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'Go, little book, God send thee good passage. 
And specially let this be thy prayere : 
Unto them all that thee will read or hear, 
Where then art wrong, after their help to call, 
Thee to correct in any part or all 1* 


The chief object of the Handbook for Northern France, 
which now appears for the third time and corresponds with 
the sixth French edition , is to render the traveller as nearly 
as possible independent of the services of guides, commission- 
naires, and innkeepers, and to enable him to employ his time 
and his money to the best advantage. 

Like the Editor's other Handbooks, it is based on personal 
acquaintance with the country described , a great part of 
which has been repeatedly explored with the view of assuring 
accuracy and freshness of information. The Editor begs to 
tender his grateful acknowledgments to travellers who have 
sent him information for the benefit of the Handbook, and 
hopes they will continue to favour him with such communi- 
cations, especially when the result of their own experience. 

On the Maps and Plans the utmost care has been bestow- 
ed, and it is hoped that they will often be of material service 
to the travelled, enabling him at a glance to ascertain his 
bearings and select the best routes. 

A short account of the ordinary approaches to Northern 
France for English and American travellers will be found in 
the Introduction. 

Heights and Distances are given in English measure- 
ment. It may, however, be convenient to remember that 
1 kilometre is approximately equal to Vs Engl. M., or 8 kil. 
= 5 M. (nearly) . See also p. xxiii. 

In the Handbook are enumerated both the first-class hotels 
and those of humbler pretension. The latter may often be 
selected by the 'voyageur en gar^on' with little sacrifice o 
real comfort, and considerable saving of expenditure. Those 
which the Editor believes to be most worthy of commenda- 
tion, are denoted by asterisks ; but doubtless there are many 
of equal excellence among those not so d\«»0L\3L%xiS.^^^- ^^ 
should, however, be borne mmm^ t\v?Lt\v<i\.^\e» ^x^ XvjJ^^ '^'^ 


conatant djanges, and that the treatment esperieuced by the 
traveller often depends on circumstances which can neither 
be foreseen nor controlled. Although prices generally have 
an upward tendency, the average charges stated in the Hand- 
book will enable the traveller to form a fair estimate of bis 

To hotel-proprietors, tradesraen, aud others the Editor 
bega to intimate that a character for fair dealing and oonr- 
tesy towards travellers forms the sole passport to his com- 
mendation, and that advertisements of every form are strictly 
excluded from his Handbooks. Hotel - keepers are also 
warned against persons repreaonting themselvea as agents 
for Baedeker's Hand books. 


M. = F-ngl. 1 

The letlCTdwIIll adsls, nfter the Dime ofspSHOn, inditulea tbsyeu 
r his deilb. The number of feel given sftec Uie ntniB o{ a iilue i]utwa 
I height above the eea-level. The number oF mllu plucod before the 
tloDlpiil pUccB on ntlwey-roiites ind highrDirli leDerally Indicates fbnlr 
[ilancc Irom the itirling -point o[ the route. 



I. Language. Money. Expenses. Season. Passports. Cus- 
tom Honse. Octroi xi 

II. Routes to Northern France xiii 

III. Plan of Tour xiv 

IV. Railways. Diligences xvi 

V. Cycling , xix 

YI. Hotels, Restaurants, and Caf^s xix 

VII. Public Buildings and Collections xxi 

VIII. Post and Telegraph Offices xxii 

IX. Weights and Measures xxiii 

X. Historical Sketch xxiv 

XI. Political Geography xxxii 

XII. Maps xxxvi 

ITorthem France. 

I. To the North of the Seine and the Vosges. 


1 . From Calais to Amiens and Paris 3 

I. From Calais to Amiens 

a. Via Boulogne and Abbeville 6 

b. Vi& Hazebrouck and Arras 15 

c. Via Anvin, St. Pol, Fr^vent, and Doullens .... 22 
II. From Amiens to Paris 24 

a. Via Creil 24 

b. Via Beauvais 25 

2. Amiens 25 

3. From Paris to Beauvais and Le Tre'port (Mers) 31 

I. From Paris to Beauvais 31 

a. Vi& Montsoult and Beaumont 31 

b. Via Chantilly and Creil 32 

II. From Beauvais to Le Tr^port. 36 

4. From Dieppe to Paris 38 

a. Via Bouen 41 

I. From Dieppe to Bouen 41 

II. From Bouen to Paris 41 

b. Via Gisors and Pontoise ^ 

6. Rouen *^ 

ft From Le Havre to Paris via Rouen • ^^^ 

7. TTa^erin^-PJaces between Dieppe aivai lie ^VJT^ • • • • ^ 
B. From Boaen fParis) to St. Valery-exv-Caux^^^^ ^.^TJ^^^ . ^ 
b. From Bouen (Paris) to Veulettee. l^e^a T^\.Ue% T>«X\^^ • . V 

d' /l!!?^ D**"®" ^^'ifl) *o Fecamp ' *. . • 

</. From Bouen (Paris) to Etretat ....•* 


8. From Paris to Cambral 71 

B. Vl£ Crelt, SI. QueDlin, nnA Biuisny 71 

b. 1'ij> Ciiiil, St. Jugt, UDd P^roDDe Tl 

9. From Amiens to Anas, Douai, aJid V&leiicienneB ... 74 

10. From Arras (Paris) to Dunkirk 82 

11. From Douai (Paris) and Valenciennes to Lill« and Courtrai 86 
I. From DoubI (o Lille S8 

U. rrom ValeniHenDes to Lflle 86 

III. From Lille lo PiJuHral 87 

12. Lille 38 

13. From Calaii to Chalona-anr-Marne (Bile) via Amions, 
I.aon, and Rheims 97 

U. FrumCalalB toI4anoy(Stra>SBbure) tU Lille, ValeiiclGiinea, 

Hirson, and Lojignyun 99 

l.'i. From Paris to Namur(riBge, Cologne) 100 

a. Tift St. qDCnUn and BDuHenBe (Hons-BruaaelB] .... !00 

b. Yi£ SuiBBDnB, Lson, uil Anor 106 

0. Tii BolasonB, BliBims, and M^EltTee Ill 

16. From Paris to Ehaims 114 

B. Via Keaui and Lb Fcrlc-Hilun 114 

h. Via BoitsanB lU 

c Vil Eperaav 1« 

17. ahBims 118 

18. From Paris to Melz 122 

b. Vifi fbilons ani Verdun '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'-'. IB* 

d'. Via lilieiBH and M«i*iBS-ChMlBvilio ''.'.'.'.'.'.'- 197 

19. I'foml'irialoNaney (StrssBburg) 136 

1. From Paris la cyiQnt-Bur-HBTne ISB 

11. FruDi Dhiluna-aur-Hame til «Biis; US 

•JO. Nancy 146 

n. Between the Seine, the Loirs, and the Atlantic. 

21. From Paris to Cherbourg 156 

32. Oaeci 166 

23. Watering-Places in Calvados 172 

a. TtouYlllfl-DeauYlile , Villernut-Mer , BeHmrBl-Honlgale. 

24. l"rom Cherbourg lo Brest 178 

26. From Paris to Gtanyillo 179 

26. From Caen to Le Mans via Alencon. Falaise 189 

27. From Caen lo Laval Ti4 Domrroiit and MayeiiDe .... 193 
26. From Paris to Iteniies (Brest) 194 

/. From Paris (o ITbnrlres 19* 

//. From Cbsrlres to Lb HaDi Mft 

„„ ^-'H'- Proia La Jfans u, Uenoel '»»■ 

i£p f^"' SenacB (Paris) to Brest I-^''- 

™ ^'Vffl Sennes lo St. Male. ExcuiBloiia ti(,mSt.Nla\o.Wo«\. 

Sf- Michel. Diiian ^^ 


Eoute Page 

a. From Bennes to. 8t. Malo 222 

"b. Environs of St. Malo. St.Servan.Paraxn^. Dinard. St. Eno- 

* gat. St. Lunaire. St. Briac 226 

e. Exeursions from St. Malo. Gancale. Mont St. Micliel. Dinan 226 

31. From Paris to Nantes 232 

• a. Via Le Mans and Angers 232 

• b. Via Sabl^ and Segr^ (St. Nazaire, Lorient, Quimper) . . 284 
c. Via Orleans and Touts . . 286 

32. Angers 238 

83. Nantes 246 

34. From Nantes to Brest 253 

I. From Nantes to Vannes and Auray 263 

II. From Auray to Lorient and Quimper 268 

III. From Quim'per to Brest 262 

35. From Paris to Tours 262 

a. Via Orleans and Blois 262 

I. From Paris to Orleans 262 

II. From Orleans to Tours 266 

b. Via Vendome 267 

36. Orleans 270 

37. Blois 275 

38. Tours 279 

m. District between Paris, the Vosges, the Jura, and the Loire. 

39. From Paris to Troyes and Belfort 291 

I. From Paris to Troyes 291 

II. From Troyes to Belfort 800 

40. From Paris to Epinal (Vosges) 307 

a. Vi& Blt'sme, Bologne. Neufcliateau, and Mirecourt . . 807 

b. Via Bar-le-Uuc, Neufchateau, and Mirecourt 808 

c. Via Pagny-sur-Meuse, Neufcbateau, and Mirecourt . . . 309 

d. Via Toul and Mirecourt 310 

e. Via Nancy and Blainville-la-Grande 810 

f. Via Chaumont. Neufcbateau, and Mirecourt 310 

g. Via Jussey and Darnieulles 312 

41. From Nancy to Dijon 314 

a. Vi& Toul, Neufchateau, and Chalindrey 314 

b. Via Mirecourt and Cbalindrey 815 

c. Via Epinal, Vesoul, and Gray 317 

42. From Epinal to Belfort. Plombi^res 318 

43. From Belfort to Strassburg 322 

44. From Nancy to Strassburg 324 

45. From Lun^ville to St. Di^ and Epinal 327 

46. Excursions into the Vosges from St. Di^ 329 

a. To Strassburg via Saales 329 

b. To Scblettatadt via Markirch 331 

c. To Golmar vi& Fraize and the Col dn Bonbomme . . . 332 

47. Excursions into the Vosges from Epinal 333 

a. To the Scblucbt via Gcrardmer 333 

b. To Colmar via the Scblucbt and Munster 339 

c. To Miilbausen via Bussang and Wesserling 340 

d. To Miilbausen via Cornimont and Wesserling . . • • 342 

e. To Belfort via the Walscbe Belchen 344 

48. From Belfort (Strassburg) to Dijon ^*^ 

a. Via Montb^liard and Besan^on * * ^^v 

b. Via Vesoul and Besaneon * • " " 

. Besamori . . 

60. From BesanfoQ to NenrhSle! 

61. From Besanton (Belfoct] to Bouig (^Lyons] . . . 

63. From Paris to Dijon 

b. \& I^ores Bid CbiliUon-iur- Seine ....'. 
53. Dijon 

64. From Dijon to Neiicliatel and to LauBanne . . . 

65. Lb Morvsn. Aoxarre. Aatun 

a. From Laiocic (Sens) In iuierre fAulun) jud Neve 

b. Ftoid Auierre la AnlTin vii Avalloa 

c. From Clamecy (Anierre) lo Paras-le-Honial (Mou 

66. From Dijon to Nsvets 

>. Til Ctngny, UonlcbaiiiD, and La Cieotol . . . 

b. Tli Chftgny and Autun ..-.....,. 

57. From Paris to Nepers 

a. Tli PDDlaitietileaa and Ifonlaiets (Roilnax la Lj 

b. Vii Corbcll and Monlsrria ''.'.'. '. '.'.'.'. 

c. Til OrlJans and Dourges 


1. Ubp of J/sr'h-Easlira Frana, befors the Illle-page. 

.— .Ji eminm, t- 

ni Raact, tTom Dinan In S 
r*4 Cmft-aJ Vnvra Hit., fiai 

Till SmU/isrit Vbtgit Itli., tr 

BccbMB (o Ibe Col dn 

, ,. ■.1,™...,, ,, , 

Plani of Towns. 

Wspjis 88 »7, 

Bijou 38S58. 

Ditum . . . . 933 39. 

Spinal siaao. 



I. Language. Money. Expenses. Season. Passports. 
Oustom House. Octroi. 

Lanouaob. a slight acquaintance with French is indispensable 
for those who desire to explore the more reo^ote districts of Northern 
France, but tourists who do not deviate from the beaten track will 
generally find English spoken at the principal hotels and the usual 
resorts of strangers. If, however, they are entirely ignorant of the 
French language , they must be prepared occasionally to submit to 
the extortions practised by porters, cab-drivers, and others of a like 
class, which even the data furnished by the Handbook will not 
always enable them to avoid. 

Monet. The decimal Monetary System of France is extremely 
convenient in keeping accounts. The Banqne de France issues 
Banknotes of 6000, 1000, 600, 200, 100, and 60 francs, and these 
are the only banknotes current in the country. The French Oold 
coins are of the value of 100, 60, 20, 10, and 6 francs; Silvercoins 
of 6, 2, 1, Y2» *Jid 75 franc; Bronze of 10, 6, 2, and 1 centime 
(100 centimes s= 1 franc). ^Sou* is the old name, still in common 
use, for 6 centimes ; thus, a 6-franc piece is sometimes called 'une 
pi^ce de cent sous', 2 fr. = 40 sous, 1 fr. s= 20 sous, Y2 ^r* = 
10 sous. Italian, Belgian, Swiss, and Greek gold coins are received 
at their fUll value, and the Austrian gold pieces of 4 and 8 florins 
are worth exactly 10 and 20 fr. respectively. Belgian , Swiss , and 
Greek silver coins (except Swiss coins with the seated figure of 
Helvetia) are also current at full value; but Italian silver coins, 
with the exception of the 6-lira pieces, should be reftised. The only 
foreign copper coins current in France are those of Italy and occa- 
sionally the English penny and halfpenny, which nearly correspond 
to the 10 and 6 centime piece respectively. 

English banknotes and gold are also generally received at the 
full value in the larger towns, except at the shops of the money- 
changers, where a trifling deduction is made. The table at the begin- 
ning of the book shows the comparative value of the French, English, 
American, and German currencies, when at par. CircuUw ^o\.e^ w. 
Letters of Credit^ obtainable at the i^iiivci^aX ^Tv^N&\i wv^ K\svw«Ss.^^ 


tickBia, v'uU fur (wo monlliB, sit,, SDi'.' 
SDj., ISU: leturn tickcli lOi., 3S>. 6it. 

reluming every Hon., Wed., ft Frld. 'p.riH 20j., il.., rttim-\lekcts, -all'J 
(or twn mnDlbi, BSf., ISt. : from LoDdOD lo Cherbourg, 391. Sd., 20i., retam- 
tickets 15i„ SJi. 

Fboh Jebski to 8r. Huo (3 hr>.), every Mon. A Thura. (retpmlng 
every Tuea. ft Frifl.), and to Qkahtillk Cl'/n hrs.). every Woi). A B»l. 
(retuming fvei)' Hon. A Thart.). Fares Id facIi cue 8>., Bi., relara- tick eta, 
valid tor I. moBtli, ISi., Ti, 6ii.; from LondoD to GTanvSUe 3S<., %(., 
relnro-tldkElj 62<., BBa. Bit. The Chuontl I<l«ndi (Jericy) «e reached by 
d^r aleuner from aoulbamplon or troto Wajmouili, 

weekly In 9-10 ira. {8 hn.' river pasatge); fare ICU., reloni lla'.' 6d. — 
JVfltf Palace Suam9r$ Oo^, (bar limea weekly in tke aetaun^ retarD-&rei 

m. flan of Tour. 
The traveller Is strongly recaaimended to sketch cut a pUo 
of Ills tour In advance, as this, even though not rlgidl; adbeied 
to, will be found of the greatest use in aiding him to regnUte his 
mavamentB, to eronomtES liii time, and to gtlard against overlook- 
ing an; place of interest. English and American tourists are apt to 
confine tbeir interest in N. France to the districts through which 
they are whitlad by the express-trains from the N. seaports to Paris ; 
bnt the more leisurely traveller will find much to arrest his atten- 
tion and employ his time plBiaantly in various parte of the country 
coming within the scope of this Handbook. Thoagh N. France ia 
les8 richly gifted with natural beaaty than those parts of the coiintty 
which border on ths Alps or the Fyrenses, it sttll affords mueh 
attractive scenery in Normandy, Brittany, the valley of the SbIiib, 
the VosgBB, and the Ardennes. On the other hand it is extremely 
rich in ar chits ctural monnments of the greatest importance, con- 
taining an unparalleled series of magnificent Gothic churches at 
Bourn, Amitm, Btauuais, Caen, 0\'aira, Tovra, Bhtims, Bourga, 
Oritani, Troyu, and Laan, while the Romanesque style Is well Ulns' 
trated in the ahbey-chucches oSCaen and in many smaller examples. 
The ancient Ahbty of Mont St. Michil is, perhaps, the most pictni- 
Bsqne edifice In France. Among secular edifices may be mentioned 
the magnificent Palais de Justice at Routn, the Renaissance chateaux 
of BioliT and Cftamiord, the mediaval castles a! Fitrrefoads, Coimy, 
Ch&ttait Gaiilard, and Rnmburti , the mansion of Jacques OcEui at 
Bottrgti, and the quaint old houses of Liiitui, Rotien, etc. The art 
collections of LilU are worthy of jv great capital, and those of iJouoi, 


Caen, Valenciennes ^ Rennes^ Nantes , Dijon, and Besanfon are also 
of considerable value. The busy commercial harbour of Le Havre 
and the military ports of Cherbourg and Brest deserve a visit, while 
Nancy y the ancient capital of Lorraine, has a special interest for the 
historical student. Lastly, mention must be made of the imposing 
antiquarian relics of Camac, 

The following short itineraries give an idea of the time required 
for a visit to the most attractive points. Paris is taken as the starting- 
point in each case, but the tourist starting fi:om London will find no 
difficulty in adapting the arrangement to his requirements by begin- 
ning at the places most easily reached from England. An early start is 
supposed to be made each morning, but no night-travelling is assumed. 
The various tours given below are arranged so that they may be 
combined into one comprehensive tour of two months (comp. Maps). 
The tourist should careftilly consult the railway time-tables in order 
to guard against detention at uninteresting junctions. 

a. A Week in Fioardy and ArtoiB. D&vb 

From Paris to Beauvais and Amiem C^^B. 3, 1, 2) i-lVa 

From Amiens to Arras and Douai (B. 9) 1 

From Douai to Valmciemies and Lille (B. 11) IVs-S 

From Lille to St. Omer and Oalatt (BB. 11, 1) 1 

From Calais to Boulogne and AbbefHlle (B. 1) 1 

From Abbeville back to Paris (B. 1), or to Dieppe (B. 3) to 

connect with the following tour 1 

b. Three Weeka in Normandy and^jBrittany. p^yg 

From Paris to Bouen (or from London to Di^pe and Botten, B. 4) 

and at Bouen (B. 5) IVs-S 

From Bouen to Le Havre (B. 6) i 

From Le Havre to Trouville by sea (B. 6) i 

From Trouville to Caen and at Caen (BB. 23, 22) 1-2 

From Caen to Bayeux and Cherbourg (B. 21) l-l*/t 

From Cherbourg to Coutanees (B. 24) 1 

From Coutanees to Avraneliee and Oranville (BB. 24, 25) .... 1-1 Va 

From Avranches to Mont St. Michel and St. Malo (B. 30) . . . l-lVa 

From St. Malo to St. Brietie and CMngamp (B. 30) 1 

From Guingamp to Morlaix and Brett (B. 29) 1 

From Brest to Quimper (B. 34) 1 

From Quimper to Vannes (B. 34) 1 

From Vannes to ITante* (B. 84) i 

From Nantes to Angere (B. 31) 1 

From Angers to Le Mane (B. 31) 1 

From Le Mans to Chartres and Pari* (B. 28) 1-2 


c. A Fortnight in the Orleanais, Touraine, Berry, 

Nivernaia, and Burgundy. j^^^^^ 

From Paris to Orliant and Bloit (B. 35) I-IV2 

From Blois to Chambord (B. 35) 1 

From Blois to Amboiee and Toure (B. 35) . . i-lVa 

Excursions from Tours to Chinon and Loehee (B. 35) . ... 1V3'2 

From Tours to Chenonceaux and Bourgee (B. 35) . . . ... . . - V-^ 

From Bourges to Newer* (B. 67) . ♦ \ 

, From Kevem to Autun (B. 66) ....,,.......- * 





From AutUDio Oijon (K. 50) , , . . . 1 

Bicnnion [rum Dijuu lu Bamreit (B.4B| 1 

From Dijon to Aurirrt ind Sou lER. 13, U) i-Hh 

Fii.m Seoi lu F^la<mtbUaa mrl Purii (BB. U, fifij 1 

J. A Fsrtnight in Champsgne ssd Lernlat (lh« V«ih;. 

Kium Part* to Ttosh (K.39) t 

From Troju (o (Maiimnil tod £,aivru (II. aO) . 1 

From Lugru to Bitfort and Bfant'M (BB. 30, 18) I-I<h 

From Bf«ii;oD, lit Bdfort, Lore, nd Alllcvtllerl, la Ptorn- 

Mira (BK. 43, 36, 43) 1 

From Flumblire* la Stmlr4miml ind tutiana (St. Manriat 

BB. U, 47) I 

Aacmt or Uu trsdefw dilcK* (R. 17) lArl 

From Bl. Mwirlce lo BftiHtt ud atrarimir (B. ITj . , . . . l-Vk 

From a<urdma to Uis StMurU Mid l/Hititsct (B. 17i. ... 1 

^rom a^rudmcr to «. Z>M, LanlniU, ind JTmcv CBB. 10, 16) l-l>/« 

Prom Vuer ta TMf ind CUi<mfur-Manu (B. tft ..... . ( 

Frum ChllaiK lu J^vwqr (or At. SHalri-aa-Ttinpin and »Mni 

(B. B) 1-3 

From Bhiimi lu iMaa or SoImhu (B. lU . ■ . . 1 

Prom Loon to aeliiimi and Part* <B. U), or [rom SulMuni lu 

faun, TVpsftr, and Jn<flw,laeo«De<:lwitliRonta>.(BB.U,ll H-H^ 

The pediiElrian U nnqueEtianBbly tha moat independent of t»v- 
ellera, and (o bita alone tbe besotlhil tcenerr of iome of the mora 
reaote dUtricU le acceiilble. For a short tout a couple of fltnnet 
ihiru, a pair of worsted stockings, dippers, the articles of the toUetle, 
* light waterproof, and a slout umbrella will generally bo found ■ 
auffldent equlpmanL Strong and well-tried boots are essential lo 
comfort. Heavy and complicated knapsacks should beaioidad; a. 
light poach or game-bag is far less irksome, and Its po«ition ouy 
be shifted at pleasure. A more eitensire reeerre of clothing sboidd 
not exteed the limits of a small portmanteau, wbii:h can be eaiHy 
wielded, and ma; be forwacded from town to luwii by post. 

IT. Sailwaji. Oiligenoei. 

Tbe districts tieated tn this Handbook are served mainly by tha 
Uiies of the Nord, Eit, Oual, PaTli-LyoT^MidUt'TarUe, and Orllaiu 
lailwaya, and to a (mailer extent by the Qorernment lines {Uitemt 
de iElat). 

The fares per English rolla are approximately: 1st cL 18 c, 
2nd cl. 12 c, 3rd cl. 8 c, to which a tax of ten per cent on eaeh 
ticket costing more than 10 fr. is added. The mail trains I'lratiu 
taplda') generally convey flrst-clase passengers only, and the express 
trains ('Iraini txprtii'j flrst-ciasi and second-class only. The flnt 
class carriages are good, but the second-class are often poor and tha 
Ihird-class on the Noid and Ooest lines are rarely ramished with 
ctuhioned seats. Oenetally speaking, however, the roUtng-slock bas 
been considerably impro ved wiihtn recoiityoara; and ctirridor-coaebes 
/r^lttjrit H couUilr) are found in some trains on the Est system. In 


winter all the carriages are heated. The trains are generally provided 
with smoking carriages , and in the others smoking is allowed un- 
less any one of the passengers objects. Ladies' compartments are 
also provided. The trains invariably pass each other on the left, so 
that the traveller can always tell which side of a station his train 
starts from. The speed of the express-trains is about 36-46 M. per 
hour, but that of the ordinary trains is very much less. 

Before starting, travellers are generally cooped up in the close 
and dusty waiting-rooms, and are not admitted to the platform until 
the train is ready to receive them ; nor is any one admitted to the 
station to take leave of friends without a platform-ticket (10 c), 
which may usually be obtained from the ticket-checker. Tickets 
for intermediate stations are usually collected at the 'sortie' ; those 
for termini, before the station is entered. Travellers within France 
are allowed 30 kilogrammes (66 Engl, lbs.) of luggage free of charge ; 
those who tfre bound for foreign countries are allowed 26 kilogr. only 
(66 lbs.); 10 c. is charged for booking. On the Belgian, Swiss, and 
Alsatian lines all luggage in the van must be paid for. In all cases 
the heavier luggage must be booked, and a ticket procured for it; 
this being done, the traveller need not enquire after his 'impedi- 
menta' until he arrives and presents his ticket at his final destination 
(where they will be kept in safe custody, several days usually gratis). 
Where, however, a frontier has to be crossed, the traveller should 
see his luggage cleared at the custom-house in person. At most of 
the railway-stations there is a conaigne^ or left-luggage office, where 
a charge of 10 c. per day is made for one or two packages, and 6 c. 
per day for each additional article. Where there is no consigne^ the 
employes will generally take care of luggage for a trifling fee. The 
railway-porters (faciewi) are not entitled to remuneration, but it is 
usual to give a few sous for their services. — Interpreters are found 
at most of the large stations. 

Dog Tickets cost 30 c. for 20 kilometres (I2V2 M.) or less, and 
5 c. for each additional 3 kil. (I3/4 M.), with 10 c. for booking. 

There are no Re/rethment Rooms (Buffets) except at the principal 
stations^ and aa the viands are generally indifferent, the charges high, 
and the stoppages hrief, the traveller is advised to provide himself be- 
forehand with the necessary sustenance and consume it at his leisure in 
the railway-carriage. Baskets containing a cold luncheon are sold at some 
of the buffets for 3-4 fr. 

Sleeping Carrietget ( Wagons-Lits) are provided on all the main lines, and 
the ^Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits' has an office at Paris (Place 
de rOp^ra 3). Dining Cart (Wag one- Restaurants) are also run in the chief 
day expref>ses (d^j. 3V2, D. 4-5 fr.); 2nd cl. dining-cars on the Le Havre 
and Le Mans lines (d^j. 2V4, D. SVa ".). Wine is extra (half-a-bottle, 1 fr.). 

PiUows and Coverlets may be hired at the chief stations (1 fr.). 

The most trustworthy information as to the departure of trains 
is contained in the indicatfur des Chemms deFer, published weekly, 
and sold at all the stations (76 c). There are also separate and Iq.%% 
bulky time-tables CLivrets Chaix') for the diffet^xv^.W.w'i.^-. ^^s.^^^^^ 
de I'Est, de I'Onest, etc. (40 c). 

Babdbkbr's Northern France. 3rd Edit. \i 


rv, RAILWAYS. ^^^ 

Riilway-time ie alvaye thai oj' Pacis, but the i^loi^ks iji tbe in- 
terior of tha Btationa, by whicb the trains start, sre parposely kepi 
five minutes slow. Belginii (ilieenwich or West'Enrope) rail**} 
time is 4m!n. behltid, and 'Mid Europe' time [Ibr Germany, Svltzer* 
land, and Italy) 56 Diiu. in adysneo of French rnilway-timB. 

Return-ticliBtB (Billtis d'atler et retour; are issued by all till 
railway-tonipanifls at a reduction of '20-2B per cent or evan more. 
'I'he length of time for which these tickets are availible vary with 
the diatani^e &udwi(h the company by which they ere Issued; these 
issuod on Sat. and on the eves of grsat festivalB are available for 
three days or for four riaye if Mon. be a festival. The recognised 
restivals are New Year's Day, Easter Monday, Ascension Day, WLit- 
Monday, the 'F^te Nationale' (July 14th), the Assumption (Ang. 
15th), All Saints' Day [Nov. Ist), and Christmas Day. 

Eicuriion IVoIna |" Trains de ftoisIrV should as a rule be avoided, 
as the cheapness of their fares is more than counterbalailced by tins 
diEcoiiirorte of theii accommodation. 

Circwtar Tout Tfcketi fSideli tit Voyagts Cinulaira'} ait ol 
two kindi, rfs. 'S ilbtirairet fixia' (routes arranged by (he railway 
company), and 'h Mnlrairei factiltatifa' (routes arranged to meM 
the wishes of individual liavollere). The former will often ba found 
convenient as they are issued at redaced fares, with liberal airange- 
msnU as to breaking the journey, but they are not usually granted 
to thirii-class passengers. The latter, thoogb issued for all tlilM 
classes, are now subject to a variety nf conditions which prscticall; 
laiieel the ostensible advantages, e:iGept in tho caso of jonrneyB of 
consirterahle length. Tonrlets, before parchasinB one of these 'facnl- 
tatit' tickets, should carefully study the explaiiatory sectione in the 
'Indicateur', or apply for information to a tourist - agent or otlwr 
iiitbority. Holders of such tickets must present (hemselvea at the' 
tioket-orflce of the original startiug-place and of every station lrii«n 
the JDuruey is broken and apply for an ordiJiary ticket in addition. 

The follonln; ue lone uf Uio eipreutuns with which Iha n^inf 
traveller In Fnmu abauld be bmlliut BaUway-nallon, la gar* W*a 
rni»aK«Ura); hoaklD^^fnee, It suirJitl or liunan; flnl, lacDBd, oi WiA 

lieket, prtitdn aiiiilleti ut regintar thelnggaija,/ai«mr<ff(iifw latagi^ttt 
luBga^e-Ilcket. iulMJn ilt baeagi; watliDg-ruom. talti il-aUialii refrealnnmi 
ruDia, li tuffel (iliird-elasi refreihniBbl-ruuni , la buMlrtJi plilTona, M 
par™, to trtiMr; railway -corrlaiB, It vmgati compartment, li mmjiarUmiMt, 

iJike JOQT leata! an rtilttnl alight, ieietHdrc; to cliaueB carrisgea, tlHminr' 
ie ttitmi sipreu train lo Calaii, Is (roln iipnu pour Calais, Ptxprtl» 

DiUgeacaa. The French Diligences, now becoming more and' 
nioiB rare, are generally slow (^fr-T M. ^at \i«wl, ■oitoVitetti ''^ 
'"convenient. The best seats ate the three to ftie Cr™pt,\is^lft% 
rirer, wbieb casta little more thnn the ofliorR auft MeotwmmisM 
"eral^ays (iBforehiina. The inleritUT eenetoft-J conUVns *«.'S\* 

V. CYCLING. xix 

and in some cases is supplemented by the Rotonde^ a less com- 
fortable hinder-compartment, which, however, affords a good retro- 
spective view of the country traversed. The Impiriale, Banquette, 
or roof affords the best view of all and may be recommended in good 
weather. It is advisable to book places in advance if possible , as 
they are numbered and assigned in the order of application. The 
fares are fixed by tariff and amount on an average to about 1 1/2 ^ 
per mile (coup^ extra). — For short distances the place of the dili- 
gences is taken by Omnibuses ^ equally comfortless vehicles, in which, 
however, there is no distinction of seats. Those which run in con- 
nection with the railways have a fixed tariff, but in other cases bar- 
gaining is advisable. — Hotel Omnibuses^ see p. xxi. 

Hired Carriages (Voitures de Louage) may be obtained at all the 
principal resorts of tourists at charges varying from 12 to 20 fr. per 
day for a single-horse vehicle and from 26 to 30 fr. for a carriage- 
and-pair, with a pourboire to the driver of l-2fr. The hirers almost 
invariably demand more at first than they are willing to take, and a 
distinct understanding should always be come to beforehand. A 
day's journey is reckoned at about 30 M., with a rest of 2-3 hrs. at 
midday. — Saddle Horses, Asses, and Mules may also be hired. 

V. Cycling. 

Cycling is a popular amusement in France, and the cyclist's 
wants are everywhere fairly well provided for. On and after May 1st, 
1899, cyclists entering France with their machines must obtain from 
the customs-agent a cycle-permit (60 c), which must be carried on 
the person and produced whenever required. If, however, the cyclist 
remains more than three consecutive months in France, he must 
apply for an official metal badge, to be fixed on the steering-posi 
These badges are delivered free on payment of the necessary fees 
and the annual tax (6 fr.). Each cycle must have a badge for each seat, 
and must, moreover, be furnished with a lamp and a bell or horn. 

Cyclists in France will find it advantageous to join the Touring 
Club de France (5 Rue Coq-Heron, Paris), the annual subscription 
to which is 6 fr. (5s.), including a copy of the monthly Gazette. T]w 
club publishes an Annuaire (1 fr.), with a list of cyclists' hotels, 
repairers, representatives, etc., and also a series of Itineraries (5 c. 
each). Members of the British Cyclists' Touring Club (47 Victoria St., 
London, S.W.) also enjoy special privileges. 

English riders should remember that the rule of the road in 
France is the reverse of that In England: keep to the right on 
meeting, to the left in overtaking another vehicle. 

VI. HotelSi BestaurantB, and Caf^s. 
Hotels. Hotels of the highest class, fitted up with ^n^y^ \si^^<bwv 
convenience, are found only in the laig^i to^w^ vcv^ \Vk ^'a^ \svo^'8^ 


ilscGE, whero the influx of visitors is giest. In 
r plmcE the inns generally retain their prinlciie provinciil 
actetiftics, whicli might prove talhei an attraction than other- 
r the shamefal derectiienees or the sanitary u- 
rangemcnts. The beds, however, are generally clean, and the cuidne 
tolerable. It Is therefore advisable to frequent none but the leading 
hotala in places off the beaten tia(;k of lontistE, and to avoid being 
misled by (be appellation of 'Grand-Uolel', which is often applied to 
the most ordinary intis. Soap is seldom or never provided. 

The chaigee of provincial hotels are usually somewliat lower tban 
at Paris, but at many of the largest modent establishments the tariff 
is drawn op on quite a Parisian scale. Lights are not generally 
charged for, and attendance is often included in tho price of the 
bedroom. It is prudent, though not absolutely necessary, to anquire 
the cliarges in advance. The following are the average cbaigea: 
room lVl~^ '''-i breakfast or 'premier dejeuner', consisting of 'c*K 
Bulaif, with bread and'butter, l-t'/ifr.; Itmeheon or 'douil#me 
dejeuner', taken about 11 a.m., 2-3 fr. ; dinner, usually about 6 p.m., 
'2l/t-4 fr. Wine, beer, or cider ftho ordinary beverage of Nonuand]' 
and Brittany] U |onerally included in the charge for dinner, sicapt 
in a few towns in the north-west. Beer is not often met with at 
table d'h6te eicept in tbe secoiid-clasa liotols of such towns as Bou- 
logne and Le Havre. The second dejeuner wilt probably ba regarded 
as BuparOuous by most Englisli and American travellers, eepBclally 
na it occupies a considerable lime during the best part of llie day. 
A slight luncheon at a cafe', which may be had at any hour, will ba 
fonnd far more convenient and expeditions. Attendance on the 
table d'hote is not compulsory, but the charge for rooms is raised If 
meals are not taken In the house, and the visilar will scarcely obtain 
so good a dinner in a restaurant for the same price. In many botals 
visitors are received 'en pension' at a charge of S-7 fr. per day and 
upwards (premier dejeuner extra). Tho usual fee for attendance at 
hotels is 1 fr. per day. If no charge is made in the bill; if seirice 
Is charged, 60 c. a day in addition is generally expected. 

When the traveller remains for a week or mora at a hotel, Itia 
advisable to pay, or at least call for the account, every two or Ihrae 
days, in order that erroneous insertions may be at once detected. 
Verbal reckonings are objectionable, except in some of the mors 
3 and primillve districts where bills are never written. A 
waiter's mental arithmetic Is faulty, and the faults are seldom tii 
u of the trateller. A habit too often prevails of presenting the 
Lt the last moment, when mistakes or wilful impositions cannot 
oaslly be detected or rectified. Those who intend starting early in 
fAa morning should therefore ask tot ttittt \i\\\b <m 'tVvi yi6'''««» 

English travelleiis often impose cotvsldftiaWa WoiA\ft ^i-J "^^"^^ 

yitngs I 


wrapper must be easily removable, and must not cover more than one- 
third of the packet. 

Parcels not exceeding '^2 lbs. in weight may be forwarded at a moderate 
rate (60 c.-l fr. 25 c.) within France. There is also a parcel-j^ost between 
France and various foreign countries, parcels up to 11 lbs. being conveyed 
at a uniform rate: viz. to Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, 1 fr. 10c. ^ 
Spain, Italy, 1 fr. 36 c. \ Greftt Britain, Austria, Netherlands, 1 fr. 60 c. ; etc. 
These parcels must be sealed. All parcels should be handed in at the rail- 
way-station or at the offlces of the parcel-companie.o, not at the post-offices. 

Telegrams. Foi the countiies of Europe and for Algeria tele- 
grams are charged for at the following rates per word : for France, 
Algeria, and Tunis 6 c. (minimum charge 60 c.) ; Luxembourg, 
Switzerland, and Belgium 1272 c.; Germany, 16 c.j Netherlands, 
16 c. ; Great Britain, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Spain, and Portugal 
20 c. ; Denmark 24'/2 c. ; Sweden 28 c. j Roumania, Servia, etc., 
2872 c. ; Norway 36 c; Russia in Europe 40 c; Greece 5372-57 c; 
Turkey 53 c.; New York 1 fr. 25 c; Chicago •! fr. 55 c. 

Tdtphonic Communication between the principal towns, etc.; 
enquire at the telegraph-offices. 

IX. Weights and Measures. 

(In u?e since 1799.) 
The English equivalents of the French weights and measures 
are given approximately. 

Millier = 1000 kilogrammes = 19 cwt. 2 qrs. 22 lbs. 6 oz. 
Kilogramme, unit of weight, = 275 lbs. avoirdupois s= 

27io Ihs. troy. 
Quintal = 10 myriagrammes = 100 kilogrammes = 220 lbs. 
Hectogramme (7jo kilogramme) = 10 decagrammes = 100 gr. 
= 1000 decigrammes. (100 grammes = 31/5 oz. ; 16 gr. 
= V2 oz- ; 10 gr. = V3 oz. ; 772 gr. = V4 oz.) 

Myriametre = 10,000 m^res s= 675 Engl, miles. 

Kilometre = 1000 mMres = 5 furlongs = about 5/g Engl. mile. 

Hectometre = 10 d^camfttres = 100 metres. 

Mdtre, the unit of length, the ten-millionth part of the sphe- 
rical distance from the equator to the pole ss= 3,0784 Paris 
feet = 3,281 Engl, feet = 1 yd. 31/3 in. 

DtfcimMre (Yjq m^tre) = 10 centimetres = 100 millimetres. 

Hectare ("square hectometre) = 100 ares = 10,000 sq. metres 

= 272 acres. 
Are (square decametre) = 100 sq. metres. 
Declare = 7io *re s= 10 sq. metres. 
Centiare = i/jqc are = 1 sq. metre. 

Hectolitre =s 7io cubic metre = 100 litres s= 22 gallons. 
Decalitre = i/joo cubic metre == 10 litres = 21/5 gals 
Litre, unit of capacity, = 1^/4 pint; 8 Utc^^ =^^1 ojcvwX., 



The following terms of the old system of measurements are still 
sometimes used : — 

Livre = ^U kilogramme s= I^/jq Ih. 

Pied = 1/3 metre = 13 in. 

Aune = l^/smfetre = 1 yd. 11 in. 

Toise = l®/io ni^tre a= 2 yds. 4 in. 

Lieue = 2y2 miles. 

Arpent = 11/25 acre. 

Sutler = IV2 hectolitre = 33 gals. 

The thermometers commonly used in France are the Centigrade 
and R^aumur^s. The freezing point on both of these is marked 0°, 
the boiling-point of the former 100°, of the latter 80°, while Fahren- 
heit's boiling-point is 212° and his freezing-point 32^. It may easily 
be remembered that 6° Ceijtigrade = 4° Reaumur = 9° Fahrenheit, 
to which last 32° must be added for temperatures above freezing. 
For temperatures below freezing the number of degrees obtained by 
converting those of Centigrade or Re'aumur into those of Fahrenheit 
must be subtracted from 32. Thus 6° C = 4° R. = 9 -j- 32 = 41° F. j 
20° C = 16° R. = 36 -h 32 = 68° F. Again, — 6° C = - 4°R. 
= 32 — 9 = 23°F.; - 200c = - 16°R. = 32 - 36 = - 40F. 

X. Historical Sketoh. 

Herovingians. The history of France, properly so called, be- 
gins at the end of the fifth century of the Christian era, when 
Clovis I. (481-611), son of Childeric^ king of the Ripuarian Franks 
of Tournay, expelled the Romans from Northern Gaul (ca. 496), em- 
braced Christianity, and united all the Franks under his sway. The 
Merovingian Dynasty ^ which he founded and which took its name 
from Meroveus, the father of Childeric, rapidly degenerated. The 
Frankish state was several times divided among different princes 
of the line, and this gave rise to long civil wars and finally to a 
deadly rivalry between Eastern France, or Austrasia, and Western 
France, or Neustria. The family of Pepin , heads of the ^Leudes' 
or great vassals of Austrasia and hereditary 'Mayors of the Palace', 
first of Austrasia, and afterwards also of Neustria and Burguiidy, 
took advantage of this state of affairs to seize for themselves the 
supreme power, after Charles Martel had saved the country from 
the Saracenic invasion by the great victory of Poitiers (732). 

Carlo vingians. The first king of this dynasty was Pepin thb 
Short (le Bref)^ who assumed the crown in 762. His son — 

Charlemagne (768-814), from whom the dynasty is named, 
by his able administration and by his victories over the Arabs, 
Lombards, Saxons, Avars, etc., founded a vast empire, which, how- 
ever, lasted but little longer than that of Clovis. After the death of 
his son — 


Louis I. Qe Debonnaire ; 814-840), his realms wore divided by 
the Treaty of Verdun (843) between Louis the Oerman, who be- 
came King of Germany; Lothaire^ who got Italy, Burgundy, and 
Lotharingla or Lorraine; and -^ 

Charles II. the Balb {le Chauve; 840-877), who ruled over 
France. He and his three successors Louis II. the Stammerer (le 
Blguti 877-879), Louis m. (879-882), and Carloman (879-884) 
proved themselves weak and incapable rulers, who were able neither 
to protect their kingdom from the inroads of the Normans nor their 
regal power from encroachments at the hands of the feudal nobles. 

Charles III. the Fat {le Qros,- 884-887), son of Louis the 
German and himself Emperor 6f Germany, succeeded Carloman in 
884, but left the care of defending Paris from the Normans to Count 
Odo or Eudes, Duke of France and Count of Paris, in whose favour 
he was deposed in 887. Odo was the ancestor of the Capetian fam- 
ily (see below). 

Charles IV. (le Simple; 898-923), son of Louis le B5gue, suc- 
ceeded Eudes and acquiesced in the establishment of the duchy of 
Normandy. He also was overthrown by the nobles, who put in his 
place, first, Robert (922-923),, brother of Eudes, and then Raoul 
[923-936), Robert's son-in law. Three other Carlovingians then 
bore the title of King; Louis IV. (d' Outremer ; 936-964), son of 
Charles the Simple; Lothaire (954-986); and Louis V. {le Fai- 
neant; 986-987); but these monarchs possessed less real power 
than their great subjects Hugh the Great, son of Robert, and Hugh 

Capetians. Hugh or Hugues Capet, grand-nephew of Count 
Eudes, was declared king of France in 987 and founded the Third 
or Capetian Dynasty ,^ which furnished France for eight centuries 
with an unbroken line of monachs, under whom the country ad- 
vanced to greatness and independence. 

Robert II. (le Pieuc), 1)96. 

Henri I., 1031. 

Philip I., 1060. During the reigns of these three monarchs 
France suffers from feudal dissensions and wars with the Dukes of 
Normandy. William, Duke of Normandy^ conquers England, 1066. 
First Crusade under (Jodfrey de Bouillonj 1096. 

Louis VI. {le Ores; 1108-37) encourages the growth of the 
Communes as a check upon the power of the nobles. Suger, abbot 
of St. Denis, the king's minister. 

Louis VII. {le Jeune; 1137-80) foolishly loaves his kingdom to 
take part in the Second Crusade (1147), and is further guilty of the 
great political blunder of divorcing Eleanor of Guienne and Poitou, 
who marries Henry Plantagenet, afterwards Henry II. of England, 
taking with her as her dowry extensive possessions in France. 

Philip II. {Auguste; 1180-1223) undertakes t\v^ T\vvt^.Cx^).^a^«.^ 
in company with Richard Coeur-dt-txon^V^^ . QwVvs.^^Vs^^^'^^'^* 

X. IIiaTORICA'L 9K]iTClI. ^^ 

tiicks the English poesoesians in FruntB.occnpiesSonnandjr, Maine, 
and Foitou, and defeels the English, Flemtxh, and Oeiman troops 
at Bowiinti in 1214. 

Loras VIII. (le Lif:n; 1333-26) makes fsesb conqneeta in the 
S, of Ftsnce. 

LouiB IX. (81. Louis; i1-iG-10) engagei in tlio Sei'tnll. and 
Eighth Cnuadea, tlio rormei in Kgypt, where he Idsfe the batUa of 
Maiuoura/i and ia taken prisoner (ri4fl), thn latter sgaioBt Tunis, 
wheia he dies (I'JTO). 

PfliLiym. {te Hardi! 1270-85) rjcqiiitBa Pmvenoo by inherit- 

Phiup IV, (;e Beli 1285-1314) coiiannos (he stniggls witL 
England. Defeat of Courirnf (1302). Victory of Mias-en-PuelU 
(1304) and congueEt of I'^lgndecB. l''itia>ncial einbarrassmentE, exac- 
tions, dahaaed coinagB, liispules with S'lnifaee VIII,, snppiesdon 
of the order of Kniyhia Tcmpt-ir, and cemoval of the pspal seat to 
Avignon. The Farlemtnt^ or tourt of ,1ns1ii^e, bi;comes the cenfisl 
macbine of BOvernmeiit, and Ihe Pauviiir Public, or Ltpal and Con- 
itttutional Poirtr, grows at the eipenie of the feudal and occlwi- 
astleal powers. The Etals-l.tijicTiivz, or Estates Oeneral, are con- 
voked for the first time. 

Louis X. (li Huliu or Iht Ouurrelioiiiei 1314-16). 

Philip V. (It Long; 1316-22) and — 

Ohables IV. (le Bet; 1322-2«) ate utile adminislnitots, but do 
ibow Eo flrm a front towwils the noblea as Philip IV. With 
Chides IV. Ihe dicud, line of Die CapetianB ends, and the crovn 
PMSBB to his EouBin, Pliilip of V»luia. 

HouM of Viloi*. PHii.ti.VI. [1328-50) defeats the Fleinings 

Oaseei (13'28). The 'lluerredeCtntAni'. or/fundrei/ Yeara' War 

with England (1337 -1453), begins, in ctiTieequence of Ihe rival pre- 

tsnsioaa arieing from tliu sfcond marriage of Kleanor of Guiiinne 

(asB above). liMla of Or''ey (iSi^}. Edward III. of England be- 

^M the English at Poitlm in 1350. Treaty of Br-'li<piy (1.16(1), ron- 
^H filming the loss of the cotintry to the 9. of the Loire. 
^f CuAaLEs V. (Ic Sage; 1364-SO). Baltie of Oaiheret (1364). 

The English eipelled by Btrlrand du Gucicltn, 

OiCABi.EE VI. (1380-1423) becnineG insane in 13'J'2. Defeat ot 
Ihe Flemings under Aileveldo at Rotbick {i3S2). War with tho 
ArmsgDBCs and Burgundisns. The Frenob under tlie Comtttble 

Id'AUiret defealed by HenrjV. of England st Agintonrl or Aiincovrl 
. {IJISX Puis occupiad by the EnglUh, 1121. 
1 OoAiiLsa VU. fit32-61). Tho Bleed of OiVtsws lolHciXsi 3iMin 
M!/'jin!{iJ2lf). Coronation at Khelm^. Sobm >>TiTOoi -A^RCTiisttiini 
»Wefi ff43IX TUe Enelish enpelle^l trom VYv■^ ii^qVb oC^t»MW 


Louis XL (1461-83) breaks up the Ligue du Bien Public, which 
his hasty and sweeping reforms had called into existence. He sub- 
sequently displays greater astuteness, and considers no means un- 
fair that aid him to deal a mortal blow at the feudal system. He 
effects great things in administrative reform and territorial unity, 
and puts France in a condition to aspire to foreign conquests. His 
chief acquisitions are Burgundy, Franche-Comte, Artois, and 

Charles VIII. (1483-98) marries Anne of Brittany, whose duchy 
is thereby united with the French crown, and makes a temporary 
conquest of Naples (1496), on which he has hereditary claims. 

Louis XIL {le Plre du Peuple; 1498-1615), first king of the 
younger branch of the House of Valois, conqueror of Milan and (in 
alliance with the Spaniards) of Naples. Having quarrelled with bis 
Spanish allies, he is defeated by them on the Garigliano in 1503, 
on which occasion Bayard is present. The League of Cambrai is 
formed for the purpose of expelling the Venetians from the main- 
land of Italy. The Venetians defeated at Agnadello (1609); but 
they succeed in destroying the League, and in forming the Ligue 
Sainte for the purpose of expelling the French from Italy. They 
defeat the French at Ravenna, 1512. 

Francis I. (1515-47), second-cousin and son-in-law of Louis XII., 
defeats the Swiss at Marignano, and recovers the Duchy of Milan 
(1515). Four wars with Charles V. for the possession of Burgundy 
and Milan. Francis defeated and taken prisoner at Pavia (1525). 
Francis encourages art. The absolute power of the throne increases. 

Henri II (1547-69), husband of Catherine de Midicis, accident- 
aUy killed at a tournament. Metz, Toul, and Verdun annexed to 
France (1666). Final expulsion of the English. 

Francis II. (1669-60), husband of Mary Stuart of Scotland. 

Charles IX., brother of Francis II. (1660-74). Regency of 
Catherine de Medicis, the king's mother. Beginning of the Religious 
Wars. Louis de Condtf, Antoine de Navarre, and Admiral Coligny, 
Naders of the Huguenots; Francois de Guise and Charles de Lor- 
raine command the Roman Catholic army. Massacre of St. Bartho- 
lomew, 24th August, 1672. 

Henri III (1674-90), brother of his two predecessors, flees from 
Paris, where a rebellion had broken out, by the advice of his mother, 
Catherine de Medicis (d. 1688); assassinated at St. Cloud by Jac- 
ques Clement, a Dominican friar. 

House of Bourbon. — Henri IV (1589-1610), first monarch of 
the House of Bourbon^ defeats the Roman Catholic League at Ar- 
ques in 1689, and at lory in 1690, becomes a Roman Catholic in 
1693, captures Paris in 1694. Sully, his minister. Religious toler- 
ation granted by the Edict of Nantes (1698). Henry, divorced froia 
Margaret of Valois in 1599, marries Marie de 1/t^^\0vs 'Cvvis ^O^v^-^^ 
year; assassinated by Ravaillac iu i^iO. 



Louie XIII. (1610-43J, a. feeble monarcb, is ai first depanileiit 
on his motlier Marie dc Afedjcut, the regent: she is hiiiiislied to Cd- 
logae, where she dies in 1642. Richelieu, his minister (a. 1342]. 
English fleet defeated at R4 (1627) i La RaclietU tnken from the 
Hugnenola. France takes part in .the Thirty Years' War against 
An stria. 

Louis XIV. (1645-17I5J succeeds to the throne at the age of 
flVB, under the regency of his mother, Anne of .iuHrla. Mioisters: 
Matarm (d. 1661), tiucois (d- 1691), and Coll.ert (d. 1683). Qan- 
firala : Turenne (d. 1675), Condi (d. 1686), Luxtn,!/ourg (d. 16961. 

War of the Fronie against tie coait and Maiarin. Cond^ ([Due 
tl'Knghien) defeats the Spaniards at Bocroy in 1643, and at Lena in 
Holland In 16^^. Turenne defeats the Baiarians at FTcibitrg and 
ot mrdUngen (1844). Submission of the Fronde. Peace of the 
Pyrenees, with Spain (1659). 

Death of Maiarin (1661). The king governs nlone, 

Louis marries Maria Theresa (1660). After the death of bia 
latlior-in-law, Philip IV. of Spain, Louis lays claim to the Ja)w 
Conntries. Turenne conquers Elainault and part of Flanders (1667) 
Condd occupies the Franehe Cointi. Petce of Aii-la^Chapelle, in 
ronseqnence of the Triple Alliance (1668). 

War with Holland, Passage of the Rhine (167'2). Occupation of 
the provinces of Utrecht and Oueldetland. Victories of Tnrennt 
over the Imperial army atSinsfteim, EniisAefm, MJiAWausen (1674), 
and Tiirklieim (1675). Death of Turenne at Sa£sbach (1676). 

Admiral Duquesne defeats the Dutch fleet near Syracuse (1678). 
Marshal Luxembourg defeats William of Urangc at Manlcanet 
(1677). Peaee of Nymwegen (1678). fl/rasiJuri/ o<:i;upii!d (1881), 
Orcupfltion of Luxemlomg. KevocatJon of the Jiitict of Nantes 
(1685). Louis marries Mme. de Maintenon (163&). Devastation of 
the Falalinatt (1688). Marshal Luxembonrg defeats the Imperial 
troops at F/mriii (169^ and William of Orange at Sleenkerke (1092) 
and Neerwindm (1693). The French fleet under Admiral Tout- 
ville dBfealBiI bv the Fnglish at Ln Hogut (1693). Peace of Rytiayt 

Spanish War of Succession (1701). Victnry of Vendnrae at I<ii*> 
»ara(;i702), and ofTallard at Syejfcr (1702). Taking «l Lanttm* < 
(1702). Victory at HorhilSdt (1703): defeat at RochsUidt. or Blat^ 
htim (1704), by the DuJie of Marlborough ami Prince Engine of 
Savoy. Marshal Villars defeated by Prince Fag^ne at Turin (iTO6i, 
and by Martboiongh and the Prince at Ramillies (1700), Olidtnttttot 
(1708), and Mat^laqnel (1709). Peaces of (Jlr«A( (1713) and S«- 
sMdt fi714J. 

This reign is the golden age ol Vteniih Waialme, VWunAvaMft 
&r»a<!h names m Comeilie, Raeint, MoUin. Lrtfoniaine, Bott«a!*, 
Tawsur/, F^fteloii, T>eiearte<i, Pascal, Li Drw^tT e, wA » 


Louis XV. (1715-74). Duke ofOrl6am regent till 1723. Louis 
marries Marie Lesczinska of Poland (1726). The king takes no in- 
terest in public affairs and leads a life of the most pronounced 
selfishness and debauchery. The chief power is in the hands of the 
Due de Bourbon (1723-26), Cardinal Fleury (1726-43), the crea- 
tures of La Pompadour (1745-62) and La Dubarry^ the king's 
mistresses, and the Due de Choiseul (1758-62). Austrian War 
of Succession (1740-48). Defeat at Dettingen by George II. of 
England (1743). Defeat of the Dutch and English at Fontenoy 
(1745), of the Austrians under Charles of Lorraine at Rocoux 
(1746), and of the Allies near Laeffelt (Lawfeld) in 1747. Taking 
of Maastricht and Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748). Naval war 
against England. 

The Seven Years' War (1756-63). Duke of Cumberland defeated 
by Marshal d'Estr^es at Hastenbeck (1757). The French under 
Prince de Soubise defeated the same year by Frederick the Great at 
Rossbach, and in 1758 at Crefeld^ by the Duke of Brunswick. The 
latter defeated by Marshal Broglie at Bergen (1760). The French 
defeated at Minden (1759), etc. Peace of Paris (1763), by which 
France loses Canada and her other possessions in North America. 
Acquisition of Lorraine (1766) and Corsica (1768). 

During this reign the moral ruin of the monarchy is consummat- 
ed and financial ruin becomes unavoidable. Voltaire^ Rousseau^ 
and Diderot are the most influential authors and the great leaders 
of the literary revolution. 

Louis XVI. (1774-93), married to Marie Antoinette, daughter 
of Francis I. and Maria Theresa. American War of Independence 
against England (1776-83). Exhaustion of the finances of France; 
Vergennes, Turgot, Necker, Calonne, Brienne, and Necker (a second 
time), ministers of finance. 

1789. Revolution. Assembly of the States General at Versail- 
les, 5th May. Their transformation into a Constituent Assembly, 
17th June. Oath of the Jeu de Paume, 20th June. Creation of the 
National Guard, 13th July. Storming of the Bastille, 14th July. The 
^Femmes de la Halle' at Versailles, 5th Oct. Confiscation of eccle- 
siastical property, 2nd Nov. 

1790. National fete in the Champ-de-Mars, 14th July. 

1791. The Emigration. The royal family escape ftom Paris, but 
are intercepted at Varennes, 22nd June. Oath to observe the Con- 
stitution, 14th Sept. Assemblie Ligislative, 

1792. War with Austria, 20th April. Storming of the Tuileries, 
10th Aug. The king arrested, 11th Aug. Massacres in Sept. Can- 
nonade of Valmy against the Prussians, 20th Sept. ThA NaU^^voX. 
Convention opened, and royalty abolished, *)\%X^«^\.. . 

EepubUc proclaimed, 25th Sept. Ows\\^e «^ ^^'^*^*'^ ^'sn. 
Oct Battle of Jemappes against t\ift A.ustnms^^^'t'^'^^''* C.^^^ 
of Belgium, 


17^. Louis £VI. beheaded. 2Ut Jan. KepQblican racloniDg 
of time introdueeil, 22nd Sept.t. Btign of Terror, The queen 
behe^Bd, 16th Oct. Worthip of kiOMOn intioduced. lOUi Not. Lou 
of Belginin. 

1794. JoaHan'i Tictaf; at Rntni!. 16th Jan». B«lg{titti tt- 
cenqaeted. Bubespiene's fall and eiecation, 27th Jaly. 

1795. Conqaeit of Holland by Picbegni. Bonapule commuider 
of the tioop« of the Convention against the Rayalists andetDanican, 
1th Oct. DisBCToitT eetablUhed, 27lh Oct, 

1796. Bonapatte's SQCccEses in luty (Uonttnoltt, MiUiOmo, 
Lodi, Uilon, Cmiiglvme, Bauano, tnd AreoUj. 

1797. Victory at Eicoli, 17th Jan. Taking of Manlua, 2nd Fob. 
Tbe AoElriaiis commaDded by Archdoks Charles, at first vicloriooB, 
ate defeated by Bonaparte. Peace of Cu.npo F-,rmio, i7th Oct 
Chan^a in the Directory on 18lb Fnicti'lor (4lb Sept.). 

1798. Bonapatte in Egypt- Victory of the Pj/mmidt, 'Hit Jnlj. 
Ilefealed by Nebon at the battle of the Mte (Aboukir), 1st Aug, 

1799. Boaiparle invades Syria. Acte defended by Sir Sidnay 
Smith. Victory of .Ifioukir, 25ih July. Fieoch armies repulsed in 
Germany, Switzerland, and Italy. Bonaparte returns to France. 
Fall of the Directory, 9th Not. Eetabti^4unenl of tbe CoNsiit.aTS, 
24lb Dec Bonaparte First CoobqI. 

1800. Bonsparte'd pascage of the SI. Bemiril, 13-16tb Uay. 
Viclories at Kacaiaa, MontebtUo, Marengo. an>! Holienlmdta. At- 
tempt to aSBassinale Napoleon at Paris, ^rd Dec 

1801. Peace of LunivUIt irith Germany, 9th Feb. Concordat, 
l.'ilb July. 

1802. Peace of Amiens witb England, 27th March. Bonaparte 
(with CambacJr^B and Lebnui] elected Consul for life, 2nd Aug. 

1804. first Empire. KAPOLEaii I. proclaimed Emperor by the 
Senate, 18(h May; crowned by Pope Pins VII., 2nd Dec 

1806. Renewal of war with Austria. GapituJation of Vim, 17tb 
Oct. Defeat of Trafilgar, 2ist Oct. Battle of vliulefltls, 2nd Dee. 
Peace of Praibmg, 26th Dec. 

1B06. Establishment of the Rhenieh Confederation, 12th July. 

t The jear bad 13 montbir Tendnniaire (monlh of Ibe «aUav<, or 


, Flor^ Lti 

eni£te (p«(, wind) iSIb 

to 19th April, Floi^al Ltiv, aoirer) SOth April to lytb Kay, and Prairtal 
Ipratrlt, meadow) Wlh May lo 18th June, ipring-munlha; — MMddDr 
(nsJiwM, barren) 19th June lu IBUi July, Thermid'iT (tlxniw. vinatU tWi 
^rJ^ IB t/ib Aug., ud Fractidor </rnt, Ciqit) ISt^ Xag. lo ^I^Gaati*"- 
Bach month bad 30 flay ' - -- • " ' — — 

ij- Mbollibed. At the doie of the year 
', ITib Sept. (o aiat. — The lepuMlta 



War with Prussia. Battles of Jena and Auerstddt^ 14th Oct. Entry 
into Berlin, 27th Oct. Continental blockade. 

1807. War with Russia and Prussia. Battles of Eylau and 
Friedland. Treaty of Tilsit^ 8th July. Occupation of Lisbon^ 
30th Nov. 

1808. War in Spain, in order to maintain Joseph Bonaparte on 
the throne. Code NapoUon promulgated. 

1809. Conquest of Saragossa, 21st Feb. Renewed war with 
Austria. Battle of Eckmiihl^ 19th-23rd April. Vienna entered, 13th 
May. Battles of Aspem^ or Esslingy and Wagram^ 6th and 6th July. 
Peace of Vienna^ 14th Oct. Abolition of the temporal power of 
the pope. 

1810. Marriage of Napoleon with Marie Louise , daughter of 
Francis II. of Austria, 11th March. Napoleon at the height of his 

1812. Renewed war with Russia. Battles of Smolensk and the 
Afoskowa, Moscow entered, 15th Sept. Retreat begun, 19th Oct. 
Passage of the Beresina, — Wellington's victory at Salamanca. 

1813. Battles of Liitzen^ Bautzen^ Qrossheeren^ Dresden^ Kaiz-- 
bach J Kulmy Leipsic (16-18th Oct.), Hanau^ etc. 

1814. Battles of BriennCj La Rothihre^ Montmirail^ Laon, 
Arcissur-Aube^ and Paris, Entrance of the Allies into Paris, 31st 
March. Abdication of the Emperor, 11th April. His arrival at Elba^ 
4th May. 

1814. Bestoration. Louis XVIII. proclaimed king, 6th April. 
First Treaty of Paris, 30th May. 

1815. Napoleon's return from Elba; at Cannes on Ist, and at 
Paris on 20th March. Battles of Ligny and Waterloo, 16th and 18th 
June. Second entrance of the Allies into Paris, 7th July. Second 
Peace of Paris, 20th Nov. Napoleon banished to St. Helena, where 
he dies (oth May, 1821). 

1823. Spanish campaign, to aid Ferdinand VIII., under the Due 
d'Angouleme, son of Charles X. 

1824. CUARLES X. 

1830. Conquest of Algiers, 

1830. Revolution op July (27th-29th) and fall of the Bourbons. 

House of Orleans. Louis Puilippk elected King, 7th |Aug. 
Continued war in Africa; consolidation of the French colony of 

1848. Revolution op Femiiuahy (23rd and 24th). 

1848. Eepublio. Sanguinary conflicts in Paris, 23rd to 26th 
June. Louis Napoleon, son of the former king of Holland, elected 
President, 10th Dec. 

1861. Dissolution of the AssembWe-, Coup d.'E.VaV.^^'^^^'^^- 

1852. Beoond Empire. NAVOL¥ion Ul, ^\^<i\«^^ «vxv^^\«^^^ "V^^* 
*/^c^(f, 2nd Dec, ^ * 

i854. War with Russia. Crimean CampaWn. — V«^^* ^""^ 



of SBbastopo!, 8lh Sept. — 1866. Peace ef Paris, 30lb M»rch. — 
1859. War with AuBl.tia. BattleE of Magmta (ith June] and Sol- 
ferino (2itli June). Peaue of VillafTanca, Jlth Julj. — 1862. 
Mtxican Expedltton. — 18CT. Dispute with Pinsait about Lniem- 

1870. War wilh Prnesia, Deutaration of War, 19ih Jaly. BaHles 
InAugoat: Wclisenburg (it),), Worth (^tb), Spidieren (6tb), Bomy, 
RetanvUte, and nravtlolte (14lb, 16th, 18th), Benumont (30th). 
Battle of Sedan, 1st Sapl. Surrender of Napoleon III. 

Bspvblio proclaimed, 4th Sept. CapilulsliDn of Straiiburg, 27th 
Sept., inH of Mill, 27th Oct. Battles iiBar OrUans, 2nd-l(h Dee 

1871. Battle of St. Qvenlin, 19th Jan. Capitnlation of FarU, 
28th Jan. The Germane enter Paris, 1st March. 

1871. OoMMUKiBT InairHHECTioK, 18lh March, Seat of govern- 
ment removed to VenniUes, 20th March. Second siege of Paris, 2nd 
ApriL Pene.e of Fritnkfnrt, lOtb May, resigning Allan and pati of 
LotTitnf to Qsimany. Paris occupied ty the Gove mm ent troops, 
26(h Maj. — The Communist insnrreotioJi finally qoeUed, 2Sth 
May. ^ M. Thieri, who had heen ehief ofthe eieculiye since 17fli 
Feh,, appoinlei) President of the Repnblic, 3isl Aug. 

1873. DesthofNapoleonlll., 9lh Jan. — Manhai Af-.cJtfafton 
appointed President Instead of M. Thiers, 14th May. Final eva- 
EUation of France hy the German troops, Kith Sept. 

1875. Repuhlicaii Consfilution finally adjusteil, 25(h Feb. 

18T8. Univenat Exhmion, al Paris. 

1879. M. Jules Or/vy becomiis Preaident, The Chamberfi of Ilia 
LegisUture return from Versailli^s to Paris. 

1881. Expedition to Tunis. — 1882-83. Expeditions to Tongking 
and Madaga'far. 

1887. M. Sadi Cfimat become. President in plate of M. Qrtfvy, 
3rd Dec. — 1889. Unhcrtal Exhibition, at Paris. 

1894. AsaiBsinitlon of President Oamot, by the Italian Casorto, 
24lh June. Af, J. Casinur PMer elected president two days later. — 
189Q. Resignation of Caaimir Pjrier and elei:tian of M. Fellc Faun 
to the presidency, Jan. 16th and 17th. Fipediilon to Madaga^eaf 
and annexation of that island. 

1899. Death of President Faure, Feb. 16th, M. Envle Loubet 
elected president, Feb, 18ih, 

XI. Political Oeography. 

Population. At the eensus taken in Mar.'h, 1896, Franca, a«- | 

eluding her seamen and coionies, contained 38,617,975 inliUi., | 

iiiclading i, 027,491 foreigners, moat of whom were Belgitiu,^ 

/ta/i'aaa, Spaniards, or Germans. Tbe aivmuiV wti^iiw ol v^^<^»- fl 

ffon ill France is smaller than in a,ii^ atVoi oomiXi^ i.l'^ .■?.«ksv>s.' 


a peace-footing the former consists of 540,000 men and the latter 
of 800,000 men, forming a total of 1,340,000. On a war-footing 
these totals rise to 1,800,000, 2,000,000, and 3,800,000. 

Navy. For naval purposes France is divided into five Prifectures 
Maritimes, the seats of which are Cherhourg, Brest, Lorient, Roche- 
fort, and Toulon. The fleet consists of ahout 300 war vessels in 
commission, including 26 ironclads and 35 crusers. These are 
manned hy 71,000 sailors and marines, a total that can be raised 
to 120,000 in time of war. 

Justice. Each canton contains a Justice de Paix or Justice of 
the Peace; each arrondissement & Tribunal of the First Instance ; and 
each department a Cour d' Assises^ or criminal court. Above these 
are 26 Cours d'Appely or courts of appeal, in the principal towns, and 
the Cour de Cassation^ or supreme court of appeal, at Paris. There 
are also Commercial^ Military, and Naval Courts in places where 
such tribunals have been found desirable. 

Education. Education is compulsory on all children between 
six and thirteen years. In the budget a sum of about 130 million 
francs (5,200,0C0i.) is set down for the Minister of Public Instruc- 
tion, nearly two-thirds being allotted to elementary education. 

The Higher Education is entrusted to seventeen Universities^ 
which until 1896 were known as ^acad^mies universitaires'. Two 
of these universities (those of Paris and Bordeaux) have the five fac- 
ulties of theology, law, medicine, science, and letters; three (Lyons, 
Nancy, Lille) have four faculties, eight have three, two have two, 
and two (Marseilles and Rouen) have one faculty only. There are 
also *Faculte's' of Protestant Theology at Paris and Montauban, and 
Roman Catholic Institutes at Paris, Angers, Lyons, and Lille. 

Secondary Education is imparted by about 100 Lycies and 250 
Colleges CommunnuXj including 30 lyce'es and 30 colleges for girls. In 
addition to these there still exist about 350 private colleges and 350 
ecclesiastical colleges. 

There is at least one Elementary School in each commune, irre- 
spective of private schools.^ 

The educational work of each department is presided over by an 
Inspecteur d' Academic^ and each arrondissement has an Inspecteur 
d' Instruction Primaire. 

In addition to the above-mentioned schools and colleges are 
numerous Technical and Special Institutions. 

Religion. All religions are equal by law, and three sects, viz, 
Roman Catholics^ Protestants, and Jews, receive grants from govern- 
ment, the items in the budget under this head amounting to 45 qi 
50 million francs. The overwhelming majority q1 >^ci^ \\^iijJw\."«s\\A ^"^ 
France proper, or about 37 millions out oi^^^KmNVYv^xv^^^^'?^^'^^'^^^ 
ed as Boman Catholics. The hieiaTclx^ oi Wvfe^^ma.w^^'^^'^'^'^ "^^^^^ 
embraces 17 Archbishops and 67 BisKopa, ^\\Ci^^ «>'^'5i^ ^•^'^ ^^ 



Uxt) Xll. MAI'S. 

[not ilwiys) uueiliuBlva with tbe depaitmenlB. The sait of tlie 
aTchbiibnpa nrs st All, Albi, Auch, Avignon, Beaanvori, Bntdtins 
Bontges, Cambtil, Cbimbfty, I.yom, r«rlit,RlieimB, lEsnna*, Rouen, 
SenB,TaDloiue, and 'I'ouie. the regiil«r clergy nuniliet about &6,0OO. I 

Ths Proltitanti, wbo riUDibet &bnuC 000,000, ire dlfldad inio ! 
Luthifaru and Caivlniiti , Ihe torniBl goieriied by a Qenaral Ccn- 
■ialoiy, the latlei by a Central Coanvll, both sitting at Parla. Th« Ln- 
t1ier»nsuemoitnunierousjiiIbeE,,theUalviniatBln Ihe S. protiiicet. 

The number of Jewi in Fttnr.e doee not eicced 60,000. 

XU. lUpi. 

The best mspe of France haie hit be rto baeii the C'lrtti dtl'Ktat- 
Major, or Ordnance Mape oflbe War Orfice. One lerlei of theaa la 
on a arale of I 60,000, and Includes 27S Bbeets, ea<^b 'i'/l ft. l^ne *nd 
li/jft.wide, while another, reduced from the abote, <> on a icele of 
1 : 320,000 md consUli or 33 iheels (1 for 16 or the othera) or '27 
fotFruiice proper. These may be bad either engraeecl on iteol (lift, 
per aheet} or Itlbogiapbed (50 c). Tbo engcaved maps are voi^ 
tiderably clearer in the moantalnous regioot, but (he IHhograpbt ' 
are good enough for ordinaty me. The larger eoale map is dUo liBued 
tu qnarler aheete [1 (t. engraved; 30 c. lithugraphi'dj , wIlIiOj are 
iiiteniind ultimately to atiperBede th« larger sheelB. 

Ae, however, these nisps were executed entirely In black and 
were, beiideB, becoming antiquated, the War Onlce has undertaken 
Iwu new seriee, which are printed in Qto coloura, one on a scale of 
1 60,000 (not now sold to the public) and one on a scale at 
1 : 200,000. Tbe ibueta of (he latter (IV: fr. each) aie 2ji/t '"- looB 
and IQ In. wide, and each i^urre»|iDnda lo taut of tbe llrai-men- 
tloncd map. i 

Other mape (all in aeveral i-.uloure) ue thoae iteued by the Min- 
istry of tbe Interior In 1891-94 (1 : 100,000] 80 <:. pet tbeet), by Ab 
Mlniatry of Public Works (1 ;'2lXI,0OO; 40 c per abeell, ihowing the 
eleiallona, and by [he Udpfit dee FurtUlcatlonB (1 : 600,000; l>/i fr. I 
per slieet). i 

All these niapa may be obtained in ihe chief lourlBt-resorla, but 
it ii adviiable to procure them In advance. Tbe fulluwliig ehopB In 
I'aris have always a full supply on hand: Harteit, RueduBac4; 
Jtaudaia, Bna et Passage Uauphine 30. 

Th« ctlklOH"' or ihs Ber.iea Of0(taplilqiie da I'Annii-u (Ifr.J eanlaipf 
tK^yi'Iasa ul lli mapi, locludlsg Qiao IboH of Algirla, Tunti, and AMM 
mufrtUy (j.aru told lepantely lOe-i Alwrla and Tur.r.. 16t>,. Bintrtfa 
cuuilugua Untit) hu ket-nlans of lie i.VO,aM. i ■.■XKiW- and limoOB 
Diapl; and k>r-pltnt \>l \\<t I;ia0,(100 ntan iDsy b<' olitafncd at Hielielje'I, 
Uuo 8o.irUi.l'l5."""° ' "" ° "'■" '"' " ""P « faef" , 


li'-'MifW^i kin, 




• •■ .:•• VOSGES. 

1. From Calais to Amiens u^A Paris 3 

I. From Calais to Ami0hf\,- , 6 

a. Yi& Boulogne and A\)>;evMle 6 

From Calais to Dunkirk, 6. <- From Boulogne to St. 
Omer, 10. — From Boulogno to Arras, 10. — From Rang- 

du - Fliers -Verton to Berck", il.' -*r From Noyelles to 
St. Valery-sur-Somme ; to Le <3rotojr, 11, 12. — From 
Abbeville to B^thune; to Domplewe-slir-AutiiieCCr^cy), 
13 i to Eu, 14. — From' LongpVf^ to Le Tr^port •, to 
Canaples, 15. ,«* 

b. Via Hazebrouck and Arras . . . .•' 15 

From Watten to Gravelines, 15. — From Berguette to 

St. Omer , 17. — From Hazebrouck to Ypsreij'^ tc Hond- 
schoote, 17. 18. — From Bully- Grenay to^ptiw; to 
Violaines, 18. — From Lens to Armentiferes; tdjiber- 
court, 18. — From Arras to Doullens. Fron^'Achiet 
to Marcoing via Bapaume, 21. • ' * ^ 

c. Yia Anvin, St. Pol, Fr^vent, and Doullens. V .•'•22 

II. From Amiens to Paris ..^''^i 

a.ViaCreil : 5^' 

From St. Just to La-Rue-Saint-Pierre and to Beauvais, 24. ' 
— From Clermont to Beauvais j to Compifegne, 25. 

b. Via Beauvais 26 

2. Amiens 26 

From Amiens to Rouen; to Beaucamp-Ie-Vieux, 31. 

3. From Paris to Beauvais and Le Tr^port (Mers) ... 31 
I. From Paris to Beauvais 31 

a. Via Montsoult and Beaumont 31 

From Beaumont to Creil; to Hermes, 32. 

b. Via Chantilly and Creil 32 

From Beauvais to Gournay, 35. — From Beauvais to 
Gisors, 36. 

II. From Beauvais to Lo Tr^port 36 

From Eu to Ault and Onival, 37. 

4. From Dieppe to Paris 38 

a. Via Rouen 41 

I. From Dieppe to Rouen 41 

From Dieppe to St. Valery-en-Caux and Cany •, to Le 
Tr^port, 41. 

II. From Rouen to Paris 41 

From St. Pierre-en -Vauvray to Les Andelys, 42. — 
From Vernon to Gisors-, to Pacy-sur-Eure, 43. 

b. Vi& Gisors and Pontoise >5i 

From Gisors to Pont-de-VAtclie, ^1. 

5. Bouen • • 

Baedeker's NoHhern France. 3rd ^AU. 


I at Ban 
■a by the 

ni Chsrlree, W, ' 

6. From Lc Havre to Parle yii Roueu , . 60 

8Le. AdresBa, From Le HaTn to EtKiat 4iid F^cajno, 
64. — Ffom Brc&ul^-Beqseynie to LUleHoiiBe (Tuur- 
vllle), Si. ~ Fcom MotMvllle Id Cl<>nu and to Mimt^- 
rollei~Bnchr, 65. — Fiom BBraotlti la CsadabBO, 6G. 

7. W&tBTing'Places betwBBTi Dle^a and Le Hsvib . . . 
I. From Ronen (Paris] to St. Yalery-en-Caus and to 

Veules '. 

II. FioiQ Rouen(Far!s).iuVeulettea. Les Petl tea Dalles 6G 

m. From Rouen (PsHsj to Ficamp "" 

TaJmnnl. Fr{iio Fecamp to ElretiLtf GO. 

IV. FromKouoiiffaris) to Etretat 

Tpurt; Vaueottea, US. — From Gtrelal lu Le Hmre, 71. 

8. From Palis to* Cambiai 71 

a. Vi4 Oratl, St. Queiitin, and Busigny 

b. Vii Cteili St. Jnst, and PSronne 71 

ftaat- Montdidier to Albepl, 72. - From Cmnhrai to 
Biiudi to Bavay (D"Ur), 71. 

9. Fran Xmiene to Ansa, Coual, and ValeaciennBB . . 
.'■ ' FrODiSanaitoOrchiesuidToaniBl; toPon(-k-lUFgq,78. 

: ' and E-icarsioas neAr Valenctcnnv, 62. — From Valen- 
cieooes la HaabeoEe; to Hong, 8^. 

10. From Airaa fParia) to Dunkirk 

From Bflrpies to Hondaclo^ta, 83. — Mala-leB-Biinj. 
From Dunliirk lo Farnea, BB. 

11. Fiom Doaai and Valenciennes to LIUb and CouHrai . 
I. From Donai lo Lille 

11, From Valenciennes to Lille 

From St. Amand to Blanc-Miiteron ; to Tournai, BT. 

III. From Lille to Conitrsi 

From Tonrcolng lo Henin, 88. 

12. Lille 

From LillB to Tournaij lo B^lhnne; to Tprei, 97. 

13. From Calais to OliSionB-Eur-MarnB (Bale) Ti4 Amien^ 

Laon, and Kheims 

14. Fiom Caldl to Nani^y (Stiaesbnig] rii Lille, Talen- 

ciennes, HiisDD, and Loiiguyon 9B 

. From Paris to Namur (Ltige, Cologne) 100 

a. Vi& St. Qnentin and Maubenge (Mons-Btuaseis) . . 100 
From CliBnlilly lo Ortpy-M " '-■- "" " 

plegae to Borai to Si^suiui Ut YiUf 
Herre/bnds ; to CHpy-en-Valoii-, lo tonicat, ViJl, «»- 
J^fom Claunj to laun vll Coar.T-l"-^^''^™' ^**- 
froa, SI. Quentin to GnlaSi to Eo"- •« - "■ 
Be.'igny loltiisau, 106. — Troin 1.bI 

04.— \ 

ilill ' 

S 108. - 
in, 107, 


11 (BrnS- 

1>. VU Snlaaans, Laou, ! 

FromABt.rtDPrumodlrii. lOB. - From Lnou tuLlarli 

(n Vilenclennei, 11D. 
t'.. ViS Soigsoas, Rheims, xud Mezi^caB 1 

Hanttaerm^ nni iU Bnrlron^; tlia VBller of Ihe SnmuT, 

lia. — From Kovin to Eocroi, 113. — From DipMl to 

m. Fcom PtiriB to RhelmB . .' 1 

B. Via Meaux anil La Forttf-Milon 1 

b. Via SoiBBonB 1 

B. Vil Epernty 1 

17. BteimB 1 

18. From Paris to Met7 1 

■. Vii Ch&lons anil Fiouard 1 

From Pompoj lo Nomenj, 133. 

b. Vii Ohilona and Verdan 1 

From Conflans-Ji.rny to Brley i lo Homilcourt-.TfEnr. 128. 

0. Vii Ebeims and Veidun 1 

d. ya RheimB and Mdzierei-Chuletille 1 

Fnim BaisDCOart to CliallsrBnge, 171. — Fmm Aina«ne- 
tunqny to BOYigny. Apremont, 127, — From Sedan 
la Bonillnoi to L^rOBYill. (Hnicj], 131.— From Kont- 
toSdr lo Tirtnn, 132, — From LonguTon to Lujembonrr, 
102. — Ftodi Looeurnn to Hancr, 133. — BaltlellBldB at 
Mtli, 135, - From MsU to Strsjaboi?, 136. 

19. From Paris to Nancy (Straaelmrg) 1 

1. From Patla to ChUena-ailr- Maine 1 

From Eoady lo AulBsy-lis-Bondy, 138. — Frum Li^oy 
to Vlllenanne-le-Comle Joaarre, 137. ~ From ChiitMn- 
Thierrj' to KamlUy, 138. — From Sfemty to LaFf^ce- 
CbBojpanolse {BomiJlj), 139. 

II, From ChslonB-aur-.Marne to Nancy 1 

PramVitrT-le-Fc>oco<ilDJes9BiDa,U2, — FromBcviEDy 
tDSt.Diiior-, toHdronyillsi to iVlaacoucL etc,,113.~ 
From BbMo-Duc to CI«riDonl-ea-ArEOBiu, lU. 

aO. Nancy 1 

' From Nanr.y toChilaaii-Salina IVicj Saa^emflndl, 162. 

, From Calais to Amisna and Faria. 

II (faiea 3a h. 15, .1 

aZai*. - SlatioB.. (?afa*«- JTortHme fPl. C,^, loi 
'Sr^S' «»2,C"'rofc (Pl_ B, B), for all Vi>,\m 

Hsteli. Gbakd Hotel, Piace Bicbelieu (Fl. B, 1), new, B. t'/x d4j. Vh, 
D. 3rr,> Ibbhinds, at the Gue Unritims; Suvm-miBL, at the Otn 
Oenlrale ; DB Flabdbe, Bne I.eTeui (Fl. B, 1); Dessik, Bus Aratral-Com^ 
liEt6 (Fl. 0,3)1 DUSiDTAOK,KDede Oulee 33; os ComiucE, Btie Roynle SI 
{Fl. B, l)i i>s LoHDSEa, Bne de lo Cloche 7 {PI. B, 3). — Oafii. Bellfut, 
'- ■" -« 0Ie6(, FlacB d'Armos; OranJ C^i, >l Bt. Pierre, cimcr of 


Qlenrd Jic. 

>t & Tale graph Offlcei, PUce Blcbellco (Ctla 

, fl,0,6). 

Oabi. Per drive, 1-3 pera. 90 c, S jeri. 1 fr. 20, i pen 
per hour, li/i, a, or aVtfr.! doubie lire after V - - 

TruBwiyi. L Fiam the J'/an (T Jma (Fl. B 
(PI, B,0). 2. F " ■ - - — 

Fl. B, (l'B)'to the P. 
(Fl. C, B, 6) to (he I 

nitfa (Fl, B, -V). i. Vrom the fVml SI FUrrt (PI. E, 6) lo uie cau. o.. rwrra 
(comp. Fl. ^, S). G. From Ihe Fiaa SAraa (PI. B, C, 3) to Ihe CnMno (lu- 
bkUiii i PI. A, B, 2), in the season. Fares, 10-15 c. — A Iramirar tieo nms 
from Calais to flitfiiM, via Fonl-du-Leu, Coulogne, lEcluae-Cam>e, ud 
BSDC-Valala (p. aa^ fares IS-flO c.). 

Staambsat lo Sonr (tbr LDndoD, p. xlil), tbrioe daU>i faree lafr. IS, 
lU fr. BO fr. 

Britiib Osnsnl, 0. A. Fatlon, E>q.; Tice-ConsDl , E. B. MooKJtelil, Eiq. 
— U. B. Osninl, G. W. Slmtiri, EiJ. 

XigUah Ohurcb (HolyTnalit). Bue dn Koulln-Braie [Fl. C,6)^ miniater, 
Rtr. if. B. Ciaifri, U. A. — lr<i[<»an Chawi, Rue dn Temple. Servlcn 
st both at 11a.m. and H.SOp.m, 

Calais, a town witb !^6,940 iohab,, iaclndlng St. Pletrc^lSs- 
Galaie, and a fortresi of the Bret cUea, derlirBs Its chief impoituiee 
its harboui and its traffic wit1> England, to whkli it ii the 
nearest poit on the Fceuch coast. The chalk clltTs and naftle of 
Dovei, 18 M. distant, sae yielble in clear weather. About 260,000 
TsvelleiB paaB throHgb the town aUDiially \ and in addition there \% 
I brisk trade In timber, coal, etc. Calais contains 1500 English 
residentB, chiefly engaged in its InllB-roannfftctoriBB^p. 5). 

Cnlais played a ptominonl pntt In Ibe early wars hel»een Franca and 
igland. Its bniboorwai'tberendeEvoue for the fleet of tbeDauphla Loula, 


id bad he. 

1 Bngli 

King Jo 

ckaded Ihe 

lown by land and 

nd Btarved it into km 

a deaparate 



roWe cili 


oold pU™ tbemselve!. 

shirts and 


1 was only 

by Ibe oreont ioler 

ofbiB itueeo, Philipp 




ad waa™ 



de St 

Pierre. Calais remii 

nds or Iha 

EneDab tor (wo bu 
beoame an importa 


ears. In apite of maay 
ofBneilshtr«leM. 1 




wilb 30,00(1 men 


Uie small Engliah 


(»W men) 




of England 

fell lb a 

lose of the 

me 'CaW,- 

would b 

_toiina engi 

on her heart after her a 

aalb. In 


Hary Stiurl 

1811 L 

onis XVm. 


to bis kinedcm. The Spaniarili 



but the trualj ot Yen 



(a France 


The Harbour, which is soeeBBiWe at. aw i\&te» ul 'CaB '.\i(i, 
been mora (ftan doubled in slie by eiteniVie »«.■« ^oi^R, ^w- 
""■"leted aia cost of !2,4OO,0OO(. The Old Harl)onT,-«\v>vVR'*-l 

to Amiens. CALAIS. 1, Route, 5 

railway-station, lies nearest to the Place d'Armes; the imposing 
*New Harbour farther to the E. The new Oare Maritime (PI, 0, 2), 
or Maritime Station ^ where passengers from England find the train 
for Paris waiting, is situated on the N.E. side of the Avant-Port 
(PI. B, 0, 2), and is connected by a short branch-line skirting the 
new harbour with the Oare CentraU (see below). 

The old Hotel de Ville (PI. B, C, 3), in the Place d'Armes, the 
centre of the old town, was erected in 1740 on the site of a former 
building of which the tower still remains (15th cent.). It is adorned 
with bronze busts (1636) of the Due de Guise, *lib^rateur de Calais en 
1558', and Richelieu, the founder of the citadel in 1634. On the bal- 
cony is a bust of Eustache de St. Pierre. The H6tel de Yille contains 
a small Musie (paintings, antiquities, natural history, etc.) ; open 10 
to 4 or 5 on Tues., Thurs., Sat., Sun., and holidays. — To the left 
is a massive square Watch Tower, the foundation of which is 
referred to 810, and which was used as a lighthouse until 1848. 

The church of Notre-Dame (PI. C, 4), approached by the street 
of the same name leading to the E. from the Place d'Armes, was 
almost completely rebuilt during the English occupation of the 
town, and it has undergone considerable renoYation since 1866. 
The N. side is partly concealed by a reservoir; the spire is un- 
pleasing. The high -altar, with a fine reredos in Italian marble 
(1624-28), decorated with statues, high reliefs, and an Assumption 
by Seghers, the iron choir-screen, and a Descent from the Cross by 
Rubens (?), in the left transept, are the chief objects of interest 
in the interior. 

At the end of the Rue de Guise, which begins to the left of the 
H6tel de Ville, is the Hotel de Guise (PI. B, 0, 4), in the English 
Tudor style, originally founded by Edward III. as a guildhouse for 
the woolstaplers , and presented to the Duke of Guise after his 
capture of the town. The Place Richelieu leads hence towards the 
Gare Centrale, passing the Jardin Richelieu (PL 0, 4), in which a 
Monument to Mustache de St, Pierre and his Companions (p. 4), by 
Rodin, was erected in 1895. On the opposite side of the street is 
the Hdtel des Posies, with the Public Library (20,000 vols.) on the 

first floor (open daily, except Sun., 10-1 and 4-9; closed in Sept.). 

The Sea-Bathing Establishment (PI. A, B, 2) ia situated beyond the ol«l 
harbour. When the tide is out the water is very shallow for a lonj? 
distance from the shore. 

The Gare Centrale (PI. B, 5), or principal railway-station, lies 
between Calais proper and St. Pierre, and has approaches from 
both. Near it, on the St. Pierre side, are a pretty Park and the 
Place Centrale (PI. C, 5), in which a new Hotel de Ville is to b(^ 

St. Pierrb-lbs- Calais is the industrial and commercial part of 
Calais. Its prosperity is due chiefly to its extensive ra.a.^\\l'«k.^^»^^^ 
of tulle and lace, an industry which was iwtto^MC.^^ ^^^^^^^S^K^ 
kam in 1818. The Church of St. Pierre (y\.I> ,'^^, \iv^\^ ^^>^ '^^^^' ^ 

Route 1 . BOULOONE-SUR-MER. Frmn Cbtafe 

in the style of the 13th cent., and the HOUl de ViUe (185&-64) tn 
both situated in the Place Cr^vecoBur. The Church of i&« Saered 
Heart (PI. B, 6) is a Gothic charch of still more recent date. 

From Calais to Duskibk, 29 M.. railway in l-l>/s lir* (fai«a 6 fir. 9fi, 
3 fr. 55, 2 fr. 30 c. ). This branch skirta Uii' town on the B. and 8.B., 
passing the subarlmn stations of Fontinettet and St. JHtrre. TIm dlatiict 
traversed is flat and intersected by canal.4. ^ 10 M. ChraTeUaes fCMhM 
IlOtel; des Mestageries; du Citnmerce), an uninterestini; town with 0000 ia- 
Lab.. is strongly fortified and hax a port on the Ja, near its embouchure in 
the Korth Sea. In the middle ages it belon<!e(l to the Counts of FUmdem. 
In 1568 the French were defeated on the sands of Oravelines bry the 
Spaniards under Egniont, who was assisted by the broadsides of an BngUah 
lleet of ten sail; bat exactly one hundred years later the town waj finally 
joined to France. The Spanish Armada wan defeated and put to flight by 
the English fleet in 1588 oiT Gravel ines. A large qunntity uf egn and nimilar 
produce is annually shipped to England from this port. — IS'/i M. ib«r- 
bourg is the junction for the line from Watten to Qravelines (p. 10). Si M. 
Loon-JHage is an unpretending bathing-place. — At (28 M.) Co«det§rq»tt- 
Branehe our line coalesces with the line from Hnzcbrouck (p. 17). — 39 M. 
Dunkirk, see p. 83. 

I. From Galaia to Amiena. 
a. VIA Bonlogne and AbbeTiUe. 

1(^2 M. (l()3>/4 H. from the Oare MariUme). IUilwat in 2^>7a hn. 
(fares 18 fr. CO, 12 fr. 50, 8 fr. 15 c; or 18 fr. 90, 12 fr. 80, 8 iV. 80 c). — 
Krom Boulogne to Amiens, 76V2 M., in 1V4-3V4 hr.x. (fares 14 fr., 9 fr. 35, 
(i fr. 10 c). 

After leaving Calais we pass (IV4M.) Les Fontinettes t^ndiiy^M.') 
St. Pierre (see above), with its handsome tower, beyond which di- 
verges the line to Aiivin (p. 22). — 4^2 ^^- I'^ethun. — As the train 
approaches (10 M.) Caffiers, we enjoy a flue view to the left. — 
1572 ^* Marquise (Grand Cerfj, a small town with important iron 
foundries and marble-quarries, is situated in the *Valltfe Heurease*, 
a favourite point for excursions from Boulogne. 

About 51/2 M. and 7 M. to the W. are the small sea-baths of AmM*' 
teuse and Audreuelle$, at the former of which James II. landed in 1688 om 
bis flight from England. About 6Vs M. t) the N. lies Wu*a$U (Hdtel des 
Bains), another small sea-bathing placo, between Cap Gris-Kea and Cap 

2172 M* VV/mi7ic- Wimertux. At \Vimereiix(^Il6tel de laManche; 
des Bains ; sea-baths) is a ruined harbour, excavated in 1803 at 
Napoleon I.'s orders. — Tlie train now comes in sight of the Oolonne 
dc la Grande Arm^e, marking the situation of Napoleon's camp 
(p. 10). Beyond a tunnel, V2 M. long, we enter the station of — 

25V2 M* Boulogne-TinteUtries (see below"), where passengers to 
Boulogne by through - trains to and from Amiens alight. Other 
trains pass through another tunnel, cross the Liane by means of a 
curved viaduct, and enter the Grande Gare of — 

25 V2 ^' Boulogne-SOr-Mer. — Stotions. Grande G'ors (PI. D, B, 4), 
or central station, on the lefl bank of the Liane, near the Arrl^iti Porti 
OareHariHme (PI. P, 2), a little to theli^., iot lh(^ lS.Ti%\i«\i \.t«.{&«i, B<ml9gn§' 
T/nieileriet (PI. Ff 2), for the express Uaina ^jelwetn. C«^»:l^ «aA1(«r\». 
SotelM. Xear the baths: Hotel de* Bxwh t»\s. ^\v.u V'PX. ^.s^^^Vs^"^* 
^ /r.; Sovtu-EabtBHS Hotkl (PI. it-, 1), i), etAaryjedi \u ^^Rr\\ ^v. \.ft.Vi.Mia 

"■ Bout* I. BOt'LOGSE-SUB-MEB. 

in the tijle of the 13tb cenl., and tie B6ltt de CiUc (i8 
t«th lilualeid in the Place Cr^Tei^tEnt. The OmrA of IktU 
Htart (PI. B, 6) u a Gotlii« chaTcb of idll n - . 

Fuw Cjun 10 DnuM, 39 ■„ i»Uw»t in . _ , , _, 

3tr. B6,ib. 3U c.i. TliiJ brucli ildru the ioi>nn on ibe S^a^^ 

InTowd it flat and imlam 


LaD . it ttronlil fo 
Uic 5<trtli Su ■- 

teLonged lo the Ci 

_._._.. .n the Band3 of IjraTBllmca by -Q 

flpaBlarda nndcr Epnanl, who wu aaelitfd bj (he broadtidE* ol an BntU 
II«i ot ten Mil-, bill eiacilr one hundrgd je^rs Utei the tawn wai Sully 
UAtini 10 Vaate. The Spuiab Annida trs! d^ruLed and pot lo Blghl bt 
(he BnElllh flesi in l!i»t iiffOrareUna. A largf qmnlilT orc-ga and (iuiln 

" ■ ! fiam this port. — IS'fc M. Baut^ 

n lor uie iinn imm WatUn lo Graveline. Ip. 16). Si «. 
i^gn-j-i^e ■■ au uDpreLendinf batbing- place- — At (23 H-) Conildtavv*- 
flraie»< onr llM eoaJciCM -iih ihe line from Hmchmudi ip. 171. — SBJl. 

I. Trom Calaia to Amiens. 

a. YU Boulo^e and Abbsville. 

102 H. (lie>/i H. rrum tbe Gare Msrfllme). Kailwat tn Mi'/> lin. 
((■nil ISrr. ISO, 13 fr. 5fi, 8 fr. 15 c.i or IS (r. fiU, 19 (r. SO, 8 fr. 30 cl. — 
Km>» Bou10(b« to Amieni, T61/1 M., in I'MV. br.. (fares li fr., 9 fr. 36, 
(1 fr. IDt). 

Si. Pierre [sm above^, «ith its tundsoms tover, beyond whioh di- 
verge* tLe line to Anvia (ji, 22). — I'/gM, FreOmn. — Aa tbe train 
upptoaohei (_10 M.) Caffien, we enjoy a flue view lo the left. — 
l!>'/iH.1ttTii-niie(GTa.nd CerfJ, a «mill lonn with important lion 
foundries and maiblB-quiirieB, is aituatedin tbe 'Valine Ueiiiease', 
a faToiirito point for encurglnns from Bonlogae. 

About 6'lt X. and T If. la the W. are Ibe imall lea-Iiitlhs of Jntfo- 
Inai and AudrttKlIu, at [be former of wblcb Jamee II. landed in 1B8» on 
hli eigbl from England. About fi'/i H- t" 'be S. lies iruionl (BOIel d« 
Balntl. annlher imall sen-baihing place, beiweon Cap firi.i-NBt and 0»p 

21'/iM. WlmUie-Wimernii. At WimeraiiUHfitel deU-ManoIie; 
dea Biino; aea-batba) is ■ ruined harbour, eiesvated in 1803 at 
NHpDieon I. 'a orders. — The train now oomea Iti sight of the Oulonna 
iln la Grande Atm^e, marking the aLtuation of Napoleon'a camp 
Ip. 10). Beyond a tunnel, Vs M, long, we enter the station of — 

25'/] M. Hotdognc-TlnlcUerie! (eee below), wlieie paesengeta to 
KniitngliB by through -tmins lo and from Amiens alight. Other 
train* paas through another tnnnel, cross (be Lianc by means of a 
iiiirred viaduct, and enter the Qrandc liare of- — 

^in 1^. BoalOgne-tta-V.tit. — Btation», Qrmae QartlJY.T) ,■&,«!. 
"/• cealrmt I'aUoB, '<n IJie left bank of tlie Liane, ncm v\ie ^.ttAit, -Bortv 
w m- O, 2). a lilUe lo the K„ tor the EntUs^ itat&o^ Bo^ofl»v 


Jw m. F, 3), I 

I ^DTa-EAaTSKH HotkKPJ. i; 1>, 1), eoUr 

toAmims, BOULOGNE-SUR-MER. 1. Route, 7 

(PI. ft; D, 1)5 DE LA Marine (PI. h; D, 2), all in the Boul. Ste. Beuve ; 
i>« FoLKKSTONE (PI. c; D, 2), Quai Gambetta 74; dk Paris (PI. d? D, 2), 
H6t. Windsor (PI. e; D, 2), Quai Gambetta (Nos. 66 & 62); Bbrrt, Bue 
de Boston 90, at the end next the douane (PI. D, 2). — In the town: 
HdrsL DBS Bains et de Bellevlk (F1. f; E, 3), Quai Gambetta and Bue 
Victor Hugo 69, B. 3-6, L. & A. I72, B. IVi, d^j. 3V«, 1>. 5, pens. 8-15 fr. ; 
Ghristol (PI. g ; £, 3j, Place Frederic Sauvage 14, near the station ; Msu- 
wci BT DB l'Univers (PI. i, k ; E, 2-3), Bue Victor Hugo (Nos. 26 & 35), B. 2-5, 
P«ii8. 10-19, omn. V* fr» (Jontinestal (PI. m; B. 3j, Bue Victor Hugo 25; 
DO LouvBB (PI. n; D, 3), near the railway-station; British Hotel (PI. I; 
B) 3), Bae Faidherbe 27, etc. There are also numerous Maiions Mevblies^ 
^^ntiont, and furnished apartments. 

Bastanrants. Casino^ d<fj. 4, D. 5 fr. ; Bdtel de Flandre^ Quai Gam- 
betta 62, d^j. 2, D. 2V2 fr.; Hdtel du Port, Quai Gambetta 34, d^j. SVa. D- 
8 fr.; others in the Bue Monsigny, near the theatre^ also at the above- 
nameid hotels and at the railway-stations. 

Oafis. Or. Cafi de Boulogne^ Continental, Bue Adolphe Thiers 63 and 
"8; others in the Bue Monsigny, etc. 

Oabs. From 6 a.m. to midnight, per drive I'/a fr., per hour 2 fr.: from 
Bidnight to 6 a.m. 2 fr. and 2V2 fr. ; outside the town, per hour 2v2 fr. 

Tramway to theEtablissement des Bains from the Coin-Menteur (PI. K,3) 
10 c, from the Place Dalton (PI. F, 3) 15 c. 

Steamboat to Folkestone (for London, see p. xiii), twice daily; fares 
'bout 12 fr. 60, 10 fr. 10c. — Excursion steamer.>< on Sun. and holidays in 
aiu&mer, 75 c. for trip of 1 hour. 

Bathing Establishment on the beach on the right bank of the Liane 
vP* 8). Sea-bath, ind. machine, 1 fr. -, bath in the swimming-bath 50 c. ; 
J^ibscription for 12 baths 9 fr. or 5V2 fr.; ladies' bathing costumes 25c., 
^*wers 16 c., peignoirs 10 or 25 c., towel 5 or 10 c. — Hot Baths, 1 fr. 

OaaiBO. Aomission, per day 1 fr., week 10, fortnight 17, month 29 fr.; 
5^Uble tickets 19, 32, or 54 fr., etc. Adm. to Theatre, 4 fr. Subscription 
}5 Jboth (16 theatrical performances), 22, 39, or 67 fr. ; double ticket 39, 67, 
**■* fr.; etc. See the gratuitous '(Juide Programme'. 
Golf Links (18 holes) at Mayville. 

Post ft Telegraph Offices (PI. K, 3), Bue du Pot-d'Etain 12. 
g Britiah Vice-Oonsul, H. F. Farmer^ Esq., Bue Wissoc(i 14. —American 
"**iUiil, «Pot/J Moleux, Bue de la Gare 8. — Bankers. Banqtte de France, 
5J*« Victor Hugo 46; Sociiti Ginirale, Bae Faidherbe 73; Adamib Co., Bue 
^«Ctor Hugo 6 (also Lloyd's agents). — Metridew's Library, Bue Victor 


vf Bhyaicians. Dr. Carr , Rue Faidherbe 69; Dr. Philip, Rue Victor 
*^8038j/)r. Docker, homeopath, Rue Slarignan 13. — Dentists. Mr. Hill- 
p^n, Bue Ad. Thiers 29; Mr. Manton, Grande Rue 14; Mr. McConaghy, 
"■^^ Victor Hugo 44. 

]>■ BagUah Ohurohes. Holy Trinity, Bue de la Lampe ; Rev. James Wilson, 
tL -A. ; seryices at 11 and 7.30. — St. John's, Rue des Vieillards ; Rev. W. 
J • King Ormsby. — New Wesleyan Methodist Church, Grande Bue 70 ; Bev. 
* Raskin; seryices at 11 and 7. 

Boutogne-sur-Mer, so called to distinguish it from Boulogne-sur- 

°®Uie near Paris, the Bononia (?) or Gessoriacum of the Romans, is 

: *^ important seaport and commercial town, situated on the Liane, 

* ^ith a population of 46,800, of whom over 1000 are English resi- 

^*Jlt». Its numerous schools enjoy a high reputation. Boulogne is 

' *>* important herring-port and exports large quantities of salted 

1 ^•k; and it is the chief centre in France for the manufacture of 

' •teel pens, introduced from England in 184^. TVv^ Xa^wN-'a. ^Wvi^'fe.^ 

*nto the Haute ViUe, or old to^u o\\ 1\\^ V^\%\v\. \.q IV^ ^-^ ''^^^ 


8 Route I. BOULOGNE-SUR-MEK. ffllHHB^^* 

ihs much largiir Bntie VUie, including tlie liarbour. Ttie part of the 
Basse Yille oo the left or W. bank of the Liaue, on which U the 
principal raliwiy-station faee below] , ia known es Capicure. Its 
iihuidh of at, VincerU-de-Faul (PI. D, 4, 5) is a moilein Gothio ediflee 
in the style of tlie 13th century. 

The HarbOMT, espenially the E. part near the Douane (PL D, 2], 
pieaentj a very buiy aoene. Boulogne stands next to MaTseilleB, La 
ilayre, and Bordeani among tha seaports of France. Its coQunoroial 
ImpDitanoe ia inoieasing, and in I8T9 extensive opeiationa weia 
hogua with the view of eiilaiging the port, but their uompletlon 
has been deterred owing to the lack of fnnds. Within the port new 
stone quays have been bnilt and the harbour deepened to enable 
vesaela to arrive and start at low water. The Batain 3 jJot, a large 
semidrcuUr basin on the left bank of tbe Liane, was oouatmcted by 
Napoleon to accommodate the Sotilla which waa to convey hii tioapi 
tn Euglsud (see p. 10% The BuilcJtn^ Slipi and the Batta-its defend- 
ing tha entranfie to the harbonr are both situated on the W. bank. * 
The West Fier stretches into the aei for a diatance of 765 yds. 

The Qart Maritime (PI. D, 2), on the quay of the FolkeHtone 
Eteamers (p. 7), is connected with the principal Railway aiation 
I PI. D, E, 4) by a sbort branch-line. On the right bank of the 
Liane, Immediately beyond the Pont Mar^tt (PI. E, 3), is a bronte 
statue, by Lafrance, of Ft(d(ric Sauvage (P1,E,3), wlvo was among 
the Hnt to use screw propellers for ateamboats. — Thence the Quai 
Qamleita leada to the N. to the HalU (PI. E, 3], in the smaU squue 
adjoining which is a etatne of Edward Jenner (1749-1823), the dis- 
coverer of vaccination, by Eug. Paul. 

The FUh MarkU Is lield e&rly in the monlne Id Ibe MalU (PI. B, 3). 
Tbe llsbenaen and tbeir rnmilies occupy a aepnnta qaailer ('la Baarrtere') 
on tbo W. Bids of the town, and form one-tenlU of tlie population. They 
imrtly adhere to lliB pictarasque costume of their inoeatDra, and thej differ 
Bomewbal in oharacter and customs from Ltie nther inhabltsnl; of the town. 

Farther along the busy quay is the Dauane (PI. D, 2), or custom 
bouse, near which is a largo salt-warehouse. 

The "Etablisstmtnt de Bairn, with its Garden and handsome 
Casino (PI. D, 1, 2), occupies the rest of the space between tbe 
E, Pier and the cliffs. The garden is open to visitors, but non- 
Bubsctlbere pay 20 o, for admlasion on concert-days (aubacilp., 
SOB p. 7). The beach is sandy and very hot in aommer. Tha 
Etablissement contatne a swimming-bath Cur use when the sea is 
too rough for bathing. ^ The foot of the cliffs, beyond the casino, 
is skirted by the BouUvard Sic, Btusc, named tn honour of tlis 
eminent critic (1819-56), who was born at Boiilogne. 

Tbe JEott PitT, or Jttce de I'Eit (PI. B, C, 1, 2), which extendi 

'}60 yds. into tbe sea, Is a favourite pTOmenaAa, 6i^<,\ii\Vi tXViffi. 

Hilt), irion (iesteaDiera enter or leivetba tort, siiioiv' 

"Vs In clear wmtbei the SoulU ¥oiB\ani Wghw » 

'o/Fing tx-hite and reJ liesht to tbe N. ».t Ca.? ^r**- 

to Amiens. BOULOGNE-SUR-MER. 1. Route, 9 

stinct. — On the cliff is the ruined Tour cfOdre ('Turris ardens'; 
PI. D, 1), a Roman beacon-tower, built under Caligula in 40 A. D. 
— The modern Gothic church of 8t. Pierre-des-Marins (PI. E, 2), 
with a lofty spire, is in the style of the 14th century. 

We now retrace our steps to yisit the town. The Rue Victor 
Hugo (PI. E, 3), running almost parallel with the harbour, and its 
continuation, the Rue Nationale^ contain the principal shops. The 
Rue Adohphe Thiers, running parallel to the Rue Victor Hugo, begins 
at the Place Dalton (PI. F, 3), in which rises the church of 8t; 
Nicholas, of the 17-18th centuries. The Orande Rue ascends from 
this point to the Haute Ville. 

The Museum (PI. F, 3), in the Grande Rue, contains ethnograph- 
ical and historical collections, some Egyptian antiquities, and a few 
pictures (open in summer daily, except Tues., 11-4; in winter on 
Sun., Wed., Thurs., and Sat.). The Public Library, on the second 
floor, contains 55,000 vols, and 300 MSS. (open daily, except 
Frid., 10-4). 

At the top of the Grande Rue, on the left, is the Sous^PrSfecture 
(PI. F, 3), the pretty Square in front of which is adorned with a 
colossal bust of Henri II., by David, commemorating the restoration 
of the town to France by the English in the reign of that monarch 
(1650). In the Boulevard Mariette, farther on, is a bronze statue of 
Aug. Mariette (PI. G, 2), the eminent Egyptologist, who was a native 
of Boulogne (1821-81), by Jacquemart. A little to the N. is a public 
park known as Les Tintelleries (PI. F, 2), where concerts are given 
in summer. A monument in this park, by Thomas, commemorates 
the first successful balloon-voyage from France to England, achieved 
in 1886 by Fr.Lhoste. Close by is the Boulogne -Tintelleries Station 
(p. 6) on the line to Calais. 

The Haute Villb (PL E, G, 2, 3) is enclosed by ramparts, dating 
from the 13th cent., 4S0yds. long, 350yds. broad, and flanked with 
round turrets, 55 ft. high. Of its four gateways, the Port* dc« Danes, 
the Porte Oayole, and the Porte de Calais, are still extant, and the 
S.W. gate has also been re-opened for foot-passengers. — We enter 
by the Porte des Dunes, flanked by two massive round towers, within 
which, to the left, are situated the modem PoZais de Justice (PI. F, 3) 
and (a little farther on) the Hotel de Ville (PI. G, 3), erected in 1734 
on the site of an ancient castle, where the crusader Godfrey de Bouil- 
lon was born in 1065. 

In the Rue de Lille, which leads from the H6tel de Ville to the 
Porte de Calais, is the Cathedral of Notre-Dame (¥h G, 2), a building 
in the degraded Italian style, erected in 1827 -d6 on the site of a 
Gothic church which was" destroyed in 1793. The lantern sur- 
mounting the dome is crowned with a colossal statue of the Virgin, 
which forms the most conspicuous point in the whole town. Ex- 
tensive *View, comprising the 'dunes', theplatea.\ittv««t.%^^V^^'^'^ 
railway to Calais, in the foreground ^ai^oVeoiC^ C>cA\\txv\\^ ^wWw^^'^ 


disUDce, in clear neither, the white i-liffs of the English eout. 
The entnnce to thi^ gtalratse ia by ■ doot in the right, In tliB intertAi 
of the rfinich {»iJni. 1 ft. ; eufltodi«n « the S. porlal). 

Th; Inlariui contalni u sluhnrale high-altut, eiecuted in Ouma mi 
(lie sipeufl of Prince Toilonlai a One monuineDt U Hgr. iUffreliiBuai. 
iri cbiyaJi sduracd witb frelcoBi by tioai^inii ; sod a Lul; Chipd, whlafc 
U marled to b; pilgrim]. Tba OrypI (adni, Ht.), diting {iirll; from (tie 
I'jtb EGDl., omt^Di lama old tombi sad aaine antlquiUei found In digdnf 
the fDundiitiunii of tlic cliuicb. 

The Chateau [PI. G, 2), in whieh IjduU Nnpuleon was cooaned 
ifler the attempted ijiaturectian of 1S40, ia the acoient rituiel at 
Uoulogne, and datcB from the 13th century. It Is now nonveded 
into barracks and m artillery depot (nu admisaioii). — The Vtmetety 
of the Hante Ville (beyond PI. G, 2) cont&ina the grsTM of Sir 
Unrria Nicolai, Basil Uontague, and numeiDus other KngUshmen. 

In IBOi Nipolaoo I. assemblsd an army of 172,000 infanWy and 8030 
cavalry on Ibe table-land to the N. of Bonlopie, noder lbs coBuaiBd of 
UnrsbBli SoulT, Xeir, Daiooal, and Victor, nad collected in Uie biirbour 
A llolilla of 2U3 crsfl of Tlriont dimensions, for Ibe pnrpoge ot InndlBfe 

drilled, and only awaited the arrival of Uta Qeela friun Antwerp, Btmtt, 
Uadit, and the bJLrlwtiis of the HedliemDean, wblcb kad been in ^ 

nnioh wu prerented by the EneliBh Aeet under tiir Robert Calderi attA 
Ibe victory of KBlson at TnTilgar, on SSnl Oct., ISS, completsd tb& 
aiscamfilure of Ibe nnderlakine, 

Lh^ Expedlilon aeainsl England^'thB fl»l atone being laid by HanttirSa^ 

anflDlshed, and In lS:jl Louis Xviil. earned the work to be r«s^^! 
inlendini Ihal Itae colnmo ehonlil eammemDriite tbe rejitoratlao of ^ 

. The lodetia 


adorned nltb n 

i lo b^Bto, 

FsoH BanLDdMi -rn St. Ohkh, IB M., railway In IVi-2 brs. Ifarea fl tt. 
6u, 1 fr, 90, 3 Ir. 30 c.|. — Thia line divereea li> Ibe lofl [com thai (« 
Parii nt (Sl/t U.) HwHfueal, Ibo Iklrd tlstloB (p. II), and ascend* Ot* 
pretty valley of tbe £ii»i. — 10 M. aamer, with 2160 Inbab.i tBIfcK 

DciH-ti, with 4T001nhab„ formerly forlllled. The --■' ■-■ 

ofpicturesq- '"■- """ ■■--■— - ■-- - 

If the line from 

\; 37 M 

Ibe junotion of a line tu Berguette (p. 18), We ihon n»a,i under tbe eaad 
Irom Aire to SI. Omer beside tbo hydranUc lift (p. IT, To Uie lefQ.^S 
-oln Iba line from Calais vji Arrag. — 40 M. SI. Omer, see p. 15. 

Fboh Bouloene to Aibab, 78 H., rnllway in Vk-S>l, hrs. [fare* Ufa 
43,Bfr.70, 6fr.30c.). — At (ITft M.) ElapJti (p. il) thla line dtrngM 

231/1 U. HontreuU-aur-Xer rmtd Hi Fra-a), an ancient 11 »lB UWI 
with SSeOinhab., i9 silualedon a hill now 9 M. from Ibe 8e^ tb0B(Ii,'af, 

time fortified, and traces of Its dtadel slDl remain. The Churcli is a hniilr 
■ L.nie Gothic tnilldi.ig, and Ibe HoipU-tl. recently rebiilll, ha.n a line e^M'. 

to Amien$, BERCK. U Route. 11 

village of yeuville-satU'Montreuil^ is the Chartreuse de Neuville or de Notre- 
Dame-iies'Fris^ a large Carthusian monastery resembling the Grande Ohar- 
treuse near Grenoble. The convent of the order, founded here in the 14th 
cent., was partly destroyed and sold at the Revolution, hut was repur- 
chased and almost completely rehuilt in 1872-75 in the Gothic style. Ladies 
are not admitted except to a waiting-room and chapel at the entrance, 
but gentlemen are shown the large chapel, the refectory, etc., and may 
even sleep in the convent, sharing the frugal meals and attending, if they 
choose, the religious services of the monks. — From Montreuil-sur-Mer a 
line runs to (10 M.) Bang-du-Fliers-Verton (see below), and another to (46Vx M.) 
Aire-sur-la-Ljfs (p. 17) via (25 M.) Fruffes (p. 23) and (39 M.) T/iirouanne^ a large 
village to the S. of the site of the important medieevid town of that name 
(the Taruenna of antiquity), which was fortified by Francis I. but destroyed 
by Charles V. in 1553 in revenge for the loss of the 'three bishoprics^ 

Beyond Montreuil the Arras line ascends the valley of the Canche to 
(38 M.) Headin (H6tel de Franee)^ a small town founded by Charles V. in 
1554, after the destruction of Vieil Hetdin^ 2^/2 M. farther up the valley. 

From Hesdin roads lead to (12 M.) Cr^cy (p. 13) and to Agincourt (p. 23). 
— 43 M. Blangy-wr-Temoise^ 3V« M. to the S.E. of Agincourt (p. 23). — 
49 M. Anvin (p. 23). 52 M. Wavrans. 55 M. St. Pol (p. 23). — The train 
ascends the valley of the Searpe. — 70 M. Mont- Saint- Eloi^ a village on a 

height to the right, with a church with two tall towers (18th cent.) and 
other relics of an ancient abbey. The railway then turns to the left, and 
joins the line from Paris to Arras. — 79 M. Arras^ see p. 19. 

Qaitting Boulogne, the train traverses the valley of the Liane. 
At (263/4 M.) Outreau the line from the Grande Gare joins that from 
Boulogne-Tintelleries (p. 6). To the left are the town of Boulogne 
and the bridge over the Liane on the line to Calais. Several large 
cement-works are passed. 28^2 M. Pont'de-Briques ; 31 M. Hesdig- 
neul (junction for St. Omer, see p. 10). From (42 V2 M.) EtapUs 

SHdt. de la Gare ; Rendezvous des Artistes), the junction for Arras 
see p. 10), a diligence plies 8 times daily to (81/2 M.) Le Touquet 
or Paris-Plage (Grand H6tel ; des Bains ; de Paris), a bathing-place 
of recent origin. — The train crosses the Bale de la Canche by a 

viaduct. 461/2 M. St. Josse. — 4972 M. Rang-du-FUers-Verton. 

Fbom BAMO-Dn-FLisBS-YsBTON TO Bebok, 41/2 M., railway in 14-18 min. 
(fares 70, 56, 40 c). Berck {Or. Hdtel de Berck et de la Piaffe^ de Londres^ 
de Framce et des Bains^ Orand Hdtel^ H6t. de PaiHe^ Continental^ etc.), a small 
sea-bathing place with 7(XX) inhab., a Kursaaly etc., is rapidly growing in 
popularity. Two Hospiialt for children have been built in this healthy spot. 

The name of (63*/2 M.) Conchil-le-Terrvple is a reminiscence of 
the Knights Templar. The Authie is crossed. 56 M. Quend-Fort- 
Mahon is the station for Fort AfoAon and St-Quentin'Plage ^ two 
small bathing-places of recent formation. — 60 M. Bue (H6t. des 
Voyageurs)^ a small town, Injured by the encroachments of the 
Authie and the Mate. The beautiful ChapeUe du St.Egprit, adjoining 
the church, is a relic of an older church dating from the 13-16thcent. 

66 M. NoyeUes^ situated in the midst of a dreary expanse of 
sand, is connected by a branch-railway with (7 M.) Forest-VAbbaye 
(p.l3). In the vicinity is the ford of Blanchetaque, where Edward III. 
crossed the Somme before the battle of Cr^cy (see p. 14). 

A branch-railway runs from Noyelles, along an em^vD>us^«r&\. ^"uS^^^ 
by the sea at high tide, to (4 M.) St.Yalery-aux.^oinme C*Hft\e\ de ¥va^tO^ 
a. town with 3560 inhabitants. From this lllUe poH VJ\\\\«.m \.\ve; C^tiQ|J^'«^^ 




12 fioute I. ABBEVILLE. 

set ull for Eouluad ua Scpl. Tilb, I 

JiUll rcmiln. It luw Hda the wet nudi Ulht _.. _ .. , 

be orouBd on foot {tiro fcniei, lU and 15 c.) to I?/, br.) U Crolor (mi 
below). - From 8t. Vilerj the Uhu soei on lo (B'/iM.) OiyiHi (UfiV d» 

Anulher bruicli-raLwaj runa froia Nojellei ^u '(S M.J I« Ontu 
imil Delanl; de la Usritu; da Crolot), an UDprctendlng BFt-bkUifni pUeo. 
witb a itdoll hubouc and tome remains .if iU old fortilisttiunri. 

To the right M we pniceeii stretches the wide buy ai tbe mOBtti 
of tbe Somino, eroBsed by the branch-lLna lo Si. Vilery (see above). 
Beyond [69 M.) Port-lt-Qrattd we ciosi the ewiall^ed Somme. 

74 M. AbbevUIe {HStel da France, Rue de I'HAtel-ile-TUle; 
dt III Ttte-de-Botuf,S.\xf! at-GiXlei] 'delaOart; CafUin th«PUe« 
de rAmiial-Couibet), aa andent fortress and m Importaat ctoth- 
mtnnbetuTlng town, with 19,670 inhsb., ii Bitiiated on the Sodmiu, 
un wblcb lliete Ji a small harbour. 

AbbevillB viu ut aiifllclent iuiponance under HubU Capet to reeelTt 
• (tirdle of ramparli , and II wa« the rendeiToiu (or tbe leadOTI of Iba 
irrlage of Ueanoi of Caitlle U ~ 

In 1272 It paued to England, and tl remained with little inlernpUm 
under Knitleh domlnlou for nearly 300 yean. After a abort period aadv 
tlie dnkee of Burcandy, tt laU Snally to Fruce In 1471. In IQlt Oe 
mnrriaes of LouiiXII. with Mary Tudor, alilar nt Henr; VIII., wu cele- 
brated at AbbeTllle; and In 1037 Wolsey and Francla I. ilfned hers th^ 
aUlanee agalsat Obarlag V. 

The most juleresting building iu the town U the C&ttrek »( 
St. Vtdfran, b Qothic edlSce of tbe 15th ind llith cent., cumpletel 
in the 17th ceut. on a stnallei scale. The handsome (a9>de h^ two 
towers termiQBttng in platfortng, and three portals In the Raiulv- 
fiance style, with richly decorated doors, though deprived of nuig 
of thsii statues. The exterior of the nace ia adorned with elagutl 
hutttesses and two open galleries with balustrades. The windowi 
nre aurmouiited by truncated gables. To the N. is a towor adjoinliu 
a wall, which was intended, according to the original plan, to form 
part of the transept. 

The effect of tbe [nterior Is macb lua pleving tban that of the ex- 
terior. The naie 1i narrow, and the arcbea, Injarel b; the alnUnf ol 
tlic foundations, bars rsquired to be eEtraocougly suppartarl. OoBliBf 
to the UBUil rule, the tbolr ii the leagl anolent part, if— ' "- 

Tbe nrst clianel on tbe leit has a line KeDaiisanoe altar-piece, and (ta 
lliird chapels on each aide contain good leulpluTes (I^IBtb seal.). >& 
Ihapelle de Notre Dame dea Uenlera, at (lie end of the S. ai^le, contdM 
a large glHed Oothte canopy, io front of a recess Bllad hy a sealntiuvt 
group of the Madunna upon clouds, aurrannded wllb aogpls. The ■)>« 
at the end of the choir baa a curious aolependium (15lh cent ) painted nt 
a gold ground. In the sacristy ia a silffir HadoBna of IflW on a nadnlal 
III' loeSi alao a JStb cent, eiangellum. ^ 

The HSltlDleu, behind the church, partly dates from the UUf' 
centuries. — Tbe Place de i'Amlral-Coorbet, farther on, ia MJ 
lished with a monument io Admiral Courbtt (1819-89), irbfl 
native of the town, by Falguiftre and MetcU. — £fiucur,t)ie b4b 
(1760-1837), who was horn near Abbeville, Is comi 
broime stntnc, by itoiiliet, in the Piacn St. Piprre. 

to Amiens. ST. RIQUIER. L Route. 13 

In the public gaiden at the end of this Place is the Musie d^ Ab- 
beville et du Ponthieu (open on Thurs., Sun., and holidays, 12 to 4 
or 5; at other times on application), containing natnral history 
collections, paintings, engravings, sculptures, etc. The Public Lib- 
rary, in an adjoining building, contains 38,000 vols, and 230 MSS. 
— The Eglise du 8t, Sipulcre, to the left from the Place St. Pierre, 
dates from the 15th century. 

The Rue Bouchex-de-Ferthes, the first on the left as we quit the 
Place de rAmiral-Gourbet by the Rue St. Gilles, is called after 
the learned geologist and antiquarian of that name (1788-1868), 
whose house , in this street, is now occupied by the small Musee 
BoucheT'de-PeriheSf consisting of a library and.collections of paint- 
ings, sculpture, furniture, porcelain, botanical specimens, flint axe- 
heads, and prehistoric implements in bone (adm. as to the preced- 
ing Mus^e; closed on Mon.). 

Xjl^e church of S -Qilles, at the end of the Rne St. Gilles, 
possesses a beautiful Flamboyant portal. No. 83 in this street is a 
handsome old house with caryatides, bas-reliefs, etc. 

The MonU de Oavbert, to the S. of Abbeville, were the site of an 
immense Roman camp, capable of accommodating 14 legions, no trace of 
which, however, now remains. 

Fbom ABBBVU.LB TO BfiTHUNE, dS^/s M., railway in 2-21/2 hrs. (fares 
10 fr. 66, 7fr. 10, 4fr. 65 c.). — The line crosses the railway from Abbe- 
ville to Amiens, and skirts the ramparts on the S.E. side of the town, near 
St. Gilles. — ■ 8 M. St. Biquier (ffdtel de VAnge-Oabriel)^ an ancient town, 
was formerly highly celebrated for its abbey, which was founded towards 
the end of the 4th cent, and enjoyed the special favour of Dagobert, Oharle- 
magne, and Hugh Capet. It has, however, never recovered from its 
frequent destruction at the hands of Normans, Burgundians, French, Ger- 
mans, and English. In 1536 a determined attack on the town by the 
troops of Charles V. wa« "Ailorously repulsed, chiefly through the bravery 
of the women, who mingled with the soldiers on the walls, encouraging 
them to resist. One heroine, named Becqu^toille, is said to have captured 
a hostile flag with her own hands. The abbey was rebuilt after a fire 
in the 18th cent. ; it is now occupied by a seminary and is comparatively un- 
interesting. The adjoining *(7AtircA of St. Riquier is, however, a most notable 
example of Gothic architecture in the 15th and 16th centuries. The facade 
and W. tower are lavishly adorned with sculpture , though the soft nature 
of the stone has unfortunately withstood the ravages of the weather very 
poorly. The vaulting of the interior deserves special notice, as do also 
some of the statues, the fonts, the bas-reliefs on the walls, the choir-stalls, 
and the high-altar , with a large wooden statue of Christ by Girardon. 
The Salle de la Tr^sorerie is adorned with ten frescoes from the life of 
St. Biquier, with inscriptions in old French, and with a kind of Dance 
of Death, entitled 'the Three Dead and the Three Living'. The treasury 
is still rich. 

20 M. Auxi'le-ChAteau (Hot. St. Martin), a small town on the Authie, with 
the scanty ruins of a ch&teau, referred to the 12th century. — 28V2M. Fri9ent; 
38V2 X. 8t. Pol. For these two stations and the connecting railway, see 
p. ^. 43 M. Briae is the junction for BuUy-Grenay (p. 18). The railway 
now descends the valley of the Clarence. Beyond (57 M.) Fouquereuil we 
join the Calais and Arras line, IV4 M. on this side of B4thune (p. 18). 

Fbom Abbbyillb to Doxpibbbb-sdb-Adthib (Cr^cy), 19 M., local rail- 
way joining the branch from Noyelles (p. 11) at (10^^ M.) Fwe«\.-V A^a.^«.. 
It then traverses the Foreet of Cr4cy to (15 VL.\ \S\% \ix. Ix^m KXi^^^VSifts 
2 fr. 70, 2 fr. 10, 1 fr. 60 c.) Or6cy-en-Poiithi«u CHWeX dn Cwv«v-«'^^'>-» "^ 


14 Haute t. CR^CY. From cM^^ 

hunlet rsQiDii.' lur tli'j victury nOD on Aug. 2IHb, 1816, h; Edwnrd [1[. i.l 
Englund riier PMUp of Valols, Sine of Fnocc. 

The BngllBh army, itlar marcMng throngh Normindy ind thrEBiraiiiE 
rari", baa been compsUed to Wlbict towards tboH.E, before Hmnclj superior 
Same. But sftsr rorcing bis n-ay oyct nieSnmnie at tbs ford of BUnuIiBUqn' 
(p. li), Edwwd in. decided to Jisiard » tallla, end selected s rnonrsMe »pol. 
The Englisb. encamped oo tlie field, took np their posltinobetimea.aite.acMk, 
and rested, and awaited qaiolly the OBSlanglit of the Freneh. Tho latla 

KrolMiirt, 'who were in three 'hallles' (divlsiiina) lyine on ihi: ground to itrt 
them, u soon as they saw the Frenchmen approach, Ihe; ruae upon, theb 
fnet, fair and eaeily, without any haite, and arraoged Ibeir battJc*'. The 
llrat dWislonwas commaoded bj the Prince ufWalea — Edward, IheBlack 
Prince, — assisted by the Earls of Warwick and Oifori ; the aecood was aDdor 
the £ar]a of Nocthampton and Arnndal ; while the third, commanded bySd- 
«ntd III., waa held as a reserve on a little hill aurmonnted by a windmill 
(only reeenlly destroyed), to the W. of the present vilbge. The French Uag 

their eyes, and they were awed by the rigid stin'nesi which reigned 1b Ike 
EnillBh ranks until the Orit Qlght of holta from the eroas bows rdl amonc 
them. 'Then arelieis stepped forth one pace, and lei B; Chair 
arrows so wholly and so thick, that ilaeemed snow.' The BenosH nuned 

mand of the enraged Philip, dashed in among them, cutting them dowa. 
The deadly shower of cloth-yard abaft; was kept up by Ihe Eng^lsb^ (he 
armonr of (he knights was pierced, their horset* became onnutnageable, 
many fell holh horse and men, and the coafnaloo spread. The Irish anil 
Welsh who farmed a great part of Edward's forcea, armed with long kntFU, 
vow forced their way into the mel^e and, atabbing the French harsei, 
bronght many knigblB to the gronnd. In the meantime, tho Count! oi 
A]en;on and Flanders al the head of their kntghta forced Ibeir waj la 

Sdward ni., nking for help, 'la my son hurt, or dead, or on tho sua 
felled?' asked the king. 'Ko, aire', was the reply, 'but he Is hardly malshed, 

replied Edward, 'and say to them thai they aeiH no more Id me for uTad- 
venture tbnt falletb. as long as my son ia alive; and also say tothamlhal 
Ihoy snfTer him this day to win bh spora i for If God be pleased, I will 

The Frencb lln'ally gave way end ned^ leaving tho EnBllsb muton of 
Ihe Deld. King Philip rode with bnt Are baroiuta Ihe castle of IdlirOya, 
and thence to Amlena. The slsu^bter was very great. Froissart aaylOM 
11 prinees, BO bannareta. 1200 kaigbU, and 30,00) footmen were alnlB <n 
Ihe Freneb side. One of the eleven princes was the blioit Kiae John of 
Bohemia, whose orert (the now familiar 'Prince of Wales'a Pealhera') and 
mollo Cieh dien'J were adopted by the Black Prince. Several of M( 
knights, fastening his horse's bridle securely to their own, had led Um 
into the Hgbl to 'strike one mora i^ood blow' ; all were killed , and Ollr 
horaea were found after Ihe battle still tied together. Variona egflaalW 

have numhered mure Ibsn 25,01X1, while the French nrmv was ^boil 
100,000 strong. After the buttle EdwBTd 111. continned bis marck to ths 
N.B., and laid aiege to PalaiB (p. 4). A tradlHon (probably crronow} 
sayi (hat Ihia was the first bnUls la which canitDns were osed (on the (Id*. 
of Ihe BngliJh). — To the W. of the vlllseo Is a cross marhins IhB tpU 

Another brmch-lino runs from Abbeville V> (» ».1 E« Cs-^V* 
mina IhB line u, Ze Triporl (p. Zl), 

On letYlng Abberille, the iail*»? paa?ea >iisne*tV ftia^flsi* 
ftharie (p. 13), SS'/aM- Pont-RemK. a Ut^c ^It4■u«^^'^ -«&' 

^^PWPR ST. OMER. l.Si 

wjih s castle, dstiiig in part from tbo 14tli 

played an important part in IheHnndred Years' War with England. 

— 84V» M. Longpre. The Camp dt VEtoUd, 2Vi M. to ■ ■ 

peihtpB the nUMt intereatiDg Roman camp in France. 

Fboh Lo« hfM TO Lb TBaro ""' " ■■ ■ ■■■ "■■ 

.III. *fr. 30, atr.eOc.), — 4V»»- - ~ 

nuioG, has t»nirileTosl)itgcWi:bBB. Aboaie'ltV-(toia(WltS.i Viismimt 
In ibe large CMUaav di jfamtui-ai, a iriU-preieTTBd mgdlxva] stioiiliald. 
At (So HI LMfToy-aaniichis ne jtiio tbe tine lu Le Trdport Tiii BeanvsH 
(p. 38). 

Tie brmch -railway tcom LoDgprl iQ (11 M.) Caiujjlgi joins hare lie 
.,__,___ ._,__...„._.,___ „_,___. ,.. .J,, 23). Bear (7ji,)S-«(r«- 

iidtine abb»7-cburch eonlaiiilDg intercjUng aculplu 

Wepaaa under the line to Canaplea. — 89 M.Hangeit. — 93 Va M. 
I'icquigny, a small town with a mined castle of the 16th century. 
About 13/t M. to the N.R. liea tbe Camp de Tinmcourt or Onmti- 
Fnrt, an anuient Roman camp. 

96 M. Ailly-nir-Somme ; 97>/2 M. Dreuil. The line now emerges 
rruDi the valley of tbe Somme. — IOOI/4 M. St. Sodi, a suburban sta- 
lion for Amiens [p. 26). XriveTiingtwoahort tunnels, and a cutting, 
ve now skirt tbe boulevaida on the S. side of (102M.) .Amlnu(p. 2b). 

1. Via HuElrmiDk and Ami. 
130'/) M. (t23l/( U. fruiD tbe Gare UarlUme). ItuLVAi in 7-Ti/i bca. 
(rares 2t fr. 96, 14 fr. 8S, fl ft. 60 c. or 2J ft. SO, IS ft. B, S fr. 76 1), 

CnidJ!, see p.3. — I'/^M. i« Fontinrtlei (p. 6)i ai/gM. PtmJ- 
il«- Couf optic ; 6>/; M. Lea Attaques. — The line dlvergea from that 
viaBoulogne, croises the Canal de Guinea, skirts the canal from Aid- 
res to Giavellnea, and eiosaes the canal from St. Omei to Calais. 
To the left is the Pont Sans-Pnrell, a bridge built in 1752, with four 
branches epanning the two last-named canals. — T'/^M. Ponl-JArd- 
Tt3, whence a diligence plies to (3 M.) the little town of Ardm, 
which has another atalioii on the railway from Cslaia toAnvinfp. 123). 
l2'/j M. Audniicq. - 2OV2 M. WatUn. 

A braDcl-ridlwa; rDQi from WaltEn Id (13 M.) Hjwcllau (n. 6), 
JointDE tbB JtoB from Oilnla Id Dunlirk ilI (0 U.) Btmitnure (p. 6). 

A marshy diatcict, intersected by ntimeroue canals, is now trareraed. 
Ibis. St. Omer. — Hotela. HBtkl nn Li Portk-d'Or kt d-Aholk. 

Grande Plau. — Oafti, ia'lh'e Onnde Flaco. — Fsit ft°Iel«grapli Offioe' 
.1 the cornsr of tbe Eue Allent SBd Rue de ValliMc, 

St. Omer Is an industrial and commercial town with 21,480 iii< 
hab., situated In a marshy dialrict on the Aa, which Joins tbo Canal 
de Neuf-Fossf near the station. 

FuDBded in UrB7IJiDon(. bySl.AiidomareotOiaBt,BU'Q(isol'S"afeinaMi^'' 
Cp. JtJ, lie (Dwoliinjfo«oe<lpart ofFlajiders, aniwis QiW.B^a**'*.'-^-'*;^ 



of Trap^st mooln. Th« nlehl mny tie • 
" (Ing d>y daioted Ui tiTiHiiTliini In Ibc 
- vDOded hlUs on Ihc " ' ' ' 


idv mill . „ . . ^ __. 

^^u aU'ion, the cuiIoib-Iiouiu eianianUoD la mids, — 30 M. t>rw 

(TSte d'Or), wlUi & very Intuuting ulbsdrnl aid Dloth-liiJI. Sib Aiwitaitr'I 


/tupMd), etc. 

Beyond Hazebroiirli Ibe train onlore tbe Fureif of Nttppt. 
iV/% M. Stcen&tc^t; H M. Tftimnci, beyond wbicb two oanalc m* 
croFaad. — 47 M. BerguttU. 

BsilHOT from Berguelto l« Armiaiam. ■« p. 99; lo SI. On^, p. n. 

51 M. Lilitri (HGt. Lemaine), with 7800 Inbab., hu s cnrioBi 
ebnrch in tbe Transition style. Artealan Kelts derive their nuiu 
tiora tie district ofArlols, where the earliMt (still pointed ont; 
66 ft. deep] Is said to have been sunk nt LUlers in the I'lth eentnrT. 
— At IpVji M.) thfiqueTniil the railway lo Abbeville <il*erges U 
the right {p. 13). 

7)9 H. Bitliane (HSM du TforJ ; lion d'Or), a manutaotDTltil 
and commerniil town with 11,S00 Inbsb., U eitoated at (he JunetlOIi 
of two canalB. It was the capital of an ancient barony and wu om 
of the fortressea of Atlola. The peace of Utrecht united it to FrmM 
in 1713. The chief objecti of intereEt ure tlie Belfry, of the 14th oant, 
and tbe Church of St. Vaait, of the 16th cent., wltb coliirons ot*« 
13th ceutory. — Railway to Lille, see p. 97 ; to Abbevitle, see p. 13. 

62M. fioau. — 6&VaM. BuUy-Ormay has important csU-miiiw. 

Branob-railwayi ran Haaee to (IS'/i «■) Brio, ISl. Pol oiid AbbavllUi 
p. 18) and lo {6 M.) Violotan (p. 97). 

70 U. Leni IHilel de France), an ancient town with 17,^ 
inhsb., eituated on the Soucltn or DeiUe, w&s formetly fortified, al ' 
waal^eqnenDy captured ill the war* of the 15th, 10th, and 17th CBl. 
tirlet^. Condd gained an important victory over the Spaniards In Oit 
neighbonrhood in 1648. Lens lies at the centre of the coal-fi«Ut 
of tbe Pas do Calais, which have an area of 190 sq. M. and yield 
6,000,000 lona of coal per annum, employine 2!),000 band*. 

Faon LsBS (Aaaia) tO AsHEHTiaaas , 20 H. , rsilnay In i-VhlK. 
tlOres B fr. TO, S ff. 60, 1 tr. 88 c). _ 3'/i M, Ponl-i-Vchdir,, tLeiuncUonlOT 
{5>/i M.) Violainea [p. 97]; 7 U. Baunn-JVonn, the junulioD of a line tf 
HMa-IASkn^ (taa^elow)) 10 X. Don-Saiaglm fp. 97)) Il'/i U, Vorrtl 
(p, BT). — 30 M. ArmtaMrti. lae p. 99, 

FKim Lbb» io LiBiBcoDBT, i\ik v.. railwar in i/itr. (aoe p. SI 
The Una (orka at IS'h M.) HMiin-Lihanl, an andenl lown wilh 13,00, ._ 
lub., the ana braiiDh leadioe to Libercourt fp. 86), and tbe other pi». 

ceeding vti (4i/i M.) CimrmrH, the oburoh of -'■'-'• — -'-- " 

flcBiil tomb of one of the HODtniorsDcy family, 

iadiuliial tuwii with SGUO inhab. (p. 86), lo (iOX.) Sancin-Pforfyt (les abdral. 

Another local Uae rum from Lena to pS'/i M,) fnfwil (p. 98) Tli 
Autigtm (p. ■U). 

Hear (76 M.) Farbui-Vimy the railway to Osrvin divorgee U 
tbe left (see above]. The line now traverses the valley of tbe Smi' 
by means ofa viaduct and embankments, and joins the railway^ 
l*Ouai before reaching Arras. ^ 


to Amiens, ARRAS. 1. BouU. 19 

83 M. Arras. — Hotels. Du Cohmebgb, Rue Gambetta, ddj. 3, D. 
3Vs fr*) ^^^^' wii^« ) »s L'UNiVfijBS , Place de la Croix Rouge , R. , L. , ft A. 
2V2^> B. 1, dej. 2V«, D. 2»/4, omn. Va-'A^'-; »u Pbtit St. Pol, Place du 
Th^&tre, B. 2, d^j. 3, D. 31/2 fr., incl. wine. — Oafes in the Place du 
Th^&tre^ Buffet at the station. — Post Office, Rue de la Gouvernance, 
near the theatre. 

Arrcaj formerly fortified, with 26,150 inhab., situated on the 
right bank of the Scarpe, the ancient capital of Artois^ is now the 
chief town of the DSpartement du PaS'-de^CalaiSy and the seat of a 
bishop. Its grain-trade is very considerable. 

Arras was the capital of the Gallic tribe of the Airebates, under the 
name of Nemetacum or Nemetocenna. It seems to have been famous for its 
woollen cloth as early as the 4th cent., the madder of which grows luxur- 
iantly in the neighbourhood, providing an excellent dye-material. In the 
middle ages the tapestry-hangings of Arras had a high reputation , and 
many of them are still preserved, especially in England, where the name 
of the town itself was used as their common name. The manufacture 
has long been extinct. The town followed the fortunes of the Pays d^Artois, 
of which it was the capital, passing by marriage from the house of France 
to Burgundy, Flanders, Bur^ndy again, Germany, and Spain. After 
the battle of Agincourt (141$ the English and French signed the treaty 
of peace at Arras. It was many times captured and recaptured in the 
wars between France and Burgundy and Germany, and in 1477 Louis XI. 
punished its repugnance to the French yoke with great severity, changing 
the name of the town to *Franchise\ The Peace of Arras, in 1482, 
marks an epoch in French history, determining the N. frontier of France 
at the expense of the feudal state of Burgundy. Arras was finally incor- 
porated with France in 1640. — Arras was the birthplace of Maximilicn 
Robespierre (i75S-94) and his younger brother Joseph (1763-94), and of 
Joseph Lebon, originally a cur^, who organized the ^Terror^ in Arras and 
distinguished himself by his cruelties. 

The Station^ in the new quarter that has sprung up since the de- 
molition of the fortifications, stands at one end of a broad thorough- 
fare traversing the town under various names (Rue Gambetta, Rue 
Emestale, Rue St. Anbert, etc.). On the left side of the Rue Gam- 
betta rises the pretty modern Tour des Ursutinea^ the spire of which 
was overthrown by a storm in 1876. The tower, which is in the 
Transition style, was built in imitation of the smaller tower of La 
Ste. Ghandelle, which formerly adorned the Petite Place. We reach 
the latter Place and the H6tel de Ville by the Rue St. Gery, which 
leads to the right a little farther on. 

The Petite Place and the neighbouring Orande Place are curious 
relics of the period of Spanish domination, in the 17th century. 
Both are surrounded with uniformly built houses, with arcades 
below, supported by monolithic sandstone columns, and curious 
gables above. No. 49, Grande Place, dates from the 14th century. 
Beneath the Grande Place and other parts of the town are huge sub- 
terranean magazines and cellars, originally quarries and known as 

The *H6tel de Ville, built in the 16th cent, by Jacques Car on 
and restored in the 19th cent., is one of the handsomest in the N. 
of France, with a fine Gothic facade, rising \i^q.w ^^-^^wvtOcvfca. ^t 
different sizes The lateral facades ai^ Va. wv ^\8\i^T%.\.^'^«w8:>A%vccvK>^ 


20 Route 1. ARRAS, 

style; ttal on the N. Is icadem. The two large ealoona on the flnt 
flOQi coutain Gothit vood-earTing and large uhlmney -pieces. Tile 
gisoefnl Belfry, which terminalefi in a ctown, U 240 ft. higb. The 
'Uiaclocqoe' oi 'JoyeuEe', the Urgeel bell, diles from 1728 • 
iveighfl naitly 9 tons. 

' rcb Df Si. Jean BaplisU (IBth cenl.), near Iba Fetll« H|u, 
esoent from the CruBs, etlriliuted lo Rubeos. 

Fsithsr to the N. are the extensive buildings of the fOimti 
Abbey of 8i. Vaait, non occupied by the Kiehop'B Palace, the Qrtnil 
Simlnalre, »nd Iho Muetfe. The Oarden \$ ombelllBlieiJ with Inonu 
busts of eminent natives of Arras. 

The Uus£b, including a gallery of paintings and an arcbECOloglu' 
eoltection, occopies most of the groundflaor on the N.W. or gaTden 
sidfl (aea below). The public aia admitted (10-1 and "J-S) eterr 
^iin. from June to Sept., and ou the first Sun. of each month duriii; 
thereat ofthe year (entr. from the garden); for adm. on other diyi, 
visitors apply to tlie concierge, at the large portal In the Place. 

Oronnl-FliMr. BoUH I, ealerea from the Fluia, contalng nolhlni [■- 
portanl. — B, II Is bung cliieD; viilb modsm pslnUnga of lUebt impor 
unce, Tolbe rlghl: Ku number, Sd. ailhag, BeCare Ibc judec ; DatirMitl, 
Maiaacre of tbe Innocuntai 19^. Zimlir, bealb of the Does Foiearl, u 
tiBliean the cloek ilrike tbobour wbidi begtni bli ■ucBBiBor'i relgoi M 
Balen, Sea-piece; 7. SerHon, Mmb in Anvergno; no number, fWrOS, 
Wreukof IhB VengBuri fiB. Ffyin-Parii, Women of CapcUe; 134. M ' 
An ufTalT of oulposU (1870); 13. £m. Brclon, Slonu; IBS. acrtaH , »..» 
of (lulberoo; W. Cclla, Bar ef Uiduiaa; 77. Olaii,, Hunan foUyi St 

"—■ ■ " '■' ScbroB, Culbadral of Vianna; 118. Urotr, p— » <- 

. Lit), JoDBb reacued frnm muiacTE; ISB. 

Iwsrd ni. of Endaal 

B, m. IT. DamiuHii, AfMr Tespers ; 1D9, Cups cf Spada^ Belnra 0: 
^adigali IB. Dttaerv, Breton interf^ir; SI. Brat, Helen; 76. eii-ard, 
l»it of the artiat; 3S. Diu^, Pnrlrult of Oardlniil de It Tour d-ADVerfH, 
.. . . _._ ™ „ . ... ^^ Msrtyrdom of St Slepban; 29. C«^ 

to Amiens, ARRAS. 1. Route. 21 

R. VI. 199. Flemish School, Belshazzar's feast ^ 190. M. de Vos (?), As- 
sumption; 241. Flemish SthooLAdoTSkiion of the Shepherds; 169. Teniert 
the lounger^ Flemish topers; 28. Ph. de C^ampatVne, Portrait; 82. Crau- 
bek€. Card-players; 217. Flemish School of the 16th cent., Entombment; 
216. Florentine School of the 14th cent.. Madonna with saints and angels; 
206. ^Jem<</^iScAoo{, Portrait; 167. iSlhyder«, Wolf-hunt; 292. Venetian School, 
Martyrdom of a queen; 183. Ottdry, Fox-hunt; 168. Snyders, Boar-hunt; 
188. Verbruggen the Younger, Children adorning a statue of Pan. 

First Floor. On the landing, Model of a ship offered by the States 
of Artois to the American Colonies in the War of Independence. — The 
gallery and two rooms contain collections of sculptures, drawings, tapestry, 
porcelain, coins, weapons, antiquities, and small objects of art. — On the 
Second Floor is a Natiffrdl History Collection. 

The garden is reached through a Vestibule containing casts. 

In the same building are preserved the Library (40,000 vols. ; 1100 MSS.) 
and the Archives D^tartementales. 

The Cathedral, at the N.E. angle of the abbey-bnlldings, was 
built in 1755-1833 to succeed the old abbey-church. It contains 
some good paintings, including a Descent ^om the Cross and an 
Entombment, attributed respectively to Rubens and Van Dyck (both 
in the ambulatory of the choir), and three small trlptychs and a 
fine Head of Christ in the N. transept. In the S. transept is a St. 
Bernard supplicating inspiration from heaven , by Yan Thulden. 
The high-altar is adorned with a bas-relief in gilded bronze. One 
of the chapels contains a Madonna by Corot, and two modern 
monuments of bishops. 

The first street to the left of the garden of St. Yaast crosses the 
busy Rue St. Aubert , near the Hdpital 8t, Jean fto the right), in 
front of which is a Statue of Abhi Halluin (1820-95), distinguished 
for his charity. The street leads on to the barracks, arsenal, etc. 
To the left, before the arsenal, the Rue de T Arsenal leads to the 
modem Romanesque church of Notre Dame dee Ardents, with a fine 
pulpit and the tomb of Mgr. Lequette, by Louis-Noel, — The streets 
running parallel with the barracks lead to the Boulevard Crespel 
and to the Promenades, with their fine trees. Beyond these is the 
Citadel, constructed by Vauban in 1670-74, sumamed *La Belle- 
Inutile*, and now partly dismantled. — In the Rue d' Amiens, beyond 
the barracks, is the elegant Oiapelle des Dames du 8t. Sacrement, 
a modem construction in the Flamboyant style, by Grigny. — The 
Rue d* Amiens leads hence back to the Rue St. Aubert ; the new 
boulevards next the promenades bring us direct to the station. 

A branch -railway runs from Arras to (22V2 M.) Doullens (p. 24). — 
From Arras to Boulogne, see p. 11; to Douai and Valenciennes, p. 74. 

Beyond Arras the lines to Doullens and St. Pol (p. 23) diverge 
to the right. From (88 M.) Boisleux a branch-line runs to (16 1/2 M.) 
Marquion^ whence it is to be continued to Cambrai. — 94 M. Achiet, 

A branch-railway runs from Achiet to (2OV2 M.) Marcoing (Cambrai). 
— 41/s M. Bapaume (H6t, de la Fleur), a small town which gives name 
to one of the severest battles fought in the N. during the campaign of 1870-71. 
Both Freneh and Germans claim to have won the battle of Bapaume (Jan. 
3rd, 1871), but the latter after the combat fell back behind tl\& Qk^Tscav.^.. 
A Statue of Faidherbe (1818-89) was erected here vii V^^V. — Na\\a^. N^t>.>»-- 
BertiMOurL Branch to Epehy (p. 72). — ^^lalH. Mwcoiug^ %^fc -^.a^- 


22 liaulc I 


97 M. Mlraif'-onl,- lOOM. BeaueoHri-Homtl. — 100 M. AlkMt 
(Ttte dt Botiifj, sn IndUBlrisl town with BTSO Inbtb. on (he Anen, 
wbleb fotm« here ■ prettj witerfill. The chuii^h of Nottt-Damt-Brt- 
blira, tscsntl; realorerl . attracts nu me laua pi I grim a. Th« vlUan 
wM called Ancre until the reign ofLouli XllI,, «ha prettntad ll 
tn 1617 to hU fiVDUiite Cbuleg d'Albeti, Duo <le Luyns*. 

BrnBfh.llnei run from Alhtrl W. m [V H.| Demllau If. U); and K. 
tii m M.) /Viwwt (1. 13) t" (« M) flow Ip. 07). 

110 M. Mirieourt-BiMmont. — 115 M. Ooibla iH6ttl du Cbm> 
inerec; de Frantej, wilh 4300 Inhab., wu onr.e relebritad fot lU 
llBnedlEt]fio »bh«y, orwhinb lb« Chmel.of/lt. Flefre (lH-lSth ewit) 
■till retnatni, tliough diEllgured st th« bHgiiinliig of the 19tb eetit- 
Hty. The impoalng portal, with lt« two loneri, li well B«an tron 
l.hA railKay. 

ThH Sorume Is now croBsed. — 117 M. /tuuuri, at tha con- 
niiecice of (be Sonimo and the Haltue. On the banke of lh« Uttat 
wna fougbl the battle of Deo. l^itA, 1870, between Mantenir«t ma 
rsUlhorbe, which eompfllled tbe lattei to fall bauk on Arras. 

The Somme l« croaaed twice. Tbe line lo Tergnier ilivergaa ta 
the left. ~ 118 M. Lonyucau, where piaiengorB to or from Ainleni 
change narrlagea, aa the throuBh-lraina between Arrae and P»tU Ao 
nut run Into Amlena station [aee p. 74), 

120i/j M. AmUni, see p. Vt. 

JO, « fr. M, 10 (r. »«i 
ilili fuute, ai ibo aatnM> 

mluni to iho OouMpA 

TtB train* Btatt at Calait'SaM-PltTte, uee p. 6. — Va M. CalaU- 
Fontltutta. At (3 M.) Coulognt the Hue to Parla via BonlofM 
diverges to the right, and tbe line to Arras to the left. .'I M. VEiihue- 
Carr'e; 4>/g M. Banc-Vnlelt. 

fti/j M. Onlnei (VilU de Calalt), a (own nitb 4U70 Inhkb., 
fortaerly tbe capilal of the Cumtes de Guinea and at one time Atu 
lOed, la connBCled with Calaia by a canal ami by a Iraziiway (p, 4), 
To the S^. extends a Urge forcBt, Gninea waa taken by the EngUsb 
in 1 352 and held by them for 200 yeare. 

7ViM. -Inrfrrt. — 8VijM, Lalmghtm waa the scone in 1520 of lb* 
fninous meeting of the Fitld oflhcCloth of Onld between Henry Vlll, 
who had taken up h<a abode atOutnet, and Francia I, of Franc*, wkt 
lodged at Ardrea. The Interview was bo named from tbe latjgh majw*. 
llcenns with which the two hinge entertainer! each other. 

Tbe prlnuly lodglDg at Oulsu, layi Lord Bcrlicrl of <'k«bDr},.wM 
'a (ODKn of timber, whareof aTSry ilile coatitnod (bras liundred t<raal*> 
(Igllj fMt, wllh a BBTa«B btfare it, carrjlnit bow and acrowB, antai 
wOTda dui adiiatnt praHif. The parll of whloh great hulldlDr *— '- - 
beta arHBelallr ituati In Kniland, weis now pal logetlii 
'-' — — noiler, anfl tirongbt home. Thli acain wa* m 

ilallj It 

Amiens, ST. POL. 1, Route. 23 

the strong eaatle of Guinea. The house for Francis (near Ardres) was a 
building rather great than costly, as being erected with such materials as 
could be gotten in haste; his nrst intention being to lodge in a rich 
pavilion or cloth of gold, until the wind threw it down.^ 

IOV2 M. Ardres (Paillardieu), a small town, formerly fortified, 
lies about 3 M. firom the railway bet-ween Calais and Arras (p. 15). 
— Beyond Ardres the train passes several unimportant stations, 
and at (31 M.) Lumbres it crosses the line from Boulogne to St. Omer 
(p. 10) and enters the valley of the Aa. — 37^/2 M. Merck-St- 
Liivin has a fine church of the 13-17th centuries. Beyond (40 M.) 
Fauquembergue^ a small town with a fine church of the 12th, 13th, 
and 15th cent., we quit the valley of the Aa. — 44^2 M. Rimeux- 
Ooumay is the junction of the Montreuil-Berck line (p. 11). 

491/2 M. FxugeB (Trois Pigeons, etc.), an ancient place with 3100 

Inhabitants. To Berck and Montreuil, see p. 11. 

About 3Vs M. to the 8. of Fruges, and as far to the N.W. of the sta- 
tion of Blangy-sur-Temoise (p. 11), lies Aginoourt or Azincourt, famous 
for the victory won by Henry V. over the French, on Oct. 25th, 1415. Tt« 
English troops numbered about 9000; the French not less than 50,000. 
The following description of the battle is taken from Mr. J. B. Green's 
'History of the English People'. When Henry V.'s *weary and half-starved 
force succeeded in crossing the Somme, it found sixty thousand Frenchmen 
encamped on the field of Agincourt right across its line of march. Their 
position, flanked on either side by woods, but with a front so narrow 
that the dense masses were drawn up thirty men deep, though strong for 
purposes of defence, was ill-suited for attack; and the French leaders, 
warned by the experience of Cr^cy and Poitiers, resolved to await the 
English advance. Henry on the other hand had no choice between attack 
and unconditional surrender. . . The English archers . . . with a great shout 
sprang forward to the attack. The sight of their advance aroused the 
iiery pride of the French; the wise resolve of their leaders was forgotten, 
and me dense mass of men-at-arms plunged heavily forward through 
miry ground on the English front. But at the first sign of movement 
Henry had halted his line, and fixing in the ground the sharpened stakes 
with which each man was furnished his archers poured their fatal arrow - 
flights into the hostile ranks. The carnage was terrible, for though the 
desperate charges of the French knighthood at last drove the English 
archers to the neighbouring woods, from the skirt of these woods they 
were still able to pour their shot into the enemy's flanks, while Henry 
with the men-at-arms around him flung himself on the French line. . . . 
The enemy was at last broken, and the defeat of the main body of the 
French was followed by the rout of their reserve. The triumph was more 
complete, as the odds were even greater than at Grdcy. Eleven thousand 
Frenchmen lay dead on the field, and more than a hundred princes and 
great lords were among the fallen'. 

