Skip to main content

Full text of "Northern France, from Belgium and the English channel to the Loire, excluding Paris and its environs; handbook for travellers"

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 










SS"pi"(iS"5" I i"? aTa" I i'&srs ' S'S'SS' I 

'^■ssasss lasss issss issss 1 1 


'°as^ I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 n H 1 1 1 1 M 


r-M \ inv..';' 













Alt righu riMT-Md ^-^ 

'Qo, little book, 60^ send thB« good puMge, 
Asd ipeciilly let tkit ^)* thf prayNei 
IlDtD them all that thee will lead or heu, 
Where thou art wioog, aitei theli help to gall, 
Tbee to conect In any put or all 1' 




Tbe chief object of the Handbook for Korthem FraiiQe, 
which DOW appears for the fourth time and corresponds with 
the seventh French edition, Is to render the traveiler aa nearly 
as possible independent of the serrices of gnides, cotn'miflsten- 
nairas, and innkeepers, and to enable him to employ his time 
and his money to the best advantage. 

Like the Editor's other Handbooks, It is based on personal 
acqnalntance with the country described, a great part of 
whfchhasbeenrepeatedty explored with the vievof assnring 
accnracy and freebneBB of information. The Editor begs to 
tender his grateful aoknowledgmentB to travellere who have 
sent him information for the benefit of the Handbook, and 
hopes they will oentinne to favour bim with audi communi- 
cations, especially when the result of their own experience, 

On the Haps and Plans the utmost care has been bestow- 
ed, and It is hoped that they will often be of material serrlco 
to the traveller, enabling blm at a glance to aecertun his 
bearings aud select the best routes. 

A short scconnt of the ordinary approaches to Northern 
France for English and American travellers will be found fn 
the Introduction. 

Heights and Distances are given in English measure- 
ment. It may, however, be convenient to remember that 
1 kilometre is approximately equal to Vg Engl. M., or 8 kll. 
^ 5 M. [nearly] , See also p. sxiil. 

In the Handbook are enumerated both the first-clasB hotels 
and those of humbler pretension. The latter may often be 
selected by the 'voyageur en gargon' with little sacrifice of 
real comfort, and considerable aaving of expenditure. The 
asterisks indicate those hotels which the Editor has reason 
to believe to be provided with the comforts and coDveniences 
expected in up-to-date establishments, and also to be well- 
managed and reasonable in their scale of charges. Houses of 

a more modest character, when good of their clasa, are de- 
Bcribed aa 'good' or 'very fair'. At the aame time the Editor 
does not donbt that comfortable quarters may sometimea be 
found at hotels that are DnBtarred and even nsmentioned. 
Althongti prices generallj have an upward tendency, the 
average ehargea stated In the Handbook-will enable the tra- 
veller to form a fair estimate of his expenditure. 

To ttotel-proprietora, tradesmen, and others the Editor 
bega to intimate that a character for fair dealing and cour- 
tesy towards travellers fa the sole passport to his commen- 
datioD, and that advertisements of every form are strictly 
excluded flrom his Handbooks. Hotel • keepers are also 
warned against persons representing themsefves as agents 
for Baedeker's Handbooks. 


B. >= Boon, Boata. 

A. = itlandMiMi, 
L. = Light. 

B. m Bre>ktut. 

II. = Nortb, KoHhen, etc 
8. = South, Btc. 

VT."i WMl,''*Ste. 

Di!j~=:"'fi?j"nn.r, Luocleon. 

D. = Dinner. 

P8ii,.=Pan5loii, (...bwrd and loflglng. 


Bin. = miPBte. 

c. = CBnllmB. 
jr. 1= Kuk. 

om^ ^'omnfhD. 

Tie lettM <I wl 
of hli duth. The 
Ita height >boTs t 

Srindptl pluei on 
iflance t^m the 

itutiDg'FOint of the 

Ten after the name of a plue >ho«l 
I Bamber of milee pUeed before the 
id highroidi ganerkllf Indicates Iheli 




I. Lingnage. Honey. Expenses. Seuon. PuEpoits. Oua- 

tom Boose. Octroi li 

II. Rontes to Nortbain France xKl 

III. PlanofTonr itv 

IV. Rflllwajs. Pablio OonTBysnoea xvi 

V. Cycling lis 

TI. Hotels, BesUoruits, and Gsr^s ix 

VII. Pablio Buildtnga »ud Collections ixi 

VIIL Post and Telegiiph Offices ziii 

IX, Weights and MeMuias iilil 

X. Historical Sketch iilr 

XI. Pollttoal Qeograpliy ixxli 

Xn. Maps , ixit 

Northern France. 
I. To ttw Horth of the Betne and the Vosgas. 

1. From Calais to Amiens and Paria . .* .* 3 

I. FTOm Oalita to Amlen B 

a. Vii Boologsi and AbbarlUe 6 

b. Vlt Huebionck ud Airu 15 

g. TM Invln, 8t. Pol, Fr«Yent, ud Doallens .... 33 

U. f HID Amieni to Pari* 31 

a. Via Crea a 

b. Tit B«any^i !S 

2. Amiens M 

3. From Paris to Beanvais and Le Tr«port (Heii) 32 

I. From Paria to BunTsIt Si 

a. V1& MontsODlt and Besamont 33 

b. Ti£ Chantill; md Giell S3 

n. Prom Beanvala to Le Tr^poit 36 

4. From Dieppe to Psris 38 

a. Tit Bouen 13 

L FT0m Dieppe to Rouen >3 

U. From Kouen to Parli 43 

h. TU Oliarg and Pontolie 15 

6. Ranen 48 

6. Prom Le Havr* to Paris via Bouen 60 

7. Watering-Places between Dieppe and Le Hayie .... 65 

a. From Bouen (Parii) lo 81. TiJerT-en-Cani and to Teulei e& 

h. From Bouen CParie) to Tenlettas. Lea Pemea Dallea . . 66 

e. From Banen (Pails) lo FSaamp W 

d. From Bouen (Patla) to Etrelat W 


8. From Psris to C»mbr«t 71 

a. Vli Ccell, SI. OseDtiD, ud BaiiinT 71 

b. Vlil CieU, 8t. Juak, ui t^toBH 71 

9. From AmienB to Aitm, Douai, and ValencienDei ... 73 

10. From Arru (PariB) to Dunkirk 82 

11. From Donal (PuIb) andTBlanciannM to Lills and Caattrei 86 

I. Fiom Dou^ M Lills 66 

U. From VkleneleDiief to LlUa . 66 

UI. From Lille lo Conrtnl 67 

12. Lille 88 

13. From Calais to ChUona-Eiu-Marne IB&le) rii Amiens, 
Laoii, and BheimB .' .' 67 

14. FtomOalais taNan<!y(StrasBbDTg) itl LUIe, YalendenneB, 
HiTBOn, and Longuyon .' .' 99 

IB. From Paril to Nanmr (LiSge, Cologno) 101 

a. Tii St. QQeniln imd Ssubeaie (Hoiu-Bruis'eli) .... 101 

b. TU SolasDQB, LaoD, ud Anor 108 

e. Vfi Soliioni, SHelma, md H^iiint 119 

16. From Paris to Rhoinis 114 

a. Vii Mcau and La Fer(«-Hilon lU 

b. Tii Boisaom 116 

B. Vil Epernaj 117 

17. Rhelma 118 

18. From Paris to Meta 122 

a. vm CtaUonB and Frou^l 122 

b. Tli ChUons and Veidqx 123 

c. Tii BlieiiDi and Verdun 126 

d. Vi£ BtKdail and H^ziiTH-Cbatlivill* 127 

19. From PariB to Napny (StraaEburg) 13i 

I. From Pari! lo Chalooi-iDr-Hane ISO 

U. From Cblloni-sur-Jtanie to Vaiuy 1*0 

20. Kancy 146 

n. B«tween th« Seine, tlM Lolri, uid the AOmMo. 

21. From Paria to Cherbonrg 153 

22. Caen . 164 

33, Watermg-Places In CalTadoa 170 

a. TrooYille-DeaDTllle, VIllua-tur-Mar, BtDiaial-BoDlgatc, 

aodCabourg *. . ITO 

b. Lnc-guT-Mer (Lion), Laogrvna, 8t. A ublo - iur - Msr , and 

CourHullea . . 174 

24. From Cherbourg to Brest 176 

26. From Paris to Granville 179 

26. FromJJa^to LeManayli Alenjon. Falalse J86 

27. From Caen to taval Tli Domfront and Uayenne .... 190 
26. From Paris to Rennes (Breat) 181 

L From Farii to Cbartru lOl 

Jl. From Chartre. to Le Hani IW 

UI. From Le Maiia to Bennei 201 

28. From Renoee tParla) to Breat 210 

30. From Bennes to SL Halo. Excnraions from St Halo. Hoot 

St MUheL Dinan 219 

CONIXNTfl. ii 

a. Fram Kcnnu to St. Hslo 39 

b. EnTtrom of St. HbIp. Bt. Bbttu. Fuui«. Olutrd. St. Bao- 

tat. Bl. Lanalrs. St. BHu 331 

i. ^cairioni Itom St. Vilo. CsdcbIc Vont Bt. HIcbd. DlDU 731 

81. FroijuEnJOLfisalea-. 280 

L Tji '- "— n Sabl^, u>d Annn 330 

b.TSLeHuiLS>1)l^u>i8egi4(Bt.NaulTe,Lori«il,<tiiimp«) 282 

c. V1& Orl«*ng ud I'oma ass 

33. Angera 236 

33. NantBs . 248 

8<L £iDmN>DteB.tDBtut 263 

I. From KbUm to Vanaei ind Amy 203 

11. FTom AuiAf to LorifiDt anil Qoimpflr S56 

ni. From Quimper to Brest «8 

36. From Atmy (4 Qoibeton. Plouhamel. Obxdsc. Locmuisqnei 269 

36. From Psrie to Tonrs 382 

>. TU Oil^na and Bloli 262 

I. Fpom P»ri» to Orleans . . .■ 363 

n. Fiom OiUuti 10 Toon 26* 

b. vis VeDdSme see 

ST. OrWanB 269 

38. Blols . 274 

39. Toars snd Its Environs . . .- 378 

nL Diittiet iMtwMn Full, tlie Totge*, ths Jura, and the Loire. 

40. From Psris to TroyeB and Belfort 289 

IL Prom Ttoyes tt . . 

41. From PaiiE to Eplnal (Vosges) 

a. ViS BUnne, Bolopia, Keutchi. 

b. Vli B&T-le-Snc, Mentch£l»u, i 
0. Vll PagBj-inr-MeasB, HenfcMtean, and XiMMmfl ... 307 
a, Vii Tonl md Mlrecourt SOT 

e. Vii Maniy and BlaiBvUle-la-Granda SOS 

f. Vil Chanmonl, Neotcliateail, and MlrecOnrt SOB 

e. V!^ JUMS7 and SanieuUei £09 

42. From Kancy to Dijon 312 

a. Vii loul, Menfchiluu, and CbadlDdrey 913 

b. VU Ulrecourt ^nd CbiJIndrey 313 

c. Vli Epinal, Tegonl, and Ota; Sit 

43. From Epinal to Belfort, PlombiSrea 316 

44. From Belfort to Straasbnig 319 

46. From Nmcjf to SttassbniB . 321 

46. From Lnndvllle to St. Did and Epinal 336 

47. EicniBioDs Into the Yosgea from St, Did 327 

b. To SehlBlltladt Tli Xarklrcb '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.''.'. 3J8 

e. To Celmar tU pTS!:e and 1b« Col do fionbomme ... 329 

48. Eicnrriona into tho Vosges from Epinal 330 

a. To tbe Bcblncbt Til O^rardiner 380 

b. To Colmai <!s Itie Schlncbt and Hiinster 386 

e. To irulhiniKn ii£ Bnrsang and WeMerUng 881 

d. To KalhanaeD vl£ CoTnlmont aod Weieerling . . . . SB8 
«. To BalfoTt Tli the WaJicbE Belcb^n 3U 

49. From Belfort (StraisburgJ to Dijon S43 


B. Vii Montb^Uud Md Bsnii;<ni 3a 

b. Tit Tuool Md Bhujob au 

0. Be«uiton 3J5 

1. Fiom Basuifon to Hearhfitel 350 

2. From Bes&ncon (Belfort) to Bonrg (Ljojib) 3&3 

3. Froin P»rii to Dijon 366 

«. Bf tbc Sinct Ud« SSB 

b. Tii Tnir« ud OhttUOD-aar-aBliiB 361 

4. Dijon 366 

6. PiDm Dijon U> Neacliital and to Lsnsuine 374 

6. Le MoTTtD. Aaiene. Autnn 378 

a. From LirDchs (Bsdb) to Aiuerre (Autnn) and Hctbm . . SJS 

b. Prom ADierre to Aalun vli ATiUon S81 

c. Fiom Cluneor (AuisrrB) to Par&r-lc-Maniid (HouliDi) . BSt 

7. From Dijon to NeveM 386 

>. Tit Cbigaf, Hontchaoin. uid Lt CrenBot 88Ci 

b. VU Chagnj and Anlun 888 

3, From Paris to Nevers 393 

•. Y\i FontilsBbluu and Hontardi aS3 

b. Tit Corbel ud Xontaigii S9S 

c. Tit Orl^ant ud Bourgu 396 

Index 407 

1. It<9 «/ JfttrliSailtm n-oiin, before Ibe UUfr-ptge. 

9. nte Sitm, from Pont de I'Anha to Le Hitts, p. D8. 

3. Thi fntrfmiH of Farii, p. KH). 

1. rAi FoOv 0/ UM VniH, p. 113. 

i. <91. Xalo and tis Eni^rmt, from 8(. Brlao to CaD»1<!, p. 2 

■ - - - -- - -jtMalo, p, "" 

i. TTtt San«, 

r. TAs ffm' , _ . . 

i. IfOp of Bat!tr<i Fra^a (Ct«lr 

II itorMhm, p. XI. 

- - .383. 

I Foiga Mti., from tbe Bchueeberg to tba Ool do Bonb 

). 7Ai Bonbon Tcigv MU., from Fralis to OlrODUgur, p. SW. 

1. Tht Euvimu nf Oirardmir, p. 833. 

i. Map of SbtI/i- IFHiirn Prama, after Ihe Index. 

). Baltaat Map ef Frana, at ths end of the book. 

FIuii of Towm. 

Pagel Pi 

!ieU. CMhm-nr- 

336 Mann 1 

389 15. Ohgrlra . ... 1 
378 16. mirSSSrg ... 1 

3. Trauu . 

a. slr^Duc '. . . 

6. aetriirt sfalisrstjm i n. 

T. Baaocon. ... 31D 19. i>;n»> '. S. 


. 2^ 

Si. QuFQllfl. 


I. Laagoftge. Kose/. ExpenMi. SeMoa. Pmuporti. 
Onitom Home. OotToi. 

Lanoiuob.' a slight icqaslntaDce with Fiancli is indispensabls 
foithoBBwbadeBiieto explore the more lemote districts of Northem 
France, bat t«UTist« who do not deiie(« from the beeUn tteck will 
generelly flod English spoken at the principal hotels and the nsuel 
resorts o( strangers. If, bowoTer, the; ate entirely ignorant of the 
French langaaga , the; most be prepared occasionally to suhmlt to 
the extortions practised by portsTS, cab-driTers, and others of a like 
class, which eten the dsta famished by tbe Handbook-r^wUl not 
always enable tbem to avoid. 

HonET. The decimal Monetary System of France is extremely 
conTenient in keeping acconnts. The Banqne de France issnei 
BanknoUi of 5000, lOOO, 600, 200, 100, and 50 francs, and these 
are the only banknotes cnrrent in tbe country. The French Qold 
coins are of the value of 100, 60, 20, 10, and 5 A'anca; SUoer coins 
of fi, 3, i, Y^, and '/s &anc; Bronit of 10, 5, 2, and 1 centime 
(100 centimes = I franc). 'Sou' is the old name, still in common 
Qse, for 6 centimes; thus, a 6-fianc piece Is soEoedmes called 'une 
place de cent sobs', 2 fr. = 40 sous, 1 fr. = 20 sons, Vi fi- ™ 
10 sons. Italian, Belgian, Swiss, and Itonmanlan gold coins are rs- 
ceWed at their full value, and the Austrian gold pieces of S and 16 
Clowns are worth exactly 10 and 20 fr. respectively. Belgian, Swiss, 
and Oieek silver coins (except Swiss coins with the aeatad figure of 
Helvetia] are alaocnrrent at i^U value; but Italian sUver coins, with 
the exception of the 5-lira pieces, shonld be refused. The stranger 
shonid also be on his guard agdnst connteifelt eilvei coins, and 
should refuse obsolete coins inch as those with heads of Louis Phi- 
lippe or ot Napoleon without the laurel wreath. The only foreign 
copper coins cnrrent in France are those of Italy and occasionally 
the English penny and haU|ienny, which nearly correspond to the 10 
and 6 centime piece respectively. 

English banknotes and gold are also generally received at the 
full value in the larger towns. The table at the beginning of the 
book shows the comparative value of the Flench, English, American, 


tnd Qeimui cunenclee, wben it par, CfrcuZor Hala ot Lttttrt of 
Credit, obtiiDable at tlia principul EngllBh >nd Ameiictn buiks, ue 
the most convetdeat foim (or the transport of large anms; and their 
value, if loet or etoleu, it recoverable. 

The trafeller should alwaya be provided vlth imall change 
(fttUe monnoic;, fat the pnipose of gtstaiUei, etc. 

EzFBNBEB. The expense of a tour InMortherDFraDcedepend* of 
coarse on the tastes and habits of the tttTdler) bat it may be stated 
generally that traveUlng in Frence Is D<rt more eipensive than in 
most other countries of Eoiope. ThesedestritLn of moderate reqaite- 
ments, who is tolerably profleient in the language and ayoids the 
beaten track as much as possible, may limit his eipenditure to 
10-12 fr. per diem, while those who prefer driving to walking, cbooee 
the dearest hotels, and employ the services of guidas and commis- 
sionnatres must be prepared to spend at least 20-30 ft. daily. Two 
or three gentlemen travelling together will be able to Journey more 
economically than a solitary tourist, bat the presence of ladies 
generally adds to the espenses of the party. 

Sbaboh. Host of the districts described in this Handbook may 
be viiited at any part of the year, but winter is, of course, the least 
pleasant season, while spring and antumn are on the whole prefer- 
able to snmmei, especially ishen a large proportion of the tra- 
veller's time is spent in the cities and larger towns. The bathing- 
season at the watering-places on the N. coast generallyl asts ftom 
June to September. Excursions in the elevated region of tbe 
Vosges are not possible, or at least pleasant, except in summer. 

PAssFonte are now dispensed with in France, but they are often 
asehll in proving the traveller's identity, procuring admission to 
museums on days when they are not open to the public, obtaining 
delivery of registered letters, etc. Pedestrians in a remote district 
will often find that a passport spares them much inconvenience 
and delay. 

Pwiports mar be obtaiaed direcl from Ibe Koreign OCBea {let'ii,'), or 

.. . „ „_,.. „. o.,. ™ f ^j 8t,_ Charing (jro«8 (fee it.); Bui; 

I. Coot * Bom, Ludgite Cireas (fee ?- 
Ubaw'i Unldes'), tH Fleet 3t. (dee bi 

Sketching, photographing, or making notes near fortified places 
sometimes exposes innocent travellers to disagreeable luspleioaa or 
worse, and should therefore be avoided. 

Cns'T^u House. In order to prevent the risk of unpleasant de- 
tention at tbe 'doaane' or custom-house, travellers are strongly re- 
commended to avoid carrying with them any articles that are not 
absolutely necessary. Cigars, tobacco, and matches are chieSy sought 
for by the custom-house officers. Tbe duty on cigars amounts to 
about 13i.,0D tobacco to6-10s. per lb. Articles liable to duty should 
always be 'declared'. Books and newspapers occasionally give rise to 


■oBpldon knd in>7 tn cerUla cues be conflscKted. Tbe extmlnalion 
of Ingg&gc genaiallr t&kes pUce it the ftontler-et&tions, uidtisTelleiB 
Bhoold raperlntand it Id peison. Luggage legtBteied to Puis it 
STaniinad on anlv&l theie. 

Oormoi. At tbe sntnnce to the luget towoa to 'Octroi*, ot miml- 
eipU tax, is leTied on ill eonenltilei, bat ti&Tilleii' laggsga 1b nni- 
all; passed on a simple declaiation that It contalDS do snch tTtteles. 
Tha offldala aie, bowefei, eDtitled to ses ths laceipts toi arttclec 
liable to duty at the bontlei. 

n. KovtM to northern Ftabm. 

The qnitlBSt and easleet rontes from England to Horthern Ftanee 
ue ofFered b; the eipieia thiongh'SeiTlceB from London to Fatla 
(see below). Tbe itetmen on tbe otlier routes, which are on the 
-wbole cheapei and maf be more conienlerit f^i some travellett, 
vlU generally be fonnd fairly comfortabla. Partlcalan ss to the dayi 
aad houn of ataitlog, which are liable to vary, may be foond in 
Bradilutw'i Qmtinental Sailviay Ouidt (monthly; 2<.). Most tIb- 
iloiB to Fiance bom tbe United States will probably traTel ^a Eng- 
land, but those who prafec to proceed diieot bave oppoitanitlei by 
the weekly steamers of tbe Compagnie OiniraU TrantaiUmtbfut from 
NOTf York to Le Havre, the weekly atearoers Qf the Hamfivrf-AmtrUait 
Line sod tbe Sorideutirher Lloyd from IfewTork to Oherbonrg, the 
weekly iteamen of the HoUand'Amtrriean Xtne from New York to 
Baidogne, the monthly Bteamer* of the Chargmn Biunli from New 
(Mean* to Le Hsne, etc 

a. I>rn» BautM tnm Lsadon to Pafia. 
Til DOTU iHD Ouus. Einrcu tbrice daUy, ilartlag tKim 'T'«'<" t 
OtOH, OannciB Slnet. Victoria, Bolborn Viadacl, and 8t Paol'i ItsUeiu, 
in Ti/rlOhri,{ Ikrea 31. i6i. 8d., If. 191. id., and It. la. id. (3rd il, by 

in Tl/rlOhri.{ Ikrea 31. i6i. 8d., If. 191. 
idghl lervlcc only), retDm-tlckcta, valid 
9(. lOd., aad 21. Dj.«d. — Fnm Lowkm 

„. . _ -. - - -. - .- Calal,, Si hrt- forea 11 

ad., U. ti. TA, 1^ M. — J^Mi Dora- le Calait, IVi-i'A br., faiaj la 
8.. M. "— / / . 

Vil FoLmioBi - - .-..._. 

Sa.M., nlnrD-UekBU, vaUd ftr a monlh, 'k 7.. __ ., _.. _.. ,_. 

fWn LoKdm It BBuioiai, 3V<-1V< bn., tiift il. iSi. 9d., il. Oi. lOd., IZi. 
Bd. ~ From Fultalnai to Bou!o?w, I'M hn., fare* Bj. M., Tj. Bd. 

Til Smsaroi akd Dikffx. STprtH Iwics daily frou Tletoria aad 
LoudOD BrUge atatlooa ia B-IO bn.i facsi S8j. ^d., SSt., IBi. 7d. ^id d. 
byliUbt lerrlca mlj), relurn-tlckel*, valid fat a monlb, Bl. St. Gd., 21. 
Si. id., li. I3i. Sd. — Frim ZondM Is Diippt, S'lM, bn., fares II. St: Id., 
SOf,, 111. M. — rrm JTwAoHK Id JHippt, S'Iri'/t bra., ttra ibi. Sd., 

Vil SooTBaxTiOH aSD Lb Havn. Eipreu rroin Waterloo ilatioa 
(d^y, sicept Bon.), In iii/rltTin., thna il. 13t. 10d„ II. li. lOd. (no SM 
d.), niDFn-Hektitt, talM foi a mostb, 31. 16i. Sd., SI. CU. B>1 — A-m 
iMdM «i £a Bmn. 1013 Im,, 11. Si. 4d., 11. Oi. lOd. — From BnuAaapltn 
la U Hatn, T-gbrs., tm* i3(., ITi. 


b. Otbar SoBtM. 

Fhoh SiyiBiits TO CtMf vtl ODiBTBBHiB, ■tcunsr thrieB wsaklT la 
hM. 1 tata sboiil i5«. 6d„ 8.. W. - From Londoji to Com, UVria'/t hM,, 
MI 2Si., 3I>., 13t. rctdn-ticket 3Si., Sit.. 30m. 

„ a „. j,,j^g^ iteunor eyMT Mon., Wed., * Fiid. 

.- .- in., Wed., * Frid. ¥ixa TSi. iOi., ill. iOd., 

, !tiU tor two montliB, Se>. 94.. %. Bd. Fuei fromLoDdon 

to St. KatD Sb. lOd., SSi. lOd.. return licketg 031. 6d., ill. %f. 

FKmSopiHiiirtos TO Ciubbodbo, every Tiiei., Thun., * 8it, In 7 hn., 
nlurnlDg every Hon., Wed., <b Frld. Firea 30s. lOd., lit. lOd., relun- 
tlckela, valid for two monihi, 31i. 8d., 'iii.eil.: from Loodan to Cherbouv, 
BOt. Id,, 2CU. lOd., return- tlckeU iBi. 8d., Sli. Sd. 

FnoM Jeuki to St. Kiio (3 In.), e.erj Wed. t Frlfl, (retnmli« 
every Wed. & Sat.), and to Qiiavji.n IH'la hn.). eTery Hon. A Thui». 
(returning every Tued. * TUnra,). Fares to St. Italo St. lOd., fii. lOd., te- 
lum-liOLetti, valid for a moatti, 13i. Sd.. 9m. 3d.; id QranvlUe St., fi>., re- 
tnm-tickBls, U>.. Ti. Bd.; from London to Granville 3Cu., 26i., return- 
Uelc-ti B2>., SBi. 6d. Ibe Channel Islands (Jeraey) are reached by dallf 
•(tamer from auuthanipion or from Weymoulb. 

FnuH LoiTDoH TO BoDLooei niBECT. BrHBtU SamiMp Co., thdee 
ITMkly in 9.10 hn. (g hu.' river paBU«e)i tare lOi., return ITi. lOd. — 
Stu Palaci SUamtri Ca„ weekly during the eaaion , return faiei 14i., llj. Sd. 

To Ddkkibi. SieBmsrs every few days from lendsn rWappini) In 
10-13 brs. (fare lOi., Teturn ISi.); everj vreek from Z««(A (SU(., relum 5Ui.) 
and from EM (about 31brg.)| and every forinighi Troin LH^pool. 

Sicamen alao lail a< Interrali of a week or longer from Limrptsl U 
1a Bavs; from Hiptrpoai to La RozheUt; from Qooit to Boulogne; from 
ffOA (0 CalaU; etc. (aee 'Bradihaw'). 

nL Plan of Tout. 
The tr&TelleT Is Gtrongly Tecoinmended to skatch oat a plan 
of hia torn in adranca , u this, efeii thongb not rlgidl; adheitd 
to, will be foand of tlie greateal use In siding hlia to regolate hia 
movemente, to economise his time, and to guard against oTerloolc- 
Ing any place of inteiest. English and American tonrists aie apt to 
eonflne their interest In M. France to the distdcta thioogh which 
they are whirled by the eipress-tiains from the N. aeaportslo Parti; 
bat the more ieisuiely traietler will find much to arrest his atten- 
tion and employ his time pleasantly in yaiious parts of the conntry 
coming within the scope of this Handbook. Thoagh N. Franca la 
lass richly gifted with natural beaaty than those parts of the conntry 
which border on the Alps or the Pyrenees, it still affords much 
attractive scenery in Normandy, Brittany, the vaUay of the Seine, 
the Yosges, and the Ardennes. On the other hand it is extremely 
rich in archiCectnral monuments of the greatest importance, con- 
taining an nnpiralleled leries of magnificent Qothic churches at 
Bmien, Amieni, Btauvais, Catn, Oiartra, Tours, Rhrimi, Bowgti, 
Orltnru, Troyei, and Loon, while the Romanesque style is well illus- 
trated in the abbey-churcbes of Cam and in many smaller eiamplet. 
The ancient Abbey of Ment 5l. Michel la, perhaps, the most pictur- 
eiqae edifice in France. Among secular ediflcee may be mentlaned 
thamagnificeutPaialede Jnetice at SotKfi, the Renaisaauce chateaux 
of £lo(9, Oiambord, and others in Tonralne, the medlntal castles of 

m. PLAN OF TOUR. it 

PUrrefondi, Coaey, CkSteau QaiUord, &nd Ramburei, the msneioa 
of Jicqae« Cceoi tt Saurgts, and the qu&int old houses of Haieux, 
Rotien, etc The ut collectiDiie of Lillt aie woithy of a giest capital, 
■ad those of Douat, Caen, Valtncitnnes, Btnnts, Nantes, Dijon, 
and Be»an(on are also of considerahle value. The busy comiaeiclsl 
barbODt of Le Havre uid the mllit&iy ports of Cherbourg and Breil 
deseive a vielt, white Nancy, the ancient capital of Lonaiae, has a 
special inteiest for the histoiical Btndent. Lastly, meation must be 
made of the irapasing megalithic antiqnlties of Carnac. 

The following short itineraries giie an idea of the time leqnired 
Ibi a listt to the most attracQie points. Paris la taken as the starting- 
point in each case, but the toDrist starting ftom London will find no 
difficult; in adapting the anangement to his requirements by begin- 
ning at tbe places most easily teacliedfioiii England. An early etart is 
Bupposedto be madeeachmoining, but nonight-travellingis assumed. 
The Tarions tours gi«en below are arranged so that they may be 
combined into one comprebensiTetouioftwo mondis (camp. Haps). 
The tourist should carefully consult the railway time-tables in order 
to gaaid against detention at uninteresdug junctions. 

a. A We«k in TInar'r ■>' Artsta. q,,, 

From Paris (o BtaiHaU and Amiau (RB. 3, 1, S) l-lVt 

From Amieoi lo Arrat and Dovai (R. S) 1 

From Doaal Id Valnetinma and Lillt (B. 11) Vlri 

From Ulle to Bt. Onur and Calait CRR. 11, 1) 1 

From Calaia to Bovlaeiu and Abbnilli (B. 1) 1 

From AblmllU back to Paris (B. 1), or lo Diippi (B. 8) to 

flonnefit wltta the following lour ......--.....- 1 

b. Thres Taeka In Konnandr axd Biiltanr. d„, 

From Paria to Romm {or from London to IHeppt and Rmau, E. A) 

and at Bonen (R. 6) 11^ 

Ftom Boaen lo Li Sam (B. fl) i 

From Caen to Boftuj: and Bhirbintrt (B. 21) i-li^ 

From Coutaneei lo Avranchu and Brairilll (BE." 24,31) .' .' .' .' l-l'/t 

From Aviuicbei id JTddi Si. MkIuI and El. Malt (B. 30) . . . l-l'/i 

From SI. tfalo lo Bt. Britae and CMnganip (B. SO) 1 

From Qiilngamp to iforlaif and Bral (B. 29) 1 

From Brut lo Qtrimptr (E7 81) i 

From Qnlmper 10 Vamm (B. 31) 1 

From Vannes to Simlti [B. 31) i 

From y«nie< lo Ai^iri (B. 31) i 

From Angers to Li Ifam (B. 31) 1 

Fiom Le Hang to Chartm and ParU (B. 35 . 1-3 

g. A Fortnlfht la tba Orlaaniti, Touralne, Bnry, 

Hlvemai., and Bo^ndy. Da„ 

From Paril lo OrlAnu and Bleit (B. 36) , 1-1'fc 

From Blots to Otomiwd (E. 38) L..lJkJ»|i- 1 

From Bloll lo AmtolH and Tmiri (R. 38) ' ^ 1-1'A 


'Bvargu CB- si) . , 

Bzcar^au froB^onn to OMmim uuj Loeliujja. B6J . . - . 1>M 

Fro™ Boargea to Xmn (E. 63) 

From NsTsn to Aalum {E. fiT) 1 

Fniin Anton to IHJim (E. OT) 1 

Bieurdon from I>ljon to Bumtm (B. 19) 1 

From Dijon to AKom and ami (BEL U, ill i-l>ft 

From Seni to fMlalMbltm ud Puii (BE. SI, IB) ... . j_. 1 

i. AFortnlghtln Ohampa^a and Lomtnoftb* ToiiM]. 

From FUrU to Tnta (E.10) 1 

From Troraa to (SiaumaU and Lmtgrn (^ Iff) t 

From Laa«CM to Blfiirt and Baamoit (BE. W, Iffl l-ll£ 

From Buan(on, lii Belfort, Lure, and AUleiilUrf, to Jtom- 

MiTd (EK. IB, SB, i8) 1 

From Flomblirai to BaUrtmomt and Buuamr (U. Manrttti 

BB, 18, 18) 1 

Ucsnl oi th« waUchi Bilclim (B. 18) Ik.1 

FroiD St. Mauries to Epteaf and (Tfrardnur tB. U> l-Vh 

From a^nrdmer to tha AcAIuoU and il*AiMet (B. U) 1 

From O^rardmer to at. DU, Ltmiriilt, aod Stmet (BE. U, 16) l-j<fa 

From Hsncj to Toul acd CMlnu-iiH-JCDrH (B, 19) 1 

From diUoDI to EvtnHf (or «(. Sila<r<-au-raivl() and AWmi 

tB.e) 1-3 

From BbBlml to Loam or fidiHiH (B. iB) 1 

From LaoD to BeUiau and Farit (K. U), or from SoIhdiu to 

Lam, Ttrgnitr, and .Jnriau, to coonect with Route a. (BE. 1 8,1) l-l'/i 

Tbe ptdeitrlan is anqDegttoQa'bly the mott ind«pend«Dt ar biST- 
ellsrs, and to him &lone the beautlM acener; of some of the moi« 
Tamote districts Ig acceasihle. for a short tcni a couple of flannel 
■hirtt, a pail of worsted elocilnge, slippeis, the tirUcSes oftbe toilette, 
a light waterproof, and a stout umbrells will generally he found a 
snfBcient eqoipmeDt Strong and well-tried boots are «9seatlU to 
comfort. Heavy and complicsted knapascks should he avoided; a 
light pouch or gsme-bBg is fti less irkaome, and Its position may 
be shifted at pleaaure. A more eitensive resmre of clothing should 
not exceed the limits of a imsll poTtmanteati, which can be easUy 
wielded, and may be foiwatded from town to town by laiL 

IT. Sailwkyl. Pabllo GonTeyBJiDM. 

The dlstdcts treated in Oia Handbook are served mainly by the 
linea of the Nofd, En, Oattt, ParU-Lyon-MitUttrrmU, and OrUan* 
railways, KOd to a smaller eitant by the QovemmeDt lines (Btltau 
de VEtat), 

Tbe fares pet English mil^ are approximately: 1st d. 18 c, 
Sod c1. 12 c, 3rd cL 8 c, to which a uz of ten per cent on eai± 
ticket costing more than 10 tt. is added. Tha prices given in oni 
lonte-beidings include tills tax. Tba nail trains f^trahu rapidu') 
ganerally convey flrat-claaa passengers only, and the express trains 
^'trnini txprtii') flrst-clasa and second-cUsa only. The llrat clasa 
carriages are good, bnt tbe aecond'Clssa are often poor and the 

VI. RAILWATfS. ivii 

third-clasB ou the Noid and Ouest lines ue luely furniehed with 
cnduoned Beats. Oeneiklly B^isskiug, bowevBi, the lolling-sCack has 
been considerably improved within recent years ; and coirldoc-coacbes 
fooUuira ^ couloir) are found in some traiae. In wintai all the 
csiriages are heated. The bains aie generally provided with smoking 
cariiagBB, and in the others smoking is allowed unless any one of 
the paesengeiB objects. Ladies' compartmenia are also piovided. 
The trains imarlably pass each other on the left, bo that the ttaveller 
can always tell which side of a station bla train starts A:om. The 
speed of the espresS'trainB is about 35-45 M, par hour, but that of 
the ordinary trains is very mncb less. 

Before starting, traTellers are generally cooped tip in the close 
and dusty waiting-rooms, and are not admitted to the platform unUI 
the train is ready to receive them ; not U any one admitted to the 
station to take leave of ftiends without a platform -ticket (10 c], 
which may usually bo obtained from the ticket- checker. Tickets 
for intermediate stations are usually collected at the 'sortia'; those 
for termini, before the station is entered. Travellers wltMn France 
are allowed 30kilogrammea(66Engl.lbs.J of luggage free of charge; 
those who are bound for foreign coDntries are allowed 26 kilogr. only 
(66 lbs,); 10 c. Is charged tor booking. On the Belgian, Swiss, and 
Alsatian lines all luggage In the van must be paid for. In all cases 
the heavier Inggage mult be booked, and a ticket procured for itj 
this being done, the traveller need not enquire after his 'impedi- 
menta' until he arrives and presents his ticket at his final destination 
(where they vriU be kept in safe custody, several days usuaUy gratis). 
Where, however, a frontier has to be croeaed, the traveller should 
see his luggage cleared at the custom-house in person. At most of 
the railway-stations there is a eomigne, or left-luggage offlce, where 
a charge of 10 c. per day is made for one or two packages, and 6 c. 
per day for each additional article. Where there is no coniignt, the 
employes vrill generally take care of luggage for a trifling fee. It Is 
usual to give the railway-porters (facleun) a few sous for their ser- 
vices. — It^erpreiai are found at most of the large stations. 

Dog Ticltit cost 30 a. for 30 kilomHres (IS'/a M.) or less, and 
5 c. for each additional 3 kll. (l^/j M.), with 10 c, for booking. 

There are no Eefrulmunf Boom, (BufftU) eice;t al the prindpal 
9t»tloDS; and u tbe viandi are eeoec&lly indiSerent, tbe chugu high, 
and the itt^pagea brief, the traveller is advised lo provide hlmlelt be- 
aoTBhand witb the nccestarv Boatenaooe and coniiuue it at bit Islanre in 

of the bQlletB for S-1 tt. 

aUtpUif CarritK/uCWagimi-IAU) are provided un all the main lines, and 
the 'Gompunie Interaadonale deg WBgons-Llts' hu an offioe at Paris (Place 
dorOp^ra 31, JMMu Cart (Wasaii-Rltati''aaU) are alio ran In the chief 
day eipretaes (dSj. S/i, D. i-B fr.)i 3nd cl, dming-cari on the Le Havre 
and LeHant lines (d^j. 3</i, D. Si/ifr.). Wine is eitrafhalf-a-battla, 1 fr.). 

HMwi and ComtMi may be hired at the chief stationi (i fr.)- 

The most trustworthy Information as lo the departure of trmins 
is contained in Qib Indicatan dt> Oianina dtFer, published weekly, 

BaKDixu'i NoTtbeui Fruice. *lh Edit. b 

iviii IV. KAILWATS. 

and Eold at all tbe stations (76 c). There ue alEo sepsmte and less 
1>u]ky time-tables C^tonti Chaix'} foi the different lines: du Moid, 
de I'Est, de rOnest, etc. (60 c.)- 

Rulway-time is always tbat of Paris, bat the cloclcB in the iu- 
terioT of (he statlona, b; which the trsina start, are purposely kept 
fl?e minutes slow. Belgian (Greenwich or West Europe) railway 
time is 4min. behind, and 'HldEniope' time (for Germany, Switker- 
land, and Italy) 66 min. in advaace of French rallway-tiaie. 

Return-tickets (BUUU d'alUr et rttour) aie iseiTed by all the 
railway-coropanies at a reduction of 20-26 per cent or even more. 
The Icngtli of lime for which these tickets are available vary with 
the distance and with the company by which they are issued; those 
Issued on Sat and on the O'es of great festivals are avattable for 
three days or foi fbur days if Hon. be a festiral. The recognised 
festivals are New Year's Day, Easter Monday, Ascension Day, Whit- 
Monday, tlie 'Fete Nationale' (July 14th), the Assumption (Anf, 
15th), All Saints' Day (Nov. 1st), and Cbiistmaa Day. 

Excunion Traint ('Traim de Ftaliir' }sboMlA is a rule be avoided, 
as the cheapness of their fares is more than conntetbalanced by the 
discomforts of their accommodation. 

Circular Tour Tickets CBUleli de Voyages CiTctdairet') are of 
two kinds, vit. 'h itmiTaires fixes' (routes arranged by the railway 
compauy), and 'Q itmiraires facuUatifa' (routes arranged to meet 
the wishes of individual tcavellers). The former will afl«o be found 
convenient as they are issued at reduced fares, with liberal arrange- 
ments as to breaking the journey, but they are not usually granted 
to third-class passengers. The latter, (bough Issjied for all three 
classes, are now subject to a variety of conditions which practically 
cancel the ostensible advantages, eicept in the case of journeys of 
considerable leug(h. Tourists, before purchasini; one of these 'facul- 
tatif ticked, should carefully study the explanatory sections in the 
'Indicateui', or apply for information to a tourist-agent or other 
authority. Holders of such (ic)<e(B must present themselves at the 
ticket-office of the original starting-place and of every station where 
the journey is broken and apply for an ordinary ticket in addition. 

rttiAareattirt): booklnn-uffice, fc s'aicM or iurMK; ftrst, lerand, or turd 

d( Calaii. 

Fnbllo CenveyMiees. The old French Diiigeneei, with their 
GoupS, rumble, and inside places a( varying prices, have now been 

V. CYCLING. lii 

aJmoet superseded by Omnibufu, equally comfoitleES vehiclsB, in 
which, howBTer, theie ts no dlsdncUon of fates. Se>ta ate assigned 
io ordet of ftppllcatioa and should be booked in adiance if posBlble. 
The firODt (Ban^utUtJ oi outside places (Impiriaie) are piefetable in 
flue weather. Vehicles which run in connection with the rallwayg 
ha<e a fixed Isriff, but in other cases the fare should be aeceitained 
beforehand. — Hoitl Omnibuita, see p. ixi. 

Hired Coiriagai ( Foituna de Lonage) ma; be obtained at all the 
principal reeorts of tourists at cbarges Tarying l^om 12 to 20 tr. per 
day for a singla-borso vehicle and from 2G to 30 fl:. for a curiage- 
and-pair, with a fottrboirt to the driver of i-2fr. The hirers almost 
iniariably demand more at fliet than they ate irilUne to take, and a 
distinct undorstandin; should always be come to beforehand. A. 
day's Journey is reckoned at about 30 M., with a test of 2-3 hrs. at 
midday. — Saddtt Horiei, Aseei, and MuUi may alto be hired. 

T. Oyoling, 

OjolinK is a popular amuBoment in France, and the cyolial's 
wants are BTorywhere fairly woil provided for. CyolletB entering 
France with their machines must obtain from the customs-agent a 
cycle-permit (60 c.}, which must be catried on the person and pro- 
dnned whenavet required. If, however, the oyclisf remains roora than 
three oonaecntive months In France, he muel apply for an offldat 
metal badge, to be Sxed on the iteering-poat. These badges ar« 
delivered (iree on payment of the neceesary feet and the annnal tai 
(6 fr.}. Each cyde most have a badge for each seat, and mutt, 
moreover, be fnrnlthed with a lamp and a bell or horn. Motor-cycles 
pay double tax. 

Cyclists in France will find it. advantageons to join the Touring 
C(u5d«JVanc«{10 Place de la Bourte, Paris), the annual aubtcriptton 
to which ia 6 fr. (4;.), including a copy of the montbly QacelU. The 
club publishes an Annuaire (1 fr.}, with a list of cyclists' hotels, 
repairers, representatives, etc., and alto a series of /tineroriM (p c 
eac-i). Members of the British Cyctitts'. Touring Club (47 Victoria St., 
London, S.W.) also enjoy special privileges. Haps, aae p. ixxvi. 

HotoTing enjoys an enormoui vogue in France, principally 
owing to the absence oCpolice restrictions and to the excellent roads. 
On enlerihg the country .the duty on motw-cara must be depoaited 
(160 Tr. per 100 kg. for cars weighing not more than 125 lig.; 
60 fr. per 100 kg. for cars above that] weight); but the amonnt paid 
is refunded without reduction when the country ia quitted. Permits 
are issued for 12 months. 

Oyctista and Eootorista shoLld remember that the rule of the road 
in France ts the reverae of that in England : keep to the right on 
meeting, to the left In overtaking another vehicle. 


71. Hottli, BHtannuiti, and CtJi». 

HoUU. HatelB of the higlieBt ctue, fitted ap with erer; modern 
ROHTenience, ue foond only In the Uigei towni mi in the mOTB 
fuhionable vstering-placet, where the Influx of Tlitton ii frett. In 
Other places the inns geneially letain theii primitiTe piovinciel 
characteiiatics , which might prove lathei an attraction than other- 
wise were it not for the shunef ul defectivenege of the eaDltar; ar- 
rangements. The beds, however, are generally clean, and the cniaine 
tolerable. It is tberefoTe advisable to freqnent none but the leadias 
hotele in places oft the beaten track of tourists, and to avoid being 
misled by the appellation of OraDd-H6tel', which is often appHed to 
the most ordiaaiy inne. Soap is seldom or never provided. 

The charges of provincial hotels are usually somewhat lower than 
at Paris, but at many of the largest modem establishments the tariff 
is drawn up on q^uite a Parisian scale. Lights are not generally 
charged for, and attendance is often included in the price of the 
bedroom. It is prudedt, though not absolntsly necessary, to enquire 
the charges iu advance. The following are the average charges: 
room I'/r^ fi^M breakfast or 'premier dejeuner', consisting of 'caftf 
an lait', with bread and butter, l-l'/i St.; luncheon or 'second 
diJJeaner', taken about li ajn., 2-3 ft. ; dinner, usually about 6 p.m^ 
2V;-4 b. Wine, beer, or cider (the ordinary beverage of Normandy 
and Brittany} is generally included in the diarge for dinner, eice{>t 
in a few towns in the notth-west. Beer is not oflen met with at 
table d'hSte except in the second-class hotels of such towns as Bou- 
logne and Le Havre. The second dejeuner will probably be regarded 
as superfluous by most English and American travellers, especially 
LIS it occupies a considerable time during the best part of the day. 
A slight luncheon at a caff, which may be had at any hour, will be 
found far more convenient and expeditions. Attendance on the table 
d'h6te is not compulsory, bnt the charge for rooms is often raised if 
meals are not taken in the house, and the visitor will scarcely obtain 
so good a dinner in a restaurant for the same price. In many hoteU 
visitors are received 'en pension' at a charge of 6-7 tr. pet day and 
upwards fpremier d^euner extra). The usual fee foi attendance at 
hotels is 1 fr. per day, if no charge is made in the bill; if service 
is charged, 60 c. a day in addition is generally expected. 

When the traveller remains for a week or more at a hotel, it is 
advisatile to pay, or at least call for the account, every two or three 
days, in order that erroneous Insertions may be at once detected. 
Verbal reckonings are objectianable, except in some of the more 
remote and primitive disbicis where bills are never written. A 
waiter's mental arithmetic le faulty, and the faults are seldom in 
favour of the traveller, A habit t«o often prevails of presenting the 
bill at the last moment, when mistakes or wilful Imposltiona cannot 
easily be detected or rectified. Those who intend starting early in 


the moining should thutfoie aak for thefi bUte on the pi«Tio<<i 

Engliah ti»TeU«n often Impoee conildeTkble tronble b; oideting 
thlaga almOBt unknown in French usage; and if Ignoiioce of the 
Ungaige be iddad to want of coDtOimity to the euatoms, misnndei- 
(tandings and di«patei *ie apt to ensue. The leadet Is tberefoie 
Tecomraended to endaaToui to adapt his lequiiements to the habita 
of the country, and to acqulis it possible such a moderate proBcienc; 
in the language u to tender himself inteUigible to the seivaDts. 

ArtlcUi of Vaiat should never be kept in the draweis or cup- 
boatds at hoide. The da'tellet's own tiank 1» pTobabl;s«feT; bat it 
ia better to entrust them to the landlord, from whom a receipt 
should be required, ot to tend them to a banker. Doors should be 
locked at night. 

TraTsllera who are not fastidious as to their table-campaniona 
will often find ui excellent cuisine, combined with moderate charges, 
at the hotels treqaented by commercial tra*eUerB (voyageuTt dt catn- 
mtrtt, commit-voyagairi). 

Many hotels send 0Tni>l6u«ei to meet the trains, for the use of 
which i/j-l ^- <■ ■^llarged in the bilL Before taking their seats in 
one of these, travellers who are not encumbeted with luggage should 
ucertsln bow fat off the hotel Is, as the pOMcesion of an omnlbun 
by no means necessarily Implies long dlBt&nce from the station. Ha 
ehonld also find out whether the omnibus will start immediately 
without waiting for another train. 

BattaiETuiti. Except in the largest towns, there are few pro- 
vincial restaorants in France worthy of recommendation to lourlils. 
This, howeTer, is of little importance, as travellera may always join 
the table d'h6te meala at hotels, even though not staying in the 
house. He may also dine h la carU, though not so advantageously, 
in which case he ahould note the prices beforehand. The refresh' 
ment-Tooms at lellway-etations should be avoided If possible (comp. 
p. iTll) ; there is often a restaurant or a small hotel adjoining ths 
station where a batter and cheaper meal may be obtained. 

OUia. The Cb/'i ii as characteristic a feature of French pro- 
vincial as of Parisian life and resembles its metropolitan prototype 
In most rMpects. It is a favourite resort in the evening, when people 
taquent the caf^ to meet their friende, read the newspapers, or play 
at cards or billiards. Ladies may viait the better-class caf^a without 
dread, at least during the day. The rerreahmenta, consisting of coffee, 
tea, beer. Cognac, liqaenti, cooling drinks of various kinds {sorbet, 
orgeat, liro]) de grottlUe or dt framboiie, stc.), and ices, are gen- 
erally good of their kind, and the prices are reasonable. 

vn. Fablie BBildingt tmi Colleotioni. 

The OnnBOBBS, especially the more important, are open the whole 

day; but, aa divine service is usually performed in (he morning and 

nil Vm. POST OFFICE. ■ 

■Tflning, the tiavcllsT Till And tbe mlddlB of the iij ot the after- 
nooQ the most favourable time for visiting them. The sttondance of 
the eacrletaa or 'Suisse' i» seldom Deceasary; the usual gTatuttr 
is '/i ^'- Heny of these buildings are under the special protection 
of QoTemment as ' Monumtntt Hhtoriqtiti' , and the Hlnitttra des 
Beaux-Arts has caused molt ol these to be carefolly restored. It la 
perhaps not altogether superffuous to remind vieltorg that they 
should move aboTil in cburchee aa noiselessly as possible to aioid 
distuibing those engaged in private deTotion, and that they should 
keep aloof from attars vbere the clergy are officiating. Otiier inter- 
esting buildings, sneb as palaces, cb&teani, and castles often belong 
to the municlpaltties and are open to the public with little or no 
formality. Foreigners will seldom And any dlfQculty in obtaining 
access to private houses of historic or artistic interest or to the parks 
attached to the mansions of the noblesse. 

Host of the larger provincial towns of France contain a Mvaf.g, 
generally comprising a plctnte-gallery and collections of variona 
kinds. These are generally open to the pnbllc on Sun., and often 
onthors. also, i^om 10 or 12 to 4; bnt strangers are readily admitted 
on other days also for a small pontbolie. The accounts of the col- 
lections given in the Handbook generally follow the order in which 
the rooms are numbered, bnt changes are of very frequent oecut- 

Tin. Poit Euid Telegraph Offioes. 

Post Offloe. Letters (whether 'pottt rtitantt' or to the traveller's 
hotel) should be addressed very distinctly, and the name of the 
department should be added after that of the town. The offices are 
usually open from 7 a.m. in summer, and 8 a.m. in winter, to 9 p.m. 
Poila BeitanU letters may be addressed to any of tbe provincial 
offices. In applying for letters, the written or printed name, and in 
tbe case of legistered letters, tbe passport of tbe addressee should 
always be precanted. It is, however, preferable to desire letters to 
be addressed to the hotel or boarding-house where tbe visitor Intends 
residing. Letter-boxes (BaiUi aux Lettres) are also to be found at 
the railway-stations and at many public buildings, and stamps 
(limbrei-poiU) may be purchased in all tobacconists' sbops. An ex- 
tract from the postal tariff is given below; more extensive details 
will be found in the Atmanaeh de> Fotta et Tiligraphti. 

Ordi^€trf LtUirt within France, including Ooiifca and Algeria, IB c. 
per lb sitxaiaai prepaid; for counlciei of the Poital VnioB 1^ c. CThe 
flilver franc and the bronze lou emch wefeb 5 fnmmtt; IS giammss, or 
(hree of tbeae coini, are eqnal lo 'h oi. BngliBb.) — Rifiilind LiUtn 
(ktlru TKtmnumdlti and Itflrx chaffial 10 and 3fi c. aitra. 

fDJ* Carit 10 c. c«ch, wilh eard for wlJlj allached, 30 e. 

tte Poilal Union at a otiafKa of 26 c. tor every J8 fr. or fraclion of 36 fr., 
•be nuuimum anin for whieb aa order Is obtainable being SOO tt.% for 
TUl Britain, so c. per 10 ft., maiimnin 363 fr. 

Printti Faptrs (imprtmit loui bande): 1 c. per S grimmea up to tbe 


•rslEht of aO (r.i Bo. lietweeo 30 ud SO S'-< »>0'° ^ S'- S «. Tor «scb 
DO gr. or fncHoo of 60 gi.; K) forcieo camilTiu 6 c. per 00 gi. Tli« 
wnppai miul be eully rsmoTible, ud nusl doI cotsi mon thuD ou- 
thltd of UiB puket. 

i^«li iioleic«ejjji&^lbg. in weiEMmnj be torwarded at ■ moderats 
™te («rer*5^3Sq.l!'i'61n Frj,^, f bert !■ also » psrwl-poil hsWE.ii 
France aSTrariaua fortiin uoiintriea, parcels up to 11 Ibi. bsmi ciiDTe;Bd 
■ I e auifotm rale: v<(. to Oermin;, Belgium, SwiUerlud, 1 tr. lOc.i 
Spain, Italy, 1 tt. 05 e. v 0»at Grllain, Aualrin, NelharUadg, 1 Ir. 60 e. ; etc. 
'Vlitst parcel mual be aenled. All parcels sbould be banded In al tbe rall- 
way-itatian or at the otHeti of tbe parcel -compules, Dot at tbe Jiott-ofhcea. 

TalAgnjai. For the countries at Europe and fot Algeria tele- 
giams M-s charged foi at the (olloiring letes per vord : lot France, 
Algeria, and Tunis 5 c. (minimum charge &0 c] ; Luiembouig, 
Switieiland, and Belgium IS'/j c; Germanj, ISc.j NathorUnde, 
16 c. ; Great Britun, Aaetiia-Hungaiy, Italy, Spain, and Faitugal 
30 c.', Denmark 'MVt c. ; Sweden 28 c; Roumauia, Servia, etc., 
38ViC.: NorvaT36c.; Russia in Europe 40 c.; Qreece 63l/r^7e.j 
Turkey 63 c. i New York ! tt. 25 c; Chicago 1 fc. 56 c. 

Tiitphonie Comnmnieation between the principal towns, etc.; 
enquire at the telegraph-ofScee. 

IX. Weight* und KeMiiiei. 

On USB tinea 1799.) 

Hilliei B 1000 UlogrammeB =±^ 19 ewt 2 qis. 22 lbs. 6 az. 
Kilogramme, unit of waight, = 2Vj lbs. aToltdupois = 

2Vio IbB. troy. 
Quintal ^ 10 myriagiammes ^ 100 kilogrammes ^ 220 Ibe. 
Uectogiamne ('/lo kilogramme) ^ 10 d^cagramtneB ^ 100 gr. 

= 1000 djcigtammee. (100 grammes = S'A oz. ; 15 gr. 
= Vj «■ i 10 gr.=.V3 0..; 7 '/, gr. - '/i o^O 

Myriametre » 10,000 mitres = 6'/; Engl. mUes. 

Kilomitre = 1000 mitres = 6 furlongs = about Vb Engl. mile. 

Hectometre ^ 10 djcameties ^ 100 mitres. 

Mitre, the unit of length, the ten-millionth part of the spbe~ 

rical distance ftom tbe equator to tbe pole = 3,0784 Paris 

feet = 3,281 Engl, feet = 1 yd. 3Va in. 
Dfclmitre ('/lo mitre] =^ 10 centimitres ^ 100 miUiraittes. 

Hectare (square hectomStre) = 100 ares ™ 10,000 sq. mfitros 

= 21;, acres. 
Are (square d^camitre) ^ 100 sq. mitres. 
Declare ^ i/ie "^ '^ ^^ ^- ■(■^''^s. 
Centiaie => '/toa ate ^ 1 aq. mitre. 

Hectolitre m= l/iO cubic mitre = 100 Utres ss 22 gallons. 
Decalitre => '/lOO cuWc mitre = 10 litres = 2'/5 gals. 
Litre, unit of capacity, = 1^/4 pint; 8 litres »= 7 quflit^ 1 


The theimoiaeteT most commonl; ueed in Fiance is the Centi- 
grade ; Rfsnmur'B is mnch Itu common. Tha feezing point on both 
of these is marked 0°, the boiling-point o( the fDimei 100°, of the 
Utter 80°, while Fahrenheit's boiling-point is 212" and his heezing- 
point 32°. To reduce Oendgiade to Fahrenheit, multipl! tbe nambei: 
of degrees above 0° b; 1.8 and add 32 [It below 0" snbbact from 32). 

X. HiitorioU Bketob. 

Keroringiuia. The. histoiy of Fiance, piopeily so called, be- 
gins at the end of the flftb century of the Chiietian eta, when 
Clovis]. (481-511), son o( Oiilderic, liing of the RipuaiUn Franks 
of Toamai, eipelled the Bomans from Noithein Gaul (oa. 406), em- 
braced Christianity, and united all the Franks under his sway. The 
MtToviTigian Cjiruiat;!, which he fonnded and which took its name 
ilom Mtrovtus, the father of Cbildeiic, rapidly degenerated. The 
Prankish state was seieial times divided among different princes 
of tbe line, and this gave rise to long civil wars and finally to a 
deadly rivalry between Aultraaia, the kingdom of the E. Franks, 
and Neuitria, that of the W. Franks. Tbe family of Pepin, heads of 
the 'Leudes' or great vassals of Austrseia and hereditary 'Mayors of 
the Palace', first of Austcasia, and afterwards also of Neustria and 
Burgundy, look advantage of this state of atTairs to selie for them- 
selves tbe supreme power, after Charles Martel had saved the country 
ftom the Saracenic invasion by the great victory of Poitiers (732), 

Carolingi&na. The first king of this dynasty was PRFrN tiie 
Shokt (It Brep, wbo assumed the crown in 762. His son — 

CHAELBMiQNE (768-814), from whom the dynasty is named, 
by bis able administration and hy his victories over the Arabs, 
Lombards, Saions, Avars, etc, founded a vast empire, which, how- 
ever, lasted but little longer than that of Clovis, After the death of 
his son — 

Lours I. [Ee Dibonnairt; 814-840], his realms were divided by 
the Treaty of Verdun (843) between Louii tbe German, who be- 
came Kl[^g of Germany; Lothaire, who got ItaJy, Buignndy, and 
Lotharingia or Lorraine; and — 

Chablbs II, THE Bald (le Cftouue; 840-877), wbo ruled over 
France. He and his three successors, Lottis II. thr Stahhebbe (U 
Bigue; 877-879), Louis III. (879-882), and Cabloman (879-884), 
proved themselves weak and incapable rulers, able neitbei to protect 
their kingdom from the inroads of the Normans nor their regal power 
from eDCTOachments at the hands of the feudal nobles. 

Chablbs III. thb Fat ((e ffros,- 884-867), son of Louis the 
German and himself Emperor of Germany, succeeded Carloman in 
884, but left the care of defending Paris against the Kormans to 
Count Odo or Eudes, Duke of France and Count of Paris, in whose 
favour be was deposed in 887. Odo was the ancestor of the Capetian 
family (see p. iiv). '^Ti.' 


Ohislss IV. (It StmpU; 898-923), sod of Louis le Bftgue, suc- 
ceeded £ud«8 sad icquieaoed in the establiBhrnent of the duchjr ot 
Nofmsndj. Bb al»D «M oveithiovQ by tbe noblee, who put la hia 
place, flTBt, KoBBBT (922-923), brotbei of Eudee, md then Raodi. 
(923-936), Robert'e son-in U«. Three othai CailoTingUiig tben 
boie the titia ot King; Louia IV. (d'Outremer; 936-964), boh of 
Charles the Simple; Lothaibs (961-986) : and Louis V. (le Fai- 
neant; 986-987); but theee monucbs possessed less real power 
than their great subjects Eugh tht Great, son ot Robert, and Hugh 
Cafitt. - 

Oapetituu. Hosa or Hdqobb Cafbt, grand-nephew of Count 
Eades, vaa declared king «f Fiance la 967 and founded the Third 
ox Capttiaa I)yrtaily, which furnished France foi eight centuries 
with an unbroken line of monachs, under whom the country ad- 
vaneed to greatness and Independence. 

RoBSHT n. (U Pitux), 996. 

Hehbi I., 1031. 

PmUF I,, 1060. During the reigns ot these three monarchs 
Ftance saflers from feudal dissenBions and wars with Ibe Dubea of 
Noimsndy. WiUiam, Diikt of Somandy, conquers England, 1066. 
f%t*t Ormadt under Godfrey dt BouiUon, 1096. 

Lonis VL (ie Qros; 1108-37) encourages the growth of the 
Comimma as i check npon the power of the nobles. Suger, abbot 
otSt. Denis, the king's minister. 

LooieVn. (te Jttme; 1137-80) foolishly leaiea his kingdom to 
take part in the BtBond CViMndc (1147), and is further guilty of the 
great political blunder of divorcing Eleanor of Ouienne and Poilou, 
who mairies Henry PlantageBet, afterwards Henry n. ot England, 
taking wUh her as her dowry eztenalTe poBsessions in France. 

Vansr IL {AngrtsU; 1180-1223) undertakes the Third Crutadt, 
in company with Richard Contr-de-Lion, 1189. On his return he at- 
tacks the English posseaslonB in Fiance, oconpies Normandy, Maine, 
and Fottou, and defeats the English, Flemish, and Qermsn troops 
at Bouvtnei in 1214. 

Louis VIU. {U Urm; 1223-26) makes fresh conqueBts in the 
S. of Fiance. 

Lotus JX. (St. Loufi; 1226-70) engages in the Seventh and 
Eit^th Orutadti, the former in Egypt, where he loses the b3,ttle ot 
Maiuourah and is taken prisoner (1249), the latter against Tunis, 
where he dies (1270). 

Philit ni. (I« Mardif 1270-66) acquires Proience by inherit- 

Phiup it. (It Btl, 1286-1314) continnes the struggle with 
England. UttM of Courlrol (1302). Victory of Mom-en-PuetU 
(1304) and oenqnest of Flanders. Financial ombanasments, eiao- 
UoDt, debased coinage, disputes with Boniface VIU., Boppression 
of the order of KnIfhU Ttmplar, and remoyal of the papal seat to 


Avignon. The PwUment, or coort of jnatice, beoamu the central 
machine of governmant, and the Fouvoir PubUc, oi Legtil and Con- 
$tUtUliMal FotetT, grows at the eipenae of the feudal and ecdeil- 
aetical poweia. The Elati-OinSraux , or Ettatei General, are con- 
Toked for the first tlms. 

Louis X. (le Hutht or tht QuaTTtUomi; 1314-16). 

Philip V. {te Long; 1316-'W) and — IV. (U Bet; 1322-26) are able adralnistrabin, but do 
not show so flrm a front towarda the noble* as FhUip IV, With 
Charles IV. the direct line of the Capetiana ende, and the crown 
paaees to hia coualn, Philip of Valoia. 

Honae of VkIoI*. Philip VI. (1328-50) defeats the Flemings 
atCasEel (1328). The 'OuerredeCentAas', oi Bmdred Yean' War 
with England (1337-1453), beginG,ln cODsequenceof the rival pre- 
tenslone aiUing from the second marriage of Eleanor of Oaieniie 
(see p. xxt). Battle of Criey (1346). Edvaid III. of England be- 
comea master of CUaia. 

John II. (te Bon,' 1360-64) is defeated and taken prisonei by 
the EngUsh at PottUn In 1366. Treaty of Britigny (1360), con- 
flrmlng the loaa of the country to the S. of the Loire. 

Chi,bi.B8 v. (K Sage; 1364-80), Battle of Cosberel (1364). 
The English expelled by Bertrand Dnguetelln. 

Chabxbs VI. (1380-1422) becomes Insane in 1392. Defeat of 
the Flemings under ArteTelde at Koibtdb (1382). War with the 
AnuagnacB and Burgundlani. The French nnder the CotutMe 
d'Albrtl defeated by HanryV. of England at Afincourl or At(n«oint 
(1416). Paris occupied by the EnglUh, 1121. 

Chablbs VII, (1422-41). The siege of OrUans raised by Joan 
of Arc (1420). Coronation at Bheima. Joan buned at Roaen u a 
witch (1431). The English expelled from the whole of Fiance ex- 
cept Calais, 

Louis XI, (1461-83) breaks up the Ligut duBlenPublU, which 
hie hasty and ewaeping reforms had called into eilstence. He anb- 
sequently displays gieat«T astuteness, and considers no means un- 
fair that aid him to deal a mortal blow at the feudal system. He 
ettects great things in administrative lefoim and territerial unity, 
and puts Fiance in a condition to aspire to foreign conqoeeta- His 
chief acquisitions are Burgundy, Fiancbe-Gomtj, Artois, and 

Chables VIII, (1483-98) marries Anne of Brittany, vhoie dnchy 
is thereby united with the French crown, and makes a temperary 
conquest of Naplet (1496), on which he has hereditary claims. 

Louis XU. (te Rre du Peaple; 1493-1615), first king of the 
younger branch of the House of Valoia, conquetot of Hitan and (in 
alliance with the Spaniards) of Naples. HsvinK quarrelled with his 
Spanish allies, he Is defeated by them on the OartgUano in l&OS, 
on which occasion Bayard is piesent The League of Oambrat fs 


formed toi tbc pucpose ot expelling the TenelJanB from the mein- 
luid of Italy. The Venellens defeeUd ti Agnadello (1609); but 
the7 succeed in destroying the League, end in forming the Ligitt 
Sainie tat the purpose cf expellini^ the French ttom Italy. They 
defeat the French et Ravenna, 1512. 

FnAHCia I. (1&15-4T), Becond-coasln and aon-in-law of Louie XII., 
defeats the Swiss at MaHgnano, and recovers the Duchy of Milan 
(1615). Four wan with Charles V. for the possession of Burgundy 
and Uilan. Fiancis defeated and taken priBoner at Favia (1526). 
Fiancls encoarages art. The absolate power of the throne incieesea. 

Henri II (1547-69), hushand of Catherine dt Midlcli, accident- 
ally killed at a toninsment. Hetz, Toul, and Verdun annexed to 
France (1656). Final expulsion of the English. 

Francis U. (1669-60), husband of Mary Stuart of Scotland, - 

CHAEi.Ba IX., brother of Francis II. (1560-74). Regency of 
Catherini de Midicii, the king's mother. Beginning of the fief iglotii 
Wart, Louis de Gondj, Antoine de Navarre, and Admiral Coligny, 
leaders of the Huguenots; Francois de Qoise and Charles de Ijor- 
raine command the Roman Ca^olic army. Maiiacre of 8L BarOiO' 
lomew, 24th August, 1672. 

Hhhrt in (1674-00), brother of his two predecessors, flees from 
Paris, where a rebellion had broken out, by ^e advice of his mother, 
Catherine de Mtfdicis (d. 1686); assassinated at St. Cloud by Jec- 
qnes Clement, a Dominican friar. 

Honae ot Bonrbon. — Henri IV (1589-1610), Ont monarch of 
Ibe Souse of Bowbon, defeats the Roman CathoUc League et At- 
intei in 1689, and at Ivry in 1590, becomes a Roman Catholic in 
1693, captures Paris In 1694. SuUi/, his minister. ReUgious toler- 
■UoB granted by the Bifcf of Nantti (1598). Henri, divorced from 
Margaret of Valois in 1699, marries Marie de Mtfdlcis the foUowing 
year; assassinated by Ravaillac in 1610. 

Louis XIII (1610-43) is at first dependent on his mother Marie 
de Midieit, the regent: she is banished to Oclogne, where she dies 
in 1642. Riehelieu, his minister (d. 1642). English fleet defesMd 
at Ri (1627); La BoiAetle taken from the Huguenots. France 
takes part in the Thirty Years' War against Austria. 

Lduib XIV (1643-1715) succeeds to the throne at the age of 
five, under the regency of his moUier, Anne ofAmMa. Ministers: 
«8«arin (d. 1661), Loucoff (d. 1691), and Covert (d. 1683). Gen- 
erals: Ttirennt (d. 1676), Condi (d. 1686), and Luxembourg 

War of the Fr9nii< against the court and Mazarin. Cond^ (Due 
d'Enghien) defeats the Spaniards at Rocroy in 1643, and at Lens in 
Holland In 1645. Tnrenne defeats the Bavarians at Freiburg and 
at ySrdUnfien (1644). Submission of the Fronde. Peace of the 
Pyranses, with Spsin (1659). Louis marries Maria Thereta (1660). 

Death of Mizarin (1661). The king governs alone. 


After Om death of Ml rathei-in-taO', Philip IV. of Spain, Louh 
lays claim to tha Law Coantiias. Tnrcnna conqueie Hainault and 
part of Flatideia (1667) Cond* occupiei the Franeht Comli. Paaca 
of Aii-U-Ghapelle, in conuqnence of the Triple Alliance (166£Q. 

War with Holland, Passage of tlie Rhine (1672). Occupation of 
the prOTinces of Utrecht and Ouelderland. Vlctortea of Tnienne 
oveir the Imperial array itSln%ketm, Emlihtlm, MiihViauien (1671), 
and TilrlAtlm (1675). Death of Turenne at Sasebach (1675). 

Admiral Daqaesne defeats the Dutch fleet near ^vracuie (1676), 
Marshal Luxemboarg defeats William of Orange at Montcaiitt 
(1677). Peace of Nymaegtn (1678). Strattburg occupied (1681), 
Occapation of Ltatmbourg. RBTocation of the Edict of Nantee 
(1685). Louis marries Hme. de Malntenon (1686). Devastation of 
the Palatlnatt (1688). Marshal Lnxenbonrg defeats the ImperiU 
troops atFtoirua (1E90) and William of Orange at SUmttric (1692) 
and Neerwindm (1693). The French fleet under Admiral Tour- 
ville defeated by the English at i.a Spouc(1692). Peace of Ryiwufc 

Spanish War of Succession (1701). Vic«firy of VendSme MLta- 
iara(1702), and ofTaUard itSpeyer (1702). Taking ot Lantlm 
(1702). Victory at flScft.t5<«(1703)i defeat at WfArtodl, oi Blen- 
heim (1704), by the Dufca of Mailborongh and Prince Ba|«ne of 
SaYoy. Marshal Villar* defeated by Prince EugBne at Turin (1706), 
and by Harlborougb and the Prince at SatnKflci (1709). Oudmacnle 
(1708), and Malplaquet (1709). Peaces of VtreOit (1713) and Ra- 
,ladt (1714). 

This raign Is the golden age of French literature, illnminat«d 
by sncb names as ComtilU, Raeint, MolUre, Lafonttdnt, BoiUau, 
Botiutl, Finelon, Ducariei, Fateal, La Brvjire, and Mmt. dt 

Louis XV (1716-74). Z>«1^ a/ OrUona regent tlU 1733. Lonli 
marries Marit Ltic%lntka of Poland (1726). The king takes no in- 
terest in public affairs and leads a life of the most pronounced 
selQshness and debauchery. The chief power is In tha hands of the 
Due dt Bowbon (1723-26), Cardinal flniry (1706-48), the CTea- 
tures of La Pompadour (1745-62) and La Duinrrv, the king's 
mtatressea, and the Due dt Otoiml (1758-62). Anstrian War 
of Succession (1740-48). Defeat at DaOngen by George II. of 
England (1743). -Defeat of the Dutch and English at FoMtnog 
(1746), of the Auitrians under Charles of Lorraine at Aoeotw 
(1746), and of tha Allies near LaeffeU (Lateftld) in 1747. Taking 
of MaattrUhl and Ptaet of Aii-la-ChavtlU (1748). KaTal war 
■gainst England. 

The Seven Years' War (1756-63). Duke of Combeiland defeated 
by Marshal d'Estrfes at flotlmAede (1767). The French under 
Prince de Sonblse defeated the same yeat by Frederick the Oi«at at 
^otihitA, and In 1758 at CrefM, by the Doke of Bmuwlck- Tb« 


Uttei defeated by Maiehal Broglie at Berfcn (1760). Tlie French 
defBited it Mlndea (1769), etc. Peatt of Parit (1763), by which 
Fcance loses Canada and her other posBesBions In Mortb America. 
Acquisition of Lorraine (1766) and Corsica (1763). 

During tbis leign the moral ntin Of the monarchy Is conanmmit- 
ed and financial ruin becomes nnavoldable. Voltaire, Roiuieau, 
and Diderot are the most Inflnentlal authois and the great leaders 
ol the literary revolution. 

Lonifl XVI (1774-93), married to Jfarie Antninette, daughter 
of Francis I. and Maria Tbeteaa. American War of Independence 
against England (1776-83). Eihanation of the Bnancee of France, 
Vergenoes, Target, Necker, Calotme, Brienne, and Necher (a second 
time), ministers ol finance. 

(789. Rkyolction. Assembly of the Siatei General at Versail- 
les, 5tb May. Their transformation into a Constituent Assembly, 
17tb June. Oath of the Jra rie Pdume, 20th June. Creation of the 
National Guard, 13th Jnly. Storming of the Bastille, 14th July. The 
'Femmee de la Halle' at Versailles, 5lh Oct. Conflscatioii of eccle- 
siastical property, 2nd Nov. 

1790. National FIte tn the Champ-de-Mars, 14th July. 

1791. The Emigration. The royal family escape [Tom Paris, but 
are intercepted at Tarennes, 22nd June. Oath to obserTe the God- 
Etitntion, i4th Sept Atsemmt Legislative. 

1792. War with Austria, 20th April. Storming of the TutUriet, 
iOlh Aug. The king arrested, 11th Aug. Massacres in Sept. Can- 
nonade of Vatmy against the Pcosslans, 20th SepL The National 
Coavention opened, and royalty abolished, 21st Sept. 

Fint Xepnhlle proclaimed, 26tb Sept. Custine enters Mayenee, 
21st Oct. Battle otJetnappei againet the Austrians, 6th Nov. Con- 
quest of Belgium. 

1793. Louis XVI. beheaded, 21st Jan. Republican reckoning 
of time introduced, 22nd Sept.^. Reigrt of Terror. The queen 
beheaded, 16th Oct. Worship of Reason Introduced, 10th Nov. Loss 
of Belginin. 

1794. Jourdan's victory at Ftetirvs, 16th June. Belgium re- 
conquered. Robespierre's fall and eiecuUon, 27th Jnly. 

ylDtsf«) (torn aaod Sept. lo 21M Oct., Brumaire (t-rum*, fogl 2Snd Oct lu 
30Ui ^OT., and Frimaire (/Knui, koar-A^it) 2]at Kdt. to %m Dec, vers 

PlnTiSiB (p;«4 rain) SDtt' Jan. lo iHth feb.', and Yenlflie (rail, wind) 19tii 
Feb. to a&h ^rch, irlnter-manthi. — Oerminal letrmt, genu), 21>1 Huch 
to i9tb April, Flor^al Ofcw, Hower) HUh April lo 19th Hay, and Pralrjal 

weeks being abollibed. Ai Ibe close 

ir (lAcmu, wirmlli) IGlb 
Sth Aag. to 16111 8cp1, 
coniiiMd or S decades, 


1796. Conquest of Holland by Picbegia. Booiparte conuasnder 
of the Uoops of the Conieatlan agunst the Royalists undei Danican, 
4th Oct. DtoBCToiiT established, 27th Oct. 

t796. Bonipute's successes in Italy (MoiOtnotte, MUlalmo, 
Lodi, Milan, CaiHgliont, Baiiano, and Areolt). 

1797. Victory at RiveM, 17th Jan. Taking of Jtfanlua, 2nd Feb, 
The Austtians commanded by Archdake Chailes, at first -victorious, 
are defeated by Bonaparte. Peace of Campo Formio, 17th Oct. 
Change In the Directocy on 18th Fructldor (4th Sept.). 

1798. Bonaparte in Egypt. Victoiy of the i^ramWj, 2lBt July. 
Defeated by Nelson at the battle of the JVifg (Ahoukir), 1st Ang. 

1799. Bonaparte invades Syria. Acre defended by Sir Sidney 
Smith. Victory of AAouJiir, 26th July. French armies repulsed in 
Germany, Switzerland, and Italy. Bonaparte returns to France. 
Fall of the Directory, 9th Nov. Establishment of the CossutATE, 
24th Dec. Bonaparte First Consul. 

1800. Bonaparte's paasage of the Si. Bemurd, 13-16th May, 
Vicloiies at Piacema, Montcbcilo, Marengo, and Jiolienlinden, At- 
tempt to assassinate Napoleon at Paris, 23rd Dec. 

1801. Peace of LunivllU with Germany, 9th Feb. Concordat, 
15th July. 

1802. Peace of Amiens with England, 27th March. Bonaparte 
(with Gambac^iis and Lebrun) elected Consul for life, 2nd Aug. 

1804. first Empire. MafoIieon I. proclaimed Emperor by the 
Senate, 18lh May; crowned by Pope Pius VII., 3nil Dec. 

1805. Renewal of war with Austria. Capitulation of Ulm, ITth 
Oct. Defeat of Trafalgor, 21st Oct Battle of Aatttrlibe, 2nd Dec. 
Peace of Preiiburg, 26th Dec. 

1806. EsUblishment of the Rhenish Confederation, 12th July. 
War with Prussia. Battles of Jena and AatrHadt, 14th Oct. Entry 
into Berlin, 27th Oct. Continental blockade. 

1807. War with Russia and Prussia. Battles of Eylau and 
FrUdland. Treaty of Tifiil, 8th July. Occupation of Lisbon, 
30th Not. 

1808. War In Spain, in order W maintain Joseph Bociaparte on 
the throne. Code Napalion promulgated. 

1809. Conquest of Saragossa, 2lBt Feb. Renewed war with 
Austria. Battle of EckmShl, 19th'23rd April. Vienna entered, 13th 
May. Battles of Aspem, or Esillng, and Wagram, 5th and 6tb July. 
Peace of Vienna, 14tb Oct. Abolition of the temporal power of 

1810. Marriage of Napoleon with MarU Louise, daughter of 
Francis n. of Austria, lltb March. Napoleon at the height of his 

1612. Renewed war with Russia. Battles ot Smolensk and the 
Moikovra. Moicoxp entered, 15tb Sept. Retreat begun, 19lh Oct. 
''assage of the Beratna. — Wellington's victory at Salamanca. 


1813. BattleE of Liiitm, Bautitn, Groiibttrtn, Dresdtn, Katt- 
ioeft, Kulm, Ltlpilc (IG-lStb Oct.), Banau, etc. 

1814. Battles of Brieime, La Rolhiire, Monlndrail, Laati, 
Arebtur-Aubt, and Paris. Entrance of th« Allies iota Paris, Sist 
Harcb. AIJcUcatiOQ of tbeEmpctor, lltb ApiU. His arrival at £fia, 
4tlt May. 

1811. Baataration. Louis X.yIU. proclaimed king, 6th April. 
First Trwly of Paris, 30tli May. 

1815. Napoleon's letnin ftoni Elba; at Cunnn on let, and at 
Paris on 20tb March. Battles otLtgny and Wattrloo, IGtb and 18th 
June. Second entrance of the Allies into Paiis, Tth July. '. Second 
Feaet of Part), 20th Not. Napoleon banisbed to St. Helena, where 
he dies C5th May, 1821). 

1823. SpanUh campaign, to aid Ferdinand Vl](., under the D>ie 
d'Angouleme, son of Charles X. 

1824. CHAiiRa X. 
1830. Conqoest of Algiers. 

1830. Revolution of July (27th -29th} and fall of the Bourbons. 

House of Otlteiu. Louis Pbixippg elected King, Tth Aug. 
Continued war in Africa; consolidation of the French colony of 

1848. Betolution of FEBRUAav (23rd and 24th). 

1848. Second Republic. Sanguinary conflicts in Paris, 23rd lo 
26tb June. Louis Napoleon, son of the former king of Holland, 
elected President, iOtb Dec. 

1861. Dissolution of the AssembWe; Coup d'Etal, 2nd Dec. 
' 1862. Second Implte. Napoleon m. elected emperor by p[if~ 
iUeile, 2nil Dec 

18d4, War with Russia. Orimtan Campaign. — 1866. Capture 
of SebMtopol, 8tb Sept. Fint Dniveraal B;chihU!on at Paris. — 1866. 
Peace ofParii, 30th March. — 1869. War with Austria. Battles of 
Magenta (4th June) and Botferlno (24th June). Peace of Vtlla- 
franca, 11th July. — 1862. Mexican Expedition. — 1867. Dispute 
with Prussia about Luxembourg. Second Universal EchSiition. 

1870. War with Prnsgta. Declaration of war, 19th July. BaUles 
InAagust; Weiisenl)UTg(iih), Worth (6tii),8pidieTcn [6th}, Bomy, 
BetonviiU, and Gravelotte (14th, IHth, 18th}, Beaumont (30lh}. 
Battie of Stdaa, Ist Sept Surrender of Napoleon UI. 

Thiid Bepnblio proclaimed, 4th Sept. Capitulation of Slrass- 
burg, 27tb Sept, and of M«!i, 27th Oct. BatUes near OrUam, 
2iid-4(h Dec. 

1871. CouMUNiBT iNSUBBBcnoN, 18th March. Seat of govern- 
ment lemoved to VersaiiUi, 20th March. Second siege of Paris, 2nd 
April. Peact of Frankfort, 10th May, resigning AUace and part of 
Iiorralnt t« Oermany. Paris occupied by the Government troops. 


25th H>7. — The Commaniet iDBunectlon finally qntUed, 28th 
M»T. — M. Thlert, who h»d been chief of the execntlTe stoce ITfli 
Feb., appcint«d FieaideDt of the RepQblic, Slat Aug. 

1873. Desth of Napoleon 111., 9th Jan. — Manhal MatMtAon - 
appointed President instead of U. Thiers, 14th Hay. Final eya- 
cuation of Ftaoce b; the Qetman tioope, i6th Sept, 

167&. RepubUcao Goostitutlan floall; adlnaled, 26th Feb. 

1878. Third Utiivmai Exhibition, al Paris. 

1879. M. JuCe> Orfvy becomes President. The Chambets of the 
I.egisIstDie Teturn from Tersailles to Paris. 

1881. Expedition to TtmU. — 1882-8&. Expeditions to TongUng 
and Madagattar. 

1887. M. Badi Cnmot becomes President in place of M. Qsiiy. 
— 1889. Fourth IMvenal Exkmaon, at Paris. 

1894. Assassination of President Camot. M. J. Catimir Pfrier 
elected president — 1896. Eesignation of Casimir Ptfriar and election 
of in. FOix FauTt to the presidenor, Jan. 16th and 17th. Expedition 
to JUadagaaeaT and annexation of that Island. 

1899. Death of President Fanre, Feb. 17th. tf. EVnile Loubti 
elected president, Feb. 18th. Dieyfae Trial. 

1900. Ftfth ViUvenat Ejshibition, at Paris. 

XI. Folitleal Geogntphjr. 

PopuiATioH, At the eensuB takeo In Harcb, 1901, France, ei- 
cloding hei seamen and colonies, contained 36,961,946 inhab., 
including 1,037,778 foreigners, moat of nhom ware Belgiana, 
Italians, Spaniards, or Oermans. The annual increase of popula- 
tion in France is smaller than In an; other country of W. Europe, 
only 444,613 persons having been added to her population since 
1896 and 619,640 since 1891. 

GoNSTlT-iiTiOH AHD QoTBENMBNT. Ftance hss been a RipubUe 
since Sept. 4th, 187a The legislative pover U lested in a National 
Assembly, consisting of a Oianibtr of Dtputiti and a Senate. The 
former consists of 680 members elected by uniTersal suffrage for 
four years. The Senate contains 300 members, elected indireetiy 
through electoral colleges and holding ofBce for nine years, one- 
third submitting to re-election every three years. The executive 
pover is confided by the Assembly to a Pmidtnt of the Repabllc, 
elected for seven years, and to eleven responsible MfnItUri. 

Civil Adhinisteatioh. France Is divided into 86 DepartmaUt, 
or 87, including the email TerrUory of Btlfort, tbrmlne the sole 
ftagment of Alsace left to France after the war of 1870-71. The 
departments are subdivided into 362 ArronHtitrnxnlt, 2899 Cbnlnu, 
and 36,192 CofnmwK). At the head of each department U a Prefect 
(Prffet), over each arrondissement « Bub-Pteferl (BoufPrtfet), and 


OTM •ach eommane > Mairt, each of whom is utlstad by a council. 
The cantoni hna no tpacisl dtil admlDiatiatioD. 

Tbe deputmenta vera foimad In 1790 to replaea Uie 32 old pto- 
Tincea, th« retention of wbicb peipetaated the dlvanlty of tnanneis 

and ciiBtome, vhlle they veie aaparated from each other by barriers 
for Internal leienue and had legal InatitutiODB of the moet flagrant 
disciepancy. Ab a rule the eUe of the deparlmanU larles between 
2000 and 3000 sq. H.; their names are Uken horn their chief rifera 
or other striking natural featarea. In the following table we follow 
theordeioftberlTer-baBlna, beginning In the N.E. The CDrrespond- 
ence between the old pioiincea and the departments formed out of 
them la only approximately exact 


Pkt. Depwt. 

Cap. ] Cap. 

P«.. 1 Dapart. 

c.p. 1 Cp. 





ITerritorj of 














Flimdib (VlandeM: 


























la EocMl, 





































M. rt 








St. Brieu 










i.(n If It. 

















Pro-. 1 Bepwt, 

c.p. |- C.p. 

Prov. 1 D8p»rt. 

Cp. C.p. 







1 Foutf urt 


jSl. Etienna 









CohtS de Foiz 





Ate °'^ 





Army. Tho whole of Frince la djTided into twenty ftfliiiartf 
Segioni (Rigiom de Corps d'Arm^e},' each under a general of divi- 
rian, wbile Paris has a sepaiate miiitary goTeTmnent. 

Military service is eompuliory on e'ery Frenchman, not declared 
unfit, betveeo the ages of 20 and 45. The Army is divided iota an 
Active Army and a Territorial Army, each with its Keeerve. On 
a peace-footing the former consists of 572,000 men and the latter 
of 800,000 men, forming a Wt»l of 1,372,000. On a war-footing 
these two armies combined rise to a total of 4,000,000. The total 
sum expended on the French army in 1901 amounted to 27,730,000^ 

Natt. For naval piSposos France is divided into five Priftclures 
MajUima, the seats of which are Cherbourg, Brest, Lorient, Rophe- 
' fort, and Toulon. The fleet conalste of about 600 war veMeta in 
commission, including 48 ironclads, 66 cruisers, 236 torpedo-boats, 
and 20 transports. These are manned by about 43,000 men and 
2000 officers. In 1901 France eipended on her navy 13,130,000(. 

JirsTrcE. -Each cantoQ contains a Jnatice dt Paix or Jaitlce of 
thtPtact; each arrondisBement a Tribunal of tht First Initanct; and 
each department i Ctmr d'Anista, or criminal court. Above these 
are 26 Court d'Appet, or courts of appeal, in the principal towns, and 
the Cow de Cassation, or supreme court of appeal, at Puis. There 
are also Commercial, MUitary, and Naval Coarii in places where 
such tribunals have been found desirable. 

Gddoation. £duoatioit is compnUory on ^l children between 


I and thirteen years. In the budget s mm of about 9,000, OOOt. 
e aet down for the Minletei of Public Instruction, nearly two-thirds 
being allotted to elementBty educstion. 

The Higher Edueatlan is entrusted to sixteen VnivtrHUei, 
which until 1696 were linown as 'aoad^mieg uniierEitaires'. Two 
of these uniiersities (those of Paris and Bordeau*) have the tit fac- 
ulties of theology, law, medicine, science, andlettersi three (Lyons, 
Nancjf, Lille) haVe four faculties, eight have three, two have two, 
and two (Marseilles and Kouen) have one faculty only. There are 
also 'Facultris' o! Frottilant Tktclogy at Parts and Hontauban, and 
fiomon Catholic Imtitutes at Paris, Angers, Lyons, and Lille. 

Secondary Edtieation is ioiparCed by about 110 Lyciei and 290 
CoUigeiCommunaux, including aSlyc^ea and 23 aolleges for girls. 
In addition to tlieee tliere still exist a large nnmber of private 

There are altogether 70,288 Elemtntary Schools. ■ 

The educational work of each department is presided over by an 
Inipecltur d'Acadlmit, and each arrondissement has an Ituptctevr 
(j'/nif ruction Primairc 

In addition to llie aboTe-mentioned schools and coUegea are 
numerous Technical and Special Instilvtioni . 

BBuaioN. All religions are equal by law, and three sects, cii. 
BomanCathoUci, Prolettanlt, and Jtun, receive grants from gOTern- 
ment. The overwhelming m^oiity of the inhabitants of France 
proper or aboDt 38 millious out of 39 millions, are reckoned as Roman 
Catholics. The hierarchy of the Roman Catholic church embraces 
17 Ardibiihopt and 67 Biihops, whose sees are generally (not always) 
coextensive with the departments. The sees of the archbishops are 
at Ail, Albt, Auch, Avignon, Basanfon, Bordeani, Bourges, Cambrai, 
Chambtfry, Lyons, Paris, Rhelms, Rennes, Rouen, Sens, Toulouse, 
and Tonrs, The regular clergy number shout 66,1)00. 

The ProUitanti, who number about 600,000, are divided into 
Lulharani uii Calviniits , both governed by PiesbyteHal Councils 
or Gonsistotiea, several of which together may Term themselves Inlo 
a Synod. The Lutherans possess in addition a General Synod, or 
supreme oouncil. 

The nnmber of Jews in France does not exceed 77,000. 

XII. Maps. 
The best maps of France have hitherto been the Cartel de t'Elal- 
MajoT, or Ordnance Maps of the War Onice. One series of these is 
on a scale of 1 80,000, and includes 273 sheeU, each 2"/ift. long and 
I'/if'-f^de, while another, reduced from the above. Is on a scale of 
1 : 320,000 and consists of 33 sheets (1 for 16 of the others) or 11 
for France proper. These may be had either engraved on steel (3fr. 
per sheet) or lithographed (60 c). The engraved maps are con- . 

mtainonei regioni, but the litbogcaphs 
UBS and ue more i^oqaently bronght up 
ot date. The larger BOate map is also Utaed In quanei sbeeli (1 b. 
engiavadi 30 c. lithographed), whlnh aie intended altimately to 
iupersede the larger sheelB. 

As, howevei, theae maps were eiecuted entirely in black and 
were, besides, becoming antiquated, the War Offlce has undertaken 
two new EerisB, which aie printed in five coloursj one on a scale of 
1 : 60,000 (not now sold to the piibUc) and one on > scale of 
1 ; 200,000. The sheets of the laUer (l>/2 fr. each) aie 26i/, in. long 
and 16 in. wide, and each corresponds to foul of the first-men' 
tioned map. 

Other mapi {all in several colours) are those iseued by the Min- 
istry of the Interior in 1891-04 (1 : 100,000; 80 c per sheet), by the 
Ministry of Publio Works (1;200,000; 40 c. per sheet), Bhowingthe 
elevatlonB, and by the Dtfp6t dee FortUcationa (1 ; 500,000; V% fr. 
per sheet). 

All these maps may be obtained in the chief tourist-reaoTta, but 
It is advisablB to procure them In advance. The following shops in 
Paris hsTe always a fall supply on hand: Berrirt, Rue du Bae i; 
Bittdoin, Sua et Passage Daupbine 30. 

The caliiloguB of the ServieE G^ographique de rArmSe (I fr.) eontalDB 
key-plani •>( Iti miFi, ineludlni b1» tbose of Alieila, Tonii, aod Afrlga 
generally (jiarU lold aeparalelf lO e. ; Algeria and Tnnia, 2G c.). Batciie'i 
cataloguB (gratli) bu ke;-p]aDB of tba 1:80,000, 1:»I0,[»0. and 1:830,000 

aapi) and key-plana of ttie 1:100J»0 

the Public Wotl 

Good cycling maps (1 : 260,000) are published byPlon &. Nourrit, 
Bus Oaianci^re 10, and A. Tailde, Boul. St. Denis 18, also published 
cheep and practical maps, with indications as to load - snifaoea, 
gradients, etc. 


I, Google 






1. Fiom Cal&is to Amiens and Puis 

I. From Calaie to Amiens 

>. Vii Boulogne sud Abbeyille 

Ftdid Calits to Dnnklik, B. — From Boalotne to Bt. m 
Odibci to Arru, II. — Le Tanqaet. Pram Rini-dU' 
Flien-Verton toBerck, 12. _ From HoTalles toBt. Va. 
tery-Bi»^omm«; to Le Crotoj, 12. — From AbbevlllB 
to B^lbane, 13; to Domplerre^nr-Anthie (Cr^e;), 14. — 
From Longpri to Le Trfporl; to CmiplM, 15. 

b. Tii UaiebToucfc ttnd Arru 1 

From Watten lo GraTelines, IB. — From Bergnstte to 

c. ViSAnvin, St. Pol, Frisent, and Doullens. . . 

II. Fiom Amiens to Paris 24 


FoUcTiJle. From 8t.Jiut to La-Ba«-S<iliil-PieTie ind lo 

BUDiaii. From Clermont (oBeanTals; to C(impliine,3ri. 

b. Vii BeaaTais 

2. Amlene 

From Amieni lo Eouen; |o Aumita, 33. 

3. From Faiia toBesuTais and LaTr£paTt(Mei8) . . . 
I. Fiom Ptrta to Beauvais 

a. Tii MontaoElt and BBanmont 

From BeanmoDt to Creil) to Hemu, 33. 

■ b.ViaChantillyandCreil 

From BeikUTals lo Gonmayi Oijorj, 36, 

II. From Beanyais to Le Trtfport 

From £u to Aalt and OoiTal, 3T. 

4. From Dieppe to Paria 

a. Tii Rouen \ 42 

I. From Dieppe to Boiien 

II. Fiom Eouen to Paris 

From Vernon to GlsoMi In Pacy-Bur-Eore, 43.' 

b. Vii Giiois and Pontoise J5 

From Qiiors to Fonl-de-rArche, 47. 
6. Honen 48 

BliDiuB'g Northern France. 1th Edit. 1 


EDviranl of SDDsn; Boueconn, 68. — From Koiun to 
L« HiiTH by tbs Seine, &0. — From Rouen lo Otl^iu, 
Ttii Elbent, Dresi, ud Chutng, B9. 

6. FiDm Le Batto to Psiie vii. Rouen 00 

Sw. Adceue. From I^ Esire to EtreUt and F^cunp, 
From Bc^sntd-BeuzevilU 10 LilleboDDe (Tancsrrille), 
64. — From ModeviUe to CJtrea tnd to HoiK^niltsT- 
Baehf. From Buenlio lo Ckodebec, W. 

7. 'Watering-Places between Dieppe and. Le Havre ... 65 
I, From Rouen (Paris) to St. Valejry-en-Cwti and 

Veules ■ 65 

II. From Rouen (Paris) to Venlettes. Lea PeUtes Dalles 66 

III. From Bouen (Paris) to Fe'oamp 67 

From Fecamp lo Etretal, 69. 

IV. From Kouen (Paris) to Eltetat 69 

¥pfltt( Vancottes, ba. -> From Etratat lo La HaTre, T1. 

8. From Paris to Camhrai 71 

a Vii Oreil, St. Quenlln, azid Buslgny 71 

b. Via Creil, St. Just, and P^roone 71 

From MoBtdidier to Albert, 12. - From Cambrai lo 
Douaii 10 BBTay CDour); lo Valenciennci, T3, 

9. From Amiens to Areas, Douai, and Valencletines . . 74 

From Dooat to Orcbies and Tournai; Id Fant-^Hareq. 
From Somali lo Prirawels via Aniio, 7T. — Walks 
and Kienrsions near ValenclennM, 82. — Ftom Valen- 

10. From Arras (Paris) to Dunkirk ,' 82 

From BetBuea to Hoodschoole, 83. - Malo-les-Baina. 
From DuakJrk to Foroea, 86. 

11. From Douai and Valenciennes to Lille and Courtrai . 86 
I. From Douai to Lille 86 

II. From Valenciennes to Lille 86 

From at. Amand to BlancHlBseron ; lo Tonmai, 8T. 

111. From Lille to Courtrai 8T 

From TanrcDiDB lo UBnin, 88. 

11 Lille 88 

From Lllla to Tournal; id Brilfaanei to Yprei, 87. 

13. From Amiens (Calais, Boulogne) to Oh£lons-sur-Marne 

(Bale) ria Laon and Rhelms 97 

14. From Calais to Nancy (Sttassburg) yli Lille, VaUn- 

oiennes, Hirson, and Longoyon 99 

From Armsntiires lo Berguelle and lo Cominei, BS. — 

15. From Paris to Nsmur (Liftge, Cologne) 100 

a. Via St. Quentin and Haubeuge (Mons-Btussels) . . 100 

From ChHililly lo Cr^py-en-Vtlois, 101. — From Com- 
pl^oe to Vlllen-Cotlerel:< rla Flerretondi i lo Cr^pj-an. 
ValDlst to Amleni, lOS, lOt. — From Cbauny lo Laon 
"U Coney- U-Cbaleaa, 101. - From St. Qoentin to 
Oulae; to Rolsel. From Bu'lgny to Hirson, 108. — 

From Le CatoiD to Guubril; to ValencleoDU. From 
MsubengB lo Hods {BrosseU), ICB. - From Hintwute 
lo Hlnon, lUT. 

b. Via SaiSBOns, Lson, and'Anoi 108 

From Anliy to Pr^mantiil, lOB. — From I-tao toLiarl; 

c, VU Soiesona, Kheims, and M^ziAces 112 

HDtitbeim« tmd IUEdtIcddii tho Valley of the Semoy, 
119. — From Dinut to JeineUe. Hui-au>Leua, 111. 

16. From Puii to Bheima 114 

a. Vii Meaus and La Fett^-Milon 114 

b. ViiSoisioTiB 116 

c. ViaEpetnay 117 

17. Bheima 118 

1. From Paris to Meti 122 

a. Via Chalons and Fronard 122 

From Foinpor to Momsny, 122, — Moiimop, 123. 

b. Vil ChtloDg and Verdun 123 

From CoBQani-jBrny to BrUj ; to Hom«coiirt-Jsgf, 12B. 

0. Vii Rbeimi and Vetdun 126 

d. Via Kheims and M«zi«iea-C bailee i lie ....... 127 

From Bstsncoart to Cballennge, 126. — Fran Amagae* 
Lucqny In HaTlgny. Apremoni, 126. — From Sadau 
to Bonillun; to LironTillo (Nanoj), 130. — FromMont- 
m^dy to ViitOD, 131. — From LoDguyonto Luembonie, 
ISi. — From Lonsuyon to Nancy, 132. — BaltleBeldl al 
Hete. 1S3. - From Msl: lo Strusbarg, 13t. 

19. From Paili to Nanoy (Strassburg) 134 

1. Prom Paris to Chaloni-Bur-Maine 136 

From Bondy to Aulnay-lis-Bondy, 136. — From Lagny 
to Bortterf, 135. — Jonarrq, 138. — From CHiieau- 
Tlilerry to Bomilly. 131. — From Epernay to La Ftte- 
ChamponoUa (Romilly), 138 - L'Epio*. 119. 

II. From Ohalona-sui-Mactie to Nancy 140 

FromVitry-lB-Fnnioia lo jMMiiia, ill, — From tteytgny 
loSt.Diiieri loHaironvillei toTriaucourt, etc., Ill,— 
From Bar-le-Duo to Clerm<>Dt.«n-Argonae, 113. 

20. Nancy 145 

From Nancy to Chileau-Salioa |Vic, Saargsmand), IN), 

1. From Calais to Ami«ni and Paris. 

183 «. to 21311. RtiLViT In 3i/<-ll bra., accordine to tbe route lelectc 
The ahorlesi raole li Tii Boalogne, Abbeville, and Crell (ftirea 33 fr. J, UfF.70c,)i the longest, seldom taken, tU Haiehrnorli .nri Arr 
(Rues 3btt. aOc, 21 fr,, 15 fr. STie.), The ilteniatlv 
may be combined lo salt individual coavenlence. — Fi 
aee p. ilil. 

Gal»il. — BtatdoM. Calaifitanllamf).C,Z).tii 
CaMt-nOt, or Ban Calralt (FI, B, fi). for all trajai 
Anvln line; Oart da FmtliiiUit (P), B, 7) and Caiati-Si 


e English 

of th 
6), fo 

. B, 3, 1), R. 3 6, B. li/t, D. 1 (Inc). iFioe), ptni. 10 fr.; — 
D DtuYAUK, nuc iigjUe 99 (PI. B, it, a. f^om 7>lt, B. 1, D. i<l, (Inct. wloe), 
EDI. 9i/< fr,, »el] apali^n uf; du Coumuci, Rue Roynle Dl (PI. B, 4), 
E LoSDEEi, Rue de li Cloche 7 (PI. B, 3), — QtSH. BiUtnu, de /twict, 
H Olotc, Plice d' Amies ; Orond Caf4, at St. Pierre, coraer of the Bmle- 
ard Jscqnirt .nd the Roe Lafayelts. 

PaitftteleKT&phOnicei, FlsceRiohelien (OaUlt, PI. B, t) tind Boute- 
ard Pastegr fSt. Pierre ; PI. fl, 8). 

aUba. Per drive, 1-2 

_ , the aari t 

((""(fI. b|c', 3)'lo (he Count (lei-balhai 

the Place d'Jr- 

„ , baiha; far? " "" 

Calais < 
rEcluse-Carr^, and Buc^Valoie 

Staamboat to Bottr (for Lonuim, p 
Kl tt. BO tt. 

Banka. .Idam ^ Cb, Bue Bojale 8; San^tie di France, BueLeTeucKi 

Britilh Ocrniul, C.A.FasKmi Vice-Consul. E. S. Blon^ld. — Am- 
eriean Ogainl, Jot. B. UUmr; Vlce-Coniul, Adolplii C. Lmtis/i. 

Zosliali Ohnreh (Hllf IHni*}, Rue du Moulin-BrSle [PI, 0,8) ; chiplBiu, 
lit. U. It. Umirri, B. A. — Wtiieyan Chapa, Rue du Temple, aervlces 
nt both at 11 a.m. and 6.30 p.m. 

Calais, x town with 59,743 inhab., Including St. Pierre-lftg- 
GaUis, and a foitreas of the flcat claas, derlvea Its chief Importance 
from iU haibour and ita Uafftc with England, to vhieh it is the 
nearest port on the French coast. The chalk cliffs and castle of 
Dover, 18 H. distant, sie fisilile in clear weather. About 260,000 
traTelleTB pasa through the towD annuallr; and in addition tliere is 
a brisk trade In timber, coal, etc. Calais conUins 1500 English 
tesidents, chiefly engaged in its tiillc-manafaotoriea (p. 6). 

CjIbI) placed a prominCDt pirt in the ettl; wars belween France and 
England. lu harbour was the renaeirous ror the fleet cf the Dtupbla Louia, 
whose aid had been intited b; the dlsconteuled EugUih barons against 
King Jobn. In 1S48-I7, after the balds of Cr^cy, Edward 111. blockaded the 
town by land and lea and ataried It Into surrender after a desperate 
reeistance ot eleven months. He coneented to spare the town on condiUon 
thai sli noble cjtixens should place Ihemtelves. clad In Iheir shirts and 
with hnllers about their necks, at his absolute disposal) and It was only 
b7 the urgent Intercession of his queen, Phillppa oCUiinnull, that he was 
Induced lo spare the lives of the unfortunate men, at whose dead was Ibe 
patrlotlD Eostache de SI. Pierre. C«Uls remained in the hinds of the 
Knglish for Iwobundred^ears, in spite of manv attempts lo retake it, and 
became an Important mail of English traders. In 1B5H, however, the IMke 
of Guise witU 30,000 men succeeded In flnallv eKpelllng the small Enelish 
earrlBon (AW men) after a eiege of seven days. Uueen Mary of England 
fell the loss of the town so aculely that she asserted the nsme 'Calais' 

nonlly t„ Frai 

er death. 

>wn; and I 
I return to his k ingdom , The Spaniardi i 
B tfiee, but lbs treaty of Vsrvfni in ISSt 

turn to his k ingdom , The Spaniardi made tbemselve 




N Google 

io Amitns. CALAIS. /, RouU. O 

The Harbour, which is iflcesaible at all sUtee of the tide, hai 
been more than d.oa1)1ed la size by eitenslTe new -woikB, leoently 
completed at a eoet of 2,400,0001. The Old Harbour, vith the formeT 
rallway-autlon, lies nearest to the Place d'Armea; the imposing 
*Nevr Harbow faitber to the E. Between the two stand the Monu- 
mtnt des SauvtUvri (PI. 3, 6, 3), by Loimler, and, a little farther 
on, a Column (PI. 1, C, 3) commemottitLng the retam of Loois XVni, 
in iSil. The Gare Maritinu (PJ. C, 2'), or Maritime Station, wheto 
passengers from England And the train for Paris waiting. Is situated 
on the N.E. side of the Avant-Port (PI. B, C, 3), and is connected 
by a sltort hranch-line stiirting the new harbour with tbe Ofire Cerf 
trate (see p. 6). 

The old mtel de Villt (PI, B, C, 3), In the Place d'ArmsB, the 
centre of the old town, was erected iu 1740 on tiie site of a former 
building of nbich the tower still cemaina (15th cent.). It it adorned 
withbronzBl>astB(1636)oftheDucdf (Tuise, 'llb^rateurdeCalaigen 
1558', and Kich«2ieu,tbBfounderofthB citadel in 1634. On the bal- 
cony la abnatofEustachede St. Piene(p. 4). TbeHflteldeVille con- 
tains ■ amallJIfusift, open 10 to 4 oi 5 on Men., Thurs., Sat., Sun., 
and holidays. 

Oeucnd Floob. Bculpluru and antiquUies ; natural bietory collcc 
tloua. — isT FtooB, natural history cnllectiona. wpapotu, othDOfrapbica 
collection, email works of art, enamels, ornaments, and variogs olhf robjecla 

Shd Flooe. PaiDtines. From right to letl: 131. CAI^arf, Romeo and 
Julieti 13S. Aniasri-Dutai, Portrait of a cbHd (smdy); ISl. E. Itce»auU, 
Orpheus In Hudeai 139. Taatfraln, Women begging for alms at Berck- 
anr-Mer; 72. arglurim. Flowers; 126, F. Ostlrtm, L^nnre; 48. CiuHfUmi, 
Daphnla and Cbloe. — 43. Bmshtl the Elder. Masquerade; 40. Hm'hoTi', 
Shepherd; SB. J^Btew, Judgment of Paris j SO.B'ipaud, Portrait uf Louis XV. 
~ Zr. AJbano, Bacchus demandiag Immoitalit! f>ir Ariadne; i09-lli. Van 
drrPuil, Poilrails; 23. 5oli>. iiaia. Hisloricat landBCapa; ii. Lt Bourgaitaofi, 
Bailie; iD. Xilera, Aoatomiul leasoa; H.Oloveim. Portrail; 8. iV. i-ouisfn. 
Triumph of Bacchus. — 62. n.Womenaaa. Battle (1620); 03. VanitVildi, 

To the left is a masalve sqnaie Walch Tourer, tbe foundation 
of which is referred, to 810, and which was nsed as a lighthouse 
until 1848. 

The ohnwh of Solre-DoTHc (PI. C, 4), approached by the street 
of the same name leading to the E. from tiie Place d'Aimes, was 
almost completely rebuilt during the Unglish occupation of the 
town, and it has undergone considerable renovation aince 1866. 
The building on the left is a rcBorvoii; the spire is unpleaeing. 
The high-altar, with a Bna teredos in Italian marble (1624-28), 
decorated with statues, high reliefs, and an Assumption by Scghtrt, 
the iron choir-screen, and a Descent from the Cross by Ruiem ('!), 
in the left transept, are tbe chief objects of Interest In the Inteilor. 

At tbe end of the Rue de Guise, which begins to the left of the 
Hfilel ,dB Ville, ia the HOUl de GuUe (PI. B, C, 4), In the English 
Tndor style, originally tonnded by Edward III. aa a guildbouse for 
tbe woolstaplers , and presented to the Duke of Oniae after hia 

6 Uovte I. ORAVRl.lNES. From Calait 

capture of the town. The PUce Richelieu Isada hence towaide the 
Oire Ceatr&le, paeslng the Jardin RickeHea (PL C, i), la which a 
JUonumenf to Euitache dc 8t. Pierre and hii Componiana (p. 4), by 
Rodin, yrss erected in 1895. On the opposite side o( the stieet U 
the HSul del Poitet, with the PviHc Library (20,000 Tol8.) on the 
dtet floor (open daily, except 9un., 10-1 and 4'9; closed in Sept.). 

The a^ti-Baainf BilailUlmml (PI. A, 2; 1 tt., I&dlei 1 fr. 10 c.) js 
lltualsd beyond Ihs old hnbosr, on » &ae beicli (onia., toe p. 4). 

The Qaft Cenlrale (PI. B, 5), or principal rail way -station, lies 
between Calais proper and St Pierre, and lias approaches from 
both. Near it, on the St Pierre side, is a pretty Pai-fc (PI, B, C, 5). 

St. PiEaBB-i/te' Calais is the industrial and oommeicial part of 
Calais. Its prosperity ts due chiefly to its eitensive manufacture 
of tulle and lace, an industry which was introduced fcom Notting- 
ham in 1818. The Churcli of St. Fitrre (Pi. D, 7), built in 1863-70 
In the style of the 13th cent., and the Hdttl de ViUt (1858-64) are 
both situated in the Place Ci^vecienr. The Qothic Church of the 
Sacred Heart (PI. B, 6] U aleo of recent date. 

Fbdh GxLtia TO DcNEiBt, 29 U.. itilvitLj in i-li/: it. (raiei i tt. 25, 
3 fr. 60, S fr. 30 c). Tbls branch skirtJ the town^on_ the E^ ani^ 8.K., 

1 by u 

du CbnwUTHj, 1 

in nnlnteceatii 

,g tonn wilheaJSiD- 


19 Btronely tortifli 

aritaembouebure in 

orth 8e.^ 

In the ; 

middle a"et ^11°° 

eCounla of Handera. 

t Gra.elines bj the 


ara» u%a. 



adaidaa of an Engllih 

1; bnl « 

aclly one hundi 

Oletowa waa finally 


1 10 Fran 

te. The 

1 and put tn fligH by 

the El 

Dgllsh llei 

St in 15SS 



uallT «hi 

d fr»m thla p< 

»t. -18./. M, B.ur. 


<i Ou ju 

Watten lo Gra- 

.allnea (p. iS). SI U. 


ptatit i; 

an nnprelendini: bathip 

B.,la«. - At 
a fmni Haiebn 

A> oni llJ 

ne coalea 

i:ea -^iO, the lin. 


rt, lee p. 



Ftom CalftlB 

to Amieni. 

Via BnuloEna a 

ind AbbfviUs. 


a M. (i03>/, U. 1 

Maritime). JIailwai In 3-B bn. 


18 f r. CO, 

13fr, M 

.,8 ft. 15e.i 01 

iB ft. 90, 13 1 

rr. 80, 8fr. 80 c). - 



epa, 76V> M., i 

n Vlfi bra, (1 

■area 11 ft., 9 ft. SB, 

e ft. 10 c: 

After leavingCalaU we pass (li/4M.)I.MFoniine((«Bnd(i'/2M.) 
St. Pierre (see above), with its handsome tower, beyond whioh di- 
verges the line to Anvin [p. 24). — 4Vi M. FrMun. - 

ta-batbing place, betwe 





(0 Amttni. BOULOONE-SUB-MER. /, Roule. " 

21 '/iM. WimtlU-Wimermx. At Vimereuz(Hotel deUMMche; 
desBiins; lea'batlis) is > tnlned bsrliour, excavated in 1803 at 
Napoleon I.'h aTdera. — The train now oomea insight of the Colonne 
de la Giande ArmJe, marking tbe aitnatlon of Napoleon's camp 
(p. lOX Beyond a tnnnel, '/s H. long, we entei the station of — 

25'/i M. Boulogne-TinteUtriei (see below), where pasaengera to 
Boalagne by thiough - tialna to and from Amlena alight. Other 
traing pa;s through another tnnael, crois the Liane by meana of a 
corred viaduct, and enter the Orande Gan of — 

26V2M.Boi]lDgne-inT-Mer. — 6Utlaiia.£Du(i>7n<f-at;flraf(Pl.I),E,t), 
on tbclenbankoribcLiine, nFsr the Arri^re Pott) Bsalcgnt-HariUmt (Fl. 
D, 2), a little tu the N., for the English trafUct Botilognt-TinltUiriti (PI. P, 

Hstali. MaiT the baths: UStbt. dd Pitillok IhpCbul kt dss Baixb 
DB Mir (PI. a: D, 1), with lift, B,. from 8, B. i'U, D. 6, pena.. nal itlor 
16th Jnly, 13 (r.s HouTH-EiSTSss Hotbl (PI. 1; D.iJi db la Ptiaa (PI. 

■ " '" " " (PI. hi D, 2), E. from 6, B. 1'/,, ay. 4, 

n the Son]. Ste. Benve; di Folimtohe 
!),Qiuiiaam1>ettaTlt ddGIlobietd'Aiiibm*, aimegnay; 'de Pisis 
■T Da BoDLoara (PI. d; D, 2), lame qaay 66) Bisei, Bds ds Buston 96, 
at Ihc end next Ibe dooane ffl. D, 2). — In the town: HStel oa Bains 

R. ftom ii/j, B. iih.Aij. 8'ft,' . 0, pens. 9'/i-i5 /r. ; CHKiaroi. st Bkhtol 
(PI. giB, 3), Plwe FfWSric Sanvage 11, near the station ; Mauaicn std» 
i-Univkbb (PI, i,k;E,a-3l. Eae Victor Hdeo 9S, R. from i, B. IVi, d«j.3, 
D. 4, pen", frnmllfr.; Hktbopoi,! (PI. li B,S), Rue Faidherto ST; DaK- 

II F,3|, Qrapde Rue ^6, oppoaile the Uiueui 

,P1. 01 E, 3), Kue Adolphe Thiers 3S (dii. 3i/t f , , . - 

IE (PI. n; E, S), sameslreet 57; HQi, ds Fsasce {PI. p; F,3, 1), Ec 

(dij. 3'/, tr 
'T/ifr,)j HSt. de Flasdm, Qaai a.mbella' BS',. E. 3t'A, 

Haliopalefpens. Tftfr,); _, , 

B. 1, d*j.a-3i/.,D.*fr.,incl.win6i dd Looyes (PI, n, i,, a,, ikkhii. «.i- 
wav-gUUan. — In tbe upper lown: Hot. de Bodsqo^hb (PI. hi O, 3,3), 
Rue de Lille 11, K. 3-4, B, M>/<, dfj. 3, D, 3, pens, S-8 fr. — There are 
alio numerous Pmtlon, and fucolshed apartments. 

Bestanrants. Casino, iij. 4, D. D fr.; Bllel de Flandrr, Qaai Oani- 
belts G2, d«j. 2, D.Hi/tlt.t others In the Rue MonsUn;, near the theatre; 
also at the aboTe-nimed hotels and al the ralliray-Blallons, 

-. CWi dt Boulogne, ConlHualal. Ruo Adolphe Thlei 

53- duAinix'^t 

, victo 

r Hogo B9i 

others in the Roe Honi 

ilgny, etc. 

' Cabs. From 6 

1 midolghl, 

perdrtiei'^fr., per ho 


■Dldnitbt lo e a.m. 

LEd a'A- i 

outside the town, par honi 2'/, t 

1. From Ih 

e Place DalWn (PI. F, 3| 

io theCaa 

(PI. D, li 15c.)i3. 


to (he slaoEbler-honsc ai 

Id to Brcqi 

ecnue (Pi. ft, 6 1 IB 

t.)i 3. From the 

Place D-lton to IhaPor 

lei (30 c) 


ChVlllon(Pl. C,S)i 

ip^cnre (10 c) ^ 1, From 





1 to et, Hai 

(PI. G, 2>. vii the 

;f Son (2Q 


>. Each lit 






o^in'EU«s°°ee''D, 11, 

one (toT Li 

indon. see p, liii), twitu 

; dailvi carea 

aboDt U tr., 9 fr. 

60 c, 

— To Sow York. The boats of 

iIOEne oncf 

B learners 

8nn, and holidajs 

mer, 15 c. 1 

For trip of 1 hour. 

Lt on the 1 

tieacb on the right bank 

of ihe LI. 

(P- 9)- S,"-*'**'l„' ' 

8 Route I. BOULOONE~SUB-MER. From Calait 

OuiDS. AdmliBlon, pec dAj 1 fr., week 10, rertnijUlT, moBtb Mfr., 
double ilcksta 19, S2, or 51 fr., etc Aim. to Thtain, i (r. SubaeripUoa 
lo both (le theslrlcal perfonnaDces), 22, 39, oi Vl fr.-, doable Ucket 1^, ST, 

Goit L1b1» (18 liDlei) at Hayville. 

Fiut ft Telscnpli OUca (PI. E, 3), Bne da Pot-d'EUdn 13. 

Brltigh TIdb-OddiuI, ZT. F. Parmer, Soa Comoaiiii S. — AuarloB 
OoniDlsr A(snt, ))'m. £alt, Rue des Ecolet 36, ~ Btnken. Jonsw di 
Avincr, KuD Victor Hugo 16; SoMli Oiniraie, Baa FaidheTbe 13 ; ^dimACe., 
Bne victor Hued 6 (klao Llii;d'a uenta). — iltrridtw't LOran,, Rdc Victor 
Hneo 60. 

FhTiieiani. Dr. Can-, Bnc Fvdterbe 69; Dr. PhiHp, Bne Victor 
Hugo 33 i JV. Ddcltr. homaopath, Rue Herlgnan 13. — ]>«iti*ti. Mr. SiU- 
man. Bub Adolpbs Ihien SB; ilr. Umtm, Grande Rue 14; Ur, IteConagir, 
Ene Victor Hugo U. 

XoiUah Churohai (iorvicea >t 11 Bnd 7.30). Balf n*Hte (PI. 1 : F, i), 
Rue da I> Lampej Hey. W. K. Reid. — El. J oh?,' t (PI. 2=*, 3), Bne des 
Vielllacdai Rev. J. B. Dutton Tompaon, — Wtilifan iriMadiH Church 
(PJ. 3;F, S}, Qrude Rue TO; Bar. J. OaaMn; serricea at 11 and 7, 

Boulognt-)VT-MtT, ao called to digtiaguiBti it fiom Bonlogne-BUi- 
Seine timt PitIb, the Bononia (y'} or Oamriacum of the Romans, ji 
BU Important leapoit and commercial town , aituated on the Liane, 
ulth i population of 49,fll5, of whom over 1000 are English reil- 
dents. Its nameroDi echools enjoy a high teputatlon. Boalogne ii 
■n important berclng-port and exports large quantities of salted 
flahj and It Is the chief ceatie In France for ttie manufacture of 
steel pens, introduced from England in 1846. The town la divided 
into the Hmitt VOU, or old town on the height to the E., and 
the much larger Batte VSic, Including the harhoor. The part of the 
Basse Tille on the left or W. bank of the Liane, on vhicb is the 
principal railway-station (see below), la known as Caplcurv. Ita 
chnrchof i9(. 1'in<:<nl-<J«-Paui(FI.D,4, 5)ia a modern Gothic edifice 
In the Etyle of the 13tb century. 

The Hartour, eapecially the E. part near the Douone (PI. D, 3), 
preaenta a very busy scene. Boulogne stands nest to Maiseilles, Le 
Havre, and Botdeaui among the seaports of Fiance. Its commercial 
importance Is iDcieaslng, and in 1879 eitenaive operationa were 
begun with the view of enlarging the port, bnt their completion 
has been deferred owing to the lack of funds. Tlthln the port new 
atone qnaya have been built and the harbour deepened to enable 
vessels to arrive and start at low water. The Bauin H flat, a large 
aemlciroalai baain on the left bank of the Ltane, waa conawucted by 
Napoleon to aocommodste the flotilla which was to convey his troopg 
to England (aee p. 10). tbt Building Btipi and the Baiitria defend- 
ing the entrance to Uie harbour are both situated on the W. bank. 
The Wtil Pier stretches into the aea for a diatance.of 765 yds. 

The Gare Maritimt (VI. D, 2), on the quay of the Folkestone 
steamers (p. 7), Is connected with the Centra/ Saittcay Station 
(PI. D, E, 4) by a short branch-line. On the right bank ot the 
Liane, immediately beyond the Pont Jlf<ir(>u«l (PI. E, 3], ia a bronie 
autue (Pi, E, 3), by Lafrance, ot Fr^dA-ic Sauvage (1786-1857), 

taAmimi. BOULOQNE-SUR-MER. i.RovU. 9 

who wag among tbe 4rst to use sctew propBlleie for ste»mbOBta. ■ — 
Thenee the Quai Gambetta leads to the N. to the Halle (PI. E, 3], 
in the email square adjoining which Is a statue of Edward Jenner 
(1749-1823), tbe diBcoverar of vaccination, hy Eag. Paul (1858). 
The FUh Market is held oirly in the mnrnlng in the Salh {PI. B, 3). 

on the W. side of the town, »nd form one-tenlh of the population. They 
parti)' adhere 10 tlie pictnresi(ne coalnme oftheli aDcegloTS, and the; differ 
■ omenhal in churactei and cnptonu from the other Inhabltantt of the town. 
Farther along tbe busy quay is the Douane (PI. D, 2), or cusUiin 
honse, near which Is a large salt-warehouee. 

The *Etablis3fmtnt dt Bain!, with its Qarden and handsome 
CcMi'no (PI. D, 1, 2), occupies the rest of the space between the 
E. Pier and the difts. The garden U open to visitors, but iion- 
iubscrlbers pay 20 c. for admission on concert-days (aubscrip., 
sea p. 7). The beach is sandy and very extensive. Tbe Etablisse- 
ment contains a awimmlng-bath for use when tbe sea la too rough 
for bathing. — The foot of the cltlTs, beyond the casino, is skirted 
by tbe Bouleoard Bit. Beuve, named in bonoar of the eminent critic 
(1804-69), who was born at Boulogne. 

Tbe Eujl Pier, or JeUt dt I'Kit [PI. B, C, 1, 2), which eitenda 
B&O.yda. into the sea, is a favourite promenade, especially at full 
tide, when tbe sleameia enter or leave the port, and on summer eien- 
inge. In clear weather the South Foreland lights are visible; tbe 
TevDlving white and ted light to the H. at Cap Gris-Nei ia very di- 
stinct, — On the cliff is the mined Tour tfOdre {'Tnrris ardene' ; 
Fl. D, 1), a Itoman beacon-tower, built under Caligula in 40 A.D. 
— The modem Qotbic church of Bt. FifTre'da-Marini (PI. E, 2), 
with a lofty spire, is in the style of tbe 14th century. 

We now retrace onr steps to visit tbe lawn. Tbe Rve Victor 
Hugo (PI. E, S) and its continuation, tbe Sue Nationale, contain 
the principal shops. Tbe Rue Adolphe Thiers, parallel to the Rue 
Victor Hugo, begins at the Place Dalton (PI. F, 3), in which rises 
the church of St. Jficftoias (17- 18th cent ). This square is the chief 
tcamway-centre. The Qrandt Rue ascends from tbla point to the 
Haute Tille. 

The Mtttevm (Fl. F, 3), in the Grande Kue, contains ethnograph- 
ical, historical, and nataral history collections, some Egyptian an- 
tiquities, and a few pictures, mostly of tbe modern French school 
(open iu summer dally, except Tues., 11-4; in winter on Sun., 
Wed., Thurs., and Sat,). The Public Librarij, on the second floor, 
oonlains 66,000 vols, and 306 MSS. (open daily, except Frid., 10-4). 
At the lop of the Grande Rue, on the left, is the Sout-FriftctuTt 
(PI. F, 3), the pretty Bquare in ftont of which is adorned with a 
colossal bnst of Hend 11., by Danid, commemorating the restoration 
of tbe town to France by the English in the reign of that monarch 
(1650). In tbe Boulevard Marletlt, farther on, is a bronze statue of 
Aug. Maritttc (PI. G, 2), tbe eminent Egyptologist, who was a native 

10 Kouie 1. BOULOGNE-SUR-MER. From Qdaii 

of Bonlogne (1821-81), by Jnoquemart. A Uttla to the N. is « pubUo 
pBtk kDown A3 La TinttUeria (PI. F, 3), wbece concerts are given 
in summet. A monument in this pailc, by Thom&s, commemot&teB 
the first suceeseful bsUoon-voyage fiom Fiuice to EngUnd, achieved 
inl886by FT.Lboete. GXoas by ietba Boulogne -TinUiltriea Statton 
(p. T) on the line to Calais. 

TheHADTflVii,i.BfPl.F,G,2,3)ii enclosed by i«mp»rta, dating 
from the 13tb cent., 430ydB.Iong, 360yds. bioad, and flanked with 
round turrets, 65 ft. higb. Of lla four gateways, tbe PotU dti Dtmti, 
the PoTle QayoU, and the Porte de Calais, aie atlU extant. — Wa 
entec by the Parte des Dunes, flanlted by two mssiive round towers, 
within which, to the left, sre situated the modern Palait de Jutlict 
(PI. F, 3) and (alittle farther on) the H6tel de YUU (PI. G, 3), 
erected in 1734 on the site of an ancient castle, where the cruaader 
Godfrey de Bouillon was bom in 1065. 

In the Rue de Lilla, which leads from the Hfitel de Vllle to the 
Porte de Calais, is the CfturcA of Notre-Dame (PI. Q, 2), a building 
in the degraded Italian style, erected in 1837-66 on the site of • 
Gotblo church which was destroyed in 1793. The Untem sur- 
mounting the dome is crowned with a colossal statue of the Virgin, 
which forms the most conspicuous point in the whole town. Ex- 
tensive Tiew, comprising the 'doues', the plateau traversed by the 
railway 1o Calais, in the foregroand Napoleon's Column, and in the 
distance, in clear weather, the white cliffs of the English coast, 
Tbe entrance to the staircase is by a door to the right, in the interloi 
of tbe church (adm. 1 tr. ; custodian at the S. portal). 

The Inlerioi conlatis an elaborate high-aKaF, execnted in Bome at 
(he espense of Prince Torlonlas a line monument to Mgc. Haffreingnei 
Blx ch&pela adorned with frescoes bf Soulacroli i and a Lbdy Chapel, which 
ii resorted to by pilfrims. _ The Crupi (idm. 1 fr.), dating partly from tba 
12th cent., cnntunt some old tombs and some antiquities found in dleging 

Tbe Chateau (PI. G, 2), in which Louis Napoleon was aonfined 
after the attempted insurrection of 1840, is the anoient citadel of 
Boulogne, and dates from tbe 13th century. It is now converted 
into barracks and an artillery depot (no admission). — The Cemetery 
of the Haute Ville (beyond PI. G, 2) contains the graves of Sir 
Harris Nieolai, Ba$ii Uontague, and numerous other Englishmen. 

In 1801 Napoleon I. aasembled an army of 172,000 infantry and 9000 
cavalry on the table-land to the H. of BoalugDe, under tbe command of 

a IJolilla 




13 d 



for the pnrpo 

e of lnvadi[« 

d establlsbing 


The troops w 

ere admirably 

drilled, an 


twero. Brest^ 

Cadii, and 


of tl 


1 y 

rpose. Their 

d by 

be E 


ader Sir Robs 

CaldsF, and 




d Oct., leos, 

omplcled the 




Doric colomn, 

172 ft. in h 

eight, 8 



on the roid'to 

Calais (comp. 


PI. e, 1), wu rounded in ISM to Eominemarate I 

left the monument nnfioished, and in 
iTiglDil destin&lion wis reViTed. Tb« 

)uioatiE TO St. Omre, 40 M., riilw«y in 1 hra. (t.res 6 ft, 85, 
r. aO 0.). — Thia line diyergaa lo ths left from that to P»tii> 
EiuHnatvi (lee below), und aseanda tbe prelt; viJleT of 
- 10 If. aamir, nitb 21B0 inbab.j IQi/i H. Zijicru, witb 

England and BrlttuT for manure. — "^'k U. Lumlira, tbe 
-' ' mCiJalitoAnT!n(p.24)j^M..^r«uu, tbsjunclion 

\^B%1' % 

the left), uid join tbe line 

time fortified, aa& lis ] 

of the Grande Chartreme near Grenoble. The convent 
Ibe Hth cent., was partly ieatroyed and sold at tlie E,i 
repurctaaaed b; tbe Cartbnsiang and abnost completely re 

emp^, and viaKoM are no longet admided. — ~ 

.. - , .) Xaiv-A.-Flfei-i-Ftrd™ (p. 12), aodanotber to (J6'/iM-) 
Atn-iar-la-Lf/t (n. Ifl) via (26 M.) i^iFa{p.53} and (39 M.) M*™!-™™*, A lai^e 
vUlage 10 tbe S. of the site of tbe important medieval town of that name 

by Charles V. in 15^ in 'revenge for tbe loss of Ibe 'tb^e bUhaprics' 
t*«ti, V erdnn, and Tnul) in 1SS2. 

Beyond Hontreujl the Anas line asceoAs Ibe valley of the CancM to 
(SeH.jHeidiB (Haul di Franca), n small town founded by ChatloaY. in 
15M, after the destruction of Viiil Heiiin. 2'lt M. fartber up (he valle y. 
From Hesdin roads lead to (IS H.) Crricy (p. Id) and to Aeincourt (p. 33) . 
— tiK. SlaTm-KT-Tiraeiu, 3Vi M. to the S.E. of Aeincourt (p. 3S). - 
19 H. Anrin ^. 34). SiK. Watraa,. aSIH. St. Pol (p. 21). — The train 
ascends Ibe valley of tbe Scarpt. — 70 H, Uml-Baint-Elci, a village on a 
belgbt to the right, witb a eliurcli vith two tall towers (Igth cent.) and 
other relici of nn ancient abbey. The railway then turns to tbe left, and 
joins the line from FaHs to Anu. — T9 M. Arrai, see p. 19. 

