provided that 
no person shall be allowed to serve in the office of president 
more than one year in any term of three vears ; to ascertain 
the necessary sums of money to be raised for the service of the 
United States, and to appropriate and apply the same for de- 
fraying the oublic expenses — to borrow money, or emit bills on 
the credit of the United States, transmitting -every half year 
to the respective states an account of the sums of money so 
borrowed or emitted — to build and equip a navy — to agree 
upon the number of land forces, and to make requisitions 
from each state for its quota, in proportion to the number of 
white inhabitants in such state; which reauisitions shall be 
binding, and thereupon the legislature of each state shall ap- 
point the resfimental officers, raise the men and clothe, arm 
and equip them in a soldier like manner, at the expense of the 
United States; and the officers and men so clothed, armed 
and equipped shall march to the place appointed and within 
the time agreed on by the United States in conp^ress assem- 
bled ; but if the United States in congress assembled shall, on 
consideration of circumstances judge proner that any state 
should not raise men, or should raise a smaller number than 
its quota, and that any other state should 'raise a greater num- 
ber of men than the quota thereof, such extra number shall be 
raised, officered, clothed, armed and equipped in the same 
manner as the '^uota of such state, unless the legislature of 
: -jch state shall j udge that such extra number cannot be safely 
spared out of the same, in which case they shall raise, officer, 
clothe, arm and equip as many of such extra numbers as they 
judge can be safely spared. And the officers and men so 
clothed, armed and equipped, shall march to the place ap- 



24 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

pointed, and within the time agreed on by the United States 
in congress assembled. 

The United States in congress assembled shall never engage 
in a war, nor grant letters of marque and reprisal in time of 
peace, nor enter into any treaties or alliances, nor coin money, 
nor regulate the value thereof, nor ascertain the sums and ex- 
penses necessary for the defense and welfare of the United 
States, or any of them, nor emit bills, nor borrow, money on 
the credit of the United States, nor appropriate money, nor 
agree upon the number of vessels of war. to be built or pur- 
chased, or the number of land or sea forces to be raised, nor 
appoint a commander-in-chief of the army or navy, unless 
nine states assent to the same; nor shall a question on any 
other point, except for adjourning from day to day be deter- 
mined, unless by the votes of a majority of the United States 
in congress assembled. 

The congress of the United States shall have power to ad- 
journ to any time within the year, and to any place within the 
United States, so that no period of adjournment be for a 
longer duration that the space of six months and shall pub- 
lish the journal of their proceedings monthly, except such 
parts thereof relating to treaties, alliances or military opera- 
tions, as in their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and 
nays of the delegates of each state on any question shall be 
entered on the journal, when it is desired by any delegate; and 
the delegates oi a state, or any of them, at his or their request 
shall be furnished with a transcript of the said Journal, ex- 
cept such parts as ^re above excepted, to lay before the leg- 
islature of the several states. 

Article X. The committee of the states, or any nine 
of/ them, shall be authorized to execute, in the recess of con- 
gress, such of t^e powers of congress as the United States in 
congress assembled, by the consent of nine states, shall from 
time t(^ time think expedient to vest them with ; provided that 
no power be delegated to the said committee, for the exercise 
of which, by the articles of confederation, the voice of nine 
states in the congress of the United States assembled is re- 
quisite. 

Article XL Canada acceding to this confederation, and 
joining in the measures of the United States, shall be admitted 
into, and entitled to all the advantages of this union : but no 
other colony shall be admitted into the same, unless such ad- 
mission be agreed to by nine states. 

Article XII. All bills of credit emitted, moneys borrowed 
and debts contracted by, or under the authority of co'hgress, 
before the assembling of the United States, in pursuance of 
the present confederation, shall be deemed and considered as 
a charge against the United States, for payment and satisfac- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 25 

s 

tion whereof the said United States, and the public faith are 
hereby solemnly pledged. 

Article XIII. Every state shall abide by the determina- 
tions of the United States in congress assembled, on all ques- 
tions which by this confederation are submitted to them. 
And the articles of this confederation shall be inviolably 
•observed . by every state, and the union shall be perpetual ; 
nor shall any alteration at any time hereafter be made in any 
of them; unless such alteration be agreed to in a congress of 
the United States, and be afterwards confirmed by tne legis- 
latures of every state. 

And whereas it hath pleased the Great Governor of the 
World to incline the hearts of the legislatures we respectively 
represent in congress, to approve of, and to authorize us to 
ratify the. said articles of confederation and peroetual union. 
Kno.v Ye that we the undersigned delegates, bv virtue of 
the power and authority to us given for that purpose, do by 
these presents, in the name and in behalf of our respective con- 
stituents, fully and entirely ratify and confirm each and every 
of the said articles of confederation and perpetual union, and 
all and singular the matters and things therein contained ; and 
we do further solemnly plight and engage the faith of our 
respective constituents, that they shall abide by the determina- 
tions of the United States in congress assembled, on all ques- 
tions; which by the said confederation are submitted to 
them. And that the articles thereof shall be inviolably ob- 
served by the states we respectively represent, and that the k 
union shall be perpetual. 

In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands in 
Congress. Done in Philadelphia in the state of Pennsylvania 
the 9th day of July in the Year of our Lord, 1778, and in 
the 3d year of the Independence of America. 

On the part and behalf of the State of New Hampshire — 
Josiah Bartlett, John Wentworth, Jun. (August 8, 1778.) 

On the part and behalf of the State of Massachusetts Bay 
— John Hancock, Samuel Adams, Elbridge Gerry, Francis 
Dana, James Lovell, Samuel Holten. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations — William Ellery, Henry Marchant, 
John Collins. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Connecticut — Roger 
Sherman, Samuel Huntington, Oliver Wolcott, Titus Hosmer, 
Andrew Adam. 

On the part and behalf of the State of New York — Jas. 
Duane, Eras Lewis, William Duer, Gouvr Morris. 

On the part and behalf of the State of New Jersey — Jno. 
Witherspoon, Nathl Scudder. (Nov 26, 1778.) 



26 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

On the part and behalf of the State of Pennsylvania — Robt. 
Morris, Daniel Roberdeau, Jona Bayard Smith, William 
Clingan, Joseph Reed. (July 22nd. 1778.) 

On the part and behalf of the State of D elawar e-^Tho. 
M'Kean, (Feb. 12, 1779,) John Dickinson. (May 5, 1779.) 
Nicholas Van Dyke. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Maryland — ^John 
Hanson. (March 1, 1781,) Daniel Carroll, (March 1, 1781.) 

On the part and behalf of the State of Virginia — Richard 
Henry Lee. John Bannister, Thomas Adams, Jno. Harvie. 
Francis Light foot Lee. 

On the part and behalf of the State of North Carolina — 
John Penn, (July 21, 1778.) Corns. Harnett, Jno. Williams. 

On the part and behalf of the State of South Carolina — 
Henry Laurens,^ William Henry Drayton, Jno. Mathews, 
Richard Hutson, Thos. Heyward, Jun. 

On the part qnd behalf of the State of Georgia — Jno. Wal- 
ton. (July 24th, 1778,) Edwd. Telfair, Edwd. Langworthy. 



ORDINANCE OF 1787 



AN ORDINANCE FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE 
TERRITORY OF THE UNITED STATES NORTH- 
WEST OF THE RIVER OHIO. 

In Congress/ July 13, 1787. 

Be it ordained by the United States in Congress assembled. 
that the said territory, for the purposes of temporary o'overn- 
ment, be one district; subject, however, to be divided into 
two districts, as future circumstances may, in the opinion 
of Congress, make it expedient. 

Be it Ordained by the authority aforesaid, That the states 
both of resident and non-resident proprietors in the said Terri- 
tory dying intestate, shall descend to and be distributed 
among their children and the descendants of a deceased child 
in equal parts; the descendants of a deceased child or grand- 
child to take the share of their deceased parent in equal 
parts among them ; and where there shall be no children or 
descendants, then in equal parts to the next of kin, in equal 
degree; and among collaterals, the children of a deceased 
brother or sister of the intestate shall have in equal parts 
among them their deceased parents' share; and there shall 
in no case be a distinction between kindred of the whole 
and half blood; saving in all cases to the widow of the in- 
testate her third part of the real estate for life, and one-third 
part of the personal estate: and this law relative to descents 
and dower shall remain in full force until altered by th'i 
legislature of the district. And until the governor and 
judges shall adopt laws as hereinafter mentioned, estates in 
the said Territory may be devised or bequeathed by wills in 
writing, signed and sealed by him or her in whom the estate 
may be, (being of full age,) and attested by three witnesses; 
and real estate may be conveyed by lease and release or bar- 
gain and sale, signed, sealed, and delivered, by the person, 
being of full age, in whom the estate may be, and attested by 
two witnesses, provided such wills be duly proved, and such 
conveyances be acknowledged, or the execution thereof duly 
proved, and be recorded within one year after proper magis- 
trates, courts, and registers shall be appointed for that pur- 
pose; and personal propertv mav be transferred by delivery, 
saving, however, to the French and Canadian inhabitants, and 
other settlers of the Kaskaskies, Saint Vincent's and the 
neighboring villages, which have heretofore professed them- 



28 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

selves citizens of Virginia, their laws and customs now in 
force among them relative to descent and conveyance of 
property. ' 

Be it ordained by the authority aforesaid. That there shall 
be appointed from time to time, by Congress, a governor, 
whose commission shall continue in force for the term of 
three years, unless sooner rev.oked by Congress; he shall re'- 
side in the district, and have a freehold estate therein, in one 
thousand acres of Iknd, while in the exercise of his office. 

There shall be appointed from time to time, by Congress, 
a secretary, whose commission shall continue in force for 
four ^ years, unless sooner revoked ; he shall reside in the 
district and have a freehold estate therein, in five hundred 
acres of land, while in the exercise of his office. It shall be 
his duty to keep and preserve the acts and laws passed b'' the 
legislature, and the public records of the district, and the 
proceedings of the «yovernor in his Executive department, and 
transmit authentic copies of such acts and proceedings every 
six months to the secretary of Congress. There shall also 
be appointed a court to consist of three judges, anv two of 
whom to form a court, who shall have a common law juris- 
diction, and reside in the district, and have each therein a 
freehold estate in five hundred acres of land, while in the 
exercise of their offices; and their commissions shall continue 
in force during good behavior. 

The governor and judges or a majority of them, shall 
adopt and publish in the district such laws of the original 
States, criminal and civil, as may be necessary and best 
suited to the circumstances of the district, and report them 
to Congress from time to time, which laws stiall be in force 
in the district until the organization of the General Assembly 
therein, unless disanoroved by Congress ; but afterwards 
the legislature shall have authority to alter them as they shall 
think fit. 

The governor for the time being shall be commander-in- 
chief of the militia, appoint and commission all officers in the 
same below the rank of general officers; all general officers 
shall be appointed and commissioned by Congress. 

Previous to the organization of the General Assembly, the 
governor shall appoint such magistrates and other civil officers, 
in each county or township, as he shall find necessary for the 
preservation of the peace and good order in the same. After 
the General Assembly shall be organized, the powers and 
duties of magistrates and other civil officers shall be regulat- 
ed and defined by the said Assembly; but all magistrates and 
other civil officers, not herein otherwise directed, shall, dur- 
ing the continuance of this temporary government, be ap- 
pointed by the governor. 



/ 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 29 

For the prevention of crimes and injuries^ the laws to be 
adopted or made shall have force in all parts of the district, 
and for the execution of process, criminal and civil, the gov- 
ernor shall make proper divisions thereof; and he shall pro- 
ceed from time to time, as circumstances may require, to lay 
out the parts of the district in which the Indian titles shall 
have been extinguished into counties and townships, subject, 
however, to such alterations as may thereafter be made by 
the Legislature. 

So soon as there shall be five thousand free male inhab- 
itants, of full age, in the district, upon giving proof thereof to 
the governor, they shall receive authority, with time and 
place, to elect representatives from their counties or town- 
ships, to represent them in the General Assembly; provided 
that for every five hundred free male inhabitants, there shall 
be one representative, and so on progressively with the num- 
ber of free male inhabitants shall the right of .representation 
increase, until the number of representatives shall amount to 
twenty-five, after which the number and proportion of rep- 
resentatives shall be regulated by the Legislature; provided, 
that no person be eligible or qualified to act as a representative 
unless he shall have been a citizen of one of the United States 
three years, and be 2 resident in the district, or unless he 
shall have resided in the district three years, and in either case 
shall likewise hold in his own right, in fee-simple, two hun- 
dred acres of land within the same : Provided also that a free- 
hold of fifty acres of land in the district, having been a citizen 
of one of the States, and being resident in the district, or the 
like freehold and two years' residence in the district shall 
be necessary to qualify a man as an elector of a represent- 
ative. 

The representative thus elected shall serve for the term of 
two years, and, in case of the death of a representative, or re- 
moval ' from office, the <yovernor shall issue a writ* to the 
county or township for which he was a member to elect 
another in his stead, to serve for the residue of the term. 

The General Assembly, or lejrislature, shall consist of the 
governor, legislative council, and a hougt of representatives. 
The legislative council shall consist of five members, to con- 
tinuje in office five years, unless sooner removed by Congress, 
any three of whom to be a quorum, and the members of the 
council shall be nominated and appointed in the following 
manner, to wit: As soon as representatives shall be elected, 
the governor shall appoint a time and place for them to meet 
together, and, when met, thev shall nominate ten persons, 
residents in the district, and each possessed of a freehold 
in five hundred acres of land, and return their names to 
Congress; five of whom Congress shall appoint and com- 
mission to serve as aforesaid; and whenever a vacancy shall 



30 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

happen in the council, by death or removal from office, the 
house of representatives shall nominate two persons, qualified 
as aforesaid, for each vacancy, and return their names to 
Congress; one of whom congress shall appoint and com- 
mission for the residue of the term, and every five years, four 
months at least before the expiration of the time ot service 
of the members of the council, the said house shall nominate 
ten persons, qualified as' aforesaid, and return their names to 
Congress, five of whom Congress shall appoint and commis- 
sion to serve as members of the council five years, unless 
sooner removed. And the governor, legislative council, and 
the house of representatives, shall have authority to make 
laws, in all cases for the good government of the district, 
not repugnant to the principles and articles in this ordinance 
established and declared. And all bills, having passed by a 
majority in the house, and by a- majority in the council, 
shall be referred to the governor for his assent; but no bill 
or legislative act whatever, shall be of any force without 
his assent. The governor shall have power to convene, pro- 
rogue and dissolve the General Assembly, when in Tiis opinion 
it shall be expedient. 

The governor, judges, legislative council, secretary, and 
such other officers as Congress shall appoint in the district 
shall take an oath or affirmation of fidelity and of office; the 
p^overnor before the oresident of congress ; and all other 
officers before the governor. As soon as a legislature shall be 
formed in the district, the council and house assembled, in one 
room, shall have authority, by joint ballot, to elect a delesrate 
to Confyress, who shall have a seat in Congress, with a rignt 
of debatinp^. but not of voting during this temporary govern- 
ment. 

And for extending the fundamental principles of civil and 
religious liberty, which form the basis whereon these repub- 
lics, their laws, and constitutions are erected; to fix and 
establish those principles as the basis of all laws: constitu- 
tions, and governments which forever hereafter shall be form- 
ed in the said Territorv; to provide, also, for the establish- 
ment of States, and permanent government therein, and for 
their admission to a share in the federal councils on an equal 
footing with the original States, at as early periods as may be 
consistent with the general interest: 

It is hereby ordained and declared, by the authority afore- 
said. That the followmg articles shall be considered as ar- 
ticles of compact, between the original States and the people 
and States in the said Territory, and forever remain un- 
alterable, unless by common consent, to wit : 

Art. 1. No person, demeaning himself in a peaceable and 
orderly manner, shall ever be molested on account of his mode 
of worship or religious sentiments, in the said Territory. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 31 

Art. 2. The inhabitants of the said Territory shall always 
be entitled to the benefits of the writ of habeas corpus, and 
of the trial by jury: of a proportionate representation of the 
people in the legislature, and of judicial proceedings accord- 
ing to the course of the common law. All persons shall be 
bailable, unless for capital offenses, where the proof shall 
be evident, or the presumt^tion great. All fines shall be 
moderate, and no cruel or unusual punishments shall be in- 
flicted. No man shall be deprived of his liberty or property, 
but by the judgment of his peers, or the law of the land, and 
should the public exigencies make it necessary, for the com- 
mon preservation, to take any person's prooerty, or to demand 
his particular services, full compensation shall be made for 
the same. And, in the just preservation of rights and prop- 
erty, it is understood and declared, that no law ought ever to 
be made, or have force in said territory, that shall, in any 
manner whatever, interfere with, or affect private contracts 
or engagements, bona fide, and without fraud, previously 
formed. 

Art. 3. Religion, morality, and knowledge, being necessary 
to good government, and ^je happiness of mankind, schools 
and the means of education shall forever be encouraged. 
The utmost good faith shall always be observed toward the 
Indians; their lands and property shall never be taken from 
them without their consent; and in their property rights, and 
liberty, they shall never be invaded or disturbed, unless in 
just and lawful w^ars authorized by Congress; but laws found- 
ed in justice and humanity shall from time to time, be made, 
for preventing wrongs being done to them, and for preserv- 
ing peace and friendsnip with them. 

Art. 4. The said territory, and the States which may be 
formed therein shall forever remain a part of this confederacy 
of the United States of /\merica, subject to the articles of 
Confederation, and to such alterations therein as shall be con- 
stitutionally mad*** and to all the acts and ordinances of the 
United States, in Consrress assembled, conformable thereto. 
The inhabitants and settlers in t"e said territory shall be 
subject to pay a part of the federal debts, contracted or to be 
contracted, and a proportional part of the expenses of gov- 
ernment, to be apportioned on them by Congress, according 
to the same common rule and measure by which apportion- 
ments thereof shall be made on the other States; and the 
taxes for paying their proportion shall be laid and levied by 
the authority and direction of the legislatures of the district or 
districts, or new States, as in the original States, within the 
time agreed upon by the United States, in Congress assem- 
bled. The legislatures of those districts, or new States, shall 
never interfere with the primary disposal of the soil by the 
United States in Congress assembled, nor with anV regula- 



32 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 
_^ \ 

tions Congress may find necessary, for securing the title in 
such soil, to the bona fide purchasers. No tax shall be im- 
posed on lands, the property of the United States * and in no 
case shall non-resident proprietors be taxed higher than resi- 
dents. The navigable waters leading into the Mississippi and 
St. Lawrence, and the carrying: places between the same, shall 
be common highways, and forever free, as well as to the 
inhabitants of the said territory as to the citizens of the Unit- 
ed States, and those of any other States that may be admitted 
into the Confederacy, without any tax, impost, or duty there- 
for. 

Art. 5. There shall be formed in the said territory not less 
than three, or more than five Stated; and the boundaries of 
the States, as soon as Virginia shall alter her act of cession, 
and consent to the same, shall become fixed and established 
as follows, to wit: the western State in the said territory, 
shall be bounded by the Mississippi, the Ohio, and Wabash 
rivers; a direct line drawn from the Wabash and Post Vin- 
cents, due north, to the territorial line between the United 
States and Canada; and by the said territorial line to the 
Lake of the Woods and Mississippi. The middle States shall 
be bounded by the said direct line, the Wabash, from Post 
Vincents to the Ohio, by the Ohio, by a direct line drawn due 
north from the mouth of the Great Miami to the said terri- 
torial line, and by the said territorial line. The eastern State 
shall be bounde<i by the last mentioned direct line, the Ohio, 
Pennsylvania, and the said territorial liner provided, how- 
ever, and it is further understood and declared, that the 
boundaries of these three States shall be subject so far to be 
altered, that if congress shall hereafter find it expedient, they 
shall have authority to form one or two States in that part 
of the said territory which lies north of an east and west line 
drawn through the southerly bend or extreme of Lake Michi- 
gan. And whenever any of the said States shall have sixty 
thousand free inhabitants therein, such State shall be ad- 
mitted by its delegates, into the Congress of the United 
States, on an equal footing with the original States, in all 
respects whatever; and shall be at liberty to form a perma- 
nent constitution and State government; provided the con- 
stitution and government, so to be formed, shall be republic- 
an, and in conformity to the principles contained in these 
articles; and, so far as can be consistent with the general 
interest of the Confederacy, such admissions shall be allow- 
ed at an earlier period, and when there may be a less num- 
ber of free inhabitants in the State than sixty thousand. 

Art. 6. There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary 
servitude in the said territory, otherwise than in the punish- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 33 

ment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly con- 
victed; provideil, always, that any person escaping into the 
same, from whom labor or service is lawfullv claimed in any 
one of the original states, such fugitive may be lawfully 
reclaimed, and conveyed to the person claiming his or her 
labor or services as aforesaid. 

Be it ordained by the authority aforesaid, That the reso- 
lutions of the 23d of April, 1784, relative to the subject of 
this ordinance, be, and the same is hereby, repealed, and 
deola*"ed null and void. 

Done by the United States, in Congress assembled, the 
13th day of July, in the year of our Lord 1787, and of their 
sovereignty and independence the 12th. 

CHARLES THOMSON. 

Secretary. 



^Blue Book— 3. 



»,v\si I ivTIOX OF THE UNITED STATES 

OF AMERICA 



I Iv 



u 



\o ^ I he constitution was adopted Seittembcr 17, 17S7, by 
. Mii>.tLis constant of the states present in the convention ap- 

V I uv pursuance of the resolution of the congress of the con- 
V'.. iv>u, of February 21, 17b7, and was ratified by the con- 

>!•> of the several states, as follows, viz: By convention of 
.iwaic. l>ecember 7, 1787; Pennsylvania, December 12, 1787; 



\cv\ Kr.sey, December 18, 1787; (ieorgia, January 2, 1788; Con- 
v.v^u*.ut January 9, 1788; Massachusetts, February 6, 1788; Mary- 
liuJ, April 28, 1788; South Carolina, May 23, 1788; New Hamp- 
.-.luus June 21, 1788; Virginia, June 26, 1788; New York, July 26, 
I.sn; North Carolina, November 21, 1789; Rhode Island, May 20, 1790. 

I he first ten of the amendments were proposed at the first ses- 
sion of the first congress of the United States, September 25, 1789, 
and \Ncre finally ratmed by the constitutional number of states, 
iKccmber 15. 1791. 

l he eleventh amendment was proposed at the first session of the 
third cc»ngress, March 5, 1794, and was declared in a message from 
the president of the United States to both houses of congress, dated 
January 8, 1798, to have been adopted by the constitutional number 
itf states. 

The twelfth amendment was proposed at the first session of 
the eighth congress, December 12, 1803, and was adopted by the 
et)n5'titutional number of state in 1804, according to public notice 
thereof by the secretary of state, dated September 25, 1804. 

The thirteenth amendment was proposed at the second session 
of the thirty-eighth congress, February 1, 1805' and was adopted 
by the constitutional number of states in 1805, according to a public 
ndtiee thereof by the secretary of state, dated December 18, 1865. 

The fourteenth amendment took effect July 28, 1808. 
The fifteenth amendment took effect March 30, 1870.] 

We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more 
nerfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquil- 
ity, provide for the common defense, promote the general 
welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves 
and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution 
for the United States of America. 

ARTICLE 1. — The Congress. 

Section 1. All legislative powers herein granted, shall be 
vested in a Congress of tlie United States, which shall con- 
sist ot a senate and house of representatives. 

Sec. II. The house of representatives shall be composed 
of members chosen every second year by the people of the 
several states, and the I'lectors in each state shall have the 
qualifications reouisite for electors of the most numerous 
branch of the state legislature. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 35 

^ 

No person shall be a representative who shall not have 
attained to the ajje of twenty-five years, and been seven 
years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, 
when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he 
shall be chosen. 

• Representatives * (and direct taxes shall be apportioned 
among the several states which may be included within this 
Union, according to their respective numbers, which shall 
be determined by adding to the whole number of free per- 
sons, including those bound to service for a term of years, 
and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other 
persons.) The actual enumeration shall be made within 
three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the 
United States, and Within every subsequent term of ten 
years, in such manner as they shall bv law direct. The 
number of representatives shall not exceed one for every 
thirty thousand, but each state shall have at least one 
representative ; and until such enumeration shall be made, 
the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose 
^three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence 
Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York six. New Jer- 
sey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Marvland six, 
Virginia ten, North Carolina five. South Carolina five, and 
Georgia three. 

When vacancies happen in the representation from any 
state, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of 
election to fill such vacancies. 

The house of representatives shall choose their speaker 
and other officers; and shall have the sole power of im- 
peachment. 

Sec. III. The senate of the United States shall be com- 
posed of two senators from each state, chosen by the legis- 
lature thereof, for six years; and each senator snail have 
one vote. 

Immediately after thev shall be assembled in conse- 
quence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally 
as may be into three classes. The seats of the senators of 
the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the sec- 
ond year; of the second class at the expiration of the fourth 
year; and of the third class at the expiration of the sixth 
year, so that one-third may be chosen every second year; 
and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise dur- 
ing the recess of the legislature of any state, the executive 
thereof may make temporary appointments until the next 
meeting of the legislature, which shall then fill such vacan- 
cies. 



*The clause included in brackets is amended by the fourteenth 
amendment. 



36 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

No person shall be a senator who shall not have attained 
the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of 
the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an 
inhabitant of that state for which he shall be chosen. 

The vice president of the United States shall be president 
of the senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally 
divided. 

The senate shall choose their other officers, and also a 
president pro tempore, in the absence of the vice president, 
or when he shall exercise the office of the president of the 
United States. 

The senate shall have the sole power to try all impeach- 
ments. When sitting for that purpose Hhey shall be on 
oath or affirmation. When the president of the United 
States is tried the chief justice shall preside; and no per- 
son shall be convicted without the concurrence of two- 
thirds (5f the members present. 

Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend 
further than to removal from office, and disqualification to 
hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under the 
United States; but the party convicted shall nevertheless 
be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment and 
punishment according to law. 

Sec. IV. The times, places and manner of holding elec- 
tions for senators and representatives, shall be nrescribed 
in each state by the legislature thereof; but the Congress 
may at any time by law make or alter such regulations, 
except as to the places of choosing senators. 

The congress shall assemble at least once in every year, 
and such meetings shall be on the first Monday in December, 
unless they shall by law appoint a different day. 

Sec. V. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, 
returns and qualifications of its own members, and a ma- 
jority of each shall constitute a quorum to do business; 
but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and 
may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent mem- 
bers, in such manner, and under such penalites as each 
house may provide. 

Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, 
punish its members for disorderly behavior and, with the 
concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member. 

Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and 
from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts 
as may in their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas 
and nays of the members of either house on any question 
shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered 
on the journal. 

Neither house during the session of congress, shall 
without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 37 

three days, nor to any other place than that in which the 
two houses shall be sitting. 

Sec. VI. The senators and representatives shall receive 
a compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, 
and paid out of the treasury of the United States. They 
shall in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the 
peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance 
at the session of their respective houses, and in poino: to and 
returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in 
either house they shall not be questioned in any other 
place. 

No senator or representative shall, during the time for 
which he was elected, be apoointed to any civil office under 
the authority of the United States which shall have been 
created, or the emoluments thereof shall have been in- 
creased during such time; and no person holdinp- anv office 
under the United States, shall be a member of either house 
during his continuance in office. 

Sec. VII. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in 
the house of representatives; but the senate may propose 
to concur with amendments as on other bills. 

Every bill which shall have passed the house of represen- 
tatives and the senate, shall, before it becomes a law, be 
presented to the president of the United States; if he ap- 
prove he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with 
his objections, to that house in which it shall have origin- 
ated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, 
and proceed to consider it. If after such reconsideration 
two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass the bill, it shall 
be sent, together with the objections, to the other house, by 
which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by 
two-thirds of that house, it shall become a law. But in all 
such cases the votes of both houses shall be determined by 
yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and 
against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each 
house respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by 
the president within ten days (Sundavs excepted) after it 
shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law, 
in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the congress by 
their adjournment prevent its return, in which case it shall 
not be a law. 

Every order, resolution or vote to which the concurrence 
of the senate and house of representatives may be neces- 
sary (except on a question of adjournment), shall be pre- 
sented to the president of the United States; and before the 
same shall take effect, shall be approved by him, or being 
disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two-thirds of the 
senate and house of representatives, according to the rules 
and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill. 



3H LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Sec. VIII. The congress shall have the power: 

To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to 
pay the debts and provide for the common defense, and gen- 
eral welfare of the United States: but all duties imposts 
and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States. 

'i'o borrow mone^' on the credit of the United States. 

To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among 
the several states, and with the Indian tribes. 

To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and uni- 
form laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the 
United States. ' 

To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign 
coin, and fix the standards of weights and measures. 

To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the se- 
curities and current coin of the United States. 

To establish post offices and post roads. 

To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by 
securing for limited times to authors and inventors the 
exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. 

To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court. 

To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on 
the high seas and offenses against the law of nations. 

To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and 
make rules concerning captures on land and water. 

To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of 
money to that use shall be for a longer term than two 
years. 

To provide and maintain a navy. 

To make rules for the government and regulation of the 
land and naval forces. 

To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws 
of the union, suppress insurrections and repel invasions. 

To provide for organizing, arming and disciplining the 
militia, and for e^overninp- such part of them as may be em- 
ployed in the serivce of the United States, reserving to the 
states, respectively, the appointment of the officers and the 
authority of training the militia according to the discinline 
prescribed by congress. 

To exercise exclusive legislation, in all cases whatsoever, 
over such district, (not exceeding ten miles square), as may 
by cession of particular states, and the acceptance of con« 
grcss, become the seat of the government of the United 
States, and to exercise like authoritv over all places pur- 
chased by the consent of the legislature of the state in which 
the same shall be, for the erection of forts, map^azines, ar- 
senals, dockyards, and other needful buildjngs: and 

To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper 
for carrying into execution the foregoing powers and all 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 39 

I ' - — - 

Other powers vested by this constitution in the sfovernment 
of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof. 

Sec. iX. The migration or importation of such persons 
as any of the states now existing shall think prooer to ad- 
mit, shall not be prohibited by the congress orior to the 
year one thousand eight hundred and eieht, but a tax or 
duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding 
ten dollars for each person. 

The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be 
suspended unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion 
the public safety may require it. 

No bill of attainder of ex post facto law shall be passed. 

No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid unless in 
proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore di- 
rected to be taken. 

No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any 
state. 

No preference shall be given by any regulation of 
commerce or revenue to the ports of one state over those of 
another; nor shall vessels bound to, or from, one state, be 
obliged to enter, clear or pay duties in another. 

No money shall be drawn from the treasurv. but in con- 
sequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular 
statement and account of the receiots and expenditures of 
all public monev shall be published from time to time. 

No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States; 
and no person holding any office of profit or trust under 
them, shall, without the consent of congress, accept of 
any present, emolument, office, or title, of any kind what- 
ever, from any king, prince or foreign state. 

Sec. X. No state snail enter into any treaty, alliance, or 
confederation; grant letters of marque and reorisal ; coin 
money; emit bills of cedit; make anything but gold and 
silver coin a tender in payment of debts ; pass any bill of 
attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation 
of contracts, or grant any title of nobility. 

No state shall without the consent of congress, lay anv 
imposts or duties on imports or exports, except what may 
be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws, 
and the net produce of all duties and imposts laid by any 
state on imports or exports, shall be for the use of the treas- 
ury of the United States • and all such laws shall be subject 
to the revision and control of the congress. 

No state shall, without the consent of the congress, lay any 
duty of tonnage, keep troops, or ships of war in time 
of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with an- 
other state, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, un- 
less actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as 
will not admit of delay. 



S8 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



House. 

Enos Stutsman , Spteaker. 



William Blair. 
William Brady, 
F. Bronson, 

Jacob Brauch, 
onathan Brown, 
Caleb Cummings, 
Michael Curry, 
F. J. Dc Witt, 



Martin V. Harris, 
Felicia Pallas, 
I. T. Gore, 
Hans Gunderson, 
Amos Hanson, 
M. U. Hoyt, 
John L. Jolley, 
James Kegan, 



G. C. Moody, 

T. Nelson 
Michael Ryan, 
Calvin G. Shaw, 
John J. Thompson, 
J. D. Tucket, 
Thomas C. Watson. 



Eighth Session — 1868-9. 



Convened at Yankton Dec. 7, 1868, and adjourned Jan. l5, 1869. 
It had the following membership: 



Horace J. Watson, 
W. W. Benedict, 
W. W. Brookings, 
Aaron Carpenter, 



Council, 

N. J. Wallace, President. 
Hugh Fraley, 

A. N. Hampton, 
Geo. W. Kellogg, 

House. 



J. A. Lewis, 

Chas. I.. iclntyre, 
C. F. Rn«s«=teucher, 
B. E. Wood, 



Alfred Abbott. 
Chas. D. Bradley, 
G. P. Bennett, 
Calvin M. Brooks, 

Jacob Brauch, 
ohn Cl^TTiPntson, 
r. G. Curtis, 
J. M. Eves, 



G. C Moody, Speaker, 

J. Shaw Gregory, 
J. T. Hewlett, 
O. T. Hagsrin, 
John L, Jolley, 
A. W. Jameson, 
Hiram K*»ith, 
James Kegaa, 
Lewis Larson, 



Knud Larson, 
J. La Roche, 
Joseph Moulin, 
Charles Ricker, 
Enos Stutsman, 
M H. c«. . r^^ 

R. T. Vinson. 



Ninth 8e88ion~1870-1. 



Convened at Yankton Dec. 5, 1870, and continued to Jan. 13, 
1871. The membership was as follows: 



M. K. Armstrong, 
Jacob Brauch, 
Wm. M. Cuppett, 
Hugh Fraley, 



Council, 

Emery Morris, President. 



Silas W. Kidder, 
Nelson Miner, 
Chas. H. Mclntyre, 
J. C. Kennedy, 

House, 



W. T. McKay. 

James M-. Stone, 
ohn W. Turner, 



Charles Allen, 
V. R. L Barnes, 
F. J. Cross, 
C. P. Dow, 
A. P. Harmon, 
John Hancock, 

O. B. lyerson. 



George H. Hand, Speaker. 



H. A. Jerauld, 
James Kegan, 
J. La Roche, 
Nelson Learned, 
A. J. Mills, 
E. Minor, 
Noah Wherry, 



R. Mostow, 
S. L. Parker, 
Amos F. Shaw, 
Philip Sherman, 
John C. Sinclair, 
Ole Sampson, 
E. W. Wall. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 41 

dons for effenses against the United States, except in cases 
of impeachment. 

He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent 
of the senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the 
senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and 
with the advice and consent of the senate, shall appoint 
ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, jud}?es of 
the supreme court, and all other officers of the United 
States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise pro- 
vided for, and which shall be established by law; but the 
congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior 
officers, as they think proper, in the president alone, in the 
courts of law, or in the heads of departments. 

The president shall have power to fill up all vacancies 
that may happen during the recess of the senate, by grant- 
ing commissions which shall expire af^the end of their next 
session. 

Sec. III. He shall from time to time give to the congress 
information of the state of the union, and recommend to 
their consideration such measures as he shall judge neces- 
sary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, 
convene both houses, or either of them; and in case of dis- 
agreement between them, with respect to the time of ad- 
journmnt, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall 
think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other pub- 
lic ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully 
executed, and shall commission all the officers of the United 
States. 

Sec. IV. The president, vice president and all civil offi- 
cers of the United States, shall be removed from office on 
impeachment for, and conviction of, treason, bribery or 
other high crimes and misdemeanors. 

ARTICLE III.— The Judiciary. 

Section I. The judicial power of the United States shall 
be vested in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts 
as the congress may from time to time ordain and establish. 
The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall 
hold their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated 
times, receive for their services, ^ a compensation, which 
shall not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

Sec. II. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in 
law and equity, arising under this constitution, the laws of 
the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be 
made, under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassa- 
dors, other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of ad- 
miralty and marine jurisdiction; to controversies to 
which the United States shall be a party; to controversies 
between two or more states; between a state and citizens of 



42 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

another state; between citizens of different states; between 
citizens of the same state claiming lands under grants of 
different states, and between states, or the citizens there- 
of, and foreign states, citizens or subjects. 

In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers 
and consuls, and those in which a state shall be a party, the 
supreme court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the 
other cases before mentioned, the supreme court shall have 
appellate jurisdiction, both as to la:w and fact, with such 
exceptions, and under such regulations as the congress shall 
make. 

The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, 
shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the state 
where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when 
not committed within any state, the trial shall be at' such 
place or places as the congress may by law have directed. 

Sec. III. Treason against the United States shall consist 
only in levyinp- war against them, or in adhering to their 
enemies, givin^T^ them aid and comfort. No person shall 
be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two wit- 
nesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. 

The congress shall have power to declare the punishment 
of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work corrup- 
tion of blood, or forfeiture except during the life of the per- 
son attained. 

ARTICLE IV. — The States and Territories. 

Section I. Full faith and credit shall be given in each 
state, to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings 
of every other state. And the congress may by general 
laws prescribe the manner in which such acts, records and 
proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof. 

Sec. II. The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all 
privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states. 

A person charged in any state with treason, felony or 
other crime, who shall flee from justice and be found in an- 
other state, shall, on demand of the executive authority of 
the state from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed 
to the state having jurisdiction of the crime. 

No person held to service or labor in one state, under the 
laws thereof, escaping into anotlier, shall, in consequence 
of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such 
service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the 
party to whom such service or labor may be due. 

Sec. III. New states may be admitted by the congress 
into this union ; but no new state shall be formed or erected 
within the jurisdiction of any other state; nor any state be 
formed by the junction of two or more states, or parts of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 43 

States, without the consent of the legislatures of the states 
concerned as well as of the congress. 

The congress shall have power to dispose of and make all 
needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or 
other pronerty belonging to the United States* and nothing 
in this constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice 
any claims of the United Statesy or of any particular state. 

Sec. IV. The United States shall guarantee to every state 
in this union a republican form of government, and shall 
protect each of them against invasion ; and on application 
of the legislature, or of the executive, (when the legislature 
cannot be convened) against domestic violence. 

ARTICLii V. — Amendments. 

The congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall 
deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this con^ 
stitution. or, on the application of the legislatures of two- 
thirds of the several states, shall call a convention for pro- 
posing amendments, which in either case, shall be valid, to 
all intents and purposes, as part of this constitution, when 
ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several 
states, or by conven^ons in three-fourths thereof, as the 
one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by 
the congress; provided, that no amendment which may be 
made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and 
eight shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses 
in the ninth section of the first article; and that no state, 
without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage 
in the senate. 

ARTICLE VI. — Miscellaneous Business. 

All debts contracted and engagements entered into 

before the adoption of this constitution, shall be as 

valid against the United States under this constitution, as 
under the confederation. 

This constitution, and the laws of the United States 
which shall be made in oursuance thereof, and all treaties 
made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the 
United States, shall be the supreme law of the land ; and 
the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything 
in the constitution or laws of any state to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

The senators and representatives before mentioned, and 
the members of the several state legislatures, and all 
executive and judicial officers, both of the United States and 
of the several states, shall be bound by oath or affirmation, 
to support this constitution : but no religious test shall 



62 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Seventeenth Session — 1887. 

Convened at Bismarck Jan. 11 and continued to March 11, 1887. 
The membership was as follows: 

Councii 



George A. Mathews, President. 



Roger Allin, 
Wm. T. Collins, 
John Cain, 
W. E. Dodge, 
E. W. Foster, 
Melvin Grigsby, 
Alexander Huehea, 
T. M. Martin, 



P. J. McCumber, 
C. H. Sheldon, 
E. G. Smith, 
J. S. Weiser, 
T. O. Bogart, 
A. W. Campbell, 
P. C. Donovan, 
E. C. Ericson, 

House. 



H. Galloway, 
G. A. Harstad, 
J. D. Lawler, 
C. D. Mead, 
E. T. Sheldon, 
E. J. Washabaugh, 
S. P. Wells. 



John Bidlake, 
J. W. Burnham, 
D. S. .Dodds, 
Thomas S. Elliott, 
D. W. Ensign, 
J. H. Fletcher. 
F. Greene, 
A. A. Harkins, 
C. B. Hubbard, 
J. G. Jones, 
Tames M. Moore, 
T. F. Mentzer, 

C. I. Miltimore, 
Tohn D. Patton, 

D. F. Royer, 
J. Schnaidt, 



George G. Crose, Speaker. 



Fred H. Adams, 
F. M. Shook, 

D. Stewart, 

E. W. Terrill, 
J. V. White, 
Wilson Wise, 
L. O. Wyman, 
Frank R. Aikens, 
W. N. Berry, 

A. M. Cook, 
M. H. Cooper, 
John R Dutch, 
John A. Ely, 
Wm. H. Fellows, 
J. T. Gilbert. 
Wm. Glendening, 



W. J. Hawk. 
John Hobart, 
R. McDonell, 
F. A. Morris, 
H. J. Mallory, 
J. H. Patten, 
A. T. Pruitt, 
W. R. Ruggles, 

D. W. Sprague, 
A. 5. Stewart, 

'B. H. Sullivan, 
Chas. B. William*, 
James P. Ward, 

E. A. Williams, 
John Wolzmuth. 



Eighteenth Session — 1889. 

Convened at Bismarck Jan. 8, and adjourned March 9, 1899. Thlf 
was the last territorial assembly. The membership was as follows: 

Council. 
Smith Stimmel, President. 



Roger 


Allin, 


S. L. Glaspell, 


David W. Poin dexter. 


Irenus 


Atkinson 


James Halley, 


Joseph C. Ryan, 


Peter 


Cameron 


G. A. Harstad, 


C. A. Sorderburg, 


A. W. 


Campbell 


Alexander Hughes, 


George H. Walsh, 


M. H. 


Cooper. 


Robert Lowry, 


F. J. Washabaugh, 


Coe I. 


Crawford, 


Hugh McDonald, 


James A. Woolheiser, 


Robert 


Dollard, 


John Miller, 
J. H. Patten. 


A, L. Van Osdel. 


E. C 


Erickson, 





STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 45 

Virginia, 

John Blair, James Madison, Jun. 

North Carolina. 

William Blount, Hu. Williamson. 

Richard Dobbs Spaight, 

South Carolina. 

J. Rutledge, Charles Pinckney, 

Chas. Cotesworth Pinckney, Pierce Butler. 

Georgia.' 

William Few, Abr. Baldwin. 

Attest : William Jackson, Secretary. 



AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION 

ARTICLE I. 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment 
of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or 
abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the 
right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition 
the government for a redress of grievances. 

ARTICLE II. 

A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security 
of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear 
arms shall not be infringed. 

ARTICLE III. 

No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any 
house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of 
war but in a manner prescribed by law. 

article; IV. 

The right of the people to secure in their persons, 
houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches 
and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall 
issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirm- 
ation, and particularly describing the place to be searched 
and the persons and things to be seized. 

ARTICLE V. 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or other- 
wise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indict- 



^tt LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Mu nl of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or 
nasal forces or in the militia, when in actual service in 
linu' of war or public danger, nor shall any person be sub- 
jci'l for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life 
or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be 
a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty 
or property, without due process of law; nor shall private 
property be taken for public use without just compensation. 

ARTICLE VI. 

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the 
right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury of 
the taste and district wherein the crime shall have been 
committed, which distriect shall have been previouslv ascer- 
tained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause 
of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses 
against him ; to have compulsory process for obtaining wit- 
nesses in his favor, and to have the assi^stance of counsel 
for his defense. 

ARTICLE VII. 

.\t suits in common law, where the value in controversy 
shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of. trial by jury shall 
be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise 
re-examined in any court of the United States, than accord- 
ing to the rules of the common law. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines 
imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 

ARTICLE IX. 

The enumeration in the constitution of certain rights, 
shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained 
by the people. 

ARTICLE X. 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the 
constitution nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved 
to the states respectively, or to the people. 

ARTICLE XI. 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be con- 
strued to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced 
or nrosecutcd against one of the United States by citizens 
of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign 
state. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA ,47 

ARTICLE XII. 

The electors shall meet in their respective states, and 
vote by ballot for nresident and vice president, one of 
whom, at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same 
state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the 
person voted for as president; and in distinct ballots the 
person voted for as vice president ; and they shall make 
distinct lists of all persons voted for as president, and of 
all persons voted for as vice president, and of the number 
of votes for each ; which list they shall sign and certify, 
and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of 
the United States, directed to the president of the 
senate; the president of the senate shall in 
presence of the senate and house of representatives, 
open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be 
counted; the person having the greatest number of votes 
for president shall be the president, if such number be a 
majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if 
no person have such majority, then from the persons hav- 
ing the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of 
those voted for as president, the house of representatives 
shall choose immediately, by ballot, the president. But in 
choosing the president, the votes shall be taken by states, 
the representation from each state having one vote; a 
quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or mem- 
bers from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the 
states shall be necessary to a choice. And if the house of 
representatives shall not choose a president whenever the 
rights of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth 
day of March next following, then the vice president shall 
act as president as in the case of the death or other constitu- 
tional disability of the president. The person having 
the greatest number of votes as vice president shall be the 
vice president, if such number be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed, and if no person have a ma- 
jority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the 
senate shall choose the vice president ; a quorum for the 
purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of 
senators; and a majority of the whole number shall be 
necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally in- 
eligible to the office of president shall be eligible to that of 
vice president of the United States. 

ARTICLE XIII. 

Section T. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, ex- 
cept as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall 
have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United 
States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. 



56 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

governor, the chief justice and the secretary of said terri- 
tories; and the governors of said territories shall, by pro- 
;:Iamation, order an election of the delegates aforesaid in each 
of said proposed states, to be held on the Tuesday after the 
second Monday in May, 1889; which proclamation shall be 
issued on the i5th day of April, 1889; and such election shall 
be conducted, the returns made, the result ascertained, and 
the certificates to persons elected to such conventions issued 
in the same manner as is prescribed by the laws of the said 
territories regulating elections therein for delegates to con- 
gress; and the number of votes cast for delegates in each pre- 
cinct shall also be returned. The number of delegates to said 
conventions respectively shall be 75 ; and all persons residents 
in said proposed states who are qualified voters of said ter- 
ritories as herein provided, shall be entitled to vote upon the 
election of delegates, and under such rules and regulations as 
said conventions may prescribe, not in confldct with this 
act, upon "t'he ratification or rejection of the constitutions. 

Sec. 4. That the delegates to the conventions elected 
as provided for in this act shall meet at the seat of gov- 
ernment of each of said territories, except the delegates 
elected in South Dakota, who shall meet at the city of Sioux 
Falls, on the fourth day of July, 1889, and after organiza- 
tion shall declare, on behalf of the people of said proposed 
states, that they adopt the constitution of the United States; 
whereupon the said conventions shall be, and are hereby 
authorized to form constitutions and state governments for 
said proposed states respectively. The constitution shall be 
republican in form, and make no distinction in civil or political 
rights on account of race or color, except as to Indians not 
taxed, and not to be repugnant to the constitution of the 
United States and the principles of the declaration of inde- 
pendence. And said convention shall provide, by ordinances 
irrevocable without the consent of the United States and the 
people of said states. 

First. That -the perfect toleration of ireligious sentiment 
shall be sectwed, and that no inhabitant of said states shall 
ever be molested in person or property on account of his 
or her mode of religious worship. 

Second. That the people inhabiting said proposed states 
do ag>ree and declare that they forever disclaim all right 
and title to the unappropriated public lands lying within the 
boundaries thereof, and to all lands lying within said limits 
owned or held by any Indian or Indian tribes; and that until 
the title thereto shall have been extinguished by the United 
States the same shall be and remain subject to the disposition 
of fhe United States, and said Indian lands shall remain 
under the absolute jurisdiction and control of the congress 
of the United States; that the lands belonging to citizens of 



\! '. 



49 



Tntr e;fc: -v 


sh./; 


vote by hal:'*: 


inr T) 


whom, at ku<i 


sil ! 


state wiih tiicnv 


^ei\t.- . 


per>()n voted i( i 


'T a^ • 


person voted f, 


ir ;:> 


distinct ii-^t^ «)i 


a, ; 


alj persons \ui' 




of vote> f.ir Ci 


:. 


and tran>niu s. 


' , , 


the United >:-■ 


• ~ 


senate; tiv. 


'» 


p^e^ence ■ :' :. 




open ail :. ^ 




counted : : - ■ - 




f T pr-.-:.^_- 




ma;"r: y • ■ , 




Ti" ptT' ' . 




■f-r' * ,- 





\ ' 



ni 



' ■ '•'■d States ta 

* a I nitod States 

r, iT prexiotis con- 

- r 1" enforce this 



Sl.i.. 

cii'X" ' 
the r* ' 
(|Uor'^- 
bers II • 

stall'- - 
reore^^- 

day ": 
act a- 
tior;;/ 
the ^. 
\ icc 
nui^ 

]»r'. 

^e: 

It' 



48 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Sec 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article 
by appropriate legislation. 

ARTICLE XIV. 

Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United 
States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens 
of the United States, and of the stare wherein they reside. 
No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge 
the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United 
States; nor shall any state deprive anv nerson of life, lib- 
erty, or property, without due process of law nor deny to 
any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of 
the laws. 

Sec. 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the 
several states accordine to their respective numbers, count- 
ing the whole number of persons in each state, excluding 
Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any elec- 
tion for the choice of electors for president and vice presi- 
dent of the United States, representatives in congress, the 
executive and judicial officers of a state, or the members of 
the legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhab- 
itants of such state, being twenty-one years of age, and citi- 
zens of the United . States, or in any way abridged, except 
for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of 
representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion 
which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the 
whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in 
such state. 

Sec. 3. No person shall be a senator or representative in 
confirress or elector of president br vice president, or hold 
any office civil or military, under the United States, or 
under any state, who, havine previouslv taken an oath, as 
a member of congress or an officer of the United States, 
as a member of any state legislature, or as an executive 
or judicial officer of any state, to support the constitution of 
the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection, or re- 
bellion against the sam2, or given aid or comfort to the ene- 
mies thereof. But congress may by a vote of two-thirds of 
each house, remove such disability. 

Sec. 4. The validity of the public debt of the United 
States, autnorized by law, including debts incurred for 
pavment of pensions and bounties for services, in sun- 
pressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. 
But neither the United States nor any state shall assume or 
pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or 
rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss 
or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obliga- 
tions and claims shall be held illegal and void. 

Sec. 5. The congress shall have power to enforce by ap- 
propriate legislation, the provisions of this article. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 49 

ARTICLE XV. 

Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States ta 
vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States 
or by any state, on account of race, color, or previous con- 
dition of servitude. 

Sec. 2. The congress shall have power to enforce this 
article by appropriate legislation. 



Blue Book-4. 



HISTORICAL 



Dakota is an Indian name and signifies "confederated" 
or "leagued together," and applied originally to the Sioux 
confederation of Indians. The present state of North Da- 
kota, together with that of South Dakota, was a part of the 
territory purchased in 1803 of France by President Thomas 
Jefferson for the' sum of fifteen million dollars and the 
assumption of certain claims held by citizens of the United 
States against France, which made the purchase amount 
to twenty-seven milion two hundred and sixty-seven thou- 
sand and six hundred and twenty-one dollars and ninety- 
eight cents ($27,267,621.98), and was known as the Loui- 
siana purchase. 

October 1, 1803, that part of the new purchase lying south 
of Arkansas was formed into the "Territory of Orleans;" 
the remaining portion, which includes the states of Arkan- 
sas, Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota, Kansas, Nebraska, part of 
Colorado, North and South Dakota, the Indian Territory 
and a part of Wyoming was formed into the district of 
Louisiana, and the governing power was vested in a gov- 
ernor and judge of what was then known as the Indian Ter- 
ritory. President Jefferson having great confidence in the 
future greatness of the west, sent in 1804, an exoloring ex- 
pedition in charge of Captains Lewis and Clark, who were 
the first to traverse the entire length of the Missouri river, 
and in 1804-5-6 gave the world the first general account 
of Dakota. Lewis and Clark camped the first winter in 
latitude 47 degrees, 21 minutes, 23 seconds — among the 
Mandan Indians, at Fort Mandan, which was some twelve or 
fifteen miles above Washburn in McLean county. 

The first mention of the country west of the great lakes 
was made by Nicollet, sent out by the French authorities 
at Quebec in 1639. Nicollet called the inhabitants Nad- 
suessioux, which was abbreviated into Sioux by the later 
French explorers. The Sioux were warlike and the enemy 
of all other tribes, hence the name Sioux, or enemy. 

July 1, 1805, congress designated the District of Louisiana 
as the territory of the same name, and placed the legisla- 
tive power in the hands of a governor and three judges 
named by the president and confirmed by the senate of 
the United States. December 7, 1812, the name of the 
territory was changed to "Territory of Missouri." and lim- 
ited power was granted the people residing therein to elect 
a legislative body. June 28, 1834, congress created the ter- 
ritory of Michigan, which included that part of Dakota, 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 51 

North and South, lying east of the Missouri and White 
Earth rivers, and including the present states of Michigan, 
Wisconsin, Iowa and Minnesota. The territory of Wiscon- 
sin was established July 3, 1836, and included that part of 
the state of North Dakota lying east of the Missouri and 
White Earth rivers. June 12, 1838, the territory of Iowa 
was organized, includinc: part of the present state of North 
Dakota; March 3, 1849, the territory of Minnesota was 
established, which covered that part of the state of North 
Dakota lying east of the Missouri river; May 30, 1854, the 
territory of Nebraska was organized and that part of the 
states of North and South Dakota lying west of the Mis- 
souri and White Earth rivers and which previous to 
that time had been known as "Mandan Territorv" was in- 
cluded in Nebraska Territory. 

Minnesota became a state on the 11th day of May, 1858; 
from that date until the second day of March, 1861, all that 
part oi both North and South Dakota east of the Missouri 
and White Earth rivers was without legal name or exist- 
ence. 

The bill incorporating the present states of North and 
South Dakota as Dakota Territory was signed by President 
Buchanan on March 2, 1861. On May 27th thereafter 
President Lincoln appointed as the first p^overnor of Dakota 
Territory Dr. William Jayne, of Springfield, 111. Dr. Jayne 
had been a young man who grew up as a physician while 
Lincoln was developing as a lawyer in Springfield, the 
then new capital of Illinois, and a close personal friendship 
had existed between the two until Lincoln had become 
president of the United States; and in recognition of the 
friendship of his earlier days he appointed Dr. Jayne as 
the first governor of what was then to his mind the most 
promising territory yet organized. 

The emnloves of various fur companies were the first 
white settlers of this territory of Dakota. As early as 1808 
the government established Fort Clark on the Missouri 
at the mouth of the Knife river — a noint about seven miles 
up the river from where Lewis and Clark had in 1804-5 spent 
the winter and established what they called Fort Mandan. 
In 1811 Lord Selkirk built a fort at Pembina on the Red 
river a short distance below the international boundary 
line. Fort Pierre was- built in 1829 and the first steamer 
ascended the Missouri river in 1830. In 1839 Gen. John C. 
Fremont crossed over the countrv from the Missouri to the 
James rivers thence across the country to Devils Lake. 
Catlin, the famous Indian painter, whose collection, the 
larg-est in the world, of oictures of noted Indian chiefs — 
now owned by the government and on exhibit in the 
national museum at Washington — traveled over the coun- 
try in 1841. A majority of these pictures were painted 



52 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



from sittings in life. Captain Pope's map of a trip to the 
Red River in 1849, and which is now on file in the war de- 
partment at Washington, designates all the country around 
Devils Lake as a "Salt water reejion," and Lieutenant ^yar- 
ren, who explored the "Dacouta" country under the direc- 
tion of the jjovernment in 1855 said the territory was occu- 
pied by powerful tribes of rovin^- savages and "is only 
adapted to a mode of life like theirs." 

Gov. William Tayne arrived at Yankton, which was desig- 
nated in the act organizing the territory of Dakota, as the 
territorial capital, on May 27, 1861, and proceeded to the 
orc^anization of a territorial government. Yankton re- 
mained the canital from that date until the 2nd day of 
June, 1883, when it -was removed from Yankton to Bis- 
marck, which Remained the territorial capital 'mtil the for- 
mation of the states of North and South Dakota. The ter- 
ritorial legislature passed an act in 1883 providing for the 
removal of the territorial capital from Yankton to a point 
designated by the commissioners appointed for the location of 
the new capital. The following persons were aopointed as 
such commissioners, viz: Alexander McKenzie. Milo W. 
Scott, Burleigh F. Spalding, Charles H. Myers, George A. 
Matthews, Alexander Hughes, Henry H. DeLong, John P. 
Belding and M. D. Thompson. The capital commission at 
a session held in the city of Fargo, on the 2nd day of June, 
1883, located the territorial capital at Bismarck. The act 
provided that $100,000 and 160 acres of land snould be 
donated to the state for capital purposes as -^ condition of 
the location of the seat of government. The citizens of Bis- 
marck by voluntary subscription contributed $100,000 in cash 
and 320 acres of land. 

A bill known as the "omnibus bill" and which was an 
act dividine the territory of Dakota into the states of North 
and South Dakota, and enabling the two Dakotas, Montana 
and Washington to formulate constitutions, was approved 
Febrn^t^- 22, 1889, and a constitutional convention was 
held at Bismarck, beginning July 4, 1889. A constitution 
was formulated and submitted to a vote of the r>eople of 
the state of North Dakota at an election called for that 
purpose, and to elect state officers. October 1, 1889. There 
were 27,440 votes cast for and 8,107 against the adoption 
of the constitution. 



STATli OF NORTH DAKOTA 



53 



TERRITORIAL AND LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS 



fROM TUR 



Organization of Dakota Territory, 1861. 



TERRITORIAL OFFICERS. 



Delegates to Congress. 

In Its twenty-eight years of existence as a territory, there were 
delej^atcs to congress as follows: 



T. B. S. Todd 1862-64 

\V. A. Burleigh 1864-69 

S. L. Spink 1869-71 

M. K. Armstrong 1871-75 

T. P. Kidder 1875-79 



G. G. Bennett 1879-81 

R. F. Pettigrew 1881-83 

J. B. Raymond 1883-85' 

Oscar S. Giflford 1885-88 

Geo. A. Mathews 1888-89 



Note — Geo. A. Mathews was elected delegate to congress in Novem- 
ber, 1888. his term to commence March 4, 1899. Congress did not 
convene until December following. Before that time statehood had 
been accomplished and be was therefore never sworn in. 



Governors. 



William Jayne .•... .1861-63 

Newton Edmunds 1863-66 

Andrew J. Faulk 1866-69 

John A. Burbank ...... .1869-74 

John L. Pennington .....1874-78 



•• William A. Howard 1878-80 

Nehemiah G. Ordway ....1880-84 

Gilbert A. Pierce 1884-87 

Loius K. Church 1887-89 

Arthur C. Melette 1889 



Secretaries, 



Tohn Hutchinson 186166 

S. L. Spink 1865-69 

T. M. Wilkiirs 1869-70 

G. A. Batchelder 187072 

• E. S. McCook 1872-73 



Oscar Whitney 1873-74 

Geo. H. Hand 1874-83 

J. M. Teller 1883-86 

Michael L. McCormack .... 1886-89 
L. B. Richardson 1889 



Chief Justices. 

Philemon Bliss 1861-6* | Peter C. Shannon 1873-81 

Ara Bartlett 1865-69 | A. J. Edgerton 1881-85 

George W. French 1869-7.S j Bartlett Tripp 1885-89 

•Assassinated in office September, 1873, by Peter P. Wiatermute. 
•♦Died in office, April 10, 1880. 



54 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Associate Justices. 



S. P. WilHston 18«1-C5 

J. S. Williams 1861-04 

Ara Bartletl 1864-65 

W. E. Gleason 1865-66 

J. P. Kidder 1865-75 

). W. Boyle 1864-60 

W. W. Brookings 1869-78 

A. H. Barnes 1873-81 

G. G. Bennett 1875-79 

G. C. Moody 1878-83 

(b)J. P. Kidder 1878-83 

C. S. Palmer 1883-87 

S. A. Hudson 1881-85 



(c) W. E. Church 1883-86 

(c)Louis K. Church 1885-87 

(a) Seward Smith 1884-84 

W. H. Francis 1884-88 

John E. Garland 1887-89 

Wra. B. McConnell 1885-88 

Charles M. Thomas 1886-89 

James Spencer 1887-89 

Roderick Rose 1888-89 

C. F. Templeton 1888-89 

L. W. Crofoot 1888-89 

Frank R. Aikens 1889 



United States Attorneys, 



Wra. E. Gleason 1861-64 

George H. Hand- 1866-69 

Warren Coles 1869-73 

(b) William Pound 1873-77 



Hugh J. Campbell 1877-85 

John E. Garland 1885-88 

Wm. E. Purcell 1888-89 

John Murphy 1889 



United States Marshals. 



Wm. F. Schaffer .1861-61 

G. M. Pinney 1801-65 

L. H. Litchfield 1865-72 

J. H. Burdick 1872-77 



J. B. Raymond 1877-81 

Harrison Allen 1 881-85 

Daniel W. Maratta 1885-89 



Surveyors General. 



Geo. D. Hill 1861-65 

Wra. Tripp 1865-69 

W. H. H. Beadle 1809-73 

Wm. P. Dewey 1873-77 



Henry Experson 1877-81 

Cortez Fessenden 1881-85 

Maris Taylor 1885-89 

B. H. Sullivan 1889 



Attorney Generals. 



Alexander Hughes 1 883-84 

Geo. H. Rice 1884-86 

Geo. S. Engle 1886 



Charles F. Templeton ....1887-88 

Tristam Skinner 1889 

Johnson Nickeus 1889 



Auditors. 



L. M. Purdy 1881-82 

Geo. L. Ordway' 1883 84 

E. W. Caldwell 1885-86 



James A. Ward 1887-88 

J. C. McNamarra 1889 



Treasurers. 



J. O. Taylor 1863-64 

M. K. Armstrong 1 865-68 

T. K. Hovey 1869-70 

— . — . Sherman 1871-74 

John Clementson 1875-77 

(a) Suspended — went insane. 

(b) Died in office. 

(c) Resigned. 



W. 



7. W. R 
J. D. L 
Jos. Bai 



H. McVay 1878-83 

Raymond ,,'. *1 883-87 

Lawler 1887-88 

Bailey 1889 



STATE OF NOKTH DAKOTA 



55 



Superintendents of Public Instruction. 



Tames S. Foster (ex-officio) 1864-68 
T. McKendrick Stuart ...1869 

Fames S. Foster 18C9-70 

W. Turner 1870-71 

W. Miller 1872-74 

J. J. Mclntyrc 1875-76 



W. E. Caton 1877 78 

W. H. H. Beadle 1879-83 

A. Sheridan Jones 1885-87 

Eugene A. Dve 1887-89 

Leonard A. Rose . • 1889 



Commissioners of Railroads. 



Wm. M. Evens, chairman ..1886 

Alexander Griggs 1886 

W. H. McVay 1886 

Alexander Griggs, chairman. 1887 

A. Boynton 1887 

M. T. Smith 1887 



Yudson LaMoure, chairman . .1880 

Tohn H. King 1880 

Harvey J. Rice 18i>0 



THE LEGISLATURE. 



First Session — 1862. 



The members of the first territorial assembly were elected Sept. 
16, 1861. The assembly convened at Yankton, March 17, 1862. and 
continued in session until May 15. The membership was as follows: 

Council. 



H. D. Betts, 
T. W. Boyle, 
D. T. Bramble* 



John H. Shober, President 

W. W. Brookings, J. S. Gregory, 

A. Cole, Enos Stutsman, 

Jacob Deuel, 



Moses K. Armstrong, 
Lyman Burgess, 

J. A. Jacobson, 
ohn C. McBride, 



House. 

Geo. M. Pinney, Speaker. 



Christopher Maloney, 
A. W. Pluett, 
John Stanage, 
John L. Tiernon, 



Hugh S. Donaldson, 
Reuben Wallace, 
George P. Waldron, 
B. E. Wood. 



Second Session — 1862-3. 



The second legislature met at Yankton, Dec. 1, 1862, and continued 
in session until Jan. 9, 1863. The membership was as follows: 



W. W. Brookings, 
Austin Cole, 
John W. Boyle, 



Council. 

Enos Stutsman, President. 

Jacob Deuel, J H. Schobcr, 

D. T. Bramble, J. Shaw Gregory, 

J. McFetridge, H. D. Betts. 



56 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



House. 



•A. J. Harlan, Speaker. 

Edward Gifford, Knud Larson, 

J. A. Jacobson, F. D. Pease, 

R. M. Johnson, A. W. Pluett, 

G. P. Waldron, N. J. Wallace 



M. K. Armstrong, 
L. Bothun, 
J. Y. Buckman, 
H. S. Donaldson, 
M. H. Somers, 
^Resigned December 16th, and succeeded by M. K. Armstrong. 



Third Session— ^1863^. 

The third session convened at Yankton, Dec. T, 1863, and coxif 
tinued to Jan. 15, 1864. It had the following members: 



J. M. Stone, 
G. W. Kingsbury, 
J. O. Taylor, 
M. M. Rich, 



H. Burgess, 
Olc Bottolfson, 
E. M. Bond, 
Wm. Shriner, 
G. W. Pratt, 
John Lawrence, 
Henry Brooks, 



Council, 

Enos Stutsman, President. 

John Mathers, D. P. Bradford, 

Lasse Bothun, J. Shaw Gregory, 

Hugh Compton, John J. Thom^>son* 
Franklin Taylor, 

House. 



A. W. Puett, Speaker. 

L. H. Litchfield, 
W. W. Brookings, 
Knud Larson, 
Washington Reed, 
P. H. Risling, 
E. W. Wall, 
Jessy Wherry, 



Peter Kegan, 
N. G. Curtis, 
Asa Mattison, 
B. A. Hill. 
Duncan Ross, 
Algert Gore. 



Fourth Session — 1864-5. 



The fourth session met at Yankton Dec. 5, 1864, and continued 
to Jan. 18, 1865. The membership was as follows: , 

Council. 



). M. Stone, 
G. W. Kingsburry, 
J. O. Taylor, 
M. M. Rich, 



H. Burgess, 
J. P. Burgman, 

A. Chritsy 

B. W. Collar, 
Felicia Fallas, 
J. R. Hanson, 
Peter Kegan, 



Enos Stutsman, President. 

John Mathers, D. P. Bradford. 

Lasse Bothun, J. Shaw Gregory, 

Hugh Compton, John J. Thompson. 
Franklin Taylor, 

House, 

W. W. Brookings, Speaker. 



Geo. W. Kellogg, 
P. Lemouges, 
John Lawrence, 
M. M. Mathiesen, 
Helge Matthews, 
Francis McCarthy, 
John W. Owens, 



G. W. Pratt, 
Washington Reed, 
John Rouse, 
William Shiner, 
George Stickney, 
John W. Turner, 
E. W. Wall. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



57 



Fifth Session — 1865-6. 

The fifth session convened at Yankton Dec. 4, 1865, and continued 
to Jan. 12, 1866. It bad the following members: 



M. K. Armstrong, 

Austin Cole. 

G. W. Kingsbury, 

Cbas. LaBreecbc, 



T. C. Watson, 
E. C. Collins, 
William Walter, 
Michael Curry, 
Michael Ryan, 

iames Whitehorn, 
L J. Austin, 
Amos Hampton* 



Council 

George Stickncy, President. 

Nathaniel Ross, 
Enos Stutsman, 
O. F. Stevens. 
John J. Thompson, 

House, 

G. B. Bigelow, Speaker. 



John W. Turner, 
A. L. VanOsdcl, 
Knute Weeks. 



Franklin Taylor, 
James McTIenry, 
Joseph Ellis, 
A. M. English, 
Jacob Brauch, 
H. C. Ash, 
S. C. Fargo, 
W. W. Brookings, 



Jonathan Brown, 
J. A. Lewis, 
Chas. H. McCarthy, 
William Stevens, 
Edward Lent. 
Geo. W. Kellogg, 
Charles Cooper. 



Sixth Session — 1866-7. 



The sixth session convened at Yankton, Dec. 4, 1866, and contin* 
ned to Jan. 12, 1867. The membership was as follows: 

Council. 



Atistin Cole, 
A G. Fuller, 
G. W. Kingsbury, 
Cbas. LaBreeche, 



M. K. Armstrong, President. 

J. A. Lewis, John J. Thompson* 

D. M. Ellis, John W. Turner, 

Nathaniel Ross, A. L. VanOsdel, 

O. F. Stevens, Knute Weeks. 



H. C. Ash, 
Horace J. Austin, 
D. T. Bramble, 
W. N. Collamer, 
Michael Curry, 
Hugh Fralcy, . 
Thomas Frick, 
L T. Gore, 



House, 

J. B. S. Todd, Speaker. 

William Gray, 
Tans Gunderson, 
M. U. Hoyt. 
Daniel Hodgen, 
Anion Hanson, 
H. M. Johnson, 
Geo. W. Kellogg, 
Vincent La Belle, 



Chas. McCarthy, 
N. C. Stevens, 
William Stevens, 
John Trumbo, 
Franklin Taylor, 
Eli B. Wixson, 
Kirwin Wilson, 



Seventh Session — 1867-8. 



Convened at Yankton, Dec. 2, 1867, and adjourned Jan. 10, 1868. 
The membership was as follows: 

Council. 



W. W. Brookings, 
W. W. Benedict. 
Aaron Carpenter, 
R. I. Thomas, 



Horace J. Austin, President. 

Hugh Fraley, J. A. Lewis, 

R. R. Green, Chas. H. Mclntyre, 

A. H. Hampton, D. M. Mills, 

Geo. W. Kellogg, C. F. Rossteucher. 



S8 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



William Blair, 
William Brady, 
F. Bronson, 
Jacob Braucb, 
Jonathan Brown, 
Caleb CummingSf 
Michael Curry, 
F. J. De Witt. 



House. 

Enos Stutsman, Speaker. 

Martin V. Harris, 
Felicia Fallas, 
I. T. Gore, 
Hans Gunderson, 
Amos Hanson, 
M. U. Hoyt, 

John L. Jolley, 
ames Kegan, 



G. C. Moody, 

T. Nelson 
Michael Ryan, 
Calvin G. Shaw, 
John J. Thompson, 
J. D. Tuckei, 
Thomas C. Watson. 



Eighth Session — 1868-9. 



Convened at Yankton Dec. 7, 1868, and adjourned Jan. 15, 1869. 
It bad the following membership: 



Council. 

N. J. Wallace, President. 



Horace J. Watson, 
W. W. Benedict, 
W. W. Brookings, 
Aaron Carpenter, 



Hugh Fraley, 
R. R cvin, 
A. N. Hampton. 
Geo. W. Kellogg, 

House. 



J. A. Lewis, 

Chas. I . . 1 c Intyre, 
C. F. Rn<:«teucher, 
B. E. Wood. 



Alfred Abbott. 
Chas. D. Bradley, 
G. P. Bennett, 
Calvin M. Brooks, 
Jacob Brauch, 
John ClPTTiAtitson, 
N. G. Curtis* 
J. M. Eves, 



G- C. Moody, Speaker, 

T. Shaw Gregory, 
J. T. Hewlett, 
O. T. Hag^in, 
John L. Jolley, 
A. W. Jameson, 
Hiram K'^ith, 
James Kegan, 
Lewis Larson, 



Knud Larson, 
J. La Roche, 
Joseph Moulin, 
Charles Ricker, 
Enos Stutsman, 
M H. c.. . rg, 

R. T. Vinson. 



Ninth Session— 1870-1. 



Convened at Yankton Dec. 5, 1870, and continued to Jan. 18, 
1871. The membership was as follows: 



M. K. Armstrong, 
Jacob Brauch, 
Wm. M. Cuppett, 
Hugh Fraley, 



Council, 

Emery Morris, President. 

Silas W. Kidder, 
Nelson Miner, 
Chas. H. Mclntyrc, 
J. C. Kennedy, 

House, 



W. T. McKay, 

James M-. Stone, 
ohn W. Turner. 



George H. Hand, Speaker. 



Charles Allen, 
V. R. L. Barnes, 
F. J. Cross, 
C. P. Dow, 
A. P. Hirmon, 
John Hanrock, 

O. B. Iverson, 



H. A. Jerauld, 
James Kegan, 
J. La Roche, 
Nelson Learned, 
A. J. Mills, 
E. Minor, 
Noah Wherry, 



R. Mostow, 
S. L. Parker, 
Amos F. Shaw, 
Philip Sherman, 
John C. Sinclair, 
Ole Sampson, 
E. W. Wall, 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



59 



Tenth Session — 1872>3. 

The tenth session met at Yankton, Dec. 2. 1872, and continued to 
Jan. 10, 1873. It had the following membership: 

Council. 

Alexander Hughes, President. 

John Lawrence, Chas. H. Mclntyrc^ 

Nelson Miner, O. F. Stevens, 

Joseph Mason* Enos Stutsman, 

. Gehan, Henry Smith. 

House. 



D. T. Bramble^ 
K. B. Crew, 
H. P. Cooley. 
J. Flick, 



Samuel Ashmore^ 
Ole Bottolfson, 
John Becker, 
Jacob Brauch, 
Newton Clark, 
N. B. Campbell, 
Michael Glynn, 
William Hamilton, 
James Hyde, 



A. J. Mills, Speaker. 

Cyrus Knapp, 
T. A. Kingsbury, 
Jodson LaMoure, 
E. A. Williams, 
Ephraim Miner, 
George Norbeck, 
Joseph Roberts, 
A. B. Wheelock. 



O. C. Peterson, 
Jens Peterson, 
Silas Rohr, 
Martin Trygstadt^ 
J. W. Turner, 
John Thompson, 
B. E. Wood, 
W. P. Lyman. 



Eleventh Session — 1874-5. 



Convened at Yankton Dec 7, 1874, and adjourned Jan. 15, 1S7S* 
The membership was as follows: 



H. J. Austin, 
Jacob Brauch, 
Philip Chandler, 
Benton Fraley, 



Council. 

John L. Jolley, President. 

G. W. Harlan, M. W. Slieafc, 

John Lawrence, O. F. Stevens, 

A. McHench, C. S. West. 

M. Pace, E. A. Williams. 

House. 
G. C Moody, Speaker. 



H. O. Anderson, 
George Bosworth, 
Hector Bruce, 
J. L. Berry, 
L. Bothun, 
Michael Curry, 
Desire Chauss^ 
J. M. Cleland, 
Patrick Hand, 



John H. Hass, 
Knud Larson, 
Joseph Zitka, 
H. N. Luce, 
W. T. McKay, 
Henry Reifsnyder, 
Amos F. Shaw, 
C. H. Stearns, 



Ira Ellis, 
L. Sampson, 
S. Sevenson, 
A. L. VanOsdel, 
M. M. Williams, 
Scott Wright, 
James M. Wohl, 
O. B. Larson. 



Twelfth Session — 1877. 



Convened at Yankton Jan. 9, 1877, and continued to Feb. 17, 1877, 
It had the following membership: 



Henry S. Back, 
M. W. Bailey, 
Wm. Duncan, 
Hans Gunderson, 



Council. 

W. A. Burleigh, President. 

iudson La Moure, R. F. Pettigrew, 

felson Miner, J. A. Potter, 

A. J. Mills, C. B. Valentine, 

Robert Wilson, J. A. Wallace. 



x) 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



House. 

D. C. Haglc, Speaker. 

M. O. Hexoin, 

E. Hackett, 
D. M. Inman, 
Erick Iverson, 
Chas. Maywold, 

F. M. Ziebach, 
Hans Myron, 
John Selberg, 



John Faldc, 
D. Stewart, 
Asa Sargent, 
John • Tucker, 
Franklin Taylor, 
John Thompson, 
C. H. VanTassel, 
S. Soderstrom, 



J. M. Adamtt 
A. L. Boe, 
H. A. Burke, 
*J. Q. Burbank, 
W. H. H. Beadle, 
T. S. Clarkson, 
G. S. S. Codington, 
W. F. Dunham, 
A. G. Hopkins, 

* Awarded the seat of D. M. Kelliher on the twenty-ninth day of the 
session. 

Thirteenth Session — 1879. 

Convened at Yankton and continued in session from Jan. 14 to 
Feb. 22, 1879. The following was the membership:: 

Council. 

George H. Walsh, President. 

W. L. Kuykendall, S. G. Roberts, 

Nelson Miner, Silas Rohr, 

Robert Macnider C. B. Valentine, 

R. F. Pettigrew, H B. Wynn. 

House. 

John R. Jackson, Speaker. 

NathanM C. Whitfield, Michael Shely, 

Ole A. Helvig, A. Simonson, 

O. I. Hoseboe, James H. Stephens, 

A, Hoyt, D. Stewart, 

S. A. Johnson, Martin M. Trygstadt, 

John Langness, E. C. Walton, 

A. Manksch, J. F. Weber, 

J. M. Peterson, Canute Weeks. 

Fourteenth Session — 1881. 



Wm. M. Cuppett, 
M. II. Day, 
Ira Ellis, 
Newton Edmunds, 



Alfred Brown, 
J. Q. Burbank, 
P. N. Cross. 
D. W. Flick, 
A. B. Fockler, 
John R. Gamble, 
Ansley Gray, 
Hans Gunderson, 
Peter J. Hoyer, 



Convened at Yankton and continued in session from Jan. 11 to 
March 7, 1881. The membership was as follows: 



M. H. Day, 
Ira W. Fisher. 
John R. Gamble, 
John L. JoUey, 



James Baynes, 

F. J. Cross, 
L. B. French, 

G. H. Dickey, 
C. B. Kennedy, 
P. Landman, 

J. H. Miller, 
Knud Nomland, 



Council. 

George H. Walsh, President. 

J. A. J. Martin, John Walsh, 

J. O'B. Scovey, G. W. Wiggin, 

Amos F. Shaw, John R. Wilson. 
J. F. Wallace, 

House. 



J. A. Harding, Speaker. 

V. P. Thiehnan, 
A. Thome, 
P. Warner, 
S. A. Boyles, 
W. H. Donaldson, 
E. Ellefson, 
John D. Ilale^ 
D. M. Inman, 



Judson LaMoure, 
S. McBratney, 
I. Moore, 
S. Rohr, 

D. Thompson, 
A. L. VanOsdell, 

E. P. Wells. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



61 



Fifteenth Session — 1883. 

Convened at Yankton Jan. 9, and continued to March 9, 188S. 
The following was the membership: 

Council, 

J. 0*B. Scobey, President. 

S. G. Roberts, Geo. H.Walsh, 

H. J Jerauld, J, Nickeus, 

Wm. P Dewey, E. 
£. H. Mcintosh, 

House. 



F. N. Burdick, 

J. R. Jackson. 

F M. Ziebach. 

F. J. Wasbbaugh, 



McCauley. 



Ira Ellis. 
M. C. Tychscn, 
John Thompson. 
W. B. Rob)nson, 
R. C. McAllister, 
F. P. Phillips, 
Geo. W Sterling, 
W. A. Heinhart 



E. A. Williams, Speaker. 



E. M. Bowman, 
G. P. Harvey, 
D. M. Inman, 
H. Van Woert, 
r B. Wynn. 
B. R. Wagner, 
John C. Pyatt, 
George Rice. 



Wm. H. Lamb* 
J. W. Nowlin. 

A. A. Choteau, 
O. M. Towner, 

B. W. Benson, 
L. J. Alfred, 
N. E. Nelson. 



Sixteenth Session — 1885. 



Convened at Bismarck Jan. 13, and continued to March IS, 188S. 
The membership was as follows: 



A. C. Huetson, 
Wm. Duncan, 
John R. Gamble, 

A Sheridan Jones, 

B. R. Wagner. 
A. M. Bowdle. 
R. F. Pettigrew, 
Geo. R. Farmer, 



Ole HelviR 
John Larson, 
Eli Dawson, 
Hans Myron. 
A. L. Van Osdel, 
Hugh Langan, 
J. P. Ward, 
J. H. Swanton, 
A. J. Parshall, 
Mark Ward, 
C. E. Huston, 
H. M. Clark. 
P. L. Runkel. 
J. M. Bayard, 
H. W. Smith. 
W. H. Riddell, 



Council. 
J. H. Westover, President. 



H. H. Natwick, 
C. H. Cameron, 
J. P. Day, 
A. B. Smedley, 
V. P. Kennedy, 

F. J.. Washabaugh, 
S. P. Wells, 
Charles Richardson, 

House. 

George Rice, Speaker. 

John Hobart, 
J. C. Southwick, 
V. V. Barnes, 
J. A. Pickler, 
J. T. Blakemor& 

G. W. Pierce, 
M. L. Miller, 
G. H. Johnson, 
M. T. DeWoodji 

E. Huntington, 

F. A. Eldredge, 
A. L. Sprague, 
E. M. Martin, 
H. M. Gregg, 
A. McCall, 

E. A. Williams, 



J. Nickeus, 

C. D. Austin, 

D. H. Twomey, 
Geo. H. Walsh. 

John Flittie, 
udson LaMoure, 
P. J. McLaughlin. 



W. F. Steele, 
Henry W Coc, 
J. Stevens, 
S. E. Stebbins, 
P. J. McCumber, 
H. S. Oliver, 
T. M. Pugh, 
E. T. Hutchinson, 
W. N. Roach. 

C. W. Morgan, 
J. W. Scott, 

D. Stewart, 
H. Stong, 

H. H. Ruger, 
P. McHugh. 



62 



LEGrSLATIVE MANUAL 



Seventeenth Session — 1887. 

Convened at Bismarck Jan. 11 and continued to March 11, 1887. 
The membership was as follows: 



Council, 
George A. Mathews, President. 



Roger Allin, 
Wm. T. Collins. 
John Cain, 
W. E. Dodge, 
E. W. Foster, 
Melvin Grigsby, 
Alexander Huehea» 
T. M. Martin, 



John Bidlake, 
. W. Burnham, 
D. S. Dodds. 
Thomas S. Elliott, 
D. W. Ensign, 
J. H. Fletcher, 
F. Greene, 
A. A. Harkms, 
C. B. Hubbard, 
J. G. Jones, 
Tames M. Moore, 
T. F. Mentzcr, 
C. I. Miltimore, 
Tohn D. Patton, 
b. F. Royer, 
J. Schnaidt, 



P. J. McCumber, 
C. H. Sheldon, 
E. G. Smith, 
J. S. Weiser, 
T. O. Bogart, 
A. W. Campbell, 
P. C. Donovan, 
£. C Ericson, 

House. 



H. Galloway, 
G. A. Harstad, 
J. D. Lawler, 
C. D. Mead, 
E. T. Sheldon, 
E. J. Washabaugh, 
S. P. Wells. 



George G. Crose, Speaker. 



Fred H. Adams, 
F. M. Shook, 

D. Stewart, 

E. W. Terrill, 
J. V. White, 
Wilson Wise, 
L. O. Wyman, 
Frank R. Aikens, 
W. N. Berry. 

A. M. Cook, 
M. H. Cooper, 
John R Dutch, 
John A. Ely. 
Wm. H. Fellows, 
J. T. Gilbert. 
Wm. Glendening, 



W. J. Hawk, 
John Hobart, 
R. McDonell, 
F. A. Morris, 
H. J. Mallory, 
J. H. Patten, 
A. T. Pruitt. 
W. R. Ruggles, 

D. W. Spraguc, 
A. -S. Stewart, 

'B. H. Sullivan, 
Chas. B. Williams, 
James P. Ward, 

E. A. Williams, 
John Wolzmuth. 



Eighteenth Session — 1889. 

Convened at Bismarck Jan. 8, and adjourned March 9, 1899. This 
was the last te*'ritorial assembly. The membership was as follows: 



Council. 
Smith Stimmel, President. 



Roger 


Allin, 


S. L. Glaspell. 


Irenus 


Atkinson 


James Halley, 


Peter 


Cameron 


G. A. Harstad, 


A. W. 


Campbell 


Alexander Hughes, 


M. H. 


Cooper. 


Robert Lowry, 


Coe I. 


Crawford, 


Hugh McDonald, 


Robert 


Dollard, 


John Miller, 
J. H. Patteoc 


E. C 


Crickson, 



David W. Poin dexter, 
Joseph C. Ryan, 
C. A. Sorderburg, 
George H. Walsh. 
F. J. Washabaugh, 
James A. Woolheiser, 
A. L. Van OsdeL 



STAT'E OF NORTH DAKOTA 



&3 



F. H. Adams. 
Frank A. Aikens, 
Joseph Allen. 
C. H. Baldwin, 
R. L. Bennett, 
£. H. Bergman, 
B. F. Bixter. 
J. W Burnham, 
A. D. Clark. 
I B. Cooke. 
T A. Douglas, 
Thcmas Elliott. 
1. H. Fletcher, 
J M Greene, 
A J. Gronna, 
S. P Howell* 



House. 

Hosmer H. Keith. Speaker. 



Harry F Hunter, 
J. G. Jones, 
i. S. Lampman. 
VV. S. Logan, 
Frank Lillibridge, 
H. T. Mallory, 
P. McHugh. 
Edwin McNeil. 
C. J. Miller, 
F. A. Morris. 
C. C. Newman, 
P. P. Palmer, 
A. L. Patridge. 
H. S. Parkin 
John D. Patton, 
O. C. Poller. 



D M. Powell, 
M. M. Price, 
Wm. Ramsdell, 
D. F. Royer. 
G. W Ryan. 
H. H. Sheets, 
J. O. Smith. 
W. E. Swanston, 

C. J. Trude. 
John Turnbull. 
X. Upham, 

0. R Van Ettcn, 
J. B. Welcome, 

D. R. Wellman, 
J. V. While. 



64 



LEGISLATIVE MAN'UAL 



OFFICERS AND MEMBERS. 



OF THE 

Constitutional Convention. 1889. 

(Convened at Bismarck, juiy 4; adjourned August 17, 1889.] 

OFFICERS: 

President — F. B. Fancher. 

Chief Clerk — J. G. Hamilton. 

Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk^-C. C. BowsHeld* 

Sergeant-at-Arms— Fred Falley. 

Watchman— J. S. Weiser. 

Messenger — E. W. Knight 

Chaplain — Geo. Kline. 

Official Stenog-apher— R. M. Turtle. 

Ofl5cial Printer— M. H. Jewell. 

MEMBERS: 



Name County. 

Allin, Roger Walsh 

Almen, Jofcn Magnus Walsh 

Applcton, Albert F Pembina 

Bean. Therow W Nelson 

Bell, James Walsh 

Bennett, Richard ...Grand Forks 

Bartlett, Lorenzo D Dickey 

Bartlctt, David Griggs 

Best, William D Pembina 

Brown, Charles V Wells 

Blcwett, Andrew Stutsman 

Budge ». illiam Grand Forks 

Camp, Edgar W Stutsman 

Chanee, Eben Whitney .... Cass 
Garland, John Emmett .Burleigh 
Carothers, Charles .Grand Forks 

Clark, Horace M Eddy 

Clapp, William J Cass 

Colton, Joseph L Ward 

Douglas, James A. ........ Walsh 

Elliott, Elmer E. 'Barnes 

Fancher, Frederick B. . . Stutsman 

Fay, George H Mcintosh 

Flemington, Alex D Dickey 

Gayton, Jas. Bennett, . . Emmons 
Glick, Benjamin Rush ...Cavalier 

Gray, Enos Cass 

Griggs, Alexander ..Grand Forks 

Harris. Harvey Burleigh 

Haugen. Arne P . . . . Grand Forks 

Hegge. Marthinus F Traill 

Holmes, Herbert L Pembina 

Hoyt, Albert W Morton 

Johnson, Martin N. ...... Nelson 

Lauder, WiPiam S Richland 

Leech, Addison Cass 

Lowell. Jacob Cass 

Linwell. Martin V. .Grand Forks 1 



Name County. 

Lohnes. Edward H Ramsey 

Marrinan, Michael K. Walsh 

Mathews, J. H Grand Forks 

Meacham, Olney G Foster 

McBride, John Cavalier 

Miller, Henry Foster Cass 

Moer, Samuel H LaMoure 

McKenzie, James D Sargent 

McHugh Patrick Cavaher 

Noble, Virgil B Bottineau 

Nomland, Knud J Traill 

O'Brien, James F Ramsey 

Parsons, Curtis P Rolette 

Parsons, Albert Samuel ..Morton 

Paulson, Engebret M Traill 

Petersen, Henry M Cass 

Pollock, Robert M Cass 

Powers, John Sargent 

Powels, Joseph , . . . . Cavalier 

Purcell, William E Richland 

Ray, William Stark 

Richardson, Robert B. ...Pembina 
Robertson, Alexander B. . . . Walsh 

Rolf e. Eugene Strong Benson 

Rowe, William H Dickey 

Sandanger. Andrew Ransom 

Shuman, John Sargent 

Scott, John W Barnes 

Selby, John F Trail! 

Slotten, Andrew Richland 

Spalding, Burleigh Folsom ..Cass 

Stevens, Rueben N Ransom 

Turner, Ezra Bottineau 

Wallace, Elmer D Steele 

Whipple, Abram Olin ..... Ramsey 

Wellwood, Jay Barnes 

Williams. Erastus A Burleigh 



ENABLING ACT 



[Approved February 22. 1889.1 

AN ACT to provide for the division of Dakota into two statet and 

to enable the people of North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana 
and Washington to form constitutions and state governments and 
to be admitted into the union on an equal footing with the 
original states, and to make donations of public lands to such 
states. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives 
of the United States of America in Congress Assembled, 
That the inhabitants of all that part of the area 
of the United Sta.tes now constituting the territories 
of Dakota, Montana and Washington as at present de- 
scribed, may become the states of North Dakota, South 
Dakota, Montana and Washington, respectively, as herein- 
after provided. 

Sec. 2. ' The area comprising the. territory of Dakota 
shall, for the purposes of this act be divided on the line of 
the 7th standard parallel produced due west to the western 
boundary of said territory; and the delegates elected as 
hereinafter provided to the constitutional convention in 
districts north of saFd parallel shall assemble in convention, 
at the time prescribed in this act, at the City of Bismarck; 
and the delegates elected in districts south of said parallel 
shall, at the same time, assemble in convention at the city 
of Sioux Falls. 

Sec. 3. That all persons who are qualified by the laws 
of said territories to vote for representatives to the legisla- 
tive assemblies thereof are hereby authorized to vote for 
and choose delegates to form -conventions in said proposed 
states; and the qualifications for delegates to such conven- 
tions shall be such as by the laws of said territories re- 
spectively, persons are required to possess to be eligible to 
the legislative assemblies thereof; and the aforesaid dele- 
gates to form said conventions shall be apportioned within 
the limits of the proposed states, in such districts as may 
be established as herein provided, in proportion to the popu- 
lation in each of said counties and districts, as near as may 
be, to be ascertained at the time of making said apportion- 
ment by the persons hereinafter authorized to make the 
same from the best information obtainable in each of which 
districts three delegates shall be elected, but no elector shall 
vote far more than two persons for delegates to such con- 
ventions; that said apportionments shall be made by the 



66 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

govern-or, the chief justice and the secretary oi said terri- 
tories; and the governors of said territories shall, by pro- 
clamation, order an election of the delegates aforesaid in each 
of said proposed states, to be held on the Tuesday after the 
second Monday in May, 1889; which proclamation shall be 
issued on the ioth day of April, 1889; and such election shall 
be conducted, the returns made, the result ascertained, and 
the certificates to persons elected to such conventions issued 
in the sam€ manner as is prescribed by the laws of the said 
territories regulating elections therein for delegates to con- 
gress; and the number of votes cast for delegates in each pre- 
cinct shall also be returned. The number of delegates to said 
conventions respectively shall be 75 ; and all persons residents 
in said proposed states who are qualified voters of said ter- 
ritories as herein provided, shall be entitled to vote upon the 
election of delegates, and under such rules and regulations as 
said conventions may prrescribe, not in conflict with this 
act, upon t'he ratification or rejection of the constitutions. 

Sec. 4. That the delegates to the conventions elected 
as provided for in this act shall meet at the seat of gov- 
ernment of each of said territories, except the delegates 
elected in South Dakota, who shall meet at the city of Sioux 
Falls, on the fourth day of July, 1889, and after organiza- 
tion shall declare, on behalf of the people of said proposed 
states, that they adopt the constitution of the United States; 
whereupon the said conventions shall be, and are hereby 
authorized to form constitutions and state governments for 
said proposed states respectively. The constitution shall be 
republican in form, and make no distinction in civil or political 
rights on account of race or color, except as to Indians not 
taxed, and not to be repugnant to the constitution of the 
United States and the principles of the declaration of inde- 
pendence. And said convention shall provide, by ordinances 
irrevocable without the consent of the United States and the 
people of said states. 

First. That the perfect toleration of ireligious sentiment 
shall be secured, and that no inhabitant of said states shall 
ever be molested in person or property on account of his 
or her mode of religious worship. 

Second. That the people inhabiting said proposed states 
do agree and declare that they forever disclaim all right 
and title to the unappropriated public lands lying within the 
boundaries thereof, and to all lands lying within said limits 
owned or held by any Indian or Indian tribes; and that until 
the title thereto shall have been extinguished by the United 
States the same shall be and remain subject to the disposition 
of ^e United States, and said Indian lands shall remain 
under the absolute jurisdiction and control of the congress 
of the United States; that the lands belonging to citizens oif 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 6^ 

the United States residing without the said states shall never 
be taxed at a higher rate than the lands belonging to residents 
thereof; that no taxes shall be imposed by the states on lands 
or property therein belonging to or which may hereafter be 
purchased by the United States or reserved for its use. But 
rK>tihing herein, or in the ordinances herein provided for. 
shall preclude the sai3 states from taxing as other lands are 
taxed any lands owned or held by any Indian who has severed 
his tribal relations, and has obtained from the United States or 
from any person a title thereto by patent or other grant, save 
and except such lands as have been or may be granted to any 
Indian or Indians under any act of congress containing a 
provision exempting the lands thus granted from taxation; 
but said ordinances shall provide that all such lands shall be 
exempt from taxation by said states so long and to such extent 
as such act of congress may prescribe. 

Third. ^That the debts and liabilities of said territories 
shall be assumed and paid by said states respectively. 

Fourth. That provision shall be made for the establish- 
ment and maintenace of systems of public schools, which 
shall be open to all the children of said states, and free from 
sectarian control. 

Sec 5. That the convention which shall assemble at Bis- 
marck shall form a constitution and state government for a 
state to be known as North Dakota and the convention 
which shall assemble at Sioux Falls shall form a constitu- 
tion and state government for a state to be known as South 
Dakota; provided, that at the election for delegates to the 
constitutional convention in South Dakota, as hereinbefore 
provided, each elector may have written or printed on his 
ballot the words "For the Sioux Falls Constitution" or the 
words "Against the Sioux Falls Constitution," and the 
votes on Ms question shall be returned and canvassed in 
the same manner as far the election provided for in Sec. 3 
of this act; and if a majority of all votes cast on this ques- 
tion sihall be "For the Sioux Falls Constitution" it shall be 
the duty of the convention which may assemble at Sioux 
Falls, as herein provided, to resubmit to the people o! 
South Dakota, for ratification or rejection at the election 
hereinafter provided for in this act, the constitution framed 
at Sioux Falls and adopted Nov. 3. 1885, and also the ar- 
ticles and propositions separately submitted at that election, 
including the question of locating the temporar>- seat of 
government, with such changes only as relate to the name and 
boundary of the proposed state, to the reapportionment of the 
judicial and legislative districts, and such amendments as may 
be necessary in order to comply with the provisions of this 
act; and if a majority of the votes cast on the ratification or 
rejection of the constitution shall be for the constitution ir- 



58 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

respective of the articles separately submitted, the state of 
South Dakota shall be admitted as a state in the union under 
said constitution as hereinafter provided; but the archives, 
records and books of the territory of Dakota shall remain 
at Bismarck, the capital of North Dakota, until an agreement 
in reference thereto is reached by said states. But if at elec- 
tion for delegates to the constitutional convention in South 
Dakota a majority of all the votes cast at that election shall 
be "Against the Sioux Falls Constitution," then in that event 
It shall be the duty of the convention which will assemble at 
the city of Sioux Falls on the fourth day of July, 1889, to 
proceed to form a constitution and state government as 
provided in this act the same as if that question had not 
been submitted to a vote of the people of South Dakota. 

Sec. 6. It shall be the duty of the constitutional conven- 
tions of North Dakota and South Dakota to appoint a joint 
commission to be composed of not less than three members 
of each convention, whose duty it shall be to assemble at 
Bismarck, the present seat of government of said territory, 
and agree upon an equitable division of all property be- 
longing to the. territory of Dakota, the disposition of all 
public records, and also adjust and agree upon the amount 
of the debts and lial)ilities of the territoiry which shall be 
assumed and paid by each of the proposed states of North 
Dakota and South Dakota, and the agreement reached re- 
specting the territorial debts and liabilities shall be incor- 
porated in the respective constitutions, and each of said 
states shall obligate itself to pay its proportion of such debts 
and liabilities the same as if they had been created by such 
states respectively. 

Sec. 7. If the constitutions formed for both North Da- 
kota and South Dakota shall be rejected by the people at 
the elections for the ratification or rejection of their re- 
spective constitutions as provided for in this act, the terri- 
torial government of Dakota shall continue in existence the 
same as if this act had not been passed. But if the consti- 
tution formed for either North Dakota or South Dakota 
shall be rejected by the people, that part of the territory so 
rejecting its proposed constitution shall continue under the 
territorial government of the present territory of Dakota, 
but shall, after the state adopting its constitution is ad- 
mitted into the union be called by the name of the terri- 
tory of North Dakota or South Dakota, as the case may be; 
provided, that if either of the proposed states provided for 
in this act shall reject the constitution which may be sub- 
mitted for ratification or rejection at the election provided 
therefor, the governor of the territory in which such pro- 
posed constitution was rejected shall issue his proclamation 



StATE Or N'ORTH DAKOTA 69 



■^•■^^a 



reconvening the delegates elected to the convention which 
formed Such rejected constitution, fixing the time and place 
at which said delegates shall assemble; and when so as- 
sembled they shall proceed to form another constitution or 
to amend the rejected constitution, and shall, submit- such 
new constitution or amended constitution to the people of 
the proposed state for ratification or rejection at such time 
as said convention may determine; and all the provisions 
of this act, so far as applicable, shall apply to such conven- 
tion so . reassembled and to the constitution which may be 
formed, its ratification or rejection, and to the admission 
of the proposed state. 

Sec. 8. That the constitutional convention which may 
assemble in South Dakota shall provide by ordinance for 
resubmitting the Sioux Falls constitution of 1885, after hav- 
ing amended the same as provided in Sec. 5 of this act, to 
the people of South Dakota for ratification or rejection at 
an election to be held therein on the first Tuesday m Octo- 
ber, 1889; but if said constitutional convention is author- 
ized and required to form a new constitution for South Da- 
kota it shall provide for submitting the same in like manner 
to the people of South Dakota for ratification or rejection, 
at an election to be held in said proposed state on the said 
first Tuesday in October. And the constitutional conven- 
tions which may assemble in North Dakota, Montana and 
Washington shall provide in like manner for submitting the 
constitutions formed by them to the people of said pro- 
posed states, respectively, for ratification or rejection at 
elections to be held m said proposed states on the said first 
Tuesday in October. At the elections provided for in this 
section the qualified voters of said proposed states shall 
vote directly for or against the proposed constitutions, and 
■for or against any articles or propositions separately sub- 
mitted. The returns of said elections shall be made to the 
secretary of each of said territories, who, with the governor 
and chief justice thereof, or any two of them, shall canvass 
the same; and if a majority of the legal votes cast shall 
be for the constitution the governor shall certify the result 
to the president of the United States, together with a state- 
ment of the votes cast theron and upon separate articles or 
propositions, and a copy of the said constitution, articles, 
propositions and ordinances. And if the constitutions and 
governments of said proposed states are republican in form, 
iind if all the provisions of this act have been complied 
with in the formation thereof, it shall be the duty of the 
president of the United States to issue his proclamation 
jannouncihg the result of the election in each, and there- 
upon the -proposed states which have adopted constitutions 



70 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

and formed state governments as herein provided, shaii be 
deemed admitted by congress into the union under and b5 
virtue of this act, on an equal footing with the original 
states from and after the date of said proclamation. 

Sec. 9. That until the next general census, or until other- 
wise provided by law, said states shall be entitled to one 
representative in the house of representatives of the United 
States, except South Dakota, which shall be entitled to two; 
and the representatives to the fifty-first congress, together 
with the governors and other officers provided for in said 
constitutions may be elected on the same day of the elec- 
tion for the ratification or rejection of the constitutions; 
and until said state officers are elected and qualified under 
the provisions of each constitution and the states, respect- 
ively, are admitted into the union, the territorial officers 
shall continue to discharge the duties of their respective 
offices in each of said territories. 

Sec 10. That upon the admission of each of said states 
into the union sections numbered 16 and 36 in every town- 
ship of said proposed states, and where such sections, or 
any parts thereof, have been sold or otherwise disposed of 
by or under the authority of any act of congress, other 
lands equivalent thereto, in legal subdivisions of not less 
than one-quarter section, and as contiguous as may be to 
the section in lieu of which the same is taken, are hereby 
granted to said states for the support of common schools, 
such indemnity lands to be selected within said states in 
such manner as the legislature may provide, with the ap- 
proval of the secretary of the interior; provided, that the 
16th and 36th sections embraced in permanent reservations 
for national purposes shall not, at any time, be subject to 
the grants nor to the indemnity provisions of this act, nor 
shall any lands, embraced in Indian, military, or other res- 
ervations of any character, be subject to the grants or to 
the indemnity provisions of this act until the reservation 
shall have been extinguished and such lands be restored to, 
and become a part of, the public domain. 

Sec. 11. That all lands herein granted for educational 
purposes shall be disposed of only at public sale, and at a 
price not less than $10 per acre, the proceeds to constitute 
a permanent school fund, the interest of which only shall 
be expended in the support of said schools. But said lands 
may, under such regulations as the legislatures shall pre- 
scribe, be leased for periods of not more than five years, in 
quantities not exceeding one section to any one person or 
company; and such land shall not be subject to pre-emp- 
tion, homestead entry, or any other entry under the land 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 71 

laws of the United States, whether surveyed or unsurveyed, 
but shall be reserved for school purposes only. 

Sec 12. That upon the admission of each of said states 
into the union, in accordance with the provisions of this 
act, fifty sections of the unappropriated public lands within 
said states, to be selected and located in legal subdivisions 
as provided in section 10 of this act, shall be, and are here- 
by, granted to said states for the purpose of erecting public 
buildings at the capital of said states for legislative, ex- 
ecutive and judicial purposes. 

Sec. 13. That 5 percentum of the proceeds of the sales of 
public lands lying within said states which shall be sold 
by the United States subsequent to the admission of said 
states into the union, after deducting all the expenses inci- 
dent to the same, shall be paid to the said states, to be used 
OS a permanent fund, the interest of which only shall be 
expended for the support of commpn schools within said 
states respectively. 

Sec. 14. That the lands granted to the territories of Da- 
. kota and Montana By the aot of Feb. 18, 1881, entitled ".A.n 
act to grant lands to Dakota, Montana, Arizona, Idaho and 
Wyoming for university purposes," are hereby vested in the 
states of South Dakota, North Dakota and Montana, re- 
spectively, if such states are admitted into the union as 
provided in this act, to the extent of the full quantity of seventy- 
two sections to each of said states, and any portion of said 
lands that may have been selected by either of said terri- 
tories of Dakota Qfr Montana may be selected by the re- 
spective states aforesaid; but said act of February 18,1881, 
shall be so amended as to provide that none of said lands 
shall be sold for less than $10 per acre, and the proceeds 
shall constitute a permanent fund to be safely invested and 
held by said states severally, and the income thereof be 
used exclusively for university purposes. And such quan- 
tity of the lands authorized by the fourth section of the 
act oJP July 17, 1854, to be reserved for university purposes 
in the territory of Washington, as, together with the lands 
confirmed to the vendees of the territory by the act of March 
14, 1864, will make the full quantity of seventy-two entire 
sections, are hereby granted in like manner to the state of 
Washington for the purposes of a university in said state. 
None of the lands granted in this section shall be sold at 
less than $10 per acre; but said lands may be leased in 
the same manner as provided in section 11 of this act. The 
schools, colleges and universities provided for in this act 
shall forever remain under the exclusive control of the 

said states respectivelv. anH **rx ,^^«* --f '^'-- r- "*" 'jV"" 

from the sale or disposal of any lands herem granted tor 



92 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



creased or diminished during the term for which a judge 
shall have been elected. 

Sec. 100. In case a judge of the supreme court shall be 
in any way interested in a cause brous^ht before said court 
the remaining judges of said court shall call one of the dis- 
trict judges to sit with them in the hearing of said cause. 

Sec. 101. When a judgment or decree is reversed or con- 
firmed by the supreme court every point fairly arising 
upon the record of the case shall be considered and decided, 
and the reasons therefor shall be concisely stated in writ- 
ing, signed by the judges concurring, filed in the office of 
the clerk of the supreme court, and preserved with a record 
of the case, i^^ny judge dissenting therefrom may give the 
reason for his dissent in writing over his signature. 

Sec. 102. It shall be the duty of the court to orepare a 
syllabus of the points adjudicated in each case, which shall 
be concurred in by a majority of the judges thereof, and it 
shall be prefixed to the published reports of the case. 