Beyond three small stations we reach (59V2 M.) Anvin, the 
junction of the line to Boulogne (p. 11), where the narrow-gauge 
line ends. 62 V2 M. Wavrans. 

651/2 M. St. Pol (Hotel d'Angleterre), a town with 3800 inhab., 
situated on the Ternoise^ suffered severely in the wars of the 16th 
cent., and did not finally pass to France until the treaty of the 
Pyrenees in 1659. 

Lines to Arr<u and^ot«lo^n«, see p. 11 ; to Bullp-Orenay and Zen«, see p. 18. 

70 M. Petit-Houvin. The railway now quits the valley of thft 
Temoise for that of the Canche. — 7472 M. ?t4^«iLX CHo\e\ « Kwx- 


24 Route 1. CLEKMONT-DE-L'OISE. From Amiem 

eni), vlth 4330 Inhab., is the junction of lines to Abbeville (p. i1) 
and to Lens Cp- ^8). The churnli of Si. Vaasl [partly 16th oent.) has 
good modern Etaine<3-g]aeB windows. -^ Sejond (81 M.) fioufue- 
maiton tbe line descends tovards the v&iley of the Authie. 

86 M. DctOlenl (Hotel des QaatTe-Fila-Aymon), tn indufitriel 
town with iblo inhab., on the AnChie, is the centre of a consldei- 
ahle trade in phosphates. The Citadel is now used as a prison for 
women. — Br&nch-line to Albert, see p. 22; to Arrai, p. 11. 

On quitting DonUens, the railway oroeses the Aathie, and beyond 
(89 M.) (Peuiincaurnt begins to ascend as it leaies the volley of that 
TiTOT. We then descend through the undulating and wooded lalley 
of the Fie/ft to (96 M.) Canapltt (bcancli to Longpri, see p. 15). 
100 M. VigrtaccuH, an industrial village, with a handsome modem 
Gothic church. ~ 103 M. Fleisellei. 

At yaom-t, 31'] U. to tba N., a futileminean refuee o^a; dissoTend 
ia 1S8B, formlne practicall; a village, witli Btitels V: ». >o AEineeaM 
lenelb, hasliEd wUl chamber! at various kinds. 

110 M. LangpTf-lii-Amiem. The Somme is orossed, and 
Oare rfe St. Each passed. — 113 M, Amiein, see p. 26. 

n, From Amieni to Fart*, 
a. Via Oreil. 
81Vi K. EiiLWir !n I'/.-Bi/s hrs. tfare« H fr. 7B, 9 fr. PO, S fc. IA 
The tralDB start from the Qsre ia Nord (PI. G, 4). 

At (2'/2 M.) ionjueau (Buffet) the lines to Arras, Lille, i 
diverge to the left (p. 22). — 51/2 M. Bovei, with a ruined cMtle 
on a hill to the right. (Railway to CompiAgne, see p. 103.) — The line 
follows the valley of the Noye, passing several peat-bogs. 12 H, 
Aitly-iur-Noye, with a church partly of tbe 13th cent., containing 
a fine monnmeiit of the (6th ronturr. — 16 M. £a FaloUe. About 
13/* M. lo the S,E. [carr. 2 fr.) are the church otFclUvUle (15th oong, 
containing the tomb of Raoul de Lannoy (d. 1608), mainly by An- 
tonio della Porta, and other interesting ^culptiireB, and a mined 
castle of the same period, the watch-tower of which is «till stand' 
Ing. The line here traverses a chalky district, belonging to the 
calcareous system which begine in the CBle-d'Or, forms the Cham- 
pagne district, passes into Flcardy, and re-appcars in tbo cl!^ of tha 
S. eoast of England, — "iV/i M. Brettail-Oart is connected hy t 
"branch-Une, 4V» M. long, with the small town of BrtUuH (3000 in- 
hab.), — 27 M. finnnt*. Tbe railway now quits the basin of tt» 
Sonime and enters that of the Seine. — 32 M. St. Juat or 91. Jutl- 
t3a-Chaa»iU (Chtnal BlaneJ, with 2380 inhab., is named ftom lt« 
position at the intersection of two Roman roads. 

A braaeh-Slne rana honcE to (11 M.l Lo-RuE-Sl-Fitrvi . . „ 

tte line from Cietaont to fi«oBBui» (lee 0, ^1. 'Uicii.W.nta Aio T»fc»« 
fl*^> Silf^ei-m-Bmit (p, 103) and iWJi «.l " 

iO M. Cltfrmont-de-rOiae (Hfitcl SI. Andte , ■«6'A 


to Pari8, LIANOOURT. 1. Route, 25 

— a town with 5731 Inbab., is beautifully situated on a hill-slope, 

*^ commanded hy an ancient donjon, or keep, now used as a prison 

* ^ for women. The Church ofSt. Samson dates from the 14-16th cent, 

and has recently been well restored. TheHdtel de Ville, built in 

1320 by Charles IV le Bel, and restored in 1887, is said to be 

the oldest town-hall in the N. of France. 

A branch-railway runs from Clermont to 06 M.) BMUvais, traversing 
the Forest of Hez^ and passing (2372 H.) La-Rut-Bt-Pierre (see p. 24), Bresk*^ 
'^ and (81 M.) Rochy-Condi (p. 88). — 36 M. BeauvaU, see p. 33. 

Another branch runs to (23 M.) Compiigne (p. 102), vil (13»/« M.) Estries- 
Sl'Denis (p. 103). 

45 M. Liancourt-BOUB-Clermont (H6t. du Chemin-de-Fer-du- 
Nord)^ an industrial town with 4169 inhab., contains the ruined 
chateau (17th cent.) of the dukes of Larochefoucauld-Lian court and 
a Statue of Duke Fridiric Alexandre (1747-1827), member of the 
Constituent Assembly in 1789, distinguished for his philanthropy 
and for his encouragement of agriculture. In the church are two 
interesting monuments. 

49 M. Creil. Thence to Paris, see p. 101. 

b. Via Beauvais. 

92 M. Railway in 4V2-4«/4 hrs. (fares 16 fr. 70, 11 fr. 30, 7 fr. 30 c). 

On leaving the terminus at Amiens, the train skirts the boulevards 
to the S. of the town, passing through two short tannels and crossing a 
viaduct. I3/4M. j9t. Roch, a suburban station of Amiens (see below). 
Beyond (6V2 M.) Saleux we join the line from Rouen (see p. 31). — 
Several small stations, including (14^/2 M.) Conty, a village with 
a fine church, dating in part from the 16th cent, and containing 
sculptures of the 16th and l6th cent. — 25 M. Mvecoeurj with meri- 
no-manufactures. The railway descends as it passes from the basin 
of the Somme into that of the Seine. — 30 M. Oudeuil. — 3272 M. 
St, Omer-en-Chaussee, Line to Le Tr^port, see p. 36. — 37 M. Mont- 
mille^ with a curious church over a crypt, of the 9th and 12th cent.; 
41 M. St. Ju8t-leS'Marais, The line now descends the right bank 
of the ThSrain^ which it crosses, leaving the lines to Gournay and 
Gisors (p. 35) on the right. 

43 M. Beauvais^ and thence to Paris, see pp. 33, 32. 

2. Amiens. 

Bailway Stations. Oare du Nord or de Noyon (PI. G, 4; Buffet), the 
chief station and general terminus for all trains. Oave St. Roch (PI C, 4), 
to the B., where the lines to Bouen and Beauvais diverge (see p. 15 and 

Hotels. HdxBL db l^Univers (PI. a; O, 4), Hotel du Bhin (PI. b; 
G, 4), both Bue de Xoyon and Place St. Denis, first class, B. 3-7, L. Vs) 

A. »/fl, B. IVs, d^j. 8, D. 4, omn. ^1%-i it. ; de France et d^Angletbrre 
(PI. e ^ jS, F, 4), Bue de la B^publique 9, nearer the centre of the town., 

B. 2iyt-6, L. A A. 2, B. IV2, D. 4 fr.; Ecu de France (PI. f-, <^^V^, '^^^^ ?^«^ 
Vovon, mediocre, B., L., & A. 2Vj-3V2> B. I-IM*, ^^V ^-i ^- '«^W^^- ^^\t^ 
Vt hot. of wine »/« fr. extra) j de Pakis (PI, d •, G, K\ "Rwe ^l^'^oiotv^ ^-^ ^* 

81, ud olbcn in A* 

D<lii. T«i 1-3 pers., per drive 15 c, per lir. 

I'hfT.f 34 pv... tfr. 

9 rr., each </< hr. ailn fin c. 

Psit * TgURnpb OfB« (PI. E, 3), I1«e J. 

■HrtK|.de.vm«. Tri^ 

Th«t^', rZ Abs Tr.itJ"iill"oB> 09 (PI, V. Ij. 

- »>■«», MMe LOBglH- 

e CPl. K, F, ftl. 

Bftthi. flo<Bi an Lot/U-du-BxI. in Ibo jit-sg 

oC thkt BBma hnlma 


PiUi ie Coflvdi, a npecIiaiT if Amianl. iQav be ubutned boo! iI 
Dt(»iili('f, Itue ds Nnyiin 20, 

^miVni, the ancient oipilal oCPIcardy, non CliHt of tbe Dtpar- 
E<Tnenl de la Sommt. and one of the pclncipal mauiifacluring towu 
In Franca, with 88,730 inhab., U sUaated on tha 5'jmine audita 
arniientB the Ante and the SelU, These BtieamB farm numeiaiit 
canalB in the loirer pact or the (own. The principal manufsctntes 
are Unen, woolien stuffs, silk thread, cashmeres, and veWet. Tbe 
ctntral part of the town is BQrrOttndad by hmdaoniB honlevarda on 
the stt« of the formsT foniacationt, of vhich the citadel (p. 31) b 
the only relic. 

• C lb<^ A:nl,iaiH, ew- 


IbTfCftHOrTa laltri'ih^p,'' The'town ^ifftKi 

i-Teroly from On IK- 

B offlurgoadj-. »nt 
wu nurpriiEd bj S« 

hmBlil(«iainl4ffi'b"°i.imfsXI.'°anJ In ifiOT il 

SpHtiuils ha* WM retaken by HsDrl IV. In 1803 

Ihe P^acp ..f AmiSbi 

was CHnelaflBfl here betwean Franea, Grent Britain 

Spain, and HoUa»d. 

tbo Buttle of Amitel, 

nW at ViJlera-Breto.; 

ooni, to thf E., Dory> i" tbe S., mrt Dthtf [jointa 


On quitting Ihe station, we cioas the BouUvardf, which m»^ 
IB limita of the old town. Immediately opposite is the Rue de Moy- 
n, which we follow to the Ruce Si. Denis (PI, F, G, 4), embelUfh- 
J with a hrouie stitae of Ducange, the eminent linguist (born ti 
\ Amiens in 1610; d, 1688], by Caudron, Farther on is the Rne dw 
Trola-Oailtoai (p. 28), tho chief street of Amiena. 

The Rue Yiotor-Hugo leada ftom the Place St. Denia to Ae 

light, passing the modetn Paltiii de Juitiee (PI. F, 3, 4), to Ihe — 

*C«tludrftl(Pl,F, 31, one of the most imposing Qothic churches 

in Eniope, erected in itlQ-BS by the architects Jtnbtrt de £i(-^<' 

lOTcha, Thamas dt Cormont, and his son liemmll. Length iTf*"*' 

1 length ef transept "JIS ft,, width of nave 144 ft, ~" 

I of the huilding is insufdciently Telieved by the lofty and axtti 

f ilender Bplie over the transept, 360 ft. in height, or 146 ft.. 4 

1 the roof, Ta-eteoted in 1629. Tbe two uncompleted ti 

"acnilB helong rcFpectivaly to (he 13tli and IBlh ce 

Cathedral. AMIENS. 2. Route, 27 

being 181 ft., the latter 210 ft. in height, hut like the central spire 
they are too small for the edifice. The principal W. Portal, one of 
the finest parts of the bnilding, was completed towards the end of 
the 14th century. 

The *Fa9adb contains three lofty recessed porches, richly adorned 
with reliefs and statues. In the tympanum above the door of tiie central 
porch is a relief of the Last Judgment; 150 statues in the vaulting 
represent tbe celestial hierarchy, wMle the large statues on each side are 
the Apostles and other holy personages. The doors of this central porch 
are separated by the ''Beau Dieu cTAmiens'', an admirable figure of the 
Saviour, holding the Gospels in his left hand and bestowing a blessing 
with his right, while he tramples under foot a lion and a dragon. At the 
sides are the Wise and the Foolish Virgins, and beneath is a double row of 
medallions representing the virtues and the vices, different handicrafts, etc. 
— The right porch is ornamented in a similar way, above the doors, the 
Entombment and the Assumption of the Virgin, beneath , a figure of the 
Virgin, and still lower, Adam and Eve ; at the sides, the Annunciation, the 
Visitation, and the Presentation, the Queen of Sheba, Solomon, the Magi, etc. 
The medallions below represent scenes from the life of the Virgin. — 
The left porch is dedicated to St. Firmin, the apostle of Picardy. In the 
tympanum, the Invention and Glorification of the relics of the saint ^ between 
the doors, a figure of St. Firmin; at the sides, other saints of the district. 
The medallions represent the signs of the zodiac and employments suitable 
for each season. — The portals are surmounted by beautiful gables , on 
the central one of which is a figure of St. Michael. Above are a handsome 
gallery, a row of niches containing twenty-two colossal statues of kings of 
Judah, a magnificent rose-window 38 ft. in diameter, and (at the top) a 
gallery connecting the towers. 

The beautiful *Side Portals are also adorned with numerous fine 
statues. The rose-window above the porch of the S. transept represents a 
'wheel of fortune'. The N. porch is simpler than the others; and this side 
of the church is partly masked by the bishop''s palace and other buildings. 

The *Imtbbiob consists of nave, transept, aisles, and choir, all flanked 
with chapels. The fine nave rises to the very unusual height of 147 ft., being 
surpassed in this respect by the cathedral of Beauvais alone. The vaulting 
is borne by 126 remarkably bold columns, tapering towards the top, so 
that the vaulting seems actually wider than the pavement below. The 
traveller should not neglect to visit the Tri/orium^ which commands a 
good survey of the interior of the church, and ascend thence to the ex- 
ternal galleries and the tower. 

The *MoHumeHti of the two bishops who founded the church, one on 
each side of the nave, are fine works in bronze of the 13th century. The 
wrought-iron screens (18th cent.) of the choir and chapels are worth notice. 
At the entrance to liie choir are large marble statues of St. Vincent de 
Paul and S. Carlo Borromeo, erected in 1755. 

The JSiffh Reliefs in the S. transept, representing scenes from the life 
of St. James the Great, date from the beginning of the 16th century. Above 
are small modem marble bas-reliefs , with the names of members of the 
Gonfr^rie de Kotre Dame du Puy, a society founded for the encouragement 
of literature and art. 

The similar Reliefs in the 1^. transept, of the same period, represent 
the expulsion of the money-changers and other events in the history of 
the Temple at JerusiJem. Adjacent is a stone trough, the former font, which 
appears to date from the ilth century. The tombs of Bishop Sabatier 
(fSth cent.) and Cardinal Hdmard de Denonville (16th cent.) are also in 
this transept. 

The exterior of the choir-screen is adorned with coloured and gilded 
*H%gh Reli^ti representing, on the X. side, the history of John the 6a.'^-V5k%\... 
on the 8. side, the lives of St. Firmin and St. Salviua.^ %^\i\-^V\«%.^ \tv \5«s^ 
and 1530. .^^ .^^ 

Behind the high-altar is the tomb oi Canon lAntax ^"^"^"^^^i^^^^^K. 
''BnfcuU Pleureur\ a much-admired, \jul o\cxxa\«i^mwc\A^ vsv^'sax*^ 


Bou« 2. 


Mwit dt Pffflf 


Tha Ehmeh 

the 3rd cbtpd 
Uie b«a»fnUy 
hr jKm TrupM 
file Uoagt belpg 


OS leiaril olhei Inla 

••(Malr fitolM, 110 In 

ree uidUuils. There 
on the li(Dd-r&il9 o 



ihould omit to Inspacl 
ar, «xeented la ilSB&.2a 
fe^ar Ihu 36SU BeiiTei. 
lepj. The nHbiaets an 

ehlafly Sciiplural. hut variuul worldly ol__, _._ — 

At tlie back of tbe cbnrch ilaea & medlonie ttatoe in bronze o( 
Peltr the Hermit (PI. F, 3), or Pierrr of Amitm, tb« pconioter of 
tbe BiBt cingade. 

The Bno Eobert-fle-LuzBicbM, bejinning oppoaite the S. porwl 
of the Cathedral and pusing the Palnis de Juetice (p. 26), le^dt 
Itack to tbe Bne des Tioii-Callluiix, the busiest street in tbe town, 
with the be»t shops, the Tftealre (Pl.F,!; 1773-79), and the hanil- 
une Pottage dt la EtnalieaTtee, At the E. end of tbe Rue des Troi(- 
Cailloux is the Place Qainbella, in which is a Clock ToiPCr, in gild«l 
■nd. eiiaroelleld Iron, by Em. Rinquior, with the bronie figure of a 
girl Bt the biaa by Alb. Roie (1897;). 

Tmning beie to tbe left, we follow the Rue de U RtCpubllqae, 
■whlth laada to the boulavsrili. On ihe right, in this street, Is the 
Church of St. Rani (PI. E, 4), wbirh has bean under raBtorMlon 
«ini« 1890. Tbe nhoic and transepts are in the Qotbii: Etylc of tho 
13lh century. Farther on, also on the right, is the — 

'Ksiie de rioardie (PI. E, 4), a handsome baildlng erected in 
1861-64, with a small garden In front. The ninaeum contain* 
MlleoHons of antiqnltlea, seulptures, and paintings; laheU are 
'attached to tbe principal objects. AdmiBsion ftee on Sun., Tubs,. 
«id Thnrs., 12-5 (4 in winter) : strangers may aho obtain adraiEaion 
«n other daye, 10-4. 

Oroiina-FlaM. — Rooh I, lo Iba right or Ihe eiilranr.o, a kind at 
tSiapit, pBloted sod glided Id the Kominesqaeilyla, coaUiiB SDUlplum eC 
the middls ages and Iha RenaLinanee, rod has nwe yood eliiDod elaH of 
the 15th and Iflll cenlnries. 

icnlptnresi bas-reliersi wood-carvlBBH; glasa-caie with small objects of bi*( 


"omen an 



17. *«t, 


10. OM- 

and IVnelgn 


ibea. - 

Booh VIII (Scvlptvrt daUsry). In the middle, to the righli ; 
w, Follower ofBacchosfbronie); no number, /)f»pr«(, Girl and 11 

• ■ - s,rii.°ri " 

OtainV, Achlld'i rerarle; Rnvitiaa, Ledi; im.Halxa, Hegitalion. Opoodte^ 
as we retam: It. liifqw, Amaion; U. £d<imi, Daphnia and Hai». Dn tlie 

Jn the second' row and opposite the windows; 11. CUiinatr, Leda; », £ 
Cimlron, Arena at Aries, tonia XIV. enlerinj Arlea (reliefs In plaMei). 
90, miahriii-i, FHBther and beron (bronieji do number, Biaiiil, Hareb of 
BakoeEy (tarTBaetta)*, v. C, da i\iiKV<,Do£3ilerrKotta)| iS,RHWtr. Bvi) bb 

ttambet, Ltmga ihifjtutnui, Giolto, — At the foot of Ha e*"'" '~ '*"" 

.vesUbnle: IK. Ciartet, Corjbaate inppreulng llie orlea of 


MuaSe de Picardie. AMIENS. 2. RouU. 29 

Cbntral Saloon. Paintings. From right to left: "^0. Hireetu^ Rising 
storm; 130. Sehnett^ Miracle; no number, *M'aignan^ Dante meeting Matilda; 
St. /Y«rr«, Penserosa; 24. Bouc/^er, Crocodile-hunt; 1. BcKhelier^ Bear-hunt; 
93. Le Poitievin^ Shipwrecked; no number, DemotU Breton^ Mill; 83. Lai- 
re*se^ Duchess of Gleves ; 64. Oramt^ St. Louis freeing the prisoners at Da- 
mietta; 43. David^ Countess Dillon; no number, *8alnuon, Arrest in Pi- 
cardy; 61. Oir&me. The Augustan age; 6. BacheHeTy Lion and dogs; 32. Cana- 
lettoO)y Venice; 147. C. Van Loo ^ Bear-hunt; no number, *MurillOy Drinker; 
no number, Ziegler^ Peace of Amiens ; 155. H. Vemety Massacre of the Mame- 
lukes at Cairo in 1811: 96. Em. Livy^ Free supper of the martyrs; 218. 
Fragonardy Picnic. — 148. Fan Zoo, Ostrich-hunt; no number, Maignan, Voices 
of the tocsin; V. Lefebvre (of Amiens), Lady Godiva; Datoanty Rescue from 
a wreck; 138. Tenters the Elder ^ Village doctor; 103. Van Moer^ Studio; 23. 
Boucher y Leopard-hunt. — No number, Lhermitte^ Death and the wood-cutter ; 
235. Benner. Sleeping girl ; 80. Jouvenei, Miraculous draught of fishes. 

First Floor. — The staircase is adorned with allegorical mural paintings 
by Puvi* de Chavannes (*Ludas pro Patria'; 'Toil and Rest'). — The Salle 
du Ddme is adorned with a ceiling-painting (France crowning distinguished 
natives of Picardy) and various paintings in monochrome, by Fel. Barrias. 
Pttvis de Ohavannes, Chawing and Oastine have embellished the adjoining 
rooms with allegoxical paintings. 

Roou I (on the right side). To the left: 193, 194. Flemish School 
(1518, 1519), Copies of two curious paintings, now preserved in the bi8hop''8 
p^aee; the frames of the copies are the original frames of the 16th century. 
207-209. Triptych (15th cent.) : Bearing of the Cross, Crucifixion, and Descent 
from the Cross ; Sixteen small paintings of the French School^ in the style 
of Lesueur, representing the history of St. Korbert , and eight others in 
honour of Notre Dame du Puy (see p. 27). Sevres vase; old tapestry. 

Room II. "Works of the French school of the 18th century. — Room III : 
124. Binety Landscape; no number, Oueldrp^ Maceration of metals; 154. C. 
Vemet, Greek horseman combatting a lion; 35. Chintreuil^ The moon; no 
number, OuUlementy St. Suliac. — 72. Hesse^ Mirabeau announcing the refusal 
of the States General to obey the King''8 order for a dissolution (June 25th, 
1788); 2il. H. Schemer ^ Vision of (Charles IX.; several good landscapes; 
Sinibaldiy Manon Lescaut; 110. MUllery Macbeth; 27. Breton^ The spring; 
107. Monvoisiny Joan the Mad, queen of Castile; no number, '^Cabanel^ 
Death of Francesca da Rimini; Renoue^ End of the day; 68. Ouiaud^ Ant- 
werp cathedral; no number, Tattegrain^ The Mourners of Etaples; Olmze^ 
Athenian fugitives. — De Winter^ During the ^Neuvaine' (a devotional act 
lasting nine days); Ferrier^ Mothers cursing war; Bouiet de Monvel^ Return 
from market. The adjoining Cabinet contains engravings. 

Room IV: 125. Restouty Last Supper; etc. — Room V: Chigot^ Fisher- 
men hauling up their boat. — Room VI: 105. Monchablon, Burial of Moses. 
This room also contains a collection of medals. — Room VII: 236. Bonne- 
grdce^ Bashfulness vanquished by love; no numbers, Dubu/ey Sacred and 
Profane Music; Tattejo/rainy Fisherman; PibraCy Easter eve; 9. Bellangi^ 
Return from Elba; 76. Jacgvand, Condemnation of Galileo. — Room VIII: 
No number, Lafosse, Jacob and Laban; 146. /. de Boullongne^ The pas- 
sions. ~ 163. Van Vliet^ Portrait; 204. Bolognese School^ Gregory XIII. (d. 
1555); 143. Titian^ VitelUus; no number, Za/owe, Nativity; 162. Van Vliet, 
Portrait of a burgomaster (companion to No. 163) : 71. Herrera the Elder^ 
Miracle of the loaves. — 14. Bloemaert^ St. Monica; no numbers, Bril^ 
Landscape; De Heem^ Fruit; Fr. Rubens^ Battle; Biliverdi{'i)y Judith; below, 
Sienese School (16th cent.)^ Three small triptychs ; *161. Vivarino^ Holy Fam- 
ily; 119 (above), Porbus (?), The five senses; 3. Albano (?), Rest on the 
Flight into Egypt. — 78. Jordaens^ Christ appearing to Mary Magdalen; 
165. Zurbaran ('i)y St. Catharine of Siena; 50. C. DoleiO), St. Cecilia. — 
Boom IX: No number, Vollon^ Monkey. — *'67. Oui, Last sigh of Christ; 
no number, Oambert, Pilgrimage to the shrine of St. Valery; 131. ScKtwtVi^ 
Sack of Aquileia by Attila; several good landsca\>«%\ no Tcaxs^^t^'v ^* 
JImuteL The body of Gen. Marceau given to \Jcife 'Sxcat^x w;xcc|\ ^SS^- ■*g^ 
sill, Shipwreck. — No number, fowcattcotirt , Baai>!^% ot ^*^^^^^5^k^«t^ 
Claude Lorraini?), Flight into Egypt; 142 ThuiUer,V\«.TVV>xv.^VVQ»-N^^ ^^^ 


10. SfjIsMll 

ratuloai 115. I^iraeit, 0»alry gkiriiiiBli'. 79. Uo^nl, Blnlbi B 
lee; BO nnmbeF, Oegil. Ooanuil uf nai; 36. Caal, Ch&riCr prei' „ 
. oidon oC tbs ditTurciil tiodieii of atsiei no number, g. Brim. Tha cbrUMii- 
ng-dif. — ROOJ. X: NunnmbBr, AiJ. /.*/»W<, LoniiXVni.s 331. fliu*- 
■ " ■ ■ ■■ ■-■•"""■ ■ " - ■ - ■■" Sattli-Dn. 

' Losll Phil- 

mlplor-, W. DubtU-Dn. 

f r. Ball, Piiitraila. — 10, *6 (firttar m), a.vaaS- --"-' ' — 
iTuj^. Sbepberds; Tl. Van Arllwii, laaisaiife\ ' 

Aatiait 3. ilretifslUalnp, Cubblcr; 9fi. Jordanu. Obiuc uuu •cecmuic •miBr; 
219. & Ben, Luidai-Bpei Altsra, 316. KnalcUu, 313. SI. JDliu tbeBuUn; 
^39 (Cutliec flu), B. ran Xundael, Landiupea i 13-11. Fm Qet f n. Sen-pisGWi 
lOe. Bn^dB-i, Qune ud iiiill, sic.; 10, FUnok, ti^rtrait; '2U. RiEmi, Fu- 
trail; Bl, 9J. /yr, Game! 20. Kalf, Still-lire; 3 <0. S. Kom, LaadBcmnHi BG. 
ncfor, iBluiarj 9. AvnUn^m, Landscape; SIT. VihufHU, Portnlt) 161. 
Imvithirc. Foriniii-, 'iU. Liagtiback, BrlgudB od tlie wstili. — Ul. 
Boaclur, Women biUiing. — IIU (lartber on), Sayiay, Oams and butt.— 
Tba gluB-caaea cnnUun lufldals, aukgiinta, and varioqa floaTenln. -^ It 
tbe end of the gallery nsit the alalrude is luollier Oi.biii£t wllb ei«»viUI> 

OpposllB the Museum ia tbe Prificture [ISth cent.). A Htlh 
fartliei on, on the right, is the Blbliothi<iite CommuaaU (PI. E, i\ 
containing 80,U00 vols, and 6T2 MSS. (adm daily, eioept Snn., 
11-4; in winter also 6-10 p.m.; closed in SeptembBr). The portlu 
'n front it aitorned with husta of iUualrious natiTO^ of the town. 

The Kue de li Ri^'publique onde at the Place Longueville (f\. 
S, 5; uircua, seep. 26), oq the specious Boulevardi, which tomcl 
the old town. The Boulevard du Mail [PI. F, d) lee<ls to tlie left 
from the Rue de la Rripnhliqua towaide the Gace du Noid. 

-n a street runninE parallel >rilh h an the K. la amoiuineut, knows 
... e lUiilraHini Piearda fPI. F, 1), bj- De Foreeville, cnuditine of i 

of (bat provinee.' 

In the appoaite direction the houleTurda lei^ to the entensite 
Promenade dt la Hotole (PI. A, B, C, % 3), at the W. and uf the 
in, where puhlle concerts and festlvala take place. 
From the Promenade the Itne de la UoCoie (tramway) leadt 
directly towaida the centre of the town, eadlng at the Plsue St. Fir- 
To the right of this square is the modern cburoh of SI.JaejiiM 
(PL D, d), and to the left, at tbe foot of the Rue de Oondg, ie tke 
HSttl Morgan, an interesting private manaion of the end o( the lOtb 
century. Farther on is the Jnrdin dea PUntes (p. 31). — The ftw 
D Lia, leading Etriigbt on from, the Place St. Firiutu, brio^ iw to , 
'i0 Beffroi (PL E, 3), an encentrie ediflce of I74S (restored In 18^ , 
I ^I'tb a bell weighing ii tons. The cWioU ol 81. OtTmi.\nSy\.*,K\, 
^•ag aotaewbat to the left, dates l(om flio ^fti^ taiA., miMftV 
fce ton-er, « iiandGome carved po«>.\ ol tnc \^fe <«i«^., wftJ 
Wi( St. SepuUbre, 

POIX. 2, Route, 31 

The belfry rises immediately behind the Hdtel de ViUe (PI. E, 3), 
lately enlarged and almost entirely rebuilt. The peace of Amiens 
(see p. 26) was signed here. 

The six statues on the facade represent eminent men connected with 
the town: in the middle, Gaudefroy or Geoffrey, Bishop of Amiens, and 
Louis the Fat, who graxited the town a charier in. lliS; to the ri|^t» 
Blairies and Lemattre, killed in the defence of Amiens against the Spani- 
ards in ISST; on the left, Chabaut and Leroux, distinguished magistrates 
of 1527 and 1650. 

The Rue Delambre leads hence to the E. to the Place Gambetta 
(p. 28). In the Rne Vergeaux (Nos. 61-63 ; Maison du Sagittaire) 
and the Rue des Sergents (No 57), both running to the N. from the 
Place Gambetta, are a couple of interesting old houses. The streets 
farther to the N. lead through the *Basse Ville' in the direction of 
the citadel. To the right rises the elegant Gothic tower of the church 
of St. Leu (PL F, 2), a structure of the 15th century. 

Farther on, to the left, is the Hdtel Dieu (l6-18th cent.). — The Citadel 
(PI. E, 1), dating mainly from the reign of Henri IV (1598), is useless 
under the conditions of modern warfare; and in Nov. 1870 it was com- 
pelled to surrender in a few days (comp. p. 26). 

To the W., before the citadel is reached, lies the Jardin des Planfes 
(PI. £, 2), with a natural history collection. 

Beyond the Port d'Amont, reached vi4 the *Basse Ville', is the 
Romanesque-Byzantine Church of the Sacred Heart (PI. H, 3), com- 
pleted in 1895, by Douillet. 

From Amibns to Rouen (and Le Havre), 73 M., railway in 2-4 hrs. 
(fares 13 fr. 20, 8 fr. 85, 5 fr. 75 c). — The train follows the line to 
Beauvais as far as (5 M.) Saleux (p. 25). Beyond a tunnel, 500 yds. long, 
lies (16 M.) Famechon. — 19 M. Foiz (Hdtel du Cardinal), a prettily situated 
little town, has a Gothic church of the 15-16th cent., with a richly 
sculptured interior. The train now crosses a curved viaduct, 300 yds. 
long and 100 ft. hi^h (fine view). ~ dlVz M. Abancourt (Buffet) is the 
junction for Le Tr^port (see p. ot). — SoVa M. Fotinerie. The line now 
descends the valley of Bray (p. 46). 40 M. Oaillefontaine (Hotels) has a 
ruined castle and an interesting church (13th cent.). — 441/2 M. Serqueux 
(Buffet) is the junction for the line from Paris to Pontoise and Dieppe 
(p. 46). 50 M. Sommery. Tunnel, 1600 yds. long. 56 M. Mont4rolier-Buchy, 
from wMch there Is a branch to Clares, Motteville, and Le Havre (p. 65). 
We now begin to descend rapidly towards Bouen. 68 M. Sametal (Croix 
Blanche; Z>ecomteX an industrial place with 6750 inhab., prettily situated in 
a little valley. Near the H3tel de Ville is the Tour de Carville, a hand- 
some belfry of 1512-14. Fine view of Rouen to the right. — 73 M. Rouen 
(Gare du l«ord), see p. 48. 

Fbom Ahiems (St. Roch) to Beaucamp-le-Viecx, 30 M., narrow-gauge 
line, traversing a wool-manufacturing district. It is to be continued to 
Vieux Rouen on the Tr^port line (p. 36). 

From Amiens to Arras, Douai, VcUenciennes, etc., see R. 9^ to Doulkns, 
St. Fol, etc., see pp. 24, 23^ to Rheims via Tergnier, see R. 13. 

3. From Parig to Beauvais and Le Triport (Mers). 

I. From Paris to Beauvais. 

a. Yifc Kontsoult and Beaumont. 

49 M. Bailwat in 1V4-2V2 hrs. (fares 8fr. 85, 6 fr. 95, 3 fr. 90 c.). 
Traina start from the Gare du Nord (PI. B, C, 23, 34). See aUo ^X^•^^&^^^ 
p. 100, — To Le Triport by this route, 114 M., lia ^-ftM%\«%. V5»xfe^'»^ ^^• 
60, 18 fr. 86 c, 9 ftr.). — Omnibuses ply from \\ie ^\»XV«iTi ^N. A^^ ^xfeV"^- 
to Mert (90 c). 

32 Routes. BEAUMONT. Fretm^^^^ 

From PsiiE to (4V5 M.) SI. Denit, see p. 101 ; ami for details is 
far SB Seaamoiit, see Batdeket'i Haiuibock to Paris. — We pase the 
Fort de la BriiAe. Beyond (6 M,) Epinay we cross the T.lgoe de 
Grande Gelnlure. Montmorency and Its forest appear on the left. 

11 U. Ecouen-Eianoiilt. llie chateau of Ecouen, to the rigtl, 
built in the Ifitli cent., is now used as a school for daughters of 
memters of the legion ofhonour. — 13 M. Domont. 

IQ'/a '^' Monlaoult, from nhich a branch-line, T M. long, runs 
to Luiarchei. The line now descende a pictnreiqiie 'alley and intei- 
secls a portion of the Forest of CamelU. To tLe right i9 seen tli> 
magnl&cent modern Chaleau of Fnmconvltte. — The train, ciossci 
the Oiit and joins the line from Paris via Pontoise (p. 4S}. 

23 M. Fersan'Beaumont. Fersan is an Industrial village to tbt 
left. Be&iunoiit (BSut des QuatTe-Fils-Aymcn, facing the bridgi], 
a small town witli 34C>0 inbab., is picturesquely situated, </i M. from 
the railway, ou a height on the left bank of the Oise. The *Chur(t, 
reached by a lofty (light of steps, la alt interesting bnilding of As 
13tb century. On the other side of the town is part of the old «>1l 
of the Oidleau, with round towers at the oorneis. 

FbomBb.iikostioCbiul, 13 11., railwayinSS-lOinlB. (fareaa ft. eSt, 
a fr., 1 ft. ifi t). TiiB Inun ascends the vJUy of Uio Olie. — 8'/a IL «. 
Ltu-d'E^ierinl, tie donspicnoiia charch o[ which is oblefly of Iha IStli rjoM.i 
the lugeat of its Uiree towers is BomBnesqae. — iS IS. Creil, see p. iOL 

mant to (30 X.J /famu'tp. 3S). 

2dVjM. CftamS;!;, with an abbey-church f 13th tent. ; to the right]. 
Several a mall stations. 33 M. ifi'n((Hot. Aiigoniu), a prettily-iltoatti 
town with 4660 inhabitants. The whole of this district is engagaH 
in the manufacture of buttons, brushes, and fancy goods of allklndt. 
— 37V, M. La BoUsiin-le-Dauge. The train now passes thcougli 
a tunnel, nearly 1 M. long, and descends the picturesque valley n( 
the Tklrain. Beyond [47 M.) VilUrs-iUT-ThiTe we cross the Th*- 
rain, and the impoEiog cathedral of Beauvais soon comes Into ^U 
on the right. — 49 M. Btauoaii, see p. 33. 

b. Via Ohantillj aad Orail. 
M'/iM. Railw.,! lol'/.-ai/ihra. (farea m ahove). - To 1* r^porlbjlUi 
route. ilB M., in SV>-T>/< Urs. (fares as shove). 

From Paris to (33 M.) Cnil, see K. 15a. On leaving CreU IJH 
train, returns for a i-bort distance in the direction of Paris, IhM 
enters the faliey of the Thirnin to the right, and crosses the riv«T 
BDTeral times. — 33l/aM. fionlataire (p. 101); 36 M. CramaUy, In thi 
neighbonrhood of wbleh are estenaive quarries of building-stone. — 
37i/tM. Cireg-lia-Mello. The chSteaTiof»feiio,oii ahillto therlgW, 
d^eea from the ISlh centnry. — 59 M, Balngn^aaiiii-'&Bim. 

41 M. Moaj-'Siirj. Mnuy (B,6t, du Commettai, \o '6i«\e»fcj>0M 
eloth-mitking town wllli 3300 iftW\>.', Buiu, \n 'Co.* **iV^ 
Priory-eharoh of tlie ll-13tli centuiiei. — UW- HiW^l^ 

io Beauvaia, BEAUVAIS. 3, Route, 33 

The fine chateau of Mouchy^ 1 V2^' ^ ^^^ ^^^^ dates tiom the period 
of the Renaissance. It contains some fine portraits and other paintings, 
sculptures by Pajou, Houdon, Oarpeaux, etc., and a yaluable library. 

— -46 M. Hermes (railway to Beaumont, see p. 32). — 47 M. Villera- 
StSipulerey so called from a St. Sepulchre In the church, enclosing 
a slab from the Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem. Ruined priory of the 
llth century. — 60 M. Roehy-CondS, Branch to Clermont (Soissons, 
Compiftgne) and St Just, see pp. 26, 24. On the hillside to the left 
is the Ckdteau of Merlemont, partly of the 16th century. — The 
church of (62 M.) Therdonne has a flno Gothic choir. The railway 
now Joins the preceding route. 

&4V2 ^* Beauyais (Buffet), — Hot«ls. Db Franok a d Anolkteriir, 
Rue de la Manafaotare, near the station, B., L., A A. 21/2, B. 1, d^j. 3, 
D.3V2, omn. V« ^'\ CoNTiNKNTAL, Place de rH6tel-de-Ville 37, new, R. 
2-31/2* ddj. 3, D. SVt ftr.; Ecu, Rue de TEcu 26, db la Garr, pens. 6Vs fe-, 
both unpretending. — Oafis. Du Chalet^ Potard, Place de rHotel-de-ViUe. 

— Oaba. 1-2 pers. per drive 80 c, per hr. 1V« fr. \ 3 pers., 1 fr. 10 c., 2 fr.*, 
i pers., 1 fr. 40 c., 2Vs fr. 

BeauoaU^ an ancient manufacturing town on the ThSrainj with 
19,900 inhab., is the capital of the D^partem^nt de VOUe and the 
seat of a bishop. Carpets, woollen cloths, military cloth, gold and 
silver lace, buttons, and brushes are among the chief manufactures. 

Beauyais oceuples the site of the ancient capital of the Bellovaci^ sub- 
dued by Offsar. Christianity was introduced here about the middle of the 
3rd cent, by 8t. Luoian, who met a martyr^s death in the neighbourhood. 
Fortified in 1190 by Philip Augustus, the town was able to defy the attack 
of Edward III. in 1346 ; but about 1420 it was placed in the hands of the 
Bngliih by ita bishop, Pierre Cauchon, who afterwards appeared at Rouen 
as the condemner 01^ .loan of Arc. In its gallant resistance to Gharles the 
Bold and his army of 80,000 men in 1472 the women of Beauvais especially 
distinguished themselves by their courage, and one of them, Jeanne Laind 
or *Haohett6* by name, captured with her own hands a hostile banner, 
now preserved in the H6tel de Ville. The event is still annually celebrated 
on the Sun. nearest St. Peter's day (June 26th). 

In coming from the station, we cross the spacious boulevards, 
and keep straight on by the Avenue de la Rtfpublique and the Rue 
de la Manufacture. A little to the left is the Manufactory of Tap- 
estry^ founded in 1664, i.e. only two years after the state-factory 
of Qobelins at Paris, of which it is the only branch. Visitors are 
admitted to the small museum and the workshops (more interest- 
ing) daily, except holidays, 8-12 and 1.30-6 p.m. ; on Sun., however, 

the looms are not working. 

The Beauvais establishment chiefly makes tapestry for furniture, adorned 
with landscapes, flowers, ornamental designs, animals, and pastoral scenes, 
but no historical or mythological subjects. Beauvais tapestry difl^ers from 
Gobelins in being woven on low-warp (hcuM liste) looms, in which the 
warp-Uireads are horizontal, while Gobelins is woven on high-warp (haute 
U»u) looms, with vertical warp-threads. An area of 4Vt flq. inches is the 
average didlv task of a good workman. The visitor who has previously 
aeea only faded old tapestry will be struck with the beauty and briRhtness 
of Ibe oolours and the delicacy of the shading, each distinct hue b^Axk^ 
repveMBted by twenty-four different shades. Silk is «c\Ta«N.Vccv^« \v^«.^Vv^ 
vmtMnting flowers, fruit, and metallic IubIt^^ "bwl Wv«k n«j\vc\^ c\\ ^^^'Jc^ 
OMlie work is in wools, the colours of wh\wi axft T\v^t^i ?i\\x«Jc\«^- *- 

BAS2>jrjrff«*5 "Sorthorn Franco. 3rA KiWt. "^ 



34 Route 3. BKAl'VAIS. from i^li-iJ 

li, of loune, DO rmin fur the diiplaj' u[ originBlily, u tbe works lue bH 
cupiu of pictures ur caftoom. 

Tilt Church of St. Stephen, fMtheron, an edifloe of tio 13th, 
IStih, and 16th cent, exhiMts a carionB blending of Boinaii«n|iL« 
and Ootblc. It hae a large W. lower and a fine loee-wlndow in 1]i» 
N. transept. 

Inieudi. Gj Ibe Becaad plllnr nn the right Is a Kater Dolocou ute 
a Oothic ctnup;: ia the right &i8le, Ciacifiiiun uf a aaint (l^th unt.)) od 
(he pillars near ths choir, eiglit snull patntings on panel (ISth wnlOi a 
Ibe fint cbapel on tbc right, a modem Hater Dolorosai in the attcaJ 
cbapel on tbe left, an EccaBumo (ISIh ceni.). Good yaol tine andieuiDeit 
stained glais In the eboir and ambulator;. 

Turning to tbe right as we qnli tbe ciiarch, we Boon leaeb tlio 
Rue St. Jean, which leads, past several old timber houEea, to the 
flno Place de I'Haul-de-Ville, euibelliEbed with a bronze sUtue 
of Jeanne Ha^elte (see p. 38), by Dubiay, erected In IS&l. Tht 
mtel de VilU (IBtb cent.) has its eoouoil-eb amber fldornad irltii 
Qve paintings from the history of the town, by D. MaiUatt. To the 
right, in the Murt, is the LOraTy (open on Sun., Wed., & Thnn. 
12-4, Frid. 7-10 p.m.; closed in Sept.), containing 20,000 vols, tnd 
Jeanne Eachette's banner (p. B3; restored in 1361). 

The •OATHEimAi (St. Pltrre), to the N.W,, though consiatitig 
merely of a choir and transepts, ranks as one of the Itnegt Oothir 
buildings in France. Its proportions are gigantic to tbe verge tl 
temerity. The exterior height, to the ridge, is 225 ft. ; tbe vanlliDg, 
which has twice fallen in bocaiise the pillars and buttresses wen 
(00 weali and too few, rises IJj2 fc (some antborities say 157 ft.] 
above tbe pavement, while an open-work spire which soared abote 
the crossing to tbe giddy height of 500 ft., fell in 1573 lieoaDse 1( 
was unstayed on the W., tbroagb the absence of a nave. 

Kegnn Ip (317, the wDrkt went on, with interraptloBS, until aflu UTS. 
Tba cboir was perhaps designed by fudu da XaUmUt, the archiMDl itl 
St. LdqIi; (be s. portal was erected at the eipenae of FraDcIa I. b; JTar. 
Ha Chambtea, who worked also at Sens and Troyesi tbe S. portal Is due In 
JHeU lotyc. The 'a. Ptrlal (frUS), encelllDg (be aoUre C^tades of uu; 
uthei eatbedrsls both in slee and magnificence, baB unfortunately beo 
stripped of Its slatges, tbougb It li slUlrlcbly adorned with curving. Iti> 
surmoiuited by a double opeu arcade, a large rose-window, sad a Bafl 
eablu, while it le Blrengtbened by two buttresses In (lie forn of tonelt. 
The hcaBtlfully carved oaken •floors are by Jinn It Pat. The ff. Artel 
(1G37), itaoD^ not liTalling the ulber, It alia rlchj Its carved doors, alia 

IsiBEiuK. ' l-he heanly of the Choif lias given rise to the Baying tUal 
•the Dhuir ofBsauvaii, the nave ofAmlena, the portal ufBhelniB, and One 
loweifl ot Chattces would lopoiher make the finest church In Uia world'. 
Tbe idRs that have been added lor the sake uf strengtheiiiDg the bundlai 
are easll; dlstlnguisbed. The choir Is upwards uf lU ft. long, and lit 
windoKB areD0-5S ft. In height. 'There nre few rucks, even among the AIM', 
says BuBkin in his •Bttta Lampi o/ JrdtUicOin; 'that hive a clear vertletl 
i^Jai£j|-bu flm cboir of Baanvaii', The ambo^s^^m Vi M.u%b& iiUb Otap- 
rA. ThB aecnni oa tbo right la adotnei w\lb a viia4«o tiMoo Vs ^.t^itL- 
IB Jeanne Hacbetie taclatinu ftie ^artMi ■, ■lVe wvi'Aax ^aaq^ 
:Stine. in erisaUle a^mofte^ .>-\n^ g'^^S.^" X^ 

to Le TrSport, BEATJVAIS. 3. Route, 35 

a Clock of the 16tb cent., which plays sacred music, and two Tapestries 
(16th cent.), probably made at Beauvais. representing the fabulous origin 
of France, from Bonsard''s *La Franciade . Another tapestry of this series, 
one of 1460, and ^ght other of the 17th cent., after Baphaers cartoons, 
are displayed in the transepts. In the left choir-chapel is a modern * Astro- 
nomical Clocks 89 ft. high, 19 ft. broad, and 9 ft. deep ; it is composed of 
90,000 pieces, has 53 dials, and gives 80 distinct indications (apply to the 
sacristan, 1 fr.; on Sat. & Sun. 50 c). 

To the W. of the cathedral is apportion of the original church, 
known as the Ba96€ (Euvre, a Romano-Byzantine structure, referred 
to the 8th or even the 6th century. It contains tapestry of the 15- 
17th centuries. 

The OaUway^ flanked by two towers, resembling pepper-boxes, 
on the S.W. of the Place de la Cath^drale', belongs to the Palais de 
Justice, formerly the bishop's palace. It dates from the 14th cent., 
the palace itself from the 16th, though the foundations of the latter 
are Gallo- Roman work, at one time forming part of the town-walls. 
The fine restored Romanesque tower at the back is now partly 
concealed by trees. — The ancient building, with remains of all old 
Gothic cloister, behind the Basse (Euvre is now occupied by a small 
Musie (open free on Sun. & holidays, 12-4, to strangers on other 
days also^. 

The Mus^e chiefly contains Gallo-Boman'antiquities, with a few paint- 
ings, natural history specimens, and (in the cloister and*garden) some inter- 
esting architeotoral fragments and sculptures. In the second room are a 
Bearded Mercury (stele), a richly carved wooden altar (17th cent.), several 
lieads of statues, wood-carvings, chests, and numerous small antiquities. 

A little to theN. of the cathedral is the Bishop's Palace (1878-82), 
rich in works of art. 

Several quaint Old Houses are to be found in the streets near 
the cathedral ; e.g. in the Rue St. Laurent (Nos. 26 and 27), diverg- 
ing to the W. from the Rue de I'Eyech^, and in the Rue Philippe- 
de-Beaumanoir and Rue St. Paul, on the other side'of the churcli. 
Farther on, adjoining a savings-bank, is a Gothic house, opposite 
which is a comer-turret with a leaden figure of St. Michael, of the 
Gothic period. A few yards farther on we reach the Place Ernest- 
Gerard and the Theatre^ to the left from which lie the Place de THotel- 
de-Ville and St. Etienne. 

A good view of the town is obtained from the Square du Riservoir^ a 
promenade on a hill, 5-7 min. walk from the station, on the other side 
of the Thdrain. — About !/« M. to the N. of the station is a large tree- 
shaded space known as the Jeu de Pawne^ where a band plays in summer 
from 8 to 4 p.m. and tennis-matches take place. The Lycle farther on ad- 
joins a hill on which once lay a Roman amphitheatre. 

The church of the suburb oi Marissel^ to theN.E., has a Romanesque 
tower, a choir of the 12th cent., a nave and portal of the 16th, and a 
magnificent wooden altar-piece of the same date. 

FxoM Beauvais to Goubnat (Dieppe), 18 M., railway in 50 min. (fares 
3 fr. 86, 2 fr. 26, 1 fr. 50 c). This route ascends [the} YalUe de Bray 
(p. 46). ~ 13V2 M. St. Oermer. The village (Hotel), IV4 M. to the S.W., 
hatf an interesting Ahbep Church, in the Transition style, partly t^nscCSX. ^"^ 
a later date. The *8ainte Ckapelle, a reduced <MiV! ^^ ^"^"^ •oi»%Tv-v'^^fc^"^ 
Sainte Chapelle at Paris, was added to t\ie la. fttift. Vxv V^x«^ ^^>^2b. «R.^iV«^- 
18 M. .ffoumatfy see p. 4d. 


ilistant. II lies at some distainie from Ibe right baiilt of tlie Bresle 
and haaiii coiiseqoenire no e'il-Euiellinghaiboui. The apace between 
the cliffs and the sea is wider than at Le Tr^port, the beiich is 
broader and less shinglf , and the visitors occnpy a qnaiteT by them- 
selyes. The Catino is a large and handsome building. 
From Le Tn^porl lo IHqipe, see p. 41. 

From Dieppe to Paris, 

[i.wjT_ in (H/rGVi hcs. iTbe quickeit trains run fii 

"Dieppe. - Hotels. Hi;t£1,Sot>1,(I'1. a), D. Str.s Os. aOr-Pu^vSiii 
(PI. h), well spoken of, pens. mi-lB fr.; Os. Ua^. M£TaopDi.E it oh B<m 
(PI, d), E. *-fi, L. A A. I'/.. B. 1, ai=j. B, D. e, peni. iS. omo. l-lVi tr.; 
DEfl Btcisokbb (Pl.O; Sk«d HSiel (Pl.g)-, all theie firat-eliiiB lioleli 
are in lie line Aguadn (PI. C, D, E, 1), facing lie ses und open only dni- 
ing Uie BEuan. - -Hotei, de F*bu (PI. u; C, 1}, Plaee de CunillH Sajnl- 
Saens, oppoailo the Caeinoi T>'Aj.aa» m TBBmBdj (PI. h; E, SD, ftuli 
Henri IV, near IbB iteamlioat-wbU'rt na m Pax (PI. j; 0, S), Orude 
Hue 913: Ohibiot b'Os (PI. k; 0,3), line de la Birre i DseFiHiLLEB (Fl.I; 
0, 3], Koa da rH6t«l-dii-ViUe 28. — Hot. du Qldbe et Viotdbia (PL a; 
D,^, BneDuguemeS; cu BniiriT de Niwuavcn (PI. e -, C, 1), Bne A«uad( 

* A. 2i/rl, B.J, 

,. - ,,. _- -, _^_^. o-H It. i toLiTL n UE, Kue tiamoetu ■ '™ »* *« 

<mSfr. TcsiellBTi 

dij. Si/j, D. 3, pene. 8-B fr. ; Bonn nOE, Eue GambetU 1 (H. B, 2), mm. 
° ■" ■■ .mendedllo aseertain lie pricea befoieStniL 

. laily found in llie Bno Aguafln. 

Ji.faiir»i.( du CflUno, on the beach, dej. t, D. Oft.i 
3 Ru« 71, d^^j.S, Tl.2'h fr.; MUl da Areagit mB' 
I of the Bonne, neit the Poissosnerie, D. H^ b.t 

aranflo Rue i.'and In the Arcaaosi Cafi d« Awm, 
b at Ibe other end of the Qrande Kne. 
irilb lead lur two pera. i'/i It. per drive (nftar midnight 2'/i ftjL 
: fr. per hr.; with four BealB I'/iS add a-1 h. respecUvoly. 

,_ fr. per hr.i with four aealB I'/i 3 , . . ._,. 

& Tefegraih Office (Pi- U), Quai B.'rign; and al the bslHi fa 

Bathe (aes p. 3S). Sia-BaU,. Bathing hut or lent 76 c. (8 tlcketa 9 fk 
GO c), children lees, Costnme 60, 'peignoir' SG, towel 15, eaodale fSe. 
Bulde-baigneur 60 c. - WarmBiUhl(Pl.i; C, 1), with freeh or sait water 
In the adjoining anneie, I'/i'S'/i fr. — CaiiBB, eae p. SS- 

OaalDC. Adm. In the foreDoon BOc, anernoon Ifr., evening or whoh 
da; Sir.; suhaoriplion per week 13, fortnlghl 20, month 86, eeason BOb.. 
3 pen. 22,36, ff), andllOfr.i S vera. 33,^, BO, and IBO fr, — TbutBK 
adJn. 1-5 fr, 

----- - e i.j. 

'ii'Moargtoii, Qua! d 

30) Chaplain, Bev. 1'. J. JokMMU 
1 M. from Dlepi^e (vlsltora' ttfm. 

I i _ 

^B a», per dfl.v, 10 fr. per>Eek, M fr-li 

^H Dieppe, wftii 23,4Winhab., is BitualdlVtv^ -siafti \OTni*W| 

^^^wo n»^M o/;ofty white ohalk-fliKB , at Aa mo'ifti n(fti« Mw 
^^mbUh forms a Jiorboiir capatile of rouU^nmg ■sesse^s al t.otiSa**' 
^V^«. r/,o estfwry was fortnorly iiaUe.\ Gvo ' r>'.fv ■. 


D1EPPK. *. ItovU. 39 J 

I spite 0/ tlie Titinity of Lc IlavrB, Dloppa 
roDsiderable trade in coal with Knj-l&nd und in 
timliBt with Norway and Sweden. Fiah is, however, the staple com- 
iijodlty of tbe plMB. Dieppe is also a bEhionaMe wateriiig-plikce. 
being annually visited by numeroiia English , na well as Frenr.b 
rsmilies, Csptuted and destroyed BOTeiaJ tlmeE daring the wars, 
between England and France and afterwards in the rellgloiis wars. 
Dieppe Buffered severely from the plagce in 1668 &nd 1670, and ini 
1694 the citadel and town were reduced to luias by the EngUsb 
fleet returning from an unsuccesBful attack on Brest (p. 219). 

The Gare Maritime (Pi. E, 2} and the Steamboat Quays are oa 
the N. side of the old Avant Port or outer harhonr. To the S.W., 
beyond the Bnisinj Duquesne and Birigny, lies (he Central Stalinti 
(VI, C, 3) ; and to the E., between the Basain Dnqnesne and the 
Enbnrb of Le PolUl (PL E, 3j , inhabited by Eoilora and fishermen 
Haid la be of Venetian origin, are several basina opened In 1887. 
To tbe N. of the Gare Maritime extends the old Vieux Chenal, or 
harbour-entrance; a good view may be obtained from the W. pier, 
iln the opposite clilTa riaea the modern Gotbioehnrcb of IVDira-Dame- 
df-Bfm-8<coun (Pi. F, '2). The Quai Henri IV, on whioh stands 
the CoUige (PL D, 2}, built In the 18th cent. , leads to the W. from 
the Oare Maritime. At ill W. end is tbePoMsonnene, or Fah^Market 
(Pl.D, 2), which presents a busy and animated scene in the morning. 

Along the.N. side of the town, between the sea and the Kue 
Agnado, in wbluh are the prini^ipal hotels, stretohea La Plage (PI. C, 
U, E, 1), a handsome marine park or promenade, ^/g M. long. The 
tall chimneys seen in the Rue Aguado belong to the ext ~ 

Aaeeo Maavfactory' (Pi. 9). 

At llie W. Bilremily of the Plage ia the Caiino or EtnbUasemetit 
<le Bainl (PI. C, 1^, a handsome brii^k and glaas structure replete 
■with every convenience and in'-luding a small theatre (adm., see 
p. 36}. In front of it are placed about 200 small cabins or tents, 
used as dressing-rooms, ftom which the bathers descend into th 
uater, accompanied by n gvide-iaifoeur, if necessary. In line westhe 
the scene is very amusing, and novel withal to the English vlsitoi 

The eite of the i-asino was occupied until the end of the 14tb 
innt. by a small harbour, a rello of whicli stiU eilata in the Porlt 
'/uPorl-d'0«eil(PI. 13;C, 1). a gateway with two round towers, 
theS. Close by, in the Place de Salnt-Saena, ia the TheatreiPl 16; 
C, 2); and to the E. are the Warm Baihi (PI. 1; 0, 1) end the 
H6ltl dt VilXe (P!, 8 ; (!, I, 2). — The Motile (Pi. 11 ; 0, 1), In tho 
line de rHfitel-de-Yille, oontaina sntiqnitlea fonnd in the neigh- 
honrhood, loral coriosiliflS, a natural hiBtors TOWetftwi, aviiwrov* 
palatiBga, besides the artistio nolIeoliorLB (^Sunntttia, ^i^o'n.xea , »a\i\ij- 
tures pRiatingB, etc.) and library tecenth ptewtt^-tA X-oVis-i**-" 
to™ Sj(:sm.7/«Sa/„!-,, the com™. Wm. iw\H, •'^'' 
■»' '" •"""""' ^'-4, in winter on T^ota., Sat,, w\ 'ft>*«- 



1 [PL il, 1, 1), which skirts Ihe base of the 
a of the tlnBEt etreets in Dieppe, m&inly through 
FroBtnont, who U hare iiomineiuorBted by » 
hnndfiome roanttin. 

On a predpitous wbito cliff at the W. eitremity of the Plage rises 
the picturesquB CaalU (Fl.B, 1, 3) , with its msssive walls, towere, 
and bastions, arented in 1436 «a a defenre against the Engliah. lu 

11694, however, it va unable to resist the cannonade of the English 
flaet is- 30)- The castle is now used aa harracka, and visitors are 
not allowed to pass through it to the fine points of liew on the 
adjoining clifFs. These, however, may be reached by other loates, 
We regain the town by the Rue de la Earce, which is continued 
to the E., to the Quai Henri IV, by the Grande Kue. 
The church of St. Eemy (PI. B ; C, 2). not far from the castle, 
in a mixed style of the 16th and 17th cent., contains huge round 
columns, of which those in the choir have elaborately caived cap- 
itals. In the Lady Chapel, and at the entrance to the sacristy, on the 
left of the choir, are some good Eculptures. The organ-caee dates 
from the 18th ceot. ; the stained glass (by Luason) is modern. 
The chorch of SI. JacsuM (PI. 4; C, D, 3), a little farther on, 
U an interesting florid Gothic edifice, dating from the IS'lbth cent, 
and possessing all that 'lace-like beauty of detail and elaborate 
tlnUb, which charms in spite of soberer reason, that tells Qs It is 
not in stone that such vagaries should be attempted' (Fergusaon), 
The 11th cent, porta] la flanked with turrets, adorned with statues 
in niches ; the W. tower dates fVom the 16th century. The Inteiior 
is fine. The bossea of the vauUs of the choir and several of tiie 
chapels are si^ulptured; and the churi'h also contains other rich 
carved work in the Pointed and Uenalssance styles , surh as the 
balustrade of the choir , the ecreen of the flrst chapel on the right 
(enclosing a modem Holy Sepulchre], the screens of some of the 
other chapels, and the flue arches to the left of the choir. The chief 
attraction of the Interior is. however, the Lady Chapel, riohly 
adorned with sculptures and modern stained glass by Lusson, re- 
prflseniing the Death and Coronation of the Virgin, the Vision of 
Pope Pius v., the Triumpli of Don Juan after Lepanto, the Captare 
^m of Le Pallet by Louie XI. in 1443, and the ptocessloa which 
^^m followed. The flne wooden staircase in the sacristy, the modem 
^^M choir-stalls, the organ-case, and the pulpit are noteworthy, 
^V The Place Rationale, adjoining the church, is embellished with 

^^ aliDeSdiluto/'Ou^ueimetPl. 15; D, '2), a native of Dieppe, and one 
of die moet fWustrious admiralB of Fiaate, who defeated the Dutch 
admlniDe Jfuyter in 1676. ThB etatue \t ^■j ftiB tt\4BT ^itL^kvi, 
Tbo moat /nlerealing poiol in tHe envlroni uS U\B\i?eVt to-s i>iiiti sm*; 
^J'_If«/« „, bj crriaee flhcre and hack. B ot B 

Sninervxl Q«airtilU (Hoi. du t^inoj Aes Baina) > imitll OUblag-plmw, 
reocbed ilio by omnlbai dlrecl fruiu Uls^jpii (S'/iU.). — Fuji IHolei dt Fmi/i, 

wilb fine tUIU,' 1</i M. to llic N.E. of llieppn by tUt ibote [it low tide 
only), a>/i H. viiL Le f ollet. It may tlia be readied by omulbiM (•/. fr. ; 
l>/i fr. then and fauk). Tbe lliu<|uli of 8&l<>bury bss ik vm& hers. The 
CiU d4 lAma or Camp dt C^ai-, on the i^liff (n the right u we approuh, 

llroDd U£lBl) it ■iTo'tber buthiDe-FlKe? T H. to theV.E. of Dieppe, la 
wtaieh 1 dUigenee (1V< fr.) pliei in oonDscUon «<tb the Ir^nt. 

way, fonaing part of a ne* direol line from Dieppe to Le Havre, 'iblcb 
]-• to be eoatioued from Sl-Vaail-Boavtlle to Lei Ifg (p. 0!). We foUow 
tbe Kouen line unlil beyond the Qrst Cunael (lee below), then crols tbe Self, 
aad proceed lo tbe W. - Ftum m'H U.J Sl-7aaH-BoB*tli, on tbe liae 
rr<>m Bouen to at. raltrg-en-Caax (p. 6&], a brancb leads to Cmi (p. GB). 

Fbom Dr.i-PB TO Lb TBftruKT, 1)8 M., railway in l'/,-lV> br, {fares 
G fr. 16, 3 fr. 60, -i fr. SU c). — 2i/i U. »«m»UNfI, od tbe Ponloise line 
ia. 1^). The line enlera the valley of ttau Eaulnt, wblcb 11 quits beyond 
iiQX.)JltHermea, wilb a haudeome churcb (leth cent.). - l^/i H. 7«tjnv- 
•^tlfCrla. Criel (Bfil. de Eouen-, de la Plage), IVi H. to the H.W., on Iha 
fcra, has a imall bathln«-placB at the mouth of tbe river, I'/t 11- CitrlhAr 

MM. Su, »e* p. 38. — 28M. £b 3Vipor((p. BT). 

1% U. Kailwai in 3V>-S'/' brs. (farea IS fr. 90, 12 fr. SO, » rr. SO c.l. 
I. Fiom Dieppe to Rouen. 

3S'/, M. R*it,WAV !d I'/.-l'/. 1" l'«"" 3 ff- 65. S fr. JO, 1 fr. 10 1), 

Swa altci quitting Dieppe tlie traiu passes through a cuanel 
abuat 1 M. long, and then enteis the valley ot the Scfe, which It 
oraases 23 timeB. 17 M. St. Victor. The line then tiaversel a high 
embankment, beyond wliioh the vieivs ate attractive. At {21 '/a M.) 
Clirei (Chetal Noli) we Inteisect the inilwiy riom Mottefille to 
Amiens (p. 65), which unites the Diuppe line with the line to Lb 
Uft*re. To the left ia the pretty DhsiBao of CCirtt (16-16th cent.). 
28Vj M. MonviUe. The line to Le Havre diverges to tbe right ncu 
■ small viadncl. 32 M. Mulaunay, From thia point to Bouen tha 
district ttiveised Is olieotful and piutuieeque, abounding in cotton 
arxl otker fii;toriee. — 34 M. Muromme. Then two tiinncla. 

3rt>/> M. Bottm, see p. 48. 

II. From Booen to 7atl>. 
tAuivArli, I'/i-li/ihn. Cfarea IB tr. 55, iOIr. W, «.^i. *» »^- 
■ FOBltfrQm M,nlei lo Paris, see p. U. ,_ 

it p. 48. — The IroiQ passes thtougb WO\ia?,^M.'M»^ 
•iB Seine, affording a beaiiUtul -rtw ol1S.oa*^^™ 
«A 01. tho liilJswhich rUe ftoni tti« tV'^m. !,xiui»^ 


42 RouU 1. LES ANDELYS. From llauen 

cburch of Bonwowi [p. 58). — 39i/« M. (trom Dieppe) SotUvUlr, 
HI) iriilnalrial jubutb of Rouen; illS. St.Etietme-dti-Bouvray. — 
141/3 M. Oisael (amsll buffet). 

A bruieh-isilws; runs from Hi'sel to (6 H.) Elbenf-^-AiM» (p. G9) 
uid (35 H.) eim-ifmyiiri, (ho .innction tor SeH|iiigny and Ponl-Andmer 
(.^ee p. im- 

Beyond Olssel tbe trun crosses ths SGine. — 487i M. Fant-dv 
I'Aiclie (■•Hfil. de Normandie, with oafS ; dsi Deitc Qara), wheia tbe 
^elne fs agdn croesed, above tbe influx of tbe Eur;, Is tbe junction 
of aline to Giaora (p. 47). Tbe flne cbutoh of the 15-l(ith cent hu 
someadmliablewood-CBrvingof thelT-18ih, and good Etsltied glui 
of the IB-lTtb centnrieB. 

About 'It U. to ibe W. ia tlie ruined Abbiy of Bonporl, fODDiled about 
1190 bf Bicknrd Crenc- de-Li on , of whicb Hit b&alaome lefBctorr (ISCb 
LBTit) «ni tbe Bblnji,-9 iodgings »re Ha chief renwlna. 

To the left is the large Barrage dt Foses. — 66 M. Si. Pitm-4u- 
VauBray, A. brflnch-iailway rnna hence to (b M,) LoU'oUt) fp. B9). 

PKOH St. PlKBKK-DIT-ViUVBJ,! TO Le9 AHnBUB, 10 IL, Hiilwaj In BO- 
lUmlii. (flrEs Ifr. aU, I fr. SO, 80 c). Tbe Dain crosses the Seine *B< 
beyond &ik H.) iVUdi skirts Ibe rigbl bank oF (bat riTer. To the rifU 
appean tbe caatle of OaiUard (see below). T U. £0 SogUf; 8^ It U. it 
fathirie. — 1() U. L<i> Anielys, d lawn with 6000 inhab., on tbs OM 
bank of lbs Seine, coDilBdng of PiHl Anitln (Rdt. de la Cbatne d'Ori 
BeUerue, weU xpokco oO, neatest tbe Seine, and Brand Aitdtif (HAt ta 
Paris; Oraad Cerfl, Vi H. froni tbe Btallon. At tbe fOTmer are a oambM 
of picturesque old hoaxes, and Ihe magnincent ChVTth 0/ St. BamtuT (W 

the altai-piece 'by Phil, de < bumpaigne in Bouen cathedral. — (In a sd^ 
bouring hei|>ht are the (10 min.) ruins of the famoiu CBSIle of ■OkiUsri, 
^.'leoled by lllchard t'cenr-dt-Lion In 1197 la command the navlgatlaa oF 
Ihe SdoB and protect Kormandy against the French monarebs. GbAlali 

4if SIchard's genius, and 11. TCn9 certainlv one of Ihc nne^t spediDeBi t£ 
a HonnBo castle, either In England or Normandy. It waa proteoWd If 
triple Unea of onlwork." and 17 lowers, and 11! walla were *« ft. Oiel. 
In laOd Ibis almost impregnahle slrnngbiild «at captured by Pbillp AnguM 

and in lail was Ibo serine of Iho murder of Margaret of Bnrgonily, MOt 
of Louis X. II was destroyed by Ucnrl IV In IGfti, along wilb tbe callhl 
of scleral daogerous h'orman barons. Ibe donjon Is still In tolsi^ 
preserTBlloD. — lie CAurrA of Jfolre-Dami at (Irind Andely dates ftdtf 
lb* lS-16tb cant., and cddUIos good stained glau, eboir-staUs, and va ' ' 
worki of nil, Including a Harlyrdom at Gt. Clara, by <^. Varin, the n. 
iiF Poiusln, and a Last Sapper, attributed to Leaueur. Tbo choir bi 
sqnare tarmlnallon. The maiket-plaee I9 cmbellisbed with b' 
by Brian (IBai), of iV<cA»l« Psuuin (Wi-imi), who was bor 

boothood, Tbe H6m do Villi possesses a Urge painting of _ 

Ihia arlltt. — A public conveiance plies between Lea Andelya a 
railway-station of Sanssaj-les-Ecouis (p. 4T). 

The train now penelraiBi the chalk-hillB by means _ 

~64M. Qaillon (mu d'Eufeui; ; the town, with 3000 inhab.^ 
i M. totbeleft. The Chilean oIGa.moTi,eT'scWim\.W!ftViQ 
iial Georges d'Amboiao and now T6p\ao68. ti i-^fftoa, -^ 
'*« Snast in Normandy, and a to-»Q«Ato TftB^ience o^'^ia.-Mi 
Jffiy fti-sde liaa been remo-ved to Vlte court, lA &\a <) 
^«s »( Paris (sfc Bnedtker". HunUiO'.k lo PaTli^. 

r to Paris. MANTES. 


^L. 751/2 M. Veinon ilUtel d'Evreui; Lion-d'Orl, with 8500inliat„ 
^■miob u stTDDgly- Fortified town, possesses a. uonspicuous tower, elected 
I In 1123 byHeniyl, of England. The Church is bd interesting build- 
ing nS the l!2-16th cent., containing several notewoithy works of 
utt. To the S. stretches the Foreit of Bity; uid on the right bmk 
or the Seine are Vtmonnel (see helaw) snd the Farttl of Vetnoa. 
Fagli Viasos to Qiiobb, 25 M., rillwiy In I'^-B hn. (farea 4 fr, BO, 
ib. 10 c, 3 fi.). The traina alart friim i special slalion, adjuiniott tbu 
main-line etsBun. — We cross the Seine. Beyoni (L'/i «■) Vtr„<m«sl, 
when there ate latge qBarriee, the traiii enten lie vallej of ibe £pti, 

Lbfl rigbt ^ok of the SeiiiB, liea La Barlu-aiiiiim (HOt, du la HaiBOn-Bonue; 
HSt. Pilre), witli a Tnlned Chilean of the 13-16th ceol., another ptiOj 
nodera chateau halonglge to the Latocberoucanld family, aid s. Con- 
laleaeenla' Hom< In coDDectton with the boBpllalg st Varli. — KX/i U. 
Brat-Bcoi. The Tillage of Brag has a ilnofoundty ( £enj, aboul S K. to 
Iha W., i» intsruUng on aeconnt oC the Itne CMliaa dv Chsmot, dating 
from Ihe IB-lSth cent., but largely rebuilt la laodeni Umei, and lavlibly 
udotned with KolptnrcB and painliBEa from the hand of the proprlelor, 
H. de FulllEuy. — A( (ISi/: K.) Dmsit Is a J61h cent, cliirean, aarroanded 
with an eiiBojive jirH. Dangu alao coataina a linc-foondrj. ~ m K. J 
/mal. T,> the left, the lower of ymittfei (iath cent.). Our lige now join» 1 
lb* raUway from Ponl-dB-l'ArehB (p. Mi. 34'/, M. Oli<^i-vmt. — 2Blf( I 
OUori-Oui'l. 1 

Anolhn railway n 
[t joins the line from 

The long tnnneL between (S2 M.) Bonnlirea and RoUtioiie cut* 
o<T the wide circuit which the river describee here. The chSteiiD of 
1-3, Kouhe-Gnyon (see above) lies aboat 5 M. distant. A branch bom 
lloDDletei joins tlie line to Gieors [see above). — At the chateau nf 
(84 M.) Sosny SuUy, the celebrated minister of Henri IV, was 
born in15ug. TheDuchess of Berry resided in It from 1816 to 1830. 

92'/^ M. Hantea (Grand Ctrf; Rocker de Cancale), a piclureiqne 
town with 8000 inhsb,, siirnnmed 'La Jolic', has two railway-sta- 
lioDG: Manlen-Slation, where many of the trains do not stop, and 
Manlti'Embrandieiatnl (Buffet), where the route to Cien and Cher- 
boiirg (R. 21) diTergee. The Avoniis de la Ke'pablique, leading from 
ihe Utter sution to the Place de U ESpublique, and the line Na- 
liunale, leading thenco to the Seine, are the most important of the 
ijroad streets which characterize this town. 

The old tower of 8t. Muclott, open at the top and adorned with 
■ .irved niches for Btatues (some of which remain), nnilee the Gothic ^^^ 
-ltd Banaiesance styles; it dates froia the 14th century. The ad- ^^H 
\Minns H6lel de Villt and TriburKil are both uncient but devoid of ^^H 
interest; between them is a lienaissance Foanlain i>i 1621. ^^H 

It was at the capttiro of Mantel that William the Conqueror ^^^ 
iiiieived by a fall from Ms horse the injiiry of which he a{tA['«t.i<i% 
lied at HouBD (1087): mid (hat prince is said to^i^^B^iai^iiiavCBfti i*. 
'.■rre gam for the eceatioa of the present QotWc ctMtafe. oT^^oWe- 
■n tbe site ot one bnnied down diiring ft* swfte. tV'*.><^i\**- 
rfjU-!8 c/«(esft-nm tliB end of tUa l^tb seat., \.V<i>-v%V -a;^>^^ 
'•'"""lyli^rvd a,„i recently raatored. T^* ft\*&^»^ S'***'^^ 





44 Bnuie J. roissv. HBOTPPH 

It ths top of iho towers, ronneil by a doublo balnstrsdo, is laodem. 
Tbe W. facade is «mbfllllahed with ■ floe roa«-wLndow uid the taiplt 
portil is tiehly iculptuted, ttiough anfortanilely mutilsted. Th> 
part to tho ligbt dites from the 14th eentnty. 

Tha tine [iTSRiOB, which eonilili of ■ niTS, lialet. ud chorr, nilli 
IraaKjU, !• unuaually brightlv lighted, nwini: lo tha abtence of M^ 
windowi. In the mvo round pUlaia illertiats with olnitcrad ooIbb 
iDme or which rlie aa high la the tciflT TaulUn^. The puiul si tha 
o( Ihe choir, and Ihoaa auppDrting tha atilud Oolhlc »fchea, are (mcIiIIt 
nolaworlhr. The trlfoiinin goller; la llghMd bj naiU winduwi^^^^ 

behind. The towera, (tom the height of the >snliing ot the aiaiei 

jummit of the nave, open into the church. The IHc upaidal chipol*. ibJ 
were added inVe'ulh century. ' ' " " J » cen fa plUii, 

A. uaall island in tbe Seiiis bete is united with H&ntH ■_ 
with Limay, on tbe oppoeile bank, by handaome modecu brldgM. 
Another old bridge (12-16th cent.) ^pana the Seine farther ap. 

Fbok Mabtei to Pikib viA AaaiaTEUii., 36 It., railway Id i.vL k, 
iraru fl fr. BU, 1 tr. U, 2 fr. 86 c.>. Thia line croiaes Ihs Seine and ItaUiwl 
the right bank vil (i>.i H.) Lintat, (I V.) Jutieri, (iOi/i 11.) Mtalm, a 
prellUy ailuated lillle tgwn with an inleteiting church, and tH HJ n^ 
alao poaaeaaiDg an imereslini^ cbureb (13-iaih oenl,). Fine vie« ' ' 
Seine, to the rijht. We skirt the hill of the finuiil (550 ft.), and c 
Ot,i Jnit before reaehiDg (SQi/o U.) Can/lmfSI-Bimarwii, </> ■■. r 
uthet alHtion at Caaaaoa (p.Ull. Theoce lo PaHa via (33'/) H.) . 
(2GV< M-] an-nuilla-tti-ParlMii, uid (Xi H.j jj-etniiuit (Solcii d'l 
BaiMUr't Farit. 

SatlwaT lo Caen ud Citrbowi, ice R.31. 

To tbe left , Hg wB q^nit the station of Mantee , we obtain a fliu 
Yiev of the towera of the town. 96 M. EpSnt-MaiiTei; 103 H. Xm 
WuMflitc, 3/4 M. from Meulsn (see above); lOti M. VemouUUt, Ibo 
station on the left bant for Triel (see abova). The railwaj' do* 
i^loaely foUowB the windings of the Seine, on Ita left bank. 

108 M. FoiHy (Bu/fcl ,- HSUL de Rotun, at the station, dm 

bridge), a town with 6980 inbab,, was the birthplace of St. 1 

(121f)-70}, who frequently styled himself 'Loaia de Poifsy'. flan 
ill 1501 a cOTifereni'B wa^ assembled by order of Che States Qeiin^ 
with a view to adjust the differences between the Roman Oathidli 
and Protestant parties. Their deliberations, lioweTer, led ti 
suit, owin°;lD tlie strong oondemnation of the Huguenots by tha 3or- 
boniie. — The principal CAurrA is a fliia bailding of the Transition 
style of the l!2th cent., altered in the 15-16th cent. , and rooenllr 
restored in the interior. Above the centre rieea a weil-proaerrai 
belt-tower, terminating in a lofty spire, and at the W. end Is ■ 
square tower, snrmoanted by an octagonal story capped by a small 
stone spire. We enter by the double portal on the S. side, an ele- 
zantworkof tbe 16th cent., bat unfortunately mui^h murilated. The 
interior, which has no Iranaepta, posaessas considerable nntiqaariiii 
interest. The nave and part of the choir show both Norman uiil 
Gothic arches, and groined vaults, the compartments of whloli an 
separated by arched joists, as in barrel- vaulting. The Irifbrii 
formed by a run of twin-nrches. Tlie miUi? exhibit TaultB 

to Paris. ARQUES. 4. Boute, 45 

wMch the pointed arch is used, and the apsidal ohapels have stilted 
vaulting. The apse, recently restored, is lighted hy five rose-windows. 
— In front of the chnrch is a bronze statue, hy Fremiet, of Meisso- 
mer^ the painter (1816-91), nearly opposite his former house. — 
Llgne de Grande Oeinture to Paris, see Baedeker's Paris, 

111 M. Achhres, in the forest of St. Germain, is the junction of 
the direct Une to Dieppe (vi^ Gisors, p. 48). At (114 M.) Maisons- 
Laffiiie is a ch&teau huilt in the 17th cent, hy Mansart. In the 
vicinity are a Baet Course and a Oolf Course. 

The Seine is crossed hefore and after (116 M.) Houilles. — To 
the left is the asylum of Petit-Nanterre, to the right St. Germain and 
its terrace. On the left we see the hills of Gormeilles, Sannois, and 
Montmorency, then Argenteuil, and the fort of Mt. Yal^rien. Various 
railways now diverge to the left and right (see Baedeker's Paris'). 
The Seine is crossed for the last time at Asnihres, where the lines 
to Argenteuil and Versailles diverge. The train passes Clichy, inter- 
sects the fortifications of Paris, threads a tunnel, and reaches • — 

I26V2 M. Paris (Gare St. Lazare). 

h. From Dieppe to Paris Yik Gisors and Pontoise. 

106 M. Railway in 3*/4-5«/4 bra. (fares 18 fr. 90, 12 fr. 80, 8 fr. 30 c). 

Dieppe , see p. 38. — 2^2 M. Rouxmesnil, junction for Le Tr^- 
port (p. 41). — 3V2 ^. Arques (Hdtel du Chdteau; Henri IV)y 
a small town at the confluence of the Bethune and the ArqueSy 
is celebrated for the decisive victory won here in 1689 hy Henri IV 
with 4000 men over the forces of the League, amounting to 30,000 
men, under the Due de Mayenne. The imposing ruin of the 
Chdteau is a favourite resort of visitors from Dieppe. Founded 
in the 11th cent, on the border of Normandy by a Seigneur 
d' Arques, this castle changed hands frequently during the wars 
which raged in this district ; the English held it from 1419 until 
1449, when it finally passed to France. The castle, which did not 
become a ruin till the 18th cent., is now public property and always 
open to visitors. Although occupying a secure position on the 
summit of a hill, this stronghold was farther protected by a moat 
and two walls , the first of which is flanked by four massive towers 
of brick and stone, built by Francis I. The donjon is perhaps the 
most ancient part. — The Church of Arques , a handsome Gothic 
building of the 16th cent., contains a fine Renaissance rood-loft, old 
stained glass, etc. — The Forest of Arques^ to the N.E., is another 
favourite excursion from Dieppe. 

I6V2 ^' P^^^9j which has declined from its former importance, 
has a fine Gothic church of the 12-13th cent., with a Holy Sepulchre 
of the 16th cent, and other noteworthy sculptures. 18 M. Mesnihres 
has a fine Renaissance chateau (on the left). — 21 M. K«q10q3^\.^- 
en-Bray (Grand Cerf), a town with 4iB0 iii\i».^i., V^ Tv^x.'Sk^ ^«^ ■v\»' 
cheese. The handsome church dates ftom t\vft VX-V^VXv ^^\vNw^»^ 

4(j Himie I rOKGKK-LKS-K.VUX. from Oltpf 

TI.H tuwn i^ouUini a ^mall Miisee. — Iteyaiid [QSV; M.) JVi 
St-aaire tbe nllvay quits tho iiUey of (be Be'Ibuno. — 30 M. 
BerqoeQx fBu/ffi;, bIbo a sUtiou on the line f^om Amiens to RanBn 
(p. 31), in conneottoQ with tbe railway to Lb TrSport (p. 37). 

33 M. 7orgei-lBi-Eanz. — Holnl*. (Jb*bp uaiei on PiBf, at tie 
KlabUwemBnt; CoBnmsTAi, cloM by, E. C A. 3^. L. 'h, B. l-l"/., M. 1, 
D. 6 iBoI. wine, pain, fruin 10 fr.; MoBTUi, LioKBTin, Jiuibln Uta lawn, 
-- BtalilliMiaent. Ibe ruri^PLiDn 50 c, anerQooD 1 ft., wbgls dw 
IVifr-i .ulucrtp(iDofgraniQnUi2Bfr., bath aVs-Ofr. anolndlne Udsb]. - 
Om-^Omt from lbs Hulsl dn Moulon W Serqneni tie? »bo«f I in coBMctiM 
witb the truDS. 

Foryej owe* its teputatlon to its cold Outlyheatt Springs, flnt 
brought into notice by Anne of Aiietris, inottier of LouLb XIT>, 
but now little frequented. The Eiablirteminl, including & cuiiu 
ind a hotel. Is situated In a amall paik, about l'/< M, fram tt« 
itntloD. The kttnctioiLi it bonBta are hardly worth th« charge mtdg 
fof admlasloii. Tbe luge Place de Brevt^re, In the town, ia «mbd- 
lisbedwlth a iuet ot Brcviire, the engraver (1787-1669). AdJacBBl 
U a modem Gothic CAurcA. in the style of the 13th century. 

46 M. Gonrna; fmtei du Nordi, a town with 40&0 inhal)., 
(lie centre of the Pays de Bray, a fertile grating country, noted An 
Its butter. Between the station and the Mwn rises a recBntly-reaUrad 
Oiurah, In the Transition style, containing some good wood-Mriing. 
I'he street In front of the church leads to tbe Flare NationalB, " 
wbiub is B roujitBiD dating from tbe Ititb century. Passing the .fJA 
lie Villt a linle farther on, wa (urn to the left, and rotam (o tl 
station Jiy way of the pleisant houle'vards. — Railway (o Beawo^ 
(Ht. Qeruiar), eeep.35. 

The lino now traverses the VaUie de Bray and beyond (60 M.) 
ICriigny enters a billy pastoral district, watered by the Eptt. 

61 Vz M. Siion (Buffet; Hold, dt VEcn-dt-Franci, in the ■ 
street), a town with 4680 inbab.^ situated on the Epte and tn 
Its tributaries, was the former capitsl of the Nonuan Vexin. 

The Vain (Fasiu Vaiuauintii) wai Urn mediaeval ouue iif tba n 

oilondiug alDDK tbe rlglit 1iaD)t of the Seine from Ibo Oi^ie to baicld 
Jooi»Bi«i I\pV. portlun, below Verpin, was (be Nnrmsn VexInTli 

Fionoh Veiin. 

The town is divided Into two parts by a broad thorough&rti 
called the Rue de CappeviUo as far as the Epte and (hence the Rut 
du Bourg, The Bue de Paris leads from tbe foot of tbe Bae dn 
Bourg to (Va M.) tbe etation of Qlsan-VHU, the tofuilnus of the 
line to BeaovalB (p. 35). — No. 20 in the Bus du FoBBe-dea-Tm- 
iieurs, which runs from the Bne de Cappevllle to the Rue de Pull, 
is a Timber Hmae in tbe BenalssBnce style, wltb a richly ouvad 
facade. The B&lel de Cille, farther on, was formerly a convent; th' 
fai^da on the other side is the more interesting. It contains & gtc 
MiiEJa anri a library. Behind , at some little distanoe, Ii * 
modern brick Hnspilal. B 

■I. Itoulr. 47 

Tlio Urga Chvrck, Antrng from the 13-ietli c«nt., on ike left 
niilB of the Bub dn Bourg, is elaboratBly adorned with BcnlptuM 
and presBnte aeveial lnter«Bting architectnrsl featnree. Tlie W. 
portal and towers, tbi example, form an extraordinary uomliinatian 
nftliB OaChii'., Classical, and RenalEsance styles; wliile tfaeM. poctsl, 
on the olliac hand, iB a remsrkalile sjionimen of florid Oolhln. The 
flnely carved oaken doora (1B-I7th cent.) of both thesa portals 
shoald be notired. 

The ISTEKros, irhleh has double aiaica, illnalralns Oie same lecbolual 
erudition and bad Uste. The moat iDtetBiting objects are tba carred and 
iwided piUara, on IlieB.ildei the aatique ataiued glaii; tba itooe organ- 
U'tt-, a Tree ofleueiB Uib IM chapel od IheB. Bide; a suulptnred 'cadaver' 
erconeoiulj atliibuled to Jean Gonjon (In (be Bed cbapel); the Taulting 
and liofles In tbe titlta and slde-cluipels; the baluBlraded gallery in tbe 
S. Itanaept; tbe Breading at tbe end of the 8. alsln; 13 ancleot palnteil 
paneli behind the Ugb-allar; Ibe reliefd in the last chapel of tbe IT aislcj 
ud the cutioBB capitils in thai aisle. 

Th« Kiie du Boaig tarminateg in a amsll equKre , embellisbed 
with » Htattie , by Desbteofa , of Oeiurul dt Blamont (1770-1846), 
a native of the town. Beyond is an attractive promenade, skirting 
the outer wall of the raetle. 

The Cuillc, built in tbe 12tk cent, by Ueniy 11. of England, oc- 
cupies the top of the hill on which the town is built. Little of this 
□ni.'e Strang fortress now remains except its outer ramparts, which 
liave also been converted into shady promenades, and the donjon, 
rising ou an artiflcial mound. The outer wall is protected by a moat 
and 1'2 round towers, Thelarge'TourdaPrlsonnioc', nearthedonjoii, 
contains a dungeon, the walls of which have bean curiously carved 
wiib a uail by some whilom capUvu. On this side is also > small 
court-yard, between a large round lower and a square tower. 

Fboj. QisoEB TO Posi-DEL-AneHE(Ronen),89ViM., railway in to. 21iri. 
(races 6 fr. 6, 1 fr. 10, 2 tr. 65 c). lliia Une Iravenes a moaotasom 
district, wiib nnmeruui tresWa roetorieB. - IVi U, OiKTi-Vilti (p. 16l. 
10 K, eirtpagns [Hiit Ponohel), a Bmall town on tbe Bmdt. witl a IBtti cent, 
chiteaii. — IS U. Saanali-li'-eMmi. EcQuii, 3Vi K. to tbe W., has b 
cf-markable ebnreh founded in tSlO. Dl])|^ce IWim tbe station to Lcs 
Andelyi (iV> fr.). see p. 42, — From tbe station of (% U.) MituMgtinille- 
'.yonf a diligence plies to Wh ».} Lyoni-la-ForSl (Lieorner, bleaGantly 
-ilualed In tbe cenLte of the FSnl da If/om """ - " ' "" - " 



e 11, Rait, 

iiineid caalle and a ^hiitean of the i;4lh ce 

ce p. a. 

From Olsors lu Btmtalt, eec f, K; to Fai-non, see p. 43. ■ 

031/! M. Trye-QilUeau, a village with a riiiudd castle aud ■ J 

'Othic cbuicb containing some good sculpture, I 

eS'/u M. Chaumoni-m-Ytxirt [Hfit. St. Nicolas) is situated on ■ 

I".' vlopea of a hill, on wbicb the French kings built a castle (now 

I iriost wholly destroyed) to aid them In tKrit aWMg^tsa ■«\ft\ '.V'* 
n^lleb for tbe possesfloii ofNorioandy, Ttie ■village ■\iM, ».'?tf^M 

iirc-b of tbe iS-lOtb centuries. 

A^tbefnlntgfenda to f70M.) I,iancoiirl-8t-Hette-«^^*"'*'^^ 

m/Tf view to the teft. 74 M. Chiirs, jOBtttw tot Mi^W'*^ 

■ Rou(« fl 


Vexin [Grsnd Cerf), an industtiBl uiUagB, 8 M. to the W., with an 
interestlllg KenslsBance cburch. 

86</!i M. FoBtolse {BStcl de la Oare, de Ponloiit, botli rt tb« 
stBtlon), s town with 8000 Inhah,, piutitreaquely situated on ■ 
height on the right h^nk of the Oiee. The town dates Horn tbe days 
of the Romans^ and fTom an early period played a somewhat impoi' 
tant part in French history, owing to Its position as capital of tlie 
French Vexin Ij. 46) and ils proximity to Paris. It was freqaently 
imolved In the wars of the lungs of France with the kings of Eng- 
land and the dnke! of Normandy, and also in the tiTil struggles of 
latec dftte. The only remains of its fortiltcations are the walls of the 
'■t ancient obatean, which protected the town on the side next the liver, 
- For farther details. Bee Bacdtker'i Paris. — Railway to Creil via 
Beaumont, see p. 32. 

Wb cross the Otae. — 87 M. Eragny-NaivilU. Fine TJew'to the 
left. Beyond (90 M.) Conflant-Fin-d-Ohi we cross the Seine, near its 
conflttenee with the Oise. To the right diverges the railway to Rouen. 
From C93'/i M.) Achini to (106 M.) Faru, see p. 45. 

6. Boaen, 

rianii, for 
handV - ■ 

ji la EiH Vtrli (PI. C, 1), tba 
■e and Dieppe : Bart dt tVuat 
Ban du ivcrd (PI. a, S), f» 
I, Place Camol, fOc ElMBl, 

istPl. diS.t]. Quid de Parit « I 'pbFxckci 
9 96, R., L., iH A. TrDDi 1, ii}. 3>^ D. 3fr.i 

IF meals m not nrdeced in Ibe boase, Ota 
I rsiiaed (srrangemSDt ibonJd hs made belOTB 
Ts (PI. fl C, 2), Bue JeuDE d'Arc 12. K., L., 
[EL D'ALBio)r(n. b; 0, t), Qoai de la Boone 

DO D^irliiK ET o'EBraasa (PI. I l D, 3), Plaoa 
ADTaot, iij. 2V:t 1>- Sfr.; DC Suuau, Bub 
!r.. well spoken of; oa la OlTS-na-BaLHiUfl 
-20i LiBiEDK (PI. hi n. 3). Hue dt la Setob- 
>E Dieppe ( C, 1), Kue VerlB, B.Si^, 
cosia (PI. J ; C, 1}, game atreel, sear the iUUm 



HsudaPd, Qnai de P 

B^pobllqne. ele. — 

Caauadnat It tPl. C, 3. 3). with a ■mall si 
0«S«. Par drli-e. i'/ift., per htmr, 21 

B BuiUanine-]*- 


History. ROUEN. 5. Route. 49 

(PI. D, 2) to SoUeville (p. 42) or to Petit-Quevilly (p. 59), via the Pont Cor- 
neille. — 4. From the Place Beaitvoitine (PL D, 1) to the Jardiu des Flantes 
(p. 53), via the H6tel de Ville and the Pont Corneille. — 5. From the 
Place de la Cathidrale (PI. D, 8) to the Place des Chartreux^ vi& the Pont 
Boi'eldieu and Rue St. Sever. — 6. From the Quai du Mont-Ribqudet (PI. B, 3) 
to Damital (p. 31), via the Boul. Gauchoise, Hdtel de Ville, and Place 
St. Hilaire (Pi. G, 1). — 7. From the Avenue Pasteur (PI. A, 3) to the Rue 
de Lpont-la-Foret (Gare du Nord^ PI. G, 2, 3), via the Hotel de Ville. — 
8. Circular Line via the quays and boulevards. — Fares : within the town, 
15 c. 1st class, 10 c. 2nd cl. \ outside the town, 10 and 5 or 15 and 10 c. 
The halting-places are marked by white posts. — (Jable- Tramway to Bonse- 
cours, see p. 58. 

Steamboats. To La Bouille (p. 59) in l^/shr., from the Quai de la 
Bourse, 5 times daily (7 times on Sun. and holidays) in summery fares 80 c, 
60 c, returning by rail from La Londe or La Bouille-Moulineaux (p. 59), or 
vice ver8&, 2 fr. 35, 1 fr. 60 c, 1 fr. (omnibus to station extra). Stations, 
see p. 59> — A service also plies upstream to Oissel (40 c), via Eauplet^ 
Amfreville-Mi-Voiey La Poterie-BeWsxify St. Adrien, and Port-St-Ouen. — To 
Eauplet in connection with the cable-railway at Bonsecoursy sec p. 58. — 
To Le HavrSy^ see p. 59. — To London direct, see p. xiv. 

Post ft Telegraph Office, Rue Jeanne d'Arc 45 (PI. C, 2). 

Theatres. TMdtre des Arts (PI. D, 3, 4), Quai de la Bourse (adm. 
60 c.-5V« fr.) ; TMdtre FrangaU (PI. C, 3), Vieux March^ (V4-6 fr.) ; Folies 
Bergire (PI. B, 4), He Lacroix 0/*-^% fr.). 

English Library ft Rsading Room, Rue Beauvoisine 26. 

British Consul, Lieut. H. E. O'Neill, R. N.^ Rue Beauvoisine 49. — 
American Oonsnl, Chas. P. Williams , Esq., Rue Thiers 88; Vice-Consul, 
E. U. /. DeUepiane. 

Ei^flish Ohorch. All Saints^ He de la Croix, services on Sun. at 11 
and 3. Clhaplain, Rev. Thomas Campbell. — Wesleyan Churchy at the comer 
of the Rue Grand Pont and the Rue Madeleine; services on Sun. at 11 
and 6.30. 

Rouen, formerly the capital of Normandy , now that of the De- 
partment of the Seine-Irhf^rieurej and the seat of an archbishop, 
with 118,220 Inhab., is a very important cotton - manufacturing 
place, sometimes not very aptly called the Manchester of France. 
It is the richest of French cities in mediaeval architecture, though 
the construction within the last forty years of handsome streets like 
those of Paris has swept away most of the quaint old houses, that 
abounded In the former crooked and picturesque but not very healthy 
streets. The old walls of the town, which bade defiance to Henry V. 
of England in 1415 and to Henri IV of France in 1592, have been 
converted into boulevards planted with trees. 

Ronen is the Rotomagus of the Romans. The Kormans, under Hasting 
(some say Ogier the Dane), penetrated thus far in 841, in their first in- 
vasion of France; and returning in 876 under Rollo. made themselves masters 
of the district and established a duchy here in 912. This was the nucleus 
of the duchy of Kormandy, which sent forth William the Conqueror in 
1066. The last Duke of Kormandy was King John of England, who mur- 
^ed his nephew, Arthur of Brittany, in the castle of Rouen, and was 
dispossessed by Philip Augustus in 1204. Rouen was retaken by the Eng- 
^■A in 1419, and retained until 1449. In 1431 it was the scene of the con- 
^Qmnation and burning of Joan of Arc (see p. 60). The town suffered 
*^erely in the later religious wars ; Catholics and Calvinists alternately 
2^d the tipper hand and rivalled each other in cruelty. In 1692 the 
^^Wnsaden suecessfully resisted Henri IV ; but they opened tho^vc ^^^\ft.% *v>^ 
'■^Ofc four rears later, after he had abjured ProtestauUftm. 1C;\v^^«sQWiJ«^'^^ 
P£ the Edfet of Kantes inflicted a severe, thouck lem^oxwi ^ \Avi-w ^^.^v^ 
••'oip^rity of Rouen. —Among the famous naUvca ol VUNa Vv^vjtv \vte r\«r 

BA*DEKKa*8 Korihern France. 3rd Bdit, ^ 



50 RoitUS. ROUKN. 

aimiillr «fl08-81), lUe dramsUiil, M. bmCher Tftomoi (laa-noe), J 

(lM7-nn>, tf/rfcnal! (liai-lffiij, Ihe naintet, ana Brnttdltu (lTT6-18fli). 
Ibe CDmnoMiT. Lord ClmaiiellDr Hyde, Bui of duendon, died In ufle tX 
Boueu Id im. 

Quitting tJie 6arc de la Sive DrrAte (PL G, 1 ) . we tnm to the 
left liy the Rue VerU, whence ne see to the left the flnu tower 
(partly modern) of SI. Bomain (PI. C, 1), n rhutch of tha 17-18tb 
cent, , with a richly decorated intorioi. Farther on we cross the 
houlevaids and. entai the wide and handeome R«e Jeanne iFArc, 
which rujie in a straight line to the Seine, At the point orinttr- 
sectiou is a hronze statue, hy Lefeuvre, oS Armand CarreHiSOiy 
183BT, a dialitignlahed publicist. To the left Ig tho Tour de Jeanne 
d'etre (PI. 0, 1), the donjon of a oaetle built by Philip Aagnstiu 
after the expulsion of the English in 120-1, which was the fceiic 
of the trial of Joan of Arc; tower in which she was imprisoned 
was pulled down in 1809. — On the E. side of the Jardin SolfiTino 
(PI. 0, 2), tacther down the Rue Jeanne d'Arc, Is the Miistfe dee 
Beaiix-Arta (p, 54). 

The 'Falais ds Juitioa [Vl C, D, 2, 3), buUt hy the arcbiteL-u 
Koijer Ango and Roland LcTom In the florid late-Gothio style, le- 
femhlss the hundsome town-halls of Belgium, although conEistiDg 
of two Etoiiea only. The central part of the ediHoe and the project- 
ing wings form an entrance -oonrt, enclosed hy a roiling. The left 
wing, the SalU ilei Procurturs or dtt Pat-Ptrdui, erected in 1493, 
is a spacious ball with a high-pitched waggon-roof of timber, 
focmerly used as an exchange. The central part was erected aix 
yuara later, for the Cour 4t iEchigvier, the supreme tribunal (Parle- 
nieut) of N'ormandy, and its facade is very richly ornamented. The 
aesiies are now held here. The iaTish decorations of the interior 
ate almost entirely modern. The Sallt dea Aasiiei has a fine cassatled 
ceilinii in carved wood. The courts ace open to the public when 
lu session, and at other llmea visilDis apply to the concierge, who 
lives In the right wing, a Diodern addition ffee). — Behind the 
Palais de Justice, Hue St. L6 40, is the B6tti dti BoeiiUi Savanttf, 
containing a good Commercial Museum, open daily, except San. 
and hoUdays, 9-12 and 2-4 or 6. 

Keturnlug; to the Rue Jeanne d'Arc, we descend it to the flnt 

elcoet on the left, which brings us (□ the 7'our de la Oroiie HoHoft 

Of Be/frol (Belfty ; PI. 0, 3). erected in 1389 and restored In 1881 

The ciock, which has two largo soulptured dials, is placed on a kind 

of Pareh of the 16th century. In the basement of the towM It t 

fountain, witb figures of Alpheoe and Arethiisa, and beneaUi tb* 

porch are bas-reliefs representing the Good Shepherd, Tha Kub 

Thoaret, to the left, beyond tbe Wwei , \fcadlttg ^ast tho ftrmtt 

Bdtel de VUle flGth cent.) to the TaiaU a« liiBfttfc V.«e«' "SunSV"* 

named after J. C. Thonret, depttiy Iram Rouen «i i.\ni1\.mfc-'S.\AV 

i789; 6,8 tost Js on the left, — Oppi^^ts 1,V« e\ii Q^^ft^t^jSi 

^osse Itorlage dses the — ^^^^^^H^ 

Calikedrid, ROUEN. 5. RouU, 51 

^Cathedral) or Notre-Dame (PI. D, 3), one of the grandest 
Gothic edifices in Normandy, although remarkably unsymmetrical 
in plan. The principal parts date from 1270-80. The central portal 
(if the* W,FaQade was erected hy Cardinal d'Amhoise, the favourite 
minister of Louis XII., at the heginning of the 16th cent. , and is 
profusely decorated in the florid style. The sculptures over the 
chief entrance, of no great merit, represent the Genealogy of Christ, 
-with the Beheading of John the Baptist on the left, and the Virgin 
and saints on the right. The two unfinished towers of the facade are 
of unequal height. The *Tour de Beurre^ the loftier and more 
beautiful , 252 ft in height, derives its name from having been 
erected with the money paid for indulgences to eat butter during 
Lent. The other, the TourSt Romain, is 245ft. high; with the ex- 
ception of the highest story, it dates from the 12th cent, and is thus 
the oldest part of the whole building. The beautiful Central Tower, 
over the transept, is surmounted by an incongruous iron spire (since 
a fire in 1822), which reaches the height of 465 ft. 

The two side-portals, dating from the 15th cent., are df great 
interest, especially that on the N., called the ^Portail des lkbraire9 
from the book-stalls that once occupied the court The seilptures 
on the tympanum (unfinished) represent the Resurrection and the 
Last Judgment, those on the archlvolt, saints and an|els, the 
others, grotesque subjects. The S. portal is known as the Portail de 
la Calende, from a brotherhood that used to assemble here on the 
'Calends' or first day of each month. The sculptures above the en- 
trance represent scenes from the Passion ; the others correspond to 
those of ike N. portal. 

The IvnuoB of the church (447 ft. in length; transept 177 ft. in length; 
nave and aisles 106ft. in width; 92 ft. in height) is in the early-Pointed 
style, and possesses three fine rose-windows in the nave and transepts. 
The choir has doable aisles, and the transepts are divided into middle 
and side aisles by columns and arches of the same design as those in the 
nave. The axis of the church slopes a little towards the £. end. 'Above 
the pillars and arches of the nave runs another line of both in place of 
a triforium} above this again are two galleries one above the other; and 
higher yet, and crowning all, is seen the clerestory with its windows, so 
that there are five horizontal divisions in the walls of the nave, which 
Las no parallel in England.* (Winkler^s ^French Cathedrals"). Part of the 
Atained glass dates from the 13th century. The first chapel on the right, 
in the Tour de Beurre, contains a large altar-piece, representing the Cru- 
cifixion and the Martyrdom of St. Stephen, and also several monuments of 
the 19th and 14th centuries. The last chapel on the S. side of the nave 
contains the tomb of Rollo (d. 927), first Duke of Kormandy, and the cor- 
reiponding ehapel on the K. side that of his son William Longtu-Epif. 
(d. 949). From the K. transept a beautiful Gothic staircase, with open 
tracery, afceads to the chapter-library (p. 62). The modern pulpit in the 
nave and the organ-case (it-tSth cent.) sbould be noticed. 

In front of the Choir is a poor rood-loft of the 18th century., __ 

screeaa of the ehapels are closed except during service (apiply to the 
saertataat fee). In the 8. ambulatory is an ancient mutilated figure in lime- 
atone, 7 ft. In height, of Richard Cotur-de-Uon (d. 1199), discovered V&.^SSS^\ 
Ida heait to Interred below. Its original resting-plaicib Vn NSci& <^c»Ve \% Vx^- 
dieatod by a nnall marble tablet. In the "N. Mftb\i;Va,VoTi \% ^ ^^"^^^^^ v^K 
ing (modem) figure of fffiirt/ fl. of Englaud C*^. i\aa^, vj\ic> aX^ti \* x^nvt^'*- 


n the choir. Tbe Wgb-alto is a sumptuous ■u.iderii work in . 
rat broniB. 

Tbe bosuUtul 'Laiv Cl\'g"t cuntsinB leTursl mu^nlCcent uj 
ms Outbic eh&pel-llki lomb tu Ihe left dd BDlering i> Ibst o( Aui( 
le Briti ii. I'm, HDUclul of Nonoudy. Adjolnlog li Ihs 
>f luB erandaon, £cuFi i((fir^4 (d. tbSOJ, alio BCDUcbol of KormaD 
>y hli widon the v.-e]l-known DUnB of Poltleis (d. 1066), mJstregg i; 


7. — The mort impoainB 

loeged'AnaoUi (d. ISIQ), 


oardlnsl, b; ijclnnd Lrriiai, tteeitA in m8-25, but modiSed uHa lUI 
wIbo ao BDuDnd kneeling; ilotao was added. !n tha eantrB bis kDeelloe 
slataei of the EUriUnals, and behfud Ihem a faaa-rcllef of St. GeaiEe bb3 
tbe dragon and stxtaea of Christ, the Virgin, and Hi salnti. The alx lU- 

■I remarkable fur its eic|ulii1e llniab and U riDked among the obefi- 

incluie ibe leaden totfin i.f Bichird Coiur-de-Llun, Flemiuli and AubUHon 
tapeitr;, relii|nar!e> inclnding Ibe 'Berle deSt. Romaia' {lee p. 06), ■nasi. 
boolu and HBB., muntlrancea of the llib ceot., a portrntl of Oard- Tork. 
tbe laal of tlM Stoarti, etc. 

Vtaitori mar aacend to llie top of tbe ipire, on applying to the con- 
i^ieree at Uie Forlail dei Libralrei Ofr. for {-tneri.i fiOc. eacb additional 
per).); 8LS gtepg. View like tbal from the Eglfie de Sonuoonrl (p. BSl, 
hut more eilandve. 

Opposite the main en tin nee of (he cathedral is abaudEome build- 
ing of the IBlli cent., liy Koland Leioux, known as tbe Bureau cJca 
Financte. Tha old Cour (te< Comptet [IBlh eent), to the left of the 
10 Bin portal, has been pertly unmasked by building-opersttonaiitlSOT. 

The extenelve pile itumediately liehind the catbedrRlla tha^ro^- 
biihop'i PaUae (partly ISth oent.). It has a doorway by Maneatd and 
contains four paintings by Hubert Rotieil. — Proceeding towardi the 
W. from tbU point and ■■rossing tlie Kiia d« la PSpubliquB, we roach 
the c^hureh of — 

*8t Haolon (PI. R, 3}, a very rinh eiample of tbe fiorid Gothir 
style ef the 16th century. The modem spire above tbe orossing, eom- 
pleted in 1869, is 255 ft. high. The W. 'Fottal, a very elaborUe 
piece of work, has a pentagonal porch. The exquisitely oarrtd 
reliefa on the wooden 'Daari are ascribed lo Jean Ooujon; and in 
llio Lust Judgment of the lympannm bas-reli?( Mr. Raskin Unde- a 
'featfui grotesquenees' worthy of the united povers of Oicagna and 
Uogarth, The chief points of interest in the interior are the Oolhtn 
staircaae leading to the organ (;l6th cent.), (be stained glass (16'10lb 
cent,), and the organ'oase and other carvings. 

Ibe flaitltrt of SI, Maclim. an ancient cemetery encloeed with trctiit, 
"Mr coayerted Into aehool-bnlldlaKs. On tVe fUlua itill Un«eT tune 
'eiiljtiand fnnaiBols of a Dance of Dealb, 

Wb now letara to the Bue de la Ui?u\t\u\oe a.n4. iettAiA 'a.Vi 
feit At tJie corner of tho Bue WaaTe-l-oiiwiva , \a "—'*•*' 
s tlie MaU^n Saalon-doujon, it A"6C fc*' 

IniUsuiicB style, with elnborat^ (Ktriing. Tbe Rue lies llaliss, lownr 
IWD, leads to the tight to the Anciennes Hallei (I'l. D, 3), whera 
lere U a curioQB aionaiaeat of the RenBlagsnca in the shape of the 
Ou^tle 8t. ifomain (1542-43), s covered tetr&c«, uadar which runs 
a vaulted puuge. The undent ceremony of the 'laves de la flstte', 
or raising of the reliquary of St. Itomsin by a condemned prleonsr, 
who thiiE oht&ined pardon, used to be performed here every year 
Ascension Day. Passing under the sribway of the nhapel, w6 
n reach the quays. ' 

The (tnays extend for I'/i M. along the bankc of the Seine, her»i 
_>wardEor300yds, in breadth. The river is even at this distanM' 
-fVom the sea (^0 M.) affected by the tide, and a hatbeur of oon- 
fSderable depth and capacity has been formed at Ronen by means of 
<lredging, extending, and emhanliiag the channel of the river. The 
Pont Comtille, or 'Stone Bridge' (PI. D, 4), oonstruoted In 1820, 
passes over the lower end of the lie LacrnLr, where there is a Statue 
uf Comeilh (p. 64), by David d'Angers. ParHier down Is the PoM. 
Beitlditu I PI. D, 4) , a handsome iron bridge, erected in ISSQ-Hg, ' 
Still foither down a 'Pont Tranibordeur', or moving bridge slung' 
from two lofty towers, is under construction. Above the Pont Cor ' 
neille la the Parte OuUltHime-lt-Lion (PI. K, 3), a relic of the cr1< 
walls (1749), with sculptures hy 01. Le Prince. The church a 
Bonsecours and the monument of Jeanne d'Arc on the hill beyun^] 
Hce well seen ftom tbe quays, 

On the oppoelle banli lies the suburb of Si. Seoer, in whioh 
the Gam de la Rive Omiehe (p. 48; PI. D, E, 6), and the " 
d-OTllani (p. 48; PI. C, D, 6). 

This aoburb offers few atlTuiions to the Insrltt. Tb« Bus La Fayetl 
and Rue Bl. Sever lesdlne direetlv (piim tbe abave-meDtlased bri' — — 
verge at the modem cbDrcb or 31. Sner. Tbe JoriMn da film 
"Bj), about V» *<■ tbeuce, i« uninloresdng. The ulreel to 
ID m>nl of Bt. Sever, and Ibod the Bse 3t. Jollea, (o UiB loft 
lo the modem Bomaaesqus ctamsih of at. Climail, In front of w: 
iiiBimttH cfOie AbM di la Balk Iieai-1TI9), founder of tbe 
Pr^res do la Doctrine Cbn!tieiinB or 'IgnoiaotlDa', The society is 

tbelr headquarlBH Crnm 17US UU 1T7U ami where the abb« died. 

Parallel to the IJuai de la Bourse, which extends along the N. 
bank to the W. of tbe Pont Boleldfen, stretches the (.'ours Boieldiev, a 
f:ivonrite promenade, where a band plays ocoasionally in summer. 
At one end is the The/ttre dei Arte (PI. D, 3, 4), and at the other 
a btonze Statue of Boieldieti (p. 50). Adjacent are the Bourn or 
ICzehange (PI. 0, 4), STt 18lb cent, bnilding, and tbe new H6lel des 
Tiliffraphn et TlUphones. At the W, end of the Qnai de la BoarBfl 
i»;the;Oouane (PI, C, 4), 

We leave ibe quay and re-enter the Www \i^ ftieWwa iai-ivwi 
ifArn (comp. p. 60). On (he left rises the TtreWv Vvifto tto-Smt tVo-f* 
ftTft «»«»( (PI. o, .3), b,m lu fho tetlt cenl., «\ftv i* to-«>ix ^ii'^* 
mgl'ti. ■" Ass do„i,lo aisles, but uolrB,iis6pl. "V^ift NJ - e^^vv^^'^ 


54 Route fl. KOHKN, Hot. <lu E 

with iU gracel'iil pomh, and the S. porUI, with its flue wnaitQn 
dooH, should ba noticed. 

TbD •8labud Blati (16lh cent.) in tbs kitlei >ud ambulstarf of IMi 
ctiureli li the Snest In Bnaea. The windows at the toil of Ox N. title 
lif fngrraiKf sod Jaiin li n-inci, of HeSiUvi,(i, uHCDniidered lbs beal; tbc* 
represent Ibe Works ofUercy and Ibe Gloriacalion of Ibe ViiEin. In the 
chapels un each side of the choir ue aome goud wood^curriDBsClblb ctnt.j, 

Farther to the N., on tbeesmeelde of the street, le thehandsoma 
Tout St. Andrf [PI. 0, 3), a reUe of an old chutrJi of the ]6-ll)th 
uenturies. It staDds in a ttaiW square, on one eide of wbicb the front 
of a timber- dwelling of 1520 has been le-erected. View from tlie 
towor, ascended by an easy staitcaEe (always open; fee). 

The Kue dea Oaie, running to the W. from this point, leads to 
the email Flaet de la FuctUt [PI. C, ii}, long supposed to be the 
scene of the burning of Joan of Arc(coinp. below). Tlie place is now 
occupied by a paltry figure of Joan over a fountain. 

The •Hital dn Btrarjtthironlde [PI, C, 3), on the W. side 
of the Place (No. 15), erected at the oloee of tbe 15th oent, in the 
style of the Palais de Jostloe, is adonied with numerous relieft, some 
of which represent the interview on the -Field of tbe Olotb of Gold' 
(1520; p. 22). Tbe^aceful hexagonal tower is decorated with seulp- 
tiicei, and die windows are also very beautiful. The building is 
now occupied by a bank, but the conrt open to the public on week- 
days (on Sun. apply to the connierge), 

A little higber up Ihsn the Place de U PucuUe is the Piact Ju 
Vieux-MaTBhl (PI. 0, 3), wbece Joan of Arc was burned in 1431, 
un the spot marked by a cross on our plan. 

S.W. of the Plaas,3)f bis dir ell ins-bo use,' now public prspertr, i> 
»itn»ted al Pelll-Couronne (p. SB), 5Vj M. to the S.W. 

From tbe N.W. corner of tbe Vieiix Marohtf the Riio OanchoiSB 
leads to the Place Caachoise (PI. B, 2), with a monument to Poilytr- 
QuatitT, ministoc of finance In 1871, by QalUoux (1894). Thenee 
the Rue Thiers leads back to the Jardia Solf^rino, with the Mns^e. 

The Kniie-Bibliotlitqne (PI. C, 2), a handsome modein edi- 
flue by Satlvageot, with tittle ornamentation, was opened in 1888. 
In front of the entrance faoing the garden are seated Bgares of 

■ Michatl Anguier and Nic. Pousiin^ and on the basement, to the 

right, is a medallion of G. Flaubert (1821-80), the anther, a udTe 
of Kouen. The 'Miuit des Beaux-ArU U open daily from 10 (Hon. 
from 12) to 4 01 6; gratis on Tbura., Snn., and holidays, othei diys 
1 fr. The great staiccaae in the vestibule ascends to the oettiDts 
mUectiona. To the right and left on the gronndfloor are the scidp' 
tare rooms, and buyoiid them tbe cQUatttoti^ o^ snAtM. ^^a^t'\ 
mad modem (left) paintings. Sticks a.^4 umVeWi* nmAXw ^^^ 
ap (no fee). Catalogue 1 fr. 

^VM^ ROt'EN, fl. RouCt. 

of DUna; ISD. U/ttrt- Devnitr, gtointDe-sUir; 9SS. Simarl, Ore 
l-oiulol. ClilacL baiu aod caalg. — The Booh to tun Biout rli 

if wUch ars fiom the mDnnineot of Qen. B _ _ 
■ triioi IhBt of IhB painlpp OifrlcliUl (p. 60) by «« 
Comeille by Caffliri, 981. Bacohnnid, hy iVodd 
iHUHUE.. Old Muter!, I, Linai Boon. To tbB leR: no nnmbi 
Trev, Suiuuis and Ihe Elders; 330. LaraitUtri, Portr^ti 488. Bigat, 

e Tn>¥, f>Bti. AnrEnainn, OW 
Ml, 4&1. Summer, 4S). Sprir 

I, BtFChtDBlB I 113. J. B. Co 

5)3, M3. SUIIiL, BtFchtaslBi li3. J. B. Conuiltt, RbIiIuk ot Latsrdi) GOO. 
niKD, Hagar and iBhmul; ffI6, /lalion SeAoel, UsdODoa and Child; iBB. 
Kino, Uaac hlesaing Ji.toh; 31. Berglum. Gnnrarti 613. «<Ad<i[ d/ fldtmi, 
AdontlDn of Ihs Shepherds, U^, yriicln-, Ooncerti 43S. />. ton Mil, Genero!- 
^— -' — '-'- 1((0. J. IBB ScwdrlVBt, Lindscspei 601, n.polo, A game of 
mgnard. Hme. de Mafntenon. la the cenlrs, btoaia Hgare 

, -^ „ "-— B next the garden eontaia 

F™ ITIuM™ (503, 863), a 

if Cnpid, by Marqvali. — Tte twc 

,. -, --, .11 (2M), and olher Flenilj- 

II. LdQi: EooK. To the left: 670, Vltaimii. 615, JVinfiA ScAggJ, 
PortTaiti; RS«<tv, m. The Good SamaHtan, 183, Zacharlah) 621. Fl/mtitt 
Sehoat, Portrait; 2BB, Guireino. Viiltationi no nnmber, ^ttiih SOioal 
tl1» enf,;, at. Peter weenlngi 03T, Bttimma, Oolnmhua nteelvlDg the 
Papal Boll before hia eecond voyage id Ameri.-a (14B3); 8B, rslB^s Coilallf, 
Mudonna; 84. Ann. Carraecl, Bt. Francis of Aaiiai; HTi-Vtt. Ftrufian, 
Adoration of the Uagi, Baptism of Chilit, Beinrreetion (predelle of the 
Aacenalonat Lyon:<]4 ■ffTS, r(n>iHj>, St, Bareabai healing the aieb; *0, Citra- 
roftti, PhUoiopbet) 172. DeM, 'Carit&a B.imana--, 073. rn-enua. Vitlnn, — 
610. Stien, Warer-seller; 430, Van Mai, Head af an old man. -VO. Ocrard 
DarUt, Madonna and saintsi »«. dr Efyiir. The mDsio lesaod: !17(, Jirr- 
daaH, Head of an Did maB ; 863. Ltmamltr, Piagae at Hilin ; 4bl, Salrml, 
PreHinlaHoB in ihe Templej 360. Lmumnitr, same gubjesti •696. TiBKra, 
VUlage-fiaeti -648. SiAool of FmlalnMiau, Diana lialhlngi £61. JV. da 
Trof, Dncheiaa de la Force; 131. Mlonari, Sett, Homo; 367. Lt Jfain, 
Nativity, US.L.Da>ii,MBie. Lehinn; 481. rf>uifn, Tenni and fineaa, 384. 
/oMsuf, Death of St, Francis; 0,%. .ifiydtn. Boar-hunt; 160, 162. Onhari. 
Harlyrdom of BI. Andrew; 309. Lalilre, AdoraUun uf the Sbepherdr. 

The III. Labob Booh eonUina 9t works by Jaiumrt, "ho wna > 
nailre of Ro>iob; also: H. Bebtrt, 005, BOl, Monnments and ralna; LaMrc. 
:ilO. Sativlty, 513. Descent from IbeCroas; 160. Dtiperlu, Sttg-hiinl; 467. 
Oudrr, Deer parsued by huand'; 631. Peutiia. St. Denli. — SuiLi. Ebd 
Book. UnlmporWnt worlia of the Freoth adhtt.d. — I, ItoDH TfJ tab Hiobt, 
on Iba aide nait at street, Dr»vin;i hy Blricaull and ither magiera. — 
II. Book *d thi Bionr. Worka i>r the llulien School. 04, 6T5. t^tnsum 
ArlUU, Kadonnai; 30. BanmB, Adoration ni the Shepherdi; 686. ficAooI 
D/n«liin.rcA(D, Madonna in glory; 06. acXtet of BoltlalH, Veilala; 706. 
C^tnUKn ArlUI, Hun, 608, 607. XHicarMi, Ludacapel; 80. AeoUmo Car- 
roai, Ohrlat appurlag tn Hary IhgdaleQ ; 4. CaravagglD, St. Behaathio and 
Irene, ets. — The Oillxbi nn the other ilde Df the large momi confaina 
ancient and modem rInvrlD°ii, a fen- flna crayonn (Oirl nurprhied, by 
Mae/ami and four palnllnga Inolndtng {16} a drcumoiiilon atrrlholed to 
BaiMWK. — The stalrcaaea at Ihe end of Ihla gUlery lead to the other 
<ilDg of the building. 

Modem Pictnren. Ska tt. Rook at the end (to the right in approaching 
from (be Sealptnre Room). Worka by Eufhimlt Uuraltit. — Lahoe Book. 
To the left: 349. ?»'«'.«, Dogi; 177. Dubtifi, Stady; 147. Baubieaf, 
l.andieua i IBS. Saol, Alonso Cano on the acalToid; 143. DaiOiiing, Banki 
of (he lllii-, 196. Flammg. Taking of tha Battllle; "SA. GuiUantt, %«UN^ 
>l vm»n fCtlradoi), 87. aoflin. Game at lotto; VKA. Zlem, C™iWv«Sv^o- 
A'*-; ■^;?""'^ J*" ^'""' '"' number, PMI. Zmhorie, The'a>.*.«»v 
— - JST"^; "jueppH. - 25. Stllnngt, Clkareo ot e«.T».\n ..V Tdsttavs "- 


56 Hautt 5. ItOULN. ^HMMH^ 

116. Itfi. Cornt, ViewiorYJUed-Avny; 314-^. CifrfiMiiIl. SlndieB, Purtnit 
iifEug. UelUTHlii tOe.OIr><r<n,lluu<:reufllieA]jiiiiaaiTaKe>t iSi-S.Btla- 
triiix, JuBtiue of Tr^u; BOS, Zieot, LudsMpei fiOT. ReHitgreut, knitw 
msiitisiGlS.i'Ml.Sowirdu, TfaeCbeeeesfUtl.i^lDiiK.TbeeBiDeatFiugtiSTa. 
£(i-Dv, Christ at tbebunBenfLuEBrna; 1)16. Pofrar. I>Biilh af BniiiMUii ; 189. 
Biita-ll, At the iUHne of St. Oeurgesi 6Jl. Btevcii, Daft work; IIU. J). Coon 
lof Ronen), Bolai} d'Anslas presiding a,t tbe ConveotinD. — Oalleki id' 
ioigiDg Ibe etreel; IBS. Patrcii, Jam of Arc ied la tUe ai»\ei lie. Umlm, 
Quott-plDfert; 166. Dimarui, The Insl •njrteei 3^. Alalia, TIh Bii*BrlT 

FoHralt; Bev'enJludKBpeal 313. ^riHid. Bowls it PddI Ayen' (p. seO). -^ 
Shiu. Kuuve OTerlooklug the eud^n. 119. OmvoM, 11. BtrlUlemv, Bel- 
pleeeai 63T. fioufat, Dmie In e:iils. — Qallrhi adjolnluR ttaii Senlpliue 
Boom. SH.LOTim, Street in New York ^ OO-Dtfaia, Banks ofthclAirt; 
11. AtiBi, OliBrlotU Corda; ; 21. Bwlo, Lnnie XIV. •iieeolvlne tfae Pirleramli 
toa.jfiriruii, CloviiU.)37B. jF^nnl.Iiiaeunbllne-liDntWi 131. Ctoxrl, Skeli'li 
for Ibe ptclore of Ulrabeau anil Dnux-Br^Ki, at Veri^llei. 

The^iaoNu Floob (open Bun. and Thun. only), niofaed bj the aliurGaae 
beyond the laAt raom. eontaina a OolifetioH of Engravings ajid a jupplement 
atj Fict«rs Bcaiay, oonsilling rhielly of mndani works of secondWT ta- 

The baramio Oslleelion, oecDpying lii fodidb on the nrst noar, puniiili 




heCaramio Oslleelion, obcdd) 

by P, 

The Mtinicipai Library (adm. daily, 10-6], in tlio Imildlng at Mib 
back of tlie Masdc, contains 132,000 printod liookg, 3B00 MSS., STIX) 
niBdals and coins, and about MOO portraits of eminent Notmans. 

At ttie angle of the Mus^e a^oining the Kae Tbiers is ths Jtfon- 
utnent of Bouilhil [1824-69], poet and draniatist, a fonotain with 
bust Ijy E. Goilianme, Opposito la the deseeraled CVmrrh of St. Lau- 
rent fl5-16th cent.), with an inlereeting lower. 

Behind St. Laurent is the chuich of St. Oodard (Fl. U,2), daUng 
partly from the IBth oentiiry. The na?e and aisles of this clmreh are 
oT BQcal size and iinviulted; the foTiner tenclnateE in an apse of 
three sides. Most of the fine stained glass is either modem or 
restOTed. The chapels to the right and left of the choir each contain 
a good window of the 16lh century. The cboit itself la decorated 
with mural psintinga by Le HiJnalT, and eontaina a gilded canopj'. 

If the afternoon is advauced, visitors ahonld go direct ftoin Uii) 
"hurch to the Museum af Antiiiuittos (cloeed at 4 or 5; p. 57); other- 
wise they may fallow the Rue Thiers to the Place de I'HdUl-de-VUtt. 

Here stands the church of ••St. Onea (PI. D, E, 2), one of the 
mait beautiful Gothic churches in existence, surpassing the cath- 
edral, both In extent and In excellorioe of style. Mast of it was built 
in 13i8-39, by Atcz. Berruvat; but the W. Portal, Hanked by two 
UiWBTs 2S2ft. in liQight, and unfortunately a little too small, w*s 
ereetedlo t848-62. rhe'Tower over Ab ira.raB-s*-^'^^*'- va b*i|Jit 
M/id Staked with graceful lurreis, is swtniamvWi "^1 OTitn«*t!mA, 

B-ort ;antern, tenninating ii\ a gaUei'j ^e.Bfifei'^A*:^^ 

to Ifonaandio') which Rommands a, fine ^toa-eeti. ■S\i«"S."S»«<<*'- 
feci is adjoined by the H6tel da Vltte ^. ^V ^^^ ^^ \o.v."J- V>*» 

1>iil the S. *PoTlait dei Harmouaeli, m (called fruiti tbe bnnis witli 
nbioh it ia adorned, deierves minute iDBpection. The relJefB over 
the door rflptesent (he Dastb and AsBumptloii of the Virgin. Abova 
tills portal is a mngnillcent raEe-ivindow, ECill higher is an arcade 
wiHi ail etatucs, and the whole Is crawned with a pediment bearing 
.1 atame 0/ St. Ouen ( d. 678). Archhiabop of Rouen. 

IntsriDi. Tlie pFuportluna uf the duureb (iBS ti. in lensSh, HI ft. In 
wliUn Iranjepi IBS ft. in langlli] lueft. in lieighl) are rein»rltaWj plem- 
Ing. There ixb nu UlsFal chnpels oB tbe nsve. The nails ipptu to be 
■JmoK eatirelf diipUccd t>; lliB numeruns windows, 196 in nnmbur, alJ 
tilled wilb suanrjd glut (11-lBlh cenlj. The unnsuollj lufty Iriroriunj is 

wiadows, ilBO ailtd'wilh elBlned glut. The encefnl and Kght elTecl 
prodaeed bf Ihe inlerloc is laigely due lo tha ahiecce of non-ilTBetnisI 
orDBmsDUtlon. Konc of the few worlii of ul in Uie charcb *re pa> 
tienlarly nolewDrtbj, cieept, jerhsiis, the tambi of Iwo abhfi otBt. Oui:n 
In the Lady Chspel. — The verger (fee) gliowi Ihe oholi^chapeli, some or 
which conlalD good 16lb c?nl. tapestilei. and polnli out several spoU 
wMCta eommand rinavjewi of lbs Intorior. The ^ne bammered iron rail- 
ing round the choir was eiecuted by Nlc. Flambart in IT3»4T. The £Df 
geotit modern Gothlo biah-iJIai wai designed bj gauvageot. The whoU 
of the laUtiur i> renested In the b^niUar near Hie W. dnor. — The viaitoF 
vhuuld not omit to ascend lo (he trlfurium and the outer gallery (I b. 

The Eat«l ds ViUs (Fl. U, E, 2), on the N. side of tha church, 
« building in the Italian style, wag formerly part of the monaBtety of 
)^t. OuBD. It ooDtaiuE handsome etaiicsees, portisitB of illastiioDS 
natives uf Ron en, and statues ofCorneille, Joan of Arc, ondLouiBSV. 
by Vilal-Uubriy. At the back of l^t. Cluen's and the H6tel de Villa 
is a publio garden, embellisbed with siatnea. Tbe Cluonbre nua 
Clerei, a Notman tower of the lltb i^ent., adjoins the church on this 
tide, and probably formed part of an earlier i-litirch. 
~- IL little beyond Ihe garden is the Lbuieh of £1. VOXaa (['1. E, 3), diitlDg 
the U-lGlh ceoT., with an orKnn-cia'! of the 17th cent., a marble 
^BCs of Ihe 18th cent., me. 

aecend the Kue de la It^publique lo the N., paESing 
« Jjyeee Comtillc (Vi. D, 1), the nhipel of which daiei from the 
J7lh r.entury. The fajade of the latter fronts the Roe Bourg-l'Abbtf. 
At tbe lop of the Rue de la Rtfpiihlique is tbe large TFontftine 
8t«. Katie (Pi. I), 1), by Faiguifrt and Drperlha. The group on 
the lop (lonsists of a dgure of Koaen, sealed in an untiqae eblp, and 
surrounded by genii and symbolical llgures. 

To tbe left is an old convent, containing the Hutenm of Anti- 
qnities and Ihe Hnaenm of Natural HiatoTy (PI. D, 1). 

The ■ANi-iananiAV SIubech (open dally, In to 1 or b, eicepi nn H<Jn. 
and Sat.) comprise* iculpinrei and wood - carvings of the middle a^esv 
beauttfnl slalned-glasB windows and other arlieles tuna e\niTc^i«s a.^ eu^- 
iiraued mDsulerI»,- florasD moialc* and olhet anaquittef, -weMOTi*-, *!«'- 
IrBit-rork, cniat, meilila, BIc, .imong tbe raoil )iil6Te«ttns tAie*** "« * 
.™.rf™ au»-i^ »r tbe leih eaat., m enamelled "Sodlett^ 'B."«.»-Tto™'s 



!!rirf^.'?,!?7^'' "'"'"'' P'tnted Knd gllAeA tifefti «*^>. iVJ^ 


58 RnuU. a. ROHliiN. Em^rS^^M 

Tbt UufiSuH i>'lli8T0iiis >I>TiinKi.i,B, tho enlranct to tvbich il a llllle 
loww down, ig upen dalij, 10 to i Dr 5 {on Bon. from laj. The col- 
lecHon af liirda on tLo leoond floor ii nolewoiltj. 

ThB cliurch of Bt. Patriee [PI. C, 2), in tha Eue St. Patrice, 
contaiDB *8taineii Glass dating from tlia 1G-I7th cent., little iarerioc 
to that in St. Vincent (p. 54). The aUeeorical window at the end 
of tbe N. aisle, atcriboted to J, Cousin, is coneideied tiie best. 

Bt. Oervaia [PI. A.l), about % M. farther W., te a Romanesque 
oiltireh cebnllt in 1872-74, with a coriom old arypt of the 4th cent- 
njy, William the Conqueror died in the pciory to which the cborch 
belonged in 1087 [eomp. p. 43], 

Emvirobb of RoimN. 

Froh Robeh to Boksbcodeji, — Sliambeal from Ilia gtone Bridge lo 
Baupkl (Ind sUlIoD) at 16 and 46 min. put eicli hour; CabU RaUiiay from 
Ennplel lo the top. relorBine at IG and Ki min. pail each hnur. Farria, 
to Eanplet IB, to the top 85, down 80 c, retnrn-farc 60 c, — Omnibui 
direct, alarliBC at the Slone Biidga, fiO c. 

•~ -' --" ■ — ■ nHoear tha eUnrcb; Cruftto, dSj, 


SVj fr. i etc. 

Bsnieeonn, eitnated on a hill on the tight bank of the Seine, 
1 M. aboie Roaeni is a fsTourite leeort for the sake of the vIbit, the 
cihuroh, and the montinient to Joan of Am. The expedition is best 
made by meane of the steamer and (lable-Taitwa; [sea above), 'which 
lands traTBlleiB near the Dhurnh and the monument. The road, by 
which we may return, passes to the right of the chnroh. 

The Cburch ar BonflB(;o<iBS, a pilgrim-resort, bnllt in 1840-42 
in the pointed style of the 13th font., with oiodem stained gUai in 
a contemporary stylo, is richly decorated in the interior with poly- 
i^hrome palntingi. The gilded bronze altar, the statues in the sanctn- 
ary, the ehoir-fltallB, pavement, pnlpit, and organ are noteworthy. 

The MoNUUGNT or Joan of Arc, perhaps more i eommereial 
apecnlation [adm. 26 c; closed 12-1.30) than a work of patrlotlBm, 
consists mainly of three elegant little Renaissance buildings, by 
Llsch, connected by * platform. The principal chapel, with a dome 
Bunnonnted by t. St. Miehatl, encloses a statue at Joan of Are, hy 
Itarrias ; the other two have statues of SS. Catharint and Jtfonrarcl 
(by Pdpln and Verlot), whose yoicea are supposed to have flrtt in- 
spired Joan. 

The 'Vic'u! from the platform embraces the city , the oourae of 
the rtverformany miles above ami below Rouen, and in the distance 
the verdant hills of Normandy. 

Coahteu, nlDinieiguBlT allualed on tbo road to Le Havre, tVi H. lo Uio 

W. ot Bonan, baa a chlteau Huill b; Uaaurt. About 2 H. farlhaF OB it 

M. JfariHi-ae-SBirAcrrillf, with ttiB magtiitieaiA ntneA AAtiv "f Bl Oiertn- 

<la-gi}telUFii(Us, iiHns from lioU-lSUi oboIm'ibs. 'i;\«i*aMiTtli.,«KV\»Wi»- 

»hla pmerratloe. reUlni some iDiiia\ pilnVVcea (A ttin Vlxti onV, uii«^ 

XL.""" 'twined glo<.» of the I6ll>. Tto ChapKr Ho«« w« *«l«(i\*Sta 

^?a^,^,„^. _ i^,^, (p. 661 ia 5 »■ tro^ a>. «^fi?-, . ^ 

"> busy totra, t'J*/s ». below Konen, aw p. ». J^H 

Environs, ROUKN. f). Route. 59 

Fbom Boukn to Le IIavbu bt thb Sbinb, about 80 M., steamboat ercry 
Accond day in sommer (daily from July 15th to Sept. 16th), in T'/shrs.: 
fare Gfr... itr.\ retoni'tlcket available by railway in one direction and 
valid for three days, 13 fr., 9fr.; restaurant on board, d^J. 4, D. 6 fr., 
incl. wine. This trip is recommended in fine weather, at least as far as 
Caudebec (p. 66) ; but only one of the steamboats (the *£clair ) has a deck- 
saloon (1st cl. only). The steamers start from the Quai dc la Donrso 
fPl. C, D, 4) , and passengers may embark or disembark in small boats 
(50 c. ; 25 c. each for a partv) on giving previous notice, at La BouiUe 
(p. 58), DueMr (p. 66), Jumiiffes (p. 66), OuerbatilU-la-Mailleraye^ Caudebec 
(p. 66), ViUeguier (p. 66), QuilM>eu/ (Tancarville ; p. 64), and Honfleur 
(p. 172). Lt J7avrs (Qua! Kotre-Dame), see p. 60. 

Fbom Roubn to Obl^ans, vii Elbkup, Dbeux. and Ghabtbbs, 145 M., 
railway in 6»/4-8V4 hrs. (fares 22 fr. 30, 16 fr. 86, 11 fr. 76 c). To Elbkuf, 
14 M., railway in Vs-'A hr. (fares 2 fr., 1 fr. 40. 80 c). The trains start 
from the Oare d^Orl^ans (p. 48), and follow the left bank of the Seine, at 
some distance from the river. — 2 M. Petit-QueviUy; S'/z M. Orand-Quevilly. 
51/2 M. Petit' Oour(mn§f with Corneille's dwelling-house (p. 64), now a museum 
Tadm. 104). Before and after id^h M.) La Bouille-MouUneaux we enjoy a fine 
retrospecttre view of Bouen. The train next traverses three long tunnels 
and a viadnet, and once more skirts the left bank of the river. 

14 M. Blbeuf (Cfrand H6tel^ Place de rH6tel-de-Ville), a cloth-manu- 
facturing town with 20,640 inhab., on the left bank of the Seine. The 
churches of JSi. Jeon^ near the Place de la Mairie, and Bt. ICtienne, about 
>/4 M. to the 8.W., both dating from the Renaissance period, contain good 
stained glass of the 14-16th centuries. The Oare d'Elbeuf-St-Aubin (p. 42) 
lies on the right bank of the Seine, about V/2 M. from the Gare d'Elbcuf- 
Ville or d'Orl^ws (for Bouen, Dreux, Chartres, and Orleans), on the opposite 
bank. — Branch ander construction to (14 M.) Le Neubourg (p. 166), whither 
an omniboi (3 fr<) plies at present. Steamboat to Bouen. 

Beyond (21 K.) ToaU* the line enters the ForSt de Louvieri^ and beyond 
(26 M.) 8t-a§rmairhde-Louvier» the Sure is crossed. — 26V2 M. Lonviers 
(*Mow)n; Orand Cerf), an important cloth-manufacturing town with 10,200 
inhab., is dtuated on the Eure. The Gothic church of Notre Dame has a 
magnificent 8. portal of the 16th century. Branch to 8t. Pierre -dU'Vauvr ay ^ 
see p. 42. — Between Louviers and Dreux the railway follows the valley 
of the Eure, which presents no striking scenery. From (SO^/z V) Acquigny 
a line runs to Evreux (p. 156); and from (46V2 M.) Paey-eur-Eure (Lion 
d'Or) another runs to Vernon (p. 43). — 62 M. Bueil is also a station on 
the line from Paris to Cherbourg (p. 166). 541/2 M. Ivry-la-Bataille^ famous 
for the victory gained in 1690 by Henri IV over th^ League, celebrated 
2>y Macanlay in a stirring lay. A pyramid commemorates the event. In 
the neighbourhood are the ruins of a castle and some remains of an abbey 
of the llth century. — 68 M. Ety-Anet (Hot. de Diane). The famous Chdteau 
d'Anet^ i K. to the 8.E., was built in 1648-1652 for Diana of Poitiers by 
Philibert Delorme at the command of Henry II. Only a few remains of 
the original building are preserved, including the portal, one wing forming 
the present chftteau, and the chapel, which still retains some sculptures 
by Jean Got^on and a marble mosaic. There is also a second chapel built 
by Diana, in whidb she was buried, but her monument is destroyed. — 
60 M. Orofh-Borel. At 8t. Roeh, on the opposite bank of the Eure. is the 
large paper-mill of the firm Firmin-Didot of Paris. — 71 M. Dreux (Buffet), 
see p. Is). The line now ascends the valley of the Blaiu^ passing several 
smaU stations. — 07 M. Ohartret ( Buffet) y see p. 196. — Traversing the 
level plaina of the Beauce (p. 264), our line intersects the railway from Paris 
to VendAme and Tours (see p. 267) at (llHVs M.) Votes. It also crosses the 
Kogent-le-Botroa and Orlt^ans line (see p. 199) at (1291/2 M.) Patay^ where 
Jeanne d*Ara and Dunois overthrew the English in 1429, and which was 
the seene of obstinate contests between the French and the BavaxiAxw^ N:^ 
1870. — 140 M. Orliant^ see p. 270. 

FrOBB Bouen to Amiens, see p. ^\ to an<3L irom London n\^ "V.^i ^vo«x 
^nd Southampton, see pp. 64, ^H'/ V i 

6. From Le Havre to Bonon (Ptris). 

LsBarr*. — StliU. ■'OiunilATiii. VancirKn. B,D, 01 
tit Iron Iba «bM d( lbs town, n., 1... • A. trtm t, diu. . 
Xiiua Hotui (PI- at B, II, »u« Jsinu d-Jkre Bt HoKTtmaTM (I 
iippodto the JsMa, Ihualbna of tfat UnlcUMi u* Boal<uia( 
nM4 annbctta, U.,h-,tA.Ui, B.Vh, 'ti V/i. U. * ft. tod. 
lU-tSfri D« ITuMucIJi (in.«; <1.g), lluB da |-(r[> lOS >DdiaK 
BiftDP.) D'AMMnun (H.t|0,», BgadaPwttUlaBAllMi 

I 8, pan*, 8A>,>')I 

Iiinu, Omd U<wl II 
llou— "-- *- "~^ 

. «J 

Iha SIMIoD, K. C 

ibttM. M.9, D. L - - , 

Or, diy. 3</9. D. » rt. iacl. cidirt /-hil rArgf.!, Plaea Rli^ITa., i 

* blim, Bua da Far1> TU, d.<l. |iM, 
- - ■■ -I. Krom a, 


_ _ .._a *t>0Ta)>i>Fl 'ilhMiln Dm PlicaamliaLU-. O^* I 

CM*, la 111* Mob, par drita I It. iOc, per hi. STr (»tler raldalltl I 
3* on tb» bal|(bt|M tu Hlbe ucltul-llBtlt, nai dri.'-. I'/i, pirlf 1 
VU (t- iitf'r nldsltbt 3>/, ud a rr.U lu 8U. Adnue (Lo »rr.!t,i). p" | 
ii\^i,iih,t<,iia.Vhlt.atT.tiB\i),l). Traaka. an, 80, <<' »)c. I 

daetrta iMBWtr*. f Fran lb* /nh (PI. B, 0, i) ■■ '■ —- '■ >-^- ■ 
tU til* Itu* da Pvli, Iba ndMI da Vlllt ('larlU:!!'! t 
ThUra, asd lb* Koad-l-oUI. at Ibt N. aod uf ti,.- l:r, 
(PI. a, I). — 3. Fiun tba/H'i Id IhcdtiW™ rlJ ! 
irorm*ad.aiMl*Ta-Uai»»a,aBdd*Bofd*a"i <i 
d'UiUMU, — 8. rron Iha JtUt lu Im m<" 

!afi lit farit^Plmc RJchFljmi. 


iuato-nonuad wd Boul. Xarlili^i:. 
to la fff, III lli<j Bual. dn Slml >.. '" ' '' 

n. Fraai tha Xsxd AiM tPl.O.f) to »>.,«,;>»»<.,.., : . . 

Cou»dBUBdinibUqnB,lb«euUni), BunlgTBrddeF-iruh'.xr 
UnaMI.IKicb. »d Roa dfElralal. — B. Crem a*a(Mh-»il' 
~ T. Frem Iba Oi-md Q«a< (n. U,l] In Uie Orondi 9ni<. ' 
Iha lU* d* Pari*. UAWl do VUle, Biml. dc eirutji.iiri-, i 
LafflU*, eW, — fi. From lb* SlaMm (PI. F, :> '" ''< 
CiMnNwtdila jrMM>ra»«(ncarlbeSrlne), vi.. <:. . 
Ibc Bna. Amiral-MBiielm (K. of Plue Moira>-> 
(cump. PI. A, 1), *U the Rii* Billot, tbi 'iBny . i 
Rua dtt NalianU, BM. - 10. From ibo /"'"- 
JimMiPl.Ct), tU tbe Ktia do Cbaiap-il'-l '-■ 
■ad lb* Boa Valdhsrba. — 11. Fn>m Ibr /" ' 
OmUrt Ml. Marii (X.B.I tU tba Bii" V.a. I.^.. ' 
' '- ' - Puoai laid. IS c, Sadd. H' 

wilb 'aomapgadaoE* 1 oatald* lbs I'lWB, 1< 
Oabla BaSwan. n.nfMliili-> di la ihl', 
OiMlHe-Plaabatinnb "' - - ' ' 

'i ooMd* tils I 
~ nlMluli-a ' 

[■1, D.J). ,....„.,,,,„.. ... 1... . ■ 

HU. ifarit, Inm ik ):■:■■. .|, N,irm»uil e, JIT ^ 

...I-. . 


>d ».f (be CoHM I 


ne {PI. O. 1), 

. 6*). 

BtewnboKti , i 


Ibe Qruid Un 

. 1*72) iwlce > di 

f, Id 

'/.br. {(, 

ireiatr., Ifr. 

every ...otwd di 

in 7-S in. ft 

ree or faui time 

I dillT durlDE 

O.J; lo Com (p. 


dellT, Id 


.-* (IwiM weekly), el 

™" ii'v" 

I Va.1 


(hargaiB nrjccsBarrt, olber pukaeei 10-10 e. 

■mnibnn lo Wr-flol (p. 70) in a-al^/ibr(., lUriloe from (be PIkb 
i-Hiircbe MTi.m. (firearr. eo,Sfr. lOc). See also p.' 
••■I A Telegnpb OUoe (Fl. C, D, 'i], Soil, de SiniBbouFg 106. 
_eh OWee, Rue de Puris i. 

JBMh*. BBaBalbs: fVaicilIi, ins], coalume and UiweieOci ladies, bO 
b OMlnme 1 fr.i gulde-bsignBur BJe.; less fur subjcribera. — Fre 

<i tfaiTf.-Dnme, I 

he I16UI Fraicsti: kdin. 1 fr, \ gubacripUoD le 
Uarit ChriiUm, U Stu. Adreaie (p. Wi ndm. 
Hd fhUtrr. Place aambellai J^Mtri-Crrgiir, Bon 

n-Berfire, Hue LemaitM U (PI. B, Sj, 

Xukera. 3<in<)(u do France (PJ. C, D, i, S), Bus Tblara 32; OMfl 
/.yonmiii, Boul. de Sltaibour«73 and Place da rHniel-d;e-Ville 24; Bscilli 
ilin^raU, Kdb de U Boarie SI and Place Carnol. 

/. S. Bumll, Ett- (also Lloyd'i agoDl). — Ameiieui Oaninl, C^al, W. Ckan- 
irllor, Em., Bob du Chilon 1 ; viue-coDiuI, Citcre Brcmi, Ea/. 

KagtiA Dhsnh, Kne de keiUoi tervieea at 10.30 and 6 (t.30p.Di. in 
'cioter). Chaplain, Rev. F. Uillari, B. A., Kus Vaeqneile 29. — Wnlti/oa 
Uvhodui Oltapll, Place OambetlH 21: secTlcea el 11 and B.SO1 mlnliteia, 
Kn. A. S. BoclUng and P. SUenlcrper. — Uiiiim Id Stamm, Quai d Orleans SB. 

t-t Havre, formerly called Havre -de- Gr&cc, from a ehipel of 
Nelre-DupB-de-GrscB fonnded by f.oiiiB XJI. In 1609, la » hand- 
wme Mwn with broad ftreeta, but it contains few special points 
»t iiit«raGt. Its eitnation at tbe moutb of tie Seine is extremely 
idia-nttgeDUB. It !s now tbe seaport Cor Paris, and neit to MarseilleB 
ili« tnoBt important in Franee (119,470 iniab.;). The buildings and 
We CO mitiBrclal prosperity of the town, wMch is mainly derived from 
ll!Bliip.i,uildingya.rdaaiidlogar-rBflnerleB,ateof very recent origin. 

fcrliaad it la ISIK and endeavoured 10 main 11 a baibour of Ibe llrjt 'rank 
ueace Iq ctirj out bli naval icbemei agalnal England. In 1515 be attemblal 
rtpal *""• *"" "*'"'' "' "*"'* "■' "" '■'* °' yfifb^ *»". However, 

''""*■ Under Blohelieu end Colberl tbe proeperity of Ibe town rabidly 
""<»«ed and In 16114 Ibe Eagliih fleel mado a delenoineil but nn«acee.8- 
™,^*»»ack on tbe new rival of Enfllab commecce. In 1799 Admiral air 

"' 'J'« ciladel, was taken priionei by Ibe Frencb, ' 

I *' j>o Rub db Piiris, boginntng at the W. end of tbe flrund pu.ii 
"*'i 41, where passengers from England d\Bei»bM\i.,Mi4\MV*«- 
,'/'"«■ tie lowiitroiuS. toS., ia the conlte oUial&K. MVu.a.'tto^ 
"is t/,,. AfoMits-Biiii.ioraBavii (PI. 0, 4^, bnUt, i\v VftVi V'>'?w.\ "'• 
j/- «iirf Thun.. iO to 4 01 b; also OH TiiM. in summftt, *.tAOT 

s natll wdiaiDlaelcal collsutioii 

ue iCfllptuiM. ineiiidinfo liuweter, onl, a Irw 
n, 37. rSwu™, Pieta, 13. Oagrard, mginUB-. 
.0 Oie dght, 26. Diiittn^, SiHping Paysbi. — The 
, — ..,,,._..., ,..,.^._ . ^j coHboBob ut 
REBUL. From il^l 
■-■ — ^MI, —-■ — " 

_ — , „ ,._ncl""de"t»Ql( „ 

. _. Jeury VIII.; 117. Aoudfn, Pardon of StB.ADDO la Pallida 
4. JCgrlHi, l^nnAlng the llfihoat; Bm. IHcM, SprlBf; 167. 

e the ItfuhL,., 

■! ISa. L. h. CouBirtfr, 

B!j. Cop; oC AHfrAU, Bait ' ' 

leR gsllciy ara drawlngi, sraTona, ani sngnylDeii 78-79. Ytiih, T 
Sea£y Sins (dra»!a«)i GrnKrund, 31. The ooUcctor, 29. Tbi 
, , „ ™. -.,. Inundation at Touloate In I 

YirijlB; 245. 

HI, St.Gpnefl 


le Bnptiat; 1 

y, cJiffs 
.... -„, .— ^nd 60"} It 
anmber, B. Mvralm, Fruit and Bowsni StS. 
tta, DO DnntiBr, Anotu', Brooklyn Bridge ; 33B. 
U J'wuiiir, Csid-pla;erii; S6. y. JTbh, Ad adm 
- 97. C 

ia6. ffmrtnu-Aontv. 
i OtaitBlat (Uffh. 
Atno, Calo of Oliui 
nats-, I5B. F 

, LargUUirc. A uolplor; 
■iiii, Lot and Ua dig^ 
ri>(WI, Sbeep ; 67. naivi 
all 230. Fela, IabbIit. 
Sutani (?], Cupldl itU 

r, ueiarD irom lae nant; upt- uaaa. 'I'DC younz 

^. ,,„ Ji ror a ccUlngi 163. r. 3. aiOirl, The Halleii, a 

170. ffiHwleau, Tbe mill. — 98. r« dl Valdi, Sea-pteoai BS. rfrjil 
111. Bcnidll), PoilnJtt IH. JTav^idl, Piodi^ Son; 178 (aboTs), 
guoiHl, CbriilopberColambuai II. Ctrquoat, "" °" " -""-- 

. — , B2. M. 

Tbe lulardlel (iltb 

JfarmniHl^oH, Woih woK! &l! 
Dt^crta, Qame and frnit; fl. .dli 
CDce: 7. Cartnagsio. Portrait: 
Bt. Aeatha; fiU. A ■"■ 

■nmeni iO. RttwoC 

Landjcape nilU alteejit i^ 
ati Young goldmnitb of figr- 
, Landscape) 6. L. CnnwK, 

ptvnenada. To tbe rlgbt ii 
and batbiDg-eaUbllgbment, i 

two ligbt-hoqBBS of Lal^cva )p, 61] 

61), ; 

important cabinet of tain 
S and ia open datlf, ^ 

nuid 4ual li continued i 
.Ifng In tbe -JMt du JTM 

leati (p. BO}, with a taO, 
be batterlen defendiDK « 
Adraasa (ii. 81), witli « 

Seine, appeals VlUerville (p. 1701, wilb H 

nuville and Dfauville (pp. ITS, 171) lo Ihi 

Farther up tlie Rue da Paris, on the right, U the eliaioh oT 

Notre-Danu (PL 0. i}, built iu thft Hith cant, in a stylo BhovioK 

i/'e transition from Gothic toItenaisBance. 't^i«M^at^ to^nit^^&^Maii 

was originally a fortifled beacon. Otgau-wte otV^^ft. 

/o Mio Vieai MarcU (Fl. C, i), to V>>e rtsW, a ««■= J"« 
"■ui.T PaJxia de Jiislite, no" toulainioa an imv..Tla«» U^.• 
fJ/ir-r (open Sun. .,nd Ibur-'.," 1" lo 1 '-t &1 


LE HAVHE. fi. ff( 

le Place Gamhttta {}% C, 3), wbicli is boiradecl 
e W. by the Grand Thfattt and on the E. by tha Bojiin de 
Qibelliiibed wilb i^Utues, by Divld d'Augere, 
Smmrdin de St. Pierre (1737-1814), author of 'Paul and VirgiiiiR', 
to wtdcb Ihe raliefs Tefai, and Caiimir Dtlavigm, the diamaitist 
(1794-1843), both nati^as of Havre. Thence we continuB to follow 
the Rue de Paris to tbe One Fvbtk Gardens (military band on Thure. 
from 8.30 to 9.30p.m.) in front of the HStel de ViUe (PI. 0, 2), a 
nouworthy modarn building in the Renaissance style. The band- 
EomB Boulevard dc Stnuliourg, which paaaes the U6iel de Villa, Is 
nearly I'/j M. long and travetaes the town from the lea on (hoW. lo 
the lailway'Siatiaii (see below) on the E. (tramway, see p. 60). 

In Ibia gtFCct, <o tl>e VT. of tbe Hrilel de Ville, 1) tbo Square Si. Sech 
(PI. B, S), wilb latael Df Armida, b; Holot, ud Bebecca, by FablBch. 
A mlUtary band plsya berc on Bun. In summer fnim 1.B0 lo S.3D or bom 
3.3U to t.SO p.m. - Al Ihe W. end of (he baolevud wurks in DDnDeetion 
with an eilemiTB new deep water buia have been goiDE on eiuce i«K. 

Wo turn to the E. (right) at the Hotel de Ville, in order to reaph 
the station. In the BoiiteTatd de Straebonrg we pass the Soiii-Pri- 
I'eclure (PI. £>, 2), on the left, fronting Ihe Plane Cainot, on the 
S. side of which is the Exdumge (PI, D, 2, 3), a Urge ereution 
(1678-801 in the KensissaQce style, with six dotnea (open 9-12 and 
3-5.30\ "The S. facade of the Eschange faces the Place Jnlea Ferry 
(PI. D,3). Farther on, to the left, id Ota Palaii de Juilke (PI. E, 2), 
iu a pseudo-clBBsical style, and to the right sie ee'eral Barrack). 
The Bailicay Station (PI. F, 2) is at the E. end of the boulevard. 

The eitonsive Dabbodr and Docks (PI. C-G, 2-6) deserve a 
visit. Between 1831 and 1887 over 5,O0O,OOO(. was spent upon 
them, and very extensive additions are projected. 