Quitting Boulogne, the train tr&Tecses the valley of the Liana. 
At (W/4 M.) OulTtau the lino from tbe Gare CenttUe joins that from 
Boalogne-Tintelleries (p. 7). To tlie left are the town of Boulogne 
and the bridge over the Llane on the line to Calais. Several large 
cement- wo tits are passed. 28Vi! M- Foni-de-Briquts ; 31 M. Hudig- 
nntI(janctlonforSt.Oaier,BeeahOTe).— 42VsM.£la!i[ej(H6t.Jo08, 

12 Roale I. PEItCK. From CalaU 

H6t. Vuseur, in the Tillage^ BeitliDl, Pouthloui, at (be etation) is 
the jnnction for Anas (see p. 1 1). * 

From Elsples an electric (cainvray pUei to OVi HJ L» Touquet (or 
ParfiMoffe {•Sil. CIvUiaa ihi Tovqmi, B. A B, Irani 7, d^,3Vt, D. I'/t I^'l 
Oraid Hum, pens. 7-i6 fr.; ^«. d« Joiw, S-12 ft.; dsj Bunei, 6-12 fr.j 

villi A flue sandT beacta, a casino, good goLr-liak;, a motOT track, stc! 
Ths pine-woods (FarH iju TouqtitI) wtaicli Irioga it were planted on tbe 
dunes in 133T. 

The train crosses tbe Bait dc la Cancbi by a. viaduct. 46'/a M. 
St. Joiie. — 4972 M. Kang-dn-Flltn-Vtrton. 

Fbou BiNG-Dtr-FLiEBS-VBBTOK to Bebce, Vk If., rallwAT in 11-18 min, 
(fares TO, fi5, lOc.). Bemk ['?<'. Mitel it Birct et di la Pla}!; dt Ltrndrii; 
*■ France a da Bain, ; Oi-and HgUt; SSI. de Pari, ; ConllnMioi, etc.), a imill 
sea-balhlng place with 7800 inhab., a Kvriaal, etc., is tapidly growing in 
popularitj. Two Hoipilali for children have been buili In this healtbr spot. 

The name of (fiS'/j M.) ConchU-le-Temyle is a reminiaoeuoe of 
the KuightB Tcniplat. The AufAie is woaged. 56 M. Quend-Fort- 
Mahon ia the station for Fort Mahon and Sl-Qvcntin- Plage, two 
small bathing-places. — 60 M. Sue (H6l. des Voyageun). The 
heautifal Chapelle du St, Eipr'U, adjoining the church, Is a rello 
of an older church dating from the 13-16tb centuries. 

66 M.WoB«it«a is connected by abranch-raUway with (7 M.JForMl- 
VAbbaye (p. 14). In the vicinity is the ford ol Blandietaque, where 
Edward 111. crossed theSornnte before the battle of Cr^cy (see p.l4). 

A brand-railway rum from Noyelles, along an embankmeat washed 
by the sea at high tide, to (1 M.) St.ValeryaBi-Senma (CaHao-llraxd-mitl, 
pens, from 7Vi tr.), a town with 3600 inhabitants. Frum this little port 
William the Conqueror set sail for England on Sept. 2Tlh, IIM. Some of 

(■/. hr.) Le Crotoy (eee b 
/. M.) Cageux (Hflt. des B 



e line goei on to 

mm from Hoyelles 


Le Grotoy (mm 

To the right as ws proceed stretches the wide bay at the mouth 
of the Somme, croesed by the branch-line to Si Vatery (see above). 
llcyond (69 M.) Part-tc-OTand we cross the canaliied Sommo. 

74 M. AUuxiUp [H&tel de la Bare, good; de France, Rue de 
l'£I6teI-de-'VlllB ; dela THe-de-Boeuf, Rue St Gilles ; Cafei in tiie 
Place de I'Amiral-CourbEt], an ancient fortress and an ImpoTtant 
cloth-maoufaoturing town, with 20,388 inhab., is altuated on the 
Somme, on which there is a small harbour. 

Abbeville waa of snfflcienl ImportaBce under Hngb Capet to receive 
a ^rdle of ramparts, and it was the rendaivoDS foe the leaders of ths 
first two cruaadea. At the marriage of Eleanor of Casllle to Edward I. 
in 1272 it peiicd tn England, and .It remained with little Interruption 
under English domlDinn for Dearly 300 years. After a Bliart period under 
■ - '" • ■ ... - ...-.- ■„ iBH (i,B 

dukel Qt B 

urgundy, it fell' Onally to France In 

I4T7, I 

riage of Lou 

is XII. with Hary Tudor, slater of He 

*d at Abbe. 

lie; aod in 1637 Wolsey and Francii 


to Amieni. ABBEVILLE. I. Route. 13 

The most interesting baildiug in the town tl tlie Church of 
St. fulfrim^ ii Qaftle^adiflee of the 15thuid..l6tlM;ent., completed 
in "Hie lY til cent, oo ». Bm»ller scale. The L*ndsome fa;adf has two 
towers terminating in plitforms, and thiee portals in CLe Benais- 
sance stylo, with licMv d ecorated doors. Tbfl^) | , tpri or of the nave 
is adorned with ejegsjiti .kuUtiejues and two open galleries with 
balnitrides. The windows arc aurmoanted by truncated gables. 
To the N. i» ■ tower adjoining a wall, which was intended, accord- 
ing to the original plan, to form part of the transept 

Ths effect of th« JaU-ficr ii much less pleasing Ihin thit of the ei- 
tulor. Tim nave ia narrow, t-ai the &rcbes, injured by Ihe ginkiDg of 
the foundatioDS, baie required to be sitraneously Bujiporled. Contrary 

ITth century. The rich tiiforinm in Ibe Flamboyanl slyle ia remarkible. 
The em cbapel on the lelt hai a fine RenalBsance atlar.piece. and the 
third chapeJi on each aide contain good sculptures (16-lGIh cent.). The 
CbapeUe de Xotie Dame del Nercieri, at the end of the 9. aisle, coutaiaa 
a lu(e dlded Gothic canopy. In front of a recess ailed by a sculptured 
group of tbe Hadoona upon clouds, guriounded with angels. The altar 
at tbe end of tbe choir baa a cnrious antependliim (IDth cent ) painted on 
a gold ground. In the aacrisly la a silver Kadonoa of 1621 on a pedestal 
of lS6Bv also a IBtb cent, evangelium. 

The pSiff P pat. behind the ihnrch. partly dates frnm thn Ai-i f i]| 
centuries. — The Place de rAiciial-Conrbet, farther on, is embel- 
lished with a monument to Admiral CourficI (1819-85), who was a 
native of the town, by FalgnitreandMerclfi. — Z.«iieur, the composer 
(1760-1837), who was bom near Abbeville, is commemorated by a 
btouze statue, by Rochet, in the Place St. Pierre, 

In tbe public garden at the end of this Place is the Muiet ^Ab- 
ievUU tt du Fonthitu (open on Thnrs., Sun., and holidays, 12 to i 
or bi at other times on application), containing natural history 
coUectious, paintings, angravings, sculptures, etc. The Public Liti- 
rarg, in an adjoioing building, contains 43,000 vols, and 329 MSS. 
— T^iaJiliiW rfu Si, S^xufcif, to the left from tlie Place St. Pierre, 
dates from the iiith century. 

The Rue Boncher-de-Perthes, the first on the leftas we quit the 
Place de I'Amiral-Coorbet by the Rue St. Gilles, is called after 
tbe learned geologist and antiqoarian of that name (1788-1868), 
whose house, in this street, is uow occupied by the small Mus^e 
Bovdier-dc'Pertliti, en slating of antiquities and a collection of 
1 60Q small pa inljnes of the Frenc h. FJjgish, and Dqtfilt^cbools, 
many oc Joiittful authenticity (adiu. aa to the preceilirLg Musrfe; 
closed on Mon.). 

The cburi-.); of f(. GJllii ^ at the end of the RjieJStJiilki, 
pm«aa«a<i a |ic.T.t^fT|] Pl.[Tvi^rjYfiT.t portal, tj^ i ^ji J" ^^'^ street ia a 
handso me old houie with caryatides, lins-reliefa, etc. 

'Ke' »iMi cTe WCSiri," lo the S. Of Xfltftmo' Wa the site of an 

Fkoh ABBBVILLa TO BAtBURE, 5S>/s M., railway in^-^i^ brs. (fare! 

ud akirls the lampatts on tbe 8.K. aide of Abbeville, neu St. aillei. ~ 
""if" liiailir' (^^' <<< C^ufc-SaMei;, v ini^leiit tawa, wurormeilT 
hlgUy celebaVd tor Its ibbey, which was foanded toward! the end o( 
aTiOi cent. »iJ in1i>yea'«i6 speoinl fevour of D.gobert, Ch.riem.gne 
ind Hugh Capet. It hM, hnwever, never recoTsred from ita frequeni 

Md EDgliSh. I 

n 1536 s 

etermined at 

ack OB the ■ 

own by Ibe troops 

Of ObMlea V, w 

a< vHoro 

sly repulsed 

ehleHy tbro 


named eeeqn 

to heve captnrid 

B hoiWe flsB w 

tt her 

«n banda. T 

rebsUt etler t flro 


'"Hftrtf. "''"""'"' "'^bltee 
wfTV. lower are lavishly 

sdoroeffwrib Sculpture, tbi 



of the (tone hu 


f the weither very 

iltlng of 
,, tCeton 

he inlertor d 

serves apaoU 

I, the bu-rel 

U, tbe ehotr-stilU, 

ud tbe bieb-Bl 

jr. wllh 

!B Btstne of 

hii.. by Girirdon: 

Dead and tbe Threi 
l-MliaJi sHJl.jl'!''. 
df M .dtLr{-le-(»<lIeau (HSt.81. HuUn), a small town OD the Autble, witb 
the icuily mint of Kchiteau, referred Id the t2lbcentnry,—38Vt M.A-^fanl; 
SS'lt K. SI. Pal. For these two stations &nd the connecKng railway, ie« 
p. 21, 43 Bf. Sn'oi ii the Junction for BnUr-Orenay (p. 18), Tbe railway 

.Fboh Abbeville to Dohfiubi-svb-Adthu (Cr^cy), 19 H., local rail- 
way joinine the branch from Noyelles {p. IS) it <10Vi M.| Fonil-rAUane. 
It Iben traverses Ihe Forat ef Oricy to (la ».i H/j hr. from Abbeville) 
■i tr. 70, 2 fr. 10, 1 fr. 50 c.) Orecy-en-Ponthieil cmtel du CmoB-d'Or), k 
hunlet famaui for Ibe victory won on Aue- ~><>th, 1316, by Edward III. of 
Enebind over PhlUp of Vilols, EIng of France. 

Tbe Enillsh army, after marching through Hormaiidy and threatenin( 
Fari*,hadbeuncompe]lei) to fallbuk towards thcH.E. before amnch superior 

(p^S), Ed ward^lL decided to bsiard a battle, iLndaelecled a favoarahle spot. 
The English, encamped on Ihe Geld, took up tbeirpnsitlDn be times, ats.dranlc, 
and resled, and awaited qaietly the onslaught of the French. Tbe latter 
marched from Abbeville, but the haughty French nobles brooked no discip. 

Froissatt, 'who were In three 'battles' (divisions) lying on the ground to rest 

feet, 'fair and easily, wllboul any baite. ani arranged Ibt^ir battles'. The 
llrst division was eommanded by (ho Prince of Wales — Edward, tbe Black 
Prince— assisted by the Earls of Warwick Kod Oxford -, tbe second waa under 
theEarlsofHorthsmptOD and Arundel; while tbe third. commanded by Ed- 

(only rccenUf deatroyed), Co the W. of Ihe present viibge. Tbe French king 
sent the Qenoeae crosa-bowmeo, about 15,000 in number, forward to the at- 

Engliab ranks until tbe flrat flight of bolls from the cross-bows fell among 
them. 'Then tbe English arcbera stepped forth one pace, and let fiy their 
arrows ao wholly and BO thick, that it seemed anow.' The Oenoese turned 
to nee, bui only (o be met by tbe French, who at the com- 

ThB deadly abower of elotb-yard abafia was kept up by theEngUshi the 
armour of tbe knlghti waa pierced, their horses became nnmaDageible, 
many fell, both horse and men, and tbe confusion apreid. The Iriab and 
Welah who formed a great part of Edward's forcea, armedarith long knlvea. 

ioAmUni. PONT-KEMY. I.Routt. 15 

DOW forced their w»y Into Ihs mel^ end, stabbliig the French horsM, 
bTOnght many Iniglitg to the ground. !□ the meuitime. the Counta ot 
Alencon and Flundeta at the head of (heir kBlghta forcefl their wa/ to 
the Black Prisoe'e line and presied hjm htrd. A meuBge wis Mst (0 
Edwud lU', alkise for help. '!■ m; sun hart, Dc dead, or on tlie eaiUi 
falledr ukedtheklng. 'No, Sire', was the reply, 'bnl ha iahsnilyniatclied, 

The French Bnally ea'e way and fled, leaving the English maXsri of 
the Held. King Philip rode with but Qye baroul to the cutle of Labroje, 
and thence to Jtmiens. The slaughter was very ercM. Froburt uya that 
11 princes, GO bumereti, 1200 kslghta. end aU,UXI footmen were sl^n on 

II (the now famllU; 

a pdnces was (he blind King Job 
LIS, wnoae eresi |uie now lunllUr 'PriDce of Wulc!''! Feelhers') ana 

etch djen') were adopted hf the Black Prlaee. SeTeral of bis 

kniihti, rastenlnf hie horse's bridle securely to their own, had led him 
Into the Oghl to 'strike one more good blow'-, all were killed, and their 
horses were found otter the bailie still tied together. Varioni estimates 
an elren of the respective forces on this occasion ; the Eoelish could not 
have numbered more IhaD 2fi,000, while the French srmy wu about 
100,000 strong. Afler the bcttle Edward III. continued his march to the 
M.B., end laid siege to CaH^s (p. 4). A Iradilion (probably erroneous) 
sayi that thli wai the Srit bittle In which cannoni were uied (on the aide 
o( the English). — To theW. ot (he viUaee is a croumarkine the apot 
where the body of John of Bohemia Is said to have been found. 

Another branch-line tuna from Abbeville to (% M.) Ea (p. SI} and 
jolna the Una to Li Trtpart (p. ST). 

85'/jM. Ponl-Remy, a Urge industrial rillago, with a csBlle, 
dating Id part fiom the i4th oi lOtb cent., which played an im- 
portant part in the Hundred Ycate" War with England. — 84'/a M. 
Longprg. The Campde fEtoUe, 31/2 M. to the E.N.E., Is perhaps the 
most interesting Roman camp in Fiance. 

FSOJI l.oscpB« TO La TbBpoki, 35Vs M., railway In li/rS'/i hra. (fares 8 fr. 
eo, 1 fr, 10, 2 fr. Efi c). - li/i X. Airainii (Fogte), on the river of the asma 
naine, baa (wo Imereatlng cbnrche*. About 3>/i)I. from (1U/,II.) OiicnunI 
ia the large (ndtgnii da Ramlmrii, a well-preaervad mediieval atronghold. 
At (33 M.) lengrot we join the line to Le TrSport liS Beanvais (p, SS). 

The branch -railway from I.onepri to (11 M.) CanapliM jolna hero the 
line from Amiens In Doulleng. Prevent, etc. (p. iS). Near (7 U .) Sl-Uger- 
Ui-Lomart^ on thla braDcb-line, la BtrUoaeovrt-taa-Damtif with a Eomau- 

WepiiBs uuder the line to Cauaplee. — 89 M. Bongtit. — 93'/2 M. 
Picqvigny, with a rained castle of the I6th century. About i^j^ M. 
to the N.E, lies the Homan Camp dc Titancourl or Qrand-Fort. 

96 M. Allly-iuT-Bommei 97ijiiil. DTeuil. The line now emerges 
from the valley of the Somme. — lOO'/t M. 51. Roeh, a subnrban ata- 
tioa(a[Amiens(p.26). Traversing two short tunnels, and a cutting, 
we now skin the houlevards on the S. aide of (102M.) Amittu(;p.'i%\ 

b. Tit Hazebrouck and Ams. 

iSO'ft M. (IZli/, H. from the Osce Marilime). HtiLwaT In T-Tl/, hrs. 
(fares Si ft. 96, li fr. 8S, 9 fr. 60 c. or BJ fr. SO, 15 fr. 6, 8 fr. Ifi c). 

Calaii, see p. 3, — I'/^M. Lta Fcntinetlti [p. 6J;2'/aM.i'o?il- 
de-Coulogne; B'/j U. Lea Attaguti. — The line diyerges from that 

16 flou(« I. ST. OMER. From Calalt 

via Boulogne, crosees the Canal de Goines, akirta tlie canal firom Ard- 
res to GravelSnes, and crosses the canal from St. Omei to Calais. 
To the left ia the Pont 8ani-PaTcU, » bridge huilt in 1762, with four 
branches spanning the tvo Uat-named canals. — 7!/iH. Ponfrif i4rd- 
r«i, whence a diligence plies to (3 M.) the little town of Ardrc!, 
which Itas another station on the railway from Calais to Anvin (p. 23). 
laVa M, AtidTuicq. — Wk M, Watten. 

A branch- rallwtT mna trom Watten to <I3 H.} Oratitina (p. B), 
Joining Uu Jine bom Calsla to Dunkirk at <S V.) BourbMirg (p. 6). 

Amarshf district, intersectedbynameroaG canals, is now travened. 

Q6M, at. Omer. - Hotel.. Hflisa. d« la Ponm-D-Oa >i d'Aboib- 
TERBI, Rue St. BertiD 13; DD CoMUBnoE, Rue Henri Supnia i; dmToIi- 

Ornnd'e Flue 26. — ' Oa^i, in tbe drinde p"ace.''-''pDit k Tele'giapb OttcV 
Kue Carnot 63. 

St. Omer Is an industrial and commercial town with 20,867 in- 
hah., and a fortress until recently, situated in a maish)' district on 
the Ai, which joins the Canal de Nenf-Fosstf near the station. 

Founded in the Tlbcenl.bjBt.Andomsrc or Onier,BiBhop of Tl^ronaniie 
(p. 11), tie town long formed part of Flanderi, andwaa often besieged, pil- 
luged, and borot. li, however, snccCBSfnllj resisted two itiacks by IbB 
Kneliih (1337 and I339| nnfl no leas thm eiett ty Iho French. Louis XIV. 

St. Omer like Bonlogce, win made the seat of n liishop in 1B5B, in place 
families reside' at St. Omat, for purposes of edncation and relrencLmenl. 
Leaving the station, we turn lo the left, cross the Canal de 
Neut-FOEsfi, and enter the town by the Rue de I'Arsenal, on the 
site of the former Porte de Lyzel. A little fvther on we pass the 
arsenal and a square with a bronie statue of Jacjueitne Roiini, 
a heroine of 1710, resembling Jeanne Hachette of Beauvais |^p. 3i). 
Farther on are the ruins of Si. Berlin, tie sole relic of the powerful 
abbey founded In 640 by 8t. Bettin, a mont of Luienil. TheiB 
consist of a huge toner, 190 ft. high, and nine arches, which be- 
longed to a church begun In 1326 and flnished In 1520, on a site 
previously occupied by two earlier churches. Childerlc 111. died in 
this abbey after Ibl, and Thomas Socket aho found a temporary 
asylum here on hla way to Pontigny in 1164, 

The long Rue St. Benin lends hence to the eentie of the town, 
passing, on the left, the CoUigt St. Bertin, and, farther on, the Cotte 
MUilary Hospital, a building erected after various fires (tlie last in 
1826) on the site of a college fonndad in 1592 by English Jesnita 
for tiie training of the Roman Catholic youth of Great Britain. 
Dr. Alban Butler [d. 1773), author of 'Livea of the Saints', was 
director of thU institution, and Daniel O'Connell was one of Its 
most famous popils. On the right, beyond the Soat-Prifteturt, is 
the CliuTcb of St. Dtnit, rebuUt In 1706-14, but still retaining its 
original lower of tbe 13th century, 

The'OiUTcliofNolTe-Dame, a large and handsome building dating 
chiefly fcom the 13-15th cent., lies to the left, beyond the end of 

toAmitni. ST. OHER. I. Route. 17 

tliB Bue St. Beitin. There ue fiini portals: one on the W., one on 
theH. BideaftIien>.Te,neuthemi>aBive'W. toner (160 ft. MghJ, and 
one M each end or the transept. The most elahorate la the S. portal, 
the tympanmn ofwhiehla adorned with a Last Jodgment. 

Ihtebiob. The cbapsla ubieh fringe the naTe are enclosBd b; beaij 
seieeoa of the ITlb and IStb cent., and contain painlings, lombs. and bu- 
rellefs. Id Ibe 3, aisle ia a group of the I3lh cent., rBprEientinf Ctaiisl 
between the Virgin and Bt. John, known as the'Or&nd Dion de Tb€ronanae' 

tSBtion. Tbe palpil and tbe confessionals are eicellenl specimens of wood- 
earring. In the second cbapel on the right: O-diCra^er, Jub; In ths ibird, 
A.di Fiiu, St. AldogDndarecelTingber nun's veil frnmheatec. On the Same 

the 'interior is the Ciapelti Nolri Dame del Jtiraclet, Id (ha S. tranaepl, 
tbe large gElded altar of wbicb (IHtb ceituij) is Bormonnted b; a wooden 
Bgnre of the Virgin, eiecnled In the IStb century. Oa tbe right ia apalnl- 
' g of St. aeorge and tbe dragon, by Zlegler; and opposite tbe altar ia 

,._,.. i.r — ,..._.. _ , ,^ Ijj yjh (jnjtii, ibOTE tbe latter are 

.. and elided. On tbe rlgbt side of tbe cboir- 
g by Pan iv't i'Beoder onto Cieiar tbe thingi 
tbat are CEeasr'i') and neir it, on one of tbe plllari, an ex voto offering 
of Dean De Lalaing (A. 1533}, consisting of a bas-relief In alabaster anl 
stone, represenllng the Hobren Children In tbe Fiery Furnace. Opposite is 

TOto of Deii^onrg, Christ descending from tbe Cross to tbe altar during a 
celabrsHon of the Communion. Adjoining the left side of the choir-screen is 

' . TheN.transeptcontains monuments and 
.eiii >:urrespoadlng to tbose On the S., a clock of tbe 
I of the CruclDilon. In the cbapei to the right are 
some intensllng Qtb cent, atabs. The left aisle and Its chapela also con- 
tain votlYB offerings sind paintings. 

The Rue Henri Dapnis conducts ua fiom the chief poital to the 
Qrande Place vl^ the fleh-market, in which, to the left, is the em&U 
Uuait Henri Duptiit (miscellaneous cnilOBltleg). In the Grande 
PlMs risee the Bdtel de VilU, t, modem ediflcei nhich al^o conUins 
tbe Theatre and the Jlfui^e de PeintuTt [chiefly Flemish paintii^a of 
minor importancei open Sun. and Thuts. 12-4). The Musfe Archio- 
Ioiri4ue,inthe old H6telduBaillige(18tlk cent.), in the same square, 
includes ancient and modern sculptures, including a btonie atatne, 
by Raggf , of the Dnke of OrUana, son of Loui» Philippe, and vuioos 
ottiei collections. The Rue deDunkerque, which leads hence straight 
across the town to the station, passes at some distance to the right 
otthe Church of St. Sepuiere, a buUding of the J3-14tlj cent., with 
a tower and spire 170 ft. high. Id the interior ie an Entombment 
by Qaap. de Ctayec. 

About I'/i U. to the 8.E., on the Canal de (Teuf-Fossd, is the Aitanieur 
dea FaDtinettea or d'Arjari (station, p. 11), a remarkable bydranlic lift. 

flve loeki and thos to shorten their joomey very conaidembly. The structure 
conslalB mainly of two enunnous metal caissouB, contsining aufflcient water 

1« Route I. HAZEBROUCK. Ftiytn Calaia 

atbsr riHB or ttMi owini lo the dlffsrenu In wdgbt. The differeiiee of 
Isrel Qius lurmountcd Ii about 40 ft. Al ths top the aiaeoat mre connected 

The DiEict Lrai ttom St. Omer to (Id'^ U.) Bngnelta 1: S'/i N. ihartci 
than the reilwiy vii Haiebtouok, hot la not traT«»ed bj tr^ns tor Atras. 

— At (3 H.) Artuti we diierEt fiom the line Cram St. Omu to Boulogne 
(p. III. - 12 M. Ain-mr-la-ty. (Clif d'Or; mi. d-AmiUn-i), a town 
witli 8160 Inhib., la tltuated it tho conflnence of Iba Lyi with three other 
alreaoiB, and at the janotton of three caneU. The church of El. Fiirrt 
(ia-I8th cent.l haa a handiome lower, and i» richly decoraled In Iba in- 

Fiam Aire to Berck >li Uanliaail-su>ller, ma pp. 13, 11. 

From St. Omer 10 Boulofna, lee p. 11. 

Near [29'/a MO Renttcure tbe lioe to Roalogue (p. 11) diverges 
to the right. Oar line approachas Hazebrouck ftvm the W., laarlng 
tlia railway to DankiTk on the left. 

371/2 M. Hasebronoh (Buffet-mui, at the itation ; du Iford, 
Place de la Gare), with 13,260 inbab., on the Bourre, is an import- 
ant lailHiy-junctloD, at the Inteieectioa of lines to Arras, Dunkirk 
fp. 83), Lille (p. 88], CalalB, and Tpree. Ths Church of St. EM 
fl6tb cent.) has an elegant and conspicuoua tower. 260 ft. high. 

FaoH auiBEOueit toYpbkb, SOM., raUway in i-H/i hr. (tares 2fr.9e. 
3 fr. 20, 1 fr. BO c). — T/i T£. OodjiMjrjrelds, the last French BtoUoo, ia 
•itaated at the foot of the JTonf d» CaU, on whlcb I9 a modern convent 
of Trapplst monki. The night may be spent la the coaveel, and the 
following day 4«voled lo eicursluns to ths Uonl Soir and the JfanI dc lalle, 
sandy and wooded hills on iha Belgian i^ntier. —At (9».) AbieU.UMBnt 
Belgian station, the custom-houie examlniUon is made. — 20 II. rpret 
Clile d'Or), with a very inleresUng oathedral and clolh'hall. See Batiilir'i 
Bagiimi and Eolland. 

RaxpMdi^ etc. 

Beyond Uuebrouck the train enters the Foreit of Niepft. 
111/3 ^- Sttmhteipit; 44 M. Tkitnnet, beyond which two canals are 
croaaed. — From (47 M.) Berguitte a branch-line luns to (9 M.) 

FromBei^uette ti>.dr)n(n(arM,aeep,99i to £1. Onwr, tee above. 

51 H. Lillers (Hfit. Lemaine), with T74T inhab., has a curious 
ebnrch In the Tr&nsltion ityle. Artesian wells deriTO their name 
from the district of Aitols, where the eaillest (still pointed out; 
66 ft. deep) is said to have been sunk at Lillers in the 12th centDiy. 

— At (pT/i M.) fbvqutrtvil the railway to Abbeville dire^es to 
the right (p. 14). 

b2 M. Bithnns (Hdltl du Nord; Lion d'OrJ, a msnnCacturing 
and commercial town witb 12,404 ichab., is situated at the junction 
of two canals. It was the capital of an ancient baiony and was one 
of the fortresses of Artols. Ths peace of Utrecht united it to France 
tnl713. The chief objects of interest are the Bel/'rjj, of the 14th cent, 
and the Church of SI. Vaatt, of the 16th cent., with cotumna of the 
13th oentury. — Railway to Lille, see p. 97; to Abbeville, see p. 13, 

62M. ^oeuz. — Cd'/iM.fuUy-QrnKi^ has important eoal-minei. 

Branch railways run hence to (ISi/r M.) Brias (SI. Fol and Abbevtlle; 
p. 13) and to (8 ■.) Violaint, (p. 97). 

10 Amiau. ARRAS. 1. Routt. 19 

70 M. Leni (HStel de Pranct; du Commtrct), an ancient town 
with 24,370 inhsb., sitnitod on the Soucttti or DcHe, was formBily 
fortifled, and was Itequently eiptaied in the waia of the 15th, 16t1i, 
and 17tti c«ntuiiee. Cond£ gained an important victory over the 
Spaniards in tlie neigbbourbood in 1648. Lens lies at the centre of 
the coal-flelds of the Pas de Calaig, which have an area of 190 eq. M. 
and Tield 6,000,000 tons of coal per annum, employing 25,000 hands. 

Fboh Lbsb tAKBAi) TO ABHEHTigBEB, 20 H., rsUway in l-l'/i hi. 
(fares 3 tt. 70, 3 fr. BO, 1 fr. 65 c). — B'/i M. Pml-i-VeaHa, Ihe jnntUon for 
C5Vi M) Vlolainei (p. 97); 7 M. Sai.™-iVonii, flie jnnclion at a line to 
BiHta-LiiUvd C»eaTielow), 10 M. Dm~aai«shm (p- SDi tl'/' "■ Vatria 
{p. 97). — M M. AnotttiiTti, see p. 99. 

FsoH Lbns to Libikcoubt, lli/i H., rsUwi; Id i/sbi'. (net p. 86). — 
The Itse forks at (&'/:><.) HtninlAkard, an BBClent tows nlth 14,^7 in- 
h.h iKe .one branch leBding to Llbercoait (p. 861, and the olber pto- 

n (see above), 
ri (p. 34) -fii 

Near (76 M.) Farbua-Vimy the railway to Canin diverges to 
the left (see above). The line now traverses the valley of the Scarpe 
by means of a viaduct and embankmente, and Joins the railway from 
Donai before ceacMng Arras. 

^ ^- fi F-ft l. — Hotel!. -Da l~1Th1veib, Place de la Croix Ronge, 
E. M, B.i;dfl:"3,, pens, 8'/!-Btr.i do Cobbbecb, Eno ftamhetU, 
Mi. 3, D. SVjtr., i»el, wine; nu Pktit 8t, Pol, Place du Thatre, K. 3, 
m. B, D. S'/jfr., incl, wine. — Oaf*i in the Place liu Th^itTBi BBfcl at 
tbe sUtian. - Feet Office, Bne Oambetta, 

Arrat, formerly fortified, with 35,813 inbab., situated on the 
right bank of the Scarpe, the ancient capital of ArtoU, is now the 
chief town of the department of Fai-di-Calaii, and the seat of a 
bUbop. Its grain-trade is very conalderable. 

Airaa vrat tbe capital of tbe Gralllc tribe of tbe AtrebaUi, under the 
, .,._., ., ,. .. u._. v..„ fimoin for its 

early as the 1th 1 

aeea the tepeetry- 
of them ere still 

rat bad a 


prejenei, espei 

^ally in E 


the ca 

me of the town Itaelt was 

used a. their c 

long been eilincl. 
r wbicb it waa (be 

The town fouo. 

-ed the foi 

uf It 

capital, pueing 

i>, marr 

lage fi 

of Fn 

'ST bMU?''o'rA'^n; 

Flandere Boi^n 
court (1415) tbe 

ndj again. 

, Germ 



. After 

Eneliah e 

>nd Fr< 




1 treaty 

of peace at Arraa. 

II was many li> 



JS bettveen France 

and Burgundy a 

f477 1-oul 

jnished its repng- 

nance to^tbeP. 

■ench yokt 


.s the name of the 




tlM of Fraice 

at tbe e.pen.e of 

the feudal state 

dj. A, 


: *'™'? 

oraledwltb France 

r Jatlpli (1769 
the 'Terror' i 

The Station, in tbe new quarter that has sprung up £ince the de- 
molition of the fortifications, stands atone end of a broad thorough' 
fare traveiBing the town under various names (Rue Gambetla, Eue 

20 BouU 1. ARRAS. From Colol* 

Gmegtale, Rae St. Aabect, etc.). On the taft Bido of the Rue Qaa- 
betts liee tb« new Foit Office and, faithei od, the pretty modern 
Tout de< VTiulina, the spire of -which uss overthtowri by » storm 
In 1876. The tower, which U In the TruisitlOD etyle, was built in 
Imitation of the Bmiller tower of L> Seinte Chandelle, which foimeclj 
adorned the Petite PUce, We Teach the Utter Place and the H&tel 
de TiUe b; the Rue St. OSty, which leads to the right a little 
farther on. 

The Petite Plant and the Brandc Place, united by a large street 
in the same style, are curious relica of the period of Spanith dom- 
ination, in the 17th century. Both ate snrronnded with unltonnly 
built houses, with arcades below, sapported by monolithic sand- 
stone ooluronB, and cnrioos gables above. No. 49, Grande Place, 
dates from the 14th century. Beneath the Qiande Place and other 
paTts of the town are huge enbteiranean magazines and cellars, 
originally quarries and known as 'boves'. 

The "Hotel de TUIe, built in the 16th cent, by Jacquei Caran 
and restored fiiTTie 19th cent., is one of the handsomest In the N. 
of France,. wiUi_ _a flae-Golhic fetade , rising upon seven arches of 
dift^nt siiea. The lateral fajadea are in an elaborate Renaissance 
style ; that on the N. Is modem. The two large saloons on the first 
floor contain Gothic irood-carTing and large chimney -pieces. The 
graceful Belfry, which terminates in a crown, le 240 ft. high. The 
'Baudocqne' or 'Joyeuse', the largest bell, dates from 1728 and 
weighs nearly 9 tons. 

The ebnrch of SI. J4an BtflUlt (IBth cant.), near tha Petite Place, 

Farther to the N, are the estensive buildings of the former 
Abbey of 8i. Vaast, now occupied by the Bishop's Palace, the Grand 
S^minaire, and the Mua^e. The Qarden is embellished with bronze 
busts of eminent natives of Arras. 

The Mtrs^H, including a gallery of paintings and an archsologlcal 
collection, occupies most of the groundOooron the N.W. or garden 
side (see below). The public are admitted |^10-1 and 2-5) every 
Sun. from June to Sept., and on the Hrst Sun. of each month daring 
the rest of the year (entr. from the garden) \ for adm. on other days, 
visitors apply to the concierge, at the large portal in the PUce. 

aTOund Floor. Booh I, entered from the Place, contUns nQUiliig im- 
poTtaDl; Id an adjoining eabinet, tbe Holy Child sleeping, bas-relief by 
UUt Fraaapi. — B. II la hung chleOy with madam palnlingi of lUght 
ImporUDCB. To tbe right; No number, £i{. dilAiqi, Before the tnaglitrate; 
196. T<iim, Ceiuj 9S9. French Bclual. Ecie Homo; 130. BaUa, Sea-piece; 
no nambeT, /"lantiHirt, UomiDg In the Creuse; 6^. JVim-^Vrrfi), Women 
or Cancale; I. Alaux, Flsbermeu &«wine np Iheir nets; 13- Em. Bnlon, 
Slonn; 1S6. SSHnil. Battle of Quiberoni 26. CoNn, Bar of Biduica; 
n. aiaiit, Hnman foiij; no number, TaUeoraiT), Enlry of Louis XI. Into 
Parili 15l. Sibren, Cathedral of Vienna^ 7. Bo-lhm, llais In AuverEne; 
lit. ZtudKn-, Departure of crusaders for the Holy Land; lETT. Br^ltr, Death 
of the Doge Foscaii i 113. / " " ' " ■■ " " 

139. Uortl-Falio. Tort 

ABRAS. 1. Sorttt. 21 

itgUry HeoFt IV ud Nngnsrile of Vdoiii 

R. III. as, B. Collin, Idyl. — WO. Van Lon. Louis XV; IS. /, BriUm, 

Martyrdum of SI, Stephen, —li. eoKWer, WomM witi ber demd ttiild; — 
39, Oorct, Moraine tSecl; 16. J. Brilm, Kepoia; 19. !f. Blai, Odaliiquee. ' 

Ws nsit enter Ibe Cujistibs, wblcL u-e devoted to Uie .^rrnaiola^rcal 
rolleclioB of Bculptures end arcblteolonie frigmenla, etc. ITie gallerr *o 
tlie lefl conlelni cojlei of painlinga, piuter cute ifler tlie uitiqne, nod * 
luige wooden modei of the cithedril (lee telaw). The beat asulptuTU «e on 
llie rigbt aide, et Uie end, near ttie enliince lo the remtdoine rooma of 
Uie nictnre-B»llery. 

&. IV. 63, 66. fan Eiim. SUU-life; 63. Van D,rJi. 31. Sebtnitm. — 
TO. OoWrim, Qolden Afe; 20. Canafetto, Departure for the (hue; S3, n, it 
OliaiKaitnem, Portrait of i wommi IK. Stghiri, Floweri] 133. Oudtv, 
Foi-hnnti IM. N. Mam. Anne Merla achurmano, t, leernek ledy; l&. 
" ■•- ■ "•- ■■■- ■ ■ " f .. . ,a bectbanleB, 19a. OOering 

t. Interior) lU, IIB. Ltroy, 

qnemT'lSTVSw'iMiVFBmiiy-cOMCert;"^^ a»ideri, »oar-huD(. ~ 16s"68* 
Small pictures by Itattri Ai rmafir; 3S. Van OraiOiki, Flemish topers; 
iSB. Virirugfm Me yoangrr, ChUdien adorning a aUtne of Fan^ no num- 
ber, A. and J. Bolh, Large landicape. 

PiMt Floor. On the landiog. Model of a eblp offered by the SUtea 
OC Artoie to the American Colonies in tbe War of Independence. — The 
gallery and tno rooms contain pato lings, nortriitg, views, and sculptures 

In tbe aune bulldiag are preserved the £t&rarr(40/>ix)(ola.i 1130 UBS.) 

The Cathedral, at the N.E. angle of tie abbey-buildings (eiitr. 
on week-days by the N. Irajisept-door, Rue MtfaiJenB, beyond the 
garden), waa built in 176o-18B3 to succeed the old abbey-church. 
II contaiDB aoins good paintings, including a Descent froto the Ccosa 
■nd an Entombment, attributed respectively Id Rubens and Van 
Uyck (both In the ambulatory of the choir), atid three sinall triptycbs 
and a flue Head of Chriet in the N. transept. In the S. transept is 
a St. Bernard supplicating inspiration from heaven, by Van Thulden. 
The high-altar is adorned with a bas-relief in gilded bronze. One 
of the ehapek contains a Madonna by Cortet, and tvro modern 
monnments of bishops. 

The flrst street to the left of the garden of St. Vaaet crosses the 
busy Rue Si. Auberl, near the nspilal St. Jean (to the right), in 

22 -BouU 1. A.LBEBT. front Calatl 

front of wMch Ie a Staltit ofAbbeHalluin (1820-95), diBtlngulsliBd 
for bis charity. At the end of the Roe St. Aabert dses the Fountain 
ofNtftune; thence the Kae Bandimont leads on to the town-gate, 
which fonned part of the old TampaitB. To the left the Rne do 
I'Arsenal leads to the modem Romanesqiie church of ifolrc Dame- 
da-Ardentt, with a fine polpit and the tomb of Mgr. Lequette, by 
Lonls-Noel. — - The streets running parallel with the bairaclis lead 
to theBouleTard Creapel and to theProntcnaiffs, with their fine trees. 
Beyond these is the Citadel, constructed by Vauban in 1670-74, aur- 
named 'La Belle-Inutile', and now partly dismantled. — In the Rue 
d' Amiens, bejond the barracks, Is the elegant ChapilU des Damei 
du St. 8'ierement, a modem construction in the Flamboyant style, 
by Grigny. — The Rue d'Amiena leads hence bach to the Rue St. 
Aubert; the new bouleTarda next (he promenades bring us direct 
to the station. 

A brancb-mnwuy tuhb from Anu to (327; U.) Dtallni (n. 34). — 
From Arras (o BBahe"', aes p. 11; (0 Doaai and ValHidima, p. 73. 

Beyond Arras the lines (o Doullens and St. Pol (p. 24) diverge 
to the right. From (83 H.) Boiileui a branch-line runs to (^^/i M.) 
Cambrai (p. 721 fiS (i^Vi M.) Marqalon. — 94 M. AchUl. 

A branch-railway runs from Achlet lo (Kflh H.) Mareotng (Gunbral). 
— 4'/? >'■ Bapaums (EO. dt la Fleur), a small towD at SUS inhabitanls. 
A Stalve of Oaieral FaidluTln (IS1S-89|, by Louii-HoSI, recalls Itie great 
battle of Jan. 3rd IBTl, as the result of whtch the Germans fell back be- 
hind the Somme. — lO'/i M. Vilu-BcrUaeimi'l. Branch 10 Epehy (p. 12). — 
20Vi K. Marcoing, see p. Ti. 

97 M. Miraumonti iOO tS. BeaucouH-Hamtl. — 105 M. Alb«rt 
CTfle de Boeuf), an industrial town with 6740 inbab. on the Anerir, 
which forms here a pretty waterfall. Tte church ol Notre-Dame-Bre- 
biirei, recently restored , attracts numerous pilgrims. The village 
was called Ancre nntil the raign of Louis XIII., who presented it 
in 1617 to his favourite Charles d' Albert, Due de Luynes 

137 MO OsulJn. (p. 24)i 
m (p. 97). 

and E. vii (21 II.) PironiK (p. 72) K 

110 M. mTieourt-Rlbimont. — 115 M. Corbie (H6lel du Com- 
mtnt; de France), with 4300 Inhab., was once celebrated for Its 
Benedictine abbey, of which the Cfttircft of SI. Pim'e(16-18th cent.) 
still remains, though disfigured at the beginning of the 19th cent- 
ury. The Imposing portal, with its two towers, is well seen from 
the railway. 

The Somme is now crossed. — 117 M. Daoura, at the con- 
fluence of the Somme and the Halhie. On the banks of the latter 
was fought the battle of Dec. 23Td, 1370, between Manteuffel and 
Faldherbe, which compelled the latter to fall back on Arras. 

The Somme is crossed twice. The line lo Tergnier diverges to 
the left. — 118 M. Longueau, whore passengers to or from Amiens 
change carriages, as the through-trams between Arras and Paris d< 
not run Into Amiens sta 

120Vi M. Amimi, si 

c. yu AnTiB, Bt. Pal. Privtot. and SouUtni. 
IISH. RiiLW*! <n 11 big. (faiea aboul 19 fr. 90, 66, 10 fr. aS c). 
Then ue no Ibioacli-lii^ng ot Ihroaeh-tlckels on tbli route, m tbe Dirroir- 
rauee line rrom C^idi lo (S0 U.) .itfinn doci not belong to the Compsgnle 

The tnioB atart at Calais-Saint- Pierre, see p. 6. — l/j M. Calaii- 
Fontltuttet. At (2 M.] Coulognt the line to PatIs via Boulogne 
diverges to the right, an^ the line to ArisE to the left. 3 M. VEchae- 
Carrie; i</i M. BaacValoit. 

5Vs M. Qalnei I'I'iZJc dt Calalt), a town with 4157 inhab., 
formeriy the capital of the Comtea de Guinea and at one time Tort- 
Ifled, l6 connected with Calaia by a canal and by a tramway (p. 4). 
To the S. extends a laige forest. Gutnes was taken by the English 
in 1352 and held by tham for 200 years. 

71/2 M, 4ndm. — 8V3M. BalinghernvK the scene in 1520 of the 
famoaa meeting orthe Field oftht CLath of Gold between Henry VIII., 
who had taken up hia abode at Guinea, and Francis I. of France, who 
lodged atAcdres. The Interview waa so named from the larieh magiii'- 
licence with which the two kings entertained each other. 

The princely lodging M Ooines, lays Lord Hetlierl ot Clierbnry, wa* 

}ieeii artiacially fr&med In England, were now put togalher and afterwards 
taken aaundei, and bionglit borne, Tbii again was moal anmptuously 
fucniahed; eapeciall; tbe cbapel; (lom wbicb a private gallery reached to 
the MroDg castle ot Sulnei. The hoose for Francis (near Ardres) naa a 

could be gotten in hulei Ui Arst tntentlon being' to lodge'ln a rich 
pavilion of cloth of gold, until the wind threw it down.' 

IOV2M. Arrf«) (Paillardieu), a small town, formerly fortified, 
lies about 3 M. from the railway between Calais and Arras (p. 16). 
— At (IS'/a M.) Bomninptes the railway ia joined by the line from 
Le Portel and Boulogne [p. 11), and at (31 M.) Lumbret it CTOSsea 
the line from Boulogne to St, Omer (p. 11) and antera the valley 
of the Aa. — 37</2 M. Merck-St- LiMn has a floe church of the 
13-17th centuries. Beyond {40 M.) Fauquembtrgae, a small town 
with a fine church of the 12th, 13tb, and 15th cent., we quit the 
valley of the Aa. — 441/2 M. Rimevz-Ooumay is the Junction of 
the Montreuil-Berck line [p, 11). 

491/2 M. FmgOB (Trow Pigtom, etc.), an ancient place with 3080 
inhabitants. To Berck and Montieull and to Aiie'sai-la-Lya, see 
p. 11. 

Abont B'/i M. lo the S. of Frogea, and t.e far to the N.W. ol the alik. 
tlon ot Blangj aor-Ternoiae (p. U), lies Aginroun or Aiinesnrt, famona 

l"glllh't?oo7s'Ilumhered'°a'boiit 90Mi the Frtn;h'"'nol' lES. than OO.OOo! 

by the 

complete, a* Ibi 



Mhmen Uj 


It lorda wtr 


24 Bottte 1. ST. POL. From AmUni 

pnFpotea of dsfeDGS, vu lU-islted (or BUaek; and the TteBcli leadati, 
nu-bed by tha Qipeiieaca or t^r^ej bad PoltlerB, reaolved tt> await Uio 

mlty ground on the English front- But at Ibe flrst ilgn of movement 
Henry had b&lted bla line, and filing in the ground the sharpened stakes 

fllehti Into the boalllo ranks- The carnage was terrible, for though the 

D at Cr^oj. Eleven thousand 

At (59V2 M.) Anvin, tbe JnnctlaD of the line to Boulosne 
(p. 11), tbe narrov-gsuge line ends. 62'/^ M. Waorani. 

691/2 M. Bt. Fol (H6ttt d'Angletrrrt), a town with 3956 tnhab., 
, sitaated on the Ternoiit, aattereA severely in Ihe «ari of the 16th 
cent., and did not finally pass to Franca until the treaty of the 
Pyrenees in 1659. 

Lines toArra* and Bouloffnt, see p.ll^ to Buil^-Grvma^ and Zom, p. 19, 

70 M. PtIU-Houvin. The lailTray now quits the valley of the 
Teraoise for that of the Cancht. — Ti'/a M. TrAvent {Rdul d'Amitm, 
good), with 4556 inhab., Is the junction of lines to Abbeville (p. 12) 
and to Lens (p. 19). The church of 81. Vmut (partly 16th cent.) has 
good modern etaiiied-glaBS windows. — Beyond (81 M.) Bouqiit- 
maiion the line descends towards the valley of the Authit. 

86 M. Soulleni (BStel d« Qualrt-FiU-Aymon), an industrial 
town with 5253 Inbab., on Ihe Authie, is the centre of a consider- 
able trade in phosphates. The Citadel is now used as a priaon for 
women. — Branch-line to Albert, see p. 22; to Arrai, p. 11, 

On quitting Doullens,the railway crosses the Authie, and beyond 
(89 M.) Getaineourl It begins to ascend asitleaveslhe valley of that 
river. We then descend through the andulstlng and wooded Talley 
of the Fielfe to (96 M.) CanapUa (branch to Longpri, see p. 15), 
100 M. Vignacovrt. an industrial viUage. — 103 M. FUttelUt. 

in 1888, forming practically a vllUBe, with streets •/sU. In agftregate 
length, flanked with chambers of various hinds. 

110 U. Loagpr£-lii-Aaiiem. The jSomrru is crossed, and the 
Gart de St. Boch passed. — 113 M. Amiens, see p. 26. 

n. From Amiens to Farii, 

Sb VU Creil. 
8i'/j M. BiiLWiT In lih-S'h hrs. ((ares ii fr. TS, 9 fr. 90. fl fr. iC bJ. 

The tialB) slarl from tbe Qare du Hord (PI. O, 1). 

(o Parii. LIANGOUBT. 1. BouU, 25 

At (2'/t M.) Longueao (Buffet) the lines to Ansa, Lille, etc. 
divMje to the left (p. 23). — S'/j M. Bores, nith a toined taetle 
on & LiU to the light. (Bailvay toCompiegne, eee p. 104.) — The Une 
tollowa the valley of the Soye, passing several peat-boga. 12 M. 
Aitly-mr-Noyt, with a church partly of the 13th cent., containing 
a fine monament of the l&th centnry. — 16 M. Ln Faloite. 

Abonl m, H. to Ibe S.E. (can. 2 fi.) ii Follaville, wilb ■ CAveA 
(I6«i cenl.) tonlaiDing (be tomli of Eaoul de L.nncy (d. IKB), mainly 
liy Aulonlo dcllB Poita, and otber InteKitlng BralpUces, and s ruined 
Ca(/Ie of the same period, Ibe walchtower of which Is eiiU etaadine. 

The line here tiaveisee a chalky <1istrict, belonging to the cal- 
caieauB aystem nhich begins in the Gfite-d'Or, forms the Cham- 
pagne district, passes into Picaidy, and le-appeare in the cliffs of the 
S. coast of England. — 22V5 M. BTeltuil-Oare is connected by a 
branch-line, i'/^ M. long, with the small town of STeleuil (2830 in- 
hab.J. — 27 M. Gannei. The lailway now quits the basin of the 
Somme and enters that of the Seine. — 32 M. St. Jnit or Si. Jtut- 
tn-Chautsie (Ckeval Blanc), with 2515 inhab., la named from its . 
position at the intersection of two Roman loads. 

A brandi-line rone bence lo (11 M.) La Jtac-SI-Piem, wbcre il joins 
the line Fiom Clermanl to Seauoaii (lee below). Local lines alao run la 
(14 B.) Esb-iri-at-DmH (p. 101) and |12Vi M.) Freiui/. — K^waj lo Com- 

40 M. Clermont-de-l'OiM (flSlei St. Andri, well apoien of), 
a town with 5723 inhab., Is beautifnlly silaated on a hill-slope, 
commanded by an ancient donjon, or keep, now naed aa a ptiaon 
for women. The Church of St. Samson dates ftom the 14-16th cent, 
and has recently been well restored. The interesting Hotel de Ville 
was bnilt in 1320 by Charles IV. le Bel, and restored in 1887. 

A bruich-r^lway tudi from Glemiont to 06 M.) Btaiaaii, (laveriing 
the Forul nfHn, and paiaing (23i/! M.) Ln-Jtiu-SI-Piem {see atove), Brala, 
and (31 ».) BQchyCoidi (p. 33). — 36 H. Btauvait, see p. 33. 

Anotbet bruicb tudi lo GS M.) Cetapiirm (p. 1<^. Til (13'/i U.) Euri/t- 
SI-DiaU (p. 104). 

45 M. XiMiconxt-soni-Clermont (HSt. du Chemln-de'Fer-du- 
Nord), an indoatiial tovn with 4000 inhab., contains the ruined 
chateau (17th cent.) of the dnkes of Larochefoucauld-Liancourt and 
a Statue of Dvke Frldfrie Alaandre (1747-1827), member of the 
Constituent Asaembty in 1789, dislingnished for his philanthropy 
and for his encouragement of agriculture. In the church are (vo 
interesting monuments. 

48 M, Orcit. Thonce to Paris, see p. 102. 
b. Tit Beau va is. 

92 U. Bmwii Id ti/i-l</i lirB. (fareB lU fr. 70, 11 Ir. 30, 7 fr. 30 c). 

On leaving the terminus at Amiens, Che train skirts the boulevards 
to thaS.oftha town, passing through two short tunnels and a cutting. 
la/^M. St. Rock, a suburb of Amiens (see p. 26"). Beyond (&Vs M.) 
Saltux we Join the line from Rouen (see p. 32). — Several small 
etattons, including (14i/s M.) Conly, the fine church of which, 

^O Routt S. AMIENS. PraeUcal Notei. 

dating in part from the !5th ceTit., contains sculptuies of the ifttb 
and 16lh centnites. — 25 M. Crivecoair, with merinO'inanufBctiiTae. 
The railway descends as it passes from the haein of the 8omme into 
that of the Seine. — 30 X.Oudeuil. — 32' /jM. St. Omer-fn-OiauitU. 
Line to Le Tttfport, see p. 36. — 37 M. MontmitU, with a cariooB 
church OTer a crypt, of the 9th and 12th cent; 41 M. St. Just- 
lea-Marai), The'line now descends the right banli of the Thtrain, 
which it crosses, leaving the lines to Qoarnay and Gisors (p. 36) 
on the right. 

43 M. Stauvah, and thence to Paris, see pp. 33, 32. 

2. Amieni. 

Eailimy SUUani. Oart da Nord or dj Setoa (PI. 0, 4^ BulTcl). ll'e 
chief sUdon ana general terminus tor all traiM. Oare SI. Roch IV\ C,4I, 
lo the B., where Ibe lines la Rouen and BeauTaii dlrerge fiee pp. Ifi, !»). 

Entail. Hdnt de Bhih (PI. h< 0,*), Sitn. di l'Uhivub (PL a; 
a, ll, bnlh Kue de Koyon and Plare SI. Denii, flri^t class, B. from 1, B. li/i. 
d€j. 3. D. 5, omn. Vi-"/* t'- i '"i. FBtnce bi d-Asglsieskb (PI. c •. E, F. 1), 
Rue de la Repnbliqne 9, Dearer tbe cenlis of Ibe town, K. from S, B. K/i, 
D. 1 fr. — ECD DB FatHCB (PI. fi a, 1), Sob de Koyon, K. from S, &. i-lV<, 
ay 3, D. 31/^ ft.) DaPAEiB(Pl. d; G,4), Rue deIfo;aa, to the left of Ibe 
Oare du Iford; Boissr (PI. e; E, 3), Une Ste. Haignerlte; ^D CkuneBUK 
(PI. ei F, 4), Bne des Jacobing. B. 3Vt. B. IVi, dJj.S, D. 3i/ifr.; dbuP*ix 
(PI. b; E, 4), Bue Dumdril 15, R. Si/i, B. 1, d^i. or D. S (Incl. wine), 
omn. irr.; DiBoDBHtDE LI PosTB (PI. 1 j E, 11, Rue Dumi^rilUj Cboix 
BLtNcaE (Fl. k ; E, 1), Rne de Beauvaii 44. 

Oafei. mf<mr<iimulk, Rue des TroiB-CalUoo. U, and others in the 
■ame atreet. 

Cabs. For 1-2 per!., per drire 75 c., per br. li/jfr.i 3-4 pen., 1 (r. 
aud 1 fr., each </< Hr. eilra 50 e. 

Tramwayi (eomp. Plan): 1. From St. Acbeul (PI. H, 4) l« Uonlliros 
(PI. A, 1) Tin the Place (}ambEtla (Ist sectiou| tnd the cburcb nt St.Flrmln 
(Sad sect.); 2. From tbe Fauboure St. Pierro (Fl. 0, 1) lo the Hippodrome 
■A. From (he BouleTurd de ChSleaudun (P1.D,B) to tbe c«nieler;of LaKade- 
,,,-. .T., •> -, ..,, ■'--'■'--eOambtlla (latfecl.) and Ibe Eeole St. Maurice 

(2nd aecl.). Fares: ist class IB, 20, 
secUona; 2ndclass,10,15,ada>f> - 

Tor res ponds nee' at the Placi 

Post <t Teleeraph oiitt (PI. E, S), Pl> 
— ""-1 also at the Oare du Kord. 

, Rue dcs Tri>ls-Cailloui 69 (PI. 

. F, 5). 

Boim du Logii-dH-Btl, in the ] 

rtUt de Cana!-di. a specialty of Amiens, maj he obtained good at 

Amitnt, the ancient capital of Picarift), now that of the depart- 
ment of the Somme, and one of the principal manufactaiing t^iwns 
in France, with 90,758 inhab., is situated on the Somme and its 
affluents the Arve and the Bcllt. These streams form numeconi 
canals in the lower part of the town. The prlDcipal manufactures 
are linen, woollen stuffs, silk thread, cashmeres, and velTet. The 



central pstt of the to'wa 1b eurroanded by hBndeome boulevarilg on 
the site of Ibe former fortifications, of whicb the citadel (p. 32) is 
the only reiic. 


ip. The 

■uffered toei 

ely fntm Ihe Id- 

cursions ot the 

Ceded In 





and 1 

D 1597 it HrU 

Bnrpiiied by the 

Splnilrda but 



In 1803 Ihe 

Peace et Amieni 


:n ¥»nc< 

B. Great BriUln. Spa 


i by IheOemi 

una after the 1 

Battle of Amienal 

which consists, 


. Dui 


f ™fnT.™Th1 1 

ricinltjlii. 97), — 

ft<"'rt«ifo™(< (d. 



Bl^..„ (1600 B9), 



-1648) >. 

Id er, 


, ■be poets, «.d 

On quitting the station, we cross the BDuUnardi, itbicb mark 
the limllE of the old totm. Immediately opposite is Ihe Roe de Noy- 
on, fblch we foUow to the Hace Si. Denii (PI. F, G, 4}, embellieh- 
edwlth a bronze statne otDucange (see shove), by Caudion. Falthei 
on Is the Roe des Trois-Gailloai (p. 28). the chief Etreet of Amieni. 

The Hue VictOT-Wigo leade from the Plac« SlrTlehTs' to the 
right, passing the Dioiaip^ Palais dt Jitst'ct (PI. F, 3, 4), to the — 

* CathedT ftl (PI. K, 3),' one of the most imposingaotblc churches 
In EriTopeT^ected t n 1220-88 by the architects Sobtrt de Lu- 
uuchtt, Thomai de CormonI, and his son R(pna«il. Leugtb 4Tflit, 
length of tianEBpt 213 fL, width of nave 141 ft. The heaviness 
of the building, which is on three sides masked by unsightly 
houses, is insufficiently relieved by the lofty and eilremely slender 
s£i»jjj(«t the transept, 360 ft. in height, oi 146 ft. above the 
j^^re-orectsiiaJB29. TlTTTwo uncompleted toweYt of the.W. 
fa^^e. belong res^ectiyely to die 13tb and IStlj cenTi'the former 
beijug 18f ft., the UttBr2!0 ft.lnh6iglit,'But like tie centraTspiFe 
they are'To'o small for th6~e3i5ce''TTie BliiJiiBalW.Poital, one of 
the fi nest p arts of the building, was completed towud^.'be end of 
the litCwntu'ry. The ca thedr al was restored by VialUl-le-Duc. — 
The tower over the transept may ¥e asceniJeJ C'PP'y '* the keeper 
under the W. porch of the facade). 

The 'FAeiDB conlalna thres loflf recessed forchu, riclily adorned 
with Tt1lefa~»nr8tKtB«s." To the tuDpaaum above the door of Ihe central 
porch 19 ■ relief of Ihe La^t Judgmeat; ISO >tatuiu'1tt'TB«-'vi'nnTiig 
.re^eFeat ihe celestial hieruVBf, i('lAr«~the larte gtatuei on each side are 
the ApoillM and olher holy porsonȤe3. The doors of thU central pg^ch 
are aepsraled by the 'Aaan Dieu d'Amfeni\ an'idrDirable ftgnre of the 
Savloni. holdJof Ihe ODSpeTr~nrW!nift hand and hestoning a bleaaing 
with hlB right, while he tramples under (out a lion and a dragon. At tbe 

— Thk rlfiht Binrh U ornamented in a similar Vayi above the doors, the 
EntoDibmeni end the Asaumpllon of Ibe Virgin, lieneath, a figure of lbs 
Virgtit, and ttiU lower, Adam and Eve; al Ihe sides, the Annundalion, the 
Vlsflatton. and the PresBDlaUon. the IJaBen of Sheba, Bolomoa, IbeMagi, ele. 
The medalliODa below repTcienl icenes from the life of the Virgin. — 

28 Route S. AMIENS. Cathedral. 

Tlie jeft po rtli li dedlcalsd to St. Firmin, the apostle at Picurdy. In tlia 
^innfflBni;nreInyeiillonana G:lorific»t!onof therelica of Ihe Buint; batwaen 
the Sums, i figure of SI, FlrDiini il IhB jidM, olher «»lnta o( the dUlrtcl. 
ThB medillioM rtpreeent the ilgna of Iha iodise mid employmtnt! auiUbla 
(or Mch acMoa. — Tiit^^isM.i A": snunoiintod by bamtifiiltaiies, on 

gsDsry, a row of nlctass cODtsining tweotf-lwu coloissl statues of kings or 
Jodoh, B nsgDificent rose-niq4(|g 38 ft. in diuneter, ind <it th« top) a 
{Bllery loonectlng tBe~fflWef!. ■.— ■- 

The b«MlUtU 'Stde Fobi:ij.b ue bIbo adorned with Dumerous Sat 
alataes. Tbo ro^-i^rnHow .bov'e the porcb of the B. trmepi leprelsnts ■ 
'wheel of foitune'; sdjoinln^ the lecond S. porch ia i italse of St. ChiillDpher. 
The ». pOTch li ilmpler than the olberai and tlili side of the church 1> 
ptillT maiked by the bishop's palace and other bnlldings. 

The ■ luTtBiOJ consists of nave, transept, ^sles, and choir, all flanked 
wilhchapeftTTEeflcenaTerlses to the Tery unusual lielaht o f li7 ft., belne 
surpassed in this respect by the ealhedral of Beanvais aJone. ^TGevaulUng 
ii borne b; IJIi.ttiMIlaUT taJd columns, tapering towards the top, lo- 
that the vaulting teems actually niJer Ihan the pavement below. Aboys 
Ihe nave <■ a TrVorimn. ""IilV. IB'j? p"-i-i and In the Iraosepta are 

nr^ZXuif »i^»rf br the two bishops who founded the church, one on 
each Bide of Ike nave, are flne wotStin^hWOie-.MlJJMiJSIh century. The 
ufni.»h i i.] |-nti mrnin a (tBib ceut,} of Ihe ihapels are north nolice. Beside 
the screen (by 3e-n Tojrbo) at Ihe enlrante to the choir are marble 
statues of 8t Vincent de Panl and San Carlo Borromeo, ereclBd in 1T5S. 

o( SI. Jame^W7fr-^TrTtaferrom"'ebe;gi"n^ro°'thll'6^^^^ b'bIow 

Contr^rie de Notre Dame du Pny, a Bodely fonndea for the encouragement 
of literature and art. 

The similarB'Ke.'i In Ihe N. traoiepl, of the same period, represent 
the expulsion oTtm Wbney-chhng*** anfl other events in lie hWory of 

usalem. The «iclenf fuUs.bfiatde Jhem probably flati 
~" tombiiinEeaae' (p 2t) "od Cai " ' "' 

.. nville (I6t1i cent.) are a'stijjklhii laaifpt. 

The exterior of the ch'<ir-sVr<;eo U adorned with coloured and gilded 
■Hij/i Rslii/i. MpTc'^BtltTK on lift ». fliie, the history of John the Baptist, 
onTBTSTside, the lives of St. Firmin and St Salvius, sculptured in IIM 
and 1S30, 

Behind the high-BllBr la the tomb of Canon Lticai, with the ' Mnfm l 
piiariu'Ti IIIUM'lMfcHred, but overraled marble angei by Bl asset TITO). 

be seen in the side-chnpefa, ' 

The chu'ch contains several other Interesting monuments, lnc1udiD{ 
a very antique Bguie of Christ (known as 'St. Sauven, in a gilt robe. In 
the 3rd chapel on the H. of the nave. - Th . b..ii»fiii lv carved "Chcir 
Hii.llt. 110 .^luiinber, were executed In 16(6-25 by jMnlWpin and three 
as^iarSflfe. ^erc are no fewer thaoJ9J10aeii,r^, the finest being. thOlS, on 
the hand-raili. o{ Ihf steps. The luhjects are chTERy Scrfptuial , but 
varimn ivorlilly occupation' are also repreicnied. The nrrBmldt] ornaioents 
above the sialic are_i(Jit.l4afi. — l>mp. Js>)m Bvikio, The EMble ofAmlens. 

At the back of the church liaas a meillociTe statue !n bion;a of 
Peler the Remit (PI, F, 3), or Pierre of Amien, (sea p. 27). 

The Rue Italj£i(ai^*Jdiaaiches, beginning opposite the 9. portal 
of the Ca-thedriil and paBSinR the Palais de Justice (p. 27], lead* 
back lo the Kue dei Tfoiz-CaiUimi, the buEiest itroel in the town, 
vilth the beat shops, tbe Thtati* (PI- F, 4 ; 1T73-T9), and the hand- 
some I'as^at^e la Etnaifianct. At the W. end of tbsBue des Ttois- 
Cailloui is (he PlHcc fTambella, in wliith is a f'ifi c^'.mtr, in gilded 

Mtatt dt Pieardie. AMIENS. S. BouU. 29 

and enamelled iron, by Em. Bleqaiei, with the broiUB Bgnie of a 
girl at the base'by Alb. Raze (1897). 

Turning here to the left, we follow the Bue de la R^pablique, 
which leads to the boalevarda. Ou (he right, ia this street, U the 
Church of^t. Eemt (PI. &, 1), which has been under reetoiation 
since 1890. 'tbe choii and transepts are In the Oathlc style of the 
13th centoiy. Facthei on, also on the right, is the — 

*i[Q^j^|^Fipardie (PI. E, 4), a handsome building ecected in 
185&-6S, with a' small garden in front. The m<u«am contains 
collections of auHqnities, scnlptiires, and paintings. A^dmisBlon ftee 
on Snn., Tnas., and Thurs., 12-5(4 in wEnter); on other days on 
appirsiion, 10-4. OataTo'sue (1899), 1 /r. 

gr mad - Fln or. — RoiiH I 10 iho right of 

the middle tgmt ud the ReniiBaaiice, and hu (oine goad SI 
Ihs 15Ui and leui centario. 

B oQK_tl (Oaitrit L<^dain) containi Koman and otIiBF sntiquitiai; 
gculptfflP!l?^as- reliefs; voad-csivineB; elasi-cue witb email objects of arii 
poTcel^Di furpltare; tapeslrj: moaka' heads carved In wood (Noa. 90, S9, 
§7), etc. ~ SoimeUI and IV : Roman and Oallo-Boman aDUqaities, ioclad- 
ing a itaiae -^'TBi..- -— »,.qh v. Sculptnret: ?j. Craut, %Mjv\ II. Cm- 
drm, Arebimedea. — Booh Vl; Heroyfneian and (Oralpi antlqnllleB, — 
BoqhJOI: Greek and Egi'fTiio'aiitiqDitiei. 

gO QM VI II (BculptartaaUtri). in the middle, lo the right; 18. Chfl- 
H«i, Fol^weFof Eacchua (bronie); 61.Z4>>»>,TheSoui: SB. Luctnte,C\jMe-, 
ia. Suf Ijaumt, Bonaparte i %. Zliiin|>f, Bnd of a dream ; iT. CHobrii, ktMM't 
reyeriei 81. Eoulfcab, Ledii 63. Jfai*«, Hesitation. Opposite, as we return: 

77. Smfil, March of Rakociy (lerraootta); tii U. C. du Pauai/!, Dogs (lerri- 
colta)i 78. Renoir, Kvei 4T. Landl S^glitlme, Oiotlo. — k\ Ihe fool of the 
stalreate in the Tcstibuler %. Cusnot, Currbsnte drowning the cries of 
tbe infani Japiiei (brome); 02. U /Vn, Faun hunting (bronze). 

CantR.!, aiJj>oa^ EalnliogJ. From right to Ifft: liS. B»riau. Rising 
itonn^ 263. ScXwKTinracI^ -199. v^Mn, Dante meeting HatUdat 2S0. 
Tt-aOUiT, Villej of Chamonii. — iCEeuiiir, Crocodile-hunt i 1. BarMltr, 
Baar-hont; 189. Lt Poilletin, Shipwrecked-, ill. DKiont-Bnloa, Hill; 163. 
£<ririu>. Duchess of CleveS; 133. Oraoet, SI. Lonli freeing Ihe prisuneri at 
DamielU; H. DiuAd, Counleu Dillon; "}&. Sahnion, Arrest )n Picardy; 
lae. airemt. The Augustan age; S. Batticiter. Lion snd does; 61. Ctmalrlto{Yj, 
Venice; 2=8. 0. Ton £m. Bear-hunt. — SVl. Kurtllo. Drinker; 10. B<mdrv, 
St. JabD theBstilist; 316. Zirglir, Veace of Amiens i 399. E. Tmi', Hassacre 
or the BIsmeliDces at Cairo in Igll; SO, 61. Collet, Spring, Summer. — 
303. O. Duron, Sudanese; 183. J. Lefelw. (of Amiens). Laugblne girl; 289. 
<7. mm Llo, Ostrich hunt ; 133. Uaignaa, Voices of the tocsin; 'im. JLtfrli- 
-ry (Of Amiens), LaiyGodiva; 86. " ' ~ " -^ «. 

Piari. A brown i 




, Ope 

a-air dinn 

er; ia.'Boudxr, 


, Death 1 


; 129. eia>». The 







The s 

c Is ad«r 


1 mural palnHng. 

hj ftici. de ClavK 



II and Eci 

If). — The Salle 

du Dome is adorn, 

ling- pain 


naU.e. of Plcardj) 


, bj Fit. Barrla,. 

PUfU d< Cftwonnsi 

, Cha 

UE^, ( 




led the adjoining 

rooms with allegoj 

rical , 

60 Routt S. AMIENS. Mtiiie de Fitardie. 

%1DH J (on the righl ride). Amiei^a School of tba ISth and ISth ceat- 

in'SB9i 329. BLnTng bujlit 390. "BeMi™/of' tte CroM. ^£-3*4, BK^BT. 
Panels an Uripljth (16it eenl.). To Ihe left: 323, 32l, FlmM Bchotl 
(IBia, 1619), Copies of two curioui psintlDgi , now prEiened In the bi.hop'i 

S slice; ttefrvnei of the coplu ua the origlDU frBioei uf the JGth centnry. 
iitean gmsll paintlnga of the Frituih School, Id Ibe itile of Leaueur, re- 
preaentiDf the hlstor}' of SI. Sorbert. Sevru TS?e; old UpestrT. 

RoohII. Fnneh aehool of tlie IStbind ISth eenluries. 341. BaUml, 
AleiHumrTlo tbe siok-bedj 207, 208. Mchil, Cbrlst the source of lire, 

136. Lthmix, St. jobn tbe Biplisl; 3U6. Jftynfar, Oedipus ea s child; liKi! 
£«AiJr<), Dido'a hunt; no number, LagraUt, Ulfiaesand Ciice; 311. Wat^tt, 
Laodacape; 372. Sacii, Tencred wounded. — EoomUI; 42. Bmloiver, 
Csau at Ihe Rubicon; 31. Biml, Ludactpe; 138. Otuldry, Muention of 
metkla; 298. C. VeneL. Greek honemu combettinE a lion: 39. ChSulrfua. 
-^ -.n; lU. r '■- "-•■-- "° " -- - 

3 refnaad of (he StUeg General to obey tbe Kipg'a order foi a disBplaiian 
ine aSlh, 1789); aSi. H. Scheffer, Vision of CTiirlea IX.; several good 

. Brilon.'Tbt apringi 214. JfoBcoWn, Joan the M»d, queen of Castilej 
1, Cataml, Deafii of Irancesca da lUmintj 243. /' ' ■" ' ' ■"-- "- 

no-tr, E 

16. BeuUldtSfonvel, Return from market. Theadioining 
Rmm fV: 24B. 1 

... _ . _ .,, __. . ..„._ asleep; ^. Tropm, 1_ 

*i»f^, Dunea of St. Quenlin; 68, CMiiol, Fisbennen hauling u 

/. Ltfibvr/:, 181. Sophoclea, 183. Coriolanua and the king o( . . 

309. F. Xotfn.^toim; 33. Blcmciari, Landicape; 6. Bailuilitr, Cblldlah 


fiooii Vlli 185. Sonnterta. Baibful .— , -. -, ..--. 

W, Sacred and Profane Uusic; 376. TalU^ain, Fiiheman; 16. BeUaani, 
Ketnm from Elba; 164. Jacjuaai, CoudemnatiDS of Galileo; 88. Dtboa, 
The leefa of life. — KoomVIII: Lagrmli, 161. Venua and Copid, 166. Ve- 
nui batbingi 378. Tenlert, Qaact; 3ft. Firmith Stlucl, Village (air; 295, 298. 
Fa-dier, Mjihological scenea. — 17. Boudrnjiw and JouU aeaporliBO. Vthut 

hia wlfe| Lufout, 183. The Virgin anctiUng IheHolj Clii!d,l63. J«ob and 
Laban; i5. I, Vale^lia (J. da Boulloaene), The passiona; 116. Eiretra (4a 
Eldsr, Hirac!e of Ihe loavei. — 2'. Stcemalrl. St. Honiea : 51. BrU, Land- 
aoaiwi 300. TUlanm, Vitelliua; '305. r icarini. H0I7 Family; 2ii6. Pmbui (?), 
The live senses ; m Jordaei!, ChrTaTimi^artng to Mary Majdalen; 216. Kou- 
clitrm, Landstape; 319. Zurtoron ('). St. Calhirine of Siena: 95. C. Doleiti), 
SI. Cecilia. - llooii IX: 30^. Tollo™, Uonkey. - -13T. Out, Laat aigh of 
Chrislj 131. Oambarl, Pllgrimaga to Ihe abrlne of 81. Valery ; 261. Scltmli. 
Sack ot Aquileia by AttUa ; 259. Ta" Scfcmdsl, Magdalen ; 250. O. Btuiitl, 
The body of Oen. Uatceau given to the Frencli army: 217. Kottn, Sblp- 
wreok. — 116, Fmaaieourl, Banfca o( the Somme; 15. SicUr, Ocoales and 
the Faries; 383. ThBiUir, Via Tiburtina; 139. (/uiVte, Empresi Eugenis 
visiling the cbnlcra patients at Amiew in 1866; 67. CaMl, Good Samariun 1 
213. Sylvr^t, Nero and Locujli; 63. Comfnoifc, Death of the Virgin: 39. 
BcvchfUl), Venua demanding "™a for .Eneaa &om Vulcan; 17. fljllaiw*, 
WaterloD; 300. IfaninelU, iJusgnna and the Eldera; 222. Fameel, Caraliy 
akirmiah; 76. Cotpd, eacrifice 10 Jupiter; 133. Ooyei, Council of war; 71). 
Oitoi, Charily nreaidiug over a union of Ihe different bodies of slalei 53. 
a. Brion. The christening-day. — Room IC ! 185 Bob. Ltfitirr, Louis XVUI 1 
9. aal^Ko(, Ponds; 100. i»«ftoi«-Oi-aftow(, Dochesi of Ilcrryi29l. i, if. Fan 
loo, Louii XV; 119. Frimtuetm, Jeans raising the daughter of Jalma; 319, 

NiMtr, Portrail of Qreaiet Uie paet) S81, Toqt^, m. ^MnUn di la Tew, 

r from E. IX -. LuidsMp«> ud 
uuicu scnoui: iia. Aiucra, The m^ea of Pops Oregory ; 
ill, Porlr^la. — 4B, 45 (fBrther on), S, can Rui/irfatl, Lind- 
SliFpliecdSi 71. Fan ^rlAoit, Landscape; 34fi. X«6<ra, St. 
. BrcUlBttinap, Cubbler; 2'/l. TmUritlii, SuBBDoa at Iba 
1 n™ ?. .,,._ .,._ -....-..'l^^ g§ (farther on), a. ™ 

1 2U. B 

-, , i SU, 93. W, Oamei 

20. Ka'f, Still-life; 38, Fimtuter, Sas-piecej 2«. 8. Soia. LandBcape; 57. 
ruior, InlBriot; 9. ^WnUn^nt, Landsaipe; 217. Yelaiqua, Portraiti 161. 
Lar^lllirs. Portrait; 23. UngiUiacK Brigaadi on tba tralcb. ~ 131. 
BcvOiir, Women bathing. — 110 (farther on), Sayderi, Oanie and frail. — 
The glasi-caee^ contain madala, asBignatB, and varioue souvenirs. — At 

Opposite the MuBoum is the Prefecture (18th cent.). A little 
farther on, on the light, is the BiUioOntiue Commuruile (PI. E, 4), 
conUining 100,000 Tol». and 1113 MSS., some of great Interest 
(adm. daily, except Sun., 1-6 ; in wintei also 6-10 p.m.). The portico 
In front ie adorned nith busta of tUustrloae natives of the town. 

The Rue de la Repuhliqae enda at the Piece LoDgneTille (PI. 
E, 5; circDB, see p. 26), whence the Boulevard du Mail (PI. F, 4) 
leads to the left towuds the Gere du Nord. 

aa the JUuitraUBai FUarda (Pi. F, 1), conslitioi' of a BEare of Picardy, 
SBiTOniided witb etainu and buatt of eminent natives of that pravlDce. 

In the opposite direction the boulevards lead to the estensive 
Promenaik de la Hotoie (PI. A, B, C, % 3), at the W. eni o( the 
town, nhece publlo conceits and festlTsls taJie place. 

From the Promenade the Rae de la Hotoie (tramway) leads 
directly towards the centre ol the town, ending at the Place St. Fir- 
min. To the right of this square is the modern chiiisli,of St.. Jacjues 
(PI. D, 3), and to the left, at the foot ol the Rue de Cond^,' is the 
BSlel Aforpon, an interesliag private mansion of the end of th^l^U 
cenliny. TartKet on'fs the Jardin des Plantes (p. Wif. — The Rue 
an Lin, leading straight on ttota the Place St. Firmia, brings us to 
the Be^oifPljE, 3), aa eccentric edifice of 1748 (restored in 1865), 
Witt a Bellwelgliiiig IT loftS: TEg JSKtWlh oTSl. Germain (PI. E, 3), 
Ijlng somewliat to the left, dates from the ISEh c«nt., and has a 
fine tower, a handsome carvedjjortal pfllie tGth cent., and si 

!s immediately behind the EMel de ViUe.(£L&^)i 
lately enlarged and almost entirely rebuilt. The peace of Amiens 
(see p. 27) was signed here. 

the town: in the middle, Gaiidefpoy or Oeoffrev, Bishop of Amiens, and 
lonis the Fat, who granled the town a charter in HIS; to tte right 
^l^riea awl Lemattee, killed in the-defence of Amiens aj^Binit the Gpani 

32 Route?. . POH. 

Tbe Bu« Delambre leads hence to the E. to the Place Gunbett* 
(p. 28). In tU Rue VergeinifHqs. 61-63; Maiion duSMftaire) 
md tbe Rue deSSflrgeii(p(NcrBTU'Goth running to tHe WTTrom the 
Place Oamlietta, are a coapJ&of inteieUlnc. Did boosei. The atreets 
faither to the N. lead through the 'Basse Ville' in the diiection of 
the citadel (aee below). To the right risea the elegant Gothic towec 
of the church of St. t™ (PI. F, 2), a itmcturo'ortW ISth oentarf. 

Farther on, lo IBlTIefl", WtheflWri IM™ (PI. B, F.a^ 16-BfF^eni.), — 
The (Sladri (PI. E, 1), diliQj ni-'™™~- ' " — ■ ■" ' 

wai compelled to ■nrrBndu' in a few da^s (comp. p. 37]. 

To tbe W.. before tbe citadel ia reached, 1te9 (be JarMa dti PImla 
(PI. E, a), wilb a oatural hieiOFj' collection. 

Beyond the Port d'Amont, reached -vli the 'Baase Ville', is the 

FBrtrKiEi'sT#T»e»r-fih(ri;SK»TrB), 73 M., rnilway in i'h-»/7hn. 
(firea 13 fr. 10, 8 fr. 85, 6 fr. 15 c). — Tlie train follows the lino lo 
Beauiaii aa far u (5 K.) Salevi (p. 2fi). Be;ond a tnnnel, »W yds. ionE, 
Ilea (la M.) Famcchoa. — 19 M. Poll (Hdli! du CardlnalJ, i pretHlj Bitgated 
lilUe town, bu a Ootliic clinrcfi of the 15-16lii cent., with a rioblj 

long and 100 ft. hift (fine view). — Si'k M. Alanoourt (Bu/et) is Iho 
junclioD for Le Triporl {see p. M). - 35"^ M. Formirii. The lino now 
deicendi the Taller of Bray (p. 46). 10 M. GaOttfenlaini (Koleli) bu a 

Cp.^). 60 H. Snmmtrr. Tunnel, 1600 jds. long. 66 M. Mo'vlirolinSuc^, 
&ani wbleb there li a branch to Clirei, MottevlUe, and Le Havre (p. 63). 
We now begin to deacend rapldl; towards Kouen. 68 M. IlimMal (Croix 
BlanclUi LtcomU), an indnitrlal place with OUSe Inhab., prettily iltuated in 
a little TaUey. Kear the HStel de Ville Is tbe Tow dt CanilH, a band- 
some belTry of 1013-14. Pine view of Bouen to the right. — 73 M. Rovtm 
(Oare do Kord), aee p 18. 

Fboh Ahiihi (St. Koob) to Aoifai.1 (p, 36), 38 M., nairow-eauge line 
In aVi-3'/< bn., Irsvsraing a wool-man ufaclaring district. 

From Amieo9 to BoulcgtH and Calaii, aee B. 1; to Arrai, Doual, Valia- 
simaa, etc., aee R. Bi to Dtulleni, SI. At, etc., see pp. 31, 33^ to RAcOna 

3. From Paris to BoanvalB and Le Tr6port (Kers). 
I. From Pari* to Beanvala. 

a. Til Xontaoult and Beaumont. 
M M. RiiLWii in I'/j-S*/! bra. {fares 8 fr. 85, B fr. 06, 8 fr. 90 t) 
Traina alart from the Oare ia Hord (Fl. B, C, 23, 31). aee alao the Hap, 

SiOO. — To It TriptH by tbia rmite. 111 H., In 3-e</i bra. (fares 20 t^. 
, 13 fr. 85 c, 9 fr.). — Omnlbnaes ply from tbe atallon at Le Tr^port 
to Mm 00 c). 

Tbe th rough- (rains do not stop berore Montsoult or Beanmont; 
for details as far as Beaumont, see Batdtker't Handbook to Paria. — 
To (4i/j M.) St. Denii, see p. 101. Beyond (6 M.) Epinay Monl- 
morency and lU forest appear on the left. — 11 M. Ecoutn-EsanvitU, 
The chSteau of Ecouin, to the right, built in the 16th cent., Is now 
nsed as a school. — 13 M. Domont. 

151/j M, Montjoull, jonetion for I.utarcko. The line now de- 
scends a picturesque valley and intersects a poction of the Forttt of 

BEAUMONT, 3. Eovlt. 33 

CamtUe. To (he ligbt is seeo the magni&cent modem OtSteau of 
Franeonviltt. — Beyond (21 M.) Nolnlel the train crosses the Oiie 
and Joine the line from Paris via Pontoise (p. 48). 

23 M. PtnanStaumont. Pasan il an industrial village to the 
left. Baaomant {HStet dtt Quatre-Filt-Aymon, fating the bridgej, 
a sm*Jl town with 3348 inbab., on tba left bank of the OUe, is 
dominated by an interesting ehurch of the 13tli cent, and a mined 

FaoM Be«uhdht to Gbhl, 13 U., railwir ucendiig the valley of the 
Mae. — 8"ft M. SI. Lia-d' Etitnit, iha conaplcuoas ehnrth o( which i> 
ehleBTarihelSthcenturi. Tbe Ureesl of li« tbcee tower* la Romaneaqae. 
— 13 M. Cnit, see p. lO-l — A saiFun-euiee line ilio runa from Beanmont 
to 00 M.) Hirma (see below). 

25VSM. Cfiam%, with an abbey-church (i3lh cent, i to the right). 
Severalsmall stations. 33M. JUeru(H6t.Angotiin), aprettily-sltusted 
town with 45B0 inhabitants. Tlie whole of this dislrict is engaged 
in fhe manufacture of bntlons, blushes, and fancy turnery. — 
3T</3 M. La Bois6iiTt-le -Dilugt. The train now passes through 
a tunnel, 'nearly 1 H. ion;, and descends the picturesque Talley of 
the Thirain. Beyond (47 M.) VilUn-tUT-ThUt we cross the ThtS- 
rain, and the Imposing cathedral of Beamais soon comes into sight 
on the right. — 49 M. Beauvaii, see below. 

Wh H. lUiLWAi (u sboTc) in a-3V> trs. (teres 9 fr. 85, 6 fr. 65, 4 fr, 
36 c). — ToWIrtporl by this route, 119 M., In 9'/r7'/. Urs. (fsres as afcove). 

From Paris to (32 M.) Criil, see R. 15 a. On leaving Creii the 
train, returns for a short distance In the direction of Paris, then 
enters the valley of the Thirain to the right, and crosses the river 
several times.— 33'/aM. Montataire (p. 102); 36 M. Cramohy, In the 
neighbourhood of which are eitensive quarries of building- stone. — 
STkM. Cirts-lii-MeUo. The ehitean oSMello, on a hill to the right, 
dates from the 13th century. — 39 M. Balagny-Saint-Epln. 

41 M. Hony-Bary. Mouy (H£t du Commerce), to the left. Is a 
cloth-making town with 3444 Inhab.; Bury, to the right, has a 
priory-church of the ll-13th centuries. — 44 M. neiUei-Moucky. 
The a ne ehitean of Afouchy, 1 '/oM. to the left, dales from the period 
of the Renaissance. Itcontains some flneportraits and other paintings, 
sculptures by F^on, Hondon, Oarpeaui, etc., and a valuable library. 
— 46 M. Hermtt (railway to Beaumont, see above). — 47 M. ViUtn- 
St-SfpuUre, so called from a St. Sepulchre In the church, enclosing 
a slab ^m the Uoly Sepulchre at Jerusalem. Bnined priory of the 
Uth century. — 50 M. Eochy-Condi. Branch to Clermont (Soissons, 
CompUgne) and St. Just, see p. 26. On the blU^ide 1« the left is 
the CftdtMu of MtTlanont, partly of the 16th century. — The 
chvrob of (52 M.) Therdonne has a fine Gothic choir. 

&4Vs H. BeanT^U (Bu/fet). — Hot«U. Da Fuxci ei D'i^oLB^lkui. 
Bua dela Hin'MnuTe, near ttie station, K. 27., B. 1, iiyS,>h,oJBn. 

Bakdueb'i Hortheni Fnuice. 1th Edit. 3 

Vi ff . i CoirtlsMTiL, P1M9 dB I'Hawi-deVille 3T, R. J-ai/i, dij. 3, D. 8Vi fr-s 
Ecu, Eue M»llierbe 26; oB la Gabb, nem. 8>/i fr, , onpreUnding. — 
Olfdt. Du Ciatel, Polard, PlaW^WTBStelie-WRr 5^ bsbi. 1-2 pera. per 
aiWeBOc. per hr.; 3 pers., 1 h. 10 e., afr., i pew., itt. iOe., 
2'/»fi- — ^"t * Tel»gr»ph Otflu, Hua Je«n-de-LiEni6res. 

B«auijoi», an BQciont mannftcturing town on the TMrain, with 
'iO,30(nn^ab., is tbe capital of the department of the OUe and the 
seat of a biihop. Carpota. vooUen cloths, milttary clotb, gold Mid 
silver lace, buttons, and brashes sr& among the chief mantifactares. 

Beanv^ occnplm the site of the ancient oapltil of tht Bellnvati, aab- 
duel b7 CsaiLT. CbriitUDU; Tru introdnced here about Itie middle of Ibe 
Srd cent, by St. Lucian. FortlHed Id 1190 by Pbilip Aagaitue, the town 
defled lbs attack of Ednard III. Id iSK; but aboul 1120 It waj placed in 
tbe hands of the English b; iU bishop, Pierre Cauchon. In Its gallant 
reslatance to Charles tbe Bold aDd bia army of 60,(100 men in liTi Ihe 

and ODe of them, Jeanne Laln^ or 'Htehette' by name, captured with her 
own hands a hostile banner, now pieierved io the Hdtel de Ville. The 
evenl is lUll annually celebrated on the Sun. nearesl St. Peler's day (Jane :29th). 

In eoniing from tbe station, we pass the square in ttont of the 
Octroi, and turn to the left by (he Avenoa de la K^pnblique and tbe 
Kne de U Manufactuie. A little to tbe left is the MAKUFAinoai or 
Tapebtby, founded in 1664, i.e, only two years after the state-factoty 
of Gobelins at Paris, of whicli It is the only branch. VisitorB ate 
admitted to the sm all museum and th e work shops (more interest- 
ing) d aily, eicept hQlidayg, i j -" ^ and l.y0-5p.m. [i in winter); on 
Sun.,'B5WBVet;-tlle looms are not woiliTn^""" 

TheBesHvaiicetabliBbmentchleflyinakcslapeitr; for furniture, adorned 
with laodscapea, flowers, ornamenlal designs, animals, and pastoral acenea. 

Gobelins iu beinj woven on low-viarp nauc Uce) laoma in whicb (hs 
— — ..— ... j„ horiionlal, while Oobelioa is woien on high-warp C'/aii" 

Turning to the tight as we quit the chnrch, we soon Teach th« 
Rue,gUean, which leads, pn't fff 'ATpI lift tlTlhfr luuues (e.g. Wn, ft), 
to the plot tiresque Place de CHttel-de-Yiilt, embellished with sbroiize 
statue of Jeaimt SaSOtKitSk above), by Dubray, erected in 185i. 

The HSUUiiViUe (18%cent.) has ita coundt-chunbei adoniBil with 
flTB pHntiiigB'lrom tie hiBtory of th« town, by D. HaiUut. To the 
Tiibt, in the ceait, is the LOrary (open on Sun., W»d., & Thnis. 
iiU, Prid.7-10p,in.; closed in Sept.), containing 20,000 »ola. end 
Je&noe H&cliette's banner (p. 34; rastored In lUQl). 

The T.^THPmuT, (St. Ficmjf to the N.W,, though consiBting 
meielf of a"^li end treneepte, ranks as one of the finest Gothic 
baildlngs in Fiance. Iti proportiQjqji,M^h^£|nlic to the TOige of 
temerity. The eiterioT height, to the lidge, is 2% ft. ; the vaulting, 
' which hie tndcs fallen in becanee the pilluB end buttieseeB were 
too week and too few, risee 167 ft. above the paTement, while an 
open-woik spire which soared above the erotelng to the giddy height 
of 600 fr,7«I'[ti 1673 becauae it was uniuyed on theW., throash 
tbe-a-tre-nce ofT^ 

BagimJjLlW, the worki went od, wfUi luteRaplloni, unlO liter 1B18. 
Tba chofrvupeTliaps deaigaed bj Evda dt Jiomreuii, tha architect of 
St. Louis; tha Jf. puriil waa erecled at the ejpense of Eraacia I, bs flar- 
Un dliamMga, vba wnrKed algo at Sena and Troyea; the sTp^ti! Is dae to 
Hielul Lalyc. Thg 'a. I'trtal (1648), aiMlUng (he entire (i5ade« of many 
olliu catliRdTali botb In liie and magnlli cents, hit tmtortnnately beeo 
Itrinped oliti glatuei, thongh El is still liclilf adamed viUi earrijiE. It is 
lutDounted by a double open arcade, i large rose-window, and a tine 
■able, while it ii nrengibened b; two buttresses in tbe form at tairets. 

The ft.a»*alCiWO. though not rlvffling the other, Ig also rich; iU oarved 
doors, also by Jtan It Pol, aro )n better preaervilion. 

iHTEuijB, The beauty of the Choir has ^ven rise to the saying that 
'the cbStrorBeBuvals, tbe nave of Anleiii, the portal otBhelnu, and the 
towers of Cbsrtrei would toeether make ihs finest cbnrcb in the wurld'. 
The piers that have been added for the lake of itrenglbening the building 
are easily distininiibed. The choir Js upwards of l Oi ft. l une. and its 
windows are SO^ ft. In height. 'There are few reeks, eieT^oug IheAljia-, 
says Buskin In Ui ^Bttta LttRpmf ArelUlicUm','i)irAii3y6 a dear veitical 
fill as high M the choir of BeauTale'. Tbe .imb.u latoTy Is fringed with Chap- 
tl4. The flr«l on. the right Is adorned wlTra modeni freaco by A. Orel- 
let, tepreKnttDg Jeanne Haehette capturing the banner. To ^lejeft of 
the choir is the,^cHj(i, adjoinlnc which are a marble statu e*bf Carfiiil 
PoT^TaiuDB; hjlTVoytt-m (I7M). a f:ln,. iat ib. iH th c^nl., which plays 
sacred bqiIo, and *7]| *'irf"" """* cent.), probably made at Beaurais, 
reprcsentd^ the lUiulous origin of France, ttota Bonsard^s 'La Franoiade\ 
Anotherta pestryo fthlsaeries, one of 1180. and eight others of tbe litb cent., 
after .Baphs nTaartoona, we diapjaiaijn the tranaepts. Tbe stained glasB 
in theTffiT"£Eapel oT^theTT. transept la hy Engrand le Prince (153J). In 
the Irft choir-ch»el is a joodam 'Atlnncmical Clod, Bfl ft. high, 19 ft. 
broad, a'aiTTfrd^pV fits composed of 9a?9RritTeier, has BTaials. a^d elves 
eo distinct Indications (apElx.tO.Sii sacristan, Ifr.; on Bat, t Bun. Kl c). 

To t he W . of Jhe cathedral is a portion of the original church, 
known asifiB BaH(-(Euuri, a'Eomano-ByiBntin6.6t[06Uir6, Teferied 
to the 8lh or even the 6th oenTnryT ITcontai nB tapestry o f the IStb 

The Golewoy, flanked bj" two towers, resembling pepper-boiea, 
on the S.WTonEePRce'de la Cathedral e, belongs to the Palaii dt 
Jnitict, formerly the bishop's palace. It dates from flie„14th cent., 
though tbe foundations are Oallo-Roman work, at one time forming 
part of fho town-walls. The ^aXiix jtself waa built in 1500; Ite 

6a Eoute 3. AUMALE: fVoFn Parii 

ri oh ly-e^jilp tured fs5*de should be seen (romftie eonrt. The fine 
leEtored Itomanes<iue, tofu .Ui^ttiQ back is now paitly concealed by ' 
trees." — The anCieut huildtog, with lemtiqjof^&B.ald.QatUccloiieter, 
bahitid the Baf£ft,tEuvto i« now oconpledby a small Muilt (open 
freejin Suii", if lKi]idayq^l2-4, on other days on appllcatioii). 

The HuseB chiefly coptains Gallo-Bonun anltqulUei, wilh a few niint- 

eallDS sKliitectitnl tngmeola and ibniplure 
Bearded Uercnrf (atele), a rtclil); carred not 

. , , -.__ allaF (nth eeat.), leyeral 

wood-esTvln;!, cbesta, and numeroua small antlquitiea. 

A little to theN. of the cathedral le iit^il^iiS^i.'.PsilAesI^^^^^}- 

Many qu^aint Old Houaca are to be found jn the streets neat 
tbe _ cathedral ^ t.g. in tte ]Sue St. Laurent (Sos.26_and !?7), diverg- 
ingToTlrS~ff. from the Riie Ja ITvcchfi, and espVclaElxJaJhaJBne 
PMlipp^-|lp-Ri-jiiiTiniTinir and Roe St. Paul, on the other side of the 
church. Farther on is a coniSf=IflrrS(''with a leaden figure of 
St. Michael, of the Qothle period. A few yards farther on we reach 
the Place Ernest-Gerard and the Thtatre, to the left from which lies 
the PlacB de l'H6(ol-do-Ville. 

A gond viev of Ibe tawn Is Dbtidned from th» Bqmire du R/in-cnir, a 
promeD»a8"mTrTOI; 5-TinlB. walk from tbe rtalionrSif tBe nn>«r cide 
or (be Th^r^n. — About '/, H. to tbe N. of the atatlon is a larte tree- 
■haded space known as tbe Jfv de Foume, wbfre a band tIbt* In lummet 
frnm 3 to 1 p.m. and tennis-matches take place. Tbs Lgcii brther on ad- 
joins a bin OD nlikb nnce lay a Romao ampbJtbeatre. 

The cbutj:)! of Ibo luburh of Horiuft^ lo tbe V.V, , bas a Romnn^Que 
tower, a eboir o( .Ou 12lb.esnt., a nazs^anaporiai of Ibe ISth, anil a 
mignTHcent wooden altai-acreen of tbe isme period. ' " '* 

FsriTBEACVATfl TO GouBSAi (Dieppe), IBM., railway in OO min. (fares 
3 fr. SS, a fr. SB, 1 ft. 60 c). This ronlo Mtendi Ibe ToTMs d< Bre^ 
(p. 46). - ii'ft K. St. Otrmer. The Tillije (hotel), H/i "- lo 'ba S.W., 
has an Intereitlng Ailiit Church, in the Tranaition stjie, pertif rebuilt at 

Sainte Chapelle at Paris, was added 'to He E. end in (he ISlh cenlnrj. — 
19 M. atvraas, see p. «. 

FaoM BK.Dviia TO Oiboes, ffl M., railway in 1 hr. (fares 3 fr. 90, 3 fr. 
65, 1 fr. TO e.). — IS'/i M. Trye-Chitian (p, 18). — 22 M. Oucri, lee p. U. 

From Bean'als to JmlciK, see p. 25; to Clrrmrml, ComjAtgm, and 
Soiumi, see p. IB ^ to SI. J«it, Pirmm, and Caiabral, see p. 3& anrl E. 8. 

n. From Seaavais to Le Iiiport. 

Bli/iM. BuLwiT in li/i-Si^bTS. (fires II fr. BB, 7fr. fb, Bfr. Ifie.). 

We follow the Amiens line as fat as (D9 M.) St. Omer-en- 
Ckamsii (p. 26). Several small stations follow. 

78 M. Abftncourt (Buffet), before and after which we follow for 
a short distance the line from Rouen to Amiens (p. 32). — The 
railway descends rapidly. 82 M. Qowrchtllts ; 83 M. QuiiKampoii. 

85 M. AnnuJe (CkaptaH-Rovge), a smaU town (2380inhab.i 
prettily situated on llie Brtilt, which was formerly the E. boundary 
of Notmaudy. Henri IT was severely wounded here in 1502 and 

to Bemnaii. EU. 3. Soule. B7 

chler balldlng, the rhurch of St. Pierrt tl 81. Paul, rebuilt In 1508- 
1610, *fter ita destcuctlon by Chailes the Batd, who bunied th» 
tmrn In 1472. The portsU, tb« polpit (17tb cent.], the eUintd glus, 
*nd >Ho1y Septilchre (16th cent.] are notevorthy. The title of Due 
d'Aumsle was bome by the fourth son (1822-97) of Louis Philippe. 

NkFiow-tenge i^niy to Jmimt, tee p. B2. 

We now descend the pretty valley of the Bresle. 97i/iM. Blaagy- 
lur-BrttU (HSt^l de la Poste), an Indnetrial "illage with a Oothio 
church (13-16th cent); 100 M. Mon'^hoHi. 

103 M. Longroy-Oamachet is the Junction fsT 1.ongpr4 (p. 14). 
Qamachti (Guni Gtrt), a small town to the right, contains an In tet- 
esting church or the 12th, 13th, and 15th centuries. 

112 M. Ett lUGM da Cygne, pen?. 7 i/j fr.; de France, 6 ft. ; de ta 
Gare, 6-6</3 fr.), a town with 5400 inhab., oji the Bresle, was a 
favourite residence of Lonis Philippe, who received Qaeen Victoria 
at the ChdJcoH here in 1843 and 1B45. The latter wae built in the 
16-17th cent, and restored by Louis Philippe, but two thirds oF it 
were destroyed by ftre in Nov. 1902. The ehapel, which was saved, 
has some modem stained glass from SJvrea, designed by Paul 
DeUroche and Chenavard. The fine Fork (no adm.), laid out by Le 
Nfilre, commands » view of the sea. — The Church of St. Latnrtnce, 
a handsome Gothic editlce of the 12-13th cent, skilfoUy lestored 
in 1862, is notable for the curious double arches between the pillars 
of the nave. In a small chapel on the light are a Holy Sepulchre 
(16th cent.) and a Head of Christ (16th cent.). The Madonna in the 
apsldal chapel is said to be one of the earliest works of one bf the 
brothers Angoler, who were horn at Eu In the 17th century. — The 
ChaptUe dn CoUigt, built by the Jesuits In 1622-24, contains the 
monument of Henri of aaise,'le It9,lafre" or 'the gcatie 1' (d. 1688), 
and hla wife Anne of Cloves (d. 1683), with their statues and bas- 
reliefS. — The Forest of Eu, 3 M. to the S.W., Is a favourite spot 
for Bionrsions. 

Branch-railway to (M'/i M-) Abberilh. Bee p. IS. — An electric tramway 
(a) c.) runq from tbc station to Li Triporl and Meri. 

ADiuQBsUB Dllea daily in summer from Eu to (S H.) dull (1 fr.) anil 
,1-. ._i.^ 0, Smrf-d'Aall Of. Itrrri: di Franci! 

- ^BiTal (iimliomlal: ii la Plagt. — Caiino), another 

imall batbiug-resart, liu at tbe cod of lbs cliffs and at tbe beeiunint 0( 
a bank of eblngie extending to beyond (5Vi >■ ) Ctyeai (p. 13). 

A. marshy district, between bills, is now traversed. The tail- 
way passes a little to the left of Mtrt (p. 38). 

II31/2U. L« Triport. — HotaU. HStel oe li Pl^os, DEBBaiHs,Da 
Peasci, wilb les-viaw, B.. 3 10, d<!j. SVi, D- *, ptns. 8-lS fr. ^ Bkllivdii, 

gome diilance rrom tbe' beach. d«j. W, pena. fl-Sfi. 

Baa-Battaa. Cabin 30c., eoslume 6(}c., 'pelgiiait- 20-S!>c., balbing M- 
lendant tSOc. — Tba beach al Hen is beitn. 

38 Rmat3. LETRfiPORT. 

U TTiporl, a amUl town wtth 4750 Inli&b,, U sitaated at the 
mODtli of tho BftriU, at the base ot s loft; clitf. The tonn itself 
li quite uDiDterMtisg, and its small haiboui ti chieflr used b; 
flsMng-bosts. Tijpoit, boweier, from it* pioiimltT to Paris, is a 
Teiy pDpuUi sea-listMng lesort. Id spite of its imall and disagree- 
ablr shlngi]' iMaeh, which la to a great extent monopolized by the 
Coalno, recently Tebuill. The spaee betnlit the olUt and the aea is 
veiy nanoir, a fact whioh leaots upon the streets and the houses, 
so that lodging Id the tovn is not reoommended, more especially as 
the odonis emitted by the harbour at low water and the dose con- 
tact with (he flshlng population are anything but agreeable. An 
attempt has been made to create a visitors' quarter on the top of the 
cliff by the constroction of nights of stairs with 378 steps, but' the 
speculation has hitherto failed and the streets remain unbnilt. 

The only noteworthy edifices in the old town are the MUl dt 
VilU (with a small museum), in a tower of the 16th cent. ; a Timbtr 
Houit dating from the Benaiesance period (higher up, to the right, 
opposite the church) ; and the Churei of St, Jacqua, which rises 
aboTe the harbour, ihe chief objects of inleiest in the last, which 
was built in the 16th cent., are the key-stones of the vsulM, the 
Descent from the Gross in painted atone, and the piscina in a chapel 
to the tight of the choii. 

KeTi. — Bottli. QaiSD Baui. dd Ciemo (pens, 9-12 b.), Biuivut 
(peDi. 7-10 &.), batu on tha beach) dsi Bxisi, K. A A. 3-6 ft., L. 30 c, 
B. Vi. d^- 9, D. 3</,Cr. Iccl. nine, peal. T-tl. omn. 'Iiti-i FiiiT, peai. 

T-iOfr.; Di 

SOc, eollume BOc, 'petgnolr' SOc, altaBdant tli c. 

uuuu. Aam. lOT ODe day 1 b. Si; at nlglil TGo. 

Meri, abont ^/i M. from Le Trtfport, lies at some distance from 
the right banh of the Bresle and has iu consequence no eiU-smelling 
harbour. The space between the cllCs and the sea is wider than at 
ht TiJport, the beach, where the Casino is situated, is broader and 
less shingly. 

From Le Tr^port to Biipptf see p. 41. 

4. From Dieppe to Faria. 


. _ .n 9lr6'fi hn. (tttu 18 fr. 80. 13 ft. TO, 8 ft, 

30 c). The qulekcst trains mn Tii Ronen, though that roale Is the longest 

lAL (PI. a; C, 1), D. Bfp.; Rkoib* P.i.ici HoiKi. 
(PI. b^ B, 1), H. B, B. 17t, d^J. d. D. fl, board 10 fr.) Qi. Hot. HtniOPDi.1 
■T DBS B>tHB (Fl. d> D, 1), 11. from &, B. IVt, d«j. 1, D. S, veoi. iiif,, 
onrn. Ifr.; cis Etjunqses (Fl. f : 1>, 1). R. 1-6, B. ii/i, d<<j. J, D. B, pcng. 
10-12 fr. ; QuBD HdTSL {PI. e : E, 1), R. 6-20, B. 1, m. I, D. D, pena. \V!r 
20fi.i all Itaeae Btstdagi huUlg are In the Kae Aguado, feclog Ibe lea 
and open onW during Ihe seuoD, — EStel de Pabis (PI. m; C,l), Place 
de Camllle Saiat-Satna, oppoiite Uie Cstlna, lood i Da li Phi (PI. J ^ C, 3), 
flraodo Rub 313 ; Ca.nioT d-Ob (PI. It ; C, 2), Kne de la Bane i Dia Familibs 
(PI. 1; C, 3), £ue de rBaiel-de-Ville 29. — HSt. du Ouaa n Victobia 
{Pl.D D,3), RneDaqnfaneS; dd Cohheece(PI. d; D,3). Place Kill onale, 



a., L., & A. VM, B. 1, ii]. 21/., D, 3, pens. 8-9 fr., good, BoLia d'Ob, 
Sue Oambetta i (Fl. B, 2), neng. from 3 fr. - Fur^iilud AparlBttn!, m 
■Igo (sull; found In lbs Roe Agaido. 

KasUsTUiti. Caft-IUnauranl du Ouino, on the buch, d^. 4, D, Bfr.; 
Aa Faliaii Dart, Qnode Eue 71, dSj. 2, D. Si/i fr.; HdUi dn XreoifH and , 
others under the uudes of the Bourse, next the Paigsonnerie, D. I'/rS fr. 
(Incl. elder: wtne eilrn); .Burgf, U tlie Que tfarilime. 

., and in Ihe Arcadei ■, Ca/< dt Sauen, 
sr end of Ibo Grenfle Rue. 

!>/, orS'/ifrp^rT'rttt ^nrjeatu'l'^end 3-4 f" ™pe'ctlvelT. '" ' 
Pwt 4e Tefecnph O^oe {PI. 11; C, 3), Bus d« Tilbnueui and at the 

^..Ur, in lbs adJoiDi 
iBO. 4dm. in the fore 

ai,'it,"tiO,''Md 110 f" 

OOc - W«rmBallmel.U C, 1), with (reib 
ganoeie, l-3'/tfr. 

noon 60 c, aflemoon 1 fr., evening or whole 
ek 13, fortDlght 30, month 3S, seaean 60 fr. 
3 pers. 33, K, 80, and lISoL - latxnt 

pllsi almost dijlr 
Trtporti farea (wiih 

twice a day (see p. liii). - An eienr.ion 
rom Juir lath 10 Sep'. 31il between Dieppe 
option to use the railwa; in one direciion) 

6 fr. no, D fr. 40, 3 f r. uu c. 

BritUh Tict-Coniiul, B. W. lit-Jorlia, Qual Duquesne H. ^ American 
OWKnUr Afsnt, X. Baimlle BimrgeoU, Quai de Lille S. 

Bncliali Otaorch. All Smnii (PI, t- B, 3), Rue de la Birrei Mrricee 
at 11 and T.30i Chaplain, Bet. Dr. Xert, M. A. 

QsU Linki, OQ tbs PourviUe road, 1 U. from Dieppe (viaitors' fees, 
Sfr. per dar, lOfr. per week, 26ft. per monlb). 

Ditppt, with 22,840 inhab., H situated in a valley fotmad by 
two niigee of lofty nhitB chalk-clilTs, at tbe inaulh of the flrfuca. 
The eetuai; was formeTly called the 'Dtep\ From wbich tbe town 
derives its name. In spite of the vicinity of Le Havre, Dieppe, with 
its deep and safe harbour, Etill carries on a considerable trade in 
coal nitii £ngland and in timbeT with Norway and Sweden. Dieppe 
is also a fashionable watering-place, being annually visited by 
namerou a English, >b well as French families. Captured and destroy- 
ed several times dnring the ware between England and France and 
■rterwards in the religious wars, Dieppe suH'ered severely Siom tbe 
plague in 1668 and 1670, and in 16'J4 the citadel and town were 
reduced to ruins by the English fleet returning from an unsuccessful 
attack on Brest (p. 217). 

beyond tbe Bat$ini Duqaeint and Birigny, lies tbe Ctntral Station 
(PI. C, 3] ; and to the £., between the Bassin Dnqaesne and tbe 
suburb of £e PolUt (PI. E, 3), Inhabited by saUors and fishermen 
said to be of Venetian origin, ere several basins of mole recent date 
eitending to the 3. To the K.W. of tbe Gate Maritime extends the 
old Vitux Chtnal, or harbour-entcance ; a good view may be obtained •. 
from the W. pter. On tbe opposite cliffs rises the modem Gothic 
churchofiVolre-Dam«-d«-Son-S<eour((PI. F.'i). TbeQnaiHenrilV, 

40 Sonic 4 DIEPPE. From Dieppe 

on wblch itandi th« CoUigt (VI D, 2), builtin the 18th cent., l«*de 
to the W. from the Gwre MiTltime. At Its W. end i$ ti^ Poiitonnerie, 
Of fijft-Jtfiffj ^([ 'PI.E-2>. which presents ibuey and animated scene 
in the morning. 

AlofTftBe N. side of the town, between the flne Boulevard 
MarUinte (PI. C-E, 1), laid out in 1901, and the Bue Agusdo, in 
which are the principal hotels, stretches La f'^g' f^] f j D, E, 1), a 
handsome promenade,^ U. long. The tall cliimneya seen In th« 
Rue AgulSIT tnTong~{b t^ eiteneive'ToAaeco Afunu/'aclory (PL 9). 

At the W. eitremity of the Plage is the Casino and EtaMlJ«m«>l 
des Baini (PI. C, 1). The casino is a handsome brick and glass 
atiuctora replete with every convenience and including a small 
theatre (adm., see p. 39). The terrace in front is reserred for sub- 
scribers; below it are the dressing-cabins. In One weather the scene 
is very amusing. 

The site of the casino was occupied Dntil the end of the llth 
cent, by a email harbour , a relir: of which still exists in the Porte 
duPorJ-(J'Ouef((PlJl3i,^. 1), a gateway with two round towers, to 
theS. CIoSrB^, in the Place de Saint- SaSns, is the Theatre (VUG; 
C, l)i to the E. are the Warm Bathi (PI. 1 ; C, 1) and the BSlei 
dt Viae(Pl8; C, 1, 2). — TUfiMwA (PI. 11; C, 1), in the Hue 
de rUfitel-de-YiUe, contains a^quRIee fonnd in the neighbour- 
hood, local curiosities, a natural history collection, and some paint* 
Ings, besides the artistic collections (furniture, bronzes, scutpturei, 
paintiuRB, etc.) and library recently presented to iiis native town 
by Oamille Saint-Saens. the composer. Adm. daily, except Men., 
in summer, 11-&; in winter on Tues, Thurs., Sat., and Snn., 11-3. 

The Ei'«ie2!L',iPl- B, 1. 2), which skitts^the base of tbe 
castle-bill, is now one of the llnes^t^tiets in Djeppe, mainly through 
the exertions of M, Frosmont, who Is here commemorated by a 
handsome fountain. 

On a precipitous white cliff at the W, eitremlty ofthe Plage rises 
t he Casll e (Fl. B, 1, 2), with its maesive walls, towers, and bastions, 
efeiHSaih 1436 as a defence against the English. In 1694, howeier, 
it was unable to resist the cannonade of the English Heet (p. 39). 
The castle is now used as harrachs, and visilors are not allowed to 
pass through it to the flne points of view on the adjoining clitfs. 
These) howeTer, may he reached by other rontes, farlher on. 

We regain the town by the Rue do la Barre, whlob is continued 
to the E., to the Quai Henri IV, by the Grande Rue. 

The chnrch o f a Remy (PI. 6; C, 2), not far from the castle, 
in a mixed style m the IRh and 17th cent., contains hu^e^jound 
columns, of which those in the choir have elaborately carved cap- 
ital3.^n the Lady Chapel, and at the entrance to the sacristy, on the 
left of tbe choir, are some n."(1 flUr'r*'"'"' 

The chiirchof ( 3(. ^f emies fPI. 4; C, D, 2), a little farther On, 
is an inleresflTTTNorid Gothfc edifice, dating from the 12-ieth cant. 

DOt in stone tiiit such eagariee should b« attempted' (FergusEon). 
The Uth cent. porUl is flanked with turrets, adomed vith statues 
in niclies; tlie W. tower dates from the 16tb century. 

The tHTHijQjUt. Jne. The ioMt o! the vaults of tbe choir and leieral 

irark in the Foinicd snd RCDiissance Ufia. tatBtS Jhi screeoi. efjoasl 
of (htrcEspela abd tSFHiK Grebes to tbe left or ibe cboir. The chief tl- 
traction oFTbe iDleiior II, bfiweVer, tlie ifud. Ch^cf, r lchw jii ornert with 
scalBtWC'i 'be moflern Blalned gltsa, bj Luaaon, repreafois ibe D'eaih and 
CoronaUon uf ihe Virgin, ibe Vision ol Pope Piuj V ihe Triumnh of Don 
Juan after Lepanio, the Capture of Lc PolJet b; Louis XI. in U&, and the 
nroceasion wbicli fDliowed. The Jnewooden siairtase Id ihe sacrislT, the 
modern choi r- alalia , the Dr;an-casc, affiTThe pulpit »« noieworlbj. 

The Plsce Nation ale, adjoining the chntch, is embellished with 
a flue Statue ofDuquctne (PI. 15 ; D,1}, a native of Dieppe, and one 
of the most iUuetrlons admirals of Franca, who defeated the Dutcb 
admiral De Rnyter la 1676. The statue is by the elder DanUn. 

The moit inleretting point In the envlron> of Dieppe is the ruined cai tie 
of Arqyu (n. 15), siiuated 1 M. lo Ihe a.E. The eicntsion idbt be made 
bj-eSST'BS' eituraion brake, or by carriase (there and back 6 or e(r.). 

About 2i/]H, lo tbeW. ofDieppe, by the clilTg ot tbt Caudr-CdU, lies 
PenniUs (/rttel Qraff), a prettily litualed little bB<blB(-place at the month 

nibus. kiVariaaniUeA'k ». farther on. ii the Itsnc ir ^Afins ,. a brmbouse 
tjuilt in lEelBWcefitrFy the merchant-prince AHfU IIIV!l|^e, who enter- 
Inlned Francis I, here, and i'ltX. farther is tim lAghOlautl of Ailiy. From 
Varsneeville wB may gr. on to |i/» hr-) att. HargueHIt, At the month of the 
SiAne, and Qitibrrwitll {Bit. du Casino, £. from 3, dej, S, D, 3, iucl. trine, 
pens, from 8 fr. ; dca Biuns), ■ small balhing-piace, reached aleo by omnibu 
ditcoi from Dieppe (S'/i M.). — Pnj* {Houl dt Fu^i, of ihe flrsl class; 
furnished hnmes U, let) is a pretty lltUe bathlDe-pUcc, with Qne Tlllas, 
11/, M. to Iho N.B. of Dieppe by the shore !at low Ude only), 2i/, M. .ia 
Le Pallet. It may also be rcacbsd by omnibus C/ifr.; IVt (T' <bers and 
back). The late Karquls of gallsbary bad a Tilla hsre. The (Xli (f« Usui 
or Camp dt Ciiar, on Ibe cliff to the tlebt as we approacb, is. Sldd 10 bays 
been a Oalllc 'oppidnm'. — Sei^etaJ (Hot. de la PlaeSi Orand Hfitel) Is 
aaolher bathing-place, 7 U. to the H.E. of Dieppe, to wbjch a diliEenes 
(lVift>) plies In connection with the trains. 

Faoii DiEFFE TO Lb Hivbe, Tiy, H., raUnay In 1 bri. (fares 13 ti. 
8 fr. 75. a fr, 70 c). We follow the Eouen Une until beyond the first tunnel 
■ ■ " >wl, f - - ■ ■ - . - - - . 

jSotrilfc, on the line ftom Kouen t 

u«. Vala-s-m-Caux 

(p. 66). - 

29'/. M, 

Cflnr (Hotel d 

on the riehi bank 

of Ihe flur* 

U. Dilfeences bene 

to VtulUta and to 

Lii paiii 


. — 37V< M. rateww 

(Hdt.du Commerce; 

1" i?f; ftudi 

elBtbcent.) and a bea 

uUful'™" '*' "■ 


of Ibe ISth ce 

t,J with old mOBume 

ots- - «Vi M. Ficmv (p- 67J, - 


to (TO/. K.) £. Sm-!, ace p. 61. 

Fboh Di 

IVi-iVs h 

5fr. 16, 3fr. 

50, 2fr. aSc). - 

Ibe Ponloise line 

(p. 45). The 

y of the EoBlas, wbi 

b It quits 


n, with a handsoK 

eburch (leth cent.). 



fills-OM. Cr 

e la Plage), J'/. M. to 

the N.W 

rim, has a 

the mouth of the ri 

sr, I'A K 


necrosw, the Ytrcs 

and aseends rapidly. 

iied. — 

44 RohU 4. UANTES. From Dieppt 

92'/j M. Kautei (Orand Caf^ Racher dt Canealt), k picturesque 
town nith 8034 Inh&b., auinsmed 'La Joiit', haa two Tilliriy-Bti* 
tiong ■■ Mantei-Slation, wbere manr of the trting do not itop; mi 
Mantei-Err^anchemtnt (baffet), where the route to Cseii ind Oher- 
bourg (R. 21) diTerges. Tha Avenue de U R^^ubUij^B leads from 
the latter aUtion^to the PUce de .la Kipi itligne. and thence, aa the 
UuB NaGSnale.'to the Seine, 

The oW tower oiSLjiuctoa, open at the top and adorned with 
carved niches for et»1aes(sDiDe ot which lemain), unites theOotbie 
and RenaisEance styles; it dates from the 14tli j entury. The R&ltl 
de Ville and Tribunal, opposite, are both aodent'^at devoid oTin' 
teresT^ between them is a Renaissance Fovnlain ot 1621. 

It wag at the capture of Mantes that William the Coniiiieror 
received by a fall from Ms boiae the injury of which be afterwards 
died at Rouen (1087) ; and that prince is eaid to have beqaeatlied a 
large snm for the erection of the present Gothic ch urch o f •JVolrt- 
Dam e op the aiCe of one hamed down during the aiege. The bnik 
of tlie ediilce dates from the end of the 12tli^ t^nt. , thongh It has 
been freqneiitlf altered and recentlr restored- The elegant gallery 
at th e top of the towers, formed by a doable balustrado, Is^odern. 
The ff . fstadels eMVeTIisbed with a_fin67ose-window and tlie'trlple 
portal 19 richly sculptured, though onfaVtiinately mutilated. The 
part to the right ^i^s from the 14th century. 

The R)t«JKTEKioB. vileli coashii of a nave, alilN, and chotr, wilhout 
(rauiepu, TrusuiUany 1)rielitlT llgbtcd. owing lo the abience of itained 
windowg. Id tha nare round pillari alternate with cluttered en[nDins, 
iDmB of which tits u high u tha lofty vaultini;. Tlie plllari al tba end 
of UiG ehoir, and IhoBe lapportlng the lUlted Uothlc arehei, aro ipedally 
nolewort^. Tlio trKorium EiUery ia lighted by imaU wlndowa from 
baUnd. The towera, from the height at ^e vaullin; of the alilei to the 
iDmmlt of the Dare, open Inlo the ehurcb. The Bve apilda) chapeli, and 
the large S. shapel, the roof of which la aupporled by a central pillar, 
ware added in the llth century. 

A small island in the 9eine here is united with Mantea and 
with Limay, on the oppoaite bank, by handsome modern bridges. 
Another old bridge (12-15th cent.) spans the Seine farther up. 

Feoh HuiTSa TO Pabis vi] AaaisTEUiL, 36 K,, railway Id l-ll/t hr. 
(brea 6 fr. RJ. 1 fr. 10, 2 1>. Sfi c). Tbia line croues the Seine aod followa 
the rishl bank vii fl'/i M,) Umay, (7 M.) Jmitri, (lO'/i M,) Union, a 
prettily aitoated iiltle town nith u interealing ctinrch, and tU ».) Trl€l, 
alao poaieiaing aa ln(«Mstlns cburch (13-faili cenl.). Fine view of the 
Seine, to the right. We skirt tba hill of ihe Haatil (6SS n.), and eraaa the 
Olu Jujl before reachinE (W/i M.) Coivfani-ai-i/MioriM , <f, H. irom the 
other atalion a( Conflan* (p. 48). Thence lo Paris yii (43'/" "■) BerMat, 
{HS'/s M.) CormttUU'tn-ParM,, »nd (30 M.) Arvenimil (SoleU d'Or), see 
Bttidekir'i Farii. 

Bailway lo Can and Chcrtxarg, see B.!21. 

To the left, aa we quit the station of Mantes , we obtain a lliie 
vievf of the towers of the town. 98 M. EpSncMHiim; iOZK. U> 
Mureaux, 3/4 H. from Heulan (aee above); lOti H. Vemauttlet, the 
sUtion on the left bank for Trial (see above). The taUvay now 
closely follows the winding! of the Seine, on Its left bank. 

Id Pari). AKQUES. J. Route. 45 

108 U. PoiHj {Bufftt : mttl de Routn, at the sUtiou, nesi th« 
bridge^, » town with 7d00 inhsli. , w&s the UtthpUce of St. Loula 
(1215-70). It vw &Uo tbe scene of the aboitive confeKncs held In 
1561 with 1 view to adjast the differaneea hetween the Roman 
Catholic and Protestant partiea, the compromise arrived at being 
vetoed by tbe Sorboiine. — The principal Church Is a Qne building 
of tbeTraoBition style of the 12th cent., altered iu the 15th and IGth, 
and restored la tbe 19th centiiiy. Above the centre risea i well- 
pieseived bell-tower, terminating in a lofty spire, and at the W. end 
is a sqnaie tower, Bariaounted by an octagonal atory capped by a small 
stone Bpire. "We enter by the double portal on the S. side, an ele- 
gant work of the 16tb cent., but unfortunately mnr.h mutilated. The 
interior, which has no transepts, possesses considerable antiquarian 
interest. The nave and part of the choir show both Norman and 
Qothic arches, and groined vaults, tbe eompartmenta of which are 
separated by arched joisti, as in barrel-vaulting. The triforium is 
formed by a row of twin-arches. The aisles eiblbit vaulting in 
which the pointed arch is used, and the apsidal obapeU have stilted 
vaulting. The apse, recently restored, ia lighted by flie rose-windows. 
— In front of tbe church is a bronze siatue, by Fromiet, of MtUto- 
nitr, the painter (1816-91), nearly opposite hla former house. — 
Ligne de Grande Ceinture to Paris, see Baedelctr'l Pari). 

Ill M. Acbiret, In the forest of St. Germain, Is the Junction of 
the direct Une to Dieppe (via Gisors, p. 48J. At (114 M.) Maiioni- 
LaffiUt is a chateau built in the ITth cent, by Msnsart. In the 
vicinity are a Race Courtt and a Qolf Cotmt 

The Seine la crossed before and sfier (116 M.) BouUitt. — To 
theleftis theaeylumofPetit-Nanterre, to the right St. Germain and 
ite terrace. On the left we see tbe bills of Cormeiltes, Sannois, and 
Montmorency, then Argenleuil, and the fort of Mt. Valirieu. Varioua- 
railways now diverge to tbe left and right (see BatdeitT'i Parii), 
Tbe Seine is crosced for tbe last [time at Amiires, where the lines 
to Argenteull and Versailles diverge. The train pasaes Ciichy, inter* 
sects tbe fortifications of Paris, threads a tunnel, and reaches — 

126Vj M. pEu1t;(Gare St. Lazare). 

b. From Dieppe to Fari« vi& Oiaora and Fontoiae. 

106 M. lUiLWAi iD 3«/,-!l"/, Ira. (firea 18 ti, 80, 12 tr. TO, 8 tr. 30 c). 

DUppe, see p. 38. — S'/a M. Hcuintjni!, junction for Le Tr*- 
port (p. 41). — 3'/2 M. A^iBSSt * small town at the confluence of 
the BJJAune and the Arqtit!, is celebrated for tbe decisive victory 
won here in 1689 by Henri IV with 4000 men over tbe forces of tbe 
Leagne, amounting to 30,000 men, under the Duo de Mayenne. The 
ImpflMjg ruin of tbe Chateau is a favourite resort of visitors from 
Dieppe. Founded in tbe tttfi cent, on the border of Normandy by a 
Seigneur d'Aiqnee, this caette changed hands frequently daring tbe 
wars which raged In this district ; the English held it from 1419 'mti) 

46 Route 4. FORGKS-LES-BAXJX. From Dieppe 

1149, when it floally paaeed to Fianca. The eaetle, vMcb did not 
become a mintUl the 18th cent., is now pnUlo prop erty and alwiyi 
open Jo ylel tori. Aithongh occupying a aeeDre position on the 
enWit of's hill, this gtionghold wrb farther protected hy a moat 
and two waila , the flcst of vhich le flanked hy (tonr massiye towoTl 
of hrick and stone, hoilt hy Fnnclg I. The donjon If perhaps the 
moat ancient part. — The CAurcA of Aig^nea, a handsome Gothio 
bnilding^JJlB.lSth cent., contains a fine Re naiEsanee rood-loft, old 
atajjied £1me, etp. ^- The Foreit ofArguei Met to the N.E. 

15'/s M. Btirei, which has declined troja its former importance, 
hu a flne Gothic church of the 12-13th cent., with a Holy Sepulchre 
of the 16th cent, and other noteworthy scnlptnree. 18 M. Mttniirti 
has a flue Keoalasance chStean (on the left). — 21 M. JTenfoUtel- 
■n-2iaf (Grand Cerf), a town with 4130 Inhah. , is noted for Ita 
cheese. The handsome chnich dates ftom the 12-16th oentnriea. 
The town contoini ■ small Mne«e. — Beyond (261/s M.) Ne»U- 
St-BaiTc the railway qnits the Talley of the Bdthone. — 30 M. 
flnqnenx (Buffet), also a station on the line from Amiens to Sonen 
(p. 32), in connection with (be railway to Lo Trfport (p. 37), 

S2 M. Fo^ea-lea-SaiLZ. — Hntsli. Gkikd Hotel do Paic, at the 
BUMIasemei^ CoH iiRinTtL, cloae 1>v. B. 3-10. B. 1~1V<, d^. ^, D. D incl. 
wine, fSBM. ftoBi 1(1 (i. i MODTUH, LioH d'Ob, both in tbe town. — EueLTaai- 
HINT. Aim. in the foienoanSO c., BlUniooti 1 fr. , oliole daj Vlifn tol)- 
Kriplii'n for » month 26 fr. t bailiS'/s-O fr. (including lio en). — Omnilmi from 
tbe H6tel doMontou to8«rqnoni (see above) In connecUon will tb» trains. 

Forgei owes ita repnlation to its cold chaljheate springs, first 
brought into notice by Anne of Aostcia, motbei of Louis XIV., 
but now little frequented. The EtahUiiemtnt, inclnding a casino 
and a hotel, is situated In a small parV, aboat l'/< ^- tiom the 
station [adm., see above). The large Place de Brevl^re, in the 
town. Is embellished with a bust of Br<iiltTe, the engraver (1787- 
1869). Adjacent is a modern Gothic Chunk, in the style of the 
13th century. 

46 M. Gonrnaj (HStel du Noid), a town with 4200 tnhab., <s 
the centre of the Payt dt Bray, » fertile grazing country, noted for 
Its butter and cheese. Between the station and tbe town rises a re- 
cent! y'lestored Church, in the Transition style, containing somt 
good wood-cirving. Tbe foontain in the Place Rationale dates from 
the 18tb century. — Railway to Beauvaii (St. Oermet), see p. 36. 

The line now traverses tbe VolUi dt Bray and beyond (60 M.) 
Eragny enters a hilly pastoral district, watered by tbe Epte. 

61 Vt M. OitOTB (Batfet; H6tel de i'Eeu-de-Franee, in the main 
street), a tovrn with 4680 inhab., situated on tbe Epte and two of 
Its tributaries, waa the former capital of the Norman Vexin. 

The Virin (Pagai Vmca-ltn'tl wai the medlaval name of (he n|loB 
Bxlendlng along the rlgbt taaaU of (he SBine from the Oiae to beTond 
Jumligeai ibe K. porUon, belon Veman, wu Ibe KDrman Veiin, a 
ilistrlct often dlipnUd by (be EDglisb and French, tbe 8. purl traa tbe 

ta ParU. GIS0R8. i.BouU. 47 

Tbe to'wn is divided into two parts by a. broid thoroughfiire, 
called tbe Rue de Cappeiille u f ar m tbeEpte and thence tbeKae 
du BoaTg. Tbe Koe de Pacis leads from the foot of tbe Rue du 
Bouig to (Vz M.) the BtaHon of GUon-VOU, tbe terminas of tbe 
line to BeaDvaU (p. 36). — No. 20 In tbe Roe dn FosB£-des-Tan- 
nenra, which runs from the Itae de Cappaville to the Bue de Puis, 
is a TiwJieT Houst in th« Benaiesance it)ile, vith ■ licbl; oarved 
fatade. The H6lel de Vilit, faither on, vaa fonuerly a convent; the 
fa;ade on the other side ia tbe more Inteiettiag. It contains a small 
MuaJB and a library. 

Tbe Urge Chureh of St. (7ei-t>ats, dating from tbe 13-16tb cent,, 
on tbe left side of the Bne du Bou^, ia elaborately adorned vith 
scnlptniB and preBsnta seyeral intetestinE arcblteetaral feataiea. Tbe 
W. portal and towera, for e:iample, form an eitTaDidlnary combination 
of the Gothiii, Classical, and RenalEsance stylea ; vhUe theN. portal, 
on the other hand, la a remarkable specimen of Qorid Oothk. The 
dnely carved oaken doois (16-17th cent.) of both theae portals 
ehould he noticed. 

The Ihtuios, wUch bu double aislea, UlDiIntei the iime tetlmical 
erndlilDD and bad taste. The moit intereeUDg objects are Uie carved snd 
tiriated pillars, on IbeB.ilde) the anUque stained £lase; the sluiie organ- 
loft) aTieeorJeueln tbe Ist chapel on tbe 8. side; a sculptored 'tsdavec' 
eiMneoMlr attribnled to Jean Ooujon (in tbe Brd chspelji the 'suiting 
and bosiea in tbe Msles and aide^ehapele; tbe balmtntded gollerj in tbe 
S. Ironsepti tbe arcading at the end ol the e. alsie; 13 ancient painted 
panels beblnd the blgh-altaii the relief^ In tbe last cbspel of theH. ^sle; 
aDd tbe curious capitals in that aisle. 

Tbe Rue da Bonrg terminates in ■ small square, embellisbed 
with a Etatoe , by Desboeufs , of QauToi de Blamoia (1 770-1846), 
& native of tbe town. Beyond is an attractive promenade, akirting 
the outer wall of tbe castte. 