Sec. 103. The district courts shall have original jurisdic- 
tion, except as otherwise provided in this constitution, of 
all causes both at law and equity, and such appellate juris- 
diction as may be conferred by law. They and the judges 
thereof shall also have jurisdiction and power to issue writs 
of habeas corpus, quo warranto, certiorari, injunction and 
other original and remedial writs, with authority to hear 
and determine the same. 

Sec. 104. The state shall be clivided into six judicial dis- 
tricts, in each of which there shall be elected at general 
elections by the electors thereof one judge of the district 
court therein whose term of office shall be four years from 
the first Monday in January succeeding his election and 
until his successor is duly qualified. This section shall 
not be construed as governing the first election of district 
judges under this constitution. 

Sec. 105. Until otherwise provided by law, said districts 
shall be constituted as follows: 

District No. One shall consist of the counties of Pembina, 
Cavalier, Walsh, Nelson and Grand Forks. 

District No. Two shall consist of the counties of Ramsey, 
Towner, Benson, Pierce, Rolette, Bottineau, McHenry, 
Church, Renville, Ward, Stevens, Mountraille, Garfield, 
Flannery and Buford. 

District No. Three shall consist of the counties of Cass, 
Steele and Traill. 

District No. Four snail consist of the counties of Rich- 
land, Ransom, Sargent, Dickey and Mcintosh. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 73 

I I ■■ I ■ I, - - II ■ I - ■ ■■ n~~i — "r -^ ■ ■ ^^^■^■^■^^ 

said state may determine, 170,000 acres; in all 600,000 
acres. 

To the state of North Dakota a like quantity of land as 
IS in this section granted to the state of South Dakota, and 
to be for like purposes, and in like proportion as far as 
practicable. 

To the state of Montana: For the establishment and 
maintenance of a school of mines, 100,000 acres; for state 
normal schools, 100,000 acres; for agricultural colleges, in 
addition to the grant hereinbefore made for that purpose, 
60,000 acres: for the establis-hment of a state reform school, 
50,000 acres; for the establishment of a deaf and dumb 
asylum, 50,000 acres; for public buildings at the capital of 
the state, in addition to the grants hereinbefore made for 
that purpose, 150,000 acres. 

To the state of Washington: For the establishment and 
maintenance of a scientific school, 100,000 acres; for the 
sta>e normal schools, 100,000 acres; for public buildings at 
the state capital in addition to the grant hereinbefore made 
for that purpose, 100,000 acres; for state, charitable, edu- 
cational, penal and reformatory institutions, 200,000 acres. 

That the states provided for in this act shall not be en- 
titled to any further or other grants of land for any pur- 
pose than as expressly provided in this act. And the lands 
granted by this section shall be held, appropriated, and dis- 
posed of exclusively for the purposes herein mentioned, in 
such manner as the legislatures of the respective states 
may severally provide. 

Sec 18. That all mineral lands shall be exempted from 
the grants made by this act. But if sections 16 and 36 or 
any subdivision or portion of any smallest subdivision 
thereof in any township shall be found by the department 
of the interior to be mineral lands said states are hereby 
authorized and empowered to select, in legal subdivisions, 
an equal quantity of other unappropriated lands in said 
states, in lieu thereof, for the use and the benefit of the 
common schools of said states. 

Sec. 19. That all lands granted in quantity or as indem- 
nity by this act shall be selected, under the direction of the 
secretary of the interior, from the surveyed, unreserved and 
unappropriated public lands of the United States within the 
limits of the respective states entitled thereto. And there 
shall be deducted from the number of acres of land donated 
by this act for specific objects to said states the number of 
acres in each heretofore donated by congress to said terri- 
tories for similar objects. 

• Sec. 20. That the sum of $20,000, or so much thereof as 
may be necessary, is hereby appropriated, out of any money 



74 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, to each of said 
territories for defraying the expenses of said conven- 
tions, except to Dakota, for which the sum of $40,000 is so 
appropriated, $20,000 each for South Dakota and North Da- 
kota, and for the payment of the members thereof, under 
the same rules and regulation:^ and at the same rates as are 
now provided by law for the payment of the territorial leg- 
islatures. Any money hereby appropriated not necessary 
for such purpose shall be covered into the treasury of the 
United States. 

Sec. 21. That each of said states, when admitted as afore- 
said, shall constitute one judicial district, the names thereof 
to be the same as the names of the states, irespectively ; and 
the circuit and district courts therefor shall be held at the 
capital of such state for the time being, and each of said 
districts shall, for judicial purposes, until otherwise pro- 
vided, be attached ta the Eighth judicial circuit, except 
Washington and Montana, which shall be attached to the 
Ninth judicial circuit. There shall be appointed for each 
of said districts one district judge, one United States attor- 
ney, and one United States marshal. The judge of each of 
said districts shall receive a yearly salary of $3,500, pay- 
able in four equal installments, on the first days of Janaury, 
April, July and October of each year, and shall reside in the 
district. There shall be appointed clerks of said courts in 
each district, who shall keep their offices at the capital of 
said state. The regular terms of said courts shall be held 
in each district, at the place aforesaid, on the first Monday 
in April and the first Monday in November of each year, 
and only one grand jury and one petit jury shall be sum- 
moned in both said circuit and district courts. The cir- 
cuit and district courts for each of said districts and the 
judges thereof, respectively, shall possess the same powers 
and jurisdiction, and perform the same duties required to 
be performed by the other circuit and district courts and 
judges of the United States, and shall be governed by the 
same laws and regulations. The marshal, district attor- 
ney and clefks of the circuit and district courts of each of 
said districts, and all other officers and persons performing 
duties in the administration of justice therein, shall sev- 
erally possess the powers and perform the duties lawfully 
possessed and required to be performed by similar officers 
in other districts of the United States; and shall, for the 
services they may perform, receive the fees and compen- 
sation allowed by law to other similar officers and persons 
performing similar duties in the state of Nebraska. 

Sec. 22. That all cases of appeal or writ of error hereto- 
fore prosecuted and now pending in the supreme court of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 75 



the United States upon any record from the supreme court 
of either of the territories mentioned in this act, or that 
may hereafter lawfully be prosecuted upon any record from 
either of said courts, may be heard and determined by said 
supreme court of the United States. And the mandate of 
execution or of further proceedings shall be directed by the 
supreme court of the United States to the circuit or district 
court hereby established within the state succeeding the 
territory from which such record is or may be pending, or 
to the supireme court of such state, as the nature of the case 
may require; provided, that the mandate of execution or of 
further proceedings shall, in cases arising in the territory 
of Dakota, be directed by the supreme court of the United 
States to the circuit or district court of the district of South 
Dakota, or to the supreme court of the state of South Da- 
kota; or to the circuit or district court of the district of 
North Dakota, or to the supreme court of the state of North 
Dakota, or to the supreme court of the territcury of North 
Dakota, as the nature of the case may require. And each 
of the circuit, district and state courts herein named shall, 
respectively, he the successor of the supreme court, of the 
lerritory, as to all such cases arising within the limits em- 
braced within the jurisdiction of such courts respectively, 
with full power to proceed with the same, and award mesne 
or final process therein; and that from all judgments and 
decrees of the supreme court of either of the territories 
mentioned in this act, in any case arising within the limits 
of any of the proposed states prior to admission, the parties 
to such judgment shall have the same "right to prosecute ap- 
peals and writs of error to the supreme court of the United 
States as they shall have had by law prior to the admission 
of said state into the union. 

Sec. 23. That in respect to all cases, proceedings and 
matters now pending in the supreme or district courts of 
either of the territories mentioned in this act at the time of 
the admission into the union of either of the states men- 
tioned in this act, and arising within the limits of any such 
state, whereof the circuit or district courts by this act es- 
tablished might have had jurisdiction under the laws of^the 
United States had such courts existed at the time of the 
commencement of such cases, the said circuit and district 
courts, respectively, shall be the successors of said supreme 
and district courts of said territory; and in respect to all 
other cases, proceedings and matters pending in the su- 
preme or district courts of any of the territories mentioned 
in this act at the time of the admission of such territory 
into the union, arising within the limits of said proposed 
state, the courts established by such state shall, respect- 



76 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



ively, be the successors of said supreme and district terri- 
torial courts; and all the files, records, indictments and pro- 
ceedings relating to any such cases shall be transferred to 
such circuit, district and state courts respectively, and 
the same shall be proceeded with therein in due course of 
flaw; but no writ, action, indictment, cause or proceeding 
now pending, or that prior to the admission of any of the 
states mentioned in this act shall be pending in any terri- 
torial court in any of the territories mentioned in this act, 
shall abate by the admission of any such state into the 
union, but the same shall be transferred and proceeded with 
in the proper United States circuit, district or state court 
as the case may be; provided, however, that in all civil 
actions, causes and proceedings in which the United States 
is not a party, transfers shall not be made to the circuit and 
district courts of the United States except upon written 
request of one of the parties to such action or proceeding 
filed in the proper court; and in the absence of such re- 
quest, such cases shall be proceeded with in the proper 
state courts. 

Sec. 24. That the constitutional conventions may, by 
ordinance, provide for the election of officers for full state 
governments, including members of the legislatures and 
representatives in. the fifty-first congress; but said state 
govcrnmerj't shall remain in abeyance until the states shall 
be admitted into the union, respectively, as provided in this 
act. In case the constitution of any of said proposed states 
shall be ratified by the people, but not otherwise, the legis- 
lature thereof may assemble, organize, and elect two sena- 
tors of the United States, and the governor and secretary of 
state of such proposed state shall certify the election of the 
senators and representatives in the manner required by 
.law; and when such state is admitted into the union the 
senators and representatives shall be entitled to be admit- 
ted to seats in congress, and to all the rights and privileges 
of senators and representatives of other states in the con- 
gress of the United States; and the officers of the state 
governments formed in pursuance of said constitutions, as 
provided by the constitutional conventions, shall proceed to 
exercise all the functions of such state officers; and all 
laws in force made by said territories at the time of their 
admission into the union shall be in force in said states, 
except as modified or changed by this act or by the consti- 
tutions of the states, respectively. 

Sec. 25. That all acts or parts of acts in conflict with the 
provisions of this act, whether passed by the legislatures of 
said territories or by congress, are hereby repealed. 



STATE CONSTITUTION 



[Adopted Oct. 1, 1889; yeas, 27,441; nays, 8,107.1 

We, the people of North Dakota, grateful to Almighty 
God for the blessings of civil and religious liberty, do or- 
dain and establish this constitution. 

ARTICLE 1.— Declaration of Rights. 

Section 1. All men are by nature equally free and inde- 
pendent and have certain inalienable rights, among which 
are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquir- 
ing, possessing and protecting property and reputation; and 
pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness. 

Sec. 2. All political power is inherent in the people. Gov- 
ernment is instituted for the protection, security and benefit 
of the people, and they have a right to alter or reform the 
same whenever the public good may require. 

Sec. .3. The state of North Dakota is an inseparable part 
of the Am-erican union and the constitution of the United 
States is the supreme kw of the land. 

Sec. 4. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious pro- 
fession and worship, without discrimination or preference, 
shall be forever guaranteed in this state, and no per- 
son shall be rendered incompetent to be a witness or juror 
on account of his opinion on matters of religious belief; 
but the liberty of conscience hereby secured shall not be 
so construed as to excuse acts of licentiousness, or justify 
practices inconsistent with the peace or safety of this state. 

Sec. 5. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall 
not be suspended unless, when in case of rebellion or in- 
vasion, tiie public safety may require. 

Sec. 6. All persons shall be bailable by sufficient sureties, 
unless for capital offenses, when the proof is evident or the 
presumption great. Excessive bail shall not be required, 
nor excessive fines imposed, nor shall cruel or unusual 
punishments be inflicted. Witnesses shall not be unreason- 
ably detained, nor be confined in any room where criminals 
are actually imprisoned. 

Sec 7. The right of trial by jury shall be secured to all, 
and remain inviolate; but a jury in civil cases, in courts 
not of record, may consist of less than twelve men, as may 
be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 8. Until otherwise provided by law, no person shall, 
for a felony, be proceeded against criminally, otherwise 



V 



98 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

conduct their business in such a manner as to infringe 
the equal rights of individuals or the general well being 
of the state. 

Sec. 135. In all elections for directors or managers of a 
corporation, each member or shareholder may cast the 
whole number of his votes for one candidate, or distribute 
them upon two or more candidates, as he may prefer. 

Sec. 136. No foreign corporation shall do business in 
this state without having one or more places of business 
and an authorized agent or agents in the same, up'on whom 
process may be served. 

Sec. 137. No corporation shall engage in any business 
other than that expressly authorized in its charter. 

Sec. 138. No corporation shall issue stock or bonds ex- 
cept for money, labor done, or money or property actually 
received; and all fictitious increase of stock or indebtedness 
shall be void. The stock and indebtedness of corpo- 
rations shall not ,be increased except in pursuance of 
general law, nor without the consent of the persons hold- 
ing the larger amount in value of the stock first obtained 
at a meeting to be held after sixty days' notice given in 
pursuance of law. 

Sec. 139. No law shall be passed by the legislative as- 
sembly granting the .right to construct and operate a street 
railroad, telegraph, telephone or electric light plant with- 
in any city, town or incorporated village, without requir- 
ing the consent of the local authorities having the control 
of the street or highway proposed to be occupied for such 
purposes. 

Sec. 140. Every railroad corporation organized and do- 
ing business in this state under the laws or authority 
thereof, shall have and maintain a public office or place 
in the state for the transaction of its business, where 
transfers of its stock shall be made and in which shall 
be kept for public inspection books in which shall be re- 
corded the amount of capital stock subscribed, and by 
whom, the names of the owners of its stock and the 
amount owned by them respectively; the amount of stock 
paid in and by whom and the transfers of said stock; the 
amount of its assets and liabilities and the names and 
place of residence of its officers. The directors of every 
railroad corporation shall annually make a report, under 
oath to the auditor of public accounts, or some officer or 
officers to be designated by law, of all their acts and 
doings, which report shall include such matters relating to 
railroads as may be prescribed by law, and the legislative 
assembly shall pass laws enforcing by suitable penalties 
the provisions of this section ; provided, the provisions of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 79 

Sec. 15. No person shall be imprisoned for debt unless 
upon refusal to deliver up his estate for the benefit of his 
creditors, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law; 
or in cases of tort; or where there is strong presumption 
of fraud. 

Sec. 16. No bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law 
impairing the obligations of contracts shall ever be passed. 

Sec. 17. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, un- 
less for the punishment of crime, shall ever be tolerated in 
this state. 

Sec 18. The right of the people to be secure in their 
persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable 
searches and seizures, shall not be violated; and no war- 
rant shall issue but upon prc^able cause, supported by oath 
or affirmation, particularly describing the place to be 
searched and the persons and things to be seized. 

Sec. 19. Treason against the state shall consist only in 
levying war against it, adhering to its enemies or giving 
them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of 
treason unless on the evidence of two witnesses to the same 
overt act, or confession in open court. 

Sec. 20. No special privileges or immunities shall ever 
be granted which may not be altered, revoked or repealed 
by the legislative assembly; nor shall any citizen or class 
of citizens be granted privileges or immunities which upon 
the same terms shall not be granted to all citizens. 

Sec. 21. The provisions of this constitution are manda- 
tory and prohibitory unless, by express words, they are de- 
clared to be otherwise. 

Sec. 22. All courts shall be open and every man for any 
injury done him in his lands, goods, person or reputation 
shall have remedy by due process of law, and right and 
justice administered without sale, denial or delay. Suits 
may be brought against the state in such manner, in such 
courts and in such cases as the legislative assembly may, 
by law, direct. 

Sec. 23. Every citizen of this state shall be free to obtain 
employment wherever possible, and any person, corpora- 
tion, or agent thereof, maliciously interfering or hindering 
in any way, any citizen from obtaining or enjoying employ- 
ment already obtained, from any other corporation or per- 
son, shall be deem-ed guilty of a misdemeanor. 

Sec. 24. To guard against transgressions of the high 
powers wliich we have delegated, we declare that every- 
thing in this article is excepted out of the geneial powers 
of government and shall forever remain inviolate. 



80 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



ARTICLE II.^The Legislative Departn^ent. 



Sec. 25. The legislative power ^h^U k« 
ale and house of rcpresentativel "'^'^'^ '" ^ s^"- 

Scc. 2(). The senate shall he^ /-r^r^r.^ j r 
thirty nor more than fifty members "^ °^ "°* '^« *a„ 

Sec. 27. Senators shall be electeH f^- tu . 
years, except as hereinafter provided ' '""'" °^ ^«>"'- 

Sec 28. No person shall be a senator ,.,i,^ • 
ified elector in the district in which he mr^h T " •'"^'- 
who shall not have attained the^e 0^™ fi"""' ""** 
and have been a resident of the state or Wrfr'i ^^^"• 
years next preceding his election t'^mtory for two 

Sec. 29. The legislative assembly shall fix- ti,« •. 

of senators, and divide the state Intr^ ,c "^ number 

districts as there arc senators which districu'T, ''^"••",°"^' 
may be, shall be equal to each otW ;, <1 ' *\ "«rly as 
habitant's entitled ?o representation" 'l^ Sc[ "IC.i 
be entitled to one senator and no more and sh-,!! k '^" 
posed of compact and contiguous te^ri'ory ani 1 nnT'" 
of any county shall be attached to any other co^.m^ °" 
part thereof, so as to form a district Th. h;J ."^"""'y- or 
a^ertained and determined shfir^-^ltinS^m'ln'Th'aVg^.^t 

S€c. 30. The senatorial distrirf<; qIioH k^ ^ t. 
secutively from one upwards according ^o UrScr^o? 

even numbers shall cSute one cla^s and ^T^'^'"^ ^^ 
m districts designated by odd mfmhirc un *''"'^ ''^""^^^ 
other class. The senators of nn^M ^" !=""-^"tute the 

1890 shall hold the r office for °wo vears ' 'h''''^ '? '!"' ^^^^ 
class shall hold their office fou^yiLrs 'and the h''' "'^^^ 
.on of the two classes shall be byXt' so thi^t nn. 'i,™;"'''; 
the^senators. as nearly as practic/blc'lnfy" re'^^.S^^n"! 

rel^L'iessJ!:! "^TL^^ ^^tZ^,^ ^X^i each 

sary. shall elect one of its me^bers';^o"dentTo tUore" 
who may take the place of the lieu enant governor undn; 
rules prescribed by law. hovcinor under 

^(^^^* ^^' I'^* ''•""^^ **^ representatives shall be comoosed 
members " '"''^ "°' '"^''= '^^" ^""^ ''""drcd an7fortJ 

two 'yea^rs. ^^P^"^"'^*'^" ^ha" be elected for the term of 

, ^^\l\ ^^ P**""?"" ^ball be a i-epresentative who is nof 
a qualified elector in the district from which he may he 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 81 



chosen, and who shall not have attained the age of twenty- 
one years, and have been a resident of the state or territory 
for two years next preceding his election. 

Sec. 35. The members of the house of representatives 
shall be apportioned to and elected at large from each sen- 
atorial district. The legislative assembly shall, in the year 
1895, and every tenth year, cause an enumeration to be 
made of all the inhabitants of this state, and shall at its 
first regular session after each such enumeration, and also 
after each federal census, proceed to fix by law the number 
of senators which shall constitute the senate of North Da- 
kota, and the number of representatives which shall con- 
stitute the house of representatives of North Dakota, with- 
in the limits prescribed by this constitution, and at the 
same session shall proceed to reapportion the state into 
senatorial districts, as prescribed by this constitution, and 
to fix the number of members of the house of representa- 
tives to be elected from the several senatorial districts; 
provided, that the legislative assembly may, at any regular 
session, redistrict the state into senatorial districts and 
apportion the senators and representatives respectively. 

Sec. 36. The house of representatives shall elect one of its 
members as speaker. 

Sec. 37. No judge or clerk of any court, secretary of 
state, attorney general, register of deeds, sheriff or person 
holding any office of profit under this state, except in the 
militia, or the office of attorney at law, notary public or jus- 
tice of the peace, and no person holding any office of profit 
or honor under any foreign government, or under the gov- 
ernment of ■ the United States, except postmasters whose 
annual compensation does not exceed the sum of $300, shall 
hold any office in either branch of the legislative assembly 
or become a member thereof. 

Sec. 38. No member of the legislative assembly expelled 
for corruption, and no person convicted of bribery, perjury 
or other infamous crime, shall be eligible to the legislative 
assembly, or to any office in either branch thereof. 

Sec. 39. No member of the legislative assembly shall, 
during the term for which he was elected, be appointed or 
elected to any civil office in this state, which shall have 
been created, or the emoluments of which shall have been 
increased, during the term for which he was elected ; nor 
shall any member receive any civil appointment from the 
governor, or governor and senate, during the term of which 
he sfhall have been elected. 

Sec. 40. If any person elected to either house of the leg- 
islative assembly shall offer or promise to give his vote or 
influence in favor of, or against, anv measure or proposi- 



Blue Book-6. 



82 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



tion pending or proposed to be introduced into the legisla- 
tive assembly, in consideration, or upon conditions, that 
any other- person elected to the same legislative assembly 
will give, or will promise or assent to give, his vote or in- 
fluence in favor of or against any other measure or proposi-» 
tion pending or proposed to be introduced into such legis-^ 
lative assembly, the person making such offer or promise' 
shall be deemed guilty of solicitation of briber'. If any 
member of the legislative assembly shall give his vote or 
influence for or against any measure or proposition, pend- 
ing or proposed to be introduced into such legislative 
assembly, or offer, promise or assent to do upon condi- 
tion that any other member will give, promise or assent to 
give his vote or influence in favor of or against any otner 
such measure or proposition pending or proposed to be 
introduced into such legislative assembly, or in considera^ 
tion that any other member hath given his vote or influ- 
ence for or against any other measure or proposition in 
such legislative assembly, he shall be deemed guilty of brib- 
ery. And any person, member of the legislative assembly 
or person elected thereto, who shall be guilty of either such 
offenses, shall be expelled, and shall not thereafter be eligi- 
ble to the legislative assembly, and on the conviction 
thereof, in the civil courts, shall be liable to such further 
penalty as may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 41. The term of service of the members of the leg- 
islative assembly shall begin on the first Tuesday in Jan- 
uary, next after their election. 

Sec. 42. The members of the lej^islative assembly shall 
in all cases except treason, felony and breach of peace, 
be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the 
sessions of their respective houses, and in going to or re- 
turning from the same. For words used in any speech or 
debate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any 
other place. 

Sec. 43. Any member who has a personal or private in- 
terest in any measure or bill proposed or pending before 
the legislative assembly, shall disclose the fact to tne house 
of which he is a member and shall not vote thereon with- 
out the consent of the house. 

Sec. 44. The governor shall issue writs of election to 
fill such vacancies as may occur in either house of the legis- 
lative assembly. 

Sec. 45. Each member of the legislative assembly shall 
receive as a compensation for his services for each session, 
five dollars per da-' and ten cents for every mile of neces- 
sary travel in going to and returning from the place of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 83 



meeting of the legislative assembly on the most usual 
route. 

Sec. 46. A majority of the members of each house shall 
constitute a quorum, but a smaller number may adjourn 
from day to day, and may compel the attendance of absent 
members in such a manner and under such a penalty as 
may be prescribed by law. 

Sec 47. Each house shall be the judge of the election re- 
turns and the qualifications of its own members. 

Sec. 48. Each house shall have the power to determine 
the rules of proceedings and punish its members or other 
persons for contempt or disorderly behavior in its pres- 
ence; to protect its members against violence or offers of 
bribes or private solicitation, and with the concurrence of 
two-thirds, to expel a member; and shall have all other 
powers necessary and usual in the legislative assembly of 
a free state. But no imprisonment by either house shall 
continue beyond thirty days. Punishment for contempt 
or disorderly behavior shall not bar a criminal prosecution 
for the same offense. 

Sec. 49. Each house shall Keep a journal of its proceed- 
ings, and the yeas and nays on any question shall be taken 
and entered on the journal at the request of one-sixth of 
those present. 

Sec 50. The sessions of each house and of the commit- 
tee of the whole shztll be open unless the business is such 
as ought to be kept secret. 

Sec 51. Neither house shall, without the consent of the 
oth^r, adjourn for more than three davs nor to any other 
place than that in which the two houses shall be sitting, 
except in case of epidemic, pestilence or other great danger. 

Sec 52. The senate and house of representatives jointly 
shall be designated as the legislative assembly of the state 
of North Dakota. 

Sec 53. The legislative assembly shall meet at the seat 
of government at 12 o'clock noon on the first Tuesday after 
the first Monday in January, in the year next following tne 
election of the members thereof. 

Sec 54. In all elections to be made by the legislative 
assembly, or either house thereof, the members shall vote 
viva voce, and their votes shall be entered in the journal 

Sec. 55. The sessions of the legislative assembly shall be 
biennial, except as otherwise provided in this constitution. 

Sec 56. No regular session of the legislative assembly 
shall exceed sixty days,# except in case of impeachment, but 
the first session of the legislative assembly may continue 
for a period of one hundred and twenty days. 



^ LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Sec. 57, Any bill may originate in either house of the 
legislative assembly, and a bill passed by one house may 
be amended by the other. 

Sec. i".'. No law shall be passed, except by a bill adopted 
by both houses, and no bill shall be altered and amended 
on its passage through either house as to change its original 
purpose. 

Sec. 59. The enacting clause of every law shall be as 
follows: "Be it enacted by the Legislative Assembly of the 
State of North Dakota." 

Sec. 60. No bill for the appropriation of money, except 
for the expenses of the government, shall be introduced 
after the fortieth day of the session, except T)y unanimous 
consent of the house in which it h sought to be introduced. 

Sec. 61. No bill shall embrace more than one subject, 
which shall be expressed in its title, but a bill which vio- 
lates this provision shall be invalidated thereby only as to 
so much thereof as shall not be so expressed. 

Sec. 62. The general appropriation bill shall embrace 
nothing but appropriations for the expenses of the execu- 
tive, legislative and judicial departments of the state, in- 
terest on the public debt and for public schools. All other 
appropriations shall be made by separate bills, each em- 
bracing but one subject. 

Sec. 63. Every bill shall be read three several times, but 
the first and second readings, and those only, may be upon 
the same day; and the . second reading may be by title of 
the bill unless a reading at length be demanded. The first 
and third readinj?s shall be at length. No legislative day 
shall be shorter than the natural day. 

Sec. 64. No bill shall be revised or amended, nor the pro- 
visions thereof extended or incorporated in any other bill 
by reference to its title only, but so much thereof as is 
revised, amended or extended or so incorporated shall be 
re-enacted and published at length. 

Sec. 65. No bill shall become a law except by a vote of 
a majority of all the members-elect in each house, nor un- 
less, on its final passgige, the vote be taken by yeas and 
nays, and the names of those voting be entered on the 
journal. 

Sec. 66. The presiding officer of each house shall, in the 
presence of the house over which he presides, sign all bills 
and joint resolutions passed by the legislative assembly; 
immediately before such signing their title shall be publicly 
read and the fact of signing shall be at once entered on the 

journal. 

« 

Sec. 67. No act of the legislative assembly shall take 
effect until July 1, after the close of the session, unless in 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 85 



case of emergency (which shall be expressed in the pream- 
ble or body of the act) the legislative assembly shall, by a 
vote of two-thirds of all the members present in each house, 
otherwise direct. 

Sec. 68. The legislative assembly shall pass all laws 
necessary to carry into effect the provisions of this consti- 
tution. 

Sec. 69. The legislative assembly shall not pass local or 
special laws in any of the following enumerated cases, that 
is to say: 

1. For granting divorces. 

2. Laying out, opening, altering or working roads or 
highways, vacating roads, town plats, streets, alleys or pub- 
lic grounds. 

3. Locating or changing county seats. 

4. Regulating- county or township affairs. 

5. Regulating the practice of courts of justice. 

6. Regulating the jurisdiction and duties of justices of 
the peace, police magistrates or constables. 

7. Changing the rules of evidence in any trial or in- 
quiry. 

8. Providing for change of venue in civil or criminal 
cases. 

9. Declaring any person of age. 

10. For limitation of civil actions, or giving effect to 
informal or invalid deeds. 

IL Summoning or impaneling grand or petit juries. 

12. Providing for the management of common schools. 

13. Regulating the rate of interest on money. 

14. The opening or conducting of any election or desiof- 
nating the place of votinpr. 

15. The sale or mortgage of real estate belonging to 
minors or others under disability. 

16. Chartering or licensing ferries, toll bridges or toll 
roads. 

17. Remitting fines, penalties or forfeitures. 

18. Creating, increasin? or decreasing fees, percentages 
or allowances of public officers. 

19. Changing the law of descent. 

20. Granting to any corporation, association or individual 
the right to lay down railroad tracks or any special or ex- 
clusive privilege, immunity or franchise whatever. 

21. For the punishment of crimes. 

22. Changing the names of persons or places. 

23. For the assessment or collection of taxes. 

24. Affecting estates of deceased persons, minors or oth- 
ers under legal disabilities. 

25. Extending the time for the collection of taxes. 







l^f ^x^^rrrj-jzsz jrrctirrr frrnt 






■I 



j: Cr»ar-T^g ccirss, cr -r»scr-cz=x tbs gcmgrs cr dtities 




5, tc-wns cr TiHiges, or Aang- 
irsf or in^.^ir-crr-i? the charter cf iirr tcini- err or village. 

'>i, Prov:d:nS for the dccticti cf nieinbers cf the ]>oard 
of »,";^*Tv:vori in townships, inccrp^crared t-cwss or citics- 

'w, 'I'h^ protection of game cr nsh. 

^vry;, 70, In all other cases where a general law can be 
m^d*; applicable, r.o special law shall be enacted; nor shall 
th*: >7r/,at:ve asserrhly indirectly enact snch special or 
U^ml law by the panial repeal of a general law, bat laws 
rcp'raling local or special acts may be passed. 

ARTICLE III. — Executive Department. 

Sk/:, 71, The executive power shall be vested in a gover- 
nor, who shall reside at the seat of government and shall 
hold \m office for the term of two years and until his suc- 
( f".*.or ']% elected and duly qualified. 

Skc. 72. A ' lieutenant governor shall be elected at the 
t»;itric time and for the same term as the governor. In case 
of the death, impeachment, resignation, failure to qualify, 
nbtencc from the state, removal from office, or the dis- 
iiliility of the Kovernor, the powers and duties of the office, 
(or the rcsirltie of the term, or until he shall be acquitted 
or the disability removed, shall devolve upon the lieuten- 
ant K*'vrrnor. 

Skc. 7IJ. No person shall be eligible to the office of gov- 
rrnnr or lictitcnant governor unless he be a citizen of the 
Itnilrd States, and a qualified elector of the state, who 
hIiuU Imvo attained the age of thirty years, and who shall 
bnvo resided five years next preceding the election within 
the nt«tr or Icrritory, nor shall he be eligible to any other 
oOne duritJK the term for which he shall have been elected. 

Stctv 74. The jjovernor and lieutenant governor shall be 
elected by the qualified electors of the state at the time 



STATE OF. NORTH DAKOTA 87 



and places of choosing members of the legislative assembly. 
The persons having the highest number of votes for gov- 
ernor and lieutenant governor respectively shall be de- 
clared elected, but if two or more shall have an equal and 
highest number of votes for governor or lieutenant gov- 
ernor, the two houses of the legislative assembly at its next 
regular session shall forthwith, by joint ballot, choose one 
of such persons for said office. The returns of the election 
for governor and lieutenant governor shall be made in such 
manner as shall be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 75. The governor shall be commander-in-chief of 
the military and naval forces of the state, except when they 
shall be called into the service of the United States, and 
may call out the same to execute the laws, suppress insur- 
rection and repel invasion. He shall have power to convene 
the legislative assembly on extraordinary occasions. He 
shall at the commencement of each session communicate 
to the legislative assembly by message, information of the 
condition of the state, and recommend such measures 
as he shall deem expedient. He shall transact all neces- 
sary business with the officers of the government, civil and 
military. He shall expedite all such measures as may • be 
resolved upon by the legislative assembly and shall take 
care that the laws be faithfully executed. 

Sec. 76. The governor shall have power to remit fines 
and forfeitures, to grant reprieve, commutations and par- 
dons after conviction, for all offenses except treason and 
cases of impeachment; but tjie legislative assembly may by 
law regulate the manner in which the remission of fines, 
pardons, commutations and reprieves may be applied for. 
Upon conviction for treason he shall have power to suspend 
the execution of sentence until the case shall be reported 
to the legislative assembly at its next regular session, when 
the legislative assembly shall either pardon or commute the 
sentence, direct the execution of the sentence or grant fur- 
ther reprieve. He shall communicate to the legislative 
assembly at each regular session each case of remission of 
fine, reprieve, commutation or pardon granted by him, stat- 
ing the name of the convict, the crime for which he is con- 
victed, the sentence and its date, and the date of the re- 
mission, commutation, pardon or reprieve, with his reasons 
for g^ranting the same. 

Note. — This section amended by Article 3, Amendments to 
the Constitution. 

Sec. 77. The lieutenant governor shall be president of 
the senate, but shall have no vote unless they be equally 
divided. If, during a vacancy in the office of governor, the 
lieutenant governor shall be impeached, displaced, resign 
or die, or from mental or physical disease, or otherwise be- 
come incapable of performing the duties of his office, the 



88 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



secretary of state shall act as governor until the vacancy 
shall be filled or the disability removed. 

Sec. 78. When any office shall from any cause become 
vacant, and no mode is provided by the constitution or law 
for filling such vacancy, the governor shall have power to 
fill such vacancy by appointment. 

Sec. 79. Every bill which shall have passed the legisla- 
tive assembly shall, before it becomes a law, be presented 
to the governor. If he approves, he shall sign, but if not, 
he shall return it with his objections, to the house in which 
it originated, which shall entejr the objections at large upon 
the journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such 
reconsideration, two-thirds of the members-elect shall 
agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the 
objections, to the other house, by which it shall likewise 
be reconsidered, and if it be approved by two-thirds of 
the members-elect, it shall become a law; but in all such 
cases the vote of both houses shall be determined by the 
yeas and nays, and the names of the members voting for 
and against the bill shall be entered upon the journal of 
each house respectively. If any bill shall not be returned 
by the governor within three days (Sundays excepted) after 
it shall have been presented to him, the same ^hall be 
a law unless the legislative assembly, by its adjournment, 
prevent its return, in which case it shall be a law unless he 
shall file the same with his objections in the office of the 
secretary of state within fifteen davs after such adjourn- 
ment. 

Sec. 80. The governor shall have power to disapprove 
of any item or items or part or parts of any bill making 
appropriations of money or property embracing distinct 
items, and the part or parts of the bill approved shall be 
the law, and the item or items and^ part or parts disap- 
proved shall be void, unless enacted in the following man- 
ner: If the legislative assembly be in session he shall 
transmit to the house in which the bill originated a copy 
of the item or items, or part or parts thereof disapproved, 
together with his objections thereto, and the items or parts 
objected to shall be separately reconsidered, and each item 
or part shall then take the same course as is prescribed for 
the passage of bills over the executive veto. 

Sec. 81. Any governor of this state who asks, receives 
or agrees to receive, any bribe upon any understanding 
that his official opinion, judgment or action shall be 
influenced thereby, or who gives or offers, or promises his 
official influence in consideration that any member of the 
legislative assembly shall give his official vote or influence 
on any particular side of any question or matter upon 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 89 



Avhich he may be required to act in his official capacity, or. 
Avho menaces any member by the threatened use of his 
veto power, or who offers or promises any member that 
he, the said governor, will appoint any particular person 
or persons to any office created or thereafter to be created, 
in consideration that any member shall give his official 
vote or influence on any matter pending or thereafter to be 
introduced into either house of said legislative assembly, 
or who threatens any member that he, the said governor, 
will remove any person or persons from office or position, 
with intent in any manner to influence the action of said 
member, shall be punished in the manner now, or that 
may hereafter be provided by law, and upon conviction 
thereof shall forfeit all right to hold or exercise any office 
of trust or honor in this state. 

Sec 82. There shall be chosen by the qualified electors 
of the state, at the times and places of choosing members 
of the legislative assembly, a secretary of state, auditor, 
treasurer, superintendent of public instruction, commission- 
er of insurance, three commissioners of railroads, an 
attorney general and one commissioner of agriculture and 
labor, who shall have attained the age of twenty-five years, 
shall be citizens of the United States, and shall have the 
qualifications of state electors. They shall severally hold 
their offices at the seat of government, for the term of two 
years and until their successors are elected and duly quali- 
fied, but no person shall be eligible to the office of treasurer 
for more than two consecutive terms. 

Sec. 83. The powers and duties of the secretary of state, 
auditor, treasurer, superintendent of public instruction, 
commissioner of insurance, commissioners of railroads, at- 
torney general and commissioner of agriculture and labor 
shall be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 84. Until otherwise provided by law, the governor 
shall receive an annual salary of three thousand dollars; 
the lieutenant governor shall receive an annual salary of 
one thousand dollars; the secretary of state, auditor, treas- 
urer, superintendent of public instruction, commissioner 
of insurance, commissioners of railroads, and attorney gen- 
eral shall each receive an annual salary of two thousand 
dollars; the salary of the commissioner of agriculture and 
labor shall be as prescribed by law, but the salaries of any 
of the said officers shall not be increased or diminished 
during the period for .which they shall have been elected, 
and all fees and profits arising from any of the sai'd offices 
shall be covered into the state treasury. , 



90 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



ARTICLE IV.— Judicial Department 

Sec 85. The judicial power of the state of North Dakota 
shall be vested in a supreme court, district courts, county 
courts, justices of the peace; and in such other courts as 
may be created by law for cities, incorporated towns and 
villages. 

Sec 86. The suoreme court, except as otherwise pro- 
vided in this constitution, shall have appellate j urisdiction 
only, which shall be co-extensive with the state and shall 
have a general superintending control over all inferior 
courts under such regulations and limitations as may be 
prescribed by law. 

Sec. 87. It shall have power to issue writs of habeas 
corpus, mandamus, quo warranto, certiorari, injunction and 
such other original and remedial writs as may be necessary 
to the proper exercise of its jurisdiction, and shall have 
authority to hear and determine the same; provided, how- 
ever, that no jury trial shall be allowed in said supreme 
court, but in proper cases questions of fact may be sent by 
said court to a district court for trial. 

Sec. 88. Until otherwise provided by law three terms of 
the supreme court shall be held each year, one at the seat 
of jarovernment, one at Fargo in the county of Cass, and one 
at Grand Forks, in the county of Grand Forks. 

Note. — Under the provisions of an act of the legislature, 1903, 
two general terms of the supreme court shall be held each 
year, to be known as the March and September terms, and 
to consist of two sessions each. 

Sec. 89. The supreme court shall consist of three judges, 
a majority of whom shall be necessary to form a quorum 
or pronounce a decision, but one or more of said iudges 
may adjourn the court from day to day or to a day certain. 

Sec. 90. The judges of the supreme court shall be elected 
by the qualified voters of the state at large, and except 
as may be otherwise provided herein for the first election 
for judges under this constitution, said judges shall be 
elected at general elections. 

Sec. 91. The term of office of the judges of the supreme 
court except as in this article otherwise provided, shall be 
six years, and they shall hold their offices until their suc- 
cessors are duly qualified. 

Sec. 92. The judges of the supreme court shall, imme- 
diately after the first election under this constitution, be 
classified by lot so that one shall hold his office for the 
term of three years, one for the term of five years, and 
one for the term of seven years from the first Monday in 
December, A. D. 1889. The lots shall be drawn by the 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 91 



judges, who shall for that purpose assemble at the seat 
of government, and they shall cause the result thereof 
to be certified to the secretary of the territory and filed 
in his office, unless the secretary of state of North Dakota 
shall have entered upon the duties of his office, in which 
event said certification shall be filed therein. The judge 
having the shortest term to serve, not holding his office 
by election or appointment to fill a vacancy, shall be chief 
justice and shall preside at all terms of the supreme court, 
and in case of his absence the j udge having in like ' 
manner the next shortest term to serve shall preside in his 
stead. 

Sec 93. There shall be a clerk and also a reporter of 
the supreme court, who shall be appointed by the judges 
thereof, and who shall hold their offices during the pleasure 
of said judges, and whose duties and emoluments shall be 
prescribed by law and by rules of the supreme court not 
inconsistent with law. The legislative assembly shall 
make provision for the publication and distribution of the 
decisions of the supreme court and for the sale of the pub- 
lished volumes thereof. 

Sec. 94. No person shall be eligible to the office of judge 
of the supreme court unless he be learned in law, be at 
least thirty years of age and a citizen of the United States, 
nor unless he shall have resided in this state or the terri- 
tory of Dakota three years next preceding his election. 

Sec 95. Whenever the population of the state of North 
Dakota shall equal 600,000. the legislative assembly shall 
have the power to increase the number of judges of the 
supreme court to five, in which event a majority of said 
court, as thus increased, shall constitute a quorum. 

Sec 96. No duties shall be imposed by law upon the su- 
preme court or any of the judges thereof, except such as 
are judicial, nor shall any of the judges thereof exercise 
any power of appointment except as herein provided. 

Sec 97. The style of all process shall be "The State of 
North Dakota." All prosecutions shall be carried on in 
the name and by the authority of the state of North Da- 
kota, and conclude "against the peace and dignity of the 
State of North Dakota." 

Sec 98. Any vacancy happening bv death, resignation 
or otherwise in the office of judge of the supreme court 
shall be filled by appointment, by the governor, which ap- 
pointment shall continue until the first general election there- 
after, when said vacancy shall be filled by election. 

Sec 99. The judges of the supreme and district courts 
shall receive such compensation for their services as may 
be prescribed by law, which compensation shall not be in- 



92 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



creased or diminished during the term for which a judge 
shall have been elected. 

Sec. 100. In case a judge of the supreme court shall be 
in any way interested in a cause brous^ht before said court 
the remaining judges of said court shall call one of the dis- 
trict judges to sit with them in the hearing of said cause. 

Sec. 101. When a judgment or decree is reversed or con- 
firmed by the supreme court every point fairly arising 
upon the record of the case shall be considered and decided, 
and the reasons therefor shall be concisely stated in writ- 
ing* signed by the judges concurring, filed in the office of 
the clerk of the supreme court, and preserved with a record 
of the case. /\ny judge dissenting therefrom may give the 
reason for his dissent in writing over his signature. 

Sec. 102. It shall be the duty of the court to orepare a 
syllabus of the points adjudicated in each case, which shall 
be concurred in by a majority of the judges thereof, and it 
shall be prefixed to the published reports of the case. 

Sec. 103. The district courts shall have original jurisdic- 
tion, except as otherwise provided in this constitution, of 
all causes both at law and equity, and such appellate juris- 
diction as may be conferred by law. They and the judges 
thereof shall also have jurisdiction and power to issue writs 
of habeas corpus, quo warranto, certiorari, injunction and 
other original and remedial writs, with authority to hear 
and determine the same. 

Sec 104. The state shall be ciivided into six judicial dis- 
tricts, in each of which there shall be elected at general 
elections by the electors thereof one judge of the district 
court therein whose term of office shall be four years from 
the first Monday in January succeeding his election and 
until his successor is duly qualified. This section shall 
not be construed as governing the first election of district 
judges under this constitution. 

Sec. 105. Until otherwise provided by law, said districts 
shall be constituted as follows : 

District No. One shall consist of the counties of Pembina, 
Cavalier, Walsh, Nelson and Grand Forks. 

District No. Two shall consist of the counties of Ramsey, 
Towner, Benson, Pierce, Rolette, Bottineau, McHenry, 
Church, Renville. Ward, Stevens, Mountraille, Garfield, 
Flannery and Buford. 

District No. Three shall consist of the counties of Cass, 
Steele and Traill. 

District No. Four snail consist of the counties of Rich- 
land, Ransom, Sargent, Dickey and Mrlntosh. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 93 



District No. Five shall consist of the counties of Logan, 
La Moure, Stutsman, Barnes, Wells, Foster, Eddy and 
Griggs. 

District No. Six shall consist of the counties of Burleigh, 
Emmons, Kidder, Sheridan, McLean, Morton, Oliv^, Mer- 
cer, Williams, Stark, Hettinger, Bowman, Billings, Mc- 
Kenzie, Dunn, Wallace and AUred, and that portion of the 
Sioux Indian reservation lying north of the seventh stand- 
ard parallel. 

Note. — In 1895 the first judicial district was made to consist 
of Grand Forks and Nelson counties and the seventh (new) 
judicial district to consist of Walsh, Pembina and Cava- 
lier counties. In 1903 the legislature created the eighth 
district, which comprised the counties of Bottineau, Mc- 
Henry, Ward and Williams (taken from the old first dis- 
trict). In 1907 the legislature created the ninth and tenth 
judicial districts. The ninth district comprises the counties 
of Bottineau, McHenry and Pierce. The tenth district 
comprises the counties of Morton, Stark, Oliver, Mercer, Bil- 
lings, McKenzie, Dunn, Hettinger, Bowman, and the un- 
organized territory attached thereto. The second district 
consists of tne counties of Benson, Ramsey, Rolette and 
Towner; the eighth district of the counties of Ward and 
Williams, and the sixth district of the counties of Bur- 
leigh, Kidder, Emmons and McLean. 

Sec. 106. The legislative assembly may, whenever two- 
thirds of the members of each house shall concur therein, 
but not oftener than once in four years, increase the num- 
ber of said judicial districts and the judges thereof; such 
districts shall be formed from compact . territory and 
bounded by county hues, but such increase or change in the 
boundaries of the districts shall not work the removal of 
any judge from his office during the term for which he 
may have been elected or appointed. 

Sec. 107. No person shall be eligible to the office of dis- 
trict judge, unless he be learned in the law, be at least 
twenty-five years of age, and a citizen of the United States, 
nor unless he shall have resided within the state or terri- 
tory of Dakota at least two years next preceding his elec- 
tion, nor unless he shall at the time of his election be an 
elector within the judicial district for which he is elected. 

Sec. 108. There shall be a clerk of the district court in 
each organized county in which a court is holden who shall 
be elected by the qualified electors of the county, and shall 
hold his office for the same term as other county officers. 
He shall receive such compensation for his services as may 
be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 109. Writs of error and appeals may be allowed 
from the decisions of the district courts to the supreme 
court under such regulations as may be prescribed by law. 

COUNTY COURTS. 

Sec. 110. There shall be established in each county a 
county court which shall be a court of record, open at all 



94 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

' ■ ■ ■■ — ..— — — ^ ■ III. > 

times and holden by one judge, elected by the electors of 
the county, and whose term of office shall be two years. 

Sec. 111. The county court shall have exclusive original 
jurisdiction in probate and testamentary matters, the ap- 
pointment of administrators and guardians, the settlement 
of the accounts of executors, administrators and guardians, 
the sale of lands, by executors, administrators and guard- 
ians, and such other probate jurisdiction as may be con- 
ferred by law; provided, that whenever the voters of any 
county having a population of 2,000 or over shall decide by 
a majority vote that they desire the jurisdiction of 
said court increased above that limited by this constitution, 
then said county court shall have concurrent jurisdiction 
with the district courts in all civil actions where the 
amount in controversy does not exceed $1,000, and in all 
criminal actions below the grade of felony, and in case it 
is decided by the voters of any county to so increase the 
jurisdiction of said county court, the jurisdiction in cases 
of misdemeanors arising under state laws which may have 
been conferred upon police magistrates shall cease. The 
qualifications of the judee of the county court in counties 
where the jurisdiction of said court shall have been in- 
creased shall be the same as those of the district judge, 
except that he shall be a resident of the county at the 
time of his election, and said county judge shall receive 
such salary for his services as may be provided bv law. 
In case the voters of anv county decide to increase the 
jurisdiction of said county courts, then such jurisdiction 
as thus increased shall remain until otherwise provided 
by law. 

JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

Sec. 112. The legislative assembly shall provide by law 
for the election of justices of the peace in each organized 
county within the state. But the number of said justices 
to "be elected in each organized county shall be limited by 
law to such a number as shall be necessary for the proper 
administration of justice. The justices of the peace here- 
in provided for shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the 
district court in all civil actions when the amount in con- 
troversy, exclusive of costs, does not exceed $200, and in 
counties where no county court with criminal jurisdiction 
exists they shall have such jurisdiction to hear and deter-t 
mine cases of misdemeanor as may be provided by law, but 
in no case shall said justices of the peace have jurisdiction 
when the boundaries of or title to real estate shall come in 
question. The legislative assembly shall have power to 
abolish the office of justice of the peace and confer that 
jurisdiction upon judges of county courts or elsewhere. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 96 



POLICE MAGISTRATES. 

Sec. 113. The legislative assembly shall provide by law 
for the election of police magistrates in cities, incorporated 
towns and villages, who in addition to their jurisdiction of 
all cases arising under the ordinances of said cities, towns 
and villages, shall be ex officio justices of the peace of the 
county in which said cities, towns and villages may be 
located. And the legislative assembly may confer upon 
said police magistrates the jurisdiction to hear, try and 
determine all cases of misdemeanors, and the prosecutions 
therein shall be by information. 

Sec. 114. Appeals shall lie from the county court, final 
decisions of justices of the peace and police magistrates in 
such cases and pursuant to such regulations as may be pre- 
scribed by law. 

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS. 

Sec. 115. The time of holding courts in the several 
counties of a district shall be as prescribed by law, but at 
least two terms of the district court shall be held annually 
in each organized county, and the legislative assembly 
shall make provision for attaching unorganized counties or 
territories to organized counties for judicial purposes. 

Sec 116. Judges of the district courts may hold court in 
other districts than their own under such regulations as 
shall be prescribed by law. 

Sec 117. No judge of the supreme or district court shall 
act as attorney or counselor at law. 

Sec 118. Until the legislative assembly shall provide 
by law for fixing the terms of court, the judges of the su- 
preme and district courts shall fix the terms thereof. 

Sec 119.. No judge of the supreme or district courts 
shall be elected or appointed to any other than judicial 
offices or be eligible thereto during the term for which he 
was elected or appointed such judge. All votes or appoint- 
ments for either of them for any elective or appointive 
office except that of judge of the supreme court, or district 
court, given by the legislative assembly or the people, shall 
be void. 

Sec 120. Tribunals of conciliation may be established 
with such powers and duties as shall be prescribed by law 
or the powers and duties of such may be conferred upon 
other courts of justice; but such tribunals or other courts 
when sitting as such, shall have no power to render judg- 
ment to be obligatory on the parties, unless they volun- 
tarily submit their matters of difference and agree to abide 
the judgment of such tribunals or courts. 



96 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



ARTICLE V. — Elective Franchise. 

Sec. 121. Every male person of the age of twenty-one 
years and upwards belonging to either of the following 
classes, who shall have resided in the state one year, in 
the county six months and in the precinct ninety days next 
preceding any election, shall be deemed a qualified elector 
at such election: 

First. Citizens of the United States. 

Second. Persons of foreign birth who shall have de- 
clared their intention to become citizens one year and not 
more than six years prior to such election, conformably to 
the naturalization laws of the United States. 

Third. Civilized persons of Indian descent who shall 
have severed their tribal relations two years next preceding 
such election. 

Note. — This section amended by Article 2, amendments to the 
constitution. 

Sec. 122. The legislative assembly shall be empowered 
to make further extensions of suffrage hereafter, at its dis- 
cretion, to all citizens of mature age and sound mind, not 
convicted of crime, without regard to sex; but no law ex- 
tending or restricting the right of suffrage shall be in force 
until adopted by a majority of the electors of the state vot- 
ing at a general election. 

Sec. 123. Electors shall in all cases except treason, fel- 
ony, breach of the peace or illegal voting, be privileged 
from arrest on the days of election during their attendance 
at, going to and returning from such election, and no 
elector shall be obliged to perform military duty on the day 
of election, except in time of war or public danger. 

Sec. 124. The general elections of the state shall be 
biennial, and shall be held on the first Tuesday after the 
first Monday in November; provided, that the first general 
election under this constitution shall be held on the first 
Tuesday after the first Monday in November, A. D. 1890. 

Sec. 125. No elector shall be deemed to have lost his 
residence in this state by reason of his absence on business 
of the United States or of this state or in the military or 
naval service of the United States. 

Sec. 126. No soldier, seaman or marine in the army or 
navy of the United States shall be deemed a resident of 
this state in consequence of his being stationed therein. 

Sec. 127. No person who is under guardianship, non 
compos mentis, or insane, shall be qualified to vote at any 
election, nor shall any person convicted of treason or fel- 
ony, unless restored to civil rights. 

Note. — This section amended by Article 2, amendments to the 
constitution. 



STATU :? X- xTK rAK?TA ^7 

Sec 12S- Any w^rtran having: the qri!rSci:icn> csunEier- 
ated in sectim I'll zi this artrcle. as :." a^e. rxr<:d^noe and 
citizenship- aad indrdirg tb^se now qualiSevi by the laws 
of the territcrT. nny rrte fcr ali 5ch>?I o&^rs. and u>?a 
all qnesriocs pertaining sclely :o schcci raitters. and be eltsfi- 
ble to any schcol crSce. 

Sec 129. AE dcctioas by the people shall be by secret 
ballot, subject to snch regnladcas as shall be provided by 
law. 

ARTICLE VL — Mnnicipal Corporations, 

Sec 130. The legislative assembly shall provide by j^en- 
eral law for the organization of municipal corporations, 
restricting their powers as to levying taxes and assess* 
raents, borrowing money and contracting debts; and nu^ney 
raised by taxation, loan or assessment for any purpose shall 
not be diverted to any other purpose except by authority of 
law, 

ARTICLE VII. — Corporations Other Than Municipal 

Sec 131. No charter of incorporation shall be granted* 
changed or amended by special law, except in the case of 
such municipal, charitable, educational, penal or reforma- 
tory corporations as may be under the control of the state; 
but the legislative assembly shall provide by general laws 
for the organization of all corporations hereafter to be 
created, and any such law, so passed, shall be subject to 
future repeal or alteration. 

Sec. 132. All existing charters or grants of special or 
exclusive privileges, under which a bona fide organization 
shall not have taken place and business been commenced 
in good faith at the time this constitution takes effect, 
shall thereafter have no validity. 

Sec 133. The legislative assembly shall not remit the 
forfeiture of the charter to any corporation now existing, 
nor alter or amend the same, nor pass any other general 
or special law for the benefit of such corporation, except 
upon the condition that such corporation shall thereafter 
hold its charter subject to the provisions of this constitu- 
tion. 

Sec 134. The exercise of the right of eminent domain 
shall never be abridged, or so construed as to prevent the 
legislative assembly from taking the property and fran- 
chises of incorporated companies and subjecting them to 
public use, the same as the property of individuals ; and 
the exercise of the police power of this state shall never 
be abridged, or so construed as to permit corporations to 



Blue Book— 7. 



112 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

to provide for the division of Dakota into two states and to 
enable the people of North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana 
and Washington to form constitutions and state govern- 
ments and to be admitted into the union on an equal foot- 
ing with the original states and to make donations of public 
lands to such states," the states of North Dakota and South 
Dakota, by proceedings of a joint commission, duly ap- 
pointed under said act, the sessions whereof were held at 
Bismarck, in said state of North Dakota, from July 16, 1889, 
to July 31, 1899, inclusive, have agreed to the following ad- 
justment of the amounts of the debts and liabilities of the 
territory of Dakota which shall be assumed and paid by 
each of the states of North Dakota and South Dakota, re- 
spectively, towit: 

This agreement shall take effect and be in force from and 
after the admission into the union as one of the United 
States of America, of either the state of North Dakota or 
tne state of South Dakota. 

The words "State of North Dakota," wherever used in 
this agreement, shall be taken to mean the territory of 
•North Dakota in case the state of South Dakota shall be ad- 
ipitted into the union prior to the admission into the union 
of the state of North Dakota ; and the ^words "State of 
South Dakota," wherever used in this agreement, shall be 
taken to mean the territpry of South Dakota in case the 
state of North Dakota shall be admitted into the union 
prior to the admission into the union of the state of South 
Dakota. 

The said state of North Dakota shall assume and pay all 
bonds issued by the territory of Dakota to provide funds 
for the purchase, construction, repairs or maintenance of 
such public institutions, o^rounds or buildinps as are located 
within the boundaries of North Dakota, and shall pay all 
warrants issued under and by virtue of that certain act of 
the legislative assembly of the territory of Dakota, ap- 
proved March 8, 1889, entitled "An act to provide for the 
refunding of outstanding warrants drawn on the capitol 
building fund." 

The state of South Dakota shall assume and pay all 
bonds issued for the territory of Dakota to provide funds 
for the purchase, construction, repairs or maintenance of 
such public institutions, grounds or buildings as are located 

within the boundaries of South Dakota. 

• 

That is to sav: The state of North Dakota shall assume 
and pay the following bonds and indebtedness, towit: 

Bonds issued on account of the hospital for the insane at 
Jamestown, North Dakota, the face aggregate of which is 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 99 

this section shall not be so construed as to apply to foreign 
corporations. 

Sec. 141. No railroad corporation shall consolidate its 
stock, property or franchises with any other railroad cor- 
poration owning a parallel or competing line; and in no 
case shall any consolidation take place except upon pub- 
lic notice g^ven at least sixty days to all stockholders, in 
such manner as may be provided by law. Any attempt to 
evade the provisions of this section by any railroad corpo- 
ration by lease or otherwise, shall work a forfeiture of its 
charter. 

Sec. 142. Railways heretofore constructed, or that may 
hereafter be constructed in this state, are hereby declared 
public highways, and all railroads, sleeping car, telegraph, 
telephone and transportation companies of passengers, intel- 
ligence and freight are declared to be common carriers and 
subject to legislative control; and the legislative assem- 
bly shall have power to enact laws regulating and con- 
trolling rates of charges for the transportation of pas- 
sengers, intelligence and freight, as such common carriers, 
from one point to another in this state; provided, that 
appeal may be had to the courts of this state from the rates 
so fixed; but the rates fixed by the legislative assembly 
or board of railroad commissioners shall remain in force 
pending the decision of the courts. 

Sec. 143. Any association or corporation organized for 
the purpose shall have the right to construct and operate 
a railroad between any points within this state, and to 
connect at the state line with the railroads of other states. 
Every railroad company shall have the right with its road 
to intersect, connect with or cross any other, and shall 
receive and transport each other's passengers, tonnage and 
cars, loaded or empty, without delay or discrimination. 

Sec. 144. The term "corporation" as used in this article 
shall not be understood as embracing municipalities or 
political subdivisions of the state unless otherwise expressly 
stated, but it shall be held and construed to include all 
associations and joint stock companies having any of the 
powers or privileges of corporations not possessed by in- 
dividuals or partnerships. 

Sec. 145. If a general banking law be enacted, it shall 
provide for the registry and countersigning by an officer 
of the state, of all notes or bills designed for circulation, 
and that ample security to the full amount thereof shall be 
deposited with the state treasurer for the redemption of 
such notes or bills. 

Sec. 146. Any combination between individuals, corpo- 
rations, associations, or either, having for its object or 






STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 101 



ARTICLE IX.--School and Public Lands/ 

Sec. 153. All proceeds of the public lands that have 
heretofore been or may hereafter be granted by the 
United States for the support of the common schools in 
this state; all such per centum as may be granted by the 
United States on the sale of Dublic lands; the proceeds of 
property that shall fall to the state by escheat; th^ pro- 
ceeds of all gifts and donations to the state for common 
schools, or not otherwise appropriated bv the terms of the 
gift, and all other property otherwise acquired for common 
schools, shall be and remain a perpetual fund for the main- 
tenance of the common schools of the state. It shall be 
deemed a trust fund, the principal of which shall forever 
remain inviolate and may be increased but never dimin- 
ished. The state shall make good all losses thereof. 

Sec. 154. The interest and income of this fund together 
with the net proceeds of all fines for violation of state 
laws, and all other sums which may be added thereto by 
law shall be faithfully used and applied each year for the 
benefit of the common schools of the state, and shall be fA* 
this purpose apportioned among and between all the sev- 
eral common school corporations of the state in proportion 
to the number of children in each of school age, as may be 
fixed by law, and no part of the fund shall ever be diverted 
even temporarily, from this purpose, or used for any other 
purpose whatever than the maintenance of common schools 
for the equal benefit of all the people of the state; provided, 
however, that if any portion of the interest or income 
aforesaid shall not be expended during any year, said portion 
shall be added to and become a part of the school fund. 

Sec. 155. After one year from the assembling of the 
first legislative assembly the lands granted to the state 
from the United States for the support of the common 
schools may be sold upon the following conditions and no 
other: No more than one-fourth of all such lands shall 
be sold within the first five years after the same become 
saleable, by virtue of this section. No more than one-half 
of the remainder within ten years after the same become 
saleable as aforesaid. The residue may be sold at any 
time after the expiration of said ten years. The legisla- 
tive assembly shall provide for the sale of all school lands 
subject to the provisions of this article. The coal lands of 
the state shall never be sold, but the legislative assembly 
may by general laws provide for leasing the same. The 
words "coal lands" shall include lands bearing lignite coal. 

Sec. 156. The superintendent of public instruction, gov- 
ernor, attorney general, secretary of state and state auditor 
shall tonstitute a board of commissioners, which shall be 



102 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



denominated the "Board of University and bchool Lands" 
and, subject to the provisions of this article, and any 
law that may be passed by the legislative assembly, said 
board shall have control of the appraisement, sale, rental 
and disposal of all school and university lands, and shall 
direct the investment of the funds arising therefrom in the 
hands of the state treasurer, under the limitations in sec- 
tion 160 of this article. 

Sec. 157. The county superintendent of' common schools, 
the chairman of the county board and the county auditor 
shall constitute boards of appraisal, and under the author- 
ity of the state board of university and school lands shall 
appraise all school lands within their respective counties 
which they may from time to time recommend for sale at 
their actual value under the prescribed terms, and shall 
first select and designate for sale the most valuable lands. 

Sec. 158. No land shall be sold for less than the ap- 
praised value and in no case for less than $10 per acre. 
The purchaser shall pay one-fifth of the price in cash and 
the remaining four-fifths as follows: One-fifth in five 
years, one-fifth in ten years, one-fifth in fifteen years and 
one-fifth in twenty years, with interest at the rate of not 
less than six per centum, payable annually in advance. 
All sales shall be held at the county seat of the county in 
which the land to be sold is situate, and shall be at pub- 
lic auction and to the highest bidder, after sixtv days' ad- 
vertisement of the same in a newspaper of general circula- 
tion in the vicinity of the lands to be sold, and one at the 
seat of government. Such lands as shall not have been 
specially subdivided shall be offered in tracts of one-quar- 
ter section, and those so subdivided in the smallest . subdi- 
visions. All lands designated for sale and not sold within 
two years after appraisal shatl be reappraised before they 
are sold. No grant or patent for any such lands shall 
issue until payment is made for the same; provided, that 
the lands contracted to be sold by the state shall be sub- 
ject to taxation from the date of such contract. In case 
the taxes assessed against any of said lands for any year 
remain unpaid until the first Monday in October of the fol- 
lowing year, then and thereupon the contract of sale for 
such lands shall become null and void. 

Sec. 159. All lands, money or other property donated, 
granted or received from the United States or any other 
source for a university, school of mines, reform school, 
agricultural college, deaf and dumb asylum, normal school 
or other educational or charitable institution or purpose, 
and the proceeds of all such lands and other property so 
received from any source, shall be and remain perpetual 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 103 

funds, the interest and income of which, together with the 
rents of all such lands as may remain unsold, shall be in- 
violably appropriated and applied to the specific objects of 
the original grants or gifts. The principal of every such 
fund may be increased but shall never be diminished, and 
the interest and income only shall be used. Every such 
fund shall be deemed a trust fund held by the state, and 
the state shall make good all losses thereof. 

Sec. 160. All lands mentioned in the preceding section 
shall be appraised and sold in the same manner and under 
the same limitations and subject to all the conditions as to 
price 2.nd sale as provided above for the appraisal and sale 
of lands for the benefit of common schools; but a distinct 
and separate account shall be kept by the proper officers of 
each of said funds; provided, that the limitations as to 
the time in which school land may be sold shall apply only 
to lands granted for the support of the common schools. 

Sec. 161. The legislative assembly shall have authority 
to provide by law for the leasing of lands granted to the 
state for educational and charitable purposes ; but no such 
law shall authorize the leasing of said lands for a longer 
period than five years. Said lands shall only be leased for 
pasturage and meadow purposes and at a public auction 
after notice as heretofore provided in case of sale; pro- 
vided, that all of said school lands now under cultivation 
may be leased, at the direction and under the control of 
the board of university and school lands, for other than 
pasturage and meadow purposes until sold. All rents shall 
be paid in advance. 

Sec. 162. The moneys of the permanent school fund and 
other educational funds shall be invested only in bonds of 
school corporations within the state, bonds of the United 
States, bonds of the state of North Dakota, or in first mort- 
gages on farm lands in the state, not exceeding in amount 
one-third of the actual value of any subdivision on which 
the same may be loaned, such value to be determined by 
the board of appraisers of school lands. 

Note. — This section amended by Article 7, amendments to the 
constitution. 

Sec. 163. No law shall ever be passed by the legislative 
assembly granting to any person, corporation or association 
any privileges by reason of the occupation, cultivation or 
improvement of any public lands by said person, corpora- 
tion or association subsequent to the survey thereof by the 
general government. No claim for the occupation, culti- 
vation or improvement of any public lands shall ev^r be 
recognized, nor shall such occupation, cultivation or im- 
provement of any public lands ever be used to diminish 
either directly or indirectly, the purchase price of said 
lands. 



104 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Sec. 164. — The legislative assembly shall have authority 
to provide by law for the sale or disposal of all public lands 
that have been heretofore, or may hereafter be granted by 
the United States to the state for purposes other than set 
forth and named in sections 153 and 159 of this article. 
And the legislative assembly, in providing for the appraise- 
ment, sale, rental and disposal of tne same, shall not be 
subject to the provisions and limitations of this article. 

- Sec. 165. The legislative assembly shall nass suitable 
laws for the safekeeping, transfer and disbursement of tne 
state school funds; and shall require all officers charged 
with the same or the safe keeping thereof to give ample 
bonds for all moneys and funds received by them, and if 
any of said officers shall convert to his own use in any man- 
ner or form, or shall loan with or without interest or shall 
deposit in his own name, or otherwise than in tne name of 
the state of North Dakota, or shall deposit in any banks or 
with any person or persons, or exchange for other funds or 
property any portion ot the school funds aforesaid or pur- 
posely allow at"- 'lortion of the same to remain in his own 
hands uninvested, except in the manner prescribed by law, 
every such act shall constitute an embezzlement of so much 
of the aforesaid school funds as shall be thus taken or 
loaned, or deposited, or exchanged, or withheld, and shall 
be a felony; and any failure to pay over, produce or account 
for the state school funds or any part of the same entrusted 
to any such officer, as bv law required or demanded, shall 
be held and be taken to be prima facie evidence of such 
embezzlement. 

ARTICLE X. — County and Township Organization. 

Sec. 166. The several counties in the territory of Da- 
kota lying north of the seventh standard parallel as they 
now exist, are hereby declared to be counties of the state 
of North Dakota. 

Sec. 167. The legislative assembly shall provide bv gen- 
eral law for organizing new counties, locating the county 
seats thereof temporarily, and changing county lines, but 
no new county shall be organized, nor shall any organized 
county be so reduced as to include an area of less than 
twenty- four congressional townships, and containing* a popu- 
lation of less than one thousand bona fide inhabitants. 
And in the organization of new counties and in changing 
the lines of organized counties and boundaries of congres- 
sional townships, the natural boundaries shall be observed 
as nearly as may be. 

Sec. 168. All changes in the boundaries of organized 
counties before taking effect shall be submitted to the elect- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 105 



or§ of the county or counties to be affected thereby at a 
general efection and be adopted by a majoritv of all the 
legal votes cast in each county at such election: and in cas^ 
any portion of an organized county is stricken off and 
added to another the countv to which such portion is added 
shall assume and be holden for an equitable nroportion of 
the county so reduced. 

Sec. 169. The legislative assembly shall provide by gen- 
eral law, for changing county seats in organized counties, 
but it shall have no ^ower to remove the county seat of any 
organized county. 

Sec. 170. The legislative assemblv shall provide by gen- 
eral law for townshin organization, under which any 
county may oro^anize, whenever a majority of all the legal 
voters of such county, votin'*- at a general election, shall so 
determine, and whenever any county shall adopt township 
organization, so much of this constitution as provides for 
the management of the fiscal concerns of said county by the 
board of county commissioners, may be dispensed with by a 
majority vote of the people voting at any general election; 
and the affairs of said county may be transacted by the 
chairmen of the several township boards of said county, 
and such others as may be provided by law for incorporated 
cities, towns or villages within such county. 

Sec. 171. Any county that shall have adopted a sys- 
tem of government by the chairmen of the several township 
boards, the question of continuing the same mav be sub- 
mitted to the electors of such county at a general election 
in such manner as may be provided by law, and if a ma- 
jority of all the votes cast upon such question shall be 
against the said system of government, then such system shall 
cease in said county, and the affairs of said county shall 
then be transacted by a board of county commissioners as 
is now provided by the, laws of the territory of Dakota. 

Sec. 172. Until the system of county government by the 
chairmen of the several township boards is adopted by any 
county, the fiscal affairs of said county shall be transacted 
by a board of countv commissioners. Said board shall con- 
sist of not less than three and not more than five members, 
whose terms of office shall be prescribed by law. Said board 
shall hold sessions for the transaction of county business 
as shall be provided by law. 

Sec. 173. At the first general election held after the 
adoption of this constitution, and every two years there- 
after, there shall be elected in each organized county in the 
state, a county judge, clerk of court, register of deeds, 
county auditor, treasurer, sheriff and state's attorney, who 
shall be electors of the county in which they are elected, 



106 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

• — ■ — -' -■''-■■-'■ ..^-11 I ...I ■- ^i-ii. — ■■ 

and who shall hold their office until their successors are 
elected and qualified. The legislative assembly shall pro- 
vide by law for such other county, township and district 
officers as may be deemed necessary, and shall prescribe the 
duties and compensation of all county, township and dis- 
trict officers. The sheriff and treasurer of any county shall 
not hold their respective offices for more than four years 
in succession. 

ARTICLE XL — Revenue and Taxation. 

Sec. 174. The legislative assembly shall provide for rais- 
ing revenue sufficient to defray the expenses ci the state 
for each year, not to exceed in any one year four (4) mills 
on the dollar of the assessed valuation of all taxable prop- 
erty in the state, to be ascertained bv the last assessment 
made for state and county purposes, and also a sufficient 
sum to pay the interest on the state debt. 

Sec. 175. No tax shall be levied except in pursuance of 
law, and everv law imposing a tax shall state distinctly the 
object of the same, to which only it shall be applied. 

Sec. 176. Laws shall be passed taxing by uniform rule 
all property according to its true value in money, but the 
property of the United States and the state, county and 
municipal corporations, both real and personal, shall be ex- 
empt from taxation, and the legislative assembly shall by 
a general law exempt from taxation property used exclu- 
sively for school, religious, cemetery or charitable purposes 
and personal property to any amount not exceeding in value 
two hundred dollars for each individual liable to taxation ; 
but the legislative assembly may, by law, provide for the 
payment of a per centum of gross earnings of railroad com- 
panies to be paid in lieu of all state, county, township and 
school taxes on property exclusively used in and about the 
prosecution of the business of such companies as common 
carriers, but no real estate of said corporations shall be 
exempted from taxation, in the same manner, and on the 
same basis as other real estate is taxed, except road-bed, 
right of way, shops and buildings used exclusively in their 
business as common carriers, and whenever and so long as 
such law providing for the payment of a per centum on 
earnings shall be in force, that part of section 179 of this 
article relating to assessment of railroad property shall cease 
to be in force. 

Sec. 177. All improvements on lands shall be assessed 
in accordance with section 179, but plowing shall not be 
considered as an improvement or add to the value of land 
for the purpose of assessment. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 107 

Sec. 178. The power of taxation shall never be surren- 
dered or suspended by any grant or contract to which the* 
state or any county or other municipal corporation shall 
be a party. 

Sec. 179. All property, except as hereinafter in this sec- 
tion provided, shall be assessed in th& county, city, town- 
ship, town, village or district in which it is situated, in the 
manner prescribed by law. The franchise, roadway, road- 
bed, rails and rolling stock of all railroads operated in this 
state shall be assessed by the state board of equalization 
at their actual value and such assessed valuation shall be 
apportioned to the counties, cities, towns, townships and 
districts in which the said roads are located, as a basis for tax- 
ation of such property in proportion to the number of miles 
of railway laid in such counties, cities, towns, townships 
and districts. 

Note. — This section amended by Article 4, amendments to the 
constitution. 

Sec. 180. The legislative assembly may provide for the 
levy, collection and disposition of an annual poll tax of not 
more than one dollar and fifty cents on every male inhab- 
itant of this state over twenty-one and under fifty years of 
age, except paupers, idiots, insane persons and Indians not 
taxed. 

Sec. 181. The legislative assembly shall pass all laws 
necessary to carry out the provisions of this article. 

ARTICLE XII.— Public Debt and Public Works. 

Sec. 182. The state may, to meet casual deficits or fail- 
ure in the revenue or in case of extraordinary emergencies 
contract debts, but such debts shall never in the aggregate 
exceed the sum of $200,000, exclusive of what may be the 
debt of North Dakota at the time of the adoption of this 
constitution. Every such debt shall be authorized by law 
for certain purposes to be definitely mentioned therein, 
and every such law shall provide for levying an annual tax 
sufficient to pay the interest semi-annually, and the princi- 
pal within thirtv years from the passage of such law, and 
shall specially appropriate the proceeds of such tax to the 
payment of said principal and interest, and such appropria- 
tion shall not be renealed nor the tax discontinued until 
such debt, both principal and interest, shall have been fully 
paid. No debt in excess ot the limit named shall be in- 
curred except for the purpose of repellingr invasion, sup- 
pressing insurrection, defending the state in time of war, 
or to provide for public defense in case of threatened hos- 
tilities ; but the issuing of new bonds to refund existing 
indebtedness, shall not be construed to be any part or por- 
tion of said $200,000. 



108 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Sec. 183. The debt of any county, township, city, town, 
school district or any other political subdivision, shall never 
exceed five (5) per centum upon the assessed value of the 
taxable propertv therein; provided, that any incorporated 
city ma-"- by a two-thirds vote, increase such indebtedness 
three ner centum on such assessed value beyond said five 
per cent limit. In estimatir the indebtedness which a 
city, county, township, school district or any other political 
subdivision may incur, the entire amount of existing in- 
debtedness, whether contracted prior or subsequent to th^ 
adoption of this constitution shall be included; provided^ 
further, that any incorporated city ma^'' become indebted 
in any amount not exceedinp- four per centum on such 
assessed value without regard to the existin<y indebtedness 
of such city, for the purpose of constructinsr or ♦Purchasing 
water works for furnishing a supply of water to the inhab- 
itants of such city, or for the purpose of constructing sew- 
ers, and for no other' purpose whatever. All bonds or ob- 
ligations in excess of the amount of indebtedness permitted 
by this constitution, given by any city, county, township, 
town, school district or any other political subdivision, shall 
be void. 

Sec. 184. Any city, county, township, town, school dis- 
trict or any other political subdivision incurring indebtedness 
shall at or before the time of so doing, provide for the 
collection of an annual tax sufficient to pay the interest and 
also the principal thereof when due, and all laws or ordi- 
nances providing for the payment of the interest or prin- 
cipal of any debt shall be irrepealable until such debt be 
paid. 

iSec. 185. Neither the state, nor anv county, city, town- 
ship, town, school district or any other political subdi- 
vision shall loan or give its credit or make donations to or 
in aid of any individual, association or corporation, except 
for necessary support of the poor, nor subscribe to or be- 
come the owner of the capital stock of any association or 
corporation, nor shall the state engage in any work of in- 
ternal improvement unless authorized by a two-thirds vote 
of the people. 

Sec. 186. No money shall be paid out of the state treas- 
ury except upon appropriation by law and on warrant 
drawn by the proper officer, and no bills, claims, accounts 
or demands against the state or any county or other politi- 
cal subdivision, shall be audited, allowed or paid until a 
full, itemized statement in writing shall be filed with the 
officer or officers whose duty it may be to audit the same. 

Sec. 187. No bond or evidence of indebtedness of the 
state shall be valid unless the same shall have endorsed 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA IO9 

thereon a certificate signed by the auditor and secretary of 
state, showing that the bond or evidence of debt is issued 
pursuant to law and is within the debt limit. No bond or 
evidence of debt of any county, or bond of any township 
or other political subdivision shall be valid unless the same 
have endorsed thereon a certificate signed by the county 
auditor, or other officer authorized bv law to sign such cer- 
tificate, stating that said bond, or evidence of debt is issued 
pursuant to law and is within the debt limit 

ARTICLE XIII.— Militia. 

Sec. 188. The militia of this state shall consist of all 
able bodied male persons residing in the state, between the 
ages of eighteen and forty-five years, exct)t such as may be 
exempted by the laws of the United States or of this 
state. Persons whose religious tenets or conscientious 
scruples forbid them to bear arms shall not be compelled 
to do so in times of peace, but shall pay an equivalent for 
a personal service. 

Sec. 189. The militia shall be enrolled, organized, uni- 
formed, armed and disciplined in such a manner as snail 
be provided by law, not incompatible with the constitution 
or laws of the United States. 

Sec. 190. The legislative assembly shall provide by law 
for the establishment of volunteer organizations of tne sev- 
eral arms of the service which shall be classed as active 
militia; and no other organized body of armed men shall 
be permitted to perform military duty in this state except 
the army of the United States, without the proclamation of 
the governor of the state. 

Sec. 191. All militia officers shall be apr>ointed or elected 
in such a manner as the le<nslative assembly shall 'provide. 

Sec. 192. The commissioned officers of the militia shall 
be commissioned by the eovernor, and no commissioned 
officer shall be removed from office except by sentence of 
court martial, pursuant to law. 

Sec. 193. The militia forces shall in all cases, except 
treason, felony or breach of the peace, be privileged from 
arrest durinpr their attendance at musters, parades and 
elections of officers, and in going to and feturning from the 
same. 

ARTICLE XIV. — Impeachment and Removal from Office. 

Sec. 194. The house of representatives shall have the 
sole power of impeachment. The concurrence of a major- 
ity of all members elected shall be necessary to an im- 
peachment. 

Sec. 195. All impeachments shall be tried by the senate. 
When sitting for that purpose the senators shall be upon 



110 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



oath or affirmation to do justice according to the law and 
evidence. No person shall be convicted without the concur- 
rence of two-thirds of the members elected. When the 
governor or lieutenant governor is on trial the presiding 
judge of the supreme court shall preside. 

Sec. 196. The governor and other state and iudicial offi- 
cers except county judges, justices of the peace and police 
magistrates, shall be liable to impeachment for habitual 
drunkenness, crimes, corrupt conduct, or malfeasance or 
misdemeanor in office, but judgment in such cases shall not 
extend further than removal from office and disqualifica- 
tion to hold any office of trust or profit under the state. 
The person accused, whether convicted or acquitted, shall 
nevertheless be liable to indictment, trial, iudgment and 
punishment according to law. 

Sec. 197. All officers not liable to impeachment,* shall be 
subject to removal for misconduct, malfeasance, crime or 
misdemeanor in office, or for habitual drunkenness or gross 
incompetency in such manner as may be provided by law. 

Sec. 198. No officer shall exercise the duties of his office 
after he shall have been impeached and before his acquit- 
tal. 

Sec. 199. On trial for impeachment against the governor, 
the lieutenant governor shall not act as a member of the 
court. 

^EC. 200. No person shall be tried on impeachment be- 
fore he shall have been, served with a copy thereof, at least 
twenty days previous to the day set for trial. 

Sec. 201. No person shall be liable to impeachment twice 
for the same offense. 

ARTICLE XV.— Future Amendments. 

Sec. 202. Any amendment or amendments to this con- 
stitution may be proposed in either house of the legislative 
assembly; and if the same shall be agreed to by a majority 
of the members elected to each of the two houses, such 
proposed amendment shall be entered on the journal of the 
house with the yeas and nays taken thereon, and referred 
to the legislative assembly to be chosen at the next general 
election, and shall be published, as provided by law, for 
three months previous to the time of making such choice, 
and if the legislative assembly so next chosen as afore- 
said such proposed amendment or amendments, shall be 
agreed to by a majority of all the members elected to each 
house, then it shall be the duty of the legislative assembly 
to submit such proposed amendment or amendments to the 
people in such manner and at such time as the legislative 
assembly shall provide; and if the people shall approve and 



/ 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA HI 

ratify such amendment or amendments by a majority of 
the electors qualified to vote for members of the legislative 
assembly voting thereon, such amendment or amendments 
shall become a part of the constitution of this state. If 
two or more amendments shall be submitted at the same 
time they shall be submitted in such manner that the elect- 
ors shall vote for or against each of such amendments sep- 
arately. 

ARTICLE XVI.— Compact With the United States. 

Sec, 203. The following article shall be irrevocable with- 
out the consent of the United States and the people of this 
state : 

First. Perfect toleration of religious sentiment shall be 
secured, and no inhabitant of this state snail ever be mo- 
lested in person or property on account of his or her mode 
of religious worship. 

Second. The people inhabiting this state do agree and 
declare that they forever disclaim all right and title to the 
unappropriated public lands lying within the boundaries 
thereof, and to all lands lying within said limits owned or 
held by any Indian or Indian tribes, and that until the title 
thereto shall have been extinguished by the United States, 
the same shall be and remain subject to the disposition of 
the United States, and that said Indian lands shall remain 
under the absolute jurisdiction and control of the congress 
of the United States; that the lands belonging to citizens 
of the United States residing without this state shall never 
be taxed at a higher rate than the lands belonging to resi- 
dents of this state; that no taxes shall be imposed by this 
state on lands or property therein, belonging to, or which 
may hereafter be purchased by the United States or re- 
served for its use. But nothing in this article shall pre- 
clude this state from taxing as other lands are taxed, any 
lands owned or held by anv Indian who has severed his 
tribal relations, and has obtained from the United States or 
from any person, a title thereto, by patent or other p:rant 
save and except such lands as have been or may be granted 
^ to any Indian or Indians under any acts of cono^ress con- 
taining a provision exempting the lands thus granted from 
taxation, which last mentioned lands shall be exempt from 
taxation so long, and to such an extent, as is, or may be 
provided in the act of congress granting the same. 

Third. In order that payment of the debts and liabili- 
ties contracted or incurred by and on behalf of the terri- 
tory of Dakota may be justly and equitably provided for 
and made, and in pursuance of the reonirements of an act 
of congress aoproved February 22, 1889, entitled "An act 



U2 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



to provide for the division of Dakota into two states and to 
enable the people of North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana 
and Washington to form constitutions and state govern- 
ments and to be admitted into the union on an equal foot- 
ing with the original states and to make donations of public 
lands to such states," the states of North Dakota and South 
Dakota, by proceedings of a joint commission, duly ap- 
pointed under said act, the sessions whereof were held at 
Bismarck, in said state of North Dakota, from July 16, 1889, 
to July 31, 1899, inclusive, have agreed to the following ad- 
justment of the amounts of the debts and liabilities of the 
territory of Dakota which shall be assumed and paid by 
each of the states of North Dakota and South Dakota, re- 
spectively, towit: 

This agreement shall take effect and be in force from and 
after the admission into the union as one of the United 
States of America, of either the state of North Dakota or 
tne state of South Dakota. 

The words "State of North Dakota," wherever used in 
this agreement, shall be taken to mean the territory of 
•North Dakota in case the state of South Dakota shall be ad- 
mitted into the union prior to the admission into the union 
of the state of North Dakota ; and the ^words "State of 
South Dakota," wherever used in this agreement, shall be 
taken to mean the territory of South Dakota in case the 
state of North Dakota shall be admitted into the union 
prior to the admission into the union of the state of South 
Dakota. 

The said state of North Dakota shall assume and pay all 
bonds issued by the territory of Dakota to provide funds 
for the purchase, construction, repairs or maintenance of 
such public institutions, orounds or buildings as are located 
within the boundaries of North Dakota, and shall pay all 
warrants issued under and by virtue of that certain act of 
the legislative assembly of the territory of Dakota, ap- 
proved March 8, 1889, entitled "An act to provide for the 
refunding of outstanding warrants drawn on the capitol 
building fund." 

The state of South Dakota shall assume and pay all 
bonds issued for the territory of Dakota to provide funds 
for the purchase, construction, repairs or maintenance of 
such public institutions, grounds or buildings as are located 
within the boundaries of South Dakota. 

That is to sav: The state of North Dakota shall assume 
and pay the following bonds and indebtedness, towit: 

Bonds issued on account of the hospital for the insane at 
Jamestown, North Dakota, the face aggregate of which is 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 113 

$266,00C(; also bonds issued on account of the North Dakota 
university at Grand Forks. North Dakota, the face aggre- 
gate, of which is $96,700; also, bonds issued on account of 
the penitentiary at Bismarck, North Dakota, the face ag- 
grgate of which is $93,600; also, refunding capitol building 
warrants dated April 1, 1889, $83,507.46. 

And the state of South Dakota shall assume and pay the 
following bonds and indebtedness, towit : 

Bonds issued on account of the "hospital for the insane at 
Yankton, South Dakota, the face aggregate of which is 
$210,000; also, bonds issued on account of the school for 
deaf mutes at Sioux Falls, South Dakota, the face aggre- 
gate of which is $51,000; also, bonds issued on account of 
the university at Vermillion. South Dakota, the face aggre- 
gate of which is $75,000: also, bonds issued on account of 
the penitentiary at Sioux Falls, South Dakota, the face 
aggregate of which is $94,300; also, bonds issued on ac- 
count of the agricultural college at Brookings, South Da- 
kota, the face aggregate of which is $97,500; also, bonds 
issued on account of the normal school at Madison, South 
Dakota, the face aggregate of which is $49,400; also, bonds 
issued on account of the school ot mines at Rapid City, 
South Dakota, the face aggregate of which is $33,000; also 
bonds issued on account of the reform school at Plankin- 
ton. South Dakota, the face aggregate of which is $30,000; 
also, bonds issued on account of the normal school at Spear- 
fish, South Dakota, the face aggregate of which is $25,000; 
also, bonds issued on account of the soldiers' home at Hot 
Springs; South Dakota, the face aggregate of which is 
$45,000. 

The states of North Dakota and South Dakota snail pay 
one-half each of all liabilities now existing or hereafter 
and prior to the taking effect of this agreement incurred, 
except those heretofore or hereafter incurred on account of 
public institutions, grounds or buildings, except as other- 
wise herein specifically provided. 

The State of South Dakota shall pay to the State of North 
Dakota $46,500. on account of the excess of territorial ao- 
priations for the permanent improvement of territorial 
institutions which under this agreement will go to South 
Dakota, and in full of the undivided one-half interest of 
North Dakota in the territorial library, and in full settle- 
ment of unbalanced accounts, and of all claims against the 
territory of whatever nature, legal or equitable, arising out 
of the alleged erroneous or unlawful taxation of Northern 
Pacific railroad lands, and the payment of said amount 
shall discharge and exempt the state of South Dakota from 
all liability for or on account of the several matters here- 



Blue Book-8. 



114 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

inbefore referred to; nor shall either state be called upon 
to pay or answer to any portion of liability hereafter arising 
or accruing on account of transactions heretofore had. 
which liability would be a liability of the territory of Da- 
kota had such territory remained in existence, and which 
liability shall grow out of matters connected with any pub- 
lic institutions, grounds or buildings of the territory situ- 
ated or located within the boundaries of the other state. 

A final adjustment of accounts shall be made upon the 
following basis: North Dakota shall be charged with all 
sums paid on account of the public institutions, grounds or 
buildings located within its boundaries on account of the 
current appropriations since March 9, 1889; and South Da- 
kota shall be charged with all sums paid on account of pub- 
lic institutions, grounds or buildings located within its 
boundaries on the same account and during the same time. 
Each state shall be charged with one-half of all other ex- 
penses of the territorial government during the same time. 
All moneys paid into the treasury during the period from 
March 8, 1889, to the time of taking effect of this agree- 
ment by any county, municipality or oerson within the 
limits of the proposed state of North Dakota, shall be cred- 
ited to the state of North Dakota, and all sums paid into 
said treasury within the same time by any county, munici- 
pality or person within the limits of the proposed state of 
South Dakota shall be credited to the state of South Da- 
kota, except that any and all taxes on gross earnings paid 
into said treasury by railroad corporations, since the 8th 
day of March, 1889, based upon earnings of years prior to 
1888, under and by virtue of the act of the legislative as- 
sembly of the territory of Dakota, approved March 7, 1889, 
and entitled "An act providing for the levy and collection 
of taxes upon property of railroad companies in this terri- 
tory," being chapter 107 of the session laws of 1889 (that 
is, the part of such sums going to the territory), shall be 
equally divided between the states of North Dakota and 
South Dakota, and all taxes heretofore or hereafter paid 
into said treasury under and by virtue of the act last men- 
tioned, based upon the jjross earnings of the year 1888, 
shall be distributed as already provided by law, except that 
so much thereof as goes to the territorial treasury shall be 
divided as follows: North Dakota shall have so much, 
thereof as shall be or has been paid by railroads within the 
limits of the proposed state of North 'Dakota, and South 
Dakota so much thereof as shall be or has been paid by 
railroads within the limits of the proposed state of South 
Dakota; each state shall be credited also with all balances 
of appropriations made by the seventeenth legislative as- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 115 

sembly of the territory of Dakota for the account of the 
public institutions, grounds or buildings situated within 
its limits remaining unexpended on March 8, 1889. If 
there shall be any indebtedness except the indebted- 
ness represented by the bonds and refunding warrants here- 
inbefore mentioned, each state shall, at the time of such final 
adjustment of accounts, assume its share of said indebted- 
ness as determined by the amount paid on account of the 
public institutions, grounds or buildings of such state in 
excess of the receipts from counties, municipalities, rail- 
road corporations or persons within the limits of, said state 
as provided in this article; and if there should be a surplus 
at the time of such final adiustment, each state shall be en- 
titled to the amounts received from counties, municipali- 
ties, railroad corporations or persons within its limits over 
and above the amount charged it. And the state of North 
Dakota hereby obligates itself to pay such part of the debts 
and liabilities of the territory of Dakota as is declared by 
the foregoing agreement to be its proportion thereof, the 
same as if such proportion had been originally created by 
said state of North Dakota as its own debt or liability. 

Sec. 204. Jurisdiction is ceded to the United States over 
the military reservations of Fort Abraham Lincoln, Fort 
Buford, Fort Pembina and Fort Totten, heretofore declared 
by the president of the United States; provided, legal pro- 
cess, civil and criminal, of this state, shall extend over 
such reservation in all cases in which exclusive jurisdic- 
tion is not vested in the United States, or of crimes not 
committed within the limits of such reservations. 

Sec. 205. The state of North Dakota hereby accepts the 
several grants of land granted by the United States to the 
state of North Dakota by an act of congress, entitled "An 
act to provide for the division of Dakota into two states, 
and to enable the people of North Dakota, South Dakota, 
Montana and Washington to form constitutions and state 
governments, and to be admitted to the union on equal 
footing with the original states, and to make donations of 
public lands to such states," under the conditions and lim- 
itations therein mentioned; reserving the right, however, 
to apply to congress for modification of said conditions and 
limitations in case of necessity. 

ARTICLE XVIL— Miscellaneous. 

Sec. 206. The name of this state shall be "North Da- 
kota." The state of North Dakota shall consist of all the 
territory included within the following boundary, towit: 
Commencing at a point in the main channel of the Red 
River of the North, where the forty-ninth degree of north 



116 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

latitude crosses the same; thence south up the main chan- 
nel of the same and along the boundary line of the state of 
Minnesota to a point where the seventh standard parallel 
intersects the same; thence west along said seventh stand- 
ard parallel produced due west to a point where it inter- 
sects the twenty-seventh rtieridian of longitude west from 
Washington; thence north on said meridian to a point 
where it intersects the forty-ninth degree of north latitude; 
thence east along said line to place of beginning. 

Sec. 207. The following described Seal is hereby de- 
clared to be and hereby constituted the great seal of the 
state of North Dakota, towit: A tree in the open field, 
the trunk of which is surrounded by three bundles of 
wheat; on the right a plow, anvil and sledge; on the left, 
a bow crossed with three arrows, and an Indian on horse- 
back pursuing a buffalo toward the setting sun; the foliage 
of the tree arched by a half circle of forty-two stars, sur- 
rounded by the motto "Liberty and Union Now and For- 
ever, One and Inseparable;" the words "Great ^eal" at the 
top, the words "State of North Dakota" at the bottom; 
"October 1st" on the left, and ".1889" on the right. The 
seal to be two and one-half inches in diameter. 

Sec. 208. The right of the debtor to enjoy the comforts 
and necessaries of life shall be recognized by wholesome 
laws exempting from forced sale to all heads of families a 
homestead, the value of which shall be limited and defined 
by law; and a reasonable amount of personal pronerty; the 
kind and value shall be fixed by law. This section shall 
not be construed to prevent liens against the homestead 
for labor done and materials furnished in the improvement 
thereof, in such manner as may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 209. The labor of children under twelve years of 
age shall be prohibited in mines, factories and workshops 
in this state. 

Sec. 210. All flowing streams and natural water courses 
shall forever remain the property of the state for mining, 
irrigating and manufacturing purposes. 

Sec. 211. Members of the legislative assembly and judi- 
cial departments, except such inferior officers as may be by 
law exempted, shall, before they enter on the duties of 
their respective offices, take and subscribe the following 
oath or affirmation: "I do solemnly swear (or affirm, as the 
case may be) that I will support the constitution of the 
United States and the constitution of the state of North 
Dakota; and that I will faithfully discharge the duties of 

the office of according to the best of my 

abiHty, so help me God" (if an oath), (under pain and nen- 
alty of perjury, if an atfirmation), and no other oath, 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 117 



declaration or test shall be required as a "ualitication for 
any office or public trust 

Sec. 212. The exchange of "black lists" between corpo- 
rations shall be prohibited. 

Sec. 213. The real and personal property of any woman 
in this state, acquired before marriage, and all property to 
which she may after marriage become in any manner right- 
fully entitled, shall be her separate property and shall not 
be liable for the debts of her husband. 

ARTICLE XVIII. — Congressional and Legislative Appor- 
tionment. 

Sec. 214. Until otherwise provided by law, the member 
of the house of representatives of the United States appor- 
tioned to this state shall be elected at large. 

Until otherwise provided by law the senatorial and rep- 
resentatives districts shall be formed and the senators and 
representatives shall be apportioned as follows: 

The first district shall consist of the townships of Wal- 
halla. St. Joseph, Neche, Pembina, Bathgate, Carlisle. Jol- 
iet, Midland, Lincoln and Drayton, in the county of Pem- 
bina, and be entitled to one senator and two representatives. 

The second district shall consist of the townships of St. 
Thomas, Hamilton, Cavalier, Akra, Beauleau, Thingvalla, 
Gardar, Park, Crystal, Elora and Lodema, in the county of 
Pembina, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The third district shall consist of the townships of Perth, 
Latona, Adams, Silvestar, Qeveland, Morton, Vesta, Tiber, 
Medford, Vernon, Golden, Lampton, Eden, Rushford, Ken- 
sinsfton, Dundee, Ops, Prairie Center, Fertile, Park River 
and Glenwood, in the county of Walsh, and be entitled to 
one senator and two representatives. 

The fourth district shall consist of the townships of For- 
est River, Walsh Center, Grafton, Farmington, Ardoch, 
village of Ardoch, Harrison, city of Grafton, Oakwood, 
Martin, Walshville, Pulaski, Acton, Minto and St. Andrews 
in the county of Walsh, and be entitled to one senator and 
three representatives. 

The fifth district shall consist of the townships of Gilby, 
Johnstown, Strabane, Wheatfield Hegton, Arvilla, Avon, 
Northwood, Lind, Grace, Larimore and the city of Lari- 
more. Elm Grove, Agnes, Inkster, Elkmount, Oakwood, 
Niagara. Moraine, Logan and Loretta, in the county of 
Grand Forks and be entitled to one senator and two rep- 
resentatives. 

The sixth district shall consist of the Third, Fourth, 
Fifth and Sixth wards of the city of Grand Forks, as now 



118 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

constituted, and the townships of Falconer, Harve'*'. Turtle 
River, Ferry, Rye, Bloomine, Meckinock, Lakeville and Le- 
vant, in the county of Grand Forks, and be entitled to one 
senator and two representatives. 

The seventh district shall consist of the First and Second 
wards of the city of Gra^d Forks, as now constituted, and 
the townships of Grand Forks, Brenna, Oakville, Chester, 
Pleasant View, Fairfield, Allendale, Walle, Bentru, Ameri- 
cus, Michigan, Union and Washinsfton, in the county of 
Grand Forks, and be entitled to one senator and two repre- 
sentatives. 

The eighth district shall consist of the county of Traill 
and be entitled to one senator and four representatives. 

The ninth district shall consist of the township of Fargo 
and the city of Fargo, in the county of Cass, and the frac- 
tional township number 139 in range 48, and be entitled to 
one senator and two representatives. 

The tenth district shall consist of the townshios of Noble, 
Wiser, Harwood, Reed, Barnes, Stanley, Pleasant, Ken- 
yon, Gardner, Berlin, Raymond, Mapleton, Warren, Nor- 
man, Elm River, Harmony, Durbin, Addison, Davenport, 
Casselton and the city of Casselton, in the county of Cass, 
and be entitled to one senator and three representatives. 

The eleventh district shall consist of the townships of 
Webster, Rush River. Hunter, Arthur, Amenia, Everest, 
Maple River, Leonard, Dows, Erie, Empire, Wheatland, 
Gill, Walburg, Watson, Page, Rich, Ayr, Buffalo, Howes, 
Eldred, Highland, Rochester, Lake, Cornell, Tower, Hill, 
Clifton and Pontiac, in the county of Cass, and be entitled 
to one senator and three representatives. 

The twelfth district shall consist of thp county of Rich- 
land, and be entitled to one senator and three reperesenta- 

tives. 

fi » . 

The thirteenth district shall consist of the county of Sar- 
gent, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The fourteenth district shall consist of the county of 
Ransom, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The fifteenth district shall consist of the county of Barnes, 
and be entitled to one senator and two representatives. 

The sixteenth district shall consist of the counties of 
Steele and Griggs, and be entitled to one senator and two 
representatives. 

The seventeenth district shall consist of the county of 
Nelson, and be entitled to one senator and one representa- 
tive. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 119 

The eighteenth district shall consist of the countv of 
Cavalier, and be entitled to one senator and two reoresenta- 
tives. 

The nineteenth district shall consist of the counties of 
Towner and Rolette, and be entitled to one senator and one 
representative. 

The twentieth district shall consist of the counties of 
Benson and Pierce, and be entitled to one senator and two 
representatives. 

The twenty-first district shall consist of the county of 
Ramsey, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The twenty-second district shall consist of the counties of 
Eddy, Foster and Wells, and be entitled to one senator and 
two representatives. 

The twenty-third district shall consist of the county of 
Stutsman, and be entitled to one senator and two represen- 
tatives. 

The twenty-fourth district shall consist of the county of 
LaMoure, and be entitled to one senator an(} one representa- 
tive. 

The twenty-fifth district shall consist of the county of 
Dickey, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The twenty-sixth district shall consist of the counties of 
Emmons, Mcintosh, Logan and Kidder, and be entitled to 
one senator and two representatives. 

The twenty-seventh district shall consist of the county of 
Burleigh, and be entitled to one senator and two representa- 
tives. 

The twenty-eighth district shall consist of the counties of 
Bottineau and McHenry, and be entitled to one senator and 
one representative. 

The twenty-ninth district shall consist of the counties 
of Ward and McLean, and all the unorganized counties 
lying north of the Missouri' river, and be entitled to one 
senator and one representative. 

The thirtieth district shall consist of the counties of Mor- 
ton and Oliver, and be entitled to one senator and two rep- 
resentatives. 

The thirty-first district shall consist of the counties of 
Mercer, Stark and Billings and all the unorganized counties 
lying south of the Missouri river, and be entitled to one 
senator and one representative. 

Note. — Apportionment changed by law of 1901 and law of 1907. 



120 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

ARTICLE XIX.— Public Institutions. 

Sec. 215. The following public institutions of the state 
are permanently located at the places hereinafter named, 
each to have the lands specifically granted to it by the 
United States, in the act of congress approved February 
22, 1889, to be disposed of and used in such manner as the 
legislative assembly may prescribe, subjejct to the limita- 
tions provided in the article on school and public lands con- 
tained in this constitution. 

First. The seat of government at the city of Bismarck 
in the county of Burleigh. 

Second. The state university and the school of mines 
at the city of Grand Forks, in the county of Grand Forks. 

Third. The agricultural college at the city of Fargo, in 
the county of Cass. 

Fourth. A state normal school at the city of Valley 
City, in the county of Barnes; and the legislative assembly 
in apportioning the grant of eighty thousand acres of land 
for normal schools made in the act of congress referred to 
shall grant to the said normal school at Valley City, as 
aforementioned, fifty thousand (50,000) acres, and said 
lands are hereby appropriated to said institution for that 
purpose. 

Fifth. The deaf and dumb asylum at the city of Devils 
Lake, in the county of Ramsey. 

Sixth. A state reform school at the city of Mandan, in 
the county of Morton. 

Seventh. A state normal school at the city of Mayville, 
in the county of Traill, and the legislative assemblv in ap- 
portioning the grant of lands made by congress in the act 
aforesaid, for state normal schools, shall assign thirty 
thousand (30,000) acres to the institution hereby located 
at Mayville, and said land3 are hereby approoriated for 
said purpose. 

Eighth. A state hospital for the insane and institution 
for the feeble minded in connection therewith, at the city 
of Jamestown, in the county of Stutsman. And the legis- 
lative assembly shall appropriate twenty thousand acres of 
the grant of land made by the act of congress aforesaid for 
"other educational and charitable institutions" to the ben- 
efit and for the endowment of said institution. 

Sec. 216. The following named public institutions are 
hereby permanently located as hereinafter provided, each 
to have so much of the remaining grant of one hundred and 
seventy thousand acres of land made by the United States 
for "other educational and charitable institutions," as is 
allotted by law, viz: 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 121 

First. A soldier's home, when located, or such other 
charitable institution as the legislative assembly may de- 
termine, at Lisbon, in the county of Ransom, with a grant 
of forty thousand acres of land. 

Second. A blind asylum, or such other institution as the 
legislative assembly may determine, at such place in the 
county of Pembina as the qualified electors of said county 
may determine at an election to be held as prescribed by 
the legislative assembly, with a grant of thirty thousand 
acres. 

Third. An industrial school and school for manual 
training, or such other educational or ' charitable institu- 
tion as the legislative assembly may provide, at the town of 
Ellendale, in the county of 'Dickey, with a grant of forty 
thousand acres. 

Fourth. A school of forestry, or such other institution 
as the legislative assembly may determine, at such place in 
one of the counties of McHenry, Ward, Bottineau or Ro- 
lette, as the electors of said counties may determine by an 
election for that purpose, to be held as provided by the 
legislative assembly. 

Fifth. A scientific school, or such other educational or 
charitable institution as the legislative assembly may pre- 
scribe, at the city of Wahpeton, county of Richland, with a 
grant of forty thousand acres; provided, that no other in- 
stitution of a character similar to any one of these located 
by this article shall be established or maintained without a 
revision of this constitution. 

Note. — This section amended by Articles 5 and 6, amendments 
to the constitution. 

ARTICLE XX.— Prohibition. 

Sec. 217. No person, association or corporation shall 
within this state, manufacture for sale or gift, any intoxi- 
cating liquors, and no person, association or corporation 
shall import any of the same for sale or gift, or keep or sell 
or offer the same for sale, or gift, barter or trade as a bev- 
erage. The legislative assembly shall by law prescribe 
regulations for the enforcement of the provisions of this 
article and shall thereby provide suitable penalties for the 
violation thereof. 

SCHEDULE. 

Section 1. That no inconvenience . may arise from a 
change of territorial government to state government, it 
is declared that all writs, actions, prosecutions, claims and 
rights of individuals and bodies corporate shall continue as 
if no change of government had taken place, and all pro- 
cesses which may, before the organization of the judicial 



122 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



department under this constitution, be issued under the 
authority of the territory of Dakota, shall be as valid as if 
issued in the name of the state. 

Sec 2. All laws now in force in the territory of Dakota, 
which are not repugnant to this constitution, shall remain 
in force until they expire by their own limitations or be 
altered or repealed. 

Sec. 3. All fines, penalties, fqrfeitures and escheats ac- 
cruing to the territory of Dakota shall accrue to the use of 
the states of North Dakota and South Dakota, and may be 
sued for and recovered by either of said states as necessity 
may require. 

Sec. 4. All recognizances, bonds, obligations or other un- 
dertakings, heretofore taken, or which may be taken before 
the organization of the judicial department under this con- 
stitution, shall remain valid, and shall pass over to, and 
may be prosecuted in the name of the state; all bonds, obli- 
gations or other undertakings executed in this territory, or 
to any officer in his official capacity, shall pass over to the 
proper state authority, and to their successors in office, for 
the use therein respectively expressed, and may be sued for 
and recovered accordingly; all criminal prosecutions and 
penal actions, which have arisen or may arise before the 
organization of the judicial department, under this consti- 
tution, or which shall then be pending, may be prosecuted 
to judgment and execution. in the name of the state. 