Tbe purt includes a well-prutocled Avanl^PoFl or outer harbour, on 
llic M. Kide dI wliinb in Ibe Grand Qiial, a&d 9 ba.<iDEi wjtb 16 locki on 
•luieee (damp, the Flan). The nldeit, and al^o one ol the smatliut, batica 
Is tbu Baiiia dti Bai, excuvsted ia 1669. The largeet ]> lbs '.Siunfi dt 
rjlart CFl- E. P, S, t, b), upward) uf 70 acred in area, i 



-18CKI, wbeie Ibe hafe TraDFallaolie ■teamern Ke. Tb< 
Ihe «.B. of " 

fore ibB Placi 
ante slyli 


, l9 16 X. lone, 160 (1. wide, and U 
1 1he town may be onjoyeii frum tl 
B wblcb (p. BO) b roaohcd via the Ri 

1 a Lady Chap^^l d 

paintings h! Ph. Hi; 

rth_t]io cable-raiJway ends, i 


rewB (p. Bi_), (1/ w 
•\iew it apecMly One at and at Bieli^ vjlieii ".lit \bvio ko> 
ir^ lit up. Cnforlunaiely, bowevet, il la tniieli toute.veft^'! ^ 
icuoiA of UiB Kof de MontlvlUien I.W. C, il, ^e '■\'"' """" 


)uUe. YVETOT. ^^^f^^ 

E, tbe Sub ie. U C6(e in cugtinaed !>; Ors Rua ds I Ah- 
» Iha /'orl ill TouTHtMli Bad lUe lfi«nil dtneUire Ble. Matit, 
acsceod Liiiiardi! tbe Gours Ae In It^publiquH, b; the 
Hule {p. 60) or bf the Bue du Oda€nkl-%>uel1e9, 
St*. Aanaii (?<U. JTarit OiriiUMi OranH BIM da Phitrtu lHitav\ 
Deal, OD tbe bescb), dd Ike uliff, 3'/i N. to tbe N.W. of La Hnce, la nucb 
rrequented foi Bw-batbias (bitb with casuime fiO-TB c). It maf bs reHberl 
hy trunnn; (Mo.S; p.l9), i<r on foot viil Uie Boul. Haritime, bagtsniDE 
al the W. end of the Bnul, do Slrnsboirrg (PI- i. 3]. Tho CaWfw Mm, 1 fr.) 
waa foimeily Uie illU aC the Uta l^ueeo Maria Christina oT Spiio. Ibt 
fharii dt la Uicl, eommtB^ae b maeniUceat iltw, lony be TB«elud It 
iO-SO mln. from Sio. Adieua. A^out balftra; up Is s ungarluf idddb^uI 
to Omtml Ltfltre-Detaaiietia (1773-1893), "ho perijlied by (Mpwreck. U 
IB daDj^emua la approach Iba crumbling edge of the diffA at Iha top. 

FaoH Lb Hatse to J^teetit (33 K- in \'I,-Vh hr.>.; farai B 1^. SSa., I b, 
1 It. 60 C.I AMI. FSoAHi- (UN M, <u I'li-V/i lir?. ; ftrts S ft. 6, .1 fr. 10, 2 (r, 

p. ii).' - 3'/^ M- Harflmr (sou h.-i,jwi. -'- 6 M. itmlMIHa-s (Hai. Fontain^ ig 

From Le Havre to Boaan- 

56 ». BiTLW.r in lift-3Vi brs- (tares 9fr. 96, Oft. 76, 1ft. 10 r.). 
On quiltltig Lb HBYte we pass (1'/* M.J CraiiWi(-5(e-Honorm«, t 
kiud of suburb of Le Havre, with its interesting Norman chtirch *( 
the llth Kud lath cent., on t&B higli ground to the left. — 3Vj M. 
Uarfleiir (H6t. des Armes, near tlie churoh), witli 2340 inlisb,, once 
ad imtiortant seaport. Its old liarbour has been filled up by lli« 
deposits of the Liiarde; the new harbour, about '/s M. »w«y, l( 
I onnected with the Canal do Tincarville fp, 63). In 1416 the (o«il 
was taken by Henry V. of ICngland, to whom (he foundation of ih» 
line Gothic Church is attrlbiited, Railway to Lci 1ft (see abovgj, 

l&l/t M. Briauti-Beu%evUle (ISufTeli Railway Hotel] la tbe Juno 
lion for l'«caBip (EWaWt), see p. 67. 

,iij.BBON»R, m, M., railw.y la 3O40mtai. 
: H. Bclhtc (Hulol de Fecamp), a prUtih 

.. ... iOinbabilanlB. — Tbeohuroh nf (S'fca.l 

Vaituis contaiDS iome beaulirul cbolr-ilaUi. Tha aaidant abbn 

~ lS-17th eentutlaL — SVi U. LUleboDiie (UDhl du Canawf), 

(B150 Inhab.)' an the site of Jidi^mu, Iba eapilal of lh> 

Ualetas (Fa;s ds Caui), caatains a well- pro gerved Thialrt and mnnerOM 

"- "-- of Koman limoa. Tha ruined Caille twloneed ' ""■■' " ■'" 

^H 2M, to theS. (omu. i/afr.). — 31 M, ^■7«t«(HH. i«-V\AcA«^ 
^B "Sfa Chemm-de-Ftf) is another roairataMmAwii -^Uto, «W^||g& 
^^W^'A, the ancient iHiiiuts or Bnl-dlt&iits Uvgs ot^t^^-' 
^^^y de».-TibeA by Hifraneer. 

here proposed to his DohlaB tha connuest of KQElaod. — 

a IbaW., oaaroek rlsiDKief- -- 

m tbe ileamboat.slalion of QnlllebrEuf (p. SI 

Abant 61/: H. la the W., oa a roek rlslDE 160ft. abova the Seine, I« 

,/ Tantnrtnii, dating ehleDj from 

re ea fl. In helgbl, and tha walls arc 30 ft. tMck 

ST. VALERY-EN-CAUX. 7. Route. 65 

An omnibus leavet Yvetot for (7 M.) Caudebec (see below) at 8.10 a.m., 
noon, and 6.10 p.m. (fare IV4 fr.). 

36 M, Motteville, Railway to St. Valery, see below. 

A branch-railway rant from Motteville to (16 M.) CUres, a junction 
on the line from Bouen to Dieppe, and (37 M.) MontSrolier-Buchy, junction ' 
for Hie railways from Bouen to Amiens and to Dieppe (pp. 81 and 41). 

The pleasant ylllage of (4272 M.) Pavilly is commanded by the 
restored chateau of Esneval. The train quits the undulating and 
fertile table-land of the Pays de CauXj and descends to the viaduct 
of Bareniinf 570 yds. In length, and 100 ft. above the level of the 
valley. — 44 M. Barentin (Hot, du Orand-SU-Pierre), a manufactur- 
ing town with 6000 inhab., possesses a fine new Romanesque church. 

Fboh Baksntin to Caudebec, 18 H., railway in iV* hr. (fares 8 fr. 35, 
2 fir. 25, 1 fr. 60 c). — iV4 M. Pavilly -VilU (see above) i 8 M. Barentin 
Ville (see above). 9 M. DttclatV, on the right bank of the Seine, is a port 
of call in summer for the steamers from Le Havre to Bouen (p. 68). — lll^ H. 
Yainville-Jumiiffet, About IV4 M. to the 8., on a peninsula of the winding 
Seine, is the village of Jumiiges (Hdiel de VAbbape) , also a steamboat 
station. The ^AUieif, the majestic and picturesque ruins of which rise 
near the village, was founded in the 7th cent, and was not destroyed 
till 1790 and subsequent years. The heart of Agnes Sorel (d. 1449; see 

?. 387) was interred in the abbey-church. Visitors are admitted daily from 
1 to 5 O/s fr*)' — 1*7 M. 8t. Wandi'ille also retains the extensive ruins of a 
magnificent *Al)he]/, founded in the 7th cent., but rebuilt at the close of 
the 14th. — 18 M. Caudebec (H6tel de la Marine; d» Havre) ^ a small town 
on the right bank of the Seine, was formerly the capital of the Pays de 
Caux» aoA played a considerable part in the wars between the English 
and French. It was captured in 1419 by the former under Talbot and 
Warwick. The beautiful Church combines the Gothic and Benaissance 
styles; the *Tower is SSOft. high. The W. portal, the balustrades on the 
top, formed of Oothic letters, the triple floral crown of the spire, and the 
stained glass are noteworthy. Caudebec retains much of its medieeval 
quaintaeif. It is also a steamboat-station (p. 69); omnibus to Yvetot, 
see above. * — A pleasant expedition may be made along the banks of the 
Seine to VUlequier (steamboat-station, p. 59), a Ashing- village about 3 M. 
below Caudebec. 

The train soon enters a tunnel, nearly I72 M. in length, beyond 
which It reaches (49 M.) Malaunay, where the Dieppe line diverges. 
From this point to (55 M.^ Rouen^ and Paris, see 5. 41. 

7. Watering-Places between Dieppe and Le Havre. 

L Erom Bouen (Paris) to St. Valery-en-Canz and Venles. 

43V«M. Bailway to (38V2M.)i8f<. Valery inlVa-Shrs. (fares 7 fr. 5, 4fr. 
75, 3 fr. 10 c). Omnibus four times a day from the station at St. Valery to 
(5 M.) Veuks; fare 1 fr. — From Paris to St. Valery, 125 M., Bailway in 
41/4-7 hrs. (fares 32 fr. 70, 16 fr. 35, 9fr. 95 c.). 

From Rouen to (19 M.) Motteville, see above. — From (31 M.^ 
St, Vacut'-Bosville a branch-line diverges to Cany (Veulettes , Les 
Petites-Dalles ; see pp. 66, 67). To Dieppe, see p. 41. Farther on 
we obtain a brief glimpse of the sea, on the left. — 36 M. If Mile, 
a large village with an interesting church. 

dS^/^M, 8t. Valery-en-Canz. — Hotels. Dk la Paix., at ix«.VA^sa^ 

pens, fipom 8 fr.; db la Plage (7 fr.), des Bato* ^WimT«v.^T«NaS^^ "^^»«'*:. *^^ 
I'Hdtel-de- Ville; db France, db PARia, at t\i^ \LM\iQx«^ ^was.. ^'toxa. 

Babpbkbb'0 I^or^ern France. 3rd Edit, ^ 


8»-Bii,th>. Bstl. anil biithing-bai tOc, wllh wstuno, etc. [ fi., '^uiilc- 
baignenr' 10c. — Os.lno. Admission 1 tr, i subsoriplion, par week T, furl, 
night IS, month as, season 35 fc; for two pets., JS, 20, 28, andSafr.; etc 

St. Valerg-en-Caux, a (own and bathing-reEoct with 3900iiiblb., 
poeaesBes it smaL hsTboiir, in a. hollov between the diffs. The old 
town liea to the right of the ststioni the new town, about '/a M. 
distant, is ritMated neur the harbour. The former contains & Ciurch 
of the 1&-I6th cent,, but the new town has hitherto contented Iteeir 
with a quite inadequate Chapel, Beyond the bridge hetween the 
floating-dock and the harbour is an antiqoeHotije (IBthcent.). The 
Bathing Establishment is reached from the town by narrow and rough 
Gtceeta, and offers few attraetloiis. The beach, as ueual on this coast, 
has a border of shingle before the strip of firm sand used by the bathers. 

Flam at. Veieij to Biifpi, Bee p. 41. Tlis Dmaibns Btutg from the 
Hdtel dea BiisB at 6 a.m. — Tbere is cu public comefagce fFDm SI. Valerji 
to Viulellei, nhic^ is Dnlf about B H, b; road; travellBrs thither mnM 
cltber nslk ur make i iaoar of IB M. fa; railwi; and diligence [ue 
bulow). — A diligBnce leayes 8t. Valerj tor fan H.) Fecamp fp. BTJ v« 
(T/i M.) Oaoj (BBS beluwl, on Mon., Wed., and Sal., Stirling from Iba Uolel 
dea Baina, U 6 a.m. OVibrs., fu«3fr.). 

The omnibuB-route from St Yalery to Veiiks passes tbe old 
town and croises eereral pretty little valleys. The chotean ot 
(2Vl M.) Manneviile dates from the 16th century. 

5 M. Venlei. — Hotali. Ds i.« Pluoe (wiib the diligcnce-oMce), 
B,, L., A A. V/t-a^/i, pens. 8-T fr., us Bodeh, both adjoining (lis chnreb; 
[IKS Bathi, near [he beach, an anneie ot tbe Biit. da Is Plage. None or 
tba botels ue on the beach. Furniabed houies are obtainable. — Sia 
Balhi 30 a., with costume and llnon M c, 'gulde-baigneur' SO c. — CotiiK. 
Per day i^, tortnlgbt T, mantb idfr. 

Vtuiea, a large village in a pretty valley, is a viry pleasant lea- 
bathing resort, and numerous bandEome villas have been built ovet- 
loobing the tiny beach, between two dilTe. A limpid stream riieE 
n tbe midst of the village, close lo the road to St. Valery, and is 
Euffif'ientiy powerful to turn several mills. Good water- r.ressea ate 
ibtaioed near tbe curious source of the streamlet; snd a sbady 
*alk skirts its banks. Veulos somewhat resembles Eiretat (p. 70) 

i general rharacteristi's, but is considerably less pretending. 
' to Dieppe passes the end of the villnge [p. 41}. 

n. fTOm Bonen [Porii] to Tenlettea. 

^H ati. B6e,). DtueBHOElramCanytomH.) VeulHIri (onr llmcB d^ylii tb« 

^H ■e»aaD<faTelVifT-)i and also io Ui FtHtii-Dalltitt.m). —BaiLWAtfron 

^B Faida to Cany, 13211., In H/.-T bra. (Cuei Zlfi. ISi:., l&fi., Bfr. TOc.l. 

^B From Rouen to (31 M.) St. Vaaat-Boivillt, see p. 66. Ouilina 

^B tben diTBtges to (he left from the line to St. Vilerv fp. 66). 
^H 3S M. Cmiy (H&tel du Cummerce; de rTa,nctk 'la «. uai£&\b«% 

^■^11 tba right bank of the Durdent. — FiomCm'!! *«^'»^\\^^''^^:^^^ 
^KMe p. 67) to Dieppe via St. Valery -6n-0aM.\, i 
^^^tm St. Valery to FeVanip, see abo-«c. 

^^^^^" VICULETTEM. 7. Ruulc. 67i 

'J'liB ruail lo VeulultBa follows tlie piotuttJBTiie vallBy of tha 
Dardent, towards the N. S'/i M. Vitteflrtir; 3 M. Faluel. The vallBy' 
now eipands, forming » wide griBsy IbtaI, whicli usail to be inun- 
dated at hi^h'water. The river enters the sea by means of 3. canal be- 
neatli tbe shingle lo the right of the bridge over which the roadcuns. 

B M. Tenlettes. — Hateli. aiLisu HStsl ue la Plaoe, veU spalieii 
uf, pens. 7 fr.i dk> Baihs, ailjoiDiDe. — ^a-fia!A> 10 n., for eubaoribers 

lOe. — Cait-ii: Admliiiloa by di; 30, In Ibe eiBnlne dV whola day fiOe. 
aobacriplion for a week 1, forloight 71/,, month IB fr.; tor two pars. 5, 
it, aad aOfr.; Cat Ibrea peciims 13, IB, and 31 (r. 

Veiy(*ttf< itself is a small village, situated about '/i M. from tha 
sea, in a valley to the W. of the valley of the Uurdenl; hut the 
bntlilng-establishmsnt , the large hotels , and the villas perched on 
the rliffg form an agreeable summer- resort. The great drawbaiks 
are the somewhat exposed poEition of the shingle-strewn beach 
and the difflouUy of obtaitiiiig a sheltered promenadB. 

- . , dillgen 

« (be 'Indlcsalsui'li fan l>/i St. Il Is i 
reached fiom Fecamp (see below). — The dlll^eoce fron 

a-DiLcsa, 7^/> K., dillfei 

pautDg (SVt ^-i SaiKini-h-Jfmcc'ul'uii. 

IiMPatitei-SalleifOraBd BOM ia Balm, nitU a Caiinat Ltd 
AlMne-villsRe, with a balbiaE-eitablitliiaent Bitnated at Ibe mui 
amaU valley, bounded by difFa sod Touka and affoidioe varloni e 

le valley of Lu Qnind4t 
r qh is the aea-batMn^ 

phaa twice a day in tia" aWoB ii." and" from 'FScmip, T/. H. to the S.W. 

m. From Bouan. ^FariB) to Fecamp. 

Bi H. B.ILWAT in S-3V< hrs. (feres 9 fr, 3U, II tr. 11, » fr. M) c.)- -i 
From Parla, ISfi M,, rail-ay in i<h-Vh brs. (farea 21 fr. 95, 18 fr. 90, 11 ft, 
S 0.). — From I^i Havre, lee p. S\. 

From Rouen to [39 M.) Briautl - Beuitville , see pp. 65, (i4. 
43 M. BTainBilU-OodeTBiae. — At [46i/s M.) Let If» LHote! ind 
Buffet outside the station) , to the right of the railway, is a fins 
obateau of the 16th century. Branch to Etretat and td Havre , sea 
p. 69. — The railway next descends a wooded valley and passes 
tliroDgb two tunnels. 

61 M, Fioamp. — Hetala. On.-H/lT. i>kb Bains, R,AA.9-19, L.i/>,B. 
iV^ dflj. 2'A, D. S'^fr.^ nr -"'- "" - 




_jo>D CiBV, Ene dee Fnrla (0. na' 

tiim with bsihioi 

'gulatr-biJenBni'. — O»»iio. kirnVs^™ 

^lZZ/a ii X . ' "■■■""""I uu c. ; annacniiiiun, het ween ii, wrv^.s.^- — i 


TrunviT. Frum tbe Culno yli tbaPlweThieTS and (he Alibnf Ciiun>b 

dlreutlun''of TmMiiiiil, a vill'«ga 2i/, H, aiatanti farei 15, aft! Mc. ™ 

OuBlbaiH. To La FtWtt-DaUa (11 H., I'/i Tr.; gve p. 6T), thHee diil; 
during Ha neHBOnt \a St. Htmi/i-FsH f7"/! M., I'/i fr.i ioe p. bT), twim 
Aail;^ ta 5f. Va(Fry-in-C(nif (^ M., 9 tr.i p. Ol), on Hod., Wed., «nd 
Hal.. Bt»rllDe al I p.m.; lo Tporl and roiniMf, lep p. 69. 

BritUh Vioe-Ooniul, Mom. e. Gatulatilin. 

Ffeamp is a, town with 14,650 Inhali., eiCaated. like mosl of tlie 
otber towns and viUages on thle coast, in B BmaJI Tslley rumiiDg 
inland from the sea. The S. end of the town is about 1'/* M, from 
the little harbour st the N. estremity of the valley. According to 
Ihe legend the name ie derived from Firua Campus. 'Bold of the 
Ag-tree'. from Che fact that the sea washed up on the coast here tb« 
trunk of a fig-tree in which Joseph of Arimathea had placed the 
Freclona Blood (see below). Ita position on the English channel 
■nd its possession of a tolerable harbour gave Fecamp i certain im- 
portance in the early history of Normandy and in the wars between 
England and France; and its ancient Benedictine abbey lent it 
another elaliu to consideration. 

The C^tircft of St. Etiennr. which is seen to the left of the sta- 
tion, dates from the 16th century. The S. portal ip fine \ the W. tower 
is nioderp. The Interior has undergone restoration, and has been 
embeUished with modem stained glass and paintings. 

From the Place Thiers, which occupies the centre of the town, 
we foHow the Hue Alexandre Legros to the abbey. The monastery of 
Ffcimp, founded by Duke Riuhard the Fearless about 990, is the 
only one of the famous monastedes nf Normandy that stood to the 
N.K of the Seine. The Abbey ChuTch, a most interesting relic of 
the ll-1Gth cent,, conceals an interior of great beaoty and gnxo 
under a loroewhat nnattractiye exterior. The central tower la, how- 
ever, stately thongh simple, and on the S. side Is a Sne portal of 
the 14th century. 

IHTEBIOR. In (be Aon, nblrlj is remacliBble for lU great length, we 
iii>tice lliB modern csried oak pulpO, with its DumerDUB carvert Blitnelles. 
Alt Ibe nffldal pew. Tbe Chair contains t»0 allars, one overitudowaa 
by a taalclEas canopy, Ihe Dlhec cmbetlialied with bas-rellefe wUck 
ma; bs Inspected from tbe amhulatory. It il surrounded with a handioDB 
railing. 'Ihe two pillari In front of the cbolr are adorned with Btatnei 
and alto-reliefs in elaborate frames. The 8, transept contains a ODrlant 
group of painted Btatnie, lepresentlDg Ihe Dealb of Ibe Virgin, exeuited 
by a monk in laid. Adjacent are >ome smaller groujs of (igurei enn(ed 
In prafcr. a clbnrigai of tbe 15th cenl. , and a taalefnl Gothic creaanei 
tBblB. — The ApiiSat Chapelt are embellished with handsome Bciali- 
lanoe balnstradas and wilh nrcades. In the 8rd chapel In Ibe right It 
1 Una fricEc, formed of 16 allo-reliefs of the 11th cent,, rcpretenltni 
soeOBS frnm ths lives of Christ and the Virgin. The iih and 6Ui chap- 
els contain the Gothic tumbs of ahbols uC Fiicamp. In the Bth or Lady OAaf*! 

JutaUfaJ n-ood-carviDE, the most Inteietljng Eiun^^n ot irb\i£li.Vt ^te 
YBlled Cbriat, beneaiii the ilrsl window to the AA\, T\a Ifn t)av«A1»a 

•Ijeth oBBt. door. — Behind the Mub-alUr \s -^'- -''-^ ' "" 

^ ™*- "PUIed lo contain aoroe of tte 'I 
mrf ami attttcts niimeroq* pilgrimB. The (ilticr 

df scenu from the life oC Chcilt, <iiid an utrunumioal dgck uf IBGT. 

The remaine of the abbey, adjoining the N. side of the charch, 
are now occnpiad by the HAUL dc VilU, built in the 17th century. 
The Muiee Municipal iu the interior, I'ontaining a gsUeiy of modern 
pioturea, ia open on Sua.. .Mod., Thurs., & Sat., 'i-5 (2-4 in win- 
lerl. There is also a ainall Pablir Library. 

No. lOU in the long street leading from the I'lsce Thiers to the 
beach ia the distUlary of ijifnjcficlinc, a well-known liqueur, deriv- 
ing its name rrom its first makers, the EenedlctinB monks. The 
liandsome building, with a ItenaissaDce tower, was rebuilt after a 
lire io 1392. Visitors are admitted daily, except Sua. A holidays, 
9-11 and 2-4 or 5 (26 c.)> ^i"* "° conduoted by an employee (who 
expects a gratuity) to view the distillery (uninteresting), the homl- 
some SaiU do Abbfg, approaahed by a fine staircase, and Che Afuice, 
which contains a small collection ol sculptures, furniture, curios- 
ities, and works of art, some dating from the ancient abbey. 

The Bathing Eslabliiilttnent Is situated on the broad shingly 
beacb, at some distance from the harbour and also from the casino, 
which stands near the cli(F, to the left. In front of the beach are a 
terrace and a narri age-road, and above are situated several pretty 
chalets for summer- visitors. The adjoining roads are , however, 
unattractive and the surroundings are somewhat bleak and bare. — 
The Harbour, much improved since 1880, admits ships drawing 
20 ft, at alt states of the tide, FS<iamp is one of the chief stations 
in Fiance for deep-sea dshing-boats, and it also carries on trade in 
coal with England and lii timber with the Baltic ports. 

An InleTeiling acurslon may t>s mads from Fecamp to Tilinimt IHtlril 
du Conmurai <l( ^Vdnu: umtilbua 1 fr.), a vlUaee Ijiag about (P/i H. In 
tbe E., In a vallsy which endi at llie barbuni. Ttic Ch&ltim dales [rom 
Ibe mil, Ifilb, anil ISlh cant, i and the rulnDA Abbcv Chtir^h was hutll 
partly Id Ibo ifllh century. The Lady Chapel BliU cunlJUnl several Ic 
uf that pariaA. 

From Phoaup to EiaKt,!, IQi/i M.. dllieanco daily (i'/j ft.), 
|,|l<ib K.I HI. Uamri and Wh U.} ymheroilU (•ee below). 

^^ IV. FTom Bonen (Paris) to Etretat. 

■P" fie U. BiiLw.i In 2V<-3'/3 l>ra- Ifaiea jOFr. 30, B fr. 90, 1 fr. OOc). — 

111 from Paris to Lil Ifl, tS3 »., In VIMt brs. (fares 95 fr. RD, 

IT fr. SO, 11 fr. 16 e.J. — Frum Le Havre to Etretal, aea pp. 01, Tl. 

From Rouen to (4ei/t M.) Ut if, (p. 67), see pp. m, U. The 
line diverges to the left from that tl Fecamp and runs towards tliG 
W. — 491/b M. FtobtranU-ypoTl. 

A dllleenee plies d^Jy In the leason to (2i/> U. to the S.V!.) Ypsrt 
CSM<( da Ciuiiwi Rachert O, Tiimiiafil; FrHvi Tnuiiaril: Dutaote). t. cuu 
9ide»l>)s rillsgB tritb a tidal harbour, and a aea-bal^ne BiUCnWiVonu 
rcatuBbH,^ thMi or Fieimp. ^boul 11/, M, Io tbe W. \i Vu«ait«. VVa- 
.naO^r joaall batilng-piaee, wilb yulhtol-tur-Mtr un U» i.'VVffli ■.'ou--e. 

^K —04 M. SofJ>:.,u.r-Iicnou^aU. 





B6 M. Etretat. - 




on the bwcb al ILcendorthe 


U tr,, Blanc 

iCKT, alBD 

on IbB heMh, pam. 

10-13 ft,; 

r, pens. fi/s-lU 



irictor H^BO, 

K. 3-10, 

L. '/i, B. 1, dfi. a. 

D. 4 ft. in 



S d'uM«tlid.pein.friafr.; 

ERt, Roue du 

D. 3'!, fr. i 

theb; DCS Dbdx-Ae- 

- Vhim 10 It 


inlshed unr 

tmenls ar 

e e»9lly found. 

Bai^BBtha. Al tbe 


hirth, funt-bJ 



, aO, fur tw. 

inly-livo 1 

"'"w"!;.! 'oltt^^a 

30, pelga 

Dlt 26. iDwel 1 

0»ino. Ada.. BOt 

ill 6 

p.m. 1 ft., . 

ft., w«k 1*2. forl- 

nlgbl 23, 

nioDtb id, KH 


r. ; for a pe. 

■a. 33, W, 

66. »d9Uft.; eub 

pecj. boy. 

DUd two, 7, li, 


aOfr. All 11 



p. 84) a: 

iiuaat of France, is a emUl town, wilb 1950 inhab., situatad, like 
moEl of ilB neigliboucs, M the foot of lofty clilTs, bece itUO ft. bigh. 
It is Burcoundeii witb pretty villas ami attractive Pountry-houBBS, 
liiit it possesses no harbour. Etretat is especially afTecled by artists 
and litetaiy men, who aie attiscted by its pictoresque and cuiioil» 
siCustioD, but these have brought in tbeir train enougli of the beb- 
lofiable world to render the cost of living here considerably higher 
than at less preteuttous but eq^uatly romfortable witeriug-pUcM on 
the same coast. Alplionse Karr did mucli to briiig Etretat into notice. 
The Railway Station, berand which is the Orend-Val (p. 71), 

[la at Bome dietance from the beach. Oti the way to the latter we 
pass the Bomanesque Charch, The Beoch U protected from the sea 
by a sort of embanlunent of shingle ; and a teraace, with the Ca^o, 
IiiE been constructed. The bstbing-establishmeiit is to the right ; 
the left part of the beach is used by the fisberoien for bauling op 
their bouta, andfortbeii 'Caloges', i.e. old boats turned upside down 
and used as huta for storing nets, etc. When the tide is out, the 
women may be 6Ben washing ihelr clothes in a ara&ll streamlet of 
freili water which tlowB beneath the bank of shingle, 
'i'be Ctilfs at Etretat .ire among the most interesting on this cout. 
Both the Falaisc d'Amonl (to the right) and Ihe Falaiat d'Aval (to 
the lel^} are pierced by Porta, worn by the addon of the sea, and the 
same cause has piodnoed various curioas pymmidaland needle-like 
formations. The ascent is arduous, especially In warm weather, but 
there are almost no other walks in the neighbourhood. At low wa- 
ter the diSs may be reached by the beach , though the path to the 
Falaise d'Avsl by thb loute is fatiguing. It la better to arrange to 
return by the beach, if the tide will permit. 
1'6b fh/ai'ae d'Ami nf Is ascendei hv a long tVigbt of steps , Irt- 
ginaing on tlie beach. <in ttiB summU ftie anvQ&fti[i«\isv^«\A.k 
signal-post. Near the latter a pioititBB.iua ^)lW.^o^l■^S'>■'■'>i^^*" 
•rt, leadadowa to a stort twnnel, alHieoV\iM eaitA^Wj^S 
ou ladder (impassalAe hy Indies') deai-endiii 

^^ MONTDIDIER. S. Route. 71 

To ratch the lop of the Faliilie dArat we pries behind (he HAcbI 
Hlaiiqnet and follow flrst the Rue de la Valette und tben the tel«- 
grapb-wirej. Th« nape'^t of the dilTs, etrct<'hlng t^ far W. as thu 
Cip d'Aiitifer, is highly picCares<iue. A amall gmtM at the tnp of 
flue of tiie needle-ronka nearest lo Etretat it dignifled with the name 
of the 'Chimbre des D em nisei lee'. Another r.avern helow, near the 
'ports', which we pass if we return bj the foot of the dXtls, Is oalled 
the 'Trail (1 1'Uomme'. In about 15-20 rain, nftor leaving Etratat 
we reach another rocky gateway, known as the Mannrparte, whence 
a xigiag Btiiir'''ay desueudE to the beach. Many people ndU prefer 
lo come thus far iu order to bathe at liberty, instead of paying for 
one of the stifling hathing'bo^iea at the Casino. 

Id the Graud-Val, the valley to the right of the railway, in the 
Piiait f a pramenHde to which admission Is gained by payment. 
I ntihor on are the Protealani Chapel (serTire in siimmer at 10 n.iu.) 
'lid [be new Pu6I(c Oardms. 

Pftoil STHnTtT TO Li Uivai, l.y Railaav, sea p. U. — By SoaH, 
\iVh X-, dilfgeDCO twice dally In the sellon, ilsrting from the Uijtel dei 
luiiu al 7 ^.m. aoi 1.15 p.m. (tars 3 fr. Bll, 3 Si. 10 c.J. - Tbi road al llr»l 
..',>cDdi for aume distBoce. I'/i ». £e TVIIhiI. 9 H. La Poltrit. alioni 
l>/i M. {loai JSraoml-iu-fiaJ/Jf (Hill. Miirttn). Abool S «. to tbe M.K.H. 
1^ the Cap Mltfv 060 fl), a dsnaeroua pnimaDlorT "Itb a lUhthoiiui, Uii; 
rcfoKIng liglil or nhich is vlilble for 33 H. in favaurable drciimstanitas. 
ffk M. Sethtrl, about IVt M. from m. JinHn (aRtel de PariBj de Boaen), 

■ llDkiog-Tillafe, reiorled to by trtisU. 87. M. CiimHiJj. tl-- ' 

lb( l^Ih tent, church of (llVi H.) Oclnltia la aotevroilby. l&i/: 
e Ur^e Tillage, iDltcatEeg Itae proilmity or I.u IfaTTe, On 

fSle. AdTWe. Tbe r»ed HnUly makes a lun^ duvent, ] 
of ati. AdriHi (p. U). t^ IK'h M.I f.t Hawr, (p. 60), 
8. From Paris to Cambrai. 
k, Ti& Creil, St, Qnaotin, and Bnaignjr. 
139 M. JUil,w»i in 3Vt-fl brs- (fures 21 (r. 95, H fr. SO, (I tr. 
.^blef pointa on this runte are drnptisnt (p. lOSj and SI. Qaim 
ifi.inji >lar( from tbe Gare liu Notd (Pi. B, C, 28, 34; p. I). 

To [ll^H.] Bmiffny, see pp.lOl-lOB. — Our line soon diverges 
to the Iff! from the main line (to Xamur; R. 16] and passes a 
number of stations, of which tbe chief is (118'/« M.) Cmidrs (1K<(. 
de Paris), a m a nufac luring town (9460 inhah.J, with a church ron- 
" "-' a flue copper-gill reliquary of the I6th century. — 1'28 M. _ 
/, .,.,.73. J 

b, TU Creil, St. JuBti uid PAionne. I 

L,w*T in 6'/,.flVihi.. [farea as aboYO). I 

^Vtom Paris to (491/3 M.) St. Jwt, see p. 36, The lli\a lt«t<& ^u-iW't 
"'* v. E. tnd bagiii^ to traverse a flit »ti4 tnoiAWjwtia* ^\aWv'*. 

tf. Maljfatla^. vith a flue chnrch of the 16v\t tfewVuti . 
W/*"- "oatiidiat (Bufftt~H6lel: JICl. de ComdCi Bl- t^V>\-, '™ 
J M».n B'ffb J«44 Inbab., on a slope a\,o^= iXve 1'^""^* ^"^ 



72 BouttS. PfeBONNE- 

havB baeu named by Cbsrlemagna in memory of his oaptiTe the 
Lomb&rd king Didier, wbo was at first imprisoned here. The chur''^ 
of St. Pierrt [IStb cent.) contains a remaikable tomb and a (oDt of 

"tb cent., and a 'Holy Sepulchre'. The churr.h of 8l. SepuUre, 

15tb and 17th cent., with a modero portal, containe tlao a 

Holy Sepulchre of the 16th century. In the Pataia deJuitiee aia six 

Bruielles tapestries of the ITth century. Farmentier [d. 1813), 
ehief adfocate of potato- culture in France, was bom at Monl- 
dldier. anil is commemorated by a statae tbere. 

Fboh Mobtwdikb 10 Ataiiat (Amu), 87 M., rallwoy pf lo»l intereil 
IravBrsing no influstrial aiatrict. _ iVh M. RiuifrH (p. BT). - Bey,.nd 
|59i/, K.) Oiuigaclhs »e mom Ike Cann( de la SomiM, and llie Somme. — 
Si H. FTieouTl, im Ihe line from Ham It, Albert (p. 33l. 

RiDwaj to Ompligat and .teu'nu, tee p. lOS, 

74 M. Hoye (BSt. du Commeret), a town with 43C0 inhab., rarrioB 
on an extensive trade in the grain raised on the Santrrre, the fertile 
ptatean which the railway traverses beyond the town. The church 
of 51. Pierre was bailt partly in Ihe 11th, partly in the 16th century. 
Brsijch to Oompiegiie, see p. 103. 

82 M. ChiHtlnea (HSt. de hi Oare). The villsge, l/i M. to tha N.. 
has a rained Chdtcaa and a Statue of F. Lhamond (1727-94). the 
eminent scholar. ■ — Railway from Amiens to Tergnier, see p. 97. 

The railway enters tha valley of the Somme, and eroBaos the 
canal. — 86 M. MaTchllepot; 93 M, Plronne (La Chspeletle). 

93'/2 M. FiioimB (H6t. St. Ciaudt; dei Voyagatn), a town with 
4816 iiihah.^ on the Somme, is a fortress of the third class. 

In (be 91b and lOtb cent. P^rnnns betoneeil In Ihe cDonti nf Venniin- 
duit, one nf wtinm conHneil King Charles tUe Simple hsre Imm 923 till 
hi> denIL io 93S. The cell in nliich the nnfortnnale cnplive ii laid Id 

Iha t 

own in 


nnd wbonLiinisX 

[, camt 

1 in 

1408 lo cnnclude 




foe two dayi in i 

ha naiUe, 

having Blirred up 

of Utge to re«o 


aien the "Trealy 

=■ Which wa. B> 


ad r^ecled at Co 


SI. H 

le jaja 


' and 

ion of 

king', nafortonn 

te pnllcy. 

1. bowei 

!lDDk the luWD in 

lies Jfort. 


ralely CnthBrine di 


Hn distinEnisbBd 

the 1 


a Ml 

EDcB of tbB town 

agalnsl the Duke o"f Kiesa 

n^ln 16M. 


of oeyei 

! hnvi 

nij been caplnred, 

hot in 

ISta lbs Diike uf Wellington 

broke the spell. On Jan. Bib, 1870, i 
n weok-« bumbardmeni. 
I The chnrch of SC. Jain, dating from the 16th cent., has a Bne 

\ portal, and some good carvings and Etiiued glass. The BStel dt 
ViUe conUins a small Musee (adm. 50 c.; on Sun. gratia). The 
Ch&ltau Gouaiets of four heavy medizvat toweis. 

From (102 M.) Raiiel a branch divaigas U> Si.Qa!n\>Qai;5.1041, 
»ad &om (i07M.) Epchy anoihai, ni|^ W.. \omt, mi«,\n-'*SW 
fp.2ij. lieyond(ii2M.') Viliera-Ptouicliwntowj^* S***""^! 

^■loCambrai. CAMBRAl. 8. Bouie. 73 

II6V1 M. AfuMoinp. Brniiob-lina lo 1.2 M.| Unaniirea (2B16 in- 
bab.l. Railw&y to Achiet aud DBpaume, see p. 21. — We paas three 
snburba.!! stations before reaching the main etatton at — 

121 M. Cambni {H5ttl Boian, dc France, Soldi d'Or, PUce 
ms. Boie), a tonn nitb 26,260 inbab., and tha se&t of an archbisbop, 
litusted on 1 slope on Ihe right bank of the Scheldt. 

Cambnii is gaoerali]r idanlitiad with the Camaraeum of lbs Aolonina 
Jtiqernry. 11 afterwardf became tbe ebpEtal of * amal] opiAoopa] provluu. 
The blahupa, ofleb at alrife with the people, eontlded tha dflfBnca of (hetr 

■ □d Louise of davoy, ftcCtae reflpeetivelT foi 
signed here the >Pali del l>amei'. la IBSfi 
Ihe Spanlatdi. bat in IIDB Louts XIV. recovered II by the treaty of Nlm- 

(iait-171B) and l^dioid Unboii, minialer of Louii XT., nere uohMlbops 
of Cambrai; and the chronicler EnguerranddeKoDSIrelet (d. ItSS) wash.Tru 

inrenled In Ihe fuh cent, by a certain Bapliale, and itill ene of tJw chlel 
prodocta of the town. The French call it 'batiite', afler the iDTentnr. 

As we enter the town through tlie Porte Robert, to Ibu left of 
the station, no paaa neat tlie Citadel, aa the left, and then the hand- 
j.oinB Square de I'EapUiiade, embellished with etatnes of BupiiX? 
;>Ti<l of MorutreUt (see above). The street goes oii to Ihe Place aux 
liais and the Place d'Armea, in which is the B6tel de Viltt, a Urge 
and hindionie modem edifli^e, with a facade sculptnred by HioUe 
of Valenciennes. Tbi Belfry, in the Rob St. Martin, farther on, 
to Ihe left, dates from the lOth atid 18th centuries. 

The Cttthtdrat, or cbucih of Nolre-Dame, farther on, to the left, 
an abbey-vharch dating from the 18th cent., has been rebtiilt since 
n Ate in 1869 in the former tsEteless alylo. It r:0iiuins statues of 
I'VneloiiandBiihop Belmas, by David d' Angers, ur Cardinal Bfgiiier, 
by Lonla-Noel, and of tliehop Giraud, by Ciauk, besides eight Urge 
Iialntings in griaaille after Rubens, by Geeiaerta nf Antwerp. 

Fiwing the exit fiom the cathedral is the Chapellt iJu Siminalre, 
a former Jesuit college [ITth cent.*). Tlie street to the right ot It 
Irads lo the Biie de I'EpSe, at Md. la in which is a Mueit (open Sunt 
nni holidays, 11-4 ; on other days fee) , with paintings uhieSy ot 
the Dutch and French sdiools. 

ThePlacD Thiers, farther to the right, ia etnbelUsbed with a 
Monument lo tbe memory of notives of the town who tcl! in 1570-71, 
hi- HiollE (p, 80). 

A street 10 the right leads lo the Plaice I'ltnolon, in which rjsei 
the church of 8t. Qfry, built in the ISih cent, with a tower 250 ft. 
Iiigh, and a dome over the urossing. It contains a flue inu^\«> \iiq^' 
f erf en t i"lB w tbe organ), gome an tiqne oaV mftiUMoiiB ^jo ftia oVfNJ^ 
''''''"™''''.P«'ntfn^, inclniilnganEnlombmaiilaa'iPftniAWt'i'-^'o*''''' 
^^B (Mli:,m de SeUts, on the banks ot l^eSrlie\it, ii\. vVft'^' 
^^crtlw town, .iate^ mainly from the 15th cBivlvxt-i- ^''*1 





From Awteta 

tstarn beiica to the Pliice sui Bnii« l>y i atrut^t pasnlTig iieutha fottt 
Udtrer-Domt, the finest of tlis MwD-gateB, dating fram the 8puiii)i 
Ddtiod flTtb neiit). — The PuUic library, with 36,000 »ol«. Ml 
1^34 MSS., occupies «ti old i^bspel In thu Rue Gaiabotta, naw 0* 
?lace aiix Rols topen on week-dayB, i-i and (t-ti). 
" "ocir, ISM., milwajr '- '■'-'- - 

r. Stic.) 

«tp. 1 

■ urj, Si 

.^ H.l ^Mm 

p. 9fl), and «a>c<y OIV. M.; p. 82), - Tlis laUwax pxis m 
,) flour, ia Hfllgium, vIA (ll/i M.) «r><i<«, where Ulc Balelii 

p, 106, I 


a 3rr., JftJ. 
(fans atr.KI, 

9. From Amiens to Arras, Douai, and ValenciensW' 

3f[. G«.)t VruiD AitiM to o'lval. Ha., Jn 20 
I n-.SBo.V, rroiD Doual lu ralmdeomi.lDK., 
Sfr.DU, Ifi. 6a c). 

Amienj, Kee p. 2G. Tlie trains run Id ihe direction of Puitu 
far aM (2^2 H.) Lortgutau (p. 21), where t1ief Join the direct IJU 
rrom Paciii to Atras. Thence tu (38 M,) Arrai, see p. 19. 

Oil leaving Arras oar Una pa^Ess the railway 1^ E£thune ul 
Calai« (R. 10] on the left, Andiieacendsllie vdtey of tbe Scarpe. It 
the left are the marshen of Fampeui. Into wlilch a train wu pt»- 
nipilated in 1847, — 1^25 M. (from Paris via Oteil) Roeux; 128 » 
Vitry, where Siglheit, King of Aualraala, was assasainated In tft^ 
by the emlsBariea of Fridigonda; IH^ M. Carbtliem. The toweti ol 
nonU now rome in sight; the tatfeat beloiip to lbs llottl ds Tlfli 
(p. 76]. 

136'/ll^' Don;^. — Hstali. 'UHt. do Cuhherob, Kub St. JaaqoeaD, 
«, fri>ra2, dfij.S, D. 3'htt.-, liuFr»i.H6iEi,, al the alBti.m; Cirt-HihH. 

Cab*. Per drivaeOo.; per br.'viab. for l-iper-„ 3 fr. for 3-1 Bafi-i 
doublB fare al night. 

Douai, a town with 31,400 inhab,, Is eitaated on the cnnaBttd 
cliannel of the Scarpe. It la an Industrial centre of some importance. 
The tortiflcatlons are now being demoliahed. 

Donal It a town of greai Bniii]uiij, hiving probably (jrown up a^gli- 

ch agalnal Iha EnglliL. 
suffemd irteeB and capt 

n JlTS," 

««fi Jnly by tb« F^ia da Oayanl, ni which tlia glai . _ 

.!^..L°..'.,?. 1^...,^':7_?^.'., tbB°aW.*GaTaM°Tn'j^(™' 



the flpaniardi. In 1687 l.c 

Marlborough aud Prince Knyiue, thay made ^ood their footing buIb ti 
1712, and iLeCr puMM.Lon wu CDuBrmed by IhB Irenly of Utrochl IB 

to VaknciemneB, DOUAt. 9. tiouU. 75 

College of E^glisll Benedictines (Rue St. Benoit), founded in 1660 for the 
education of English priests, still has about 100 students. In 1610 an Eng- 
lish translation of the Old Testament for Boman Catholics was published 
at Douai; and the English Roman Catholic version of the Scriptures, in- 
cluding ihe New Testament translated at Rheims in 1582, is generally 
known as the Douai or Douay Bible. — Douai is the birthplace of Jean 
de Bologne or de Douai (1624-1602), the sculptor, and of Jean Bellegambe 
(d. ca. 1540), the painter, sumamed ^Haitre des Couleurs\ 

The street leading to the W. from the station brings us to the 
handsome Place Camot, the principal promenade, near which is the 
Mus^e (p. 76). Thence the Rue St. Jacques runs S.W. to the 
Place d'Armes (see below). 

The church of St. Pierre, to the right, halfway between the two 
'Places', rebuilt in the 18th cent., is remarkable only for its huge 
tower, dating from the 16th cent., and occupying the whole breadth 
of the facade. It contains several paintings of the French school. 

— Near this church , Rue du Clocher-St-Pierre 19 , is the Maison 
des Remy, a handsome Renaissance house of the 17th century. 

The church of Notre-Dame, near the fortifications , to the S.E., 
reached directly by the street to the S. of St. Pierre, contains the 
celebrated * Altar-piece ofAnchin, painted in 1620 by J. Bellegambe 
(see above). Visitors are admitted to the sacristy, where the paint- 
ing hangs, before 12.30 and after 2 p.m. 

The work consists of nine oaken panels, representing, on the outside, 
Christ enthroned between the Madonna, the donor (who is presented by 
his patron , St. Charlemagne), and some monks of Anchin , headed by 
St. Benedict \ on the five interior panels the Trinity is seen surrounded by 
members of the Church Triumphant (254 figures). — At the entrance to the 
sacristy is a curious mystical representation of the Virgin, of the 15th century. 

In the garden in front of the church is a bronze statue of Marce- 
Une Desbordes •'Valmore (1786-1859), the poetess, by Houssin, and 
on the far side the Hospital (17th cent.), with a sculptured pediment 
by Bra. — Farther on is the Porte de Valenciennes, dating from the 
15th cent., whence we return by the Rue de Valenciennes to the 
centre of the town and the Place d^Armes, 

The •H6tbl db Villb, in this square, the most notable edifice 
in the town, is a fine monument of Gothic architecture, partly of 
the 15th century. Above it rises a five-storied Belfry, 130 ft. high, 
the upper part of which is crenelated and flanked with turrets, and 
surmounted by a spire with a lion bearing the banner of Flanders. 
The interior court, the fine Gothic chapel, the Salle des Fetes, the 
Salle de la Rotonde, and the Salon Blanc may be inspected. 

The Rue de la Mairie leads hence to the Place Thiers, with the 
monument to the Illustrations de Douai^ or famous natives of Douai. 

— No. 20, and several other houses in the Rue des Foulons, to the 
left of the Place, are quaint specimens of mediaeval architecture. 

On the other side of the Scarpe, beyond the Place Thiers, is the 
Jardin dts Plantes, a pleasant promenade, in which is a Mus6e Com- 
mereial (adm. Thurs. and Sun., 12 to 4 or 6), Tck \X!l<6\^1\.^1.^^X^s. 
Jardin des Plantes is the church of St. Jacques, Wife Vw\.ftx«i%\S.\\%^^»^- 



76 Boalt9. DOUAl. mlMM^^ 

piaoe o( wbioli tepcosenls a. miracle of tliu year 1254. The atreet 
slmoat opposite tbe cbuich leads to the Palais dt Justici, in h build- 
ing formerly belonging to an ilibey, and situated on (he bank ol tbe 
Suarpe. The ancient hall of ibe 'ParlemenC de Flaudra', which met 
in Douai after 1709 (now oceiipiod as an appeal-court), il adorned 
with good pain tinge. 

The *Miis^, in the Rub Fortier, a street ruiuilng from the 
Scsrpe to the Place Carnot, inclodes a valuable picture-gallery, 
scnlpturea, and eiLcellent ethnographieal, zoologioiil, and antiquikritn 
colleotlona. It is open lo ths public on Sum, £ Thiirs,, 11-4 ot .i; 
to visitors after 9 a.m. on other days for a fee. The exhibits are pro- 
vided with explanatory labels. 

Oround-nosr. — VisTiBDLi. Ramim antiquities, sculptured fngioaiils, 
[nBludiBg eapilals from Bavay Cp. Saj, ate. 

SauLnuEB Uallset, la tlie left. Beside lbs windows: Bnits, eigbl nf 
whicli ars nnliguo, Ist row opposite tbe windows: 877. DoHalillc 0). 
EL<ie Homo, lUKI. School ef Jim d9 Beh<ttu <p. ID), Pissnloce; BSS. J^ff- 
ratait, Itevery^ lOfiS, Atliihuled to Jean di Bologtu, Pissulorei SCS. OmU 
iTAagen, Bnat of XeFKi, of Dnusi (lT»-183Sj, iha lawyer, m, U2G. Bra, 
iifDonaidTBT-iaeS), Basis ofOtBrtosX. luid Jein de BiilOBne lofhec bo«M 
by Bra fvthar on); S3i. Jam dt Boloime, guneun smiling the PtHUetiaai, 
terncoltB, SaS. Laoiul, of Doul, Juhn the baptist makiag Mi DiQiai una. 
JonJ^rv, Henana Kerlloi 711. t. PerriH, Boy playine; no munbec, radit, 
UBneral rHfirilier (hri>PM bnsl); 682. Daprn, Innoeenoe (bronMU 818. 

CrntiH.ion (oasl)- — and row. returning:' 690. Bra, Model for Iba itMW 
rif Qon. NHCTieralLillfl: BQl. BUnier, of Douai, Bonaparte at lbs brUie Of 
irlSTli 9S7. iamu(,Bore»seiirryiiigoffOreHh7l»j 
h, Bra, BIT, Aristodemas at tbe lomb of Ms 

E.~ciiil!i^~ipWnil~m. Bronle reproduottJn ^ofTMera^y "by^JISi di 
BoiofffW- — Brd row: Busla, 827. rrat^nrvUle , Jean da Bologne. Other 
works by Jean de Boloene are represented by redncod copies tn the gliM 
eases. — ConlKuaUoa tf Orimnd- Flco'. see p. 16. — Tba staireasa al Ibe 
eai of tlia Seulplura Gallery leads to the Pictnre Gallery on tbe -~ 

Flnt Ussr. — Boom 1, lo the right: 351. Schoftn. Lait momeati ol 
lUa Caoel family i CO. Braieaual. Landscape > 937. Mane, Day after f.j- 
dayi 77. Csral, Landscape; US. ^rumfnOn, Street in Alsariai imi.lltmvit- 
Bnlai, The family I 7Sl.B»HKr, Serenade at Capri; iio. J. Brmn.Ktbtl 
girl, 780. De CoMnct, Gone.iiTa of Brnbinl; 7«. Em. Brrian, Wlntor-nlehl 
Id Artoiii 7fl7. Osiu, Christ in Hie Pneturlnm. — 761. Frmnai: Pan 
IbronghtbeeorniTaS. CiwrM, Reaeetioni S4. SucfiHI, Banks of tbe IfeHt. 
— Id the centre; Awufn, Sketch of a munnment to DaplBli (p. 10(S. 

Booh U, 116B. P. Mimari, Flora and her court; SOt. £afrmft ttt 
Bliir, Eliiibelb, Empre^is af Bnisla (d. ITeili 111. P. da Orlaia, ProHd- 
encB commandlDE (he present and the future; UDO. Cofiuccf, Cbildiaii 
Sta. aaucfmam, Kadonaa and Child; iWt. Vaiari, Kary Magdaleni SL 
P. da Coftona, Eleaiar and Bebccca. — fflor^mi. Uadonna; lUO-lilS. 
GiordoM. Kythulo^lcal tubjecti. _ On Ibe «ide lo the right from tbe <■- 
truice: Bmilli, Orpheus In Hades; 11G8. Lippi, Tublai and the AuRalt 
7SI, BauoMO, Annuneialion tu Ibe Shepherds; Tia. itimiiofer, P^awvDi 
see. Baiaiu, St. Valentine baplising SI. Lucy; 416. BumitAcUitf Cl)i 
s'Bnii.nn inri Ampliitrile ; T77. Pfln(ni, LanAita^ wtlh ruins; 751. liaf 
1 Jady; 1081. CuroDoairio, Saouon ^^.i. ^.VAil.-, \Stlb.'QlA. 

•RAW <(/' fatari, jionionfl of on aUar-jVcu;-, VTai- Lew 
JMoa and Bt. Jr.lin a.< children; 938. School of 8 " 


^■fo VaioKiBmuii. DOUAI. 

lis. Sc»ooI tf T. Cod*, Adontion iif the MasM 
Monea; liOj. Cto^f, Marriage of Si, Calhari 
Pimilyi 1C60. School of Brmrino. P.irtrail of 

EOOM ni.' 2Jl.Vai.j/oelWsi., Madomia ana Child (iau. f/>*fi'iwi JrHrt, 
Trluljch miule ap of portlona from dlRhnnt Kosioesi U. Btfih, Triale o{ 
Job |gru>esque);aB3. Ton Or;w, HiidDiina and Gbilili IS. fiMcit, HI. Jaroiae, ' 
•X. J. BtOraamVi (?). Dead bishop lying In etaie. — lU. Frimct Ou Tmiaftt; 
Adontfon of the Higl (copy of »ut«u); 381. ffflcMoMU, Tillage hlr; Bl 
fubo'c), J. BdlegambtiJ), Sl.Vaaal pert'onnlng amlracle WoreLothnirl.; 
H3S. Habait (I). Galtlng of 81. Hutlhew i 134. Sihoel of Van B^t, Proine- 
ibEDf . letO. Bim-Bndi, Quay al Haaplem; IIB, IIS. DsiMUS, Fortriutg; 
lyS. /*. firwrhl »> £l*r, Tillage attacked by disbanded iioldUr"; T6S. A. 
.'xii BurdiTv/rn. Torren'i S60. ran A'odi-i, Adoration of the Hagl; 193. 
fuBimofu, Landiicape; 138. C. nan £im«iip>n. Portrait^ 1G98. B, Frantk, 
Adorarioa of IhoHsgi; 3B9. O>roj M< £Afer, Portrait; 2& (above), J.AilK- 
fnfTite, Laqt Jndgineiit. — 116T. Uarttlu, Poilnit; 181. Bdmol of HelMti, 
l.ulheii 302. ernrau, Hargaret of Parma, 130. Vm Dyet, Christ monrued 
b>' angeh: lU. niDC*, Dnke o( Bniniiwick; TBI. JfxtAU, Pan and CereF; 
33T. ronderifnibn, Lnnl. XIT.; 33S. Xim6wa. Portrait uf a mlKtaryengla- 
eEri aU. .^nf. ifort, Porirait: 8ti. J. O. Caw, BnMio interior, iib. P.Ht 
Ketvn On JUder. Landseapoi il. D'Arlrtii, Landscape; abirva, 301). Afla- 
Jlr^mM, The Sings. — 9S3, Oi Momprr, Landscape; iBT, /Dnfwfu, Pnrlrall i 
IBI. Jm-fi, St. Anbcrt pemoYing tba bodv of Si. Vaaflt, T9U. Tnim Bit 
itldfr, Boreery', 391. Au^ni, Vinlaee; 181. Fan »<!««•(, Village rejoiclngei 
IBB. D'BmdeteilB; Peaeook attacked by a oor.k; IM. Vaa Dget, St. Bene- 
diet recelYliig HS. Placidai and Hanras al EabiacD , IBS. B. ion dirmut, 
POftnUt H. Craitaa Ou Etdtr, Siren; 1639. Vaa Btut, Horse-faiT) 16(3. 

?53. Di Kemper, Lanilscapt ; 81. Be Oraier, Je«a» and the Virgin iBloroedlne 
( >r a ilnner. — 163. Vander Oou, Uadonna of the Abbaye St. Berlin, 130. 
i(w7inl.drluf, Triptych; BGO. Schem, Adnrallon of the Magi; 381, JfarAwi, 

r' ?t. Peleri "m. CnlJIm ArNU. iKraelilen ga'beHng manna; 161. Tan 
,i,r Oea, Madonna anil Child irllta flt. Anna; 3D. Vaail ficUvoniAelT). A 
liirmlBicao. — In the centre: •%. J. BaUtaa^t Oit BUter (p. 7B), Shultsn 
<>r a Iriplyrli In honour of the Immacnlata <;oneH;itlon (IKB); 21. J. BOIf 
fambe[!'). 39. Belmil ef BtOttaoiti. Shntlere of a Irlplyoh; 406. Boetr ran 
ilir Wtt/ien (plelnre painted on both niden), virgin appearing to aCisterclaa 

" "- — "-' "Inor (contlnui 

_. - ,_. irj, contain 1 - , -. . 
iMlly and provided with labels. — B 

,- , aionen. pottery aodfilBnce, 

■plale, Roman oiliqulHes, hronnMand pottery found at Bm ay (p. 831, 

a i^s '■»=, .k„.,. „ L...; ,.».... ^„.ars, with SO^OOO toIb. and 
■M, {open on weflk-JaFB, (rt 13 anil a to 4 (II &1. T,"\» wi\\K,*i.n 

' «*" "f""" J'"""' l''<he ColleeHm of ffattival HUtoni, atJiiWi 

giMer of the to^n bel.ind tlie MnftSe \« W fc\Ml^t *■*■« 




— Id the uidf Eqiiare rites tbe cbntrti of Si, Girf. ■ 
pullf dating Itoid Ui« 13th i^ent, thooffa the el«guu town ft 
modem. The fine wood-curings in the choir (panlj lG-17ft(aaL] 
■Hamate ttie UTe al SL liotbert, the founder of (Ika PianMBfln- 
lenritn order. In * itiaJglil line bam (hit point is th« bandMB« 
Plate d^Arma, Dsnkcd on one lids bf booses of a aniform height 
and bj aome andcDl timber dwellings, dating from die peniodot 
ibe Spanish o-fupatioD [17th lent). — The 'B6tu dc ViUt. in ibii 
Place, is the most interesting building in Valenciennes. It dalel 
from the ITth cent, with the e^ceptian of the imposing fafadt, 
which was rebuilt in 1867-68. The Utter tonsisi* of a row otDoiir 
columns sapportlng a similar row of the Ionic order, aboie wiiieli 
are Catyatides bearing an open gallery, x pediment with sculplam 
by Carpeaax representing the Defence of Valenciennes, and a o»m- 
psnlle of two stories. The second floor is deioted to a Mtuie »f 
PairUitig and Stalptitre, with one of the most eitensiTe collecHonl 
in France of wotIlb of the Flemish Srhool (open to the pnblio on 
Thars. t Sna., and on other days on appli'-ation , iO-Vl A 14; 
entrance by the arst erchway). 

Booh I. Drawings, eneraTiOEi. Plemlnh lapulry (IGlh etui.), eti. 

Rooa 11. SenlplDre. £teUi (o(V>lmelaiuies),KS.ColDHal groi^lolba 
meBtorj of FrencbSDlAlen killed la battle ttha model of tb« tDonumBal at 
Canbral. p. 73); SU. TemptattoB <n tbe Vildemeu (bac-reliaO; do noBbiT, 
TrafftI, Bbephard OTcreomlng a mad dog; 1^4. L. rat*, B^oading of SI. 
DEnlsi 331. CarUir, Oilllat (troni Viclor Hneo's 'ToUen of the Saa'l, 
caall 960. Liatairr (of Valencileiuiu), Girl and bnltarflT garble]. — Fainl- 
iaei: Tl. Lor. ill Grril^ Xadonnai 196. Dm. da rolltm. Dead Ctariil: SSI. 
FIbuM aOioKl 0/ lla ISO, unl.. Adoration of Ibe CUId i bSL eB-ma» Mwl 
E>/ Ma )SU> eal., Ecca Homni Fltmitli SrAtel vf lla Ita hhI., B6S. Dealb 
at the Virgin, 68a Adnnlion "! Ilj< Hagl: 63. AfUf Bouana. Jean dt 
Boloens (p. 70). 

KooH III. ScDlpluru, palntingi, etc. ^. CorpHntr. Model oC the mbn 
n( UgoUoD In the Tnilcriei ganleo. — FaintingK: XII. SHubat, Peter tbt 
Gnat wbeo a eUld nscned by hla mollier from ths atnllli iDsnrnBlai 
at. aiaOi. St. Eliiabelh of Hnn^ry. To tbe right, 190. AM d* Pafl, 
nanaids) HI, 133. Qntnl. da Lataar, Porliaita in erayOD (cnvared). 

Booh IV. Front wall, IKS. JuIk L^imard, Phyaloiui of the poori lOS. 
Harpismla (of Valencionnes), Same ilui pent; -/SO. adutili. Monk and jitt- 
Slim I 318. Aiin. XarriaEe-husl. — In (be eaoDe: BTB. aiolk, Arion (bnnM). 

Booh V. £. J. WaOiaii, 296-263. Hoining, Noon, Hvenlng, NldU. 
•m. DItinliMli 4U. Calln, Loois XVl.; m A«i. Waiiiau, Anloine Patw. 

£ma<a or/. Ifiif, Cara-pliyen; J. B. PBter{of Valeneiennei), Ji28. lUorea- 
Unn in Itaecoantiy, ISe.DoTe'a netti 307.^11 WaiHau, Scene in a park: 
281. Ontaom ArUil, Potrail of Laaii XIV.; 531. Falrr. Open-air eOBcerl. 

— Between the wlnduws : 328. (Vnut, Elegy (marble). — In the cantre: 
milli. Karclaias ImarMe). 

Booh VI. No.m ^. MnSucAIsiturir, Allaek-on a eunvoyiU. '^tU-JtH' 
B\-%tghil, Tall daranred by LTgory, and the UaniBr davonred by the UarUt 
ST. Arab. F-VMli. AnlmslB enlerine Ibe arlc) 20Q. Kdlud (Sattrf), EHftly 
Pmilac! MO. Talltgruln, Storm*, •'SA. U. it Vn. Adoration of the Ifad I 
ISO. Fait JToerl, Dead Christ in the lap ot Iha V\i«Vu-, Wb. ?\mM. BttMl 
""'-"" "- -■ --- -- ■"-e\Kn°¥Atfi — - - 

Vrt/ 7/>!» ttar., Deaihi -111. Jordama. twe\K^li^i*l^■- 
«fm of Suropa: 60. P. da Corlona, HctoUu-, •Tia. 8 
(SJfgfua) ml lbs fcnl nrihc Vircin- \f& Stetft Ibt Taunqcr, 

^^^^* VAt.ENCIENNES. 9. ItouU. 81 

dhiVflaod.Kllcbeii-KeDB; nS.DiPiriia (pn^l of Vslaiquei), BobBmluiB: 

RouiiVU. No. las. ro-JAirii, PsniiadSytlni^as. 'ffill-Jtra'ai-uraAil. 
ClirlelptHicbingi 2. At. Adrtatniim; FIsh-merDliiHit | 8T. Fan Si^in, Lwd- 
t»pei U. ColHfrl, PJBi^; 4. Pa* Ailti, fllill-lirn; 81. /tetun- O, Tiro 
Uilla lienus) 119. ifi)iKAi.Tsn , Lunrljcips; OK. Cn-itHiMi, Chirltyi 37S. 
UiitiiDifn JrIM , l.3ir)il dsHcnilHd from the Ccoasi i2. .llwud Cmd, Hs- 
dODBk; ass. I7«iiai<i Arliil , Ma^onnl ud Oblld wllb SI. Jobn; 998. Cn- 
loiw* jlrKil, A fsmlly of ibi|)'Onneri; 13. Cornio di JIfraaia, Don 
Culoe, sftecwardiChnrluII. orSpitlnfd. ITOOJ; liO. BuginaKi, I^ndaupe; 
191. /fsHon ^AvDl cf l\( ISIA huI,, Atlar-plcGB, 8. Joequu d'Arlluit, 
Ludaespei !>&&. WmmU, Luidscapei HI. JmueM, Putv. — The eIssi 
cuH conUiD annqnitles, Uce, aniiill cacvlngi, etc. 

BixiM VIIL No.Sfi. 'Vetter Bnufhel. Luidsiapei 309. BiAinl, EMtalt 
nfRi. v»nr(B Of Aulsh 313- Tan d( Kdde, deu-pleoei aZJ. To/i Ooif •'<'"'- 
"hophenlii ISt. /■aurtui rk> rouniri'', efuie de Hcdi. 


Ibe Shophenlii ISt. /■aurtui rk> rouniri'', efuie de Hcdiuii-, BS. ^^ 

, Flemish tavern-sceDe; 90S. R^llitluHimK- , MadannA and OMld, ^^H 

, Jobn ud ang^g, on eoppar (rsauced cup; afler indraa dd ^^H 

13.1. hurbuA Ihi youngti-, Pgrtniits of cbtldren; IDS. IH Ban, ^^H 

i; SeS. /''■. )faui>«-«ai, UunteM leMng out; 229. Con Son, Btill- ^^H 

T. ,^> CVuvir, Oar Lad; of Iha^Bosarf! 1S3. Pimrbul l\t ytmgir, ^^ 


SliU-ltfg; 969. , - 

life; tlT. Dt eraser. Oar Ladj of Ihi 

PttnTsll; S17, BaftlMtn. l.Ttaiie.ife; ir. ran aaaen, iiercuir reeaniiie 
Herae and A^laora on their way lo the temple of HlnerTii BB. FT. Fnaek 
Ae Bidtr, Charlei V. ueumine th< maoastio Oteiti S. Vm A,Ui, etlU-IIIei 
3U. r.rM.r* m< yom^jf, Interior of s grotto ; 'BO. ("ub fljirt, MartjiiloiB 
i>r Si. Junta and his aonverled acoiuH i ifulou, ••SIO, Sll. SU, 318 (od the 
bukj, SI. Siepheo'i ipoech, Sloniog of Stephen, Enlombmeat of the aainl. 
ABDuniauian, an admlrahle triptych, IB-Ufl. high, paioted in 1629 fur the 
ahbaj'olSt.Amand (p-Saj; ISO. OuUiViuffl, Judgment otPaxlai 118. Joi- 
iaent, Judnnenl of Hidaa^ 'IIB. a. Cttai-i (Caialicri iTAnlau), [ttaaa and 
Actnin, lb. ilaraUt, Poctralti 351, M, di Vol, Clrcomdalon; 100. Sofdi' 
Bdium, at. PBtcr'i lepantaiiect -311. Jtmlmt, Uesceol from the Orasii fiCfi. 
Ouirp. KDiaing oC Lataiuei "LST. Itariiui it Jiotiur^-atle , Bankac ud Ma 
wUei ass. SauiltrM, Poultry, gunifl, Uah, and ^nlti 173. i/arOn Ptprn (an 
Antirerp BrllM nhoas woika an sioeedlDgl; icacoe l 1675-1819), St. Barnard 
trianiphing aver tha icbiAualtD William at AqultiJns. in picaenting the 
Roit Is him; 396. Bnastri, Woodland landicapei 271. ZmsarflU, Caaosdea 
>t Tliolii 28. Betch, TemptBtloa of Bl. Aatooy; 337. Baayrri, Landieape; 
106. Air. Ma ViriAt, Cbrlal at Bolhunyi 69. D' C'aytr. 91. Feler's repent' 
aace; QSO. SwItfHOker, CalllB-maFkeli 'AI7. r.Nlsralte, PIcIA; U. Oarp'our. 
Model of the ilatue of Ant. Watteau (p. Til]. - fi5B. Zsrbaran, Undosiui; 
353, P. dt Vu, Boni^bimlj 63. Di Oragtr, KepeoUnt Hngdaleu. — In the 
'" ~ nKV&leDdenneai d.liSB), Pualof an BiYote pftlnl- 


OS-, va. 

on IX, on the olhar aide of the aculplure-giallery. Uu. 134. ^aAcvx, 
pboD, cunquaror of Ibe Cblmiera; 501. BarflfaiH, Tba valley ol 
iD*oc«i Mb. HvB. Delacroix. Fall of the TiUnai BIO. aianir, St. 
1 301, fi»U, Strike of miuoHi 103. OdrpigiHU, Ths old nDl-trea. 

t by iVolta and Carput 
UuoH X contalna farther varka by CarJ/tmn:, obiell; mudeia, 
ThflRnefl.Qery lends from IheN.E, nortiet ofthePlaca d'ArmeB 
10 the Place fVeitiort, wbicb is emitetlished with a line marbla Blaluc 
<jf Jtan FroUsart, the Illustrious iibroiiiclet fii. nbout 1410), liy Lb- 
inaire. The stacue 1a atirroundeil with 10 lironw modallionB of 
eminent nattves uf tLe town (inscriptions). 

ISb Jam ffoiptial, an thi other back o( the 8eliB\4t, wBi'\ra.'v\*.'>»'>^» 
^■i/ft^w'Sil'ni"n'H?J"f ,?' "" ff two 'UatdB- tiboM\*l*A^ imw-wr 

e FroiBBart is t\i« Rue ie'Ao*'- ' 




82 HouU W. CAS9EL. 

Bfcoond turuiDg to the right from which leide to the PUce VeiK, 
whence the principal church of the (otto, Notre-Dame-du-8aint- 
Cordon, is visible. This interesting moileni eiliflce, built in Ue 
Et^le of the 13th cent, is richlf dei'disted and has good italiuid- 
glaB! windows by LSvequB. — The street leading to ths N.W, (to 
IbB left) from the fi^ade (the church lies from N.E. to S.W.J de- 
bouches In the PUce d'Armes. 

PleBMiit Walks Eecohbiuns mav he mads In the Delgbbourlioild 
or ValenciensM, with Uie aid of Itia varluus IramwarB meDlloiietl al p. 79. 
OoDd wslkETB may so as far u Aniin, Brtlimii, or Deaai,i: while thi 
faral of IMimii (p. 79), Bi. Avwui (p. Bb), and Sffcourir (bob belnw] .w 
mDT* BBBil; reaulied. VlaOors (n lbs & H.) fialAi of St. Amand ukB 11» 
tramwiy lo lb« Flics du UilgmeJ, dBsceod tbe Kue du Hai^, aod crm 
tba foreal. Tbey ma; ^D oa (beace to Jialre-Daine^'Amiiw, Do Ibe raid 

k. ti IbeV.E 

way in I'/i hr. ((am, af 

.B5, ifr. 85o 

). About H, 


SAoHr*, th 

ilcb, dating f 

om the laib ea 

Dl., conlalngtbetonli 

of Ht. Llruu 

cMle«u il B 

pondauid flaeebu. 

The ohilM 

alEth, a lilt 

fine park, watered Vr 

(lie Anittib 

urroad° ^ 


i»b^, near Tooia J. 

From thlB 

point we mh 

leaeb the s 

nasi (see balow) ill 

wWch al.n h 

M a park nn 

i rouble -q»a 

ries. The district 1. 


-12 a. SI 

/.. - 16"A, M. 

Baia; (Bufftl-MUith 

llDDSh 11 

; town nader tbeBO' 

roans, wbi 

ari"°> H^Tv 

<wn orSn™ 

or recovered 

Its prosvflril; 

wllSle"fl w« m>^. 

e in the li-hlh centnriM. A fm 

Raman ran 

ain< hate beon fgnnd. B 

at the inlerseoUon ol 

elgbt Bom 

her thoraaebrarM b 

V these still r 

eh replaces I 

one al their junalloa. 

Railway t« 


Quesno,, >e 


Paul. ViLiBoiEssa. 

assels), lO'h « 

railway la i-B/thf. 

(fares 3fi. 

6, a fr. 20, 1 f 

. 26 B.). Th 

ve^es 10 the B. fnm 

Itaa Llao^ 

line. - 4X/i 

M. OHnai„s. 


tl<in. Braneli 

, see p. 87. / 

I (8V,11.) ()««■«* 

IBuSw) the 

Belli m caslo 

u Is made. Si 

eep. WlT^ 

<mmapa. ^ aOVf M. ifo"t, 

10. From Azras (FariB) to Sanldrk. 

70 H. RtiLWAT in a-3i/ibr>. (fares 12 fr. Sfi, S fr. 60, &fr. I'«c.}. 
From Anaa to [46l/i,M.) Hottiroucft , see pp. 19, IS. The 
iftilway to Danktrlc aontinaea to run towards the N.W., leaiing the 
Calais lino on the left. 

51 M. Ctuiel (H&ul da Sauvagej, a town with 36612 intikh., 

deriving >U name from t)ie 'Castellum Modnoriim', which ocenpied 

tie site in Roman lioieE, is aitu&led oa &« Monl Coui). ^^.^t^.^ 

'a abrapt blU, 2M, from the MatiouM loaA ot V ^. Xsi 'i**^^» 

footp»ib. Ita cominaiiding 8,iid sttong ^mUVq-q m.tiaVit' — — " 

p the object of $lege »nd oaptute, beloTs U -"a.* ftrinWi » 


. Rcmte. 83 

Fiance br the Utat; of Nimvegen in 1 678. CAsavi hns giiea name 
to thcee important battles : in lOTl Pliiiip I. of FraIll^e was darested 
bere hy Kpbert, Count of Holland; in 1328 Philip VI. ot Viloia 
eraihed. the Flemish ranimunea chat had revolted against Louia I. 
of Nevere, their eonirt; and in 1677 the Duks of Orleans, brother 
of Louis XI7., defeated William of Nassau, Prince otOlange. General 
Vandamme (1771-1830) was born at Caase!. — The (own presentB 
almost no points ofinterest, though its nunieroui windmills give it 
a striking appearance from a diatnnco. The tercai^e of the ancient 
chateau commaads a vide view, including, it is said, 32 towna 
■rid 100 villages. The old Hdtel de Ville conCilns a small Mwiie, 
fi6 M. BBrgDM rT^I* d'Or), a tbrtifled town vrith 6356 iiihab., 
at Ihejnnction of three canals. It has rreqnentl)' been captnrsd by 
the French, English, Spanish, and Dutcli, hut sucoeasfuUy resisted 
the attack of the Euglisb in 1793. The church of 8t. Martin, in 
the Gothic style, rebuilt in the ITth cent., with a lofty tower, con- 
tains several interesting paintings and a noCowortby hlgh-altBr. The 
Belfry is a Gothic bciok erection of the 16th century. The USUI lU 
Vittt, in the Spanish style of the 17th cent., contains a small hut 
inteiestlllg sollectlon of paitilijjgs, chiofly collected from the con- 
vents of the town (comprising single examples ot Van Dyuk, Bibers, 
Matsya, and liubens] ; adm. on application to the custodial 

lavn nilh 3315 i 

m-' 1 

I Hondu^haal 
"" TO), 8M. I 


gained bj tlie Frennh in niH over the British am 
petled tbo Inllcr to raise iho siege o[ Dunkirk. 
Beyond Bergnes our line Joins those to F 
70 M. Dunkirk, I'r. Dunitr^ue. — Bsti 
B.1UOK, Hue 81. BihuUen 5, K. A i. frum 3 fi 
KB Flibdhk, Rne Alexandre ni t8 and 10, H.ii 

Oa«ii and'Saiti 


■[ (10 0,1, It 

>e ho 




tide Ceomp 

.. th( 


»■ Woti^i 


Taylwr, E, 

ice Jeac-Bart; in the Kua Aleiao- 
BaaalB du COTiiiiiercet anrl at Ibc 

It (p.Sfi), til the Place Jea 

Bull. L^lh. 

1 QgulB. 
dUi Agaat, 

Engllih ObSTch', Plus At la Prisun ; Ubaplaia, Rev. W. J. Oi-imtM, U. *. 
Dunkirk, with 39,700 Inhah., Is the fourth eommerrfai port in 
France and afartrea« of thedrst clas«. Its strength isiargely due to its 
position in the WuiltrlTiguei, a district drained hv oiea-ra ot t-i^ita 
and iykai, wbidi lu rimes of danger may be com-jVeleA.^ \a\i^iA«* 
•rater. Tie great majority of He liibabitftnts o! ftus aiaXA^X "t 
ta^fa aixj gpeak liltlB or no French. Tteio is a. 6-ovaffl- E.o.'fii^-^ 
MMM^DaUr^, ^rbkb is annually re-lti(oiceS.\)7 sutaniCT- 


eUi or lOUicenl., wlicn U it applied to llit commuatly fcrmed at Ibl Hn I 
hunleU or £1. OUht uid Bl. £M. Ilie WffD bslODged at Dtit to Ui I 
eoooU of FluidBM, bm from lie i^loac of ihe 13ih tont. lu poueHla* im I 
frequentlT dl.puted bf iha French kinga. In leifl (he Srui t-ond< biAnl 

in 10S2 the 8p>pi«ds Hftaii ■ ' •" ' " ' " 

Ihe h.iDd« of CiomHell, 

Kojaliiin fongbl I 
buUI k clUdel, 

ogslnst EDElsna llie prl««tBMa o'f Dunliifk wrounlit mat bavt-c" oniDnf U> . 
enemT'i mlpplng, ind nl Ibe peiee of Vtncl-' '- '■"' "— " — "-■■ ■— '-^ 
an ttas dulnietion of tbe birbour; ■ ilmll*. _. , _.... 

Ibe peace of Farts In ITU. Id 1793 Dunkirk olTerBd a 

IbeEni^lib, uidwu IIdsIIt relieved b; ike vlutor; at BondaelioaleC^.BIl' 

Though cleaJi and well-built, Dunkirk la ifllnpata lively DIllnt«^ 
esting. For many ciBitore the Harbour je the principal object of it 
IrarttoD. From the BaMJn d /IdI du Commeret the Qual dsi Hal- 
landitis leads to (he S. to the ^rriirf-Porl, on the N.W. dde It '' 
wliich lies the Busjin de la Marine. On the S.E, ride is the Faitit 
ta Marine, a facoiiriie promenaile. Thence (lie itreel runs to theS, 
tovtrdB the rs i I way-Eta tl an, turning lo the W. t, little Tarther on uH | 
crossing a canal. To the Tl.R. al the Basein dn Commerce e&lmit 
ttiu outer hathour, with its spadouB basiui and doi:k3, ievent ll 
which have been completed only sin'-e the recent espanBion or At ! 
rorliflcationc. The chief trade of Dunkirk is in wood, grain, and ymA- 

Near the S.E. angle of the Bassiii dn Commerce rises the chnnl 
of St. John the Baptist (18tli cent.), iti which are a Christ by Vw 
Uycksnd a Holy Family by Guide Reni. ^ The church of St. Bol,* 
little lo the E., a Gothic edifice a! the 16th cent, has double aido, 
but tbe whole nave has been unduly shortened by the remoTiIM 
Iheflratbayg. Tbe W. portal is of recent conelrnctioa, TheBtlfit. 
a massive square tower of brick, 296 ft. high, it now sepaiated tna 
(he church by the Rue de rEglisp. 

The Place Jean-Bart, to the S. of the churrh , occupiw the 
nentce of the town. It is embellished with a bronze statue, by David 
d' Angers, of Jean Bart (1661-1703), the famons sailor and prlsatan 
of Dunkirk. Tbe Rue des Vieni-Quartiers, and then the liue Soger, 
the third turning on the right, lead honce to s square with the Theatre 
and the Husde. 

The Htiiic, on the site of a former convent, the garden of which 
i> now apromenide, is open to tho public daily, except Kiii, 12-6, 
from June 1st to Sept. 30tb, aad on Sun, and Thurs., 1^4. dmint 
the rest of the year. Strangers may obtain acceEs at other times. 

Goon I. Hodeli of ships, etc. — Rook n, 10 Ite right. HedaJa, wensM, 
Bthnograpblc and oilier cclteetlODS. Ai the lib window, to ibe rlEht, Hsid 
of lunei II. of EDglnnd, In wul, with the up be irore db bis dsatk-Ma. 
~ Hoou III. Xatutal Uttur; eollettiOD. 

The Dell Ibree ruDtni conlaln Filstinfi, — Roan IV. To (he rigbt, 

DUNKIRK. 10. Route. 85 

138. (7fo<M, Festival in honour of Theseua^ 818. De Taverne, Jean Bart 
landing at Dunkirk after the battle of Texel in 1694: Landscapes by Ptlouze 
(216) and others ; 897. ITsertt, The swoon ; 262. RanvUr^ Echo ; 178. Le Roux^ 
The mysterious stone of Pompeii; 7. Bcutdei\ Washington bidding farewell 
to his mother after his election as President of the United States ; 149. 
Jadin, Boar-hunt. — In the centre, 42. Tony Noil, Romeo and Juliet (marble). 

Boom V. To the right, 8. BakkuyaenilY Sea-piece; 241. Patel, Italian 
landscape J 807. SnagBn, Clavaliers proceeding to battle. — 280. Van der 
Near, Moonlight ; 186. l/uini. Madonna on the rocks; 12. Baroccio, Adoration 
ot the Shepherds J 9. VanBaUny Holy Family; 183. &tM(rd«\ View in Venice; 
256. PywMikWj Study of trees; 218. Minderhout, Harbour of the Orient; 833. 
Kan Thuldm (after Rvheiu), Annunciation ; 115. Franek the Elder, Herod and 
Herodias receiving the head of John the Baptist ; 30. Brouteer or Van Heenu- 
kerck the Elder, Tavern; 291. Rubens, Assumption, sketch for the painting 
at Vienna; 99. Jhnvi (?), Head of a girl; 237. Palamedes, Happy meeting; 22. 
Btoemaert, View in Italy; 296. J. van Ruisdael, Landscape; 226. Murillo, 
Madonna and Child. — 2. Albano, Venus causing the anemone to spring 
from the blood of Adonis; 187. Maratta, Infant Christ distributing rosaries; 
300. Snapers, Attack on a convoy; 224. Moucheron the Elder, Return from 
the hunt; 8. AIbaw>, Death of Adonis; 212. Afilboume, Interior of Bonn 
minster. — 86. Brueghel ihe Elder, Village wedding; 284. Zorg, Farm 
interior; 28. Boucher, Venus and Vulcan; 145. Van Hoeek, Snow; 1W5. J. de 
Reyi^, Comte d'Estrades ; 847. A. Vermeulen, View of Dort ; 253. Bassano 
and Vim Kusel, Lazarus and Dives; 59. Conea, Madonna appearing to St. 
Joseph Calasans; 842. Verkolie, Portrait of the artisfs daughter; 324. 
Teniers the Younger, St. Antony of Padua making fish speak. — 346. /. Vemet, 
Sea-piece; 220. Molenaer, Rustic scene; 311. Solimena, Assumption; 241). 
Ptitel the -Wdto\ View in Italy; 219. Mtereoelt, Portrait; 3J5. /. Vernet, 
Shipwreck; 1K28. P. Neeff$, Church-interior; 806. Snayers, Cavalry skirmish. 
— Sculptures: 80. Filon, Andromeda; 17. L. Durand, Mercury (cast); 15. 
CoelU, Shipwreck (cast); 44. Houdon{;i), Bust of Voltaire; 13. Canova, Bust 
of Ifapoleon I., etc. 

Boom VI. To the right, 147. Holbein the Younger, Portrait of Luther 
or Melanchthon; 101. DUrerCi), St. Jerome; 368. Wildens^ Return from the 
hunt) 190. Maxmoli, Scourging of Christ. — 238. Fatel, Landscape; 192. 
Van der Meulen, Cavalry-engagement; 386. Italian School, Bearing of the 
Cross; 834. Le Valentin, Guitar-player; 239. Patel, Landscape; 370. French 
School of the 17th cent, Bacchantes; 196. Mignard, Duke of Burgundy, 
grandson of Louis XIV. ; /. de Reyn, 261, 266. Portraits, 267-269. St. Alexander 
delivered by angels, triptych with portraits of the donors; 278. Ei'gaud, 
Portrait of a steward ; lo7. Jouvenet, Head of an old man. — 396. Flemish 
School of ihe l€th cent., Portrait; 117. /. Fyt, Still-life; 264. Fr. Pourbui, 
Martyrdom of St. Qeorge, a triptych, pronounced by Michiels the artist's 
masterpiece; 118. Fyt, .Still-life; 395. Flemish School of the 16th cent.. Por- 
trait; 412. Flemish School, St. Julian. — 150. Abr. Janssens, Woman refusing 
to sacrifice to idols ; 358. Wildens, Return from the hunt ; 234. J. van Oost 
the Elder, Card-players; 156. /. Jordaens, Adoration of the Magi; 319. 
Teniere the Elder, Temptation of St. Antony; 289. Rubens, Marriage of the 
Virgin; Teniers the Younger, 920. Villagers, 023. Mandolin-player; 290. 
Rubene, Reconciliation of Jacob and Esau; 258. E. Quelling), Holy Family; 
37. ''Vehrei'' Brueghel with Van Hoeck or Rubens, The Holy Women at the 
Tomb (after Rubens); 260. Er. Quiellin, St. Helena discovering the true 
Cross; 327. Tilburg, Topers; 138. Van Belmont, Toper; 34. Brueghel the 
Elder, Fires of St. John; 356. M. de Vos, Portrait; 331. Van Thulden, Caritas 
Bomana; 803. E. de Witte, Samuel presenting the captive king of the Amale- 
kites to Saul ; 126. Van Ooy&n, Landscape. — 285. Salvator Rosa, Cavalry 
skirmish: 133. School of Giotto, Madonn;i and Child; 277. Ribera, St. Peter; 
10. €Kor9ume, Monk; 336. Titian, Raphael and his master Perugino; 43. 
(XgoU, JaditA and Holofernes. — Sculptures : 1. Allouard, Remember (cast) ; 
14. Ckatmmete, Repentant Magdalen; 84. Houssin, Phaeton (cast); 39. Ri- 
etpom, Betum of the Prodigal Son (high relief). 

On the first floor are an Extra Boom foT ipat\T\\.\w^% lot ^V^Otv'OsvB^^ 

86 Boaltll. ST. AHAND, 

te no room downslalie, and tlie iUunfcipni Lfirary, with, upvudt ol 
30,000 voIb. and 70 MSS. (adm, daUy, exoept S»t., 10-1 and 6-10. on 
Son. 10-13). 

The Rue dee Vienx-KempartE leads from the Place dn ThCttn 
tunatds Halo-les-Baiiis (see ^elow), aud near tlie PeUte Oiaptilt, > 
pilgrim-raeort, is oroased \iy the tramway (bbb below). 

' .y (p. »- - "■- - ' "—-'-■- - > 


■Tillage i 

2 f r. 80 

andy beuli and n 
menu (BatiumKa 



:, D. Ifr.f B.iela 

sea-bathtDi rmit 
e ara Iwo 6alUa| 

nck'i:p. nj, cioeae! 

). This 

tB M., railway In : 
and Bkirta the duns 

hr. (tu« 


Bnllway from Dunkirk to Oravrlina nnd CiihU, see p. 0, 

11 . From Donai (Faria) and ValencienneB to Lille and 

I. From Doufti to Lille. 

aO M. BiitwiY fji i/i-H/t bt- (f»™ 3 ft. 8B, 2 fr. '^5, 1 ft. 00 a.]. 

Dovai, see p. T4. — The line, mnning to the N., crosses the 
Vunal de la Scarpe. — Beyond (l^/, M.) Pant-de-la-Dcau, whence 
1] can ch -lines run to OicbieE (p. 87) and to Pont-a-Marcq (p. 78), 
important ooal-mines are passed and the CanaldeiaDe<llew croaled. 
4'/> M. Ltforest. Farther on, to the left, a hranoh dlyBrges to Lens 
(p. 18). From (6 M,) Liiercourl a btani^h-UnB rona to Lens (p. 18), 
either direct or via [3 M.) Carvin (p. 18). Passenfera for UUa 
sometimes i:bange carriages berp. — From (13 M.) Beolin (H6t. iti 
VoyageuTt), an industrial town with 6245 inbab., branch-linea run 
to (97a M.) Temp/nioe {p. 87) and to (8 M.) Don-So ins* in (p. 97). 
— 151/jM. Wattignits, iiot to ha confounded witli Waltlgniea-li- 
Vifiioire (p. 107). — 20 M. Uilt, see p. 88. 

II. From TalenoienneB to Lille. 

W<h ■■ BiiLW'i in i'l-i'l, lirn. (t&rea b fi. 10, 3 fr. tiS, S fr. SO ej. 

VaUncUnnca, eee p. 79. I'he line runs at first in the d^M- 

lion or the Dousi and Paris railway, but soon diverges to the ligtili 

traversing the forests of Haismes (p. 79 1 and SL Amand , and the 

coal-field of Vitoigne. 3Va M. Bmi'Tagti; ^'fiH. Bmsma-VicoigM. 

71/2 M. Bt. Amand (Moaton Blane), a town with 13,033 inhtb., 

situated </j M. to the N. of the Btation, at the confluence of tiM 

Searpt and tbt Etnon, originally gtew U19 ^Toviud t.u abbey ronndad 

in Ibe 7tb Pent, by St. Amand. ?*oi\»\h& no'* wmWmnA'Oasi^Bl, 

eifBp( Its iV/aZ with two octagonal ^a-AUoM^VW.Vi'S^-' 

^"oTcrsteJ with the H6tBl da "VUte, s,«4 i,\i« Fiv,u,4« of 

'" latter, a bold conelniction, coas\st\us ot iW 

OROHIES. 72. Route. 87 

rets, was designed by Nic. du Bois, who was abbot of St Amand in 
1621-73. The tower contains a peal of bells, and commands a fine 
Yiew. The Dwelling of the Beceveur de l^Abbaye, Rue de Toumai 31, 
should also be visited. — Steam-tramway to Yalendennes (p. 79). 

About 2 M. to the S.E. OA i^'< from Fontaine-Bouillon ; see below) are 
the Batht of St. Amand (Hdtel de VEtablissement^ pens. 6-12 fr.), with sul- 
phurous water and mud baths, effleacioas in cases of rheumatism and 
diseases of the joints (mud-bath 3, sulphur bath 3 fr.) subscription for 
drinking the waters 6 fr.). Though known to the Bomans, these mineral 
springs were entirely neglected in the middle ages and until the latter half 
of the 17fh century. From the baths a park stretches to the Forests of 
Bt, Amand and Rtxiimes (p. 79). 

A branch • railway runs from St. Amand to (14 M.) Blanc- Msseron 
(p. 82), via (3 M.) Fontaine-Bouillon^ ^/a H. from the Baths of St. Amand 
(see aboye), and (8V2M.) Fresnes^ also a station on the line to P^ruwelz (p. 78). 

Another branch-railway runs to (2073 M.) Bellemmet (p. JK7) via Cysoing 
(see below), Bouvines, and SaingMn-en-Afilantois (see below). 

From St. Ahand to Toubnai, 16 M., railway in 50 min. (fares 2 fr. 45, 
1 fr. 70, 1 tr. 16 c). — 6 M. Maulde-Mortagne is the frontier-station. To 
the right is the fort of Maulde. The train crosses the site of the camp 
where Dumouriez imprisoned the messengers of the Convention sent to 
arrest him in 1793, and whence he and the Due d''Orl^ans went over to 
the enemy. — T^/t M. BUhaHe* is the first Belgian station. 12 M. Antoing^ 
with an old Gothic chateau. — 16 M. Toumai^ see p. 97. 

The district of La Fevlle (Tabula'), which we now traverse, is 
one of the most fertile in the Departement du Nord. — 11 M. EosuU^ 
to the left of which is the Chdteau duLoir, dating from the 16th 
century. 13^/2 M. Landas. 

At (I672 M.) Orchies (H6t. de la Gare), a commercial and 
manufacturing town with 4137 inhab., we join the railway from 
Douai to Tournai (p. 78). Branch to Somain, see p. 79. 

Another branch, I8V2M. long, leads to Tourcoing (p. 88), passing Cpsoing^ 
(7% If .) Bouvines, celebrated for the victory gained there by Philip Augustus 
over the Emperor Otho IV. in 1214, (12 M.) Ascq, also a station on the 
line from Lille to Tournai (p. 97), Lannoy, an ancient but decayed industrial 
town, and Rotibaix- Wattrelos (see below and p. 88). 

18^2 M. Nomain, About 31/2 M. to the left lies Mons-en-PevHe 
(p. 78). — 20 V2 M. Templeuve. 23 M. FrStin, to the right of which 
is the fort of Sainghin^en-MSlantoia (see above). — We soon join 
the line firom Douai (p. 86). — 291/2 M. Lille (see p. 88). 

ni. From Lille to Courtrai. 

I9V2 M. Railway in 1-2 hrs. (fares 2 fr. 90, 2 fr. 10, 1 fr. 35 c). — 
To Oetend, 54'/« M., in 2V«-3V« !»"• (about 8, 6, and 4 fr.). — From Paris to 
Ostmd by this route, 203 M., in 7-12 hra. (36 fr. 70, 24 fr. 70, 16 fr. 26 c.) { via 
Maubeuge and Brussels (R. 16). 246 M., in 9-14V4 lirs. (41 fr. 65, 29 fr. 35, 
19 fr. 40 eO* — Besides the ordinary trains on this line there are ^Trains- 
Tramwmys*, with a limited number of seats and carrying no luggage, which 
ply to a number of places between Lille and Tourcoing: e.g, Fivet- 
Bt-Manrite^ Pont-du-JAon-d^Or ^ Rougebar re-la- FilaUirey Wasquehal; Croix- 
Wat^uthai. rAllumette^ Pont-des-Arts ; Roubaix^ BouUvard-d^ Halluin ^ La 
2*«M^ and Tawreoing. — Tramway from Lille to Roubaix^ see p. 89. 

Beyond the fortifications of Lille the line to Oourtt^x ros\a» ^^ 
towards Uie N.E. and crosses the Canal de Roubalx, — ^"^VO^ 


88 Bovtt 11. 

Oralx - Waaqaehal. In the diat&ni's 
factory-ehimney in France (3^6 f'O 

6 M. Bonbaix, — Hotsii. Fueiri 

la M^rie; hb F«»buk, — - - — 

— Cmlii. I'/t fr. per driye, l=/i or !•/, h. ner hour. — Tni_ ,_, _ 

Wa'trtlH (lee I>6]»k). — IF. B. Oemmercul Afent, f<. S. i»«<>U. £^- 

SouAuJi 1« an impoitint m an q facto ring town, the popalstloii gf 
wMcb rose during the 19th century from 8000 to 121,660. hit 
coDnecled with the Sulieldt and the lower DeCile by meani of ( 
canal. The EcoU Rationale da Arti Indaitrielt U a lin"! of in- 
daitiial iintterslty, with classes for a great variety of Indnstr^al, 
artistic, and technical xubjecta. 

7 M. Tonreoing IHSM dn Cygne; de ta Bonne), anotbar busy 
[uanufacturing town with 73,350 Inhab., practically forms put of 
lloubaix. A monutnent commemorates tbe dereot of the English 
and Anatrians here by Jourdan and Moreau in 1794. 

Itonbidi ud Ta»rcDing form tha ceDlie of one of the bufleit IndagtH- 
si dlitrlcit In Fruce, l£i popnJatlon of whicli hu iDsreaied foBTfold 
dariBE tbe paal half-eenloiy. They are adjoined by numerous nipnlOVI 

commiuiBa, which are Ihemseli- '- " "- ' "- ■" - '^— 

and Vattrilc; auburha of R 
17,000 Inh alii lanta. Tbettaplaio 

nresenling tonr-Kftha of the en 
])ej in Ihe Heart of French Fla 
iDhamtauls have inanj pqjbIb I 
Flemiah tyue — a combination I 
Beuiae no apetW advanlagf a li 
nonrialilne In Fraoce, 

There ta bd SnftUh C»KrcA, 
Rib. Charlt4 Fmiltmri serviuea 
Ckurth at BaDbaii (Bne dea Ai 

From Touicolng a hrucb-r 
line from Omliiea. — 3 K. Tor 
d'Or), with la,1?0 Inbab. ibe li 

Beyond Tonrcoing tbe frontier is crasaed, 13 M. Motiienm 
iBuffetl, with the Belgian custom -home. — ISi/g M. CowrtMri 
(Lion d'Or; Damier; Hoyal; Midil, and thence to Bngel and Otitmd, 
see Baedeker' iBelgium and Hallanii. 

12. LiUe. 

Halela. HiliEt. or. l-Ed»dpi (PL »( E, 3J, Rue BaBse 80-83, R., U., t 
A. B-T'/!, B. i'h, d^j. S'/i, n-. inH. wine, il,j, omn. 'fe-1 fr.; ue fiMM* 
fPI. b| t- 8), Sue EBUoennoiBeni de Flisdrb .t i.'ABOLETaiiBB (Plei 
F. 3). Plat^ de la Oarei Qbasd HoTti. i.K 1..1.LB <?]. ei F. a>, MaMUa 
[Pi, S, F, 8), CESia*!. (PI. hi F, S), all in (he Rue Foidberhe (Hm^ W 
:>. and 26)) Hht. Dg li Pill (PI. t: F, »), Kue deFiTl* WxSiaoB D<i:tem.J| 
F. 8), FDce du Tbiltie afi-?8i HfiT, Dia Com.a»uiKe\. v.'«.ViOa** 
B^lhune 13^ IraTBOPotE (PI. kliWunl-sSE (P\.\-,T,Vl,V>*>^«>*i.>lh*iKN 
aSr. DE PAKn. Pinee da la Oawi H^T. oi\.^ m «■ "Sm 


thua (h-M 





iOJna and 


\s olbw ' 



Tbe difllilet 

N. f™ 

an°d 1^"^' 




rnon both wllh Ih 

nab ^ Ibi 



ed sne 


er.) inlo 

Df Iba moat 


e Croix, on 

d (cbaplaU, 

at JO 
Is; le 

and S), and 
YiM >( 11) 

Bl(u a 


h W«U.I«M 

ruBB lo (B M.) Jft.. 

n, c 



T-ft M 


•in (Pnmnie 
-1, »^elBi»n 

.t Fr? 


W I \\ m 


4 '*f'«5«» A. 




13. Routt. 89 


fli. i.t L„.B (PI. d s F, i), hiUl-gsrdi, Hue du 



— H8- 


nlar th 

e theatre 1 BtoDir, 

Oue i 

uVieai-Bnebii-inii-PDnlett I61 elio in ms; 

> boleK and e>fe>: 

lost rerun, wilb beer, onj- be obtained in 

jtthe fioaimfKU; 

t ^°Bt la T<mi<-if»-Volla«, IV. fr., »l 'ha co, 

tbG Hue Nic<il>9- 


37, both near Ibe Palnie 


lUa. Orofiii Otfi, see nboveidii Orsmd i 

)f«u, both id the 


aidbeilie) BHImm d, la fatx, in Ibe Giandi 
loinBT of tbeBvs NnliDK&le and tbe Banlevm 

DetaH, dm £<mU. 



Libertrii du Ojnte 

K W. end iif He Boul. da 1» LiberW ; di 

r da Bsaax-ArU, 


de li B^publlqiie. — Taiave ie Slrafiatiri/, 


) Place) SroMiP'fe 


■ande PI 

.bi : ptr arf.a IV. fr., per hr. 1=/, (r., at-b 1 

^rhr. IVi fr.i at 

-,igM'(ia-Bj. SI/., a,or»/.(i. 


■unwiyi. BiglileeB Jlne. dl.crge from lie 

e P1.M. Cmnp. Ibe Doneied plan. There 

■„ dssses on lb a 

uriTbicb the r>re 

to 16. 

[°d iS*cr'r«ft"flr«'t, B, 10,"or'l5o"'fo; 6° 

.cb add; 

U fp, ST) In I hr. (fere, ft or BO e., relorn- 

Grande Pl&ce lu 

ticket 1 

fr. 01 «) c). 

lit wai TBlegnph Offlcg [PI. E, B), Vlaee 

de la BdpubUqna. Tele- , 

trei r=K*M. (PI. 


Bne Jean Holjlo 4. - Hipptirime (PI. E, F, 
>tba. At Ihe Groad JJOttl (lee p. SB); Bait 

6), Rue 
>l UlMl 

. Nitolos-LeWanu. 

1, BotU. de la Li 

neaf Iho Porte de Parle; BMm de PArim 

ml, PlB 

£t de rAneoal) 


dt^l-Eur^y,, at the llfltel de {1 fr. 

wiJiV Ba'h. (2ua< 

iKliili Obsrcb [CltHtl ChuTch! PL F, 6], : 


ag and the Bool, de U Liberia; (ervl™ a 

I 11 and 

1 e-M. Chaplain, 



X. J.. Biie Jeu 

Lille, originally L'lile, Flem. Byietl, lbs cliief town of tlie 
l'*re[icb Depurlemftil dii Word, with '216,'276 inhab., Was formetly 
rapitsl of Frenr.b FlandBrg. It is a fortress of the first elaes, with a 
dtadei said to be Yauban's uiaslerplei^e, and is situated in a wsil 
irrigated and ferdie plain on tb« Defile, a uuvigable tivar nrith wbicb 
numerouB canals ara (Connected. In 18f>l lb« population nnmbeted 
Tfi.OOO Eouls, but since the en-tenelon of the foitiBcations in 1858 
numerous handsome streetiand squares have sprung up, partictiiarly 
on tha S. side of the town, hi the right of tho station. The chorch of 
St. Maurii'6 (p. 96) is almost the only building of importance that 
liae aurtited the many wars of the middle ages; but the modern 
town is handsome and attractive, and tho Musia (p. 91) alone rapiya 
a visit lo Lille. Lille is a very important manufacturing plflce. lie 
staple RommodltiBS are linen and woollen goods, cotton, cloth, 'Z.ille 
thread", machinery, oil, augar, and chemicals. 

Ltlle is iald to have been founded before the middle of llie 11th eeot., 
bj Count Baldwin IV. 11 was coded by Tharlcs V. to Louis fle Mole in 
lies, and pained h; inheritance to the ia\es of BargunA^, ol '»'Uoii> Qi^i,., 
Philip iba UBod. aide H Lis reifdence. In the eouiBe oE l.tie tomv! -fint 
ilittdiiirKlaS itSe part of E.irope, Lille was hcli iraMLeWV'J6\'! ^-1 llB* 

U^Hu^ w ■iT'' Of nuccBSsioB Lille was beH\<i«B4 *■) tti6 "%>»»■, 
MMBmrA, aorf iboush ihe. Fi-euoli array wns stroiTsei ^^iS" «-tJ. "^ 




AlKea, llie town wu comp^Ilod to BurrenrlFr In ITOS stter m gillul fe- 
iieUDcB. The liMlyofXltrEchi, howeier, in 1713, flmlly iBooinorsteiUIlt 

at Ibe oatbrenk of tie RBVolulionary wsrs in 1792, bnt "in TiJni Lllie. 
often bnrninB is quBncUed sgiin; Lille will noi yield. The yarr bDju 
lioftl; Brenoli Iho molches out of fallen hnmlu!. . . MomorabJo alio be Ihil 

of it, inlroduCBd Boap Knd lilher into il, crylne, 'Votli mo» plal i iartr, 
Vj new slBYing-diBb!' ind ahaied 'tonrleen people" on Ihe tpot . . . Th« 

Mercter several yenrt iflerwerdi, 'but ihsTei himielf onl of Uw iptlaUr 
uf k Mile bomb'- (Oartyle). - eeneril F.ldlierbo (ISlB^i wm ■ aMn 
of Lille. 

From the Etatioii the hamlsDma Bue Faidhsrhe leads Etcitgbt 
tp the Orand ThiSlre (PI. F, 3), wbflnce the Rue da MoanMn 
runs to the left lo the Orande Place, the cenlro of the old town. 

Tha Bouiae (Fl. F, 3], & biick and etoiie edifice, with ihopi in 
the grouniinoor, was be^uu under the Spanish dominion In 1K2- 
The court (apply to the ooiioiergoif closed) is sntrounded bysTMlad 
Ijalleries and conlsina a bronie Etstne of NapoUon J. by LemiiTC 
(1854). Tho Column in the centre of the Plaee commemoratu Oa 
gallant defence of tho town agaiiiEt the Anstrtane in 1792. On a« 
tide of the Place nai-t theBue desM&nneliers rlesB the Grimd' Qarik, 
built in 1T17, and now occupied by the military staff. 

TlioH4teiaeTUle(PI. F, 4), erected in 1847-59 In theRenrii- 
saiice llyle, occnpies the site of a palice of the dukes of BoiguDdy. 
The fa^de ia adorned with two BymhoUcal figures by Bra, tepcMMt- 
Ing Industry and Art. The H6tel de Ville cfintsina the BIblio&lfat 
Communale (nearly 100,000 vols,; open on wceli-dayE 9-10, fillR. 
9-1] and a Miafe fif 'Engraeingi ani. Copie.t (open Sun., Ved., t 
Frid., 10-4). 

Keturning to the Grande Place, «e follow the fiue Nallimdl 
(PI. E, 0, 4, 5), to the left, (0 visit the new town. Beyond the ^oMt 
or St. Stephin (1696) and the miitary Hoipitot (1605), onee !»■ 
gpectively a chapel and a (lollege of the Jesnits, the Hue Nationall 
intersects the Buulevajd de la Liberty (see below) and leads U tbs 
Plaee de Slradourg (Pi. D, E, 4), in which is a Monut?Mne la A, 
TtsUtin, prefect of the D4p. 3a Nord and organizer of the Dattontl 
defence in the N. ot France in 1870-71. 

The hundsome Boulevard de ta Liberie (PI. D, E, F, 4, S), wMek 
forms the boundary between the old town and the new quarlen botlt 
in the Parisian style, beflna at the Eaplanade (p. 96) on the M.W., 
and leads to the S.E. to the extensive Place dtlaRepubUiM (PI. E, Si 
In which rises an EijKalriiin Slatae of Gentriil Faidhtrhe (see abo<re), 
by Herein. To the N.W. of the Place risca th? spacious Prffedwe 
(PI E. 4, 61, dating from 1866-70, to the W., the Hotel da Poat$, 
iipd to the 8.E., the Paluli dts Bfoui-ArlB, neai i^iiea^ Wift tVMUAH 

The Pxlaia das Be»ui-A.tU(P\.Y,i)^,».tiU\V\i\«,4 

t>y Htfrard si.,1 Deloias, «aj opein-'A i« ^^'^ ^ ™"* 


^^tttail dts 8cauj:-Art'. LILLE, I;>. EaKOr'^f^ 

nbout one-lmlf of the origEn^il plan. The *CoIlectianf nliicii It eon' 
uLiis are smoDg Ibe moat importsnt iu Fraiiue, the pictuie-gsllaiy 
being GBpedsUy rinh in e^iamples of ttie Flsmieh ondDntch schools. 
The other ouUcctlons Include driwings, Eculpture, atitiqutttes, and 
maeeuma of stbnogiaphy and induatrlol and decorative ait. Tbe 
colleoCiotiii are open to the puhlio daily from 10 to 4 or 5 (I^at. 2-4 
ot 6). Entrance on the left. - — The present arrangeraojit ia liable 
to alteiatlans, 

Priscipii. Gallebt, Deit the fsj^e; aiinl;tar». At Ibe entrnnco, 
Hodfl of the Derense of 9>. Qnaotin, by Barriai. To tbe rigtil, in Iba 
I'cotre! OIltitigH; BuU; Leroiix, Flower-girlj Hiievmin, Helm; A. J.AUar, 
Rvei J. BatuoH, Sueaana st ^he batta) Fiufiru da Porti. Onat-lierii; fVil- 
micl, Knlgbl errant (caKt). _ Opposlla the nindows, u we return: Fota- 
litr, Spanacns; n. Kolond, De&th of Cato of rtjca; Idrat, Oapid iUag-, 

Amphltrile. — The Shall 'Gillibt, parallel v 
concaina small Aitttqiiiliii! viseg, ■ciilpturer -'-- 

LSFT GiiLiM, facing lbs entrance: . ._, 

lion;. — Id Bat: Medlffiral nculplim. fouti, veU-beade, Upeatry. — 'no 
Boy.- Belieiout Hcnlplnies and BmaU broniea of tbe U-15lb cenl., cburcli 

Works uf Ibe Ifl-ntli cen^riea. To lie rigbi Caae i: Catvsd 'lyoryi 

wood-canioga, cntleiy; Case 1: Inlaid iroad, eaikel^; Caae 5: Alabaatec 
reliefs, cloeka, fobleti, reliquaries, spoons, wax mcdBinoni, etc.; Oaae B: 
Brooiea, objecla In motlier-of-pearl, with Incisid deaigna In black. — 
To lbs leR, aa -na lelnm: Carvingi and fDraitnre, Qerman altai^plai^B 
(IBTb cent.){ glasB'Case vitli amall carrioEB, ffalchea, curls ntdea, etc.) 
wooden balutradei Rac tapestry ISslber and AbasaeruBl; glaal-case witli 
large miniatures; glaga-ease wltb carcinga, wurkBinlron, and miaaeUBnenui 
small irfldea In metal, Bealde IbewindowBr fDmitare, bai-rella&, charcli 
ornanienW, etc. — ilh Bay (171b A 18th cent,]. Caaa 1 (to tbe ri:bt) ; Weapons, 
eoltraved enpper plaque, mlnlatorea, anuff-boiea, bonbonni^resi Caae l?t 
Bi«>nller in copper) keys of tke town; reliquary made of rolla of gilt 
paper; Oermnn pewter (oiinlain; largemiFioscope-, bs^ipea. Then Hne 
cabinEit, baDgln^s, lapeatry. By tbe window: Lace m&de il Lille. — sih 
Ban. Fumllure; book-btudlngs; tombstonea, Ahnre the duor is an oaken 

ItuitniDA TO THi LF-FT, Five tapcBtrles and Conr gla^a-cases wllb ancietit 
weapons, teitilea, lejlments, boiks, etc. At tbs end, Vinaigrelte. — Ta*»B- 
VKBsa Gallebi. Imnnrtant Ccramit Caltictiiin. — BOTunoi to tkeiiout: 

^OHT Qalleri: EDmogriphioMl ColuOIOH lltiHit Unilltl). AIbk, at (lie 
wlBdowi, Coins and ifidoli. 

At llie end 1b a slalrcnse, embellished with a bronie bust of Napoleon I., 
bi Otaudil. ICAdinr tn tbe Brnl flniir. — Tbe stair raBe beside tbe main eo- 
aacrbanle. by Dai-iq, aacenda to 

c Pavlllr>n Lolcuj (p. 93). 

FinsT Fluub. 
■Fiituce OaUery (Jfui^e da PilnHm). Tbe painliugi in eaeti run 

^— d from riiht to left. — Rigkt Wing, — Bjjqk USaifiS 

a J\ ill Cimfict. CMM eiposed on the malei to tanaia^a 
ualberf iOB. Jfirsea, VIsfoD. — ae&. OuillinLnut, kiB:a «>» 
• "eimftBdneaaar; \U. Oonanirrt. aB.mBoo mi 'OeWo 

"Uds to Ibe Oalerie dea PritnUito (b , SW mi4 i™B\e^«* 
'-f. fth -dSa. /.™/ft,"8;„"ut OS tta ^««r. -^^I^ 
"ft liilB man, but Barabhaa V ■, 31ft, Sift. HosT^lw^ 





92 RouU IS. LILLE, Palaii dtt BtaitJC-AfI*. 

l.uJiupci; 2fiA, Ditre^li, Uuod on the b«(plpei tOO. Batctirl, atimu* 
In LsplMfl. — ■«). ^m Wu.'ql, BIrlh ..f VcniU) B88, WwH, 8t, FrweU 
of Aialai. — US, Lamtir, S«-pI«ee; 111. II. ^'jM)". Prim and AiAlUM. 
Booh II, AAn, Kulna, — 3M, fwiir, EDiuniliiociiti l.Atoc*; FornHti 
•772, jyti»m, Fgreil i>( FonUineblelu ^ Uarolui-iliMB lb. at UUt). If. 
Amuinntcd, IH. Sleepia^ min, IM, IB3. Ed. B^^nut, 103, Ladv uid dn;; 
no namber, E. Breln, Undsrapi; B1. Bengal, Adun ud Eve UndiD^ Ikt 
hbdv of Abeli oa nnmber, Comfiu-JJtirfH, Em. de GIrudin. — •GOIX Mtr- 
.o», 'Le Loup dAgubbio-, Ilia wolf tonvBftBd by HI. Fnncit of Afsili tu 

" "■■ ■■" "" \ Bt. VIWMIt 


amy. The OiK; 313. Framau, Surad ^niiet DU. Jf>jtfi 
s ByioD'i Don Juu)-, Si9. Sori t LucttnUi, Touna womeni lis. 
M«, Jouu tbe Had. — -233. e. Dtl^a-<*t, Hedea. — IBl. Cont. AnUau 
•al; 13&. Cobaul, H^mph csrrii'd oS by a faun; Ml. A. d, jVmMUi 
U(Criinea)i*m./.Br«iii.,EfectlneaMontdeCa[paf- ""■ ~- ■ ■■ 

■ -n 760. Ti ----- 

m.. Haiti 
■ ■'£7. BoH^, FnniBbmifiit of an eniog Teilal. 
KODii II. 1066. PrmcA satool (l»lh €aU.}. Doe* ud bu-e^ -^a. b, 
JJoofd, BelUariusi BBS, Ornu*. Pjycbe ctowntng Cupid; 973. nnimm 
ArUit (ISlh cml.J, Old womani GS'l Xaltltr, Sc^ne Galante- — 310. O. Ar- 
ria, Ghnuaoi ; 13. Axnaui, :iubD the Baptist before Bei-i , Su. SawM, 
AlBMiaB icena. — 715. A. Sei^a; The deal put iwitOj. 

BauH V (5. IT. Paiiiion). — ^Duifaiid nwifDu Waihau. whaae wariu 
oeoM ID often in Ibii pootn, were tbe nepbew and (raad-nepliew of ttl 
calebntted Aalolne Wallmu of Val eociennei ; their works are far inferln 

sMclmBi- — 523, Sll. iinmoytr, Flnnerii dU. Fr. Waaiav, Papular ful- 
:... .. ...,. ;- .l«)g £ WattMH, B71- view of LillB. B7S. Fcderatloii »l 

eei. F<ite at tbe Cot-itf" In Lille, 866. CaTalry iklnaiA, 
, 873, Feast of St. Nicolai, hli. File io 1193 \o micmm 
: u< tbe nece of LIU«, 869, BTO. Battles of Alexudar, Bft 
■Braderie\ or uld eb.tbM fair at Lilie, SflS. F^te du Broiiuelei : 7T8. T». 
FoilfMi {1623-77 i of Lille}, Porir&ita; 67. B<dl!i, Triumph of Xarsl. 
Above ii a teriei of Une reli^loiu palaliaBs by ^<n, it Fuel (lU"" 
"r ITSm, broosbl ftom chiircbes in Liile. — SflO. Wmnpt (of UIIb), 
DttDtDf Sulomnn. 

OaLum VuwHtH. 665. Salwalar Beia, Landseapc) B. F«iufa (DuaMt. 
set (f), 278. LnndacapPSj m, C. MaraOa. Dedication of a temple of neaet; 
U1. Lan/raticl'i, St. Ornforji 95S. Onrriei/ii! iBieoature douliifiiJ), Sea 01 
the Fligll into Egypn TW. A. dtl Sarin, Madonnai iiee w.jrk of IhB JIal- 
iaa SclHua (uacatalonied) i 9. CaraaafiO, Si. Jobn; 31. CanattUe. Fiavl 
dl S, Marco-, tOa. UitlmeKa ArtUt (leili mit.i, Forlnitt S5i. natsr^ 
Paradise (ak'-leb); 170. daaanitt, ]>Bath of Sachel) P. Fip'oofn, 139. 8>- 
tomhmBnt, 140, BIoquBDce. -138. Martyrdom of Mt, Qeorge^ -Ul. ScIeaMi 
J.. BaMMmo, 610, Portrait. BOB. Cbrlal Bipellint tbe mane;- i:baTi gen i IMfe- 
mio, aa. VeoBllaD lenator, 6GS. Martyrdom Df St. Slepbent J. Baimit, 
607. Interior, 606 (briber on), Weddiagi 6(6. meeL, Last Supper; DH, 
ffitnoun Artitl CISIh eenl.). Infant Hosea Irampling on tbe cfowii OtlW 
Pharaolui 717, SeUimxH B Iher and Abaguemsj DsmmtMtHi, Sifl. A. 
StephBD aT>d Hlccolo da Tolentinu, 911. Victorious Gupid, 912. bionMli 
fftS, (Mia Scnim, SI aeliBstian; 636, O. Rnl, Blhyl; 1093. UiOucm 
Arliii tlSli etui.), Deioenl from Ibe CrDMi 768. Ttarini, BiDalda aod A^ 
mida. — 738, Epada, Cbaaliiy of.lOBSpIJi 258, iiona*>, Bcoupgina nf OtariM, 
— Ml. PmUija dl la Crui, Andidnlte Malbiaj; 6U, Sifern. St. ,ier"me; X- 
PimMiin, 618 (copf), Venna md Heronry, 616 (larlber i>n|, Tima (reeiif 
Truth from Envy and Diacnrd (skelcbj; U 470 and anither. Inleri»»-. 
90i, Vigioa Ml KldiT, AdOTBtion of tbe Uaei) un number, Sclinoi a/ Pti0- 
<ir>, HoaBS saved from the Nile; Jtan dt Bnvlhmgn' (l^ ValnUin), 92. Mock- 
iQi of Chrial, 93, Soldiers cutine lols l»r tbe venture of Cbrlat; STB. »- 

Inffun ArSil (Illlt ami.), Lut flupper! 1G'<. Lrlrva, Herculu ind Cuup; 
irj^iurd, G13. H&donna, Ml. Fonune; 461. l-arg'tUIre, Jean Forut, tbn 
Undiupe-psinlert 4CH. ti»fwi(°), VaubuD; 306. A. Carpii^ Athalide mil 
BDiKBe (rrom Baclne'I ''). 

Lsft Ving. — Boon I fS, S. FtmflioH). 966. iSiin. fiiAvii, UndKBpe; 
UnlHumn ArHil r"tt frsU,;, 960. Luodscmpe. 1016. Partnlt of a gobnlu*, 
013. Mitird^jr, Hai^rdom if St. Peler of Verooai 393. fan dtf ^elff, 
Veniut B<9. Mulmair. Cirnlvil Bcese. — VonBloemn, G9,B8 (fkrUiFr on), 
Viewa or Kome, B7. Pllgbt loM Egvpl; 309. FIrmallt, Episode in ^e llFe 
uf St. LambBrt ; °B97. Fiaiatta, Assumptian ; 108. BnlitliiikamB, The inien- 
(orj: VKS, Vm der Fail. KiMlicn, 639. AiH. Mori, PorUalt. — S64. Vaa 
Guvtn, Skateri! BB7. fTcMiTMll, FamUf mta]; fiSa. 7i. w OKmb, Bkalen. 

— 106, lOG (forlfaor on}, Van Briiael, P^Ui al Antwaip. — SOS. Ac mtU, 
Ctaiinb of Delft-. 107. P. van BndatU Market In Ital;. 

Room II. 93. f'nhsBn .JrMif fllOt raa.i, Portnll: 309. Pan Oo\fn, 
Landicape; 316. B. Cvyp, Portr^l: °^09. A. de Crasr., Xinaaloat draught 
"f 6«hea {frealr retuuched). — IBi. Ttnltn On Ekbr. Divei in hcU; 113. 
lit Coddi, CiiotersaUoiii 260. Vbn dm Zartftmi, Tribale-miioey j 768. 
SdiBol ef Timiiri lii TrUBtfr, Players at bimls; •Ml. J»< Craytr, Silvaior 
Mondli IBa. Di Oiampaigne, Anountialloa ; ")61. Tmitri lit Vo-m^ir. 
Temptation of 91. AdIod;, iSI. Van Dalm, Portico of a pElacei IBB. LU 
■«>( M< £hfer, Salome. — 760. Ptnltn (Ac EldiT, WlEcbea' SkbWhj 363. 
Tan flori, MelchiiOdecbbleMlnaAbrabami Dt CTompofaBB, -198. Holj fflght, 
164. Good Shepherd. — 741. Smb, FldrllEri 438. B. KohCi*, Portrain IK. 
flifco-fcAli, Landicape; 796. Vanlajh. Intorlori 679. 0«™i«t, BltoUing 
iBiisiuisn; 31B. Fnmdim- A prior; 713, Suat, Dutch mnildian! flrotm- 
F-uryA, ne. Herry meal, 97 (Otrthec on), After the weddingt 724. Siterieha, 
Fi>rd: 4S4. Liami llu EUtr. Head of an old min. — TSi. B^lff, Portrait; 
•086. Joe. ran Rnlidarl, LandB^ape; 739. Va-ipronli, Fortrsll; 572. t^aa 0«l 

BuuH dl. -637." £r. CtifIMn and Jdr.'rm Uli-telil. Obrisl at Betbaoy; 

Fan Afot, -QSl. Miracle of Si. Anton; of Padua (a buoery mule knedi 
hefurB tbB Moil, uerlectlDg Ibe oats placed near him), 3%. Portrait; B76. 

rail OMf lit XMn-.Pijrtrall: 293. rcmDsct, Hadonnai "eTa. StOau, Death 
of Marr Magdalen; fl5. Jorilani, HontHnan nitfa do;; 698. RytIiutI, Glam- 
MllHi DC (Vatir, *308. Tha 'Qualtro Coronatl' (four early martyn), 310. 
Tbe loii of TobisB und Ibe bdkIi -389. Tan Btct, Marls de HedlcU; 434. 
/ordoou, Sununaandtlieelden; -386. Van Dfet, CruclBiilDn; -753. runieri 
l»e roxivr, BoheiDlaiis; 391. Vm DsctCI), Ooronaticin of the Ylrglni Jor- 
datnt. 436. Isaac Meistng Jacob. '431. Tlic Ttmptatioo ; Rvbnii, 614. Bl. 
BoDaTentiira, 616 (tanber on}, St. Pran.m Id ecglasf, '673. gt. FrSQciq aod 
the Vlr«iDi 416. Jrrdaoii, Cbrlst and (he FhsriiiEcs; 60. Van BecHHonl, 
Martyrdoro of Bt. Mauri^^e; 414. A. JaiutfM, BepentanI Mugdalen; S3P. 
£. QudKti, Bolomon and Itae Queen i>f Bbeha; 493. /cWaiH>, Bein-feut. 

— XiilHtu, 677. ProYideniB, •671. Deseenl from the Crnja, 676. Abondanee. 

BuoM IV. 318. y. a. Garp. The famHri 104. flpomMr.l.untHiioBt B8E. 
/I. vnO'ladi, Bntlber; 161. Van Ceiilim IhiBldtr. Anna Maria von Sehur. 
■dbiid; 406. P. d* IloBgh, Untcb inlerlnri *638. Di Oiat. Dutch funilj; 
m. Bratatlmrgh, 'Bei'ne eslanke'i 373, ?r.a«li, Domealio wenoi Si. Btenm. 
Mmi^ui. — 811. C, dc Toj. Portrait, B6£, JV. Ifmdtdlit, 3. Kaud"(ftr, the 
malbBinaticia", and his too ; -91fi. Aufrii, Joditli ; 101. liothtm llu ynunfir. 
Charity; 691. .'. cm Rufdatl, 687. Jot. iim RufidaX, Landsopei. — 763. 
rnij« (A. Kninp"-, Bnslio interior: 133, Vtm Kaiil, Smell) 683. y«ffl We 
SIdtr, Chareta-interiOF; 111. CanpAuvMK, Hngtunen reslingi -S80, *B81 
(nirtber on), Fan d-rr Helil, Purtralls; *Br0. IT. JMt, Ellle Bohbe of Haar- 

lein, too. SiMlurH, rriamph orSileaiii) 803. P. Wimioa 
reatiuf; S16. ffl, Aninala; 134. KotOi/tt, Interior. — %4, DeT«>in,v«KV 
wape: 631, 630 fflirtficr on), Van SateiUin, Pprtra\t«i ■%». Zl«|\w, Cti^S 
xppcMrlng to Msrj Migdalm; 337. Van Gtcil, A PtWa ot Oraaffif-i, ^i- 
£ rtmMvmtui Laodiespe. 

^ ii aw. jr. rm^ct, Porlrolti 1?, 16. IT. Van ArlhM»,^-w* 


Pi4rt. Su-pltcei Airifiri, Duilih Aov, ''T>. Tiltorgk, VUlif* IMbtf. 

— •Wax SmI (leBinni«fl)( in Ibia, jot belnw, _ UO. j/atgnat, U- 
Dilral ",-;■ -■ uN'n't, '"' " — T "■■-"■■r'-"- '" "■ — -| r ii lirMi 
las. BiluKit -f TfUtrt the ><imtir, VilUfl ftMnl; TH. U^attrt, Cosi 

— - ■ i, Bokr-liual, — 187. i)* (imtoci, Frail •nd ■nlm^i, AM. gA 
■ •- ■ ■ ■ — — nh at yemtga, DomA 

Ou BIdrr, Interior u( Bni(u aOttAn) i 7611. TlHargk . 
Hcnat BM, Wmuri, PrameibBui b^iund. 

BruMUT (p. H). MkiiT a/ (be ptlnlingi birc 
Vm. lUKao alUF-pleeei appuiiiir, alUr-plue 
ffiftSDl, 883. HulT FifBllr, WU. 61. C>lbuln« of 

— ,-„ , . • triptycbi 

Killrtantr, Mfrtieil preui BTB, ran < 

(«-|Ur, CbvlEt V. — AM PuUiiUr. Jabn llie II»Uii prrkriiii 

/'nnoi HckMi, Sulriul IDbjeUi 31S. J'nue* Ikt entr, CharlL. . . „..„ 

inc IbB nxinuUe b>bil> m. FUmWt A'tool, Tirquia and l,u. ii^tii, 1(01- 

Pnrllga nr • PlBmiih Iriptithj Sl'J, 810 (hnbei on), Jl. d, I-... IA< SUf. 

PunnlUi 311. /VoHi: M< itunMr, Cbriil on Ihc mi bi Cali^iTi 311. 

i/aJWi. iUdoBui 9»». flmM ffetooJ. Cbriii Id lbs b'lUK u/ giioi'S lb 

PbuliHi fi3. /r. fflif K< Bit. FJietal tnta Egrpti 10%. /'Kwuit A1«J. 

itftpltun utCbiiil; 'JUA. Or. Iiarii. Madoiini, fll71. f^mWl .^ 

Calvarri lO^i. riernM SrAsnf, Tuunt muHul ciuple, oSih iliei 
MliiU, at ttaa gH« of tbg eiile*<iiil nliri 1000, Unicli porD ' — 
ttrk, Allsearr of ibo <iit*t\ 747. BfU ur Stutrtimi, fiiDit 
l(MS.I>BUb &rnu-»wirn lOOe-tOO). 8bull - - 

Ip IV Jc Bun; mi. aiAotl tfH. cm «rr >r<f^ 

i^runUlOB If IhB Virdn; UOS. ITuAlrmti 

OALun Wio>(. Tbfa rioin, panllel lo IJit pruodlng 

I* Lu'lalB 1762, d. m' Kqme''io''ia6*j, »nd 

Tba eailuUon, whlcb Indudei lUlfi (iiuplea cblctlT of tb 

ue« wl'tb the diW* of Itaclr bi'rtb. Ttae cuUidiu onenj ibe clu 

If rcqauWd. Bettd'i dnwlBg* by .Jurfrfa if(J0rirti,d»iMHl<<. f. 

AiHt^Mit OorraaL, Cemggle, Carle DtM, Doi»titleliliu>,Jliiiilttrrra 

tetmnu, Biatemt Framiia, OVrlimdaio, OttUt, Otrctma, OniJc 

Kmumt, Latanto da ruii, Matltipia, Uataccta, Parmlgfiaiii 

tlaMaU, TiaUrtlU}, 7tnmHi,t;ranaeli, Bulbtln, HOnr, Bad ma; oL 

Ui* eaUcdlDn Inoludet S bj TiUaH, 196 bj UUkBtl Anfilt <chl« 

lonl dHicBiJ, Bod n BBsrJbad tg kaphatl. Of lbe«« Ujl tbB be 

8104)' rot tbt 'Sehoul o( Albeni'i mj. Sladr ufd la Include i 

FMhtt bom tbe XacllBOB f(BM» is Iba Loavnt 7Ul. Cbriit ■ 

VKgiB, Bkilcbad bom Hmo uf bU fallow-pupUii 737. Catoi 

Xlebolu at TiilOBtloa. id eiiniille deaiKii for bd aliai-plcee on paneii w. 

llolfF(inU]>,aDlbabBcllorirliicbia an aulogrBptalEllar. Tiliaa'a dniiiW 

laelBdB tkelEbu Ua Ibi ptiDllngt of Si. Peter Daml^caB (HU) a«d tN 

Curntfo fBinll) eauB). — Tl>i> oJleeUon olio inclDdu a Cboxxu "HaU «* 

"■■"■■■■ BMfMit 

tba irBptry of Iba bu(l !• uf lerrBcotla. TU# oBique work (Icmpomili k 
ILe PaviliuB Ldgui, ife sbuve) war prabntlr ('luad In a tloaBa Mat- 
A fow antlqnlUri, lome i nimcli, aad a Icrruiolts bead h; UonaKlla an 
alio eiblbllcd berv. 

In tlieBoalevird de Is Llbectif, bDyoud thePalaU deg Bmui-JUD^ 
at tlia GOioer of Ihe Rue Walteau, i» (be £n(iH<'i Oiu •-—-*- 
p. 89], * Uitsf^l Gothic cdiBce wltb sUined-gUal w 

^^PHmb. LILLE. IS. Btmtt. 95 \ 

Ruede Vnlmy.beforii tli a church, leads lutlie S. to the I'larePkili 
U-Bon [PL E, 5, 6), in wliioh riEes a Monument to Ptatevr [1822- 
90), by A. GordhTiDlai, eTertedin 1896. At the end of the Place 1b { 
tbe cbntch o( SI. Michel (PI. E, B), in & modani Romanesque stylBi | 
«Uh an interior decorated with paintinga from the lita of tie S! ' 
The bailding to the left is tbe Pataia dc Facuttei (PI. F, 5), acc< 
Tiiodating the fnoulHes of medicine, law, anrl literature of the Utii- I 
VBrsily of Lille. Farther ou, to the rigbt, are the Imtitvt Indvilriel 
and the Jnltiful da Sclenea NalUTtlUt; to tbe left, the liomaneEque 
Protatant Cfiwrcft, the Vniiieriity Library, the Synagogue, etu. 

The Rne Jean-Birt leads E. past these modern buildings and 
joins tbe end ot tbe Boulevard de )a Libertis, opposite the Eeole Na- 
llonaU da Arti el Millers (PI. G, 5), & monumental edifice, complet- 
ed Iti 1898. Adjoining, in thEBoplBYird LodSs XIV, is the /nrtid- ' 
PaiUuT, reaemhllng that in Paris. 

The BoulevudPaptn, tunning to the N, before tbe Ecole, brings 
us te the Parte de Forie [PI. F, 6), formerly included in the old 
TartiflcationG. Thegate was built in 1685-95 in tbe form of a triumphal 
arch in coromemoriUon of the union of French Flanders with France. 
Tbe SCTlpturea were restored and the formerly plain inner fftjaila 
emIielUahed in 1890-9o. ___^_^ 

The Hut dt Parii [PI. F, 4, 5] leads hence, to the N., to tbe centre 
of the old town, passing close to St. Maurice {^see bcio") and neu 
tbe rsilw ay-station. To the E. from the Porto de Paris are the Square 
Iluanlt, with the old Hottl du Oinie, snd the old Hdpital of St. Sa- 
veuT (PI. 0, 6). Near tbe liller are tbe ruins of the chnieh of 
St. Sauyenr, burned in 1896, and the Nohu Tour, a keep of tht! 
15th cent,, iujared by the same lire. 

The church of 'St. Maurice (PL P, 1), to which the Kue St. Sau- 
teiir audits continuations lead, ia built in tbe Flamboyant atyle and 
has been recently restored. Above the W. portui, which has been 
rebnllt, rises a fine stone open-work spire. When the W. door ia 
closed, visitors enter by a door to the tight of the choir. T-Tie interior 
is dlsttngnished by the width of the nave and the double aisles, which 
■re all of tbe same height, by the lightness of its columns, and by 
it* richness of etracl. The modern high-altar is in the Qolbic style. 

The Rue Eiquennoiie (PI. E, 3). running N.W. from the Grande 
Place and continued by tbe broad Hue Royale, prolongs the main 
•itary of tratfle in the <jd town. 

Froni Ihe janutlDii <if those two itreali Uie ttsa de la Bain ludg Id 
tlu W. ID the Ktpliinado (p, 96), ps'iiug a little to Ibe B. ot the OotliLc 
r.hurch of SI. CoOaruu (Fl. C, 3), iulll (n ths IQlh tenl. sad pirtlT Tailocsd. 

lyom tbe Bae Esquermoise wa proceed thiouth ftiaUufc '?>»■»'» 
merPi.B, F, 3), a church in the aty4 ot t^« \^fe «■■«-• 



Isilglied by Ihe l^iiililn iri^lilM 

legiiii ill 186B. Tbstiiilldlnew 

t lUtla hiB bean complex 

Muitum Ctdm. 10-4). 

In iti'i nH ibbnurliooa t 
own 10-i) ind iba ftv^a di I 
iuaU-ai, but ilterEd Ju 1^75. 

(1*1. F, 9( whlrh 

H 01 (to > 1 vr. Bntcu, wi 
pUnned o bo ambltlODg ■ mUt, 
Tbe it e Hii«m leads Ikrthw m 
il s « Ndluf^t /Ttotofy 

ir Sr. j|(.iririM(l'I.G, 3), I 

To tbe S. of (he Lyo^e ia tbe PUcu St, MBrtiii, wtth quaint oM 
bouiHt. Kartber oii, at No. 3'2 Hue da la MotmaU, la ibe Bd^Ui 
Comliue (Pi. F, 2, H], roundod In 1330 by Juanne, Ooanteu d 
Klandic*, but dating in Ita pri^aeiit rorni rrom Iba 16th century- ^ 
Ihe K. IJt Chi! Falaii de Juiliee ( IH3T), altuaUd on the BaaBe-SetUi, 
a caiial ipamivd a little tartb<:r oil by the curious -Ponl'A'eu/ (17011 

Th= SqU- a« Bucra (PI. C, 3), l.1„id by. conUln. aa lad^trial Jfr 
.«»F,,.ii 10-1 (Tuoi. iij. 

Th< BgtUa di la UaitlciHt rPl, F, 3), * doraid dmreb in the OnA 
(lyla. lear thBll. end of Iba town, dUBUlni a |uiBllD( hy Biititna (Aten- 
liun III (ha SbEpbncdiJ aud oaa by run It^ck (rrucllliioiO, boib ipolled Iry 
rutoradiin. TUa cburch baa alio aflreral iitbar InlareidDg painltnii (iy 
J. MM Ofl»(, .1. it Ktm, lU,), a Ine lion Bholr-jerees, (It. 

TbE CMpn of lh4 P^W-. aoipUat (Tl. K, 7, (J, ulniD by, cDDlalu M 
Aduratlun <>[ tbf BbepbeiilJi by Tan C^irt. 

Tba obureb of 81. Ai'irf &i. D, V.I, an IBtb cenl. bnUdlnE in Um Rw 
Boynle, coMulai a nns coDtfmporary pulpit, buali af SS. Pf1«r aad PMl 
by A. Qvellln, pdolioia by O, VbdIbi, ). lao Ooil, aad A. Ae Van, ud 
iXbei worki of art. 

Tba E*flanaie (Pi. D,.2-3) itlends in front or tbe Citadtl (mt 
admiMloti), whli'.bi'ill soon be tbo only relic left of tbe rortiftctUOH 
or Lille built by Vaul)aii. At (be N. end nf the Esplanade ii abtMU* 
statue, by Th. bra, of Central Nigritr (PI. D. ly, fartlicc to the 8. 
la a Afua'e Pa"Won (inllltBry banii on 3aii, ± Thurs, artemoondR 
aiimmar); and at the end of the Boulevard de la Libert^ (p. 90) !• 
tbe Pare Vauban (PI. 1>, 3, 4). a public garden in which coiuhH 
Aie given in auminer [adm. 60 i:.). On tbe other aide of the nnil, 
to (ho left, ifl tbe Jardin de la CUadelti (PI. C, 2), coJitinued by lh« 
fiois de la Dedle ((Jaf^-fieBtiurinl). 

Tbe Boultuard Vauban (PI. C, D, G, 4), which Bkirts the garden* 
on the Bide farthest from Ihe canal, pnoses In front uf the Palait 
Bamtau, a kind of 'CrystiLl I'slai^e' for publi'^ restivab. Beaide the 
latter is the large s[id handsome C'uUkge Libre St. Joitph, Near lU' 
<pDint, to the right of tbe Boulevard Vnuban, riioa the bnga tie* 
Catholic Inttitute [PI. C, 4), in the Uotbic etyU, with aci-oiumodallon 
for the Ave facultlei, divelliDg'houses, etc. 

Tbe ijtiuri;h of Hfoln-Dam-dc-CmK'HHlim (PI, B, I', i), i. little hrU»r 
■hfp l"fu!l >Mll """ "'" '" '" * "" '"" "" *" '■ "''"™"'"« • 

From thip neighbourhood nt may return to tbe centre of tlie 
.*nby ■ ' - - - 

PrOffl ,— 

]ip, 8T-ee, tia, loa. 

HAM. 13. Route. 97 

Fbom Lillx to Toubmai (Brufsels), 16 H., railway in 40-66 min. (fares 
2 fr. 76, 1 fr. 86, 1 fir. 80 c). Tbls line diverees after a short distance 
from the lines to Donai and Valenciennes. — 2>^ M. Helkmmet (p. 87); 6M. 
Aseq, also a station on the line firom Orchies (p. 87) to Tourcoing Cp. 87). 

— 8 M. BaitUux is the last French, and (11 M.) Blandain the first Belgian 
station, at eaeh of whieh there is a cnstom-honse. — 16 M. Tournai (Hdtel de 
la PstiU'Ntf; Belle9U$f die Bollande; etc.). BeeBaedeker^s Belgium and Holland. 

Fbom Lillx to BAthukb (Abbeville), 26 H. , railway in l-l*/4 hr. 
(fares 4 fr. 60, 8 ft*. 10 e., 2 fr.). — The line skirts the S. of Lille, halting 
at the Porte de Doucri. Porte d^Arra*^ and ^>rte dee Poete*. — 6 M. Loos, 
a town with 8770 inhab., is situated near an ancient Cistercian Abbey, said 
to have been founded in 1140 by St. Bernard, and now used as a prison. — 
6 M. Haubourdinj with 7457 inhab. (branch-line to St. Andri-liS'Lille, p. 99). 
10 M. ITovWn, junction for Lens and Armentiferes (see p. 18) ; 12 M. Don- 
Sainghin, junction for Lens (see p. 18) and Seclin (p. 86). 16 M. La Bateie^ a 
small industrial town, is situated on the line of canals extending from the 
Detlle to Aire, St. Omer, and Gravelines. — 19V2 H. Yiolaines, Branch-line 
to Bully-Grenay (see p. 1^. — 26 M. B^thune, see n. 18. 

Fbom Lxllb to Ypbbs, 22V3 M., railway in IVa-^Vz hrs. (fares S fr. 60, 
2 fr. 60, 1 fr. 70 o.). From Lille to (4 M.) La Hadeleine, see p. 99. — 13 M. 
OominM (Hdtel dee Trois Rote), with 7627 inhab., the last French station, 
was the birthplace of Philip de Comines (1446-1609), the celebrated chron- 
icler. The Ly». upon which it is situated, is the boundary between 
France and Belgium. — 14 M. Oomtnee (Belgian station), with the custom- 
house. — 22V2 H. Ypres, see p. 18. 

18. From Calais (London) to Ch&lons-snr-Manie (Bftle) 
vift Amiens, Laon, and Kheims. 

288 M. Railway in 6V4-6S/4 hr^. — From Calais to Amiens, see B. 1. 

— From Amiens to Laon, 67 M., in IVi-SVa hrs. (fares 12 fr. 30, 8 fr. 25, * 
5 fr. 86 e.). — From Laon to Rheime, 82 M., in l-lVa hr. (6 fr. 80, 3 fr. 95, 

2 fr. 66 e.). — From Rheims to CMlons, 36 M., in 50 min.-lVa hr. (6fr. 40, 
4 fr. 80, 2 fr. 80 c). 

This line forms part of the direct route from London to Switzerland 
and Italy. The day-service, leaving London at 11 a. m. and Calais (Garc 
Maritime) at 8 P.^m proceeds beyond Chftlons, viS. Chaumont and Belfort, 
reaching B&le at 6.10 a. m. The night-service, leaving London at 8.15 p. m. 
and Calais at 1 a. m., proceeds via Chalons and Nancy, reaching Bale at 
6.26 p. m. (fares from London to B3,le, 5/. 4«., 3/. 16«., no 3rd. cl.; single 
tickets are valid for 30 days). Sleeping-carriages between Calais and Bd,le. 

CalaiBy see p. 3. — From Calais to Amient, IO33/4 M., see R. 1 . 

Amiens 9 see p. 25. — We diverge to the left beyond Amiens 
from the line to Paris, and cross the line from Paris to Arras. — 
108 M. Blangy^OUsy. 114 M. ViUers-Bretonneux, an Industrial town 
with 6735 inhab., was the scene of one of the main engagements in 
the battle of Amiens (see p. 26), in which the French Arm^e du 
Nord was routed. — The fertile district of Santerre is now traversed 
and several small stations are passed, including (122 M.) Bofitres, 
the junction for Montdidier and Albert (p. 72). — 127 M. Chaulnes 
has also a station on the line from Paris to P^ronna and Oambrai 
(R. 8). — 133 M, Nesle is a small town of considerable antiquity, 
with a church partly in the Romanesque style of the 13th century. 
Several of tlie Sieors de Nesle are famous in history. 

140 M. Ham (H6td de Prance), a small towtv M?U\i z. CoaVU ^\.Vcv^ 
from the 18th cent., the donjon of wMcli, iiO It. \>^ciii.?i^ a-xv^ ^^"^^ ^''' 

Bamdmjum*s Northern France. 3rd Edit. T 

liigL, ]i&s walls 36 ft. thick. It was long used b3 » placo otponlliM- 
jaent (or political pilaoners; and beie Louis Napulaoti epent tii 
years after tlie failure of his attempt at Boulogne In 1840. Ev 
effented liie BBcape in 984B. The chnrcta of Nolre-Dame, pictly 

1826) was born at Ham, and a bronna statue was ereoted to UniD 
the Place do l'H6tel-tle-VSIle, -whete also is a small Xtuie. 

Beyond (146 M.I Flavy-le-Martd we Join the line from St. Qaen- 
tin and follow it in the direction of Paris. 

163"/2 M. Tergniei, see p. 104. Here our line tnma to the E. 
and ciDGBeE tbe Crosat and Oiie Canab and the river Oi»e. 

I641/2M. Lb ybz« (Htul dt VEmopt), a fortified town witli 
6000 inhab. on tbe Oise, was bombstdod and tikoii by the Gerin»nB 
in 1870. It lias a school of artiUery founded in 1719. The Mvtlt. 
iin the Esplanade, oontains about 600 paintings bequeathed to Qia 
town by tlie CouiitesB d'HSricourt (d. 1876), few of tham of gieal 
value and several injured by the bombaidment. It Is open to t)i« 
public on 3nn., 2-4; on other days on applloation, Cataloeue, 1 tt. 

EooH A. 43. SaWaUr Jloia, DeliveianFe of An<1romedsi 339. /. *<» 
/luiiitas/, Lanaacape; SB. CThUd Rcnnrw, Trinmpb of Septona -,336. 
RupMiad, Skaters ; "m. Sebbima, Luidscape ; Bl. 4/ta- mfan, Uary XacdalM 1 
3. OuerdHfio, Bape of ChloriS) 273. StolWw, Aijun mi Sye; tSt Vm 
Sch^pjHxt, Porirait*. — Sei, IFwrii, Dinnar at tUs fa™. —28. Ujipi, Hoi; 
Farolly; 106. Otrmm flcAocI, SaUvity; 314. Oe Vriindl, Thu T«b Virjiaii 
' 141. lii Crater, Heeling. — KaOHS B. and C. animportaDl. 

[tooM D. 49, DO. Tmpata, DstUe of Amazons, S61. C. Viutkir, Maksr 
of 'kDBcka'i S14. SiUdter, lalariori ISI. Eaii M< Eldtr, PoiMils RB. 
WaHoH. Dnel; BH. VerkoUt, laterlgr; S13.jr.iii Tgi, KyUioluelokl mmi 
iir Pan and Sfrini; BS. llaUan Bchmil, auarTeli 17. An. CarraecL Ohariti; 
3Dl. ifilw, BcDlleiy-maid. — ItaUan •E'cAoot. 61. Nativil;, 60. AnnaniUaui 
2fiO. 7« Bnlilciilamp, Duicli Interior; 373. ffoIMiu, AnnnneUIJan, Hkttitb, 
Adorattnn of (be Haft (tHpt;eb}. — IIS. Fan Batm, Prodigal Sod) 431. Itei. 
/.itTun, Mmt. Adelaide, aunt of Loula ZVI.; SIS. Ommefanct, Lai 

»i(h animalo; Sftl. Ttrturt, Dnteh iotertori I3l.'rnnp Brtugio, C 

Die farili B3. aduitl 0/ Uimargc da Vinti, Hadonai and Oliild; 338. Tm 
Ramlrta, Portrafli 341. Tan Behonl, Hagdalen prariag; 6. BOIoUo (Omm- 
Mlo), VIowof Venlue; 31. DruK, Adoration ot the KagiiffT. /AWtoa AAoC. 
Urilj Family. — IBS, Bault, SomirgiDg of Chrlsl; 109. Wailgimul, DwrmI 
frinn Iha Orosnj SO. Vnroffi, Eccs Homo; U. /^iml^aflfnD, Karriapi Ol 
St. Calhutnc; ST. FT. FVmiDfa, Holrraniilvi 85. Pmal, Cbarity. — Boon B. j 
m. (Mnwn ArlUI tf Ou liOt omi., KesDnectlon of Laiarui; Sm. Lu^ \ 
■ON Xeydm, OroDiHiiun; 317, flmrfiA Bthinit of On ISOt cmi.. Calvary. 

From (168 M.) Vmigny a braiiDh-llne runs to (IS'/a M.) Dmr 
MoTtUn (p. Hi), through the valley of the Stm. 

168 M. LaoD, seep. 108. — Beyond Laon scveial small statlOM 
are ptj^sed, and tlie Aime and the Sutppe are crossed. 

200 M. Bhaimf, see p. 118. The through-trains to SnltHcUwl 
tin not 6<iter tbe termiiiua at llhelmf, ^afteen^Bta Cai that town ob*B|* 
varriagei at tbo station of Bliheny. 

Frooj RhBiniB to {225 M.) St. HUawe-o.i*-i:t,msU , «» ^.'tf8i'. 

From Calais (Loudon} to Nancy (Strassburg) vi& 
Lille, ValenciennoB, Hirson, and Long^nyon. 

SOI M. Kailwai, direct Id sammi:r in U'/i iire. — From Ce1u;< to ZUle, 

3Bl/»_>l.(_tn iVt^liJ 

rawy, 306 K., . . . .. 
il S7, 36, 16 ft. 30 c). — From ImAm tc 
ndonW 8.16 0. -= - ■- - — 



. .,- JILL'S (B. 13); bui—. „ 

a^0Qt iO-M B. m. (farea 93 ft. 10 una 65 fr. BOo.)- 

CeUait, see p. 3. — From Calais to [38 M.) Haiebrouek, see 
pp. 15-17, We leave the line from Paria to Arras on the right. 

46i/s M. Baillflnl (Faveon), a oiitloua aiid plcluresque Flcmisli 
tovTD with 13,400 inhab., largely engaged in t be production of hand' 
made laoe. The belfry of the HStti dt ViOe dates Irom the 16-17tli 
cent., the ohutnli of -St. Yaatt from the 14th and 17th, The JlfitiA 
rontidns a small collsctioii of paintings and antiquities. 

bW-ji M. Armentl^ei (RSitl dt Paris), a piospeioas manutautui- 
iiig town with 29,600 Inltab., Is dtuated on the Li|i, near the frontier. 
ItK principal produots are cloth and table-litien. Railway to Lens 
(Arras), see p. 18. 

' bruicta-raUway ninn Fcom ATmoatlcccK to (21 U.) BatailK (p, 1^, 

- ■' ■- -.~>w> . .. m>/ M.) £o Sorffaa-Biifljrii, 

_, _.._ ,__, .. _ Molber branch nins 1o 

u (p. BI), ria (!'/, M.) BaufUnu mi & It.) U Itotij™*, llrn 

From (61 Vi M.) Si. Andf(-li>-LiUe a branch nins to Haubouidiii 
Cp. 97). — 63 M. La Madcldnt, au industrial viUaga (10,800 iu- 
lisb.), whenr.B a branch runs to Tprea (p. 18). — We cross the Defile 
and join the Unas from Toutnal, VilBncIenoeB, Paris, and Be'thutiB. 

661/3M. IlUe, fleep.88. — FromLlUeto(96M.)Val8nci(auiei 
ill the reverse direotion, see pp. 87, 86. ^H 

As we leaie Taleiicienues, we see the modern Romano.sque biiuk ^^M 
I'liiiTub of the FauhauTH dt Forli on the left. To the left also is the ^H 
]iTmtoHaubBuge(p. 107], and (a the right the line toLeCateaurU ^| 
.-iolegmea (p. 106) and thu Canal of the Scheldt. — 99 M. L« Poirfer, 
"ithiion-wDiks. — Mainy-Famuft. FiimaTs(FanitmMxtrli»joaa\i^\ea 
(lie site ot a Eoman uolouy, oiciYstjons on whluh in ISM yieldi^d 
an fewer than 28,000 objeote {jewels, l^oIhb, trinkets, etc.). 

108 M. Le dneinoy (mtel du Orand-FariiJ, a fortress vlth 3872 

Inhab., belonged aumefisively (o Hainaolt, Burgtindy, and Aostria, 

before the Treaty of the Pyreiieei united It Anally with Fianoo in 

1659. Of its Dumerous (sieges the uhlef Is that of 1793, wheu the 

.\ugtrl»D8 cBptnied il after a bombardment ot ten ii^B, -wXAtVXjJA. 

two-third* oFtbe lo-wn in rains. It was, howe^'ei, teco-^atei^l "i^o^ 

KepiibUeaa troops in 1794. After the battle ol Wa\ei\i>o ttve'O-o-^'^^ 

S'^^od Le Quesnoy »,itil iSiS. Ahout ll/*14. to ttvelS.U.\» '^"'^ 

W^CM U^dt PouiU, a ivell-preserved r«li.^ of tVe \1tV w^^tv 

mmpmay to C,mbr,i »,.d to Eavay, see p. 74. Ifl 


^B Tl, 


100 Route ii. 

Wu ijGit traverse tli« Fortti of fiirmal, slid beyond (llfrfl 
Btrlabnont (p. 106) urosa the iSomftre. 

118 M. Anlnoye (p. 107). Tlia raUwsy eoiiUimea in • 
dlreodaii. The canalized Sambie ie iTosled, and the country travened 
is plctuiesqnely dlverelfled. — SeTsr&I Bm&U etadoDG. 

125 M. ATMnei {H&ltl du Nord; ChoUt, at (tie etatiaB), on the 
Hclpe, a town vitk 6400 inhab., and at one time forUfled, cuffsied 
ti«-varBls iu the warB of the 16-16th oentnrieB. lis chief buIldlDg i* 
the Church of St. Ninholai, dating Itom the 13th and 16cli cent, with 
a tower aOO ft. high and a Buo peal of bella. The Fondalion 
ViKIm, a modern building, contains a small muaeum of antiquities, 
eto. "Wool-spinning is an autlve Industry in the nelghbourhoDd, 
I'enteiing at ^cmmUm, the next station. — Railway to Sais-Poteile* 
[MBiibeugB),eeep. 107. 

136 M. fonnnieB (HSt. dt la lYouiddice; dea Mestagma; Orani 
nSM), a town with 16,287 inhab. and an active wooEen industry, 
is the Junction for Valenolennea yiS Manbouge (soe p. 1071. — 
137V2 M. AwiT Cp- 111). 

143 H. Einon {Buffet-HSul; BStd de la Paate, well spoken of), 
an industrial town with 6632 inhab., on tbeOise, ia noted foi in 

FsOH HiRsOH to AkiONB-Lnugui, 38V< ■., iiilwa; la Vh-W, hr. 

(faiei err.99, Ifr. TO, Sfr. fie.}. — 8i/t U. ^b^wCd", at the conQadDCe al 

Ibfl Avbi and (hs Than or TOn, 1> eDEBged Id waal-BplnnlnK. 12>/i H. JiB' 

"lis:) hu s. chateaa o[ the lBt)i ccTilury. — 18 U. lAvl U the jnBflllan 

tho line fnim Lsod to H^it^res (p. 111^. — 33'/: X. Amag»i-Lacqitf. aes 

The railway beyond Hirson traveraes an undulating country, 
rlntted with iron-mines, si ate- quarries, and factories. — 144'/{ H. 
8t. tikhel-SougUmd. The rich abbey of St. Michel la now repre- 
sented by its church, dating from the 12th and 16th cent., auil Eome 
bttlldinga of the 18th century. — Several small stations. — From 
(161 M.) Le TnwiSIois a narrow-gauge line runs to C7</2 H.) Aooroi 
Ip. 113). — The Blata-quacries of (i66t/j M.) Hfmojme are the laon 
Important in the N. of France. — 173 M. Touttkj (p. 110). — The 
train passes between U^zi^res and Charlevllle. 

178 M. Xiiltrei-OliatleTJlle, see p. 128. — Contltinntion of the 
., iney to (231 M.) Lortgityoa, and thence to (301 M.") Nancy, sec 
pp, 128-133. 

15. From Paris to Kamnr (Liige, Cologne). 

a. Til, St. Qooatin, Hanbenge, and Eiqnelinet. 
ffaria -Afont-BnucU.) 

IT. Bailwat in 5i/i-10>l«htB. (.(Kssfflh.'ai.WVi.'Si, Mi^i.^tift. ' 
"» aUH from Ibe i38Lre du -Stwa C". ot *'^»^■»■.^^<»■.^■■^■ ■ 

CHANTILLY. 15. Route. lOf 

Ing Ihrongh-exprcu, wllli seconA-ctass curriigiii. — For taifktT deUlli i 
81. Denis, CDanlilly, and olhsr placej nE»r Paria, see Batdlkc't Parii. 

Shortly \(txt the fartlflcntloaa are passed, the line to Solgauni 
I,iion, Bto. (p. 116J (li?CTg«fl to tho right, i'/a M. St. Dmfa, witli 
the toirar of Its new cliBfah eo{'!piciiou« on the right, anil the toirer 
of the uathedrsl farther olT. The llnee to Aioiens and to Le Tr^port 
viaBesnT3iBCpp.25,321dLVBrfe?hcreto the left. — 6M, Piem^lle- 
Slalm. On the right rises the F'^.fle.Qarcliea. Beyond (22'/aM.1 
Orry-Coye the train crosses b riuBiKt, 130ft. high. Below, to tho 
right, on the baokj of the Etaagi at CoikmHle, is the ChSleav dc la 
Rtint Blaneht, a aniill modem Oothic hlintlng'lodge, on the Bite 
of a chMeku once oflcnpled by St. LLiaii;- Mid. Queen Blanche. 
We now enter the Forett of Chaniilly. ' .• 

25'/gM. CiujMnj{B6telirAngletemiL{aniifOr;ete.}, the flrst 
stopping - place of the throagh- trains, a town with-42il inhab., 
r.'LmonB, especially in the ITth and 18th cent, asTbe residence at 
tlie Condtfs. The weU-kQewnKace-Osurse Is BituBteA near l|ie station. 
Kacther off are the extensive Stablet of the Gondii (l^'f^nj:.), and 
tlie two Chdttaux, with thelt fitia Pari:. The main 'LlxSt jau, with 
it,-i magniUcBiit art-coHectinnH.wsB prenentedtotha Instl tot rta France 
by the Dne d'Aumaie (1822-97), and is open to visitors on San.'ainl 
'i'hurs. in luninier, from 1 to fi (except rnce-dsiys], For detgil«,.^qB 
Jlaeiiettr'a Parii. 

FioM CiiANTii.i.r ID Ottftp,-BB-Vii,Q.s , 221/, M., (Bilway in 1 br. Bhbb 
1 fr, 15, 3 fr. 80, 1 fr. 80 r.). This bmntU dlvefte* lu the rightlie- 
vunil UiQ riBdoDt montiDned \>B]ow. _ 8 K. Benlii (/MM du ffrond Cu-f), 
tbe Boman antiu S^lvaiucUnsnm.fBitiiaied on the NmclU, Ii a pleuul 
litlle town with laOD inbab., whloh ia fKqnenUy menlianiid in medlsnal 
Liatory. SixttwD toHara of tbs BaUa^tmta^ FornflcniiiM areallll i>reiHved, 
'■'be OoDiic -Culhidrai, a baT.dHoian bolldlng of the 13-ieth conl., poMeir' ' 
n poitMi fllU] adorned with baa-Tslieft and atalnel, and to-u sqosrs t«WB 


■g (13lb 

la 3S0 ft. In baigbl. Tbe riib fasade of the S. traniepl ii 
. , . . _. .„.„.. ,.-.. . . , _. jj_^. 