The CatlU, bnitt in the 12th cent, by Henry II. of England, oc- 
cupies the top of the bill on which the town is built. Little of this 
once strong fOrireas now remains eirept its outer rsmpaite, which 
have also heen converted into shady promenades, and the donjon, 
rising on an artiflclal mound. Tbe outer wall is protected by a moat 
and 12 round towers. The large 'Tour duFrisoTinier', near the donjon, 
contains a dungeon, the walla of which have been curiously carved 
with a nail by some whilom captive. On this aide ia also a small 
court-yaid, between a large round tovrer and a square tower. 

(fares 6 fr D, 4 h. 10, S fr. 65 t) Tfaia line travu<ei"a monotonoua 
diitricl, with nnmeroDS teiUls fsclorlea. — IVt M. OUoti-VUU (see ahOTe). 
10 M. SIrtpagtif (Hot. Pomhet), a smaU town on the Bonii, with a lath cent. 
Chilean, — 10 H. Samiat-iU-EtovU. EaKiit, S'h H. to the W., has a 
renurkable church founded in 1810. Diligence from the stalloa to Lea 

eidi tbe valley of thtAnanlf. — SSM. J 
- -"■ — of the iSth century. — BS'/i k- ^im-u.-.., 
ors to Beauraii, aee p, 36; to Vtnum., see p. 

iii B0UU5. ROUEN. Hotflt. 

63V3 M. Trie-OiSUau, & village with ■ ruined cutle snd a 
Qothle cliuich canuiniDg Mme good BrnlptuiB. 

66Vs M. Chaumont-tn-Vtxln CHflt. St. Nkolaa) is sitnited on 
the slopBB of a bill, on which tbe French kings bailt a oBtls (now 
almost whollT destroyed) to aid them in their struggles with the 
Gngliab for the poseeBsioo of Normand;. Tbe Tillage hu a pretty 
church ot the 15-16th centuries. 

Aa the train aacends to (70 M.) LianeouTt-St-Fitm «e have an 
eitenBive liew to tbe left. 74 M. Chart, junction for Magny-en- 
Vextn (Grand Ceif), an indaatrial village, 8 M. to the W., with an 
interesUng Benaiseance church. 

86Va M. PDntoisft (HStel dt la Qare, dt Ponloise, both at the 
station), a town with 8180 Inhab., ploturesqaely sitaated on a 
height on the right bank of the Oiee. The town dates bom tbe daye 
of the Romans, and from an early period played a somewhat imporl- 
BDt part in French history, oning to its position as capital ot the 
French Veiin (p. 46) and its proximity to Paris. It vas frequently 
Involved in the wars of the kings of France with the kings of Eng- 
land and the dukes of Normandy, and also In the civil straggles of 
later date. The only remains of its fortlQcatlons are the walls of tbe 
ancient cbatean, which protected the town on the side next the river. 
For farther details, see Baedekttt PatU. ~ Railway to CrM vll 
Beaamont, see p. 3'i. 

"We cross the Olse. — 87 M. Erofny-NeuviUt. Fine view to the 
left. Beyond (90 M.) Conflans-Fin-d'Oiie we cross the Seine, near Its 
confluence with the Oiic. To tbe right diverges the raiiwny to Ronen. 

From (92V2 M.) Achlrei to (106 M.) Pari>, see p. 46. 

5. Rouen, 

SUtiana. Gore de rOuril Htm i)r"«« "t •" K> "ue Virle CPI. C, !J, the 
chief «UHon (BulTei). BJl'-SininiDaloIeTlavre and Dieppe; OartdttOwil 
Bin OoM*. or de St. SrtwTPl- D, B, S); Ban fti S6yS (PI. F, G, 2), for 
Amicus (p. 33); ffarc d-Orlian, (Fl. C, D, 5), Vlace Caraol, for Blbeat, 
DriiD<, CiiKlrej, BnT-rfiR^5iTlF. 69). 

Hotali. ■0£a:<d Hotel d'Abcletbbbh <F1. ■; C, D, 3,1). Conn BoVel. 
dlCD 7, E. MS, D. Bfr.; 'Di Li Posts (PI. f; C, 2), Rus Jeanne d'ArcTa, 
K. from 3. D. av, tr, ; HStbi, d'Albioh (PI. b i C, i), Qnai de la Bourte IB, 
U. *-8, B. I'/j, iSi. 3, D. i ft. incl. wIds; di Pubis (PI. d, D, *), Qmi do 
Paris M: *de Pbibci <P1. e; D, %, Bdb do CinDCB S9, B. from 4, drj. 
31/2, >D. S tt.i DC NoBD (P!. c; C, 3), Rsa ds la Oriue-HorlDge M; bu 
Chuuk-dk-Fib db Dibffb (PI. k| C, \\ Rse Vsrle, B. 2Vr«. B. I'/t, d^j. 
3, D, 9h St. i Viotobu (PI. J ; C, i), lame atrcBt, near the lUtlon on the 
right tank) dd DiorHis bt D-EspiaHB (Fl. 1; D, 3), Place de la B^dd- 
bllquB, with rejtaDianl, d^l. 2>;i, D. S ft.: db Kdbhahdib, Bue du Bee 
»-13, K. ftom 31/t, B. i, d^. 31/,, D. 3, peni. ftom I'/ifr. ; Libiedi (PI. 
b: M. 3), Koe de la SaroDncrie i. — Fimlnn llama. Bat d'Eanplet 83 
(SB-iO fp. weekly). 

BaBtauBBti, at Ihe hotels. Xutovratif Franfoii, Kue JseqnB9-le- 
Ueur 10, bebind tbe Hdtel d-Aneleterre, d^J. i), [). 1 ft. (also a la carte)^ 
BmreU, A la ForU dt Parit, Quai de Paris, d<^J. 2, D. V/t It.; de ParU, 
KuedelaQrOMe.Horlaese^, SD?ulu',.d^. I'ii, D-lVi-^ft., sl«a ji la carle j 

A iSr™--3am»rittK-ma:iaToDi lo anfffr -^ 





s. qubl de f«ri, 

-iD-CUQqu^rsDl 11 (Fl. C, 2, 3), nllh 
Vi ff., pel hour, 2 St. ; >l nlgbt (IS-6 ». m.), 2'lt or 

, . o the staUun of 

1. 421; 1, FroinUie KontevKrd Deauvi 

tP' " " ' - "■' " ■ 

ji-ir«ii;(Pl. D, &)i 6. . ._ 

D. fiU)i 7. From Ulc Pont CorneillB (PI, D, i; p. BS) to the Ghaiap da Oit€aux 
(PI. C, lj;S. From St. Baver (PI. D, B) to tbe Sat Verti (PJ. 0,1)^9. Prom 
the MmdeleiDC (Fl. A, 2, 3) la the AoiUb dt l^oat-hi-Fitrel (Fl. Q, 3); 1(1. 
Circular line, from the PoDt Coniellle to PoDl CoroeiUe, vi& Ihe Boulevard! 
CauchalM and St. Hilaire. — The second sisleru (head ofilce M the Pont 
Boieldleu) comprises livelioes: 1,2,3. Fmm the Qua! de la Bourse (Ft. C, 3) 
to Anifrtimi-la-ia-Voii |PI. O, u), (o Bapratmt (PI. A, 2), and to Bihm ' 
>ii> the nat Boullbet; 4. From the Quai de I'aria (Fl. D, i) to Ihe chui. 

or P((.j-(h«HiiB(p. a'9i ■ 

. F'rom the 

. Place du 


1 to the Omati, 

(PI. K, 


I. Eac 

:h line a, divided into 

rare! {2nd cl.) 

. witUii 

or la and 


;. The hailing 

plBces arc 1 


. by 


tosls. - C» 


p. B8. 

ate an 

1 Bauilh (p. 

. m} h 

1 I'/i 

ibr., 1 

from the Q 

ual de la 

Bonrse, 6 

times daily (7 t 



■ummer; f 

ares SO c, 

flOc, r«i 

i^°2fr.''K"l ft.°Sl ^.t l"f' 

'r. (omii 


ID ilalion eilra). 



aLio nliet 


D OU., 

[I(*Oc,), vli Hwplel, 


■Jo-W.l'U, to i^(in>-a<tt«4/'. 

and F<irl-S 

'l-0«». - 

To l4Ba 

rr>, see p. 59. 

-To Lorn 

s mi, be 


aii. al 

. tbe' loll-ho 

use or the 

Mdieu (PI. D, 1). 


k Telierapll C 

Ifaua, Eue 


i d'A 

re 4B (PI. C, 2), 

j.uB»iii». jiKiiirD ■*[:» jiTit fi-i. D, 3, 1), Qua! de la Bouraa (adm, 
eO C.-5I/, rr.): TIlMITi Franiail (PI. C. 3), Vien. Marchi l'l,-S Cr.); PbtlH 
Bergiri (PI. E, 1), He Lacroii (l/r21/. fr.). 

BufUah Library ft Saadinf Bsem, Sue BeiniDiBine 26. 

AmericaD Ogniul, Thornieeil Bainm Yl««-Oon>nl| S, U. J. Dellipimn. — 
BiHimh VlOB-Ooniul, C. B. C.ClipptrlBa. 

and 3. Chaplain, Bic. F. W. Shtphtri, i Impasse de LlUe. — Wittr^ait 

service! on Bun. el 11 and 6.30. 

Routn, formerly the capital of Normandy, now tLat of the ile- 
partmenC of the Selnt-lnfAiturt, and the seat of «n archbishop, 
with 116,3I6inhab., is » very important eotton-manufactiiritig place. 
It is the richest of French cities in medisval architecture, though 
the coostruction within the last forty ye&rs of handsome streets liiie 
those of Facie has swept away most of the quaint old hoasce, that 
abounded in the foriuec croaked and picturesque liut not very healthy 
streets. The old walls of the town, which bade deiance to Henry V. 
of England in U15 and to Henri IV of Franca ia 1692, have been 
converted into boulevards planted with trees. — Comp. Theod, An- 
drta Cook, The Story of Itouen (London, 1899). 

Rouen i> Ihe Rolomaa'U aS the Romant. The Herman!, under Ilatling 
(some aay Oeler the Dane), penetrated ihna fat in 841, Id their HkI in- 

Palali lU Juiilet. 

• (Tiinuii ud leturnlDB in STSui 
[stria md eiiftbllahed 4 ducby 
uchy of Nonsindy, wbtch aeo 

dcKd bit nenbew, Arthur uf BrttUny, in Ihe uitle itl Rouen, Knd waa 
dliDDiaeisFd l>y J'hnip Augugtua in l^t. Bonen waa rftiikcn bj theEng- 
lli£ in 1419, md lelalo^d until lUg. In 1131 it wa> theacene of lbs con- 

lilm (our vura later, liKi be bid abjured FrDleitintlam. The BevocMion 
of Ihe Edict of Hantei iDdicted a aevere, Ihough lempoTir;, blow on Ihe 
priiaperilT of Rouen. — Among the fa4iiDua DikliTea of tbla lowu are Fierrt 
Oentiitt (IBOB-H), Ihe druniUil, hie brother nomat <ie26-17CIS). Jimttnil 
(lOlT-lTlT), BMeaul! (1791-lSSl). tbe peinter, BoUUItu (LTTS-lSSl), (he 
eompoaet, and G. Flaaitrt (1821-80), the noTelial. 

Quitting the aattdtlaRivcDToUt(¥\.C,i'),-oatatn. to the left 
b; the Rua Veite, whence ire eee to the lelt the fine toner (partly 
modernl o( St. Bfmain (PI. C, 1), ■ ehnrch of the 17-lSlb cent., 
with > richjj '3 e coraled interior. Futher on we cross Uie lioulevardB 
(p. 49) anJ^eriter the viin and '""JBfil"t ^'f ,7tm"t ■<•*"■, vhich 
rans in & straight line to the Seine- At the point of iiitereection ia 
> bronie ststue, by Lefeuvre, of Armand Carrtl (1800-1836"), the 
publieist,- To the left la the Tour dsVeajmcif Arc IP \f; i ), the 
donjon of a oastle buUt by Ph flip in gustas tfter the eipulslon of 
the Englieh in 1204, which n&s the scene of the tiisl of Jo»n of 
Arc; the tower in which she was Imprisoned wu pulled down In 
1809, — On the E. side of tbe Jardbt SolfMno (PI. C, 2), farther 
down the Rue Jeanne d'Arc, ie the Mqb^o des Beaux-Arts (p. 51). 

The 'Palaii de Jiutloe, in the Bue aux Juife (PI. C, U, 2, 3), 
hullt by the ariJBTIectsTRisfr Ango and Roland Lerovx in tbe late- 
Gothic style, resembles tbe handsome tovn-halls of Belgium. The 
central part of the edifice and the projecting wings rorm an entrance- 
court, enclosed by a railing. The left wing cont^insthe SatU dft 
Proearturt or if«a Pas- Fergus, & spacious hall with a high-pitched 
waggon-rooT'of timber, erected in 1493 and restored in 1S76. On 
the N. sj(Te 18 lBt'"Sncient Judicial bench, erected here in 1508, 
cons sting of two stone slabs resting on iron supports. — The central 
part was erected six yesrs later, for the Cour dt I'Echiquitr, the 
supreme tribunal (Parlement) of Normandy, » nd its fam je ta very 
richly ornamented. The assizes are now held here. The lavish dec- 
orations .ot tlie iotular we almost entirely modern. The Salle dit 
AHiiti Jias A.fluft..c»KSits.d,cejling (1J09] in cam d wood. The 
courts are open to the public when In session, and at other times 
Tisilors apply ta the concierge, who IItob in the right w 
Behind thePalaisdeJi ' '" "-■■"-■ — ■ 

CaihedTai. KOUEN. S. Bouu. 51 

1 13S4 Slid restored in 1892. The 
B kind'of 

Porch diiting from 1537. In ths bassment of the tower is a fouutftin, 
iritb Qgares orAlpheue and Arethiisa, tnd IjenBath the porch bts 
bas-reliefe representing the Good Shaphsrd, The Kiie Thouret, to 
the left, beyond the tower; lea.ds past the former B&tel de TiUe 
(16th cent.) to the Palais de Justice. — Opposite the end of the 
line de U Gros«e Horloge rises the — 

*Catitat(tal, pt Noiit-Same (PI. D, 3), one of the grandest 
Gothic ediflces In Normandy, altboagh remarkably unsym metrical 
in plan. The p^inl^.^^[f^^ y m^ A^ltK frnm I ^Tfl-Pf) Th e 'Facade, of 
th e Ititfa ce nt, is profnaely decorated in the florid style, but the 
scntpilires are much dilapidated. The two unAnished toners of the 
fa<^de are of unequal height. The * Tuur de Beurr t, the loftier and 
more beaatlfal.„2j^,[t. In height, derives its name from haying been 
erected with the money paid for Indulgences to eat butter during 
Lent. The other, theXo^'',?'-^'"nj'ftiifi-345it,.high; with the ex- 
ception of the highest story^TTdatesfrom t heT^.t.h cen t., and is thus 
the oldest part of the whole building. The '""^IJtlil fVn[W< "^nivri 
over the transept, Is snrmonnted by an incongruous iron spire (since 
a Are tn 18'i2), which reaches the height of 466 ft. 

The two aide-portal B, dating from the ISc h ce nt., are of great 
Interest, especially Ibal: on the N., called the^PorliuIdcjLgjiajjei 
from the book-stallB that once occupied the coort. Itifl ^^iJfl y^rBk 
on the tympanam (unflnished) represent the lt^ji^t£Cttcin- "id the 
Last_Jud^aent, those on the arrhivolt, sH.tnts and angels, the 
otfietg, grotesqae subjects. Th^^jjoUatJj known as the Portail de 
la C<dtndt, from a brotherhood that a;ed to assemble here on the 
'Calends' or first day of each month. The ^j^ilftures above the en- 
trance repreaBjjtscenes^ftoin the Passion; the others correspond to 
those of the N. portar 

The UOESioii uf the church (Uiltinlenjilhi ttansepl 177 fl. Id Unglh; 
nave and •iijna ''" " 'v -M.h, ^ TJiTW Wi'an ia in tEd caily-PotBted 

The cboir Sm double aiiles, end ihs transepts are divided into ml^le 
and Bide aialea by columns and arches of the same deilga ai tbou in the 
nave. The uia of tbe churcti slopes a little towards tbe 1^. end. 'Above 

a Iriforinm; abovs VaU e^alD are two gallniea one above the otber; and 

that there are Qve )iarl»>Dtsi divisions In tbe walls of the nave, whieh 
has no parallel in England.' (WiaUtT'i *Frmch CalkcdraV). Pari of the 
stained glajsdales frum the fStb century. The &ifi chapel on Iho right, 
in th, Taff^n,,,,,^ conljEns a large allar-pieiS^'Vepr^-btBirffiiC'"!- 
BlAiloD and the aartyrdom of SI. iJteptaen, and also several moDuments of 
the 13th and 14lh cenWrfes. The lastji«)e! on thf 3. side of the nave 
contains the Jpmb of Roll o M. asil.TSrWkc oflTofmsndy, and the cor- 
jaipoadln e cCUISl. UB' (lie H. tLle thai of his son - William Ltmgv-Bpei 
^.Hl!). Ffom tbe N. transept a beautiful tiothle lUltcaae, with open 
Iraceiy, uwnffl-to (B6 chapter-library (plTKItTbaniodetB pulnll In tho 

nave, a nd the ocEa n-caje (IT-lSlh cent.) should be nollcetf. - ^ ' 

In fiflWonEfPRiilr Is a poor rood-loft of the IBlb c«nluy. Kie Iron 

52 Route 6, EOUEN, SI. Macloit. 

scteeDi of Uie Eliapela >r« cloiid eicept during lervlca (apply Ui ths 
sa«ri<i»ni tee). The ''tiwi Jt'"" '" Ihe.wjjiitosw of llieBmt)u!!ttO£T dates 
from tbe 13Ui oenluiy.^nl^^^iji Ihf tnmt o! BUKop^Sri^ (3^1385), 
who r^uH*(tR LUUICtl. In l>l£S^iii£u!atur^ is an ancient mudlated fieare 
Id lime.lonB, 1 fl. in height, ofmni-rd Csar-di-Uon (d 1199), diicofered 
Id 1838; hlB heart in Inlerred baiow. Iti original resting- place in the ohoir 
la indicaied hy a tmall marble tablet. In ihe N. ambuiatoir ii a. coc- 
relponding (modern) ligure of Ricliird's elder brother, Bmrj/ CurhnotUI* 
(d. IISS), whu also is buried ii Ihe choir. The bigh-alutr is a tanptuoiu 

The beautiful *Lftds Chwtl eonulna levethL jPiunlflceDt moDuments, 
The Gothic GTapel-libe lumS'K the left an enler^ i> thit at Dtilii Pitrrt-ll. 
it-MnitiSi- 1»6B), aeneaehal of Normandy, Adjoining ft tte munumeol 
of hii grindion, Lovli dt Briii Cd, 1B30), alio seneschal ,if Normandj, erected 
by his widow, Iho well-known IHana uf t-oitlert (d. 1668), mislreii of Henri II, 
and attributed to Jtan CobKfi and Jtau OoajoH. — Farther on ia the Mo«ft- 
mtal if Cardinal dt Crot (d. 18U), erected in ISfiT. — Tbe most (mpoBinc 
of all is llie maenHlcent "'i&B'aUl^o/ Cardinal Oeomt d'AuAMie (d. 101(9, 
the powerfnl minlitCF of Loiil'aMl.,' and his neplew, who wu atli) > 
curdinal, by Roland Ltraux, erected in 1623-25, but modified ittier IMl 
when the second kneeling statue wu added. In the centre are kneeling 
■tatueg of the cardinals, and behind them a bii-rellet of 8t. Qeotge and 
the dragon and Blatuea of Chrilt, the Virgin, and sti lllnli. The gii SU- 
tueiteO.«lSS.mK"'£°' ** 'irtues, ihoaa above Ihe Apostles. The wlola 
is' femarkaElTTo rlTJ" - e^ifBl WIB tinish and is ranked among the chefi- 
d'ceuvre of fteEenaissanftlB France, — The allai^pieco, an Adoration of 
the Shepherds, is by FMiriimhampalfHi. 

The Oiapltr Larart (comp, p. al) contains the Tnamrt of the cath- 
edral, open to tisiiors in lummer (2 fr.). The objects uf interest here 
iiiclnde Ihe leaden box found In ISIO wliich contained the heart itC Eichiid 
0<EuT^e-I'ion, FlemLsh and Anbusson tapestry, reli^oaries including the 
'fieria de St. Romaln' (see p. 03). vases, books and HSS., monitranm of 
tha Itlh cent., a portrait of Ctrd, York, Ihe last of the Stnarts, elo. 

Visllors may ascend Id the tan of the a^w on spplylog to Ihe con- 
elnge si the Fortall dei Liliralres Rfr. for lapers.s BOc. e»h addlUonal 
pen,); 39D steps to the platform, wTicirce iSe view is already very flne, 
aod tSi more thence to the lanlein. View like that from the Egllae de 

Opposite tbe main entrance oftbe cstLedral Is a han^^aiuJiuild- 
ing of tbe luUi centTpcy ftni^m^\„f imown as the ^iiifnit da 
Finaiuit. Tha old Cgur <je> Comp |ei (l^llufiaatQ, to the left of the 
in am portal, hag been partly unmasked by building-operatiauB in 1897. 

The BitenslTe pile,fl>edral is the AnJi- 
bishosJPalaee (partly 16th cent,). It has ^jigorway by MinB»rt and 
contains'four paintings by Hubert Robert, , — Proceeding towards tha 
E, and crossing the Rue dels Republiqne, we reach the church of — 
■*8t. JtacUn (PI- E, 3), & lery rich example of the Bond Gothic 
style of t iie Ja th century. The modfloijmlmAbQsaJiiiwowinf, com- 
pleted iiiT8BtF,'i8 255 ft, high, ITie SU'Poriaf, ,» very elaborate 
piece of work, has a pentagonal porch. Th^L.^j^guisitely caired 
reliefs .mJ)u,j|[acdMut£aau-.u'e ascribed to Jean (joujon; and In 
the Last Judgment of the tympanum bas~ieUef~Kusidn flnds a 
'(eaiful gratesqueness' worthy of tbe united powers of Orcigna and 
Hogaith. The chief points of interest In the intador ace tbe Gothio 
staircase leadinglb Ih'e brgnii (fSth cent.), the stained glass (l&'16th , 
oent.), siiilTlnrrair^lYigs. -- ■* 

Quai/i. ROUEN. B. Route. 53 

Ulp'ille, ■ ahort dlaUocs from tho ehnich, ub 
__ SriiB- imeb^ c™.Set, eacloaed with ucAde«, 

— r"B"ch«ol -bulldinei. On the piUiH (till Ilngei lomo 

sculptured fFAgmenta of a Dnncfi of De^th. 

Wb no w re tor n to the Kue de la K^flij.lil}qne and descend It to 
the left. XnEe~cornBl oTtte Kiie d'Als»cB-LQIc»lne toi the Rue 
Malpala, to the left, BtanftT'ttie Maiton Sauton-Soujon, t, large 
Ttimi^^p g[\i()fi» ]n i.frft Rarudamifa style, wtth elaborate qaryiijg. 
The Sue dea Hallae, lower down, leads to the right to the 'Ancienne$ 
HaUci f PI. D. 3). where ther e ia n eurioua monuiaent of the RentlE' 
stit ee inttie s hape of the Ck^fUt'SCJromam ri542-43). in open 
ediflcB, onSer which runs a vaulted passage. The ancient ceremony 
of the 'levSe de la flerte', or raising of the reliquary of St, Bomain 
by a condemned prisoner, who thus ohtained pardon, used to be 
performed here every year on Aseension Day. Passing under the 
archvay of the chapel, we soon reach the quays. 

M.) affected by the tide, and a hacbonr of con- 
siderable depth and capacity has bean formed at Kouen The Pont 
ComeilU, or 'Stone Bridge' (PI. D, d), construeted in 1829, passes 
over the lower end of the lU Laeroix, where there is a Statiie of 
ComeilU (p. B4), by David d' Angers. Farther down is the Bimi^ 
BrngJ^iffi,^U)' » han^auaaJoji bridge, erected in 1886-88. 
Above the Pont Corneille on the Qua! de Paris is the Porlt Ouil- 
^uiW-ie-L(o>(XPl-ii,3), a relic of the old walls (1749), with sculp- 
tures by CI. Le Prince. The church of Bon^ecours and the mon- 
ument of Jeanne d'Arc on the hill beyond are well lean from the 
quays. — Farther down the river is the cnfig/m ^3B/i,Ttai^botdeuT 
fPI . B. 4 ), constructed in 1899 from the plans of Arnodin (toltj,J,0 

'" On tne opposite bank lies the suburb of 51. Sever, in which are 
the Qare de la Rlvc Gauche (p. 43; PI. D, E, &), and Hie Gate 
d'OtUam (p. 48; PL C, D, 6). 

and Bae St. Sever leading directi; fmm (he above-mentioned bridges, cod- 
vei^ at tlie modem eburch of Si. Strtr. The Jardia det Flaata (tram- 
way), about V> •>• fteooe, ia uninlerBsMBg, The street to the right 
in fronl of St, Sever, and itasn Ibe Roe St, Julien, 10 the left, brias ua 
lo the modern Eomaneaque church of SI. CMmmf, the fountain In Iront 
of which commemorate! the Am de la BaUt (18ni-ni91, founder of the 
lOdet; of Fi^rei de la Doctrine ChrilienDe or 'Ignorantina'. 

Parallel to the Quai de la Bourse, which extends along the N, 
banktothe W. ofthePontBoieldieu, stretches the Conra Boleldim, a 
fftvnnrii^; ntpTiiflnn''', where a band plays aceasionaTFy in' summer. 
At one end is the ThiUJgfiJfi^rli (PL D, 3, 4), and at the other a 
bronze Statue of Boieldieu (p.GO), byDantan the Younger. Adjacent 
are the Bourse and Tribunal de Commeree (PI. G, 4), an 18th cent. 
building, and the BSttl del TtUgraphei. At the W. end of the Qnal 
de Is Bonrte is the Dotume (PI. G, 4). 

waWrlne; SM. Btrmamt-Um, DoOi 1T7. DuJnifi, a\a&j-, H7. Davbignf, 
Lindaupe-, IS5. Bittil, Aluoso Cuu on the acilToId^ IIS. Dmlbteay, Baoki 
of the Olse; 1B6, Flamtng, Taking o( Ihe Butille; 239. Outllmrt, Bratli 
M TiUen (GiilTadoO; 107. Ctain. Sleet; ST. Otapfin, Ouse at lollo; 629. 
saufftr, Womso pw^lngi 601. ?«m, ConiUnllnople; 189. Rntiff. The 

Ion?/. Charge o't cav.lry .1 Kertng'g; 539! ac?HnU, Epi.ode on the retreat 
from Moicow 1 no numhar, Corm™. The ticlors of SUamis. — 26B. /•.fra. 
'La Belle Zilie": HO. Ve Oirwn, DBmocrimn 192. O. FtrrUr, Death of 
81. Agnes; 30. Bmiir, Women bathioti 119. Mtrian, Bt, laldore of Ha- 
dridi 116, 116. Carol, Views of ViUe d-Airayi 214-230. atHceuU, Stn- 

tlte of Trajan; 6C6. Ziim, Land.cape; BOT, Roehsgrout, Androniache'i OIB. 
PMl. Rsuucou, TtmCbecseg; 196. Riaiwr, Ledai 316. Uraf, Cbriit at the 
bonae of Ltiierua; 61S. Tatar. Duth of Braohllds; 169. Diilrrli. At the 
Ihrine of St. Georges. — 6U. Elcteni, Dob', work; IM. D. Cmn (of 

the atreetL im. J^llroll, Joan nf Arc led to tb« itake-, 112. DalipluirA, 
HeUncholj! 116. JInnMB, Qnoit-playeMi IM. BAnarail, The l»t yojage; 
221. OlaUi, The miserlj kooBekeepwi no number, /, Oman, Pi>rtrail. group 

at Pool ATM (p! 261). — Smili, Kuomb ovurlookins the garden. 215. atri- 
toaU, Acadeniri S99. Zwmnaii, Return from the ehaie; 151. E^Mmil 
ifm-alM, The overturnf d basket. ~ GiiiEal adjofnlcg the Scnlptnre Room. 
BSl. «rtnM., Street in Wew York; IBO. P^Tim*, Banks uf the Loire; ll..^tfot, 
Cbailotte Cordayi Jl. florin, Loqis SIV. di«aol»ioB U>e Parlement. — 

Inga (ae* below), but it la preferable 10 return to the entrance. 

Krai Fliiar. The atairraea trnm ihe »eaifbule (p. 61} H deiorate* with 
a giffijr MTHirculss and the Hjdra, by P, Pvfti, and with paintings ('Inter 
Artes et Haturam'), by Pmlt ifc Chmama. — The Cmuic Coi-Lection, 

aeiiea of Bonen faience of tbe 11-lS^h centuriei, Ihe best period of the 
nann&ctute la TepreienUd In Room 1. — Painlin^i: 169. L. O. /Vfsnia, 
Moonllgbt scene; no number, Ptai^rin, Fia Aneeli<;a; 3fi9. Ltpaiilirin, 
Moonrlsei 273. JoIUmI, Kaasacre of the Innocents; 251. BiItmuiAar, Siege 
of Rouan In IllH; lo Oie rlfhl, 316. £«ret, eendeman In a gambling-deni 
80. Cabot, Lake in Italy; &1. VioUel-k-IHii. Valley of Jony; S. Amaury 
BavM, Battling woman; no number, mgoU", Thrash ine-min; IS. Bbia, 
Landaespe. Then a amall room and Ihe Salon MarjolinScheffer (drawlnga). 
We return and next vi'Ll a long gallery: Lalitrt, 313. Konk adorlDg (he 
Vi^in, aU. SI. Anne teaching the Virgin; 19. JBoKano(V), Circnmcislon-, 
182. SalBol, BaiaiBg of Ijianis; »iin(-ri7"» (Iltb cent.), 021. Adoration 
of the Bbephardi, C<2S. Adoralian of Ihe Magi; 103. Uatgnan, Homage to 
C<0Tii II. — Passing through three rooms of the ceramic calleclion (see 
above), we return to the entrance. 

The Mvnidfal Lihrary {^Am. 10-5), at tbe back of theMos^e, 
contains 132,000 printed books, 400 incunabula, 3500 MSS., 2700 
medall and coins, and abaul 2000 poTlraits of eminent Normans. 

At the angle of the Mus^e adjoining the Rue Thiers is the Afon- 
umcnl of L. BouUhet (1824-69), poet and dramatist, a fountain with 
bust by E. Guillaume. Opposite is the desecrated Church ofji. Lau- 
Ttm (18-lG(h i^iit), with an interesting lowBr limJ^tmy 

BehTna St. Laurent Is the ckpcipfBt. Bo(!ard(;n.D,2), dating 
partly ftoni the ICtJi^.cealiAiy. Moet of tLe..fliie stuoed. £lass is 
either modern. .pt restored. The cbanels to the right and left of th« 
choir each contain a gbod windon of the 16th century. Tha choir 
itself is decorated Ditli mural paintings by Le H^uaff. 

Bt. Oum. ROUEN. 6. BotUt. 57 

If "the Kftemoon Ib &ilv&iiced, Tisitois shoald go direct ttom thli 
chTirch to the Museum of Antiquities [doeed at 4 or 5 j p. 68); othei- 
wiM the; m&r follow the Rue Thiere to the Place de l'B6t^dt-Vm. 

Her* EUnds the ch nrch of "B t. Oaan (PI- D, E, 2), one of the 
most besntlful Gotfain ctnrches in eSstence, snrpMsing the cath- 
edr&t, both la extent and in eicellsnce of style. Most of It ma built 
in 131&-39 . by ACex. Btmtvali but the VK. Forlal, flanked by two jjj^v. ft In iipjgiiTi and un fortunately' a'little too small, was 
erected In 1848-Bl. The'ToiceLgver the transect, 268 ft. in height 
and flanked with giacefnl turrets, is surmouDteS by an octag;onal 
opeil'voik lantern, teimlDating In > gallery (called 'La Couronna 
de Normandle') vbicb commands a fine prospect. The N. Facade, 
which la adjoined by ibe H6tet de Ville (see below), has nolateral por- 
tal; but ttte.£. '^pr'at'J dea Marmcvsel), so called from the heads with 
which it Is adorned, 'djiaeisaLjeiinute Inspection. The leliefa otoi 
the door represent the Death and Assumptioa of the ViTgin. Above 
tbis portal is s magnificent rose-nindow, etill higher Is an arcade 
with Bii Et'kttTes, iniTtiTe whole is rronned with a pediment bearing 
a statne of SI. Oum (d. 678), Archbishop of Rooen. 

Intenor. ThBproporHoni o( tHe church (463 «. In lenetb, 8*11. is 
wUUil. lumaepClSyn.'tif fthCBirMBn. in haatt) are remtriaHj pleai- 

almoBt ealire)r digptued by iL aamer-at^vitinwi. 135 tn numbn, *U 
filled -'"■ ■'■'— i rln't f"-""- — •' Tbe ucusuBlly luCty trifuriiun i* 
"KeoSijiell heauliful. In Ihe nave and tcMse'pls (re three line ro<e- 
wTHHows, also lilifA with alaiued glus. The sraceful and light eOecl 
produeed by ihs Interior li largely due to Ihe absence of non-llrnctiica] 

Id the Ladj Chapel.'— The'vereer (fee) aho^TTM clioTr-thapf Is,' some "of 
wUeB'ctitaQTn'goud IStb cent, tapestriei. and points out aeieral apots 

■aiWAthfi.cSS'* V^" eieeuted by Kic, Flambatt iil TlSfn. TLc gorgeous 
tnoderB aoffiie bfgb-altar waa designed by Sauvageol. The -hrln ■■' "it 
Interior ii re"oct<>d in the b^nilier near IheW. door. — The liaUur ahaojd 
not omit _u>_a!ci'nd to IVe friftWnni and Ibe ooler gallery (1 fr. each pers.). 

Ke HMel do Ville (PI. D, E, 2), on the N. side of the church, 
a building in the Italian style, was formerly the donnitory of the 
abbey of St, Ouen. It •yyitaiue handsome staircases and slalues of 
Ciomeilleand Joanof Aicin theyesfibule. TliB Salle des Crf rim onies 
on the 1st Qoor is adorned with patntlogs by Bandoin (1896). 

tn front of the edifice rises a mediocre Equestrian Statve of 
Napolton I., by Vital-Duhray (1866). At the back of St. Ouen's 
and the BGtel de Vllle is a public garden, embellished with statues. 
The Oami™ atfi C/w^, a Norman lower of the lith i-ent., adjoint 
the Stiffen 'on this side, and probably formed part of an earlier church. 

A little beyond tbe garden la the church of m. Ttrien (PI. E, 3), dating 
from the 14-i6tli cent., wllh an «r,:«n.r^.^ ,^t die VnH rrnl.. a marble 
altar-piece of Ibe'lSth ci 
, ajUng timber 

We now ai 

- ">S^U£,5»^-''<' «?!>=?, 

V ascend the Uiie de la Rfpubliqne to the N., passing 
the Lyeft Comeillt (PI. D, I), Ibrmerly a Jesuit college, with a chapel 

58 Route 5. ROUEN. Environs. 

of tbe 17th ceot. rronting tha Roe Bourg-l'Abliri. At the top of the 
Ras de la Btfpublique Ii the Urge Font^e Ste. Maris [Tl. D, 1), 
by Fatguilre and Depertha, vitb a flguie of Rouen, seated on an 
antique ship and surrounded by genii and symbolical figures. 

To the left is an old conient, eontAiniug the ' Mngeniii ot Anti - 
quitie* and the HuHenm of Kitural Hiito^ (PI. D, IJ. ' " '°°^" "" 

'nft-ilHiTtoti BiAii MP 3EUM ropen iailf, 10 U) i or 0, eicept on Hun. 
and Sat.) compililrnSbfiireii and wobf-iarvEnss oF tbe IbtStK ages; 
InauUfDl itolned-glui ITInclbn'jaaa'etlm'aHICISi ftom eburches and Bup- 

KreiHd monaBlertes'. Boman m oMiia and other anllqi^(ieti weapon* ; gne. 
■u]^mirk; coLna, medaJji, etc. ' AUOAg IFe^moftt fnlerejtiDg ol^ccta are a 
woaiatJtgiarftIm of the ISth sent., an enamelled "ffotld b; j>. BArmond, 
a "CAfimw PiKt ia carved wood, p»liite4lnia"eiiaedtKH5 tent.), a'Targe 
• IfoiaieTmbS-Xt'Lliic'bnnTii In. el) Id 1S70. anollier mogaic of Orpbeui 
and IBB-Wilioals; etc. ^ 

lower down, fg open daily, 10 to 4 or 6 (on Hon. from IS). Tha col- 
leoUon ot bird, on tlio tbird Boor la aolfwoHb,. 

Tlie church of 8t. Fatrico [PI. C, 2), in tho Rub St Patrice, 
eontaina *Sl^t,d Glass dating ftom the 16-17th cent., little inferior 
to that in St. Vincent (-p. M). The allegorical window at the end 
of the N, aisle, attributed to J, Couiin, is considered the best. 

Btoj™^ (PI. A, i), about Vt M- fai 
rebnm^lSe8-7e, wJtb a curious old cr 

aiidlle<ml-E,r*rd, every SO mla. in .ummef {euery V" ht- in wlpter); faro 
do and 30 I. - There arc leverU caT^s and reglauraals near Ibo churcli; 
Cuiiu, i6j. 31/1, D. 3 fr. ; ./ Jfo Campae"- Koute de Paris 7B, 10 the left 
at we come troai the ohuroh, Sij. 2, D. 2Vi&.i file. 

BoniecouTB, situated on a hill on the right bank of the Seine, 
2 M. above Rouen, is a taYourite resort for the sake of the view, the 
church, and the monument to Joan of Aro. 

The iHVfl^H "r PntCfl""! s pilgrim-resort, built In 1840-42 
in the pointed atKJB,oX.the.l3th cent.. Is gorgeously decorated iuthe 
interior. Tlie gildod bron:e altar, the statues in the sanctuary, the 
ohoir-stalls. and pavement are noteworthy. 

The^suMENTOP Joan 5F Abo, erected in 1893, perhaps more 
a commercial speculation fadm. 35 c.) than a work of patiiotism, 
consists mainly of three elegant little Renaissance buildings, by 
Usch, connected by a platform. The principal chapel, with a domu 
surmounted by a St. Michael, encloses a statue of Joan of Arc, Ijy 
Baniaa; the other two have statue* of SS. Catharint and Marsartt 
(by Pripin and Verlet), whose voices are supposed to have &rgt in- 
spired Joan. 

The ^F fe tp,, f [|)^H l^ljfUlatfhrTTi umlirapftq the city, the valley Of 
the Seine for many miles above and below Itouen, and in tbe dJE' 
tancB the verdant hills of Normandy. 





tbuMw, pleturuquBlT (ltukt«d ob the road to Le Haire, 4>/> M. to (ha 
W. of Bouen, hu a chituu ballt by Husut. Abost 3 U. farthu on li 
SI. MarHnzOkSotclterrllli, wilb tbe munlBcent ruined Mbef sf 31. Otcrga- 
iE-B«t^urwille, rafiug tram Ibe ll-lStb untarlei. Tbe cburch [a lUIl In 

MCODd day in lumipar (doUy from Judb lat to Sepl. 3(Hli), in 7V> bra.; 
faieSfr.. Afr.i dack-9aloon ar pamriat (recommeDded), l6 fr. ; return- 
Ueket aiallable by railway ia ana diraeiion and nlid for Ibrea da;>, 
lib.. 9fr.: Kslaurml no board, ii\. i, D. B fr, Inel. wlna. TLii tHp 
i3 recommended In fine weather, at Eeaji aa fU aa Caodebec (p. fiS); an 
eitrs wrap, to wear on board, la adTlaabla. Tbe ateamera atnrt Irom the 

bark or disembark in 'small boats (50 e. i 2S i. ueh for a party) on giving 
previous oolicc, at La BoatlH (aoe above), Duclair (p. 66), J<«Mgtt (p. 66), 
Ouerliuvills-ki-lfaiairayi, CaadiUt (p. 66), ViUtqnirr (p. 66), Quttltbrnf 
(TancBrvniOi p. 6i), and BmJUur (p. iTO). £. ifoora (Qnai Notre-Dsme), 
aee p. 60. 

railway in ^ItS'U bra. (farea'SS fr. 30, le'fr. as, ll h. 7B r.). To 'elsiut! 
11 K., railway in ViVi br. (farea 2 fr., 1 fr. 40, SO c). Tbe tralni start 
from Ibe Gars I'OrlJani (p. 48), and follow tbe left bank of the aeine. at 
some diitanu from the rim. — ID. iVHI-QiHtiHv ,- S^liK. Grmit-QiimBi/. 
51/iM PtHt-Couronnt, wllh Cornaille-s dwelling- bouae {p. 54), now a moaenm 
tadm. 104). Befora and afler (i'h H ) to BouUH-UMUataux wo enjoy a line 

14 M. Elbanf (ffrond i?aKI, Plies da rHiit=l-de-Ville, peni. VI, tt.), 
a cloib-maoufaeinrtng town with IS.IWlph^h,, on the left bank of Ibe Seine. 
The eharcbes of 81. Jean, near Ibe Flace de la Hairie, and 81. Etiamt, abont 
>/(H. io Ibe B.W., both dating from the aeoaiasance period, eoDtalo good 
itnined glass of the tt-lD<h centnriea. The Gaie d'Eibenf-Sl-Aubln (p. 43) 
lira on Ibe rigbt bank of lbs 8ctne, about IV^H. from Ihe Qare d'Elbeuf- 
Vilie or d'tlrUaDa (for Boaen, Cbarties, and Orleans), on tbe oppoaiis bank. 
— Branch nnder conaimclion lo (14 H.) Lc Ifmboura (p. 154), whitber an 
om Dibua (3 fr.) plies at preaent. Steamboat to Bouen. 

Beyond (il K.) roalea the line enters (be Farit dt ^onciera. asd beyond 
(2611.) St-Oermain-itt-loiBrltrt the Bun Is croasBd. —^'/tlS. Lsurie ra (UaaliM, 
U. from 3, D. 3 fr., «oodi Onnd GarfU a cioth-manulhcCuTmu town with 
10,%0inhab., la situated on Ihe Euro. The gutble church of JVoir. Jams has 
a magniflpM * B. p nrlal of tbe IStb century. TRnrEhto 9^. Aerra-i^TauprdV, 
aee p. il — Beiwcoir Eoutiera iiid ttcuj! Uis railway follows Ihe Trtley 
or the Eure, wblch presents no eirikine gcenery. From (30Vi M.) Acavianv 
a IIds mus to Evreai (p. IBS): and from (iSVi H) Pacv-nn--Earc (Lion 
d-Or) another tuns to Vefnon (p. 13). - 62 «. BurtJ is also a sUtion on 
Ihe line from Paris to Cherbonrg (p. 153). UVi H. Ivrt-la-BataUlt, famnns 
Tdi Ihe victory gained in 1(190 fay Henri IV over the League, celebrated 
by Macaulay in a atirring lay. A pyramid comraenioralea the event. In 

of the fith century. 1 68 M.'^W-J"'" (HaL^de" liane}" Thrfamons'oidljm. 
rfMael, I M. to the 8.B., was buill in 1548-1553 tor Diana of Poitiers by 
PtJlibert Delorme at the command of Henry II. Onl; a few remains of 

b7 Jean Qoojon and a marble mosaic' Tbere is also a second chapel built 
bj Diana, In which abs was buried, but her monument is destroyed. — 
dull. Cralh-Bortl. M St.Redi. nn the nnnoaite ■ ■ - - - 
IiTie n«per-mll1 of tbe Drm 1 
aee p. 180. — Tbe line now aa 

[. OhBitrai (Baftl), tea p. IBS. — Trsversine 
M (p. 261). our line InterseiU Ibe railway from F 
[Bee p. 2S7} St (lH^'/tH.) >'0W' It ilao croMes 
)rlc!aru line (see p. Iff?) tX (lOTi M,) Palay, wl 

6. From Le Havre to Eoneii (Paris). 

From Le B»Tre to Pari., U2Vi M-, Riitwir in 3Vi-T/> hrs. (farei 
25 fr. 5S, 17 fr. 25, Ufr. 23c.)i " B™™, <« p. W. - From London Ic 
H Havr,, see p. »lil. 

Le HaTTB. ~ Hoteli. ■Ouhd HStei, FniaotTI (PI. B, 4), on the b«ach, 
[>r from UiB centre of lie town, a. 4-16, B. IVi, (1<). B, D. 6fr., M.hoi. 
Honsn (PI. a; B, 1), Bae Jeanoe d'Arc 3; Co^iinektal (PI. b; C, 1), opi 

)iO,i), oppoiite 
.... ... .. .__ __. .... . B(.»DgiOX(Pl. diC-B), Plsee 

QambetU, E. l-C, B. VL, ii\. S'L D. 4 fr. Incl. wine, pens. iO-13 fr.-. 
PR KoKB.sDiB (Pl.eiC.S), KuBde Parii lOS ud 108, B. S-10, D.S'hle.; 
D'AsOLBMBss (PI. f i C, 2), Hue de Pari. 134 and 136, B, 3-6, L. '/,, A. 1/i, 
B. i,d^.S,D.3V<fr. iDcl. elder, pen!. 8-10 rr.; ToEtam (PI. gi C,B), Place 
aambeKa, witb Citi (eee below), B. from 3, pens. 8 fr. ■. BueslE, Bue de 
Bordeani 43 (B. uid B. only); Aidlb d'Ob (^1. U C,l), Bue ds Parli 32 
and 31, B. S-Q, L. i/t, A. i/j, B. 1, d^j. 3, D. 3i/, Ir. Incl. wins, psus. 10, omn. 
Vi-lfi-l DEB Abhes-de-l.-Tille-dit-Havbe (PI. k;C, 4), Bne d-Ealimau- 
Tills 3e ; DEI HaaociiHTB (PI. 1 1 C, 3), Bue CorDeille D, pens. 9 fr. -, de l'Ahib- 
AOTS (PI, i; C, 4),J)raEd_quil,^E. frpm^3^ d^. 3, D, 3ViJr.i_ dm Ibpes « 

DB Boueh', 
d^j. lVi-3, 
B. from 3, u:^. ^-11, 

Bestaunnti. At the 36ltl de Sordiaia (lee above)-. Torimi, in Ibe 
Arcadei of tbe PlaM Oambetta, & la carle; Bit. de VAigie d'Or, iii. Vh, 
D. 3 fr. Incl. eider: Plal d^Jivenl, Place Blchellen, d^j . 1V>, D. 3i/i fr., beer 
or cider included. 

Cafes. Tarleai (lee above) and ofbers In the FlaeeQsmbetta; Cufi ds 

Place de rH&tel-de-Ville; Cafi de Parii, Place Bichelieu, etc. 

Oabi. m Ibe town, per drive Ifr. aSc, perhr. 2 fr. (after midniihl 
2 4 ai/s fr.) 1 on Ibe heighu as far aa the oolrol-liinits, per Ori-n l"/i, per br. 
2Vi ti. (after midniehl 2'/i and 3 fr.lj 1o Ste, Adresse (1* Carrean), per 
drive i'/., per hr. 2Vi fr. (S fr. at nigit). Tmnka, 3(1, SO, or SOc. 

£leoferic Tramways, i. From the Jtlie (Pl.B, C,4) (o OraviUe (p. 61), 
Tii tbe Rue de Parla,the Hoiel dcTille. tbe Bue>Tbiera, and the Ronl-Puint 
(PI. B, 1). — 2- From the Jale lo tbe StaUon (PI. F, 3), vij (he K-nee Ang.- 
Normand, Gnslave-Caiavao, and de Bordeauj, tbe Place Gamtielta, and Ouai 

-"— ' "— ■"- '- "ive (see P1.A,1; p. 64), vis ihe 

e. - 1. From Ibe EtUt de Tilk 
■Bibonrg and BouL Maritime. — 
draee (beyoad PI. A i), -U the 
LTd de SIraabonrfl, Hotel deVille, 
a. the SteSofl (PI. F, 3) to Bonne 
il. Haritlme. Bue Guillemard, etc. 
lie Orandi Saufai (PI. G, 5), vi^ 
le Slraaboarg, tbe Slation, Bag 

F,.a) t 


a. - 3 

. From Ibe Jettt lo . 

irmaiHI and Boul. Ma 



1. c, 2; 

1 to la m^ie, via He Boul, d 


r,dPo,nJ(Pl,a,i) to . 



.bliquctbeSUtion, Bo 

id Hue d'Elrctiil. — 6 


A£UMU.4li Straabour, 

ffr™j Quai (PI. C, i) 

t Eue' 

6, H.llel de Tille, B< 

ifHlte , 

, k From tbe flwt™ 





;. imin 






tiota. LE HAVBE. S. Bout*. 61 

(comp. PI. A, 1), vU lh« Rue Uellat, tbe quaye, Hdtel de Ville, Bdb Thlen, 
Rue del PSolienW, etc. — 10. From the Plaii Thiers CPt. D, i) '" frin 
Damt (PI. C,i), vji ihe Rue du Champ'de-Foire , the Busin dt la Baire, 
and the Eoo ^aidherte. — 11. rrom tbe Fkui OomMlo (PI. C, 3) to the 
<%»«<» Sfa. Marii (N.E.) vli Ibe Rne Ed. Lame, Bne Thieis, Rue dee P^ni- 
teoti, etc. — Farea: 1)1 cl. la c, Snd cl. lOc, nitbin tbe town, 5 e, extra 
witb 'correspQudance'i oulai^le tbe town 10 c. or 5 c. eltn. 

Cable Ballw*;!. Fu-xftulain dt ta Cth, [raa Ibe Rne OuiUie-Flau- 
bert6SbiB(Pl.D,l), lo tbe Bue F«iii-FmrellWi; f»ra lOe. — Ftmtailafn 
SU. Marii, fima the Rue de NDnnandie. neu tbe end of Ibe Coins de U 
B^pnbllqtte (PI. G, 11, to Ibe Cimetitre Ste. Marie |p. 81). 

StsHDbute, iliTliog from tbe Grand Qua! (i'l,C,D,4), to Emflair 
(p. 110) twiceor Uiricead»7, iQ'/,hr. (fares 2 ft., 1 fr. 10, eOc)i Ui Rtuta, 

J j„ i. ■-TO u„ ,_ CO... ,„ Trmmilit (p. ITl), 

afr., Ifr.flO, 

Imea dallj during tbe eeawn, in •/• br. (n>Tea 8 fi., i f 
(p. lei), daily, tn 3-1 bra. (Carei A fr. Kl, 3 fr. 50 c, i. 
B fr. 30 c). — Steamers also to CVierhiiiiv, Bovtham 

Ucket 7 fr. 30, 

fiondon, Jl'ew rori (ererj S4t.), etc., see pp. ilii, jiv. 

Fert»r> (CommUilomaira} meat tbe boats from Honfleur, TrouTille, etc.; 
landing or embarking a trunk IDc; trunk from tbe quay to the Btatlon, 
i fr,, other packages aOe. 

Omnihna to ElreUU (p. 69) in S-S'/ihrs., sterting from tbe Flaee du 
Vleui-Marcb£>TB3rr.eo,2fr.lOe.). Seeal»p.70. 

Post * TeleEiaph OfUce (PI. C, D, 3), Boul. de Strubourg 106. — 
Brsneb Ofllce, Hue de Paris 1. 

Baths. SeaBatbs: JVoseoH, Incl. costume and towel CO c; ladies, SO e. , 

Water Baths: BtH«i Sotn-Damt, Rue de Paris 32, near tbe qnaje- 

OasinoB. At tbe BiUi FnucaHi adm. 1 fr.; subscription for the tea- 
ion 30 fr. Caitno Marii (arJiHnc, at Ste. Adresse (p. Stl) adm. 1 b. 

Theatre*. I7raflil TTifdIrr, Piece OBmbetla; JKAtlre-Cuw, Strai- 
boure IfiO. — CiFB-Co.iaEBT: fcHei-Birgir; Roe Lemaitre M (PI. B. 3). 

Baukera. Bar^mt Je FranM (PI. O, D, 1, 2), Roe Thiers 22; CrMU 
Liiomait, Bnul. de Strasbourg 73 and Place de rHfltol-dB-VlLle 24; SnollU 

Britd'sh Oensul, Walln- B. Searn; vice-consul, >. a. Xm«II(Llnjd-s agent). 
- American Ooneul, AUx. H. TAactn-a,- viee-consnl, J.P.Bmhir. 

Sa(U>h Ohuroh, Kne Mexico 5t (Ft. D, E, 2)-, servicsi at 1(XS0 and S 
(I.SO p.m. in winter). Chaplain, B». F. MiUard, B. A., Bne del Car- 
rl^res 3. - Walnaa Me'hailiil Chapel, Place Oambetta 21 (PI. C,3)-, ser'- 
leei at 11 and 6^0; miniaters, Bn. A. S. Botktas and P. ElltHbirser. — 
Ifitriim U aeamtn, Qnai d'Orlrians 99. 

Lt Havre, lormwly cahtid Havrt-de-OrSct, from « chapel of 
NotiB'Diime-de-Qrice founded by Louia XII. in 1509, is a iiand- 
soms town with broad streets, but it contains few special points 
of interest. Ita situation at the mouth of the Seine fa eitremely 
advantageous, and, next to Maieeilles, it Is the most important sea' 
port in France (130,19li inhab.). The buildings and tbe commerelal 
prosperity of the town, wbicb Is mainly derived from its ship-bailding 
yaida and sugaT-teflneries, are of very recent origin. 

The Importance of Le Havre dates from the relfn of Francis 1., wbo 
fbrtlfled it In ISIS and endeavoured to make it a harbour of the first rank, 
thencB to carry ant his naval schemes against Engiand. Inlfilfi he assembled 
here 176 a^l, the atUek of nbicb on <he Isle of Wight was, however. 
repulsed. Is 1663 La Havre was occupied by English troops for a sburt 
Uma. Under Btehelien and Colheri the prosperity of tbe town rapidly 
IncreatBd, and In 1691 the English UbbI mada a determined bnt nnsuccesf 
tul attack on the new rival of Sngliah commerce. In 1796 Admiral BIr 

ot the citadel, wu taken prisoner by the French. 

62 Koult G. LE HA.VRE. MAoit. 

The KuB 1IB Paiub, Iteginning at the W. end of th« Orimd Quai 
(PI. C, 4), wberB pasEengers fiom England disembBrk, uid inter- 
secting the town fiom S. to S., is the centre o( tratflc. At its S. end 
stands the Mosi^E-BifiLioTH^QTiB (PI. C, 4), built in 1845 (open on 
Sun. and Thara., 10 to 4 or 6; also on Tues. in summer, and on 
other dsye on application to the concierge, 3rd door on the ieft). 

On thg Qbodsb Fiooa kb »culptnre>, (ncluiine, however, onl)' a few 
original worki: to Uie left, 37. Smiim, Pieti; 18. aavrara, Hagdaleo; 
4. Bormafff, Terpaichore; to the rigbl, 26. Oudiji^, 81eeping Piyoha. — The 
BuEHEHT coDtainB > Small arcbEologiul collection. — Tha col1»Uog of 
pBintinEi beginB In the gallery to tbe right In the Estubui:, Fiom rigbt 
to left: U3. Dopant, Salute at tbe laTalldu) 160. Oierga-Smaati, Fran[ols 
Villan pat to tbe questl O) J45. A. Amwnl, August in the DoHb; dtawloca, 

paintlnei, pKticularlv stndles hj fu;. BoudU, (d. iS98|. ~ Stuscass. VS. 
Rell, Inundation at TouloDsc In IHJH; 313. A. ren, Cbrlst eipelllnf the 
moDey-cbnDgers; 27. RtAimt, bruukljn B^idgft. 

FiasT Fuioa, Orand Salon, from right to Jell: no number, ftruglne, 
St. Hargaret-, 31). Bat$tfaralo, Madonna; 5. Bnmrim, Cosima de' Medici^ 
8. Cairacel, MartFrdoiu of St. A^lba: 22. A. ill Harlol?), Hoi; Familr; 
3S. Jtal. BckBet, Virgin and CUiIdt no number, PHmaW^ao, Adam ind StS; 
It. OuanU, Piacia of St. Hark at Venice: lH. OioTilano, Cato of UUcai — 
18. .^.SolarfoC), Virgin and Cbitdi 2d. Salfnwa, Simon Ha;u<i H. AUsT*m, 
Tonlhlul goldmillbi J8. Oaiiiii Scai, St. CatDariaei 7. Oaraeagfta, Portrait; 
Aihmo, I. Jaeob and Rachel, 2. Uoiesln the ark ot hatnabe^; V}. JUbira. 
St. SebaMian; no numbeta, iiiAara, St. Peter, C. UaralU, Preaentatioa in Itae 
temple) iS&. jriir<llg|T), Portrait; lA. VanDfrtm, Si. SebBSIiao; no Dumber, 
Van ArloU t-Bi Taicri, Laadgcspe; 55. Jfnyimanj, id,; do number, rim 
£al«, Hetun from tbe chaie; 67. ratiiri,Ce,rd-pla;ere; nu number, P.BrU, 

piece*. — 73. A. Cvyp, Oirl leadiog a goal; g2. U. d'Howhaietsr, Dog and 

K>me; 2tB. »on, Vi.iiiD ut Jiid:>ai 80. Sir Fair LtSy, Gberlei 1. of Eug- 
ndi no number, Clair.n, Tbe wnve; LarfiUUre. Portrait; SOS. Lmwim, 
Toilette of Vtnut; 226. Jt. R«b-rl, Oonaagration at Borne) 185. LargaUtn, 
Purtriit of a senlptor) 202. itovtul, Claude Perrault. — No number, 
r. Cota^re. Foalj 1(6. DttporUi, Game and rruit; l&a. Fraeanard, Head of 
a Toutb; no number, Pouuin, Biblical scene) 217 l/imtmU, Temptation; 
1^. T. OmltB-t, Prodigal Son; l&l. BiZafMii, Consecration ofUie Vir^n; 
I2S. OouX, Porlralloraglri; 211. Kin, Lot and bis daughter'; 233. TrQW, 
Sheep. — Ho number, J. P. Laareni, Tbe interdict. — Small Room el tbe 
other end. genre pictures, etc. 

Tha Librart, with about hO,000 toIi. and an iinportaol cabinelorcoina, 
ha> a acparate CDlnnce In tbe Kue doi ViTier-, and is open dail;, 9-12 
and -m, except on Sun. and bolldayi <clo<cd Au£. 15th. Sept. 30th). 

From the 3. end of the Rue de Paris Che Orand Qual If continued 
to the W. by the Chauss^e des Etats-Unis, terminating in the 
'JeUe du Notd (PI. B, 5). or N. pier, which commands a fine tiew, 
iind Is a favourite promenade. To the right are the large H6tel 
Frascati (p. 60), »ilb a casino and bathing- establishment, the bat- 
teries defending the entrance to the harbour, and the cIllTs of Ste. 
Adresse (p. 64), nitli the two lighthouses of La Heve (p. 64). To 
theS.E., beyond the busy mouth of the Seine, appears Villeivi lie 
(p. 173), with Honneur (p. 170) to the left and TtouvUie and Deau- 
Yille(pp. 171, 172) to the right- C.OOi>li.' 

Harbour. LE BAVBE. e. Routt. 63 

Futhei up the Rue de FariB, on the right , is the ehnrch of 
Nolrt-Dame (PI. G, 4), built in the 16th cent in a styl« stiowing 
the transition from Gothic toReniiEsince. The tover, formarly higher, 
was originally a fortified heaciiii, Organ-caee of 1630. Fine modern 
stained glass windows. 

In the Vieni M>rch£ (PI. C, 1), to (be rJgtit, a liUle Uttbet on, is tbe 
former Puliiis de Jusiice, now contunlng in impurlant Uuimm tf Sulural 
aiHoTS (open Sun. and Tliurs., 10 lo 1 or 0). 

We now cross the Place GambtUa (PI. C, 3), which ii bounded 
on the W. hy the Grand ThtSlrt and on the E. hy the Battkt da 
Commrrcc, and ii embellished with statues, by David d'Angers, of 
Bemardin de St. Pierre (1737-1814), autlior of 'Paul and VirgioJa', 
to which the reliefs refer, and Catimir Delavigne, the dramatist 
(1794-1843), both natives of Havre. Thence we continue to follow 
the Rue de Paris to the tine Public Gardeni (military band on Thnrs. 
from 8.30 to 9.90p.m.) in front of the HBfel d« Piiie (PI. 0,2), a 
noteworthy modem building in the Renaissance style. The band- 
some Bouleoard de Straibovrg, which passes the Ufitel de Ville, is 
nearly I'/tM. long and traverses the town from the sea on the W. to 
the railway-Btation (see below) on the E. (tramway, see p. 60). 

In mn street, 10 tl.e W. of lie Hfilel de Ville, is the Sjuari SI. Sach 
(PI. B, 2), with italuei of Armida, hj Mulot, and Rebecca, by Fabistb. 
A military band plajs faere on Sun. in mmmer from t.SO to B.30 or iroin 
3.3U to 1.30 p.m. - At the W, end of the boulstard works in couneellDD 
»ilb ao eitensive new drep water basin have been golnE on glnie IBSS. 

We turn to the E. (right) at the H&tel de Ville, in order to reach 
the station. In the Boulevard de Straabouig we pass the Sovi-Prt- 
/■«iu« (PI. D, 2), on the" left, fronting the Place Caraot, on the 
S. side of which is the Exehmgt (PI. D,2, 3), a Urge erection 
(187S-80) in the Renaissance style, with six domes (open 9-12 and 
3-5.30> The S. facade of the Exchange faces thePlace Jules Ferry 
(PI. D, 3). Farther on, to the left, is the Falaii de Juitke (Pi. E, 2), 
in a pseudo-classical style, and to tlie right are several Barracbt. 
The RaUicay Station (PI. F, 2) is at the E. end of the boalevard. 

The eitenslve HARBiHrK and Docis (PI. G-G, 2-5) deserve a 
visit. Between 1S31 and 188T over 5,O0O,OOOi. was spent opon 
them, and very extensive additions are projected. 

The part Includes a weU-nrotecled AcaBt-Fa-t or outer harbour, on 
tbe N. side of wblch ig ibc Grand Qnal, and 9 ba ins with 16 locks or 
slniees (comp. llie Plan). Tbe oldest, and al!0 one of the tmalleit, basins 
Is the BaMn da n>H. excevaled Id 1669. Tbe lar^^eel Is the •Bimia de 
rgwt (PI, E, F, B, I, b), upwards of TO acres in area, constructed In 1316 
-IBfiG, where tbe huge transatlantic steamers lie. Tbe Diet WarAouiri to 
the N.E. of Ibis baiJD cover, with their various dependencies, an area 0( 
5T acres. The Batsin ik la OUadiUe ocenpies tbe site of a dtidel constrveled 
by Cbarte* IS. The Canal dt Taacaralli, which enters (be Bassln de I'Eure 
to the IT. of (be BatiiB BUM, is Intended to conned (be Seine direellr 
with tbe barboar, and (o enable ships to avoid (be dangers of the 'barre', 
Or (idal wave in tbe estuary. Tbe canal, which is named from th? laslle 
menticned a( p, 61, Is IS M. long, l<>Ofl. wide, and 11 R. deep. 

A good view of the (own may be, enjoyed from the Ctte d" InffourtlU, 

Juil befors Iho Place he paw ibe CImroh of Si. Michel (PI. C, 1) 
Eenalaaance style, with sisined glim by Dubsniel-M»re"- ""- 
la C51e, in whicb 'he csble-riOlHftf «ndg, sxiende lo 
9te. Adcesse (see betowl, by nbieh we mky descmd. 

The 'View ii ipedillr fins it taaset ud ntnlgbt when tbe town ud 
birboui are lit up. UDfartn»lel>, bowevsi, II li much blndered b; tba 
numeroug yillu and g^rdeQ-wsjfs. — On tba E. tba Roe de la CSte is 
CDTitinued br the Suede lAbbaia I IVi H ), past Om Fart Oe Taunaillnai 
the Ormd ClmtUirt Stt. ifarit, wbence we may descend towards (be Coan 
de la Republique, by Ibe Faolculalre Ste. Marie (p. 61) ot by tbe Rue du 

Bte. AdieaiB (BlU. itarit VMtHtU! Orand Btltl des PAartt: ibilow, 
^lat, DD (he beacb), on tbedllT, S'/i U. to tbe H.W. of LeHaTte, Ig much 
frequented for iBa-bithine (baili with costume SO-W c). It may be reacbed 
by tramway (So. B; p. 60), or on fool viS the Boul. Maritime, beglnniiiB 
at Iba W, end ot tbe Boul. de Slraebonrg (PI, A, 2), The Ca»fw (adm. 1 ft.) 
wsi formerly the vUla of ths late Queen Maria ClirlstinB of Spain. The 

Ifi-aO mln. from sle. Adressa. About halfway np Is a' ingarluaf mDnnmenl 
to eawal Ltfevra-DunDUeitii (1773-1822), who perished by shipwreck. It 
la dangerous to ipproacb the cmmbllng edge uf the cItQs at tbe top. 

Fbom Ln 10 Etbbtit (33 M. in li/,-2i/, br,.; fares & fr, 95c., 1 fr., 
a fr, 60 c) iso FSciHi- (28 M. in i'A-aVi bra, ; fares 6 fr. 6, a fr. 40, 2 fr. 
20 c), nil way forming part of the throogb-llne to Diappa (eomp, p. ii). ~ 
3<h1. SarAnr (aae below), — 6 M. UoiUMlitrt (Hot, FoDtaine), an industrial 
town (B)91 inbab.), with an old abhey-church of Iha lltb and Iflth eent- 
urlei, — \b H. Criquttct-rEintval, 6 H. Sram ElrEtat by road tbonj-h 18 M. 
by Tidl. - 2dV< M, £» Ift (p. 67), S'/i M- !toa Elritai, see p, W; S'lt M. 

Tram Le H&Tre to Xonon. 

OB M. RaiLwti In li/i-Si/i br(, (fates 9fr. 96, efi. 70, iti. 40c.). 

On quitting Le Havre we paaa (l'/4 M,) OravilU'Slt-nonorlne 
(12,000 inbali.), a kind of Babarl> ot Le Haie, with Iti iutereBtiag 
Norman church of the 11th and 13th cent,, on the high groind to 
the left. — 31/g M. Bar/lfUT (H6t dee Armes), *itb 2686 inhab., 
once an important seaport. Its old harbour hae been filled up by 
depoEits of the L/tarde; the new harbDnr, about </{ H. airay, is the 
connected with the Canal de Tancsnllle (p. 63). In 1416 the town 
was taken by Henry V. ot England, to whom the foundation of the 
Bne Gothic Church is attributed. Railway to Lei Ifs (see above). 

IS'/a M. BriaaU-BeutcvHU (Buffetj Railway Hotel) is the Junc- 
tion for Ftftamp (Ettelat), see p. 67. 

Froh BBUoit-BnuEBviLLi TO LiLLBioKHi, S^k K., railway iBaO-lOmiii, 
(fares 1 fr. 70, I fi. 15, 75 c,). — &'k 11. BolUs (Hotel ie Fecamp), a nelUly 
situated Industrial (own. with 12,210 inhablUnU. — Tbe church ot (S'A H.) 

■■ ' -a 13-nihcenLnrie<,~87iM,I,illehoB '' 

imallJown_(6425 inbab.) on the alts of /uHuinna, the capllal 

a de Caui), a 

to Will Ian 
of Knglan. 

deny from the ISlh CI 

CAUDEBEO. 7. Roult. 65 

- 1972 H. BMee-Notnlot is the station for Bolbte (see p. 64) ; 
■2 M. to the S. (omn. '/j ft.). — 31 M. Tvetot (_B6l. det Victoka; 
du Chemia-dt-Ftr, good) is motkei muiuftwtaring place, with 
7352 Inbib., the ancient counts or Bol-dlMats kings of which sie 
pUyfuUy described by Bjranger. 

An omnibus leaves Tvetol for H M.) Gaadcbee (see helow) tbrice dillr 

36 M. MoUtvitU. Railway to 9t. Taleiy, see below. 

A br&neh.ciLilw&r ruo< trom Uoltcvflle to (Ifi H.) Clin; x jnaotion 
DD Ua line from Uonen to Dieppe, end (2T U.) Maniac Hir-fiiK%, mnelion 
(Dt the nJlwayg from Itouen to Amlena and to Dieppe (pp. 82 end 12). 

The plessajit sillage of (i^'/a *'-) ^i^niilj/ is commanded by the 
restored chiteaa of Eanevai, The triin quits the undulating and 
fectile table-Und of the Payi de Caux, and descends to the viaduct 
of Borenlin, 670 yds. in length, and lOO ft. above the level of the 
vaUey. — 44 M. B*!ivatixt(I16t.duOTind-at-Piare), ^aaaMdctni- 
ing town with 5570 inhab., posseasea a fine new Romanesqae chnccb. 

FsoH BUBHTiH TO Ca^iceku:, 18 K., railway Id i hr. (faiea 3 fr, 36, 
2 fr. M, Ifr. SFir—'Tvl'Vadair, on (lie rigbt bank of tbefleioe (p.69). 

— ll'/i M- raiHrilk-Jainiitti. Aboot I'/t H. lo the S., on o peninsula of 
the winding Seine, ji llie village of JnmiiBen (HStn dt I'Ahhavi), also a 
Bteunboet ilaUen. Tbe 'Ailtt^, Ibs^m^'estlc and picturesque tulns of 
which rise near the villeaETWas founded In the Ttk cent, end was not 
destroyed till ITSO (edm. dally 11 to f,; V: fr.). — ITU. SI, WandHSti also 
celaius the eilenslve rnlns of a magnincent '.IMsy, founded in the Ttb cent., 
bgt rebuilt at the close of the lltli. — 13 ». fi»aMwc-en-Oaui (»»" <>' 
Is MaHw, B. a-5, d^j. or D. 3 ft., good; Bil. doSavn), a small town wllh 
nanjanaint old honaes, wm formotly the eepilel of the Fani dt Caux, 
■ofplayed 't eonSid'erible part in the wars lietween the English and 
Freneli. It wu captured lu 1119 by the former under Telbot and 
Warwick. The JasoujUui Clturcn combines the Oolhie end Renetssenco 
itjlesi the "ToBM IsTTSn.'lilgb. The W. porUl, the baluilrndes on tho 
lop, formed oTaoth is letters, the triple floral crown oflheBpire, and the 
stained glass are noteworthy. Caudebcc retains much of its medieval 
q naintnees . It it also a stenmbolt-sletlOir (p. fi9)< onnibbr t)1 Yvetol, 
see above. — Fleaaul expeditions m»y be made lo (1»/. M.J Sit. atrtndi, 

futa- (p. M), a fiBbine-TlliB«e abont S H, below Candebec. 

The train soon entets a tunnel, nearly I'/j M. in length, beyond 
which it reaches {49 m.) Malammy, where the Dieppe line diverges. 
From thia point to (55 M.) Rouen, and Paris, see p. 42. 

7. Waterin^-Flacea between Dieppe and Le Havre. 
I. From Bonen (Pari*) to Bt. Taleiy-en-Canz and Tenlea. 

13V»1I. BiiiWAito (36VtM.)SI. Valtrg inVh-Sbn. (tares 7 fr. 6, Jfr, 

tineq a day from . _. . 

1 fr. — From Parie to 8(. Vmlery, 156 M 
r. TO, 15 fr. S6, flfr. 95 o.) 

(5 M.) Fi 
1V.-7 brs. 

From Bouen to (19 M.) MotteviiU, see above. — 31 M. St. Vuaal- 
Boivillt. To Dieppe, .see p. 41. Farther on weobtainabriefglinipsa. 
of the aea, on the left. — 35 M. Nevilu, a large village with an in- 
taresting chnrch. ''^I*-' 

BaiDEiKi'i Northern France. ItbEdit. 5 

66 RouU 7. TEULES. 

oem. f. 

38Vi At. Bt-Talery-tu-Oau. — Hotals. Dii u Pux, it thii bridge. 
'- - "^ -Bi,iPiiOE(rrom7Vifr), OM (eommereisl), PIks 
; Di Feahci, di P«bib, at tbe harfaoui, pens, rcom T fr. i 
»■ L-AICLB. DUE, Rue 1« Dieppe 6, pene. S'/itr. 

Sn-Skth*. Bath and battatng-bDi Wc, with Mxtume, etc. 1 /t., 'nilde- 
bslenenr' lOe. — Onimo. Admlulan 1 tr.; lubaerlptioo, petweek7, fort- 
niebllS, moDtb22, seuonStifi.i for two peca., IS, 3D, 28, ssd BBfr.; etc 

SI. YaUry-en-Caux, a town and Uthing-resort with 3560 inhab., 
poEsesses a small ha.iboui, in a bollow between the cliffs. The old 
town lies to the right ot the Btation; the now town, about '/s M. 
distant, is situated naai ttia harboar. The former contsine s CAurch 
of the lCi-16th century. Beyond the bridge between the floating' 
dock and tbe harbour is an antique House (16th cent). TheBalAiny 
Eili^liihmtnt is reached ftom the town by narrow and rough streets, 
and offers few attractionB. The beach, is usual on this coast, has a 
border of shingle before the strip of Arm sand used by tbe bathers. 

From St. Valerr to IHippi, He p. 11. — Tbere Is no public cooTtr^nte 
bom St. Valery to fiuMla, wbicb II onl; about 6M. bf road; Iravellera 
tbltber must aitber hire, walk, or make a detour of IS H. br railwa; und 
dilifonce (see below). — A diligence leaves St. Valeij for (SO U.) Ficamp 
(p. Sti tU (T>/tH.) <!a«v (p. li)J on Mon., Wed., and Sat, Btartiug from 
tbe Hotel des Bains (S'/ihrs., ^ Sfr.j. 

The omDibas-ioata from St Valary to Vaules passes the old 
[Own and erossea several pretty Ettle valleys. The chiteau of 
fl'ji M.) MaimevUU dates boia the 16th century. 

b M. Tsulel. — Htitels. Das Bams et db li Fi.aaB (with the dUi- 
^ence-oCnee), R. 2i/i-aVt, peni. T.Sfr.i ei La Puce, adjoining tbe churcb, 
Dcni. 6-7 fc. : DEB FmiLLU. _ aia-Bathi 30 c, with costume and toviels 
Tj c. 'guide- balgnent' iO c. — CoKno. Per day ijt, fortnighl 7, moelb 13 U. 
— Carriage to (lb M.) Dieppe, JMO fr. 

VtttU>-U» Sosa, a large village in a pretty valley, is a pleasant 
sea-hatblng resort, and numeroos handsome viUas have been built 
overlooking the tiny beach, between two cliffs. A limpid stream, 
skirted by a shady walk, mns through the village, and large quan- 
tities of water-cresses are grown near its curious source close to tbe 
load to St. Valery. Veules somewhat resembles Etretat (p. 69) in 
its general characteristirs, but is considerably less preteotUng. 

n. From Soneu (Ftuii) to Tenlattet. 
Las Fatltss-Dallei. 

ta v. KiiLwiT to (Se H.J 'Cast In l>/<-S'/i bri. (tares 8 fr. Kl, i li. 40, 
aiV.SSc.). DiucaiiOEfromCanylo(6H.) VAltfKi four times daUrln the 
■eason (fare I'/t fr.h and also to £u /^Klu-Zlaltes (p. 67). — BalLWiT from 
Paris (0 Cany, 123 H., la tiM bn. ((ares 23rr. 16 c., 15 fr., Sfr. TDc.J. 

From Rouen to (31 M.) SI. Vaast-Bosviltt, see p. 66; thence to 
(86 M.) Con,,, see p. 41. 

The toad to Veulettes follows the pictureique valley of the 
Purdent, towards the N, S'/s M. YUUflniri 3 M. PalutL The valley 
now expands, forming a wide grassy level, which used to be inau' 
dated at high-water. The river enters tbe sea by means of a canal be- 
neath the shingle to tbe right of the bridge over which the roid runs. 

LES PETITES DALLES. 7. Eottte. 67 

6 M. TsnlattH. — Hotsls. Quhd h6til de l> Pliqe, well ipokm of, 
pens, from 7 fr-i dis Baibs, sdjoiniog. — Sia-Bailn Kc, for aubscrtbtra 
lo the tMioo 30 c., completBcostumB witb 'pSTgnoIr' 80c., 'guide-baigneur' 
We. — Cailns. Admisjion bj day SO, in the erening ot wlioH day 80c 
anbicription for a week 4, fortnigM Ti/,, montli IB Jr.; for two pew. 8, 
li, ind aOfr.; foe ihreo petaona IS, 18, luid 34fr. 

VeutetUi itielf is a small village, situatad about '/^ H. from (he 
sea, in a vaDey » the W, of the valley of the Durdent; but the 
batbing-estabUahmeDt , the large hotels, and the vIlUs perched oo 
the cliffs form an agreeable aummer-resort. It suffers, however, from 
the somewhat eiposed position of the shingle-stiewa beach and the 
■s of the environs. 

(p. e^J in tbont 5 M. to the N.E. Ka public ci 

Faou Cuii TO Lei PETiTaa-DALLBB, Th X 
Id tbe aeaaoii (ate tbs 'ladicateur'J; fare I'/i fi 
reacbad from Fecamp (see below). — Tbe dlligi 
Ffcamp nwd, to lbs W., to (V/t H.) Aanuilh 
puiiiu (G'/i M.) Sa4uliil-lt-Jlaitti}aduU. 

Lea Petitea-DeU- - — ' ■ ■ " ' 

Ltdm) <a a fiabini 
moutb of a amsll • 
iliellared walki. 

Tbe paiallel valley, IM. to Ibe W,, ii called tbe lalley at Lii Orandei 
Datlu (Hoi. de la Plage), and about H/i M. tsrlber on ia Ibc >ea-balbi"g 
place of SI. Pitrre-m-Porl (Hitel iis Terraa»e3), whence a diUgence (I'/i fr.) 
pllei twice a day in tbe aeaion to and ftom r^crap, T/i B. to Ibe S.W. 

III. From Sonen (Forii) to Fecamp. 

51 M. Rtti.w.i Id 3-3i/i hrs. (tares S fr. BO, 6 fr. 25, t fr. 40 c). — 
From Paris, 136 M., railway in t'h-Tk iia. (fares 24 fr. 9G, Ifl fr. 90, 11 fr. 
6 e.). — Fiom Le Havre, see p. Oi. 

From Rouen to (39 M.) BrlauU - BeuMoiUe , see pp. 66, 64. 
43 M. GramoiUe-QodeTBtUe. — At (46l/a M.) Lei Ifi (Hold and 
Buffet outside the station] is a fine chitean of the 16th century. 
Branch to Etretat and to Havre, see pp.64, 69 ^ to Dieppe, p. 64. ' 
— The railway neit descends a wooded valley; two tannela. 

61 M. FAoamp. - Hotela. Ga.-HdT. Dia Bxiaa, K. tia, B. 11/., d^j. 
3, D. i, pena. 8-13 fr,; on I.*, u-ABOLBTtEKll, all nn Ibe beardli do 
Ch*biot.d'Os, in the town, Plsoe Thiers, K. 3-5, B. 1, d<j. THi, D b/j, 
pens. 9 fr., Caschi, Place Tbiara, pons, t ft.; H6l. del* QaEa, E. from 
i'/i, D- 2'/r3 fr. — Cafd la Ibe Place Thiers. 

Sei-Bathi. Balh witb bathlDg-boi 7S, with costume and lloen 1 fr. 
30c. I no extra chares for services of 'guldB-baliusur'. — Oaalue. Admission 
before noou 36 c„ »flerDoon DOc.i aubscriptlon, per week 11, forlnlghl 18, 
month 3a fr., two pera., 18, S2, 51 (r.; etc. .Admission to theatre (for 
non-8uliBcribeti) V/rVh, lo ^balls' 1-3 (r. 

Tramway. Prom Ibe Casino vU the PUce Thiera and the Abbey Church 

direction ot Toussainl, a village 3i/t H- dialanti fares 1&, 21,', SO c, 

OmBibnae*. To lei Peliiei-DaUa (litl.,iV<ST.; see above), thrice dally 
daring thaaeaaon., ta SI. l^rrt-eit-Forl (l>li H., I'/i fr.; lee aboie), twice 
dally; to at. Vatay-ea-CaiLC^ {20 H., 3 fr.; p. 66), on Hon., Wed., and 

'Vaat and TelsKraph'ofSee, Avenne Gambetla 7, naic'the alation. 

68 Route 7. FECAMP. 

Fecamp U a town with ID, 381 inbab., situated, like nostoftbe 
other towTiB and villagea on this coast, in a small valley ranning 
inland from the sea. Tbe S. end of the town is about I1/4 M. from 
tbe little harbour at the N. eitrBmity of tbe Talley. 

According to Ihe legend tbe name It derioed from Flnas Caudal, 'field 
of the Fig-tree', from the fact tbat the >ea vaibed u|t on the coaat here the 

Blood (dee below], lis poa^tloo on the BogLiah channel and its posscAfiion 

of Hormandf and in the waia between J£nfiland and Franca. Us ancient 

onlT one of the famous monaaterlea arNormaod; thai stood to tbe^.E. of 
the Ecins. 

The Chnreh of St. Etiermt, to the left of the station, dates from 
tbelStboentury. The S. portal is fine; the W. tower is modern. The 
tnterior is embeUtshed with modern stained glass and painting. 

From the Place Tblere, the centre of the town, we follow the Rue 
Alexandre Legros to the abbey. Tbe Abbey Church, a most interest' 
Ing relic of the ll-16tli oeni, conceals an interior of great beauty 
■nd grace under a somewhat unattractive exterior. The central tower 
is, however, stately ttaongh simple, and 00 the S. side is a fine 
portal of the I4th century. 

IBIIBIOE. In lie JVoM, whicl is remarkable for itg great length, we 
notice lie modern carved oak pulpit, with iH numerona carved auiuettei! 

by n tastcleaa canopy, the other embellished with bns-reliefa which 
may be inspected from the ambuUtory. II is surrounded with a handaome 
railing. The two pillars in front of llio choir are adorned with slalues 
and hlgh-rEliefs In elaborate riames. The S. transept contains a curious 

Eroup of panted statues, representing the Desib of the Vliglo, eiecated 
J a monk in Olid- Adjacent are some smaller groups of Hgurea engaged 
In prayer and a ciborium of the 15lh century. — The Apiidal Chapaii are 

the 8rd chapel to the right is a flne frieic, formed of 18 high-reliefs of 
tbe lltb cent., representing scenes from tbe lives of Christ and the Vi^n. 
, The llh and 6lh chapels contain theaotblctombsof abbots ofF^camp, In 
tbe Bth or Zady CJlapcI are line stained glass of the ll-ldlh cent., bas-reliefs 
on tbe altar, and some beautiful wood-carving. The 7(h chapel has a 
t6th cent. door. ~ Behind the high-altar is a machle ciborium of (he 
16th cent., reputed to conti^n some of the 'Precious Blood' (see above), 
and still attrscta numerous pllgHma. In the ambulatory Is a line burial- 
Dbaoher In the Benaiasance Kyle. The H. transept contains a Calvary, a 
some carvings of scenes from the life of Christ, and an 
Ji of 1667. 

The remains of the abbey, adjoining the N. side of the church, 
are now occupied by the mttl de VilU, buUt in tbe 17th century. 
The Muiee Municipal in the interior, containing a gallery of modem 
pictures, is open on Sun., Mon., Thurs., A Sat,, 12-6 (%i in wtn- 
tflc}, other days on application. There is also a small Paltlic Library, 

No. 108 in ae long street leading from the Place Thiers to the 
beach is the distillery of Bln/dictint, a well-fcoown Uqueui-, first 
made by the Benedictine monks. The handeome building, with > 
Eenaissance tower, was reboilt after a fire in 1892. Visitors are 
admitted daily, except Sun. & holidays, 9-11 and 2-4 or 5 (26c) 

ETRETAT. 7. RouU. 69 

and are oonduated by an employee (vho expeota i gtHtuity) to view 
the dladllerf (Qnintereetiag) , the handsome BalU dti Abbii, ap- 
prosobad by a fine staticase, and the MutU, a small collection of 
Bculptarea, furnilare, oariositieB, and vorks of Bit. 

The Bathiag Eilahliakment is situated on the broad ehiiigly 
beach, at some distance from the harboni. The Casino stands near 
the oliS, to the left. In fiont of the beach are a (enaee and a car- 
rUge-ioad, and above aie situated se-reral pretty chalets. The ad- 
joining roads ate, bovever, unattractive and the surroundings are 
featureless. — The Hatbaur, much improved elnce 1880, admits 
ships drawing 20 ft. at all statee of the tide. Fecamp is one of the 
chief stations in France for deep-sea flshing-boats, uid it also carries 
on trade in coal with England and in timlier with the Baltic parts. 

Fboh FtOiiir TO Ethbiat, UJi/, K., diligeace daUj (li/, fr.l, Tli 
(l>/( H.) St. Uonard and (I'/i »0 Friitmilli (see bslon). 

IT. From Bonen (Paiig] to Etretat. 

S6 H. Eailwai la 3'/<-3Vi bri. CFares 10 fr. 30, S fr. 90, t fr. 60 c.). — 
BilLW*! from Pari., 143 M., in 4-8'/, hrs. ffHtu 35 &. SS, 17 tr. BO, 11 (r. 
16 e.). - From Le Havre to £treui, bes pp. 61, 11. 

From Rouen to (46'/} M.) Les Ifi (p. 67), see pp. 67, 04. The 
line diverges to the left from that to Fecamp and runs towards (he 
W. — 491/3 M. FTObeToilU-ypart. 

A diligence pUes daUy in the leasoa (0 (S'/i M. 10 the N.W.) Tpott 

■ideratile Tlllige wUh a tidal hirbonr ' aod a aea-bathiee eilabllshnieDI 
anoiliei aiaall batbiDg-plaui with VailJol-iur-Uir on tb« ellffa above."" ' 

62V» M. Ltt-Logci'VaucotUi, 23/( M. from Vaucottes (see 
above). — 54 M. Bordtaux-BenouvUlt. 

50 H. Btretat — Hotnli. -Des Kochbb Buhohbs (peni., eicepl in 
Ang., I^IB trO, Hauvill. (mm. f""" 11 ('■). ^ABt,DBT (pena. 18'/. fr-). 

Victor Hugo, R. SVrlO, B. 1, A4i. 3, D. ift. inclV cider; dbs 'Baihs" 
ane Alphonie Karr, B. from 3, d^. 3, D. 31/:, fr. ind. cider, pens. T'/i-lO fi. ; 
Di HouuDiE, Place dii MarcM, pern. S-t3 fr.; di Ldndbis, BoalB du 
Havre, D. S'/i fr. ; oca DBDi-ADaoiTiBB. — Villas to let and fuiBlshed 

BelrBathi. Al the Cattle, batb, foot-bath, and attendant 9Q c, anb- 
■eriptlon for twelve baths 7 it. SO, for twenty-Hve U (r. 40 c; coatuma 
aO, peignoir "' 

., till flp.m. Ifr., e>eDiae 1 fr., week 12, rort- 
" - - " "" lO, 66, and 66 fr. ; each 

Digit 23, mc , _ , 

peri. bcTond two, 7, 14, 20, and 26 fr. All aDbacrlptioDt 

Tut and Teleciaph Oflice, Boule di 

Diligencai. To tVeamp ff.ijj , to the . 
Hn 11^ fr.l to U Eavn, sea pp. «4, 71. 

Etrttat, one of the moat fashionable watering-places on the N. 
coBBt of France, is a small town, with 1944 inhab., situated, like 
most of its neighbours, at the foot of lofty cliffs, here 300 ft. high. 
It ie surrounded with pretty villas and attractive country-houses, 
but It possesBcs no harbour. Elretat is especially affected by artist' 

>nd lIlerKTy men, who are attracted by its pktare«qae aad cuiioas 
•itaation, bat tbe$« have bronght in their train enongb of the heh- 
lonable vorld to render tbe cost of living bere coneidersbl; bigher 
then at lesi pretentioue but equally comibrtable vaterlng-placM on 
tbe same coaet. 

The Bailway Station, beyond wbicb is tbe Grand-Val (see below), 
IB at soma distance from the beach. On the way to the latter we 
pass the Romanesque Church. The Btach is protected from the Eea 
by a sort of ambankment of shingle ; and a terrace, with the Cotbio, 
hae been conetructed. The batbtng-establishcnent is to tbe right; 
Qie left part of the beach Is used by the flsbermen for hanling np 
their boats, and for their 'Ciloges', i.e. old boa ta turned upside down 
4ad need as huts for storing nets, etc. 

The aiffi at Etretat are among the most interesting on this coast. 
Both the Falaiit d'Amont (lo the right) and (he Falaise d'Aval (to 
tbeleft)arepi«lc«dbyPorlet,woinby tba action of the sea, and the 
aame cause baa produced yarious curious pyramidal and needle- like 
formationa. The ascent is arduoos, especially in warm weather, bnt 
there are almost no other walks in tbe neighbourhood. At low wa- 
ter the cUDs may be reached by the beach , thongb the path to the 
Falaise d'Avsl by this route Is faiigDing. It ie batter to arrange to 
return by the beach, if tbe tide will permit. 

The Falaitc d'Amont is ascended by a long flight of steps , be- 
ginning on tbe beach. On the summit are a modem cbapel and a 
aignsl-posL Near the Utter a plctaresque bat rough path, to the 
left, leads down to a short tunnel, at tbe other end of which is an 
iron ladder (Impassable by ladies) descending to tbe beach. 

To reach the top of tbe Paliiiit SAval ws pass behind the H6tel 
Blanqnet and folloff fltst the Hue de la Valette and then the lele- 
giaph'Wires. The aspect of the cliffs, stretching as far W. as the 
Gap d'Aiitifer, Is highly plcturesi^ne. A small grotto at the (op of 
one of the needle-rocks nearest to Etretat is dignified with the name 
of the 'Ohambre des DemoiseUes'. Another ea-vern below, near the 
'porte', which we pass if we return by the foot of the cliffs, is called 
the "Trou t TUomme', In about 15-20 min, after leaving Etretat 
we Teach another rocky gateway, known as tbe Afortneporle, whence 
■ zigzag stairvray descends to the beach. Many people will prefer 
to come thus far in order lo bathe at liberty, instead of paying for 
one of the atifling bathing-boxes at the Oaslno. 

In tbe.Orand-Val, the valley to the right of the railway. Is the 
Pamlt , a promenade to which admission is gained by payment. 
Farther on are the Frottatant Chaptl (service in summer at 10 a.m.) 
and the new FuUia Qardens. 

Fbom Etkbut to Lb H*va«, by SaUaay, lee p. 8*. — By Rood, 
lIP/i H., dlllieDCB twice dally In Ihe leason, ilirting rrnm the H61el du 
Baim al T a.m. and 1.3D p.m. (fate 9 fr. (KI. S fr. 10 c), - The road at fiiat 
^accndi for lome dlaUnu. l>/i U. Lt IVIIcuI. & H. La Fslertt, about 
Vi H. from Brmewal-lH-Baitu (Hdt. MarUu). About 3 U. to tba H.S.K. 


1 daoeeroiH promontory with a llghUiinue, tlia 

village^ reftorted to ' 

charcb c! (Wh S .) OcliriUt U notewarlhT. lR<l,ie. Bmitir,, a largeyillixe. 
indiMUng the proiirailj of Le Hsyre. On tbo right is Purl Sle. AdtesBB. 

8. From Paris to Cambr&i. 
R. Tik Creil, St. Qaentin, and Bni^y.! 

129 K. EUtLHii in 3>/<-6 bri. (fares 33 fr. 20, 15 fr. 6S, 10 fr. 30 c.)- Tb« 
thief pDiuts on tils route are Conwiifm (p. 102) ani ai. Qusniin. — The 
IroinB Jtwl from the Gire du Mord^ (M. B, C, 23, 24; p. 1). 

To (112U.) BtuJpny, lee pp. 101-1 06. —Our line soon diveigea 
to the left ftom the main line (to Ifsmur; R. i&). The clilef Etation 
passed is (118</3 M.) Caudry (H6t. de Paiis), t, manufacturing town 
(9934 inh>1).), with a church containing a fine copper-gitt leliquary 
- • ■' ■ '""" " ■ ■«, seep.72. 

of the 16th century. — 126 M. Camlra 

Ts. Vlli Creil, St. Just, and Piionue. 

121 M. EtiLWiT In Bi/t-flVihra, (fares 32 fr. 6, li fr. 90. 9tr.7B .). 

FnmPiiiu to {i^'/jM.') St. Just, seep. 26. The line here turns 
to the N, E. and begins to tiaveiee a flat and monotonous district. 
— 66 M, Maignelay. with a flue church of the IGth century. 

eai/i M. Hontdiaier (Buffet-mtel; H6t. dt Condi; 8l. Eld j dv 
Cygruj, a town with 4437 Inljab., on t, slope ahove the Don, is said 
to hue been named by Charlemagne in memory of his captiTO the 
Lombard litng Didier, who wa^ at first imprisoned here. The chncch 
ofSr. Pierre (16th cent.) contains a tomb and fonts of Ihe iith cent, 
and a 'Holy Sepulchre'. The church of SI. SfpuUrt, of the 15tb and 
17th cent., with a modern portal, contains also a Holy Sepulchre 
of the 16tb century. In the Palais de Juttice are six flue Brussels 
tapestries of the 17tb century. Farmenlitr (1737-1813), the chief 
ad«oca(e of potato- culture in France, was bom at Montdidter, and 
is commemorated by a slatoe there. 

FiOB SoHTDTDiEB To Albirt (Arrot), 37 «., railway of local inteteal 
traversing an indnslriKl dlatriilt. — ITft M. Rontrtl (p. 91). — Beyond 

32 It. /Vrjourl. nn the line from Ham to Altrrl (p. 33). 

74 M. Boye (HSt. du Ccmmtret), a town with 4350 inbah., cairies 
on an extensive trade in tbe grain raised on the Sanltrn, the ferlils 
plateao which the railway traverses beyond the town. The church 
of Si. Fierrt was built partly in the lltb, partly in the 16th century. 
Branch to Compi^gne, see p. 104. 

82 M. Chaolnes (H6t. de la Gare). The viUage, '/j M. to the N., 
has a ruined CMtcav and a Statut of F. Lhomond (1727-94), tha 
eminent scholar. — Railway ftom Amiens to Tergniec, see p. 97. 

72 Route 8. PfiRONNE. from Paris. 

The tiilway enters (be TsUey of the Somme, and ccoaiea the 
oansl. — 86 M. MarcMlepot; 93 M. Fironnr [Li Ohapelette). 

93Va M. PAronne (Hot. St. Claudei d«t Voyagmm), a town with 
4660 inhah., on the Somme, la i fortreaa of the third cImi. 

Pironns iB of ■anerftble origin and waa tha iMl of a oelehraled.mon- 
uUrrfouDded by the Irish monk Si. Fnr3)-(d. 600). In tbe Stb and 10th cent. 

Charles tie Simple hero trom 929 till his liealh in B29. The tail in which 

tbe nntorlnnstecupUveissaidtohavebee 

out. CharlBS the Bold oaptnred the town ii 

In 116B to coDclude an agreemeat with h 

fur two difs In tba caitle, in nvenge for his nanng Biinea up tbe lown 

uru&ge toierolt. Louis was compelled to sign the disadianUeeoua 'Treatr 

□fP^TOnne', and we are told that tame )t.js and pie: naed tobe taoghl to 

IriinU. howeTar,' retook the town In 1177. A SUlue commemoratei Marts , 
Fauri (more accuratelf Catherine de Poll), who diittuEulihed berself In i. 
the suceessfal defence of the town aealnst the Duke of Nautu In 1536. 
The fortreaa wsa eaptnred in 1815 bj the Duke of WelliaBtoi , and Id 1870 

The church of St. Jtaa, dating from the 16th cent., has a Sne 

portal, and some good catvinga aad atalned glass. The Httil dt 
VitU contains a smaU MasJe (adm. 60 c; on Sun. gratia). The 
ChSteati consiata of four heavy medliETal towers. 

From (102 M.) Boise! a branch diverges to St. QuentJn fp, 106), 
and from (107 M.) Epehy another, ii'/^ M. long, runs to YJlu 
(p. 22). Beyond (112 M,) ViUen-Flotiich we crois the Scheldt and 
Its canal. 

116Vi M, Marcoing. Branch-line to (2 M.) Matniirti [2710 in- 
hab.). Railway to Athiet and BapiumB, see p. 21. — We pasa three 
suhurhan stations befbra reaching the main atation at — 

121 M. CftDtbrsl {HStel Boiay, dc France, Soleil d'Or, Place 
am BoiO, a town with 26,!l86 inhab., and the seat of an archbishop, 
situated on a slope on the right bank of the Scheldt. 

Cambral is geaerallr IdenliRed with tbe Camaractim of the Antonine 
lUnerarr. II afterwards tieume the capital of a amal) episcopal province. 
Tbe biabops, often at strife with the penple, condded Ihe defence of their 

Pope Jullm II.. a 






. „ 


. 1629 Margar 

lof AnViS 

and Louise 

J f 

sfKned here 






''can.brai opened 

its gatee t* 

tbe Spuilu 

9, bn 


il by the Ire 
of ■rfelllaglo 






V Pdn"lon 


and he 






ue linen dotb 


ire. Oambral gires 11a name to 'cambric , a flue linen dotb or mutltn, 
.rented in the 16th cent, br Bsptiste CouI^de, and alill one of tbe cMe( 
roducU of the town. The French coll il ■baflile', after the Inventor. 
As we enter the town from the central elation, which lies to the 
N.E., beyond the old fortiflr.atiDns, we pass (on tbe left) the hand- 
some new College and the Ciladel, and then the pleasant Jardin dt 
I'E'ptanade, embellished with Statues of Baptisie Coutning and of 

to Cambrai. CAMItBAI. 8. Route. 73 

Mornlrelet [sue p. 72). The street goes on to (he Plac« am Boia 
and the Place d'Armea, in irhleh is the HSlel de YiUe, & Isige and 
handsoiae modem edifice, with a facade aculptuied by HioUe of 
Vaienoiennes. The Belfry, in the Rue St. Mactiu, farther on, to 
the left, dates from the i5th and 18th centaries. 

The Cathedral, or cbaich at Nolre-Dame, tartbec on, to the left, 
an ahbey-church of the 18th cent. [rebnUt since 1859) contains 
statues of F^nelon andBiahopBelmas, by David d'Angere, and eight 
large paintings in grisaille after Rubens, by Geeraetta of Antnetp. 

Facing the exit from the cathedral is the QiapeUe du fiiminaire, 
a former Jesuit college (ITth cent.). The street to the Tight of it 
leads to the Rite de I'Ep^, at No. l6 in which is a Murie (adm. free 
on Sun. and holidays, 11-4; on other days fee), with paintings 
ehielly of tbe Dutch and French schools. — The Place Thiers, farther 
to the right, is embellished with a Monument to the memory of 
natives of the town who teU in 1870-71, by HioUe (p. 79). 

A street to the right leads to the Place Fdnelon, in which riset 
(h« church of ^I. Qfry, bnilt in tha 18ih cent, with a tower 250 ft. 
high, and a dome over the crosBlng. It contains a Bne marble rood- 
screen (below the organ), some antique oali medallions (In tbe choir), 
and several paintings, including an Entombment BSCiibed to Rubens. 

The Chateau de SeUes, on the banks of the Scheldt, at the N.W. 
comer of the town, is of very'ancient origin, but successive re- 
storations extouding back to tbe 11th cent, have entirely altered It. 
y/a may return hence to the Place aui Bois by a street passing near 
tba Porte liBlre-Damt, the finest of tbe town-gawa, dating from 

the Place aui 

[ Bois (open o 

All TO boDAI, 

>n week-days, 

2-4 and 6-: 


Fkoii C*hi 

tio?;' F o"°ill 

inBOmin. (t, 

r. 35, a fr. 

afi,Hr.soc.i. ■ 

1 (p. fj), vli A 

Urf."(/777. - 

. 18 H. S^uf 

.-, see p 

»Ea. TO B.VAY 

(Dour), »Vh 

io Vh-2'h hM. 

(farei 6 tr, 9S, 

c.) viS SolJm. 

u <a" M.7 

p. mi 

«oy (28 M., p. 

m,'\i.i 'iapo 

ly (8IViM.;p. 

32). -- Tb8 

10 (UV. M.) 

Dour, in Belei. 

.m, viid')/" 

[.) Hoi«», w. 



From Cir: 


ia«sii;, S3 U., 

raUwST in 1-1 


i tr. BO, 3 tr. 5 

!5, 3fr, iOc). 

iV. M. Camira 

i-Atmai. The most impoctant 

sngar-rsBDerT i 


Ued al EjcoiKfeti 






^"/ji'^uS'gfa.^^woA^'-'lB «. S™o*» 

Cp. 71). 

. — Wk'. 

9. From Amiens to Arras, Doaai, and Valenciennes. 


(lim 38fr. iO, IBtr., 13 ft. JOc). 

I. (farss 6 tr. . 
Arrai to Btaai, lilS., in 23-U min. (fare: 3 fr., Str.B, 
Doual lo raHneitnim, 2011.. in '/•-I'/ibr. (fares 3 tr. TO, 
- ■ - ■ ■ 156 M, In l-T/t liM. 

pers., 8 h. for S-1 pen. i 

a In the direction of PniB >b 

On leaving Ansa enr line passes the railwa; to B^thune and 
Calais (R. 10] on the left, ind descends the valley of the Scarpe. — 
431/2 M. Boon ; 48 H. Vitry, where Sigibeit, Etng of AustraBia, ww 
■ssassinated in 575 hy the emissaries of Fredegonda; 61 M, Corbt- 
htm. The towers of Douai now come In eight; the tslleet belongs 
to the Hfitel de VUle (p. 76). 

64 M. Donai. - Hoteli. •Hot. do Qbiud Cbif it do CoKMEBaE, 
RneSt. JacqaesSO, R. from 2, iij. S, D. 87, fn BotTBT-BOrEL . U the 
■tatl'in; CiFt-HtTEi., ontslde the atation. ~- lU 
Si. Jacques 10. — OMi in tbs Place d'Armei. 

double fare al nigbt. — i^votris Tramwajn. From tbe ■Ution lo the Place 
A-Aimes (IDc), and from (he Place d'Armca to Jniclu (p. 77], 10 An, and 
lo VoHsHia. 

Douai, a town with 33,650 inhab., ie situated on the ctuisUzed 
channel of the Scarpt. It ia an industrial centre of some importance. 
The fortifications are now being demolished. 

all]r round a a>lla-Boinan fort. In Ibe nari carried on at Tarloui times 
hj UiB French ag^nit lbs English, Flemlih, Oennana, and Spaniardi the 
town oflen luffered liege and c^lure. In 1179, however. It lacceiatDllv 
restated the attack of Louia XI., whoae discomUlnre la atiU celebrated 
evorj July by tba Feie de Saysnt, at whlcb the giant Qayant and hla 

the lowD to the llvelv alriini' of the 'air de Darsnt'. In 1^9 the town 
pasaed Dnder the domlDlon of tbe Spantuda. Id 1667 Loula XIV. captured 
tiie town, aod Ihougb the Freocb were eipellM In 1710 bj the Duke at 
Xarlbontueh and Prince Eugi:ne, they "lade good their rooting again In 
1712, and Uieli poaaeaaion wu conflrmed by the tiealy of IJtrecht in 
1TI9. — The Roman Catholic univeraity founded here in 1B53 10 counteract 
the Froteatintlam of the Netl 

da Bclmmt or dt Douai (ISW-lW), I'he acnlplor, and of Jran Belhi/ambt 
(d. ca. IWO), the painter, suniamed Mailre dea boulenrC. 

Tbe Street leading (o the W, from the sution brings as to the 
handsome Place Carnal, the principal promenade, near which is the 
Mus^e fp. 75). Thence the Kue St. Jacques mns 8.W. to the 
Place d'Armes (see p. 76> 

The cbuich of St. Pierre, to the right, halfway between the two 
'Places', rebuilt in the 18lh cent, la remarkable only foi Its huge 
tower, dating from the 16th cent., and occupying the whole breadth 
of the tatade. It contains several paintlnga of the French schooL 
— Neat this churoh. Rue du Cloche f- Si- Plene 19, is the Mahon 
iti Btm}/, a handsome Renaissance house of the 17th century. 

The church of NolTt-Dimt, near the fortifications , Co the S.B., 
reached directly by the street to the S. of St. Pierre , contains the 

ta V<rf«icIennM. D0UA.1. 9. Route. 75 

eelebratod Milor-piece of Anchin, painted in 1520 'by J. BtUtgamlt 
(see p. 74). Vieitors >ie admitted to the EaciiEty, vhera the paint- 
ing hangs, from 9 to 12 and from 2 to 6, except on San. (60 c). 

Christ enttironBd ielween Iha Madonna, Ihe donor (who 'is presented by 
b<a patron, St. CLirleinaeiie), and some monka of Anchin , headed by 
" " ' ■ --■"rinilifsseenanrrOA.nd.dby 

In the garden in front of tlie church is a'bronzestattie of JUarrc- 
Hne Dabordtt-Vaimofe (1786-1859), the poateEs, and on the far 
Bide the Hospital (i7th cent.). — Farthet on Js the Porte di YaUn- 
cientut, dating from the 16th cent,, whence ve retam by the Rue 
de Valenciennes to tbe centre of the tovn and the Blact d'Armei. 

The 'Hotel db Villb, in tbis sqaaie, tbe most notable edifice 
in the town, is a fine monument of Gothic architecture, partly of 
tbe 16th century. Above it rises a fiTc-storied Belfry, 130 ft higli, 
the upper part of which is crenelated and Hanked with turrete, and 
Bnrmount«d by a spire with a lion bearing tbe banner of Flanders. 
Tbe Interior coort, tbe fine Gothic chapel, the Salle dee Fetes, the 
Salle de la Rotonde, an:d the Salon Blanc may be inspected. 

The Rue de la Maitie leade hence to the Place Thiers, wltb the 
monamerit to the lUvitratiOTU de Douai, or famous natives of Donal. 
— No. 20, and several other bouses In the Itne des Fonlons, to the 
left of the Place, are quaint specimens of medisval architecture. 

On the other side of the Scarpe, beyond the Place Thiers, is the 
Jardin des Flaniei, a pleaeant promenade, in which is a Mv,sle Com- 
nicrdat (adm. Thnrs. and Snn., 12 to 4 or 5J. To die left of the 
Jardin des Planus is the church of Si. 3aeijiies, tbe Interesting altar- 
piece of which represents a miracle of the year 12Q4. Tbe stieet 
almost opposite the church leads to the Palais de Justice, in a build- 
ing formerly belonging to an abbey. The ancient hail of tbe 'Farle- 
menc de Flandre', which met in Douai after 1709 (now occupied as 
an appeal- court), is adorned witb good paintings. 

The •Muaie, in the Kue Fortier, a street running from the 
Scarpe to tbe Place Carnot, Includes a valuable picture-gallery, 
GCDlptures, and excellent ecbnogrspbksl, zoological, and antiquarian 
coUeotioDs. II Is open to the public on Sun. & Thnrs., 11-4 or 5; 
to visitors after 9 a.m. on other days for a fee. The eibibits are pro- 
vided with explanatory labels. 

OraandnsDi VEstiBoLS. BomaD BDtiqnltlei. sculptuied fragmeDls, 

inclndlEg capitals ttom Bavav (p. 82), etc 

SouLFTDU Qklliht, to the left. Bsside the winriowe : Bnsts, eigbt nl 
which are aDtloDS, 1st tow opposlla tbe windows: Simalfliii (?), Ecce 
Homo; DaeM d-Anffn, Bust of Uerllo, ofDouai (1764-1898), the luwyer; 
Sro, ofDonai (1797-1803), Boats ofCharleaX. aod Qiovaniii (olber busts 
by Bra farther on): Works of aiotaaai ia Boloima and bis sebool (UfiB. 
iUBS. Pissatore. 901. Samson smiting the Bblllstlnes, terF»otl>)i JaiffrBV, 
Oenernl Kerlin; Laiml (of Donii), John tbs Baptist making bis cfoas; 
7U. L. PirriB, Boy playinE witb a top-, aavetal busts by B. Houitkn 663. 

76 RouJ* 9. DOUAI. From Aimeiu 

Dupra, lQnoc™c6(bmnie)i iVi. Carptavi, Why born t, eUveV (terta- 
coWi). — At lie end wjtl: 831. Bra, Cruefllxion (caal)- — 3nd row, re. 
tDraing: 6S0. Bra, Hndel for the itatueof den. M^grierat LiUe; 601. £10- 
tier, orDoDal, Bonnpirte it the bridge of Art:n1a; 1632. Cabet, The jw 
ISIli^T. Zionul, Boreas UTr;lDeoSOrBithyU;6ei. CbriKer, Walei-nympb^ 
£r<i, 617. Aristodemns ti tbe lomb oF bis daughler, 693. Uljaseg in tbe 
isle of Calypso jbetweeD tbese, no nnmber, E. Chrilim, Spring; 816. Bronie 
reproduction of a HBreurr b; Jtan dt Bologat. — 3rd row; Bostg; 837. 
FrasivtrtUe, Jean de Bologne. Oilier works by Jean de Bologne are re- 
preeented by redaced copies In tbe glaoa' eases. — ConUrwatton of Oround 
Flour, see p. TT. — The staircase at the end of the Sculpiaie Gallery 
leids to tbe Pietare Gallery on the — 

Firrt Floor. — Rooii I, lo (he right; 391. Silwpin, Lasi 

(he Cencl family; 50. Bi'owouof, La"" "" "- " 

aay; 77. Conil, Landscape ills. J-rom 

; 9SI. Marie, Diy atw 
Algeriai iim. B 
, 760. /. Brilon. 

gtrl ; 7fl0. Ds CimiMt, Gencuiife ofBrabanti 719. Em. Brelim, Winter-night 
In Arloli; 767. Oohh, Christ in the Prietorium. - 761. iVoBcuii, Fith 
through the earn^758. Courtcl, ReQeclian; Bl. Sue^vel, Banks of the Heme. 

— In tbe centre: fi^irin, Sketch of a monument to Dupleii (a. 107). 

RooH II. 1201. £. da Tmci, The Infant Cbriat and St. John; 781. BOHaao, 
Annunclationi20i.iajrB><!(A*BMi!r,Bliiabeth, Empress of Russia (d. 1761); 

3ie! Saiia/irralo, 'madonna and Child; SI. P. da Corlma, Eleaiar aoi 
Rebecca; giornioBi, Hadonna; lllO-Uia. Oioriwio. Mythological eubjecU) 
751. iiai*i, Mme. TalUen; 362. Jfatoirf, Portrait; flcBills, Orpheus in Hadef: 
376, FjJowwiP), Portrait-, 1637. BtttM, Madonna; 71, 76. ftftooJ of Ounabm 
OBd c/ UipJlD ; 776. Jfimnoiiw, Flowers; 1138. GftiHonda'p, Holy Family; 1117. 
Clousl, Anna de Buren, 190, Is*™., Portrait; 751, Jwifow, VeneUan ladji 
aao. Ribtra, Malhemaliidan : 318. Imoin, Children quarrelling over their Boup; 
777. PsoiM, LandBcape with rnina; 1081. CaravasHo, Samson and Delilah; 
1035. Orapl, St. Jerome'g dream. — 1336. DanUniclHno, Lneretia; 1017. 
BroTiiino, Porlrait of a Florentine; 1315. aantfdinfo, Angel; 119. SiHoclof 
r.Oa^', Adoration of tbe Uagi; Fun, The bog; I>ii)lt7n, St. Genevieve, 1086. 
P.daOarima, Infant Moaes; 1101. cW. Marri^e of St. Catharine; lOBI. 
BottialU, Holy Family; 1080. School of armrimJ, Portrait of Marie de" 

Portrait of a daughter of Cosmo I.i 268. Bchooi of ifurtijo, Vision of B\. 
Francis of Asslsi; 1099. Gmmaeci, Lucretla. — 7SS. Qreiat (!), Old man. 

— 307. SrAoal of PrimaUceio, La Belle Paule (a young girl who presented 
to Fr&ncls I. on bis solemn entry Into ifaal town); 

IS. — In the centre: A. J. Allar, Sketeb of a mo- 

"""EioMlffTrn'ranJCacWa., Madonna and Child; 133. Uataoim JfUit, 
Triptych made up of portions from different sources; U. BgicA (or S. taet 
da Blan, Trials of Job (grotesque); 283. Fon Orky. Madonna and Child; 
18. Back, St. Jerome; 26. .'. Bdfaf amti (!), Dead bishop lying in state; 
Bl. Brueelui Ilit Eldir, The tower of Babel. — 82. Cranach, Portrait; 1098. 
Rollnhammer and Filvil Bnughit, Landscape with Rgures; 317, Mclmaer, 
Taycm scene; ill. Frmci Ot TomgiT, Adoration of the Magi (copy of 
BMaU); 381. Vinctbcoiu, Village fair; 31. (above), /. BiUtfambefy), St. 
Vaast performing a miracle before Lothiir I. : 333, J(«*h« (J), C*lling of SI. 
MalthevT; 131, BcSool of Fan Dyct, Promelhena; 1610. Btrct-Htfdt. Quay 
at Haarlem; 116, IIB. AucUM, Portraits; 53, P. BruegM Oie fMir, Village 
Btlacked by diabandad soldiers; 763, A. «an EierilmtiBt, Tnvrenl; 7&. 
Van t/oort, Adoration of the Magi; 193. BKymom, Landscape; 138. C. 
om ^cerdmp™. Portrait; 1B98. 5. Frrmtk, Adoration of Iha Maji; SS9, Dt 
ro$ Ms Elder, Portrait; 3[> (above). /. Belliaamie, Last Judgment, 112. 
WrnasU, LUDdscapei m /. F. MillM (1611.H!)), Landscape, — 116T, Xo- 
mill. Portrait; ISl. ScboOl of HoOein, Lulher; 362. Sllctfu, Margaret of 
Parma; 130, Fob Dtdi, Christ monrned by angels; 111. FUfKi, Duke of 
Brunswieki78i, «■**«, Pan and Ceres; *2a7. Fonifer Jf™J«, LonlsXIV.. 
325, AmfrmiM, Portrait of a military engineer; •iii. Ant. Mori, Portrait; 86. 

231), 231. Jfarl 

SOMAIN. 9. Route. 77 

k p. di Mahm Ihe Elder-. L&ndecaiie; *11. 
•iMu-pieoe, — 

ra. Z>iir«i>f(r (7), Lindscape; 199. Jordaem, Purlrait; 191 
ubaHreraovineltebodiotSt. VsMl; t97. Ton Dlici, Pont-" 
« Blifcr, Surcerji '331. Ruftttu, Vinlnge; •ISl. Van fffjn 

SI. Cnv, Portr&it of ft chilly 1S13. //tqiimafu, LaTide<:spc; 243. iAniierADuf, 
Sei-piecei SiS. Van navalein, Portnkii; 16)1. TtrbKc^, Landacape; TIS. Fan 
Brdffcntamp, Family of Qovaert PUncS: no nambsr, fl. nan Orfey, Folly; 
1062. Bal. Kminct, Arquebosiof-offloff; 1820 CanBrrfotl, Landscspe ; 1^. 
iScADal 0/ Solbem thi ViHtnga; Sir Tbomas More ud Jolm Fisber^ 81. Da 
Oraner, Josns and Ibe Virgin inlercfdine fbr s sinner. — 1(0. Fob dsr Oou, 
lI»donn»fof the Abtsyo Bt, Bertin; iaO. UstniMn JrHrt, Triptycb; 380. 
5cltssi, AdonliDD of the Hagi ; 3U. ««'«>«': S'- Jerome meditsiing on the 
Lul Jadgment; 13S. Pim Orl^, Crucifiilon of St. Pelat; T92, (.'niBotm ^r- 
Utl. Israslites gslberibg nmnna; IM. Fan drr Oorl, Usdonnn and Cbild 
wilb St, AnD»i 30, roast BeOtarmbtH). A Doiniiiic«n. — In the cenlre: 
•29. J. BitUsambt On Elder (p. fi), Sbuttera of a IriplTCb In honour of Iha 
IminscolMe Coneeption (162^; 2i. /. BOItgamtsf^, 28. Stlma of Sttltfimili, 
Slntiera of » triptych; i06. Ho(*r botAt IFi^d^ (picture pBinled on both 

Ground-Floor (continnBtion). — EooiM I-III. at the other end of the 
scolptare-gillory, tontiin tbe large BOiaoiirapliteal CoUecUm, arranged leo- 
graphicall; and provided with labels. — Rook IV contains unimportanl 
paintings, drawings, and a few antiqni ties. — Kooh V also liu paintings, 
etc. — ROOH VI contains fnmilure, fomb-alones , pottery and tiience, 
cburcli-plate, Boman antiquities, bronzes and pottery fonnd at Bavay (p. 82), 
weapons, wood-tarvinga, fatia, lace, ett. 

On th« FiKSi Floob ii tbe Patlic Ultrary, with 80,000 lols. and 
laoo UBS. (open on WMtk-dnyi, 9 to 12 and 2 to 4 or B). The collection 
of coins U nlia deposited bere. 

On the Secohd Floob is tbe ColletUim of Nalm-al Hiittrt, enli to 
be one of tbe largest in France. 

The quarter of the town behiad the Musfe ie to a large eitent 
occupied by the Aritnal, baiTacks, and schools. 

From Douai a brancb-Une rune to (?n/: S.j Tmnai (p. 97], t1£ (IS V.j 
OreMu (p. ST) and |SD H.) Btma, tbe Srst station in Belnium, Beyond 
(t'l,K.) Pmt^ie-la-Dr1IlitiLt railway tmTerses the coal-fleld of £'£iiwrpell(, 
and pasaes, on the right, the zinc-works of the Socl^t^ del Aiturles. 

Another branch-fine ot tccal Interest runs from Douai to {30i/iH.) 
P<HU-i-U<-rtq Tta (IDi/i H) Kimi-m-Pevi!e or PuHli (Perils, see p. 871, 
where Philippe IV le Bel defeated the Plemlih In 130S. A cavern on the 
W. aide of the hill is known as tbe J>a> r«« KdlimJ, and according to tradi- 
tion the slain of botb armies were burled here. 

From Doual to LUIe, see R. 11; to Cambrai (Paris), sea R. 8, 

On qoitting Donai, tbe train luns for a ebort distance ia the 
direction of Airas, then turns to the left. To the right is the line 
to Cambrai. — GT M. Monligny, with a modem Renaissance chateau, 
seen among the trees to the left. A branch-line to the rigbt leads to 
the important coal-mines of Aniche and to Aubigny-au-Bae (see 
p. 73). 

62 U. Bomain [H61. Morcmi), an industrial town and centre of 
the local coai-tiaile, has a population of 6090. Railway to Carabrol 
and Busigny, see pp. 73, 71. 

Fnoli SoMAiH TO PlBDWiLZ vi! Ahztn , 2111., rsHway in I'A br. 
(fares 8 f r. 16, afr. 70, I fr. 85 c.). This line runs tbroogb one of the 

t conl-dlstrlcts In tb« H. of Fmnce. Stailj ererr gtatl 
ae iDd miDen' coIodt, vhlcli foim tbs diaTactsiietic futiu 
f. — 6U. Duuiin (^41. LKunOii <U tBartpt), a town wi 
>l thejnMtion of II " ■■ 

T founded in ITIS. ~ 
., on Ibe BcbeHl, U 
Gr&Dde Pluc, I'/i U.). 

loweriDe tha cases inio. the mines. — At (14 M.) SnuH (pop. 7096), the 
line jolPB tlie rallwsj to (i'/i M.) Valenciennea, and firtlier on It skirH 
tbetoroatB of HJiiaines(«eebelDve) and St. Amind (p.87). IT/" «■ frwnM 
(pop. Too), where the flral vein of cual in this district wm diacoTered, 
Id hao. Is also « sUtion op a line from (di/! M,) St, Amsod (p. 87) to 
a'h »') BlueUiiHroD (p, S2). — IS'/i M. dond^-iur-l'Sscnut (Oriu<t 
CcTfi, a foTtlHed lowD with 496Uli>hab,, l« situated at tbe conQuenee 
of the Bcheldt and the BayBt and od the cual from Coudd lo Kona 
(U H.)' Cond£, whieb igiita name to the princes of Cond^, claims > 
yer; high aniiqultr. Lovie SI. ^as repulsed here in 14T?, but the town 
1TSS captured bf Turenne in 16W. Frioee Eueioe in 1656, Louis XIV. in 
16T6, and IheAustrlans in 1T96. glnee the trest; of Hlmwegen (1078) Gondii 
has belonged to France. In tbe Place Verte are the ancestral castle of 
tbe princes ot Cond^, dating from UIO. and Ibe (AurcA, with a curious 
tower, dated liiOS. aieam-lrainwa;s ply lo Vleui-Cond^ and Valenciennes. 
Tbe road leaving Condd by tbe Porte de Tournat and traversing tbe wood 
of tbe HermiUga leads to £eR-SfcDuri (Hiitel du Grand Loeis), a fa- 
vourlle summer-resort on a sandy eminence, belongine balf to France, 
half lo Belclum. It is connected with Valenciennes by tramway.— 20 H. 
Viiaz-CoaH (l&SOinhab.) Is tbe lut French station. — 21 S. firuatii, the 
first Belgian station, on tbe Uue from Journal <p. 27) lo Horn, see p. 107. 

Another braneh-llne runs from Somaln to (5 U.I ilarcMamit, a small 
indnslrial town, uid to (10 M.} OrcMes (p. 8T). 

Tb« next stations ftre (67 M.) WatUrt and (71 M.) Raiimti (Clef 
d'Or), an industrial yiUage, with 7870 inhatttants. 

The Feriit of Xaimui. like the forest of St. Amand (p. 8T), affords 
picturesque nalliti i. g. to Noire I>ame ot Loques, La Fontaine, Snclie- 

the gtations of Bmai (see above), Beovrages (p. S6), Kalsmea Vieojgne (p. 80), 
Wallers (see above), and St Amand (p. 86), or by tramway. 

The railwar now cunes to tbe right, joins the line to Lille (on 
the left), crosses the PSmweli line neat Biuai (see ahove), and 
coalesces with the railway fiom Mens. 

74 M. Talencleime*. — Hotels. HSt. de CoHUEaca, PUce des Hots, 
B. from 3, U. I'/i, d^j, aVi, D. 1, omn. 1 fr.i db Fi.«ibbii, Rue dfl la 
Halle 2^ do Koso, Rue du QuesnaT SB; HSTEL-RESTansaNT CoQlliH, Place 
d'Armes. — Oafea Id the Place d'Armes. 

Oaba. Per drive, 1-2 pen. 60c., 3 pers. 1 fr. !0, 4 pera. t ^. 60 e.i 
per hr., i'/,, 2, or Zi/sfr.; double fare al nighl (il-6i iO-7 in winter). 

Btaam Tramways. From Ihe Marchif sul Legumes via Ihe station, 
to Ansi'n (see above) and St. Jmmd (p. 86)i lo Deuain and CmiM (sea 
above), and to Soa-fiteoeri (se above), witb branch ttom Coaii to Viiaa- 
CtaAi (see above) and Hiygnla, — From tbs Bue de Ifons to QuUHMfa 
(p. 8i) and Soiiin (Belgium); fares 6 c. per kilomilre. 

Post ft Telegraph Omee, Uaa de la Viewarde, off Ihe Rue St. Qitj 

' to VaUficlmnti. TALENCIEMNES. B. Route. 79 

Valtntienna, b lava with 30,946 inhab, , and fonneily stiongly 
fortified, is eitnated at the JQDCtton of the Scheldt and die Shon- 
dtUe. Tbe manuractnre of 'Vilenciennes lace' has died out, but the 
town contains important iron and other factorios , and is the chief 
BUSar-inarliet in the N. of France. 

The origin of Valendennes la ancient, »nd ite name may pOBsiMy be 

capital of a BmAll independent prlncip^lty, the town afterWArdJ parsed 

Hainrnll"" 1^, brLoniB Xl"lnTm, hy'Tn'rennririBftf, a"d"; (he 
Alliej in 1815; hut il WBB taken by the SpaniardB in tie ITlh cent., by 
Lonis SIV. in 16T7, by the Allies in 1793, and bj SchSrer in 17W. Since 
tbe treMy of Nlmwegen In WK It has bclonied to France." Valencieonei 

ue represented In medaHioni round the statue of FroisBart (p. 81). Be- 
sides tbe latter, Hme. d'Eplnay, the authoress, Antolne, Louis, and Francois 
Watteau, and Pujol, the painters, Lemaire and Carpeani, the sculptors, and 
CbarlBS, Sire de Lannof and viceroy of Naples, were natives of tbis town. 

Immediateiy oatEide the railway-etation is an attisctive sqnate, 
on the foimer glaais of the fortiflcations, 'which were demoliehed in 
1892. We turn to the right and enter the town hy the Bhb Ferrand, 
paEEing theL^c^, foTmecIf a Jesuit college, and tbe Eooie dee Becmx 
Arts, in which is a JUtisetim of Natural Bltiory, eapeciaUy rich in 
minerals. Part of the old Jesuits' College is occupied hy the JWunf- 
ripal Library, containing ^,000 toIe. and 772 M8S. (open on week- 
days, 10-1 & 5-3), and the smalt Mntie Bfnfxtth (books, etc.). 

The Place Carpeaui, a little farther on, is embellished with a 
bronze statue, by Carpeaui, of Atiloinf Wrdttaa (1684-1721), the 
painter. The fonr Bgnree surrounding il represent Italian comedy. 
— In the same sqnate rises the church of 5t. Glry, a Gothic edlHca 
partly dating ftom the 13th cent,, though the elegant tower is 
modem. The fine wood-carvinga in the choir (partly 16-17th cent.) 
illustrate the life of St. Herbert, the founder of the Preemonstra- 
lensian order. In a straight line front this point is the handsome 
PUsct d'Armea; the timber dwellings here date ftom the period of 
the Spanish occupation (ITth cent.). — The *H6ul dt VUU, in tbis 
Place, is tbe most Interesting building in Valenciennes. It dates 
from the 17th cent., with the exception of the imposing facade, 
which was rebuilt in 1867-63. The latter consists of a row of Doric 
colamna supporting a similar row of the Ionic order, above which 
are Caryatides bearlog an open gallery, a pediment with sculptures 
by Carpeanx representing the Defence of Yalenoienues, and a cam- 
panile of two stories. The second lloor is devoted to a Musle of 
Painting and Sculflme, with a yery extensive collection of works of 
the Flemish School (open to the public on Thurs. & Sun., and on 
other days on application, 10-12 £ 2-4; entrance by the first arch- 
way). Catalogue (1898), 1 ft. 26 c. 

Boom I. Drawlnst, engraiiuES, Flemish tapestry (iStb cent.), etc. 

Boon II. Sculplnre. &6S. //lolls (of Valenciennes), Colossil group to the 
memory of French loldiers killed in batUe (the model of the monomeat at 
Cambral, p. 73)(690. TrvJ'oi, Shepherd overcoming a mad dug; 4SS. Carlier 


OlUUt (from VicloT Hugo-. 'Toilers of (he Be.-), ewl; 612. limtlri (of 
ValenelenDM) , Oirl snd butterQy (mirblclf E31. L. fafel, BebeidlnK i>( 
SI. Denit, fi&5. Sfofb, TempUtlanintbeWilderneiKtiM-rslleO. Pilnlines: 
IDS. Lbt. di Grtdl, HadnanH, QS9. Can. da Vtlterra, Dead Christ; ti2. 
FtemUk Siluiil of lla Iflh Cal., AdontloD at tbe Cbitd ; UT. ffaman iScAooI 
I(/1A< leoi Cat., Bcce Homo-, J'laniiA Schmil of llu leoi Cint., US. Death 
ar Iha Virsin, lU.iAdoraliop of (be Magli 99, Caxti, Cbrist taearing tbg 
Crosa; TIB. Cauu, The GolrJea Born (waler-colour). 

urUeolino in the'Tui]'erie)< garden.' —Paintln^s^ to'lhe rlgbC, 171, ITS. 
(Jsmftodiiotour, Porlraitj (waler-colonr)-, 213, 211. Jfemal, Adam Md Eves 
37S. Abil it Pu/ol, Danaida; 139. Qiaitt, St. Elizabeth of Uunguy; 33S. 

Blreliti'lnsurgentB. — 2TS. AbA ie Pajet-, Porlriit of hlmselfi 632. Faga, 
Bust of Chevreul (plaster). 

Room IV. Front w^l, 126. Jvla Licnard, Phfsiclan of the poor^ 20e. 
IfWuJ, Foreol; 69. E. Bribm, Before He atorm. — 175. Bi la Bin, Eqini; 
161- Zsrfm, Kitchen; ^6. Charlel, EiiinEi 35B. J. Vimel, Seapiece; 100. 

HoomV. aiBt in JVoy,' J. de Julienne^ Zfluii Iranian, 377, Morning, 
378. NODD, 881. Diimlssal; tS. Ph. da Cliampaifnt, Dead noMeman ; 91. £< 
Bevrgaignm, C»Talry ftebt; 271. PouuiB, Juno »od Isii (aketchjt m. ITof- 

Porlrail; 333, ffwii, AbbeT'Dt Bl. Amand; 111. Unininm arlUI, Admiral 
Coligny; 68. CallH, Louis XVl.; 199, 1S8, Ifailtl, UnpidSi 378. AM. Walliau, 
Antoloe Paler, sculptor of ValenuennEs; 236. SalUer, Due de BonTlers; 
■3B1, Le raKnMB, Ta» ern- concert 1 187. t«m tmoin or J. IBtl, Cscd-playerss 
J. B. PatB- (of ValencienneB), 'SM. Open-sir concert. 319. KecreaUon in 
the eounlrj , 316. Dora's nest, 217. SolHe; '375. Am. WaUiaa, Scone in 
a park; 118. UntnomArlUI, Potrait of Irf>aij XIV. — In the centre; B6T. 
BMli, Nirrfasua (marble). 

EooM VI. No. 183. laynmrf, Portrait of Usiti 162. /. ran ffuri(«i6w». 
Attack on a conTo;; 313. 11 Orta. Chriet on the Ciasi; 3t&. fan Ttlborgh, 
Toper. — ■370. M. di Foi, Adoration of tlie Kaeii 223, Afiiranf (lfi32-17a)), 
Londacspaidi. '//([[-.jfre'drucvAsl.ToildevoaraSby I'suty, and the Uiurei 
deionrellbj the Devil, 235. Fon JVmrf, Dead Christ in the lap of the Virgin; 
CO, 19. Vaa fihemen, Horses; 331. Snoftri, Landscape; IKl. FkmUh apical 
Bfthi nih ceil.. Death; "169. Jortaen,, Twelflh Night; 217 (aboyel, J. 
Mtrnper, CalUe-markel; 130. A. FraJKi, Animals cnlering Ihe ark ; (36. P. do 
Corlono, Herodlia; •SSB. aifluri, Bt. Eloi (Ellglus) at Ibe feel of the 
Virgin, 813,313. J!u»e»iiiu£alaffiu,(^Ta]ry attacks, 361. yinctbiimi (1), 
Large furesl-ic«ne| 0, 6. Van Ami, eiill-life, 2G1. Di PiriHa (pupil o^ 
Velaiqnez), Bohemians, 328, 239. Xitff, llu Yeinoir, Chuicb-ialerlora, 302. 
Boltmhamniir (or P. Brit)-), Vlohe. 