Sec. 5. All property real and personal, and credits, 
claims and choses An action belonging to the territory of 
Dakota at the time of the adoption of this constitution, 
shall be vested in and become the property of the states of 
North Dakota and South Dakota. 

Sec. 6. Whenever any two of the judges of the supreme 
court of the state, elected under the provisions of this con- 
stitution, shall have qualified for their offices, the causes 
then pending in the supreme court of the territory on ap- 
peal or writ of error from the district courts of any county 
or subdivision within the limits of this state, and the 
papers, records and proceedings of said court shall pass 
into the jurisdiction and possession of the supreme court of 
the state, except as otherwise provided in the enabling act 
of congress, and until so superseded in the supreme court of 
the territory and the judges thereof shall continue, with 
like powers and jurisdiction as if this constitution had not 
been adouted. Whenever the judge of the district court^ of 
any district elected under the provisions of this constitu- 
tion shall have nualified in his office, and the several causes 
then pending in the district court of the territory within any 
county in such district, and the records, papers and pro- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 123 

ceedings of said district court, and the seal and other prop- 
erty pertaining thereto, shall pass into the jurisdiction and 
possession of the district court of the state for such county, 
except as provided in the enabling act of congress, and un- 
til the district courts of this territory shall be superseded in 
the manner aforesaid, the said district courts and the judges 
thereof shall continue with the same jurisdiction and power 
to be exercised in the same judicial districts respectively as 
heretofore constituted under the laws of the territory. 

Sec. 7. Until otherwise provided bv law, the seals now in 
use in the supreme and district courts of this territory are 
hereby declared to be the seals of the supreme and district 
courts respectively of the state. 

Sec. 8. Whenever this constitution shall go into effect, 
the books, records and papers and proceedings of the pro- 
bate court in each county, and all causes and matters of 
administration and otner matters pending therein, shall 
pass into the jurisdiction and possession of the county 
court of the same county, and the said county court shall 
proceed to final decree or judgment, order or other deter- 
mination in the said several matters and causes as the said 
probate court might have done if this constitution had not 
been adopted. And until the election and qualification of 
the judges of the county courts provided for in this con- 
stitution, the probate judges shall act as the judges of the 
county courts within^ their respective counties, and th« seal 
of liie probate court in each county shall be the seal of the 
county court therein until the said court shall have pro- 
cured a proper seal. 

Sec. 9, The terms "probate court" or "probate judge," 
whenever occurring in the statutes of the territory, shall 
after this constitution goes into effect, be held to apply to 
the county court or county judge. 

Sec. 10. All territorial, county and precinct officers, who 
may be in office at the time this constitution takes effect, 
whether holding their offices under the authority of the 
United States or the territory, shall hold and exercise 
their respective offices, and perform the duties thereof as 
prescribed in this constitution, until their successors shall 
b- elected and qualified in accordance with the provisions 
of this constitution, and official bonds of all such officers 
shall continue in full force and effect as though this consti- 
tution had not been adopted; and such officers for their 
term of service, under this constitution, shall receive the 
same salaries and compensations as is by this constitution 
or by the laws of the territory, provided for like officers; 
provided, that the county and precinct officers shall hold 
their offices for the term for which tnev were elected. 



124 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

There shall be elected in each organized county in this 
state, at the election to be held for the ratification of 'this 
constitution, a clerk of the district court, who snail hold 
his office under said election until his successor is duly 
elected and qualified. The judges of the district court shall 
have power to appoint state's attorneys in any organized 
counties where no such attorneys have been elected, which 
appointment shall continue until the general election to be 
hid in 1890, and until his successor is elected and qualified. 

Sec. 11. This constitution shall take effect and be in full 
force immediately upon the admission of the territory as a 
state. 

' Sec. 12. Immediately upon the adjournment of this con- 
vention the governor of the territory, or, in case of his ab- 
sence, or failure to act, the secretary of the territory, or in 
case of his absence or failure to act, the president of the 
constitutional convention shall issue a proclamation, which 
shall be published and a copy thereof mailed to the chair- 
man of the board of county commissioners of each county, 
calling an election by the people on the first Tuesday in 
October, 1889, of all the state and district officers created 
and made elective bv this constitution. This constitution 
shall be submitted for adoption or rejection at such election 
to a vote of the electors qualified by the laws of this terri- 
tory to vote at all elections. At the election provided for 
herein the qualified voters shall vote directly for or aerainst 
this constitution and for or against the article separately 
submitted. 

Sec. 13. The board of commissioners of the several coun- 
ties shall thereupon order such election for said day, and 
shall cause notice thereof to be given for the period of 
twenty days, in the manner provided by law. Every quali- 
fied elector of the territory, at the date of said election, 
shall be entitled to vote thereat. Said election shall be 
conducted in all respects in the same manner as provided by 
the laws of the territory for general elections, and the 
returns for all state and district officers, and members ^ of 
the legislative assembly, shall be made to the canvassing 
board hereinafter provided for. 

Sec. 14. The governor, secretary and chief justice, or a 
majority of them, shall constitute a board of canvassers to 
canvass the vote of such election for all state and district 
officers and members of the legislative assembly. The said 
board shall assemble at the seat of government of the terri- 
tory on the fifteenth day after the day of such election (or 
on the following day if such day falls on Stmday), and pro- 
ceed to canvass the votes on the adoption of this constitution 
and for all state and district officers and members of 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 125 

the legislative assembly in the manner provided by the 
laws of the territory for canvassing the vote for delegate to 
congress, and they shall issue certificates of election to the 
persons found to be elected to said offices severally, and 
shall make and file with the secretary of the territory an 
abstract certified bv them, of the number of votes cast for 
or against the adoption of the constitution, and for each 
person for each of said offices, and of the total number of 
votes cast in each county. 

Sec. 15. All officers elected at such election shall, with- 
in sixty days after the date of the executive proclamation 
admitting the state of North Dakota into the union, take 
the oath reauired by the constitution, and give the same 
bond required by the laws of the territory to be given in case 
of like officers of the territory and districts, and shall 
thereupon, enter upon the duties of their respective offices, 
but the legislative assembly may require by law all such 
officers to give other or further bonds as a condition of 
their continuance in office. 

Sec. 16. The judges of the district court who shall be 
elected at the election herein provided for shall hold their 
offices until the first Monday in January, 1893, and until 
their successors are elected and qualified. All other state 
officers, except judges of the supreme court, who shall be 
elected at the election herein provided for, shall hold their 
offices until the first Monday in January, 1891, and until 
their successors are elected and qualified. Until otherwise 
provided by law, the judges of the supreme court shall re- 
ceive for their services the salary of four thousand dollars 
per annum, payable quarterly; and the district judges shall 
receive for their services the salary of three thousand dol- 
lars per annum, payable quarterly. 

Sec. 17. The governor-elect of the state immediately 
upon his qualifying and entering upon the duties of his 
office shall issue his proclamation convening the legislative 
assembly of the state at the seat of government on a day to 
be named in said proclamation, and which shall not be less 
than fifteen nor more than forty days after the date of such 
proclamation. And said legislative assembly after organ- 
izinc: shall proceed to elect two senators of the United 
States for the state of North Dakota ; and at said election 
the two persons who shall receive a majority of all the votes 
cast by the said senators and representatives shall be 
elected such United States senators. And the ^ presiding 
officers of the senate and house of representatives shall 
each certify the election to the governor and secretary of 
the state of North Dakota; and the governor and secretary 



126 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

of state shall certify the election of such senators as pro- 
vided by law. 

Sec. 18. At the election herein provided for there shall 
be elected a representative to the fifty-iirst congress of the 
United States, by the electors of the state at large. 

Sec. 19. It is hereby made the duty of the legislative as- 
sembly at its first session to provide for the payment of all 
debts ind indebtedness authorized to be incurred by the 
constitutional convention of North Dakota, which shall re- 
main unpaid after the appropriation made by congress for 
the same shall have been exhausted. 

Sec. 20. There shall be submitted at the same election 
at which this constitution is submitted for rejection or 
adoption, article 20, entitled "Prohibition," and persons 
who desire to vote for said article shall have written or 
printed on their ballots "For Prohibition," and all persons 
desiring to vote against said article shall have written or 
printed on their ballots "Against Prohibition." If it shall 
appear according to the returns herein provided for that a 
majority of all the votes cast at said election for and against 
prohibition are for prohibition, then said article 20 shall 
be and form a part of this constitution and be in full force 
and effect as such from the date of the admission of this 
state into the union. But if a majority of said votes shall 
appear according to said returns to be against prohibition 
then said article 20 shall be null and void and shall not be 
a part of this constitution. 

Sec 21. The agreement made by the joint commission of 
the constitutional conventions of North Dakota and South 
Dakota concerning the records, books and archives of the 
territory of Dakota is hereby ratified and confirmed: which 
agreement is in the words following: That is to say: 

The following books, records and archives of the territory 
of Dakota shall be the property of North Dakota, towit: 
All records, books and archives in the office of the governor 
and secretary of the territory (except records of articles of 
incorporation of domestic corporations, returns of election 
of delegates to the constitutional convention of 1889 for 
South Dakota, returns of election held under the so-called 
local option law, in counties within the limits of South Da- 
kota, bonds of notaries public appointed for counties within 
the limits of South Dakota, papers relating to the organiz- 
ation of counties situate within the limits of South Dakota, 
all which records and archives are a part of the records and 
archives of said secretary's office: excepting, also, census 
returns from counties situate within the limits of South 
Dakota and papers relatin^ to requisitions issued upon the 
application of officers of counties situate within the limits 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 127 



of South Dakota, all of which are a part of the records and 
archives of said governor's oflSce). 

And the following records, books and archives shall also 
be the property of the state of North DakoU, towit: 
Vouchers in the office or custody of the auditor of this ter- 
ritory relating to expenditures on account of public insti- 
tutions, grounds or buildings situate within the limits of 
North Dakota. One warrant register in the office of the 
treasurer of the territory — being a record of warrants 
issued under and by virtue of chapter 24 of the laws enacted 
by the eighteenth legislative assembly of Dakota territory. 
All letters, receipts and vouchers in the same office now filed 
by counties and pertaining to counties within the limits of 
North Dakota. Paid and cancelled coupons in the same 
office, representing interest on bonds which said state of 
North Dakota is to assume and pay. Reports of gross 
earnings of the year 1888 in the same office, made by corpo- 
rations operating lines of railroads situated wholly or 
mainly within the limits of North Dakota. Records and 
papers of the office of the public examiner of the second 
district of the territory. Records and papers of, the office 
of the district board of agriculture. Records and papers in 
the office of the board of pharmacy of the District of North 
Dakota. 

All records, books and archives of the territory of Dakota 
which it is not herein agreed shall be the property of North 
Dakota, shall be the property of South Dakota. 

The following books shall be copied and the copies shall 
be the property of North Dakota, and the cost of such 
copies shall be borne equally by the states of North Dakota 
and South Dakota. Tnat is to say: 

Appropriation ledger for years ending November, 1889-90 
— one volume. 

The auditor's current warrant register — one volume. 

Insurance record for 1889 — one volume. 

Treasurer's cash book — "D." 

Assessment ledger — "B." 

Dakota territory bond register — one volume. 

Treasurer's current ledger — one volume. 

The originals of the foregoing volumes which are to be 
copied shall at any time after such copying shall have been 
completed be delivered on demand to the proper authori- 
ties of the state of South Dakota. 

All other records, books and archives, which it is hereby 
agreed shall be the property of South Dakota, shall remain 
at the capitol of North Dakota until demanded by the legis- 
lature of the state of South Dakota, and until the state of 
North Dakota shall have had a reasonable time after such 



128 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

ilemand is made to provide copies or abstracts of such por- 
tions thereof as the said state of North Dakota may desire 
to have copies or abstracts of. 

The state of South Dakota may also provide copies or ab- 
stracts of such records, books and archives, which it is 
agreed shall be the property of North Dakota, as said state 
of South Dakota shall desire to have copies or abstracts of. 
The expense of all copies or abstracts of records, books, 
and archives which it is herein agreed may be made, shall 
be borne equally by said two states. 

Sec. 22. Should the counties containing lands which form 
a part of the grant of lands made by congress to the North- 
ern Pacific railroad company, be compelled b" law to refund 
moneys paid for such lands or any of them by purchasers 
thereof at tar sales thereof, based upon taxes illegally 
levied upon said lands, then and in that case the state of 
North Dakota shall appropriate the sum of twenty-five 
thousand dollars ($25,000) or so much thereof as may be 
necessary to reimburse said counties for the amount so re- 
ceived from said illegal tax sales and paid by said counties 
into the treasury of Dakota territory. 

, Sec. 23. This constitution shall after its enrollment be 
signed by the president of this convention and the chief 
clerk thereof, and such delegates as desire to sign the same, 
whereupon it shall be deposited in the office of the secre- 
tary of the territory, where it may be signed at any time 
by any delegate who shall be prevented from signing the 
same for any reason at the time of the adjournment of this 
convention. 

Sec. 24. In case the territorial officers of the territory of 
Dakota, or any of them who are now required by law to 
report to the governor of the territory, annually or bien- 
nially, shall prepare and publish such reports covering the 
transactions of their offices up to the time of the admission 
of the state of North Dakota into the union, the legislative 
assembly shall make sufficient appropriations to pay one- 
half of the cost of such publication. 

Sec. 25. The governor and secretary of the territory are 

hereby authorized to make arrangements for the meeting 

of the first legislative assembly, and the inauguration of 
the state government. 

Sec. 26. The legislative assembly shall provide for the 
editing and for the publication in an independent volume, 
of this constitution, as soon as it shall take effect, and 
whenever it shall be altered or amended, and shall cause to 
be published in the same volume the declaration of inde- 
pendence, the constitution of the United States and the 
enabling act. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 129 

Done at Bismarck, Dakota, in open convention, this 17th 
day of August, A. D. 1889. 

F. B. Fancher, 
President* 
John G. Hamilton, Chief Clerk. 



AMENDMENTS TO CONSTITUTION. 



ARTICLE I. 

The legislative assembly shall have no power to author- 
ize lotteries or gift enterprises for any purpose and shall 
pass laws to prohibit the sale of lottery or gift enterprise 
tickets. 

ARTICLE II. 

Sec. 121. Every male person of the age of twenty-one 
years or upwards, belonging to either of the following 
classes, who shall have resided in the state for one year and 
in the county six months, and in the precinct ninety days 
next preceding any election, shall be a qualified elector at 
such election. 

First — Citizens of the United States. 

Second — Civilized persons of Indian descent, who shall 
have severed their tribal relations two years next preceding 
such election. 

Sec. 127. No person who is under guardianship, non 
compos mentis or insane, shall be qualified to vote at 
any election; nor any person convicted of treason or fel- 
ony, unless restored to civil rights; and the legislature shall 
by law establish an educational test as a qualification, and 
may prescribe penalties for failing, neglecting or refusing 
to vote at any general election. 

ARTICLE III. 

Sec. 76. The governor shall have power in conjunction 
with the board of pardons, of which the governor shall be 
ex officio a member and the other members of which shall 
consist of the attorney general of the state of North Da- 
kota, the chief justice of the supreme court of the state of 
North Dakota, and two qualified electors who shall be ap- 
pointed by the governor, to remit fines and forfeitures, to 
grant reprieves, commutations and pardons after convic- 



Blue Book— 9. 



^'^ LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



^^^t- K ^^^ offenses except treason and cases of impeach- 
rnent; but the legislative assembly may by law regulate 
ine manner in which the remission of fines, pardons, com- 
mutations and reprieves may be applied for. Upon con- 
viction of treason the governor shall have the power to sus- 
pena the execution of sentence until the case shall be re- 
ported to the legislative assembly at its next regular ses- 
sion, when the legislative assembly shall either pardon or 
commute the sentence, direct the execution of the sentence 
or grant further reprieve. The governor shall communicate 
^^ If legislative assembly at each regular session each 
case of remission of fine, reprieve, commutation or pardon 
granted by the board of '^ardons, stating the name of the 
convict, the crime for which he is convicted, the sentence 
and Its date and the date of 'remission, commutation, pardon 
or reprieve, with their reasons for granting the same. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Sec. 179. All property, except as hereinafter in this sec- 
tion provided, shall be assessed in the county, city, town- 
ship, village or district in which it is situated, in the man- 
ner prescribed by law. The franchise, roadway, roadbed, 
rails and rolling stock of all railroads, and the franchise 
and all other property of all express companies, freight line 
companies, car equipment companies, sleeping car companies, 
dining car companies, tele|g(raph or telephone' companies, 
or corporations operated in this state and used directly 
or indirectly in the carrying of persons, property, or 
messages, shall be assessed by the state board of equal- 
ization at their actual value, and such assessed value shall 
be apportioned to the counties, cities, towns, villages, 
townships and districts in which such railroad companies, 
express companies, sleeping car companies, dining car 
companies, telegraph and telephone companies are located, 
or through which they are operated, as a basis for the tax- 
ation of such property, in proportion to the number of 
miles of such property, within such counties, cities, towns, 
villagles, townships and districts, or over which any part 
of such property is used or operated within such counties, 
towns, villages, townships and districts. But should any 
railroad allow any portion of its roadway to be used for any 
purpose other than the operation of a railroad thereon, such 
portion of its roadway, while so used, shall be assessed in 
the manner provided for the assessment of other real 
property. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 131 



ARTICLE V. 

Subdivision 5 of section 215. 

Fifth. The school for the deaf and dumb of North Da- 
kota, at the City of Devils Lake, in the county of Ramsey. 

ARTICLE VI. 

Subdivision 8, of section 215. 

Eighth. A state hospital for the insane at the city of 
Jamestown, in the county of Stutsman. And the legislative 
assembly shall appropriate twenty thousand acres of the 
grant of lands made by the act of congress aforesaid for 
"other educational and charitable institutions," to the benefit 
and for the endowment of said institution, and there shall 
be located at or near the city of Grafton, in the county 
of Walsh, an institution for the feeble minded, on the 
grounds purchased by the secretary of the interior for a 
penitentiary building. 

ARTICLE VII. 

Sec. 162. The moneys of the permanent school fund, and 
other educational funds, shalJ be invested only in bonds of 
school corporations, or of counties or townships within the 
state, bonds of the United States, bonds of the state of North 
Dakota, municipal bonds, or on first mortgagles on farm 
lands in the state, and not exceeding in amount one-third the 
actual value of any subdivision on which the same may be 
loaned, such value to be determined by the board of apprais- 
al of school lands. 



PROCLAMATION OF ADMISSION 



[Issued by President Harrison, Nov 2, 1889.] 

Whereas, The congress of the United States did, by an 
act approved on the twenty-second day of February, one 
thousand eight hundred and eighty-nine, provide that the 
inhabitants of the territory of Dakota might, upon the con- 
ditions prescribed by said act, become the states of North 
Dakota and South 'Dakota; and 

Whereas, It was provided by said act that the area com- 
prising the territory of Dakota should, for the purposes of 
the act be divided on the line of the seventh standard paral- 
lel produced due west to the western boundary of said 
territory and that the delegates elected as therein provided 
to the constitutional convention in districts north of said 
parallel should assemble in convention at the time pre- 
scribed in the act at the city of Bismarck; and 

Whereas, It was provided by the said act that the dele- 
gates elected, as aforesaid, should, after they had met and 
organized, declare on behalf of the people of North Dakota 
that they adopt the constitution of the United States; 
whereupon the said convention should be authorized to 
form a constitution and state government for the proposed 
state of North Dakota; and 

Whereas, It was provided by said act that the constitu- 
tion so adopted should be republican in form and make no 
distinction in civil or political rights on account of race or 
color, except as to Indians not taxed, and not be repugnant 
to the constitution of the United States and the principles 
of the declaration oi independence; and that the constitu- 
tion should, by ordinance irrevocable without the consent 
of the United States and the people of said states, make 
certain provisions prescribed in said act; and 

Whereas, It was provided by said act that the constitu- 
tions of North Dakota and South Dakota should respect- 
ively incorporate an agreement, to be reached in accord- 
ance with the provisions of the act for an equitable divi- 
sion of all property belonging to the territory of Dakota, 
the disposition of all public records, and also for the appor- 
tionment of the debts and liabilities of said territory, and 
that each of said states should obligate itself to pay its 
proportion of such d6bts and liabilities the same as if they 
had been created by such states respectively; and 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 133 



Whereas, It was provided by said act that the constitu- 
tion thus formed for the people of North Dakota should by 
an ordinance of the convention forming the same, be sub- 
mitted to the people of North Dakota, at an election to be 
held therein on the first Tuesday in October, one thousand 
eight hundred and eighty-nine, for ratification or rejection 
by the qualified voters of said proposed state, and that the 
returns of said election should be made to the secretary of 
the territory of Dakota, who with the governor and chief 
justice thereof, or any two of them, should canvass the 
same, and if a majority of the legal votes cast should be for 
the constitution, the governor should certify the result to the 
president of the United States, together with a statement 
of the votes cast thereon, and upon separate articles or 
propositions and a copy of said constitution, articles, propo- 
sitions and ordinances; and 

Whereas, It has been certified to me by the governor of 
the territory of Dakota, that within the time prescribed by 
said act of congress a> constitution for the proposed state of • 
North Dakota has been adopted and the same ratified by a 
majority of the qualified voters of said proposed state in 
accordance with the conditions prescribed in said act ; and 

AAHiereas, It is also certified to me by said governor that 
at the same time that the body of said constitution was 
s abmitted to a vote of the people, a separate article num- 
bered 20 and entitled "prohibition" was also submitted and 
received a majority of all the votes cast for and against 
said article as well as a majority of all the votes cast for 
and against the constitution, and was adopted ; and 

Whereas, A duly authenticated copy of said constitution, 
article, ordinances and propositions, as required by said 
act, has been received by me; 

Now, therefore, I, Benjamin Harrison, president of the 
United States of America, do, in a,ccordance with the pro- 
visions of the act of congress aforesaid, declare and pro- 
claim the fact that the conditions imposed by cong'ress on 
the state of North Dakota to entitle that state to admission 
to the union, have been ratified and accepted and that the 
admission of the said state into the union is now complete. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and 
caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at 
the city of Washington, this second day of November, in 
the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and 
eighty-nine, and of the independence of the United States 
of America one hundred and fourteenth. 

BENJ. HARRISON. 
By the President: 

JAMES G. BLAINE, Secretary of State. 



STATISTICS SINCE STATEHOOD 



1889 



STATISTICS 



STATE OFFICERS SINCE STATEHOOD. 



Since admission the state of North Dakota has had the followL.«g 
state officers: 

Governors. 

(First state officers qualified November 4, 1889.) 



John Miller 1889-90 

Andrew H. Burke 1891-92 

(b) Eli C. D. Shortridge 1893-94 

Roger Allin 1895-96 

♦Frank A. Briggrs 1897-98 

(a) Joseph M. Devine ..1898 



*Died in office, 
(a) Served out 



July, 1898. 
unexpired term 



Frederick B. Fanchcr 1899-00 

Frank White 1901-03 

Frank White 1903-04 

E.'Y. Sarles 1905-06 

(b) John Burke 1907 



of Governor Briggs. 



Lieutenant Governors. 



Alfred M. Dickey 1889-90 

Roger Allin 1891-92 

(b) Elmer D. Wallace ..1893-94 

John H. Worst 1895-96 

Joseph M. Devine 1897-98 



Joseph M. Devine 1899-00 

David Bartlett 1 . . . 1901-02 

David Bartlett 1903-04 

David x>artlett 1905-06 

R. S. Lewis 1907 



Secretaries of State. 



John Flittle 1889-92 

Christian M. Dahl 1893-96 

Fred Falley 1897-98 

Fred Falley 1899-00 



E. F. Porter 1901-02 

E. F. Porter 1903-04 

E. F. Porter 1905-06 

Alfred Blaisdell 1907 



Auditors. 



♦John P. Bray 1899-92 

(a) Archie Currie 1892 

(b) A. W. Porter 1893-94 

Frank A. Briggs 1895-96 

N. B. Hannum 1897-98 



A. N. Carlblom 1899-00 

A. N. Carlblom 1901-02 

H. L. Holmes 1903-04 

H. L. Holmes 1905-06 

H. L. Holmes 1907 



•Resigned. 

(a) Appointed to fill 



vacancy, September 10, 1892. 

Treasurers. 



L. E. Booker 1889-92 

(b) Knud J. Nomland ..1893-94 

George E. Nichols 1895-96 

George E. Nichols 1897-98 

D. W. DriscoU 1899-00 



D. H. McMillan 1901-02 

D. H. McMillan 1903-04 

Albert Peterson 1905-06 

Albert Peterson 1907 



Attorney Generals. 



George F. Goodwin 1889-90 

C. A. M. Spencer 1891-92 

(b) W. H. Standish 1893-94 

John F. Cowan 1895-96 

John F. Cowan 1897-98 



John F. Cowan 1899-00 

O. D. Comstock 1901-02 

C. N. Frich 1903-04 

C. N. Frich 1905-06 

T. F. McCue 1907 



(b) Democrats. All others republicans. 



rv 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Sii^^mtcndents of Public Instruction. 






'*. 



a^ MiKiigU 1889-90 

'; C*i.t*i> 1890 

Ov^ui 1891-92 

+ ..»».* J. Kii^nhuth.. 1893-94 

* a, Batt^ 1895-96 

G. HaliaiiJ 1897-98 



John G. Halland ..1899-00 

Joseph M. Devine 1901-02 

W. L. Stockwcll 1903-04 

W. L. Stockwell 1905-06 

W. L. , Stockwell 1907 



'Wutwu Mitchell died March 10, 

V .luvd to rill the unexpired term. 



1890, and W. J. Clapp was ap- 



Qt^mmissioners of Agriculture and Labor. 



U. 
vt>) 
A. 
U. 

n. 



r. Helgeson 1889-92 

*Nelson Williams ...1893-94 

H. LaughUn 1895-96 

U. Thomas ......... 1897-98 

U. Thomas ...... 1899-00 

\i>l>umtcd; Adams, who was ( 



R. T. Turner 1901-02 

R. J. Turner 1903-04 

W. C. Gilbreath 1905-06 

W. C. Gilbreath 1907 

ected, failed to qualify. 



Commissioners of Insurance. 



v\h' ^'arey 1889-92 

Jf>) Tames Cudhie 1898-94 

{;ica B. Fanchcr 1895-96 

fled B. Fancher 1897-98 

Utorge W. Harrison 1899-00 



Ferdinand Leutz 1901-02 

Ferdinand Leutz 1908-04 

E. C. Cooper 1905-06 

E. C. Cooper 1907 



Commissioners of Railroads. 



^r^% S. Montgomery 1889-90 

\- >?. Underhill 1889-90 

i>avid Bartlett 1889-90 

Geo. H. Walsh 1891-92 

Vjco. Harmon 1891-92 

f *\^rew Slotten 1891-92 

/Kx K^'^*" Cameron 1893-94 

\ul S^** Stevens 1893-94 

(l>) Nela P. Rasmussen ..1893-94 

John W. Currie 1895-96 

.1 ohu Wamberg 1895-96 

^leo. H. Keyes 1895-96 

^*eo. H. Keyes 1897-98 

L. L. Walton 1897-98 

J. H. Gibson 1897-98 



John Simons 1899-00 

L. L. Walton 1899-00 

Henry Erickson 1899-00 



F. 
F. 

k 

J. 



C. 
J. 

c. 

A. 

C. S. 

Erick 

John 

C. S. 

Erick 

Simon 



Shea 1901-02 

Youngblood 1901-02 

Lord 1901-02 

Shea 1908-04 

Lord , 1903-04 

Schatz 1908-04 

Deisem 1905-06 

Stafne 1906-06 

Christianson 1905-06 

Deisem 1907 

Stafne 1907 

Westby 1907 



Judges of Supreme Court. 

At the first state election, October, 1889, Guy C. H. Corliss, Al- 
fred Wallin and Joseph M. Bartholomew, were elected judges of 
the supreme court for terms, respectively, three, five and seven 
years, and by lot it was determined that Judge Corliss should 
serve the three years term. Judge Bartholomew for five years and 
Judge Wallin for seven years. Each served and others have been 
elected as follows: 

Guy C. H. Corliss, of Grand Forks, for the term of six years com- 
mencing December. 1893. 

J. Nf. Bartholomew, of LaMoure, for the term of six years com- 
mencing December, 1895. 

Alfred Wallin, of Fargo, for the term of six years commencing 
December, 1897. 

N. C. Young, of Fargo, for the term of six years, commencing De- 
cember, 1898. Ke-elected for the term of six years commencing Decem- 
ber, 1004. Resigned, 1906. 

(b) Democrats. All others republicans. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 139 

Guy C. H. Corliss resigned 1898 and N. C. Young was ap- 
pointed to fill the unexpired term, and then elected in 1898. 

(b) David Morgan, of Devils Lake, for the term of six years com- 
mencing December, 1900. Re-elected in 1906. 

John M. Cochrane, of Grand Forks, for the term of six years com- 
mencing December, 1902. Died July 20, 1904. Edward Engerud 
of Fargo, was appointed to fill unexpired term. 

Edward Engerud, of Fargo, for the term of six years commencing 
December, 1904. Resigned, 1907. 

John Kanuf, Jamestown, appointed to succeed N. C. Young, re- 
signed. Served until December 15, 1906. 

(b) C. J. Fisk, Grand Forks, elected 1906, to fill unexpired term 
of N. C. Young. 

B. F. Spalding, Fargo, appointed 1907, to fill unexpired term of 
Edward Engerud. 

Judges of District Courts. 

Terms expire 

First District— (b) Charles F. Templeton 1896 

First District— (b) Charles J. Fisk* 1908 

First District— (b) Charles F. Templeton** 1908 

Second District — (b) David E. Morgan 1900 

Second • District — John Cowan 1908 

Third District— (b) Vvm. B. McConnell 1896 

Third District— Charles A. Pollock 1908 

Fourth District— W. S. Lauder 1906 

Fourth District— Frank P. Allen 1908 

Fifth District— (b) Roderick Rose 1896 

Fifth District— S. L. Glaspell 1906 

Fifth District— Edward T. Burke 1908 

Sixth District— W. H. Winchester 1908 

Seventh District— Q. E. Sauter 1900 

Seventh District — ^W. J. Kneeshaw 1908 

Eighth District— L. J. Palda 1904 

Eighth District— E. B. Goss 1908 

(b) Democrats. All others republicans. 
* Appointed judge supreme court, 1906. 

** Appointed to fill vacancy by election of C. J. Fisk to supreme 
court. 

LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLIES SINCE STATEHOOD. 

pirst Session — 1889-90. 

Convened November 19, 1889, and adjourned March 18, 1900. The 
membership was as follows: 

Senate. 

Lieutenant Governor Alfred Dickey, President. 
C. C. Bowsfield, Secretary. 

JIEMBERS. 

Judson LaMoure, . Andrew Slotten, F. G. Barlow, 

*A. F. Appleton, Andrew Helgeson, Bailey Fuller, 

Roger Allin, Andrew Sandager, H. S. Deisem, 

♦James H. Bell, Samuel A. Fisher, *M. E. Randall, 

J. E. Stevens, J. O. Smith, J. H. Worst, 

•M. L. McCormack, D. S. Dodds, C. B. Little, 

Geo. B. Winship, •John McBride, Anton Svensrud, 

W. H. Robinson, ♦R. D. Cowan, E. H. Belyea, 

John E. Haggart, E. L. Yeager, George Harmon, 

H. J. Rowe, W. E. Swanston, N. C. Lawrence, 
♦H. R. Hartman, 

•Democrats. AH others republicans. 



140 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



• House. 

David B. \Vellman, Speaker. 
J. G. Hamilton, Chief Clerk. 



John H. Watt, 
K. B. Richardson, 
•H. L. Norton, 
John Stadleman, 
John H. McCullough, 
A. N. Foss, 
John Montgomery, 
A. O. Haugerud, 
Alex. Thomson, 
Franklin Estabrook, 
Nels Tangberg, 
Geo. H. Walsh, 
*L. F. Zimmer, 
A. P. Haugen, 
Ole T. Gronli. 
Roderick T. Johnson, 
•O. T. Jahr, 
J. F. Selby. 
H. H. Strom, 

E. S. Tyler, 

F. J. Thompson, 



MEMBERS. 

Eli D. Mclntyre, 
N. B. Pinkham, 
John O. Bye, 
H. D. Court, 
Frank J. Langer, 
W. W. Beard. 
R. H. Hankinson, 
R. N. Ink, 
A. O. Heglie. 
E. W. Bowen, 
W. S. Buchanan, 
R. N. Stevens, 
J. L. Green, 
Duncan McDonald, 
C. T. Christianson. 
W. H. H. Roney, 
Chris. Balkan, 
Ole E. Olsgard, 
♦W. H. Murphy, 
♦F. R. Renaud, 
James Brittin, 



G. E. Ingebretsen, Jr. 
D. P Thomas. 
James McCormick, 

C. A. Currier. 

D. B. Wellman. 
Luther L. Walton« 
Geo. Lutz, 

John Milsted, 
L. A. Ueland, 
W. B. Allen. 
A. T. Cole. 
Geo. W Lilly. 
W. L. Belden. 

E. A. Williams, 
Geo. W. Rawlings, 
James Reed, 

A. C. Nedrud, 
A. W. Hoyt. 
P. B. Wickham, 
C. C. Moore, 



Second Session — 1891-3. 

Convened January 6, 1891, and adjourned March 6. 
bership was as follows: 

Senate, 

Lieutenant Governor Roger Allin, President. 
C. C. Bowsfield, Secretary. 



The mem- 



Judson LaMoure, 
L. Cashel, 
*John Bjorgo, 
N. B. Pinkham. 
(a) Magnus Nelson, 
F. G. Enger. 
Andrew Bisbee. 
•J M. Patch. 
David P Kuhn, 
Anton Svensrud, 



MEMBERS. 

*S. B. Brynjolfson, 
H. F. Arnold. 
Rodei^ick Johnson, 

A. H. Lowry. 
•M. L. Engle. 

(a) S. Svennungscn, 
Frank Palmer, 

B. W. Fuller, 
J. H. Worst, 
James Johnson, 

A. C. McGillivray, 



John Almen, 

*M. L. McCormack, 

lohn Haggart, 

R. N. Ink, 

J. S. Weiser. 

•John Bidlake. 

James McCormicki 

*E. M. Kinter. 

C. B. Little, 

Jos. Miller, 



•Democrats, (a) Independents and Farmers' Alliance. All otben 
republicans. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



141 



House. 

VV. B. Allen, Speaker. 
J. G. Hamilton. Chief Clerk. 



•Patrick Horgan, 
Jacob Grabcr, 
•Chas. Ebbighausen, 
C. A. Burton, 
Jos. C. Colosky, 
O. S. Wallin, 
A. Hanson. 
E. H. Holte, 
G. N. Smith, 
•Peter S. Larson, 
(a) John £. Hodgson, 
L. C. Hill, 
W. J. Skinner, 
Fred Dennett, 
L. P. Havrevold, 
H. A. Noltimier, 
•Geo. Lut2, 
W. B. Allen, 
G. H. Fay, 
John A. Davis, 
Wm. McKendry, 



MEMBERS. 

S. L. Haight, 

A. N. Foss, 

•E. E. Daily. 

G. G. Beardslcy, 

W. H. Brown. 

Louis Thompson, 

A. L. Loomis, 

D. C. Tufts, 

J. C. Gill, 

*J. W. Cope, 

(a) K. Peabody, 

C. J. Christiansen, 

(a) W. T. McCulloch. 

•01c Axvig, 

Chas. A. Erickson, 

L. L. Walton, 

•E. T. Kearney, • 

John S. Ritchie, 

Wm. Oscar Ward, 

John Satterlund, 

•J. A. Farrah, 



Arnie Bjornsoti, 
*James Douglas, 
♦W. H. Daniel, 
•M. F. Williams, 
•D. C. Cunningham^ 
H. H. Strom, 
George Osgood, 
H. M. Peterson, 
J. Moody Watson, 
*M. N. Triplett, 
Harry S. Oliver, 
Frank White, 
(a) J. P. Lamb,, 
*Tohn Burke, 
*J. V. Brooke, 
•Ralph' Hall, 
Geo. K. Loring, 
Chas. Fiske, 
Fred. Holritz. 



•Democrats, (a) Independents and Farmers* Alliance. All others 
republicans. 

Extra Session. 

The second legislative assembly met in special session June 1 to 
June 3, 1892, inclusive, for the purpose of passing acts providing for 
the election of presidential electors and state, district and county 
officers; to create a state board of canvassers; to govern contests in 
election of presidential electors; to make appropriation for North Da- 
kota exhibit and building at World's Fair. 

Third Session — 1894. 

Convened January 8, 1893, and adjourned March S, 1893. 

Senate, 

Lieutenant Governor Elmer D. Wallace, President. 
Fred Falley, Secretary. 



Judson LaMoure, 
♦S. B. Brynjolfson, 
(a) William Hillier, 
T. L. Cashel. 
H. F. Arnold, 
•M. L. McCormack, 
John A. Sorley, 
John Haggart, 
Roderick Johnson, 
N. B. Pinkham, 



MEMBERS. 

R. N. Ink, 

(a) Richard McCarten, 

*M. L. Engle, 

Frank White, 

F. C. Enger, 

(a) J. P. Lamb, 

•Tohn Bidlakc, 

•John Burke, 

Frank Palmer, 

E. P. Day, 

E. Young, 



•J. M. Patch, 
Bailey Fuller, 
*F. M. Kinter, 
(a) J. W. Stevens, 
J. H. Worst, 
C. B. Little, 
Anton Svensrud, 
Charles Gregory, 
Joseph Miller. 
A. C. McGillivray. 



•Democrats, (a) Independents. All others republicans. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 





H. H. Sirom. 


•John N. Dean. 




L. H. Larso^ 


A. V. Benedict, 




0. S. Wallin. 


(a) John E. Hodgson, 






(a) The<K Johnson. 




Seth Newman. 


Harry S. Oliver, 
(a) thos. M. Elliott, 




D. C. Tuft^ 




El ling Sevcrson, 
B. f: Rilter. 


(a) Han. O. Hagen. 




(a) P. Kelly. 




1, "A. C, Sanford, 


Wm. A. Bentley. 




•Ralph Hall. 


John Vegen. 




George Wright. 


:ioho A. Davis, 




O. A. Boynlon, 


.Tohn Satterlund, 


•D. W. McCaniia. 


(a> L. A. Ueland. 


J. S. Veeder, 


L. P. Havrevold, 


(a) Geo. W. Towers. 


Lonis Burkhart, 


T. H. Oksendahl. 


(a) ). W- Caldwell, 


L. A. Simpson; 


E. H. Lohnei. 


J. H. Wbhek. 










•Democrats, (a) 


Independents. All others 


repdblitans. 




Fourth Session— 1895. 


Convened Jan 


uary 8. ISBS. and adjourn 

Senate. 


ed March 8. UW. 


Lieuttnai 


,L Governor John H. Woi 
Fred Falley. Secretary 
MEMBERS. 


rst. President. 


Tadion LaMoure. 


A. V. Benedict, 


D. F. Davi* 


<a) James Dobie. 


(a1 R. McCartcti, 


CfaarTes N. 'v^slendnc. 


{a William Hi ]>e 


t. Patrick H. Rcurlre, 


George Clark. 
H. F; Arnold. 


Frank White, 


(a) J. W. Steveni, 


F. G. Enaer, 


John H. Wishek, 


Frank VieU. 


(a) J. P. Lamb, 


C B. Little, 


i,v=sSs. 


•Chas. W. Plain, 


A. L. Hanscom, 


•John Burke. 


C. E. Gregory. 


fi:'c"a'ff 


C. G. Brown, 


H. S. Parkin. 


E. P. Day, 


A. C UcGiUivrv, 




E. Yonng. 






House. 





MEMBERS, 

(a) Tas. T. Blackloi^ W, B. Wood. J. C. Gilt, 

■Patrick Horgan. J. B. Wincman, L B. Hanna, 

(a) Stephen Eyolfson, Henry Hancock, E. C. Sargent 

•Democrats, (a) Independents and populists. All others republlciDK 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



143 



•Thomas Guinan, 
(a) N. H. Rinde, 
A. H. Kellogg, 
Olc A. Rod, 
George Hill, 
Wm. Fleming, 
Joseph A. Myers, 
Peter N. Korsmo, 
Jos. Colosky, 
Nicolai Swenson, 
Rollin C. Cooper, 
Linn B. Ray, 
♦John Flack, 
•James Jennings, 
A. B. McDonald, 
C. L. Lindstrom, 
O. T. Tofsrud, 
R. J. Walker, 



MEMBERS— Continued. 

Peter Herbrandson, 

John 1. Lerom, 

T. E. Nelson, 

U. b. Wallin, 

A. W. Edwards, 

E. S. Tyler, 

N. A. Colby, 

T. Twichell, 

E. Gilbertson, 

Frank H. Prosser, 

Chas. McLachlan, 

Ed. F. Porter, 

J. J. Nierling, 

E. J. Gleason, 

J. B. Sharpe, 

(a) Anarew Smith, 

(a) F. W. Brainard 

H. A. Armstrong, 



Eric Stafne, 
James Purdon, 
F. L. Dwyer, 
(a) John E. Hodgsoi 
(a) John Cryan, 
Erick Gunderson, 
Morris F. Brown, 
*Nels P. Rasmussen, 
(a) John Logan, 
Geo. S. Roberts, 
Thomas Richards, 
M. Spangberg, 
Anton Svensrud, 
John S. Murphy, 
Herman Kroeger, 
Fred Holritz, 
L. A. Simpson, 



* Democrats, (a) Independents and populists. All others renublicans. 



Fifth Session— 1897. 



Convened January 5, 1897, adjourned March 6, 1897. 



Senate, 

Lieutenant Governor Joseph M. Devine, President. 

C. B. Little, President pro tempore. 

(b) J. C. Gill, Secretary. 



MEMBERS. 



Name Post Office 

Judson LaMoure Pembina 

•James Dobie Tyner 

•K. P. Levang Park River 

Georjsre Clark Forest River 

Horace F. Arnola .... Larimore 

Frank Viets Grand Forks 

V*. A. Gordon ....Grand Forks 

H. H. Strom Hillsboro 

T. E. Haggart Fargo 

D. C. Tufts Argusville 

L. B. Hanna Page 

A. V. Benedict Lidgerwood 

♦R. McCarten Cogswell 

Patrick H. Rourke Lisbon 

Frank White Valey City 

F. G. Enger Portland 



Name Post Office 

•Charles Dunlap Lakota 

(a) Chas. W. Plain Milton 

(a) D. W. McCanna Cando 

C. G. Brown Minnewaukan 

•H. M. Creel Devils Lake 

D. F. Davis Cathay 

B, W. Fuller Jamestown 

Chas. N. Valentine ....LaMoure 

Thos. F. Marshall Oakes 

John H. Wishek Ashley 

C. B. Little Bismarck 

A. L. Hanscom Towner 

Wm. E. Mansfield Minot 

John S. Greene Mandan 

A. C. McGillivray .... Dickinson 



•Fusionists. (a) Democrats. All others republicans. (b) Died 
January 9; succeeded by J. O. Smith. 



144 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



House. 

Erastus A. Williams, Speaker. 
Henry E. Lavayea, Chief Clerk. 

MEMBERS. 



Nam» 



Post Office 



Name 



Post Office 



John D. Wallace Drayton 

•Alexander Duncan Bruce 

H. N. Joy Hamilton 

•Thomas Guinan Hensel 

•Jas. J. Dougherty. . .Park River 
♦David E. Towle ...Park River 

•Julius Wirkus Minto 

♦Charles Ebbighausen ..Grafton 

•K. O. Brotnov Grafton 

Peter N. Korsmo . . . .Northwood 

John McConnachie Inkster 

William B. Wood ..Grand Forks 

James Ryan Grand Forks 

Frank Gaulke Thompson 

Andrew Offerdahl ...Northwood 

H. M. Williams Blanchard 

S. N. Heskin Portland 

H. D. Hurley Duane 

Gunder Howard Hillsboro 

O. W. Francis Fargo 

*E. E. Cole Fargo 

N. A. . Colby Grandin 

Egbert Gilbertson Hickson 

T. Twichell Mapleton 

W. J. Hawk Buffalo 

E. C. Sargent Amenia 

R. B. Boyd Wheatland 

James B. Power Power 

John S. Johnson Christine 

R. H. Hankinsoii . , . . Hankinson 
•John Cryan Geneseo 



•John Carlin Havana 

Robert J. Mitchell Sheldon 

E. S. Lovelace Ft. Ransom 

George W. Earl Oriska 

♦W. H. McPherson.. Valley City 
Nicolai Swenson . . . Cooperstown 

L. C. Goplerud Sherbrooke 

•Samuel S. Aas Aneta 

•J. B. Boyd Langdon 

•John Butterwick Milton 

*Qle Syvertson Duhseith 

C. L. Lindstrom Oberon 

C. A. Erickson Rugby 

Chas. A. Currier Crary 

•A. G. Tanton Devils Lake 

E. F. Porter Melville 

H. Peoples New Rockford 

John McGinnis Jamestown 

•Frank A. Leaz Jamestown 

J. B. Sliarpe Kulm 

Theo. Northrup Ellendale 

Eugene F. Dunton ....Ellendale 

Wesley Baker Livonia 

Wm. L. Belden Napoleon 

E. A. Williams Bismarck 

Thos. Richards McKenzie 

F. M. Hammond ...Willow City 

John S. Murphy Minot 

Herman Kroeger .... New Salem 
Donald Stevenson .. ..Stevenson 
Alfred White Medora 



"Fusion democrats and independents. All others republicans. 

Sixth Session — 1899. 
Convened January 3. 1899. adjourned March 3. 1899. 

Senate. 

Lieutenant Governor Joseph M. Devine, President. 

A. C. McGillivray, President pro tempore. 

J. O. Smith, Secretary. 

MEMBERS. 



Name Post Office 

• Judson LaMoure Pembina 

James Fuller Crystal 

(a) K. P. Levang ..Park River 

(b) J. L. Cashel Grafton 

♦H. F. Arnold Larimore 

M. F. Murphy ....Grand Forks 
D. W. Luke Grand Forks 



Name Post Office 

(a) Charles Dunlap Michigan City 

W. A. Laidla w Hannah 

(a) D. W. McCanna Cando 

O. I. Hegge Minnewaukan 

(a) H. M, Creel .... Devils Lake 

E. F. Porter Melville 

•B. W. Fuller Jamestown 



s 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



145 



hfEMBERS — Continued. 



Name Post Office 

F. W. Ames Mayville 

(b) J. E Cronan Fargo 

T. Twichell Mapleton 

•L. B. Hanna Page 

A. Slotten ..Wahpeton 

(a) R. McCarten Cogswell 

R. C. Sanborn Lisbon 

A. B. Cox Sanborn 

R. C. Cooper Cooperstown 



Name Post Office 

J. B. Sharpe Kuli» 

•T. F. MarshaU Oakes 

Wesley Baker Livona 

*C. B. Little Bismarck 

(b) V. B. Noble Bottineau 

•W. E. Mansfield Minot 

(b) J. McDougal Mandan 

*A. C. McGillivray . . . Dickinson< 



* Republican holdovers, (a) Fusion boldoveri. (b) Fusionists elected 
in 1898. All others republicans. 



House. 



Thos Baker, Speaker. 
John G. Hamilton. Chief Clerk. 

MEMBERS. 



Name 



Post Office 



Name 



Post Office 



J. D. Wallace Drayton 

W. J. Watts Hydepark 

J. Thordarson Hensel 

E. H. Restemayer Cavalier 

•J. J. Dougherty .... Park River 

•D. E. Towle Park River 

•W. R. Johnston . . Forest River 

•Henry Ferris Ardoch 

*K. O. Brotnov Grafton 

T. E. Tufte Northwood 

W. W. Glasgow Niagara 

J. D. Bacon Grand Forks 

Alex. Stewart Manvel 

M. Erickson Reynolds 

C. J. Ovind McRae 

* O. G. Nelson Hatton 

O. C. Hauan Mayville 

P. Herbrandson . . . . Calendonia 

S. C. Swenson Portland 

W. D. Allen Fargo 

Thos. Baker jr Fargo 

G. W. Wolbert Casselton 

P. P. Chacey Harwood 

N. O. Brakke Norman 

E. C. Sargent Amenia 

R. P. Boyd Wheatland 

W. W. Tousley Tower City 

M. Lynch Lidgerwood 

A. W. Thomas Seymour 

J. S. Johnson Christine 

A. Peterson Cogswell 



T, L. Taylor Cayuga 

T. J. Dwire Englevale 

A. H. Laughlin Lisbon 

G. W. Earl Tower City 

D. N. Green Valley City 

C. Winslow Golden Lake 

M. B. Casscll Clifford 

*S. S. Aas Aneta 

H. McLean Hannah 

S. Bcrger Olga 

W. Clarke Rolla 

J. Michels Graham's Island 

F. T. Gronvold Barton 

Henry Hale Devils Lake 

H. T. Ugland Crary 

E. B. Thompson Sheyenne 

H. J. Miner Sykeston 

C. A. San ford Courtenay 

O. McHarg Jamestown 

C. S. Deisem ....Grand Rapids 

John Kennedy Oakes 

J. S. Peake Monango 

T. W. Allshouse Steele 

G. O. Gulack Ashley 

R. N. Stevens Bismarck 

Joseph Hare Bismarck 

O. Gilbertson Towner 

P. P. Lee Minot 

D. Stevenson Stevenson 

Wm. Engelter New Salem 

*F. Lish Dickinson 



•Fusionists. All others republican*. 



Blue Book— 10 



146 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Seventh Session — 1901. 

Convened January 8, 1901; adjourned March 8. 1901. 

Senate. 
Lieutenant Governor David Bartlett, President. 

President pro tempore — Judson LaMourc. 
Secretary— George L. Townes. 
Assistant Secretary — L O. Moe. 
Assistant to Secretary— P. R. Rognlic 
Sergeant-at-Arms — W. H. Brown. 
Doorkeeper — A. M. Greenfield. 
Journal Clerk— Mrs. J. M. Brown. 
Assistant Journal Clerk— Miss Katherme Coleman 
Chief Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk— L. D. McGahan. 
Bill Clerk— Olaf Holton. 
Stenographer — R. M. Tuttlc. 
Messenger — Wm. Warren. 
Postmaster — Ed. Parrett. 
Watchman — B. Schmidt. 
Clerk of Judiciary Committee — Geo. Gibson. 
Chaplain — Rev. A. A. Joss. 
Proofreader — M. E. Shirley. 

Bill Room Clerk— Alex. Louden. ^ „ • „ 

Pages— Clarence McLean, Shed Lambert. Grant Call. Jos. Hare, 
Wm. Pollock. 

MEMBERS. 
Dist. Name County Post Office 

1 r Judson LaMoure Pembina ;:;::::: /c?ysu1 

2 rh James Fuller w^ i! * Pflrk River 

3 f O. E. Loftus Walsh ^Grafton 

4 fh J. L. Cashel Walsh TaHmor? 

K .. w F T avavM Grand Forks Larimorc 

6 fhM F Murphy i;!:: Grand Forks Grand Forks 

6 tn M. r. .^lurpny Hrand Forks Grand Forks 

7 r L D Taylor Grand ^^^^^^ .... Mayville 

8 rh|. W.Ames Traill ••••;••;;; ^^rgo 

9 r R. b. Lewis ^ass Casselton 

10 r G. W. Wolbert Cass BuffalS 

11 r F. S. Talcott S^m,"«W Wahpeton 

\l ^^^/^15^;;lin•-;.::::::::i^S-^::::::::::::^•^|^ 

\l rhRicCooV: Griggs ^"^^^^i^ta 

17 r L Swenson Nelson wfnnah 

\l rhW. A. Laidlaw Cavalier ''■'-''-- ^"^^ 

II Iho""'! Hegge ;:;;:;::;;;; ;lenson ::...:..:.. Minnewaukan 

20 rh y. 1. neggc Ramsey Devils Lake 

22 r nTM^ltr ! ! .' 1 1 i .' 1 .' ! ! 1 .* WeTlf. .'. .^ • Bowden 

23 f M: D.Williams Stutsman ^^TuhS 

24 rhj. B. Sharpe LaMoure k'nendaS 

25 f O. E. Geer F'"^!-'. Livona 

^s ^^'^'^^e'::::::::::::'^^ •••••.:.;•.:::::• Bi^k 

8 fli V. B. Noble :::: ...Bottineau Bottmeau 

29 r M. Jacobson Ward iJi^A^^ 

30 fh J. A. McDougal Morton nJrlfin^oS 

31 r L. A. Simpson Stark Dickinson 

r, republican; f, fusion; rh, republican holdover; fh, fusion holdover. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 147 

House. 

R. M. Pollock. Speaker. 

Chief Clerk — Joseph Scar. Ian. 

Assistant Chief Clerk — W. D. Austin. 

Assistant to Assistant Chief Clerk— B. W. Shaw. 

Sergeant-at-Arms — Thomas Harrison. 

Journal Clerk — Wm. Surerus. 

Chief Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk — W. £. Clark* 

Bill Clerk— E. E. Ellis. 

Stenographer — Miss Bessie Waggoner. 

Messenger — Burton L. Weld. 

Postmaster — C. Lisk. 

Doorkeeper — James Flannagan. 

Watchman — A. B. Stedman. 

Clerk of Judiciary Committee — A. M. Baldwin. 

Chaplain — Rev. R. T. Guernsey. 

Pages — Arthur Maaon, Chester Erstrom, Leo Horner, Kirk Noyet. 

MEMBERS. 

Dist. Name County Post Office 

1 W. J. Watts Pembina Hyde Park 

1 I. J. Chevalier Pembina Bathgate 

,2 E. H. Restemayer Pembina Cavalier 

2 T. Thordarson Pembina Hensel 

3 E. R. Swarthout Walsh Park River 

3 *A. Dickson Walsh Conway 

4 *G. R. Gullikson Walsh Grafton 

4 John Miller Walsh Minto 

4 ♦J. H. Parr Walsh Grafton 

5 R. L. Bennett Grand Forks Inkster 

5 T. E. Tufte Grand Forks Northwood 

6 J. D. Bacon Grand Forks Grand Forks 

6 *J. P. Galbraith Grand Forks Grand Forks 

7 Chas. Brisbin Grand Forks Thompson 

7 L. P. Hjelmstad Grand Forks Holmes 

8 Asa Sargeant Traill Caledonia 

8 T. I. Lerom Traill Buxton 

8 G. A. Willison Traill Blanchard 

8 T. E. Nelson Traill Hatton 

9 R. M. Pollock Cass Fargo 

9 W. F. Leech Cass Fargo 

P. P. Chacey Cass • • Harwood 

Thos. Heath Cass Gardner 

E. Severson Cass Davenport 

1 B. Mallough Cass Chaffee 

1 C. A. Tubbs Cass Hunter 

1 John Hill Cass Wheatland 

2 Eric Stafne Richland Galchutt 

2 A. W. Thomas Richland : Seymour 

2 V. Morgan Richland Barrie 

3 H. C. Johnson Sargent Milnor 

3 G. B. Phifer Sargent Harlem 

4 T. J. Dwire Ransom Englevale 

4 L. P. Anderson Ransom Ft. Ransom 

5 Geo. M. Young Barnes Valley City 

5 K. S. Ramsctt Rarnes Fingal 

6 M. B. Cassell Steele Clifford 

6 C. Winslow Steele Golden Lake 

7 C. A. Hall Nelson Lakota 

8 H. McLean Cavalier Hannah 

8 Ole Axvig Cavalier Milton 



» . ^ LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



.^i. 



MEMBERS— Continued. 

'»4.. Name County Post Office 

t ' ^M V ' I cuike Towner Cando 

> \ t^'.r oavold Pierce Rugby 

«* ' uuc:» Michels Benson Graham's Island 

♦ V . W. H. Davis Ramsey Evanston 

I H. \. Nicholson Ramsey Crary 

.' \ >. Xivcn Eddy New Rockford 

. ,* b\ ^."halTee Foster Carrington 

' .< K. H. Keeler Stutsman Buchanan 

.\! T . M. Watson Stutsman Kensal 

; A ^.T. A. T. Bjornson LaMoure Kulm 

.\^ (.leo. Rose Dickey EUendale 

\\) A. Strutz , Dickey Oakes 

,'u T. W. Allshouse Kidder Steele 

Vu G. O. Gulack Mcintosh Ashley 

C 7 Jos. Hare Burleigh Bismarck 

V7 Henry Reade Burleigh Bismarck 

lis B. F. Hammond Bottineau Bottineau 

2U E. C. Palmer Williams Williston 

SO A. M. Packard Morton Mandan 

50 Wm. Wade Morton Wade 

51 W. A. McClure Stark Taylor 

•Ind.-Dcm. All others republicans. 

Eighth Session — 1903. 

Convened January 6, 1903; adjourned March 6, 1903. * 

Senate. 

Lieutenant Governor David Bartlett, President. 

President pro tem — ^J. B. Sharpe. 
Secretary of the Senate — R. M. Tuttle. 
First Assistant Secretary of the Senate — Geo. L. Towns. 
Second Assistant Secretary of the Senate — ^James Twamley. 
Chief Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk — W. E. Clark. 
Bill Clerk— L J. Moe. 
Stenographer — Ed. LaMoure. 
Sci geant-at-Arms — W. H. Brown. 
Doorkeeper — D. B. Wellman. 
Messenger — Theodore Johnson. 
Postmaster— M. J. Freeman. 
Watchman— John Young. 
Journal Clerk — Miss Catharine Coleman. 
Assistant Journal Clerk — Mrs. J. M. Brown. 
Clerk of the Judiciary Committee — Chas. Donnelly, 
Chaplain — Rev. A. W. Hayes. 
Proof reader — ^J. M. Stewart. 
Bill room clerk— L. Wells. 

Clerk Appropriation Committee — J. W. Foley. 

}»4ges— Shed Lambert, A. O'Connor, Walter McLean, Willie Pol- 
lock and Floyd Brown. 

MEMBERS. 

Piit. Nam^ County Post Office 

1 'r J, LaMoure Pembina Pembina 

8 A, Garnett Pembina St. Thomas 

a •f O. E. Lofthus Walsh Park River 

4 • J. L. Cashel Walsh Grafton 



* 
* 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 149 

II *^ — 

MEMBERS— Continued. 

Dist Name County Post Office 

5 "r H. E. Lavayea Grand Forks Larimore 

6 J. D. Bacon Grand Forks Grand Forks 

7 *T J. D. Taylor Grand Forks Grand Forks 

8 P. Herbrandson Traill Caledonia 

9 'r R. S. Lewis Cass Fargo 

10 Geo. D. Brown Cass Wild Rice 

11 "r F. S. Talcott Cass Buffalo 

12 'A. Benson : Richland Sperry 

13 *r J. F. Devlin Sargent Cayuga 

14 Ed. Pierce ^ Ransom Sheldon 

15 'r A. B. Cox Barnes Valley City 

16 Maynard Crane r.riggs Cooperstown 

17 "r Iver Swenson Nelson Aneta 

18 Henry McLean- Cavalier Hannah 

19 'r Wm. Clarke Rolette RoUa 

20 A. J. Kirkcide Henson Normania 

21 "r Henry Hale Ramsey Devils Lake 

22 R. W. Main Towner Cando 

28 *f M. D. Williams Stutsman Jamestown 

24 J. B. Sharpe 'T^Moure Kulm 

25 •£ D. E. Gcer Oickey Ellendalc 

26 A. Macdonald H^mmons Glencoe 

27 'r C. B. Little Burleigh Bismarck 

28 "D. H. McArthur Bottineau Bottineau 

29 •r M. Jacobson Ward Minot 

30 H. G. Voss Morton Mandan 

81 "r L. A. Simpson Stark ^ Dickinson 

32 J. D. Carroll Eddy New Rockf ord 

33 L A. Regan Wells Fessenden 

34 K. A. Fox McHcnry Towner 

85 A. E. Johnson McLean Washburn 

36 G. O. Gulack Mcintosh Ashley 

37 *M. A. Wipperman Richland Hankinson 

38 *H. O. Hagen Barnes Fingal 

39 W. H. Robinson Traill Mayville 

40 •C. W. Plain Cavalier Milton 



♦ Democrat; *r, republican holdover; •£, fusion holdover; **, in- 
dependent-democrat; ••*, independent; all others republicans. 

House, 

Thos. Baker, Jr., Speaker. 

Chief Clerk — ^A. O. Anderson. 
Assistant Chief Clerk— W. D. Austin. 
Second Assistant Clerk — G. M. Hogue. 
Chief Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk — ^W. A. Kelley. 
Bill Clerk— Wellington Irysh. 
Stenographer — Miss Bessie Waggoner, 
Sergeant-at-Arms— Alex. McFadden. 
Doorkeeper — Harry Weiland* 
Messenger — R. M. Wigness. 
Postmaster— John W. Carroll. 
Chaplain — Rev. GuH from. 
Watchman — Guy Reems. 
Journal Clerk — S. B. Donahue. 
Clerk Judiciary Committee — Alfred Zuger. 

Pages— Perry Embertson, Walter Whhe, Oscar Sundquist, Neil Mo» 
Hugh, Ward Preston, Clarence Anderson. 



150 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



MEMBERS. 



Dist. Name 

1 Geo. A. McCrea 

1 I. J. Chevalier 

1 W. J. Watts 

2 John Truemner 

2 P. J. Skjold 

2 C. K. Wing , 

3 G. N. Midgarden 

3 Thos. Johnson 

3 J. J. Ferguson 

4 John Miller 

4 *Nels O. Noben 

4 T. A. Gagnon 

5 T. F. Mooney 

5 J. H. McLain 

6 T. E. Tufte 

6 H. P. Ryan 

6 E. O. Burtness 

7 James Elton 

7 Henry Steinberg 

7 A. E. Allen 

8 Alex. Smart 

8 T. H. Thompson 

9 Thos. Baker, jr 

9 W. F. Leech 

9 A. L. Wall 

10 E. F. Gilbert 

10 Thos. Heath 

10 E. Severson 

11 John A. Hill 

11 B. H. Mallough 

11 F. H. Dickinson 

12 •H. T. Connolly 

12 *GeQ. Hammer 

12 *B. Schouweiler 

13 G. B. Phifer 

13 John Flados , 

14 C. W. Buttz 

14 Fred Underwood 

15 Geo. M. Young 

15 Jos. H. Rogers 

16 M. B. Cassell 

16 G. H. Stavens 

16 T. S. Palfrey 

17 S. L. Dahl 

17 A. H. Smart 

18 Chas. Chisholm 

18 *M. McKnight 

19 C. L F. Wagner 

19 *A. N. Bourassa 

20 E. L. Richmond 

20 N. E. Gullerud 

20 M. Maddock 

21 G. W. H. Davis 

21 C. H. Baker 

21 H. R. Aslakson 

22 *C. P. Peterson 

22 * J. L. Harvey 

23 Anton Fried 

23 Geo. B. McKenzie 

23 Morris Beck 



County Post Office 

Pembina '. . . . Drayton 

Pembina Bathgate 

Pembina Hydepark 

Pembina , Cavalier 

Pembina *. Hallson 

Pembina Crystal 

Walsh Grafton 

Walsh .., Park River 

Walsh ,,,^ Park River 

Walsh Minto 

Walsh Grafton 

Walsh ;; Minto 

Grand Forks Larimore 

Grand Forks Inkster 

Grand Forks Northwood 

Grand Forks Grand Forks 

Grand Forks Meckinock 

Grand Forks Grand Forks 

Grand Forks Reynolds 

Grand Forks Thompson 

Traill Hendrum. Minn. 

Traill '. Belmont 

Cass Fargo 

Cass Fargo 

Cass Fargo 

Cass Casselton 

Cass Gardner 

Cass Kindred 

Cass Wheatland 

Cass Wheatland 

v^ass .j^. ..... Ayr 

Richland Wahpeton 

Richland Abercrombie 

Richland Fairmount 

Sargent Hampcl 

Sargent Rutland 

Ransom Buttzville 

Ransom Enderlin 

Barnes Valley City 

Ba^^^es Valley City 

Steele Clifford 

Steele Hatton 

Steele Hope 

Nelson McVille 

Nelson Michigan City 

Cavalier Langdon 

Cavalier Hannah 

Rolette Rolla 

Rolette Rolla 

Benson Minnewaukan 

Benson Viking 

Benson Goa 

Ramsey Evanston 

Ramsey Devils Lake 

Ramsey , Edmore 

Towner Bisbee 

Towner Maza 

Stutsman Fanchcr 

Stutsman Kensal 

Stutsman Jamestown 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 151 



MEMBERS— Continued. 

^ist. Name County Post Office 
24 O. O. Ellison LaMourc LaMoure 

24 C. H. Shcils LaMourc r.S*^^5 ,^ 

25 Geo. Rose Dickey Ellendale 

25 E. F. Stevens Dickey G'o^" 

26 C. A. Patterson Emmons ^ijP^^" 

26 P. J. Lyons Kidder ^. ^*"f 

27 *»L. D. McGahan Burleigh Bismarck 

27 ••John Bostrom Burleigh Bismarck 

28 G. A. Lillie Bottineau Willow City 

28 Jas. M. Watson Bottineau Willow City 

29 Percy M. Cole Ward Kenmarc 

29 C. P. Lee ' Ward Minot 

29 E. C. Palmer Williams Williston 

SO W. M. Simpson Morton Mandan 

30 Philip Blank Morton New Salem 

30 Chas. Weigel Morton Hebron 

31 Geo. A. Senour Stark Dickinson 

31 W. A. McClurc Stark Taylor 

31 ♦••Frank Lish Stark Dickinson 

32 F. N. ChaflFee Foster Carrington 

32 M. Mattson, jr Eddy Cheyenne 

33 H. C. Scheer Wells Fessenden 

33 C. V. Brown Wells Cathay 

33 A. Peterson Wells Harvey 

34 T. Welo McHenry Vclva 

34 Thos. Oksendahl Pierce Rugby 

34 O. A. Knutson McHenry Harvey 

35 Henry Bartz McLean Anamoose 

36 Wm. Dieball Mercer Hebron 

36 A. Meidinger Mcintosh Hellwig 

36 J. A. Weed Logman Napoleon 

37 Emil A. Movius Richland Lidgerwood 

37 *John L Hanson Richland Wyndmerc 

37 *G. Van Arnam Richland Walcott 

38 S. J. Aandahl Barnes Svea 

38 'C. H. Noltimier Barnes Lanona 

39 A. T. Kraabel Traill Clifford 

39 H. G. Braaten Traill Mayvillc 

40 N. Robillard Cavalier Olga 

40 Jas. M cDowell Cavalier Langdon 

♦ Democrat; 'r, republican holdover; •£, fusion holdover; ♦•, in- 
dependent-democrat; ••*, independent; all others republicans. 

Ninth Session— 1905. 

Convened January 3, 1905; adjourned March 3, 1905. 

SENATE. 

Lieutenant Governor David Bartlett, President, 
President pro tern — F. S. Talcott. 
Secretary — L. M. McGlashan. 
Assistant Secretary — James Twamley. 
Assistant to Secretary — F. W. Kempf. 
Chief Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk — ^John Andrews. 
Bill Clerk— O. J. Olson. 
Sergeant-at-Arms — D. B. Wellman. 
Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms — Ever Wagness. 
Doorkeeper — Amos LaFrance. 



152 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

SENATE— Continued. 

Stenographer — ^Miss Katherine Coleman 

Messenger— Ole Anderson. 

Postmaster — M. J. Freeman. 

Assistant Postmaster — E. R. Steinbrueck. 

Watchman — Frank Bohti. 

Journal Clerk — B. E. Lee. 

Assistant Journal Clerk — ^T. F. Norgaard. 

Clerk of the Judiciary Committee — ^John P. Selby. 

Chaplain — Rev. O. F. Jones. 

Proof Reader— W. H. Pray. 

Bill Room Clerk — Geo. Game. 

Clerk of Appropriation Committee — Mrs. C. S. Budlong. 

Pages — W. S. McLean, H. Hogue, W. E. Savage and Shed Lam- 
bert. 

Doorkeeper in Gallery — E. R. Kennedy. 

Janitor — ^Arndt Mamel. 

Cloak Room Attendant — Harry Weiland. 

Assistant Engrossing and Enrolling Clerks — M. A. Shirley, K. 
Magnuson, Earl Gillmour, S. H. Carothers. 

Senate Stenographers — Miss Cora Simpson, Mrs. Karfie King May- 
field, S. G. Skulason. 

MEMBERS. 

Dist. Name County Post Office 

1 Judson LaMoure Pembina Pembina 

2 *r A. Garnett Pembina Pembina 

8 Thomas Johnson Walsh Park River 

4 'd J. L. Cashel Walsh '. . Grafton 

5 •E. K. Spoonheim Grand Forks Northwood 

6 *r J. D. Bacon Grand Forks Grand Forks 

7 John D. Taylor .- . . Grand Forks Grand Forks 

8 *r P. Herbrandson Traill Caledonia 

9 L. B. Hanna Cass Fargo 

10 "r Geo. D. Brown Cass Wild Rice 

11 Frank S. Talcott Cass Buffalo 

12 •d A. Benson Richland Christine 

13 John H. Dyste Sargent Forman 

14 'r Ed. Pierce Ransom Sheldon 

15 Geo. M. Young Barnes Valley City 

16 "r Maynard Crane Griggs Cooperstown 

17 Iver Swenson Nelson Aneta 

18 "r Henry McLean Cavalier Hannah 

19 C. I. F. Wagner Rolette Rolla 

20 'r A. J. Kirkeide Benson Normania 

21 Andrew J. Stade Ramsey Devils Lake 

22 'r R. W. Main Towner Cando 

28 J. W. Sifton Stutsman Jamestown 

24 •r J. B. Sharpe LaMoure Kulm 

25 T. H. Thatcher Dickey Guelph 

26 •r A. Macdonald Emmons Glencoe 

27 C. B. Little Burleigh Bismarck 

28 "d D. H. McArthur Bottineau Bottineau 

29 H. H. Steele Ward Mohall 

80 'r H. G. Voss Morton Mandan 

31 L. A. Simpson Stark Dickinson 

82 'r J. D. Carroll Eddy New Rockford 

83 J. Austin Regan ', Wells Fessenden 

34 •r R. A. Fox McHenry Towner 

35 Aug. E. Johnson McLean Washburn 

36 •r G. O. Gulack Mcintosh Ashley 

37 Emil A. Movius Richland Lidgerwood 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 153 

MEMBERS— Continued. 

Dist. Name County Pott Office 

88 ••H. O. Ha^en Barnes Fingal 

39 Anton T. Kraabel Traill ClifTord 

40 M C. W. Plain Cavalier .Milton 



•r, holdover republican; *d, holdover democrat; *, democrat; **, 
elected as independent in 1902, but is now a republican; all others 
republicans. 

HOUSE. 

GsoRGB PiSRCY, Speaker. 
Chief Qerlc— Otto Sougstad. 
Assistant Chief Clerk — M. A. Liles. 
Second Assistant Chief Clerk— T. C. Miller. 
Chief Engrossing and Enrolling Clerk — W. A. Kelley. 
Bill Clerk— J. F. Marsh. 
Stenographer — Miss Jeannette P. James. 
Sergeant-at-Arms— Ole T. Grant. 
Doorkeeper — ^J. A. WesterdahL 
Messenger — ^T. J. Hampton. 
Postmaster — ^James Flanagan. 
Chaplain — Rev. A. W. Hayes. 
Watchman — Chas. Hubbard. 
Journal Clerk — ^T. G. Anderson. 
Clerk Judiciary Committee — Chas. Heckel. 

Pages— Ira Herbert, Walter White, Ralph Fisher, Hugh Fadden, 
Earle Hagy, James Brown. 

Janitors — M. A. Skarison, James McDougal. 

Bill Room Clerk— W E. Truemner. 

Gallery Doorkeeper — ^John Stoose. 

Cloak Room Attendants — Herman Melby, Thorwald Torgerson. 

MEMBERS. 

Dist. Name County ^ Post Office 

1 Geo. A. McCrea L embina Drayton 

1 L J. Chevalier I'embina Bathgate 

1 J. T. Briden Pembina Walhalla 

2 Christian Ganssle Pembina St. Thomas 

2 J. E. Truemner Pembina Cavalier 

2 Joseph Walter Pembina Gardar 

3 G. Midgarden Walsh Grafton 

3 H O. Sunderland Walsh Edinburg 

8 John A. Vernon Walsh Conway 

4 Tallack Tallackson Walsh Grafton 

4 W. S. Mitchell Walsh Minto 

4 •Tobias D. Casey Walsh Grafton 

6 Thos. F. Mooney Grand Forks Fergus 

5 W. W. Glasgow Grand Forks Niagara 

5 John H. McLean Grand Forks Inkster 

6 H. P. Ryan Grand Forks Grand Forks 

6 E. O. Burtness Grand Forks Mekinock 

7 A. E. Allen Grand Forks Thompson 

7 Frank H. Sowle Grand Forks Reynolds 

7 C. F. Ovind Grand Forks , McRae 

8 John Oveson Traill Buxton 

8 T. H. Thompson Traill Hillsboro 

9 N. G. Eggen Cass Fargo 

9 W. D. Sweet Cass Fargo 

9 J. F. Treat Cass Fargo 

10 E. F. Gilbert Cass Casselton 



154 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

I 



MEMBERS— Continued. 

Dist. Name County Post Office 

10 Clark Moore Cass Gardner 

10 O. P. Dahlcn Cass Kindred 

11 F. H. Dickinson Cass Ayr 

11 T. O. Burgum Cass «... Arthur 

11 R. G. Piper Cass Leonard 

12 H. J. Arnold Richland Fairmount 

12 W. R, Purdon Richland Wahpeton 

12 C. M. Johnson Richland Dwight 

13 John Flados Sargent Rutland 

13 Chas. H. Cooper Sargent Cogswell 

14 C. W. Buttz Ransom Buttsville 

14 Fred Underwood Ransom Enderlin 

15 J. H. Rogers Barnes Valley City 

15 Robert Clendening Barnes Wimbledon 

16 Nils Hemmingsen Steele Hannaford 

16 John S. Palfrey Steele Hope 

16 G. H. Stavens Steele Hatton 

17 Samuel L. Dahl Nelson McVille 

17 A. R. Swendseid Nelson Petersburg 

18 Robt. Meiklejohn Cavalier Langdon 

18 Dan McKechnie Cavalier Calvin 

19 D. Lemieux Rolette Dunseith 

19 Hillis Kyle Rolette Rolla 

20 E. L. Richmond Benson Minnewaukan 

20 E. L. Baeverstad Benson Minnewaukan 

29 James Duncan Benson Josephine 

21 G. W. H. Davis Ramsey Evanston 

21 H. A. Nicholson Ramsey Crary 

21 Norman Nelson Ramsey Churchs Ferry 

22 Albert S. Gibbens Towner Cando 

22 Samuel Adams Towner Perth 

23 Anton Fried Stutsman Fancher 

23 James H. Cooper Stutsman Courtenay 

23 Geo. Piercy Stutsman Pingrec 

24 Ole E. Ellison LaMoure LaMoure 

24 C. H. Sheils LaMoure Edgeley 

25 Geo. Rose Dickey Monango 

25 E. F. Stevens Dickey , Glover 

26 D. R. Streeter Emmons Linton 

26 Wm. L. Belden Kidder Steele 

27 R. N. Stevens Burleigh Bismarck 

27 M. Spangberg Burleigh Slaughter 

28 Geo L. Lillie Bottineau Sersrius 

28 Jas. M. Watson Bottineau Willow City 

29 "C. A. Johnson Ward Minot 

29 F. I. Lyons Ward Be bells 

20 F. B. Chapman Williams Buford 

80 William Simpson Morton Mandan 

80 Philip Blank Morton New Salem 

^0 Chas. Weigel Morton Hebron 

81 W. A. McClure Stark Taylor 

81 J. E. Phelan Stark Dickinson 

81 A. L. Martin Billings Sentinel Butte 

82 Geo. D. Palmer Foster Melville 

82 Ole Rue Eddy Sheyenne 

83 Chas. V. Brown Wells Cfathay 

83 Herman C. Scheer Wells Fessenden 

88 August Peterson Wells Harvey 

84 T. Vv elo McHenry Velva 

84 C. D. Rice McHenry Towner 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



155 



Name 



MEMBERS — Continued. 
County 



Dist. 

84 O. T. Tofsrud Pierce .. 

S5 David Juzcler Mercer . 

35 John Schlenkcr McLean 

36 A. Meidinger Mcintosh 

3G Herman Hardt Logan . . 

87 Vivian Morgan Richland 

37 George Blake Richland 

37 A. O. Heglie Richland 

38 Martin Thoreson Barnes . 

38 Geo. O. Goulet Barnes . . 

39 H. G. Braaten Traill ... 

39 Geo. A. White Traill ... 

40 W. E. Jennings Cavalier . 

40 N. Robillard Cavalier 



Post Office 

. . . . Rugby 
. . . Broncho 
. . Goodrich 
. . . . Helwig 
. . Napoleon 
.... Barrie 
Wyndmere 
. . . Walcott 

Daily 

Oriska 

. . Mayvillc 

. . Portland 

.... Milton 

Olga 



* Democrat; all others republican*- 



156 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Tenth Session. — 1907. 

Convened January 8, 1907; adjourned March 8, 1907. 

SENATE. 

Lieutenant Governor R. S. Lewis, President. 

President pro tem — J. Austin Regan. 

Secretary — ^J. W. Foley. 

First Assistant Secretary — F. W. Kempf. 

Second Assistant Secretary — George Weatherhead. 

Stenographer — ^Ara E. Waggoner. 

Chief Engrossing and Enrolling Qerk — ^W. P. Thurston. 

Bill Clerk— L. K. Estabrook. 

Sergeant at Arms — ^W. H. Brown. 

Assistant — Ever Wagness. 

Doorkeeper — ^J. O. Rindahl. 

Messenger — ^A. Glorvick. 

Postmaster — ^John McKechnie. 

Assistant — E. R. Steinbrueck. 

Watchman — M. Skarison. 

Journal Clerk — Katherine Coleman. 

Assistant — ^John Swenson. 

Chaplain — Rev. O. F. Jones, D. D. 

Clerk Judiciary Committee — Herbert Hallenberg. 

Clerk Appropriation Committee — N. R. Burley. 

Bill Room Qerk — E. Chapman. 

Assistant — S. Peterson. 

Doorkeeper of Gallery — ^John Young. 

Janitor — P. O. Fossum. 

Cloak Room Attendant— ^Chas. Palmer. 

Stenographers to Senators — Esther Newbury, Cora Simpson, Geneve 
Warner, Karrie King Mayfield, Norman Hall, Anna O. Fangsrud . 
Carrie Morrish. 

Pages — Howard Hogue, Roy Durham, Stanley Johnson, Wells 
Hutchinson, Floyd Hastings, Richard Rial, Earl Hagy. Eugene Mor- 
ris, George Movius, Porter Talcott. 

MEMBERS. 

• 

Dist. Name County P. O. 

1 tjudson LaMoure Pembina Pembina 

*E. A. Halliday Pembina Hensel 

8 tThos. Johnson Walsh Park River 

4 "John L. Cashel Walsh Grafton 

6 **E. K. Spoonheim Grand Forks Larimore 

6 "James Turner Grand Forks Grand Forks 

7 tjohn D. Taylor Grand Forks Grand Forks 

8 H. H. Strom Traill Hillsboro 

9 tL. B. Hanna Cass Fargo 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



S,'"e. F. GaKK"; 


a™. 


P.O. 
Canelton 






.■:■■;:: ISSS^ 


!! &%?,-*».:::;: 


::::::::l^^ :;:;;:::: 






. . . Cooperrtown 






\l g"^rfe«-::: 


Cavalier 


Hannah 


















3 ^T. H. TUtcher .... 
S Aloe. UcDoiuId 






^ij^7„ 


jG^lph 




Bottineau 












































.■■.■■L,i..'^o^ 














CUftotd 


t Holdover republicaoa; 
pendent; all others republii 


•democrats; "holdover democrat.: I iode- 



HOUSE. 

Treadwell Twichell, Speaker. 
Chief Clerk— P. D. Norton. 

A«si«t»nt Chief Clerki—W. D. AuiCio, Oito SougiUd. 
Chief EnsrossinE and Enrolling; Oeik— M. O. CallicklOQ. 
Bill Clirk-0. J. Quamme. 
Sergeant at Arm*— O. K. Hovet 
Doorkeepera-F. A. McDonald, David Haddock. 
UesMnger— R. J. Percj. 



Members' Stenographer — Laiui Connor. 
Bill Room Clerks— C. L. Jones. Thpma* Radcliffe. 
Clerk judiciary Committee— Ed. K. Mason. 
Journal Cierk— T. G. Anderson. 
Aadatani Journal Cl«rk— Wm. Hennessy. 
Janitor*— J. L. Smith, Geo, Fisher. 

Pages— Harold Semlina. Harry Bcardsler, Joel Stebbin*. Arnold 
Michelion, Fred James, Clealer Budlong. 



Neebe 

Neehe 

Neehe 

. St. Thomu 



158 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Dist. Name. County » P. O. 

2 E, H. Resteraayer Pembina Cavalier 

•John Johnson' Pembina Gardar 

G. N. Midgarden Walsh Grafton 

H. G. Hosford Walsh Park River 

*A. H. Walker Walsh Dundee 

John E. Hanawalt Walsh Grafton 

♦K. O. Brotnov Walsh Grafton 

*Tobias D. Casey Walsh Grafton 

Edward Church Grand Forks Inkster 

T. H. Pugh Grand Forks Larimore 

T. E. Tuf te Grand Forks Northwood 

•Geo. Hallick Grand Forks Manvel 

•J. M. Anderson Grand Forks Grand Forks 

Wm. S. Deane Grand Forks Holmes 

Arne P. Haugen Grand Forks Reynolds 

John A. Sorley Grand Forks Grand Forks 

p. J. Sorlie Traill Buxton 

Oveson Traill Buxton 

Treat Cass Fargo 

Dibley Cass Fargo 

T. J. Flamer Cass Fargo 

T. Twichell Cass Mapleton 

10 A. A. Plath Ciass Davenport 

10 Clark Moore Cass Gardner 

11 T. O. Burgum Cass Page 

11 R. G. Piper Cass Leonard 

11 J. R. Collins Cass Arthur 

12 W. R. Purdon Richland Wahpcton 

•L. Parkhill Richland 

•Henry Connolly Richland 

Livy Johnson Sargent 

D. E. Blake Sargent 

C. W. Buttz Ransom 

A. E. Jones Ransom 

Amasa P. Peake Barnes . 

Geo. H. Law . . . / Barnes 

G. H. Stavens Steele . 

S. H. Nelson Steele . 

Nils Hemmingsen Steele . . 

M. A. Shirley Nelson 



2 
8 
3 
8 

4 
4 
4 
5 
6 
6 
6 
6 
7 
7 
7 
8 
8 
9 
9 
9 
10 



u. J. 
F. E. 



Fairmount 
. Wahpeton 
. . Cogswell 
. Delamere 
. Buttzville 
. . . Lisbon 
Valley City 

Leal 

... Hatton 
, . . . Finley 

Hannaford 
.... Aneta 

Petersburg 



12 
12 
13 
13 
14 
14 
15 
15 
16 
16 
16 
17 

17 A. R. Swendseld Nelson 

18 ' U. L. Burdick Cavalier Munich 

18 Joseph Crawford Cavalier . 

19 A. O. Graham Rolette . 

19 Ole Syvertson Rolette . 

20 O. S. Aaker Benson . 

20 H. O. Blegen Benson . 

20 James Duncan Benson . 

21 O. P. N. Anderson Ramsey . 

21 Bernt Anderson Ramsey . 

21 Miles A. Miller Ramsey 

22 Samuel Adams Towner 

22 A. S. Gibbens Towner . 

23 A. A. Monek Stutsman 

23 Will Sinclair Stutsman 

28 H. J. Murphy Stutsman 

24 A. W. Cunningham LaMoure 

24 •L. A. Ueland LaMoure 

25 Geo. Rose Dickey . 

T?. Andrus Dickey . 

' , Streeter Emmons 

Storey Kidder 



Langdon 

Rolla 

Overly 

. Minnewaukan 
Church's Ferry 

Josephine 

. Starkweather 
Churchs Ferry 

Crary 

Perth 

Cando 

. . . Jamestown 

Windsor 

• . . . Courtenay 
. Grand Rapids 

Edgcley 

Ellendale 

Oakes 

Linton 

Steele 



Stevens l"^!<^!firh ...... BismaVck 

Mockler Burleigh • Bismarck 

Garden Bottineau Souris 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



159 



Dist. Name County P. O. 

28 Will Freeman Bottineau Maxbass 

29 C. A. Johnson Ward Minot 

29 F. B. Chapman Williams Buford 

29 Fred F. Carter Ward Flaxton 

30 W. E. Martin Morton Mandan 

30 Jacob Rohs Morton New Salem 

30 Wm. Simpson Morton Mandan 

31 §Thos. Evans Stark Dickinson 

31 A. L. Martin Billings Sentinel Butte 

31 J. F. Brodie Stark Dickinson 

32 S. N. Putnam Eddy New Rockford 

32 E. T. Halaas Foster Carrington 

33 O. L. Jensen Wells Hanrey 

33 W. F. Shannafelt Wells Fesscnden 

J. F. Wake Wells Bowden 

K. C. Wedge McHenry Granville 

34 John Steen McHenry Knox 

34 O. T. Tof srud Pierce Rugby 

35 Johann Schlenker McLean Goodrich 

35 H. E. Mathews McLean Wiprud 

36 Geo. Elhard Logan Gackle 

36 Jp^^ Gicdt Mcintosh Lehr 

37 R. H. Hankinson Richland Wyndmere 

37 "A. D. Hanson \. .. . Richland ....'. Hankinson 

37 O. T. Grant Richland Kindred 

38 D. R. Jones Barnes Sanborn 

38 Martin Thoreson Barnes Fingal 

39 G. A. White Traill Portland 

39 O. G. Nelson Traill Hatton 

40 James McDowall Cavalier Langdon 

40 Robert Griffith Cavalier Osnabrock 



S3 
34 



t Holdover republicans; "democrats; ** holdover democrats; § inde* 
pendent; all others republicans. 



^^, LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



«; lES AND STANDING COMMITTEES 



OF THB 



TENTH LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY 



SENATE 



ORDER OF DAILY BUSINESS. 
\ttci v^vtUiug the Senate to order the following order shall 

(. bVay-er by the chaplain. 

:. (»:iUiug the roll 

X KvNiding and approval of the Journal, 

i, I, Hiuxisned business. 

.4, Wc^entation of petitions and communications, 

u K^^ports of standing committees. 

.. Reports of select committees. 

S, Motions and resolutions. 

*), Introduction of bills, joint resolutions and memorials. 

\0. (v onsideration of messages from the House. 

II, birst reading of Senate bills, joint resolutions and me- 

morials. 
liJ, St\x>nd reading of the same. 

III. Third reading of the same. 

U. First reading of House bills, joint resolutions and 

memorials. 
lo. Second reading of the same. 
lu. third reading of the same. 
Ti. Consideration of general orders. 

RULES. 

1. 'I'he President shall take the chair at 2 o'clock p. m., or 
tlu- hour to which the Senate was adjourned, and call the 
.s^iuitc to order, and if a quorum be present he shall direct 
tlu- Jinirnal of the preceding day to be read and mistakes or 
oiuissious, if any, corrected. He shall preserve order and 
iU\ouun, and decide all questions of order, subject to an ap- 
lual to the Senate. 

J. Seven members may have a call of the Senate, and com- 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 161 



pel the attendance of absent members, until the call be dis- 
pensed with by a constitutional majority. 

3. Questions shall be put in this form: "As many as 
are of the opinion that (as the case may be) say aye," and 
after the affirmative voice is expressed, **As many as are of 
the contrary opinion say no." If the President doubt, or a 
division be called for, the Senate shall divide; those in the 
affirmative of the question shall arise from their seats, and 
afterwards those in the negative. 

4. All motions, except to adjourn, postpone or commit shall 
be reduced to writing if required by any member of the 
Senate. Any motion may be withdrawn by consent of the 
Senate. 

5. No member shall interrupt the business of the Senate 
while the Journal is being read, or when any member is 
speaking in debate, except on questions of privilege. 

6. Every member present, when the question is put, shall 
vote, unless he shall, for a special cause, be excused by a 
two-thirds vote of the Senate present; but no member shall 
vote on any question in which he is directly or personally 
interested, or any case where he was not present when the 
question was put. 

7. When any member is about to speak in debate, or debate 
on any matter in the Senate, he shall rise from his seat and 
respectfully address himself to "Mr. President" and shall 
stand in his place until recognized by the chair, and shall 
confine himself to the question under debate, and avoid per- 
sonalities at?d the implication of improper motives. 

8. When a question is under debate no motion shall be 
received except to adjourn, to lay on the table, to move for 
the previous question, to move to postpone to a day certain, 
to commit or amend, to postpone indefinitely — which several 
motions shall have precedence in the order in which they are 
named and no motion to postpone to a day certain, to com- 
mit, to postpone indefinitely, having been decided, shall be 
entertained on the same day and at the same stage of the bill 
or proposition. 

9. When two members rise the President shall name the 
member to speak. No member shall speak more than twice 
on the same subject, without leave of the Senate, nor more 
than once until every member choosing to speak on the subject 
pending shall have spoken, nor shall any member occupy 
more than ten minutes at the first time, nor more than five 
minutes at the second time, without unanimous consent of the 
Senate; but in all cases the member who shall first address 
the chair shall speak first. 

10. If any member, in speaking or otherwise, transgress 
the rules of the Senate, the presiding officer shall, or any 
member may, call him to order, and when a member shall be 



Blue Book— 11. 



162 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

called to order by the President or a member of the Senate 
he shall sit down, and shall not proceed without the leave of 
the Senate. 

11. Every question of order shall be decided by the Presi- 
dent, subject to an appeal to the Senate, and the President 
may call for a sense of the Senate on any question of order. 

12. If any member be called to order by another member 
for words spoken the words excepted to shall immediately 
be taken down in writing, that the Senate may be better able 
to judge of the matter. 

13. A motion to adjourn and to lay on the table shall be 
decided without debate. 

14. Any member may call for a division of the question, 
which shall be divided if it comprehends propositions in sub- 
stance so distinct, that on being taken away a substantive 
proposition shall remain for the decision of the Senate. A 
motion to strike out and insert shall be deemed divisible; but 
a motion to strike out being lost, shall oreclude neither amend- 
ments nor motions to strike out and insert. 

15. No motion shall be debated until the same shall be 
seconded and stated by the President. 

16. When the reading of a paper is called for and the same 
is objected to by any member, it shall be determined by the 
Senate. 

17. The unfinished business in which the Senate was en- 
gaged at the last preceding adjournment, shall have the prefer- 
ence in the special order of the day. 

18. Every bill and joint resolution shall be in.troduced on 
the report of a committee, or on a call for bills and joint 
resolutions, or by a motion for leave, unless objected to by 
one member of the Senate, which shall carry it over for one 
day; and such objection may be made at any time on or before 
the first reading is completed. 

19. Every bill shall be read three several times, but the 
first and second readings, and those only, may be upon the 
same day; and a second reading may be by title of a bill, 
unless a reading at length be demanded. The first and third 
readings shall be at length. 

20. The first reading of a bill shall be for information, and 
the bill shall be presented and go to its second reading without 
further question. 

21. Upon the second reading of a bill or joint resolution, 
the President shall refer it to its appropriate committee, unless 
the Senate, upon motion, decide to refer the same to a select 
or other standing committee, or to committee of the whole 
Senate ; if to committee of the whole Senate, then it shall come 
up for consideration under the general order of the next day, 
unless otherwise ordered by the Senate. 

22. No bill or joint resolution shall be committed or 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 163 

amended until it shall have been twice read; nor shall any 
such bill or joint resolution have its third reading and be 
put upon its final passage until at least one day after the 
same has been reported to the Senate by the committee to 
which the same has been referred; provided, that any bill 
or joint resolution may have its third reading and be put upon 
its final passage on the day the same is reported back, when 
so ordered " by two-thirds of the members of the Senate 
present. 

23. On the third reading of every bill or resolution, any 
amendment may be received and it may be recommitted at 
any time previous to its final passage. 

24. No bill shall be revised or aimended, nor the provisions 
thereof extended or incorporated in any other bill by reference 
to its title only, but so much thereof as is revised, amended 
or extended or so incorporated, shall be re-enacted and pub- 
lished at length. 

25. No bill shall become a law except by a vote of the 
majority of the members-elect in each house, nor unless on 
its final passage, the vote be taken by yeas apd nays, and 
the names of those voting be entered on the Journal. 

26. The presiding officer shall, in the presence of the 
Senate, sign all bills and joint resolutions passed by the Senate. 
Immediately before such signing their title shall be publicly 
read, and the fact of signing shall be at one entered on the 
Journal. 

27. No bills for the appropriation of money, except for 
the expenses of the government, shall be introduced after the 
fortieth day of the session, except by unanimous consent of 
the Senate. No bill shall be introduced in the Senate after 
the fifty-second day, except by unanimous consent. 

28. In filling blanks the largest sum and longest time shall 
be first put. When a motion or question has been decided 
in the negative or affirmative, any member having voted with 
the prevailing side may move a reconsideration on the same 
or following day, but when a motion to reconsider is laid on 
the table, a motion to reconsider cannot again be made. 

29. Before acting on executive business the Senate chamber 
shall be cleared, by the direction of the President, of all 
persons except members, the chief clerk and sergeant-at-arms 
to be sworn. 

30. No standing rule or order of the Senate shall be 
reconsidered or suspended, except by a vote of two-thirds of 
the members-elect, and no motion to suspend the rules and 
pass a bill shall be entertained except by unanimous consent, 
unless the bill has first been printed and considered by a 
committee. 

31. The rules of parliamentary practice comprised in 
"Reed's Parliamentary Rules" shall govern the Senate in all 



164 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

cases to which they are applicable, and in which they are 
not inconsistent with the standing rules and order of the 
Senate, and the joint rules of the Senate and House of 
RepresLiitatives. 

32. When the ayes and nays shall be called for by one-sixth 
of the members present each member called upon shall, 
unless for special reasons he be excused by the Senate, 
declare openly and without debate, his assent or dissent to 
the question, " In taking the ayes and nays upon the call of 
the house, the names of the members shall be taken alpha- 
betically. 

33. In the absence of the President of the Senate, or his 
refusal to act, the President pro tempore shall exercise all 
rights and prerogatives of the President for the time being. 

34. All bills and joint resolutions, after the first and 
before the second reading, shall be printed, unless otherwise 
ordered by the Senate. 

35. There shall be appointed by the President of the 
Senate the following standing committees : 

On judiciary to consist of fifteen members. 

On education to consist of nine members. 

On elections to consist of nine members. 

On appropriations to consist of seventeen members. 

On railroads to consist of thirteen members. 

On state affairs to consist of fifteen members. 

On public lands to consist of nine members. 

On ways and means to consist of nine members. 

On agriculture to consist of seven members. 

On warehousing, grain and grain grading to consist of 
eleven members. 

On counties to consist of nine members. 

On engrossed and enrolled bills to consist of five members. 

On banks and banking to consist of nine members. 

On cities an<i municipal corporations to consist of seven 
members. 

On Indian affairs to consist of five members. 

On statistics to consist of five members. 

On federal relations to consist of seven members. 

On insurance to consist of nine members. 

On public health to consist of five members. 

On public printing to consist of five members. 

On temperance to consist of nine members. 

On mines and minerals to consist of seven members. 

On rules to consist of seven members. 

On immigration to consist of five members. 

On highways, bridges and ferries to consist of seven mem- 
bers. 

On irrigation and drainage to consist of seven members. 

On apportionment to consist of fifteeen members. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 165 

On corporations other than municipal to consist of seven 
members. 

On military affairs to consist of seven members. 
On woman suffrage to consist of five members. 

Also joint committees on the following subjects: 

On public buildings to consist of five members. 

On charitable institutions to consist of five members. 

On penal institutions to consist of five members. 

On educational institutions to consist of seven members. 

On state library to consist of five members. 

On joint rules to consist of seven members. 

36. A quorum for the transaction of business shall con- 
sist of a majority of the members elected to the Senate. 

37. No person shall be admitted within the bar of the 
Senate except the executive, members and officers of the 
House, state officers," judges of the supreme court and dis- 
trict courts, members of congress, those who have been 
members of congress, and the legislative assembly, members 
of the constitutional convention, and all federal officials of 
the state, except by a vote of the Senate. 

38. Members of the Senate introducing bills in the nature 
of amendments to laws now existing shall designate in the 
title of such amendatory act the title of the act and shall 
have printed at length in the bill the section or sections to 
be amended. 

39. All nominations from the executive shall be opened 
and read immediately in executive session and then be re- 
ferred to their appropriate committees, unless otherwise 
ordered; and the final question on every nomination shall 
be: "Will the Senate advise and consent to the nomination?" 
which question shall not be put on the same day on which 
the nomination is received, nor on the day on which it may 
be reported by a committee, unless by unanimous consent. 

40. All bills reported from committees with amendments 
shall be engrossed before being read the third time and placed 
upon final passage. 

41. All reports of committees and motions to discharge 
a committee from the consideration of a subject, and all 
subjects from which a committee shall be discharged, shall 
lie over one day for consideration unless, by unanimous 
consent the Senate shall otherwise direct. 

42. No member or officer of the Senate, unless he from 
illness or other cause, shall be unable to attend, shall absent 
himself from the session of the Senate during an entire day 
without first having obtained leave of absence, and no one 
shall be entitled to draw pay while absent more than one 
day without leave. 

43. The sergeant-at-arms of the Senate, under the direction 
of the presiding officer, shall be the executive officer of the 



166 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



body for the enforcement of all rules made by the committee 
on rules, for the regulation of the Senate wing of the capitol. 
The Senate floor shall be at all times under his immediate 
supervision, and he shall see that the various subordinate 
officers perform the duties to which they are especially 
assigned. 

44. When a member rises to explain his vote upon any 
measure before the Senate, while the roll call is in progress, 
his words shall be taken down by the stenographer and 
printed in the journal; and upon request a member may 
have his remarks upon any question taken and extended on 
the record. 

45. Upon a majority vote of the senate the presiding offi- 
cer shall refuse to sign any bill which may have passed the 
senate, and which the house shall have refused to return for 
further consideration on being properly requested so to do. 

SENATE COMMITTEES. 

Judiciary — Messrs. Little, chairman; Young, Sharpe, Crane, 
Talcott, Regan, Simpson, Cashel, Pierce, Hanna, Purcell, 
Koffel, Movius, Steele, Taylor. 

Education — Talcott, chairman; Sharpe, Kraabel, Young, 
Cashel, McDonald, Rice, Stade, Spoonheim. 

Elections — Hanna, chairman; Regan, Swenson, McDonald, 
Cashel, Stade, LaMoure, Kraabel, Palmer. 

Appropriations — LaMoure, chairman, Taylor, Sharpe, 
Crane, Little, Cashel, Kraabel, McLean, Simpson, Hanna, 
Gilbert, Young, Sifton, Thatcher, Stade, Movius, Leutz. 

Railroads — ^Gilbert, chairman; Swenson, Regan, Pierce, Mc- 
Arthur, Dyste, Johnson of McLean, Plain, Steele, Thatcher, 
Albright, Stade, Palmer. 

State Affairs — Sharpe, chairman; Crane, Little, Regan, 
Swenson, Plain, Talcott, Johnson of Walsh, Gilbert, Strom, 
Rice, McDonald, LaMoure, Movius, Palmer. 

Public Lands — Movius, chairman; Sifton, Halliday, McAr- 
thur, Talcott, McDonald, Ramsett, Purcell, Koffel. 

Ways and Means — Kraabel, chairman; Movius, Johnson 
of Walsh, McArthur, Thatcher, Wagner, Simpson, Strom, 
Leutz. 

Agriculture— Swenson, chairman ; Plain, Talcott, McArthur, 
McLean, Albright, Kelly. 

Warehousing, Grain and Grain Grading — Dyste, chairman; 
Sharpe, Johnson of McLean, McArthur, Johnson of Walsh, 
Turner, Kraabel. Ramsett, Albright, Palmer, Regan. 

Counties — Johnson of McLean, chairman; Pierce, Crane, 
Simpson, Movius, Dyste, Thatcher, Steele, Rice. 

Engrossed and Enrolled Bills — Young, chairman; Steele, 
Spoonheim, Dyste, Wagner. 

Banks and Banking — Pierce, chairman; Cashel, Macdonald, 
Little, Dyste, Movius, Steele, Palmer, Leutz. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA ie7 

Cities and Municipal Corporations — Steele, chairman ; 
Young, Simpson, Hanna, Stade, Johnson of Walsh, Turner. 

Indian Affairs — Palmer, chairman; McDonald, Spoonheim, 
Wagner, Strom. 

Statistics — Leutz, chairman; Dyste, Sifton, Thatcher, Halli- 
day. 

Federal Relations — McLean, chairman; Dyste, Taylor, Mc- 
Arthur, Pierce, Koffel, Leutz. 

Insurance — Simpson, chairman; Pierce, Crane, Palmer, 
Wagner, Little, McDonald, Sifton, Kraabel. 

Public Health — Taylor, chairman; Sifton, Thatcher, Steele, 
Halliday. 

Public Printing — Plain, chairman; Taylor, Young, McLean, 
Kelly. 

Temperance — Strom, chairman; Spoonheim, Talcott, Pierce, 
Gilbert, LaMoure, Plain, Thatcher, Halliday. 

Mines and Minerals — Ramsett, chairman; Simpson, Plain, 
Sifton, McDonald, Johnson of McLean, Dyste. 

Rules — Wagner, chairman; Little, Cashel, Yoimg, Sharp, 
Talcott, Koffel. 

Immigration — Ramsett, chairman; Palmer, Purcell, John- 
son of Walsh, Turner. 

Highways, Bridges and Ferries — McDonald, chairman; Mc- 
Lean,^ Mc Arthur, Strom, Spoonheim, Stade, Kraabel. 

Irrigation and Drainage — Cashel, chairman; Leutz, Plain, 
Swenson,^ Little, Simpson, Sifton. 

Apportionment — Regan, chairman; Little, Plain, McDonald, 
Steele,^ Ramsett, Swenson, Johnson of Walsh, Movius, Kraa- 
bel. Rice, Johnson of McLean, Talcott, Kelly, Dyste. 

Corporations Other Than Municipal — Crane, chairman; 
Movius, Cashel, Johnson of McLean, Johnson of Walsh, 
Reg:an, Koffel. 

Military Affairs — Stade, chairman; Thatcher, Dyste, Mc- 
Arthur, LaMoure, Wagner, Rice. 

Woman Suffrage — Johnson of Walsh, chairman; McLean, 
Strom, Taylor, Turner. 

Game and Fish — Koffel, chairman; Taylor, Gilbert, Talcott, 
Crane, Pierce, Steele. 

JOINT COMMITTEES. 

Public Buildings — Simpson, chairman ; Cashel, Hanna, 
Thatcher, Albright. 

Charitable Institutions — Sifton, chairman; Gilbert, Spoon- 
heim, Steele, Crane. 

Educational Institutions — Talcott, chairman; Kelly, Rice, 
Taylor, Cashel, Stade, Ramsett. 

Penal Institutions — Thatcher, chairman; Pierce, McLean, 
Purcell, Stade. 

State Library — Albright, chairman; Crane, Purcell, Spoon- 
heim, Plain. 

Joint Rules — Rice, chairman; Little, Young, Cashel, Wag- 
ner, Sharpe, Talcott. 



168 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



HOUSE 

1. The speaker shall take the chair at the time to which 
the House stands adjourned, and the House shall then be 
called to order, and the roll of members called and the names 
of the absentees entered upon the Journal of the House. 

2. Upon the appearance of a quorum the Journal of the 
preceding day shall be referred to the committee on revision 
and correction. Any mistakes therein shall be corrected by 
the committee and reported to the House for action. 

3. Thirty-one members of the House may order a call 
for the House and cause absent members to be sent for, 
but a calt must not be made while a vote is being taken. 
The call being moved, the Speaker shall require those desiring 
the call to rise, and if thirty-one or more members shall 
rise the call shall be ordered. The call being ordered, the 
sergeant-at-arms shall close the door and allow no member 
to leave the room. The clerk shall then call the roll and 
furnish the sergeant-at-arms with a list of those members 
absent without leave, and that officer must proceed forthwith 
to find and bring in such absentees. While the House is 
under call no business can be transacted except to receive 
and act upon the report of the sergeant-at-arms and no 
motion is in order except a motion to suspend further pro- 
ceedings under the call, and said motion shall not be adopted 
unless a majority of all members-elect vote in favor thereof. 
Upon a report of the sergeant-at-arms showing that all mem- 
bers who were absent without leave, naming them, are present, 
the call shall be at an end, and the doors shall be opened, 
and the business pending at the time the call was made be 
proceeded with. 

4. The Speaker shall preserve order and decorum and 
decide all questions of order subject to an appeal to the 
House. 

5. The Speaker shall vote on all questions taken by ayes 
and nays (except on appeals from his own decisions) and in 
all elections or decisions called for by any member. 