Kiiliurcb of 

.poisted aiylD. Tbe cbutcbei of ai. Pitrri (letta oent,), SI. 

Beyond Chantllly the train crosaea the valley of the Sonettt by 
s Viaduct, 484 yds. in length and 72 fc. in height, commanding a 
fine view. To the left is a modern ohitean of the Rothsnhilds, The 
train passes throngh a cutting, traversing the qnarriea at St. ISacl- 
m>n, which yield excellent bnlldlng-stone, and sonn cinsses tho 
Oiif. To the right is another handsome modern chStean of tho Rolh- 
^..hilde. To tho left are the cburoli of St. I.en-d'Esaerent [p. 32), 
iho line to Pantoise (p. 43), and the village and manufactories nf 
Muntatairf (6300 inhab.), .'ommanded by a handaome church of the 
12-13th aent., and a chiitoaH of the i6th centnry. 

32 M. CroU (Bafftl; B6tel rfu CTonin-de-FeT; d« Commttwl, »■ 

(a«'a tiiib 8iSB iahab., prettily situated on t^ioOiae, is M*rav^w^»-W 

Junccim oa tbe Ohemia de Fer da NotA. Tte Pattal* Ch.w<i>. "I* 

building ofihe i2-i6lh oenturiea. 0» »n Vrtatvd l« X\ve t^".*^ «* " 

^HWT (4« (»wM o/ St. K.:rr,„ont, a line Hv««sV *««^\\ '=-^'-« 


103 BoutelS. COMPIEQNE. 

oftlieTrMBltion style I l^tli vent.), and EOme remains of an anfieiit 
royal ch&te&n. 

BTBDch-Hnc to Pimtolf md fiaovmiiiif, »e p. 33| ta Amlmi, ett^., >c<> 
a, 1 1 to Btauwti ml £f friport, «ea E. S. 

Beyond Greil the tT&in akirta the.Oise; the Amiens line direrfes 
to the left. — 39 M. Pml^Ble-Maxtfice, with s hanilsome biidgs, 
built in 1774-35, snd ao interssting chnich. 

About >/< U' to the S.IC. >tc Ilie nipucMnl ri^msine '>[ tlie ^M^c A 
Vw<2 (parlly lJ[b cent.! vlaltoirn- Muiitted). — ^'eor the alalion i> tbr 
j-vA fBaiSale, (lavtned by n, xoaUlfl (3i/i M.] Flmrina aod ITVi M.) &nll> 
(P- lot). 

45 M. Longutil-Sterfiarie (to Teiberio and EstrJea-at-Denii, 
sea p. 103}. — 48Vsi H.'LbMeux (to Cr^py-en-Valois, see p. 103), 

521/3 ^- Compisgne. — Hotali. IM la Clodhi, E., L., « A. S, S. »h, 
d^j. 3. b. 3, peiu.^m&fr., omn. DOo.i de FsatraK, B., L., « A. S, drU. &. 
D. ay, ft. iocL wine, peus, S'/,, omn. Vitr-l Ci>aini-n<-6iaiF, lyHllA. 
D. 3 &. ; PK FuitoBI, DDur tbc Atation, well epoken oft ph la liAKI, Kith 
cafd, pens. Tf/ifr."-. 

OiiNb £rlii(UDiA(, Place del'H6tel-Je-Tille; MtbeiB netir tbe ItaliOBi 

flaba. Ser'drive, 3 iiora. >/• f'-, 3 per"- 1 '>-' '0 c-. < P^ti- I'/i i'-^ V*t 
hi. l>/i,.3, or i^jttr. To iVnr</«idi oi CAotnpIini, IS-SO fr. fnr 1 psn. 

^8UjhChoroh.'»,,J»drsifi,A»eBueTliier8iC!iiipliiB,BtB. J.F.asewd, 
Comfiignt, on the Oise, a town with 15,225 Inhab., was alwayi 
a favoDiite conntry-resident'e of the monaichs of France, and is. 
thetefore, a place of some historical importance, Itwashere that Joan 
of A.ra was taken prisoner by the Unrgandians in 1430. A mpnument 
to her memory, hy LcTtiux, was excnted in the Place de I'n&tel-dS' 
Ville in 1880. Turning to tlw right on learing the staHon, and 
rrossin; the Oise, we eoon reath the H6UI de Ville, erected at tli< 
beginning of the 16th cent., with a floe facade, now adorned with 
modern statues, above wblnh lises a belliy, 152 ft. in height. II 
contains a small but Interesting iKweuin of paintings and other works 
of art (open free Sun. & Thnts., 2-5; an other days for a gratnit}). 
The Gothic churches of St. Jacques and SI. Antoine (12-16th cenL) 
are uninteresting. The Palace, at the end of the town near the fcteW, 
was built by Uabritl in the reign of Loui« XV. Visitors are ad- 
mitted to the richly furnished aod decorated interior, whiDb anr 
tains a small art-gallery (10-5 in summer, 11-4 in winter); the »■ 
I'allBd 'appartements rfseii^s' are shown on application to the em- 
toiiians. The flne •i'oric Is also open to tbepnblio. The f oreai wUok 
affords many beautiful walks, is 3B,270 acres in area and 59 H, in 
circumferenuc. — For details, see Batdektr'i Parie. 

Brincb.riilwiiTB lead from OompieEOD to (Wh V..) Rtyt CP£i«rm 
and Cunbraii p. iS) and lo (35 H.) Stim<ui <p. llB), hy tbe vallej of Ot 
Aiim, dSrerpig from the line to Vin^re-CDttsieti (.t (1 ■.) Siantiti, — 

us ftom Oompijane to Ctamont mi. Btawoli, ka 't.%. 

•«r J- i hr. ([,rts i fr. 15 , 3 (r, 90 , 1 Ir. aft e.l- 
«|«™j- lo MHO mlD. (ftJe. -'•■'•"' 

*Ol*B tad akirla the 

'frianau4»,, wilt lintlw, B.,L,. 

(r ao llr.afte.l- la ¥\ttTiel.m^ia, WHiSa 

. . J. He floniOD, wlUi lu ri .. 

>[ idH ur Ihe splendour of a. mtdia^ysl feudal lord. 
D tbehiUoFetslsBrGBtatuuot'SlieKiiiiu: SBmlrnnlB, 
TDBiyilB, Tnnqns, PaalhmUea, MenellppB, Uippobdu, 

lloe to Puii al La Jftui (p. 102). — 10 M, Tirtthi, » cmoall town, onca ■ 
Tavaarlte resiaenoe af Uie HerovlDgitD igd CBTolingiKn klogB of Ihe 9-Btli 
cehi., rat^Di, huff aver, Dorel<ciuf<U BWlygcHtneM. Here, IdS56, Etiiel- 
wuK or England married Judith, UiB dBoghtai of RbarlM Ibe Bald. The 
Dhnrcli dates in pan from Iha 12-13tb centuileB. A brsncli rant benes lu 
I.DDgneil (p. 10!i) and Wh S.) Estr<leB-8t-Den<B (Boves- Amiens i MS belon). ^ 
— 1611. Orraav, abont IVs*. to Ibe N.W, of whlcb isOhampilau, wltb a _■ 
mioed ctiaicli of tlie iaih ceut., and Boms Komen remaiDi (batbn, tlieaUe, ^H 
tsiDple, etc). The cailodlan of (ha mint liicg at Clnouy. - Ui/i U. ^M 
Cr/p!/-m-7ali>ity aes p. IIA, ^^1 

Frdh CoHPilaNi TO AHiEsa , Imk V- . 'allwaT In 2 hca. (firea 8 ft. SO. H 
e tt. X, 3 fr. BO a.). - 9 SI. Bilria-St'Denii, formerlT cUer town of 
the baroDT whiFh gave name to thMaautlfnl Oabrielled'EitKeg, migtrcia 
uf Henri IT, (Ballway lo THr|)Brle^iB« abois.) — S M. Jfunldiiiir, tea 
p. 71. — B97, W. J/iirmil, with a Ifigo rained caalle and the uhureh and 
ulhet remiuBa uf a Benedictine priory of the li-16tb oonlnrieB. - Al (lO^h M.) 
Bwa we join the railway from Paris to Amiena tp. W. 

67 M.HojanfaSMiluflord), an Bonient town irith 7468 faihab., 
was known to tbe Romans as Noalodunum VaamanduoTwn. SI. 
M^daid and St. Elot (EUglas) were bhbopa orNoyoQ. HereOhU- 
periB was barisd in T21 , Charlemagne crowned king of the Fmiks 
iti 768, and Hugh Capet elected Ving in 987. N'oycn was the biith- 
place of Calvin (J609-64), the reformer, and of Jacquea Swraiiii 
(1592-1660), painter and scnlptoT, to whom a bronzs statne, by 
MohlktiBchl, »aa erefiad on the promenade in 1861, — Tho Calh- 
fdral, presenting an exceedingly harmonions though not an im- 
posing eiterior, ia one of the raoat beautiful examplaa in France 
of the Transition style of the ll-12th centnties. Round and pointed 
irchea are used promiscuously, but the latter are the more numer- 
ous. The two W. towers, 200 tt high, are nnflniihed; the portico " 
ll4th centj has three portals, nnfortunately mutV Vnitttai m *iw 
roane of time. In the inWijDr of the Iia^6 Biviate ^Waw ■«\'Civ 
'Bgaged co/acaiu alternate wllh gingle oolumna. 1\i6 tL\*«,«Va.iB. 
»jHWM inri poJoted arcbos, above wUioli la » trttoriom '"^^^^ wv™^ 
^W J"" transept:, Lave ^ triforium aiirt Iwo to-«!. o^ ^<>«V^** 

idi Routt 15. ST. OHENTIN. FVom ««•■■ 

winilows, one icn Gothic, the other Romanesque. The cltoir-iip°« 
is Banonnded by Email circular cbapels, recalling, as do bUo tho 
apsidi,! tenniiiBtioiia of the tiuiseplf, (he cathedral of TDornai, 
whose bishop waf salijact to No;ou until 1135. The chapels of the 
nuTe ware added in the 14-180) centnriea. On the N. side of thr 
cathedral, sod liebind the choir, sie a Chapter-House and the 
reraainB of a Uothio CtohUr. 

77 M. Cluitm; CBdt. du Pol-d'Etfin), an Indnatriil town of 
9927i(ihab.,wlth1)leach-Ileldgandahcanch of the St, Gabaln minor- 
works Lsee helowj. 

Fkuk Chabnt to LtoN ili anicy-le-n-dUan^ SBV' ^-^ rajlwar In i>Uhi. 
Ifuna 3 fr. 90, 3 fr. 66, i tr. 70 c). To Cbuc), S'/g U. Id 'It bi. {Hr-ID, 
IfT. 15, Tfic.). — SH. ^nemy, withanoldnDiiielaln-rMtDi?. From (t'/iK.) 
Rgnd-d'OrMoIU b branch-iailwa; rnna to (B H.) Bt. O-baia, enlebratsa for 
iU Mirrcr Works, fannded In 1693, aod probablr the lugssl in the world 
(liiitoTS admUled). — BH. Ftlmbrau, whan then li a larue glaaa-work. 

Bi/iH. OauDT-lB-OUtHu mat. diaRuina; Pommel Or), a village famooa 
Far llB formidable -CaaiLE, now In ruins, ddo at (he moil Btilkliit: moBumenlt 
uf the feudal agea Ln Kuropa. TMb Luge strooghold, wMcli oOTered «b 
area of 10,001) iq. jit., naa bnjlt early in lUe IStli cent, bj Snguerrand nL, 

1399 ii rcmajned In Ike pnueBaion oC idi (amilr, vlio boi 
198 ilpaaaed ID ma rrei 

1 bought 1*. 
oantiad in i 

prince, ne due, ne cumle auggi) )s san 
. , ..... .,,,_..._. ._,.. ,...1.. "lerrBfonii, 


inUel-le-Dm:, ia the flnegl (pardineo In Eurara 

uf modiu^val ojililary arcluteotnrej 'compared with Ihia giant', he gan, i 

'tLe laigeiit lowers kmiwn appear mare slindlee'. It ie 310 ft. bigli and I 

100 fl. In diameter, aod the walla are in gome placei 31 ft. tlilck. Foni | 

alanda oo an et^ineocB, kppiDached byloog sleep alopeg on alt alrlca iutoae. ' 
_ Al flH M.) Aaiiy-Pi<im wo joln'lbs Uoe from Pari? lo Laoo fp. 108) , 

At(81'/2M.)TetiriiierrB«^f!;tf6I. duCfiemin-de-Fer^arelMge | 
[ailway-workebope. Ka.ilway fraci Amiena to Rheims, see pp. 97,^ I 

The main litio now quits the Oiee, and foi some time skirts the 
Canal Crosal, which joins the Oise and the Somme. . 

961A M. St. Qnentin. - Rotsla. Do Ciqhi (Fl. s; B, 3), Itae at. I 
HuCio) Ds FuKoE IT u'AsQLiTEiBE (Fl. b; B, 8], Enc St. Martin 38: DO \ 
ilo«HBRCE(Pl, CjB, a),, B. «A, 8, d^i, S'/ifr.i 1 
■VB La Guu (PI, d; B, b), at the slalion, — Oafas. Orand Cafi, Caft * J 
Pari,, Place de rH6tel-de-Villa, 1 

Oabs. Per drive, 3 peig. 80 o,, S fen. 1 fr, SO, 4 pecs. 1 fr. 60e. 
fl^'ri^^fc^' "r hr'V',V^fr '" P"'-^''-"'''' P"*''«. apers. Vk, \ 
St. Quentm, an ancient town with 48,ti6S inbab., la situnted en | 
rising ground on the right bank of the Somme, at the point when 
It ll Joined by the Cana( de St. Quentln and the Canal Crozat. It is | 
the centre of a highly important Industrial district, and carries on 
extensive cotton and woollen mawoticttiiBa, 

St, Quenfia was known to (be Brtinana aa Anjmta •Vwinna nilm r—i, 
aoil deiii-ea its modorn name (lom Iba ■loattil'i mi-nv ■"'^a Ma «ifc><aJk 
ChrlatiADitT here In the 3rd century. It alWrwaift* \>y^ " 

HiB Oouata of Vermandola. lo IMO ll (ormei ■B"\"'^__; 


~r ^p^ '^ s5 4« 


I p I 16000 

31 t^'^4H^,4 " / 

toNamwr. ST. QUENTIN. 15, Route, 105 

Spaniarda , with their Engliah. Qerman , and Flemiali auxiliaries, under 
the Duke of Savoy, sign^ly defeated the French under Coligny and the 
Constable Montmorency near St. Quentin. The battle was fought on St. 
I^awrence^s day, and it was in gratitude for this victory that Philip II. 
vowed the erection of the Escurial. On the 19th Jan., 1871, the French 
*Arm^e du Kord* under Faidherbe was defeated near St. Quentin by the 
Prussians under General Goeben. 

Quitting the Station (VI, B, 6), we cross the Somme and the Canal 
de St. Qnentin and enter the town. In front of us is the Place duHuit- 
Octobre (PI. B, 4), embellished with a handsome Monument, by Bar- 
rias, symbolizing the snccessftU defence of the town against the first 
attack of the Germans on Oct. 8th, 1870. 

The Rne dlsle leads thence to the Place de rH6tel-de-yilIe, in 
which rises the *Monument of the Siege of 7557, with sculptures by 
C. Theunissen (1897). On the N. side of the Place is the *H6tel de 
Ville (PI. B, 3j, a fine Gothic building of the 14th and 16th cent, 
resembling the Belgian town-halls of the same period. The facade 
consists of an arcade of seven pointed arches, above which are nine 
fine windows in the Flamboyant style, separated by niches originally 
intended for statnes and surmounted by a tasteful balustrade and 
three gables ornamented with rosettes. The chief point of interest 
in the interior is the Salle du Conseil, the roof of which rests upon 
two circular wooden vaults. The large and elaborate chimney-piece 
presents a curious mixture of the Gothic and the Renaissance styles. 

The *Church of St, Quentin (PI. B, 0, 3), a little to the E. of 
the H6tel de Ville, is a fine example of French Gothic of the 12-16th 
cent., but is unfortunately much masked by other buildings. It has 
double transepts, and the nave is 370 ft. long and 130 ft. high. The 
W. portal, which was formerly adorned with statues, is one of the 
oldest parts of the church. 

Intxriob. The nave, completed in 145G, the W. transept, and the 
choir are embellished with splendid stained glass and a gracefm triforium. 
Many of the chapels date from the 14-l5th cent., and, like the choir, are 
adurned with polychrome painting. Beside the 1st chapel on the right is 
a Tree of Jesse in stone (loth cent.) and in the chapel is a small 16th cent, 
altar-piece. In the 2nd chapel is a fresco of the Idth cent, (restored), and 
some of the others contain interesting sculptures. The ''Choir Screen is 
embellished with bas-reliefs (restored in the 19th cent.) referring to the 
history of St. Quentin and his fellow-martyrs, SS. Victoricus and Gentianus, 
all of whom are buried in the crypt. 

In front of the church rises the statue, by Langlet, of Quentin 
Delatour (1704-88), the famous drawer in crayons, who was born at 
St. Quentin. — Another native of St. Quentin, Henri Martin^ the 
historian (1810-83), is commemorated by a statue in ttont of the 
LyeSe (PL B. 2), a handsome building at the end of the Rue du Palais- 
de- Justice. 

At No. 22, Rue Antoine - L^cuyer , to the right from Martin's 
statue, is the Musie lAeuyer (PI. B, 2), containing a rich collection 
of antiquities and works of art, including a series of cia^QTAV] 
Delatour (see above). The Musfie is open fre^ ouT\iUia. &^T3iXi.^*V^ 
0-4 in winter); on other flays on application. TYk^ ^\AAV«. ^w:^ ^'^ 


St. Qnentin, known as tbe Champs-Elysies (PI. C, 3), lies to llie E. 
of the alder qnutoia of ibe town. 

Vmox St. QU.NT1H TO GuKE , as M,, rnilwav in IV. br. (far«» ( fr. 10, 
Sfr. 10, 2(f. SDc). — lO'i^H. TIAHinaiil (EtiiDe). an industrli} talm wtlh 
aUfiUinHabitunle. — WiH, Aatte ( Bufel-Bml ; CmrDnwJ, >ui IndnBtrld Iowa 


lie letti cent., nan occupind bl > smidl BnniBon. In 1839 Ihi Englisb, 

avM mEslers of lbs castln, irbicU hu Don»iBDii9ly_dB[endBd brthi 
..ut^ uf it> laid, no otbci thsn tlie dBugbUi oF John of E^nanll himMlf. 
Ilia town hu beeo bbveibI limes bestcBed and takon ainee Umd. Onlu 
wu tbe Uirtbplaca of Cuollle DesmoullnB (iTe3-St). tha teiolDtionirr. la 
the Bna dt Cambrai is Ihs eKcaedlngly InUnning niinjllil»re , or eom- 
muniatic WDckmen's colony, Includini; a Matanittri, or large ooniiiaOD 
dwelUng-houae tor the membeis, founded about 1850 by J. B. Oodin (d. 18BB) 
on tha plan advocalad by Fouiiar. Visitors are warmly nelcomed. — 
Bailwiv to Laim nai ValmcimHti (see p. Ill and below) i anolbcr (o Birtm 
tp. 100) Is under constrnotloii. 

Another line runs to (2DM,)Ruiiti(V61u, Bapaume, and Acliiel: 0.12), 
via dVt SI.) rermand, wbioL jome aatboriliea ideptifi willi the AuguiU 
7ir«mii.HduoT«m of Ibe Romani (p. 101). 

1081/:^ M. Bolisiii (HBUt du Noriij, an ancient town with 74^ 
inhab., man; times bceUged and captured tietween 1183 and 1815, 
— 112 M. Bnugny (Buffet ; HSt. du Nord). 

A branch.Une inns from Bnslgny (o (35 X.) BirMot, passing tsHoui 
places of Indnatiial tmportanee, including (8</i H.) Waatrmr, alio > staUM 
■ ■a tbe line tram VnlencUnnea to Laon via Oulss (see p. lit), — SC II. 
/firiM, see p. 100. 

Ffom Busienj to CamtrM and Somain, see pp. Tl, 7i. 

Befond Bnsigny out line dlTerges to ttie right from tbe linn tn 
Oanibrai and cioases the valley of the Se((e by a viaduct 86 ft. h^h. 

118 M. Lb Catena I'Mouion Blane), a town with 10,460 inbab., 
on the Belle, with important woollen and merino spinning-milU, 
derives its Dame from an ancient Chilean, orl|;inaUy boUt about 
the 11th cent, by the Bishops of Catnbrai. A between England, 
France, and Spain, was signed here in 166'J. A bionze statue bat 
been erected here to Marshal MortUr, a native of the town [b. 1768), 
killed at Paris in 1336 by Fieschi's infernal machine. 

A railway runs from Lb Cateau to £16 M.l Cambral, paining fTifc X,l 
aaiidn-Canar/H4 (8000 Inbab.), wbcacs there is a brancb-^lne Id ^h Ui 
Li Caum. vll e M.) Owdrs-Nord and & H.) WaUaoovrt 12317 Inhab.). — 
l-he railway proceeds to tbe E. of Gandry lo (6 H.) Patillim [2367 iBhab.l 

Le Catean Is abo a ilallDn on the line from Laait to ralatdtiuHi Til 
auiH and Selamu (aec p. ill). 

I22M. Ori. ThevalleyoftheSamiKis now entered. — i25M. 
LandrsDiM fHolel de t'^ropt), a fortiaes on the Sambre, with I 
4069 inhab., was the biichplace of Dupltix (1697-1764), foDOdw J 
of the French power in India, who is commemorated by a branu I 
eutae, by FtgeL — Wb enter tte FoTcit of Mormof (22,300 aofwl. I 
— 129 M. Sachelte (MaroiHttB^. — Beioni l\?.1u:s a«tt9i«a-«», \ 
tbe Sam bra and paaa uadei ftia\\iiaX6"^'>\oa<i'waft». '^'>jy^, 

right is the 7ine froui Anoc toHirBon; toi.\ie\el<- 
-'JiUh Is Aulnoyc, about I'/* M. ti 


MAUHEUGE. 16. fioule. 107 

■ 134 M. JLiilnoye I Bu/fet-li6tel). Bnilway from Valeuciennes t»1 

■ u (Caliifi-Siiucy), see R, 14. 
liH DiBio line continuea to follow the -vuliey of the 

Gtoasiagthe river several tlmee. — 139 M. H&Qtmont ^BSl. du Com- 
merce), »i. iJidHstriil town with 11,336 iniiabiUnts. At (141 M.) 
Soue-le-Boie the lins to Mode (see belovr) diveiges to the leCt 

142 M. Mauhenge (Bnffet-HStdi Grand Cerf; du Nord; Poslel, 
a (oTiiBss of the flist class, situated On both hanks of the Samtie, 
nitb 19,SO0 iuhah. , owes its origin to s nunnery uid monaetei)', 
founded in the 7th cent, by St Aldogonds. The veil »iid s siodal 
ol the snint are preserved in the ciinrch. Maaheuge became the 
uapital uf Hainaiilt, and pasEcd to France by the peace of Nimwegen 
ill 1678. In 1793 the town was invested by the prince of Saxe- 
CobuTg, but it was relieved by tlie battle of Wailignies (a hsmlet 
T'/aM. to t!i8 S.), commemorated since 1893 by a Idonument In Oie 
town. lii 1816, after tlio battle ot Waterloo, it was forced to cap- 
itulate. It ciiries on very Bxtensive raannfai'tuieB of toolfi, iro- 
ptements, hnrse-shoes, and other metal goods. The painter Jan Gos- J 
saett (1470-1632), perhaps bettor known as Mabuse, was a nativ« j 
of tha town. 

F»o« MmsiuoE TO Boss (BruHBii), 13 M,, Tuilway in 1-2 bil. — t M. 
Sma-h-Btii (eee above!. — V/t H- FUgaiw CBuflet) is the last French BUlion. 

in n09 bj the Dnke of k.irlbiiroiish Md Prince Bagfine, and wIbpb General 

01 amiDallan lakea placo at (GVi ».) Q«iril (BiilTet]. Belgian time (Qreenwleli 
time) ia i nin. behind Parisian time. — 9 U. Frmuriu. Bejoai O^V,) 
Ci/ma we traveme the eoal-fleldi of Huiu, the riebeit in Belgium. — 
13 K. Kona (BiMdi (a Ccurmnir dc rJSfpfrwHf ; adrntili), Flem. Brrgm, 
lb-, enpltal of Haiaanll, with 25,300 Inhab., b>B a Qne CalheAral (UBD-lSaSJ, 
.1 Btlfrii of fGB'J, a EUtt de Villt nf iha ISth cenl., etc. For farlliai detallH, 
and for Ills railway from Mona to fiFiiMel3, lec Batdikrr'a Bitglum ana 


;fr. BBe^ - " - "" -■ 

(fares B It. S, 4 b. 10, 2 fr. eS c!). - From (SVi HJ fem'ln-In-a-anill a 
)>iuivh rum la Cnumre, a lawn O'/o »■ to tlie E., witli marble- qoaniei 
and jarroiinded Willi woods *Dd pood.-. — IQl/i M. SarfFolirili, wilb 
iniKiitnnt glaas-wnrki. A branch-Una ia ti> b« mitidnicted to Aveineg 
IB. 100). — IS H, SBlre-li-Oltiliaii no longer poaseiiea Uie clillcau tii 
wUch it owei ila Dame. The CAurcl, (Iblh cent.) bu eood old alalDod 
riMii the JfaMa and some other boasea date from the Iflth canlnry. — 
' -^ - ■"■ lury. The 

if Spa. aoi/jll'. Pouriifts (p, 100)) 38*/jM. ^nor 


>/ Trtlon, TWO acrei In eiUnl, wbicli w* uait travarie, rti« 
lacui the eDvirr>Ds of Spa. Wklt. FawntiK (p. tOOJ) ^/aU. 

rum Xaubenea to ValinHtm 

14fi M. Benquigniei , with mirror-works. — 148 M. Jeumont 
I ItD FTet) i« the last French station, PasEengers' luggage coming from 
llol^am is examined here, unless Iwoked thTou^^ la ¥a'A>.. 

150 M. Eiquvimet (Bufftt-B5tel). Laggage, ti« t6i^\»te.^"i 
psfs thTough Belgiam , is here examined \iy fhe 'BfeV^a.^ cW.Va'^a- 
huBi e ulSeers. Belgian i/me CGreeriwich timel is 4 mta.teWwi'**-™^ 
^K lAe r,>llway coi.tmuei to foll.iw the vaU«V o£ ».Ve ^amV^M 

108 J!o«l, 7S. 


158 M. Thuin, i small town prettily situated on a. bill to tlie rigbt. 
Five more naimpOTtant etatioDs. 

168 M. Charleroi (Buffet; H6UI Btulultn), a niannractDrine 
town and fortrasa, with about 23,000 liihab,, was foanded by 
Charles 11. of Spain in 1666. 

The traia now passes sexeTal atatione still in fbe lalley of Uie 
Sambre. — 117 M. Tgminea is the juncUon for Diimnt 1 29 M.J, 
Flenros [Bi/a M.), eln. 

191 M. ffomur, eeep. 114. 

ie5K.Biii.wAi in 7i/,-)3hr3. (fares about 3ifr.8&,22fr, 15, 14 (»,««., J 
nil tbrougli-Uokola), Traina atari from 118 Gare du Nori (aea p. UB. ' fl 

FrDmFartsto[6&M.)SomDn9, see pp. 116, 116. The line to LUD^ 
diverges to the left from that to Kheims, and crosseH the Altne. Fine 
view of SoiBsons. — 671/2 M. Crouyi 7i M. Margivat, Then, bsyond 
a tunnel 700 yds. long, (74 M.) VauxaiUon. — 76 M. Aniiy-Pinoit. 

Railway lo Cliatmy , see p. tOl. — A diligence pliea horn AnliT ta 
<S M.) fttminirt, tunntrlj celebrated for its Abbey, founded by 8t. Norlbai 
in IISO, and the madiBr-liDnae of the PriEmDnslraienaian oraer of oaneu 
■ iwad the mis uf SI. Augnitine. The present buiUingi, 
'"Ma Innalio aajlnm. — St. Oollala 


ilaline irQiB the I81I1 cent., aie 
(II. IW) <a 4>/t M. farther on. 

80 M. aiailvd'Vrcd. Ureal, li/j M. to the S., baa a cnrious 
<^hurcb of ths ll-13th centuiiea. The town or Laon coine» in siglit 
otitheright. At(84M.) Ciaq;-JtfoB< we join tbelina from Tergnjir. 

87 M. lAO-n. — The Railway SUtlon Is in tbe la war part of Ito 

I'OBn^ctlng bro^cb' Is about to be opened (oump. ^lan.. 

HotaU. Da u Hdbk (F1. a> 0, 1], Rua dii Banrg; Rnl ■ db - Fiuiill 
(PI. b; C. 1), UB 11 BakhiUB (PI. 0; C, 1), Kao David, r - - 

Nono (PI, d; D, 1), opposite the atatiun, pens. Ti/i fr. - 
ComiHt, Place dc I'Satel-de-Tillei at the rSui d« Itord, ai 

Oabi. FmiD tha ililioD to lae town i fr, ; per drive 
t'b fr. 12 fr. beyond the octroi-Ilmils). Doable fare after ] 

Laon , a fortress of the third cUss, with 14,629 inbab., is tb» 
eapltal of the department of the Aim't, and from before 600 UII 
ITHt) was the seat of a bishop, socond in rank to the Arcbbishop of 
Ubeims ilone. The town ia built in the midst of ai " _' " , 

on a long, Isolated hill running E. and W., and carving towards the 
^. at tbe W. end so aa to form the curious valley mentioned at p. 110. 

l.aoD la tlie Laudunvm of the Bomani. It waa a favourite luiduM of 
■ e middle ages lis history is mainly a n^ 

''.rd of th 


m aEaloat Uii 
a 1110 liU 1__ , 
liie war of Ihe I.6sgi._. . 
irajls of £aon bj Bldehei 
limyy loaa. In iS 


their I 

[STaLaoD capitnlaUd tc 

, . The EngUih OB«upi( 

,.jd severely in the later religlooa w 

,rcb, lSU,¥lajo\M«^i'^ 4«l«itoi^mia»r^ 

to Namur. LAON. i5. BouU. 109 

— Laon WM the birthplace of the Abh^ Marquette, who discovered the 
HiBBisflippi in 1078, and of Marshal S^rarier (see below). 

The carriage-road ascends in carves to the left from the end of 
the avenne opposite the /Station (PI. D, 1); hnt pedestrians may 
mount directly to the (1/4 hr.) beginning of the town, by means of a 
stairway with 263 steps, interrupted occasionally by inclined planes. 
A little farther on we turn to the left into the Rue du Bourg, which 
leads to the cathedral. 

On the right side of the street is the public Library (open daily 
1 to 4 or 5, except Sun..& holidays'), a short distance beyond which 
is the Place de rH6tel-de-Ville (PI. 0, 1), embellished with a bronze 
Statue of Marshal SSrurier (1742-1819), by Doublemard. 

The Rue da Bourg, continued by the Rue GhUelaine, leads to the 

church of *NoTaB-DAMB (PI. D,2), still called the Cathedralj though 

the bishopric of Laon was suppressed at the Revolution. A church 

existed on this flue site at the beginning of the 12th cent., but it was 

burned down in 1112, and the present building, one of the most 

interesting churches in the N. of France, dates Arom the 12-14th 

centuries. It has been thoroughly restored by E. Boeswilwald (d. 1896). 

The length of the church (outside measurement) is 397 ft, the breadth 

across the nave is 67 ft, across the transepts 178 ft. ; the vaulting is 

78 ft. high. The characteristic feature of this church is its fine group 

of lofty towers and spires. The ^Fa^ade^ a masterpiece of pure Gothic, 

is flanked by two bold and graceful towers, 180 ft high, which 

were originally surmounted by spires. The lower part of these 

towers is square, the upper octagonal, while above the buttresses at 

the angles rise belfries of two stories, adorned on the second story 

with figures of oxen, in memory of the animals who dragged the 

stones from the plain to the site of the building. It was originally 

intended to erect two similar towers at each end of the transepts, 

but only two of these have been completed (190 ft high). The 

square lantern-tower above the crossing, 130 ft. high, is now crowned 

by a low pyramidal roof instead of the original tall spire. 

The Interiob vies in interest with the exterior. The transepts are also 
divided into nave and aisles, which, like those of the nave itself, are 
separated by substantial cylindrical columns, from the capitals of which (all 
sculptured differently) slender columns rise to the vaulting. The aisles 
are furnished with lofty galleries beneath the triforium; the chapels at 
the sides were added in the 18-14th cent., but the screens at the entrances, 
filled into the arcades of the former windows, date from the 16-17tti cent- 
uries. At the end of each transept is an andent chapel of two stories. 
The E. end of the choir, pierced by a rose-window and three other win- 
dows, is square, as in English cathedrals, a form which frequently recurs 
in the churches of this diocese and is said to be due to the influence of 
an Englishmui who held the see in the early part of the 12th century. 
There are rose-windows also above the W. and N. portals, but not above 
the 8. portal. The stained glass in the rose-windows and in the windows 
on the 8. aide is good. The carved wooden pulpit dates from the Renaissance. 

The PdSaiB de Justice (PL D, 2), to the left of the choir, [was 
formerly the bishop's palace (13th cent). It reta\iv% te^^ t^xhwv^v^ 
)f a Gothic eloiflter. 



t)0 Boult 15. LAON. 

Tlie Ruella des Templiera, tlie xpmtiH street to the rtglit of ll,c 
K»e du'Clottre beyond Nolro-Dame, leids us into another p&i&llnl 
street rnnning from the Place rle I'Hfitel-dB-Villa to the Clladet [PI. 
E, 2; uninterBBting]. 

Opposite thB 'Rnelle' ia the Hmis (PI. D, 2), In & tiuilduig al 
tlie side of a garden eairoundlng a, Cliapel of the Templars, of the 
12th contnty. The Musifo is open to the public on Thiirs. A Sun., 
1-6 (1-4 in winter}; on other ilaya on application. It nontiins 
antiquities discoTsred in the nelgbhourhaod (mosaic of Orpbeus ami 
the animals, of the 2nd cent. A.D.), small bronzes, antique vasee, 
and some ancient and modern paintings. The mathle BtalQe of 
Gahrielle d'Eatr^ea (d, 1500}, mistress of Henri [V, is noteworthy. 
From the Prfuncnades to the 8. of the Mnsfle a charming •View 
Is ohtained of the opposite side of the hill of Laon, entirely diffeceiil 
from that commanded by the station. The hill here, with Its steep 
sides, encloses a V-shaped Taliey or ravine, partly wooded and 
partly covered vrith gardens and vineyards, which is known as tlio 
^ce dt St Vincent (PI. B, C, 2). The 13th cent. Gothic gatBw»y 
seen here (Porte d'Ardon ; PI. D, 2) is a relic of the early fortiflo»- 
lions. Farther to the W. is the Frlfeeture (PI. C, D, 2), in the formn 
Abbayu St. Jean. A street leads hence to the Place de rH6tel-de' 
Villa, near which is the Parle dea Chenitelltf (PI. 0, 2), another 
13th cent, gateway (restored in 1895). Other interesting old bnild- 
ings are to be seen in different parts of the lown. 

de-ViHe to tbe Ckurch of St. Aforlin (P1.B,1,2), al the other end of 
the town, an ancient collegiate church in the Transition style, with two 
transeptal towers, built in the 13th century. In the interior, to the 
right of tbe entrance, ia a tomb in black marbla, with a recumbent 
statue, erroneously described as that of a Sire de Coucy (p. 104). The 
white marble tomb opposite bos a fine statue representing the widow 
ofone of the Sires de Coney, wbo died as an abbess in 1333. A oliapel 
on the S. side of the nave, with a atone screen of tbe Kenaissance 
period, contains an Ecce Homo of the 18th centary. The modern 
pulpit and the ancient ehoir-Etalls deserve notice. 

In the neighbourhood is the Lycf.efVl.'S, 2), a modem building. 
Outside the town on (Ma side, at the S. end of the heights forming 
the 'onve', is tbe fonner Mhaye SI. Vineenl (PI. B, 0, 3), now oc- 
cupied by military engineers. 

FiDK Laos to Lfut i lUiUra'CI-iK-tttUk), .^ H-. In IV'j br. — TUi 
line raiUTit (8M.}Lla>iB flVDfj Boii; CUmal Bhme), a villaee ramous for 
Ihs mfmcnlQiu image nF Solri-JkMM-di-Llme^ dating from the I3th eaiiL, 
wMeh baa Iode been a fairnnite object of ptlBrlnngsi, The dmnh ww 
hidJIla Ibe tt-lBtb ceDiailet. — itMtal (mall iUMoat am puiod, tndiid- 

lie (ft X.} MimlcBnut^ a small town wiBi \ TiAntft. tjuAVbi'iV **>«« wd 

■^•nalBi ol forliaoatiooa of lholBl.b cetLton. - Wft- "^' ^^^^^JsJ* ^ 

™on( (onnimiBi bot lli 

i(X9, where It will ioii 

■ OB, 5 fr. fifi i-.J. Thi 

Die line is to oa ohhk" "-^ -" uYriW«?r 
■hia roounUy EomB\M«i ''■'^'' » 

•■llBi d[ the OUi. — SlH. 

The Olie la aosati, and siTsnl uoidl lUtJoaa are 

FiDm (IVi X.) Waaignt, on IliH line fnim Burigii! 10 Hirign. 
Inina run ibect, via (W M.) «. SmpM lo Ls Gitaki, wbila othac 
nnka a delour vti Buslgn;. — J8>/t H. Xs ObImh, isb p. 106. — 
riglit \» the line lo Usubt^uee (p. 1116). — lU H. Solimri <Goleil 
> lineD-miDuaeliitinE place viA 8322 IntmliltsnU. To O&mtirai 
. see II. BH. -- We eontinae lo tnTetto an Industrial dlitrlcl, 
DBroiia BUtiQds. — 6S M. iViHicr-i'AuiU Ig Ihb juncUaii for So- 
,onrches. — 70 M, FalmcisBMJ, nee p, 79. 
ifWnu, sa.! R. 18. 
t SeyoDii Laoii tlie line to Hiison snon diverges to the left from 
(bftt to Rheims. From (96 M.) Derey-MoTlieTi a brancli-liiiB tune 
to La PSra (p. 98}. We aeceiid the Tslloy of the Serre. Beyond 
(102 M.) Marit the train passes from the v jley of tha Serra to that 
of tha Vilplort. — HI M. Torviag (Lion JOrJ, » towii with 33fil 
iiihali. and the remains of (oruier foitiflcSitianB , Ie noted foi thu 
ttealy coneludad here in 1598 between Henri IT and Philip II. of 
Spain, Baekat-maMng and straw- plaiting ace carried on by the 
inbabllatits. — 119 M. Orignyen'ThicTadit. la Thiirachc was tha 
name ^vau to this dlEtrict haeaasa fiom 696 to 613 it formed part i 
of the domains of Thierry, King of Burgundy. Its capital was Gniaa J 
(p. 106> — The Tatley of the ViOn is now croesad by means of » I 
viaduct, 60 ft. high. t 

m M. Hiraon (Baffel), see p. 100. — l'26Vi M. Anor {Cloche ' 
d'Ot; dt la Garej, a picturesquely situated town with 46S0 inhah. 
Kttilway to .iulnoyo andValeiiciBtinps,eee pp. 100-99. Oor liiieleavts 
the tatter to the left, aud tuns towards the E. — 132 M. Momignict 
is the first Belgian statiou (oUBtom-hoiiae esamination). — 140 M. 
Chimay (Hot. de rUnivers), a town with 30D0 Inhab., has a chitoau 
belonging to the Prince of Chhnay and a statue of Frolsiarl, (he 
I hronioler (d. 1410), — 160 M. Maritmbtmrg. Roilwa)- to (29'/a M.) 
(.iiarleroi, sae p, 108; to (lO'/a M.) Viceui, Bee p. 113. — 158 M. 
Homirit, the junction for Chatelineau-Morialmtf. — 164m. floiie/w. J 
I'.ranch to Qbat |p. 113). — im M. Aghnont-Village. At(169M.).l 
Ha^tiin we join the line from Givet lo Namur (p. 113). 1 

Parts to (154 M.) Af«i(TC3-Cl.arieri[U, sea ft,^. Vft, "AJi.. 
UJwir loan heelns (o deatend the plMoieni* "^»S*'a ""^ '*^'' 
rid B, eiiremity of (he Ardemit, k lorion tonnra^^^™'?'''' 
n«a« la ^"'','«">''l''l"e on this side Ulls nearly IWO ft.-b.\t5>- ^'S?^ 
JKSd^Si'« '/'"'/,. "."^"^ between lofty alWe-tUtta. ta^Sii?. ^^""^^^ 
^B>ui ilopa, ,o tbe ieiyh, of hundred feet, aofi oUt» s-W^^M 

Tbe ndlmr mw MIm ika 0^ buk of A* Jf mm m mkt 
MM«an<. timTMri>e tte pcatenb oT M«M Olpip* («ea Mm). 
Ifie H. VoMHo, pknraifaeir ri l— l**. wiA fiCDO inbk. it n 
Inponutt cMMi* of Aa B«t*lBe inAaibT of tba nUrr. IGI U. 
Jelfitf-mir-MatH. — 164 H. Bnaa-htrrtaf. !%• fafiga to tt 
Ltmsfi Braux U on At oppMiW bank of dm dicf. Tla litw a»w 
anl«n one of tbe mist pfttorcs^se paiti of Ike «■!]«;. Uta SorAni 
del Ouofn-fiti-^yman it« pJarMd bj * MbdoI 560 j4a. kag. 
Tha'FoalSoiliof Ajdiod'. Baomd, Oniaraid, AdAud, uidRic&ud, 
'pram r-htTiUen' of the court of Cbu1«a>>gii«, ue the haroao of 
v*rioiu lenukable adieoiuret tclitcd in DOBarou th*imii> and 
leKeodi of tbe middle igee. Tfaey were in the habit of tidiii( nt 
behiad tbe otbsr on the woaderfn) bona Birud, piaiantod W 
them bj the faity OrUnde. ~ ISl'/s U. Vonlherm^-CtfilaM-Bir- 
rwHfU-Boimv, the station for the lodttitrial vilUgM of Ot jteou-Bcf' 
nauU on the light bank, «nd Bogny on the left. 

■sBllinBl (fi-^M dr la Pan. bj Ihe brfdeej, an IsdutriaJ tUUcc wItt 

U at Lweldln CKe Ik 


jiiiietloB wilfa ihe A«Kf, whleli ci 

PeJulriina will nnd Ihs Tiller Inl 

. _. fai u B ._ 

be^cnd La[four eomei la titlil o 

=»«r part. A . 


*iU«Ba, or area ID 

/la'mu ift Akwf (>ee bf low). Sli.Ancl>ompi. 

Tbs Taller e' tbi Bamer, aUll norE tin 
ulTera muiy piclnretgaa oafula, upedallT ii 
road lra<ar>ei the FremJi part of tbn vaila, , . 
tVh MX and la HmHa-SltUrt, (B M.i HoMl), - T 
••tfMIMr bo eilBBdad lo "-" -■-—-"■ 
BoniUon tp- 1^1}- 

Beyond Montfaetm^ station we croee to the left bank of lh« 
Meuse by moaoB of a bridge and a tunnel '/i '^- ^""Si penotratiiig 
the panlnenla of MonthermS. — 167 M. Deaille, with targe slate 
iinairtea. On the right rise the fine Clijfi af Lai/bur. Beyond 
(l6V/iM.)LaifouTi!eibiligetDiatiiiiai\, &40 yds. loug. On (La 
lofl iin the ni/^i ojlhc Damta delHeaie, Another bridge and tuiudi 

i7iM. B*via{H8l. Letom, de la Qare^ both el the BtBtioD),«) 
Indaatrial town with 4690 inbaTi., ooca^'iM, ViVd tn* ft'^^-t^unc 
tnJalng the BfstJon, two peniBBiilas loimeil. Vj tiae *.-i«. \v^^^ 
two *uapen«lon- bridges. The Mont Malflrt-Tou.lj^^«*S 

io Namw. GIVET. 15. Route. 113 

A DiLiOBNCE (l^/i fir.)pUea from Bevin to Roeroi (Sdtel du Commerce) ^ 
. .jrtifled town wltn 2190 inhab., situated on a plateau about 1300 ft. 
above the lea-leyel, 8 M. to the W. It is noted for a brilliant victory 

won by Cond^ over theSpaaiards in 1648, but contains nothing of interest. 
— An omnibuB plies also from Bocroi to Le Tremblois (p. 100). 

The railway erosies the Meuse once more and traverses the isth- 
mus of Revin. A subterranean canal about 1000 yds. long also 
crosses the isthmus, cutting off the circuit of 3 M. made by the river. 

180 M. Fnmaj (H6tel de la Qare), a town with 6280 inhab., is 
situated about 3/4 M. to the N.E. of the station (omn. 25 c), on an 
Of al-shaped peninsula. It contains several important iron-works, 
and in the neighbourhood are the largest slate -quarries in the 
valley. The Church is a handsome modern Gothic erection. 

Beyond Fumay the train enters a tunnel, 600 yds. long, from 
wbleh it emerges on the bank of the river near the town. 183 M. 
ffaybeSf also with slate-quarries. 187 M. Vireux-Molhain is the 
junction of a line to Gharleroi vi& Mariembourg (p. 111). In the dis- 
tance, to the left, appears the picturesque ruined Chdteau des Hierges. 
-*- 189 M. Aubrives. A little farther on the river makes another 
iMnd, ent off by the railway and a partly subterranean canal. We 
appzoaob Qiv et by a tunnel below the citadel. 

194 M. Oivet (Buffet; Grand Hotel d' Angleterre^ new, R. 2-4, 
B. 11/4, dfl. or D. 3^2 &• i^^cl. wine; Mont-d'Or; Ancre)^ with 
7100 inhab., is situated on both banks of the Meuse, about ^2 M. 
to the light of the station. The fortifications were demolished in 
1892^ with the exception of the citadel of Charlemont^ perched on a 
roek 700 ft. bigh, on the W. side, and so called because founded by 
Chailes Y. Givet became French at the close of the 17th century. 
The composer Mihul fl 763-1817) was bom here, and a statue was 
erected to him in 1892 near the station. The best view of the 
piotnresque town is obtained from the bridge uniting it with Oivet^ 
Notre^Dame, the suburb on the right bank. The citadel, which 
commands another fine view, is reached by a rough path ascending 
ftom the S.R. side of the town, or by a carriage-road from the sta- 
tlon, crossing the line and ascending to the N. 

At Fromelennes^ 2V2 M. to the E., is the Trou de Nichet^ a curious 
cavern accessible to visitors. — From Givet an omnibus (1 fr.) plies daily 
to (8 M .) Beauraing, whence a visit may be paid to JBeui-eur-Lesse and the 
grotioea at Rothefert (see p. 114). 

Givet is the last French station. The railway still follows the 
valley of the Meuse. The line to Doische (p. Ill) diverges to the 
left. — The Belgian custom-house is at (199 M.) Heer-Agimont 
Belgian time (Greenwich time) is 4 min. behind French time. The 
Une to mrson (p. Ill) diverges to the left. ^ 2OIV2 M. Hasti^re; 
206 M. WauUori, The banks of the Meuse again become roc>V<) ^\v^ 
pictaresqae. On the left is the Chdteau dt Fre^, MiM^^^t qxs.^^ 
Wood of Fnyr, with a stalactite grotto (adm» i ttrj. Ciw ^Xs^^ ^^- 
]iosil0 hMnk lies Anaeremme^ at the mouth oi t^^ \-.^*^^ ^- \\^ 
Mud on the SMme side is the bold and \so\aueL rotV Yxv^viw ^^ ^^^^ 
B^DSKJis'3 Northern France, 8rd R.Ut. ^ 


Hoelie & Bayard (the ti&mBof lh« horse nf llie Qiistre ViU Aymon 
see p. 112> 

211 M. Diuant f'mut da I'oetti; 'The JOr;, » town witli 
7400 Inhab., Is very pictures quel y altu&ted iit the bsse of buien 
limestone tUtla, the summit of whlcb is crowned hy s tbrtrsBB. The 
oliuicli of Notre~Dume is t bandsDme ediflce of the 13th cent., in 
the Gothiii style. A tllgbt of 408 alepe Mcends to the Oiladel (adm. 
50 c.) ; attTBctWe but limited view. The cHlT-scetieiy of the neigh- 
bourhood 1b interestldB. See Bardeher's Belgium and Holland. 

Feoii DiHAKT TO 1lD.^nErgst IHnn ; Jumello), 30'/t M., tAlLwiy unAel 
uonitrugliOD, opened lo (IS H.J Eprme, wbiob is a>/i U. ti,.iB llie QnlU 
lie Hen (tea beloiT). Recbefcrt (IIIUl Eirom SteiU) ia a amill town 
nolehle cblofly for iU •OroHo, one of the lergeal limulone civetoa liBOwn 
(tam. 4 fT„ laduuMan tor iirlles). An ORiiiibui pli« recularly in aanDuii 
frum BoulmrBit lu Han-iiu-Lexe (BIlUMj, abaui SVi H. ta ibe B.W., 
tvliicb bu B (till larger Mvem, ibc -Qivnc dt fian, tbruiieb wbioh lt< 
/.UH tomes to w»y (idid. 7fr.; i«g ur mote 6 fr estb), Fi.r fulbH 
ABMla «Dd fur the rkUwiy IVum Huebefort to O'li H.) ./(niKt uid (36>A *J 
Nanmr, etc., lee fla»dci<rV B4lfHiiH aid mUani. 

Beyond DJnant, to the left, lies Boui'lgnt, one of the most Mt- 
cient towns of the distiict, formerly eagsged in conetant f^uds witb 
Dinenl The old mined tower of CriveeoeuT is cooipicuoae hers- 
Knrther on , nesi the mined uhitean of Poilvadie, the line craaaes 
the Meuse. — 316 H. fvotr, about !>/:! M. (o the W. of whicb is tbi 
mined castle of *Moniaigie, the llaest relic of the kind in Belgiuin. 
— Then, on Iho left the Roche aux Corjietlki ('Roche bus Chauwei' 
ill the patoia of the district) so called from the flocke of jackdiwt 
which iiaiially hover nea.r it. — Beyond ■ tunnel is the station of 
TailUftT. — On the left the old citadel of Namnr is seen; on the 
right diverges the line to Liiiemboiug, The MeuEe Is croseed for Bie 
last time; to the right is the railway to Ll^ge. 

226 M. TlKaw (*mtel d'Haracamp), the strongly fortifledcapltil 
of the province, with 32,000 inbah., lies at the confluenoe of die 
Sambre and the Matte. The chief building is the Cathedral, erected 
In the 16th century. Ne« the station Is a Statut of Ltopotd I, \j 
Oeei^. See Baedeker's Belgium and Holland. 

16. Prom Paris to Bheinu. 

ft. T14 Haanx and L& Ferti-Mllon. 

tJ7 H. 1Uti.»>t (Gare do rEili V]. 0, 2t) in "i-i bts. (fares IT h. U, 
Hrr.90, 7fr. TOc). 

I'Fom Paris to (311/? M.J Trilporl, seo it. 19. 'I'he Rheimi line 
'iiveiges to the N. from that to Ohnlons, and beyond (3&V2 H.) 
Jflei-Armtnliires crossE^a the Mame and then ascends the valley of 
the Ourcq. Three small stations. 

50 M. La Faiti-Kilon f flfit. du SoMvageK a small town on the 
Ourcg, KM the birthplace of Hacint ^Vft?.'4-'4'4"^, ftit, (a»sn».«it. In 

VILLERS-COTTERETS. 16, Route. 115 

rains of the CaaUt^ Including one entire side and four large towers, 
date mainly from the 14th century. The churohes of 8t. Nicolas 
(Gothic and Benalewnee) and Notre-Dame (12th and 10th cent.) 
contain good stained glass of the 16th cent., etc. 

Brandi-liaes nm hoiee to (8i/s M.) ViUtrt-OotUriU (see below) and to 
(17>/t M.) OhdUau-ThUrrp (p. 188) via Oulcby-Breny (see below). 

67 M. NeuOly-Si-Front, — 61 V2 M. Oulchy-Breny, — 68 M. 
Vtoe-en-TtodenciB (H6t duPot d^EtcUn) has an interesting church. 
On a hill, 1^/4 M. to the N., rises a picturesque ruined Castle^ built 
in the 18ih cent, hut altered in the 16th by the Constable Anne do 
Montmoxenoy. — Beyond Fere the train quits the valley of the Ourcq 
by means of a long and deep cutting. — 7672 ^* Mont'Notre'Dame^ 
with a ehnzeh of ti^e 12-1 3th cent, and an 18th cent, chateau. Wo 
cross the VeaU, and Join the line from Soissons (see below). — 
77Vs M. BoMoehM, with a ruined castle (12-1 3th cent.). — 71 M. 
lUmes^ a small town, the Fines Suesaionum of the Romans. The 
railway from Epernay is seen on the right. — 97 M. Rheims (Buffet), 
see p. 118. 

h. Vik Soissons. 

9MM. Railway (Qare duNord; PI. B, 0, 23, 2i) in 21/2-^/4 ^^b. (fareft 
17 fir. oB, 11 fr. 90, 7fr. 70 c.). — For faTther details as far as Cn«py-en- 
Valoia, see Batdeier^t Bandbook to Farit. 

The train trayerses the district of La Chapelle, quits Paris near 
St Oven, and at (21/2 M.) La Plaine-St-Denia divergea to the right 
from the main Ligne du Nord. 472 ^' AuberviUierS'la-Coumeuve. 
•— 6 M. £*« BowrgeUDrancy, Lo Bourget, to the left, was the scene 
of sanguinary struggles between the French and Germans on Oct. 28 
-30th and Dec. 24th, 1870, in which the former were repulsed. — 
We now cross the Ligne de Grande Ceintore and reach (9^2 ^v) 
Aylnay-Vta-Bondy (p. 136). On the right is the forest of Bondy. 
The train skirts the Canal de VOwrcq. — 21^2 M. DammaHin^ near 
which is the ColUge de JuiUy, founded by the Oratorians in the 
17ih century. — 2672 ^* Le PLesaia-BeUeviUe, In the park of the 
ch&tean ot ErmenonvUU, 3 M. to the left (omnibus, 1 f^.), is the 
original tomb of Jean Jacques Rousseau, whose remains were re- 
moved to the Pantheon at Paris in 1794. 

40 M. Oripy-en-Valois (TroM Pigeons, unpretending) was the 
ancient capital of a district which belonged from the 14th cent, to 
a younger branch of the royal family of France. Branch-railways to 
Ohantilly and CJompi^gne, see pp. 101, 103. 

4272 M. VamioUe. — 4872 M. ViUers-Ootterets (Buffet; mtel 
duDaiufhin), with 4772 inhab., was the birthplace of Alexandre 
Dmuu the Elder (1802-70\ to whom a statue, by A. Oarrier-B«U- 
ense, was erected here in lo85. The ancient Clidteau^ ic^^xkiXX. -aw^^'c 
Franeis L but disilgnred in the 18th cent., is uont % -^oot-'Hi^s^^^^ 

A }Maeh'2iae rans hence iiirongh the Perut of yilUrs-GoU«reU ^^««^' 
an/ exeanioBM) to (8i/a M.) La FerU-MiXtm (p. 114^. — Ua\\NN;sLV ^^^ V\«^*^^' 
fim4» tmd Compiigne, tee p, iOB. 

■SD18SON8. ^nmK^^ 

56 M. Loni/pont (hotels) has a rained Abbey, dating ham the 
12th tentnry. — Beyond CBS'/e M.J Vienv the train naverses t 
tunnd, ii}iwards of ^/^ M. in lenph, and le&ckes (62 M.} Btny. 
On the left mna the line from Compiftgne to Soisions. 

06 H. BoilBOna. — Hotel*. Liun Rouoe, Rue St. HsfUo 5T, B. 3-11, 
11. I'/i-l'/i, dij. 3, D. ai/i, Dnm. Vi fr.; Cbqu d'Ob, line SI. ChriilS|ihe- 

I Bt^fi, With had 

Qi^ ■ 

1-3 peri. 16 c, 3 pers. 1 fr. 10, i pen. 1 fr. BO e.-. 
ouuiQB ue ocmii-iimili snj olio per Lr., IVz, 2, or S'/i fc. 

iSoiiioni, an ancient town fonneily fortified, with 1'2,373 inhab., 
ie situated on the Ainu, )/g M. from the ataldDn. It i^anies un > 
coneiderable grdn-trade, and is noted foi its haricot-beans. 

SOIJSOna is generally IdeuUrisd wiUi ^^MfodimwB, the thief town u( tlm 
HnesrtOBoa, menlioned by Oirnir, ciilefl nndar Hie early empire AvtaiU 
SuutitiuM, Bad tfterwnrda Smiitna. It li eelebrited fur the defeat of Iki 
Bomana Roder SyMriasln 1S6 by Clovis. tinder tlie Kriinki Soiaaaos woles 

notoriety Tot the ^rRai number of sieges U has DnrlAr>.rtiip. tlip rtvnrH atar 

uf Ihieedaya. SS.6clapiD aDdCriapiniaii are said la 
Sore In 287, ind their aiisresjor St. Siniee is rega 

of aoluoae. 


indu^il B< 

Turning to the left as we enter the town proper, wa roach the 
annient Abbey of SI, Jfim-dei-Vignel, in which Thomas k BecLel 
spent nine years. I'hs chief part now remaining is the 'Poftiil 
or W. fa;ade, in the style of the 13lh rent., flanhed by haodsome 
towers of a later date (16-16tb nent.), rising with their spires to the 
height of 230 and 24fi ft. — The first Mde-atreet to the left as we te- 
lurti from the abbey leads to the centre o1 the town. 

The 'Catliedrai, whioh rises on the right a little farther on, ii a 
line eiample of mixed Romanesque and Oothic of the 12-13th cuit- 
lliies. Tbe W. facade, with three doors and a beautiful Qolhin rne- 
window, Is Hanked on the S. side by a tower 215 ft. high. There it 
a cnrions antique portal on the S. aide, terminating in an apse, and 
adjoined by a circular sacristy of two stories. The admirably propor- 
tionedlnteiior ortbeebnrch c-ontsinssome tapestry of the 15tb eenL, 
an Adoration of the Shepherds, attributed tolfnhens, and a few tombs 
of historical interest. The stained glass is good. 

The QaMe fiouw, Kue de la Buerie i% beyond the oathedral, 
ani\ the Porln rfu ColUi^t (14th rent.), in the Rwe du Oall»ge, nuy 
be noticed. 

The Theatre Is situated In the Grande Place, to which the ilnel 
skirting the front of the L^athedral leads. From the Place we mil 
enter (to tbe right) a long stteel WmsTBlii^ fee witlte lowft, iliJ 
'•■oatainlng seyeral edifices of iiiteT6&l. Tte ^b^)Q■a^ Bl. V.Sqe»,t 
occupied by a BSDifnaty, was eiecttd itiAe Vifec«M_,mA 
aesses remains of eloistets bulU in tha^,«ia^(ii\(i"M"TO? 
1 ^o/«iadeof tlicrhunh datts fr»m Hia lltVw.tvVMtl-' 

^^■SIHF BRAISNli. 10. Ito\ 

.It Vilk (ISlU i^BLitO, new tlis N.E. eitreaiily of tli 
a libtsry of 50,000 vola. on Ibe grnnndfloor, and a small Muife 
Ibe flret Onor. The court is embellished nHh a. bioHEe GtB.tue, 
Duret, of FaiUrl, the idYoeate (d. 1806), & oatiTa of Soisaone. — 
The Abbaye Nolre-Dame, at the end of the Kue du Commerce, ia 
now nsod as a harraofc. Fonnded originally in 660, this convanl 
contained la 8!i8 no fewer than 216 nona, who possessed a Talnable 
ctollection of MSS. and raiious sacr«d relies, Inelading a slioe and a 
girdle of the Madonna. The fame of St. Draneln, who was buried 
in the abhey, and whoas tomb was said to render invincible all who 
fpent I night upon it, rendered the nbnrch a TavonritB 
pilgrims. —- In the neighbonring Plsice da St. Pietre are the scanty 
remains of the Romanesque Church of 8t, Pierre (12tli cent.). 

On Ihs rigbl basli of Uie Alaue la situaUd the euburh of St. Taml, 

anA a little farlhet down Is the himlet ol Bl. Hidard. fi '- ' 

weallhj "" 

300,00o"^l'^!m°. ,___ 

tUB Iflth eanl. (IfifiB), anA ita alta ia now Dtwupled b; a Deaf and Dttab 

cell Id which Lawla Iho DehoD^i la aj^d In have pin«d 1^), and a tuwsr 
repnlBd to haTa ^ean Ibe prison of Abdlard, Itaa iuaerlplioii on IbD wall 
ufUiB former [a not older Iban the llth DenlTirT. 

Kallway lo Contpliaae, ase p. 103; to j^asn, aee p. lOS. 

Itoyond Soissons the line to Rlieims dlTerges to the right fconi 
Ibe Laon railway, and ascends the valley of the Aisne to (72 M,J 
CiTy-Strmoise, whore it enters thai otita tribtttary the Vwie.— 76 M. 
BraiiTK, a laiga village 1/3 M. to the N.W., contains, in the ■OftunA 
''f 81. Tvtil, one of the most interesting eiamples of early Freneh 
Ijotliio (l'2tb cent.) oa applied to coantry-ahoiches in the N.E. of 
France. This abbey-ehnrch strongly resembles in style the cathedrals 
of Laon and Trityes; but unfortunately the porch and part of the 
nave have been destroyed. — 80 M. Baxacliei, and thence to(99'/l^') 
Shtinu (BiiSet), see p. ilG. 

,_ _jllby afahev. TUa abbey played a leading part eveu nndeF 

IbB Uemvinglao and OaroJIoflan kings, and In IGSO It waa rldted by 

c. Ti& Epemay. 

101 V. Baiiwai in 3V(-4Vi Iits. (Sxret as above). Tlia traina it*M froB 
tlie "are de TEai (FI. C, 21), 

From Paris lo C88 M.) Ppemdy, see R. 19. — The railway tB 
Itheims trends to the left and orosses the Marat and the parallel 
canal. At [90 M.) Ay, or Ai (H6t. des Voyagenre), champaene of 
nxcellent quality is produced, and we are now in the centra of the 
ohajDpagne vineyards, 92 M. Asemn/, The country now becomea hilly 
jind wooded. Beyond (97 M.) Germaint we thread a tonnel 2 M. 
long beneath the Mont Joli (900 (t.), the Ufe^sat fwiW nt iVn «>- 
laJleJ Xgntagne de Rhelmi. lOO M. KiUK-ia-Monlom'fte it \iWV»*i. ^w 
its red tod wbSle trinflc. We now h ave & fliate-Tit 'rtft'M Q^ Wo-Aovt ^s> 
-jrfffir. The train orosses the Vesle auA l\\o Ma^W ^«* Uo-w* 
" "■ ■ ■'(Buffet^ seep.118. '^ 


- i07 M. S/,ch 

L., A A. I'G, E. i'U-l'h, D. 5 Incl. nine, t""!. lO-jG &.; Gbahd H^ti. 
(PI. HI C, 1); Hatsov Bodeb (PI. ct C,4), E. £ A.B.iff. Bi/i, D. Ift'.t 
UD OoMMiKQE (PI. di 0,S, I); tta«a« fciur mwr Aa oatliMnU. HStu be 
~1. ei B, 3), Plico bronel 76, near He BUllon; •dk i,'EiTitaPB, Bbh 
29(Pl. BiB.B-i), comioerdal, K. ftgrni B.^/i, d^.aV'. D.2'/ifr. 
IB, peni. trOD. 6>>, omn. V* ft. i nn Nobd ftl. f ; B 3), Bbbskb ^e 
l-Erlon 76 knd 81: an Oiuupaore, Baul. .le la H^pabUqos 13. 

le i'a6u 

Imurg, Kne de TEtt^ 18. —Si 

1 lliG len ii 

e Plww 

rEiftpa ^, Mj. avh »■ ai/j'fr.T'^ir^ 

fr., 3-1 ps». IVif^-i Willi two hoHei, 1-1 
_..-. .„ p.™. to e B.m. , In winter 7 tm.) 1 fr. «. 
ftr^^Jiour^afr., Sfr-SB, afr.SOc; si night afr.BOe., 

de Lson (PI. B, 1) lo 

t nIgM (10 p 


Sle. Anne or Fli^ehui 
.Cbi*s{P1. B, Site IL. 
n at. Tbomu (PI. B, I 

I tPl. R, 6), 

6). 3 «> 

_ B (fi. B, i to DiBQ-tnniL... ,_..._,_, ,., 

IDS. Fnrea, B c. pai secUon, with miDimmD of 10 c. far Qnd d., 

>t li lelacnpll Offlea [PI. O, 3), Bua'da Oitia 30 [Fl^. s, 8)i Sna 

Sngliah Ohi 

U^, Baifu JViplHn'', Placi 

il, IfdHom.^. FHrkitl, Eiq.i 

— -'- Bue das HuliBODit 

FnRiA Eifcrmed Clmr. 

I. in THmplE. Ohap 

iZ/ieimi, or Reims, one of the meet historic ally interestitig cities of 
Trance, with 107,963 inhsb., is EltQated on the right bank or the Fitle, 
in a plain bounded hy vinD-dad hills. Itlatbe chief centre oftbatisd* 
in champagne, snd also caniee on very important mannfactnies ot 
wodUbd and merino TabricE. 

RlU'mi, the Citilm RcmnrMn Df Cssar, vru an ImpoiiaDl town even andCT Bomui. Tha VanAala aiptared It in 400, and manyred St. Klcuini, 
und AttlU alBLi destniyad (he town. On Chrlltmai Day, 496, Olavlg wat 
hapUsed ben by ft. Bemlglua, Uiahnp of Bheiina, with glut maeniaaeDH. 
In thalOth cent. Bbdml nos a ceolra of learning, and &Dmthel2lb eenl. 
it lias been Ibe plane of coronation of the Franah klngi (tea p. 130). The 
Unglisb attacked the town In lain In 1360, bnt It wai ceded to (hem by 
the Treaty of Troyei In 1420. Joan of Are, huwevar, aeain eipelleil 
them and eauaerl Cturlei VII. to be dnly crowned here like big anceitors. 
Bliaimi sided with the League, but alter the battle of Iviy 11 opened its 
^ales to Henri IV. In the IBth cent. Bhelmi, where tbcra wm an Kag- 
Jitb tamimrj, was a great centra of the Buman Catliotia activity ag^ujt 
Vueea JfJJzabelb and EngUnd, In l&l>^7i ^^. vu otia^i&'n.j \Vb Qwrnane, 

, Tbevatblug and combine ofoift ftn* woq\«»».*. in. «* ■"'Vra.Vu*™ 
■frnerlBaa, eashineree, and, Itie fine Oamne^ !qt ;"»™. » 
I* firms. Ifeagrt. Holdm * Son oIBTaAtutft, ^"^"^ 


bne unil nt Cruii-ltDiiliaii (p. 8S}. Cannected wllL their Bhelnis uUti- 
liihinaDl <B > culODf of akDut 100 Engllnh people, !:r «1 " " 
vMu a Dhnnli, Mhooli, ud a rudlng an^recre&llon re 

In the iq^ntre In front of the station (PI, B, 3) is a bioDze sUtne. 
by QoillaumB, of Cotbert (1619-8:-!], the Ulnatrioua minister of 
I,oBis XIV,, who was bom »t Rheims; and in the Placo Drouet- 
d'Erlon, Banked by arcades, which leads thence to the S.W. towards 
the town, U a statue of Marshal Droutt-d'EHon (1765-1834), also a 
nntl^flofRhBiniB, by Houliet, Beyond the Chmeh of St. Jainei(Vl.B, 
C, 4}, dating from the 13tb, 16tb, and 18th cent., we reach tlie Rue 
de Veal e, in which, to the left, arc the Theatre uni i\iti Patait dt Jus- 
tice. The short street betwoen these two buildings leads direct to 
the cathedral, in i^ont of which rises a imall equestrian statue of 
Joan of Are, by Paul Dubois (1896). 

The "Cathedral ot ffotrf-Dtimn (PI, 0,4], one of the noblest 
aod nioEt magnificent examples of the early-Ootbic style, was 
founded in 1212 and carried to iU present state with hardly an in- 
termption by tha architects Eob. de Couey and J. d'Oriaii (14th 
cent,). T)ie soperb 'W. Facade, 'perhaps the moat beautifal strac- 
tnre produced In the Middle Ages' (Forgusaon), is adorned with three 
exquisite recessed portals, containing about 530 slatuea, BOmo of 
which, however, have suffered from the ravages otSma. 

'N'otlijdi; can exceed Ibe msjeity of [ti deeply- recHBed porlall, ae 
beanly ot the roae-wliidaw Ihal lurmonnta them, or the elegiDce at tha 
iiallery IbU compJelsi the facade and lervea sa a baiDment to tha liehl 
,ind jraceful towera thai LrD*n the compoaitlon' (Prguitm). 

TUougli the tympana nf the potlala a«, eurloualy enoujh, DccuplEd 
by riiab-vfiJiiovr» In lieu of aculph^raa, the aidea ana overhead vmulnnE 
of the archel, aa well ai tlie gihles ahove them, ace meet elaborately and 
hoaotifuUy adorned with fllalnal and carviBg. Oeuttal Potlal: at the 
tides and In the gahJs, Scunea from iha Ufa of theTirtdni In ihavaulttni;, 

and Jamba, tin months and aeuona, etc.'— Left Facta): at' tha sidei, Pa- 
icDD-»1nt> of the cslbedral, eaardlan angals, tha Bita and aoienceai en 
the Hotel, Oonvcnion of at. Fault 1° tbe gatrle vaulting and adjacent ari^h, 
Scenea from the Faulnn, and tha [nvaDtliin of theCroia. — Bight Portal' 

History of k. Paql; in' Ibe vsulllng and' adjoining nich, Bnd of (ha world 
(TrH-im thn Apocolypsel. 

Tha faijada abo^e the portals in pierced by three large windows, 
the magnlScent 'Rose Windoiu In the centre being nearly 40 ft. In 
iiiroetet, Sotilptura is also lavishly employed; to the left, Christ 
in the gaiae of a pilgrim, to the right, t!ie Virgin; then, the Apostles, ■ 
David, Saul, History of David and Solomon, David and Oollath, ^M 
Still higher, extending quite across the facade, Is a row of il oolossal H 
staCaes In niches, representing tha Baptism of CloTis, In the middle, 
with tiie Kings of Franco at the sldea. The two fine W. 'Towers , 
with their large windows and sBrisI toiteta, wa'ifiT lx.\i'u^. '^V-i 
fplres vera destroyed in 1481 by a fliB wWct eoftS'otaai. liw-o Si-i « 
ochera tbova tha transepts, sparing, howe-^et, Gi»* (^ ^^ t.\iftvte 
'"■.™<' f^Bvet, wbieh fg decotnted with e^gUt co\U6aft\ ^■i.'W.'^^ 
■" ■*■ ■^°'''<'lt with stataes of liisliopa ol a\i«i.Ttt«., e,VQ-*i»i,^H 



l'2(f lioulc 17. liHEIMS. Cathcdrat. 

is also vary One, lieiide it i£ anotber doorwuy, now walled np, tb« 
lympannm of vMcli is filled with a maBteiplGce of tlie etrlf-OvtUc 
period, lepreeanting tlie Last Judgment, the finest fl|;iue in wbloti 
is ibe 'iiesu Dien', or Cbrist in an Bltilade of tienediction Huy of 
tlie flgnree have been mutilated. The 8. traneept U adjoined by lb* 
bishop's palace, and has no portal. — Other noteworthy reatniei tf 
the esterlor are the statues in niches crowning the bnttceww, tlie 
fine Sying hattiesEes themeelree, and the open arcade jnat bslow 
the spring of the roof. 


d ISO ft. bigb. lbs tTsnsBptg ue ahart, and 
" , Tber are placed nearer the E. apse 

ii m n. loBg, 98 n. wide, 
>re divided Into aava ud 

cloicbM, a peculiarity wWch Is eDunlerbafaDeed by eilendJbg Ibe ehofr tu 
M to mnbiacB Dot oily llie crossing, bnt also «wo bays otthB nay*. Aa a 
whole Ibo Interior Is nimpler tlian the eiteriof, aacaptin the framewoTk of 
tie portals, which ate emUellished with 132 slalnea Id nlchea. The aUtnci 
at the prindpnl portal Tepreaect the death of St. Tlicaslus, the arsb- 
bis)iDi>ufEhcimi<p. IIS). HaBtaflheHlodoffsare filled vlth Una slalaed 
glaaa of the IStb eentury. — In lbs nave and transepU are preserved •oma 
valnnbla Upsstty and BBveral pilntiDgB. The fonuei comprise (he "tapiucrlai 

■■-'- -' '■— ' ■ onting scenes fram the Ufa of the 

"°"' .-,„ "Tdoisseriea du Foci Kol 

, . RapbaericartoonsotSl.PauiatLritTa 

and 81. Paiil an Mara Hill. The rallovlni atetbe cblef plctare*^ Id tin S. 
transept, Haltvliy, by Tatlm-im! Christ appearing to Uary Hagdalen, by 
TIHoni Christ and aniielB, bjlaaherei Bhowar DlHanna, by Pmaifn. 1b 
the N. Ireosept, Baptlam ot OlDTis, by AHldt FmJoI: ChritI waahlnt Ibt 
Dlioiplei' feel, by Ifulianii: CrueinTlon, by Otrmain. ~- Tba Clfe*, wftb 
mecbanleal Bguiee, in the S. tfaniept. dBt« from the ISlh antuTy. 

Tbe TrsaiuTi, is open S-ll andS-ft (Bnn. Abolidaya I9.3[>-3) ta riilWn 
provided with ilekeU i&Oc), lobe obtained In the 'saeriiUa dei duUN** 
In IhR left transept. It contains some costly reliquaries and chuieb-pUtB, K 


,e Bulna Ampctili. Tba last Ii 

. Tkh tiiks rjirefully plaeed In a new a<un1e Ampoula, Mil 

^e poesess 

atinle impu 


ealbedral a9 


■ lion -place fo 







ned. almost 



iceptloB,' the 

., who wa. 



"tPnri.'. ."a^L 



, Lonis Philippe, and 

lillppe, and 

To Ibe .S. nfthe catbedialie tbe l>.T<i^U:t\a<iii^«lPalu«(;pl.O,^ 

"pply to the ooncierge), a lalgo aiv\ \ian?*uma oiifi-ia ft.a.'Cai^^ui* 

the i6-17th centnrles. It contunB tUa a'caw.meivv -oaiA \(i «* 

l!ingB before llteir coranation, the ^la^ -ar^ioTe ftia iTiii&\. M«gw ^ 

^'■en, and a flne double chapel or ttiel3fticaa1»n-'^*^«<«^* 


lilt. RUEIM8, 17. rioKie. 121 

is ocnipied by a. Mu»i(. Lapidalfe, ihf most intoteslini; objects in 
nhlcb aie a I'.oman altsi dedicBted to foai gods, a bas-teUef of i 
HOrluaan witb an easel, and the wbite marble *Canataph of Jovf- 
iiDs, prefect of Oanl in ihe 4th century. This last is hewn from a 
singlD block, 9 ft. long and 5 ft. broad, and is adoinid with tt 
beantifal bas-islief of a Uon-bunt. 

The short street running to tho N. from the E. end of tba csth' 
edral loeda us to tho reettlarly-bnilt Ptaee Royale (PI. 0, 3), which 
Is embellished with s bronze etatae of Lovis SV., by CartelUer, 
erected in 1B18. The flrst statue, by Pigalle, was destroyed at the 
RoTOlntion, but the original Hgureii of Mild Government and Popular 
Happiness still adorn the base. — The broad Rue Royale connects 
this square witb the Place des MarcMt, to the K., No. 9 in which 
is the Maiton Caliou (Roy), with a 15th cent, timber facade. In 
the Rue de Tainbonr (Nob. 18 and 20), to the right, is the Havie 
of Vit musicians, the most interesting of the many quaint old houses 
ia Rhelms (early 11th cent,). It is named from the flgures of seated 
maricians in Ave nfi^lies on its front. The Idaison Couotrl, at the 
loraer ot the Rne du Maic (parallel with the Rae de Tambour) and 
the Rue Floche, h&a an interesting courtyard and interior. 

The HStel de TUIe (PI. O, 3), toaebed by the Rue Colbert, 
)» a handsome ediUce in the RenaisEsnce style, begun under 
Louis XIII. (whose equestrian statue adorns the pediment), but 
iinished only in the 19th century. It fa surmounted by a lofty enm- 
psnlle, and contains a Library of 80,000 vols, and 1600 MS5. (open 
daily, eicept Mon., 10-4, on Sun. 12-4), and the public llHslei. 

TbB laller [opi^n on Sun. and Tlinra, i-1 in printer, 1.5 la tnmDier, 

calleetionefiiunlinel, {.mbraciDgafaw Geiman, Flemilll, BndDnlcll pajnt- 
ingi, a large Iriplych of the scbgul iitBUeiniB (IBH csnt,), snd setae modern 
worlni a mnsenni illualratiiig ibc mnnafBjture of uliftinpagool eolleeUon» of 

> Gollectliin of seiner^ ('(uilee peltilsa'} uied io m^slery pla;a In Ibe 
ISlli ceol.i OD nnli'luarUn museum; and an aicbeologjcal muaeum. On 

br 36 n. broad, repreeenling the sportg of (hi ampblOisatre, ^^H 

M. Xeni, So. 3 Rue Sedan, beyoad Ibe Hnte] de YIDe, jiossmecs ■ vain- ^^| 
able collee'iuD nrRomas, <}al1o-Rom*n, Heiovtngiun, end utbor anUqutiiei, ^^H 
The chief Roman monnment at Rhelms is the Forte de Har* ^^| 
(PI, B, 2), a triple gateway or triumphal arch, at the N.B. end of the ^^| 
pTomenades neat the station, and reached ftom the Hfitel de Ville 
by the Rub de Mare, or tiie Rue Henri IV. It ie referred to the 4lb 
cent, of our era and still retains some remains of its ornamenta- 
tion, including eight flne Corinthian columns, a graceful ftamewiirl; 
about an empty niche, four genii, ■ medallion with a head in hi^tli 
relief, and two eadncef. 

Tie modBra cbanh of SI. ThimHU, buiit In Oie ai^\B oi Vta V\V\. tioS.-, 
d in Iha suburb ot I.«on, heyonS the inWwfcl , oon'uiS-ii* *^% 
gfar rh^ BnnnasBleni] of Cardinal GuasB6l,\«« KTii&V.»\v'i-^ "^ 

mogt ancient e«Icsifl!ticBl buildine \n me\w^\'' ^'^'''■■*'^*^ , 


chiicr^ of °«t. Beml (t'l. D, 5, U), at tbe etlTAms 3. »nd g[ 
tha tovn (tramway from the station, aomp. tbe fian), whieb, tkn|li 
frgaly aiteied in madem times, 'retaine Ihs oatlineB of* lut nd 
nolilB basilica of the eariy part of the 11th cent., piesanting con- 
siderahle points of simiiarity totiioseof Bargnndy'f'Vriruiion;. Ihi 
flret charch on this eide was founded in 853, bnt thia waa prioti- 
cally robuill in the H-lXth cent., while the portal of the 3. transefi 
is as late as the end of the IGth century. The W. facade i« in tbt 
(iothic style of the !l2th cent., but both the towera sre Romaneiqiu. 
The nave also is Romanesque, but the choir is Gothic, and tht 9, 
transept Flamboyant. 

The *Intii£[ub pnidueiu in elTact or giest dignity. The aislea kn prg- 
viAed wltb callaries, thai Id the V. b)b]« eoDlslnln^ lupeslriei pmnltd 
by Kab. lie LenoDcourl. Iho donor of Ihose in the cathedral (p. 1901. 
Ths cliDlr, like the choir of the calliiid»l , la continued Into Ihe nioj 
(lart of It il Barroanded by a tasteful marble soreen of ILe limi dI 
LoiiIbXIU. Tlie ebolr-oindows are still filled with msgnlQcant st^DDdelau 
oF tha ll-13th centuries. OIT the apse open Dve c^apela, witli area^ei m;. 
ported by graceful columns. BeMcd llie 111 gb -altar is (he •Toni of Bl. ttM 
or Rvnliriui, in the style of the Eenalssance, but lealorel li 

nurruunded I 

bapHaiBB Clo»l^ 

■s of Franca (liit 

Hianops 01 tineims, LAon, x.aDgre9. ueanvais, ijuaiona, apil Noyon.lbc 

Champagne, and TouIouJe). —'The S. tranSEpl contains a Holy Sepnltlm 
iiflSSl, and three allo-reliefs iif £8)0, ropresantlng the Baptiams of Oto1«, 

sacristy, and an enatnellnd cruaa of the )3th cent, and 30 Llmogel sumll 
in the treaanry. — The aacrlstao livea at Kua SI. Beml S, 

The HBlcl Dieu or Hotpital, adjoining tbe obnrnb, occnpiMlliI 
former abbey of St. Remi, the handsome cioistere of which fpatUlf 
Romanesqae) still remain. The neigh bearing chnr<'h of £1, Mamritt 
(PI. D, 5) oontaine gronps In memory of two natlyes of Rhetini, 
Hit. N. Bolland (1>, 1643), foandei of the Congregation da rBnbU 
.Hsns, and the AbbS de la Saiie (b. 16S1), fonader of the Fihei 
de la Doctrine Chrdtientie. 

The Tisitor to Bhrims should visit one of the TBst Chtmpag'" (kllm, 
aiiigng the most interesting of which are those nf U. Ri^derei {Koala dt 
Ohilunsi PI. E, 6] and Hmo. Pommary (apply Sue Vanthler-le-Noil '', 
---r tha Lycee, PI. C, *). Fo- ' ' '"---- " " 


A local line miia from Bbeims 

to (la M.) Vtriv (HBl. Dnpuis), Mtit.- 

the Tlneyard- of the 'aontagne de 

Belmt'-, and onolhEi tii <iO>/i M,) CM- 

mica (Oroix Blanche), both ubbfId 

ftom Ehrlms to^'Pari,, lee R. 

W; to l.aDn, p. SB; to ChlienB. p. 9S< la 

SollKniB, p. liT; to Hell, R. 10. 

18. From Paris to Hetz. 

a. Vi& CtiUotLB ajiil 'Etciilu&. 

_ aUJC Rtawii (GBrartel'li»t-,Pl.O,'iXliiilM»-^'^M*1>w.'J««a*M- 

^ 39 IV. an M ft. 3fl c.i !0SB via Verrtun, B« ?. VW. 

from Paris ta (214 M.) Frouurd, aeoT^. W- "i^* U^o^i-mb 

A brBoohrmway ruaii beoeo viil (IV.M,) CHiliati, fonnrirU QwiW, to 
(I31/1 U.) Jfaimng, I nnsll IbDueli apcient lown nn tbe 5fl'IM. 

We now enter tbe 'beautiful valley of the MoaelU, andsftei ctoca- 
ing the river continue to follow its left biiOk almost tlie whole way 
to Meti. A canal also nina alonR the left bank. — 210 M. Marbachc; 
0.22 M. Dimlouard (H6t. dn Commerce], commanded by a hill bear- 
ing a mined castle. In thii neighbotirhood was situated the Roman 
town ol Scarpona, noteil for a defeat of the Allemanni by JovinuB in 
366. To the right, in the distance, is tlie hill of Monsaon (see below). 
226 M. Pont-i-MoUBKni (*HBtet de France, Place Duroc ; mui 
rle la Poitt, Biie Victor-Hugo, near the station), an attreotiTe town 
of 12,700 inhab., Bitnaled on the MoseUe. The triangTtlar Plant 
Duroc, enrconnded with arcades, contains the HBtel de VitU and a 
handsome /Jousf In the RenaiHsance style, decorated with scnlpture^ 
In the Rae St. Lsnrent, leading to the left, near the Hotel da 
Ville, is the late-Gothic church of St. Laurent (recently restored), 
with a 17th cent, fajsde. The ysnlting is noteworthy; the etainecl 
glass is modem. In the 2nd chapel on the left is a corioas 16th 
i^ent. altar-piece, consisting of scenes A'om the Passion in carved and 
gilded wood, closed by shatters painted cm both sides with scenes 
from the life of Ohrist and the Virgin. — A street leads ftom the 
end of the Place Dnroo to tbe old town, crossing the Moselle by 1 
bridge built in the Kith century. Kear the latter, to the left, is the 
church of Si. Martin, dating from the 13-I5th cant., with two hind- 
eome towers. It contains a Qne Boly 3eplilehre in the right aisle, a 
gallery of the 15th cent., now used us the organ-loft, and a painting 
of tbe Baptism of the Queen of Mysore, by Claude Ohariss (d. 1747) 
of Nancy. — Farther to the N'. is the chureh of 8t. Mary, baill i 
1706, with an andent abbey, now conyerted inlfl a seminary. 

On a hill (1010 ft.) to the E. uf the town is Ibe little village of Xoiuaoi 
with ihe jcaniy rnina gf m. Outk. Tho lower uf Ibe OUapsI ot the easile 

232M. F&gny-Bur-Mo*eUe('Bufee,' H6tet-CttffdclaG are) Ui 
frontier-station, with Ihe French custom-house. Good wine is pr 
dueedonthehiilsofthelcftbank. .Yboutl'/iM. totheW.S.W. b 
the eitenaive ruins of the CliSleau de Preny, built by the dukes of 
Lorraine and dismantled in the i7tb century. — Uoilway to" 
via Conflans-Jarny, see p. 12B. 

335 M. ITovitint (Hu/ftt), the German frontier-station, with the 
German custom-hnuse. German time isSQmln, in adranee ofParijdaTi 
litne. Corny, connected witb Nov^antby a BUB^6nBVoTv->iAi?,«,-«M*V4 
aermaa beadqnarlerB during the siege oIMatt.. — ISl^l^^. \'(vf>j- 
m^Morelle. At Jotiy-avx- Arches , wUitlx Ilea lo Cub i\iiCtA, »»-'^ ^'^ 
fJ^M.J Ar,-MH-Motelle, with Iron-worts, M6 ooiecwei «*« '^T 
H^-i«« o/-a JToiuan 'Aquedact, 60 ft. \n bw^Vt ^^^4 VinB^^*- 





121 Route i«, STJi. mp:neuuold. 

In length , uouEtniiited by Dtdbus to bring wator to Dinadwvm, the 
modem Metz. Graotlaltc [omn.; p. 135] lies I'/a ^- ^ ^« ^-^-t "> 
the valley o! the Manee. The train cToases the Moselle. To tbe tigbt 
are the fort of St Pri'at and tlie chltem of Frescati. To the Left ut 
the lines to Verdan and to Thionville, and Ht. St. Qnenliiii t« Hit 
Tight, tbe lines to Saarbrilcken and Stra^ahurg. 
244 M. Metz, see p. 134. 

31B M. Ea 

The trains start from tie (iate de TEsl (PI. v., 31), 

From Paris to (107i/b M.) ChSlms'Sur-Mame, eee R. 19. Till 
line to Meti diverges here to the left, and cioBeing the Marne ind Iht 
Rhine and Marne Csnsi, enteis the monotonona district of the Biilt 
Champagne or Champagne PouiUttat. ~— 118 M. fi(. Hilairt-M- 
TtmpU is the janction for Eheima (p. 137). — 121 >/j M. Oujuf/sr, 
near the large military Camp ilt ChStona (p. 136}. 

At La <7ft(w«, SVj K. to the F... is a lacne circular entrenchment, kaoim 
■B AlUla'i Camp, thoagta really an andeot Komaii camp or a Oallin i>»ii. 
itum. The Oimpi Calalavni, wbere AtlUi wad defonted b; £(ias In IHsl 
Ihe fBinoni hstlle of Ch!>lona (p. 140), were tlierefoie probablr In tUi 

140 M. Tajmy ffl-Xri near the ehurch), noted for the defeit et 
the Allies nnder the Dntie of Branswick by the Frenirh under D«- 
mnnriez and Kellermann inl792. This was tbe famous 'L'annontdl 
of Valmy', 'wherein the French .'isnscnlottes did not Qy like ponlBr' 
(Cailyle). A pyiunid on the baltleSeld, in a grove to the li^t, 
before we teach the station, containa the heart of Kallenuann, Dw 
deValmy ClT-n-1820), and his statue wsb added in 1892. Dumo*- 
tiez, having nflerwarde deeerted to the enemy, la ignored. The tnbl 
descends throuph the fertile valley of the Aiine. 

146 M. Bte. Henehonld fUdtel de Mett ; SI. NUolat), on the AUnt. 
a town with 6300 inhab. , noted for its pork. Part of the Wath nt 
(he old town are preserved, and also a Clmnh, dating from the 13- 
14th eentary. No. 3 in the Avonne Victor-Hngo is the postlng-tt>- 

1 (now the gendarmerie) whore Louis XTI. was recogniBei if 

'Old-Dragoon Dronet' on his attempted flight from France in }nll*> 
1791 (comp. p. 127). — Railway &om Amagne to Eerigny and 
Bar-le-Dno, see p. 137. 

A well'wooded and pictnresqne district is now trnvereeil, in- 
cluding the Foreil of Argonne, woU-knowo from the campaign <> 
1792. 161 M. Let IsUUei ha£ given name to one of the piuaes el 
the Argonue. — 164 M. CUrmonI - en- Argonnt (Pommo-d'Or), • 
Niasll town on a bill to (bu right (^branch-line to Bar-le-Dnc, ttt 

I'. 144: T'srflnnos ajid Apremonl., v. I'll). — Stti«tiiX inuW lAMiotit 

\re passed. 
174 M. Terdna, -Hat^.. TaoiBiiiioEii.8,B.aB (lk-vvwaa-Mi-^ 

Ifoa da St. E'prit 2 and 3. -- Orfti« io tVe ?Uot Ste- *: 


toMetz. VERDUN. 18. RouU, 125 

de-VUle, and Bue St Paul. — Buffet at the station. — Oaba. Per drive 
1-2 pers. 60 c, 3 pers. 1 fr. 20 c., 4 pers. 1 fr. 60 c.; per hr., IVa, 2, 2V2 fr.; 
doable fare after midnight. 

Verdun, a strongly fortified town with 22,150 inhab., is situatod 
on the Meuse, which divides at this point into several branches. 

Verdon, the Roman Vwodunum. hol^ an imoortant place in earlv Europ- 
ean history, fbr by the Treaty of verdan in 8u the possessions of Charle- 
mi^e were divide among his three grandsons, Lothaire, Lewis the Ger- 
man, and Oharles the Bald (p. xxv), and the French and German members 
of the empire were never again united. The town was early the seat of 
a bishop, and remained a free imperial town until 1662, when it was ta- 
ken by the Freneh, although it was not formally united to France until 
the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, by which Austria gave up the three fam- 
ous bishoprics of Verdun , Toul , and Metz. Verdun was bombarded by 
the Prussians in 1792, and, having surrendered after a few hours, the in- 
habitants accorded an amicable reception to the conquerors, to whom a 
party of young girls made an offering of the bonbons Cdragdes^ for which 
Verdun is notod. The Bevolutionists recovered the town after the battle 
of Valmy, and sent three of these innocent maidens to the scaffold. The 
town was again bombarded by the Germans in 1870, and taken after a gal- 
lant resistance of three weeks. 

The Avenue de la Gare and its prolongations intersect the wholo 
town from N. to S. Beyond the Porte St. Paul are the Palais de 
Justice, on the right, and the large new Colt^ge^ on the left. The 
first street diverging to the left leads to the Forte Chauss^e, a gate- 
way with two crenelated towers (now a military prison), part of 
whleh dates from the 15th centnry. Beyond it is a bridge across the 
Mense. — The main street, to which we return, leads to another 
bridge across the main channel of the river. On the leffc bank is 
the Place Ste. Croix, embellished in 1855 with a bronze statue, by 
Lemaire, of General Chevert (1696-1769), a native of the town, 
distinguished for his capture and defence of Prague (1741-42). — 
The lithlie Library (open Thurs. & Sun., 2-4), on the Quai de la 
Gom^die, to the left before the bridge, contains 35,000 vols, and 
numerous valuable MSS. — In the court of the Hdtel de Ville (17th 
cent.) are four cannons presented to the town by the French Govern- 
ment in memory of its gallant resistance in 1870. The building 
contains a small Muaie (adm. free on Sun.; on Thurs., 1-4, ^2 ^^^O- 
The custodian lives at Rue des Hauts-Flns 7. The attractive Pro- 
menade de la Digue skirts the Mouse. 

The Cathedral, in the upper part of the town, dates from the 
ll-12th cent, but has been much altered in the 14th and 17th, 
especially in the interior. The aisles are now divided f^om the nave 
by semicircular arches. The space beneath the organ in the W. apso 
is occupied by a chapel, and there are also lateral chapels, of which 
the first to the right has line windows, designed by Dldron, and art- 
istic iron railings. The high-altar is placed beneath a gilded canopy, 
resting on marble columns. In the S. transept are a relief d&tlu^ 
from f 666 and a marble statue of Notie Dame di^ N«^^\\?Dk« 

The Bishop*8 Palace and the Qrand iS^minaire e^^^^Vft. VJaa t.yk.^\- 
ednL From the ill-kept Promenade de la KocUe «. ^^^^^^ ^^^"^ '^'^ 

126 RmtleilS. CnWFLANS-.rARNT. frnm Pari' 

obtslnsd, to the W., of the paBWral valley nf tlie Muuse. YlBilon >» 
not admitteil to the Citadel, Eltasted beyoad the promeiiide. 

VirduD ii sl» & stBlinn on tba lailnsr '">m Seda- 10 UrimWl (Sma\ 
ste p. IBt). — To Bar-U-DMc, eee )>. U4. 

The itilw&y to M«tz orosies the Mense, ascends ui inoliiig 
fCSlrs de Meuse} on the other bank (view to the right), puse> 
through a tunnel, V* ^*' 'ong, uid beyond the plateau of tbi 
n'oe'vM enters the valley of the Moselle. 

IST'/aM. ^tiia{BSt,delaSlrine, Bae du FoiitS), & pictuteiqui] 
town OD the Ome, with 2800 inbab., ha &ji inteieating chnieh tt 
the IBth and 16th cent., in whlr^h is a Mnaotina attrihnted to 
Ligioi Richier {pp. 131, 14i). 

199 M. Gon&iui«- Jamy {Buffttf Holet opposite), near the eoa- 
fluence of the Ome md Yron, 

(;uiiflB,ni-JsTtiT <■ IbeJuDctlon of the ridlway frum LanguroB to ^arar 
lar-ilBHlli (sea p. 123). Tha Hrel Btatlon to the B. is &h H-l Man-la-Tnv 
(sea p. IBSj. — Braccti-Tailwsys alio rnn from ConiLkDi-larnT to & M.l 
Briey f Crofj: BlaiKhe}. an laduelrial tnvo witb 3)00 inhab., and to (7Vi H-l 
Jiamecoun-Jctuf, batb tollowlDg tba aanie rails as far u (1V< M.] Yallmt. 

204 M, Bataiy, with the French custom-house. The tnin thu 
cnisses the battlefield of BraveMU (p. 1351. 

208 M. ATmnaiUtri (Bnffet), the first German station, with the 
Uernian cnatom-bonse. Germa,a time Is 5Q min. in advance el 
Varialan time. Giaielotte lies 4'/^ M. to the 9., St. Pdvat (ouuil- 
bTie) !■/«". to theN., andSte.Marie-ani-Ch»nes2i/gM. tDtb«N.£. 

We change oartiages at AmatiTillers, and descend the vsUejf if 
Mdtiraiu. Od the left are the forts of Plappeville and St. QuentiB.— 
213 M. Moulim-Us-Mtti. The line to Thionville (^p. 133) ia Mesto 
the left. The train ciosseB the Afosdie, and joins the railway f^oinFn*- 
ard (R. 16a), and then the line from Saarbrilcken ood StraMburgi 

217 M. Mett, see p. 134. 

0. Till fiheima and Veidnn. 


a-X) M. in ai/,-ll»/, hij, , 2221/3 M. ia 9'/i-13i/, bra. , ot 230 II. 1h 10>/r 

, _. ji^g ^ Bbelma la reacbed vii La Fut^Uliou (UgDa i* 

na (Ligno du Kord), or viS Erernaj (Lienc da I'EstJ. FarM 
tr. 60, If '- =" ■ 

l'E!l), vili 

From Paris to (97-107 M.) Bhcimi, see R. 16. — This line di- 
verges to the right ftom that to Laon and Mifrferea-Charleyille, and 
making a wide detour round the town, enters the valley of the 
Veile, which It ascends to St IIllaiTe, The moDotonnus plains of La 
Haute Champagne are traversed. lOS'/aM. (from Paris TiiLaFertif- 
Milon; 2'/j or lOM. longer by the other routes) SiWeri/, whici ^vei 
fa ntme to a well-known bran4 ol otinvci^B-, iW M, TAufnji 
ii3'/a M. Sepl-Sauli. 1\> the lelt o! l.l\bMa "^^^ ■*"> ««fti«>- * 
Mourmelon etrefchea the ImmenBe Camr ^f- Chalona (^^Sft »«j*^ 
jJvtabllBhad in iSfi? by Napoleon Ul., an4 ^^^o" '«>'\^ ,-—»-:- 
Btort«iK mWUry centre. Sin.^e .the «».» H '" ''''■™ ■"" 


d. Vifc Khelnu and Miilbrea-CharleTUle. 
(Givet, NamuT, Luxembourg.) 

._ , „ - . 'n^ vii aQlasDl,.^ 

or *ia Epuna;. Camp.B.IB. Fares IS fr.70, SOtr. 80, 20&. 16c. 

I'tom Paria to (,97-107 M.) fiiieJms, ebb B. 16, At Eheims we 
leave tlie line to Laon on tbe left and that to Terdun and Metz mi 
the right, und travecGe the monotonous plaina of Haute Champague. 

■"" M. (from Paris via La FurtS-Milon, SVa and 10 M. r 

the other roiiteb) Wilry-lh-h 

107Va M. Baiancourl. 

iHu>.Di£An<.uuni 111 t.ii>LLiiiia.M>£ iBce below), 331!., railway thnjiiEli 
Ibe vallcT of Ihc Svipfi, wjlh Ita active woollen iidultiy. 

Beyond (ll&i/^U.) Taijnon tbe ti&in pasEea through a taanel and 
enters the basin of thdime, where the sceoery hecomes more varied. 

123 M. Bethel (BSt. dt France; de VEurofe; du Comntrce}, an 
industrial town with 6742 Inhab., is partly Eitusted on a hill lo the 
right of the Alsne and o/ the Canal dee Ardtrmes, which connects 
the Aisne and the Meuee and is croaserl by the raiiway. The church 
of Bl. NMtolaa Is in reality fonned of two churches, different botli 
iji site and style, and placed end to end. The oldest part, dating 
from the 13th cent., belonged originally to a priory, 'llie HSM Dim 
anil several other ediflues in the town dale fium the 17t)i oentncy. 

I26V2 M. Amagtu-Luei^y ( ButTet-Hetel] , with a large soaar 
factory, is the junction for a tiae to Hiison (sse p, lOOj. 

FaoH AuiuHE-LuGQSi TO KcviQNi (Bnr-le-Due), eT>/i M., rallwa; in 
S'lf&Vt ins. (fares 13 (T. SO, 8 tr. 35, G fr. 3B 1I.J. — B IL Attigny (HSl. dc la 
Oatei UUral Blane), an aacieat and celeliraled. littla tows on Ihe ^lins in J 
the Canal ia Arimna. Wiltikind, llie dake of the baathBO Saxona, nan 
bapUaed here Id 786) and here in 82a Lenis llie Debonair performed bis 
piibliD peDltenee at theinstieation of his prelates. Tbe (own wan freqaently 
Ihnacena of nnMin ujieinbllc<iiiiiiIiibi(i..«niini^l>L ana Ilia HeroTlngJan and 
built about the 

CbioIIdeIu kiBsa liad a Inrgc ai 
middle of the fifth cent., of wlii 
Hdtel de Vllle, li (he only retic. 
l9th curiary. — .- We now lucend .„ 
f Cftm d'OrJ, a lown wiihSeTO iohab.. 

if AlUeoy dati 

n the 

- 35>^ M. 0\atliranai. 

B charcli or tilB 1&-I6lb ce 


: attrogUve valley at the Ji 
B nunc to a JeBle 1u tt 
lea. AfrtmoM Is on iro 

Qteat of Argonoe, through whtcli 
arking village. About I'/i H. <<i 
«i-Ar}i»ini, where Louis XVI. wtv 

■■'r«e p. I'li). 

ia\i appears as Artutnua ^n ^W WV 
110 ICfadms to Heti xVL Vei" 
1 pilgrimage. otu,ipel, ^Vit' 
e railway. Tlio -vlUigt-iiAi' 



1 28 Boutt la. Mezi^RES-CrURLEVll.LE. 

the Alsw, but flnallf ^lerges inlo that of 119 (rlbulnrv, the i 
l6TVi M.) Rmgns (see p. ilSj. 

ViiyonA(i^ii/ii/L')8aiitce!-Moru:Untbe railway enters the wocded 
and monntsinous district of the Ardennes, and the scenery incieuet 
ill beauty. Several small stations aie passed. To tlie left of tun 
line, s little lieyond (145 H.) BoahkovH, rleea the Urge powdtr 
factory of St. Ponee. At (149 M.) Mohan are situated the vrorksbopl 
lit the railway. Wa cross the Mtuse twice, lUe river making a wide 
i>end here to the left. 

IGI1/7 M. HiiiiTea-ChftTlevllle (Buffet-HStcl). The statioD, 
which is at Charlevltle, is coinmun to the two towns of TUmiiu 
and Oharlevllle. Milzierea lies ahout ^/^ M. to the left. 

CiarlevillB {*Uon d'Aryent, Itua Thlsrs 20, not far from llM 
station i Qrand Hotel; du CnmmtTcr; de C Europe i *du fiord, ueu 
the station), with 17,800 inhafa., forms as it were the eommudil 
and industrial portioD of MfxlAres, the penioanUr sitnatLon of 
which has effeatnaUy prevented its expansion. The chief ia- 
dustries are nail-maMng, typB-foiindine, a"d the manufacture «l 
other small h&rdware goads. The town derives its name from 
Charles of Bonzaga, Dake of Nevers and Mantua, and OoTemorfff 
Champagne, who founded it in 1606. The road leading from Ibt 
station is met at the briilge eonnecting the two towns by a fine bonle- 
vard, which eitsnda to the Place Ducale, in the centre of Chirlt- 
Tille, a square bordered by arcades like the Place dee Vosgas u 
Paris. The rest of the town is uninteresting. On the N. side of At 
town the Mouse forms another smati peninsnla, occupied by Mom! 
Oltpnpui, a height at one lime fortified, but now private property. 

HM^rei (BStel riu Palaii-Eosal), the chief town of the depart- 
ment of the Ardennea, with 7450 inbsb., is sitoated on a peniniuk 
formed by the Mense, and until recently was strongly forlifled. 

Meiieres bu undergone aeveral memorable Ilegee. In IBSI the Oh>ri>ll« 
Bayatd, wilh a gurieno ol 2000 men, nuceesBfally defended Ibe tova br 
2S days ogi^nst iin Imperial armj of 35,000. In IHIS, after a liego of lU 
weekB, Ihe town was compBlled (0 capitnlats to the GenaanB, tboncb Mt 
beforo the general pacifloalioo. to 1870 Md^itro™ was InTeslcd Ihies Urn*, 
mi BnmndoKd on Jan. 2nd, 1S71, afttr a bombardmBnl of three day*. 

To the right, near the bridge which connects the two towni, is a 
War Wonumenl, oummemorating the inhabitants of the ArdeiiiiH 
who fell in 1870-71. The only notewoTtby building in M^ziSres istht 
Parith Oiwoli, a handsome Gothic edifice of the 15-i6th eeat^ <rilk 
a cunapicuDUS Renaissance tower. It bss been restored sioM At 
bombardment of 1870. The portal on the S. side is very rlchl; tatr 
mented. Within this ehnrch Charles IX. was married to EUitbtt 
nfAastTii in 1570. In the newer part of Ihs town is a Stattttl 
Sayard (aeu above), by Croisy [iSSfi). 

lUilirxjis to SirtOH, ^ufttoii*, TataiieiamM, LllU, m.4 Calami, wt, w'fiK 
'.- If fftMt and Jramur, eee p. 111. _ 

Traini for SedsD, Tblnn-slUe, tmiWali, o\i \6»^i\^ 
•rfevfiia, roiuii. in tho cUrcct\(m iit Wiwrn^ " '"^i '*"' 

ioMebt. SEDAN. 18. Route. 129 

fltatloii of Mohon (p. 128). Here they diverge to the left into the 
▼alley of the Mouse, which is erossed at (154^2 M.) Lumea. From 
(iW/% Bi.) Vrigne^Meuse a tramway runs to (3 M.) Vrigne-^iux' 
Boi*^ where large quantities of hardware are produced. — 161 72 M, 
Donihery is the point where the German forces crossed the Mouse. 
at the battle of Sedan, in order to cut off the retreat of the French 
army to M^zidres. The railway crosses the river, and immediately 
to the right is seen the Chdteau de BelUime, where Napoleon 111 . 
tnirendered his sword, and where the capitulation of Sedan was 
ligned on Sept. 2nd, 1870. The captured army were detained as 
prisoners for three days on the Peninsula of Iges, formed here hy 
^e Mouse. The bombardment of Sedan was begun by a battery 
posted on the heights of FrSnoia^ to the right. The German army 
took up its position in that direction and still farther to the E., while 
tiie French posted themselves on the heights immediately surround- 
ing Sedan. By the end of the day the French position had been 
turned by the Germans, who had made themselves masters of the 
hnis commanding it on the N. 

I64V2 M. Sedan. —Hotels. H6t. de l'Eubope, Rue Gambetia27, B., 
L., A A. 2i/s-6, B. 11/4, ddj. SVs, D. 4fr.^ Gboix d'Or, Place Tiirenne, ddj. 
3 nr.; Liosr d^Ob, Place d Alsace-Lorraine. — Buffet at the station. 

Sedan, a town with 20,163 inliab., formerly strongly forti- 
fied, is famous for the battle and capitulation of Sept. Ist and 
2nd, 1870 (see p. 130). Of no great antiquity, the town at one 
time belonged to the Dukes of Bouillon (p. 131), and the revolt of one 
of these noblemen in 1591 led to the siege and capture of Sedan by 
Henri IV. Sedan is well and regularly built, and carries on a pros- 
perous manufacture of fine cloth; but it is uninteresting to the 
stranger. Within recent years the appearance of the town has under- 
gone a remarkable change. The fortifications have been removed, 
and their place is largely taken by handsome houses. 

From the station, which has been brought farther to the S.E., 
near the Mouse, the Avenue Philoppoteaux, crossing the river and 
traversing the new suburb, leads to the Place d' Alsace-Lorraine, 
at the S. extremity of the town, in which are situated the War 
Monument for 1870, the ColUge, and the Etahlissement Crusayy 
embracing an asylum and a small Mus^e (adm. on application). 
Thence the Avenue du College leads to the Place d'Armes, in 
which rises the Parish Church. Beyond the church is the Donjon, 
of the 15ih cent, the only relic of the ancient Castle. The Avenue du 
GoUdgeis continued by the Rue Gamhetta or Grande Rue, which ends 
at the Place Turenne, embellished with a bronze statue, by Goix, of 
Mofthal Tuirenne, erected in 1823. The marshal (1611-75), bom 
at Sedan, was the son of Henri de la Tour-d'Auvergne, Yiscount of 
Sedan and Duke of Bouillon, an ambitious nobl^ "^lYiO \ac»>s. ^^tX> Vc^ 
many plots Bgainst Cardinal Richelieu, au^ "wqa tLtk^\i l<at^^^ ^>^ 
pankste Mb Ufe hy yielding up to Louis XIH. t\i^ '\i«.iQui qI^<6^^\^« 
BdMi»tMMM\r Northern France. Srd Edit. SN 

— OroBEing the MeuBS, we again «nter a new noarter, beynnd which 
»ro fields tra-versed by the Viaduc de Tore)/. The enburb of Tor«y. 
beyond the canal, has a modern Qothic Church and Canucnl. The 
Rua Wadelin^ourt, which parses In front of Ih? former, toBd»b»ekto 
th« BtatiDn. 

The best point from whiuli hi "ieit tbe battlefield of Sedan is Die 
village ofBateiUes, aboat 3 M. to the 5.E. (cab, ^t/^-S ft.; tttOtm, 
see p. 182). The road leads to tlie S. from the Place NasBiu, at (he 
end of the Aieane Phitippoteaui. 

Tb« Battle of Sadan, fanghl Sapl. lit, IBTO, taged laoal neiWly in ttt 
naighbuiiiliaiiil DrBaieiUos. Uarahal UacMaliun, acting uadar ucdeig &on 
Paris dldnled hy polllical rolLer tlinn iDilltary conslderatiuna, and enauT- 
onrln^' la murdb tiam the camp si l^liiilonB ^. 138) to Iha relief ef B(- 
tatoe in Men vii Monlmjaj (p. 1B2), had been foiced baoi upoo Sedu 

Prince of Saiony. The French creased the KeuBe at Mou.un (p. 13i) ni 
loDfe up a poiUlDE on the heiehls uf La JUoncelli, Daignt. and Gimoun 
(p. 131), on the right bank of the Qvtimt, a imall tritotncy ut the Mean. 
iloning to tlie £. of Seieliles, wliile their Una naa cuntiiiued Is 
the W., via lUy and Fleiiia, until 11 rested upon (he Seuse ami lb> 
jeniDsula of [£» (p. 139). The battle began at Aaybreak, ani from Ub 
to 10 a.m. BaielileB and La Honeelle were the chief nolnls of allut. 
3lep by itep the Hgbllng was forced farlber to the K., lo Dalgny anl Ot- 
vonne, unlH nnally, about 3 p.m., the right wing of the Saioni, who 
elUclud ^om ttae E., and Ike ^eft wing of tbe Pruaslans, wbo allaetsd 

K Illy, 


h. E 

f ike'p 




pon the town 

all the 

hrUUant gli- 

uhed lhem>e 


after another 


de of batUa 

aed lire upon 

e hdghuef 




otblng for it 







men (™id°ti 



L, 89g 

cnaJ., ael 

lb iO,ODO lioraes, 1000 


TO milra 

eefellinlo th 



D.OCO men and 

L 11,000. 


or «i»«*y ol 

anderi. The 


dy n 


, who lui 

= kt9 


and 10 C«<V 


r I HOODOO men 



e disorg 


Ihcir prevfoi 

The G 

rman UlaiA 

edby ih 


n^'n." fST 






iig of tho -vmage of BaiBilles, to th 

left ortha 

road, is tho small tavarn A la Oemiife Cartouche. The name recallt 

the fact that thia was the last French position in tho Tilla(«, 

desperately defended by the matines under Martin des PailKm 

aiainsl Ton der Tann's Bavarians. The Inn , which wna the eflll 

hoBSB in the whole vjllsge not burned down , now contUnE ■ sniB 

Muiernn of relics of the battle (lea^, w4 oi\a of ilia tooms on tbt 

Si-ac Boot is still preserved in lliB same stiAe aa \* a.ftT?«x«&\(i\j 

lie NenvUle'B painting of 'Tte List Cartt\46s\ *&?. 

A !aidin the houee ubict has ■boTio-wai^.W'ttt — 

The street to the right of the (oaA \Bais " 


near tbe c«ii]«tcry, reiidereil conspiuuoua by ibi Oasunire, uoutaining 
ihs tones of 2036 Krench and Geriniin ftoldiers ramoveil from their 
temporary graves on the battle 11 eld. Visitors obtain atlmisEJon a 
applying at tbe nearest tavern , lbs keeper of which ii 
The nmsll iDDTiulaent in front of the OssaaliB i 
UavarUnE who fell in the battle; the otiier large moDuruent iit 
the cBoiBtery does not refer to the events of 1870. — The French 
soldiers and villagers who were killed in the defence of tbe place are 
rateil by a truncated Pyramiit in the village. — Farther 
" " " BB, ia the raUway-atatiun of Baieilles (p. 130). 
lUiiLos, 13 B., dlUEenw fr.) IhricE datly. Tha 

i>f 1810 (p. m>). 3 H. G(««M, 

on the < 

D. At (5 

;umlioaaei nnd bBIOnd it we enle 


.), »itL about 2800 inhab., W.S f 


*>/. - V/t bii 

, (f«M 18 £r. 16, 13 tr. ee 

., 9 fr. BO c. 

to Hall and begini to 

Xa«gil tb= 

line diverge, to Iha left 

from that 

.ItcKtive valley of the Jfti 

«.. 3V. M. . 

fftmJKl/. Bcanoh-lina to 


,! p. laa. - 9 M. *o««i. 

town whkh enjoyed a 

eertaln amu 

Lba middle ol 

rthelTtheent., contUn. 


M 13-lSih «ni. u>d tba rea 

ibey founded in the loth 

15Vi H. Ulaa-e-Beavmoil i 

1/. M. 10 the S.W., where 1 

idet Oeneral de F^lly, 

lord the puaBBB of the Mb 

a.e were de 

ifvated and captured by 

tbe SMun5 

roops un Aug. 30Ui, 1B70. - 

- 21 U. EUnt 

i>. a email lawn in Iha 

Hme stroogiy foflified. At 03 M.) ^H 


67 M. V 

erdiu, se=p.lM. Oar lin 

railway to Heti on Che ^H 

1 tu Ohaions and Bheimjl l 

|n the right, 

and .kjrta Iha town of ^M 

Veri"o OD 

Ihe 8,W. The vallEf ngai 

dHfilci, mo. 

1 lit which arc fDrlllled. 

80 M. Bl 

I. Mihlel f/MUJ dti CVpnt), 

, wilhBZeO 

Inheb., liluated »n the 

rieht badk . 

nl Abbey ef Bt. KcMul, 

now uCiAnpiad b» Iha municipal officea. 


ibbey and tha Ottwch aj 

ai. MMail • 

lain la pan frutn tHelltb i 

^^^lury. Tbi 


)t>lne of th 

e Mndoona, by Ligler Kic 

bier (p. IM 

; In tha choir]) a child 

with Bknlli, perhaps by , 

leao ^tublar 

(In the lit cbapal DU ^_ 
1 modern atnined ElaM. ^^B 

Ibe rlgblJi 

add good cboit-iialla, org. 

The ck«r!l. 

1/ ei. aitphm, in the old ' 

town, cdbUI 

ni a gionp of tifs-iiilHld ^^1 


onaidered tb 

e maalerpiece of Uglar ^^B 

Kiclijcr. AmoBit the varicius quaint d 

1 IU> part or tue tawa ^H 

erly oceopiEd by Llgler Eichler, who 1 

ba< embellLhed it with ^| 

Beyon.f Sedan tbe railway continues to eklrt tli6W«ii*o^°'' ''°'°^'" 
MHV. 1/4 M. Pont^iaaugii is (he junclion fot ^ eii-QO. aoS ■V-*^"'"- 

ville (p. 131] and for | C M.) Rautourl, a town with ni»nnfjielorM 
of Imekles. Groislng ths Metue, tbe line now ascends ths vaUej' of 
the ChUn. nb'li M. aaitiltes (p. 130). — 185 M. Cartgnan, a town 
vitli 22^ tnliab., waE at one lime fbrtified. Forliierl]F Dunfld YvDle, 
it changed its name when Louis XI T. made it a duchy In fbTDSroF 
Engine Manrice of Soissona, son of the prince of Caiignan. A 
■bran oh -line rans hence to (4'/a M.l Meestmprt, with metal-woria. 
— 197 M. Cliimvency. In ths distance, to the right, it the citadtl tl 
MonlmSdy, beneath which tbe train pastea by meanB of i tunnel, 
Va M. long. Il 

202 M. MontmAdy (B61. de la Oare ; Croiz d'OrJ. ■ fOittflsi of J 
(he second class, with 2733 inhab,. Is pictureBqnely sitaate'l on tie !! 
Chitri. The rocky and isolated hiU (Mona Medina) from which the 
name Is derived is occupied by the citadel. Montm^dy was taken br 
LoDiB XIY. ftom the Spaniards in 1667. It was bombarded by tlie 
liernians in Sept., 1870, after Sedan; and retnining in Decembtr, 
they forced It to capitulate by reducing il to a heap of mine. — Tli> 
church of Avioth, i'/^ M. to the N., 1e a Hne Gothic ediSce ofthl 
13-14th c< 

Im^i J, y 


10 (Wi/, 1 

'Uwt (ffiibiln 

■e {vii Arion), e 

206 M. Veioanci-Torttny [see above). Several bridges and t«o 
tunnels. ~ 214 M. longayon (Bufftt-H6tel: Hdltl-Caft de Lof 
raleai), with 3^7 inhab., pleasantly situated at the confiuence of 
the Chiers and the Cruanr, is the centre of tbe hardware trade io 
Nj;. France. 

H1V< M. a] 

RemiaimDce cb^lcau (rlBhlJi 8 K 

BM. longwy (Saffil-Bmi! ■ 

77S3 inhBh., iDd a fi^rtreas ot the 

lB7a. Itwai the flrsl UicnK 'lo'' 



8. iTU' 

Id 161fi il wi 
!e mi.flthj. In Fel.ruary, 1871, ft 
ruclive bombardm(~' " -■-*■' "- 

_ci LaxciDbEi<^ 

), 29 fr. C5, 19 fr. iOt-U 
be right, and aii»Dll)i< 

I, this time iftu 

>/ eiglil da^B. In <hc loKer town (Limfr 
: laulorlBB and piruelalu-WDrlia. The plcdm-" 
(IcigKi/'Eatit) lioB nearly 1V< X. froni - 
id (amDibas, 40 c.), thimgb Ibere arssboil-cnti tor pcdlll' 

tbitOj of Ir 

lis. H 

wb-Une vli (S'/i "-J d"'«> (!■«' 
> Stlgiiint d- ffolland. — The I-i 
'« aiuffa!}, LusrjnlinnE rnilw! 

Il uid asme ilBel-worti. 
lotWK.I Arlm, i»eB«- 

^■toMelL. L0XEMBOORG. IS. Revtt. t 

TsilHtr-llme. - 18 M. Pitmgn branoh-liiiE I" ESItlbrOck and (BDVi M.) J 
tirth {see Bardekrr'i Brlgium a Eollaadj. 32 H, SrltentAouiv la Ihe In 
H(,n fni Hell una ThlnnviUe. 

SIViH. Lniembontg Cfldfal firwicur; di I'Eanpt: da Ctlognt}, ■ tn 
irllb 19,900 Inbsb., U ona tlms i fiirtreSB uf the QenoBo ConfcduMlnn, 
Uie capital of Ihe gisnd-dnob; at LuicmbLiiirg. The ailtistlon of lbs (owi 

luoa, wbicb is bounded "on thres aides by abrupt precipiMS, 300 ft. 
heigbt. At tbe ftiQi of ibcae Buw tbo PHrmu and Ilia Atitttt, wliiob 
buDDded hj eiionlly piecipitoua Fi>ck9 on tbe opposUe bank. In t 
narrow ravino lis Ibe bnsy lower portions uf Ibe town. Apart from 
cnrluns lilnatiiin ind preltr environs, Lniemtiaure ofl'srs little to del 
tbB traiBller. Tbe Blalion la connected wilb tbe town by means of abi 
Yisdact. The Hotel do yillB and tbe AttJnco contain ameii Xat^rii : 

BlaUu 0/ Kin) William III. or HoUaad, by Morclil, To tbe W, of the to 
lies a pnblie Part. For furtliBr delaila and for tbe railwaya from Lnic 
bourg to Spa, to TrtvM, and to Tbionyille, sea BaaiUlar't Bilgiam i 

FuoH LoNonYOJi lo Nisui (and Malz, vtl ConllaBS-Jarny or Pagi 
aur-Moaellel , T9i/, M., railway in a-/,-!'/, brs. (Hum 10 fr. K, 11 tt. 
8 fr. 75 c). This Una Coiffls put of Iba mule crBTecied by Ibe Uuoi 
traina rmm Cal^a to Nancy, Slraaaburi, etc. (It. II). It dlTorges to tberi 
from tbe line to Ttaloovilla and tuos to lUe S. K. ttarongb a mDnoloni 
dislriel. - M H. Co^flam-Javav (Hulfet) ia alan a aUtion on the line fr 
Terdua IQ Xelt (p. 1%). — At (31Vi S.) Xari- la-Tour {Bill, ilu Coouncr 

B»onville, on Ang. tSth, 1970. A large Vonununt. pus ad before werBi 

...ilia rnntnining tbe bones of 10,000 loldlen. '— From (4 M.) OitiM- - 

'■i (v!'lai 

•s (p. 123; OUT line unites with that 

Beyond Longuyon the line to Tbionville and Metr, tbreads ■ 
tunnel and centers tbe valley of Ibe Cmine, wbich It continaes lo 
ascend, ero-iaing the stream sevotal times. Bayomi (220 M,) Flerrf- 
ponl, pictoresqnaiy ailusle'l, a tunnel ('/j M.) is trayerBed. ■ — Wa 
ijnit tbe valley by a tuiLnal. 

230 M. Audun-lc~Roin<in is the ftoiiWet-atdtion, with tbe Freiieh 
custom -house. Tba fiemian cnstom-honso is st (^236 M.) Fentich 
(Fr. Fontotj), nrbere the time U 56 min. in advance of French catl- 
way-time. Bejond another tunnel we begin to descend the valley 
of tha I'ontEob, 240 M. flayingen (Ft. Hayange), with important 

244V2 M. ThionvUle, or Ditdinhofm ( HSttl da Commem; fl. 
HubtTl), a email fortified town on the MoiMe, with 7000 Inbali., 
was captured in 1643 by tbe Prince of ConM, and on Nov, 24tli, 
1870, by the Geriaana, after a bombardmont of two days. 

ffoUaiul or BatdUtr'i Mrnt; to IVtou (tai/i H.)', aaarbraati'i, SaargnaMd, 


TlieMeti ling note sscaniis the valloy ol tteUuBBUe. ItejW- 

r.'rr»fn9m (Fr. Uckangc'); 260 M. fieiclieTsbcTH tBi. KW«iitf.'<v'^ *• 

j"".*^ ^"geitdt^en (Fr. HagondimgA, tlie toiiliu <A ftia V^"*- 

U*V <""M on in the valley of tlie Orne, «WcV \4 U».t«w^J| 


Oibi. To tl 

134 Routt IS. METZ. ^^^ 

a short gooda-Unfl {see p. 126); 263 M. Makiinti 2BI M. ntvani- 
Ifi'Ponts, iioat Fori Moselle. Tlia line describes a ourvo to lio W, 
and croeses tfas Moselle. To the right diYergea the line to Vetdirn 
and Paris, then the lines to Fronard and Paris and to Siarbrfleken 
and Strassbnrg. ~ 263 M. Med. 

Met! (Cor deUUs, lee BatdtieTi EMmU — RoWli. •Gsma Han),, 
'auiSn Hotel de HtTi, Rae ia Clerts i e-si 3. both of the Btat du9; 
u'AHQiiETaftBE. Hue an Bit, near Uic cathedral and eipsniWei de Funs, 
ice de Chimbre, etc. ^ Cafii on (he Bsplanade. 
iim, 1 ijersDD ].«.- drive In tbe InwDfiOpf., isasb 
Vinr., Ipers. I jH, 3pors. 1 .# SOpf., etc. — Tr™- 
wif irum Tue rvianun to Ibe lubtirb on (be left bank, paqslne near Ihc 

Mtia, the uapltal of German Lorraine, with 60,200 inhab. and t 
garrison of 20,000 men, lies In a wide basin on tho Motelle, wblcti 
rlows in several arms throagh the town, at the lower ond of which It 
Is joined on the right hy tlie Settle. 

HbIh ws!' the Dtcodvi-vm nC Lbs Oaumna, tbe eliieC Umn "I ILs Galllt 
triben of tbe ifedianuiliri , und in the fitb cent, begas to be ktwin u 

iiC the Franka, and In tilS btcame tbe eapilal of lbs lilni;ilom oCAoattUla. 

Lakenby the Prencb In 166^, and eocceSBfnlly maintained by Ihem agaliU 
M army irhleb besieged it under Obarles V. By ihePasee of W^ejIpSaUi 
In IB18 it WB« ceded lo Uie Frencb tosether with Toul end Verdnn, aBd 
la lS;i it wu again incorporated with tbe Qemian Empire. 

Meti has always been strongly fortiHed fat one timo by Vanban], 
and under the later French regime was rendered one of tbe greatest 
fartcesses lu Europe by the coustruction of forts on the neighboarin; 
heights. Until its surrender to the Germans an 2TthOct., 1870, tkt 
fortress had never Euccunibed to an enemy. The foctiflcationf llti* 
been much extended since 1871; and the outworks now fonn a 
girdle round the town of about 16 M. in drcuiQ fere nee. 

Behind the Place Royale, reached from the station, ie the Etpta- 
nade, laid out in pleasant walks and embellished with a bronze sU- 
tuB, by Petre, of Marihal Ney (1769-1816) and a bronze equesWin 
statue of Bnperor WKiiam i., by F. von MUler. The W. sideof the 
Esplanade affords a beautiful riew of the valley of the Moselle, iirilh 
Ihe Mont St. Qnentin rising on the left. 

The 'Gatkhdbal, in Che centre of the (own, is a mogiiiflecnt 
Gothic Btiuctiite of the 13- 16th aenturie^. The nnsightly prinoUal 
portaJ was added in Ihe 18th century. The whole was thorougU]' 
restored in 183D-35. The ehoii contains Une stained-glass windom, 
the oldest, of the 13th oant., on the S.side. The tower, 387 lY. h'_'. 
commands a fine view of tbe town and the fertile 'Payt Mettl^, 

ViflilrtM are forbidden to walk abnut lie calbedr ■ — 

«>. a-13.30 anrf 1.3(>6 oa Ban, k ^"Bflajs, vm\ lA m wai awtt. 
The Place d'Armea, adjolnuie Oie ca.^^lait»^,^& *&o™«4-d 
fHatue of JUarahal FaUrt ^\by^-V^&'^^ ^ a. tiMtofc ol ^MM-y^ 
I tiii^iilshed tiiniEelf in tlia cii.inpft'is"s (i( \,o'a.\s'X.Vt^ 


18. Boute. 135 

The Library and tha Muieum, CDDlaining coUsctlana of Bomaa 
antiquities, tialutal history, and paiiitings, occupy the ssme build- 
ing in the Kue ChSvremont, which leads from the ri»ca d'Annes. 
— A littla rartboE on we Tsacb a branch of the MoseUe, above the 
island on which are the fbrmer Prlftelwe, the TAcnIre, etc. Near the 
(ippnaitB bank, farther down, is the PorU Chanthiirc or Seldaeht- 
haui-TboT, to the M. of which is (he cemetery, with a moDnment to 
Frenchaoldiers who foil hero Jn 1870. The quarter on the lUCkam- 
liiltt has a hsndsome new ProUstani Church in the Gothic style. Tbs 
farther aide of the island is washed by the main arm of the Hosetle, 
beyond which rises a fort, near Devant-les-Ponts fp. 134]. 

Tbe Kiie Foarnime lead^ in the otber direedon iiom the Place 
d'Aimes to the older quarters, with their pictnresque Tarnieriei. 
rnrlher on, on tho banka of the Soille, Is the Forte des Allemends 
i 1^46-48), a quaint old town-gate, restored in 1893. 

Tbfl Battle HbUi of lOlli and Wm Aopial, iSTO, lie lo the W, of 

|9-l()'hrs.), and may be moal mnvenientlj icoDiapliBhed either enUrsly by 
rarriagH (two-horse carrfagB BO-36 fr,, Ibe test at the prineipal hotels), ur 
hj- lakluK the train tn Ars (p. 133) or lo AmmTillir, (p. 128), and proeeert- 
ine Uience by umnibua. The SattU ef KaoimUtt, fouglil un tlielflth Aug., 

fewer Ihan 13.^,000 FreBEli Iroopa isd ITB guns were engagad al tnlervnla, 
while «iQ Oonntn forces emounled lo B7,U00 men with 323 enns. Tie 
Krenirh luis was ealimated at »7e ofliccra and lS,13Hn>eB, and the Oennaii 
luBS at 711 offlreri and lli.0fl9 rank aed Ule. — The eight QermBD (.'orps 
d'Armee eneued in the Balih of aramtlclU, tonght on Ihs ISlb Aug., num- 
bered a)KiatM).00a men, opposed to wham werel^OOD French. ThsUarmkna 
1091 S99 Dnicers and iy,»IQmeD, the French B09 ofncara and 11,T0G men. 

To IheB. ofKetilie (he Bittle Fiildb of Uth Aug. and of Slat Au^. 
and lit Seiit., IBTO. The farmer battle is knuwn to the French as tbe hatUa 
_, .. —I.,,. .,.. ^ — .._. tavenaroed it Ihehallle of CoroinS(y-Jfo<iil(ii, 

Map), lis r( 

erdnn. — The hall 
icn ot the litst and m 
3l Ihrongh the German 

a fan 


OF Bill Aug. ai 

ended m 

n the road to I 
lot tar from tb 
l«, OB Tlta Oct. 

nated In Iba Telreat 

calf, 2>/< H, to Ihs B. or Mali, on STtb Oct., wai alened the capitnlalSon 
of Ueli, whereby the fortrels, wllb 3 marshals, 50 generals, «m other 
offieera, 173,000 men aneludlng 20,000 sick and wounded), 63 anf-- °" 
- — insea, &il fleld-pleceg, and 800 fortress- ei> na , togelher wilt 



Id 3*/.-1*/i h 

5*jf Mpf-)^ "SV' l' JtmUUril ibe ju'DCtionlor lie linefr™ Mat. To' 
Saacbrlfcken, 39 H. Baudiir/ or Btnulrnff is also a slntlou on tbe Hancy 
and anweemilnd Una (p. 103). At (t7 H.) AarUsintngm wfi ie^K tAu& ^ia 

■ " 'Il'/i M.J Baarbitni (Ft. fiomliDiiTin — ' — 

rii and Kancy lo Btiasataaiit U'A ¥ 
^-, „ vliFrouard and NiLnos.ian*. V,B.a ^^t'S!S 


and Mrcopliiel of Ibe 13lh ceniurj. — A bruidi-line nna fcem UftrM- 
sani-Jouure 10 (30 M.) Uantmirrtil ()ee belong 

Tbe Uain crosses two bridges, thieads a tnnnal, 1030 mlt. 
long, cioeses a third bridge, and skirts tbe left bank. — WV. 
Nanteail-Saai^. Beyond [52 M.) Hogejil-l' Atlaad le snotber tnnncL 
To the left diverges the line from Ohate&u- Thierry to Li ¥tn(- 
Milon (Gee p. 114). 

59 H. CbfctMn-Tliierr; (Bu^it-BBtrl; Elephant: Angittem}, 
an attractive town «itb T063 inhab. and manuractories of wiml 
instrumenta, is situated on the right bank of theMame, about '/jH. 
from the station. 

Beyond the bridge, to the right, is a mediocre Statue of La Fan- 
taiju [ ees below), by Laitld, Farther on is i Belfly daUng fron the 
16th century. We ascend from the aquere by a flight of 102 stepi to 
the mined Castte, whith we enter from the right. This eastle, add K 
hate been bniit by Charles Martel in 720, was beaiep;ed and lAtH 
by the Engliahin 1421, by Charles V. in 1544, and by other auaU- 
anta on Taiions other occisiona. It has now almost completely dis- 
appeared, with the exception of lis enter ramparts, and the plateul 
on whicb it stood baa been conTerted into a pleasant promenadth 

Qnitting the ruins by the small gateway in the tower on thi 
outer wall, opposite the entrance, we descend in the direction oftlie 
College. The adjoining house (So. 12), protected by a railing, ia &t 
house in which J. de ia Fontaine (1621 -So), the fabulist, was bonii 
it now contains a library and a small muienm. Id the Qrande (toe, 
lower down, lisei the uninteresting Oivrch (15tb cent.). 

(funa » fr. 8B, 6 fr. GQ 1 fi. 3A c). — TMa 1 

g H/rSlut. 


©;/,M.ijf^ii^(Met,olow),i , -. . . 

ul tbe SuratUH and the Dlmii. I'arl of the watcr-iapply uf Pirig <■ ietini 
from the Dhoii by meana of an aqueduct, Bl H. long, buliiiiiii« at (Ul IIJ 
Parfnt'la-Dhvlt. — 31Vi H. aonteurail CiMM dn rwt.ObliiolJ, atowaof 
UtUOistaab., Xtualed un a Ull tommandini lbs pntty Tallsy of Uia MN 
Jferix, li Doled (or a vistory gained by KapolroB otu the Alliu in 1811, 

Jiei [o tbe 8.W., aurroaEided by a tarn park, waa raaeniflcently tcbailt 
ill tHe ITtb cent, by LuuToig, the mlnlsler of war of Loula XIT. - U I. 
SiUmm.. alio > Matlnn nn the line fTom Parii to Tllry vii CoalomBln 
.__ „ ,],j gjj„, »od join Ibl 

a urmcu.iiuc niBO from Chf-— •"'' ■"' 

Brmy (y. IIS), on tUi line frDin Paris I 

At Chateau - Thierry begin the 

64l/a M. MHyi branch to Romilly, ai 

Henri of Gntse defeated the Germans and Huguenots' in '1675, kot 

recelTed tbe wound which gave binj the aumame of 'Lb BaUM* Ot 

•tbe icarreil'. A little fitlbet on, lo the light, is Troiity, i " ' 

bandsonie chaxch of the 16tb tent., aTiiWi.lie\BUK*ftii 

priory ot Bimon and the plateau ot CKaillloi>^>M-l*o-'™ 

boIouaS fiCatne of Popa Urban U. tlQil-^^"!, "'^a ""»* " 

Mghbonchood, was erected in 188T,ttoio a ie6'iw.>j-i» 

78 M. Pofl-a-Binson. Ne&r (84 M.) Damery-BoursauU, tb» next 
station, rieee (to the right) the 'Ckatemi ofBavriaull, in the RensK- 
fance style, now the propsTty of the Durhefse d'Uz^s. 

88 M. Epenu;. — HbW.. Dr i,'Bdsopi, Roe PoMb-Lbumi di 
Pabie, Plide Aiilwii-Ho^l, peni. Vklr.; H^t.-Rkbt. de !.• Q<ihs, Plaae 
TbierB. — Oafii. £e niH<, Rue Porle-Luca; ; Aumudm, PlBCBThlBni elc. 
- 'Buffcl Bi ibe slJiiion, 

Eptrnnj, the Spamacum of antiquity, » town with i9,377 inbab., 
prettily sitaated on the left tiank of the Macne, is one of the centres 
of the cbampagDe-ttade. The handsome hoases in the suburh of 
L't FoUe, on the E., eloBe to which the train passes as it qnile (h« 
(own, afford eome indication of the lacrettve nature of the local 
industry. Either bore or at Bheims [p. 122) a visit sbonld be paid 
10 one of the vast Cfliarsofthochainpagne-mikera, consiBtlngofloiiK 
galleries, hewn in the chalk lOck, containing handredE of thousands 
of bottles and admirably adapted for the onmeTODS delicate opera- 
lions necesBBry for Ibe production of the wine, 

i:iianipBEne )• Bald to bavt besD Invented at the beginDlne of lail 
untDTj, fti diBtiagaLihint; qanlity of elTerveaceace ii d ae to the fact that Iti 

■--"-- -bBn loBi,.., 

ir than foami 

wbUe thai 

i of IhB latter in 


by 111 Bne transpi 

U'enoy and h; 

ncUTfl alTi 

muK prodaced b? preitrinE the 

placed In 

caslu until It hr. 

■ depOBllBd it! 

. lees. The liqntd 


Qned by the aiiditi 

Th™ in'onlliB 

J, ^Jk drawn of 

renuentBtlon ■ 

Ib indacad by the 

indy and bran 

dy. Tbe hoiUet bib 

1 Ibiak glags, we 

igblng 2&-m 01 

them bre= 

k dnring the fer 

the temperotc 


"'"hit Sed?ffle 

coUeeted, ' 

r, in the necks 

cif the tiottleg by placing tbom b 

raCki iehi 

is then got rid 

ofhyaprooeas call 


■i, in whitb (b« 

I to fly oat. The b 

Dltlei are tbti 


r^iy to, ..]. 

'oiKii (KomlUy), 3671 M.. railHD. 


Cfivrei. t tr. BO. 1 

3 fr. 10 e., a ( 

r.l, - Thi. line A 

rigHt hon 

1 the airsashurg 

railway at «'/» M.) Oitvlfaratil. 

and tra-retie 

a wlna-gri 

mine di«triijt. tl 

i (8Vi M.) .1^ 

:. and Cll M.) Vrl 

'«.. - aOVi H 

the line from Far 

ig b. Vitc,-le 

FraofoiB I 

■ji. »3), from whleh there dive 

rgel, at Bi^atiat, 6 

to Romlllv (p. 39[i). 



A/Ftli»i (Meileruii HetlJ, >< 

92 M. OirylHarmil, see above. About 3 SL to the S. of (99 M.) 
Jatom-tei-Vignei, near the Obatesu of Ecurj/ at Champigntal, Is a. f 
very ancient heronry, occupied by (he birds from Fehi to Augnst. 

107>/i M. CUIonB-HLT-Hanie. - HoteU. Da i,a Haute-MKib- 
Dlau tPl. »-, 0, a), DO KSmaii (PI, b; C,2), PUce deUftfe^o\i\\n]it'S!. &*&, 
ptoM.V/rSfr.i oiiaClochs dOb (Pi. 01 1), 2), Rae at. Jac<VM»U,&WH"Su1.«. 



140 Roate 19. CHALONS-SL'B-MAENE. 

between 10 p.m. and midnlgbt, IVn at night 3 tr.; perbr., a. 2i/), or 8 h. 
— To L'Epbii, e fr. there and back, wilh ita; of f he. — BlseblD Trun- 
«ay(. From Ibc Slallon (PI. A, 3) tr> Xht Fmiaure SI, Jtaa [Fl. E, 3); tt<m 
the PilU-FauKliTu (eomp. Fl. A, 3) ta the Faohma-a St. Jacinut (PI. D, 1) : 
IB or ao c. 

CtaioTW-'ur-Mnrne, with 2fi,630 inhib. , is the chief town »f 
tlie depBTtment of the Mamt , the headquartere of tbe 6th AimT 
Corps, and tlie seat of a hialiop. It ia also an important centre ot 
tbe Fhampagne trade. 

ChSloDa, (lie CatalaimMa of Ihe Bomans, is mcntiuDed na euly u the 
Srd cenlnr;. In ISi the Dfugbbunrbood was the scene of tba.ere&t d«twt 
nf Altila and bis Huns hy the Romnns and the allied Franks and TislEotha, 
Tbia sanguinary and hard-vton viclury, reckoned by Sir Edward OntMj 
flmon|£ the 'Fifteen Decisive BsttlES of lie World', cheeked Allila's 'mlRhl* 
allempt (0 found a new antl-Cbriilian dynul; upon tHe wreck of llie wb- 
poral power of Hume'. In liao and 11S4 Ike town sncceaifully defeBdiA 
ilBEir asainsi attKcksby IheEnifllahi but in 1814 it was uccnpiad by thcPrac 
siani. in IBie by the Bn^sians, and in Aug., 18T0, by the Gennani. 

From the Slation (PI. A, 2) we torn to the left, cross the rul- 
way, the Mame [which Hows in an artitlcial channel excavated in 
1776], anl flnally the lateral canal, at the entrance of the town 
proper. Thence the Rne de Mame leads straight to the Hfitel deVille. 

TLa Cathedral (PI. B, C, 2}, to the right in this street, is a hand- 
some Gothic ediiloe, built in the 13th cent and recently reetoied. 
The large portal, in the dassic style, was added in the 17th centnij. 
The fine interior contains some stained glass of the 13-lBth cent., * 
canopied high-altar, witli six rnaible columns, two handaome tomb- 
sUiTies, ou the plUare to the left and right of the choir, and sevanl 
other works of art. 1'he choir is prolonged into the nave, ta at 

Opposite the cathedral is the /nilKittlon Su Elienne, a tlie«I«^ 
inal seminary. The sq^uare in front of it is embellished with • ifr- 
prodaction of Merei^'s 'Gloria Victls', now l[i Paris. To tlie left b 
tbe HBW Dicu (PI. B, 2), fnoniied in the ISth century. — Tb* 
Epiieopat Palat^e (PI. C, 2), in the Hue <lu Cloitre, behind the cUb- 
edral, contains a gouil cnlleutinn of GO ancient paintlngi^, preeentvi 
hy the Abb£ JaaQn^s [d. 1S1U). — llie RneLocbet, diverging fton 
the Rne de Hanie beyond the cathedral, lead» to the Jsrd ( p. 14]), 
passing the EcoU des Arli el Mi'lieri (PI. C, i-2}. 

The H6tct de Viiie (PI. C,2], erected in the tSth cent., preseoM 
few featoies of interest. In front is a MonumerU to President Conut.' 
The building to the right aoiilniiis the LliiraTy, with about 70,00t 
TOla. [open daily, eiuept Wed., 12 to 5|, and the iftisie (•(!■.' 
Sun. and Thurs., 12 to i or b: to strangers on other dafs also\ < 

Id the luurt beiireen the library sad the Hus^e achurch-iiorlal ortlu' 
ITtb ecat. bm been re-erected, aaA « goad calleclioD of Hlodoo (Oli 

iarei. — On the first floor «e naViTnl ViiloTi' re 
ID e*TVBd wood nf noleaFrencli'woili*otart,HAOi'.Coli«j»« 
*H« oWefly of furniture, amaH «oiV, o* HV w^I^^b! 
»e list a„ a st. Jerome by Vtm Z'JtX^ Wo Ci\il- »<-^"»-S S' 


gfc»- ^.- 


CHIlONS-SUR-MASNE. IS.Soutt. 14 1 ' 

Woman ucribed to Renbrandl, and a Tilampb ofDIani by i 

The chntcb of Notre-Dame (PI. C, D, 2), a few yard« telilnd the 
Hotel de Vllle, sesonil in interest to the cathedral alone, dates fiom 
the 13-14th cent, arid presents a anion of the RomanCGiiiie and 
GotMc Etyle& It hss twa towers, eurmounted by modern spices, on 
■he facade, and tno others Ui the E. of the traiiEeplfi. The Etoinod 
glaEs windows (16tL cent.) aie fine, especially the Sist two on the 
left Bide. The aisles are provided with capacious galleries, and the 
three chapels in the apse are each preceded by two column?, from 
which the Tiolting springs. There are BBTaral " 

yaribor OP towardj ibe B., on ibc outukiris of tlie lown, 19 1 
of Ht Loup [, daline from Ibfl li-16th cent., with a hani 
reoenlli leelored iotcrior. It cODt&ins a slatae of Gt. Oiriatophe 

in the !nd cbapel on Ibe ciglil. — Ttie cburtA of SI. Jelia [P 

To the left of the Place ile l'H6teI-de- Villa is the chntch of 
St. Alpln {PI. C, 2J, dating from the 12-13th, and 15- 16th centnriee. 
It contains nnroerous Bneient paintings, the chief of which are a 
Christ, in the style of Albrecbt Durer, signed Ant. Perot and dated 
I66I (in the 3rd chapel to the right), a Christ at Emmaus, after 
Pb. de Champaigna, and a Bearing of the Cross, attributed to Perii- 
gino (in the following chapels). This church has also some Qne 
stained glass of the IBlh centnry. 

The Place de la Rfyubllque (PI. 0, 2), a little besfotid St. Alpln, 
Torms the centre of the town. To tile right, at its other end, is the 
JtiTd (PI. B, C, 3; hand on Sun. and Thnrs. afternoons), a pablic 
park lying in front of the ChSttau die Matt^A, a small erection of the 
17-18th cent,, partly restored, and now occupied by a savin gi-bank. 
The Rue I.oobet, built above s canal passing under the chliteaa, 
leads hencB back to the tewn, passlnp; on its way a handsome Syn- 
agogue and a iVotfal-inl Otiirrl,. The Jard is bounded on the right 
by a ciiial, between which and (he Mam e lies Vaa Jardin Anglaa 
(P1.B,3). — On the left i^ the Cour* (ft>rm<ason (PI. C, 3), with au 
AgrioM^iral Laboriilory and the Jardin d« Pionies. At the end of 
the CouiB is the Prf.feclure (PI. D, 3), erected in the 18th cent, fac- 
ing the Bne Ste.Croii, in which are the modern j4rcfijv(!i. The Qrand 
SSminalre, to the right of the pr^fectnie, contains a small goologioal 
and archiBoIoginal museum. At the end of the Rue 6te. Croli rises 
tiie Btill unfinished Porte Ste. Croix (PI. D, 3), a triumphal arch, 
60 fi. high, erected in 1770 to welcome Marie Antoinette. 

tlig fanner Mamar of JaeqHeum, dow uiefl l.s x diittUei^, ^iiavioi^, »■« 
luMli-boaie. Cannectei wilb il are 7 M. of eeUaraee, ^6ii& VtV^a ^Suft 

■">. JUDODS for i(3 beautiful and »oocli-it6i\««'>^=^ •^'*^ 


142 BovU 19. VITRT-LB-FRASgOIS, 

rhwdi, bnjll in 1150-1629 Ic 

1 Ebeplierdi. Tbe 

impletaly n 
tho IStli cen 

on) I I 

vli Verdnn 

sBd the 
£ p. 3(XI aacBl I 

n. Ftdid ChUoBB-BUi-lfanie to 'Sa.-aej. 

Iia M. EiiDWAT in 2J/(-6i/i lira, (tares 20 fr. 35, 13 ft. BO, S ft. 30 c). 

The line aMrts the chalk hills on ths right bank of th« Htrne, 
traiersinj; the nide plain known aa the Champagne PouiUaue. 
At(108V2M. from Purie) Cooius the line W I'myes [p. 300) diyergei 
to the riglit. 116Va M. Vitry-la-ViUe, with » chitenu of the 18th 
cent., to the rij;ht; 1231/2 ^- f-oity, with a haDdsome Oothic chnreb 
of the 13th cent., tfl the left. Wb nent orosa tho Mamt and reach — 

127 M. Titi7-le-Piaii90iB (*S6tel dcs Voyageura. Rue de 
Vau^ 34; Cloche (fOf, Rue de Prignicoari 44; dtla Qate), a tows 
with SlOO ItUiah,, (Ottuded on a regular plan in 1615 by Francis L 
in place of Viiryle-Br&U, 2Va M. to the N.E., which was destioyed 
hy Charles V. in 1644. The Avenne Carnot, constructed Einuc 189A 
on the alte of the former forHftcatloiis, leada diraetly from the atatioa 
to a nen square, embellished with s, monument commemorating (hs 
Review at VUry In 1891. Behind is the H&ttl dc ViUt, contalnln| a 
small iWusfi'e, which inolwdea natural history and antiquarian collec- 
tions and the pictn re-gallery and curiosities collected by the lata 
VLee-Admical Page. Thence the Rue Domin^-de'Verzet leads v> 
the Plaix d'Armet, in the centre of the town , whence radiate tha 
three other chief stteeta (Rne de Frignioonrt, Rne da Vaujt, anil 
Rue dn Pont). On the left side of the Place is the church of fSolH 
Dame, a large and handsome sdiilee of the 17th cent., containlnG 
two noteworthy monnmants of the end of the 18th century. In ■ 
small square l« the right is a bronze statue, by Marochetti, of P. F, 
RoyfT-CoUard (1763-1845), philosopher and poUtician, born in tba 



ESSAiBBtTrnjM, Cb 
c.,4Ir., afr. BOcJ. 
UyerBM la SI. Di„W 



le-0h4taau fl.Vc/x Slancni 

broDBB statue o£ XapelK 
e Ville, comaiemorates (li 
ggl. on Jan. 29th, iSli, be 


□f Biitean, !■ 
also Iba nam 
n and BlucJia, 

in which the latter was forced to retire. Bricone bu eCthb nama ta* 1 
funilFurdls^DctlDD, one of whose mcmberB. Jean, was Ring urjeraiala I 
iB ISS and Rmjierur of Oonstanlisople In illSi-37. Above the Un I 
rfj&r Ibe lug-} OMItaa a! the filiitB fto BaM5Kn...iH-&iB«*M.-j, dalla( I 
ftwio tbe iBlh oeaiurT. The paik. Is open lo 1,'Qb ^uWia, stA *« cn-iwi^ \ 
■l'^,''V.-J' (ni™r.>"S portraits) iB iW i»Wrt»' »"1 ^^i^f^i*^-;^ 

Wa Pinef, see p. 300. 


yond OB'I'! HO Diavilli. We nair t^ the llou bom Ttorc 

JHsninfli. We nair jolo the llou bon 
H/i H.) /ufofnj (p. 300). 


Beyond Vitry the luilw&y crossea the Mame for the tut time 
and aldits the lihine and Mame Canal, which bsgins at Vitry and 
ends at the lU, near StraEabnrg, a distance of 105 M. — The Bcenery 
now becomeii monotonous, i'ib^ji M. BleMne-EaniuKnAmont (eiaaU 
Bvj[ti) is the Junction for Chinmotit and Epinal (see p. 307]. 143 M, 
Sermaiit (Hot. de la Cloche; de la Sotirce, at the Etabliaseioent); 
oil the Saalx, with a small ElabUssemait de Baina, l/^ M. froin the 
station, Eapplied by a mineral spring resembling that of Gontrex^- 

We next ciosb the Sanlx, the Rhine and Harne Canal, and tliB 
Ornain, and reach (148 M.) Reoigny-tuT-l'Omain. 

B»nEb-Tsil«ay to (171/2 U .) SI. iXifer, lee j. 307; to Amagni-Lucqai,, vii 
^U. Maittould, eee p. 131. Local rallwaya algo tud Id Ibe S.B,, tbraiigb the 
TsJIej ti! IliB SaDli, to (IfiVs H.) BairenniUt, and (o tbo ».£., la (21 '^ H.) 
Triaucourl, -ni, {ii H.) LUtM«-&an-eis, whence a biaach diTsrgci to ibnbnv 
eourmai-PeU (p. W). 

IfiT'/a M. Bu-le-Dnc. - Hotsl.. Do Ciobe (P1. a; B, aji D> Han 
4buCoiike«o»(P1. bi B,aj, Rue de IsEDcheUo Nos. S t ITj de tiGin^ 
with call:, oppaiile IhL. Osre de I'Esl (Fl, C, 1), — Oalea. S« Oiieaiir, at 
the theatre (we below); ii.mfctri, at (ho Hilel da Hetii <lt la Gore. 

Oabi. Fer drive In the ViUe Baaio, 1 fr.; lo Ike Vlllc llaate, li/i f'.t 
per hr. (1-J pen.) 3 fr., each .ddlt. pew. 60 t. 

Bar-lc-fiuc, the ancient capital of the Dukes of liar and Che ohlef 
town of the depanment of the Meust, with lB,2fiO inhah., is eltnated 
on the Otnam and the heights ciaing on ite left bank. It was the 
birth-place of the second Duke of Quiae (1519-63), Marshal 
Ondinot (176T-I847), and Marshal Etelmana (1776-1852]. Bat- 
lo-Duc U noted for its preserves, and it also prodtices good wine. 

The busiest part of the town is the 'Ville Basse', which is inter- 
sected from E. to W. by the Bue de la Rochelle, the principal street. 
At (he E. end of this street is the new charth of St Jran (PL 8 ; 
[>, 2), an imposing edifice iu the ilomanesque style, of which the 
lofty choir, with a canopied altar, is raised above a crypt. J 

The Rue Entre-deui.- Fonts, leading to the left at the other end I 
of the Rue de la Kocbelle, begins at the Monument of the Michaun, I 
who introduced important Improvements in the manufacture of \ 
licycJes, and passes the elaborate Renaissance facade of the Theatre 
(PI. 18; B, 2). Behind the latter is the Cafi dei Oieeavt, one of 
the sights of the town , the fine saloon of which is surrounded by 
glass-cases, containing stuffed birds and other animals. — Farther 
on is the Place Reggio (PI. B, 1), embeUished with a bronze statUA. 
by J. Debay, of Marshal Oudinot, Duke ot Regglti (san iftitivfc^. — 
yartierap, to the lett, is tho ohnrch of Si. Antoint ^¥\.6-,16i'^> 
of tit idtb cent, with good window- tiaceiY a-ni BM.\iys\ ^\»at, ». 
i^l.v'^ ?/""" '^'"""''^ ""ws beneath tte tbuTciv. 
m^e yuhmme; or upper town, is Mmma.y«4*i -o-i » ^V 


144 Rcute la. BAR-LE-rUO. 

Toicer, which may be reached from St. Ant 
I'Horloge and fha Roe da rArmurier. 

The church of Si. EtUnne or Si. Pierre (PI. 7; C, 3) is ,_ 

cipal bnilding in Bar-le-nnc. It dates from the 14th cenL, vtflLAT . 
exception of the portal, flanked by a tover, which was idded U tlu 
end of the following centory. The screens of the two chapeli la Iht 
right aisle ara noteworthy, hut the chief object of interest i»»'Slalai 
(in tbe right transopt), by Ligier Richer, of St. Mihiel in Lomine 
(p. 131), a papil of Micliael Angelo, repreeenCing a corpse In wliicll 
decay has already set in. It is carved of St. Mihiel gtoae soaked in 
wai and oil to give it the appearaiine and durability of marble, inj 
I'ocmed part of the tomb of Ren^de Chalons, Prince of Orange, wka 
was killed in iHi at tlie siege of St. Uiziec. 

No. '21, Place St Pierre, a handeome old house of the eulf 
Renaissance period, contains a small Musie, open to the pablie OR 
San., 1-4, and to strangers at other times also. U 

The coUoctiODB, occupjrins torn sbIouhb, compriia spEcimf nj of mBuU 
LiFtoiy, a sDiali giUery or painlioge (i^biefly modern), sonie ■oulplarM. Ik 
portion of an allar-pipce {Daath of the Virgin a,nd AaiompUon), tal ^ 

fif Tintorollo hy himielf and sumE camuaB of Ilia old French ichool; ft»^ 
auolpturej include aalliiue hnsla nt Trajan and Hidrian. 

There are a unmber of other interesting old buildings ia Ib^ 
'ViUeBaute', especially in the Rue des Dues -de -Bar. A hoiseaK^ 
which Prince Charles Edward Stuart lived for three years It il»^ 
pointed out. At the apper end of the Rue des Ducs-de-Bar il C— -^ 
PSi}ui«, a promenade shaded by fine elms. The Avenue da Chitii il^»i 
at the other end, passes near the romains of ihe Chtiteaa (PI.2iB,3_^ 
destroyed in the 17th century. In the Rue I.apique, which 1e»i^^ 
down lYom this vicinity to the Rue de ta RocheUe (p. 143), is te- ^ 
mtet de VilU (PI, 0, IX formerly OudinoVs mansion. 

Fbom B>i-i.B-Dur TO C1.ER11DVT-1H-A1100SHB tva tu Viriihn, Sfi atw" 
ii H. Thii railway bu a ipecial Mation in the Bae St Hiliiel la Bg^ 

line'divergea (0 LUf-en-Bairtti (p. 1^. — At (Ifll/i M.) Bt^urit lilt HB»* 
fnAi. one branch leading to (SQM.) C^tormoxMn-^rgoane (p. 131), Ilia iilt^^' 
tu [12 M,) FtnJlin (p. tU). 

161 M. LonyMiHr; 164Vi! M. NanfoU - TroninlU. Kailwaj *^ 
Neufchatean-Epinal, seep. 308. To the right is the Marne cui>J< 
which farther on makes s wide curve and enters the valley of ds' 
Mouse by means of a tunool 2'^j M. long, while the railway bend* 
10 the left. Beyond (171 M.) Emenourt-LoieviUe the train enlel* 
the cuttings by which the line pierces the heights beiweea Ik* 
valleys of the Seioe and Mouse. — 178 M. Liroiioille. | 

Kallway lu Ssdan vli FiMu>, sei! p. 131. I 

i83 M. CommeToy (HZiel de Pavis], a town with 8100 iiihalk, B J 
situated on an arm oftheMeusc. "nia OiauoM ol fe* S-llii osft.^ ^ 
vbJch the train passes on nuitrinE tiie ftW.tiao.,-WM «. o^«. ■&>»** 
residonce of Stanislaus, Ring olPoUnft.'O'aJi.e ofUi.T« 
h hero Cardinal da Keti (d. 1679) wtMa \iV». mftrotftt*. TA'* 

MKmqf- TOUL. la.llovu. 145 

barrbeks. In the Cowu is a bronze Slatut of Dam Calmtt (1672- 
67), the learned Metorisn, who waa born in the naighbonrliood. 
Hnmercy is noted for its 'Madeleines', akind of cake {1 fr.20c,-2fr. 
ir boi> 

The train now crosses two arms of the Mtuie. 188 M. Softy, 
eyand which a tannel, 612 yds. long, is traTersed. 