Roou vn. 206. Fart Jfiarii. Pan and Syrinx; S3. •Hill-fin' BfveghK, 
Gbrlit pieachingi 2. AI. Adrlatmitm, Fish - merchanl , •til. Vaa Ooim, 
Landscape, 69. Calraerf, Piet^; 830. BeruHuO), Peaiints at a farm, 10. 
Knn Batlea, Abdnctlon of Europi; 12». fon Dpct, Portrail; •330, Jfoiiefte- 
ron, Lanrtseape; ST. CdrasUuei, Charily, 70, aiihub Caao, Vadonna; UB. 
Vitiaom Arm, Hadonna and Child vith St. John; VJH. T. d< Eepir, 
A family of sblpowneri, 71. CarriMo di iBrania, Don Carlos, afler- 
oarda Charles II, of Spain (d. ITOO;, 163. ifu^indni, Landscape i Fan Udm, ' 
850. Abducllon of Froierplne, 519. Ceres and the nniph Crue, 138. lla- 
Han School of iht ISIh 'Jenl., AlUr-piece, 110. ^olfiivj (?), Leda; la 
Jocgiujd'ArlDM, Landscape; 399. irynanU, Landscape; IGl. .'oniieni, Party , 
171. Vtm Laar, Landicape. — The glaig cues contain anllqultlei, lace, 
small earvlogl, etc. 

Boon VIII. 63. -VihiP Bmthel. Landscape; 306. RutCHt, Ecslair of 
Bt. Francis of Asiiil; 3^. Fan dt Vtldc, Sea-piece, 337. Van Osjl, Ador- 
ation of lbs Shepheidi; 270. Pourbiu llu ycunoar, Marie de Hidlcls, 80. 
Browoer, Flemish laTern-scene ; 303. S^tUaluimm'r, Madonna and Child, 
with St. John and angels, on copper (reduced copy after Andrea del 
Sarlo); 369. Pourbm llu rounger, Porlnits of children; ISl. Bi Hctm, 

VALE\CIENNES. ». Boate. .81 

StUI-Ufe; S93. Ph. WonpirniQn, HnnlBrs letttng onl; SaB-Vm Son, BUll- 
lifa; •101. De Craj/rr. Our Lidy ol the Koaarji S88. Pourtm Wf rtimsw, 
Ponniit; "Sli. a«llnr«n, Lindscspe; 98, Yaa ioefan, Msrenrj regnrdlnn 
Ben« and Aglauri oo Ibeir way lo tbo tEmple of ainervs; !S9. ». iVanet 
U( Elder, Chftrle^V. asBumlng the doiibbI!!: di^sB; 1. Tm AcUl, Bllll-Kfe; 
Si3. TmiH-i the rountir. Interior of ■ Erotto; -123. Van Dyci, Ksrtyrdoni 
of et. Jsrtfa and his convsTtsd accuser; Rvbau, -307, 3(8, 909, 810 fan the 
back), St. Stoplien's speech, Slooina o( Btenhaii, l^ntombment of the laint, 
AnnnDSlatian, an admicable triptych, 13- IJ ft, high, painted In WS fm the 
abbey of SI. Amaod (p. 89); 1. Van A6Km, Judgment of Paris; ITl. Jor- 
iaen$, Jndgmeot of Midas; 'ITS. a. Caari (CavaUtrt ifJrpiTwJ, Diana ani 
Action; ^1. MoruHe, Portrait; 369. Jr. dt Vol, CIrcumelBlon; (% 12S. 

IkT Cusp] BilBlne of r.Maras''^. MariaJ^i: S^^K«-^^m\ti tai 
hll irlfe; 335. Sni/ieri, Funllry, game, Bsh, and fralt; aOO. IfarHn Fepm 
(an Antwerp artld wboae warke are exceedingly aesne; 1076-1646), St. 

ing tbe Hoat ta him; 333. Snaym-t, Woodland landwape; 102. ZvcmrcIU, 
Cawades at TItdH; •81,, Temptation of St. Antbony; 333. flM(iT«, 
LandKape; 288. Adr. xm Uti-ahl, Christ at Bethany; 342, 241. Panini, 
RnlDB; 106. D. (Vour, St. Peter-a repontaDco; 337. BootemBUy, Caltle- 
raarkat; U. Oorpsonr. Mcdol of the Blatae of Ant. Wattean (p. TO). — 
103. Ztirbar™, Kadotma; 368. P. rfi Koj, Bnar-hnnt; 106. Dc Orater. Be- 
penUnt Magdalen. — In tbe ceotre, 301. Marmloii (of Valencienneis; d. 1(8S), 
Panel of an en Toto painting; BOB. SloHt, Arion (glldeii pl>*t«r). BdbU 
and S^Tres vuea. 

illery. No, 3M. C. A'on- 
..... )r of (heCbimieM.; IB2. 
'arptfniu. The vaUey of the Aamance; 114. Euf. Driaerebt, Fall of tlie 
±itaD>; 1GB. Henaer, St, Jerome; 296, Rail, Strike of mioera; 151. Har- 
pignitt. The old nul-lree, — Senlptorea by SlDlk and Oirpiamx, ele. 

Book X contain! fartber vorks by Carfomx, eblefly models. 

TheBnc St. G^ry leids ttam IlieN.E. comer of the Place d'Annes 
to the Place fVoinart, with a fine marble Afalu; ofjtan Froitaart, 
the illnstrions chronicler (d. about 14i0). The statae is snrrounded 
with 10 bronie medaltioos of eminent natives of tbe town. 

The large Boipltat, on Ibe other bank of tbe Scheldt, waa buill in the 
ISlh cent, from funds raised by a tax of two 'Hards' (about 'Iti.) on every 
pot of baer drunk In Halnauit. 

Fiom tbe other end ot tbe Place Froiseart, tbe Rae des OapaoiOB 
leads to the Place Verte. whence tbe principal church of tbe town, 
JVotre-Dome-dti-Sainl- Cordon, 1e yisiblB. This intereBting modern 
ediUce, built in the style of the 13th cent, is ricbly dacoisted and 
haa good atained-glasB windows by L*v8que. — Tbe street leading 
to the left fiom tbe chnicb debouches in the Place d'Aimes. 

The ancient ramparts have been laid ont as boulevards, one o( 
nhich (Boal. Oaipeani) contains a pnblic garden. 

Pleasant Walks ahd ExccnsiONS may be made in tbe nelghbonrbood 
oTTalanciennea, wltb the aid of tbe various Iramnays menlioned at p, 78. 

Forat 0/ Ba(™« Ip. 78|, 51. Ammi (p, 86), and Sihmrg '(p. 63] ate 
more easily reached. Visitors to the [3 U.) Balht tf SI. AmanH take the 
tramway lo tbe Place de Raismas, descend the Rue dn Harais, and crass 
tbe forest Tbey may go on thence to Scln-Dami-cf Ammr, on Ibe read 

82 Route 10. OASSEL. 

Fboh Valebcienhib tu Hadbbdge, -IS'h H., nilnay in IVi ia. (fares 
Itr. 26, aff. ^, Ift. 85e.J. About I'/iM. to Ibc !*.■£. of O'/iU.) Curgia is 

tomb oj St. Dnion. Tbe cbiite'aa of £M, a Ultle diBlancc to tbe S.E., bu 
A Bna patk. Fine vieir of tbe road, as far as Uoni St. Aubert, near Tournal. 
From tbis point wa may reacb the station of St. Waaet (see below) viii 
BtlUgaia, vrblcb also hu a park and muble-qu&rrlea. The dlelrlct is 
picluresqoB. — 12 M. 31- ITootf-Io- ValUc. — 16Vi M. Bavay (BuffeC-Bilil), 
Ibaugti 11 DOW baa only I960 inhab., was a aonrbhins town under the Bo- 
mans, wbo called it BofaeUTa or Bmacum. Destroyed during the InTulons 

burned several limes, and laid wadla in tbe 1G-I71h ceuluriee. A few 

elgbt Eoman roads, afierwurda c^led, like maoj other Ihoronghtarea in 

^V^ to (?Sp"ai lirLe^QuXorT'aoe p^^ - aaVa M-"«o^™/«,'8f'op. m'. 

Feoh V*i.nNciEB»aa lo Mone (Brussels), SO'/i "., railway in l-l>/i hr- 
(tmtaSft. 5, 2fr. 20, 1 fr, 26c.). The train soon diverges to the B. from 
the Donal line. — 41/: ». Onnalne. T/, M. Slant- Mutroa is tbe last 
French itation. Branch to St. Amtnd, see p. TS. At &'h H.) Quitrrain 
(Buffet) tbe Beidm cuetoms-eiemi nation la made. Sli untrnportaat etallons 
■re passed. ~- llSi/s S. Jmmapa. — 20'/' U. Vonj, eee p. lUI. 

From Valenciennes (o Laan, see p. Ill) to Aalnose, etc, see p. IDT; 
(o Liiie see p. 86) to Comtro^, see p. 73- 

10. From Arras CParia) to Buaklrk, 

70 M. BiiLwiT Id 1V<-3>/4 bra. (fares 12 fr. 80, S fr. 60, 6 fr. 60 c). 

From- Attm to (l^'/s ^■) Ha^cbrouek , see pp. 19, 13. The 
railw»y to Dunkirk coniinaes to run towards the N.W., lesTini tbe 
CalaiB line on the left. 

51 M. Cusel (B6ul du Sauvage), a t«wn with 3222iiihab., 
deiiving its name from tbe 'Caatelluin Moiinorum', which occupied 
the site in Roman timel, is eituated on tbe Mont Ctmtl (616 Si.). 
an abiQpt hill, 2 M. from the station by road (electric tramway in 
10 min,, 30 or 26 c, there and back 60 c). 

of liege and'capture, before it was Qnally anneied to France by ''the 
Iresty of Kimweeen In 1678. It has given name to three important batUes : 
In mi PblUp I. of France waa defeated here by Bobert , Connt of Hol- 

had revolted egainst Lod1> T. d[ Severs, their counti and in 16T7 Uie 
Duke of Orleans, brother of Louis XIV., defe.led William of Nasaau, 
Prince of Oranse. Oeneral Vandamme (1711-1830) was born at Caasel. 

The town presents almost no points of interest, thougli its iium~ 
erous windmilU give it a striking appearance from a flistance. The 
terrace of the ancient chateau commands a wide Tiew, including, 
it is said. 32 towns and 100 viUageB. The old H6tel do Ville con- 
tains a gmsll Musle. 

66 M. Beiges (The d'Or), a forliflcd town with 5227 inhab., 
at tke junctiou of three cinals. It has frequently been captured by 
the French, English, Spanish, and Dntcb, hut sucoeesfully resisted 
the attack of the English in 1793. The church of 'St. Martin, in 




tlie Gothic atyte, lebailt in the 17th cent., with s lofty towei, coa- 
tiins aeieitil intereating paintings and a noteworthy Mgh-altu. The 
Btlfry U ■ Qothle biick erectiaa of the 16th centnry. The HSttl dt 
Yilte, In the Spanish style of the ITth cent., contune a amsll but 
iDteTostlng collection of palntiogs, chiefly collected from the con-' 
vents of the town (compiieing eingle eismples of Van Dyck, Ribeta, 
Teiboig, Matsys, andSaben?); adm. on application to the cuetodian. 

du Saumge}, a^mall lonn nilb SStfeicbab. |formaly'EO,000), H H. to theE! 
A monniDBDt ereclsd In ttie pnblic iqaan In 1886 coamtmonta ttis Tiotory 
gained by the FnorA in 17^ otbc the British and Ibeli aUles, vUcb com- 
peUod the latter to rilsa tbs aie(e al Dunkirk. 

Bejroad Berguee our line joine those to Fnmes and Calais. 

70 M. Dnnkirk, Fr. Dutikerqae. — Hstali. HStil do CaAntAv 
BoDoi (FI. ai 0,1), Rne 8t. S^baiUen 0, B. A A. from 5(r.| dkFlahiibc 
(PI. bi C, &), Sne Aleiandra Trol> IBi de li Ptiz, Bue Daild d'Angeis 1, 

(PI, Ci B, 6),' near the auUon, nnpretendtg. 

Oafaa and Kaitauranti, In the Place JaaB-Bail| in tht Bns Alexan- 
dre Icois and Bub da la Marine {PI. U, t); In the Bna du Qusi, near tbe 

Oaba. Pel driTB In the lown !■/. ft.; to the a«»-bath« I'/i fr.; per bonr Sfr. 

Tramway from the Itatlon to Halo-lw-Balni (p. 86), vll the Place Jean- 
Bart (tOc), tba barbonr (ISc), ale. i 35 a. all tbe way. 

Bteanun. To London, twice weekly, at honrg varying aESording to 
tbe tide (comp. the Indicaliur c/iofz)^ alio to Bull, Leitb, and Ooole. 

Put ud Telefraph Office (FI. C, 5), Rue Dupouy 13. 

Siltlah ConiDl, BdKOri ]W<<<>', EiJ. — Amaritas Oonaular A(aBt, 
Bmfamin Mtra, Siq. 

BniUih Church [PL C, S), Place da la Prison, lervices atll and 6.30; 
ChaplaCi, Rev. W. J. Drtughl, U. A. 

Duvkitli, with 38,925 inhah., is the foaitb commercial pott in 
France and afortrees of the &iat class. Its strength la largely doe to its 
position in the Wallerin^ct, a district drained by means of canals 
and dykes, which in times of danger may be completely laid undec 
water. The great majority of the inhabitants of this district are 
Flemings and speali Uttle or no French. There is a small English 
colony al Dunkirk, which is annually re-)nforcedby summer-Tisitors. 

t li applied to the commnnHi fDrii 
d m, few "■■- * "-' " 

antl'i fUspulek by' the Fr^cb^k °n»s.' in''ieie"tlie Great Con!n''beaieeBd 
a«k Dunkirk on behalf of Louie );1V., nho wu then a minor, Eut 

I, bnt from the cloee of Iha iSth cent, iti p< 

. .. -a later Harihal Tur 
BOW fought. In the greai 
the ban£^ot Cromwell, 

■gnlnst Ei^Und the privateers of llnnkirk vfroughl eresl havoc among tba 
enemy's ihlpplng, and at Iha peace of Utrecht la n£l tbe English Insisted 
on the destriictlDn of tba baibour; a similar stlpulalion was also made at 

84 RouU 10. DDNKIRK. 

the peuB ofFiris In il^\ Id 1793 Dnnkirfc oUTsrsd a galliDl r(9letaiice to 
ibeCngltah, und wu BnillT nllsTed b^ the victoi; at Handaeboote {p. S3)- 

Tho'agh clean and well-1:iDilt, Dunkirk, apart ftom Us Harbomi 
is compaiaCtTely nninMtesting. From theBaitin diiCommeree QfX.'B, 
C, 4, 3) the Qnai del Hollandais leads to the S. to the ^rriire-Porl, 
on the N.W. side of vhicli lies tbe Baitin dt la Marine. On the 
a.E. aide ie the Pare de la Matiae (PI. B, 4, 5), the chief piomen- 
»dB of the inner towa. Thence the street rune to the S,, towards 
the railway'Stition, taming to the W. a little facthei on and cross- 
ing a canal. To the N.E. of the Bassin da Commeree eitends the 
outer harbour (comp. Plan). The chief trade of Dunkirk is in vood, 
grain, and vool. 

Near the S.E. angle of the Bassin 3a Cajniueice in (he Rue de 
la Panne rises the church of 51. JoAn the Baptitt (PI. B, C, i; 18th 
cent.), in which are ■ Christ hy Van Dyrk and a Holy Family by 
Guido Reni. — The church of Si. Eioi (PI. C, 4J, a little to the E., 
a Gothic ediflee of the 16th cent., has double aisles, hut the whole 
nave has been unduly shortened by the remoTal of the first bays. 
The Bitfry , a massiTO square tower of brick , 295 ft. high , is now 
separated from the chorcb. 

The Place Jean-Bart (PI. C, 4), to the 3., occapies the centre 
of the town. It is embellished with a bronze statue, by Darid 
d'Angers, of Jean Bart (1661-1702), the famous Bailor and pri- 
vateer of Dunkirk. The Rues des Vieax-Quardera and then theBue 
Roger, the third turning on the right, lead henee to the Theatre 
and the Mus^e. 

The Millie (PI. D, 4), on the site of a former convent, the garden 
of which is now a promenade, is open to (be public daily, except 
Mon., 12-4 (Sun. 10-6), from June IBth to Sept. 30th, and on Sun. 
and Thuts., 12-4, dcting the rest of the year. Strangers may obtain 
' access at other times. 

Room I. Hodeli of ihips, etc. — Gooii II, tu the riglit. Hedali, nesnona, 
ethnogTaphll and other colleetiong. At lh« 4th wlndoii, to tbe right, Heal 
or Jamea II. of Eagland, In wax, with tHe cap he wnie on hla dsath-bcd. 
— Roou in. Hsloral UatoFT coUection. 

The DWl Ihret roomi contain Painttngi. — Rnaii IV. To the right, 
133. aiaUe, FeslWal in honour of Thoseua^ 818. Jftu. Dejomt-Brelat, lun 

■'- '" --£!'..S? 

id Dthfrs; 8K. FserU, The awooD! T8. A. Dmonl, 

of FlBiilerrej 282. Sandier Echui 311. TalUgrain, Loots XIV. tiait 

Filoait (2^6) 

balllefleld ot'^rba^r^m'^'R™i/Tha myriErtors' atone' o7 Pomp 

as Pieitdeot oF the United Sutes-, 9(n, SOS. Xmeunu. Landaeapes', 119. 
Jadin, Boar-tiiinl. — In the centre, CarHir-BillivM. Dancer f.ilentDg her 

Room V. Aboie the door, 311. J. Sleen, FlIgM Into Egypt; (o tbs 
light, 31(1. Van da Vddi, Sea-piece, 311, PaM, Italian landacape, SOT. 
anateri. Cavaliers proceedini to battle, —730. Van drr //or, Moonlfrtt: 
iSl a. de LmraK, Kesurrection , IBS. LuM 0). Madonna of the rocks; 
aae. /Vnati^-, study of treea; B. Van flafen, Holt Family; -193. OuonM, 
View in Venice; MS. lfi*tor»«K, Harbour ottheOrienl; fflS, Fob ThuUat 

DDNKIBK. JO, EouU. 86 

(after Buteni), AnoiuiGlstlDD i IIG. FrancI: Ihi Elder, Herod and HerodiM 

for the piinting M Visndai BB. ilnwi (!), Bud of •eirliOT. Pelameii,, 
H»ppr mseting^ 33. Bloimairl, View i.. itily; TSS. J. con Rafdarl, L»nd- 
ic&jie ; 2U. jrur<lte, MadouDB ud Child. _ 3. Alhaao, Venus cansiDg Ihe 
Uemone to (pring from tllB blood of AduniK^ ISt.MataUa, lofanl Chriat 

LuidecapB; 224. Utvchtron Ihi Eldrr, Betuin from the hunt: 3. A^anc, 
Death of Adonis; 282. S. Robirl, View of the AdrlaUc; 8. BaUmtsenin, 
Sea-piece, — S6. Bmatui Ac Eider f?), Village ireddise; 231. 2Brg, Fans 

t'nlcani 146. Vaa BaKk, Snowi 2^6. 

« Dyrf (9), Japilor and Antiop*; 18, 
„,„_„, ^.„.,..i,„i 488.^1.. Roia, Deparhire of DlyHeB; BB. Cmm, Ma- 
donna appearins lo St, Josepl OalasaOB; 263. Bojbbo and Tmt Kaid, 
Uiaras and Divea; SB. VH-toUi, Portrait of the artlafs dangmer; Sit. 
Ttoltri Iht Tetmgrr (?), St, Anlboo; of Padua mailing a^h speali, — 3U. 
/, Vtmel, Sea-piece; 220. Maleaatr. Rustic icanet 911. SoUmina. Aisanip- 
tion; 210. FaHI lAi ElAr. View in Italf; 219, MicrtccU. Portrait; BIB. 
J. FanH(,ShipnTeek;2M.i'.Piia>r(}),CBttle;22S,.P, A'lHTiud VaaTliiildm, 
Chore h-inleriar, 306. Snoyfri, Caialry ibirmlsh, — gcnlpliing: IS, Ceelti. 
SUpivreek (piaster); M, Houdea pj, Bust ot VolUire; 18. OHUiM(f), Bast 

Boon VI. To the right, U7, BoOfin Ou Tounger (?), Portr^t ot Lnlher 
or Melanchlhon; 333. vaurifMi (7), Head of a yoHth; 101. DBiw (!>, SI. 

ScoargiDg of Chriat. — 338. P(M, Landscape ; 192. FaM ier Mtulat, Can^rT- 
engaEement; 331. Li Valtntia, OuiUr-plaier; 239. FaUl, Laodscupe; IW. 
Hianard, Dnke of Burgundy, grandson nf Louis XIV, ; J. dc Beta, 281, 
3e5,'Porfn.itH. 287-269. St. ileiander delivered by angelf, triptyeh with 
portraili of the donors; 172. Mmi. rifiiLibrun, Female porlralt; 77. Dt- 
ibuKlr, Caralrr attack; 173. £ul<pc, Abduction of Eura'uai 273. Rig^ud, Por- 
trait of a iteward; 101. Sliai, Crucifixion. — S98. Flrmtii BcHeil k/ lUe 
tea Oml., Portrait; S25. Tfdtrt Oit Ta-angtr, Vlllsee teiat; 6. Van Ar- 
toU, Landicape; 117, J. Fyl (!), Stlll-Ufe; 25t. Fr. Povrbtu, Uarlyrdom of 
St- Oao^ej a trlptjch, pronounced by Ulehiela the artiat's masterpiece; 
118 Ftl, Sim-llfei 412, Fltmiih School, St. Julian. — 150. Abr. Januetn, 
Woman refusing to saeriBee lo Idols; 358. Wildau, Return trom the hani; 
MA. Frmch Sclital, The members or the fraternity of SI. Barhe al Dunkirk 
IB 1833) J. Jordanu (!}, Adoration of the Uasi; 116, Van Sotck, Camp, 
339, Xxiou [?), Karriage of the Virgio; :J60. Fr. Quc2l>n, St, Helena dis- 
covering the true Cross; 355, P. di Va, (?), Oog' attacking a heron; 180. 
flS6B-94), Slill-life; B2T, TUbart, Toperat 138. Kofi SthtumI, Toperi 
. . _ _ ,. — . _ , „ierior-, 358. Jf.d. To., Por- 

134. ,___ .... 

trait) 3S1. Van Gulden, Carilai Koi 

.Ifh, Topers. — 285. Sahalar Ron, 

Cftyalrj skirmish; 41. Cagnacci, _, 

W. OVoH, Judith and Holofernea. — Snulpturea; 

(cast); 14, Chartrouue, Repentant Magdalen ; 34. Beuuin, Phaeton (pla.9ter). 

Od the flrat floor is tho Afunicipoi Library, with upirardB of 
30,000 voIb. aod 70 MSS. (adm. daily, eicept Sat., lO-l and 6-9, 
on Sun. 10-1.30). 

The Rue des Vieui-Kempails leads from the Plai^a du Theatre 
towards Malo-les-Bains [p. 86). and near tbe small vbapel of 
Noire Damt dta Danti (PI. 0, 3] a pUip'im-resorC, ie croeeed hy (be 
tramway (see p. 86). 

A Cotumn of VicioTf, was erected in 1893 on the site of (lie 
old ramparts to commemorate tlie raising of the siege ot Dunkirk 
lo 1793. — The Hue Carrot (tramway) leads Hack to the harbour, 
uear the 'lour dt Leui/htnaiT (Pi. C, 3), used as a liglitliouse. Fol- 

86 Route II. ST. AMAND. 

lowing tbe liunway to the Place d'Atmea, we leaeli tbe B6ttl it 
raie [Pl. 0, J), the aneit bnildlng In tho town, which wu rebniH 
In 1901 In the neo-Flembb style. It is of red and white brick, 
and ia sannonuted y • beirry 240 ft in beiglit. The two heralds 
over the main entrance are of bronze-gtlt ; Bbove them, in high- 
relief, la an eqneatrisn atalne of Jean Bait The statues atonnd 
the bailding represent emlBeot natives. 

To ths V.B. of DUDklik (trunwar >m p. S3) liu — 
■mli)-Ua.Baliia. — HoTiLi. •Ontiw E6lel (PI. d; D, 1), on Ibe beach, 
B. from 3, d^. 3, D. S'li, peui, T, omn. 1 fr.; lU rOciiHUFi. e> D.a): 
Net. Pyl (PI. f; D, 2) D. 3 fi.j di la Rnaiuana, in tbe TlUifCi ia Kv 
laal, on ibc beacli, iij. S'/i. "■ 3 fi. — BcBTiuBuiTe. Catina (see (bote), 
<Uii. 1 Ir.i ei. Jiaa, Oedont, both on tbe beach (d^i. S'/t, O. ift.). — 
BaL-BiTBa. Batni du Kariaal, Bitot du Cap-Sird: batb <b c, 1 Ci. tnd. 
costume. — II aln-)u -Bains (ijeo inbab.) ia e. favourlM and eomewliat M- 
^nslTc lea-bathing ntart, witb ■ apiclons sandy beach, an eiplanade 

Fkob irsiiKK TO FDnsaa (Oheot, etc.), IB M., 'railway In 1 hi, (farai 
3 fr. 80, 1 fr. 95, 1 fi. SO c). Tbix line diverges to the left from (hat to 
Haiebrouck (p. IS). — 8i/i K. Otyrtlde U the last French station) and at 
(13 K.) Adifikfrii the Beldan cnstoms-uiaminaUon Is made. — it K. Fur-Ht 
IKilt. de la »oble-Hose), see Baedettr'i Btlgivm and Holland. 

Kallway ttom Dnnklrk to OrapiUfiei and Calaii, see p. G. 

11. From Sosai (Paris) and Valenciennes to Lille and 


I. From Donai to Lillo. 

SO M. Railwat in i/rl'/i hi. (fares 8 fr. 35, 2 tr. '», 1 tr. GO c). 

Douaf, see p. 74. — The tine, innning to the N., crosses ths 
Canal de la Scarpe. — Beyond {l^/i M.) Pont-dt-ta-DeOU, whence 
braneh-lineB rnn to Orohie* (p. 87) and te Pont-»-M»tcq (p. 77), 
Important coal-mines are passed and the Canal de la DedUle crossed. 
4'/2 M. LtfriTUt. Farther on, to the left, a blanch diverges to Lens 
(p. 19). From (6 M.) Libercoart a branch-line runs to Lens (p. 19), 
either direct or via (3 M.) Curvftt (p. 19). Passengers for Lille 
Gonietimes change carriages beii?. — From (13 M.) SecliD (SSt. dti 
Voyagtun), an industrial town witb 6823 inbab., branch-lines run 
to (9V2 M.) Ttmptetive (p. 87) and to (8 M.) Don-Sain^in (p. 97). 
— IB'/aM. Wattignies, not to be confounded with 'Wattigniea-la- 
Vlctoite (p. 107). — 20 M. Lille, ebb p. 88. 

tl. From Talecoiennei to Ulle. 

iS'h M. BiiLWAT In 1-2'/. lits. (f>r(M 6 fr. 10, 9 fr. 66, 2 tr. 85 {.). 

Valenciennti, see p. T8. The line runs at first in the direc- 
tion of the Doual and Paris railway, bnt soon diverges to the right, 
traversing the forests of Ralames (p. 78) and St Amand, and the 
coal-fleld of Vicoigna. S'/j M. Beutiragei; S'/a M. Rmmiel-VicolgrK ; 
5 M. La Fortt. 

71/2 M. flt. Anuuid (Mouton Blanc), a town with 13,706 inhab., ' 
situated </2 H. to the N. of the station, at the confluence of the 

0R0HIE8. 11. Bmte. 87 

Scarpt ind tbe Elnon, orlginatly grew up nound an alibey fonnded 
In the 7th cent, b; St. Amand. Nothine dot remains of U>e abbey, 
except Its Portal with two octagonal p&iilions (1632-33) partly in- 
coiporsted with the H6tel de Yille, and the Fatadt of Vie Chvreh. 
The letter, a hcld^eonstTiiclion, consisting of a tower end two tui- 
reta, wu designed bf Mc. da Bole, who waj abbot in 1621-73. The 
Daeliing oflhi Seetvtur del'Abhaye, Rne deToumal 31, shonld elso 
be visited. — Steam-trunwiy to Valenciennes (p. 78). 

About an. to the 9 B. C/i M. from Fontaine-BoulllDni »fe below) «« 
llie Batha of St. Auud (_a6til dg rmabluumml, peoB. 6-13 fi.), witb aul- 

iiatma of the joints (mad Ijath 3, snlphnr bith 3 fr.; rabsoriplign for 

•oHIaint-Botiillon, aatl (8>/i H.) Frann, on tbe line to F^iuweli 
!OV»_M.)S<l(ein™!i (p. BT) yia C^toitg 

tbs'riBbt ii tbe' fort of llsulde. — 7i/t H. By>iariti Is the Brst BelgiH 
MlHod. Vm. Antoint, with lo old Oolblc cbiteaa, — 16 If . Timmat, see 
p. 91. 

We now ttavetae the fertile district otLaFtvlU (Tabula'). — 
11 M. Boiult, to the left of which is the Chfittau du Loir, dating 
from the 16th century. IS'/g M. iandos. At (I6V2 M.) Otrhit* 
(Hfit. de la Gare), we join tho railway from Donai to Tournaifp. 77). 
Uranch to Somain, see p. 78. 

(7i/i M.) . 

btincb, 18'/? H . lo:^, leads to Ttmreolng (p.88), pusing Cytoinfy 
,_.. ._..>. . .._ . . yj jjjjpj by PhlUp Augustus 

iS'/jM. JSomain. About 3'/j M. to tha left lies Mcni-en-PeoiU 
(p. 77). — aOi/a M. Twnpieu™, 23 M. Fr^lin, to the right of which 
ts the fort of Sai-aghin-tn'MilantoU (see above). — We soon join 
the line from Douai (p. 86). — 29Vi M. LUU (see p, 88). 

m. From Lille to CotiTtiai. 

Ottmi by tliii r< 
ll9,ubeuee and . 
la fr. 40 O- — 

ply to a numbar of places between Lille and Tonrcoing. — Tranacag 

Beyond the (ortiflcations of Lille the line to Courtrai runs on 
towarda the N.E. and orosses tha Canal dt Houiaii. — S'/^ M. 
Croix 'Watquehal. In the distaDce to the right rises tbe tallest 
ractory-chlmney in France (31Gft.). 

88 Boutell. TOUROOING. 

b H, Bonbaix. — Hstd*. Fuuuli, BueNmtn, neu theFUce ds 
la H&irle, B. 3-aVi, D. 3'/> <ncL wioa; de Fbuqe, P]u« de la ICklrJe. — 
0«1n, I'/i ft. per drite, I'/i or I'/t (»- psr huur. — Tnmviji, [rgm Ihs 
PUce d« la Jfalile 10 £(Ht (t«e below), rrurKten (>/, hr.) 3M0 c), ud 
IFallradu (see bel9w). — Amtrigui Oomb], Wm. P. AlueU. 

Boubaix it an impoitant mauataotaring town, the populatioD sf 
nhich tosB during tlie 19lh century fiom SOW to 124,360. It la 
connaated with th« Scheldt and the loner Detlle by meane of s 
canal. The Ecoie Nationait da Arti Indullrltlt ia a kind ot in- 
dnatrial unireTslty, with elaieea tor a great variety ot induatrUl, 
artiatic, and technical eabjeeta. 

7 M, Tomooing (H6tel da Cygnci Qrat%d Bdlel), another bnay 
manafactaring town with 79,243 Inhab., practically forma part of 
Ronbalx. A monament commemorates the defeat of the Engllah 
and AnBtriauB here by JourilBn and Moreau in 1791. 

Bonbtli and ToDreoini; form the »DtTe of one ot the busletl Industri- 
al diitrlcti In France, the populaUoc of which haa Increued faaifold 
daring the past half-ceatory. They are adjoined by Dumeroua papuluua 
eommuneii, Orni, Waltrtlti, etc. The itaple [adustcy of the dlBtrld ia 
wool-muufactnring, In which it bears comparison with any other diatricl 
in the world, repretentlngfour-flftha of the entire produclioD in H, France. 
The dislHct lies In the heart of French Flanders, and its industriona and 
enlerprlain^ Inhabitants have maay points in common both with the French 
and the Flemish tyjie — a combination largely acconntable for their aieep- 

There Urn BitUih Oh 
St. CharUi FmaUnur; aar 
ClHtTdi at Boabait (Ene de» ArlSj service al 11). 

From Tonrcoing a branch-railway runs to (fl M.) MwWi contlouinE the 
line frum Orchiea, — 2 M. TauTeoiat-ttt-FriKiet : Vk M. Halluia fPomme 
d'Or), with 18,600 inhab., the last trench atalion. - 9 M. Jfanto, aBelgUn 
fortiAed town with about 11,100 inhab,. Is also sltuatcl un the line from 

Beyond Toarcoing the frontier is crasaed. 13 M. JHouaeron 
fBuffot), with the Belgian custom-house. — 19'/j M. Courtrai 
(Lion d'Or; Damier; Royalj Midi], and thence to Bruget and Ottead, 
aee Batdtktr'i Belgium and HoUand. 

12. LiUe. 

Hetela. -BStei. de L'BnnoPi (Fl. at E, 3), Bue Basse BMS, B. 5-Ti/,, 
B. li/i, d^.S>A, D., Incl.wlne, I'/i, omn. l/rlfr.i ue FaaHoa (PI. bi E,3), 
Bue iCsqnermoise -IT) di FLaNOKK et D-AsaLETEEKi (PL c i F, 3), Place 
de la Qare; OHaxD Hotel ns Ltlie (PI. ei F, S], Rne Fatdberbe 38i 
CoicTi:<IKTtL (PI. k; F, I), Parrls St. Maurice; R&i. de La Paia (PI. gi 
F. 4), Roe de Paris U: Sinoe d'Ok (PI. I; F, 9), Place du Theatre 38-3§i 
Hdr. DU CoHKBBCE (Pl.jiF, 1), Rue deBdthuBel3i Hodishe (Pt. tiF.t), 
Parrls St. Maurice; HAt. dk P.ris, Place de la Oare; Hot. di Bbuielles 
IT DE TouBs.i, Bue del Bnlsaes and Kue du Vlenn-Fiubourg (Pi. F, 6, 3), 



I, vbiCb IB lOmc dJlM 

ma JM w. Bna of t' 

ds Is BipDbUqaB. 

vB-ieOc, avcb^-Boi-Fromagei 31, u»r u.. ,>.^uu<i >-,.». 

Okt»: p«TdriTBlVifr., per br. I'A n., woh mccsedlu hr. IV? fi.) al 
nUbl (13-6), 3V>, a, or 3>/i fi. 

Tfuqitivi. BlgHteen llDU ttlTfii^ rrom tbe Flue d« U Osre or tbe 
Onude Plnce. Comp. the uoeied pUn. Tbere an two cIsbbu en tbs 
can, and the rootei ire dWEded into 'lectloni', for eacb ofwblcb the fais 
it 10 and IBc. far Ibe lint, 0, 10, oi 15 o. for eadi additional section. — 
A jleem-trMDway fcarrrlng Ineeage alio) rum from the OraniiB Place (o 
lUnOiaix (p. dSj la I hr. itaiet TS or GO c, ralnrn-lleket i fr. or H) e). 

Foit and Talegtapb Otflia (Fl. E, S), Plau de la Bdpubliqaa, Ttle- 
grapb alio at tbB station. 

Tboatrei. Oraad Thiilrt (Ifl. V, S), Place du Th^itre. — HIppodroBU 
(PI. K, F, 0), Rae HlcDlai-Leblane. — CaiSiui del I'amaiet (eafij. concert), at 
the Bratserio TJnlYenelle (see above). 

Batha. Baini lAIMi, Boul. da la Libert^ 318, near tbe Porte de Paria; 

rEarnpB {1 fi-.i 1 SwiTuming Ba'h. ftnai' Vaoban 1 (PI. C, I). 

Sstluh Dhnmh tCMil Olairtll! PI. F, flj, at tbe Oorner of the Rue 
Wattean aod the Bool, de la Libert^; aeiilcei al 11 and 630. Cbaplain, 
K». J. a. PKItt^i, M. A.. Bie Jeaone-d'Aro 19. 

Amerltaa Oaaialar Ataat, ClirlilopluT J. Sing. 

Lillt, originsllf L' Isle, Flem. Ryittl, the chief town of the 
Difartaaent du Nord, and the seat of » nnlTersily, with 210,696 In- 
hab., wsB formerlr capital o( French Flanders. It is a fortiess of 
the flnt clias, widi a ciudel said to be Tauban's masterpiece, and 
is BllQated in a well irrigated and fertile plain on the DeUlt, a nafi' 
gable river vlth which numerous canals are connected. In 1851 the 
population numbered 76,000 eoula, but since the extension of the 
fortiflcatlons in 1853 numerous handsome streets and squares have 
sprung up, particularly on the 3. side of the town. The Musfe (p. 90) 
in itself repays a vieit to Lille. Lille is a very important manufactur- 
ing place. Its staple commodities are linen and woollen goods, cot- 
Ion, cloth, 'Lisle thread', machinery, oil, sugar, and chemicale. 

LIllB is laid to haie been founded before the middle of (he lith eenl.. 

bT Count BaM - - ...__.__ 

ides, and pau 
Philip ■ - 


[Charles V. to 



' irhom 


It hil resld 

o Ibe MursT 


i many i 

.elT by 

and Sp. 


and it wa. 


rora tie lattei 


ring lh( 


igbf «>a 


6b tbe"re' 


.r Ihai 

)B> In 1708 . 

. gallant 

The troi 


lltTKbt, h" 



o ni3, Unall, 



90 RouU 12. LILLE. MM dt YitU. 

Mercler HrersI jwn afterwards, <but ahuim blmaelf out of the spliotcr 
of ■ LUlB bomb" (Carlyle). — Oawrol Faidhirbe (181M9) wm a natiTB 
of LUIe. 

FiDm the Etatioii the handBome Bue FaiSherbe leads stcaigbt 
to the Grand Theatre (PI. F, 3], whence the Rue det ManneUen 
Tnne to the left to tlie Qrnnde Place, the centre of the old town. 

The Bosne (PI, F, 3), a brick and stoue ediflce, with shops on 
tbe groundflaor, v&a begun under the SpunUh dominion in 1652. 
The court (apply to the coTicierge if closed) la surrounded by arcaded 
galleries and contains a bronze Etatue of Hiapoleon I. by Lemaire 
(1854). The Column in the centre of tbe Place commemoratea the 
gallant defence of the town against tbe Auetrians in 1793. On tbe 
Bide of tbe Place next theSuedesManneliersiises the Orand' Qarde, 
built in ni7, and now occupied by the military staff. 

The HAtel de Tills (PI. F, 4) wis erected in 1847-59 in the 
Renaissance style, tbough the S. wing dates ftom Louis XVs reign. 
It occapies the site of a palace of tbe dukes of Burgundy and con- 
tains the Biiliolhiijut Communale (nearly 100,000 vols.; open on 
Week-days 9 a,m.-10 p.m., San. 9-1) and a Mmfe of Engranmgt 
and Copies (open Sun., Wed., & Frid., 10-4). 

RetQrnIng to the Grande Place, we follow the Sue Nalianate 
(PI. E, 0, 4, 6), to tbe left, to visit the new town. To the tight of 
tbe church of 8t. Stephen (18th cent.) and the Military Hospital 
(1605), once respectively a chapel and a college of the Jesuits, is 
tiie Sqtiart Jtintiea, with a monument to Deirousseaui (d. 1892), a 
Lllte poet. The Bne Nationals now intersects the Boulevard de la 
Libertfi (see below) and leads to the Place de Strasbourg (PI. D, E, 
4), in which is a Monument to A, Testetin, organizer of the national 
defence in the H, of France in 1870-71. Farther on is the church of 
the Saeri-Caurf a new and elegant structure in the Gothic style, of 
which the tower is not yet completed. 

The handsome BovUcard de la Llberti (Pl.D, E, F, 3-5), which 
forms the boundary between the old town and tbe new quarters built 
in the Parisian style, begins at the Esplanade (p. 96) on the N.W.. 
and leads to the S.E. to the extensive Place de ia Ripublique (P!. 
E, 6), in which rises an •Ejturjlrian Staltit of General Faidhtrie, 
by MerciS. To the N.W. of the Place rises tbe spacious Prifecturt 
(PI. E, 4, 6), dating from 1865-70, to the W., the HStel dei PoUet, 
and to the S.E., the Palais det Beaux-Art), near which is the Frm' 
iaini Vallon. 

The Falaii das Beauz-Arti [PI. F, 5), a striking edifice, designed 
by Bfrard and Delmas, was opened in 1892, hut represents only 
aboat one-half of tbe original plan. The collections which it con- 
tains are among the most important in France, the 'Pietnre QaJlerj 
being especially rich in examples of the Flemish and Dntch schools. 
The other collections include drawings, sculpture, antiquities, and 
9 of ethnography and industrial and decorative art. The 


Model oT'fta'De*™' 

cintTB: CUiiagir, Bull; 

, next the fafudi 
or St. qnenlin, b 

Paiait dtt Btaux-ArU. LILLE. 12. Routt. 9j 

coUeotioni ate open to the pvblic d&ily from 10 to 4 or & (closed ot 
Sat.). Entrance on the left. 

BniilTtuTiii. At tbe eotruce, 
IopHoi. To tbe ilgbt, In thi 
; fioniM, Suainni atlhelulhi 
Seilo, Henri IT wbeu t jODth (aUvBred bronieli Fitfet, The prej) /drac, 
Cupid fltunE (broDie); AUar, Teaiptalion dF Sve^ nuguenia, Hebe; fV<- 
m^iFf. nnipht pTrjtnt fAajLti _ nnnrhtiitp ttia wlndDwa^ as ve relum : Fofatitr, 
Dlicii Feagini rfei js'eru, Goat- 
jjlerfin, Aniphilril8._ Beilde ihe 

The ^ALL Oalleii, panllel -nllb tbe prtndpsl gallerr, conUlns 
imill AnK^ultUi: Teieg. scolpluree, giBM, bronies, Slot objfcla, elc. 

Lnn Gallbbi, facine ttie enlrance^ 'Antiqaltifi (J. di Vicq Cellrc- 
Uoa}. — luBati: Medtsval sonlptnrps, fontj, well-beads, tapeitir, — Sad 
Ban: SelUi«<u ecnlplurea and small tjcomeB ot tbe il-lolb cent,, church 
iHale ftom Ihe lllh ceni. dd, minlaluree, locks, etc., tapestry. — 3rdBaf: 
Wood-cirvingai enamela, caninga in ivorjr, books with micialnrea; fine 
tapestrj (Esiher and AtSauaniB). — 4th Bat: Lockamith'B work, reliqnariea, 
(aamels, (puona; fnniiiiiTe, eaningB, tapeairy, German altar of the 16lh cent,; 

fountain, !n pewter; small acnlptureJ, watches, miniaturea, iyorj-carvinBSi 
wax raedalliuuB; bii-pipesi ofcioscope with morocco case, book-blDdioEs i 

of tbe town, headmi 

1. FaidhetU. 

r: Sllmigrapliiuil Colltctim (MatH MoilM}. 
a'aircue, embellished wllb « bronse boat of Kapoleoi 
to the Brsi Door, — Tbe staircase beside the main 

is a muble statne of WiCBr (p. U), by Dtrh n (1 

illon Leleux (p. 91). 

•FictDra Oallery fjfus^ dg Pilntvri). Tbe palotinge in each room 
aie mentiODed frpm right Id left. — Hlght Wing. — Pavilloh Bbassedb. 
37S. Barrianf; Laadsrape; ISS. F. de OoniTiri, Child sipoaed on tbe water 
lo leal the fhilhfnlneaa of its motber; 198. Mmcn, Vision, — 365. Gviltaumet, 
Arab marketi 656. BodugTHue, Nebuchadneiiar ; iU. Ommirre, Samson 
and Delilah. — Between a door leading to (be Galsrie des PiimiUfs (p. SI) 
and ODB leading to the Galerle Wicar (p. 91) *153. laustt. Servant of tbe 
.poor. Then *fiie. C.L.UilHir, 'X'ot thla man. hut BarahhaaJ'i 255. i)(jri>lfc, 
Lesson on the bagpipe; 190. A. Maig^tcin, The blind admlial Carlo Zenoi 
111. B. S.ipagl, Friam and AtblUea; 379. Harjiiftiiri, Landscape; 1(9. 
B.Bnlim, id.; US. latwiirr, fiea-piece. 

Book UI. 160. Cum, Tohiai. — 210. Drmanl-Brtlon, The betrothal: 
1. Affochl, Fortune: *T72. Trefoil, roreel of Fontsinebleau ; Carolai-Dnraa 
«.. at LiUe), -118. Assaaalnated, IBI. Sleeping man, 151, i58. Ed. Rejnart- 
153. Ladv nod dog; 88B. Wmi,, St. Francis of Assisit 1101. SniM, Land- 
scape; Bl. Bmrnal, Adam and Evg finding the body of Abel; 11^6, Camfui, 
Daraa, Em. de Girardia. — -600, Jfirao", Xe Lonp dAgubbio', the wolf 
conrerted by St. Fnni^ of Aisiii in the streets of Gubbio. 

Boom II. 318. tWntali, Sacred grove; -280. Amauni-Btitial Birth of 

MaiUr, Oaming ; 1^. jroiiroHt, ^eio and LocusU tuUng poiioni; Ufi'. Imi, 

Falail dtt Btaux-ATlt. 

I. r. Jfuu, 

villi, Si:OUU (Crimes); 

carrii'd off by > uan ; 
inE & Hont de CklT- 

roBf?™*, Tha''Ce8- 

1. Mmllarl, Sl»jer 

Doga BDd hue; S%! 

J«i« ifa.u.t/i,ter &e cnatlUon, t JjobW, Bi 

303. C'r«ic(, mciiE 

cconsing Cupid iSTJ. 

noiM .irtfK rlJKI cMJ. Old womsD; 5B'!. /'oHicr, Sc^ds Oaltnta. — 

. C. Forfifl, Clioiiana; IS. AaHaia. Jobn tbe Baptist before Herud; 2U. 

uoti. AlRerisD scene. 

Md Antoloe Walleeu of Valeoiiennea ; Ibeir works are far Inferior 
.hose of Ibeir kinsman, of whom the Eiljerj pofsesiBi no anltentie 
Mmniyrr, Plowersi SM. Ft. (Tottfoti, Popujir feat- 

itoi I. iro*oH, 871. View of Ijlle, fflB. Federal 
<H>, B^. F3te at (he Colfsee in Litle. £66. Cst»1i7 aki 
,._ =,, „._.. ., aj^ NicolM, 879. File in 1793 !n m 

Lille. 869, S70. Battles of Aleiandei, ^... 

l( Lille, m. F^le do Brmiueleli TI9, 718. 

nllT, 873. Feast of St. Nicolas, 879. File in 1793 Id meniory 
of ILe siege of Lille, 869, S70. Battles of Alexander, 861). 

railJoiK tieG3-T7i of Lille), Purlrails; BT. flo*l(lr, Tria_,_ 

Above Is a series of large relii^ioas painllnes by Am. ie Vva (1312-1719 
or 1720), brougbt from cGnrcbes In Lille. — 860. Wtonpi (of Lille), Jnds- 

1. 63fi. Salealor Saia. Landscape ; Q. Potuiin (Dtinlul ; 

--„... . — . _..TiM(o, Kest on the Flight inlo Egypt 
cpoiiea; iiKuuun uoubl(ui)i 780. A. dit Bartt, Hadnnnai lld9. B. Slrani, 
Hosea; 9. Gariuagflo. at. John; 31. CimaliAs, Piaiu di 8, HarcD; 651. 
nnurtlla, Paiadlsa (sk'teh); 170. Cltnanli, Deatb of Raebel; P. Fitubeii, 
1S9. BBlombiuent, 110. Eloquence, -138. Uartvrdom of St. Oeorge, ■111. 
Science (spoiled)^ 609. Leandn Bauaao, Cbriil eipelling tbe money- 
cbangersi JHaloretlo. B92. VeiieUan senator, 653. Martvrdom of St, Stephen^ 
y. OuiOfio, 607. Interior, 608 (briber on), Weddin^l 616. J»ecf, Last Supper; 
717. Aidria SchtoMtu. S.lher and Abaauenis; DoiatniMnt, 913. 8S. Sle- 
pben and Miccolu d> TolenUno, 911. Victorious Cupid, 912. DiOECDesi 

Palaii da Btaux-Artt. LILLE. 12. Routt. 93 

636. (Mia RiBi, Sibyl; 768. Tiarinl, Kintldu and Armlda. — 738. i^ada, 
CbastilT at Joieph; SS, Vonado, Scourging of Chriat. — B91. PaaUiJa dt la 
Cnu, Archduke Matbiu; 6U. Sibera, 81. Jerome; Som. ThtBloapuU (U 
Onco), 785. Christ at GetbseniBne, ISl. St. Francis; 1021. Bpaaiili Scluot 
of Hit I7rt Cait., Ai'umplion i 917. French School of the /«» Cenl., Porlmlt 
of >n wchilecti ffanc. Iota, -aig. The joung, 350. The old, 8B1. The 
earroM: Lc Suin, 170 and snuther, Interiiirsi SA. Yitnim Ifii Eldtr, Ado- 
ration of the Migi; 616. Poviiln, Time fr^eios Tinth from Envf aod Dis- 
cord (ikctch): 617. ScMbI of fOMJfn, Mojos iSTOd from the Nile-, Jeao di 
Boullongm (U VaUtMia), (|3. Hocking of Christ, 93. Soldiers casUng Iota for 
ths vMlnre of Chriati mS, CBtmniB ArlUt (lull Cau.), Last Supjer; 158. 
Z^rtffl, Berenlea and Cacns, Uignard, 512, Madonna, Oil. Fociune; 313. 
Fraaonard, AdoratloD of the Sliepherda (iketch); IM. lartiWirc, Jeao 

D L .V. i._j. 'nteri 169. teiroii (?), VanliMi: 308. A. Cotpa, 

n Baclnc'a 'BaJaHt'). 
Left Wini. — 8. E. Pavilion. 918. Ztalrii, Chrfsi and the M»(dalen. 
1016. Fntwwn Anfaf (1?« <"".), Porirait of a scholar. — B15. MiiurdcrJI', 
Uartyrdom of St. Peter of Veronal on a stand, 899. Wiiru, Lord Eelllei 
393. Fan dw Jf(lj/, Vennsi 519. Xolenatr, Carnival scene. — 18. J. iTAr- 
Ooii, Laodsrape; Tan Bloem™, 59, 53 (farther on), Views of Eome, 57. 
Flight into Bgvpii 309. B. FtcmaHi, Episode In the life of St. Lambert; 
5a). JfofetiojT, BfcAchfield; 915. a«i™. Judith: 853. Van Ocytt, Landsosjei 
•697. PiaizeOa, Assnmptloni T51. ftiBjsrj. Campi 16, 17. D'Arloii, Land- 

539. a'b(. Mori, Portrail; 68T. Ochan'eU, Familj msaU 881. Waaiiri, 
Promelheus; lOS, 108. 7m Bndoel, FStes M Antwerp; 351. f™ acycr,. 
Skaters i 683. /(. ran OilmO, Sliaters. — 187. Dt Caninet, Fruit and Insects ; 
lOT. P. tan Brsdael, Fair in Italr. 

Boob III. SIM. Di WiUt, Church of Delft; 216. B. Cu*p, Portraiti 
^TBa. Ttaitri Oe Fowwer, Strollers-, 983, Uataoim ArtUt (Ila Otal.), Por- 
trait! 573. Fan Oojf, founlallDn of the Catmellts order. — 161. TiKHn 
OtSldir, Divei Id beU; 173. J>t Coddi, Conversation; 295. Fan dm Eeri- 
haal, Tributa-moner; TCS. fietool of Tmieri Dte Yeunstr. Players at bowls i 
Sil. Fmf!), Portrait; 162. Z)e CAompolfftK, Annandatiou; ISl. Tattri 
iijyotm^tr.TBmptatlon of St. Anthony; !87. VaaDcle~ vn-.i^n nf . „»i.r.. 
leS. £inBM»(*siM«-,Saloir- -^ -—— ■'^- •'■— "-' 
1/k rotiiiDsr, Kusllfl Inlariori lit vuampaitnt, -IIM. Holy Nigni, 
Gbepherdi teT, y. con Kayjdas), Landscape ; 692.691. 8. Mnfisyd 
scapes; las. Fan 2'a«(, Smell. — 711. Blim, Fiddler; 803. E.mmier Po^, 
Kitchen; 136. 5. ITgntRcl, Portrait; 7i6. SiirrtiMi, Landscape; 736. Virt'ttoh, 
Interior; 576. Oumbixk, Strolling musician; 316. FraneAojt A prior; -112. 
FItUr Coddi, The Srst pipe; 713. SUm, Dutrh musician; Braienivrgh, 96. 
Herrr meal, 97 (IkrtheTon). Alter tbe wedding; 721. AOiriMAU, Ford; 181. 
£(nnu llu Elder. Head of an old man. — 'm, Dtlfl, Portrait; *6S6. Jot. 
wm Rviidatl, Landscape; 739. ra-iprmi. Portrait; 509. Be Crater, Mira- 
culoDB dranght of flslies (freely retouched). 

Boom n. 1101. B'itaa, Descent from the Cress (sketch). ■627. Er. 
Qiwllfn and Adr. ion Utytcht. Christ at Bethany; *673. RtAiiu, Deatb of 
Mary MajdHen; 388. Fan Diict (?). Portrait ; 676, Fob OoK (ft* BW*r, Portrait: 
293. Taa Dsckp), Madonna; "672. Bu6bij, Death of Mary Magdalen; IS. 
JordoBU, Bontsman with dog; 693. Ryclaerl, Clam-seller; Be Craver, 508. 
The 'Quattro Coronati" (four eariy martyrs), 210. The son of Tobias and 
the angel; ■2SB. Fan Bytt. Harie de Heillcis; 121. Jtrdatm, Susanna and 
the elders; -286. Fbb Bf/ct, Crncifliion,— -763. Tm^iri On r«HWB-,Bohemianss 
291. FonJ>*tt(!), CoronaSon of the Virgin; 729 {abo»el, anydtrt, Boar- 
hnnt; -l?r. Jordaau. The TemptaUou; Saittu, ffTl. St. BonsTentura, 615 
(brtber on), St. Francis in ecstasy, -873. St. FrancU and the YIr).'ln; 119. 
/ordonu, Christ and the Pbarlaeei; 60. Fun BocOumi, Martyrdom of 
81. Manrice; •211. Be Crater, Silvator Mundi; 287. Fo» Bsck, Miracle of 
St. Antbonj of Padna (> hungry male kneels before the Host, neglecting the 
oatg placed near bim); 133. Jordaena, Twelfth Nlzbt. — Buieu, 677. Pro- 
Tidence, -671. Descent from the Cross, 676. Abundance. 

Palaii da Btaux-ATli. 

It. mn 0. .. .. _ . 

■uuDi 108. P. di Booga (rj, uuicj 

98. Braimlmrgh, 'Bcine galante'i 

S.StacHMa. J, Koudorfer, (lie m , 

LiiDdacapei -lOl. Etlbtia Oit Tomfer, Chirily; — 5 

Churcb-lnletior;141. I7a™p)».*«n, HuntsD- -"-- " 

Fan *B- ff((»(. Po«r»ilsi 'S'Oj^. ffati.^ 

ICtxIbet on). 

r« &»», PwiTui. 

P^viLLOH Lelidx, >t tbe hud of Ihe t 
834. OMaf, Bibliophila i 712. Baatoft, Btt-f 
bogi piEF in Norway; ~ iOO, flolcJwf, Sermon in i-apiB 

Brasaeur (p, M). Many of Its paintings here »re by uoidentifled srtltts. 
989. Italian altar-piece (lilli cent.); opposite, tlUr-piece acquired in 1897; 
Ilaliao Sctaol, m Holy Pamilj, S90. SI. Catbirine of Siena; 305. BoWalK, 
UadnDDSL (Btudin-plece); 994. Ilalian Sekcnl, Hadonnai -397. aiiirlaidaie, 
Hadnnoa with tbe eglutine; 80. Botifaili; St. PeKr; lOll. French Seinl 
of the 18lh tent., Jualicei 111, Clourf, Portraii; 118. 'Ptlref Brveghtl, 
Holy Family; S3. Bslhgambe, Trlail) ; BrutshU llu Eldtr. 126, Spring, 121. 
Paying taiei; 612. Ponriui (hi rnmler, Portrait ; 1003. Flemish trfptjcb ; 
ess (oppo^te), Ghutters of a triptych; lOTT. FUmtih Sdieol, Madonna; 82. 
StllifaiiAe, HTstical prUB; STB. Van Orlcy, AdiiratiOD of the H^i; 8. A'm- 
ttrfir, Ghuies V, — B91 PaUnler, John the Baptist preaching. — 1020. 
FkmitA SduKl, Satirictil subject; 318. Fraact 1A< ilder. Cbulei V. 
auoniliig tbe monaBtle habit; 983. FlemliS ScAodI, Tarqnin tind Lucretia; 
1002. Portion of a Flemish triptreh; 812, 813, M. it rot. Portraits; SIT. 
Fronct lAt Ytvnser, Christ on the way to Calvary; 318. Jfofrwe, Hl- 
donna; 999. FimHh StUool. Christ tn the bonge of Simon the Phariiee: 
G3. H. nul <fe Slei, Flight into Egypt; -Kffi. (Jer. DaM (1), Hadannai 
1011. Flmiih ScSool, Holy Family; S5. P. Griihii. Philip IV. leBon; 1032. 
Flmiih Scluol, TouDg married couple, with their patron taints, at the 
gates of the c^eslial city; lOGO. I>ulcli pottrall; 386. Httmtlttrli, Allegory 
of the Tlceai ■717. IHrk Bouu, Symbolical fountain; 1018. Dutch brmer'a 
vlfe; 1006-1009 Shutters of a Qerman triptych; 8. Ambpytr. Portr^t of 
Emp. Charles T ; 197. Iiraci can Uectram (?), jtssumpUon; SOfi. Wohl- 
gmul (71, Mocklg^ of CbHit; 951. German triptych. 

Qalbsij WioiE. This room, parallel to the preceding, contains the 
valuable 'CoUaUim ef Dramntli, formed hy the painter y. B. ITfeu- Ch- 
at LiUe in 1763, d. al Koma in ISSl), and bequeathed by him to his 

e with tbe 

dates of 

their birth. 


ES by !• 

idrta diiaarit. 


idinelli. Cm 

■oTnggli, Carlo 

Dt,M. D«nlni- 


«,, FiMgu., 


Francia. OMrlondslo, Qiolrt, 

I da Fw 

>c<, ib»l 

■.mna. Uaiuedt. 


° ^igl, 

M. SoMatu' 

irte, Cranach, BoIHIa', 

r maalers, the 

.det 8 by Titian, 196 by 
38 aacribed to iipAasl. 


■hail Ajigeh 



1 designs) 

I, and 1 


these last 

the bes 

t are: 179. Studr for 

r Athene', ill. 

Christ cro-ni. 

.| tbe Virgin, sVflch. 

■.i from , 


iw-popils, 171. 


Ite desig 

:d fur an allar- 


ce on panel 

; i58.'r 

Foly Family, 

ack of 

which I 

s an antograph 


Ler. •niian". 

family ^30). - 

)1 lection also 


'1 t™i 

>ge "Ht 

!ad of a girt. In 

i,^^one aB|V 

Bapb.-.el, but 

; more pi 


: draper] 

r of the lust 



HlVe «"k ^u 

piobsblf fdiiad io bBoidui tomb. A fen tnUqultiea, aome enunoli, uid 
t bs8Tel)«f in murble by Donatella (Bebeading of Jabn Ibe BapHil) are 
ilio eibibited heie. 

Tbe Matii Lopidairi, In tbe buemeot, cont^ns bftptliiflal taale of Oa 
13th eenl., tombilonu, etc. 

Beyond the Palaie de» Beanx-ArU, at the eoinei of the Rne 
Wsttesn, is the taatefal EngllA Church (PL F, 5 ; p. 89). The Bue 
de Valmy leada hence to the S. to tbe Plact PhiUppe-U-Bon (PI. E, 
b, 6), in which lieea s AfotiHtncnl to FaiUvr (1822-90). At the end 
of tiiB Place is the church of 8t. Michel (PI. E, U). with an inteiior 
decoi&ted with paintings (rom the life of the saint. The building 
to tbe left Is the Quarlier da Facullii (PI. F, 5), sccommodsting 
the fioultles of medicine, law, and liteiatnra of the UriiTersity of 
Lille. Farther on, to the right, &re the /nitilut IndvtWitl and the 
Inttilut detScUnceiSaturelUt! to the left, tbe Bomanesqne iVot^itanl 
Church, the Synagogue, etc. 

The Bue Jean-Bart leads E. paet these modem buildings and 
Joins the end of the BouleTard de la Liberty, oppoaiM the Ecolt det 
Aril tt MllitTS (PI. G, 5), a monumental ediflce, completed in 1900. 
Adjoining, in the BouleTard Lonis XIV, is the Jrutflul Pasitur, 
resembling that in Paris. 

The BouleTard Papin, running to the N, before the Ecole, brings 
n» to the Porte de Pwis (PI. F, 6], formerly included in the old 
fortificatiODs. Thegatewasbui]tinl685-9& in the form of a triumphal 
arch in commemoration of the union of French Flanders with Fiance. 
The iculptures were restored snd the formerly plain inner fagsde 
embellished In 1890-9&. ^___^^ 

The Rue de Pard (PI. F, d, 6) leads hencs, to the N., to the centre 
of ths old town, with its toitnous and nanov streets, passing close 
to St. Maurice (see below) and near the railway-station. To the E. 
from the Porte do Paris are the Squire Ruault, with the old Mtel 
du Glnie, and the old HSfital of St. Saveur (PI. Q, 6), Near the 
Utter are the rujus of tbe rhutch of St. Sau'enr, burned in 1996, and 
the ffobie Tour, a keep of the 16th cent, injured by the same Ore. 

The church of *Bt, Kanrioe (PL F, 4), at the end of the Bue de 
Paris and uot far from the station, is built in ths Flamboyant style 
and has been recently restored. 

Bt. Maurice ig almost tbe onlir important building !n Lille tbat baa 
suTTiveil tbe wtra of tbe mIddlE ngti. Al)Uve Ibe W. portal, wbicb baa 
bepn r«buUl, rises a floe sloDe upen-wnrli spire, Wben ibe 'W. door is 
ilsUors enter by a door to the rigbi of Ibe choir, Tba interior la 
..i.j L„ ,u, _..j.i .. .1. _„j ^^ (^g double aislea, ivbich are 
!U of iCi FolamnB. and^; iu rlclineaa 
D the Qotbic stits. 

The Bue £:>gtiermoia< (PI. E, 3). running N.W. from the Grande 
Place and continued by the broad Bae Boyale, prolongs the main 
artery of trafflc in the old town. 

churot o€ a. CaSuxriiu (PI- C, ( 
Tbe church conUias > One 

Fiom the Rae Baqnermolse we proceed thrangh tbe Kne Bkim 
(light) and tbe Eue da Olrqae (Bnt to tbe left) to Sotre-Damt-de- 
la~TrtUU (PI. E, F, 3] , s cburcb in the stjle of the 13th cent., 
dtsigned by the L.ondoii ftrchitects U. Clatton end W. Bnrgea, and 
begun in 18Ci&. Tbe building was planned on Bo_einbitioiie a goale, 
that little baa been completed. — The Rue Basse leads farthei on 
tow>,nls the Li/c£t Faidiurbe (Fl. F, 3), which coataini a Natund 
History Muieum (adm, 10-4). 

In tbii Delghbonibood are the itaiii Oomnurclai (Kne da I.ODbBid 3i 
open 1(H) and tbe FtrU de Roubaii: or SI. Mauria (PI. E>,3), built about 
1630.11), but altered in lETTQ. 

To the N. of the Lyc^e Is the Place St. Martin, with quaint old 
houses. Farther on, at No. 32 Kne de U Honnaie, Is the Boipict 
Comtase (PI. F, 2, 3), founded in 1230 by Jeanne, Gonnteag of 
Flanders, but dating in its present form from the 15th century. To 
the K. is the PaiaU de JusUct (1837), situated on the Basse-Deaie, 
a canal spanned a little farther on by the curious Pont-;V«u/'(1701). 

The Haiti osz Sucra (PI. E, 2), close hf, cunUiss ao IndailHal Hu- 
uum. npen 10-i (Tnes. 3-4). — The EfUu de la Maditri^ (PI. F, aj, a domed 
ebiuch Id the Oreek alfle, contains a paistilig b; Rvbtiu (Adoiitioa of tbe 
SbepbecdaJ and Que bf Fan Dyci (CrgdEiion), both ipoUed by reitoration. 

screen, etc. — The CHaprl o/ lAi PiAUc HoipUai (71. ^, P, 1), eloie by, 
coDtalni an Adoration of tbe Bbepberds by Vm Dfck. — Tba eboieh at 
Bt. Axdri (PI. D, 2), an 18th ceot. building Id tbe Bmi Roysle, eontaUi a 
flne CAntemporoTj pulpit, busts, palntin^^ etc 

The Esplanade (PI. D, 2-3} extends In front of the Citadel (no 
admission), which will soon ha tbe only lolio left of the fortiflcatioua 
of Lille built by Vsuban. At the N. end of the Esplanade is a bronze 
BUtue, by Th. Bra, of eeneral Nigritr (PI. D, 2); farther to the S. 
li a JIfiuJc Pavilion (military band en Sun. A Thurs. aftemoons in 
■ummer) ; and at the end of the Boulevard de la Liberty (p. 90) is 
the Pare Vauban (PI. D, 3, 4~), a pablio garden In whloh concerts 
are given In aommer (adm. 50 c). On tbe other «lde of the canal, 
to the left, is the Jardin de la Citadtlle (PI. 0, 2), continued by the 
Bols ck la DedCe (Caf^-ResUorant), 

The BouUaard Vauban (PI. G, D, 5, i), beginning at the park, 
pasaea in front of the Palais Bameau (exhibitions, etc.) and the 
CoUige Librt St. Joteph, Meat this point, to the right of tbe BoulO' 
yard Vanban, rises the hage new Catholic ItMlifaU (PI. 0, 4), ih 
the Gothic Btyle, to which Sre faculties are attached. 

Tbe church of Soln-Dant-ie-ComclaHan (PI. B, C. 1) has a rlcbly 
adorned interior and a curious pulpit, representing a ship In full sail. 

From this neighbonrhood we may return to the centre of the 
town by the tramway [comp, the Plan). 

Trom Lille (Calais) lo ValoKimtut, Aaltwyi, Htritn, sad Sonet, see 
pp. 87-66, 99, ICO, 

Fbok Lilli tu TuuiHtl (BinaMla), IH ■., nilvav io lO-K mln. (tuei 
2 tr. 7B, 1 ft. »S, 1 fr, 30 c.l. ThU liae diversis ahet i thort diatuiee 
frnna the llnu InDnnal ^.aiVtltatAenaee. — i'fiX. SelUmmu (p.BT)i5M. 

Trok I.illk to BaiHDiiK (Alibe.ille) , 25 M., r«Jlw»T in 1-1'/, hi. 
(tires 1 fr, 80, 3 fr. 10 c, 2 fr.). — The line ikirw the 3. of Lille, hslting 
at the three Pcrlii. — &Jt. Leea, a loim with 9500 inhab., ii ailuated near 
an mnifent OiateTcian ibity, w>d to have been founded in IIJO bi SI. Ber- 
nard, And now uaed u i priaon. — 6 11. Baubourdia, with 61S^ inbth. 
(braneh-llne to SI. iiuirt-lii-IA'li, p. 9H) 10 U. tTiwWn, juncUoa for Leu 
and Armentiires (see p. IBJi 12 V. Doa-SalagMa, juncUon for Lena (see 
p. IB) ud Seclin (p. ell), leu. LaBattit, aamsli induatrial town, on the 

— lai/j K. FilolafB«. Branch-line lo Bullj-Qrensj (aee 'p. 18). — » m! 
BtlAwii, Bee p. IB. 

Fboh LiLti TO Train, Sai/,lI.,r»ilwaT io ii/j-ai/ihB. (fareaStr. «0, 
a fr. flO, 1 fr. TO e.). From Lille to (4 M.) ia Madtltite, tee v. 99. — 13 M. 
Oonanea (BS'ildf, Trois Rvii), with 8139 inhab., the lait French station, 
was the birthplace of Philip de Cnmines (lUA-lSC^), the celebrated ehron- 

Fran'cs «nd BelBram. - It M. Comina (BelniaiJ sUtion), with the eulom- 
hoose. — 2ai/i M. yprti, see p. 18. 

13. From Amiens (Caiais, Boulogne) to Ch&lous-sar- 
Hame (Bak) vi& Laon and Bhoims. 

ISt H. Railwit in 3Vr6'/< brs. — From CaUia aid Bouloen* to Amimt, 

- - " ' - From AmleDS to Laai, 87 M., in I'/j-S'/i t" " '" *" '" 

8tr. 10. Sfr. SOc.1. — Prom Lud Io RlAnu, 32 11.. in ]-li/i hr. (5fr. 80, 
a fr. 9G, a fr. as e.}. — From Kheims Io CMltat, W> H., in (W min.-IVi hr. 
<« fr. to, t fr'. 30, 2 rv. SO c). 

This lino forma put of th 
uid Italy vlK Btle ud the SI. (^tthaid. The day-service, lesTing Loadon 
at 2.20 p.m. tind Boulogne (Qare II&ritlme| at 6.31 p.m., proceeds beyond 
CbUons, Tlil Ckaamonl and Bclfart, reaching Bile U 6.30 a.m. The night- 
aerrice, leiTinf London at 9 p.m. and G^als at 12.b8 a.m.. pFOceedn vis 
Chllnns and Sancu, reichlne B&le at 5.JS p.m. (Cares from London to B^lc, 
4(. ISa. lid., 3t. li. 9d., no Sri. cl.-, single tickets are valid for U d>;a). 

more dbed, Une runs viS Calaia, Lille, Donai, CuabrU, St. ^uenUn, and 

Amima, see p. 26. — We diverice to the left beyond Aniietii 
(mm the hue to Furls, md cross the line hom Paris to Airas. — 
6 M. Btaniy-OUiy. lO'/a M. VUltri-Bntonneux, m tiiduattial town 
with 4967 inhab.,' was the sneue ot one of Che main eugssemeiite in 
the bittie of Amiens (see p. 27), in which the French Atmfe du 
Nord was routed. — The fertile district of Santtrre is now traversed 
and seieral small «tstious are passed, including (_20 H.) Botiin*, the 
junction for Montdidier ttnd Albert (p. 71). — SSVa M. Chuulnes 
has also a station oo the line from Paris to Camhcai (sae p. 72). — 
29 M. little is a small town of considerable antiquity, with a ohuroh 
partly in tlie Romanesque style of the 13th century. 

361/2 H. Euu (BSta de Fraaee), a small town (3300 inhabOj^ith 
a CattU dating from the 13tli cent., the donjon of which, WO ft. 

BuDiEiK's Northen France, 4th Edit. 7 

98 Bouu 13. L& fe:re. 

broad and 110 ft. high, has Trails 36 ft. thick. Here Lonia Napoleon 
wae confined, after the failure of his attempt at Bonlcgne, ftom 1810 
till hlB eacapa In 1846. The chnrth of NoUt-Dame, partly BomaTi- 
esque, restored in the ISth cent., the Library, and the Btlfry, lormerty 
■ church-tower, may also bo noted. A atatua of Qcntral Foy (1776- 
1826), who was born at Ham, stands in thePUoe da !'Hfitel-de-Ville, 
where also is a small Muiie. 

Beyond (i^ M.) Flavy-U-Martd (1946 inhab.J wa Join the line 
from St. Qnentin and follow it in the direotion of Paria. 

49 M. Tergnltr, see p. 105. Here oui lino tnrns to the E. and 
crosses the Orotat and OUt Canalt and the rivei Otic 

521/3 M. Lft ?iie (HStel de lEuropt), ■ fortified town with 
6000 iuhab. on the Oise, was bombarded and taken by the Germans 
In 1870, It has ■ school of wtiUery founded in 1719. The EgliH 
St. Montain (15th cent.) contains the tomb of Marie of Luxembonrg 
(d. 1&46]. The Mtuie, on the Esplanade, oontains about 500 paint- 
ings bequeathed to the town by the Countess d'H^riconit (d, 1875), 
few of them of great value and seTeral injured by tlie bombardmeut. 
It Is open to the publio on Sun., "i-i; on other days on application. 
Catalogue, 1 fr. 

Rook A. iS. SalnUcr Xsu, Deliverance of Andntmeda; 332. /. ran 
RuyidaO, LandBcape 3 86. OiuHa Kmaano, Triumph of HepWne ; 3SS. S, wn 
liaMdae!,SkMets; m ifiittniia, Landscape! 3- i/uercMao, Bape orCblarls, 
mS. A, iraiaeru, Fl <ite-p layer , 313. ffdUifu, Adam and Btci 194. Fan 
Sckappm, Portraits. — 961. lf«M.c, Dinner ai the farm. — aft UppL Holy 
Famity; IBl, 133. F. BruifM, Landscapes (on eopper|-, 2U. De Vriaidt, 
The Ten Virginsi IIJ. Dt Craytr, Heeling. — Koohb B. and C. unimporlanl. 

ROOH D. 2(0. /. rinct (1911-1603), LandicapE; 137. P. SWI, Mitacla 
ot the loaves; 36i. C. ViiiotB-, Kaker q( koucks-; 311. licUchn-, Inlertorj 
°«8. Wartffli., Doel; 8M. VtrlMi, Interior; as. U. Ik Vol, Kylbologleal 
scene nr Pan and SrFini; 336. S. ^uyidwl, I.andicape (fBBl)) 11. An. Car. 
racci, Chaiilji288. ffobbtma, L„nii6npe. — Italian ScK«>l. 81. Nalivily, 60. 
AnnnnciaUonj "m. Van Bntslentamp, Dutch interior ( Ka.ffofWus, AnBun- 
oiatiun, Sallvily, Aduraliun of the Bagi {triplycb). — 116. fan Balat, Pro- 
digil Son; i'M. Mm. Ltbnin, Mme. Adelaide, aoat ot Louis XVL; 315. 
OnuHDOnct, Landscape with animalai 'iHi. TFbarf, Dolch Interlort 131. 
'VthKfBnegM, Cnming ibe ford ; iMK. D. Tntirrt. lotorlors Ul. a.mam, 
I^ndscapei 323. Fob Ramlfm, Portrait; 311. VaaSdurcl, Uagdalen praylBg; 
e. BeUini, lUrriage of St. Cathacine} 31. Oo«(, Adoralion of Ihe Magi. OT. 
JlaUm School, Huly Family. — 199. BduU. Scoarglng of Christ! ItS. Wohl. 
(Tsnuf, Descent rrom the Cross; 80. ifaralU, Ecce Homo; 41. Parmiglaititu, 
Marriage of 81. Catharine; 37. ft-. (V™«a, Holy PaBilly;S6. ft™*, Charity. 
— Room E. 283. Van EiBmtert, Beading; SiM. Imciu tm Zeydn, Cracl- 
fliion. Also, various aniiquilies. 

From (56 M.) Va-tgny a brauch-Une tnns to (ISl/s M.) Derey- 
MoTiien (p. Ill), through the valley of the Serrt. 

67 M. Laon, see p. 108. — Beyond Laon several small stations 
are passed, and the Aitat and the fiuipjx are cioEEad. 

99 M. Slielsu, see p. 117. The throngh- trains to Switierlaiid 
do not entei the termiuuB at Rheims; passengers fOr that town change 
carriages at the station of BS}itny. 

Beyond Rheims the line ascends the valley of the Veiie to St. 
Ililaire, traversing the monotonous plains of the Haute Champagne. 

AKMBNTlSlBES. 14. Roau. 99 

— i07>/s M. sultry, nowd foe ita wine. — To the left of the stttian 
of {117'/2 M.^ Mourmelon Elretchea the immeiiae Camp de Chdloai 
(29,660 acres), established In 1857 by Ns^poleon III,, and befOie 
1870 a teTylmpottant milltar; centre. II is still used foe mauiEuvies. 

— At (124 MO Si. mialTC-aU'TtrnfU the line to Meli via Verdun 
diverges to the left (p 13?). We cross the Rhine and Hame Canal 
and the Maine. 

134 M. CUlou-inr-Xarne, u 

Prom ChUons Ibe Swin upressea eo on la (IS! M.) BUtmt, 

™" 1.) CSowwnl, «e pp. 306,30*; Ihenca" "" 

i Ibence to (38J IT) Bin via Umhat 

B^ftrt, ac 

14. From CalaU (London) to Nancy (StraBBbnrg) viA 
Lille, Talenciennea, Hirson, and Longnyon. 

801 a. RiiLwii, direct in summsr in UVi bn. — From CEilali to Uitt, 
eaV> M., In iV<-3Vi hrs. {f*«a 13 !'■ 10, 8 fr, 10, b fr. 35 c). — From Lilla 
lo rofcarfama, 2SVj M., in I'/j-aVi hra. (5 fr. iO, 3 fr. 6i, 3 fr. 30 c). - 

(/»M« »bout 87, 35, IB fr. 30 c). — From Lowbm to Sancy bf itaie route, 

LaoB, Bheimi, aid ChllnnB (B. 13), starting at the Ume himVbul arriving 
ahoul 10.BO a. m. (lare? 93 fr. 10 aaS 6i fr. 90 c). 

Cniali, see p. 3. — From Calais to (38 M.) Haitlrouck, «ee 
pp. 16-18. We leave the line from Paris to Arras on the right. 

46'/; H. Balllenl (Faueon), a cnrious and picturesque Flemish 
town with 13, 530 Inhab., largely engaged in the production of hand- 
made lace. The belfry of the Hdulde VUlt dates from the 16-17th 
cent., the chnioh of Bt. Vaait from the 14th and 17th. The Mmfe 
contains a small eoUeetion of pdnUngs and antiquities. 

531/3 U. Aimentiiret IH6ttl de Paris), a prosperous manufactur- 
ing town with 20,400 inhab.. Is situated on the Lys, neat the frontier. 
Its prindpU products ate cloth and table-linen. Railway to Lens 
(Airas), see p. 19. 

paaalni ibe amall towns of (6 K.) I^ttniit. (Si/i H.) La aorgai-Eilafru, 
and (IB'/i M.) SI. Vaumt. — Another branch rnna to (9Vi M.) Cantai, 
(p. or), vit (IVi H.) Born-Una aid (3 K.) Li Teuqi^, Hit frontier.stallons. 

From (61 Vz M.) SI. Andri-tis-LlUt a branch runs to Haabourdiii 
(p. 97). — 63 H. La MadeUine, an industrial place (12,360 inhab.), 
whence a branch runs to YpreE (p. 18). — We cross the Deflle and 
join the lines from Tournai, Valenciennes, Paris, and B^thuue. 

66V2 M. LiUe, see p. 88. — From LUIe to (OH M.) TalanoienneB 
in the reverse direction, see pp. 87, 86. 

Beyond ValendeiinOB we leave the line to Maubenge (p. 107) 
and to the left, the line to Le Gateau yik Solesmes [p. 107) and the 
Canal of the Scheldt to the tight. — 99 M. Ze PoMer, with iron- 
works. — lOO'/a M. Maing-Famari. Famari (Fanum Uartls) oncnpies 
the site of a Roman colony, eicaTattons on which in 1824 yielded 
no fewer than 30,000 objeota {Jewels, coins, trinkets, etc.). 

100 BoHtc 14. HnfflON. 

108 M. Le 4ii«iti07 (H6iel du arand-ParU), r foctrees with 3880 
iiihsb., belonged successively to fialnault, Burgundy, and Austria, 
before the Treaty of the Pjceuees united it flu&Uy with France in 
1659. Of its numerous sieges the chief ia that of 1793, when tbi: 
AuGtriane captured it after a bombardmeiit of teu days, wMcli laid 
two-thirds of llie town in ruins. It waa, however, recovered by the 
Itepublioan troops in 1794. After the battle of Waterloo the Dutoli 
garrisoned Le Quesnoy until 1818. About II/4 M. to the N.E. U the 
small Chdttim dt PoUlit, a well-preaerved rello of the 14th century. 
— Railway to Cambrai and to Bavay, see p. 73. 

We neit traverse the Foretl of Mormal, and beyond (116 M.) 
Berlaimoal (p. 107) cross the Sambrt. 

US M. Au'noye (p. 107). The railway coDtinues in an E. 
direction. The canalized Sambre is crossed, and the country traversed 
is plntnresquely diversified. — Several small stations. 

125 M. ATssnai (H6ta du Nard; Cholet, at the sCattou), on the 
Hclpt, a town with 6200 inhah., and at one time fortifled, suffered 
severely in the wars of the 16-I6th centuries. Tlie Churcli of St. 
Sicholat (13-16th cent.) has a tower 200 ft. high. The FondaUon 
VBUm contains a small museum of antiquities, etc. Wool-spinning 
is an acdve Industry In the neighbourhood, nenteriTig at Avanetla, 
the neit station. — Railway to Sars-Poteriea (Maubeuge), see p. 108. 

135 M. Fonrmies (HSt. 4^ la Providrrati det MtsiagerUt; Brand 
B6td), a town with 14,083 Inhab. and an active wooUen Industry, 
Is the Junction for Valenciennes vli Manbonge (see p. 107). — 
1371/2 M.Anor (p. 111). 

143 M. Hireon (Bufftt-Eolel; Hotel de la Poile, good), a. town 
with 74'il Inhab., on the Olse, is noted for its basliet-maMng. 

Fbou Hiksuk to AkACNK-LvcQUC, 381/1 H., laUwi; In ii^-1V< br. 
(fares Sfr.SS, 4fr. 70, 3h. Sc). — 8i/i M. ^«(vifon, at the eonfiueoce of 
tbtifi*t and the TkDil, l< engaeed in wool-aplnDlnf. iVIiTt. Bumignt hu 
a chitaan of the Ifltli century. — 16 H. Llart I9 :ha junction of (ha line 
[rom Laon to M^il^res (p. HI). — 38Vi »- .inairna-^iKjv^, ,et f. IX. 

The railway beyond Hirson traverses an undulating country, 
dotted with iron-mines, slate-quarries, and factories. — 144'/2 M. 
St. MUhelSougland. The rich abbey of St. Michel Is now repre- 
sented by Its church, dating from the 12th and 16th cent., and some 
buildings of the 18th oentury. — 164 M. Le TremUols. 

A narrow lauee railway runs bsnce (0 flVs H.) Kscrai (mUl <(« 
Omnneree), a fottlBed (own wltb 3100 iobab., altnated on a plateau abcut 
1300 ft. above the lea-lerel, B U. to the W. It <• noted for a brilliant 
vlclory won by Cand^ over the Bpanlardg in 1613, but contalol nothing at 
intereal. Diligence to Revia, tee p. 113. 

The slate-quarries of {I66V1 M.) Rimogne are the most Important 
In the N. of France. — 173 M. Touttus (p. 111). — The train passes 
between M^zi^res and Chaileville. 

178 M. HiiiirM-ChKrlevme, see p. 127. —Continuation of (lie 
Journey to (231 M.) Longttyon, and thence to (301 M.) iVaneji, see 
pp. 127-132. 





16. From Paria to Namor (Libge, Cologne). 
». Ti& et. Qnentin, MaDbsoce, uid EiqnoUsM. 

[Parii -Mont-Itnitseli.) 

(p. 100, 
car ■ - 

IDE tbrmigh-eipreM,' with iccond-cl«3S carriae'el. - For farther deUJll "t 
St. Denia, Chintilly, Md Dtber plica uEsr Psris, «fe flofd.ter'i Farit. 

Shortly after the fortlflcatlonB are passed, the line to Soissoni, 
I,son, «tc. [p. 115) diveigei to the right. 47^ M. 51. Dend, with 
the toirei of Its neir church con^picnoui on the right, and the ttrwer 
of the cathedral farther off. The lines to Amieiw and to Le Trtfport 
viA BeaoraiB (pp. 2&, 32) direige here to the left — 6 M. Piartfitte- 
Stalni. On the right rises the Fort de Garches. Beyond (22i/iM.) 
Orry-Coyt the train etossea » viaduct, 130 ft. high. Below, to the 
light, on the banks of a lake, ia the small Chateau de la Seine 
Blanche, on the ails of a chateau once occupied by St. Lonis and 
Queen Blanche. We now enter the Forest of ChantiUy. 

251/2 M. CluuitUlj (Bittl du Orimd Condi; itAngleterre etc), the 
Uret stopping-place of the through-trains, a town wit^ 4791 iahab. , 
famous, eepectally in the 17th and 18th cent, aa the residence of 
theCondfa. Thewell-knownKace Coune la sitnated near the atation. 
Farther off are the extensive Stable! of the Con dria (ISth cent.), and 
the two OiSteaux, with their fine Pari. The main •Chiteau, with 
its magniflcent art-collections, was presented to the Institutde France 
by the Due d'AumaJe (1822-97) and is open to viaitors on San. and 
Thnre. in innmeT, l>om 1 to 5 (except race-daya). For details, see 
Baedeke^i Farit. 

Pboh CHAKtttir TO CBiPr-K«-ViioiB, 231/1 M., railway in 1 tr. (farw 
tfr., afr. 70, 1 fr. 80 f.). Thil brmcli diverge! lo ihe righi heyond 
the viaduct meoUored below, - 8B.J5™li> (iTJlfiWM-icilKiJ, the Eumoti 
aniai S^InmrcUnjiun, litoaled oa t)ie ]fJnilU, U a p)eBB^Ql little to»n 
with Tlia inhah., which Is frcquenllj mcntigned Id mediEC»al hiilnry. 
Siltaen towerl nf the aalln-Rcmnn ForHfiralntis are aliU preacned. The 
Qothlo • <:alhtiral. a himHBnrnrendiitgTtr'itie 12;;6lli. cent., pnsaeasca a 
portal flfBHTnoTBed with baa-rcUefs and alatDca, 'and t«'fl^quare tower?, 
onFilf which ia 360 (t. in height. T he rich facade ot t he S^ransent i1 
in a lale-Poinied atyle. The chu te heaT TS' Pm- re TVHt ccnOT-B I. eiaa - 
btura ti3lh cenl-J, and the forme rtEE cyCTimH' »f BI!'Wlfcgii(. llSt " ceal .) 
i!tvm'm\ m of Inapectlon.-^^^^'^i^Tr'CrHniaBrfWiiH,- aee^. imT* 

Beyond CbaDtllly the train crosses the vsUey of the Nonttte by 
a Viaduct , 484 yds! in length and 72 ft. in height, commanding a 
fine view. To the left is a modem chlteaa of the Rothachilda. The 
train passes through a cutting, travetaing the qaarries of S(. jtfari- 
mifi, which yield excellent building-stone , and soon crosses the 
Oite. To the right is another handsome modern chateau of the Rotb- 
scbilds. To the left are the church of St Leu-d'Essetent (p. 33), 
the line to Pontotae (p. 48), and the illlaga and manufactortea of 

102 RouU 16. COMPlfeONE. FtomParii 

Monlatairt (6752 inhab.), commanded by a handsome church of the 
12-13th cent, and > eh&leau of the i6th eentnry. 

32 H. CreU (Buffd; USUI <Jt( Ottmia-de-Ftr; du CommerceJ, a 
town with 9125 Inhab., prettily situated en the Oiae, ia an importsr t 
junction on the Ghemin de Fer da Moid. The Parhh Church is a 
hullding of the 12-16th centuries. On an ieland in the ttTer aie the 
inlns of tbe smaU CiurcA of St. Evrtmont, in the Tianeitioii style 
(13th cent.), and some remains of au aacieut royal chateau. 

Bruob-lioe to Ponloiii >nl StaumaiU. see p. 33; lo AmiOH, etc., lee 
R. I ( lo BeauraU and Li Triporl, let E. 3. 

Beyond Creil the train skifte the Olse ; the Amiens line diverges 
to the left. — 39 M. Pont'Stt-Maxence (H6t du Chemln de Far), 
with a handsome bridge, built InlT74-85, and an interesting cliarch. 

To tbe S E. p/t U ) lire tbe ImpnrUnl remains gf the Abtar' ^ Manal 
(pMlly lllh cenl. i visilorB aimitted). — Koar the slalinn ia the Forel 
iTflallaM, trarened by a road to(SytK-iFtmiiioataA{V/,]l.) SmUtlp.lOi). 

45 M. Longtieil-BU' Marit (to Verberia and EatrSea-St-Denis, 
see p. 103). — 48V3 M. Lt Meui (to Cripy-en-Valoia, aee p 104). 

b2'l, M. Compttgne. — H«t«ia. Di l» clocse, r. from i, a. n/., 

d^.3-l,'D. S'/i-B, peni. [rum 10 fr., omn. HJC; di FiiBCI, R. S, d^. 3, 
D. 3</i fr. inei. wine, pens. S>^, omn. Vifr.i Go>ks-di-Cibp, iij. 2'/'. 
D. S fr. ; DB FLaHDii, near the sUtlon, well ipoken oti di u Oa», nilb 
eafi.pem. !■/, fr. 

Oafaa. J)<[a Chielu, Place de rHdte1-de-Villei olbere near Ibe station. 

br. !■/,, S, or . . , 

(bargain desirable), 

Pott ft Ttlegrapb DfOea, Rue Hapoliion G, near the HAtel deVilte. 

Xnfliab Obnreh. St. Amlnii''i, Aienue Tbiers ; Ctaapliln, Riv. A.J. SHouill. 

"jjinii'f- on the Oitt, a town with 16,D03iuhab., was always 
a fBTourite country-residence of the monarchs of France, and ia, 
therefore, a plaice of some historical importance. Itwas here that Joan 
of Arc was taken jTrisoner hy the Fnrgandlans in 1430. A monument 
to her memory, hy Leraux, was erected in the Place de rH6tel-de- 
Ville in 1880. The tower in which she wa« conBned is shown near 
the rivet. 

Turning to the right on leaving the Elation and crossing the Olse, 
we soon reach the HSiel lit VilU, erected at the beginning of the 
16tb cent., with a f^iH^uii^eTtov adorned with modeni statues, 
above which riees a belfty, 152 ft. in height. It contains a email but 
interesting Muieum of paintings and otber works of art (open free 
Sun. & Thnts., 2-5; an Other days (or a gratuity). 

The e arly-Goth ic church of SLJasasiit, to the right, a little 
farther on^ waii "iBucTi "TTTs figdf ed in the 15th oentnry. Above the 
f acade flSth cent .") rises a tower with a RenaiBaani-e dome, 130 ft. 
higt. Tbe'eoioured marbTSTTii'tlie cBoTi' afict 'Ae^oo3"carviii»s are 
notieettble. — The church of S t. Aatoine (12-1 6th cent.), on the 
other side of the town, has a fl ffe p orta f aH d ' aoinelSlnetl^gl I'^i." f 
the HensisBanoe period 

lo Namnr. PIERREFONDS. IS. BouU. 103 

Th e Ohatbaw or Palace, Iha moallmportept, thoagh ootthemott 

dttrscti^ ediBce it ftompi^gne, sitaiced & little beyond Uie charch 
of St. HcqoBs, w as built t^G niriti in th e r^ign of Loiiis X V. In 
front of the ia^iAe next the towu is a doable caloniiade, otyvde, in 
length. The fa;sde oyerlooMng the parli is 212 jA^. in length and 
has a terrace commanding a fine lieta through an avenue in the 
foiest, neacly 4 M. in length. An hon trellieed walk, S/^ M. in length, 
leading from thts terrace to the foieet was constiuftted by Napoleon I. 
to lemiud the Empress Marie Louieeof her fsTOuiite trellis at Schiin- 
bninn; only a portion of it now exists. Loqlb Pliilippe and Napo- 
leon lU. also freqUOMtty resided at CompUgne. The chateati is Bgeu 
free ever y day from 10 lo 5 (1 1 to 4 in winter); the lippsrto merits 
rp«flf WB^fH'«<wmrfi 'op'j^ tfiTfip costodiau. 

The iDterioT it maioUloed fc al'iDoaniie stne eme%i usd^r the Empire, 
and contain much to Inletest lislton. Tbe conlenU include furniture in 
Ihe ilyle of Losis XIV., Louli SV., and Louis XVI., Sores porcelain. 
IBjKslriea, ceiliag-MlDtlDga and panels by Olrsdel, BiAoii, Cut/pil, 
Bcnlptnres, ate. The palace tisQ possesses a lar^ nambcr 
belonglDC to the Louvre eoUection, including ekamples of "" '" 
Cojrpti, Sato rt, LattfTti, J. VtnM^ etc. lo tbe Galeria dco cvvaa ace awtw 
of Sapoleon 1. and his mother, by Caana. The chapel contains some small 
works \ij Italian masters. 

The ^fyfti entered by a gate on the left as ire.ijuit the palace, 
ia embellished with statues. The Forest of Camf&gne, which is 
intetsected by 36dcoadi and paths and URTirs^anybefiL^fiil walks, 
ia 36,270 acre! in area and 5 9 M. in ck cnmference. 

Branch-rallwaTs lead fro* TRmpieEne to r22i/; M.) Host IFeronne 
and Cambralt p.73i and to fia M.) Soidoni (p. 115). by the valley at the 
Aiiat, direrging from the line to VIllerB-Colterets at (4 M.) RftAaodci. ~ 
Brsnch-llns from Compiiene to Cltrm<mt and Biauvofi, see p. SS. 

"■--< GOHI-llEGNE TO TlLLBBS-CoTTiaarS VU PiKSBEFOHDS, 33 M., rall- 

WmtWrlfr.lO, atr.BO, Ifr.aOc). To Plerrefondl, lO'/jM., 
in »a5 min, [fares 1 fr. 90, 1 fr. 30, «> cT- "ThenSie crosses 
anTwrrertEe forest (0 the E. and S.E. — Vfh M. Kemhnj. 
(HOKi a« Baini, with baths, R. from &, B. IVi, ii), S'/i, 1> ^Vi, jienTIWffllW, 
DDiD. >/> f'i Bittl da BlTonetri, opposlM the chttesu and near the station, 
iti. 8. D. SVtfr.i du Aitea, CueCamoli i<> rEnftr, Bne VialletOe-IlQC', 
Ca/i-aaUnmmldmLac, racing the lake, d«j. S'/i, O. S fr.j, ptettilf situated 
on a small lake aad poMesUnf a mineral spring, Is ehlelly inleRBling on 
acconot of lis magnlBcent *Fsud*l CiLfiLE (open lO-t or C]. This buildlne, 
which stands on a rocky height "dTldwTtt! vil I St c , - w M "WBC led In 1390 by 
Louis of OrUana, brother of Charles VI., and was one of the strongest 
and handiomest of Ihe castles of thai period. It was besieged four times 
b; tlie Toyal troops, and was at length dismantled in 1917, During the 
RsTOlntlon ii was gold, and It was afterwacds purchased by Hapalaon I, 
II was restored by ViollMr-Dac (d, 1879), and now belongs lo ihe naUon. 
At the corners and In tbe centre of each side rise massive InrrpttiaJnj iflgarii 
(eight In all), imt. in height, with wallB lfi-2U n. tliick. The enlrance is 
on the S. tide, Tlddonjon,, withUsii«h..<3ei::tirairnni, comsys an sicclleni 
idea of the iplendour of a mediiFY&l leiidal lord. Above the nre-plate In 

Tomyrls, Tanqua, FenthesHei, Uenelippe, Hi]>palfla, and neifeiDma. ^ 

, ii'h B 

104 BouU IS. NOTON. From Paris 

cent., reWna, boireTtir, bd nllu b[lu culjgTutBeu. Hen, Id Sfi8, Ethel - 
wolf of Bogluid minied Jndltb, the diugMer of Charles ttie Btli. Tbe 
churcli <l«te» in part from (he iS-iaih cenluriea. A braneh runs hence to 
Longnell (p. MG) an* {IC/i H.) Ealr^es-St-Denli (BoTes-AmlenBi «ee below). 
— 10)1. Orroug, aboDt l'^ M. (o IheK.W. of which Is Ohiunpliau, with a 
rulDBd sbiucti of (ha 13tb cent., and aome Komaa remalna (hatha, theatre, 
temple, etc). The CQtlodlan of the rulni Uvea at OrrDuj. - 21V? »■ 
Crip^-€n-yaloit, aee p. J 10. 

FBOtiC0MPi»Qi.BToAi(iiiss, leViM.. r^lwayln 2 hr«, (fani Sk. 20, 
6 fr. 60, 8 ft. 80 c). ~ 9 H. Etlr^-EI-DmHi, tormerly chief town of 

of Henri IV. CBailwi; lo Terherle, see aboTe.) — 23 M, MmldidUr, aee 
p. li. — S3>;i H- Moriall, with a large ralaed easlle and tbe church and 
other rsm^m of a Benediclins prJoiy of the U-lGtb csnturlu. - At ftCUhlt.) 
Beta we join the railway rrom Paria to Amieu (p. 2fi). 

67M.IIoy(»nrH6i(id«WordJ. mi snidant town with 7443 Inbab., 
waa known to the RDmiiiis as IVbviodunutn Vtromoixjuoruin. St. 
Me'dard and St Elol (Ellgins) weie biebops of Noyon. Here Chil- 
peril w»B 1)011611 in 721 , Chatlamagna crowned king of the Fr»nkB 
In 768, and Hugh Ouiet elected king in 967. Noyon was th«birt1i- 
plaf.e of Calvin (1609-64), tbe refocmei, and of Jacques Sarrazin 
(1592-16(i0], psintet and scnlptor, to whom a bronze Etatue, by 

Mohlknecbt, was erected on tbe pcomenade in 1851 The_^[{^- 

tdrat, prMenting an ajtc endlnaiy h armonlons tbongh not an im- 
posing eiterior, is one of the most teiiiflful'esaniElaE in France 
of tllB..If(nsition style of tbe lT-12tb .sftutwie*- 
"^Eound and pofnte* Irchea »rni5eJ promlacuonaij, hut ihe latter Me 
the more nnmcroua. Tbe two W, towers, lUOfl. higb, are unlinlahed; tbe 
porUjiftjaitli c^nl.) baa thr?e porfalS; unfotiuDalelj mnch l^iured lo Iha 
course onTnio." In tbe inierior of the nave square pillars wiih eneaged 
columns aUrrnale with stogie colaoins. The aJslea liave galleries with 

EolDted arches, aboTC which is a trifarium with round arches. 'IhelranaepU 
ave a triforinm and two rows of coupled windows, one row Goihic, ihc 
other Soman eeque. The choir^apse is surrounded hy small circular chapels, 
reejLlIlDe, ae do also the apeidal terminations of the transepts, the cathedral 
of Touroai, whose bishop was subject lo Nojon until 1133. The chapels 
of the DBve were added in the ll-lBlh centuries. On thejl;. .side of the 
ci^nudraJ, and behind thechQir, are a CJutpter^^ijvae and the "rem^os bf a 
Goihic Cl^lp-. " ' " 

'^Mrciuany (II6t. du Pat-d'Etnht, good), an indnstrial town 
of 10,647 inbab., wltb blescb-ileldj and a branch of tbe St Qobain 
minor' works (see below). 

FeohCbiusi toLiOH'liCnKV-tE-CTlilfrau, 2«i/ill., railway In li/ihr. 
(fares 8 fr. 90, 3 fr. Bfi. 1 fr. 70 e.j. To Cevft, S'/tH. in 'h hr. (ifr.TO, 
1 fr. le, 75b.). — ax. a'netflv, with ao old porcelain -factory. From WhU.) 
"'■■"■' 'Iway mos to (6 H.) Bl. Oo6a(n, celebnted for 

.a tecs, and probably Ihe largest In Iba world 

. . . ., -ex. Folrmbray, where there ia a large glaji-work. 
ucy-le-Ohiteau (llei. da Ailnii, Pemmtd'Ori, a vlUlge famous 

.1 igel in Kurope, This huge ationghold, which covered an 
Q aq. yda., wu built early In the 18th cent, by EngDerrand HI., 
< it remained in the poBBCsaion of bia fsmily, wbo bore the 

wu dismantled it 

lU JV.rror Worti. founded In IK'S, and probably Ihe largest In 



wUn, E. VlrKTj, Hi, 3, D, S>/ 
uu (PI. b-, B, 3). Boe St. HirU 

miliUrr uDhllectuni 'compirad witb thli giint', b« bits, 'Uis lugaM 
lower* kaovn ippeu men iplndlei'. It i> 210 ft. lilgh and 100 R. In 
dlunBt«T, ud the Willi arc In lomB places SI ft. tUek. Foot amillu 
loweri, > molt, ind hleli villt ilio ptotecled the rottnu, irUcli itandi 
OD aa emlDBDce, ipproiched by loag jitup Blopai on «11 ildei bnt one. 
At (IB H.) AM't-PinM we jola Ihs lln< ttom Plrli to Lmd (p. lOS) 
Tli Siduont. 

At(81</iM.)T«Tgiii«C£ufft,- H6t. da Chemio'de-Fer) are large 
TtUway-workeliDps. Btdlvt]' fioin Amtena toRheitDB, see pp. 97,98. 
The m&ia line now quits tbe Oiee, and for same time Ekiitg tha 
Canal Orotat, irhieb jolna the Oise and the Somme. 

~ Hoteli. Do Ctqhe |P1. t; B, Sy, Rat SI. 
~ S'li [r., <DCl. wine ; de Fbuici it d'Abcli- 

,__ _. _. _„ irttn •!&! DO Coiii«ii<iii (Pi. f,B. 2). Hna 

u P>1id»^&jDiltce 37, K. AA. 3, Hi. S'/ifr.; dk u Oibi (PI. ii B, 6), 
■t tbe ItiUon. — Okfii. Orosd C<ifl. Caff de Parit. Pine it I'Hdfel-de- 


Oibi. Per drive, 3pen. SOc, S peci. 1 {r. 30, 1 pui. 1 fr. 60e. 

Serhr., IV,, 2, ot 2llilr.i .1 night (11 p.m.-6».m.), perdtiyc, Spen. I'/i. 
-i pert. 2 fr., per hr., IVi or a ft, ~ TniMwii from the itMion to the 
Bdlel deViUe, 10 oi 15 o. ; bej^md, 30 or 30 c 

SI. Qnentiti, na nndeot town with 60,278 iohah., Is sltoeted on 
Tiling giDond on the right bank of the Somiae, at the point where 
it is joined by tbe Canal de St. Qventin and the Canal Crozat. It 
canies on eitenelTo cotton and woollen manufactuiei. 

St. Quenlin w4a linown (0 the EomaM » Auftula r<r«inaBdin)nij», 

ChrlstliDltr here In the Srd eenliirr. It afterwarda became the capiul of 
tbe Coaati of Vermandala. In 1B60 il formed pan of the donrr of Hary, 
Queen of Scota, who deriied a revenue from it until ber death. In 1661 the 
Spiniirda, with thtir KngliiL, Germin, and Flemiih auilllarlei, nndei 
the Duke of SaToy. aignallv defeated (he Ptencb under Coligny and the 
ConatahlB HontmoTency near St. Qnentin. The battle waa fought on St. 
Lawrenee'i day, and II waa In gratitude for Ihla victory that Philip II. 
vowed the erection of (he Etcnriai. On the ISlh Jan.. 1871, the Frencb 
'Arm^a dn Vord' nndel F^dberba was defeated near SI. quentin by tbe 
Pnaaiani nnder Oenenl Ooabon. 

Qnilting the 8tation(Pl. B, 5), we ctoss the Somme and the Canal 
de6t.Quentln and enter tbe town. lufiontof ueislhePiaceifuffuif- 
Ocloftre (PI. B, 4), emhelliahed with a handsome Jfonttmenf. by Bar- 
rias, symbolizing tbe successful defence of the town ageinst tbe Brst 
attack of Ihe Qetmaiu on Oet 8th, i870. 

The Rue d'lele leads thence to tbe Place de I'Hotel-de-ViUe, In 
which rises the * ^"'^'timiA.p/'- Af jSJ'flf. "}( H&'^i with sculptures bjr 
C. ThevnMen (1897). On tha N. side of Ihe Place is tbe *BSUl de 
Viliem^j^ a fine Gothic building of the 14tfi_an.d IBth ccfilurres.""' 
TbeTatade consists of an arcaSe of ieven pointed acches, above which 
ere nine fine windows in the Flamboyant style, separated by niches 
originally intended for, statues and surmounted hy a tasteful balas- 
tiade and three gahles ornamented witb Tosetles. The Salle du 
Corueijg'the roof of which rests upon two clrcnlar wooden yaolts, 

106 BovU 16. GUISE. FromParU 

conl>ini a Urge and elaliDCatfl chimney-ptece, a CQilouK mittaie of 
the Gothic and the Rtn^Bsance styles. 

The 'awiicft 0/ St. JitfflKin (PI. B, 0, 3), > UtUe to the E. of 
the HStel de TiUe, ia a fine examnl e of French Gojhlc of the ^-16th 
cent., hnt is anfortunstely much mukad ty 'ofliBr' huildings. The 
navajfcjsaft. long >nd 130 ft high. The W._jott»l, which wm 
formerly idomed with etitilliij IB dfie of the olSesipartB of tho-charch. 

cboir mre emiwmshed wUti enlesdid attlned lUtt *n<) i s'i^t^ iHtorium. 
MiBj of the cb>pel9 dite fromT^ O-iE^ cent., ud, like llie elioir, «re 
ftdnrced wUh porTChrome painting. Beside Ibe Ist chknel no Ihe riglit is 

1 Tree of Jesie Id etune (Ifith cenl.) ind in Ibe chipel is ■ Bmal! IBlh cent. 
ilUi^piece. In Ibe llnd cbipel it n (reico of lbs l&tb sent (reitured), tnd 
»oms of Ibc olhera conliin interesting BcnlptorCB. Tbo Ijadr Scmn i» 
embclllslied wUb bsi-reiiefs (restored in tbe Ifltb ceot.) feferong hi lbs 
history of St, Quenlln Md bis fellow-martyrs, 88. Vlcloriens and OenUanns, 

In front of the church rises the Etatue, hy Laoglet, of Quentin 
Delatour (1704-88), the famous paatelist , who wu boin >t St. Qnen- 
tln. — Htnrl Martin, the hUlcrisn (1810-83), another natiTe, it 
coiamemoiated by i statae in front of the Lye/t (PI. B. 1). 

The huge new bailding (uaQnlshed) to die N. of the H6te1 de 
Vilte ia the Palah Fervaqves (PI. B, 3), ao called after the former 
roment whoee elte it occupies. It vill accommodate the PaUia de 
Justice, the library, and the mualdpsl offices. 

At No. 22, Bne Antoine-L^cuyer, it the Musit Lieumr fP LB. 21 . 
containing ■ rich collection of antlquitiea anc^'ortsoi art, includ- 
ing a aeries of Tat teli EyTfe Tato'ur (sae itovej.' TKe'liIuifiB 1b open 
free onThurs. & Sun., '/-a [1-1 m vinter); on other days on appli- 
cation. The public park of St. Qaentin, knovn aa the Oiianpt- 
Elyiftt (PI. C, 3), lies to the E. of the older quarters of the town. 

Fmm St. ftojiHiiB 10 GnisK , E M., riilw*! in IVi br. {fires t tr. 10, 

2 !t. 10, 2 fr. aS c). — VtW, M, SibaiKM fEUiilc). an indnslrial town with 
ano inbaUunU. — 25 M, dniie (Buffit-ffSUI; CwronwJ, an industrial town 
with T3i0inha1>,, is coinmaiidcd hj an soclenl castle, part at wbicb dales 
from the Wlh century. In 1339 the Engllsb, coder John of H^nanlt, bamad 

hlrtb-place of Camille Desmoullos {1T^-9J), Ibe revolntionary. In lbs Hue 

men's colony, includlne a PAahnilirt, or large common dwelline-bonse 
for Ibe membera, foonded about ISfiO by J. B. Qodln (d. 1883) on Ibe plan 
adiocated by Fourier. - Eailway io laim and FsiniteHKi (lee p. Ill ud 
belowi; anotber 10 Airjon (p. 101) li under conslmcllon. 

Anotber line run! to raOM.) »»tMi(V^la, Bapanme, and Acbieli p, TO), 
■it ni/r M.) Fn-mond, which some anthoritles Identify witb tbe Amguila 
r4romaBiuoruin of the Komani (p. lOS). 

1081/2 M- Bohain (HStel du Nord), an ancient town with 6839 
iohab., many times besieged and captured between 1183 and 181!i. 
— 113 U. Biisl^7 (Buffet ; Ml. di Nord). 

A branch-line runs from BuBlgny to (SB H.) Siriim (p. 100), pauing 
varions places of indnstrJal Importance, Inoludlnc tS'h H.) WiHiinK, also 

. ..,u,_ ,.- .,., „.. ,„_.... — . . 'iflnise llBe p. 111). 

pp. 71, ft. 

■ toSamur. MAUBEU6E. iS. HouM. 107 

Barond BoEigny our line diterges to the rigbt ftom the line to 
Cunbrai sod cidiug the vailey at tba Belle bj ■ lisdact 85 ft. faigfa. 

118 M. Le CatMU (^Mouton Blatu, good), a town with 10^9i In- 
hsb., on tlie Sells, with importsnt woollen and merino ipinning-mitls, 
derlTes its name tiom sn ancient chlitean, originally bnllt abont 
tlie 11th cent by the Biehopiof Ga.nibrai. A peace between Eogl end, 
Fiance, and Spain, was ligned here In 1659. 

A laUwsy runs from Le C»te»n to (18 M.) Cambrai, pvalne m% H.) 
Cfl«dry-Cam*r/ri»(80C0inli»b,). whfinco Ihere is n branch-line lofl3V.lI.) 
Lt CalilM. vii (2 X.) Catidry-jrord and (8 U.) ITaHnewrf (21IT Inbab.). — 
The railnar proceeds lo the £. of Caadry to (6 M.) Catilhi (160S inbab.). 

Lb Cateau il also a alstjoo en the line ^om ^osb to raimelmaa ria 
ffuin and Sriluiiur(«e« p. 111). 

122M. On. TheTalleyortheSam&frtia now entered. — 135 M. 
Lftndrecioi (HStd dt I'Emope), a fortress on the Sambie, with 
3866iiihab.. -wae the birthplace ot fluytefi (1697-1764), foander 
ot the Fiench power in India, who Is comioeinorated by a broriie 
statue, byFagel. — We enter the Forest ot Aformai (22,300 acres). 
— 129 M. HachetU (Maroilles). — Beyond (133 M.) Saaegnia wa 
crose the Sambre and pass aiidei the line to Valenciennes. To the 
right is the line ftom Anoi to lliTaon; to the left is Berlaimont. 

134 M. A»aaoye (Bafftt-mttlJ. 1"/* M. from the village. Rail- 
way trom Valenciennes to Hirson (Calais-Nancy), see R. 14. 

The main line continues to follow the valley of the Sambre, 
cTOSBiDg the river several times. — 139 H. Hftntmont (B6t. dti Com- 
merce), an indnstrial town with 1'2,'^8 Inhabitants. At (141 M.) 
8oui-U-Boi> the line to Mens (see below) diverges to the left. 

143 M. Xanbenge ( Buff ti- Hotel; (frond Cerf; du Xord), a 
foitresB of the first class, situated on both banks of the Sambre, 
with 20,826 inhab. , owes its origin to a nunnery and monastery, 
founded in the Ttb'ccnt. by St. Aldegonda. The veil and a sandal 
of the saint are preserved In the church. Maubenge became the 
capital of Uainaiill, and passed to France by the peace of Nimwegen 
in 1678. In 1793 the town was invested by the prince of Sase- 
Cobnrg, but It was relieved by the battle of Wattignies (a himlet 
71/3 M. to the S.), commemotated since 1893 by a Monument in the 
town. It carries on very eiiansive manntactures of tools, im- 
plements, horse-shoes, and other metal goods. The painter Jan Gos- 
aaeit (1470-1632), better known as Mabnse, was born here. 

Soui-k-Bnii iree aboTel. — l>/i M. Feign'el (Buffet) in the lul Fr«nch lUtion. 
Abont !>/■ U. to tho W. is Malplai/<ici, where Harshsl ViUua was defeated 
In 1T09 h; the Suke of Itarlborongh and Prince Bagiae, and where General 
P cbegrn rlefealed tbcDuke of Torkin 1791. — The Belgian culom-honse 
eiaminaliDn takoi plase at (BViM.) QiiSspfBnffef). Belgian time {Oreenwtch 
tima) i> i miD. behind Parialan t'me. - Beyond (IS H.) Cvema we traverce 
tbe coal-fleldB of Monn, the richest <d Belginm. — IS H. Koni (B)ta di 
la Cmrannii de CBipfrance ; Sclaniu}, Tlrm. Bit^ai. the capital of Balnanli, 
wltb9G,SO0lnhalI., has i But CaOudral lUtO-ir^}. a fidAr of 1661, tSOUl 
da VUla at the IClli cent., etc. Par failliet detallt, and tor the railway 
from Honi tO Bnissels, lee Batile*ir'i B'tgifm and Bolliavl. 


EreiiiU. The OAurc/i(iaih cent.) bugc 

Triton, whieb wt neit traierte, ia 7400 una tn extent. SAVj »■ Poormiu 
(p. ICO); »'/i B. Aiun- Cp. ill). - 83'/, M. a-ir«OB, lee p. lOO, 

146 H. Recquigniti, with miirar-voiks. — 148 M. Jeumonl 
(Imffet) 1« the last French fitation. PassengerB' luggago tomiiig from 
Belgiain ii examined 1ier«, unless booked througb to Paris. 

150 M. Erqnaline* ( Buffet- H6ltl). Luggage, not registered to 
pa«3 through Belgium, is heca eiamiiied by the Belgian caatom- 
bODSe ofScaie. Tbe lailway continues to foUov the valley of the 
Sambre. — 153 M. Thuin. — Fiye more unimportant stationi. 

168 M. Charlerol (Buffet; HSttl Bmkeien), a loanafactDring 
town and foitrese, with about 23,000 inhab. , was founded by 
Chailea II. of Spain In 1666. 

The train now paases several atationa still In tbe Talley of the 
Sambre. — 177 M. Taminei is the Juaetion fbr Dinant (29 M.), 
FleuruB (5Vl U.), etc 

191 M. NamuT, see p. 114. 

b. Vifc SoiHons, Loon, and Anor. 

195 M. Kiiiwii in TJ/.-13 iM. (fares abont 31 ft. 86, 23 ft. iS, 14 fr. 60 e. 
no tbtouih-tiikets). Trains sUrt ftom the Oaie du Nord (ses p. IIS). 

From Paris to (65 M.) Soiisom, see p.ll6. The line to I.aon di- 
verges to the left from that toRbeimB, and crosses tbe Ahne. Fins 
viewof Soissons. — 67i/iM. Crouy; il}i. Margtval. Then, beyond 
a tunnel 700 yds. long, (74 M.) VauxalUon. — 7QW.. AnUyPinon. 

t plies frcim AdIit la 
.. founded bj 31- Morftwrt 

erly celebrated for iU Abbff, founded by SI. K 

regular, wbo followed the rule of St. Augusllne. The pieieni bnlldiani, 
(p. lA) ll t>/i M, ferther'oii. 

80 M. Chaitvit-llreeL Urcol , I'/a M. to the S., baa a curious 
church of the ll-13th centuries. Tbe town of Laon comes In sight 
on the right. At (84 M.) Ctaey-Moni we join the line from Tergnier. 

8T M. Laon, — The BKavn; SUtioo i< in (he lower part of the 
town, aliout •/, K. fiom the centre {steep Mcenl( electric raUw.j In 7 min., 
10 or U t., down in I min., SS or IB c. t omnibua fiO c). 

Hetala. Oi u Hnu (PI. >-. C, 1), Etne du HoDr^, R. H/,, B. iVh 
D, ifr.i Eco-Di-Fauiai (PI. b; C. 1), ue la Bakhiiu (h. c; C, i). Roe 
DMid, pena. 8 ft. ; DC No»o (PI. i ; D. i), opp^.aile (he rtallon, penj. tij, fr. 
— Oafia. Di la CiBnM»«, Place da 1 Hdlel-<Le-Vill«, etc. 

Oaha. From lbs Btatlou to Ihe lownlfr.i per dlire JG c; per hr. 
I'/ifr. (:!fr. beyond Ihe oclrid-Uiiills). Double tare after 11 p.m. 

Laon, with 16,434 inhab., ia the capital of the department of 
the Aline and a fitrtreis commanding the 'TionSe de I'Olse', The 



to NamitT. LAON. 15. Routt. 109 

town ie iuili in tbe midst ot an eitansive piaiu, on s long, ieoUted 
hill mnning E. and W., with m elongiited spur stretcbing to the 8. 
aud bounding the curious valley mentioned at p. 110. 

dtimm. II WIS 1 favourite Tuidence ol Ihe later CaroHiiglin kinei. Prom 
befon nOO until 1T83 it wl! Ihe seat of a bishop, second la tank lo Ibe 
Archtilsliop of Sli^nis alone 1 and in Ihe middle ages III history la mainlT 
— , — ,^ ,v ._.... ., .. ,< ,1, 1..V,.. The English — 

suffered aeverel 

-elT in the later religious 
1, Napoleon was defeated 

in 1S16 the Allies occupied the town afler a fortDlght's siege. In (870 Lmon 
cipilulatad to the Germans ulthont a blow, but ai the laitei were entering 
the dtidgl, a French private ot engineers, named Uenriot, blew op the 
powdsi^magaiine, killing 79 Germans and 239 Frenchmen (inclnding Um- 
aelf), and working considerable damage in the town. -^ Laon was the 
birthplace or tbe Abbl Uarqauu, who discovered the Hiaaliiinpi In 1673, 
aud of Uanhia SirvrUr (see below). 

Tbe ouTiage-road agcends in curves to the left ftom tbe end ot 
the avenue opposite the Station (Pt. D, 1); but pedestrians may 
mount directly to Jhe ('/i hrj town, by meajutiji^a etaiiwSy with 
26JUW53, in'femiptetf BJ inclined planes. "Xlittle farther "bn we 
turn 10 the left into the Rue du Bonrg, which leads to tbe cathedraL 
On the Tight side of the street is the public Library (open daily 
1 to 4 or 5, eicept Sun. & hoUdaya]! a fine Moiaic of Orpheus and 
the animsla (2nd cent. A.U.) is shown here. A short distanoe beyond 
is the Place de l'H6tel-de-VillB (PI. C, 1), eMbelUshed with a bronze 
Statue of Marshal Sirwia (1742-1819), by Doublemard. 

Tbe Rue da Bourg, continned by the Ktib Chatelaine, leads to the 
church of •NoTlasJiii'B ( PI. 1>, 3), Btlll called the Cathrdr aL A 
charch existed on this tine site at the beginning of the li^tb cent., 
but tt was burned down in 1112, and the p re^^nt hull din it . one of 
the most Interesting churchea in the N. of France, dates from the 
12-l ^ tJi ^^e^tn rlHs. It is at present undet restoration. Tbe length 
of the church (outside measurement) Is 397 fL, the breadth Across 
the nave is 67ft., acioes the transepts \^f\it-; the vaulting li 78 ft. 
high, f be 'ciiaracteriBac feature of this church is its fine group of 
loJiQ^were aiidapires. The 'fapadt, a masterpieceof pure Gothic, 
is llanied by two bold and graceful tawAU,. \^ ft, hi"''- which 
were originally suimounted by spires. The lower part of these 
towers is square, the upper octagonal, while above the buttreEses at 
the angles rise belfries of two storiee, adorned on the second story 
with flgnres of oien, in memory of the animals who dragged the 
stones from the plain to tbe site of the building. It was originally 
intended to erect two similar towers at each end of the transepts, 
but only two of these have been completed (100 ft high). Tbe 
square lantern-tower above the crossing, 130 ft. high, is now crowned 
'^" ■ tow pyramidal roof Instead of the original tail spire. 

T halBTRB HiB vies in interut wlUi tbe e 
[rldeTlntiruaVj ud ai 

whieb. Ilka 

HU Boule 15. LAON. Pram ParU 

MpanUd hr lubiUntial eTllDdrieil columns, from tbt upltB]] of whleh (all 
iculptund dUTuemlr) ileDder columns tIbc Io Ihe Tialtipg. Tbe litlsi 
___ ,..__, ,...1 ._..,. ..<. 1... 1— i-ene»lli the ttlforianii ihe cbueli it 

&ddfid in the ld-T4th C^Qcit,, but thg 'rrfU*^' 
kreades oMSe former wIdiIo-vs, date from 

■ "■ys-i.Ti" <" 

Tbe E. md o f the atJTf, piercejbi a roie-wlndofl-inif 
lows, "lisq iSi-J,- !fl-ln English citBSti'alS, a foltn which 
- — - -'—■■-- -' "'J iloeei* and Is lald lo be due to tbe Inn^once if 

111 J reonrs 
_- . in^c— ■' 

(he 8, portal. The slainad fjfss In the rjise-windowB tind in the window* 
OD ttieS. tide Is good. Tbe c yyej wdnJcn pulpll'ditu from (lie Ben^uance. 

The PataudeJuiUct (P\~D^2J, W the left of th» choii, ms 
formerly the Dieaop'i palace (l9th£eat.). It retains s few recounts 
of » O^^ Mp ftnU tpt and a Eahteiianean chapal. 

The Roelle 3ea Templlats, the lecond street to the right of the 
Kue dit Cloitre beyond Notre-Dame, ieads Into a atreet running rrom 
the Place de rH5tel-de-Ville to the CitaMJVl. E, 2 ; uninteteittug). 

Opposite tb* 'Ruelle'ia the MiTerE"5ElT);7),"jii' » building at 
tbe Bide of a g&rden surrounding a Chapel of the Temptajjj^ til tit* 
VittiW^iiSJ- The Mnsde is open to the pil^TTr'on Thiurj. t San., 
l^{l-4 in vinter); on other days on application. It contains 
antiquities discovered In the neighbouThood, small bronies, antique 
vases, and some ancient and modern p^ntings. Tlie marble itatue 
of GabrieUe d'Estrtfes (d. 1G99], mistress of Uenri I V, is notevoitbr. 

From t^ia .ftom(nda« (PI fl^ p , 2) to the S. of the Mub*b a 
eh arming'* View is obtained of the opposite side of the bill of Laon. 
The hill here, 'wltli its steep sides, encloses a V-shaped vsller or 
ravine, partly wooded and partly covered with gardens and Tineyards, 
whteh is known as the Cuot de St. Vincent (PI. B, C, 2). The 13th cent. 
Gothic gateway seen iteiB(PoxlfJLAsiisni Pl.£i2)is areUoof tbe 
early fortiflcations. Farther to the W. is the PrSfeclare (PI. 0, D, 2), 
in the former A.bbaye St. Jean. A street leadi hence to the Place de 
I'uatel-de-VjIle, near which is the Foile des ChenittlUt (PL 0, 2), 
another 13th cent, gateway (restored in TS9o). Tlther' interesting^ olil^^ 
huildiii^ are to be seen in different parts of tbe Rue' 
S^r urier, Moe. 7, 33, 53). ~ 

I'^eirue'SL'Tiait anf iCue St. Martin lead from thePlace de THAtel- 
de-Ville to the CHoacH ofjSi, Miapn (i'l. il, 1, 2), at tbe other end 
of the town, an ancient collegiate church in the Tj^nsitinn style, with 
two transeptai towers, built I n ^hf 13th. century. In 'tbelnterior, to 
the right of the enhance, is a tomh iti black marble, with a reflnmbent 
Etatue, erroneOQsly described as that of a Sire de Coucy (p. 104). The 
white marble tomb opposite has a flne statue representing the widow 
of one of the Sues deCoucy, who dibdaa an abbess in 1333. Ajikaul 
on the S. ^ide^of ^e nave, with a^sfgne screen of (bfl.QuuJssance 
perlo37'con tains an Ecee Homo of the IGlh century. The modern 
pul5it.and the ancient choir-stalls deserve notice. 

Behind ilie cKurch are (he r^effj.p*!. Tt, 2) and the ff fiM-n iea. 

loriamiT. VEKTIN8 16. BotM 111 

A. Uttte fatther on, dmi the latned ForU St. Martin, It the Jfonu- 
ment da InttUutiUTt (PI. 64 B, 1, 1), ralBed in 1899 to tli« memoir of 
three schoolmaBteiB shot li; the Germans In 1870. — On the S. end 
of the heights forming the 'cuve', is the (ormer Abbagt St. Vineent 
(PI. B, C, 3), now occupied by milit&iy engineers. 

Fbom Laos to Liabt (ifiillrti-Clim-ltiHIlt), 37 Jl., in 1'/; hr. - Tbi< 
line run! viS (^1l.)Ziettt (Trsii Rvit; Chtuxl Blaae). it lilUzs fuuoiu foi 
tbs mIrKulDus im^e of i/alTt-Dimi-dfL<4ni, dMog from Aa 12tb unl., 
nhlcb bu long been a fivourlts objecl of pilgHoiaees. Tbe churcli wu 

(HE (21 U.) JfonleirfKr, K Email town >ritli a Tniaed mEditerol chileau sud 
remsliH of fnriiacMinns of Ihs 18th centnry. - 37 B. Eiari (p. 100) H the 
pretKiit terminugi but tbe lloe li !□ bo carried on lo Ibiirwi (1^/, M.i 
D. 100), where it will loin (he ratlwsT ^°m Hir^nn ID MMira. 

Fhoh L>oa TO VAU^JLunius, 70 X., lallwar Id 2-t'l, br). (brci 
12 tr. T&, B tt. U, a rr. ee c). ibis Hoe iirnrdB u lateriutlfe roula 
between Talcoclennej and Paris, with an eipreH gerilce (lit A 3nd el.) 
elltaec wa;. — ATlei quitting Laos a namber of uclmportant itatlons are 
PBued. Al (13 H.) tfribi-aimrl we aoss the Sim, >d srSueal of the Olse, 
and tl (% H.) Flmlgvflrarimd we enter the valley of tbe Oit: — Si H. 
Oulaa, gee r, lOB. — The Ulse li croued, ud several small atatiosa are 
pasaed. — From (.Vli U.) Waais«f, on tbe line frum Busigoy to Uiraon, 
expresa-lriios rnn direct via (10 H.) St. Souplet to Le Cateau, while other 
trains make a dalour via Bualgsy. — t»h M. La Oattaa, sea p. iOT. — 
To Itie right is the Una to Maubeoce (p. lin). — U H. SoIcmmi (Sol^l 
d'Or), a liaen-manuCact urine place wilb 6061 inhabitants. To Cambral 
and Bavay, lee p. 82. - Wo continue to traverse an InduBtrial dialriet, 
pssdne nnmerona alalions. — 65 X. Fromf-ThUnil Is the JaaetlDn for Bo- 
main via Lourehu. — 70 U. Valmdmli, see p. TS. 

From Laou lo Ataimt And lo SMuu, etc., sea a. IS- 

Beyond Leon the line to HirsDu eooii diverges to the left fconi 
that to Rbeims. Fi«m (96 H.) DercyMortltTi a bruich-line lune 
to La Fire (p. 98). We ascend the vidley of tbe ^erre. Beyond 
(102 H.) Martt the Icsla passes fiom the T^ey of the Satte lo that 
of the ruplon. — 111 M. Verrins fLicn d'Or), a towu with 3300 
iiihab., ts noted for the treaty condaded here in lfi98 between 
Henri IV and Philip U. of Spain. — 119 M. Origny-en-Vii/rackt. 
Zm) Thliracht was the Dame given to this distiict baoause fiom 696 
to 613 it fonned part of the domains of Thierry, Kingof Bnrgandy. 
Its capital was Guise (p. 106> — Tlie Talley of the TAon is now 
erossed by mean* of a viaduct, 60 ft. high. 

123 M. HiTJoa (Buffet), gee p. 100. — 126'/; M, Anor (Clache 
d'Or; de Id Qare), with 4610 inhab. Kailway to Aulnoye andValen- 
ciennes, see pp. l<X)-99. Oui line leaves the latter to the left, and 
turns towards tbe E. — 132 W. Momlgniti is the flrst Belgian station 
(custom-hooie examination). — 140 M. Chlmay (Hot. de I'Univers), 
a town with 3000 inhab., has a chateau belonging to the Prince of 
Chlmay and astatue of FfoiMart, the chronicler [d. 1410). — l&OH. 
lUaritmbourg. It»ilirayto(29V3M.)Cbarleroi,seep.l08i to(10V2M.) 
Virem., 8oep.ll3, — 1&8H. RomtrU, the junction for Chatallneau- 
Hoiialmj. — 164 H. Doiidie. Branch to Oivet (p. 113). — 166 H. 

'.-ruiage. A- '""'■"■ " ^ ' — 

,r (p. 113). 

112 Btnte IB. M0NTH£BH£. F>om Atrit 

0, Ti& Baiwont, Bli«iiiiii Mid KiiitiM. 

Z» M. BttLWAi in Stl,-lS>U hn. So Uuongh-tieketg. Firu horn Pwta 
to 0iHl*boul3afr. 2S, 33fr. Ba, 15 IT. DO c. : from GMtU to JTonwr 1 fr. 6, 
S fr. fi, 2 fr. a c. Tralos stut rrom tbe Oah daNord, though between 
SoiuoDi mnd Olrel tbe Chemln de Per de I'Ksl is IrBTeried. 

From P»tis W (164 M.) WHiirei-aarlcriUe, see RR. 16, 18d. 

The r»ilw«T »oon begins to dMcend thE pictureeqae •V»2ley of tb* 
KeuH. At tlie W. eitremLty of the Ardinnti, > region fonnerLj fmnom 
forlU foreiU, knd eonlilnlnB on this aide hills nearly fa» ft. bigh. Tie river 
purines its c»prieion» conrje between iofly alsle-diDs, raising their steep 
wood-clld ilDpei to the heigM of Be>eril hundred toet, and often »ppro»cb- 
log so close u to lene uo lOOm eien for > foolp&lh beside tbe river. Tbe 
[SilHar-JourDey through Ibis besutiful region is very latereatlng and coin- 
train crosses and recrosses tbe meandering stream. Some of the Bnest 
points, moreorer, aie passed in tbe train bj meus of iDODels, so tliat it Is 
advisable to visit fbem on fool, '.g. tbe country helvreoo Honthennd and 
Fnma;, aod the n^gbVourliood of Binaot. Tbs valle; is enlivened b; 
numerous Iron-vrorks, nail-works, and other industrial establlslimBnts. 

Tbe isilwsy dov foUowg the right bank of the Mense to nesr 
Honthermtf, traverEing the peninsols of Hont Olfmpe (eob belov). 
158 M, Nouton, picturesquely situated, with TTOo inhab., ia an 
ImpoTtant centre of the metallic Industry of the valley. 161 M. 
Joigny-iUT-McuM. — Beyond (^164 M.J Btout - Leorray tbe Una 
enterg one of the meet picturesque parts of the Talley. Tbe BoAer* 
dti Qualrt-Fils'Aymon are pierced by a tunnel 560 yds. long. 