6. When the House adjourns the members shall keep their 
seats until the speaker announces the adjournment. 

7. Every member previous to his speaking shall rise from 
his seat and respectfully address "Mr. Speaker," and remain 
standing in his place before proceeding to speak until he is 
recognized by the chair. 

8. When two or more members arise at the same time to 
speak the Speaker must designate the member who is to 
speak, but in all cases the member who shall rise first and 
address the chair may speak first. 

9.^ No member shall speak more than twice on the same 
subject without leave of the House, nor more than once until 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 169 

every member choosing to speak on the subject pending shall 
have spoken, nor shall any member occupy more than ten 
minutes at the first time, nor more than five minutes at the 
second time, without unanimous consent of the House. 

10. No motion shall be debated or put unless the same 
be seconded. It must then be stated by the Speaker before 
the debate and any such motion must be reduced to writing 
if the Speaker or any member desires it. 

11. After the motion shall be stated by the Speaker, it 
shall be deemed to be in possession of the House, but may 
be withdrawn at any time before amendment or decision, but 
all motions, resolutions or amendments must be entered on 
the Journal, whether rejected or adopted. 

12. When a question is under debate, no motion shall be 
received but to adjourn, to lay on the table, for the previous 
question, to postpone to a day certain, to commit or amend, 
to postpone indefinitely — which several motions shall have 
precedence in the order which they stand arranged. 

13. A motion to adjourn shall always be in order, except 
when a member is addressing the chair or a vote is being 
taken; that, and the motion to lay upon the table shall be 
decided without debate. 

14. The previous question shall be set in this form: "Shall 
the main question be now put?" It shall be admitted only 
when demanded by a majority of the members present, and 
its eflfect shall be to put an end to all debate and bring the 
House to a direct vote upon the amendments reported by a 
committee, if any, upon the pending amendments and then 
upon the main question. On a motion for the previous 
question,, and prior to the seconding of the same, a call of 
the House shall be in order, but after a majority shall have 
seconded such motion, no call shall be in order prior to 
decision of the main question. 

15. When the previous question is decided in the negative 
it shall leave the main question under debate for the remainder 
of the sitting unless sooner disposed of in some other manner. 

16. All incidental questions of order arising after motion 
is made for the previous question, during the pendency of 
such motion, or after the House shall have determined that 
the main question shall be now put shall be decided, whether 
on appeal or otherwise without debate. 

17. Petitions, memorials and other papers addressed to 
the House shall be presented by the Speaker or by a member 
in his place. 

18. Every member who is present, before the vote is 
declared from the chair, must vote for or against the question 
before the House, unless the House excuses him or unless 
he is immediately interested in the question, in which case 
he must not vote. 



170 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

19. When the Speaker is putting the question, no member 
shall walk out of, or across the House, nor when a member 
is speaking, shall any person entertain any private discourse, 
or pass between the person speaking and the chair. 

20. If a question in debate contains several propositions, 
any member may have the same divided. 

21. A member called to order must immediately sit down 
unless permitted to explain, and the House, if appealed to, 
must decide the case. If there be no appeal, the decision 
of the chair shall stand. On appeal no member shall speak 
more than once without leave of the House. When a member 
is called to order for offensive language there shall be no 
debate. 

22. A bill can only be introduced on the report of a 
committee or on a call for bills, or by a motion for leave. 

23. Every bill, before being introduced, shall be in type- 
written form and shall have endorsed thereon its title, and 
every bill and resolution shall have endorsed thereon the 
name of the member introducing the same, and when ordered 
by a committee the name of such committee shall be endorsed 
thereon. 

24. Every bill, memorial, order and resolution, requiring 
the approval of the governor, or a change in the constitution 
of the state of North Dakota, shall, after second reading, 
be referred to its appropriate committee, and if reported 
without amendment, shall pass to its third reading, unless 
otherwise ordered, and when amended it shall go to committee 
of the whole house. 

25. All bills shall be properly engrossed before their final 
passage. 

26. No amendment shall be received on the third reading, 
except to fill blanks, without unanimous consent of the 
House, but all -bills and resolutions may be committed at 
any time previous to their passage. If anv amendment be 
reported on such commitment by any other than a committee 
of the whole, it shall be read a second time, and the question 
of third reading and passage put. 

27. No motion or proposition on a subject different from 
that under consideration shall be admitted, under color of 
amendment; no bill of resolution shall at any time be 
amended by annexing thereto, or incorporating therewith, 
any other bill or resolution pending before the House. 

28. In forming a committee of the whole House the 
Speaker shall appoint a chairman to preside. 

29. Bills committed to the committee of the whole House 
shall be read, be open to amendment, and debated by sections, 
unless otherwise ordered, leaving the title to be last con- 
sidered ; all amendments shall be noted in writing and reported 
to the House by the chairman. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 171 



30. All questions, whether in committee, or in the House, 
shall be put in the order in which they are moved, except 
in the case of privileged questions, and in filling blanks the 
largest sum and the longest time shall be first put. 

31. A similar mode of procedure shall be observed with 
bills which have originated in and passed the senate as with 
bills which have originated in the House, except that they 
shall not be printed nor engrossed or enrolled. 

32. No motion for reconsideration shall be in order unless 
on the same day or the day following that on which the 
decision proposed to be considered took place, nor unless 
one of the majority shall move a consideration. 

33. When notice of intention to move the reconsideration 
of any bill or joint resolution shall be given by a member, 
the clerk of the House shall retain the said bill or joint 
resolution until after the time during which the said motion 
can be made unless the same can previously be disposed of. 

34. Any member who votes on the majority side of a 
question may move a reconsideration of the same, which 
motion shall be decided by a majority vote. 

35. The rules of the House shall be observed in committee 
of the whole House so far as may be applicable except that 
the ayes and nays shall not be called, the previous question 
enforced nor the time of speaking limited. 

36. A motion that the committee rise shall always be in 
order and shall be decided without debate. 

37. No bill reported from standing or select committees 
or from the committee of the whole shall come up for a 
third reading until the first day after such report unless the 
House by a two-thirds vote otherwise orders. 

38. Standing committees shall be appointed on the follow- 
ing subjects: 

On rules to consist of nine members. 
On mileage and per diem to consist of three members. 
On judiciary to consist of nineteen members. 
On ways and means to consist of eleven members. 
On railroads to consist of nineteen members. 
On appropriations to consist of seventeen members. 
On engrossment to consist of nine members. 
On enrollment to consist of nine members. 
On education to consist of thirteen members. 
On elections and privileges to consist of fifteen members. 
On municipal corporations to consist of nine members. 
On corporations other than municipal to consist of nine 
members. 
On agriculture to consist of thirteen members. 
On public printing to consist of nine members. 
On irrigation to consist of nine members. 
On insurance to consist of nine members. 



172 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

On banking to consist of eleven members. 

On labor to consist of nine members. 

On immigration to consist of nine members. 

On apportionment to consist of a member from each sen- 
atorial district. 

On schools and public lands to consist of nine members. 

On public health to consist of nine members. 

On military affairs to consist of nine members. 

On warehouses, grain grading and dealing to consist of 
fifteen members. 

On federal relations to consist of nine members. 

On temperance to consist of fifteen members. 

On highways, bridges and ferries to consist of nine mem- 
bers. 

On state affairs to consist of fifteen members. 

On supplies and expenditures to consist of nine members. 

On forestry to consist of nine members. 

On public debt to consist of nine members. 

On manufactures to consist of nine members. 

On counties and couny boundaries to consist of nine mem- 
bers. 

On taxes and tax laws to consist of fifteen members. 

On coal lands and mining to consist of nine members. 

On live stock industry to consist of eleven members. 

On revision and correction of the Journal to consist of 
seven members. 

On game and fish to consist of nine members. 

Also joint committees on the following subjects: 

On public buildings to consist of nine members. 

On charitable institutions to consist of nine members. 

On penal institutions to consist of nine members. 

On educational institutions to consist of nine members. 

On state library to consist of nine members. 

On joint rules to consist of nine members. 

39. The first named member of each committee shall be 
the chairman and in his absence or being excused by th?» 
House the next named member and so on as often as the 
case shall happen, shall act as chairman. 

40. The committee on engrossment shall examine all bills 
after they are engrossed and report the same to the House 
correctly engrossed before their third reading; said com- 
mittee may report at any time. 

41. The committee on enrollment shall examine all House 
bills and memorials which have passed the two houses, and 
when reported correctly enrolled, they shall be presented to 
the presiding officers of the House and senate for their sig- 
natures, and when so signed, presented to the governor for 
his approval; said committee may report at any time. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 173 



42. Select committees to whom reference shall have been 
made, must, in all cases, report a state of facts and their 
opinion thereon to the House. 

43. In all cases where a bill, order or resolution, or motion 
shall be entered upon the Journal of the House, the name 
of the member moving the same shall be entered on the 
Journal. 

44. No person shall be admitted within the bar of the 
House except the executive, members of the senate, state 
officers, judges of the supreme and district courts, members 
of congress, ex-members of the legislative assembly, delegates 
to the state constitutional convention, all federal officers of 
the state and reporters for newspapers, except by card of 
the Speaker. Any person lobbying on the floor of the House 
shall forfeit the privilege granted by this rule. 

45. After calling the House to order the order of business 
for the day shall be as follows : 

1. Prayer by the chaplain. 

2. Calling the roll. 

3. Reference of the Journal. 

4. Presentations of petitions and communications. 

5. Reports of standing committees. 

6. Reports of select committees. 

7. Motions and resolutions. 

8. Unfinished business. 

9. Introduction of bills and memorials. 

10. First and second reading of House bills and memorials. 

11. Third reading of the same. 

12. Consideration of messages from the senate. 

13. First and second reading of senate bills and memorials. 

14. Third reading of the same. 

15. Consideration of general orders. 

46. Whenever the report of any committee of conference 
contains several modifications or amendments, any member 
may have the same divided, and the question of concurrence 
taken separately upon each modification or amendment. 

47. When the House has arrived at "the general orders 
of the day" it shall go into committee of the whole upon 
such orders, or a particular order designated by a vote of 
the House, and no other business shall be in order until the 
whole 5ire considered or passed, or the committee rise; and 
unless a particular bill is ordered up the committee of the 
whole shall consider, act upon, or pass the general order, 
according to the order of reference. 

48. The Speaker may leave the chair, and appoint a mem- 
ber to preside, but not for a longer time than one day, 
except by leave of the House. 

49. The rules 'of parliamentary practice adopted by the 
house of representatives of the United States shall govern 



174 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

the House in all cases to which they are applicable, and in 
which they are not inconsistent with the standing rules of 
the House, and the joint rules and orders of the senate and 
House of Representatives. 

50. No rule of the House shall be suspended, altered or 
amended without the concurrence of two-thirds of the mem- 
bers of the whole house. 

51. The hour of daily meeting of the House shall be 2 
o'clock in the afternoon, until the House directs otherwise. 

52. The ayes and nays shall not be ordered unless de- 
manded by one-sixth of the members present except on the 
final passage of bills, concurrent resolutions to amend the 
constitution, and memorials, in which case ayes and nays 
shall be had without demand. 

53. In case all the members of any committee, required 
or entitled to report on any subject referred to them, cannot 
agree upon any report the majority and minority may each 
make a special report, and any member dissenting in whole 
or in part, from the reasonings and conclusions of both 
majority and minority may also present to the House a state- 
ment of his reasonings and conclusions; and all reports, if 
decorous in language, and respectful to the House, shall be 
entered at length on the Journal. 

54. No smoking shall be allowed in the House while in 
session. 

55. No member or any other person shall remain by the 
clerk's desk when the ayes and nays are being called. 

56. In case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct in 
the lobby or gallery, the Speaker or chairman of the committee 
of the whole shall have power to order the same to be cleared. 

57. No member or officer of the House, unless he, from 
illness or other cause shall be unable to attend, shall absent 
himself from a session of the House during an entire day 
without first having obtained leave of absence, and no one 
shall be entitled to draw pay while absent more than one day 
without leave. 

58. Neither the chief clerk nor his assistant shall permit 
any records or papers belonging to the House to be taken 
out of their custody otherwise than in the regular course of 
business. The chief clerk shall report all missing bills, reso- 
lutions and papers to the Speaker; shall have general super- 
vision of all clerical duties appertainincr to the business of 
the House; shall perform, under the direction of the Speaker, 
all duties pertaining to the office, and shall also keep a book 
showing the situation and progress of all the bills, memorials 
and joint resolutions. 

59. At least one day's notice shall be given of the intro- 
duction of any motion or resolution calling for or involving 
the expenditure of any money. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 175 

60. The chairmen of the different standinja: committees 
shall send to the chief clerk's desk, to be read previous to 
adjournment, notice of the time and place of meeting of 
such committee. 

HOUSE CX>MMITTEES. 

Rules — Stevens, chairman; Sorley of Grand Forks, Casey, 
Burgum, Buttz, Peake, Shirley, Chapman, White. 

Mileage and Per Diem — Watts, chairman; Law, Evans, 

Judiciary — Sorley of Grand Forks, chairman; Casey, Stev- 
ens, Buttz, Johnson of Ward, Pugh, Shirley, Burdick, Mock- 
ler, Watts, Tufte, Sorlie of Traill, Piper, Connolly, Bemt 
Anderson of Ramsey, Ueland, White, Griffith, Rose. 

Ways and Means — Brotnov, chairman; Nelson of Traill, 
Moore, Buttz, Hemmingsen, Shirley, Putnam, Wake, Mathews, 
Thoreson, Johnson of Pembina. 

Railroads — White, chairman; Burgum, Welford, Hanawalt, 
Oveson, Dibley, Parkhill, Syvertson, Aaker, Adams, Murphy, 
Cunningham, Garden, Halaas, Walker, Steen, Giedt, Thoreson, 
Griffith. 

Appropriations — Peake, chairman; Casey, Treat, Welford, 
Anderson of Grand Forks, Moore, Purdon, Jones of Ransom, 
O. P. N. Anderson of Ramsey, Sinclair, Ueland, Rose, Stev- 
ens, Garden, Martin of Morton, Brodie, Nelson of Traill. 

Engrossment — Aaker, chairman; Brotnov, Anderson of 
Grand Forks, Swendseid, Sinclair, Andrus, Rohs, Wedge, 
Elhard. 

Enrollment — Pugh, chairman; Putnam, Hankinson, Johnson 
of Sargent, Syvertson, Adams, Streeter, Freeman, Simpson. 
. Education — Casey, chairman; Anderson of Grand Forks, 
Wedcre, Walker, Putnam, Johnson of Ward, Streeter, O. P. N. 
Anderson of Ramsey, Evans, Crawford, Swendseid, Blake, 
Pugh. 

Elections and Privileges — Shirley, chairman; Watts, 
Walker, Sorley of Grand Forks, Casey, Halaas, Garden, 
Streeter, Gibbons, Bemt Anderson of Ramsey, Blegen, Gra- 
ham, Stavens, Piper, Johnson of Pembina. 

Mnunicipal Corporations — Treat, chairman; Pugh, Purdon, 
Peake, Stevens, Johnson of Ward, Brodie, Ganssle, Anderson 
of Grand Forks. 

Corporations Other Than Municipal — Jensen, chairman* 
Johnson of Pembina, Hosford, Dean, Flamer, Parkhill, 
Murphy, Schlenker, Jones of Barnes. 

Agriculture — Swendseid, chairman; Nelson of Steele, John- 
son of Sargent, Collins, Oveson, Hallick, Blegen, Grant, Han- 
kinson, Mathews, Duncan, Carter, Brotnov. 

Public Printing — Tufte, chairman ; Gibbons, Streeter, Col- 
lins, Burdick, Simpson, Oveson, Walker, Restemayer. 

Irrigation — Halaas. chairman ; Duncan, Stevens, Freeman, 
Johnson of Ward, Chapman, Simpson, Evans, Schlenker. 



176 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Insurance — Midgarden, chairman; Moore, Restemayer, 
Haugen, Dibley, Andrus, Griffith, Shannafelt, Jensen. 

Labor — Storey, chairman; Freeman, Monek, Crawford, Nel- 
son of Steele, Parkhili, Flamer, Hallick, Morin. 

Immigration — Burdick, chairman; Brodie, Church, Flamer, 
Simpson, Mathews, Hankinson, Grant, Griffith. 

'Apportionment — Putnam, chairman; Tufte, Restemayer, 
Hosford, Casey, Morin, Anderson of Grand Forks, Haugen, 
Sorlie of Traill, Dibley, Plath, Piper, Connolly, Blake, Jones 
of Ransom, Law, Stavens, Swendseid, Crawford, Graham, 
Duncan, O. P. N. Anderson of Ramsey, Gibbons, Monek, 
Ueland, Andrus, Storey, Mockler, Freeman, Johnson of Ward, 
Rohs, Evans, Shanafelt, Tofsrud, Schlenker, Elhard, Hanson, 
Jones of Barnes, White, McDowall. 

School and Public Lands — Sorlie of Traill, chairman; 
Plath, Halaas, Hemmingsen, Miller, Carter, Martin of Bil- 
lings, Putnam, Steen. 

Public Health — Garden, chairman; Dibley, Connolly, Sta- 
vens, Murphy, Martin of Morton, Halaas, Johnson of Pem- 
bina, Walker. 

Military Affairs — Purdon, chairman; Peake, Treat, Jones 
of Ransom, Monek, Rose, Johnson of Ward, Brodie, Mid- 
garden. 

Warehouses and Grain Grading — Piper, chairman; Brotnov, 
Church, Plath, Law, Griffith, Jones of Barnes, Giedt, Wedge, 
Carter, Storey, Miller, Blegen, Syvertson, Swendseid. 

Temperance — Haugen, chairman; Jones of Barnes, Nelson 
of Traill, McDowall, Parkhili, Moore, Hemmingsen, Blegen, 
Andrus, Rohs, Elhard, Oveson, Church. 

Highways, Bridges and Ferries — Blake, chairman; Miller, 
Dibley, Morin, Law, Storey, Hemmingsen, Chapman, Steen. 

State Affairs — O. P. N. Anderson of Ramsey, chairman; 
Rohs, Tufte, Nelson of Traill, Hanson of Richland, Jensen, 
Martin of Morton, Graham, Jones of Ransom, Purdon, Bur- 
gum, Plath, Restemayer, Midgarden, Haugen. 

Supplies and Expenditures — Blegen, chairman; Dean, Nel- 
son of Steele, Church, Syvertson, Shannafelt, Thoreson, Mc- 
Dowall, Johnson of Pembina. 

Forestry — Syvertson, chairman; Collins, Johnson of Sar- 
gent, Garden, Dean, Steen, Freeman, Hanson, Giedt. 

Public Debt — Hanawalt, chairman; Watts, Mathews, Tofs- 
rud, Sinclair, Aaker, Buttz, Flamer, Sorley of Grand Forks. 

Manufactures — Connolly, chairman; Hallick, Treat, Miller, 
Murphy, Mockler, Simpson, Evans, Brotnov. 

Counties and County Boundaries — Bemt Anderson of Ram- 
sey, chairman; Carter, Evans, Shannafelt, Elhard, Burdick, 
Ganssle, Law, Schlenker. 



STATE OF NORTH t>AKOTA 177 



Taxes and Tax Laws — Tofsrud, chairman; Ganssle, Grant, 
Halaas, Martin of Billings, Simpson, Andrus, Gibbons, Aaker, 
Nelson of Steele, Stavens, Collins, Sorley of Grand Forks, 
Welford, Hosford. 

Coal Lands and Mining — Brodie, chairman; Schlenker, 
Rohs, Carter, Chapman, Freeman, Mockler, Streeter, Monek. 

Live Stock — Duncan, chairman; Cunningham, Adams, Mar- 
tin of Billings, Johnson of Sargent, Collins, Dean, Mathews, 
Grant, Thoreson. 

Banking — Wedge, chairman; Blake, Treat, Peake, Burdick, 
Storey, Rohs, Martin of Billings, Wake, Tofsrud, White. 

Federal Relations — Gibbons, chairman; Buttz, Dibley, O. P. 
N. Anderson of Ramsey, Adams, Cunningham, Mockler, Mar- 
tin of Morton, Hankinson. 

Revision and Correction of Journals — Graham, chairman; 
Crawford, Sinclair, Wake, Connolly, Tufte, Ganssle. 

Fish and Game Laws — Thoreson, chairman; Wake, Chap- 
man, Bernt Anderson of Ramsey, Parkhill, Burgum, Sorlie 
of Traill, Church, Hanawalt. 

Drainage — Burgum, chairman ; Cunningham, Wake, Hanson,. 
Bernt Anderson of Ramsey, Jones of Ransom, Blake, Sorlie 
of Traill, Haugen, Hosford, Watts. 

JOINT COMMITTEES. 

Public Buildings — Moore, chairman; Stavens, Pugh, Cun- 
ningham, Martin of Billings, Johnson of Pembina, Hanawalt, 
Schlenker, Hanson. 

Charitable Institutions — Rose, chairman; Hallack, Flamer, 
Martin of Morton, Jensen, Grant, Nelson of Traill, McDowall, 
Hosford. 

Penal Institutions — Griffith, chairman ; Giedt, Tofsrud, Stev- 
ens, Adams, O. P. N. Anderson of Ramsey, Crawford, Plath, 
Welford. 

Educational Institutions — Ueland, chairman; Ganssle, 
Thoreson, Evans, Duncan, Law, Buttz, Connolly, Piper. 

Joint Library — Steen, chairman; Garden, Monek, Oveson, 
Dean, Mathews, Elhard, Hankinson, Jones of Barnes. 

Joint Rules — Blegen, chairman; Sorley of Grand Forks, 
Burgum, Peake, Shirley, Streeter, Putnam, Shannafelt, Han- 
kinson. 

JOINT RULES. 

1. Each house shall transmit to the other all papers on 
which any bill or resolution shall be founded. 

2. When a bill or resolution which shall have passed in 
one house is rejected in the other, notice thereof shall be 
given to the house in which the same may have passed. 

3. ^ Messages from one house to the other shall be com- 
municated by the secretary of the senate and clerk of the 



Blue Book— 12 



178 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

house of representatives, unless the house transmitting the 
message shall especially direct otherwise. 

4. It shall be in the power of either house to amend any 
amendment made by the other to any bill or resolution. 

5. In every case of a difference between the two houses 
upon any subject of legislation, if either house shall request 
a conference and appoint a committee for that purpose, and 
the other house shall also appoint a committee, such com- 
mittee shall meet at such hour and place as shall be agreed 
on by the chairman and state to each other, verbally or in 
writing, as either may choose, the reasons of their respective 
hauses, and to confer freely threon, and they shall be author- 
ized to report to their respective houses such modifications 
as they think advisable. 

6. It shall be in order for either house to recede' from 
any subject matter of difference existing between the two 
houses at any time previous to a conference, whether the 
papers on which such difference has arisen are before the 
house receding formally or informally, and a majority shall 
govern except in cases where two-thirds are required by 
the constitution, and the question having been put and lost, 
shall not be again put the same day, and the consideration 
thereof in other respects shall be regulated by the rules of 
the respective houses. 

7. After each house has adhered to its disagreement and 
the bill which is the subject of difference shall be deemed 
lost, it shall not be again revived during the same session 
in either house, unless by consent of three-fourths of the 
members present of the house reviving it. 

8. The same bill shall not create, renew or continue more 
than one incorporation, nor contain any provision in rela- 
tion to the altering of more than one act of incorporation, 
or shall the same bill appropriate public money or property 
for more than one purpose. Any bill appropriating moneys 
for the payment of the officers of the government shall be 
confined to that purpose exclusively. 

9. No duplicate of any bill which may have been intro- 
duced and printed by one house shall, upon introduction into 
the other house, be printed by said other house, except by a 
two-thirds vote of all the members present. 

10. No bill that shall have passed one house shall be sent 
for concurrence to the other on either of the last two days 
of the session, whenever a time shall have previously been 
fixed for the adjournment of the legislature. 

11. The committee on enrolled bills in each of the two 
houses shall act jointly in the examination of all bills and 
resolutions before their presentation to the governor, either 
as a body or by such respective sub-committees as such com- 
mittees may appoint for that purpose. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 179 



12. Whenever both houses, by the constitutional vote, 
direct that any act or resolution shall take effect immedi- 
ately or at any time before July 1 following the session of 
the legislature, a proviso shall be added at the enrollment 
of the same in words to this effect: "This act shall take 
effect immediately (or in days)." 

13. Every resolution by which any money or other prop- 
erty of the state shall be donated or appropriated, or by 
which any expense to the state shall be incurred, or which 
shall have an operation or effect outside of the two houses 
of the legislature, ekcept such appropriation and expenses 
as shall be for the exclusive use, necessity or convenience 
of the legislature, shall be either a joint or concurrent reso- 
lution, and shall take the same course as a bill, and shall 
be enrolled and presented to the governor for his signature 
before the same shall take effect. 

14. Ei&er house shall return any bill or resolution called 
for by resolution of the other house, if the bill or resolution 
is yet in possession of the house called upon, and no action 
thereon has been had. In case action has been had, then it 
shall require a two-thirds vote of the house asked, to return 
a bill or resolution called for. 

JOINT CONVENTION RULES. 

1. Joint conventions shall be held in the hall of the house 
of representatives, and the president of the senate shall pre- 
side. 

2. The secretary of the senate and the ckrk of the house 
of representatives shall be secretaries of the joint conven- 
tion, and the proceedings of the convention shall be pub- 
lished with the journals of the house, and the final result 
as announced by the president on return of the senate to 
their chamber, shall be entered on the journal of the senate. 

3. The rules of the house of representatives, as far as 
the same may be applicable, shall govern the proceedings 
in joint convention. 

4. Whenever a president pro tem presides he shall be en- 
titled to vote on all occasions, and in case of a tie the question 
shall be declared lost 

5. Joint conventions shall have the power to compel the 
attendance of absent members in the mode and under the 
penalties prescribed by the rules of the house to which such 
members respectively belong, and for that purpose the ser- 
geant-at-arms of each house shall attend. 

6. Joint conventions may adjourn from time to time, as 
may be found necessary ; and it shall be the duty of the house 
of representatives to prepare to receive the senate, the senate 
to proceed to the hall of the house of representatives at the 
time fixed by law or resolution, or to which the joint con- 
vention may have adjourned; 



180 



-LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



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STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



181 



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182 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



THE VOTE ON THE ADOPTION OF THE CONSTITU 

TION AND PROHIBITION. 

(First State Election October 1, 1689.) 



Counties 



Constitution 




*> 




Jt 




c 


u 


(0 





u 


iS4 


< 



Prohibition 



c 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billings . . . . 
Bottineau ' . . 
Burleigh . . . . 

Cass 

Cavalier .... 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons ... 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure . . . 

Logan 

McHenry . . 
Mcintosh . . 
McLean ... 

Mercer 

Morton .... 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina . . . 

Pierce 

Ramsey . . . . 
Ransom . . . . 
Richland . . . 

Rolette 

Sargent . . . . 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman . . . 
Towner . . . . 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 



1 


,673 




523 




57 




450 


1 


,083 


4 


,049 



684 
1,471 
■ 381 

462 

333 

687 

351 

340 

818 
90 

257 

394 

264 
84 

924 

127 

47 

1,762 

221 

810 
1,110 
1,409 

435 

973 

610 

241 
1,334 

284 I 
1.411 I 

606 I 

350 I 

336 I 



8 

45 

1 

116 

2 

31 

269 

26 

13 

2 

4 

1,930 

150 

3 

11 



1 

21 
660 

30 

830 

1 

231 

23 
251 

10 
177 



361 
47 
93 

462 

2,248 

43 



861 


745 


292 


212 


4 


53 


365 


228 


269 


?99 


1.739 


2.156 


634 


439 


966 


537 


212 


158 


106 


347 


148 


186 


1,534 


1,432 


345 


180 


186 


151 


414 


395 


26 


61 


163 


101 


166 


199 


69 


170 


22 


63 


358 


G44 


540 


276 


29 


40 


1.483 


1,137 


124 


70 


591 


416 


670 


557 


1,011 


885 


112 


304 


620 


577 


171 


394 


444 


172 


509 


809 


148 


216 


1,117 


824 


1,760 


1,132 


220 


138 


124 


190 



Total I 27,441 

Majority | 19,334 



8,107 




17»393 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



183 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOVERNOR. 

1889 AND 1890. 



Counties 



Consrress 
1S89 



tn 

9 
O 

w 
Xi 
•r 

C 

a 



** 

(3 

I. 



Governor 
1889 



• • • • 



Barnes . 
Benson . 
Billings 
Bottineau 
Burleigh 
Cass . . 
Cavalier 
Dickey . 
Eddy 
Emmons . 
Foster . . . 
Grand Forks 
Griggs . . . 
Kidder . . 
LaMoure . 
Logan . . . 
McHenry . 
Mcintosh . 
McLean . . 
Mercer^ . . . 
Morton , . 
Nelson . . . 
Oliver . . . 
Pembina . 
Pierce . . . 
Ramsey . . 
Ransom . . 
Richland . 
Rolette . . 
Sargent . . 
Stark . . . . 
Steele . . . 
Stutsman . 
Towner . . 
Traill 
Walsh 
Ward 
Wells 



• • • • 



• • • • 



• • • • 



1,250 

475 

45 

336 

775 

2,842 
66Si 

1,0SSJ 
240 
392 
237 

2,170 

341 

257 

595 

77 

220 

375 

222 

70 

687 

665 

28 

1,563 
172 
790 
998 

1,194 
289 

1,138 
434 
549 
863 
188 

1,525 

1,837 
292 
190 



446 

105 

14 

303 

310 

1,288 

515 

507 

162 

73 

126 

1,026 

209 

90 

234 

13 

64 

20 

41 

15 

331 

223 

48 

1,217 

56 

330 

252 

790 

205 

110 

170 

92 

547 

241 

470 

1,099 

107 

148 



Concress 
1890 



u 

n 

C 



1 
1.191 


498 


467 


111 


45 


14 


335 


304 


771 


322 


2,712 


1,411 


647 


534 


1,087 


506 


241 


161 


391 


78 


235 


131 


1,929 


1,263 


346 


205 


259 


88 


594 


235 


77 


13 


219 


68 


375 


20 


223 


41 


70 


15 


680 


335 


628 


260 


28 


41 


1,553 


1,241 


181 


46 


779 


343 


998 


261 


1,199 


771 


250 


. 238 


1,027 


216 


432 


182 


546 


92 


818 


603 


184 


244 


1,524 


469 


1,842 


1,100 


296 


114 


186 


152 



Governor 

1890 



e 
o 

(A 

c 



c 

C3 



V 



CS 



u 

O 



970 
428 
17 
297 
72-8 

1,7-83 
587 
762 
236 
334 
206 

1,736 

393 

192 

477 

83 

285 

393 

167 

22 

6081 

534 

16 

1,229 
160 
702 
785 
934 
256 
844 
377 
569 
571 
197 

1,432 

1,686 
187 
176 



499! 
153 

42 
340 
324 
1,589 
673 
490 
187 
221 
139 
1,334 
227 
154 
338 

36 

66 
115 

42 

47 
376 
247 

58 
1,320 

54 
450 
289 
1,032 
292 
320 
201 

76 
592 
237 
516 
1,390 
207 
157 



715 
406 
36 
358 
745 

2,249 
439 
761 
228 
342 
204 

1,100 

386 

244 

472 

97 

140 

373 

160 

22 

600 

412 

18 

1,000 
161 
704 
723 
890 
257 
584 
357 
326 
576 
207 
063 

1,306 
203 
165 



405 
153 

23 
346 
288 
900 
626 
441 
184 
212 
140 
1,377 
212 
120 
235 

22 

61 
106 

39 

47 
371 
203 

56 
923 

42 
340 
237 
1.008 
265 
174 
204 

57 
548 
2C8 
418 
1,293 
146 
154 



Total . . 
Majority 



26,077 
14,071 



12,066 



25,365 
12,632 



12,733 



21,365 
6,535 



! 



14.830 



19,053 
6,449 



12,604 



iKi 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOVERNOR, 1892. 



Countiea 



Congress 



Governor 



P$ 



e 
o 

c 
s: 



c 
ca 

b 



O 



V 



Barnes 


694 


299 


659 


087 


950 


Benson 


424 


151 


51 


408 


210 


Billings 


41 


1-3 


3 


50 


12 


Bottineau 


166 


196 


116 


165 


310 


Burleigh 


631 


277 


32 


600 


338 


Cass 


2,118 


1,322 


298 


2,122 


1,654 


Cavalier 


331 


464 


407 


345 


863 


Dickey 


521 


83 


561 


502 


670 


Eddy J 


216 


146 


34 


204 


193 


Emmons 


278 


119 


11 


285 


124 


Foster 


193 


140 


27 


195 


153 


Grand Forks 


1.579 
263 


906 
73 


712 
261 


1,512 
226 


1,676 


Griggs 


868 


Kidder 


214 


82 


09 


212 


150 


LaMoure 


348 


153 


268 


324 


445 


Logan 


88 


22 


10 


94 


20 


McHenry 


184 


76 


42 


181 


119 


Mcintosh 


283 


48 


71 


273 


126 


McLean 


112 


41 


24 


70 


in 


Mercer 


36 


48 


2 


30 


56 


Morton 


551 


377 


37 


535 


442 


Nelson 


437 


136 


426 


431 


569 


Oliver 


37 


45 


4 


35 


52 


Pembina 


1,013 


901 


697 


1,082 


1,538 


Pierce 


120 


42 


16 


120 


59 


Ramsey 


461 


557 


65 


570 


503 


Ransom 


593 


188 


362 


592 


566 


Richland , 


907 


909 


155 


842 


1,175 


Rolette ^ 


253 


194 


22 


294 


177 


Sargent 


511 


135 


392 


464 


569 


Stark 


325 


176 


62 


361 


207 


Steele 


415 


60 


287 


353 


411 


Stutsman ' 


655 


461 


63 


023 


574 


Towner 


155 


219 


17 


174 


229 


Traill | 


1,151 


368 


318 


1,002 


803 


Walsh 


1,031 


1,263 


836 


893 


2,226 


Ward 


183 


115 


16 


186 


121 


Wells 1 


169 


130 


22 


152 


171 


Williams 

1 


40 


45 


. 14 


42 


49 


Total ! 


17.727 ! 


11,040 


7,468 


17,236 


18,995 


Majority | 


6,687 








1,759 






c 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



185 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOVERNOR, 


1894. 




Congress 

1 


Governor 




» 


a 




o 


C 


« 


C 


a 
o 






b 


r^ 








•H 


Counties 


















\ 


c 
o 

m 

C 

o 

1— t 


u 

'5 




V 

> 


c 
< 


w 

c 


Wallace. 


Barnes 


! 738 


853 


39 


67 


■ 

850 


217 


209 


Benson 


430 


173 


6 


4 


458 


83 


93 


Billings ,. . 

Bottineau '. . 


65 


14 






64 


21 


2 


343 


377 


10 


13 


408 


228 


179 


Burleigh 


614 


384 


6 


21 


650 


202 


216 


Cass 


t 2,003 


1,277 


31 


108 


2,256 


758 


727 


Cavalier 


! 506 


899 


17 


25 


594 


593 


367 


Dickey 


544 


633 


10 


22 


584 


107 


566 


Eddy 


234 


169 


5 


15 


267 


83 


101 


Emmons • 


356 


206 


3 


1 


377 


193 


22 


Foster 


194 


151 


4 


9 


203 


65 


91 


Grand Forks 


1,865 


1,003 


35 


176 


2,155 


595 


713 


Griggs 


337 


302 


3 


11 


345 


44 


283 


Kidder 


i 178 


107 


2 


3 


172 


34 


101 


LaMoure 


443 


345 


8 


12 


447 


194 


238 


Logan 


123 


30 


1 




110 


10 


37 


McHenry 


230 


156 


9 


6 


260 


57 


104 


Mcintosh 


422 


56 


2 


5 


440 


27 


41 


McLean ....... 


114 


71 


1 


15 


124 


32 


57 


Mercer 


106 


12 


3 


2 


111 


5 


6 


Morton 


728 


380 


3 


11 


731 


217 


214 


Nelson 


634 


462 


12 


5 


645 


94 


383 


Oliver 


69 


43 


1 


3 


65 


40 


16 


Pembina 


1,252 


1,400 


51 


194 


1,332 


686 


920 


Pierce 


180 


56 


2 


6 


216 


22 


35 


Ramsey 


804 


389 


24 


32 


845 


296 


118 


Ransom 


665 


453 


14 


31 


745 


114 


387 


Richland 


1,243 


832 


24 


63 


1,351 


810 


156 


Rolette 


307 


178 


3 


15 


328 


168 


29 


Sargent 


508 


575 


10 


28 


577 


120 


515 


Stark 


525 


179 


5 


7 


534 


97 


131 


Steele 


500 


293 


4 


4 


531 


23 


313 


Stutsman 


490 


573 


12 


24 


614 


314 


265 


Towner 


t 259 


167 


10 


39 


277 


192 


29 


Traill 


1 1,315 


440 


41 


108 


1,480 


181 


296 


Walsh 


1 1,481 


1,628 


11 


109 


1,716 


999 


711 


Ward 


1 349 


132 


8 


3 


345 


91 


66 


Wells 


1 *11 


215 


9 


27 


450 


144 


105 


^VilliflTnfi . ... 


1 50 

! 


47 






66 


32 


12 










Total 


i ! 

21,615 15,660 


439 


1,283 


23,723 


8,188 


9.354 


Majority 


4.233 

1 








6,181 






. 









186 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOVERNOR, 1896. 



Counties 



President 


Congress 




» 


c 


5 K 


C 


1 


>> 










u 














c 






c 


c 


o 

(A 


o 


u. 


n 


> c 


.:£ 


u 


t 1 — 


•^ 


S 


PC 


1 ^ 


P^ 



Barnes .... 
Benson . . 
Billings . . 
Bottineau . . 
Burleigh . . 
Cass 

Cavalier ... 
Dickey . . . 
Eddy 

tmmons . . 
Foster . . 
Grand Forks 

pSr ::.: 

LaMoure . . 

McHenry .. 
Mcintosh .. 
McLean . . 
Jjercer ... . 
Morton ... . 
Nelson 
Oliver .*.*. 
Pembina . . * 
™rce ... . 
Kamsey . . 
Ransom .. 
Richland .. 
Rolette .. . 
gargent . . 

fe-; - 

Stutsman ' .' . 
lowner ... 
Traill . 

Walsh •• 
Ward * • • 

Wells •••• 

WilliamV;. 
Majority 



Governor 



I/) 

tut 



986 


1 

977 


957 


984 


549 


227 


527 


231 


78 


27 


79 


25 


369 


389 


378 


397 


729 


338 


709 


359 


3,050 


2,089 


2,911 


2,191 


730 


1,158 


667 


1,175 


619 


587 


596 


599 


278 


243 


280 


210 


300 


168 


301 


170 


216 


143 


217 


143 


2,432 


1,893 


2,191 


2,015 


318 


360 


317 


368 


176 


104 


178 


104 


460 


401 


467 


392 


70 


25 


70 


27 


217 


166 


221 


153 


336 


66 


343 


61 


124 


79 


117 


69 


115 


28 


117 


17 


752 


393 


733 


406 


616 


603 


594 


628 


59 


58 


59 


58 


1,687 


1,807 


1,585 


1,800 


222 


75 


226 


64 


869 


665 


824 


682 


766 


579 


762 


585 


1,843 


1,160 


1,724 


1,206 


306 


331 


231 


432 


587 


636 


582 


653 


530 


216 


522 


183 


572 


322 


572 


321 


705 


578 


671 


583 


303 


394 


265 


436 


1,673 


674 


1,661 


687 


1,707 


2,134 


1,641 


2,125 


299 


193 


263 


226 


584 


317 


582 


304 


103 


83 


93 


83 



981 
537 
80 
376 
763 

3,060 
666 
613 
282 
316 
217 

2,208 
308 
189 
473 
71 
222 
348 
126 
122 
811 
614 
63 

1,467 
231 
856 
768 

1,827 
310 
592 
568 
563 
727 
324 

1,629 

1,669 

276 

672 

93 



I 



(^ 



c 
o 

u 
OS 



991 
543 

24 

385 

317 

2,107 

1,027 

593 

241 

160 

149 

2.043 

357 

90 
382 

22 
147 

60 

68 

11 
354 
605 

57 
2,048 

61 
633 
593 
1,118 
315 
644 
149 
335 
546 
363 
711 
2,153 
197 
313 

89 



26.335 
5,649 



20,686 



25,233 
4,061 



elertJJ* ^There were 358 votes cast in the 

congrel' ^^^ ^*^ ^°*^ ^** ^°' Gordon, 




25,918 I 20,690 
6,228 I 



state for Levering (Pro.) 
prohibition nominee for 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



187 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOVERNOR, 1898. 



Counties 



Congress 



c 



a 

(A 



Barnes 

Benson .... 
Billings .... 
Bottineau . . 
Burleigh . . . 

Cass 

Cavalier . . . . 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons . . . 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure . . . 

Logan , 

Mc Henry . . . 
Mcintosh . . , 
McLean . . . . 

Mercer 

Morton .... 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina . . . . 

Pierce , 

Ramsey .... 
Ransom .... 
Richland . . . 

Rolette 

Sargent .... 

Stark 

Steele , 

Stutsman . . , 
Towner .... 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . . 

Total . . 

Majority 



,151 

691 

89 

509 

706 

,615 
932 
696 
391 
364 
286 

.226 
396 
219 
612 
135 
290 
587 
276 
172 
862 
760 
83 

,537 
326 
604 
758 

.602 
400 
684 
506 
596 
840 
469 

,460 

,583 
400 
722 
145 



27.770 
9,932 



tl4 



V 

V 

u 

u 



787 
304 
9 
472 
231 

1,396 
680 
523 
179 
228 
232 

1,438 

337 

61 

367 

16 

214 

35 

71 

26 

511 

644 

73 

1.077 
115 
774 
601 

1.337 
344 
485 
26ft. 
231 
554 
281 
425 

1,795 
223 
392 
107 



17,844 



Governor 

— % 



o 

c 



6 
o 

a: 



1,167 


819 


732 


969 


92 


6 


514 


482 


778 


163 


2,609 


1,463 


932 


812 


713 


627 


398 


202 


404 


195 


304 


217 


1.409 


2.563 


377 


865 


229 


62 


600 


881 


137 


16 


291 


212 


585 


49 


299 


52 


190 


9 


867 


514 


730 


681 


94 


67 


1,549 


1,237 


328 


108 


771 


550 


779 


614 


1,594 


1.351 


427 


320 


686 


498 


547 


242 


G14 


252 


821 


652 


460 


291 


1,289 


659 


1,548 


1,928 


523 


194 


774 


371 


147 


163 



27,308 
7,812 



19,49C 



1B8 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, CONGRESSMAN AND 

GOVERNOR, 1900. 



President 



Counties 



Si ( 

I 



c 
a 

>» 

w 



Barnes . . 
Benson , . . 
Billings . . . 
Bottineau . . 
Burleigh . . 

Cavalier . . 
Dickey . . . 

Eddy 

Emmons 
Foster . . . 
Grand Forks 
Griggs .... 
Kidder . . . 
LaMourc . . 
Logan * . . . 
McHenry . . 
Mcintosh . . 
McLean , . 
Mercer . . . 
Morton . . 
Nelson . . . 
Oliver .... 
Pembina . . 
Pierce . . . 
Ramsey . . 
Ransom . . 
Richland . . 
Rolette . . . 
Sargent . . 
Stark . . . . 
Steele . . 
Stutsman . . 
Towner . . 
Traill . . . . 
Walsh .... 
Ward .... 
Wells ... . 
Williams . . 

Total . . 
Majority 



Congress 



<a 

X 
in 

u 



1,324 


1.077 


1,285 


1,084 


319 


1,097 


158 


51 


152 


728 


628 


715 


679 


339 


659 


3.485 


1,636 


3.209 


1,361 


1,211 


1,342 


763 


567 


771 


455 


235 


443 


433 


311 


426 


415 


241 


417 


2,603 


1,352 


2,506 


527 


407 


493 


225 


70 


226 


597 


405 


583 


231 


35 


231 


595 


222 


591 


658 


125 


669 


587 


110 


581 


269 


41 


262 


1.056 


536 


1,026 


994 


576 


952 


110 


75 


97 


1.732 


1.321 


1.674 


535 


• 276 


529 


1.147 


496 


1,133 


924 


499 


899 


2,067 


1.399 


1,991 


566 


355 


571 


765 


564 


763 


780 


426 


752 


724 


214 


715 


1,077 


711 


1.049 


805 


454 


786 


1.537 


409 


1,463 


1.807 


1,804 


1,753 


680 


364 


871 


966 


388 


959 


349 


05 


247 



u 



1.076 

308 

56 

630 

359 

1,968 

1,171 
575 
246 
305 
251 

1.554 

437 

80 

432 

32 

215 

110 

104 

39 

550 

611 

7d 

1,341 
270 
477 
511 

1,456 
346 
672 
409 
203 
709 
442 
468 

1,803 

376 

406 

98 



' 35,898 
I 15,367 



20,531 



34,887 I 21,175 
13,712 I 



Governor 






1.527 

1.063 
146 
721 
662 

3.333 

1.317 
739 
444 
415 
411 

2,481 
516 
219 
565 
173 
577 
602 
577 
221 
956 
950 
81 

1.651 
528 

1,105 
903 

1,636 
575 
731 
704 
685 

1,020 
780 

1,339 

1,730 
847 
873 
249 



a 

& 

u 

a 



903 
346 
64 
622 
361 

1,830 

1,220 
597 
249 
323 
261 

1.617 
413 
87 
458 
106 
237 
181 
122 
82 
626 
613 
101 

1,369 
276 
532 
526 

1,864 
345 
609 
485 
177 
759 
456 
594 

1,841 

409 

516 

OS 



34,052 I 22,275 
11,777 I 



Note.— Woolley (pro.) for president received 731 votes: Debs (soc.- 
dem.) 520 and Barker (peoples) 111. For congress Mott (pro.) re- 
ceived 585; Charcot (soc. -dem.) 412 and Blair (peoples) 122. For 
governor, Carlton (pro.) received 560; Poague (soc.-dem.) 426, and 
Major (peoples) 213. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



189 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN AND GOVERNOR, 1902. 





Representatives in Congress 


Governor 


* 


^ 


1 


P< 


Q 


P 


tfi 


P< 


P 


to 


Counties 


















• 




(A 
CO 


c 

is 

a 

C/3 


> 
o 


C 






c 
n 
c 
o 

U 


4-1 

c 

u 

O 


Barnes . . 


1,201 


1,178 


391 


434 


116 


1,368 


437 


108 


Benson . . . . 


1,263 


1,228 


379 


388 


11 


1,207 


441 


17 


Billing's . . . . 


132 


138 


18 


18 


1 


132 


22 


1 


Bottineau . . 


1,144 


1,132 


756 


780 


63 


1,116 


815 


52 


Burleigh . . . 


755 


747 


332 


340 


13 


723 


395 


6 


v^o^o • • • • • • • 


2,255 


2,375 


799 


778 


170 


1,868 


1,416 


154 


Cavalier . . . 


1,266 


1,276 


882 


885 


39 


1,297 


968 


42 


Dickey . . . . 


741 


673 


337 


376 


34 


691 


360 


38 


Eddy 


424 


414 


166 


153 


12 


415 


166 


14 


Emmons 


407 


411 


230 


237 


7 


• 411 


229 


8 


Foster 


472 


469 


258 


254 


4 


409 


339 


6 


Grand Forks 


1,897 


1,995 


907 


933 


69 


1,596 


1,538 


70 


Griggs 


443 


422 


237 


257 


21 


409 


296 


21 


Kidder . . . . 


254 


250 


44 


40 


1 


259 


52 


1 


LaMoure . . . 


630 


606 


269 


311 


19 


593 


322 


17 


Logan 


272 


267 


11 


11 


1 


271 


12 


1 


McHenry . . 


1,175 


1,154 


399 


397 


50 


1,169 


441 


66 


Mcintosh . . 


498 


498 


19 


19 


1 


497 


22 


1 


McLean . . . . 


658 


643 


59 


64 


8 


635 


81 


11 


Mercer . . . . 


207 


208 


2 


2 


1 


212 


4 




Morton . . . . 


941 


951 


398 


400 


15 


922 


447 


14 


Nelson 


883 


880 


404 


422 


81 


838 


438 


113 


Oliver 


97 


97 


62 


53 


1 


100 


56 




Pembina . . . 


1,586 


1,598 


924 


921 


5 


1,685 


1,014 


4 


Pierce 


578 


557 


240 


251 


21 


547 


287 


20 


Ramsey . . . . 


1,000 


995 


241 


261 


38 


975 


293 


46 


Ransom . . 


901 


882 


258 


264 


29 


868 


317 


34 


Richland . . . 


1,609 


1,612 


1,315 


1,338 


33 


1,663 


1,419 


36 


Rolette . . . . 


606 


614 


351 


355 


36 


692 


407 


35 


Sargent . . . . 


725 


693 


319 


338 


61 


690 


358 


45 


Stark 


511 


511 


231 


231 


19 


498 


271 


18 


Steele 


344 


350 


32 


42 


22 


310 


76 


25 


Stutsman . . 


1,013 


1,006 


485 


483 


15 


971 


687 


16 


Towner . . . . 


707 


700 


370 


373 


18 


707 
795 


426 


18 


Traill 


930 


941 


173 


196 


29 


362 


33 


Walsh 


1,505 


1,498 


1,251 


1,281 


65 


1,433 


1,463 


66 


Ward 


1,782 


1,723 


520 


539 


58 


1,824 


607 


66 


Wells 


913 


910 


246 


261 


37 


884 


294 


30 


Williams . . . 


252 


252 


88 


89 


1 


254 


111 


2 


Total . . 


32,986 


1 
32,854 


1 
14,392 


1 
14,765 


1 
1,195 


31,613 


17,676 


1,246 


Plurality 


18,594 


118,089 

1. 


1 


1 


1 


14,037 


! 






1 


1 


1 





190 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



OFFICIAL VOTE FOR NORTH DAKOTA. 

(Ninth General Election, November 8, 1904«) 

PRESIDENT. 



County 


Roosevelt, R 


Parker, D 


Barnes 


2,041 


451 


Benson 


1,111 


143 


Billings 


256 


37 


Bottineau 


2,094 


753 


Burleigh 


1,840 


237 


Cass 


3,788 


609 


Cavalier 


1,664 


771 


Dickey 


998 


336 


Eddy 


596 


162 


Emmons 


653 


281 


Foster 


618 


223 


Grand Forks j 


2,807 


828 


Griggs 


688 


232 


Kidder 


447 


53 


LaMoure 


860 


195 


Logan 


454 


31 


McHenrv 

Mcintosh ♦. 


1,807 


556 


736 


58 


McLean 


1,928 


219 


Mercer 


252 


17 


Morton 


1,474 


321 


Nelson 


1,284 


840 


Oliver 


241 


46 


Pembina 


1,870 


743 


Pierce 


921 


284 


Ramsey 


1,523 


386 


Ransom 


1,257 


253 


Richland 


2,420 
912 


1.116 


Rolette 


366 


Sargent 


1,045 


310 


Stark 


703 


231 


Stee'le 


817 


69 


Stutsman 


1,856 


453 


Towner 


1,022 


436 




1,566 


176 


Walsh 


2,042 


1,113 


Ward 


4,349 


914 


Wells 


1,330 
825 


209 


Williams 

t 


316 


Total 


52,595 


14,273 


Majority 


38,822 









STATE 01' NORTH DAKOTA. 



191 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 

REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS. 



Counties 



OtS 


OS 


c 


Q 


u 

O 


o 


o 


• 


• 




• 


c/l 


(/) 


^ 




• 


c 




• 






H 


(4 


S 


• 


• 


c 


• 


JZ 


c 


s 


u 






>» 


12 


c 

O 

O 


ra 


u 


o 


u 
o 


.2 

c • 


• 




0^ 


o 


'JU 


Q 


< 


• 


<i 


• 


< 


• 


bi 


• 

2: 



o 

w 



JO 



Dames . . . 
Benson . . . . 
Billings . . . 
Bottineau . . 
Burleigh . . . 

Vv A99 • ■ • • • < 

Cavalier . . . 
Dickey . . . , 
Eddy . . . . , 
Emmons . . . . 
Foster . . . 
Grand Forks 
Grii?gs . . . , 
Kidder . . . 
LaMoure . . 
Logan . . . 
McHenry . . 
Mcintosh .. 
McLean ... 
"^^ercer , . . 
Morton . . , 
Nelson . . . 
Oliver . . . . 
Pembina . . 
Pierce .... 
Ramsey 
Ransom . . . 
Richland . . 
Ro'ette . . . 
Sargent . . . 
Stark . . . , 
Steele . . . . 
Stutsman . . 
Towner 
Traill . . . . 

Walsh 

Ward . . . . 
Wells .. .. 
Williams . . 



Totals 
Plurality 



;,C58 

1,131 

227 

1,826 

1,263 

3,626 

1,677 

990 

550 

641 

577 

2,614 

665 

413 

796 

451 

1,713 

741 

1,855 

262 

1,413 

1,181 

217 

1,762 

862 

1,440 

1,169 

2.195 

817 

1,001 

641 

767 

1,734 

946 

1,458 

1,877 

4.096 

1,282 

777 



I 
1,603 

1,055 

220 

1,730 

1,233 

3,497 

1,530 

922r 

539 

633 

550 

2,546 

567 

400 

765 

449 

1,656 

738 

1,832 

265 

1.389 

1,203 

210 

1,720 

831 

1,406 

1,158 

2,177 

797 

997 

599 

755 

1,651 

912 

1.406 

1,831 

3,S60 

1,263 

753 



827 
150 

36 
915 
244 
648 
751 
35S 
166 
287 
243 
940 
276 

65 
197 

32 
565 

42 
225 

13 
337 
413 

55 
785 
298 
410 
306 
1,184 
407 
361 
215 

91 
498 
441 
194 
1.141 
975 
2?2 
311 



621 
160 

34 
1,104 
240 
030 
741 
350 
166 
287 
237 
997 
244 

62 
199 

31 
560 

40 
222 

14 
335 
378 

53 
799 
302 
428 
284 
1,153 
420 
350 
209 

76 
500 
448 
198 
1.152 
950 
217 
307 



96 
12 

3 
120 
19 
149 
38 
53 
12 
11 

8 

137 

35 

4 
43 

4 
53 

2 
13 


24 
66 

2 

3 
31 
57 
28 
61 
71 
G8 
24 
23 
22 
45 
54 
84 
199 
01 

9 



96 
12 

4 
112 
19 
141 
36 
i7 
13 
11 

8 

113 

87 

4 
43 

4 
52 

2 
12 


22 
63 

2 

3 
30 
56 
29 
50 
67 
77 
25 
26 
21 
47 
54 
83 
195 
61 1 
10' 



49,111|47,648!15,622 
33, 489132, 2501 



15,398 



1,734 



49 


66 


36 


86 


4 


3 


36 


t7 


9 


9 


178 


158 


18 


12 


15 


47 


12 


11 


6 


5 


6 


6 


50 


61 


16 


IS 


6 


6 


8 


10 








22 


21 








18 


17 


1 


1 


5 


5 


22 


25 


7 


6 


43 


40 


14 


12 


17 


20 


35 


36 


28 


28 


11 


12 


13 


12 


1 


2 


27 


25 


26 


26 


12 


n 


83 


82 


28 


30 


75 


71 


24 


24 


11 


11 



I 

l,697j 967 
1 



971 



Scattering — Benson, 2; Cass, 11; Griggs, 1; Kidder, 1; Morton, 
1; Pierce, 1; Ransom, 1; Sargent, 1; Walsh, 1. 



192 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote of North. Dakota — CJontinued. 

JUDGES SUPREME COURT. 



Counties 




u 

C 






Barnes 

Benson 

Billings . . . . 
Bottineau . . . 
Burleigh . . . . 

Cass 

Cavalier . . . . 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons . . . . 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure . . . 
Logan ....♦., 
McHenry . . 
Mcintosh . . . 
McLean . . . . 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina ... 

Pierce 

Ramsey .... 
Ransom . . . . 
Richland . . . 

Rolette 

Sargent . . . , 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman . . 
Towner .... 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . . 

Total . . 



Scattering — Benson, 1; Nelson, 1; Pierce, 1; Ward, 4. 



1 


1 
1,893 


1,750 




1,076 


1,090 




226 


216 


1 1.889 


1,914 




1,260 


1,248 




8,693 
1,602 


3,731 




1,547 




961 


954 




555 


554 




639 
586 


641 




576 




2,761 
594 


1,744 




601 




407 


411 


• • • • • • 


804 


791 




454 


447 




1,709 


1,699 




747 


747 




1,848 
262 


1,853 




257 




1,415 


1,406 




1,201 
221 


1,225 




212 




1,865 


1,865 




867 


850 





1,482 


1,495 




1,186 


1,202 





2,242 


2,254 




858 


871 


• 


1,020 


1,022 




643 


618 




767 


783 




1,738 


1.704 




1,049 


959 




1,495 


1,521 




1,902 


1,931 





4,121 


4,037 




1,302 


1,321 




773 


778 




60,118 


49,824 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



193 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 





Governor 


Lieutenant 


Governor 




oe. 


Q 


(J 
o 


o 


OS 


Q 


o 


2 




. 


• 
• 


(/) 


• 


. 


• 
• 
• 


• 


04 

• 


Counties 




be 




w 
u 


it 


• 
CI 


• 


• 




CO 

ill 


bo 




< 


n 
QQ 


c 

u 

u 


*-> 

i 


of 




> 


(JU 


3 


aj 


> 


</) 


• 


< 




UJ 


s 


< 


sd 


o 


• 

o 


ad 


hi 


Barnes . . . . , 


1,801 


622 


100 


78 


1,812 


541 


no 


76 


Benson .... 


1,017 


191 


12 


50 


1 , 008 


155 


10 


43 


Billings . . . . 


231 


34 


5 


3 


228 


33 


5 


3 


Bottineau 


1,799 


987 


128 


43 


1,857 


902 


129 


89 


Burleigh . . . 


1,255 


245 


22 


8 


1,243 


241 


21 


8 


Cass 


3,600 


648 


143 


249 


3,637 


612 


143 


178 


Cavalier . . . . 


1,499 


819 


36 


12 


1,537 


758 


36 


12 


Dickey 


943 


370 


61 


23 


94 4 


366 


62 


24 


Eddy 


542 


167 


13 


17 


551 


164 


13 


13 


Emmons . . . 


638 


286 


10 


7 


638 


288 


11 


4 


Foster . . . . 


559 


265 


8 


4 


570 


248 


9 


4 


Grand Forks 


2.503 


1,131 


117 


66 


2,646 


932 


117 


53 


Griggs 


533 


277 


80 


108 


593 


256 


26 


78 


Kidder . . . . 


398 


79 


3 


5 


407 


76 


2 


6 


LaMoure . . . 


775 


206 


45 


11 


789 


200 


«4 


10 


Logan . . 


453 


31 


4 





451 


33 


4 





McHenry 


1,697 


604 


67 


2tf 


1.702 


580 


66 


24 


Mcintosh 


736 


43 


2 





730 


42 


2 





McLean . . . 


1,856 


240 


15 


17 


1,855 


226 


13 


17 


Mercer . . . . 


261 


11 





1 


263 


14 





1 


Morton 


1,406 


346 


23 


4 


1,405 


.^42 


24 


4 


Nelson 


1,161 


435 


68 


37 


1,195 


389 


73 


24 


Oliver 


217 


59 


2 


8 


216 


57 


2 


8 


Pembina . . . 


1,774 


787 


8 


41 


1,752 


761 


3 


54 


Pierce . . 


844 


318 


34 


19 


857 


299 


33 


13 


Ramsey . . . 


1,429 


458 


59 


24 


1,471 


386 


56 


17 


Ransom .... 


1,139 


321 


26 


39 


1,153 


299 


29 


35 


Richland . . . 


2,132 


1,228 


49 


42 


2,178 


1,183 


53 


36 


Rolette . . . . 


813 


415 


74 


13 


817 


398 


71 


13 


Sargent . . . . 


1.002 


390 


70 


13 


978 


378 


68 


17 


Stark 


660 


217 


26 


3 


540 


311 


26 


1 


Steele 


631 


205 


19 


56 


753 


83 


27 


84 


Stutsman . . . 


1,715 


515 


23 


27 


1,720 


497 


22 


25 


Towner . . . . 


945 


463 


50 


10 


957 


453 


46 


10 


Traill 


1,107 


579 


47 


148 


1,420 


228 


52 


90 


Walsh .. .. 


1,867 


1,184 


79 


40 


1,875 


1,134 


90 


35 


Ward 


4,053 


1,020 


216 


83 


4,076 


956 


210 


76 


Wells . . . . 


1,274 


230 


63 


37 


1,280 


212 


65 


33 


Williams . . . 


781 


318 


8 


14 


772 


299 


9 


10 


Totals . . 


48,026 


16,744 


1,760 


1,388 


48,942 


15,791 


1,782 


1,128 


Plurality 


31.282 








33,151 










1 





Scattering — For governor, Barnes. 1; Pierce, 1. For lieutenant 
governor. Pierce, 26. 



Blue Book-13 



194 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 



Secretary of State 



Counties 



o 

o 



(s. 



V 
^ 



o 



c« 
4/ 



CxJ 



State Auditor 



c 
o 

c 



c 



o 

u 
o 

b. 



ea 



o 

o 

</) 

E 
o 

w 
» 



o 



V 

w 
>» 

Q 



J3 
O 



Barnes . . 
Benson . . 

Billings . 

Bottineau 

Burleigh 

v.'cLoS • « • • 

Cavalier 
Dickey . . 
Eddy . . . 
Emmons 
Foster 
Grand Forks 
Griegs . . 
Kidder .. 
LaMoure 
Logan 
McHenry 
Mcintosh 
McLean 
Mercer . . 
Morton 
Nelson . . 
Oliver . . . 
Pembina . 
Pierco . . 
Ramsey 
Ransom . 
Richland 
Rolette . 
Sargent . 
Stark . . . 
Steele 
Stutsman 
Towner . 
Traill . . . 
Walsh . . 
Ward . . . 
Wells . . . 
Williams 



I 



1,831 

1,072 

225 

1,915 

1,241 

3,629 

1,555 

946 

552 

633 

597 

2,651 

582 

407 

797 

• 451 

1,698 

731] 

1,850 

2G4 

1,401 

1,194 

215 

1,717 

860j 

l,452i 

1,172 

2,182 

829 

998 

621 i 

769 

1,718 

958 

1,481 

1,871 

4,104 

1,291 

786 



532 
139 

30 
801 
242 
587 
733 
357 
167 
284 
241 
924 
240 

72, 
204 

31 
571 

45 
210 

13 
346 
S7«* 

53 
829 
269 
395 
243 
1,180 
390 
354 
213 

69 
501 
449 
171 
1,147 
930 
183 
806 



109 
11 

3 
126 
20 
142 
37 
61 
11 
11 

8 

113 

32 

4 
44 

4 
62 

1 
13 


SS 
•8 

2 

3 
30 
58 
29 
53 
73 
69 
25 
23 
23 
88 
51 
82 
197 
61 

9 



63 
45 

3 
41 

9 
170 

9 
23 
13 

5 

4 
53 
83 

6 
10 

2 
25 


16 

1 

3 
27 

8 
37 
13 
25 
33 
33 
13 
18 

3 
34 
24 

9 
82 
31 
81 
37 
10 



1,878 


503 


1,074 


143 


224 


35 


1,873 


895 


1,242 


226 


3,629 


583 


1,546 


741 


949 


365 


552 


165 


637 


285 


580 


241 


2,539 


1,116 


582 


245 


409 


70 


. 787 


204 


453 


29 


1.709 


572 


725 


32 


1,858 


211 


264 


13 


1,400 


342 


1,193 


887 


219 


56 


1,849 


744 


851 


295 


1,470 


389 


1,163 


261 


2,186 


1.181 


831 


392 


994 


856 


627 


210 


777 


70 


1,728 


485 


958 


430 


1,470 


174 


1,889 


1,131 


4,108 


933 


1,289 


187 


789 


306 



103 
12 

127| 
20 
147 
37 
63 
14 
10 

8 

108 

32 

3 
44 

4 
67 
20 

5 


23 
71 

2 

2 
83 
57 
28 
53 
71 
69 
28 
25 
21 
43 
53! 
89 
201 
60 

8 



67 
4? 

2 
37 

o 

173 

10 

ri 

II 

s 

51 
79 

5 
II 

2 
25 


16 

1 

4 

ai 

8 
41 
13 
16 
84 
SO 
11 
13 

2 
29 
37 

9 
79 
34 
74 
39 
10 



Totals.. (49, 255 
Plurality 134,339 




Scattering — State auditor, 1. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



195 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 



Counties 



State Treasurer 



^ 



o 

09 

Wi 
V 

V 



X 

o 
U 



Superintendent of 
Public Instruction 



o 


o 


P< 


Q 


C/3 


Pk 


• 1 


• 




• 


^■M 




o 


bfl 


u 
^ 


4^ 


(0 


•vi* 


iA 




C 


>• 


u 


g 


J2 
O 


PQ 


O 
C/2 


.s 

u 

C/2 


U 


• 

1-1 


• 

1-1 












c4 


Pk 


& 


• 



o 
CA3 



bo 

> 



Barnes 

Benson .... 
Billings . . . . 
Bottineau . . . 
Burleigh . . . 

Cass 

Cavalier . . . . 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure . . . 

Logan 

McHenry . . . 
Mcintosh 
McLean . . . . 

Mercer 

Morton . . . . 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey . . . . 
Ransom . . . . 
Richland . . . 

Rolette 

Sargent . . . . 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman . . . 
Towner .... 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



1 

1,799 


600 


1.069 


155 


226 


34 


1,885 


877 


1,252 


229 


3,625 


623 


1,559 


755 


947 


361 


543 


172 


635 


318 


575 


245 


2,654 


915 


581 


249 


406 


63 


783 


202 


449 


35 


1,689 


600 


723 


45 


1,857 


229 


263 


13 


1,406 


337 


1,197 


383 


217 


52 


1,745 


795 


849 


309 


1,479 


392 


1,164 


288 


2,180 


1,187 


830 


392 


950 


407 


624 


211 


777 


67 


1,704 


505 


954 


442 


1,444 


209 


1 1,886 


1,128 


1 3,976 


1,120 


j 1,290 


208 


783 

1 


318 



114 
11 

4 
129 
21 
145 
36 
57 
11 
12 

9 

122 

28 

14 

69 

4 
63 

1 
11 


24 
73 

2 

3 
33 
58 
30 
51 
75 
72 
27 
28 
21 
43 
521 
90 
200 
63 

9 



59 


1,801 


535 


38 


1,079 


155 


3 


228 


38 


42 


2,237 


1,010 


9 


1,428 


253 


52 


3,763 


633 


10 


2,078 


966 


23 


1,220 


475 


14 


552 


178 


6 


705 


302 


4 


695 


279 


50 


2,692 


835 


80 


768 


285 


4 


514 


69 


10 


959 


328 





454 


34 


26 


1,742 


597 





725 


54 


17 


2,097 


234 


1 


263 


14 


4 


1,402 


348 


22 


1,339 


386 


8 


252 


67 


41 


3,209 


931 


14 


950 


321 


15 


1,796 


446 


32 


1,550 


368 


32 


2,679 


1,492 


11 


840 


394 


14 


949 


371 


1 


804 


253 


29 


789 


69 


23 


1,845 


726 


9 


965 


444 


87 


1,538 


177 


31 


2,092 


1,038 


75 


4,427 


1,056 


32 


1,314 


218 


9 


920 


343 



Totals 148,975 

Plurality 1 33, 504 



15,4711 1,805 1, 036155, 6G0 
I i 137,938 



16,722 



121 
10 

7 
138 
62 
177 
42 
86 
15 
14 

9 

120 

49 

6 
58 

4 
71 

2 
18 

2 
26 
83 

7 

5 
33 
69 
31 
66 
70 
83 
87 
33 
21 
42 
61 
84 
217 
63 
16 



2,048 



Scattering — For state treasurer, Barnes 1. For state superintend- 
ent, Griggs 1, LaMoure 1, Ramsey 1, Traill 1. 



196 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 



Counties 



Attorney General 



J3 
'u 



2; 

■ 



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E 

3 

u 

(/) 

u 
> 



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o 
(/) 

ll 

3 

L> 

3 
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3 
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Commissioner of 
Agriculture 



U 



3 
JS 



o 
ex: 



y 
O 
'Ji 

•a 
cs 
o 

M 

c 






Barnes 

Benson 

Billings . . . . 
Bottineau . , . 
Burleigh . . . . 

Cass 

Cavalier . . . , 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons . . . . 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Lo?:an 

McHenry 
Mcintosh . . . 
McLean . . . . 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver. 

Pembina . . . . 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom . . . . 
Richland . . . . 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . . . 



Totals . . . . 
Plurality . . 



1,819 

1.048 

224 

1,787 

1,245 

3,640 

1,544 

934 

548 

635 

570 

2.615 

548 

401 

783 

451 

1,684 

720 

1,850 

257 

1,390 

1,161 

2-32 

1,761 

836 

1,369 

1,163 

2,176 

783 

974 

623 

760 

1,706 

926 

1,469 

1,868 

4,0*7 

1,272 

784 



48,513 
32,011 



567 
181 

32 
999 
227 
636 
767 
358 
171 
283 
253 
956 
302 

76 
211 

32 
608 

56 
228 

14 
341 
453 

54 
780 
321 
514 
296 
1,201 
446 
333 
204 

84 
501 
477 
214 
1,109 
962 
228 
31j 



101 
12 

3 
130 
19 
155 
34 
65 
11 
10 

9 

128 

28 

4 
46 

4 
66 

2 
17 


25 
61 

2 

2 
80 
63 
26 
49 
72 
66 
25 
30 
22 
42 
o^ 
86 
281 
63 
11 



1,805 

1,065 

221 

1,861 

1,251 

3,639 

1,556 

939 

543 

629 

569 

2,668 

582 

404 

782 

451 

1,704 

721 

1,849 

257 

1,384 

1,183 

220 

1,763 

847 

1,459 

1,164 

2,175 

820 

993 

017 

778 

1,700 

941 

1,487 

1,885 

4,005 

1,262 

784 



593 
156 

36 
903 
228 
627 
740 
366 
168 
289 
251 
893 
252 

70 
209 

31 
588 

55 
224 

14 
366 
392 

57 
786 
304 
399 
285 
1,197 
399 
364 
218 

69 
506 
456 

181 
1,136 
975 
243 
318 



15,902 



1,843 



49,053 
33.814 



15,239 



111 

16 

4 

127 

18 

168 

38 

80 

13 

11 



122 

34 

4 

49 

4 

«7 

2 

17 



25 

80 

2 

2 

81 

. 69 

27 

65 

75 

69 

24 

27 

23 

42 

63 

02 

215 

62 

9 



1,866 



Scattering — For attorney general, McHenry, 1. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



197 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 





Commissioner of 


Commissioners 


.of 






Insurance 






Railroads 






OS 

• 



• 


u 
O 
(A 


OS 

• 
• 


• 


• 
• 


Counties 


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• 


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Barnes 


1.829 1 


676 


106 


1.745 


1,752 


1,»81 


Benson 


1.073 


156 


10 


1,048 


1,063 


1,055 


Billings 


225 


33 


4 


208 


221 


209 


Bottineau . . . . 


1,863 


907 


126 


1,767 


1.839 


1,771 


Burleigh 


1.251 


228 


20 


1,195 


1,206 


1 ,183 


Cass 


3,587 
1,547 


635 
754 


154 
36 


3,548 
1,487 


3,595 
1,524 


3.514 


Cavalier 


1,478 


Dickey 


951 


363 


63 


916 


936 


925 


Eddy 


545 
638 


178 
285 


11 
10 


517 
622 


452 
628 


489 


Emmons 


624 


Foster 


569 


255 


8 


541 


555 


540 


Grand Forks . . 


2,558 


1,105 


105 


2,545 


2.608 


2.637 


Griggs 


615 


252 


28 


553 


573 


551 


Kidder 


409 


67 


2 


386 


395 


385 


LaMoure 


780 


215 


44 


769 


760 


754 


Logan 


453 


33 


4 


448 


447 


445 


McHenry 


1,709 


600 


66 


1,634 


1,565 


1,630 


Mcintosh 


721 


55 


2 


720 


722 


721 


McLean 


1,855 


235 


14 


1,809 


1,830 


1,809 


Mercer 


259 


14 





254 


251 


244 


Morton 


1.389 


348 


25 


1.360 


1.372 


1,352 


Nelson 


1,162 


398 


79 


1,165 


1.175 


1.168 


Oliver 


219 


56 


2 


213 


210 


206 


Pembina . . 


1,754 


800 


4 


1.722 


1.727 


1.710 


Pierce 


859 


299 


33 


822 


843 


812 


Ram'sey 


1,449 


410 


55 


1.4U 


1.445 


1.418 


Ransom 


1,169 


295 


26 


1,133 


1,152 


1,107 


Richland 


2,192 


1,191 


64 


2.119 


2,129 


2,108 


Rolette 


821 


394 


73 


695 


791 


775 


Sargent 


989 


374 


69 


951 


980 


939 


Stark 


617 


213 


24 


588 


614 


589 


Steele 


778 


71 


28 


752 


763 


749 


Stutsman 


1,718 


513 


23 


1.644 


1,673 


1,634 


Townef 


949 


447 


45 


894 


917 


908 


Traill . • .... 


1,489 


194 


59 


1.423 


1,447 


1,423 


Walsh 


1,864 


1.180 


88 


1,799 


1,858 


1,821 


Ward 


4,087 


984 


198 


3,910 


3,906 


3,877 


Wells 


1.287 

789 


214 
306 


63 
10 


1.244 
751 


1.274 
774 


1,245 


Williams . . . . 


733 


Totals .... 


49,018 


15.633 


1,771 


45,308 


47,972 


47.119 


Plurality . . 


33,380 






40,123 


32,337 


32.044 



Scattering — McHenry, 1. 



198 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAI, 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 

COMMISSIONERS OF RAILROADS— Continued. 





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Barnes 


626 


626 


513 


100 


93 


98 


47 


47 


53 


Benson 


.156 


154 


153 


10 


10 


11 


32 


32 


32 


Billings.. .. 


31 


31 


32 


3 


3 


6 


3 


3 


3 


Bottineau .. 


903 


907 


879 


125 


123 


129 


36 


85 


37 


Burleigh . . . 


226 


240 


235 


19 


18 


18 


8 


7 


8 


Cass 


613 


627 


613 


145 


142 


143 


143 


138 


152 


Cavalier . . . 


747 


758 


747 


38 


34 


32 


10 


9 


8 


Dickey 


358 


366 


363 


62 


62 


51 


19 


20 


21 


Eddy .. .. 


168 


296 


178 


14 


11 


12 


8 


8 


10 


Emmons . . . 


286 


289 


287 


10 


10 


10 


4 


4 


4 


Foster . . . . 


243 


2159 


244 


8 


9 


9 


4 


4 


4 


Grand Forks 


918 


928 


899 


116 


115 


112 


46 


45 


46 


Gripgs . . . . 


244 


265 


253 


28 


26 


25 


64 


63 


63 


Kidder . . . . 


69 


72 


69 


6 


5 


6 


4 


5 


4 


LaMoure . . 


218 


214 


207 


46 


44 


43 


10 


10 


12 


Lognn . . . . 


30 


82 


32 


4 


4 


3 











McHenry . , 


668 


711 


684 


62 


68 


58 


25 


25 


24 


Mcintosh . . 


67 


67 


57 


3 


2 


2 











McLean . . , 


220 


234 


222 


14 


16 


6 


16 


16 


16 


Mercer . 




14 


14 


15 











1 


1 


1 


Morton , 




341 


848 


347 


26 


28 


S4 


5 


5 


6 


Nelson . , 




390 


396 


384 


68 


60 


eo 


19 


19 


18 


Oliver ., 




64 


57 


54 


2 


2 


2 


6 


6 





Pembina 




777 


803 


777 


2 


2 


2 


33 


38 


36 


Pierce . . , 




297 


302 


297 


81 


81 


20 


10 


10 


11 


Ramsey . 




386 


397 


376 


64 


54 


65 


10 


11 


12 


Ransom . 




278 


296 


294 


26 


27 


20 


29 


29 


89 


Richland . . 


1,184 


1,208 


1,222 


52 


64 


62 


17 


17 


10 


Rolette . . . . 


541 


414 


396 


65 


69 


71 


8 


10 


10 


Sargent . . . 


372 


380 


393 


62 


04 


63 


7 


8 


7 


Stark . . . . 


109 


206 


200 


25 


25 


20 








1 


Steele . . . . 


69 


69 


68 


28 


25 


27 


24 


25 


SO 


Stutsman . . 


407 


509 


605 


22 


21 


21 


10 


21 


21 


Towner . . . 


451 


441 


435 


44 


44 


44 


7 


7 


7 


Traill .. .. 


183 


192 


179 


52 


51 


53 


64 


66 


68 


Walsh .. .. 


1,128 


1,154 


1,138 


86 


8G 


. 83 


24 


22 


88 


Ward .. .. 


943 


980 


937 


190 


202 


200 


60 


61 


69 


Wells .. .. 


201 


212 


197 


61 


59 


53 


42 


29 


30 


Williams . . 


299 
i 


302 


294 


11 


10 


9 


7 


7 


7 


Totals 


• 


115.1851 


15.635 


15,075 


1,716 


1.702 


1,662 


871 


858 


880 



St altering — LaMoure, 1. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



199 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 



Counties 



Barnes . . . . 
Benson . . . . . 

Billings 

Bottineau 
Burleigh . . . 

Cass 

Cavalier . . . . 

Dickey 

Eddy ........ 

Emmons . . . 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure . . . 

Logan 

McHenry . . 
Mcintosh 
McLean . . . . 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina . . . 

Pierce 

Ramsey . . . . 
Ransom . . . . 
Richland . . . 

Rolette 

Sargent . . . . 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman . . . 
Towner . . . . 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . 



Total . . 
Majority 



Amendment to 
Section 176, 

Taxing Grain 
in Elevators 



Yes 



No 



1,382 
830 
214 

1,815 
705 

2,753 

1,334 
695 
429 
617 
597 

1,867 
437 
323 
680 
326 

1,322 
345 

1,292 
142 
774 
799 
207 

1,301 
655 

1,035 
838 

2,014 
705 
806 
581 
470 

1,209 
700 

1,050 

1,674 

2,794 
991 
760 



591 
230 

44 
746 
283 
1,028 
432 
189 
234 
155 
197 
875 
295 

74 
199 

79 
709 

75 
520 
lOO 
480 
356 

66 
623 
313 
567 
316 
958 
277 
328 
'J07 
141 
687 
378 
384 
780 
1,448 
307 
176 



Subdivision 8, 

Section 215, 

Institution for 

Feeble Minded 



Yes 



1,304 
771 
190 

1,773 
616 

2,516 

1,350 
673 
392 
489 
573 

1,858 
443 
276 
636 
280 

1,316 
294 

1,140 
133 
736 
751 
166 

1,395 
659 
994 
694 

1,860 
648 
731 
566 
444 

1,164 
700 
918 

1,873 

3,018 
948 
727 



No 



508 
190 

49 
583 
296 
983 
246 
133 
220 
187 
146 
487 
229 

92 
187 

62 
515 

64 
436 

90 
409 
253 

71 
400 
217 
435 
347 
790 
196 
272 
153 
114 
625 
265 
388 
495 
1,132 
228 
115 



37,468 
21,761 



15,707 



To Subdivision 5 , 

School for Deaf 

Section 215, 



Yes 



1,294 
781 
175 

1,771 
580 

2,566 

1,283 
634 
382 
482 
571 

1,698 
445 
278 
626 
304 

1,379 
257 

1,148 
120 
741 
749 
165 

1,251 
670 

1,060 
689 

1,856 
641 
691 
535 
441 

1,246 
794 
964 

1,655 

2,992 
985 
730 



No 



405 
138 

45 
446 
267 
892 
202. 
127 
204 
162 
114 
396 
191 

54 
155 

37 
399 

67 
359 

90 
308 
188 

62 
404 
158 
393 
275 
712 

50 
250 
147 
103 
611 
188 
307 
538 
945 
195 

88 



36,015 
23,407 



12,608 



35,609 
25,037 



10,572 



200 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



OFFICIAL VOTE FOR NORTH DAKOTA. 

(Tenth General Election, November 6, 1906.) 
REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS. 





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Barnes 


1,492 


1,266 


679 


647 


69 


66 


Benson 


931 


862 


406 


426 


20 


10 


Billings 


292 


268 


27 


23 


6 


3 


Bottineau .... 


1,533 


1,316 


1,036 


1,425 


92 


86 


Burleigh 


1,059 


1,021 


356 


341 


16 


17 


Cass 


2,365 


2,223 


1,621 


1,344 


62 


60 


Cavalier 


1,420 


1,325 


1,043 


1,092 


82 


31 


Dickey 


760 


707 


246 


249 


26 


26 


Eddy 


434 


424 


242 


241 


10 


12 


Emmons 


627 


591 


237 


240 


8 


9 


Foster 


445 


399 


358 


352 


5 


3 


Grand Forks . 


1,874 


1,794 


1,759 


1,778 


46 


63 


Griggs 


438 


397 


492 


479 


19 


18 


Kidder 


332 


292 


116 


111 


6 


8 


LaMoure 


820 


739 


306 


297 


18 


19 


Logan 


495 


487 


38 


37 








McHenry 


1,380 


1,306 


553 


688 


68 


66 


Mcintosh .... 


426 


427 


18 


15 


4 


2 


McKenzie .... 


405 


348 


74 


82 


11 


11 


McLean 


1,700 


1,658 


234 


230 


39 


46 


Mercer 


313 


297 


12 


12 


1 


2 


Morton 


1,689 


1,631 


287 


300 


19 


26 


Nelson 


950 


995 


462 


488 


19 


20 


Oliver 


265 


242 


88 


82 


2 


2 


Pembina 


1,384 


1,319 


995 


1,006 


6 


4 


Pierce 


615 


614 


680 


610 


83 


86 


Ramsey 


1,071 


1,011 


778 


792 


34 


36 


Ransom 


1,046 


983 


313 


315 


17 


10 


Richland 


1,276 


1,211 


1,101 


1,084 


23 


22 


Rolette 


745 


704 


461 


535 


48 


42 


Sargent 


817 


788 


390 


391 


46 


31 


Stark 


578 


555 


152 


156 


ID 


12 


Steele 


503 


492 


264 


252 


6 


6 


Stutsman 


1,304 


1,209 


894 


862 


16 


14 


Towner 


794 


751 


578 


598 


16 


16 


Traill 


921 


903 


546 


632 


29 


28 


Walsh 


1,342 


1,293 


1,490 


1,615 


64 


68 


Ward 


2,418 


2,340 


1,172 


1,204 


161 


153 


Wells 


862 


827 


326 


305 


30 


28 


Williams 


802 


757 


321 


315 


43 


41 


Totals . . . 


38,923 


36,772 


21,050 


21,350 


1,161 


1,129 


Plurality 


17,873 


15,422 











Scattering: For congress, Billings, 2; Richland, 1; Steele, 1: 
Towner, 1. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



201 



Vote of North Dakota — CJontinued. 
JUDGES SUPREME COURT. 



Counties 



Judges Supreme Court 




Barnes . . . . . 

Benson 

Billings . . . . 

Bottineau 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier . 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons . . . 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder .... 
LaMoure . . . 

Logan 

McHenry . . . 
Mcintosh 
McKenzie ' . . 
McLean . . . . 

Mercer 

Morton . . . . 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina ... 

Pierce 

Ramsey .... 
Ransom .... 
Richland . . . 

Rolette 

Sargent — . 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman . . . 
Towner . . . . 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams . . . 



1,205 


851 


845 


418 


279 


255 


1,441 


1,126 


1,043 


892 


2,259 


1,454 


1,275 


1,045 


702 


657 


396 


371 


597 


527 


390 


322 


1,377 


618 


366 


261 


317 


241 


711 


571 


495 


462 


1,274 


890 


422 


380 


373 


345 


1,653 


1,271 


308 


282 


1,607 


1,437 


857 


542 


254 


216 


1,249 


925 


627 


396 


1,092 


592 


977 


850 


1,185 


924 


737 


602 


773 


633 


542 


480 


460 


172 


1,154 


990 


798 


571 


786 


319 


1,175 


786 


2,220 


.1,843 


810 


571 


704 


719 



Total I 35,735 

Plurality 




1,317 

963 

49 

1,619 
511 

2,477 

1,467 
327 
364 
322 
498 

3,459 

682 

197 

647 

64 

1,116 
65 
110 
697 
15 
688 
972 
119 

1,518 
879 

1,281 
492 

1,351 
779 
574 
271 
612 

1,245 
847 

1,243 

2,187 

1,902 
620 
475 



34,821 
8,114 



Scattering — For supreme court, Billings, 2; Nelson, 1. 



] 



202 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 



Counties 



Governor 



Pi 



CO 

ra 
CA3 






M 

u 

3 
« 

G 
O 



u 
O 



o 

Q 



Lieutenant Governor 



P< 






C/1 



0^ 



a 

rt 



^. 



o 



c 

3 

C/} 



< 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau .... 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks . . 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry .... 

Mcintosh 

McKenzie .... 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman .... 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



Total 

Plurality . 



923 
891 
295 

1,160 
983 

2,056 

1,043 
676 
365 
600 
260 

1,050 
238 
294 
687 
510 

1,072 
426 
336 

1,636 
325 

1,646 
664 
244 
911 
368 
476 
900 
993 
369 
718 
492 
218 

1.061 
404 
534 
814 

1,924 
584 
678 



29,809 



1,348 

1,062 

42 

1,672 

489 

1,884 

1,574 

330 

387 

274 

617 

3,020 

736 

168 

471 

59 

1,014 

19 

211 

364 

14 

895 

849 

113 

1,607 

973 

1,537 

488 

1,436 

1,020 

515 

282 

579 

1,177 

1,192 

1,072 

2,239 

1,947 

679 

569 



34,424 
5,115 



46 

8 

8 

84 

17 

58 

27 

18 

10 

9 

5 

39 

15 

7 

19 

8 

42 

3 

12 

40 

2 

24 

16 

2 

5 

80 

22 

18 

17 

44 

32 

7 

6 

14 

10 

24 

35 

138 

21 

41 



978 



1,230 
711 
290 

1,481 

1,016 

2,406 

1,299 
710 
413 
607 
409 

1,504 
369 
315 
746 
505 

1,288 
429 
367 

1,652 
316 

1,673 
877 
260 

1,299 
553 
904 
970 

1,162 
691 
755 
564 
442 

1,077 
697 
758 

1,175 

2,272 
775 
779 



86,746 
11,044 



871 

617 

30 

1,203 
353 

1,460 

1,179 
274 
282 
255 
407 

2,158 

657 

126 

866 

40 

679 

16 

111 

259 

11 

865 

576 

93 

1,077 
706 
974 
867 

1,208 
552 
449 
169 
381 

1,143 
705 
735 

1,708 

1,378 
416 
402 



24,702 



45 
13 

3 

89 
19 
56 
84 
21 
10 
10 

6 
41 
18 

9 
IS 

8 
51 

3 
11 
89 

1 
24 
20 

2 

4 
31 
29 
12 
20 
49 
30 
10 

6 
16 
14 
26 
42 
150 
27 
86 



1,053 



Scattering — For governor, McLean, 1. 

For lieutenant-governor, Kidder, 1; McLean, 2. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



203 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 



Counties 



Secretary of State 



•a 

.2 
'3 






bo 

CI 






o 

C/2 



J2 

o 
o 

IS 
< 



Auditor 



E 






T3 
01 
O 

Pi 

M 

C 
rs 



o 

o 

C/2 






Barnes 

Benson ... . 
Billings ,. . . . . 
Bottineau . . , 
Burleigh . . . . 

Cass 

Cavalier . . . . 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks. 

Griggs . . 

Kidder 

LaMoure . . . 

Logan 

McHenry . . . 
Mcintosh 
McKenzie . . . 
McLean . . . . 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina . . . . 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



Total . . 
Plurality 



1,269 

794 

292 

1,524 

1.024 

2,382 

1,346 

710 

423 

614 

412 

1,649 

303 

336 

740 

506 

1,267 

428 

410 

1,703 

318 

1,674 

900 

262 

1,326 

596 

960 

992 

1,197 

716 

770 

572 

445 

1,211 

. 730 

796 

1,222 

2,444 

829 

794 



36,886 
13,493 



801 


50 


1,420 


684 


553 


11 


846 


492 


28 


3 


295 


29 


1,155 


87 


1,564 


1,113 


350 


20 


933 


488 


1,412 


66 


2,481 


1,335 


1,139 


34 


1,394 


1,127 


262 


23 


711 


252 


281 


10 


427 


293 


248 


7 


615 


249 


397 


5 


450 


364 


1,998 


62 


1,042 


1,807 


557 


17 


433 


500 


112 


7 


331 


119 


359 


15 


782 


832 


38 


9 


510 


39 


754 


51 


1,380 


598 


16 


3 


432 


15 


91 


13 


420 


79 


243 


40 


1,698 


253 


11 


1 


323 


11 


307 


26 


1,716 


325 


565 


19 


946 


515 


92 


2 


261 


94 


1,019 


6 


1,434 


990 


673 


35 


642 


631 


887 


33 


1,037 


849 


352 


13 


1,018 


325 


1,180 


21 


1,236 


1,148 


521 


52 


766 


490 


446 


28 


787 


428 


165 


11 


573 


165 


325 


5 


516 


256 


961 


16 


1,265 


926 


675 


17 


772 


653 


697 


27 


884 


608 


1,640 


43 


1,310 


1,669 


1,334 


148 


2,387 


1,383 


372 


30 


840 


349 


877 


37 


830 


849 



23,393 



1,103 



38,607 
16,426 



22,181 



52 

12 

4 
86 
16 
60 
33 
21 
12 

8 

4 
40 
19 

9 
16 

8 
49 

3 
11 
40 

1 
22 
20 

2 

4 
33 
34 
13 
21 
53 
29 
10 

6 
12 
14 
31 
60 
157 
27 
87 



1,079 



Scattering — For secretary of state, Steele, 1. 
For state auditor, Mercer, 2; Nelson, 1. 



204 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote of North Dakota — Ck)ntinued. 


9 


State Treasurer 


Sup't Public 
Instruction 


Commissioner of 
Insurance 




QC 


Q 


o 
O 


Oi 


o 


^. 


Q 


o 




• 
• 




C/3 


• 


c/3 

• 


• 
• 


• 
• 


in 

• 


Counties 


• 
• 
• 

S 

u 

V 


bo 

w 


O 

a, 

B 
o 

u 

C/3 


"3 

u 
O 

in 


• 
• 
• 

CO 

c 

> 


• 

u 

s. 

o 

o 

U 


u 

V 

.13 
C 

< 


bo 
'u 

V 






fa 




i-i 


• 


• 


W 


Q 




• 


• 

1^ 


•a 
O 


• 


• 

< 


ui 


• 


ui 


Barnes .... 


1,411 


694 


49 


1,741 


41 


1,422 


636 


56 


Benson .... 


821 


539 


9 


1,030 


21 


851 


470 


14 


Billings . . . 


287 


27 


3 


301 


4 


292 


29 


3 


Bottineau 


1,634 


1,096 


89 


1,829 


108 


1,647 


1,023 


90 


Burleigh . . 


1,064 


334 


18 


1,091 


35 


1,065 


315 


19 


Cass 


2,448 


1,375 


57 


2,663 


76 


2,375 


1,494 


59 


Cavalier . . . 


1,401 


1,103 


30 


2,040 


151 


1,413 


1,060 


36 


Dickey .... 


726 


248 


20 


763 


30 


720 


248 


24 


Eddy 


433 


272 


11 


525 


23 


456 


239 


11 


Emmons . . . 


621 


243 


7 


697 


10 


614 


237 


10 


Foster .... 


450 


362 


4 


528 


9 


460 


347 


6 


Grand Forks 


1,737 


1,996 


37 


2,770 


60 


2,017 


1,685 


36 


Griggs .... 


410 


532 


18 


659 


22 


459 


. 475 


19 


Kidder .... 


333 


111 


10 


387 


13 


335 


106 


10 


LaMoure . . 


782 


332 


16 


1,008 


36 


782 


322 


16 


Logan 


614 


40 


6 


504 


7 


508 


36 


8 


McHenry . . 


1,361 


617 


51 


1,484 


69 


1,378 


587 


60 


Mcintosh . . 


430 


16 


3 


432 


4 


435 


16 


3 


McKcnzie . 


413 


91 


12 


468 


14 


411 


76 


12 


McLean . . . 


1,732 


239 


38 


2,058 


47 


1,708 


281 


38 


Mercer .... 


321 


11 


1 


321 


1 


318 


7 


1 


Morton) . . . | 


1,703 


333 


22 


1,844 


36 


1,694 


819' 


24 


Nelson .... 


943 


523 


20 


1,089 


34 


980 


478 


22 


Oliver .... 


270 


86 


2 


285 


3 


268 


86 


2 


Pembina . . 


1,386 


993 


4 


2,064 


22 


1,367 


986 


4 


Pierce .... 


626 


643 


33 


905 


44 


651 


590 


34 


Ramsey . . . 


1,012 


873 


31 


1,429 


47 


1,056 


805 


86 


Ransom . . . 


1,016 


334 


12 


1,050 


22 


1,043 


296 


18 


Richland . . 


1,242 


1,133 


22 


1,357 


27 


1,258 


1,116 


21 


Rolette 


778 


481 


52 


938 


64 


788 


456 


61 


Sargent . . . 


770 


460 


28 


976 


45 


806 


395 


36 


Stark 


578 


154 


11 


594 


• 20 


581 


165 


12 


Steele 


419 


364 


5 


609 


8 


506 


263 


6 


Stutsman . . 


1,260 


926 


12 


1,391 


17 


1,301 


888 


14 


Towner . . . 


774 


646 


14 


904 


24 


783 


699 


13 


Traill 


746 


783 


26 


1,111 


37 


906 


589 


29 


Walsh 


1,288 


1,579 


43 


1,869 


124 


1,333 1,515 


66 


Ward 


2,373 


1,371 


147 


2,688 


184 


2,440 1,207 


169 


Wells 


857 


349 


31 


953 


41 


877 315 


88 


Williams . . . 


826 


860 


39 


931 


49 


830 


321 
21,014 


42 


Total . . 


38,196 


22.669 


1,043 


46,286 


1,689 


39,134 


1,129 


Plurality 


15,5271 


[44,597 




18,1201 





Scattering — For state treasurer, McHenry, 2. 

For superintendent of public instruction, Dickey, 1: Foster, 1; 
Grand Forks, 3; Kidder. 1; Mcintosh, 1; Pierce, 1; Richland, 8; 
Steele, 2; Walsh, 1; Ward, 1; Wells. 1; Williams, 1. 

For commissioner of insurance, Mcintosh, 1. 



STATE OF WORTH DAKOTA 



205 



Vote of North Dakota — Continued. 








Commissioner 




Attorney General 


of Agriculture 




» 


P 


c/) 


W 


Q 


c/) 






. 


• 


• 


• 








. 


• 


JS 


• 








M^ 




4-> 




. ^ 


Counties 


i 




u 

3 


ra 




•ta 




1^ 




C/2 


o 


1: 

o 


ctf 

o 




fe 


• 


3 


u 


01 

3 




1 


• 


• 


< 


^ 


3 


O 
Pi 


Barnes 


1.364 


861 


54 


1.401 


637 


63 


Benson \ . 


797 


538 


16 


833 


479 


12 


Billings 


290 


27 


4 


292 


28 


8 


Bottineau .... 


1,531 


1,133 


94 


1,611 


1,045 


92 


Burleigh 


1,043 


328 


19 


1,065 


310 


19 


Cass 


2,417 


1,350 


59 


2,477 


1,306 


64 


Cavalier 


1,363 


1,108 


34 


1,379 


1,080 


33 


Dickey 


710 


263 


23 


715 


252 


25 


Eddy 


444 


252 


12 


446 


237 


18 


Emmons 


615 


245 


9 


616 


239 


10 


Foster ... 


457 


383 


4 


453 


339 


8 


Grand Forks . 


1,703 


1,886 


40 


1,861 


1,726 


40 


Griggs 


418 


505 


18 


427 


492 


19 


Kidder 


325 


111 


7 


341 


103 


7 


LaMoure 


756 


332 


16 


768 


316 


19 


Logan 


509 


36 


8 


508 


36 


8 


McHenry .... 


1,324 


655 


63 


1,376 


570 


66 


Mcintosh .... 


434 


15 


4 


429 


17 


3 


McKenzie . . . 


395 


100 


12 


418 


69 


14 


McLean 


1,688 


256 


41 


1,714 


230 


46 


Mercer 


319 


10 


1 


319 


10 


1 


Morton 


1,674 


340 


21 


1,702 


344 


26 


Nelson 


932 


519 


20 


954 


480 


37 


Oliver 


264 


91 


2 


266 


87 


2 


Pembina 


1,335 


1,029 


3 


1,353 


984 


8 


Pierce 


607 


636 


39 


630 


609 


38 


Ramsey 


971 


891 


34 


1,040 


806 


37 


Ransom 


1,002 


322 


12 


1,017 


314 


14 


Richland 


1,216 


1,138 


23 


1,232 


1,117 


19 


Rolette 


743 


495 


52 


764 


463 


52 


Sargent 


778 


421 


32 


796 


401 


34 


Stark 


563 


168 


10 


677 


151 


9 


Steele 


488 


273 


7 


518 


247 


6 


Stutsman .... 


1,254 


915 


16 


1,266 


886 


17 


Towner 


753 


640 


14 


783 


591 


17 


Traill 


863 


616 


27 


901 


579 


32 


Walsh 


1,238 


1,600 


51 


1,258 


1,588 


66 


Ward 


2,126 


1,589 


222 


2,390 


1,283 


177 


Wells 


798 


394 


28 


883 


317 


28 


Williams . . . . 


757 


887 


30 


808 


336 


46 


Total .... 


37,264 22,258 


1,204 


38,587 


21,104 


1,204 


Plurality . 


15,006 




17,488 







Scattering — For attorney general, Steele, 1; Williams, 1. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Vote Of North Dakota — Contlcded. 

COMMISSIONERS OF RAILROADS. 



ilroada, Burleigh. 5; McHenrr. f. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



207 



Vote of North Dakota-^Oontinued. 

CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT. 



Counties 



For. . 


Against 


1,183 


467 


1,128 


131 


235 


48 


1,625 


502 


912 


141 


8,039 


535 


1,931 


555 


692 


187 


638 


72 


742 


67 


729 


113 


2,768 


448 


677 


134 


340 


72 


1,031 


112 


417 


21 


1,608 


858 


328 


29 


241 


34 


1,392 


197 


261 


88 


1,033 


156 


1,170 


148 


287 


50 


1,932 


325 


984 


323 


1,394 


321 


976 


182 


1,656 


643 


1,078 


147 


962 


277 


447 


72 


618 


91 


1,586 


265 


1,113 


275 


1,206 


267 


2,284 


592 


2,850 


839 


1,095 


111 


927 

■ 


174 


45,515 


9,519 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry 

Mclntosn 

McKenzie 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 

Total , 

Majority, 35,996. 



206 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VOTE BY SENATORIAL DISTRICTS 

FOR MEMBEXS OF THE 

Tenth Legislative Assembly, 1906. 

FIRST DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Pembina, consisting of townships of Walhalla, St. 

{oseph, Neche, Pembina, Bathgate, Carlisle, Joliette, Midland, 
.incoln and Drayton. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Judson La Moure (rep), holdover. Wm. J. Watts (rep) 616 

(jeo. A. McCrea (rep) 560 

Ludger Bernard (rep) .... 476 

W. Welford (dem) 680 

Chas. Edwards (dem) .... 498 

Joseph Morin (dem) 562 

SECOND DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Pembina, consisting of townships of St. Thomas, 
city of St. Thomas, Crystal, city of Crystal, Hamilton, town of 
Hamilton, Cavalier, town of Cavalier, village of Canton, Avon, 
Liberty, Akra, Beaulieu, Thingvalla, (jardar. Park, Elora and 
Lodema. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

A. Garnctt (rep) 632 C. Ganssle (rep) 680 

Frank A. Halliday (dem) . . 690 Henry Geiger (rep) 660 

E. H. Restemayer (rep) . . 723 

J. L. Walton 'dem) 541 

John Johnson (dem) 723 

Scott Cameron (dem) .... 582 

THIRD DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Walsh, consisting of townships of Perth, Latona, 
Adams, Sil vesta, Cleveland, Norton, Vesta, Tiber, Medford, 
Vernon, Golden, Lampton, Eden, Rushford, Kensington, Dun- 
dee, Ops, Prairie Centre, Fertile, Park River, village of Edin> 
burg, village of Conway, village of Hoople, village of Pisek, 
Glen wood, Kinloss, Shepherd, Sauter and the unorganized town- 
ship 157, range 59. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Thomas Johnson (rep), holdover. Gunder Midgarden (rep) 



H. O. Sunderland (rep) 
H. G. Hosford (rep) . . . 
Joseph Bosh (dem) . . . 
Clark McLaughlin (dem) 
A. H. Walker (dem) . . . 



933 
760 
869 
727 
741 
926 



FOURTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of WalsR, consisting of townships of Forest River, 
village of Forest Kiver, Walsh Centre, Grafton, city of Grafton, 
Farmington, Ardoch, village of Ardoch, Harriston, Oakwood, 
Martin, Walsh ville, Pulaski, Acton, Minto, village of Minto 
and St. Andrews. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 209 



SENATE. HOUSE. 

John L. Cashel (dem) .... 899 John E. Hanawalt (rep) .. 629 

W. S. Mitchell (rep) 481 

Tallack Tallackson (rep) .. 612 

John Babinski (dem) 668 

K. O. Brotnov (dem) 722 

Tobias D. Casey (dem) ... 877 

FIFTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Grand Forks, consisting of townships of Gilby, 
Johnstown, Strabane, Wheatficld, Hegton, Arvilla, Avon, North- 
wood, city of North wood, Lind, Grace, Larimore, city of Lari- 
more. Elm Grove. Agnes, Inkster, Elkmount, Oakwood, Niagara, 
Moraine, Logan and Loretta. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Elling K. Spoonheim (dem) , Edward Church (rep) .... 720 

holdover. T. H. Pugh (rep) 741 

T. E. Tufte (rep) 780 

O. E. Ashbrook (dem) .... 552 

L. F. Mason (dem) 683 

Avery Miller (dem) 356 

SIXTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

County — Part of Grand Forks, consisting of third, fourth, fifth and 

sixth wards of the city of Grand Forks, and the townships of 

Falconer, Harvey, Turtle River, Ferry, Rye, Blooming, Meki- 
nock, Lakeville and Levant. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

H. P. Ryan (rep) 437 Mikel Iverson (rep) 382 

James Turner (dem) 780 S. G. Skulason (rep) 648 

Geo. Hallick (dem) 579 

J. M. Anderson (dem) .... 627 

SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Grand Forks, consisting of first and second wards 
of the city of Grand Forks, ana the townships of Grand Forks, 
Brenna, Oakville, Chester, Pleasant View, Fairfield, Allendale, 
Walle, Bentru, Americus, Michigan, Union and Washington. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

John D. Taylor (rep) , holdover. Wm. S. Dean (rep) 860 

Arne P. Haugen (rep) 867 

John A. Sorley (rep) 894 

Scattering 1 

EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

County — Part of I'raill, consisting of townships of Belmont, Bux- 
ton, Caledonia, Elm River, Eldorado, Ervin, Hillsboro, city of 
Hillsboro, Kelso, Logan, Norway and city of Reynolds. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

H. H. Strom (rep) 616 O. J. Sorlie (rep) 594 

Scattering 5 John Oveson (rep) 611 



A. F. Dyer (dem) 248 



^' 



Blue Book— 14. 