191 M. Pagny-snr-MBuie (Uuffti-Htiel). Riilway to Nenf- 
lUMau and Epinsl, see li.40e. We now enter the valley oftke 
losaUe by a tunnel 3/4 M. long, and onoe more approach the Rhine 
nd Uune Canal. — 194 M. Foug. 

199 M. Toul {HStel de Mctz, Kue Gambetta; dt la Cloche £Or, 
ae de la Itepabliqne), the TtiUwn Leucorum at the Komaus, la 
lie of the most ancient towns in Lorraine aud has been the seat of a 
Isliop far 1200 years. It is a fortresE of the first cIses, and was taken 
' the Germane on Sept. 23rd, 1870, after a siege of thirty-eight 
.ya. Pop. 12,200. The (own is situated between the canal and the 
Dselle, about '/j M. from the station. From the Porie de France, by 
lidive enter bom the station, theRne Thiers and Rne Osmbelta 
kd. towards the centre of the lawn and are continued by the Itue 

la R^publlqUB (to the right} in the direction of the Porte de la 
'telle, where the river is spanned by a bridge dating from 1770. 
The church ot SI. GensouU, a fine Gothic ediflceof the 13-i5th 
It., ]e reached by turning to the left at the end of the Kne Gam- 
'ta. The interior is unusually lofty, and the large windows are 
Bd with fine stained glass of the 13th cent. The finest part ot the 
irch is, however, the beautiful I'lamboyant Clohleri, to the N. of 
> nave, dating from the 16th centory. These are enclosed on both 
Bs \,y six double arcades resting on very light and gracefal columns 
1 separated from each other hy small trnneated columns. Theclois' 
8 give on a email square, through which we may reach the church 
Bt, Etienne, via (he Hue Lafayette (right), Riio Michfilel (left). 
1 Rue Lionville (right). 

*fil. Eiienne, the former cathedral, is noteworthy for its size 
d its harmoniODs proportions, and still more for its beautiful W 
'nt, which is flanked by two light and gracefnl towers, terminating 

octagonal lanterns. The choir and transepts date from the 13th, 
*. nsTB from the 14th and IQth, and the favade from the 15tli cent- 
^. The ' CCciiters wbich adjoin this fine chvrch on the S. were built 
' the 13-llth cent, and are larger and even more beauHfnl than 
lose of St. Gengoull. They form a rectangle, 7G yds. long and 
^ yds, broad, and consist of 22 sections with four arches, each with 
iiu small clustered columns and two small isolated columns, 
niides the arclway to the court. — The CltafcL eutetttA &ina "iifc 
loitters contains a lerge altar-piece, with Bgnteata tftW m" 
menang the Adoeation of the Shepherds. 

ne large and Imposing M&Ul de VWe , A>\ii\t "v\\ Ovft V6.<iii sftW^^ 

ftirmerly the bishop's palace, 

'■'"■'--.i WwrlitTU France, Brd Edit. 

From St. Etleniie tha ilue d'lnglemiirn leads to ihe Rut *nd 
l&QB ds U li^piibliijua, in tha lattar of which is a gcod oafis. 

• .( the Hoiells fnim Toul to (10 M.) 


InteregllDS «.«ni« (pirl , .. . 

FFom Toal to mreaiuH DDd to Spinal, >ea p. 310. 

As the train leaves Tool wo enjoy a flue tiew, to the right, 
both its churches and espeeially of the l^cade of 8L Eticnrie. 
croae the ranal and then the Moitilt. — Wi M. t'onienoy-iuT'i'io- 
stlU. The river and canal niti p&rallel to the railway, We again 
cross the river and reach (210 M.) LlvtnliM, fliiely aitualed to tlin 
left, with reiuains of rortifleitlonB. Thi^charch, containing lute r- 
onting aculptnrsB , dates from the Ifttli cent, ; Ilia goTernnr's honse 
from the i6ib. — The tunnel (to the left), TiM yds. long, by which 
tha einal is carried beneath the town, and the bridge |to tha right) 
hy whlnh it crosses the MoseUe, near the railway- bridge, are scrik- 
iiig examples nf engineering skill. Tha scenery at this point is, pnr- 
liaps, the most beaatlfut on the entire jaamey. 

At (aUMO Fronaid (llvffel-mtel), a village of BUSS iiihah., the 
railway to Meti(Ii. 18a) diverfes to the left, while thf line lo Nancy 
i]uits the valley of the Moselle and enters the valley of the Henrthe, 
— 21G M. Oiamjiignmttea, with iron-works. Railn'ay to Chuteau- 
Halina, Vic, etc., see p. Ifi2. — In the distance, to the left, we 
catch a glimpse of Nancy. — 31 {I M. Nimcy (Hail. UestaDrant). 




u Ei'ii, 

XV. name 



lacs eUnlf 


2, variou 



"f, pBB 

a. if 


.CR (Pi! 

".-, B, 1), 

1U9B, p. 

i)m' Vei 

bt B, C 

1, 1), Rui 

> Aca Car. 

tr.i n'AiiC 


-B, B. 1 


Mi. m 

1, D. 




. OOc-1' 

[IK» (PI 

. BlB, 

kIIb Sii 

;Atx [PI. , 

'iB, tS,F 




■ged .p 

d taOllar 

itiz. B< 


n Fanboi 




the Et 

R., L., C 4. 2V=, 

dij, 8 ft. 



abovBji n 

uS: al 

^•11; a 

Oafia. Ca/i df VOpiro, nl the bepanin^ of Ihc Framenadt, bayood 
Ihc Facte BojelS) Cafldlla C«iuidli, Plaee Btaniilai) Co// da Branil Sau 
(aecabove)iCoBrtmii(o(,itoiJ>niiflAnfiipAEr«,PlnotThlepi,eui.— Braiaariea, 
eraadt BfohvU larratnt. Hue St. Juan B, i4j. »/!, D. 6 tr.; Braiurii 
KidiflofM, Kus de> Hichoiiei G (PI. B, 3), d<<J. SV,, Q. fr, ; Orsiuf^ Uratfrii 
di rsii, at Maiifvllla [oloaed In winter). 

Oaba. With fine harte, i'h, loe^agB-cab lift, with tw.. boriu 1'/. fr, r 

dDlgbl lo 

, V>(> 

. ) loPnSvillo lyi.i: 

(8.W.J. Fare 10, 50, or 3 

. Thidl'i Mu-idfial, PUw 
ice SI, Jean ; Caidu dt- ' 

■» (B.); 

■ neaf Uw_J 

PUee StaniOaa. NANCY. 20, BouU. 147 

PMt k Telegraph Office (PL 0, 4), Bue de la Constitation 9; also at 
the railway-station. 

Akths. Bains du Ceuino^ Passage du Casino (PI. G, 4), Kue St. Dizier 21, 
ind Bue des Dominicains W; Bains du Petit-Pcuis^ Bne Pierre-Fourrier 16 
?»1. C, 4). 

French Protestant Service in the Temple, Place St Jean, at 10a.m. 
— French Methodist Chapel, Bue Ste. Anne 6; services at 10.30 a.m. 

Among the specialties of Nancj are Embroidery, Macaroons, and Art- 
istic PotUry and OUus, 

Nancy, the capital of the Departement de Meurthe'Ct- Moselle, 
and the seat of a bishop, formerly the capital of Lorraine and the 
seat of the dnkes, of whom Stanislaus Lesczinski (d. 1766), ex.- 
king of Poland, was the last, is situated on the Meurthe, and con- 
tains 96,300 inhabitants. It was greatly embellished by Leopold 
[d. 1720), predecessor of Stanislaus, and is one of the best-built 
towns in France. The surrounding vineyards contribute much to the 
beauty of the situation. The University of Nancy has risen in im- 
portance since the annexation of Strassburg to Germany, and its Ecole 
Forestihre, or school of forestry, is the only establishment of the kind 
in France. Until quite recently the British Government regularly 

sent pupils to this school under the charge of an officer. 

After taking Nancy in 1475 and losing it again in the following year, 
Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, was defeated and slain beneath its 
walls by the Duke of Lorraine and the Swiss on Jan. 5th, 1477 (new style). 
Nancy was one of the first pl&ces in which the Bevolutionary spirit was 
shown by the troops in 1790, and Carlyle gives a vivid account in his 
^French Revolution'' of the uprising of *Ch&teau-Vieux^ and its suppression by 
Bouille. In 1870 the town was occupied by the Germans without resist- 
ance. — Among the famous natives of Kancy are Callot (1593-1635), Syhsutre 
(d. 1691), and St. Urbain (d. 1758), the engravers; ffiri (1701-63), the ar- 
chitect; Domda«fe (1777-1843), the agriculturalist; i/ar«Aa/2)rotto/ (1774-1847)-, 
Isahey (1767-1855), the painter, and GrandvilU (or Girard; 1803-47), the 
caricaturist (p. 150). 

The Place Thiers (PI. A, B, 4), in front of the station, is adorned 
with a statue of Thiers (1797-1877), President of the French Re- 
public, by Guilbert, erected in 1879. The town is entered by the 
Porte Stanislas, one of the seven handsome gates of Nancy. Farther 
on, to the left, are the Place Camot and (3ours Leopold (p. 151). 
To the right, in a small square in front of the Lycie, is a Statue 
ofDombade (see above) by David d' Angers. The former Vniversite, 
to the left of the square, now contains a Public Library, with 
86,000 vols, and 5000 MSS. (open daily, except Sun. and holidays, 
9-12 in summer, 9 a.m. to 10 p.m. in winter). The Rue Stanislas 
leads hence to the square of that name, crossing the Rue St. Dizier, 
the busiest in the town. 

The *Flace Stanislas (PI. G, 3, 4), the finest point in the town, 
t^th a bronze Statue of Stanislaus Lesczinski, by Jacquot, erected in 
1831, is suirounded with handsome edifices by H^r^, and adorned 
^ih tasteftil iron railings of the 18th cent., and two monumental 
buntains. To the E. rises the Episcopal Palace, to xXife '^ . xXi.^ 
theatre, to the N. (at a little distance) the Porte Ilov«Xe ^^. V^^^^ ^^^ 
o the 8. the Hdtel de Ville. 


148 BouUSO. NANCY. tfutl^^^B 

The HAtel de Ville (PI. C, 4), built In tbe ITtb cent, coDtUns 
■ very haiidsoraB ball or coiicurt room, with frescoes by Girndet of 
Nancy (1709-73), s,nA s Sue sUiruise with vfroDght-iroD buiisten 
by Lamour. Setersl rooms are occupied by t, Mtuie, coDtuolng id- 
rieat and modern piintingE, op«n to the public on Snn. and Thnra., 
from 12 (0 4, but scceesible to etraiigecB on other days alsa. 

Knt Floor. - I'uinlinBa. Room I. To tie righl, BO, HtKcio, Hpdunnni 
Hi. HmKfrrrrUo, Mndonnai 129. Ea'ly Copy cf P. F.i'HiiM, ManiMfl u Om-^. 
— 121. rolar, MnnH prBrLng; SO. Jim. CoT'-a™-, Chriit at iha gepnlihre; 
47. C. Doici, Dasntal trom Ibe Cross; 90. P. da CortoM, Cumttan Bihyl 
BnnouBrfnK 10 Anguslus lUe lilrlh of Christ. — 8S. S. Canlariai, HiiljF.niilyi 

Hngels. — 89, OuWo Rem, Clcupitrnj 2Sa. io(t»iW, Bwly^nm of s't. Se- 
liastloo) 213. fli>6«u, TranaBguriitlaii (paln(«a in Italy uadBF lbs iDfliiBBce 
oC Cvsvii«^o)i 3T3. EouatHaimir i>). Good Samiritia; 136. A. Vactara, 
Christ sppBariog lu one o( the Holy Women; 5B1. Knn ffmuiMii, Biiiul- 
Hlnn of ihe money-Chan gersi 423. it aorMw, Death of D^illlw Cp- 1B1)5 
■a, Jacob'ii laddSF; 119. IWsrSM, Obriat at the SepnlchTO; W&. 


in« lotKfffr, flnnnnciaiiifn. — am. ajitr /ifwwraHO*. uqpa samanno; -£- 
J. (tol SirtD, Tobiai and Ihaaanal; 80. Fieraftei f« JfoJtHj, Armoiir, 108. 

EquBHtrian Atataa of Dnke Ohorlea Ell., io bronze, hy Ghaliany, 

OooK n, lo lie left of the entrance. — To tlie riglt. 19. SuarrW, Bl. 
Catharino; 131 SdAdoI o/ Kh-iccAid, OS. Srhcot of OhirlamUuQ, Hidonnui 
60. DinnlafKi (7), Lot and bii daughters. — 12, fiBuano, Gliriatsnd Oalaphsii 
52. Feti, Melancholy (reuUca of the pointini; in the lonvnjji 71. L. dn 
I'.ncH!), SalvatOT Mondli 34. Cafacasgiii , Descant from the CrOBai 1, 
AUirtt, Porlralti 36. Cerqunit, Frulli Bi. FeU, Archangeli 10. it«iu», 
i,„i — no /._-a# c* — 4 ± „* /ii — I..-. Di tr.,- irL[fhl into Egypt; 

8B. Sarlr CtpM of McXaif Jngfle, Bane of Oanymedc 
41. Ngwai, Kadunns, 310. Eosi (Itota M TiwU), Sliapberl and nocki 
SSB. SIradimu!, Bearing nf the Crosi| 419. Jeuteaa, Eafilng of t^tari 

41. (»vm»<, Kadunns, 310. Ooti (Itota M TiwU), Sliapberd a 

"" "■ ■ "- ■ >f the Croaai 418. /cuima, Eafalne of . 

: 2», 201. Jot. YmM. Roman rnlnai 39. CnnKW, 

»\. Francis; eil. ISuarat, Pi»ia dl S. Marco; 138. BalBgnm Schoiil, Mik 
merchant; 38. Cerimc^il, Fnilt; iOD.IUacJ, Dldu< 40. Cigiumi, lufant Uolol 
US. SOudom, Christ and tba Madonna; 121. TinloreUii, Diana; 11. Bauant, 
Chrlat and IhB Holy Women; 49. DommiMnB, flt. Francis of Aaalsti Cr- 
4iiarH, 3T. Qranes, S9(r), Bowls, 130. TbilcmUi, fBDlegoat; 8S2. Le Ouatpn, 
Landacapa; Ufi. Fl/irlnHtie Sdmit, 8t, Cecilia; 114. BpailA Schcal, MarrTaKe 
D(8t.Calharine;109, SaccM, Trlniti^lGS. /. Ohlmljim, SI. John lo thewil- 

Piirtraiti 64. Fr. n>rM,'Proterpliie and Fluto; 61,' Onaaui, Trtnity. — »! 
Smrml), St. Lnoy. 

Boou HI, adjoining, whence a staircaae deiceads lo Ibe asnlpturoi 
tp. U9). To the right: 195. BrtttArrjt,, Landacapei SOS. A. tan Oafcidh 
Biill-lire; 223. Fr. FrmtH, Holy Family ; 314. Van. D^cl. Madonna and ObiU 

Bily i,3J*-^^ 
9 row^w. Fortune-teller 
la rsiTwM, Chri"t after the Bconrgingr ml'BtlbnirioBiib ', SM.""! 

Ireplica of th« painting at DFDSdsnJ; 198, 199. Bn^del, Landscr 
Jtoiiirj llu romfir. Fortune-teller i 221. Fr. Fraaci Ma Yoiavr ano j. 
i Mvmftr, Christ in the desert; 362. Pmrlnt Ihi IMIdrr. PorlraJt; S91. 


Mundl, 2T4. jHiAanj, i;iir 

Piirlratt; 237. J^wHama <?), 

scape; 346. Jfatati, Money-eliangai. , .._. 
^ffBim, Oakjj IBl. Fun Braadarl, Fonltrv- 
ast. J. ant jfiKtOael. Oaka; 196. firiMiMi Uu ysuitfa; vi 
ffflww. isHiiicape ; 390. JVnfara the Toungtr, "*«\ate 

itaBi, Money- eliangatt; aBS. J. PnOrit, Ku-nlet 
IW. Fm flrMota;l._^Ponl try-yard i 189. VmAidi 

, =..iiicapei i 

Xeiiaa^, Hat: -im. Sril 

F. «., Doioh eqok i 228. 7o>> dir Bagm, SoMel i S^O. Eliiaifiur, <ioi 
ilani ')30. Swmitn-t, Pancake!-; 281. Fim P(mi. Winler. ~ W 
DridB;eiajl.£<if»»ricM,VeiiaUblH-SFlLeTai !60, C, J'cefditvrii, Diana 
2ffl. Fan Iftulda, PRrSBBi and AndrDiDEda; 231. Foa Si, Still- 
/. van KoBuWnCf), Portrslt — !Gi. J. (fe Jfwiprr, Oaratani 187. 'FrfHr 
ArtuvAcm. Landiwpei 363. /. JfsUir, LindBispe; 335. franfirU, Abb« 
GnlgoLcei 30e. Flenllli Seboiil, Vllliee fostWil; ilJ. tttlrer, SL Jenmo; 
Sa7. ffwm-lja-, Cilvu;, aermm ZicAool, 3^8. Christ at the S.epd]D]ire, 300. 
Ctrele of children, 387. Bebeadiog uf John the Baptlel « aO>. J'lniiM ^ch»I, 
D«Hent from tUa Cn>B9; 308. Oanwi achool. Rape of Helena 9()6. CrmatA 
Ik, Yimaeerm- Birth or the VirllD; 399. ffcmian 5<A<»I, 8k Jirome; SOS. 
flanHli SehoQl, Adoration of the Shcpbeidnt 1'24. Velvqun, Philip TV.; 102. 
IMara(f}, Sonereeg : li.J. Uihrador, Slill-Ufe! lOi. Eibn-a, Bxvti'.m iifChrlstt 
316. Van OF=*n, Ooant John of Saasan and biii fa.Dilji 386. AfUr K. du 

is Ibe Bolfl (p. HI); 386. i-r. 0<rord, Purirail i 
U1. Monooitm. Qllberl, Ihsposl. in hKBpilal; 
I, Landicape i 4M. Cm- 
Jn'« pari: KM. ffopn o/ 
. ... B, Army of L^lnlB XIV. 
JullDol; 493. Pruihon, Head 
of Christ. 

*. CofptI, Holj ] 

'amllVi an. C. KanlDO, Silanns: above, i'J8. iarjiJHimm, 
Co.»»(1, DtloKB. - 414. Jemral & Berirv, aiill-lifei iil 
uium. inienoT, 468. J*. MiKtard, Lady as SI. Calhariiie, 436. LargiHi^i. 
Portrait; 808. Dtiftria, Game and frniti 440, Ltnuini. Huderalion '<! Scipio ; 
466. tro!HU!i"r, Fluwers and Effll-Ufe; 4B9. Fowl, Vanun and CuplflHi 47B, 
4T9. (Worfcn, 8ESn« s»UnH«*T S8S. Claudi Iwralii (?), landscape. — 317, 
Bautlter, Anror> and Cephalns ; 481. P. mgnara. Madonna , ill. Largitliire, 
Portmlti B38. Vaua, Cupid's revenge i abo.e, Four smBlI portralU altribntei 
ID Clevel! aS-mfroi/, Diana nHtiBBiWa, MS. J. B. FonioD, loul* XV. . 
328. CalMm, Bearing of (be Cross ; 466. JiHftHK.BolTraiid, Ibc archlleel (?) , 
420. LarelUiirt, EliMbeth Cbsrlolie of the Palatioste, Daobefi of OrWms. 
Hook VI, Totberinbl' STB. E. FriaM lofUcntj), Mjl; 470. A. Moriil 
("fBancTl, Craciaiioni 603. SslKs- (of Nancy), Hary Ma? dalen = S!6. fHoni. 
The aculplori iHi. B. wa« Uarctt, FoDBtain, — 532. B. Vtrtia, Harihal 
Drouot; 133. BafaBlU, Edmond de Qoniiuarti 498. JUenlai, After barvesli 
581. Zitgkr. 81. Gonree nnd tlie drQgoii; 573. Evg. Ftyen, Sea-piece: ."MR 
BmnniHi, Landicape ; 413. Jfmial, Lac d'AnnecT I 486. B. L. Lhr, !■ 

308. jffljjte, ""■■- • - — "■--..— ...--.- -Din,. . 

capllies. — 308. SeMlu, Death of Seig, Blandun (Algeria; 18i3)i . 

S61. iJontlmff. LandBOipo; "'" " — - ■ —■' 

Kymph; 16B, Murol, Indden 

u de la /Vno , The glade ; 

.... ! — - -■—-—-■■-'"--■ 

;.)! KK. Winter, HUD! OM. Sillior, Lsanderi aw, Ciip\ 
, 833, Finm-Firrin, Cbaron's batki 434. /, larciir, E 
-338, ZabcT, Autumn eveniag; 4]1. /wise, Dieppe; 4S3, 
Btreet In Lorralnei 878, *V-iiwa*', Baviao of the 
m vn, adjoining Boom I, oonlalos chiefly works by il 

The Cathsdral |PI. C, 4) behind the Hfitel de Vllle, beyond tho 

Prifeetnre, was built in J703-40 by J. H. MQn!!aTd,BlWT ■ftl.tmofi.ijV 

of fir. Andrea dells Vade at Borne, The tai;afl.B trnvsiaW at %.i.b« <s^ 

Corinthian Balanitis, surmonnted by a row nl fl\* Coio'eoa'tfa 's'*?'^ 

-"**" ftntcrf 67 towers tBrmln sting in domes , su^^ort"'?. "^^ 

^pvA in the interior are a mpoU priTitcA^-J 3ai'\«»^-> ^ 


150 Routi20. NANCY. BBBIP^^" 

line Iron-work, aiiO xarious paintings and Euulpluree of no gtPU 
merit. The IroaBurr is ritli. 

The Rub St. QeorgeB, in front ofthe cothedral, ends at tlia Partt 
St. BeoTgei, oC 1606. The Kqo DoUly leads to the left hefora tbii 
gate « the Place d'AlHance, emhellishoil with a fountain ooloroB^lD^ 
ating the alliance <^onclade<i in 1756 belweeu Loais XV. and (ha 
l^mpceBB Maris Theresa. The Rue d' Alliance leads hence to the laA 
to the Place Stanislss. 

In Uie viuinltf ol tbt PUiu d'AIUaoee lira Ui<! Eeole For-^Mlilre CPl. D, i), 
wilh an Imnorlani Fore-tty Mnssurn, and the intflrasUng Bolaiiic Btrlla. 
The latlsT, anterEd tnim tlia Una Sta. Catherine, la upeo all da;, ud 
uonlaina Ihe hnsl of CreroKi 11947-83), the enplorer. 

The Forte BoyKla |^PI. C, 3), to ttie N. of the Place Stanidia, 
is the Hnest of the bbvch trtninphal an^hes which deoorale HiatJ, 
It was erected id 1761 by StaniElans in honour of l.onis XV., Us 
Eon-fn-Uw, of whom it hears a medallion, and consists DCs tiipla 
gateway in the Corinthian style, embellished with statnos of Cent, 
Minerva, Marourj, and Mars, and bat-reliefs of Apollo. — To As 
left is a bronze Statue of Callot (see p. 147], with buets of Ihkk 
Sj/lviBln and Ferd. de St. Vrbain (p. 147"), by Eng. Laurent (1877). 
To the right is a Statue of Beri (p. 147), by Jacquot. 

Outside the arch lies the Flaec de la Carriirt, named from 
the tonmsments formerly held here. At the farther end is thePofoli 
ifu Qou-ae/mtment (PI. 0, 2), formerly tbe residence of the gorernon 
of the province, afterwards the pri(fecture, and now tbe beadquarleia 
of the xith Corps d'Arm^e. 

By the gateway on the right we enter the Fipiniiie (PI. D, 2, 3), 
an attractive and umbrageona avenue, with another entrance in the 
■ N.E. comer ofthePlaceStanisIaa, to the left of the fountain. A band 
plays here on Tues,, Thurs., and Sun., at 8.30 p.m. in sommer and 
3.30 p.m. in winter. In 1893 a aomewhat slnRniar bronia statu* Vi 
Roiiin was erected here to aaude GefKe (CtaudeLorramr 1610-83), 
the celebrated painter, on a ciuians stone pedestal. A little fartbet 
on ii a monument to QrandmUe (p. U7), by E. I^nssi^re (ISftSi 

A little to the W. of the Place de la Carriivre rises the hand- 
some modem Gothic chnrch of Bt. Epvre (PI. C, 3), designed 
by Aforry, with a W. tower 285 ft. high, and a spire above the 
crossing. 'Ilie interior, which is of very harmunioas proportiom, li 
elaborately decorated with Dne stained glass and with mnral paintingi 
by Arl.S^^blet. The high-altar is embellished with alargepoIycfaioDta 
altar-piece and statues, and the choir-stalls are artistically cuve4. 

In front of the church ie a small modern E'jueifrion Statue of 
SitUJI., Bnke of Lorraine (1473-1608), who defeated Charle* Iha 
Bald H yuacy (p. 147), by M. ScMH. 

Tnthe Grande Rne, tothelelto! the ¥»,\a\a6.M.*iov«* 
A tbeP^aiB Daoal (PI. 0,1^). Tlio ^anAaomo "9" 
.■Jftiel windows, dates from tlie eat\v ^^'^ '^'"*^- ' 

The Franoifloan Chnroli [Ejiiae dea CordelieTS; PI. C, 2), ad- 
joining the dacsl palace, wae btiiU by Rend II. in msmory o( hia 
vickiry oier Charlea tho Bold In 1477, and still belongs to the 
Emperor of Auatria, the descendant of the dukes of Lorraine. It ceii' 
taiiiE a few interesting raonnmenta fbell to the left of tbe portal^. On 
tile left eide of the church are monuments of Anioine de Vaudimonl 

Gueidre), second wife of Itenf IT. (d, 15i7), with 
l.igier Ricliier, representing the deceai'eil in the coEiume oi a nun \ 
Jacqtict rallat; aarlti V., Dnte of Lorraine; and Dnke Leopoidl. 
The third montUDent on the right side of the chnrch is the cmiona 
maueoleum of fimf/i,(d. 16081. ThemagniftrentpolTchromBfrBmo- 
work is atitlqne, but the statneE of the duke and the Madonna were 
renewed in 182^. AdjaCBDlie the tombofCAoWego/'Lorruine.CafdtRuf 
deVaud/monitd. 1687), with aatatnebyDronin.a native of Nancy. 
To the left of the choir is the Cliapetle Bondt, or dncil mortuity 
chapel, of the i7th cent, with eeven black marble sarcophagi. 

The Grande Rue, which traierses the 'old town', ends at the 
PoTlc de la Crafft (PI. C, 2J, an ancient gate of the citadel,' of the 
14-16thceat., with two round towers. Farther nn is the similar Porte 
de la atadelU (end of Itith cent. I. 

The !ine de la Cralfe legils to the left to the Coura Leopold (PI. 
B, 2,3J, a handsome tree-shaded square, 360 yds. long and 130yds. 
wide, at the N. end of which is the Porle DitilUi, Ionic on the 
<n»ide, Doric on the outside, built in 1785 in honour of the birth of 
the Dauphin , son of Louis XVI., and the alliance with the United 
Stales of America. The preeenl name commemorates the devotion 
of a military offlcer, killed in 1790 by the muttnotts 5o\4vw"i i^^i^. 
p. H7). — To the N. la the handsome inodetn Goflilc cVnwiJb o^ BV, 
fAitvni el SI. flaere (PL B, 11. — In tbe CBB.\Te ol 'Cat CoTuft 
Leopold >i»nd^ ' '"^"" •*"""« 0/' Marshal Brouot ^•^'^'^"^■•'Sv. 
>,yld dAnser>. — Th^ /./„„ j.^^^^, ^^,, ^ ^^ ^^ eTO^^*^^'^'''^ ■^*' 



152 KouJei'O. NANCY. 

n Monument lo Preiident Ciimot. To the right is tlie L'niotrjtli/, vhhh 
poEGesses the four facaltiss of lnv, medicine, scienoe, 8,nd literftlnrg. 
The architect of the modern hnildinga wag Morey, the desiens r o( 
St. Epvre. The Natural Hitiory Mitseam of this institution is open (o 
the public in sanimer (April-Sept.) on Sun. »nd Thurs., 1 to 4. 

A little to the E. of tbe Acadamj is the amill Plact Lafay<ttc 
(P!. C, 3), with an equeetrian Btstoe of Joan of Arc, b; PcemiaL 

The long Rue St. Blzlet (PI. C, 4. 5; tramway) travoraei the 
entire S Jl. half of tbe town. Abont halfway down , somewhat t4 
the right, is the churcli of St.Stbaitianiilai cent.; PI. B, 4), with lh> 
monument of Qirardet, the painter (170B-78). Farther on, the Eue 
Charles III leads to the left from the Rue St. Diiier to the modain 
chnrch of Si. Slcholai [R. C, 5), which contains seyeral paintingi 
by early arOsta of Nancy. At the end of the Roe St. DMer is Hit 
doable Porte 81. Nicalat, bailt in t^e 17th cent. , but altered and 

The Rue de Strasbourg, traversing the suburb of St. Pierre bt- 
yond thie gate, paseee the HoipUal. the Seminary, and the modeni 
rJiurch of 81. Peier (Fl. C, 7), in a style less elsborate bat bolder 
and more striking than (hat of St. Epvre. 

Faither on is the Eftiie de Bomeeoun , situated about I'/i U. 
to the S. of the Rne Stanislas, a <^hiiri-h of the 18th cent., freqnenteil 
by pilgrims, and containing the handihOme mausolea of King Sta- 
niiiUus and his wife. 

nn l!ie ritn'of the marih' wfaere the body of Oharlei tb< Bold w'aa foool 
sflar (he Bitlls ot Nanc; (ges p. 147). The modeal Cnix d( .BwrfOtfH 

The churcli at SI. Lio'i (Fl. i, t), a bandeame moJern Qothlc ediace, 
a tittle lu AeW., tiB^anil tfau il>tJ0B, is dedlsted to Pope Lea IS., oar* 

Amone otbsr pleaunt pulD» uearllBiiDy am BtllMftmialtit (carr. tluiri 

Meurtlie. - IT/j M- 
□ u»CDia-buugB. 20 
(2! ».) Burthttourl. 

r. i«, i 


Diind), 'M M., K 

T>u/lM(n. 1< 

to Pari) M 

(p, 31S) and BaargtmeHd, g 


21, From Paris lo ChBtbontg 16B 

OIoi-llDDtroH and Ho'^Baai, IbB. — Froin CoDcbea to 
Ltlgle. Friun SciqulgDT to Bouen. From B«rii» to Ste. 
Ujinbargi, I5T. — From Lisioui to La Trinil^-de-ni!- 
vUle. Abbey of Vsl Eicb^T. From Lt Heinil-lluEec 
to Sle. GiubnrEe. From U^iidon to Trouville, 166. — 
AineUmiArromiiichEitFoTl-en-fieiiio. FcDmLlaonm 
Coutiaeu •lit St. Lt. From Kiullly lo IitgDj. From 
CirentBii to Oirietet (JeriiijJ. ISl. — Ftdsi VmofDis la 
Buneur, 1B3. — Eoiiroiu of Cherboarg, 166. 
■22. Caen i66 

From Goeo to Sivu-C4bDUrg; 10 Viio, 173. 

•23. WaieriDE-Placfls in CalraduB 172 

a. TrottvUla-DBBnTillB, Villa rs-aoi-Mer, BeniflTal- 
HoulgBlfl, md Cabonrg 172 

From Pont-rEvOquo lo HoDlleur. 112, — VillervillE. 

BEHonviUe, 17B. 

b. Luc-anr-Mer (Lion), l.angcnnB, St-Anbin-anr-Mer, 

ana Coursenlles 176 

I. From Cata lo Lac-avt-Sti direct 17e 

II. From Cun lo Luc-ior-Hcr yis. Ouliliehim . . 117 
III. Fiom Luc-iur-Met to LBDCinie, Sl-Aubin-tHr- 

Mer, anil CouriauUoa .......... ITS 

24. From ChBrboarg to Brett 178 

28. From Paris to Granville 179 

From Laigle to Conn 




— From LaiL) tn GennES-Lodgnefuye: to Ch&t«D- 
LiTiiDl, 703. — FrDm Titcii tr) Pantoraan (HoBt Bt. 
Michel), aOT. — FromTUri 10 MariiEnJ-Feiclnai, 
m. - From KSDDM 10 ledoi., 212. 

29. i'rom RenDes (Psris) to Brest 1 

FromLsBrohinlereto PloeriDe1,9l3. — FrouLunbulls 
to Val AndrS, Bran;, MooteonHiur, 313. — Frgm Si. 
Brienc to Biolc, Poitrleui, and SI. ^vajt (a Auny. 
314. — From Oalngunp to OnrbaU and Rolporden; 
Psloipol. 213; to Ttigvier, Hi. — From Plouant to 
L&onfon', PBrros-Ontred, 2 Id. — From nauo^rin to 
Flestlni Locqnires, SIB. — From Marlnli t» BaKolT; 
tuCicbdiiloSt-Jean-do-Soiel.Sn. — Bodilli. Idm- 
liirler, as. — L» MartyrH. Le Polsoat. PIdhemUI, 

30. From Kennss to St. Mala. Exsuriilune ftaui St. Mala. 

Mont St MloJjel. Dinan '. 

a. Prom Kennea to St. Malo ', 

Uarals de Dol, S23. 

b. Environs of St. Malo '. 

Si. Serriu. Param^. 225. — Uianid. SI. Enuiiat. SI. 
Lunsini St. Diiac, 2». 

c. EscursioTis from St. Malo '. 

To Oaaoale, 220. — To Uont St. Iliebal, 227. — 1o 
UlaiQ, 3^8. — From Uinia lu> Sinard, m 

31. From Psris to Nantes '. 

a. Vii Le Hans and Angora ' 

From La Sure (o Saumur vU LaFl^cbi, SO. — Fnm 
Sabl^ la aoleamsi, 213; to I.a Fl^he, m — Cbampto- 
ueaui, 334. 

b. ViiSabHandSegrfrst.NazBire Lorienl,QniaipeT'| ', 

From Se^rd to Bl. Naiaire, 281. 

c. Via Oclfans and TonrB '. 

From SaoDiur to FonUvraull, 237. — From Lta Ho- 
■iera lo Gennea, 937. 

32. Aniets ; 

From .4BBBH lo Pontj^da-Ci , lo La Klecbe ; lo Segri, 314. 

33. Nantes 1 

FniDiMaDtu IDCbSteaubriaoU taPDlmbanf; toPorDtei 
ID Si. Naiiure, Le Crolaie. and Oniiruide, SKJ, IffiS. 

34. From Natitos to Brest , '. 

I. From Nantes to Vannes and Auray '. 

From Queilemben to Ploenrel and to UBtobinifcre. 
Jolaoltn, 2il. — The Morbiban. From Vaanea lo Sar- 
i«m, aM. — From Auraj lo Quibcron. Ploubarnel. 
Carnsc, nndLocmariaquer, IciB. 

II. From Auriiy to Lorient and Qulmper ' 

/■orl Louii. lie da Qtoix, 2ng. — From Oulmparld 
In PonlAven: SI. Fiacre-, LaGaouaX. Gtoia'BAiQuAin. 
lo CoDMrncao, 560. — From ^taVitHfei WiSaiiN^CkSWt 
and Penmarchf lo Duuarncnai acA txlAiBTiA, « 
HI. From Qnimper to Tltest . . . 

81. Bovlc. l&l 

35. From Paris to Touts 

a. Via OtlfanB i>nd Bloie 

I. From Paris to Oileaas 

From St. Klchel lo Monllli^ry, 2G3. 

II. From Orleans to Touts M5 

Cbaie&a de Chanmont, Ser>. 

b. Via VBndoniB 267 

36. Cltlifaaa 270 

Fnim Orli'ADS to MoDtaigis'. u> Oien, Vi. 

37. Blqis 275 

I BardaDdCheyerni', la PoBt-de-Brn;e| lo VttlefruehE- 

Braoieu* (ChuBbord), 3T8. 

il8. Touts 279 

Plewta-iAi-Touri, 383. — EiourniuBH from Tonta : Ciia- 
t.oociiaui,3B3-, Cbinou, 3H; Locbu, W6. - From Toon 
10 Vienofi (Boorgoi), 387. — From TonH lo CbSleau- 

21. From Paris to Chsrbonrg, 


C, I8J, i 

fr.0B,9S(r,5, ia&. 30e.). i 
D Paris to (36 M.) Mania (RaU. Restaurant), 

reat. Laiuro; PI'. 

B r! i — 

44 M. Brfvat. — '60 M.'Buc'I Is also a stntion on ihe line fronl 
Rouen to Orld'&ns il.& Elbeuf, Droux, and Obarlies (p. 59). 

Beyond Bneil wa cross tba Eure. 57M. Bofssel fEureJ. Beyon 
tno tunrjels we bate a good tiew of Evteux to tho right. 

67 M. Evtsnx. - 


1 V- I 


.0 the e. 

Ilaipe U i Qea 

la llaru.^ 14, B,. L., £ A. S'l-rB. B. 1. dt!i. aVi. D. S fr. Incl. cider, omn, 
J(ROc.; BociiEk DK Cakoalb, Oraude Rue \xi, peos. T/,ft. loel. wine. 
-^ OttH Id tbe Grftndo Kue, 

Eweux, on tbe /Ion, is tlie cbief town of 
CEure and tbe seat of a bisbop. Pop. 16,^32. 

Evreai >■ a ^aco of eoniidetablD anlliiuny, Ibougb tbe UidMa-iim 

A'li U. lu Ilia S.E , wbere yarioua Koman remains bave baen found. Tbi» 

DeparUmtnt de 

---„li tbe 

Ld by ILe vlJIage of F 

lb oeat. it w. 


.0 the fli 

lha«DBaeiil of tb«.^ 
Dcculonby Pbillp 

The Cathedral, not Far from tbe station, ia aliuUdln^oi ^.xtalVn.'u.-i- 
esi, tftoH^irtcon/uaessUsiylssof ircMtectuiein'^ogio^iom.ftioWiv 
■a tie S8th cent., and is, Unfortunately, not qiiile dWa.c\ic4 ^w«^ uOiti 
aildlns^. The main portal, which has two KiweiB ot wiOi\-u.ttV^*'>-fe^^-' 
tes fr»m Ow ^lose of tf,o /;er,,>« potio,\ ; bat v\.e mo*V\^v«^- 


eating fcataru of tlie eitedor is the FJainboyBTit N. portal, lioilt in 
1511-31. The crossing is snrmounted by n handsome GolMe tower, 
with an open-work spire. The efTect produced by theinterioi(,[estariid 
1875-96) is very impDEiDg. The lower portion of the nave, nliichii 
remarkably narrow [li ft.), is Romanesqae, the remainder Gothic, 
of tho 13-16th centuries. The rhi.pela of the choir and ambulatory 
are closed with beautiful Eenaissance screens of carred wood, inA 
the etalls and delicate iron-work in the choir and treasury (to Ihe S.) 
date from the 15t)i cent.; but the chief glory of the interior is Ike 
"Stained Glass in the large Lady Chapel and the transepts, dating 
from the 15th and 16th cent, respectively. The rose-window of the 
S. transept is a line example of flowing tracery, with the pecnliarllf 
of haying all llie raullions of the same tliickness. 

The cathedral is adjoined by some remains of Golbic Ctoiiitri, 
with 1 small Mualt Eplgrapldqat , and by the Biiliap'i Palaa. To 
the N, ia the Tout di VHoHoge, a belfry of the ISth century. 

The Maiie (adm. daily, 10-4, QO c. \ Sun & Thnrs. free), ll 
comer of the Rue de I'lTorloge and the Place de I'Hfitel-de-TUla, 
contains statnes and other antiquities chiefly from Vieil-Eyreui 
I p. 155], some modern Ftench pictures, and mediieial relics. —It 
front of the hanilsomo H6UI de Ville [iV>%(i-'i^) is a fountain beuJnE 
allcgoncal tigurea by DecorchemoQt. 

In the extreme W. of the town is the former abbey-chnroh of 
Si. Taurm, a Romanesque edi&ce of the 11th cent., with a few OotUc 
a<lditioti9 of later date. It contains a crypt, some antique stainu 
glass, and some good modern wood-carving. On the way thithec w 
pass the Palaia de Jvilice , comprising an iiicient Kenaissanct 
church, r 

A hcaich-ri^lwBy runs from Evreui (Gutis de Louvlers, p. IS 
(Id H.) iuuviiri (p. fiO), fallowlnc the villay of lUe llim. — Btancb- 
lUD froni ibo 0>rs da I'Ouest to (3S'/i H.) VemtKll (p- iHi) vii Pret, 

. <nd lo CMVi 
i-VRut, tioi St. Gitrgii-nir'Evri, 
fnEDiTOHoBPLKDii, b7>AM., In 4-Bi, 

IliB AiU) of Bic, of wliich Lanft 
or CnnterlKirT after the Komnin 
vaUoB, ~ W/. M. Bloi-MoKlfo 
p. IKT, — Tbe tlue now deacem 
Andamer (Uim "' ' 


Beyond KttBMa like train. ttaNBiSte% a feiM.\o% ft'iWAw. 
N«ir(72'/.,M.) LflflonnfoilUUtVotMTOeiAIiljQ'at AttaTftiw 
-Min iiU by Matilda, daugUer ol iiem Vo^^ ' " 
"'' ■ "' iperor Honry II. — ■ TnimsV- 

^B to Chirbcurg. BERNAY. 3/. Route. 157 ^^B 

78 M, CoDCliei (hafftt; Cra'u BtmoRsJ, near whioh is a rnivied 
E»a(le (IQlh cent). The ehurcli of Sle. Foy (Ifitli tunt.) haa 
■17 flnes tained-glaaa •Windowa [IBth cent.), of wMtk 7 in the choir 
were designed liy Aldegrever. Tha VRDlting of the choir and sislee, 
two reiiefs in the chapele, and the elegant spire [iBhailt) should 
also ho noticod, 

_ A braBcL-lina runs liencB lo m'h «■) I^slt fp- IBt), vlj (17 K.) Rujla I 

e-Roger (H6t. de Paris] ate a rulnatl ^^H 
_ ui interesting church (14-15t!i cent.} ^^^| 

^tW church of (03M.}5»'9uigni((Bud'et]isai]anied with a Una ^^H 
portal of the llt^ centnry. ^^H 

Fxon SEEgttiaBi *o BacaN, iS'li H., In lVi-3Vi bis. rfarea B fr. SO 
5 fr. CD, 3 h. 60 c). The line follow! the allncilTe valle; of the Binle. — 
7 M. firtOHtrt CHflt. da Frineo), an inilustrtil lonn (3620 inhtb.) uf noma 
biaCorioal importiBM!, vUb a caiUe of Iha i2t!i oenlnry. — 13 M. Ofm- 
Uontforl ifiafCt\)\ lo Evreux &nil Uuanear, see p. ISB. Oir linE hence 
ruDB to Uw E. vil{21M.l BcwglhavBidt, OlV.i EI6«i/ (SI. AaMn: p. 6B), 
whsce wo «on (he Boin^., (SW/i M.) Toii«i«j, sod (97 M.) Oluil (p. i3). — 

98'/!^. BenwyCLinnd'Oi-; CieuaiBiano; itformonJiiJ, a com- 
mercial and industrial town with 8000 iohab., is situated on the left 
bank of the Charentonne. The church of Sle. Crotx (14-lBth cent.) 
has an elegant tower and contains a fine high-altar of red marble, 
dating from 1683-84, and some curious sculptures, including an In- 
fant JoEus, an tha tabernacle of [ha altat, ascribed to P. Paget. Ra- 
mains of (ha Abbey, round which the town graw up in the ilth cent,, 
and of the Ahbeg Oiurch are still eitaiit, the former occupied by the 
Seui-PrSftclurc, the HStel dt VilU, and cither public offlcea, tha latter 
aerring as a market. The horsa-fair of Bernay, held in the 6th week 
of Lent, in the most important in France. On a hill outside of the 
(own, to (he lef( of the railway, stands (he handfome church of 
\otTe-Dame-iU-la-Couliire, bnil( in the 14-19th centuries. 

A branch- railway runs from Beinaj to (33 M.) SU. ambHi-jc, follow- 
ini- n[ first the valley of \b: Oharalmnu. AI(1DM.) La TrinlU-dt-Rivillt it 
■ 9 ji'ined br tbe lloe fcam Lisleui (see beluwj, and at (39 H.) Erha^mr , _. 
merges in the lailway froiD Le UcsnJI-llBugiir to Sle. Gaiiburge (p. l!iS). t_ 

1181/a M, LUioni (Bv/fet; ffStel dt France; ^t (f NnrmnaAie: J( t 
d'Etpagnt), tbe ancient capital of (he Ltioiii and formerly the 
seat of a bishop, is a prosperous induatrial and commercial town, 
with 16,350 inhab., situated on the Tougueti. The leading industry 
is the DiBDUfactDre of woollen cloth and Qannel. Lisleux still pos< 
seEses many quaint old houEea of (he 14-16(h centuries. 

The imposing Calhtdrai of SI. Piern lies about l/j M. tc 
if the station, closely adjoined by the former episcopal palace and 
o(her buildings. The greater pat( of the church dates ftam. t\t<a 
13-13th cent, hat the S. tawar, the only ot\6 wife «i s^aa, "fna «- 
/milt in tbe iB-ITth cBnluries. The transect \a s.T!,in!.oiMv\6*. '^'a *■ 
i"!'^ '!.'"'"- ^*^ ^^^■^''<' 's "impK- anil 36f atf. , Val l-Va ?•■ ^^*^* ''* 
^^Mtbabed vith a striking portal, wMcU Mr. Utts\j.\v ' ^'- "" 




The origlii Df Ibis inUreatlng worfa hu gives Hi« lo raneh contro- 

Bcene ufWIlliim's coronation spiiBarinE on tLa tapasti7. Thoogli poBSlblj 
mA bj MitSIda, Uie woric 1g undonbledly a Dontemporary woili of 'Wil- 

iH inWren u a a^aclmen or the iomeUia art of Ilia 11th centary. ll ii 

1176i bat ecoaral at'teotion wag not Anwn lo i'i until 1721, wlieo it hu locally 
known u llie -TDllette du Due QutJlauma'. In laCS Napoleon I. eiMbited 11 
al Ibe LooTre in Parii In order to ineite Ibe French lo another eonqnesl ot 
Bnelandi bnt it vae afterwiidi realored lo BaTeun. — The Iliil of the 
68 aesnei la In the middle of the lefl aide ef Ihs room: — 

1. Edward the ConfeHur deBpslclias HaroM to annauncB tu 'William 
that he will one day be king of England. 2. Harold sets out. B. Chnnh. 
i. Biruld at sea. 6. Harold driven by a stDrm to Ponlhien. B. Harold 

S-epaHB lo land. 7. Out, Count otPunlhien, arrejla Harold. 8. Qny and 
arold Hde to BeanHn. 9. Interylev between Guy and Barold. tO. »cs- 
leneerl from William arrive lo reqnell the rolea» of Harold. 11. Tliey 
Ibra^en Our. IS. William recelvei a mesBenuer. 19. WiUlam receivM 
Haiald al Eu. U. William lakes Harold to Bonen. Ui. A prieit and 
SlglTa. daughter of 'William, IB. 'William and his army, accumpanled br 
Huold, Mach Mont St. Michel, on a campaign agidnat Conan, Dulie of 
BrllUny. 17. Ttany cioii the river Coueinoni Harold reieuea several Nor- 
mana from Uu qnickaands. 18. Conan pul to Oighl al Dol. 19. William 
attacks Dlnan. X. CoDin Burreoders the keys of Ihe lawn on the paint oF 
nlBBee. 21. WIlliaaiknigblB Harold. 22. Theyretnrn to Sayenx fAaiitai]. 
28. Where Harold lahmi (be oath. 24. Harold retuns to Bagland. 3S. And 
reporU to Kdnurd Ihe result {>f liij emliBaaj. 28. FuBeral of Eilward at 
St. Peter'a Church (WeBlminstor Abbey). TMa ei^ene seema out of order, u 
Kdward lies on Ma dCath-bed in Ko. 27. and diej in So. 58. SB, The crown Ib 
olTered lo Harold. 30, Harold ii crimoi^d by Sllgand. 31, The people pgy 

himself. 51, Enslisb ship on the ^'ormau coast. liB.'winjam orders a 
nect 10 bo bulh. 3U. His ahipa are !annt:lied. ST. The fleet is armed and 
provisioned. B3. William sets s^ snd arrives al Pevenaey. 3D. The hoiECs 

name anoBOra in Dnmesdaj aa a va'ssal" of Odo, WiHiMu's brother'' ecli''u 
l3. The viands are prepared. J3. Banqnel of William. 

9. William quutlDna Vital, 

harangues hia troops and the battle berlns. B2. Death of t.eufwine and 
OyMh, Harold's brothcrt. S&. The lUok of Ibe ngbt. 64. OdoencDnraeH 
Ibe Normans. fiS. WilliaiD raises his visor la show his men that he is bo> 
dead as reporied. 06. Harold's army Is cat lo pieces. 57. Doalhof Harold. 
5S, Kligbl of Ihe English. — Ee pro duel Ions of the lanetriry (S IT,} are b«l 
oiilained al Tailain'i, in the town. 

The enlrance-taall, ni well as Ibal in which Ibe tapesliy Is shown, 
contains a few intuesllng pictures, including Iwo Uodonnas and t Cite- 
pnlra of ihe Italian Srlmol, tim sage and Ibe three youths, hy ff«u(H, ele. 

Tbs Hotel At Ville adjoins tho Oathedrsl. In tfao garden Is a 

marble statue, \>y Harivel Duroclioc, of A, dt Cawnont (1802-73], 

the arcbieoiogist, who whs torn itBsieus.. — Tliyeui BtiU te^nM 

many quaint Old bousos wliicli wil\ deViF^I, v.\ie »A\i\'a«,'nMw^H^H 

toCkerbourg, ST. Ld. 21. RoiUe, 161 

Omidbiif 6i ply in sammer from Bayeux to the fimall sea-bathing places 
^ AmeUes CB>/s M.; Hdtel du Bepos} Belle-Plage), Arromanchti 0^/% M.; 
HAt. dv Chemin de Fe^ and Port-en- B«s»in (6 M.; Hot. de TEarope). — 
To OouramtlUM, see p. ITO. 

184 M. Liion (Buffet,- Hdtel de la Qare), 

Tkox LisoH TO CoDTANCES (Oranville, Avranchea, etc.), 29V2 H., rail- 
m in lVs-3>/4 hrs. (fares 5 fr. 40, 3 fr. 65, 2 fr. 36 c). The train enters the 
▼luey of the Firs, and ascends it to St. Ld. Views to the right. 

13 M. Bt.L4 (B6L de VUnivers. d^J. 2V8, D. dfr.^ de NormandU; Cen- 
tai)^ a very ancient place, with 11,120 inhab., and the chief town of the 
dmartment of the Manche^ is picturesquely situated on a slope on the 
x^t bank of the Yire, It derives its name from St. Laudus, one of its 
early bishops. The town was fortified by Charlemagne, and was taken 
wreral times by the Normans and English. The stained glass in the 
cathedral was presented by Louis XI., in memory of a successful repulse 
of the Bretons by the town in 1467. The chief object of interest is the 
Chnrch of Jfotft-Dctme, formerly the cathedral, built in the 14th and restored 
in the 17th century. It has two handsome towers \ and outside the choir 
is a fine Gothic stone pulpit. The Bdtel de Ville (a modern structure), the 
Palaie de Jtutice^ and the Frifecture are situated in a square near the 
cathedral. In the vestibule of the first, to the right, is the *Torigni 
Karble\ an antique pedestal with an important inscription. — In the Rue 
Bavin is a fine monument of /. L. ffavin (1799-1868), the politician, by 
Xedttc. The Miieie (adm. on Sun., 12-3, on Thurs., 1-4) contains paintings 
of no great value (one by Jordaene), various works of art (triptych with 
five large enamels), antiquities, medals, etc. A hall on the first floor con- 
tains a Natural Mietory GollecHon; and in a room below are nine old 
pieces of tapestry and some sculptures. 

From St. Ld to Coutances tbe railway traverses an undulating district, 
views to the left. — 29Vz M. Coutances^ see p. 179. 

To the left flows the Elle, an affluent of the Vire. — 187V2 M. 

Branch-railway to (5 M.) Isigny (H6t. du Commerce; de FranceLwiih 
^2800 inhab. and a small harbour which exports large quantities of butter 
t^o England. — A steam-tramway (1 fr. 30 c, 1 fr., 66 c.) plies from Isigny to 
Kfi M.) Orandeamp (Oroix Blanche ; de la Plage), which has a fine beach. 

Grossing the Vire, we now enter the Cotentin, a flat and marshy 
Region, famous for its cattle. The name is said to be a corruption 
f)f Ager Constantinus, Many of the followers of William the Con- 
SQ6ror came from this part of Normandy ; and some of the most 
^nstrious names among the English aristocracy are derived from 
those of humble villages In the Cotentin. The hedges here give quite 
an English aspect to the country. 

196 M. Carentan (Hdt.d'Angleterre; du Commerce), to the right, 
a town with 3740 inhab. and a small harbour on the canalized Taute, 
exporting vegetables and dairy-produce to England. The church 
dates £rom the 15th century. 

Fbox Oabbntan to Cabterbt (Jersey), 26V2 M., railway in IVs-l'/s hrs. 
(fiures 4 fr. 80, 3 fr. 25, 2 fr. 10 c). — 14 M. La Haye-du-Puits, junction for 
the Cherbourg and Brest line (p. 179). 21 M. Portbail (Des Voyageurs ; 
da Kord), a small seaport, whence a service of steamers formerly plied 
to <7orisr («ee below). — SeVa M. Carteret (H6t. de la Mer, pens. 71/2-9 fr. ; 
*«rAngUierref du Commerce)^ a thriving bathing- place and seaport^ with 
a daily service of steamers in summer to (IVz hr.) Gorey oti V\i^ \%\%.\i\ ^\ 
/ereeif (Cares Btr. 85^ A fr. 85 c, return-tickets 10 it., ^ «t. % t.^. 

Fnm the station of (208 M.) Montebowg a ^TawtVi-Aixv^i T>^^^ ^"^ 

M4MPMKsra Nortbern France. 3rd Edit. W 





ifi2 Route ^1. CHERBOURG. BtttO^M 

the town of the same name, 21/3 M. lo the 8.E., and to Wl*' 
farther on) the ralln's.y from Valognes to Barfleur (see belov). 

213 M. TalogneB (BStei du Lnuvre), a email decayed Iowa wU)i 
6000 inhab. and a chnich, part of which, datee from the 16th cantnrT. 

" ~ " —■ " ' "■ (tamSr 

U, Sfr 

). 1 

■pec'al Blatlon near 

the RialB-liiE 


- B'/i M. ai^Xa 

eb io Mantt- 

ice above. - 

- 8'/ 

teArtHe. *l Q<iiiM 

(. (Bolet), • 


ling place w 

in a curioui liollow tloiie inon- 


ablfu! orielD 


. King Jan 

of Easland 

wal^ed 'he "battle 


les bel 

ow) froln tb 



(USUI de Fr 

, a iiea-balWng town 

wftb 3580 In- 

U. Tbe barb 

defend Bd b; 

otte OD the lit TatU. 

!nd 0" 

the lit ie la 


or La Bo«g 

., to tbe B. La Ho 

™e I1 falooi 

darsat uftb 

Bited BuBllik 





ke, wbleh took plac 
Ish were beaehea at 

D May 

neb (bips wl 

La Hoeae bj 

ha admiral to sava 

from tbe en 

inij, were attaeked a 

nd burned bj 


M. Baraeui 


tl 'tfu Phari) 

9 a Kmall >«aport an 

d lea-^balhlaK 

roioTt, whicli was of cuneldBFiblflimpiirtancs Is the middle agai ai a port 
of commuDlcallon belween NDrmand; and Bngland. In 1130 Prince Wil- 
liam, odIj eon ofHcni^I, wltH 140 young noblemen of tbe Engliib eoarl. 

otRanen. Tbe ^Mi ieBarJIitir or Sai dt OaflttJlM, ^jt V. to ibe K., 
Ibe E. extremllF uf tbe peninsula of tbe Colentin, !■ niarksd by a Utbl- 
house, neariy an ft. high, — A public conveyance 12 fr. iU c.) piles twice 
daily [fl a.m.i 3.30 p.m.) in 3 hrs. from Harfleur lo (il M.) rherbourg. 

219 M. Salteoait, to the left, has a chlileau of the 17th centnr;. 
Branch lo Coulances^ etc., aea p. 179. — 323 M. CouuiU*. Bejrond 
a hilly tract lies (226 M.) Martlavasl, with a chateau and gtad-fkno 
belonging to Baion Schickler. Near Cherbonrg we pass throngli ■ 
EhoTt tunnel. To the right Is the Mantagne du Route [p. 166). 

231 M. CheihoiUK. — Hotali. Da [.'Auisaut* ht db L' 
B,i), Qual Aleiandtelll I81 iiR i.'Aiglb «t p'A»HtKtKBuE ( B,b, 
Place BrlciiuevJUa, B.. L., A A. SB, B. 1, iij.SfIt, U.Sfr. iocl. elder, paef- 
fli/i-IO. DDn. '/,tr.-, UE FUAVCE ET DD CoMiiBn<:E (PI. c; B, t), Bne dn 
BiHin, pent. 8 &.i Etoit.e (PI. e; D, 4), Sue Gambetla 1; ou Lootie 
(PI. f; 11,8}, Kue de la Fail 30. — HDtbl deb Baikb db Man (PI. d) B,!), 
beyond UneAvant-POrt da Commerce, "pen imly Id the balbing-aeaaDn, B. 
1-7, m. 1, D. 6, peoj. 13.15 fr. 

OaNa. flu araful-Balam, it ParU, "Juai de (Wigny; * VAnHnnM, 
lit FEurupt, Qoai Aleiaodre III) du Thdtlii. Place da Obilean. 

Oaba. Per drive IVi. per bi. 2 If. — C^Hniiess for eicDrsloiu at 
fniHWf), Euo do Baisfn 61. 

Trunwaya. From the Plu« du GMt'oii (PI. E, 4) t» TaarlavtiH (PI. a,3i 
p. 166); anri to BqiHurdrmillt and Qturiiuoiilli (comp. Pi. A, 3, *i p. IW), 
yaroB 10 c. witUn tbe town, 10 e. per leciion ouHide (lie town, 15 e. tai 
l»o<Bclioii«, aa aarl 36 r. all the way. — Omaibna to Beiylwr (lae abate), 
twice daily; to Laodemtr and tii Omnmiiilt, ice p. 160. 

Baata far eipedltloni within (nierbourg Koadi: la the Mffw (*« 
/:lSti 3bt». there and back) about U tr. (m Gie»., ^ tr. for 3 ptPki 

I Aajva£o iJiauId be made. _ 

BlemiDhtMU lo Aldirnn an^ OuwTBtl on ■« b4. \>i ft^li"- Wmi-ft*!. 
'1i err. 7Sc.>. To SemSamplon O/iBdon), aea ?. 
Srji-Batha, la (ho E. , bevono tbo coTnta«« 
staaie anri dm-ol 75 c. Goud boacli. — 0».«\.in 


It 1.30, Sun. >t e.SU p.m. 

Brituli OSMol. ?«>. .7. P. Tercter. /.C.J). —AmeriDmn Osuulii' Agant, 
tfwrir /. C. Baimtnilli, £14. 

Fnocli PrtteiUnt CJiDrch, Plnce DIiBlle-, lervlce at 11 a.m. EngHih 
CkiHVJt Btniw Brs beld here In Aug. and Sepl. a( 10 a.m. nnd 6 p.m. 

Oitrbourg, » lown with 40,783 inliali. ind a fortress of the flrst 
diss, is the third naval harbour of France. Cherbonrg owes iis 
impDitanee to iti sitaatioti at the N. extremity of the peninaula of 
llie Colenlin (p. 161), in a, bay embraced between Cap L£vi on the 
G., and Cap de la Hague on the W., and directly facing the coast 
ot England, whlih Is about TO M. distant. 

iifOoBotCaaariMBartiHlCsiMz'sCastlt} and it list alio been saggeiled lliat 
ihiDinieli the 111016 81 (ha BnelialiScarbarougb, Tbe oils of tbe town seems 
la liiva been euly Dccnpled br a baronial caallei and a Count of Cber- 
Isars rallDwed William tlie Conqaeror to Eoglanil in 1066. Ill ptoxlmitv 
III England aipoHd It to fiaqueal atUeki and It vai taken by tbeBng- 
llili In laee, aUI, and U18. m 1355 it became tbe capilal ofCliarlet the 

upedlUoni agatnit Franca until UH). Rben it waa taken by ObarleiVll. 
nsally, In IBB, the EniUsb neel under Lord Howe landed a force bars 
■nder General Bllgb, who dcalroyed the forllDcallons nnd burnt the iliip- 
^Bt and all Ilia natal itores, thaueh ha left the town and lie Inliahltants 

In April, 13U, the Due de Ben 
I X., the er ■■-- 

ir EneUnd. 
t of which is modern, well-built, and clean, is 
cgmparstively unintereEting. On qaitting the etalion (Pi. E, 5), the 
tiaitor finds himself at the S, end of the Commercial Harbrmr, which 
li situated at the mouth of tlie DivMt and the Trotehee. This har- 
lioar, of quite secondary importance to the naval port (see p. 164], 
CDiaprisea two basins and an entrance-channel, 660 yds. long, flanked 
ty granite breakwaters. Large quantities of butter, eggs, and poultry 
ice exported hence to England, 

The RoAiisTB-tn of Cherbourg, whicli lies in front of tbe two 
jnta, hu a total superllcies of 4 s<j. M,, but as eortain parts of it 
tCB too Bhallow for large ships at low water, the total available 
tuchorage ia about oue-flfth of that, or about 600 arres. Thougli 
<>heltered on three sides, this roadstead is naturally exposed to the 
laU force of galee from tlie N., and Vanban, the great military en- 
ijineer, aeemed almost to be flying in the face of nature when he 
proposed to establish a naval port here. Tbe efToits to protect the 
tnchorage by means of a 'digue' or breakwater, placed about I'/iM. 
I iiOB the town, were twice baffled by winds and waves, but a third 
; utnmpt, begun in 1832, has succeeded in rearing a gigantic bariier 
, vlileh eeems likely to withstand the fury of thelempeet. t\ib'^te««vA 
■ '%iM ii a BubElanHai 6rfl4*waCer, 4130 yds, long, hoTQ \^ volSft: 
/it biBad at Ibe base, and 86 yds. broad at low -waWt-mttA.. 'Vv ■» 
&nD#d (,/*«#« Wocl-so/g/an/te, carefully flttedWgethaiaiii'Ci*''*'^" 
^fhfil iig film to tie SOS on each side. On tUs taaft imW'^i^^* 
mm^,SOft high and 30 ft. thick, rendered pracUcRUf wot'oVvft" 





164 Route 21. CHERBOURG. A^^^^^^l 

1))' the DBeof hydraulic cement. 'J'he works cost upwards 0(3,790,0001. 
VieitoTS are permitted to land oji the Digue (hoats, see p. 162), 
which ia fortiied with four forts and twelve batteries. The ewur- 
slon is one of the plessanteet at Cherbourg, i,nd vtaitora enjoy ta 
oppoHmnity of viewing at ctose quaitete eome of the men-of-vii 
whieh are usually lying in the roads. The view from the broitmler 
to the W. of the rentral fort is finer than that from the E. The 
channels at the ends of the Digue are commanded by forls on the 
mainland, as well as by detached torts on tslols. The defonees of 
the town are completed by a chsin of detached forts on the ant' 
ronnding heights. 

The Nayai, H«hbolb, or Dockyard (PI. B, C, 1, 3, 3), U stconglj 
defended on the landward eide by a epeuial line of redoubts and i 
diteh, which practically render it quite separate from the rest of 
the town to the S.W. It is entered by way of the Rue de I'Abbaj*, 
beyond a barrack. Foreigners are admitted only with an ordgr tnn 
the minister of marine. The visit takes about ii/^ hour. ^ 

Louis XIV., with the aid of Vanban, first conceived the idok al , 
establishing a naval harbour at Cherbourg, in opposition to Porti- 
month, about 80 M. distant. Tlie works were, liowever, soon slxit- 
doned ; and nothing was done until Kapoleon I. took up the pnjtel ' 
with vigour. Its completion was reserved for Napoleon IQ., wlw 
opened the port in presence of Queen Victoria tn 1368, exactly 
100 years after the last English attack on the town. The bsibaot 
a[id its buildings cover an area of 54 acres, and conipriss tbrM 
principal baatiis hewn in the Solid rock, sevefal smaller basins, wall 
equipped worlisbops, magazines, and slarehonEes of every sort, tuA 
innumerable sheds, barracks, and other military and naval establisb- 
meats. The three chief basins (the .4>,-anl-Port, Arriirr'Banin, mil 
Baaiin A Flol) have a minimum depth of 30 ft. at low water ani) 
can easily accommodate 40 ships of the line at one time. 

Between the Baesin k Flot and the sea is situated the Diftf- 
(ion dt I'ArliUcTie (PI. B, 1), with an eKiensive Absenal, perhaps 
the most interesting point in the dockyard for the ordinary Tisilor. 
It contains about BO,{H)0 weapons (20,000 muskets), artistically ar- 
ranged ill geometrical patterns and in the shape of portieos, palai 
trees, baskets, etc. Visitors are generally conducted over one or moie 
of the Men-af-War lying In the harlionr; but as these are ncnilly 
iliamantled, (bey are not so interesting as when lying outside In iht 
roads. The Mutcitm {in which the mode of construcUtig the break' 

is illnstratad) and a ColUclion of Modele are also shown. At 

interesting to naval visitors only. 

fl town lies to tlie left oi "W. oS iWii.iUoTifl'l. E, 6). Not 
far from the latter and neat iUb tooiiamiAift. ■W\i«*i \«* •!)» 

ioT/re fPl, lOjE 4), a bandaoioe eiifttaUiVe ■i».t,i\cA*.M\*-,-*.*' 
,riehly decorated interior. In » amia a^i*- "A^'-^"'-^' 'i^* ►'■»«■■» 
bronze Bt*<t of BrlcqueijUU, ! 

CHERBOURG, 91. Route. 165 • 

by David d'Angers. The Place Napolecn [PI. D, 3), to the IbR, 
fartliw on, ia embellished with a bronze Equesiri'in Siatut of Na- 
poleon I., by A, Le Vtfel. Tha inscription, ' J'svuis rSsoln da lenOQ- 
tbIbc k CberbDurg les merveille^ de I'Egypts', refers to the oon- 
Etmetion of theDigne, whiohthe empBcnr compared to the Pyiamids. 

The Clmrch af La TriniU (PI. D, 3, 4), on tha S. aide of the 
aiiuare, dates from tho 15tli centary. The tiate is decorated with 
polyclirome paintings, and abore the arches are painted and gilded 
reliefs representing soenes from the Passion and a Dance of Doalh. 

The HBtbl db Villb (PI. 6; D, 3), on thoW. side of the Place 
d'Arniei, contains a Masei of some importance (open on Sun., 12-4, 
freej other dayn for a fee]. Many of the small ancient paintings !n 
this collection are unfortunately bnng too high. 

pBiKcirAi. OuuH. From riaM to left, ■Te.ilav'ii'can iJirlT^vdlii, Descent 
from IbB Oroas [triptych); 81. Vm Vlkl, lateriur of a tamplei 66. Qii<ilii> 
JtaU,t, Peasants) 9. ffgrradm School, Descent from (lie Croisi 12. Bril, 

rue CiroumciiloDi It! OiHrieh. P<.rtiail|' 7(J. SoOiman. Lendlcapei ISs! 
Pouaiit, PyratDui and TbSsbei 02. F^l, (iBBFe-iceiiBi 30. l/UriUo, Eearlug 
of tha OroHi 18S. Uleai, The OrandfalHer) IT. Ouerel-n, The iTosoded 
'i'ancred aided by Henulniai 61 {libate), Ja<iSatm, AAorminn of the Kagl; 
as. Wyet, IntBTiot; S. FloTe-liai Bchoot of IM Htli eiiU., Hermllaeei 135. 
Ouirt, Bule and haTe| 1^. Fra Anfilicc, Bnloaibiiient-, BT. JMIiera, Phil- 
asDpheii 60. HeadKoiltr. Ave and parrDqaet; IS, Oranaclt, Electors Fred- 
EPiek III. and John of BiTonj; Ti. RMUnhamnur, Uadonna nnd Ohil£ al- 
endod by engBlSi IBT. J. Virail. Landacapei 

tUri, Purtraiti 61. Franck (M Ysvnter, The Woman (alien \o adnKoryt 
1. Aibaw, Annunriatlan i 108. Viotm, Glraidan, tbe seulptori 1(6, lift 
(ranhsr on], Bvi. Roitrt, Bulnai 14. Oatbiai*. lUdonnai 118, Limmr, 
Justice! ll.>ga(aaa, Adorndon ofthe nagl; Ii». Jmii (Qlouu), Portrait; 
ini. C«wl, Scene froni Dan (Jnlxolei 36. Boremlpneii, Oavalr; enEicemeiitt 
I2B. Lari/aKirl, Portrait; 10. B. lan £alen, OSiiringa to Bacchus and Ceres; 
Sj. /. Vwi Lot, Helancholyi 172. Oowftr, Interior; 123. Lafom, Presentation 
inlheTemplii i^. LUiux, Lncksmith's tvarkshon; S16. £>onarip da Finci, 
Portrait of the arllstL 33. Pmini, Ooliieum and Arch o[ Conslanllne; 91. 
Boait, Hondon In bis stiidlo; 1. BaroeHo, Bl. Fraocig arAsei<<i 180. 
Fttock, 8l. Jerome; 113. RUaMd, PorlraUg; UT. Lsiwur, Sermon on tbe 
Mounli 311. Battr, Sacrlsiyi SMatom, 37. Joseph Interpreting Pharaoh's 
dreams, 23. Josepb^s messengers flndlng tbe enp In Benjamfas sack; 169. 
rw», bercs end Neptqne; ^, AtM, Ploweri; SO. Rtifch, FlDxers; IBK, 
FMliin, Plelii IB. OioTianc, St, Peter; 171. Oofuahu yui'o, HadUTina; Un- 
tBcm AllUt. Madonna ("n mnrble); 71. Fr. PoarbKi, Fwnols n. de VK- 
.llols and hH daughter, Blferwards wife of Henrf IV, — In tha eenlra, 
FltrnUh Bdhcal, The heid of Jiihn the Baptist presented to Harod; Ltfim, 

On the! Frnai f'looe I> the Ubrary, whicn contMos a flno old chiin- ■ 
ncT-pieee. brongbt from an ancienl abbey; and on the Becohd Floob att I 
eullection! uf Jfatural HUtory and AatiquiUtt. \ 

The Bde de la Faix leads to the W. from this chaieh to the 
Monument des Coiuninur {V\. D, 3), erected tn 18'JB to mwu.wi 
eftoldjera and siilors who have died on colonial awiVtft. 

On tbe S. eide of tbe town is the notowoitt*^ laoifeva tVatiiV '^ 
J^I?am„~di,- Votu (PI. D, 61, In tke Bc.mai\6Wta»i fcVi\6,'»^*^ ■;;*; 
|Hpt "Id tpirsg a( tbe W. end. U leplacBs aiv ewX^M *v^n.^3| 



166 Botteeas. caen. 

ths 12th cent. , built in fulfilment of a. Eolemn vow taken by Que 
Matilda of England daring a Etorm. . 

In the pretty Public Garden (PI. F, 5], to the E. of the stuion, 
s ststne to MUUt {iSi(i-7(i}, tlie painter, was utiveUed in 1892. 

TlieJlfonlafne<iufiaufe(Pl.F, 5), beyond tbis garden, commaadfi 
a fine view of the town and tbe roadstead. The eommit, reaohed in 
','4 hr., is occupied by a fort, to wbkb Tiaitora ate not admittad. 

- ■ — ■ . . „ , .^^i^j ^ij ^^^ j^^ 

I purk of vbieli i» open 
tbe (21/i U.J OUfaa* d> rmH-UnilU (IStb uent.), an 
ijiBBBTusnr runs isium-lrumway, p. 162)^ to tbevllUge of (3>/ill.l Qiw- 
guMiKi (stuam-truiiviy, jt. IB2), 1 H. bByond whkb is tbe cndMaH di 
ifoiMwDHIi, foFmeily the rsBldence of Count Alexia de TocanevinB, the 
ErsUpoUtlul writn and Uitoiiui. About 2 M. farlbec on la tbebathlu- 
beachof(aH.J£an<liFii*-(VolsIa) UUletl, to whicb an omnibus (M e.) piles 
I times daily (B timsn on aun.) from llie tramway terminus. The little 
nart of Omau^Ul-la-JltfUe (omulbna frnm Cberboorg I Umot weekly) Ku 
3 K. from Laademer. Tbanre we may proceed lo tbB pretty Bag of SI. 
-- -Ha (SVe »■ tutber], beside Or.iit la J/nfue (16 M.), from wUcb lbs 

nnal I'lends are vlifhle. 

From CherboiiK to OovlaiKti, Foaifnf (Oranville), Poi't.vmn [Mont 

Hidhel], Dill (St. Hilo), nod Brat, see K. 21. 

lan.lcom iii'. '"" "^ "™' 

KtUva; SUUddb. ao<-t ds I'OMeil (PI. F, S), the cblef stalloo (BulTcl], 
llie B.B., need by all Imina, Including Ihose lo tbe coast (bm eontp. 
lT6)i Oari SI. Jforif" or di lo Utr (PI. B. 2), lo tbo N,W. — Ourt d» 

wi, see tolow. No liolel-omnlbQSpa. 
HstHli. nn i.> Ftai:E-Rol.ii,B {PI. ei C,3), Place de la B^ublique, 
le Vllle and (he Has^e, «e]l spoken of, at^. 2>/i, D. 
u -HiJT. DAwoLKTaBBB (F l. »-, D, B}, Bua St. Jean 71. H., L., A A. 4-6, 
d<j:i*."T- ifr-i o'HsPAairs (PI. hi D, 3), Rue Bl. Jean 71; diLob- 

e llul vrell spoken of; Stb. Baebe, Kae Etayl:tei3 m. D. 3}l St. Piebrk 
1. di <:, 3}, Hue 81. Pierre IS, Trequented by commerola) travellers; or 
QBUASDii, aue St. Pierre 20; db Fiusci (PI. e; B,6), near (he slalion 
1 these Ibree, «j. V/i, D. 3 fr. incl. eider). 

GrKi. iluOrand-Saleun, ItneSt.PierreEO; d> {a Aeurjs, Rue 9t. Jean 2S, 
ith guden; dt J/adrdf, at the Hi^lel d'Espagne (see aboTe), with Earden. 
Ssituiut. 'Fain, Place du Harclif-aiL-BDis, & ta earte. 

Cahi. Per drive I fi.. per lu. 9 fr., each addlllanal V. hr. EO c. i l/i tr. 
ore at niebt (IL-I). — I.ugeati, 2fi u. per package. — Omnlbua from the 
ue de rOqeel lu the omnibui-burcau SO, 10 the traveller's dBlUnaKon 
I c.i at night SO and TOc.; luegaae 2tlc. per 65 lbs. (at nlebl 2Se.) to 
aveller'i destlpaljoo. — Omnlbti-framaav from the Qare ic I'Oiiesl l.i 
le Bue de Bayeni (PI. A, 2| and to the Bate de St. Hartln, 15 c 

Peat Offlce at the HAlel de TUle (PI. C, 3), Eue de mStel-de-Ville. 

Saths. Baim-LoKiiri (PI. C, t). Bus Uanlel Hast. 

Steamboat dally to Le Havre (quay, aeePl. F,l}; see p. 61. To Jy<u 

^H BBEtbh Ohurik (Bl. meliaipJ), Rue Kicbird Lenoir Geft bonk of the 

^H UaDal). — JfdiicB a^rT^^ at I jj.m, at the BriUA Seamm't /MilihXi, Qnid 
^H VoDdQ^ufrelPl.E, 3). [Ahont SOOOBiitilb lallori visit the port aDDually.l 
^^^ G^en, the chief town of the dBpftilinent, ol Cabadot, ^th i6 ,Bgft. 
^^mJ'iisb., end next lo Rouen the most inteiesirin; tQvn\tv'^'asM|^H 

tn«taa on the Ome, about 9 M. from thii coast, wi 
lectedbf a cans1,i>railvs7(p.l7^3t ftndsfiteam-trai 

ID unpunancs Id tbe time uf Willii.m Iba Conqnuo 
I baill IhB casUe and tbe tna sbbeje whose besullfi 


hood, set Dul to Bssaajinale Maral. Aubn- <n82-1911), tbe nompDBer, uid 
MaViB-it (IffiB-ie^S), tbe poet, were native of Caen, and Bmu Brvmrnti 

Hospics dn BUD-Sauieur. Tbe famauB Beau ia boried in tbe ProlellaDi 

Ceiaelery, Bue dn Hanafin i Poudre (PI. C, 1). 

Tbe celebraiod (Juan-faj of Taen alone, -wblch bare for cenluriM af- 

fcitdea etcslleot bnildlng-Dnlerial tor the eboicbel aiirt olbei im^ndant 

edlHcea of France and England, lie to tbe W. and 3. of the town. 

On laavine the aution (PI. F, 6), we inrn to tha right, lak« the 
first Etcect to the right aealii, which leads under (he milway anil 
uvor the Orne, and tlien follow the i^nsy to tbe left to the Place 
Alexandre III, which is ambellished with the handsome Monument 
fftheSonsofCalvado), comm a m orating the war of 1370-71. Heiica 
the Rue St. Jean runs to the right, ending at the BooleTard St. 
Pierre. — On the rigiit sida of ths Rue St. Jean rises the handsome 
late-Gothie church ot St. Jean (PI. D, 4), with an elegant but uii- 
Anished lower. 'I'lie cliurcli is anfortnnately much hidden by the 
adjoining honsas, and its flna portal baa bean disHgured by an un- 
SQCceBBfol restorarion. 

*St. Pierre I PI. U, S), in the boulevard of the same name, is a 
most iDtereetini: example of Oothic arohitectare, though dating from 
vsrions epochs from the 13th to the 16tli centnry. The chapels and 
the turret ol the 'Ajisr, both vary elaborately decorated, were added 
in the Renaisaance period. The most striking feature ia the 'Tll^etr 
(266 ft.), to tbe right of the main portal, a m.ulerpieoe of the bold 
and graceful style of art which prevailed at the beginning of the 14th 
century. The apire is pierced, and iia base is surrounded by eight 
small turrets. There is a portal in the side of the tower, but the 
church has no transepts. Ttie cburch is now under restoration. 

The geneial Impreaalon iii the inlsrlur it one o! great lurmonr. Tbe 
capilala of Ibe mauiTC plllarg In the nave are carved vritb a curious miS' 
eel]aBT of aacmd, profane, and groleBiiue labJeeU. {Note especially the 
lUrd eqllal OB tbe lefl.) Tbe vaulllDg and keyBtDnea of \^B'&. ^>iiM a\ «». 
BiTB an nQlewaray. The Drnamentallon o( tbe Rve "CluiitU ol x"a« »■■*» 

)t apeelHli Uriah, IntUadlag unuaualiy large kejBlonte a.T.4 t™t mo^i^ 

UMfari gluM i/ Miir^tt of Bvronit. Tlie pulpit, in «. <\oT\a mo*iEr& OaCm* 

04^ anf the orsun-aua are bandsome. 

gtaNwfte the tcwer of the chnrcl, is the Excl.av^g*, ^o^wVi **« 


168 BatileSS. CAEN. 


H6tel Valola (16tli cent.), ike moat ngteggrthj part "f wM^b !■ Uie 
cooit. The f^lcl de Than, opposite, is snotlier old mansion of (bs 

On an eminance beyond the emaSi aiiuare in front of t]i« mtin 
poctsi of St. Piecie are eiCaated Cha remains of tlie Cattle (PL C,D,2), 
begun by WiUiam tlie Gonquetor and flnlBbed by Hency I., and 
Eeveral times altered. It is now used aa barracks, and preseat« few 
points of interest. Tbe castle was held by the English after the reil 
of the town was taken [see p.187), but in 1J59 the garrison of 4000 
men was compelled to surrender to Dnnols. — In the Ru8 de Unnlc 
are some ii"aln' oW honsea (Nos. 17, 31, 371. 

The street leading to the left from the church, as we relnrn from 
the uastle, rnns to the E. extremity of the town, passing the former 
church of 8l. GlUea (PI. E, 3], which is built iti the transition style 
from Gothio to Renaissance. 

A little farther on is "La Triniti (PI. E, F, 2|, the ohnrch of tho 
Abbaye-aut-Damei, founded in 10B6 by Matilda, wife of WlUIun the 
Cojiqaeror, while the latter at the same time founded the church of 
the Abbaye-ani-Hommes (p, 160). These acts of beneBcence vers 
intendedaaaneipistionoflheslnwhitli the pious founders had com- 
mitted ill marrying within the forbidden degrees of consanguinity. 
La Trinity, with the eiception of one ohapel, on the right of the 
choir, in the Transition style, is Narman-Bomanesque ; it has under- 
gone a thoroujih restoration in modern times. Two square lower* ri«a 
on the W. fs^tde and another from the transepts ; all three, long de- 
prived of their spires, were provided with balustrades in the ISlh 
century. The majestic simplicity of the interior is no less striking 
than the dignity of the exterior. Small g&tleries surmount the aisles, 
and there Is an interesting crypt beneath the choir. The choir, whleh 
is reserved for the nuns who manage the Hotel-Dieu (see below], 
is closed to the public; but it and the crypt are shown to vlelton 
to the hospital. It contains tlio modest tomb of the foundress. 

The BBIet'Dieu or Hoipllal (I'l. F, 2), adjoining the church, if 
Katablished in the former nunnery, rebuilt iu the 18lh venturf. The 
nuns of La Triniti! were generally daughters of noble familiae and 
enjoyed eoneiderabie privileges. The abbess was known as Madame 
de Caen. Visitors, generally admitted on application, are expected 
(0 make a contribution to the poor-box. The eitearive park ooln- 
mands attractive views. 

As we retrace oar steps to St. Pierre, we have a view of th* 

disUnt towers of St. Etienne (see p. 160). Beyond St. Pierre we 

follow tbe Rue St, Pierre (Pi. C, 3), Nos. B2 and 51 iti whioh (mat 

'ie beginning) sru quaint houses with vood-carring. Farther on, 

"> the right, is St. Snuiieur (PI. C, 5\ ctn« tit V»q ^'kwxVim 

JfJaeed aide by side and fotminB an immans* nfc^a- '^'(i't'WiMi.ii^'ia. 

in tbe Gatbie style,, and has a haniaomB ^leWri olfee' AanyW- 

mA/j' rfeeoi-ated apso of thel&-16ll» cenl.,a^v^^s>o™*'>^'^*'"*3iBB| 

^* St. Eli«nn(. CAE\. 22. Route. 169 

The Kne Frolde, skirting the charcli, leads to the UniveriUi 
(PLC, 2), on imporUnt aoadomj'. Tbt FalaU rit rfniumW, partly 
dating from last century, but recently mtinh enlarged, contains 
a Ffatural History Museum [adm. Snn., 12-4^ ■-'I'l the etbnograpli- 
icsl collections of Dnmont d'DrvillB (p. 193). In front of it, in the 
Kue Pastenr, are brorii^e BlatDes of MaUierbe (p. 167), by tbe elder 
Dintan, and Laplaet (1749-1827; a native ofCalvadoB), tbe math- 
ematician, by Barre. — Near tbe Dni*eraitS are the modem 
Gothic Benedictine Chureh, atCanhad to a conTcnt, and the Frome- 
nade St. JuUen. — At the W, end of the Rue Pafteut 1b the Place 
.St. Sauvear, in which is another church of SI. Savt-eur CP1.B,2, 3), 
dating from the 12th, 14th, and 16th cent., now a corn -market. On 
iho fight side of tbe square risee the Palali de Jusike (18th eent.)„ 
In the centre is a bronze statue, by L. Itouhet, of Elie de Beaamont- 
(1798-1874), the geologist, a native of tbe department 

The Kue Ecnyere, continuing the Rue de St. Pierre to the W. 
from tbe PalaiE de Jnsdce, leads to — 

*St. Etienne or St. Bteplitn [Pi. A, B, 3), the cliurch of tbe Ab- 
baye-auz-Hommea, founded by William the Conqueror at the Bame 
date as La Trinity (p. 168). St. Etienne is in the same style as Lr 
'i'rinite, though larger, but its unity of style was destroyed by alter- 
ations in the 12th cent., when the choir was rebuilt in the Pointed 
style. It is difQcutt to obtain a satisfactory tIew of the ohurch, on 
account of the buildings which hem it in. The W. facade, with two 
elegant towers of the 12th cvut., 295 ft. high, is remarkably plain; 
and the interior also, like tharof La TrinitS, is distinguished by it*, 
dignified Blmpllclty. The aisles here too are provided with galleries;' 
the S. aisle is adjoined by a Gothic chapel added in the 14th ceiituryi 
The transepts are shallow and have no doorways. A lanteru-towet 
of the 17l:h cent, replaces the pyramidal spire, 400 ft. high, which 
formerly surmouiited the crossing. A black marble slab In front of 
tbe high-allar marks the tomb of William the Conqneror |_d. 1087) ; 
but the bones of the monarch were rudely scattered by llie Hugne- 
nots In 1562, and again In 1793, so that the tomb is now empty. 
The sacristy, itself an Interesting specimen of architecture, contains 
an ancient portrait of the Conqueror. Other noteworthy features are 
the cholr-stalis, the carved cloclc-caee in the N. transept, tbe pulpit, 
and the organ- case, supported by colossal figures. 

ProfBBSDr Fretman writu Da fcrllowfl of this highly Intcre^tiDg cIiutoIi, 
which he d^cribet b» pBrbapj the DabtBil and mait perfect tvork nf ita 

■ and Si/at GabriBl, the chuicli ot WiiWam, ™^ Vn w^N^^^ 

■ in llB detlgo, disdaining ornamenl, bat hctot »\ii.toB^ W" 
'fd a eharcb wonhy of it» founiVcT. T^ie nA-osVtt "^ 



■ihy of it» founil 

■Icher, even in iw eKHcai. ■p»'"-> "<zr"M 


gninieur df proporaon wLich mirlu Iho work nf ler huifcnod. Tta one 
IB tiiB Eiptefsion in alono of llie imporial will of the connnering Duke; 
ibe oilier trealies the Irue Bpirii of Mj loitng and fsiihful Ducli™\ 
ffformoB Com/BMr, Vol. iii, p. ItJfl). 

Tho Alibaye-QUi-HoiDnies was retuilt in the 18th cent., and is 
now DCGupied by tbe Lyelc (Fl. A, ?i). To rescb the facade, which 
is lurned aw&y from tha (thurch, we retracfl our steps to tbe Palais 
de JuBtiee, and enter the Place da Pare, to the right, where there is 
a bronze Statue of Louh XIV., by tho yonnger Petitot. 

Tbe Lyc^e cnotilna aeienl bandsDiDC rDoma (viiUurs ndniitled). Ibn 
Re/eoliirv wi Ibc Chratl ub iniDcllcd wllii oak und adoroed nitb palDlInis. 
The teiline of Iha «aW STalrMH Wiw eiecoied by a mook. 

A Uttie to tbe N. of iMs point is (be aeuniarised Church of 8l. 
Mcotas [PI, A, 2), an interesHng Nomsn edifice of the ll-12lh 
centuries. Mi. FergnsGon believes it to be the only flbiireh in Nor- 
mand; which re{ni[is tbe original covering of the apse, coiieistilig of 
a lofty pyramidal roof of stone (visitorB not admitted). 

In tbe Itue de Csumont, leading K. from the Place du Pare, is 
the Old Church of St. Etiennc (PI. B, 3), of the 16th coiitury, ^o. 33, 
nearly opposite, formerly a Jesuit college, contains the Antiqvaiian 
HuHdhi (Pl. D, 3), open to the public on Sun. and Tburs., 2-4, but 
accessible to strangers on other days also. 

Thongb tbB Follectlana are not Urse, lliey CDBtaln lame iDUrenlse 
ohjccU. laoluding an antlquB bronze tiipodiVerovInelaD orniuaenls, fcindi 
In a tomb near f.aeni a goblet called 'WilUani Ibe ronqueroiV, but In 
reality an Italian work of tbe end of tbe lOtb cenl.i and embioldeiel 
chasubleg, etc., of tbe ifltb century. 

The Rue St. Lanront, running to t)ie 3. from the end of the Bus 
Oaumont, lends to Notre Dame or La (?lor««e(Pl, C, 3), a ehwreli 
built by the Jesuits in the 17th eont., and to the Place de la fiS~ 
tecture, in which are the friftclare and the Otniarmcrie [PI. 0, 4), 
ambitions modern erections of no special interest. 

Opposite the Prffectare Is an ancient seminary, now occnpleiC 
as the Hatel de Tills fei. G, 3). The entrance ie on the P.. side, 
in the Place de la K^publiqne (PI. 0, 3), where a inirbla SUOue of 
Auhtr (p. 1B7), was erected in 1S83, from a dealpi by Delaplancb*. 
Tho *HiiaAe, in the left wing of tbe Hotel de VlUe, is open to tbe* 
public on Sun. and Thuts., 11-4, but Is accessible to stiangors on 
other days also-, apply to tbe concierge or knock at tbe doot tt* 
the left on the tlrsC floor. EipisDaCory labels on the paintingl. 

Ob tbe it^urcxgs la a Urge palolliie, by B. J. Fartttia', repreieoDo^ 
IhoBorini ofWilliim the Ronqueror interrupted hy tbe former owner 0( the 
BoiJ, nholiad1]B«ni]r^uBtly diapnafleafred toAecureaeitefor tbeobnnJLQi.lGQ* 

KaoH 1. Tu Ihe ligbl, 319. fr. atratd, Deelh of Palionlus (unOidibf^ 
26B. Oiitr, Incident on tha retreat from hoaeowi SS&. Oimud, FrooeB^iiB 
n[ the Clreamclaloii at Cairo i SSI. £anou>, The TitMr; O. Uaieltt, Lud- 
seapai 318. Ani. UM, Sea-pieeoi 139. J. Vcniel, Sea-plecc. IBS, Jtigaia, 
Porlrall of a caoitieri F. TaHrrram, Sea-nisce; 243. Kms. C^deaaaUu 
of St. SymuboroBlus nnrl hi) laven loni; 36. B. OArlMn, Still-life; abois 
Iha door, set. DAtm. William the Conqaeier enlerine i-ondoa. 

/t. n. 151. HBadittcUr, Hen and DbinlioDi! •LU, Dkrtrm, a 

^itj ot tVe ■^iiiioi, •SO.. QwIUn 


L>iid«»pu-, 191 . Tou.-iiih-Bi, Purtriil i "3. Pirii^, Uarriuaa uf tho Virgin 

no. Paul, LindBcspe; 8S. Kulan., Portriuli 3?, Oiarclno , Mmlondi) S3 
CilnurC, SI. BebHBtUni iW. Diixar, Hand at an old msDi 9lt. EeilUTf ini 
J. van Oott. Ylrsin in ■ nrUnd of fiu«sri( 291. J. BerU-a»d, Cinderella. - 
Nn number, Farugino, It. Jernme) iSH. Misarrt, HodcmltoTj oF Bcinig: 
208. fl. If. Lrioair, Bdlomon befnre Iha Ark. 13i. F^rrd. Set. Portrail o 
> iDBElitrntGi 17D. OdhwI. Xme. de ParLb^e (tba noniri by Fml 

a. III. 101. Ph. dt Chon^alsns. Hb»1I of Christ: ' 

Virgin and Chilli, w^'"- ■- "" "■-—■ — - 

i.'7mmnnlDn of Bl. Bi 
BaUn, The [our BleL. 
lis. J. B, it Champatgw 


Uuket: 338. Li Comle-dJt-iriim. 
Ola; itu^u, Open-BirbaU{m 


i B7. n-oHct On ToiB 
piBston of loTO; arc. Ltffrip, S. Piiu._:.. . '", 

of Butinga, WiUluD Ibo CDnqueraii 307. Linaiti, Tbn ' 
train. The taper; 98S. PailM. Pcrgl&n liorieiiien wltu L>iiauui..E>i ^..u. 
B. Ltfrbtrt, Frulli 130. Brateniure, Dnlcb inl^riUT) 391. niricn, St. 8e- 
Kcrlnat eiilng alms; 171. Jomain. Fr. BomsiD, an^llect! 116. aturclno, 
Dido) 11». FltmatH, Adniatiun of Ilie Sbopberda) ]3B. Saaing. Portnlt ot 
a phyBiDiani l47. Btfa, Ltndecspi; SB, M. Ph. dt cnampaigoi, Vciir of 
I^nniB XIII., AnDUDBlittont UO, r. MtHalam, Liindar.ap<<| 1GB. ^eftrun, 
Bapllna of (nirigt, — 186, ^. RigaMi, Hmc. SuiinrdinB, wife of the sculp- 
toi. — In the mtildle of the rnnm : Oain-ard, Dsphnli and Cliloc, s innrhlB 

^' VlV. 7. Andna dtl Sort., SI, Behasliini S8. NtapulUtvi Sthnvl, A 
Hcstnre ot derision; 6. Leon, da Wnfi, Reduced replic. ot the 'Vieigo sn* 
aochen' al the Louits; IBS. TattrnUru, Chtpelle nod Ruinei 36, Stre^i, 
Meienry and Argas; 190. TrMraifret, Partr^l of a mnglatnles 63. Panini, 
Reception of 'eordoni bloui'i *34. Bvboit. Hekhisedec offering bread and 
wine to Abrtlami Z». Koi. Ltfnrt, Mlla. (.'iff.rellii %i. Btfeai Fsuna 
»ad Bucbantui JS. Lanri, Retarn of Ibe Prodigal Son (anJiitectnrnl 
br Biblti • •"" " ■- "' - .. ■ '. - 


172 BoiiU33. 

HONFLEDR. Walirlng-Plart^ 

Tbe Litrary, also In <be Hotel de Ville, in part of fbe former 
chipel of tba serainsry, contains about !I0,000 vols, anil 600 MSS., 
besides portraits of illastrious natLves o( Normandy and a copy of 
tbe calobrated Bayoni tapestrj' (p, 160). 

In the Flaca Oambetta (PI. C, 4), to tbe S. of tbe Q6tel de Vllle, 
Is the modern OcndnmiErlf, opposite the facade of which ie the Alaiie 
La7>glob (San., 11-5), containing paintings by Col. Langlois, weil 
linown as a designer of panoramas, — Farther to the S. are the fine 
promenades linown as the Cours Sadl-Caraol (PI. C, D,4, &) and the 
Grand-CouT!, which sitlct the iVairie in which Is the Hippodrome 
or racB-conrse [rates on the first Sun., Mon., and Tues. in August). 

About Vz M. tn tbe E., at Rue Basse 201, is the Manoir da Gem- 
d'ATmti (P!. G, 3), a picturesque rained ediflce, ot tbe IBtb cent, 
so called fcom two statues of armed men on tbe main tower. Both 
lowers and the crenelated wall which connects thom are ornamented 
witb eurious medsUiani in good preservation, )uid the main tower 
still retains a fine grated window. 

The Interesting, but somewhat remote Jardin da Ftanta (PI. B, 1 ; 
open all day) contains numerous hothouses, important lierbaria, and 

Fboh C^es ^oDlVRs-aAtova^ (TroueilU). 1. Jiailaan CO a., in 1 br,] 
.. .ji Iha Qi» lie J'Otieit y[i ll6'k H.) Bmull-ralot, wliQre we join tbg 

Sne from Kdldon (p.lBS). — 2. Tramnag (tB'/j M.. In I'/iir-J from the 
Liul. at. Pierre (farel 9, 'i'U, i'h ti.) lil Snouii'Ie (p. 176). 

FltDk CtiH TO ViRi, IS H., TBllnay In nboot 3i/i bri. — From (33 M.) 
Ottiimrviai K bruBcb-ltae dlvergaii to (16 M.) Bl. U (p. tfll). — (6 X. Vt" 


23. Watering-Places in Calvados, 
a. TrauTille-Seaurille, Tillers- anr-Her, Benieval'EoulKnte, 

nnd CabDurg'. 
P<(.ni Paris 10 T,-miill', I3f!i/, M., ttuLwir in 1-f"// b". (fares 31 fr. 7S, 
IBfr.ia, Klfr. nOc), — From Trouvlllo to Villtri-iur-M'ir, 1 M., KtiLw.i 
In i/>-V< br. (Chm 1 rr. ^, SH, Bbc): ta JBoinxal - ifcnj^alt, l^Vi H-, tn 

(tsmt 2 rr. 16, 1 fi. SS, 1 fr. ID e.}. — Aaotber route, aae p. 15(1. 

From Paris to (118Vj M.) LUieux, see K. 31. Wo leave the Une 
to Caen on the left, pass through s tunnel i/^ H. long, and descend 
the valley of the Touiuei. 6 M. Le JlTeuU-Blangi/. — lO'/a M. 
Font-l'Eviqne (Brat d'Or), a emal! (own on [he Touques. 

FKoi. Pc^T.^'Evi^u. TO Bo«r:soi,, 16</, »., riUlwar in 10-W mln. 
(furea 3 tr. IS, a fr. 10, 1 fr. TS c). — lie train puiu ihrougb a lanMl 
IV. M. long. From (t'lt a.) Q<rMf«^/t< (p. ITfi) a may he paid to 
Gliilean d'H^boilot (lee n. 1TG), The train akirlj the «Mk>. 

Wh M. HonSeiic (CAnaf fitene. Quai Beiullau, R., L., £ A. S-T, d^. 
2V', D. S fc.i du jDoiqjDfii, Rue de la K<ipub1iqae. — Britiali Vlcc-Cogaul, 
J. H. D. Cluirlu'iini V.B. CoDBUlar Agent. /Twy if. Bnnt^), a aeaporl 
Iowa w/ih B<n) labtb., ptclureiquely silaated on tba left bank anl at |ba 
month of the Brint, hu declined Blnce the louniWi^nD ot \a Batr a. ja>. 
ilio orrine I., tbe elltlng up of its tatliDur. ContAilenMVe sQwAa^'UMBH 

^■hi OalTiadoi. TROUVILLE. 23. RouU. 3 

bara lecently bcea mwie to Imprava ind eilend llie JmtEr. EdnOei 

B Urge quflnllllBS ol eggi, poullti, veeetablos, ac 
~ IS slaUon li sltuttid near Ibe h&rhour. Tbs ^ilUI 

id Ibu £t«itiian«, vltb a porU.! of the ISlb cent., Blond 
ir me ouiot impbour. Tba curious Umbet CTureA (,/ SI. CaOierine, dating 
Bi IbB end of tba 151b cenl., conalsla nf two par»lli!l navej will aisles, 
gontalnsB good organ -loft, a painting ofCbrisI in OeLhsenii.nB by J. /dt- 
lu, and a Bearing of lUc Croai by eramni QM/lfn (in tbe naTo). 

■n'iiilb of_t!ie_ Seinei and tlie plalenn foma an aCTHealile and slmded 

, ia a Sea-lHtfii^g Ettabiith- 
An omnllius leaver 

^iie da Oraca to Ibe Tl|,rbt. and Ihen tak. 
" " m Ihe road lu Troutil 

e beatb ia mudily ai 

ii,..^ , .t- '^*--vai Bjaua lor iiii ai.j ardueur^ re^uiArif 

i fr. 60, ontlride 3 tt, idV.],' Tbe road runs partly among treea and Ibe 
view la conRued antll we reaeh (3 H.} (MgurAnnir with itj protiT Ivy- 
covered cbnrob. 6 U. Villeniltt, Btr^ p. 17fl. — JO H. JVowriUa, lee below. 

16 M. Toiiqnta, i, scoslt tiver-port aboat S'/j M. from the mouth 
of the TonquBa, with two ancient churches ^ll-12th cent.~), U 
IV* M, from the ruined Ckntemi de BomuviUt (adni. 60 e.]. Then, 
lo the left, appear the railway to Oabotirg (p. 176) and the race- 
conreo of Deauvillo (p. 175). 

18 M. Trottville. — Holeli. Dta Kouuks, a large eslablisL- 
ment, at IheK.W. end or the town and betcti be Pinis, also of lie Oral 
clBBB. bcller Bilnaled, near the casino ; Bei.L[.vui^ et oe la H^n; pt> Hkldiu, 
d^j. 3. D. I'/i Er,, 'ua la Pi,«Gt, B., L., « A. B-T, B. V/s, i6j. i. D. 3, 
pens. 7-12, umn. i/ii fr,; lie last IbreB are all in lie Place de I'HSlel-de- 
Ville. near Ihe beaih; BeiusajocK, (IobI Valines Tivoti, with garden, al 


Sea-Balba at Ibe Casino and Ihe Hillel in K'ehea Hoiret) balbi.., 
I COc.afr.i eostumeKl, 'peignoir- 23, towel 10, 'gui^a baieneur' BO 

Oaaino. AdmiselDn lor one der 2 fr. (between July leih and Sept. ISl 
r.)i per forlnlghl, ' ■ - '« " .. . -„ -^ . ..n- 

dar 2 fr. (between July IBIh and Sept. IBlb 
.. W, 2 pars. 7Di per mDatb, 70 i UOfr.i 
ily lal to Aug. lOlh, or Aug. lOlh id tbo close) W t ISO) ■ 

••.° In TrouvUlc^'^wltb one horse, bclwecn G a.m. and midnigbt, I 
(6l'/i, will luggage 'ifr.-, with two horsaa a«ndaV>'r.i tor Dean- I 
and 3 or 3udtfr.i per br. Ifr., each addlt. he. 3 fr,, wllb two I 
I fr. extra ; per day 25 and SO Ir. 
>t t Telegraph Ofece, Bue PelleHn 7, tbe third erD99->lreel to Hie 

irnlmmt lo £i //aanr, dally during tbe leanln, \n »|tta,, »«t ^-*\- — 
■ Deaarilie, la aiunmer only, frum tVie Flat* 4a Vi CiliQNXe, \&t.-. 


tur-Xtr Ip. 115), Vi . 

Bnk€a. During lbs reason eicnrilnn-bTukci iilr iceulAilT tn varion' 
poinli dF inlereit Id ths tIcIdIIt (fsr.^ SS fr. BooordlnE la Uis diaUnu)) 
ufOcg M Ufl Fiib Hukot iPoliuonnerle}. 

Brltiib 'Viea-Ooninl, Ahm f. O'J/iai, £iq. 

Trouville, pleiisantly sLCoBted at the moath or tlie Toujuej, is 
DOW the most frequented watering-place un the coast uf Notmaudy. 
The season lasts from ,Taly to October anil is at Its height in Angtist, 
wliea living here Ie extremely expensive. Forty years ago Trouville 
was a htiinble llghing- village with a smaU harbour ; now it has 6360 
Inhab., and the bi^ach and ailjacent slopes are covered with hand- 
some villas and couiitrj'-houBes. 

Tha tailway-slation is aitnated on (he left bank of the river, be- 
tween Deanviilo and Tronvillc. We cross a bridge to reacli the 
latter. The Haibaur is much used by Qshitig-boits and also carries 
on some trade In timber. The charch on Che hill (o the right ol' the 
harbonr, Notre-Daini-dcf' Vietoircs, is a modern erection. The Fisli 
Harkel, near the end of the quay, presents an interesting spectacle 
when the lishing-boats come in. Thence the important Roe dea 
Bains leads to Notre-Damc-d(-Bons~Sec(yuri, another small modern 
church, with a flno facade and a KeDaissance Cower. Beyond the 
flah-market rises the Butel de Vilie, in the style of LouSfl XIII., to 
Che left of whicb is the Place de la Cahotte [ferry, see p. 173). 

'i'he 'Btach (Plage/ of Trouville, stretching from the harbour ID 
the Hotel dee Koches Noires, a distance of about ^/g M., is one of the 
flnest in France and daring most of the day in the season thronged 
with holiday-makers and bathers in faEhionable and attractive coa- 
tames. It ia bordered for nearly its entire length by a broad paved 
or hoarded promenade, and beUad ia a row of pleasant villaa. tc has 
been epigram malically described aa the 'Suraraer Boulevard of Paris'. 

The Caiina, known also aa the Salon, a large edillce of brick and 
stone, rising on a terrace overlooking the beach, offers all the altrac' 
tions common to fashionable InEtiCntlons of Che sort. Theatrical pei^ 
rnrmances take place twice a week, and a grand ball is usually given 
on Sundays. — Another small Qiiino Was opcued in 1892 on th» 
Promenade Pitr, at the other end of the beach ; adw. to pier M o,, 
gratis to passengers hy tlie steamer to 1,e tlavre, ivMch starts hera 
at low-tide. 

Seanville. — Hotelt, annuo HJtbi, oe llEiuvniE, uk la TamUBili, 

tbe 5tatioii. — Bviitax nnil Fm'nisJiad A^artnitHU may be obtained. -^Bva 
Bathing sg ii Tionrlile. — Ferrv fu TronvlUe, see p. 17B. 

DtaiiviiU, vhicb sharea the rail way- station with Trouville, mK/ 

be reoehBd from the right baiikof the harbour either by ferry (5-iOi'.) 

or by Ibe bridge near the station. Tounded in modern times as a 

ses-batliing resort, it Las broad and sliivig\i>,BV.tefe\a,\i«.l tha origiiul 

pJi" was iwtar farricdout and the town ^te^vnte W, a^ije"™™''' 

hiOOvadoB. YILLERS-SUR-MER. 23, Route, lib 

a half-flUed canvas. The beach is distinctly inferior to the heach at 

Tronville, and at low water the tide recedes too far. The Terrasse 

skirts a number of fine houses, situated somewhat far apart. — 

From the beach a tramway runs to TourgSville-les-Sablons (10 c.) 

and BinerviUe (20 c), about halfway to ViUers-sur-Mer (see below). 

During one week in August Deauville is the scene of a highly 

fashionable race-meeting. 

ExcuBSioNS from Trouville and Deauville (see p. 174 and comp. the 
KaPf p. 58). To the ruins of Bonneville^ Lcusay^ and 8t, Amoult, see p. 173 
ud below. — To the (10 M.) ChdUau dPHihertot^ a castle of the 17th cent., 
Bitasted at Bt. Andri-d^Hihertot. The road intersects the picturesque Forest 
of Touquet and passes (5 M.) St. Oatien and OVa M.) St. Benoit-d Ilibertot. 
The station of Quetteville (p. 172) lies 2V2 M. to the N.W. of the chateau. 
About 3V« M. to the N.E. of Trouville, by the Honfleur road, is the 
watering-place of Villerville (omnibus 1 fr.; private carr. according to 
bargain). The road ascends a steep hill, passing the fine Chdteau Cordier 
and several pretty villas. l'/4 M. Uennequeville. — Villerville {Hdlel de 
Ptai$; dtt Bairn; de la Plage; etc.) is a picturesquely-situated bathing- 
place of more humble pretentions than Trouville or Deauville. It has a 
small Casino and is surrounded by attractive country-houses. 

From Trouville to Le Havre^ see p. 61 ; to Honfleur^ see p. 173. 

The Railway to Cabourg diverges to the right from that from 
Lisieux to Paris. On the right lies the race-course of Deauville. — 
37-2 M. Tourgiville, To the right rises Mont Canisy (330 ft.), sur- 
mounted by the ruins of the Chdteau de Lassay and of the Church of 
St. Arnault J an 11th cent, priory. From Tourgiville a visit may 
be paid to the Chdteau de Olatigny (16-17th cent. ), which has a fine 
carved wooden facade. — 8 M. Blonville^ with several country-houses. 

7 M. YillerS-gur-Mer. — Hotels. Des Hkbbages , on the beach ^ 
^£ Paris, adjacent, R. & L. 4V«, pens. 10-12 fr. ^ Bras d'Or, in the village, 
R. from 2»/2, D. Bfr.; du Casino, near the Bras d'Or. — Sea-Baths l'/^ fr.-, 
bathing-box and foot-bath 60, costume 50, peignoir 25, tov^el 10 c. 

yillers-sur-Mer is a picturesquely situated sea-bathing place 
resembling Trouville. The environs are undulating and prettily 
hooded; the shingly beach, 1 M. from the station, is very extensive 
and flanked by tasteful villas. At one end is a small Casino (adm. 
^ ^r.). The church, on the cliff, has been partly rebuilt in the Gothic 
!*yle of the 13th cent, and is embellished with stained glass by 
^amel-Marette. — Interesting excursion to (37o M.] Houlgate 
^i the Disert and the Vaches Noires (p. 176). 

The railway now ascends a steep incline, passing the station of 
°^' Vaast and traversing woods. 

121/2 M. Benseval- Houlgate. — Hotels. At Uoulgate^ to the 
''Sht on arriving from Trouville: Grand Hotkl d'Houloate, Rue Bau- 
^itr, a large house of the first class, vrith sea-vievr, separated from the 
^••Ibo by a garden, R. 3-25, L. <fe A. I3/4, I>. 5, pens, from 12 fr.*, BKAi;sf> 
^Oci^ Bbu:.£VD£, Bue des Bains , the continuation of the Bue Baumier 
***»!• Beaseral. — At Beuzeval: Grand Hotel Ihbkili^ T>-a Yk».\?.. 

laa-BathB. BatWngr-box 50-60, costume 40-00, ipft\?,T\oVt ^t.., ^V«.. r^. 
JW*. At Bculsfate, adm. Ifr.j subscription for a vjetVt VI It., \o^V«v«^>. 
«A, moatb 80 fr.; for 2 pers. 20, 30, & 90 fr. 


176 EBvitM. OABOUBO. Watertng-Plaeiir^^ 

Bevttval and Hout^ate Soioi pmctically one long village, Etteteli- 
iug aloiif B line ssndy teach. Houlg^le is ot recent origin and con- 
sifita mainly of villas with shady gardens. Beuzeval, ihroogh which 
the railway runs, extends to within '/i M. of the E. end of Dives 
und to the vicinity or Cabaorg (see below}. 

About 3 a. to Ibe ».E. ii Ihe Oiierl, a clmoi of rofki Mien from 
the clilTB wiicb are knann ili tbe Vactv yoirei. 

The railway now approaches tbe sea, and passes between the 
last few bouses of Bouievil and the shore. A little farther on, the 
Cities enters the sea. Walkers to Cabonrg cross the small hsrbonr 
at its mouth by a ferry. — ISfi/t M. Dit-^es-Cabourg , about 3/4 M. 
from each of the places it series. 

Dives (Guiifaume-i*-CDTtipif rani , a quaint building, dei. 4. 
D. 6 fr. incl. cider ; del Voyagmn, dSj. 2'/s, D. 3 ft.) was Ihfl har- 
bour front which William the ConqaerDc first set sail for England 
in 1066 (comp. p. II). A column on a neighhoaring height com- 
memorates the OTent; and the names of his companions, so far as 
linown, hace been inscribed inside the porch of the CbuffA, which 
dates from the 14th and 16th centuries. The timber Markti Bvild- 
ingi, not far from tbe church , also date in part from the i6lh 
century. Cabourg is only ^/i M. distant. 

14Vs M. Cnbonrg. — Hnteli. Qkisb H.jtbl, on the beacli, adjoining 
llie UiBliio, at (be and of tbe Avenuu ie U Seki deb Dues he Nobuandii:, 
nlaa on 'lie beach; ou ijAStKO, an Nono, Bats d'Or, In tbs Avenue de la 
Hare: ds la Kairie. 

Sia-Bitbi, 17, fc, bathla^'boii alone eOc, Coilnme COc. Etc. — 
Oujna. Aim. I ti. nnd i fr. extra fat lbs 'Salle des fft?9'i lubseilplion 
taraweeklS, furlnlahl SO, monlh SOfi.) for 3 pen. SO, SO, A U fr. 

CabouTp is of modem origin, at lea£t so far as the sea-baths are 
concerned. It is laid out ou a fan-shaped plan, which, however, as at 
Deanville, is far from being completed. It ho^ several fine avenues, 
but the wide sandy beach is bare. There is, of course, the ttsnal 
huge Coiino, with its Temase. 

FaOB DiYBB-CABouRt To BEHouviLi-g (Cota.UK-sw-Uer). syi «.. steam 
tramway in I hr. (ferea 1 fr. 80, Ifr. 86, 90 ■:.). Tbe line pgaaes Iha entrBneE 
of Caliourg (26, 20, 15 c.), and eonlinans .1 leme dlBtanoo from Ibegea.— 
2'/]U. 1.B Stmt (Oraad mill), a sniall wateriag-plaee with bbvcibI vUIm. 
- Several oilier amall iitallans. ^ 8 M. Hannlllt. Wt ecuss the One and 
a cinnl. — Al (B'/sW-l Bimru.r7to wb elangc cars for the Caen line (p. 172). 

The railway, quilting the sea, runs to the S. to (5 M.) DoatU, 
where it forks, one branch leading to flTVn M.] Mlsidon and ttfc. 
other to (.20 M.) Cam. See pp. Ifi8, 172. ^M 

b. Inc-BQT-Her (liosl, Langiune, St. Anbin-SQi-KeT, '^^| 
and CDnTseulleB. ^^^ 
I. From Gaeu to Luc-iur-Uer direct. 
11 H. Hailbav in 1%-lVv lir- T""! tbe Ban de COuMi at Ca^n, in con- 
nectiun Tyiih tbe Iraina on Iba nuin line from the S. (fares S fr. 36. 1 fr. 80, 
ifr. SPtfJ; or lOM. ia 30-35niln. l«s tin ' ■ " - 

1 S(. *Brt*. (p. 1 


teCMoadM. LION-SUR-M£R. 23. Route. 177 

Caen, see p. 166. After leaving the Gare de I'Ouest the train 
makes a wide circuit to the W. of the town, passing the station of 
La MaHadretie^ and reaches the Qare St, Martin (Buffet), where 
carriages are changed. After a halt of 8 min. the train starts again and 
runs towards the N. — 6 M. Couvrechef; 71/2 M. Cambes ; 9^2 M. Ma- 
thieu. Before reaching the station of(12M.) Douvres-la-Bilivrande 
we have a view, to the right, of its graceful tower (i2th cent.), sur- 
mounted hy a spire in open stone- work, flanked hy turrets. — I272M. 
ChapelU'de'la'DSUvrande^ a hamlet with the famous pilgrimage 
church of Notre-Dame-de-la-BeUvrande, The present handsome 
church, with two towers, in the style of the 13th cent., is modern. 

— i4 M. Lucsur-Mer, see helow. 

n. From Caen to Luc-iur-lCer vi4 Ouistreham. 

15 If. Steam Tbaxwat (p. 172) in IV2 hr. (fares 2 fr. 90, 2 fr. 15, 1 fr. 45 c). 

Caen, see p. 166. Starting in the Boul. St. Pierre, the tramway 
skirts the left hank of the canal hetween Caen and the sea, via CaliXy 
Hirouvilie, and (4^2 ^0 BlainvUle. At (6 M.) BenouvUle it is joined 
by the tramway from Dives-Cahourg (p. 176). 

91/2 M. Ouistreham (Hot. du Calvados; Univers; de la Marine) , 
an old seaport at the mouth of the canal, with a Romanesque church 
(12th cent.). Steamboat to Le Harre (p. 61). — 10 M. Riva Bella 
(H6t. de la Plage) and (I272 M.) La Brhche - d' Hermanville have 

13 M. Lion-BUr-Mer. — Hotels. Grand Hotel, on the beach, B. from 
3-4, d^j.QVzi ^' 31/2 fr* incl. cider; de la Plage; du Calvados, Bellevde, 
dej. 2Vz, D. 3 fr. — Furnished Houses. — Sea-Bathe. Bathing-box 20 c, 
costame 40 c, peignoir 15 c, towel 10 c. 

Lion-8ur-Mer is the leading watering-place on the W. coast of 
Calvados, though it is even less pretentious than Houlgate or Ca- 
bourg and has no casino. The whole coast to the W. of Caen, though 
a little shingly, is very suitable for bathing, and at places it rises in 
cliffs of some height. At certain points the end of the season is apt 
to be accelerated by the smell of the sea-weed cast up in large 
quantities by the sea, which though used as manure by the peasants, 
is seldom wholly carted away before it begins to decay. There are 
few distractions at these watering-places beyond those offered by the 
sea and the beach. The bathing-boxes are large enough to be let 
(26-45 fr. per month) as day-quarters for visitors. 

13^2 ^* Haut'Lion has a Renaissance chateau. 

15 M. Luc-8Ur-Her. — Hotele. Belle-Plage, R., L., & A. 2V*-5V4, 
B. 1, d^j. 8. D. 8V« f''5 Jou Petit-Enper, pens, from 7 fr., both on the beach. 

— Sea-Bathe. Bathing-box 40, costume 30-60, 'peignoir' 30 or 40, towel 10 c. 

— Oaeino. Adm. 1 fr., subs, for a week 7, fortnight 13, month 10 fr.; 
family-tickete less. 

tMC'tw-'Mer, which has a small harbour, is the oldest thQ\k%V^ 

not nqw the pleasantest or most frequented "ba.t\i\iv^-^\^c>^ qw ^Ss» 

eoast U possesses a tolerable Casino. — The Ta^iuW.^ ^^^ ^tSewx.^^ 

t*s Northern France. 3rd Edit. Y>, 



III. From Li 

Beyond Lno tbe lailway runs dosa to tho ahore. Tha Rochen da 
Culaadoi In tlie sea are Eud 10 derive tiieir iiame from the 'Salvador', 
a T66se!be!onging to tlie'luTiucible Armada', wrecked lieraiii 1688. 

15 M. (from Caen] Langnuie. — HotoU. De i.* Teeiubbe, on ihe 
shotB oulsiae Ihe ■rlU^t, biltwij (o 81. Aubin (use bolow); n BEttEVDE, 
D. 3fr.i DE i,A ItKii, wllh cnK. ~ PiiUilii|;-bDX SOd. 

Langrune resembles Lac in iti general cbarscterlstlce, bat It U 
only ^/i M. by the Ehorc from Luc and 1 M. [rom St Aubin, botb 
of wbii^h haye casinoa. Tbe Church has an elegant stone spire dating 
from Ihe 13-14tb cent, and contains a fine etone pulpit. 

16 M. Bt. Anbln-auI-HBT. — Bat«U. De la TESBiisE, halfira; lo 
Lnnerune (ace aboie)! de Piais, with Ihe easiuo; Bt. 4t»is, BiiiLBVcrB, 
well-iilualed on ilie beBebi ue li UaniNE, on tbe oqiskirie. — Su-Bitbi 
M at LangTunc. — Oaiino, near the S. end uf Ibe beach, adin. BOc. lod 
1 fr-i lea? ta subacribcra. — Ca/i de rUnluri, near the Casino. 

Si. Aiibin-ivT'McTj tbough only a yillage like Langruiie, with a 
sbingly beach, is an tbe wbols a better sea-batbine place. It has a 
long 'Terrasse', on the beach, backed by sttractiiB vitlal, and puG- 
s esses oyater-beds. 

ITi/a M. Strniirct (Vigne; de !a Her) also has a few batbing- 
boiea and aii inteieEting church d3,ling from (he ll-13th centuries. 

19'/jM. CDniietilIei(//fi(. dtiEtrangcrii de Farit, on the beach, 
near the station), at the mouth of tbe SfuIIcj, carries on in active 
trade in oysters. Its sea-bathe are the moet primitiTe on this coiat 
and tbe most exposed to the sca-wced annoyance. They ace at 
some little distance from tbe town, and tbe boaab Is stillln Its pristine 
loughness. The oyster-beds are between the station and tbe hacbDor. 

At Ci-Bijfc a'/j M. uB Ihe volley of tbe Scallea, ia a fine old eha- 
au of Ihe I3-iaib nont. | the ruined J^om o/ «. Oairiel, i'/i H. fsrlher 

ir-ifir (Hdlf I vrila-dei-Arlit), nitli uFa-bslht, and (7 H.) 4W^ 

lMi(p. 161) lo PiiM-cu-Beaslu (p. 161). 

24. From Chetboiirg to Brest. ^^M 

(GranvUle, Mont St. Michd, Si. Malo.l ^^ 

262 K. RiasvAi In 13>^ lirs. (fires Blfr. 95, 38 fr. eO. 36fr. 80e.}. — 
To araattm. ch»L»lne carriages al Fullisny (p. 18T), 91 M., In 47, hni. 
rnirai iSfr. h, iO tt.^5, flfr. 75 1.;. — Td Ilonl St. HUM. E^war lo 
(toon.) FarilBriB^ia S'/sbra. (p.l81\ lata Wli.ffi, U tr. OS, 10 fr. Wt)! 
ttcnce fay, K.i bj railway -dill BEOec ot omnlbos (s-ie v*^' — '^a "t. Kota, 
bsDeing carriages al Dol (p. 20, bMl ut l\n. WmiB.^.mii.s^iiV^'*"- 

COLITANCES. ii. iiouW. 179 

(lues 26 U. 16, 19 U. 10, 13 fr. 6 uO. - Conalduiable btlla si 
intermcriutv itatluna on oil lliese ruuiea. 

Cfteriourjf, Sea p. IG3. Ths train follows the lino to Paris as 
fir iS (il M.) BolitBaat (p. 162), wliere it diverges to the S., trsTorB- 
ing an undulating and wooded district. 

16 M. Brioquabsc ( Vi«ux-CAi1Ieau;, a small town, n 
Ing mined Catllt of tlie 14- 16th cant., and an iatBrosting CAurcA In 
the Ttansition style. Necr the cnatlo is a hronze Etatoe, by Oanora, 
of Cf ncf al Xcmoroi) (17TG-1836), a native of the town. 

22Vs M. NStou- — 36 M. St. Sauvear-le- Vicomle is coajmanded 
by the ruins of a chateau and an abbey, dating from the iO'llth 
centuries. — S3 M., La Haye-du-Paiti, with an old TDinod castle, 
la also a station on the line from Caientan to Carteret (p, 161). 

S&M. AngovilU-iuT-Ay. — 3811. Lejtay, with a fine abbey-eburcli 
(11th cento, is the station for the small sea-bathe of 5t. Germain- 
ijiT-Ay, 33/1 M. to the R.W. (31/2 M. to the W. of AngovilJe), and 
PJrau, 41/2 M. to the S.W. — 4B M. PirleTS, with an intereEting 
church (14-16th cent,). Beyond (48V2M.) St. SaweuT-Lendeltn we 
join the line from Llson (p. 161). 

57'/2 H. CODtancei [Buffet; H6tet dc France; d'AngUteire; du 
Daviphiai du TroU EoU, well spoken of), a piGturesquely situated 
town with 7400 inhab. and the seat of a bishop, is of ancient origin, 

lla name ia teriveil frcnn Constantina Chlorua, wbo is lulioed to Lava 
fOrtiflea It in the lliicd cBulury. 11 BuSerea much frnia tie incursions of 
Che Normaiis, as veil an sutoequenl]; in the Eagliab wara. From HIT 
III! 1MB It WBS occupied by (he Engli^li. The Huguenots csptucod Con- 
lancei In 1561, 1S82, 1533 and 1566. 

The niOEt conspicuous building is the fine Gothic 'Cathedral, 
dating in great part from the 13th cent., with two W. towers, and 
a beautiful central •Tower of great boldness, which forms a flno 
lantern in the interior. Mr. Ruskin, in his 'Lectures on ArchiteC' 
tare', singles out the W. towers of this church as showing one of the 
earliest eiamples (if not the very earliest) of the fully developed spiro, 
and points out 'the complete domesliciii/ of the woili ; the evident 
treatment of the church spire merely as a magiitllcd house-roof. The 
tower should be ascended both for the sake of inspecting it and for 
the sake of the view from the top, whioh embraces St. Malo and the 
island of Jersey. In the interior the chief points of interest in- 
clude the tritorium and the beantiful rose-windows in the nave, the 
dontile ambolatory in the choir, with its coupled rolumns, the 
Gothic hl^b-altar of the 18th cent,, and souie Gothii^ bss-reliefs in the 
last chapel on the right before the choir. — A Uttle to Iho S.E. is 
the simple and attractive Gothic Church of Si. Pierre (14-16th cent.), 
■■ontaining Bjiely t^B^"ed choir-stalls. — To ttio S.'E..,\.iv ftvft ^kAct 
ef tbe Palais da Justice, is a statue of X-ebrun, Due 4e ■, 
(i739-iS24), trbo was 6oni near Coutancca. — BeVvni. »N^e w 
^»»*/»i anePnbtle Garden, in tlie Butuit^ievo"*.'*^'*'^'** 
^m^el, erected in the 14th and restoie4 in. fho ^'o'Cn f.<i' 



iSOfioultSi. AVRANCHES. ^^^ 

Atitt 0/ JTimAfi, abaut 14 U. ta the B.E. The rulna loem to dsM miinly 
rrom tba lOtta century. 

A dillEenre nlles from Coulaneea nlitinn to ITIt M.) Caulaincait (Grsgil 
Hdtel, etc.), a sea-bitUne plikce, via (5 M.) foiH-eflfa snrt (fl H.) Agrm. 

Beyond OouImicbs wh enjoy a ftne tfltrospoct or tlie town. G2 M. 
Ornal-AiiEnD/Ife, 2Va H. fiam which U the een-bsthlug reeort of 
Montmartln. Beyond (64 M.) QueUrcoillt the Sienne is crosBsd. 

76 M. Faltigny (Bnffot) la the jnnetion of the line from Paris W' 
GranYiUe (K. "26). — Boyond (82 M.^l Mentoiron-SattUly wo estoh 
s glimpse of Mont St. Michel to the right, The Ste le crosEed. 

Sfli/aM. ATr»ne!ioil_flfi(eirfe tondrei; d< JVon''e,-(iMnirielerre,- 
Bonncoit, near ths Btation, modaiate), one of the oldest towns in 
Normindy, with 7845 inhab., is picturesquely sitnited on a hiil on 
the left hank of thu See, commanding an eiqnisits and justly famed 
■Yien of the Bay of St. Michel. The direct footpath to the town leads 
to the right from the station, but carriages must make a detour to the 
left f omnibus 4IJ c, at night 60 c, luggsge 50 c). 

Honed by Pliny. Tbe Cicilai Abriicaltim w»a one of tlie important cities 
in tlK Senonfl Iiujdunenaio in Ibe Sib ocnluty. Tbg IrialiDpric otAYianobei 
WHS pTOb>.biy founded in (be em eeninry. Fcom 1121 till lliU Ibe tova 

the Huguenotsi and in 1591 il siubborniy raaiaied iba Iroopa of Henri IV, 

yu-PUdt, or ftrmcd tIsIds o( the peuaniry againit'lhe 'dabslle', bro^e out 
at Avranehei, The riglag waa put dowD with rclenUsaa craelty. 

Avrinchea ia a bvouTitD reioit of English vtallors, aud English cbnreh 
lertlees am held hi^re at fl and 5 In summer, nnd al 11 iiud 3.30 m wlnlsr. 

Arranchea at one time poseessed a beautiful Korman-Gothic 
cathedcal, hut it was destroyed in 1790, and only a few shapdess 
ruins in front of (he Sous-Prefecture are left to recall it. An inscrip- 
tion on a broken column indicates the spot whare Hanty II. af 
England did humble penanca in 1173 for the mnrdei of Ihomu 
Recket. The Pfuce commands aline view. The Bia'top') Garden,, 
to the right, farther on, contains a marble statue, by Ijarlellier, of 
lieneraL VatlMbeTl (;i764-(60d), who was born at Airanches. Tha 
old Bishop's Palace, doling from the 16lh cent., is now occupied by 
law-courts and by a small Afujje of antiq.Ditto9, paintings, and natural 
history. A litlhi to the S. is Hotre-Dame-dea-Champi, the principal 
church in the town, recently lebuilt in a minted Gothic style of tiia 
13-i4th centuries. Tbe stained windows are Sno. The cbutch of 
St. Sattimin, a few yards to the left of the apse of Kotre-Dame, has 
also been restored In a similar style. Tha inteiesting Jardia del 
Planlti (good view) is entered from the K. side of the square fn 
front of Notre-Dame. The ntiurch of St. Gereaii, nearer the centra, 
of the town, dates from the i7th century. 

Beyond At ranches the railway reccosses the Sfe, and beyond 
(VJ M.) PotilaubauU it croasea tite SiLtuat by a lofty bridge (bnjutr ' 
Uac to fire via Morlain, Beep. 187> — ^?>1S.. Swo- ■"-' 


>. Aoult. 181 ^ 

100 M. FontoTBon. Fontorson and Mont St. Michel, i 
Itsilway (g Fouglres and Vltri, aefl p. 207. 

Our line nroases the railway to Vitro and tlie rive 
bound&ry botwesn Normandy and Brittany. — 116 M. Dol (Buffet), 
the Junction of the line rrom Rennea to St. Malo (see p. 222). At 
(124 M.) Minlae-Morvan a branob-Une dWereea to La GottesnlOra- 
Caiicale [808 p. 230]. Between (137 M."l Plaidiliea and (129i/a M.) 
Iji Hime the railway twice crosses tbe picturesque v alley of Iho 
[lauM (p. 230| by viadactE, 100 f(. in height. 

ISBV; M. Sinon, see p. 230. 

130 M. CQrSf«l,aii important Strategic point held by theliomani, 
is identilled with the capital of the CnriosUUa oi Iho Fantim Uartls 
o( the TlieodoBian Itineracy. 1441/; m. Planeoit (R6t das Vuyageura), 
pleasantly sltaated In the valley of the Argucnon. 

Fr»m Buioaet diUgcueea ply lu the N. and H.W. to (<j U.) Bl. Jaat- 
it-lu-Mcr anA to (BIA M.) SI. Call tdiligcncc ali-o from Dinard see p. SSej. - ' 
Bt. Jafrut-dB-tb.Ker (B6t. da Dma; da Baiai; ComvO-Pmiim^ '- - — -' 
" "d balliing-resorl, near wlilth are Ihe pioluniBiiUB nil 

Lioaot'm . 

and (lie i^ 

lU diligence 

11 vflUee iiC HI. 

,-„- not fir from the OhUlM. 

Oaida-Bt'Out (BSl. d< ta AfMhl 
- To (he N.W. of St. Cast a "* 

IBS M. LamlalU 

ffT Sofia. BahwaKC- 

^**tte» 3B fr. se, ai ft. 80 

at, Laure (PI. C, 16), n 

Fcom Faria to Oranville. 

Chi»na de Fir d. !'/)««(. liivs Ga.«chii 
80. 16 ft. 3fl c,: 

11 of III 

le Oare Monl| 

in lP/.-10i,'.j lira 
■•- - , theGun 

rl troi 

a, IS}. - 

b^liVl. BtlUBiie Is the only etatton between Paris and VersailleB 
at which the trains stop. — 11 M. Ytrsailtei, see Bafdcktr'e Parii. 
Tba palace and park ace seen to the right, beyond a tannel. To the 
left is the Cortifloil platean of Salary. 

11 M. iS(, Cyf, fanioDs for il» military school, founded in ISOfl, 
numbering 1200 cadets between t!io ages of 16Bnd20. The building, 
which Is well seen from the train (to the right), was originally DO- 
cupied by a school foe daughters of the nobility, founded by Mme. 
lie Maiiituiion, and for diese 'DemoiselleB' ilacine wrote his dramas 
of 'Esther' and 'Athalie'. Uailway to llrittany, see R. 28. 

21 M. PlaisiT'Grignon. Origiion possesses a well-known ^^rl- 

eutlural Jmtitutt, established in a Bno ch^tc^a ot Aw Vlv\i ten.'m^'^ - 

- Branch te (12 M.) Epcme-Miuirrs (p. 44) uniei coi^aWMtfttm- — 

'" '"'"-^-Neauphtc. At Pontel neatNoaupWo^a V\ieVl*v'»''^ 

•26 M. Fillier 
(MUftBu i/e Jhniciar'lfam. 

^Af. Monlfort-i:-\„,„UT,j. Tho littk 1 

, ■w\l^.•^^^ \^= 


13/j M. to the left of tho ata«on, conUins m interesting chnrrh of 
tlie 16-16th cent., and tbe mined castle (lOtli cent.) of Ihe Comles 
deMontrort, which was tbe birthplace of Simon de Montrort, tbe ftble 
though cruel leader in the camp&ign against the Albigensee uid the 
father of the famons Earl of LBieester. 

The tBgUe at (39'/2 M.) Iloudan (Hoi. rin PIsl-d'Etain), of 
which the donjon and a round tower with four turrets still stand, 
also belonged to the connla of Montfort, It was bnilt in 1106- 
1137; Ihe Gothic church dates from Ihe previous century. — 46 M. 
Marcketaii-Broui. Tho rivet Eiire is now crossed. To the right 
appears Dreni. 

51 M. Drens iBtiffet; mtel de rmnce. Rue Si. Martin 24, li., 
L., & A. ^Vs-^i/a. B. i-'U. fl<i- '3'/(. D- 3 fi- ; da ParadU, Grande 
Rne 51), with 9718 inhah., is sitnateil on the Blaite, a ttilraury of 
the Eure, at the base of a. hill on which rise the ruined castle and 
the CliapeUe Itoyale. 

, in the It 
ting of tl 

t high ai 

Ifiaa ibeB^anCiljroiica'under'i 


la tbei 

idais I 

» aDDuallyllies 
^ It gars name I 

le detealed Lbg Proteatuli 


Prince of Coad^. Id iSVO, and agaia in l603, Heni! IV Hcaieged tl 

and OD the secoad oscsslon be destiojed the cailla. Tbe Bcrmani made 

IhcmselvH mulers of the Icnn in Kov., JSTO, after a sbnrt resistance. 

Quitting the station suil crossing the river, we soon reach the 
FUiix fiSliceau, iianiod in honour of two famous architects of Ifjeux, 
who nonrisbed in the Kith and 17(h centuries. Opposite us aro 
the diurch of .St. Pierre and the llltlel de Ville. 

The Church of St. Pierre, a. Gothic ediflco of the 13-l&th cant., 
also shows traces of the handiwork of Che Mfte'zeaus. Only one of 
its two towers has been finished (in the 16th cent.); and Ihe eitertoc' 
generally has been mnrh injured by the ilight of time. The Lady 
Uhapel and tbe chapels of the aisles contain some good old stained 
glass, restored in modern times. The former has also a flno organ- 
case, designed in 1614 by Clfment MftiTzcau, the constructor of th9 
breakwater at La iiochelle. 

The JI6ltl dt ViUe, which resembles a large square donjon, 
was bnilt between 15012 andldST and Illustrates the transition fioitk 
the modixval to the Renaissance style. Tbe facade on tba side 
farthest from the Place is flanked by two turrets with crow-stepped 
ingles, and Is embellished with blind Brcades and elaborate Mrvins 
round the door and windows. The staircase and the vaulting la the 
interior should be noticed. A clock of the 16th cent., a few worlifl 
Of art, and the small library are also shown to visitors. 

The route to the Chapelle Royals crosses the sqaaro In front of 
tbemtBl deVIIIe (to tbo left, theHospilni acip((,oCthQ ITihcenLl 
and follows (lie Grande Rue nnd tteUtto 4eB Tmnetirs (leadin g t» 
the left to (ho luoilern Puiuil df Jaalice^. ■*'eTvfti.\.WKVv«i«MMJ|^™ 

^ lo QrannilU. DREITX. Sfi. Rouii. 19^ 

follow a lane beliind the Palais ie Jufllce, and finally pose through 
n amsll gateway to the l«ft. The tcmaiiis of Ihs CaiUe, part of whicb ' 
ia Boen as we ascend, are Insigniflcant. The Chnpelle occupies part 
of tho enter vard, whicb has been couieited IdCd a flee pnblic proo^ I 
enade (open daily till 6 p.m. in Eummer, 4 p.m, in winter). 

It ia advisable lo examine ILe exterior of Ihe ctaapd before applyinE | 
at Ibe gals foe admlssloa (fee). Tlie visitor shouia ool huiiy over Ul ' 
iDfpection of lbs Inlarior, espei:la]Iy as be qalle the bulldios by a side- 
flour in the crjjl, wllhoul retucning 10 Ihe nave. — Mass on Son, a* '" - — 

The "CuiFBi-LB BoTALa, or ChapeUe St. Louis, is a handsome and ' 
highly interesting erection, in spite of the medley of irchiCectnrsl 
styles wlilch it presents. It wea begun in 1310 hy the Dowager 
Duchess of Oilcans, mother of Lonia Philippe, and enlarged and 
completed by her son as a burial-place for the Orle'ans family. lu 
1876 the remains of tho eiiled. Louis Philippe and his qiiaen woia 
Crsngfeired hither from their temporary tomljs at Wey^ridge in Eng- 
land. The priDcipal part of tlie chapel, and the fitst built, is the 
rotunda, 80 ft. high, crowned by a dome 43 ft. In diameter. The 
nave, tlie apse, and the transepts, whirh were afterwards added so 
aa to form a Greeli cross, are all very short. The strange appearance of 
tho pile is hoigblened by four balustrades which run round the out- 
side of the dome, one above the other. On either side of the maiu 
entrance is an octagonal turret, in open stone-worh; and the porUd ' 
itself la lavishly ornamented with sculptures, representing the Angel 
or the Resurrection, the£teriial Father, Ecce Homo, St. l.ouisbeneath 
the oak-tree at Vincennes, the Apostles (on the door), etc. 

Tbe iKTERion la e<ea more gargcoDi tbDD Ibe eitciiur, and producei 
tlie efToct of belug uvct-ioaded. The Snt obJen> lo attract altenKon In tbe 
part of the eliurch nied fur service are tbe magnincent •Slalatd WindiMi. 
In Ibe Ifan, to Ibe ti|!li(, Cbrlit In Qetbiemaoe and SI, Arnold waaUng 
the feel of pilgrimi; to tbe left, CruciOxlon and St. Adelairle giving Dims, 
aQer Larir&n; la the Tramipli, TiraWe lalati, after laara: \a the cu- 
pola, Dcjcsnt of tbe Holy Oboit, after Lartwitri. Uany of tbe sculptureJ, 
vrblsb are Dnfarlunalelv dlflieult to lee, »e nee; Ihay iaclnAe iditnei, 
boi-reliefs, and ilalta. — Tbe funeral monumonM bib airaneed in Ibe Apn, 
to wblch steps dosecnd beUnd Ilie alUr. At tbe sides are marble etaluBS, 
bT Pradta-. above the tombs of Ibe young Due ic Penlbi^Tre and of a 
yonoe Frinces'e de Honlpensler. At the foot of the steps is Ihe manumeat 
of LbuU fhitippa (i. laaO) and bli cdmoti, Marlt Amdilc (d. ISeS}, wiUi s 
-if tbe dBceaied by Herdey. To tbe right Is tbe tomb of the Pi-iiteui 

Marit, Dudhe» of Wiirlambete (d. 1339), with ber efUgy, by L< 
heantifalslalaeof the Angcl of Beilgnatlon, sciilptnied bybergcji^ lucu uia 
"liani td. 1312), with a statue hj ioOo", after Ary 

cnlptnred by hi 

rOrUani (Ketei 
u. To Ibe left o 

BcMfflr, and of tbe Sw^hai o/Orliam (Helena of H 

d. me), wilb a status by Ciapu. To Ibe left of the sllic real Jivie. Aditaidi 
(d. iSlI}, siiler of Louis Philippe, witli a eUIue by atillil (1877), llie Doirafi- 
mirha$ ef Orliani (d. 1851), foundress of the cb.pel, will a alatne by Bai^, 
Ot YeiMgei; and tha/yOiwi a/ SuUmB (d. ISSII, molhEr-in-law of ibe Duo 
d"Auin»le, with a alatue by A. Ltnair. Tbcra are other lambs in the crvpt 
of the ambulalory, lome unoceujiied and some williuiit monntaeiiVB. Km-iat 
tbe italaea bare Ibe most noloworlby ate Ihosa ol WO •jonQitaiii '^tiiw.ts 
dB Manlpeailer, bjjfillil; aad tic charming eioun bV FroncM'^bi, Ti«"^'i^'^ 
B'lSS"^ f "" ''^'l"" of Ibe Comte de Parle. t\.E lmeh«« « *™r^ 
^»— Bocft aide steps lead down lo tUe LTvpI VIOP"- '^^'' ^""^^^B 

184 noulcSS. VKRNKUIL. 

nineflnl •Slaiud Winia:r,, rcpreienllng icencl in 
wete duiiDiid h^ lUmget, Jaequani. E. Dtlaa-aii 
Boatoa, ud H. Fla«diiK. Hgal of Ills Ave olhfi 

All tfie aUdnod bUhs usad in the chipel wu mtdi ... , 

l^D oUiBr lombi und funeral urns. 

After the circuit of the promenades Use boon made and the 
views enjoyed, tViece is little more to he seen at Dreax. In the aqaare 
at tlie end of tlie Kue Ae Kottou, to the N. of .'^t. Pierre, is a bronze 
alatna, by 1. J. AllasEotir, of Ralrou, the dramatic pent (1609-60), 
who w»8 bom at Dieus. 

A brtnoli-nillwoj runs from DreuK throagt tHe Tjillcy ot Hie Enre to 
(IT m:.) Hainlviaa. pafiiag (B>/i ».) Nvncnl-lt-Riil, nutr wUcli Is OoHtomhi, 
Willi Ihe raina of n Komanctqae nbbey. 

From Drem to OiarVa (Orlianj) Had lu fiu«« and Riiuia, lee p. 09. 

Ucyond (SG'/s M.) 5(-(7<i-main-5f-ii«in!( the railway croaaes the 
Art;?, a (ributary oftheEuro, and IraTerses a pastoral district, dotlod 
with manufactories. 60 M, A'ononcoKrl, on the Arve ; 6? M. Timrts, 
ulso an the Arve, in a pictureaijne little valley to the right. 

73 M. VornouU (R61. da Cammerctt. a town with 4330 liiliab., 
was fortiHed in the 12th cent, by Henry I. of England. The battle of 
Verneuil, fonght in 1424 between the Engllab under the Dnke of 
Bedford and the French, resulted in the defeat of the latter. The 
chnrch of La Madelrine, a remarkable ediUce of thu ll-17th cent. . 
has a lofty and elegant Gothi? 'Tower of 1506-36, to the left of nhieb 
is a poor porch, still bearing the inscription 'Temple de la RaJson'* 

IKTHBIOK (rucenlly ruotored). Aioia llie Gotbicarchp* of llie nave ar. 
rousd aTcbea. Several u( tb< tIalaed-Elass wiarlowa and Taiioua waiki a 
art data from lbs IBlli and IGtb canL, while same u[ tlie mom modei-] 
works orenoteworlby. Obeir-EUllI of Iheiatheent.; inlcrestliiB Imnpnlpt* 

In the street to the left as we quit the chnrcb is a House o/'lik- 
I5lh cent, with a turret displaying a checqnered pattern in stone 
brick, and QinL The Eiie du Canon leads tbencs to the church ^ 
SI. Laterenee (partly IBth cent.) and the Tour Griie, an ancient keW 
65 ft, high (accessible to visitors). — The cbnrch of Hotn-Daaw 
(13-16th oent.) contains a number of iuteieatiiig scnlptiires, am. 
has alao Bomo good stained glass. ^ The Tour St. Jean, datln 
partly from tho 15tli cent., belonp to a secularized chnreh. 

The branch-line trom Evreux (p. IBS) la oooUnued bejund VhtibqII «- 
lUa.jLa Leapt, viiaOlliS.)laFtrH-TliiiKK-Lam'Jliiriiund(iSTt.iSt^i>naeJ 

70 H. BouTth. Tho train now enters the Foreil ofLaigU, ua* 
beyond the two branch-railways mentioned below crosses the BbC 

871/2 M. Lftigle (Bulfet; H5t. de VAiglt-d'Ori da DaufUa), an in- 
dustrial town with 5125 inhab., situated on the Risle, mattDfaotnrei 
needles, pins, buchles, etc. The Gothic church of St. Marlin, n«»> 
the railway, to the left, has a handsome tower [15th cent.), 

A brandh rans from Ijii|;le tu t25Vi M.) iforto^me (p. 199), ift tbe fer*! 
•Hi Jirci/ and (JO'A ".) rowroHfri, — To ConiTm (EytemJ, sea p. 167. 
The raiJway continues to a?r,enS. I\i6 ■ja.We'j of the RldA, 
crosses the rivt-r twice. — 9T M. Stt. QnubuTge. 

Rld^ ifiA 

to OranvtOe, ARGENTAN. 26, Route, 1 85 

A broneh-riilway rum hence to (21V2 M.) Mortayne (p. 199), vi& (11 M.) 
Mifftttf-kt'Trappt^ 2V« M. to the N.G. of which is the monastery of La 
Timfpe or La Orande Trappe^ in a wild situation near a pond Ctrappe'j, 
bat otherwise .uninteresting. The monastery, founded in the 12th cent., was 
■Oft famoof under theAbbd de Rancd (d. 1700), who introduced the rule 
of itriet silence, hard work, and plain fare. Expelled at the Revolution, 
the monks returned in 1816; and in 1833 the new monastery and church were 
eonseerated. The Romanesque chapel was a«Ided in 1S92. 

Branches from Bte. Oauburgc to BBrnqy and to Le Mesnil-Maugtr. see 
p. 106. 

104 M. Le Merleraull^ a pleasantly situated little town. Be- 
fore reaching the station of (107 M.) Nonant-le-Pin the train 
passes, on the right, 8t. Germain-de-Claire feuilLe ^ the church of 
which (14-15th cent.) contains some tine, though mutilated, wood- 
earving, and several antique paintings upon pan(;I. — 113 M. Sur- 
ion (Buffet). Railway to Alen^on, etc., see K. 20. 

From (II672 ^') Almenlches a diligence plies to the village of 
MortrSe, 31/2 ^* to the S., in the neighbourhood of which are the 
Ckdieau d'O, a magnificent cdiilce of the lienaissance, and the CUd- 
Uau de Clerai, of a somewhat later, period. The railway now crosses 
the Ome, and Argentan comes into view to the right. 

122 M. Argentan (Buffet; Hotel des Trois-MaricSj Hue de la 
Ckauss^e; de I' Quest, at the station) is a town with 0300 inhab., 
situated on the Orne, Tlio *Church of St. Germain, readied by iho 
Rue de la Chaussee, dates from the late-Gothic and Uenaissance 
periods. The W. tower is crowned by a Renaissance dome, and the 
tower over the crossing forms a fine internal lantern. The nave con- 
tains two galleries, with balustrades, and the transepts terminate in 
apses. The ambulatory is in the Renaissance stylo. The vaulting, 
the choir-screen, the altars in the choir and S. transept, and the 
organ should be noticed. 

Near the church, to the 8., stands the IlOtel de Ville, behind 
which extends a large square. Near the Hotel de Ville, to the right, 
i« a rained donjon, and close by, to the left, is the old Chateau ( 15th 
^ent.), now used as the Palais de Justictj or court-house. In front 
of the last is a small square, embellished with a monument in honour 
of Mherai (1610-83), the historian, Ch. Eudes d'Houay (1611-99), 
the surgeon, and Jean Eudes (1601-80), founder of the Eudistes. 
To the right of the palais is the old Gothic church of St. Nicolas; 
te the left is the promenade known as the Courn, 

The Rue du GrilTon, diverging from tlio Rue de la ('haussi'e 
BMr St. Germain, leads to the otlier side of tlio town, where are 
situated the large round Tour Marguerite, with a peaked roof, a relic 
of the fortifications, and the Gotliic church of St. Martin, in whicli, 
^wever, the gallery and the balustrade beneath the windows are in 
tbe Renaissafice style. 

Arsentan is also a station on the railway from Caen (Kalaisc) tu Alew- 
fot tad Z« Mom (see R. 20;. — Diligcncft to (15 M.") Carrouge* V»« ^'^^'^^• 

The railway quits the valley of i\u\ Ornci, vv^viT cACi?.f\\\?s nX^'*^ 
rfrer, 128 M. Eenurhf^, beyond which i\\o. un»uolouo\xs ^Va\\\ ikvv\\»» 


186 flouli 25. FLEBS. FromPe^^^ 

into a ploacsnt and undulatini; itountry, witli meadows aiiil woods. 
Attractive and a^iteneive view lo the left. — 140 M. Briotue (PotU), 
a littlB town carrying on a trade in cattle and granite. 

Fro- BaiooaK lo Cchtehsi, IS'/i »„ raUwiy In I'/i-a hw. {(b« 
3 fr. 35, 3 fr. 2a, 1 fr. GO c). — t H. i.irn(a|l, with »n abbey-church or (hi 
Itlh ADd leih cept-i Si/i H. £a Ftrti-Moci CCIievat Holr), a lillaoe wilh 
777fi inhat., rarrjing on Ihe manatactare of ticking. — 137; M. BaSBslu- 
de'l'Otne (Oatti del Baim: dc AiHi,- di Bag'iita), a baialet liluatad in a 
lieep rocky goreB on the r^, a Irlbulary of tbe Hoyenne. It poiaeaaea ont 

efl'ect and used huth intaroally and eitErnaiiy. A casino, a park, a lake, 
add pretty walks are among Ibe atlractlons. — IS'/t M. Cmltmi. lee p. 199. 

148 M.jtfessfi is alEO served by tie railway to Domfront (p. 193). 

IBl M. ?lera (Buffel; HSut dt f Europe; de I'Ouestidu Ont- 
Oilne, at the station), a modem cation- manufacturing (own with 
13,400 inhalj., agreeably sitaated on a hill to tbe right. It has a 
Bne Norman chnrch. Inthe neighbonthoodlsaCfiflieuu, partof whieh 
dates from the 16th century. 

154 M. Caligtii ' Ceriiy is also a Etation on the line to Cam 
fp. 192). — 1571/b M. Monlatcrit-Vassy. 

A liancb-ranway rana bence lo Baurdevai vli & U.) Tinobabiai 

tbehnlDe QfTtnchehray in 1106 Henry I. otEnEland defeated and captured 

164 M. Vitasoli. Fine view to the right as we approacb Vire. 

168 M. Viro (Hoi. 8t. Picm, Rne dti Calvados; Clitval Blmw. 
Kne aiix Fevres), an old town with 6600inhab., picturesquely sitO' 
ated on a hill washed by the river of the ESine name, is an important 
woollen-manufacturing centre and carries on trade in the granils 
quarried In the neighbourhood. Much of (bn blue cloth used for mili- 
tary uniforms in France is made here. 

The long Rne du Calvados ascends to the right from Ibe Mation 
to Iha town. At the top (i/j H.) , in the Roe aui Fpvres (to the 
tight). Is the square H'our de VHortoye, wjtb a Gothic gateway Of 
the 13th cent., flanled by two round crenelalud towers. 

To the left, near the end of the Rue de la Saulnerie. rises the 
Chtfch of Nt)lTt-Ihxtne,a large Cothic structure of the 12-J5thMnt,, 
with double aisles and a central tower. Like most of the other build- 
ings of Viro, It is built of granite. In the Interior, to the left of Iha 
choir, is a tasteful Gothic door. Tha high-altar, i(i gilt brome, U 
embellished with statues; the altar in the N. transept is also oma- 
menled with statues and bas-relief^, and that in the ^.transept with 
a Picti ; and the large chapel, lo the right or tbe sanctuary, mnCiliiB 
a painted and gilded altat-piece w\\.\i trwvsVei sAoaawt. T!M» cVafAl 
j/so eoatains the font, eiiurcloi "bi a l.aa\alM\>i*asw»Aft, mA'w 
JaleiBsUng paintings. The polyc^iiomo -Bsiniitv^-iTv ■Jo^.^tig' - 
Lftfo carved wooden pillats \jo1ow Oic oifeMi »"» mva^oi*** 


^HWMnine Placa Nationale is embellishod with 4 1)D9(, by Ln- ^^H 
■||@<vei-I>ii")c1ier , of ChlnrdolMf the poet [1769-1833), vho wrb ^H 
' lotn atVirei nni with a Monumml to !res, ooiieiating of a oolumn ^^| 

wjth a statue of Che Kepablic [erfcted In li 

The ruina of the Chaicau, Seen from the Place, ire scanty, but 
they occupy a picCoresquo eituatioo on the biow of a rocky penin- 
sula, dominating the nharming valley of the Vlre. A promenade loads 
to the chateau, whicli commands aflneview of the lower town. 

In tbis valley in the IBtb ceDt. dwell Olivier Bauolia, Iba Caller, la 

<lii Vice', eavs oriiin to llu maAtn term 'Vaudeville'.' Tlie res] anlbin- 
iras Jean le Houi, vbo llunrisbiid al tb<i clone of tbs IBlh century. 

This part of the town, called the Valh^rel, possesses the baud- 
same modein Norman Ckurch of Si. Anne, witli a central tower, the 
choir ia adorned with paintings anil statues, and there are twenty- 
dTB statues in the arcades beneath the windows of the apse. 

The Grande Roe, leading from the front of the church to the 
uppBc town, passes through the Place de 1' Hotel -de- Ville, in which 
rises a hronze statue, by Dehay, of CaiUi (1758-1832J, another 
iiutivci pott of Vire. The crenelated Totter behind is dlsUgured by 
modern additions. ^ The H8td de Villc contains a Library and a 
small AfuaiTe I^Sun, & Thurs., 2-4; to etrangors oil other days also) 
of paintings, coins, porueUiu, cacving;H, antiquities, cutioaiiies, eta. 
— In the Public Garden, behind the Hotel de Ville, is a macbla 
statue of Marshal de Mallgnoa {ib15-9T\, attributed to Cottstou. 

A bnoeb-isUwoy mas from Vim to CS'k ».) Honain [Avrsncliea] rfl 
llie YDller of Ilia Vire anA 5wrd<tnl Cp. l^J. Hertain (PgiU) is a pictui- 
esiinely aitnated littls loivn, on a rooky emlnsnce rtiiDg from tbe CoAtt. Tba 
ChuTTh ia m Jnleresllsg eiampls of the Transllion atyle. The locky lolley 
of Ibe Omce la atlncUyo, c^pulally ibovs Hortain, st tbe Pttil Stminalri, 
the Kneient Aitayt Blmc»e (i2-13th cent,]. A good view is obislned frDia 
tiie Chapith St. Michtl, en a nclgbbDuring lilll. From Mortain to Dem- 
frml, aee p. ISja. — Tbo line praccedi tu tbe W. vtl {36 H,) Bl. Silairi- 
tJu-BareiHUt Cbraneti lo Poii^ercg, p. 207), and jo1d> Ibe lice 10 Avranobei 
At (Ql a.) rontmiiauU (p. 180). 

Beyond Vire the railway to Granyilla crosses the Vire. Fine tiew 
to the right. 174 M. 51, Sever, to the left, with an abbey-church, 
port of whicli datos from the 13th century. — ISl M. Vitledlen-lea- 
PoHts, a small town on the Simne, to the right, contains nam erons 
boiter-works. The church dates from the 15-16th centuries. 

The railway now follows a lofty curved embankment, and crosses 
Ibe pretty valley of the ^Irou. On the left, the railway to Avran- 
ches. — 195M. Folligny (Bufcl; HoUls, near the station). 

EMl«»y trDia FoUiisi.y to Cur/[o«r«, Plmlfri^n ( St, Hiubel), etc., 
tec p. iS>. 

Beyoiid^aOO M.) Si. Ptanchers we descend the valley of the Boig. 

206 M. GranvlllB. — Boteli. Oiusd aiTai.QD^Qiiti'insKtwm 
CoviioHi.Bf. In ibe lawcr town, neac the batbovn, leM-, Gatsu "a^" 


tbe beach, £ 

ciiWa in tbe Bub V-ed 


1x30 coBtnn 

lowallOc. ^Cuino. Aim. 1 Vr.; inW for a wVeli S, rarVnlglil li^ i> 
SO It.; famijj-lickelj leas iD propartiiin. 

Bcilnh Vigs-CuBiul, Onural MacLeod. 

GraniiUle, a small focttfled seaport, i^ith 1*2,000 iiiliab., at the 
mouth of tbe fiosq, is said to have l)e«n onginall^ foimclad in 
tho IStli cBntnry. Tho EngUah fotHllBa it in 1640 but Ion it 
the follonlng year. They burned it in 169ri and bombarded it 
in 180S. It wrisinCs of two distinct parts, vh. the lower tova, 
the larger haU, between the atatioa aoil the harbour, and the opp«i 
town, perched on a steep rock extending into tlie sea and cucronnd- 
eil with the old. forttflcatians. The street beginning at the station 
leads to the Oours JonTille, whence tlie Kne Lecampion descends, 
to the left, to the Harbaur, whicb 19 frequented by numerous flsV 
ing-bonts and a few coasting- vessels. A street diverging from th« 
Cours Jonville a litlli: farther on leads to the beach (^see boion). 