The 'Foot Sons oC Aymon', Henand, Oulscard, Addlard, and Blehsid, 

remukahle adventures related in numerons cbansons and legends of tbe 
middle ages. Tbe^ were in the habit of riding one behind tbe other on 
tbe wonderful horse Bayard, presented to them by the fairy Oriande. 

lG4l/sM. Monthermi-Chateau-Begnault-Bogny, Industrial lil- 
leges on the right and left bank. 

Xonthermt (^dCsl de te Patx, by the bridge), with Wi Inbab. and 
eileailve aUte-quarries, Ilea abont 3 H. to the N., bnt a tramway |30c) 
runs from the station to Lavuliim, I'/t «. on the way, Tbe rUlage occn- 
piea a peculiar site, at the head of a loop formed here by the Veuse, not far 

Tbe beidits of Ibe n^ghbouring peninsula command flue views. We 
may deicend thenee, on the S.W., to the station of (8 S. )D*riltt (see below), 
A preferable route leads to the N.W. to (SVi M-) Lalftmr {see below). 

on. The route follows the Ueose, and beyond Laifonr comes In sight of th< 
fianui da Jftuii (see below). 3 U. Atiehimpi; 3 ». Xirin (p, ilS). 

The Valley of tbe Semoy, atil! mors linuons than that of the Meuse, 
offers many picturesque points, eipedally In its lower part A caiilage 
rdad traterses the French part of the valley, passing LnatdUa, THUay 
<S>/i K.), and Lu BauUi-SMiru (S H.i bolel). — The eicnrsiou ibonlil 
certainly be extended to Bohai (InuJ, tbe Brat Belgian vlUage, oi eves to 
Bonlllon (p. ItIO). 

Beyond Monthermtf station we crosi to tbe left bank of the 
Hsuae by means of a bridge and ■ tunnel </2 U. long, penstretlng 
the peninsula of Monthennti. — 167 M. Dtoitlt, with large slate 
qnairiee. On tbe right rise the line CU/ft of Laifowr. BejroDd 
(16eVjM.) Laffow are a bridge and a tnnnel, 640 yia. long. On tbe 
left are tii«Clifft oflhtDamtidtMeute. Another bridge and tnnnel. 



(0 Namur. GIVET. IS. RouU. 113 

174 M. Bavin {BH. Lolour, de la Qmt, both m the ststioa), an 
laduetHal tovn with 5038 inb*b., occupies two pBoinsulaa farmed 
by the river. It has two enspenslon-'bridgei. The Afoot Malgrt- 
Tout (1310 ft.), to the E., commands i splendid ilev. — A diligence 
(It/jfr.) plies from Kevin to Boerof (p. 100). 

The railway crossee the Meuee once mote and traverses the Isth- 
mus of Kevin. A subterranean canal about 600 yds. long also crosses 
the isthmus, cutting off the circuit of 3 M. made hy the river. 

180 M. Fnmay fHStel dt la Qate), a town with 6670 inhab., is 
situated about ^4 M. to the N.E. of the station (omii. 25o.), on an 
oval-shaped peninsnia. Besides lion-worts, it possesses the largest 
si ate- quarries In the valley. The handsome Church is modern. 

Iteyond Fumay the train enters a long tunnel and emerges on 
the bank of the rivet neat the town. i^ZW. tiayhea. 187 M. Virenc- 
Molhain is the junction of a line to Charleroi via Marlembourg 
(p. 111). In the distance (left) appears the picturesque ruined 
CkSteau det Bitrges. — 189 M. Au6rio*s. A little fatthet on the 
river makes another bend, cut olT by the railway and a partly sub- 
terranean canal. Wo approach Oivet by a tunnel below the citadel. 

194 m. Qlvet {Buffet; 'Grand BSUl d'AnjEelore, K. from 3, 
B. 11/4, d<!j. or I). 3Vafr. inci. vrine; Jtfont-d'Or, K, 2-4, B. 1, 
D. 3</2 fr., incl. wine), with 6950 inhab., is situated on both banks 
of the Mouse, about '/j M. to the right of the station. The fortiSca- 
tions vers demolished in 1892, with the exception or the citadel of 
OtarUmont, perched on a rock 700 ft. high, on the W. side, and so 
called because founded by Charles V. Givet became French at the 
close of the 17th century. The composer Uiliul (1763-1817) was 
boin here, and a statue was erected to him in 1892 near the station. 
The best view of the pictureai^uB town is obtained from the bridge 
uniting it with Ohti-Notre-Diime, the suburb on the right bank. 
The citadel commands another Bne view. 

At Fronultitau, 2'h M. In the E., ii tha Trou dt XicM, a curious 
cavern (aim. 3 fr.). — From Qivet an gninibas (t fr.) plies daily to <fl M.) 
and RteWiirl (see p. 111). ' ° P' e gt oes on 

Qivet is the last French station. The railway still follows the 
valley of the Meuse. The line to Soische (p. Ill) diverges to the 
left. — The Belgian custom-house is at (199 U.) Beer-Agimont. 
Belgian lime (Greenwich time] is 4 min. behind French time. The 
line to Hirsou (p. Ill) diverges to the left. ~ 201 Va M. HaHUre; 
205 H. WauUort, a much-ftequenled resort. The banks of the 
Heuse again became rocky and picturesque. On the left is the 
Ck&Uau dt Freyr (17th cent.). On the opposite bank lies Anicremme, 
at the month of the Lesse (p. 114); with the curious RocAe A .Bni/ar^i 
(from the horse 'Bayard', see p. 112). 

211 M. Dinsnt Cmtel det Potla, R. from 3, dej. V/'i, 1). 31/^ fr. ; 
•rftc (TOr; •ffui-aiwi,- H61. dei Famillea i 'Hot. des Ardcnnei), a 
town with 7400 inhab., is very pictures quel y sitoated at the base of 

114 BovU 15. DIMiJfT. 

I)^^!! limestone dilTt, crowned by ■ Citadtl. Tbe ebnich of Ifotrt- 
Dofat la I, hsndaome edifice of the 13tb cent., in the Oothie style. 
Thediff-acenBiyoftheneighboiiThaodislnteEeBtiDg. SwBatdettT^i 
Belgium and Holland. 

From Dis«»t to Jbiih,i,k, 23 M. in li/* h (f»r« 2 fi. 10, 1 ft. JO cX 
From (18 M.) Sprape in omnlbua (relurn-fBi ''/i ''l Pli" to pi/, M.) 
HiD-iur-Laiit (BeHnui,* A-ond JldM), funou ror Ibe 'Ororu df Ban 

known, Ihrongli wlilcb the laie I rcu tU wit. — Sfi/i H. Roehsrait 
('B6UI Btmn; Eloilt) U B BDml] lawn ileo nolablc chleDf for lU 'iTroIln 
((dm, fi fr., Kducllon foT rutlei). An omnibus pllei regnluly in inmnieT 
bam Racbeforl to Hln-iai^Leui. — 33>f. JmilU (B6t. Ltdoni). Ornnl- 
bDBea ply hsDce lo BochefoH {relnrn-fsn 2 ft.). — For (itUiei deUllB ud 
for ths TBilwiy rrom ItmtUe lo ffPh X.) iVanuir, etc., tie BB4dektr-i 
Bil^lum and Eoltand. 

Beyond Dinent, to tho left, lies ite ancient rival Bouvlgnei, with 
the mined ustU of Crivtcoeur. F&rther on, near the cuined cbKteau 
of FoHvache, the line croBses the Mense. — 316 M. Ttoir, abont 
I'/a M. to the W. of which 1b the castle of Monlalglt, the' finest 
rnin of the kind in Beleium. — Then, on the left the Rocht aux 
Comtiati or aux Chamcts ('Jackdaws' Bock'). — Beyond a tnnnel 
is the station of TaitUfer. — On the left the old citadel of Nimnr 
ia seen; on the right diverges tbe line to LaiemhcuTg. The Mense 
i* cToesed for the last time; to the right is the railway to Li^ge. 

228 M. Ramnr (*H6Ut d'Harscamp), the stronglir foitifled capital 
of the province, vitb 32,000 inhah., lies at tbe conflaance of the 
Sambre and tbe Mont. The chief building is the CaUiedral, erected 
in the 18th century. See Baedeker't Btlyiwm and HoUand. 

16. From Faris to Bheima. 

%. TirreS^-rii3irtrrnti^iffion. 

87 H. B*n,wAi (Gare de rEsl; PI. C, 24) In 2.6 hra. (rates 17 ft 5B, 
Hfr.90,7fr. TOc). 

Fiom Faris to (31'/] H.) TrOpart, see R. 19. The Rheims line 
diverges to the N. from that to Cbalons, and beyond (361/t H.) 
Itlei-ATmailiiTti crosses Ihe Mamt and then ascends the valley of 
the Onrcq. Three small Btatlons. 

50 M. La Fertt-WlDn (B6t, du Sauva^e), a amall town on the 
Oarcq, was tbe birthplace of Baeint (1638-90), the drematiBt, to 
whom B itatn*, by David d'Angers, has been erected here. The 
rnins of the CiuUe, Inclnding oae entire side and four large toweit, 
date mainly from Ihe IJth centnly. Tbe chnrches of 51. Sieolat 
(Gothic and Renatssance) and Notre-Damt (12th and 16tb cent) 
contain good stained glasB of the 16tfa cent., etc. 

Branch-linM ron b«nu to (8"/j a.) VII^TfOMItrtU (p. 116) ud to 
(ITi/, M.) CMfcou-riMffTir (p. 1S8) Tli Onltliy-Brtny ((» below). 

67 M, NeuiUy-Bl-Frrml. — 61i/s M. OuUky-Breoii. ~ 68 M. 
Fiie-U'TaTduioii (R6l dtt Fot-d-Etain) has an interesUng cbarrh. 
On a bill, l>/4 M. to the N., rises a pictureaqae mined Cattle, boilt 


in the 13th cent., but altered in tha 16th by (he Conittble Anne da 
Hontmoreticy. — Bayond FSre the tiain quits tba valley of the Ouroq 
by mean* of a long and deep catting. — tS'/j M. Mont-lfotTe-Dame, 
with a charch of the 12-1 3th cant, and an IStli cent, chiteau. We 
OTogg the Valt, and Joia the Une from SolBSona (see below). — 
77Vi M. Biaochti, irith a rolned eaaUe (12-13(11 cent.). — 71 M. 
Flimet, aBDiall town, the FIna jSucaiionum of tbe Romans, — 97M. 
Rhdnu (BoffeO, aee p. 117. 

b. Tifc SoiBiont. 

99ViM. Bi.iLwaiiaanduiroL'd:; ».:B,C;1!3;34) in 3l/:-4>/i bn. (fare! 
17 fr. a, II fr. SO, 7 tr. 70 c). — For Cartbsr detttla u far a> Cr€py-BD- 
Valola, aoe BaiUkirU Baadbttt Ib Parti. 

The train traTsraw the district of La Chapelle, qaitB Paris near 
St. Onen, and at (2i/j M,) La PlattwBt-DmU divaigeB to the right 
hom the njain LIgne du Noid. 4*/: H, Aubtrviltiert'la-Coumtave, 
— AH. Le Bfrnrget-Drancy, Le Bourget, to the left, waa the scene 
otsangninary straggles batwaentheFrench and OarmanB on Oct 28- 
30tb and Dec. 2Jth, 1870, In which tlia formei were repulsed. — 
We nov cross the Ligna de Orande GeintuTe and reach (9'/j M.) 
Aulnay-lii-Bondy (p. 135). On the right is the forest of Bendy. 
Tbe train skirts the Canal de rOurcq. — 21 1/2 M. Oomtnartin, near 
which is the CoUigt de JulUy, founded by tbe Oralorians In the 
17th century. — WI2 M. Lt PUiiii-BeUeviUt. In the park of the 
chitean of ErmenonvUU, 3 M. to the left (omnibus, 1 fr.], is the 
original tomb of Jean Jacques RooEseau, whoee remains vera re- 
moved to tbe Pantheon at Paris In 1794. 

40 H. Crip7-en-TalaU (Troi) Pigioni, unpretending), with 5213 
inbdb., was tha ancient capital of a district which belonged from 
the 14tb cant to a younger brancb of tbe royal family of Franca. 
Branch'railwaya to Chantilly and Compligna, see pp. 101, 104. 

421/s M. VaumoUt. — 48i/s M. Villert-Ootterets tB6ltl du 
Dauphin), with 49S1 inhab., was the birthplace of AUxaadre Dwnai 
the Elder (1802-70), to whom a statue, by A. Carrier-Belleuee, was 
erected here in 1886. The ancient CK&Uau, rebuilt under Francis I. 
bat disfigured In the IBth cent., \% now a poor-hooee. 

A brsnch-Hne runs hence throagh tbo Foral of VUUrt-Cotttrat fpldaa- 
ut eicursions) in (Si/, M.) La Firtl-Xilon (p. Hi). — Railway to Pierre- 
fnndi and Compiefne. lee p. ICS. 

56 M. Lonopont (hotels) has a ruined abbey, dating ftom the 
12tli century. — Beyond (58Va M.) Vitny the train traverses a 
tunnel, upwards of 1/4 M. In length, and reaches (62 M.) Beny. 
On the left runs the Una from Compile lo SoUeons 

66 M. SoillOOI. — Hotel!. Lma Koooi, Kne St. Martin 57, R, 3-6 
B. I^lfl'/t, iij- S, D. S'.'t. omD. 'It ft.-, Caoix d'Oi, Rue SI. Gbrislopbei 
3DI.SIL dOi. ~ CaTI ita COmmrra. Roe il« la Bncrle; Buffrl, with bed 
room., at the .Ution, Aiy UlrB. D. a'/.-S'/a (r. 

Oaba. Per drive 1-3 pen. 'IDc, 9 pen. 1 fr. 10, 1 pen. 1 fr. GOc, 

116 RouU 16. S018S0NS, From Paris 

SoUnMt, an ancient town rormerly fortified, with 13,240 inhub., 
is Eitustad on the AiBne, '/s ^- (nun the Etstion. It carries on k 
considerable grain-trade, and is noted for itE haricot- beans. 

aoilsonB 1B gEnerillj iclealiOed wilh JTomoiliinvm, Ihs cliief lown of the 
Sueleionea, mentionel iy Oicair, cdlel uader (be early empire J<viiiM 
auiunmum, sad iflerwarfs Siwjidna. It is ceUbnted for llie delMt of the 
Komsns under Sjag.iuB in 186 by Clovis, Undef the Franks Soisaooa wM aO 

nolorietj for Iho great number uf eieges it baa undergone, the record only 
closing in October, I8!0, when the Oermsaj entered it after » bombardment 
of Itrce days. Sa. Crispin and Criapinian are said tDbave suffered martyrdom 
here in 397, and their sacceasor 8t. Sinice is regarded aa the first bishop 
of SolasDis. Id 8%, and ag^a in 8^, Louia (he Debonair was ImpriaODBd 
Id tlie (OWD by his uodutiful ions. 

An avenue leads from the station to the Place de la H^pabllqne, 
wbeie a Monwnent was erected In 1901 to the citizens shot by the 
Germans in ISTO. A taming to the left of the Place leads m 
to the ancient 'Portal o^St.Jtan-des-Vignei, the chief part now 
remaioiDg of the JSTStyin which Thomasli Becket spent nine yeara. 
It is in th e style of t he 13th cent., flanked by handsome towers of 
a later date (;i6-lt)th"i-enL')rf^''iS *i*'i '1'*''^ spires to the height 
of 230 and 245 n. 

The^^atitlitSlJf'olre-Dame}, which rises on the right a little 
farther on, is a line example of mi^^ed Romanesque and Gothic of the 
lij^th^n.tutrer 11ieW.3!aJepimrrtrree''am;r5,»BaTbeautifQl 
Gothic jose^ window, ia flankeS "bn''tto"^."6ide hy a tower 215 ft. 
higb. The're h a ciiriot(;^tig.ue fortal on the ^i^td^i l^rmlnatlnK 
In an apse, and adjoined by a circnlu' sacristy of two stories. The 
admirably proportioned interior of the cborcb contains some ta- 
pestry jf the I5th cent., an Adoration of the Shepherds, attributed. 
toTluiiens, and a few tombs of histotical interest. Th e stained gla ss 

The honse Kiie de la Buerio 10, now occupied by the Becette 
de Finance, in the Ucnaissance style (16th cent.), and the Porle du 
Colligt (ITth rent.), in the fine dii ColUge, may be noticed. 

From the Grande Place, where the I^<a(re is situated, we neit 
enter (to the right) a long street traversing the entire town, and 
containing several ediflcea of inteiesi. The Ahbarie_St,,2,^git, now 
occupied by a seminary, was er_ected,iQtb.e "13151 psiit., and still pos- 
aesses two crypie of the Sth ancT TOi:li cent, and remains of r.loisters 
of the I3th and 14lb centuries. The facade of the church datftB ftom 
the 17th century. — The^^le! de ViIfeTT8BLJ;ent.X"noar the N.E. 
CI tf e iMTlT'or the town, contains tlieXl&rarij on the groondfloor, and 
a small Mut/t (antiquities, paintings, etc.) on the first floor. — The 
Abbayt Notre-Dame, at the end of the Rue du Commerce (to tb* 
left of tbe Hotel de Ville), Is uow used as a barrack. Founded orig- 
inally in 660, thlsconvent contained in 868 no fewer than 216 nuns, 
who possessed a valuable' co' lection of MSS. and various sacred re- 
lics, including a shoe and a girdle of the Madonna. The fame of 

to Shtlmi. BRAISHE. 16. Routt. 117 

St. Drausln, who wu buried in the aUbey, aod whose tumb was said 
to lender JDTineible all who spent a night npon it, lendeced the 
chnruh a tayourite resoct of pilgrims. — In the neighbtluring Place 
ace the scanty remains of the Komanesque Cliurch of St. Pierre 
(I'ith cecit.). 

On the rlttbt bank of the Aiane is altaalcd the suburb of Bl. Vaail, 
and B llllle Fartber down il the hamlet of 31- Jndard. CKinaus for iji once 

tb« Heruvinglan aod CaroilnKlaD kings, and in IBSo'il was vi°rtX b; 
300,000 pIlgrimB. Hb decilne datei fium the religions wars of the cliisa al 
Iha 16tb cent. (1A6S), and Its site Is now oecnpled by a Ota/ aitd Dumb 

cell Id which Louis the Debonair is said to ha"e pined t8S3), and a tower 

cr tba former is not older than the 1l(h ceutnr;. 

Hallway to CompiSff/K, see p. 103i 10 Latin, see p. 108. 

Beyond Soissoni the line to Rhelms dlTeTges to the right from 
the LaoQ raOway, and ascends the fallay of the Aisne to (72 M.) 
Ciry-Scrmoiie, where it enters that of its tributary the Veies. — 76M. 
.Braime. ^ large Tillage '/i M, to the N.W., contains, in the 'Cft iiriA 
of M- /"^jj, » most interestins example of early French Gothic 
(T^thjj(|j^J["Brohgly resemyjjj£Ja^Je tha'cathedfals o'f'I^on and 
T^ves; unfortunately the porch and part of the have have been 
destroyed. Braignes was formerly a seat of the Merovingian kings. — 
80 M. Boiocha, and thence to (991/^, M.) Rhiiim (BoS'et), see p. II b. 

0. Tift EpeTnay. 

107 M. BiiLW'T in 3Vi-l°/i hrs. (fares as above). The trains start from 
(he Gara de I'Bst (PI. C, 24|. 

From Paris to (88 M.) Kptmay, see R. 19. — The raUway to 
Rheims trends to the left and crosses the lHame and the parallel 
canal. At (90 m.) Ay, oc ^i (U6t. des Voyagenis), champagne of 
excellent quality is produced, and ite are now In the centre of the 
champagne rineyards. Wi M. Avtnay. The country becomes hilly 
and wooded. Beyond (97 M.) Qermaine wo thread a tunnel 2 M. 
long beneath the Afoul Joli (900 ft.), tlie highest point of the so- 
caUed Monlagnc de Rhetmt. 100 M. EUlt)-la-liIontagnt is iwted for 
its wines. Distant view of Rbeims to the right. The train crosses 
the Vesle and (he Aisne and Mame Canal.— 107 M. Rheims (Buffet), 

17. SheimB. 

Botala. •LioM D'On (PI. b; 0, )), with drsl-rate cuisine and cellar, B. 
from B'/i, E. I'/i, D. 0. pens, from 12 St.; ■Gkab!. HBtki. (PI- ai C, 4), 
R. m, B. 1"A. d^i.BVi, D. ifri OB COHHBKOe (PI. d; C,8, 1), R. 3. B. 1, 
d«J. S, D. 3>/i fr., good ; (hue three near the cathedral. -HStel no }IaRD 
'PI. fi B, Si, Place Drouet-d Erlon TB, near the station; pb. iCEESfU-E, 
"■ - " "I, ^si-Ss.twtl».29, cfiminercial, R.. from 3, B. if d.^j. ,21/x,- H. 

118 BouUlT. RHEIHS. Hiitorv. 

Otiit. Dt laOmam, Fttet Bajtle ; ill la Bimqm, Plice de I'HStBl-de- 
Ville: duFaUrit, SoedeVeile, opportt* the thmirei OMirUrj, Ku* T»lls»- 
rud 31. — Cnfi-CoTitirl rfu Ouiao, Kne de TEUpe 30. — BnuurU dt 8tm- 
bourg, EuB de I'BUpe 18. ~ KeiUntuti. Seitmrant-mta <lt ta FUm 
Hogali, Bne du CJoilre 9, behind tlie mlhedTil; Tatem Fltmandi, Bna de 
I'EUpB 3T, dSj. VI,, D. 27, fr. i 'Buffit, ki the (biHon. 

Cubi. PirdiTH, 1-3 pen. itr., ^4 pen. li/, fr.; with two ho»e«, t-i 
vat. 1 fT. 40 » °<B)it (10 p.m. to Si.m., ia wlaler Ts.D.) 1 fr. 40, 
1 rr. TA, 1 fr. eO c Ai- Aow, 2 Cr., 3 fr. 30, 3 fr. SO e. ; M nlgbt 3 ft. SO c, 
B fr., S tr. 36 *. E«ch boi » 0. 

■legttio Tr»jiiw«)™ (comp. Pltn). i. From the PaiAByrg <fc Parii 
(PI. A, 5) to lh« Faabaary Cirii (PI. B, 3), while penDon. — 3. From the 
Faabwrg dt Lobo (PI. A B, t,3) 10 the PoiU ifaon (Pl.E, 7), red peuoa. 
— 8. Frum the aiaUoa (PI, B, Sj vii tha Bnea Cliuii|r ud OtmbMtk to 
/"UMmniinilf (PI. C, 6|, rellu» pennon. — i. From (h« Paytsmy di Clatr- 
moroii (PJ. A, 3, 3) via the ttsUon and ihe Bne O^ii* loOaSmit Ctrmv 
(PI, E, 3), white Md red pennon. — G. From ibe Canrna d€ Sh/MM 
(beyond PI. B,l)vl& the aiuion, the ctrcua, and tba Bus Chabaotl to th« J^ml 
Smf CPl. C, S), blue sed nhlK peanun. IJnlfomi firu, lit oi %id elua, 
10 c. ; thlg includes 'comspDarlsnce' in 3nd elaes, IbI clui psytn; e e. eilra. 

tait k leleiiaph OUeei, Bne Cii*:» BO (Pl. e, 3), Boe Ounbelti N 
(PI. C,6), A'-enue da Luin 1(J (PL B, 3), Bua de Veda l&l (PI. B, 1). 

BUhi. faini OtSanlt, Baifu ScptaiH, Pl^e Drouet-d'Erlon tkj and 59. 

Banki. Ba«qat A FTaaa, Place de I'HStel-de-Ville 1 i CrliU Lfmniit, 
Boa Carnol 39; Cornpioir iTEiampIt, Bue Cimot U, 

AmarioBn baniul, triUlan A. PricUU. 

EngUih ahnreh, Roe dti MoiBaoni, services at II and 6. Chaplain, 
Stv. ./oAn /. Pool. — Prmth Rtfornui Cfturt*, Bonl. do Temple. Chanlaio, 
Rn. W. SmUr. Francb larilce at 10, Bngltih a( D. 

Rbtimt, OT Btltni, One of the moit hiBtoticallj' int«re«dng dties 
of Franca, witk 108,383 intiab., is situated on the right litnk of the 
Vtilc, in a. plain bounded by ilno'clid bille. It Is the seat of an 
stohbiebop, en important centre of the champagne Indnatry, and eer- 
Ties on 'very eitenalTe mannfaetnres of wooiien and merino fabriea. 

lOitmi, the incleul J)uraciirlonitn, the csgiital of lbs Btntt, waa u Im- 

Fn the middle of tbe Ith Mul. , the CDnsul Jovlnui being one of Ibe ear- 

It Bbelma becune a T«llgioui centre of the first tmporUnee. On (Hulalinai 

Da;, OB, (noTli was bapUied here by .'^1. Eemldna, Blibnp of BhelnKi 

Pope Slephen IV. here eriiwoed I.ouli the Debonair In Big: and Coan- 

'In 1019, UIB, " -■■■'- 

TnastT Rheima 1 

p. 120), the oel 

tlephen IV. 1 „. 

"'1, UIB, 1131, and 1118, 

- — -.. -dlrlnlW __._. _._. . 

glnnlnit of Ibe Cspetlan dynastT Rheima has been the place of coronation 
of the Ereneb klngg (see p. 120), the oelv exceptions belag Hogb Cap< 

who ™ cn>wned al Koion (p. iOi), Hea ' "■ 

at Paris, and Ijinis XVIH., I-onlii Pldlipp 

Bel crowDetl It all. The mosl famoas suronauon was tnat 01 UDaues vil.. 
In 1129, whidi was bcnugtal abnat IhTough ihe effoTU of Joan of Arc, after 
ahs had driven tha English from tha wells. In the Uth cent. Bhalma, 
where there wa> an English seminary, wu a great centre of the Boman 
Cathelle activity against Qnaen Xlizahelh and England. 

The waahlng and combing of the fine wools used in the mannfacture 
~ ' ' ' a for which Bbelms Is eelebrat- 
lely carried on In eslabllshments owned b; Bng- 

hera and at Ctoli-BDubali |p, S8j. Connected with their Rhelma esUb- 
vldes a charcb, schoolt, and a reading and recreation roum. 

In the aqnare in front of Ihe station (PI. B, 3] ia s bronze statue, 
hj Gnillanme, of CoUn-J (1619-83], the Ulostrloai minister of 





CaUxedrat. BHEIHS. 17. fieutc 119 

Lonia XIV., who wu liorii at Rheims, and in tb« Pltwe Dionet- 

d'Erlon, flsnksd b; ucades, which leads thance to the S.E., is & 
sUtae of Marihat Drouet-d'Erlan (il&6-i&3i), also > nstiie of 
Rhelms. BiiyoaitbBChuTckofSt.Jamet(¥l-B,C,i; 13-18th eent.), 
we leach the Rue ds Vede, Id which, to the i^ ire the Theatrt 
and the Palati dt Justice. The ehort Btreet between these two buil- 
dings leads direct to the cathedral, In froat of which rises a Bmall 
equestrian etatn* ot Joan of Am, by Paul Dnbois (1896). 

The *' C»thBdra I ot Notre-Dame (PI. C,4), one of the noblest 
and mosrWSpTOsnr'CTSM^M'or the early-Gothic stylo, was 
fonnde d in 121!j a nd r.oniplBtei] in ihj 'H^h .-luw^rY The aupetb 
'W. Facade, 'perhaps the moat heauUfnl slrnclnre produced In the 
Middle Ages' l^Fergusson), is adoiDed with three exquisite recessed 
pOTtala, containing about 630 statnes, some of which, howeier, have 
enffered from the ravages of time. 

beiutf of the roao-wlndavr (hat •urmonnla tbem, or the elegance oV the 
gallery that eomplelei lh« facade and acrrei u a baiement lo Ihe light 
^najracefnl towera (bat crown the compgiition' (ftrsrujiMi;. 

Thoqgb Ihe tTmpana of the [lOTlals are, curlomlr enough, occupied 
by loae-HlDdowi In lien of iculptnrea, the aides and overhead vaulting 
Qf the arches, as ircll as the giblea above Ihem, are moat elaboratelT and 
beantlfnilT adorned with gUtnes and carving. Central Portal: at the 
aidea and in the gable, Be enea from the life of the Virgin i In the vanlting, 
angola, anccatorB of the Virgin, marlyra and holy virgins; on the lintel 
and jambs, the months and aeaaona, etc. — Left Portal : at tbe aidea, Fa- 
Iton-liinls of the cathedral, guardian angels, the aria and adenceJi on 
the lintel. Conversion of 8t. Paul) in the gable vanlting and adjacent arch, 
Scenes from the FaasIoD, and the love ntion nf the Crusa. — Bight Pnrtal: 
at the sides, patriarchs, apostlea, angels, viCci, andvirtuea; on the lintel, 
History of St. Pauli In the laulting and adjoining arch, End of the world 
(from the Apocalypse). 

The facade aboie the portals is pierced by three large windows, 
the m^golflcGiil/^^ase VTinioiD in the centre being nearly 40 ft, j p 
dimut^. Sculpture ia also lavishly employed: to the left, Christ In 
the guise of a pilgrim, to the right, the Virgin ; then, the Apostles, 
David, Sanl, History of David and Solomon, Da-rid and Goliath, StiU 
higher, extending quite across the fatsde, is a row of 42 colossal sta- 
taes in niches, represenUng the Baptism of Clovis, in the middle, 
with the Kings of Trance at the sides. T he two flne W ..<TrowerB, 
with their large windows and aerial turretsT'are ^'Jb'/ ftTSfib.' I'he 
spires were destroyed In 1481 by a Are which consumed also Ave 
others above the transepts, sparing, however, that (50 ft.) on the 
ridge of the chevet, which is decorated with eight colossal statues. 

"■ *"' " -Iffl. with statues of tishope of Rhelms. Clovis. etc, 

period, representing the JTast Judgment. Hi e "Siies t flgnr_e in whrch 
Is the 'BeanDlen'. or Chnat "in an attitude of benediction. The 3. 

jjM.I^Jhe bishpE's .jjJacBrJUid ^ ^ . as np p otti 
^^^--•---^of^Uie' eitlaijjir are the ilatues in niches 

ArehUpiie. FtUace. 

J themsslieB, an 

.At open « rcttde .just beli „ 

W tH:';: !'].. TLe chur^. which 19 cmciturio, H lfi3 ft. Ung BBiLai*'! 
8 na lantrtinlt. TLB Irinsepl* arc short, and •ceasTraeTlMoniv* Md 
MsleaV Tlie J T« plBceA nearer the K. anse than is uiual In medieval 

-, peCQliarily which is eounler balanced hj eilendlng th-- -■--'- " 

le not only the crossing, bnl also two bajs of the na 
□lerior Is simpler than the eilerlor. eveent In ihe tram 
which an embellished with 122 etiluei in niches. Tl 

in Iheleflto:^'^ It cupUiiis jioine cpsU. aUaiaiJM Bod etiurch-Dlate. a 
cbalicb inil mohslrancu of IBS W-lilt cent., vessels ind ornamentl OMd 
Hi tie coronatiuns of liifTerent kings, and the SaiMi Ampoa:: Tha laal Is 

The potMe^OB of (he Sainte Ampoale probably led Ut the ehoJce of 
the Arcbbithops of Rlieims, >i Primates of the kingdom, devolved the 

Tiokels (IfcJ (Or (to mcnl of Ihe Tsueri may also he ohtalued In 
llw 'nciniTedeichaifSr(se4ifWrEr " 

To the S. of the catbedislis the AT£lUflItiUguL£alue(Fl.C,4i 
ipply to the concierge), a la rge anil han ilsiiin a ediflc e [l^fijnp f''""' 
(he J'''~i]'<it t' ''^[) tl ir\ f' It cnntniiis Ilic apartment usad by the 
kings befoce their coronation, the hill where the lOyal banquet wai 
given, and a flnailm|J,|t. rhfipal nf ths <3t.lii-priHirv. jl'he lowar c hajal 
is occupied by sMijiet Iji^idaire, the most InteTBEting objects in 
which *are a IiDmaii altar decHcated to fonr gods, a bas-ielief of a 
workman with an easai, and the white marble ^Cenota ph of Jovi- 
nns, prefect of Gaul In the 4th centuiy. Wiis li^tj^ ||mi;Ti frnm « 
■*"l'li' hloi'li, 8 ^ilfliut j"d 6_ft. broad, and is ad orned w ith a 
beautiful J>J^Tie),ief of a lion-Iiuntl ■•^ . 

The short elraet ruiu'iirig'to the N. ftom the E, end of the cath- 
edra leads us to the regolirly-ballt Plaei Royalt (Fl. C, 3), which 
it embellUhed with a bronr.e elatue of Leuls XV., erected in 1818 

tha N... Ho. a in which is ihe Maiian Cnitci i fBoT\ t 
a 16th cent, tlm tei fecliae. In th e Rue <:e Ta mbourt Mob. JB and 
20), to th* right, is ihtTtouie o(tke Jfujicimn^tte most inteteatiiig 
of tha mni ^Y niiBli|t ol i i house 's Tn Kheims (jarly J4ih cent.Y I'lie 
Mai>c,i <;r>u,-«-t-B^Rto,T^»r^ii i.U,i:(ft^. W 
lia s au Inteie sting eouttysra. 

■i he HjUfiC20'iil?*(I''- C, 3) , reached hy tha Rue Colbert, 
is a han jafmj) ert iflf.e irr the RenaiGsanf^ettla, begun nndet 
Lo uis Xjn . (ffbose eqiiestrian sialue adorns the pediment), but 
anl£^e^ only in tbe ISch ceniuiy. It Is BnimouDted by a lofty cam- 
panUe, and eonUins a Ubrary of 80,000 Tola, and 1600 MS8. (open 
daily, except Mon., 10-4, on Sun. 12'4), and the public Mualet. 

The \maf,SitfLs (in gup. aalThun, 1-1, bui *'^''^ril]^B ff n ft 'li" flay, 
also nflei roajii.-,£ii:ait Hon.) include a f.nllpr.tiiin uf pain^nca.'eni- 
bracinfiTm* Qermin, Flnollh, and DufEF pJiTnijrrr&rge Iriprycb of 

illml tiMnii t he inanufactnre of cfaJtrnpatne; collgctionj Stfileiujjuia. china i 
a JapafleW colleclion} "f colKc gon of local earicaiurH; a j»jkctlon of 
8cdteflf;XtoneB jieinteri') osed in mylteiyTnijriii the ifith tent.! an 
anllqnartan Diuienni ; and in arnh pnlii giitnl niinpiim. On the aecand Jloar 
ia a larErguroaD''tflDsale. auco"ve? e3 anHTann. 3S ft. long by 28Tirbroaa, 
rBprtMnlKTihe apdrtT ofTrariSplItBeaire: 

U. Monl. No. y Bue Sedan, b^iond tbe Hate] de Tille, pouceiei a >alu- 
able culleclii n of Eoman, Qallo-BoiDan, Uerovinglan, end otber antiqniliet. 

The chief^Boman Bheims is the ^•}j\i fl. wr.,. 
(PI. B, 2), a tripl e eate aav ot triumphHTaichjj^jjj^ed iioja theH&tel 
de VlUe by theltue Henri if." it is referred w the {\y ff. nt. of our 
--a and still retains GOme remains of its amsmentalion, including 

eigbltfljie^orinthijii^i^lumnG, a gm ufiil ^amnwn rlf about an empty 
niche, font genii, a medallion with a bead in high relief, and two 

The modern church of S(. Thanai, bniU In the atyle of the 14th cinl,, 
and allnated In the auburb of Laon, bsjond the [allwIT, cvnlalnl the 
-tomb and atatne of Cardinal Oonsset. Archbishop ot Rlielipa (d. IStfl). 

The most ancient etcjesiastitai liuilding in libeima is the abbey 
tharch yf ^^- ^fiiiTn>l n'^^ ff)', at the eit(£n(i^fiBi^_thft town 
ftra mwaylio. 5 . see p.'ilSj, which, though freely altered in modern 
times, 'retains the outlines ofj. Test and nsjij#..i^ilic» of the early 
part of thgjQjh cent., preEeiiting'considerable points of similarity 
to those of Burgundy' ( Ftrgntion), The first cborch on tbis site was 
founded in 852, hut this was practically ^toUiJlUk^. 11"^^"' <=*'"-i 
while thep dOdof tbeS.trmaeptiBaalateaa theandof t helSlh cen- 
tujy. Th e wn S aJ efTinttjlLGothie style of t he 12th c enCbut both 
the towers ate Romanesque. The naveatep is Romanesque, hot the 
choiL[gff^ici and the S. tunfi^(,1lijjjBboyanl" ' " 

The_yVTERioK pruiit^AuutSe^ot ^eat diuilly. The aislBA are pru- 
vidad wTflfeKlWnW-, thSHn'tha iCaisTa confaoiBfi.lap»aMieB presenltd 
by Rob, de Unoncanit, the donor of <f«Me- In 'the calbedral (p. 1%I). 

122 BovU IS. P0HT-i-M0US80N. 

the choli, lilie the . ^ h fl ir of the cathedral, ia continued into lh« nave; 

Cut of It la tanonndefl 'bj t ta tUJaJ i mtte screen of iba time of 
CmllXIII. Tte rtiolr-windOffS are alnnflrefflSu magniflcenl Bl^DBd clus 
ott&^3thcenturie«.-OmL6 epae open flveTliapETirtrtBni'raides .up- 
pgrteTDferKceTirrcotoninii. Behind the hlgb-altar li Uie 'Tlrr^LMiSL.Rm^ 
or SaUgiai, in the aljleo/llie BeniisMnce, hut restated ia TSfrioT fhe 
tbVd limeT It presedJ SlTrorS irTB^d Jf temple In colosTed mublei, 
with 1 group in wUte marble representing the saint bapliiing ClaTii, 
•orrounded by white marble atatnes of the TweNe Peers of Fiance (the 

Dnkel of Bnrgnndy', Normandy, and Aquilaine, and the cinnla o( FlanWl, 
Champagne and ^oulonse). — The S^rimwtf. aa rt *"' • Hajj ^epolehre 
n fiftSV and thr ee hiehr reJlelaaf imOTrepieaenUDg the Bapfisms of^Chrlit, 
«iWK«i^e. .nWS?fe.^^^TfhSeTre'also a few VjgJ u»*,r7 In «>? 
"acristT. and an eowntUsiLcroBj of_tliaigih oent.TnOmia(ig(M^n™ela 

I'be ifiilel Dieu oi Sotpital, adjoining the church, ocenpiea the 
former abbsy of St. Rami, tbe buids^gie cloiBters of which (partlf 
Boroane^mg) cont»in a Masit Lopidaf«f ancient, medifflTal, and 
ReiTainanite si^nlptores, Inolnding the'Cflnc^uijLQf joTiQoe, p. 118), 
Ihe neighboarlng chnrrh of St. Mautict (PiTD, &J contains group! 
in memory of two natiiea of Rheima, vli. N, Rolland (b. 1642), 
rounder of the Congregation de I'Enfant Jftus, and the Abb6 de ia 
Salle (b. 16.MJ, founder of tbe Fi^ree de la Doctrine Chrftienne. 

XIio victor t3,EMp» should Tl^Mae of the TisLS|«aw*«««<Man, 
among tbe atosF tnteananl being those oT4I.,K(£da)[ec^i>utB de Chile ni) 
PI. E, 6) and Hme. Tommerj (applr Kue^jraiil'Per-le-N(iir 7, near the 
Lfc^e, PI. Gf 4). For an account 0r~{he process of cBainpagne- making, 

- "T local line rana from Blieims toO&'/iU.) Ftrty jHSI. Dnpuls), sklrt- 

another t» (ll U.) Cormier (Otoii Blanehe); and'n third to (27 H.) Fttmii 
(p. US), pacing numeroni small ilaUona on the waf. 

From Rheims to Pails, see B. IB*, to Laon, p. 98; to Chalons, p. 9S: 10 
SolsiaDB, p. llTi to HetE, K. 19. 

18. From Paris to Hetz. 

B. Vlfc ChUons &nd Froaftrd. 

SUM. K.viLWAT (GaredeTEst; PI, C, 21} in 7i/(-12'/< hii. (farei tSlt. 
ee, 39 fr. eS, I8 fr. as d leaa <it Verdun, see p. 1381. 

From Paris to (211 M.) frouarif, aee K. 19. The train return! 
Id the direcUon of Pg>tis fbi about '/a U. — 215 M. Pompty (3091 
Inhab.), with iron-mines and eitensive faetorlea. 

A braocb n^loaf Tui>a hence tU <iV( M.) Ctulina, formerlf Cond/, to 
(13'h H.) JfoTnety, a email thongb ancient town on the BiilU. 

We now enter tbe beantifal leJley of the MoitUe, and after ccois- 
ing the riiet oontinas to foUov i(s left bank almost the whole way 
to Meti. A canal also runs along the left bank. — 210 M. Marbaehe; 
222 M. Dltuiouard (Hfit, du Commerce), commanded by a hill beat- 
ing arained caatle. In this neighboDrbood was situated the Roman 
town of fiear/iona, noted for a defeat of the AUemannl by JoTinns in 
366. To the right, in the dieUnee, ia the bUl ofMousson (p. 123). 

226 M. Poiit-ft-If«nsMD CB6UI de t\anet, Place Daroc, de la 

NOV&ANT. la. Boutt, 123 

FoiU, Rue VletoT'Hugo, nou the eUtiun), an tttracttie town of 
12,850 Inbab., Bllaatad on the Moselle. The triangal4T Plact Daroc, 
Bnmnnded irlch ircadea, conUina the HSttl dt VtU* and a hand- 
gome HovK in the RenalBsance Btjle, decorated with BculptDrea. 

The late-Gothic chnrch of Bt. Lauftnl, with a 17th obdC. fatade, 
hai intecesting vaulting and 0" ^^ ^d^ chapel on the left] a cnrioni 
16tli cent, altar-piece. — Tbe Rue dn Pont leadB from the end of 
the Place Pnroc to the old tovn, croBsing the Moaelle by a 1)>id|e 
bntlt In the 16th eentary. To the left of the latter it tbe chnrch of 
8l. Martin (IS-lSth cent), with two handaome towers, containing a 
One Holy Sepulchre in the right aisle, and a gallery of the 15th cent., 
now nied as the organ-loft — Farther to the N. Is the chnreb of 
5(. JUory, bnilt In 1706, with an ancient abbey, now coDTerted into 
a leminary. 

On a bill (lOiO ft.) to the B. of tbe lows li llu little yiUage of Kmimk, 
with tbs icantj luiaa of a CaiOe. Tbe towet of Ibe Cliapit of tbe cutlD 
is luimoiiuted bj a st.lDe of loiu of Ak, by tbe Dnebciie d'Uiis. Ei- 

232 M. Fftgnr-inr-HoieUe (BufftI) ia the rrontier-station, with 
tbe French cnslom-honsB. OcMid wine Is prodneed on the bills of 
the left bank. Abonl IV4 M. to the W, 8,W. are tiie eitensiTe mlns 
of the ChSttau de Preny, buill by the dukea of Lorraine and dis- 
mantled in the ITth centnry. — Railway to Longnyon vii Conflans- 
Jamy, see p. 126, 

236 M. lto»*»nt (Buffet), the German frontier-station, with the 
German dutom-honse. Oerman Ume Is 65 min. in advance orPaiisian 
time. Cofnif, connected with Novtfuitby a suepenalon-bridge, was the 
German headqnarters daring the siege of Matz. ~- 237'/; M. Ancy- 
iHT-MostUt, At Jouy-aux-Archii, which lies to the right, and at 
(239 M.) An-mr-Moaelle, with Iron-works, are perceived the eiten- 
Biva remains of a Roman 'Aqueduct, 60 ft. In height and 1220 yds, 
in length, conetiucled by DraeuE tn bring water to Divodumm, the 
modem Metz. OTavtlotte (omn.; p. 134) lies i^/t M. to the KE., in 
the valley of the Mance. The train crosses the Moselle. To the right 
are the fort of St. FrivaC and the chatean of Frescati. To the Uft are 
the lineB to Verdun and to Thiontille, and Mt. St. Quentin; to the 
right, the lines to SaarbrQeken and Strassburg. 

244 M. Mett, see p. 132. 

b. Tii ChUom and TardiiD. 

wen. K*iLW*T In 81/1-13 bri. (fare. 88 fr. 86 , 26 tr. 30, 17 fr. SO c). 
Tbe tiraiBi atart [nan tbe Uare de I'Eii (PI. C, SI). 

From Paris to (107'/2M.)CT5Ions-<ur-jtfame, BeeB.19. Thence 
to (118 H.) 8t. Eilakt-au-TempU, the junction for Rheima, see 
p. 99. — I2IV2 M. Caperly, near the large military Camp de 
CMlont (p. 99). 

At taCH^pl, Q'hM. to (he E., iaalarge clrcnlarentreDebmeiit, known 
u AlUla't Camp, IhoaEh reallr an ondeut Roman camp or > QtUle oppi- 

124 Rimte IS. VERDUN. From Parii 

dun Tlie Cat^ Calalami, wbeie AMI i wts dcfealed b; Mtiat in 451 at 
tbs Runout bUtiB nf Cb&loni (p. 138j, were tberBfore (imbtbly ulj*«nt. . 

140 M. Valm7 (Hnul), noted for the defeat of the Allies ander 
the Duke of BrunsTiek by the French under Damooriez and Kelter- 
mann in 1792. This wts the famoua 'Cannonade of Valmy', 'wherein 
the French SanEcnlottee did not Hy like ponllry' (Cailyle). A pyl' 
amid on the battieHeld, to the S. of the village, contains the heart 
ufKeUermann, DucdeVa1my(1747-18'20), and his ttitaewaa added 
in 1892. Dumonriei, having iflBrwards de-serteii to the enemy, ia 
ignored. The train deBoenda throngh the fertile valley of the i4iiiu. 

U6 M. ate. Meneboald (HSttldtMetii St. Nicolat), on the Aim^ 
a town with 5000 inhab., noted for its pork. Part ot the Wallt of 
the old town are preserved, and also a CAurcfi, dating from the 13- 
11th century. No. 8 in the Avenue Viclor-Hugo was the posting- 
BtaCion wbere Louis XVI, wae recognised by 'Old-Dragoon Droaet' 
on his attempted flight from France in June, 1791 (comp. p. 127}. — 
Railway from Amagne to Reilgny and Bar-le-Duc, see p. 126. 

A well-wooded and picturesque district is now traversed, in- 
cluding tbe Fonit of Aryotme, well-known from the eampaign of 
1792. — 164 M. CUrmont-m-ATsormt (Pomme-d'Oi), on a hill to 
the right (branch-line to Bar-le-Duo, see p. 143 ; Varennea and 
Apremont, p. 137). — Several small stations are passed. 

174 M. Terdnn. — Httel*.' Tbois Hiuiies, Rae Ac rBCtel-de-ville T, 
R. from 3, B. 1, d^. Vj,. M. afr.) Coa-Hiuii, Pim-Sl-VaaTtl, Roe du 
St. Esprit a and 3: Cuiohe-d'Ob, Place Si. Paul. — Oafti in tlie Piare 
Ste. Cioli, Sue de rHdIel-de-Viile, and Baa St. Paul. — Saff«t at tbe 
BUIIon. — Oaba. Pei dr ve 1-3 pen. 60 e.. 3 per], I Ir. % c, t pen. I fr. 
£Oc.i per br., iVt. 3, 2Vi f'■^ double fare after midnight. — Tninwa; 

Vtrdun, a llret-class fortress with 21,360 iiihab., is situated on 
the Maue, which divides at this point into several branches. The 
narrow, winding streets of the upper town are most picturesque, 
ean blsiiiry,' for by Ibe Treaty of ^ecdna in i& the posscMioua of Cliarle- 
mas, and Cbarloi tlieBald (p. iiiv), and tbe Frencli uidi^erman members 

a bishop, aad ram'alnedTrr'^ imp^ial Idwd untlUaa", when It »ai tak- 
en by tbe Frcncb, althougb it vaa nul fDrmally nnltcd to France nnlll 
the Peace nf Westphalia in l«a, by which Auilria gavo np the three fam- 

the Fruiiians in 1792,' and.' bavin: i^rrendeVed aKer"a few hoari,' the In- 

if IbebODbrins ('drupe's') for wUch 

recoiEred Iba tiwn after tbe battle 

. . leent maidens to the lealfaid. The 

town w» BE^n bombarded by tbe OeniiBBi In 1B70, and taken after a gol- 

lanl raBlstHnce of three weclcs. 

The Avenue de la Oare leads straight to the town through the 
Porte St. Paul, beyond which ia the large new ColUgt, on tbe left. 
The Brst street diverging to the left leads to the ForU Chauttie, a 
gateway (partly l&th oent.) with two crenelated lowers, now asod 

to Melt. AMANVILLERS. 18, Routt 125 

as a miliUry prison. Beyond it is a bridge acioas the Heoie. — 
The Rne Mazel, to wMcli we return, leads to another briJge icroas 
Clie main channel of the rivei. On the left bank is the PUce Ste. 
Ctoii, embellished in 1866 Tiih a bronze etatae, by Lemaire, of 
Central Oievert (1696-1769), a native of tlie town, dlstiDguished 
for his capture and defancs of Prague (1741-42). — The new Tktalrt, 
on the Qual de la Comitdie, to the light before Che bridge, overlooks 
the atlrsoUTe Promenade de la Digue. — In the court of the H6ttl 
dt VilU (i7tb cent.) ace four cannons presented to the town by the 
French OoTernment in memory of its gallant resistance In 1870. 
The ATui^e which used to be here was burnt down in 1894. — The 
Pitbtie Library (open Thuia. * Sun. 2-4), near the Canal des 
Augustins, contains 36,000 vols, and valuable MSS. 

The Catktdral, in the upper part of the town, dates from the 
ll-12th cent., but has been much altered in the 14tb and 17th, 
especially in the interior. The aisles are now divided from the nave 
by eemlcircuiar aicbcs. The space beneath the organ in the W, apse 
is occupied byaflneCTopef. The high-altar is placed beneath a gilded 
canopy, reeting on marble columns. In the S. transept are a relief 
dating tiom 1666 and a marble statue of Notre Dame de Verdan. 

The BUhap't Patau and the Qrartd, Biminaire adjoin the cath- 
edral. From the Promenade de la Roche a good view is obtained, 
to the W., of the pastoral valley of ihe Meuse. Tleitors are not ad- 
mitted to the Citadel, situated beyond the promenade. 

VeidUn ia alio > gtatlnn on tberallnav from Sidaii to UmuKilli (Haacyi 
see p. 130). — To Bar-IfDuc. lee p. 113. 

The railway to Hetz crosses the Meuse, ascends an inelioe 
(C6let de Menie) on the other bank (view to the right), passes 
through a tunneL ^|^ M. long, and beyond the plateau of the 
Wo'inre enters the valley of the Moselle. 

187'/j M. Etftin (H6t. de la Sirine), on the Orue (3880 iuhab.), 
lias an interesting church of the 13lh and 15th cent., in ivhi'-h is a 
Madonna attributed to Ligier Bichier (pp. 130, 142). 

189 H. COBilaiu- Jarny {Buffet; Hotel opposite), near the coii- 
fluencB of the Ome and Fr on. 

Conilani-Jarny is thsjiuidion of lie railway from Loneoyon to Pnany- 
lur-yoinli [SM p. i:S). The llrst station to llio 8. Is IBVi M.| Mm'l-la-Tour 
(see p. iSSl. — Branch-riilwara alia run from Oonflani.J«riiy lo (8 M.| 
Biiey (Cridx Bl<mch») an induelrial 1> »° wilb 3126 [nhab., and lu (T'/i H-) 
homicotiH-Jttuf, bolb folJowins tie ssine rail) as for as ()'/" M.) ValUrO!/. 

204 M. BalUly, with tie French custom-house. The train then 
crosses the battlefield of Qravelotte (p. 134). 

208 M. AmanvilUrs (Boffet), the first German station, with the 
Oennan costom-house. Oennan time Is 65 min. in advance of 
Parisian time. Gravelotte lies i'/a M. to the S., St. Privat (omni- 
bus) 1V*M. to theN., andSte.MarJe-au!i-Chi'nes2i/!M.totheN.K. 

We change carriages at Amanvillers, and descend the valley of 
Monvaux. On theleft are the fortsof Pla]ipeTille and St.Quentin. — 

313 M. Moulini-ai-Mtl%. Tbe line to ThionviUe (p. 132) it seen to 
theUft ThetrtinoToesM the Jlfo«eU«,]oing the railway temFroaud 
(R. 16a], and tlien the line fiom SaarbcuGken and Struiljorg. 
217 H. Melt, see p. 132. 

0. Tli Ehflinu uid Terdtm. 


330 M. in 9>/(-lI'/> bn., 222Vi K In »I,-Vi>lt hrs., oi 28011. in 10>/k- 
121/1 taca., according u Khdms !■ reached vli La FnU-Mllon (Llgns da 
rB9t), vli Bolaaoni (Lline da Hord), or vli EpsrnaT (Ltgns de I'Egt). Parea 
about 12 fr., 38 tr. 60, IS fr. BO o. 

From Paris to (97-107 M.) Rhthni, eee R- 16. Thence to (122 M. 
ftwu Paris via La Ferte-MUon; 2i/i or 10 M. mote by the other 
rontes') St. Hilairc-au-Ttmfle^ wliera we join the rulway to Hetz 
tU Chllons and Verdun (p. 123), see p. dS 

d. Tift BliaiMi and KiiikTea-Chki'leTlUe. 
(Qivet, KamUT, LuxembouTg.} 

35S H. iD 8i/fU>/> liTS.. SBOViiH. in e>/,-lfiVi bra., or 368 H. In iW,, 
IDV> bra., according as Sh^Dia la reached vli La Ferl^-HUon, Tik Boiaaona 
or Tit Epeinaf. Oomp. R. IS, Fares tt ft. 70, BO b. 60, 2D fr. IS c 

From Paris to (97-107 U.) Bhcinu, tea B. 16. At Rheima «• 
leave the line to Laon on the left and that to Verdun and Matz on 
the right. — 102 M. (ftom Paris Tia La Ferti-Milon, 21/2 and 10 M. 
more by the ofliar routes] Yitry-lis-Beims. — IO71/2 M. BataneourL 

From Biuhcoust to Cbillkbinoe (sec p. 137). 83 If ., rallwa; (lirDiuIi 
the YBlle; of the Sulpfi, with Ita acllre TooUen Induatr;. 

Se7ond(llG'/3M.) Taynonibe train pa^sea through a tunnel and 
enters the basin of^thBAiirw, There tbe scenery liecomes more varied. 

123 H. Bethel (B8t. dt France; de CEurope; du Contrntree), an 
Industrial town wiUi 6431 inbab., is partly situated on a bill to the 
right of the Alsne and of the Canal do Ardtnnei, which connects 
the Alsne and the Meusa and Is crossed Ijy the railway. The cbnrch 
or St. Nikolai ie in reality formed or two churcbee, dlfTereiit both 
in size and style, and placed end to end. The oldest part, daUng 
from tbe I3th cent, belonged originally to a ptlory. The B6ul Dltu 
and several other edifices in the town date from the l?tb eentnry. 

I261/2 M. Amagne- LuciiUT/ (Buftet-Hfitel) , with a large sugar 
factory, is the Junction for a line to Hirson (see p. 100). 

FaoH AmosE-LnouDT to Eanosi (Bar-la -Duo), BT/i M., r^lway in 
Si/t-6 hr». (fares 12 fr. 80, S fr. 26, 5 fr. 8S c). — 6 M. Attignj (S6I. it la 

the Cat^l dii Aril4iinu. WittikiDd, Che dake uf Ihe heatheD Saiona. wu 
bapUaed here In 786) aod here Id 823 Louis tlie Debonair perfDrmed hla 
public penitence at the iDillgitiun of hii praletes. The KerOTlngian and 
Caiolinelan kings bad a liriie and aplcndid palace here, hnlll in BiT, of 
whieb the DBmt, a asrt of poHiw Dear the B61el de VUle, Ii the unly 
TSlls. The Omrclt dalea ftom the IBIh ecntary. — We now ascend the 
lallay of the Alane. 18 K. YaDaiira (Una d'OrJ, a lawn wllh 86BO Inbab., 
piclnresqaely altaalcd on the left bank of the Alsne, haa a chnreh of thi 
<a-lBth cent., with a lemaikabls portal. H. Talne, the crllie and hlalorlan 

(1M&-B3), wai bom hare. - SS'/i 1 
eonrt. lee p. 128. 

|1 biueli-nllwlj klao nin> 1 
tallowlnE the •ttiKti*e T4lI«T of tbe Airi, <rli (6 X.) arandpn. Aprimmt 
li u irDn-wDTkiag >IUh*- About ti^ M. to tbe fi.W. It tba Httle town 
of ranmiMa-Aremnt, whsra Loafs SVI. vu vrtated In 1791 on Ub 
•ttonptcd Otcbt bom Fiucsi ud 7 X. fvther oo U Cltrmnnim-Aramru 
tp. IJll-l 

STiA H. rtiam-la-VUlt, wbleli sppeui u .4zMnna In tbe Itlnersrr or 
Antontimi, It Ob Ibe losd from Bh^ms to Meti Tii Veidun. — 40 K. 
£afl«pll'«-aB-i'0nf hu k modarD plIeriiDBjO' chapel uid » Tlllaco-charcb 
built part); Id the lltt, nrtl]' Id the IfiOi cantoiy. — t&'/i H. SU. JVoMftraM 
(lea p. l'W< Tba tr^a tben conUaaaa to aueod the valley of (ha Aiine, 
bnl fluaUj diTanai Into that of lit bibutar;, the AM4, and naehee (BT'/f K.) 
SHtfnt {<ea p. 1*1). 

B«ifond[1317aM.)5auIt«-JtfoticHntha railway antera the wooded 
and moanUinoQB district of tlie AnUnntt, *nd the tceneiy Incieaaaa 
lu beauty. SeveTal email Btations are paesed. To the right of the 
line, & little heyond (115 M.) Boalticourt, rises the large powder 
factory of 9t. Ponca. At (149 U.) Mohoa are eituated the workahops 
of the railway. We crosa the Jlf^uie twice, the river making a vide 
bend beie to tbe left. 

151 Vj M. KiiifaiM- Cbailevilla fBufftt-HStel). The aUrion, 
which Is at Gbatlevllle, is common to the two towns of M^zierea 
and ChactBvilla. M£zleie» lies about S/4 M. to the left. 

dlftilarllle ( Qmnd Hittl; du Commerce,- de I'Europe; *duNoTd, 
Lion d'Argmt, new the station), with 18,772 inhab., derives iu 
D*me from Charlee of Gonzaga, Doke of Neiers and Mintaa, and 
GoTeraoi oC Champagne, who foimded the town in 1606. The chief 
Indoslriea are nail'maklng, type-fonodlDg, and tbe mannfacture of 
other small hardware goods. The road leading from the station Is 
met at the bridge connecting the two towns by a Una boolevud, 
which extends to the Ptact DamU, In tbe centre of CharlevUle, a 
square bordered by arcades. The rest of the town is Dninteresting. 
On the N. side rises Afount Olymput, a height at one time forttSed, 
bnt now private property. 

XMbei (Hotel du Palaii-Royal), the chief town of the depart- 
ment of the Ardtnnti, with 7880 inhab.. Is situated on a penlniula 
formed by the Henee, and ontil recently was strongly (orriOed. 

Hiiiitei bu undergone aeyenl memorable aiegee. In 1031 Ihe Obaraller 
Bayard, »itb ■ girrisoi of 3000 meo, i-iicces^fnll! defended the Iowa for 
28 d.?» against an Imparial army of ^,000. In ISIB, after a siege of lii 
weelia, the town w«a eompelled Ig capitnlale lo the GennanB, thoii?h not 
before the general paeiaeatlon. In 1S10 M^llires nu loresled three lime*, 
>Dd ■□irenfend en Jan. Sad, 1871, after a bOffibardmant of three dayi. 

To the right, near tbe bridge which connects the two towns, ie a 
War Uonumtat of 1870-71. The only noteworthy building in M«- 
rieres is the Pariih Oiurth, a handsome Oo^ic edifice of the 16- 
16tb cent., with a oonspleuoui Eenaiseance tower. Tbe portal on the 
S. aide is very richly ornamented. Vlthin this cborch Charles IX. 
was married to Elizabeth of Austria In 1670. In the newer part of 
the town le a Slatite of Bayard (see above), b; Croisy (1893). 

Kallwari to Sinon, Aaluiivt, FalinttoiiKi, LilU, mnd Calaii, lee pp. 100, 
S9j to OittI and Namnr, tee p. til. 

Trains (or Sedm,- Thionville, and Metz, on leavtng tStzKnt- 
Charleville, return in the direction of Kheima as fir as beyond tha 
station of MoAon (p. 137). Bece tbey diverge to tha left into the 
Tsllcy of the Meuse, which is crossed at (151'/? ^0 ^<"nci. From 
(166Va M.) Vrii/ru-Mtait a tramway runs to (3 M.) Vrisrne-aux- 
Bois, where large quantlHea of hardware are produced. — 161 1/2 M, 
Donchery ii tba point where the German forces crossed the House. 
at the battle of Sedan, In order to cut off the retreat of the French 
army to tSiiiiret. The railway crosses the river, and immediately 
to the right Is seen the Ckdteau de Betltoue, where Napoleon III. 
sarrendered his sword, and where the capitulation of Sedan was 
signed CD Sept. 2nd, 1870. The captored army ware detained ai 
prisoners for three days on the Penintuta of Igts, formed here by 
the Mens*. The bombardment of Sedan wag began by a battery 
posted on the heights of Frinoii, to the right. The German army 
toolc ap its position in that direction and still farther to the E,, while 
the French posted themseWas on tba heights immediately surround- 
ing Sedan. By the end of the day the French position had been 
tnmed by the Qermane, who had made themselres masters of the 
htlls commanding it on the N. 

I641/2H. Sedan. -Hotali. SSt. di l'Bdbofs, Rae QambcttaaT, R. 
3i/rfl, B. iVi, m. 8, D. Si/i fr.: Gaoii o'Oa, Place Torenoe, d^j. 3 fr.) 
LiOB d'Ob, Place d'Aliacc-Loiralne. — Bufftt ■( tbe slalion. 

Stdan, a town with 19,360 inhah., formerly strongly forti- 
fied, is famous for the battle and capitulation of Sept. Isl and 
2nd, 1870 Caae p. 129). Of no g^at antiquity, the town at one 
time belonged to the Dukes of BonlUon (p. 130), and the revolt of one 
of these noblemen in 1691 led to the siege and capture of Sedan by 
Henri IV, Sedan is well and regularly built, and carries on a pros- 
perous mannikatare of fine cloth; but it ts uninteresting to the 
stranger. Within recent years the fortifications have been removed, 
and their place largely taken by handsome bouses. 

From the station the Avenue PhUoppoteaui, crossing tbe Meuse 
and traversing a new suburb, leads to the Place d'Alsace-Lonaine, 
at the S. aitcemity of the town, in which are situated the War 
Momimmt fur IS70, tbe Cottigt, and the Etabliutmtnt Craisii, 
aabraciug an asylum and a small Mus^e (adm. on application). 
Thenca tbe Avenue dn CoU»ge leads to the Place d'Armes, in 
which rises the Parish Chunk. Beyond the chtirch is the Donjoa, 
of the 15tb cent., tbe only relic of the ancient CasiU. The Place 
Turenne, farther on, is embellished with a bronze statue of Manluil 
TuTtnnt, erected in 1823. Tlie marshal (1611-76), bom at Sedan, 
was tha ion of Henri de La Tonr-d'Auvergne, Viscount of Sedan and 
Dnke of Bouillon, an ambitious noble who took part In many plots 
against Cardinal Rlehelien, and was Anally forced to purchase his 
life by yielding up to Loois XIU. the barony of Sedan. — Crossing 

to Mctt. SEDAN. jg. Itoult. lay 

tie Mense, »e ag»in enter a new quarter, beyond which are the via- 
duct uid BubDTb or Torcy. From Torcy the Rue Widehncouit leads 
back to the station. 

The best point from which to visit the battlefield of Sedan is tbo 
Tillage olBcueilUs, about 3 H. to the S.E. (cab, Sl/s'^f^-'t tramway 
from the Place Turenne, 10 or 30 c. ; atatian, see p. 130). The road 
leads to the S. from the Place Nassau, at tlie end of the Avenue 
Philip pots aui. 

The BKtUfl of Badac, funghi Sept. lei, 1870, raged moal llercely in tlie 
neighbuurlioddofBueillea. Uar^hal MacKahon, acting under ocdera from 
Paris dictated b^ political ralhec tliiD milltaT; cenlldeTalions, and endeav- 
onrlng to march rrom the camp it Cb^tons (p. W) to the leKcr of Ba- 
laiae la Heti lii Honlm^dy (V. 131). had been foreed back upon Sedan 
b; tbe victorious armiea of Ibe Crown Prince of Prulria aod Aie Ctovd 
PriDCB of Baiony. Tbe Freacb crossed Ibe MeuBe at Houiod (p. 13'J) and 
look up a position on tbe belgUIS of La MoncclH, Daigj^t, and Omnnix 
(p. 13(Q, OD tbe rlgbt bank of tbe Oitemi, a small trlbulsr; of tbe Ueuse, 
flawing to tbe E. of Baieillei, irbiie Ibelr line was canlloued to 
tbe W., vli nis aud Ftoiff, until it rested upon tbe Heuse near the 
peninanla of Iges (p. iSS). Tbe bailie began at daybreak, end from 1.90 
to 10 a.m. Baiellles and La Honcelle were llie cbief points of attack. 
Step b; slen the flgbtlng nas foreed farther to tbe "S., to Didgny and 01- 
vonno, uniil flnally, about 2 p.m., tbe rigbl wing of the Saions, who 
attacked from tbe F., and the left wing of the Frussiins, who allacked 
from theW., effected a junction at 111;. and tlie ring of Heel was cloied 

began to retire iu disorder npon tbe (own, and not all the biilliant gal- 
lantry of the cavalrr, wbo dasbed Ibemselves .igainBt the solid German 
lines in one desperile cbarge after another, could turn the tide of battle. 
When a Qerman battery opened iire upon Ibe town from tbe helcbts of 
Frdnois (p. l^S), there was nothing for It but surrender. Napoleon 111., 
who was at Sedan, Ihoufb not in command, delivered his sword to Ibe 
EIng of Prusslai and 83,000 men ancluding 1 marshal, 39 generals, and 
3230 other ofllcerB), with 10,000 horses, 1000 cannons, TO mitrailleuses, and 
an enormous quantity of stores fell into tbe hands of the victors. The Oer- 
mani are said to have lost 8000 men and tbo French 17,000. Tbe victory 

up there the French army of llO.DOo'men, wbo baJ no tim'e to recover 
from the disorganiiition of tbeir previous retreat. The Qerman allack 
was ^ded by Ike doable change of command in the French camp. Mae- 
Uahon was wounded early In Ihe day, and was succeeded by Dncrot, 
who was In turn replaced by Da Wimpffen. 

Near the beginning of the village of Bazeiltes, lo tbe left of the 
road, is the email tavern A laDetnilreCaf louche. The name recalls 
the fact that thla was the last French position in tbe village, 
desperately defended by tbe marines nnder Martin des PailKrea 
against Von der Tann'i Bavsriana. The inn, wMeh was the only 
house in the whole Tillage not burned down, now contains a small 
Afuieum of relies ot the battle (fee), and one of the rooms on the 
first floor is still preserved In the same state as is depicted Sn A. 
de NeaviUe's painting of 'The Last Cartridge', the scene of whith 
Is laid In the house which has borrowed Its name. 

The street to the right of the road leads into the village, pairing 
near the cemetery, rendered conspiciioua by its Otsuaitr, conCsIhlng 

BAauaain's IfortherD France, lih Edit. 9,10 

130 BoaU 18. ST. UIHIEL. From Fmit 

lh« bones of 2035 French and Qenasn soldiers ismoved from their 
temporuy graves on the battlefield. Tisltors ohtais admiaBlon on 
applying at the nearest taiem, the keeper of which ia the aexton. 
The Email monument io front oT the Oesaaire commemoratea 600 
BavariaDB wbo fell in the battle; the other large monument in 
the cemetery doee not refer to the events of 1870. — The French 
soldiers and villagers who vera killed in tlie defence of the place are 
commemoiated by a truncated Pyramid in the village. — Farther 
donn, near the Heuse, is tbe lailway-Etitioti of Bazeilloa (p. 129). 
Ftto 1 BKPiS TO BouiLtOM, 13 M., diligence (2 ft.) Ikrice daily. The 
load aaamia ta tbe N.E. by the Fm^ dt aivonnt, and crotiei part ot tbe 
baiUeileld of 1870 (p. 139). S K. (HnMne, on tbe atreamlet of Ike aame 
DUne, «as the cenlrs of tbe Freneb ^sition. At (Q M.) La CliapelU Is tbe 
FreDsbEagtom-boiuei and bejand it we entertbe/'Drail s/ '*''<''«"«'■ After 
3 U. more we enter Belgium. — 12 M. Bsuillon (H9UI dt la mu, eood ; 
ill Ai-denr^th wilh about 2B00 inb»h„ waa fDrmerly the capital of an inde- 
pendent dnchv. From 1785 (ill 1816 it belonged to France, afterwards it pass- 
ed to Lmembourg, but since 1B3!) it has been united with Belgium- The 

from Hoi 

itberm^' la 

tbe 1 

most allriOliYe 

parts of the 

•alley, see p. 'll2. 


Sedab It 

, I,81H.0T11.L<. 91 M. 

(to Hanor, 


K.), riUway in 
il Q'U M-) Ponl- 

. anJ begins to 

IV, -71/1 1 

Its. (fares 

. IS, 13 b. SB, ' 

j2.«^. tl 

le Uds di 

s to' tbe left f. 


ley of the JfeuM 

. 31^11, /« 


. Branch-line to 

dee below; 

P. - 9 il. Mcuzan, lh< 

J «3ent Ml 

UiH ('Field of Iho 

Heuse'), a 

t. and the remai 



achntcb of tiielS-iaihcen 




century. - 

- 15V. M. 

'•■.i-Baumoi.l. i 

il Scatmonf, 

, iV. 

3000 mea 

under Oei 

de FaiUy guard 

ed the passage 0] 


lated and 


red by the Sax 

"mssiIb"^ I 

ID Ad 

g. 30th, 1870. - 

MM- bV-: 

wn In the Pays 

ine, was at odd 

isly forUlled. . 

kl {33 U.) Dan-DoMleim (he 

67 M. 

Tsrdm. . . 

121. Our line 1 

y te Ueti on the 

and Rheims on 

the rigbl, , 


St. mhie 

1 t/Mltl du Cnnn.), with B350 Inl 


iltnatad on "the 

right bani 

lidpal DfBoes. 1 

AMev 0/ Bt. MthaH, 

pied b.t thi 

Jolh tbe abbey a 

nd the CAureft </ 

t 17lh century. Tbe chnreh ci 
of (he Uadonna, by Llgier Riehier (p. tit; In tbe cbolr); a child beside 
two skulls, perhaps by Jean Richlet (In the ls( chapel on the rlght)| 
and good cholr-stalli, organ-case, and modern stained glass. The Ckorch 
tf Bt. Btiplim, in tbe old town, contains a group of llle-siied sUtues re- 
presenting (he 'EnUmtnAtnt^ considered the masterpiece of Llgier Bicbler. 
Various quaint old housei may be seen in this part of the town. 

91 M. Ureutiilt, on the line from Parii to Nancyr la S'/c »■ from 
Commercy (p. 143). 

Beyond Sedan the railway continDes to skirt the Mense fbi Gome 
distance. 174 M. Font-Xaugis is the Junction for Verdun and Li^rou- 
ville (see above) and for \ja MO Raucourl, whence a narrow-gauge 
line runs to (28l/jM.) BuKmcy-Bar, traversing one of tbe principal 
defiles of tbe Ardennes. — Crossing the Heuse, the line now ascends 
the valley of the Chiirt. ITS'/i M. BaitUUa (p. 129), — 185 M. 
Carlgrtan, a town with 2164 inhab., was at one time fortifted. Foi> 
inerly named Yvois, It changed ile name when Louis XIV. made it 

to Itett. LUXEHBOURO. 18. RiMU. 131 

a dachf in favonr of Eag^oe H4arlca of Soisions, eon of the prince 
of Oarignui. A branch-line runs hence to (I'/s M.) Mtiiempri, with 
metal-worka. — 197 M. Chauvmcy. In th« distance, to the right, is 
the dtidel of Hontni^dy, beneath which the train paEses by meana 
of a tunnel, '/a ^- !<">£• 

203 H. Mostnid; (Bot. de la Oare; Croii: d'Or), a foTtrese of 
the second class, with 2600 inhsb., ia pictaresqaely sltiiatsd on the 
Ckicrt. The rocky and tsoUted hill (Hons Hediaa) front which the 
name is derived is ocoopied by the citadel. Montm^dy was taken by 
Lonis XJV. ftom the Spaniards in 1667. Jt was bombarded by the 
Germans in Sept., 1870, after Sedan; and returning in December, 
they forced it to capitulate by reducing it to aheap of ruins. — The 
church of Avlolh, i'/^ M. to the N., Is a flue Gothic edlftce of the 
13-i4eh centuries. 

Eccutlci (frontlBr-stllion, wilh Ihs cuslom-iiQuao), liDd LwMrUau (with the 
Belgl»o ooalom-liouse), to (l^'h It-) the little Belgisn town of Virli-x. Virtoo 

206 M. Vtlosnes-Torgny (see above). Several bridges and two 
tunnels. — 3i4 M. Longnyon (Btiffet-HSltl; HStel-Cafi dt Lor- 
raine), with 3350 tnhab., pleasantly situated at the confluence of 
the Chiers and the CVusnc, is a great centre of the hardware trade. 

Froii LoBOnioB to Ldikiibobro, MV< M.-tallw&I 1° H'/j-S'/i h". (From 
Paris to Luiuabourc by IhU route, S3t K., eipress in S bra. (rarea tl fr. 
to, 28 fr. 10, 18 fr. 30c.),| — We leave the iiDS to Thionvilla and KMi: an 
Ibe right, and ucend the upper vallef of tlie Chiers. traverllng a pictur- 
eai|ue region, stndded with Iroo mines and foundries. 6Vi »- Cai'-lu- 
Oniatillt, Witt a bandsome KenalsIiBce thalun (riglit)j S K, Rihin. 

9 M. LsDEwj (Biuril-^AIiI.' lit la Oroixd'OntdrEaropiy^QBOieOattay 
t, town with V/iSi inhab., and a furtreu iif the second claas, has belonged 10 
France since 1C73. It was the first strong i>order-forlreie taken by the 
FruuUns In ITSl, and lt> weak defence eic^teil great indignation among 
the Revolutionaries at Paris. In 1S15 It was again taken hy tbe PTnasiaDB, 
ttila lime after a siege of Ibree months. In February, 1311, It surrendered 
to tbe Oermans after a d&^lructive bombardment of eight days. In the 

manufactory. Ibe picturesque upper town HQngwySa^l} lies nearly li/i U. 
from the station by the rood (omnibus, 40 c), Ihiiugb there ore Bbort-cuts 

to (11 H.i rtliirapl-VisluBiUt 1b chiefly a! Industrial ImporUnce. 

11 M. tfoal-ai-irarliii (botelj, the last French station (but cuitom-housa 
at Longwy), has a hindsDme Bomanesqne church. Brancb-Kne il^ (S</i U.) 

— The Lniembonrg custom-house Ii at(i4M.} fftujaof' (buffet). Luxcnboug 
nllway-tlme IsSSmfn. la advance o( French railway-time. — 16 U. Pilange! 
Iirancb-liiie to EtlclbrS/t and (SS'/i H.) Dittirch (see Batitttr'i Brlgitiia * 
ffallaiuri. Igi'tH. Baieltaro4: 21 1^ M. Dlppiteli; 2511. Liniltloni/I. 

wltb 2fi,00o' inhab., at una time a firtress of the Oennau Confedeiatlon, is 
Ihecapilal of tbe grand-duchy of Luiemhourg. The situation oflbe townis 

CDliar and picturesque, liie upper part is perched upon a rocky lable- 
d. wbi^ is bounded an three aides by abrupt preeinlece, 200 ft. in 
bdgbt. At the foot of these Dow the PitnuH and Uie AbtlU, which are 
bounded by eqnally precipitous rocks on the opposite bank. In Uiia 

5 Route 18. THIONVILLE. from ParU 

9 ]I1Ub Id d<t^o (he Iraiellcr. It Is connected iriib tbe atiUon 1>j 

. Tbe HBtel de TiJle and tbe . 
Lece Ounuu 
I of Kins »■' 

Batdtif't Belsiaia and BeHati and Batatkir'i Rhli 
Fbou Lonquidh to Nahci (und Ueli, vii Confl 
jor-MoseUe), W/s M-, railwaj in »l,-l|^|^ hri. (fu- 
8 fr. IB e.). Thli line formg put of Ibe route tri 
treina from Galsii to Neney, SlrasBburg, etc, {R. 111. 

;. 16th, i«iS. Alu^ JfonuffHnl.puBed before « 

brsDcb-line runs to (61/iBO TMauccvrl, lituited to theS.W. in tbe pretl; 
Yftller of the aupt dt ilad, which tbe main line also traTeries towu-da ths 
B. — At (46 M.) Pagny-nr-MoHlIt (p. 12Sj ou line unites with thai from 
HUi to Kinuard and Hancr (p. 145). 

Beyand Longoyon the line to Thionville and Hetz threads ai 
tunnel and enters the v&lUy of the Crtiane, vhlch it eontlDuee to 
ascend', crossing tbe streim se'sral times. Beyond (220 M.) Pitrrt' 
poni, picturesqueiy situated, a tunnel {'/2 M.) is traTorsed. — We 
quit the valley hy another tuiineL 

230 M. Avdvn-U-Eoman ia the frontier-station, with the French 
custom-house. The German custom-house is M (335 M.;) Fenl>ch 
(Fr. Fonloy), where the time is 56 min. in advance of French rail- 
way-time. Beyond another tunnel we begin to descend the lalley 
of the Fentsch. 240 M. Hayingen (Fr. Hayange), with impotiant 
iron- works. 

244V2 H. Thionville, or Ditdmhoftn (B6t. Mthn; de ta Poite), 
a fortiQed town on the Moselle, with 10,000 inhab., was captured in 
1643 by the Prince of Cond«, and on Nov. 24th, 1670, by the 
Germans, after a bombardmenl of two days. 

From Thionville to Luxembourg (see above), ace Baidcttr'i Bilgium and 
Sollaad or Baidtkir'i RMne; to Triret {4SVi ■-), SaarbrdcUa, Baargtmand, 

The Met! line now ascends the valley of the Moselle. 245 H. 
VecUngen (Fr. Vckange); 260 M. Beidienberg (Fr. RichtBwnt); 
261 M. Hagendingen (Fi. Hagondange) , the centre of the Iron' 
fgundlng carried on in the valley of the Ome, which ia traversed by 
a short goods-line (see p. 126); 253 M. Mahiirti; 261 M. Dtvant- 
lei-Ponts, near Fort Moselle. The line describes a carve to tbe W. 
and crosses tbe Moselle. To the right diverges the line to Verdun 
and Paris, then the lines to Frouard and Paris aud to Saarbiiicken 
and Strassburg. — 263 M. Meh. 

MetE Ifor deUllg, aee fineda^B-'i RAfm). — Hstali. •Oiahd Hutil, 
■Ohibd Hotki. di aiiz, Bne dea Clercs i and 8, both of Ihe Bral elatai 
D'AKOLETEau. Euo su Bill, near Ihe caibedrolt uk Pabib, near the Plaeo 
de ChunbTe, elc. — Oaf4i on the Esplansde. 

sddil. pert. 20 pt-i per 'It hi., 1 pm. I jT, 3 pers. 1 Jl aOpf etc. — Blftttio 

f Mt Ottit >1 the corner of the Ene de I'Espluiide Md Rue [l« li Polte. 

Idtti, tbe capital of Oerman Loiraine, with 46,800 inliab. and > 
gaiiison of 23,000 men, lies In a wide basin on tha Motellt, wbicb 
flovB in EeTaral Bims tbrougb tbe town, at the lower end of wbich 
it is Joined on tbe rigbt by the 8eilU. In \&b1 it was captuied by 
tbe Fiencb, but In 18T0 eunendered to the Germans and again 
IncoTpoiated witb the German Empire in IBTl. Hetz has always 
been strongly forlifled (at one time by Vauban), and under the later 
Fiencb regime wae ren<lered ons of the greatest fortresses in Europe 
by the construction of forts on tbe neighbouring heights. Tbe fartl- 
ficationB hare been much oitended since 1871; and tbe outworks 
now form a girdle round the town of about 15 M. in circumference. 

Bebind tha Place EmptrtuT Chtillavmt, reached from the station, 
is the Eiplonade, laid Out in pleasant walks and embeEished with 
a bronze statue, by Petre, of Marshal Ney (1769-181&) and a bronze 
eqaeatrian statue o! Emperor William I., by F. von Miller. The W. 
side of tbe Esplanade affords a beautiful view of the valley of the 
Moselle, with the Hont St. Quentin rising on the left. 

The 'G&THBiiBAi. (St. Bltphtn), in tbe centre of the town, is a 
magnificent Qotblc Etrnotuie of tbe 13~i6th centuries. It has been 
in process of restoration since 1875. The choir and transept contain 
fine stuned-glaas windows. Tbe tower, 387 ft. high, commands a 
flue view of the town and the fertile 'Fay) Mtiiin'. 

Ti.itors are forbiflden to walli abool tbe calho^ral dnring the aervices, 
tit. S-12.30 BDd t.3(M> OD Sun. « holidays, and »-iO.S0 and 3-3 on other daya. 

The Place d'Armes, adjoining tbe cathedral, is adorned with a 
Slatvc of Marshal Fabcrt (1599-1662). 

The Library and the tfuifum, containing coUections of Roman 
antiqiiities, natoial history, and paintings, occupy the same bnilding 
in the Rue de la Blblioth^que, which leads from the Place d'Armes. 
— A little farther on we reach a branch of the Moselle, above the 
island on which are the former Prifeciwe, the Theatre, etc Near the 
opposite bank, farther down, is the Porle QiambiiTt or Bcklachl- 
haat-ThoT, to the N. of which is tho cemetery, with a monument to 
French soldiers who fell here in 1870. The farther side of the island 
is washed by the main aim of the Moselle, beyond which rises a fort, 
near Devant-les-Ponts (p. 133). 

The Rue Foumime (Qoldscbmied-Strasse) leads in the other 
direction ttam tbe Place d'Armes to tbe older quarters, with their 
pictarelqae Tarmtries. Farther on, on the banks of the Seille, is 
the Porte des Allemaads (1446-48), a quaint old town-gate, restored 
in 1892. 

Th« Battle Fieldi of IBUi aod lath Augiuit, 1870, li« to tlie W. of 
Metz, oa the road to Terdao. A rigit to Ihem occuplu a wbols day 
(9-10 hr«.), and may be mosl convenieplly accomplished either entirBlyby 

or bT Uking tbe tr^n (o Art (p. 133) or to AmaatiUvi fp. ISB), and pioeesd- 
tuE ihcBtt t>T oraDibni. Tbe Baitii of nuiHHi'Ih, fought on the Ifith Aog., 
wu ona of ths bloodiest of tbs wtioie war. In the conita of tbe dsy ns 

ir thu 138^ French ti 

ef,000 men with 212 guns. 
a eatlmated at HTg offlccri and lB,miiien, and UieQi 
leers and 15,Dt» rank and llle. — The eight Oerman 
id In the Ballti of OrimlttU, f c ' ' ■ *"■ 

'■ ■ oIOdi 

piJ ol. 

le Intended m 
he battle orsiit Aug. and lat Sept. was toufb 
and mogt determined altemft ol Uarehal Ba- 
ecmSD arnijr nhlch had aurroundad Ueli since 
Bcl or diipnle wai the small village of JTaiiti- 

ThlonTllle, lies IFelppt, 
tied In the rclreal of the 
— At (he chitean of Fru- 

mitrsil lenses, 511 Beld-pleces, and 800 fortress-gans , together with a Tast 
qnantity of other mnnlUons of war, was surrendered to the Qcrmans. 

FnouHsTZToSTHieiBDBO vilSiinBuno, eSH., railvay in a*/i-l>/> bri. 
(eioreu-fwea Uj» 60, 19^1130, 1^80 pf., ordinary 12Jieo, SJtKI, 
6U BOpf.). — 13V< M. SimlHy la the juncHon for the line from Meli to 
Baarhriicken. BSlf. Bt^dorf or BlnatToff it also a suUon on the Kancy 
and Saargemiind line (p. im. M (i7 H.) S'tra.tlmiTigm «e Join the line 
from Baarhrtlcken. From (U'/i ''O AaoHwrv (Fr. Barnbowy') onr ronte 
colDcldea with (hat from Paris and Kane; to Slrasebu^ (lee p. 323). 

From Met: lo atrauiurii, vli Frouerd and Nancy, 131 M. (no thtongh 
trains), comp. BR. l!<a and \b. — To JVsncv. 38 M. In 3 hrs. (fares 6 Jl 10, 

19. From Paris to Nancy (Strassbnrg). 

H. EAimAKQarederEsl; PI. C. 34)in6i/.-8V>lira. (farca 

salooDA, and dloing-earrlages, takes paasengf 
ploR-places, if there Is room. Fares to Ch&lon.'-sur-Harne S fr. BBc, to 
Vancy II fr.. to Avricoart 12 fr. SO c, and to Btrassbuig ih It. 10 c, In 
addition lo Itie ordinary eipreas-fares. Places may he booked In adTanee 
at the QfHee of tlie CompunU des Waeona-litt, Place de I'Op^ra S, in 
Paris, and al 132 Psll M&ll^ondon. -Dinner fl fr., wine eitra. 

Another line has been opened to Vilrflt'Ftancait (p. lUI), vll Cenlern- 
mltri (p. 290). hut thoogh i>!t K. aborter it is lerved by slower trains 
(7-71/4 hra. Instead of 3-&^hrg.). 

LAONT. 19, SouU. 135 

I. From P«rto to GbUoni-nir-lIariie. 

ICnVi H. Kailitat ia 2i/,-D bra. (fuel IS rr. W, IS fr. 20, B fr. 5E> c.)- 
Tlie tiain passes andsr seveiaJ streets, Intersects the Ghemin de 
Fei de Ceintme, and crosses the Canal de St. Denis and the ibrtifl- 
cations. — a'/j M. Pantin {29,716 Inb.b.). Beyond the Cansi de 
rOnrcq Tre reach (S'/j M.) Nolsy-le-Sti:. To the left Is the large 
station of the Chemin de Fer de Grande Celnture ; to the right dl- 
Torgee the r»ilw»y to Belfort (R. 40). — 7 M. Bondy. 

right branch mnning to (lift K.) Iwrj/, iriti an anoieni abbey, lie left 
SaiasDiu (p. 11G), ' 

8M. L( Ilalncy'VilUmomblc. Le Baincy, to the left, is a modern 
tOHH of 712S inhab,, boilt in the park of the chateau, which belong- 
ed to Ae OrMans family and was pillaged In 1848. 

Feoh Li BiiugT to HoBirBKHEiL, !i/i M., eleclrfo tramway In 'h br. 
(farea IS c, 35 c.J 

ll'/a M. ChelUi-Ootimay. At ChcUet, to the left, was the villa 
of the Merovingian kings, in which Fiedegnnda, in 634, caased 
Chilperic I. to he murdered. Chelles was celebrated for its abhey, 
destroyed after 1790. Farther on is a foct — U M. Vairti-Tony. 
At Noiiiel, 1/2 H. to Che E. of Torcy, is Henler's hnge chocolate- 

ITVs H. Logny iSdtel du PorU de Fa, on the bank of the 
Harne), the Laliniacum of the Romans, Is a commercial town of 
6440inhab., situated on the Mamt. It was burnt by the English in 
1358, sacked by Jacques de Lorreine in 1544, and taken by Henri IV 
from the Duke of Parma in 1691. 

The early-Gothic Church of St. Pierre, with double aisles, i» 
worth a lisit. It is really the choir of an Immense abbey-chnrch, 
no more of which was ever built In the square near the church is a 
curious old fountain ; and not far off are some remains of a famous 
Abbey, founded in the 7th cent, by St. Fursy (p. 72). 

A brsnch-rallway runs from Lagny to (12 H.) Jforfor/. The trains 
Bttrt from a local italioa on the left hank of (he TJTet, about IH. {torn the 

anlhue) by the lecondtuinlDe to tbe left beyond the bridge. 

H-U-ComU eonlalns a church of the 13tb century. At 
'trlciif the lice meelg the branch- railway from Gieti to Vilry- 
K-rrancols (p. 290). 

Diligence from Lagoy to (BM.) FerrUra-in-Bne (p. 290), 76 c. 

Seyond Lagny the train crosses the Macne and enters a short 
tunnel. The river here makes a detour of 10 M., which vessels 
avoid by means ofthe Canal de Chaliftrt (to the right), which is also 
carried through a tunnel. — QSM.Eably, on the Grand Morin, a 
picturesque river which frequently floods the environs of Paris. 

Brancb-llne to (6 H.) (Trfcven-Srfe (Ours), a small town with remains 
of ill medieval fertlllcatlons. CliapeUMiir'OrUv k U. to the E., has a 
rematkabla ehareb of the 13lh untnrl. 

28 H. Mwnz {Bulftt; HSM de> Troii Boii, Rue St. Kemy, 
near the cathedral; tie la Sirint, Rae 3t. Nicolas), a town with 

136 Route 19. MEAUX. From ParU 

13,690 Inhali., Eltu&ted on the Manu and caiiiea on an actiT« 
tisd« in grain and Brie che«a«e. 

Umoi, IL« iDcicnl laUmaa, wet (he ciplUl artli« proTiou of Brie 
In Ihe middle tea. In 8Ki It wag burst bj the NormuiiVtba Engliili 
caplured 11 Iq llas, in HJ9 it wm ra-laken by the Prcncb. It «*i 
one of Ihe fir^t plKei [n Frsnoe to adopt the EBformaUon. 

We enter the town via the Place Lafayttte, adjoined on the left by 
bandsome bouIevardB. Farther on is the H6tei de ViUc, containing 
a library of 18,000 vols, and a small Musie (Sua. 2-5). 

Jbe'CathtdTal ofSt.EtieTmtiai. Gothic edifice of the 12-16th cent- 
uries. The facade, well worth examination, is nnfortonately marreil 
by the slated roof of the still unfinished S. tower. The N. tower, 
which has no spire, is 260 ft. higb and commands an extensive view. 

Tbe Innupt is adoroed with elaborate enrletimenta. The nave, Uie 
latest potUon of Ihe bnildlDg, beloasi to the best period of Oolbic art. 
Soiiuel, irbo was Biahop of Heaui from I6BI lo ITU, ii buried in lbs 
lanctuarv, and his alalue, erected in 183S, li on Ibe 8. side of the diolr. 
Od the left are a bandsome porlal of tbe ifith cent, and Ibe kneeilog stnlue 
of Pblltp ot Castile (d. 1621). — The copiai of RaphaeVi Cartormi formBilJ' 
here were truaferred (o the QobBlIns alTerfa In iS<S. Orgao-eaae of 1037. 

To the left of the facade of the cathedral U tite Episcopal Palact, 
rebuilt in the 17th cent., with a garden laid out by Le NStre; to the 
left of the choir, the MalMie (13(h cent.). — In the Place Henri IV 
la the statue of OemratRaoult (1810-70), who was mortally wounded 
at FriBschwiller, by Aubf. — Some curious old Milli are siloated in 
the bed of the river, behind the U6tel de Ville. 

Tbe train passes dose to the cathedral as it quits Meaux, and 
crosses the Canal de I'Ourcq and the Mame. — At (31l/i M.) Tril- 
port the line to Rbeinia vii La Ferttf-Milon diverges to the left 
(_R. ISa). Farther on la a tunnel, 735 jds. long. 36 M, Changis. 

41 M. La FerU-BOna-Ioaaire fH6tel de I'EpeeJ, on the Marne, 
a town with 4820 inhab.. Is famous for its miU'Stone quarries. Tbe 
valley in which it lies is fertile and well-cultivated, and the hills 
■re covered with woods or vineyards. 

JoKUre (botela), the Oiillie Oftodunis ('divine foctcese'): i'/> »■ *o the 
8. (omolbnB), wu formarlr noted for its nbbey, founded In the 7th cent., 
aflerwardi replaced by a Benedictine cODyent. One of tbe i3lh cent, towers 
of tbe latter still remaiiia. Behind Ihe (Stureh (IDtb cent.) is a crypt of 
an earlier slructnie, with Mecovineian cnlnmna of murhle and tarcophi^l 
of various peri>id9. — A branch-line runs from La Fertf-souS'Jouam to 
(30 M.) Jfonlmiroi'I (p. 1ST). 

The train crosses two bridges, threads a tunnel, 1030 yds. 
long, crosses a third bridge, and skirts tbe left bank. ^ 46 M. 
Santeuil-Saai:!/. Beyond (62 M.) Nogent-l'Artatid is another tunnel. 
— 55 M. Cheiy-iuT-Marnc. To the left diverges the line from 
CbSteau-Ttiiecry to La Fert^-Milon (see p. 114). 

59 M. Chtttean-Tbieny (Buffet-BSut; EMphanl; AngUterre), 
on the Marne, ','2 M. from the station, is an attractive town with 
7083 inbab. and manufactories of mathematical and wind instru- 
ments. A fierce battle was fongbt here in 1814. 

At tbe entrance of the town, to the right, is a mediocre Statue 

to fanry. EPBRNAY. 19. Route. 137 

of La Fontaine {tfit below], Fmhar on are aB«i/rBd«tlDgfronj the 
16th centnir, and the Place de I'H&tel Aa VjUe vith the hi>ndEOine 
new HStd de VUle and the Theatre. We ascend liom the aqque by 
a flight of 103 steps to the ruined Castle, which we enter from the 
right This caetle, said (o have been built by Charles Martel in 730, 
was besieged and taken by the English in 1421, by Charles V. in 
l&i4, and by ether assailants on various other occuions. Save for 
its outer ramparts, it has now almost completely disappeared. 

Qolttiog the ruins by the small gateway in the tower on the 
outer wall, opposite t)ie entrance, we descend in the direction of the 
Colligt. In the adjoining honse (Rue de La Fontaine 12), Jean de La 
J'onlaiiM (1621-95), the faboJiei, was bom; It now contains a library 
and a small muBeam. In the Grande Bae, tower down, rises the un- 
interesting Church (16th cent). 

Fbuk CHATiAD-TnrEKii TO BoMTLLi, UVi U., Tallwai in i'li-S itii. 
(farei 9 fr. ES. 6 fr. «», 4 fr. 3S c). — Tbiii line dlvergei rrom (lie L'haiona 
rallwa; at (6>/i «■) Mixv (He below), tbe fliM atattoD, and ascends the valleya 
nf IbB SamuUtt and the DliuU. Part of Ibe water-iupplT of Paria li derlTcd 
from Ibe Dhota by means of an aquednct, 81 U. long, brglnning at (IS X.) 
J^gnii-la-DhaU- — SJ'/i M. Knnlmirail (IDUl du Kn'MJoJanl;. a town of 
[JSOOiDhab., iltualed on a htll commBadine tbe pretl; Tali«v of the FitU 
Mtrla, Is noted for a Tittoi; gained by Kapoleon over (he Allies In IBlt. 
The Oiiliau, wbieh 1<» to tbs S.'W., surronnrled by a large park , wa> 
maguifleently tebuni in Ibe 17th i^ect. by Louvols, Ibe minister of war of 
Looii Xiy. CaidiDtl de Rett (1614-79) was bom at MonlmiraU. — il M. 
Eiltntar, alia a lUtion on the line from Paris to Vitiy vli Conlommiera 
(p. 59W. — Beyond (61 M.) Larev-Conllani wa cross the Btiu and Join the 
line frain Paris to Troyes. — U'/> ^- StmillV, see p. 393. 

A braneb.lloe also rans from Cbilean-Thlciry to (Wh H.) la ftrli- 
ifflM (p. lU) yi& (17Vi U.) OulchfBmf (p. 114), on tbe line from Paris 

At ChStean - Thierry begin the vineyards of Champagne. — 
641/2 M. Mfty ; branch to RomiUy, see above. At (71U, M.) Domani 
Henri of Guise defeated the Germans and Huguenota in 1675, but 
received the wound which gave him the Eurname of 'Le Balafrj' oi 
'the scarred'. A little farther on, to the right, is Trolitji, with a 
handsome church of the i6th cent, and to the left are the ancient 
priory of Vinson and the plateau of ChStillon-ivr-MaTne, where e 
eolossal atatue of Pope Urban II. (1043-99), who was bom in the 
neighbourhood, was erected in 18fl7, from a design by Bouband. — 
78 M. Port-a-B(njo>i. Near (84 M.) Damtry-Bounault, the neit 
station, rises (to the right) the 'ChSteau of BauraauU. in ^e Renais- 
sance style, tbe property of the DuchcEse d'Uz^e. 

88 M. Epemay. — Hotels. Ds t'EcaoPK, Rne Porto-Lncasi ox 
PiBis, Hace Auban-Mocl, pens. 7'/ifr.i llBT.-EiST. ot l* Oare, Place 
Thiers. — Oafii. 7)</'arii, Kue Forte-Lucas ^ Spamadm, Place Thiers ; elc. 
— Oood Bvff»l at Ibe station. 

Eptrtmy, the Spamaeum of antiqaity, a town vrith 30,478 inhab. 
prettUy situated on the left bank of the Marne, is the centre of the 
champagne-trade. The handsome houses tn the snbnrb of La FoUe, 
on the E., close to which the train passes as it qnite the town, afford 
some indication of the lucrative nature of the local industry. Either 

138 Route 19. CHA.LONS-SUR-MAENE. From Pari. 

here or at Rbeims (p. 122) a vlait shonld be paid lo one of the Tast 
Cellar) of the champagDe-makers, consisting of long galleriei, hewn 
in the chalk roek, containing handteds of thoneanda of 1)ottles (Out 
namber laid down annasllr is estiuuted at 5 millions} and ajmli^ 
ably adapted for the nnmerons delicate operations nee«SBai]' for iha~~ 
production of the wine. 

Champs^De is gud to haTe bHn InTanted at (he beglaning of tbs48th 
seatary. Its dietinguiBtiiiig quality of effaivBaoeacs ig due lo (he urbonie 
acid eaa gensratei by fErmentatlon, whioh, aniet ita own preggnre of 
4 or B atm«spheroa, ig held In a state of Uquetactlgn nnlU tie cork ii 

of black' and white grapei. Tbe mast thai Brgt Isgnes From the preuaa 
li reHcred for the <vlng ie cuv^e', or Brat quality brands. After &e leea 

of the liquid, which is then placed In caaki to ferment. Two or three 
months later (usually about the end of December) It ig racked off Cthe 
sediment remaluiDa behind), diluted or alren^hened as required, and 
finally strained and Bacd. In spring, after more sugar has been added, 

weighing; 29-30 os. each. , which are then placed head downward in cellars 
kept at a consUnt lemperatare of 16-50° Fahr. The sediment thus collect- 

eorjeage', lo which the cork is allowed to fly out. The bottles are tm- 
medialel;r filled up with a carafnUy compounded miitnre of old wine. 

In 1V< bi. (faiet t fr. 60, 3 fr. 10 c, 2 fr.). — Thi) ling dlyatges to 
right from the atragsborg railway at (iVt H.) Oirs-ltanua, and traiei 
a wine-growing district, tM Wt «.) Avtti and (U ■) Virha. — -aHh 
La Fbn-ChanuitnoiH la algo " """" — "" """ """ '"" 
Francoig (p. 980), from whic 
a branch to RcniHt (p. 3BS). 

-From Epeinay to RAiim, (lUiitres; Hsti), ges p. ilT. 
92 M. Oity-Marcua, ebo above. About 3 M. to the S. of (99 U.) 
Jalons-Us- Vignei, naai the Chateaa of Ecary at ChampigneiU, is a 
vety ancieat heronry, ocoapied by the birds from Feb. to August. 
lOTi/i M. CMlons-Bui-Manie. - Hotel; 
— '"1, a; C,3), KtoABD CPl. b; 0,2), Plaee d. 

31/1, 4^j.orI>.3tr.iLAOLOOHBB^OB(Pl.e, , ,, 

lear Notre Dame; Lioh-d'Ob (F1. A, C, 2), Kne du Cloitrsi i.u ^.c.... 
<e-Fek, near the station. - Beataaruta. AlUrt, Rue i Kame Bb, d«j. 
TOm Vh, D. 3 fr. 1 B^ffit at the gtation. — Oatea. Souru, BilUnt, etc.. 
Q Ibe Place de la K^publique; dn Oiiiaax. Kue de rHotel-de-Ville, etc. 
Ter drive between 6a.m. and 10 p.m. (T-8 lo winter), 1 ft.! 
p.m. and mldnigbt, I'/i; at night 3 fr.} per hr., 3, a'/s, or 8 ft. 
bf, 6 fr. Uioce and back, with glay of fhr. — Eleotrig Tram. 

ffipfiw, 8 

■■ From the Stalim (PI. A, 2) to the Fauboura St. Jean (Pi. B, S 
. ... _..,...„. ~ - iM, (pi. D, 1 

trtim Peta-Fag"*^" (comp. PI, A, 3) to the Fauboarf St. Jacquet (i 

Ch&lom-iUT-Mame , with 26,730 lobab. , U the chief town of 

the department of the Mamt, the headqnarlerB of the 6th Army. 

Corps, and tiie seat of a bishop. It is also an important centre of 

the champagne trade. 

Gbilona, the CalalauiHm of the Eomans, Is mentioned as early as the 

of Attlla and hie Bung by the Romans and the allied Franks and Vlsljulha. 
This sansuinsjy and hard-won victory, reckoned by Sir Edward Creasj 



to Nancy. CHAL0HS-3UR-MARNE. 19. Routt. 139 

»mOBt the 'Fifteen DciOstieBMUMof the Wa[M',cIieii1(edAltlls'i'mlcbtT 
Kltempt to found n new inti-Chrietiiui dinulr upon the meek of Iha tem- 
poral power of Roma'. In U30 snd 1(81 the town iDcceHfuU; defended 
iUeir ualnel etteckB by tbeEoilUhi bat Ib 1611 it ou oocupled by tbe Pnw- 
liens. In 1816 bi the Busilana, ud la Ang., 1370, by de OermitDi. 

From tba Station (PI. A, 2} «e tarn to tlie left, cioxi ttie lul- 
w&y, the H&me (which flowi In ut ■rti&cl4l cbuinel excavktad lit 
1776), ftnd floaUr tha laUrtl canal, at the entnnce of the town 
piopei. Thence the RaedeMaRie leads straight to the H£il«ldeVilie. 

Tha CiTHBnBti,(PI,B,0,2), to the right in this sttaet, l! » hand- 
some Qotblc ediflce, bniit ^ the 13th oent. and leceutlf leatoied. 
The large portal, in the dagalo style, vas added In 1628. The fine 
interior contains some stained glass of the IS-iQtb cent., a canopied 
high-altar, Tith-aii marble colamna, tvo handsome tombBlonu, on 
the pillars to the left and right of theeholr, and several other works 
of art. The choir is prolonged into the naTS, as at Kheims. 

Opposite tha cathedral is the /nitllution 8t. Etienne, a thaolog- 
toal semiDBry. The square In front of It is embellished with a re- 
prodaction of Merdtf's 'Gloria Victis', now in Paris. To the left is 
the HSUl DUa [PI. B, 2), fonnded in tha 16th cent., and futher 
on in the same direction is the EcoU da ArU ti MStier* (Pi. C, 1-2). 

The H6til db Tills (PL C, 2), erected In the 18th cant., pre- 
sents few features of interest. In front is a Monument to Preiidenl 
Cornot. The bnildlng to the right contains the Library, with abont 
70,000 TolB. (open daily, eicept Wed., 12 to 6), and the Muilt 
(edm. San. and Thncs., 12 to 4 or 6 : on other days on application). 

In Ilia couil between the llbraTjr and tbe Illn9i<e a ehurcb-mirtal of Ibe 
17tb eent. hu bsen re-erected, and a iooi eollectlon of Hindoo goda 
arranged. — On the groacidlluor are BTitiquities, caotA, and modern acnlp- 
turea. — On tbe flist noor are Dstnral hiitory eolle«lion>, nprodactloni 
in caned tvoQd at noted French norks of art, and the Colltellaa fieol, con- 
lifting chiefly of fnrniture, im&ll ^urka of art, and paintings. Among 
Uie lait are an Adoration of the Kagi, by Franck, and a Trimnph of DUna 
by FHmaUtda. 

The church of Notbb-Dahh (F1. C, D, 2), a tew yards behind the 
H5tel de Ville, second in interest to the cathedral lione, dates trom 
the 12-14th cent, and presents a union of the Romanesque and 
Qothio styles. It has two towers, satmonnted by modern spires, on 
the fafsde, and two others to the E. of the transepts. The stained 
glass windows (16th cent) are fine, especially the drst two on the 
lert side. The aisles are provided with capacious galleries, and the 
three chapels in the apse are each preceded by two columns, from 
which the vaulting springs. There are several flne monuments. 

On the E. outskliU uf the town ia tbe chareh of 91. hoop (Fl. E, S), 
dsting from tbe 11-lBlb cent., with a haadsome sod recently restored 
inlaiior. It contain! a Btatue of Bt, Chrielopher, referred to tbe IBlk cent., 
and a few ancient p^ntings, ineluding a amall triptych (AdoialioD of tbe 
Hagl; Tiiitors may open it), by a Flemieh magter of the 16tb cent., in tbe 
Sad chapel on tbe right. — The ehuieh of Si. AAs (Pi. E, 3), at the 8.E. 
extremity of the town, datefl from the ll-l£ttb cant, and anitea a Qolhio 
choir with Bomaneaque iiie and aielea. — Soin Dame da fBpiiu, ece 

140Bou(«!|9, VITRY-LE-PEANtOI8. From Parti 

To the S. at tie Plsee de rH6te1-de-Vjlle is ths ch<ir«li of 
St. Atfin (PI. 0, 2), dating from ibe 12-13th and 15- 16th centnriea. 
It contains numeTona ancient paintinga, the chief of which ore a 
Ghriet, aigned Ant. Perot and dated 1651 (in the 3rd chapel to the 
light), a Christ at Emmaos, after Pb. de Ohampaigne, and a^Bearing 
of the Cross, attribnteii to Penigino (in the following chapela), Thia 
chnrch haa also some flne stained glass of the i6tb century. 

The Place dt la SfpubUque (Pt. C, 2), a little beyond St. Alpin, 
forms tbe centre of the town. To the right, at ita other end, is the 
Jard (PI. B, C, 3; hand on Sun. and Thnis. aftenioona), a public 
park lying in front of the little Ch&ltau du Marchi (17-18th cent.), 
now occupied by a savings-bank. Tbe Roe Locbet, built above & 
canal pasi<ing undei the efalteau, leads benee back to the town, 
passing on its way a handsome Synagogut and a Proieitont CTiurcA. 
Tha Jard is bounded on the right by aoanal, between which and the 
Mame lies the Jardin Anglaii (PI. B,3). — On the left is the Court 
ifOrmeiicn (PI. 0, 3), with an AgriiMllund Lofiorafory and tbe 
JordhnieaRanJti. Atthe end of theCours is theiV^;%e(twit(PI.D,3), 
erected in the 18th century. Faningitare the niodem'4reAloC(. The 
Grand BiminaiM, to the right of the prefecture, coulains a sinall 
geological and arobtsological Diasenin. At the end of the Rue iSte, 
Orolx riees the Porle Bte. CroUc (PI. D, 3), a triumphal arch, 60 ft. 
high, erected in 1770 to welcome Marie Antoinette, and left on- 

Hot far from the gtation, from whioh its two loweri ara vliibla, 1* 
tbe rormet iTmur o/ Jac^tiim. dow Dsed a> a dIMIllery, bteirary, and 
mall'twiue. Connecled irith It ate T H. of cellaJ-ige, lienn In the chalk, 
whleh aro EBnerally shown on inpUcatioo. 

Abuut E H. to llie E., on the load tu Bte. Henehould, <■ tbe rtllage 
of I/Bpins, famoui for Its bauitiful and mucb-fnnueuUd 'PilgHmaot 
Charth, bnllt In U20-1&29 (racenUj restored) to thelteT a mlracnloui ilalue 
of the Virgin, found In a ihoTD-tiuili by aome sb«ph«idi. Th« porUl la 
aipeclally elaborate. The ralraculoai Image (reitored). tbe organ of the 
ISlb cent., the choir-acreeo, the treasury, and the repruentaUon oi the 
Holy Sepnlchie ibould be notlud. 

From Chiloni-iui-Hame to T'oya, lee p. 2m noul iWtlon near the 
midn-lloe iMtioaJi to MHt tU Verdun, lee p. 123. 

n. From CbUoni-anr-Hante to ITsno;. 

112 U. Ri,!LiVAE in 2'/<-9i/( hri. (farej 20 fr. 35, 13 fr. 80, 8 fr. 90 e.). 

The line skirta the chalk hilla on tbe right bank of the Mame, 
traversing the wide plain known as the Chawpagne Fouilleatt. 
At (108'/iM. from Paris) Coolui the line toTroyes(p.298) diverge* 
to the right. lieVi M. YilTy-la-VilU, wltb a chlteau of the 18th 
cent., to the right; 123'/2lil. Loiiy, with a handsome Gothic church 
of the 13th cent., to the left. We next cross the Mame and reach — 

127 H. Titr7-le-rituifoiB (HSlel des Voyageun, Rue d« 
Vsux 34, good; dt la Cloeht, Rue de Filgnicourt ii; dtla Oare), a 
town with 8560 inhab., formerly fortlfled, founded on a regular plan 
In 1645 by Francis I. in place of Vitry-U-BriUi, i'k M, to the N.E,, 



to Kancy. BRIBNNE. 19. Eoutt. 141 

wbkb WM dwtroyed l)y Charles V. in 1644. At the end of the 
Avenue Camot, leading stiBight on from the etatioD, is a Monument 
commemoTaliDg the Btvitm at Vitry In 1391. Behind is the H6ul 
dc ViUe, containing a email Moitt, irhich indades natural liieiory 
andantiquariaDcolleotioni, aplcture-gallety and Oriental cnrioeities. 
From the Place d'Armei, in the centre of the town, taditte^the four 
chief streets. On the left side of the Place is the chuioh of Notn 
Dame, a large and handsome edifice of Ibe ITth cent., containing 
two noteiroithy monnments of the end of the 18(h century. In a 
email square to the right is a bronze statue ; by Uarochetti, of Royer- 
Collard (1763-1846), a native philosopher and politician. 

■" " .K-FtAHcoia TO JaasArae (Trojies, C^ " """ " 


ri(> '{p. 3d5). — aj M.' BriennB.le-bhat*M 

,_ _ , _.., _ .. ■• Ibe 80B,t of a military sehool U . 

prssBBd in ITBO}, of wWcb Kapoleon I. wu a popil (1719^). A bronw 
statna of Xapollm a tha age of Bf.teen, In front of Ibe Ho'tel da VtUe, 
commemorates the fact. It was also the scene of a sangninary struggle in 
1811, belween Kapoleon and Bliicbet, In which tlie_ Ultcr was forced to 

members, Jean, was Ktna o( Jeruaaleir io 1309 and Emperor of Oon- 

Prince ie Banffremonl-OiiorteDay, dating from the ISlli century. The park 
Ib open to the public, and the collection nf paintings (numeruui portraita) 
in the interior may also be visited. The Church dales from the 161h century. 
— Railway lo Troyii -H PIney, see p, 398. 

The railway to leHaloa next ascends the valley of the Asbt, which 
it croaiei tteyond (38V? ») I^ernille. We now join the Use from Troyes 
lo Gfaaumont, and reach 03Vi H.) JeMiaiiu (p. 3^). 

From Vltry-le-FraajDis to PaHi vli Conlmmia-i, tee p. 290. 

Beyond Vitry the railway crosses the Marne for the last time 
and sMrls the Rhine and Afame Canal, which begins at Vitry and 
ends at the HI, near Strassburg, a distance of 196 M. — The scenery 
now becomes monotonous. 135'/^ M. Bleune-Eanss^imont (imalt 
Buffet) is the junction for Chaumont and Epinal (see p.306). 143 M. 
Sermalze (H6t. de U Cloche ; de la Source, at the Ktablissement), 
on the Saulx, with a small Etabtissement de Bains, i/j M. from the 
station, supplied by a mineral spring resembling that of Contrex^- 
^tUe Cp. 314). 

We nest cross the SauU, the Rhine and Matne Canal, and the 
Ornain, and reach (148 M.) Reoigny-iuT-VOmain. 

Branch-railway to (ITI/3 M.) Bl. Dliiir, see p. 306; to Amannt-Laequ^, vSi 
Sle. Ifmthnad, see p. 137. Local rMlways also run to the 3.B., tlirough the 
valley of the Sauli, to (IS'/i X.) Halroimlte, and to the S.E., to d'/i UO 
THoaeoorl. vii (14 H.) LiilMn-SarroU, whence a braDch diverges 10 Ssm^er- 
iMurl.auz.PDli (p. 113). 

l&7'/2 M. Bar-le-Dno. - Heteli, Da Mbti & dd Cokiibbcb (PI. h; 
£,3), BDedelaBoehellelT; de u GaBa (PI. a; C,2|, with caf^, opposite 

the HStel de Hetsi de la Rochiae, at the corner of Ihe Rnea de la Gare and 
de la Bochelle 1 di la Oan, 

Oabi. Per drive In the Vtlle Basse, i ft., lo the Vllle Haute, I'Afr.i 
per h[. (1-3 peia.) S fr., each addit. pers. BOc. )o|c 

Bar-te-Duc, the ancient capital of the Dukes of Bar and tKe chief 

142 Rovte 19. BAR-LE-DUC. From Parit 

town of the department of the Meuit, witb 17,693 iithab., is situnted 
on the Ornain and the heights lieing on its left hanb. It was th« 
biith-pUce of tbe second Duka of OniEe|(1519-63), Maishal 
Oudinot {1767-1847J, and Marehal EiBlmsne (1776-1862). Bai- 
Ib-Ddc is noted foi ita pieseives, and it also produces good wine. 

In front of the Tailway-station a Monumtnt da Et^anlB de la 
Mtiae who feU tn the war of 1870-71 (PL 12; 0, 1, 2) was erected 
in 1901. The husiest part of the town is the 'Ville Baase', which Is 
intersected from E. to W. by the Sue de la Roehelle, the principal 
street. At the E. end of this street is tbe new^ehurch of Si. Jtan 
(PI, 8; D, 2), an Imposing edifice in the Bom»nesqne style. 

NotTc-Dame (PI. B, 1), at tbe W. end of the town, dates from 
the 16lh ceol., and posseeeee a remarkable Oothic choir. Crossing 
the Omain by the bridge, we reach the Sue Entre- den i- Pools, vbich 
begins at the Monument of the lUichaux, a family who introdaced 
Important improvements in the manufacture of bicycles, and passes 
the elaborate Renaissance fafade of the Thtatrt (PI. 20; B, 2). 
Behind the latter is the Cafi da OUamv, one of the sights of ths 
town, which boasts a Qne collection of stuffed birds and other animals. 
— Farther on ia the Place Refigifi (PI. B, 2), embellished with a 
bronze statue, by J. Debay, of Manhal Oudinot^ Duke of Keggio (sea 
above). — Fartherup,totheIert, is thechurchoffil. Antoinc (PI. 6; 
B, 2), of the 14th cent. ; a caui.Uzed um of the Ornain Bows beneath 
the church. 

The 'Villa Haute', or upper town, is commanded by a Clock 
ToictT, which may be reached from St. Aotoiiie's, liiL the Rues da 
I'Horloge, de TArmurier, and Chav^e. The last street ends at tbe 
Place de la Halle, containing some Old Houses, one of which (No. 3) 
is fitted up as a commercial museum. 

The church of St. Etihnnb or SI. Pitrre (PI. 7; C, 3) is the prin- 
cipal building in Bat-le-Duc. It dates from the 14th cent,, with tho 
exception of the portal, Qankad by a tower, which ia in the Oothic 
and ReDaisaance styles, 

Ihtebiok. Tks Bculpinres on Ibe icre<TD of Uie Hral cliBpel on tbe light 
ars DDtenurtbT. hui ibe chief oiijeci or interest is a 'Stalat (in the rtehl 
traoBept), by l.lgier Ricbici', of St. HiMel in LornJne (p. 130), a pnpU of 
Hickael Angelo, repceaeDtiiiE a corpse in which deuf baa already set in. It 
i> carved of 81. Hlhlel stone soaked in wax and oil to give It the appearance 
and durabilllT of marble, and formed part of Uie tomb of Ren^ de GhUons, 
prince of Orange, who was killed in 15U at IbE siege of Gt Dlder. 

No. 21 , Place St. Pierre , a handsome old house of the earlr 
Renaissance period, contains a small Mutft, open to tbe public on 
Son., 1-4, and ort other days on application. 

The coll«ctlons, oceupyln; four laloons, ecmprlie ipeclmens of natural 
blsiory, a few antiquities, a imsll gallery of palnlinsi (eUefly rnDdem), 
i ime sculplurcs, two Bne altar-gcreens (iltbcenl.), and specimen! of armonr. 

There are a number of other interesting old buildings fn the 
'Ville Bante', especially in the Hue des UucS'de-Bai. A house In 
which Prince Charles Edward Stoart lived for three years Is also 

to Nancy. TOOL. 19. RouU. 143 

pointed out. At the upper end of the Rue des Dacs-dc-Bn it Lt 
PSqaii, a piomensde ehided by floe alms. The A.vennB da Chitaui, 
kt the other eod, pHsses near the rem&iiis of the ChOUau (PL 2^ B, 3), 
deattoyed in the ITth century; portlon» dating from the 16th ceat., 
including a Gothic portal, are still preseived. In the Rue Lapique, 
which leada down from this vicinity to the Rue de la Rochelle 
(p. 142), Is the Hdtel de ViUt (PI. C, 2), formerly Oudinot'B mandon. 

42 H. (faFuifr. 86, Sfc. 9)c., and Sfr. 95, 3 rr. 80 c). Thii ndlwaj hag 
a special tUHaa io Ibe Rue 81. Uiblel, lo tbe 8.E., not far from the csdhI. 
il tH'h X.) BembtrcotH-t-aux-PcU a branch- line diTcrgei to lAtlt-in-BamU 
(p. ill}. — At (i8i/i]l.)Buu^< tbe line forkij ons braneli leading lo (3511.) 
Clermoi^mArgmja (p. 12*), tte other to (13 M.) VmbM (p, ISf), 

161 U. LongevilU: 164Vi M. Nansoii-TronmUe. Railway to 
Nonfchitoau-Epinal, see p. 306. To the tight ia the Hame canal, 
which farther on makes a wide curve and enteie the valley of the 
House by meaua of a tunnel 2'/2 H. long, while the railway bonda 
to t^e left. Beyond (171 M.) Erntcovrt-LoxtvitU the train enters 
the cuttings by whidi the tine pierces the heights between the 
Talieys of the Seine and Mouse. — 178 M. L^oaniUe (2775 inhab.). 

B^lKsy lo ibdan Tii Firdwi, aes p. 130. 

183 M. Commero7 (ii6tel de Paris ; de Ui Cloche), a town with 
7724 inhab., is altnated on ao arm of the Meuie. The imposing 
ChdUau of tbe 17th cent., which the train paases on quitting the 
station, was at one tiue the residence of the Dnkea of Lorraine, 
and ia now Dsed as barracks. In the town is a bronze Stalve of 
Dom Calmet (1672-1767), the learned historian, who was born in 
tho neighbourhood. Commercy is noted for ils 'Madeleines', a liind 
of cake (1 ft. 20 C.-2 fi. per boi). 

The train now crosses two arms of the Afcuie. 188 M. Sorcy, 
beyond which a tunnel, 612 yds. long, ia traversed. 

191 M. PaKiiy-snr-Iletuie (Buffet- H&Ul). Railway to Neuf- 
ehateau and Epinal, see R. 41 c. We now enter the valley of the 
MoaoUe by a tunnel 3/* M. long, and once more approach tho Rhine 
and Marne Canal. — 194 M. Foug. 

19S M. Tonl (_H6lel de Mett, Rue Gambetta; dt la Cloche iOr, 
Kue de la Ripubliquo), the TuUwn Leueorum of the Romans, is 
one of tho most ancient towns in Lorraine. Ils bishopric was 
founded by the Irish monk St. Mansuy, who died about the year 350. 
It is a fortress of the first clasa, and after being invested for thirty- 
eight days was taken by the Oermans on Sept. 21ird, 18T0, after a 
siege of twelve days more. Pop. 12,290. The town is situated be- 
tween (he canal and the Moselle, abont '/j M. ftom Ike station. From 
the Fortt de France the Rue Thiers leads to tho Place Croix-en- 
Bourg, with a pretty marble Fountain, and is continued by the Itue 
Gambetta, at tho end of which we turn to the left. 

Tbe church of St. Oengmtli, a fine Gothic edifice of the 19-16th 
eent., has an unusually lofty interior; its largo windows are filled 

144 Itoatt 19. FBOUARD. 

with fine stsiaed glue of the 13t1i century. The finest part of tie 
churoh Is, however, tbe beautiful FUmboyaDt Cloiittts, tti the N. of 
the DATe, dating from the 16th century. Theie sie enclosed on both 
Bides by six double arcades resting on very light and graceful columns 
and sejiaratedfFom each other by email truncated columns. The clois- 
ters give OD a small sqnaie, thioagh which we may reach the chaicb 
of St. Etienne, vii the Rue Lafayette (right). Rue Miehitel (left), 
and Rue LioiivUle (right). 

•St. EUennt, the former Cathedral, is noteworthy for Its size 
and its harmonious proportions, and still more for its bemtiltil W. 
front, which is Qanked by two light and graceful towers, terminating 
in oclAgonal lanterns. The choir and transepts (both with fine stained 
glass), date from the 13th, the facade from the 15th, and the nave 
from the 14th and J6th centuries. The •Cioislera which adjoin thieflne 
church on the 8. were built in the 13'14tb cant, and are larger and 
of an even more perfect style tbaii those of St. Qengoult. They form 
a rectangle, 75 yds. long and 55 yds. broad, and consist of 22 sections 
with four arches, each with foar small clustered columns and two 
small isolated columns, besides the archway to the court. — The 
Chaftl entered from the cloisters contains a large altar-piece, ulth 
figures in full relief, representing the Adoration of the Shepherds. 

The large and imposing H&tel de Ville, formerly the bishop's 
palace, bnilt in 1740, contains the public library and a small museum. 
Behind it is a pnbUc garden with a marble figure, France recovered, 
by Maindron (1874). 

A hraEch-line ucendi the ralley of the KoaeUe from Tou] to (IS H.) 
Paal-SI-ViacaU (p. 313), vii dumdnaey'iar'HeuUi, near wbich are lome 
inSeresling caierns (partly unexplored). 

From Toul lo ^rccDurl audio Uptual, Bee p. 303. 

As the train leaves Toul we enjoy a fine view, to the right, of 
both its churches and especially of the fa;ade of SI. £tienne. We 
cross the canal and then the MostUt. — 204 M. Fontenoy-srtr- Mo- 
tellt. The river and canal mn parallel to the railway. We again 
cross the river and reach (210 M.} Liverdim, finely situated to the 
left, with remains of fortifications. The church, containing inter- 
esting sculptures, dates from the 13th cent. ; the governor's house 
from Che 15th. — The tunnel (to the left], 550 yds. long, by which 
the canal is carried beneath the town, and the bridge (to the right) 
by which it crosses the Moselle, near the railway- bridge, are strik- 
ing examples of engineering skill. The scenery at this point Is, per- 
haps, the most beautiful on the entire journey. 

At (214 M.) Frouard (Buffet- HStet), a viUage of 4100 inhab., the 
railway to Metz (R. 18b) diverges to the left, while the line to Nancy 
quits the valley of the Moselle and enters the valley of the Meurthe. 
— 216 M. Ouimpigntalles, with iron-works. Railway to ChStoau- 
Sallna, Vic, etc., see p. 160. — In the distance, to the left, we 
catch a glimpse of Nancy. — 219 M. Nancy (Rail. Restaurant). 





20. Hancy. 

BoUli. -Qbabd H&tbl (PI, dj C, B, i), Pl4cB e 
Hi. i, D. 6, pens. Horn Ilft.i TgsmBca, de> D 
A,4), botJiinUiePl»«TliierB, - ----*- -' 

Bue SteDislag, pens. 9rr< de l'Bdbope (FI. b, B, C, 4), E 
K. 2Vi-5, B. i'A, ddi. S'/», D. i, pens. P/i fr., Dmn. 60 c- 
m.i; B, i), Plsce St. Jann, near Ihe lUtion; dk P -- " 
Gl. Diiier 10, — AuCm n>rre, Bue Baron Lonis. 

iis8; It the Gron, 

ve): ftrtfyofd, BnedenDorolnicainsiS; J 

Bne dea Cannes 11 ; aod at the BratitriH meoiloiied bek 

□ iLtii. 

Eninla; CnlV Ja la , . , „ 

IX Bimitphirti, Place Thleci, < 
Onmdt Braturie lorraini, Boe St. Jeao B, d«j. 2>/ii D. S fi.; Braiurit 
ViBtnoiis, Sua d^ Michoitu 6 (PI- B, 3), d«i. SVi. 1>- 3 fi. i Brandt Braittm 
de tEU, i< Hai^vllle (eloged <n winter). ' 

Daba. -With one burie, IVi, Inegaee-ub i^h, iiltb two bones l>/i fr. per 
drivei per hr.i/ifr. more. From mjdnlehl to 6 a.m., '/ttt.aoie per dcive 

XltcMe Trwnwayi Iraveree (he town from Uai^vdle (H.) lo Bonse- 
coun (S.); rram St. Nu (H.E.) to Pr^rllle (W.)-, from the Place Loban 
(1:1. E.) to (he Bon-Coln CW.), and from the Bue St. Geories (centre) la 
UaledTille (K.E.). Fare 10 or 15 c 

. _._.__ \idpal. Place SUnlalaa (PI. C, 3)i Edm TMdlrr, 
Place St. Jean (PI. B, 4). — FSlei, eoncerU, and eihlbllloni Uke place in 
the Balli Fotrd (PI. B, 4), Bue Polrel. near the slallon. 

Pamt ft Telasrapb OHee (PI. C, 4), Rne de la Constitution B{ alio at 
the railway. station. 

Bathi. Balm itu Cuino, Pstsaee du Casino (FI. C, 4), Bue Bt. Dicier H 

Uarceau, Bue du Fanhonrg 81.' Jean 51 and Rue de la Commanderie ^Pl. A, i). 

French Pmteetant SerTioe Id Ihe TempU, Place St. Jean, at lOa-m. 
— i^encA itiOiodlit Ciiaptt, Bue Ste. Anne 6| servicea at lO.SOa.m. 

Among the epeclaltles uf Maocr are Et«iriiiitrii, Maearowi, and Arl- 
istii PoUiry and OUut. 

Nancy, the capital of the department of Mtwlhe-tt-Mo»tile, and 
the seat of a bishop, fotmerly the rapiul of Lorraine and tie seat 
of the duies, of whom SUnielaus LeEECiyiieki (d. 1766), ex-kiiig of 
Poland, Tas the last, it situated on the MeuTthe, and contaiiia 
101^960 inhabitants. It was greatly emballishe'd by Dukes Leopold 
[d. 1720) and Staoislaos, and is one of the beat-bulK towns in Fiance, 
The llitivtTtiis of Nancy takes a high rank and its school of forestty 
(p. 148) t9 the only establishment of tlie kind in Franre. 

AKei lakinc Hancv In 1I7B and luaing 11 ag^n in Ihe rollowing years 
Charles the Bofd, Duke of Burgundy, ffal defeated and slain beneath It, 
walla by the Duks of Lorraine and Ihe Swiia Id 1477, »ancy was one of 
the first places in which the Berolutionai; spirii was shown hy ihe troops 
Id 1T90, >nd Carlyle gives a "itii icconnt in hii 'Frmch Rtmaliitioa' of the 
uprising of 'Chateau- VI eui- and ita suppression by BouUle, In 1810 the, 

funons natlvea of Nancy are Catlol (l.'iBS- leaai , Splvain (d, 16S1), and 
SI. Urbain (d, 1758), the engravers-, 3&i (1701-68), Ihe archilecH karilut 
i)r™el (1771-1817)1 ''a*"!' (I767-1S5S), the painier, GnmdMle {or GIrardi 
iVf&^n, the earleatnrlst (p. 118), and Eim. di Ooncturt (1823-96), (he writer. 

The Place Thiers (PI, A, B, 4), in front of the station, is adorned 
with a statue of Pnddent Thiert (1797-1877), by Guilbert, erected 

Baedekir'i Korthem France, lib Bdit. 10 

146 Route 20. HANCY. Piatt Stanitloi. 

In 1879. The town h entered by the Forte Btsuislu, one of the 
seven handsome gates of Nancy. Farther on, to the left, are the 
Place GarDOt and Cours Leopold (p. 160). To the right, in a small 
square in front of the Lycie, ia n Statue of Domhaite, the agricultUTist 
(1777-1843), by David d' Angers, The FuUk Library, to the left of 
the square, contains 108,000 voU. and 1471 M33. (open daily, ex- 
cept Sun. and holidays, 9-12 in Bnmmei, 9 a.m. to 10 p.m. In 
winter). The Rne Stanislas leads hence to the square of that name, 
crossing the Kue 9t. Dizier, the busiest in the town. 

The *Flaoe Stanislas (PI. 0, 3, 1), laid out in 1762-57, the 
finest point in the town, with a bronze Slatae of Staniiluui Lcii- 
fitjmtfci by Jacqnot, erected in 1331, is onriannded witli handsome 
ediQoes by Hdr£, and adorned with tasteM iron railings of the 
18tb cent., and two monumental lountains. To the E. rises the 
Episcopal Palace, to the W. the TA<alre, to the M. (at a little distance) 
the Porte Royale (p. 1481, '"i^ W 'he 8. the H6tel de Vtlle. 

The HAtel de Ville (?l. C, 4), built in the 17th cent., contains 
a very handsome hall, with frescoes by Giraidet aud paintings by 
modem artists, and a fine staircase with wronght-lron banisters by 
Lamonr. Several rooEDs are occupied by a Muate, containing socient 
and modem paintings, open to the public on Snn. and Thurs., from 
12 to 4, on other days on application. 