210 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



NINTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Cass, consisting of township of Fargo, and city 
of Fargo, and the fractional township No. 139, range 48. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Louis B. Hanna (rep) , holdover. F. E. Dibley (rep) 923 

L F. Treat (rep) 966 

T. J. Flamer (rep) 862 

Geo. Hancock (dem) 766 

Lars Christianson (dem) . . 732 

R. B. Blakemore (dem) 799 

TENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Cass, consisting of the townships of Noble, Wiser, 
Harwood, Reed, Barnes, Stanley, Pleasant, Kenyon, Gardner, 
Berlin, Raymond, Mapleton, village of Mapleton, Warren, 
Norman, Bell, Harmony, Durbin, Addison, Davenport, village 
of Davenport, Casselton and the" city of Casselton. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

E. F. Gilbert (rep) 731 Treadwell Twichell (rep).. 747 

A. A. Plath (rep) 739 

Clark Moore (rep) 713 

ELEVENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Cass, consisting of the townships of Webster, Rush 
River, Hunter, Arthur, Amenia, Everest, Maple River, Leonard, 
Dows, Erie, Empire, Wheatland, Gill, Walburg, Watson, Page, 
Rich, Ayr, Buffalo, village of Buffalo, Howes, Eldred, Highland, 
Rochester, Lake , (Cornell , Tower, Hill, Clifton and Pontiac. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Frank S. Talcott (rep) , holdover. T. O. Burgum (rep) 844 

R. G. Piper (rep) 836 

/. F. ^Collins (rep) 860 

TWELFTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Richland, consisting of the townships of Eagle, 
Abercrombie, D wight, Ibsen, Center, Mooreton, Brandenburg, 
Summit, Fairmount, village of Fairmount, De Villo, La Mars, 
Waldo, Greenfield and city of Wahpeton. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 



B. F. Lounsberry (rep) .... 495 W. R. Purdon (rep) 
W. E. Purcell (dem) 864 G. H. Korsvig (rep) 



H. J. Arnold (rep) . 
Peter Bolme (dem) . 
Henry Connolly (dem) 
L. Parkhill (dem) ... 



677 
603 
630 
626 
733 
695 



THIRTEENTH DISTRICT. 
(One senator; two representatives.) 
County — Sargent. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

John H. Dyste (rep) , holdover. Livy Johnson (rep) 820 

D. E. Blake (rep) 812 

H. P. Foley (dem) 403 

G. Ilample (dem) 410 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 211 

FOURTEENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
County — Ransom. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Ed. Pierce (rep) 1,009 C. W. Buttz (rep) 826 

W. L. Haupt (dem) 336 A. E. Jones (rep) 1,014 

J. C. Wilson (dem) 520 

FIFTEENTH DISTRICTT. 



ormge, r^ana, jviinnie i^axe, noDari, jrouer, village oi danoorn, 
village of Wimbledon, city of Valley City, township 143, range 

56, township 143, range 58, township 143, range 60, township 
142, range 59, township 142, range 58, township 142, range 

57, township 141, range 58, township 141, range 59, townghip 
141, range 60, township 141, range 61, township 140, range 
61, township 140, range 58. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

George M. Young (rep) , hold- Amasa P. Peake (rep) .... 765 

over. Geo. H. Law (rep) 874 

C. J. Christianson (dem) . . 446 

SIXTEENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

Counties — Steele and Griggs. 

SENATE. 

Steele Griggs Total 
Maynard Crane (rep) 435 457 892 

E. D. Washburn (dem) 352 539 891 

HOUSE. 

G. H. Stavens (rep) 512 407 919 

S. H. Nelson (rep) 539 471 1 , 010 

Nils Hemmingson (rep) 521 493 1 ,014 

F. D. Williams (dem) 216 483 699 

J. B. Armstrong (dem) 194 448 642 

Christ Jensen (dem) 231 417 648 

Scattering 3 ... 3 

SEVENTEENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
County — Nelson. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Iver Swenson (rep), hold- M. A. Shirley (reo) 1,042 

over 1,016 A. R. Swendseid (rep) 997 

Geo. L. Barrett (dem) .... 459 
Scattering 1 

EIGHTEENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

County — Part, of Cavalier, consisting of the townships of Cypress, 
Linden, Dresden, Langdon, city of Langdon, South Dresden, 
Grey, Glenila, Huron, Moscow, Berlin, Jackson, Perry, Billings- 
Storlie, Weber, Trier, Gordon, Henderson, township 159, range 
64, and township 161, range 64. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Henry McLain (rep) 822 U. L. Burdick (rep) 846 

Joseph Cleary (dem) 687 Joseph Crawford (rep) .... 903 

Elias Porter (dem) 630 



212 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



NINETEENTH DISTRICT. 

County- Rolette. ^^* »«iator; two representatira.) 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

C. L F. Wagner (rep), holdover. A. O. Graham (rep) 967 

01c Syvertson (rep) 862 

H. T. WUlcy (dem) 346 

W. Widmeyer (dem) 416 

TWENTIETH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 
County — Benson. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Thos. Koflfel (rep) 866 O. S. Aaker (rep) 951 

E. B. Page (dem) 619 H. O. Blegen (rep) 893 

James Duncan (rep) 976 

E. E. Haney (dem) 334 

D. J. Dnnnmond (dem) . . 443 

E, A. Hatch (dem) 346 

TWENTY-FIRST DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 
County — Ramsey. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Andrew J .Stade (rep), holdover. O. P. N. Anderson (rep) ..1,064 

Bernt Anderson (rep) 997 

Miles A. Miller (rep) 1,183 

A. B. Kerlin (dem) 864 

Henry P. M incite (dem) . . 809 

•TWENTY-SECOND DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
County — Towner. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

R. W. Main (rep) 656 Samuel Adams (rep) 699 

John Kelly (dem) 898 A. S. Gibbens (rep) 1,026 

J. E. Knight (dem) 673 

L. A. Kugel (dem) 454 

TWENTY-THIRD DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 
County — Stutsman. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

John W. Sifton (rep), holdover. A. A. Monek (rep) 1,186 

Will Sinclair (rep) 1,174 

H. J. Murphy (rep) 1,213 

N. M. Brown (dem) 966 

John Maroney (dem) 922 

B. G. Dunlap (dem) 940 

TWENTY-FOURTH DISTRICX 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
County— LaMotire. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

J. B. Sharp (rep) •••••••• 814 A. W. Ctmningbam (rep).* 854 

Scattering 4 C. H. Sheils (rep) 480 

I L. A. • eland (dem) •••••• 78i 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 213 



TWENTY-FIFTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
County — Dickey 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Truman H. Thatcher (rep) , hold- George Rose (rep) 744 

over. C. B. Andrus (rep) 726 

N. Gates (dem) 20 

J. A. Nathan (dem) 23 

Scattering 14 

TWENTY-SIXTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
Counties — Emmons and Kidder. 

SENATE. 

Alex. McDonald (rep) 601 346 947 

W. L. Ycater (dem) 275 98 373 

HOUSE. 

D. R. Streeter (rep) 616 843 969 

John Storey (rep) 600 376 976 

Scattering 2 3 6 

TWENTY-SEVENTH DISTRICT. 
(One senator; two representatives.) 
County — Burleigh. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

C. B. Little (rep) , holdover. R. N. Stevens (rep) 890 

T. R. Mockler (rep) 929 

O. H. Will (dem) 468 

F. R. Smyth (dem) 613 

TWENTY-EIGHTH DISTRICT. 
(One senator; two representatives.) 
County — Bottineau. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

. A. Johnson (rep 1,347 E. L. Garden (rep) 1,688 

. H. McArthur (dem) 1,620 Will Freeman (rep) 1,889 

L. A. Knoke (dem) 1,179 

J. F. Morrison (dem) 1,087 



h 



TWENTY-NINTH DISTRICT. 
(One senator; three representatives.) 
Counties — ^Ward and Williams. 

SENATE. 
H. H. Steele (rep), holdover. 

HOUSE. 

Ward McKenzie Williams Total 

C. A. Johnson (rep) 2,370 381 826 3,677 

F. B. CJhapman (rep) 2,342 311 813 3,466 

Fred F. Carter (rep) 2,379 371 762 3,612 

John Botz, Jr. (dem) 1,166 ... ... 1,166 

Richard Copeland (dem) 1,162 ... ... 1,162 

W. C. McHugh 1,211 ... ... 1,211 



214 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



THIRTIETH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 
County — Morton. , 

SENATE. HOUSE. i 

Ferd. Leutz (rep) 989 W. E. Martin (rep) 1,173 

Samuel L. Nuchols (dem) . . 622 Jacob Rohs (rep) 1,407 

Chas. Weigel (ind) 644 Wm. Simpson (rep) 1,007 

J. E. Campbell (aem) 731 

E. N. Bosworth (dem) 212 

J. J. Strain (dem) 277 

P. B. Wickham (ind) 633 

Ed Holritz (ind) 658 

THIRTY-FIRST DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 
Counties — Stark and Billings. 

SENATE. 

L. A. Simpson (rep) , holdover. 

HOUSE. 

Stark Billings Total 

J. E. Phelan (rep) 340 190 530 

A. L. Martin (rep) 609 276 885 

J. F. Brodie (rep) 662 291 963 

Thos. Evans (ind) 452 149 COl 

THIRTY-SECOND DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 
Counties — Eddy and Foster. 

SENATE. 

Eddy Foster Total 

George D. Palmer (rep) 477 508 9S5 

C. K. Wing (dem) 229 341 570 

HOUSE. 

E. T. Halaas (rep) 380 413 793 

S. N. Putnam (rep) 406 445 861 

Axtel Johnson (dem) 387 377 7!J4 

John W. Murphy (dem) 246 401 647 

THIRTY-THIRD DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.^ 
County — Wells. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

John Austin Regan (rep) , hold- O. L. Jensen (rep) 749 

over. W. F. Shanafelt (rep) . . . 820 

J. F. Wake (rep) 820 

Fred Dethloff (dem) 470 

Phillip Mathews (dem) 327 

Arvid Saterburg 294 

THIRTY-FOURTH DISTRICTT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

Counties — McHenry and Pierce. 

SENATE. 

McHenry Pierce Total 

C. D. Rice (rep) 1,573 656 2,229 

J. R. Nelson (dem) 636 620 1,156 

HOUSE. 

R. C. Wedge (rep) 1,583 672 2,255 

John Steen (rep) 1,459 746 2,205 

O. T. Tofsrud (dem) 1,496 764 2,260 

Scattering ; 16 16 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 215 



Mercer 


Oliver 


Total 


308 


251 


2,235 


295 


252 


2,203 


10 


82 


345 



THIRTY-FIFTH DISTRICT. 
(One senator; two representatives.) 
Counties — McLean Mercer and Oliver 

SENATE. 

August E. Johnson (rep), holdover. 

HOUSE. 

McLean 

Johann Schlenker (rep) 1,676 

H. E. Mathews (rep) 1,656 

Daniel McAffe (dem) 253 

THIRTY-SIXTH DISTRICT. 
(One senator; two representatives.) 
Counties — Mcintosh and Logan. 

SENATE. 

Mcintosh Logan Total 
Christ Albright (rep) 443 614 957 

HOUSE. 

George Elhard (rep) 434 502 936 

John Giedt (rep) 441 492 933 

Scattering 1 2 3 

THIRTY-SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; three representatives.) 

County — Part of Richland, consisting of the townships of Walcott, 
Colfax, Barrie, Helendale, Sheyenne, Viking, Garborg, Free- 
man, West End, Homestead, Grafton, Antelope, Danton, Gar- 
field, Dexter, Wyndmere, Belford, Liberty, Brightwood, vil- 
lage of Hankinson, Elma, Park, village of Lidgerwood, Moran 
and Grant. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Emil A. Movius (rep) , holdover. Geo. Blake (rep) 627 

R. H. Hankinson (rep) 676 

O. T. Grant (rep) 692 

Tobias Hagen (dem) 490 

A. D. Hanson (dem) 541 

James Shea (dem) 432 

THIRTY-EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

County — Part of Barnes, consisting of the townships of Weimcr, 
Noltimier, Alta, Oriska, Spring Vale, Cuba, Svea, Skandia, 
Norman, Binghampton, Raritan, Thordenskjold, OakviHe, Spring 
Creek, Lincoln, Greenland, Green, Heman, township 138, range 
61, township 138, range 58, township 138, range 58, township 
139, range 61. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

Knut S. Ramsett (rep) 696 D. R. Jones (rep) 589 

J. M. Olson (dem) 359 Martin Thoreson (rep) .... 671 

M. E. Hanson (dem) 240 

Scattering 1 

THIRTY-NINTH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

County — Part of Traill, consisting of the townships of Bohnsack, 
Blanchard, Bloomfield, Garfield, Galesburg, Mayville, city of 
Mayville, Morgan, Norman, Roseville, city of Portland and 
village of Hatton. 



216 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



SENATE. HOUSE. 

Anton T. Kraabel (rep) , hold- G. A. White (rep) 366 

over. O. G. Nelson (rep) 447 

E. H. Rishel (dem) 293 

S. S. Wenaas (dem) 356 

Scattering 1 

FORTIETH DISTRICT. 

(One senator; two representatives.) 

County — Part of Cavalier, consisting of the townships of Mt. Car- 

cl, Hope, Fremont, Olga, Loam, Harvey, Easby, Alma, East 
Alma, Montrose, village of Milton and'Osnabrock. 

SENATE. HOUSE. 

C. W. Plain (rep) 590 Robt. Griffith (rep) 606 

R. B. Laving (dem) 555 James McDowall (rep) .... 622 

Peter Zettel (dem) 454 

E. Thibadeau (dem) 478 



i 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



2iea 



DISTRICT JUDGES. 



Abstract of Votes Cast for District Judges In the Various 
Judicial Districts, Nov. 6, 1904. 

FIRST DISTRICT. 

Counties — Grand Forks and Nelson. 

J. H. Chas. 

Bosard J. Fisk 

Grand Forks 1,561 2,415 

Nelson 649 1 ,043 

Total 2,210 3,458 

SECOND DISTRICT. 

Counties — Benson, Pierce, Ramsey, Rolette, Towner. 

John F. 
Cowan. 

Benson 1 , 151 

Pierce 915 

Ramsey 1 , 597 

Rolette 921 

Towner 1,049 

Total 5,633 

THIRD DISTRICT. 

Counties — Cass , Steele , Traill. 

Chas. A. 

Pollock. 

Cass 3,829 

Steele 831 

Traill 1,611 

Total 6,271 

Scattering — Steele 1, Traill 1. 

FOURTH DISTRICT. 

Counties — Dickey, Mcintosh, Ransom, Richland Sargent. 

Frank P. W. S. 

Allen. Lauder 

Dickey 829 571 

Mcintosh 634 280 

Ransom 1 , 074 466 

Richland 1,962 1.562 

Sargent 752 696 

Total 5,151 3,575 



216b 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



FIFTH DISTRICT. 

Counties — Barnes, Eddy, Foster, Griggs, LaMoure, JLogan, Stutsman, 

Wells. 

Burke. Glaspell. 

Barnes 1,432 1,228 

Eddy 353 416 

Foster 382 487 

Griggs • 531 431 

LaMoure 529 555 

Logan 333 155 

Stutsman 1,259 1,080 

Wells 842 741 

Total 5,661 5,092 

Scattering — Barnes 2, Logan 1, Stutsman 1. 

SIXTH DISTRICT. 

Counties — Billings, Burleigh, Emmons, Kidder, McLean, Mercer, 

Morton, Oliver, Stark. 

W. H. 
Winchester 

Billings 233 

Burleigh 1,070 

Emmons 670 

Kidder 437 

McLean 1 , 868 

Mercer 261 

Morton 1 , 465 

Oliver 243 

Stark 664 

Total 6,911 

Scattering — Billings 3, Burleigh 2, Morton 3, Stark 3. 

SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

Counties — Cavalier, Pembina, Walsh. 

W.J. J. M. 

Kneeshaw Myers. 

Cavalier 1,691 792 

Pembina 2 ,099 592 

Walsh... 1,261 1,992 

Total 5,051 3,376 

EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

Counties — Bottineau, McHenry, Williams, Ward. 

£. B. L. J. 

Goss. Palda, Jr. 

Bottineau ' 1,462 1,585 

McHenry 1,133 1,347 

Williams 594 563 

Ward 3,363 2,088 

Total 6,552 6,573 

CHANGE IN BOUNDARIES OF DISTRICTS. 
Under acts of the legislature of 1907 two new judicial districts — ninth 
and tenth — were created. See pp. 269-270. The ninth has been or- 
ganized by the appointment of A. G. Btirr as judge. The tenth jiot 
organized at time of issue of the Blue Book. 



STATP OF NORTH DAKOTA 



217 



VOTE BY PRECINCTS IN EACH COUNTY, 1906. 

BARNES. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



(^ 



1^ 



C4 



c 

2 
o 



o 



u 
u 

3 

PQ 



d 
o 
in 
u 
O 
> 



c/} 



PQ 



Governor 



(^ 



CO 

1/3 



ft) 
u 

PQ 



en 



> 

a 



1 

2 
3 

4 
5 
6 

7 
8 
9 



No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 10 
No. 11 
No. 12 
No. 13 
No. 14 
No. 15 
No. 16 
No. 17 
No. 18 
No. 19 
No. 20 
No. 21 
No. 22 
No. 23 
No. 24 
No. 25 
No. 26 
No. 27 
No. 28 
No. 29 
No. 30 
No. 31 
No. 32 
No. 33 
No. 34 
No. 35 
No. 36 
No. 37 
No. 38 
No. 39 
No. 40 
No. 41 
No. 42 
No. 43 
No. 44 
No. 45 
No. 46 
No. 47 
No. 48 
No. 49 
No, 50 



9 
14 
15 
10 
9 
8 
10 
24 
27 
14 
17 
13 
13 
12 
22 
18 
15 
14 
17 
8 
20 
20 
17 
48 
16 
20 
24 
7 
9 
16 
11 
15 
15 
34 
29 
66 
26 
56 
60 
20 
18 
13 
73 
82 
216 
91 
50 
45 
32 
54 



9 


4 
11 


5 
12 






3 
6 


10 
24 


14 


1 


1 


10 


8 


3 


1 




10 


13 


9 


9 
5 


7 
4 






7 
3 


15 
13 


8 


1 


1 


7 


13 

4 

18 

13 

7 


12 
3 

20 
13 

7 






2 
3 

7 

20 

6 


23 
14 
38 
23 
16 


9 






19 






92 






11 


1 




10 


4 


2 


1 


1 


13 


10 


2 


3 

2 

11 

10 

14 


1 






6 
11 

7 
15 
11 


10 
3 
28 
22 
24 


9 






8 


19 

9 

16 






19 






15 


1 




14 


4 
6 


6 

8 






7 
13 


13 

7 


12 




1 


15 


10 


10 


6 


5 


15 


14 


7 


8 


8 


1 


1 


7 


9 


20 


- 4 

5 

12 


5 

7 

13 






18 
10 
12 


13 

21 
22 


21 






16 


2 




45 


13 

33 

4 

6 

19 


12 

33 

3 

6 

18 






36 
12 
12 
16 
5 


29 
40 
14 
16 
22 


11 






19 






23 






4 


5 


5 


16 


12 


14 


1 


1 


8 


13 


12 


' 9 


12 


1 




9 


17 


8 


3 


4 


2 


i 


8 


7 


13 


5 


5 


2 


1 


7 


14 


10 


5 


6 


1 




7 


12 


36 


5 


4 


2 


2 


25 


18 


26 


13 
33 
11 


11 
29 
11 






17 
51 
24 


26 
52 
16 


63 






25 


1 




52 


26 


27 


3 


1 


42 


46 


63 


16 


16 


10 


10 


47 


34 


16 


9 


10 


3 


3 


10 


22 


14 


8 


8 


2 




11 


17 


10 


10 
30 


9 

28 






10 
54 


14 
73 


64 


1 


2 


76 


34 


28 


7 


3 


52 


79 


129 


59 


53 


3 


3 


77 


130 


75 


37 


33 


4 


5 


55 


77 


47 


22 


21 


4 


4 


41 


35 


39 


25 


17 




1 


32 


41 


28 


14 


14 


2 


3 


19 


29 


55 


53 


30 




1 


24 


70 



1 

1 



4 
1 



4 
2 

1 
1 



11 
2 



3 
2 
3 
3 
3 



J. 



Total 11,49211,2661 679| 647| 69| 66| 923|1,348| 46 



218 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



BENSON 



Repesentatives in Congress 



Governor 



Precinct 



Aurora 

Albert 

Arne 

Broe 

Butte Valley . 

Beaver 

Esmond 

Hesper 

Irvine 

Isabel 

Iowa 

Impark 

Knox 

Leeds 

Leeds City . . 
Lake Ibsen . . 
McClellan 
Minnewaukan 

" Vil. 
West 

North Fork . . 
Normania .... 

Oberon 

Pleasant Lake 
Pleasant Valley j 
Twin Lake . . 

Viking 

West Antelope 

York 

Brinsmade 
Graham's Island! 
North Viking 

Riggin 

Plainview .... 
Fort Totten . 
South Side . . 
Wood Lake . . 
Free Peoples . 
Minco 



Total 



« 



U 



« 



G 
C 
o 
u 

O 



o 

■4-> 

c 



17 
15 

9 
25 
15 
26 
56 
27 
17 
18 
11 
22 
37 
26 
62 
22 
17> 

7 
74 
15 

7 
36 
69 
20 
16 
19 
18 
25 
38 
15 

5 
47 
16 
24 
24 

7 
12 

6 

9 



931 862 



406 



3 



18 


12 


11 


13 


15 


17 


11 


3 


2 


19 


6 


11 


17 


12 


10 


26 


6 


5 


53 


35 


31 


28 


8 


7 


16 


6 


6 


19 


7 


5 


8 


3 


4 


23 


7 


9 


33 


23 


20 


36 


10 


11 


49 


31 


49 


21 


3 


4 


16 


8 


7 


6 


2 


4 


67 


18 


21 


17 


8 


9 


7 


12 


11 


32 


8 


11 


59 


14 


15 


22 


11 


12 


15 


8 


7 


18 


5 


5 


12 


13 


9 


19 


8 


10 


38 


28 


27 


16 


19 


19 


5 


2 


2 


50 


30 


32 


13 


11 


10 


21 


4 


5 


23 


3 


3 


7 


1 


1 


4 


4 


2 


6 


2 


1 


9 













o 



G 
o 
en 

u 

O 



o 
o 



4251 



20 






:^ 



m 



u 

3 



2 1 

i ....'. 
1 1 
1 1 

3 2 

1 ..... 
1 



10 



4 

2 

8 

8 

3 

12 

26 

23 

8 

4 

2 

4 

9 

10 

17 

8 

9 

4 

50 

2 

6 

8 

23 

3 

11 

6 

4 

12 

15 

6 

3 

21 

7 

19 

15 

7 

3 

6 

3 



27 
31 
9 
29 
28 
14 
74 
15 
16 
23 
10 
28 
58 
34 
86 
18 
17 
9 
52 
28 
13 
38 
60 
33 
12 
17 
27 
22 
59 
33 
5 
68 
22 
10 
12 
1 
5 
3 
6 



39111,062 



o 

o 



o 



2 
1 



1 
1 



1 
1 



8 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



219 



BILLINGS 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



« 



u 



Governor 



« 



rt 


c 


C 


o 


d 


4-) 


o 


C 


u 


V 


O 


PQ 






CAl 



o 

en 
u 
O 



C/2 « 






en 



C/3 



u 



■Ji 



o 



Medora* . . . . 
Sentinel Butte 

Beach 

Blodgett 

Beaver 

Yule 

Pullins 

Rocky Ridge . 

H. T 

Rainy Butte . 
Green River . 

Bishop 

Mikkelson 

Total 



48 

61 

62 

24 

3 

8 

2 

14 

19 

6 

20 

14 

11 


46 

55 

58 

18 

3 

8 

2 

14 

17 

6 

19 

11 

11 


3 
2 

7 
1 
1 
2 


3 

6 
1 

1 
1 






49 

58 

67 

25 

3 

8 

2 

14 

17 

7 

20 

14 

11 


4 
10 
11 

2 

1 
2 

1 
2 

9 


2 




1 




















2 


2 










9 


9 






• a • ■ • 


1 

2 






2 








' 





2921 2681 



271 



231 



295 



421 



1 
2 



^Two scattering votes for representatives in congress. 

BOTTINEAU 



No. 


1 


37 


No. 


2 


59 


No. 


3 


35 


No. 


4 


34 


No. 


5 


31 


No. 


6 


22 


No. 


7 


85 


No. 


8 


20 


No. 


9 


94 


No. 


10 


23 


No. 


11 \ 


34 


No. 


12 


18 


No. 


13 


15 


No. 


14 


8 


No. 


15 


38 


No. 


16 


38 


No. 


17 


16 


No. 


18 


19 


No. 


19 


19 


No. 


20 


11 


No. 


21 


23 


No. 


22 


15 


No. 


23 


14 


No. 


24 


10 


No. 


25 


30 



27| 


17 


241 


50 


13 


22 


27 


8 


19 


23 


15 


28 


26 


13 


13 


23 


10 


13 


68 


59 


84 


16 


13 


18 


91 


30 


39 


15 


22 


27 


34 


19 


22 


15 


25 


31 


11 


31 


37 


7 


12 


18 


32 


25 


41 


17 


60 


99 


14 


14 


17 


17 


18 


20 


20 


10 


11 


13 


25 


28 


23 


11 


13 


14 


9 


12 


12 


10 


15 


9 


10 


19 


25 


19 


29 



2 


1 


j 


j 


11 


10 






2 


2 


3 


3 


2 


2 


2 


**2 


3 


3 


2 


2 


2 


2 


7 


7 


2 


2 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 



22 
43 
23 
22 
16 
10 
49 
18 
81 
19 
31 
16 
11 
5 
14 
14 
16 
19 
17 
10 
21 
14 
14 
11 
17 



36 


1 


30 




24 




26 




36 




30 


8 


108 




19 




54 


2 


28 


3 


29 


1 


32 




37 




15 




16 


2 


100 


3 


15 


2 


20 


2 


15 


7 


32 


2 


14 




11 




13 




15 


1 


36 


2 



220 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



BOTTINEAU— Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 




Governor 


^ 


PS 




c 


1 


P 


1 C/5 

C 


c/: 


1 tf 


C 




C/3 


^1^ 








o 












CS 


ti 


c 














^ 


c 


o 




O 


>. 1 cr 


a> 




u 


c 

O 
u 


4-) 

4> 




> 






3 


O 


S 


c 




pq 




» 


w 


W 


c/: 


PQ 




Q 



No. 26 . 

No. 27 . 

No. 28 . 

No. 29 . 

No. 30 . 

No. 31 . 

No. 32 . 

No. 33 . 

No. 34 . 

No. 35 . 

No. 36 . 

No. 37 . 

No. 38 . 

No. 39 . 

No. 40 . 

No. 41 . 

No. 42 . 

No. 43 . 

No. 44 . 

No. 45 . 

No. 46 . 

No. 47 . 

No. 48 . 

No. 49 . 

No. 50 . 

No. 51 . 

Total 



18 
14 
55 
32 
12 
22 
8 
33 
27 
60 
62 
33 
27 
22 
18 
11 
12 
31 
22 
53 
59 
40 
12 
19 
61 
22 



18 
15 
55 
32 
12 
17 

9 
35 
34 
53 
53 
29 
24 
20 
18 

6 

4 
22 
20 
44 
48 
33 

8 
14 
47 
17 



I 



13 
21 
27 
15 
12 
18 
16 
20 
20 
27 
47 
14 
16 
13 
16 
14 
23 
37 
28 
25 
25 
13 
7 
24 
30 
17 



21 
26 
36 
21 
15 
28 
18 
15 
9 
39 
63 
17 
19 
14 
17 
20 
34 
55 
33 
36 
43 
28 
11 
28 
47 
23 



• • . • • 





2 
1 


3 
1 


i 


1 


3 

4 


4 
4 


2 

1 

15 

2 


"ii 

2 






2 
1 


2 

1 


3 


3 


2 


2 







9| 


30 


9 


32 


58 


33 


27 


25 


8 


20 


18 


25 


7 


21 


33 


20 


25 


20 


53 


39 


51 


79 


16 


32 


25 


21 


17 


17 


13 


20 


6 


21 


8 


32 


17 


63 


19 


35 


43 


39 


46 


48 


18 


45 


11 


14 


13 


31 


53 


45 


14 


30 



2 

1 



3 
4 

2 

1 

14 

2 

1 

2 
1 

3 



8 
2 



1,533 



1,316 



1,036 1,425 



92 



86 



1,160 



1,672 



84 



BURLEIGH 



Wild Rose .. 
Long Lake . . 
Morton . . . . , 

Tclfer 

Manning . . . 
Fort Rice . . 

Lincoln . 

Apple Creek 

Boyd 

Logan 

White 

Thelma 



4 

17 

9 

5 

23 

6 

35 

9 

6 

6 

7 

7 


4 

17 

9 

5 

• 24 

6 

35 

10 

6 

5 

7 

7 


2 
3 
7 
3 
2 
4 
2 
4 
4 


2 
3 
5 
2 
2 
4 
2 
4 
5 






4 

17 

5 

5 

24 

6 

31 

10 

4 

5 

6 

4 


2 
3 
11 
3 
3 
4 
6 
4 
7 
1 
6 
4 


































2 


2 


5 
2 


4 

2 







2 

1 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



221 



BURLEIGH— Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



on 



m 



on 



C 

c 
o 

O 



c 

O 



3 



C/l 



o 

CO 

O 

> 



c/} 






Governor 



en 

m 



Driscoll 

Sterling 

McKenzie 

Menoken 

Gibbs 

Hay Creek .... 
River View . . . 
Burnt Creek . . 

Naughton 

Frances 

Sibley 

Christiania . . . . 
Clear Lake . . . 

Lein 

Lyman 

Bohan 

Cromwell 

Crofte 

Glenview 

Painted Woods 

Ecklund 

Ghylin 

Trygg 

Ludden Ranch 

Harriet 

Phoenix 

Richmond 

Andrews 

Iowa 

Grass Lake . . . 

Hawkeye 

Pleasant View 

Schrunk 

Florence Lake 
Hazelgrove . . . 
Bismarck — 

1st Ward . . 

2nd Ward . . 

3rd Ward .. 

4th Ward . . 

5th Ward .. 

6th Ward . . 



Total 



23 

15 

19 

11 

4 

8 

6 

11 

13 

11 

4 

11 

9 

13 

11 

13 

20 

7 

28 

16 

37 

18 

5 

5 

8 

8 

6 

11 

15 

17 

21 

22 

6 

20 

21 

56 

68 
66 
134 
77 
53 



17 
15 


4 
3 

12 
6 

12 
6 
4 

11 

11 


5 
3 


1 


1 


12 


12 
6 

12 
5 
4 

10 
9 


I 


11 


1 


4 


1 


7 


1 


6 


1 


10 


1 


12 


1 


n 


1 


5 


8 

1 

12 


8 

1 

12 






9 
7 


1 




13 




- 


10 


5 
1 
9 
8 
3 
5 
9 
6 
4 


5 
1 
9 
8 
4 
4 
10 
6 
4 






1?^ 


1 


21 


. . . 1 


7 


1 


28 


1 


16 


1 


36 


i 


18 


1 


6 
5 


2 


3 


8 
8 


1 
5 
2 
3 
8 
9 
1 
6 
7 
7 

31 
36 
18 
8 
16 
20 


1 
5 
2 
3 
8 
9 


1 


1 


6 

9 

15 

16 


2 

4 


2 

4 

• • • 


21 






20 


5 
5 
7 
1 

18 
35 
16 
9 
14 
21 






6 

20 




1 


21 







55 


1 


61 




65 




135 




74 




49 


2 


1 



21 

13 

10 

9 

2 

4 

5 

11 

13 

11 

2 

9 

8 

11 

12 

10 

19 

6 

15 

17 

35 

18 

6 

5 

8 

8 

6 

13 

16 

17 

20 

21 

6 

20 

19 

49 
53 
62 
158 
71 
49 



u 
S 



7 

5 
16 

8 
15 
10 

5 
11 
13 

10 

2 

13 

3 

4 

4 

10 

10 

16 

4 

20 

6 

4 

1 
5 
2 
3 
9 
10 
1 
8 
5 
8 
2 

41 
61 
17 
6 
21 
26 



c/i 



o 



8 

1 

2 
8 



1,059 


1,021 


356 


341 


15 


16 


983 


489 



17 



222 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



CASS. 



Precinct 





Representatives in Congress 




Governor 


ct 


: 


Ci 




P 


P 




c/ 


1 a 


(2 




c/i 


,..4 








o 












•■™< 








(/I 










r9 


C3 


c 




u 










JS 


C 


c 




o 


>» 1 t^ 


0) 




CO 
CO 


c 
o 

u 


■4-1 
C 


Ih 

3 


^ 
*« 






3 


o 


'^ 




C 




« 


ea 


w 


« 


c/; 


1 M 




w 



Addison . . . 
Amenia . . . . 
Arthur .... 

Ayr 

Barnes .... 

' Bell 

Berlin 

Buffalo 

Casselton . . 

Cliffton 

Cornell . . . . 
Davenport . 

Dows 

Durbin . . . . 

Eldred 

Empire .... 

Erie 

Everest . . . . 

Fargo 

Gardner . . . 

Gill 

Gunkle . . . . 
Harmony 
Harwood 
Highland 

Hill 

Howes 

Hunter . . . . 
Kinyon . . . . 

Lake 

Leonard . . . 
Maple River 
Mapleton 

Noble 

Normanna 

Page 

Pleasant . . . 
Pontiac 
Raymond . . 

Reed 

Rich 

Rochester . . 
Rush River 
Stanley . . . . 

Tower 

Walburg . . . 
Warren . . . . 



24 


23 


1 
1 

3 


31 


32 


7 


45 


44 


11 


21 


20 


13 


20 


19 


14 


9 


8 


7 


3 


4 


22 


40 


39 


14 


11 


12 


4 


7 


7 


2 


13 


11 


3 


21 


21 


17 


6 


5 


7 


17 


17 


1 


48 


44 


11 


14 


14 


6 


49 


47 


14 


22 


21 


7 


10 


11 


7 


26 


29 


23 


13 


12 


7 


23 


23 


9 


3 


2 


4 


23 


22 


40 


44 


44 


5 


13 


11 


7 


11 


10 


4 


30 


24 


55 


29 


28 


15 


7 


7 


4 


45 


42 


14 


21 


24 


19 


12 


14 


8 


25 


25 


7 


51 


52 


57 


14 


14 


2 


28 


37 


43 


15 


15 


4 


15 


16 


11 


31 


26 


16 


14 


14 


4 


8 


8 


5 


13 


14 


11 


40 


44 


55 


62 


58 


19 


52 


50 


8 


16 


17 


28 



11 
11 

8 
3 

20 

16 
4 
2 
3 

16 
7 
1 

11 
4 

13 

• 7 
4 

20 
6 
9 
3 

33 
5 
7 
4 

39 

13 
4 

13 
8 
7 
7 

55 
1 

27 
4 
9 

11 
5 
4 
9 

49 

36 
9 

26 



1 

3 3 



17 
27 
45 
18 
19 

8 

5 
38 
10 

7 
11 
11 

2 
17 
43 
13 
44 
21 
11 
27 
12 
21 

5 
15 
44 
13 

8 
16 
22 
10 
43 
27 
10 
16 
26 
14 
27 
13 
14 
27 
11 

9 
14 
22 
53 
48 

9 



10 

11 

10 

16 

13 

9 

21 

21 

6 

3 

5 

28 

11 

2 

15 

6 

20 

7 

6 

23 

7 

11 

3 

45 

5 

6 

6 

69 

23 

3 

16 

12 

11 

16 

84 

' 3 

41 

6 

11 

'18 

8 

4 

12 

72 

23 

11 

33 



1 
1 



1 
2 
2 



2 
1 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



223 



CASS — Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



Watson 

Wheatland . . . 

Wiser 

Vil. Davenport 

Vil. Mapleton 

Village Page . 

Casselton — 
1st Ward . 
2d Ward .. 
3d Ward .. 

Fargo — 

1st Ward . 
2d Ward .. 
3d Ward .. 
1st 4th Ward 
2d 4th V\ard 
1st 5th Ward 
2d 5th Ward 
6th Ward . . 
7th Ward .. 



« 






15 
41 
16 
19 
22 
52 

49| 

321 
401 

121 
100 
112 
128 
133 
123 
65 
74 
128 



(^ 



C 

c 
o 
u 

O 



c 

o 

c 

(.J 
CO 



3 



14 


4 


2 


36 


26 


18 


15 


19 


19 


18 


12 


13 


22 


10 


10 


46 


10 


12 


48 


43 


41 


30 


24 


18 


38 


28 


26 


119 


83 


66 


93 


40 


36 


97 


87 


71 


99 


111 


76 


107 


95 


72 


111 


98 


81 


61 


85 


72 


71 


106 


87 


117 


86 


72 1 



Cfl 



c 
o 

u 
o 
> 

13 



Total 2,365|2,223|1,621|1,344| 

I ' I ! 

CAVALIER. 



tn 






Governor 



en 



CO 



3 



2 


2 


7 


6 


1 


2 


2 


2 


4 


5 


1 


1 


8 


6 


11 


10 


3 


2 



16 


3 


41 


22 


12 


23 


11 


20 


19 


13 


43 


19 


47 


50 


23 


32 


33 


33 


124 


81 


98 


49 


90 


99 


99 


121 


lOT 


110 


111 


110 


62 


90 


65 


116 


! 113 

1 


! oil 
1 1 



tf) 



o 



3 
1 
3 



2 

6 
1 
2 

4 
1 

10 
3 



62| 60|2,056|1,884| 58 



Alma . . . - 
Banner . . 
Billings 
Bruce . . . 
Byron ... . 
Cypruss 
Dresden . 
Easby . . . 
East Alma 
Elgin 
Freemont 
Glenila 
Gordon . . 
Grey . . . . 
Harvey . . 
Hay . . . . 
Henderson 
Hope . . . 



99. 


20 
35 
20 
20 
23 
14 
34 
44 
19 
21 
41 
29 
18 
15 
36 
30 
78 
51 


30 

8 

1 

27 

11 

5 

52 

7 

30 

39 

37 

32 

13 

13 

13 

32 

34 

44 


31 

8 

2 

25 

11 

5 

55 

7 

30 

39 

38 

35 

10 

13 

13 

34 

33 

45 






35 
21 
21 


8 
3 


8 
3 


26 
14 
35 


1 
1 


1 
1 


49 






23 
23 


1 


1 


42 






35 
23 
14 


* * * * \ 

2 
2 


2 
2 


37 






29 






8? 






53 







9 
23 
17 
12 
29 
17 
35 
39 
14 
20 
31 
19 
18 
13 
38 
12 
59 
44 



45 
24 

5 
<1| 
131 

41 
611 
23 
43 
44 
471 
59| 
181 
151 
151 
531 

Oil 
611 



7 
3 

1 

1 



224 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



CAVALIER— Continued. 



Representatives in Congress 



Governor 



Precinct 



Huron 

Langdon . . . . 
Langdon — 

1st Ward . 

2d Ward .. 

3d Ward .. 

Linden 

Loam 

Manila 

Milton Village 

Minto 

Montrose 

Moscow 

Mont Carmel 

Nekoma 

Osford 

Olga 

Osnabrock Vil. 
Osnabrock . . . 

Perry 

Scivert 

Sarles Village 
South Dresden 

Storlie 

Trier 

Waterloo . . . . 

Total 



;^ 



1/3 
U 
CO 



161 
191 

56 
561 
19| 
74' 
29| 
151 
51 
17 
56 
15 
9 
62 
23 
79 
40 
38 
39 
15 
33 
19 
26 
16 
141 



X 



c 
c 
o 
u 

U 



16 
18 

53 
55 
16 
63 
29 
15 
41 
17 
53 
14 
9 

56 
20 
76 
37 
35 
36 
15 
27 
19 
28 
15 
14 



o 

<u 



3 



C/3 



C 

o 

en 

u 
O 
> 

73 

W 



C/l 






« 



(A 



u 

3 

pq 



181 
241 

55 
31 

6 
29 
21 
27 
38 

8 
18 

7 
58 
16 
12 
59 
21 
22 
27 
11 



17 
25 

58 

34 

8 

44 

22 

27 

49 

9 

9 

7 

57 

19 

10 

60 

21 

24 

26 

11 



11 


15 


34 


34 


27 


26 


20 


21 


15 


15 



1,420 



1,325 



1,043 



1,092 



51 3 

.1 

•I 

1| 1 
.1 

1 1 

1| 2 

i 2 

i ..... 
{ i 

3 3 



32 



15 
15 

38 

471 

16 

59 

23 

13 

2] 

1? 

32 

11 

6 
42 

8 
61 
23 
20 
32 

6 
27 
16 
20 
13 
10 



21 


71 


19 


9 


33 


43 


11 


13 


6 


63 


42 


41 


8 


16 


61 


82 


23 


44 


20 


45 


32 


40 


6 


20 



24 
29 

78 
50 
11 
53 
29 
311 
71 
S 
4S 
13 
63 
41 
16 
82 
44 
45 
40 
20 
20 
39 
36 
26 
19 
I 



81 



1,043 



1,574 



c/3 



o 



1 
2 



1 
2 



27 



DICKEY. 



Bare Creek . . . 

Clement 

Georgetown 

Porter 

Keystone 

Merricourt . . . . 
Whitest one 
Spring Valley 

Elm 

Elden 

Ellendale 

Kentner 



18 


16 


27 


23 


13 


12 


40 


35 


42 


42 


34 


34 


34 


33 



58 

7 

11 

11 

8 



7 

7 

2 

14 

20 

6 

5 

26 

12 

13 

2 

4 



8 
7 
2 
15 
21 
6 
5 
271 
121 
13) 
2 
4 







16 
21 




1 


1 




10 


2 


2 


33 
41 
32 
34 
57 










3 


S 






7 



21 



121 
111 



7 

12 

4 

20 

22 

8 

5 

31 

12 

12 

2 

5 



1 
1 

2 
1 
2 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



225 



DICKEY— Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



on 



m 
u 



a 



a 
c 
o 

O 



o 
o 

O 



u 
S 

pq 



C/3 



C 

o 

(0 

o 



C/2 






Governor 



o: 



CA 

CO 
C/3 



.Q 



4> 



00 



o 
Q 



Hudson ....... 

Port Emma . . 

Lovell 

Albion 

Ada 

Van Meter . . . 

Kent 

Wright 

J. R. Valley .. 

Valley 

Riverdale 

Ellendale — 

1st Ward ... 

2d Ward ... 

3d Ward ... 
Oakes — 

1st Ward ... 

2d Ward ... 

3d Ward . . . 
Forbes Village 



Total 



19 
16 
25 
11 

7 

9 

7 

13 


16 

16 

21 

13 

7 

7 

7 

12 


1 
1 


2 






17 
16 
24 
12 

8 

9 

6 

12 


3 

12 
7 
7 
2 
6 
4 






11 
6 
7 
2 
5 
2 


12 
5 

7 
1 
5 
2 






















3 


3 


56 


51 


18 


20 


1 


1 


48 


25 


6 
13 

34 


5 
10 

31 


2 
1 

18 


2 
2 

17 






6 

8 

23 


2 
4 

31 






2 


2 


45 


46 


19 


18 


2 


2 


41 


27 


35 


34 


14 


14 


6 


6 


26 


26 


49 


44 


7 


7 


1 


1 


45 


9 


39 


34 


5 


4 


1 


1 


35 


5 


53 
17 


50 
13 


7 
3 


8 

1 






44 
15 


17 
3 











760 



7071 246| 249 



26 



26 



676 



330 



2 
1 



1 

4 

1 
1 



18 



EDDY. 



New Rockford 

Sheyenne 

Munster 

Sheldon 

Colvin 

Paradise 

Fay 

Rosefield 

Pitt 

Tiffany 

Superior 

Dutee 

Rocky Mountain 
Grandfield . . . . 
Washington . . . 



Total 



101 
66 
19 
11 
28 
11 
10 
15 
25 
17 
20 
28 
35 
26 
22 


99 
66 
17 
9 
29 
12 
10 
15 
20 
16 
16 
32 
34 
26 
23 


75 

28 

15 

4 

4 

2 

4 

17 

21 

18 

21 

4 

14 

7 

8 


69 

30 

14 

3 

4 

1 

5 

18 

21 

16 

22 

5 

16 

8 

9 


3 


5 


91 
54 
13 

8 
27 
11 

6 
14 
20 
16 
17 
34 
25 
19 
20 


114 

49 

23 

6 

9 

4 

9 

24 

26 

23 

26 

16 

29 

17 

11 










1 
2 


1 
2 














2 


2 


2 


2 











434 424 



242 


241 


10 


12 


365 


386 



2 



1 
2 



2 
3 



10 



Blue Book— 15. 



226 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



EMMONS. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



(^ 



(0 

u 
cd 



(^ 



C 

o 

o 



c 
o 

■♦J 

c 
PQ 



u 

3 

n 



w 



• o 

(A 

u 
O 



C/) 



PQ 



Governor 



(^ 



£ 



CO 



3 



W 



o 
P 



Burr Oak . . 
Benhem .... 

Gayton 

Hampton . . . 
Cherry Grove 

Tell 

Logan 

Williamsport 

Omfo 

Dakem 

Exeter 

Selz 

Baker 

Linton 

Strasburg . . . 
Westfield . . . 

Union 

Emmonsburg 
Winona .... 
Glanavon . . . 



32 
21 
32 
34 
48 
32 
28 
41 
29 
10 
6 
23 
31 
81 
13 
41 
19 
27 
30 
49 



1*1 
Total i €27| 591 237 240 



81 



30 
19 
30 
34 
41 
31 
27 
37 
30 
10 
6 
19 
25 
79 
13 
40 
19 
24 
30 
47 
i 


1 

11 

6 


2 
11 






26 
21 


7 

11 

7 

1 

26 

6 

3 

10 

9 

15 

19 

34 

15 

19 

43 

4 

5 

5 

17 

• 18 






6 






31 
34 
40 
31 
27 
41 
29 
10 
6 
22 
30 
75 
14 
40 
19 
27 
31 
46 






16 

3 

2 

9 

9 

16 

18 

34 

14 

12 

43 

4 

4 

4 

17 

15 


16 

4 

3 

8 

8 

15 

19 

35 

14 

12 

44 

4 

3 

4 

17 

15 


1 
1 


1 
1 






1 


1 






































5 


6 



I 

6001 274 



1 
2 



FOSTER. 



Eastman 

McKinley .... 

Johnson 

Bordulac 

Melville 

Pleasant Valley 

Glenfield 

Roosevelt 

Haven 

Rose Hill 

Carrington Twp 
Carrington — 

1st Ward 

2d Ward 

3d Ward 
McHenry . 
Dewey .... 



8 
12 
18 
20 
25 
IS 
10 
8 
8 
22 
29 

31 
51 
45 
42 

7 



9 
12 
14 
18 
21 
18 
11 
8 
7 
21 
22 

26 
38 
42 
36 
6 



7 


5 


9 


7 


8 


7 


18 


17 


16 


14 


8 


9 


15 


15 


5 


6 


15 


15 


13 


13 


40 


43 


41 


40 


38 


35 


22 


25 


47 


47 


5 


4 











' 






















1 


















1 


1 


1 





6 


9 




12 


15 




8 


20 




9 


31 




21 


22 




12 


17 




6 


20 




6 


8 


1 


8 


16 




16 


21 




10 


67 




18 


64 




27 


71 




28 


45 


1 


22 


67 




4 


9 





STATi Ol^ NORTH DAKOTA 



^27 



FOSTER-^Contintied. 





Representatives in Congress 


Governor 


precinct 


i 

ft 




C 

c 
o 

u 

u 


c 




1 


Halvorson S 


• 


Pi 

V 

t 
ct 


I 

1 


a 


1 
1 


c/: 

c 




Larrabee 23 


20 
27 
43 


6 

7 

39 


3 

7 
40 






16 

11 

'20 


13 
24 

78 




Nordmore 24 








Barlow 

Total 


44 


3 


1 


3 


445 


399 


358 


352 


5 


3 


260 617 


5 



GRAND FORKS. 



Agnes 

Arvilla 

Avon . . r. 

Elm Grove . . . . 

Elkmount 

Gilby 

Grace 

Hegton 

Inkster 

Johnston ..... 
Larimore . .a. . 

Lind 

LogJn Center . 

Lorreta 

Moraine 

Niagara 

Northwood . . . . 

Plymouth 

Strabane 

Wheatfield 

Inkster City. . . 
Northwood — 

1st Ward . . . 

2d Ward ... 

3d Ward ... 
Larimore — 

1st Ward . . . 

2d Ward . . . 

3d Ward ... 

Blooming 

Falconer 

Ferry 

Lakeville 

Levant 



18 


17 


36 


35 


26 


24 


22 


17 


20 


17 


56 


65 


35 


32 


23 


19 


10 


10 


25 


22 


10 


10 


41 


39 


14 


12 


32 


38 


21 


16 


25 


25 


45 


42 


12 


14 


22 


19 


21 


18 


37 


28 


34 


37 



201 
361 

I 
371 
431 
421 
.71 

^! 

501 
161 
lOf 



211 
311 

331 

391 
351 

151 
51 
531 
171 
121 



19 


17 


1 


3 


10 


11 


9 


4 




32 


13 


15 


1 




6 


13 


17 






6 


20 


19 






2 


26 


29 






28 


10 


13 
13 
14 






13 

18 

4 


10 




• • • ' • 


16 


1 


"'3 


17 


15 
19 

9 
17 

7 
11 
35 






18 
10 
5 
4 
6 
11 
7 


20 






6 






17 






6 






11 






29 




1 


22 


22 
16 






13 
9 


16 


1 


4 


14 


15 


1 


2 


13 


12 


10 
31 






14 

28 


30 


4 


4 


14 


16 

6 

13 

27 






5 

8 

13 

12 


6 






9 






27 




1 


57 


57 


7 


9 


20 


24 


22 


1 


2 


20 


53 


44 
13 
47 
29 






6 

8 

35 

2 


12 






50 






35 


! ' 1 


7 


7 




8 



31 
14 
35 
30 
45 
68 
34 
20 
27 
25 
24 
44 
31 
37 
20 
59 
65 
28 
33 
20 
48 

48 

22! 

351 

I 
551 
98 1 
491 
58| 
151 
731 
481 
101 



1 
4 



1 
4 



:> 



228 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



GRAND FORKS— Continued. 



precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



(^ 



(A 

U 



Pi 



c 
c 
o 



c 

O 

c 



3 



C/3 



c 

O 
ca 

o 

> 

IS 



C/l 



PQ 



Governor 



QC 



CO 

u 
ft 



4) 

PQ 



W 



o 

Q 



Mekinock . . 

Rye 

Turtle River 

Grand Forks — 
3d Ward 
4th Ward 
6th Ward 
6th Ward 
1st Ward 
2d Ward 
7th Ward 

Americus . . 

Allendale 

Benton .... 

Brenna .... 

Chester .... 

Fairfield . . . 

Grand Forks 
Twp 

Michigan . . 

Oakville . . . 

Pleasantview 

Union 

Washington 

Walle 

Reynolds City- 
1st Ward 
2d Ward 



Total 



18 


22 


9 


8 


19 


20 







45 
66 

112 
80 

124 
94 
96 
24 
29 
33 
26 
33 
16 

15 
10 
14 
33 
49 
21 
43 

10 
4 



52 
65 

112 
73 

107 
90 

100 
23 
29 
28 
17 
34 
14. 

13 
9 
15 
31 
48 
22 
44 

8 
4 



48 
15 


41 
14 
16 

60 

91 

119 

119 

131 

107 

109 

39 

14 

26 

27 

19 

10 

24 
19 
11 
15 
12 
37 
63 

7 
14 


1 




20 






62 

92 

122 

106 

134 


1 
5 

3 

7 


4 
3 

7 


101 






95 
40 


2 


2 


16 






27 






IS 






17 






10 






?>9 






20 






10 






13 






12 






37 
70 

6 


5 

1 


5 
1 


14 













5 
6 

18 

48 

59 

102 

53 

72 

75 

57 

5 

10 

3 

5 

19 

10 

12 
4 
4 

14 

33 
8 

25 

8 
1 



l,874|l,794 



1,750 



1,778 



46 



63 



I 
1,05013,020 

I 



3 

I 
8 



1 
1 



4 

1 



39 



GRIGGS. 



Broadview . . . 
Sverdrup . . . . 
Washburn . . . 

Romness 

Lenora 

Greenfield . . . 
Bald Hill .... 
Cooperstown . 
Tyrol 



15 
14 
26 
15 
27 
56 
12 
13 
13 


17 
13 
27 
14 
21 
47 
11 
11 
12 


15 
43 
12 
27 
9 
39 
28 
12 
39 


15 
43 
12 
28 
9 
41 
27 
12 
39 


5 


4 


13 

6 

13 

13 

7 

30 

6 

10 

10 


22 
54 
27 
29 
25 
74 
36 
16 
46 














5 
1 


5 

1 


1 





6 



8 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



229 



GR IGG S — Continued. 



Precinct 



Total 



Pilot Mound . 

Barclay 

Helena 

Clearfield 

Addie 

Willow 

Dover 

Mabel 

2d District ... 

Bryan 

Rosendal .... 
Village Coop- 
erstown . . . . 



Representatives in Congress 



(^ 



u 



438 



c 
o 

u 
O 



c 
2 



u 
3 

n 



w 



c 

O 
m 

u 
O 

> 



w 



C/3 



PQ 



Governor 



P^ 



M 

C/3 



u 
3 

pq 



18 
10 
14 
6 
29 
12 
20 
17 
12 
12 
12. 

85 


17 
10 
10 
6 
25 
13 
17 
16 
10 
11 
12 

77 


16 
17 

9 
29 
35 
19 

9 

13 

21 

,10 

10 

80 


16 
17 
10 
27 
32 
17 

8 
12 
20 
12 

9 

74 






10 
7 
9 
4 

13 
9 
9 
8 
8 

10 
9 

34 


25 
19 
18 
30 
56 
25 
20 
21 
25 
13 
12 

144 






• • • • 












1 


1 










2 


2 


4 


5 



397 



492 



479 



19| 18| 238 



7361 



C/3 



o 

Q 



2 
4 



15 



KIDDER. 



Allen 

Buckeye No. 1. 
Buckeye No. 2. 
Crystal Springs 

Chestina 

German 

Liberty 

Manning 

Moyerville . . . . 
Pleasant Hill . . 
Rexin No. 1 . . 
Rexin No. 2 . . 

Sibley 

Tappen 

Woodlawn .... 

Total 



332 



20 
13 
24 
14 
28 
19 
14 
21 
36 
19 
24 
4 
28 
20 
48 


15 

25 
12 
25 
19 
14 
20 
31 
20 
19 
2 
22 
18 
41 


6 
2 
2 
6 
19 
5 
2 


8 
2 
2 
6 
22 
5 
2 


• 




16 
9 
20 
13 
25 
18 
12 
20 
32 
19 
20 
3 
24 
19 
44 


9 
6 
7 
8 

22 
6 
4 
4 
5 

14 
9 

12 

28 
9 

25 


1 


1 






1 


1 


1 

9 

5 

10 

24 

6 

18 


1 

8 
4 
9 

17 
7 

18 






1 
3 


1 
4 












1 



292 115 



111 



6 



8 



294 



168 



1 
1 



230 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



LAMOURE. 



Precinct 



Litchville 

Prairie 

Sheridan 

Saratoga 

Banner 

Kennison 

Mikkelson . . . . 

Glen . 

Black Loam. .". 
Gladstone . . . . 
Grandview . . . 

Roscoe 

Russeli ....... 

Glenmore 

Bluebird 

Raney 

Greenville . . . . 
Twin Lake . . 
Grand Rapids 

Henrietta 

Wano 

Nora 

Ray 

Swede 

Ovid 

LaMoure Twp. 
Cottonwood , . . 

Lakeview 

Willowbank . . . 
Golden Glen. . 
Pomana View. 

Norden 

LaMoure — 

1st Ward ... 

2d Ward ... 

3d Ward ... 
Kulm City . . . 
Verona Village 



Total 



Representatives in Congress 



Governor 



(^ 






(^ 



(4 

G 
C 
O 

u 

o 



c 
o 

c 
pq 



pq 



C/3 



C 
O 

CO 

u 
O 

> 

m 
in 



m 



CO 

pq 



X 



CO 



u 

pq 



820 739 306 297 



18 



m 



o 



1 

18 
30' 
30 
9 
12 
15 
15 
19 
18 
16 
I 12 


ly 

" 27 

25 

7 
12 
18 
15 
15 

9 
13 

8 
37 
11 

8 
18 
10 
13 
13 
21 
33 
12 
28 

2 

7 

3 
18 
-20 
15 

8 
88 

8 

8 

45 
. .8 
64 
48 
25 


' 5 
7 

14 
9 

10 
3 
2 
4 
7 

17 
7 

26 
2 
3 
5 

14 

11 
8 
5 
8 
A 
3 
8 

15 

11 
3 
2 
3 
3 
. 28 
8 

10 

6 


4 






1 
14 
31 
27 

8 

10 
20 
15 
18 
11 

8 
12 
36 
13 
10 
17 
10 
10 
11 
20 
32 

n 

27 
2 
6 
3 

16 

16 

15 
6 

76 
6 
7 

34 
6 
56 
51 
17 


11 
6 

19 
9 

15 
2 
2 
3 

16 

. 25 

7 

29 
3 
3 
6 

14 
. 22 

14 
9 

12 
4 
4 

10 

17 

13 
6 

11 
8 
8 

48 

14 

10 

22 
3 
25 
16 
26 




5 

13 
9 
9 
1 
2 
4 
9 

15 
6 

25 
3 
2 
5 

13 

12 
9 
5 
7 
4 
3 
8 

15 
9 
3 
2 
4 
3 

29 
8 
9 

7 
































1 


1 


1 


1 
3 


1 
3 


1 
3 


j 38 

14 

1 9 

! 16 


1 
5 

1 


1 
5 


1 
5 

1 


10 

20 

12 

23 

35 

12 

29 

! 5 

7 

5 

19 

21 

18 

11 

95 

9 

8 

49 
10 
70 
53 

281 




1 


1 
















1 










1 

1 


1 
1 


1 

1 


























2 


2 


2 




















10 
14 
11 


11 
14 
10 


1 
1 


1 
1 


1 

1 









191 6871 471 1 19 



I 



I 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



231 



LOGAN. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 




Governor 


a 


a 




c 




c 


i " ^ 

c 


tr. 


1 ' a 


C 


1 


C/3 


V-4 








o 












CQ 




c 
o 




tn 

u 
O 


>. «c 


• 
1 4) 




(0 

l-> 


C 

o 




t 


^ 


^ 






^ 


:^ 


u 


4) 




CO 


ct 


cd 


z\ 


O 


C 


I 


w 




(r 


X 


n 


c/: 


» pq 




Q 



First District — 

1st Precinct . 

2d Precinct . . 

3d Precinct . . 
Second Dist. — 

1st Precinct.. 

2d Precinct. . 
Third Dist.— 

1st Precinct. . 

2d Precinct.. 



Total 



70 


61 


11 


13 


4 


4 


70 


25 


93 

82 

69 


94 
75 

77 


1 
5 

16 








92 
80 

75 


2 
3 

22 


2 
16 






1 


1 


33 
93 


30 
92 


1 
4 


2 
4 






34 
93 


3 

4 


2 


2 


55 


55 










56 













495 


484 


38 


37 


7 


7 



500 



59 



3 
2 



8 



McHENRY 



Willow Creek 
Elm Grove . . 

Meadow ^ 

Deep River . . 

Pratt 

Grilley 

Little Deep . . 

Layton 

Milroy 

Poplar Grove 

Norman 

Red Cross . . . 

Wager 

Cut Bank . . . , 

Saline 

Deering 

Berwick 

Towner City 

Newport 

Gorman 

Smoky Lake . . . 
Round Lake . . 
Rose Brush . . . 

Roosevelt 

Stregc 

Anamoose Twp. 
Anamoose Vil. 
Spring Grove . 



21 
23 
56 
21 
19 
21 
17 
31 
51 
21 
18 
19 
46 
11 

8 
27 
49 
78 
35 

4 
14 

4 
21 
31 
15 
20 
57 
28 



21 
24 
52 
18 
17 
23 
15 
40 
53 
19 
14 
18 
45 
12 

8 
24 
48 
70 
32 

A 
14 

3 
20 
26 
13 
17 
57 
21 



16 

15 

13 

10 

18 

6 

4 

5 

21 

5 

3 

9 

13 

12 

21 

6 

81 

74 

8 

33 

2 

8 

8 

2 

"3 

18 
9 



15 




1 


15 






17 






11 






20 






4 






4 


1 




6 






21 


1 


1 


6 






6 


1 


1 


10 


1 


2 


12 


3 


4 


13 


1 


2 


21 






9 






17 






78 


2 


2 


10 






32 






2 






8 


2 


2 


8 






4 


2 


3 


1 


2 


1 


2 


2 


1 


17 


2 


2 


i> 




• • • ^« • 



18 


21 




8 


32 




42 


39 




14 


21 




17 


25 




15 


12 




13 


9 


1 


27 


10 




54 


27 


1 


16 


9 




13 


11 


1 


16 


13 


1 


36 


24 


i 


12 


13 


1 


8 


21 




23 


11 




33 


40 




50 


120 




27 


17 




3 


33 




14 


3 


' 


4 


9 


2 


18 


10 




28 


8 


3 


13 


■ 4 


1 


20 


2 


3 


41 


38 


1 


29 


18 





232 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



McHENRY— Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 




Governor 


^. 


^ 




P 




c 




a: 


PS 


/-> 




C/l 


^■4 




* 




o 












(0 


CO 


c 




(A 
1^ 










X 


C 


o 




o 


>» 1 V 


1 V 




(fl . 

u 


c 
c 

w 

C 


1 


4- 

c 

4. 
PC 


1 

1 


•4- 

u 


• > 

' 1 


4. 

R 

PC 


i I 


■ % 
1 i 


• 

1 


o 

Q 



Denbigh 

Riga 

Villard 

Regstad 

Lake Hester . 
Balfour Twp. 
Balfour Vil. . 

Odin 

Michigan . . . . 
Cottonwood L. 
Egg Creek . . . 
Kottke Valley 
Granville Twp. 
Granville Vil. 

Norwich 

Walters 

North Prairie 
South Bend . 
Velva City . . 

Voltaire 

Brown 

Olivia 

Bjornson . . . . 

Total . . . . 



29 


31 


16 


18 


2 


1 


29 


27 


36 

44 


37 
44 


11 
19 


10 
18 






34 

20 


18 
48 


5 


5 


14 


17 


4 


7 


1 


1 


5 


16 


15 


12 


5 


9 


6 


6 


9 


14 


25 
42 
23 


24 
38 
21 


6 

17 

5 


6 

17 

4 






22 
33 
23 


13 

30 

6 






3 


3 


21 
26 
22 


18 
26 
19 


4 
3 
6 


6 
4 
6 






11 
20 
16 


16 

7 
13 










21 


22 


6 


6 


5 




15 


20 


20 
34 


19 
35 


4 

8 


5 
9 






17 
31 


7 
14 


*i 




39 


34 


6 


9 


1 




29 


21 


35 


33 


24 


27 


4 




22 


42 


22 


23 


6 


7 


1 




13 


21 


24 
60 
15 


23 
57 
15 


6 

16 

4 


6 

17 

2 






19 
37 
14 


15 
44 

7 






1 




17 


15 


5 


3 


3 


8 


18 


4 


9 
21 


9 
16 


9 
3 


9 
5 






8 
15 


12 
9 











McINTOSH. 



Coldwater 
Grosz . . . 
Hellwig 
Jewell . . , 
Ashley . , 
Lehr ... 
Wishek . 
Moscow . 
Lowell 
Venturia 
Zeeland . 
Strasburg 
Ostrem . . 
Salem . . . 



20 
15 
20 
32 
95 
31 
26 
12 
18 
44 
57 
16 
23 
17 


20 
15 
20 
32 
96 
31 
24 
12 
18 
45 
58 
16 
23 
17 










20 
' 15 
20 
32 
96 
31 
26 
11 
18 
44 
57 
16 
23 
17 


1 

5 

1 
4 

1 

8 


















4 
2 

4 


1 
4 
1 
3 


1 
1 




2 


2 










1 

7. 








6 



































Total 



I 



426 4271 



18 



15 


4 


2 


426 


19 



2 
3 
6 



2 

1 

3 

1 
1 
1 
1 




1 
2 



3 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



233 



McKENZIE. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 




Governor 


« 


tt 




p 




C 


1 w 


c/; 


1 Pi 


C 




w 


^^ 








o 














§ 


c 
o 




(A 

o 


>. u 


! H 




CO 

u 


S 


4-) 

c 

4; 


1- 


^ 

1 3 


re 




•M 
^ 


O 


S 


c 


I 


PC 




PC 


w 


PC 


1 a 


1 PC 




Q 



Morrill 

Cartwright 

Alexander 

Poe 

Johnson . 
Schafer . . 
Banks . . . 
Charlson 
Knipe . . . 
Berg . . . . 
Almira . . 
Wilkie ... 
Keffler . . 



Total 



42 

28 

58 1 

33 1 

28 

76 

14 

28 

28 

28 

11 

19 

11 



29 
22 
48 
31 

29 

67 1 

111 

28i 

27 

26 

9 

14 

7 



11 
9 
4 

14 
3 

16 
6 
3 
4 
1 
1 



13 

10 
6 

14 
3 

19 
6 
3 
4 
1 
2 



1 
1 
3 

IJ 



31 

27 

53 

151 

26i 

61 

8 
30 
28 
29 

8 
13 

7 



405 348 



74 



27 
13 
14 

411 
10 
48 
17 

9 

5 

4 

7 
11 

5 



82 


11 


11 


336 


211 



2 
1 
2 
1 



4 
1 



12 



McLEAN. 



Martin 

Strausburg .... 


53 
. 18 
60 
11 
14 
13 
32 
11 
22 
9 
15 
17 
15 
79 
22 
51 
54 
53 
44 
26 
83 
24 
22 
23 
31 


53 
18 
56 
11 
13 
12 
32 
10 
23 
10 
14 
18 
13 
74 
22 
53 
55 
54 
42 
25 
83 
22 
20 
22 
29 


3 

1 
2 
4 
1 
2 
5 
4 
9 
1 
4 
1 
1 
6 
1 


3 
1 
3 
3 
1 
1 
5 
5 
9 
1 
4 
1 
1 
7 
1 




1 


44 
18 
58 
12 
14 
13 
27 
6 
22 
10 
15 
20 
15 
68 
20 
53 
55 
53 
44 
26 
79 
24 
22 
32 
32 


5 
1 
4 

5 
1 
4 

12 

10 
15 

1 
5 
1 
1 
17 
3 

4 

5 

1 

. 13 

14 

16 

9 

7 

10 


1 


Dogden 

Butte 


1 

1 


j 


1 
1 


Freitage 




Max 








Douglas 

Blue Hill 

Roseglen 

Platte 


2 

1 
5 
5 
1 
1 
1 
3 
1 


2 
1 
4 
5 

1 

j 

3 
1 


2 
2 
3 
5 


McGinnis 

Ulrich 

Greatstone .... 

Wiprud 

Skogmo 

Berlin 


1 
3 

1 


Wittmayer .... 
Lincoln 


3 
5 
1 

8 
7 
15 
11 
5 
8 


4 
5 
6 
1 
9 
13 
9 
6 
8 














Curtis 








Malcom 








Garrison 

St. Mary 

Emmett 

Fort* Berthold 


9 
2 
2 


**i2 
2 
2 


11 
2 
2 


Coleharbor .... 









234 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



McLean — Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



a 



u 
cd 



« 



CO 

C 

o 

u 



c 
o 

4-) 

C 



u 
M 



c« 



c 
o 

(0 

Ih 

O 
> 

cd 



t/3 



V 



Governor 



« 



CD 

C/3 



M 

u 
3 

pq 



(fi 



o 



Turtle Lake 

Mercer " 

McClusky ... 
Lamont .... 

Denhoff 

Goodrich ... 

White 

Whittaker . . 

Eastman . 

Washburn . . 
Underwood . 
Hancock . . . . 

Basto 

Heaton 

Wilton 

Armstrong . . 
Shellcreek . . 
Elbowwoods 
Buffalo Lake 



Total 



84 
28 
65 
25 
34 
61 
37 
15 
33 
172 
76 
17 
23 
5 
63 
58 
39 
46 
17 



79 
28 
65 
25 
31 
61 
37 
14 
33 
165 
69 
15 
27 
6 
60 
59 
39 
45 
16 


24 
5 

10 
2 
4 
5 
6 


23 
6 
8 
2 
3 
5 
6 






63 
27 
68 
24 
31 
58 
37 
15 
32 
172 
75 
17 
26 
7 
55 
57 
39 
44 
15 


50 
8 
8 
3 
5 
8 
6 

4 

33 

18 

6 

2 

7 

23 

3 

2 
4 






























3 

21 

17 

5 

2 

8 

12 

1 


3 

23 

15 

5 

2 

7 

13 

1 






1 
1 


1 
1 


1 


1 


1 


1 














1 


1 






• 





1,702|1,653 234 




1,636| 3541 



1 
1 



40 



MERCER. 



No. 1 .. 

No. 2 . . 

No. 3 .. 

No. 4 .. 

No. 5 .. 

No. 6 .. 

Total 



66 
68 
71 
87 
16 
6 


57 
69 
69 
82 
16 
5 


4 


4 






72 
68 
72 
92 
16 
5 


5 

1 
5 
3 






1 
4 
3 


1 
4 
3 






1 


2 
















STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



235 







MORTON. 










Representatives in Congress 


Governor 


Precinct 


13 

u 

1^ 


(« 

c 
c 

£ 

c 




Q 

c 
o 

c 
it 


Q 

u 
u 

3 


c 
o 

M 

u 

O 
> 


U1 

o 

pq 


I 

c( 


■ 
1 
1 


Q 

u 

3 

PQ 


C/2 

o 
Q 


Mandan — 
1st Ward ... 
2d Ward ... 


65 
139 
81 
62 
91 
60 
26 
71 
53 
16 


59 
129 
79 
61 
90 
62 
25 
71 
49 
16 


8 
41 
16 


6 
39 
19 


1 


2 


61 
135 
71 
60 
89 
61 
24 
71 
50 
19 
27 
44 
19 
42 
15 
11 
33 
25 
36 
31 
44 
26 
40 
21 
31 
40 
54 

6 
89 

9 
28 
24 
33 

5 
12 
54 
33 
41 
21 
25 
26 
59 


20 

59 

40 

1 

17 

19 

8 

4 

10 

1 

1 5 

6 

4 

8 

7 

3 

27 

12 

16 

4 

7 

13 

11 

15 

3 

3 

1 

7 

24 

13 

8 

1 

4 

4 

6 

8 

1 

13 

7 

1 

5 

9 


3 


3d Ward ... 
Hebron 


1 


4 


2 


Glen Ullin .... 


14 

15 

7 

3 

8 

3 

3 

7 

4 

7 

6 

2 

20 

10 

15 

2 

5 

8 

11 

15 

2 

3 


14 
12 

7 
3 
8 
2 
1 
7 
3 
7 
6 








Blue Grass . . . 
Sims 


2 
2 


2 
2 


2 
2 


Enqelter 




Albrecht 

Ingalls 


2 


4 


3 


Marmot 


29 20 
44 41 
17 19 








Crown Butte . . 
Square Butte . 




1 




N. Little Heart 
Sunnyside .... 


42 

16 
12 
36 
27 
40 
30 
42 
28 
40 
22 
33 
40 
54 
12 
93 
16 
29 
23 
30 
6 
14 
54 
34 
41 
16 
24 
25 
56 


40| 

15 

11 

33 

23 

38 

30 

40 

28 

39 

22 

32 

39 

54 

7 
93 
13 
28 
24 
30 

5 
12 
55 
33 
41 
16 
25 
22 
52 


2 


2 


2 


Custer 








S. Little Heart 


21 

11 

16 

1 

5 

8 

10 

16 

2 

2 








Rural 








Fort Rice 

Cannon Ball , . 


1 


1 


1 
1 


Stevenson r . . . 








Weekes 

Emter 


4 


4 


4 


Wehri 








Wade 








Hintz 








Antelope 








Malone 


1 
17 
8 
7 
1 
5 
2 
2 
7 
1 
14 
9 
1 
5 
10 


2 
16 
8 
5 
1 
7 
2 
2 
6 


1 
1 

1 




1 


New Salem . . . 

Bjorum 

Allison 


2 
1 


2 

1 


Pitts 


1 


1 


1 


Dogtooth 




Sweet Briar . . 








Lincoln 








Fallon 








Heilbronn 








Foust 


14 
6 
1 
5 
9 








Judson 

Elm 














Carson r . 








Flasher 














• 


Total 


1,689 


1,631 


285 


300 


19 


26 


1,646 


805 


24 



236 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



NELSON. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



^ 



V) 

u 

CO 



^ 



o 

o 



O 

c 

v 

PQ 



3 

pq 



'J) 



a 
o 

e 

o 



1/3 



>» 


(A 


t; 


t> 






•»* 


U 


rt 


(« 


PQ 


C/3 



Governor 



3 
PQ 



C/3 



o 

D 



Aneta City . . . 

Adler 

Bergen 

Central 

Clara 

Dahlen 

Dayton 

Dodds 

Enterprise .... 

Field 

Forde 

Hamlin 

Illinois 

Leval 

Lakota Twp. . . 
Lakota City . . 

Lee 

Melvin 

Michigan Twp. 
Michigan City 

Nash 

Nesheim 

Ora 

Osago 

Petersburg Twp 
Petersburg Vil. 

Rugh 

Rubin 

Sarnia 

Williams 

Wamduska .... 

Total 



109 
15 
25 
46 
23 
31 
26 
20 
22 
19 
14 
52 
14 
20 
26 

147 
33 
18 
23 
36 
14 
28 
26 
32 
14 
27| 
20| 
23 1 
171 
17 
14 



105 
15 
23 
46 
27 
31 
27 
26 
23 
19 
21 
45 
19 
26 
30 

178 
25 
17 
20 
36 
15 
25 
27 
33 
14 
27 
20 
23 
16 
19 
17 



33 

21 

11 

5 

7 

7 

4 

7 

2 

15 

14 

15 

10 

5 

6 

36 

13 

16 

27 

57 

19 

11 

17 

7 

15 

30 

17 

11 

15 

3 

6 



38 

21 

10 

2 

5 

8 

4 

4 

3 

19 

11 

21 

8 

4 

8 

32 

22 

13 

33 

59 

19 

13 

17 

8 

17 

29 

19 

13 

18 

5 

5 



1 
2 



65 


91 


10 


27 


11 


23 


37 


14 


21 


11 


9 


31 


25 


7 


22 


8 


18 


7 


13 


26 


12 


23 


36 


32 


15 


11 


22 


6 


26 


9 


122 


79 


10 


37 


8 


26 


14 


43 


28 


74 


8 


26 


11 


29 


20 


26 


16 


24 


8 


23 


10 


52 


16 


25 


20 


17 


10 


26 


14 


9 


13 


9 







960 



996 



462 



488 



19 



20 



669 



849 



1 
1 



2 
3 



1 

1 



1 
2 

1 
1 



16 



OLIVER. 



No. 1 


1 
74 
54 
32 
44 
35 
26 


62 
52 
28 
40 
34 
26 


8 
24 
32 
21 


6 
23 
30 
20 






72 
50 
30 
87 
27 
28 


9 

30 

35 

27 

9 

3 




No. 2 








No. 3 


- 






No. 4 

No. 5 


1 
1 


1 
1 


1 
1 


No. 6 


3 


3 












Total 


265 


242 


88 


82 


2 


2 


244 


113 


2 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



237 



PEMBINA 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



^ 



(4 



^ 



a 

a 

o 



e 

o 

c 



pq 



Cfl 



o 

2 

o 



c/l 






Governor 






V 

PQ 



C/5 



O 

Q 



Advance 

Akra 

Bathgate Twp. 

Bathgate Vil. 

Beaulieu 

Cavalier Vil. . . 

Cavalier Twp. 

Crystal City . . 

Crystal Twp. . 

Carlisle 

Canton 

Drayton City. . 

Drayton Twp. . 

Elora 

Gardar ....... 

Hamilton Vil- 
lage 

Hamilton Twp . 

Joliet 

LaMoure 

Lincoln 

Lodema ...... 

Midland 

Neche Village . . 

Neche Twp. . . . 

Pembina — 

1st Ward 

2d Ward.. . . 
8d Ward 

Pembina Twp. . 

Park Twp.. ... 

St. Joseph 

St. Thomas City 

St. Thomas 
Twp 

Thingvalla .... 

Walhalla Village 

Walhalla Twp. 



39 
58 
22 
43 
29 
67 
57 
25 
18 
30 
11 
58 
17 
21 
70 

23 
31 
41 
24 
35 
31 
26 
58 
37 

29 
38 
33 
55 
19 
76 
70 

44 

70 
52 
27 


38 
58 
18 
39 
26 
56 
57 
25 
17 
29 
11 
53 
15 
19 
68 

20 
29 
42 
24 
30 
31 
25 
57 
37 

30 
38 
33 
54 
18 
71 
67 

42 
70 
46 
26 


46 
24 
9 
25 
47 
54 
45 
26 
21 
28 
15 
39 
27 
16 
26 

17 
27 
16 
21 
34 
19 
23 
21 
38 

8 
13 
10 
45 
28 
60 
36 

40 
47 
28 
16 


46 
24 
8 
27 
48 
62 
45 
27 
22 
26 
15 
41 
31 
15 
27 

20 
29 
13 
21 
33 
19 
21 
22 
37 

8 
11 

9 
42 
26 
63 
38 

38 
48 
30 
14 



















































































































































35 
48 

6 
26 
12 
42 
36 
14 

6 
23 

9 
38 
lOi 
10 
37 

12 
18 
37 
11 
20 
28 
11 
53 
25 

29 
29 
34 
41 
16 
34 
46 

24 
44 
30 
17 



53 
35 
32 
48 
65 
83 
74 
46 
34 
37 
18 
68 
41 
31 
60 

30 
42 
27 
88 
51 
25 
40 
32 
56 

10 
22 
10 
59 
35 
117 
62 

67 
74 
58 
29 



Total 



1,384 



1,319 



995 



1,006 



911 



1,607 



238 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



PIERCE. 





Representatives in Congress 


Governc 


»r 


Precinct 


t— 4 

CO 

M 

V) 

u 

1^ 


si 
§ 

2 

o 


o 


Q 

u 
u 

3 

pq 


c 

O 

V) 

u 
O 
> 


C/1 


in 

»— « 
u 

CO 


Q 

• 

3 


o 

Q 


Union 

Grass Lake .... 

Juniata 

Spring Lake . . . 



29 
2i 
10 
28 
39 
27 
27 

9 
22 
22 
20 
12 
22 
18 


1 

1 10 
32 

1 25 
10 
25 
42 
26 
18 
9 
25 
23 
21 
12 
15 
16 


18 

16 

11 

7 

15 

22 

10 

10 

19 

18 

9 

7 

8 

12 

24 

47 

26 

21 

10 

25 

20 

13 

6 

4 

31 

19 

3 

17 

10 

17 

59 
46 


20 

16 

10 

8 

17 

24 

10 

19 

19 

17 

8 

6 

9 

20 

23 

49 

28 

20 

9 

24 

20 

14 

7 

1 

29 

16 

4 

17 

9 

17 

66 
54 


"ii 
1 


1 

14 


5 

29 

18 

9 

14 

13 

6 

5 

6 

11 

12 

14 

10 

5 

10 


27 
26 
. 22 
12 
29 
55 
32 
34 
26 
35 
25 
18 
14 
40 
35 
50 
42 
31 
25 
33 
21 
19 
14 
8 
33 
18 
10 
24 
12 
18 

102 
83 


1 
12 


East Barton 








Barton 

Dewey ....... 


3 


3 


2 


Walsh 

Torgerson .... 


2 


2 


2 


Tofte 








Rush Lake 

Hurricane Lake 




1 




Meyers 








Christenson . . . 








Ness 








Tefferson ..'... 








Tuscarora .... 

Erickson 

Elverum 


31 
16 
27 
10 

1 

5 
11 

7 
11 

2 
24 
15 
23 
]0 

52 
55 


34 
18 
30 
10 

1 

6 
15 

6 
12 

3 
24 
15 
24 

9 

1 50 

1 48 
1 


2 


3 


20 

9 

14 

4 

1 

3 

12 

3 

9 

3 

19 

10 

22 

10 

28 
34 


3 


Sampson 








Sandale 








Elling 

Girard Lake . . . 

Rosedale 

Alexander .... 


1 
1 
5 


2 

1 
5 


5 


Hillside 








Antelope Lake . 
White 






1 








Keller 








Haeel 








Rugby — 
1st and 2d 

Wards 

3d Ward.... 




3 


4 










Total 


615 


614 


580 


610 


33 


35 


368 

1 


973 

1 


30 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



RAMSEY. 



239 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



Governor 



Lillehoff . . - . . 

Lawton 

Newland 

Highland 

Bartlett Twp... 

Hope 

Ncwbre 

Triumph 

Fanchcr 

Prospect 

Odessa 

Stevens 

Ontario 

Norman . . 

. Kato 

Overland 

Northfield 

South Minne- 

waukan 

Minnewaukfin 

Morris 

Cleveland .... 

Sullivan 

Royal 

Lake 

Freshwater . . . 

Webster 

Bergen 

Pleasant 

Grand Harbor . 

Dry Lake 

DeGroat 

Norway 

Coulee 

Irvine 

Churches Ferry 

Village 

Edmore Village 
Starkweather 

Village 

Crary Village . 
Devils Lake — 

1st Ward.... 

2d Ward 

3d Ward.. .. 
Bartlett Village! 



CO 

u 
cd 



27 

38 
19 
22 
32 

6 
IC 

8 
18 
19 
16 
21 
19 
17 
16 
13 
39 

14 
23 
23 
17 
18 
20 
28 
13 
19 
20 
24 
32 
8 
21 
16 
25 
15 

40 

481 

I 
35| 

241 

I 
811 

291 

iioi 

221 



Oi 



3 

a 

o 
u 

O 



e 
o 

g 



u 

In 



C/3 



o 

M 
U 

o 



c/J 



V 




33 


34 


31 


42 


29 


28 


18 


18 


19 


17 


13 


15 


33 


16 


19 


13 


15 


9 


17 


7 


6 


11 


8 


8 


23 


8 


7 


16 


6 


7 


16 


19 


18 


18 


18 


17 


19 


13 


12 


17 


9 


10 


14 


7 


7 


12 


12 


9 


32 


28 


30 


11 


10 


11 


25 


24 


22 


19 


18 


17 


16 


11 


11 


17 


11 


13 


18 


20 


20 


25 


21 


21 


12 


21 


19 


18 


15 


14 


20 


10 


10 


23 


10 


12 


30 


45 


47 


5 


10 


9 


19 


9 


9 


6 


11 


17 


22 


25 


27 


16 


1 


1 


35 


18 


22 


43 


27 


28 


31 


25 


25 


26 


33 


29 


76 


47 


43 


34 


32 


33 


99 


75 


73 


24 


7 


7 



10 
4 



10 
4 



1 

7 *.!'.!! 

1 3 

i ..... 

i 2 

1 



1 



22 
17 
11 

3 
16 

1 
10 
10 
11 
12 

7 

r- 
I 

9 
8 

11 
5 

10 

2 

3 

13 

11 

7 

4 

15 

5 

11 

7 

10 

12 

2 

9 

1 

16 

11 

15 
10 

9 
14 

37 
20 
49 
13 



45 
58 
29 
35 
36 
21 
13 
11 
22 
15 
29 
35 
24 
21 
14 
21 
62 

23 

48 
30 
10 
24 
37 
40 
28 
27 
28 
27 
71 
18 
28 
26 
36 
5 

48 
69 

53 
46 

111 
45 

143 
19 



7 
I 



3 
2 
2 
2 



Total 1,0711,011 




34 



36| 47611,5371 2? 



240 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



RANSOM. 





Representatives in Congress 


Governor 


Precinct 


Of 

'a 
u 




0£ 

C 

2 


* 


c 



■*-' 

c 
u 

pq 


1 


C 

U 

a 
pq 


1 

• 


C/5 

a 
o 

2 
o 
> 


pq 


i 
c/: 




<-< 

a 
PC 


1 


c/: 

c 
P 


1 


Coburn 


18 
31 
25 


17 
27 
26 


1 

7 

5 

8 

12 

15 

20 

7 

2 

3 

14 

6 

7 

7 

6 

10 

13 

5 


1 

1 

9 

5 

9 

10 

15 

21 

6 

2 

3 

18 

7 

7 

7 

5 

10 

13 

7 






18 


2 

9 

13 

15 

16 

19 

34 

18 

5 

4 

12 

8 

11 

10 

11 

11 

17 

9 

5 

19 

5 

37 
54 
21 
2 
4 
21 

51 
26 
19 




Greene 






31 
19 
17 
14 
11 
25 
24 
29 
44 
39 
33 
17 
19 
18 
27 
34 
17 
16 
18 
22 
4 

59 
79 
56 
16 
27 
53 

40 
35 
39 




Liberty 








Moore 

Preston 

Bear Creek 

Fort Ransom . . 
Springer 


23 1 25 

18| 17 
141 14 
351 33 
271 25 
31 27 
43 43 

36 36 

37 35 

21 18 

22 18 
22 23 
28 27 
37 33 
16 15 

16 16 
22 16 
21 22 

4 3 

75| 70 
97 95 
65 60 

17 17 
31 29 
53 51 

1 
621 55 
521 47 
46 43 


1 

2 
2 
5 


1 
2 
1 
3 


1 
2 

1 
3 


Tuller 








Casey 








Shenford 








Owego 








Sandoun 


2 






Big Bend .... 






134-56 








Elliot 








Hanson 








Roland 






1 


Alleghany .... 








Bale 


4 

19 

5 

25 
34 
12 
2 
2 
18 

26 

7 

11 


4 

19 

6 

23 
32 
12 
2 
2 
17 

28 
10 
12 






1 


Aliceton 




• 




S% 134-54 . . 








Lisbon — 
1st Ward. . . . 








2d Ward 








3d Ward 

Sydna 

Rosemeade .... 


1 


1 


1 








Sheldon Village 

Enderlin — 

1st Ward 

2d Ward 

3d Ward. . . . 








1 
2 
1 


1 
1 


2 
1 
1 








Total 


1 1 
1,046| 983 313 315 17 10 900 488 14 

1 1 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



241 



RICHLAND. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



^ 



(4 



Walcott 

Colfax 

Barrie 

Helendale . . . . 

Sheyenne . . . . 

Viking 

Garborg 

Freeman 

West End 

Homestead . . . 

Grafton 

Antelope 

Abercrombie . . 

Abercrombie 
Village 

Dwight 

Ibsen 

Center 

Mooreton 

Danton 

Barney 

Dexter 

Wyndmere . 

Wyndmere Vil- 
lage 

Belford 

Liberty Grove . 

Brandenburg . . 

Summit 

Fairmount . . . . 

Fairmount Vil- 
lage 

Devillo 

LaMars 

Brightwood . . . 

Waldo 

Hankinson . . . . 

Elma 

Greendale . . . . 

Duerr 

Lidgerwood . . . 

Moran 

Grant 

Wahpeton — 
1st Ward.... 
2d Ward 



75 
55 
37 
31 
12 
15 
12 
20 
8 
13 
15 
12 
16 
50 

34 
48 
16 
26 
30 
17 
21 
9 
21 

34 
21 
14 
54 
14 
29 

63 
10 
14 
19 

7 
66 
13 
12 

6 
78 
13 
16 

35 
53 



e 
c 
o 
u 

O 



59 
58 
39 
30 
12 
16 
12 
20 
8 
10 
15 
12 
15 
50 

31 
48 
15 
22 
31 
16 
21 
10 
21 

30 
21 
13 
54 
14 
27 

59 
10 
16 
19 

7 
60 
12 
11 

5 
74 
13 
16 

30 
49 



a 
o 

c 

m 



37 

58 

22 

10 

5 

6 

12 

10 

5 

4 



5 

5 

24 

19 
29 
6 
30 
31 
17 
11 
13 
11 

22 
25 
17 
51 
82 
21 

26 
13 
22 
13 
13 
97 
30 
33 
24 
45 
13 
7 

65 

48 



u 



in 



a 
o 

CA 
Ii 

o 

> 



C/3 



pq 



Governor 



40 

55 

19 

11 

5 

6 

12 

9 

5 

4 



5 

5 

22 

19 
28 

7 
27 
28 

8 
11 
11 
10 

22 
25 
18 
51 
81 
22 

26 
12 
21 
13 
13 
93 
30 
33 
24 
46 
13 
7 

62 

50 







Q 


en 


ft 


1 


V 




u 

"u 

ti 


1 


o 


m 


pq 


Q 


. *l 


68 




31 


87 




35 


25 




25 


16 


1 


11 


6 


1 


14 


8 




9 


15 




18 


12 




8 


6 


1 


11 


6 




14 


1 




12 


5 


1 


13 


8 




35 

• 


38 




27 


28 


1 


28 


63 


1 


12 


10 




20 


34 




26 


40 




13 


11 


1 


17 


15 




6 


15 


3 


19 


13 




24 


30 


1 


19 


28 




11 


21 


1 


55 


51 




10 


87 




24 


28 




46 


45 




9 


14 




11 


29 




17 


15 




7 


13 




56 


112 




12 


31 




12 


33 




5 


24 


1 


51 


80 




10 


16 




11 


11 




33 


69 






35 


78 


2 



Blue Book— 16. 



242 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



RICHLAND— Continued. 



Scattering — Faimiount, 1. 





Representatives in Congress 


Governor 




^. 


» 




P 


1 


P 


1 


en 


cr 


> 


« 


1 


^ 


1 


tr. 


1 


Precinct 














1 

k 

t 






















13 

V) 

u 
ti 


m 

c 
a 

2 
o 


• 

§ 

c 

V 


u 


t 


c 
o 

2 

o 


• 
• 

*S 

pq 


cd 
C/] 

• 




a 
pq 


> 


c 
P 


» 


3d Ward 


411 36 


42 


42 


2 


1 


38 


50 


2 


4th Ward 


71 1 64 

1 


32 


i.c 


33 


1 


2 


52 


66 




Total 


1,276 


1,211 


1,101 


184 


23 


22 


993 1,436 


17 



ROLETTE. 



Fairview 

Mount Pleasant 

Oxford 

Els worth 

Pleasant Valley 
Island Lake . . . 

Union 

Maryville 

Shell Valley... 

Leonard 

Rice's 

Finnigan 

Wolfe Q"eek... 

Russel 

Hillside 

South Valley . . 

Cleveland 

Currie 

Gilbert 

Willow Lake. . . 

Holmes 

Hutchinson . . . 

Rolla 

St. Johns 

Total 



37 
14 
46 
22 

28 
36 
2 
21 
25 
21 
60 
20 
28 
16 
28 
16 
18 
19 
13 
45 
25 
29 
88 
90 
48 



35 
14 
43 
27 
27 
31 
3 
20 
24 
21 
53 
18 
30 
14 
26 
19 
16 
16 
11 
37 
24 
30 
38 
79 
48 



17 


18 


1 


1 


18 


41 


12 


14 


3 


2 


7 


25 


9 


11 


1 




25 


35 


8 
19 


5 
17 






3 

18 


38 
35 


1 




19 
15 
11 


21 
14 
12 






7 

1 

13 


63 
27 
22 








1 


27 
18 

47 
8 


28 
16 
66 
20 






4 

9 

31 

8 


51 
30 
91 
33 






■ 






j 


23 
25 


25 
32 






21 
10 


34 
41 




1 


19 


20 




7 


13 


42 


20 


20 




1 


12 


31 


10 


16 






10 


28 


13 


15 




1 


7 


26 


6 

44 


7 
49 






5 

27 


16 
75 


5 


5 


22 


29 


8 


7 


13 


47 


13 


13 


12 


10 


19 


28 


8 


11 


4 


4 


24 


28 


26 
22 


32 
24 






41 
23 


88 
55 











2 
2 
1 



1 
1 



6 

7 

12 

4 



745 704 



461 



635 



48 



42 



369 



1,020 



44 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



243 



SARGENT. 



Precinct 



Repesentatives in Congress 



^ 



(4 

(A 

ii 



(^ 



a 
c 
o 
t-l 

O 



d 
o 



t-i 

u 



u 
o 

C/3 



e 
o 

M 

u 
o 
> 



ffi 



u 
o 



••a 
pq 



Governor 



P< 



03 



I 



Bowen 

Brampton . . . . 

Denver 

Dunbar 

Forman Twp . . 

Town of For- 
man 

Hall 

Harlem 

Herman 

Jackson 

Kingsft)n 

Marboe 

Milnor 

Ransom 

Rutland 

Sargent 

Shuman 

South West. . . 

Taylor 

Tewaukon . . . . 

Verner 

Vivian 

Weber 

White Stone 
Hill 

Willey 



Total 



817 



18 
32 
12 
30 
18 

48 
54 
28 
33 
26 
43 
23 
83 
40 
24 
93 
31 
19 
18 
28 
27 
17 
34 

29 
9 


16 
31 
10 
31 
16 

43 
55 
27 
30 
22 
42 
25 
81 
45 
23 
88 
30 
14 
18 
28 
24 
14 
36 

30 
9 


18 


19 


2 


2 


18 
32 
8 
28 
17 

42 
47 
22 
28 
23 
24 
17 
71 
31 
18 
83 
29 
16 
18 
28 
22 
19 
31 

30 
11 


17 

10 
16 
11 

22 
82 
12 
11 
10 
64 
21 
45 
37 
28 
41 
15 

4 
15 
14 

9 
14 
47 

18 
12 

1 


7 

11 

9 

14 

25 

8 

8 

9 

33 

14 

32 

20 

17 

31 

13 

3 

16 

7 

7 

16 

41 

19 
12 


8 

11 

9 

19 

24 

6 

9 

11 

31 

13 

32 

17 

16 

32 

14 

4 

16 

8 

7 

16 

39 

18 
12 








1 




1 




1 


9 


2 
6 














'i'e 


9 






5 
4 


4 
4 







788 


390 


391 


46 


31 


713 


615 



o 

o 



o 
O 



fi 



1 

1 

1 

1 

8 
1 
8 



10 

4 

4 



82 



STARK. 



Dickinson — 
1st Ward... 

2d Ward 

3d Ward 


84 
52 
51 
36 
79 
52 
32 
11 
5 
22 


80 
45 
50 
33 
79 
49 
32 
11 
4 
20 


20 

17 

16 

10 

10 

7 

3 

3 

12 

8 


22 

18 

16 

11 

10 

8 

3 

3 

12 

7 


4 

1 


4 

1 


65 
39 
46 
32 
68 
45 
31 
11 
3 
18 


50 
41 
22 
19 
21 
15 
5 
3 
13 
14 


3 

1 


4th Ward... 
Gladstone . . . . 


1 


2 


1 


Taylor 

Richardton 














Antelope 

South Heart... 














Belfield 









244 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



STARK — Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



•s 

u 

1^ 



o 

O 



o 

4-1 

PQ 



u 
u 

S 



C/3 



C 
O 

ID 

Ui 

O 

> 



X 



(fi 






Lehigh 

Springvale . . . 
Farmers Valley 
Plum Creek . . . 
Pleasant Valley 
St. Marys 



Total 



Governor 



cm 



C/1 



u 



5781 5551 152 



156 



10 



12 



492 



70 
7 
20 
12 
36 
9 


69 
7 
18 
12 
36 
10 


3 

7 

1 


3 
6 






65 

8 
21 
12 
31 

7 


23 

7 

38 
11 
















28 
7 


28 
9 


4 


6 







282 



'Ji 



o 

Q 



STEELE. 



Newburgh . . 
Beaver Creek 
Westfield . . . 
Sharon .... 

Enger 

Golden Lake 
Finley Twp. 
Franklin . . . 
Primrose 
Sherbrooke . 

Easton 

Greenview . . 
Edendale . . . 

Hugo 

Riverside 

Melrose .... 
Broadlawn . . 
Colgate .... 
Carpenter . . 
Willow Lake 
Finley Village 
Hope — 

1st Ward... 

2d Ward... 

3d Ward... 



Total 



32 
20 
14 
35 
41 

9 
12 
19 
35 
88 

9 
25 
12 
10 

9 
16 
12 
10 
14 
11 
40 

39 
16 
25 



35 
19 
14 
36 
41 
10 
10 
21 
34 
36 

8 
21 
10 
12 

9 
17 
10 
12 
14 
13 
32 

40 
14 
24 



25 

19 

13 

27 

14 

11 

12 
5 
3 
2 
3 
6 
9 

11 
5 
6 
5 

18J 

2 

6 

22 

12 
13 
15 



25 

16 

12 

26 

15 

11 

11 

5 

3 

2 

4 

4 

9 

8 

5 

6 

5 

16 

2 

7 

20 

12 
13 
14 



10 

9 

9 

17 

15 

2 

5 

10 

16 

17 

7 

7 

1 

8 

7 

6 

7 

6 

10 

3 

10 

17 

6 

11 



53 
31 
17 
51 
45 
20 
21 
16 
24 
23 

7 

7 
19 
14 

6 
17 
13 
23 

6 
17 
50 

36 
22 
29 



2 
2 



503 


492 


264 


252 


6 


6 


218 


679 



6 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



STUTSMAN. 



245 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



ftS 



•g 

u 
IS 



Jamestown — 

1st Ward 

2d Ward.... 
8d Ward.... 
4th Ward. .. 

Ashland 

Bloomenfeldt . 

Banner 

Buchanan .... 

Cleveland .... 

Durham 

Edmunds 

Eldridge 

Gerber 

Homer 

Iowa 

Lowery 

Lawton 

Marston Moor. 

Medina 

Midway 

Melvin 

Montpelier . . . 

Mount Pleasant 

Mutz 

Pingree 

Roosevelt 

Round Top . . . 

Shadow 

Spiritwood 
Lake 

Strong 

Windsor 

Woodbury .... 

Ypsilanti 

Kensal 

Nogosek 

Corine 

Courtenay . . . . 

Spiritwood . . . . 

Bloom 



Total .. .. 1,304|1,209 



105 
131 
56 
80 
16 
62 
26 
.44 
54 
10 
17 
38 
22 
54 
18 
21 
10 
23 
91 
8 
8 
18 
28 
16 
18 
17 
18 
13 

17 
31 
17 
15 
12 
61 
13 
13 
69 
25 
9 



en 



B 
B 
O 

O 



c 
o 



» 



3 



w 



c 

O 

CO 

u 
O 



m 



>» 


(A 


V 


V 


TS 


u 


(« 


(4 


pq 


(fi 



Governor 



on 



86 
111 
56 
67 
15 
61 
27 
42 
58 
11 
16 
36 
19 
53 
16 
20 
8 
22 
89 
7 
9 
17 
28 
15 
17 
17 
19 
10 

15 
31 
18 
15 

9 
58 
12 
13 
58 
24 

9 



V 

3 



. 67 

118 

75 

67 

17 

22 

9 

14 

80 

37 

2 

14 

8 

11 

17 

4 

4 

8 

47 

2 

10 

25 

4 

23 

12 

5 

7 

6 

32 

4 

5 

6 

27 

53 

6 

9 

54 

13 

20 


61 

107 

73 

65 

17 

21 

9 

14 

29 

36 

2 

12 

8 

11 

17 

4 

4 

8 

44 

2 

10 

27 

3 

23 

10 

7 

7 

4 

31 

4 

3 

6 

28 

51 

6 

7 

60 

13 

18 


1 
2 

1 


1 
2 

1 


65 
104 
43 
64 
16 
61 
22 
29 
48 

9 
14 
82 
22 
54 
20 
16 

5 
20 
86 

7 

6 
16 
28 
12 
10 
17 
19 
10 

18 
81 
14 
14 
10 
47 
11 
10 
29 
21 
7 


105 

147 

98 

85 

19 

22 

15 

80 

40 

88 

6 

19 

9 

13 

18 

9 

9 

11 

64 

3 

12 

29 

6 

26 

18 

7 

8 

7 

87 

7 

7 

8 

81 

78 

9 

18 

90 

18 

22 
















• 






























1 


1 


























1 




2 

1 
1 








' 




6 


8 























894 



862 



15 



14 



1,061 



1,177 



C/3 



o 

Q 



8 
8 
1 



1 
1 

8 

1 

1 
1 



14 



246 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



TOWNER. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



^ 



u 

1^ 



^ 



s 

c 

O 
u 

O 



d 
o 

e 



u 
u 

S 



m 



e 
o 

lA 

In 

o 
> 



c/) 



.Si 



Governor 



^ 



to 
C/3 



3 



C/3 



O 

Q 



Coolin 


20 
25 
14 
35 
27 
18 
18 
57 
18 
25 
13 
14 
12 
19 
20 
21 
15 
10 
16 
. 9 
21 
30 
29 
18 
21 
38 
20 
122 
39 
32 
19 


19 
23 
13 
35 
27 
13 
20 
51 
14 
19 
11 
13 
11 
20 
20 
20 
17 
11 
16 
9 
21 
32 
32 
17 
17 
35 
18 
118 
33 
29 
17 


13 
20 

8 

7 
31 

6 
16 
34 
17 

7 
14 
15 
22 
12 
13 
14 
13 
22 

4 
13 
22 
14 

5 

9 
20 
37 
16 
98 
28 
15 
13 


14 






14 


25 
39 
18 
41 
56 
18 
29 
78 
26 
29 
29 
29 
37 
24 
34 
36 
28 
37 
19 
18 
32 
34 
29 
17 
SO 
58 
31 
179 
71 
36 
25 




Maza 


18 

8 
11 
84 

7 
15 
33 
18 

8 
16 
16 
24 

9 
14 
16 
12 
23 

3 
14 
22 
14 

6 

9 
20 
36 
16 
100 
32 
17 
13 






12 

8 

6 

19 

9 

10 

26 

13 

7 

5 

4 

5 

10 

12 

6 

6 

3 

7 

7 

13 

19 

12 

16 

13 

29 

9 

65 

12 

19 

9 




Metcalf 








Dewey 








Badger 








Olson 








Zion 








Victor 








Lewis ^ 

Considine 


1 


1 


1 


New City 

Twin Hill .... 


2 


2 


1 


Crocus 

Nelson 


1 


1 


1 


Greenfield .... 








Iowa 








Virginia 

Howell 

Monroe 








1 






Mount Pleasant 








Rock Lake 








Amiourdale . .. 








Lakeview 








Dash 








Bryan 

Sydney 

Picton 

Cando 

Vil. Bisbee . . . 
Vil. Perth .... 
Vil. Rock Lake 


1 
1 
1 
8 
1 



1 

1 
1 


1 
1 
5 










Total 


794 


751 


578 


598 


16 


15 


404 


1,192 


10 



TRAILL 



Belmont 

Blanchard . . . . 
Bloomfield . . . . 

Bohnsack 

Buxton 

Caledonia 

Eldorado 

Elm River . . . . 



40 


39 


17 


18 


4 


2 


13 


48 


30 


28 


14 


15 


1 


1 


14 


82 


89 
13 

86 


38 

9 

90 


9 
21 

60 


10 
13 
66 






88 
14 
26 


20 

18 

185 






2 


2 


71 


71 


21 


22 


6 


6 


49 


66 


35 
14 


35 
12 


16 

4 


16 
8 






34 
9 


22 
9 







2 

a 



9 

6 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



247 



TRAILL — Continued. 



Precinct 



Ervin 

Galesburg . . . 

Garfield 

Hillsboro . . . . 

Kelso 

Mayville 

Morgan 

Norman 

Norway 

Roseville . . . . 

Wold 

Hillsboro City 
Mayville City 

Portland 

Hatton City . 
Reynolds City 



Total 



Representatives in Congress 



921 



p£ 


K 


c 


[ C 


1 1/3 

c 


C/3 










o 




R 

.C 


1 ct 

c 


? 




ors 


>. 


it 


' C 


■1= 


iri 


> 


o 


Ct 


s 


C 


u 

3 


3 




JS 


c 


pq 


pq 


ffi 


CQ 



Governor 



cm 



CA 

C/5 



V 
u 

pq 



26 
21 
20 
26 
20 
24 
22 
31 
44 
52 
8 
102 
87 
53 
38 
19 


24 

20 
24 
25 
19 
20 
21 
27 
42 
51 
10 
105 
87 
63 
36 
18 


23 
13 
24 
8 
8 
44 
16 
14 
22 
11 
24 
'46 
66 
16 
42 
19 


16 
11 
22 
» 
6 
47 
15 
17 
21 
11 
23 
44 
54 
11 
42 
21 






21 

10 

10 

27 

19 

5 

3 

6 

14 

13 

5 

92 

53 

32 

17 

15 


31 
29 
36 
9 
10 
66 
36 
47 
55 
65 
29 
81 
102 
43 
68 
26 


















1 


1 


6 


6 


1 

'"*8 
1 


1 
1 
3 

1 


4 


4 







I 

903 546 



532 



29 



28 634 



tn 



o 

Q 



1 

3 

1 
1 
2 
1 



1,072 24 



WALSH 



Walshville .... 


14 
2 
18 
22 
10 
12 
29 
18 
27 
27 
48 
21 
2 
21 
67 
26 
13 
15 
20 
29 
32 
22 


17 
4 
19 
19 
11 
11 
29 
17 
27 
27 
48 
19 
2 
21 
60 
27 
12 
15 
19 
27 
29 
20 


27 
64 
43 
25 
47 
48 
68 
42 
17 
28 
30 
43 
26 
64 
17 
24 
23 
40 
21 
20 
13 
23 


27 
63 
41 
24 
47 
49 
68 
42 
15 
26 
29 
43 
25 
64 
21 
. 26 
21 
43 
27 
23 
16 
24 






Pulaski 






Acton 






St. Andrews 






Ardoch Twp. . 
Harriston 


1 


1 


Oakwood 






Martin 






Forest River Tp 






Walsh Center . 
Grafton Twp. . 
Farmington 


2 
2 


2 
2 


Ops 






Prairie Center 

Fertile 

Glenwood 

Eden 


1 
1 
1 


1 

1 
i 


Rushford 






Kensington .... 