The upper town, reached directly from the liarbour, is small but 
commands a line view from its unique position. The Gothic (AmtcIi 
of Sotre-Dame (lli-lGth cent.) contains some goad modem stunad 
glass. A path to the N.E., outride the fortidiMtinns, leads down to 
the Btaeh, on the opposite side of the town from the harhom. Tlie 
path passes at the end tlirongh the ^Traachfeauj: Anglaii', a narto* 
passage between two rocks , beyond vhich is the firm sandy bauK. 
Tlie Batliiny E»labliiltmtnl and the small Caiino are situattid here. 
The women ofGranvllle wear a pli:luresqiie headdress of while linen. 

~ - ■ "(. i'flfr (umn. al 1ho8tiHloiliia«J 

irama 8 fr. S), 3 fi 

anllwa;, 21 H., 

L ]-|i/ib 

; ? U. Boaillm: 8 H. £1. Ilidul^ilei-Linipt! iO X. Chami 

From Oiunville to Most St. Kigiiei,. Oallway la (35 V.) P 
u efr.a5, t Tr, 20, '< fr. 15 c.); thence to Hont St. Miebel, «e 
uuat 4 bM. In all (colurn-fares, ind. omnibm, B fr. 76, 7 fr. 36 c, 6 Ik-J. 

- Ballway to &'/i H.) FMigng, see p. 187, Uicdcb to UaU 81. Xidtrt, WM 

- '~ aar. - in U.6 aoison on omnibua plies Unci from arinTlUe to 

FnoH Qiu9ci[.r.ii to i 
a Hon., "Wea., ua f 


iro available foe a m 
via Carlctel (n. 161) or vii : 

jauieis leyosglDg to France 
c^l Ibe ffnauk III^ which . 
BtMrnhOita ply from Oranville 

let, "13 a. SUim^ri pi; from tbs Orud Bai- 
(relnrnini. Tnci.. Tliura.. Frid.) In lUaMr, 
'I, hn. (tiiita U fc, 

26. From Caen to le Hans vi4 Alen^on. Falaise. J 

lOiM. B«ii.wii in i-aifc hra. (fotM IBfr.HI), I2rr.75,Srr.r- 
J/«(oa , 69 «., in a-A-S"/! Ira, (ftrfs 12 fr. 56, fl fi ■" ' ' ' 

«., in a-A-S"/! 1 
J »., in I'/s-i hr 

s. (fwea fi tr. BO, a ft. BB, 2 tr. 65 c). 
Oien, Eee p. 166. Our train follows llie Paris railway lo [ISM.) 
Mitidon {p. 158), than turns to the R. and ascends the valley of 
Itie Dices. — Ifl'/j M. Si. Pierre-avr-DiEca , a Bmill town to tba 
left, possesses » Gothic alihey-chutch with ttree ilne towers, one ot 
which is a relic of an earlier Norman building. 23 M- VtndeuvTt- 
JoTl. 11 M. Coullbocuf is tha Juoctton of a line to (4 M.) Falaite 
(see below), where it joins a line to (18'/^ M.) Berjoti [seo p, 1031. 
(lontinnalion of the railway (o Lc Mnns, see p. 190, 

Folalie [HSUl de Ncrmandh, Rue Amiral-Courbet, lo Ihe left' 
of Ihfl muin street; Grand fer/", farther on, beyoiirt the marliot- 
place), a town with 8163inhab., is picturesquely ailaated on a rocky 
height, on the right bank of the Ante, a small affluent of the Dives. 

William the Conqueror was born here in 102T. B[s moOiei- vas lUir 
dftOEliler qt a jiipplf, tanner of PbI.iLse, wbii won Iha hoatt of Eoberl lit 
Mimniaoenl, alao cillei Robert He Deiil, niilh Dnka of Noraiandj. Wll- 

it w»i odcupied by Iho Leagued and retaken by Henri IV. 

Tbe town lies to the right aa we appronoh from CouiibiBof; to 
iha left ia the suburb of Gnibiay [p. 190J. Tha Rub d'Argentaii 
dMcends direatly to tha Place .St. Gervais and the river. ThatViureft 
of St, Otruait is a Norman and Gothic odifica, the most noteworthy 
(Uturs of wbl«h is the flna Norman tower above the transept. In 
the iatarlor we notice the bosses of the choir and chapels, the 
balustrade under the windows of the choir, and tba beautiful niches 
in the ambnltilflty. The diwch aftht Trinity, raachod by Ihe street 
of that name on tha other side of tbe Place St. Gervais, is a hand- 
some Gothic Eiracture, with a Itenalssanco W. front, consisting of 
|wi ancient trinngular porch converted into a chapel. The choir 
wesses a flue arcaded balustrada like that at i^t. Gervnis. — A 
r paces farther on is an 'EluesMan Statue of Wiiilam I/ie Con- 
r, in bron/e, by liochet, ereclod in 1861. lloond the base are 
s dukcB of Normandy. Adjacent stands 
\6HStei'de Ville, to tba right of whirh pussies tbe street leading to tbe 
blitle< We should, however, Urst turn to the left to obtain a view 
if (he Biterior. 

Tbe Ctutie of Falaise, a picturc^ijue Norman ruin dating hpick 

to the 10th cent., is flnoly situated on a tugged ftomowVix') ^u»la«, 

out orar the rai/ej', opposite another tocVy lieifetlnitviti'iXiaHi™*- 

Mirti. J^anng the middle ages it VM a forttCBS ot™'*' 

importance. Tbe reaming include tbe ouler Encelutt, swe^^'*^*^*?' 

MIA round lowors of (h« i2th cent. an4 no* enc\DB\Ti% VV« '°'^^'-'^- 


190 Beult SO. SfiKS. From Cien 

Ings of » coiiegc; tUe Donjon or ff«p, a. mifiBivo Norman ilmcture 
of the 11th or 12lh cent., measuring 6S ft. in height and the s&nie 
in bre&dth; ind Talbot'i Tomer, a. ronnd tovret 130 H. high, added 
by the English in the 15ch century, The Interior of the donjon, which 
is shown hy the concleige, contalnE little of interest. A small 
chamber Is painted oat by tradition as the birthptaue of Wiliiim the 
Conqneror. The dungeon in which King John I.acklsnd ia said lo 
hava conBned his nephew Arthur of Brittany is «lso shown. The lop 
(to which, however, visitors are now denied aocesB) commandi t ftne 
view, and it was hence, or frooi one of the windows, that Robert the 
DevH is said to hare Qrst seen Arlette, the tanner's daughter (see 
p. 189), washing linen in the small strcain at the foot of the castle 
rock. Talbot's Towei contains two vaulted chambers. The breach 
through which Benri. IV entered the castle is Eet>n at the end of 
the disengaged part of the enceinte nest the promenade. This 
part was formerly defended by a moat. 

Returning to the Place St. Gervais, we now descend the main 
street to the Bridge, which affords a picturesque view of the lower 
town and the castle. 

At tha mbnrb olOuiiroii, bByoad the riulwoy, a muoh-frequentea borac- 
faii hu beeo held limie Ibe lllh cent., iBilinu tram Aug. 10th ta Aue. SOtb. 
The Ohureh li mninly n Norman alrnolofa o( the 11th eenlufy. AbOTO ths 

CoNTiNUiTioM OF Railw^i TO La Mifts, The first station beyond 
Coulibienf is ^29 M.) FTeme-la-Mln. Beyond [3o M.) Montahart 
the line to GranvUle (R. 36) divetges to the right. From ^42 M.1 
Argentait Cp. 185) to (51 M.) 5unlon (p. 185) oar line coincides 
with that from Uranviite lo Paris, from which it diverges to the 
right at the latter. To the left are seen the lowers of a^es. 

56 M. Biet (Chevat Blanc), a town with 4275 inhab. and the 
seat of a bishop, is of ancient origin but has been repeatedly de- 
vastated and rebuilt. 

The main street leads in a straight line from the station to the 
Place de la Cath^drale, which it embellished with a bronze Statue 
of Contl (1766-1806), a local celebrity, by Jutes Droz. 

The Cathedral Is a handsome Gothic edifice of the 13-Uth cent- 
nricB. The W. front is preceded by a porch with a line Iron grilta 
nnd is nanked by towers (230 ft. high), the atone spires of which 
have been restored. The lofty atches and beautiful triforium of the 
nave are supported by roand columns, Ths transepts are lighted 
by good rose-windows, and the N, arm contains a fine tympannm 
and a modem monument. The choir is remarkable for the extreme 
lightness of its construction. An old well, surcoondcd by a stone 
coping, has been discovered to the tight of It. The high-altar, 
rvitb its two faces, ii adorned with bas-reliefs in bronie and marbls. 
Tie ■djacent panelling is embettisVel w\tti foai flue bas-reUftC 
scenes from the life of the Virgin. ~"~ 

A1.EN(;0N. 26. Route. 191 

Beyond Sfies ths scenery improvea. 61 ','2 M, Vingt-Hanaps, a 
prettily situ ale d village, 

68 M. AlBinon (Grand Cerf, de France, Rue St. Blaise Nos. 13 . 
and I; de la Qare. — CaKa in the Bne SI. Blaise], the chief town I 
of the deportment of the Ome, with 17,840 inhab., ia situated at I 
the conflnencs of the Sartht sod the Briante, It carries on eKtensivo I 
mannfactures of woollen and linen cloth, and the famona 'Point 1 
d'Alen^on' lace ia »fill highly valned. Aleni^n waa repeatedl)' talcen 
and cetakcn in the ware witb England and in tbe time of the League, 
and it waa occupied by the Garma-ns in 1871 after a slight raKistanca. 
The duchy of Aleni;an, crested in the 14th cent., was an apanage of 
the liouae of Valois. 

The Rue de ia Gare, the Bue St. Blaise (containing the PtSfec- 
ture; 17th cent.], and the Grande Rue lead from the railway -a (ation 
to the centre of tUe town. The choroh o( Notre-Damc, in the 
Grande Rue, ia a building of Flamboyant Gothic, with a handaome 
triple porch flanked by graceful turrets. The gable of the central 
bay of the poteh contains a group representing the Transflguration. 
The exterior is adorned with balustradea. The most noteworthy 
features of the interior are the line -vaulting, the stained-glass 
windoWE (16-ll)lh cant.), the Renaissance orgari-loft, the eanopied 
altar, and the pulpit. 

The Rue BUI Sieurs, farther on, to the right, leads to the Grain 
Market, a huge circular building, and then passes a large modern 
hoQse, with a handsome Renaissance fn'.ade, and reaches the Plaea 
d'Aiuiee. Here aland the remains of the old Caaite, now a prison, 
consisting mainly of the gateway, flanked with two towers, and of a 
third tower of the 14th century. 

Adjacent la the B6tel de Ville, a building of the close of the 
t8lh cent., containing a araall .Wui^c (open on Sun. and holidays, 
1-4, and to strangers at other times also). 

Bpsiflta objerta of natnral history (Inoloding nnmetouB 'W.ininta d-ilen- 
fon', i.t, Bmokj qnarti-ctjalBli found, in tba ndghbonring granito-qoarriBa) 

paiantm.TUtlliriMj; nu 

meraui puHraita. — Bu-lk Godhd. To ttaright . 

60. OMcmll. 8liii.wn.,:ke. 

i; m, Oudri, 8lill-lite. To the left: 109, Oiroia, 

Horse agbtingi i03. mif 

Charlotte Cordsyi 168. Co 

W«, Dophoii and Obloe; MaiUarl, Dr. Dotelnii 

138. Kalian flc*™!, Holy 

Family; J, Znwo), Lovers' quarrel) 7B. Ltirct, 
- QBASnKH4i.[,E; 128, Vturaiial, Walofinghoraeai 
he Tlrgln; 1(9. J. P. Laurau. Duke of Inghien) 

VocaUoD of SI. Francis. - 

1, /«««(, KarriBBfl of 1 

ISe. iajnip, Ph. de CIieit 

.paiena painllnj Mtno, da la Vallitre ai a dud; 

„ , _._, „. i,ai-B*.to' 

ike of AqoiUlDO) 27, Sual, Duo de Berry ^ VI. OuwK,^t'ii*«i6T'= 
ironr^.VTBiplandfsuni 13. ^0FiienicMiio,Lol.Mi4M5 4o,i''ei.\«;j^ 
i/amn Jn Brlttmyi 109. Sitera, BeMVne oJ ttio CtoM", WJ- 


194 Route -iS. B\MBOUrLLET. Ff om Pori» 

ThB Charch o( fiaXrc-hamt (12th cent.) wss In jireat part skU- 
fuUy TBlmilt in tha orisinal style in lbB8-72, In froDt is a stitiie 
uf Jaan afAtt{iWa). The failfe, reiiGbeil by tlie BtreetB U (he lefl 
beyond the bridge, iE nnw a prison, but part of its onclosnie has 
been conTerted into a public promen&de. 

Behind the BtiA dt VilU, at the upper end of the main itreei 
beginning aX the bridge, il a bionze statue of Cardinnl Jean dt Cht- 
i^erua [1768-1636), Bishop ofHostonCU.S. A.|sndHonlanban and 
Acehblshop of Bordeaux, who was a native of Hayenne. The ststos 
itself and the bronze reliefs on tht pedestal are by David d' Angers, 

BrancU-rallwBTi nm from H^tjenne Vi (!9 H.) Prt-,«-Pait (AluBCODt 
[<. ]99)anl to <9l>H.) £a<S«iII>-e»-£U'fr^ (F^aefirU) p. 3UD. The ladcr pu»<i 
aSV< K-) Ernfi, an ini1n»eri>l lawn nf 5iD0 inhsli., with a Sne cbtlsau iif 
the leib century. — JuMaffi fp. iOi) lies ahoot 7 X. to the S.Ii. of MayaiiDF. 

Farther oti we cross a >iadnct 7H ft. high. — 821/3 M. Commef, 
86'/3M. Martigni-Facliaad. Al{91M.) La ChapelU-Anthenaafve: 
join the line from Psris vii Le Mana (B. 'iS). 941/^ M. Ltmvtmf. 

97 M. La^at, see p. 204. 

26. From Paris to Rennes. 

239 11. IUn,wtr tOianin ii Far it I'Oaai), from the Oan Hum- 
pamaiaeCiuPl. 0,f6| p. 1) ortlLeOice ai.Latate (FLO, 18), in T~lll^hr). 
ir«M 42 ft., aa tV. Sa, is ft. as o.J. — From ParfJ to U Itani, 131 M., Rail, 
way In 9i/i-6"/( hrs. (fares 23 fr. 75, i8 ft. 6, 10 fr. flO c). 

tram the Qsre MoatpiTnasie w the Gate Bt. Lsiate {sob aboTo). Comp. 
the Mail, p. ID). 

From Paris to (14 M.) St. Cyr, see p, 181. Farther on , the Line 
to Cherbourg diverges to tlie right, and we pass, on the same side, 
the fort of St. Cyr. — IT'/i M. JVaffts, About 9 M. to the S.8.E. 
lie the remains of the ancient A6 frays rfe Fort'Royal, a favonrlte 
retreat, from 1625 to 1656, of men of learning and religion, aronnd 
whom clustered soma of the most illustrious younger men of the 
day, sueb as Pascal and Racine. The attachment of the society to 
Jansenism led to its dispersion and to the destruction of the con* 
vent. — M'/jM. La VerrJire; 24 M. Lcs Eijnrtj-fe-Bof ; 25 M. U 
I'erray, We trasorse a small wood. 

aO M. Samhonillet (Lion iTOr, Croix Bianche, Eue NaUonal^, 
near the chateau), a town with 6090 inhsb., known for its old 
rh^teau, where Francis 1. dii?d In 1547. The chitesn afteiwaids 
helonged to Charles d'Angennes, husband of the celebrated Marquise 
ds RambDuUlet (d- 1666), and was acquired for the crown by 
Louis XVI. Charles X. signed his abdication here in 1830. 

Tbe street to the left as vre quit the station leads to (b min.*) 
(lie Place de h Foire , whence we mwi enVet ttia Small Park f' 
p. 196). 

Park Cve 

lofiMMM. MAINTENON. 28, RouU. 195 

The CStdUau or Palais National, reached by the Rue Nationale 
and Hie avenues in the park heyond the ornamental water, consists 
of a number of incongruous buildings, surrounding an old crenelated 
tower. Neither exterior nor interior is of any special interest. 

The great attraction of Bamhouillet is the ^Parha of the chateau, 
which surpass the gardens of Versailles in size, variety, and natural 
beauty, and contain many charming and secluded walks. In front 
of the chateau is a Parterre, adjoined by the Small Park, The sheet 
of water in the latter is diversifled by several islets (boat 50 c. per 
hr. for each pers.). To the right beyond this lake is the Pare An- 
glais, which we reach most directly by skirting the left margin of 
the lake and passing through a magnificent avenue of Louisiana 
cypresses, said to be unique in Europe. The English Park contains 
streams of water, a chalet, and a hermitage. To the right of this 
park, to the N.E. of the lake, is a Dairy constructed by Louis XVI., 
with a temple and an artificial grotto. Beyondy at the top'of the 
avenue, is a Farm, where Napoleon I. kept the first merino sheep 
brought from Spain to France. To the right, between the Pare 
Anglais and the N. part of the town, lies the Oreat Park,] which 
covers 3000 acres and contains numerous avenues of noble trees. — 
To the N. of the town extends the Forest of Rambouillet. 

At (38 M.) Epernon, a small and ancient town, to the right, an 
obelisk has been erected to its defenders in 1870. 

43 M. Kaintenon (St. Pierre ; de la Oare), a small town on the 
£ure, to the right of the railway, possesses a handsome chsiteau of 
the 16-17th cent., from which Fran^oise d'Aubign^, widow of the 
IM>et Scarron, took the title of Marquise de Maintenon on her mar- 
riage to Louis XIV. in 1684, at the age of forty-nine. To the right, 
beyond the station, are the ruins of the huge Aqueduct begun by 
Louis XIV. to conduct the waters of the Eure to his gardens at Ver- 
sailles. Upwards of 30,000 men, chiefly soldiers, were employed on 
this work from 1684 to 1688, but it was then discontinued owing to 
the great mortality among the labourers. Louis XV. used part of 
the materials to construct a chfiteau for Mme. de Pompadour, which, 
however, has disappeared. — Branch-lines hence to Dreux (see 
p. 182) and to Auneau (p. 267). 

Beyond Maintenon the train crosses the valley of the Voise by 
a lofty viaduct and ascends the valley of the Eure. 4872 ^' Jouy; 
61 M. La VHUtte-St^Prest, The train crosses the Euro, and tho 
spires of Ghartres now come into sight on the left. 

65 M. Ghartres. — HoteU. ^CUuauL Jtox * nnuit, S^tJ^^&A* ^lli'VlSi 
B. IMi, d^j. 8, D. 4, pena. 10-12, 'omn. Vaf^.J i>k Fhance, E. 3'-tl K 1, 
d^. 8i D. 8i/s fr.; Dec de Chartkrs; all in the Place des Epars (PI. b, c, a ; 
A, 4,$)t DB L'OuBST, near the station, dej. 2V2f D- 8 fr. 

Omm. In the Place des Epars ; Boul. Ohasles 20*, am\ Yv&«t,T V\i^ tkVc^hvos 
station. — Bif/M at the station. — /tettanrant-PalUierU^ Uug <iv'. C.\\vu\s«>4^ Va^ 
near ttia taiOiednJ. 

Omlut, Per drive y,, ji.-r/Jjr. P/^ fr. 

/'.-. '. 



Oiarirei, the Aulrteuin ot the Qaole md now tlie capital of tbo 
DipaHtmtnl d'Eure-ct-Loir, Is a town with 23,i80 tnhab., sitiul«il 
on the left bank of the Eure. 

foundid hs the OiiFuutB» (wheoce Chnlrem «U0 yean beCorB the Chilit- 
!an era, and It wu the oentre ot utiy Odllii worship aod Urn •«» si 
Ihe OollBie of Druids. Tba pnweiful Counta of Charlrel pl*j Ba impur 

province oi otavct, ana n is siiii ovo oi ina moBi imporiADt corn-invrKfiu 

uud reilgl'oiu wars. Heorl IT, of Havarre, was crowned Ilj'dc ofFnlui 
tisre in fS91. Ohartres was occupied by the Germans in 18T0, and fomud i 

' — '— -" ' ■- ■--' •-• '— ' "■- '— ■ of the Loire. L 

be OiiBau hniil)' 

'Silent Had graj at toresWeBBnerBd cliff 

'Left ioUnd b? lbs Oi:«h'9 alow lelrcal' — 

that yre owe He. Buuell Lottell'a 'Cathadral'. Tbe pilirim mait be letl 

to hliiiSElf to identify ilie 'pe^-green inn' at which tbe prndaat bard 'HiM 

ordered dinner'. 

Tl.a **CiTHBUBAi. or NoTBB-DASre(PI. B, 3), one of the gruiOMl 
Gothic ediflces in France, is dedicated to the Tltgin, and tradiUoD 
nvecs that it is huilt shove a grotto where the Dnilda celehcaled tht 
worship of a 'maiden who should bear a child'. The oldest part of 
llie haildlng is the crypt, a relic of an earlier church destroyed t>r 
lire in the 11th century. The lehuildlog of the cathedral was undM- 
(nhen about 1120, amid great popular enthusiasm, tbe deioU 
pcasauts foiling themselves to carts and draj^ging materials for llil 
towers ; but a great part of the church was again deelroyed by fln 
In 1194, and tbe cathedral in ite present form probably dates malnll 
from the flrst half of the 13th century. The principal tower vu 
.-ilmost wholly rebuilt in 1507-14. Its vast dimensions, the bott 
bloclis of stone employed in its construction, the simplioitf of in 
design, and the grandeur of ita conception cotnbiiie to invest iMi 
cathedral with an air of the most impresslre dignity. 

The luge *W. Fasade, which is somewhat severe in general 
uspect, is pierced by three doorways lavishly adorned with scnlp- 
Lures, representing scenes in the life of Jesut Christ, with statiiet 
and statuettes of Prophets, the Elders of the Apocalypse, and oAer 
Uiblical characters. Above the doors are three pointed windows 
surmounted by a handsome tose-window, above which again rant 
an arcade irith sixteen large statues. Over the arcade Hsbb a gaUd, 
containing a figure of the Virgin between two sngeh and bmlnt 
on lis apex s figure of the Satloui. The Uiwer part of tiils tiiftti 
•iatei from tbe 13th, the loae-wlndeti tiam At« V%&, m^^b^ui^ 
parts from (he 13-14th centoriei. '(Vftat.atQfti^ft'CaB *w*«»!\\'- 

sHJr Mil Jlyziititine in type wlfti ftaX liie*a, i\JO^^■ iltoiv. 

'Towers, rising to a height of 350 ft. and 376 ft. The older of the 
two, to the S., heantiful as it 19, i^ thrown into the shade by the 
rleLlf adoTned apfre added to the N. tower in 1507-14, wktnb U 
desoriljed by FergnsBon ^'History of Architecture') as the most 
bfalilifiilly designed gplre on tbe continent of Europe, surpaealn^ 
those at StfaBsburg, Vienna, and Antwerp in elegante of onlline 
md sppropriateness of design, 

The 'Side Portal!, which are nmeh more elaborately decorated 
than those in the W. front, date from the 13lh cent, and are preceded 
by porches of the 14th century. The scalptures on Ihu N. portnl 
represent scenes from the life of the Virgin, and those on the S. the 
Last Judgment. The noble style oS the large slataes, the wonderful 
eipcessiieness of the ^talnedes, the variety and life of the bas' 
reliefs, snd the finish of the mouldings combine to range these 
portals among the most splendid eiiamples of monumental sculp- 
lure. Theotherparts of the exterior of (he ehnrch are also conspicu- 
ous for the orfglnallly of their conoeptioo and the richness of 
their ornamentation. There are two otfaer towers flanking e&ch of the 
side-portals and one on each side of the beginning of the apse, but 
none of thom hive been carried aboTe the springing of the roof.— 
'i'he ChapelU SI. Pial (ICth cent), adjoining the eheiet to the right, 
is entered from within the cathedral by a staircase. To the left of 
the chevet is the BUhop't Pidacc (17th cent.). 

The -Intatier producoB a do lot Impoaine BfTeel tLui tlie eiterliir 
llirongb llie TESt and mijeatic humiDnv of its proporttona and the parity 
of it> delaila. It la 4i^ fl. iDng, luG ft. wide acroaa tHe nave, lEO fl. 
aeroBB the IraDiepti, and I'JO fl. high. The aspccb 'Blatned aiau datea 
cliiany fiom ttie ^Ih cant., perhspi lh« Cneat helag that in the three wheal 
Hisdowa nf the W. riant, each of wlilcb is 3S fl, in dinmelec. Above 
Ibe siehcB of the nave runa a low (riforium-eallery, lurmo tinted, bv u 
lofty clereslorf. The iride and lofty windnnB are either pluin single 
opcnlDgs, or are divided into two Hgbia by a mullioQ of nimguB] slen- 
demee*. Oa the lloor of Ilia nave is a curlaiiB m&^e of colouied lines. 
Bailed La Utai, the total Length of which is laid 

on it correiiiandinE to Iha boads of a rosary, 
liaa an alale and ia mnbelliebed with a ricli wl 
of alngle-lleht pointed windowi. 

The OAi^li- and Ajiu are sumiunded by a di 
latter is a4lo1ned by seven chapela. The 'X 
udorned with Biqulrile aeulplorea ('like point 
Jean Teslcr (arcUlact of (ha N. apire) abonl I 
Dieted till two cantDrlei later. At the beclnnl 
a Madonna (the 'Vlafge du PUIer'] of the 151b 


The lure <^»". below the oboir, contains tame iDOdiaore mural 
[lalDtfBfa, bnt la uf Ijltle Interest (0 the ordinary ItaieUBT. V. \t TWk^X»:& 
t.v t fllgbl ot BUpi tdjulniag Iho N. portal. It is onon \ii!oTii ^ ^.m.iVi'i' 
..iler ibMliaur ihoM who wish (0 see it apply at tlie»*.\wjii &.W C\w«, 


the Rw lies Chinees, to tte 8. ot VVc ^*^'?\^^ 
■orare in a fine J3th Cent. HoUM t?^.^, t^, s^^^^jM 



Placii t!fl 1» PoiBiioiiri'Tb, ronciliwl thencMi by tlio 
lAft, i« II Hotut Bf l^ 1 5(A Cmlvnj. From this point we may follow 
the Hoe Bt. Eman (PI. C, 3, 4) Bod the Rne du Bourg (PI. C, 4) tn 
Ihs Porte CuiJioutnc (PI. V), 4), kn inlsreBtliig rsllc of lh« mediievBt 
forlifloatloni of the town. Orosiing the most hero nii'l followlnj! the 
liDUlDvard to tba rigbt us f&r m the flr«t biidgi' (PI. D, 4). we tlj«n 
uecend tn Ilie church of St. J'lerrc (PI. 0, D, 5), a Hne eJlflce of the 
H-13tli centurlcB. Tile speidsl chapel oontsins twelve eplenilld U- 
Juacee "Enamelt, by Leonard Limosin (1547), eacli 2 ft. high niiil 
llin.wlde,broneht from the Chsleau fl'Anetfp. 6H) and repreient. 
iiig tho Apostles (bell (or the itne-todiaii on the left). 

The Rne Bt. Pierre leida hence to ths N., pnesine ne&r Ihs 
Church of 81. Aifinanm. C, 4), a hnildine of the 13th, IBth, Bnd 
17th centuries. A little to the H.yf. edinds the HUtl de Vltti 
(Pl.B, C, 6), of the 17th cent., mntaining a email Muefe (op«n on 
Sun. &ThDrB., 12-4, and shown on application (mother days ll-4}i 

Praceoding towarde the W. from the HAtel ila Ville, we resell 
llie expansion of the boulevarda caUod the Flaee dts Epari (PI. A,6)i 
in the centre of which rises n bronEC Etatae , hy Preanlt, of 'JdfiiTrai 
»aretau (1769-96), a native of Chartras, 

The finest pari of the houleTarde If the Butte des Cliurbonnim 
(PI. A, B, 2, 3), on the N.W. side of the town, To the rtghl, ui 
this point, are some remains of the old city-walls. 

Line bam Eontn to Orl^aai v\i Chartrei, sn p. M, — A Iiranoli-Une 
[iins from Oharirei (o [18 M.) Avneaa ip.WTJ. 

FRoKOatsTuiBTuSiuvDB, J3B M., ratlwBvln li/,-S<r< 1>[b. (fanalOrr. 
30, It fr, ea, U It. 7a o.|. The line U Orit trareniu! an nnlRleieiUaE plain 
and etoises Iho EUrt. — Ifl'/i M. JllUr; a aatll lown on tho tcfr. — 19 M. 
Bran (BMil da IfoU-ifarlti), ■ amall town on the Otonni, nilh Importanl 
maikels and ■ C»bh» of Ihn ISth eenturj. — Beyond (31 M.) Arrtrn, tho tUBB- 
Hon for Nofent-le-Eotrou (aec p, JW, «e Bee tbe cbitean or ODuWalM 
riath cent.] to the IeCI and croiB the Ttrri by a lugs viaduct, —MX. 
!7<wMa[a<fi-ffl- Pillerin (BalTel) ig Ibe JDnclInn of B line to Oil^ant (Me 
p. iMJ. The country n.iw brjeomea more *Bi1od. — Beyond (iVh%.i 
iioudotaiaoH, on the Qrwi, with a pielureaqns rutned cBille of Iha lO- 
IGib cent., IhB (rain deiecndi Ihe tuDb; of Ibe Brasi, eroBBlng (be Itraan 
BBTaral timei. Prom (68 H.) Sorir/ » line mtiB to {BO^tiV.) TuarB tp. 3fBJ 
viii ChitraurmauH and Vomray (p. 368). Fiom (60 M.) Butlmr-BtVM. • 
imaU IndDitHal lown, b llns dlvcrgci ti> St. OsUli and OonnBrriT (iea 
- '""' "' 1. Fmi-as-BTOft IB the junoHon of the tfne to VendOme uil 

Biol! fp. 378), Iriveralng tlie pretty Tslloy nt the Ltlir, which oi 
also foflDwa for Bome time. BoDiard, fbc vml. [im^fSl, wu horn u uc 
manor of La PalsittrmUri (relicpi viBltora sdmltled), 3</i ». tn tho 6. — 
I'u Did rleU are the chilenu of la FhlU (ISth canl.), Ew.> other chllettl*, 
and ■creral gioltoei. — 71 M. Zn Clim-tri, connected with Le Uana liy a 
Bleam-tFamwiiy (SBo p. 303). Sf IT. OMItau-dii-Lcir. a Bmal) town witli 
uiotber ttBlloD DU llis isllwa; from Lb Xana to Tonrs (p. Xllj. We low 
croia the Loir and quH IM TStley, oI wbleh ne ohtuln a nae Vievr u we 
BKend. Wb (bi^B dcicend Into another heinlinU vnHey. — ftS/t H. OMfm- 
la-TalliiM, on (ho Fan, wai the capllBl of a dnehr "hfeii (are title •>■ 
Hdlle. de la Vallff're (IBU-mD), mlitrew of LoulB XlV. Balliray from 
Obiitsnreaault (o Porl-Bonlel, Bee p. 370. — IM », TrafiMt-tHtn. jvaMm 

ofM IlBB to ^ngen. (p. !88). - 119 M. Tte», «ffi >««V- -' - " ' 

riiobe fp.332j. - IM M. aoumw (Oar« d'Orliam' '^ 
Vi H. from tJte lown iiropcr rti'e v'laBl. 

' rf-i 

Viivp. lie U FoiaKaiKiiTic, roncLeil thenut- by tlio neiMHid ttlmc't nii I1i< 
[eft, iH a Howe o/'the tsth Cmlnnj. From this point we miy foUo* 
the Rue Si. Eraan pi. 0,3,4) ond the Rub dn Bourg (TI. ti,*)tt 
the Porl; BaUlaumt [PI. D, 4), «n inlerBBting retic of the medlxill 
foiiJflc&tlonB of the toim. CiosEing the most here aod foUowing Di) 
bonlflvard to the tight ts far be the flrst bridge (PI. D, 4), we thrni 
ascend to the church of St. I'iem [PI. 0, D, 5), a fine edfflce of Uu 
ll-13th eentnrlua, Tha spaidal chapel conteins twelve eplenilid U- 
moges 'Enamels, by Lfonaid Lima«ln (154T), eich 3 ft. high (ml 
11 in. wide, brought from the ObMe&n d'Anetfp, 59) and represenl- 
ing the Apostles (bell Tor the unslodian nn the left). 

The Rue St. Pierre leads hence to the N., passing near IH 
Clmnh of 8t. Aigrum (PI. C, 4), a building of the 13th, IHth, in* 
17th oenturioB. A Uttle to the a.W. stands the H8Ut de VOf 
(PI. B, C, C], of the 17th cent,, eontaining a. small Maait (op«il At^ 
Sun. A Thura., 13-4, and shown on application on other d»ya ll-4)t' 

Proceeding towards the W. from the Quiel '1e Vi|!e, we teadl 
the eipnnaion ofthBbotllflvsrdBcaUad the PfutedMEporj (ipl.A,6J 
in the centre of which risee a bronze etatno , by Pr^Ault, of (ieiut^ 
Marccau (1769-96), a native of Ohartrea. 

The Hnest part of the boulevBrds 1| the BvHt det amrboiMhrl 
(Pi. A, B, 2, 3), on the N.W. Bide of (he town. To the right, H 
tills point, are some remains of the old cily-walle. 

Line from SoHni to Orlimi viB CbarlrM, Bee p. BB, — A brnHjll.llM 
riins from Ohartrea In (tBH.J Ainsau Ip.SHTJ. 

Fbum OuiiTKEB lu SIUHUI, ISB H., railway In VIMihta. {fueaWlt- 
30. U fr. es, 9 fr. 79 e.]. TbMttie at Drst lrsyen» an nninleTeiiUni olils 
undeioiaeBtbeAwi. — ifii/iH. IlU'm, a imsll tovn on tba £ii<r. — 9K 
Bnu (mill da TroU-Marlei), a imall town an lbs Oiana; with Impoitail 
maikatB and a CAw-et of the I3lli eenlur; , — Fteyond (83 H.) .Irrus, the J«a»- 
Uon for NDgenl-lfl-Botrou (lee n. IBS}, ws tee the Ebitean at CinrtaMn 
fIDth etui.) to the lelt and croii (he I'erre hj a large vladDct. —NX. 
OaurlaMn-Bt-Ptlliriii (BnffM} la Ihs Junction of a line to OrlLiani tjin 
p. I99j. The eonntry now becomes more varied. — Beyood aVh Xf 
MandimUlBii, on the Orviiii, with a pletDioaque FOfaed cutis or tta tf' 
IDIh cent,, (be (rain deaeenda the vaUey of the Brayt, crnastng the atiM* 
BBveial timea. From 153 a.) Sargi a lise rnng to (SOViM.) ToBvB (p.Sn) 
rii CTidlMiwawuK and Voavrag (p. 286). From (80 M.) BlHi-Xir-Bnv*. > 
araal] Indiutrlal town, a line rUveinB to St. Oalala and CoDoene (•« 
p. 1»). — 86 M. P/^l-da-Bran' ifl the jaBotion of Ihe Una lo Venddma B^ 
Blola in. 378), traverslBs the prettv vaUey at Ho Loir, which on» OaA 
also followa tar lojae Hrae, Koaaard, the poei (1^?*-^), waa bom ■( at 
manor of I.a FoUnnaitri (reWcai vtaStorB adojitled), Vf, M, lo the S. — 
■"- "-riChl are tha chlienn ol La FlotU mOi a- ' ■ — —-- -•-*-— 

and BCTBral Erolto<?s. — 71 H. £a marirt, connected with Le Mbu bF • 

nay (lee p, 303). Ht ». OMUau-dn-Lsir, 

Jon OD (he lailwiy from Le Hani to Tooia (p. 2i4). 


- H9M. Fl»K,ltie ja 
mar {Oore cTOilia"' 





IL Fram ChortTei to IiO Hkna. 

B N. R.ILW.I In liflVi l""- lf»«8 1* ft-, 9 fr- as, 6 ._. 

tthe first Station beyond Chattree U (61 l/s M. from Piris) Sl-Au- 
bin-St-LupcTce. At (Bli M.) CourBille the line ipproBohes tbe Eure, 
the aourse of vbicb it now follows, qultttng tbe plains of La Bcauca 
for the pastaces of Le PetcHe, on whlflh are reared tbe eicelleiit 
ilraaght-borses known as 'Percherons'. 

About U. ta lb« S. oC CourrilU, oa Ibe road to lUien (p. ISei, ia 
[be Bxlenslve and intarulLng ck£teiu uf na^au , liullt in tbs IBtli cem. 
itnd ruloicA and Elteied lohaeqneatly. 11 afterwicda came into tbe pot- 
■e.<g<on of Snlly, (be puwerKil minliler at Henri IT, wbo died bere in (641. 

71 M. f on(?oufn; 77 M. La Lrjupe (Cb«"(ie-Dot^), the juncHoty of 
a brancb-lina lo (M M.) VerneuU (p. iS4) : 81 M. BTttancetlca. — 
87Va M. Coniic-rtir-Hui<ne (Lion d'Or}. 

Fhob Oosp* io Ai.rsi.'om .nii UOMfBolIT, Bii/, M„ railiB.y in S-S'/j bra. 
ThlB lina It Drat oicendi the Yiil!e; of tbe Buintt, tiBveceing a billy Aia- 
triol. — 18 M. KortuBa (Orand Orr/: Fmlsi da Fnma), va annlsnt but 
deciLTlBg loivn with sun (nbab., poaieisBi u oburcb of the Id-ieib cent., 
tbe tower of wblcb fell In 1890. It ja an Importaot bone-breeding centre, 
andia tliaJaDCtiDno[Une>tolAlgie(p.l31), llamsrataeebelow], Sle. Oau- 
burga (p. 184), etc. — Wh H. Aln^on, aee p. 191. Line from Sordon 
rCaen) lo Ls Mnni, lea pp. 190, 134. — From (U U.) Lu Laaih a diligence 
plieg lo (7i/i H.] Carrovfu, wKh a curioui cbiteao (lG-lT(h oeil.], sontiin- 
lag > 16tb cenl. ataircote, iiDItraiU, and Upeitrv. — Tbe amall tonn of 
(58 H.) Prl-tu-Pail ii tbe .iunoUon of a Una to O^'/i H.) Kayenne (p.lSSJ. 
70 M. COulimt, tbe jnncliun for La Ferl^-UAo^ and Brlooia (aea p. Iflti). 
At (7U H.) Jvtigiir-ii»u-A:idai«t ia the en-ualled fhan dt Bnaiovltir, an 
aneient fortified anclotuie or iralcb-toffer. — 84VtU. Dtrnfrml, tee p. IBS. 

Our line now croBses tbe Auisne, the valley of wbich it descends 
all tlie way to Le Manp. 

9272 M. Bogeat-lc-BotTou (Baffeli lidtel eJu Dauphin), a town 
wltb 8100 inhali., was the birthplace of Remy-BilUau, the pout 
(I6'28-77), to whom a statue was erected here in 1897. Tho Castle, 
of the ll-15lb oBiit, wM once the pioperty of Snlly (1660-1611J, 
minister of Henri IV (conip, p. 399). At the HGlel Dieu is the 
Landaome tomb of Sully, with nioFble statues of himself and hii 
wife, by Bondin (1613). The churnli of St. Hilaln liates from the 
10th, 13th, and l^tit fentuiius. 

FauM NoOBBI-iE-RoTBOD TO OrlSiss (p. 'JTO) , 12 M., callway In 
41/1 bra., vli t!»M.) Ari-ov (tee p. 1SS);281I. CiiwIalaiii'SI-PilUni ; 39 M. 
CAdWaHdun (p. SS7)| and (S7».) nifaiilp. Ifi8}. 

106 VaM. La FerU-Bemard (St. Jean; Ohapean-llouge), a small 
town to the left, with a Qne church in the style of the transition 
from Qothie to Renaissani^e , with curious galleries and einhorate 
Bculptnrei. The HflteJ de Villa is established in one of the old town- 
gates flSth tent). — 111 M, SceatiT. — 116 M, Coniwrrf-Brtiilt. 

A bitumli-liae runs hence to (IS U.) Vonn-a (II<^t. d'EapaKas', C^%<^c\s 
a clott-maklng town (SOOO Inbsb.]. connectei b; raWiJi.'ij «\V& Hnhui"'' 
Una more) OBd <rilh la SuUf GouUmUiri [a. iVX). — Cobubwb t* »^*" 

''amor Ip. igSj. ' '' **' "••*«, on tbe railwe.") "0>" " ^M 




200 Route SH. 1,F. MANS. From rarU 

We again cross tbe Uuisne. iteyond (120 M.) Pont-dt-GtmiiW 
Monlfort snd (12272 M.) 81. Mars-Ui-Briin the trsiii pUBW Annvk 
pUntitions of pines. 12Q M. Yvri-tEvtqut. The namM of (hwi 
last Etstlona ne all known in connection vith the impartant bttik 
of Le Mans In 1871 (see helow). On the Haliau d'^uvcuf*, ibv* 
yvnt-rEvflquo, are & column commemorating the bsttls sod tit 
lomb of General Gongeard (d. 1886), one of the French commandui. 
There is another commemorative monument In the indnetrlal fobnrb 
of PonUicar, which oar train CTOseea before entering the station of 
1 131 M.] Le Maia, To the left diverges the line to lonr». PontUene 
is 1 Btatioii on the sleam-tramway to La Chartre (p. 203). 

Le Hana. — Buteli. OuHo-HaTiL (BcvU d'Ori, B. 11-8, B. !■/<, 
diij. 3, D. 31/sfr., HStej. de Fa*soK, H., L., « A. 8'/rB, B. !'/»- **).!. 
1>. W/ifr.; SHJBOB, R„ L., ft A. S-3, B. 1, ii!j, S'/i, D. B fr. ioel. lAn; 
iiD D.fTHni: all four in iho Plsce ia la E^pobHqo* (PI. a, b, c, (It B.Si 
MilTBt BuMiiH!:(Pl. e; B, 3), HdB dss Wnitoe. 10, B. 2, d^J.*/,, D.Sfr.i 
:iK Vme (PI. fi B, 6). It the station, B. 2-8. B, 1, Ai). V/t, D.Btr.— 
Cafisin IhePUCG de la B^publlque and Ihs Place des JacobiDi. — BeatH- 
rsntm. Sof, Place de la R^pabliiiiiei BafftI at the ratlwaT-itation- 

OaS wllh one horse IVi fr, per 'conrse', 1 fr. SO 0, per hr.j at BbU 
1 (r. TB and 3 fr. 26 o. i wilh Iwo horsea 1 tr. liO, 3 ff . 26 e,, 2 fr., 3 fr. We. 

K«tri« Tramwayi from Ihe Plaa ii la MjmhK^f (PI. B, 3) lo ft* 
SlaUm (PI. A, B, 6) , to the Jariin dfHarUaHtart (PI. D, 2, S), to AnlllM 
|P1. D. 6}, ele. i fare Ifl c. — Sliom rromtm!/', Bee p. 209. 

Pstt and Teleiraph OfSce (PI. B, 3), Place de la B^pnbllqn*. 

Le Mani, formerly the capital of Maine, and now the chief pbca 
of the D/'partement dt la Sarthe, the hendiinBrtere of the ITth Corp* 
rl'Arm^e, and the seat of a bishop, is an ancient town with 6O,D00l»- 
linb., gituated on the Sarthe, chiefly on a height rising from tba Idl 
hanli. Le Mans manufactures linen, sail-nloth, wai-candlea, ml 
II other articles, and carries on a large trade in ponlt^. 
aos. tbe ancient capital of the Aulerd-Ccnoman), atterwanll 
and fartined by the ttomani. becune under ObariemaenB one nf 
, 1— . ...... .- ... „,._.,_ „f ,^g Franks. Tiken by WU- 


llun tlie Conquero 





S the Anglo-Frencb w 

r>. ud 




twenty rieiel. Tba Teadfou 

were defeated here 

by Qeoen 



ITBBi and the vlctorioti 



B^/aliXin 1 
. In IBTl tlie 



[n'dl'i'pri™' F°Rderi'c5 


Kled'^the Be^D 

d Army o 



"be" In T'wMk o^f 


Pa... lO-nu.), effe 

tually p«v 

ni lb 

empt tfl relle't Paris. 

Le Han) waa Ihe blriliplac 




HenryU,, thetlnitorihePla^ 

iageoet Itne 

The Avenue Thieri, a long street of recent eonainietion, Uiit 
from the rail way- ststion to the Prifectttre and the church of iVotr«- 
Dame-de-la-Coulurt, In the centre of the town. In the Sqnue d* 
h PritcHure U a bronie Hatrae, !>■) Filleut, of Pinrf Itelon, a phji- 
eieUn and botanist of the 16ft o.BuMrs. 

TJ-erfitireh of Notre-Bwiw-eWiAs.-COTt-Mttl.t.'-ite.iMB,*.^ 
PI. a 3), d«t(ng maitilv from tlie W* M\i\Vft. ttW-,W - 
front, flunked with two utiflnis^iefl to-«Bis. t^» VoiViv,-^ 

^^Sn«nn«. LKMANS, S«. Kou'e. 201 

coded by n porch, is Invlslily ndorned wUli sculpturee reprMeadng 
(he LiEt Jodgmeiit (tyiapaiiiim), Btalaee of ApoEtles, and EMtaettes 
of flitnts (on the Tanlting). The nave, wticli is in & vary primidvB 
Uotbic style, bas no siales and is roofed by domic&l TaulUng, Etiltod 
in (he a»mB w»y as that of St, Maurice at Angers (p. 239J. ThR choir, 
which is Biirroituded by an ambnktory and chapele, is still earliei 
than the nus, the end of It boing in tbe Romnneaqne style. Beneath 
it is a orypt. T1ie nave contains the following no(«woTthy plctnreri 
(named from right to left) : Sleep of Elijah, by PM. de Oumpaigm ; 
rintombnient, by O, Zegliers; Abrabsm and the Angels, by fleiioiil; 
Feast of Pentecoal, by Van Thulden; Grown nf Thorns, hy Bar*. 
Manfrtdi ; St. Veronica, by L. Carracci. The Urge chapels opening 
off the aisles of the choir contain iiandaome marble altare and altar- 
piecee of the ISth cent., and the high-altar is a piece of elahorala 
modem worh. The Lady Cbapcl, la the riglit of the choir, is em- 
ballishad with good modern stained glass. In the sacristy is preserv- 
ed the shroDd of St, Bernard, Kisliop of I.e Mans in the 6th cent, 
made of some Oriental fabric. 

The conventnal buildings nf the Abhaye de la Couture, rebuilt 
in the 18th cent., contain the Prgfeclure (see p. 200^ and the muni- 
cipal Xnienm [open daily, except Mon., 12-4^. We enter by tlie 
iron gate and the door opposite it. 

Tbe tirst Gillert entered and tbe Oillsrt lo the left c«BUin obieoll 
of natural tlatory, 27 jceiiea and portraila from Searran's 'Ruman Oomique", 
Uy Covlcti ([>f Le Ktni; ca. 1712-1$), enEravIdgs, pollery. weapons, scnlp- 
tnres, Egyptian enl!<|uil<B9 , etc. — Room at lie end, adjoining Hie first 
gsUBiT. FainUnei tfrom right to left): 305, nddnanif, Korwefilsn bridE's 
ioUeti SeO. Jiibira, Chrial delivered io iho eiecDliDnen 2!6. .ifler Q. UaUyt, 
ai, Jcpome, 173, mim.'Hrd^, Alctemisti 3B3. E-bIbdi™ ArlUt, Porlrail of 
Seupron, lbs author; TfiS. Maril'Ml, Landscape, — The ilsts-aeses conMn 

fanona'' Eiamel of'owSrtv 'ptaotast'tl (d. 1151), a 'plague of Cbamplev! 
enamel, S tl. bigb anil 1 R. wide, TCpreaeottDg GeoSrey, Coont of Aniou, 
ralliar of Henry n. of England (see p. 300) and founder of the Plantagenej 
line. II originally adorned his tomb In (be caUiedral. A rlohly ohaied 
Bod enamelled knife wllb the arms of the Dnkes of Bnreundyi a casket 
of tba ISib cent.) and Ihe grave-plate nf a surgeon nf Le Ban* In tbe 
IttllieeBl. may atao bBnellced. — ItooH la the right ; 183. Treymi. Farmer; 
297. Botieal, m Xavar, Battles of Lb Hani In 17^ and lB7Ii 1S8. L. DaM, 
rorlialts; SSa, Mtriaii dt Touri, Blanche of CaJtIlle. In the glus-cases 
are cnrioBHIei and work! of art. 

OniHoa OAunn (from right lo left). By the in window: Several 
•■■.■..nnas, by Italian artists, Including one by J^EruffneniD.SOl, — 2nd wln- 

™ ^ '- EotomtimenLsketchtorap^ntlngctBonie, — Srdwin- 

Mjjinaifspei 182. jroJ/|HU]l-Hfe. — ith window: 48. Fofi 


dow : 39, B 

now! JiU, JJttjimBTif , X jincLicBpo ; lui. Atfj/, nuu-uie. — am wipu 

AlMwn, PeiaaDlii 808. Ttnitti, Taverni SH. ftwufn, Child a' 

Gupidi above, Ft, Fltrii, Iiait Jadgment. — Beyond tbe filb window: 
A. BuK, Germain Pllon. — At the end: 385. Uitui Rtt, Eieoutlon of a 
murderer in the ISth century, — On the other aide; 106. Cr)^Hu6t^,^l. CwnV, 
rana»c»peii SM. O.Sarh, WiterfbD in the Jora; IW. rran^oU.AatAKa.'^s-, 
Hi. j: fitipri, Binalerti 52. L.BtvlngM. Jnpiler ttniSanieXt-, V4.'- S"''- 
ciMJmdgnaii Bi. enmi^B, Porlrail i 362, Pouaitn, ■RAmm.', W- ^t""^ 

^■p ■'""""* ^"^ ^mon/; J09. <J.,ypp), PoiWiU-, U6. KW*-°^**J 

IMhI, St. rolburrnsi 173. Allclbule.l I.1 Ruiau, PorLt 
Piusntatiun in Iha Temple; IBl. Kui/, SUn-lifet 3H. 
■ -uriiUee_;_33q. iM«™r, Diana hunline i 43^ «*■' 

_ _.. . __.l, 111. J. .... __. 

Iralt*. On the selliDg: !^. Hiu, Assuglnatlon of n Enssli 
luge CBn>s!< abom b 711M of wMcb bu hail lo be foldsd bac^ 
rl^M nf tfas door: Ut. mi. Si. ChriBtoplier. 

Tho Prfifecture also containa the PuUic Library, onan dally, 
11-4, excepton8nn.,Vod., and holidays. It contains 60,000 p tinted 
volumeo and 700 MSP. 

Tha Boulevard Hen^- LevsEBBur leads hence to the Fliiee di 
In RipubUqvt (PL B, 3], in which stands a 'War Monumtnt far 
1871 Caee p. '200). The etatne of General Ohsniy, conunsnder of 
tlie Army of the Loire, is hy Cravlc; the flne gtoups of Attack uiS 
DefonCB (ire by Croisy. 

In this Place ace Ihe Bourse and the Trihtinal de Cammerce, 
Bomplelod in 1890, and, farther on, the Palais dt Juitiee tind (he 
Chvreli oflht VisUalton, two iSlh cent. hnildingB, belonging originally 
10 the Convent of the Visitation. — Tho Bue Gambetta, which 
descends from thiB point towards tlie Qrand Pont, passes 1>etwee[i 
tlie General Hoipilal (PLA, B, 3], an odifloe of the 17tli cent., with 
a flne chftpei, and the Place dc I'Eperen (PL B, 3), where upwards of 
6000 VendSons were wounded or slain in 1793 (comp. p. 200). 

The Rns Dnmas (adjoining tbe Oiand Hotel; Pi. It, 3) and the 
CoUowing Btteets (Rue Matchando, bIc.) lead from the Place da 1» 
U^pnhlicine to the Piace dei JacoMne (PL C, 2) and the Theatn, 
tbe latter constmcted in 1842 on the site of a Oallo-Roman amphi- 
theatre and EUrronnded by taetufuUy laid out pleaiure-graands. 
'I'Le basement contains a small Muieum of Hiitarical Afonumrall, 
open to the public on Snn., 12-4, and shown on application on other 
days alao (entr. to thsright% Its contents consill of untlqnitleB and 
of mediteval and Renaissance objects of art, inclnding some an<uent 
vaEBs, pottery, faience, enamels, funereal monainenti, an ancient 
relief-plan of tbe town, and a colossal bust of Oeneial X^g^ier, a 
native of Le Mane, slain at Paris in the insurrection of ,lune, 1848.— 
On tbe W. side of the Place is it modern Ttmnd descending to tbe 
Sarthe (see p. 203). 

On the W. side of the Place dee Jacobins rises the 'Cathadral 
(PL 0, 1, 2), which is dedicated to Ijt. Julian, the traditional founder 
of Cenomanian Gbristianity and tbe Brst Bishop of Le tians 
(3rd cent.). The building consists of two distinct parts, differing 
widely from each other: the nave of the U-12th cent., with Mmo 
niodidoations In the Tiansitioual style; and tbe cboir and transept 
rebuilt on an ampler scale in the 13tli and following cent,, the ono 
/a Cba eiTly-Ootbic style, the other partly In the late-Qothlo of the 
idth century. In Bpile of tbis ilisMB^itnti"j, >iotictm, the Cathodtal 
of Le JMbos ranks among ttie knAin? ttaiiP^a?,ol.^iMvsa, «i.&.«i« 

[,1! MANS. i'N, lloHle. 'IvH^ 

EHiiaral effect is one of graal noliillty. The W. piirtal, lUling from 
tbe lllh cent., ii eevete and simple, aad is unrelieved by a towEr. 
Between ttro ImttreBEflE lo tie rigbt is s stone anpposed to be n 
'mentilr' or 'long Etone'. On tbe S. elde of the nave le a Lateral 
Portal in the Tnnsition style o! tlia 13th foul., preceded by a crene- 
lated porch, adorned with stacnes resembling thoee of the great 
portal of Chartres Catbedial (p. 196). The transept termlnateE at 
each end in a tower, of which tho base is Romanesqne and the 
upper portions of the 1&-I6th centnries. The soaring apse, with 
itE girdle of chapels, is one of the most imposing fe.itnres of the 

Diuih of the two psrU la • flne ciuDiple of IM own atyle. The nava ia 
diiiaed inlQ UTe^ays roofed with domiul VBullin^i the tlalea taa^iet of 

lllled Willi uidenl alalned glam. The •Cheir, with its donble iinihnlati>ry, 
If In the pureil OdUuc atylB and is beautilled by lies •Etained-atau Win- 
dum of the I3-ltlb ceDtnrieo. Among tbe minor FcAlurea oF interest In the 

The B6tel du Grahalnitt, a Rennisaaiice building opposite the 
catbedral, was formerly the canons' hospital. The Kue des Cha- 
noines and the Orando Rne |P1. B, C, 1, 2), to the S, of the oath- 
adral, also contain several quaint old hooees. No. 11 Grande Roe is 
named the Bowse of Quttn Btrngmia, because it occupies the Eite 
if a maneion said to have been ocenpled in the 13th cent, by tlie 
^ridow of Richard CcEur-dO'Llon (s^e above]. It contains a small 
stt-mnaenm (9-li and l-'i; feej. 

Crossing the river by the PontYssoir, we nest reach the chnrch 
of NolTt'Damc or St. Jvlim-du-Pre (PI, B, 1), dating mainly from 
the ll-12th cent, and well illnelrating the Romanesque style ot that 
period. Below the choir is a crypt. The N. aisle contains a bas- 
relief ot the 16th cent., repieEenting a procession. The cfaDieh ' 
decorated with modem frescoes, by Andriaux and Jaffard. 

About </: M. to the E. of the Place des Jacobins Is the Sort 
ctiUufal Oardtn (Fl. D, 2), open to the public on Sun. and Thu^ 
and on Tnee. when the band plays, and to strangers on other Anjs^' 
on application. 

From I.e Mani to JKi/iraHoi U: yanUt, secU.BIn lo Al»n(on,i*t-^.1&. 

Fxan Lf Mass to La Ou.ktkk, BU M., staam-liacfflKS te ^V«, VVit« 
I/^HiS-irf ^' "'fgf"""™' (P-200), Pariyni, Grand-Luc*, Bit. — ^^ 

m^'rvi'lenecu Ihe line from Silli-le-Qi^aattTOt Xo a"*^^ ^*'** 



2(H Routt 3S. SILLlil-LE-GUlLl.AUME. 

PbohLi Wakstu TnuBH, SKh N.. rullwif in 2'li-3'li hii. 
e If. 73, 4 tr. 10 c). This line U llrst culDcldiui for n ahorl 
IhBl to PntiJ, then lornfl lu lie 9. and Inverses the Wud 
Ariagi we qnit the vnlley o( the Ssrlho. Tg iho right and 1 
rhatcBui. Wh K. AaUgai (B«^) us the .innctiaD of a 

(iCh IS.) L» Fltche (p.fiSl, ffWch - - ■■ ■ - 

Audi, with lt» •---' -"■ 


iiend the yiIId]' of lbs EicalaU. U U. N!vm-Poal-Pliu-r$^ n gmall tim 
1 H. t<. the rlEht, UD the Chilean lentult ud Port-Boglel line (p. ZKI). 
Abont 3 H. to the W. of ((ai/s U.) 51. A«liiiiil-du-BiKhtr li« Sintlannr. 
wtlh the pIctnTCaqne rulol of ■ cutis of the 13-lSth centoHes. DS>/i >■ 
milrar, oith e well-knonn Bt-ricull oral rufoimBlar; for hay>. A llltli 
farther on Tie ioJD the lelXiny from Paris (o Tour) vli Tendome (He 
p. 3S7). Beiond 061^ M.I t^nieltei-SI-Oi/r wn cross (be l-oin ud retch 
the HinleB ralloHy (B. 31bJ, — QII/e »■ 7«"-j, see p. 379. 

m. From Le Hans to BenitN. 

IM H, B.ttw*r In i-i'l. hri. (fares IB (r, 46, 12 tr. 60, « ft 10 0.). 

On iBavlng Le Muis we ccoas tho iSarlfic and abtaln a fln4 vUn 
of t^e town to tbfl rigM. Tbe line to Angara (R. 31s) rtlng to tka 
left, and the line to Alencon (R. 26) dlTerges to the right, fartfaR 
OH. — 138i/j M. (from Piris) La mUaif-la-Batagti 144 M. Dem- 
/Voni; 146 M. Canlw; 149Vs M. Criisf. 

1691/} M. BlU4-le-0Timamiie {De Bretagne, Aij. or D. 2'/i "-^ 
s town with 3153 Inliab., possesses a rained cistle of Qie 15tli MllL, 
tlie keep of wliioh ia 125 ft. high, ind s Gothic cbaroh with a beau- 
lifu) porta] of the 13th uent., »n.i a large crypt of tbe I2tb. Tlio 
Raatle was several times taken by the English. 

A branch -railway runs hence to (18 U.] la HutlfOoHt-xjAUn (p. 193], 
pa^'lne <14 H.) Freinayinr-Bitrtha ( C':eiiaUer), a snail tone on a <tei^, 
rocky hill, with a ruined castle and a oburch In (he TransiUonal (lylc 

Another branch-line leads Til (loVi K.) leni (iramwar to L^ XaD<, 
sec p. 203), and(aUll.)fir<lDii to m^h'-i Bahti (p. 293). 

168 M. Ettoh (Aiglt d'Or), s small town with an interesting 
tbnich(ll-14tb^eat.). Panof the rich ornamentation of the interin 
refers to s miisde attributed to some of tbe 'Milk o! tbe Hadonna', 
brought from the Holy Land by a pilgrim, and now prelerved in tbe 
church. The timber Market Buiidinjn date from the 1-lth cenlnry, 

FromEirOD an omoibas rnns to JuMaiDi (lUt. di fOunlj, ■ lUlact 
9 H. to the N.W., ouupyfng the sile at the fioinan JfKiuium, it which 

or fort, the walls of which, sirenglhened by rotind and iqnara lowen. 
are stsndlDg ap to a heigbt of about 16 fl. — The omnibus com oo I* 
a M.) JfoKMM {p. 1B3). 

Anolher omolbug plies In 8te. Suianns {LIm d'Or), an old Ion 
H/i M. lo the S. of Evron, wUh an ancient forlilicd wall and ■ miatl 

180 M. La t'/iapeH<-AnUi«nalie, &« iuivtfeim u( »V«\is \a i^wi. 
i/i Flern, Domfiont, and Msv^nn* (aefc^.l'T^- 

i86i/s JW, LaT«l (Biiffrt; Hfileli di tChi«V,At Tttii.^ 
f'lx), tbe capital of the depiitmcnl. ol ftve Ma^enti* « 

toImfiM« LAVAL. 28. Routt. 205 

o'lbighop, is a busy town with 29,860 inhab., situated on the 
^ytx Mayeime. For 600 years it has been the centre of an active 
mnmfaotiire of linen, now chiefly producing tickings. The marble 
found in the neighbourhood is sawn or made into lime here. Laval 
was taken by Talbot in 1428, and changed hands several times 
during the wars of the League and La Yend^e. 

The ancient part of the town, rising in tiers on the right bank 
of the river and dominated by the cathedral and the castle , pre- 
sents a very picturesque aspect as seen from the railway-viaduct 
(see p. 206) or from the bridge. Its streets, however, are narrow and 
iiregnlar. To reach it we follow the Rue de la Gare and the Rue de 
la Paix, crossing the river by the Font-Neuf. Beyond the bridge 
we reach the Place de rHotel-de-Ville, embellished with a bronze 
statue, by David d' Angers, of Ambroise Pari^ styled the ^Father of 
French Surgery^ who was bom near Laval about 1610. 

Thence the Rue de rH6tel-de-yille leads to the left to the Castle, 
which consists of two parts, the *01d' and the *New'. The Old Castle, 
a sombre-looking edifice now transformed into a prison, is seen to 
most advantage from the Rue du Yal-de-Mayenne, near the river. 
Visitors are admitted (on application at the Prefecture , Rue des 
Trois- Croix) to the court, to the interesting donjon (12th cent.), 
-with its fine timber-roof, and to the chapel (11th cent.). The New 
CaatU dates partly from the Renaissance period and is now the 

The Cathedral, an unimposing and irregular building of the 
12tb and 16th cent., was finally freed firom the neighbouring build- 
ings in 1889. The Romanesque W. portal is modem ; bat the S. 
portal, with its unfinished tower, also Romanesque, and the Renais- 
sance N. portal are ancient. The interior is more interesting^than 
the exterior. The oldest part is the transept (12th cent.). The 
choir (16th cent.) has five radiating chapels. 

To the S.W. of the cathedral stands the Porte Beucheresse, one 
of the old town-gates, in the Gothic style, flanked by two towers. — 
The Rue Marmoreau descends hence to the Place de Herc^, in which 
are the CfaUrU de VIndustrie (18th cent.) and the Musie des Beaux 
Arts, built in 1891-96 and containing a small collection of paint- 
ings, by FUmdrin, Isahey, LenepveUj Meissonier, etc. 

In ^e Place de la Biblioth^que, between the cathedral and the 
Place de rH6tel-de-yille, stands the Museum, containing the public 
library and a small archaeological collection. — To the left, in the 
Rue Joinville, which begins at the Place de rH6tel-de-yille, is the 
church of Notre-'Dame, a stmcture of the 14-16th cent., containing 
several line marble altars of the 17th century. 

Bolow the Pont Neuf is the Pont Vieux, or Pont de Mayenne, a 
Gothic structure of the 14th cent., Y2 ^* ^^om which \% ^^ \^^%Nxr 
tifal lHUi cent, church of Notre-Dame-d: Actniltt^ ^ ^^ i^. «\^^'«^ ^^ 
i63d sad s handsome modem pulpit. — \\\ t\\ft ^w^ iiLXxVciwX.-^'^- 


206 Boutins. VlTi^e, From Pari, 

Mtyenne, beyund the bridge, rises tlie liitb «en(, ulmtcb olSl 
Vinerand, witb double aisleti. 

From Ltvul n brsDcli-linB rnns tu (&) H.) aaii«Ei-Lofr<uf-jH (Silld, 
Anears; p. 332), t1$ (IBi/i H.} Xulan, whancB t vlsU ma; tu esU M U( 
lUlwHlB caves (»dm. 1 fr.) of Bonftlii (Hoi. des Grottfs). — FnJm UtU 
tu Uuriiii, Don^af. Flwi, and Ciun, aee B. 37. 

FaoH UvAL TO CHitiiUBBUiiT, IBM., in Vli-i^at. (8tr. 80, 5 0.(9, 
3 fr. 80 0.). - 131/1 H. Coui-ti- Viviin CJ930!nliBb.), - 33 M. Of»ii rVowIrL 
with ISfiO InliBb., on tbe Oxdnn, Ims ■ flafl 18th oeol. r^atsso. Brncb Id 
Vhnai.ii , ICB p. ^"34. ~ At (38 ».) i'owi^iiv; ■ branch iiieigfix lo Bepi 
(p. ^4], - 18 H. CMIeaoMml, bcs p. 331. 

In leaving f.sTsl Uie train croEses tbe viUley of the Hiyenne hj 
a lofty granite viadnct (93ft. high), which sHords a fine Tiewofttii 
town to the left. — Beyond [192 M.) Le Genet we hsva a »i«ir U 
the eight of the interesting aid Ahhty ofCUrmoat, founded in llfil 
and now conTerted into a uhatean. The abbey-ohutch contains »»l 
inagnlflcont monumente of the Sitbb de Laval, dating fnin tlia 
14-16th ceiituTie*. 

209 Mj_T£iBK''./ifilel i/ts Vavng^i^muLdt Frnact, bothnwi 
-EbTrailway-sUtion); a"n ancient town with 10,600 inhab,, ii j^tai- 
usquely sitnated on the left bank of the Vilalne. Jl stilt tettlM 
some portions of its former fortifleationa, a rained caetle, and nnnur- 
ODS quaint mediaeval liousea, and Is in many respects one oftti 
it intareating towns in France. Vilr£ early embraced ILe Pnr 
Mit doctrinee, and the Huguenots successfully defended Ibem- 
selvBB here against the army of tbe I.cagae !n 1&8^). 

On leaving the railway-station, we proceed at first 10 tke left 
id, beyond one of the towers of the old forCitl cations, turn to Ibt 
right by the Rut Beuutlrairie, wliich passes farther on betwe«ii At 
Jftie d'Embaa and the Rat Pottrie, I'bese streets are the oiOEl qmli) 
nnd piotDresque in the town, exhibiting a aiugular array of old ud 
e-looliiug houses of timber or stone, with galleries, sonlptiiMd 
, balconies, and porches of the most varied deiedp- 
on, in some cases tbe upper stories project over tbe foot-pat*- 
ent so BE to form covered arcades resenibllng those at Bemt n4 
}t aulilie the 'Bows' at Chesler. 

In the Place du Chatetet, to tlie left of tbe Rae Beaadrairis, U 
le leiOBrkable entrance-gateway of the CaitU, an imposing bten 
ediUce, dating mainly from tlie ld-16lh centnries. Tbe present m- 
nialiis consist of tbe ontecwall, strengthened with muchtcbaUtsd 
lowers, and of the massive dotjjon, lately rostored. Part of the inui~ 
'or has been converted Into a prison, hut visitors are admiUad V 
.lie rest on application to Ihij gate-keeper. The Fviilie JVufMoi ui 
Ulirary are BSiabtisbed in tbe donjon-tower. The castle bebiO'' 
V the Seigneurs de la TremoUle, whose moUo ('post tetiebn* spfn 
Jucem'), above tlio gateway, Is sttppoBeiW^ftUtVi'fcfc'u « 
■o the Reformed faith. 

Tbe Church of Nolrt-hamt^ \n xVe vi\,-?m ''^'V''^* 
Mufidil from the P1H1I3 -111 CUil'iWt Nvi V\ie "■•" • * '• 



'. RouU. 207 

> bandsoDie Uotliic ediflbc or tbe 16-16th cent., wUli a atona epira, 
tecenlly tsbaill, above tie crossing. On iLa onteide, lo the tight, ia 
» flns pulpit of the 16th oent., beating a aymbol of the Trinity, in 
the rorm of s head with three ficea. 

le TriplTiA it 

t lo Ibe ebnir, diting 



'f the I 

e liOl/-w, 

n tba LBd]' C 

The Rne da Notie-Dame leads to the Plact Marchlx, vi& various 
public buEldingB, beyond which are the Boslevard du Mail (see 
betov) and the Pfoee de la Halle, vrhich eontains several plutUTeaguu 
old ho'iGGS, with lean-to roofs and ODIsIde staircases. Here also 
stands a round tower, forming a relic of the old fortiflcaUoDS, The 
street to the left of the tower leads strsi;bt back to the station. 

We, however, follow the BauJeuani du Jtfojl, In order to view 
the town from Its most picturesque aide, where the Ramparts are 
still in existence. Turning to the left int« the I^omeaadt du Val, vo 
have a Que Tiew of the castle, a little heyond^whinh we regain the 

About 4 H. to Iha a. of VilTL', and 2'/« M. lo Iba N. ot AtsemrJ (|i, 308), 
Ir lbs OhatflSB dei Kaiheii, a muislun uf the IBtb sent., whers Hue. 
•!e atrlgne [requonlly leaifleil. It containi a gallary of porlralls of lliu 
ITib cut., iDCludiflg ui<^ of Hme. de a<^vlBn« by HlEntrd, and various 

S. — Aboul (Ji/j H. to 'the W.N.W. ofv^itri in fflonenofct, » 

sd elitteau7 

t tbe'lltb. 

Fatm ViTH» TO Posi 

ronsoB (Mont at. Michel) 
3 tT. Si) c). The train 



(farej Bfr. 85, 6 ft. 90, 

M.UE of Titrt (to the 

right), crosses the Vtlc 

,^"'^d"aio'l' ''"■"'""' 

iodf to tht S. 

UironBh Hie picturesque 

1 valley of Its affluent. 

- la M. cho- 

lillOn-tn.Vndllal,. T. 

> the left is a small 

Lake. 19'/, M. La B,lU-ii- 

I.aUri, the Junstton of 

a brancb-lioe to Mayes 

,ne (p. IBEi). 

S3 U. Fougerea iSI. 

, both in the 

iil^per part of 

.he lowa-, J. ta Oar,, 

lown of aO,73 

G Inhab., with 

large abae-maliiBe futoriea. pictureiquelr si 

1 tut ted on ttia smjill river 

.V„„f„„,l, .tmparOj-. 

1 and pussea»>s 

Lieo by Ihe^Bnglil"!, 

f I'lee Md i"?U9*^' 

aiege*. Pougtres vie also the iceno of iiDpoila 
d.^p war of^im. 

n( contests i 

iiriBg the Vbh- 

t of the town adjoinln 

:g lb.1 rallwa 

y^tUtlun given 

DO Mm of the plcturei 

lowe prope. 


title aide. The avenue 

Id the right, as we li 

save the Msti 

IbePlaMd-irniia. To 

(he left is the Place du Mareh*. wilh 

in [IB^I- TL" 

autae of OnunU H la 

BiiKiniH inoB-tmi), 


Bue Rsllier leads men 

ee to the Kue National 

lioiiBKi rescmbttBe tlioie 

atVllnSand, fenb«rc 

>n, Ihe mureh 

1 of SI. LvnofA 

tlMlth ™i.). »Uh a 

Ix largo (lalnllngi by Bug. Der&iU iJi4 * *iM-inQTi.'™i«u^ 
IB oppoilte direction the Rue "HattiBiaia "Vak^* ^^ NV^o!>.v, 

fi'r tSlU. — 7i _ _ _ _ 

ii/^S?^''""' *" ''»J» FourclABtte CleKl ta «* yort« ^^-.^"^^ 



8 Route 38. HLSSES. H tHi. 

It pleliiTMqqa when vlewod (rem Ihe oat«iile, ^ldA fonuds ■ ^oA 
w of Uia uppor luwa. A little larlhei on ii tbe OmrekfiJ 8t. Butpta, 

il., uoUloIue Hum WDad-utring af the 17lh'uidl8lb 
not dnonam, ■ kind of slut-plceE in nnUe On ictiaiiBl orTtbe S. a 
id ui ucIaBl Uaiaa at Uie Virgio. — Tbt Cattu, comnuiidlBglT liti 
s a nwkr bel^ nTUlooking the lona, daiu fram ibe IS-liitb i 

,-^, ^ » pUta«Bqqa , -„-,,- 

UeBmWd Iowbh. The ruiu ire now bein; leiiotMl. 

t bom Potutni to Bl. Silairi if. l£Tf. 
' ■ rt«7or-' 

town. ISVi a. ^Iradi (')alec aiDBei~), si the conflBBDce of the OfHiue 
4U>d tha Ohiuixhi. — IS K. fti»lwiiifl, jes p. 2)7. - Thence' lo JTml ^. 
J^cAtf, aee y. 327. 

ABUlber brumh-line rom truin Vitf^ Ig l»i/i M.) Uartigitt-Firelimi 
ti<e p. lU; for OhlleaabriiDl and Nanlu). The most Impartuit loter- 
nedUto aUlloDB are (7 H.) Ar^tulri, wllL a ehaieaa ol UiB IBili emi., 
31/1 M. to the S. of llie CUlMU dea lloeban (p. 301), and (1S<^ M.] Al 
i7iMrii*t-di-5ri{a«M, jl town iif 16IU inbab., with an Inteieiling coUe^>l« 
church, part of which dilea frum ihe 13ili centurjr. 

Beyond VltrA our line deecenda the ralley of the Vlliine, direif- 
Ing to Ihe left from the line to Pontorsan (see above), 'and puBing ' 
Ksveral amill stulions. — 332 M. Rennti (Ituffet). 

B«imM. — Eetela. •OntsD HcItb(,(P1. >i A, 3), Bne deU HouiuIbIT; ' 
ItSTit. D* FUHOB (PI. b| B, 3], No. 6 Id Uib Nunc street, R. 3>/rT, B. 1% 
dej, 3, 1). Si/i[T.i Go!CTiiiE!rrAi.(Fl,c;B,B}, KDed'OiianailloDBiuinfFl.d; 
A. B, SI, Qual Lamconala IT, newi Du fiuDT-nu-KonDE, Kue St.'Mielitl 
(Fl.B,!)) peBukt^hxb, oppoallB the railway -itatlou, K.H, B. >/•, d^-!. 
i>. 3i/i fr. L FuiBiEiT, same place tu Ihe rjglil, a pood acDund-rlaai heiut; 
nuB VonoKinw, Avenue fle la Gsro ao, nnprelendlng. 

Okfja. Ortaid Cajl, Caftdt France, ■B.aeieimojai.lti, ilia CctmU»^ 1 
C<^<! Oluclfr, d» FteWL at [lie theatre i de la Pali, >t the Falala da Gou- 
metee (p, 310) ■ Ju Pala-i, di r Europe, on the qua;. ~ Bramrit ita Ctt- 
d'Or, It iho (iMli of the iliestre. — Oafi-Coictrl it rAlsaiar, Kue Sn 
rhamp-JaoqusI (P1.B,J). 

Cabi. For course IVi, per br. I>/i fr, ; at ninlit I'(i and Vh ft- 
Eleotrle Tnmwmfa (all pagalng the Flact dt la XatTit; Pt. B, 9). 1. Ftam 
the StaNiM (PI. D, B) lo (he Aiutow-ff dt Fovgira (PI. D, {). 1. Ffdid Uw 
.4Emw dt In (l^nre (PI. D, 4) to the CimtlUri du ^unl (PI. B.'l]. 3. Ftoib 
II1U Acanna dt la rwr-iTAuiwinit (eomp. Fl. A, S) <o the Octnrl A Pari' 
(oomp. PI. D, 3], i. From the JfoM (PI. A, 3) lo the CnAr-Bt-HiHtT (co>»V 
PI. U, i). P«e« 10 0. from any lerminui to the Plana de U MatriB, !»«; 
beyond that polpl. — Dspibthiktii, TuanwiTS tciitnp. the Plan) lo ft* H'' 
m. Aubia-dii-Connler and (80 H.) Fmigini (p. aOT) an the H.E.i lo (23 5' 
n<li», on the a.W.) to (10 M.) aMUauglriM, on the S.E.'i'knd lo (lO "'' 
Jlidi and MMac-Morm'i (p. ISl), on Ihe N.B. 

Poit OfSae (PI. B, 3), at the Falala do Comneree. i 

United Btatei Oeaaular Agent, Jfoni. EtbcU F^lHurS. ' 

Rennei, the ancient capital of Brittany, and now tlie chief *^^ 

of the department of lUe ' tt -Vilaitu , the headynailecs ot "'' 

Xth Corps d'Armie, and the seat of an archbishop and ot a uni**'" 

sity, la a town of 69,030 inhab., Bitaated at the conBuenoe »' **" 

canallied IIU aud the Viiujne. Few trscea of ita ancient impor'^St) 

remain , as nearly the whole of the town was burned down in ****" 

by a conflagration that lasted for eeveu days, and aince then ic ''?' 

hten nbaUt on a regular and monotonoua plan. It his now 11*"° 

iiiila'try or commerce, and ItR epatVoos iv 

trolly ,luU, lifelfss, Jiiil dosaHeii. 


tllic Iribes luhiblllB;! 
... I (wliiDee OoMii) ud 

use 1 plBCd of lomc impDiUace noder tbe BomBDI. AI a Ulei dale 
elaiDul il« iDparUnce u tlie caplUl of the Sgchy of Brlllui;, dowo 
thfi time wlin tlie duchy p&xeed to Fruicfl fbrongli the mjLRfae« of 
le ofBHtUDT. Ant to Cliula VIII. In 1191. sod secoidlT lo LoolaXn. 
1199. Eann» wh one'of the caDlrur of Ihe Bepubllcim trmv In fbe 
■dun slmsijlt of ITEfl. 

A wflU-bnilt 'modera qnuter lies between the rsilwsy-itation 
i the town proper on the left banl of the Tilaine. To the left of 
I AiennejdelaGsreiB thespadDnsCAcrmp-ile-MarsfPl, C, 4),nith. 
1 departmenlBl War Monumint for 1870. At tha foot of the 
enae stands the Lycemn (fl, C, 3), sn imposing stmeture iu the 
le of the 17tb c«nt., with a bandsome ehapel. It occapies the 
? cr a Jeenit college, of vhich the only lelic now left is the Egliat 
t(iia(nIi~(Pl. 0, 3), a little behind the aniveisiey. Farther on, on 
I qnay , is the Palaii Univeriilaire , another imposing modem 
fiee, partly occnpied by the *1Iiu6b (PI. C, 3^, wblcb includes 
ioas Bcientific collections and one of the BnesI provincial piclore 
leiies In France (open ou Sqd. & ThaTB., from 12 to 4 or b, and 
strangers on other daye also). The principal entrance faces the 
*y, hot on the days when Ihe masenm is not open to the pablic 
enter by the baei. 

Gnund-Flosr. ~ SciiLFTCa^s, In the mlAdls and from right to lafl: 
rial. List fuiEndi Blmdua-d, Bathsbcba; FalmMri, Woman and pea- 
cv Longminl, ImmorlalitT; FalgMri, D[iub; Kit. (Mntm, Defaoec of 
CDantrr^ 10. BbUuou, Qeniui of Bvil; II. CaplUr, Rebe; Pich, Ouidu 
trezioi Bl. Ifaraanx, Vine; MIKI, OeorgB Band; InS. DsHmI, Magda- 
I Mirdl, David; £.™iJa. Spring. By Ihe walla, to the rigbl of Ihe en- 
ice^ ifuriicIM/K, CasU of Bgares from Ihelomb of Hme, da la Blbaliliie 
'arlgi Sarr^, Kutt Haedslea : (8. SoHh(, W^oa; S3. I.trnns, Noah; 44. 

; ^.FlertntiBtMatl 
, 1 arerhound: 34. Jf-j/iMclK. ColOMBl "" " 

'Db«1. HtSTOsi[u.iB. 

Pint Flsoi. — PiGTHKEt. The alairciee and Kaom I contain Entjrat^t 

neh worki: 964. 01. Jaofuani ,' Ike Coont of Oominges reco«nUin|. 
■iBidBi 38S. r. AbToliam, LandKapei ST8. if. Rev, Tho beggarf part. 
»oo«III. To therieht: 'Si. Dt OraytF. KaliTne of IbaCroiii M. fffor- 
■«, Msrtyrdom of St. lawrencpi 251, Firdimiad {of Bonnes), PrenEnla- 
i~of the'Virgin, — SOI (eairl), BoitOiorir, BBltingi 271. JtiaKiel. Chrlsl 
tto gardon-, 38. /ttcrf. St. Barburn 31. Bauiwii, Penalopej US. Por- 
»nm, Totila, Klne of the Oilrogoths, vliltine SL lOB. fa- 
■«l. Hoah'a Ark; iS. L. Cwacci, SI. PUlip; 104. Fan £mh( Terrestrial 
adlie; Bfi. Bt OTistr, tialtine of Laurus; 298. ITmnovtr , Vva-nTxt w^ 
<t; -la. ^oalta-M, DenfaJ of St.Pelei(3IH. fVeiith Schsol, S^. ■£&«.- 
'■»»*.(., Plelii its. SandTorl, Dnly Family, willi\a.iiiitftVi- — ®- " 
HrjiBoIr FmrnUy, -iUS. Jordamt, Ciuelllilou-, Vn. Hun*™**- ^'"■■! 
tjSB. M- Ptltr Zilp CbmlM I. &b a child aa4 ftia ^m\ rt Kt™> 
—ij PralltaS IloirBn; 81. Phitiv it ChamiH»*9n«, "P'sa^WJ^ 
iii Sniiiltrt, Lion and tiger iiunt-, *\B- P""" '*' 
» WortHem Prance. 8rd Edit. ^-^^ 



210 UouteSS. RENSE8. 

Peiasui ddlTBrliie Andrumedat 110. Lolli, Vf 
BelMorti, CcaclfiilnD; 184. OtnHm Bchinl, Stlll-Kfe. 

Booh IT. No. Ifc. IFoaaenviu, Horae-Wu Dfl _.... 

Vision of 8t. AntoDj; IfiO. Sieaaaill. Luidacspei 19. Ann. (Torroni, Beixise 
iTi EeTpl; IBT. Pourbas tM rnuniTT, ChsnoD, the tothort 293. KoiMOttr. 
Tue and flowera ; 396. £<ya<n, The Dew-boni child; UB. anfifefi.Waiuided 
dogi lis. acAwnKTdu, Lanlscspei Sll. Qumel, Forlnlti 25B. aisHldt Lor- 
raia, Landscupei 212. Aon Bosiagru, Children and hlrdi; 321. Oanuurm, 
DBBCructian nf a bridge (3 olber ptinllngi of IMi series farther an)) 263. 
CA. d> la FBHe, Ipbieen!&; 30. J. ds Anllaas, Flowers; Bi. Oviio Sati,n\, 
Assumplioni HI. B. ran fiuyrfntl (!), Landscipe} 133. P. Nafft Uu EMf, 
Interior; 87. llKtvm, LsndBCBpe) 806. Pouiiiii, Euino of 1 irinmnhtl 
arch. — .^■i(. Cdtpel, m Venus bringing BrffiB to finew, 240. Jnpjur ai 
Jonu upon Mt. Ida; SB2. FmE"o, Porlrldti IflS. ITtfnonU, L»ndir»|i(i; lii, 

ISa. If. isJi MierU.'hiij ut her toilette; leS. racial, Mao llatonliiE In >' 
woman who rolii him; 153. TttHer, lit Ymiaatr. TaTeroi 164. J. WOdaa. 
Landscape) 131. UgUnt, 
Tnunpatet end maid-ae 

Child, i „.. . _ ,„ .._ . . 

Calilee, ■ Incge pointing from the church af St. Qervsla, at Pariai 
Tti. Sraww, Topera In b bam; 99. ran Btrp, 'La TiBree au chatdannutl' 
(goldfinch); IS. J.tmiir fimJ, 13S. JTwelMron, Landieapea. — '161. Btmi- 
teril(7aa TanJ.St.LukepBlntlDg theTlreln.- BBnlptores: Baboii,¥lana' 
line ainesri Dilaplancha, Dancing and Vnals; Monau-VaiiOtier, Parlune. 

Boon V. No. S31. rrauA Sclitel, Ball at Iha conrt of (he Talols; bi> 
number, Lirt, Death of John ths Bapldat; 9M. CI. F^mm, SI. OathariBei 
316, 21T. CaBotm, 80. '7ilcie Brutghtl, Landacapes: no nnmber, ititlMt, 
Orpbena; U. L. Carraed, Martyrdom of St. Peter and of St. Panli 7». 
Xairun, Descent from the Ctoas; 298. S. Ccyptl, Resurrections 343. Du- 
puTlti, Wolf-lnnti as. L. Bauii^nt, The Wuman with an lasne of bloodi 
BB, KFi(cHtto, Kssaaore of the Innocents; 398. SalMri. 81. Stephen. 

Boom VI contains nothing of Importance. The door ot the atalr«*M 

Booh VII. Ko. 326 (above llie door), VMlaiM, Velleda; 233. CliitiftMn, 
Forest of Ponlaineblesn ; no nmnber, BaMr^o^M, Gifta of anlamn. — flSL 
Ooudir, Tanneguy-DucbUel eirrflng ulf the Dsnphjn (Oharlea Vlll.) froB 
Vinoennes to save bim from the atlaoki of the Unite of BurgnndJ (lUfB) 
•XO. auirii, Ulpeea eipu'ed to the wrath of Keptunei 2T6. Lmu^ir, Lui- 
scape. — sue. filiB (ot Reaae.'), Landacspe, m daUlmfl, eappho aat 
Phaon; 295. Sfoachal, Baiaar at Cairo-, no nnmber, Fenm-Fnrtit, SlMnlw 
nymphi 20T. Blin, LandSMpe ; 199. AM da Pujol, Naomi and BdUl 

The Saeond Floor la deToled to the Akohsulooiul Hdbidh, Mn- 

nhjecls fonnd' in the 'district', and Tarioui cUier antiqulliea. TEenue 

-'-- — -Fal BidBlings of the early lu"- - "--' '-•-'■ .-— ^ 

to Qlotlo, and a represenuti 
i« of AnjDU. A amBl) room ec 
At the end of the Qaai de I'UniTerGite', to the left, rises Ui« 
Chiunber of Commerce, n large stmetnie in the RenaiBsanoa style, 
uiily partly completed. In front is a Statue of Baitard, malie and 
benefactor of Rennes. 

The Pont de BerUn, to the right of the Qnai de rUntvetdU, and 
Ibe street forming its continQslion lead to the Place du Palaii 
(PI. B, C, 2, 3), one of the prinds^l O'e^fi ft'^iwa at t&a ttwn. It 
ctmUltts s fine fountain. 

On the N. side of this Place alinfts Aa ■Eil.a.Vt «*liMte«*^v 
- C, 2), or conrt-honse, the llnMt. 6ft™\M e^tift ^l^l*T^!jSB 
lln i6l8'64, by Jacques DoIjiobso, thew'A'iWt^til 'ft^'^^^W^™ 

tal. r.ENNF-S, Sfl. Ilovle. Sli^ 

for ths Patlement of MtUny. The eODiRwhst hciiy fB<;ade <b pie- 
ceded by atatUBB of D'Argenlre (1619-46), La Clialotsie (1701-86), 
Oerbiar (1726-88), and Tonllier (1762-1836), four aminenl lawyers 
of Brittany. Sever&l of the looms in th« Interior ace adorned witlj 
paintinge by Coypel, Jonvenet, GoBse, Jobe'-DiiTal, snd other well 
known artists. 

To ILb S.W. of the Plsce dw Palais lies tbe Place dc la Mnlrie 
(11.3,3), the tentreof thetiamwjiy-Byatem [p. 208), with the Hotel 
da Ville and the theatre. The HSUl d« VilU, rebuilt by Gabriel, the 
architect of Lonis XV., after the great flee of 1720 (p. 208), is in 
tbe form of a semicircle between two paTlliona and is eurmoonted 
by a tower ending in a bnlboiis dome. The TlifatYe (PI. B, C, S), 
dating from 1836, is also in a eemiGircnlai form, but presents its 
conTBi side to the Place. The facade is sunnonnted by flgorBa of 
Apollo and the Hnses. The colonnade sanonndlng the bnllding 
contains cafda and attractive shops. — To the N. of the HBtal da 
Ville ia tlie Lihrary, with 80,000 vola. und several intereating MSS. 

The street to the N. of the Hfitel de Ville leads to the church of 
St. SauoniT (PI. B, 3), an uninteresting building of the 18th cent., 
containing a canopied higk-altar, a handsome pulpit, a bas-iellef of 
the marriage of the Virgin (altar on the S.), statues of SS. Peter 
and PanI, good modern stained gUss, a few old paintings, and other 

A little farther on rises the Cathedral (PI. A, 3), a building of 
ancient foundation but dating in its present form maiuly from the 
19tb century. The fai;.adeiE in the classical style. The interior, which 
i« scarcely ecclesiastical in style, is richly adorned with paintings by 
Le HiSnaff and Job^-Duval. The last chapel in the 5. aiale contains 
a fine altar-piece, in carved and painted weod, oiecuted in the 
16th century. In the N. arm of the transept is a monnment, by 
Valentin, erected in 1889 to Cardinal St. Marc (1803-78). 

In the lane opposite the cathedral rises the Porte Mordclaise 
(CI. A, 3], an Interesting relic of the medlieyal fortifications of the 
town (16tb cent.), surrounded by old bansee. Through thla gate the 
Drikea of Brittany and Bishops of Rennes made their formal entries 
into the town. 

A lilUB to tbo righl, fiirllier oa, Is Ihe Vharck ef "r. Slephen (Fl' A, 1), 
of the ITth cent., anitaioing BeToral slalucs hy Sun-1, atafned-eU«a wln- 

Vb now foUow the Rue de la Monnale (PI. A, 3, B, 2), towards 
the E. The fourth turning on the left brings us to a small square 
with ■ bronze atatae, by Doiiiet, of Ltperdrit, maire of fiennea dur- 
ing the Terror, who had the courage to resist the ferocious Carrier 
(p. 246). Farther to the N. Js the large u.ofio\s\»e4 moie.xv.G'iW^iw 
cboreb afJ¥i!ir^D(nne-dir-Bonne-liottotlle (■p\.'B,1"^,'MV6Qt<iCBa'^^^* 
St. Melaine leadu to the E. to the cbuich Ol^So-'-'^ 

m»r ,armoanteil by a modern stalwe ot tbftN\TEv^- "^^^ ^ 



212 Hauls --'a. KENNK.S, ^^^ 

o'bjecta of interest in (be interior are the handHOBie manament by 
V»l8ntin [near the entiatice), the Gothio bigh-allar, ind the choir 
sureen in caived wood, all modem. 

A little fortbBT on, to the right, Is tba Th&liac (PI. D, 2). pad of Uie 
eantan of the rormer Abbey de St. UaUiae, and now the chlBf i^pan-^r 
retort of BeDDES^ It I9 embeUlehed nith a Beutii of Liberty and wtlh a 
slAtue of Dugueiclin, >vlio was bnra neu Eennei Id 1311 or 1390. On tba 
E. tbli piameiiade is adjaiii«d br the JarUa du Flantai (PI. D,3), which 

From the Place St. Uelaine we retnrn by the Oontoai de la Motte, 
passing the modem Chaptite da MUsionaira, the PrifeeluTt^ anil 
the Mol!£ , a promeDade npoD an ancient moat-hlll. The Rne Vlctot' 
lingo leads thence to the Tight to tKe Place du Palais, while the 
Rue Gambetta descends straight to the Viiaine, which It teaches 
beside tbe VnivertUi (?1. C, D, 3), a handsome new stone building. 
On the opposite bank'begins the Avenne de la Gare (p. 209), 

A valk may be Uken, on the left bank of (he Vllalue, to (ha Chateau 
di III Frtialate, famaas fui it3 butter (3 If. to the B.E. of Bennes). 

From Beane! to fi(. Mulo, Mont fil. Midul, Dlnan, eto., lee E. 30. — 
A braotli-line alao tooa to 08 M.) Chauaatrimil (ten p. S9l; for Angerj), 
ioinlng the line from Vilr^ fp. 208) M (39 H.) yarlignl-Firchaai. About 
1 », to the N.B. of the alation of 01 M.) Ritier, lies Eiil, with a large 
ilalmen or 'All^e GouieTle' nuned the BBiihi atix fill. 

FioM BasBEB TO BiDos, Ui/i M., railwi; in l'/t-3'/t '^»- (fi»s 8 fr. 5, 
6 fr. U, 3 fp. BB c.). — The valley of the Tilaint, which this Une followi 
more or leiB all the way to BeAoo, crossing rcpg&lBdl; From one bank to 
the other, affords cumeroaa pictureaqne yitws of wooded hills and rocky 
aoaoled by cistlea and chilea.ix. — At (33 M.) JAnnn oor 

line is ioined-brfone from Chiteauhrimt (p. 234), 
to PloSrmelfp.a'Ji' " ■"-- ' 

70 ft. high and travBTS 
mnnai '/a m. long. 0173 a, nette. xue \raia passea thtough a mar! 
diatrict, crogsiog the Lac it Mcrin. At (36 H.) Itaiitrac we join (he 1 
" 1 Chiteai" " - - - ■ _ . . . 


the railway lo Names. — «Vj M. K<J0", nee p. 3B3. 

29. Fiom Rennea (Paris) to Brest, 

ISS M. Bailwai la^B'/i-T/s hra. (faros 33 fr. lC|c., la fr., 13 fr. 10 c.l. 
The ancient duchy of Brelo^iu or Brittany, 'pays da granit, recouTert 

many Important respects frnm the rest of tlie connlry. The InhabitanlJ 
are of pnn Ci^tie race anil theii natJre tongue is akin Id Walili. In 
upper or B. Brittany this langnago hM to a great eiteot glren place 10 
French, bnt upwards of a million iniabitants in the W. pruriBOBS (Fin- 
Ist^B, CHles du Nurd, UDrhihan) still speak it, and in many places In the 

pietnreique dress, wbicb is seen la greatest Judrantagea on Sundays and at 
'Pardons^ and other fStes. Han; of their manners and cueloma are also 

every tarn. In'addllloa to its wild scenery, Brittany offers (he tn<eller 

Bennn, see p. 208. On leaving Rennea, out line diierges to (he 
right from those to Ch ate anb riant and Redon fsee ahove), and crosses 
tbe Vilaiae. To the right iviM lUt. Uue to Si.. Milo (R. 30). — 
13'/.; M. ITontfort-Bur-Keu (Chei'dl lilanc), 1 '— =™* 


a tower of tbe ibth uBJit. and. other relics of ite former CortlBcatlonB. 
'2U M. Montaaban-de-Bretagne (CoenieT), n'ith t chateau of tbe 
14-16tb eenturiee. 23 M. La Brohiniirt. 

A bnii.tli-liB.1 runi hence to lifi M.) Plofrmtl (p. aSl), wbare it meeW 
p, Ijranoli from (JiuHteTniert, on tbe railway from NbdIcb lo Brest (p. SH). — 
Branch tb OiBon, aeo p. 282, 

Tbe train ascends tbe Tellcy of tlie Qanm end ccosses tbe Raiue. 
287i M. Cntiincs; 33'/.; M. Broons; 40 M. Plenet-Jugon. 

60 M. Lamballs (Hotel de France; dv Commercei, a town with 
4530 iaheb., is pictareeqaely sitneted lo tbe rigbt of the railway, 
on a, hill crowned by tbe Chateh of Notrt-Dame, a handsome and 
interesting edifice of tbe 13-t5tii centuries, Notre-Dime was orig- 
inally tbe cbapel of tbe castle of the Gomtes de Fentbi^irs, which 
was destroyed by Card. Bicbelieu in 162£. It was In besieging tble 
cattle in 1590 that La Moae, the 'Bayard of the Huguenots', met 
Ills death. A subnib of Lainballe containE the interesting church of 
.51. Martin, dating mainly from tbe 11th and 12th centuries. — Tbe 
name ofLamballe is, perhaps, most familiar from its connection 
with tbe Princess LambalU, tbe unhappy favoutite of Marie An- 
toinette, one of the victims of the atrocious msssacies of Sep- 
tombet, 1792. 

A dillgaocB ;li6s from Luuballi lo Ls Til Andri (eraid HHUli d> In 
Plagt, etc.), a ■uull sca-bitbing jilaee 9y> H. to the H,, sUBlng (7'/i "0 
Ibe vlllueornnn/. — Eiqny (JTdl. d!i £a<tu;, DV> *<' 1" the H.E., aoatlitr 
bathlne-KBon, la alaa served by a dUlgence (13 M. l^om Lambille). Caps 
Fi^hel (p. IHl) Is 11 U. dlilanl. 

Ad omnibus (fare 1^. tr.) runs from Lamballe to MiintosDtsiiT, a small 
tuffn 10 H. 10 the 9.W., the parlih-clinrcb of which (Bl. IfatliuHn-i) Is u 

WliilmondR.j, Btlrnoling Breal oroBi 

From Lunballc to Diim, Fo-ilo 

07 M. Tffiniac. The train n 
and viaduct (126 ft. high). 

63 M. St. Brieuo. - Hooaa. 
VIrS, D. S 4 fr. ; di I-Dbivebs, E. 2-8, B. 1, di^j. a 

B. S'Afl, B. 1, a«j. SVn, D. a fr. 1 Cb01I-Bi,*SCHI, wjuimoni^, «.., ^., .^ ... 

from 31/1 fr. — OtJit. JovhauiT, Bue St. QuUluumei Chanai di J/ori, Place 
du Cbsmp-de-HBTBi ITnfwi, neBr the Ihealre. - Oahi. Per drire,2 pers.lVi, 
3-i pen. IVi fr. i P« hr. 2 fr., at night [S-T] i/t ""d '/. tr. eilra. 

SI. Brieuc, a tOWD with 21,665 Inbab., the capital of the I)6parU- 
TiienI dee Cfitei-du-Nord and the seat of a bishop, is situated on tliu 
left bank of the Otmit, about 1 M. above the point where it flows 
into tbe MoncAc. The town sprang into esistence round a monastery 
fODndod here at the end of tbe 6tb cent, by St. Brieuc, a missionary 
from Britain. Though ill built, With itieeuVat sWfcfcVi, %^..■?.■t^fc■a••. 
cnntaina maay qmJnt aod ^iotuxfisi^Ud old ^ouaBft. 

following Sral tba Bae de I& Gara oppodle tli8 5^.M.vo^, ""^^^ ^^'''^ 
**«««« do Cj-orfe (to tbe right), we eoon react ftia Cham¥-i«-»™^ 
^m«'^ ^o>i„-^ni /■orh'iTO-T I , h, Og*, * uaaic o^ ■^^^"'^^ 




^\ A Route 29. ST. RRIEDC. From Bennei ^^ 

On tha otlier aide, to tliB ilglit, is o, boule«ard with a Slalue of 
BugueicUn; to the left alanda the church of St. GuiUaajnt, dating 
origln&lly fioDi the 13(h cent,, but lehiiilt in 1854. Tlia fltet turning 
to the right in the Rue St. euUlaume leads to the Qrandt Frome- 
naile, containing the Palais de Juitice, In the neighbouring quarter 
is the modem chucuh of 8l. Michel, in the classical style. The street 
opposite this church, and the Rue Jouallan lead to the Harch^ au 
BM, with the Theatre. Thence de Rue des Halles, to the right, leads 
past the end <tt the Rue des PaTfis-Reufe, No. 4 in which is the 
HHel it Rohart, one of the most interesting old mansiona in the town 
[15th cent.). Farther on in the same direction rises the Cathtdral, 
an unimposing edifice of the 13'15th and 13tb cent., containing 
numerous monuments. Many of these are erected to the bishops of 
St. Brieuc, including three hy Ogf (^. aUle and transept). The 
H6tel de Viiie, adjoining the cathedral, contains a small Mustfe, open 
on Sun. and Thnrs., 2-4 p.m. ; in front of the building is a bronze 
Statm of P. Corhion, hy Ogi. Opposite the cathedral is the Pri- 
/'ceturi, which is adjoined by the Biiliop'i Palate, dating partly from 
the 16th century. The street passing to the left of the latter lead.° 
to Natrt-Dame-d'Eipfrane.e or St. Pierre, another 13th cent, church, 
recently rebuilt. It is resorted to hy pilgrims and contains a Calvary. 
'I'he cross-street to the left brings us back to the Champ- de-Mars, 
Goad Tiena ot Uie piituTCique ravine of Ibe Oanei and of Iha Bay of 
St. Brieuc are obtained Fcom Iha Crcir it Saiill, to the N.E. of tlie 

of It "" - ' - ~ - 

THe uort of St. Brleuo IB lA Lieiil, I H. to Ibe H. (rallxai). About H/iH. 
fartlier on stands tb« ruinad Tow da Ceuoi, buiU Id I38& lo PruteeC Ihn 
uiuiiia of tha river, but bb.wn up by Henry of N«arrB In 1086. 

FaoH Br. Bmaua TO Bisid.Portriiui, «>io St. Quit. 13'Ai ».. dillEence 
daiii (fart S fr., lo Binie IV. fr-1. — I X. , 
— Vl'i M. Binio (Bt Stilofni: de Franct), a preltil 
.ea-balhtng roaort, with a (maJl barbuur for boat e 

''- '-• ' IK. Bli.Onixl'i i. nrdde. 
pr^ltU; ntaated little town and 
'■--U engaged in Uie ood-Oibery. 
— ••n.. ^..u.v„. v^. i... .uti'i •— lun-, Elv.i, d viJlaga Villi ■ goadbarbOBi 
of retoge, alao (requonled tor aea-batbing. On lUe Sonday nearest the 
llrst dnod-tile iu May (he nsbing-fleet of tbe Eny of SI. BiJeao (witb 
about lOfX) men) eels sail bence ff>r the Newfoandland Bghing-banka. — 
i2i/i H. 8t. ftnay (lodglDg at tbe Cmmntl, a npall (own and eea-balliiDe 
place affeotsd by tbe Frencb clei«y. — Beyond 81. Quay tbe roid goel on 
to (16 U.) Pttimpol (p. 316), pasalug (4 U.) Phuha, IS «■) la»lovp, H.) 
limbec, dV. M.) X^.-ily, and tbii ("(. M.) flnelj-sKualed ruini of the Atbayl 
de Biaaport (lS-15tb cent.: do admieslon). 

FaoM St. Baisnu to Adkai, 76 H., railway id 6 brs. (fireg about 14 [r' 
ib, a f[. T6, e fr. Sic). — D H. Bl. JuKat, aboul 1 H. to Iba N.B. oi 
wbiiili i9 tbs Canyi di iVnoi, as ancieat iltriSed tort. — 12 M. QvinKn 
pa Couiinerca; Grand' Uaison), pfctureiquely sltnatad on the Oimn, it 
nuled for i(a mannftcture of tollej ds SnCaene', a natllcular kind of 
liuen Glatb. The chileau was baUt In tbe IT-lBlH eenturiea. DIKEenco 
ply bence vli lUHliH.) Cortat (o (SS H.) floUnnm. — US. l.a nucoDlaina 
Iron-worki. Tbe Wood of Lorget itBi tbe CMUaa of Lurgmto Ibe left) are 
pused. — 31 H. Loadiae, another clolb-manufacluring tnirn, givea nime 
lo B fareit, 11 aq. If. In exlent. The railway nan croaaaa the Otut and tbe 
canal fnun BrMI lo NanlBB. - SB M, SI. <if.y<uii. 

ir, M. Pontivj (Haiel armiil! di Frniir<), a \"«ntiW\,'fl»\T)aii\.., <.n 

midat of ttaoBs porta of BrlllaDf molt loi^l to tbe liouae of Bourbon, imd In 
180D Napoleon ordsred Ibfl ereoKon of ■ new town, la oveiawi thBilIitiicl. 
Tbii idaillun, kDown u SapoiltaalUi and conlistlng mainly or bimcks, 

Tbe old town Bontaini lome ODDiideraMe remalni of a Chilian at Ihe 
irUb cent,, son eont&iuing Ibe Umtt U Brtami, and the elinrali uf 
Hatri-Damt-it-ia-Jsit, tit the aune peiiod. A itatue (by L^ofanli) of Dr. 
Ouiplm (18CB-T8), an ardenl damocrit, stands In tbe Place EgaliMi iooihor 
(by the Oomte de Nageal) of aanaral dt Lounntl (d. 186S at e^nbaalDpol) 
in Iha Place d'Armea. — A diligeooB pliea bonto to (13 M.J Qvlmtai-mir- 
.lairff via (1>/. S.) Aioa), with tbe 16tli cent, CAtniUg St. UMaiK. 

ol>/: U. et-fflaolat-dH-Eaux bat a IBtb cent. eba>pel of St. IfieodBiia, 
wbicb la ajioBiilIy vlailel b; many pilgrinia. On (be day of Iha 'Pardon' 
{tbe firgl Set. !n Aug.) tbe utile of tbe nelgbbanrbood, gaily adorned nitb 
ribanda, are driien to two fouDUioa neai tbe cbap^l, wbich are auppoaed to 

afterwarda aold by anctlDn, Ibe popnUr belief being ibat one of tbem in a 
bcrd brlsga prosperity. — Beyond two abort tannela la tbe (UBH.) atation 
uf Baud, Tbs amatl lonu uf that dbub Ilea 3 U. U lbs E. At Ibe mined 
rblleao el QMiaipily, abani 1 U. fiom Baud, la tbe curioua 'Venua' orQnin- 
ipily, a rude atone atatuB, formerly worahipped by the jeaaantry with obacene 
ritca. Tbe ilgnre, which ia of granile, ia about 7 ti. bigb, and on the lillel 
about the head are the lettera 1 1 T. The origin or moaoing of Ihe Watue 

utUera it ha.i an Egyptian appeirajice. — Tbe train now ItaYeriea tbe Ftrtst 
ef Oarmri and reechea 02 »■) Pl«*isilir. The town, with 6160 inbab., Ilea 
'?* M. to Ibe left. We join the line from Breat lo Nenlea. — TO M. J«f oy, 
see p. 396. 

Beyond St, Brlenc the trsin croaaes tho y&lley of the Gouet by 
a Viadnct, 190 ft. higb. — 69'/s M. Plouvan-Plimtaf. — 74 M, 
i:h'iit\.au.iitea. The Tillage, '/s H' to the N., has a chapel containing 
panBlUng paintud in the 15lh cent, witi T2 Biblical snhjscts. 

U noted focits chut cho{WD(re-Z)ame-de-Bon-Secour3(_13-16lh cent,), 
one oUthe chief pilgrim -re sorts in Britte,ny. The 'Paidon' takes place 
on the Sat. before the flrat Sun. in July, and presents a moat interest- 
ing epectacle. Gain gamp also contains aflnefounl'iin, recoiiBtrncted 
ill the style of tiie 15th century. The Gothic chapel at GtHcti, a 
TiUage I'/t M. lo the W., dates from loOT-'il and contains soBi! 
noteworthy ecolptures. 

FaoBCoiiouir tu CaHuail ahd BusruBUKS, e4ViM., rsUwQV in 1'/'- 
5 bra. (fares about 11 fr, 66, 7 ft. SO, 6 ft. 10 «.). Tbla line peaeirales llie 
heart of flawc - ilreta^M , a sombre district, comparatively unknown td 
loarlsti, and inhabited by a highly anpersliHoos people, with many enrlous 
enaioma. — Coadu', a village about halfway between Buingamp and (T H.) 
itoutttTui'BovTMw:, the Brit atatiun, is noted Cor its 'Pardon dca Gona' 
flat Snn. In Advent), so called from ihe cosks (aoinetimes 6-700} iireaeoted 
toSt. Udut. — 13 U. /'ml-ifilaai 3Vi H. to theS, of whleb la ^la^i>!IM^ln, 
nlUk u interealing oburcb (IB-ietb cent.) and ■ 'nardua' on Sept. Sth. - 
»)l^ ». CtiOaT (Saffi Inbab.), noleil for Ita cattle-faira. - SSi/i H. Cirbaii 
' "'"' ~ ...... .1.—. _ .. ling pissea tbe E. Eiiremlt^ "f 


— StM. i 


hatn oC giuauua\a (UTAV<vi,wi<^ivi\ 
ligence tIb Lb Fairart ta On\ni^«Afe ^s- '«i^• 
-fli'/aM- Re'poi'd*^ tP-™^- . IS,. -A 
y croBaea llkii Trioujc, eaeac^ -itus"'- 


'2\Q Roalc29. MOBLAIX, t>on> SeM^^M 

line, and oacesda towudi Urn H. — Beyond (9V> UO ''"we "e rehus la 
(be v»lley"o( tha Trloni and ikirt thB.river. — 13 H, nm(rtnH(H8t. ds U 
Orsade-Sslioni deFriace), a Tillage with a imill hotbonr, dd tlw Trteqi. 
From Pnnlrieui to Trteaier, lee below. — 19i;« M. Kwiriifl-Wtardrtow. 
L<!ixFdTleui^(H6t. do Cominerce), on the left hank (reulied by ■ luipeDfloB 
bridge), is another email port. —2a M, Vnimjml {Gntepieli Jfielitl). aaniill 
(own, hat a harbour al the end o( a bay. which i« of imporlsnce aa a {OBtte 
fur tiieFrenDh bosli engaged in tbe cud-QtheFy uff Nenfoiodlaod and tee- 
Innd. — Aboot & XL. to the H., i'lt H.ioir the coast, Is the III Brthat ^dleli; 
aaarbalhs], offering a good harbour of refuse, large enough for men-of-war 
(boat from the PuinU At FArcouil, 2b c.]. Aboat H M. to the 8., and 1 K. to 
the S. of the direct road ta SI. iriait (see p. 313^ lg (be Ttmpli de Lemltg, 
an inUresling circulu church, (ormerly looked upon aji a heathen ttrapla 
and probably erected b; the Templars In tha ISth cantarr. ~ A pablU 
oonTevanoB &i fr.) piles from Fafuipol to OUi/i K.) Laantim (i«e belowl 
via O M.I L^aardrieai (see abore) and (B'/t U.) Tr^goier (see belo»). — 
Koad to EL QiuT tIiL Klrilv and the AUbats dc BisafoH, ko p. 211. 

A dUfgenca (5 fr.) plies frnm Pontrieui (aeo above) 10 W/i M.) IVJ^viir, 
vil (31/] K.) Pleliai, near (be corifma 15th cent. ChSllou de la EtcA^Jsfu. 
(I'/tH.) AwunerilVnud^, and {b'/a V..) la aiichi-DtiTiin, a lillage with aa 
InlereiUng ohutch and a ruined CDIlle. — Si/z M. Ir^iBltr (Oraad Httdi 
diFrana), s picturesque Gsbing-town, lies partly on (he billi al the eon- 
Haenee of the two streams that unite lo form Ibe Trifuitf. The OaUadHI 
(il-l&lh cent.), with three towers over the transepts, contains the laigo 
tooib of m. Yva (lara-iaifi), pBtronsaiil of advocates, restored la 1890. 

Eraelt BenaV (traa-M) WM'°bom'a*Tra™io*r'! '-""licence " Faia^ tai 

Tha lallway skiits Qningamp, affording a pretty view of the en' 
vitons. 91 M. BeUe-IiU-Bigard. — 98 M. Flouarti (Hoi. Bocher). 

l-BOM Plouibbt to LiBBioK, 10 B., railway in 30-35 mln. (O^ea 3 fr., 
1 fr. 35, 90 c.). — Lannlon (Hiiti d'EitrBpt; dt Prmu), a town with 6120 
inhah. and a small llsUng harbour, ii iltua(ed on the Ligvtr. In the fimy 
valla; of this river, which deaervei a viiit, are (he ruins of the O'/a M.t 
Olidlmi dt OellfrK, the BenaissancaCAaiwIit/JOr/Diii (3-2i/iH. farther), Ae 
OhOUaa of SerffUl (3 H. farther), and the mined CheUaii of Taaquidtr, 3 M. 
beyond Keitoni. 

A dlllgenee (79 c.) pliei from Lannlon lo (8 H.) Ferraa-Buiiec (ffU. da 
Ltvanl: du BaiHi), a small port with two balhlng- beaches, iff. those of 
Tralraou (Hilt, de la Plage, pnna. 6-8 fr.; Orand Bittel dea Bains) and 
IVej|W;»il (Qrand Hdlel de Perroa-Guinec. upened in iSBT}. I'henec wB 
niLY villi the ourioua rochs of Heumafluc'* (8 fa. tu lie S.W.) and Treiulel 
a'/i V. farther W,), Tregutel (CoBMHinauU di SU. Anae, kept by piUU, 
vans. M fr.i sei. di Jo Plage, small) ii snolher bathing-reiorl. also amvei 

slructore of the 151h century. — A diligence pliee from Plonn^rin lo [T/i M.J 
Pleatin-lea-Or4™» (Ormd' Maiien), a EatblnB-resorl (8B0O Inhah.), B M. from 
ivblch Is Looqulrao (SHI. da Baiot: du Perl), another resort of Iha sane 
kind. ai. Jiaa-iu-Dalg! lies 8M. lo the W. of LocQuirto (see p. 218). 

To the laft of the railway, farther oa, lias the village at Plouigat- 

Moyttm, near whith Ib the rude chapel of St. Laurmt-du-FaUour, • 

frei/uented pilgiim-KSvA OD tttQ uigbt of Aug, 9-lOth, when roaoir 

curious taperstitioas ritea are pettoimaft, — \Vilft. Plmtisiw-nu."^* 

voBs fbti lofty Viaduct of Mortal)! (.be* -b-IVTi. , 

liSM. Motlaix(R6tH deVEui-ope; i« P^^"™*' ^^J*^ 
"" with 1I},000 iiil.ab., vicWve».iue\-i AV-a^wi o^v » ^»aA^ 


^■IHUP ROSCOFF. S9. RovU. 217 

about 1 H. frDm tbe English Cbannel. The Kue Oimbetta describes n 
conddBiabie curve in deecending fioni the station ; h tlight of sl«pB 
to the left offers t, iboiter route for pedestrians. At the end is thi 
Ji6tel de VUU, In front of whinh is the Place ThiBts, with » btoniu 
Biuf af Comie-Dtehint [1731-1809), a famoas eotsalc of Moriaii, 
Ly Lud. Dutand (to be removart to a new arch beyond tbe viaduct). 
Between ibis Place and tho barboar is the 'Viaduct, 310 yds. long 
and i90ft.liieh, with abridge for foot-pasaengBts below tha railway. 

Tbe Harbour Lb formed hy the Jarlol and the Qucfpeul, which 
unite in s vaulted channel beneath the HStel de Viile to form tbe 
liioiirc de Morlaix. MorUii carries on an active trade with the N. 
of Europe in grain, oil-seedB, vegetables, bntter, honey, wax, leather, 
hocsea, etc. The large building U) the loft uf tbe wet dock is a To- 
liacco Manufactory. 

On Uio quiy to Iho right of the same duck is thf Fanlalnt du Ain/trui, 
marking the gp»l wlieie WD EagliaLm^D were auipiiaed n!leep aad slain 
aflor an allwk on Morlsii by Henri Vlll. (10J3). 

The church of SI. Milaine, near the Place Thiers, dales chiefly 
from the 15th cent.; tbe carvings an the fonts, organ-case, and 
•aulting should be noticed. The eld strcBts behind the Hfital de 
VUle contain q^naint old bonses, with interesting interiors, - — Farther ^^_ 
on is Si. Matkieu (16tb cent.), with a masalTo tower. ^H 

In the Place dcs Jacobins, on tlie other side of the Jarlot, Is an ^^M 
old convent-cbnrch(with two ilnc i^lndows) now containing iheMiuit ^^U 
(,Son. and Tbnrs., 1-4, free ; other days 26 c). — The qnalnt costume ^H 
of the peasants is seen at Morlaix to advantage on market-days. 

Fboh lloni.iix TO KosaoFF, iVliO.., ralloay in EO-fiB min. (far^a 8 1'. 15, 

2 fr. 10, 1 fr. 10 e.}. — Beyunil (BVi K.) TaaU-fftnrle we cto.-i the Paufz 
liy meant of a viaducl, 1(W ft. in heiahl. 10<J, M, i-Ipu*™.,. — 13i/i K. St. Pol- 
de-Mon_^fMla:d(ftoiiMj, a WWBwithldiMin^^ frum the «eii, 

IwT WDrU of srl. BUU more 
Interflilfog, however, i. the •OAbpsIIj J« Cr§iittr^ chiefly i4lli and lOlU cent. 

built by an EDgllah archlMct. The cemetery cooUliu QolUc oMuarles Bud 
a. ctiDTcb of the 15tb csntury. — IVk U. Bsacoff (lieitl dii Saiii-dfUtri 
Talabardmi dt la Uaiton-BfaMU) . a town with 1730 Inhab. and s ImaU 
buboar, cairiu on a trade In the Tegetables which eiow io the neliihboDi- 
liuod. The OulT Stream !• lald ta contrlhuto lo the fantlity of thli dlatrict. 
Mary, Quean ol Scati, landed here in 1S19, at the age of live, on her way 
lo hebelrothed to theDaupMnFcands. Prince Charlei Edward Stuart alEW 
]sniled here after eicaping [lom Scotland. — Ahout Wi X- off the cool 
liia the nmuU JH de Bail (H31. Kabinian), inhabited by mariners. 

FaoKHDHLiu to Cl,uiiu, SOU,, r^dlvny in 2-3i/] hri. (farea 6 fr. fiO, 

3 fr. TO, a fr. ID c.|. - Beyond tO'/j M.) PleummcHi-PlMnn the line crouei 
the MtMlagna d- Arris (IfflO ft.), the prinoipal chain la Brittany. — SO'/i H. 
BDeltaat-Loemaila. Buelftat (HOt. Hb BrBtngne; de ¥t«iaB\ \» TfAMKwJi. 
3>/t X. froni the lUllxn (halat-umn. V/t fc.) aeai k U^s *.d& & «d<A'A 
va«e.r /d Tii/BD ii a bage rocklne-stone ('rochet WemWrnii;^. '^^s ^^™ 

(Mib ixaij has junie iulerealiag wiJOd-carYinea. fctau^ V-\i^. Vo '^'»''°., "t 

218 Haute 29. ST. THfiOONNEC. 

3U32 uihab. and two old churches, Is tlie blrlhpUce of Ln Toar-d'ABT«na, 
Ihs lirit grenullei of PranM' (ITlS-laOO). A bmnch-llneWDiu htnn M 
lISi^ K.J KAdrmn, wbcnce i diligence pUei Tlii (10 U.) ffsorw W (10 X.| 
J^iid«ie(p, 914), — From CaibaiK to Oulaiamp fi btSomtrdta, m* 0.316. 
Other iotereittng eicnrflioas may be made frum Horlui to Hf/, M.) 
Carailee (an. 13-lfi fr.)l to 81. TMotmei: nnd aimiUau (cur. 12ri,}i and 
lu {lOM.J Bt Jaao-flo-Dciit {HSI. SI. Jem), the church of wWcb tlMBlh en ' ■ 

n&QiEaieil cajkel olUii 
ardon' lakes place on 8l. ." " " 
M m^v be coDTenleti 
I 10 fll'/. M) ^wi 

■ gold a 

, __• liespl . ._ . . 

DTenleatly csached by means of the diligence (1 (r.) fr 

114 M. Pleyher-Christ. — 119 M. St. TMKonnea (HHtl Ftnrl. 
'I'ha town (3073 iahab.], 1^4 M, to the N., has a bindeome Ranali- 
ennce chnicb. In the cbnrchyurd are a cuiions triampbal aioh and 
aa ossuaif of the sa.nie epacb, n 'CalTary', and a Holy ^^epulchcs, — 
Tho Una now crosses the Pentts by a viaduct 100 ft. higb. The Tillage 
of Oimiiiau, to the light, containe one of the most carioas 'CalTiries 
in Brittany, adoraed with statues and atatuettes [1581). — 12j H. 
Ltuidivlaian (Hot. de flnduilrit) is a small indnstiial town (4240 
inbab.], 1^4 M. to the M. of the railway. 

About Sifi H. to the N.W. Ilea Bodilli, wllh a Uuitefiil Ueoidiuacl 
chuich, and i'li M. farther on, to the left of the road, are tbs lolareiaif 
ruini of the CIHUerm o/ Eirjaa« (IBth cent.). — About D H. to the V.S. !• 
Lambadsr, wilb a pllerluiaue-cbapel of the Uth cant., beyond which in 
l'/,M.) «««»r« and flv*?) the CMlc^ «/ W™«rrf (ITlh caM.). 

We now descend the lailey of the Elotn. — 140 M. La RoAi, 
21/2 M. to the S.E. of which is La Martyrt, a viUsge with s hand- 
some chnrcb (lo-16th ctot.], ami a noted horse-faii in July. 

1431/3 lU- LuLdemean (Bu/fel; *B6tel de fJlnivcn; AuouW, 
the junction of the Nantes line {&. M\ is a eloth-manufactarlnf 
town with 8038 inhabitants. It eontiins two ehurchea of tlie IGit 
eant., one dedicated (0 SI. Thomas of Canterbury, and a mudisTil 
bridge uiiobs the Elom. 

Fbo« I.A!(Din»tnr TO PtouKSOtB-TnBH, IVh »■, railway in li/.-l'J.»'. 
(hree 3 fr. Ifi, 1 fr. (Dc.). lU »■ ^e Folg««t ia a pllgriin-iesort. oilb ■ 
eurlOH* CHurcA of Iha lath ceol., cODtaining a handiome 'Ouod-loft of IM 
•aoe period. lOi/, Uiunrn {mt. daPraneet Troia-PmerB), a email toin 
(U88 Inbab.). i7>/i ■. Plo^nlovr-Tm (3900 Inbab.), near which >i 5Wraww 
(lloteli), a nnall lea-batlilDg reiorl. 

The railway continues to follow the valley of the Elorn and 
triTBrses a forest. To the left is the Amt de Kerhtion, ■ small bV 
crossed by a lofty viaduct aad containing the ciiief timber depot of 
the French navy. — 150 M. Ke^unn. 

A ferry (10 c] here crossee the Elgrn to Lc Fauagi. 
aaceodi to (I'/t U.) PlcuEaital (B6t. Sb-ccBq), a >illa«e 
•luaint coilnmea of [U InhabJtaDte, and fur the 'Fardou' of £ 
lakei nlaee od June 3Uh. The cemetery conUiu a curiot 
>f im-Oi, erabemihod with 

Dlllgeace (1 ft.) daily to 11.) Dooulcu l.?. Wft', i^w 
I.S PaatMge on Jnna !j4lh &nd Ban. In BwamcT. 

162t/i M. £e RoJy ia also silnattl oft » "ee"*-- IsVs^Aftiv 
l-Beln the Roaili of Brest, the aUoTsa ol -wVieo. w ••"*\\- ■*«* 
Lpi<.-(Ures.,ue, Tlie train ttavutsta a \o»e tQH^r- 






--' -^— "T'l^ 

It a 1 a f 1 o r^ 

I' I <■ 

\i M 

^5 a R t.^'t 



220 RauU D9- ItREST. CatOt. 

Is a banaEome promsnsde laid out In ITiJ9, and emballisbed wilL 
statues of Neptune snd Abnndince, by CoyteTox. It commaoiwUi 
with the commeroial liirbonr by fligbts of at^ps. Tba 'View of tbi 
rosdatead thence ia patllcularly &ne. 

Srut Sskda, ia which Baveral mcD-of-wat Krn usnally uchonA, in 

by H penidsnli, which leaves free only a single chwin si od the «., e4lW 
the Oaulel, 1-3 X. hroikd and 3 H. loni. The eBtniica ia Ihni Bilmnkil 
rttfUcull, hnt thu Goulel once passed, stilpB llnd themiolies In pettia|>tlhr 
iorgesl and Blftsl roadslead of Burripa, In which 400 man-of-war ub b4c 
at anuhor at one time. The roadB are defended hy powecful batlgria, 

by llie Enns of the vast system of fortillcatioati wMeh gukrd the hubont 
and town. The panlneul* ofPloDgasieHp. 2iB) dirldei the roadslud lain 

the town & culled ihe Brai d» Landrrmau, tmo which the Blom or In- 
demean falls; the nlbei' is Ilie Bras d< CMIini'liil (p, W2}, which ncti'H 

At the W. end of the Cours Dajot, on a rock overlooking thi 
haibonr, liEes tbe Caitle [Fl. C, Ij, an impartsnt miiitu-jr yml, 
modified by Vanban from a conatruction of tbe 13lb eeuniry, Viiiwi* 
are admitted on application tX the entrance (^at 10 a.m., 2 pJU., n 
4 p.m. ; fee], but there is nothing of great interest in the intetioi. 
The 'View from the Tom do Brest, on tbe aide next the hubou, 
ia, however, very fins, Including tbe donjon, the castle baa eigkl 
towers, the original conical roofs of which were raplacedby VanbM 
with platforms, on which cannon were mounted. Various cel<« and 
dungeons are ebown (o the visitor, most of them with theii speclai 
tale of honor or sufTeriag. 

Tbe *NAViL Hianoua (PI. B, 4, 3, 2 1 la » sort of canal, 9 M 
long, averaging 100 yda. in breadth, and from 30 to 40 ft. dMf. 
excavated in great part from the living took, at the mouth of i 
small stream called the Pmfeld. It has been made aucessible CrWB 
tbe castle by Isielllng the ground. It is most conveniently reaeM 
from the centre of tbe town by tbe Rue de Siam (PI. (!, 4]. 

The 'Swing Bridge \Ponl Toumanl; PI. B, 4), at the end af 
Ibis street, constructed in ISBi to connect Brest with RecouTrsnet, 
ia ana of the largest of the kind In eiisCence. It is 125 yds. long, 
with an average halglit of upwards of 66 ft. The two iron wings o( 
which it is composed turn upon tower'sbaped piers; (our men an 
open or shut the bridge lu 10 minutes. The visitor will hardly fall 
(0 be Btinck with the combined boldness and ligbtnosi ot thi« re- 
markable structure. A. bridge-of-boats for foot-passengers orossM 
tho harbour below the swing -bridge. 

Perhaps tbe best general survey of the naval port is nbuined 

frnia tbe ewitig-bridge, though aa the canal forma a series o( enrves, 

i^onoealed by the rising banks, nottAng\W6'&*-w'\«i\e <A\\«ai&V» 

seen from any one point. Tha in\aiW\oi\ »n4.''»-'ft*^.'i "i^"^* 

<vltb tha immense magaiineB, -woiVsVd^s, ■^attwito, wt^*" 

HBntt. BREST. 29. Route. 219 

lUi H, BrMt. - BataU. Hutel Cuuiiuiiitu. (PL. at D. 3) , Place 
"til inoben of; -dis VoiiG.ii.<Bi (PI. b t D.S, 3), Rue de SIsm 16, R , L., A A. 
Iami^|^, Mj. 3, D.a'/jtr.-, OniSD HCisl (PI. c, D, 3), Plurs du Chump - 
ili-B.iii!lSi "n QBiBu-Tuni! (PI. d; D, 2), PImb des PiirtM, H. I'/iM, 
B. 'A, ay. a, D. SVi If-; Ds FwBOB (PI. B, D, S), Bus da li Miirla. 

(Ue>. £in)laiKA(, ilU (.'oninwi-a, di Parii, Rii« d'AIgiiillon ud Place dii 
tluop-dB-BaUllUj erwti Cafli, Bniloii, Bue de Siim IS uid IT. — Cufi- 
I'lmn dti FoKa-Birairi, Rue Qujot 4. 

Otbt. fur 1-2 ])..«!., pur ilrlve 1% per Lr. 1'/. fr. i 3-1 per.., 2 & S'/i fr. 
rart Ottoa (PI. D, 8)^ at the coreeT of the Bue dn CMteau and Bue 
''iipilUiiD, in the Place dn Ciianip-de-IlatilUe. 

Htiah Oaiuiili Htrbtti Bft, Etq.; Tlce-eonaul, Freil. Bonor, Siq. " 
^iltu OowbUt Aiant, M. A. PtUI. 

frawk PnUiltml (nwcft, Rue d'AigaiUon t (eeivice at 11 ilid.). 
Srcit, a town with 74^38 inhab., the chief naval poit of Fiance, 
*'i^ a fortiese of (he flrat dase, ia eitoated in Ae department of 
'Hiitire, the weet«mmoet patt of Fiance, to the N. of the Roads of 
"'eit. Though it also pasBesaea a commercial harbour, ita im- 
portance dopondi enttrely upon its na»al dockyard, and ita history 
*■ plictlcaUy the history of the latter. 

Tht date of the foiindatlDD of the tonn of Breal ie unknown. It 
."U on* of the twelve Breton porta givoi hy John IV., Duko otBriltanj, 
■> Bdvard lU. of Eaaland (n lSl2, and It repulted an sllssk of the French 
"Mer Dugaeaelin, In 1386, 1387, and 1388 John IV. made allempla to re- 
*« il to ShMlea TU. of Franco for ISjlOO orowna. In 1*89, durli^ the 
'^Bton Wti of Succeaaiou, Bteat opened Ita gatea to Charlea of Blola, and 
"vred a lucceaifal realilance to Anne of Briltan;, who viu aoitled t; 
*■ Soallih fleet. The Enellah afUrwardi threalened BreJt levBral timei, 
I ^ Lord Howard attacked it uniuccesBfuU; In 1513, Thoogh It pa<aed 
«i^J to France In 1G33, along with the reit of Brlllany (see p. 31)9), it 
' ^ not begin to be a naval port of importance until about 16S1. ^chelieu 

I? beat haitk an energetic attack oi the Eneliah and Dutch fleeta In IGM. 
f^'oimatton of Ihli eipedilion ia believed to have been conveyed to Ihe 
|*^ch court by Jacobite apica. In 1T91 Admlml Howe defeated tbe French 
^^t, under VUlaret and Joyeiue, olF Brut. 

The town is bnilt on two rocky hills on the banks of the i%n^<M, 
T^ich forms tbe naial harbour, the chief part being on the left bank. 
"l^^ea roads lead to the town from the Slalion (PI. E, 3), which lies 
***taide the fortifloatlons. Thai straight In front conducts us in a few 
J»K»ntes to the Ptaee du Otamp-dt-BataiiU CP].D,3), viS the Porte 
T,^V, the Bae Voltaire (left), and the Rue da la Rampe or Rae 
* -A-ignUlon (rigbt> The two Ust streals lead on beyond the Plaro 
™ t^ttBtude Blam (PI. C, 3), the principal street In Brest, while in 
■^« other direction they end at the Coura Dajot (see below). — The 
*-'»Bntie de U Gere, to the right from the station, leads to the nppot 
*^4 at the Roe de Slam, whii^li descends thence to the naval hai' 
''*»«. — The street to the loft from the station passes between the 
'***niiiereial harhoar and the Gears Dajot to the P]*oe du Ob&teau. 
. Tk* Commereiol HotIiout [PI. E, 3), of recent oonBWMf.'nO'AAw- 
'*•*•• at present four basins, m'th a total area o! iOO »<iT6»,i'i.'i!o.VMa 
'""if.tadMbietkwiU-.ri/.jM lung. Thi: Cours Dujol 0'^.t\'^\^^ 



30. From Rennea to St. Halo. Environs of St. U&lo. 

ExcnrBions from St. Ualo, 

Mont Si. MUM. Dinan. 

a, From Bennei to 8t. Ualo, 

bl M. E.1LW.I in H/,-2'A. bn. {fiirM fl It. ai, 6 tc. 20, i fr. Q «.), 

Iletuiet, SBO p. M8. To the loft diverge t!io linoB menHoiiBd at 
p. '^13. We CI0B8 the Vilaine snd then ascend the preltj' valley or 
the emaiiitillU, croBfiing the Btieam ECTeisI Cimea. 8 H. Bttton; 
iVji M. Bt. Otrmain-tUT'Itle ; 16 M. St. Mldard-suf-llUj 17i/a M. 
Monirettil-tw-IlU; 20 M, L: Fai-d'Ille. The train then leaves (lie 
valley of thu llle. — 26 M. Cambourg [Dea Voyageure; do U Bao- 
nlhe). The small town (5541 Inhab.) lies ahout a/i M. to the left 
and posaesses a chateau [14-15th cent.) belonging to the Obateau- 
briand ramity, In which the famotis aathor o! that name spent put 
of his chtldhood. — 91 M. Bmnemain. 

36 M, Dol (Bujfcl ; Grand HBttl, near the station ; Grand' Mai- 
'on, in the town), a (own with il&l inhab., still pceserces matiy 
i|nalnt medixcal houses, with the Gist stories projecting ove 
utreet and supported by arehes. The Callicdral, an interesting 
l>iiilding aC the 13th and 16th cent., is dedicated to St. Samson, an 
English monk vrho is said to have founded a monaatery on the site 
nt Dol 1 and Bome authorities are inclined to trace the inOuence of 
I'.nglish architects in the Equare end of the choir and In other partica- 
lats fciomp. p. 109). The W. fs;,'ade, with its two towers of the 13th 
iind l6lh cent., la remarkably plain, but on the S. aide of the church 
is a handsome [6th cent, portal with a porch. The S. transept alao 
has a portal ; but there Is tione on the N., where the church touches 
the town-wallE, and where the chapels are furnished with battlemente. 
The church also posseaseB a central tower. The square end-wall of 
the choir lE pierced with a Urge window, flUed with good stained 
glass of thelStb century, The N. transept contains the tomb of Blsbop 
.lames [i. 1003), by Jean Juste, sculptor of the tomb of LouisXll. 
at St. Denis; unfortunately it has loEt the Etatue and ie otherwiee 
iDittilated. In the apse jb a fine chapel dedicated to St. Sataion. 

-■■-■"' .... - BuaHfltBlaie.aOa.i 

. and vl<,l( th 

ral, Host Dot, tur) the Clump Dolent. 

, ,. _. lo the S.E., ts the BMu ef Bel at of 

Ohamc DuUnl, a menlilt 30 ft. high, lurmo anted by a croia. — About JVi U . 
10 tbe H. ii tlie Hunli d> Vei, a ferlllfl plain iniindaled Id 709 hnl tt- 
iilAimed in tbs iSth ceot. , and protected by a 'dlgoe' dt embankmeut 
■12 H. In length. In the mlddti? of the plain risei the Xent Dal (310 fl.l, 
-n -wWcb IB litnaled a vllloge vrlth a idtb oanl. chureh. — aailwaja lo 
P/mleria, (Hoot SI. KctaelJ and iMnnn, etc., lee p. 181. 

The line now eiosses the marsh of Dol (see above). 42 M. L.i 
/'resnaU. From (45 M.) La Qovaniln-VaiKalt, an omnibus pUos to 
UaneaJe (71/2 M. ; see p. 226); Mil 6.\iiMiiiV-Vi.a«toetgeB toMiuiM 
(^.Z'JO). ro(!hBleftnsw6approscbftt.'M»\oas"e»*-'"''''^'^'="*^^'"" 

T'"" I 








Ro..((. 223 

61 M. 



- Hateli 


■iew from Iho 
'. inUL Oder, 
wn, neat tho 

Tbomui UiiOH, B., L., «A. rromSfr,, DE FnoTENCi, onpTstendine, botli 
Rua ds U Poiuonneriei du Loevhb, Ces-cbal, Raa Bnnrsninl; GaiDolN, 
UEi VaTiOEtrsa, Bt Ihe atalion, d^. 2 fr. — tdu; English nnd athar ritlt- 
nre pstroniiB SI. lUlo io summer, en Ihnt Ihe holeli are oflen crawdBd 
and eipeniive. 

OiMi. CoiiNniKfal, if« Voyaleuri, di COaal, Plica (.'hsteiubriuid; 
<7ranil Oof'- ^"b 81. Thomju. 

Okbi. StiLBd In (rnnl of the cutle (Parte St. Vincmt), wliera the tariO* 
Is pasted up: per dclTS IV4 fr., perbr.i'/i tt., eub addltlonel >/> hr. 1/1 fr. 

BttuB-Tnmmn feomp. Hia Plen), 1. From the Cola rt. Zlfun to Ihc 
/Nwfe SI. ToKBU liO c). 2. From tha Parit St. nuMiU to PaTamS-Bearg 
vll lbs ciHiet (SO A 30 e.). 3 From the J-orM «, Hoimi 10 the JCofc-d vi 
SI. S=r.oK vii lie milwiy-stellon (15 * 20 1,). i. Prom the MaSric el 
a*, ftrmm lo Parami-BiHirf vlk tha r»ilw«y-!tLllDn {IB, 30, * 90 c), — Om- 
i.iMM to OnDBle, see p. m 

Sen-Bnths. BathJng-boi ^d eoXume 1 fr., towel lOe. tforfn foK 
Water Bal»i fi fr,), neu (hs Cvino. — Ouing. Admlsalon G fr. par dn.;. 
RgbJGiipllKii for ■ week 30, fortntibt SO, month 40, sauon 90 fr. • for 3 pen. 
35, 36, fjO, fi 70 fr.i for 3 perB, SO, 40, 60, « 80 tr. 

Font Boulut (see p. VU) belneen St. Halo end St. Servan (p. 2301, 
fares 10 and 5 c, after B p.m. 'XI and IS c, after 10 p.m. 30 and aS c. — 
Steam-Ferry (0 tllaard bonrl; (from C SO a.m. to S. 3D p.m.) dnring the 
loason, aluilne at tbe Cala de DInan, In the osier bathonr, the C'ala dii 
Qraad-Ber (p. 221), or (he Cala du Pellt-BGT, according lo the tide. From 
Dlnard St the full hoora. No boats at mirtiay Paeaaga in 10 min. (fares 
SO, 36, Md IB 0.). 

Bteamar*. Tu Sfnsn, see p. 339. — To Jtruy, Ihrlce a weak durisit 
~ OS as from Granviila, by which tha return 
'0 tbe /ilonds In tbe hay, CancaU, lIo«l 
c„ al irregular intarralai see loeal ad»er- 
^ton (London), sea p. liil. 

Peat ft Telegraph OfSee. oppoille (he W. facade of the chntch. 

Brltiih Vla«-Oaniul, Sm. S. Hennittr-ilajiir. — United BCatei Oeninlar 
Agent, Haymoad JiimlUa, Eiq, 

Emgliih Church, at Faram^. — Work amopg (be British aeuaen fie- 
i|nED(inB the purl Is carried on by Ihe 5!. Andr*c'i Wattrtid* Uiiiion. 

Si. Mato, t fortified seaport with 11,4TC Inhnb., occupies a re- 
markably plcttireBqne Eitnation, on a rock (foimerly an island] itslDg 
belveen the harhonr and the mouth of the Ranae, Qanbed on (he 
left by 8(. ,SBTvan, and facing Dinard on tbe oppasite bank. 

SI. Malo derives its name from (he TOelih monk S(. Halo or 8(. Haclou. 
who became lis flist bishop In (he Btb eeal., bnl Ua Importance, formerly 
mncb greater than at preiant, dales from aconsiderahly later period. Tha 
inhabiiants of St. Halo early distinguished tbemselica as hold tradara 
In time of peace and as daxine prlTatecre <n time of war. Jacques Cartler, 
who dtsoDTBTBd Canada in 1594. was a nallie of 81. Nalo; tbe fanonead- 



in (1673-1736) w. 

(1718-1827), well known as a coia^r, and Hab^ de la Bour- 
1763), who (ODk Madras from (ha English In 1716, were also 

.^ 1^ 81. Kalu sent valuable lii lo Lou'Ls "UQ. v\ \^« A^,>^ 

Boriellei and its eraiaeri had been aa Boccaaatal In-fiu i^N-t^^-. 

'MaloiJps'. Is 1^ 81. Kalu sent valuable ^d lo Lou\> "UQ. v\ 

' "J eruidars had been aa sQcceaatol Iil^«,t .— » n 

ODiribuled 30 million fraiKaVa Bo.-5^rt\*™.ia"Kr« 
— -—" — tup apantfh flucoeailan. The anBtol* tmAs la.*-!"". « 
iSTi. ■"fJ"» '" MBtura tho town and taoiiAa.i&«& ^1. «" f^w^" 
ou^h t A-A°'. ""Joorough landed >t Bt. Senwi ""VOi ^^^., 
Dupo J,, d,d imiataae damaee to aMpputg ml qVibt k^''^^^ 



'■221 HoultW. SI'. HALO. 

VBS unable lo iite SI. Halo..- HI. Halo <ru alsu lUe UtOlriM* of Mm-"^ 
iierluii rl69a~iT59), LunetlrJB (1TI)9-51), Cb>luubtiaDd {1108-1081. BrauWil 
(1112-1888), .»a tsmeoB^i (ITBa-lBH). 

The (slIwiy-Btation Is situated in the suburb of Roa^eg, n«u 
the hubonr, between St. Halo and St. SenaD, and about '/g H. ttoa 
DAi^h. To reach the former, we turn first to the rlgbt, mi Iban to 
tho leftj between a wet dock and the inner reservoir. The ttMOwij 
route (6 min. longer) traverFes the SHfon, sn 6mh«nkinent 220 yds, 
long and abont 150 ft broad, which connects the look on vhiob Ihe 
town stands with the mainland. 

The SorAour (recently completed), In a shallow bay be(we«ii 
St. Malo and St. Saryan, consists mainly of an outer basin, a lidil 
harbonr, two vet docks, and an Inner reeenoir. St. Malo it At 
tweliih port in France in point of importance ; it Imports timber tnd 
coal, exports provisions of all kinds to England, and lakes a considvi- 
ahle share in the Newfoundland uod-flsbery. 

At the end of the Sillon next the town, to the right, is (kg 
modeit Caiino (see p. 223), in front of which is a bronze Slahit tf 
VbaUmihriand, hy KQllet. 

Opposite rises the Casllt, dating from tho 14-i5th cent., dov 
used as barracks, it consists mainlT of four towers, one of whUfc 
may he ascended for the sake of the view. An almost equallf 
extensive and more Taried view may, however, be en.|oyed fran 
the *flamparls,' which date mainly from the llitb century. Tirtwts 
should Dot omit (o make the circuit of the town on the rsmpartt, 
both for the sake of en,lDylng tbe curious appearauie of the town, 
and also for the view of the bay, which is finest when the tide \t 
full. . The bay is dotted with fortified islets, one of which, tht 
Qrand-Hcy, 550 yds. from the town, contains (be simple tomb ti 
Chateaubriand (d. 1848), St. Malo is remarkable for tbe greal 
height to which the tide rises. Oidiaary tides rise from 23 to 26 ft, 
spring-tides 48 fL above low-water mark; and at low water an Im- 
mense tract U uncovered, so that it Is possible to walk dryahod u 

The town Is hemmed^in on all sides by the ramparta, and mui 
of Its streets 'are s(eep,t narrow, and tortuous. From the small ftatt 
Outtambriand, in front of tbe castle, we ascend to the oontie of ihe 
town by the Rue St'Thomas or the Rue St. Vincent (opposite the 
gateway), and then turn to tbe left. 

The Parish 0iurcAL formerly the cathedral, is built mainly iii 

the Gothic (16th cent.) and Rflnalssance style*, but some parts date 

from the Transition period, and the elegant spire la modern. Tba 

best part of the interior is the ctoit,'«WtU tM aftne triforinm 9n4 

tbree wlndavs filled with modem alsSnei t\i4s. TSmi\iw^%^s« 

ofCbriH [hcing the pulpit^, a modem Wim\* \(j *.* t\^v, w&itbM 

sealptuna are well eiecuted, atil eo'iwsl o\ *Sv« ■^tvo.iw «» ia» 

of some valne: the latter, bowftver, ate ^laa^-* w%W»*- ^^ 

^^^^^H ST. SERVAN. 311. Houlf. 225 

The Etieet nearly opposite the front of the cburcli leads to another 
*mall Place, embeljisbfid with a marble Statae of livguay'TTOuin 
[p, 223), by Molknecht. — The mttl de VUU, also in thia eqnare, 
containe a smaJl Masie [open to the public on Snn. and Thnrs., 
1-4) and a Library (open on other days only, at the sime hoora). 

The 8ea-h'ithing Eslahliihmtnt lies beyond the casKo, to the K 
of (be town. The beach consists of fine sand, and slopes gradually. 

b. Environs of Bt. Malo. 
Comp. the Plan and the Map to the right of the Plan 

flt. Servwi. — Hotda. GBASDHoTELBELLEvnB, GranaaBoelBl. Ha 
eiid);DEriJKios, IlueDaupMne21, on ths beicbi nu P£t.ici.v, Grande Ru 
Prbbhiii Pbikavera (Mill Ooldhamj, Bue Ville Pepin. 

etaam Fairj to Dinord, every hour from the Port 81. Pktt ffares B 
25, Ibc), relunilne at the halFboars. 

EnsUi^ CAureA, BneCliapilre; servicet at II and 6. BaglUh Phgtieia 
Dr. Af down. — EnglUh Bamrr, i. 0. Korte, Eno Ville Pepin. 

i9t. Servan, fottnerly only a sabnrb of St. Halo, is now a Ecparate 
but uninteresting town with 1'2,!M0 inhabitants. It may be reached 
from St. Malo by the road paesing the Etation, oi (better) by the 
Pont RouZant at the mouth of the harbour. This bridge (fares, see 
p. 224) moves upon raiU laid at the bottom of tbe sea, and is drawn 
from side to side of the harbour-mouth by means of a stationary 
steam-engine on the St. Servan side. The ptattonn for passengerH 
is 40 ft. above tbe tails. The handsome modern Maitie or H6tei de 
VUle (tramway, p. 323) is at the top of the Grande Rue. To the S. 
is the Church of Ste. Crow, built in the 18-19tb cent, and contain- 
ing a handsome modern pulpit in carved stone and some mnral 
paintings by Duveau. Besides sharing the harbour of 8t. Malo, 
^t. Seivan has two small harbours at the mouth of the Bance, the 
Port de Solidor and the Pari St. Fire, between which rises the 14th 
f.ent. Tour de SoUdur (visitors admitted ; view). These harbonrs are 
separated from the bay at Les Salilombj a rocky promontory, crown- 
ed by a fort on the site of an ancient town called Ateth. The small 
Bathing Establishment of .St. Ser'an , with its casino, ia situated on 
ihe bay of Les Sablons, on the side next St. Malo. There is another, 
even less pretentious, outside the town, near the Ranee. 

Parami. — Hstela. At Parami-Ut-BKim, about '/, H. from St. Hilu 
by tbe SiUoB (tramway); Obahd H^tsl de PaeihI, adjoining tbe Caiino, 
nnt class, ddj. S>A. O. VLtT.^ Ddodai TnouiK, B. wilh sca-Tlew from 

lilh landlady), pens, from 70 fr.per'oeek) Qcio-SN-aBoioKE, ODtbeiherei 



Saa-Batlia at the daw beacb (Jfr^inth Plaft) Ifr. tOc, at Socb' 
rartnlght lb, monlh^'fr.; for2perB., IO,96,tOli. ' ' 

/'aram^ (4826 /nhab.) is fonned 'by llitee feft(«S. ■^vi'«.*. l^o.- 

ram^la-Bam», Bochebonne both of lecciA oii-lptt, Mvi -itoii ■»'^^^'* 

_or^™4 a/n«tod at , Bhort distance hom ** wi^, «^ ^'V^C*- 

^mP^'» *'<""'"'. Fr«,ce. 3rd Edit. '^t* 


I 22C fiouKSO. mNA.KD. l':„uirt.,., 

10, wilh a puved (errace snd a flna Bandy bench, bm itje 
I miirauiidings are flit and shsdeless, and tbere is no promenade ex- 
cept the terrace. I'Dcheboniie, l^/f M. from St. Main, ie more plvas- 
anUy eitnated and lees expsiisive. 

Bfll/Wnm/ (Gnmd HrJtel), Wt M. from BocUBbunne, >nd a Oulnwroli 
IHolGl, modecatE), a litlU> ratllier un, are aleo te>-ba1b)D| tuorls. 

I)lni.ld. — HstflU. De> TaEajLieui. but tbe CMinu, lisna. 10-9g. 
dJj. 1, D. Btr. iiicl. ciiier; dcOa«i»o( Ghjhd HdisL dk UmuD, vith . »ia- 

ag tMinoi Ta lA VAi.tfii'., on liia quay, pens. 8-18, d^j. 8, D. 3'lt fr.i 
iiE t* Baw; Hiii. Rkbi. un L* PlIK. 

Su^Batlii. 'Bain eain(>let' 1 Fr., to suliKiibQi?, 7U e. kl the tbiet 
I'lial-lftbineDt, leu at Ute atben. — OaalBo. SalTicripllon for a weik IT, 
furlnight ffl, monft 36, iM.on Bf, fi-.i fnr two per.., 30, 4B, OB, ft » (V. 

Htuu ^airica to ><t. Halo (see p. 128| and lu Bl. aarvan (p. a?l). 

(Ifi t ), andai. arla6 (1 fr.i aee below). - DiHfna thriM a week lo'jW/, ll.| 
,Sr. Jamt-dt-la-ll^ (p. ISf) and (131/-: U.) S(. Cciri (/.<i ffsrib; a. IBl). 

lHa Bteamboata frani St. Ualo to Dlnan (aeep. X£() l^ncth at Dinitd 
>/. iit, after leavlag 81. Salo. 

ninartl is a modern tow7> , with 6096 iubab., pictareBqnely 
aituated on a tocky promontory on tb« left bank of the estuary of 
the Bance, opposite St. Malo and ."^t. Seivan. It is the leading Era- 
bathing resort in Brittany owing to its attractive site, its spacioB^ 
aandy beach, its picturesque Tiewa. and its pleasant walks. Tl^e 
nnviiDns are eprinliled with vlli&s, and it is m neb frequented ^1 
English vJBilorB. 

The Grlvr At I'Ecluie, the chief bathing- beach, with the Ciai i^°^ 
faces the open sea, between the Foinlt dt Dinard (to the S. of wl»-^^ 
passeiigerB from St. Malo land) atid the promontory of in Maiou- ^'^ 
It mij be reached either direct vi£ the Grande Rue and the Bn^ . 
I'Ecluse (to the right), or [prafarable for walkers) by a ' ^ 

ascending (be Polnte de Blnard ami then nkittlng the shore. 
The other baibing-establisbmentfOTiue duPrin/f^J is on the 
ot I'insrd. The Folnle dt In VitomUf farther 8., cocomands a 
view of the estuary of the Ranee. 

St. Ensgat (IHItl de la Iftri da Etnaigiri it da Bl. Stui 
7 rr., well aiiokeii of; FumMid Villai}, a large vUlage aboal 

Dinard, lieyood tlie aecund promontoir ofLa Haluiilne, ia alio 

baOiinE-reaort. — Bt. Lnnairc (mui di la Plaft; SI. LvaMri: dt f 
and St. Briac (HHItf da Paicramai, dd the beicb: du Cntri), !•/. 
!0/t M. farllier to the E., aleo afford RicellenI bslhlDE and beaaCirul v 
of tHe rocky coalt and iilandg. 'Iliera are good euir-llnka (18 bole 
at. Briic. LiiiiE at all tb»s wstgrllg-placei ii more primitive bat ha 
(heaper than at Dlaard or SI, Halo, aa tb« aouTcga of aupply are ■> 

e. Eaeniiioui lie' n. Halo. 

H Mapi 10 ilit TigM imn j,d/(*. Plan at p. M 
UK., £rato<nli/t1iT. (rare V/i fr. Ihere and In 
Ibe ODinibne lu La GuaMBiMO U.'JM^ 1 ft.(. 

J Cnniaile in Ihe Beii»"B (tlitti »\S \i»sV ^^i;\. 

CANCAI.E. 30. flol 

■atam.! (see (i. 2!6) sijil (0 M.) St. Caulomh. 
e I'HBlei de t'Europe; du Centre; de France), a town w 
Hi inhsb., is msgniHcently eitasted on a beigbl above the bay 
of the same name, also called Ibe bay of St. Micb«1. lis small bsr- 
honr, kEDwn as La Houte, lies about V? M, to Iha S. Tbe leadini; 
indostcy of the town is the rearing of oraleis, whiah enjoy a high 
reputation. Tbe oyster-beds cover n total area of 430 aoros. Tho 
Rochtn dc Cancale fonn an islet well seen from the neighbourhond 
of the town. The height iihove tbe bay also commaniis a noble*V'i<-iP. 

To Vne Bt. Hitfael. BaiUns U 

1 (28 »,) i^Mforioi (fares B fr. 76, 1 fr. 

0, a (r, 15 c), Rm(»ny-0?»B»w Ih* 

nee tQ (BVj M.) i^ml 31. HiOll (raturn- 

ire 9Vj'''-> «Kctwii(e 'corregponda 

he ntnte at Itte eiltli no lime lo li 

bargatn adTiixblB); CarHaprr (1-3 | 

per».), 10-13 fr. Tbo CDliie iaaiii«i- 
Btlnos ply to M.>i.t 81. Michd in Ihe 

.ku a'h-S'li hn. - »«lwr< -oro. 


From St. Malo to (15 M.) Dal, wbere we ohange carriage.', fen 
p. 232, — 20 M. La Bo«8jac;26M. PUine-Fougins, beyond which 
we cross the CouMian and tbe railway to Vitri'. The ('ouesnon is 
the boundary between Brittany and Normandy, 

28 M. Pontoraon (Hotel de I'Oaest; de Hretagne), a small aen- 
port with 2465 Inhsb,, at tbe mouth of tbe canalized ConeliDon, It 
15 the junction of lineB to Avranehei (Granville ; Cherbonrgl and 
to Vilri (see pp. 181 and 208). 

The road to Mont l^t. Michel (5'/3 M.) tomE to the right at the 
public foutitain. The last portion runs along an embanliment or 
ranseway, nearly '/« M, in length, constrnctad in 1875} aoross tlio 
Bay of Mont St. Michel, lo afford ircesH to the Milage at all slatea 
of the tide. 

On Ibe tM expanse of the Bag nf Si. ificM (100 >it, H.l Ihe lide re- 
cede; for a dl'lance of T'^ U., but rughel in Kgain qnlckergihan a biim? 
can eallup. Tbere ate nameraus dan^prnns ijuicksandi (noDe, howerer, 
neac the Honl). Since 1BJ6 nearly 00,010 acre^i have been reelalmed from 

earbonete of lime (known as 'langus^ is tbriion up by Ihe aea and « wed 

Hont Bt, Hiehsl f*f'riT(ifirril ft'"-!- ^- & A. S'^^ dgL 2V9< !>-> 3 fr- \ 
•Poufcirri Jennr. or St. Miehel; Ridel) ie a small village with 200 in- 
hab., clin^ng to a curionsly Isolated rock, rising 160 ft. above tbe 
'Qreve' or eands ac the end of the wide hay of tbo same name, about 
V^M. from the shore. Round Ibe foot of the rock ran the ancient 'For- 
lifieations, dating mainly from the l.ith cent,, and eonaistlng of tliicli 
and lofty walls, etrengltiened by towers and bastions. The enmmil 
of the rook il ocv.upied by tho bnildinna of the ancient monastery, 
and on tbe highest point of all is the church. Tho guneral affiit*. \t 
sinfularly piclurBsque. 

Tbe 'Abbbt is raacbed by a flight ol eIo^b, ^n%\\-o.vft?, iA 'Ca» 
Ufb* ttpiri of tbe villago, or (batter) 1)7 tbe Tun-jarts, ■wVt.'Sb. -«• 
^^oppoftta tbe Hrttol Poniard. T\i« aeceut ot *i«l *vb^ J 

228 RavU m. MONT ST. MlflHET,. 

made in about '/i^''- "^^^ buildings, largely hitv 
are of dUTerent forma and varioDs periode, but meet ot tl» 
from the l^-lSth Venturis^. The largest and most intCTB 
I.a Merteills, to tbe ripht, at wbicb tbe cisit UBually cm 
Visitors are admitted dally in Eummei from 8 to 11 and fioi 
to 4, 5, or 6, other seaaons 9-11 and 12.30-1 (fee (o the eui 
wnduet^t he tialtor). 