Hrit Floor. - Paiodng!. Rooh 1. To He righl, 137, Ylmnl, Old man 
holding a terrestrial globe; 50, Auccbi, Madoniiai lll.fiatjo/'RTalD, MtdoDnai 
1-2B. Sarly Cofj of P. VciViin, Marriage at Cina. - 124. Tobar, Monk nr»T- 
Ing; m. Bdaol of Bido^aa, AnnanciaUani 30. Aim. Carratci, Ohrlat at the 
Sepulehre; ^^. G. I>(iM,DeamnHrom the tiiia; W. P. da OorUuia, Camsn 
Sibyl announcing to Augustus thB birth of Christ. — 88. S. CoMarlnl, Holy 
Family! 8- Bari-r-ch. Annnncialion ; "87. Rbtk*w, Madonni, Chrlal, St. John, 
aod anuela. — 69. Ooiifa Rmi, Cleopatri; "m. Kotberger, Martyrdom o( Bl. 
Bebastlani 3T3. B<i6a>i, TransBguratioD (painted in Italy uoder the innuence 
of CB7BTaggia>| !m. BcUmliammir (V), Quod Samaritan; 135. A. Vacutra, 

lion' ot the money-chipgers: 1J3. tj Jartwr" Dealt of D^allles Cp. 150Ji 
55. (tar*, Jseobs laddor; 119. TialrTtUa, Chrijl it the Sepulchre; 308. 
De Crater, PlBEue at UUuni 101. Ribera. Baptism of OhrEsli 211. Dietrich, 
Phflo'opheri 96. PordeOone. Parting of 81. Paler inii St. Paoli MS. Patrtut 
Ihe Yeungtr, Annuncialiun. — 366. After Rembrandt. Good Siimsrltani 2. 
A. del Sarle. Tobias and Ihc angel; 80. Fieradn (U Malleie), Armour; iOB. 

Gquealrian lUtue of Duke Charles lU., in bronie, by 'ci-aligty. 

Kuau It, to tbe left of Ihe onlraace. — To the right, 19. Baardi, St. 
Catharine; 13'J. School of Vtrrocthio, fi3. Beliool of OkMandaie, KadonnaS) 
no. abirdana (?), Lot and b[9 daugbtco. — 12. Batiaae, Christ and Caliphas) 

Fifln'O), Salvaloc Mundii 31. Caramtnio, Deseent from the Crosal 1. 
AllKrII. Portrait; 76, 77. Lacaim, Landscapes ; 36. CermoisL Fruit; 51, ^«tt, 
Archaneel; 10. BouaniP, Deluge; 36. Cordf, Entombment of Christ; 81. Jftio, 
Flight into; 150. Ualiaa Schivl. The Veslal Tucia vlndicaling bet 
innocence by driwlog water in a sieve! 89. Earli, Cepy of Mchael Angelt, 
Rape of Ganymede I 72, 73, Lanfraaco, Baadg of Apoallesi ii. CTpmm*, 
Kadnnnai SiO. Sooi (B-iadt Ti::cli). Sliepherd and nook; 33!). P.vmLar, 
«urnamed_Bani6ocrfo, Strolling muaiclanlj 28B. Slradanui, Bearing of the 
luissen^ Bea-piece; 380, 

u'san'ilar'c™' 138."flolfl 

lOe. n«l, Dido; to. Ofiutit^atKailloata; iH. TtMaiUt, DIui) 11. Bai- 
uno, ChiHt wd the Holy Womeni OB-joorrf, 37. Q»pss, 38(1), Bonlst 
•laO. TtowrflW, Penteoo»ti383. XiffBoipre, LandscipeilOB. flacj*/, Tonilri 
B9. /. enUvtfiVt. St. John in Ihe wUderoesai no nomber, PorimoiH, 

laerpipB and Pinto; A. Oranacel, Trinity. - 

I right: i9B. Briioberillt, Licdicipei 256. A. nm Oifcxk, 
J'rBni*, HoljFamiljFi 3li. Kan Bret, Kidoimi and ObiM 
tinting St Dreaden), 183, 198. Br^dtl, Lindecapeai 589. 
r, Fortnne-lelleri SIS, Yon Dpct, V«n Opslil tha painteri 

Ctpt ot Va* Dyek, Silvstor Hiindi; 3T4l. Haitnt, Chriit walking unon the 
WBIer: 'Sf,. a. mn Ot, Fcirtralt; m. /orda«i(t), Sludiei of hBidai SZJ. 
ran £Hrdlw«, Lmdaupe^ 348. JTaUti, MussT-chaDgerai SaS. /. PaUra, 
Ses-pteee; aU. Jun £cDlni, OUS; 191. Fan Sraidarl, Poullr^-yard; 1S9. 
rcM.^ti:A, Wlod-mlU; S81. /. nm Ji^idod. Oiki i 196. £ni>«A(l Ui Totuiga; 
Villus iBsliTkl; 226. Fan Ootm. LsndicaH', 290. TmUrt IM TatHtger, Vil- 
Uge-acBne;982. J.KanSufdfwf.Huti 20O. Srii, Bulnedlaweri 291. Wimun, 
Andromeda; sa.P.B., Uuteh cooki 33S. r« dar Sajan,[8unact-, 320. £Ii- 
AoOnir, Good SsmsriUn i '^. BtmOtrk, Puukeg ; 261. ran Peril, Winter, — 
209. DiUer. Brldiei 211, LamineAl, Vegetsble-aellera; 260, C. Fotlmitirg, 
Dlsni bUhlngi OS. Vm I^Bldsi, Psruiu and Andromeda; 321. Fan B,, 
atllMirei ^4./. «M XouiMhOi rortnlt. — 2fii. J. da jr«vn>. Caravin; 
197. ' VtlvtC Bnieahil P), Landscape ; US. J. XuOtr, Landscape i 22B. Pranfcii, 
Abbi Grrgoire > SOS. Flaaith SeliiHil, VtUift featWal; 212. nanr, St. JarDue; 
227. OarMUr, OalTarj; Oernun ^ctosl, m Cbrlat at ths Sspnlchre, 300. 
Circle ot chtldren. 387. Beheading of lohu the BspUat; 30i. ifairfiA ^cAodI, 
Descent fr™ the Crosa; 298, Birmaa School, Kspe of Helem W. CranaOt 
lAt rumgerC). BIrlh of the Tlrds; 209. Otrmon Sduul, Si. Jerome; 3U3. 
/■(mil* ScAooJ, Adoiatlnn of the SheplierdB; 12M, F<fcBj»«, Philip IV. ; lUS. 
BIbtram, Soreeresa ; 71. /.ifltradoi-.Slill-life ; 101. Riirra, Baiilism ofCbriati 
2ie. Fon D¥tKr), Count Jghn of Nassao and Wa tamUy; 236. After S. du 
JariUn, Tlilchct. 

Rook IV. Fremdi School of Ihe end of the 18th and bepnning nf the 
19Ui eeninriea. Tu the right and left, 158, 169, Jieumcr, Palace-Jnteriorsi 
J. Oiratda, S90. The Hf eper, 391. Riaing, 393. Bymphs aletping, 393, Nympha 
iuiprlaedi To the left: 110. /ut.y. Napoleon 1.; 9 0. Bnufual, Huiiitd 
bOQie; -KB, E. Dilaa-oix . Death of Cha,rk9 Ibe Bold (p. 116)i 386. Fr. 
■-■■■■"•" .. ., . ^ . .. -^j, Koman 

1, Qllbert, the 

™, Landscape; IS 
'9 part, lit. Iiai 

: ; \U. Omtlaiu* Moftr, Portrait; 
imoni. The captain's part; lit'. Iiaiv, Dieppe; 199. JtoiUlkird, 
naisoaiundinol; 'ISS. FrudAm, Head uf Christ; 121. /ofsjK, Aasnmplion, 
370. FoJcMKf, Girra head; 337 328. Claudcl, Landscapes wSih ruins; no 
nnmber, fttttf*", Kieniirg si VcMailles, 

KoDH V, liall; French School. Tu Ihe right of Ibe side-door: 162. 
UifHard, Portrait; 310. Jf. Civp'l, Hoi; Family; M7. C. Fonjwi, SDenoai 
ahote.iaa. Zm-if^liirem, Piirtralti «1. L^QH,-m, Dplnpe. — 111. Jeam-at 
dt BiMni, EtlU-life; lU. Imaiit. lo'eiior; 163. P. Miyaard, Lady as St. 
CMharlns; B13, TtcqtU, Portrait; 368, 369. FalaHvtt, Portr^t of the artist 
and tiisnife; 4'S, SaSHer,, The playful menace; 321 Brumdit, Ijmdgcape; 

126. Larg!Kiirt, Portrait ; 3Se. Duporla, Oame and fruit; 110, ttmoiai, Moder- 
all»n or edpio; 166, Ucmmo)V, Flowers and stiU-llfei 150, Fnuf, Venus 
andOapids; 175, ITS, OOmim, Scf:nes ellanlca; 383. Clavdt l^vra^CI), 
Landscape, - 317. Boudier, Anrors and Cepbalus; 161. P. Migmrd. Madonna , 

127, Lnrtilliire, Portrait; 638. Fo'.W, Oupid'a revenge; ahoye. Four BDiall 
parlraits altribnicd to Cloatti M3, De Tray, lliana resting; &I8 019, /. B. 
Vim Loo, Li<nii XV.; no number, Laiaiiu, Hercnles delivering Uesione; 
Loir, Trlnmpk ofFIOra. — 196. Xcitoul, fi^lTrand, the arehilect(;); 13B. 
largflUir; Elinbelb Charlotte of tbe Falallaste, Ducbeas uf Origan.' ; 352. 


148 Route SO. NANCY. PorU RoyaU. 

Oh. Cofpil, Blokldo ud Armlda, — !209. Fh. ii Chmtpati/iit, Ecce Homot 
iSS. N. Fannin, Jesiu eoteiiDg JcrusBlein ; UB. Jommet, Poclrlit of blnuelf t 
312. AeUc, Forinlt of ■ ladj; SOI. n. dt Ghait^aitne, Ctilrllf; nonuoibn, 
Lahire, B«c]»n>llu. 

' BdohVI. To the right: sis. £. J'Vunflof Nmc;}, HjI; 460. E. J'. 
iftcM, Sammer.nliht i &H. (Tlmann, Remnrfie; 4TI). ^. Morot (of Hsncy), 
CruclQiloD) (HB. OiUla- (of Nine;), Miry Mae^UcDi U3. Unrdial Hlrtnu 
fair UBouiwUler. --623. ff. r>mcl, HuihalDrouot^ 1E8. Ra/oJlli. Edmand 
de GoDsonrti Frlant, no nnmber, Orlef, ST9. Biusrtre tbc sculptor; W, 
fiOB. 3tllHr, TrickatCF, KUcben; 510. ShM«, EipcctMloni fiOfi. Sdlitr, Tha 
LeTile of Mount Ephiaim, — 353. Devilli/. UEalh of Serg. Blunlan (Algsrik) 
1842)1 BBS. Dial <k la iVSo, Tbe el***! "MS- Xorol, Incident nl the bMlls 
of AqniB Seilite (Alx in Pro.Bntei 102 B,C.)i BUi. Baiiir, Leander; 3i2. 
Fifea-Prrrin, Ch.ron's bsrt. — 938. Zaber, Antumn evening i ISJ. Ri|?oto(, 
AtterJuBTeat . 508. SrfHer, ViKliins U Bedpiscum ; 482. PeOijean, ViUige-sireei 
in Lomine; -376. FrmfaU, Ravine of tbe Polts-Noir. 

Booh VII, adjoining Boom I, gnnlaina cbiaHy vorks by the carics- 
turlgi OroKdMIe (cump. p. 115). 

Oroand Flour. — Sculptures, including cist) from the antique and 
modern French worliB in marble »nd brunae: bnsti of illnstrioua natives 
ot Lomine. 

The Catliedral (Fl. C, 4), behind the HStel ds Ville, beyond the 
Prffeotnre,; waB built in 1703-40 by 3. H. MantaH, after the model 
of SanI' Andrea della Valle at Rome, The facade conEiste of a TOV o( 
Corintbtan columns , surmounted by ■ ia« of tlie Composite order, 
and is flanked by towers terminating in domes, supporting lofty 
lanterns. In the interior are a cupola painted by Jacqoart, some 
fltie iron-work, and a rich treasury. 

The Rue Sc Georges, in front of the cathedral, ends at the forte 
St. Oeorgei, of 1606. The Rue Bailly leads to tbe left before this 
gate to the Flace d'Aiiiance, embellished with a fountain commemor- 
ating the alliance concluded in 1766 betweeu Louis XV. and the 
Empress Maria Theresa. The Rue d'Aliiance leads hence to tbe loll 
to the Place Stanislas. 

In the vicinity of tbePUee d'Alliwice are the £mh J'<>r(.M*r«(Pl. D, 1), 
Willi an Importaot Forestry Museum, and the interesting Sclmic Burden. 
The latter, catered frum tbe Bue Ste, Catherine, la open tlJ day, and 
contains the ttuit of fritwix (iSlT-SZ), (he explorer. 

Tbe Ports Soyale (Pi. C, 3), to tbe 14. of the Place Stanislas, 
fs tbe flnest of the seven triumphal arches which decorate (4ancy. 
It was erected In 1751 by Stanislaus in bonourof Louia XV., his 
son-in-law, of whom it bears a medallion, and consists of a triple 
gateway in tbe Corinthian etyle, embellished with statues and bas- 
reliefs — To the left Is a bronze Statut of Callot (see p, 146), 
with busts of JsToel Sylveitrt and Ferd. <le St. Uriain, by Eug. Lau- 
rent (1877J. To the right is a Statue of BSrf (p. 146), by Jawjuot. 
Outside tbe arch lies the Place de ta Carrii-Te, named from 
the tanrnaments formerly held here. At the farther end is the Palais 
du Oouvemement (PI. C, 2), formerly the residence of the governora 
of the province, afterwards the prefecture, and now the headquarters 
of the XXth Corps d'Arm^o. 

Fy Hie gateway on the tight we enter the Pipiniire (PI. D, 2, 3), 
*a Bttrai tive and umbrageous avenue, with another entrance in the 

Paloii J>ueol. MANCT. 20. Eoutt. 149 

N.G. cornel of tbePlice SttnisUe, to the left of the fonntuD. A Utid 
plays here on Tnes., Thnta., and San., At 8.30 p.m. In Bummer and 
2.30 p.m. in irinter. In 1893 a eomewhat aingular bionze etatne by 
Rodin was erected here tt Ctaude GeUie (CUudeLorraln: 1610-82), 
the celebrated painter, on a flne stone pedeital. A little faithei on 
is a monament to GrandviUe (p. 145), by E. Bussi^ie (1893). 

A little to the W, of the Place de la CatriSte rises the hand- 
Bome modem Gothic chnrch of Bt. Eprro (PI. C, 3), designed by 
Morey, with a W. tower 286 ft. high (ascent SOc), and a spiie 
above the creasing. The interior, nith its graceful, slender columna, 
Is elaborately decorated. The moral paintings are by Art, Sublet. 
The high-altar is embelllBhed with s large polychrome altar-piece 
and statnes, and the choir-atalls are artietically carved. 

In front of the church is a small modern Eqveilrian Statue of 
Sent II., Dnke of Lorraine (1473-1608), who defeated Charles the 
Bold at Pfaney (p. 145), by M. Sohift. 

In the Grande Rue, to the left of the Palds du Gonvemement, 
ia the Falol* Dncal (PI. C, 2). The handsome porch, between the 
oiiel windows, dates from the early 16th cent, and \s embellished 
with a modern equestrian etatue of Antoine de Lorraine (d. 1G14), 
by Viard. It illustrates the latest form of domestic Gothic in France, 
Within is the MtiUt Lorrain, open to the public on Sun. and Thurs., 
1-4, and on other days on application (ring briskly) 

Two g3.IUriBS sDd a room on Oie grouadlloor are dedkaied tn Ihe 
anUquiticB and to thB scnlptaru and alher objecia datlDf from (ha Hlddla 
Aga9 and tha aenaiMancs. — A amall coom, ob Uie firit Soar, to the 
right, with a Benalss&nce cMmnoy- piece, cunlains tbe couch of Anlolae de 
Lorraine and llie lapestrj discoTered in the lent of Charles the Bold after 
the battle of 'Sixr.y. The large adjoining tiall contains portraits and other 
paintings (A^in-Ptrrin, Finding of the bod; of Charles the Bold), aodent 

drawing!, bj CfllJol (No. GT9), 'and an aalronomical clock. In the eentre 
Ib a series of line engrs^'ingi representing the fnneral ot Charles III. of 
Lorr^no (1606). Then a collection of medals in glais-CBWSi MSB-i 

The rranclacan Chnroh (Eglise ties Cordelieri; PI. G, 2), ad- 
Joining the docal palace, was huilt by Ren^ II. in memory of hia 
victory over Charles the Hold in 1477. 

the portal). On the left sidt of tbe chnicb are moDumrnt] of JnWnt dc 
Vaudimonl <d. 111T| aod of Xarit )d£'arc«irl (d. 11T6), bis nife; Philgipa 
of OuEldru, second wire of Sen« 11. (d. 1U7), wltb a dne statue b; Ligier 
Btchier, represeoting the deceased in the costume of a nan i Jacqan CaUof. 
Charta V., Duke of Lorraine ; and Duke Ltoeoli I. The third monument 
on the rlg^t side uf the church is the curious Btausoleom of Smi II. 
(d. IfiOB). Tbe nagnillcent polfehrome frame vork is old, bnt the slalues 
of <he duke nod the Hadoana were renewed Id 183B. Adjacent is the 
tomb of Ctntria of Lomrlm, Cardinal de VaudimonI (d. lliST), with a s'atue 
by Uroulu, a native of Nancy. To ibe telt of the choir Is the Chapetti 
KHtde, or ducal mortuary chapel, of the ITth cent., wllh seven black 
marble sarcophagi. 

The Grande Eue, which traverses the 'old town', ends at the 
Porte de la Crajfe (PI, C, 2), an ancient gate of tbe citadel, of the 

150 RottU30. NANCT. 8t. SibaitUn. 

14-16tli cent., with two round lowara. FttUiet on is tbe Blmilti Forte 
(U la Citadelle (end of 16ch cent.). 

The Rue de U CnfTe leads to tbe left to the Oonra Leopold (PI. 
B, % 3), a handsome tree-ehaded sqonre, 360 yds. long and 130 yda. 
wide, at the N. end of which is the Porte DiHlla, bnilt tn 1786 ; 
the name commemoiates the devotion of an offlcer, killed in 1790 
by the mutinous soldiery (comp. p. 145). — In the centre of the 
Cours Leopold stands a bronie 'SlaUu of Marthal Drouot (p. 146), 
by DaTid d'Angers. — The Place Camot (PI. B, 3) is embellished 
with A Monument to Freiident Camot. To the right is the Unhertity, 
designed by Morey (p. 149), with an interesting Natural History 
Museum [open in summer on Snn. and Thura,, 1-4}. Behind the 
faculty of medicine is a monument, by BussiSre. to Pierre Grtngotrt, 
the poet (d. 1568). 

A little to the E. of Che Academy is the email Place Lafayette 
(PI. C, 3), with an equestrian statue of Joan of Are, bronze by Premiet. 

The long Rue St. Dizier (PI. C, 4, 5; tramway) traTeraee the 
entire S.E. half of the town. About halfway down , somewhat to 
the riglit, is the church of St.Sebaslinn (17th eont,; Pl.B, 4), with the 
monument of QirardeC, the painter (1709-78). Farther on, the Rue 
Charles Troij leads b> the lett to the modern church of 8l. SichoUu 
(PI. C, 6), which contains several paintings by early artists of Nancy. 
At the end of tlie Bne St. Diziec is the doable Porte St. Tiieotia, 
built in tbe 17th cent., but altered aud added to in modem tines. 

Tbe Roe de Strasbourg, traversing the suburb of St. Pierre be- 
yond this gate, passes the lloipital. the Seminary, and the elegant 
modern church of Si. Peter (PL C, 7). Farther on is the EglUe de 
BoTUecouTi, situated about I'/t M. Co the S. of the Rue SCanlBlas, 
a church of the 18th cent., frequented by pilgrims, and containing 
the handsome mansolea of King Stanislaus uid hia wife. 

on (ba >IU ot th 

•h where the bo*T of Ch« 

rlM the Bdld 
 (see p. 115). 

dest Croix lU 



marks Iha stJi 


lie chntcli 

L4m (PI. A. t), a 


nd tbe itstloD, is 


A U, Pope Le 

Biibop 0° Tool, 


WBi born at Da 

Pbom Nahoi 


8isree>a«lDd), 3i H.. 

IVra »'>. (fares 

fr.30,afr.eO. l(t. 95 

). wl 


to Pari 

f«r»3 0H.)C/ion> 


Am (p. lU), where 


[. ifO] 

«l (bnlfet) ij the 





onge. 20 H. Gtambrii 


2J. Fiom PiriE to ChBtbonig 163 

From E-reui lo Lonvtersi to Vemcui!; l> Drenii to 
Olos-MoDtfort &Dd HonBeur. lU. — Ftoid Conchei lo 
L»iele. From Serqulgoy to Konen. Fcom Bernaj tg Ste. 
Gaubufga, 1B5, — Piom Lislen. (g Ln TiinltS-de-M- 
Ttlle. Abb8f of VbI Rlrsber, Frgm Le Megnll-HBUEer 
lo 81s. Gsaburiia. from Uitlion (o TiouvlUs, 166. — 
AiDsllu: Arromuietiei ; Port-en-Beiila. From LIiod to 
CoDlancsj vU St. LS. Frgm Neuilly to Uitoj IDS. — 
From OareoUa lo CikrtBrBl (Jersey). From Vnloenea to 
BuracDr, 160. — EdtItoiu gf CberbouTg, 16*. 

22. Cmu .- 164 

From Cud lo DiT«a'C>boDrgt lo GnnvUle, 17D. 

23. 'WatMing-PUosB in CalTados 170 

s. TronTille-DeBui^Llla, Villeie-suT-Mer, Beuzaval- 

HonlgatB, Bud Csbourg 170 

From. Pont-l-BTeiiue lo Honllcur, 110. — VUlerTllla. 
Cluluu A-Bibtrtot, 113. — From DiT««-C>boDrB to 
BenoaTllle, 1T4. 
b. Lnc-Eur-Uer (Lion], Luigrane, 3t-Aubin-«U['Mer, 

and CoureealleB 174 

I. From Cuo lo Lnc-mr-Utr direct Ill 

II. From Cun lo Luc-SDr-Hsr ill Ouiitreham . . 17& 
ru. From Luc->ur-Her to LueruDe, Sl-Aubin-tur- 

Mbf, &Dd Conr^enlUs 1T6 

2i. From Charboucg to Bteit 176 

SI. Jocul-de-ln-Hu. La Quds-St-Cul, 179. 
26. From PaiiB to Granyilla 179 

to SoQrafl.fll, 184. - From Vlre Ig Mortain, 186. - 
Frgm Gtan^lUB tg CiroilfSi lo ArrmchM, lo Hgnl 
Bl. HJehelt to the ObuinBl Iglandi, Ifi6. 

26. Fiom CaBn to Lb Mans tii AlBOton. Palaise .... 186 

Fiom La Hulte-Ooulombiari to Mamers; to Slllri-la- 

27. From Caen to Laval ^i Domfcont and MayenoB . . 190 

From Haycnne to Pt£-«D-PaUi to l<a 
(Foue*'e»), IBl. 

28. From Paris to Rerines (Brest) 191 

I. Fram Parifl to Chartras 191 

From ChaMrei lo Saumur, 19B. 

II. From Chartres to Le Mans 196 

From Condd lo Domfront, 196. — From Nogent-U- 
Bolrou to Orl^ni. From CoDnerre to Uamars ssd lg 
81. CaUla, 197. — From La Uaoi lo La Cbutre i lg Si. 
DeDl9.d'()rqau, etc From Le Haoa to Tonra, 201. 
III. From Le Mans to Kennes 201 

Btbli. From 



— From Lkval to Geiiiifi-LonEU<fu}'« i lo Hitcddii 
Id CbatsBubriant, 203. — Piom Tltr^ to FoDlonan 
(Monl SI.Hichel)) to U&rtiEnri-Fetchiud, 30t>. — From 
Reunu to Ocdon, aO». 

29. From EennoB (Pirie) lo Brest 2J0 

Tsl Andri, Brquy, MontcoDlour, 'iW. — From St. 
Briem to Btnic, Portrieui, md 8t. Qiiiiy, Sll. — From 
Bt BrlsDC lo Puimpoli to Ann;, 313. — From Ouin 
EKmp to Csrh^x and BospordeD ; lo Falmpol ; to Tri- 
juier. From Plouiret to Lannion, 213. — PerroB- 
Qulree. — From Ploonirin to Pleillo i Locqnircc, iit. 

— From Xorlali to EoBcoffi to Oarhiiii to St-Jato-du- 
Doigt, ai5. — BodlUi. I.nmbafler. From Lmderoeau 
to BrlgDoHD. Le PoUoet. Ploogiitdl, 21B. — Ei- 
cariloDB from Brest. From Brest to Horgiti to Lan- 
d^ieoneci (o' Portulli to Lunllia. 219. 

30. From Reanea to St. Halo. EicoTtioni from St. Malo. 

Moot St. Michel. TinaD 219 

s. From Rennea to St. Halo . "219 

HarslB de Dol, 320. 
b. Envitona of St. Mttlo 223 

St. Berrsn. Paiunj, 3ZS. — Dlnsrd. St. EnoEal. 8t. 

Lunalre. St. Briu, 221. 
e. Excnriions from St. Mslo 224 

To C.ncalo, 224. ~ To ITonl St. Mithel, 3215. — To 

Binan, 327. - From Dinan to Dinard, 329. 

31. From Paris to Nantes 230 

a. VI6 Le Mam, SabM, and Angers 230 

FromLaSuiBtoBaumurviSLaFltolF. FromSabl^to 
Solesmw i to La FlSche, 230. — From LaPuiBionnitte to 
Gholel. Gh£tean dg Sfrranl. Cbamp'ocuni, 2B1. 

b. Via Le Mans, Sabl£, and Segr« (St. Mazaiie, Lorlent, 
Quimper) 232 

From Se{ti to St. »aialre, 232. 

c. Via OrlSans and Tours 233 

From Saumar to FoDteTranll. From Lea Roaleta lo 
Oaooea, 3ae. 

32. Angers 235 


33. Nantes 243 

to BL Naialce, Ls Crotaic. ind Qn^rande, 251, 263. 

34. From Nantes to Brest 262 

I. From Nantes to Vannea and Auray 252 

From QueiMmbert lo Ploermel and to La Broblniire, 

35'^ -~ From Ploermel to Lorient, 2fi3.— Tlie Hoibiban. 
From Vannea lo Sarieaa and St. QildSB, 251. 

II. From Aaray to Lorient and Quimper 255 

Port Louia. He da Groli, 356. - From ftufmperl^ 

to Font-Aveni St. Fiacre i LeFaouet, From RoaiiordeB 

to OoncBcneao, 357. - From ttolnpei to Pont-rAbbiS 

and Penmari'bi lo Donarneoia and Audiarne, ele., 3SH. 

III. From Qulmpet to Brest 269 


From Amay lo Qufberon. Plonharnel 

0am ac. 



From Pttria to Toure 

262 1 

262 j 

II. From Oileuis to Toufb .... 





EBrd ind Chevarnyi to Ponl-de-Bn 

Toms and its EnTirons 

21. From Paria to Cherbourg. 

231 H. Chekih de Vsk de l'Ouest, Bus Dioite (Oare 31. LaiBte : PI. 

C, 18), In 8i/i-ll hrs. (fares 11 fr. GB, % fr. B, 18 ft. SO c). 9m. alao Map, p. 100. 

Fcom Paris to (36 U.} Mantes (Rail. Restaurant), see R. 4. — 
44 M, Brioal. — 50 M. Bueii U also a Mallon on (ho line from 
Rouen to OrWans viS Elljeuf, Dreux, and Chsrtcea (p. 69). 

Beyond Bueil we cross tbe £ure. bltS. Boitset (Evre). Beyond 
t*o tannela we haie a good Tiew of Etreux to the right. 

67 M. fi|Eg|W,K— Blilvny Btationa. Oari di fOual (baltel), lo Ibe 
S. of tlie town, for all trains. The flars d( ioirefcrs is tor goods. Ir^ns only. 

B«tal*. OUHD Ciar, Rua de U Barpe 14, R. 3i/rfl. B. 1, d«l. S'/rS. 

D. SSVs b., omn. 4(VWc.i Chevu. Bunc, Rae de la Harpe Ui Bodhee 
!>■ CuiOAi.1, Qrande Bne 39, pent. 7'/; fr. iacl. wine. — dales in tbe 
QraDds Rue. . 

Eor«uz, on the lion, is the chief town of the department of Eurt 
and the seat of a bishop. Fop. iS,292. The chief trade is in grain. 

.tuItTVOlun of the Bomans Is repreisDCed by the Tillage of V 
i'h M. t- — " - ■- - " ^-- - ' - '- 

with tbe consent of tbe 

)Ti this oKuslon by Philip 

1. Tba lawn pTes name to ibe Bngh 


the Cgfhtdral of Noire pamt, not far from tlie elation. Is a build- 
ing o_t great intHresfJ thouKli It cijuInafls^atLatyjBs of architeElUfti in 
vogue nom the I'llh to (be iSth cent., and ts, unfortunately, nut quite 
detach eC from other buildings. Themainportal, which has two towers 
of unequal height, dales from the close of the Kenaiasance period j 

bat the most fntereiting feature of the e' 
W . g artal buLll uij.5ii-3i. The e 
iome Uottiic tower, with an open- 

The ((Feel produced by the IaTBE.._. __, ,,_ 

. iof. Th« lover porUon of the D3nf;'Tmcb la remarkably narrow (» ft.), 
i> ttomaneique, tLe remainder Golhie, of Uie 13-16lh ceiifciiUs,. The chapela 
of Ibe cboir and unbuUtory are doied Willi bF3,it!i^ijeh^i.ince scneua 
of earved wood, ard Ibe stalls and dfiUcste' iron viSzk'U flie cTiiiir and 
trefllffrrto'TlK S.) dsTt-Wlte ' (Ho IBtliteol.i but (be ehfet glor)- of tbe 
inlerlor li the 'dloLrtcd Oiuu in lbs large Lady Chapel and tbe Iransepts, 
dadng from the tSK end 16 lb cent, reipecllvql;. The mie-niDdon' of tbe 
B, transept Is a Qne eiunple of Howlng tri^rT. with the peculiuil; o( 
havluf >1) the mulUoni of Ibe same thickDui. 

The cathedral is adjoined b; EOme remains of Gothic CloitUri 
and by the S ^^Oj^ PuJ ace (1481 ; restored in 1876). To the N. is 
the Tout de I Horioije, a feglfty of 'he 1 6th eeijtory. 

The Maiee'(iim.'da,i\y, 10-430" o" giin & Thurs. free), at the 
eomei Qf the Rue de I'llorioge and the Place de riI6tel-de-Vill«, 
Gontaina statues and other antiquities chiefly from VieiL-Evteux 
(p. 163), some modem French pictures, and mediseval relics. — In 
front of the hatidsome BSicicU^ViUe [1890-9&) is a pretty Foun tain. 

In the extreme W. of the town is the former abbey-church of 
^t^durjn, a Romanesque edillce of the llth.&enC.,with a few Gothic 
ii3dilions"of later date. 'TV contains a crypt, some antique Stained 
glass, and some good wood-carying and bas-rellefe of the 16th cen- 
tury. On the way thither we pais the Palali de Juiliee, comprising 
an ancient Bsnaisiance churoh. 

A branch-rail nay runs from Evreoi to (ITi/i M.) Lounin {p. 69), 
following tbe Taller of Ibe lUm. — Branch-Hnei rod alio to {S3i/, H.) 
Vtmtail (p. 1S2) vi£ Pftf, Daiatitlt, Ccadi-Oeurilli, and BritHiiti ud to 
(36>^H.) ilmi (p. 180) Til Pri^, SI. Andrt-dt-CEure, and at. atarga-iar- 

t. aTi/,H., In l-DVthrs.— IBi/iU' LtNmbturt. 

of a caatle and a 16lb cent, eburth. 3S</i H. 
T.UD, .da p. 1£6. — % M. £i Btc-Ifiilimln, with the 
Aibtf of Bk, of wblcb Lanfranc and Anielm, the 

TBtlon. — SaVi M. ahi-Xwlforl (Ouftht)! to eer. 
e p. lib. - The Hue now descends Ihe valley of 
^Dnt-AndeiueT (Lion ifOr), a pictures a uely situated 
Inbab.. on the Bfsle. The chard of SI Oum, 
rom the llth, ]5tb, and 16lh cant, and contains 
cnzlous wood-carvings. A steamboat pllea 
ndemer to (12 M.) U Harn, In S'/t hrs- 
Dilijenee (I'h fr.) twice dally to (10 M.) QtilUitin<if. — OOi/i ■. t^illnilli 
{p. 1701. ~ B7V> M- BbVUo-. sea p. 170. 

Nea ;■" 
founded ii 
wife of tbe Qerman Emperor Henry IT. — Tunnel. 

78 M, Conehei (Bufftt; OroU Blanche), near which is a rained 
esBtle (12th cent.). The church of Stt. Foy (10th cent.) has 17 
stained-glue 'Windows (16th cent.), those in the choir designed by 
AJdegreter. The vaulting of the choir and aisles, two reliefs in the 
chapels, and the elegant spire (rebuilt) should also be noticed. 

to Oitrbourg. LISIEUX. Sl.Boutt. 156 

A braDCb-IiDe rniu hsDCe lo {33Vs H.) LaigU Ip. 183). vii (IT V.) Ruflti 
fHflt. de TEtoilc), whlcb coDlBlna (no lEtersiiInE old chvrebes. 

At (88 H.) Beaumont-U-Rogtr (H6t. de Paris) are ■ ruined 
ibbay (i2-13th cent.) and an intereating ehoreh {14-i6th cenL). 
— The church of (93 M.) Sirquigny (buffM) it adoraad witi a in* 
pOTtal of the 11th centQCf. 

Fboh aiBquiQin TD BoDin. 4ai/i H-, in IVi-SVi lira- ((ores 8 (r. % 
S tr. 60, 3 ft. 60 c). Tlie line follo". the sllrMUvo TsUej of the Bisle. — 
T S. £Hcnn> (Eat. de France), m indnslrisl town (35% inhsb.) wilb a caslle 
of ths i2lh eenturf. — IS H. eiti-Mmtfon (huffel); to Bvreui and Uud- 
Heur, see p, VA. Our line bancs rum lu the E. via (21 H.) BetH^thn-oUUi, 
(31 X.) £Ueii/ (A. ^uMn; p. bS). where we eroii the Seine, (S6i/i X.) Tour- 
rilU, and (^ H.) (Hutl (p.i% — 16Vi >!' -"«>«• (Biva l>ioileJ, see p. 18. 

981/2 ^- BernaT C^ion iTOr; CAfimZ Blanc), a commercial and 
induBtrial town with 8160 iuhab., Is situated on the left bank of the 
Chartntontu. The chnrch of Ste. CVoXi UibifilktaiUO tas an 
elegant tower jnd_eontairis~a fliioT^h-altar flfjed marble, dating 
from ~IB^-84 , and Bome curioue scalpturee, including an Infant 
Jesos, on the tabernacle of the altar, ascribed to P. Fugel, Re- 
mains of the Abbey, round which the town grew np in the 11th cent., 
aod of the Abbey C3iurch are eCill extant, the former occupied by the 
8oui-Pr€feeture, the HSiet dt Vlllt, and other public ofllcBB, the latter 
Beiring as a marliBt. The horse-faii of Bemay, held iti the &th week 
of Lent, is the moat important in Franca. On a bil l outside o f the 
tusa, W iia-lsft, a£,Uifl..rillway, stands the lian"dsom(LcE5£Si.Jli. 
N2lTizPiffBS.-dt-:lii-£!»tlftTe, built in the ]4-16th centuries. 

A hraneh-r^lwBj puns from Bernaj (o Si X.)~S!t. Oaahtii-gi, follow- 
ing at Brat the Talley of the CharaHenBC. At (10 H.) la TriniU-dt-RivUli it 
la Joined by the line from LUleui (lee below), and at &i M.) Echanffaar 

incL wine, good), the ancient capital of the Lexovii and formerly 
the seat of a bishop. Is a prosperous industrial and commercial town, 
witli 16,084 inhab., situated on the Trntq%u». The leading industry 
is Uie manufacture of woollen doth and flannel. 

The im^josing Cathedral of St. Fietre lies about 1/2 M. to the left 
of the station, i^d9ely'a^tilned by the'former episcopal palace and 
other buildings. The greater part of the church dates from the 
l^^t^.^fiSW ^ut the S. lower, the only one with a spire, was re- 
bnilfTn thBl6-17th contarlea. The transept is lurmoontod by a 
lantern-tower. The facade is simple and severe, but the 3. side is 
embellished with a striking portal, w^cb.B.uskin calls 'one of the 
m oat qn atiit and interesting doors in Normandy', the work of which 
is 'altogetlier rude, but full of spirit'. The nave, the most ancient 
portion, was built at a single epoch and by a single architect, and 
is distinguished In consequence by the harmony of its style and 
proportions. The Tarioua chapels were added at various dates. The 
Lady Chapel was erected in the 15th cent, , by Pierre Gauchon, 

156 Roultil. MfiZIDON. From Pari) 

Bishop of BeinTUE, one of Joan of Arc's Judges, in eiplBtloD of his 
condemnation of that berotne. In the fifth aide-cbapel to the right 
Is a handsome modern altar. The_y^lpit. the choir-stills (In the 
style of t hi^ 14*^ n ant.l, and six large paintings hy Lhnoimltr, papil 
of Vien.ln the cBapele of the nave, representing scenea from the 
liTBB otSS. Peter and Paul, are also noteworthy, Henry IT. of Eng- 
land married Eleanor of Oulenne in this catbedial In 11&4. 

it is a 

pretty Publie gard en. The Muslt (open on Thuci. anrSunTTT^; 
on other days on application) contains chiefly modern French pictnres. 

The church of g!._J aM Ufj Qate J.^l'l ■.<*"*■)! • little to the 8., 
reached by the Rue aiTTTEac, contains some eood^Etslned^laBs and 
ancie nt pain tipgs ami wood-carjinf, Unt'the only interesting feat- 
nre of' the eiterior"is"tlie halustrade which runs all round it. 
In tl^pBls^bourhood are many quaint old hoDSes; e.g. in the But 
avx FivTts ftfai son iJe Friintols Premier, or de ta Palamandre), But 
d'Orbiqtitt, and Bve dn Savi:heTle$. ~' " ^ ■ ■' ' 

From Lialenx to rmuillh and //gn/faar, tee pp. 17^.171. — Abrsncli-line 
rani lo <30 H.) La THnUI-dt-Riolllt {p. IGO), vli (fi M ) Bl., 
near ttie ancient CAdUnu de llaiHiK {uisilors admitted), and rl2 H.) Orftm 
(H3I. deFraDce; d? lE'lutrrcJ, a small tnwn wilb aa InteTcitlng cbnrcb. 

At ai. Oun-li~Pin, 7 H. to lUe W. nt L>9ieuE, <■ the SDelsnl Athtt 
af Pal Richer, of nbich Thomu a Bicket wai for a time abbot. It vag 
tranarormed loio a chatesu Hy Quiiot, who died bete in IBli. 

lieyond Llsieus. we pass through e tunnel, !'/( M. long, and 
reach [130 M.) Le Mtmil-MaageT. 

A branch -rail war """ hence to (S9 M.) Sle. OaUb-ret (n. iUB), via 
(15 X.) KiinnUiirt (Sol el 1 d' Or), a. gmall lonn SM. to Ibe H. ot CanentlMrt, 
a villaee noUd for Ha cboeae, and Ob'h »■) SeHaufour (gee p. 1E6), 

We now cross the Dictt. — 134 M. msidon (Buefet; mu de 
I'Eorope, Ste. Barbe). Rtllway to Argentan, etc., see p. 1B6. 

Fbob H£iidon to TaooviLtK, vii Uabogrg, BeuzMal-Honlemle, and 
VIllErs-sur-Mer, Sl'^M., railway In 21/, hM. (fares B fr. 60, Sfr. 80, ifr. 
(5c.). Tbe train deacendi ihe VatUe S'Aii))i, witb rich paiturea watered 
bT tbe Ditet. — S M. Holtol, with an intereitinB ehureb of (be iSth cent.i 
BVi M Biuvron. - At (12'/. M.) OotuW-ftriM a line diverge! to Caen (p, ITO). 
- IT</t H. CabHtrg. Thence to {31Vi H.) Tn^title, aee pp. ITl-iTJ). 

140 M. Afouft-^fj^encei. A column at the neighluuring village 
of Vimoni commemorates the battle of Va(-*s-J)wnej (1047), in 
which Duke William (William the Conqueror), aided by Henry I. of 
Ftanee, defeated his rebellious barons. — 144 M. FTtaoavilU-Cagny. 
To the right appears the picturesque town of — 

149 M. Caen fp. \^). 

A iTt'lfe" "beyond Caen the railway crosses the Omt. Fine retro- 
spect of the town. To tbe right lUferges the branch to the coast 
raUway (p. 175), to the left tlie railway to Laval and Vire. Futbcr 
on, to the right, is La Maladnrie (p. 175), with a prison. — IDS M. 
Carpiqutt. 167 M. BretteviUtSoTT*]/. 163 M. Audritu, to tbe left, 
with a fine church of tbe 13-14th eentuiiee. 

leTM. Bneni (Bitel du Luxtmhourg, Rue des Bouchers 2 
K. 3-4, B. I'/^IT 3 ft. • Orand E6UI, Bu6 St. Jean 46; liotli »i 
dietence from the station), & town of 7800 inhab. and the seat ol 
bishop, is situated to the light of the ralJway. 

. *irsrBK,^saj^lril£ing Gothic adiflce of the. l^^ljjth 

cent., built on the site of an eactTerchiitcIi'louiided' in'the llth cent. 
by Bishop Odo of Bayeui, half-brother of William the Gonqaeroi. The 
two Romaneeqne towers of the W, facade are surmounted hy Gothic 
spires; CheTlam^janrG.. tower !(M. ^JQQd^iu dome. TbftjdWMt, 
with Its giaceiTui turrets, is o ne of t he most beautiful examples of 
thf. "f tlY-<ii?t^He sU\b in France. 'I' h'e'rate rat portals" are also note- 
wnrthy feaimflS "f ']"* eiterior, which U stilTeiabDralely decorated, 
though'many of the si^ulpturea have been mutilated. 

The la.T EBloB producfii an equally dl^ninsd ImpieMloo. 'Q 
esq n^Hrc taSoT the nave belongefl lo a church of t he tSU i cent.; 
iitii 'of lEe lower archei are covered with rich dr^iTng. Ti 
ingly graceful pointed archea of the apac, constructed In (he luiij '■^'"■- 
arTlfiong JSJCcG^e'r hcauUei of the church; while, on the otScFE^ind, 
the vinduwi of this pail'ortha biitldlng full of effect on account of their 

hin.>T I arBj ' »Ti it ft n f."~VRAr'i» ire'X! ^pela Id ijhe calhedtal, and a large 

crypl (adm, Mc^'unJer the choir," Jaling from' the 11th cenlurj- The 


»WlIr and (onr gedllla in, the «ioip should Be exaijiinea. AaJ(UiiiluBi>ftft6. 

of thetorreaDTfllte outside ia achiiptcr-buiis? of the IJlth^nl, frfJTorcdT 

T he flne Ren aissance house, Nq^ 6 Jn the Place, should be 
notic6dl'The"l(ue"mrCBanoines andtfien' ffie ffiie Bourbesneur, 
to the right, lead to the h andsom e Pl.ace du ChSteau or Place du St. 
Weur. Here (to the riiHTTTs 'he 'PuhUc LibraTy (30,000 toIb-I 
contuning a small Mut fe [shown on application). In the latter is 
pr^serred the famous *Bith(ix Tafescbt, which ia conveniently 
eipoEeil to Tien' I'linJer' glass,' to" tlt!&'"sfi'6oiir room. 

This Famous Tapalry conslits of a atrip of linen cloth, noir somenliBl 
brown with age, 290 ft. long and ISInchea wide, embroidered ip coloured 
WDOUen thread wltli aeenes llluitratlng the events which led to the con- 
quest of EueUnd by WlUiam In 1066. Host of the scene: are eiplained 

168 floBi*?!. BAYEUX. fVwnParrt 

Ths orieln of 1M> intetuUBg work hu iItod rite to much eontro- 
veraj. i hvourlts Dpinlan uetibu it to Hitllds, vitt of the CDnqnuor, 
BDd InditloD hu §t th&t It wu her death alone that pnTSDled the flnal 
icene otWlllliun'g eoionition appefuiog on (he tapealry. Thoagh poaBlblT 
not hj Vallldm the work is nndoubtedl; a contempocu; work ot Wil- 
liam's celgn t so that <tB importance ai a Matortcal doeament fu ontwelgbl 
Its iotecest as a specimen of the domestic ait of the 11th eentnrr- It la 

mpntinripd In .n inirentripv nf p.l>(^iljl hpl^TiHni; (o Bajeoi CSthedrll in 

dl l-^il, »ben It naalocallT 

Ca tjapQl eOQ I. e.hibited it 


■der to incite IhffTTEffcF 

'arlk restiTreJlu Bayeui. '— the llrat of (be 

lile of the left aide of Ihe room: — 

le Contesaor deanatebea Huold to announce lo William 

dsT be kini of Enclanil. 3. Harold aeti oot. S. Churdi. 

C. Hwoif drlTen bf a at«rm to Ponthieu. B. Harold 

7. Oaj, Coant of FontUea, arreata Harold. 8. Ouy and 



.■ 11. 




' 16. a' 





BritUnJ. n. They 

mam from the quickaanda. 18. Conap put to niKht at Dol. 19. William 

a lance, s'l. Wimam knighta Harold. 32. They retuiD to BayeuT (Baglati. 
23. Where Harold takes the oath. 24. Harold ret >irna (o England. 2G.And 
reporli to Edward the result of bis embassy. 26. Funeral of Edward at 
St. Filler's Church (Wealmlnster Abbey). Thia scene seemi out of order, as 
Edward lies on his dealh-bed In Ko. 37, aod dies in Ho.!2S. 39. The crawo is 
offered to Harold. SO. Harold is crowned by Stigand. Si. The people pay 
homage. S3. Podeotoui appearance of the comet of 1066. SS. Harold armi 
Mmaclf. 31. English ship on the Norman coast. 3A. William orders a 

12. 'The vlai 
?. frilllam 

Oyrth, Hiruld's brothers. b3. The thick of the flghl. 51. Ddoeneoaragu 
the Normans. K>. William raises his visor to aho» hit men that he ia not 
dead ai repOFled. 66. Harold'a army ia cut tu piecea. 07. Hesth of Harold. 
98. Flight of the Engllah. — Beprodnctiooi of the Upeitry (S fr.) are beet 

The pit'tar«a of the MuG^e (wodis by Holhitn, Pcuritu, Cloud, 
P^. de Cftampaipne, ind othera) ara aboat to ba tians/etred to > 
special building, along with thosB in the H6tel de ViUe, which »d- 
Joine the cathedcul. ~ A littie to the right of the Ubiacy is a ststae 
of Alain ChnrlieT (;i386'lM9), the poet, who waa bom at Bajeux. — 
BayHBI"Bini VBlalns man y ouaint o ld h ouBea which will deUght the 
sutiquirian: Eue St. MartHi' 'Sos'-TvoST I^i.e St. Malo, No. 4, etc. 
8team-ltam»aylTun"lT;i the ilaffOn afWrkiii aS ToItlWtf^' 
1. To PosT-ii'-BuiBiK, 7 »., in •/• hr. (fares I fr. 20, 1 fr.. Hie.). — 
S K. BvUv, with a 12th cant, church. — I'/i H. MaUem. The rlrar Awv 
diaippeara here Into the Fouet du /Souq/j four carloas natural opealnfa, 

to OttTbouTS. ST. l6, si. BouU, 159 

amarelne 3 M. brtlier on it the Fool ot tfaa eliSi. — 7 K. Pcrt-m-Buiia 
(Hot. de l'Eurap«1 hu ■ Imkll buboui. 

3. To Loo vli fi.M and Cgnmonll 
a fr. 95, a tr. 6 c). — ti'/t M. K^-Jow(f. 

rOCDJLUcbeS {tct beJow) ajTvieBd to the Ibei- — □ n. <i'CTiaiH i_aiH. maa pnan, 
B. Si/i. Vtaa. 8 fr.i de la BelU Piige), md (la M.) Vir tm-Jttr (H«t. VUli- 
des-ArU, B, 3, D. 3i/ifT.) are small aea-baHung placei. - W/t U. Ootr- 
leuim (p. 176). Tbenee to (19'/t H.) Cue, see p. i76. [Tbe can iud from 
tUla point on lbs lame rails as Ibe trains. |- 

3. To ABKOMiScaw, 8 M., in iV. hr. |1 fc. M, 1 fr. S5, Si e.(. -Ir- 
romoncAM (Hdl. du Chemlii dc-Fsr, E. S'*., D. 3, pons, from 6 fr,; de la 
Uarine, B. 1'/:, D. S'/t tr.) Il a prettil; lUaated batlilne-ieaart. 

1S4 U. Liion (Baffet; H6ut de la OareJ. 

FioH LlsDH TO CoiriAHOEe (Ounvllle, Axianohsi, eU.J, SftVt K., rail- 
way Id 1'/i-S>/i bra. (fares fi fr. |(l. 3 fr. 63, 3 fr. 36 0.). Tbe train enters tUe 

U M .^t. Lt (-ffdl, di Cfniwri, d<i. S'k D. b fr.; dt JVormo/ii., goodi 
CiWrSnTTTc^ =oo'cot place, with )l,6ijO inhab., and tbe obief town ot 
tha deparlmcWrEf'tte TOncis, is pictureaquely sUualed on a alupe on 
tHe rigbl bank of the Fint. It derive! iXrvxttifTroai' 81. Laudm (d, 388), 

IJMBier^l'^tteqg'cA I, Ifllft-PwM' baill io^'be ' U^iflUteenla. and 
raiCSTRriu tSt fTlh cenlury. It has two biLndeome lOFcrs; and ouUide 
tbs oli(dr ia a floe Oollii c sione pulftTT'TBe' WW d« "FiiU (a modem 
structure), tb e TdhuSeJuiliii, -anrOio Ptlftclvrt are situated In a square 
" calbedral. In the vsjlibnle of Ibe Orst, t 

'Torigay Marble', 

is ■ fine monument of J. L. Matin (1199-1888), U.6 
c. The Uiuii (adm. on Sun., 13-3, and Tburs., 1-4) con- 

In Ibe Bub Hari 

politicUn, bj Led 

t^ns paintings of 

(iriptyeh wilh ttve 

large enamels), antiquities, medals, etc. A ball on the 

flral Uoor contain 

a natural HUtom CMkUoki and in a room below ate 

nine old pieces o 

t tapestr; and some sculptures. — At St. \Ji is one of 

tbe prinidpal stud 

farms In France, with about 100 torses (adm. 12.30-6.30). 

to O^OtrM, (p. H0( 16 M.) vli (lOVi M.) r«TW»w- 

Rr< (Si- Pierre j^ 

•Anelelerre), a small town witb two ancient tburches 
he Ath cenlnr;. 

FrSm 8t?W t 

Views to tbellefl. 

- 39'/. M. tW-tan™, see p. 177. 

To the loft flows tbe EiU, an affluent of tbe Vite. — ISTVs M. 


2B00 inbab. and a 

to BngUnd. — A 
(arinacampi Cro. 

leam-tramwaj plies from Isienr Tli (7 11.) Orandcan^ 

a new balhlng-rea 

art, and (31 U.) La ifms de Liary. 

Crossing tbe Fire, we now enter tbe Colenffu, a flat and marahy 
region, famous foi tts cattle. Tbe aame is said to be a eorinption 
of Aga Constanlinui. Many of the fallowera of William tbe Con- 
queror came from this part of Normandy ; and some of the most 
illnstrions names among tbe English aristocracy are derived from 
those of humble Tillages ia the Cotaiitiu. The hedges here give quite 
an English aspect to the country. 

195 M. C«ims.tB^(H6l.d'AngUltTTt; da Commttee), a town with 
3968inhah. on tbe canallied Taule, exporting vegetables auddairy' 
prodace to England. The church dates from the 15th century. 


Vtan CuMTAii 

(ftMS 4£r. eo,8fr.2-,_- ,- , , 

IhB Cberbourg and Bred line (p. 177). 3f H. ForOiaa (Dcs >uyKe<un; 
do Nord), ■ smill aupart cairflng on tnds irith Jenef. — ^S'/ii H. Ovtost 
fflOI. dc la Iter. p»n». from S tt.; d'Antlltiri. goodj du Cbbbm™), s 
Ihrivlne balhlDg-Plue ud auport, wllb n dall; serrlce of etcamera In 
anmmu to (I'/i hr.) Oorn on the Island of Arj» <ratei Bfr. 8fi, 1 fr.Bli c, 
leium-tlekeU 10 rr., S£r. •16 c.). 

From tbe BtaCton of [208' M.) Monttbcurg a branch-line luns to 
the town of the same name, 2i/j M, to the S.W., and to (2i/s M, 
rarthoT on) the ratlwaf from VgJognet to Barflear (see below). 

213 M. T&lognei fUSttl du Louvre}, a small decayed town with 

lohab. and s church, part of which dates from the 16th century. 

UK, aai/i M., ra 


f. C(ai 


3 fr. BO, S fr. 5 . 

B ka. a .pedal .ulion n«« 


slalion. — 0'/. 11 

. ai-MarHn- 

dAudBurUli- Vi 

iBdrmnJrt. Bn 


bc-g, .ea .btTv*. 

- »/, B. i 

QuUMlle (H 


ia a sea- 

bathing plaee wl 

th a §ood b 

eacb. King Jai 

.ne. 11. ot £i 


1 watebed 

the baltle of La 

Hogue (sea 1 

below) from tl 

lis neighbanrl 



froBOr; dt Jfji 

muu-dU), ( ssB-batMnK town 

inls. Tbe bi 

rbonr la defend 


1. ro(i*™. 

W lie N.. "and o 


is fimoos 

ror tbe defeat of 

the Fiencb i 

,r.lllB bj the 

Bd EngllsH 

and Duiel. Ileeta, i 
in May, 1892. 

.nder Euoell 

ce off the doast 

eir (SiM d 

H nar4) U a small ieaport i 



1 Id the middle *«ea ai 

of cammUDicatlon between Kormand; and England. In 1130 Prince Wil- 
liam, pnlj son of Henry I., will. UOyonUB noblemen of tboEnelish eourt, 

otRonen. The Poials di flar/ttw or ttai de aalUnlle, 2Vi H. lo Ibe N., 
tbe B. eilremily Ot the peninsula ot the Cotenlin, Is marked by a Debt, 
bouse, nearly 2^ ft. hlgb. ~ A public conievance (2 fr. 10 e.) pllei twice 
daily (6 a.m. ; 2.30 p.m.) in 3 bra. from BarBeur to (17 H.) Cbeibourg. 

219 M. Sattevait, to the left, has a chateau of the 17th centary. 
Branch lo CoaUnces, etc., tee p. 178. — 223 M, Couuiik. Beyond 
a hilly tract lies (226 M.) Martinvaitf with a chateau and atud-fatm 
belonging to fiaron Schickler. Near Cherbourg we pass through a 
short tunnel. To the right is the Montagiti du Route (p. 163). 

231 M. ChBTbonig. — Hetela. Da finiXAuit it dk l'^ubofe (PI. a' 
E, 4), Qnal Alexandre Troll IB, B. 3-10, B. I'/i, dc>j. Si/:, D. 4 (r., Inel. wine t 
us L-AioLE KT n-AfOLETBUuE (Fl. bi E, 4), Place 6rlcqnavllle, B. B4, 
B. li/t. d«j. 3, D. 1, pens. S-ia, emn. 1 fr. ; 'Da FaaKca et dd Commiicii 
(Pl.ciE,!), Kue du Bassin. R. from 3, B. l>/„ iii.t, V. S'lt, pent. S-lOfr.t 
Etoile (PI. e; D, 1), Koe OambelU 7-, DV LooIRi (PI. fi D.B), Bne de la 
Pall 30l di Paaii, Dual de Ciliiny. — Ouhd H6til I>n CaaiHO (PI. d( 
E, 3), beyoDd tbe Avanl-Port du Gommerce, open only in the balblng- 
leuDU, B. 1-7, dUi. i, D. B. pens. 12-1& fr. 

OaNa. Do Onrnd-Baitm , di Ptrit, <tua< de CaKgny; de l-Amlrmtl, 
da rj^opt Qual Aleiandre Trula; du Thidlye. Place du Chateau. 

/■o(lollfs,'Bu"du BMsin^l.''" 

Tramways. From the J'laudii (JAdluu (PI.E,4) to r«r(aKfUa (PI. 0,3l 

tlU): and to SiueurdrtuiOt and (tmrqutrilU (comp. PI. A, B, I ; p. 161). 
area 10c. wUbln tbe town, 10 c. per section our side the tuwn, lis. for 

twice dally (6 a.m. and 4 p.m.)] Lo Zwdnnsr and 1<> Ometaaif, see p. IS l! 





T iipedllioiu witb 
ould he nbde. 

■I, 8uD. St B.30 p.m. 

FcBt tnd Talagripb Otitt (Tl. D, t), Rue da Is FanUine B3. 

BrltUh OoMol, tf.S.loA¥i!tirB-cotaiil,g.A.P. Fsrtlir. — Aiuiliiu 
OgDioUr Acant, aa»-|i J. E. BatmiriOt. 

PranoH Prota.Unt Church (PJ. D, 0), Pisco Divetle; BerTiea »t il i.m. 
BUglitA Church Strvica tie btli lien Id Aug. ud 8ap(. at lOs.m. uaep.m. 

CherbouTg, a town with 42,938 inhab. and a factreBS of the flrtt 
class, is the third navai ttarhonr of France. It owes its impoTtince 
tfl its aitnation at the N. eitremltj' of the peninsula of the Cotentin 
(p. 159), in a hay embraced between Cap LSvi on the E., and Gap 
de la Hague on the W., and directly facing the coaet of England, 
which is about 70 M. disUnt. 

Oharhourg la supposed by Boma salhoritles to oocapy the Alte of the 

jaB^'i^B, ( 

1 1418. In 1356 It 




ipital < 






Flaaili. in mi, tbe Engliib fleet under Lord Bone landed a force Here 
nnder Qeaeral Bligh, wlio deitroyed the foitffi cations snd burnt the Bhlp- 
pinc and all the nsTal itorei, thoagh he left tbe town and Iti Inbahltantl 
nnmoleBted. In April, 1311, the Dae de Berrl landed here, and In Aug., 
1630, Oharlei X., the ex-kinf, embarked at Cherbourg for England. 

The town, moat of which is modern, well-built, and clean, is 
eomparatirely uninteresting. On quitting tbe station (PI. E, 6), the 
visitor finds himBelf at tie E. end of tbe town, and at tbe S. end of 
the Commercial Barbour, which is situated at the mouth of the 
IHvettt and the Trotehte. This harbour, of quite secondary import- 
ance to the naval port (aoe p. 162), comprisea two basins and an 
entrance-channel, 660 yds. long, Sanked by granite breakwaters. 
Large qoantitles of butter, eggs, and poultry are exported hence to 

Tbe RotnsTBAS of Oherbonrg, which lies in Icont of the two 
ports, has a total euperfldes of 4 sq. M., but as certain parts of it 
are too shallow for large ships at low water, the total available 
anchorage is about one-fifth of that, or about 600 acres. Though 
sheltered on three sides, this roadstead is naturally exposed to the 
fall force of gales from the N., and Vauban, the great military en- 
gineer, seemed almost to be flying in the face of natare when he 
proposed to establish a naval port here. The efforts to protect the 
anchorage by means of a 'digue' or breakwater, placed about V/2 M. 

BuDiua'i Northern France. 4th Bdit. 11 

162 Route SI. CHEBBOOBG. Rcabour. 

fiom the town, v«te twice baf&ed by winds and wsvea, but a tbird 
attempt, begun in 1832, \aA succeeded in rearing a gigantic barrier 
vhich seems liliety to witbetand the tury of tbe tempest Tbe pieaent 
'Digue i% a Bobstantlai breakwater, 4130 yds. long, from 160 to 202 
yds. broad at tbe base, and 65 yds. broad at low water-mark. It is 
formed of hnge blocks of granite, carefully fitted togetber and present- 
ing a eloping face to tbe eea on each side. On tbis base rests a mass 
of masonry, 30 ft. bigb and 30 ft. tbick, rendered practically mouoUthic 
by tbe use of hydranllc cement. Tbe works cost upward of 2,680,0001. 
ViEllorE are permitted to land on tbe Qigae (boats, see p. 161], 
wbicb Is fottlfied with four forts and twelve batteries. Tbs excur- 
sion is one of tbe pleasantest at Cherbourg, and vlBitors enjoy an 
opportunity of viewing at close qaartere some of tbe men-of-war 
whieb are usually lying in tbe toads. Tbe view from tbe breakwater 
to the W. of the central tort ia flnet than that from the E. The 
channels at tbe ends of tbe Digue are commanded by forts on tbe 
mainland, as well as by detached forts on islets. Tbe defences of 
the town are completed by a chain of detached forts on the sur- 
rounding heights. 

The HAViLHiKBouR, oti>ocli/ard(Pl. B, C, 1,2, 3), is strongly 
defended on the landward side by a special line of redoubts and a 
ditch, wbicb practically render it quite separate from tbe rest of 
the town to tbe 3.W. It Is entered by way of the Kue de I'Abbaye, 
beyond tbe Colonial Munument (PI. D, 3). Foreigners are admitted 
only Tith an order from the minister of marine. Tbe visit tabes 
about I'/a hour. 

Louii XIV., witi the aid of Tauban, nrai oonceived Ihe idea of e5Ub- 
lishing a navalWrbonr ai Cberbonrg, in oppoiiiion lo ForiSDiautli, about 

wai dgne until Napoleon 1. took up the project witb vigour, Iti com- 
pletion wai reserved for HapcleOD' III., nho opened the port tu preienca 
of QutcD Ticloria in 1S58, eiactly iOOveara after the last Enellih auack 
on thetown, Tbe barbour &nd its buildinj cover an area of M acres, and 

baeins, veil eqmpped workebirpB, magaiinea, and itoreboiiiss of everr aort, 
uul innumerable ibeds, barracki, and other mllltnrT and navd eatabllali- 
mcDIs. The ibree obief buins (tbe A»ant-Fiirl, jtrrifn-Baula, and Batttn 
d Flol) have & minimuni depth of 90 ft. u low water and can easily accom- 

Belween the Biseiu k Flot and the sea is situated the Danaisn dt 
VArtiUtrii (PI, S, 1), witb an eilenalve jIksenil, perbipi tbe most intaieet- 
Ing point in tbe Jackiard far the ordinary visitor. It contains about 
00,(110 weapons (^.IXMmijaket'), artistically arrsngf d in gonmeirleal patterns 
And In the shape of porjicos, palm trees, baskets, etc Visitors are generally 
conducted over one or moro r>f the Jfrn-o/ITar lying In Ihe harbourj hut 
as these are nauatly diamantled, they are not so interesting as when lying 
oolitde In the roads. A CoUKHm of Uodili Is also shown. 

Kear the commercial harbour Ilea tbe handsome IlitalTt (PI. 10; 
E,4). In a small square adjoining the Avant-Port is a bronze ButI 
of BricquevitU, a colonel of tbe first empire, by David d' Angers. 
The Plaee NafioUon (PI. D, 3), to the left, farther on, U embelliehed 
with a brony-e RqueaiTian Statue of Napoleon I., by A. Lo VM. 

JB6tel dt VilU. CHERBOURG. p. BouU. 163 

Tha inscription, Tavade rfeolu da lenonveUr i Oherbourg les mei- 
Teilles de I'Egypte', lefeis to the construction of the Dtgue, wiiich 
the emperor compared to the PyramidB. 

The Church of La Trinitf (PI. D, 3, 4), on the S. side of the 
aquara, dates from tliR 16th century. The nave ia decorated with 
polychrome paintings, and above the arches are painted and gilded 
retiefa representing acenes from the Passion and a Dance of Death. 

The H6TBI, BE VttLE (PI. 6 ( D, 3), on the W. side of the Place 
d'Armaa, contains a Music of some importance (open on Sun., 12-4, 
free^ other days for a fee). Hany of the small ancient paintlnga in 
thia collection are unfortunately hung too high. 

pRiNciraL EOOH. From rigbt to left, 1, 2. Albaac, Annunciation, 
Cbcumdsion; A. BaroeciB, St. Foncfe of Asaisi; T. Carasaggio, Deaih uf 
Hyacinth; 8. FIcrtMint Schoul of the UIK ctal., Hermitssei 9. FleraUini 
School, Deseeot from the CroSBi 11. Fimtana, AdoraUonof thcKa^l; IS. Fra 
AtlffMcB, EDtombmeDt; 14. Oatbiiml, Hadonna', 16. Giargiom, Sr. Peter; 
n. Gua-ciM, The wouni)?d Tantred aided by Ucrminia; ffl. PaninI, Colos- 
aeum and Arch of Constantioe at Rome; ScMcwaM, 21. Joaepb inteFpreling 

sack; Birra-a, U. David praying, 3). Job; 35. JTuriUo, Bearing of Iha 
CrDU; ST. BIbiro, Fhlloaopbeii 99. ^cbl, Flowan; 10. S. van Balm, OCTer- 
iDgs lo Bacchus snd Cerea; 42. Brll, Landscape; 15. Cranacli, Eieclora 
Frederick lU. and John of Saiooy; 17. DietHch, Portrait; IH. Van Deck, 

Fsdt, Madonna; 01. Franci (At Yaoagtr, The Ionian taken in'adijlersi 
52. h', Genre-scene; 60. HomUcoeler , Ape and parruquett Gl. Jordamt, 
Adoration of Ibe Hagl; &5. J, ran Loo, Melancholy; 66. ifnUyj, PeaeaoU; 
'•% 13. Van BKiimm, Landaoapcs; 71. F. Pnurbut, Francis II. de Mi^dlcls 

'on Blaimai, Landaoapcs; 
danghler, afterwards wife 

— ,-^ptjch); 79. J!o<!ni- 

lioTmna; Madonna and Child attended by angels; 80. Suvich, Flowers; 
83. Tfrnir^ApsscatouaingiSl. Fonnia, Inlfrlor of a temple; 88. /. I'moor, 
Old man; 88. Th. IVyct, loterfor; 91. Bomg, Houdon in bis sindy; 98. 
Botirgulgnoa, Cavalry attack-, IM. Coipti, Scene from Don Qniiofe; 119. 
/oarf (Oloua), Small female porlr^t ; 123. La/oui, PrfSenlation In the 
Temple; 131, i2S. Largiimre, Fortcaili; 12B. Liplcii, The srsnted requesli 
133. ObAt, Eagle and haw; /•obmIo, li?8. Pieli, 189. Pjraoius and Thlsboi 
113. SlBOua, Portraits; 116, 146. Bab. Eoberl, Buins; Letueur, IIT. Sermon 
on the Mount, 148. Justice; 107. J. KmMl, Landscape ; 158. VMitt, Portrait 
of ISlrardon, Iheaculplor; 1&9. VoyM, Cerea and Meptunei 171. GtmialtH 
Xiau>, Madonna; 112, Gouder, Interior; ISO.*. SLJerome; 218. LtoaardB 
da Vinol„ PortrUt of the artist; 338. Sitntie School, Madonna, — Ko number, 
n. de CftdrnpafiHU, Portrait of an ecclesiastic. — In tbe cenlte: Fltmith 
-...., „.,., ^... ................ .nted to Herod; Vnknoan ArtUl, 

Sduml, Ihe head of . 

liihn the BapUat preaen 

Hndonna [on msrble) 

i; Liflwt, Qretthenin 



On the S. side of the town is the noteworthy modern church of 
Wol«-Dam(-ifti-Vo(u(Pl.D, 5), in the liomanesque style, with two 
towers and spires at the W. end. It replaces an earlier chnrch of 
the 12th cent., built In fulfilment of a solemn vow taken by Queen 
Matilda of England during a storm. 

In the pretty PaUie Qarden (PI. F, 6), to the E. of the station, 
a statue to AfWcl (1815-75), the painter, was unveiled in 1892. 

The Monliignt du Routt (PI. F, 5), beyond this garden, commands 

■ fine *View of the town and the roadstead. Tho nunmlt, Toailied 
In ^U he., ia occapied by a fort, to vbich Tieitore are not admittsd. 
XnTiniu, Pleuant eicmslciiiB [air. 2 tr. per hour) mi; be mnde tmm 
GherbouTc lo ths Ohdreau it Martmeiil (p. 160), the pirk of v'hich ia open 
on Bud. ttoca tS-6; lu the (IfU HJ CAKfuu il T-^latilU (IBth cent,), on 
thaBarflenr road (Irumwa;, p. 160)^ (o ibc Tillage of CWi".) 4'"4«<*"'« 
(tnuDwa;, p. 160), f H. beionil which is lbs CAdWaii i4 ITaojimiUi, 
toimeil! tba reBldBou of Couot Alexia de TocquevilU, tbe gre^t political 
writer and hlstorlaa. About 2 M. farther od la the bathlDg-beicb of (B V.) 
£<if>ij(nitr (Voiatn I Millet), lo which an omnibua (50 c.) plies 1 times diilr 
(Stimea on San.) from the tramwaf lermlnns. Tba littia port of OmonH^to- 
la-Sogtu (omnibub trom Cherbosrg. I'/i Ir,, i timei weekly) Ilea 5 H, from 
Lanlemer. Tbence vt maj proceed to llie pretty Bof of SI. UarHa (S'/i V. 
farther), beside Copt La Eatue (IB M.), ^m whieb the Channel lalsnda 

From CherboaR to OouUmfti, Faaigns (OranTille) , PmUtTHn Want 
Bt. Michel), Del (St. Kalo), and Brtil, tot B. 24. 

22. Caen. 

Bailwaj Btatiou. Oari di VOnttt (PI. F, B>, the chief •latlon (bnffel), 
to the B.E., nsed by all tralna, including Ihoae to the cout (but camp, 
p. 174)1 (Jari St. Martia or <fa la Mir (PI. B. 3), lo the V.W. — Oart dH 
IVoiniiai' « Fapiur (ateam- tramiray). Soul. 81. Pierre (PI. D, B). — Ko 

Hotel!. Da Ljt Plack-Koi^le (Pl.c; C,S), Place da la B^publiqoe, 
oppoaitB the Hdtel de Ville ud the Mua^e, well ipoken of, d^. !>/«, D. 
aVifr.i HSt. d'Ahqletkeke (PI. a; D,S|, Kue SI. /can TI, R.4-^, B. i'li, 
d«j, 3, D. 4fr. — J>EFiuKaECP>. e;E, l»,D»rthBgtalioi>,eood; Uodekhb 
(PI. I; D, B), Bonl. St. Heire, B. from S, B. t% itj. 8, D. 8'/. fr. Incl. 
vine; DI LONDEBB, Bue del Quatre-Venta, neur the tiice de 1^ &i- 
pniilique, R. from 2Vs> B. 1, m. 2»/t' D. aVi fr- In':! ■rioe, well spoken 
of; o'EapiosBKI oki KSoociaais (PI. b; b, 8), Bne St. Jcmi 71; ns la 
Pi.»CBEoiiit|PI.CiC,a), Placode la E*publique, H. 3-6, B. 1'/,, d^.2'/i, 
D. S>/, ti. incl. vfioe. - Da SoBii.NBia Bue 81. Pierre 25, ne.r the aUtion, 

oai/j, d_Jj.2V.,D,8J 

. :im,aneSt.Pierre60id«laB«rM,BueSt.Jeana8, 
with girdeni it Madrid, at the HSiel d'Espagne (see mbuTe), with garden, 
— Saataurant. 'Fabn, Place dn HurcU-Kn-Bois, k la carte. 

Oaba. Per drive I fr., per hr. 2 fr., eich .ddiliomd V, hr. 50 c. i '/n fr. 
more M night (il-7)- -~ Lagsaet, 25 1. per p»ckage. 

Blettric Tramwayi {comij. Plan). J. From the Oart 4t I'Otml {PI. F, ft) 
to the Oart St. Martia (PI. B, 2); 2. From the Oari ia fOtuit to the Xaa 
Bitpquii (PI. A, 3) ; S. From the CimitiiTt dt VavallH, by (he Sue de Vau- 
cclleaCPl.E.O), to Iho J^flla*-<W(, by IhoHoe fleBaveuxfPl. A,3)j 4. Frnin 
the J^ml d( Omrtonns (PI. E, 3) lo I'nwir, by the Bue fiaponniero (PI. A, 8), 
Farea, lat ctaaa 15 c, 2nd cl. 10 c; eorre^pondanca 5 e. more. — Steun 
Tramway from Caen to Falaitt (p. 189). 

Poit Ofleea at the Bolal de Vllle (PL C, B) and (he Bue de la MaHna 
(PI. E, 4). 

Batha. BrUnt-LaroIr, (PI. G, I), Kue Daniel Uuet. 

Bteamboat dally to Le Havre (Qual de Juillel; PI. F, I); aee p. 61. 
To J^«*ac™ (Quel Vendfentroi PI. E, 3, i), aee p. liil. 

Sritlah Vice-Oonanl, F. Ltlhbri4gt. 

Encliih Ohiioh (Bt. MieiaePi), Bue lUchard Lenoir (Itll bank or the 
canal)^ Chaplain, Her. T. Aihi, if. A. — Miiii<m Strtia at 7p.m. at the 
BrilUh Saamen'a IvUlali, Quai Venda!n>re (PI. E, S). (Ahoul aiOO Britlah 
aallorl vlail the port aDoually.] 

Cam, the chief town of the department of Calvadoi, with 14,800 
tnhah., and neit t« Ronen the most interesting town in Normandy, 




N Google 


u Cadmw 

It part ot the ilm mb 

B i'mi 


e of William t 



two ibbajs 


,e beautiful cburc 

JlM of th 

town. In 


Caen, at mat time 



ngl&nd H 

taken and pillued 
plnred it In lift. 

br Ed- 


11. o 


; «d H 

nry T. mji 



allF wrea 

En^i6b notil IIBO 

suSf^l ma 

h in ttu 


4°«s of™ 

and was well-ni|b 


by Ihe 


S8S. In 11S3 CaaS wai tbe 



t aesimt Ih 


this ti 

hal Chu 

V. burn i» 


^.r (1182-1811), lie cnmpo 



el, «o 




in th« 

»t»Ql Oe 

e du Ub^u 

PoudH. (PI. C, 1). 

The colebrMed QiK"at*Ji£ a««Hlnne, which have for i 
edlflcel of Franco Md Englaofl, Uej£.a6 ,W,bi4 S. of.tbt Mffn. 

On leaiing th« sUtlon (PL F, 5^, we turn to the right, take tbs 
tlret Btieet U) tlie ligbt again, which te»ds under the lailway and 
over the Ome, and so retch the handaome Monumtnt of the Son) of 
Caivadoi, cammemotating the irarof 1870-71. In the Rue St. Jean, 
'beginning at the farther end of the Place, which we now follow, 
rises (on the right) the late -Gothic^ church ot _8t. Jean (PI. D, 4J, 
with an elegant hut anaiily)l^a lower. The church is unfortunately 
much "KTtfderihf ^h'e adjoining hoaees, and its fine port^iaa.he6n 
disfigured by an nnsuccessful restoration. -^^^^"There are eeieial 
interesm^TrtmuSses in'theRue St, Jean, among them (Ng^iiS^ 
that ofCHdMlh Corday and "(!Jo"a.''!M & 241 the HAM ^{ p-" 
(1 6th ce nt.X „. - . -y 

' St. Pier re (PI. D, 3), in tbe bouterard of the game name, is a 
most Interesting example of Qothle architecture, though dating from 
various epochs from the 13th to the 16th centnry. The chapels and 
the turret ot the *Ap8«, _"^it5" Te'ry elaborately decorated, were added 
In the Renaissance period. The most striking feature is the *7(>ipct 
Ci bp Ct. 1. to the right of the main portal, a masterpiece of the bold 
and graceful style of art which prevailed at the beginning of the 14th 
century. The spire is pierced, and its base is snrrounded by eight 
small turrets. There is a portal in the side of tbe tower, but the 
church has no'transepta. 

Tbe general impreision of the laterior ta one of {real barmoDy. Tbe 
CBDitals jtLlba.nasalTe pillaia in Ibe nave are eaiTed with a eurtoue mla- 
Sfranyof aacred,- profaie, knd erolcjque aiilyecla. (Note eipesiiaij tbe 
tbirdcapllal on tbe left.) Tbe end of tbe nare eenlrea'tm a sfnete pillar, 
Uia'iliuftfWtnTnailon being one on eacb aide. The..v4g}tt,^ . and WMubO. 
ofttie E. half o( Ibe .iiave are nutewortby. ThlornamentallDn of tbe live 
'CSHpels grtlie i'l'se la eapeciallv lavish, inot'udjng unuaually liijc key- 
Opposite the t^yior qS the church Is the Eiehange, formerly the 
H flljt fatoi a , a^pT ctnceaque. building of the 16th century. 

On an emmence'tieyond the small square in front of the main 
portal of St. Pierre we situated the reinains^ot_the CaaHe JTPI. C,D,2) 

1G6 Route 22. CAEN, LaTrinitl 

begun by WiUiniD the Conqueroi and Qnished by Henry I., and 
ni«ial times alteced. K is now used as barracks, and preaenls few 
points of interest. The castle was held by tbe Englieb after the re^t 
of the town was taken (eee p. 165), bnt in 1159 the garrison of 4000 
men was compelled to sorrender toDunois.j— In the Uue de defile 

Conqueror, while the latter at the same time founded the chacch of 
the Abbey e-au!-Homme9 (p. 167), as an expiation of the sin they 
had eommitted in marrying within the forbidden degrees of con- 
sanguinity. La Trinity, with the exception of one chapel, on the 
right of the choir, in the Trensition style, is Norman-Romanesque; 
It was skilfully restored in the last century. Two square towers rise 
on the W. fa^de and another from the transepts; all^three, long 
deprived of their spires, were provided with bal^gtudes in the 
18th century. Th^ irt"^"r Ifi 1*.",'.^" M",yi8- Small galleries sur- 
mount the aisles, and there is an interesUtiftJUjii^^.esth the choir 
(apply for adm. to the Hotel-Pieu). The choir, which TsTesetved 
for the nuns who manage the HoteI'Dieu (see below), is closed to 
the public; but it is Tisibte ffjiig^thelusiaAt.^kciLUgl' tkegrille). 

Tbe B6ttl-Diett or Uospilat {P\.1', 2), adjoining th6T!lLU?c"S" Is 
eslablisbed in the former nunnery, rebuilt in the 16th century. The 
nuns of La Trinity were generally daughters of noble familiee and 
enjoyed considerable privileges. The abbess was known as Madame 
de Caen. Visitors, generally admitted on application, are eipected 
to make a contribntton to the pooi-boi. The extensive park com- 
mands attractive views. 

We retrace our steps to St. Pierre, and then follow the Una St. . 
Pletr^Nof^.^3 ^iid 64 in which are quai nt ho uses with W(ii)i1-fjj;riflf 
Fartbet'ori, to the right is SI. SauKe uTjTnSSJ, consisting of tBC 
churches placed side by sid4 tltS." forming an immense nave. The 
building is In the Gothic style, and has a handsome belfry of the 
14lh cent., a richly dfCorjtsd »E8e^Jhe_16-'TO)i'i;e(it","'8nd some 
olTTtaUied glass. 

nib' Ituo Trolde, skirting tbe church, leads to the Palgit^t 
VOnivtnlU (Y'l.C, 2), which was partly rebuilt and considerablj 
enlarged in the last century. It contains a Natural History Ma- 
itum {adm. Sun., 12-4), the ethnographical col lections of Damont 
d'UtWIle (p. 190), and a library of over 37,000 volumes. In front 
of it, in the Rue Pasteur, are bronze statues of MaOitrbe (p. 166), 
by the elder Dantan, and Laplact (1748-1827; a native of Cal- 
vados), the mathematician, by Barre. — Near the Universitf 

8t. ECienne. CAEN. 23. Botrit. 167 

are the modem Gothic Btnedlctine Church, attached to a con- 
vent, and the Fromenadt St. Juiim. — At the W. end of the 
Rue Fa«tear ie the Place St. Sanveur, in vhich Is another church of 
St^SauvttiT (P\. Bj2j 3), dating rrc.m_th6.12thi 14tb, and 18th cent., 
now a corn 'market. On the right eide of the square rises the Palnil 
d«Ju3li«{lSlh'cent.). In the centre is a btoniastatoe, by L, Rochet, 
of Blit de Beaumont (1798-1874), the geologist, a natiie of the 

The Rue Ecuy^re (old houses at Nos. 9 and 42), continuing the 
Bue St. Pierre to the W. from the Palais de Justice, leads to ~ 

bayt-Sus-HoJitmei, foonded hy William the Conqaeror at the same 
date as La Trinity (p. 166). St. Etienne la In the same style as La 
Trinity, though la^er, but its unity of etyle was destroyed hjr alter- 
ations in the 12th cent., when the choir vas lehnilt in the Pointed 
style. It is difflcnlt to obtain a satisfactory view of the church, on 
account of the buildings which hem it In. T lfH W. i jc^Ar., with two 
elegantjaaar? <d the 12th (iSJJt»296 fj.^igh, is remarkably plain) 
and the interior also, lilce that of La Trinity, is dletingalihed by its 
dignified aimpUdty. The aisles here too are provided with galleries; 
the 8. aisle is adjoined by a Gothic chapel added In the 14th century. 
The transepts are shallow and have no doorways. A lantem-towei 
of the ITtb cent, replaces the pyramidal spite, 400 ft. high, which 
formerly surmounted the crossing. A ''Inr'' ■""'^'i'' «^'h 'i fptt of 
the higti;^t»r.markE. Ihe tamh,.of WiUwailwCuiqiieror (A IftftT); 
bnt the bones of the monarch were rudely scattered by the Hogne- 
nots In 15«2, and again in 1793, so that the tomb is now empty 
The eaeiisty, itself an interesting specimen of archltectore, contains 
an ancient portrait of the Con<)ueror. Other noteworthy features are 
th e ehol r-stalls, the ^[v^d nlock-o5is.ein the S- tiaiOPPt, t he palpit . 
and' the'organ-case, supported by colossal figures. 

^oTetrsoFTiee'maii wrilei u folJowi of thie highly interutlni; etmrch, 
Mmt 'O'be'clbDiT^u ^len way to °°Utw matio'n; bu"the nave of Wil- 

and Jmqiiget, and liad not yet beeun to develop Into tlie mors florid 
style of Bayeui and Saint Qabrlel, tbe church of William, lut in gc^e, 
bold and aimple in iU design, disdslnlnf oroameDl, but nerer linking inlo 
indenesi, ia Indeed a church worthy of its founder. The minsler uf Ki- 
Ulda (La Trinity ; seep. 168], far richer, even In Its earliest p«ls, smaller 

^andeqr of propoition vhlch marks the work of her hushond. The one 
is the eipreaston In alone of the imperial will of the conqnaring Duke; 

i'N»rma» Cmgatie, Vol. lU, p. 109). 

(EL A,2), built by the monks of St. Etienne in 
^or storing hay. The apse and transit may be seen from the ceme- 
tery. Hr. Fergnsson believes if to be the only church in Kormandy 

168 Bowie 22. CAEN. HSul dt Ville. 

vbicb letaina tbe oiiginal coTering of tlie apB«, eo nalstlng of s loft; 
pyrimiaalroofofat(flrK~"' ~" 

' Tlie Ability e-'aui-Hommes was rebuilt io Ibe 18th cent, and is 
now occupied by tbe tycft tfoZftnie (PI. A, 3). To reiiob Hi.S.f»S»da, 
which is turned away from tbs oburcb, we letrace out Eteps to the 
PaUig de Justice, and enter the Place du Pare, to the right, wbeie 
there is a bronie Statue of Louii XIV., by the yonuger PeHtot. 

Tbe Lycfe conl^na Bereral handgniiie raoms [vlBitDiB admilled). The 
Bi/edorv ind the ChaiKl are panelled witli oak and adorned willi paintings. 

of tbe abbey it occniiled by tbe aeigbbonilDg £»!> Ifarmatt d~/Mlllutr<«M. 

In the Rne da Caumont, leading E, from the Place da Pare, ia 
the Old Qs^ofJi,Mifjm' (PI. B, 3), of tbe 16th century. No. 33, 
neatly opposite, formerly a Jesuit college, contains the Antiqnariftn 
Hoienm {PI. B, 3), open to the public on Sun. and Thurs., 'l-i, bnt 
accessible to stiangere on other days also. 

Tbough -tbs collecUoDi Kre out laige, they conlain Bome luteiestlne 
objects. iDclnding an antique bronie tripod; UeroTingian UTnameats, found 
Id a tomb near Caeni a goblet called 'William the UonquEFor's', but in 
reality an Italian work of the eod of (ha ifith cenl.) and embroidered 
chataliles, etc, of the i6th ceotory. 

Tbe Rue St, Laurent, running to the S. from the end of the Bus 
Caumont, leads to Notre Dame or La OlarietU (PI. C, 3), a church 
built by tbe Jesuits in the 17th cent., and to the Prifeeturt. 

Opposite tbe Prefecture is an Bndeut seminary (17tb cent.), now 
occupied as tbe H^el da TUle (PL C, 3). Tbe entrance is on the 
E. side, in the PlaceTyi'a'ESpublique (PI. 0, 3), where a marble 
Statue ofAuber (p. 165), was erected in 1883. The fJlftg;^, in tbe 
left wing of the H6tel da Vllle, is open to the pnbUconSan. and 
Thurs., 11-4, other days on applying to tbe concierge (linoclc at tbe 
door). Explanatory labels on tbe paintings. 

On the italreaie ; 208. B. J. Foriititr, The burial of William the Con- 
queror Interrapted by the former onner Dt the Boil, who had been no- 
juitly disposseased to seeurs a site for the church (p. 16T); 3r>l. Abl dt 
F^!<i, Old man with his oSUflren. 

Roo'i T. To the right, 318. Fr. Oirard, Death of PatrooluB (unflnlahed)! 
•m.lBflK^e, Slave-deaterj; 2TB. Oirawl, Procesaion of the Cireumcljion 
al Cairo. 322. 0. UoUUy, r.andBMpes above the door, 291. Biboa, William 
the Conqueror entering Londoi 

Hen S.SS diickens "-fel. Mrt' 

School, Virgin I ■ ■ 

da Sarin m, S(. neuiuiioiij .1 

Hole to St. Ruberti 116, 117. E 

Madonna; "6. Fervatao. Martiaee of the Virgin, from Ihe calhadral of 

Perugia, one of Ihe chief iTorks of this maiter; 199. PaUl, Landicapei 

fa. Sudani, Portrait; Bi. CaltKuvl, St. Sebastian; 162. Dtmtr, Head of an 

old mao; 1TB. ^f. 9er>, Bacchus and Ariadne; 3. Vilate da Bohpia, Ua- 

donna; B. /jrairtBO, 8l. Jerome In Ihe wilderaess! 9. Carpacdo, Virgin ano 

Child, wilhsainUi 7!. Bna}hrl, The Iribute^money ; S. Cima da CmigHanii. 

( S(. Sehaatian; 102. Qatllinthi Bldir , The Virgin] 

of SI. Augu.itine; 7. I'mOMaffo, Annunciation. 89. J/ompw, 
cattle. — 136. Manner of A. fiwBSB (not F. Sul), Porlrnit , 
176. Coniil tad Fimtntap, Mme. do PnnbJre. 

E. iU. Above the door, 189. Rnlovl, Washing of the f 

9. J. Bcitfr, ForiHiti 813. Liumf 
B En, OritaUliLi 2St. LumiiialM, : 
sticnheiil ui Bcrlbl; ^Ojl. TWrJM, St. Bcverini 2K. Charlran, Tbe w 
taper; 2S0, Bibol, The ofater md tfae IMgUDtsi 90. J^OKl M( r<»H: 

ligm Ilia G"Dquerari 103. aouiluurl. Old wamBni lOU. P\. da cWrwurfi 
Hetit or Chrlsl) 1S3. Braimburt, Intf^rjor; !23», 234, FrmcA BtM 0/ 
17th mU., Mr. and Mme. de tDrmigny; (,3. rmlrB-i Mi fownfir, Woe 
imoklng I 8B. £i:Ah>I o/ flii5iiu, Biccliastli ; B7, 53, Orjtuui, Fluwers 
riull; GO. ran Btatn and Vihrl BnirghCl, Tlie <Dur elcm(D»-, iM. e^an 
(1B12-Ib), Adoralion of IHe Bbeplieids: JSl' aoUacA: (lS;0-n61), li 
diicDiBtiDg Ibc la<e of Angelica and Hsdoio; 97, r "* ' "' 
Vow of LuulB XIII., Annunciatlom 146. Bma. LLndacipe; ID). F. *rj«A«r™, 
Landscipfi '79. Fr. florU, Ponnll of a wooian; 186, i<t™i, BapiUm of 
Chriil: 179, 180. B. Blfaad, Porlraila. — 183. Ulima, Danial in the lioni' 
den; 3i. Lanfrmulii, Kesii if Be. PcPer; 186. S. /ioving. Portrait of a physi- 
ctiD; lis. FicUiir, ciister-aeller-, afi. Setia-itni Va„ OaU, ViVi and Gblld 

R, IV .' IBI, i* Fl^t 11633 

nfiru, POTlrait of a magiBtratei (( 
blue ribbon; 101. Pit. dt (Vunnpo't 
mi BacclUDle*; 60. Lavrt, KbIuid 

AOHefi by Bibtma)^ TB. 2iirteran(?7, ai. uiara; idi. t^or^Ait ca 
■ ■ ■ ■ '■ " Mo/BTnd), Virgin and Child) IBJ. J 



, 61. 1 

lllDJ> ScIwkI, 

, Apollo 1 

>Dd T< 


; 18*. Ti*r 

and A 

■f(*. Tmir- 


raa". J 

Prodigal E 


:lor^ »»u. 

tick} 191. S. Jtititn, Tlltaonus and Aurora; 72. JT^rl 

. ... -,ei. SoUmrva, 

DeaUi of Arthimedes! •{«, Phil, dt ChanipaSgnA, The Samaritan Womsni 
138. ran dar BlM. Poitralt) »6. Jardatai, Bead of a begiar; 61. IVpsIo, 
Bcce Borno; -167. P-Kutn, Denlh of Adonla; Paoio Vmmtu, li. JudKb, 
16. Fliibt Into Egjpt, 16. Tusptatlon at Si. AnlhoDr, IT. Cbrlat dvloi the 
keyaof btaT«a to Bt. Pelen '1S6, TomHn,, Portrait nfAndno, tbe en- 

fraieri 69. ItJbtra, Tbe Ciown of Tborna. — 71. SOiTa. Head of Et, Peter| 

ia4. ZullT'l, l-sptiaDi oF ChrJBti 183 Risoud, lianuai •uiciuy. 

a. Y. 181. iMueur, Chriit and Ibeicrlliei, IS, TrBtorMIo, Tbe L 
8uppeVr%3, 203. Da Chara'«a [1613-1711), l.aadEcapcs. — In tbs mlddl 
tbe room, Sciavieairt, Child and lorlolae, In maible. — Prom thla i 
'.e CoUeclloo Haocel (aec below). 

Sja. 170. 


, Sc 



IE Vienna; I'i 

5. y. Co 




al, Portrait < 

, fe. /•. 


f Malh, 

trtie; 5 

!T- Z«»( (1562-1646), 


Br«tgM, Flcmi 

lb fejilt 

, El. C 


., Gipfifi ph 

ijing e 

- 196. 

iMtmr, 8o!omo 




iia rat 

drr Ifnrfo., Loul 

aXIV. e 


1, Corio 

; 111. s. 

ion RuDadoal, Laadaespea; S8. Anydari, lnlBrloc;a7. Si>i>d(ri(v), fieat-bunl; 
llU, Hi, J. ran filamitn, Landacapea; ISI. X<jriMtJ, Port nil. — l3fi. Dngilool, 
Landicape; 101. D'Artoii, Id.-, S6. Ctfnani, Jael and Staerai 69. EKuttUa 
«iran<. Portrait of tbe artlal, — Statues: Vamni.riiinMir,Balher;£f<'z,Kliili. 

Tba Manal CqIUcUm, on Ibe 2nd floor, conlsloa a llbrirT, painUnea, 
eDgravinga, ind other work! of art. 

Ilia Library, also in the H6tel de Ville, in part of the former 
ehspel of the semiDarr, conUina about 100,000 tcIs. and600HSS., 
besides poiusiu of illaEtiiosi ns>tiveB of Normandy and a copy of 
the celebrated Biyeni tapeBtry (p. 1&8]. 

In the Place Gambetta (PI. C, 4), to the S. of the Hfttel de Ville, 
is the modernGindamwrK, opposite tbe facade of which Is the Jlfu»^e 
Langloii (Son. and Thars., lf-4), containing paintings by Gol. Lang- 

170 fioutcSS. HONFLEim. WaleHng-Raeti 

loti. — F&rthai to the S. *ie the fins promeaadeB knDwn u the Court 
SadfCarnot (PL C, D, 4, 5) and tBeWund- Co urs (baud on Sun, & 
Thnre.) which sltrt the PrairU in which is the Hippodrome or race- 
course (races od the first Sun., Mon., and Tnos. in A-ugnet). 

Aboot'A M. to tts ?■! «t Hia Basse 201, is the Manoir da Gcns- 
d' ATme»'(V\. d, 3)1 s picturBequ'S'flilriea edifice, of the 16th cent., 
so called from two statues of armed men on the main tower. The 
towere and connecting wall are ornament ed w ith, curioiu old me- 
dallions, and the main tower still retains a niie gcatoS'WnirbV.' ' 

TBb interesting, hut sotaewhat remote Jar^mJfiR'atirej'fl'l. B, 1 ; 
open ali day) contains numerous hothouses, 'TnipDrtaiLtherbariB, etc. 

FaoH Cakb tu Diveb-Ca«uubo (Trimvt^U). 1. Baltviat (SO H., In 1 l>r.) 
from tbe Oare lie I'Ooelt via (ISVi M') Datull-Ptlot, wbere we Join ibe 
line from K^iidoD (p. 106). — 2. Tramwag (IDi/i H., In ]'/• hr.) from Ibe 
Boul. ei. Piiwn (fares 3, 2'/,, 1'/^ f') «<^ Bttmwillt (p. ITl). 

PaojiCiKH ToOa«svii.LB. ri, Vi» Vire and FolHgnj, HOiftM., railway 
lo S'/i-W/j ti". {f««< 16 fr,, 10 fr. 16, 8 fr. 66 c). Bi/i II, Ks-i™.- 11 M. 
Xtpirii 161/tH. fWo-j-^ocaiH. Ibe line now inreiiet the unduliliae and 
wooded dlltrict known at tbe Bscogi- From (33 H.) Guiiatrriac a brancb. 
ling diTergea to (IB V.) £i. M (p. ie»). — 16 H. I'ui, uid Ibrnee M {BOi^ M.) 
OrmwiUa, lee p. 181, 13^, — b. Vi& Lion and 51. LA, 92 U., railway in 
lift 9/1. hn. (iSfr.aa, 11 fr.»5, Ttr.iOe.). To (35i/i M.) LU<m, >ee pp. 156- 
169; thence to (bS H.| Coufnncx , see p. 1B9; Ibeni^e lo 0l'/t H.) FalUfnv, 
see p. 1^8; and llience to (Si H.) tfniniilli, see p. 18i. 

From Caen to Oartoarf, see p. 166. 

23. Wateriiig:>Place8 in Calvados. 

Oi. TcoiiTille-DeanTille, TUleTs-iur-Hsr, BanisTal-Houlgat*, 
and Cabonrg. 

From Paris to Trowi'fis, 136i/i K., KiiLwsi in l-EI/i brs. (faru U fr. fl'i, 
16(r.6a, 10tr.86e.),-FroioTrouirilleto Villa-t-iur-Mtr, 7 M., K«itw«i 
In i^tai. (fares 1 fi. 2B, 85, 55 c); to Btuioal • aoulgaU , IQ'/i M., in 
*S-B0min.(far*»3fr.a6, Itr.Kle^ ItfOi lo Cotowv, UV.M., in I-l'/, hr. 
(tarei S fr. U, I fr. 65, 1 ft. 10 c). — Anolber tout*, see p. iSl. 

From Paris to (HSi/g H.) LiiUux, see R. 21. We leave the line 
to Caen on the left, pass through a tunnel '/i M. long, and descend 
the valley of the Touquti. 6 M. i< Brtuil-Btangi/. — lO'/s H. 
Fout-rEvlque (Brat dOrj, a qnatnt ol<l town famed for its cheese. 
FuoH Posi-L'Eviuoa tu Homflevb, l&i^ U., railway lo W-fiO min. 
(faiei 3 fr. le, 9 (r. 4U, 1 fr. 16 e.). — tlis train passea tbruugh a tannel 
iV< H- lonj. Prom (T'/i M.) QvefCxills (p. ITS) a vlgit may bs paid to 
Cbkteau d'H^beHot (see p. 1T»J. The train skirts the Stitt. 

i&i/i U. Honlear (CAtsal Blaat, Qusi Beauliea, B. S-T, HI- 3Vi. D. S h. | 
dfl £a(«h<n, Eue dn Daupbio; Bl. Stmioo, Vi X. froiii the igoay, on tbe 
Tro ^v 111 e ro>d, pens. 8tr. — British Vice- Consul, /.«.£. (JAorteiHii; Ame- 
rican Consular Agent, Etart U. Bard^), a seaport town with 9ti00 Inhab., 
Sicturesqoely situated on the left bank and at t^e mouth of the adns, has 
ecllned sinee lbs foundation of La Havre, and also owing to tbe silting 

tu Improve and 'extend the latter. Hlinileur Is'uinnscled with Le Harre 
by a regular lErvics of Bteambaats; and It eipDrts large quantities eF 
•MS, poultry, tegetables, and fruit to Kngland. 

Tie station li simalcS near tbe barbnur. The misl de Vi 



toCWMAw. TEOUVllXE, M. BovU. 171 

DMT the ODt«i lisrliour. Tbe cnrloal timber Church c/Bi. Calhcrin; ditlne 
rrom tbs end of tbe Ifitli ceol^ conaiita of two puBllel naisg wilh tislci. 
It couUtni I lood oTEii-loft, a Diluting of Christ tn OBthaemuie b^ /. Jar- 
•loMi, and > BeariDE of tba CrQU by £r<ii>n<ii Qiu'lfit (In ilu oave). 
Ths Otte d> Ora«, to thi W. of the harbour, It to nunad bom a pll' 
gHm^ti-ehapd iDucb reaorted to bj A^lorfl- It commaDdt a 0qq view of 
Ru mouth of tb« Selnei and the plateau forms an agreeable and shaded 
pTamuMde. Tha 'Stia and SaliurmU dt la BenaHOnct on the top may be 
leachcd In about i/i hr. from the hubour. We pat? the left aide of St. 
Catherine'!, follow the Bus de Once to ttie ri^hl, and then lake a path 
tu the left, beilde a customs- u (lire. Below, on Ihe road to Trouville, is a 
Sta-baMiiy Eilablithmtnl, but the beath L- muddj and little frequented. 

An omnlbua Ica>et the Chsial Blanc for (10 H.) TrimrUli regularly 
In the season at B a-m., 12, :i.SO., sndbp.m. (l'/,-l>A hr.; fang, Inside 
1 fr, BO, outside 2 fr. 10 c). The road runs partly among trees and tha 
TlaiT is eontlDed nntll we reach (9 H.) CHonrtwi/, with Its pretty <'y- 
COTSied elinnh. G X. Vaitr^lll, tee p. 173. — 10 M. TrcuvtOe, tea below. 

16 H. Touquei (Hfit. de la H&rine), & email river-port sboat 
2'li at. from the month of the TooqaeB, with tvo ancient chaicheB 
(ll-l'2th sent.), is I1/4 M. from tbe mined ChaUau de BormevUtt 
(adm. 50 c.). Then, to the left, appeir the railway to Gabourg 
(p. 173) and the ruse-course of DeanTille (p. 173). 

18 M.TroUViUe. -HoUU. -De* Boobes Koieej (PI. a; C, 2), a lat-e 
etteblithment, at Iha N.W, end of the town and bueh, B. from B, B. IV^ 
d^. t, D. 6, pens, from ififr,-, dk Pmn (PI. b, O, H), also of the Oral 
ela», near tha casino I D'AiiatETsKH (PI. d,C, 3), behind the cuino, P 

from 6'A. B. I'/i, d^j. i. If. 6, pens, from 12 fr. ; du Hsldeb (PI. t; D, 1), 
dy, 8, b, 41/jfr.; ML* jBTiK-PaOMKHUlB (PI, I i D, 1), K. from i, B. i< 
d^i.^Vi, oA, pens. 13-lfifr.| d1iBhu-d'0k(P]. e|C,S), KnsdesBainsU, 
B. from 34. II. 1'/., Aij.i, D. 0, pint. IMdfr.i dd Chiilit, Rue d'Qri^aiu 
(PI, C, 2):BeA[BKJOQa(Pl. hj 6,1}, QuiiVall/ell, pens. 10.12 fr.; Tivou 
(PI. i; C, 3), Enede Jailer, A. Vlri. S. VU, d«j. 3, 6. *fr.i de laPlaoe, 
Di BocaoooNB ct Di Li Puci, bolh PJBca da rHfltel-de-Villg, K. 8-7, 
B, IVi, d^. 2, D. 3, pens. T-13fr.t du Lonvas (Pi. ki G, 3), Bue de la 
Mer », B. from 3, B. Vl,, dij, S, D, 1, p 
Carnoi 28, behind the C»irirn. ,>» n..«, n 
JoinTille 31, near the , 

Bestanranta. At Ihe a/Hrl du Hildtr and the other boiela. — Baffel 
at the station. — Cal«i. Zx la Flofi, near the pier; Sdat-Ouint (caf«- 
CDDcert), also on the beach, adm. 1-fi fr. 

Bea-Battis oppotlle the Culno and the Hdtel des Bochet Kolrea; 
bathinB-hoiTQe.-^fr.-. eoltumeO), <peU<>oii' SO, towel 15, 'guide half nenr' 

Oaains (Salon: PI. 1, C, S). Adjniaaion for one dayS fr. (belwesn July 
llth and Sept. 15lh Sfr.l; per fortnight, for 1 pen. 40, 3 pen. 70i per 
month, 70 a 110 fr.i per half-season (June IBlh to Aug. IMb, or Aug. l&th 
to Ihe dote) W ft 130) three months 100 & 170 fr. 

Oalii. Wilh one horse, between 5 a.m. and midnight, per driye li/i, 
with luggage 2fr,; %vilh two horses 3 and Si/, (r.) for Deau Tille 2 and 3 
or S and ( fr.| per hr. I fr., each addit. hr. S Ir., with two horses 1 fr. 
ettn\ per day^ and 30 fr, — OarriaKa* for hire, Bue das Bslns Ni. 

Poit ft Telegraph Otflee (PI. fl; C, 8), Bue Victor-Hugo. 

Bteamlioat to Li Htnri, dally during the season, in >/« hr., see p. 61. — 
rmv (PI. C, d), to SeauvlJle, in vummar only (Qc.) 10c after 7p.m.). 

Omnlbna from the station lo the town, i/( fr., at night 70e., or 70 
and 90 c. with 60 kilos of laggage. To B<«ifimr, at g a.m., noon, 3.30 
ands 5.16 p.m. daily dnrtng the season, starting from the Bue des Bain 11 
(fare! 3 li. 10, 1 fr. eOct see p. ITl). To nUsnrfUs, see p. IJ3; to ViUtri- 
KT-Mtr (p. ITS), Vt fr., reiurn-licket 1 (r. 

172 Rouu s; 

'ui't'ii ti 

iriloD-bnkei plj regnlaiif ta viiioni 

_ the Tlf^altj {consult the plsurdi) bree 3-Slr. I. 
coniuig ui uiii Diaunce); otHoi Bt (h« Fish Hirkel (Palssonnerie), 

IVoucilb-rar-tfcr, pleMantly sitiuted >t the mouth of the Toti- 
fuel, is one of the most frequented WBtering-pUce» on the coast of 
Normandf. The season Usta from July to Octoher and is at its height 
in August, when living here is eitremely expensive. Fifty years ago 
TrouviUe vii a hnuible fishing-village with a small hiibour; now 
it has 6137 inhab., and the heach and adjacent slopes are covered 
with handsome villas and country-houses. 

The BaUiBcy Station (PI. C, 5] is situated on the left bank of 
the river, between Deauville and TrouviUe. We cross a bridge to 
reach the tatter. The Harbovr (PI. B, G, 3-5) is mnch used by 
fishing-boats and also carries on lome trade in timiier. The church 
on the hill to the right of the hetboar, Notrt-Dame'dta-Vietoirts 
(Pi. 6 ; C, 4), is a modern erection. The FUh Market (PI. 8 ; C, 4), 
near the end of the quay, preseoU an interesting spectacle when 
the flshing-hoats coma in. Thence the important Rue des Bains 
leads to Nolre-Dame-de-Bom-SteouTS (PI. 6; C, 3), another email 
modem church, with s fine facade and a Renaissance tower. Beyond 
the ftah-market rUes the HSUi dt Vilit (PI. 4 ; C, 3), in the style of 
Louis Xin, to the left of which is the Place de la Cahotte (ferry, . 

The *Bea(A (flagt) of Trouville (PI. B, C, % 3), stretching from 
the harbour to the Hotel des Koches Noires, a distance of about 
2/3 M., is one of the finest in France and during most of the day in 
the season thronged with holiday-makers and bathers in fashionable 
and attractive costumes. It is bordered for nearly its entire length 
by a broad paved or boarded promenade. It has been pithily des- 
cribed as the 'Sammer Boulevard of Paris'. 

The Casino ff 1. 1 ; C, 3), known also as the Salon, \ large edifice 
on a terrace overlooking the beach, rebuilt after its coriDagratioii in 
1903, offers all the attractions common to fashionable institutions 
of the sort. Theatrical performances take place thrice a week, and 
a grand ball U usually given on Saturdays. — Another small Cttfjno 
was opened in 1892 ou the Prominade Pier (PI. C, D, 1), at the other 
end of the beach ; adm. to pier 10 c, gratis to passengers by the 
steamer to Le Havre, vrhich starts here at low-tide. 

SeMTiUe. — Rtlali. Qiuhd Hotil de Dcxdvule (PI. I| A, 5), de 
LA Teeiabbe CPl' m 1 B, I), on Uu beoeh, B. fcom 3, B. i'li, Hi. i, D. 5, 
PCBB. from lOfr.i Di l-Eueope (PI. n; G, S), Pba9citi, both near the 
Bittiao. — Bov$u aod Fuvaiihid Apartmtalt may be oblilnad. — 8ea 
Bathing u at Tiouvllle. — Ferr^ to TrouviUe, see p. 171. 

DeavoiUt, which shares the railway-station with Trouvill*, may 
be reached from the tight bank of the harbour either by ferry (5-10 c.] 
or by the bridge near the station. Founded in modern times ai a 
sea-bathing resort, it has broad and straight streets, but the original 
plan was never carried out and the town presents the appearance of 

in Cal-Mdoi. V1LLERS-3UR-MEE. 53. Roult. 173 

u lialf-filied canvas. The beach k distinctly infeiior to the beach at 
TroBYllle, and at low watat the tide reeedes loo far. The Ttrrattt 
aklrta a noinbei of Sna houaet, dtoated somewhat far apart — 
From the heach a tramway nma to ToitrgivHle-la-Sabtam (10 c.) 
and BintTviUt (20 c), about halfway to VilUrt^uT-Utr (see below). 

Daring one week in August tbe Race Caurie (PI. B, C, 6) at 
DeauTlUe Is the scene of a highly fashionahle raee-meetlng. 

Eiumaioss from Tronyllle and DeaiivlUe (ie> p. ITO and comp. tbe 
Hap, p. B8). To the rains ot Bmiitailli. Laaai, and Si. Anwall, see p. 171 
and below. — To tbe (10 M.) Chiliaa d-BibtrM, a caitls of His ITlh ceot., 
sltuBted at SI. AHdrt-d'SOerlot. The road inleriBCtt the piolnreiqoe Fei-eil 
ff Tati^aci and paiacj (B M.) 81. Oatiin and. (B'/i M.) SI. Binoil-i'Btbtttil. 
The slaUon of QuelleviUe (p. 170) lies Vh H. 10 tbe fl.E. of Ihe cHlleau. 

AboQt 3'/i H. to Uie M.E. of TrouvUle, b; (he Ronfleui coad, !■ the 
wale ring- place of fiUtrtilli (omalbus, tnice or thrice deilj, t fi.j. Tbe 


d chalet! to be 1« 
to to £> Batrt, bi 


The Railwav to Caboubo diverges to the right from that from 
Lisieai to Paris. On tbe right lies tbe race-course of Deauvllle. — 
31/3 M. TotiTgivllU. To the right rises Moni Canity (330 ft.), with 
the insignificant ruins of Ihe ChAUmt de Lauay and of the Otureh of 
St. AmouU, an llth cent priory. From TourgtfviUe a vIeH may 
be paid to tbe ChSlemi de Gtatigny (16-17tli cent.), which has a fine 
carved wooden facade. — SX.Blonoille, wlthSBveral country-houses. 

7 H. TiUen'tnr-Mel. — Bttels. Dbs HaaBACii bt BuDRiVAai, 
OD tbe beaehi an Paus av DB Lt Plaob. adJaeeDt, R. li/t. peu. 10-13 rr.i 
i>u Caiiho. — Bea-Bathi, Vh fr. t batblnt-hai and foot-bath 60, coelnmB SO, 
peignoir 20, towel 10 e. 

ViUers-tUT-lder is a picturesquely situated bathing place re- 
sembling Trouville. The environs are undulating and prettily 
wooded; the beach, 1 H. from the station, is very extensive and 
flanked by tasteful villas. At oiieendisasmall Caiino. The charcb, 
on the cliff, partly in the Oothic style of the 13th cent., ie embellished 
with stained glass by Duhamel-Marette. — Interesting excursion to 
(3'/3 H.) Qoulgate via the Desert and the Vachei Noiret (p. 174). 

The railway now ascends a steep incline, passing the station of 
SI. yaeat and traversing woods. 

121/; ^- Benieval-Honlgate. — HoUU. Ai Seuigau, to tbe 
right on arrlTlnt from TrouvUle: ■Oeahd Hutel d'Uodloate, Bne Baa- 
miBr, a U»e house of (ha flrsL ctasa, with aea-vlew, separUsd from (hs 
casino by a garden. R. 6-%, D. E, pens, from (3 fr.| BBLLavDE, R. 3-10, 
B. 1, d^ S, D. S>/t, peoB. 8-13 tr.| BbacbSjudi, Rub des B^ns, tbe con- 
tinuation of tbe Rue Baumlsr towards fieuicval. — At Btacaalt Qkahd 
HfiTEL Ihbeit it db LA HiE (pens. 9-IS FT.); db Pabii (penB. 7-8 fr,). 

S«a-Batlifl. BatUna-box W40. uiBtume UM30, pelenoir SOo., ate. — 
Oaaiiio. At BtnitsaU, adm. 1 ft. t subscription for a week IS b., fortMshl 
SOfr., montb SOfr.-, for 2 pers. 30, 30, 2 fiO fr. ^ 

174 BouU53 CABOUBG. WiKwin^PteM* 

Btiatvat and Soulyatt lotm pitctloaJly one long tillage, stretch- 
ing along a fine land; beach. Honlgate is of recent origin and eon- 
Blsts mainly of Tillaa with ahady gardens. BenzeTal, thioDgli which 
the railway rane, eitenda to witliln </« H. of tbe E. end of DWe* 
and to the vicinity of Oahonrg (see below). 

About 3 M. to thB V.B. is lh« Diiirl, a chaog of Tock5 Callea from 
tbe oliB-s wtJcb are knonn a tbs Vaehu Stiru. 

The railway now appraaohee the sea, and pa«i«a between the 
last few honses of BenieTal and the shore. A little farther on, the 
Dives enters the sea. Walkers to Cabourg cross the small harbour 
at its moatb by a ferry. — 13^/i M. DicO'Calourg , about '/^ M. 
from eacb of the places it serves. 

Divei-iar-Her (•Gui«aume-ie-Conj«c'rant, a quaint biUlding, 
d^j. 4, D. 6 fr. incl. cider; dei Voyagtan, d^j. Vji, D. 3 fr.) was the 
harbour from which William the Conqueror first set sail for England 
In 1066 (comp. p. 12). A colamn on a neighboaring height com- 
memorates the event; and the names dI his companioQa, so far as 
known, hsie been ioseribed inside the porch of the OMrch, which 
dates from the 14th and 15th centuries. The timber JfarliefBuiZdinps, 
not far from the church, also date In part from the 16th century. 

Ctthonrg;. — Hotels. ■Obind BSiil, Ob (be beacb, adjolnlue tbs 
Culoa, al til* and of the Aienua da la Hbt; des Dvce di Houuxdee, 
alio on the beacb, AH. S'L D. 4 fr. t dd Cuiko. dd Hoed, in the Avenue 
delaNer; oas Diux-Hondis, Avenue de TrooTille, d«J. Qih, D. 3 fr.i Fehs. 
Bi>D-Sajoua, Are. d» Balnl (horn 7 fc). 

Bu-Batba, li/i fr.i batbiDg-ltoi alone 60c.. coslnma SOs., etc — 
Ouina. Adm. 1 fr. and 1 fr. citra (nr tbe 'Salle del Kua'i aubaDrtpUaD 
(or a week II. forlnlgbl 30, monib 30 ft.) for i pera. 20, 30, and iblr. 

Cabourg is of modem origin, at least so fu as tbe sea-baths ate 
concerned. It is laid out on a fan-shaped plan, which, however, as at 
Deauville, is far from being completed. It has several well-shaded 
aienues but a wide sandy beacb. There is, of course, the usual 
huge Caiino, witb its Ttrraitt. 

Fbom Dives. CiaouaoiufiEHoDvti.[.E((7a«i,i^Khiur-if(r;,9i/ill., lUam 
tramway In 1 br. (farea 1 fr. SO, 1 fr. 30, 90 c). Tbe line paiset Ihe entrance 
nf Caboure (35, XI, lb c.), und prowedt al aome dlalanoe fiom Ihe aes. — 
2'/,H. LtVoiat(armdmiii), a amaU watariog-place witb ae>anJ viUaa. 
— Several olhci amall sUtlona. — B H. SaaviHe. We croaa tbe Orni and 
a CBoal. — At {»/, X.) BmaatilU we change cara for tbe Caen Une (p. 170). 

The railway, quitting the sea, runs to the S. to (Ci M.) DomU, 
where it forks , one branch leading to (IT'/' "'O Mfsidon and the 
other to (20 M.) Caea. See pp. 156, 170. 

UoTtin (p. 161), 

H. RaiLwu In 

i'/«-i'/j br. 

rem the I7a>'i dt r Otwl 

wItb tbe tr^ni 

on tbe main 

line from (be B. (fare* 

c); or 10 II. 


leu from tbe Oorc Si 

special tialna n 


orfAi (p. 
Ifi. 9c, 

in Calvados. LUC-SUR-MEK. 23. /iot.«. 175 

Caen, »ee p. 164. After leaviag the Geie da I'Ouest tbe train 
makes a wide circuit to the W. of the town, passing tbe station of 
La MaUtdreTie, and reaches the Oare 8t. Martin (buffet), «her£ 
carriages are changed, — 6 M. CmtvrtehtFi 7'/i M. Combes ; 9 i/jM. Ma- 
Ihieu. Before reaching tbe station 0f(l3M.)DouB«)-(a-i)(fiiuraiKle 
we have a vievr, to the right, of its graceful tower (12th cent.), sur- 
monnted by a spire in open stone- work, flanked by turrets. — 12'/^'^- 
ChapelU'dt'la-Ddivranit, a hamlet with the famous pilgrimage 
church of NolTt-Dajne-de-la-Ddivrande. The present handsome 
church, with two towers. In the style of the 13th cent., is modern. 

— i4 M, huc-tiiT'MtT, see below. 

II. P»m Oun to Luo-iur-Vsr vii Oni>tnham. 

16 U. Stiab TBXKWii (p. 170) in i7,hr, (fares 2 fr. 90, 2 fr. IB, 1 [r. 46 c). 

Caen, see p. 161. Starting in tha Bonl. St. Pierre, the tramway 
skirts the left bank of the canal between Caen and the sea, Ti3> Calii, 
HirouviUe, and (i'/s M.) BfainiriiJe. At(6M.) Bmaui^iUe it is Joined 
by the tramway from Di»ea-Cabourg (p. 174). 

O'/a ^- Oaiitreham (HSt. de I'Univers; dt la Marmtj, an old 
seaport at the mouth of the canal, with a Bomanesiiue church (l'2th 
cent). Steamboat to Le HaTre (p. 61). — 10 M. Riva-SeUa (HSt. 
de la Plage) and (12>/! ^-) ^ liriehe-cC Hermani>iUe have sea-baths. 

18 M, Lion-ini-IIer. — Hoteli. QuKDH<lTEL,OQ(helieai;h,K,rrom3, 
d^j.3. D.l, pens, rron 8 fr. i m u Plioe. B. S-5. pea<.7-e fr. ; du CuVADoe, 
Bellei'de, iiy 21/] D. S [r. - FumUked Hauia. — Bw-Bathg. Batbiog- 
boi 20 c, coslame ID c, pelgooir IS c. towel 10 c. 

Lion-sar-Mer is tbe leading watering-place on the W, coast of 
Calvados, though it is less pretentious than Boulgate or Cabourg 
and has no casino. The whole coast to the W. of Caen, though a 
little ahbgly, is very suitable for bathing, and at places it rises in 
ciiffs of some height. At certain poijits the end of the season is apt 
to he accelerated by tbe smell of the sea-weed cost up In large 
quantities by the sea, which though used as manure by the peasants, 
is seldom wholly carted away before it begins to decay. There ate 
few distractions at these watering-places beyond those offered by tbe 
sea and the beach. The batbing-boies are large enough to be let 
(2&'45 fr. per month) as day-quarters for visllors. 

I3V2 M. Haut-Llon has a Renaissance chSteau, 

15 M. Lne-sni-Her. — Bat*l>. Belle-Pliob, R, Vh-i. B. 1, dej. 3, 
D. 31/1, pena, 7-13 tr-! bo Pbiit-Ebpes, pens, from T fr., bolh on tbe beacli. 

— Bak-Bathi. BalUng-boi W, coetnoie 30-60, 'peignoir' SO or 10, towel 10 c. 

— CaaiBD. Adni. I fr., iub>. for a vreek T forlolaht 13, nODtb lOtc. 
famlly-tiEkels leai. 

iMC-mr-MtT, which has a small harbour, is the oldest though 
not now the pleaeantest or most frequented hathing-place on this 
coast. It possesses a tolerable Casirio. — The Faculty des Sciences 
of Caen maintains a Uarillme Laboratory at the E. end of the beach 
of Ldc, in the direction of Lion. 

176 Route 23. ST. AUBIN-SUR-MER. 

III. From Lao.(Dr-K*r ta Laagruna. fit. Aubin-iur-Msr, aad Oonr**nllM. 

•I„ I'll, andS M., In S-ft, 10-13, and 18-30 minotel. Thla nilwij Is 
uaed alio br llie iIbus tr«in»>ir from Bbtcdi (No. Bt aes p. 1S8). 

Beyond Luc the railoa; rans cloee to the thoie. Ths Roehert dit 
Cidvadot in the sea sre Bud to derive thsii name from the 'S&lvulor', 
a veisel belong ng to the 'lovlncible Armada', wrecked here tn 1688. 

3/« U. r 153/4 M. from Oten) IftnBrmne. - Hot«li. Di li Trbhuss, 
on the ibon balfwBT (0 at. Aubin (su bslow), pens. 04 fr. ; Quiid HStel, 
R. S. B. 'U, m. 2'/,, D. 3, pSD). 8 fr. | dk li Bek, w1(1i uK. — BaltilD?- 
boi 30 c. 

Langrune resemblea Luc in its general eharacteriatiCG, but it is 
only ^j\ M. by tbe shore from Luc and 1 M. from St. Aubia, both 
of wbicb bave casinos. The Church has an elegant stone spite dating 
from the 13-14th ceot. and contains a fine stone pulpit. 

I3/4M. Bt. Anbin-BQT-Mor. — Hotel*. Di n Tbbbisbe, hairwaj to 
LaDgrane [see above); 8t. Adbis (pena.Trr.), Bcllevlb, well-alliuled on 
the beacht di li Marihs, on tbe oniaklrta. — Ssa-Batbi aa at LangrDne. — 
OsiiDo, near tbe E. end of the beacb. — Cafi dt rUitimi, near tb* Caatno. 

8l Aubin-auT'Mtr, thoagh only a TlUage like Langrnno, with a 
ratbei ablngly beacb, aflOide on the whole better baling. It bsE a 
long TeTTaBie' of attractive villas, and possesaei oyster-beds. 

8 M. BtmUrti (Vigne; de Farii; da la Mer) also has a few 
bathing-boxes and an Interesting church dating from the ll-13th 

5 M. CdiubbiiIIbi (HSt. det EUangtn, pens. V/x fr., dt Paris, 
both on the beach, near the station) , at the mouth of Ae StulUi, 
carrieE on an active trade in oystere. Its sea-baths, at a little 
distance from tlie town, are the most primilive on this coast and the 
most exposed to the sea-weed annoyance. The oyster-beds are 
between the station and the harbour. 

At Oraullii, &'lt U. up the valley of tbe Seulles, ia a Bne old ebi- 
leau of the 13-tBth cent. ; the ruined Prierif of SI. Oabriil, i'h It. fartber 
on. datea froni the 11th, IStb, and t5th eeniarles. 

Sieaoi-lTsmwar to ^ofn'i', '^' V- iSS. 

24. Prom Cherbourg to Brest. 

(Granvillt, ifont St. Michel, St. Malo.) 
202 H. EiiLUav in ISi/i bra. (fares Slfr. STi, 38 fr. 96, 2afF. OOc). — 
To aramttUt, cbangiue carrlaeea al FoUUnv (p. ISfi), 91 H., in !</• bts. 
(fares IStrna, 10 fr. Ut, S fr. ISO. - To tftmt Bt. Mtthtl. Ballway to 
(100 K.) i^'nfiTH'i in fii/i bra. (p. 1*181 fares 19 fr. SB, 14 fr. 99. lOtr. 96c.}i 
tbence lOVi ■-) b; alesm-lramway (sea p. 215). — To fil. Jfafo, chanelDg 
carriaEU at Dot (p. 3t0| ball of 1 br. 10 min.), 136 H., Id »h bn. (farei 
V} fr. 46. 19 fr. 10, IS U. c). — Coa^derable balls at one or more Intar- 
mediate it^tlODg 00 all these ronles. 

Cfteriourff, see p. i60. The train follows the line to Paris as 
raraa(llM.]5oUeiNisl(p.l60), where it diverges to the S., travers- 
ing an andulstlng and wooded district 

16 M. Btioquebec ( Vitax-ChAUau), a small town with an Impos- 

COUTAMOEB. 2i. Boule. 177 

iog rained Ca»Ue at the 14- 16th cent., and an intecaeting Church in 
the Tr>n«itlon style. Near the castle is a bronze statne, hy Oanova, 
of OtnertU LtmaroU (1776-1836;i, a natlne of the lowD. 

22'/j M. Nihou. — 26 M. St. Sauvtur-le- Vicomte is commanded 
by the ruins of a chjitean and an ahhey, dating Croin the lO'llth 
cBDtariea. — S3 M. La Haye-da-Puit$, with an old ruined castle, 
is also a elation on the line from Caientan to Carteret (p. 160). 

36 H. Angoviile->iir-Ay. — 38M. Leiiay, with a fine sbhey-cburch 
(11th cent.), ie the station for the small sea-baths of St. Germaln- 
tUT-Ay, 33/4 M. to the N.W. (21/3 M. to tbe W. of AngoiiUe), and 
Pirou, 4Vg U. to the S.W. — 46 M. Finer; with an interesting, 
church C14-16th cento. Beyond (48'/* MO St.Sauvtw-Ltndtlinv^ 
join tbe line from Llson (p. 159). 

bl^j-i M, Cou t aj ices (Bufftl; HSttt de Franet; d'Anglelerre, at 
both these R. 3, d£j. "iVu, D. 3 fr. ; du Dauphin,- dei TroU RoU : de la 
Oare, well spoken of), a picturesquely situated town with 6d90inbab. 
and the seat ot ■ blahop, U of ancient origin. 

Its name 1> dcnved from Conalanliaa Chlarus, who ii believed ID haie 
FortiBed it In the Ihird eentuTy. II JufTored mDch frum the IncuruoDS ot 
tbe Mormans, as well u lubBequntlT In Iba Encllib wars. From HIT 
(ill 1U9 it was OFcnpled by tbe EnEllsh. Tbe HagueDotl captured Cou- 

The most conspicuous building is the flne Qothtc *Cathtdral, 
dating In grert part from th$_13tb cent., wilt i gtan3"Paradt, 
flanked by t'^s towers, and a bejiitiful ceoJr.a) ,Ti)u'er of great b6T3- 
uess, which forms a flne lantern in the interior, ttuskin^^^'his 
^.pctu^es on Architecture', singles out the W. towers of this church 
as showing one of the earliest examples (if not the very earliest) of 
tbe frilly developed spire, and points out 'the complete domeiticity 
0! the work ; the evident treatment of the church-spire merely as a 
msgniBed house-roof. The tower should be ascended both for in- 
specl jngltan dfor the view frohftTie (o|>, wliich embraces St Male and 
the ialanrof Jersey. In the interior Sie chief points of inteteat In- 
clude the triforidin and the beautiful rose-windows in the nave, the 
doable ambulatory in the choir, nith Its coupled columns, the 
Oothic high-altar of the 18th cent., and some Qothic bas-reliefs in the 
last chapel OD the right before the choir. — A little to the S.E. U 
the 8imifla,»adjaiaaiM Gothic, CSurrt of. Si. Pif?r(jTr4-16tl cent,), 
containing dnely cirved choir-stalls and some good glass. — Behind 
the small Mus?e is 'a "DnePuJiie Garden, in the suburb beyond which 
la a rained Aqtitduct, erected in the 14th and 16th centuries. 
Abilv af Ba^i. about 11 K. to the S.E. Tbe rnlui Bseu to dale malDly 

A dlligeocB plie.^ fTom CouUneet station lo (T>/t HO Coutatm-att (Beau 
Riva«e, etc.), a eea-balhine place, via [5 U.) rmmttlt and (S H.) Agim. 

Beyond Ooutances we enjoy a flne retrospect of the town. 62 U. 
Oraal-HyenvilU, S'/a M. from vbich is the sea-bathing resort of 
lfonlt?tarlin. Beyond (64 MO QuellratiUe the Bienne is crossed. 

fiuDKiiE'a NoTlberD France, lib Edit. 12 

178 Bouie Si. AYRANCHES. 

76 M. Fottigny (bnff«t) is the JnnctioD of tlia line from Paris to 
GraiiviUe (R. 25). — Beyond (82 M.) MontvironSartiUy we cstch 
a glimpse of Mont St. Mlchsl to tbe right Tbe 8ie Is crossed. 

86V2 M. AvrftUOhes. — Hotali. Gkasp HStEL de Feibui et de 
I.ONDKBB, B.3, D, 3 fr., gooii D'AnoLtuBHS, E. 2-31/, f r. , D. 3fr., well 
spoken ofi BoHKUu, db l'Odut, at tbe lUtion, A. 3, t>. 3 tr. — Cafi 
Au OraiKl hatam, Eua de U ConetitutiOD. — Qrmibui from lbs >lfilian U c, 
at niebt 60 c. lueeSKOOc. 

Euillsli Ohuiisb |». Midml'i), Eue Booillant, Fsrtieea at 11 and 6; 
cbaplaln, Bev. A. O. C. Bair; M. A. 

Avrancht*, one of the oldest towns In Normandy, with 7384 in- 
hab., is pletnTeeqaely sitoited on a hill on the left bank o( tbe 8(t, 
commanding an eiquisila and justly famed 'View of the Bay of St, 
Michel. The direct footpatJi to the town aicenda to the right from 
the Gtation, but carriages muat make a detour to the left. 

Tbe name of the town is deiived from tbe AbrincaUH, wbo are men- 
llooed br PllDT. Tbe Cimlai Abiincatvm was one of tbe imporiant c[liea 
in tbe SEcond Lupdunfniin In Ihe Olbcenlurj. Thebisbopricot Arranchea 
was probably founded in (be etb oenlury. From 1431 ItU lUO the town 
wu occupied bj tbe KnelEflb, AvrancbeB suffered severely at tbe bands of 
tbe HuguenolB) >nd in 1691 il BlubboniJy resisted the Iruops of HEnri IV, 
on Ibe ground tbat he wu a Proleitant. Jn July, 1639, tlie revolt of (he 
JfuPUdi, or armod rIainE of tbe peuanlry against tbe 'Oabellfl', broke out 
at ATranchea. The rlBing wu put down with releoUeu cmelly. 

Airantbes at one time possessed a beantlful Nocman-Gothic 
cathedral, but this wae destroyed in 1790, and only a few «bapeleee 
rutns in front of the Sous-Prtffeotwre ate left to recall it. An inscrip- 
lion on a broken column indicates the spot where Qenry II. of 
England did hnmble penance in 1172 for the murder of Thomas 
Becket. The Police commands a flue view. The Bi$bop'i Oardat, 
to tbe tight, farther on, contains a marble statue, hy Cartellier, of 
(lentTal VaUiabert (1764-1806), who was bom at ATtanchee. The 
PalalA dc Juitlce [the old Bishop's Palace) , which stood to the left 
above the garden and contained a small mus^e, was eniitely butned 
down in 18D9. A little to the S. is Notre-Dame-dti-Champi , the 
principal church in the town, recently rebuilt in a miied Gothic style 
of the 13-14tb centuries. The stained windows are fine. The church 
of 51. SatuTnin, a few yards to the left of the apse of Motre-Dame, 
Is built in a similar style, llie interesting Jardin dei fVan(ci(good 
view) is entered from the W. side of tbe square In front of Motte- 
Dame. The church of St. Gtrvait , nearer the centre of the town, 
dates from the i7tb century. 

Beyond At ranches the railway recrosses the S^e, uid beyond 
(91 M.) PontaubauU It crosses the Silitne by a lofty bridge (branch- 
line to Vire vii Jtfortain, see p. 185). — 96 M. Btrvon-TattSt. 

100 M. Fontonon. Pontorson and Hont St. Michel, see p. 225. 
Hallway to Foagirti and VUrf, see p. 206. 

Our line crosses Uie railway to Vitrtf and the rirer Cbueinoo, the 
boundary between Normandy and Brittany. — 116 H. Bol <B%/fet), 
the. junction of the line from Rennes to St Malo (see p. 220). At 

ST. CYK. SS. Routt. 179 

(124 M.^ MiniaC'MoTvan s braach-line diverges to La OoDesniSre- 
Canc«l« (see p. 228). Between (127 M.) Plaidihen mi (129Vs M.) 
La Hiiae Che railway twice crosses tbe plcturesqoe valley of tbe 
Ramt (p. 228) by viaduois, 100 ft. in height. 