Dundee 

Mcdford 

Vernon 


1 
3 
4 

4 


1 
3 
6 
3 



11 

2 
11 
18 

7 

6 
22 

6 
25 
18 
26 
11 

2 
18 
27 
11 
10 
10 
111 
19 
19 

7 



30 
65 
53 
30 
64 
66 
67 
63 
18 
39 
56 
64 
26 
69 
61 
44 
27 
47 
40 
43 
37 
41 



1 
1 
1 



3 
8 
8 



248 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



WALSH— Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



cm 



(A 

153 



01 

C 
B 
O 
u 

O 



o 

c 
o 






C/) 



o 

o 

> 



(fi 






Governor 



QiS 






PQ 



(fl 



o 
O 



Golden 

Lampton 

Cleveland 

Norton 

Vesta 

Tiber 

Perth 

Latona 

Adams Twp. . . 

Silvesta 

Sauter 

Shepherd 

Dewey 

Kinloss 

Grafton — 

1st Ward . . . 

2d Ward ... 

3d Ward ... 

4th Ward ... 
Minto — 

1st Ward ... 
. 2d Ward ... 

3d Ward ... 
Park River — 

1st Ward ... 

2d Ward ... 

3d Ward ... 
Ardoch Vil. . . . 
Forest River V. 
Hoople Village 
Conway Village 
Pisek Village . 
Edenburg Vil. 
Adams 



30 

50 

27 

24 

30 

47 

3 

5 

25 

28 

8 

23 

17 

43 

52 
44 
56 
37 

16 

23 

27 
16 
54 
13 
33 
17 
8 
6 
48 
38 



31 

51 

27 

27 

31 

46 

3 

7 

24 

24 

8 

21 

17 

40 

52 
47 
53 
36 

14 
10 
22 

24 
10 
47 
14 
31 
17 
4 
7 
44 
34 



23 


23 


3 


2 


9 


9 
22 
55 






21 






56 


4 


6 


15 


15 


5 




6 


7 
43 






44 


1 




26 


29 


3 




11 


10 


1 




18 


21 
22 
12 






22 






13 


1 




14 


13 


1 




33 


34 
41 






40 


3 




32 


32 
37 






43 


1 




82 


29 


1 


2 


14 


15 
26 
23 

22 

18 






27 






22 






18 






13 




1 


42 


50 


2 


1 


24 


23 


2 


2 


8 


8 
22 






24 


1 


1 


30 


31 


1 


12 


41 


36 




1 


14 


14 


1 1 


2 


13 


19 


3 


3 



20 
26 
16 
12 
20 
29 

2 

5 
16 
10 

8 
16 
16 
25 

34 
36 
37 
22 

9 

5 

13 

7 
7 

19 

15 

23 

11' 

4 
27 
23 



48 
35 
31 
76 
29 
33 
44 
32 
24 
42 
22 
27 
19 
61 

74 
61 
64 
60 

23 
32 
34 

46 
26 
84 
25 
20 
32 
44 
41 
41 
38 



Total l,342fl,293|l, 49011, 515 



541 



681 814 




1 
5 

1 
3 
1 



1 
1 
2 



3 



35 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



249 



WARD 



Representatives in Congress 



Precinct 



CO 

u 



Oi 



cd 

C 
C 

o 
u 

O 



e 
o 

d 

V 



u 

In 



C/3 



e 
o 

(0 

o 
> 



Cfl 



n 



Governor 



cm 



S 



V 

S 



C/3 



O 



Eden Valley .. 24 

Calquham 10 

Prosperity .... 18 

Stafford 18 

Lake View ... 18 

Homiston unorg 10 

North Star ... 15 

Richland 32 

International . . 16 

Flaxton Vil. . . 25 

Portal Vil 31 

Portal Twp. .. 12 

Short Creek ... 16 

Forthun 20 

Keller 10 

Vale 12 

Dale 22 

Carter 18 

Minnesota .... 15 

Rockford 13 

Graver 12 

Hammerley .... 12 

Hurley 12 

Brandon 22 

Hamlet 20 

McKinney .... 32 

Fairbanks 33 

Denmark 25 

Bowbells Twp. 22 

Bowbells Vil. . 41 

Ward 19 

Clayton 9 

Foot Hills ... 8 

Leaf Mountain 10 

Harmonius .... 7 

Martin unorg. 8 

Habberly unorg. 7 

Roseland 11 

Elmdale 13 

Kenmare Twp. 12 

Sauk Prairie . . 15 

Roosevelt 6 

Grassland 14 

Clay 21 

Lockwood 18 

Callahan 49 



[ 
23 

7 
20 
15 
17 
11 
16 
29 
13 
21 
30 
12 
15 
18 
10 

7 
12 
23 
17 
15 
12 
10 
10 
11 
18 
20 
34 
32 
22 
20 
35 
19 
10 

8 
10 

7 

7 

8 
11 
13 
10< 
14 

5 
14 
21 
18 
51 



5 

10 

9 

9 

12 

•1 

4 

2 

1 

1 

20 

1 

3 

7 

1 

2 

3 

7 

7 

11 

5 

2 

18 

12 

13 

17 

22 

7 

7 

12 

28 

6 

12 

8 

2 

1 

3 

5 

5 

8 

6 

5 

11 

7 

10 

3 

11 



5 


3 


3 


8 


1 


1 


9 






8 






10 


2 


2 


2 






5 


2 


2 


9. 






1 


3 


3 


2 


1 




23 


1 


1 


1 


3 


3. 


3 


8 


9 


8 




1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


8 


3 


2 






7 


1 


1 


7 


3 


3 


14 






6 


1 




2 






18 


1 


1 


14 






14 


1 


1 


17 


1 


1 


22 


1 


1 


7 


2 


1 


5 


2 


2 


14 


1 


1 


34 


1 


2 


6 


4 


4 


12 


1 


1 


6 


8 


8 


2 


1 


1 


1 






3 






5 






4 


2 


1 


7 


1 


1 


5 






5 






11 


1 


1 


7 


2 


2 


10 






3 






12 







21 


8 


8 


8 


10 


8 


16 


14 




13 


13 




17 


11 


2 


10 


2 




12 


9 


2 


30 


5 




14 


1 


3 


21 


4 


1 


22 


31 


1 


11 


1 


3 


14 


6 


9 


7 


20 




9 


3 




7 


3 


3 


12 


4 




20 


11 


1 


16 


12 


a 


9 


19 




12 


7 




10 


8 




5 


26 


1 


8 


17 




12 


24 


1 


15 


23 


1 


27 


31 


1 


38 


11 


1 


22 


9 


2 


16 


18 


1 


21 


66 


1 


17 


7 


4 


9 


13 


1 


8 


9 


8 


10 


2 


1 


7 


2 




8 


4 




7 


6 




12 


6 


1 


12 


10 


1 


12 


9 




10 


13 




5 


11 


1 


15 


7 


2 


18 


14 




15 


8 




40 


23 





250 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



WARD— Continued. 



Representatives in Congress 



P< 



Precinct 



«9 
M 

CO 

il 



Oi 



s 

a 
2 



c 
o 

C 
V 

pa 






C/3 



o 

cfl 

o 

> 



C/5 



cd 

pq 



Ivanhoe 

Greenbush .... 
Spring Valley . 

Spencer 

Kandiyhoi .... 
Vannette unorg. 

Garness 

Colville 

Hanson 

Powers Lake .. 
Powers Twp. . 
Emerson unorg. 
Enterprise .... 

Crowfoot 

Lowland 

Carbondale .... 

White Ash I 

Plain I 

Muskego 

Van Buren . . . 

Ensign 

Prescott 

Margaret 

Tatman 

Waterford .... 

St. Mary 

Maryland 

Carpio 

Ree 

Bergen 

Sweden 

Sorkness 

White Earth .. 

Myrtle 

Manitou 

Ross 

Idaho 

Palermo 

McGahan 

Egan 

Passport 

Berthold 

Foxholm 

Schneider .... 

Eureka 

McKinley .... 
Shorv 



4 

17 

20 

25 

9 

2 

10 

4 

7 

12 

13 



4 
17 
18 
23 
11 

2 
10 

6 

6 
12 
12 



No election 



8 


7 


9 


9 


7 


7 


16 


16 


21 


18 


26 


21 


13 


12 


18 


18 


35 


36 


12 


12 


11 


10 


12 


12 


11 


11 


9 


8 


13 


14 


24 


26 


12 


12 


21 


22 


8 


10 


10 


10 


24 


19 


14 


11 


11 


10 


16 


18 


42 


44 


22 


22 


9 


10 


18 


18 


11 


10 


20 


18 


11 


10 


9 


8 


9 


8 


9 


10 


13 


14 



9 8 

2 2 
9 10 

13 12 1 

3 5 1 
5 6 1 

1 1 

2 2 

4 6 
4 3 
4(^ 4 

held in this precinct 



3 
1 
6 
6 
6 
9 
9 

29 
6 
4 
4 

12 
9 
8 
4 



1 
6 

ii 

3 

7 

4 

13 

6 

4 

1 

3 

8 

15 

15 

14 

15 

7 



3 
2 
6 
4 
6 
9 
9 
30 
5 
4 
5 
9 
9 
9 
3 
1 
1 
6 

is 

3 

7 

8 

13 

6 

3 

1 

4 

10 

13 

14 

14 

15 

6 



Governor 



Oi 



ta 



3 
00 



3 


10 


16 


3 


18 


12 


24 


16 


16 


6 


2 


6 


6 


5 


6 


2 


7 





6 


11 


91 


8 


7 




10 


8 


6 


3 


17 


7 


17 


9 


22 


11 


13 


11 


16 


12 


21 


49 


11 


7 


11 


4 


11 


6 


10 


13 


6 


14 


9 


14 


13 


16 


12 


3 


22 


1 


4 


14 


10 




12 


24 


10 


8 


11 


8 


14 


7 


43 


17 


13 


16 


9 


5 


17 


4 


4 


14 


9 


21 


4 


22 


8 


22 


6 


21 


2 


23 


8 


13 



C/5 



O 

.D 



1 
1 
1 



1 
1 



1 
9 
3 



8 

2 

4 
2 



1 
1 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



251 



WARD— Continued. 



Representatives in Congress 



Precinct 



P^ 



M 
to 
u 



P^ 



o 
u 

O 



Q 



a 
2 



■P 






t/3 



C 
O 

CO 
Wi 

O 



C/3 



J) 



Governor 



Pi 



CO 

C/3 



P 



3 



C/5 



O 



Surrey 19 

Norway 5 

Harrison 26 

Burlington 16 

Des Lacs 28 

Mandan 3 

Carson 8 

Rolfe 13 

Lake 7 

Cando 8 

Alger 22 

Pearl Valley .. 11 

Chilcot 7 

Nolan 8 

Sykes 16 

Pierce 23 

Smith 10 

Severson 9 

Burt 17 

Norman 12 

St. Carl 11 

Grassland 24 

Sawyer 42 

Pitkin 13 

Freedom 20 

Foming 13 

Vang 4 

LaFollette 11 

Spring Coulee 17 

Hutchinson ... 15 

Sanford 9 

Orlin 10 

Swanson 8 

Ryder 13 

Fangedahl .... 4 

Gasman 3 

Ronning 2 

Williams 14 

Walter 5 

Minot — 

1st Ward ... 32 

2d Ward ... 31 

8d Ward ... 27 

4th Ward ... 7 

6th Ward ... 51 

6th Ward ... 74 

Berthold Vil. . 26 



17 

7 

26 

17 

28 

5 

7 

13 

7 

4 

18 

12 

7 

5 

16 

20 

11 

12 

18 

12 

10 

24 

39 

11 

20 

13 

6 

11 

20 

14 

9 

11 

7 

15 

5 

3 

2 

14 

6 

31 
29 
27 
6 
46 
63 
26 



14 
8 

12 
6 

24 
6 
3 
1 
4 
3 
3 
1 
2 
2 
4 
6 
3 
1 
6 
3 

12 
5 

19 
9 
9 



6 
3 
5 
4 
1 
6 
4 
14 
5 
7 



20 
17 
22 
5 
25 
49 
12 



15 
8 

12 
6 

25 
6 
3 
1 
8 
4 
4 
1 
2 
2 
4 
5 
3 
2 
5 
2 

13 
5 

19 

12 
9 



5 
3 
3 
4 
1 
7 
3 
13 
6 
6 

2 
4 

20 
19 
23 
5 
26 
58 
13 



2 


8 


1 




1 




1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


8 


3 


1 


1 


^ 


^ 






1 


1 



3 

1 


2 


4 
2 


4 
2 










1 
3 


1 
3 


4 


4 






1 


2 


2 
8 


2 
8 



12 


31 


1 


15 


13 


24 


16 


9 


29 


28 


4 


7 


9 


2 


IS 


1 


7 


3 


7 


4 


16 


8 


12 


1 


3 


5 


8 


3 


15 


7 


21 


8 


8 


6 


5 


14 


16 


11 


8 


9 


1 


29 


19 


13 


34 


30 


7 


17 


19 


11 


12 


1 


3 


8 


9 


5 


19 


6 


16 


4 


8 


2 


12 


9 


6 


6 


8 


22 


4 


11 


2 


7 


2 


1 


2 


8 


2 


8 


25 


81 


19 


84 


11 


47 


4 


10 


86 


46 


50 


93 


18 


27 



1 
1 

8 
1 



1 
1 

2 
3 



4 
2 



1 
2 
1 

4 



1 
2 

8 
2 



252 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



WARD — Continued. 



Precinct 



Representatives in Congress 



tn 
u 



C 
C 

o 

u 

O 



c 
o 

c 



PQ 



w 



c 

O 

2 
o 

> 



C/3 



PQ 



Governor 



(0 

CO 

(A 



PQ 



Carpio Vil. . . 
Donnybrook . , 
Kenmare City 
Mohall Vil. .. 
Sherwood Vil. 



Total 



33 


33 


5 


4 




1 


22 


24 


28 
78 


28 
82 


19 
68 


19 
66 






24 
66 


24 
93 


3 


2 


23 


19 


53 


33 


1 


1 


15 


42 


28 


24 


12 


14 


2 


1 


17 


25 



2,418 



2,340 1,172 



1,204 161 



153 



1,924 



1,947 



WELLS 



Hawksnest 

Bilodeau 

Fairview 

Bremen 

Eden 

Faliede 

Hamburg 

Germantown . . 

Cathay 

Sykeston 

Johnson 

Grant 

Speedwell . . . . 

Oshkosh 

Fessenden City 

Norway 

Heimdahl 

Fram 

James River . . 

Highland 

Ontario 

Haaland 

Lincoln 

Antelope 

Graupmann . . . 

Russland 

Whitby 

Harvey City . . 
Wells Twp. ... 

Hillsdale 

Pioneer 

Pony Gulch . . 

Buffalo 

Sykeston Vil. . 
Bowdon Vil. . . 



Total 



14 

5 
13 

4 
15 
24 
23 
11 
56 

8 
20 

5 
13 
13 
24 
95 
23 
26 
15 
36 
19 
14 
12 
10 
22 
27 

7 
13 
81 
12 
23 
30 
27 
50 
33 
39 



13 


7 

12 

7 

8 

5 

2 

9 

5 

17 

5 

4 

27 

6 

7 

10 

29 

9 

3 

10 

14 

5 

1 

11 

14 

13 

4 

11 

11 

17 

6 

1 

1 

1 

12 

7 

15 


8 

11 

8 

10 

5 

2 

8 

5 

15 

3 

3 

27 

7 

6 

10 

32 

9 

3 

8 

16 

8 

1 

11 

15 

12 

4 

6 

12 

19 

5 

2 

1 






4 






12 






3 

15 
28 
20 


1 
1 
1 


1 
2 

1 


11 






53 






7 






21 






5 






11 






10 






23 
91 




1 


19 






25 






16 




' 


35 
16 


3 


3 


14 






13 






10 






23 
28 


1 


1 


13 






10 






74 
11 
24 

30 


6 

1 
5 


5 
1 

4 


?6 






49 
30 


12 

8 

17 


6 


6 


34 


5 


3 



13 

5 

3 

2 

14 

22 

19 

9 

37 

5 

18 

2 

9 

121 

15 

44 

13 

21 

11 

14 

6 

8 

9 

10 

20 

28 

4 

11 

40 

8 

20 

22 

28 

39 

24 

19 



9 
12 
17 
11 

7 

8 
17 

7 
35 

9 

6 
30 
10 

7 
21 
91 
22 

8 
14 
42 
23 

6 
16 
15 
18 

6 
15 
12 
70 
10 

5 

7 

4 
26 
18 
45 



W 



o 

Q 



2 

1 



138 



2 



4 
1 
5 



5 
1 



I 
8621 8271 326 



305 



30 



28 



584 679 



22 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



253 



WILLIAMS. 



Precinct 



No. 

No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 



1 
2 
3 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
9 



No. 10 

No. 11 

No. 12 

No. 13 

No. 14 

No. 15 

No. 16 

No. 17 

No. 18 

No. 19 

No. 20 

No. 21 

No. 22 

No. 23 

No. 24 

No. 25 

No. 26 

No. 27 

No. 28 

No. 29 

No. 30 

No. 31 

No. 32 

No. 33 

No. 34 

No. 35 

No. 36 

No. 37 

No. 38 

No. 39 

No. 40 

No. 41 

No. 42 

No. 43 



Representatives in Congress 



Governor 



■ ■ • 



86 
36 
19 
13 
12 

6 

9 
19 
14 
16 
20 
16 

7 
26 
23 
15 
30 

6 
20 

7 
43 
47 

27 
16 
14 
16 
45 
22 
16 
20 
12 
19 
8 
22 
19 
16 
16 
10 

18 
8 
8) 

161 

I 

r 



p^ 



c 
c 
o 

u 

O 



37 
34 
19 
11 
16 

6 

8 
18 

9 
14 
19 
15 

7 
15 
23 
12 
23 

5 
23 

5 
37 
45 

23 
16 
11 
13 
39 
21 
17 
19 
14 
17 
9 
19 
20 
13 
17 
11 

17 



9 
15 



O 

c 



t: 



Cfl 


(fi 


a 






o 






« 




u 




O 


>% 


> 


V 






; 
1 








23 


23 


11 


11 


5 


5 


4 


5 


5 


2 


3 




14 


13 


12 


14 


4 


4 


14 


12 


9 


9 


4 


3 


1 


1 


4 


5 


17 


16 


5 


6 


12 


13 


3 


3 


9 


7 


4 


5 


6 


8 


22 


22 


10 


9 


2 


3 


20 


17 


1 


5 


19 


18 


4 


5 


4 


2 


1 


1 


4 


4 


8 


9 


9 


8 


5 


5 


5 


5 


4 


3 


7 


7 


2 


2 


2 


2 


5 


5 


2 




4 


4 







2 


1 


2 


2 


4 


3 


2 


3 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


1 




1 




2 


8 




1 


1 




5 


6 


2 


1 


1 









30 


36 


30 


20 


20 


7 


18 


5 


13 


11 


5 


5 


6 


19 


16 


20 


8 


9 


13 


23 


17. 


12 


14 


5 


6 


2 


25 


6 


16 


80 


14 


8 


21 


23 


6 


4 


16 


18 


6 


7 


29 


26 


34 


40 


22 


17 


15 


9 


14 


24 


16 


4 


33 


34 


21 


7 


17 


4 


19 


6 


12 


6 


21 


11 


9 


8 


18 


12 


14 


14 


14 


7 


18 


10 


11 


3 


14 


7 


4 


11 


3 


13 


12 


7 



1 
1 

2 



6 
8 



1 

1 



1 
2 
8 

8 

1 
1 
2 
2 



8 

1 
6 



1 
1 



Total [ 8021 7571 321 

I I I 



315 



43 



41 



6781 569 
I 



41 



254 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



LIST OF COUNTY OFFICERS IN NORTH DAKOTA- 



Connties 




County Seat 



Auditor 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billing's 

Bottineau 

Burleigrh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks.. 

Grig-ffs 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Log-an 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McKenzie 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sarffent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



5 
2 
6 
8 
6 
3 
7 
4 
5 
6 
5 
1 
5 
6 
5 

■* 

n 
8 
4 
6 
6 
6 
6 
1 
6 
7 
2 
2 
4 
4 
2 
4 
6 
3 
5 
2 
3 
7 
8 
5 
8 



Valley Citv.... 
Minnewaukan 

Medora 

Bottineau 

Bismarck 

Farsro 

Langdon 

Ellendate , 

New Rockford 

Linton 

Carring-ton 

Grand Forks . . 
Cooperstown... 

Steele 

LaMoure 

Napoleon , 

Towner 

Ashley 

Schafer 

Washburn 

Stanton 

Mandan 

Lakota 

Center 

Pembina 

Rusrby 

Devils Lake .. . 

Lisbon 

Wahpeton 

Rolla 

Forman 

Dickinson 

Sherbrooke 

Jamestown .. .. 

Cando 

Hillsboro 

Grafton 

Minot 

Fessenden 

Williston 



Chas. W. Nelson 
J. W. Olson 
J. A. McGreg-or 
Iver M. Brandjord 
I. W. Healy 
Arthur G. Lewis 
Joseph 'ower 

A. W. Evgabroad 
W. C. Schwoebel 
J. G. Pitts 

C. M. Porter 
Hans Anderson 
R. M. Co wen 
George G. Bope 
E. W. Field 
Carl Kaz 
H. A. Rothg-arn 
P. T. Kretschmar 

B. W. Dimmick 
O. B. Win? 
Henry Sairehorn 
H. J. Tavis 
Jonas Burreson 
N. Scott JeVett 
Wm. W. Felson 
John Kellesvigr 
Emil S. Eich 
Geo. W. Ferg-uson 
E. S. Cameron 
Jas. A Brown 

R P. Irving 
J. S. White 
S. McPherson 
Andrew Blswett 
Frank Shanby 
Peter Davidson 
O. M. Frazer 
J. W. Fabrick 
Fred Dix 
E. M. Atterbcrry 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



255 



County Officers in North Dalcota — Continued. 



Counties 



■a OB 



Sheriff 



Clerk of Court 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billingrs 

Bottineau . ... 

Burleigh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddj 

, Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Grig-firs 

Kidder 

LaMoure.... 

Logan 

McHenrj 

Mcintosh 

McKenzie 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton , 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



5 
2 
6 
8 
6 
3 
7 
4 
5 
6 
5 
1 
5 
6 
5 
5 
8 
4 
6 
6 
6 
6 
1 
6 
1 
2 
2 
4 
4 
2 
4 
6 
3 
5 
2 
3 
7 
8 
5 
8 



Casper Winkler 

John S. Aker 

C.F.Will 

Neil H. McKinnon 

D.J. McGillis 

W. E. Hunt 

Peter Reid 

Joseph C. Drew 

George F. Fahrer 

William Jones 

James Nelson 

0. G. Hanson 

Mason Knapp 

Hiram S. Darling 

N. J. Cruden 

George Laney 

Ador A. Jevnager *. 

Emanuel Hildenbrand . 

Frank Poe 

J. A. Beck 

Chas. A. Heinemeyer.. . 

Henry Bechtold 

Peter E. Sandlie 

E B. Shaffer 

George Road house 

FredL. Ely 

Wm. H. Belford 

T. J. Dwire 

U. V. Robbins 

E. F Taylor 

W. T. Jackmaii 

T. N. Hartung 

1. W. Stanley 

H. A. Wasser 

James Taylor 

Albert J. Osmon 

C. C.Hankey 

John J. Lee 

Wm. A. Graupmann 

L. L. Lampman 



Frank S. Henry 
George E. Moxley 
Henry Gilbert 
C. R. Wilber 
A. W, Cook 
N. B. Pinkham 
H. O. Storlie 
J. E. Baker 
Peter Prader 
P. G. Rooks 
S. J. Malen 
M. W. Spaulding 
Gunder Frigaard 
Frank E. Morse 
O. G. Monroe 
Herman Hardt 
E. E. Ellis 
Robert C. Miles 
William Portwood 
Gottlieb O. Raugust 
John Bohrer Jr. 
Ed. Morck 
R. J. Roberts 
Victor R. Boerner 
George Peterson 
George Watson 
T. Thorson 
J. Victor Backlund 
J. M. Kramer 
C. J. Partridge 
O. B. Johnson 
J. G. Saunders 
P. O. Sathre 
George T. Richmond 
W. E. Peck 
Barney C. Boyd 
N. H. Rinde 
J. E. Smith 
Mark Hunt 
A. H. Brown 



256 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



County Officers in Nortli Dalcota — Continued. 



Connties 






Reg-ister of Deeds 



Staters Attorney 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billing's 

Bottineau 

Burleig-h 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Forks.. 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMonre 

Log-an 

McHenry ... . 

Mcintosh 

McKenzie 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sarg-ent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



2 

6 
8 
6 
3 
7 
4 
5 
6 
5 
1 
5 
6 
5 
5 
8 
4 
6 
6 
6 
6 
1 
6 
7 
2 
2 
4 
4 
2 
4 
6 
3 
5 
2 
3 
7 
8 
5 
8 



Martin 1 verson 

C. E. Baker 

George E. Burgess . . 

A. F. Peterson 

J. L. Peterson 

E. H. Holte 

Allan Pinkerton 

W. E. Kelloggr 

A. G. Gardner 

P.J. Wittmayer 

Preston Garland 

H. Hancock 

O. M. Westley 

E. B. Miller 

H. W. French 

John Goehring 

Henry H.Bergh 

Fred Heinrich 

H. L. Moe 

H. C. Nygaard 

John Netzer 

A. M. Packard 

Peter J. Sjurseth 

Frank A. Moore 

John F. Gill 

Harvey Hoff 

Martin A. Hoghaug. 

R. S. Campbell 

A. J. Nelson 

C. M. Coghlan 

D. L. Warniner 

John Leask 

H. J. Rindy 

George M cKenzie. . . , 

Burt Moy Ian 

T. C. Boyson . 

F. A. Welch 

Gunder S. Reishus.. 

OleS. Hedahl 

H.E. Field 



Alfred Znger 
W. H. Thomas 
John Keohane 
E. C. Bowen 
A. T. Patterson 
W. H. Barnett 
P. G. Johnson 
E. E. Cassels 
R. P. Allison 
Georg-e W. Lynn 
J. W. White 
J. B. Wineman 
Beni. Tufte 
J. W, Walker 
R. W. S. Blackwell 
Geo. A. McKenna 
Albert Weber 
G. M. Gannon 
Robert Norheim 
W. L. Nuessle 
H. L. Benschoten 
B. W. Shaw 
John H. Fleming- 
Jessie V. McCormick 
Mags. Brynjolfson 
Albert E. Coger 
Sever Serumg-ard 
Alfred M. Kvello 
Gustav Schuler 
H. E. Plymat 
E. W. Bowen 
M. L. McBride 
J. M. Johnson 
George W. Thorp 
J. J. Kehoe 
Theo. Kaldor 
H. C. DePuy 
George A. McGee 
Henry J. Bessesen 
Van R. Brown 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



257 



County Officers in North Dalcota — Continued. 



Counties 






County Judg'e 



Supt. of Schools 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billingrs 

Bottineau.;... 

Burleisrh 

Cass 

Cavalier 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Foster 

Grand Porks. 

Griggs 

Kidder 

I«aMoure 

Logran 

Mc Henry. ... 

Mcintosh 

McKenzie. ... 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sarsrent 

Stark 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



5 
2 
6 
8 
6 
3 
7 
4 
5 
6 
5 
1 
5 
6 
5 
5 
8 
4 
6 
6 
6 
6 
1 
6 
7 
2 
2 
4 
4 
2 
4 
6 
S 
5 
2 
8 
7 
8 
5 
8 



O. H. de S. Irg-ens .. 

Alfred Dresser 

J, A. Paxton 

John H. Kirk 

M. J. McKenzie.. .. 

A. G. Hanson 

H. E. Dorval 

George H. Fay 

D. F. Ellsworth.... 

Chas. B. Car ley 

J. Lemert 

L. K. Hassell 

Will H. Car leton.... 

F. P. Leamy 

C. H.Baker 

Georg-e A. Brvant .. 

Henry S. Kline 

Jacob Breitlingr 

F. S. Kellosrg 

G. Oljreirson 

John Sness Jr 

William McKendry 

W. H. Smith. 

J. W. Bennett 

H.G.Vick 

J. T. Berdahl 

John F. Henry 

Forest S. Thomas . . 

Andreas Jersin 

W. M. Hunt 

J. W. Christian 

John Vander I«as. .. 

Adam S. Moote 

Marion Conklin 

J. A. Mahood 

Jorgren Howard 

Georfire Shepherd. . 

N. Davis 

Alo^s Wartner 

A. L. Butler 



Micnie J. Nelson 
N. T. Teiffen 
J. A. Kitchen 
Peter E. Christenson 

C. L. Viffness 
Mattie M. Davis 
B. E. Groom 

G. M. Lovell 
Ellen Mattson 
Jessie B. Sandidgre 
Mary J. Cain 
Helen Prindeville 
I. A. Kampen 
Cora A. Scott 
H. D. Mack 
R. A. McCalmont 

D. McDonald 
W. A. I<inn 
Anice J. Nelson 
Henry C. Olson 
Matt O'Neil 

F. W. Lorin 
B O. Skrivseth 
Mrs. I. O. Jenness 
F. M. Sherarts 
Iiucy Seiple 
Laurena Vannier 
F. V. Hutchinson 
R. M. Black 

E. M. Sherry 
Tene McCarten 
Lloyd Rader 
Albert G. Miller 
Fred M. Wanner 
John Gang- 

B. A. Wallace 
B, B. Wells 
E. G. Warren 
Josephyne M. Paulson 
Mrs. W. C. Tatem 



Blue Book— 17 



258 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



County Officers in North Dalcota — Continued. 



Counties 




Treasurer 



Public Administrator 



Barnes I 5 

Benson 2 

Billinprs I 6 

Bottineau 8 

Burleigh | 6 

Cass j 8 

Cavalier ; 7 

Dickey i 4 

Eddy 5 

Emmons 6 

Foster I 5 

Grand Forks.. ' 1 

Grigrg-s 5 

Kidder 6 

LaMoure 5 

JjOva.n 5 

McHenry 8 

Mcintosh 4 

McKenzie 6 

McLean 6 

Mercer 6 

Morton 6 

Nelson ' 1 

Oliver 6 

Pembina 7 

Pierce 2 

Ramsey 2 

Ransom 4 

Richland 4 

Rolette 2 

Sarg-ent 4 

Stark 6 

Steele 3 

Stutsman 5 

Towner 2 

Traill 3 

Walsh 7 

Ward 8 

Wells 5 

Williams 8 



Lloyd Morton 

E. H. Cowell 

J. S. Snyder 

H. C. Harty 

L. W. Sperry 

H. A. McConville. 
Thos, Sheehan.... 

Hans Lee 

L. C. Oefstedahl.. 

G A. Herolz 

J. R. Rusk 

D. McDonald 

Seval Friswold 

M. F. Woessner .. 

G. Buetow 

Christian Baltzer. 

L. B, Pendroy 

John F. George 

G. W. Millhouse.. 
A. T. Danielson.... 

Paul Leupp 

A. Boley 

Fred Lindvig 

Henry Cordess 

EUs Thorwaldson 

Karl Julsrud 

Fred A. Baker 

E. B. Knapp 

Stephen Braum... 

Jas. H. Penny 

E. B. Johnson 

John Reissbeck... , 

G. O. Johnson 

Robt. E. Wallace. 

W. P. Atkins 

T. A. Koppang 

R. M. Viirness 

A. C. Nedrud 

W. E.Low 

B. L. Hardaway. . , 



John Holmes 

H. A. Blegen 

None 

N. C. Wegner 

T. C. Tees 

Henry Krogh 

F A. McDonald 

D. T. Youker 
None 

None 

F. R. Cruden 

James Twamley 

E. W. Everpon 
P. J. Lvons 

W. C. Batterson 

None 

W. F. Smith 

Jacob Weidman 

A. W. Main 

Henry Borlz 

Robert Weidner 

S. W. Unkenholz 

Grant Allin 

None 

T. R. Shaw 

John Salterlie 

Chas E. Taylor 

Harlev S. Grover 

R. G. Tweeton 

Frank Rosscup 

None 

Peter Heiser 

C. G. Boise 

Geo. Woodberry 

L. J. Ransier 

O. C. Hauan 

A. E. Cobb 

A . W. Gray 

John G. Heitzmann 

John Van Slyke 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



259 



LIST OF ATTORNEYS IN NORTH DAKOTA. 

AS RETURNED BY CLERKS OF COURT. 



BARNES. 



Herman Winterer . . . Valley 
George M. Young. . .Valley 

A. P. Paulson Valley 

Lee Combs Valley 

H. A. Olsberg Valley 

E. K. Mason Valley 

E. T. Burke Valley 



City 
City 
City 
City 
City 
City 
City 



Alfred Zuger Valley City 

Theodore S. Lindland Valley City 

Jerome Parks Wimbledon 

J. F. Page Valley City 

M. F. Englert Valley City 

G. D. Jones Valley City 

D. S. Ritchie Valley City 



BENSON. 



C. L. Lindstrom . . . Minnewaukan 
O. D. Comstock. . .Minnewaukan 

C. W. Buttz Minnewaukan 

R. A. Stuart Minnewaukan 

Theo. Koflfel Esmond 

A. B. Atkins Oberon 

Paul Crum Esmond 



H. L. Halverson .' Esmond 

Jas. H. McCarty York 

W. H. Thomas Leeds 

A. E. Buttz Le^ds 

M. A. Liles Minnewaukan 

M. J. Noble Knox 



Geo. H. Purchase 



BILLINGS. 

Beach | John Keohane Sentinel Butte 

BOTTINEAU. 



V. Ormsby Soule . . . , 
W. A. Goldschmidt . 

Guy L. Scott 

E. O. Haraldson . . . 

W. H. Adams 

J. J. Murphy 

E. C. Bowen 

V. B. Noble 

H. S. Blood 

A. G. Burr 

T. J. Weeks 

N. C. Wegner . . . . « 



, Westhope 
. Westhope 
. Lansford 
. Lansford 
, Bottineau 
. Bottineau 
, Bottineau 
. Bottineau 
. Bottineau 
. Bottineau 
. Bottineau 
, Bottineau 



A. Besancon Bottineau 

J. D Scherer Willow City 

E. G. Clossner Antler 

R. J. Murphy Russell 

E. C. Kurtz Russell 

G. S. Bills Maxbass 

John H. Kirk 

C. L. Young Lansford 

C. E. Brose Westhope 

G. W. Baker Westhope 

C. H. Tyler Omemec 

A. Woodward Omemec 



BURLEIGH. 



Asa T. Patterson Bismarck 

N. F. Boucher Bismarck 

J. R. Gage Bismarck 

G. F. Dullam Bismarck 

R. N. Stevens Bismarck 

T. W. Bull Bismarck 

W. F. Cochrane Bismarck 

C. B. Little Bismarck 

F. H. Register Bismarck 

Geo. M. Register Bismarck 

John F. Fort Bismarck 



G. W. Newton Bismarck 

J. F. Philbrick Bismarck 

E. A. Williams Bismarck 

T. R. Mockler Bismarck 

Charles G. Taylor Bismarck 

I. C. Fenniger Bismarck 

Andrew Miller Bismarck 

B. Auger Bismarck 

Viggo H. Johnson Bismarck 

W. A. O'Donnell :. Sterling 

E. C. Ruble Driscoll 



CASS. 



W. F. Ball Fargo 

John S. Watson Fargo 

D. B. Holt Fargo 

J. S. Frame Fargo 



L. L. Twichell Fargo 

J. A. Montgomery Fargo 

A. G. Hanson Fargo 

George H. Phelps Fargo 



260 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Attorneys in North Dakota — Continued. 

CASS — Continued. 



W. S. StambauRh Fargo 

John D. Benton Fargo 

V. R. Lovell Fargo 

W. H. Bamett Fargo 

S. W. Richardson Fargo 

A. W. Fowler Fargo 

H. R. Turner Fargo 

B. D. Townsend Fargo 

H. F. Miller Fargo 

R. M. Pollock Fargo 

W. C. Resser Fargo 

W. J. Clapp Fargo 

Taylor Crum Fargo 

T. H. McEnroe Fargo 

L. T. Hamilton Fargo 

T. Chester Johnson Fargo 

W. W. Smith Fargo 

Henry Krogh Fargo 

Jacob Lowell Fargo 

Thomas Baker, Jr Fargo 

W. H. Shure Fargo 

S. G. Roberts Fargo 

Martin Ryan Fargo 

F. J. Thompson Fargo 

Emerson H. Smith Fargo 

J. A. McEldowney Fargo 

W. A. Scott Fargo 

H. Hallenberg Fargo 



T. W. Tilly Fargo 

William B. Douglas Fargo 

L. N. Miller Fargo 

E. C. Gearey Fargo 

{ohn D. Farrand Fargo 
.. C. Johnson Fargo 

M. A. Hildreth Fargo 

C. H. Laizure Fargo 

A. T. Cole Fargo 

R. A. Cushon Fargo 

J. E. Robinson Fargo 

J. W. Glassford Fargo 

B. G. Tenneson Fargo 

G. L. Wallace Fargo 

William F. Lemke Fargo 

Newton C. Young Fargo 

Edward Engerud Fargo 

A. W. Coupler Fargo 

E. H. Wright Fargo 

A. C. Lacy Fargo 

Ernest W. Hardy Fargo 

Smith Stimmel Casselton 

S. B. Bartlett Casselton 

J. F. Callahan Casselton 

C. E. Stowers Wheatland 

S. G. More Buffalo 

A. A. Twichell Tower City 

W. J. Courtney Page 



CAVALIER. 



Joseph Cleary Langdon 

Fred W. McLean Langdon 

W. B. Dickson Langdon 

P. G. Johnson Langdon 

W. A. Mclntyre Langdon 



Geo. M. Price Langdon 

F. E. Smith Langdon 

J. G. Johnson Milton 

U. L. Burdick Munich 

G. Grimson Munich 



DICKEY. 

James M. Austin Ellendale 

£. E. Cassels Ellendale 

H. H. Perry Ellendale 

D. T. Youker Ellendale 

Geo. T. Webb Ellendale 



Geo. H. Fay Ellendale 

S. G. Cady Oakes 

W. S. Wickersham Oakes 

Benjamin Porter Fullerton 



P. M. Mattson . . . New Rockford 
Jas. A. Manley . . New Rockford 
C. J. Maddux ....New Rockford 
R. F. Rinker New Rockford 



EDDY. 

D. F. Ellsworth 
R. P. Allison . 
M. T. O'Connor 



. . New Rockford 
. . New Rockford 
. . New Rockford 



EMMONS. 



H. A. Armstrong Linton 

Geo. W. Lynn Linton 

Chas. Coventry Linton 



A, C. Remele Linton 

Chas. S. Lane Linton 



FOSTER. 



R. A. Bill Carrington 

C. B. Craven Carrington 

Geo. H. Estabrook. .. .Carrington 

J. F. Faytle McHenry 

W. E. Hoopes Carrington 

H. M. Smith Carringjton 



E. P. Kelly Carrington 

C. E. Leslie Carrington 

W. O. Lowden . , McHenry 

T. F. McCue Carrington 

J. W. White Carrington 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



261 



Attorneys in North Dakota — Continued. 

GRAND FORKS. 



Tracv R. Bangs .... Grand Forks 

G. A. Bangs Grand Forks 

J. H. Bosard Grand Forks 

A. A. Bruce Grand Forks 

B. S. Brynjolfson .Grand Forks 
R. M. Carothers . . . Grand Forks 

C. M. Cooley Grand Forks 

Guy C. H. Corliss .Grand Forks 
Geo. B. Qifford . . . Grand Forks 

Fred Duggan Grand Forks 

F. B. Fectham .... Grand Forks 
J. G. Hamilton ....Grand Forks 

Willis A. Joy Grand Forks 

E. M. Kent Grand Forks 

C. J, Murphy Grand Forks 

W. jr. Mayer Grand Forks 

John W. Ogren .... Grand Forks 

Scott Rex Grand Forks 

P. A. Anderson . . . Grand Forks 

W. Blickfeldt ..Grand Forks 

B. Burtness .... Grand Forks 

E. Crothers . . Grand Forks 

Hawver Grand Forks 

Knudson .... Grand Forks 



H. 

O. 

A. 

O. 

I. 

D. 



R. 
R. 
L. 
P. 



Bates Larimore 



Henry Moen Grand Forks 

J. K. Murray Grand Forks 

C. C. McMullen Grand Forks 

E. F. Shubeck Grand Forks 

John E. Skulstad . . . Grand Forks 

A. M. Thompson . . . Grand Forks 
M. Vetleson Grand Forks 

B. F. Warmer Grand Forks 

Geo. Robbins Grand Forks 

J. A. Sorley Grand Forks 

B. G. Skulason Grand Forks 

S. G. Skulason Grand Forks 

C. F. Templeton .... Grand Forks 

J. B. Wineman Grand Forks 

C. F. Whitcomb Grand Forks 

H. L. Whithed Grand Forks 

W. L. Wilder Grand Forks 

M. V. Linwell Northwood 

W. L. T. Goodison Larimore 

Thds. H. Pugh Larimore 

A. A. Davis Larimore 

S. J. Radcliffe Larimore 

O. A. Wilcox Larimore 

J. R. Barry Inkster 

Chas. Harshman Gilby 



GRIGGS. 



David Bartlett Cooperstown I Will H. Carleton . . . . Cooperstown 

Albert M. Baldwin . Cooperstown I Frank Gladstone Cooperstown 

Benjamin Tufte .... Cooperstown | T. A. Thompson Cooperstown 

HETTINGER. 
Oliver Aygarn .... New England | 

KIDDER. 
Joseph W. Walker Steele | Charles H. Stanley Steele 

LaMOURE. 



C. W. Davis LaMoure 

R. W. S. Blackwell .... LaMoure 

E. M. Warren LaMoure 

M. C. Lasell LaMoure. 

W. T. Hughes LaMoure 

C. H. Baker LaMoure 



W. H. Hutchinson LaMoure 

Geo. P. Jones Edgeley 

Nels Larsen Kulm 

T. B. Sharpe Kulm 

W. D. Lynch Verona 



LOGAN. 
Geo. M. McKenna .... Napoleon I 

M'HENRY. 



A. M. Christianson Towner 

Albert Weber Towner 

D. J. O'Connell Towner 

Chas. D. Donnelly Towner 

Butler Lamb Towner 

Tillman Smith Upham 

W. E. Slavens Granville 

E. C. Thomas Velva 



C. W. Hook way .Jjranville 

J. L. Lee Velva 

D. T. Owens Balfour 

Geo. Kremer Balfour 

H. S. Kline Anamoose 

G. S. Wooledge Anamoose 

B. F. Freeburger Anamoose 



262 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Attorneys in North Dakota — Continued. 



M'INTOSH. 



J. H. Wishek Wishek 

A. P. Guy Wishek 

A. W. Clyde Ashley 



R. R. Hedtke Ashley 

G. M. Gannon Ashley 

A. Leslie Ashley 



M'KENZIE. 



Robert Norbeim Alexander 

J. H. McGarry Alexander 



Ben. W. Hosmer Schaf er 



M'LEAN. 



T. T. McCulloch Washburn 

W. L. Nuessle Washburn 

Geo. P. Gibson Washburn 

J. A. Hyland Washburn 

E. A. Lamb Washburn 

G. Olgeirson Underwood 

F. J. Newman McClusky 

M. C. Spicer Underwood 

. T. Hoge Underwood 

P. Nelson Washburn 



I 



Fred H. Larsen Turtle Lake 

J. E. Williams Turtle Lake 

Chas. Anderson Wilton 

T. J. Edwards Underwood 

Robert Fraser Garrison 

H. F. O'Hare Garrison 

Thomas Morrow Denhoff 

T. A. Ulness Wilton 

F. I. Temple McCluskey 



MERCER. 



H. L. VanBenschoten Mannhaven | 

MORTON. 



W. H. Stutsman Mamlan 

J. M. Hanley Mandan 

S. L. Nuchols Mandan 

B, W. Shaw Mandan 

J. E. Campbell Mandan 

A. M. Packard Mandan 



L. H. Connolly Mandan 

H. R. Bitzing Mandan 

Oliver Leverson New Salem 

J. V. McCormick .... New Salem 
George I. Reimestad . . New Salem 
T. A. Faber Glen UUin 



NELSON. 



C. N. Frich Lakota 

G. D. Kelly Lakota 

F. A. Kelley Lakota 

A. E. Sheets Lakota 

John F. Flemming .... Michigan 



W. H. Smith Lakota 

M. A. Shirley Aneta 

Halvard Norskog Aneta 

C. C. Hagen Aneta 



Robert Dunn 



OLIVER. 
Center | 

PEMBINA. 



M. Brynjolfson Cavalier 

W. J. Burke Bathgate 

E. W. Conmy Pembina 

R. Ferguson Drayton 

Grant S. Hager St. Thomas 

P. Halldorson Cavalier 

D. J. Laxdal Cavalier 

A. L. Miller St. Thomas 

E. W. Burke Crystal 

J. P. Comny Pembina 



T. A. Miller St. Thomas 

Wm. McMurchie .... St. Thomas 

George Peterson Pembina 

H. B. Spiller Pembina 

C. L. Spring Hamilton 

T. D. Stack Walhalla 

H. G. Vick Pembina 

W. C. Husband Hensel 

F. E. McCurdy Tyner 



PIERCE. 



Guy L. Whittemore Rugby 

A. E. Coger Rugby 

L, N. Torson Rugby 

L. R. Nosdahl Rugby 



B. L. Shuman Rugby 

T. A. Toner Rugby 

Paul W. Boehm Rugby 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



263 



Attorneys In North Dakota — Continued. 

RAMSEY. 



W. M. Anderson .... Devils Lake 

E. R. Barnett Devils Lake 

John Burke Devils Lake 

M. H. Brennan Devils Lake 

J. M. Bloomer Devils Lake 

D. G. Duell Devils Lake 

lorwerth C. Davies Edmore 

E. F. Flynn Devils Lake 

L. D. Cooler Devils Lake 

R. Goer .... ; Devils Lake 

H. M. Gray Devils Lake 

John F. Henry Devils Lake 



Chas. D. Kennedy . . . Devils Lake 

Herbert Lewis Starkweather 

J. W. Maher Devils Lake 

Peter J. McClory . . . Devils Lake 

T. W. Morrissey Edmore 

H. D. Middaugh .... Devils Lake 

P. D. Norton Devils Lake 

F. H. Prosser Devils Lake 

Homer Resler Starkweather 

Siver Serumgard .... Devils Lake 

Fred J. Traynor Devils Lake 

L. J. Wehe Edmore 



RANSOM. 



P. H. Rourke Lisbon 

Alfred M. Kvello Lisbon 

Sydney D. Adams Lisbon 

Thomas A. Curtis Lisbon 

Chas. S. Ego Lisbon 

E. F. Hull Sheldon 

C. W. Buttz Lisbon 

F. A. Oliver Lisbon 



Chas. O. Heckle Lisbon 

F. S. Thomas Lisbon 

C. A. Kvello Enderlin 

Ed. Pierce Sheldon 

Ch|is. A. Gram Sheldon 

C. G. Baugert Sheldon 

Henry W. Tobey Enderlin 



RICHLAND. 



J. A. Dwyer Hankinson 

Folsom Dow Wahpeton 

R. N. Ink Wahpeton 

W, I. Irvine Lidgerwood 

G. H. Korsvik Abercrombie 

W. S. Lauder Wahpeton 

H. N. Morphy Wahpeton 

E. A. Munger Abercrombie 

H. C. N. Myra Wahpeton 

P. J. McCumber Wahpeton 

J. G. Forbes Wahpeton 

D. R. Jones Wahpeton 

A. L. Parsons Lidgerwood 

O. S. Gunderson Christine 

P. L. Keating Wahpeton 



W. E. Purcell Wahpeton 

Guy Divet Wahpeton 

W. H. Redmon Wahpeton 

F. B. Schneller Wahpeton 

S. D. McKinnon Wahpeton 

Gustav Schuler Wahpeton 

Martin Scramstad . . . Wyndmere 

S. H. Snyder Wahpeton 

John L. Strohm Hankinson 

Chas. A. Tuttle .... Fairmount 
Robert A. Tyson . . . Hankinson 
Geo. E. Wallace .... Wahpeton 

Chas. E. Wolf Wahpeton 

W. S. Lowery Hankinson 



ROLETTE. 



Wm. Bateson : Rolla 

C. R. Gailfus Rolla 

Albert L. Nelson Rolette 

C. E. Goodsell Dunseith 



H. E. Plymat Rolla 

Fred E. Harris Rolla 

Duncan J. McLennan .... Rolette 



SARGENT. 



J. E. Bishop Forman 

E. W. Bowen Forman 

J. A. Slattery Forman 



S. A. Sweetman Forman 

O. S. Sem Milnor 

Henry B. Thompson .... Milnor 



STARK. 



L. A. Simpson Dickinson 

W. C. Crawford Dickinson 

J. G. Campbell Dickinson 

J. H. Field Dickinson 

W. F. Burnett Dickinson 

F. C. Heffron Dickinson 



M. L. McBride Dickinson 

Frank Baker Dickinson 

Joseph Messersmith . . Dickinson 

H. C. Berry Dickinson 

J. R. Current Dickinson 

L. R. Baird Dickinson 



2d4 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Attorneys in. North Dakota — Ck>ntinued. 



STEELE. 



Geo. Murray Sherbrooke 

William Barclay .... Sherbrooke 

C S. Shippy Hope 

E. J. McMahon Hope 



W. S. Henry Finley 

W L. Carpenter ,. Finley 

J. M. Johnson Sharon 

Samuel Mosby Finley 



STUTSMAN. 



Fredrus Baldwin 

S. L. Glaspell 

T. W. Carr 

Marion Conklin . , 

John Knauf 

Ormsby McHarg , 
S. E. Ellsworth . 
James A. Murphy 



Jamestown 
famcstown 
lamestown 
famestown 
lamestown 
pamestown 
famestown 
famestown 



Oscar J. Seiler Jamestown 

Alfred Steele Jamestown 

Geo, W. Thorp Jamestown 

F. G. Kneeland Jamestown 

S. A, Wilder Jamestown 

J. A. Coffey Courtcnay 

R. G. McFarland Jamestown 

A. W. Ayhner Jamestown 



TOWNER, 



F, D, Davis Cando I T, S. Mootbart Omndo 

L V. Brooke Cando I *H, D. Skinner Oindo 

J. J. Kehoe Cando | L. H. Sennett Cando 

C, C Converse ......... Cando | 

TRAILL. 



F, W, Ames MayviUe 

John Carmody Hillsboro 

Theo. Kaldor Hillsboro 

J. F. Selby Hillsboro 



P. G. Swenson Hillri)oro 

Chas. A. Lyche Hatton 

N. O. Dolve Portland 



WALSH. 



{ 



, E. Gray , Grafton 

D. Casey Grafton 

E. N. Swigsrum Grafton 

Jeff M. Myers Grafton 

W. R. DePoy Grafton 

E. R. Sinklcr Grafton 

John H. Fraine Grafton 

W. H. Phelps Grafton 



H. C. DcPuy Minto 

G. J. Christie Grafton 

Tessc Phelps Minto 

)^. A. Libby Park River 

G. W. Young Park River 

R. Smith-Peterscn . . . Park Rrvcr 

Toel Myers Park Ri^r 

S. O. Ivemmick Fairdale 



WARD. 



James Johnson Minot 

J. E. Greene Minot 

G. A. McGee Minot 

C. A. Johnson Minot 

R. A. Nestos Minot 

John A. Bird Minot 

Joseph Denoycr Minot 

D. C. Greenlcaf Minot 

K. E. Leighton Minot 

T. J. Coylc Minot 

John Bates Minot 

L. J. Palda, Jr Minot 

A. T^eSueur Minot 

B. H. Bradford Minot 

C. Aurland Minot 

T. E. Ol^ard Minot 



Clark Hovev Minot 

Mark Chatficld Minot 

J. E. Burke Minot 

Geo. R verson Minot 

Arthur Thompson Minot 

lohn H. I^wis Minot 

W. N. Crane Minot 

F. J. Mmphy Kcnmarc 

Georpe E. Childs Kenmare 

F). R. Pierce Kenmare 

A. W. Grav Kenmare 

S. M. l.ockerby Portal 

T. T. HofTman Donnybrook 

Bertie Nelson FUortoR 

W. K. McQueen Berthold 

G. G. Ripley Mohall 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



265 



Attorneys in North Dakota — Continued. 

WARD— Continued. 



R. H. Boeard Minot 

Wm. Murray Minot 

L. B. Bach Minot 

W. G. Barrett Minot 

Arthur Blaisdell Minot 

Alfred Blaisdell Minot 

H. J. Shull Minot 

L. W. Gammons Minot 

F. B. Lambert Minot 

Wayne T. Moseley Minot 



Geo. H. Gjertsen .... Bowbells 

F. I. Lyons Bowbells 

Ben W. Hosmer Glenbum 

P. D. Jones Stanley 

George A. Gilmore Portal 

L. H. Paige Berthold 

W. A. Guilfoyle Sherwood 

Ben E. Combs Donnybrook 

Dudley L. Nash ...White Earth 
J. P. Marquette Minot 



WELLS. 



J. O. Hanchett ITarvcy 

Aloys Wartner Tlarvcy 

H. L. Berry Harvey 

J. J. Youngblood .... Fessenden 
P. H. Woodward .... Fessenden 

M. E. Wilson Fessenden 

W. E. Macdonald .... Fessenden 

John A.- Layne Fessenden 

G. A. Brauer Fessenden 



Geo. K. Shaw, Jr Fessenden 

H. J. Bessensen Fessenden 

J. E. Jonsonius Bowdon 

Thos. Morrow Bowdon 

H. B. Doughty Bowdon 

A. G. Covell Sykeston 

R. A. Palmeter Fessenden 

O. P. Jordal Hurdsfield 

J. D. Williams Fessenden 



WILLIAMS 



N. A. Stewart Williston 

W. B. Overson Williston 

D. C. Page Williston 

Percy S. Crewe Williston 

Arthur L. Knauf Williston 

A. J. Stafnc Williston 

Frank Fisk Williston 

George A. Gilmore Williston 

Edwin A. Palmer Williston 

N. F. Snyder Williston 

!•:. C. Carney Williston 



A. J. Bessie Williston 

T. S. Becker Williston 

William Malony Wheelock 

Otto Atncosen Ray 

George H. Mollering Ray 

Van R. Brown Ray 

T. F. Burns Tioga 

George Cudhie Crosby 

R. H. Copeland Williston 

R. H. Points Crosby 

H. B. Wingerd Epping 



266 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



REGISTERED LAW STUDENTS. 



Aaen, B. A Williston 

Aaen, M. H Williston 

Abbey, R. Percy ..Cando 

Backhoff, L Minot 

Backlund, J. V Lisbon 

Baker, Grenville W. ..Wcsthope 

Baker, Wm. V Devils Lake 

Bale, Glenn Lisbon 

Bennett, L. A Grand Forks 

Berg, Julius Larimore 

Bitzmg, Earl K Mandan 

Bittcrling, C. H Munich 

Boughton, T. G Fargo 

Bradley, H. C. Forman 

Brown, L. A Kcnmare 

Brown, Alvin H Williston 

Bruce, Walter Fargo 

Burgett, Vv. E Flaxton 

Burke, T. H Minnewaukan 

Butterwick, L. L Leeds 

Byrne P. E Bismarck 

Cameron, Scott Cavalier 

Campbell, T. L Max 

Campbell, Paul Rugby 

Carroll, Dorr H Minot 

Carroll, Leslie R Minot 

Cashel, J. L., Jr Grafton 

Chase, R. D Jamestown 

Cheroske, L. S Leeds 

Clifford, T. F Mohall 

Davis, Carlton B. ... Larimore 

Delaney, John A Mohall 

Devaney, Thos Langdon 

Divet, W. L Wahpeton 

Edling, Alys R Minot 

Ego. Robt. W Lisbon 

Ekblad, Albert Souris 

Ellis, L. H Jamestown 

Fisher, E. F White Earth 

Fletcher, A. A Larimore 

Fletcher, E. E Langdon 

Forrest, Chas. E Cando 

Freede, H. J Bismarck 

Graham, M. H Devils Lake 

Granby, L. M St. Thomas 

Green, Wm. C Bismarck 

Gullikson, Geo. L Bottineau 

Gumlugson, C Grand Forks 

Gunthrop. Horace Edgeley 

Hamel, C. D Grafton 

Hampton, T. J Wheatland 

Hanson, A. A Towner 

Hanyen, E. R Minot 

Healy, R. T Vallev City 

Heder, Arvil Grafton 



Hendrickson, J. E Fargo 

Holbert, C. M LaMoure 

Hopkins, Kay E Minot 

Jackson, B. B Grand Forks 

Jacobson, Christ. . . . Devils Lake 

Jensen, Andreas Wahpeton 

Jewett, N. S Center 

Jones, Frank A Ray 

Kachelhoffer, Chas. J. .Wahpeton 
Kling, J. Henry .... New Salem 

Kottka, E. W Velva 

Lampman, N. H Michigan 

Lee, Herman JN. ...Grand Forks 

Lee, M. A Edmore 

Logie, Alfred E Fargo 

Ludowese, N. B Williston 

Malin, Bert B Kulm 

Maloney, Albert E Wheelock 

Maloney, James W. ...Wheeloclc 
McCutcheon, E. B. . . Devils Lake 
McGibbon, Wm. ...Grand Forks 

McGuigan, James Fargo 

McKechney, Norman . . .X.angdon 

Mead, C. J Fargo 

Meaghen, Jas. R Velva 

Miller, Jas. M Hope 

Miller, W. G Bisbee 

Minnehan, M. F Garrison 

Moore, B. H Bismarck 

Morris, J. T Maddock 

Morrow, A. C New Salem 

Nash, R. F Grand Forks 

Officer, I. E Edmore 

O'Keefe, Henry ...Grand Forks 

O'Neill, J. S Grafton 

Poe, Will T Williston 

Ritchie, L. S. B. • . . . .Valley City 

Rourke, T. W Grand Forks 

Schmidt, A. J Minot 

Schnepper, Geo Williston 

Sibbald, W. H Minot 

Smale, J. A Minot 

Sullivan, F. E Hope 

Tannes, Einar A Flaxton 

Tighe, W. J Grand Forks 

Tinker, Luke Anamoose 

Totten, Geo. A Mayville 

Ware, 'l hos. A Grand Forks 

Westergaard, Wm. H.. .Williston 

Wishard, D. M Wahpeton 

Wilson, Bert Lawrence . . . Dazev 

Wood, A. B Fargo 

Wooledge, Harry H Fargo 

Wing, E. P Bismarck 

Wright, J. Alta Minot 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 267 

OFFICERS OF NORTH DAKOTA NATIONAL GUARD. 

Governor and Comander-in-Chief , John Burke, Bismarck. 

GENERAL. STAFF. 

Adj utant General — Brigadier General Thomas H. Poole .... Bismarck 
Inspector and Judge Advocate General — Colonel M. A. Hildreth, Fargo 

Surgeon General — Colonel Charles McLachlan New Rockford 

Mecflcal Purveyor — Lieutenant Colonel E. H. , Belyea Williston 

Apothecary and Storekeeper — Captain L. C. Smith Dickinson 

Chief of Supply — Colonel Frank P. Allen Lisbon 

Commissaries of Supply — 

Major J. S. Cole Lisbon 

Major Albert Roberts Devils Lake 

Chief of Engineers and Ordinance — Colonel E. C. Gearey, Jr., Fargo. 
Assistant Engineer and Ordnance Officer — Major Paul C. Gorder, 

« Devils Lake 

FIRST REGIMENT INFANTRY. 

HEADQUARTERS, VALLEY CITY. 

Colonel Commanding — Amasa P. Peake Valley City 

Lieutenant Colonel — W. C. Treumann Grafton 

Surgeon — Major Thomas C. Patterson Lisbon 

Assistant Surgeons — 

Captain Wesley G. Matchan Bismarck 

First Lieutenant H. G. Fish Wheatland 

Adjutant — Captain Charles F. Mudgett Valley City 

8uartermaster — Captain G. Angus Eraser Fargo 
ommissary — Captain Earle R. Sarles Hillsboro 

Chaplain — Captain N. E. Ellsworth Minot 

FIRST BATTALION, FIRST INFANTRY. 

Major Commanding — William R. Purdon Wahpeton 

Adjutant — First Lieutenant (vacancy). 

Quartermaster and Commissary — Second Liutenant F. S. Henry, Valley 

City. 
Company "A"— 

Captain Henry T. Murphy Bismarck 

First Lieutenant Thomas McCormick Bismarck 

Second Lieutenant Piatt Dunn Bismarck 

Company "G" — 

Captain Frank S. Henry Valley City 

First Lieutenant John E. Agnew Valley City 

Second Lieutenant David St C. Ritchie Valley City 

Company "H"— 

Captain Dana M. Wright Jamestown 

First Lieutenant Edward D. Purchase Jamestown 

Second Lieutenant James D. Gray Jamestown 

Company "K"— 

Captain-elect A. J. Osborn Dickinson 

First Lieutenant T. Arthur Tollefson Dickinson 

Second Lieutenant Frank M. Baker Dickinson 

SECOND BATTALION, FIRST INFANTRY. 

Major, Commanding — ^John H. Fraine Grafton 

Adjutant — First Lieutenant D. S. Lewis Fargo 

Quartermaster and Commissary — Second Lieutenant Harold 

Sorenson Fargo 



268 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Company "C"— 

Captain Thomas H. Tharalson Grafton 

First Lieutenant (vacancy). 

Second Lieutenant John Breen Grafton 

Company "D"— 

Captain Alfred S. Blakey Minot 

First Lieutenant Lemuel M. Wright ...Minot 

Second Lieutenant Daniel C. Mulick Minot 

Company "E" — 

Captain Arthur L. Knauf Wilfiston 

First Lieutenant-elect B. J. Schoregge Williston 

Second Lieutenant-elect L. B. Doctorman Williston 

Company "F" — 

Captain James M. Hanley Mandan 

First Lieutenant Samuel L. Nuchols Mandan 

Second Lieutenant Michael Lang, Jr Mandan 

THIRD BATTALION, FIRST INFANTRY. 

Major Commanding — Ingvald A. Berg Grand Forks 

Adjutant — First Lieutenant Robert A. Thomson Fargo 

Quartermaster and Commissary — Porter W. Eddy Jamestown 

Company "B"— 

Captain Gilbert C. Grafton Fargo 

First Lieutenant (vacancy). 
Secon Lieutenant (vacancy). 

Company "I" — 

Captain Arthur E. McKean Wahi>eton 

First Lieutenant Franklin B. McKean Wahpeton 

Second Lieutenant Harvey W. Rife Wahpeton 

Company "L" — 

Captain Barney C. Boyd Hillsboro 

First Lieutenant Ole B. Christiansen Hillsboro 

Second Lieutenant (vacancy). 

Company "M"— 
Captain (vacancy). 

First Lieutenant Clarence E. Crary Ellendale 

Second Lieutenant Charles E. Hubbard Ellendale 

FIRST ARTILLERY. 

Battery "A"— 

Captain Milton P. Wells Lisbon 

First Lieutenant T. E. Conklin Lisbon 

Second Lieutenant T. A. Curtis , Jr Lisbon 

RETIRED. 

Major General Heber M. Creel Devils Lake 

Brigadier General William H. Brown Grand Froks 

Lieutenant Colonel Frederick Keye Fargo 

Major Dorman Baldwin , Jr Jamestown 

Captain Ole Manderud .Jamestown 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 269 

TERMS OF DISTRICT COURT. 

Barnes county, Fifth district, second Monday in June and second 
Monday in December. 

Benson county. Second district, second Monday in June and third 
Monday in November. 

Billings county. Tenth district, third Tuesday in April, and first 
Tuesday in October. 

tBottineau county. Ninth district, second Monday in February, fourth 
Monday in April, third Monday in June, third Monday in September, 
third Monday in November. 

Burleigh county. Sixth district, third Tuesday in May and fourth 
Tuesday in November. 

*Cass coimty. Third district, first Tuesday after first Monday in 
January, fourth Tuesday in April, first Tuesday in September and 
first Tuesday in November. 

Cavalier county. Seventh district, third Tuesday in May and first 
Tuesday in November. 

Dickey county, Fourth district, fourth Tuesday in June and first 
Wednesday after first Tuesday in November. 

Eddy county. Fifth district, fourth Monday in May and fourth 
Monday in November. 

Emmons county. Sixth district, first Tuesday in May and first 
Tuesday in October. 

Foster county. Fifth district, first Monday in May and second Mon- 
day in October. 

Grand Forks, First district, first Tuesday in each month, except 
August and September. 

Griggs county. Fifth district, second Monday in May and second 
Monday in November. 

Kidder county. Sixth district, third Tuesday in June and second 
Tuesday in January. 

LaMoure county. Fifth district, first Monday in February and fourth 
Monday in September. 

Logan county, Fifth district, fourth Monday in April and fourth 
Monday in October. 

ttMcHenry county. Ninth district, second Monday in March, second 
Monday in May, second Monday in July, first Monday in October, 
third Monday in December. 

Mcintosh county, Fourth district, second Tuesday in March and 
third Tuesday in October. 

McKenzie county, Tenth district, two terras as judge shall direct. 

McLean county. Sixth district, second Monday in June and second 
Monday in December. 

Mercer county. Tenth district, first Monday in June and second 
Monday in December. 

Morton county. Tenth district, first Tuesday in May and second 
Tuesday in November. 

Nelson county, First district, first Monday after the fourth day 
of July, and the first Monday after the first day of January. 

Oliver county, Tenth district, two terms as judge shall direct. 

***Pembina county. Seventh district, first Tuesday in January, first 
Tuesday in June, first Tuesday in April, first Tuesday in October. 

§Pierce county, Ninth district, third Monday in January, first 
Monday in April, first Monday in June, first Monday in September, 
third Monday in October. 

Ramsey county. Second district, first Monday in January and first 
Monday in June. 

Ransom county, Fourth district, first Tuesday in May and second 
Tuesday in January. 

Richland county. Fourth district, first Tuesday in June and first 
Tuesday in December. 

Rolette county, Second district, third Monday in February and 
fourth Monday in June. 



270 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Sargent county, Fourth district, third Tuesday in May and third 
Tuesday in November. 

Stark county. Tenth district, first Tuesday in April and second 
Tuesday in September. 

Steele county. Third district, third Tuesday in June and third 
Tuesday in October. 

Stutsman county, Fifth district, first Monday in January and first 
Monday in July. 

Towner county, Second district, first Monday in December and 
first Monday in May. 

Traill county, Third district, second Tuesday in February and first 
Tuesday in June. 

•*Walsh county. Seventh district, fourth Tuesday in January, third 
Tuesday in June, third Tuesday in November, third Tuesday in March. 

Ward county. Eighth district, fourth Monday in January, fourth 
Monday in April and fourth Monday in October. 

Wells county. Third district, third Monday in January and third 
Monday in July. 

Williams county. Eighth district, fourth Monday In February, fourth 
Monday in July and fourth Monday in September. 

*No jury September term. 
**No jury March or November terms. 
***No jury April or October terms. 
tNo jury April, June and September. 
ttNo jury May, July and October. 
§No jury April, June and September. 

Note — Ninth district created by act of legislature, 1907. 

Note — Tenth district created by legislature of 1907, effective 
January, 1909. Hettinger, Adams and Bowman counties 
created and organized since passage of law, and terms of 
court will be held as judge shall direct until law is passed 
fixing terms. 

Chambers, Morton county, first Monday in January, 
March, May, July, September and November, except when 
court is being held. Chambers, Stark county, first Monday 
in February, April, June, August, October and December, 
except when court is being held. 

Note — Until tenth district is fully organiz'»d the counties of 
Morton, Oliver, Billings, McKenzie, Mercer and Stark re- 
main in the Sixth district. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 271 



PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS. 

Capitol Bismarck 

University Grand Forks 

Insane Asylum Jamestown 

Penitentiary Bismarck 

Agricultural College Fargo 

School of Mines (attached to University) Grand Forks 

School for the Deaf Devils Lake 

Reform School Mandan 

IN ormai ocnooi •••••••••• ••••>• ••••t. ••••• xt^ayvinc 

Normal School Valley City 

Institution for Feeble Minded Grafton 

Soldiers' Home Lisbon 

Blind Asylum Bathgate 

Industrial School Ellendalc 

School of Forestry Bottineau 

Scientific School Wahpeton 

SALARIES OF STATE OFFICERS. 

Governor $ 3 , 000 

Lieutenant Governor 1 , 000 

Secretary of State 2 , 000 

Auditor 2,000 

Treasurer 2 , 000 

Attorney General 2 , 000 

Superintendent of Public Instruction 2,000 

Commissioner of Insurance 2 ,000 

Commissioner of Railroads (three) each 1,200 

Commissioner of Agriculture and Labor 2 ,000 

Judges of Supreme Court (three) each - 5 , 000 

Judges of District Courts (eight) each 3,500 

Clerk of Supreme Court 1 , 500 

Reporter of Supreme Court 1 ,500 

APPOINTIVE OFFICERS. 

State Examiner $ 2 , 000 

Chief Deputy State Examiner 1 , 800 

Assistant Deputy State Examiners 1 , 800 

Adjutant General 1 ,800 

Commissioner of University and School Lands 2 . 000 

Oil Inspector 2 , 500 

All department deputies 1 , 800 

Trustees of Public Institutions receive $3 per day for each day cm- 
ployed and traveling expenses — not more than twelve sessions (twenty- 
four days in the aggregate) to be held in any one year unless authorized 
by the governor. 

State officers, clerk of supreme court, land commissioner and ad- 
jutant general receive fixed expense allowance of $500 annually. 



272 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

NEWSPAPERS IN NORTH DAKOTA. 

ADAMS. 

Headlieht Hettinger A. A. Brundage 

Record Hettinger G. L. Hurd 

State Line Herald Lemon J. F. P. Crosse 

BARNES. 

N'th Dakota D*ly Patriot Valley City G. B. Vallandigham 

Evening Times-Record Valley City Times Record Pub. Co. 

Journal (weekly) Valley City W. H. Smethurst 

Enterprise Sanborn Wm. McKean ft Son 

News Wimbledon WiU Stcrcns 

Herald Fingal Albert O. Wold 

Bulletin Litchville W. A. Wells 

Star Kathryn Iverson ft Abrahamsen 

Herald Dazey A. W. Klein 

Tribune Nome W. L. Johnson 

Advance Leal P. A. Pickett 

BENSON. 

North Dakota Siftings . . Minnewaukon Wm. Miller 

Bee Esmond Allison Bros 

Advocate Knox H. E. Delameter 

York Ledger York Dolin & Son 

News Leeds A. J. F. Voigt 

Standard Maddock Standard Pub* Co. 

Sentinel Warwick F. X. Kirscn 

Star Brinsmade John Lindelien 

BILLINGS. 

Republican Sentinel Butte W. A. Shear 

Billings County Herald. Medora Geo. L. Nelson 

Chronicle Beach W. A. Young 

BOTTINEAU. 

North Dakota Eagle .... Willow City T. C Michael 

Bottineau Courant Bottineau The Courant Co. 

Herald Omemee Matt Johnson 

Republican Souris J. F. Haskett 

Times Lansford Guy L. Scoti 

Standard Westhope A. J. Drake 

News Bottineau F. C. FaUcenstein 

American Antler C. A. Stratton 

Sentinel Russell Dan B. McGovem 

Independent Lansford Evans & Berg 

Monitor Maxbass O. A. Hoskins 

Observer Overly Robinson & Walker 

Record Kramer Geo. D. Skinner 

BOWMAN. 

Pioneer Lowden A. L. Lowden 

Progress Lowden C. A. McCann 

BURLEIGH. 

Tribune Bismarck M. H. Jewell 

Settler Bismarck Settler Pub. Co. 

Palladium Bismarck A. Rolling 

News Driscoll E. A. Hull 

Messenger Moffit Wm. H. McMaster 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 273 

Newspapers In North Dakota — Con/tinued. 

CASS. 

Express Buffalo A. R. Knight 

Herald Hunter Ed. Mitchell 

Tribune Kindred Geo. J. Seifert 

Eagle Wheatland W. Irysh 

Forum Fargo A. W. Edwards and H. C. Plumley 

Call Fargo J. J. Jordan 

Reporter Casselton Potter & Potter 

Topics Tower City H. H. Roberts 

White Ribbon Fargo 

Record Page W. L. Brown 

Frara Fargo Fram Pub. Co* 

Blue and Gold Fargo Fargo Collie 

Spectrum Fargo Agricultural College 

Die Staats-Presse Fargo Gross Bros. 

High School Cynosure . . Fargo Edwin Clapp- 

North Dakotan Fargo Newman & Kane 

Northwestern Farmer . . Fargo N. D. Pub. Co. 

North Dakota Sheaf . . .Fargo Hugh L. Burleson 

The Searchlight Fargo A. T. Cole 

Wau-Kan Fargo Fargo College , Junior class 

CAVALIEI^. 

Globe Milton O. T. Rishoff 

Cavalier Co. Republican Langdon A. E. Lindstrom 

Moon Hannah S. J. A. Boyd 

Courier-Democrat Langdon . . . '. A. I. Koehmstedt 

Independent Osnabrock Fred A. Bailey 

Herald ..Munich S. T. Scott 

Advocate Sarles Geo. W. Drowley 

News Nekoma Arthur Stromgren 

Times Calvin H. Stevens 

DICKEY. 

Times Oakes A. R. Wright 

Journal Oakes T. M. Kellogg 

Leader Ellendale F. S. Goddard 

Record Ellendale H. H. Perry 

Republican Forbes J. H. Nagel 

Fullerton Farmer Fullerton J. S. Jensen 

EDDY. 

Transcript New Rockford Olsen & Maddux 

Star Sheyenne C. C. Manning 

Provost New Rockford P. M. Mattson 

EMMONS. 

Emmons Co. Republican Hazelton W. P. Thurston 

Emmons Co. Record .... Linton D. R. Streeter 

Advocate Linton .... Linton Pub. Co., C. A. Patterson 

News Braddock Eb. Sheppard 

FOSTER. 

Independent Carrington Ed. Lum 

Tribune McHenry J. B. Howard 

Record Carrington S. A. Lewis 

Free Press McHenry J. F. Faytle 

Enterprise Barlow Miss J. McCallimi 

Blue Book— 18. 



274 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Newspapers in North Dakota — Continued. 

GRAND FORKS. 

Herald Grand Forks Geo. B. Winship 

Evening Times Grand Forks ^ Times Pub. Co. 

Evening Press Grand Forks Geo. E. Duis 

Normanden Grand Forks P. O. Thorson 

Pioneer Larimore ^ . . . Pioneer Printing Co. 

Gleaner Northwood D. L. Campbell 

Times- Videttc Inkster F. C. Nye 

Sun Reynolds Geo. Rice 

Student Grand Forks .University 

Dakota Grand Forks University , Junior class 

GRIGGS. 

Courier Cooperstown P. R. Trubshaw 

Sentinel . . . . Cooperstown H. S. Rearick 

Times Binford Theo. K. Curry 

Enterprise Hannaford Kampen & Anderson 

HETTINGER. 
Pioneer Press Mott Small & Irysh 

KIDDER. 

Ozone Steele H. S. Wood 

Kidder County Herald. . Steele E. Smith 

Leader Dawson H. S. Wood 

LAMOURE. 

Chronicle LaMoure Warren & Taylor 

Mail Edgeley S. L. Brown 

Messenger Kulm Malin & Parker 

Reporter Dickey J. A. Warner 

Sentinel Marion Sentinel Pub. Co. 

Advance Verona W. G. Billyard 

Leader Jud C. F. Quimby 

LOGAN. 

Homestead Napoleon O. F. Bryant 

Republican Gackle Thos. N. Pettit 

M'HENRY. 

McHenry Co. Journal . . . Velva Stafford & Son 

News and Stockman . . . Towner ". . J. L. Killion 

Record Granville E. T. Pie rson 

Progress Anamoose W. Tinker 

Statesman Balfour E. E. Cowcll 

Post Berwick H. R. Young 

Promoter Denbigh L. W. Pierson 

leader Balfour E. A. Valant 

News Drake Connolly Sisters 

Item Norwich W. C. Mitchell 

Herald Granville C. R. Kendall 

Enterprise Deering Jackman & Barnes 

Star Upham L. W. Pierson 

Advocate Bantry Oscar R. Fisher 

Tribune Towner H. E. Miller 

Messenger Balfour T. w. R. H. DeLa 



STATE tJF NORTH DAKOTA 275 

Newspapers in North Dakota — Coxvtlnued-. 

M'INTOSH. 

Republican Ashley Engel & Jenson 

News Wishek A. P» Guy 

Tribune Ashley E. T. Qyde 

M'KENZIE. 

Schafer Record Schafer Harry W. Franklyn 

Chronicle Alexander C. Clemmenson 

M'LEAN. 

Leader Washburn John Satterland 

News Wilton E. A. Hull 

Voice Denhoff Ed. X. Moore 

Miner Underwood T. J. Edwards 

Citizen Goodrich ; W. J. Burt 

Wave Turtle Lake E. J. Jones 

Gazette McClusky . . '. W. J. Curriden 

Enterprise Max C. W. StaflFord & Son 

Staats Zeitung Denhoff F. J. Kehrer 

Independent Garrison Currier Bro** 

Times Garrison John Satterlund 

01»erver Dogden W. A. Carter 

Searchlight Martin J. R. Ferguson 

Nord-Dakota Herald . . . Goodrich Francois Martin 

Record Russo W. H. Francis 

Telegram Mercer W. T. Wasson 

News Dogden Evelyn Foster 

MERCER. 
Republican Stanton O. A. Schreiber 

MORTON. 

Pioneer Mandan Pioneer Pub. Co. 

Independent Mandan . . . .* Frank Wilder 

Times Mandan A. M. Packard 

Die Wacht am Missouri. Hebron Die Wacht am Missouri Pub. Co. 

News Glen UUin Wallace R. Hall 

Hustler Flasher Mrs. F. S. Berrier 

Republican Mandan Republican Pub. Co. 

Deutscher Pioneer New Salem Bernhard Oppenheim 

Journal New Salem Edward Sullivan 

Advertiser Almont J. A. Smith 

NELSON. 

Observer Lakota J. S. Metcalf 

Herald Lakota A. E. Sheet 

American Lakota A. M. Beveridge 

Panorama Aneta M. E. Sperry 

Arena Michigan B. H. Larapman 

Journal McVille Journal Printing Co. 

Record Petersburg B. A. Hall 

Tribune Tolna L. J. Bowen 

OLIVER. 
Republican Center Chas. L. Wright 



276 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Newspapers in North Dakota-^Ck>iiitiiiued. 

PEMBINA. 

Pioneer Express Pembina Ward well & Thompson 

Times St. Thomas Grant S.Hager 

Pink Paper Bathgate F. A. WUbon 

Echo ..: Drayton C. L. Fairchild 

Cavalier Chronicle Cavalier J. K. Fairchild 

Chronotype Neche Rex H. Lampman 

Mountaincr Walhalla ChM. H. Lee 

Call Crystal J. A. Mindw 

Independent Hamilton H. P. Wood 

PIERCE. 

Tribune Rugby Anderson & Stager 

Optimist Rugby Luther H. Bratton 

Deutsche Zeitung Rugby Anderson & Stager 

Mirror Wolford Breen & Breeu 

Post Rugby 

RAMSEY. 

Sun Churches Ferry G. C. Chambers 

Inter-Ocean Devils Lake Marion Small 

Herald-News Edmore E. M. Crary 

Public Opinion Crary Edgar Anderson 

Times Starkweather Homer Resler 

Banner Hampden J. H. McDonald 

Journal Devils Lake J. H. Bloom 

Leader Lawton W. A. Mercer 

News t Starkweather Herbert Lewis 

Republican Devils Lake Cooler & Goer 

RANSOM. 

Gazette Lisbon Backlund & Schomer 

Progress Sheldon M. B. De la Bere 

Free Press Lisbon C. E. Boyden 

Independent Enderlin T. L. Longley 

The Rotary Lisbon W. C. Crocker 

Westland Educator Lisbon W. C Crocker 

RICHLAND. 

Globe-Gazette Waljpeton Hughes & Falley 

Times Wahpeton Knotts & Fuller 

News Fairmount B. W. Clabaugh 

News Hankinson W. C. Forman, Jr 

Reporter Walcott R. N. Lee 

Broadaxe Lidgerwood John Andrews 

Monitor Lidgerwood Monitor Co. 

Pioneer Wyndmere C. G. Klenzing 

Enterprise Wyndmere A. B. Johnson 

Herald Abercrombie A. K. Tweto 

Broderbarten Wahpeton 

ROLETTE. 

Turtle Mountain Star . , Rolla W. J. Hoskins 

Herald Rolla W. D. Packard 

Magnet Dunseith H. T. Willey 

Examiner Rolette A. L. Nelson 

Record Thome C. W. Sibley 

Herald McCumber C. W. Sibley 

Tribune St. John H. Kendall 

Times Dunseith Sherwood 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 277 

Newspapers In North Dakota — Continued. 

SARGENT. 

Independent Forman Wm. Hurly, Jr. 

News Forman J. H. Maltby 

Enterprise Cogswell C. A. Jordan 

The DeLamere Mistletoe De Lamere A. P. Layton 

Sargent County Teller Milnor Roy V. Fyles 

Record Havana Wm. Hudson 

STARK. 

Press Dickinson M. L. Ayers 

Recorder Dickinson W. A. Carter 

Der Volksfreund Dickinson Thos. L. Rabsteinek 

Post Dickinson Post Pub. Co. 

News Richardton News Pub. Co. 

STEELE. 

Tribune Sherbrooke Chas. G. Boise 

Beacon Finley G. A. Monteith 

Pioneer Hope N. D. Pub. Co. 

Reporter Sharon Albert O. Paulson 

STUTSMAN. 

Alert Jamestown W. R. Kellogg 

Capital Jamestown J. B. Burgster 

Gazette Courtenay Geo. Farries 

Patriot Pingree H. C. Smith 

Citfzen Medina W. H. Nye 

Democrat Jamestown M. P. Morris 

Journal Kensal — . Dudley 

Leader Cleveland F. L. Kellogg 

TOWNER. 

Journal Perth H. H. Hammond 

Gazette Bisbee Gores & Egeland 

Herald Cando W. J. Sherman 

Democrat and Record . . Cando Carl Nelson 

Enterprise Egeland Melvin O. Long 

Pioneer Hansboro C. H. Browne 

Ripples Rock Lake S. A. Treadwell 

TRAILL. 

Ranner Hillsboro Alvin Schmitt 

Statstidende Hillsboro C. F. Bahnsen 

Blade Hillsboro Blade Pub. Co. 

Fremtiden Hillsboro T. Neilsen 

Tribune Mayville Larin Bros. 

Goose River Farmer . . . Mayville J. M. Stewart 

Republican Portland Jos. C. LaBell 

Free Press Hatton W. H. Kelley 

WALSH. 

Walsh County Record .. Graf ton E. H. Pierce 

News and Times Grafton Luchau & Townsend 

Gazette-News Park River F. J. Prochaska 

Journal Minto W. S. Mitchell 



270 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Sargent county, Fourth district, third Tuesday in May and third 
Tuesday in November. 

Stark county, Tenth district, first Tuesday in April and second 
Tuesday in September. 

Steele county. Third district, third Tuesday in June and third 
Tuesday in October. 

Stutsman county, Fifth district, first Monday in January and first 
Monday in July. 

Towner county. Second district, first Monday in December and 
first Monday in May. 

Traill county. Third district, second Tuesday in February and first 
Tuesday in June. 

•*Walsh county, Seventh district, fourth Tuesday in January, third 
Tuesday in June, third Tuesday in November, third Tuesday in March. 

Ward county. Eighth district, fourth Monday in January, fourth 
Monday in April and fourth Monday in October. 

Wells county. Third district, third Monday in January and third 
Monday in July. 

Williams county. Eighth district, fourth Monday In February, fourth 
Monday in July and fourth Monday in September. 

•No jury September term. 
**No jury March or November terms. 
***No jury April or October terms. 
tNo jury April, June and September.^ 
ttNo jury May, July and October. 
§No jury April, June and September. 

Note — Ninth district created by act of legislature, 1907. 

Note — Tenth district created by legislature of 1907, effective 
January, 1909. Hettinger, Adams and Bowman counties 
created and organized since passage of law, and terms of 
court will be held as judge shall direct until law is passed 
fixing terms. 

Chambers, Morton county, first Monday in January, 
March, May, Julv, September and November, except when 
court is being held. Chambers, Stark county, first Monday 
in February, April, June, August, October and December, 
except when court is being held. 

Note — Until tenth district is fully organiz'»d the counties of 
Morton, Oliver, Billings, McKenzie, Mercer and Stark re- 
main in the Sixth district. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 269 

TERMS OF DISTRICT COURT. 

Barnes county, Fifth district, second Monday in June and second 
Monday in December. 

Benson county, Second district, second Monday in June and third 
Monday in November. 

Billings county. Tenth district, third Tuesday in April, and first 
Tuesday in October. 

tBottineau county, Ninth district, second Monday in February, fourth 
Monday in April, third Monday in June, third Monday in September, 
third Monday in November. 

Burleigh county. Sixth district, third Tuesday in May and fourth 
Tuesday in November. 

*Cass county, Third district, first Tuesday after first Monday in 
January, fourth Tuesday in April, first Tuesday in September and 
first Tuesday in November. 

Cavalier county, Seventh district, third Tuesday in May and first 
Tuesday in November. 

Dickey county, Fourth district, fourth Tuesday in June and first 
Wednesday after first Tuesday in November. 

Eddy county, Fifth district, fourth Monday in May and fourth 
Monday in November. 

Emmons county. Sixth district, first Tuesday in May and first 
Tuesday in October. 

Foster county. Fifth district, first Monday in May and second Mon- 
day in October. 

Grand Forks, First district, first Tuesday in each month, except 
August and September. 

Griggs county. Fifth district, second Monday in May and second 
Monday in November. 

Kidder county, Sixth district, third Tuesday in June and second 
Tuesday in January. 

LaMoure county, Fifth district, first Monday in February and fourth 
Monday in September. 

Logan county. Fifth district, fourth Monday in April and fourth 
Monday in October. 

ttMcHenry county, Ninth district, second Monday in March, second 
Monday in May, second Monday in July, first Monday in October, 
third Monday in December. 

Mcintosh county. Fourth district, second Tuesday in March and 
third Tuesday in October. 

McKenzie county, Tenth district, two terms as judge shall direct. 

McLean county. Sixth district, second Monday in June and second 
Monday in December. 

Mercer county. Tenth district, first Monday in June and second 
Monday in December. 

Morton county, Tenth district, first Tuesday in May and second 
Tuesday in November. 

Nelson county. First district, first Monday after the fourth day 
of July, and the first Monday after the first day of January. 

Oliver county. Tenth district, two terms as judge shall direct. 

***Pembina county. Seventh district, first Tuesday in January, first 
Tuesday in June, first Tuesday in April, first Tuesday in October. 

SPierce county. Ninth district, third Monday in January, first 
Monday in April, first Monday in June, first Monday in September, 
third Monday in October. 

Ramsey county, Second district, first Monday in January and first 
Monday in June. 

Ransom county. Fourth district, first Tuesday in May and second 
Tuesday in January. 

Richland county. Fourth district, first Tuesday in June and first 
Tuesday in December. 

Rolette county. Second district, third Monday in February and 
fourth Monday in June. 



282 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Post Offices in North Dakota — Continued. 



Town County 

Fried Stutsman 

Fullerton Dickey 

Gackle Logan 

Gaines Oliver 

Galchutt Richland 

Galesburg Traill 

Gardar Pembina 

Gardena Bottineau 

Gardner Cass 

Garfield Williams 

Garske Ramsey 

Garrison McLean 

Gayton Emmons 

Gem Stutsman 

Geneseo Sargent 

Geoff Walsh 

Gcrber Stutsman 

Gilby Grand Forks 

Gilstrap Adams 

Girard Pierce 

Gladstone Stark 

Gladys Williams 

Glanavon Emmons 

Glasston Pembina 

Glencoe Emmons 

Glcnburn Ward 

Glenullin Morton 

Glover Dickey 

Goodall McKenzie 

Goodrich McLean 

Gorham Billings 

Goss Ward 

Grafton (c. h.) Walsh 

Grand Forks (c. h.) Grand Forks 

Grano Ward 

Graham's Island Benson 

Grand Harbor Ramsey 

Grandin Cass 

Grand Rapids LaMoure 

Granville McHenry 

Grasslake Pierce 

Gray Stutsman 

Great Bend Richland 

Great Stone McLean 

Green McKenzie 

Grelland Ward 

Grinnel Williams 

Griswold LaMoure 

Gronna Rolette 

Guelph Dickey 

Gwinner .*.... Sargent 

Haarstad Williams 

Haase Bottineau 

Hagen Ward 

Hague Emmons 

Haley Bowman 

Halliday Mercer 

Hallson Pembina 

Hamar Eddy 



Town County 

Hamilton Pembina 

Hamden Ramsey 

Hancock McLean 

Hankinson Richland 

Hannaford Griggs 

Hannah Cavaliet 

Hannover Oliver 

Hansboro Towner 

Harlem Sargent 

Harmon Morton . 

Harrisburg Nelson 

Hartford Emmons 

Harvey Wells 

Harwood Cass 

Hastings Barnes 

Hatton Traill 

, Havana Sargent 

Haven Foster 

Hazen Mercer 

Hazelton Emmons 

Heart Morton 

Heaton Wells 

Hecker Ward 

Hebron Morton 

Helena Griggs 

Hellwig Mcintosh 

Hendley Adams 

Hensel Pembina 

Hensler Oliver 

Herr McLean 

Hesnault Ward 

Hesper .... Benson 

Hettinger Adams 

Hewitt Bottineau 

Hickson Cass 

Hiddenwood McLean 

Higley Williams 

Hillsboro (c. h.) Traill 

Hoe Emmons 

Holmes Grand Forks 

Homen Cavalier 

Homestead Richland 

Honeyford Grand Forks 

Hoosier Hettingsr 

Hoople Walsh 

Hope Steele 

Horace Cass 

Horswill Hettinger 

Howard Williams 

Howe Morton 

Hub Mercer 

Hull Emmons 

Hult Oliver 

Hunter Cass 

Hurd Bottineau 

Hurdsfield Wells 

Imperial Williams 

Inkster Grand Forks 

lone LaMoure 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



283 



Pott Offices In North Dakota^Oontinned. 



Town County 

Island Lake Rolette 

Jackson Ramsey 
amestown (c. h.) ....Stutsman 

Janesburg Morton 

Jeanctte McLean 

Jerome Ward 

Jessie Griggs 

Johnstown Grand Forks 

Joliette Pembina 

Josephine Benson 

Jud LaMoure 

Tudson LaMoure 

June Dunn 

Juno Rolette 

Kathryn Barnes 

Kellogg Walsh 

Kellys Grand Forks 

Kelso Traill 

Kelvin Rolette 

Kempton Grand Forks 

Kenmare Ward 

Kensal Stutsman 

Kermit Williams 

Kindred Cass 

Kiner W ells 

King Logan 

Kintyre Emmons 

Klara Benson 

Kloten Nelson 

Knox Benson 

Kramer Bottineau 

Krem Mercer 

Kulm LaMoure 

Lakeview Burleif?h 

Lakota (c. h.) Nelson 

Lamoine Kidder 

LaMoure (c. h.) LaMoure 

Landa Bottineau 

Langdon (c. h.) Cavalier 

Langedahl Kidder 

Lankin Walsh 

Lanona ■.■ — . . Barnes 

Lansford Bottineau 

Larimore Grand Forks 

Larrabee Foster 

Latona Walsh 

Laureat Rolette 

Lawton '. Ramsey 

Leal Barnes 

Lehr Mcintosh 

Leeds Benson 

Leigh Adams 

Lein Burleigh 

Lehigh Stark 

Leipsig Morton 

Leonard Cass 

Leroy Pembina 

Lewis Ward 

Leyden Pembina 

Lidgerwood Richland 

Lignite Ward 



Town County 

Lincoln •. . . McLean 

Linstad Walsh 

Linton (c. h.) Emmons 

Lisbon (c h.) Ransom 

Litchville Barnes 

, Livonia Emmons 

' Linusville McHenry 

Little Heart Morton 

Loma Cavalier 

I^roice Walsh 

Lonetree Ward 

Lordsburg Bottineau 

Lowden Bowman 

Lowell Mcintosh 

Lucca Barnes 

Ludden Dickey 

Lynch Ward 

Lynchburg Cass 

McArthur Pembina 

McCanna Grand Forks 

McClusky McLean 

McCullough Williams 

McCumber Rolette 

McGregor Williams 

McHenry Foster 

McKenzie Burleigh 

McKinney Ward 

McLean Cavalier 

McLeod Ransom 

Mc Villa Nelson 

Macroom Ward 

Maddock Benson 

Maida Cavalier 

Malcolm McLean 

Mandan (c. h.) l^orton 

Manfred Wells 

Manger Williams 

Manitou Ward 

Mannhavcn Mercet 

Mantador Richland 

Manvel Grand Forks 

Mapes Nelson 

Mapleton Cass 

Marie ; Emmons 

Marion LaMoure 

Marmon Williams 

Mars Rolette 

Marstonmoor Stutsman 

Marshall Unorganized 

Martha McHenry 

Martin McLean 

Mary McKenzie 

Matteson Barnes 

Mayville Traill 

Max McLean 

Maxbass Bottineau 

Maxwell McLean 

Mazn Towner 

Medberry LaMoure 

Medford Walsh 

Medina Stutsman 



284 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Podt Offices in Nortii Dal(ota— Ck>nti]iaed^ 



Town County 

Medora (c. h.) ...<... Billings 

Mekinock Grand Forks 

Melby Dunn 

Melville Foster 

Mercer McLean 

Menoken Burleigh 

Merricourt Dickey 

Merrifield Grand Forks 

Michigan Nelson 

Midway Billings 

Mikkelson Billings 

Milnor Sargent 

Milton Cavalier 

Minnewaukan (c. h.) ....Benson 

Minot (c. h.) Ward 

Minto Walsh 

Moffit Burleigh 

Mohall Ward 

Mona Cavalier 

Monango Dickey 

Montpelier Stutsman 

Montrose Williams 

Moraine Grand Forks 

Monterey Benson 

Mooreton Richland 

Morris Eddy 

Mose Griggs 

Mott Hettinger 

Mountain Pembina 

Mount Carmel Cavalier 

Mowrer McLean 

Moyersville Kidder 

Mugford Pembina 

Munich Cavalier 

Mylo Rolette 

Nanson Rolette 

Napoleon (c. h.) Logan 

Nash Walsh 

Naughton Burleigh 

Neche Pembina 

Newburg Bottineau 

Nekoma Cavalier 

■ Nelson Kiddei 

Nesson Williams 

New England Hettinger 

Newhome Stutsman 

Newport Ward 

New Rockford (c. h.) ....Eddy 

New Salem Morton 

Newville Ramsey 

Niagara Grand Forks 

Nicholson Sargent 

Nisbet Oliver 

Noel Morton 

Nome Barnes 

North Chautauqua .... Ramsey 

Northwood Grand Forks 

Norton Walsh 

Norwich McHenry • 

Nowesta Pembina 

Numedahl Cavalier 



Town County 

Oakdale Stark 

Oakes Dickey 

Oakland McHenry 

Oakwood Walsh 

Oberon Benson 

Odense Morton 

Odessa Ramsey 

Ogden Williams 

Ojata Grand Forks 

Olga Cavaliei- 

Olive Ward 

Olmstead Towner 

Omemee Bottineau 

Omio Emmons 

Ong Burleigh 

Oriska Barnes 

Orr Grand Forks 

Oscar McLean 

Osgood Cass 

Osnabrock Cavalier 

Otter Creek Oliver 

Overly Bottineau 

Owens McHenry 

Pace McLean 

Page Cass 

Painted Woods Burleigh 

Palermo Ward 

Paoli Bowman 

Paradise Morton 

Paris Stutsman 

Park McLean 

Parkin Morton 

Park River Walsh 

Patterson Ward 

Pearce Morton 

Pearl Ward 

Pekin Nelson 

Pelican Burleigh 

Pembina (c. h.) Pembina 

Penn Ramsey 

Perley McLean 

Perry Sargent 

Perth Towner 

Petersburg Nelson 

Phoenix Burleigh 

Picton Tower 

Pilot Grand Forks 

Pingree Stutsman 

Pinto Oliver 

Pisek Walsh 

Pittsburg Pembina 

Plaza Ward 

Pleasant Ward 

Pleasant Lake Benson 

Plumer Williams 

Poland Walsh 

Portal Ward 

Polegc Willi!»ms 

Portland Traill 

Power Richland 

Powers Lake Ward 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



285 



Pott Offices in North Daicota — Continued. 



Town County 

Prairie Stutsman 

Prattford Pembina 

Preston Ransom 

Pretty Rock Morton 

Pursian Kidder 

Questad Ward 

Rafteree Billings 

Rainy siutte Billings 

Ransom Sargent 

Ray Williams 

Rega McHenry 

Reuner Ward 

Reynolds Grand Forks 

Rhein Oliver 

Richardton Stark 

Richville Logan 

Riga McHenry 

Rival Ward 

Rocklake Towner 

Rockspring Dunn 

Roger Barnes 

Rolla (c. h.) Rolette 

Rolette Rolette 

Rolson Williams 

Roney McLean 

Ronda Mercer 

Roosevelt Wells 

Rosebud Morton 

Roseglen McLean 

Rosehill Cavalier 

Ross Ward 

Rothville McKenzie 

Ruby Nelson 

Rude Williams 

Rudser Williams 

Rugby (c. h.) Pierce 

Rural Morton 

Ruso McLean 

Russell Bottineau 

Rutland Sargent 

Ryder Ward 

Saginaw Towner 

Saint Anthony Morton 

Saint Joseph Morton 

St. John Rolette 

St. Thomas Pembina 

Saline McHenry 

Sanborn Barnes 

Sandcreek Billings 

Sandlie Williams 

Sandoun Ransom 

Sanford McKenzie 

Sanger Oliver 

Sarles Cavalier 

Sarnia Walsh 

Sather Burleigh 

Sawyer Ward 

Schafer McKenzie 

Schnebly Adams 

Scott Williams 

Sedan McHenry 



Town County 

Selma Morton 

Sentinel Butte Billings 

Shadow Stutsman 

Sharon Steele 

Shawnee Grand Forks 

Sheldon Ransom 

Shell Ward 

Sherbrooke (c. h.) Steele 

Sherwood Ward 

Sheyenne Eddy 

Skogomo McLean 

Shields Morton 

Sibley butte Burleigh 

Silo Oliver 

Silverleaf Dickey 

Sims Morton 

Slaughter Burleigh 

Smishek Ward 

Sofia Mercer 

Sombre Bottineau 

Sorkness Ward 

Souris Bottineau 

South Heart Stark 

Sperry Richland 

Spiritwood Stutsman 

Spring Brook Williams 

Spring Valley Stutsman 

Squires Williams 

Stady Williams 

Stanley Ward 

Stanton (c. h.) Mercer 

Star McHenry 

Stark Burleigh 

Starkweather Ramsey 

Steele (c. h.) Kidder 

Stella Williams 

Sterling Burleigh 

Stevenson Morton 

Stewartsdale Burleigh 

Stillwater Billings 

Stilwell Cavalier 

Stirum Sargent 

Stone Morton 

Stordale Williams 

Stowers Adams 

Strasburg Emmons 

Straubville Sargent 

Streeter Stutsman 

Stroud McKenzie 

Surrey Ward 

Strain Morton 

Svold Pembina 

Sweden Ward 

Sweetbriar Morton 

Sykeston Wells 

Tagus Ward 

Tappen Kidder 

Tarsus Bottineau 

Tasker Ward 

Taylor Stark 

Tell Emmons 



286 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Post Offices in North Dakota— Contlnned. 



Town County 

Thompson Grand Forks 

Thorne Rolette 

Thorson Ward 

Tiffany Eddy 

Tioga Williams 

Tirsbal -. Emmons 

Tobacco Garden McKenzie 

Tokio Benson 

Tolley Ward 

Tolna Nelson 

Tower City Cass 

Towner (c. h.) McHenry 

Trenton Williams 

Trotters Billings 

Truax Williams 

Truro Bottineau 

Trygg Burleigh 

Tunbridge Pierce 

Turtle Lake McLean 

Twist Wells 

Tyler Richland 

Tyner Pembina 

Underwood McLean 

Union Cavalier 

University Grand Forks 

Upham McHenry 

Urbana Barnes 

Valley City (c. h.) Barnes 

Vandalia Williams 

Vang Cavalier 

Vanville Ward 

Velva McHenry 

Venturia Mcintosh 

Verona LaMourc 

Veseleyville Walsh 

Villard McHenry 

Voltaire McHenry 

Voss Wals> 

Wade Morton 

Wahpeton (c. h.) Richland 

Walcott Richland 

Wales Cavalier 

Walford Pierce 

Walhalla Pembina 

Wallace Kidder 

Walshville Walsh 

Walun Griggs 



Town County 

Wamduska Nelson 

Warren Cass 

Warsaw Walsh 

Warwick Benson 

Washburn (c. h.) McLean 

Wayne Ward 

Weaver Cavalier 

Webster Ramsey 

Weible Traill 

Wells Oliver 

Wcsthoi>c Bottineau 

Westfield Emmons 

Wheatland Cass 

Wheelock Williams 

White Earth Ward 

Whiteakcr Williams 

Willa Hettinger 

Wilbur McKenzie 

Wildrice Cass 

Williston (c. h.) Williams 

Willow City Bottineau 

Wilson Kidder 

Wilton . ^ McLean 

Wimbledon Barnes 

Winchester Emmons 

Windsor Stutsman 

Winona Emmons 

Wiprud McLean 

Wirch Dickey 

Wishek Mcintosh 

Wogansport Burleigh 

Wolf Butte Adams 

Woodbridge Cavalier 

Woodhull Richland 

Woods Cass 

Worms Morton 

Wyndmere Richland 

York .* . . Benson 

Youngtown Morton 

Ypsilanti Stutsman 

Yucca Oliver 

Yule Billings 

Zahl Williams 

Zeeland Mcintosh 

Zenith Stark 

Zion Towner 



STATK OI" NORTH DAKOTA 



287 



PRESIDENTIAL PO&T OFFICES. 



City 



Class 



Salary 



City 



Class 



Salary 



Anamoose . . 

Aneta 

Ashley 

Balfour .... 

Berthold 

Bisbee 

•Bismarck . . 
Bottineau . . 

Cando 

Carrington . . 
Casselton .... 

Cavalier . . . 
Churchs Ferry 
Cooperstown . 
Courtenay . . . 
x.*r<iry • • • • • • 

Devils Lake . 
Dickinson . . 
Donnybrook . 
Drayton . . . 
Edgeley .... 

Edmore .... 

Ellendale .... 

Enderlin . . . 
Esmond .... 

Fairmount . . . 
•Fargo .... 

Fessenden . . 
Flaxton .... 

Glenburn .... 

Glenullin 
Grafton .... 

•Grand Forks 
Granville .... 

Hankinson . . 
Hannah .... 

Hatton 

Harvey . . . . 
Hillsboro .... 

Hope 

Hunter .... 
•Jamestown . . 
Kenmare . . . 
Kensal .... 

Kulm 

Lakota 

LaMoure . . . 
Langdon . . . 





1 


1 
3 


$1,400 






3 


l.fOO 






3 


1,000 






3 


1,400 






3 


1,100 




.. 


3 


1,200 






2 


2,500 






3 


1,800 




. 


3 


1,700 




, 


3 


1,700 






3 


1,700 






3 


1,200 




! 


3 


1,200 






3 


1,600 






3 


1,300 






3 


1 000 






2 


2,300 






3 


2,000 






3 


1,2.00 






3 


1,200 






3 


1,200 






3 


1,200 






3 


1,600 






3 


1,400 






3 


1,100 






3 


1.100 






1 


3,200 






3 


1,600 






3 


1,100 




' 3 


1,000 






3 


1,000 






3 


1,900 






1 


3,100 






3 


1,400 






3 


1,400 






3 


1,400 






3 


1,100 






3 


1,700 






3 


1,600 






3 


1,500 






3 


1,000 






2 


2,500 






3 


1,800 






3 


1,100 




. i 3 


1,100 




1 3 


1,700 




1 3 


1,500 




1 3 


1,700 




1 


• 





Lansford . 

Larimore .... 

Lidgerwood . . 
Linton .... 

Lisbon 

McHenry . . . 
Maddock .... 
Mandan ... . 
May ville . . . 
Michigan . . . 

Milnor 

Milton 

Minnewaukan 

•Minot 

Minto 

Mohall 

Neche 

New Rockford 
New Salem . 
Northwood . . 

Oakes 

Omemee . . 
Park River . . 
Pembina . . . 

Portal 

Ray 

Rolla 

Rugby 

Saint Thomas 
Sheldon .... 
Sherwood . . . 

Souris 

Steele 

Starkweather 
Tower City . 
Towner .... 
Underwood . . 
Valley City . 

Velva 

Wahpeton . . 
Walhalla .. . 
Washburn . . 
West hope . . . 
Williston . . . 
Willow City . 

Wilton 

Wimbledon . . 