The Benedictine Abbey of Hont St. Itlcbol was fuundsd In 

Archaaiel'meliBel, who apnsare'd lr> bim !□ a tiiiDn. Tbe to 
viously kDown la lioni Tumha. ha<l licen a pagan sancluary. Th 
were protected by Bolls and tbe succeeding rulers uf Hormudr 
luefi tbev lent lij ablns to a&siat William in Ilie con<|UBBl of '. 
Filgrime iHOTled to tbe rock ia gieil numbers, and (heir pli 

Im ecni. tbe abbey ws< known at tbe >C:ity of Books', fiom ju c 
colleetlon of H3e. Id 1'J03 Philip Augualaa b Dined Ibe moDaJU 

fortress that Baceasifnllj- defled Henrv V.' of England. In 1J61 ( 
vitiled Ibe rock; and in 1409 Louia SI. foanded the kni|lillj 
St. Micbel. Abuu and disorders began to prevail unong Ibe Bbi 
monks kere, and in 16in Ibey were replaced ^y bretbren of the 

converlei into « prison, Ijot in ISBS It was rMlored to in ni\^ 

eipanee it baa been restored, lie Alilie; of 91. Mlcbael'a Moanl 
a«; of PenianOB, was an offaboot of Mont St. Mlcbol. 

We enter by the ChStelet, a lofty donjon of the i6th cent., 
by two projecting turrets, and after visiting the Salte da 
aecend tbe AMol'i Blairciae and the Grand Degri to a | 
(245 ft.} known as the Saul Gaultief, from a prisoner nbo ] 
III au attempt to in tbe llith century. The adjoining 
begun in 1020 in the Norman Etyle, has andergone many n 
tions. The central tower, with a Gothic spire, has been re 
tbe original style, and since li^97 has been once more sutd 
by a gilded bronie Statue of St, Michael. Tbe choir is in thi 
style of the 15lh cent.; the nave has been docked of tbr 
which are to be restored. The interior preserves few traei 
once Uiish decoraiJon. In a chapel to tbe left of the cht 
alabaster baf-relief of the 14th centuiy. Another contalna 
ern silvered statue of St. Michael. The choir-stalls date fi 
l&Ch cenlary. Tba outer gallery and the lop of the towec 8ir« 
by means of the 'Blairoaso o( lace'. — Crypt, see p. 238. 

On quitting the church we Und ourselves on ■ level 1 
third story ot *La MtrvtiUe {'ike marrel'), a huge btdldlo 
ting against the rock on the N. On ibis story we tisit the *0 
a iDMterpiece of the 13t!i cent. Cl'225-28), formine •» 
27 yds. long by 16 yds. bioid. Ttiw) cdMbuv 'EIR wJmsm^ 
ished granite, 100 engaged in Vta ■*«»* mv4- I'd* o^nwai 
doable vcadea, with gracetnl^aolXft, »^4 tiiii\w,\\\Aiei^a 

fnmaLMiOo. MONT ST. BflOHEL. 30. RouU. 229 

attofy^ of the Mine epoch. — We next descend to the Promenoir 
(12ft eeiit.\ with the Dungeon of La Balue^ the prison of Card. La 
Bilne (p. ^7) for two years, the Crypte de VAquilon (12th cent.), 
nrimu other dungeons, and a Crypt used as a cemetery. The Wheel 
ftr Moisting pioyisions along an inclined plane is also shown. — On 
tto second floor of La Merreille are the ^Salle des Chevaliers^ an 
i<diBiiable specimen of 13th cent, architecture, 92 ft. long, with de- 
piMsed vaulting and a triple row of columns, and the ^Refectory, one 
of tlie finest GK>thio halls in France, also dating from the 13th cent. 
isd difided into two parts by columns. Before inspecting the re- 
^Betory visitorB are usually conducted to the Crypte des Oros-Piliers^ 
beneath the choir of the church, so called from its nineteen columns, 
each 12 ft. in diameter. — On the lowest story of La Merveille are 
the Almonry and the Cellar (1203), which are known as the Mont- 
gwieries, in memory of an unsuccessful attack by the Sire de Mont- 
gomery, leader of the Huguenots. 

In a lane to the right of the exit frum the Abbey is a small local 
Mm t m (1 fir.), incladiiig representations of various more or less authentic 
HfOua from the history of the Munt. — The Tr^sor de St. Michel (adm. 
90 6.), lower down, is an exhibition of religious objects connected with 
lOgrimagee, etc. 

^Hie tour of the rock (1/2 hr.) can seldom be made dry-shod, as there is 
VMuUy a certain depth of water near the causeway. Visitors who desire to 
vilk on the sands shonld carefully ascertain the hours of the tides (p. 227). 

To Dinaa. a. Bt the Banob, 17Vs M.. Steamboats in 2 hours in the sea- 
Ma, starting daily, at hoars determinea by the tide (see the bills), from 
tte quay near the Porte St. Vincent; from Dinard^ V^ 1^^- later. Fares (sub- 
ject to alterations): 2^ fr., according to class; return-tickets (when the 
ttde permitA) Vs-^ &• extra. Ddj. on board 21/2, D. 3 fr. 

This is a very agreeable excursion, though the beauties of the Ranee 
Ao act, perhaps, quite justify their local reputation. The banks are pictur- 
Mque, but hardly bold enough in comparison with the breadth of the 
>treui, except in the neighbourhood of Dinan, and the general effect wants 
Tftriety. It is, therefore, hardly advisable both to go and come by the river, 
ttpedally as the interval allowed by the steamer is not long enough for 
^ proper inspection of the interesting town of Dinan, and as part of the 
'Btvn-joumey is made after dark. The steamers also are often late. 

The steamer touches at Dinar d (p. 226). We have a fine retro- 
spect of St. Male, and then (to the left) of St. Servan, with the 
Tour de Solidor, the roadstead, etc. On the Rocher de Blzeux, between 
St. Servan and the Pointe de la Yicomt^ (p. 226), rises a colossal 
ftguie of the Virgin (40 ft. high), by Caravaniez. Farther on, to 
^e il^t, appear La Ridiardais^ the Pointe de Cancaval^ and Mont 
^wla. The little tower rising from the river is named the Tour des 
^^a. The wide Bate de St, Jounn, and other picturesque inlets 
appear to the left. 8t, Bullae^ on a small sheltered bay to the left, 
^es an interesting church of the 13th century. Behind us, to the 
^l^\ is Le Minihic. To the left is the Pointe du Uarrot^ and on the 
■neeeeding height, La Ville-ls-Nonais, 

The ehannel contract at thQ Pointe St. Jeun, ^\i\v:\i '\« «X^^^s^* 
fc«)/w/ to Dinan; opposite rises the picture8que\v-ftV\.Mi4X«k\ CUCileavw 

230 Route 30. DINAN. 

de la Radie. The river Bgalc expands, hi tLe dittuiive, ta llie lei 
rises the church of FltKdihen. To the right, sboie & oiiU, li< 
PtaulT. The laadBTn tower of Qtlne-Verl la a, plcCureaqne obje 
ua we ioot bscli upon it. To the left is Mordreue. I'he chann 
ugaln usriows considec&bly and the banks become wooded. To t! 
lufl is the attractive little valley of the Ptat. Above the wooded bat 
rise rocky beighla. At a curve of the river we see the impoBing Vk 
'lact on the lailwsy from Dol to Dinin, 105 ft. high. Fine oliff-vie 
behind us and to the left. A little beyond the viaduct, and nboi 
2 hre. from St. Malo, 1e the Lock of Le Ch&Ulier. I'he surplus wiU 
of the river iometimeB escapes in a pretty waterfall (to the left 
The banks now become low and the scenery monotonous. To tl 
left is the One Ch&Uau de GriUemonli to the right are cliO^, and i 
front appears Dlnan. Farther on we see, to the left, more wood* 
I'liffe and obtain a picluiesque view of the town and viadtict. 

Dinan, see \>b1oi>'. Omnibus to the stitlan, oti the other side ' 
the tovTD, 1 fr. 

b. Bl Eill.K.V, 32 B„ in aurs. (B fr. 5", 4 ft. BB, 3 fr. B6 t). 

nllliaii old ruined cutle. 

From St. Malo to (16 U.'j Dol, see p. 222. From Dol to (33 M 
Diaan, see p. 181 ; this line is a continualioii towards the W. of ib 
from Pontotson {p. 227}. 

32 M. Siniui (see Plan, p. 222). — HateU. 'Da Buiabhi, Km 
Unclos, R. 3-9, B. It/t, d^j. 8, D, Bl/t ft. ; do ComfgHci, d^, ^/a, p. B ft 

uttliBStaliiin! diM,2, D, Ji/sfr. — iflu Walltr'a ftnjfon, Piaea' Dniaemllo 
— BaiKtaji Ealauram, — Ca/l OotUinenlal, Bub Thiers. 

al variable houra, iiiDdiuced on bills posted ia the town (eomp. p. S^ 

Bnfllih Oburili, in tbe Petits-FaBs^I (serTicee at 11 and B); eh*lll^ 
Kev. IV. ff. Brar. 

/linun, an ancient town of 10,620 inhab., with curious and pintu 
FEque hoases and streets, is finely situated on a height oa the ie 
bank of the Bance. The railway runs on the right bank. — Cftoa 
the Plan to the left of the Plan of St. Malo (p. 224J. 

Quitting the station, we follow the Rue Thiers to a cross-stre* 
To the left diverges the fine promenade known as the GraTidi-Fotfe 
and farther on, lieyond the little Place de Fretagne, the PetUi-Fos'' 
diverges to the right. On both sidee considerable remains of tl 
Ramjiarts ot the 13th and 14tb cent, ore still extant. Near the all 
of the Petlts-Fosa^s Is the chateau (see p. 231). The sabinb Ul tl 
right ie largely inhabited by the Etiglish colony (about 860), 

From the harbour we ascend to the viadaet, whence we reach d 

centre of the town, and visit the promenades and the cbitoin lit' 

-~ In the Place Duclos is the S6ttl de VUle, a modern butldlin 

coiittdaing s small but inteieetlng MuiU, -witli colleetlo oi <f ' j 

kiuiU Cautiijuities, coin?, funeral tmraumfeM* , dV^«c\& dHM 

fimSuMalo. DINAN. 3^. /?o«««. 231 

Witory, etc). — The street to the left leads to the Place Duguesclin, 
embeUished with a poor modem statue of the Conn^table Duguesclin, 
wLo recaptured the town from the English in 1359. The Place 
ooeapies the site of the field in which he defeated in single combat 
ID English knight, named by the Breton chroniclers ^Sir Thomas of 
Cantorbtfry'. — Farther on, to the right, is the CastU^ now a prison, 
the donjon of which (112 ft. in height) is usually shown to visitors 
on application. It is partly built into the ancient walls and belongs 
to the same epoch (l4th cent.). The exterior of this ancient pile is 
host viewed from the Petits-Fosses, a little farther on. 

The Rue du Ghslteau leads to the most picturesque parts of the 
town, skirting the base of steep rocks, till it reaches tlie banks of 
the Ranee , the wooded channel of which offers various attractive 
▼lews. The river is spanned by an imposing stone * Viaduct, 270 yds. 
long and 130 ft. high. — Thence we ascend direct to the centre of the 
town, the narrow streets of which contain many quaint old houses. 

The church of St. Sauveur, in the neighbourhood, to the left, is 
* curious edifice, the right side of which is Romanesque, the left 
Gothic. The Romanesque portal is unfortunately in very bad pre- 
servation. The right wall is adorned on the exterior with arcades 
and mouldings, and a tasteful Gothic chapel was added at the third 
hay in the 15th century. There is but one aisle, consisting of the 
Gothic part of the W. arm. The choir is also Gothic. The holy- 
vater basin, supported by Caryatides, to the left of the entrance, 
dates from the 12th century. In the N. transept is a stone marking 
the spot where the heart of Bcrtrand Duguesclin is buried; and in 
one of the choir-chapels, on the same side, are two tasteful Gothic 
wedences. On the other side is a modern tomb in granite. — The 
cemetery of this church is now a Public Garden. 

The narrow street opposite the left transept is continued by the 
Rue Oroix-Quart to the old Rue du Jerzuat, leading to the Porte du 
Jentwi, one of the most curious parts of the old town, Gothic out- 
ride and Romanesque within. A little to the left is the Porte St. Malo^ 
a similar but less interesting structure. 

The street leading to the S. from the Porte St. Male debouches 
in the Rue de I'Horloge, near the 16th cent. Tour de I'Horloge. 
farther on, a little to the left, is the Place des Cordeliers, beyond 
vhich is the Grande Rue, leading back to the Hotel de Ville. 

8t. Malo, to the right, near the latter, is a large church of the 
*^h cent., the W. arm of which was rebuilt in 1855-65. In the 
"^terior is a large modern painting by Archenault, representing 
(^ihiiit triumphing over Death and Sin. The handsome high-altar 
has bas-reliefe from the life of St. Malo, and a statue of that saint, 
oy S&vary. In the central choir-chapel is a tomb of the 15th cent. ; 
*• Wy-water basin dates from the same period, and the ^ul^it \s> 
■^ ineient. 

„ AfcOttt »/i Jr. to the 8.E. of Dinan is Lihon, wU\i a t\Au<ift. Osi^V^^^ ^^ 
"•XWMte eeat, aad the church and other remalTia ol «w '^riox^ ^^^ ^^'^'^ 

232 Bouti 31. SABL£. Ft 

tilt, cenliaj. — The CMUm dt la CMi«,iaii [ISlli ceal.) Is 

litniitiid &boui 11/4 H. to liw B. Other excuraiom mi; ba 

maiuQ oflaBillitrl(6iliX.), furmBFl; lbs residence ufSugi 

the Lsdj Tlpbaine, nitb iu cnrioua act&gDnal chimneTat iLnd^to 1 

o[ La aarasi, Imnoat for the Dhuit; nnd lelf-ascrilicE at Claude 

Qomti da !■ OuBye, and hie wife, whoae Blor; hu been pleuMllx T(m- 

Hed bT Mra. Horton. 

OailoaT la £afii»oIh, JDiniiis; Ibe lioe to Brest, iot p. 181. 

A bniBcli-rBllwBT, 13 K. 1on[!, rub9 frum Dlaan Iu Dinud [p. 13fll, 
|i<i!iE<<ne at. Samtna, ffaJiH-ttcuir and P/eurBifl. — Another run- lo the 

31. From Paris to Hantea. 
a. TUi Lb Kans and Angers. 

34B H. Ruxwii in Ti/i-lS>/< bra. (fiiru 41 fr. U. 30 fr. D, 19 tr. BO u. 
The traini BlBrt Crom Ibe Qare MonlpemuH (see PI. O, 16, p. I; Clunli 
it Fbt de rOueal, left bank) or the Qire 8t. Laiare <tiiI1<t3t of lbs riiU 
»SDkiF1.0,13)ic<>aip.p.tM. — FT<>mLeHuBl<.'4>i|f«-i,eaM.Jnl>/<-3>At>n, 
ICvea 11 fr. ID, T tr. 10, 1 fc. ^e.). — From Angece to A'antH, OlI'i H.. In 
i'/:-3hr9. ((area, li fr. 6B, i fr. 35 c.). 

From Paris to (131 M.) Li Mam, see pp. 194-200. — On le»»inE 
Le Mans, am line crosses the Sarihe and diverges to theieft rrom the 
liueE to Retiues and Aleni;on, affording a flue view of tbe tavo. 
Ileyond [139 M. from Paris) Volvrel we again urosB the Sarthe. — 
143 M. La Sua (Uotel du Comnierce]. 

Fbuh Li Sms ro La FlEuuk (fur Suuniir and Angen), 19 M., ntilHJk) 
in [iO-r>a min. Itaree H fr. SO, 3 fr. 40, I fr. eO c). — Beyund Ibe lillict 
uF {.al, U.) nilofnai ODT line ie jolneii, on the right, by > bninch-nll- 
wkT fiam 8abl« (lee below). Beyand (13 X.) rarrun tbe niloay lo Aggu 
diverges nn tbe rlebt 6. W- — 19 H. La Pleehe (llllltl dt CJmatit, ■ 
town nltb 10,177 rnbab., eiEaaled on ibe Leii-, U chieNy famODi toriU 
PryloBii, a military collie for the Bona of ufScerB. Ii ocoupie* »■ oM 
Jeaait eallege, founded bT HcnH IT in 1601, the moat funous popU tf 
whicb »u Dai^artu (mSeiBOO), tbephilosupber. The i> adou- 
td witb a bronM atalne of .ff«i-< lY, bl BonnoiaienT. 

From I.a Fl^cha to Angtri, aee p. Silt to AiMgui (Tonra), eesp.lOli 
la Sabli. see p. 233. 

From La Fiiehe the Ibie ia prulanged ti> IS&'h "-> ^"umur, ptHtl« 
113V> H.) Bauei, a amall lowa on the Omtima. with an old cbiteao at Ik 
IStb cent., and (U a.) iDngvi. anather amall town, beyond which Ibe Hm 
joina (be railway from Cbartrea to Baamur (p. 186), 

Iteyond La Sn:ee oar line crosses the Sartfae for a third tjou. 
157V« H. Juignt-iuT-SaTthe, with a flne chateau of the 17th ceaniT. 

llilM.eftW6fB«;;'c(;*flB((ifl(.Marl(nJ, .town with Iill8inh»li, 
pleasantlr aimated on the Sarthe, has an 18th cent. Ch/tUau and a 
ruined Ckiilte. In the Tlclnity ore large quarries of black mBrble. 
■ LlbuDtiSoleBmeaffftfWJViouJ, ealebtBM 

^tine Abb4j/, wbicb waa anppreaaed by gc 


(uraj oraami 

troaderruUr expreiai> 

to be a pc.rlrnif of Kii 

Fbdm B^BLt TO Li F1.6CHI, ao M., mllwy in 1 hi. - The i™in paseea 

name lo ■ cbipel dediuted lo ttae Vlr^n (recenllr fobniU), yiidtb hu 
booD B pilgrim Ekee- resort linca the togiunlng of tbe 16th cenlurv. BqfOTft 
rsacbine llfiyiB.) Trn'on our line joins Ihe line frem Ls Sute Oeb p. 33J). — 
20 M. £1 ^lit^Al, BBS p. 'i3i. 

Rsllwsf lo /fmla vlil fiajirj, ase p. 331; tn SiUi-li-Chiillmme, p. 201. 

Beyond SsbM the lailway to Angeis crosssB the Saithe [or the lest 
time, bat continues to toilov its valley far some distance. 179 M. 
Tiered, W the left, with » fine modeni ohureh built in the Gothic 
stfle of the 14th centaiy. We croea the Loir, «n sfflaent of the 
Satthe, before reaching ClSl'/a M.) St-Sylvain-Briollay. — 
IdTVs ^- Ecouflant ia situated at Che confluence of the SsrlliB and 
the Moy^nne, which comhiuB lo form the flfuine. PaSBengere for 
8egr<! and for the Qsre St. Serge at Angers (see p. 238) change 
cirriages here. We hare a fine view Co the right of Angera, with the 
towers of St. Manrice and St Joseph, 

At (190'/^ M.^ La Mnttre-Ecote we Join the line from Orleans 
(p. 23T). — 191 M. Angara (priiiclpa] stationl, see p. 238. 

Oar line dpscends the tslley of the Maine, which it croasee before 
roaDhing the neht station. 196 H. La Folnte, near the condnence of 
the Maine and the Loire. 'I'he line henceforth follows the right hank 
ilf the latter. Fine views of the opposite bank. Beyond (198 M.J 
Lei Forga, to the right, we see a handsome modern chatean. — 
301 M. La Poiionn&TC (Buffet), 

From Ln Poisonni^re lo (21 M.) Clioltt, see Saxfefer's Saalh-Wnttra 

IsGare). The town, with 
, of tbe 1 ■ ■■ 

About 1 M. to tbe K.E. ii tbe L , „ .. _ 

la-ISth cent, one of tbe Bnest of tbe mimerous ebateaux ot the dialricl. 
The chspel contaliu tbe monumeDl of tlie Hirquls de Vaabruc, one «f 
iu rormer owners, wilb good Sgurea by OorieToi. 

Kerond (209 M.) Champlocl, to tbe right, are the tains of its 
15th cent, chateau, once the abode of the wicked Gilles de Laval, 
.Seignear de Ketz, notorious for his eiceasea and cruelty. He was 
known aa 'Barbe Bleue' and is supposed to be the original of the 
Blue Beard of the nnrsery tale. lie was eieuuteil at Nantes in 1140. 
From (217 M.J raradej an omnibnarans to (I'/jM.jSi, Flnrmt- 
le-Vieii, at which is the Qne monument of the Vendean getioral 
Boncbamp (1769-93), hy David d'Angere. '220i/-i M. Anett. The 
railway now qaita ths Loire. 

12b M. Anrmii (Hot. des Voyageura), a town with 5048 inhab., 
lias a chatean of the 18th cent., with parts dating from the 15lh, 
situated to the left, on the bank of the Loire. Joachim du BcIIiiy., 
the poet (1&24-B0). a nativo of tbe towu, U ctmmvemuTa.XA&Xi'i 
moBumBBi here (1894). ~ 331 M. Oadon sttW ^t>i*6X- " " 
damoa of its eastle, dating from the 14-l&t\\ cent.,\iut ToW^*fl 
mm^Cte tbe right). 



IS Ihrijugh the lowo lo FoBirrrattU (p. 237) an<] 

M, lo Itie N.W. 

FoiC A Tslsgnph Office, tdlQlnEng ths Csfe d 

frum thG town ;rupec (ama.), for lbs tiaiiu gC Ihe Pub A Borduu Ul- 
waiV ; Sari d( rElal, an the othur aide uf the town, 1V< K. frum th« Out 
d'Oriduiii, lor IHa Hon tr&iua of ths Llgue da I'EUt (camp. p. ll^ 

5auiiiur, au old town with 18,440 inbab., is Bitastad on As lefl 
hank of Ihe Loire aiiA on an Island in the river. At the end of Ibt 
16th cent, it wsj one of the chief strongholds of ProtesKntism In 
France, and it wis the seat of a Protestant □niverEitr previous lo 
the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. .At that time |_1685] it> 
prosperity greatly declined, owing to the expnlBloQ of the Hnfue- 
nots, but it began to revive in 1TG8, when a large Cavalry SchodI 
was founded here. Its sparkling wines have some reputation. Tlu 
lo»n proper is bai'ted on the S.E. hy a hill crowned with wind- 
mills and a CailU of the 11th, 13th, and 16th cent, (uninteregting) 

Leaving the Gare d'OrWans, we fJoas the river and the islsnd, 
on which aie the luins of a Chntfau of the Qtuen ofSlcUy, built br 
King Rentf of Ai^Jon (Ifith cent.), ft'e enter the town by the PliM 
de U Bilsnge, at the ends of the Kues d'OrUana and de BonleaM, 
which traverse the whole town. To the left Etands the handiomo 
Theatre, built In 1864. Uehind it U the Gothic HCtel de VilU, 
mainlf of the IGtb cent., containing a small mosenm (open to 
San. & Thnrs., Vl-i; closed in Sept.; entr. in the street to ike 
left). Adjacent [No. 3, Rae Conrs St. Jean) is the eiitr*De« lu 
the pretty OiapelU St. Jean, in the Bomanesqao and Gothic atylea, 
with Bne vanliing (when closed, apply at 25 Rue 9t. Jeau). — Tit 
Itue St. Jean leads to the left to the chcrch of St. Pierre, a buildint 
of the I2th cent., with a faf ade of the 17th cenL and a Urge cbapel 
in the RenaisEance Etyle. The S. transept endi in w fine Romin- 
esqne portal. The beantiful choir-stalls date (lorn the 16th centwT- 
The sacristy contains two fine pieces of tapestry (IBth cent.). — 
About '/2 M. to the E. is Noln-Damt-dei-AtdiUim., a domed ehank 
of the 16-l?th cent, (interesting interior), at the foot ef the BttUt 
lies Moullns (view of the Loire), 

The qnarter at the foot of the hill, beyond St. Pierre, conUdW 
the Prof£<lanl Chureh (in the cisisical style), the CoOigt, At 
J<adin del PlanLei, aJid NolTe'Damc-de-NaniiUj). The eitodarot 
this church is nnin tore:; ting, with the eiception of the porta], vbld 
hclougs to the original edifl'.e but has been spelled. Th« IdUiIbTi 
however, partly Romanesque (ll-12th cent.) and putly OoflfCi 
/s nottworthy and contalne souio Im^ortaW. -wiv^m tA «». Qn*- 
itillafs, tapeitry of the 15-18lh cent,, tmoiwot-i ia»i*lmUja!ii"tt.. 
eW.;. — The street opposite tlua aiuicV'j'i^ei-B*"'!'**™""^ 
rj;tat and ends near tt.e Pont Foura-' -^'-^ '"'' ™»«»«.fl 

^^HHBIP FONTETRAtlLT. .f7. Boufe. 237 

Bagneni (me liolow). To te-sntBr Ihe town ws keep to the 

The Eeole lie Cavaltrie, a buidsome huilding neur the river, n. 
little below the lown, contains about 400 pupils In training as 
oaTilry offlcera snd riding-msEters. Equeitrian Exhibitiotu ['Car- 
rousels'] are given in the latter half of Ang. on the Ch/irdrmiwl, 
the Urge BXercise-groand in front of the hsrraclts. — The Churek 
of St. Nicholai dates from the 12th rent, but has been modernized. 

Beioncl the Pout foucord, wbicb ipajis the flmua, an sfnuect of IbF. 
l.i]ire,'al (be end of the Sua da tordeaux p/, M. truni the thMtrol, lies 
n Buhnrt conUinlneibanilanmenniderQiiHrch in the BomanMqne itjle. 
The road divergtmg at lbi« church leada to Batnmx ("/. H. trom tba bridge), 
wilb fl Ooimni, which ■» gne of the largest in eiislenef . II U t& ft. lone 
(lid 22 ft. wide, wi(b .n avcrags height of 8(t., and i.i compoJied o[ilJ»ei- 
ticsl snd 1 hoHioDtal eloaes Opfily to the cuitddian, in u idl'iiiing bonie). 

Fbo« SiLMOB TO FoBIEvMfLt, 10 IT., jte»m-lram 
70 miD. (Cares 1 fr. IS, 1 fr. IIJ c.}. Tba caia Mart at i 
trsverse the Plsoo de l'H«tel-dB-Ville, and folluw th 
Loire. paSBing leveral amall Flatlons. — 10 U. route 
poiseaaeB the iudiIqi of He celrtirsted Miet of Iblt 
ibe lith cent, lij Robert d'Arhrisael. II comprfacd hoi 


Sare d'Orlfios, 

hMween'^lfii in" llirin'ac "tyle of*ilic ca'hedral o'f Angonllms, hoa 
onlj one of its orii;iDa) flie cupulas remainjn^. Heiir; II and Richard ). 
of Eogland, with various mpmbers of their family, were inlerrad in this 
ebnrch, hut the tombs have been rilled and dirstrayed. Fdut flue ilatuea 
of the «th cent-, however, stiU remain, represeolinu these two Plantagenet 
■DODarchi, Elesnor of Guieune (wife of Benry), and Isabella of Angou^c. 

intercBtiBg. ^e remarkable Tarn- d'EcmuU^ fumicily the kllehen, belongs 

F%in GauuiUT to Charlra (Paris), ite p. 198; to la Flii-)it, p. 932. ^ 

Beyond Sanmnr the railway skirts the Levfe dt la Loire, a huge 
embankment 40 M. long, whiuh, however, in spite of its great si 
bns not always been able to protect (he country from (he (errible 
inundations of the river; it was originally eonstraeted between tb 
9th and 13th cftntutios. — 19fi M. Lei Eoiitrs. 

From Lu Boflera an oomibul runs to (2 H.) 0Mnu (fare 30 c.J , 
viUafc slluUed on the left ban); oF Ihe Loire, About UK. farther up th 
river is CunoHll, with a mugniScent Bomsnesqne chuFch, adorned wli 
tine mural piiutings. The elaljorate capitals nf (he colnnma dc5ery 
HtlenltoD, Al Trtra, i H. farther on, is a nuble Keep, iOUCl. hiiih. 

Beyond (200 M.} St, StaOiiiTin (he railway gradoslly recedes from 
the Loire aa it approaches Angers. 

At (208 M.) Tritaii, a village with 5147 inhab., are the prin 
cipal slate-qnarriBS in the neighbourhood of Angers, lo which a 
iuteresting visit may be made. Farther on wo catch sight of the 
lowers of the ralbedra), to the right, and io\n ftiB xeW-flWl \ft" 
vlaLeMaos. — 2i2M. AagMa (Eufftl). sen -p.l^. — ■^\vn\'«V 
M»atM, see pp. 333, 234. 

, Angers. 

ee B. 31)1 Bl. S» 
H (bsyona PI. O, 

3-7, d^J. 3, D. ) fr., wfllipgken 


■la. Wllb one ta<^rse, \<er drira'^'c 

„ .nd a frj with IWQ SoMea, !'/„ ai/., 

Elaotna fciumir— " •"-- "-— ' 

31. AoUd ly, 

It Biglit (In-B) 

Elaotna l^tunvsja. From UiB Oore A. fiouil (PI. E. 0) (o the Oan 
SI. Save (Fl. D, 1) Tli tlie Place da RalUemenl (PI. K, 3) nr tI& Ihe Boule- 
vardi; lo tbe Ronlt d4 FnHi (Fl. O, 1). — From tHe Flaa du RaWmml 
(PL B, 3) to the Plati IAbwoIu (P1. A, 3i) to tbe MadtltHu (be)Oad Fl. 
F, n. 4], twnniutFi; to ths O^nit (on tbe S.) tIS tlia Osre St, Liad(P1.E,a); 
hi <3>/i k.) IV^I<u< (p. auii tj (3 H.) FeoU-ie-Ci (p. 341} ud (li/ilLJ ffrfonf. 
F»rei inc.. 16c. nitb cunegpondance; ^>uuidn Che >i>«n 30 nod 3G:c 

Put ni TsUgnph Office, Place da Ralliemcnt. 

Unitad Btitaa Osmgl&r Aeaat, /. S. LuBom. Em. 

Angtrs, Ihe Aniitgaiiia of the Ramans, afterwards the capitiil of 
-Injou, snd now the r.apital of the OfparXemtnl rfe Maine-ct-Loin, 
19 m ancient and piosperous town with 77,164 inhab., adTantage- 
ODsly silnsCed on the navigable titer Maine, which joios tbe Loire 
6 M. farther down. The town proper lies on tbe left bank, and the 
Eoburb of in Dnuire on the right bank. Angers was formerly very 
badly built and was luiovn aa the 'Black Town' on ai^couol of ila 
Borabre appearance, bnl in the 19th cent, it nnderweiit an almost 
complete trans formation. Its ancient lamparls were replaced by 
bandEome boulevaidB adjoined by modern subarbs, new streets were 
opened up, others were widened and straightened, and nunterouK 
lame edifices, iinayB, and bridges ware constructed. 

„ ^.... ..... ...__. ... ..... _,„ ---of Anjou, out 

Tlie hlati 
r thB grt" "6fl 

9D d^Iilule of ceoerapblcM Indlvldoallly, li 
Mue, u ni. crcDiii«i ii.uiD.rkg. iliDosl esllHly to the enargr and muked 
i^araclet of il3 rulers. Among tbe most JIlustHoug CounU oC Anjou may 
be menliuned Robert tbe Strong («. (60). a Tallsnl adverury of Ihe Koi- 
maas and (oonder of tbe Capet famllyi Foulquea NUrs or Fnlk ttie Black 
(d. lOtO); ui) Kuulques V.. vrbo became K!d£ of laraatltm la lUl. In 
1137 Goutrrcy I-lantBijenct. ion of Folk V.. married this Bmproa Maffld*. 
nnd tlie cuuiilahip nf Aiijuu passed Into Llie pusiEHioD of EDgUnd Do tbe 
atcHJion or their sun King iSearj II. PUntagcnet. In i2M, bowevsr, 4o- 
jon wai reunited io Fience by Phlltp Auiualiis, who wcealed it ttoio till 
foehlB John Lackland. Ip lSi6 the provioOB was liiven by Looia II. lo 
his brother Charles afterwards Kinu nf tbe Two Siclllei. II neit paKied 
lo tbe liouJB of Valois, was afaleaad u an apanage to Lonls, ioa ofKlBC 
.Tobn II. (ISpet, and descended to acn* ol knjoo ^^. Vll\, at whoae death 

t OeligioD (ieeO-98). of Ibe Ltagnc (1B.S3). and 
uUierwifle plnyiag DO fmportnni part in blfriorv. 
■Ida inslBle. The celeliaW sculp In r Ann l-mit 
B, DaM d-Anairt (ITBB-IBBB; p. 241), and (be 

aaUits cou/ge ntiieli bus 'slice been removed to Siumui Qi. 23^° 
he Gore Si. Laud (Pi. E, b) lias oil tfae S. Elde of the town. 

the PIiTB de la Gare we first proueBd to the N.W. to the Plaee 

Viiitution (PI. D, £, 5) and then tncn Co the right into thii 
de> l.iees (PI. E, 6, 4), which crosses the Bonlevatd, du Roi- 

(p. 212} and passes betweon the tower of SL Aubin and iho 
'ctDie, hoth lelics of >. Henedictine abbey of St. Aubin. 
be Tour St. Aubin (PI. E, 4) a a good example of the type "f 
r naual in the S.W. of France at the beginning of the Rothiii 
d, consisting of i sqaaie base soTmoiinteil by an octagonal 
, with fonr turrets at the springing of the spire. In the court- 

0/ the Ptifeclun (PI. E, 4l, the entrance to which ia in the 
1 1^ the right, is a screen of fine arches of the tl-12tb cent., 
rated with sculpture and painting, which Mr. Fetgusson do- 
es as unrivalled even in Franue 'as a specitaen of elaborate 
erance in barbarous ornament'. The other partn of the building 

from the 17th and 19th cenlnrieE. — A iiltis to the N. of the 
3ctiue is the ancient f^mrcb of 8l. Martin (PI. E, 4), said to 
from the Sth century. It Is now a mere fragment, but possesses 
lis of great antiquarian interest. — The Kne St. Aubin (PI. E, 4), 
e end of the Rue des Llces, leads W. to the cathedral. Frocn it 
rgef the Rue Voltaire (PI. E, 3,4), which ends behind the theatre, 

the Place dn R&Uiement, In the centre of (he town (p. 214). 
'he "Cathedral of 8t. Saurice (PI. D, 3, 4) is an interesting 
anesque and Gothic building dating from the 12-13th cent., 
pi the spires of the iwo Banking towers of the W. front and 
whole of the lower between thera, which were added in the 

century. The eight statues of warriors on the central tower, 
h Is surmounted by an octagonal dome, also date from the 16th 
Uy. The Fatade, originally too narrow, has been farther spoiled 
le addition of this tower, but Is adorned with interesting catT- 
of the 12th cent., recently restored and renewed, like many 
: parts of the building. 

if Impustiie elTecl. The Dimiral FaulfiniF, oi depreMei) cnpoUii, nF 

ed'dfG''o(hli:"«ulllii"."Tb8 "chief oh.iMl/onolB''resl^re "be minid 
■Tl.iiiwM, mignlflcent worki of Ibrj iStb. iSib, and tSlh FEnt.i tb<' 
(re, of (he l*-lBlh cent.; * Calwarv, bj Da";ia i'fcoien.Vii * <Sviiv* 
9 Ml; • m. CKilia, by tie game master, in Iba ttuain ttit P»Vi*'t 
ctBl.Jt and Ibe Orgaa-Lo/I. Junporled by CarjaWlts t.Wft> "^^-"^-..C" 
''<. ™ "•» '"fl, i' « noooraeEt to M«r. A-taAouM t.&. \«^''^- ^"^ 
"gy by Booricb^. To Ibe left oI Ite mMMite ^« » ?r ,n ' 


240 Bo«!(32. ANGERS. 

Ijeen eseonted *t BsiKotium. — The tomb nf Ren^ of Anjou (p. aS) wM 
TcdlicoveKd iD UH5 in s vault benEBlb tbe oboir. 

The Sifbop'a PuJace, to tbo N. of the rBthodral, 1b built on tit 
flite of an ancient c&stle of the CoDnte of AnjoD. It d&tB8 ftom tke 
13tb cent., but wee thoroughly lestoied inside and out by YtoUBt- 
le-Dncin 1862-65, and now forme an admiiableexampUDf atDell- 
.-eval mansion. To see the bacti of it, which ii tbe most lataiul' 
ing part of the bnilding, we descend the street a little farther, and 
tam to the right, — In the same street, to the left, aia two old 
TimierHouKs, with carving. TfaereigaBimllarbonaealttflefarftat 
up, at the corner of the street to the right, behind tbe cathedral. We 
now follow tbe winding street that begins immediately oppoeit« lh)E 
house, and torn to the left into the iboTt Rue du Mnsde. 

In this street, to tbe right, are the *Hnieiim (PI. D, £, 4) and 
the Public Librnry, installed in the Logis BarrauU, an intereillni 
mmdon of the end of the 15th cent., built by Olivier BarrauU, Trea- 
surer of Brittany. In the court-yard are someGothic and EenaiMaot' 
remains. The Hnseam, cempridng sculpture and picture gilleriE^ 
and a natural history collection, is open to the public on Sun. sn^ 
Thura., trotn 1-5 (13-4 in winter), and to iUangers on olber days •!»'■ 

The OBODKU-Fiooa is devoiad. lo tbe culleciion of Beulptura. — Vm'; 
BUI.S. PlaiUr Catti ol ancient and modeiD V(it\t ; model of ibe sUMe " 
David (p. SbB). — Boom to tbk biohi. CDnlinuation of ibe plantw-MW 
'■ - ■ "onrti modal for tbe pediniEnI of ibo PantMoD 6l Paris, hyD»™' 

cuts or works by Kaind 

pon (p. 931), 

a pupil orOavId. A 

o: IbW (fefWp 

Narelbm., 71. 

d IhlnHrra 

, M. Jfoih 

«A(, CatbtUai*". 

tbe Vendean 1 



c. Laa Cae 


. Blancii 

rd, Rnpe^BW" 

Lmluff, W»rr 
colourai Tomv 


Sling, r-lc, 2nd Kooii. U 
Walt of Obevrenl. — Sen 

nsravlnej. .«^ 


statue of thllooEinaD. W 

sallerj contain 


of nearly nil tbe wo 

ha of Iba fuKX^ 

and p roll lie 8c 

a few orlfdnal worW. "." 

1 the Bcnlpi 

tH? The" 



n long gallery 

— K 

1.73-76, Bu-relieiafP 




Dentil of 

" (iwr work won Wr W; 

vid Ibf Grand 

aomelj i. 

buit, tbe 

in mnrltlei U 


n b, Ibe Ih 

niame at 


the SpaolA w 

It. — Bu 

Mil. BM 

Bonebamp [p 


Bwloga an 

Bnsls. 28 

Statue o 


Headu of Rlq 

1. Blatde 

!!?"'..'% .^ 



ati of Go 


ma,, nnd imoi 

. . _ _. , i 01-64. BaBBllta of priaHag, N'; 

relief! from Ontenberi-* monumenl al StnasbDrxi 20,37,9. BtataU >' 
Ambroiaa Pard, Bemardln de SI. Item, and KIdc Send of Aojuai ^ 
Funeral of General Foy, baa-nllef < 11). Btatue of General Foyi U. f' 
Another bag-relief from Foy's monomenti 198. Bronte buat of P>(ul°" 
17. Slalne of CuTier; 86, 171. Bronie buata of Tolney and Olivier iitf^i 
7. Statue of tbe Oreat Condt; 39-71. Bai-raliaCa from General SdM"* 
monnmenti 119. Bronie buat of Promt, tbe cbemial; 32. Statne ef Bid'''! 
»7. Itarble linat of Btclard; 33. Hgr. daCbeverBI, Biabor of BoalOBOl*'^'' 
and .dniliblaliup of Bordeaui; 57-60. Bes-reliefl rmm hia mannunK ''• 
SMtoe D/Ontenberei Sfi. Statue of lARt^v Qb-%.%w-i<iU«tt from aoM* 
meat, /n themidiTle: 11. Greelf ftVil aV ft* Votoli u\»M.a»oi.T,>ia\™' 

Miuewi, ANGERS. 32. BouU. 241 

ICirble bast of David, by Toussaint^ on an altar carved in wood by David's 
f»iOiw\ 18. Statue of Barra, the heroic drummer-boy killed in the Yen- 
deal War I 36. General Oobert. Among the numerous busts in this room 
■•7 be mentioned those of Lamennais (No. 165; to the right, near the 
middle of the room), Washington (106), Jeremy Bentham (103), Fenimore 
Oooper (99), Goethe (IIQ), Victor Hugo (149, 166), Racine (121), (3omeille 
dS), Humboldt (167), and Kanaris (176). — Book IV (to the left of the 
pneeding). Model of the monument to Ghevreul (p. 344); casts; paintings. 
— Soox V. DaunuUf After the war •, 54. Boudon, Bust of Voltaire ; 868. 
(htmtty^ Dancing (originally intended for the Opera House at Paris); 
Smk^ Awakening; Bambaiud^ Oath of Agrippa d^Aubign^. 

On the FiBST Floob is the Museum of Natural History, which is specially 
rich in birds, and also interesting for the opportunity it affords of study- 
ing the mineralogy of the district. 

On the Skcond Floor are the Paintings. — On the Staircase : Cartoons 
by Umpveu^ a native of Angers, amongst which are (Nos. 267 and 268) those 
from the ceilings of the Grand Op^ra at Paris and the theatre of Angers 
(p. 344). — Rook I. to the left: ISio, 883. SoUmena, Annunciution. To the 
ritfit: 25. Mine, Lebrun^ Innocence seeking refuge in the arms of Justice 
(crayon) ; opposite, no number, De RicJiemofU^ Legend of 8t. Mary of Brabant ; 
fS. Oirodet-Trioiony Death of Tutius; 65. Qirard^ Joseph and his brethren; 
^▼e, Te»»ier^ Sea-piece. — Bay to the left of the entrance: to the left, 145. 
fatroU^ Joan of Arc; 113. LeprieWy Ganoness; 261. Lenepveu. Cincinnatus 
(youthful work) ; 810. Weneker, Saul and the Wich of Endor ; 806. B. Scheffer, 
Oul. de Sevret; 10. Benner^ Landscape; 805. A. Seheffer^ Marquis de Las 
Oaies. — 412. y. Duban^ Death of a Trappist monk. — 66. Oirard and Van 
^Paeudoneky Lar^veill^re-Lepeaux ; 258. Leneptteu^ St. Saturninus ; 91&.Maignan , 
Louis XI. and a leper. — End - bay : no number, Jug. Langon^ Funeral at 
<-'luunpigny ; 229,227. Ingres, Studies; Giacomatti, Italian girl; 207. De Pig- 
*AV)/fe, Gondola; Ouercino^ St. Catharine of Bologna. Also, Muse of Andre 
CSienier, in marble, by lAmU-No'il; medals; Minerva^s shield, by Simart^ 
gtd other reliefs, etc. — Bay on the other side of the door: to the right, 
^Jaeque. Oxen drinking; 71. Gide^ Sully quitting the court of Louis XIII. ; 
'«7, Flandrin^ Xympheeum; 131. Minageot, Astyanax torn from the arms 
of Andromache ; no number, Leloir^ Baptism of the king of Lancerotte; 
*(5. F<«f», Priam returning with the body of Hector; 182. Minageoi, Cleo- 
P^a at the tomb of Mark Antony; 126. Luminais, The two Guardians; 57. 
^/tofidWn, Environs of Marseilles; 184. Appert, Bacchante. — Lenepveu^ 
«iQ. Sickness of Alexander, 251 bis. Christ in the Prsetorium (two youthful 
^orks). — 174. VeUeTj Alchemist; no number, Krugy Victim of the sea; 
^Anattasiy Roman Forum ; 206. Mercier, Dives ; no number, C/iSca^ Saturnalia ; 
«. Berthilemjfy Eleazar. — Pradier^ Sappho (bronze). 

Boom II. 179. Chardin. Portrait; 851. Murillo, Young man; 48. Detportes^ 
<^mals, flowers, and fruit; 336. DomenicMno . S. Carlo Borromeo. — 282. 
^imish School. Calvary; 37. AficM Corneille, Madonna and Child with St. 
J^; no number, Qarofalo, Holy Family; 816. Lor. di Credit Holy Family; 
B«0. Giordano CO Paradise; 189. MaHe Bouliard (of Angers), Portrait of the 
[*lii«t; 812. Ouercino, Time and Truth; 154. H. Robert^ Fountain of Minerva 
9oine); 880. Van Thulden^ Assumption; 137. Mignard, Madonna, Infant 
^st, and John the Baptist; 8'24. Ribera, Portrait; 373. Rubens^ Silenus; 
ffriaent, 867. Francois Flamand, 366. St. Sebastian; 363. De Champaigne, 
^brist among the doctors; 397. Jlonthorsty Violin-player; 358. Rotten funnmer^ 
gknqaet of the gods; RCbera^ Old man; 386. Flemish School, Holy Family; 
^. Oiofdano^ Adam and Eve. — 273. Tiepolo, Ceiling-painting; 116. LdhHre, 
pie (Janaanitish woman; 274. Italian School , Christ with the reed; 279. 
W3k«n, Ruins; 277. School of the Francks^ The Ten Virgins; 272. Raphael, 
«|ly Family (variation of a painting now at Madrid); 281. VeUizquez, Fruit; 
^. School CifRogier van der Weyden, Calvary; 389. Flemish School, Oaritas 
fiomana; 91. Lagrenie, Death of the wife of Darius. — 874. Snyders, In- 
JVrtd dog ; 899. ran Mieris, Rape of the Sabine women ; 406. /. vati R\xU^Ju.«\.^ 
2*»<'tcapej 402. Poelenburg, Women bathing; 370. Tenlers the Yowt^qer ^ "^Xw^ 
5ge4-tftte; 182. Watteau, FSte champfitrc; 791. Boucher. KV\fe%OT^ ^^'^'^^'t*' 
«i G. Jfarattaf Madonna adoring the Child; 577. Teniera the Younaer .. "S^i» 

BAMDxKMM'a Northern France. 3rd Ed^^ \^ 


2i2 Eoate as. ANGEKS. Slatuteflif^^ 

UDkInd mother-, 131. J. B. Tan Uo, Binaldo and Armida (from DmH 
'jBronlBm DBllverEd'J; piclnrea bf LipriRct, laneM, and iUtr; Sit. I*. 
di Chonsa^iu, IbB diidpjcs u EmmanBi ITS. ^. Fmui. Bea-pi<ut U 
Oreim, Kma. de PuFdni %. Jnf. Cctpil, Ulimpiu taHeiab (in a cdUq 
nftintlDg}: 47. DtipOflu, Foi-hnnti IST. in Tray, Bittuheba. 

EooH m. WorkB bf foilMA- (17e&-lST2), of AagerB; 9S0. Jra*(unr, 
SonitasB^er prediciing ihB pspae^ of Bixtns V, 

Adjoining tha Muaea, with the aatrftnue in Ibe Rue TouEBaiol, 
uTa (he interesting niliia of the ancient abbey-ohmoh of ToiuioM, 
dating from the 13th i;ent,, vMch ma^ be viEiled on appticition U 
the keeper of the Musife. 

At the end of the Rue Toustaiut is the *CABtle fPi. C, D,l), 
which )b Btill one of the most impoaing baildings of the kind in exist- 
ence, in spite of the fact tha.t many of its seTealeen toweia hin 
been caled and though the conBtiuctlon of a boulevBid to the S. bw 
swept away one of its bastions andQlIed in itsimmenee moat, Tkb 
powerful feudal stronghold dates chieBy from the 13th cent; it ii 
built in the form of a pentagon and Elands on a lock dominating Ike 
cuuEBG of the Maine to the W. VisitorB aie admitted to the interiai, 
which, however, possesses little interest. 

Between the Boul. du Koi-Renij and the Konl. du Cb£teau tiu* 
a bioniB 'Statue of King Bsni (PI, D, 1, 6), by David d'Angen. 

Ken^ (1408- aO), secDDil son of Lonl^ 11. of Anjon, bseuaB ruler of 
tbul duuby aod o[ ProTCDce by llie death of bin brolbei Louli III. In UN, 
Hawaa also for :ame time Siag of Naploti, in vlTlue of llie will of JaanuU. 
After a life of mlsCorlnDe, during which be ]ai liaen deprived of ncMtl 
.. .. j„,g3 ,„ ,4^ ._ .,_ 1,. ._- 

QDDE Iha ddvDlfld Habkaflia ].... ... , , 

od watlU- 

Bmn in pea'coful occupation! emoDg l^s devoted ■D\)Jeeu' lell la 
B cullivited Hterslura and Ibe Rne ar!> with great ii ' 

e of bis writlnga ai 



in 'Anne of Oelemeln 


viewed -fif air 

Waller 6 

The pedesl 
b; Savid 

1 of the 

lied bj twelve bronie 


the paladin t and le 


defender uf the Ande«^ 



B,' Hi. °E 


M S, pQulque." v., BaawU 

p Au 

s, Dbarles oCinjuu.'L 



U-, laabell 
t ot Aajou 





BLaval, aeon's wlvei; 


Tn tbe S. is the handsome ehurch of Bt, Land [PI, D, ti'), rebsDl 
in 18T2-82 in the Angevin variety o( the Romanesque style, wM 
transepta, ambulatory, lateral chapels, and a crypt under the t^etlL 
The arches in the nave are supported by very slender colnraua. Ha 
nne altars are adorned with sculptnres. 

We now follow tbe Saulcvard du ChStiau, which runs we«twtri 
to the Maine. It is continued by the Ponl de la Baaie-Oidbu 
fPl. B, C, 4), replacing a Euape nsion-b ridge , which gaTe waj 1* 
1850, during the passage ot a battalion oC infantry, 223 men bri«f 
drowned or killed by the fall. The next bridge farther up ii nain«< 
tbe Font da Centre l^beatinj a sUtue otQti«Ta.L Btccnirtwnt -,«(&■ 

92), tad etill higher up is tlie Pont dt Ui HauU-" -" " 

by tbe old Tower ot tbaltt&ma. ^ to"*^*"" 
*i« town is obtained from tte e^^osXW^^^' 

ANQEKS. 32. Route. 24ft' ' 

In the Btteet beginning at the Pont du Centra is the chiitch of 
La Triiiili {PI. B, 3), another interasting building in the Angerin- 
Romsnesqae style, with a fine tower, the uppei p&rt of which, how- 
ever, dates from the lOth century. 

Dg uilM, oanlaini b fine wooden slilrcue of the Ben^MUDCs period and 
a. fleiue of Cliriil by Maiiiiroa. The aava '<b rDofed witli u lulerifutiuK 
vault in elgbl campartmenM of lomcnlmt NortlierD pttlern, but with n 
strong tunileDey lowirda the domical forniB of the aauthsra Btjle'. The 
detillB ttarouglioat are good, lod Oa esoeial effeot la Is iBtlsfiwtuT} 'in 

ilimlDlibes in bsjih 

iBiib u 

dmrob" (Peri 

In the aune street, to the left, near La Tciiiitd, Is an Irktereating 
Timbtred Hoa»c. Adjoining La. Tiioitn are the ruins of the ancient 
Eglise du Banceray, dating partly froia the 11th cent., and the hu^e 
t>ole dea Arts el Metiers (.PI. B, 2, 3], established in the ancient 
abbey of Konceray, wbicli was enlarged and altered for its reoeptioii. 

Farther on, on the qnay on this side of the Pont de la Haule- 
r.haioe, is the ancient Hospice Si. Jean (PL B, 2), aald to hare been 
rounded in 1162 by Henry IL of England. It now contains an 
AiioBiROLooioAi. Mdseum, Open at the Eame times as the other Mq' 
teaia (p.'240]. The collections occnpy a large and handsome Gothic , 
ti^l, in three equal compartments or aisles, dating from the seaond 
Imlf of the 13th cent, and ranking among the earliest speclmemi Ot 
pure Qothtc architeutoce. 

The muaeum coaLaini tew aotlquiUeB^ l»at a glut many objeeU bo- 

iiorlancc Among theeurloBltipaniaTbeiiieDtioDAdaD antlqae porpbyiyun 
KitU IWQ inuki ot Jupiter, which traiiillDn ireri to be <>nc of lbs wale 
puts from Cona of Oalllee; a very lins figure of a man Imeelliig before 
jirie-Dleui several monumealol lUtues; RnB woud-carvlug fruiu aBeuni 

plicated Ltbels are afQied lu moat oC the objeeU. 

The modern lepreBentitive of the Hospice St. Jean is the ffofc- 
picc-ti6pital Ste. Marie (PL A, H, 1), situated to the left, 
tilnoe beyond the bridge, a building of huge dimensiaiiB, containing 
1500 beds. The chapel is decorated with frescoes by Lenepsaii, 
,\ppert, and Uanban, all artists of Angers. 

Wb now uroES the bridge and follow the boulevards. To the left ia 
the ffoff SI.Swi)(!lPLD,l; p. '2^8), and beyond It, adjoining At 
SHBiinary, Is the ancient abbey-church of St. Barge (PL E, 1], Thli 
chnTcli possesses a Sue loth cent, nace, but the most interesting 
parts are the choir and transepts, which are in the sam 
the cathedral, and are roofed with domical vaulting. The arches of 
tUe nave aro suppDried by enormously thick. ifiUiLiB, -wVwtM, ■iftt 
r.oInmiit in the choir are of the most Blenaw ^topot&iiTia. TVa ■^'-""'• 
ffthe cboir is ioieiestine, consifitinE 3.1 first ot anvie a\i*. io'^'^'' 
'Ufje/'.aincraeting to a nave and single aisles, anS ftn-aWj "» * ■*''';:;,^ 
> Tbeout.r»i,„, terminate in apsea.tlie Uw*™^^":^*^^-*'"^^' 


244 BouK 33. 


We now proceed wilh our circuit round the old ti 
ing tlie bouJeiards. To tbe left of the BonlsTud Ouiuit lies tht 
wall-Btooked Botanic Garden (H. E, F, 1"), which was (onndtd Id 
1777 and forms a pleasant promenade. At the entrance \i i Slalw 
of CSfweui Cp- 239), by V. GnillaoniB, The former PalaiE de JnEliw, 
on the other i\'\e of tbe houtevaid , now rontsing the Poiatonlol- 
tigiciil Utaernn, open on Sun. and Thurs., t%-\. 

F:irther on, the Boulevard da la Majiie sMrts tbe Chimp-Je-Mt 
(PI. F, 2), In which stande the PtUau dt Justice, a modern bnildim 
with an Ionic colonnade, partly hidden hy the nelgbbouring honsu, 
To the S. of ihe Champ-de-Mais ties (he Jardin du Mail I, PI. F, 2,3), 
where s band pliys on Sunday and Thursday. To the tiglit of lb» 
boulevud rises the mtrl de VilU, in an old coUega of 1691. " 
next reach the Place de Loitaine, where a bronr.e statue of i><i- 
vid d' Angers (PI. F, 3), by Louis NoSl, was erected in 1880. 

The Rue d'AlescB, a tittle farther on, leads to the right te 
Ptare du BMiemtnt (TL E, 3), forming the centre of tbe town. 
Iti this Place ate the Thtatre, a flne ediflce rebuilt in 1865-71 uii 
adorned with paintings by Lenepteu and Dauban, the Orand-HtM, 
a still more recent building, ami tbe Poit and Teltgraph Offm, 
rompleted in IB91. — In the Rue de Uspine {PI. D, E, 3) si ' 
the •Kfltel de Pino* or Holel d'^njou, one of the flneei pr 

n Angers, erected about InSO, but larKely ie«loted f* 
The inierior, intiitesting foi Ita fine ceilings. chiainii)<- 
., cDiitaius a small Museum of antiquities 
in hronia, ivory, enamel, etc., open aa t 


"uf TrU^iui^ 

Lu Soatt'it-Ot (Cbiml Blane; dtlaLu^t: i 


of (he Kom 

leiU from the B 
as (p. 242), •ayS, 

d Willi W« 

T bridgiM. Tba UM 
leen, ii nlmott > I. 
L-ery anclcnl arigiu, buat Ik 
repealertly bten the objesi rf 
in to inodfiii ilmea. A (tiMI 

inllioPoolSt. M.i; "~ 

iiway In l'/.-2V, I 

le orfortiacai 


>., lUttiM 

a an lain- 

ffiuiim Jhmee. 

I Uw lO-Ulh centoriw. 
.0 lA llant and FaH> Hi 
- 'til Aoudwi (Poilia-iS, 


"S3"» ifeih? 

Kulwa; BtBtioDi. Tlie GriBidi 

-( dOtiiaoi (FI. a, i 

SulTet), tile princiiiBl ataliun, Ilea lu t 

he B. of Ibe 

town. — The Oari dc I 

ia Una In the direetio 

uf Breal, lies nearer tba centre uf Ibe 

town, hot tie 

ttcre, nor luarage repMeted, except fi 

or the line lo 

St. NH^lre, Qu^rand, 

and Lo Ctulsic, BDd for the Bniit 11 

oe to EaaoB, 

. - The Core JtariMm 

CPl. A, B,S), further an on llie isine 

line. It oolj 

■Xbe OaridirBtal(Bi.C,D,5i Bulttt), 


For the line I» Bordeitu 

Bected with the Gin d' Origins bj a JDnetion-line, and tlie tTolnsBIsit from 
either, iccurding lo Ihs dlieclion In which thef are {^oing. 

Hsteli. HdiEi Di Fbabbb (PI. I) D, B), Plnee Ornalin, pleesenUj 
eitualed, but U a diatance from the alatlons, B,, L., « A. 3-11. B. P/,, a«. 3, 
-D. i, limn. Vi fr^ de BHEiinas (PI. hi F, B). k>iB de 3trBabon7e ^, peni. 
from iarr.;!)EaTo>AaEV£e(P]. CI D, 3^ RneUollore S, B., L,, tA.Wt-bl/i, 
V. !■/•, d(!j. S, D.Si/i, omn. °/i fr.i nu Gohhebcr (PI. di D, 3), Stis 8an- 
tcutl 19) DE Pahis (PI. f ; D, 31, Kue Bolleoo, B. rn.<m 3, d^ 3, D. Si/i fr. i 
,^ ,j p gj^ p,„jg Dochesse-Anne, B. 2-5, A. ■/,, aij. S'/i, 

a the Place du Con 

a Cigalt 

Cambronni, both PJac 

rlej ; at the ^dM du Ci 

(/■b». Wllhone borae, per 'eourie' Vltli., per hr. aV«'f>; 
~ " " !Viff-i "'III ""0 hories, 2, HVj, and S fr.j 'Vo 

ilse- sligbd) 


compreased air). F 

rom the Placi 

1 dn Commerte 

.«Me) lo o™ 

len, on the 

E., .ii Ihe aare d'Cli 


, trwarm-nfi 

the quays i 

to Kr™«, on the 8 
, via the kue de Bli 

., "a'tho Oil' 

i, on the K. 

tbe Parit Read. 

the If-E., vi 

ii the eaihe 

drnli lo Oraimd ac 

T)v"(?-if™HM.- fareaiOc; 

one, SOc. 1 

. — Omnibwti 

p ply In the 



imer from tbe Qnai r 

!e la Foase, [ 

.D,3), to r'l 

onching at B»B>e-lT. 

dre (p. 363), 

IndrM [0. 863), 

jerOn^{p.KB), L'PelU-H 

in, LeMlBron,indPi 


1 the journer down In 9-3>/,, up ii 


9(.' NaJaTre 

fr.i retora-tlcket ai 

rallaLle liy r 

ectioB B, 4, 

•PI, fr.). B. 

— Sltam Fur 


1 of the He 

'I. C, 4). 


■iire (PI. D, 3), Pl< 

ice Orajlloi 

ThiSIn dt la 

miijauM (PI 

.D, 1,2), PI 

• (PI. D, E, 2), 

e HerciBBF. 

Poet k Tel 

:egmph Ota 

ee (PI. E, 3), i^ual 

e and Bub . 

La Peyronie. 


Lo-h. Hue 

a, Bne in Cal- 

re 8. Alrir 

Lars, between the I 

le Peydean an 

Britlih Co. 

..^.'b. /-a. 

inctfiili, £iq. — TJni 

(ad BtiLtea C. 

maul, /Dispfi /! 

mm, eig.! 

., Uiram D. BenntU, 


Engliih 01 

,«ch 8e""i. 

It in the French Pr. 

oleatanl Chur 

ch, Rue do (31- 


KanU), the capital of the Dfparlemettt dc la Loire'lnfcricun, 
tbe lieadquaiters of the \lth Corps d'Atmfe, and tbe eest of » 
biebop, la a Wwn with 123,900 inh&b,, eitna-teA ni»\u\i qi\ 'fia* tv^\ 
bint of tba Loire. The river ramiflBS lieiB iiAo !i\t mto*, rav^^ '^^ 
eeivea tbe waiers of tbe Erdre and the 8ii>iB-N(tntftl«t,*eBft\*"*>'^ 
loving Into It (o tbe S., beyond Ihe islands, Aa latmai cotow?."''^^ 
le ff and traversing (l,e town before iW conftueivtB. "^l-a to«vso'w.«J 


andinauBtryofNatiteshavBlDOgrflnderediloneot the moBlBouiisli- 
itig tovnii ID t'lHiicfl, &nd with regard to popiil&tion it ranks le'entli 
in the country. Its liscboiir haE latterly tost much of io in- 
poitanCB, the approach to It being too nanow for the large «hipa 'f 
modem times, bnt in 1881 the anthoiities hegan the conetrnclion 
of a lateral canal, which, it Is hoped, will cestore tbe town to iIie 
rank It has lost. Sugar forms the principal article at commerce \n 
Nantes, and the town contains eaveial luge sngar-refineriei. t'f' 
hacco, sardines, and pTeserved meals of all liinds are also KmoH 
the chief industrial products, and the outskirts of the town >t< 
thiekly Bprintled with iron-works, ship-biiilding yards, cotton-mi H^i 
glasa-works, and other factories. 

San tea was foandad anterioi to iLe Komao conquul, but iU MlUCTi 
udUI Um end of tbe 15tb ceol., may he munmed up in the record oMI' 
•'.mg^lM wllta the Eomana, Iho KormaoB, the Enelish, aud the Fieaoli i> 
ili^renee of iti own indKpendeiice and the independence ut BriltanJ. 1> 
urlage of Anno of BtittMy "1" 

ire WM ploiJet^ tij (pod'j 

with the crown > 

la Bolemniaed 
jfFranee. M 
of Charles, al 

aid si 

dUTJo^ tbe warj 

of the Lcasoo, but finally sabmitted to Henri IV inlW- 

_ _ April in thatyearWBB ijsned the famonsMWWS'*!* 

«rantliie the Frntestuita lilierty of wurab))] and a<luaL polltlnl licbW *i** 
the Boman Calholica. KsDtes van FnvDnrable from lbs Ter; Iie^nlnl W 
the cause ef the EevolutloD, sod vietoriouily relisted the Vendeut V 
17931 hut ceiertheless the Coioitd du Balut Puhllc scut tbe firodM' 
< arcler hjtber to aappress tbe tcbelKoD. This monitet went br tHTOB' 
his Instmetlona, oidttccd the execution, without trial, of aU wbo bwlW , 
imprisoned, and. Undine that tbe uecutlouor'i axe and the ruslUadlnf •> 
hnodredi at a Ume were too IneipedJUous modes of accompliiUgt '>' I 

. _ — Q,„^, iDTCDted the Sni/idai, or ■Drownings en muac', ■■»■' 

'^'?,^',.'^i^f.P ' " ' ■ "■ 

, recalled, aai 

Band persons, if not more, perished by bis a 
leu than four moDthi, unUl at last be htmae 
aent in hli lorn lo the ■cad'old. 

Nantes is nowadays a handsume modern town, hot the abiei"^ 
of main thoraughfares makes it difficiilt For tlie stranger to i"* 
his way about its streets. Its most charactetislii! fentures MB tb" 
iinmetous bridgBB oier th« different arms of the Loire antl *' 
Rrdre, the haibcur, and the fine housee of the IStti cent , irlil'* 
line the qnaye. Thereare, howerei, eompuatively few bolldioC 

The railway from Orleans is prolonged along the quays AH ' 
way to RaBse-Btetagne fli. 341. .^ short distance from the sUtio"! 
to the right, opens the Plaa Dveltesee-Anne (PI. F, 3), whow *J° 
Coiira Si. Pierre (p. 249) and the new street desoribed M p. 3« 
begin. On the flight of steps ascending to the Gours ie the Uontu'lf*' 
FourleDraptau ('for the Bag'), erected in 1887 in memory otl87D-''- 
On one side of the Plare rises the Cutis (PI. F, 3), an iiDpO«"f 
ioifding ofraty ancient oriEmi^itw tta present form datln gwijg | 
frooi the end of the 15th cQivtivt^. \^VaJ\ lotmm\^ wa^KniWMBafa 

^mXat. ffi.l. Museum. NANTES. 33. Rouli. 247 

onfl of lh«m, which wai used »a > ))ov(ler-magaEiiie, was blown up 
in 1800. Viaitcrs may snter the interesting toarl-yiird, -whers wa 
m&y notice the Oraad Logia. a ReuaiBssDce edifice, which has been 
TeEtored, and the 8oUe det Oardei. There is ilso a Urge well, with 
an lion coping. The interior of the castle U nniiitetesting. 

Tbs caille »iig laog atti u a Btate-prlioD, ud Cird. de OelE lieei). 
Fouquet, and Ibe Diicleii of Bertl (1^3!), mafher ot IliB Comle de Chun- 
iHird, where eonHned barf. Tbe laat woe arrested in Ko. 3 Rur. Haute du 
Ch&lci.a(beblDdUieGistle4 iJailora admitted), >iler Iricg cun Healed (or tlie 
beat pari of a daj In a imili roces« bebiad a fblmney on IbB third flour. 

We contiime to follow the quays, passing the end of the Rna 
de Slcaahourg (p. 346), and cross the canalisBd Erdre at its Jnntlion 
with tbe Loire. Farther on, in the Place du Commerce, stands the 
Eicftunjre (Tl. D, 3), buUt in 1792-1812, To the left la the small 
He Feydtau. We neit reach the Qan de la Bourse (PI. D, 9), 
already mentioned, and the Quai dc la Foait, ekiitlng the harhour, 
to which we may return after visiting tlie Interior of the town. The 
Edict of Nantes is said to ha^e been signed in the Maison dc» Tou- 
rtlle.- (No. 5). No. 17 also deserves iltention. 

llie Rut Jean-Jacquta Eawiau (PI. D, 3), which leaves the 
quay between the Exchange and the Gare de la Bonrse, leads to 
the Plact Grailin (PI. D, 3), the centre of the town. In it slanda 
the Grand Thidtrc, built in 1788, but eeveral times restored since 
(hen , with a Ciorinthian colonnade surmonnted by the figures of 
eight Muses. The vestibule contains statues of Oornellle and Molicre 
by Molkneeht and the anditotium has a fine ceiling, painted by 
ftippolyte Berteaui in 1881. 

To the S.W. of the Place OTuHn extends the Conn de la Hi- 
pabliqae or Cambronne (PI. C, D, 3), a promenade embellished with 
a bronze alatna of Ocneral Cambranne (1770-1842;), a native of the 
environs of Nantes, erected in 1848. On the pedestal is inatrlbed the 
answer he is said to have given at Waterloo: 'The guard dies, but never 
surrenders'. The statue was executed by .lean Dehay, a native artist. 

A little to the N. of the Coura Carabtonne, in the Roe Voltaire, 
stands the Ecok dei Sdfncci (PI. C, 3), erected In 1821 , and med 
llrst as a mint and then as a court of justice. Ita handsome facade, 
in the dasBlcal style, with a sculptured pediment, is turned towards 
the Place de la Monniie. Besides the law-courts it now contains 
an important Xasenm of HaturSimistoTy (PI. C, 3), open to the 
public on Sun., Tues,, Thurs., and holidays, 12-4 (closed in Sepl.1. 

■the antriuiee tu <lic muaeam la In tbe Place de la Doboaie. — On Ibe 
loti'gf, Mirnratogf, 

lerlptive labels afilied Ii 

— uu Miu cim-f ri.uuK iri (Le ZoDlOgiOal CollBcUon. AU ■ ^iBbB. 

a soldier, WJIed l,y iIib Vendeima in ^IK, w^ iei^.aM\«i.^i« 
J (,. iiive ■ rfruiu maJe of hia akin, so ttM 1ib ■ni\%W, «,Tv«v.v>t >■! 
ror io ibjue 'firi^ands de royallslea' afleT Us ie».V&, W» -"«^ 
"ajfri 'iba (ollecUon of tialiei Woi^ to™'?^^^^ 

'oms cDDia/n a good herbarium. ececlmeiiB ot fooi. »t^- 


248 Boule 33. NANTES. ma€t T. DoM^^^ 

A little fatthflt oil ie the Mniis T. Dobria (PI. C, 3), conshtttit 
of an old conn try-house of the bishops o( Nantea (16th tent.} »nrt 
m exlensica pile of new balldings, crer.ted ihont 3D feus ego by 
T. Dobrfe In the Bomfttiesque Etyle of the 12th eent., and pmwitdd 
to the town in 1894. 

•Aluible Jftuia i'ArclUolofft, com\Ma\ag (he Kerrlen, Sledltr, mni Da 
PtrBDleBO Oollecllona, etc. (SDedall; obieotl from anolenl Nanlci). Twi 
caUJuguui hBic been publliheS, Bud a third Is in pnpHitlDD. 

A monnnienUil sltircue uundi to Ihs Bret floor on wbleh la Ikt 
J/'jf^e T. Dobrii, compriilng importAnt hlhliogrs-piilcal ciillecUoEU, a CAbiul 
of eagraiioes willi splendid ipectiDens of the principal Fleoilih and d(r- 
rnnD mutcn, nod a {^alleir of Trench coilnmee alnce Ihs Kme o( Louis Xln.i 
hesidcfl works of art of crery description, furoltarfl of the IMictiease Arm, 
u aJmgat ciimnlate htIbi of lite coins of the Dukes of BHUsb;, and n 
ejicrUent collection of autueraphs. Gotuervslenr-DlrectcDr, P. d« IMt 

"With the tIbw ot freeing the Museum, wlikh It of Cflneid«nblt 
Iniportsnee, the houses of three atreeta are now being taken down. 
When tbeee works are finlEhed , the Museum will be nnricAlleil In 
the provinces of France. 

The Roe Votture leads to the W. to the church of Notte-Daint 
I p. '251), but we follow it to the E. to the Place Grasiin, and thai 
take the Rue Oi^illon (PI. D, 3]. To the right, at the Qrat erow- 
street, ii the Pabbaoe PommeKatb, a handeome and much-&«- 
qnented arcade, with the pecntianty of being in three stages, wiA 
connecting Btslieasea , owine to the fact that the streets which H 
joins are not on the aame level. It is adorned with statuettes tf 
Debay and medailions by Orootaers, both natives of Nantes. Il 
emerges on the other side in the Rtie de la Fosse, near the BoatM. 

The Rue Cr^bUlon ends at tbe Place Bayale (PI. D, E, 31, tn- 
other scene of great animation, embellUbed wilb a large m(»deii 
'fountain, in gtanlte, by DrloUet, with thirteen bronze statDes iti 
statuettes by i>ticoinniun and Gruofdcri. The mstble statue on ito 
top represents the town of Nantes; tbe others, in the basin btUw, 
represent the Loire (seated on a throne) and its principal afltnciA 
the Sftvre, F.tdre, Cher, and Loir. 

In the vicinity rises the handsarae modern church of St. Kteolll 
(PI. E, 3), deotgned by Lassus in the Gothic atyle of the 13tli osRl. 
with double aisles and an imposing tower, 378 ft. high. 11m aMt 
atriking points of the interior are the triforium, below which OB 
a beautiful band of foliage; the high^attar, in white marble, ^ 
hae-reliefs and a ciborium terminating in a lofty pyramid ; tha^Ull 
choir-sere en ; the pictures, by Delannay, in the trans ept-ehaftbi 
fAe FfBJned-glass windovs', tUs aUat in tbe Lady Chapel; miHt 
toiali of Mgr. Fouruiei [A. l6T."l,\!wt>n^ oV"¥.Mi.'ui».,\^'e(«,\ta)i,^l)(^ 
Tbe Rue de Feltre, passyng ^WiWT> fea daav-'B. ^A^it^^ t a ifc i lfc l 
tbe old Picture Gallery Ccotnp. p.'iWi'i is^wntavo ■*■-''»«■ •«s— 
'- — ■- ■ ginaged thicmgh flio o\i t\vi»A« ^^ 

^VHIV >A?rTES. 33. RoWe. 349 

IPL. E,F. ?)*vradE&inu>>drl*I>KbK««-A<n)e(y. ?46V torn- 
inE with it Kat iw (Uniie (■ iB^maal ncv may of mnr. 

At Ac end ^ Ik Sae LafftreOe, vlikk diTerf«t frao tb* Kh« 
i« CUMnn. if &e hlmiB «■ I«stioa (PL D, )}. i lufe uid \u>*- 
rome Imiliiiif , daiitie fr«« 1849-53. In Ike centre of ifae fKc«de 
is a co1orD*de tmimamaiai by in ■rcide, vritb ■ flne frsap b; ^i><^> 
of KanteE, npremitiBg Imtit* protecting Innixente agtinft Crtme. 

We □«« letan to tke dinid of St. Mcclu, dracend to the 
Trdre, and aost it, in oidei lo leub Ibe BaKe'Gian de-Roe on tbe 
opponte bank. In thif Etieet, to llie ri^t, is tbe fhnrth of Sir, Croix 
(PI. E, 31, elected in the 17th »nd 19th cenmries. Its tower U 
f lumonnlpd by Hie leaden Bil/ty tma the old Hold de Tills, adorn- 
ed witb genii blowin* Imnipets. — The Kue Ste. Ctoi^. to the left. 
»nd its rondnnatioii, the Rne de U Baderie, and the R«e de U Jnl- 
i^erie, roniain Eomc inleiestiiig old bonse<. Ve now c[o» tbe Km 
■it Slratbaurg (PI. F,2, 3f, ahandfomemodernEtceet, vhith traverses 
the whole E. part of the town in a straight line from N. to S. 

A little fartbet lo the E. stands the Ckthednd of 8t. Fieir* 
(PI. F, 3). The rebuilding of this chnich, dating from iha Roman- 
esque period, WIS undertaken in the lOth cent., but was neTer 
llnicbed, and tbe small 12lb cent, choit long stood in incon^niaui 
combination trith the more ambitious W. end. The work, however, 
was resumed and vif completed in 1893. The facade is Banked b^ 
two towerE, and the portals are richly adorned witb scnlptares. 

The loftt nare proilncH a 'erv fmpofing eflecl. Tbo IritoHutn li 
wnrllll of naticE. TndET (he Dr^an an Jlln-nlimi and SttHIU Of the Ifitb 
fonl., recenUr reaiored, represeniing Menes figui tbe Uvea of tbe oarlj fa- 

door, are a itaine (if St. Panl in a niche rf Ibe IBth century. Tlie lilt 


nd mooiners lattice, to tbe ttebt, li i 
iiiEbter of the deeeaaed, wbo erected th 

rinaUca, PruH- 
]» anrrODDdel 

Id tbe V. Irunaept l> the -Tomb or I.aiioRicitEK, a native of Nantei tVXH- .^H 
ea). Tliii impoBlnE moflen monument <■ Ibe joint work of tbe anUletf ' ^^H 
BoitU and (be Kolptor Pml Buioli. Below a canop; lie) a vblle nublf ,^^^H 
ReureoftliEeensTali at the en n on are bronisltatuBS uf Bltton, Cbatll» ^^H 
anXiarr Conraee, and Filth, and bas-rcllera run alonE Iha «ljei. ^^| 

The street to ihe left of the cathodtal leads to th« tVe** 

J.«itiMXVI.lPI.F,3), in the middle ot wMe\i \« fc Coluwft , ^ ^'^• 

bJgb, aormottnted by a SCalut of Loiiii XVI., t-j ■^AVw.'i'^'t- "^"^^ 

^J'^Bbee between Ibe Court Si. And^f. al\a Ae. Cmwa Rt- **""' Vw^ 

HfW '•*''"? ''een faid out as a promenaae ^l^ '^'^■^^ "^*^ ^iwN^"*' 

2bQ Kovtt33. NANTES. Picture GaO^^^ 

witli otli«T mediocie statues by Holkneclit. The Conn SL AdM 
entendB to the left to tlie Erdie, while the Couie St. Piem deiwndb 
(0 the right, passing behind tha rhoit of the cathedral, to the n»c( 
DnchesEe-Anna and the Quti de Is Loire, near the cbste&n (p.34G). 

In theRueBt.Ol^Qient, whicli leids Id thcB. From Ibe Pla«e Lanlt xn. 
I] the bandioms new cborcb cfSI.CIiinnI (Fl, Q, (2,3}, in Hie Ootbic iMa 
iif Itae iStii csntnry. Tbe cbiM of Ibe CimMnI di lo FitUaUM (PI. 0,9, 
TaHber to tbe E., coatuns some inlere^ting paintings by Elie Delanna]. 

In the Rue du Lyctfe, lo tbe K. of the Cnora St. Pierre, it Ibo 
Ticw *1lniie da Felntnn (.PI. G, 3\ an extensive pUe erected in 
1893-97 hy C. JoBso (open daily, 12-4). It ia one ofthe best prn- 
vi[irlal mnseiiniE in France, and conUine more than lOQO piotnret, 
imon; which the modem French masters are promineut, lb« Bt!t 
names from the 18tL cent, to the present day being represented by 
n, series of eplendid works. As the arrangement was still nnflnished 
in autumn, 1898, we mention the most noteworthy piclnres arranged 
in schools and in alphabetical order. 

(i> the Bhspherdai /randni BoHni.8(VI. HaHvll/ o(' lh« Vlrftas floWMld, 
Hadumui Calabrut, Cairiatbeallng Ibebliod man; CaaaltHo, View otVta- 
Ice, FlaiiaHaToca at Borneo Cararnggia, Portrait of MmiBlf , DeliTcnnI 
Ki, Peleri CniUiiUime, Hoab'a ■luinci:, Entcrinj the atk; Ptrtre da Ctr- 

L iliUi Aaatbti h 

Madenaa, Infant (Tbiiit. and Jiiha IbeBupiiil; OtnvlHi, Parlrail ofaVNt- 
iUan; <7<uriH, Carnival at Vaoice, Assembl; of Vuetlan noblei at lU 
Doge'l palBce; •Ovircfao, Phoclon rffuiing Ibe preaanla of AlfriaBdU; 
'JTnrly /laHim aoott, KadDnDai lliil. Sdimt b/DKI«M« 

Madonna; •LortoMO i,iini>. Woman taken in adnltsi?) Jfarana. St. ]mi|W 
Ifcrii Paaaini, £n]n>| •PtrngitiB, Isaiab and Jeremiah; SiiaiHaii iM ^emit. 
BMrloe of lbs Croat; floMiUi, JudiibiSalcaJorfisia pliLandicapei 'Amlna 
•III Earlo, Cbarit}, prDbabty tbe Ortt iludr of the Buiuect. whicb the artlH 
boB repeated three times; aattoferrnlo, Heed oT Ibe Virgin^ l^tolo rfraaaii^ 
Pnrlrril of a princBaa, Old copy of tbe MarriaEe f ■ "-- " " - - 
donna and Infant Christ, with uinla; SlUla, Aum. 
of tbe man with the patsy, Canveral on of ZaetaEna 

;.. tVni (!), Portrait of ■.cUU; fiMlBV 

M Btucai or au isa'cmi^iah 

lanlBee; Fnn^iftr iftW, Fortrait; floHttffn/, AdotaUno^of Ot 

Shepherds; JfarvfiP), fit. JBromei juarvtvM am /torrtrnana, timnmrr ■»■ 
bis wife; Van dcr ilealm, InvutmeDl of Lnicmbonrgt Efla't nm dtr AA 
ConBtgrattoa an the riveraide^ Ptititittirg, Bulna; fWtau Of SUr. Psr- 
Ir^t of D lady; Poartiu Bt yevngrr. Prince Htnriee of OranB*; J>l>ll^^^ 
Lanilscapo; QmB»b, Interior; •Simbriaidt, Portrait of b!» wift (7)i JMI^M. 

Triumpfi of a warrior; Sihn.oii, The little Blear— "■ " '--' 

)'« Vtitl. Head of a man; nnct-Boani, WooA 
reuHf/r, SI. Theresa! tSman da Fm, ?ott^^^l-, Ph. W' 
pn^ariBglo start; Pnlnmrn Mniin- o/lh« iai).c»>.,'« 
_ SciiiBH SoHooL. HnTWai]ieEia£ri:*l,'tw'>™™* 
•Brmfj-inirdrplajer, Aonunclaann W ilie> Staev>'^«*' 
ibB aoetorai VelaiqHu, Portrait o( » ^iraii? P""'* > 

' Pfelure GaVery. NANTES. 33. Sou 

FBkhoh Scaooi.. Jam Asdri^ Meditation of S(. Calherica 
rail*?, Repentant RigdileB. CharipUe Cordai ; Bin. Maflness of 
lOfVi, Plalifn^baU; BeiOar 

BtnleBeld; rmuvin-, Fureed mirdi in Onn-, Cti/pa, DMn dlMDrerlBg 

.Kneu 'nrl AchBlcav Carton, The roniiE Diolheri CobM^v, On the bukB 
cf ihe Seise; Comml, Tbe end of tbc ecTvlce; Debaf (of Ksntu). Epiiode 

; BnloTDcfe, CWldbood nl 


>r till' Eeole des Benni-Arls ud (or tlie Hide- 
A paiDTinfs); J. F- Dilauaav iot 
>de>. David anil Oolinlh, Death 

ie brother (wi 

ft L&ndacape : FromtViit^ 

prlionari ICB. jC. Oirmg, 

. . .. . >f H. da St.KDFTS and hia 

irHaiarelli; Bamon, Juggler; ^1. Bmi, Cirl urrylng 

cardluil Tialiing 

• t-n/oai. Ai>oibcorii c 
^ Bire, Hal; FamilT; 

middle a|B3| Saltitr, Camano, the daiou; OnJrv, BnaUe ecsne, Wnlf 
hnoti JWfT, Pleaaure-partj; Baffaim, Rar-piidtdplii^Uiif hlj pipe; Wmonrf, 
Bridge nf Oevula, un (faa SImploa; Xi'iraHJ, Pnr^ti Liap. Koiert, Tlia 
hermit of Hte. Epomen, Oir]« hi thine, ^' ""iB flahera; E. Rot/tr, Tha 

tlie ball; PMl. SonuaiH, Tha search for perfeetiun; Th. Soviuau, Lud- 
acape; »niM, Et. Biinaventura; J. Srht^ir, The eharilable cliSldf flatiK'r, 
Fnner^ of a martyr In Ihr Bomaa eataeaiDbs; Etfalon, Athalla pulling to 
■leatb the prineu of the hnnie of Uari-I| SItUa, AuumpUoni miiOm, S- 
meiaJiti (Victor Huio), OdaUaqae Oirl reading, SuMiyroj, The henait 
(I*(oBUlne)i ToHhMiBil. (of Hanfei), The reading IcMoii; ValmHa (d» 
ifouHsBffiM), The pilgrima to iLnunauj; B. Vcmtt, Abrabam ejecting Baeor 

Ai^uat DiradrMine, GbriBt in Gelbaclnane; DrntrmmBrt dv ClMcle (of Kante^, I 
rbild wilb a eruehopper, Prierteai nf Elenais, etc. ' ' | 

The JftTdin dM PluitM (PI. Q, 3, 4] is pniUy laid ont as a pub- 
lic pramenada, with an elaboiatis arrangement of lalieg, vaterfitlE, 
rodtE, giDttocE, and other artiflcUl Bdommenls. II alao contalus flue 
groves anJ sienDes of ma^oliati. There is snnther entrancs In the 
BoalsTard S^aBtopol, ni>ar the Gare d'OrHsiis. A h&nd plajs in 
■be garden on Sandays. 

Wb may walk aJong the Qaai de la Tosse , ■wVVcSi atViM *ife Vm- 

bonr, cnming islde, ftewever, to viait tl\B domBi li^iwitla o^ TAfAtt- 

Oimc -de-Bon-port fPI, il, C, 3), bnill bet-we-iiv V%*ft i»i V«*->"2 

MMrdecorsr^d iri«h scnlptnres and painlitiRB. kmoiv?, t^'^H 

252 Itoute 33. PORNIO. 

may be mentioned a [.ast Supper by Picon, an AAlUHimmkit 
ChaloC, a Descent from Ihe Cross after Jouvenet, and in AEiSmpliOn 
after Marillo. 

The line Ae rHermltsge, to the right of the Qnai d'AlgnSUnn 
(PI. A, 4], leads to ail avejine by which wo may ascend to 5t(. Anw 
I beyond PI. A, 3), a madam church In the style of the 16th centarr. 
A stairoaBB, at the top of wbich is a colossal caat-iron stanw of 
St. Anne, by Mfiiatd, also leads from the qua! to the avenue. A Bat 
view is obtained from the top. The cbnrch is ■ pilgrimage'resert 

From KaDlea Id Sral, sea K. 34; lg Boideaiix, ass Baedltr't «hU- 




(fares B tr 

B6, 1 fr. SO »,, B fr.}. Storlin 

from the G« 


ouehlbB bi^auliful vaJlfl 

lag (IB 11.1 



YET hecomM nayigable. 


y (ChemiD ds P 


OH NuTia 

1\ tT™^Yh. BO, a"h' 

r de rSUtl 


-3 b» (far 


). Tb. traia. 

are tD«H4 

i>ana (nee p. 345). Wa 




OOB g"'|j"2^ 


B the esnt 

and which It o 


, Uee (he (b.llo« l« rf. Snm4-Li«. 


U. lone and S" 

'm. twu. 

1 U91/, «,) SI,. 

Pofiiuit OS dtvergs fri 

8 11. 

81. ff.laif*rf<-(anMo»., Ihe iunolion o 


linBloPornto l«belinr)i 

1 M. 

Bl. PtTt-t 

-R<b, will. 3(^0 iDbaMUnU 

f the 

tooulb of 

the Loire and of 8t. N 

B (p- «3) bJfo 

« rvaaUai 

a M 

81. FtaBd 

- SB'/, M.„uf [ifdW 

f'lntWJ, a de 


iUi 2180 inhab- 

slluiied on tba left ton 


IhE Loire, loo 

Dlayel ai 


thaport ofNaoU, bu( 

U-»iBg lO 

uch Palm 

d In 

W. laat 


Bin. Ukini! IIh boat fna 


a (tee bqlo 


aolu or 81. Ka 


.OB N,»TK 

I" -".?."-■ I»"l.'^.'>:. 

y (Chemlo rtc Far A 

a l-Etal, u 

Fo (19 M.) «. auatn-i^CHaUi-iM, see abo>p. — 38 M. Bimrgnff. tf 
rmtil pott of iMa aame Ilea I'/i H. to tfae W. of Uie itatian, on a ^uf. 
nhiDh, tboagb daDgeraa*. if frequEnted by flahine-boaU. It la boidaval 
hy talt-maiibea. An onmlbiis tub) hence id (Se H.) JfolnumUtr ((m 
IkiBUtir't 3buU, . Walm Franc^. — BO M. ta Biriirli I) a imnll aeapoit 
and batbiggnHDrtj 83i/i M. i« OUom. — afl'/i "• Pernio (Bsiil d> A'awi 
clu Jf01<, R., L., £ A. i-S Ft. I di bi i'la^e), a small leapart. wUeH nakf 
with Le Ctoisis and Pornlcbat (lee n. 3B!I) among the aoit Fiaqaenlal 
9ea~batbliu reurti in Ibis diiirici. II li built on the el.ipe of a UU, 
tbe lop of wtalcb eommandt a fine view, and paueiaai a (MMmh d( Ika 
IS-lllh cent., a ChahlnaU Sprint, and many pleaHat Tlllas. Id the nabk- 
hDUTbood are leveral small shellered cuT^e, with Bna land; beacbea. PnnI* 
)1 Iba leane of Bromln^a -Fidne al (he Falf. AboBi WA M. to Iba W. 
li FrifaUUM (Hotel Sle. Harie), to nhicb an nmnUiBi in conaecUoB wM 

The beaeb !• pebbly and tbe lea-waltr very atrong. In the nelghlraa(boa4 
It Qali'Hard, witb a ehalybaale ipring. Aboal !j H. farther in tk« Wh 
at tba moBih uf the Loire, we coach ibe FeiuU it BL Gtliu, opnotlu Ikt 

raUwar fo iiA-aV. hri. (farai 1 (r. Wi, ^ ti.«l,ft l.-V^i^s^o 
OSM.. Jb SyaSy/hn, (fardOtT. ■», e^t.SiMl'-^i^-' 
to (Si X.) A«,a,, Bee E. M. The raftwi-S Vo *^;;*?i*" 
len ana approaches tlic Loire. Opport^e, •" ^'^J^jt^S 
haaf raM above). - 31 «. J>oin»i. Pem ^ Tf^^^^^», 

ST. NAZAlKi;, 

B3i^ Xl Batz', D 

., ;s-tuUis. Is Cimoni 

at iU InbiblliD 

Ntmtei, see p. 345. The Iriln croeses the towu and skirts (Ijh 
Loire. — »/4 M. I.n BouTte. Fine viev of Iha hatbour to the left. 
2i/i M. ChanUiiay-tuT-Loke, uoDDeDted with Nnntes by tramwky 
Iji, 245). The railway r.aatinuea to skitC the liier. 

6 M. Biiiat-Zniln is the station also fur Indrtt, with its ei- 
tensite muiiie-eDgiae wurks, on an island to the left, 9'/! I^- 
Coueron, with large glisa-worka and ad establishment working in 
argentiferouB lead ; 14 M. Si. Elienne-de-MonUue. — 24 M. S-n^e.- 
nay (Bnffflt; Hot, de Bretagne), junutiim toi Si. Si'itoi*, ^ii* ij-'lSJi- 
/n 1793 the Vendeans were defaatodlieieAJY B.'V»ibt M\»»-- 
33M. Ponl-Chauau, iho juTiction ot anottifextoa Wi?>\.."S*i.ito'i.Vg 


254 Eautt 3i. 


From a 

the DAD&l from Brest to >'aTitss. Ljiiss U Reiiiiei (p. 2tt8] mi fUMf 
Cp. 3341 diverge to the right. Xha Viloine is ciasEad. 

GO'/; M. Bedon iBv/fet; H6tel di France ; de it Posle), ■ laTn 
with 7000 inbsb., is eltusted Dti ths Vitaine and an the cuitl be- 
tween Bieat and Nantee. Tbe intersstlng old CiurcA of Si, SuKurm 
1 12-14tli cent.), near the railway, to the left, has a central tover 
of the 13th, and & detached W. tower of the 14th centarj. 

The canal and the Ouil, a trihutuy of the Vilaine, are enaud. 
From (6i M.) Motaniac a diligence (We.} plies to (D H.j the iuieiert- 
iiig old town offioofte/'or(-cn-T(m;{Leoadru), near the ValUsofOt 
An and the Landca de» Lanaaux, Irath freiinsnted by artlBta. — 
68 M. Queitembert (USt. da Gammerce). 

A bruck-rallwny mna hence to (aol/i M.) Ftnirintl, JoIdIiu llitn 
anolber line ftam La BrtMiiira (p. -hSl. The coustry tiiveraed It bluk 
and unlnlereetlns CUadee'), hot abonnds hi inde monollihlc moDiuiuali. 
— FIofinnBl (Hdlet di Frana}, a (own iritb SOOD inbah., Bllll nliiu uil 
of iU old vallB of the 15th eeuturr. Tbe ClwcH of St. Armit, nbulll U 
tbe 16tb cent., U emiielllehed wilH a very flne lateral port^ and gsiil 
stsioed elaaa of the 16lb cent.; 1( contains an altar-pieee dalini ^oo Ita 
lilb ceat, and a eorlons old tomb (tltb cent.), decoraleil wtib atalnea. 

A road (omn. tVi fr.) leads to tbe B. from Ploermel to fA ■-) ANC 
In. About halfway, to tbe left of the road, rlxea a modern vjitaU, 
rjummsniorallne the famous Cbnttaf g/ Titrtu, fought between SO BnMu ' 
and 90 EnEliab kulgbts In ISfil. Afler a most sangulnatr conteil tit 

oere led by BemHio (Femhroke !J. Tbe alory rests on tbe autiorilr 
of companlively modern Uieton poets , tboogb the saiou of the eoaqacr 
urs are tnscriHed on the obelisk. II is i^d tbal as tbe Bngtisli were aid 
■ "" haiiHiionB, 1 Flemings i»l 
D. A'orrcc; Croir ipSrJ, • 
id by the One Qallt of Ibe ll-Utb onl-i 

foughl on 

,e famomi Com 

Linily, . 

■a plas' 

le CllBH 

, Tbe a>v. 

ft Nilr 

instalile, witb while a 
IS uf m ~ 

- uit pilgrinu«t 
ti made to Ibis spot on IbB Tuesday in Whilsan-Week. 

77 M. Elvtn. The viUaiie of that name lies 3Vi M. I* th« K. 
(omn. 60 c.]. Abont 1 M. Co the 9.W. is the mined cwtia ri 
Larsouit (13'15th cent.), with two towers (65 ft and 130 ft. li^i 

Heaiy of Biebmond (afterwards Henry VH.) and hia uncle, die BM 
of PeiDbroIie, wrecked Dn Ibe const on their fllgbl after the baltta if 

remained liere nearly Bfleen years, before he ed^cted his eicape Ui ?na<*^ 
831/., M. Tannea (HHtl du Dartfhin, R. iVi-3'A fr.; dt Fr(Mit. 
B., L,, & A.l'li-d^/i ft-.; rfu CommtTce), with 21,200 inhab., tbe of 
ital of the DiparUmml du Morbihan, Is situated on the Conttot, 
about 3 H. from tbe Oulf of Matbiban (p. 266). It hss a »ma]l if 
boor. Tannes was the chief town of the Veneti|p, 267), tbe most Idi- 
placable fOBSoftb6Roman3in^.imoi\t,a, miiWniisei^-^-^-ti.vTtifc- 
^/iiciious port In tha Mstot? oIBtlttto^. "¥iww,V(«WBi,Vi.\i»'^| 
Into insigniacunca. SeveiaV o* v\\6 Voivws to 'S'* o'lSv^ 
tiM tbont '/3 M, from tbe BtaUou. ' " " 

■iMI ujlftto^ Mv^L ^'ktSMSWI 

it. HOHBLHAN. 31. Route. 255 

Turning tu tlia tight at the Btatiou and fsrtter on following the 
Avenue Viutor-Hnga flo the left) aud thu Rue du Mene (to the 
right], we leanh the Grande Place, in which are the HSiel de Vilic 
11884; Einali Mos^e] and the Coliige Jtda Simon (rebnilt in 1886), 
with a. chapel of the 17th oentuty. 

The Cailndrai, which we leach b; a, street oppoaitR the Uiitel 
de Ville, built Driginally in the 13th cent, and largely added to In 
the Ifl-lSlb oeDl., has a large W. portal (rebuilt in 1876) flanked 
by lowers of unequal height. The apsida) chapel ia dedicated to the 
Spanish Dominican, St. Vincent Forriei, born at Valentia in 1357, 
who died at Vannesin 1418. Hia tomb is In the N. transept. Several 
bishops are also buried in the church. 

The FotU at. Patem, >. little behind the cathedral, is named 
alter the nelghbouiing cbuTch. To the left, ae we letnm, is the large 
modem fW/Vclure, l^om a street before which we have a good view 
of the City Watts of the 14-17th oeut., the principal relic beiiig the 
Tout iJuCon7i^t<iA[e(14th cent.), so named because the Gann^esble de 
Clisaon was oonflned here in IS87 by the Duke of Krittany, just as 
the former was on the point of making a. descent upon England on 
behalf of Gharlea VI. of Fiance. On the oppoeite side, behind the 
park of the Prefecture, is the Promenade de la Oareime. 

The first bridge to the right leads to the Place des Lices, No. S 
in which contains the Arcliaeotagieal Museum (uOc; 9un., 2-4, free) 
Hiid a JWujewm of Natural Hiitary [QOc.; Thura,, '2-4, fl'eej. 

The Kue St. Vincent leads thence to the fiorbiMir, which is accdss- 
ible to ships of 150 tons burden. To the right i< the Prommadt 
ile la RaMnt, with a monument to Le Sage, author of 'Qil Bias' 
(see below). The Rue du Port, with a quaint old house, and the Ruu 
Thiers skirt the other side of the old town. The Corn Market, the 
Palais de Juttiee, and the Poit Office stand in a large square to the 
left. The Hue Thiers ends at the Plane de IHul.>l-de-Villo. 

The KDrbihMi ('Liltle Bea"), lo Ite S. of Tmnes, fB a lay or gulf, U M. 
looE and 11 U. btaad, almoit luadlocked by Ibe Anfmnlat af SliuUfB.) 
ind iocraaniHfu«r (W. ; p. HSi}, between Iha eilremitiM of wiich Is a ch.n- 
nel only '^M. wtdo. The gulf has a flat and 'ery ineEnlar coait-line. 

naoli oFRliuij |n pisiti 

berorehaadl Lwmariaquer (p. 2 
il from Locmariaqner. ^ Hoar 

Port Nivalo Ih oat tetois tbe channel, I'/i f'-, 
. 1V,M. Qf LoCBarieciaet. 

(Penintala of Rli«4»), « 

fi-.J dally, tklning lb, 
imu (Male' •- " 

M"«' sifs ss™vs'„;'.-'Si^» . "« ■i*-^ 

Brltlsny. fuundfd in Ibe 13th cent., bul parlly rebuUI In Urn 19 
~ ist, 3'/>H. to Ihe 8.W. 0' S&neau, Is 81. SUdru-A-KAuto (B«\ 

'Sme. PcrTlVa^^ ( "sSS) UesTli. loTheW. (7M. ban 
31/" M. Ste.Anne. About IV4H. to the N. is flte. Auu 
fomn. 50 c; Hotel de France ; Lion li'Or), one of the mtj 
pUgrim-iesortB in Biittsny, where numerous intereU 
tiiictite eoBtumes ma^ he seen, esiieeislly in WbitsuDrl 
July !26tlj (St. Annea Day). A new church has been " 
the KonsisBance style, with s (owei Eaimoanted bf k 
sunt. At the end of the Tillage, 011 the Auray road, U 
to t},t Crjmlt d* CViamftord (1820-83), cepreBenting thi 
loyal costiune, kneeling on 1, psdesCil siuroniidecl wl 
Uugueselin, Bayaid. Ste. Genevieve, and Joan of AiCn 

SbM.Anttj (Bufftti mul - - ■ - 

otSiSSinhab., with a Email harbour on the Loch, liei I 
to the S.E. of the Elation. It haa few attrac^ons foil 
beyond being excellent headquarters for eionrsione (h 
is ales one of the leading centres of the ayiter-onltn 
The battle of Anray, fonght in 1364 between Chului 
John of Montfort, resulted in the defeat and death of t 

A IHUe to the V.W. of Iba iMtloa is tbe CharUvHt iTj 
IniUtaUoD for deaf-mules. AdJuiDiDj! Ibe chareb i: a BepA 
oroelod in 18*30 in memory of 963 'Emigrfs' captured »( ? 
lies (sea beton) wd put lo death in lUi neiehbonrhood on Ui 
markod by a Cttopdl/* Erfialoin, Tbe former ebapel [viaitur 

chapel ft ' ... I. ... - 

Q'h H.) Car'iac. From' C«rDi 

L<,cmariat«tr, V/t V. fartber 

twice a At,} from Anray in l>,'ilir. lo (Bi/i H.) Laemuiaaue^ 

aUu be reiebed direct from Auray by SiiLixo Boat In about 3 

lg.30 tt.y — Carriage from Ploubarnel or Uaniae to (1 hr.> Am 

41/a M. Floimel. — Before reaching (81/^ M-) J" 

Oimnc we Eee the Menliiri of Vitui - Moulin to t\% £ 

Tillage of Phinhainel lies about '/« M. tu the left of du3 

p,2573. — The line now runs ilong the PaUnsala o/\dn 

long, the narrowest part of which is defended by ^ 

At 1 11 M.) 51. Pierre are several groups of menhirs « 

iZ'/a M. ftnibsron fHSlel Je Frauet; Piii&Wstcffl 

30S0 liihab. and a small sea-bifli\nfe e«SiMiAm»m.v1S 

tbe axtreaiily of the peninsula. K\3oo.V W3fiR"Swofi- 

Uaaedbertin 179 J nndei flrn pToWrtVoTi «.^ ■*» « 

kBmi. CABNAG. 34. Route, 257 

flMt, but were met and defeated by the Republican forces under 

fibihe. Some 1800 escaped to the British ships ; the rest died on 

tie field or were put to death afterwards. 

Good anchorage may he obtained in the Bay of Quiberon, which 

ii munorable fbr the naval battle fought in 56 B.C. between the 
Amins under young Decimus Brutus and the Veneti (p. 254), a 
seaftring people, whose large and strong ships, equipped with 
.diain-cables and leathern sails, used to visit Britain. The Yeneti, 
bowever, were eonquered, their 220 ships destroyed, and the people 
sold into slavery by Osesar, who had watched the battle from the 
shore. The harbour of Quiberon is at Port Maria, where there are 
also sardine-curing factories. Port Haliguen lies about ^j^ M. dis- 
tant, on the £. coast of the peninsula. 

A steamboat leaves Port Maria or Port Haliguen twice or thrice a day 
in sunmer for Belle-Ile-eii-lKer (10 M., in V4-ilir.; fares 2Vs, 2 fr.), the 
l«^est island belonging to Brittany, 11 M. long and 2V2-6 M. broad. The 
cidef town is Le Palaia (H6iel du Commerce ; de France)^ with 4981 inhab. 
<LBd a double line of fortifloation , one modem and one dating from the 
16-I7th centuries. The inhabitants are engaged in the sardine-fishery and 
in the preparation of potted fish. There is also a reformatory on the 
island. The coast is in many places picturesque, with remarkable grot- 
toes; the most Interesting spots may be visited in about Vz day by carriage 
(8>i2fr.), which should be secured in advance. 

Plouliamel (Httel des Menhirs) is surrounded, like Carnac, by 
-Ancient Stone Monuments^ most of which lie to the W. of the village, 
scattered on either side of the road. The principal monuments are 
®^y found. The Dolmen de Kergavat lies to the left of the road to 
Oainac; the Dolmen ofRunesto and the Dolmens of Mani-Kerioned 
* little to the N.E., to the left and right respectively of the road to 
Aniay. The Menhirs of Vieux-Moulin lie on the other side of the 
'Railway, on the road to Belz, and the large Dolmen of Crucuno 
U M. from the road and i^j^ M. from the station. Still farther along 
*he road, li/4 M. from the road to Crucuno, are the Lines ofErdeven^ 
insisting of 1030 menhirs resembling those at Carnac (see below). 

Oamao (H6tel des Voyageurs), i^/4 M. to the S.E. of Plouharnel, 
^ perhaps even more celebrated for its ancient remains. The 
Museum here (50 c.) owes its origin to Mr. Miln (d. 1881), a Scot- 
ch antiquary, who made important excavations and discoveries in 
^ neighbourhood. To the left of the road from Carnac to Loc- 
^ariaquer rises the Mont 8t, Michel ^ a 'galgal' or tumulus, 65 ft. 
^h and 260 ft. in diameter, consisting chiefly of blocks of stone 
J^eaped up over a dolmen. Fine view from the top, including the 
^^e8\ The famous Lines of Carnac, situated about Y2 M* to the 
^* of the village, near the road to Auray, consist of two principal 
^oups of 8-900 standing-stones (there are said to have been origin- 
^Uy 12-16,000), arranged on a moor in the form of a quincunx, 
^^d forming 9 or 10 avenues. All these stones have their 6m^\lftx 
^ds fixed in the ground; some of them are fuWy i^ i\..\A^, ^^^ 
■<>Bi» Mre eetimtted to weigh at least 40-50 tons. KboxxX. V HV. \.Q ^^^ 

Basdekeb's Northern France. 3rd Edit. W 


258 IlnuU34. I.ORIENT. 

E. of Carnac is a piece of uioorUnd namsii Ibe Bouenno Or Boren^e:^ 
('ioemi<u=i monads], where Hi.MilD'BeicaiatioiiB brought to li^lk -t 
what is believed to be a Gallo-Roman town. 

ParlbeT on, on the way to LocmBiiaqueT (cair., see p.?5(>), T -^ 
pi6« (4'/3 M.) La Trinili-mr-Mer, « small seaport, with oyster— — 
bads. Cfo»sing the river Crack by « ferty at ('/s M.) K<ri»pCT, r -* 
And ODieelTOB in tbe Peniruula of Lacmariaquir, whlcb bonndi t^ >« 
Motblhao on the N.W. (nee p. '256). 

Loemari&iinGr (HSlel Mnfhimd], a email seaport oti the Moi^^- 

bihan, has in its nelgbbonrbood perhaps tbe most remaikable mt k- 

Kalilbio raonnmenCs in Fiance. The chief of these are the Manr^'- 
Lad, s dolmen of unusual aiie, the interior of whleh should be ir-«- 
speoled^ the Mtn-tr-Hraeck, a cnenhir originally nearly 70 ft. fail's J, 
now overthrowD and broken; and the tvo dolmens known as tt:»e 
Dot-aT'lHarc'hadauirm and the ManiSutual. AH tbeea are pus^s-d 
on the way from Gainsc to Locmariaqnei. Beyond the village "ss 
tbe Mani-er-Bn>eek, a tumulus with a cavern (key at the Maiij ^: 
randle necessary), etc. Various Roman antiquities have also be^^n 
discovered at Locmariaqner. 

The m d. Oa-rMt ('iilB of poaW), 2<li M. from LonniiriaquBr, n»-»T 
lie Tiritoi hence by boal CI pe™. 5.B (r.i two pera. Ifr.t bargalBlae ata^o- 
anrf). It ODnlaina i. chamberBd Tamvlm, with sculplurfs, 

i>mii)bii> to Auray, >Ee p. 356^ Bleambaal lo Vaoau and Port Nmal^ •>. 

t» p. 3se. 

II. rnm Anraj to LoriMit and ttuimper. 

To tortol, ai'/i »■. Ballway In *5.&0 mio. (fare. 1 fr, 5, 2 fr. "^i 
Itr.TBc.). — FromLorieal lo (Juinyio-, lO'/i M., in I'M'/i hr. |f«re«7 »'■ 
iOrj., Bfr., 3 ft. SSe.). 

Avray^ p. 258. — To the right appears the Chartreuse (p. Ib^^r 
— 103V2 M. (from Nantes) Landivant. The taUway ctOMSS t.*^" 
Blavil by a viaduct 80 ft. high. 

il2M. Hennobont (HStel du Commerce; de Franre), a sm^^' 
seaport witli e074inhab., is finely situated on theBlatet, the ban ^•'^ 
of which afford a pleasant piomBnado, The Gotbfo church of Notr"^' 
S/ime-de-Paradis, said to have been built by the English, dat ^^ 
from the 16th century. The relics of the old fortiflcations inoln*^*^ 
a Gothic Oatcwiy, by which we enter the old quarter bnown as tE^^ 
VlUe-ClBie, wbeio a few quaint old timber-front bouaea of tt^* 
1G-I7lh cfliLt. still linger. Honnebont is noted for its spirited ie^^~ 
fence by Jeanne do Montfott in 1342-46, described by Froiasart, — --^ 
Loriant and its harbour appear on the left. The Scorff Is ctoase^^" 

117 M. lorient, ~ Hotdi. Oeabd B3iii. oi Fbasce, Place d'Alsae^^ 
Lornlne, mediocM, Aij. 2'/. fr.; nir BiieT*nHE. Bne VicWr-H.-^ tC^^l 
nn CiciBH, Eue Sully, a,, L., * A. 2-S, B. Vl, itj. V/t, D. S fr., inel. winefs^ V 
M r.-E0BOPE, Rue VtciOT.Haatf' Ifl. — Oafii. ffronrf, diFroMi. CwltoHWa -^; 

n. B. 'Oonaular ARmt,' Jfwii. ' Lten Depm. ' ^^^ 

Lorieni, a fortided mUit»rj miA Mmtoetoial port, with 41,90^*^ 

kfti/jflK, Is sirnsfed on the ScoiO, nem \ia V>it\tiV\QT\^<&ft "' -— ^— 

It WAS fouiideil, under the name of t' Orient, in the 17tb nent. by the 
powerful Compi);niB des Indes Orientalee, who eetsblished tbeir 
ship-bnilding yards here. When the company collapsed after the 
eaptnie of liengsl by (be British in 1753, (be donkyards and works 
wore puteiiaBed by tba stale. 

The town is well built but uninte resting. The Rue Victor-Maaae, 
diTBTging to the right from tbe proIoogaUon of the Cours Chazelle, 
leads to the Plaee iTAhaee-LorTaitte, tbe principal square. The Rua 
dee Fontaines, quitting tbe latter a( its left angle, coudBcts as to two 
smaUer squares, in one of which is the Chvrrk of St. Ionia (18lh 
cent.} and in the other a bronze ^lalue ofBhson, a youog naval lieu- 
teuant wbo blew up his ship in 1827 to prexent it falling into the 
bands of Greek pirates. To the left of St. Louis is a emal] Mvnicipal 
Muitum (open on Sun. and Thurs., 12 to 4 or 5; straagere admitted 
on other days also). The CoursdelaBose, totheriBhloftbechiirch, 
leadB to the eommercial harbour (eee below^; in this promenade is 
3 'Statue of VktOT tSiml (1SI22-S4), the composer. The Rue du 
Port leads from this statue to tbe dockyard. 

To visit (he Dnckyini, wl(h the exception of the part near the 
Place d'Atmes, which is always open, foreigners require a apeoial 
permit fVom tbe Ministry of Marine, At the entrance is a Signal 
Tourer, 125 ft. in height. The arsenal is interesting, though not so 
important as tbat of Brest. There are also workshops at Caudan, on 
the left bank of the Srorff, which is crossed by a floating bridge. 

The CommfTcial Barbour lies at the S. end of tbe dockyard, 
between tbe town proper and a new suburb. It includes a dry dock 
ind a floating- dock. Tbe trade is chiefly connected with the re- 
qniiements of the dockyard. 

Tbe Boadsltad, beyond the two harbours, is formed by a dtup 
and safe bay, S'/a M- long, with a fortified island in the middle. 

Tbe first side-street (o tbe left beyond tbe commercial harbour 
brings us m a small square with a Slaiue (ifBriieux (1806-68), the 

About H/i M. from tho'fanlier en* of the roaitstoafljan the otler bank, 
Iji the Binill tortiflod town ot Fert-LtuU, alio of retent origin, II la fro- 
quenlea aa a hmhiiiB-rejoH liy the InhablUolB nt the neighlpoorhood. 



I hr. a^lO mln. I fare %. 30 c I 

— Ob Ihe oppoaile baoli la ionnor, B'ft M , -.-- --- 

tJIo visited bv vil>rlinB. — The iBlanil or Orofz (HSt. B(iuib), WI, », frai 

Port Lonii, aboat i'h K. lung and I'/i H. broad. Is sarrounded with cliffs ■ 

bual'from Lorien/dsllyVare 1 fr. 60,^1 fr. Mc'i'relnm 2 fr. 60 c!,, H 

i12M. Qcslei. Near (JuimperlS the railway crosses tbe Laita by H 

a viaduct 108 ft. high. I 

130 M. Quimperli ['Lion d'Or, de Franct, both moderate')^ >. 
[own with 8300 iabab,, is charmingly sUuatei tX, ftiB wnAwsMft 'i^ 
'hn lira vbicb form (heLaUa(Jir«npei'6\6wi.l'juv¥,wni&-"W'^'^'^'-'* 
uries. The oAm. Sf-. Or,W, w'^'^"* 

200 Houlc:il. Ql/IMPEK. FromKanM^^ 

oTi Ihe oiodel of the cLuitb of tba liuly Sepnkhie at JBroEiiBui, iiid 
robuilt since 1863, coDtainB an old lood-scieen (16th eenl.). 

A diligence pliu twice daily trom Qulmperlfl lo (KP/) M.) PiRil-&m 
I'Eei. ntla jniiai Olamei, nl^nj, ■ pictamqne Tlllmgs lo Uiii B.V., Dich 
frUDSDled by artiiM. On (he ngbf timnk ol the hunUtul Arm, nHh I1,i 
Ditmeroug mUla, ig the CMImu da Blnm (IQ-lBlh cent.). Vj, M. from PddI 
Atu. a. ^CDurrifiT* plifl> from Pont-Aveo lo Concavauu (Be« be]u«r). — 
Aaotliu dllleeDH pllH Iwlci dtilr from PoBl-Aveo, tii the pmtr Find 
da CamUt nnd (he Abbiy of St. Ifaaria (ISth and ITOi cent.) la (8 X.) U 
Faaldn (BU. Omlem), & >mftll bs(htng-plsc« od (hs right buik or UiB LUIl 

Eicnraiani may be made from Qulmparl^ (o (11 M.) Bt. Tiura, «ilt 1 
chapel of the IGlh cent., CDntLiuing a beaotiful -Sood-lDft uf lUO, Mid u. 
(13 If.) £a 7uDst (Creix d'Or; lAim d'Or), a charactorialic BreiDD loin 
wtlh am Inhab., near which is the Una 15(h cunl. ChofHtr Bit. BvU, 
curioutly peiDhed on a roek. 300 ft. above (be BIU. A dlUeenM pliet diUr 
from qulmperU to (23 H.) OeuHa (p. 21{i) vit dVt brs. i fare 9 fc.) L« Fsoseli 
carr. ud pair ftom Qolmperl^ 16 fr. — About I'j, H. (o tbe H.B. d) 
f^uimpdrl^ Ib tbe Chapelte de Eoagrttni, with a BflDalJiBaace njod-lofl- 

138 M. BannoUc Is within 7 M. of Poul-ivan (see abo»e). - 
1-17 M. Rospordat (•H&tal OonilnenlalJ. Branch Ki Carhaii, see p.215. 


A brucli- 

meu l'BtU\ 

erana Betel, 

A Fraace), a 

town wilh 661X1 Inh 

b. udtma 

liarbour, ple( 

reiquely illua 

aide of Ihe Bay ,./ La Fi-rm o. 

Fimmumt. T 

wn, the rUU-Clou 


t, dating Ib 

purt from the ISth 

century, m 

leading lodus 
.>fs^nei. i 

rlea ere the > 

liod tbe pteaervin 

Md ptelrigt 

' the barbun 

I la in .4;iiaW(nn. c 

ilireitly with 

nUHei ot lobsters 

e the 'Pluti 

anec- of Hlaa How 

rd-. charMdi; 

II ud pathetic 11 

'Nevin', wh 

re Oneno danced a 

(he PudoB.ll 



be idenltfled with the 'Luiniomf. 

Ig (iora iBbal..), 1'/. 

L'bauveau-IiirlBchldne (d. 1S9S). — Steamer 1 tiinea dally from Codcubim 
li' C/i lie.) Btg-Mitl (Hulel}, i. bathing-place on the oppoaile aide of (Iw lUy. 

168 M. QvimpST {mul de VEfia du Fate, R., L., & A. 2</i-&, 
H. 3/4-1, Aii. V/i, D. 3 ft.; both in the Bue du P»rc; de ftmct, 
Hue de U Pi«feutuie, R. 3-5, B. 1, d^j. 3i/s, D. 3fi.; fiu/fin, Ulk6 
location), 'a pleas&nt rirer-side city of fiblee and gablee', (he caplttl 
' of the Bffarlcmenl du Finiglire and the seat of a bishop, oceitpiH 
a. toe lltuation at the confluence ot the 5l<ir sad the OdtL Pop. 

The •Cathhiihal of St. Cokbntjk, near the quay on the rigb( 
bank, is one of the Knest (iothio edifices in Brittany. Though lu 
I'oiiEtnifllion Bitended oTer two eentuiies {13-16th], It h muked by 
eroaC unity ot plan. The Porlali aie lichly Bculptuied hat hare 
f ufTeied from the hand of time. The spiies on the towerE ace modem. 

parallel wltb 

bst of the nD«e. f ither featurei of iDtereat ar 

nJuv (both ann 

cnt and modatn), the niiKal s^ntlnsi (chiefly by 

-. BiDifani Bro 

OB nrliit), the altar-plBM* «.4 «VfcV\M oV^iit 

eat., aoj tba 

omba of tbebl.ho?(. Tta 'B.flh AllM'.ivw, 

o efJded bronxe, ftdomed -with .tata.r\6. i«& i\w-.S.\'i^ *^"^, 
I'Xiolad by a oaaopy ot palatod ani gW&eft «Qo4. .. Jz3 

The Place St. Catentin U 6mbeU«\><ia -KA-tt »S^al^.*«M| 

(he phTslci^D [ITSl-: 
bom st QnimpBr. Thi 
is also in this eqnue. 

The MoadE, in the building to the left, ia open dnily, eiupt 
Mon., 12to4. 

On tlie eroanaHoat ars two rooms CDntniniDi an InlcnwUne ^nAaitl- 
ogical CelUcUm, and a group of H ngaru Illuitntine Btelon coslDmei. 
Tbe Erst ilDOT conlalni a Piclun aatltrj/, with leTenl good «iiaple> of old 
masters, eavecliillT of the FlEmlshimd Suteh Ichools. The most imporlanl 
la br Alovto Cam (Itae Virgin prasenling to St. lUafoneo a cbunbla em- 
broidered by beriell), In the second loom to the loft of the entrance. Tbe 
Mae^e also contalni e Tslaeble eollsEaoa of enEraringi end some scnlptnrea. 

The Lycle, farther on in the same dliectlDii, has been recently 
rebnilt, but preseiTeB part of the old Toicn- Walla. — Tbe street in. 
front of the cathadriil ciosses the Steir, a tiibatary of the Odet, and' 
passes near the CAurcA o/'5l. ^al^ieu, which dates from the 16th uenL 
with the eiception of the modern tower. — On the other side of thi 
Odet, at the foot of Monl Frugy, lie the Frifcetan and the Alila de 
Locmatia. The CSiircft of Loemaria (,11th and 16th cent.), 
end of the Allies, if interesting (o archie dlogiste. There is s small 
hiiTbour on the Odat, 10-11 M. from the see, 

Abool 11 H. from Qoimper (ateambost Ihrica weekly), it tbe monUi of 
tlie Odet, lies BtnoiV (Gr^nd Hdlol), a village fieqaanted for Baa-bathing. 

Pboh Qdihpeb to Fdnt-l'AkdA ahd Pebuaboh. To Fant-l'Abbd, 13 H., 
rallwar ■» ^^S m<n. (faros 2 It. 4G, 1 fr. 60, 1 ft. 10 c.h then 'coorriai^ 
(twice dailf) to (I'j, M.) Panmarch (l>/ifr.] and (91/, U.) Bl. Qnriualj (aa* 
below}. — 10 H. Ccmbril-Triinioe. About & U. to tlie K.W., on the right 

mrsnnou. — 13 A. Pont-rAbbe (lion d'Ot; da Vogagturt), a town with 
G3U0 Inhah., on the river of Iha some name, eontnlna i. Ohttrch f]4-16lh cent.) 
wbioh belonged lo a convent, ihe bniHingB of whleh still eiisl. The 

|>eculiar Id Briltan;. i imnibuB (SO c.) daily In inininer to OVi SO Loelnif 

Poomnreh (proo. 'peoraar'i BSI. j'e Bnlagui), a village with 4B01) In- 

lioarisbing town, which ia said W have had lU.OOO inhab. In the middle 

de Penmareh. The discover; of Kewfoundland, the inroads of ihe *ea, war, 
>nd t^ disappearance of the cod-fish, on which It chiefl; depended for Its 
indnatrlal Imporlance, ruined this town In Ihe IBtb century. Tbe prioclpil 
sbnieh ia now that ol SI. Xenna, daUng frsm the 16th eenturi. — On the 
rtitli de J>inmar'.h Is the /</>arc rf^ctnUUI, a llghthonsa 300 ft. in helgbl, 
ereeled in 1890-97, with an electric light ^slbla lo a distance of fl) H. 
H duinsle (OrandBeuu de Brilamtt), a small sea-port and hnllilne 


maul dt 

it an imporlanl centra of Iha aaidlne 
immer top/, 11,1 jVortfol- ~- 

(laet 8nn. in Aug.) ot Bit. Jniu-la-PalHi , 1 K. to the "9, olB 
'■ " "" '■■' nually (ipetla\ ti 

imsu auHiii ai,uiAi vjjiiorj annually (.ipetiai DOM ana ommnMi »='^-' >«^>i- ^ 
AlVaBMrnnaaiairriagm art changed (or the looeWVuo Vo kaajtsft.-- M 
K.f^a-i-tr(2eO0lBlu,b.), wfth^a.^tt'O'a^V"**^^ 
mf^^aui-a rt3-f5(h cent.). _ 371/1 M. fc.nil»nw (Dw <^"'™?^^V«i 

26'2 HoiiU 3t. CHATEAULIN. 

CDntitni only 1380 iDtubltHiiU. — Tbc P^iiiitt . 
wulerLmoalpoiDt Df Fini«lerD,aVtM. troD " " 

(iomlaiiUy wild nnd tempoatuoin >e»-vie»r. . , . 

to apsDd the Dl|^t si llie lAfhthomt. II it lisxardgnt ID pracMd lii th 
loward» Iha Baftr lit rXagtiff snd the Bois <(« TTtpat»ti, irttlioul bI 
initrnclloDB lal pruADlions (guide ndiiSBble) 1 fr.). — About S K. to th 
BfBl''of a D?old,.»nclaarjlnd UMdJ, ° '"" " <"••">. »■" 

m. From QnimpBT to Srsct. 

Bl M. Bxitwii in S'/sfl'/t tM. (fiTE. 11 fr, », 7 Ir. 8B, 5 fr. U t\ 

Beyond Qnlmper the T&ilway ctoases the Odet, trivecsei ■tuniul 
and then, banding northward, ascetids the valley of tbe Stdr, vAld: 
itiepsBledly ciosees. 169 M. (from Nantes) (>uJm(!ni^iTen. Weerowi 
viaduct sort. In height. 

17li M. CbHteuIin (Roitl de la Grand' Maiton), a town will 
.^57 iohiib., picturesquely situated on the navigahle Aidnt. In tli» 
iieighhourhood are important b I ale-quarries. The only rello ot Ihf 
castle, which stood on a lock on tbe left bank of the AdIdb, U tHr 
Chapfl of Nottt-Diimtf dating from the 15-16tb centuries, 

A atumbDat (2 fr.] plies twice weekly from Piirl-Lm<ia]i, ibe hubour dI 
Ib&teaDlIn, !•/■ U. dawn llie river (oionlbas), to Brat <p. 219J >■ fi ho.. 
louehlng » viLrious iatermadlnle plaoes. — A dlliniioe rum diili fn» 
Gbituglin to m U.) CWfon Id I bra. (fare 8 fr.). — Flrgbtn (MIT la--- ' 
1 M. to tbe N.B. or Cbiteaulin, bie a OotUlc cborob and a eurloui c* 
retembtliig llwt it flDugaslal (p. 313). 

The river la now crossed by means of a viadnct, 390 yd«. lotif 
and 160 ft. high. The district hecomes hilly ; and another 'rladaft 
130 tL high. Is crosBBd. 186 M. Qaimerc'li. Beyond a tanticl, V4II. 
long, we see tbe roads of Brest on tbe left. 192 M. Hanvte 
name of [IQSi/j M.] DarMoi is said la be derived from the Bretn 
words 'momitr rfuou fai', meaning 'monaetery of the two mDrdeit', 
and the legend lelsles Ibat the monastery here wsa origlnaUy foonl- 
ed in eipiatlon by a knight who had slain two monks at the »ttu 
in tlie Gth century. The chief remains of the raonflstory a 
of the church and cloiaters, dating from the 12lh century. A'diH- 
genoo (1 fr.) plies hence to (7 M.) Piougastel (p. 218). — Anotier 
viaduol is crossed, 1/4 M. long and 120 ft. high, — Beyond (103 M.) 
riirinon the railway descends towards tbe Etorn and crossea tbe ttnt. 

At(210M.) t.indwntoii wo Join tbe line fromBennes (lee p,!H8). 

35. From Farii to Toora. 
m. Tit OxUans and Bloii. 

lie M. Eatlwm in St/r-S'/i hri. {fares 38 fr. 30, 17 fr. Bll, 11 fr, ' ,. ._ 

tntTnlitntfroiDlheOared'Orltaria, neir ILe Jurdin det Plants (PI.e.Jk 

I, fTom'9B,Ti«XQ<VAh»m. 

pnuttrtlnt to Toura A<- mil i^oMt fi'o B\iW«o "^ «'''>»». 'w^ «• "*• 
ffum Imi> Anhrnii, aee p. •X&. Oi-mv. > 
*-iJ% MJ tlie Htation 01 "tI 

t «<C^Uj 


^^^^^^" CHOIST-LE-ROI. 36. Ronlc. 263 

Ligne da Cointute, before quittiug Paris. Tu (he right is lory, with 
iU latgt Hospital for Incarabte!. 6V2 M. Tiffy. The rsilwiy retoiiu 
to the hank of the Seine neat Choisy. 

i) M. Chouf-lB-Iloi (H6t. des Viiyai/euTS! Ittslaar. PomfadouTi, 
B plesaant town with 9^1)0 inhab., owee its afQi to (he fact that 
l.ouisXV. ballt 1 chfttesu heie as 3 Bheltei for hia dsbancharieE. The 
Rue du Pont, near the station, possBB the old Cotnmtms du QiHttaii, 
now occDpied, like the other Ecuity leioains of the chateau at the 
end of the Rue do Paria, by a parcel ain-f^toTf. Farther on, on the 
right aide of the etreet, are the Mairit and the Oiurc'i, botb dating 
also from the leign of Lotile XV. In the open space at the Junction 
of the Rue do Pont, the Route de Sceaui, and the Aveaue de Paria 
atajidB a bionie statue, by L. Stelner, of Rouget de Visit, author of 
the 'Marseillaise', who died at Gboiay in 1836. The fine Avenue 
lie Paris meets the Avenue de Veraailtes at the railing of the old 
chateau. There are iiumeraus pleasant private bouses in this new 
q^uarter of Choiay, which ia connected with Paris by tramway. 

Our line neit pasaea under the Ligne de Grande Ceinturo. 
01/.J M. Abion. The Seine reappears on the left. IOV2 M. Athl,- 
Mons. The wooded heights are dotted with picturesque country 
liousea. The line 10 Corbeil and Montargis diTerges to the leFt(p.3QS), 

IS'/i M. JuuiiB-iuT-t>rpe(H6t. Belle-FontaiiiB) has a station used 
by both lines. The railway now ascends the valley of the Orge, 
which ia crosaed a little beyond the station by the Pont dci Betlet- 
f'ofttainet (18tb cent.), consisting of two bridges, one above the other. 

13'/i H. Saoigtxy-aUT-OTge has a fine chateau of the lEith cent- 
ury. A Utile fartheron lea section of the Ligne de Qrande Ceinture, 
leading to PaUiaeau (Yersailles}. 

15 M. Epinay-sur-Orge ia approached and quitted by vladucta. 
In the diatance, to the right, appears the tower of Montlk^ry (aee 
below). — 16 M. Perray- Vauciait. On the hill to the right appears 
the large lunatic asylum of Vauetaie, belonging to the city of Paris. 
— le M. 81. Michel'iaT-OTBe. 

An omnlbiu (30 c.) piles lience lo (t>/i U.J Hsntlbny (Oiapnti Roui/ti, 
fnmouB Car Its ftudaj Cailli. Tlie ancleul doajon (13th umt.l rilei bob- 
npiiooaily OD a hill lo a helgbt ot lOUft. fiat yien fiam the lop. 
XunOht/i! U Doled for ao Indednive battle [uuebt tu Iti uelahbaurhood in 
Uea, between Luuli XI. and llie 'Llgue du Bleu Public', caauaaoded by 
Cbarlei Ilia Bald, afternardi Duke of Burgundy. — To Ibe rlehl of tbe 
load lo HonUhdry ia Lnogpatt, a village willi a caiious old Frtmy Oivrsli, 
wbtch hu been largely reatured in Iti oilginal Bamauewine ityle. 

20 H. Britigrty. This village must udI be confounded with Bre- 
tigny-Ua-Ohattres, b'/iM. to the S.E. of Chaitres, which gives 
llama to the Tiealy ofBrftigny, eonelnded in 1360 between Ed- 
ward 111. of England and John of France. — RaVWivj \o '^ow^ -<V.^ 
Vondiime, sea p. 3ii7. 

28>/, M. damarrmde, (o the loft, Willi a chUBau^nxAtMl&i^MV- 

Telbt right, as we spuroach EtmiMf. iiT.-n6MB ftift tuto^'^^ ''^ "W 

n^/', W/l. i.. he/elu, il.„ r=Vu.. «( J «^U« "^ VV« Vm ^-^-^--i- 



I 264 Houl<3S. ETAMPES. 

35 M. EtuopH (Bufftl; H&ltl du Gn 
llomanet; du Qrand-Courtier, Rnc St. Jacqncs 27), ■ town «i<li 
hi'i'Sl inliib., in a vallpy to the left. carricB on ■ eonsid&n'bla tndi 
In griin and Ooar. Tbtee small rliers SBTretowork the large milU. 

The Rne iln Chilean, opposite the station, leads to the Cliuf* 
efBt. Uaitte, dating mainly from the la-16th cent., viHi a bandMnt 
itomanesqae portal and a 12tli cent, tower. In the interior are ceren' 
Kiitlijue t>aB-i«1iefs and some ancient and modem stained glui. Ta 
(be riKht of the chatcb is the BStet dt Diane de Poiiitrt (16th eeiiL), 
nov octinpied by a savings-bank In front end tbe f mall Matie EUv- 
Roberl behind (open free on Sun.] la tbe courtyard are some al- 
tcaotive ioulptBres. A little lowei, to the left, is the Oturdi of 
Nolrt-Dame (12th cant.), at one time fortified, and provided vltk 
■ Uric tower and spire. The first tnrniag to the right in the adjoin- 
ing square, and then tbe first to the left, bring ne to the BiUl ib 
VUlf, an elegant tnrreted building of the 16th cent, enlarged in It* 
19th, Adjacent Is the old H6ui d'Anne de Plsuiai (mistren of 
Franeis 1.), dating from the 16th cent, and now occupied aF i 
grocer's shop. Tbe Rne ^t. Jacques leads hence, to the left, to the 
Place du Thtfitre, In which stands Bl. Robert's marble sUtoe ef 
0eoffrov-at-BllaiTt, the naturalist (1772-1844), who was bora al 
EUmpcB. Farther on ii the GiUTeh of SI. QiUti (12th, 13th, and 
ICth cent.), and still farther on, about 1 H. from St. Basile, Is that 
of 81. Martin, a cnrions building of tbe 12th cent., with b leaolnf 
tower in the Kenaissanci^ style. The portal, in the style of the 13tk 
oeut., Is modern. 

Ihe Hne park of CMteau BnuidiBOI. I'/, K. _ _ _ 

tidtorl. — Trmr (JMiulu. >ee p. 263. — A brumh-line innii fioiD BUvM 
to mii M.) Atnmu (p. !HT), and anotbur !■ abDiK lo be opened to PrMMn 
Mta Btam*-la-flola<iai (aee Baidiktr'i SmiOi-Wultm Francet. 

On quitting F.tampes the train passes through a CDttlng, skirk 
the town (view of St. Martin's lo the left), and ascends a sleep in- 
cline (mounting ISO ft. In ^Vf H.) to the plateau of La Beauet, 
uns of the granaries of FrsTice. The view is extensive hnl monotOD- 
oui. — 66 H. TDuri,. 

About Bift K. to (he W. Ii Kmrraii-BlfCtva, near nhich the EaclKb 
dufaated the FreDGta in 1430 fa an FngagemeDt kaowa as ihc 'Battj* vf 
HerHan', (com the anpiil; nf fiib wbjcb Uu forniBr were cunigilBi <e 
tb> etaip befun Orli'ina. 

A biaDCb-Kne runs from T<.ur>- la FmJCp.BSh and anotber (awnw- 
■■>iiK>) 10 (» K.) PifUHri (lee abore). 

At (6T H.) Chtnilly Prince Frederick Charles defeated GMietal 
d'AurellM de Paladine on Dec. 3rd, 1S70. Beyond (70 H.) O 
the toeuery becomes mote attractive, and vineyards begin to i 

74 M. Lti AabTaii (Buffet) ts the lunetion al which pn 
/br OrlfuBt by the esprosK-ttain* va Tout* •JiKiiifi v ' 
9fdtn*rj Iralns ran into the etat^un U QiUKni. 
7^ M. Orl/arn (Bufflei), see ¥ '^'^^ 

II. Fiom Orleftni to^Tools, 
[. KAiLo^r in l>/.-S>/i in. (fum 12 fr. SS, 8 !i. 6&, B Fr. < 

TrayeUtre from OrWons join tlie eipreBE-tralDS at the junction 
nf I,ti Auhrait (see p. 264]. Tbe Didinarj' trains do not pass I.«<t 
Anbrsis. To the ligbt tli^crgea the railwas •" Clmrlrea fp. fiDJ. 
The line to Tours foUows the course oftlie Loire. 

79 M, (from Paris) La aapcUe-St-Meimin ; 82 M. Si. Ay. 
86 H. .Vmng-nir'Uire(B6t.Sl.Je.i:iiaes), witli 3310 inhtli.. lias 
n fine Oothio elinroli of the 12th cent, and a gateway of the l6l]i, 
beloneln? to the old fortIB cations. Jean de Menng. Ibe continaer of 
l>aiUBume de Lorris'e 'Roman de Is Rose' [p. 31)!3), vaa bom iiere 
in tbe IStli century. About ii M. to the E. liCUry, Jn the Interesting 
15t}i cent, chnreb oF which Louis XL is baried. LddIb wore a email 
leatlen flgnre of Our Lady of Cl&y in his bat [see 'Qnenlln Dnr- 
ward'). A long viaduct is crossed. 

91 M. Seaugenity (£cu dt lirelagnt, St. Etienne, Place du Marlroi), 
an ancient town with 4000inhab., was fonoerlj' fortifled and has re- 
peatedly been besieged both in medisval and modern timsa, A street 
leading to the left from tbe large Plane da Martrol conducts ns to 
the Tour de t'Horlngt, one of the old town-gates, at the beginning 
of tbe Rne du Change. Farther on in the latter street we pass the 
attrantive Renaiisance facade (restored in 1893J of the HdMdt VilU. 
Tbe boaGB No. 3 Rne da Change has a fine Gothic door. A street 
ascending hence to tbe right leads to the Tour 8l. Firmin, the relic 
of a church of the 16tb cent., near which lisea the maBsive sqnara 
Keep o( tbe old castle. A m<itue of Joan of Arc, erected in 1896 in 
the Place St. Jetmin, co mm em orates her Ticlory otbt the English at 
Beaugeney in 1429. The Oiliteau, built in the 15th cent., is now a 
house of refuge. Adjacent is the G^ureh of Notre-Dame, au old 
abbey-chureb in tbe Romaneeiiue style of the 11th cent., Baveral 
times restored. A little lower down ace the Tour du Dlable, some 
remaina of the Abbty, of the 17-18lh cent., and a Bridgt over the 
I.oiro, 4S0 yds. long, with Gothic arches. 

dg'AM. Mer. 102 M, Suivrra has two lith cent, churches. The 
cliateaa at (104 M.) Mtnars dates from tbe latter half of the 17th 
<:entury. The train now crossea the line to Romorantln (p. inS), 
and the lowu and castle of Blots rome into sight on the left, i 

llOi/j M. BIoiB (Bufff-t), see p. 37s. J 

On leaving the station of Blois, tbe train enters a cutting, beyond I 
which a fine viewof the Loire opens on tbe left. IfT'/^H. Chouty, 
— 120 M. Ontorn. 

Abonl 1 H. fraia I)ie ilatinn, on a bill on tte \«t\ ^i«V^«» '^ 
/TJiJi-.i, ef Chtamaat Hfl-iBlli ceal.), now tU* moT«rtl "t Vtts ■Sfmwa*': 
'"" ^'''lora ate adaHtei daily In Uie alieaiiM ol fti& liaoW^, w- 
'Iiun, ualj. ' The main bnliainga aTt BsjAsA ^ Xsi 
'f itmiiar tn-r/tn proleet the cnWd-noe, w^\Avi* "'"V'^.a 






IJlllBJ of t 

id 'bj CtUieiine dc lUdliii 

— The TillBec uf CAownanl 
liefure the cbilua. 

Beyond Onz^n tliti eliateau of Chanmont it seen to tbe Idt 
1221/2 U- Vcuuea; 130 M. Limcray. In the distance, to tbe tell, ii 
the chatea.!! ofAmboisa. 

133 M. Amboiie (Lion iTOt, Cheoal Blanc, on the qu»y, B. from 
2, d<j. 2% D, 3 fr.), » town wilb 4463 inbab., lies partly on a hUl, 
unwblcb rises tbe tunaua 'Oiillf, scUl impoeing with its loft; wtlls 
and ramparts defended by tbree maselve round 

TUB c 

tbe propBTtf of tha Orl^&na fam 
ipeclull)' uiociateil with ths cui 

ruvd ham 1131 tl 

.1 Rutori ' 

. nas. t 

b;r L 

apinton >i 

I of the Qnliu. The ] 


. Prucii and hli brida, Harj, (loeaa d' SesU, u 
wBii KB ueiaenva oe n^dicij and her other (no ipdi, aflamardi Chailea Ui. 
and H^nri III. Tbe Edlel of Anibulse granted lolenllan Id (he HogDeaoli 
In ISetl. The caitle wu long oied aa a •tale-prieDD. and the AlRoln 
chief, Abd-el-Kader. wai cuatlned here from IStT lUl ISSi. In 1S% Ot 
Ouute de FutIi beean the tealDratlon of the castle, which »ai UoaUr mM 
in ISBb lo the Due d-Aumile, to be coRveiled Into an uflum for mllllas? 

The interior is shown by a custodian vbo lives to the left tn a> 
vaulted passage leading to the garden (now open to the publie~|, Oa 
the W. aide of the garden is tbe beantiftil 16th cent. Gothic •Cfcopei 
ofSl. Hubtrl, restored in tbe reign of Louis Philippe, above tin 
door of wblch are One has-rellefs of the converaion of tbe satiil uti 
other ecsnes from hia life. Within the chapel are the remaini el 
Leonardo da Vind, who died in 1619 at Aniboile, whither he bail I 
<)een aammoned by Frands I. The towers (130 ft. high) aie so maa- 
sive that tbe place of stalra within la taken by spiral inclined plan**, 
by which horses and even carriages may aaeeod. At the end of th* 
terrace (fine Tiew) a Ion doorwa; is ertoueouely shown as that >ea(n>> 
which Charles Vlil. struck bis bead, thus oaneing his deatli (149)4). 

The H6lcl dt ViUc (i6th cent. ; restored In 1891), tbe chorcbes 
of St. Ftcrenlln (IQ-lBth cent.) and Si. Denii (interesting Roman- 
esqae capitals), and an old City Gate (IJth or 16th cent.) ms; tiM 
lie noticed. 

From Amboise la O'h ^i CAm«K>aui (p. 3^, vil tbe raril <tAmttin, 
an. 13 If. 

130 M. Vcucray. The vineyards of this district yield a well- 
known white Wine. The Loire is crossed. 140M. AfonUaui^le aitaateil 
oil a bill, the csverns in whicli iiBie iotmMVj VtioiMu**, 

144 M. St. Pierrt-dta-Corpt (BixttftCi. ^»»attn««« ^ot«aa^n 
the Bord«iax axpress-trainB cWns« ta.n'iB-?,** V*.»\jCa*^ "' 
'ra/flj cHu i„io ijie station ot Toiita. T'U'ili 
alter ui-ussing ihu i'hiihI i'.«um'«'".iviij t.\ie 

Jb "Co.* ■ft**.-, 1 



I. Vii VendSmo, 

UB V. K>Ii.w>r in e-7';i hm, (firea the ssms u rli OtI^us; |i. 369). 

From Faria to (.20 M.) BrHigny, gee p. 263. Tha VondBnift 
line dlTSigBS to the right fiom tbattoOilfanE, undasceDds an incline. 
23'/2 M. ArprtJon; 25V2 M. B«ujtf«i, S'/a M. to the N. of Si. Sui- 
picc-de-Faiiiirtc, wUch poasossea & floe Gothic ehurci ot tto 13tli 
century. From (26 W.) St. Oiiron, a village witb altracUva environe, 
a pleasant walk may be lalien to the Suites de BdniUe, in the park 
balonging to the 17th cent, uhitean of that namo, '/4M. to tho W. 
The railway traverses a prettily wooded valley. 

'ibM.Doiiiia,ii(S8t€ldeLyon; duCroiaiant), a towti with 321 1 
inhab., poEsesEBB the rains of a CaaUe bnilt by Philip Augnstna, 
consiating mainly of a massive circular donjon and a girdle wall, 
Hanked by nine smaller Cowots and surroundeil by a moat. The 
adjoining Churcli ia an intereating ediflce of the 12-18th cent.; in 
the inlerioT the columns of (lie triforinm, the bossoa of the vaulting 
in the aide-chapelE, the poipit, and the mural paintjngs (the two 
last modeml maybe particularized. 

Beyond [38 M.| 8le. Alesme we enter La Beauoe (p. 264|. — 
— 48 M. AunMU (Hotel de Franca), 1'/* M. to the left of the little 
town of that name, wMch retains the donjon of Its old castle. Auneau 
Is the junction of lines to Oliartrea (198), (□ Etampea (p. 264), and 
to Maintenon (p. 196]. 

B2 M. Vovei, also on the railway from Chartrea M OrliCans (see 
p. 59 i to Toury, see p. 2641. — T5 M. Bonneml (Bdt. ds France), 
a town on theLofr, vrith 3818 inhab., contains an interesting chuich 
of the 12th cent., with a tower partly rebuilt Id the li>tb, and an 
slibey of the 12lh, 16th, and 17th cent., now a lunatic asylum. — 
The trslo crosses the Loir and descends the pretty valley of that 
stream, commanding an extensive view to the right. 

84 M. Chftteandun [Buffrl; Buttl de la Place; ilu Bon-Labou- 
rtur, R., L., A A. 2-3, dSj. 2i/s, i>. 3 fr.), a town with 7460 inhab^' 
on the left bank of the Loir, oceuplea the site of the QallO'-Boman 
Castroditnum, In the middle ages it was the capital of the Comtes 
de Dunois. It has been freijuently burned down, on the last occasion 
by the Germans in 1870, a fact to which It owes the regularity of 

isge) aad s modern Renaissance Pountami^J-J QmiSiK«- 

w de Luynes, lo the right ot tU« H.6WA AeNft\*,\*'*.4a'«' •*« 




268 Route 35. VEN'DOME. 

above the l.oir ; the donjon, a Luge round lower, 150 ft. Ugli, toiii 
left of the couityaid, was lebuilt in tfae 12th cent.) the chapel md 
sdjoining fa^sde were sdded by tho Eelebrated Donolt, conunonlj 
railed the 'Bastard of OiMsns', in the t5th cent. ; while Che rtfade on 
(he right side, vith Its etaboiate eitemal ornamentation, dates fnm 
the 16t!i century. The interior contains a restored chapel, a Banait- 
sance Etalrcase, and the 'saUee des 400 gardes'. The view of the eulli 
from the bants of the Loir (descent on the left fide of the cutle) if 
biglilf imposing. 

The small neighbouring square contains a mined Gothic cfaipti, 
and farther on , as we descend on the other side of the castle, l» 
some curious old Houies. Opposite the end of the Rue dn Obileis 
is a house with a carved wooden facade in the style of the Ren^ 
sance; and at the end of the next street is a stone fai;ade otttii 
same period. 

The Egliie dt I'l Madeleine (12tb cent.), at the same place, bt- 
longed to an abbey, of which the buildings to the right and I«!lt,ni}w 
occupied by a hospital and the eonrte of kw, also form part. Tbi 
Romanesque arches in the right aisle and the choir-stalls are woilh; 
of notice, 

Theltue de la Madeleine brings us back to the Place dn Uii-llnil 
Octobre, whence the Rue Oambetta leads to the left to the CAurth nf 
St. Valirien, a building of the i2tb cent., with a stone spire and i 
Romanesque eide-portal. Beneath the organ, in the intetiot, 1st 
freieo of the 14tb cent., sadly il^ured. — The same street, by which 
we may return to the station, leads to the Cemclery, in whicli are ■ 
ruined Gothic Chaptl and a Monument to those who fell in defend 
of the town on October 18th, 1870. 

Saflway from SogtBl-it-BiitnHi and Courlalain lo Orliani, lec p. ISR. 

As we quit Chateaudan, the cemetery with its ruined chapel it 
seen to the right; farther on ii a chateau of the l&th centory. 

Ql H. Ctayee has a fine belfry of the J5th century. Eiteodii 
view to the right. 901/, M, Moric'St-BUaire. 100 M. FrHenal bu a 
ruined chateau of the lilh cent., to the right of the laiiway. SCTanl 
caverns may he observed in the hUl-sides on the banks of Aa Labi 
in some eases still inhabited (p. 274). lOS'/i M. Paou. 

110 H. TwdAms {Hotel 8t. Martin, Plare Sc Hartin^ du Caw 
TiufH, Qraude Rue; Z.ion d'Or, Rub St, Bi^, a tovn with 9777 in- 
hab., is situated on the Loir, about ^t M. to the S.E. of the tUtiMi. 
Vendfime U the Roman Vindoeinum, In the 10th cent, it became (be 
capital of an independent barony, which In 1515 waa made a dachy. 
Tbe dukes of Vondfime were for a long time members of the Bcnr- 
bon family. 

Onssiog an arm of the tixet and ^MtB«ii\nt\n».e.>av\*A»m* 
lion, we pass behind the CJtopel oJ 0>6 M<Aa. ^a 'lV^ ^^«^jW; 
, Wj-Zfl. TiiB Lyr/e Itself, au atioiant to\\«66,^'i>f i**'^''/»«-™ 

fl' Vmfl6me and natural son ot Ww^ ^'''> ^*''*' 


— Farther uji U tL« PZui:e £f. Miirlhi, in wLicIi rleee uii Hlugaiit 
Tower, the reliu of t, uhoich of ths Reuussance. On the liglit Is a 
DUilous timber-houBB of the 16th century, 

TliB •Chdech 01' THK TttiNinr , an interestlOB ediflca of the 
12~10th cent,, on (he left eide of the Etieot, formerly belonged 
LO s BomsneBqne obbey (12th cent.), the piolnreeqiie ramune 
jf whlcli are seen in tlie sqnure in fioDt, In front of the portal lises 
i magniilcent Belfry, in the Tranaitiou style of the 12lh cent.. 
Clowned by i stons spiic. The inteiioi of this tower should ba 
axanuned by tbose inteiested in architectQie , eepecially tba laiga 
ipaitment on the giotindilaoi and (he cnrionely arranged belfry 
<tage. The Facade of tbe vhuieh is an elaborately ornamented 
iismple of the Flamboyant style. 

The iNtsBtuu. al Ike 14~lfilli cent., pioducet an r.lltat sf gieat ii^Uj. 
Tbe IrifRFinin add the windons allract adenlion by their size. The Inm- 
leptg, which date {rem tlie ISth cent., are Juwec thui Iba nava, uid are 

tntlque italDEd glaai, thtrlj-two •Slalliut Ihe IS-lBth eent., and a m Bible 
AUbt tn the tljle of the l5th centary. The tears ind iDacripttoss on the 
Bsrly-Bensisiuics Serun of the uncUary leciU Ibsl the abbey claimed 
to nosBBFS cine of tbe teara ahed bv Christ at Ibe iomb of Laiarug, Olher 
feature! of intereil are two AUar-Ftsm (IBlli cent.) in tbe cUspeti Dankine 
Ibe apitdalcbapeli I'bt.'Pvtpil, a modem worli In Ibc atyle of the atalli; 
BDd the BeDaiuanee Fonlt, in Ibe Rn\ cbapcl lo the left of tba nave. — 
To Ibe right of the nave, and coumanicaliiig wllli its lait bay by a door- 
way uf the IBlh cent., are aaniB rcmalni of the CMitivi, ertcled la tbe 
It-lStb eeoturlea. 

A large building (17tb cent.) to the S., between the churcb and 
tbe main channel of the Loir, which aIso belonged (o tbe abbey, is 
DOW oacupied aa barracks. As we crosn the neighbouring bridge 
fRue St. Bi£3 ne see, on tbe heights of the left hank, tbe ruined 
Castle, which dates from the 11th century. Fragments of tbe outer 
wall, with ten partly ruined towers, siJll remain. The besl-presatved 
tower occupies the highest point, to which the approach on the right 
conducts. PioB view bom the top. The castlu was dismantled in 
1689, when Uenri IV (ook it from (he League. 

The Huitl de VilU, originally a gateway, erected in tbe 14-lutb 
cent., stands by the next bridge, at the end of the Rue I'otteriu, 
and may be reached either by the left bank or by tbe Rue Gues- 
nanlt, near the Place St. Martin, and the Rue Saulnerie, In which 
a tjuaint 16th cent, house may be obserred iu passing. The facade 
of theHiiiel daVllle fronts tbe bridge; (he battlements are adorned 
with medallions of the Itlth century. 

Jn the Rub Potterie ia the Husvb, a modern brielc stincturu, 
open on Sun,, 10-3,bnl accessible also on other days. In front stands 
a bronze statue, by Irvoy, of Ronsard, the poet flG4t-86), who 
was bom in lbs VeDdumois (see p. 198^. 

a.oDii£-^-,,o«B. Tbe TPom lo tbe rigbv cobIkob lm.M«.\ BtiW*-'"--'" 
,d uUierjrMKmeaU, sad the PrttUttnrie OviitcUim. \li It*. looia vo ■*! 
il^wfVMi, Drattnf,, ani ritav of lOuDiuuente. (v.-ms 



• nliquitieg fguud In ILa ndehfiDu 
I* (Km. lea 761, TfW), Frankiih 

wilb IbE worship of Itie BolT Iw, 

and ■ relic or Si. Slephen; elhnoeraiihiwl 

FlTther on Is tbe Oiarch of the Madeleine, witk 
spire and a large atainsd-glsSB wiiidaw ot 1629. The other irindsn 
aod paintings are modern. The street to therightleadstothBLrcft. 

Yendnme ii alio a sUtign on the rulnav fiom Bloii lo Fuut-dB-linn 
(■« p. STB). 

Oil leading Vendome, tlie triiti quite the villey of tie Loit 
120 H. Bt. Amand-dc-Vendome: 124 M. Viitediauv, 

128 M. GhhtoKtu-enaalt lEai Je France}, a tovD with 1500 iit- 
hali., has a ciistle of the llih cent., and. the dotijon of one still t1d<t. 

A iii.rro»-eiUKe rail"*! run. li«i« to (MM.) ftw(-B«.M( (p »), 
vl> (% H.l IVfuilli-Pml-Fierre Ip. 304) und (38 X.) ndlun>-Ia->aINkt 
Toots iii V»uv™j"c'p-''lM)- '""'"""'''"' " '»= "™' 

Beyond (133 M.) V7Urdain<r the train croBEes a viaduei,S&K 
high. Fine view. Bayond [149 M,} Fondettet- "' " 
Loire sud eea to the left the scanty ruins of the chSieiu ofFteuff- 
til- Tours [p. 283). Wb soon join the line to Nantes vii Aagtn 
(p. 267). — 153 M. Tours (Bnffet), see p. 279, 

36. Orleans/ 

Hatali. St. Ai.js.b (PI. u) C, i), notjfc- from lh<^ slilion. f»dM Um 
ItQC BjuiniBr, E. 2-10, dej. 3, I). 3Vifr.;^»*si. Il'lim. i.Oiu.SiM { 
C 2), Rue BBoaier llBi Obasd Hoth, ot Lohet ffl. c; C, 2). R« Bm- 

BiEriS; BoDLK dX'u[PI. d|0,3). Kae d'llllar* 9. — Fur-Mi ■ " - 

■fa Uie Rue Boargogne, Bne Sle. C^tbeiioa, and Rna dea Pulni 

'—"■•- -- BODlll. 

BntliuHita in tbePlaoedn Karlroii tllht Vtl. 

~Osbk~ Per driia '•/>. perhr. Sfr.; al ii<i{hl li/i asd 7 (r.; 

•ia the Bue BaoDler 

(be bridee IS and 10 

p. 7T1. — OmiUbu irom \ae j'om at aovryo^m 

jriidiMfli {Fl. A, 9}. 

PaM k Talamfh OHca (PI. E. 1). Bne de I 

Butill. Batiu dv CtiiUlel, Rue ChBrlee Sacfli 

OrUani. on tbe right b&nk of the Lnire, the ancient capital «( 
the OrJ^onoij and nov the chief town of the CcparlrmniE du LoiNl, 
the Beat of a bishop, and the headquarters of die Vth Army Coip(,l< 
a Urge and well-bajit but dnll towa, with a popiaation of 66,m ] 

Orleaot occapiei Ibe lile of Ibe G^ic lovn uf Cvabuni or Omila^ I 
captured and bnmed by Ocrsar in B.a S2 in reienge for ■ BaaHnri I 
BoinaB mercbMiU brre by Ibe Carnnlea. Tht tuv&waiatt«rwBT4>nM> | 
t>y tbe Eniperor ' " ~ ..-...-.*. ^ 

nisii is derlTiid. The pomtioo at Oi 

t si6*t airne^c Ims? 
■1 81. M«nv>i '^-" *■ 


^^i'4^^. Mj-,j 

OBLfiASS. 3fl. Route. 271 

Flf mBi became tbe capElal of tn independent kingdom, wblcb wu, however, 
atted to the kingduia uf Paris In BiS. Tbe most noMbla srent in tbe 
IstOTT of the iDTn ii its ileee by the Enillib in 1438-39, wbioh was 
iJaedtaTjoenofAre, Ihe famous 'Meld of Orii!Bna-. Enleiine Iha town on 
pril 29lh, 1139, ihe forced (be English (o retire br tbe Sth of lU;, >n 
rant lUU annually celebrated on May Ttb end Sib. In 1^63 tbe town, us 
■troBEhold of the Uaguenots under CollgnT, wu attached bTlhaSnlie 
t Ouise. m IBTO Orl^B <vn.ii again Ihe object of Important miliUrv 
AnsDviesi on Ocl. Ulh It nas laken by the Germans, a monlb later i'l 

iBBlen of II on bee. Sth aod'beld it unlll March lltb, ]?ri. 

ThBB(alion(Pl. D, 1) gajoins thaliandBOine Bouieuords, on the 
ppoaite side of wbich is the new Hue ds U Gare, leading straight 
' tie Place dtt Marttoi (see below}. We, howerer, first foUow the 
>tileyard8 to tbe right to Ibo Place Barauer (PI. C, 1), and tlienOB 
BSvend the Kue Banniet to tbe Place du Martro!. At tbe cornet of 
'o lait-naioed street stands the Cfiureh cfSl. Pateme (PI.O, IJ, now 
*ing rebnilt. When tbe restoration is complete, this chnrch idll be 

tlandaome specimen of the Gotbic style of tbe 13tb centorf. 

The Placi du MartToi (PI. C, 3] occupies the centre of the town. 

mediocre bronze Equestrian Statue of the Maid of Orliatw, by 

oi/aIi(r, was erected bere in 1855, lepiesentiag Joud relnrnlng 

i«uks to heaven for ber victory. The sixteen ilto-reliefs nte by 

ital Dufiroj. 