133V2 M. Diniui, EBB p. 226. 

139 H. C'oTieul,an important strategic point held by the liomans, 
is identified witli tlie capital of the CmioiiUtit or the Fanum Idarlia 
of the Thaodosian Itinerary. — 144'/s M, Plancaet (Hot. das Voya- 
genra), pleasantly situated in (be valtay of the Arguenon. 

^l^dUigencea plj W the N. »qd K.W. to (6 MO «■ ' ' 

) <g » small' . 

e Tuioad CMteaf d. 
OuOia and Ibe Fitrm Smacmui lie SI. Jani, rocliB which emit a re 
■aaant note wben struck. - Tbe dillseoce lo the amall yillsge of SI. Cat 
fMtt (5'h M.) Mattgnn (Hflt. dea VojageoM), not f.r from the Chlteai 
du Qutldo (a«B aboTc), and (S fl.) la aardt-Bt-Cait (HOI. d> la Plagt), . 
hathlng place wllb a aandy beacb. — To (ha N.W. or 81. Ca>l are lb 
(7Vi m oli Fen it la Lallt and tbe {10 U.) Cop FriM, wllb Bne f11< 

S5. From Paris to Granville. 

SOB M. RiiLwai (CAvnM it Ftr ii lOtml, Bivi ffiwAiJ In 6V1-IO bri. 
(fuM S6 tt. SB, 21 It. 90, la fr. 2I> c). Tbe Hi^di ilart riam tbe Oare Kant 
Parnasae (PI. 6, lOj, lome of tbcm also from tbe Oare Bl. Laiata (PI. C, Ifl). 

— T» Konl St. Michel, see p. 186. Gomp. tbe Map, p. 100. 

5V2^- Belltvue is the only station between Paris and Versailles 
at which the trains stop. — ll M. VersailUi, see Haedeker't Parii. 
The palace and park are seen to the right, beyond a tannel. To tbe 
left ie the fortified plateau of Satory. 

14 M. 81. Cyr, famous for its military school, founded in 1806, 
numberinglOOOcadetsbetween theagesof 18and21. The building, 
which is well seen from the train (to the right), was originally oc- 
cupied by a school for daughters of tbe nobility, founded by Mme, 
de Haiutenon, and for these 'Demoiselles' Racine wrote his dramas 
of 'Esther' and 'Athalie'. Railway to Brittany, see R. 28. 

21 H. Ptaisir-Grignon. Orignon possesses a well-known Agri- 
cultural Institute, established in a fine cb£lteau of tbe 17th century. 

— Branch to (13 H.) EpSne-MitiiTis (p. 44] through the pretty 
valley of the Mauldre, vU MauU, with an old church and a 17th 
cent. chSteau. — 26 M. ViUUri-lfeauphlt. At Pontel near Neauphle 
it the 17th cent. Chdteau de Fanldiartrain. 

23 M. MontfoTl-CAmauTy (hotel). The little towu, which lies 
about 13/4 H. to the left of the station, contains an interesting 
chnrch ot the 15-16th cent., and the ruined castle (10th cent.) of 
the Gomtes de Hontfort, which was the birthplace of Simon de Mont- 
fort, the able though cruel leader in the campaign against the Albl- 
genses and the father of the famous Earl of Leicester. 


180 Route 2S. DBEUX. From Paris 

The csBtle at (39 '/a M.) Soudan (H6t. du PlM-d'Euin), of 
which th« doDJDD tDd a lound tower with four tniretg eUU stand, 
ulso belonged to the coants of Hontfort. It vta huilt in 110^ 
1137; the Gothic church dates from iba Uth centory. — 46 M 
Marchaait-BToui. The river £ur< ie crossed. 

U H. Drenz {Buffet; mUL it France, Bue St. Martio 24, R. 3, 
B. ly*. d^j. 2'/*, D. 3 fr., incl. wine, goodi du Faradis, Gtmit 
Uae 61), with 9697 inhab., is situated on the Blaiit, a tribnt&ry of 
the Eure, at the hase of a hill on wMch rise the ruined castle and 
the ChapeUe Royals. 

D»ui it K place of Ugh Kiitiqiiily. Known lo the Bomam u Dun- 
tauu OTi)">cw, in tlie lurrlloiy oCthe Carnuteg, 11 wai urnnaUy tha aceae 
of s great loeeliDg of the Uanli. In the middla ages U gave name to a 

1503 the Roman CalhoUcj nndtr Ihe Dae it, Qniia defeated the FtoteMaata 

PriQcrof Condr'"l"lfieot md°t^IiQ iQ"lfi83,"eB"ri IV beslit^ Uw'wVnj 

AamBelvu maiieit of the town in Kov!, IS70, after a short reiiiunee. 

Quitting the station and crossing the river, we soon reach the 
Place Mitheau, named in honour of two famous architects of Dreni, 
who DonriBhed in the 16th and 17th centuries. 

The Church of St. Pierre, a Gothic ediQce of the 13-15th cent., 
shows traces of the handiworli of the M^t^zeaus. Only one of its 
two towera has been finished (in the 16(licant.) and the exterior la 
much weathered. The Lady Chapel and the chapels of the aisles 
contain eome good old stained glass (reetored). The former has alio 
a One organ-case, designed in 1614 by Clement Mdtrizean. 

The H6tel de Ville, which Msambtes a large square donjon, 
was built between ibOfl and 1537 and illustrates the transition bam 
the medixval to the Renaissance style. The facade on the side 
farlhest from the Place is Qanked by two projecliug turrets at the 
angles, and is embeUished with blind arcades and elaborate csiving 
ronnd the door and windows. The staircase and tbe lanltiDg in the 
interior should be noticed. A clock of the 16tb cent, a few works 
of art, and the small library are also shown to vidtors. 

The route to the Chapelle Boyale crosses the square In boM of 
theUStel deVilie (to the left, the.Ba<piIa£ CAap<J, of the ITthcent.) 
and follows tbe Grande Hue and the Rue des Tanneurs (leading to 
the left to the modern I'alaii de JaiUce). We next turn to the right, 
follow a lane behind the Palais de Justice, and finally pass through 
a small gikteway to tbe left Tbe remains of the CattU, part of wbicb 
is seen as we ascend, are insigDiflcant. The Chapelle occupies part 
of the outer ward, wbkh has been converted into a fine public prom- 
enade (open daily till 6 p.m. in summer, 4 p.m. in winter). 

II is adviaable to eiamlne tbe eilerlor of tbe ehspel before appljlag 
at Ihs gale tor admlssioii ffee). The vliltor Bhould not burrr over hla 
InapecileD of the lotetlaT, eapeclallT $t be qvlts the baltding by a rtde- 
dooT Id tbe crypt, wllliout reiurnlnito the nave. — Has! on 6nB. at 10 ajn. 

The'CHAPBLLsBoTALB, or Chupeth^f.Xauit, is a handsome and 

la GrawUU. DKEUI. SB. Route. 181 

blghly interasHng erection, in spite at the medley of aichitectnr&l 
styles whicb it preeanU. It WM began in 1316 by the Dovager 
Dncbus of OiMkne, mother of Lonis Philippe, end. enUrged ind 
eompleted by her son as a bnrlal-pfaee tor the Oilcans family. In 
1876 tbe lem^ns of the eiUed Louis Philippe and his qaeen vete 
trenefened hither from their temporary t«mbs at Weyhrtdge In Eng- 
land. The prlDcipal pirt of the chapel, and the 9rst built, is tbe 
totonda, 80 ft. high, crowned by a dome i3 ft. In diameter. The 
nsTB, the apSB, and the transepts, which were afterwards added ao 
aite form aOieek cross, are Ul very short. The strange appeartnce of 
the pile la heightened by four balustrades which run ronnd the ont- 
side of the dome, on* above the other. On aitbet side of tbe main 
entrance Is an octagonal turret, in open etone-work; and the portal 
IttBlf Is lavishly ornamented with scnlptnres, representing the Angel 
of tbe Resurrection, the Eternal Father, £cce Homo, SI. Louis beneath 
tbe oak-tree at Vincennes, tbe Apostles (on the door), etc. 

IliB Ihtiiiub ii BveD more eorBesns tbiD the eiteriDr, aai producct 
(he effect of being oTer-loadod. Tho Brn objects lo attract attention in the 

In tbe Ifan, lo the right, Chrlit In OeUuemans and 81. Arnold wuhing 
(he feet of plIgTioiii lo tbe left, Ciuciriiion and 3t. Adelaide giiing aim*, 
after laririire: in tbe Traiitpti, Twel.e sainlB, after Itigi-n: In tho cu- 
pola, Deacent of the H0I7 QboSl, Ifter Larirltrt. Manj of tbo icniplurel, 
which ire unfortunitely difficult to aea, are fine; they include ituuea, 
lai-relUfa, and stalll. — The funeral monument! are arranged In the Aptt, 
to which steps deicenil behind tbe altsr. At the sides are marble stituea. 
by Pra^tr. ttroTs the tombs of the young Due de Pentbi^vre and D 

young Ptlneet e de MoDlpensler. Althetoor '■■-- — - '- '-- 

of Utiit PAUipfit (d. ISaO) and big conaort. . .. 

group of the deceaaed t>j Mtrcitr. To the right ia the 

«H itani. Duchess of Wurtemberg (d. 183»), with her < 

--= . -- ... - - efflgy, by L 
ttDB ui LUBAU^oj UE jbBdignaCloil, sculptored by herself; tL 
the Dati of Orlimt (d. 1S41|, with a atalue by L-nai, aft 
and of the DwAm t/Oriiam (Helena of HeclilaDhurg-Scb 
wllfa a alatue by Ciapu. To the left of the alUr rest tfrnt. A, 
la Philippe, with a stitiie by^. milil (ISTT), the L 

Dmhtti sf Orltani (d. laSl), foundress of the chapel, with 
yuuneerflarra, andlhB/ViiKMio/AiImwId. 1881), motber-iu-j.n u. mouu,; 

tbe slatnea here lie most nolowurthy are those of two yonthfoi Princsa 
tt Kontpensier, l.y IfUltl; and the charmiBg gronp by FranaiM, marking 
the graie of two children of the Comte de Piria. The IHiclieut iTJamali 
Id. ISBSi aUtue by Zsnofr) and the IHic !tA«malt <d. IHUT) are also interred 

nlUcant -Slaintd m«aeiri. repreaenting aeenes from the I'ife of St. Louia, 

Bcuton, and S. Flaaii-in. 'Most of the fiTB other •Slained Windo^i in the 
passages, lepresentiDg scenes from the Passion, were designed hj Lariwiiri. 
All the stajned glaaa uaed in the chapel was made at Siivreg. — The Urge 
crypt beneath the rotunda and the smaller one beneath the sanctuary con- 
tain other tombs and fuoeral urus. 

After the circuit of tbe promenades has been made and the 
views enjoyed, there Is little more to be seen at Dreui. In the square 
■t the end of the Grande Roe Is a bronze statue, by J. J. Alltsseur, 
of Aoirott, the dramatic poet (1609-60), who was born at Drenx. 

lo2 Rotllt 25. LAIOLE. From Parii 

A bruicli-ullvar nioi from Dreai IbrouEh Iht Tillcy of the Burg to 
(IT M.} MatnUnim, pusing (8i/i H.) ^i«enMi-IIi>l, near which It Cnubrmii, 
with lb« mini of A Romanejqqe ftbhey, 

PTom Dhdi la CAortru (Orl^ui) and to BuM ind Ksnu, lee p. N. 

Beyond (G6)/g H.) 5l-ff<rmain-5e-Jicmy the rdtw&y cnwies the 
Arvt, s tribotaty of the Knre, and traTeiBes a pastoral district, dotted 
with mannfactories. 60 M. Nonaneonrt, 67 H. TiUlirei, both on the 
A.rve; the latter haa a 16th cent, chnrch with elaborate vaulting. 

73 H. TernenU (Sot. dti Commtree), a toam with 4403 tnhab., 
was fortifled in the 12th cent, by Henry I. of England. The battle ot 
Verneull, fought in 1424 between the English ander the Duke of 
Bedford and thu French, reaolted In the defeat of the latter. The 
chnrcb of La MadtUine, > temaikable edifloe of the 11-lTth cent., 
has a lofty and elegant Gothlo "Tower o[1606-30, to the left of which 
is a poor porch, still bearing the ineciiption 'Temple de U BaUua'. 

Ihikkiob (recenUyrMlor»d). Ahoie the Gothic arctM of the ut* are 

art data from the ISth and 16lh ceot., while goniB et Ihe more modern 
works ueDolefforlhy. Choir-sUilB ot the 16th cent.; lolereating Iron pulpit. 

In the etreet to the left as we quit the chnrch ia a Houit of the 
ISthctnU, with a turret displaying a eheqnered pattern In stone, 
brick, and Bint. The Rue dn Canon leads thence to the church of 
St. LoMrenct (partly 16th cent.] and the Tour Qriie, an ancient keep 
65 ft. high (accessible to visitors). — The chnrch of Solre-Oamt 
(IS-ieth cent.) contains a number of interesting sculpturss, and 
haa also some good stained glass. — The Tour 8t. Jtan, dating 
partly from the 15th cent., balonga to a secularized church, 

The brasch-line ftom Evreui (p. 1S3) i> continued beroud Verneuil la 
(31 H.) Ifl Loapi, >i& (lO'/ilI.) LaFerU- ridame-Lamihrt and [IB H.} Saaatlni 

79 M. BouTth. The train now enters the Forest of LaigU, and 
beyond the two branch-railways mentioned below crosses the StiU. 

ST/s'M.l&iglti tBtt/ftt; Bdt.dt tAigle-d'Or; diiDaupMn),i.nla- 
dustrial l<iwn with B205 inbab., situated on the Risle, manufactnrea 
needles, pins, buckles, etc. The Gothic church of St. Martin, neu 
the railway, to the left, has a handsome tower (15th cent.). 

A branch runt from Laigle to (!<^ »} iforla^iu (p. 196), vi£ the FtrH 
du Prrclu and (lO'A K.) roxrMirM, — To CoikAw (Erreiii), see p. IBB. 

The railway continues to ascend the valley of the Risle, and 
crosses the river twice. — 97 M. Ste. Qauburgc. 

A bmneh-raiiwaj runa hence to (3t'/i H.) JferlafM (p. 196). vit (It K-) 
Sallfati- la -Trappt, 2'ls U. to the N.E. of which Is the monuterj of La 
Treppe op to Orimdt Trappt, in b wiid iitnslion near a pund Ctrappe*), 
but utherwl(ennlntero»ting. The monaMery, founded in ttie 12lh cent., wm 
moBl femous under theAbW de Banc^ {d. ITOOl, who introduced the role 
of strict tilence, hard work, and plain fare. Eipetled at the Kevalutlon, 

coneecnled. The RomancMne chapel wu added in ISSS. 

Branches from 81*. Qaubarge to Bmat and to Li Uanfl-MaasT, ase 
p. 158. 

104 M. Lt Mtrltrault, a great horse'breeding centre. Before 
reaching the station ot (107 M.) tlonant-U-Pin the train pssaes, on 
the right, St. Gtrmain-dt-ClairefmlUe, th« churoh of which (14- 

to OranvttU. AfiQENTAN. 25. Soalt. 1S3 

16th cent) containB some flue, tbongb mntllktsd, wood-eaxvlnf , and 
seTeral uitlqiie paintings upon panel. — 113 M. Bunion (boilet). 
Ballwair to Alenfon, ate., sM R. 26. 

From (115' /g H.) Almeniditi a diligence pllea to the Tillage of 
Afortr^e, Si/jH. totbeS., near wblch ue the Ch&teau d'O, a msgni- 
flcant ediflcB of the R«niiEsance, and the CA^f<au dt CUrai, of a 
Bomewhat later period. The railway now crosses the Ome. 

122 H. AigentMi (Bu/fct,' HCUl dei Troii-Maria, Rue de la 
ChaoBBfe; de I'Oatit, at the etation), the Qallic Argentodunum, is a 
town with 6290 Inhab., situated on the Omt. The •CSiMirft of St. 
Otrmain, reached by the Rue de la Chauss^e, dates from the late- 
Qothic and Renaisssace periods. The W. tower Is crowned by a 
Renaigsance dome, and the tower over the croBsing forms a Sne in- 
ternal lantern. The nave contains two galleries, with balustrades, 
and the transepts terminate in apses. The amhulab^ry Is In the 
Renaissance atyle. The vaulting, the choir'Ecieen, the altars in the 
choir and 3. transept, and the organ should be noticed. 

Near the chnrch, to the S., stands the HSiel de VilU, near which, 
to the right, are a mined donjon, and, to the left, (he old CSiSteaii 
(15th cent.), now used as the Palais de Juetice. In front of the last 
Is a small square, embellished vrith a monument in bononr of Miztrai 
(1610-83), the historian, Ch. Eudts d'Honay (1611-99), the surgeon, 
and Jtan Eudet (1601-80), founder of the Eodistes. To the right 
of the palais is Ibe old Gothic church of St. Sicolai; to the left is 
the promenade known as the Couri. 

The Rue du Griffon, diverging from the Rne de la Chaussee near 
St. Germain, leads to the other side of tbe town, where are situated 
the large round Tour Marguerite, with a peaked roof, a relic of the 
fortiflcationB, and the Gothic church of 5(. Martin, in which, however, 
the gallery and the balustrade beneath the windows ace in tbe Re- 
naissance style. 

Aigentan it alio a nlalinn on the railway from Cam (FaliUe) to Aim- 
(on and Lt Umi (iss R. !fl). — Ditieencr (o (16 H.) Carreufa (p. 138). 

The railway quits the valley of the Ome, after crossing the 
river. 128 M. Ecouchf, beyond which the monotonous plain melts 
into a pleasant and undulating country, with meadows and woods. 
Attractive and extensive view to the left — 140 M. Bilonie (Forte), 
s little town carrying on a trade in cattle and granite. 

3fi. SS, 2 tr. 2a, 1 fr. GOc). — ik. Ltalatl with an abbey-churcli' of lbs 
lith and leili csat.i S'/i M. La FtrU-llae4 (Olieval Hatr). a viUacs ittlli 
T77D inbab.. carrfing an fht. manufacture uf licking. — iHi/i K. Sacnolsc 
la-rOroe (araad Slltl, near Ibe aUtion , mitl dts Bairn : dtParU: it Bag- 

nelai PuuiM Biau-BUe), a hanile 

7**, a tributary of Out Mayenn 
uid two efaalfbeala Sprinffi^ nitb 

traetioni. — iS'/i M. C<iuttr!i4, lea p, m. '""'" """ "" """"^ "" "" 

148 M, Mfisei ia also seoed by tbe railway to Domfront (p^idO). 

184 Boule 36. VIBE. From ParU 

161 H. Tien (Buf^ft; HSUl del'Otitsl; dtrUidvtr$; du YUhx- 
Otint, at the lUtioo), ■ modem cotton- mftnnf acta ring town with 
13,680 iohab. The Chdttau, part ot which dates from the 16th cant., 
is now occnpied by the local aathorlties. 

Fieri is also a sUtlon on the raUirsT from Can to Latal (ue p. 190}. 

ibi M. Catigny-Ceriri ie sUo a Blatton an the Un« to Gaen 
(p. 190). — 1571/s M. Montseertt-Vatfy. 

A Clinch -railwii mss hence to [A H.) Tiachibnj (£•«> <i'Or). a Bmmll 
iodnaiidal lovn (1421 iohab.), ylti minufECtuTes of budiiBTe. it the 
b&ttle of TiDchetiTny In 1106 Henrr 1. ot Enelaod defeated ud ciptorsd 
hia elder brother Kobert Curthose, Daks of ^ormand;. 

1B4 M. Vitieoix. fine view to the right as ve approach Vire. 

168 M, Vlre (•Hfi(. 8l. Pierre, Boa du Calvados; Cheval Blanc, 
Hue aui FSvres, d«]. S'/a D. 3, pens. T'/a fr- Incl. wine), an old town 
with 6517 inhah., picturesquely Eitnated on a bill washed by the 
[iver of the same name, is an important woollen - man ufactnring 
centre and canies on trade In the granite qnarried In the neigh- 
bonihood. Mnch of the bine cloth used foi military uniforms In 
France Is made here. 

Tbe long Bne dn CalTados ascends to the right from the slattoD 
to the town. At the top ('/a M.) , in the Koe au^ Fitres (to the 
right), is the square Tour de VHorloge, with a Gothic gateway of 
the 13th cent., flanked by two roond crenelated towers. 

To the left, near the end of the Rue de la Saulrerie, rises the 
CItureit o/'Jfo(M-7)anie,aIargeHothic strncture of the l!2-16th cent., 
with double aleles and a central tower. Like most of the other build- 
ings of Tire, it is built of granite. 

In Ibe Inlcrior, to tbc left of liie choir, it ■ tagieFul Goihie door. Tie 
high-alur, in gill taronid, ia embclllahed with ataiueti (he altar in tbe K. 

IranMpl ivilb a Pietii .nd Ihe large cba|el 10 Ihe righl of llie aancluaryj 

alBo contiinft Ibe foot, CDCircled b; a faateful balmirade, and two inlercating 
puDtiogs. The polfCbrome pBinliag in tbe choir and two carved wooden 
pillara below Ihe organ are nolewortbj. 

The adjoining Place Natlon^e is embellished with a bust of 
OiinedolU (1769-1833), a native poet, and with a tfontnnmt (o 
1799, consisting of a colnmn with a statue of the Bepublic. 

The ruins of the Oi&teau, which is said (o have been fonnded 
by Charlemagne, are scanty, but they occupy a picturesque dtuattou 
on the hrow of a rocky peninsula, dominating the charming Talley of 
the Virt. 

■J Id lbs IMb cent, dwelt Ollrier Bauelln, tbe fdUer. to 

i-songi, which, knov 

I 'VkuieTlIls'. Tbe 
cloee of tbe letb a 
This part of the town, called tbe Talb^rei, possesses the hand- 
some modem Merman Church of St. Anni, with a central tower. 
Paintings and numerous statues adorn the choir and apse. 

The Grande Rue, leading hence to the upper town, passes through 

to GranvilU. GRANVILLE. SS. Souk. 185 

ttie Place de r&6tel-de-TlIle, In which rlae * bronze statD*, by 
Dsbay, of Coitel (1758-1832), another native poet or Tiie, >nd a 
creneUlsd Toair. — The HStil de VUU conlains a Library and a 
email Minie (San. & Thnrs. 2-4 ; on other days on application) 
. of paintings, coins, porcelain, carvings, antiqnitiee, cariositieB, etc 
— In the Public Gorrfen, behind the Hfitel de ViHe, is a marble 
ststae of ilarikal de Matignon (1625-97), ittribnted to Conetoa. 

A b»Rc)i-r^waT runs from Vlre to (3S>A M.) Mort^ii (ATranchu) Tit 
the Taller or tbe Vlre aod (IB U.) Sumdnal (Poile), a amall indutlrial 
ton. — Mortaln (Pollt) Is > pIclureequelyBilualed liule lonn, on a rucky 
emiBSBce risiog from OiaCatia. The Cliurelt it an iDteresling siample of 
the TraantioD style. The rocky TalUy of the Cubcb is ^ItractiiE, eapedally 
aboTS HortaiD, at (he PtUI Stminalre. the ancient Abbagt Blancht (12- 
lath cent,}. A good view la obtained from tbs Chaptllt SI. Michel, on a 
uefghbaariDg bill. From Morlain to Domfrml. see p. lUl. — The lice 
(jcoeeeda to tba W, via 06 U.) St. ffilatre-du-Earcovct (brsnch to FouEerBs, 
p. 206), and joins the line to Avranohei at (51 M.) JtontaubauH (p. ITO). 

Beyond Vire the railway to GranTUIe crosees the Vire. Tine view 
to the right. 174 M. St. Stver, lo the left, with an ibhey-chuich, 
part of which dates from the 13tb century. — 181 M. ViUediiu-lts- 
FotUi, a sma]] town on the Sienne, to the right, oi 
boUer-works. The church dates fcom the 15-16th ci 

We cross the pretty valley of the Airoa. On the left, the railway 
to Avranobes. — 195 H. Polligny {Bufftt; Hotels, near the station). 

Bailway from FolliEnT to Ouulsncti, FuBlorian (Hunt St. Hichel], etc., 
see p. l?e. 

Beyond(200M,) SJ.PtoicAera wedescend the valley of the Bo<j. 

206 M. GianTille. — BatoU. Quki. HGtiledHobditdbbTioii 
CoDEoBHES, to (he lower town, Dear the harbour, K. 3 B, B. I'/t. d«j. S, 
I>. 9'/i, yens. 10-12 fr.; QUND Hotel, at the beglnaing of the lower (own, 

- Cafi-Bnl 

40, costume fiO, peignoir 20, towel 10 c. — 
week 8, tortnigliUS, season SO (r.j family 

Granville, a small fortified seaport, with 11,667 inhab., at the 
mouth of the fiosq, is said to have been originally founded in 
the 12th century. The English foiUBed it in 1640 but lost it 
the following year. They bumed it in 1695 and bombarded It 
In 1808. It consists of two distinct parts, vii. the lower town, 
the larger half, betiveeo the station and the harbour, and the upper 
town, perched on a steep rock extending into the sea and surround- 
ed by the old fortifications. The street beginning at the station 
leads to the Couis Jonillle, whence the Rue Lecampion descendF, 
to the left, to the Harbour, which is freqnented by numBroua fish- 
ing-boats and a few coasting- vessels. A street diverging from the 
Court Jonville a little farther on leads lo the beach (p. 186). 

The upper town, reached directly from the harbour, is small but 
tommands a fine view from its unique posittoni The Gothic CAurcA 

186 Boute2S. OKAKVILLE. 

of Notre-Damc is partly Rominesqne, bnt wm enlMged *nd restored 
In the Gothic style in th« 16-16tlk centntleB. Tha interior is of 
irregnlu propoitioDS. A path to thoN^., ontslde the f ortiflMtionB, 
leads down to ths Beaoh, on the opposite Bids of the town from the 
hsrbonr. The path puses st the end tlirongh the 'TtanrMt aitx , 
Anglais', a narrow passage between two rocks, beyond which is the 
flno sandy heach with the Catino. The women of GranTille wear a 
pictoreeqae headdress of white linen. 

The imKll lea-bnlhing resort o{ SI. Pair (amn. 7G<.), wltli ineipCBjiTB 
bolel snd a good twaeh, but a far-nccdlng tide, llu abonl Vfi K. to tha 8. 

FnoM GBisiiiLK lo C.BOLLBS, B H. A dlMgeciM (!'/,, return V/t fr.) 
p'iea tvricc dailr (from ihe Beataorant Qumol, Rue Cl^muit-DeimaiHiii), 
giuslng SI, Pair (see above) and (G U.) JuUovHUi, a small batblng-place. — 
Carolia (HfltBeBil, pens. 8fr.i dea Bains) ii a vfllige on lbs ton ofa clilT, 
with a BOOd beach below |1 K. away). Omn. to Montvjron-Sirtllli (p. 178). 

FaoM GHiHviiLB 10 AvaiBCHiB. — a. By Bailway, M M., In l-H/j hr. 
(tares 3 fr. 80, 2 ft. &5, 1 tr. 70 e.), see pp. 186, ITS, — b. By the Coast 
Road, 20 K , omnibus once dally or oflsnei in (be season (fare 3 ft.; retani- 
[a» ft.), Tbe omnlbuB gnmelimei takes the ihorter (IB H.) bat leas 
picturesque route tU Sartilly. The eaast.road leads by the followinE 
Tillages and sei-bathing re.iDrU: 21^ H. SI. Fair (see ab[>ve)i M. JuUou- 
tlllt (seaaboTe)i T H. BtmUbmi Bm. 81. McM-da-Lttipi; 10 K. Owapimx; 
lOt/i H. SI, Jna-H-nmuu: etc. — SO V. AtrmcSa, sea p. 173. 

Fbov G^.(HTn.T.E TO MoHT St. Hichil. K^lwai to (36 M.) PofiloriQi 
(tares 6 fr. 25, 4fT.35, 2 ft. 7Ge.)i Ihenee to MonI St. Hlcbel, see p. 916; 
about i hrs. iu aU (relum-fares, incl. omnlbnl, a fr. 75, 7 fr. % c, 6 fr.). 
— Railway to (9Vi H.) Fsllli^i/, see p. ISG: (hence to XonI SI. Kichtt, see 

^.176,3313. — Id the season an omnibus piles direct from Ocsnvllle la 
m( ». iflAil (retiira-fare fl fr.). 
FKOa GusvaLa TO loan, 3S M. Steamer* ply from the Qtand Baa- 
9)n on Hon., Wed,, and Frld. (returning Tues.. I'hara., Sal.) in snnuBBf, 
aad twice weekly (Mgn. and Wed.) at other times, in S'/i brs. (fares 11 ft. 6, 
7 ft. SOc, return 17 fr, 10, 1) ft. 45 c), the hours of departure vary. 

be made vll Cactci-et (p, 169) or Tia St. Malo (comp, p. 221). — About 
71/1 H. onl the steamboat passes the lla Chatu^, a group ot B3 lileta 
lelongiag to France, all mere barren and uninhabited roclis except tbe 
Oromfc lie. which is remarlialjlB for its luiurlant Tegetotlou. aieim- 
boats ply from Granville to the Grande He every Sun. in summer (tetnm- 
rare 3 fr.), — 7trwf and the other Cliamil Iilandi, see Batdfkir'i artal 

). ITO. 

26. From Caen to le S&ns vi& Alenfon. Falalie. 

IMM. KaiLWAT lnS'A-&V>brs.(fareal8fr.80, 13 fr. 10, Str.ttie.). To 
Almtm, fl9 a., in a'/.-3«/. hn. (fares 12 fr, BB, S fr. M, D fr, 15 c.)i to 
ralaiu, SO'li M., in I'/i-a hrs. (fares D fr. 90, 3 fr. 95, S fr, 55 0.). 

Com, see p. 16 1. Our train foUows the Paris taUway to (18 M.) 
Mitidoa (p. 156), (hen turns to the S. and ascends the valley of 
the Dioti. — 1972 M, St. Flerre-tuT-Dioti, a small town to the 
left, possesses a Oothlc abbey-cbnrch with three fine towers, one of 
which is a relic of an earlier Norman boilding. 23 M. Vendenvrt- 
JoTt. 11 U, CouUboeKf is the junction of a line to (1 M.) Falaite 
■ (p. 187), where it joins a line to (18Vj M.) Btrjou (see p. 190). 

FaUiH {B6Ut de tiormwdie, Rue Aminl-Conrtiet, to tlie left 
of the main itreet; Grand Cerf, farther on, beyond the maiket- 
pUee], B town witb 7657 inb»b., is picturasquely sitaited on a rocky 
height, on the right bank of the Anit, h small affluent of the Dives. 

William the Conqueror w.s born here in 1027. His mgther wai (he 
dAughiei of a simple laimer of Falaise, whi> won the hesrl ol Robert thi 
MlSPlflcenl, >LSD callsd Bobert the Ilevil, aiith Duke of Nonnandy. Wil- 
Ham-s sncceMora, Ihe kings of BngUnd, remainea in more or less 
abla pOBSesiion of the town until 14CiO, when it wu Bntll; captured h; 
Cliules Vll. of France. Falaiie underwent one siege more In 1690, wlien 
it was occupied by ths LeagQera and retaken by Henri IV. 

The town liee to the right as ve approach from Coulihcenf; to 
the left is the sabnrb of Gailiray (p, 188). The Bne d'Argentan 
descends directly to the Place St. Qerraia and the river. The,CAureA 
of 8t Gtnaii la a Norman and Gothio edifleo, the mMt Dotewoitlff 
feature of which ie the flq£,{4(inD an, tower above the Iran sept. In 
the interior we notice the bosses of the choir and cliapell, the 
balnetrade ondei the windows of the choir, and the beaotifnl niche; 
In t he amljn latory. The Ch»rrh of the Trinity, reach'etmytSe street 
of that name on' the other 3I7e'onVe'T[ace St Oerraie, le a hand- 
lome Gothic structure, with a Renaissance W. front, coneiEting of 
an ancfeiiT Imngufar porch converted into a chapel. The choir 
poseesses a a]ie_arcaded balustrade like that at St, GBrvaie."^— It 
few paces farther on is an *Eii iiei lT^ti Statue of William tkt Con- 
fU<ror, in bronze, by Kochet, erected in l^f. IJoand'the bese are 
bronze figures of the first sii dukes of Normandy, Adjacent stands 
titHSleldeVilU, to the right of which passes the streetleading to the 
castle. We shoold, however, drst turn to the left to obtain a view 
of the eiterior. 

The Cinfj«_of F^jgp^ a picturesiyi^^Norinan rnin_ dating back 
to the lOlh cent., is finely situated on a rugged promontory Jutting 
out over fl)e"vall6y, opposite another rocky height named the Mont 
Mirat. During the middle ages it was a fortress of greut strength and 
Importance. The remains include the outer Encttntt, strengthened 
with round towers of the 13th cent and now enclosing the build' 
inga of a college; the Oonjon or Ktep, a massive Norman structure 
measuring 65 ft. in height and the same in breadtb ; and Talbot'i 
Tower, a round tower 130 ft. high, added by the English in the 
16th century. The interior of the donjon, which is shown by the 
conderge, contains Uttle of Interest The dungeon in which King 
John Lackland is said to have confined his nephew Arthur of Brittany 
Is also shown. The top (to which, however, visitors are now denied 
access^ commands ■ flue view, and it was hence, or from one of the 
windows, that Sobert the Devil is said to have first seen Arlette, the 
tanner's daughter (see above), washing linen in the sraaU stream at 

188 Route 36. S£ES. From Caen 

the foot of the castle lock. Talbot's Tover eoaiiiut two Taulted 
diambers. The breach through vhich Henri IV entered the csBtla 
is seen at the end of the disengaged part of the enceinte next tb« 
promenade. This part was formerly defended by a moat. 

Returning to the Place St. Gervaie, we now descend the main 
street to the Bridge, which affords a pictnresque view of the lowet 
town and the castle. 

At the suburb of Guitruf. beyond the railway, amuch-frequenled boru- 
taJr hia been held since Ibe 11th cent., laetlne ftum Aug. tMb to Aug. 2fith. 
The aoreh is mainly a Harman structure of the 11th century. Above the 
higb-altar Is a One eroup of the Aiiumptlon liy an unknowu sculptor, 

CoMTTMUATioH OF Raiiavat TO Lb Manb. The OrElstation beyond 
Coulibieuf is (29 H.) Fntnt-la-mre. Beyond (35 M.) Montahart 
the line to GraniUle (R. 35) diverges to the right. From (43, M.) 
Aigentan (p. 183) to (61 H.) fiurdon (p. 183) oar line coincides 
with that from GranTille to Paris, from which it diverges to the 
tight at the latter. To the left are seen tbe towere of Stfes. 

55 M. Siei ((^evai Blane), a town with 4165 inhab. and the 
seat of a bishop, is of ancient origin bnt has been repeatedly de- 
vastated and rebuilt. The main street leads in a straight Une from 
the station to tbe Place de la Cath^drale, which U embellisbed with 
« bronze statue of ConU (d. 1805), a local Eelebrily. 

The Cathedral (Notre-Dame), a pilgrimage-chnrch, is ihandeome 
Qothic edifice of the 13-14tbcentnriea. The W. front Is preceded by 
a porch with a flne iron grille and is flanked by towers (230 ft. 
high), the stone spires of which have been restored. 

Tbe lofir arches and beeutltul trlforium or ifae nave sie supported by 
round lolumus. The Iranaepts are llghled by good rO'e-wladons, and the 
If. >nn conlslns a Une lympmum and a mndem monninent. An Did well. 

The high-allar, wilh lis two tares, is adorned with bas-reliefs in bronu 
and marble, 'fhe adjaceni psDelllDg is embellisbed nith fuur Ane bas- 
reliefs of scenes from tbe life of tbe Virgin. 

Beyond Se'es the scenery improves. 61 '/a U. Vingl-B^iopi. 

68M. Alenjon (Grand Ctrf, R. 2'/5-6, ». 3'/s f'-. tncl. wine; 
de France, liotb Rue Sl Blaise; de la Qare), the chief town of the 
department of the Omt, with 17,270 inhab., is situated at the 
confluence of tlie Earthe and the Briante. It carries on eitensivs 
manufactures of woollen and linen cloth, and the famoos 'Point 
d'Alen;on' lace is still highly valued. 

Alen(un nu repealedly taken and relakeo in Iba irars with England 
and In Ibe time of Ihe Leatue, and It »as occupied by tbe Qermans in 
iffit ifler a sligbt iesi^tance. The dueby of Aleucun. created In tbe 11th 
cent., wu an apanage of the heusa i>f Valols. 

The Rue de la Gare, tbe Hue St. Blaise (containing the Prffec- 
ture; 17lh cent,], and the Grande Rue lead from the railway-station 
to the centre of the town. The church of Notre-Dame, in the 
Grande Rne, is a 1at«-Gothic building with a handsome triple 
porch flanked by graceful tonets. The pedlnient of tbe central 

lo U Mam. ALENgON. 28. Botrte. 189 

bs7 of the porch contains a group repiBsentlng the Transflgnratloii. 
The axtertor is idomftd wiQi bduBttiides. Tlie most notsvortby 
featarcB within are the Taulting, the stain ed-glasB windoire (^16-16th 
cent.), the RanaiGsanee organ-loft, and the canopied altar. 

The Rue anz Sietirs, farther on, to the right, leads to the Qrain 
MarWtl, a hnge ratnnda, and then to the Place d'Armee. Heie stand 
the Teinaina of (he old Castle, nov a prison, consisting mainly of the 
keep (14th cent.) and the gatevay, flanked with two towers. 

Adjacent is the R6ul dt VilU, a bnilding of the close 'of the 
18th cent., containing a small Muate (open on San. and holldaya, 
1-4, «nd on application on other days). 

BeMdea objecla of nMnndUatoirfimdndlng noioerous 'Diamanli d'ilen. 
' -• - imolir quarts -crfslals foand in Ihcnnighbouring granilo-ijuBrriea) 


■oisi: tfiO. Allar-pfece bj r; 

k CAampaifium, The Trinii 
" lerfrtn-eO. Oi 

: lia Umdm. Puil and Virginia) 

To the rfglif 60. Ointaull, Shipwreckedi 177. Oudrj-, SUll-Ufei 88. Bowlur, 
Leda; 1U9. Oiroux. Buiiei flgbting; 103. ViiBiir, Ve.j in llie bospltal al 
lonabrucki 9». Coarl. ObailotM OordaTl 166. Collin, Darlnii >nd Chios-, 

138. Ilalian Siiool, Holy FamUyi /. Lmm, Lann' quarril) 73. Ufriu, 
Vocation of St. Frsncia. - Qbxnde 8.I.I.I.; 1J8. TiyratlaU Wilering hUMBBi 
•1. Jimimil, HBTriage of Ibe Vi^in ^ U9. J. P. Asurnu, Duke of Enghien ; 

Uaumpiioni S5. Blin, I^diopei 111. Em. Adar^ 

Oajtlei lOB. Cimrf, MympbaodfaDni 12. fanlnfcUH.' Lo'l aod his daughleri; 
Laniytr. Anlomn in firlilanTi lOS. ROnrQ, Bearing of tlia Ccoh; 118. 
OaulMral, St Louie In the camp of Haniourah; iSi. CattrM, Landscape, 
12B. Cliar. Ltfiirt, Last Judgment. Laaiyer, Brston Inndacaiiei 60. Pala- 
mtdtt, Interinii 167. iamttr, Kocka at OtaniilUi SB. FrantaU. Snniel; 
a. la TttKlii, Holj Famllj, Aduralion of Lbe Mag) and Ibe abayhtidg, 

139. DaperluP), Animalii 38. I. ihiMon, ViBlicHio in Brillanji 6i. DvUh 
Bchotl, Jndl'h and Holoreneai Bl, SO. Clkm-din, S'ill-lira; 31. Jfnw. Ubrvo, 
CountesaorPollgnsc, ff. flomoM, Aaiumption (on copper); 19. R-mcA Seftrwl, 
Prancli, Dnkfl of Aloncon, brother of CharlM IX.i 8. /. Duvwtl, Si. Francii 
of Amriri. 

The Promtnade at the back of the H6tel de Yille affords a Tiew 
of the Church of St. Leonard, at the end of the Oiande Bae, an 
ediflee of the 15th cent., lately Testored. 

From AlencDD to Condi-tur-Butiu (for Charlree) and lo Dcmfi-ont, 
see p. 196. 

Beyond Alenton the Le Mans railway crosBes the Sartitt. 71 M 
Botirg-U-ltoi, with (be considerable temalne of a 12th cent, castle 
— 771/1 M. La iftilte-Couiomiier* , Junction of branch-lines to 
ri5Va H.) Mamtri (p. 197) and to (18 M.) SllU-lt-OuilUiume 
(p. 202). — The train continnes to foUow (be vdnding Ssrthe, to- 
crossing the rlTer. Sli/j M. Viooin- Beaumont. Vivoln, 7i H. to the 
left of the line, possesses a ralnad convent and an Interesting chuich 
of (be 13th century. — We again cross the Ssrtha. 97 M. NeuvUU. 
The train now crosses the Sarthe for (he last time and Joins the line 
ftom Rennes (R. 28). 

104 H. Le Mam, see p. 197. 

27, From Caen to Laval vii Domtront and Xayenna. 

B7 M. BuLwir In b-6tU hn. <Urei IT fr. TO, 11 ti. SS, T tr. '^ c). 
Td Dtm/raU, fi6 H., in 8-1 hn. (fnea 9 ri.Sfi, S fr. 76, 1 fr. 11> ii.)i to 
IfagHHU, 18 M., Id 1-6 hrt. {f»rea 14 (r. M, B fr. 66, B fr. 20 c ). 

CoCTi, see p. 164. Out train follows the Uhertoutg line (p. 166J 
for a sbort disUnce, but Boon diverges to the le/t from it md from 
tbe lines to CouiBeuUes (p. 176) and Aunay [Vtte; p. 184). It then 
sscenda the valley of the Orne, crossing that river saverst ttmeB and 
passing several small etadons. Beyond [26 M.) CUcy the train 
Grosses tlie Orne for the last time and passes from its valley Into that 
of the ffoireau by a tunnel upwards of 1 M. long. 28'/j M, Btrjou- 
Cahan ie the junction ot a line to (I81/2 M.) FaUsiie (p. 187), which 
also leads partly through the valleys of the Noireau and the Omt. 

The valley of the Nolreau, which we cross repeatedly, Is pleas- 
antly diverBlUed. Sl'/i M. Pont-Eramboarg. — 33 H. Condj-inr- 
JtoiMan (Lion d'Or), a manufacturing town with 6600 Inhah. and 
numerous spinning- factories, was the birthplace ot Dumont d Urville 
(1790-1^2), the distinguished navigator, to whom a bronze Uatae, 
by Motknecht, has been erected here. At (36 M.) CaUgny-Ctriii we 
Join the QranvillB line (p. 184). Beyond (41 M.) Flort (p. 184) we 
continue to follow the main line for some time in the direction of Paris, 
and then torn to the right. — 44 M. Mtsiei; this station 1b ni 

— We now descend the valley of the Yarenne, crossing the si 
several times. — As we near Domfront, we have a tine view of the 
town to the right. 

55 H. Bonfront (/fS(. Lanonatnr; du Commtret, both cen- 
trally situated), an ancient town with 4800 iuhab., is picturesquely 
situated on a hill rising steeply from tbe Varenne. Its position made 
it one of the chief fortresses of Normandy, and it was repeatedly 
besieged Id tbe Hundred Veus' War and in the religious contests 
of later date. Its military history begins in 1018 with its siege and 
capture by William the GonquenH, and ends in 1 o74, when Gabriel 
de Montgomery, tbe Scottish knight who accidentally killed Henri Tl 
in a tonmanent (1559) and afterwards became a Hnguenol leader, 
soDght refnge here but bad to yield to Marehat Matignon. 

It takes '/* ^^' ^ ascend from the station to the town by road, 
but pedestrians may follow short-cuts to tbe left Tbe smaU CburcA 
o/^oeM-i)am«-stH^['£au,atthebase of the hill, near the station, is 
a Norman edifice of the lltb centary. Tbe Caitlt (to the left, on 
the top of the rock) has been In ruins since tbe 16tb oeuL, and 
Itttie now remains of It except a plctnresqne conieT dominating the 
valley. Henry II. of England here received the papal nuncio sent 
to reconcile blM with Thomas Becket. Tbe ramparts have been con- 
verted Into a promenade, and command a beanttfnl view. A street 

leads bence to the modeni H6ttl dt VIIU >nd the Churth of Si. 
Jutlm. Behind these are lome remains of the Toisn Wolfs. 

From DDmrrODi to JI«(on, las p. IM. — A bnasb-ILiH tub* Io lbs 
W. from DomhttBl Io <16i/i ■.) J^o'lam (ji. 186). Thence tu ATrusliei, 
■ ee ^. l»t, 

69 M. Ambriitei, with a ruiaed cutis fauuded by Henry J. of 
EngUnd. We now reach the hanlis of the Mayennc, which we cross. 

78 M. Il»yenik9 iiOrand HSui ThommtTcl, K. 2i/s-3Va, D- 3 tr. ; 
QTimdgxtlUot, on the quay], an aacienl ctoth-manufacturmg towu 
with 10,125 inhab., Is situated on both banks of the Afaj/cnnc, here 
a wide and navigable strt^am. 

Tbe loidihip a! Ua;eDiie was advanced to a mariiui^ale in favour ot 
Claude I,, Duke ot Guise, and In lj:S ilvrai oieal.d a duchy and peerage 
for CharlEi af LornJue. wt.o ittled bluselt beaeetortb Due de Uayenae. 
le middle aiea 
, io liJi. 

On quitting tbe lailway-station, we turn first to the right and 
then to the left, and descend the Rue St. Martin to the Mayenne, 
where we obtain a fine view ot the town proper on the opposite 
bank, with Notre-Dame and the castle in the foreground. The news 
up and down stream are also fine. 

The Church af Notrt-Damt (12th cent.) was in great part skil- 
fully rebuilt in the original style in 18I)8-T2. In front la a statue 
of Joan o/4ri:(1896). Ibt Cattle, reached by the streets (o the left 
beyond tbe bridge, is now a prison, hut part of its enclosure has 
been converted into a public promenade. 

Behind the B8teL dc Vilte, at the upper end of the main street 
beginning at tbe bridge', is a broiiie statue of Cardinal Jean de Oic- 
verui (1763-1^36), Bishop of Boston (U. S. A.] and UonUuhan and 
Archbishop of Bordeaux, wbo was a native of Mayenne. The statue 
itself and tbe hronie reliefs on tbe pedestal are by David d'Angeis. 

B»Dch-iallwayB lun ttota lla;enne to (29 U.) Prtm-PaU (AleocoDi 
p. 196) and to 00lf.)£a8iIJf«-Zwlr^(Foui»rei|p. WC). The latter pua« 
<l»Vi HO ^f^'*! an iadualrial lown ot 900U Inbab., with a ilne chateau of 
tbe 16tb cenlurr. — JdMalni (p. 203) Ilea about 7 M. Io the S.E. ot Uayenoe. 

Farther on we cross a viaduct 78 ft. high. — Bi'/i H. CornmtT; 
SA'lt M. Martlgne-Ftrdimid. At (91 U.) La CIuifeiU-AnthinaUe we 
join the line from Paris via Le Mans (R. 28). S^V^ H. Louotmi. 

97 H. Laval, see p. 202. 

28. From Paris to Bennes. 

233 H. RiiLWAi (OitniU d( Ftr dt COvat). (toot the Oare Hunt- 

I. From F&rii to Chartrea. 

50 U. aiawti la ti/<-2V> hi), (fares 9 Fr. SO, fl It. B5, t fr. 36 c. 

frum the Oare HontpamaHe of tbe Qare SI. Ltsare (lee above). Ocm; 

192 BouU S8. BAHBODILLBT. Front Pari* 

Fron Paris to [14 M.) St. Cyr, aee p. 181. Farther on, the lioe 
to Cherbourg diverges to the right, aad tre psss, on the same aide, 
the roit of St. Cyr. ~ IT'/; M. Trappei. About 3 H. to tha S.8.E. 
lie the remaios of the ancient Abhaye de Port-Royal, a favouTlte 
letreat, fiom 1626 to 1656, of men of learning and teligion, aroaad 
vhom clustered some of the most llluetrious yonnger men of the 
day, such aa Pascal and Racine. The attachment of the society to 
Jansenism led to its dispersion and to the destruction of the con- 
vent. — 201/2 M. LaVerrlirt; 24 M. Let Bjjord-fa-Boi ; 25 M. Lt 
PcTTOy. We traverse a smatl wood. 

30 M. Hi^boaJUBt (Lion i'Or, Croix Blanche, Bue Nationale, 
near the c^£t~au), T tovn with 6176 inhab., known for its old 
ehileau, «here Francis 1. died tn 1547. The chateau afterwards 
belonged to Charles d'Angennes, husband of the celebrated Harquise 
de RambouiUet (d. 1665], and was acquired for the crown bjr 
Louie XVI. Charles X. signed hie abdication here In 1630. 

The street to the left aa we qoit the station leads t« (b min.] 
the Place de la Foire, whence we may enter the SmaU Park (see 

The Chateau or Palais National, reached by the Rae Nationale 
and the avenues in the park beyond the ornamental water, consists 
of a number of incongruoas buildings, surrounding an old cienelated 
tower. Neitber exterior nor interior is of any special Interest. 

The great attraction of Rambouillet is the *P(irit _of^the chiteau, 
which surpasses the gardens of Vnre al[^^^ j^ jj^ f I r>|^''T'a r^m y ," g ji jj^Milf "' 
baaytj^ aiflrcoritStii maiiy charming and secluded waits. In front 
of the chateau is a Parterre, adjoined by the Small Park. The sheet 
of water in the latter is diversified by several Islets (boat 60 c. per 
he. for each pers.). To the right beyond this lalie Is the Pare An- 
glais, which we reach most directly by skirting the left margin of 
the lake and passing through a magniflcent avenae of Louisiana 
cypresses, said to be nnique in Europe. The English Park contains 
streams of water, a chalet, and a hermitage. To the right of this 
park, to the N.W. of the lake, is a Dairy constructed by Louis XVI,, 
with a temple and an artiUcial grotto. Beyond, at the top of the 
avenue, is a Farm, where Napoleon I. kept the first merino sheep 
broQght from Spain to France. To the right, iMtween the. Pare 
Anglais and the N. part of the town, lies the Qreat Park, which 
covers 3000 acres and contains numerous avenues of noble trees, — 
To the N. of the town eitenda the Forest of KanibooiUet. 

At (33 M.) Epemon, a small and ancient town, to the right, an 
obelisk has been erected to tta defenders In 1870. 

43 M. Maintan on (8t. Pierre ; de la Oare), a smaU town on the 
Eare, to tLe rlgbt of the railway, possesses a handsome chateau of 
the IG-lTth cent., from which Fran(oise d'Anbign*, widow of the 
poet Scarron, took the title of Marqtdse de Maintenon on her mar- 
riage to Louis XIV. in 1684, at the age of forty-nine. To the right. 



to limna. GHARTRES. S8. Routt. 193 

beyond tbs st&tlOTi, are the rains of tbe bags Aqarditi^ began I17 
Louis XIT. to condact (be waters of the Eun to bis gardens at Var- 
sailles. Upwards of 30,000 men, chiefly goldters, were employed on 
this work from 1684 to 1688, but it was then diecontinned owing to 
the great mortality among the labourers. Louis XV. used part of 
the materials to construct a cbitean for Mme. de Pompadour, wbicb, 
however, has disappeared. — Branch-lines hence to Drtux (see 
p. 180) and to Auntau {p. 266). 

Beyond Maintenon the train crosses the Talley of the Voite by 
a lofty viaduct and ascends the vaUey of the Eure. 4S'/2 M. Jovy; 
51 M. La Vitlette-St-Prtsi. The train crossel the Euro, and the 
spires of Chsrtres now come into sight on the left. 

66 M, Charttei. - Hotsl.. Or«sd lIoNiB.)D«, E. 8'/rB'/«, B. IVt, 
li'J. S-Si/i, ». IS'h. pem. 10-ia, nmn, I/, fr.i n. Fbahoe, K. 3-7, B. 1, 
d«j. a, D.Si/,rr,t Uoc D> Chartres, well ipohen of) kll In lh« PItco d« 
Epari(Pl.b,c, ai A, 4,fi); de i'Oseit, nrar the itatton, d^. 2'^. D. S fr. 

Oaf«. In the Place deaEpars^ Boul. Cbagles SO; and n^ar tbe nilwaT 
•tatlon. — flufU at the itadon. — BtHatrani-Panmrit E. Vaielle, Kue de 
Cbangs 16, near lbs cathedral. 

flaba. Per drl>a •;„ per hr. i'h fr. 

P«at«JidT»l«gr«phOtao«(Pl.B,l), Bue dfs Changes, near the caUiedral. 

Chartrei, the capital of the department of £W<-el-Lolr, witb 
23,431 inhab., on the left bank of the Eure, is one of the most 
important corn'markats in France, and is noted also for its 'paths'. 
Most of the streets are narrow, steep, and tortuous. 

Cbartrel, the JiKrtswn of the CamulBS (whence Charlrw), l» aald to 
have been fouDded aboni flOO B C, i.iid waa the centre of e>rl; Qalllc 

Chartres plar an Important pari i^n the h 

ielory of llie eradnal 

ment nf the French monarchy. The citj 

Ihe Norman, Burpindlan, and reliEdoni irai 

ra. Henri'lV. Jf" a^ 

ibarlres was occupif 

Oermaat In IRTU. and formed a nsetii) ;>c» 

M d-<.pp«i in their ■ 

againat the Army ot the Loire. II [tTea in 

, name to a dnchy, 1 

Itei ts an apanage of the Orleina ramily. 

lO '» daf It Chartres- and to the inspiralin 


'Silent and gray aa fnreeHc 

agoered elilT 

. 'Left inland hytho^Ooean'- 

«lo- retreat- - 

(0 hiiiiaelf to Identify llie 'poa-greeu Inn' al 


, 'The Siory of Chari 

1- (Lon- 

The **GiSMBiUJi°X NoT«fcJjAMB(Pl. B, 3), one of the grandest 
Gothic edifices In Prance, is dedicated to the Vtr)rin, and tradition 
aTera that it is bnilt abOTe a grotto where the Druids celebrated the 
worship of a 'maiden who should bear a child'. The oldest part of 
the building is the crypt, a relic of an earlier ehurch destroyed by 
are 111 the 11th century. The rebuilding of the cathedral was under- 
taken about 1120, amid great popular enthasiasm, the devout 
peasants yoking theraselves to carta and dragging materials for the 
towers; but a great part of the church was again destroyed by Are 

BaRDima Korlhem France. I.I1 Edit. 13 

194 Route S8. CHARTRE8. Prom PatU 

in 1194, and the cathedrttl in its present form probaUy dates mainly 
from tlie Hist half of the 13th century. The principal tower vas 
almost wholly reliailt in 1507-14. Ita vast dimensioni, the hugs 
blocks of stone employed in its conetmction, the simplicity of its 
design, and the grandeur of its conception combine to invest this 
cathedral wltli an air of the moBt impressive dignity. 

The largo ♦JT. Facade, which Is somewhat soTere in generaJ 
aspect, is plercecl by three doorways lavishly adorned with scolp' 
tures, representing scenes in the life of Jesae Christ, with statues 
ajid statuettes of Prophets, the Elders of the Apocalypse, and other 
Biblical characters. Above the doors are three pointed windows, 
surmounted by a handsome rose-window, above which again runs 
an arcade with sixteen large statues. Over the arcade rises a gable, 
containing a flgorB of the Virgin between two angels and bearing 
on its apex a figure of the Saviour. The tower nart of this facade 
dates from the 12th. the rose-windojr frqm the mh, and the higher 
partrnsto- tBI'13-llth centuries. The statues fn the doorways are 
stiff and "Byzantine In type,' vrith Sat faces, short arms, elongated 
bodies, and ungraceful drapery; but they are, nevertheless, • 
distinct advance on anything previously achieved, and mark an 
epoch in the history of art. The facade is flanked by two fine 
*Taiven, rising to a height of 350 ft. and 375 ft. The older of the 
twoTTo the 8., beautifnl as it is| is thrown into the shade by the 
richly adorned spire added to the N. tower in 1506-14, which is 
described by Fergnsaon ('History of Atchlteclure') as the most 
beautifully designed spire on the continent of Europe, surpassing 
those at Strassburg, Vienna, and Antwerp in elegance of outline 
and appropriateness of design. 

The 'Sidt Forlals, which are much more elaborately decorated 
than those lii tm~W. ?ronl, date from the 13th cent, and are preceded 
by porches 5f .the l i(h canlnrv. The sculptures on the N. portal 
represent scenes fromjh^jjfjjjf the Vi^in, anttffi os'e ontBe 'STth e 
LaEt_Judgjaept. The nobis style of thelarge statues, tbe wonderful 
expressiveness of the statnettes, the variety and life of the bas- 
reliefs, and the finish of tbe mouldings combine to range these 
portals among the most splendid examples of monumental sculp- 
ture. There are two towers flanking each of the side-portals and 
one on each side of the beginning of the apse, but none of them 
have been carried above the springing of the roof. — The CSiapelle 
St. Piat (16th cent.], adjoining the chevet to the right, is entered 
from within the cathedral by a. staircase. To the left of tbe chevet 
is the Biihop's Palact (17th cent.). 

Tbe •lBt«TioT pioiueea a do leas ImpoelDg affect thui tb« eiterioF 

of lis deiaila. U Is m !t. long,_lUO ft. wide across the d&yb, fsO ft. 
chleHy from the 13th' cent., pertisps the flntit beiiiB Hal in the three wheel 

on It GorrappDnding lo the bflUd o( k rosary. Each arm of th« tranBept 
baa an ^1e and la embolUibcd witli a rich wheel-window aboTa a raw 
of ilngle-llght pointed windoira. 

Tbe Chair and Apit are aurronndsd by a doobls ambnlatorj, and (ha 
latter )i adjoined by aeven chapelt. The 'Vail tacloting tkt Clittr it 
adorned nith eiqniiU* acnlpinrei fUhe polnt-lacs In Itone'), beeim br 
Jean Teller (architect of the N. aplre} about ISU and not finally com- 
pleted tin two centuriea later. iA IhB b«dnning of the 8,.cbolr-aisle ia 
a Madonna (tbe 'Vierge du PUierTorthe IBlb or Ifltb cent,, wMcb ia an 
object or great Teneratlon. Id tbe Treaanry is ihown tbe Vtil of Ha 
Ytrjia Mars, aald to bave been preaanled to Obarlemagna by lbs Bm- 

Tbe large Ortpt, below the cboir, oontaina tome mediocre mural 
painUnga, and llor little intanM lo the ordinary traveller. It la readied 
by a a^bl or itepa adjoining the N. portal. II la open before 9 a.m., bnt 
after that boor Iboae who wish to see It apply ' at ' O n M MaoK itt Oeru, 
to the 8, of the choir. 

At tbe eor nor , of tl^e Rne des diangea, to the S. of the cathedral, 
is the poEt-offlcB in a fine, j j{/j "^1. Hoiue (PL B, 4), and in the 
Pla ce de la Pota aoiitterle. reaehad thenoe by the eoeond street on the 
left, is a Hoiae^ihe ISth Ceatury. From this point we may follow 
tha Rne St-'Eman C^'-C, K^) «nd the Koe_du Bootg (PI. C, 4) to 
the ParttlJuiUaume (P^Pj 4), on intorosiing relic of tha medi^Tal 
fortiflcaConTof the town. Crossing the moat hero and following the 
bouleyard to the right as far as the first bridge (PI. D, 4), we then 
ascend to the church of Si. Piem f Pl C. D. 61, a fine edifice of the 
il-13th oenturiesniie agsTJarjhajel oontaina twelve SDleOddijl-Ur 
moges *Eniimfls, by Leonard Umosla (1517), eacT 2 It. Iiigh and 
11 in. wi<ie, ^iDught-ftom tbe Cb&te>Dd'Anel(p.69) and represent- 
ing the ApostloB (b6U_roi^die_iastpjii4nonthe left). 

The Rue St. Pierre leads hencetoTBS'W, , paasiag near tha 
Churdx af St. Mgn att fPl, C, 4), a building of the IR flf , <fich , and 
17th eantnrios. A little to the S.W. stands the HSfsJ. de^^ynie 
(Pl.B, C, 6), of Hie I7th ,cent., containing a small Mtiaie with a few 
good paintings anoother works of art (open on Sun. & Thuts., 12-4, 
and shown on application on other days 11-4). 

Proceeding towarda the W. from the H6tel de Ville, we reach 
the eipansion of the boulevards called the Plact dei Epari (PL A, 6), 
in tbe centre of which rises a bronze statue, by Pr^snlt, of Otntral 
Marceau (1769-96), a native of Charttes. 

The finest part of tbe boulevards is the BuUt dts Chatbonnien 
(PL A, B, 2, 3), on the N.W, side of the town. To tha right, at 
this point, are some remains of the old city-walls. 

A Sleam-lrainway runs from CharlrfS to (W/s M.) Bonntval |p. 2871 io 
i'/^hr., and to (4 «.) «vs. in 50 ,0100168. 

mns from'^b™^s 1^(18 m'!) Z'Jok |n?S68|,' '" '*' 

Froii CHARTBua TO SiLHUB, iSS M., railway In (Vh-8Vi hrs, (farea 
19 fr. 30, U tr. 95, 9 fr, TB c). The line at flMt traversea tbe qninleresling 

plain of tbe B^aiu:e »nd crosso* the Etirt. — 16'/i It. Itlirri, a amaU town 
OB (be Lmr. — 23 H. Brou (BMif ict Troii-Uariti). a amall lunn od the 
Oiaam, with imporlant matkela and a CAwcA of th« 13lh centuri. -' 
Bejona (32 B,) /rrou. the jnnclloB for Mogent-ls-Rotfou (aee p. IBT), we 
•ee the cbitun of Odunalafn (15th cent.) to the len and ctobi Uib i'trri 
br a large viaduct. — UK. CovrlaUiin-Sl-Filltrm (buffet) it the juDclion 
of a lloe to Orleans fwe p. 1961. The eountry now beeomes more lariBd. 
— Bejond (tTi/j H.) JtfondiiuAMiii, on the Ormni, wltb a ptclnreaqDe rolDed 
eaitle of the 10-lFilb cea(., the Irain deteenda the valler of Ibe Braiit, 
croaiiuB tbe stream geveral timei. From (53 H.) Sarot a lloe rnna lo 
m<k if.) Toara (p. STg) lia CAdlwraumtl and Vatarat (p. 366). From 
160 a.) Seui-!^T-Bra)t a imall indgalrial town, a Una dlTc^ca to St. 
Oalala end Connerr^ |aee p. 199). — 6B H. eoul-dfBraii (Hot. de la Oare) 
la the juncllon of (be lioe lo Vendome and Blols (p. 2W), iFaveriiae tbe 
pretty "alley of tbe Loir, which onr train also foUowa tor some time, 
Konaard, tbe poet (lSHi5), naa bom at the manor uf £a PoiuofiMirt 
(relict; visitors admitted), S'/i H. 10 the S. — To Ihe right are tbe cbateau 
of la FlolU llatb ceot.), two other cb^teani, and several grottoei, — 71 K. 
La Clmrlii, connected wltb Le Mans by a hleam-lramway (aee p. 301). 
HI H. ClntUau-iu-Loir (buffet; Grand Heiel),iBl8o on tbe railway from 
Le Hant to Tours (p. 201). We cow croii tbe l.olr and quit Ita valley, 
of which we obtain a fine view as we ascend. We Iben deaund into 
another beautiful valley. — fOil, K. Ceilcau-la- Valliiri, on tbe Fare, was 
the capital of a ducby which gave title to Udllc. ds la Valll^re (IGU-hlD), 
mistreis of Louis SIV. Ri^lway from Cbateau renauU (o Porl-Bonlet, aee 

n. From Cbartcei to L» Mam. 

78 H. Raii.w.1 in M'/. bn. (farei U fr., 9 fr. 85, G fr. 10 e.). 

The first station beyond Chaitrae is (61 '/i M. from Faria) St-Au- 
bin-Sl~LiiptTce. At (S6 M.) CourallU the line approaches Ihe Eurt, 
the course of which it now follows, qaitting the plains of La Beaace 
for the pastures of Lt Perehe, on which are reared the excellent 
draught-horses known as 'Perchecone'. 

About i H. to the 8. of Couivllle, on Ihe road to Uliers (aee above), 
is the extensive aud interei ting chateau of niMim, built In the 15lh cent. 
and reetored and altered aubeequenily. II aftarwardj came into ibe poa- 
aES9ion of Bally (p. 197), who died here in 1611. 

71 M. Pontgouin; 77 M. Ln Loupe (Cheue-DorO, the junction of 
branch-Iinee to (24 M.) Yenieull (p. 182) and to (27'/j M.) Btoo 
(see above). 84 M. Breli,»ce((fs. — 87'/.^ JI. Condi-nur-Huisnt 
(Lion d'Or). 

From Comb« to Albscom ano no-PBosi, (*!■/, M., railway in M'A hr* 
This line at first ascend) tbe valley of Ibe /Tolini, iraveraing a billy dir 
Iricl. — 18 M, MerlagB* (Orond Ccr/i Poil,; n France), an ancient bot 
decaying town wltb £»67 Inheb., possesses a cburch uf tbe ia-16th cent., 
Ibe tower of wbicb fell la Ig^D. It is an important horse. breeding centre, 
and is tbe junction of lines to Lalgle (p. 1^). Hamers rp. I9T|, §te. Gau- 
burge (p. m>, elc. — llVi M. Alen^on,' see p. 188. Line from gurdoi 
(Caen) lo Le Hans, see pp. IKS, 1 Sit, — From (5* M.) is ia<:!iJ« a diligence 
plies to (T/i M.) Carreuaa, with a curious chiteau (J5.nih cent,], contiin- 
Ine a I8tb ceni. (taircase, portraits, and lapestry. — The small town of 
(69 M.) Prttn-Pail is the junction of a line lo nS<h M.) Hayenno (p. IBIJ. 
70 a. Omumt, the junction for La Ferle Daet! and Brlouie (lee p. 188). 
7G H. Juritur-inm-Aadaifie. — 84>;i M. Dimfrojit, aee p. 190. 

to Benn«. MAMERS. S3. EouU. 197 

Onr line now crosBsa the Huimt, tba valley of ^ich It descends 
all the way to Le Hans. 

921/2 M. SoBsnt-Ie-Batroii (Buffit; mtet du CaupAin^ a town 
with 8514 inhab,, was the birthplace of Btmy-BelUau , the poet 
(ib'i&■^^), to whom a statne was erected here In 1397. The Cailit, 
of the ll-l&th cent., was once the property of Sully (1660-1641J, 
the powerful minister of Henri IV (camp. pp. 19B, 393). At the 
HSltl Dim is the handsome tomb of Sally, with marble statues of 
himself and hia wife, by Boudin (1612). The church of St. Hilaire 
dates from the 10th, ISth, and Ibth ceuturies. 

FiLOM Nooe:ii-lk-Eotboh to OEtBisa (p. 209), 73 M., railway in 
4Viliri., via aaa.lArrou (ne p. 19j)| Sax. Ccurlalain-Sl-Pllla-in : 39 H. 
a<tf«aiti>n(p. 267)) and (6m.) Palai (y. iO). 

i0b<l2 M. La FcrU-Bermrd (St Jean ; Chapeau- Rouge), a smaU 
town to the left, with a fine charch in the ttaositioa style from 
Qothic to Renaissance, with curioos galleries mi eUbOrate sculp- 
tures. The Hotel da Villa is established in one of the old town- 
gates (16th cent.). — 111 M. Seeaax. — 116 M. Comurri-BeiUd. 

A bnoch-Une tuDi hsnca to <_Si U.) Kwawm {BM. ^Etpagai; Cpi/m), 
a cloth-makiae lawn (6016 Inhab.). eonnecMd by r^way nllh Jfoi-fof"' 
(p. 196) and with La H«Ht ■ CsalmMa-i (p. ISn). — Connerre li ilgo 
the point of divergence of linei U> rdiH/i &.) Oorloloin (p. 196), and (o 
aa i.) Bt. Oalol* IJleul dl Frana), a imall t«wn (3627 inbab.) with a 
ruined caalle and an abbey-cHurcb of the U-lSth cenlurleg. The laat Is 
conaecled bj a ihorl branch-line wilh O'h MJ fluirf, on (be railway 
from Ghartiei to aaumur (p. <SB|. 

We again cross the Unisne. Beyond (120 M.) Pont-dt-Gmnei- 
Montfori and (122'/.2 U.) St, Mari'la-Briire the train passes through 
plantationa of pines. 126 M. Tvri-l'Evlqve. The nimea of these 
last stations are all known in connection with the important battle 
of Le Mans in 1871 (p. 198). On the Plateau d'Auooun, above 
TTr£-l'Eveque, are a column commemorating the battle and the 
tomb of Qeneral Gougeard (d. 1886), one of the French conimandeis, 
131 M. Le Mam. To the left diverges the line to Tours. Pontlieua 
is a station on the steam-tramway to La Ghartre (p. 201). 

Le lUni. — a»Ul>. Gsihd-HStel (BohU d-Or), S. 3-e, B. IVi, 
d^. 3, D. 3'/jfr.i -HBtbl do Dauphis, R. 3, B. I'/i, diSj. 3. D, 3Vj tr.i 
Di FB,m;E, B. 3'/r5, B. I'/i, doj. 3, D. SVi fr.; Siuiiuii, fc. 3-3, B. I, 
d^. 3'/i, D. 3fT. Incl. wine; all fonr Id the Place de la Bi^publlqae 

d^j.yiji^ IT.a ft. — Otiew in the Place te la Rtpubllque and Ihe Place ilea 
JacoblDi. — Keatannnti. Scya, Flaee de la Q^pubUqne; Baffil at the 

Cab with one hone li/t fr. per 'course', 1 fr. 80 e. per hr.-, at night 
Ifr. TSand afr. %i!.j with two horses 1 fr. CO, 2 fr. 36 c, 3 fr., 3fr. Wd 

KlaoCrie Tramways from Ihe Plaa ii la Rlpukliqm (PI. B, 3) t/> (be 
BbMM (PI. A, B, 5), to the Am da tfaUieU (PI. D, 1), to FunlUttu (PI. D, 6), 
to tlie Saipilal (PI. A, 1], elc. -, fare 10 c., ur IB c. wilh 'correspondance'. — 
Stoam rromiMff., see p. 201. 

Past and IsLefnLph Ofhoe <PI. B, 3), FUce d« la Rcpublique. 

198 Rotue 98. LE MANS. From Parli 

Lt MotM, tannerly the capital of Maine, andnov tbe chief place 
of the department of the SarVit, tbe beadqaartets of the IVth Army 
Corps, and tbe seat of abisbopgia an ancient town with 63,272 inbab,, 
sitnated on the Sailbe, chiefly on a height rising from the left banli. 
The Etaplfl commodities are grain and flax. 

Le MiLDi, Iba ancient capital ol the Aulerd-Cenomanl, Hfterwuds 
occupied and foiiiaed bj Ilia Komang, became under Charlemngne one of 
the mait impoilaut titifa in the kingdom of tbe Fiaokg, Tsken b; Wil- 
liam the CoDiiueror In the 11th cent., tt had aftemardB, like the tD«ns of 

It la aaid 'to have undeigiine upirards of tweolj sieges. Tbe Venden^^ 
were defeated here b; General Marceau (d ITSS; and IheTictorioiiI troops, 
in spile of Ibe effons of lome of tiieii ofBceis. maisscred man; thoDBUidi 

vomen'and cbildran. In ISTl tbe Oermane under Prince' Frederick (^arlei 
... ■ of t " 

tagenel line of Bnslisb kines. 

The Avetuie Tklm leads from the station to the FH f§d,iat and 
tbe chaich of Sotre'Damc-de-la-CotiiiiTe, in the centre of Uie town. 
In tbe Square dria fr^fecture is a bronze statne, by Filleiil, of 
Pierre Belon, a physician and botanist of the 16th century. 

Tbe church of Ilatn-JPaiae;_de-la.^Qt,uTe (i.e. 'de culturiDsi'i 
PI. 0, S), dating mainly from lli^i^UL^^.l^"'. <^f"''< ba^JjuJi:, 
front, flanked with two unfinished towers. The t^'ortal, yhich jp pre- 
ceded by a porch, isTavishly' adorned with sculptures representing 
tbe Last Judgment (tympanum), with statues of Apostles, and statu- 
ettes of saints (on the vaulling). 

iHtBEiQB. Tiie nave, »liich le in a "err primitive Gothic style, hai 

thai ut SI. Kauride at fibers fp. VTTT. *Tbe' choir, wtaicb i> aurrouadcd 

it being in Ihe Bomineaqne jlyie. Benealb It is a erypl, Tifi|n»js cap- 
tains IbeJollKWIni noteworlby piclurea (named from Tiehl to lefO: Sleep 
of ElijiB^j 'P^'di C^an^atgni! Emombment, bj- fl. Ziglieri; Abraham 
and the Aogela, by Balcuti Featt of PeDtecost, by Fan Tlmldrnt Cionn 
of Thomi, \j Barl.Manfl-eiH; El. Veronica, bJ £. Carr - ' "-- ' 


rJia n>lii onen inj off the aigl?s of tbe choir cDntain handsome marlite. altars 
andnT^TpieiM oFTbe lB|-~ -■ * ' ' ' 

e HDS^WO. vuirt. The Ladj Chapel to tbe ri^bf gf tbs j 
iieiililied with good modern Blaineff~|TSaJ, In (be sicri.^ty ii iirooryca 
the shrond of Gt.'S^rnuir, SI'abop ofYe Mani in tbe 6th cent., made of 
some Oriental fabric. 

The buildings of the Prifecture, which ion parallel with the 
church, contain the munidpal HnMum (open daily, except Mon., 
jl2-4j, We enter by the Iron gale and tbe doot opposite it. 

The a»t OiLLiBT entered conlaini ubjecis of natural historr, 27 icenei 
and portraita from Scacrun'a 'Rtiman Comique', by Coubm (of Le Mans; ca. 
1713-16), engrraiings, pollery, weapons, aculptures, Bgyplian antiquities, ele. 

Qallerr ti Ibe left: 6i. L. BDUfogM, Calypso; B2I. WttHom, Landecapei 
BB. J. BruniM,-Fiinirili M. Fan Balm, Holj Familyi 119, IN). Scliool o/ 
Fraack, Tbego'den age; 134. Broeiliiii!, Peaianlaqnarrelling. — Room at tbe 
end, a^oinlnglheflrst gallery. From Hghl to left: 9(e. nd«ntfiiJ,Norwegiia 
bride's loiletj ">t-f\ IVrru, Cbilst dolivared to the executioner; ±19. St^f- 
moiu, LandacasB; 16), B. OiMletiaiit, Asaumption; 311. ^mibwli, Tobiae and 



Bmn«>. LE HANS. .35. Boole, 199 

igsl ; TSi. Rtmbraadi. Hid witb > htt ; 311, Van Lno, Portislt l 33. Mbaal, 
KunijT: !U, SW. aOtool cf Primaliceio, Comte de TeM^ i,Dd h<a wife; 
Jatoam ArtUl, PDrlrill of Surron, the sntbor^ 1^. Uaritlai, Lind- 
The ilau-ouei. contsin bromeB. snUquiticB, cimeos, in»d. 
itc. jfroong Oieie is lie fninons •Esamtl of Oeoffrtv Flaa^y 

: tbeie is the fmnons •Enanul of Oeoffra/ Plantgaail 
(d. ilOl), « plsque of ChimpUvi ensmel, 3Tr."hiet aof T^; wide, ra- 
presentiDE QeaSttj, Count of Aajoa, fstber of Henry II. ol England (sec 
p. 198) nnA fonnder of the Pli>iitBg«i>et Koe. It originill; idomed his 

nima ofVe Dnkei of Burgundy; icuket of the 13lh cent.) ind^thTgrare- 

'Xth-^ir'J<^diiBuh), Copiei of Su'ben*'s Sibyls; 316, Oviry, Honods uj 
harei 68. Ph. Ac Gham^ium, Holy Familyi 138. L. David, PorlrMtsi 916. 
A. dtt Sarto, Purtriit of tbe Bitlsl; 92T. Domialchino, Lindscspe; 313. Van 
£oo,W»!hlng of Ihe feet. In tbe gluss-cisea are curiosities and wiirkJ of ml. 
Q ua WO E QaLEBm (from lighl to left). Numerous Bmall piotures by old 
IWlianTTlendsli. •toi Frentli mliste, including one by JVuuiio (i No. 30), 
one by FOippo Lippi (No. 19) and otie by OWrJowJaiD (? Ho. IT). Tben: 
%I. Pollembm-a. St. John in the wilderneas; 62. Le Braa, Christ In the 
Oarden of OUveai 151. A-oiH Phrit. Lut JudgmeDt; 3l7. S. Foiul, S>. 
VeroDlea; 218. Fata, Landiupe, 1^. KaV Rllcbeo; 33. Saroccit, Ba- 
tumhmenl; 262. PnirhK, Dnsliess o[ Gulsej iiB - FrancHla Eldtr. AionOoa 
ofthBMBil; ITSb. ^|;>fnaiH, Landteape; 302. rrrwrit?), Handolise-pUyari 
228. J.F.Itaiel, Laadgcape; 283, Santare, Hme. Pelletier dei Forts; 192. 
Kalf, atlll-life; 281. iiufdiil, LfLodgeape; ^b. :Srue;AiI, Loveioftbegodai 
161. OiricaiOi, Cblld's head; 46. Tm £I«e>ii«>, PeuaotB re.<tlng, 143, UL 
Fr. franco, Venui; 603, rrnferi, Tavein-gcene; JSl, Pctum, Child an akensd 
by Cupid; IM, Lartntiin, Porlrsit; no numbfr, la Hirt, Chriat in the 
Garden of Olives; Ul. Boy, Eicculion of a murderer; lOfi. CctutaUi, I*nd- 
scipe; IK. fi-on((K», The Seine alBougival; 112, 113. r — " ' ■■ 




cU and Henri 

Ill; 11 


IImv esters' 

«a. Tm 


rait o 

a youth I 81. 



183. S. do'j 

ardia (?) 

magi pirate 


La Bin, Irene 

ebodv of 


Sebaatian ; 


Bot, Children 

'-, m*" 

J^B, Tbeccai "217, 


ma VtcchiB 

ny; 811. Fa 




67. PA. di C'lampaioM 


n of thelUgt, 'IIW. 

Cbsp, Pnrtrai 

««, 189, 

Tem'ple" 190 

-191, la 


38. tf«e- 

no, Orpheu 

Korydice; 'Ua). . it™ 



Ga-mna. Beconci 

aHoB ofJaco 

Xon; m" 


i 63. LArw., Ho 

annah; 137. Y 

-i li!,rt, 

t. Sebasl 

an; 21[),260 

f. JWr- 



naiui; 110,11 

1. Ci™<l (?), Porlra 
Chrialo her; 296 

Siella, Infa 

.', Heads 

a di Bla, St. 

t Cbrlat 


red by angeli, - 

tural bitlory otijecls 


Tbe Prefecture also contains the Fvblic Library, open daily, 
11-4, ojoept on Sun., Wed., and holidays. Il containe 53,000 printed 
volaijLeB and 600 MSS. 

The Bonlevard Ken^-I.eTaBaeut lesds hence to the Flact dt 
la Rijmiiligue (PL B, 3), in which etands a 'WqrMonVP'AtU for 
IS71 (seep. 198). The statna of General Chauzy.'comniander of 
the Army ot the Loire, is hy Crauk; the flno groups of Attack and 
DfifeftCfl ate by Croisy. "' 

In this Place are the Bourse and the new Tribunal de Cominera 
and, farther on, the Crmt LBOn?inij (1898), the Pa(n(j dt Justict, 
and the Oturchjif the Viiitalion, two ISth cent, ■bu)lcIiii83,'beionging 
originally to'a convent'. — The Rue Gambetta, which descends from 

200 RovU S8. LE HANS. From AiHi 

this pojnt towBide th« Pont Oambetla, passes between the General 
Boapital (PLA,B, 3), an edifi ce of the ITth cent., with fh.p.l^ 
aJiS the Place dt i'Eperon (Pl.B", 3), where upwards of 5000Vend£ens 
were wounded oi slain in 1793 (comp. p. 198). 

The Bue Dumas (adjoiaing the Qcaud Hotel; PI. B, 3) and the 
foUowing stieetB (,Bue Maichande, etc.) lead from the Place de la 
lUpnblique to the Place des Jacobini iVl. C, 2) and the Thtatre, 
the latter constructed in .1^^ on the site of aQallo-Boman ampEi- 
theatrs. In the basgaiflBt is a small JKuseum of Hiitorkat flfon- 
ununla, open to the public oii'SncI., Vt-i, and shown on application 
on other days also (eotr. to the Tight). It contains autiquities and 

, mediiBval aud Renaissance objects of act, Inclading some ancient 
vases, pottery, fayence, enamels, funereal monaments, an ancient 
relief-plan of Uie town, and a colossal bust of General Nrfgrier, a 
native of Le Mans, slain at Paris in the iosuiiectioD of June, 1846. — 

- On the W. side of the Place is a TWhkI descending to the Sarthe 
(see p. 201). " " 

On the W. side of the Place des Jacobins rises the *Cathedr»t 
(PI. C, 1, 2), which is dedicated to St. Julian, the traditionlin^'unJet 
of Cenomanlan Christianity and the first Bishop of Le Maue 
(Sid cent). The building consists of two distinct parts, difTering 
widely from each othect the nave of the ll-12th cent., with some 
modifications in the TiaasitloITSrstyl^f an3"^he'cli(ilf and transept 
lebnilc on an ampler scale afte r 1217 , the one in the early-Qothie 
style, the other partly in tCnate- Gothic of the 16th century. In 
spite of this discrepancy, howoTer, the Cathedral of Le Uans ranks 
amo n^ the leading churches of France, and'TBU gflriWireffef t isl'tiBe 
nf^ynjtt. Mn Mll'iv T'he'W. portal^ 'Ratine from t£eTTtT"cenr,'^s 
severe aud simple, and is unrelieved by a tower. Between two 
buttresses to the right is a stone supposed to be a menhir. On the 
S. side of the nave is a ./;oltrjii.J'ortcii'in the Transition style of the 
12th cbdC, preceded by a creneUted porch, adorned with statues 
resembling those of the great {ortal of Chartres^Ca.tLedral (p. 194). 
The IcaiisepE terminates al tucS en^in'a tower, of which the base 
is Romanesque and the upper portions of the 16-16th centuries. 
The soaring apse, with its girdle of chapels, is one ol the most im- 
posing features of the exterior. 

each at TUB rwiTjSmi ia a liae enuuple ol its own aljle, The nave ii 
divldtil Into ttTelWrrrMfef T i mii ft mi Tcfl vaantfl-aTTEeaalei conslit uf 
ten bays, with gruiaed vaulllDg, The rlclil; ocnamenled capiUli aliu da- 
■erre allaDllon. The Iranaept, the vaulting of whlcb i> loCllar than that 
of the nave, hai an open tritoiiuui and a uagnincent roae-windowOI.armJ 

int.), bruugtit ID ilie calliedtal fi 

(o Soma. LE HANS. 28. Routt. 201 

iepl)v>te orgui-KrHii, In tlia BcnulMiuice etflei i &0I7 Sepulchre of 
1610, in lerruotU, painted and gilded (cbepel sdjuining tbe screen)) and 

the (laguanU or a rood-acreeD o[ leSO. In the ucristf are fire pieces of 
tapeslr? "* "{o ili-16th cenl. 

The Hitel^du Qrabatpitt, a Rr»na|faanfj( ^^■^ill^illg nppipiitn the 
catbedrU, was formerly the cbdods' hospitaL T]]g Kue des Clia- 
noines and the Gs^ete^Eue (PI. B, C, 1, 2), to the "SToTtEe c»tli- 
edraTi'MBO lon laln sejet al quaint Old hoasea. Mo. 11 Grande Rue is 
namedjhe House 0/ Queen Seraigaria, because it'TiccflJIes tliB site 
of a mabeioii said to haTO been occupied in the 13th cent, by the 
widow of Richard Cffiur-de-Lion (see above). It contnina a small 
att-muaeam (9-11 and 1-5; fee). 

CrosBing the elver by the FODtTseoii, we next reach the church 
of NtkbWtHtuuiJa.SLJuiUn'dn-^i (PL 6, 1), datiug mainly from 
the 11-l^ymit- 'I*! woU Uluetratiog the Romanes(iu.e style of thjt 
peti'odl The N. aisle contillB' I'lJas-relief of the 16th cent., re- 
presenting a proceESioD. The fffflpjiM nj-ft mndam 

About i/2 M. to the K of the Place des Jacobins is the Horli- 
euUurat Garden (PL D, 2), open on Sun. and Thnrs. and on Tues. 
when the band plays, and 10 strangers on other days on application. 

From La Hw>s to Angtri and to Xanitt, see B. Slat to A!enfe«, lee E. 36. 

Btkm Tuhwacs ('Tcamicaya ds la Sarihe) r^a between Le Uaoa and 
Iha follovlDg places. 1. Li Chistile <p. mj, SO'/i H., In Vj, Ins. (faces 
„, ....... .. „ - Mtp.iffT), J-ortuH^, " ■■ ' " - - - 

(2fr., l>/tfr.). viiAttonna, Tori-ii-I'oH!i, 
M., In »/,l •"' "- "• ■■ • ■' ■ 

to. _(2 f>. 86, ilr. 16 e.), TilOjyr^ Son*, etc. — 
sittoarln the 

1. lUHms (p. IRT), 3B U., and Li FibiB-Bibbako (p. ISTL ^ 1 
(Sfr. fiOarifr. eac. and 3 fr. 40 or 3 fr. S& o.). At (ffl H.) £a 

s aod La Fert€-Bernard lylcg respectivsiT ti 

Fboh Le Hans to Todus, 61 Vi M., rallvay Id 2Vi-3Vt hts. (fares 11 fr. 10. 
T fr. fiO, t (r. to e.J. This line at flrst cuincldei for a short distance vltb 
that to Paris, then luros to the S. and traverses the HaU«t. At C U.) 
Af^agi we quit the valla; of the Saithe. To the right aod left are several 
chaleauK. Wh M, Anbignd (Bvfftt) is the juDctloD uf a branch-line to 
(20Vi U.) La Fl^eho (p. 380), which pastes the small town of (7i/i H.) Lt 
Ludi, trilh its handsome chateau of the 1B-I7th cenluHes. 2611. Vaai. on 
the Loir. 31 U. OhHUaa-dM'Letr, also a sutloo Oh the line from Chartres 
to Saumnr (p. IW). We now cross the Loir and ascend the valley of the 
£sciilaji, U H, NeaUN-Ponl'Pitrrt, a small town 1 U. to the right, on 
the Chataaurananlt and Fort-Boulet Ihie (p. 269). About 2 U. to the W. 
of If^'h )■-) Bl. A'iliili}i-dti-Roclnr lies Stmblan^av, with the pictnregque 

railway ^u Paris to Tours vid Vendum'e (sea' p. 266). Beyond fA^h K.} 
FtHdaia-ai'Ctr wa cross the Loire and reach the Nantes railway (R. 31 b). 
— ei'/r H' Touri, see p. 719. 

m. From I« M»ns to Benae«. 

101 M. EiiiWit in 3-41/, bra. (fires 18 fr. te. 12 fr. 60, 8 fr, 10 c). 

On leaving Le Mans we cross the Sarthe and obtain a flue view 
of the town to the right. The Uiie to Angers (R. 31a) rntis to the 
left, and the line to Alenvon (R. 2B) diverges to the right, farther 

front; 146 M. ConUi; UO'/i 

1531/2 M. SilU-le-QniUaitme iH6L de Breiagnt, It. 1, d£j. 1: 

with a beautiful portal of tiie 13th eeut., and a large crfpt of the 
12tb. The castle was eeieial times taken hy tlie Engliab. 

A branch-railway runs heaee to CIS H.) La EittfCoutanMar, (p. 199", 
passing (14 M.) Frainar-im-Baiiilia {daalitr). a small town on a stesp, 
rocky hill, wilt a ruined casUe and a church In the Tranailional etjle. 

Another branch-line leads vii (I5'/j M.) Loui (Iramwaj to L« Mans, 
use p. SOI), and (20 H.) Brtlea to (327ill.) .safrfrf (p. ^}. 

168 M. Evron (Hdl. LemoitK, R. I'/i, dSj- "i'/a, D- 3 ff-), a small 
town (4039 inhab.) with an interesting church (ll-14th cent.). Part 
oftherichomamentatianof the interior refers to a miracle attriliuteil 
to Eome of the 'Milk of the Madonna', hrought from the Holy Land 
by a pilgrim, and now piesetTed in the chorch. The timber Market 
Buildings date from the 14th century. 

FromEcron an omnibDS rant to Inblaina (H6I. dt FOutH), a villate 
9 U. lo the N.W.. occupying the sile of the Roman Hiadmwn, of which 
considerable remains aUll eiist. The most noUble of these is the CamUum, 

are slaiidiDe up lo a helebt'of about IS ft. — The omnibus goes on to 
a «..) Mav^ni (p. 191). 

Another omnibus plies to ate. Sutanne (Lion d-Qr), tVt H. to (he 8. 
of Evron, wilb an ancient fortlBed wall and a ruined chlleau. 

180 M. La Clxapelit-Anlhenaise, the junction of a line to Caen 
Tia Flere, Domfront, and Mayenne (see R. 27). 

186Vz M. Laval. - Hotel.. H5t. de l-Oobst, R. S'/i-S'/j. dy. 3 
D. 3 fr., na P.eis, R, 3 3Vi, D. 8 fr. incl. wine; botl in the Rne de la 
Pall, — Cafi, in the Rue de la Pali and Place de rUotel de Vills, — 
B«ffil at the slalion. 

Catii 1 tr, per drive, it nighl 2 tr.; with Iwo horses S and 3 fr.; 
J iiggage 30 c. — Om«ilmi from Ihe station to Motre Dame IB c. 

LaviA, the capital of the department of the Mayatne and the 
seat of a bishop, is a town with cotton manufactories and 30,3613 
inhab., situated on the Mayenne. It was taken by Talbot in 1428, 
and changed hands several limes during the ware of the League and 
La Vendue. 

The Kue de la Gare, lo the right of the station, leads to the Rue 
de la Pail and the Font-^tuf, whence a Une view is obtained, on 
the left, of the cathedral and castle, the Pont-Vieui, eto., and, on 
the right, of the viaduct and pleasant promenades, ^eyond the 
bridge we reach the Place de rH6tei-de-Ville, embellished with a 
bronze statue, by David d' Angers, of Ambtaist Pari, styled the 
'Father of French Surgery', who was born near Laval about 1510. 

Thence the I!ae de l'H6tel-de-Ville leads to the left to the Cattle, 
which consists of two parts, the 'Old' and the 'New'. The Old Cattle, 
a sombre-looking ediSce, now a prison, Is seen to most advantage 
from the Rue du Val-de- Mayenne, near the river. Visitors are ad- 
mitted (on application at the Prefecture, Rue des Trols-Croil) to 

to ficwKi. TtTttS. ?8. Route. 203 

die coDTt, to the interesting donjon (12th cent.), and M th« cbapal 
(11th cent.). The Wcu CatlU dates partly trom the Benaiasaiice 
period and li now the cow-house. 

The Calheital \e an nnimposing and inegalac bnllding of the 
12th and 16th centmiee. The RomaDeeque W. poital ie modem; 
hut the S. portal, with its nnflnlshed tower, also Romaneeqae, and 
the Benais^anee N. portal are ancient The interior is more inteteet- 
ing than the exterior. The oldest part is the transept [12th cent.). 
The choir (16th cent.) ha^ flre radiating chapels. 

Behind the cathedral stands the Porle Beuchereett, one of the 
old town-gates, in the Gothic Etyle, Banked by two towers, — The 
Rne Marmorean descends hence to the Place de Hercj, in which are 
the GaliTic de Clnduitrit (18th cent.) and the attractiTe-looking 
Muitt del Beaux Arts (1891-96), containing a Email collection of 
paintings, by Flandrin, leahey, Lenepvea, Meissonier, etc. 

In the Place between (he cathedral and theli6tel-de-Ville stands 
the Jtfuieum, containing the public library and a small aichieological 
collectioa. — To the left, in the Roe JoinTille, is the church of 
Notre-Dame, a strncture of the i4-15th cent., coataluing several 
fine marble altars of the i7th century. 

BelowtbePontNeuf is thePonlCftui:, a Gothic structure of the 
14th cent., Va M. from which is the beautiful 12th cent, church of 
Notrt-Dame'dAvtmirei, with a spire of 1634. — In the Rne dn 
Pont-de-Hayeniie, beyond the bridge, rises the 15tb cent, church 
of SI. Vinirand, with a floe facade. 

From Laval a braneh-Une mna to f» B.) OomM-toii^t^crt (S>W^, 
Angers) p. 330), tii (i3Vi M.) Iftilas, wbence a visit ma; be paid to (he 
stalattlte cavea (adm. 1 fr.) of flouiffM JH6I. de la SroKe * MarBD'). — 

Laval (0 lCu»«Bn(, Bmflviil, FIcrt, and Cam, see B. 37. 

^ T ._.. „ BiTEKirB, Tl »., railwsj in 8'/s brs. <8fr.80, 6tr. 

. £rnti (p. (91). — »a^/l il. landivv. — iOVs »■ F-<vi- 
™, _ "-vsiMl, BBC p. IBl. 

!.!, SB M.,^ '»'iSH ',".*('■?'■'' ^JS:? ?J *_' 
I the Otuton 
Branch to Chemsi^, aee p. 232. — At (38 M.) Pinims4 a biani'h divereei 
ta Segr^ (p. 362). — 46 H. atteaoMani, lee p. 332. 

In leasing Laval the train crosses the valley of the Mayenne by 
a viaduct which affords a fine view of the town to the left. — Beyond 
(192 M.) Le Genesl we have a view to tte rij;ht of the interesting 
old Abbey of Clermont, founded in 1150 and now converted into a 
chateau. The abbey-church contains some magnificent monuments 
of the Sires de Laval, dating from the 14-15th centuries. 

209 MJilj4(Hfi!(i del VoyageuTi, HStel de Frimct, R. 2, D. 3 fr., 
both good and near the station), an ancient town with 10,776 inhab., 
is picture si^uely situated on the left bank of the Vilame. It still 
retains some portions of its foltiflcations, a ruined castle, and num- 
srouB qnaint mediaeval houses, and is in this respect one of the 
most interesting towns in France. Vitrj early embraced the Pro- 

24'/, B. Fr, 
(ahab.). - 

204 BovUSS. VITRft. FromPariM 

testani doetiinea, i>nd Ibe Hugaeoots gaecs«»fiillf defended them- 
Belves here sgiiDst the army of the League 1q 1639. 

On laaTing the ratlwaj-stBtion , wa nrg ceBd at flrst to thaleft 
and, beyonf one of t^e towers of the o|d fort iQ cations, turn to the 
right by the £i(f_C«a«driiiri(;, which pasees farther on "between tbe 
Bi(s d'Embai and the Ji^e Potitie. These stcests ice the most quaint 
and picturesque in the town, exhibiting a singoUr amy of old and 
Eombre-looking boaiea of timber or stone, with galleries, ecalptared 
ornamentation, balconies, and porches of the most varied descrip- 
tion. In eome cases the upper stories project over tbe foot-pave- 
ment so as to form covered arcades resembling those at Berne and 
not unlike the 'Rows' at Chester. 

In the Place du Ch^telet, to the left oF tbe Rae Beaudrairie, is 
the lemar^ans^ptrdnce-gatewa^of tbe Ca»tU, an imposing brown 
e.lidce, dating mainly from the 14-16tb centuries. Tbe present re- 
mains consist of the outer wall, strengthened with machlcholated 
,ti>wers, and of tbe massive donjon, or keep, restored in the 19th een- 
tiiry. Therlghtwinghas been converted into a prison, hnt vjaitqis ftffl 
admitted to tbe rest on application to the gate-keeper. The Public 
Mustiim and Library are established in the donjon-tower. The 
castle belonged to the Seigneurs de la Tr^moilie, whose motto ('post 
tenebras speio lucem'), above the gateway, is supposed to refer to 
their attachment to the Reformed faith. MaguAfiSjit view from 
the_t02r_ '~" 

The Ckurch of Notte-Dfini, in tbe upper part of the town, 
reached from tiiSfU-.e dii ChiteEet vii the Rue de Notre-Dame, is 
a handsome Gothic edifice of the l^;16th^nt., with a ''tni.ipiT*. 
recently rebuilt, above the crossing. On tbe outside, to the right, is 
a dne pnlpit'of tlie ifltli cent., 'bearing a symTToT o'fthe Tcinity,"tn 
' the form of a head with three faces. 

Thecbief treisareof the interior is the ^Triptjcli in Ihe .chsB.el to the 
rl^ht of the enlrMSfi-W .ll*a Cioir, dat1og"*fFlal^tl^"aai tonalsilnj o( 
thlf^TtvaTlmoKesenaniels deplclinj (neneJ from Ihe New TesUment. 
Amonelhe otlieruCTmiDf inlereit are tbe haly.'iv»ter >B9in9, Ibe auined- 
Rlai j wi ad^'Tj (all modeFo, eicept one of the Reaaissince period in (he 
8. aflTeT; knTtwo tonbt of Ihe ISth cent., ooe is the Lad; Chapel and 
one in the firil efaapel 1o the left. 

The Rue de Notre-Dame leads to the Place Marchti, with vatious 
public buildings, beyond which are the Boulevard da Mail (see 
below) and the PlaceJ*^(i HalU, which contaTns -'■''"■-T'irt*'""tqnn 
old housesj with Iean-to""roofs and outside siaTtcases. Here also 
ataiils a round tower, forming a relic of tlie old' fortifications. 

We "^n fTll-MY fhaflntifrT-frrfLftii Man, in order to view the town 
from its most Jtii'tiue^i^iie side, where the Rampart) are still In 
existence. Turning to the TeTt into tbe Proinemde du Val, we have a 
ane viep of the castle, a little beyond whii^b we regain the station. 
" About! H.'lo tbe9. ofVitr^, aDA2i/iH. lo Ibe H. uf Argenlri (p. 9D6). 
I] Ihe OhUeau del Kixhin, a mannioD of tbe IGth cent., where Kme. 
de Sevlgne frequently resided. Her portrait, bj Hifnaril, and varlom per- 

Lboui sVi a. to the Vf.V.W. of Vili^ i 

it the 16th cent, uid a ruined eli£lea< 

SON CKont Bt. Michel), i8 M., railwsj in 9-3i^hM. 

* •" - ■ — ■ ■ pMsea in rnJl view of (he 

iieOKlaela. — 13 U. Ohil^ 
lillon-ct- rtnildau. To ine leri la a Imui uke. 19'/i If- '^ "'"'-•'>■ 
i.uJfr«, the Junction of o brucb-line to Hayeons (p. 191). 

the lown'i dJf^fffoH, 'onpKlendins), * bnsj town ot 20,852 inhib., with 

yanfon. la itkll paiilf ancrounded by its ancient fortiAoalioafl and podseaseA 
B feudaicastlfi of treat extent and [mppHance. Both cbdtte and iowq were 
t*ken~Wire~eDintr^n IWan^ tT-nt»<>nd underwent ngmerous other 

We le ave t he aialion and the mudern quarter of the town bj ths 
avenne to^ET^ParSid ascend to ihe Place d'Armea. To Iba lefl i. the 
Place du Harchi, nilh au equeltrian statue of Qmeral it la BiluXiitn, a 
native. The Bue BfHier kadg Ihence lo the Bue nationals, In which are 
some old liouserres<fin:LlJA&J)taaa.UVitr^, and, fSttbcF oTI, (o the QkuL 

tos^WfaVotrr-— In the opposite direction Ihc Sue Rationale leads to a 
small square containing the Tbtatre. We descend to the right by the old 
Rue de la Finterle and the Bue de la Fonrchetle Oefl) to the Porit SI. 
Svlp' ce. an old t own-g M^ "*? tf flj'' cent.), aAjatliinE the nail of the'*S»R«. 
ir^^Dst p[«d^^ w"£^rvWeA from the outside, and oommanda 
a good view of the upper town. A Hllle farther'on is t h e C tauafl e/ 
a j. Snlpiji, of the 19-lSth cent., conlalnia« jonu waDd;carvlngof the ITlh 
in3"18lhT!rat., a fine nihprlum, and a kfad of altar-piece in granite (In a 

Another brineh-line runs from Vilr.^ to (25i/i M.) Marim-X-Ftril-aud 
(see p. 19i| for Chalesubriant and Naniea) vi& (1 M) •Irpenlr^, with a 
ehSlean of the 15ih cent., a'/s M- to the S. ot the Chilean des Eoohors 
(p. sot), and (IBV: H.) La Ovtrche-dt-BrtiagM (pop. 3136), wllh tn inlereat- 
ing collegialB church, pari of wliob dales from the 13th century. 

Beyond Vitr* our]ine deacaiids lh«Talley of the Vilaine, diverg- 
ing to the left from tbe line to Pontoreon (see above), and passiag 
Eeveral small Etations. — 232 M. Bmnes (Boffet). * 

Bsnnei. — HoteU. *H6t£l Modibnc (Fl. d ; A, B, 3), Quai Lsmen- 
nii8n,E.fronil,d^.3,D.lfr,-, Gbimd-Hot, Julliek 1^1. a, A, 3), Bue de 
la Honnale 17, B. S-6, B. I'/v dij, 3. D. t tr. ; HflTni. db Fbamcb (PI. b i 
B, 2), No. 8 in the same atreel, R. 4, B. 1'/,, Aij. 8, D. 1 fr, — Comtibebtal 
(Pl.e;B,3), Rue d'Orl^ang;DD Bodt-di-Uondii, Bue 8t. Michel (P].B,3), 
Di Bmhone, oppOBite the nulmy-alallon. B. 2-0, B. '/., d^j. 2, D- 2'/' tt. ; 
PaauISR, same place (D the right, a good second-class boHSCi Die Voi- 

DaJta. OrandCafi, Cafi ii Fnvia, Kue d'e la Honnale | ietaCmitSie, 
Cafi dlaei^idc, FUuri, Ht the theatre; de la Pali, at (he Palids du Com- 

iTOr, at 'the Lack of the theatre. — ' Cafi-Cmari de rAlcatar, BucJ.dn 
Cham^aoquet (PI. B, 3). ^ 

Oabi. Per course I'/t, per hr. f/t fr.; at night I'/i and V/tti- 

Ob ttouU 28, RENNES. Muieet. 

ElMbiaTnimmyB(Bllp&i)lngllicna«t{()a JTafria.- H. B,a). 1. From 
le Stalim (PI. D, 6) 10 Ihe Fai£oarg <U Fovgtrtt (PI. D, I). 2. Prom the 
HfXH <It la aoFi (PI. D, 4) 10 Ibe (HmeHtn du Sari (PI. B, 1). 3. Fiam 
L« .iu«H <fe la iottr-^Auvtrtnt (comp. PI. A, B) to the Octroi d> Parii 
omp. PI. D, 2). i. From tba JTai'l (PI. A, 3) to llie Grotx-Bt-BiUtr (comp. 
, T. 1, ^._.. ,r.. ^ ,_... ._ . .. .jMiirio, ir 

UNUL (Stud) ItMlvAn to (9) H.) 31. Aubia- 
t« (p. iOS) c ■■ — • ■" " 

11 ».} ^OB 


eveDinillj to (la M.) Biii a 
la (I8V2 a.) fUaimat vil I 
St. Milo (p, 2%). 

Foat ones (PI. B, S), At the Falali du Conunerce. 
Am«n»n Coniular Afant, jr. fmol FoUiaril. 
Bmna, the ancient esplttl of Sritfong, and now the chief town 
ol the depoJlmant of UU-tt'Vilamc, tbs headquarters of the 
Tenth Aimy Corps and the seat of an archbishop aud of a nni«ersity, 
is a town of 74,676 inhab., eitaated at the confluence of the canalized 
lUe and the Vilaine. 

,e Celtic tribes lohabiUne 
Ua, WM tormetl^ called Coi ' ' ■ - ■ - 

> ptvm of Bome importuce 

imB vhen the duoby pAssod .. 
BritUny, artt to OluriM VIII. i 

ned down In ITKI by s couOagratJoii thi 

plan- It has now lilEle induAtry of commerce, and iU apacioua modem 
■treets ere geoerallj doll, liteteos, and deierled. 

A well-bnilt Euadern quarter lies between the railway-station 
and the town proper on the left bank of the Vilaine. To the left of 
the Avenue de la Oare is the spacious Champ-de-Mari (PI. G, i), with 
the departmental War Monitment for 1870. At the foot of the 
A>enue stands the Lyceum (PI. C, 3), an impoelng structure in the 
style of the 17th century. It occupies the site of a Jesuit college, 
of which the only relic now left is the Egliet Touisaatt (Fl. 0, 3), 
a little behind the oniTeTsity. Farther on, on the quay, is the Palais 
UhioeriitaiTe, partly occupied by the *Hds^ (Pi. C, 3], which in~ 
eludes various icienCiflc collections and one of the flneet proTincial 
picture gallerig^ in France (open on Sun. & Thurs., from 12 to 4 or 5, 
on other days on application). The principal entrance faces the 
qday, but on the days when the museum ts not open to tbe public 
we enter by tbe bacb. 

Ground Floor. — Sculftubes, for tbe most purl modern, and in plaster. 
Fiom right to (he left: Bour^fort, OuillaumeBud^; B3. J. ffoHrdsl, <}ii1 with 
dog; U. £arr<, GrailBllB; 74. Quinfwi, Deaib of Diagoras of ObodeB; 11. 

monument of Lonia XIV. In Ihe Place dn Pa.\als (p. 20S1, repreaentlng France 
triumphant at aea and Brittany offeclni the design of Iba Itatue to tbe 
king; Aafi, Oambetta; 22. LanM, Leablai Koman iitacriplioBS, 26. Thtnuu, 
Tbougbt; 13. Da/HHij 'Onchel' tplayer; '37. Fltrenlmt Sdaol, Qirl careaaiog 
a greybonnd ; 106. LtofmUi, Fro Patri Mori. — Niunuons casts after woika 
by Barrlai, Fottvliri, St. Ifarceavx, etc. — In tbe midille and frnm rfgbt to - 
left: Barriai, Last funeral; Blaathard, Bathsheba; J'af^iiUrt, Woman and 
peacock; Long^lid, Imnortalityi PalgiiHn, Diana; 10. Boitttau, QbdIiu of 



ETilt 11' Oaplltr,nebBi Ptih, Quiia 

Oeoree Smd-, lt». HoUtei, Mifdalei.. . _-.-._.._ ... 

the willa, lo Iho right of Ihe enlrancO! Marcehilli, Cul« of BgorM 

the tomb of Mma. d« lo Blboisl^Te in Paris ; Barri , Hiry Magdnleo ; 18. 
J)o«w(,Mlpion; 88. Lanan, HosJ!; U. flonrf (TJi^K-i, PhUopcHoBn. — The 
gslwisi heyooi Ihii room conlnin Ihs NiirRsi, Hiaioai Cou.Eqiio»ii. 

Fint yloor. — Pictubes. The staircaie and Room 1 contain Bn^ratini/' 
and i>n]u>fncj, and alao aeieral paintings: 9S. Oudo Km!, Cu. id and Payche; 

Jfaj(«-, CecMT Borgia;' 319-21°. Ds 'Ttov, Poritaits. — Boom 11^ at' lie end, 
(0 Ihe left, conlalnii SCTeral modi^m French worka : 261. CI. Jacuand, Th« 
Count of Comlngea recogniting Adelaide; SSS. T. Abraham, landscape; 
878. If. Bet, The beggari' part. 

Booh HI. To the right; 801. Paia, Ijindgcape villi caina; ■i36, SSS. 
J, Cowlait, Lanaaeapea; HS. Safaicm, Seipiecei -84. De Oraj/ir, Balaing 
of the Ciou; !1. SioTdatio, Hartndom of 81. Lawieocs) Si. Bdioel tf 
Bauaai,, Circmncialon ; 251. FerHnmt (of ttennea) , PreBenlatlon of tte 
Virgin. — 291 (ealel), HoWAwjf, BBlling; S7i, ./ouHnd.Chrial In Ihe garden i 
IM-lBS. BchsdofTenitri: 117. apttricti, Laodteape; ii.Baitano, Penelope; 
105. Tan Saul, Noah'a Arii &. L. Carrarsi. St. PhlUpi lOt. Tan Sernl, 
Teirealrial paradleei 8fi. De O-arar, Raiaiog of LataruS; 36. Rica. St. Bar- 
bara; -iSi. if. CmiUlli, The Saviour appear! to Bt. Peler; -101. //mMord, 
Denial of St. Peler. — 1. ffwrino, Pleti; 112. aondnirC, Holy Family, with 
landacape. — 89. Van ilyc»(!), Holv Family; "ICB. Jordami. Crociflilonj 
IT. Girquaiii, Trait and flowers^ 81. Philip di Champaigni, Penitent Uag- 
dalen; 139. Hta4ni (T) and Snydiri, Lion and tiger hnnt; 'ID. Fotlo rtrtmut, 
Ferseui dellverjag Andromeda; 110. Lolh, Woman taken Id adultery; lU. 
Bclmart!, Cracianon; 181. Oirmay School, atlll-life; 19. ElitahiUa Aroni, 
Death of Ahel. 

Boom IV. No. 18&. P. JfoiiMrmon, Horae-fairi 39. PaUmi%c dt VHaizo, 
VlaloD of St. Anthony; 160. Jwuiaull, Landaeape. IS. Jan. CaiTaoel, Bepoaa 
in Egjpt; 137. Pourlai Ihl ¥ovn<ier, CJiarron, the author^ 293. tfonnoim-, 
Vaee and flowers; 296. £*jVafn. The new.hom child; 116. finr<in-i, Wounded 
Um, Landscape; Sli. Quanel, Portrait; •2S6. Ofoufa Ltr- 
, , !ia. Ben Bautoem, Children and hlrds; 231. Cuonora. 
destruction of^a bridge (three other palntlnes ofthle series farther on); 203, 

"' ' ■ ■■ ■ - - ■^■"— ■ ■■Sb.P.Nuff. 


1. "compel,'' 

Ih. di la Faui, Iphieenia; 111. «. can flufida'ICJ, landscape; iib. I 
.hcEldtr, lnterior;S7. BtmircmHia, Landscape with ciltlei SJ.P 
Landscape; 30B. Pauiiii, dulns of a triumphal arch; 3U2. PiM, L 

£neas. 21D. Jupiter and j'uno npon Ml.'ide-,' 
Lit; 168. ITpnanb, Landscape; 109. iMrman. Tmmpetei 

Ima, Ffte; 169 

er toilette; 163. Yachtl (?), Han 
I, TtititTi thi yoanffer, Tavern; 

mUiH, Landscape) 181, llylmi, ^...v, ....u. >>. ^^n..., ^ .~,^.„. 

397. Li Sain. Madonna, SI. Anne, the Holy <!MI(i, and aniels; •287. Juu 
Ooiutn (?), Jesui at Ihe marriage in Cana of Galilee, a Urge palming fron 
the cbnrch of 8t. C - - — - 

Landscape; 131. MtBrti uu j^iaer, xne pamt?r s son. — lol. ttttmtKerct 
(Vai Tti). 8t. Luke painting the Virgin. — Casts; Sevrea porcelain. 

Booh V. No. 331. FretiCh Schott, Ball at the conrt of the Valois; 21. 
bKoltUi, Landscape; 25, 26. Uailui, Stlil-Ufe; 325. CI. Vignim, Si. Calba- 
rine; 300. PoKJ, Ruina; 216, 217. CoUo/(!), 80. ' FaJcaf Bruiffftd landscapes ; 
no number, Srtioni, Orphens; 14. I. CarraeH, Martyrdom of Bt. Peter and 
of St. Paul; 276. Ubnai, Do cent from the Cross; 238. S. Gospil, Eesar- 
rection; 212. Daporla, Woif-hunl; '.O!. Ferdinand, Cruciliiion; 218. i. 
SimlDgni, The Woman with an Issue of blood; 39. Tiitirttto, Uaasacre of 
tlie Innocents; 298. JToIofrf, St, Stephen. '^Tl. 

Booh VI conlaina nolhtng of importanee. The door of the st^rtasq 
to the Sad floor opens here. 

Palab dr JuttUe. 

cuU of udeot eemi uid other preclaua 
and Tortoui olhei utiquUl«9. Tben are 
arl; ItalioD icbool, Including a triptych 
Kcribed to OiollD, uid a repreientatJon or Vcittli eitid to be panted by 
nine RtBi at Anjou. A noBll room cODtatni a ceruoic colleeUon. 

At the end of the Qdsi de l'Un!Teieit€, to the left, rises the 
Chiimber of Comment, a Urge structure in the RehaiEsance etyle, 
only partly completed. 

The Pont de Berlin, to the right of the Quai de I'UnlTersitd, and 
the street forming ita continuation lead to the Place du Polaii 
(PI. B, 0, 2, 3), one of the principal open Bpaces of tho town. 

On the N. side of this Place stands the FalEiii de Jnitioe (Fl. 
C, 33, the finest secular edifice in Rennes, erected in 1613-&4, by 
Jaeques DehroBse, the architect of the Luxembourg for the Parle- 
ment of Brittany. The somewhat heavy facade is preceded hy statues 
of D'Argentr^ (1519-46), La Chslotais (1701-85), Gerbier {1726- 
88), and TouUier (1752-1836), four eminent Iswyere of Brittany. 
Several of the rooms in the interior are adorned with paintings by 
Cioypel, Joiisenet, Gosse, Jobb^-Du-val, and other well known artiits 
(apply to concierge, at the end of the corridor on the right ; fee). 

To the S.W. of the Place Aa Palais lies the Plact de la Mairie 
(Pi. B, 3), the centre of the tramway- Bystem (p. 206). The H6tel de 
VUU here, rebuilt by Gabriel, the architect of Louis XV., after the 
great fire of 1T20 (p. 206), is in the form of a semicircle between 
two pavilions and is surmounted by a tower ending in a bulbous 
dome. The Thtatrtf on the opposite side, is also in a semicirculai 
form, but presents its conTei side to the Place. — Adjoining the 
Hfitel de ViUe is the Library, with 80,000 vols., 600 MSS. and 
nnmeroug incunabula. 

To the N.W. of the H6tel deVille is Si. Sauvtur (Pi. B, 3), a 
church of the 18th cent., containing a canopied high-altar, ■ hand- 
some pulpit, a bas-relief of the marriage of the Virgin (altar on the 
g.), and sUtues of 3S. Peter and Paul. 

A little farther on rises the Cathedral (PI. A, 3), ■ buUding of 
ancient foundation but dating in its present form mainly from the 
Idth century. The facade is in the cliasica) style. The interior is 
adorned with patntiugs by Le HrinafF and Jobbj-DnTal. The last 
chapel in the 9. aisle contains a fine allar-piece, in carved and 
painted wood, executed in the 15th century. 

In the lane opposite the cathedral rises the Porte MoTdtlai$e 
(PI. A, 3), an interesting relic of the mediaval fortifications of the 

. A little to the Tigbt, fnrthet on, is tbe Church of SI. Slephm (PI. A, 3), 
of the nth ceot., coDtalDlog seTeral etaCues by Barr^, sujntd-Bltai win- 
dows b; Laitrgru^ and ft paldting by Jovrjfm^ 

Wb now follow the Rue de la Monnale (PI. A, 3, B, 2). The fourth 
turning on the left brings ub to a Bmall e^uare with a bronze statue, 
by DoliTet, of ieperdrt, maire of Rennes during the Terror, who had 
the couiage to resist the ferocious Cairrier (p. 244), Farther to the K. 
is the large uoflnished modern Gothic church of tlatn-Dame-dt- 
Eonnc-ffouutWe (PI. B, 2J, whence the Rue St. MeUine leada Ifl the 
E. to the ehucch of Notre- Dame-en-Satnl-ltielalne (PI. D, 2), an 
abbey-church of the ll-i3th cent., with a tower surmounted by a 
moderD statue of the Virgin. The chief inteiior adornments are the 
monument hy Valentin (near the entrance], the Qotbic high-altar, 
and the choir screen in carved wood, all modern. 

A litUs fatihei on, to the right, le tbe Ihabor (Fl. D, 2), jiait of Die 
garden of Hie fornier Abbey de St. Uelaloe, and now tbe chief npen-alr 
resort of BenneS! It la embellished with a Benre of Liberty and with a 
statue or DaguescliD, the cetabrited Conn^tablo of France, who was bom 
near Rennes In 1311 or 1330 (i. 1330). On the E. this promenade ie ad- 
joined by the Jordtn da Plaaui (PI. D, !), which Is open to the public 

From the Place St. Melaine we return by the Contour de la Motte, 
passing the modern ChapelU da JUiisionnotm, the Prtfeciure, and 
the promenade of La Afollt, upon an ancient moat-hill. The Hue 
Victor-Hugo leads thence to the right to the Place du Palais, while 
tbe Roe Gambetta descends straight to the Vilaine, which it reaches 
beside the new iVniveniti (PI. C, D, 3), with a faculty of science. 
On the opposite bank begins the Aienue de la Gare (p. 206). 

A walk may be taken, on tbe left bank of tbe Vilaine, (o tbe CAdHnu 
dt la Priwalal/C, famoas for ib^ bntler (2 H. to the 3.E. of Bennea). 

see B. SO. - 


seeB. S 

iranch-llne also 

M.) ChiUauliria 

« (see p. 2ai, 

ling the line fro 

m TilrS (p. 

206) a 

t «9M.I 

Marlient-FerlHaud. A 

:. to the^W.W. 

if the 


1 of m M.) aa 

aed Ihi 

ta Fiu. 

Feom Esskes I 


.OS, 41 

V. «., 


(tares 8 

. iS, 3 (r. BB c). 

ley of 

IK., »hich Ihli 

! line fol 


osaine repeatedly from 

one ban 

of wooded hi 

id by 

- At (28 B 

ii joined by nn. 

nt (p. 232). which is to 


a viaduol 

. 70 ft, high a 

nd travel 

lel Vi M. long. 


U. Bb 

t (30M.) 

join the 

egr^ Cp. asj). 

Tbe trsi 

n puses tbroi 

.gh a pia 

district. WM. Aki 


tEDinx's Northern Frai 

29. From RenneB (Paria) to Br«Bt. 

lU M. B11I.WAI in i>/4-T/i hM. (fKiea SS tr. 10 c, 18 ft., 13 fr. *0 e.). 

The aDclent dneby ai BniogtH or Brittinr, 'piyt it e»Dll, recoiveri 
da ehSnci', foTmlDg tbe eitremo K.W. coroer of Funee, atill differs id 
many im^orlunt rupecta from the rest of the coDDtrf. The inbabiUnta 
are or pure Cellie race and their native tungne ii aklo (o Weigh. In 
upper or B. Brittany IUb laoEuage hai lo a great extent glien place la 
French, bnt npwirdi of a mUlloa inbabilania in the W. proTincei (Flm- 
iBlire, Catea du »ord, MorbihaD) still speali it, and In man; placea in (be 
Interior French is not understood. The peasant) still retain their ancient 

'Pardon^ and other fSlei. Hany of Ibeir manners and CDBtems are also 

Bier; turn. In addition to its wild tceaSTj, Brittany oSera the tiiieller 
■ apeeial attraction in the alnpendous ironumenla of the ancient Celta at 
l^aiDac and Loemariaquer. 

Rtnna, aee p. 206. On leaying Bennes, onr line divergeE to the . 
light from thoeB to Chateaubrifliit siidRedon (Beop.209), andcroSGes 
the VUaine. To the right rune the Una to St. Male (R. SO). — 
131/2 M. Hontfort-inr-Ken (Chetai Bland, a smali and ancient 
toiin, vith a tower of the 15th cent, and other relics of its former 
foitlAeations. — 20 M. Montauban-dt-Brttagne (Cosniei), with a 
chlteaa of the 14-l&th centuriee. — 23 M. La Brohiniirt, 

A branch-line rans hence lo (26 M.) Floirmil «p. 253), where It meela 
a brsncb from QuuMnttrl, on the ratlway from Ninlea to Breat (p. 363). — 
Branch to Dimm, lee p. S2t). 

The train aeeends the Talley of the Qamn and croEsea the Ranct, 
281/2 M. Caulntt; 331/3 M. Broont; 40 M. FUnle-Jugon. 

GO M. lambaJle (B6UI dt Franct; du Commerce), ■ town with 
4390 inhab., Is pictaresqaely. situated to the right of the railway. 
The bill on which it lies is crowned by the Church of Notre-Dame, » 
handBome and interesting edifice of the 13 -15th cent., originally tiie 
chapel of the castle of the Comtes de Pentbi^vre, which was destroyed 
by Card. Kichelieu In 1626. It was in besieging this casUe In 1590 
that La None, the 'Bayard of the Ilaguenots', met his death- A 
suburb of Lamballe contains the inteiesting cburrh of Si. Afortin, 
dating mainly from the Uth and 12th centuries. — Princess Lain- 
balle, the unhappy favourite of Marie Antoinette, and one of the 
victims of the atrocious massacres of September, 1792, was the 
widow of the last duke of Fentbifivie. 

A diligence (2 fr.) pliei twice daily in aommer from Lamballe to !• 
Tal'Andrt (Orand micl el B»l. ds Vtrdtlcl; di la Plaft. etc.), a aea-balhlni 
place 91/1 M. lo the N., passing fl'lt U.) the Tillaee of FlMet/. — Xt^bt 
(Bdl. dit BalBi), Si/i H. 10 the N.E., another balhlDg-resort, is alio aened 
by a dilii^ence (13 H. from Lamballe; 2'^ fr.). Cape Frjhal (p. 179) is 
11 H. diitanl. 

Cimmtra), a small tuon 10 H. 10 Ihe 8.W., Ihe parish-church of wUch 
IBI. Ualhuria-i) li a favourite reiort of Breloo pilgrims who brint Iheli 

mirahle stained glsBS of the 16lh century. The 'Pardon de St. Malhurin' 


67 M. Tfpniae (2042 Itih»b.> The tr»in n 
embtnkmaDt 4nd viaduct (125 ft. high). 

63 M. Bt. Briene. — Hatala. D'AsaLiTEBBE, PIsm da GueacllD, B. 
rrnm S, B. 1, a^j. Si/i, D. 3 (r. , Kodirhi, Plus Olaii B min, R. SB, B. 1, 
d^J. 2i4 I>. <) fi-' 1 DI Frihge, CaoiE- Blanc he, Hue St. Guillaume 63 knd 
89, K. from S'k d^J. or D. 3 ft. ! Ckoii-Boddb, Eub ie Gouedie 3, dO. 3, 
D. 2>^fr. — Oktii. /puAaiii, Rue St. Oolllaniuei du Champ-di-ifari, Place 
du ChjtDp-de-Uara; I^iriHrj, ueurtbe tbestre. — Oabi. Per drive, S pei9.I>/i, 
3.1 pera. I'/ifr.; par hr. Sffr., at. night (S-T) Vi and '/if'- Bitn. 

Si. firicuc, a toTii with 22,198 inbab., the capital of the CSta- 
du- fiord department and the seat of a bishop, is situated on tbe 
left bank of the Ooutt, about 1 U. abo-ve the point where it Hows 
into the MatKhe. The towit sprang into existence roaod a monastery 
foDoded here at the end of the 5th cent, hy St. Brieac, a missionary 
rrom Britain. Thon;h ill built, with. Irregular streets, St. Biieuo 
contains many quaint and picturesque old houses. 

Folloving flrst the Rue de la, Qare, opposite the station, and thea 
the Rue du Lyc^e (to the right), we soon reach the Champ-dt-Mari 
with a War Monument for 1870-71, by Og^, a native of the town 
On the other side, to the right, is a hooIeTard with a Statue of 
Duguesclin (p. 209); to the left stands the church of St. OuiUaume, 
dating from the 13th eeut., hut rebuilt in 1854. The first turning 
■0 the right in the Rue St. Oaillaume leads to the Qrandi Prome- 
nade, containing the Falaii de Justice. In the neighbouring quarter 
is the modern church o!Sl, /dichil, in the classical style. The street 
opposite this church, and the Rue Joualtan lead to the Mercb^ an 
Bl«, with the Theatre. Thence the Rue des Ualles, to the right, leads 
past the end of the Rue de Rohan, . No. 4 in which is the HStel de 
Rohan, one of the most interesting old mansions in the town (l&tb 
cent.). Farther on in the same direction rises the CaUiedral, an un- 
imposing edifice of the 13-15th and 18th cent,, containing uumerous 
monuments. Many of these, executed by Cbapn and by Ogtf, are 
erected to bishops of St. Btieuc 

The Hotel de ViUc, adjoining the cathedral, contains a small Mns^e, 
open on Son, and Thurs., 2-4 p.m.; in front of the building is a 
bronie Statue of P. Coriion, by Og4. Opposite the cathedral is the 
Prifeclure, which is adjoined by the Bishop'a Palace, dating partly 
from the 16th century. ThestreetpaBsingtotheleftofthe latter leads 
to Notre-Dame-d'Etpirance or St. Pierre, another 13th cent, church, 
recently rebuilt. It is resorted to by pilgrims and contains a CaWary. 
The cross-street to the left brings us back to the Ghamp-de-Mars. 

Qood vIewB of tbe pictntesqua ra'iae of tbe Qouet and of tbe Btv of 
at. Brionc ara ohtiifned from (be Oroir ie &.i«, lo tbe H.E. of the 
" " m the Terlrl ih Bvi, to tbe H.W., wilb a 

IV. M. 

flgara of the 11 

month of the . 

■iver, b 

mined T^ir h 
ul blown nf, bj 


(DO, balll in iSBB t 



daily (fa: 


°, to"Bi'nle"Al 



St. qui 




Ti/iX. Btalt (dtBntasni: defraoci}. •■ prellily situated Utile tovn and 
Bia-bntbiiig resort, Willi a ■mall harbour (or boats engaged In Ihe cod-flsherr. 
— UU. Fsrtneux (dilo/'fafft,- du nifui.ets.], BTillagewilb aggod harboui 
of refuge, also frequented for sea-bathiQg. On Ibe Sunday nearest the 
nrst flood-tide in Uay Ihe flsblDg-fleet of tbs £aj of St. llrlenc (wltli 
about lOTOmen) aeU sail henee for Ihe Newfoundland fishing-butka. — 
ISi/i U. Bt. auay (2^1, SI. Quaif; loi^ng also at the Omttat), a small 
lown and "ea-batblng place nftetted by the French cler^. 

Fhou Si. BniKie to P.ihpol, ^V^S., diligence deilT (5 fr.). To St. Qiuv, 
see ebore. Tbeuoe vii(17Vi H.) ^loaAn. 00 n.) Lanltap. (34 M.j Pltmiiii, 

.0 admission). ST'/i 

Jioi, about 1 H. lo Ibe V.£. of 
It TltriBed fort. — a ». QvinUn 
njuely »ituale' - -. . 

le CAa'Mu 0/ Lorga 
ves nnme to a furei 
ufl and llii 

) viS (IOVj M.) Cwja» to (20 M.) 

'ai built 
. 3 (20 IT- 
of Lortja ai 

Tbe lailnay no 
>Qal from Urest lo Nantes. — 39 ». St. Bivw 
ivy {StItI Oroiut; it Frtma), a town vrith 6! 

if IboBe pari 

• (two One inwcral of a Chitca- ,. , 

Biiod. Behind Ihe bospilal 

pilgrims On the da; of the ■Pardon' 
Ihe nelghbonrhood, gallr adorned witb 
near the chapel, which aresappOMd to 

le of tbem ii 

chatean ot QuinipUi, about 1 H, from Baud, 1< the cu 
lpll7,& rude stone slalnfl, Tormerly worlhipped by Ihei 

d/ Cetiurs and reachea (72 U.) PlattgnUr. The lown, villi 5260 inbab., lie* 
>/( U. lo the left. We join the line from Brest to Kantes. _ 79 H. Aaraf, 
aee p, 266. 

Beyond St. BrleDC tha train crossee the vaJley of the Gouet \>y 
a viaduct, 190 ft. high. — 691/2 M. Plo^xvata-PUmmf. — 74 M. 
CliSlclaudTta. The village, V^ ^- ^'> '■^^ ^-> ^'^ » chapel containing 
panelling painted in tha l&th cent, witb 72 Biblical aubjecte. 

82 M. Gningamp (Hot. de COueat: de France), a town with 
9362 Inhab., ie noted for its eburch of Sotn-Dame-dt-Bon-SecouTi 
(13-16lh cent.), one of the chief pilgrim- resorts in Brittany. The 
interesting 'Pardon' takes place on the Sat. before the first Sun. in 

to Brest. LANNIOS. S9.RouU.2lB 

July. Qolngamp also nontains > flna Foantnin, reconstractad in llio 
style of the J6tb centary. The Gothic chapel at OrSctt, i village 
!'/< H. to the W., dates from IdOZ-^I and contains GOme natewortby 

Fkoh GcisoiMP ™ CAKBii. A»D BosTORms, MV.M., nilwaT (hJVh- 
i</4 bre. (firea about 11 fr, 6,^, 7 fr, 90, 5 fr. 10 c), ThL> I.qb pBnelralea lie 

Jfciu«™i-Biiiir(irtoc', IbB Aral BlatiOD, ia BDled for iu 'PardOD des O.iqe' 
(Ist Sun. in Advent), so ullEi from the cocks (lumstlmes 6-70O) prsseuted 

with an intBresting church {i5-IBth cent.) and a ■pardon' on Boot. 8lh. — 
SO'/" M. (hUac (SlSJ inhabO, n;>te.l ftir ita cstUe-fairs, - SaVi M. Oarhnix 
(p. 2i6). — Bejond (ll'/i K) Mofrt/ the line DMSfi the !■:, extremity ut 
the Honlagu!, JVnru (1070 ft.), a small chain of granite li)ll< running parallel 
wia the Montagnes d Arr^e Ip. 315). — I'Vi M. OoBrtn (Cheval Blanc), a 
mining-town (^OO inbab.). Diligence via Le Saouet to Qulmperl^ (p. mi. 
— 67 ». SmSr (BMO inhab.). — M'/t M. Boipwdm (p. 2S7). 