3 
3 
8 
8 
8 
3 
3 
8 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
2 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
2 
3 
2 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 



,300 
,800 
,500 
,500 
,200 
,900 
,200 
,000 
,200 
,600 
,100 
,100 
,200 
,300 
,600 
,000 
,400 
,000 
,500 
,400 
,400 
,700 
,200 
,700 
,2U0 
,400 
,100 
,400 
,400 
,100 
,200 
,100 
,300 
,100 
,000 
,100 
.600 
,100 
,300 
,500 
,200 
,100 
,500 
,500 
,700 
,400 
,100 
,200 



Free delivery offices. 



288 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



INSURANCE COMPANIES DOING BUSINESS IN 

NORTH DAKOTA. 

FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES. 

Aetna Insurance Co., Hartford, Conn. 

American Bank Insurance Co., Minneapolis, Minn. 

American Central 'Insurance Co., St. Louis, Mo. 

Boston Insurance Co., Boston, Mass. 

Camden Fire Insurance Co., Camden, N. J. 

Cosmopolitan Fire Insurance Co., New York. 

Citizens' Fire Insurance Co., St. Louis, Mo. 

Connecticut Fire Insurance Co., Hartford, Conn. 

Continental Insurance Co., New York. 

Columbia Fire Insurance Co., Omaha, Neb. 

Delaware Insurance Co. , Philadelphia , Pa. 

Eagle Fire Insurance Co., New York, N. Y. 

Fire Association of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Fireman's Fund Insurance, San Francisco, Cal. 

Fidelity Fire Insurance Co., New York. 

German Alliance Insurance Co., New York. 

German American Insurance Co., New York. 

Germania Fire Insurance Co., New York. 

Glens Falls Insurance Co., Glens Falls, N. Y. 

Hanover Fire Insurance Co., New York. 

Hartford Fire Insurance Co., Hartford, Conn. 

Home Insurance Co., New York. 

Insurance Company of North America, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Liverpool & London & Globe Insurance Co., New York. 

Michigan Commercial Fire Insurance Co., Lansing, Mich. 

Milwaukee Mechanics Insurance Co., Milwaukee, Wis. 

National Fire Insurance Co., Hartford, Conn. 

National Union Fire Insurance Co., Pittsburg, Pa. 

Niagara Fire Insurancse Co., New York. 

Northwestern Fire & Marine Insurance Co., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Northwestern National Fire Insurance Co., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Northwestern National Fire Insurance Co., Valley City, N. D. 

Old Colony Insurance Co. , Boston , Mass. 

Pennsylvania Fire Insurance Co., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Phenix Insurance Co., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Phoenix Insurance Co., Hartford, Conn. 

Providence Washington Insurance Co., Providence, R. I. 

Queen City Fire Insurance Co., Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Queen Insurance Company of America, New York. 

Reliance Insurance Co., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rochester German Insurance Co., Rochester, N. Y. 

Security Insurance Co.^ New Haven, Conn. ^ 

Springfield Fire & Marme Insurance Co., Springfield, Mass. 

St. Paul Fire & Marine Insurance Co., St. Paul, Minn. 

Westchester Fire Insurance Co., New York. 

FOREIGN FIRE COMPANIES. 

British America Assurance Co., Toronto Canada. 
Commercial Union Assurance Co., London, England. 
First Russian Insurance Co., St. Petersburg, Russia. 
Hamburg-Bremen Fire Insurance Co., Hamburg, Germany. 
Liverpool & London & Globe Insurance Co. , ^ Liverpool , England. 
Moscow Fire Insurance Co., Moscow, Russia. 
Northern Assurance Co., London, England. 

North British & Mercantile Insurance Co., London & Edinburg, 
England. 

Norwich Union Fire Insurance Society, Norwich, England. 
Palatine Insurance Co., Limited, London, England. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 289 

Phoenix Assurance Co., Limited, London, England. 

Royal Insurance Co., Liverpool, England. 

Russian Re-Insurance Co., St. Petersburg, Russia. 

Skandia Insurance Co., Stockholm, Sweden. 

Sun Insurance Office, London, England. 

Western Assurance Co., Toronto, Canada. 

STATE MUTUAL FIRE COMPANIES. 

Commercial Mutual Fire Insurance Co., Grand Forks, N. D. 

Evangelical Mutual Insurance Co., Milbank, S. D. 

Globe Mutual Insurance Co., Huron, S. D. 

Implement Dealers Mutual Insurance Co., Grand Forks, N. D. 

Merchants National Mutual Fire Insurance Co., Fargo, N. D. 

Millers National Insurance Co., Chicago, 111. 

National Mutual Fire Insurance Co., Omaha, Neb. 

North Dakota Mutual Fire Insurance Co., Valley City, S. D. 

Northwest German Farmers Mutual Fire Insurance Co., Eureka, S. D. 

Northwestern Mutual Fire Insurance Co., Fargo, N. D. 

Retail Merchants Mutual Fire Insurance Co., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Security Mutual Fire Insurance Co., Chatfield, Minn. 

COUNTY MUTUAL COMPANIES. 

Barnes County Mutual Insurance Co., Valley City, N. D. 
Benson County Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Brinsmade, N. D. 
Bottineau County Mutual Insurance Co., Bottineau, N. D. 
Cavalier County Mutual Insurance Co., Osnabrock, N. D. 
Dundee, Walsh County Mutual Insurance Co., Dundee, N. D. 
Flaxton Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Flaxton, N. D. 
Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Cass county, Casselton, N. D. 
Fermers Mutual Insurance Co., Nelson county, McVille, N. D. 
Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Sargent and Ransom counties, Gwin- 
ner, N. D. 

Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Steele county, Sherbrooks, N. D. 

Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Traill county, Portland, N. D. 

Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Towner county, Cando, N. D. 

Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Harvey N. D. 

Greenfield Mutual Insurance Co., Sheyenne, N. D. 

Grant Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Donnybrook, N. D. 

Home Mutual Insurance Co., Wahpeton, N. D. 

James River Valley Mutual Insurance Co., Jamestown, N. D, 

Kenmare Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Kenmare, N. D. 

Morton-Oliver Counties Mutual Insurance Co., New Salem, N. D. 

McLean County Mutual Insurance Co., Washburn, N. D. 

McHenry County Mutual Insurance Co., Velva, N. D. 

Pembina County Mutual Insurance Co., Hamilton, N. D. 

Ransom Coutny Mutual Insurance Co., Lisbon, N. D. 

Scandinavian Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Bottineau, N. D. 

Viking Mutual Insurance Co., Viking, N. D. 

Walle Farmers Mutual Insurance Co., Grand Forks, N. D. 

Walsh County Mutual Insurance Co., Minot, N. D. 

West McLean County Mutual Insurance Co., Garrison, N. D. 

HAIL COMPANIES. 

Alliance Hail Association, Jamestown, N. D. 

LaMoure County Mutual Insurance Co., LaMoure, N. D. 

ACCIDENT, PLATE GLASS, FIDELITY, EMPLOYERS' LIABIL- 
ITY AND SURETY COMPANIES. 

Aetna Indemnity Co., Hartford, Conn. 
American Bank Insurance Co., Minneapolis, Minn. 
American Bonding Co., Baltimore, Md. 
American Surety Co., New York. 



> 



■>■'.'* 



BlueBook-19 .'•,'' N* 



J 



290 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Casualty Company of America, New York. 

Continental Casualty Co., Hammond, Ind. 

Empire State Surety Co., New York. 

Employers Liability Assurance Corporation, Ltd., London, England. 

Federal Union Surety Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Fidelity & Casualty Co., New York. 

Fidelity & Deposit Co., Baltimore, Md. 

Franktort Insurance Co., New York. 

Great Eastern Casualty & Indemnity Co., New York. 

Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection & Insurance Co., Hartford, Conn. 

Imperial Casualty Insurance Co., Detroit, Mich. 

Lloyds Plate Glass Insurance Co., New York. 

Metropolitan Surety Co., New York. 

Metropolitan Casualty Insurance Co., New York. ^ 

Maryland Casualty Co., Baltimore, Md. 

National Surety Co., New York. 

National Casualty Co., jJetroit, Mich. 

New York Plate Glass Insurance Co!, New York. 

Northern Trust Co., Fargo, N. D. 

North American Accident Insurance Co., Chicago, III. 

Ocean Accident & Guaranty Corporation, Ltd., London, England. 

Standard Life & Accident Insurance Co., Detroit, Mich. 

Title Guaranty & Surety Co., Scranton, Pa. 

U. S. Fidelity & Guaranty Co., Baltimore, Md. 

United Surety Co., Baltimore, Md. 

CAPITAL STOCK LIFE COMPANIES. 

Aetna Life Insurance Co., Hartford, Conn. 

Equitable Life Assurance Society, New York. 

Great West Life Assurance Co., Winnipeg, Manitoba. 

Germania Life Insurance Co., New York. 

Home Life Insurance Co., New York. 

Manhattan Life Insurance Co., New York. 

Missouri State Life Insurance Co., St. Louis, Mo. 

National Life Insurance Co. of U. S. of A., Chicago, 111. 

Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Co., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Pioneer Life Insurance Co., Fargo, N. D. 

Prudential Insurance Company of America, Newark, N. J. 

Travelers Insurance Co., Hartford, Conn. 

Union Central Life Insurance Co., Cincinnati, O. 

United States Annuity and Life Insurance Co., Chicago, 111. 

Washington i^ife Insurance Co., New York. 

MUTUAL LIFE COMPANIES. 

Bankers Reserve Life Co., of Omaha, Neb. 
Des Moines Life Insurance Co., Des Moines, Iowa- 
Fidelity Mutual Life Insurance Co., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Minnesota Mutual Life Insurance Co., St. Paul, Minn. 
Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Co., Newark, N. J. 
Mutual Life Insurance Co., New York. 
National Life Insurance Co., Montpelier, Vt. 
New York Life Insurance Co., New York. 

Northwestern National Life Insurance Co., Minneapolis, Minn. 
Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Co., Milwaukee, Wis. 
Phoenix Mutual Life Insurance Co., Hartford, Conn. 
Royal Union Mutual Life Insurance Co., Des Moines, Iowa. 
State Life Insurance < Co. , Indianapolis, Ind. 
Security Mutual Life Insurance Co., Binghampton, N. Y. 

ASSESSMENT LIFE COMPANIES. 

Bankers Life Association of Des Moines, Iowa. 
Surety Fund Life Insurance Co., Minneapolis, Minn. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



291 



FRATERNAL SOCIETIES. 

Ancient Order United Workmen, Fargo, N. D. 

Brotherhood of American Yeomen, Des Moines, Iowa. 

Catholic Order of Foresters, Chicago, 111. 

Court of Honor, Springfield, 111. 

Daughters of Norway, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Degree of Honor, Jamestown, N. D. 

Fraternal Union of America, Denver, Colo. 

Homesteader, Des Moines, Iowa. 

Improved Order of Heptasophs, Baltimore, Md. 

Independent Order of Foresters, Toronto, Canada. 

Independent Scandinavian Workingmens Association, Eau Qaire, 
Wis. 

Knights of the Maccabees, Port Huron, Mich. 

Knights of Pythias, Chicago, 111. 

Knights of Columbus, New Haven, Conn. 

Locomotive Engineers Mutual Life & Accident Insurance Association, 
Cleveland, Ohio. 

Ladies of the Maccabees, Port Huron, Mich. 

Loyal Americans, Springfield, 111. 

Modern Brotherhood, Mason City, Iowa. 

Modern Protective Association, Sayre, Pa. 

Modern Samaritans, Duluth,^ Minn. 

Modern Woodmen of America, Rock Island, 111. 

National Protective Legion, Waverly, N. Y. 

National Union, 'loledo, Ohio. 

Royal Arcanum, Boston, Mass. 

Sons of Norway, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Royal Neighbors, Rock Island, 111. 

Supreme Tribe of Ben Hur, Crawfordsville, Ind. 

United Commercial Travelers, Columbus, O. 

United Order of Foresters, .Milwaukee, Wis. 

Western Bohemian Catholic t/nion, New Prague, Minn. 

Western Masons Mutual Life Association, Los Angeles, Ca. 

Woodmen of the World, Omaha, Neb. 



NORTH DAKOTA LEGAL WEIGHTS. 



Apples 50 

Barley 48 

Beans 60 

Bran 20 

Bromus inermus — 14 

Buckwheat 42 

Beets 60 

Broom corn 30 

Corn , shelled 56 

Corn in the ear 70 

Clover seed 60 

Coal , stone 80 

Flax seed 56 



pounds Lime 80 pounds 

pounds Millet 50 pounds 

pounds Oats 32 pounds 

pounds Onions 52 pounds 

pounds Potatoes , Irish 60 pounds 

pounds Potatoes, sweet .... 46 pounds 

pounds Peas 60 pounds 

pounds Rye 56 pounds 

pounds Salt 80 pounds 

pounds Speltz 40 pounds 

pounds Turnips 60 pounds 

pounds Timothy seed 45 pounds 

pounds Wheat . . 60 pounds 



292 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



CENSUS STATISTICS. 



Population of North Dakota by Counties. 

TABLE 1.— POPULATION OF NORTH DAKOTA, 1860 TO 1900. 



Census Years 



Population 



Increase 



Number 



Per Cent 



1900 
1890 
1880 
1870 
1860 



(1) 
(1) 
(2) 



319,146 

182,719 

36,909 

2,405 

4,837 



136,427 

145,810 

34,504 



74.7 

395.1 

1,434.7 



(1) Approximate population of present area of North Dakota. 

(2) Dakota territory. 

The population of the state in 1900 was 319,146 as compared with 
a population in 1890 of 182,719, showing an increase during the last 
ten years of 136,427, or 74.7 per cent, A small portion of this in- 
crease is due to the fact that there were 7,980 Indians and 284 other 
persons, or a total of 8,264 persons, on Indian reservations, etc., 
in North Dakota, who were specially enumerated in 1890 under the 
provisions of the census act, but were included in the general popu- 
lation of the state at that census. That part of the territory of 
Dakota which now constitutes the state of North Dakota, had an 
approximate population in 1870 of 2,405, and in 1880 of 36,909, the 
increase from 1870 to 1880 having been 34,504, or 1,434.7 per cent, 
and from ]889 to 1890, 145,810, or 891.1 per cent. 

The population of North Dakota, in 1900 was nearly nine times as 
large as that given for 1880. 

The total land surface of North Dakota is approximately 70,195 
square miles, the average number of persons to the square mile at 
the censuses of 1890 and 1900 being as follows: 1890, 2.6; 1900, 4.5. 

Table 2 shows the population of North Dakota by counties at each 
census from 1870 to 1900 inclusive, while table 3, which immediately 
follows, shows, for each county, the increase (or decrease) by number 
and per cent during the ten years from 1890 to 1900. ^ 

TABLE 2.— POPULATION OF NORTH DAKOTA BY COUNTIES: 

1870 TO 1900. 



Counties 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1870 


The state 


319,146 


182,719 


(1) 36,909 


(1) 2,405 





Aired (2) 

Barnes 

Benson (3) 

Billings (4) 

Bottineau 



13,159 

8,320 

975 

7,532 



7,045 

2,460 

170 

2,893 



1,585 
1,323 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



29S 



TABLE 2 — Continued. 



Counties 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1870 


Bowman (6) 




6 

803 

4,247 

19,613 

6,471 

74 

5,573 

159 

1,377 

1,871 

72 
1,210 

33 

18,357 

2,817 

81 


3,246 
8,998 

38 

37 

6.248 

12 
89 




Buford (7) 

Burleigh 

V^ttSS •••• •• ••••• 

Cavalier (8) 

Church (9) 

De Smct (10) 

Dickey (11) 

Dunn (12) 






6,081 
28,625 
12,580 

6,061 


• 


Eddy (13) 

Emmons 

Flannery (7) 

Foster (14) 

Garfield (15) 


3,330 
4,349 




3,770 




Grand Forks (16) . . 

Griggs (17) 

Hettinger (18) 


24.459 
4,744 


\ 


Howard (19) 






Kidder 


1,754 


1,211 





(I) Total population for Dakota territory in 1880, 135,177, 1870, 
14,184; 1860, 4,837. The population of the remaining counties in 
1880 and 1870 is given under South Dakota; no county organization 
in 1860. 

(2 Organized from part of Howard in 1883; part annexed to Bil- 
lings in 1897, and part taken to form part of Williams since 1890. 

(3) Organized from parts of De Smet and Ramsey in 1883. 

(4) Part taken to form Bowman in 1883; Bowman, McKenzie and 
part of Aired annexed in 1897. 

(5) Part of Renville annexed in 1897. 

(6) Organized from part of Billings in 1883; annexed to Billings 
in 1897. 

(7) Organized from part of Wallette in 1883; part taken to form 
part of Williams since 1890. 

(8) Towner organized from parts of Cavalier and Rolette in 
1883. 

(9) Organized from parts of McHenr^^ and Sheridan in 1887; 
annexed to McHenry, McLean and Pierce since 1890. 

(10) Name changed from French in 1875; taken to form Pierce 
in 1887 and part of Benson in 1883. 

(II) Dickey organized from part of LaMoure in 1881. 

(12) Organized from part of Howard in 1883; annexed to Stark 
in 1897. 

(13) Organized from part of Foster in 1885. 

(14) Parts taken to form Eddy in 1885, part of Griggs in 1881, 
and part of Nelson in 1883. , 

(15) Organized from part of Stevens in 1885, annexed to McLean 
in 1891. 

(16) Parts taken to form parts of Walsh in 1881 and Nelson in 
1883. 

(17) Organized from parts of Foster and Traill in 1881; part taken 
to form part of Steele in 1883. 

(18) Organized from part of Stark in 1883; annexed to Stark in 
1897. 

(19) Taken to form Aired, Dunn, McKenzie and Wallace in 
1888. 



294 



LEGISLATIVE MANtJAL 



TABLE 2 — Continued. 



Counties 



1900 



1890 



I 
1880 , I 1870 



LaMoure (11) 


6,048 


3,187 


20' 




Logan (20) 


1,625 


597 






McHenry (21) 


5,253 


1,584 






Mcintosh (20) 


4,818 


3,148 






McKenzie (22) 




3 
960 






McLean (23) 


4,791 




Mercer (24) 


1,778 


428 






Morton 


8,069 


4,728 


200 




Mountraille (26) 




122 
4,293 


13 




Nelson (26) 


7,316 




Oliver (27) 


990 


464 






Pembina (28) 


17,869 


14,334 


4,862 


1,213 


Pierce (29) 


4,765 


905 






Ramsey (30) 


9,198 


4,418 


281 




Ransom (31) ...... 


6,919 


5,393 


637 




Renville (32) 




99 
10,751 


3,567 




Richland (33) 


17,387 




Rolette (8) , 


7,995 


2,427 






Sargent '(34) 


6,039 


5,076 






Sheridan (35) 




5 

2,304 






Stark (36) 


7,621 




Steele (37) 


5,888 


3,777 






Stevens (38) 




16 


247 











(11) Dickey organized from part of LaMoure in 1881. 

(20) Mcintosh organized from part of Logan in 188?. 

(21) Part taken to form part of Church in 1887; part of Church 
annexed since 1890. 

(22) Organized from part of Howard in 1883; annexed to Billings 
in 1897. 

(23) Organized from part of Stevens in 1883; Garfield and Sheri- 
dan annexed in 1891 and parts of Church and Stevens annexed since 
]890. 

(24) Part taken to form Oliver in 1885; part of Williams an- 
nexed since 1890. 

(25) Annexed to Ward in 1891. 

(26) Organized from parts of Foster, Grand Forks and Ramsey 
in 1883. 

(27) Organized from part of Mercer in 1885. 

(28) Part taken to form part of Walsh in 1881. 

(29) Organized from part of De Smet in 1887; part of Church 
annexed since 1890. 

(30) Parts taken to form pa;ts of Benson and Nelson in 1888. 

(31) Part taken to form part of Sargent in 1883. 

(32) Part taken to form part of Ward in 1885; annexed to Bot- 
tineau and Ward in 1897. 

(33) Part of Sisseton and Wahpeton Indian reservation annexed 
between 1880 and 1890. 

(8) Towner organized from parts of Cavalier and Rolette in 1883. 

(34) Organized from parts of Ransom county and Sisseton and 
Wahpeton Indian reservation in 1883. 

(35) Part taken to form part of Church in 1887; annexed to Mc- 
Lean in 1891. ^ ,, . 

(36) Part taken to form Hettinger in 1883; Dunn, Hettinger and 
Wallace annexed in 1897, and part of Williams annexed since 1890. 

(37) Organized from parts of Griggs and Traill in 1883. 

(38) Parts taken to form McLean in 1883, and Garfield and part 
of Ward in 1885; parts annexed to McLean and Ward since 1890. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



295 



TABLE 2— Continued. 



Counties 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1870 


Stutsman 

Towner (8) 

Traill (39) 

Wallace (12) 


9,143 

6,491 

13,107 


5,266 

1,450 

10,217 

24 


1,007 

4,123 

432 

14 




Wallette (40) 






Walsh (41) 

Ward (42) 

Wells (43) 

Williams (44) 


20,288 
7,961 
8,310 


16,587 

1,081 

1,212 

109 

(46) 511 




Williams (45) 

Standing Rock In- 
dian reservation 
(part of) (47) .. 

Unorganized territ'y 


1,530 
2,208 


(48) 1,192 







(39) Parts taken to form part of Griggs in 1881 and part of Steele 
in 1883. 

(40) Taken to form Buford and Flannery in 1885. 

(41) Organized from parts of Grand Forks and Pembina in 
1881. 

(42) Organized from parts of Renville and Stevens in 1885; 
Mountraille annexed in 1891, part of Renville annexed in 1897, and 
part of Stevens annexed since 1890. 

(43) Name changed from Gingras in _ 1881. 
Annexed to Mercer and Stark since 1890. 
Organized from Buford , Flannery and part of Aired since 



(44) 
, (45) 
1890. 

(46) 



Population of Fort Yates and Standing Rock Indian agency 
exclusive of reservation Indians. 

(47) Can not be located by counties. For population of re- 
mainder of reservation see figfUres for South Dakota. Formerly part 
of Bowman,* Dakota territory. Returned in 1890 as unorganized ter- 
ritory, 

(48) Of the population of the unorganized territory in Dakota 
in 1870 (2,091), 1,191 is estimated to have been within the present 
limits of North Dakota. 



TABLE NO. 3— INCREASE IN POPULATION OF 
DAKOTA BY COUNTIES— 1890 TO 1900. 



NORTH 



/^ * • 


Increase 


Counties 


Number 


Per Cent 


The state : 


136,427 


74.7 



Barnes . . 
Benson . 
Billings . 
Bottineau 
Bowman 
Buford . 
Burleigh 
Cass . . . . 





6.114 


80.8 




5,860 


238.2 




805 


473.5 




4,639 


160.4 


(1) 


6 




(1) 


803 






1,834 


43.2 




9,012 


45.9 



296 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



TABLE 3— Continued. 



Counties 



Increase 



Cavalier 

Church 

Dickey 

Dunn 

Eddy 

Emmons 

Flannery 

Foster 

Garfield 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Hettinger 

Kidder 

LaMoure 

Logan 

McHenry 

Mcintosh 

McKenzie 

McLean 

Mercer 

Morton 

Mountraille 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina 

Pierce 

Ramsey 

Ransom 

Renville 

Richland 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Sheridan .' 

Stark 

Steele 

Stevens 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Wallace 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 

Willi^ims 

Standing Rock Indian reservation (part of) 



Number 



a) 
(1) 

(1) 
(1) 

(1) 



(1) 



(1) 



(1) 



(1) 



(1) 



(1) 



(1) 



6,109 

74 

488 

159 

1,953 

2,378 

72 

2,560 

33 

6,102 

1,927 

81 

543 

2,861 

1,028 

3,669 

1,570 

3 

3,931 

1,350 

3,341 

122 

3,023 

526 

3,535 

3,860 

4,780 

1,526 

99 

6,636 

5,568 

963 

5 

,5,317 

2,111 

16 

3,877 

5,041 

2,890 

24 

3,701, 

6,280 

7,008 

109 

1 ,530 

1,697 



Per Cent 



04.4 

8.8 

141.8 
120.6 

211.6 



33.2 
68.4 

44.8 

89.8 

152.2 

231.6 

48.3 

457.1 

315.4 

70.7 

70.4 
113.4 

24.7 
426.5 
108.2 

28.3 

61.7 

229.4 

19.0 

230.8 
65.9 

73.6 

347.7 

28.3 

22.3 
373.6 
585.0 



332.1 



(1) Decrease; county abolished. 

The following territorial changes in the counties of North Dakota 
have been made since 1890: Present county of Williams organized 
from Buford, Flannery and part of Aired; part^ of Aired annexed 
to Billings and part taken to form part of Williams; Bowman and 
McKenzie annexed to Billings; Buford and Flannery taken to form 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



297 



part of Williams; Church annexed to McHenry, McLean and Pierce; 
Dunn, Hettinger and Wallace annexed to Stark*; Garfield and Sheridan 
annexed to McLean; Mountraille annexed to Ward; Renville annexed 
to Bottineau and Ward; Stevens annexed to McLean and Ward; and 
former county of Williams annexed to Mercer and Stark. 

Of the thirty-nine counties in the state all have increased in popula- 
tion during the decade, the counties showing more than 200 per 
cent of increase being Wells, 585.6 per cent; Billings, 473.5 per cent; 
McLean, 457.1 per cent; Pierce, 426.6 per cent; Ward, 873.6 per 
cent; Towner, 347.7 per cent;- Mercer, 315.4 per cent; Benson, 238.2 
per cent; McHenry, 231.6 per cent; Stark, 230.8 per cent; Rolette 
229.4 per cent; and Foster, 211.6 per cent. 

* State supreme cnurt decision in 1902 decided act of 1897, chang- 
ing boundaries of Stark county, unconstitutional, and original boun- 
daries were restored. 



\ 



POPULATION OF NORTH DAKOTA TOWNS AND 

CITIES, 1890 AND 1900. 

(Since the 1900 census many towns and cities have doubled in 
population, and new towns, some of them of great commercial im- 
portance, have sprung up in the northern and western part of the 
state. Synopsis of the state census of 1905 appears in the back part of this 
book. ) 



Cities, Towns an J Villages 



Population 



1900 



Ardoch town 

Bismarck 

Bottfneau town 

Buffalo village 

Cando town 

Canton town 

Casselton city 

Cavalier town 

Churchs Ferry village . 

Conway village .\ 

Cooperstown village . . . 

Crystal city 

Davenport village 

Devils Lake city 

Dickinson city 

Drayton town 

Edgeley village 

Edinburg village 

Ellendale city 

Enderlin city , . 

Fairmount village ..... 

Fargo city 

Forest River village . . . . 

Forman town 

Grafton city 

Grand Forks city 

Hamilton town 

Hankinson village 

Hatton village 



1 298 


214 


I 3,319 


2,186 


1 888 


145 


1 213 


177 


1 1,061 


200 


1 98 




1 1,207 


840 


1 671 




1 264 




I 216 




1 648 


368 


! 385 




1 245 




1 1,729 


846 


1 2,076 


987 


1 688 


318 


' 306 




' 286 




1 750 


761 


I 636 




1 284 


91 


1 9,589 


5,664 


1 252 




1 257 


178 


1 2,378 


1,594 


1 7,652 


4,979 


1 234 


257 


1 713 




430 





1890 



298 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Population of North Dakota Towns and Citiea. 1890 and 

1900 — Continued. 



Population 



Cities. Towns and Villages 




Hillsboro city 

Hoople village 

Hope village 

Hunter village 

Jamestowtt city 

Kulm village 

Lakota village 

LaMoure village ... 

Langdon city 

Larimore city 

Leeds village 

Lidgerwood village . 

Lisbon city 

Mandan city 

Mapleton village . . . 

Mayville city 

Michigan village . . . 

Milnor town 

Milton village 

Minnewaukan village 

Minot village 

Minto village 

New Salem village 
Northwood city . . . . 

Oakes city 

Park River city . . . 

Pembina city 

Pisek village 

Portland town 

Reynolds city 

RoIIa village .^ 

Rugby village 

St. Thomas town . . 
Sanborn village . . . . 

Sheldon town 

Steele city 

Tower City village 

Towner town 

Valley City 

Wahpeton city 

Walhalla city 

Williston city 

Willow City 

Wimbledon village . . 



I 



1,172 
174 
606 
407 

2,853 
463 
576 
457 

1,188 

1,235 
349 
585 

1,046 

1,658 
322 

1,106 
309 
322 
384 
482 

1,277 
860 
229 
d97 
688 

1,088 
929 
132 
524 
389 
400 
487 
661 
259 
«18 
185 
468 
831 

2,446 

2,228 
377 
763 
476 
226 



715 

238 

194 

2.296 

227 
309 
291 
553 



935 

1,328 

119 

657 

279 
202 

575 
467 

268 
379 
534 
670 

367 

255 

477 
227 
253 
138 
309 
211 
1,089 
1,518 



I 



Of the above named seventy-three incorporated places there were nine- 
teen which had more than 1,000 inhabitants in 1900; of these eleven 
had less than 2,000; six had more than 2,000 but less than 5,000 and 
two had more than 5,000, namely. Grand Forks with 7,652 and Fargo 
with 9,589 inhabitants. 

William R. Merriam, 

Director of Census. 



\ 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



299 



POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES BY STATES, 

1890 and 1900. 



States 




Alabama 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut . . . . 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts . . 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi . . . . 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 
New Jersey . . . 

New York 

North Carolina 
North Dakota . 

Ohio 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania . . 
Rhode Island . . 
South Carolina 
South Dakota . 

Tennessee 

Te^as 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington . . . , 
West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



,828 
,311 
,485 

539 

908 

184 

528 
,216 

161 
,821 
,516 
,254 
,469 
,147 
,381 

694 
,189 
,805 
,119 
,751 
,551 
,107 

243 

,068 

42 

411 
,883 
,268 
,891 

319 
,157 

413 
,301 

428 
,340 

401 
,022 
,048 

276 

343 
,854 

517 

958 

,068 

92 



Total I 74,627 

Territories , etc. , I 

Alaska (estimate) I 44 

Arizona I 122 

District of Columbia I 278 

Hawaii 1 54 

Indian Territory I 391 

New Mexico I 193 

Oklahoma 398 



097 
564 
053 
700 
355 
786 
542 
329 
771 
550 
468 
829 
496 
174 
627 
366 
946 
346 
782 
395 
372 
117 
289 
901 
334 
588 
669 
009 
992 
040 
545 
532 
365 
556 
312 
558 
723 
828 
565 
641 
184 
672 
900 
963 
531 



1,513 

1,138 

1,208 

412 

746 

16« 

891 

1,837 

84 

3,826 

2,192 

1,911 

1,427 

1,858 

1,118 

661 

1,042 

2,238 

2,093 

1,301 

1,289 

2,679 

132 

1,058 

45 

376 

1,444 

5,997 

1,617 

182 

3,672 

313 

5,258 

345 

1,151 

328 

1,767 

2,235 

207 

332 

1,655 

349 

762 

1,686 

60 



907 

000 
212 
718 
001 
960 
777 
245 




017 

170 

ISO 

198 

258 

493 

422 

353' 

385 

351 

404 

896 

096 

635 

587 

086 

390 

943 

889 

826 

600 

184 

169 

910 

761 

680 

933 

853 

947 

719 

316 

767 

014 

606 

149 

808 

518 

623 

905 

422 

980 

390 

790 

880 

705 



Indians 
Not Taxed 



1,649 
597 



2,297 



1,768 

10,746 
1,666 

4,711 
4,692 



10,932 

1,472 

2,631 
1,657 



44,617 
24,644 



66,033 
2,937 
5,927 



300 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Persons in the service of the United States stationed abroad (es- 
timated) 1900, 84,400. 

Indians, etc., on Indian reservations except Indian Territory, 1900, 
145,282. 

Total for seven terrtories, etc., 1900, 1,667,313; 1890, 552,945; 
Indians not taxed, 89,541. 

The Alaskan figures are derived from partial data only, and all re- 
turns for Alaska and for certain military organizations stationed abroad, 
principally in the Philippines, had not been received when the census 
bureau published the statement above. 



POSTAL INFORMATION. 

CLASSES OF MAIL MATTER. 

Domestic mail matter is divided into four classes: 

First Class — Letters, postal cards and matter wholly or partly in 
writing, whether sealed or unsealed (except manuscript copy accom- 
panying proof sheets or corrected proof sheets of the same) and all 
matter sealed or otherwise closed against inspection. Rates of post- 
age — Two cents per ounce or fraction thereof. Postal cards, one 
cent each. On "drop** letters two cents per ounce or fraction thereof 
when mailed at the letter carrier's office and one cent per ounce or 
fraction thereof where there is no free delivery. 

Second Class — Newspapers and publications issued at stated inter- 
vals as often as four times a year, bearing a date of issue and num- 
bered consecutively, issued from a known office of publication, and 
formed of printed sheets without board, cloth, leather or other sub- 
stantial binding. Such publication must be originated and published 
for the dissemination of information of a public character, or devoted 
to literature, the sciences, art or some special industry. They must 
have a legitimate list of subscribers and must not be designed primar- 
ily for advertising purposes, or for circulation free, or at nominal 
rates. Rate of Postage — For publishers and news agents, one cent a 
pound or fraction thereof. For others than publishers and news 
agents, one cent for each four ounces or fraction thereof. 

Third Class — Books, periodicals and matter wholly in print (not 
included in second class), proof sheets, corrected proof sheets and 
manuscript copy accompanying the same. Rate of Postage — One cent 
for each two ounces or fraction thereof. 

Fourth Class — Merchandise — namely, all matter not embraced in the 
other three classes and which is not in the form or nature liable to 
destroy, deface or otherwise damage the contents of the mail bag, 
or harm the person or anyone engaged in the postal service and not 
above the weight provided by law. Rate of Postage— One cent per 
ounce or fraction thereof, but on seeds, cuttings, roots, scions and 
plants one cent for each two ounces or fraction thereof. 

LIMIT OF WEIGHT — A package must not exceed four pounds in 
weight, unless it be a single^ book. Second class matter is not sub- 
ject to the four pound limitation. 

PAYMENT OF POSTAGE— On first-class matter the postage should 
be fully prepaid, but if two cents in stamps be affixed the matter will 
be forwarded and remainder due collected of addressee before de- 
livery. 

On second class, third and fourth class matter the postage must be 
fully prepaid. 

THE REGISTRY SYSTEM. 

All mail matter, includinj^ drop letters, may be registered, but 
not matter addressed to fictitious names, initials or box numbers, or 
bearing vague or indefinite addresses. The registry fee is eight cents 
additional to postage. It must be prepaid by stamps affixed. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 301 

The rates of postage to all foreign countries and colonies (ex- 
cept Canada and Mexico) are as follows: 

Letters, 1 ounce 6 cents 

Postal cards , each 2 cents 

Double postal cards , each 4 cents 

Newspapers and other printed matter, per 2 ounces 1 cent 

Commercial papers — 

Packets not in excess of 10 ounces 5 cents 

Packets in excess of 10 ounces, for each two ounces or 

fraction » 1 cent 

Samples in merchandise — 

Packets not in excess of four ounces 2 cents 

Packets in excess of four ounces, for each 2 ounces or 

fraction thereof 1 cent 

Registration fee on letters or other articles 8 cents 

Ordinary letters for any foreign country (except Canada and Mexico) 

must be forwarded whether any postage is prepaid on them or not. 
All other mailable matter must be prepaid, at least, partially. 

CANADA AND MEXICO. 

Matter mailed in the United States addressed to Canada or Mexico 
is subject to the same postage rates and conditions as it would be if 
it were addressed for delivery irl the United States, except that 1 cent 
must be prepaid for newspapers for each 2 ounces or fraction of 2 
ounces. 

COST OF DOMESTIC MONEY ORDERS. 

On order not exceeding $2.50 $ . 03 

Over $2.50 and not exceeding $5 .05 

Over $5 and not exceeding $10 .08 

Over $10 and not exceeding $20 .10 

Over $20 and not exceeding $30 .12 

Over $30 and not exceeding $40 .15 

Over $40 and not exceeding $50 .18 

Over $50 and not exceeding $60 .20 

Over $60 ana not exceeding $75 .26 

Over $75 and not exceeding $100 .30 

Rates on specially delivered letters, ten cents on each letter in 
addition to the regular postage. This entitles the letter to immediate 
delivery by special messenger. Special delivery stamps may be pur- 
chased at post offices, or if stamps of any kind" to the amount of 
10 cents, in addition to the regular postage, are attached and the 
words "Special Delivery" are written on the front of the envelope, 
the letter will be entitled to special delivery the same as 
though a regular speciaj delivery stamp was attached. The 
delivery, at carrier offices, extends to the limits of the carrier routes. 
At non-carrier offices it extends to one mile from the post office. Post- 
masters are not obliged to deliver beyond these limits, and letters 
addressed to places beyond must await delivery in the usual way, 
notwithstanding the special delivery stamp. 

All mail matter at large post offices is necessarily handled in great 
haste and should therefore in all cases be so plainly addressed as to 
leave no room for doubt and no excuse for error on the part of postal 
employes. Names of states should be written in full (or their abbrevia- 
tions very distinctly written) in order to prevent errors which arise 
from the similarity of such abbreviations as Cal. , Col.; Pa., Va., Vt.; 
Me., Mo., Md.; loa., Ind.; N. H., N. M., N. Y., N. J., N. C, D. 
C; Miss., Minn., Mass.; Nev., Neb.; Penn., Tenn. , etc., when 
hastily or carelessly written. This is especially necessary in addressing 
mail matter to places of which the names are borne by several post 
offices in different states. 



302 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Never send money or any other article of value through the mail 
except either by means of a money order or in a registered letter. Any 
person who sends money or jewelry in an unregistered letter not only 
runs a risk of losing his property, but exposes to temptation every 
one through whose hands his letter passes, and may be the means 
of ultimately bringing some clerk or letter carrier to ruin. 

See that every letter or package bears the full name and post office 
address of the writer, in order to secure the return of the letter, if the 
person to whom it is directed cannot be found. 

Such articles as poisons, explosives or inflammable articles, live ani- 
mals, insects, fruits or vegetable matter liable to decomposition, or 
substances exhaling a bad odor will not be forwarded in any case. 

Letters (but no other class of mail matter) will be returned to the 
sender free, if a request to that effect is printed or written on the 
envelope There is no limit ofe weight for first class matter fully pre- 
paid. 

An indemnity — not to exceed $25 for any one regfistered piece, or 
the actual value of the piece, if it is less than $25 — shall be paid for 
the loss of first class registered matter. 

When dropping a letter, newspaper, etc., into a street mailing box, 
or into the receptacle at a post office, always see that the packet falls 
into the box and does not stick in its passage. Observe, also, par- 
ticularly, whether the postage stamps remain securely in their places. 

Applications for the establishment of post offices should be addressed 
to the first assistant postmaster general, accompanied by a statement 
of the necessity therefor. Instructions will then be given and blanks 
furnished to enable the petitioners to provide the department with the 
necessary information. 



HOLIDAYS IN NORTH DAKOTA. 

January 1 — New Year's Day. 

February 12 — Lincoln's Birthday. 

February .22 — Washington's Birthday. 

May 30 — Memorial Day. 

July 4 — Independence Day. 

Election Day — All general election days. 

Thanksgiving Day — Last Thursday in November. 

December 25 — Christmas. 

Arbor Day — Day set by governor. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



303 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



Name and Birthplace 



Year 



Inaue'd 



Year I Age 



Politics 



Died 



A«c 



1 George Washington, Virginia 

2 John Adams, Massachusetts.. 

3 Thomas Jefferson, Virginia.. 

4 James Madison, Virginia.... 
6 James Monroe, Virginia 

6 J. p. Adams, Massachtisetts. 

7 Andrew Jackson, N. Carolina 

8 Martin Van Buren , New York 
9*Wm. H. Harrison, Virginia.. 

10 John Tyler, Virginia 

11 Jas. K. Polk, North Carolina 
12§Zachary Taylor, Virginia .... 

13 Millard Fillmore, New York. 

14 Franklin Pierce, N. Hampshire 

15 Jas. Buchanan, Pennsylvania. 
16t Abraham Lincoln, Kentucky. 
17 Andrew Johnson, N. Carolina 
.18 Ulysses S. Grant, Ohio .... 

19 Rutherford B. Hayes, Ohio.. 

20 II James A. Garfield, Ohio 

21 Chester A. Arthur, Vermont. 

22 Grover Cleveland, New Jersey 

23 Benjamin Harrison, Ohio ... 

24 Grover Cleveland, New Jersey 
25**William McKinley, Ohio .. 
26 Theodore Roosevelt, N. York 



1732 


1789 


57 


1735 


1797 


62 


1743 


1801 


58 


1751 


1809 


58 


1758 


1817 


59 


1767 


1825 


68 


1767 


1829 


62 


1782 


1837 


55 


1773 


1841 


68 


1790 


1841 


51 


1795 


1845 


50 


1784 


1849 


65 


1800 


1850 


50 


1804 


1853 


49 


1791 


1857 


66 


1809 


1861 


52 


1808 


1865 


57 


1822 


1869 


47 


1822 


1877 


54 


1831 


1881 


49 


1830 


1881 


51 


1837 


1885 


48 


1833 


1889 


55 


1837 


1893 


56 


1843 


3 897 


54 


1858 


1901 


43 



Federal 

Federal 

Repubt 

Repub 

Repub 

Repubt 

Dem. . 

Dem. . 

Whig.. 

Dem. . 

Dem. . 

Whig.. 

Whig., 

Dem. . 

Dem. . 

Repub. 

Repub. 

Repub. 

Repub. 

Repub. 

Repub. 

Dem. . 

Repub. 

Dem. . 

Repub. 

Repub. 



1799 
1826 
1826 
1836 
1881 
1848 
1845 
1862 
1841 
1852 
1849 
1850 
1874 
1869 
1868 
1865 
1875 
1885 
1893 
1881 
1886 

• « • • 

1901 

• • • • 

1901 



67 
90 
83 
85 
73 
80 
78 
79 
68 
72 
53 
65 
74 
64 
77 
56 
66 
63 
70 
49 
56 

• • 

68 

• • 

58 



•Died in office, April 4, 1841, when Vice President Tyler succeeded 
him. 

§pied in office, July 9, 1850, when Vice President Fillmore suc- 
ceeded him. 

t Assassinated, April 14, 1865, when Vice President Johnson suc- 
ceeded him. 

II Assassinated and died September 20, 1881, when Vice President 
Arthur succeeded him. 

UThe democratic party of today claims lineal descent from the first 
republican party and President Jefferson as its founder. 

t Political parties were disorganized at the time of the election of 
John Quincy Adams. He claimed to be a republican, but his doc- 
trines were decidedly federalistic. The opposition to his administra- 
tion took the name of democrats and elected Jackson president. 

••Assassinated and died September 14, 1901, when Vice Presi- 
dent Roosevelt succeeded him. 



304 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



VICE PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



/ 



1 John Adains, Massachusetts.. 

2 Thomas Jeflferson, Virginia . 

3 Aaron Burr, New Jersey .... 
4*George Clinton, New York .. 

, 5*Elbridge Gerry, Massachusetts 
6 Daniel D. Tompkins, N. York 
7tJohn C. Calhoun, S. Carolina 

8 Martin Van Buren , New York 

9 Richard M. Johnson, Ky.... 

lOtJohn Tyler, Virginia 

11 Geo. M. Dallas, Pennsylvania 
12||Millard Fillmore, New York . 
13§*Wm. R. King, N. Carolina 
14 John C. Breckenridge, Kent*y 

16 Hannibal Hamlin, Maine ... 
161IAndrew Johnson, N. Carolina 

17 Schuyler Colfax, New York. 
18*Henry Wilson, N. Hampshire 
19 Wm. A. Wheeler, New York 
20**Chester A. Arthur, Vermont 
21*Thomas A. Hendricks, Ohio. 

22 Levi P. Morton, Vermont... 

23 Adlai E. Stevenson, Kentucky 

24 Garret A. Hobart, New Jersey 
25»**Theodore Roosevelt, N. York 
26 Charles W. Fairbanks, Ohio. 



1735 


1 1789 


17431 17971 


1756 


1801 


1739 


1805 


1744 


1813 


1774 


1817 


1782 


1825 


1782 


1833 


1780 


1837 


1790 


1841 


1792 


1845 


1800 


1849 


1786 


1853 


1821 


1857 


1809 


1861 


1808 


1865 


1823 


1869 


1812 


1873 


1819 


1877 


1830 


1881 


1819 


1885 


1824 


1889 


1835 


1893 


1844 


1897 


1858 


1901 


1852 


1905 
1 



Federal . . . 


1826 


90 


Republican. 


1826 


83 


Republican 


1836 


80 


Republican 


1812 


73 


Republican 


1814 


70 


Republican 


1825 


51 


Republican 


1860 


68 


Democrat.. 


1862 


79 


Democrat.. 


1850 


70 


Democrat.. 


1862 


72 


Democrat.. 


1864 


72 


Whig 


1874 


74 


Democrat.. 


1853 


67 


Democrat.. 


1875 


54 


Republican 


1891 


81 


Republican 


1875 


66 


Republican 


1885 


62 


Republican 


1875 


63 


Republican 


1887 


68 


Republican 


1886 


66 


Democrat.. 


1885 


66 


Republican 


• • • • 


• • 


Democrat.. 


• • • • 


• • 


Republican 


1899 


65 


Republican 


• • • ■ 


• • 


Republican 


• • ■ • 


• • 



* Died in office, 
t Resigned December 28, 1832. 
t Became president by death of Harrison. 
§ Ex-officio as president pro tem of the senate. 
II Became president by death of Taylor. 
tf Became president by death of Lincoln. 
** Became president by death of Garfield. 
*** Became president by death of McKinley. 



THE JUDICIARY. 

SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES. 

Chief Justice of the United States— Melville W. Fuller, of Illinois, 

Born 1833, Appointed 1888. 

Associate Justice — John M. Harlan, Kentucky 1833 1877 

Associate Justice — Oliver Wendell Holmes, Masachusetts 1841 1902 

Associate Justice — David J. Brewer, Kansas 1837 1889 

Associate Justice — Wm. H. Moody, Massachusetts.... 1853 1906 

Associate Justice— William R. Day 1849 1903 

Associate Justice — Edward D. White, Louisiana 1845 1894 

Associate Justice — Rufus W. Peckham, New York.,.. 1838 1895 

Associate Justice — Joseph McKenna, California 1843 1898 

Reporter — Charles Henry Butler. 
Clerk — J. H. McKenney, D. C 
Marshal — John M. Wright, Kentucky. 

The salary of the chief justice of the United States is $13,000; 
associate justices, $12,500 each; of the reporter, $4,600; marshal, 
$3,500; clerk of the supreme court, $6,000. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 305 

, CIRCUIT COURTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 

1. Le Baron B. Colt, Rhode Island. 
William L. Putnam, Maine. 
Frances C. Lowell, Massachusetts. 

2. William J. Wallace, Albany, N. Y. 
E. Henry La Combe, New York. 
William K. Townsend, Connecticut. 
Alfred C. Coxe, New York. 

3. Jos. Buffington, Pennsylvania. 
George M. Dallas, Pennsylvania. 
George Gray, Delaware. 

4. Nathan Goff, West Virginia. 

Jeter C. Pritchard, North Carolina. 
6. Don A. Pardee, Louisiana. 

Andrew P. McCormick, Texas. 
David D. Shelby, Alabama. 

6. Henry F. Severens, Michigan. 
Horace H. Lurton, Tennessee. 
John K. Richards « Ohio. 

7. W. H. Seaman, Wisconsin. 
C. C. Kohlsaat, Illinois. 
Peter S. Grosscup, Illinois. 
Francis £. Baker, Indiana. 

8. William Van Devanter, Wyoming. 
Walter H. Sanborn, Minnesota. 
Amos M. Thayer, Missouri. 
William C. Hook, Kansas. 
William W. Morrow, California. 

9. William R. Gilbert, Oregon. 
Erskine M. Ross, California. 

Salaries, $7,000 each. The judges of each circuit and the justice 
of the supreme court for the circuit constitute a circuit court of 
appeals. The First circuit consists of Maine, Massachusetts, New 
Hampshire, Rhode Island. Second — Connecticut, New York, Ver- 
mont. Third — Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania. Fourth — Mary- 
land, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia. 
Fifth — Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas. 
Sixth — Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, Tennessee. Seventh — Illinois, 
Indiana, Wisconsin. Eighth — Arkansas, Colorado, Indian and Ok- 
lahoma territories, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, 
New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming. Ninth — 
Alaska, Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, 
Washington and Hawaii. 

UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 

Chief Justice — Stanton J. Peele, Ind., salary, $6,500. Associate 
Judges — F. M. Booth, Illinois; G. W. Atkinson, West Virginia; Samuel 
S. Barney, Wis.; Charles B. Howry, Miss. Salaries, $6,000 each. Chief 
Clerk — ^Archibald Hopkins, Mass., $3,000. 

UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGES. 

(Annual salary, $6,000.) 

Alabama— (N. D., M. D.) T. G. Jones, Montgomery; (S. D.), H. 
T. Toulmin, Mobile. 

Alaska — R. A. Gunnison, Juneau; Alfred S. Moore, Nome; J. Wicker- 
sham, Eagle City. 

Arizona — Edward Kent, Phoenix. 

Arkansas— (E. D.) Jacob Trieber, Little Rock; (W. D.) J. H. 
Rogers, Fort Smith. 

California — (N. D.) J. J. *DeHaven, San Francisco; (S. D.) O. 
Wellborn, Los Angeles. 



Blue Book— 20. 



306 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

Colorado — R. E. Lewis, Denver. 

Connecticut — ^Jas. P. Piatt, Hartford. 

Delaware — E. G. Bradford, Wilmington. 

Florida— (N. D.) Charles Swayne, Pensacola; (S. D.) J. W. Locke, 
Jacksonville. 

Georgia — (N. D.) W. T. Newman, Atlanta; (S. D.) Emory Speer, 
Macon. 

Hawaii — Sanford B. Dole, Honolulu. 

Idaho — ^James H. Beatty, Boise City. 

Illinois:;- (N. D.) S. H. Bethea, K. M. Landis, Chicago; (S. D.) J. 
O. Humphrey, Springfield; F. M. Wright, Urbana. 

Indian Territory— (N. D.) J. A. Gill, Vinita; L. F. Parker, 
Vinita; (C. D.) W. H. H. Clayton, McAlister; T. C. Humphrey, Mc- 
Alister; (S. D.) H. Townsend, Ardmore; J. T. Dickerson, Chickasha; 
(W. D.) C. W. Raymond, Muscogee; L. Sulsbacher, Muscogee. 

Indiana — A. B. Anderson, Indianapolis. 

Iowa— (N. D.) H. T. Reed, Cresco; (S. D.) Smith McPherson, Red 
Oak. 

Kansas — ^John C. Pollock, Leavenworth. 

Kentucky— (E. D.) A. M. J. Cochran, Maysville; (W. D.) W. 
Evans , Louisville. 

Louisiana — (E. D.) C. Parlange, New Orleans; (W. D.) A. Boar- 
man , Shreveport. 

Maine — Clarence Hale, Portland. 

Maryland — Thomas J. Morris, Baltimore. 

Massachusetts — F. Dodge, Boston. 

Michigan— (E. D.) Hy H. Swan, Detroit; (W. D.) Geo. P. Wanty, 
Grand Rapids. 

Minnesota — Wm. Lochren, Minneapolis; Page Morris, Duluth. 

Mississippi — (N. and S. D.) Henry C. Niles, Kosciusko. 

Missouri — (E. D.) G. A. Finkelnburg, St. Louis; (W. D.) J. F. 
Philips, Kansas City. 

Montana — Wiliam H. Hunt, Helena. 

Nebraska — William H. Munger, Omaha. 

Nevada — Thos. P. Hawley, Carson City. 

New Hampshire^^E. Aldrich, Littleton. 

New Jersey — W. M. Lanning, Trenton; Jos. Cross, Elizabeth. 

New Mexico — W. J. Mills, Las Vegas. 

New York— (N. D.) George W. Ray, Utica; (S. D.) George B. 
Adams, New York City; (E. D.) Edward B. Thomas, Brooklyn: (W. 
D.) John R. Hazel, Buflfalo; G. C. Holt, New York; C. M. Hough, 
New York City. 

North Carolina— (E. D.) T. R. Purnell, Raleigh; (W. D.) J. E. 
Boyd, Greensboro. 

North Dakota — C. F. Amidon, Fargo. 

Ohio— (N. D.) A. J. Ricks, R. W. Taylor, Cleveland; (S. D.) A. C. 
Thompson, Cincinnati. 

Oklahoma — J. H. Burford, Guthrie. 

Oregon — C. E. Wolverton, Portland. 

Pennsylvania— (E. D.) J. B. McPherson, Philadelphia; J. B. Hol- 
land, Philadelphia; (M. D.) R. W. Archibald, Scranton; (W. D.) J. 
Buffington , Pittsburg. 

Porto Rico — C. F. McKenna, San Juan. 

Rhode Island — A. L. Brown, Providence. 

South Carolina — W. H. Brawley, Charleston. 

South Dakota — T. E. Garland, Sioux Falls. 

Tennessee — (E. ' and M. D.) C. D. Clark, Chattanooga; (W. D.) 
J. E. McCall, Memphis. 

Texas— (N. D.) E. R. Meek, Fort Worth; (S. D.) W. T. Burns, 
Houston; (E. D.) D. E. Bryant, Sherman; (W. D.) T. S. Maxey, 
Austin. 

Utah — ^John A. Marshall Salt Lake City. 

Vermont — ^J. L. Martin, Brattleboro. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



307 



Virginia— (E. D.) E. Waddill, Jr., Richmond; (W. D.) H. C. Mc- 
Dowell, Bigstone Gap. 

Washington — C. H. Hanford, Seattle; E, Whitson, Spokane. 

West Virginia— (N. D.) A. G. Dayton, Phillippi; (S. D.) B. F. 
Keller, Bramwell. 

Wisconsin— (E. D.) J. V. Quarles, Milwaukee; (W. D.) A. L. 
Sanborn, Madison. 

Wyoming — John A. Riner, Cheyenne. 



JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT. 

(•Chief Justices.) 



Name 




• • • • 



•John Jay, N. Y 

John Rutledge , S. C 

William Gushing, Massachusetts 
James Wilson , Pennsylvania . . . 

John Blair , Virginia 

Robert H. Harrison, Maryland . 
James Iredell , North Carolina . . 
Thomas Johnson , Maryland ' . . . . 

William Paterson, New Jersey . 
•John Rutledge, South Carolina 
Samuel Chase, Maryland ....... 

Oliver Ellsworth, Connecticut .. 
Bushrod Washington, Virginia . 
Alfred Moore, North Carolina .. 

•John Marshall , Virginia 

William Johnson, South Carolina 
Brock Livingstone, N. Y. . 

Thomas Todd , Kentucky 

Joseph Story , Massachusetts 

Gabriel Duval, Maryland 

Smith Thompson, New York 

Robert Trimble , Kentucky 

John McLean , Ohio 

Henry Baldwin , Pennsylvania .... 

James M. Wayne , Georgia 

•Roger B. Taney, Maryland 

Philip P. Barbour, Virginia 

John Catron , Tennessee 

John McKinley , Alabama 

Peter V. Daniels, Virginia 

Samuel Nelson, New York 

Levi Woodbury, New Hampshire . . 
Robert C. Grier, Pennsylvania .... 
Benjamin R. Curtis, Massachusetts 

John A. Campbell, Alabama 

Nathan Clifford, Maine 

Noah H. Swayne, Ohio 

Samuel F. Miller, Iowa 

David Davis , Illinois 

Stephen J. Field, California \ 



1789- 

1789- 

1789 

1780- 

1789 

1789- 

1790- 

1791- 

1793- 

1795 

1796- 

1796. 

1798- 

1799- 

1801- 

1804- 

1806- 

1807- 

1811- 

1811- 

1823 

1826- 

1829- 

1830- 

1835- 

1836- 

1836- 

1837- 

1837- 

1841- 

1845 

1845- 

1846 

1851- 

1853- 

1858- 

1861- 

1862 

1862 

1863 



•1795 


6 


1745 


•1791 


2 


1739 


•1810 


21 


1733 


•1798 


9 


1742 


1796 


7 


1732 


1790 


1 


1745 


1799 


9 


1751 


•1793 


- 2 


1732 


1806 


13 


1745 


•1795 


• • 


1739 


1811 


15 


1741 


1800 


5 


1745 


1829 


31 


1762^ 


1804 


5 


1755 


1835 


34 


1755 


•1834 


30 


1771 


1823 


17 


1757 


1826 


19 


1765 


1845 


34 


1779 


1836 


25 


1752 


1843 


20 


1767- 


1828 


2 


1777 


1861 


32 


1785 


1844 


16 


1779 


1867 


32 


1790 


1864 


28 


1777 


1841 


5 


1783 


3 865 


28 


1786 


1852 


15 


1780 


1860 


19 


1785 


1872 


27 


1792 


1851 


6 


1789 


1870 


23 


1794 


1857 


6 


1809 


1861 


8 


1811 


■1881 


23 


1803 


1881 


20 


1804 


1890 


28 


1816 


1877 


15 


1815 


•1897 


34 


1816 



1829 
1800 
1810 
1798 
1800 
1790 
1799 
1819 
1806 
1800 
1811 
1807 
182D 
1810 
1835 
1834 
1823 
1826 
1845 
1844 
1843 
1828 
1861 
1844 
1867 
1864 
1841 
1805 
1852 
1860 
1873 
1851 
1870 
1874 
1889 
1881 
1884 
1890 
1885 
1899 



308 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



Justices of the Supreme Court — Oontinued. 



Name 



•Salmon P. Chase, Ohio, .... 

William Strong, Pennsylvania 

Joseph P. Bradley, New Jersey .. 

Ward Hunt, New York 

•Morrison R. Waite, Ohio 

John M. Harlan , Kentucky 

William B. Woods, Georgia 

Stanley Matthews, Ohio 

Horace Gray , Massachusetts 

Samuel Blatchford, New York ... 
Lucius Q. C. Lamar, Mississippi . . 

•Melville W. Fuller, Illinois 

David J. Brewer, Kansas 

Henry B. Brown , Michigan 

George Shiras, Jr., Pennsylvania . 
Howell E. Jackson , Tennessee .... 
Edward D. White , Louisiana .... 
Ruf us W. Peckham , New York . . 

Joseph McKenna , California 

Oliver Wendell Holmes , Mass 

W. R. Day, Ohio 

W. H. Moody, Massachusetts .... 




1864 

1870 

1870 

1872 

1874 

1877 

1880 

1881 

1881 

1882 

1888 

1888 

1889 

1890 

1892 

1893 

1894- 

1895- 

1898- 

1902- 

1903- 

1906- 



1873 
1880 
1892 
1882 
1888 



1887 
1889 
1902 
1893 
1893 



1895 



9 


1808 


10 


1808 


22 


1813 


10 


1811 


14 


1816 


• • 


1883 


7 


1824 


8 


1824 


• • 


1828 


11 


1820 


6 


1825 




1833 




1837 




1836 




1832 


2 


1832 




1845 




1838 




1843 




1841 




1849 




1853 



1873 
1895 
1892 
1886 
1888 

1887 
1889 
1902 
1893 
1893 



1895 



UNITED STATES CABINET OFFICERS. 

(State and date of appointment.) 
SECRETARIES OF STATE. 



Thomas Jefferson , Virginia 

Edmund Randolph, Virginia 

Timothy Pickering, Massachusetts 
Timothy Pickering, Massachusetts . 

John Marshall, Virginia 

James Madison , Virginia 

Robert Smith , Maryland 

James Monroe, Virginia , 

John Quincy Adams, Massachusetts 

Henry Clay, Kentucky 

Martin Van Buren , New York .... 
Edward Livingstone, Louisiana .... 

Louis McLane, Delaware 

John Forsyth , Georgia 

John Forsyth , Georgia 

Daniel Webster, Massachusetts .... 
Daniel Webster, Massachusetts .... 
Hugh S. Legare, South Carolina . . 

Abel P. Upshur, Virginia 

John C. Calhoun, South Carolina .. 
Tames Buchanan , Pennsylvania .... 

John M. Clayton , Delaware 

Daniel Webster, Massachusetts 



1789 
1794 
1795 
1797 
1800 
1801 
1809 
1811 
1817 
1825 
1829 
1831 
1833 
1834 
1837 
1841 
1841 
1843 
1843 
1844 
1845 
1849 
1850 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



309 



United States Cabinet Officers — Continued. 

SECRETARIES OF STATE— Continued. 



Edward Everett , Massachusetts 

William L. Marcy, New York » 

Lewis Cass , Michig^an 

Jeremiah S. Black , Pennsylvania 

William H. Seward, New York 

William H. Seward, New York 

Elihu B. Washburn , Illinois 

Hamilton Fish , New York 

William M. Evarts. New York 

James G. Blaine, Maine 

F. T. ' FrelinRhuysen , New Jersey 

Thomas F. Bayard, Delaware 

James G. Blaine, Maine 

John W. Foster, Indiana 

Walter 0* Gresham , Illinois 

Richard Olney , Massachusetts 

John Sherman , Ohio 

William R. Day, Ohio 

John Hay, Indiana 

John Hay, Indiana 

John Hay, Indiana 

"Elihu Root, New York 



1852 
1858 
1857 
1860 
1861 
1865 
1869 
1869 
1877 
1881 
1881 
1885 
1889 
1892 
1893 
1895 
1897 
1898 
1898 
1901 
1905 
1905 



SECRETARIES OF THE NAVY. 



George Cabot , Massachusetts 

Benjamin Stoddert, Maryland 

Benjamin Stoddert, Maryland .... 

Robert Smith, Maryland , 

Jacob Crowninshield, Massachusetts.. 
Paul Hamilton , South Carolina . . . . , 

Wilson Tones, Pennsylvania .', 

H. W. Crowninshield, Massachusetts 
H. W. Crowninshield, Massachusetts 

Smith Thompson , New York 

Samuel L. Southard , New Jersey . . 
Samuel L. Southard , New Jersey . . . 

John Branch , North Carolina 

Levi Woodbury, New Hampshire . . 

Mahlon Dickerson , New Jersey 

Mahlon Dickerson , New Jersey . . . . , 

James K. Paulding, New York . 

George E. Badger, North Carolina . 
George E. Badger, North Carolina . 

Abel P. Upshur , Virginia , 

David Henshaw, Massachusetts .... 

Thomas W. Gilmer , Virginia 

John Y. Mason , Virginia 

George Bancroft, Massachusetts . . . , 

John. Y. Mason, Virginia , 

William B. Preston, Virginia 

William A. Graham, North Carolina 



1798 
1798 
1801 
1801 
1805 
1809 
1813 
1814 
1817 
1818 
1823 
1825 
1829 
1831 
1834 
1837 
1838 
1841 
1841 
1841 
1843 
1844 
1844 
1845 
1846 
1849 
1850 



/" 



310 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



United States Cabinet Officers— Continued. 

SECRETARIES OF THE NAVY— Continued. 



John P. Kennedy, Maryland 
ames C. Dobbin, North Carolina 
saac Toucey, Connecticut 

Gideon Wells, Connecticut 

Gideon Wells, Connecticut 

Adolph E. Borie, Pennsylvania 

George M. Robeson , New Jersey 

Richard W. Thompson , Indiana 

Nathan Goff, Jr., West Vii;ginia 

William H. Hunt, Louisiana 

William E. Chandler, New Hampshire 

William C. Whitney, New York 

Benjamin F. Tracy, New York 

Hilary A. Herbert , Alabama .' 

John D. Long, Massachusetts 

William H. Moody, Massachusetts .... 

Paul Morton, Illinois .. 

Paul Morton, Illinois 

Chas. J. Bonaparte, Maryland 

Victor JI. Metcalf, California 



1852 
1853 
1857 
1861 
1865 
1869 
1869 
1877 
1881 
1881 
1883 
1885 
1889 
1893 
1897 
1902 
1904 
1905 
1905 
1907 



♦POSTMASTERS GENERAL. 



Samuel Osgood , Massachusetts 

Timothy Pickering, Massachusetts 

Joseph Habersham , Georgia 

Joseph Habersham , Georgia 
oseph Habersham , Georgia 

Gideon Granger, Connecticut 

Gideon Granger, Connecticut 

Return J. Meigs, Jr 

Return J. Meigs, Jr 

John McLean , Ohio 

John McLean , Ohio 

William T. Barry , Kentucky 

Amos Kendall , Kentucky 

Amos Kendall , Kentucky 

John M. Niles , Connecticut 

Francis Granger, New York 

Francis Granger , New York 

Charles A. Wickliffe, Kentucky 

Cave Johnson , Tennessee 

Jacob Collamer, Vermont 

Nathan K. Hall, New York 

Samuel D. Hubbard 

James Campbell , Pennsylvania 

Aaron V. Brown , Tennessee 

Joseph Holt , Kentucky 

Horatio King, Maine 

Montgomery Blair, Maryland 

William Dennison, Ohio 

William Dennison , Ohio 

Alex. W. Randall , Wisconsin 

John A. J. Crcsswell, Mar^^land 

James W. Marshall , Virginia 

Marshall Jewell, Connecticut 

James N. Tyner, Indiana ( 



1789 
1791 
1795 
1797 
1801 
1801 
1809 
1814 
1817 
1823 
1825 
1829 
1835 
1837 
1840 
1841 
1841 
1841 
1845 
1849 
1850 
1852 
1853 
1857 
1859 
1861 
1861 
1864 
1865 
1866 
1869 
1874 
1874 
1876 



•The postmaster general was not considered a cabinet officer ufttil 
1829. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



311 



United States Cabinet Officers — Continued. 

POSTMASTERS GENERAI^-Continued. 



David McK. Key , Tennessee 

Horace Maynard, Tennessee 

Thomas L. James, New York « 

Timothy O. Howe, Wisconsin 

Walter Q. Gresham , Indiana 

Frank Hatton , Iowa 

William F. Vilas, Wisconsin 

Don M. Dickinson, Michigan 

John Wanamaker, Pennsylvania # 

Wilson S. Bissel, New York 

William L. Wilson, West Virginia 

James A. Gary , Maryland 

Chas. Emery Smith, Pennsylvania . . .' 

Henry C. Payne, Wisconsin 

Robert J. Wynne, Pennsylvania 

George B. Cortelyou , New York 

Geo. L. Van Meyer, Massachusetts 



1 



1877 
1880 
1881 
1881 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1888 
1889 
1893 
1895 
1897 
1898 
1902 
1904 
1905 
1907 



SECRETARIES OF THE TREASURY. 



Alexander Hamilton , New Y9rk 

Oliver Wolcott , Connecticut 

Oliver Wolcott, Connecticut 

Samuel Dexter, Massachusetts 

Samuel Dexter, Massachusetts 

Albert Gallatin 

Albert Gallatin 

Albert Gallatin 

George W. Campbell , Tennessee 

Alexander J. Dallas , Pennsylvania . . . . 

William H. Crawford, Georgia 

William H. Crawford , Georgia 

Richard Rush, Pennsylvania 

Samuel D. Ingham , Pennsylvania 

Louis McLane , Delaware 

William J. Duane, Pennsylvania 

Roger B. Taney, Maryland 

Levi Woodbury, New Hampshire 

Levi Woodbury, New Hampshire 

Thomas Ewing, Ohjo 

Thomas Ewing, Ohio 

Walter Forward, Pennsylvania 

John C. Spencer, New York 

George M. Bibb, Kentucky 

Robert J. Walker, Mississippi 

William M. Meredith, Pennsylvania .. 

Thomas Corwin, Ohio 

James Guthrie, Kentucky 

Howell Cobb , Georgia 

Philip F. Thomas , Maryland 

John A. Dix, New York 

Salmon P. Chase, Ohio 

William P. Fessenden , Maine 

Hugh McCulloch, Indiana 

Hugh McCulloch, Indiana 

George S. Boutwell , Massachusetts . . 
William A. Richardson, Massachusetts 

Benjamin F. Bristow, Kentucky 

Lot M. Morrill , Maine 



1789 

1796 

1797 

1801 

1801 

1801 

1805 

1809 

1814 

1814 

1816 

1817 

1825 

1829 

1831 

1833 

1833 

1834 

1837 

1841 

1841 

1841 

1843 

1844 

1845 

1849 

1850 

1853 

1857 

1860 

1861 

1861 

1804 

1865 

1865 

1869 

1873 

1874 

1876 



312 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



United States Cabinet Officers — Continued. 

SECRETARIES OF THE TREASURY— Continued. 



John Sherman , Ohio' 

William Windom, Minnesota 

Charles J. Folger , New York 

Walter Q. Gresham , Indiana 

Hugh McCulloch , Indiana 

Daniel Manning, New York 

Charles S. Fairchild , New York 

William Windom, Minnesota 

Charles Foster , Ohio <. 

John G. Carlisle, Kentucky 

Lyman J. Gage , Illinois 

Leslie M." Shaw, Iowa 

Leslie M. Shaw, Iowa 

Geo. B. Cortelyou, New York 



1877 
1881 
1881 
1884 
1884 
1886 
1887 
1889 
1891 
1893 
1897 
1902 
1905 
1907 



SECRETARIES OF WAR. 



Henry Knox , Massachusetts 

Timothy Pickering, Massachusetts 

James McHenry, Maryland *•. 

James McHenry, Maryland 

John Marshall,' Virginia 

Samuel Dexter , Massachusetts 

Roger Griswold , Connecticut 

Henry Dearborn , Massachusetts 

William Eustis, Massachusetts 

John Armstrong, New York 

James Monroe, Virginia 

William H. Crawford , Georgia 

Isaac Shelby , Kentucky 

Geo. Graham (ad. in.) , Virginia 

John C. Calljoun, South Carolina 

James Barbour, Virginia 

Peter B. P6rter, New York 

John H. Eaton , Tennessee 

Lewis Cass , Ohio 

Benjamin F. Butler, New York 

Joel R. Poinsett , South Carolina 

John Bell , Tennessee 

John Bell , Tennessee 

John McLean , Ohio 

John C. Spencer , New York 

James M. Porter, Pennsylvania 

William Wilkins, Pennsylvania 

William L. Marcy, New York 

George " W. Crawford , Georgia 

Edward Bates , Missouri 

Charles M. Conrad , Louisiana 

Jefferson Davis, Mississippi 

John B. Floyd , Virginia 

Joseph Holt , Kentucky 

Simon Cameron, Pennsylvania 

Edwin M. Stanton, Ohio 

Edwin M. Stanton, Ohio 

U. S. Grant (ad. in.) , Illinois 

Lor. Thomas (ad. in.) 

John M. Schofield, New York 

John A. Rawlins, Illinois 



1789 

1795 

1796 

1797 

1800 

1800 

1801 

1801 

1809 

1813 

1814 

1815 

1817 

1817 

1817 

1825 

1828 

3 829 

1831 

1837 

1837 

1841 

1841 

1841 

1841 

1843 

1844 

1845 

1849 

1850 

1850 

IJiCS 

1857 

1861 

1861 

1862 

1865 

1867 

1868 

1868 

1869 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



313 



United States Cabinet Officers — Continued. 

SECRETARIES OF WAR— Continued. 



William T. Sherman, Ohio 

William T. Belknap , Iowa 

Alphonso Taft, Ohio 

James Don Cameron, Pennsylvania 

George W. McCrary, Iowa 

Alexander Ramsey, Minnesota 

Robert T. Lincoln , Illinois 

Robert T. Lincoln , Illinois 

William C. Endicott, , Massachusetts 

Redfield Proctor, Vermont 

Stephen B. Elkins, West Virginia . 
Daniel S. Lamont, New York . . . . 

R. A. Alger, Michigan 

Elihu Root, New York 

Elihu Root, New York 

William Taft, Ohio 

William Taft, Ohio 



1869 
1869 
1876 
1876 
1877 
1879 
1881 
1881 
1885 
1889 
1891 
1893 
1897 
1899 
1901 
1904 
1905 



SECRETARIES OF THE INTERIOR. 



Thomas Ewing, Ohio 

Tames A. Pearce , Maryland 

Thos. M. T. Kemon, Pennsylvania 
Alex. H. H. Stewart , Virsrinia . . 

Robert McClelland , Michigan 

Jacob Thompson, Mississippi 

Caleb B. Smith, Indiana 

John P. Usher, Indiana 

John P. Usher, Indiana 

James Harlan , Iowa 

Orville H. Browning, Illinois . . . 

Jacob D. Cox , Ohio 

Columbus Delano, Ohio 

Zachariah Chandler, Michigan . . . . 

Carl Schurz , Missouri 

Samuel J. Kirkwood , Iowa 

Henry M. Teller, Colorado 

Lucius Q. C. Lamar, Misissippi . . . 

William F. Vilas, Wisconsin 

John W. Noble, Missouri 

Hoke Smith , Georgia 

Cornelius N. Bliss, New York .... 
Ethan A. Hitchcock, Missouri . . . . , 
Ethan A. Hitchcock, Missouri . . . 
Ethan A. Hitchcock, Missouri .... 
James R. Garfield, Ohio 



1849 
1850 
1850 
1850 
1853 
1857 
1861 
1863 
1865 
1865 
1866 
1869 
1870 
1875 
1877 
1881 
1882 
1885 
1888 
1889 
1893 
1897 
1898 
1901 
190.5 
1907 



SECRETARIES OF AGRICULTURE. 



Norman J. Coleman, Missouri 
Jeremiah M. Rusk, Wisconsin 
J. Sterling Morton, Nebraska . 

James Wilson , Iowa 

James Wilson, Iowa 

James Wilson, Iowa 



1889 
1889 
1893 
1897 
1901 
1905 



314 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



United States Cabinet Officers — Goatinued. 

ATTORNEYS GENERAL. 



Edmund Randolph , Virginia 

Edmund Randolph , Virginia 

William Bradford, Pennsylvania 

Charles Lee , Virginia 

Charles Lee , Virginia 

Theophilus Parsons, Massachusetts 

Levi Lincoln , Massachusetts 

Robert Smith , Maryland » 

John BrecKinridge, Kentucky 

Caesar A. Rodney , Delaware 

Caesar A. Rodney , Delaware 

William Pinckney , Maryland 

William Pinckney, Maryland 

Richard Rush , Pennsylvania 

Richard Rush, Pennsylvania 

William Wirt, Vir^nia 

William Wirt, Virginia '. 

John McP. Berrien , Georgia 

Roger B. Taney , Maryland 

Benjamin F. Butler, New York 

Benjamin F. Butler, New York 

Felix Grundy , Tennessee 

Henry D. Gilpin 

John J. Crittenden , Kentucky 

John J. Crittenden , Kentucky _ 

Hugh S. Legare , South Carolina 

John Nelson , Maryland ^ 

John Y. Mason , Virginia 

Nathan Clifford , Maine 

Isaac Toucey , Connecticut 

Reverdy Johnson , Maryland 

John J. Crittenden , Kentucky 

Caleb Cushing, Massachusetts 

Jeremiah S. Black, Pennsylvania 

Edwin M. Stanton , Ohio 

Edward Bates, Missouri 

Titian J. Coffey, Pennsylvania (ad. in.) 

James Speed, Kentucky 

Tames Speed , Kentucky 

Henry Stanbery, Ohio 

William M. Evarts, New York 

Ebenezer R. Hoar, Massachusetts 

Amos T. Ackerman , Georgia 

George H. Williams, Oregon 

Edwards Pterrepont , New York 

Alphonso Taft, Ohio *. . . * 

Charles Devens, Massachusetts 

Wayne MacVeagh , Pennsylvania ' 

Benjamin H. Brewster, Pennsylvania , 

Augustus H. Garland , Arkansas 

William H. H. Miller, Indiana 

Richard Olney , Massachusetts 

Judson Harmon , Ohio 

Joseph McKenna, California 

John Wm. Griggfs, New Jersey 

Philander C. Knox, Pennsylvania 

William H. Moody, Massachusetts 

William H. Moody, Massachusetts 

Chas. J. Bonaparte, Maryland 



1789 
1793 
1794 
1795 
1797 
1801 
1801 
1805 
1805 
1807 
1809 
1811 
1813 
1814 
1817 
1817 
1825 
1829 
1831 
1833 
1837 
1838 
1840 
1841 
1841 
1841 
1843 
1845 
1846 
1848 
1849 
1850 
1853 
1857 
1860 
1861 
1863 
1864 
1865 
1866 
1868 
1869 
1870 
1871 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1881 
1881 
1885 
1889 
1893 
1895 
1897 
1898 
1901 
1904 
1905 
1907 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



315 



United States Cabinet Officers — Ck>ntiiiued. 

SECRETARIES OF COMMERCE AND LABOR. 



George B. Cortclyou, New York 
Victor H. Metcaif, California 
Victor H. Metcaif, California 
Oscar S. Straus, New York . . . . , 



1903 
1904 
1906 
1907 



Note. — Since the foundation of the government, the individual 
states have been represented the following number of times in cabinet 
positions: Massachusetts, 30; New York, 30; Pennsylvania, 26; 
Virginia, 22; Ohio, 20; Kentucky, 15; Indiana, 10; Connecticut, 
9; Georgia, 8; Tennessee, 8; Illinois, 7; Maine, 6; South Carolina, 
6; Delaware, 5; Missouri, 6; Wisconsin, 6; Iowa, 6; Michigan, 4; 
Mississippi, 4; New Jersey, 4; North Carolina, 4; Louisiana, 3; 
Minnesota, 8; New Hampshire, 3; West Virginia, 3; California, 2; 
Vermont, 2; Alabama, 1; Arkansas, 1; Colorado, 1; Nebraska, 1; 
Oregon, 1. The states which have not been represented in the cabinet 
are: Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, 
Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Washington, Wyoming. 



THE FEDERAL GOVERNIVIENT. 

STATE DEPARTMENT. 

Assistant Secretary — Robert Bacon, New York $ 4,500 

Second Assistant Secretary — A. A. Adee, D. C 4,500 

Third Assistant Secretary — Huntington Wilson, Illinois .... 4,500 

Chief Clerk— Charles Denby 3,000 

Assistant Solicitors — ^Joshua R. Clark , Jr. , Utah 3 , 000 

William C. Dennis , Indiana 3 , 000 

Chief Diplomatic Bureau — S. Y. Smith D. C 2 , 100 

Chief Consular Bureau — Wilbur J. Carr, D. C 2,100 

Chief Indexes and Archives — ^John R. Buck 2 ,100 

Chief Bureau Accounts — Thos. Morrison, New York 2,100 

Chief Bureau Rolls and Library— William McNair 2,100 

Chief Bureau Trade Relations — ^John B. Osborne 2,100 

Chief Bureau Appointments — Chas. R. Dean 2,100 

Chief Bureau of Passports — Gaillard Hunt, D. C; 2,100 

TREASURY DEPARTMENT^ 

Assistant Secretary — Chas. H. Keep, New York $ 4,500 

Assistant Secretary — ^James B. Reynolds, Massachusetts .... 4,500 

Assistant Secretary — ^John H. Edwards, Ohio 4,500 

Chief Clerk— Walter W. Ludlow, Minnesota 3 ,000 

Chief Appointment Div. — Chas. Lyman , Connecticut 2 , 750 

Ch. Bookkeeping Div. — W. F. MacLennan, New York .... 3,500 

Chief Public Moneys Div. — E. B. Daskam, Connecticut .... 2,500 

Chief Customs Division — ^James L. Gerry, Illinois 2,750 

Chief Loans and Currency Div. — ^A. T. Huntington, Mass. . 3,000 

Chief Stationery and Printing Div. — G. Simmons, D. C... 2,500 

Chief Mails and Files Division — S. M. Gaines, Kentucky.. 2,500 

Chief Revenue Cutter Service — Worth G. Ross 

Director of Mint — Geo. E. Roberts, Iowa 4,500 

Government Actuary — ^Joseph S. McCoy, New Jersey 1,800 

Superv. Surgeon General — Walter Wyman , Missouri 4 , 000 

Chief Bureau Engraving and Printing — T. J. Sullivan, D. C. 4,500 

Supervising Architect — ^James K. Taylor, Pennsylvania .... 4,500 

Comptroller of Treasury — Robt. J. Tracewell , Indiana .... 5 , 500 



316 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

The Federal Government— ^Oontinued. 

TREASURY DEPARTMENT— Continued. 

Auditor for Treasury — Wm. E. Andrews, Nebraska 4,000 

Auditor for War Department — Benj. F. Harper, Indiana .... 4,000 

Auditor for Interior Dept. — R. -S. Person, South Dakota.. 4,000 

Auditor for Navy Department — ^W. W. Brown, Pennsylvania 4,000 

Auditor for State, etc. — Caleb R. Layton, Delaware 4,000 

Auditor for P. O. Department — Ernst G. Timme, Wisconsin 4 000 

Treasurer for U. S.— Chas. H. Treat, New York 6,000 

Assistant Treasurer — James F. Meline , Ohio 3 , 600 

Register Treasury — Wm. T. Vernon, Kansas 4,000 

Deputy Register — Cyrus F. Adams, Illinois 2,250 

Comptroller of Currency — ^Wm. B. feidgley, Illinois 5,000 

Commissioner Internal Revenue — John W. Yerkes, Ky 6,000 

Dep. Commissioner Internal Revenue — R. Williams, Jr., La. 4,000 

Dep. Commissioner Internal Revenue — ^J. C. Wheeler, Mich. 3,600 

Solicitor for Internal Revenue — Arthur B. Hayes, Utah .... 4,500 

Solicitor of Treasury — M. D. O'Connell , Iowa 4 , 500 

Chief Secret Service — ^Jno. E. Wilkie, Illinois 4,000 

WAR DEPARTMENT. 

Assistant Secretary — Robert Shaw Oliver, New York $ 4,500 

Chief Clerk— John C. Scofield, Georgia 3,000 

Chief of Staff— Brig.-Gen. J. F. Bell 5,500 

Chief Clerk— Nathaniel Hershler, Illinois 2 ,000 

Mil. Secretary — Maj.-Gen. F. C. Ainsworth 7.500 

Chief Clerk— Jacob Freeh, D. C 2 ,000 

Inspector General — Brig.-Gen. E. A. Garlington 5,500 

Chief Clerk— Warren H. Orcutt, Maine 1 , 800 

Judge Advocate General — Brig.-Gen. Geo. B. Davis 5,500 

Chief Clerk— L. W. Call, Kansas 2,000 

Quartermaster General — Brigadier General C. F. Humphrey 5,500 

Chief Clerk — Henry D. Saxton , Mass 2 , 000 

Commissary-General — Brig.-Gen. H. G. Sharpe 5,500 

Chief Clerk — Emmet Hamilton, Minnesota 2,000 

Surgeon-General — Brig.-Gen. R. M. O'Rielly ,. . • . 5,500 

Chief Clerk — George A. Jones, New York 2,000 

Paymaster General — Brig.-Gen. C. C. Sniflfen 5,500 

Chief Clerk— Wm. Manley, California * 2,000 

Chief of Engineers — Brigadier General A. Mackenzie , 5,500 

Chief Clerk — P. J. Dempsey , Virginia 2 , 000 

Chief of Ordnance — Brigadier General William Crozier .... 5,500 

Chief Clerk— John J. Cook, D. C 2,400 

Chief Signal Officer — Brigadier General James Allen 5,500 

Chief Clerk— E. W. Hutchinson, Georgia 2,000 

Chief Bureau Indian Affairs — Brigadier Gen. C. R. Edwards 5,500 

Chief Clerk — A. D. Wilcox, Pennslyvania 2,000 

Officer Charge Public Buildings — Col. C. S. Bromwell 3,500 

Chief Clerk— E. F. Concklin, New York 2,400 

Landscape Gardener — George H. Brown , D. C. 2 , 000 

NAVY DEPARTMENT. 

Assistant Secretary — Trunman H. Newberry, Michigan .... $ 4,500 

Chief Clerk — Benjamin F. Peters, Pennsylvania 3,000 

President General Board — Admiral George Dewey 13,500 

•Chief Yards and Docks — Civil Engineer M. T. Endicott .... 6,500 

Chief Ordnance — Rear Admiral N. E. Mason 5,500 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 317 



The Federal Government — Continued. 

NAVY DEPARTMENT— Continued. 

Chief Supplies and Accounts — Paymaster Gen. E. B. Rogers $ 5,500 

•Chief Medicine— Surgeon General P. M. Rixey 5,600 

Chief Equipment— Rear Admiral W. S. Cowles 5,500 

•Chief Construction — Naval Constructor Washington L. Capps 6,500 

Chief Navigation — Rear Aamiral G. A. Converse 7 , 500 

Engineer-in-Chief— Rear Admiral Charles W. Rae 5,500 

Judge Advocate General — Capt. W. S. Diehl 4,600 

Pres. Naval Exam. Board — Rear Admiral Charles H. Stockton 6,375 

Pres. Naval Retiring Board — Rear Admiral Chas. H. Stockton 6,375 

Chief Intelligence Office— Capt. Raymond P. Rodgcrs 4,165 

Superintendent Naval Observatory — Rear Admiral Asa Walker 4,165 

Director Nautical Almanac— Prof. W. S. Harshman 2,700 

Hydrographer— Commander C. C. Rogers 3 , 570 

Commandant Marine Corps — Brig.-Gen. G. F. Elliott 5 , 500 

•Rank and title of Rear Admiral while holding said office. 

POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT. 

Chief Clerk — M. O. Chance, Illinois $ 2,500 

Assistant Chief Clerk — Geo. G. Thompson, Michigan 2,000 

First Assistant P. M. G. — F. H. Hitchcock, Mass 5,000 

Second Assistant P. M. G. — W. S. Shallenberger , Pa 4,500 

Third Assistant P. M. G.— E. C. Madden, Mich 4,600 

Fourth Assistant P. M. G. — P. V. DeGraw. Pennsylvania... 4,500 

Assistant Attorney General — Russell P. Goodwin 4 , 500 

Purchasing Agent — W. E. Cochran , Colorado 4 , 000 

Appointment Clerk — George S. Paull , Ohio 2 , 000 

Superintendent Div. Foreign Mails — ^N. M. Brooks, Virginia 3,000 

Superintendent Div. Money Order — E. F. Kimball , Mass. . . 3 , 000 

Gen. Supt. Div. Railway Mail Service — ^Jas. E. White, Illinois 3,500 

Superintendent Div. Dead Letters — ^J. R. Young, Pa 2,500 

Chief P. O. Inspector— Wm. J. Vickery, Indiana 8,000 

Disbursing Clerk — W. M. Mooney, Ohio 2,250 

INTERIOR DEPARTMENT. 

First Assistant Secretary — Thomas Ryan, Kansas $ 6,000 

Assistant Secretary — Jesse E. Wilson , Indiana 4 , 500 

Chief Clerk — Edward M. Dawson, Maryland 3 ,000 

Assistant Attorney General — Frank L. Campbell , D. C 6 , 000 

Commissioner Land Office — Wm. A. Richards, Wyoming.. 5,000 

Assistant Commissioner — G. F. Pollock, Ohio 3,500 

Commissioner Pensions — Vespasian Warner, Illinois 5,000 

First Deputy Com. of Pensions — ^Jas L. Davenport, N. H... 3,600 

Second Deputy Com. of Pensions — Leverett M. Kelly, 111... 3,600 

Commissioner Education — E. E. Brown, California 3,500 

Com. Indian Affairs — F. E. Leupp, D. C 4,000 

Assistant Commissioner — Charles F. Larrabee, Maine 3,000 

Commissioner Patents— yFrederick I. Allen, New York 5,000 

Assistant Commisssioner — Edward B. Moore , Michigan 3 , 000 

Director Geological Survey — Chas. D. Walcott, New York.. 6,000 

Chief Clerk Geological Survey — H. C. Riser, Kansas 2,500 

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE. 

Solicitor General — Henry M. Hoyt, Pa $ 7,600 

Assistant Attorney General — M. D. Purdy, Minn 7,000 

Assistant Attorney General — John G. Thompson, Illinois., 5,000 

Assistant Attorney General — ^Josiah A. Van Orsdel, Wyoming 5.000 

Assistant Attorney General — Chas. W. Russell, West Virginia 5,000 

Assistant Attorney General — ^Jas. C. McReynolds, Tennessee 5,000 



318 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

The Federal Government — Continued. 

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE-^ontinued. 

Assistant Attorney General — ^Wm. E. Fuller $ 5 , 000 

Assistant Attorney General — Alford W. Cooley, New York.. 5,000 

Solicitor State Department — ^Jas. B. Scott , California 4 , 500 

Chief Clerk— O. J. Field, Kansas 3,000 

General Agent— Cecil Clay, West Virginia 4 , 000 

Appointment Clerk — Chas. B. Somberger , Vermont 2 , 000 

Attorney for Pardons — Peyton Gordon, Maryland » 2,400 

Disbursing Clerk — ^Alexander C. Caine , Ohio 2 , 750 

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 

Assistant Secretary — Willett H. Hays, Minnesota $ 4,500 

Chief Clerk— S. R. Burch, Kansas 2,500 

Appointment Clerk — ^Joseph B. Bennett , Wisconsin 2 , 000 

Chief Weather Bureau — Willis L. Moore, Illinois 5,000 

Chief Bureau Animal Industry — Dr. A. D. Melvin, Illinois.. 4,500 

Director Experimental Stations — A. C. True, Connecticut .. 3,500 

Chief Division Publications — Geo. Wm. Hill, Minnesota.. 2,500 

Chief Div. Accounts — A. Zappone. D. C 2 ,700 

Chief Bureau Soils — Milton Whitney, Maryland 3,600 

Chief Bureau Forestry — Gifford Pinchot, New York 3,500 

Statistician — Vv . H. Olmstead , North Carolina 3 , 500 

Entomologist — L. O. Howard , New York 2 ,750 

Chemist— H. W. Wiley, Indiana 3,500 

Chief Division Biological Survey — C. H. Merriam, New York 2,750 

Director Road Inquiry — Prof. L. W. Pasre, Massachusetts .. 2,750 

Chief Division Foreign Markets — G. K. Holmes, D. C 2,500 

Chief Bureau Plant Industry — B. T. Galloway, Missouri 4,000 

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND LABOR. 

Chief Clerk — Frank H. Bowen, Massachusetts $ 3,000 

Disbursing Clerk — Wm. L. Soleau , Maryland 2 , 500 

Commissioner Corporations — ^J. R. Garfield , Ohio 5 , 000 

Commissioner of Labor — Chas. P. Neill, D. C 5,000 

Chairman Lighthouse Board — Rear Admiral G. C. Reiter .... 4,125 

Director Census — S. N. D. North, Massachusetts 6,000 

Supt. C. and G. Survey — O. H. Tittman, Missouri 5,000 

Chairman Bureau Statistics — Oscar P. Austin, D. C. 4,000 

Sup. Insp. Gen. Steamboat Service — Geo. Uhler, Pa 3,500 

Commissioner Fisheries — G. M. Bowers, West Virginia.... 5,000 

Commissioner Navigation — E. T. Chamberlain, New York .. 4,000 

Commissioner General immigration — F. P. Sargent, Illinois 5,000 

Director Bureau Standards^ — S. W Stratton, Illinois 5,000 

MISCELLANEOUS 

Civil Service Commissioner — John C. Black, Illinois $ 8,500 

Civil Service Commissioner — Vacant 3,500 

Civil Service Commissioner — Henry F. Greene, Minnesota .. 3,500 

Chief Examiner Civil Service — F. M. Kiggins, Tennessee.. 3,000 

Secretary Civil Service — John T. Doyle, New York 2,250 

Government Printer — Charles A. Stillings 4 , 500 

Librarian of Congress — Herbert Putnam, Massachusetts .... 6,000 

Assistant Librarian — A. R. Spofford, Ohio 4 ,000 

Director Bur. of American Republics — Williams C. Fox, D. C. 5,000 

Chief Clerk Bureau of American Republics — Wm. C. Wells.. 2,500 

Secretary — Francisco J. Yanes 3 ,000 

Secretary Smithsonian Institute — Vacant 3,000 

Chief Bureau American Ethnology — W. H. Holmes 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 319 

The Federal Government — Oontinued. 

INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION. 

Martin A. Knapp, chairman, New York $ 10,000 

Judson C. Clements , Georgia . . . . , 10 , 000 

Francis M. Cockrell, Missouri ....; 10,000 

Charles A. Prouty, Vermont 10,000 

F. K. Lane, California 10,000 

E. E. Clark, Iowa 10,000 

J. S. Harlan, Illinois 10,000 

Edward A. Mosely, Massachusetts, secretary 3,600 

Martin S. Decker, New York, assistant secretary 8,000 

SPANISH-AMERICAN CLAIMS COMMISSION. 

William E. Chandler, New Hampshire $ 5 ,000 

Gerrit J. Diekema , Michigan 5 ,000 

James Perry Wood, Ohio 5,000 

William A. Maury, D. C 5,000 

William L. Chambers , Alabama 5 , 000 

BOARD OF INDIAN COMMISSIONERS. 

Chairman, Darwin R. James, New York; secretary, Merrill E. 
Gates, Washington, D. C; Albert K. Smiley, New York; E. Whittle- 
sey, D. C. ; William D. Walker, New York; Joseph T. Jacobs, Michi- 
fan; F. M. Eagan, D. C. ; Patrick J. Ryan, Pennsylvania; Andrew 
». Draper, Illinois. The board serves without salary. 

COMMISSION TO CODIFY THE PENAL LAWS. 

Chairman — ^John T. Lott, Ohio $ 5,000 

David K Watson, Ohio 5,000 

William D. Bynum , Indiana 5 , 000 

UNITED STATES PENSION AGENTS.* 

Augusta, Me., Seldon Connor. 
Boston, Mass., Augustus J. Hoitt. 
Buffalo, N. Y., Charles A. Orr. 
Chicago, III., Charles Bent. 
• Columbus, Ohio, W. R. Warnock. 
Concord, N. H., C. A. Curtice. 
Des Moines, Iowa, William V. Willcox. 
Detroit, Mich., Oscar A. Janes. 
Indianapolis, Ind., Albert O. Marsh. 
Knoxville, Tenn. , William Rule. 
Louisville, Ky. , Andrew T. Wood. 
Milwaukee, Wis., Edwin D. Coe. 
New York City, N. Y. , Michael Kerwin. 
Philadelphia, Pa., St. Clair A. Mulholland. 
Pittsburgh, Pa., Daniel Ashworth. 
San Francisco, California, Jesse B. Fuller. 
Topeka, Kan., Wilder S. Metcalf. 
Washington, D. C, John R. King. 

•Salaries of pension agents, $4,000. 



320 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



COMMANDERS-IN-CHfEF QF THE UNITED STATES 

ARMY. 



Name 



From 



To 



Name 



From 



To 



*George Washington 
tHenry Knox .... 
josiah Harmer .... 
tArthur Sinclair . . 
t James Wilkinson .. 
tGeorge Washington 
§James Wilkinson .. 
tHenry Dearborn . . 
tjacob Brown . . . . 
tAlexander Macomb 



1775 


1783 


1783 


1784 


1788 


1791 


1791 


1796 


1796 


1798 


1798 


1799 


1800 


1812 


1812 


1815 


1815 1828 


1828 1841 



tWinfield Scott 

tGeo. B. McClellan. 

tHenry W. Hallcck. 

•Ulysses S. Grant . . 

* Wm. T. Sherman . . 

•Philip H. Sheridan 

ttlj. M. Schofield .. 

ttNclson A. Miles .. 

tA. R. Chaffee 

tj. Franklin Bell .. 



1841 
1861 
1862 
1864 
1869 
1883 
1888 
1895 
1904 
1907 



1861 
1862 
1864 
1869 
1883 
1888 
1895 
1903 
1907 



* Rank of general, t Major general. $ Lieutenant general. S Briga- 
dier general. Josiah Harmer was lieutenant colonel and general-in-chief 
by brevet, tf Created a lieutenant general by act of congress previous 
to his retirement, tt Created lieutenant general 1900. 



RELATIVE RANK OF OFFICERS. 

IN THE UNITED STATES ARMY AND NAVY. 

(Section 1466 of the Revised Statutes of the United States.) 
Generals rank with Admirals. 
Lieutenant Generals rank with Vice Admirals 
Major Generals rank with first nine Rear Admirals. 
Brigadier Generals rank |fith Rear Admirals after the first nine 
and Commodores. 

Colonels rank with Captains. 

Lieutenant Colonels rank with Commanders. 

Majors rank with Lieutenant Commanders. 

Captains rank with Lieutenants. 

First Lieutenants rank with Lieutenants Junior Grade. 

Second Lieutenants rank with Ensigns. 

Cadets rank with Midshipmen. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 321 



DIGEST OF GOVERNMENT LAND LAWS. 

1. No lands are subject to private cash 'entry, except in the state 
of Missouri. The timber culture and pre-emption laws have been 
repealed. 

2. Homestead entries can be made for not more than one quarter 
section, or 160 acres of land. 

3. All applicants must stand upon equal footing, with equal rights 
and privileges to enter the public lands. "First come, first served.** 

4. The land office fees and commissions, payable when application 
is made, are as follows: 

On lands outside of the railroad limits (outside the distance of forty 
miles on each side of the center of the track of the N. P. Ry.) $14 
for 160 acres; $13 for 120 acres; $7 for eighty acres; $6 for forty 
acres. 

On lands within the railroad limits, $18 for 160 acres; $16 for 120 
acres; $9 for eighty acres; $7 for forty acres. 

In the Pacific states and Rocky Mountain region the charges are 
a little more, about 50 per cent additional fees and commissions. 

5. The applicant must in every case state in his application his place 
of actual residence, ana the post office address to which notices 
relative to his entry shall be sent, and his full name. 

6. Amendments of fihng and entries are allowed by the general 
land office for real errors, where improvements were made by mis- 
take on the wrong tract, but not for blunders which the claimant 
could have avoided by reasonable care and investigation. 

Application for amendment must be sworn to and corroborated un- 
der seal and in no case need be more than two pages in length; 
must show how the error was made; that applicant has not sold 
or encumbered the tract; and that the amendment is no^ asked for 
the purpose of letting some one else enter the tract vacated. 

7. When a person desires to enter a tract of land, he may ap- 
pear personally at the district land office and present his application 
and make the required affidavit before the register and receiver. He 
must establish his residence in a house to be built on the land within 
six months from the date of entry, and must, in order to maintain 
his entry, reside on and cultivate the tract for five years, unless he- 
desires to commute and pay for the land in cash or equivalent, which 
can be done after fourteen months of actual and continuous resi* 
dence on and cultivation of the tract. 

8. The homestead affidavit can be made before the judge or clerk 
of a court of record or before a commissioner of the United States 
dis^ict court, within the county in which the land lies (or if outside 
of the county affidavit must be made that it was taken before the 
nearest and most accessible officer qualified to take said affidavits), 
and save the journey to the land office. 

9. Entries under the homestead law can be completed after five 
years actual residence; but the applicant is required to file with the 
register his notice of intention to make proof, and it is the duty of 
the register to have said notice published, when the applicant will ap- 
pear with two witnesses named in the notice and make proof on day 
named, and before officer mentioned. Proofs can be made before tf. 
S. commissioners, but time may be saved by making proof at the local 
land office. 

10. In case of death of entryman, his widow has the right, at 
the proper time, to make proof of his residence, and her residence 
or cultivation of the tract tor the required time, and in case of the 
death of the widow, then the heirs or devisees. 

A homestead right cannot be devised away from the widow or 
minor children. 

11. Under an act of congress approved March 2, 1889, a party 
who entered lands, prior to said act, has the right, where his said 
entry was canceled for any cause, to enter again, and where his 
entry is of record, he having failed to comply with the laws as to 



Blue Book— 21 



322 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

residence, has the right to relinquish his claim to the United States, 
and enter the same or other tract, provided no other right has at- 
tached; the act further provides that, when an entry has been made, 
and the applicant is residing on the land entered, which was for less 
than 160 acres, he has the right to enter, if adjoining, enough land 
to make 160 acres; and if none is adjoining he has the right to 
make entry elsewhere, after having proved up his first entry, the 
two entries not to contain over 160 acres. 

In the act of congress approved June 5, 1900, section 2 provides 
that any person who has theretofore made a homestead entry and 
commuted same under section 2301, revised statutes, and the amend- 
ments thereto, shall be entitled to the benefits of the homestead 
laws as though such former entry had not been made, but commutation 
under section 2301, revised statutes, shall not be allowed of an 
entry made under this section. 

Section 3 provides that any person who, prior to the passage 
of this act, has made a homestead entry, but from any cause has 
lost or forfeited the same, shall be entitled to the benefits of the 
homestead laws as though such former entry had not been made. 

The act of April 28, 1904, allows any person who has theretofore made 
and lost prior to said date a homestead entry and was unable to* perfect 
the same on account of some unavoidable complication of his personal or 
business affairs, or on account of an honest mistake as to character of 
the land, to make a second entry, provided it is shown to the satisfac- 
tion of the c9mmissioner of the general land office that he made a 
bona fide effort to comply with the homestead law, and that he did 
not relinquish his entry or abandon his claim for a consideration. 

A person applying to make entry under this section should be re- 
quired to file a formal application for a specific tract of land, on 
the regular homestead blanks, modified to show that the entry ^ is 
made under the act of April 28, 1904, and to furnish a description 
of his former entry by section, township and range, or the num- 
ber of the entry, and the land office where made. 

He should also be required to furnish an affidavit, duly corroborated 
by one or more disinterested witnesses, setting forth in full the 
complications of his personal or business affairs that prevented his 
perfecting title to the land covered by his first entry, or where 
the failure to perfect title was caused by a mistake as to character 
of the land entered, the manner in which such mistake occurred, and 
the specific reasons that render the land worthless for agfricultural 
purposes should be fully set forth. The affidavit should also show 
whether the applicant ever resided upon, improved or cultivated the 
land embraced in his former entry, and if so, to what extent, and 
that he did not abandon his claim thereto or relinquish his entry 
for a valuable consideration. 

The second section of the act of April 28, 1904, is substantially 
a re-enactment of section 5 of the act of March 2, 1889 (25 Stat. 
L. , 854), only modified so as to apply to entries for less than 160 
acres each made after the date of the act (April 28, 1904), as well 
as those made before, and provides for an additional entry of land 
which shall be contiguous to the land embraced in the original en- 
try, for which the final proof of residence and cultivation made on 
the original entry shall be sufficient, but of which no party shall 
have the benefit who does not, at the date of hi^ application there' 
for , own aild occupy the land covered by his original entry , and which 
shall not be permitted, or if permitted shall be canceled, if the 
original entry should fail for any reason prior to patent, or should 
appear to be illegal or fraudulent. Applicants for additional entries 
under this section will be required to produce evidence that they own 
and occupy the land embraced in the original entries, to be properly 
described by legal subdivisions and by reference to the number and 
date of the original entry, and the evidence to consist of their own 
affidavits, corroborated by the affidavits of disinterested witnesses 
executed before any officer authorized . to administer oaths in such 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 323 

c^ses in the county, parish or land district in which the land ap- 
plied for is situated, under section 2294, United States revised 
statutes, as amended by act of March 4, 1904 (Public — No. 37). In 
addition to this the proper homestead application and affidavit must 
be filed, which may be on the forms prescribed under the act of 
March 3, 1879 (4-018 and 4-086), properly modified so as to show 
the section and act under which application is made, and the affi- 
davit modified by striking out the portion that refers to military 
services, which is not required under this act. Commutation, under 
the provision of section 2301, revised statutes, of an entry made 
under this act, is prohibited. 

12. Under act of congress approved August 30, 1890, one person 
can enter only 320 acres of land. Affidavit to this effect must ac- 
company all applications to enter. (Form 4-102B.) This act is held 
to be prospective and not retroactive. That is, no matter how much 
land a party entered prior to the date of the above act, he may 
thereafter, if in other respects qualified, enter 320 acres, but not 
more. This law does not apply to mineral or coal lands, but to lands 
which are classed as agricultural lands. The government does not 
guarantee that its "agricultural" lands will prody^^e crops. Hence 
the intending settler should carefully examine in person or by agent 

, the land he or she intends to enter. 

13. A party desiring to relinquish his land to the United States 
for the purpose of re-entering, or for the purpose of letting others 
enter, must make the following relinquishment on the back of his 
duplicate receipt, acknowledged before some officer with a seal: "I 
hereby relinquish all my right, title, interest and claim in and to 
the within described land to the United States." Relinquishment 
made at the land office can be made without any cost. In the event 
of the loss of the duplicate receipt, an affidavit accounting focr the 
loss, made under seal, and relinquishment thereon, will be sufficient. 

^ 14. A single woman does not forfeit her homestead' entry by mar- 
riage if thereafter she continues to comply with the law as to resi- 
dence, improvements and cultivation. 

The act of congress approved June 6, 1900, provides that, "Where 
an unmarried woman who has heretofore settled, or may hereafter 
settle, upon a tract of public land, improved, established and main- 
tained a bona fide residence thereon, with the intention of appro- 
priating the same for a home, subject to the homestead law, and 
has married, or shall thereafter marry, before making entry of said 
land, or before making application to enter said land, she shall not 
on account of her marriage forfeit her right to make entry and receive 
patent for land; provided, that she does not abandon her residence 
on said land, and is otherwise qualified to make homestead entry; 
provided further, that the man whom she marries is not, at the 
time of their marriage, claiming a separate tract of land under the 
homestead law. 