Tbe BoflBoyale leads from the S. side oftbeeqaare to the Loire, 
^e fbllow, however, tbe Rue Jeiniie d'Arc, wbieh inns to tbe W. to 
'te. Cioii, passing the Lycfe, on the left, and on the tight a small 
luaie with a bronze Statve of tkt Bepuiiic by L. Roguet (1860). 
The'CathedTBlof Ste. Cioix(Pl.E, 3), tboDghitsfatadeiEint- 
'Oiing, dates frotn the decadence of Gotliic architecture. Deatroycd 
ly tbe Hngaenots in 1567, it was practically rebuilt between 1601 
nd 1829, the greater part in a BDcccssfol eiioogh repiodoctiou of tbe 
ite-QotMc manner, while the florid facade, designed by Gabriel, 
rehitect to Louis XV., attains a certain amoont of dignity in spile 
fits bastard style. The latter is flanked by two towers, 285ft. higb, 
litbont spites, between which are three portals, surmounted by 
3Be-windows and an open gallery. Tbe lowers are carried np tbiee 
lories higbet, the first stage i[i each having spiral staircases at the 
Dmeis and statuea, the next two, light arcades \ both lowers termiii- 
te in open crown-shaped galleries. Between tbe towers Is seen 
le gtacBAil central spire, rebuilt in 1850. Tbe cburcb is 485 ft. in 

— - B 100 fl. lo height, H si 


Brior in elyle to lb 
be Dr[(lnal hnlldlne 
r ml are nellher 
rlDdows are the 81a 

IHe elmhonta marb 

e fi; The eleren chapelt of Ib'e Dhoii dnle tram 
as Ibey escaped from the names In 15B7. Tbeworhd 

lo°s''ortbe''{'ro"t ™uipluMd by CloTr!««=«»u, «1 
elaboraie Gothic allaiB In oi,TveA^QQ\. ftomttA '1m 
are good. In Ihe 1st ehapel «. fee rtt^* "^ 'i^.^'^ 

^^e JV. lide 

r the cathedral is e. ■towtviB a^.*W«>^ ^ 



372 iCfnritim. oi(l£;anh. lUiait'tt 

Onlirty, of llohtrl I'Mlrr tl'l. K,0), Iht (tiiimu t*fal witWt [ISW- 
1773), • oatliB of OrltfauB. A litU* UHlet on, lo Uib UH, U tti> - 

B«t*I de TUla 01 AfukJ* (PI. D, 3), s tuiBful b 

■nd tloii«, dating honi 1530, tnt r«*iored and cxhi- j ' 

tt wu btmnrly ihn toyU reildoacc, aud liet« FruiM< : 
Iti ib« nruKor bj« wife, Miry Sloart. 'rliB main Knii 
t'y two (dTiiidni; wIngH, wllli oldiea contaiolnf ntniiti 
iiBlfvoa of Ibe tovrii. The Caryatldea benealli Ui^ iiai-i>iji» "^ 
altriliuled lo Joiu Goujon. Tbe broiKo Statut of Joan of A", i" 
lh« couil, It a lepliva of v uiarlilu alatue by I'tlricenH Maria vl dl^- 
alia, now at Vs mall lea. Several of [haapartiuniiMoii tbadmSooi 
ar« deruiatad In tbc Mylo of Ibe IClh cbiiI. (spply W Ibe wncliirMJ' 
Th« ehliuney-plucB qI ibe Salic <l«> MaiiagBt and Ibe caUIng oltli* 
Sails dn Ooniatl •boul'l be ob«Biie>L The e<jue*inan atataa «(Jdw 
ol Ate tcampUng on a moitally waaDdad Engllibman, lu lb* Qim^ 
rislon, ii alw> by Pririiseni Maria of OiMaua. 

We now retraie our ntp» along ibe Kue Jeanue d'A 
i'laci d« la K^publlquc (a<-c i>. '271). Tb« Old llittl <U VUi 
UUted building of Ibe 16Ui tent., wlUi a (ioibtc lower, now conUlH 
Lb* maait d« VOaUxD et d« flcnlptare (PI. U, 3) and ibe /V<tMr«> 
JtlKlory Muttvm. The Mltnrcloiii are ojien lo the publU sa ^"• 
and Tbnia., l!!-4, and (o atraiigoti ou stbet daya ilao (cloNd gn l^* 
prludp^ holiilayB and ilurlnK flepl. and Oct.). Th«te la atlDttn 
entiance lu tbe liUB HM, Catlieriue. 

Vie (bllawlBK !■ aii alpliibctiLal llil ur ihe prlndpal wc 
TJiar aiB nut all aonbered, but sll baie ■lelaDaturr lilicli. 

nUtUtB. iflNfUa (at Otlttvi). t. TauBt BtelOMi M BBBbai, V<m» 
mmoat tj • aaow-ilon, Oonllacnll'ni. — JtorcUn. 90. KBUae Milt- 

liall. - (lanHtMrSO. Bfa»n i-rpanl, - Camu'4, AdoratlAD of tba |b«; 
liat4>. — ra, A Oiaiinalrw, ». 8 . <;arla B0rroineo, — JT, CvrnWSt, H . lal^ 
and Sim. - Oemlf, WT. Belon tnnn the Aolda. - DtOir, 7«. ImM"** 
tf (iHB-ieeU), M^n. Kanh, AM, 1 
:, — Zf«ii.!n4eJUnB, Bl. Caellta. — Off 

, , ,_ nrnflam. 108 rortrali. — Zxawlr, W. Wrtb nf llai"' ■' ' 

- IMiptm tot Orl/aaa), 119. SCaunbta »« the ababcHa. — f- Flml**' 
98. Ludaaapa. - iVwrfHf (IWT-IMQJ. U1-U8. Tbe EraD|eIliM aad >*• 
..._ -. — . »_...._ "'--^rt, iSa. I'hrtat dsaiwiainf ™ iho aaHli »^ 

,_- 4«lat'. la.lwork, HDlahrKl bv a p>'pil)^.;; 

, Carllaa Bomana. — BatU. 166. Pllrtt letn Bainrt. — /*"j 

flbt Wler JfarllJo), 176. Holy Pumlly. ~ /■. ff«(, m. Arnn«, IM. W"*; 
at «h» IlMiie, — f-a^sri', SIO. I.oeebeoii -parly. — CLtfrb-rr !iii -i-^, 
anil Juieiib, — UfQBe, Landieap*. ~ Cjt. ran £««, ^.''^ ' 
The BcLi'Dll)). — Lmaum, 3SS. Italian eahaiel. — .V'./ ' 
oaMflDc Olympu, 313. VanlBce nf FtyiUit. — Uiy^'. -< 
trelb. — Vm irbrd Oh Xtdtr, PoMralt 'if tbe arUii. 

■' liifiioaii - - -■ ^ - 

■lei. Madai 

S. Blldf.— n^FHTOll-, ' 

i^nw. - rfrtV/fCatoiTMfJ, SOB, 08. V'' 

PrmaU, KR. Corul. — Pn,fJu», ¥aiMUt - 

MelnmnU, Ooait Jlnilnc the baJy of I'll' '- 
^t. Ciirflla Ib the RaUoiml.a. — Mntnw. Mi. 
ittJtt. — /tsHmha'imiT , iWfl, lln^T ViioA-i. i-i'- 
■Jiocrafldo/ln, MB, VlilajBfwlWiiiKj^li'i.W.v^ 

411, m. lindJCBI 

ciilei'. — Witrr, vu. tatcDu's i 

in n girlud of floweri. 

Siiilpturai. BlaucAurd, fi06. Bopa-dancci. — CopUsr, B73. Tli 

raKdalun. — 
Ls jurprl^ed. 

D91. Hi^r- 
FtaQini dm ForU, Mary KaKdalon. - 

Qaitting thebaildiiigbf the door in thu Rue 5te. Catherine, wl 
tiitu to the right, and a few yards farther on to the left [Rua des 
Albsnaia), and leacb tba HSUl dt FarciUc or Cabal, a tasteful litUe 
ediQce of the 16tti cent., often erruiiuouEly cdlsd the 'House af Diuia 
of PoitleTs'. It coutalusche jnterustiiigandvelUarruigddHiitoriDiJ 
Knaeam (Fl. D, 3J, open as the olhsre [see p. 271). The objects ue 
furnished with inBciiptioos. Catalogue, 1 '/■> Si. 

Oiouiio-FLoaH. Aallque isd oUier iculplurei. — FiiiT Fbooa. Gold 
orouneDti fiom Cyprug. Oallo-RomaD broniH (bona and bou foond in 
Ifae netghbouTlioDd), anlli|UB Taiu and tetcacottai; Egiplian anIiqultJu) 
Hint aie-beadi) gmall broDiei aad (erracottui and miioellanaouB obieslii 
of mora modain dale. — Second Flour. CheiM of Ibo IG-lSlti <Mnl., and 
other furaitun; foot of the 13lh cant., bai-raliafa in alabaitar, Hne cbimne;- 

uaiUu. — X room off'lha eourt contaiu pomelain from Bouen, Deltt, 
and NaTeni medali; Coa chlmiia;-pJaeG of tlw ISlh cent., with paintad 
bai-reUafB (llfa oC John (ha Bapllat); porcelajn, nnallo objecla of art, 
ivury, bonbooDitTH, walsheg, itatuettai, ate,^ Duriona ambar eruelllx. 

The Rue des AlbanaU enda in the Rue Rojole, the most inter- 
esting in the town. Tbe Urst turning to the tight ig the Rue dii 
Tabont (PI. C, 3J, No. 16 in which U the eo-oalled House of Agnei 
Sorel, an ediflne of the Renaissance. No. 37 ia tbe Eouie ofJoun 
of Arc, in wblcb tbe Haid of OrMuje lodged. It now contains thu 
Uneie Jeaase d'Aic (PI. C, 31. 

lerESl thu arUaUc value. The Balli det lta<taimiu (od tbe pooailloat] 
cuntaina mainly CDodala of italuea of tha heruinai tbe aalU du SUei [111 
llooi) lllnatratu the armi and armour worn at the siege of Orlt^ani; tba 
Sallt du Si!imx (2nd lIuDr) eoalalna coini, medila itruek in honum ut 

are mlBoeUaneoua objects. SpecialJy noteworthy are a FlemJab upestry 
(IQth oenl.) repreaoDtlue loan') arrival at ChlooDi Beauvala tapealr; (ITlU 
cent.}deilgDeAaftar Ibe'Pucelle'Df Oh^ipelalu; banner borne at the feallral 

?. end of the briilge ia Ilia avibuA fit Bv. Wai- 
c^au, *i Ibe beginning of wblcb is a mediocie Slolue o[U»« »*»■■' - 
OrM^u, by Goh, removefJ hither from Ibe "P\ An ^RmW"- 
^MT ^^'" *""'*• "'""" 300 yds. l)e\tiw v\v« \>t\i\ft'^, ' ' 

f 574 Jtiivle m. ORLEANS, 

rndssance Chmch of Nolrt-Tianu-de-Kccouvrance [PI. C,4), «l 
in memocf of the deliTeraTir.e uf tUe town by JoBU nf Arc, wilh 
iDUtaJ paiDtings by B. Luarga. — About '/a M. up the riret ui 
the mntiUted leoialns nf the IBth cent, chuicli of St. Aiftur 
[PI. F, 4J, toDBlstiiig of lbs choir snd transepts. — To the N.E., ii 
the Boulevard Si. Mare, is the church of Si. Eaverle (PI. G, 3), ix\- 
ing rrom the il-ibOi centuries. ThencB to the stedou »boat 1 H. 
FlBBBBot hbLIu m>; b^ lak^n gn the banki of tlu LoiiE 10 tbg OtdUM 
ti/SI. liap, I'/i M. above the town, aid io tho GKaptlU Bl- MaPiiJi. Th*. 
below. An pmniboa pliei In ibe latter fmin Rae de la HBllebardeBl (PI. OJI. 

by private cmriaBe, or hj Iramwsj (p. 2TO) to OliTst f RMloumnl d* fiM* 
rodo;, B TtUaje aboul 2 M. from Ibn GhHUai it la Boant. There we ia 
reality two loorces, the Ablmi and the BouUlon, bath remarkable for Ike 
iibnndancs end limpidity of Ibeir nnler, and lalrl Io bava lublemDeaD eoD- 
munlntiuD vrilb the Loire. The eh&lean itandi ia a pteMnnl gArden (Cm). 

Ftotd Hrl^ani tu Toart, aea p. 2B6| lu Bowga and JTaHri, ms pp, UD' 
toil to MaltiiaHui and AdursH [KoreD, lee p. 399) la Ctmim, icep.M. 

Fbo" "m.tiK» lu HosTlKoig, 47 M., railway In 2-2"/* br». Ifarea S tr, 
(0, D fr. 76, 3 fr. T5 c.). — H/i H. tu Ji'bnrij (p. SI). The train nm 
eltirti and then inleMBuU Iba Forat of IJriiiain. lV/,». Btniervi UM, 
l^S-aKX-Ltfti, ■iludled on the Canal i'OrUan; belween the Loire and Iba 

la-KoUodB luBgargea (p. 38B|. — 88'/, M. Lain- wa» the gcene of i 
on Kov. 2tth, IBTO (nionoment). - 17 H. Jfo-teri/ii, aee p. 896. 
Fsoil USI.B.SB TU O.EB, afl B., railway in abool aV( hr». (fan 

I0,ifr.B6, 8 ft, 16fl.). TMg line aicendi Ibe ralley of the Loir«, al 

dlitanca from the river. — S'/i M. SI. Jtan-dt-Bivft. Beyoad (7 ».) Clttij- 
Ifariii we cruM the Oanal d-UrWans (see above). — ^ll^ «. ai-Dr«U-/ir- 

gafni^d by Joan of Arc aver theEoeliib In )u ndghbonrbood In Hay. toZ 
— 16 H, OhlUaunaof-aur-Loira (lui. On Tmit-Reii) it a nnUl town wick 
the remdnt of a buge Chateau rebuUl In tbe 18tli eeultiry. The tbatek 
conlaini the Ifnnb of the Due de la Vrilli^re (1672-1718), mlBiitw of 
Lonia XIT., wltb a line group in marble. Abanl 3 It. ta Ibe &JX. Mm 
OcmignD-iu-Prii, a village noted tar iu chnrch, origlna]]; datlne tiim 
the Oarolinglan period and reitored In tbe primitive iljle. 

31 H, Bt-Bmttt-m-Aigum. — Bt. BeBolt-inr-Loire f/nnji;. about 3 H. 
to (he B., ovel iW origin and iti nime (o a rich Benediottne inoniMnT, 
fuanded in 620 end pillnged and deiLrojed by the Hoguenota undsr Conrl:! 
InllWS. At one time 50(1} pnpUt are laid to tfive been taught by the noaka. 

aepU, between which liiet a aqnare lower. The W. 
ru (loriea high, and ii divided into i Dave and aillM 

I Kanked by III large alBtnes (mnlilalea), and above 
Utlon of the tranilatloo ol the rellu of fit. Baoti 

may be ciiDveDienlly vliiled fni 

(lie Loire, Ocrmlgny-dea-Pti^a Ii 

At a5'/i».) La fivrdu we ' 


37. Blois. 

)eabi> Hntei, i>e IIlois (F1. ai C, 5;, Hoe 
■ell tpiiken nfi -g... HAt. pi FimiaK IEL 
ViMor-UDgo, B., 1., A A. 8-PffrB^", «" Vn.T/^ on, ,, , 
CaiTuD CPl. c; 0, B), Koe Purte-OuUS Sll, K„ 1., A 4. M, B. 1, dij, a"/», 
|i. 3, omn. V' f'i AsoLETiKBii (PI. d; D, 6), un tbc qpty, W the hridg^i 
TfttK MoiHK, oo ttp DOij, E,, I,., * A. 3'/i, B, 1, a<|. 3'/i, D. 3 fr. ; Pii t. 

tboii on the q 
id Ttb.g»i.h C 

IfBoo, Plnce de Li a«pnbliqne (PI. C, i) u 

>. Begidei tiL 

I BailvaY BlaUm p(np«T (Fl. A, S-C) Bin 

f.,t Bncienx IChimbord), Lumolle. imd Bcn.mni liie oilier, in lis Fau- 
honrg Nenf (PI. B. 2), for Ooi-mor-le-MsrchS (30 M.), 

Bioii, the chiaf town of tho J)e'port(men! de Loir-eJ-CVier, with 
33,162 inh&b., Is plctaiesquely sftaaled on the right bsnb of tho 
Loire, with its prineipal sfteel in ihe hollow helween two bills, on 
which rise respeetivaly the '■hiteau »nd the csthedral. The older 
parts of the town are itl'built, with numeTous nartow streets, whiuh 
DccBsionally degenerate into fllgbts of steps. A bridge at the end 
□f tbe m&iu street leads over the dvi^r to the suburli of Vienna on 
ihe left bwik, 

;t Orl&si, aen o! CliarlBa V. or Prance, puccliued Uie caille from tb^ 
e.ianl* oCBloia. Under ila aev muteri Bloll enjo^ad a period of loi- 
pcirlanoe, eapedblly when Luuli> grandaDb, who tr-equently restiled here, 
Diceniled Uie llirona of France u Loaie 511. Franeia 1. »penl large Sumf 

CL»^ V.' HenH 111 ipeat macli of hli tame at ktoli, and (trice po V(K 
and 1B88) uaembled the Statei-General here faee p. 376)) here, loD, the 
Uukeof Galas was aaisailnatsd by Iheliliig'a urdan (lee p. 376). The cMtlo 
iLen (ell Into diifntour. Hsnrl IT Tlaitfld It once. Louis Xin. Imprisoned 
Ilia mother, Hirie de U<<dleif, in lUa eaalle, and aflerwardi preeenled II to 
Ills bniitier, Oualon or Orl^ana. 

From the RailisQi/ Slalion (PI. A. 5, 6) we procec 
to the Float Victor-Hugo (Pl.B, C, b), ooPopying the site of the oil 
' jsrdin has' at the foot of the ch&teaa. Tu the left, before the FUce, ' 
ie the Gothic PavUion d'Annt de Bretagae, or Boina de la Heine,.^ 
ilependetiey of Che ohUenq, now oncupled by a dnb. In the PlMi 
U the Jesuit Church of St. VInecnl, of the 17th cent. [PI. 6; B, 5' 
The "CairEAu (PI. C, D), the left aide ot which ie skirted li. 
the direct iscent fVom (he Place, is one of tbe most Interestiug ft 
France. The part in front ae we airl»B Is the 'Francli I. Wing, II 
Sneet part of the whole and a chef-d'iBUfre of the Uenaissanee, llid 
inaei fafade is Doticcd below. The eiterior fagsde, with four storie«, 1 
is richly decorated and adorned with tastahil tuttots aai ».\v q^\v 
gallery at the top. The DDattra«ti*a-looWn% ifvsftiavv oa '&i*t\'^'^. 
jAte* from tbe lime uf Gaslon of Oil€a»«, -^rtui >>e^i\ ». ta^ft^X-a^f. 

rr«u>osira,:tho of tbe wbole. Between ItesR Wo st-i&Q^v'^ ^'^^ **.^*> 

eiilere<l fcom tLe Plate dn Cb£teBu(Pl.C,5} by the Caln-ieLouJiZJ 
uunstiDcted of stone and brick, andflnlehed in 1^01. Above the doi 
Is an eqaeetrlan atataa of Louis XU, 

Tlia diitua belooES tu the ilMa mil ia upu daily rrua 7 oi S i.t 
llie jDterliir, taoweTcr, ia ahoiTD onlr undei llie escort uf a ciulodlan (r 

On the light side of the piincipal court riaee the 'Francli 
Wing, tbe ionei fs^dde of which if e«en tnoie riohly deeor«led Iht 
the outer. Like most of tbe chA(e»D it has recently undergoi 
complete reatoratioiL Tbt'Staireaie is the chief feature ; itasMn" 
within a projecting pentagonal tower, open at eai'h Stage, and b» 
ontBlde and inside is most bean tifuUy narved. The gatanianderwhi< 
Is Iteqnently repeated in the ornamentation is the badge of FrandE 
while the hedgehog on other parts of the building' is the b»dge 
Lonla XII. On the lelt side of the ronrt is the Ckaptt, dating fra 
the time of Louis S.JI., but recently restored and repaired. It 
embellished with paintings and roloured windows, one of whiih r 
presents the betrothal of Lonls XII. to Anne of Itrittany (p. 2(K 
— At the end of the conrt ia the llailon Wing, bnilt by Hanea 
tlie moat remarkable feature of which is the staircase. 

nlshsd, and la inlereillne ma'lnl) frnm a hlili'ric volnt'of liew. Oaon: 

Priendihiij) wlriliaieil tn Jean Ociujon. — t'ltn Flp. 
CailurlM dc ifMMi, iDniodint! two Ante-rH>mi, tbe uni. .» „, 
two gildea ohimney-piecesi tbe Qneen'i GaUorvj the DrearfBe Ki 
UedcliambBc iu vhiob Catlierioe died in 1GS9, with artietl^eaU] 

e Tow do Oubliata o 

In wbicb (lie ^nka of Ouiie , aiirDamed 'le BalafrA- or 'the Scnrre 
uSDsainiteii In IDSfl by order of Henri IU, breathed hia lasl. Adjolni 
an tha BetlrlDg Room, where Iha Sril blnvi were itruck, the Kini 

nlBLtion, TemalDed lo piayer 'fur the iticaeis of a gteit ichame-. — T 

Ote ead of the OaJarle Louia Xn, from which we villi the Salli <fu Bta 
Ttali baU, which li divided Isto two bj eight caliimoa, dales like I 
donjna [rom (be 13lh contur;. 

t'Tom Ibe other eod of the Qalerie Lnnli XU another it^eue lea 
lo BD unlmportani Kuaw (open on Sod., 13-1) alolliBrttmu rorafH). 

Sheep by Saia SonAnir, and La Colnmbina by Imtardo da nul. ai 
of Ibe roumi bave line cblmnBy-plecel of the time of Louli X" " ' 

ilnlln^B, aeulpturea, engravings, and a ddIIkIIoo ofi 
tiJiuie wllh sleps, to oui vlg^i* iie tie iijAl ftia r.aift*. 


OwtDKL KLOIS. ,17. Houit. 277 

■• bi fid ■hbev-ehur>-li uf Si. Mcolan | Fl. 0, r>), the fliiH»t in Itl.ils, 
^ta 1138-1210. The ramiikable fatida, wiib iu two tovBTs, bas 
IIMltljrbMn complated uid leBtotsd. The i.entnl lower, though far 
^ luting whenteen fiom vithont, rormEahmrlgDnie lintem in 
^faMrlOT. The klUr-plccB of the mth cent, to the N. of the choir, 
***( the trtnwpt, TepTesents the life of St. Miry of Egypt. 

*enow ueend the riBht bank of the Loire to the brirtue I p. IVt). 

/^ the bridge wB see the BtUne of Denis Fapin (ei^e lielow), at the 

^ Of the hwadMme (tieet beginning here. The Rne da Roi aecenils 

'"therlghttothBCofednifofSt. /^irf. (PL D, 4), .n edifice In ■ 

^Utud Qothle itfle, Teeonetmeted by J. H. .Maneait In 167S. The 

*9Ade li Uter, >nd miy be described as belonging to the neo-claBeiu 

'"^OoL The aerenth ch»pel to the right contains two marble reliefs, 

' I'tiimbert [1660), representing Memory and Meditation, for-. 

'^«rly on the tomb of the mother of King Stanislaus of Poland, In the 

<=aiueh of St Vlnoeat (p. 276). — The Biihop't Palace, behind the 

"l^thedral, dates taan nearly the eame epoch; the terrace (open to 

**>« public) eommands a fine view. 

The Bne dn PalUi, to oar right as we return, pasees in front of 
'*>« FttlaU dt Jutliw |P1. C, 4). The street leading thence to the 
'^(t eodi M the bronze statne (PI. C, 4, ft) erected in 1879 to Dmii 
j^pte (1U7-1710), the natural philosopher, who was bom at Rlols. 
7^J^ itttne, by A. Millet, is placed on a platform approached by 
^■K&tteps and oonimandlni; a fine view. — In the Rne St. Honoie', 
iBftaing hence in i straight dliection, is t)ie HBtit d'Alluye (No. 8 ; 
^- i, C 6), of the IBth rent, (restored in 1893), the finest of the 
old honwa of Biol* (visitors admitted). We regain the square near 
"*« chttean by taming Brst to the right, than to the left. 

?""•« eanTtnlemtlr milde "by" wrJag* (Klum-hte'frjMVpm.^'illih'lne 
^"raalU-li, irith md hurtel Lb-iK fr.). Tlia driTcrl niualiy i!-) by (he mal 
l,„ "edyke or embanlimeat on tbe lafl bulk or the Loire (11 M.) ind rMiirn 
2? *'i* Taller or Ihe Ctiim (IDM,). Or Ihe steam-tramwa; 0>a:r be nk«n 
iXtPO'li H.) arati»a (|.. TJV) ami a carriage hired there for Cbavbord 

Ph*"">onl,°Clie»Prnv. "an-l Beauregard maj all be vi.iled In una day (2S fr.), • • 

iU-A-toai halel aca the chilesu of rhambgrd. 
lun ^Va 'Obateau of Cliiiaberd, illiialed In n iiark. ao iq. II, In area. lui- 
'a J^^td bj ao M, of wUli, ii [ina cif tba nnol iiilaceo uf tlie Benaiiiauee 
f^,™^aUDee, and aa nn edillea It Is porhnpa unique. It was built by 

iSS^ on °U dacoratZ'n. Many ebaoiei" irerB atlBcwerdg oairled oat. 
Pr^^^slly by Loni) XIT. and by Hanhal Sais, to whom that monarcb 
■•r i?>l(sd It inlllS. I'-Fiim iT2G U 1733 Stanlilaua Leieilokl, the ai-kln- 
"'iM^'"'*. *"«» " nb,-i[nbord. Napoleon I. nreaenled 11 lo BnribM 
'-uiV'tlsr, from ohoie xidow U wai purchaJed In ISd for the Ism of fll.OUOI. 
''h.*^ by a naHonal lubicrlpUon, ua behalf of the future Comle de 
0„S?*l'e"' li8W.8fl). 1' low lielongB U> Ibe l>nko of Panu wA. fti«i 
c<i^W JeBardf, 'Ibe cbiiemg, only the >. part ol I'toc'bVa w.iii^W«A. 
9*<, "»«i 0/ two •du.ire Wuelij, (lie lower ul wMrti, Ml l\. \uti* M 1»^i- 
■ ■*», neloies Ibc jinalltr in lucli a way, tUM 11m -S, te*:***. "^ '■V* "■•"■ 

278 Route ii7. 



f.,r,ii. Ilia MLlre 

t ILe K. 





orntn of euh Mm* 

f^^Id.': /h.'SS 

s.> ib»t four of the»e lowe 

the p 


poFi ii faiihei udD 




liirreU, wned chi 


„d p 

a, bu 

del Id 

pre .U 




uDDtuInine lbs pri 

cipid itftinue 

Doel emptr ind onJu- 

united 1 moil ufth 





Bllatlect, and nthe 

re de) 

n 1798 bj lie B..I.- 



Bl i» t, 

ble ■piral -BultuK. 


TooU It (1(0 ItiJUnei 

To BeiubeGisd uiP Chevisni, Bi/rlO H,. curluu s< tar Cbiv 
horil (hb p. TTT) or from BiicIsdi (c>. 9 tt.). We Irmierse the tabaI^ »' 
Vienne md follow Uis Bomonntln road. Walken msT Itebten Ibtdijooi- 
riGT br taking lb« Iralo ttaa Bloli to Cour-Che«erny [les below). - Tin 
OAdluu 0/ Btmngara, sboat I'/i U. from Bloli, i> i>ld to bive li«i> bilU 
bT Fnnela I. u s bun line-lodge, bat put of il bu bees rebuilt and nM- 
unlcad. ]( contaloi a zsllerv of 363 Udorical porlralti of Ibe ITtk hdL 
|bj Ardlei), bbtbhI budiome eefllnia, and a tiled floor repreamUiE u 
irmj In erder of battle. — The ChiUan n/ Chaitmy, about Gi;i H. fuUiu 
on, i* ■ maeDlAcent atrnctare of the ITIli unt., partlr Id Ihe stTls ot Ua 
Benaiaaanee, and recently reatored . Konj of tba rooma tstaln tbe ertflul 
furnitara and decouUona. Tbe mTtlioluslcal painlinia tBIatorlea of Adoxla, 
t'eraeiu, and Tbeaeuca aod CliBrieleB) are by .Tean Soaiiler. * local ulIM. 

About en. to IheW. ofBlola la tbe nitDed CAilreaii o/^W> » lilR- 
eiting edlflce of lh« IBtli centory. — ChSlaM de ChanmoiU, *ee p. X6. 

Fhuh Bloib Vi> Pu.iT-DK-Euii:, v)i Tenioma, U'/< K., laUwaT Ik 
2V.-6V» bta. lf«e« 8 fr. 36, 1 f"-- «S, 1 f'- B6 c). - BeyODd (i'/, M.) fut- 
. °. . ,'. " ". '_ Tbere'aiB jeveral olhcM In tUa »drt- 

wblob (hs itatlon Is alius' 
u'eiDB are found elaewhece Id lb 
Liira tp. aSfl), the Tienne (p. SM),o 
Bile bank, are v*ry Jindont. Ab 
thdUnu it la Bmatnuiir; and u ( 

turn CbUcB 

- 37Vt a. ncri-ht-socttiii. At La ooiiiiBm. 

o_r_ way recruMM_ _Dr_.n MLB, B e rrEgu_af,_ ^^auj 

Itie K. oC&reuU U tht 

-.g and reath |30 MJ ff. 
Aliiui'. £<i Roelia, t'l, U. to Ibe W., bai tbs most interesUng (stinu ti 
ihia region : nearly all tbo UU Inbab, nf tbe village ire >TiMBl,>df to', TU 
(.Dir ia agajn orOBSed. 

aS'h K. llimMn-$Hr-lt-I,iiir (Tiola Eb1>) la a imall lowd cDmnaaded 
h]f • ruined oaallB, tbs donjon of vrbicb dstea from tbe tliti ceKtiur. 
On Ibe left bank of Ibe Lnir, l*/) U. to Ibe 8.K,. are Ibe piclureaqae rnlna 
n1 Out bugs OMUan dt Lawardii, built In (be i!-lf>tb ceninriea. 

Hear OT'/i M.) TVoa, which bag a Bonianeaqne cbuicb of Ibe lltli eent., 
>nd lome intereBllog miemB. 10 M. 3t%ti- 

>}t If. J^t-dt-Brayc, I 


Jinv in O/i-ai/ibrB. Ifwo 6 t(. Wl,' Cti. 3^,' 1 
< tLe Loire beyond O'liK.I U - "• " 

f^teall-at-ClaHdt; O'A M. Mont- pri" -dimawT* (• 

•(/^toT-»7^ r 

BokU. TOURS. 38. Route. 279 

mtfn (Lion d*Or). a boay cloth - manufacturing town with POOO inhab., 
V litvated on the Bauldrt. The Edict of Bomorantin, in 1500, prevented 
tke eitabliihment of the Inquiaition in France. — 86 M. Villefranche-sur' 
^ if a ftstion on the line from Tours to Yierzon (p. 288). 

Fbom Blois to Lamottr-Bkdvbon via Bsacieux (Chambord)^ 38Vs M., 
steaa-tramway (p. 277) in S-S'/s hrs. (fares 4 fr. 66, 3 fr. 10 c). Unim- 
portant stations. — 7 M. Mont (p. 278). — 10i/t M. Braeieuxj on the Beuvron 
(comp. p. 277). At (27Vt M.) La F§rt4-Beauhmi'nai» is a ch&tean that be- 
longed to Bug^ne Beauhamais. — 381/2 M. Lamotie' Beuvron (p. 400). 

FbomBlom to ODzoDEB-LB-MA&oHft (OrUant)^ dOVsM., steam-tramway. 
At Ovxouer we meet the steam-tramway from Orleans (p. 274). 

38. Tours. 

Railway Station. Tours now possesses only one Station (PI. D, 3, 4), 
recently reconstructed, and used by both the Compagnie d'Orl^ans and 
the government lines. 

Hotels. OsAND HdT£L DE l'Univebs (PI. a: D, 8), Boulevard Heurteloup, 
near the station, B., L., St A. from 41/2, D. 6 fr.; Gru. HdT. db Bobdbadx v-^ 
CPl.biD,9), almost opposite the station, to the right, B. 8-10, L. 1/4, A.(^ C ^ 
% B. 11/4, d^J. 3, D. 4 fr.$ Faisan (PI. ci Q, 2L Bue National^ ^'», B„ a 

t., to A. 4-6, B. IVj, d^j. 31/,, l9^;'5mri:^fifTr,hoviX'1f'(yk'(nr^ 
DBS Naoociavts (PI. e; 0, 2), both in the Bue Kationale (Nos. 29 i^ 19){ 
DU (JoMHBBCB (PI. f; 0, 4), Place du Palais-de-Justice, B., L., A A. 2-5, -. -. '". 
B. li/a, d^j. 3, D. 3 fr.; ou Ckoissant, Bue Oambetta 7, opposite the poflt 
office (PI. C. 8), pens, from 8 fr. .';V ' 

Caf4t. Bernard, du Commerce^ de la Ville, BueKationale 10, 82, & 46; 
de rUnimri, Place du Palais-de-Justice 8. — (k^f^-Conctrt de P Alcazar, Buo 
Nationale. — Oirque Raucy^ on the quay, near the Mus^. 

Oabt. With one horse, per drive 1, per hr. l^/i fr.; with two horses, 
IVs and 2 fr. 

Tramwavs (comp. the Plan). From the Barri^re de Vouvray (PI. B, 1) 
to the Barriere de Grammont, via the Bue Kationale and the Avenue do 
Qrammont ^sectlons^ 15 c. each ; all the way 25 c), with a branch to 
the Pont Bonaparte or St. Gyr (PI. B. 2). — BtMim Tramway from the 
Place de rHdtel-de-Ville to Vouvray via Marmoutier (p. 283) and Boche- 
corbon (3 sections, 30-46 c. each, 40-60 c. for 2 sections, 75 c. all the way). 

Pott k Telegraph Office (PI. G. 8), Bue de Glocheville 16. 

EnirUsh Chnroh, Bue de la Prefecture; services at 11.15 and 4. Chap- 
lain, Asp. Wm, Apple/ord, B. A. 

Baths. Bain* de la Touraine, Boulevard Bt'ranger 18. 

Tours J a prosperous town with 63,267 inhab., the former capital of 
the TourairUj the chief town of the Dipartement d7n(2r<-e<-Xoire, the 
headquarters of the IXth Army Corps, and the seat of an archbishop, 
is situated in a fertile plain on the left bank of the Loire and extends 
with its suburbs as far as the right bank of the Cher, nearly 2 M. 
f^om the Loire. The agreeable situation and mild climate of Tours 
have induced large numbers of English and other foreigners to take 
up their abode here. 

Tours, a town of the Gallic tribe of the Turones or Turoni, joined tho 
league under Vercingetorix against Gsesar in B. G. 52. It was afterwards 
transferred from the K. to the 8. bank of the Loire, and known under 
the BoBBan emperors as Oaeearodtmum and Qater) Urhe Turomim. It be- 
came the capital of the Third Lugdunensis in 874 A. D. From the invasion 
of tha Fmnkt until the 11th cent, the town was the capital of a line oC 
counts, whose descendant, Henry II., united TtmraVtve NvWfak. \Ni'& '^x^s^^^^ 
crown. TUs province was restored to France in \Sli£i\ a.iv^ iToxd V^v«X >\.mv«>^ 
onwudf Tonrg was a /aroarite residence of the Freivck \t\u°a, N»\x^i \oi^«»«'^ 
it» maaoUeturcB and largely increased its prospeTily. LoxuaXV. e,^^«.c^^^^^ 


hlihop In 

( 1799.MB0)" lh« 'noreUi" ,'w8«"b" IB V"? o™!"""' "" 

The Bailway Slation (P1. D, 3, 4) adjoins the fine booltTinli 
whiob Eepaiate the town propei from its snburbB. Turning milii 
Un, ve reach in a few minatei tlie handscime equaie In front dI11> 
PaUiii dt Jiietice (P^. C, 3), » large Doric building erected in IftW. 
A bronze statue, by Fcumier, vm erected here in iSB9 to Honvt 
de BaUae (aee iboTe). The Rub Nstionale CFl. 0, 3, 2), whii* raw 
hence to the right to the Loire, is the widest and handsomest SIMM 
in the town. At its beginning is the Fvhlic (,^0,000 ivli„ 
1200 MSS.). In the third crosa-aireet to the left, (he Rne de I'd*- 
toire, stands the large Jtnpnmme itf.ime (PI. G,3). The third HT 
on the right . the Bne de 1'Arckev^ch^, leads to a square hi vli 
stands the ATdtbiihaf'i Pataee (PI. D, 2), approached by an la 
portal erected in the 17th cent, as a triomphil arch. The pd»» 
uontnlni colIevtlDnB of Inscriptions, paleontology, aichieolngy, h)K 
MS8., and art obJectB. The sqitsre is embellished with ■ mn- 
unient to local worthies, the main feature of which isaflggMtT 
La Touraine by Sicard [18875. 

Tb«*CatheaTal(Pl.D,2), In the adjoining 'Place', dedicaUilli 
SI. tJatlen, who introduced Christianity into Tooraino, rises <ai ll* 
Bite of two earlier chinches in which St. Martin (d. 39T) and Ol*- 
gory of Tours (d, 596) once ofBcialed, Though it was begun in ""''' 
and not Snished till the middle of the tOth cent., the Tarioui . 
of the cathedral are exceedingly harmonious, and the whole fonu 
in fact one of the finest Gothic ediflces in France. The Fafadi, Ai 
last part completed, iaalasishly ornamented exarople of theFM- 
boyant etyle! Henri IV is reported to have s&ld of It that it vw> [ 
Jewel to which only the casket was wanting. It is flanked by t<a 
towers, 228 and 229 ft. in height, the upper stages of which eowW 
of truncated pyramids, surmounted by double domes in tbeSeiKll* 
a»nce style. The tympana and pediments of the triple portal an tt 
open work; and above is a beautiful rose-window. 

IxteaiuB. The work of the cUItawnt oeottia ut Vhs Mn.*T.«l» * 
eii^tr dlltiBgaiahei. SBferal bnja nl tlie no-'" *« I'^jy*™!™*;^^^ 
fiif»dei the e. bajB aniJ tlio Ii 

»i/J« the choir, botli larger . ^ -. 

iSib textuTj. The wiudowe are atiW ftftej ■«'"^, 'i 
'Slaintd Blait. The Ciral chapel to t\l*I^e^^ "' ' 

\ V'bc AiD^i < 

nn^^ TOURS, a,><. , 

it CliiUin- f/ GliarluVtn., ID ^IuIb iiiarLiJu, l>y Jeitn Ti 
nchool, dating from Ihe 16-16lb( cmI., md embelliilisd w 

On tbs qnny', cnl f»r fnidi the cithBdral, 1» > burritlt inuludlna lliu 
rii OtiUe, arniindl>>«erafUie J2-15t)icciit., dalingrpouiKroyBliiularF. 

The Rna de la Scellerie leads back fiom the K.W. corner of thu 
laie de I'ArcbeTecli^ tu tlie Rue Natlonale, paeaing in front at 

Thifttre Sniiialpftl (Fl. 0, D, 2), an Imposing building finiRhscI 
1872 and rebuilt after a flre in 1883. 

We cress rbe Hue Nattonale and proceed In a atraight diiecliun 
ongh the Rue deg Salle;, at tbe end of which stand the Tour 
arltmagnt (PI. 0, 3; right) and the Tour St. MarHn (PI. II, 
3; left). These »re lelica of the famoua basUiea ot St. Martin, ■»> 
Dlledhy Gregory of Touts, and afterwards rebuilt on a etill more Q 
gniflcent scale in the l'2-13th centuries. Pillaged by the Hugue- ' , 
* during the religions wars of the llitli eent., it *as finally de- ^ 
lished in 1802, when tbe street wa« prolonged. Tbe Tour Uliarle- 
Ijne, BO called becau)>e Lultgard, third wife of Charlemagne, was '\ 
ried beneath it, adjoined tbe N. transept of the church; the Touf '' 

Mardn, the crowning stage of which was rebuilt in the 18tli 
It, Btnod to the riRhtof the W, portaL J 

At the corner of the Bne Descartes beginning at the Tout Gharli- 
5ne is the handsome new Boiilica ofSt. Aforlin (unflniahed), — 
> Rue d<:B Foaaea-St-Martin leails from the square beyond tlin 
ir St. Martin to the Place de la Victoire, with the Monument of 
icTol Mtamler (1761-93), s natiTe of Toon, erected In 18H8, — 
the left Ifl Sotre-Dame-lii-Eiehe (PI. li, 2, 3), built originally in 

13th cent., but largely reconstnicted In the 16th cent, and te- 
ed in the 19th. The S. portal and two stained windows by Fi- 
erier should be nbaetied. 

Wb now descend to tbe Loire and foilaw the quay to the right, 
sing a suspension-bridge (PI. U, 2) and enjoying a fine view of 

hills on the opposite batik. Fartboc on U the Pont de Tour' >, 

(!, 2, 1), bnilt in 1766-77. Still higher is another snepenslun ., 
I^s, connecting Tours with thesubnrb of £ymphori«), nn the right 
k. Near the Pont de Touts is the Church of St. Satumin (PI. 
2), dating from the iiith century. "t-i: 

The gardens in the PUice de Vmui-de-Vilie (^Pi. 0,2), at the v 
end of the Rue NaUonale and the S. end of the Pont de Tours, 

embeUisbed with modern statues of Si^claii (to the left), by . *_ 
tnalge, and Deicartes (to the right), by the Comta de Nieu- 
■kerke. The H6tel de Kill*, on the W. side of the anuwe, \i. w\ ■ " ^ 
fTuBcanc buildiag ol tba 18th centuTy, 

Tbe Mneie (PI. C, 2), facing it on llie odiei ftVie ol 'Cat^'-'a*' 
•nsle, cintalnn about 476 paiiit.ingB. mustt^ ot tAftW?, -'^*^ 
Mnaeat and modern Bcalptures, eiiame\s, m»4 «'i^« '*"CC'*, 
WfioorJ, a few anriquities, and a ctillecUoTi ol mwvi'^^^'*^ 



1 1 QSt. FltaiiA Srhai 

J Maaoinai 137. MtiralBn (of Tours), Monk diSiinBl «« — 

II Supper, BBS. L391 Jadgmsnt, sa ImiliLtiaD of Ibe fbIdHde br Ft. 
oril atBiuuell; 1213. Jfuralnn, BeDevoleDt welconui; ?. Em. Mo, P«»- 
u dellverise AndromcdB. Table ip molaic of Iha 17tli UDt.i PhUiit sub 
Soon V. an IhE nthsr Bidn of Ihe Bnlnnce-hall. No. IS. .Inl. Orpaf. 
lia. Cayinl, Pufiu uf 
Deiphobe, lbs ilt}l| 

_ — _8 ShepliBniii 215. Beduead CMJ 

llBlb cent.) of Banilll da Yollerra, Deaceot froni tlie Cruii (ori^ul^ 

1 1. AHtgrain, Apollo 
.urslion of l£e Sbeplu 

AAdct, Adumlion of l£e SbephErdii 21&. Beduead a 

348. &ks«l ^r iternifianiM . JudgmBil of Fsrili l66. AiuiibBd to JH. 
4a 3m eitrgie, Virgin jiduriog the Cbild. — Bouh TI. No. 93. Uth. 
Duke of Bicbellsui 11. Bouclitr. ApoUii und L&toni: 103. Liniiw, St. B^ 
butisn; 2SI. Brhwl n/ Kmfrwil, PDrtnill; M. Loi. Carraicl, 61. TmM 
of ASBisl: i^. Ma<ileff:ta, B.^^nireiHiODi Si. LareitHire, Ponnix; iXB. Ouw 
duo, DealhofOlsopBtn; Bai'-her, IS. Amyntu reulled lo lifa ia Uu uM 
of SUvli [from Ta«o)| 13. SilviB neeing from tbE wolf HUcb <ba iM 
'Td (from T«Mo)i SaS. Riiftwi, Man crowned by -"—— -" "— 



a, Cbriit 



mBDe> eiO 



B) laT. ffw 

bl> wife 



CepliBl« and Piocn 
olo BBlnliDE); 163. 


»J tf Oarm 

D, SI. Sel^wrtlu 


MB. y. R.>.awl><.Miillt 






of the lUl 



u£l»<ni. lUrlTFdDmBl 



HI. ««(«(. D 

aVof 8 

t«i. TtaB 

b«rd| UB 

Df ai: BcDedlct. Al Iki 

tr and, 218. «■«.( 

, aupe ef HBlen. 


om >1<(I wnt^u MM 

BIiedmeDi of 

ilturB oC 

ht IG-17th CCBI. 

wd («veria Blu*-<aM 


Ji enBmeli, 
.. (BJOI, «t 



fiisnee. h 

" Tbof 



Un iBsvuig (he Huh«u. ve loUow the Itae Katioiiale to tb* 4H 
ahbey-cbiitcb of Si. Jutirn ^Pl,^!,'i■^, '"Widn 4iWi?.h(jm.eiii4'»S(inwM(W; \ 
f/ie fionwnesque W, towat beWngfti W> aivew\\M5VMi>>V?«i>fc.*W 
lOtb cent.). The choir his douU* siaVoft, \&a ^■•'> «^'«^ ""^^SS 
/n shallow apses of the i6tV i-.^M., ^^i^*'^*!™-, 
-/-/es a„d into .!,« ceutr.l v"Vot v\.* »^.om,*^-^»^*^* 

^Ktwiioni. TOURS. :tti. Iloutt. 2S'3 

vail, plerceil with wiadoWE. The stained- glass windows anil murul 
laintuigB are modern. 

Iq the Rue St. Frinfois-da-Paula is Ibe Pallia du Commtrce 
Trib, du C. 1 PI. 0, 2), the former -Hotal du Honaulaf {17th cent.), 
•ttribBted to J. H. Uaiuart. Opposite ia ilie ronner i^hmi^ti of St. 
FVoneff (1676-77). — lu the Eua Bri^onnel (No. 18) h the Houic 
tf Tritlan I'Hennlte, the notorious provost-inarahal of ClmrieB VII. 
ind Louis XI. It is alio linawii m the Maiaan dea Pendui ('of Che 
laoged'], from the iiumerous executioiii whliih took place here, of 
■thich the BtoDt aails on the facade are inemorialE. 

The remain) or the chateau of Pb<iiitH^T<ii>ri, buUl ud ooaupled by 
.ouia XI., who died here In 14^, lie about '/• U. to (be S.W. or the town 
see p. 27W. The rains are, however, >ery scut;, uad loiuiata will llnd 
ilUe to remiod tliem oF the graphic deKrCplloD of BIr Walter Scotl In 
QnmUn Zluruard'. — The ruini of tbe famou Abbt) ef MamoutUt ar« un 
he inght ^lulk, about IV, H. to the >'.W. of the s'uae bridge. 


W-eOmla. (fareiBfr. liO, ttr.UI, Ifr.Slc.). Omnlbui ft 
■Utian 10 the ehlieau 10 c. (»Jc. retamlfurillnay rBlum- 
Tbe ramaus CMItau a/ Ghcmnuxaia is opea oolr as Than 

n H., in 

X.e7^^' '?Sfp.)"e'e''p"s 

The line diverges from the Orli^ans railway and ascends the valley 
of the atr. 3'/2 M- SI. Ftme-dei-Corpi (p. 260); 7 M. Ventw, 
II/4M. from which lies Larfay, with a Bomaij Caateilum, four totrecs 
on the S, side of which are Etill sUndlng; liM. St.. VaTttn-tt-Bemi.- 
— ib'/iiS. Btirl-LacToii:. BWrrf Is a town with 3371) inhab., ahoot 
i/'j U. lo the S., with a pretty chspei of the 16tb centary. 

20 H. Ohenonoeattz t,H6ttl du Don-Lahourmr, d«]. 2'/i-3 IV.), 
about 1 M. from (he station, is noted for its famous 'ChSl<aa, which 
dates from the period of transitioD from the Oothic style to that of 
the Italian Retiaiaeance. It occupies a curioiiB situation, in great part 
supported by pilea iti the channel of the Cher. The chateau was 
fbnnded in 1615 by Thomas Itohier, receirer-general of taxes, but 
bis son retinquishod it to the crown in 1.^35. Francis I. frequently 
resided here, and Ueuri II presented it tu Diana of Poiiiets. Oathe' 
Tine de Mfdlcis, however, compelled tbe faioarite to resign Che- 
nonceiux in exchange for Chaumont (p. 26&}, and spent coDSider- 
able sums in enlarging and embellisbing bet new possefsion, which 
she bequeathed to [.ouiae de Lorraine-Vauderaont, widow of Henri lU. 
The poet Tasso Tiaited Catherine here, and in 1599 Francis II. and 
Mary, Queen of Scots, spent theit hotieymoon at Cbenonceaui, The 
chateau hag long been private properly. — The chiitean is teacbud 
troro tbe hotel at wblnb the omnibus halts by iTi af6nttft")ftA€a.\».tAs 
othaltn Ttooi the oihsT end of the village mv4 ctoearaVXifeiMiNivi- 

>??^*o7^ie' e'bnl™u baa'b"* *'*"°«.*'"'" ^^^*'*'^4^"iv iS" 

led it, have been 'teniovca V" V'^' ijaTV.."*-' 

(U ebfef fwhiTei bid now the balcDt _ . . _. _..... 

•iPIKin lu (h« Ipfl. Oa the groundXIoor hff Ibc Itbimg Ball, fDIOETl) 
IbB ulR-ioam, Ibe Tortner 'UAnrjHa'. wlUi ■ luniiikithlii ohlninH-Tlin 
fnppoifed liy Cury.lldEH Btliihiilnd to Jkmi G'liijoa, anA tbe Chan', *Uo) 
conUinl lomo nid Blainn) e'nU' De'"" kn Ihe JCjlckn mill C/3fni, Mttb- 
Uahed is tiro nml^^t p<1ei of «n nncient bridgs, whiob orlgliwlll tuf- 
portcd & inlll, A lees itaaint Brfilge ievU to the liitt bank of IhB Clin, on 
nbicb IB a ainEnlu ediHce, two ilortu in hdelit, tnilt bf Dint or PolUut. 
— On tlj« 9nt Daur irs Hib toTgrn^' modem OolfHa Z«iii 311:, buillv 
n picliire-saJlery, ft'nnfij /.'• Ram, with a R*niu.-™ttncc ohimncj-|if''t", •"'' 
llie JWtdicf Rnm, wltb n rcmnrknlilc ceiling. 

b. To Cbinao. Riilwai CSiblei-d'Olonna lioe], 31 H., In Wt-Vft lif' 
(fniel 6 rr. li), 1 ft. 60, B rr. 10 cl. 

Onf Itna psEsis over (be Niintes railway and crOESes lh« Cber, 
M(S>/iM.)Jinii-tit-TovTt we leave the raUway lo Laches (p. 286), , 
un the left. — OH. Batlan. The iieighbounDg OtHteaa de la Qnit 
was the birthpUc.8 of Pope Msitin IV. (Simon da Brion-, A. I'IMt 
Thechspel of Ch« chateau bas good stained glass of the 16tb centuti'. 
— lO'/a M, Druycf 13l/j M, Vallirei. 

16 M. Aia;-Ie-Sidean fGrtind Afonarjue; is a town with '2280 iii- 
Imb. and a vary jntarasting Renaissance *, with a good usll^i'' 
linn of fornitdTe [adm. dally aft«r 1 p.m.). Its luilwsy now atiitf 
ihe Tndrt. SO'/a M, nivarennrs, beyond which the forest of CHnnn 
hpgins-, 3T/g Mf Hui»m(». A tunnel, 1000 yds, in length, iBpiMi'l 

31 M. Ohinon (mttt de Franri, Place de VHfilel-de-VlUK 
lloale d'Or, on tbe ijuay ; dt I' Union, Plaice Jeonne-d'Atc), a io«u 
with 61BT Inhab., Is prettily gHnMed on the right bank oflb 
Vienni, 9 M. aboye its janetion with the Loire. With tba eiBBptilrt 
of the fine quay, the streets of this hlst^tio town aie for tbe lli«>t 
part Dartow and uooked ; and many qnalnt honaes of tbe IG-lBth 
vent, are still standing. Cbinon i^anies on a consideiable comnierca 
Hlid ti annually tbe scene of important fairs for cattle, grain, lud 
other sgrlouKural produne. 

Thaaomana baill a fort (Bee p.WS) on tbe liM afOhlBOB, nblabllx; 
luuned CofiH, Sabaeiiientlr it »u occnpted by the Yliitolha and )ie]>>n|>) 
■nceeulTelj lo ibe klngdania of Psria and of Auitraala, to tba euanll "' 
Touiafnc, and to Hanry 11. of England, who frequsntlj dwelt atOUl°< 
Auit died Iheis in IIBS. WHen FMlI]: Aneiiitui uidlad Touralne to PiuiW, 
Obinon did not yield (o him till aflei a yeara alsgs [130t-G). Belween llix 
dale and the heeinnine ot (he latb eant, Obinon frnqaently cbanged butt. 
Chariu TU. wu at Cbinon wbeo Jou of Are Ant aougbl bim in 1(38, I" 
urgB him to mareH la tbe relief of Orl^ui. 

The Rue Solferino, leading to the town, tia>ura!y» a »quaro wi'li 
a modern equestrian Slatut of Joan of Are, by J. RouUeau. F«lthal 
on we follow tbe quay, skirting the VIenne, which here atlilM 
(considerable breadtli. To the left, on this side of the bridge con- 
necting the town with il£ suburb, is a bronze statue, by Em. ll^elt, 
of Bahtlai! (d. 155H), who was born at or near Cbinon about It'Jti. 
Opposite is (heflBCB de VH6te\-46-NmB,-«\ie'fttfc-«ft proceed »^' 
right (trough (he Hue Si. F.ttenna *n vto ^iis taj.'Sni-ft 

oceedUMf I 

ttmroHTf. CHINON. -M. Roule. 285 

\), the rhief approtu^b to the cMtesit. lu Ibe latter street are 
irat Caoema in the rock, still used as dwellings. 
The CHATEAtF of Chlnon consists in leolity of three dlstlnut 
les : the Choteia de St. Georges, ths Chiteua da Milien, and the 
lean du Condray, The plateau an vhieh the ruins stand is now 
omenade, open to the puhlic in summer on Sim. and bolidajs, 
a 12 till dusk. Visitors at other times ring Che hell. The ChSUau 
U. Georgta, of which only the foundations of the onter wall le- 
n, was built by Henry II. of England (see p. 38J). The ChiUiai 
Milieu was built in the 11th and Euhs«quent ceoc. on the alte of 
Roman fort. It has frequently been restored. The principal fea- 
ii aie the Pavilion de TBerloge, at the entrance i the QrandLogis, 
be hall of which (insciriptioti) Joan of Arr was presented to Char- 
VII.; and the donjon, the part in best pieserration. The Cliateau 
Coudray, connected with the preceding by a bridge spanning a 
P moat, includes a fine tower and chapel of the 13th oenL (tu 

left), and two round towers. Tbe castle couimands a beautifnl 
w of Chinon and the valley of the Vienne. 

Near the base of the ascent to the chateau is the church of 
Stephen, ■ building of the 16tb cent., with a tasteful W. portal, a 
le naiB, a modern Itone pulpit, some good modem stained glass 

Lobin), and a noticeable altar-plene. The cope of St, Hesine 
es from the 10th or lllb >>entury. The present chaich of St. 
phen was finished by Pliilippe de Comines, who was governor of 
inon under Louis XI, In the prolongation of the Rue tit. Etienne 

two Romaneeque and Oolbic lowers and otbet remains of the 
iicli of St. Meame. Adjacent is a tasteful modern Gothic Oiapel, 

The Rue St. Maurice, running from the Place de rUotel-de-VlUe 
:he other aide of the town, contains several curious old houses. It 
i>e9 its name from the Churdi of 8l. Afiiuricf, an ediBce of (be 
h, 16tb, and 16th cent., with a partly Romanesque («wer and 
!e and fine vaulting. It contains a Urge fresco, by Grandin, and 
etal paintings, incluiling a Madonna attributed to i^aaaoferratn 

the last pillar to the right). 

The view of the chateau trom the quay should not be miised. 
Branch-rat 1 way lo Forl-JIOHt,! (Sanmut), an p. 336. Other rnilwayi, 

>, 29 H., in 11/.- 

We diverge from the Cbinou line at (S'/s M.) Jaue-lii-TouT.' 
184), pass under tbe Kordeaux line, and ascend a wooded plateau, 
lO'/g M. Manthaton, a village on tlie fndre, commuv&ai. >a^ 'iXiL'e 
■B sgotre Seep of a castle dating (tom the \ift\ aairtwi^. 'Sw 
maamlt it » aedam atania of the Madonna. 

He Una now begins lu ascend tbe vaUev ot l\\o liiite, imokhW*, 
M^V»a.l (13'/.j M.) AVi-rr,. KM/, M. LWtn^i-.| ¥»*«''*■«'** 




286 Koi<(e.?5. I.OCHES. 

beantifnl tower and other remains of a, Ilflnedii^tine altber, finiBM 

in Ibe 8lh ceotnr)'. 

W M. Loohei {HStel de Prante, near the Porle Picoy»)i • *>*< 

-witb M82 inhsb., pictnreaqnely Bituated on tbe billi oatteleft 

bank of the Indie, is ebiefly DOtewoTthf Tor ita famous casll*. 

iDfaabilcd h; Ihe BomEna, uid Ibe tite oF k monutciy in 0» fiIk«*L, 
■ "" ■ - -Mtmii 

Lochu Willi iu c 

;enel, fuller of Henry II., wu ■ 
a llii< iradle o ' ' 

in 1193, but BicliBTa regained it nen jeir, no bil relnro fniiB Ibt Bui 

im'bulouBB^D belli h; tbe Gngligli fur sboul 6U ;ea» in the folliii 
JDg ceotory, Afior i'lV) the cuUe wu <i«ed >a s glste-priioii , ud R 
periiapl beat known in conneciioD wilb lbs nntcrupnloDi *nd emel bm I 
■Meli Louli XI. (d. am put iU noigone gnblecrsneao duneMn* (CteMi 
Jmst y. of ewllanA wu married lo Hndelcine of France In tlisciM 
dF Locbel in lfi36, gnd lliTee yenrg tiler Frmcig I. entertained Qwriu* 
bere with grtnt na^lllcence. - Aifrtd •!• V'l/nv (1T99-1H6S), the pwl, «• 
imm her.'. 

In Ibe Place de la Tour, a tew hmnilred yards from the itatiNv 
is the muslTB Tour St. Antoine, a relic of a liith cent, church. PiM 
the Kne de U OreoouilUte, wbieh Uads henee in a straiglii ditto- 
tion, we diverge to the left through tba Parte Fieoys (16th Mnt), 
adjoining the 'Haiti de VilU, a tasteful Renalsaance btiilding ot lk< 
middle of the 16th centnry. The Rub du Chateau, e. little faflbei 
on, to the right, eontsins same picturesque Hoveo of th> Itenii*- 
esnce period (Not. 10, 12, 14, and 23). 

The castle of Loflhes was surrounded by a wall and moit, 
ll/t M. in length, most of which still remains, enclosiag, at it vue, 
a miciature town. Tbe first turning to the left leads to tlia otJ 
collegiate Cnxmati of St. Oias, a unique building dating ftoia the 
10-i2tb centuries. The W. arm COtlBlatS mainly of a porch, W 
monnted bf a towei, and two square bays, covered by two haft 
pyramidal structures in atono; tbe tower above the crosiing %u 
also a pyramidal toof. Tbe carving around the W, door it ttri 
beautiful. In the porch in front of this doorway is a holy-mln 
basin, formed of an ancient altar, shaped like tbe stump of a oelBBB 
Slid embelliihed t/iSt sculpture. Inside tbe ns^e are heavy pointfj 
arcbes in tbe Southern style, resembling those at Souilluc and d*tjii| 
from 987-lQlO. An interesting feature is that the Noriuan lonnd- 
nroh style (12lh (lent.) has been built ovec and upon these eatUtr 
arches (Ferguason). The flrst choir-stalls (16th cent.) and the dboi- 
iuDi (17th cent.) should be noticed. 

Adjaining the ehutGh rises the (nrmer Ciutsau Roi-ai. | now nwd 
as tbe Sous-PriiifectnTe), in which haveldirelt Charles VII. (d. lUlli 
I^isXI.{d.lie3), CbatlB9Vin.{d.l498), and Louit XIL(d. IMBV 
Jt ditef from the 16-l<itli oeul., m\4 fi»l».i;«.4fcS* VmVj4*'l'»*' 
roociergei This buildine nO'W a\iw oorVj^vh* ■Oa* Iwrt. jji *»■ 
Sergi (d. i460), mistress ot CtoaA** V\\., rat^ Mfw^* '**' 
ortbe iftfl, centiiry. 

frm Towi. ST. AWNAN. 3^. Houte, 287 

AgBes Sorel, known m ^La Belle At^ Bellcfl*, woi born atFromenteAii. 
tboat 90 M. fr(Hn Locbei. An a maid-of- honour to the Conntest of Anjoii 
Aeattraeied the attention of Charles VII. of France | and it wai very 
iHftlj her patriotic inflnenco that innpired that monareh to carry on hU 
ftraggle against the Engliflh. She left a large sum of money to the monkn 
of Lochea, and was buried in the ehurch of St. Oars. The monks, allegint; 
leninles aa to her past life, requested permission from Louis XL, himself 
koinle to Agnes, to remove her remains. The king agreed on condition 
Alt they also surrendered her endowments ^ but the condition was not 
ueepted by the monks. The tomb was removed, liowcver, under I^mioXVI. 
Opened in 1798, it is now empty. 

One of the oldest parts of the Chateau Royal contains the beau- 
tiful Oratory of Anne of Brittany, wife of Charles VIII. and of 

Louis xn. 

The*DoNJOic, or Kbbp, at the other end of the enclosure, to reach 
which we turn to the right at the church, is still the most interesting 
part of the castle. The attendant who accompanies the visitor ex- 
plains the various points of interest. To the left of the entrance rises 
the donjon proper, a rectangular tower of the 12th cent., 80 ft. long, 
45ft. broad, and 180 ft. high, of which nothing now remains but 
the four walls. Adjacent, to the left, is a similar tower, but smaller 
and in worse preservation. To the right of the donjon is the Mar- 
fe'ef, which contains the dungeon in which Ludovico Sforza, *il Moro', 
Ihke of Milan, was confined for nine years (d. 1610). The walls 
bear various curious inscriptions by him and other prisoners. Far- 
ther to the right is the Tour Ronde or Tour Neuve, built by J^ouisXI. 
This tower contained the famous iron cages in which Cardinal de 
ia Ralue (p. 229), their inventor, Philippe de Cominos, the historian, 
and others, were confined. 

Ou quitting the castle-enclosure, wo turn to the right, to obtain 

> view of it from the outside. We may then return to the Place do 

l&Tour, by the lower street, which passes in sight of the Porte des 

^dellera, a town-gate dating from the ir)th century. 

On the other bank of the Indre, farther up, lies BeaulUu, with an in- 
tereitine abbey-ehurch in the Romanesque style, partly in ruins and partly 
'^ored in the 10th century. 

Fmom Toubs to Vikuzon (I^ouri^es), 70 M., railway in 23/4 Bi/s hrs. 
(fares 13 fr. 66, 8 fr. ftR, f) fr. 66 c). — From Tours to (20 K.) Cfitnoneeaux. see 
p. 288. — 24 If . iioniriehard, a small town, has a Dorijon^ dating perhaps from 
the beginning of the 11th cent., and surrounded Ity walls of the 13th and IHtli 
«enturiet. To the W. of the town is the flue Church of Nanteuil^ built in 
the 13th cent., with a Lady Chapel of two stories added in the ITith cent., 
^hleh is resorted to by pilgrims. Good view of the church as we quit the 
itation. — Beyond two tunnels we reach Ci'Vs ^0 BourS^ the extensive. 
<laarriei of which supplied the building material fur the castles of Chani- 
I'ord, Chenonceaux, etc., and fur many buildings in the principal towns in 
the Btighbonrhood. At (81 M.) Thiiie arc. Home Hainan linnainSy Ruiipusctl 
U) be those of a *mansio* or military sture-houNc on a Roman roan. 

86 M. St-Aignan-Noyert. St. Algnan (I/dUl de la Oerbe d'Or)^ a town 
with 8800 inhab., lies IV* 31. to the 8. of the station. The older part oF 
iti Okditau (IS-loth cent.) has long been in ruins. The chateau cuntaius 
variona wovlcf of art, including an ancient marble tareovW^.w^^ -wVi\\ Vvk^ 
reliefs and an InseripHoo in (ircek. The Church da^feft W^mx V\v^'. ^^^^*^^- '^^^ 
the Bomtuaegqae period. 


39. Fiom Paris to Troyes and Belfort 291 

L From Paris to Troyes 291 

Ferri^res. From Oretz-Armainvillers (Paris) to Vitry- 
le-Fransolf , 392. — FromLongueville to Provins, 298. — 
From Romilly to Suzanne, 295. — From Troyes to Cha- 
lont-sor-Mame; to Pagny-sur-Meuse; to St.Florentin,300. 

n. From Troyes to Belfort 300 

FrojBi Cliaamoiit to Chatillon-sur-Seine, 301. — From 
Langres to PoiBSon-Beneuvre; to Andilly, 303. — From 
Ghalindrey to Gray, 308. — From Vitrey to Bourbonne- 
l68-Bains, 804. —From Belfort to Porrentruy (Basle), 307. 

40. From Paris to Epinal (Vosges) 307 

a. Yi^ Blesme, Bologne, Neufchateau, and Mireconrt 307 

From St. Dizier to Troyes ; to Doulevant, 307. — From 
Ancerrille-Gu^ to Naix-Menaucourt, 308. 

b. Vi& Bar-le-Duc, Neufchateau, and Mirecourt . . . 308 

c. Vitl Pagny-sur-Meuse, Neufchateau, and Mirecourt 309 

d. Vii Toul and Mirecourt 310 

e. Via Nancy and Blainville-la-Grande 310 

From Charmes to Bambcrvillers, 310. 

f. Via Ghaumont, Neufchateau, and Mirecourt . . . 310 

g. Via Jussey and Daniieulles 312 

41. From Nancy to Dijon 314 

a; Vili Toul, Neufchateau, and Ghalindrey 314 

b. Via Mirecourt and Ghalindrey 315 

c. Via Epinal, Vesoul, and Gray 317 

From Aillevillers to Faymont, 317. — From Gray to 
Biieey-le8-(}y and to Besancun, 318. 

42. From Epinal to Belfort. Plombieres 318 

From Plombieres to Bemiremont, 320. 

43. From Belfort to Strassburg 322 

From Mulhausen (Paris-Belfort) to Bale, 322. — From 
BoUweiler to Gebweiler, 323. 

44. From Nancy to Strassburg 324 

St. Nicolas-de-Port, 324. — From Mont-sur-Meurthe to 
(}erb€viller, 324. — From Igney-Avricourt to Cirey. 
From Deutscb-Avricourt to Dieuze, 325. — Excursions 
from Zabem. From Zabern to Hagenau; to Scblettstadt, 
926. — From Barr to the Odilienberg and to Hohwald, 826. 

46. From Lun^ville to St. Ditf and Epinal 327 

From Baon-rEtape to Schirmeck. The Donon. From 
Etival to Senones, 828. — Montague d'Ormont. Cdte 
St. ]£artin, 829. 

46. Excursions into the Vosges from St. Die 329 

a. To Strassburg vi& Saales 329 

CUmont. FromUrmattto Nieder-Haslach and the Valley 
pt the Nideck. Schloss Girbaden, 830. 

b. To Schlettstedt via Markirch ^"^V 

^ohen-KonigBbvLTg. Einzheim, ete.^ ^V. 

^dMDMMMM*3 Northern Frajice. 3rd Edit, V^ 

c. To Colmsr via Ftsize, lliu Col du Uonliomme, and 
Schnlerlaeh S 

Pram PUInfulDg to Lb VkU<d and Ibe BaUoBbt, 381. 

— Walne 8oe. BreMOii, SS2. — Otbey, 3^3. 

ExcuiBionE into the Vosgea from Epinsl ! 

a. To the ScUutht via GtfrardmBr ! 

ValliB ds OranEM, 3S1. — Walks a " " 

'^^^ f™„ aiTZTm^ioilB^Zrm. 

lo Uia We 

>e aee fL.c Bland; lo La Brej», 338. 

lithe Schlucht Bud Muneter . . , , 

erlo Mctieral. Kahla Wuen, 3^9— F,a« 

,■. To Miilhaus 

en ^la Buseang »nd WesBerline .... 

.d. To Mulbansen vil Gomlmoat and WesseiUng . . 
I. Via CDmimDiit, La Bresse, and WeMeiliiig . 
II. Via Conilnioiit, Veiitron, and Weseerlliig , 944 
I!. To Belfort vin the WSUnhs llekhai] 31i 

Ballon de Servajice. 34A. 


From MonlbiUarf to Delle; lo 8l. eijipuljle, B«. 
. Via Veaoul and Besanfon M7 

49. BesaTisoii 948 

50. From Beeaacon to Meucbatel K4 

From L'USpitil-dn-aiai'Boia (o I.udi, SH. ~ From 
Qilley to Ponlariior, 854, - From Morteau to Bl, Bip- 
pol^le, SU. — C'ul du Bovbet. Un- du Brencta. Saul 
du Doub., 35B. 

51. From Beaancon (Belfort) to Boiirg (LyonO 356 

Prom HoDcliard lo Satioa, 350. 

bl. From I'ariE to Dijori 3M 

By the direct line 369 

From ViUaneuvo-St-UcorfM lo Hunlereau via CotbrtI, 

3&9. - From Sent to TrojM (Ubilon.), BM. - From 

.... ... . ...■. " -D Nuiij-aooj- 

b. Via Troyea and Ch a til Ion-Bar- Seine 367 

B3. Dijon 368 

eJi'mc,"!™. """ '""'' """ "" """" 

/ G4. Frora Diion toNenchUii\an4W>l.M>i*nna 377 

' F(OBiAuxonn«H>Ct»\uB- -"-'^-^ ™ -" ■^- 

/to Chagnji loPollB"!.^™' — ' 
pagnole, 37S. 
56. LeAforran. Kutiiv • 


I, FromL»rocli6(SBD9}toAuierro(AutanJanclNBiBrB i 

I, From Auiene to Autnn -viii Avsllon 1 

From Avallon Id Dijon vii Seroori to VHeUj, !Kl. 
— Fram Av^loD la Chutellui snd LDtmna, uaA lo 
ftuarr^-lei-TumbM, 386. - From Sauliou Iv Monl- 
Buucbe, 338. 
, From Clamocy (AuiertB) la Paray-le-MonisI 

fMonJina] ! 

"Tom dorbicoT lo Lormea, S86. — Prom Timnki-Clii- 
ion to GhaiHU-Ohlnan ami lo •.^batilluD-BD-Uszoi^, 
.7. — From VnndeneBie lo Bl. HunortMitf-BjiiiB, 387. 

Dijon to Nevars ; 

rl, Via Cbagny, Montchanin, and La Cceuaat .... I 
^ Abbays dsCIIeim, 9^.— Prom Beaune lo AtaMjA-:- 
Due, 389. — From Uontolianln lo Boannc, and lo SI, 
Oeneuui, 3^9, 

. Via Chagny aDd Autun i 

From Autun to Chaleau-Chinon and lo tbeBauvraJ, AM, 

K. From Paris to NsTers ; 

a. ViJI Fontainebleaii and Montatgis (liaUway to Lyone 

Tii the Boutbonnais) ; 

Fmm Souppes li> Cbaieau-Landon, 396. — Fruui Hun- 
^ largialo Sena; to namecy (lIorvaii}.39B, — Fcom Olan 

W_ to Auiene; lo Awent, 398. — From Oasnu to Bimrgea; 

■ 10 Clam«7, S97. 

Wi . Vii Corbeil and Montatgis i 

B|- From Hilelherbei lo Orl^ana. From Beanne-la-OoUude 
^V tu Bourgu, Sa9. 

He. Via OiUans and Ronigee 

^K Tbe BulOBDe, lUO. — From Boorgu lo Dnn-SUT.AurOD. 

^F 401. — From La GuarL'be lo St. AmiiDiI and lo TillB- 
H fraaohe-d'AlKer, UH. 

38. From Paris to Troyea and Belfort. 

I. From PbHi to Trayea. 
Dt. KiiLWAi (Dan da TBiti tloket-nfflee lo the left, at lbs end .<] 
Ion] tee PI. C, 34, p. 1) In HVrB'/. iM. (fa™ 18 ?r. 70, 13 fr. K), 

Froiii'Parii to (fit/s M.) Noiiy-U-Sec, sfle p. 136. — 8 M. Rosny- 
the right WB Bee tlie furtcBES of that name; to tha left 
;lie plateau of Avrao (p. 136). — lO'/.j M, NoffcU-iur-Mamt, a 
a with 9400 inhab., extending on the right as far as the Boin 
VincenneB, wbece it baB atiothec station on the Vinoennes railway 
e Baedtker'i Handbook to Pi'tU). The line passes nnmeroua 
intTT-houiies, and croS9B,'« the Mame by a carved vladact with 
arcbei, 910 yds. long iiid 00 ft. high. Vitflie^ o'Q'Wft ^ict?,*^ 
lefi/i-om tAe Paris SubnrbMi Railway (Cli6miii4B'?M i6G^»,-n.i«>- 
'■'••rej, wblcb rniis to the 8. past CiamplgrvK-iaetiitiTitAft ^o'» ■*>* 
of 30tb Nov. and 2nd Dec, 1870 — \3 TA. ViU:iw»-««V 
" rVUge occupied by the GeimanB dttiing '■"i^* tiViXw «« 

Champisny- Wb iieit travetau the plalafln of L.i Brie. To the iBtl 
rises lifl fortresB oC Villiers-sut-Msme. — 20 M. OiouiT-ia-Fcrrftti, 
About 31/1 M. to ae N. ii lie villigfl of E«rrterBMii-Br», wUh 1 tn' 
ChurcA DftbBl3iliCEflI. uid BlisndiDme modBro (Aittaaii, in ilieili|lee(the 
Italian BeDaiBMnce, belonging to Bacon Alpbonse de BuUWDhni. It wii 

Tbe line now passes through a forest. To the right as we emer; > 
is the CbSlcau Pertirt, 1 handeome modera building in the stylt 
of thB 17th centnry. — MM. erelt-ATmammllm (Bnttet). 


fr, 10 0.). 




I th> 

line [imnn 

ihed) to Pari. 

era Lbs vaUej 


ar u B<tai 

D« (ie« bBloiT). 


IT'/i M. ^'itornay la alao a atation un tbe line frou Hdiiy (ChiivU' 
Thiarr jllo Eomllly (p. iK), and ii lo hB connoctad wilt Ihal from Protiu 
(lee p. MS), BBTond IsS'/i M.) Jtttc-aiEpoiag the train laauea from llM 
valley of the UoHn by a tunnel 600 ;da. long. 

6Th M. Biianna r^ilJel da Frana), a luwn wltb iSOO Inhab., pceWII 
alUaled on a idaleau, with beaatlfi.1 walki in the vlclnlt;. In tbe ten 
Ii Ibe floe Church </ St. Dinii (IBlb cent.). Kallwa; to Bomlllr, aee p. DB. 

The train now Itavenei the dreary and barren eipange of th« Omb- 
paiini Ftmillnaa (p. SiO). AI (71 H.) La Ffrt-Chaajimciu Ibe left wiu uf 
the French arm; waa defeated by the AUiea od SStti March, 181t. Line la 
RperDay, bbi p. 130. — Bl'/t U. SEwmwinu, alio a lUUoa on the ll» 
from Trovee to C^hllona (p. 30O). Beyond (100 M.) ffutren tbe line to Vala- 
liexy Cpp. 112, SOT) dlverEBB lo Ihe rlebt and that to rbalona em] Patij to 
the left CB. IQ. — 103 «. VUrji-U-Frattstit, aee p. lU. 

33 M. Pemeuii-rSJanp is the jnnction of a line (rom Parts rii 
Vjncetiaea, ind of a hranth to (9 M.] Maries (see ahoie]. — it U. 
A^in^ja, a Bmall town with a mined caetle and an interesting ehnnb 
of (he 14th centnrfi 50 M. Maiion-Kousc, Tbe train now puiN 
through a tunnel, beyond which we have \ liew, to tbe left, tt 
the handsome and well -preserved church of 51. Loup-dc-HauA, 
partly in the RomaaeSLiae and partly in tbe Gothic style, wilb ( 
richly adorned portal. We then crass the Coufcichy a curved liaduet, 
46Byds. long and 6& ft. higt. 

65 i/s M. longuevUU ( Buffet ) "w Wa \*mnMH. \ot ftm wjXiwew* 
trains from Paris, and tliB &t6l.\ia.\lot On%6^^"iv-\,i*\a*.^«n!S^ 
aft'on ottba inilway to Ito^M 


^mi»os«t fOOVISS. it9. Route. 29J 

FsoH LoNOfEvuxH TO PaovTNB, 4 M., tsiiwiy in '/* ^- Tl"' 
biaDch~1ine ram through Iba valley of the VoultU, and li to bs 
pcolouged towatda Ettetnay (see p. 29%). On nesting Proviu, wa 
have 1 fine view ot the loim to the left. 

PrDTini (Soule if Or, Rue de la Cordonnerie Vi; Fonlaine, Rue 
Tictoi-Ainoal 10), & quaint oid town with 8S&& Inliab., Is sitnsied 
paitly on the bankof Uie Voulzie and partly on a steep hill above it, 
CQDtiLinlDe, il ia Mid, uiDrB thKQ 60,000 iohtb. , of whom 80,000 were 

xlrud; fcUBnn, and iM dnwnfail hu cDmijlalfld in 1680, whan' Henri IV 
liBSitged it daring the rflligioua wsrB, — II is now noted for in rosss. 

On quitting the station, wd enter the lover and less anuient part 
of the town, otosa the Voulzie, and follow several oonaei-uavo alreel? 
to St. Aynal, a Gothic church with Romaneaque features, dating 
fcom the l^-lBth centariea. The One ceredos of the tiigh-altar, 
executed by Mcolas [tlasset, is erahellialied with a painting by 
Stella, representing Jesus among the Doctors. The Lad; Chapel, 
to the light, contains sculptures by Ulasset, and the Baptistery, tn 
the left of the entrance, contains two 16th cent, statues of St. Cecilia. 
— To the right of St. Ayonl is the Bous-Prefeelurc, established in 
an old Leneilietine convent, and to Iha left of the square adjoining 
the church rises the ftne Towtr o{ Notrt-Datne-da-Val, a retic of 
another 16th cent, church. 

Kecrossiog the Place St. Ayoul and proceeding in a stratglit 
direction thrDUgh the Rue de la Cordonnerie and the Rue du Vnl, 
we reach Ste. Croic, a church of the 13th, 15th, and 16th cent., con- 
taining several interesting works ot art. Among these may be men- 
tioned the stained-glass windows of thel6th cent, [in grisaille], the 
fonts with mutilated atto-rellsfs of the same period, and the lectern, 
The Descent from the Cross at the higb-altar is a copy ot a paintinc 
by Jouvenel. — In the vicinity is the Villa Gamier (p. 294). 

The Rue St. Thibaut, a prolonBation of the Rue du Val, leads 
10 the upper town. At the lower end ot the street, to the left, stands 
the HdUt-Dieu, dating in part from the 13th century. In a side 
'Street (o the left, shortly before we reach the HAtel-Dieu, is the 
H6ltl de Vav'Misanl, a dwell lng-hon3e ot tbe iSth century. The 
Ktreet to the left beyond the Htitel-DIeu ascends to St. Qulrlace, 
passing in front of the Colliye, which occupies (he site ot the palace 
of the Counts ot Champagne. Some remains of the palace, dating 
from the 12th cent., still exist. 

The Churrh of Si. Qairiaee, conspicuously situated in the centru 
of the town and sarmonnted by an ugly moftom iomft, iii.\*a \^ii"i\ 
HeO and possesses a flue choir witli gftUwlftft in 'iii6Tx'iLnaV'=>'i*^^ 
uj-le. Its treasury oonlains the ponliflCB\ ciin»,ni*ate ot^l.'S.ii'TO'oa*- 
f Canterbury. A little beyond St. QuUiace, » -wVvcV \V *BV^ft* ^ 
■ll-mwer, (Jie'fiRas.RToua, aii ancient V^^V ^■^ tV«\'l.vV->>'>-'^- 


294 Rouli39. NOGENT-SLK-SEINE. From Forti 

tDTroDuded by a, eUang rampart of masonry built by tbe Engliah in 
tbe 15th cent, (keeper within the encioaure). The iowei story U 
eqaue, with lonnd toiretE at the angies, the tipper story ie octagontL 
There were formerly four slories, and the piesent parapet Bud root 
d»to fioiD the 17lh cent. only. In the interior are two vsnlted cbMii- 
bers, the upper one containing several imall nella said to have bci-n 
used for prisoners. A flue view of the surrounding country is oli- 
tained from the passage round the base of the octagon. 

Farther on, to Iberight, is the Ptace dv Chilel, with «l anelenl 
Croit and Well. The street facing ua leads thenue to the Porta it 
Jouy (see below). To the left, a few yards from the Place, it tfc» 
Rue St. Jean, with the 13tb cent. Grange dta Dimes, or tithe-bun, 
of the canons of St. Qniriace (apply at the houEe opposite). 1t> 
sank Sooi communicates with a series of hnge subterranean vantta. 

The Rue St. Jean ends at the half-ruined Porte St. Jtaft. Pasc 
irig through this gate and turning to the right, we reach Iba best 
preserved part of the 'RampnTU, which date mainly from the 13th 
century. They are strengthened at intervals by round and e(|uar> 
towers, and are bordered by a fosse. Farther on, the ramparts turn 
at right angles, and we see the so-called English Breaeh ('BiJrb* 
nui Anglais') made In 1432, and the Pnrte de Jouy. We shonM 
here desoend by a footpath itilo the fosse (a visit the Trou au Ouit, 
u postern in a tower. The enceinte here is double, one wall eti- 
cloaing the upper town, the other descending to the DurteilU, an 
flffiueiit of the Voutiie, about 220 yds. otr. 

The ramparts of the lower (own were less important, and hav» 
been partly destroyed. They were bordered by a moat full of iratei, 
which still eiiats atid is now skirted by the Rtmparls d'Aligrt, » 
pleasant promenade ^/i M. long. On a hill to the left is the Gmeral 
Hoapital. occupying the site of h 13th cent, convent. 

Farther on, adjoining (he promenade, is a neat little Mfn 
Water Eilabliihment, with weak chalybeate springs, efficadou IQ 
cases of chlorosis and anxnila (fee 05 c. per day oi pet lltie; bait 
1 fr.]. Beyond the promenade lies the pleasant public Garden, wttl 
the Villa Gamier, both bequeathed to the town by the late H. Qat- 
nier. The Villa contains a Llhrary and a small JVlucum, which b 
open lo the public on Thurs. and Sun., from 12 to 4. Quitting Iht 
garden at the other side, we follow the Hue de la BIbliotbAqae i" 
the Rue du Val, and then proceed to (he left to t?(. Ayonl. 

Railway to Troteb (continuation), — The train now passe* 
through some pretty wooded vaUeys, and beyond (^T'/j M.) Oial- 
i/iawoft descends again lo the ^aWci^ttlitt Settle. — From (59';'»M.) 
flamboin-Qoualx (BuKtl') a \,^^^vA-\\llB m™ \s. 'v^'S^H'*^ W''*' 

63 M. Wogint-.ur-Bein* iC^ut.c-de-l..-CTO.xK >'»y:^-tfa»^ 


^" to Troyn. TROTES. 39. Route. 295 ■ 

a bulldiDg of the 1&-I6lh nentaiics. Tlie [op of its graceful towM 
is ornamented witli a grille in the form of a gridiron. Tlie vhivl 
points oC inteiBSt io the interior are sums of the paintings and tlie 
organ-ioft {IBth cant.). — Near Nogent stood the abtey of Pariicl<(, 
founded In 1133 by tbe celebrated Abfiard, who was interred here 
along with H^lofse ; tbe empty vanlt is all tbat lemains. 

We now cross the Seine and ascend its Taliey to Tioyes. T41/a H. 
Ponl-iar-Seine is a village with the tiiodern chiteau of M. Jean Ca- 
siinii Pi^rier, whieh we see to the right before rescbing the station. 
In the neigbboarbood is a stalactite cavern V/i H. long. 

80 M. Romiily-iur-Sehu (Buffet-HfllBl ; Oygne de la Oroix], an 
induetriai place with 8000 inhab. and large cailway-wDibs. 

a«ilwiiy lii KRemsj lo iTisv and GMUau-THiB-^y, aae p. ISS; to fJ M.) 
Jn^tart, on the Aul.a, ud lu (18'/. M.) Siioa"! (Bpemay), see p. 292. 

.^eieral small stations are passed. Beyond (100 M.) Barhtrt]) 
the lailwaf to Sens dlrerges to the right, and tbat to OhSlons to the 
k-ft (see p. 300). — 104 M. Ttayei. 

Troyei. — HoUli. Hotel CocnunEai (PI. ai B, 2), RuaderHo 
.le.ViHe66, pens. B'/J fr-i I'D Hclut (PI, a i A, 3), Place de laBonnetei 
L.m.:oiiiiEKdE(Pl.b! B, 8), Rub N Dire-Dame SB, B., L., HA.VIri, B. 1 
.1.:.!. 9. D. 31/1, pena. S'/,, iinm, 1;, fr,! De Fmsra, Bub Thitrl 3, B 

'"' OaTei.' Cafi da Parit, Osfi ds Xord, Plaee da la Bonnelcrie ; Caft dt 
III Ville, oppoaite tie HBlel da Vllle. — 'Bv-fftl at llie alalion. 

a»biforapers.,|)erdfiralVa(r-l (or 4 peta. 2 fr. i per hr. 2 * 3i/, f r. 

Psat ft Telegraph Offiea (Fl' ^^ B, 3), Rue ChachDnnel 1. 

Dnttad Btatei OsniuUr Agent, ffaitan Balltl, Eaq. 

froycj, tbe ancient capital of Oiampagne, the chief town of the 
Itipartement de I'Autie, and tbe seat Of a bishop, is situated on tbe 
Seine, which here divides into several arms. Pop. 6!1,000. Its 
II arrow and crooked old streets, its timber houses, and its important 
charchea combine to render it one of the most quaint and interest- i 
ing towns In Eastern France. Troyes was formerly a place of great I 
romiDeroial importance, and is said to have lent its name to 'Troy ' 
weight' {'.'). It ia now chiefly celebrated for its hosiery and pork. 

AttguMlattna, and aClarwardB Tn^aa. St. Loap ur St. Impua, one of ila Hiat 
(■i-lilipa, diverted aa attack liy Attila in Uia fitli cent., bat Iba town wis 

and reaidenee of tbe I'onnta of l.'bampaene, Iba best-knuwn oC whnia waa 
Tbibaiit IV. (1201-98), aurnamad lHa Minstrel He ChaniDnnleT'). It waa 
.iripnvnrda slIiM In ThP. rcnirn. fell into the bands of the BarguDdianl 

f Cbarlea VI., and it waa bete tbat tbe i 
ne^, wbjch aaknowlcdged Henry V. of'' 
declared the iiiegillmac! of tbe DaafhlB, | 
. uiiii ui the articles ef lbs treaty provided ror 
T. with the PrincesB Katbarlne of France, wWoIl 
wd In the churcb of SI. Jean (comp. 'Kimq Bmr^ v: . 
■f, llie town WIS tahen tj niBli>.\4 a\OA*»«. V 
■ea was iBien and patU^ tnine4^1 ■finm. k%M\ei^ 
ly BOceplanue among ttc iift.a.' ollw^"^ "^ 
Wei iif Nnnles ruined ila \n4ivalT^«-^ V«*^r }« 
roni 50,000 lo W.OCO. Tius™ "■^'■o *'*^*'' „^^ 



Ibe 'TiauT^re', Pope tlrbno'lT,, UlgniTd Uu piioler, ijti Ibe sgglplon 
OtrardOD nod Sim art. 

Sbottly after leaving (he Etailon we retell Ibe bonterud* 
which Bnrround part of the old town. Hi>ie rises the CDaapEcBoni 
Honument of the Sons of the Anbe (?1. A, 2), a marble giODp 
('conqaet or diel, by Boucher o! Troyi>s, nii a high ppcieMjil, eom- 
iiiemoiatiilg the war of 1870-71. 

ToTDlng to the right, we see in front of as, to the left, the chnrdi 
n! Bt. HiBDlu (Fl. 3 ; A, 3), a Gethic building of the IBtb ceot., witb 
a porch of the 17tli. Above the projecting porch is the InleresOiiB 
and handsome Calnary Oiapel, with mntal paintings by Nicoli* 
Uordouanier, and an Eece Homo by Gentil, two i6tb cent ulJEU 
of Troyea. To Ibe left of the nave ie a Holy Sepnlchte (doMdj, 
Furinountod by a flgnre of Christ of the 16th cenlnry. The fonli in 
front of the Sepulchre and the fine sculpture representing Uib Ador- 
ation of the Sbcpheids belong to the ReiiaiBsanco period. The UsIm 
contain some good stained glass of the IGth century. In > nloks 
belov the statccase (a the left of the choir is a painted scnlptnM of 
St. Jerome at prayer, and beyond it is an old painting on wood. 

liehind this church are the Market and the Place dt la Bonw- 
lerit [PI. A, 3), beyond which begins the Bue Notre-Dame. the prin- 
cipal street in the town. 

A little to the tight is St. Pantalion (PI. 4; A, B, 3}, another 
Gothic chnrcb of the 16-lTth cent., with an 18th cent, favade. In 
the nave, to the right, is a large and curious Calvary by QenU], tba 
best part of which is the group of Holy Women. In the ftdjftoont 
chapel is an interesting group of St. Criipm and St. OrUpiaUM fej 
the same artist. The windows in the S. aisle contain flna >tklll«d 
glass of the 16tb cent., in grisaille. Against each pillar in the nav* 
are two Statuet, one aboie the other, sheltered by canopies, asciibed 
to Oentil and his Kalian colleague Domenico Rinucci. The vaulted 
limbet celling, with a fine pendentive In the choir, is 75 ft. litgh. 
In the aisles are eight large Patnlingi : sii by Garr^, a pupil of Le- 
lirun, representing the life of St. Fant&Hon, a physician of Nicome- 
dia, martyred about 305, and two by Harlulson, representing (be 
Nativity and the Entombment. The panels of the putpit are decorat- 
ed with bronze bas-reliefs by Simart, 

Opposite the church is the B6Ui dt Vauluitanl (.Pi. 6 ; A, 3}, t 
private house of the Renaissance period, now occupied by a olab. 
Not far from this paint, in the Rne de la Trinity (No. 7). the fUM 
street beyond tbe Rue Tnrenne, is the H6til lie Mauray, an Intetut' 
ing house of thi.' IGth century. 

Hetotning to the Rue NotT^-Daoit , ^a loWosi \v »a\« t».«ifc 

sixth cross-street on tbe lett, w^ieio «« ^-i"^ **''*'> «> ■^■^vy.-^— »■ 

(PL 2; B, 3), a chutch of t^ie VUt *^a V%ft> "'"^■f ^TS"^ 

«ppe^r«n« nnrt almost concettAeS, til \\,6 ^ww^vftXut-" 

^^^ nrbam. TR0YE8. 39. Boutt. "297 

containing some inteiestlng works of ait. Some of the windowe in 
the bIeIse stB fllled witb rlcb stained gliEB of the 16t!i nentuiy. 
The roredoa at the higb-altar, designed by Girardon in the Corinti- 
ian style, contiins two Falnlingi by P. Mignsrd, raptesenting the 
llBptism of Christ, and God the Father. Theee are concealed by 
cnrtains, which &ie withdrawn on applicstioa to the Terger, the bell 
10 BUmmon wbom Is at the right of the entrance to the cboir. In 
the chapel beblndtbe cbotr is an .A/lor-Piecc wltb Une marble reliefs, 
leprBsenting suenee from tbe Passion, by Jacqnes JtUiot f? 16303, 
finished by Girardon (casts in tbe Mu9£e). A uhapel to the right of 
the choir contains the Visitation, a group of the 16th century, and 
one to the left, near tbe sacristy, an EntombiDeDt of tbe loth century. 

AUttlabeyond St. Joan, to the left, is tbe HStddt ViUe (PI. M, 3), 
an uninteresting and dilapidated strncture of the 17th coatuty. A 
niuhe in tbe fai;adB formerly contained a statue of Louis XIV., noif 
replaced by a flgnre of Liberty, dating from 1793, which the Eeslor- 
allon endeavoured to transform Into a Minerva. The large hall on 
ihe first floor contains a marble medaUion of Louis XIV., which If 
one of the beat works of Girardon. 

Tbe Rue de rH6tel -de -Villa, a Ultle farther on, leads to tbe E. 
10 »8t. ■Urbain (PI. C, 2), a small church of tbe 13tb cent., now un- 
dergoing restoration. It somewhat resembles tbe Sainte Cbapelle at 
I'aris, and is considered n gem of the purest Gothio arobitecture. 
It was founded in 1263 by Pope Urban IV., son of a ahoemak«r of 
Troyes, but has been left unanished, with only three bays in the 
tinve. The side-portsls, with porches in front, deserre nodce. The 
lieigbt of the vaulting In the nave Is 85 ft. The windows, with 
■■uined glass of tbe 13-14tii cent., are notable for tbe delicacy and 
liuauty of their tracery. 

The 'Knul perCeuKoo (of IblB cbaicb) is liie baauly of its delaila, in 
wblcb H )9 unanFuasBcd by aaytliisB ia Frnncs or in OeuDanj; ilB vrorat 

■Hist. o( Arch.')" ' ° « roe at 1 in o oae o e maeoD . 

A few yards to tbe right stand tbe large stone HaUc ait Bid, ol 
corn-market, and the frrfeeture. Adjoining tiiese is tbe Canal dr 
In HaaU'Stine, wbicb we ctoss in order to visit tbe Cilif. On th9 
other aide of the bridge, to the right, stands tbe HStcl-Dicu (PL 
C, 2), a building of the 18tb cent., in front of which ia a fine tailing' 
of tlie same period, 

Tbe*Cathedralot8t. Pierre (PI. 0,2), to tbe right io the saiua 
street, is an imposing and highly interesting building, in spite of 
tbe w»nt of unity in style, due to the fict that, Ub tin\sUttWcv<i^v^*s, 
spretd oyer foot centuries (IS-lflthJ. 11 iiaa \M«\i iwv4*jt?fs™> ■»■ 
Ihorougb restoration. The oldest and most \j6mH!i.tii!. ^w^ S»*-'* 
cio^; ibe moat recent is tlia W. front. -wUt to roi^vitw^A t«i^ 
mja^w. o„e of the ridiest and most pAeas\»^& 6V*«x-?\^^ "^J 


298 Soult 39. TBOTEa. Mwml^ 

Flamboyent style (16tli cent.) In the countTy. The ft^Kde is SankGd 
with two tower;, of which, however, that to the N. has alone been 
finished; it U in the style of the ITth cent, and is 1X1 ft. high. 
The oroiEiiig was formerly surmounted by a ipire 19T ft. high. The 
interior of the eharch, which hae doahle aieles, is noteworthy for 
its pleasing proportions. The beautiful *5lained libus Window! dale 
from the 13th centnry. In the first chspel to the right, in the D>Te, 
is a polychrome Gtouji of the 16lh cent, (uttributed to QentU], rL>- 
presenting the ItaptiaDi of St. AugustiDe by 8t, Amhrose; iu the 
Ledy Chapel is a Madonna and Child by Simart. The Tnaiury, to 
the right of the choir, contains many fine old enamels. 

Continuing to follow the Rue de la Cite, we soon leseb the 
ehntoh of 8i. Niticr CPl- D, 2), a Gothic building of the 16th eenl., 
with a N. portal in the Renaissance style. It is chiefly reniaikablo 
for its Btained-glass windows of the 16lh century. 

Retiacing our steps to the cathedral, we now turn to the right 
into tbe Kae 5%. Loap. whicli paeiea in front of the Publie Libruy 
and KnteniiL [PI. 1 ; D,^), established In the old abbey of St Lnpns. 

The MuaeuTii Is open on Sun. and festivals, from 1 to 5 in «ntanier 
and from 12 to 4 in winter, but la accessibk' also on other dayx. 
It contains sculptmes, paintings, and objects of natural history. 

The AUDHjBuLUEicil. CiiiLKOTiuK (ceteluBUB T6 0.) ii arranged iu Ibo 
' '- "■- — ■ ' '— -'—■ - — •- boilding —• ' ■- 

C Ihc buement roomi. It comprtlel me 

iBoiaa and i 16lh eeot obimaey piece 
N.TUBU. HHTOBTfJotLeenoss Dceopy tl 
be left of tbe court are the itaircasa lee 

■11 Ih 

r« i 

e>e ore a Urge Gaito-Komnn 
In tbe baeement - Tie 

the Pfclnre OaUery, and 

The HcuLPTOHBS compriio an interesting cu 
nd n few original workl by Ihe nnli>e ertieU 
■Urarien (1628-11161, Paal Outofa fb. 1829). FaK 
ilfrcd SgucJta-, etc. Among Ibe belt .if tbeae n 
eilured ecoordinE Iu eJeeaic teili and ancien 
ellefi from Napoleon'* Tumb), IWI, 81, 161, 
t^lard! lis end (12, by VoKaf; 218 and tS9 
™u..- 21, 221, end 2S6, by SoucAtr, 213, 31, 

mODumeDti), lia-UO rbaj- 
nd Hi, by atmarl! IS, bj 

by Imttm; 71 and '^^ by 
m, 3fl, and 38, by AAgb. 

Tbe Fi>»< ere on tbe fint floor 
Id Maalen. T., the riglil, no number 


M9,ttt aboFe). Booai I 


idonna and (Ihjid with SS. Jolln Uio 
f, BumaD bridge; li. Bimlhngiu I'll 
Sudson, Portralli 20. Fr. flu»slHr, 
paintinei liy Ifalain, of mytholiwlcij 
om Ihe life of CIdvIe ^ m. n»elo. 
Schtol, Iiandieape and 

■ " "S 

nu uuiQuor, un^nwott dnui, iHiinn yiew, loa, Tiu«n, i qo -jnm 

Uoraeai 21B. ni*iun ArlUI (gtenature C. qo. Flowers and rmll| ., 

><erg, (Tntiiwn AtHmI, P. UignarA, Portrnlt:; 13, Huti, Glrardon Ibe acnlplST 
i03. P. Migniird. Mme. ds Hontespaii; 6B. Can Pki*. Snydera, tbe ~— 

pulaUri 39. mi dc CAuiapaivne, l.oiAi HVtt. Tital%i "" ' " 

f'levili,^ as Knlghl of the Holy Ubosli llfi. Unknown 

le acnlpUr j 


299 ^H 

IJfe;89. UAaM, ^^| 

tSne portrniU. ^^M 

le, ditcaKted iB ^^H 

»ee, embroWelf, '^^™ 

(mlti IT, Dawerioiagl, P. Hlenird) Malltit, 99, 88. Still- 

ParlrKll; IBS. IVnifri 1^ £'Id«-(!j, flouts^ sevetnl inters 

Between tbe elHB-cBsei Is in AnK^nt Apotle, is broc 

ChunpBgnein ISIS. Th« tUaai-cuei conliilii anliquitiei, 

some of wbicli ure luppoeed la be 'thoiE at' TheuJorie 1., King of tbi 
VialgDtba (killed M r:biIon> la 4S1), slia fannd inl'CliuiipieiiE (Fouen 
IStS). Moat of tbe obiecU have IneuripUune. 

Boum U. Uodera Piialinn. To tbe Hght: 107. Mmginnl, Tlie tttbe 
SI. tatigli, Entt. Lonoeut ui4 tbe dnbuilsDai IS, fifemMi-r, QiTeai 40 
CMatrtidl,MteTtiKU'iTm:UZ. AoiHt, St. Ellubelh otHunesrF dialribulu 
aliDii 33. ^<in>, Deith i>r Abel ; 148. Bchiii, fMod-aereen of I.ik Uedelcii 
raee balow); 101. Ibrtatt, UeHyrdom of 81. Kdmuod of Cinleibatyi H 
BchUi, VnUe; of QrolveDdsn (la^n). — Glua-cisa witb imall nntiqi 
brontea, — BS. Llhimx. Simson , BimnevTy. 16. Apelli^a pniDling Ibe jud 
ment of Hidu, IT. £iop sid b<a iiiuler Xantbusi ISO. BebrBn. Bulbei 
12. BeWil, SimHrltHi woman | 99. P. Ditarecht, Janah found b; JoatbeU 

ThE Lfirorp, in & new liDlIdingbesirie the catfaedial, is opsn on 
waek-dsys from 10 to 3, stid uti Snn. from 1 to f) in summer and 
fiom 12 [0 4 in winter ; it is closeil on Wed., on feEtivals, and dniing; | 
tbe vacation [UOtii Aag.-lst Oct.). It contalna upwards of 110,000 M 
volumes and HBirly 2500 MS3,; and also soiDeBtained-glasB windows ■ 
by Linard Goatliier, illiiatiating the lifeof Henr] IV. ^ 

We return towards Cbs ceutie of tba town by theKuBHennequlii, 
whicb leads (o the left beyond the mmenm, and again ciosi tbe 
canal by tbe bridge to Ibe right, in oidei to reacb St. Ksmi (PI. 
<', 2), a chnich of the 14th cent., the lofty splie of wfaich is seen 
from a great distance. Tlie chief obJenCe of inlcreat !□ the inteiiol 
are a btonze flgare of Christ by Girardon, at the bigh-altar; some 
very interesting paintings on wood, of the llith rent., in both srma 
of the Jraiisept and in a chapel opening off (he N. transept; and 
some good modern stained glass. 

Facthor on Id the earn e direction is La Madeleine (PI. B, 2), a 
cbDrch in the Transition style of the 12th cent., enlarged in tbe 
16lh cent., which well desarves a visit. Its chief claim to attention 
is a magnificent '/food Screen, executed by GioTdnni Gualdo at the 
beginning of tbe 16tb cent., looking almost as if it were hung be- 
tween two pillars, with ornamentation of extraordinary richneas and 
delicany. This church also possessea some line stained-glass windows 
of the ICtb cent., onenf which, in the chapel at the end of the choir, 
represents the creation of the world in very naive fashion. We ■ 
may also notice the paintings at tbe main entran'^e, in the N. tran- J 
sept, and in the chapel at the end of the choir. H 

To the right of the main entrance of this cbutcb sundi a gate- ' 
way of the 16th cent., a relic of the convent formerly connected 
with it. A lidle to the S., at a corner of the street, is Ilia HfiuL Ai 
SSartis, dating from tbe Ifllh cent., with a gtacrf^il WmeA., m'A^\\»> 
erilles at two of tbe windows. — A little to tii«li.\B ftio BiniU'oniA. 
CfamieUa (HA, U, 0, 2), the flnost in the lONiii, w>M8.vtt\M»,'ft>-*'^\*" 
Hb, IbeZyreom, and a Cif,,,. it ends on tte Vi . weni Va* s.v*^">'>-> 





302 Rovtt 39. LANGRES. From Trojw. 

vngu From the Psrls Line al (Ti/i M.) Brieim (?. SDIJ. 

Tha tiuD Qow ascends the Talley of tbe Murne, and l)»;<Hi9 
(170 M.) Fau^in passes tbiough two tannele. 

184 M. Langre'-Mame (Buffet). Tbis EUtlon lies ibant 1 H. 
to the N. of the town. 

ThaiB Ii another alsllDD, Laitgrei-Ville, ti> tbe S., on the Poluaoa at 
fieaeuvre railway (>ee p. SOS), alio at soidb distance froiu tlie town Bniptr, 
vhlcli !• (Bached bv a -Chatnla ie Fer a CHmailUie' (TBOk-and-nlBili 
raUnayJ, on tha Blgl afiteiD (farfi 60, S5 e.) doirn 3B, 90 c). 

LuigTM (fldleJ (fc fEurope, Rne Diderot, R., L., ft A. V/g, 
B. 8/,, dtfj. ;l, D. 3, omn. Va fr- i P™'", Waco Zieglet), a town will 
10,330 inhsb., a fortress of tTie fltst clase, and the seat of a bUhop, 
isBitDatedonaplateaQriBingat itsN. end to a height of 1660 ft. Il 
U one of tbe most venerable towns in Fiance, hating already attain- 
ed ronsldeiable importance at the Roman conquest as the eapil*! 
of the Lingones; it submitted finally after the defeat of tlieii cel*- 
brated chief Sablnus. Afteiwarde it was several times devaitatad 
by barbarian hordes, and its rise haa been albw and its hiitotiuj 
importance inconsiderable. It was oocnpied by the Aaslriaiu Is 
1814-15. The industrial specialty of Langres is its cutlery. 

The main road from the station (o the town ekirts the W. HU 
of the bill on which the latter stands; a shorter roDte, leading di- 
rectly to the cathedral, diverges to the left, and the Ghemin de FN 
a Cr^maillere (see above) also ascends to the left. The little ehif- 
el on one of tbe bBstions of the fortifications, with a flgnre of Ibi 
Madonna, was erected by the inhabitants in grateful rec^ogi^lln 
of the fact that tbeir town was spared a hostile ocrupation In Ik* 
war of 1870-71. The large domed building to tha left is the BdpOM 
ile la ChoTitl, founded in 1640. 

The *OA'rKBiiRAi. OF St. Mammrs is a liandsoms edillce In It* 
Transitional style of the 12th eent., in which tbe pointed and O* 
riicnlar arch are used in happy eombinstion. Tbe W. portal, how- 
ever, with its towers, was rebuilt in the 18th century. AfaoB( 
the most notevrotthy objects in tbe Intetior, which is characteilitJ 
by great symmetry of proportion, are the monolithic colnmM •( 
the ehoir, with tbeir beautiful eapitals; the reproduction of tt* 
CiQCiflx of St. Martin (see p. 303) at the high-altar; the Coliair-I* 
the S. transept, with its marble stataes of tbe Virgin, St. John, uA 
Mary Magdalen ; a line figure of the Virgin of the 14lh cent., kD»«a 
as Notre-Dame-la-blanche ; a figure of tbe Immaculate Virgin k| 
J. Lescorne of Langres (1843); tbe handaoniB monnment of HpL 
GaMn (1793-1877; statue by Donnassleux) and the modem awmt 
of Si. Mammas by H.BeUiaTvA otLa,iip6s,«v>Si.6'S.WMva«.^t-.,«iBi 
i6th cent tupestrics in the tvamis-?^. c\i».-?e\s\™i,'ea%*TaSit.- 
menu with bas-reUefe In ihe e^oli-ioAiiiaWvi. T.o-lV«^i^ 
cboU, is the elabotataly decMMeiioot ot fe•^t^^«J^*■^'a* 
tvntaiDS several paintings and eivt\o6B6 »^v»^a*W« w. 

39. Route. 303 

cloisters. Atova tha doot is a bust of Card, de la Lniema [1738- 
1821}. At (be end of the N. aisle is s Renaiesance cbapel witb 
coffeied ceiling. 

CroESing the Place in vhicli the cathedral standa and ttliniiig to 
the right (Hoe St. Dldier), we teach the Musil^ in the old church of 
St Didier. It ia open to the public from '2-4 on Sun. in eni; 
but strangers ace leadlly admitted □□ other days. 

Tlie Gbuund-Floob centalni madlsv&l and BaDafiaaDce woiki 
nnmecgut eyla-Roman itatuu, bai-rellefi, sltm, iogcilptinns 



ier, who w« blaha 

p of 

n of 

, 0° ^ilifi^ !° 

iTBCloi of the ScbDC 

il nC 

jrapileri collootion 

•^SYP'i vroMnioa ujr mi. corruE, lur ma.< 

Medidne at Oaito. Hero alio ta a tc... . ., .._ ._ _. 

The Seuuvd Ploob containi a mnall pIcIuie-eBllcr;, wilb ipacimevi ot m 
COTOt (18), XHiJiuii (72, 73), Mmtu/na &i\ Potlmbwg (96, a miDlatun), ■ 
7-aiwl (13l-iaO), ^faiiKr (117-IOEt l.aDgrea), and otben. Ttas «lau-cai» con- I 
tain BKiptiao, CeMe, Boman. &Dd Oallo-BomaD aptlquitiu, and Dumsronl 
madiioval and SenaJiisocB abjaels are alia eiblblled htre. 

Beyond the musenm wo pass a handEomB Rtnausanct Hoiue and 
reach tlie ramparts (due view), whence we see, to the Tight, the QaUo- 
lionian Ateb. This gateway, now built np , conaUls of two arches, 
and ie oinamented with Qve Oorintbian pilasters. — We nelt retrace 
our steps to the cathedral, and follow the Grande Bae, which tia- 
versea the town from N. to S. This Bireet is soon Intetrnpted by ■ 
small sqnare containing a SlatVi of Didcrol (1713-84; by Bal- 
tholdl], the Eticyclopiedist, who was the son of a cutler of Langres. 
Farther to the S. stands St. Marlin'i, a low double-aisled I'hnrch, 
dominated by a lofty spire, and dating from the 13th, 16th, and 
18th centDiies. It contains a Qne *Crueitij:iBn carved in wood (be- 
hind the high-altar), attributed to GentU (16tb cent.), an interest- 
ing painting by Tassel (Martyrdom of St. Simon), another attributed 
to Garavaggio (Christ among the[doclorf), a statue of St. Louis Qon- 
7.aga, and the model for a monument to Abp. Morlot, a native of 

The Qrande Rue ends at the Bne Parte dci Mouiini, a 17th cent J 
|;ateway, and at the Promenade dc Blancht-Fontnint, planted with B 
Uue trees. The Citadel is on the other side. ■ 

Figin LangFen a branch-line rum lo (39 U.J P.>tiuiM-Bine<m-i (p. 968)1 1 
.»inp. p, 303. — Analher hiani^b-line mm la (il M.) Amiill„, irliBtc it 
..ins the Kanoy and DiJoD line (lee p. 311), 

Ueyond Lani^tes our line crosses the Marne, which rises about 

' M. to the 8.E., and then passes, through a tunnel nearly 1 M, 

titng, from the baein of the Marne to that of the SaStie. — 191 M, 

CHiJuidrey or CulmorU-ChalindTey fBufftl-H^itl). "CvA-rHwtx.'J^ 

I halladrey lies 1 M. to the S.S.W, Fatthei dti is Le PalUflj, w^-'Co- ■* 

'ine ReiifJieance cftateau. For tliei line Iiotu TSattOi Wj"OVi<i«^S«'*- 

tr^^rille, Viitel), sofl B. 41. A branch-line 6.\so TttM\iei\<^6 ^^^.W-™. 

mtm ' ^axU town o„ the Sujon, and to (_ia*ft.^ Gto^ ^-¥.^'^*^- 

304 RouK, JO. B0I1RR0NNF>LF.S-BA1SS. 

Our train now cTOssee 3 viaduct and puesea tbroBgb i 
tiuiDal, 1200 yds. long. Beyond (196t/g M.) Horta wa dsBOUid ft* 
Bmiiing vaUey of the Amancc. — 208'/, M. VitTcy (HSt. de U OumL 

Fbuh Viteei td BoDBBON^iE-I.Ee-B.iHa, 11 U., railway In SManli. 
IfacM 2 fr., 1 fr. 39, 90 c,)- We cross the imance. — G II. rKiny. 

11 M. BsuTlHiiiiie-lei-BaiiiB (ffrond-JIDM do Ticnna, Place da B^mi 
Bertlit-aaiUard: dii ^smi, Bue dea BaicS) du Cnmwrct, di TAt, Onuli 
Kue] Is a tDvn witb 4iall inbab., mocb reBOrtsd la on acconnl or lU 
Thtmat Bprinai (llO-ISO* Fabr.), knoirn to tbe Komani u 'Aqnw B«f 
vonii', wblch are itinnEi; ImprFgnaled wllb cblorlde of lodlam and atr 
efBeadoia In lympbatle Md acrofnloat sffaDllons, rbeamatlnn, pm-lhol 
01 other wounds, aacl paralysil. The tabmription to the Catimi ItVlft, 



!th. the" 
e rigbl) a 

lelow whlcL, .. , , _ _ 

^PlsBiaat walk! may alio he Uken in Ihe a^uinlngii 
to Ooiff^lB-Hml, on a bill 1 M. to the a.W., with mini of a fortillid 
cllleau! ana to rMriiiUn-iimi-AitTenml. 5 M. to the N.N. W., wiOi a elnlyt- 
Hate Iprlne. — GMtillcn-mr-Sadtii, (i M. tu Ihe B„ ii so old fortlflsd tll- 
laga. with a IBtb cent, maniion. 

lib M, Juase]/ (Aigle Nair; du (lominerce], a BinaJI iowit Vllk 
2600 inhab., is tbe junction of a line to Epinal (see p. S12). Tt 
CTOEB tbe Saone, not fai from its conQoence witb the Amance, ud 
ascend tts left bank, at some dlBtance from tbe rfTer. 

221 M. PoTt'd'AUlier(StttSat; Hfit. do U Gare, plain), the June- 
lion of the line to Nancy yia Epinal (see p. 317). Faithet on TC 
aross tbe Lanleme just above lis condueDce with the SaSaa. M 
{239 M.) PoTt-suT-SnSne we leave tbe valley of the Safine and pan 
tbtongb a tunnel. 230 M. Graltery ; 232 M. Vaivri, tbe junction of 
a line to Gray (DAle, DlJon ; see p.318). As the train nears Vesaul we 
Eee to the left the hill of I.a Motte, with its roonuroc'nt (p. 300). 

236M.Tmou1(Buj7'c(,' 'mteldeVEuropt, at the station; miti 
de la MadeUint, Rue CarnoC), the capital of the Ofparttmenl it (a 
Haute-SaBm, la an uninteresting town with 10,080 inhab., dtuaUd 
on tbe Durgton, to the left. 

The wide Rue de la Gace, to Ihe right as we quit Ihe sutjon, 
the Bus Camot, its prolongation on tbe other nide of tbe river, and 
the Bue du Centre lead lo the Church of St. Georgt, a buUdinf of 
the 18th cent., with lofty and ^acefnJ vaulting. The firet cbapel (o 
tbe right contains a Holy iiepi^chie, -v^^ «\Bn« Kt&ui.«s. In tbe tA- 
Jacent flue dn Colli''g6, tt tbe left, 6ULt\4i a QuiKic H»ut "A-fct 
ISihceotary. The ntreet to th«\eitt o* t.Ve ttaittNiV^iAaWi^ik'^ 
faUdeJmlice^ another edifine of t^te V6<bt,BnWiiv ^1 ■»*'*''*-*■" 

aarrow Hue de la Mdtio , which di'veni.e? W 


ioBOfort. YESOUL. 39. BouU. 305 

flie Palais de Jtutice, and then take the winding footpath outside 
the town, we reach (20 min.) the top of the hill of La Motte 
(1265 ft), which is surmounted by a figure of the Virgin under a 
Gothic canopy, erected in 1854*57. View extensive but somewhat 
monotonous. — Proceeding to the left from the Palais de Justice, 
we reach (2 min.) the Place Neuve, with the Monument des Gardes 
^o6tf«, erected to the memory of the Gardes Mobiles of this depart- 
ment who fell in 1870-71. At the end of the Place is the Breuil, a 
promenade shaded with fine plane-trees. The Rue du Breuil, at its 
othei end, leads back to the Rue Carnot. 

FromVeaoul to Oray^ to Dijon, and to Betanfon, see p. 317 and B.48b. 

241 M. Colombier; 245 M. Creveney-Saulx. The train now 
passes through a tunnel 676 yds. long. 250 M. OenevreuiUe, 

255 M. Lure (HdteldeVEurope, at the station; Hdtelde France), 
s town of 5887 inhab., formerly the seat of an abbey, of which the 
building (18th cent.) now occupied by the Sous-Prefecture, in the 
mtin street, to the left, with a small lake in front, formed part. 

Line to Epinal (Plombieres) , see R. 42. — This line is continued 
Jo ihe 8. of Lure through the valley of the Ognon, to (25 M.) iiontbozon 
(P'847), Ti& (11 M.) Villertexel, near which Bourbaki won a fruitless victory 
over the Germans under Werder in Jan., 1871. 

The VosgeSj which have already been visible to the left for some 
^e, now become more and more distinct, the most prominent 
snmmits being the Ballons de Servance and d' Alsace. The Jura is 
Also Tisible on the horizon, to the right. The train ascends the 
▼alley of the Rahin. 262 M. Ronchamp ; 266 M. Champagney^ to the 
S. of the Ballon de Serrance, with coal-mines. We then pass through 
^ tunnel 3/4 M. in length. To the left lies the Etang de MalsaussS. 

27OY2 M. Baa-Evette, the junction of a line to Giromagny (p. 345), 
u not improbably the Magetobria where Ariovistus, king of the 
Sueri, defeated the iEdui about 70 A. D. Some authorities, however, 
place Magetobria near Luxeuil (p. 321) or near Gray (p. 318). 

To the right rises the Montagne du Salhtrt, a fortified hill, 
farther on, to the left, are the citadel of Belfort, with its lion, and 
the Tour de la Mlotte (p. 306). As we near the town, we have the 
Manufactories of G. Kcschlin and DoUfus-Mieg to the right, and an 
^^ans' quarter to the left. 

276 M. Balfort. — Hotels. *Anci£NNB Posts, Faubourg de France, 

JPPosite the bridge, somewhat expensive; ^Tonnead d^Or, Place d'Armes ; 

•>>TaAHOi, at the station \ dbb Mbbsagebibb, Rue du Faubourg-de>France 16. 

Oaf it. At the AncUnm Poste and the Tomuau d*Or, see above; Hirtt, 
^Pposite the Ancienne Poste. — Brasterie LuU, with garden, Ca/i-Bratserie 
'^ntt^iiu, both near the station; Brasserie-Concert de VEldorado, Bue da 
Pauboarg-de-France 89. — *Railieay Buffet. 

TtHt ft Telegraph Offiee, Rue du Faubourg-de-France 23. 

Oaba. With one horse, per drive IV4 fr., at night 1V4> per hr. 2 and 
^fr.; with two horses. 2, 2V2, 2, and 3fr. — Carriage to the Ballon 
"^<MMt CP> 8A4), from Hich. Wandr^s, Rue du Faubo^T%-^c^-Kii<^%.Vt«e;"V^ 
^^ dae MTse, 1-2 pars. 20, S-4 pers. 25 fr.^ with two \iOTa«a^ ^-% ^ct^.^^t. 

laCksk Mkfier, JSue da Faabourg-des-Ane^trea ^ O-^^-^* 
MAMt>MKMM"t Northern France. 3rd Edit. *XQ 


306 Boutt 39. BELPORT. ^^^ 

Betfarl or Bifarl, a town with 'iSJilb inhab. {B400 in 1870) uul 
a fortrfiES of the fltal claaa, on the Savoareuse, is a place of gfMl ' 
militaiy impoitaoce, rommsuding tbe piasage between the Vtufu 
and the Jui& known ae the 3Vou£c de Belforl. 

Founded aboul tbe 11th uent., Bsirort wii UJien by lbs Swedu ti 
1(BS and 1631 and by tbo French in 1636; nad in 164S il wu foniulll 
niiiti^d to Franco. In 1814-15 tbe forlrega BacceB^fully oithetood IbeAlliB. 
u'ho did not obtain poileuian of It ualil sSisr pesDe wu condndtdi ud 
Ibe ume reanll attended the liege by the Oermuia in 1870-71. TUj IHI 
Blege lailed from Nov. Scd, ISTO, to F^b. 16lb, ISTl ; snd the bombarionl 
be«aD on Dec Srd. Tbe OnimanB, boneVEr, inccseded onl; In Utlaf &• 
deiacbed forls of Hautea-FembaB and Buaaa-Percbei, to Ibe S.B.. and U 
was not lill the codi^IqbIod of an armiiitlce and under ordan (ma IlK 
French eoveronienl that the garrison capitalated nith the banoM o' 
war. Tbe attack was larried on b; Qencral vdd TreakoK-, the Man 
by Llent.-Col. Danfert-EOBbereau. Kourbski iltsmpled In vain le rtM 
the aieite (sea p. 348). 

Belfort contains little 10 inlereat the tourieC It ia divided inn 
two chief parts: the well-built modern qairter on the right banker 
the Savonranee, still named, the Faubourg dt France, thaugb wi&lt 
the line of fortification; and the old town on the left hank, which n 
reauh fcora tbe railway-station by turiifii); to tbe left aad tixanln; 
tbe Faaboarg. The town is commanded by an imposing CilaM, 
on the snmmit of a rock 220 ft. high. In front of it ia the eobual 
'Lion of Belfort, 36 ft, high and Tl ft. long, carved by Rartholdi in 
eommemoration of the defence of 1870-71. 

We enter the old. (own by the wide new Avenue Caraol ud 
Eoon reach the Place d'Atmes, with the Pariih Church, diOng (nm 
1729-60; the Hotel de Vilte, containing a emaU mueenm [opsD on 
Suu., 2-4) and a Salle d'Honneuc, with modem painUngi from iLi 
liiBtoty of tbe town; and Ibe Quand-W!me, a bronze gronp b; 
Merci^, dedicated to the memory of Thiere and Deiifert-Kochersin. 

Those who desire a nearer view of tbe above-mentioned Lieu 
tnllow tlie Btrect to the right of tbe Hotel deViUe and pass thrsngb 
Ihe Porte de Montbdllard. The custodian lives at No. % Rn« di 
Vieui-Marchrf (daUy in summer, 9-12 and 2-6, in vrintei Sue. 
It Thurs. only, 1-4; adm. 50 e., more than 3 pere. 2^ c. each, on 
Snn, & holidays 10 e. each pers.). 

The Rue de la Grande-Fontaine , to the right of (he cburt, 
leads towards the Poric de Brisarh, another 18tb cent. BUuctnrt. 
Beyond it is a Tiiley, which lias been transformed into a huge £W- 
Irenchtd Camp, capable of holding 20,000 men and traveiaed ti) 
tbe highroad to Stra&sburg. To (be right is tbe Baele road, which 
passes between the Citadel and another rock surmounted b]r llir 
Fort dt JiiHicc. At the end of the valley (2 M.) rises the Port <lt h 
Miotie, H-ith an old tower wbic^i \6 wwsvirati ™ toma sort the p»l- 
/ad/nm of Belforl. It was buttetei » ^Wta m'&.t Ae^t o\. SSSW\V 
aud Aas since been rebuilt, T^ie a«oi\?,l<«'cA"''*»^*'^*-"'*'^»™-'** 
BOa stronger since tbe Ust MeRe, aUtft-J ''I'J ^''^ ''^'**^ «?; 


K. 314, 315| to BaaHtnA imd Dijoa, lee K. 18. 
AU Seifobt to PuutKTRL-i (Bile), 21 H., r^I 
ea a fr. 8S, 2 fr. B6, 1 fr. 70 c). Tliis UnB,_ae.iBMi 

I via HiilliBiueB, !■ thf onlf one nuw InrErged bf'i 
it to SwilierlBnd (no psMpoMa BBCMJiry). Bwlw 

1, Ihe janclion of a line lo Monlhiiliflrd Cp. 346); iO'/j * 
LSV.H. Dells rSujn'; sei. dti JVordJ, the FrencU front!' 

Iiaed chlleao. Abont 1 M. (tflm tt 
Fivei ace atlusled In Swiii lerHlory 

40. From Paris to Epinal. 

poxl wUb the llnei to eirsBBburg and Belfort, Th'e iborieit route is (hat 
*il ObaumoDt, Neufdi^tem, and HirecoDrt <B. 10 0] tbe qulckeit lliil 
• iH Tool and Hlrecourt (R. ^,d). 

a. Till Bleime, Bologne, Hentolt&tMn, and HiisMiirt. 

J921f. B*iL»A( In iO'/.-nVi t". (farci «tr.Mo., 3S fr., SOfr.BOc). 

From Paris to (1367, M.) BUm>i , see pp. 186-143. We tlicii 
iliTeige to Ibe left from the line to Natipy. 142 M. St. KuUen. 

i46'/s M. St. DUiBrfBujfee-WoWi; Soteil drOr), a town on tbo 
Mamt Willi 13,960 inhab., tontains important iron-works with large 
forges and (arna^:es, and Is the centre of the extensive timher-ttada 
of the depactment of the Haute Marne. The chief bulldingE! aie the 
Pariih ChiiTc)!, vrhifih stiil pteservBs its fine Gothii; fai;»de, and an 
old tionvetlt, now an Ecfltilastical CalUge. 

Fhoh 8t, DiuBR lo Tboteb, B81/, M., rsllway ta 2<U-VI, brl. I 

10 fr. M, 7 fr. 10, 

4 ft. eo e.; 

1. — The tMiii « 

and tl,e Virer IWeli 

', and In' 


7 M. ffdoron, It, 

iunctloD of a line 

lo Dome 

)i 18 M. 

WxilHr-M-Dirr. ui 

dee Voy. 

leeara), a vills^ 

Atb^ CAwc*, Willi 

. aOomu 

:ee<ine nave of i 


cent, and a GolUic 

dtS of ae^ISth ■ 

:ent. 28 H 

1 of a liaa lo Yiirj 

Meep. 142) Then. 

:« lo (mv. 

pi'soo. "' 

L»yAST,aBl, M., 


in IVifl h«. (ftres 



From ai. Dialer 

lo {7 H.) 

We now ueend lo 

lugh ILe induain 
15 H. ■W.aiT ot 

al valley 

'of tlie fiia*M.«M 

Ita ftiKM ind IroD 

■luluej. — 

^M«3 ( 

u fndiuMil town 

witii moo J 

ipbab., well lini 

a* M»n6 ot SJi* « 


belfrr. Ths Cliia-ch, dating Frdm Ike 13-I6tli i:eDt., liu « Use BauusqH • 

d^Oi), a vIllBgewitli irnn-forgei. Aboal 3M. firthar up lie villej (mi. 
eOc.) ii ttie CMfntu a/ Hrer (I'^Ui and 18(h cedI.), tbe reaidsnu of Tel> 
lD<re nd Kme. dn OhStelei far lome yean. 

The main Una next ascends tlie beaatiful vsUey of (be Haint, 
which also contains no melons iton-worVs »nd foundries. — 148 M, 
AnceniiUt-Oui. Ths rhaich contB>inB some good c&rvings anil nliifl. 

From Anccrvi]le-Ou£ b ItTDnch-rBJlnar innt tu m'h "O ^(tfc-MH* 
cDurl (see below), ptulcg leversl indnBtriiJ lucdltiu wltti fseiarits u4 

ISa'/a M. airuWe , a mamifactnring uUlago ; 168 U, O^t-tUffli, 
another town witb factories and stone-quarries, 159'/3 H. Cmel Bm 
to the W. of the Vald'Otne, in which are the foundries orthatnuM 
(3 M. from tbe atalion). 

164Va M. Joiuville (Soltil d'Or), » (own with 3S14 inhab. and 
large metaj-woika, is picturesquely situated on a hrancb ol lie 
Msme and on tbe slope of a hill on which stood the chateau ntHi 
Seigiieuis de Joinville. Tbe moet celebrated meoiher of the fttaUf 
was Jean de Joiiiville, the chronlcleT (1224-1318), the fTiend and 
I'ounsellor of Saint Louis. The domain vias made a principalitr In 
1562, in favour of Francois, Dulie of Gnise, and the ramons Ugu* 
i1u Eieli PuhUc was signed here in 1664 witb Spain. To the ri|bl, 
iis we quit tbe station, Is a small Oi^lFau of the 16th cent, foi- 
uisrly acDuntiy-seatofthe Guiee family. Farther on, to tbe right, in 
the Bae du Grand-Font, rises a Stalut of the Sire de JoinvitU, t 
raodarn bronie by LeBCorne'. The Church, allU farther on , to the left, 
is in the Gothic and Renaissance styles. The Hotpilal, founded in At 
f6th cent., contains some Interesting objects brongbt from the old 
chateau, when it was sold and pulled down during the Revolntkn. 
— To Troyes and Pagny-sur-Mense, see p. 300. 

From (172 H.) Gudmonl, a short line, 13 M. in leuglb, nm 
tbrongh tbe valley of tbe Rognon. joining the line to Mmfehltan 
at Riinautourt (p. 311). Several smatl stations. 

At [183i/x M.) Boiogne (HAt. de la Gare) we join th« liMtnoi 
Paris to Eplnal via Troyes and Chanioont. 188 H. JonAtr^ — 
191 M. Chaitmoni. Thence to Ci&l M.) Eplnal, see pp. 910-811 

b. Vil Bar-le-Sno, IIentcbfct«aii, and Mireoourt. 

•m H. BMtaw.T id I0>/i-14Vi hn. (farea 46 fr. !fi, SI ii. 20, Xl fi. 10 ct 

From Paris to Bar-le-Duc and (1641/.. m.) JVaiiro«-*Vonvt(fc, i« 

p. 144. — Our Une now luns for some time to the S.E,, puallel 

wilh tbs Mamt-RUnt Canal, iaittyx^ VV^ ->«.\L<bi of the OnMto, 

crossing the river several timaa. \.6T m. Llawj-eiv-BaTui^*, vvwv 

o/ fidffiO inhab., with the TemaiM d^ ». t'^iWtaa.-, V">.^*WH_*"«' 

"ouri, tbe junction of « Una to &t- ^i^''" ^V'*;*^*'' 

•^'V, i'/* M- to the S., U beUe"** vr.i-t-*v«^wn 

10. liouu. 309 

porlant remiina), — 171'/'! *^- Tr^'^eray, lifco sBverslof the foUowliig 
sUtiona, contains Urge metal-works. At (181 M.) flemanpe-otti- 
Eaax the runsl quits the valley or Ui» Oinain, tnine to the E., and 
«nterB the valley of the Meuse by a tunnel nearly 3 M. long. — 
186 M, Oandrecoart fB6t. MoriBet), junction tor Ttoyes and PaRiiy- 
ani-Mense (see p. 300> — 193Vj M. Grand-AvranoiUe. Grand 
(AubergB Ptffvfit), lying 2-21/2 M. lo 'he 8.W. of the station, oc- 
cupies the site of an anrient Komau city, of which the veiy name 
has been lost. Numerous antiquities haiTs been found in the nsigh- 
booThDod, Inclnding a mosaic of the time of the Antonines, !20 yds. 
long and 15 yds. broad (50 c). The (^onFidetahle remains of a large 
amphitheatre, of a basiUDa, and other buildings are Etill in situ. — 
203 M. I^tbicourt, to the right, witb the old fortified ai&ttau dt 
HowUmnnt, containing rirhly decorated apartments and sutrounded 
by a large park. We no* enter (he valley of the Meose. To the 
right diverge the lines to Chaumont (p. 310) and Meney (p. 311). 
2O6V1M. Neufchateau, andhenM to (26(i M.) Ejiran/, see p. 311. 

0. Ti& FBgnr-iur-HGOia, Ksnfoliliteaa, and Hireoonrt. 

270 M. RAttWAr in lOi/i-il'/. hri. (fnrea 48 fr. 10, 33 [r. 90, 21 fr. BO c.V 
From Paris to (191 M.) Pagnysur-Mtuie, see pp. 136-145. Our 
line then tnrnB to the S. and asceods the pleasant valley of the 
.MeiiEB, between partly -wooded hills. At (195V2M.) Si.ffertnoin we 
croEE the Meuae. 300 M. Vaueouieuri (Hot. Jeanne-d'Arr), where 
.loan o( Arc made known her mission to the Sire de Baudriconrt and 
begged him to send hei to Iho French court. — Beyond (aOT'/a M.) 
Pagny-t'i-Hlanehe'Cdte we thread a tunnel and croes the Meuse. 

213 M. DoniTemy'Maxey-sur-Meuie(OitIS-Riisti.aio,nl de laQarel. 
To the W, of the station lies the little village of DomTemy-ia-FnceUe 
(Inn, unpretending, near the church), the birth plaice of Joan of Arc. 
It is visible from the railway, being the second village to the right, 
in the midet of a grove of poplars. 

eilheT rolldn Ibe'ro^ which crauea the atream in Haiev, on ll^i ilde of 
the lUlioo, OF the ibocloc rnolpitb which croiaes the gtream beyond the 

There it at presenl little lo ace at Qomremy, wblcta la a TUlage ot 




collBcltil. The court in from of (he cottage \» to tB t 
^JP y ■"■ fBrcU, rtpreBBnllne Joan quilting Bia \ 

'h''ifhb *^^°'' ^"'''^"''"o" tbeV"oi"w -V 

o mysierioat voice* urging lier to liet ImH, i 

,B 6HftiW»Vft&, ■v'-'Il 


, tj AUsrd. Thf 

Oomniny !■ 7 U rioiD deufcliSlesa b; Ihe ruad crotling tba Xtme. 
!ii6M. CouHey latthet on diTorgea theline toTonl(«eebel«wJ. 
220 M. limfchmeai., unA tlience 10 (270 M.) Epinol, m p.Sll. 

d. Tifl Tsui and MiTeconit, 

ism. RAiLKiIln Wla-iVlilTt. (rang le fr. fiO, 31^.10, SOTr.MC'V 

From Paris to (ISB'/a ^-1 Toui, see pp. 136-1*6, Out Uiw tuf 
Id the S. and pastes between tbe Iiills lanaoanted by tbe dtiUdeA 
fottaby wMch Tool is protected. — 206 M. Blftiorf-Hi-TouX, •tII- 
litgevitli a cbureb of tbe 16tb Rent., ront»ln]ng tbe inteiwtlne IvRik 
of a bishop of Ton!; 207 M. BulUgny-OhiUu. From (,210'/] M.) 
Barliey-la-CSte a bronrb-line Tnns to DlJon vih MeofohlMli 
[p. 311). Farther on our line traveraea part of the Forwi nf 
St. Amoad. From (220 M.) Fauieres, on the other ride of the foiw, 
we descend into tbe valley of a small affluent of tbe Moselle.— 
Sii small stations. — At (2321/2 M.) FtintUe-la-Orondt we jiiln 
the line from Nsncy to Miieconrt (p.316). 234 M. PouiJoy. 

237 M. MirtcMrl, and thence to (2C6 M.) Epinal, aee p. Sll. 

e. Til. Hane; and Blninville-la- Grande. 
266 M. E.iLw.t in ff/.-IS hra. (r.rfi 47 It. BJ, 83 fr. », « fr, HBd.)- 
FromPfliUto(aieM.}JVonpv, feeR. 18; ftom Naiicy to{239ltl 
lainvUIC'ln-Qrande. see p. 324. Onr line herB turns to tbe S. urf 
osees Ihe .V«urlA«. 243 M. But/on. fhe train asoends the valkr >t 
Ibo Moiclle and psBses through a wood. — 249 M. Charmtt (FoiM), 
» town with 3844lnhab., on the left bank of (he Moselle, hae a OMkli 
ehnreh, with fine carvinga end stained glaaa. 

From Obannu ■ Diinob-ltoe iudi to (IVIi M.) BmibtntlUn, piuUt 
{Si/t M.) la rimri>-iJt-Periiitii, wilU so oitemiie gU«s-woik i'venrttel. 

- iVf, M. RomfcBTiVIn-* CPojti.) l9 on ancfcnt Jndi.atrial (own {B100 ialil.J 
- ■•-- •fariagiu. It prnweBses joidb ranaini o! in old fuTiiflct^m. • 

f Ibo 16lh, and a Hfllol de Vtlle of Ibo Iftb centnrT- — Tbt Hit 

- ,. _. -ontinued 10 Briiy(>rei {p, S3I). Hmnlbm (5 fr.) lo (9"^ H.) BuirwiH 

Deyond Cbanues out line again crofsea tbe Moselle. BeronJ 
iBQVn M.) Thaon-Ua- Vosgrt the line from NeufchStean to Mlieretil 
teen tother)eht,andEplnal to tholeft, 2e6M.Eptno(, feep.Sll 

f. Ti4 ChBumont, Reofcb&tean, and Hlreoantt. 

Ki M. B.rl.".v In lO-lS"/. Irs. (forf< H ft. »1, 30 fr. SO. (B fr- TO '-!■ 

From Varis lo (163 M.) O-aumonI, see pp. 291-301. OiuUm 

(arnfl fowards Paris for I'l^W. ani fliew ^«tiAi ta the N.— 

iS6 M. JonrlitTV- 171'/^ M. Bolofliw, &n (aa V*. -toMtiL « *» 

ifame, is the junction ot a Une lo B\6Kni« V*b»-?.WKV '^'■'°°».' 

tbe Btream and i(i»U iW ■^a\\e'i- ^"^^ «• 
ipi M. Anilelot a small anS ancienV to'N' 

io^pkuiL NEUFOHATEAU. 40. Route. 311 

to Ufttory ts the place where Childebert II., King of Austiaeia, 
mtd^ i treaty in 687 with Gontran, King of Burgundy. From 
(I831/2 M.) Rimaueourt a branch-line runs to Gudmont (p. 308). 
Beyond (I96V2 M.) Liffol-le-Orand our line enters the valley of the 
^euft and unites with the lines from Merrey (right; p. 309) and 
B«-le-Duc 0eft; see p. 309). 

^ M. Veufoh&teau (^Hdtel de I' Europe, at the station ; Hdtel 

^ la ^ovidence^ near the station) , a pleasant-looking town with 

^lB4inhab., partly situated on a hill, at the confluence of the Meuse 

And the Mou%on. 

Towards the end of the main street, near a bridge over an arm 

of the Mouse, stands the Church of 8t, Christopher, a Gothic edifice 

^th. handsome modern stained-glass windows. The Rue St. Jean 

ucends hence to the upper town, passing the Hdtel de Ville, with 

its handsome entrance, on the left, and an interesting private house 

on the right. At the end of the street is a square with a Statue of 

Joan ofArCf in bronze, by Petre (1867). In this square, and in the 

Rue Neuve, which descends to the left, are several interesting old 

houses. Higher up, in the same direction, is the Cliurch of St. Nicho' 

^'> the chief one ibi the town, with a fine nave, a transept at the TV. 

®^^, and a crypt under the choir. It contains some good modern 

stained-glass windows, by Dupont of Neufch&teau, two stone altar- 

pi^ces, and the remains of a Holy Sepulchre. Near this church stood 

^ <^hiteau of the Dukes of Lorraine. 

Bailwaya from Keufchateau to Bar-Ie-Duc, Pagny-tur-Meuse (Domremy), 
^^ Chaumont, see pp. 809-311. — To Nancy and Dijon, see B. 41a. 

The line to Mirecourt and Spinal skirts the E. side of Neuf- 
ch^teau, commanding a fine view of the upper town (to the right), 
^th the church of St. Nicholas. We now traverse an undulating 
*nd partly wooded district, with vineyards and extensive pasturages, 
^^ "whieh large quantities of horses are reared. The insignificant 
Wonzon is twice crossed. — 212 M. Aulnois-BulgnevHle. Diligence 
^ (6 M.) the small town of Bulgndville (p. 316) to the S.E., 38/4 M. 
^ the N.E. of Oontrextfville (p. 316). — 226 M. Rouorea-Baudri- 
^^Urt. To the left are the lines to Toul and Nancy (pp. 300, 315). 

280 V2 M. Xireeourt (Hdtel de la Gare ; Hotel et Cafi des Halles), 
* Well-built town on the Madon, with 6063 inhab., who make lace, 
^broidery, and musical instruments. To the right of the Place 
^•Tive are the imposing Market-Halls of the 16-17th centuries. In 
^ street on the other side of the Place is the early-Gothic Churcfi, 
^ih a spire in the Transition style, and farther on in the same 
*^eet is the Hdtel de Ville, with a fine Renaissance portal. 
„ From Mirecourt to Nancy, see p. 315; to VitUl, ContrexMlle, Martigny, 
^^limdrti/^ LtmgrBi, etc., see pp. ol5, 316; to Toul, see p. 310. 

At (288 M.) Hymont'Mattaincourt the line to Chalindrey C^ee 
Jkove) diverges to the left. The church ot M.B.U^Viv«iW»v. ., \a ^Js^'s^ 
*^ contAins tbe tomb (now a pilgrim-ieBOit^ oi ^\»'P\«t^«^^«^'^^^ 

[16B6-1640), a former cum' of Ihe pUce, canoiiUed In 1897, — At 
(^6 M.] DamUtiliet, the JQOction of tliB line to JiuBey (see beloir), 
wB join tbe line from Lun^Tille-Salnl-DiS [R. 45). — 561 M, Bpinid, 

g. Tift Jniiey and Sttnilenllei. 

264Vi X' BoiLH'Ar in SVi-lG iira. (fani 19 fr. %, 83 fr. T5, 23 tr. 6 eX 

From PsriE to (216 M.) JusMy, see pp. 291-304. Our line now 
direrges U> tbe left from tlie line to BelforC, and rons to the E. 
ihroogh ibe vnlley of the 5a6ne, After leiTing [2MM.)dI»q/, wllh 
ils ruined chateau, we crosn the rifer. — 224 M. Corre, near thf 
tonfluence of tlie S»6ne and the Conry, The miliTBy now cnUi off ■ 
bendottheriver,hutrejolti5itfarthflron. 230 M. Passu unnt. 236M. 
Montbmtiu-tuT-Sadne, with 1514 inhab., Is sitnated on one of tli« 
peninsulas formed b; the winiling course of the river. 

340 M. Damn; (Elephant), a smaU and ancient town with 1430 in- 
hab., prettily situated on the Sa6ne, in the midal of a wooded dis- 
trict, baa manufactures of cutlery. The source of Ihe SaSne Ilea 
about 6 M. to the E. The train now crosses the riyer for the Un 
lime, and runs towards tbe N. to the amalj Afonla FaucUlci, wUcIl 
form the watershed between the SaAne and Ihe Madon, an an)n«n( 
of tbe Moselle, and consequently between the Medjterraneatl and the 
North Sea. — Several small stations. 

At (261 M.) Damiittllta we join the line to Mltecourt {(•• 
above). — 264Va M. Epiml (see below). 

Epinal. — Hoteli. Ds 'l> Pubte (FI. ■) C, 8), peDB.8>/T-13 r».. »a 
Ldlvkk (Pl.biB,3), somewliat lower chireea, db Pin.a {P], a; C; th 
Noi. 10. 9, bdJ 2J on the 4<^I du Bang-EaranU, the fl»t quu to Oa 
rlEhl on Itae WSf Fioid the suliun; on ConiEKca IPl. d; G, 3), ■•• 
ilMrehea 13, in (be arandeTlllei -dbi Vobqu, at tbe sIiDod (PI. ei S,^, 
^dj. ai/i fr7 

ati: ArmniU, »1 Ihe Cerela da Commuum. 8) 0,8)| linmrnt, OatI 

„ „ . . ^A . ■-- Toaaai, ale. - •HaitHay SMfamr^ 

fr. ut nighti per hr. 1'^ 31^ b-f 

a Faleocerie (Fl. C, S), to ihe )«tl. 

Telagrapik Ot 

Epinal, capital of the Dfparttmmt dei Voigtt, is a commercial 
townwith36,526inhab., eltuatodoTi Ihe Uoiel(«, which runs thtoogb 
it in two arms, dividing it into three principal parts i the Faubotug 
d'Alsace adjoining the sUtion, the Petite Ville, and the Qrauda 
Ville. Epinal was founded in the 10th cent, and belonged to Ot* 
Duchy ot Lorraine until its union with France. There are now 
^^ scarcely any remains of its ancient ramparts, but the neighboming 

^M ails are sDrmounled by modem toru. 

^1 From tbeStalion{P\.'B, B^tte meW Vo «&* ■ft^V\*»A»^«i^wa 

H^ Canal dee Oranda-Moulins, a *iancV o! v\i«14o«'*ie,-*^\^S6.-» 
^m^Jiere by (be Pont des Qoatte-^»tt«M- S"'*^'- otj, Jw- 
^kfeUta Vine, we cross another brlftee »> *"> ^^"'^ ^ 


;ij' V 





\, i- 

^^^PHP EPINAL. iO.Rwlt. 313 

eqnaro to tho left riseE » Monitrntnt (PI. 7; B, 2) to tho yietlms of 
ihfl war of 1870-71. The Rub du Pont leads farther od to the Ptact 
dea Vosgci (PI. 0, 2), which lies in the contre of lie town and is 
^aicoDnded bf honGes with arcades In front. No. 20, in (he Be- 
naisaance stylo, is one of the most nolBwoithy of these. 

ThBCauKOHOpat. GoBRTorSi. *fauriee(Pl. 6; 0,2), near the 
Place des VoEgBE, boilt in the Roma.n«sqnB and Gothic Etyles, haa 
a tower in the XraASition style, two turrets, and a S, portal. Tbe 
naTB is iiopoiing but sombre. Near the choir, to the right, is a Holy 
Sepulchre. — Tho Palais de JtiHkc (PI. 10; C, 1, 3), behind the 
church, is modem. 

The Hue d'ArcheE, almost opposite the church, leads to the Rue 
Sadl-Carnot, which descaiidE to the Pout du Cours. To the left is 
the Cours , a promenade on the bank of the MoseUe, shaded with 
fine trees. Near the bridge are the Public Library [PI. 1 ; C, 3), 
and the Dtpartmenlal Muieum. The former contains 34,000 vols, 
and 600 Mas. 

ThcDepartmeiitaiMnBenm(PI.C, 3), open on, Sun, andThurs., 
1-6 in summer and 1-4 in winter, anii to strangers on other days 
also, is the principal object of interest in Epinal. 

The Obol'su-Plodb i9 devoted to the Autiquitiei. ~ The VullMi 
tonUini BumiD antlqniUei (cMefly found at Orand , p. 908), Iculplores, 
and (nueriplioM. — In Iho Cmrl are lombdonea, allatj, and suplplBrc*. 
On Iho wall tu the rlehl of the door al the end of the court !i a nadlj 

^i David prepartng to atlack Gulimh, by Wairinel (1888), — In the ffall 
at (be end are cadji of andenl and maiem itatnee, lod 111111) anliqoitiea. 
- Tbe Oardm alio coatalns aotiqniUej. — The room neil the preceding 

nr. Goaaa-t (ira»u>). Hnly Fa'milyi Bfi. 0. ran Scorli, Thermae of Titui 
It aoma; 34. Franc* «< Elda; CruciBilon; 16. ' f«hW BniieM, SkinpiBh ; 
1 Ambtrgtr. AdocutioD ot the ShepUeTds. 

Eplaoda in the Crimea. — To the ri^ht U a Citbiatl il'Biitoire Salu'rillt. — 
To tbe left ate colletiioru ot Kataltianm Fumilurt, FnmUsh Wmpnu, and 
Staimd atati of Ihe Ifllh cent,, and an impqrlanl Fiotnre OaJlerj. Among 

left: 231. /ia4<», Portrail; lU. Ft. Hall, Boy with a oil 23. Cliardt-, The 
brtilt'B molheti 130. J. S. da Vrlei, 12. Bouli, 13. aaudcicini, IjmdBcajBSi 
88. Bai. ■-..—=-- .' .^- o......._j.. n „__ „_,... ,..._. __i ._ 

nympliiii 7. (Hcrslont, Mertyrdon 
PoiBiti !;0. J*. Bril, L— ' "" 

., _ ... r. - .JiiTrHirffiiiptod), BBlOe-ple«i 

.rantni, SO. Pyramid of Cestlns, 91. Arch of Tiluij 70. LiniallMeh, Sarkol. 
— 3S.FranfaU, On (he Seine) a. Anttgau, Dsughtert of Eve; 9i. Lt Peltnin, 

Sc/Hippm, 38. Zipavlli, Poitcai(«i 1^. 
16. Jtorala. Head of fahrf-- " —" 

T.Ibijhm, Portrail of a child; 86. . , .. , 

Xandlcapef 131. Sldla, Madunnai Ifll. firfnnl, Uoll iialAT-, 1&. Qmwl.u 

eo?BH, roiirnila-, 28. Srhvi,! e/ Climit, YounB woman ■«\«i a '— -" °,mt/oB, 127. Venti. Enlombmonti 58. Sthool of Pmitrtit, S 
t lick nitin tsi. Fttcn-PiTTin,'"' •" » -■ ■■ -' ■ 


tpam ud D/aa.J invoiiflgYiipiter "aial"" ^^6 *«w«-- '^"^-.^'S^^U- 
" "'" """nan (1601); 117. A/ttr itophael, C^TS o^ »•«<'" 


iMonlln), PnTlng Hngdaleiii 69. A. Sault HB. Cnitnatni Artiil, PorlMU: 
!0. BHichir, Buat nf R girl; laa. Rffle™, Pilgrim praying to 8". Snami; », 
Vim Oayin, Imiimre; 11. £afA, Time lekrlng tbs winga ftoin I^m 
1U7, 108. BKct, OBDobUea iDimented by demDnsi 36. Claiult Lorralm, Lud- 
Bcape: 113. aalraior Jtcta, Landscape) 103. Htmbnaidl, Ohrlit antkatnc 
Calvary, s skstcb-, 132. Srlialcte«, Woman viaiting a pritoacri 3^ M.* 
CAivnjiirilFM, PortAil, 80. f. Milliard, DliitrleB IV. of LomiiMk Zft 
.IJurcAol, Alutian 'pardon'; fOG. Ritura, St. Jocome iwakeaed by an uid i 
330. JfnicJialifM, Porlraii of Victor Haeoi 1. Sntrtiali, Cbfld imet by t 
bDinb-Bb«U, tn maTblC) 904. Jtamia. Flavrfln (water-FOIOHFji 81. J^m 
SUll-lite; 109. B. Bobat, Tbe Pont Menf. 

The ball alio eonlaini Small AnHBuiUa, OtJetU of Art at (be aiUlt 
agu and ilie BenaiaBanee, Haatnili (St. Thomu ot Aqnini* bj Lnflii), 

The Rue AuberC, prolonged by the Kne KnBlindiiil, neaTljr d| 
site tbe MnEeDm , on this side of tbe bridge , brings us buk M 
(own on the aide by wMch we first entered it, passing tbe Poataim 
da Pinati (PI. 0, 2), with a column enrmonnted by a bTonie B«r 
oitracting a thorn ironi bis foot (the canting arms of l^plnsl, TrM 
i-pine = thorn). 

The Tnmoiuda da Ohltaan or Jardu Boiltlat (PI. B, C, 1, an 
P)biO, ai tbe oppoaite (K.E.) c nd at tbe town from IheiUtion, lai., 

• " "■ -■ ■ -■■ ■ • •■ • ■■ ■--■ Kifh 

the Kne d*Ainb 



A«l^ii (Pl. K, 31, an 
Ota attiMlive walki 

Eplnal to 31. Dt 


Plr^lfra and B 


»I/,=r(, aes B, 42; lu /il/"". seo E, II o. 

41. From IITancy to Dijon. 

a. Tib TddI, TTenfoh&tefta, nnd Chnlindre;. 
isai/i H. Ktn.WAr in eVi-9V> bn. (farea SS ft. 10, 16 [r. M, 11 b, IDc) 
JVoncji, see p. 146. Thence to (21 M.) Tout, see p. 146; uii 
thence to [33 M.) Baritey'la-CGit, see p. 310. Onr line then lM<n 
that via Mireoourt on tbe left and tnns to the 8, W., »U(a8Vll'-) 
PunlTOl, (39 M.) Svfpct, and (45 M.) SouImm. — 48 M. ■^•^ 
ohkteKa. Bee p. 311. ~ The lino now ascends the valley oCtlt 
Mouse, quitting the river for eome time beyond (61 M.) Haroial' 
Oraffigny. ~ TiU^ M. Memy is also a station on the line vji Wrf 
court (see p. 31^). We now leturn to the Ttlley of the tfnw; Hi 
itsin crosses the river and aaeonds on tbe left bank. From (W H) 
Andiltij a branch-line lans to t.angres (p. 303). 90 M. OiauJrfir/- 
We now join tbe railway from Paris to Telfort (p. 303). wUck ■■ 
follow to (04 M.) ChnUn'lTeii (Buffet). Here our line turn* lot^ 
S.W.. leaving tlie Gray line (p. Sfl'i) totba VeCt, indbesint teln- 
rBreeaBionotonousplatBau. 1(H.M. viiiia\i!>\™, wCo'»v\T«iva««, 
an afffuent of Ibe S«6ti«h 116 M. SelMiHfy, *" '^^^''''ilj^.t"'* 
tba light of the railway. ¥ftTi\\M on ^a 
*flnen( of tbe -Sofine. To itiB iVg^' ™«^ ' 



tillon. — 121 M. li-iur-TilU (H8t, Ae U Clloclia), a counlry-lowti 
of 1892 intab., on the Jpnon, to the tight of Ihs railway, with 
iron-mines and ECone-qaairies. It 1b a station on the line fiDin 
Troyes to Oh itillan-!UT- Seine (see p. 368], and a line lans hence 
to Besan^on yii (,30 M.) Gray {p. 318). At la-Bur-TUle we join the 
EyBteni of the ParlB, Lyons, and Med i ten me an Railway. — 136 M. 
bijon-PoTte-Naivt, a station on tho E. side of Dijon. To the riglit 
lies the park (p. 37&), The lino now makes a wide sweep lowarda 
ha S., Dnltea with the Dlile and Pontarllei line, ciosses the Ounht 
nice, skirtB the Canal it Bourgagne (p, 364), and jolne the I.yona 
ine. Near the central station, to the tiglit, lies St. BfiLlene. 
1381/, M. Dijon, Bee p. 368. 

b. Tifc Kiieeonrt and Cbolindrer' 

H'J M. Rtiivnr In 8V.-8Vi hra. (fares ffi Ir. 70, IT fr, «J, 11 ft. 10 .■■). 

Kattcy, eea p. 146. Out tine calncldee with that to Stiasabiicg as 
far at (1 M.) Jarvitle-la-SlaigTarige. — 5Vi M. Ludrea; IVa H. lo 
the left is Ftevillt, with a fine 16th cent. CkSieau [lUltore adniitted). 
1) M. Neuva-Maiaona. Wo now cross the Maaelle, near ile confliieni:o 
vitb the Madon. and aacend the valley of the latter. 10 M. Font- 
St-Vtntenti branch to Teal, see p. 146. After several small stations 
»a crMB the Btetion. — 130 M. TantonviUe, with a large brewery. 

About 9 H, to Hie E. Is Boi-ml. JTariAaf Baaim^em (1579-iSle), 
Ituro liere. and Martlial C. J. de Bemum <1T30-SS). Dnoa pruprietur of Die 
lane 18i|i ecDl. CMIiau uf Haroui;, are toiameioonileil by buelB, by Huel, 
erected ia 189T. 

22M. Vfteiise, on the Brenon. 26i/iM. iVoje-mir-VoudftTiont, 
nesi which Ib Slon, with a pUgrimagc-cburch. About 2'/^ H. farthOl 
on is the mined ChSUiiu of the Counts of Vandtfroont. — 33 M, 
FraieUe-lf-Orande is also a station on tbe line from Tgul to Miifl- 
conrt (p. 310). Al (95l/i M.) Poussny we re-enter lie winding vaUey 
at the Madon. To the right is the Neufchiteau line. 

37'/jU.Hiieaonit (p. Bll), the junction of liiies to NeufcbHeav 
(forBar-le-DncandChaumontJ, Toll], Epinal, etc. (see pp. 308-311). 

30 M. Hymont-Multamccnrt J whore the Epitial line diverges to 
the left. 46 M. Btnioncourt. To the rigbt is the hill of HontfoTt, 
with tbe remains of a fortified rhateau ; to the left, at some distance, 
Aie the ifontj Faueilka (p. 312), Beyond (iB'/a M.) H.iri<iilU the 
' itbfng'eatablisliment of Tittet comes Into view an tbe right. 

hi VL Tlttel, — Hotala. GuND-HuTEi, de i,'£TULuaEiiiST, ad- 

Inc Uie lalbi aod tLe caainD, pena. 11-30 fr., loci. adm. tu cuiBoi 
-- -iw, ptna. aVifr.i bes 8or.ttCJS, B., I... 4 A. 3-3'/!, B. I/i. d^. 

o-ii IT.; uBi TiLLiDLB, 6-7 fr.; Bii,lsvde« de FamB,1-&ti.\vii. Lk.«»«. 

Oaina. Adm. aod. Ibeatre) 3 fr. SubBoripHQn !ot "») iuil» ^ ™* 
i/oae 10 /r.! to euiBo and theatre, 30 fi.-, 1 oara. SI It- — »^*' 

^SW/i-r arires !o Ihe 7,eigl,l,o„rha<.fl, 


3\6 Route 41. CONTREXfiVILLE. From BfaM» 

VilUt (J 100 fc), i small tDun with 1683 iub&b., to tba left (&] 
of the railway, posseEEes no inteieet for tha tourist, bat is 6«qamttd 
foi the s&ke of its cold Minemt Springs, which aie oaed boUl u- 
tetnally »nd internally, and are efScacions In gont, gratd, d)»- 
pepsia^ «Bd nrinu-y affeutlone. The aeison lasts fiom M»y 25lli to 
Sept. 25th. The eprings lie in the midst of a pretty psrk, to Ikl 
right, reached by a paiisago under the railw&y. The balhing-etnb- 
lishment haa lecently been lebuilt by Gsiaiei. The handsome dvnied 
building at the lop of the park is the Ciuino, the teimue in rrouiof 
which affords a fine liew. Adjacent is the Grand-B6td, also »iili 
a terrace. Below ue the Balhi and the Spring'. In tbe town Is in- 
other small establlEhment known as the Source BienfaitanU. 

be biLtbi; Ha 

tmra, U Clrr^, 

m IhBEtablisneinenl, 50fr.; .. , . .. 

Siitrct du Dr. Tl,i4ra or Ihe Baaret Uoitftcl. — Caiins. Snln. tui i pm 

fur 3 weeks 30 fr., 5 pen. 60 ft., oic. 

Ng Tariff