Where a married woman applies to make a homestead entry under 
this act, she must show by affidavit that prior to 'K6r marriage she 
settled upon the land applied for, improved, established and main- 
tained a bona fide residence thereon, with the intention of appro- 
priating the same for a home; that the man she married was not, 
at the time of their marriage, claiming a separate tract of land under 
the homestead law. She should also give the date of her settlement 
and date of her marriage, and furnish the regular homestead affidavit 
showing that she is otherwise qualified to make homestead entry. 

15. The first actual settler who makes entry within three months 
after actual settlement is entitled to land, while the first man who 
makes entry may have been last to make settlement, and hence have 
the least claim to the land. 

16. A settlement does not mean actual residence, but preparation 
for it, to be followed up in good faith. The claimant ^Ijould, in per- 
son, not by agent, start the erection of a new house, or begin 



324 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

some other improvements on the land he claims. A homestead entry 
does not require prior settlement, but it is safest to make a set- 
tlement at the earliest date. Unless residence on the land is es- 
tablished within six months from date of entry, the entry is liable 
to' content for abandonment. 

17. Final proof in homestead entries can be made after five years 
from date of entry or of actual residence on the land, and must be 
made .before the expiration of seven years from date of entry. 

Section 2304 of the revised statutes allows every private soldier, 
officer, and every seaman, marine and officer, who served in the 
army, navy or marine corps of the United States during the re- 
bellion for ninety days, was honorably discharged and who has re- 
mained loyal to the government, the right to enter upon and receive 
patent to not more than 160 iacres of public land subject to entry 
under the provisions of the homestead laws, and the same section 
was by act of congress of March 1, 1901, made applicable to every 
private soldier and officer in the army, and every seaman, marine 
or officer of the marine corps, who served in the Spanish war or who 
served in said forces during the Philippine insurrection, and such 
claimants will^ be allowed six months after locating the homestead 
and filing their declaratory statements, within which to make entry 
and commence settlement and improvement. Four years of such serv- 
ice, however, can only be credited. A party applying to make entry 
under these provisions of law must file with the register and receiver 
of the respective land office, a certified copy of his certificate of 
discharge, or an affidavit of two respectable and disinterested wit- 
nesses corroborative to allegations of enlistment and service. The 
declaratory statement may be filed by the soldier or sailor in person 
or through an agent. If in person it must be accompanied by the 
applicant's statement under oath showing his residence and post office 
address; it must further set fonh the fact that it is made for his 
exclusive use and benefit for the purpose of actual settlement and cul- 
tivation and not directly or indirectly for the use or benefit of any 
other person. That he has not made a prior homestead entry or filed 
a declaratory statement under the homestead laws. That he is not the 
owner of more than one hundred and sixty acres of land in any state 
or territory of the union, whether it be by quest, devise, purchase 
in fee simple or under contract upon which payments may not have 
been completed. That since August 30, 1890, he has not entered 
under the land laws of the United States, or filed upon a quantity 
of land, agricultural in character, which 'With the tracts not ap- 
plied for would make more than 320 acres. The fee for filing the 
declaratory statement is $2 in all public land states east of the 
Rocky mountains, and ^$3 in all of the Pacific states and territories. 
The declaratory statement may be filed by an agent and in that 
case in addition to the soldier's or sailor's statement under oath, 
supra, must be accompanied by a declaration of the name and 
authority of the agent, the date of the power of attorney or other 
instrument creating the agency. The agent's name must be inserted 
before execution of the instrument, and this fact must be distinctly 
and specifically averred. It must further be shown that the agent 
has no right or interest, direct or indirect, in such declaration or 
filing. In regards to the agent, he must make oath that he has no 
right . or interest, present or prospective, direct or indirect, that 
the declaratory statement is filed by him for the sole benefit of the 
soldier or sailor, and that no arrangement has been made whereby 
said agent has been empowered at any future time to sell or relin- 
quish such filing or claim, either as a^ent or by filing an original 
relinquishment of the claimant. A soldier or sailor will be held to 
have exhausted his homestead right by the filing of his declaratory 
statement, its only privilege in addition to other privileges being the 
right and power to hold the claim for six months after selection 
and before entry. It is not a license to abandon such selection with 
the right thereafter to make a regular homestead entry independently 
of such filing. 



STATE OF NQRTH DAKOTA 325 

Under section 2309 of the revised statutes, a soldier or sailor must 
in person make his actual entry within six months and must there- 
after fulfill all the requirements of law, and this must be done on "the 
same land selected and located by the filing. In case of the death 
of the person entitled to make a filing or entry under preceding sec- 
tions, his rights descend upon the widow, under section 2307 of the 
revised statutes, or in case of her death or remarriage, upon the 
minor children of the soldier or sailor, who will be permitted to 
make entry through a guardian,, regularly appointed by the judge of 
court haying jurisdiction over such matters. In either of these 
cases (widows or minor children), the law as to residence, culti- 
vation and improvement must be fulfilled in like manner as it would 
have been required of the soldier or sailor if iiving and the filing or 
entry made by him under section 2304, supra, except -that in either 
of these instances credit will be given on the five year period of com- 
pliance with the requirements of the homestead laws, for the entire 
term of enlistment. (See departmental decision in the case of Anna 
Bowes, 32 L. D. 331.) In case of the widow of a deceased soldier 
or sailor making the filing or entry, she, in addition to the pre- 
scribed evidence of her husband's military service, must furnish an 
affidavit of widowhood, aver the date of husband's death and furnish 
proof thereof. In the case of minor orphan children in addition 
to the prescribed evidence of the father's military service, proof of his 
death, proof of the remarriage or death of the mother must be fur- 
nished. 

18. The receiver's duplicate homestead receipt, which the entry- 
man received on making entry ,• should be surrendered on making com- 
muted ^ or final homestead proof. 

Parties are often put to a £reat loss and inconvenience by the loss 
of receiver's receipts, wl^ich should alwa3rs be carefully preserved. 

19. The application to make proof (blank No. 4-348, homestead), 
should be signed by the claimant himself. His four witnesses should, 
if possible, be near neighbors, fully conversant with the facts es- 
sential to perfect proof, and none of them should be a relative of 
the claimant. 

20. It is the duty of applicant who makes proof before county 
officers to see that each question is filled out with complete answers; 
must show that he is a native bom citizen of the United States, if 
such is the case; and if not, then certified copy of naturalization papers 
will be^ sufficient; if the entry is by a woman she must state speci- 
fically in the proof whether or not she is married or single; appli- 
cants should in every case see that the names of witnesses used in 
making proof are properly advertised, and that they sign their names 
as advertised, and in giving the names to be published they should 
ascertain and give their full christian names, and, if possible, the 
four living nearest the land for which proof is to be made. Much 
trouble and delay has been occasioned by doubtful or different spell- 
ing of names. Some persons have actually spelled their names 
three diflFerent ways in making one ^ proof. This makes necessary 
correspondence and explanatory affidavits, causes delays in receipt of 
patents and places suspicion on proof. 

21. The proof should, if possible, be taken on tne day advertised, 
before the officer advertised, with the evidence of at least two of 
the witnesses advertised; these together with the duplicate receipt 
and the required fees and commissions should be sealed up and 
transmitted to the receiver, on the same day proof is taken. 

22. The land office commissions, payable at the time of making 
final homestead proof, are as follows. 

On land outside certain railroad limits: 

For 160 acres $4 

For 120 acres 8 

For 80 acres 2 

For 40 acres 1 



326 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



On land within the railroad limits: 

For 160 acres $8 

For 120 acres 

For 80 acres 4 

For 40 acres '. 2 

The fees for reducing testimony to writing in making final proof 
are fifteen cents for each 100 words, which in each case amounts to 
$1, sometimes to $1.50, which must be transmitted with the final 
proof commissions. In the Pacific states and Rocky Mountain regions 
the charges are one-half higher. 

23. All applicants for land should see that their applications are 
made out for the exact numbers of land desired to be entered, which 
must lie and form a compact body. If for an adjoining farm, the land 
owned and resided on must form a compact body with the public 
land; and the two together must not exceed 160 acres. 

24. A married woman has no right to make a homestead entry ex- 
cept under the conditions prescribed in act of June 6, 1900, above 
mentioned. 

25. A single woman over the age of twenty-one years has the right 
to make a homestead entry. 

26. A man has to be twenty-one years of age to make an entry, 
unless he is married or the head of a family, must be a citizen 
of the United States, native bom or naturalized, or have declared 
his intention to bjscome a citizen. 

27. If a married woman who has been deserted by her husband 
desires to prove up, she should address the local officers of the land 
office, stating the nature of her case, and ascertain if she has 
the right to make proof. 

28. In case of death of both father and mother, the guardian 
of the minor children after obtaining the required order of the pro- 
bate court within two years of the death of the surviving parent, may 
sell the land for the exclusive benefit of such minor children, 'and 
patent will issue to the purchaser on payment of the office fees. 

29. The widow or children of a homesteader are not required to 
reside on their homestead after his death, but must continue culti- 
vation by agent or otherwise. The widow can enter a homestead in 
her own right while cultivating that of her deceased husband, in 
which event she must actually reside on the land entered in her own 
name. 

30. In contests initiated by affidavit, the affidavit should be cor- 
roborated by preferably two witnesses. When service is had by pub- 
lication, the posting of a copy of notice on the land, and mailing (by 
registered letter), a copy to contestee, to his last known and recorded 
address, are absolutely essential, as is also proof of both, and this 
is the duty of the parties or their attorneys, not of the land officers. 

All affidavits filed as a basis for an order for the publication of 
notices in contest cases , except such as allege specifically that the 
entryman is a resident of a given place outside of the state, must 
contain the averment that the affiant has, within fifteen days last 
preceding the filing of the said affidavit, endeavored to ascertain the 
whereabouts of the defendant by diligently making the search and 
inquiries indicated on the blank form of affidavit (form 4-628) , pre- 
scribed for that purpose. After the word "has" in the second line 
of the body of the affidavit, the words "with a view to obtaining 
personal service of notice" must be interlined in all affidavits not 
containing same. And the words "within the last fifteen days" must 
be inserted after the word "defendant" in the third line of the affi- 
davit, so that the same will read when corrected: 

being first duly sworn , deposes and says that he is 

in the above entitled contest; that he has, with a view to obtaining 
personal service of the notice, made diligent search and inquiry for 
the defendant within the last fifteen days (from date of affidavit) as 



t 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 327 



follows (stating the exact dale, places and persons of whom in- 
quiry was made). All aftiuavits not complying with the above will 
be rejected without consideration of any rights lost thereby. 

31. Where a party desires to file a protest against an entry on 
the day of proof, it is the duty of the officer taking the proof to 
take down the protestant's testimony and that of his witnesses, and 
transmit the same with the proof to the local office. The party pro- 
testing must pay the cost of reducing the evidence of himself and 
witnesses to writing. 

32. The government does not issue a general map, showing what 
are public untaken lands. Land offices are authorized by law to 
furnish plats or diagrams showing what lands are vacant and what 
lands are taken. Parties writing for numbers, dates, descriptions, 
etc., of several tracts can get this information by ordering plats 
from local officers. 

The charges to be made by the local officers for the plat or diagram 
of a particular township are fixed as follows: 
For plat showing what land is public and what entered .... $1.00 

For plat stowing entries and names of claimants 2.00 

For plat showing entries and names, numbers and charac- 
ters of land 3.00 

For plats showing entries and names, numbers and character 

and date of entry, together with topography 4.00 

For plat or diagram of a part of a township or section, a 
proportionate amount is charged. 

33. Any person desiring information about public land should al- 
ways give the section, township and range for which information 
is asked, together with the numbers of land, and such information 
will always be furnished free of charge by the local officers. 

34. When patents are received at the office, the register and re- 
ceiver at once prepare notices and send to the entrymen, when they 
can return their duplicate final receipts given them at the date proof 
was made and patents will be sent free of charge. 

35. Papers once filed cannot be returned unless to correct a 
clerical error. 

36. It is the duty of the applicant when he makes application to 
ascertain from county or other records the exact area in the tract, 
and if over 160 acres, he must, in addition to the $14 entrance fee, 
pay for the excess over 160 acres at the rate of $1.25 or $2.50 per 
acre, as the case may be, many parties having lost their lands by 
such failure. 

37. Where entry is made for land that has been covered by a 
prior entry, the residence will date from the tiine when the last en- 
try is placed on record, or from date of cancellation of the first 
entry, or from date of settlement, if settlement was after the date 
of cancellation. 

38. No person who is the proprietor of more than 160 acres of 
land in any state or territory shall acquire any right under the home- 
stead law, and the disqualification to make homestead entry im- 
posed by section 2289 U. S. R. S. upon a female owning more than 
160 acres of land extends to one who holds land under a contract of 
purchase, though the payments thereunder have not been completed. 

39. A homesteader forfeits his entry if he transfers any portion 
thereof before final receipt issues, except it be for school, church 
or cemetery purposes, or for the right of way of railroads, canals, 
or ditches for irrigating purposes. • 

40. Military bounty land warrants and other cheap scrip can be 
used at a discount in place of cash in commuted homestead entries, 
where the entryman, having resided on and cultivated the tract em- 
braced by his homestead entry for fourteen months, advertises and 
makes the required proof. 

41. The secretary of the interior is authorized, upon proof being 
made to his satisfaction that any tract of land has been erroneously 
sold by the United States, so that from any cause the sale cannot 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



be CO 


nfimed. 








s, Ibe mm of money «rbJcb was paid Iherefor, out of 






tbe Ireasuif not otherwise appropriated. 


12. 


In cas 


of application for repayment where patent has not 


iBued 


, the 






aUa ma 


e affidavit thai be has not transferred or otherwise en- 


comb 


red the 


title of the land, and Ibat said title has not bcFome 




ter of 


ecord. This affidavit may be made before either (be 


regis' 




ceiyer of Ibe district land office, or before a notary 


public 


"c.r"aj 





peace, a certificate of official character is required. 

13. Parties who have made entries of less thin IflO acres of !and 
are, under some circumstances, allowed to enter enough more land 
to make up ItiO acres; in some cases they are permitted to relinquish 
their entries and make new entries. A full statement of tbe facta 
in each case should be submitted to the local officers for ibeii judg- 
ment and advice. 

44. Isolated tracts of land are those pieces that have become sepa- 
rated and disconnected in tracts of less than 180 aires by virtue of 
surrounding lands being Entered under tbe homestead and other public 
land laws. Any person can cause them to he sold by depositing ift 



The following plat shows 



I sections — IB 



DECLARATION 




ears before his 
Snce and"fide 





STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 329 

also that be is not opposed to any organized government, and not 
a member or affiliated with any organization teaching opposition to 
any organized government, and tbat be never has and does not teach 
the duty or necessity of unlawfully assaulting or killing any specific 
individuals or officers of any government on account ox their official 
characters 

OATH 'on application FOR ADMISSION.— At the time of 
his application for admission be must also declare, on t>ath, before 
some one of the courts above specified "that he will support the 
constitution of the United States, and tbat he absoluely and entirely 
renounces and abjures all allegiance and fidelity to every foreign 
prince, potentate, state or sovereignty, and particularly by name to 
the prince, potentate, state or sovereignty of which he was before 
a citizen or subject." 

CONDITIONS OF CITIZENSHIP.— It must appear to the satis- 
faction of the court to which the alien has applied for final admis- 
sion that he has resided continuously within the United States for 
at least five years, and in the state or territory where the court is 
held at least one year, and that during that time "he has behaved 
as a man of good moral character, is attached to the principles of 
the constitution of the United States, and well disposed to the good 
order and happiness of the same." 

TITLES OF NOBILITY.— If the applicant bears any hereditary 
titles or belong to any order of nobility, he must m^ke an express 
renunciation at the time of his application. 

SEAMEN. — Seamen who have declared their intention to become 
citizens, and who, subsequently to such declaration, have served 
three years on board a merchant vessel of the United States, may 
be admitted to citizenship. 

NAVY OR MARINE CORPS.— Any alien, twenty-one years of 
age or over, who has served five years or over in the United States 
Navy or United States Marine Corps and has been honorably dis- 
charged, may, upon application to a court as specified above, proof 
of good moral character, five years' service and honorable discharge, 
be admitted a citizen of the United States. 

WIFE. — A wife becomes a citizen by her husband's naturalization, 
if she might herself be lawfully naturalized. 

^ MINORS. — Anjr alien un4er the age of twenty-one, who has re- 
sided in the United States three years next preceding his twenty- 
first birthday, and has continued to reside therein up to the time 
he makes application to be admitted a citizen, may, after he arrives 
at the age of twenty-one, and after he has resided five years within 
the United States, including the three years of his minority, be ad- 
mitted a citizen; but he must take a declaration on oath and prove to 
the satisfaction of the court that for two years next preceding, it 
has been his bona fide intention to become a citizen. 

CHILDREN OF NATURALIZED CITIZENS.— The children of 
persons who have been duly naturalized, being under twenty-one 
at thfe time of the naturalization of their parents, shall, if dwelling 
in the United States, be considered as citizens. 

CITIZENS' CHILDREN BORN ABROAD.— The children of per- 
sons who are now or have been citizens of the United States are 
considered as citizens, though they may be born out of the limits 
and jurisdiction of the United States. 

CHINESE. — ^The naturalization of Chinese is prohibited by section 
14, chapter 126, laws of 1882. 

PROTECTION OF NATURALIZED CITIZENS.— Section 2,000 
of the Revised Statutes of the United States expressly declares that 
"all naturalized citizens of the United States while in foreign coun- 
tries are entitled to and shall receive from this government the same 
protection of person and property which is accorded to native-born 
citizens." 



330 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



THE RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE.— The right to^vote is conferred 
by the state, naturalization by the United States. In several states 
aliens, who have declared their intentions, enjoy the right to vote 
equally with naturalized or native-born citizens. But the federal 
naturalization laws apply to the whole union alike, and no alien 
may be naturalized until after five years' residence, except an honor- 
ably discharged soldier or a person whose parents have been natural- 
ized while he was under twenty-one years of age, as above recited. 
Even after five years' residence and due naturalization he is not 
entitled to vote unless the laws of the state confer the privilege upon 
him. 

In North Dakota to be an elector one must be a citizen of the 
United States or "has declared his intention to become such one 
year and not more than six years prior to election day." 



MISCELLANEOUS TABLE OF THINGS, DISTANCES, 

BOOKS, ETC. 

A book composed of sheets folded into 2 leaves is a folio. 
A book composed of sheets folded into 4 leaves is a quarto. 
A book composed of sheets folded into 8 leaves is an^ octavo (8vo.) 
A book composed of sheets folded into 12 leaves is a duodecimo 
(12mo). 
A book composed of sheets folded into 16 leaves is a 16mo. 
12 units make a dozen. 
12 dozen make a gross. 
12 gross (144 dozen) make 1 great gross. 
20 units make 1 score. 
56 pounds of butter make 1 firkin. 
100 pounds of fish make 1 quintal. 
196 pounds of flour make 1 barrel. 
200 pounds of beef, pork, shad or salmon make 1 barrel. 

24 sheets of paper make 1 quire. 

20 quires make 1 ream. 

2 reams make 1 bundle. 
5 bundles make 1 bale. 

3 barleycorns make one inch. 
18 inches make 1 cubit. 

22 inches make 1 sacred cubit. 
9 gallons make one English firkin. 
2 firkins make 1 kilderkin. 
2 kilderkins make 1 barrel. 

25 pounds make 1 keg (powder). 

100 pounds make 1 cental (grain measure). 
100 pounds make 1 cask (raisin measure). 
256 pounds make 1 barrel of soap. 
280 pounds make 1 barrel of salt. 
31^ gallons make 1 barrel (wine measure). 
42 gallons make 1 tierce (wine measure). 
63 gallons make 1 hogshead (wine measure). 
84 gallons make 1 puncheon (wine measure). 
126 gallons make 1 pipe (wine measure). 
252 gallons make 1 tun (wine measure). 

8 bushels of wheat (of 70 pounds each) make 1 quarter (European 
measure). 

8 bushels of salt make 1 hogshead. 
36 bushels of coal make 1 chaldron (English). 
32 bushels make 1 chaldron (American). 
14 pounds make 1 stone. • 

21 ^^ stones make 1 pig (iron). 
8 pigs make 1 fother. 

24% cubic feet (masonry) make 1 perch. 
100 square feet (carpentry) make 1 square. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA aSl 



1,760 yards (5,280 feet) make 1 statute mile. 
2,0-28.63 yards (6,085.9 feet) make 1 nautical mile. 

3 miles make 1 league. 

69^4 statute miles make 1 degree (of latitude). 

60 geographical miles make 1 degree (of latitude). 

360 degrees make 1 circle. 

60 pairs of shoes make 1 case. 

9 inches make 1 quarter (of a yard). 

% inch makes 1 ell (Flemish). 

5 quarters make 1 ell (English). 

6 quarters make 1 ell (French). 

4 inches make 1 hand (measuring horses). 

6 teet make 1 fathom (depth of water). 
120 fathoms make 1 cable-length. 

7 1-3 cable-lengths make 1 mile. 
640 acres make 1 square mile. 

36 square miles make 1 township. 

4 farthings make 1 penny (marked d). 

12 pence make 1 shilling (marked s). 

20 shillings make 1 pound (marked £). 

21 shillings make 1 quinea. 
6 shillings make 1 crown. 



USEFUL INFORMATION ABOUT STEAM. 

A cubic inch of water evaporated under atmospheric pressure is 
approximately converted into one cubic foot of steam. 

The horse power of boilers, as per standard adopted by the Am. 
S. M. E. , is 30 pounds water evaporated per hour at a pressure of 
70 pounds per square inch and from a temperature of 100 deg. Fahr. 

Well designed boilers, under successful operation, will evaporate 
from 7 to 10 pounds of water per pound of first class coal. 

Each square foot of heating surface is considered sufficient to 
evaporate two pounds of water; therefore, for an engine using 30 
pounds water per horse power per hour, each horse power of the 
engine requires 15 square feet heating surface in the boiler. 

(Dn one square foot of fire grate can be burned on an average frona 
10 to 12 pounds hhrd coal, or 18 to 20 pounds soft coal, per hour, 
with natural draft. 

Two and one-quarter pounds of dry wood is equal to one pound 
of average quality of soft coal. 

Steam engines consume from 12 to 50 pounds^ of feed water, and 
from 1^ to 7 pounds of coal, per hour per indicated horse power. 

Condensing engines require from 20 to 30 times the amount of 
feed water for condensing purposes; approximately for most engines, 
1 to 1^ gallons condensing water per minute per indicated horse power- 
Surface condensers for compound steam engines require two square 
feet of cooling surface per horse power; ordinary engines will require 
more surface according to their economy in the use of steam. It is 
absolutely necessary that the air-pump should be set lower than the 
condenser for satisfactory results. 

The effect of a good air-pump and condenser should be to get 25 
inches of vacuum and to make available about 10 pounds more mean 
effective pressure with the same terminal pressure, or to give the same 
mean effective pressure with a correspondingly less terminal pressure. 
Approximately, a good condenser will save one-fourth of the fuel 
consumed, or, in other words, increase the power of the engine one- 
fourth, the fuel consumtion remaining the same. 



- 



332 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



USEFUL INFORMATION ABOUT WATER, ETC. 

1 cubic inch weighs .0361 pounds. « 

1 pound contains 27.7 cubic inches. 

1 cubic foot weighs 62.4245 pounds at 39 deg. F.; 7.48 gallons U. 
S.; 6.2321 gallons Imperial. 

1 gallon U. S. weighs 8.33111 pounds; 231 cubic inches; .113368 
cubic feet. 

1 Imperial gallon weighs 10 pounds at 62 deg. F.; 277.274 cubic 
inches; .16046 cubic feet. 

1 pound pressure equals 2.31 feet in height. 

1 foot in height equals .433 pounds pressure. 

Petroleum weighs 6% pounds per U. S. gallon, 42 gallons to the 
barrel. 

To convert Imperial gallons into U. S. gallons, multiply by the factor 
1.2. To convert U. S. Gallons into Imperial gallons mutipy by the 
factor .8333. 

A miner's inch is a measure for flow of water, and is the quan* 
tity of water that will flow in one minute through an opening one 
inch square in a plank 2 inches thick under a head of 6^ inches 
to the center of the orifice. This is equivalent, approximately, to 
1.53 cubic feet, or 11^ gallons per minute. 

To find the diameter of pump plungers to pump a g^ven quantity 
of water at 100 feet piston speed per minute, divide the number of 
gallons by 4, then extract the square root, and the result will be 
the diameter in inches of the plungers. 

To find the number of gallons delivered per minute by a single 
double-acting ptmip at 100 feet piston speed per minute, square the 
diameters of the plungers, then multiply by 4. 

The mean pressure of the atmosphere is usually estimated at 14.7 
pounds per square inch, so that with a perfect vacuum it will sustain 
a column of mercury 29.9 inches, or a column of water 33.9 feet high 
at sea level. 

To determine the proportion between the steam and the pump 
cylinder, multiply the given area of the pump cylinder by the resistance 
on the pump in pounds per square inch, and divide the product by 
the available pressure of steam in pounds per square inch. The pro- 
duct equals the area of the steam cylinder. To this must be added an 
extra area to overcome the friction, which is usually taken at 25 
per cent. 

The resistance of friction in the flow of water through pipes of 
uniform diameter is independent of the pressure and increases directly 
as the length and the square of the velocity of the flow, and inversely 
as the diameter of the pipe. With wooden pipes the friction is 1.75 
times greater than in metallic. Doubling the diameter increases the 
capacity four times. 

To determine the velocity in feet per minute necessary to discharge 
a given volume of water in a given time, multiply the number of 
cubic feet of water by 144 and divide the product by the area of the 
pipe in inches. 

To determine the area of a required pipe, the volume and velocity, 
of water being given, multiply the number of cubic feet of water by 
144 and divide the product by the velocity in feet per minute. 

To find the number of gallons in a tank, multiply the inside bot- 
tom diameter in inches by the inside top diameter in inches, then this 
product by 34, point off four figures, and the result wil be the 
average number of gallons to one inch in^ depth of tank. 

For the circumference of a circle, multiply the diameter by 3.1416. 

For the diameter of a circle, multiply the circumference by .31381. 

For the area of a circle, multiply the square of the diameter by 
.7854. 

For the size of an equal square, multiply the diameter hy .8862. 

For the surface of a ball, multiply the square of the diameter by 
8.1416. 

For the cubic inches in a ball, multiply the cube of the diameter 
by .5236. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



333 



ALTITUDES IN NORTH DAKOTA. 

Feet 

Bathgate 821 

Belfield 2,677 

Bismarck ; 1,677 

Bismarck (Missoiiri river, low water) 1 ,616 

Bottineau 1,644 

Burlington 1 , 585 

Butte St. Paul, Turtle Mountains (about) 2,300 

Cando 1,490 

Carrington 1 ,584 

Casselton 930 

Churchs Ferry 1 , 461 

Cooperstown 1 ,428 

Coteau de Missouri 2 , 400 

Gladstone 2,346 

GlenuUin 2,070 

Devils Lake 1,467 

Dickinson ; 2,403 

DriscoU 1,835 

Fargo 903 

Fessenden 1 , 607 

Ft. Berthold 1,778 

Grafton 824 

Grand Forks 826 

Grand Harbor 1,460 

Harvey 1 ,596 

Hillsboro 901 

Jamestown 1 , 408 

Kenmare 1 ,792 

Lakota 1 ,514 

LaMoure 1 , 403 

Langdon 1 , 610 

Larimore 1 , 134 

Leeds 1 ,519 

Lisbon 1 , 091 

Little Missouri 2 , 265 

Mandan 1 , 644 

Milton 1 ,686 

Minnewaukan 1 , 461 

Minot 1,558 

Park River 998 

Pembina 753 

Portal 1,952 

Richardton 2 ,464 

Rugby 1,567 

Sentinel Butte 2,707 

Sheyenne river bed , N. P. crossing 1 , 409 

Sims 1 ,960 

Steele 1,867 

St Johns 1,950 

Summit (Bililngs county) r 2,830 

Valley City 1,227 

Velva 1,616 

Wahpeton 965 

Williston 1,950 

Waiow Citv 1,478 

Winnipeg (Manitoba) 760 

Many of these elevations were taken at railroad levels at the re- 
spective placet. 



334 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



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STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



337 



POPULATION OF NORTH DAKOTA 

State Census of 1905. 

BARNES COUNTY. 



Alta township 

Anderson township 

Baldwin township 

Binghampton township 

Clark City township 

Cuba township 

Dazey village f 

Dazey township 

Edna township 

Greenland township 

Green township , 

Grand Prairie township 

Herman township 

Hobart township 

Lake township 

Litchville village 

Mansfield township 

Minnie Lake township 

Noltimier township 

Norma township 

Oakhill township 

Oriska township 

Pierce township 

Potter township ^ 

Rosebud township 

Rogers township 

Rariton township 

Sanborn village • 

Svea township 

Skandia township 

Spring Creek township 

Springvale Township 

Thordenskjold township 

Uxbridge township 

Wimbledon village 

Valley City : 

Weimer township ^ .•••.•• 

Unorganized territory in Second Commissioner District 
comprising township 138, range 58, and township 139, 

range 59 

\ Unorganized territory in Third Commissioner District, 
comprising township 143, range 66; township 141, 
range 58; township 142, range 58; township 143 range 
58; township 141 , range 59 

Unorganized territory in Fourth Commissioner Distritf, 
comprising twnship 140 , range 58 

Unorganized territory in Fifth Commissioner District, 
comprising township 140, range 61 and township 141, 
range 61 , 



Total 



246 
171 
206 
597 
124 
228 
231 
207 
254 
191 
293 
174 
219 
207 
144 
285 
185. 
214 
285 
287 
585 
340 
214 
196 
238 
193 
455 
300 
153 
224 
252 
296 
600 
224 
450 
4,059 
15^ 



517 

951 
153 

425 
15,726 



Blue Book— 22. 



338 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



BENSON COUNTY. 



Minnewaukan village 

Leeds 

Esmod ' 

Albert township 

Aurora township 

Beaver township 

Butte Valley township 

Broe township ■ 

Iowa township 

Isabel township 

Irvine township 

Leeds township 

Hesper townshin 

Knox township 

McClellan township 

North Viking township 

Normania township 

Oberon township > 

Pleasant Lake township 

Riggin township 

York township 

West Antelope township 

Twin Lake township 

Brinsmade village 

First commissioner district^ 

Second commissioner district 

Third commissioner district 

Total 



445 
520 
531 
270 
254 
242 
224 
247 
162 
233 
218 
369 
250 
555 
208 
410 
352 
« 493 
282 
251 
424 
248 
242 
152 
218 
652 
911 

9,363 



BILLINGS COUNTY. 



First Commissioner District 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 

♦ Total 



725 

1,200 

760 

2,685 



BOTTINEAU COUNTY. 



Roland township . 
Scandia township 
Scotia township . . 
Richburg township 
Wayne township . 
Antler township . 
Wheaton township 
Eidsvold township 
Sergius township . 
Hodman township 
Starbuck township 
Kane township . . 
Brauder township 
Renville township 

Cut Bank 

Stone Creek 

Tacoma township , 
Newborg township 



1,529 
301 
270 
425 
238 
229 

1,250 
445 
763 
955 
389 
160 
379 
260 

1,427 
289 
293 
245 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



339 



BOTTINEAU— Continued. 



Lewis township 188 

Mount Rose 186 

Blaine township 754 

Chatfield township 192 

Elms township 174 

Lansford 227 

Willow City village , 676 

Omemee township '. 604 

Bottineau city 1,227 

Souris village 359 

Westhope village 626 

Lansford village 272 

Total 15,174 

I 
I 



BURLEIGH COUNTY. 



Bismarck city . . 

First * Commissioner District 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 
Painted Woods township . . . 

Grass Lake 

Lake Vif w township 

Driscoll township 

Hazelgrove township 

Menoken . . . ._ 

Logan township 

Glen view township 

Crofte township 

Telfer township 

Boyd township 

Apple Creek township 

Ecklund township 

Total 



4,913 
839 
959 
1,375 
166 
204 

53 
120 
195 
129 

80 
113 
185 

37 

44 
103 
360 

9,875 



CASS COUNTY. 



Fargo 12 , 512 

Casselton City 1 , 269 

Hunter village 390 

Buffalo village 237 

Mapleton village 237 

Tower City village 461 

Page village ^ 493 

Davenport village 250 

Amenia township 370 

Arthur township /. 324 

Addison township 349 

Berlin township 290 

Barnes township 368 

Buffalo township 185 

Bell township 247 

Cornell township 176 

Clifton township 269 

Casselton township 253 

Davenport township 411 



338 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



BENSON COUNTY. 



Minnewaukan village 

Leeds 

Esmod •> 

Albert township 

Aurora township 

Beaver township 

Butte Valley township 

Broe township ■ 

Iowa township 

Isabel township 

Irvine township 

Leeds township » 

Hesper townshin 

Knox township 

McClellan township 

North Viking township 

Normania township 

Oberon township > 

Pleasant Lake township 

Riggin township 

York township 

West Antelope township 

Twin Lake township 

Brinsmade village 

First commissioner district^ 

Second commissioner district 

Third commissioner district 

Total 



445 
520 
531 
270 
254 
242 
224 
247 
162 
233 
218 
36d 
250 
555 
208 
410 
852 
. 493 
282 
251 
424 
248 
242 
152 
218 
652 
911 

9,363 



BILLINGS COUNTY. 



First Commissioner District 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 

♦ Total 



725 

1,200 

760 

2,685 



BOTTINEAU COUNTY. 



Roland township . 
Scandia township 
Scotia township . . 
Richburg township 
Wayne township . 
Antler township ^ . 
Wheaton township 
Eidsvold township 
Sergius township . 
Hoffman township 
Starbuck township 
Kane township . . 
Brauder township 
Renville township 

Cut Bank 

Stone Creek 

Tacoma township . 
Newborg township 



1,529 
301 
270 
425 
238 
229 

1,250 
445 
763 
955 
339 
160 
379 
260 

1,427 
289 
293 
245 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



339 



BOTTINEAU— Continued. 



Lewis township 188 

Mount Rose 185 

Blaine township 754 

Chatfield township 192 

Elms township 174 

Lansford 227 

Willow City village , 676 

Omemee township '. 504 

Bottineau city 1,227 

Souris village 350 

Westhope village 626 

Lansford village 272 

Total 15,174 



BURLEIGH COUNTY. 



Bismarck city . . 

First * Commissioner District 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 
Painted Woods township . . . 

Grass Lake 

Lake Vif w township 

Driscoll township 

Hazelgrove township 

Menoken 

Logan township 

Glenview township 

Crofte township 

Telfer township 

Boyd township 

Apple Creek township 

Ecklund township 

Total 



4,913 
839 
959 
1,375 
166 
204 

53 
120 
195 
129 

80 
113 
185 

37 

44 
103 
360 

9,875 



CASS COUNTY. 



Fargo 12,512 

Casselton City 1 ,269 

Hunter village 390 

Buffalo village 237 

Mapleton village 237 

Tower City village 461 

Page village 493 

Davenport village 250 

Amenia township 370 

Arthur township /. 324 

Addison township 349 

Berlin township 290 

Barnes township 368 

Buffalo township 185 

Bell township 247 

Cornell township 176 

Qifton township ^ , 269 

Casselton township 253 

Davenport township 411 



340 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



CAS S — Continued. 



Durbin township 

Empire township 

Erie township 

Eldred township 

Everest township 

Fargo township 

Gill township 

Gardner township 

Gunkel township 

Harmony township .... 

Hunter township 

Howe township 

Highland township 

Harwood township 

Hill township 

Kinyon township 

Leonard township 

Lake township 

Mapleton township .... 
Maple River township . . 

Noble township 

Normania township . . . . 
Pleasant township .... 

Pontiac township , 

Rochester township . . . . 
Rush River township . . 

Reed township .^ 

Raymond township .... 

Rich township 

Page township ^ 

Stanley township 

Tower township 

Watson township 

Walberg township 

Wheatland township 

Warner township 

Wiser township 

Dows township 

Township 139, range 48 
Ayr township 

Total 



137 
271 
317 
364 
204 
316 
235 
335 
272 
179 
254 
394 
250 
408 
285 
381 
349 
191 
246 
339 
289 
' 927 
643 
316 
194 
250 
394 
273 
198 
188 
812 
168 
275 
457 
502 
500 
262 
161 
24 
304 

31,955 



CAVALIER COUNTY. 



Alma township . . . . , 
Banner township . . . 
Billings township 

Bruce township 

Cypress township . . 
Dresden township . . 
Easby township . . . 
East Alma township 

Elgin township 

Fremont township . 
Glenila township . . . 
Gordon township . . 

Grey township 

Harvey township . . . 
Henderson township 



292 
317 
408 
100 
406 
490 
364 
399 
890 
602 
226 
327 
221 
249 
690 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



341 



CAVALIER— <:ontinued. 



Hope township 

Huron township , 

Langdon township 

Langdon city 

Linden 

Loam township , 

Manila township , 

Milton township 

Minto township , 

Montrose township . . . . 

Moscow township 

Mount Carmel township 

Olga township 

Osnabrock township . . . 

Osnabrock village 

Perry township 

Seivert township 

South Dresden township 

Skier township 

Storlie township 

Waterloo township . . . . 



Total 



752 
242 
246 

1,544 
709 
758 
246 
425 
193 
812 
347 
613 

1,025 
378 
397 
395 
241 
516 
243 
245 
263 

15,761 



DICKEY COUNTY. 



Albion township 

Ada township , 

Bare Creek township 

Clement township 

Ellendale city 

Ellendale township 

Elden township 

Elm township 

Hudson township 

James River Valley township 

Kent township 

Kentner township , 

Keystone township 

Lovell township 

Merricourt village 

Oakes city 

Port Emma township 

Porter township 

Riverside township 

Spring Valley township 

Valley township .^ . 

Van Meter township 

Whitestone township 

Wright township 

Yorktown township 



120 
210 
188 
317 

1,099 
89 
138 
62 
140 
364 
110 
122 
258 
230 
S9)» 

1,303 
107 
360 
155 
603 
80 
147 
514 
136 
161 



Total 



7,412 



342 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



EDDY COUNTY. 



New Rockford . . 
Sheyenne village 
Paradise township 



Townshi 
Townshi 
Townshi 
Townshi 
Townshi 
Townshi 
Townshi 
Townshi 
Townshi 
Townshi 
Townshi 
Townshi 
Townshi 
Townshi 
Townshi 
Townshi 
Greenfield 



P 
P 
P 
P 
P 
P 
P 
P 
P 
P 
P 
P 
P 
P 
P 
P 



148, 
148, 
148, 
148, 
148, 
149, 
149, 
149, 
149, 
149, 
149, 
150, 
150, 
150, 
150, 
150, 



range 
range 
range 
range 
range 
range 
range 
range 
range 
range 
range 
range 
range 
range 
range 
range 



63 
64 
65 
66 
67 
62 
63 
64 
65 
66 
67 
62 
63 
64 
65 
66 



township 



Total 



800 
291 
150 
99 
100 
189 
195 
212 
193 
200 
148 
107 
126 
154 
129 
49 
64 
195 
239 
267 

3,906 



EMMONS COUNTY. 



First Commissioner District . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 
Fourth Commissioner District 
Fifth Commissioner District 

Total 



899 
1,237 
1,688 
1,764 

830 

6,418 



FOSTER COUNTY. 



Carrington 

First Commissioner District 

Glenfield township 

Campbell township 

Haven township 

Carrington township 

Rose Hill township 

Wyard township 

McHenry village , 

Third Commissioner District 

Total 



1,106 
1,084 
265 
191 
187 
196 
189 
155 
417 
958 

4,743 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



343 



GRAND FORKS COUNTY. 



Arvilla township 

Americus township . . 
Allendale township . . 
Agnes township ...... 

Avon township^ 

Bentru township 

Blooming township . . . 

Brenna township 

Chester township . — 
Elm Grove township . , 
Elkmount township . . . 
Fairfield township . . . 
Falconer township . . . 

Ferry township 

Gilby township 

Grace township 

Grand Forks township 

Hegton township 

Inkster township 

Johnston townsnip . . . 
Loretta township . . . . , 
Lakeville townsnip . . . 

Lind township 

Larimore township . . . 

Levant township 

Logan township 

Mekinock township . . . 
Michigan township . . . 
Moraine township .... 

Niagara township 

Northwood township . 
Oakville township . . . . 
Plymouth township . . . 

Pleasant View 

Rye township 

Strabane township . . . 
Turtle River township 

Union township 

Walle township 

Washington township 
Wheatfield township . . 

Reynolds city 

Inkster city 

Northwood city 

Larimore city 

Grand Forks city .... 



Total 



341 
416 
297 
305 
287 
293 
386 
283 
410 
218 
284 
163 
118 
587 
624 
297 
571 
166 
2Ti 
304 
425 
276 
408 
209 
134 
253 
432 
283 
208 
377 
637 
211 
292 
317 
121 
297 
257 
481 
759 
421 
168 
163 
432 
709 
1,635 
10,127 

26,494 



GRIGGS COUNTY. 



Cooperstown 

Addie township 

Ball Hill township . . 
Bartley township . . . . 
Broadview township 

Bryan township 

Cooperstown township 
Clearfield township . . . 



1,002 
335 
263 
250 
214 
264 
263 
155 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 












a !n 1 J in (5 ffi (§H < :riS^£ G fSira < < 5 jm i^i.lE J (jfj H 






-^iSjssssSisS^zzzk 



346 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



M'KENZIE COUNTY. 



First Commissioner District 

Second Commissioner District 

Third Commissioner District * 

Total 



527 
691 
150 

1»368' 



M'LEAN COUNTY. 



WasMburn village 

Wilton village 

Butte township 

Blue Hill township 

Denhoff township 

Douglas township 

Emmett township 

Heaton township ; 

St. Mary's township 

Underwood township 

First Commissioner District 

Second Commissioner District 

Third Commissioner Distrct . 

Fourth Commissioner District 

Township 145, ranges 74, 75, 76, 77 and 78 

Total 



898 

302 

303 

161 

318 

162 

253 

142 

235 

407 

1,185 

2,787 

3,673 

3,975 

444 

15,245 



MERCER COUNTY. 



First Commissioner District 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 
Fourth Commissioner District 
Fifth Commissioner District . 

Total 



501 
443 
535 
604 
108 

2,191 



MORTON COUNTY. 



Mandan 

New Salem 

Glen Ullin 

Hebron 

Sims 

Blue Grass township 
Custer township .... 

Sims township 

District A 

District C. 

District D 

District E 

Total 



2,714 

527 

545 

307 

118 

510 

105 

98 

2,565 

1,677 

1,118 

8,079 

13,363 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



347 



NELSON COUNTY. 



Adler township 

Aneta city 

Bergen township .• 

Central township * 

Clara township 

Dahlen township ' ' 

Dayton township 

Dodds township 

Enterprise township 

Field township 

Forde townshif) 

Harlin township , 

Illinois township 

Kelly township 

Lakota township 

Lee township , 

Leval township 

Lakota city 

Melvin township , , 

Michigan township 

Michigan village 

Nash township 

Nesheim township 

Ora township 

Osage township .....' 

Petersburg township 

Rubin township 

Rugh township 

Sarnia township 

Wanduska township , 

Total 



255 
648 
295 
293 
241 
802 
156 
221 
246 
314 
273 
333 
200 
194 
421 
379 
154 
900 
255 
385 
529 
204 
817 
321 
280 
584 
238 
23:3 
^ 187 
150 

9,501 



OLIVER COUNTY. 



First Commissioner District . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 

Total 



1,227 
397 
821 

2,445 



PEMBINA COUNTY. 



Pembina city . . . . 
St. Thomas village 
Bathgate village . . 
Cavalier village . . . 
Neche village .... 
Drayton village . , 
Walhalla village . . 
Crystal village . . . 
Hamilton village . 
Canton village .... 
Advance township 
Akra township . . . 
Bathgate township 



918 
708 
561 
744 
613 
601 
520 
400 
187 
120 
440 
479 
231 



348 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



PEMBINA— Continued. 



Beaulien township . . 
Carlisle township . . 
Crystal township . . . 
Cavalier township . , 
Drayton township . . 
Elora township . . . . 
Gardar township .... 
Hamilton township . 
Joliette township . . 
LaMoure township 
Lincoln township . . . 
Midland township 
Neche township . . . . 
Lodema township . . . 

Park township 

Pembina township . . 
St. Joseph township 
St. Thomas township 
Thingvalla township 
Walhalla township . . 



Total 



435 
535 
400 
800 
313 
275 
622 
422 
431 
323 
434 
434 
496 
309 
311 
428 
1,214 
649 
726 
333 

16,412 



PIERCE COUNTY. 



Rugby village 

Alexander township 

Barton township 

Elling township _ 

Elvernan township 

Jefferson township 

iRosedale township 

Tuscorora township 

Norman township 

White township 

First Commissioner District . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 
Fourth Commissioner District 
Fifth Commissioner District 

Total 



1,072 
377 
350 
256 
242 
361 
115 
287 
365 
260 
693 
1,034 
1,114 
559 
549 

7,643 



RAMSEY COUNTY. 



Devils Lake city . . . . 
Churchs Ferry village 

Edmore village 

Crary 

Starkweather 

Bartlett village 

Bartlett township .... 

Bergen township 

Coulee township 

Cleveland township . . 
Dry Lake township . . . 



2,867 
376 
348 
285 
194 
114 
280 
200 
897 
184 
21S 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



349 



RAMSEY— Continued. 



DeGroat township . 
Fancher township . . 
Freshwater township 



Grand Harbor township 

Hope township 

Highland township 

Lawton township 

Lake township 

LillehoflF township 

Minnewaukan township 

Morris township 

Norway township 

Noonan township 

Northfield township 

N^bre township 

Newland township 

Odessa township 

Ontario township^ 

Overland township 

Prospect township 

Pleasant township 

Royal township 

Sullivan township 

Stevens township 

Webster township 

First Commissioner District . . 
Second Commissioner District 
Fourth Commissioner District 



Total 



2?2 
246 
236 

447 
151 
231 
394 
323 
481 
520 
179 
234 
219 
335 
181 
309 
243 
253 
161 
197 
196 
237 
114 
256 
272 
116 
121 
142 

11,979 



RANSOM COUNTY. 



Lisbon city 

Enderlin city 

Sheldon village 

Big Bend township 

Owego township 

Preston township 

Liberty township 

Sandoun township 

Springer township 

Aliceton township 

Casey township 

Shenford township 

Fort Ransom township 

Rosemeade township 

Elliott township 

Sydna township 

Northland township 

Moore township 

Coburn township 

Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 
Fifth Commissioner District 
Township 136, range 64 .... 

Total 



1,362 
1,104 
338 
210 
274 
342 
286 
284 
245 
213 
374 
382 
499 
221 
194 
167 
823 
314 
96 
382 
618 
209 
198 

8,634 



350 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



RICHLAND COUNTY. 



Antelope township 

Abercrombie township 

AberCrorabic village 

Brightwood township 

Barrie township 

Brandenberg township 

Belford township 

Colfax township 

Center township 

Dwight township 

DeVillo township 

Dexter township 

Danton township 

Elma township 

Eagle township 

Fairmount village ^ 

Fainnount township 

Freeman township 

Garfield township 

Greenfield township 

Grant township ^ 

Grafton township 

Garborg township 

Helendale township 

Hankinson city 

Homestead township 

Ibsen township 

Liberty township 

Lidgerwood city 

LeMars township ... 

Mooreton township 

Moran township 

Park township 

Summit township 

Sheyenne township 

Viking township 

Walcott township 

Wyndmere village ^ 

Wyndmere township ». 

West End township 

Waldo township 

Wahpeton city 



Total 



272 

728 

357 

347 

407 

539 

332 

643 

383 

612 

288 

350 

321 

308 

773 

£68 

407 

225 

378 

345 

371 

250 

278 

250 

1,047 
1^4 
285 
321 
749 
263 
338 
315 
641 
628 
204 
195 

1,085 
287 
258 
116 
186 

2,741 

19,379 



ROLETTE COUNTY. 



Rolla village 

St. John village 

Currie township 

Fairview township 

Gilbert township 

Kohlmeir township 

Mt. Pleasant township ....... 

First Commissioner District^ . 
Second Commis.sioner District 
Third Commissioner District . 
Fourth Commissioner District 

Total 



661 
229 
138 
303 
400 
205 
384 
756 
922 
2,157 
787 

6,842 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



351 



SARGENT COUNTY. 



Bo wen township . . 
Brampton township 
Cogswell township . 
Dunbar township . . 
Denver township . . 
Forman village ^ . . . . 
Forman township . 
Harlem township . . 
Herman township . . 
Havana township . . 

Hall township 

Jackson township . . 
Kingston township . 
Milnor township . . , 

Milnor village 

Marboe township . . 
Rutland township . , 
Ransom township . . 

Sargent 

Southwest township 
Sherman township . 
Taylor township . . . 
Tewaukon township 
Vivian township . . 
Verner township . . 
Willey township . . , 
White Stone Hill .. 
Weber township . . . 

Total 



255 

187 
290 
277 
135 
304 
134 
204 
804 
278 
475 
165 
435 
192 
437 
283 
252 
392 
224 
113 
336 
185 
380 
262 
211 
176 
275 
253 

7,414 



STARK COUNTY. 



First District . . 
Second District 
Third District . 
Dickinson city . 

Total . . . 



2,516 
1,865 
3,766 
3,188 

11,335 



STEELE COUNTY. 



Broadlawn township . . 
. Beaver Creek township 

Colgate township 

Carpenter township . . 
Edendale township . . . 

Eaton township 

Enger township 

Finley village 

Finley township 

Franklin township .... 
Greenview township . . 
Golden Lake township 

Hugo township 

Hope city 



335 
393 
300 
188 
237 
193 
450 
317 
242 
252 
213 
281 
207 
776 



352 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



STEELE— Continued. 



Melrose township . • • • 
Riverside township . . . 
Newburgh township . . . 
Primrose township . . . . 

Sharon township 

Sherbrooke township . 
Willow Lake township 
Westfield township . . . . 

Total 



218 
200 
513 
342 
419 
279 
235 
308 



6,893 



STUTSMAN COUNTY. 



Jamestown city 

Courtenay village 

Spiritwood village 

Courtenay township 

Bloom township 

Corrinne township 

Kensal township 

Nogosek township 

First Commissioner District 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District 

Total 



5»093 
459 
207 
203 
168 
208 
510 
185 
805 
3,025 
3,717 



14,580 



TOWNER COUNTY. 



Alkins townships 

Bisbee village 

Cando city 

Coolen township 

Grainfield township 

Lansing township 

Maza township 

Monroe township 

Springfield township 

Commissioner District No. 2 
Commissioner District No. 3 
Commissioner District No. 4 
Commissioner District No. 6 

Total 



210 

360 

1,328 

204 

433 

170 

221 

159 

320 

862 

1,450 

1,121 

1,067 



I 



7,905 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



353 



TRAILL COUNTY. 



Belmont township 48^ 

Blanchard township '. SOS- 

Bloomfield township 28^ 

Bohnsach township 544 

Buxton township 1 , 105 

Calendonia township 888 

Eldorado township 386 

Elm River township 201 

Erwin township . ." 381 

Galesburg township 444 

Garfield township 443 

Hillsboro township 210 

Hatton city 550 

Hillsboro city 1,251 

I^elso township 261 

Mayville township 640 

Mayville city 1,212 

Morgan township 357 

Norman township 456 

Norway township 445 

Portland township 547 

Reynolds city 226 

Roseville township 760 

Wold township 339 

Total 12,812 



WALSH COUNTY. 



Ardoch village 

Adams township 

Ardock township 

Acton township 

Conway village 

Cleveland township . . . . 

Dewey township 

Dundee township 

Edinburg township .... 

Eden township 

Farmington township . . 

Fertile township 

Forest River township 
Forest River village . . 
Feeble Minded Institute 

Grafton city 

Grafton township 

Glenwood township . . . . 

Golden township 

Hoople village 

Harriston township . . . . 
Kensington township . . 

Kinloss township^ 

Lampton township 

Latona township 

Martin townships 

Medford township . 

Minto township 

Norton township 



219 
380 
536 
442 
256 
313 
192 
441 
349 
258 
422 
468 
370 
246 
115 
2,423 
564 
496 
322 
183 
401 
375 
316 
354 
294 
400 
222 
815 
369 



Blue Book— 23 



354 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



WALSH— Continued. 



Oakwood township , 688 

Ops township 326 

Perth township 284 

Pisek village 198 

Pulaski township 618 

Rushford township 439 

Prairie Centre township 499 

Park River citjr 1,435 

Silvesta township 381 

Sauter township 234 

St. Andrews township . . . . » 385 

Shepherd township 432 

Tiber township 407 

Vernon township 340 

Vesta township 399 

Walsh Center township 394 

Walshville township 420 

• Total 20,266 



WARD COUNTY. 



Berthold township . . . 
Bowbells township . . 
Brandon township . . . 

Burt township .'. 

Callahan township . . . 
Carbondale township . 

Carpio village 

Carter township 

Clay township 

Clayton township .... 
Colquohun township . 
Crowfoot township . . . 

Dale township 

Denmark township . . 
DesLacs township . . . . 
Elmdale township . . . . 

Ensign township 

Eureka township 

Fairbanks township . . 

Fay township 

Foothills township . . . 
Forthum township . . . , 
Foxholm township . . . 
Freedom township . . . 
Grassland township 
Greenbush township . 

Grover township 

Hamerly township . . . . 
Hamlet ^ township .... 
Harmonious township 
Harrison township . . . 

Idaho township 

Hurley township . . . . , 
International township 
Ivanhoe township . . . . 
Keller township 



139 

293 

197 

224 

203 

335 

374 

288 

181 

206 

445 

186 

287 

445 

295 

304 

251 

260 

392 

200 

135 

272 

200 

169 

218 

252 

191 

159 

216 

130 

261 

256 

221 

300 

277 

174 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



355 



WARD — Continued. 



Kenmare township 

Lake View 

Leaf Mountain township 
Lockwood township . . . . 

Lowland township 

Mandan township 

Manitou township 

Margaret township 

Mayland township 

McKinley township 

Minnesota township . . . . 

Muskego township ^ 

North Star township . . . 
Palermo township ..../.. 

Passport township 

Plain township 

Portal city 

Prescott township 

Prosperity township . . . . 

Ree township 

Richland township . . . . . 
Rockford township . . . . . 
Roosevelt township .... 

Roseland township 

Ross township 

Ryder township ....... 

Sauk Prairie township . 
Short Creek township . . 

Spencer township 

Spring Valley ^ township 

Surrey township 

Tatman township 

Torning township 

Vale township ........ 

Van Burcn township . . . . 

Ward township 

Waterford township . — 
White Ash township . . . 
White Earth township . . 
Donnybrook village .... 



McKinney village 

Glenburn village 

Bowbells village 

Flaxton toArnship ^ . . . . 

Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District . 
Fourth Commissioner District 
Fifth Commissioner District . 

Minot city 

Eden Valley township 

Kenmare village 

Mohall village 

Norway township 



844 
264 
103 
173 
219 
180 
130 
176 
250 
246 
376 
225 
255 
200 
213 
219 
606 
147 
223 
228 
826 
282 
266 
320 
189 
156 
293 
243 
359 
297 
376 
224 
184 
230 
200 
275 
232 
196 
150 
281 

299 

196 

547 

197 

522 

484 

3,598 

2,855 

4,125 

266 

1,011 

409 

173 



Total 



33,468 



356 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



WELLS COUNTY. 



Fessenden village 

Harvey village 

Wells township 

First Commissioner District . 
Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District . 

Total 



781 

808 

257 

2,772 

2,778 

2,091 



9,482 



WILLIAMS COUNTY. 



biiendale township 

Equality township 

Golden Valley township 

Lindahl township 

Menton township 

Norway township 

Pleasant Valley township* . . . 

Rainbow township 

Ray village 

Sauk Valley township 

Spring Brook township 

Stony Creek township 

Tioga townshin 

Teska township 

Wheelock township 

Williston township 

Williston city 

Second Commissioner District 
Third Commissioner District . 
Fourth Commissioner District 
Fifth Commissioner District . 

Total 



186 
225 
142 

99 
249 

54 
100 
128 
195 

76 
155 
163 
196 
108 
200 
263 
1,125 
914 
970 
1,030 
379 



6,952 



POPULATION OF LEADING CITIES. 1905. 



Abercrombie 

Aneta 

Ashley , 

Balfour 

Bathgate 

Bisbee 

Bismarck 

Bottineau 

Bowbells , 

Cando 

Carrington , 

Casselton , 

Cavalier 

Churchs Ferry 

Conway 

Cooperstown , 

Courtenay 

Crary 

Crystal x . 



857 

643 

474 

522 

661 

360 

4,913 

1,227 

647 

1,328 

1,106 

1,269 

744 

376 

266 

1,002 

459 

285 

400 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



357 



POPULATION OF LEADING CITIES— Continued. 



Dazey 

Denhoff 

Devils Lake . 
DicKinson . . . . 
Donnybrook . . 

Drayton 

Edgeley , 

Edmore 

Ellendale . . . - 
Enderlin .... 

Esmond 

Fairmount . . . 

Fargo 

Fessenden ... 

Finley 

Forest River . 

Forman 

Glenullin .... 

Grafton 

Grand Forks . 

Granville 

Hankinson . . . 

Harvey 

Hatton 

Hillsboro .... 

Hope 

Hunter 

Inkster 

Jamestown . . . 
Kenmare .... 

Kulm 

Lakota 

LaMoyre 

Langdon 

Lansford 

Larimore 

Leeds 

Lidgerwood . . 

Lisbon 

Litchville .... 

Mandan 

Mayville 

McHenry . . . . 
Merricourt . . . 
Michigan . . . . , 

Milnor 

Minnewaukan 

Minot 

Mohall , 

Neche 

New Rockford 
New Salem . . 
Northwood . . . 

Oakes 

Omemee 

Osnabrock . . . . 

Page 

Park River . . 
Pembina 



231 
318 

2,367 

3,188 
281 
601 
415 
348 

1,099 

1,104 
531 
368 
12,512 
781 
817 
246 
304 
545 

2,423 

10,127 

500 

1,047 
803 
550 

1,251 
776 
390 
432 

5,093 

1,011 
587 
900 
707 

1,544 
272 

1,635 
520 
749 

1,362 
285 

2,714 

1,212 
417 
399 
529 
437 
445 

4,125 
409 
613 
800 
• 527 
709 

1,303 
504 
397 
493 

1,435 
918 



358 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



POPULATION OF LEADING CITIES— Continiied. 



Portal 

Rolla 

Rugby 

Sanborn 

Sheldon 

Sheyenne 

Souris 

St. Thomas 

Tower City 

Towner 

Valley City 

Velva 

Wahpeton 

Walhalla 

Washburn 

Westhope , 

Williston 

Willow City 

Wilton 

Wimbledon 

Wyndmere . 



606 
561 

1,072 
300 
838 
291 
352 
708 
461 
535 

4,059 
505 

2,741 
520 
898 
626 

1,125 
676 
302 
450 
287 



POPULATION BY COUNTIES. 



Barnes 

Benson 

Billings 

Bottineau . . . 
Burleigh . . . . 

Cass 

Cavalier .... 

Dickey 

Eddy 

Emmons . . . . 

Foster 

Grand Forks 

Griggs 

Kidder 

LaMoure . . . 

Logan 

McHenry . . . 
Mcintosh . . . 
McKenzie . . 
McLean — . 

Mercer 

Morton 

Nelson 

Oliver 

Pembina . . . . 

Pierce 

Ramsey ...... 

Ransom . . . . . 

Richland . . . . 

Rolette 

Sargent 

Stark 



16.726 
9,363 
2,685 

15,174 
9,876 

31,955 

15,761 
7,412 
3,906 
6,418 
4,743 

26,494 
5,993 
2,307 
7,716 
4,116 

15,231 
6,088 
1,368 

15,246 
2,191 

13,363 
9,501 
2,446 

16,412 
7,648 

11,979 
8,634 

19,379 
6,842 
7,414 

11,885 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 



359 



POPULATION BY COUNTIES— Continued. 



Steele .... 
Stutsman . 
Towner . . , 

Traill 

Walsh . . . . 
Ward .... 

Wells 

Williams . 

Total 



6,893 
14,580 

7,905 
12,812 
20,265 
33,468 

9,482 

6,952 



437,070 



VARIOUS MONEYS OF CIRCULATION. 

There are ten different kinds of money in circulation in the United 
States, namely, gold coin, standard silver dollars, subsidiary silver, 
gold certificates, silver certificates, treasury notes issued under the 
act of July 14, 1890; United States notes (also called greenbacks and 
legal tenders) , ' national bank notes and tiickel and bronze coins. 
These forms of money are all available as circulation. 

Gold coin is legal tender at its nominal or face value for all debts, 
public and private, when not below the standard weight and limit 
of tolerance prescribed 15y law; and when below such standard of toler- 
ance it is legal tender in proportion to its weight. 

Standard silver dollars are legal tender at their nominal or face 
value in payment of all debts, public and private, without regard 
to the amount, except where otherwise expressly stipulated in the 
contract. 

Subsidiary silver is legal tender for amounts not exceeding $10 
in any one payment. Treasury notes of the act of July .14, 1890, 
are legal tender for all debts, public and private, except where 
otherwise expressly stipulated in the contract. 

United States notes are legal tender for all debts, public and 
private, except duties on imports and interest on the public debt. 

Gold certificates, silver certificates and national bank notes are not 
legal tender, but such classes of certificates are receivable for all 
public dues, while national bank notes are receivable for all public 
dues except duties on imports, and may be paid out by the govern- 
ment for all salaries and other debts and demands owing by the 
United States to individuals, corporations and associations within the 
United States, except interest on the public debt and in redemption 
of the national currency. All national banks are required by law to 
receive the notes of other national banks at par. 

The minor coins of nickel and copper are legal tender to the ex- 
tent of 25 cents. 

The coinage of the legal tender gold was authorized by the first 
coinage act, passed by congress April 2, 1792. The gold unit of 
value is the dollar, which contains 25.8 grains of standard gold, 
900 fine. The amount of fine gold in the dollar is 23.22 grains, and 
the remainder of the weight is an alloy of copper. 

The silver unit is the dollar, which contains 412% grains of stand- 
ard silver 900 fine. The amount of fine silver in the dollar is 371% 
grains, and there are 41% grains of copper alloy. 



LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



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BIOGRAPHICAL. 



Congressional and State Officers, North Dakota, and 
Members of Legislature, 1907-8. 



Congressional. 

H. C. HANSBROUGH, United States senator, was born in Illinois, 
fifty-nine years ago. He was a printer and journalist as a young 
man and came to Dakota in 1882. He established the Devils Lake 
Inter Ocean in 1883 and was twice mayor of Devils Lake. He was 
the first member of congress for North Dakota in 1889, and was 
elected to the United States senate in January, 1891, having served 
in the senate continuously since that time. He is married. He was 
elected to the senate as a republican. , . 

PORTER J. McCUMBER, United States senator, was born in Crere, 
111., February 3, 1856. He was educated in the common and high 
schools of Minnesota and graduated from the law department of 
the University of Michigan. He came to North Dakota and opened 
a law office at Wahpeton, where he resides. He is married and 
has two children. He was a member of the territorial house and 
senate, states attorney of Richland county, and was elected to the 
senate in 1899 as a republican, being re-elected in 1905. 

T. F. MARSHALL, member of congress, was born at Hannibal, Mo., 
March 7, 1854, and was educated in the public schools and the 
state normal school at Platteville, Wis. He was a civil engineer 
and surveyor and came to Dakota in 1873. He is married. He 
is engaged in banking, and has held various offices, having been 
mayor of Oakes, state senator, delegate to the national convention, 
and has served three terms in congress to which he was elected as 
a republican. 

A. J. GRONNA, member of congress, was born at Elkader, Iowa, 
December 10, 1858. He was educated in the public schools and 
in Caledonia, Minn., academy. He came to Dakota in 1879 and 
located in Traill county in 1880, removing to Nelson county in 1887, 
being engaged in the mercantile business at Lakota. He is married 
and has five children. He has served as member of the territorial 
legislature, has held various local offices, has been chairman of 
the Nelson county central committee and is serving his second term 
as a member of congress to which he was elected as a republican. 

Supreme Court. 

D. E. MORGAN, chief justice, was born near Pomeroy, Meigs county, 
Ohio, and was educated in the common schools of Wisconsin and at 
the Academy of Wisconsin and the normal school at Platteville. He 
was clerk of the circuit court in Sauk county. Wis., studied law 
and was admitted to the bar in 1880. He practiced at Grand Forks 
and Devils Lake and was elected judge of the district court in 1889, 
after serving two years as district attorney. In 1900 he was 
elected to the supreme bench and was re-elected in 1906. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 363 

^ — . 

CHARLES J. FISK, associate justice, was born in Whiteside county, 
111., March 11, 1862. He was educated in the public schools and 
at the Northern Illinois college at Fulton, and studied law at 
Morrison, 111. He came to North Dakota in 1886, and settled at 
Larimore, where he was admitted to the bar in 1886. He moved 
to Grand Forks in 1889. He is married and has two children. He 
has served three terras on the district bench and was elected to the 
supreme bench as a democrat. 

B. F. SPALDING, associate justice, was born in Orleans county, Ver- 
mont, December 3, 1853. He was educated in the public schools 
and attended Lyndon Literary Institute and Norwich University. He 
read law at Montpelier and was admitted to the bar in 1880. He 
came to North Dakota in that year and practiced law at Fargo. 
He is married and has five children. He has been superintendent 
of public instruction of the state, member of the territorial capitol 
commission, member of the constitutional convention, member of con- 
gress for two terms and chairman of the republican state commit- 
tee. He was appointed justice of the supreme court to succeed 
Edward Engerud, resigned. 

State Officers 1907-1908. 

JOHN BURKE, governor of North Dakota, was born February 25, 
1859, in Keokuk county, Iowa, near where the town of Harper 
was subsequently located. He was educated in the common schools 
and entered the law department of the Iowa state , university in 
September, 1884, graduating in June, 1886. He came to Rolette 
county, North Dakota in 1888, and later removed to Devils Lake, 
where he now has his residence, and is engaged in the practice 
of law. He is married and has three children, two girls and one 
boy. He has served as county judge of Rolette county, one term 
in the house of representatives and three in the senate. He was 
elected governor as a democrat. 

R. S. LEWIS, lieutenant governor of North Dakota, was born August 
15, 1856, in Tennessee. He was educated in Minnesota, to which 
state his parents removed, and came to Fargo in 1882, and was 
engaged as a clerk in the Red River National bank. He rose to 
the presidency of that institution and' became also interested in 
farming. He is married and has three children. He has served 
as an officer of the Fargo school board, trustee of the state agri- 
cultural college, and a term in the state senate. He was elected 
to his office as a republican. 

ALFRED BLAISDELL, secretary of state, was born at Fairmont, 
Minn., in 1875, and is a graduate of the Fairmont high school 
and of the state university ot Minnesota, graduating in science and 
law. He came to North Dakota and studied law in the office of 
Newman and Stambaugh, of Fargo, and removed to Minot in 1900, 
where he is engaged in law and real estate. He is unmarried. 
He has been secretary of the republican central committee of Ward 
county, United States commissioner and was elected to the office 
of secretary of state as a republican. 

H. L. HOLMES, state auditor, was born in Dalton, Wis., May 29, 
1853. He was educated in the public schools and came to Pembina 
county. North Dakota, in 1879. He engaged in the machinery and 
mercantile business and in banking and in 1893 removed to Bath- 
gate, where he resides. He is married and has one daughter. He 
was a member of the state constitutional convention and has held 
various offices and is serving his third term as state auditor, to which 
he was elected as a republican. 

ALBERT PETERSON, state treasurer, was born at Rockdale, Wis., in 
1862. He was educated at Boscobel, Wis., and came to Dakota in 
1883, locating at Ellendale and afterward at Cogswell, where he 



364 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

resides and is engaged in the mercantile business. He is married. 
He has held various local offices and was a member of the hous^ 
in the legislature of 1899. He is serving his second term as state 
treasurer, to which he was elected as a republican. 

THOMAS F. McCUE, attorney general, was born in Elkader, Iowa, 
February 9, 1866. He was educated in the public schools and 
Northern Indiana college at Valparaiso, graduating from the legal 
department. He came to North Dakota in 1897, locating in Foster 
county at Carrington, where he resides. He is married and has 
two children, and is engaged in the practice of law and banking. 
He was elected attorney general in 1906 as a republican. 

W. C. GILBREATH, commissioner of agriculture and labor, was born 
in McMinn county, Tennessee, September 9, 1851. His parents 
afterward located in Illinois, where he was educated in the public 
schools and in Wesleyan University. He is married and has three 
children. He came to North Dakota and engaged in the newspaper 
business at Mandan. He has been a member of the state central 
committee, deputy commissioner of insurance, and is serving his 
second term as commissioner of agriculture and labor, to which 
he was elected as a republican. 

E. C. COOPER, commissioner of insurance, was born at Antioch, 111., 
April 11, 1856. He received a public school education and came 
to North Dakota in 1883, locating at Grand Forks, where he after- 
ward entered the insurance business. He is married and has one 
child. He "has been a member of the council of his city, chairman 
of the republican state committee, and is serving his second term 
as commissioner of insurance, to which he was elected as a re- 
publican. 

W. L. STOCKWELL, state superintendent of public instruction, was 
born in Minnesota and is a graduate of the state university of Min- 
nesota. He came to Dakota in 1889 and was superintendent of the 
Grafton schools for twelve years. He is married and has one child. 
He has held various offices in the state, having been president of the 
state educational association, director of the national association. 
Grand Master of the Masonic lodge of the state, and is now serv- 
ing his third term as state superintendent, to which he was elected 
as a republican. 

C. S. DEISEM, commissioner of railroads, was born near Philadelphia, 
Pa., and was educated in the common schools. He served in the 
army during the civil war and came to Dakota territory in 1871. 
He went to LaMoure county in 1880 and engaged in the mercantile 
business, which he still carries on. He is married and has a family. 
He has been chairman of the county central committee, member 
of the state committee, member of the legislature and is serving his 
second term as president of the railroad commission, to which he 
was elected as a republican. 

E. A. STAFNE, commissioner of railroads, was born in Renneboc, 
Norway, in 1848, and came to Richland county. North Dakota, in 
1885, He is engaged in farming and also in the mercantile busi-, 
ness. He is married and has a large family. He has served as 
township officer, county commissioner, member of the legislature and 
is serving his second term as railroad commissioner, to which he 
was elected as a republican. 

SIMON WESTBY, commissioner of railroads, was born at Fitjar- 
Stord-Bergen Stift, Norway, February 1, 187G. He was educated in 
the common schools and came to North Dakota in 1893. Subse- 
quently he located on a homestead in Pierce county and has been 
clerk of the court of that county. He is married and has a family. 
He was elected railroad commissioner as a republican. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 365 

Legislature. 

SENATE 

CHRIS. ALBRIGHT, of Mcintosh county, Thirty-sixth district, was 
born in Baden, Germany, December 3, 1859. He came to Dakota 
territory in the early eighties and located in Mcintosh county in 
1885, where he is engaged in agriculture and stock raising. He 
served six years as county commissioner, two terms as auditor and 
was elected to the senate in 1906 as a republican. He is married 
and has one son. 

JOHN L. CASHEL, of the Fourth legi^tive district, Grafton, Walsh 
county, was born in New York City on June 24, 1848; is married 
and has two sons. Came to North Dakota from Faribault, Minn., in 
1881. Is a banker and farmer. Was educated in the common 
schools, University of Wisconsin at Madison, Galesville University, 
Galesville, Wis., and Wayland University, Beaver Dam, Wis. Has 
held the office of state senator for twelve years and was re-elected 
without opposition. Was an alderman at Grafton for six years; 
sixteen years on the board of education at Grafton and president 
of the board. He was elected to the senate as a democrat. 

MAYNARD CRANE, of the Sixteenth district, was born December 
25, 1857, at Caldwell, N. J., and was educated in the schools of 
Mardarin, Fla., where his parents removed when he was a boy. He 
came to Dakota in 1883 and engaged in the lumber business, in 
which , he is now engaged. He was elected to the senate in 1903 
and again in 1906. He has served also as a trustee of the agricul- 
tural college. He is married and has one daughter. He was elected 
to the senate as a republican. 

JOHN H. DYSTE, of the Thirteenth legislative district, Forman 
Sargent county, was born in Norway on the 31st day of July, 1863; 
is married and has five children. He came to North Dakota from 
Minneapolis in 1885; is a merchant and was educated in the com- 
mon schools. He was elected to the senate as a republican. 

E. F. GILBERT, of the Tenth district, was born at Geneva, Ohio, and 
was educated in the common schools of that place. He came to 
North Dakota in 1883 and settled at Fargo and afterward at Cas- 
selton, where he is engaged in business. He was a member of the 
house of the Ninth legislative assembly and was elected to the senate 
as a republican. He is married and has two children. 

E. A. HALLIDAY, of the Second district, was born in Leonard 
county, Ontario, May 17, 1843, and came to North Dakota in 1881. 
He was educated in the common schools and is now engaged in 
the mercantile business at Hensel. He was elected to the senate 
as a democrat. 

LOUIS B. HANNA, of the Ninth legislative district, Fargo, Cass 
county, was born at New Brighton, Penn., on August 9, 1861; is 
married and has three children. Came to North Dakota from 
Cleveland, Ohio, in 1881. Is a banker. Was educated at Cleve- 
land, Ohio, and Pittsfield, Mass. Has held the office of member 
of the house of representatives in 1895, state senator in 1897, 1899, 
1905, 1907, and was chairman of the republican state central com- 
mitte from 1904 to date. He was elected to the senate as a repub- 
lican. 

AUGUST E. JOHNSON, of the Thirty-fifth legislative district, Wash- 
burn, McLean county, was born in Sweden on March 26, 1874; is 
married and has two children. Came to North Dakota from Penn- 
sylvania in 1883. Is a real estate dealer. Was educated in the 
common schools. Has held the office of auditor of McLean county 
for six years, state senator from 1902 to 1907. He was elected 
to the senate as a republican. 



•^^ LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



vv ')^^ JOHNSON, of the Third legislative district, Park River. 

vNaish county, was born in Racine county. Wis., on the 11th day 

X iS^V^^^* ^®^^» ** married and has three children. Came to 

^prtu Dakota from Iowa in 1892 and is a farm implement dealer. 

r^^,^^^^^^cd in the common schools and in college. Was a member 

J ^"^ house of representatives in the eighth session, 1901; was 

itHv-^ A °^^™^^*' of the senate of the ninth and tenth sessions, 

I ^ 1" 1907; has held various positions of public trust. He was 

elected to the senate as a republican. 

JOHN KELLY, of the Twenty-second legislative district, Bisbce, Town- 
er county, was born at Montreal, Canada, on the 9th of June,' 1863; 
IS married and has two children. He came to North Dakota from 
panada in 1883 and is a farmer. Was educated in the common 
scnools. He was elected to the senate as a democrat. 

THEODORE KOFFEL, of the Twentieth legislative district, Esmond, 
J^.enson county, was born near St. Peter, Minn., from which place 
ms parents removed to Montevideo, Minn., before he was two years 
a cf^^* is single. He came to North Dakota from Minnesota in 1896 
a 3 *^ ^ lawyer. He was education at Windom Institute, Minnesota, 
and the University of Michigan. He was elected to the senate as 
a republican. 

ANTON T. KRAABEL, of the Thirty-ninth legislative district, Clif- 
lordj^ Traill county, was born at Guldbrandedalen, Norway, 
f H^tober 16, 1862; is married and has seven children. He came 
^ North Dakota from Vernon county. Wis., in 1882, and is a 
"jerchant. He was educated in the common schools of Wisconsin. 
*^as a member of the house in 1903 and was elected to the senate 
as a republican. 

JUDSON LAMOURE, of the First district, was born in Frelighburgh , 
w "'^^^ of Missisquoi, province of Quebec, March 27, 1839. He 
was educated in the common schools and in the Frelighburgh acad- 
emy. Hg came to Dakota territory in 1860, and to Pembina 
county. North Dakota, in 1870. He has served several terms in 
h 15*^'^^*°''^^ legislature, having been first elected in 1872, and 
nas been a member of the state senate since statehood. He is 
parried and has three children, and is engaged in the general mer- 
chandising business in Pembina county. He was elected to the 
senate as a republican. 

^^^INAND LEUTZ, of the Thirtieth legislative district, Hebron, 
Morton county, was born at Eberbach, Germany, on June 24, 1854; 
IS married and has four children. He came to North Dakota from 
vf"^^"^ in 1883, and is a merchant. Was educated in the common 
schools and college at Eberbach and Stuttgart. He was state insur- 
ance commissioner from 1901 to 1905, and was elected to the senate 
as a republican. 

C. B. LITTLE, of the Twenty-seventh district, was born in Mem- 
mack county. New Hampshire, November 18, 1857. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools and graduated from Dartmouth college. 
He came to Dakota in 1882, settling at Bismarck, where he is 
president of the leading financial institution and allied with many 
other enterprises. He has served as probate judge of his county, 
and has held various positions of responsibility and has been a 
member of the state senate since statehood. He is married and 
has two children, and was elected to the senate as a republican. 

D. H. McARTHUR, of the Twenty-eighth district. Bottineau, Bottineau 
county, was born in Ontario, Canada, in 1885. He is 42 years of age; 
is married and has two children. He was in the drug business for 
fifteen years and the real estate business for three years, and was 
postmaster under Cleveland. He was elected to the senate as a 
democrat. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 367 

ALEXANDER McDONALD, of the Twenty-Sixth district, was born 
in Scotland in July, 1860. He came to Emmons county in 1883, 
and is engaged in ranching. He was educated in the common and 
high schools of his native country and was married in 1885,^ hav- 
ing five children. He served seven years as county commissioner, 
six years as a member of the school board, and is serving his sec- 
ond term in the state senate to which he was elected as a repub- 
lican. 

HENRY McLEAN, of the Eighteenth legislative district, Hannah, Cava- 
lier county, was born at Blaircessnock, Perthshire, Scotland, on 
December 5th, 1847; is married and has eight children. He came 
to North Dakota from Huron county, Ontario, in 1882, and is 
a farmer. Was educated in the common schools. Has held the 
office of county commissioner two terms, two terms as representa- 
tive and one term as senator, and was elected for a second term. 
He was elected to the senate as a republican. 

E. A. MOVIUS, of the Thirty-seventh district, was born at Golnow, 
Germany, May 5, 1858. He came to America when nine years of 
age and obtained a common school education and came to Dakota 
in 1887, locating at Lidgerwood, where_ he is engaged in banking 
and mercantile business. He has served in various county and town- 
ship offices and was elected to the house in 1902 as a republican, 
and as a member of the senate two years later as a republican. 
He is married and has two children. 

GEORGE D. PALMER, of the Thirty-second legislative district, Bor- 
dulac, Foster county, was born near Detroit, Mich., on March 9th, 
1855; is married. He came to North Dakota from Rockford, 111., 
in 1884, and is in the real estate business. He was a member 
of the last legislature, was employed by the Carrington & Casey 
Land Company as foreman, superintendent and manager for seven- 
teen years. He was elected to the senate as a republican. 

ED. PIERCE, of the Fourteenth legislative district, Sheldon, Ransom 
county, was born on July 6, 1863; is married. He came to North 
Dakota from Michigan in 1877 and is a lawyer. Was educated in 
the common schools in Michigan. Has held the office of senator 
of the Fourteenth district since 1902. He was elected to the senate 
as a republican. 

C. W. PLAIN, of 'the Fortieth district, was born in Aurora, 111., 
March 10, 1858. He was educated in his native town and came 
to Dakota in 1888, .locating at Milton, where he is engaged in the 
machinery business. He was a member of the house in 1892, a 
member of the senate from 1894 to 1899 and was re-elected in 
1902 and 1906. He is a democrat. He is married and has two 
children. 

W. E. PURCELL, of the Twelfth district, was born in Flemington, 
N. J., August 3, 1856. He was educated in the common schools, 
worked on a farm, studied law when twenty years of age, and 
was admitted to practice. He came to Dakota in 1881 and settled 
at Wahpeton. He has been U. S. attorney for the territory, member 
of the constitutional convention and has been a member of the demo- 
cratic national committee. He was elected to the senate as a demo- 
crat. He is married and has no children. 

K. S. RAM SETT, of the Thirty-eighth district, was born in Dane coun- 
ty. Wis., April 29, 1854. He was educated in the common schools 
and graduated from the high school at Viroque, and later took a 
course at the state University. He came to Dakota in 1882, lo- 
cating first at Bismarck, afterward at Washburn, and went to 
Barnes county in 1892. He is engaged in the general merchandise 
business at Fingal. He has served as a member of the house and 
was elected to the state senate as a republican. 



368 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

J. A. REGAN, of the Thirty-third district, was born near London, 
Ontario, Canada, November 3, 1870. He came to Dakota in 1891, 
locating first at Carrington and afterward moving to Fessenden, 
where he is engaged in various mercantile enterprises. He has 
served eight years as pastmaster and has been chairman of the 
county central committee of his county and is serving his second 
term as a member of the state senate, to which he was elected as 
a republican. He is married and has one son. 

C. D. RICE, of the Thirty-fourth district, was born July 19, 1859, 
near Amherst, Portage county, Wis., and was educated in the com- 
mon schools and the high school of Waupaca. He came to Dakota 
in 1888 and located at Towner and has been engaged in agriculture 
and stock raising. He has been clerk of court of his county, mem- 
ber of the house, and was elected to the senate in 1906 as a re- 
publican. He is married and has three children. 

J. B. SHARPE, of the Twenty-fourth district, was born in Wadding- 
ton, N. Y., September 8, 1857. He was educated in New York, came 
west in the eighties, studied law and was admitted to practice. 
He came to LaMoure county in 1892, locating at Kulm where he 
is engaged in banking and elevator business. He has been town- 
ship officer, has served two terms in the 'house and is serving his 
third term in the state senate. He is single and was elected to 
the senate as a republican. 

JOHN W. SIFTON, of the Twenty-third legislative district, James- 
town, Stutsman county, was born at Thamesford, Ontario, on June 
26, 1865; is married and has two children. He came to North Dakota 
from Ontario in 1890 and is a physician. He was educated at 
Trinity Medical Colle-e. Toronto. Has held the office of super- 
intendent of the county board of health, alderman for the third 
ward and president of the Farmers and Merchants State bank. He 
was elected to the senate as a republican. 

L. A. SIMPSON, of the Thirty-first legislative district, Dickinson, 
Stark county, was born at Deer Isle, Hancock county, Maine, on 
December 7, 1868; is married. He came to North Dakota from Min- 
neapolis in 1889 and is a lawyer. He was educated in Portland, 
Maine, high school and law department of the University of Min- 
nesota. Has held the office of member of the house of representa- 
tives from 1892 to 1896, states attorney of Stark county from 1896 
to 1900, senator Thirty-first district in 1900 and re-elected in 1904, as 
a republican. 

E. K. SPOONHEIM, of the Fifth district, was born in Norway May 
19, 1874. He came to the United States with his parents and to 
North Dakota in 1882. He was educated in the common schools 
and made his way through college, being a graduate of Valparaiso 
college. He has been superintendent of schools of Grand Forks 
county. He is engaged in mercantile business and farming and 
was elected to the ninth assembly as a democrat. 

A. J. STADE, of the Tewenty-first district, was born in Norway, 
March 4, 1868. He received a common school education and came 
to Dakota territory in 1879. He located in Ramsey county in 1888. 
He is engaged in the general mercantile business and in farming 
and real estate affairs. He has been postmaster, town clerk, school 
treasurer, and was elected to the senate in 1904 as a republican. 

H. H. STEELE, of the Twenty-ninth legislative district, Mohall, Ward 
county, was born at Sparta, Wis., on February 27, 1872; is married 
and has one child. He came to North Dakota from Aberdeen, S. 
D., in 1896 and is a lawyer and banker. Was educated at Sparta 
high school and University of Minnesota. He was elected to the 
senate as a republican. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 369 



HERBJORN H. STROM, of the Eighth legislative district, Hillsboro, 
Traill county, was born in Tunhovd, Nore Prestegjaeld, Nummedal, 
Norway, on the 7th of January, 1846; is married and has six chil- 
dren. He came to America in 1860 and to North Dakota from Clayton 
county, Iowa, in 1878. He is a farmer and was educated in the 
common schools. Has held the office of county coroner four years, 
member of the board of county commissioners of Traill county, justice 
of the peace, served as a member of house of representatives in 
1889, 1890, 1891 and 1893, and as state senator in 1895 and 1897. 
He was elected to the senate as a republican. 

IVER SWENSON, of the Seventeenth district, was born in Nor- 
way in 1849. He . came to Dakota in 1880. He was educated in 
the common schools of Norway and settled first in Traill county 
after coming to North Dakota, removing from there to Nelson 
county where he is extensively engaged in farming. He is serving 
his second term in the state senate, having been elected as a re- 
publican. He is married and has five children. ^ 

F. S. TALCOTT, of the Eleventh district, was born in New York 
City July 12, 1863. He was educated in the schools of Buffalo and 
New York City and finished his education at Williams college. He 
came to North Dakota in 1878 and in 1881 located permanently 
in the state and established a large farm near Buffalo. He has served 
as a member of the state and county central committees and was 
elected to the state senate as a republican. He is married and has 
three children. 

JOHN D. TAYLOR, of the Seventh legislative district, Grand Forks, 
Grand Forks county, was born at Stratford, Ontario, on the 16th 
of May, 1859; is single. He came to North Dakota from Detroit, 
Michigan, in 1879, and is a physician and surgeon. He was educated 
in the public schools of Detroit, Mich, and the medical department 
of the University of Chicago. State senator since 1900. He was 
elected to the senate as a republican. 

TRUMAN HENRY THATCHER, of the Twenty-fifth legislative dis- 
trict, Guelph, Dickey county, was born at Sharon, Vermont, on 
January 28, 1851; is married and has one daughter. He came to 
North Dakota from Menasha, Wis., in 1883, and is a farmer. He 
was educated in the Menasha high schools. Has held the office 
of chairman of the Hudson town board and president of the school 
board for years. He was elected to the senate as a republican. 

JAMES TURNER, of the Sixth district, was bom of Scotch parents 
who were on their way to the United States, September 9, 1847. 
He was educated in the common schools of Ontario, and came to 
North Dakota in 1882, settling at Grand Forks. He is married and 
has two sons. He has never held political office prior to his election 
as senator as a democrat. 

C. I. F. WAGNER, of the Nineteenth district, was born in New 
Brunswig, N. J., December 3, 1862. He was educated in the com- 
mon schools and in a business college and came to North Dakota 
in 1882, locating at Rolla, where he resides. He has been register 
of deeds of Rolette county and was a member of the house of the 
Eighth legislative assembly, having been elected to the senate in 
1904. He is married and has six children. He was elected to the 
senate as a republican. 

GEORGE M. YOUNG, of the Fifteenth legislative district, Valley 
City, Barnes county, was born at Lakelet, Ontario, on December 11, 
1870; is married. He came to North Dakota from Michigan in 1890 
and is a lawyer. He was educated in the hi^h schools of Orange- 
ville, Ontario, and the law colege of the University of Minnesota. 
Has held the office of representative in 1901 and 1903. He was 
elected to the senate as a republican. 



Blue Book— 24. 



370 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 



HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

OLE S. AAKER, of the Twentieth legislative district, Minnewaukan, 
Bensoii county, was Dorn at Hoi, Hallingdal, Norway, on June 28, 
1869. He is married and has four children. Came to North Dakota 
from Minnesota in 1892. He is a merchant and was educated at 
Albert Lea academy and Grand Forks college. He was elected 
to the house as a republican. 

SAMUEL ADAMS, of the Twenty-second district, was born in Man- 
torville, Minn., January 23, 1869. He was educated in the public 
schools and came to North Dakota in 1887. He is engaged in the 
real estate business at Perth. He is married and has one child. 
He is serving his second term in the house and was elected as a 
republican. 

JOHN MILLER ANDERSON, of the Sixth legislative district. Grand 
Forks, Grand Forks county, was born at Becker, Minn., on October 
26, 1877, and is single. He came to North Dakota from Santiago, 
Minn., in 1896. Is a student and was educated at Valley City 
state normal and the State University of North Dakota. He was 
elected to the house as a democrat. ' 

BERNT ANDERSON, of the Twenty-first legislative district, Churchs 
Ferry, Ramsey county, was born at Hadeland, Norway, on Decem- 
ber 2, 1861, and is married and has nine children. He came to 
North Dakota from Ottertail county, Minnesota, in 1883. Is a farmer 
and was educated in the common schools. Has held different school 
and township offices. He was elected to the house as a republican. 

O. P. N. ANDERSON, of the Twenty-first legislative district. Stark- 
weather, Ramsey county, was born at Albert Lea, Freeborn county, 
Minn., on April 20, 1872. He is married and has four children. 
Came to North Dakota from Albert Lea, Minn., in 1890. Is a far- 
mer and merchant. He was educated at Albert Lea, Minn., high 
school and graduated from Lutheran college. Has held the offices 
of school clerk and township clerk of Pleasant township, chairman 
of the board of education three terms at Starkweather, and chairman 
of the board of trustees for two terms. He was elected to the 
house as a republican. 

C. B. ANDRUS, of the Twenty-fifth legislative district, Glover, Dickey 
county, was born at Marilla, Erie county, New York, on June 11, 
1869, and is married and has three children. He came to North 
Dakota from Minnesota in 1886. Is a farmer. Was educated at 
Marion, Olmstead county, Minn., common schools. He served two 
years on town board and four years as assessor. He was elected 
to the house as a republican. 

DENNIS E. BLAKE, of the Thirteenth legislative district, DeLamere, 
Sargent county, was born at Brussels, Ontario, on January 25, 1869, 
and is married and has five children. He came to North Dakota 
from Ontario in 1881. Is a banker. Was educated itf the com- 
mon and high schools of North Dakota. Has held the office of 
school clerk, town clerk, justice of the peace, president of the school 
board of Hall township. He was elected to the house as a repub- 
lican. 

HANS O. BLEGEN, of the Twentieth legislative district, Churchs Fer- 
ry, Benson county, was born at Faaberg per Lillehammer, Norway, 
on February 20, 1853, and is married and has nine children. He 
came to North Dakota from Minnesota in 1885 and is a farmer. 
He was educated in the Norway common schools. Has held the of- 
fices of chairman of Normania township board five years, assessor 
ten years, school director and treasurer of School District No. 7. 
He was elected to the house as a republican. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 371 

J, F. BRODIE, of the Thirty-first district, was born in Troy, N. Y., 
January 1, 1871. He received a public school education and came 
to North Dakota in the early eighties, becoming largely interested 
in coal mines, in which business he is still engaged. He has been 
in charge of the agricultural experiment station at Dickinson. He 
is married and has five children. He was elected to the house as 
a reoublican. 

KNUTE OLUF BROTNOV, of the Fourth legislatixe district, Grafton, 
Walsh county, was born at Ullensaker, Norway, on September 26, 
1865, and is married and has four children. He came to North 
Dakota from Fillmore county, Minnesota, in 1879, and is a farmer 
He was educated in the common schools. Has held the office of 
representative in the house for the fifth and sixth sessions, township 
chairman, assessor, justice of the peace and clerk of school district 
for fifteen years successively. He was elected to the house as a 
democrat. 

USHER L. BURDICK, of the Eighteenth legislative district, Munich, 
Cavalier county, was born at Owatonna, Minn., on February 21, 
1879 and is married and has no children. He came to North 
Dakota from Owatorina, Minn., in 1882 and is a banker and lawyer. 
Was educated at state noraml, Mayville, graduated in 1900; also 
graduated from the University of Minnesota in 1904. Has held 
the ocffie of deputy county superintendent of schools in Benson 
county. He was elected to the house as a republican. 

T. O. BURGUM, of the Eleventh district, was born in England July 
15, 1862. He came to Dakota in 1882 and located on a farm near 
Arthur. He operated a ranch for a number of years in McLean 
county. He has held various local offices and was elected to the 
legislature in 1904 and re-elected in 1906. He is married and has 
four children. ^ He was elected as a republican. 

C. W. BUTTZ, of the Fourteenth district, was born in Stoudsberg, 
Pa., in 1839. He received an academic and legal education and 
came to Dakota in 1880. He is a veteran of the civil war and has 
been a member of congress and held various federal and state 
offices. He has been engaged in farming, has held various county 
and local offices and has served three terms as a member of the 
legislature. He was elected to the house as a republican. 

FRED F. CARTER, of the Twenty-ninth legislative district, Flaxton, 
Ward county, was born at Beaverdam, Dodge county, Wisconsin, on 
July 3, 1850 and is married and has five children. He came to North 
Dakota from Freeborn county, Minnesota, in 1898 and is a farmer. 
He was educated in the common schools and at Cedar Valley Semi- 
nary at Osage, Iowa. He was elected to the house as a republican. 

TOBIAS D, CASEY, of the Fourth legislative district, Grafton, Walsh 
county, was born at Sparta, Wisconsin, on September 12, 1866, and 
is married and has no children. He came to North Dakota from 
LaCrosse, Wis., in 1890 and is an attorney at law. Was educated 
in the common schools of LaCrosse, Wis. Has held the office of 
member of the legislative session of 1905 and has been city attor- 
ney of the city of Grafton for past five years. He was elected to 
the house as a democrat. 

F. B. CHAPMAN, of the Twenty-ninth district, was born in Ohio 
in 1858. He came to Dakota when the territory was new, and 
freighted between Bismarck and the Black Hills during the gold 
excitement. He is now a resident of Buford, Williams county, 
where he is engaged in banking and other business, and he has 
served also as national bank examiner. He is married and ^ has 
one child and is serving his second term in the house as a republican. 



372 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

EDWARD CHURCH, of the Fifth district, was born in Walford 
township, Ontario, November 3, 1858. He^ received a good education 
in the public schools and came to North Dakota in 1881. He is a ' 
farmer and a resident of Inkster. He has been assessor, town 
clerk, member of the school board and was elected to the house 
as a republican. 

J. F. COLLINS, of the Eleventh district, was born in Moore county, 
Minnesota, in 1865. He came to North Dakota in 1888 and located 
at Page, Cass county, where he is engaged in business. He is 
married and has four children. He has held various local offices 
and was elected to the house as a republican. 

H. T.' CONNOLLY, of the Twelfth district, was born in Waushara 
county, Wisconsin, April 4, 1858. He was educated in the public 
schools and came to Richland county in 1879. He is engaged in the 
mercantile business at Wahpeton. He is married and has three 
children. He has held various local offices and has been a member 
of the legislature for two terms. He was elected as a democrat. 

JOSEPH CRAWFORD, of the Eighteenth district, was born in Glen- 
garry, Canada, and is fifty-tjvo years of age. He came to North 
Dakota in 1887, locating at Langdon, and engaged in farming 
and afterward in mercantile business and milling. He has held a 
number of local offices and was elected to the house as a repub- 
lican. 

ALEXANDER WEBSTER CUNNINGHAM, of the Twenty-fourth 
legislative district Grand Rapids, LaMoure county, was born at Bald- 
winsville, Onondaga county, New York, on May 23, 1853, and is mar- 
ried and has six children. He came to North Dakota from Albion, 
Michigan, in 1881 and is a farmer. Was educated in the common 
schools of New York and Michigan. Has held the office of presi- 
dent of school board, of LaMoure County Telephone Co., also presi- 
dent of LaMoure County Creamery Co. He was elected to the 
house as a republican. 

WILLIAM S. DEANE, of the Seventh legislative district, Hatton, 
Traill county, was born at Ellsworth, Conn., on June 6, 1853, 
and is married and has seven children. He came to North Dakota 
from Illinois in 1882 and is a farmer. Was educated in the com- 
mon and high schools. He was the first chairman of Union town- 
ship and has held the office of town clerk, assessor and justice. 
He was elected to the house as a republican. 

FRANCIS E. DIBLEY, of the Ninth legislative district, Fargo, Cass 
county, was born at Milwaukee, Wis., on November 28, 1860, and is 
married. He came to North Dakota from Milwaukee in 1879 and is 
a bridge and structural builder, president of the Fargo Bridge & 
Iron Co. He was educated at, Milwaukee, Wis. He is also president 
of the N. D. Improvement Co., with offices at Fargo. He was elected 
to the house as a republican. 

JAMES DUNCAN, of the Twentieth legislative district, Josephine, 
Benson county, was born at Carnie, Aberdeen, Scotland, and is 52 
years of age, is married and has four children. He came to North 
Dakota from Wabasha county, Minnesota, in 1881, and is a farmer. 
Was educated in the common schools. Has held school and town- 
ship offices for the last fifteen years and was a member of the last 
legislature. He was re-elected to the house as a republican. 

GEO. ELHARD, of the Thirty-sixth legislative district, Gackle, Logan 
county, was born in South Russia, of German parentage, on July 
7, 1876, and is married and has one child. He came to North 
Dakota from Russia in 1894 and is a merchant. Was educated in 
the common schools of Russia. He has held the office of post- 
master since 1903 and was elected to the house as a republican. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 373 

THOMAS EVANS, of the Thirty-first legislative district, Dickinson, 
Stark county, was born at Fox Lake, Dodge county, Wisconsin, on 
April 11 1859, and is married. He came to North Dakota from 
Wisconsin in 1882 and is a stock grower and farmer. Was educated 
at Fox Lake and Ripon colleges. Has held the office of school 
superintendent in Stark county for four years. He was elected to 
the house as an independent republican. 

T. J. FLAMER, of the Ninth district, was born in Norway in 1854. 
He came to Cass county in 1880 and has been a farmer and hotel 
man. He is married and has four children and was elected to 
the. house as a republican. 

WILL FREEMAN, of the Twenty-eighth district, was born in St. 
Lawrence county, New York, May 30, 1861. He was educated in 
the public schools and the state normal school at River Falls, Wis., 
and came to Dakota in 1877. He is now ^ engaged in the general 
mercantile business at Maxbass. He is married and has two children. 
He was elected to the house as a republican. 

CHRISTIAN GANSSLE, of the Second legislative district, St. Thomas, 
Pembina county, was born in Germany on May 20, 1866 and is 
married. He came to North Dakota from Canada in 1882 and is 
a farmer. He was educated in the common schools. Was a mem- 
ber of the last legislature and was re-elected to the house as a 
republican. 

EDWARD LORENZO GARDEN, of the Twenty-eighth legislative dis- 
trict, Souris, Bottineau county, was born at Decorah, Iowa, on No- 
vember 30, 1873. and is married. He came to North Dakota from 
Decorah, Iowa, in 1899 and is a hardware and furniture merchant, 
with stores at Souris, Lansford and Landa. Was educated at De- 
corah Institute, Decorah, Iowa. He is vice president of the North 
Dakota Hardware Dealers Association and president of the Souris 
Commercial Club. He was elected to the house as a republican. 

ALBERT S. GIBBENS, of the Twenty-second legislative district. Can- 
do, Towner county, was born at Barrie, Pike county. 111., on Septem- 
ber 18, 1858, and is married and has six children. He came to North 
Dakota from Illinois in 1882 and is a farmer and stock raiser. Was 
educated in the common schools and Missouri State Normal at Kirks- 
ville. Mo. Was elected a member of the house in 1905 and re-elected 
to the house as a republican. 

JOHN J. GIEDT, of the Thirty-sixth legislative district, Ashley, Mc- 
intosh county, was born at Alt Danzig, Russia, on August 16, 1870, 
and is married an. nas three children. He came to North Dakota 
from Russia in 1887, and is a banker and real estate man. Was 
educated at Alt Danzig, Russia, and public schools in Mcintosh 
county. Has held the office of postmaster at Giedt, justice of 
the peace, register of deeds, and was elected to the house as a 
republican. 

ARTHUR OSWALD GRAHAM, of the Nineteenth legislative district, 
Rolla, Rolette county, was born at Georgetown, Ontario, on Novem- 
ber 15, 1858, is married and has two adopted children. He came 
to North Dakota from Brandon, Man., in February, 1886, and is 
publisher of a weekly newspaper, the Rolette County Herald. Was 
educated in the common schools of Halton county. Ontario. Has 
held the office of county auditor of Rolette county January 1, 1891, 
to April 1, 1905, U. S. Commissioner from February, 1903, to date, 
president of the board of trustees of Rolla in 1895, secretary of the 
Rolette County Republican Central Committee, 1894 to 1900 mem- 
ber of state central committee, 1902. Was elected to the 
house as a republican. 



374 LEGISLATIVE MANUAL 

O. T. GRANT, of the Thirty-seventh district, was born in Halling- 
dahl, Norway, December 5, 1864. He came to Richland county 
in 1876 and took up a homestead when he became of age. He is 
engaged in farming. He is married and has seven children. He 
has served in various local offices and was sergeant at arms in the 
ninth house. 'He was elected to the house as a republican. 

ROBERT GRIFFITH, of the Fortieth district, was born in eastern 
Ontario, January 1, 1853. He came to North Dakota in 1882. He 
located at Osnabrock, Cavalier county where he still resides; is en- 
gaged in farming. He is married and has five children, and has 
taken a prominent part in the affairs of his county. He was elected 
to the house as a republican. 

EDWARD T. HALAAS, of the Thirty-second legislative district, Car- 
rington, Foster county, was bom near Christiansund, Norway, on 
the 8th day of August, 1863; is married and has seven children. 
He came to North Dakota from Chippeway county, Minnesota in 
1883 and is a farmer and stock raiser. Was educated in the com- 
mon schools both in Norway and America. Has held the office of 
county assessor in 1890 and served two years; in 1892 was elected 
• county commissioner and served continuously for ten years; in 
1902 was elected county treasurer of Foster county and re-elected 
in 1904; in 1906 was elected as member of the house oi representa- 
tives from the Thirty-second district as a . republican. 

GEORGE HALLICK, of the Sixth legislative district, Manvil, Grand 
Forks county, was born at Kongsburg, Norway, on 'December 5, 1851. 
He is married and has two children. He came to North Dakota from 
Minnesota in 1877 and is a farmer. He was educated in the com- 
mon schools. Has held the office of township supervisor for three 
years and school director for twenty-two years. He was elected to 
the house as a democrat. 

JOHN E. HANNAWALT, of the Fourth legislative district, Grafton, 
Walsh county, was born in Ashland county, Ohio, on August 21, 
1852; is married and has six children. He came to North Dakota 
from Waushara county, Wisconsin, in 1880 and is a farmer and 
stockraiser. Was educated in Berlin high school, Wisconsin. He 
was one ot the organizers of Harriston township and served in 
various offices therein. At the present time he is president of the 
Walsh county mutual insurance company. He was elected to the 
house as a republican. 

R. H. HANKINSON, of the Thirty-seventh legislative district, Han- 
kinson, Richland county, was born at Grand Rapids, Mich., on Sep- 
tember^ 7, 1841; is married and has one son and one daughter. He 
came to North Dakota from Minneapolis in 1881 and is a farmer, 
real estate, loans and construction. He was educated in the common 
schools at Grand Rapids, Mich. He was elected to the house as 
a republican. 

A. D. HANSON, of the Thirty-seventh district, was born in St. 
Ansgar, Iowa, April 18, 1866. He was educated in the common 
schools and in St. Ansgar academy. He came to Richland county 
in 1888, and is engaged in farming. He is married and has two 
children. He has held many township and school offices and was 
elected to the house as a democrat. 

ARNE P. HAUGEN, of the Seventh district, was born in Norway 
in 1845. and came to the United States in 1868. He settled in 
Grand Forks county in 1879 and since that time has lived there, 
being engaged in farming. He was a member of the constitutional 
convention of the state and of the first and second legislative 
assemblies. He has also held various local offices. He is married 
and has three children. He was elected to the house as a re- 
publican. 



STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA 375 

NELS HEMMINGSEN, of the Sixteenth district, Uras born in Den- 
mark, and is sixty-one years of age. He came to North Dakota in 
1882 and is a farmer. He has been county commissioner, and has 
held various township and school offices. He is a widower and 
has one child. He is serving his second term in the house and 
was elected as a republican. 

H. G. HOSFORD, of the Third district, was born in Moira, New 
York, March 3, 1845. He was educated in the public schools and 
moved with his parents to Iowa, where he enlisted for the civil 
war. He came to Dakota in 1882 and settled on a farm near Park 
River, where he still lives. He has held various local offices and 
was elected to the house as a republican. He is married and a 
large land owner in Walsh county. 

O. L. JENSEN, of the Thirty-third district, was born in Norway in 
August, 1851. His parents came to Minnesota a few years later 
and he was educated in the public schools there. He came to 
North Dakota in 1893, and is now in the implement business at 
Harvey, and engaged in farming. He has held various local offices. 
He is unmarried and was elected to the house as a republican. 

JOHN JOHNSON, of the Second legislative district, Gardar, Pembina 
county, >vas born in Iceland, on November 1, 1862; is married and 
has nine children. He came to North Dakota from Wisconsin in 
1880 and is a farmer. Has held the office of county commissioner 
for three years and also held several township and school offices. 
He was elected to the house as a democrat. 

LIVY JOHNSON, of the Thirteenth legislative district, Cogswell, 
Sargent county, was born at Evansville, Indiana,. September 15, 

1867, and is married and has three chidlren. He came to North 
Dakota from Indiana in 1889 and is a farmer and breeder of full 
blooded stock. Was educated in the common schools. He was 
elected to the house as a republican. 

C. A. JOHNSON, of the Twenty-ninth legislative district, Minot, 
Ward county, was born at Black River Falls, Wis.,