FnoH Oomaur to PAmoL, 33U.. rallwar in IVi-^Vi br9. (fares 4 fc IS, 
2fr. 80, Ifr. 80c.). TbB railway croesea the JWeni, passci under the Brest 
line, and ascends Uwarda tbe V. — Beyond (9V? M.) PIomc we return to 
the valley of tlie Trieni and ikirl tbe river. — IS M. PBitrittix (HSt. de la 
Qrande-Haigon; de France), a village vrlth a small harbour, on tbe Trteitt. 
From Ponlrleni to Tpfgnier, Bee below. — Ifli/j M. Plourivo-Liia<-ir<cux. 
I.«iardrlenii (HSt. dn Ciiminerce), on tbe left bank (reached by a inapensiiin 
bridge), ii another small port. — 23 H. Faimpol iOicqueti Coathttalal, K. 3, 
D. 1'lt fr.). a emill town with 2737 inbab., has a harbour at Uie end of b 
hay, whicb ia of Importance as a centre for the French boats engaged in 
the cod-fisbery oS Newfoundland and I«land, — Abant 6 H, to (be N., 
l'/4 K. oir tbe coast, is the lit Brlhal (Hotel de la Plac?, R. 1 fr.-, sea- 
baths), otTeriag a good harbour of refuge, large enough for men-of-war 

the E. of (he direct road to at. Brietu (see p. 2131, Is the Tinple it LaKltff, 
sn isteresUng lircnlar eburcb, formerly looHed upon as a heathen temple 
and probably erected by Ibe Templars In the 12th century. — A public 
conveyance (2-» fr.) piles from Paimpol to (^'/i M.) Lofnloo (see below) 
vii (3 B.) L4M.rdrieni (see above) and O'/i M.) Tr^guier (see below), — 
Diligence to St. Uricnc, see p. 212, 

A diligence (2 fr,) plies from Pontrleux (see above) to (9V: H.) Trlguier, 
vli &h M.) Ploltai, near the curious 15th cent Chauau de ia Rothi-Jaga, 
(ti/i H.) PenatitrU-Jaudf, and (Si/i U.) La Rotlit-Dirritaj a village with an 

on the hills alJ t£e confluence of the two streams that nnite'lo'romr the 
Trtguiir. Tbe ' CaOedral (U-l&tb cent.), with three towers over the 
transepts, contains Ibe large tomb of SI. Yoa (1%3,1303), patron-saint of 
advoeales, who wss born at JfnifAv. a village >/• U, to the S. The ClcUUri, 
entered from tbe left transept, are as old as the cburch, A monument 
was erected here in I»» (o £iwil Bman (1813-92), who was born al Tr«- 
gnier, — Diligence to Patmpot and Lannion, see above. 

The railway sl^irte Quingamp, affording a pretty view of (he en- 
virons. 91 M. BelU-liU-B^rd. — 98 M. Plouartl (Hflt, Rocherl. 

From Piodjbbi to Labsiob, 10 M., railway In 30-35 mln. (fares 2 fr., 
36, 90c,). — LaUDJon (mul d'Suropt . pens, Tft fr.. ds fraiKs), a 
■■■ "" 1^ harbour, is sitnaled on tbe Wbmt, 

town with 6010 inbab. 

■. which 

1. Ihis,), are the ruins of (he (21/j M,) CMItaii dt Coilfrtc. the Ken^i 
.nee CliajHl tf Etrfoni (2-2>lt M. farther) , the CMUau of Kergriti (2 M 
irther), and the ruined QhaXta<i. of Tonqiiidic, S U. beyond Kerfoni. 

A diligence (75 c.) pliai 

, __ .1 Plage, peBi'. 6-B ft., ___ 

iB-OuInc). Thenu we msT ilslt the 

ft M. to lie N.W.) sod Tr^eislel O'h M. 

tmttkat WJ. Tiigutol (CommanauU di Sl<. Jmu, kept by nuDi, pent. 
5-6 fr.| StI. dt la J'lage, B h.) b another bAthlng-ruort, nleo served by ■ 
diligence fromLwinlon (SM-i 1 f'-)- IThe eombined eicuwlon la Perron- 
Golrec and Trigaaiel may be m.da ij cnrriase ((0 fr.)-l Anolber dilfgenee 
(itr.)Taaiio(!'h^) Tritaurdm, a pretty lilllebalbinj-pfBcewllhBhirlHinr. 
The railway travBrsea an undnlating eountiT, mil beyond two 
short tannelB reaches (103 M.) Plmm/rin. 

■IruetQie gf tbe IBtb century. — A dilleenee pliea from Plounirln lo (V/t "■) 
Plutlu-lei-Sriv» (Oraad'Hatun), a bafliiuE-reiDH (SBOOmbsb.), belneen 
which and SI, Bfflam (i'/i M. •, Hdt. da H^ron) eilenili the Lieut d; Orivt^nu 

like the H^irais de Da] (p.3S0). — 6 M. rrom Pleslio is Lscqolrec (MK. da 

(he W, of Locqnirec (lee p, 915). 

To fte left of the railway, farther on, liea the village of FfcmepaJ- 
Moylan, near which is the mde chapel of St. Laurent-du-Poutd^iiiT, t, 
frequented pilgrim-resort on the night of Aug. 9-lOtli, when many 
cnrloas inperetitious rites are performed, — 112 M. Plouigneau. We 
cross the lofty Viaduct of Morlalx (see hetow). 

118 M. Horl&U CHettC BottlUe, R. V/i, B. 8/4, D. 27j tr,; de 
VEuTOpt; de PravtiKt), a town with 16,086 inhah., pictureaqoely 
situated on a tidal rivet, about 4 M. from theEngUsh Channel. The 
Kne Qamlietta describeG a considerable cnive in descending from the 
station ; a Qigbt of Steps to the left offers a shorter route for pedes- 
trians. At the end ia the HBtel de ViUe, in front of which is the 
Place Thiers, with ■ bronie bust of Comic-Duchlni (1731-1809), 
a famous privateer of Morldi. Between this Place and the harhonr 
is the'Viaduct, 310 yds. long and 190 ft. high, with a bridge for 
foot-passengers below the railway. 

The HarbovT Is formed by the Jarlot and the Queffleui, which 
nnite in a vaulted channel beneath the H6tel de YiUe to form the 
Biviirt de Morlaix. Moriaix carries on an active trade with the N. 
of Europe in grain, oil-seeds, vegetables, butter, honey, wax, leather, 
horses, etc. To the left of the wet docli is a Tobacco Manufactory. 

On the qnaj to the rieht of llie eame dock ia lie Fcnlaim du AtifflaU, 
marking the ipnt where BOO EnglistimeD were surprlied sRlecp and >)alD 
aflsr an alluk on Morlsii hy Henry VIll, (1622). 

The church of St. Metaine, ne&r the Place Thiers, dates chieri)' 
from the 16th cent. ; the carvings on the fonts, organ-case, and 
vaiittiog should be noticed. The quaint old houses in the Rue St. 
Melaine, and especially the Orande-Rue (No. 14 with a fine carved 
staircase ; fee) and the Rue du Mur (Matton de la Reine Anne, No. 33 j 
fee) should be inspected. — Farther on is Si. Maihieu (16th cent), 
witii a massive l<iwer. 

In the Place des Jacobins, on the other side of the Jarlot, is an 
old content-church (with two fine windows) now containing OieMiitfy 

to Brest. ROSCOFF. " 29, Routt. 215 

[Sno. sod Thnis., 1-4, f^e«; otber da;s 26 c.), which includes paint- 
ings by Delacroii, Frsgousrd, Ttoyon, and Diaz. — The qnaiat 
coEtame of the peasants is eeen at Moilaix to advantage on market- 

Fbom HoBLiii TO EoacoPF, nViH., railwa; tn AO-Nt min. (fares S rr. 15, 
S fr. ID, 1 fr. to c). — B«yond Ifii/t H.) Toaii-Hi-itic w« croxi Ibe Faun 
by iDSHis af BTiHlnet, lOU ft. Id height. lOVt Bl. Keuanan. — ISi/iH. St. FdI- 
it-Uon (Etui d> ^an«J, ■ fowD wilb 7816 Inhab., \i Vt ». fcom the au. 
on which Ilea lit gmall port Ptmpimt. 11 wii foDndsd hv SI. Pol, iU flrat 
biahop, Id Ibe 3lh cent., and na« of iinport>iiu in the middle afea. Tbe 
•Calhidral, ■ p&rtly Romanoaque and partly Gothic itrDelnre of ths 13- 
14th cent., poueuea two beautifol gpices, aod cont^ni loma good stoned 
glaaa md carved alalia of Ibe 16tli cent., besides Inieraiting lomba. Still 
more inlereating, perhapg, ii ma 'CAafelltdl Crifttir, cbiaQr llth and 15th 
cent, work, with ao eiqaislte tower and ijdre, ttadltloiuUy lald lo have 
baan built by an Engliib architect. The cemetery eontaini Qotble oianarlea 
and a chnrch of the IBth centoiy. — ITi/iH. Boaooff (-Iieui dii Baini-6t- 
Mf, pena. GBi/i fr. l •S/II. in Palmhr, En^iab Undlidy; Talabardatt)., a 
pleasant town wllb 4938 Inlub. and ■ smal] barbour, carriea on a trade 
In the vegetables which grow in the neighbourhood. The Cnlf Stresm is 
said to contrlbuts to the fertility of tbia district. Marj, Queen of Scola, 
landed bare In ifi4S. at tbe age of Bie, on bar w>; to be belrolhed to the 
Dauphin Franda (meoiorial chapel). Prince Cbarlea Edward Stoirt also 

inhabited by mirmeri 

3tr. 70, 2fr, IDo.). - Beyond 
the Moolav"" i'irri, fl^ ft. 
HuelfDat-Lacmaria. Httelffcal 

place of La Tour-d'Auvergne, 'tbe Crst grenadie 
-"-0 is COB memo rated here bj - * - 

(ISVi K-) RoHrtam, whence a diligence plies 'Ii (10 U.) Ooarec to ISO H.) 
£oiiiiAic(p. 212). — FromCarhaixto Otrinjamp and to floapardm, aee p. 213. 
Other intarestlng eicursions may be made from Morlali lo (W/i M.) 
Caranttc (carr. 12-15 fr.), lo SI. TMgmoKt and aimiUau (carr. 12fr.)i aod 
lo (10 M.) St. Jeaa-do-DalBt (Bit. St. Jim: aea-bathlng), tbe chorch of 
which (IS-ieth cent.) contain: a linger of St. John, in a gold and sllvet 

St. John's Eve (23rd Jnne). Bl. Jean miy be coovenlenlly reached by means 
of tbe diligence (1 fr.) from Mnrlaii to (II'/h M-) I^oueamnti (hotels), I'/i M. 
from St. Jean. The diligence goes on to Frtvul (Holela; aea-liathi). 

1231/a M. Ptcybtr- Christ. — 127M. Bt. ThiKonuee (HStd Ftrtr). 
The town [3144 inhab.), l'/, M. to the N. fomn. 1 '/j ft.), has a hand- 
some Benaisiance church. In the chnrchyard are a curious triumpbal 
ueh and an ossuary of the sane epoch, a 'CalTary', and a Holy Se- 
pulchre. — The Una now crosses the Peitstz by a viadoct 100 ft. high. 
131 M. Gimiliau coatains one of the most cuiions 'Calvaries' in Brit- 
tany, adorned with statues and statuettes (1581). — 134 M. Lutdi- 
vl>i»n (B6t. du Commerct) is a smUl industrial town (4364 inhab.), 
l>/4 H. ta the H. of tbe taitway. 

216 Route 29. LANDKBNEAU. Fr, 

About 3t/i H. lo the ».W. Ilea BodilK, nlUi > tulsfi 

church, and 4'/i M. fartbOT on, 

rutni of tbe CMUov e/ Eerjiai . 

Luubftdflrt with a pllfrlmuo-clianeL of th« llth c«at., beyond whicD lua 

CVi M.) PAwnmi imd (li/i tf.) the [TAilUau (/ Kinuert (ITth cent.). 

Wa DOir descend the Talley of the £fom. — 110 H. La Roche, 
2'/; M. to the S.E. of which ia La Ifarlvre, t village vlth » hsDd- 
Bome church (ID-lSth cent.), and > noted hoise-fsii in July. 

1437s M. Luiderneau ISuffel; B6lel de VVaiveri; Raould), 
the junetioD of the Nantee line (R. 34), is » clotb-muinCBCtndng 
town with 7080 Inhahttants. It contains two chnrches of the lUth 
cent, one dedicated to St. Tbomss of Canterbury, and % medl^BTsl 
htidge oaroas the klom. 

Fboh LiHDiBHEiD To Bbiohdoih, 19 U., railway in I'/i br. (firei 
a fr. 30, 1 tr. sn c.)> 10 H. Le Falgoit l« a pllgrlm-ieeorl. vith a cDrioaa 
ISth cent. (TAurcA, containing B bandaoms rood-loft. IQi/i Lfnma {HSt. 
de Francet Trols-Pillen), a imall town (3196 Inbab.). 17i/g M. Plomioar- 
Tti! (2900 iahab.). 19 H. Brii/negan (boteli), a Imall lea-balhln; reeorl. 

The railway continues to follow the vallay of tbe Eloin and 
tr«Teieos a foreat. To the left ie the Ante de Kerhaon, a amall bay 
eroeaed by a lofty viaduct and containing the chief timber depot of 
the French ni»y. — l&O M. Kcrhuon. 

A Terry (10 c.) here uosHa tbe Elorn to U Fa'iagi, nbecce a road 
MCEndg Id (!•/• X) Flongutal (mt. fo-irUaJ, a village noted for tbe 
quaint coitumes of Ita inbibiiaDla, and for tbe 't>ardoa' of 3t. John, which 
tikci place on June 21tb, The cemetery containa a curlout moDnmeDtal 
•Galraiy of 160201, embelllsbed with nnmeroua Itatueltea and rellefi. — 
1>oe-cart 10 (T U.) Daon^at (p. 259), 8 fr. ; iteamer from Bre«t lo Le Pauue 
Ob June 21tb and 8an. In lummer. 

I&21/2 M. Le Sody is alao situated on a creek. About thla point 
begin the Road) of Breat, the ahores of which are well wooded and 
pictureaque. The train tiaTersea a long cutting. 

155 M. Bieit. — HoteU. Butkl Cohtiheniu, (FI. a; D. 3), Plice 
de La Tour-d'Au^ergne, E. 3-6, B. H/., Uj. 9, D. 9Vj, omn. Vi fr., well 
■ poken of; °i>k9 VuVAanuna (PI. b; D, 3, S), Bae de Siem IS, E. Vh-I, 
d<l. 3. D. 3i/]fr.< •OusDHdTBLUoDEaNS (PI. d; D. 2), Place dea Foriei, 
R. 21/1-3, di<j. 21/1, D. 3 fr. ) DE FaiBCE (PL. t; D, S), Koe de la M^rle. 

Cafea. Du dmuMnx, di Farit, Kue d'Aiguinon and Place du Chomp- 
de-Bitaille; Brand Cafi. BratoU, Kue de Siim IG aod IT. — Caft-Cona^-t 

Slaotrlo Trauwaji: 1. From Ibe Felll-Faria la tbe Porle du (^Dquet) 
3. From Itae Purt do Commerce to Lamb^zelleci 3. From the Arsenal to 
81. Marojl. From tbe Ports du Conquel lo 81. Pierre-Quilbignon. Fare 10, 
with 'correapondanee- IS c. 

Oabi. For 1-2 pen., per dri.e I'/i, per hr, !■/. fr. 1 8-i pera., 2 * S'A ft, 

Poat Office (PI. D, 8). at the corner of the Eue du Cbiileao and Eue 
d'Aiguilloo, in the Place dn Cbamp-de-RaWllB. 

BrlMih Oonaul, Capl. Serba-I Cyt, R. y.; yfee-conlu], Win. SttrHnj. — 
Anurlou a«unlu Agent, U. A. FUii. 

Frmch ft-BtalBnl Clmrch, Eua d'Afgulllon I (service at 11 a.m.). 

Brest, a town will 81,284 iuhab., (he chief oaval port of France 
and a fortreaa of the first clasa, ia Eituited in tbe department of 
*'init(irt, the wostarnmoat part of France, to the N. of the Beads of 
1!reet. Though it alao possesaes a commeicfal barboui, its im- 





to Brat. BREST. 39. Boide, 217 

poTtuice depends enttrely upon its naval dockyard , and Its history 
iB practically tte liletoiy of ttie latter. 

Tlio dale of the foundation of the town of Brest i> unknown. It 
wu une of the twelve Breton porti sivea bj John IV., Dnke of BHttany, 
to Edward III. of Epgland In lSl2, Mid It repnlied an attack of lie Pranch 
nnaer Dapmclln. In 1888, 1387, and <3B8 JoinlV. made aiiempu to »- 
eoTSr Brcit, but tbe Engllib didnol relinqnish it onlUlSST. whe- "■' - ■ " 
lOld it to Charlei VII. of France (or la.OOO . ..— 

n 1189, dur 
an Engliab fleet. Tbe Engl isli '-" '" 

ully in iaJ3. Tlioogb it palled 

d!d'not'b6fin'to%e"a'naT'al'po«ofimportanceoBUl shout 1691. liickelien 
baein tbe exteniive birbour-workg, aod Vinban fortlfJed ibe poH in time 
to beat back an eoeKetic attack of tbe English and Dutcb fleet* in 1691. 
iDrormalion of thll eipeditlon in believed to bave been conTefed to tLa 
French court bf Jacobtte ipleg. In 17D4 Admiral Howe dereatad the French 
fleet, under Villaret and Joyeiue, olT BreM. 

The tovn U built on two looky bills on the hanks of the Penfeld, 
which forms the naval harbour, the chief part being on (ho left banS. 
Three roads lead to the town from the Station {PL E, 3), wliich lies 
outside the fortifloatians. That straight in ftont conducts us in a few 
minutes to tbe Flmi du Oiamp-de-BataUU (PI. D, 3), ^iS the Forte 
Foy, the Kue Voltaire (left), and the Bue de la Rampe or Rue 
d'Aiguillon (right). The two last streets lead on heyond the Place 
to the Em dt Siam (PI. 0, 3), tbe principal street in Brest, while in 
the other dliention they end at the Cours Dijot (see helow). — The 
Avenue dela Oare, to the right from tbe station, leads to tbe upper 
end of the Rue de Sism, which descends thence to the naval har- 
bour. — The street to tbe left from the station passes between the 
commercial harbour and the Cours Dajot to tbe Place du GhJteao. 

The Commetciat Barbovr [Pi. E, 3), of recent construction, in- 
cludes at present four hasins, with a total area of 100 acres, with two 
moles, and a breakwater '/a M long. The Coutj Dajol (PI. C, D, 4) 
is a handsome promenade laid out in 1T69, and embellished with 
statues of Neptune and Abundance, by Coyievox. It communicates 
with the commercial harbour by flights of steps. Tbe * Vitvi of tbe 
roadstead thence is particularly fine. 

Brait Rcadi, In which leveral men-of-war are usual1)> anchors], are 
formed of an irregular baj, 11 M. long and 7 M. wide, almost landlocked 

the OmW, \-1 H. broad and 3 H. long. The entrance li Ihni aomewhat 
difflcnli, but the Goolet onie paeied, ships find themselves in perhaps the 
larseel and lafest roadstead of Europe, in which ILO men-of-war can ride 
at anchor at one time. The roads are defended hy powerful batteries, 
for tbe most part on Che level of the water, and commanded ibemscliei 
b; the guDi of tbe vast system of forllAcatiDns whkh guard the bar 

the town IS called iI , 

derneau falls ; Ihe other is the Bras rfs CAflntnulta (p. 559), which receives 
the ChiteauUn or Aulne. 

At the W. end of the Cours Dajot, on a rock overlooking the 
harbour, risas the Cottle (PI. C, 4), an important military work, 

modified by VaubBiiAroai a construction of the IdthceDtory. Visitors 
■re admitted on application at the entrance (at 10 a.m., 2 p.m., or 
4 p.m. ; fae), but there is nothing of great Interest in Oie interior. 
The *View bom the Tour de Brest, on the side next the haiboni, 
is, however, Tsry flne. Including the donjon, the eaetle has eight 
tovera, the original conical looti of vhtch were replaced by Vanban 
with platforms, on which can . . ^ • 

dungeons are shown to the ri 
tale of honor or Buttering. 

The *N».T».L HiBBouB (PI. B, 4, 3, 3] is a sort of canal, 3 M. 
long, averaging 100 yds. in breadth, and from 30 to 40 ft deep, 
excavated in great part from tbe living rock, at the mouth of a 
small stream called the Fenfetd. It has been made accessible from 
tbe castle by levelling the ground. It ie most conveniently reached 
from the centre of the town by the Rue de Siam (PI. 0, 4). 

The 'Swing Bridge {Pont ToumanI; PI, B, 4), »t the end of 
this street, constructed in 1861 to connect Brest with Recouvrance, 
is one of the Urgest of the kind in existence. It is 125 yds. long, 
with an average height of upwards of 65 ft. Tbe two Iron wings of 
which it is composed tain upon tower-shaped piers ; four men can 
open or shut tbe bridge In 10 minutes. The visitor will hardly fail 
to be struck with tbe combined boldness and lightness of this re- 
markable structure. A bridge-of-boats for foot-pass an gets crosus 
the harbour below tbe swing-bridge. 

Perhaps the best general survey of the naval port is obtained 
from the swing-bridge, though as the canal forms a ssries of enrvea, 
concealed by the rising banks, nothing like the whole of it can be 
seen from any one point. The animation and variety of the port, 
with the immense magazines, workshops, barracks, etc., lining it 
on both sides, are more easily imagined than described. No one 
»t all interested in naval matters should fail to endeavour to obtUn 
permission to inspect the dockyard, which employs between 6000 
and 9000 workmen. Foreigners, however, Teq.uire a special per- 
mission ftom the French Admiralty, 

The towJi offers few other points of interest besides those al- 
ready mentioned. The principal church, 51. Louii (PI. C, 2), though 
founded in 1638, has only recently been finished. In the ambulatory, 
to the left, is a Qne 13th cent, tombstone with a recumbent statue, 
discovered under the floor of the church In 1698. 

Near tbe upper end of the harbour, on tbe righl Himi, la the SlaNliu- 
mini dii PvpUUt d( la Uarint, vrhere ornhans are idcelved at the age of 
aiven u be trained ai aallorg. At tbirtees Ibey enter the Ecali da Knuiu 
(ahlp-boya) on board a leuel lying In the roads, from which they are 

OB board mother ship tor farther trainfne. The 'Iphigiale-, also aneherei 
in the roads, contains the ifaval SOtoot. 

The Mutii, in the Place Sadi-Carnot (PI. C, 3), is open tim on 
Sun. A Thnrs., 11-4 or b, and to strangers on other days also. It 
contaioi a small collection of painUngs, tncluding worki by Terborg, 

ExcuT$i07U. BREST. 29, Route. 219 

Seghere, Coypel, 4oil Danblgnr, and tbe pnblic Library. Tbe Bolanit 
Garden (PI. G, 2), teyoad the Quartl«r de la Haiine, is open in 
gammer, oa San. & Tbnra., 2-3. It inclndei a mnaeam of nalatal 
biBtoty. Keu it U tbe large Saval Bo$pital, ffitb 1200 beds. — 
ThBBabnibofS<2-i4Jr, beyond the foitiflcations to tbeN.E.,coiitaini 
the bandaome Oturcli of St. Martin (PI. E, 1), a modem bolldiDg in 
tbe Gothic style of the 12tb centuiy. 

EiccM:oiri. Tarlonii pleuant aicnTtione ma)' be made in tbe roads and 
enllTOn* OfBrettbymeang of gte am era and pnbllc coD'erancel, Small slcam 
lanncbu ma; alao be bad foi bire. ~ Beaidat PtoutaiUl (tea p. 31B) per- 
bapa the moal inlereatliig polnU, commanding Ibe dneit Tieva, are (IS'/i M.) 
U Cangucl, a imall port, and (U H.) tbe Folnli SI. JtallHiu, the W. ei- 
Iremltj of Finislire, near nrWcb jtanda a ruined ahber-cburcl). Tbe road 
to holh ttaria from BecooTrance (diligence Iwtce a daj from No. I Brand' 
BueJ. Bejond (!"/, M.) Si. P<tm-Q%ilMenon on Ibis road we may diverge 
to tbe Ciapil cf 31. Ant oeir (31/, HJ J^tiic. whiti la also reached b; 
a plclareailue road alone tbe coaat. — Tlie III d'Oauianl. a imall lilet 
Inbabiled by flabenneD, lie> about 11 H. ofT tbe eoaat, and ia reaebed by 
ateamars pljLng from Le l^ooquet io S-SV> bri. It glrta name to Ihe Inde- 
cfalie battle of Uihant. fouebt in 1763 between tbe EnEllib fleet under Reppel 
and tbe French Doder D'OrTilllera. Between thin island and ttie JiH di 
Xoliae, to the S.E., are Ihe Pia-ra 7a-Ui, on which the Eneliih liner 
'DrammoDd Castle' was lost, with 300 U>ei, in June. 18%. 

Feoh Bbebt to UoiaiT. Steamer Ch-'litt.) from the eommercial 

KariatVcnmd Il6ltl: BM. 

ds la Piofi; 'nerpt), a t 

lathing- teaor 

t on 



la of Croino, with 

. Summer s 



to B««™«1« (p, Sfi8) in V. br. Di 

iligence to 1 

[21 M.) Chdli6 


p. 269. 

amer 'Qitiu 




ixjs (ip 

1 3 hrs.l, returning i 

)n ne.t day (i 

i'lele fare i 

in Bust to LaHoai 

eclal .team 

er (1 tr.i .>» 

■ or by tbe Cbiiea 

iklj. At La. 


anna), i 

It the mouth of tie 

ChSleaulin, is 

Abbei (I6.h c 



*LL, S3 M., 1 

W. hr, (fares 



Ifr. SO 

't.). This lioe^siai 

la from the Gar. d» C*™.i». A F,, 


■ m- C. B). - 3'/, 

« (I8,il6 i 

abab.), an i 

of Brest. - lOVi M. 

■JOU. Ph 


Hi^son). 3211. i>fl-(ia», where thi 


d lo 

irr. E5c.). Une dJTer^es from Ihe above beyond lambiittlic. ISi/s V. 
LaanUit (Bdt. LagadeO lies about VU K. from (he remarkable estaary of 
the AUr-BaoU, on tbe V. Near the (ZJift M.) L' Aber-arach ia fo/udm (liotel). 

30. From Kennei to St. Halo. Environs of St. Halo. 
Excursions from St. Halo. 

Jlfonl St. Midiet. Dinan. 

a. Tram KennSB ta 8t. Halo. 

61 H. BtiLwai in l'/,-2'l, hra. (tares 9 (r. 20, B tr. 20, 4 fr, 6 c). 

Stnnei, see p. 206. To the left diverge the lines mentioned at 

p. 210. We orosB the VUaine »nd then ascend the pretty TaUey of 

tbe cunalized Itie, croEsing the streaoi several timee, 8 M. Beilon; 

220 Route 30. DOL. From Renna 

12'/.jM. St. G(t™iiB-s«r-n(«; ibW. BLMfdofd-sur-ni^.; 17l/j M. 
lHontrmil-iur-lile: 20 M. Dingt. The train then lesTes the valley 
of the lUe. — 26 M. Combourg (H6t, del Voyagenrs; de U Ban- 
nieie). The Mvn (5204 inbkb.) lies sbont ^'4 M. to the left and 
poseesEes a chateau [14-15th cent.) belonging to the Ghateaahriand 
fimily, in which the famous author of that name spent part of his 
childhood. — 31 M. Bonnemain. 

36 M, Dol [Buffet; Grand B5lel, near the elation, R. 2Va-3. 
D. 2V2fr.; QTond' Motion, in the town), a town with i708 intab., 
Btill preseTves many quaint medixval hoases, with the first Btorles 
projecting over the street and supported by arches. The Cathedral, 
an interesting bailding of the 13th and IGth cent., i» dedicated to 
St. Samson, an English monk who is saidtohaTs founded a monastery 
on the site of Dol ; and some authorities are inclined to trace the. 
Influence of English architects in the square end of the choir and 
In other particulars [comp. p. 109). The W. fai^ade, vith its two 
towers of the 13th and 16th cent., is remarkably plain, hut on the S. 
side of the charch is a handsome 15th cent, portal with a porch. The 
S. transept also has a portal; hut there is none on the 14., where the 
church touched the town-walla, and where the chapels are furnished 
with battlements. The church also possesses a central tower. The 
large window of the cbolr is filled with good stained glass of the 
13tli century. The N. transept contains the tomb of Bishop James 
(d. 1503), by Jean Juste; unfortunately it is mutilated and has lost 
the statue. In the apse is a fine chapel dedicated to St. Samson. 

1.30 and's3) p.!!!*^. and Tl Jt tHe calbedral, Mont Dot" anil the Champ' Dolent. 

CAnnip Dolml,"!. menliir 30ft. higb-'surmounled by a C1099. — About I^/, M. 
to the N. la tbe Haraii de Dol, a rertile plain inundated Id TOS bat re- 
daimed in tbe 12lh cent., and proteuled by a 'digue' or embankment 
11 M. Id lenslh. In the middle of tbe plain Hsee the i/oit Dol 0X0 ft.), 
on wMcb is sllaated a village wllli a ^Ib cent, church. — Ballwayg to 
PaUnrim (Hont St. Miebel) and DIaim, etc., aee p. ITS. 

The line now crosses the marsh of Dol (see above). 42 M. La 
Fftmaii. From (45 M.) La Oouaniln-Cancale an omnibas plies to , 
Cancale (T'/a M. ; see p. 224); and a branch- line dlTerges toMiniac 
(p.228). To the teftas we approach St.Malo appears St.SerTan(p.223). 

51 M. St. H&lO. — Hotsll. 'Da FlUNCa BT de CuTEAUBBTtBD with 

■ea-vlew from the back-wiDdows, R. 3-6, B. li/i, dfl. 3, U. K fr. incl. eider, 

Casino, R,'9-i0,'B,'li/i, dii. 3, D. 4, peoa. ViB ft.i CoBiiBKBTai ChOtel 
meubl^-). °DE l'Uniters, ueu9. 13 fr., tlieae tno in the Place Chateau- 
briand. — Id tbe (own: dd Cinthb bt de La Paix, Rue Bt. Tbomai t, 
R. 'ii/i B, B. 1, d«i. 3, I>. 3Vz, nena. S'/i-lOfr-t °a KoaiuHPre, do Coh- 

illon, d^J. 2 fr. — Many English and olber vigllsn pstrontie 91. Malo 
Oaf«. CKnUnmlal. da Toyafeun, te TOuat, Place Chateaubriam 





E. From tha Gale dt Dintm ia 
Foru SI. YiactHI 10 the Jfafr 

:. Ss-nM to Farami-Botrff vli tb« railway suii on [IB, 2D, £ 8( 
Bss-B*thi. BBlbiag-bQi in'd costume 1 fc, lowel lOc. Wa 



.am Fe: 

d hourly (from i 

,. 80 a.m. 

lo 8. 




1 Cals do DiniD, 






11,6 tide. 

Dlnard at 


full hoi 



in IQ min. 



3G, ao 




— To Jtr 

e a week i 




wMoh tb« 





p. 198). - To It. 

6 /ifaodi 

In tht 


7, Conuta, 

. Ifraf 

I Coo FrrfSsI, 

St. Malo, A fortified seaport with 11,468 inhsb., occupies a re- 
markably pictuiesqae situation, on a rock (rormerly an island) rising 
between the hsrlioui and the mouth of the Ranee, flanked on the 
left by St. Setvan, and facing Dinard on the apposite bank. 

St. Halo deriTu its name from the Weigh moDk SI. Halo or St. Macloo, 

h greuei tbau 

H~i.„ ,«,.., 

I coD3lder< 

ibl7 later p 

golshed themsi 

>\-L «> 6 

old li 


war. Jacq 


1531, was . 

ire of 81. 

Halo, the 



H Dngoaj-Troui 

in (1873-1736) waii 

,, aurcouf (1773-1827). 

well know. 

1 eonJr." 





Si. Ha 


aid lo L, 

o'iB XIII. 



.a KochelUi m 

'iiteera had 

' and trade. 

ii. nil the to. 

;ributed ao 


on Iraaca 



e Sp^l 


plute the li 

irded it «■ 



768 the Dote . 

borough le 




though he did 

< to 

.od olher f 

■ly. he 

the birtbp] 

bJ. (1698-1?^)," 


"f'^^Mh ^"^ 

1 (n68-lifl8), Br 


(1772-18381, «id Zomniia/t (1783-1861). 

The railway -ststion is situatBd in the suburb of Kocabey, near 
the harbour, tetween St. Malo and St. Servan, and about '/j M, from 
each. To reach the former, we turn first to the right, and then to 
tbe left, between a wet dock and the inner leaeiTolr. The tramway 
route (b min. longer) traverses the Siiion, an embankment 220 yds. 
long and about 150 ft. broad, which connects the rock on which the 
town stands with the mainland. 

The i/oriour (recently completed), in ■ shallow bay between 

222 Rovte 30. ST. MALO. From Renna 

St. Htdo and St. Servan, consists mainly of an ontei basin, a tidal 
harlioar, two wet docks, and an inner t«eeiTOii. 8t Halo Is the 
twelfth port in France in point of Importance; It imports timber and 
coal, exports provisions of all kinds to England, and takes a consider- 
able sbare in the Newfoundland cod-ftshery. 

At the end of tbe Sillon next tbe town, to the right, is the 
modest Casino (free adm.), in front of which is a bronze Statut of 
Chi^aubriand (p. 221), by A. MiUet. 

As we enter the town by the Forte St. Vincent, with its flnely- 
scnlptnred coats- of- arms, tbe CailU, dating front the 14-15th cent., 
and now used as barracks, stands on our right. It consists mainly 
of foac towers, one of which ma; be ascended tor the sake of the 
view. An almost e^aally extensive and mora varied view may, 
however, be enjoyed from the 'Sampart) enclosing the town, which 
date chieny from the 16th century. Visitors should not omit to make 
the circuit of the (own on the ramparts, both for the sake of en- 
joying the curious appearance of the town, and also for the view of 
the bay, which is finest when the tide is full. The bay is dotted 
with fortified ialeta, one of which, the Qrand-Bty, 560 yds, from 
tbe town, contains the simple tomb of Chateaubriand (d. 1848). 
St. Halo is remarkable for ^e great height to which the tide rises. 
Ordinary tides rise from 23 to 26 ft, spring-tides 48 ft above low- 
watar mark; and at low water an immense tract is uncovered, so 
that it is possible to walk dryshod to the Grand-Bey. — On the 
Quai de Dlnan is a statue of Robert Sareoaf (_17T3 - 1827) , the 
privateer, by Ciiavanlez (1903). 

Most of the Etreels are steep, narrow, and tortuous. From the 
small Plaet (Sialeaubriand, in front of the castle, we ascend to the 
centre of the town by the Rue St. Thomas or the Rue St Vincent 
(opposite tbe gateway), and then turn to the left. 

The Pariih ClaiTch, formerly the cathedral, Is built mainly in 
the Qothic (15th cent.) and Renaissance styles, bat some parts date 
from the Transition period, and the elegant spire ia modern. 

Tbe best part of tbe iDt^rloi ii the eholi, -which bag a Bne IrlFoTlum 
Bad three nlDdows filled with moderD itiined glut. The Ivaiy ntaie of 
Ohriet traclDg the palpIO, a modem tamb to the right, and other seulp- 
tureg are well executed, aed lercral of the pictarei alio are of lome valuej 
the Utter, however, are bidly li^hled. 

The street nearly opposite the front of the church leads to anotbei 
(mall Place, embellished with a marble Statue of Dngaay-Trouin 
[p. 221), by Moiknecht — The lUul de ViUe, also in this sqnaie, 
contains a small Masit (open to the public on Sun. and Thnrs., 
1-4) and a LlArarv (open on other days only, at the same hours). 

Tbe 3ea-bnlhing EitabUshment lies beyond the castle, to the E. 
of (he town. Tbe beach consists of &ne sand, and slopes gradually. 

b. Environi of Bt, Kalo. 

Comp. lAe Plan and ttt Map to the rtpA( of tht Flan. 

Bt. Berran. — Hotali. CIukd HAtel BatLByui, Qrude B 

1. Halo eiiil), R. 1-D, B. 1, D. Si/i, pens. 10-11, onm. Ifr.: de I'U 

ne Dsnpblne 31, on tb< 1w>cli( su ftLiCAS, Oiisde Sae. — P«d 

ndDOMTO (HiM Qoldham), Run VlUe Pepini JTMisn Mal}iia4, fU. pn 

It Hands. EjijUih Fhyiitiim, 
■ke, Bne Villa Pepin. 

51. Senian, formerly only a guliurl) of Si. Malo, is now a separala 
but anlnleresting town with 12,597 inhabitaiite. It may be reacbed 
from St, Malo by the road paasiag the station, or (belter] by the 
Pont fioulonl at the mouth of the barboui. This bridge [fues, see 
p. 221) mov«g upon raili laid at the bottom of (he ma., and is diawa 
from side to side of the haiboui-moulh by means of a stationary 
ateam- engine on the St. Servan aide. The platform foe passengers is 
40 ft. aboTB tb« laile. The modem miel dc ViUt (tramway, p. 221), 
■t the top of the Grande Rae, and the Cltvrch of Su. Croix, (o the 
S., built in the lS-19th cent-, are the only buildings of any preten- 
sions. Besides sharing the harboui of St. Halo, St. Seivan has two 
small harboarB at the month of the Banct: the Port dt Solidor and 
the Port St. Fire, between which ri^es the 14th cent. Tour de Solidor 
(Tisilors admitted; tIow). These harbours are separated from the 
bay of Lt> Sablont by a locky promontory, crowned by a foit on the 
site t>t an ancient town called Alelh. The small Bathing Entahiiih' 
ment, with its casino, is situated on the bay of Les Sablone. 

Farunt. — Hoteli. At ParamZ-Ui-Bnin. alunl ■/• »■ from St. Balo 
by theSmon(triunwaj): *Gbahd Baitj, ui.Pxmnt, adjoining theCailno, 
flwt class, E. 3-e, Mj, SVj> D- *'/i(r-l DiJODii-TguciB, a. wfih ifa-Tiew 
trom 6 tr.i BaiaiOL-Piiioe, witti isrrace and garden facing the eea, R. 4, 
_ ... ..... - i^jenijljii f, _4t^inim(min,aliooti/.M.t«rth«on: 

IK (English Uodlady), pens, from 10 fr. per neck | Qvic- 

1 Coi 


month 2S fr. ; for 2 peri., 10, 30, (0 fr. 

Engliah ObuiebfM. Jola ihiBatitM), Rue Dcfuay-Trouin; Bervicee at 
0.30 and G; cbaplaln, Rn. B. F. J. Martin. 

Paraini{5I40inhab.) is formed of three distinct parts ; Faraml- 
Itt-Bains, Boditbonnt, both of recent origin, and the tillage of 
Farami, sltnated at a short distance from the sea, on the road to 
Gancale (see p. 224). Param4-les-Bains consisu mainly of the hotels 
aud caelno, with a paved terrace and a fine sandy beach, but the 
surroundings are flat and sbadeless, and there is no promenade ex- 
cept the terrace, tiochebonne, 1^/4 M. from St. Malo, is more pleas- 
antly situated and less eipensive. 

Betlitnnf (Grand USlel), l>/i M. (rom RocbeboDne, and La (Mmerait 


4 Route do 


Dinard. - 

Hotel*. RoTtl, III elui. 





DiHiSB, »lth t »e»-Tlew, 


th. b»eh, DE 


HDaoi, njns. 

tt-W^'s ft" froL™t!"l. 



nCMinoi 'dk lA Viu-iK, 

on tbe <| 

aV,tf.l DSL 

1 BAIEi Hdi. Blex. DK T.1 

Piix: B 


'/*. i^j. »A, D. 9, pw... 8-13 fr. ■ 


i^n com'pl"' i'^.. to 


thSO, .eui>n65ft., t«t 

W, iB, 

.to Sl.llMo«»ep.2ai). 

SMun Tnm 

w«y from the itation to 

«. Ent at. St. 


flrioc (Ge« b 

lovfl. — DiUge^ct thrlee 


o-«fr (p. na 

ind (IBV. M.| ai. C<ut (ia 



The at.imb. 

>t. from St. Mtlo to Din 



iDglieh Ohsmh (SI. Barllulomrui, aErilcei st 11 and 6.90: ebLnlsln, 
Btt. N. Andrimi, U. i. 

Dinard is b modein town with 4787 intmb., picturesquely 
«i(nsted od a coEk; promontory on tbe left liank of the eatasry of 
the Ranee, opposite St. Mslo and St. Servan. It Ib tbe leading sea- 
bathing resort in Brittany owing to its attrictive site, its Bpicious 
Bandy beacb , its picturesque views, and ils pleaEant walks. The 
environa are apiinkled with vtllas, and it is much frequented b; 
Englleh visitors. 

The Qrive dt I'Edutt, the chief bathing- beacb, with tbe Casino, 
faces the open sea, between the Pointt dt Dinatd (to tbe S. of which 
passengers tsom St. Malo land] and tbe promontory of La Malouint. 
It may be reached either direct vl£ the Grande Rue and tbe Rue de 
I'Ecluse (to the right), or (preferable for walkers) by a footpath 
ascending the Pointe de Dinard and then akirtiog the shore. — 
The other bathing-establishment fOtive dv Priaire) is an the bay 
of Dinard. Tbe Pointe dt la Vieomti, farther S., commands a flne 
view of the estuary of the Uance. 

St. £na[At (Haiti de la Uvi du Etraant't << it Bl. Enogal, penl. 
67 fr., well spoken of; furnishEil vUlas), a large village about •/•«. from 
Dinard, beyond tbe second promontDtT of La UilouiDe, Is alio a faTourila 
belhing-reioit. — Bt. Luneire ('Grand USUI; SI. lunaini * FarU) and 
St. Biiai (/Itlel del fimorama, on Ihe beacb. peoi, Itr.; du Cailre), i'jt 

Bt DJnird or SI. Halo. It la advisable to p.ake es'iuiriel beforeband. 

e. Exennions from 8t- Molo. 

C<mp. On Maft lo At right aid lift of llit Plan al p. 330. 

To Ctmoals. 3 M. Saom-Tramwa^ (fares 1 fr. 20 »na83 c) vii J-uromi 

(p. 323), la Bct^laii, 81. MiloO-ia-0«da, mi (9 M.) SI. Ofl'xnb. Omnibus 

from La Ooiiesni^ie (p. 220) 1 fr). — Brancb also to La Bimlt (p. 33Gt 

Ifr. 2C. eOe.). SUamtri lomeUmei ply to OancMs In Iba seMOo (there 

of St. M<Uo. MONT ST. MICHEL. 30. Boult. iiO 

of tha same name, also uUed. tbe bar of St. Michel. Its imall hiir- 
bouc, known as La Boalt, lies about '/^ M. to the S. The leading 
industry of the lowu ia the cesring of oyGteis, which enjoy a high 
TBpntation. The oyster-beds cover a total area of 430 acres. The 
Rochert de Canealt form an islet well seen from the neighbourhood 
of the town. The height above the bay also commandsanoble'l'ieiD. 

To Xont Bt. Kiehel. Bailaet to (38 U.) Pontortm In lV<-3 hrs. 
(r^ies 1 fr. m, 3 ti. 3C, 2 ft. IK c). Siram Trammv Ibence (o (7 M.) Jfmi 
;Sf. HHcIUI Id Vi hr. (f^ras 1 [i. IS, 86. S5 c.}. Carriast (1-3 pen.), 10-12 fr. — 
atiamrt lomellmBS ply to Hont St. Mlcbel in Iha BBUon (tlisce and bicb Sfc). 

Fiom St. Malo to (16 M.) Dot, where we change cairiages, eee 
p. '220. — 20 M. La Bouttae; 26 M. FUint-Faugirtt, beyond which 
we ciosa the Coucsnon and the railway to Vitr^. The Couesnon is 
the boundary between Brittany and Normandy. 

28 M. PontOTton (H5tel de I'Ouast; de Bretagne, D. 2i/jfr.), a 
small seaport with 2686 inhab., at the mouth of the canalized CoueE- 
non. It is the junction of llnea to Avtanchet (GranTille ; Cherbourg) 
and to Viirl [see pp. 170 and 206). 

The Tm.uwiY to Mont St. Michel makes a wide bend round 
Pontoraon and runs to the W. of the road, joining it only at the 
embankment mentioned below. — The ciiriage-roid toroa to the 
right at the public fountain. The last portion rune along an em- 
bankment or rauseway, nearly 1 M, in length, conattacted in 1879 
across the Bay of Mont St. MUhtl, to afford access to the 'lllage at 
all states of the tide. 

On tbe Hat expanse of the Bag b/ Si. Uicha (100 >q. M.) Iha tide re. 
cede? for a distance of Ti/t M., but rnihaa in agaw quicker Ibao <i b»rse 

UWT tbe tiont). Since JSoS nearly AO,O0O acre? haTe been lecl^med from 

cirbonate of lime 0<nown as '(angue) Is tbronn op bi the 9es''^nd ii uied 
ai maniire hy the peaeanla. 

Mont St. Kiehel (•Pouiard Atnl, R. 3'/s, d*]. 2'/2, D. 3 fr.; 
•Pouiori Jeunt or St. Michel, d*j, 2, D. 2','2f*.) ia a small yiUage, 
cllngWlg io a turioii'sfy isolated rocCrTRtng'TTO ft. above the 'OcSve' 
ir sands at the end of the wide bay of the same name, about '/^ M. 

from the shore. Round the foot of the rock tun the ancient ^^F^- 
''^1'^il"'i ^ting mainly from the Ijjluient., and consisting of thick 
and totty walls, strengthened by towers and bastions. The summit 

of the rock is occupied by the boildings of the ancient monastery, 
and on the highest point of all is the church. The general effect is 
sin gnlatly pict ur es que. 

The **A BaBTT6 reached by a flight fit^teps, beginning at tha 
highest part of ttie village, or (betlerTbj the, ratfiEafts; v7Blc6 we 
aacerid opposite the II6tel Pouiarif.'T' made in aboat 
t/jbr. The bnildin gs, lar gely hewn out of the rock, are of different 
lonns and Tarioua pSSTOK, feiirmost brtfiem date from th e 12-1 3th 
centuries. The largest and most interesting ia.Iiktbtwaifie, to the 

Budkkik'i Northen France. Ith Edit. 15 


Tight. Visitors ar^aij^yed daily in summei from 8 to 11 and tram 

'"^"^ • 18 9-11 and 12.30-4 ffae to the euide). 

Hoot 81. Michel wBt louWeS In 709 b; 

Pilgriins ruoTlid to tbe rosk in great nomberB. and tbeii pioui g[t1t 
ttatlr enriched (he moniitery. LesmlnE also fluuriBted beie, and in tbe 
IStbceul. the ebbey *ai known u the 'Git; of £ook»', from ita eiteosive 
eollectioD of 1188. In 1W3 Philip Augustua burned the Donasterf, then 
en EngUib possuelon, but he afterwards rebnilt it nben he hlmseir 

forlresa tbat nlcce!<fuHy deflei Henr..' y.' of England. In 1954 St. I.ooll 
visited tbe locki snd in 1169 Louis XI. founded llie knightl; order of 
SI. Uichel. Ahuaei and diaordera began to prevail among the Benedictine 
monks here, ud in 1615 the; were replaced by brethren of the order of 
St. Haur, who remaiDCd ontil the Revolotioi, llie monastery vu then 
eonverled into a prlion, but in 1G63 It wa< rsitored to iti rellgioui ubm 

eipenie it is being restored, fha Abbey of 8l. Wchaeri Hount, In the 
Bay of Peniance, wu an offshoot of Most St. Xiebel. 

ucend th« Abboi'i Stalrctat and the Brand Degrl to a platform 
(24Bft.) known as the 8mt QauUitr. from a prisoner wbo perished 
In 311 attempt to escape in the 16th century. The adjj iiniji y CTureft . 
■hegun in 1020j;i.(l)a Norman style, has undergone many mottiOca- 
tiona. TEe' central tower, with a Gothic spire, has been rebuilt in 
the original style, and since 1897 has been once more surmounted 
by a gilded bronie statae of St. Michael (total height, GOO ft.). The 
nave possessed formerly seven bays, but three have been removed. 
The beautifiil.j:hoiris in theaothic.jtXlU>f tbei£lJ),j«Dtnry. The 
interior preserves few traces of ita once lavish decoration. In the 
chap ejs of ( l^e a[aj"'''*"n .'" some int^MtuiS bas-reliefs of the 
period! lie outer gallery ^ud the t([^of tbaicvfet are reached by 
means of the 'staircasTOf iace'. — Crypt, see p. 227. 

Oa^uittiiig_tIie church we find ourselves on a level with the 
third story 'urJgLy MiTi:eUU, a huge building abutting against the 
(ock on the"S. Oil this story we visit the * Clqiat fri, i masterpiece of 
the_lM.cen''(1226-28), forming a rectangle 5rydB."loiie'i;ri6 yds. 
broad. They contain ™ tgl'JTi"' ol poliahftd caftite, 100 engaged 
in the wails and the others ranged in double arcades, with graceful 
vaults, aiid embellished witb eiquisUe oaivlngs, ' ^ffWliflll ^""'i 
and in3crijitiona."^djaceTit.ifcitba rioimitory (originally a refectory), 
of the same epoch. — We neit des^^iJ". A'l ■'^TOCoir (12th cent.), 
with the Otinireono/' La Baiue, thepriaon of Card. La Balne (p. 2fi6) 
for two yVarsprnSTJi^ple de fAjuiian (12th rent,), various other 
dungeons, and a Cr^pl used as a cemetery. The Wheel for hoiitiug 
provisions along an inclined plane is also shown. — On the second 
fl-"ir of I.a Merveille are the 'Salle ilea Chevalirn. an admirable 

from SI. Halo. MONT ST. MICHEL. 30. BouU. 227 

Bpecimao of 13th cent. arclutaFtQ^<i 92 ft. long> with depressed 
viultiflf flhfa WpU row of colnmna, and the 'Reftctory, one of the 
finest Gothic halls in Fci^ce, also dating b3tii iiisJ^A oeat, and 
diTi3wfl"tUlirC*ir parts by colamns. Before inapecting the refectory 
visitors are oauaily conducted to the Crypttdet Oros-PUieT!, beneath 
the choii of the chnich, bo called fiom its nineteen colnmns, each 
i2 ft. in diameter. — On the lowest atoiy of L» Merrellle are the 
Atmonry and the Cellar (1203), which are known as the Afonl- 
gomiriei', in meoioiy of an nnauccessCul attack by the Sire de Mont- 
gomery, leader of the Huguenots. 

In s Itne la tbe riefat of (he eilt from the Abbey is a Bmall lucal 
ifiuwm a rr.), a miuUtuie Mme. Tusiaul'a, wKU represeDtatimis of mure 
or leas latbentic iceoea Cram Ibe hiitury of the Mont. 

The loot of Iha rouk ('A br.) ean aeldom be mi<ii! rtry-sliod, u tbere is 
uiiully a certain deplb of irater near Ihe cadsenay. Visitors irhn desire to 
walk on tlia iiwds should careTully ascertain the bouu of the Udes (p. 2^). 

To Dinan. a. Bi thb Kakci, IT'/i 

STIulDSd bj ._. 

nt; from Dinard, '!, 

\g at liouTi determlDed b^ tbe Ude (see tbe bills), fiam the 
quay ncBT laa Porte St. Vincent; from Biaard, >/i hr. latei. The boats do 
not always relaTii tbe sitdb day. Fares, abont i-i fr., according to class; 
retarn-tlckete 'M <^' "tra 

Tbii is a very i^reeable sicurslon, though the beauties of tbe Bance 
do not, pepbape, quite justify their local rcpolalioo. Tlie banks are pictur- 
es^tne, but hardly bold enougb In comparison with tbe breadlb of the 
stream, eicepi In the neiehtlourhood of Dinan, and the general (Sect wants 
Tailety. II is, therefore, hardly adrleable both to ^ and come by tbe river, 
espeelally as the Interval allowed by the ileamer Is not long enough for 
the Fraper Insjeotlon of the inUreitlng town at Dinan. 

The eteamei tonches at i>inafii (p. 224). We have a One retro- 
spect of St. Halo, and then (to the left) of St Seiran, with tbe 
Toot de SoUdor and tbe roadstead. On the RorAer de BUmc, between 
St. Servan and the Fointe de la Vicomt^ (p. 224), rises a colossal 
flgare of the Virgin (40 ft. high), by Gaiavaniez. Farther on, to 
the right, appear La Richardaia, tiie Polnte de Cancaval, and Mont ■ 
Maria. The little tower rising from the river is named the Tour de» 
Zibret, The wide Bait de St. Jouan, and other picturesque inlets 
appear to the left. SI, Bullae, on a small sheltered bay to the left, 
has an interesting choich of the 13th century. Behind us, to the 
tight, iB Lt MinSiic. To the left U the Fointe du Qarrot, and on the 
suoceadins height, Lf YilU-H-lfonait. 

The channel contracts at the PoJnte St, Jean , which is about 
halfway to Dinan; opposite rises the pictutesquelf'Situated ChAteati 
de la Boehe. The river tgain eipande. In the distance, to the left, 
rises the church of PUvdihtn. To the right, above a milt, lies 
Plouer, The modem tower of CItlni-Vert Is a pictureaqae object 
as we look back apon it. To the left Is Mordreuc. The channel 
again narrows considerably and the banks become wooded. To the 
left fs the attractive little valley of the Prat. Above the wooded bank 
rise rocky heights. At a cnrve of the river we see the imposing Via- 

22ii BonttSO. DINAN. SxcuriUm*, 

duct OD (he railway from Dal to Dinan, 106 ft higb. Fine view 
behiad na and picturesque locks (to tlie left %s Demoiselle'). A 
little beyond tbe likduct, is the Lock of Le ChatelUr. Tbe sutplna 
wSitei of the river eomeliniea eEcapea in a pretty witerf&ll (to the 
left). The banks now become low and tbe icenery monotanoua. 
To the left Is the fins Ckittau de Grillemont; to the right are cliffa, 
and in front appears Dinan. Farther on we eee, to the left, mora 
wooded ellffa and obtain a pictureaqoe view of tbe town end viaduif. 
Dinan, aee below, Omnibna to tha station, on tbe othei side of 

From St. Halo to (16 H) Vol, see p. 220. Ftom Dol to (32 M.) 
Dtnan, eee p. 179 ; Ihie line ia a continuation towards the W. of that 
from Pontoraon (p. 225). 

32 M. SiiiEUi (see Plan, p. 220). — Hotali. Dk Buixghe, Place 
DudoE, R.S-9,B.1V4, d^i.S.D.SVi, pau.M5fr.i di u Posti, Place 
DDguesclin, E. S, B. 1, itj. 6, D. 3'k tl. Oncl. wins), peiu. 10 b. i di P^ua, 
Bub Thien, R. V/,, aj.V/,, D. S'/i (incl. wine), peni. Vhlr., good: Di 
l'Echopii, at th« B»tion, dej. 1, D. 2'/, fr. —Jlm4. SI. OaTi Aoiteii, BeUsvue, 
La» Bultcfl. — Railtaaf/ Rutaurcml. 

Steunlmtt to SI, Halo, alarting ^om the harbonr near the old bridEC, 
at variable bouie, annouDced od blUi peeled In Ibe Iowa (comp. p. 3£i). 

Sncliah Oliiiiiih (ChriU CtorcA>, in Ihe Pellta-Pou^t (aervicea ai 11 
and 6); cliaplaLn, Stt. O. F. Itif, M. A. 

Dinan, an ancient town of 10,634 Inhab., witb cnrions and pictar* 
eaqne honses and streeta, is finely eltnated on a beigbt on the left 
bank of the Bsnce. 

Quitting the atation, we follow the Rne Thiers to the fine promen- 
ade known as the Brandt-Fouft. Farther on, beyond the little Place 
Daclos, tbe Ptlili-Fouis diverges to tbe light. On both sides con- 
tiderablB remains of the Ramfortt of the 13th and 11th cent, are 
BtUl extant. Near the end of the Petlta-FoH^a is the ch&tesa (see 
below). The submb to the right is largely Inhabited by the English 
colony (abont 350). 

Ftom the haiboor we ascend t« the viadact, whence we reach tbe 
centre of the (own, and visit the promenades and tbe chateau last. 
— In the Place Duclos is the H6tel dt VlUe, a modem bnUdlng, 
contuning a small but Intereettng Mu$it, with collaetiona of all 
kinds (antiquities, coine, fnnerat monuments, objecta of natural 
blatory, etc.). — The street to the left leads to the PUtee Dvgaeielln, 
embellished with an equestrian statue of tbe ConniuAU Ihiguticlin, 
who recaptured tbe town from the Engliah in 1359, by Frjmiet 
(1903). The Place occupies the site of the field in which he defeated 
In single combat an Engliah knight, named by the Breton chronidets 
'Sir Thomaa of Cantorbtry'. — Farther on, to the right, Is the CcMU, 
now a prison, the donjon of which (1 12 ft. in height) la nsnally shown 

/Vom Si. Malo. DINAS. 30. Roatt. 229 

to Tisltorg OQ applicttlon. It ia partly built into the ancient valts 
and balongs to tbe same «poch (14th cant.]. The exterior o( this an- 
cient pile is best viewed fiom the Petlte-Fossfs, a Ihtle faithet on. 

The Rne do Ch&tean leads to the most pictuiesqiie parts of the 
town, sklitlng the hase of steep locke, tiU It reaches the banks of 
the Bance, the vooded channel of which offets Tatious attcactive 
TieWB. The river Is spanned by an imposing stone 'rfarfuji, 270yds. 
long and 130 ft. high. — Thence we ascend direct to the centre of the 
town, the narrow streets of which contain many quaint old houses. 

The chntch of St. Suuueur, in the nelgbbonrbood, to the left, is 
a curious edifice, the right side of which is Romanesque, the left 
Gothic. Tbe Romanesque portal is nnfortunately in very bad pre- 
servation. The right wall U adorned on the exterior with arcades 
and mouldings, and a tasteful Gothic chapel was added at the third 
bay in the 16tii century. There Is but one aisle, consisting ot the 
Qothic part of the W. arm. Tbe cboh is also Gothic. The holy- 
water basin, supported by Caryatides, to the left of tbe entrance, 
dates from the 12th century. In the N. transept is a stone marking 
the spot where the heart of Bertrand Duguesclin is buried; and in 
one of the choir- chap els, on the same side, are two tasteful Ootbic 
credences. — The cemetery of this church is now a Public Oarden 

The narrow street opposite the left transept is continued by tbe 
Rue Croii-Qnart to the old Bite du Jtnual, leading to tbe Forte da 
Jertunl, one of the most curious parts of the old town, Ootbic out- 
side and Romanesque within, A little to the left is the PorteSt. Malo, 
a similar but less interesting structure. 

The street leading to tbe S. from the Porte St. Halo debouches 
in the Eue de I'Horloge, neat the 16th cent. Tour de I'Horloge. 
Short of the tower, on the right, is tbe Place des Cordeliers, beyond 
which is the Grande Rue, leading back to the H6tel de Vllle. 

8t. Malo, to the right, near the latter, is a large church of the 
l&tb cent., the W. arm of which was rebuilt in 1865-65. In the 
interior is a large modern painting by Archenanit, representing 
Christ trinmphing over Death and Sin. Tbe handsome high-altar 
has bas-reliefs from the life of St. Mate, and a statue of that saint, 
by Savary. 

About >/< H' to the S. of Dinui is Lihcy, with a ruined chateau of 
lbs 13-13111 cent., mi the church ind attaer lemaiua ot a prior? of the 
13lh CBDtuiy. — The CMIiau di la CoaianaU (iSth cent.) is pleturesiinelT 
situated ahoDt I'l, H. to the H. Other eicuriloos mar be made (o tbe 
ehlteau of La BHtiir4 (5V< U.), formerly tbe reaidance oCDuBueadin'a wife, 
tbe Lady TiptielDe, with <ta curloua oclaeoaal ehlmnersi and ta the cbilleeii 
otLaOarati, famoaa for the charity and lelf-aieriQce of Clande Touiaalut, 
Comte de la Oaraye, and hli wife, whuae atorv bai been pleasantly veril- 
fled by Hrs. Norton. 

It^lmy to LoBibaUt, joining the line to Brest, aee p. 179. 

A branch-railway, 13 M. long, rung riom Dlnan to Dluwd (p. m, 

Sassins Bt. Samim, FUilin-FliHilr, and FlmrtuU. — Another runs Mlibe 
., U> 0iTt.) La BrnMniin (p. 210), on lbs line ttoa Benn^a to Breat. 

31. ^From PwiB to HuitaB. 
«. Tifc !>• Ibuu, Sabli, and AngsTt. 

2U If . KuLWit in 7V)-13</< hn. (hna U (i. 49, 90 fr. ( 

Tlu Inlu «tut from tbe Otn VonlpanuH (ice PI. Q, IB. .. _. 

de Fer dc I'Onut, left buk) or the am St. Luue (nllwir of tbe rlEhl 
UiikiPI.C,18)ieomp.p.lBl. — PromLellan>to4>;n,a)M.lBl>/i-3>/tbii. 
<lua 11 tt. ID, T fr. W, t tr. Si c.X — ynm Annn to ATiwtu, W/i ■., la 
I'/rS bn. (fare* 9 fr. S&, 6 fr. 6fi, 4 fr. 3& c). 

From Pari* to (131 M^f ^ Hg... we ^p. 1 91-191 . — On Iwving 
Le Hans, our line crosses th« Sartht anddiierges to the left from the 
llnoe to Rennei ind Alangon, >rrording ■ fin* new ol tbe town. 
Beyond (139 H. from Pirii) Voinrei we agun cross the Sarlhe. — 
143 H. I<i Suit ruAtel dn Commerce). 

Pbok Li Sozi to La FlIciii (for Saumur ud Aneen), IS H., r^loi; 
in »l-55 min. Ifarea 3 tt. 4fi, 2 fr. 3S, 1 fr. I» c). — Be;ond tbe TllligB 

of (13>/i X.I riliabiu aai line li Joined, on Iba tiebt, by > bi ■- ~" 

- -Biond(lflM.) FnroiitherJlwej 

rlgbl (p. 242). — 19 M. Ln Flecbe (tISItl it rimagij, 
9 loliib. - ---* - -- ■-■- ■- — -- • --- 

luxii irltb 10,619 iobeb., liluited on the Leir, la ebletly funou for Itj 
Pr^lanii. a mllltarr college for Ibe 10111 of offieen. It oeeuplei u old 
Jeaull college, fouoded by Henri iV Id IfiU, the moBt funooe pupil of 
nhleb wu Dacarla ((£138-1650), (he phlloMphei. The merket-ptue la edoro - 
ed with B broBH eUloe of BmH IV, by Bouoasaleiii. 

From LaFl&ehe to Anfn, tee p. "aZi lo AuMgnt (loani, ■«p.20li 
la SabU, *ee below. 

From La Fliche the line ia prolonced lo C33'/> >-) Soobuit, vuHbi 
(12V> «-) Baufi (LloD d'Oi), ■ (mall town on the Omanta, wllh u old 
ehatean of the IMb cent., and (21 M.) lAmgut (Sea), inathet amall town, 
btyuDd which the Use jolna the raUway from Ghartrea to Sanmur (p. 19t}. 

Beyond La Saze oai line croEBet the Sntbe for a thiid time. 
the 17th century. 
with 5600 tnhab., 
pleasantly altnated on the Sarthe, has an ISth cent. ChSUau and a 
ruined Caftle. In the vicinity are large qnairies of black marble. 

AboDl 2 H. lo Ihe N.E. (aninihui) la Soleamea riKUl Prtav), celebrated 
for 111 fieDedlellae Abtty, which wu abinaoued in 1901 aa a reault uf the 

lure dkllng Cioia ltlie-l[i60, lepreMnting Ihe BnlumbmeDt of Cfariat and 

lobildiary dgnret, and adorned with bai-relicfa and other aeulptnral 
urnamentatioD- Some of the facep, especially Harr Hagdalen>, are wonder- 
fully Bxpreaslve. Tbe figure of Jooepb of Arlmatbra ia auppoaed lo be a 
porlndt of Elng Ben^ <d. 1480). 

FtoH BablS to La FLtoHE, 20 H., railway Id 1 hr. — Tbe train paaaei 
(brough a tanoel and croaiea lb? Sarthi. La Chaptlli-du-Cht»i (ll/i H.) 
owea Ila name to a chapel dedicated lo the Virgin (recently rebuilt), wUch 
baa been a pUsrlmige- resort aince tbe beglniilag of tbe leth cantury. 
Before reaching (16Vi M .) Fmon our line jolna Ibi line from Ij Sate (ace 
above). — 30 M. £a ritcHt, sea above. 

E^tway lo Aanlet ria Sigrt, leg p. 332; tn ami-it-OnOliami, p. 202. 

Beyond Sabl£ the railway to Angers ciosses the Saiths for the 

last time, but continvee to (allow its valley (or some distance. ITS H. 

Tient, to the left, with a line modern obiiroh. We cioii the to(r, 

an affluent of the Saitha, before Teaching (iSiVs MO ^<> Sylvain^ 

ANCEHIS. 31. Routt. 231 

BrioUay. — I87'/a M. Btou^mK is situated it the confluence at 
llie Saithe and the May/tnnt, vrhich combine to form the iiaint. 
Psssengeis lot Segif and foi the Qsie St. Seige at Angers (see 
p. !235) change carriages here. We hsTC a floe view to the right of 
Angers, with the towers oC St. Maurice and St. Joseph. 

At (I9O1/2 M.) La WoMre-Ecoie we. Join the line from Organs 
Cp. 236). — i9ijd._Ange™ fprinoipal station), '" r ''¥■ 

Our line descendsllievaUer of the Maine, wblcli it cro sees before 
reaching tbe next station. 196 U. La Pomlt, near the cooDuence of 
tbe Maine and the Loire. The line hencefoith foUon's the right bank 
of the latter. Fine viewsof the opposite bank. 19tJM. Les C'orjFes. — 
201 M. La Fasionniitc (bttSTet). 

Fboh L( PosaotmaHB to Cholei, 3T K., railway Id ii^lVihr. (farea 
i it. 40, 3 tr. 3D, 2 fi. 10 c). — Tbe train croiaea the Loire, i'li H, dm- 
loiHM, a lowD wilh UTO inliab., IVi U. to lbs W. Branch- 1 luiu cun heace 
to Pcrraii-JiHiomttt (IT U.) and to Bttuxrim (Hot. de France}, on the ftra, 
\li. Prt-m-Kaogii. — IS M. Clumaii. a manuracturlng town ( JSSfi Inhab.)- — 
27 H. CAdOf (Hdt. da France) de I'Enrope), see Batdeia--! Sou!lier<i France. 

204 M. SI. GeoTffti'HiT-Loire (H6t. de la Qare). The town, -with 
a rained abbey, lies 2 M. to tbe N. of tbe station. 

Abool i M. (0 (he N.E. ia the CAtUuu A Btrranl, dating from tbe 
IS-iSth cant., one or the finest of the numerons thataaui o( the diitcicl. 
The chapel conUine the monument of the Marquis de Vaubrun, one of 

Beyond [209 M.) ChamptoeS, to the right, are the ruins of its 
15th cent, diatean, once the abode of the wicked QUleB de Laval, 
Selgnenr de Retz, notorious for his excesses and cruelty. He was 
known as 'Barbe Bleua' and Is supposed to be the oiiginal at the 
Blue Beard of the nursery tsle. Ho was executed at Nantes in lUO. 

FromC2l7M.;rarod« an omnibus runs to [li/.M.) Si. Ftorml- 
U-Vitil, the church of which contains tbe fine monument of the 
Vendean general Bonobamp [1769-93), by David d'Angers. SUOVa M. 
AneU. The railway now quits the Loire. 

225 M. Anctnii (BGt. des Voyageurs), a town with 5200 inhab., 
has a chateaa of the 18th cent., with parts dating from the 15lh, 
situated to tiie left, on (be bank of the Loire. Joachim du BtUay, 
the poet [1524-60), a native of the town, is commemorated by a 
monument here (1894). — 231 M. Oudon still preeerves the fine 
donjon ot its 16th cent, castle, restored [to tbe right). 

ruins of a huge m'ediievil easUe, >nd'. church nilhwoik* ot art by Main- 
dron (leol-ai), a native sculptor, and otherj. 

The vaUey of the Loire now becooies more Irregular. On a beigbl 
on the left bank rises the OiSleau de la Varennc. ~ Several small 
stations. ^ In entering (246 M.) Hantes [p. 243) we pass under 
the railway to Paris via SegrS (see below), with the line to La 
Rocbe-sur-Ton and its two bridges on the left, and tbe line to 
Cblteanbriant (see below) on the right, 

232 Bouuat. OHATEAUBRIANT. From ParU 

b. Tift L« lUni, SabU, and Sagri. 

I8t. SasaiTt. Lorient. Quimptr.) 

216'^ V' RailWjit In S-ISV:! I>». (faiet u bj BB, i >nd e). Tha 
traliu Stan from the Qan St. Lnzkrs or tbe Oire HoDtpirniisae (•» tbe 
Indlcateur) and nacb Vaolel at tbe Qm de I'EUt (p. S43J, not M tbe 
Qart d'Od^na. Tbe direcl tnlns to ^ Xaiairi aod IsHmt-Qirtiiipa- run 
Tii g«;r^ (Boe below and R. 34). 

From Paris M (161 M.) 8abU, see p. 230. The line to Angers 
now diveigoB to tbo left. 168 M. Ortt-en-Bouirt, the birthplace of 
Colonel de Villebois-Mareuil (1847-1900), wbo fell in the Boer 
ranks during the South African var. He is commemorated by a 
bronie bust. ^ 176 M. Qennts-Longuefayt, the janctlon of a Une 

180 M. Chfttean-OontiOT [HOttt dt VEuropt; da Dattpkin, on 
the qnay), a town of 7C80 inhab., pleaaantly situated on the right 
bank of the Mayennt, with chalybeate springB and a bathing eetab- 
lishment. The church of Si. Jean, in the Romanesque style of the 
11th cent, (freely restored], is the only relic of its castle, 
ip. SSB). The vojagB is long and uninlercaUne. 

The line now crosees the Mayenne, and passes (to tha left) the 
CbSUan of 81. Oum, dating from the 15lh century. — ISS'/j M. 
Chemoiii hranch-line to (B'/j M.) Croon, see p. 203. — 191 M. La 
Ftrritre. We cross the Oudon near Segr^. 

196 M, tegii(DtlaPoitc! delaaare), with 3983iiihab,, is the 
junction of a line to Angeie and of the direct line to St. Nazaire. 
n. ., ,.n., .laif. Eouana* (tfpoBij- 

■Qda (iVe'niodwn SiteiuViiraVch-fine In OaM.jiataiCp.afO). 
^D 1. L,aateaDbrluit (BmJUH saul it la PbiU; du ComnvroJ, a town 
Willi TSSl inhab., on Ihe CWr«, la known for an eaicl agalnat the Prot- 
estant. il=ufd here l,j Henri 11 (IKl). II contains an Lnterealing CMItam, 

iw«D l&ll and 1036, now occupied b; ibe priion. rarlous pnblio ofdeei, 
and a BmaU Huiii. In tbe N.W. suburb, Biri, ia the old priorr-cbureh 
of SI. Jtm (12lh cenl.J, — A brancb-iina runs henee ila Bixfi, fi-«J-m- 
Lamti, aod Batit-de-Breafni, la (^S'/i K.) Mutai (p. 309), eoiiie oi thence 
Id <&8 M.) Pkurmel (p. 253). S learn -Iramw ays pi; to (12 M.) La Olaptllf 
main sod to ('<i/i H.) SI. Julint-di- Vatmnla. Ruilwaya 10 Tltr« and Bennei, 
ee pp. 205, 3iOi to Nantea. aee p. JCO, 

Prom (S3</| M.) SI. yijta-l-da-Landa a branch-line mna to 09i/a H.) 

Thii I'l Ibe iborieat route from Paris lo LoriB^i and QMmprr (E. 34). 

Al (63'/. M.) Blain (Boult iOr) Is mined ehiieau (IS-Kth cenl.) of 
the Cllisona ai^d Rohans. We cross the canal frcim Nantes ID Brut, and 
beyond (M'/i M.) Gampbtn infenccl Ihe rsilwa; from Kanlei to Brest. 
TB M. San *-/■<". I- CTd«o« is connecled by a (borl branch-line with (H'/l M-) 
ft>n(-ratf(m«, on the Nantes and Brest railway (p. 261). At ITB M.) *m(o(i- 
we JDtn Ibe railway from Ntnlea lo St. NaiJce. — K2 M. «. ITmiain, 
see p. 261. 

■200 M. ChaU-mT-Argot. —- 201 M. AngrU-Loiri. Angria, to 
the left of the line, has & fine modern ch^ten. — 2(^ M. Candf, a 

to SaMt$. CIN0-HAR3. 31. RouU. 233 

small town on the Erdrt, the T&Uey of which we now >u«Dd. — 

215 M. St. Maiti-ta-JaiUt, with > chSteau of the 18th cent.; 222 H. 
TtilU; 238 M. Cargue/ou, with a haudaome Gotbic church. — 
243'/^ H. Doulon, alao reached by tramway from Nantes. — We 
soon eroM one of the arms of the Loire, ohtalning a view of Nantes 
to the Tight 

246V2 H. KuitM, Gare de I'EUt, eee p. 243. 

0. Titt OrUana and Tonri. 

265 M. OatSiBS a.n.wiT (PI. 0.26i p. 1) la TI/rlTV. hrt. ('»»» M fr, 
i5, BO St. B, 19 fr. eo c). - From Tours to Angv-t, 6T M., in M'/j trf. 
(rarFalSrr.SO, afr.lB, lifr.SOc). from Tours to JTanlin, 22 )t., ia l-6>/i hrs. 
(fuu 32 fr. fi, 16 Fr. 90, fl fi. BSc). — Paaseaeer* bv the eipnei-lruiD, 
with thrgiigli-lic*«t<, go dirwl from St. Pierre-dei-dorpl (p, 268) to a»- 
vonnit™ wlUioat entering Tobm. FiDeat .iewi to the left. 

From Paris to [76 M.) OHlam and [145 M,) Tows, aee 11. 36. 

— On leaving Tears, oar line diverges to the right from the linei 
to OrUans and Bordeaux, pasaes underneath the line to Lea Sables 
d'GIonne, and diverges to the left frota the lines to VendAma and Le 
Hans. To tbe right Qows the Loire, to the left the r%<r. — 153>/{ U. 
(from Paris) Savonniiru has some interesting caves (1-4 pers. 2(t.). 

— Wb then cross the Loire, not far from its confluence with the 
Cher. The towers of Cinq-Mars come into view on the right 

158 H, Cinq-MoTt, a village with many of Its houses cut out 
of the rock , as at other places on this line. It contains the ruins of 
thechiteau of theHaiquis of Cinq-Mars, the favourite of Louis S1IL, 
who was beheaded at Lyons in 1642, along with his friend De Thou, 
for having conspired against Richelieu. About 1 M. to the E. stands 
the PHt it dtxq-Mart, a solid tower without doors or windows, 9o ft 
high and abont 16 ft. in diameter, crowned by four smalt pyra- 
mids ; it is probably of Roman origin and is Eupposed to be a funeral 
monument or a beacon marking the confluenre of the Loire and 
Cher. Tbe line still continues to aklrt tbe right bank of the Loire. 

— 161 H. Langeiiii (Lion d'Or), a pleasant town with 3300 Inhab., 
has » 'ChSltau regarded as a marterpiefe of 15tt cent, military 
architecture (visitors admitted). Near it are the ruins of a donjon 
of the 10-llth centuries. — 1661/2 M, H. Patrict. The ChSUav de 
Bochecotle, '/? M. to the W., contains some artistic collections. 

From (174 M.) Port-Boulet branch - railways ran to Chaieau- 
rmaaU (p. 269) and to (9 M.) ainon (p. 283). — 179 M. Va- 
rermei-tut' Loire. Before reaching Saumur we see, to the left, tbe 
bridge carrying the Cbemin de Fcr de I'Etat across ths Loire (p. 196) 

184 M. Banmnr. — Hstala. 'BnoAH, al the bridge, oppmlte (be 
theiire, -DE L> Pan. Kae Dselcr; di Lokdbrs, Bub d'Orlriani 18, com- 

Oaba, Par dm 

■e Vk, P" br. 2 fr. - TiMW. 

lean, tbroogb tbe ( 

IDwn 10 F«(.«-o^Jl (p. 235) and 

ai/i M. to the ».W 

. F.WB 10 Ibe town (Place da 

Pait ft Triagnph OMcc, idjoii 

lUUirij BUtion.. aariieOrU ..,,._._. 

wiTi fiore d> j'ffai, on tbe'plhei tide of the torn, I'/t M. from the Gtra 
d'Orl^uia, ror tbc iJov tiilna ot the Ligna da I'Elit <«nop. p. 196). ' 

5aumur, m old to\ni with 16,223 tnbab., is eitasted on the left 
bank of the Loire and on an island la Ibe riTei. At the end of the 
16th cent, it w»s one of the ehlef Btrongholfls of ProWatantisin in 
France, and it was the eeat of a Pcoteltant nnivereity previous to 
the relocation of the Edict of Nantea. At that time (1685) ita 
prosperity greatly declined, owing to the eipuUion of the Hugue- 
nots, but it began to revive in 1T68, when a iarge Cavsliy School 
was fonnded here. Its sparkling wines have some reputation. The 
town proper ia bai-ked on the S.E. by a hill crowned with wind- 
milts and a Caitlt of the lltb, 13tb, and 16tb cent, (uninteresting). 

Leaving the Oare d'Oritfans, we cross the rivet and tbe Island, 
on which are the ruins of a ChSteati of the Quttn of SkUy, built by 
Ring Ren£ of Anjoa (15th cent.). We enter the town by the Place 
de la Bilsnge, at the ends of the Rues d'OriSans and de Bordeaui, 
which traverse the whole town. To the left stands the handsome 
Theatre, built in 1864. Behind it is the Gothic Hotel de Ville, 
mainly of the 16lh cent., containing a smaU musenm (open on 
Snn, * Thura., 12-4; closed in Sept.; entr. in the street to the 
left). Adjacent (No. 3, Rue Cours 9t, Jean) is the entrance to 
the pretty Oiapelte 81. Jean, in the Romanesque and Gothic styles, 
with fine vaulting (when cloaed, apply at 26 Rue St. Jean). — Tbe 
Rue St. Jean leads to tbe left to tbe church of 5(. PUne, a building 
of the 13th cent., with a facade of the 17th century. The S. transept 
ends in a Bne Romanesque portal. The beautiful cboir-etAlls date 
tmm the 15th century. The sacristy contains two fine pieces of 
Upestry (16th cent.). — About Va H- to the E. is Noln-Dame-dei- 
Ardttiiert, a domed church of the 16-17 th cent (interesting interior), 
at the foot of the Bntte des Moulina (view of the Loire). 

The quarter at the foot of the hill, beyond St Pierre, contains 
the Prottitant Church (in the cUa^cal style), the CoUigt, the 
Jardin d« Ptantei, and Notre-Dame-de-Nantilly, The eitorior of 
thia church is uninteresting, with the exception of the portal, which 
belongs to the original edifliie but has been apoiied. The interior, 
however, partly Romanesque (ll-]2th cent.) and partly Gothic, 
la noteworthy and contains some important works of art (bas- 
relieh, tapestry of the 15-18tb cent, an oratory made for Louts XI,, 
etc.). — The street opposite this church passes near the Qare de 
1'Etat and ends near the Pont Foucard, which we cross to reach 
Bagneux (p. 235). To re-enter the town we keep to the right. 

The EcoU de Caoalerie, a handsome building near the river, a 
Uttle below the town, contains about 400 pupils in training as 
cavalry ofDcers and riding-masters. EqnesBlan eihlhitloDi QOk- 
ronaeU') are given in the Utter half of Aug. on the Chardonnel, 


■ luburb cmUinLng ftbiniiiumBmnderTicliutch in the RomiDeaqae atjile. 
Tli< road ^rerging kt Ihli cbarch lud* to Bagnaa (>/t K. fiam Ibe bridge), 
irilb ■ Dthnm, nbich is one of tbe largEat ip eiiitEnce. It ia 66 R. long 
■nd 33 ft, wide, with an urengc beight of 9 ft., ud is comiiDiBd of 10 vet- 
Heal wid 4 hoiiioat^ etanea (apply to tbe euatodiu, in in aiULiiging hauie). 
Fboh SicmiB to FoUTITKHJtl, 10'/i«., Bleain-lnmway four tintea daily 
In 70 mln. (fare. 1 ft. 15, 1 fr. W e,)- The eats au-l at the d'OtlSmi, 
HaveMe tho FJace de l'Hfitel-Je-VJ1J«, and follow the left bank of the 
I.olte, paaaing aevetal (mall Biadooa. — 10 K-jMlareJHU, f""" *'"'' 
poaieiiM the rem^nj of lie colelJniled Abbt;/ oilhal name, fonnded in 
Iha litb rent, bj Robetl d'AtbriMel. II compriacd both a monailetr and 

head of the joint utabllsbintnt. It i< now mod as a prijon, and only 
the anoceupied parti are open to ilgiton. The ChtircK, wbicb wu built 
between 1101 and 1119 in the atfle of the cathedral of Angouleine, hu 
only one of iti otiglna] It'e Dupolas remaining. Heniy II. and RIcbatd I. 
at England, with variouB membeto of tbelt family, wete intetred in this 
chilreh, bul the lomba bate been rifled and destroyed. Foar fine tiatuel 
of the ISth cent., however, etlll lemaln, tepresenllng these two Planluenet 

Ihe Cfobivi, the n^iclory, and tbe ciuifUr Horn (ISth cenl.) are ftiso 
iBlerettlBi. The remarkable IVwd'^mwU, fiitinerly the kllchen, belongi 
lo Ihe I2lh eenlury. 

From Bauiiinr lo Charlra (PatU), eee p. 196; lo la Flirlit, p. 530. — 
TB mart (Btrdntat), a«e Bati4ier'i BtaOitm franu. 

Beyond SaumnT th« tailwsy ekirU tbe Ltvie de la Loire, a bugs 
embankment 40 M. long, which, boveTer, in spite o( its great size, 
has not always been able to piotect tbe country from the terrible 
innndaCionB oF the rlTer; It was originally constracled between At 
fltb and 13th ceotnriee. — 190 M. Lti Roslm. 

pjom '-I RfilllTrt an omnibui rnn> to (3 M.) JZlanH (fare 90 c), ■ 
Tillage altoated on the left bank of the Loire. Ahont 'iW. farther up tbe 
river la QHUMff^ wit h a m agnlBcent ^manea^ue ehureb, adotned with 
fine mnrdr pillfriBes."" TIS elaborate capilals of Ibe columne deaerre 
attention. At IWmj, 1 H. farther on, is a noble keep, 100ft. bleb. 

Beyond pOO M.) St. Malhurin the railway gradually recedes from 
the Loire as it approaches Angers. 

At (308 M.) TriUne, a village with 6430 inhab., are large 
slate -qaarriea wbicb bave been worked since Ihe middle agee 
(intereatlng to lisit). Farther on we catch eight oC the towers of the 
cathedral, lo the right, and join the railway to Faria *ja Le Mans, 
— 212 M. Angtn (Buffet), see below. — Thence to Ntuitei, see 
p. 231. 

32. Angora. 

BUUeu. Bt.Laai (PI. B,C| biffet), the ptineipal itation, to the 8., 
belonging to Ibe Compagnle d'OrUana, bat alto used by the tralni of the 
Weilem Eailway (Chemln de Fer de I'Oueit; see a. SI)) St. Strft <P1. 
V, 1), to the H., belDBglnK to the Compagnie de I'OueM, tbe itation for 
the tallway to Segt^ and LaTali La llaUri-EceH (beyond PI. O, 8; no 
cabB), lo IheB,, about the »ame distance aa tbe olhera from the centre o( 

Z6b BouU32. ANQEBS. BUtori 

the lowD, llie ItoUoii for tbe Stats Llis (LIgne de I'EUt) to Londun 
Poltlen and kIid ased by the Wetlem Rallnk; (tee above), 

Heteli. Osiud-HStel (PI. a; a, 3), Place du BAlKeDienl. B. fro 
dij.S, D. ( rr. incl. wine, well apoken of^ d'Ahjou (PI. e^ F,4), Bnnle 

e 8.un.ilr, R. from Vh, B. il/,, d^j 
^HEVti, Ili,>»G (Fl, b^E, 1), Bne 8t. , 

OtlH to the Place du RalllemeDt, >l the Orand-Hatel. ted at tut 
Ibeiitrei Ormd Cafi da Bttitmrd, Unul. de Banmiir. 

0»bi. Willi on* hotse, per drlTS 76 c., per, at nigbl (10.8) 
i>/i >Dd 2 h.j wltb too boraea, li/i. ?fi, 1, and 3 fr. 

ElaiM* TnmiraTi. From tbe Qart SI. Laud (PI. E, Ci) tQ tbe Sara 
SI. SsrvXPl.D, J) Tia the Place du Ralllement (Pi. E,S) or vlil tbe Boule- 
>ard>; to tbe Kwlt ds n<rf> (PI. Q, 1). — From (he Plaa da RaUlmtnl 
(Fl.£,3)totbena<:(£i'onr>aii>(PI.A,%; to theX<idil(iH(be)a[id PI.F,G,4), 
two ri'utea: to tbe O^nO (on tbe B.) via the Oktb St. Land (PI. B.5); to 
{»/, M.) 7V-*lfl<() (p. 2*2); to (8 M.) FoaU-di-a (p. 341} and (4'A M.) rrtjn*. 
Farea iOc, IS c. witb correaponduicei antalde the town 30 and 26 c 

Poat ud Telegraph Ofaoe, Place du Ralliement. 

American Oeninlsr Agent, J. S. Lwnaai. . 

Angtra, the Andtgavia of the RomanB, afterwuds the capital of 
Anjou, and now the eapltal of the department of Malne-et-Loirt, 
is Ml ancient and prosperous t»wn witb 82,3^3 inhab., advantage- 
oosly eitnated on the navigable rivei Maine, which Joins the Loire 
b H. farther down. The town proper lies on the left hank, and tb» 
Buburh of La Dovtrt on the right bank. Angers was tormerlr very 
badty built and vai known as the 'Black Town' on account of Ifg 
Eombre appearance, but in the 19th cent, it underwent an almoBt 
complete transformation. Its ancient ramparts were replaced by 
handsome houleTards adjoined by modern suburbs, new streets were 
opened up, others were widened and etralgbtened, and nnmerons 
large edifices, quays, and bridges were constrnctad. 

The blalory of Angers ii pTacUcally Identical with that oT Anjen, one 
of tbe great Dera of France, the biitortcal promlnencs or which, out d( 
all keeping wltb a diitrict lo deatllute of geogiaphlcal Indl'IdnaUty, la 
due. u Kr. Preemui remarks, almost eotliel; to tbe energy and marked 
character of lis rulers. Amung tbe most Illustrious Counts of Anjou may 
he meotlDned Robert the etrong (d. Se6],'a Tallaol aATeraar; of the Hor- 
mans and founder of IheCipet famllyi Foulques mn or Fnik the Black 
(d. 1040)1 and Foulques V., who beeamo King of Jerutslem Id IlSl. In 
1127 OeoflVey Plantuenet, son of Fulk V., married tbe Empress Hatllda, 
and the countshlp of An.! ou passed Into tbe pos.iessioD of England on tbe 

jou was reunited to Prance by rblllp Augustus, who wrested it from tbe 
feeble Jubu Lackland. In 1216 tbe province wu given by Lonil IX. to 
his brother Cburlcs, afterwards King of the Two Siciliei. II next passed 

John II. (tSM), and descended to Ben^ of Anjou (p. 2iU), at' whose death 
it was dellnilely auneied lo France by Louis XI. (14H0)- From tbat lime 

towns, from the Wars of tteligion KSflO-ga). of the League' (IB^a, and 
of La Vendue (1793). It has now an eilenlive trade lu slate. The eal- 
ebraled aculptor /lan Itirri Daztd, eenersllv known as Cndd iTJninrs 
(1788-1^66) p. 242), the chemist Ckcvreu J (1786-1839), and the punier £mn«w 
(1819-98) were nallyes of Angers. The Duke of Wellington and the Bnrl 
of Chatham received perl of their education at Angers In a milllaij col- 
leg* wbleb has ainee ^een lemoved to Banmur (p. OSi). 




Cathidral. ANQEBS. 33. RoiOi. i»7 

The Qate St. Load (PI. E, 5) lies on tbc S. eide of the town. 
From ths Pl»c6 de la Gwe we flnt proceed to the M.W, to the PloBt 
dt la Viiitation (PI. D, E, 5} »nd Iben turn to the right Into the 
Sue del Licet (PI. E, 6, 4], which croeees the Booleiaid du Roi- 
Renrf (p. 240) and pasiea between the towet of St. Aubln and the 
Pi^fectme, both relics of a BenedictlDe abbey of St. Aabin. 

period, consieting of a Bquare base Earmonnted by an octagonal 
story, with fonr turrets at the springing of the spire. In the court- 
yard of the ft;^ecltire (PI. E, 4), the entrance to whicETSTtf IBP 
atrSSTto 5i"e ngtf, fs a ecreen of JLpe ar ches of the H-12th cent., 
decorated with acalpture' iTm'paintingi'WffWr' IffF, Tergiissoh de- 
Bcdbes as uarivalled even in France 'as a specimen of elaborate 
eiuberauce in barbarous ornament'. The other parts of the building 
date from the 17th and ISth centuries. — A little to the N. of the 
Priteoture is the ancient Oiurcif^jif 5|..Martin fPl..E_il. said to 
date from the 9ih century. It is no* a mete ftagment, hot pos- 
sesses detail s, of great anti^uariari interest, ^ The Rue St. Aabin 
(Pi. E, 4) leaTs W. lo'TEe cathedr'aTTrom it diverges the Hue 
VoUaIr<(PI.E,3,4], which ends behind the theatre, near the Place 
du Ralliement, in the centre of the town (p. 243). 

The^tiudj»l.qf Jt. Haariott (PI. D, 3, 4) is an interesting 
Romanesque and Qothic building dating from the U^^tikCWti 
eicepTnn'^piFes of the two flanking towers of the W, front and 
the whole of the tower between them, which were added in the 
16th century. The eight stataes ot warriors on the central tower, 
which is Burmonnled by an octagonal dome, also date from the 16th 
century. The Fa(ade, originally too nanow, has been farther spoiled 
by the addition of this tower, but is adorned with interesting carv- 
ings of the 12lh cent, recently restored and renewed, like many 
other parts of the building. 

The tntarlor consiatt of a lon^ nsT< wlllioiil ^9l«, novel in slrle 
and of ImpoglDi: affect. The Ptmfcnl Faujflni. or depTeued eunolas. of 
the nave may be said to macrT^lraffllETdn from the Byzantine dome to 
nolned or Oolhlo vaulting. The ehlet objecu of Intereit are the aiaimd 
Slaii Kliitat, mjanlflceBl worki of tie laihJMi^ and IBth cent.; the 
Tipatry, ofWe inSffi cent-j-SIWWWrf. ttHfTfi'^ra^'AoBers, IK a chapel 
to the left; a St. CieUia, by the same muter, In (he ehoiri the Fvlpit 
(modem); and the Omaa-Loft, tnppoTted by Caryatides (IBtb cent.). To 
the left of the entrance Is a litis Valir Saila Id varde antleo, gunported 
by two *Gne liia'rTilo lioiBr »ati'T«TiiiVBTiWft' -""^'jJ •nt-^wanliiiir — 
The tomb of Renj of Anjou (p. 310) was redlscov^TSa in 1SS5 In a vault 
l^cheath the choir. 

ITie B ishop t Fajg ce, to the N. of the cathedral, is built on the 
site of an ancient castle of tbe Counts of Anjou. It dates fhim the 
1'^tli«m' I but was tboroaghly restored inside and out by VioUel- 
le-DuG In 1863-65, and now fortes an admirable example of ajnedi- 
aial myuioji. To see tbe back of i^wtfcbistiielUosVint 
ing part of the building, we de!!B7ia"iheTra"6T?tn»tia," and tv 

2d8 RotOtaS. ANGBBS. VuMum. 

the rlsht — In tbe aame iMMt, to the left, "'tjffg flU 7""^" 
HouMfj^ with catvinj. There je_»_sia jl*T ho ns^ %^?^^ttBL/iri 
■t ttie cornel of the street to the rigSfj~lIfTiiDd the csthediaj7*We 
new toUov the Bus ToaasBlni, oppoBite this hoase, and Inra to the 
left into (he short Hue du Mus^e. 

In this stieet, to the right, ue the llMttm. (Pi- », E, 4) and 
the FaUic Library, insUUed in tbe Logi' BarrauU, an inteiesting 
mansion of the end otthelGth cent., built by Olivier BarrauU, Ttea- 
■niei of Brittany. Ill the e oart-yatd aie some Gothic end Renaisssnce 
lemeins. The Muaeu^, 'comprlRng gcnlpture and pictaie gelleriei 
ind Ik nituiel history collection, is open to the public on Snn. end 
Thuie.. from 1-6 (i1-i in winter'), end on other days on appUcstioii. 
"Tte^aWSDlffio-innrvoia £ tbe MlleMloD of B=oipt,ii' - Vksti- 
HutK. PiailerSaiU of ucleDl aod modera works; motlel ot the statue at 
De'ld (p. 'U2). — Kaon lo ras itqui. ConKDuallon of the pluter-cuts 
(inacrlpUoDS)) model for the pedimsnt of the Puthilon u Paris, by D»ld } 
a»t» of noiki by UalDJioD (p. ^1), > pupil of Datld. Also: Fraditr, 
Sappho (bronie); 4Slj)s. Coral, SarcluuiL B. Xaiadron, Sbepherl stnui 
by a terpenti «l. JfoOnKM, CatbellDeau, the Venjeaa leader; 3S. Bamat- 
tieux^ Lai Caaea. 

Ill Boom tq laa lko. UK wit Vsbtibuli. Uai\oJf, Wirrlor resllntf 
J>4iboii,Til3tfj; CiRut>ii, Bonsparle, etc. Sod Rouh, Drawloga, enfraTlngs. 

David, at the 'bezlDDlDg oF irhleh stands the 'model of bla slaloa of PhUo- 
Pffimen. This gallery coot^ai model oi copies of nearly all tbe worka 
of the famous and proUflc scglplor David, There are also a few orlflnal 
works. The oamas are altacbed to all the sculptureg. Tbe chief works 

monument to Ge'rbert (Pope Sylvester ifTfT Death of EpamlaDndas (Iliiii 
work won for David tbe Qraod Prii de ILome)i t. Ulygses. a bust, the 
• rUsl'g Drst work in marble; 13. KecepUon by the Duke of Angonieiae 
at the Tuiletica after the Spantih wari aeveral other basis, — R uqm II . 
882.684. Honum^Dl of Boorbamp (p. liSI). Drawlois and Busts. aS-^HRTe 
of Bichat; ife, 12D. Heads oC Klqnel and ComeUlci S Statue of F^neloBi 
Bronte Medallions} 13, U, IS. aiatues of aanvion-Si^Dt-Cyr, Talma, aad 
Armand Oarrel; 33-3D. Bas-reUefs from FiineloDS moDomenti U. Battle 
of yicurus. bas-rellefi tjl-61. King <Edipug, the Cld, the Cloudi, TarlofTe. 
baa-reliefs. - agait, I.U- No St, Jean Bart, a gUtue; M-5i. Benelte of 

SrlDllDg, bag-reliefs from Oulenbere't mooumenl at Btrasgba^i 20, 27,8. 
Ulnes of Ambrolae Par£, Beraardin de St. Pierre, tad King Ren^ of 
AnjDui tl. Funeral of Oenocal Fov, bai-rellefi 10. Statue of General Poyi 
39, W. Another bas-relief from Foy's moDnmenti 12*. Bronte but of 
PaenDinit 17. Statue of Cuvieri Hfi, lYt. BroDie bugls of Toluay and OUvier 
d'Angcrat 1. Statue of the Great Cond<Ji 69-72. Bu reliefs from QenerU 

of Blchati {^"llarble bust of B^clardi SS.'nar.' de^everns', Biahoo of 
Boston (Mags.) and Archbishop of Boriieauiii fi7-S0. Bas-rellefg from hit 
monumenti 21. SUlue of Oulenberii Oh. Slatue of Larreyi B&-e8. Bai- 
relieftfrom a moDDmeDt. In the middle: U. Child with erapeii 11. Greek 
girl at the tomb of Harco Boiiarls; 74S. Marble bust of David, by Tout- 
lalnl, on an altar earred In woad by David's father; IB, Statue of Barts, 

thoae'of Lamennais (No. 156t°lo fte right.'near Ihem'lddle of the room). 
Washlaiton (1(C), Jeremi Benlbam (102). Fanimore Cooper (99), Goethe 
(116), Victor HuEO (US, leO), Baclne (121), Corneille (128), Humboldt (187), 
and Ranarts (ITB). — ttooiLjVtto (be left of the preceding). DirMi, 
n»elh; several marble JWCTTyJ, Onll. and hadly ifehlei pietBrM ©19, 

51. irmdon, Bug* of Voltaire; 8B8. Oumirg, DucIdc (orieiuIlT inlendtd 
far tbt Oneri House at FaHa). Painllo):); 19. Ouirttt, DeUb i,l Priimi 
""<). Lor. Lippi, Huked nomui 791. B. BoBllofm, Lore offanded) 798. 


un'ir, 1795 

w, CspituI&U 

of Agrjppjk d'Aubi^^. 

Un tieFiBBT Clour It Ibe ■m»iiiiijiJJS»tBi»iai»)i»r3'. *!'''* '» »f "cUlli 
rish to btrdi, aod alio Intereitini; fur Ilie oppurtunil) It aflbrdi of atudf- 
idg Ibe Dilneralog]' of Uia diatric4. 

On the Secosd Flqqp arfe4to.PM|i^iigj. — Uu tho STAiaCAik: Cartoont 
b; ZtncpcAi; gURIV'e of Anuers. amooesl vblcli ara Wv;''Bt7~aiid 268) Uiow 
from the cetlinga of tba Qrand Op^ra at Parti and the tbeatre or Angers 
(p. 242). — BoamJ. to UuUfft: ^o. 333. BaHmtna, AnDUDci.tloD. To (be 
T\eU: 26. lf.^!nSi^^XTi^<.ttBC» saaking refuge in the arms ot Juatlte 
(crayon); i.pposile, n.i number, De Hicliemimi, Legend of St. Karj of Brabanli 
7S. OlrodX-IHotn, Death of Tatiusi 65. atrart, Joseph and hig bitthren; 
kboie, ru>(«-, Sea-piece. ~ Ba; to tbe left of the entraaee : to tbelelt, 145. 
Pofrtrfi, Joanof Arc^ 135. E. UUIul, Is uia woo, ta ^ liS. LepriMr, Cannneati 

de Laa Caeei; 70. ( 

" ™wi n-VT jjj^T^i^ biueiea^ atacom^at. itaj 
arble, hj LtuU-l'iitl; medals; H 

it Champion;; 329, 227. Jaeni, Btudles; aiacamai, I 

sbield, b; Simon, ao'l 

door: to Ibe rl^bt. 71. G<dc, Sully qnlltlng tbe'court ol' Louie Xlll.) 88. 

Jacqve-Q^en drlcldDf ; 79T. J^ondrin, N>mphsuin; 131. Mtoajtot, Astyanax 

king of Lanceralte^ 17G. Ffai,°Priam letnroi^g nitb tbe'body of Hector) 
182. Uinagiol, Cleopatra at Ihe tomb of Mark Aotonyi 126. liuninaii, The 
tno OiurdiBDi; &7. F. ehmdria. Envirotu of HarteillcBi 1S4. Apptrl, Bai- 
chants. — ZntptfU, 252. Sieknees ol Alexander, 2^1 bis, Chiiit in the Free- 
lorinm (tiro Touthful works). — 17A. V<(M-, AlchemlM; no namber. Knv, 
Violim of the seat 1. Aaailait, Boman Forum; 306. Ua-cler, Dives; II. 
Hcrlhilem^, Eleaiar, 

Haon n. 77T. Frm, David) 1T9. CHoi'dte, Portr&itinn number, airard. 
La B^THnere-L^peaux; 361. ifuriUo, Yonng man; 18. Diiporlu, Animals, 
aowen, and frullj 636. DomiiUcMiu), Sin Ci.rlo Borromeo. — Sm. FlaaUh 
SOiMl, Calvary; 37. MirHtl ConuilU, Madonna and Child with St. Jnlrn) 

3ie. Lor. d< Crtdi, Holy FunU) ; sA OiiH^mo A Paradliei 189. Marii 
BntHard (of Angara), Forlralt of the attiti; 32. Chard'«, I'ri.ii; 312. Ovtr- 
clni, Ttme and Truth; 151. JI. Robtrl, Fountain of Ulnerva (Bome); 100, 

Sm. P. .yc<!^,' Church interior; U. !». Conel, Zephir and Flora; 39o! 
Autlfft, Ijummer ev< ning; 137. Mignard, Madonna. Infenl Chrlal, and Jobn 

J. ateaa, e\ly Family;" 82t.'fitiero, Portrait; 373. Ri-ieai, 'silenus;' SBl! 

dneni, 367. Fiancuis Flamand. 366. S(. SebasUan; 363! Dt Cliatn^ignu, 
Cbrial among the doelors; 397. HtnUiorti, Viol in -player; 358. Reainh<Bi>iair, 
Banquet of the guda; m. Fi-agonard, Calirrhoe; &3. RSura. Old man; 386. 
Ft.miih School, Uolv FDmlly. 120. yon Loo, Si. i 
AdamandEve. — irtS. JVepolo -■ - " 

2T7. SrAfol of Ou Franitt, The Ten A'irgins; ^2. Raptuat, Holy Fi 
(variatii n of a painline now U Madrid); !81. VtlBzimii, Fruit; 21S. i 
»/ Rofier mn dtr Wtidm, Calrary; 3B9. FlmUh SOieiil, Caritu Bom 

240 RouUSS. AN6BB8. Oatttt. 

399. ran MUrU, Bspa of the Stblnt womaa; lOS. /. oon JtuytdOd, Linlaape; 
4m. Failfdmre. Women balhmsj B78. Tmiert IHe Ytmngir, The t^te-i-Wlei 
tS2. ITaUMW, FeWchampSlreiTtl. £M<Air, Allseorxorioie; 331. C Jfaraffa, 
lUdunnk kdorini the Clillilt 3T/. Teaitri Uu rnaagtr. The anklnd mothar) 
121. J. S. ToB £oo, Eii _ . .- . _ ,. 

eredTi pieto™ by ieprtn. 

.UB) in. J. rmut, SnA-pieee; Tl. Ornuc, Ki 
Oljmpnl (Jketcll for ■ CSiUng-pilinllnE) ; 

<1795-ieZ2), or AiiEera; 230. KciUii 


BOOBin. Wo_ _ 

Soa l ilw lywlB «dttUDg the papMy of SintusV. 

Lower dowo in the I^HeXA^E^' ^i^b the im^rfliitjng n^iim of 
tbe indent thbei j-ri inrch ofTousjam!, dating from the 1 3 &jl e nt.. 
vhieh mayTTS' VI sited on appUcatlon to the keeper of the Husee. 

At tbe end of the Rue Toassaint is the *C»«tl e (PL G, D, 4}, 
which U Btlll ""° "f.t*'* '""°' jnijnaii^hiiiiiiin^ of the kind in exist- 
ence, in spitB o/tho tact that manj' of its ao'enteen towers hiVB 
been laied and thongh the eonstrnclioD of a banlevard to the S. bu 
swept away one of its bastions and filled in its immenBe moat. This 
powerful feudal stronghold dales chiefly from the ^y^ cent.; It is 
built in the form of a pentagon and stands on a rocl^ominating the 
eouTse of the Ualne to tbe W. Visitors nff; .^mwi..^ (n fyf^ jn^""^ 
on application to the c«nclerge. who explains the history of the 
castle. There is •small chateau ['Petit Chateau (les Dues d^^nlon'1 
within the large oTtBr~BpRn(Hil' View froin the ramparts. 

Between the Bool, dn itoT-'Hens aiid the Boul. dn Gh&tesu risas 
a bronze 'Btatae of Einir Sent (.PI. D, 4 G), b}> QaiiidJLAai"''- 

Eeo« (IWe-Serrffltalirioo of l-otm-rT'ot Anjou, becams ruler o( 
tbat ducby and orProvencfi by the deatb of blu broiber Louli In. in 1104. 
Ha wu also for "oms time Kiag of Haplas, in virtae of (be will of Joanull. 
After ■ life of mlifortana, during which be bad bten deprived of nearly 

_,. ... .. ._ <.™ ., .,_ .. „ ^ ^ ^a 1,1, ,„, 

ibJecU left to him. 

t teal, and well de- 

nea are >tUl eiUat. 

Seiersteln-, bat l» 

DuBallering light. 

d by iHctie bionie lUtaettea, 

of tbe AodegaTi agatnit 

nBmberi of tbe hoiue of 

garet of Anjoa, Queen of England. 

To the S. is the handsome churcb of &t,J^nd[Pl. D, 5), rebuilt 
In 1872-82 In, lUs. An gov in variety of the Itoiftaiiaisuejtyle, wilb 
transepts, ambulatory, lateral chapels, and a ciypt ander the choir. 

We now follow the Boulevard du Chateau, wiiich runs westwud 
to the Maine. It is continued by the Pont de la fiaiK-Cboinc 
(PL B, O, 4), replacing a susp ension-b ridge , which gsve way in 
1850, during the passage of a battalion of Infantry, 2^ men being 
drowned or killed by the fall. The next bridge farther up 1b named 
the Pont du Ctnlre [bearing a sUtue of OmenU Beaarepairt : 1740' 
92), and still higher up is the PonI dc la Haule-Chatne. 

eful , 


&e culU'nUd 

ine 1 

.erved h!i .n 


ae of bis 

Ben* ippB»r> 
Tiewedliy Sli 

ne of 1 

ie chart 

) in 'An 

■ Waiter SCO' 

>mevbat nnBi 

Thepedutal of 


alio by Kid 



Cteear, Oolan. 


L, and le 

Anjou, ^r. 1 


I tbe Si 


Planlagenet <i 

289),. Pbillp A,= 

n., Char 

3S. Botrit. 241 

■sinning at the Pont iln Qemua ft 

8 ffie church of J f jt Trinil;A fPt B, 3), inoth"Br 

o o In the Angeiln " - ' 

tpjwJliB upper pa rt si wMcKTOwe ■ 

'^^ IfTTgl'^f*! which, like tharbrb 

no il<le«, Mulainl » fine "aflto. Slfciwwa-Uf the BeniUMnce D»riod lod 

> Bpiro of Chrijl by ifaindTin^hc nave 'ij toofeT^TX au1nter»ecliDg 

llrong umlancr lovwds the domlml fomu of the Southern' itrls'' The 

to go fsr to iheke OTir absolele f&ilh In the doems that iifil«« e.n Indii- 

The TftolUng dlmlnlghea ia height from W, lo B., a deriei lo tscFeaat 
the apparent lenelh of the chnrcli. — The crjpt mi; be risltild [feel. 

Adjoining La Trinity arB the riiiBS of the ancient Egiiie du Ron- 
ceray, dating partly from the lltb cent., and the luge Eeole dt) ArU 
et Mitieri {?\. B, 2, 3), Bslablished In the ancient abbey of Ron- 
eeray, which was OBlacged and altered for its reception. 

Farther on, before reaching the Pont de la Haute-Chaine, is the 
ancient Batfice St. Jean (PI. K, 2), said to haye been founded in 
11S2 by Henry UToT EBfeUnd. It now contains the Ks^g^Jt Jesiij 
an aiGhnaloglral rouseum, open at the same times as the other 
Mnaeum (p, 238). The collectiona occ ypv a large and hindsoms, 
Go thic hal l. In three equal compartments or ai^es, 'dating from 
li (4-l'i3U iihd ranking among the sarlieBt apeclmens of pnre Gothic 

afSEIle^fHrar- ' ■ "— -■• - - •;...-... 

ll«i may he mealioned an antique porphyry am, nith two muki of Jupiter, 
vhteh tradilion avera lo be i>nB of the walerpots From Caoa of e^Uee< 
a very One flgnre of a man kneeling before a prie-Dleoi levecal mon- 
umental tlatueai Hne woud-carving from a Kenaiaiance altar; alhet woDd- 
earri^ai eheata, on nblch are giuB-caies cosiaiiiag ohjecu of imaller 
dimenaloBs) and obarteri of Charles the Bald CBSOj ud Ifing Eeo^. 
The modern representative of the Hospice St. Jean ie the ei- 
. tensive Hoipici-HSpital 8le. Marie (PI. A, B, 1], situated to the left, 
beyond the bridge, containing 1500 beds. The chapel is decorated 
with fteseoes by Lenepveu, Appert, and Danban, all irtieta of 

We now cross the bridge and follow the boulevards. To the left is 
the Garr 8t. 8trge(Fl,D,i: p. 235], and farther on, to the left in 
the Avenue BesnarJi^re, is the ancient abbey-church of Bt. Serge 
(PI. E, 1). This church posaesies a .fine loth cent, nave, anS tTe 
choir and transepts, which are in the same style as (he cathedral, 
are roofed with domical vaulting. The arches of the nave are sup~ 
ported by enormously thick pillars, whereas the colomns in the 
choir are of the most slender pioportianB. Tbe plan of the choir is 
IntBiesting, consisting atBrst of anaveand doable aisles, contracting 
to a nave and single aisles , and finally to a nave only. The outer 
aisles terminate In apses, the others in straight walls. 

BiEDEUa's MoHhem Franee. *lh Bill, 16 

MZ Routt 32. ANGERS. 

We now proceed wllb out ciienit roond the old towa bf follow- 
ing tbe boulevaidB. To the left neat the Bonleiud Gunot Ues the 
Jardtfi dn PUmlei (PI. E, F, 1), whlrb vui roaadBd in 1777 ukd 
fonDB > pleusDt promenade. It is adorned with maible cDpies of 
antique statuea and a bronze figure of Flora, by Moiean. At tbe 
entrance \t a Statut of Chmrail (p. 236), b; E GatUsome. 

TheformetFataiadeJuBticejOii tbe other eiJe of the boalevsid, now 
conlaioB a Palatoatolagical MuMum, open on Sun. and Thota., 12-1. 

Farther on, the Boulevard de la Mairie skirts the Champ de Man 
(PI. F, 2), in which stands the Faluia de Juitict, a modern bollding 
with an Ionic colonnade, and the Jardin du Mail [PL F, 2, 3), where 
a band plays on Sunday and Thursday. To the right of the boole- 
vard rises the USUI de VitU, in an old coUege of 1691. We next 
reach the Place de Lorraine, where a bronze statue of Dauid 
d-Angert (PL F, 3), by Lonis Noel, was erected in 1680. 

Tbe Rae d'Alssce, a little farther on, leads to the right to the 
Plare du RaUiemenl (PL E, 3), foimiug the centre of tbe town. 
In this Place are the Theatf e. a line edifice rebuilt in 1865-71 and 
adorned with sculpture, iita Orand-EOUi (p. 23&), and the Pott onti 
TeUgraph Of/iet. 

In the Rue de I'Espine (Pl.D, E, 3) stands the 'Hfttel da yjTH^ 
oihSiel d'An;ipu, iu the Ken als^ance style, tbe finest private mansion 
^1 "e'lLtant in Angers, erected about 1536, but largely restored 
in 18T9-89. Tl^e interior, Interesting tor its fine ceilings, ehimney- 
pleees, etc, coiitains'a ifuamm of antiquitleVi fayeuce, Isii att- 
otijecU7 In bronze, ivory, enamel, etc., open is tbe two others 
(p. 238, 241). — A UtUe to tbe S. in tbe Bue Plantagenet is the 
Old Hdttl dt Vau (PI. D, 3), with a remarkable facade dating front 

From Aneeri eicnriiODS may be made by sleclric tramway (p. 2S6) lo 
PonU-di-Ci,3K. I- IheS., and lo IhBilale-quarriea of rrjfat* (p. 236), S'/iM. 
to the E. PDDU-de-C^ bai a etatloo alio on (ba railway froni Angers to 

Lai Ponta-da-Oa (CUmi Blaaci d> la Loire; du Ciii»nKr«J, a tovn witb ' 
Ssee iohab., ti built on three lilanda In the Loire, connected with each 
other aod wilb tbe bank on eaeb aide by meant of four bridges. Ths total 
laoilti or tbsH bridgei, togathei wilb the loads belweeD. Ig almost 3 N. 
They were rebuilt In 1316-36, but are uf lery ani^eot orlglD, beJug tbe 
'Puns S^' ol Ibe Komani, and they bate repeatedW beaa tbe abject ot 
armed conteit* from Ibe Boman period donn lo vodErn tlmee. A lUtaa 
■ ■f Dumnacas (p. 310), by Noel, irai erected on tbe Pont 91. Kaurille in ISBI. 

Faon Abobbb to L* FlSchb, 30 M., railway In l'l,-VI, br.., tlirUat 

je (p! 796). 'fhs ohlar'lutermi 

— To LiHiAi<i<F<^litri 





B«ilwmr BUligna. Tb< Orandi Gan or Oan d-Orliaoi (PI. O, 4| 
buffet), tbe nrlndpil lUtlon, Ilea la Uia B. of t&B town. — Ths Bart i* la 
Bomru (PI. U, S], OD (he prolonnMiou of ttae Orlrikni line in (he direclion 
urBrut, Ilea Durcrthe ceaite ot Ilie toirn, bot tleketB unnot be obUined 

and Le Crolrfc, ud tor the Bran line to Kedoo, — Tbo Got. MaritinU 
(PI. A, B, B). firiber on on the iBme line, <> onlj used b^ gooda-tnlni. — 
The Sort d4 CEIal (PI. C, D, fij buffet), to tbe S., 1> for the line to Bordwun 
and iu bnnebu and for the line In Pari> vitSeeH. It ii, hovsTec, con- 
Dtcted with the Oare d'Orl^uii b; iiJnnctiDn-linc, and tbe It^db itart from 

Hstali. HStkl db Fsahck (PL ai D, 3), Place Qrulio, pleaUDtlj 
(Ituated, butatadiatance (nm the lUtlona, B. S'/i )3, B. tiL ii].3, D.I, 
DBDi. fiom 10, omn. >/• frt *Ds Bbstiutii (PI. bt F, S), Sua de Sliu- 
banraSS, pent, rrom 10 tr.; 'Deb Totioeubs (PI. c|S,3). Bue Xoli«re 2, 
B. S-B, B. li/i, d«i. 8, D. i, omn. '/i fi-t do CoxHiaqi (PI. d; D, SJ, Bus 
Santeai] 13; he Pabib <P1. f; D, S), Bue Bolleau, B. from 3, d^. S, D. 
3i/> fr. I DituHEeei Ahki (PI. e i F, 3), Place Duchua«-Anne, B. 2-0, A. 1/a, 
d^. 2i/i, D. 3 fr. ; GBOtn (bold meuble), Bue Qreaaet 10, near the Place 
OruliD, ele. 

Oalia-KHtsuaBt*. Ca/i da M CieaU, dt rVnietri, Place Otaslio ; 
Cmtltenfol, Pla« Borale i othera Jn the Place du ComineTca (Bouiae), etc. ■- 
Ba^tmrtml Frtmtaii, Camtromu, boUi Place Graalln (i la carte)v'it the £M(I 
dli aaUBirct, tee abuTC. 

Oaba. With one horae, per 'eonrae' IVi fr., per hr. 2 fr.( at nlgbt 
(U la 6) a and 2>/i ft-; with two honei, 2, 3Vt, and 9 fr.; -Voilurea de 

Trajuwafa (driren 1>t comnreiaed ^r). Fiijm thePIS-e du Commeice 

(Bouiael lo Biiii(ob, on the B., vli "— "— '•"-" "•— — ■•■- 

W., ImeralnR tbe quarBi to Fir 
the Stniii Read, on ttae N., Tli t 
on tbe H.E,, y\i tbe cathedral; t 

90 c' for two. and 30 s. (incl. 'eorreapondauua') for three or four aectiuna. — 
OaaiilKaet also pi; in the town. 

BteamboaU plf In summer from tbe Quai de la Foaae, near the Bourse 
(Pl.D, S), la ax. Nazaire. touching at Buse-Indre (p. 2fi2), Indret (p. 2&>), 
Coueron (p. 252), Le Pellsrin, Le Micron, iind Paimboiut (p. 2fit). Tbe boata 
atari at 8 a.m. and perform the jouroe; down in 3-3>A, up in 3-4 hrs. (fares 
10 St. Naialre, 2>/,, iViff.) return-ticket aiallable b; railwai in one 
direction 0, L, »/« fr.). Realaurant on board. - Stiom Ttrni <5c.) at the 
,■„» „T the lie Qiooette (PI. C, tl. 

I. OraaJ Thiatrt (PI. D, 3), Place Oraallni Thddlri da la 
?I. D. 1, Si, Place Edouard Normand) THiiUedu VariiUs (PI. D, 

I. B, 3), Qnal Braneaa, entered from the 
e Lap^rouB.. 

lie Voltaire IS (G0-70c.)i du Caliairi, Bue du Cal- 
.•..„ ^ „»., ^„ A>£ir/n, between the He Fe;deau and He OIorlettF. 

Britlah Oonaul, S. B. WarbwUm: Yice-Oonaul, Alf. TrIUal. — American 
Oosaul, Bttf. B. nidftlti Tlie-Ooniul, Hiram D. BtM4ll. 

£B(U)h Ohmch Btrrloa at Bue de I'Herroni^re S, chaplain, Jfcc. 

Nanitt, (he capit&l of the department of the Loirf-M/iTrieure, 
tlia headquarters of tbe ?tlth Army Ckiips and tbe leat of a bishop, 
IB s town with 132,990 inhab., Eltnated mainly on the right bank of 
the Loire. The rivei ramifies here into six anne, and receives the 
watBiB of the Erdre and the Sivre-Iiantaitt, the latter flowing into 

244 Route 33. NANTES. Cmlle. 

it to the 8., beyond the ieUnds, the tormer comiDg from the N. and 
tiaTersing the town before lie confluence. The commeTce i.Dd la- 
^Qstry of Nentes h>ve long rendered it one of the meet flooiiihlng 
towns in France, and with regard to population it ranks seienth in 
the country. Its harbour has latterly lost mach of its importance, 
the approach to it being too natiow for the large ihips of modern 
times, but in 1881 the authorities began the constrocUon of a lateral 
canal, which, it is hoped, will restore the town to the rank it has 
lost. Sugar forms the principal article of commerce in Nantei, and 
the town contains seiera] large redneriee. Tobacco, sardines, and 
preeened meats of all kinds are also among the chief industrial 
products, and the outskirts of the town are thickly sprinkled with 
Iron-works, ship-building yards, and factories. 

Nantes wu founded iDterlur lo the Soman cauquest, but iU Milorf, 

dflteaoe of its own indepiidenee and Ui'e independeice of Briltanj-. It 

Charles Till., King of France, wta aglemnised in 14B1. thus oniling (he 
ducli/ of BrittAnf with Hie crown of France. AnnewKJI pledged byapecial 
agreement to marry the jiucceflHOr of Charles, dhould she survive him, and 
in conaeqncncB of tliia married Lonis XII. in 1489 (see p. 206). Kotwltb- 
ittndine (till, Naalesendeavoured to regain lis Independence under Henri III, 
during tlie wars of the League, bnt dnallf submilled lo Henri IT In 160S. 
Id the monlh of A|>ril In thai year wai Issued the tumoui Edict of t/milci, 
eranting the Prdlealanls liberly of worship and equal pnlitleal righu with 
the Raman Catholics. Nantes was favourable from tha Tery be^nioe to 


al, of a 


and th 

dine of 


of aec 






less than fuur months, until at last he himself was denounced, recalled, and 
sent in liie turn to the scaffold. 

Nantes is nowadays a handsome modern town, but the abeeuce 
or main thoroughfares makes it difficult for the stranger to Bnd 
his way. Its most characteristic features are the numerous bridges 
OTer the different arms of the Loire and the Erdre, the harbour, 
and the fine bouses of the ISth cent., wbich line the q^nays. Thers 
are, however, comparatively few buildings of interest. 

The railway from Orleans is prolonged along (he quays on its 
way to Bretagne (R. 34). Near the station, to the right, is the Place 
Ducheisi-Anne (PI. F, 3), where the Cours St. Pierre (p. 247) and the 
new street described at p. 216 begin. On the flight of steps ascending 
to the Cours is the Vtmumenl PourlfDrapeauCfortheQag'), abronze- 
gioup by e, Barean, erected in 1897 in memory of 1870-71. 

On one aide of the Plaoe rises the CmUa (PI. F, 3), an imposing 
building of very ancient origin, but In its present form dating mainly 
from the end of the t5th century. It bad formerly seven tevets, bu 

Jfal. m>t. iftuntm. NANTE9. 93. BoMt. 245 

ana of Atm, whlDli vbb oMd m a pawdei-magaiine, vas blown up 
in 1800. YtsttOTt inky sntei the lateiesting conrt-yaid, where we 
ma; notice tbe Grand Logis, i RenMssiDce ediflce, whicli h>i been 
restoted, and the Salle dei Oardet. There U also a targe well, with 
an iion eopjng. Tbe Interior of the castie ii uninteresting. 

The culle wu tang uied u a atatc-prison , and Oud. de K^ti (1654), 

hnrd,"«ere conSiied teie. Ttaa last w.o arruted In Ho. 3 Rue Mathelln- 
Kudier (bebindltii:cail]ei liailon adiultled), aCler lying concealed for tbe 
beat part at ■ da; In a imBll receia bahloil a chimney on tbe tbtrd Boor. 

We continue to follow the qnays, passing the end o( the Rue 
de Straebourg (p. 247), and cross the canalised Erdre at Its Junction 
with the Iiolre. Farther on, in the Place du Commerce, stands the 
Exeliange (PI. D, 3), bnilt in 17S2-1813. Beyond it, in the small 
Place de la Bourse, a statue of Colontl de-ViUiboU MurtuiUp.'iA'i'), 
by R. Veilet, was erected' in 1902. To the left is the little lit 
Ptydiau. We neit roach the Gate de la Bourte (PI. D, 3 ; see 
p. 1U3), and the Quai de la Font, skirting the hurboui. The Edict 
of Nantes is said to have been signed in the Maiton dcs TonrtlUa 
(No. 0). Mo. 17 also deserves (ttention. 

The Aue Jean-Jaequet Roui'tau (PI. D, 3), which leaves the 
quay between the Exchange and the Oare de la Bourse , leads to 
the Place Orastin (PI. D, 3), the centre of flie town. In it stands 
the Grand ThfStTt, buUt in 1783, hut several times restored since 
then, with a Corinthian colonnade enrmounted by the ftgnres of 
eight Muses. The vestibule contains statuea of Gornellle and MoliAre 
by Holfanecht and the anditorium has a Sue ceiling-painting. 

To the S.W. of the Place Oraslin extends the Coars de la Si- 
pnhliqne or Camhronnt (PI. G, D, 3), a promenade embellished with 
a bronie statue of Omeral Cambronne (1770-1842), a native ot the 
environs of Nantes, erected in 1848. On the pedestal is inscribed the 
answer he ta laid to have given at Waterloo : 'The gaard dies, hat never 
Bnrrenders'. The statue was eiecnted by Jean Dabay, a native artist. 

A little to the N. of tbe Coars Cambronne, in the Rue Voltaire, 
stands the Ecole des Scieneei (PL C, 3), erected in 1831 , and nsed 
first as a mint and then as a court of Justice. Its handsome facade, 
In the dassical style, with a sculptured pediment, is turned towards 
the Place de la Honnaie. Besides the law-courts it now contains 
an important ■naenm of ITBtural History (Fl. G, 3), open to the 
public on Sun., Tues., Thars., and holidays, 12-4 (closed in Sept.^. 

The entniDce lo Ihe mnseum io in the Place de la Moanala. — On the 
GaoUJ'D FiooB are a Utgs gallery and hall dEvolcd to Oeology, Uiitratogy, 

be a terror to those 'urigan 
baa been only hiir realiaed. 

246 Rouuaa. kantes. UvtUDoMt. 

A little faithei on is thB Kui* Oobrt* (PL 0, 3), »n •itMtlTa 
pile of new bnlldliigs, erected by T. Dobrit la the Bomaneiqne stfU 
o( the 12tli cent, from pluu of TioUet-de'Dnc, and presented to 
the town in IHH (open Snn. & Tbnn. 1!M, othei days kIm on 
■ipplicttlon). No cMologue. 

The srDiindllaor ii Dcenpled by the ttbiiograpbiul md mrchH'oIoclcsl 
reetlODi prehistoric and OilloBoiDvi lutlqDllto, aculplnrea Uken from 

ealalD, coamelB, I'nA mInUlurBB, The ubioet idjolnlnE l^e 5th nwm con- 

Tho Rue VoIliiiB leada to the W, to the cbnicb of Notie-Dame 
(p. "idO] , bat we follow it to the E. to the Place Giaelin, and than 
take the Rue Crdbillon (PL D, 3). To the light, at the flnl crasa- 
street, is the Passaob Pohubbatb, which la built In three stages, 
with connecting stalicaseB, owing to the fact that the atieetl which 
it joins are not on the same letel. It Is adorned with statuettes by 
Debay and medallions by Oiootaeis, both natiies of Mantes. It 
emerges on the other side in the Rne de la Fosse, near the Bourse; 

The Rue Gr^biUon ends at the FUce Bo7«Ie (PI. D, E, 3^, an- 
other scene of great animation, embellished with ■ large modern 
'Fountain, in granite, byDrioUet, witii thirteen bronze statnee and 
statuettes by Ducommun and Groataers. The marble status on the 
top represents the town of Nantes; the others, in the hssin below, 
represent the Loire (seated on a throne) and its ptindpal affluents, 
the Sivre, Erdre, Ohei, and Loli. 

In the lieinity rises the handsome modem chuidi of Bt. BinolM 
(PI. £, 3), designed by Lsssns in the Gothic style of the 13th cent., 
with doable aisles and an imposing tower, 278 ft. high. The moat 
sBriking points of the interior are the Iriforium, below which mns 
a beautiful band of foliage; the high-altai, in white maible, with 
bas-reliefs and a ciborium terminating in a loft; pyramid ; the gilded 
choir-screen; the pictmes, by Delannay, in tbib transept-chapels t 
the stained-glass windows; the altar in the Lady Cbspel; and the 
tomb of Hgt. Fonruier (d. 1877), bishop of Nantes, in the left aisle. 

TheBuB de Feltre, to the N. of the rhurch of St. Nicolas, descends 
to the Erdre. Thence it is to be prolonged through the old quarter 
on the opposite bank(PI. E, F, 3) towsrds the Place Ducheise-Anne 
(p. 244), forming with de Rue du CaWrire an important new artery 
of trafSc. 

At the end of the Rue Lafayette, which diverges from the Bus 
du CatvaiTc, is the Palais de Jnstioe (PI. D, 2), a large and hand- 
some bailding, dating from 184&-D3. In the centre of the fatade 
is a colonnade surmounted by an arcade, with a fine group by Sue, 
of Nantes, lepresenting Justice protecting Innocence againat Ciims, 

We now return to the church of St Nicolas, descend to lh« 
Erdre, and cross it, in order to reach the Basse- Grande-Rue on the 
opposite bank. In this street, to the right, is the church of 5te. Croix 
(PI. E, 31, «rected in the ITth and 19th centuries. Its tower la 




The (rifortum 

mgh SiUt/i I 

Statuti of Ihe 

scenes tr 

live, of IhB eai 


> right, near th 

of tbe 10 



,py. The \ut 

by H. Fli 

LDd Ihe Srd am 

CathtJrai. NANTES. 33. Routt. 247 

sannonDled by the leaden Belfry fiom tbe old HStsl de VUle, sdoin- 
ed with genii blowing tiumpeU. — The Rue Ste. Cioii, to the Lett, 
^nd ite continastion, the Rue de U Bacletle, and the Roe de U Jul- 
verie, contain some interesting old hoosee. We now eioae the Rue 
de StrasbotiTg (V\. F,2,3), a handsome modern atreet, vhich tiaveTses 
the whole E. pait of the town in a Etraight line fiom N. to S. 

A little farthei to the E. stands the CeitlisdTal of St. Pierre 
(PI. F, 3). Tbe rebuilding at tbia church, dating from the Roman- 
esque period, was undertaken 1n the 15th cent., but was never 
finiahed, and the smalt 12th cent, choir long stood in incongruous 
combinaiioi) with the more ambitions W, end. The work, liowever, 
was resumed and was completed in 1892. The facade is Qanbed by 
rs, and the portela are richly adorned with scnlptnres. 
■■■' '-'--• '-— '" ■- 1,30). The lofli nave ppoduoM a verj 
_ .s woTthr af DDlice. Under (he organ are 
,t laih cenl., recentty restored, tepreseollDg 
— '- "-•-'— chs and Bishops, and i Duke of 
e a lUtue of 9t. Paul In a nicbe 

objects of tnteiest In the Inlerior are, however, the tomU in tbe tran- 
septs. In the 8. tTaosept Is the -TaHS of Frahcoib II, last Duke of 
Brillany, and hli wife Dareuerlte de Poll, a verv elaborate work Id tbe 
Beualsssnce style, executed In 1507 by IficMl Colomi. The tomb, In black 

of Justice, Prnde'aee, Temperance, and lower at the four comers, and is 
surrounded by two rows of gixleea nlebea containing statuettes of upostles, 
saluti, and mourDeri. Justice, to the right, ii a portrait of Anne of 
Brittany, daughter of tbe deceased, who erected tbia monumenl In tbelr 
honour; Prudence has two faces, one of a lonng woman and one of an 

Nantei (1B06-B9). This Imposing modem munument is Ihe joint work of 
the architect Btlllt and the sculptor Paul Duboii. Below a canopy lies a 
white marble flgure of the general; at tbe comers ace bronie statues of 
History, Cliarity, MlliUry Courage, and Faith, and bas-reliefs run along 
the Bides. 

The Street to the left of the cathedral leads to tbe Plaoa 
Lonii Bdie (Fl. F, 3), in the middle of which is a Column, 90 ft. 
high, animounted by a Statue of Lotiit XVI, by Molknecht. Thia 
Flaee lies between tbe Court Si, AndH and the Cmut St. Pierre, 
laid out as a promenade in 172B and fHimisbed with other mediocre 
Etatuee by Molknecht. The Cours St. Andr^ extends to Che left to 
the Erdie, while the Ooora 91. Piene descends to the right, passing 
behind the choir of the cathedral, to the Place Duchessfr-AoDe and 
the Quai de !a Loire, near the chateau (p. 244). 

In the Rue du Lyc^e , to the E. of the Couis St. Piene , is the 
new *Mn»ie dea Beanz-Arts (PI. Q. 3), an eitensire pile erected in 
1893-lSffi) by'C yosao and' Lenoir (open daUy, eicept Mon.. 12-o, 
in winter 12-4). It is one of the best pfjvincia! museums in France, 
and contains more thVn'fDOO piclures, among which the modern 
French masters are prominent, the tlist names from the 18th cent 
to the present day being represented by a aeries of splendid works. 

PIcluM 0aU4ry. 
Him (nam 

e rieM, from right lo left: 632 L. A«i„r (l«8B-ne), 
jlher siJe of th« cntFuce, b^ tlie nmc, Ii3t, 638, eui. 
'inter. — BT2. Brmu, The laa of Sdpio realnreil io bU 
i; TSe. LarHlUirt, Purlriil of the artist; 8i2. /. B. ifoHi. 

(1614-61), LMdscupe; BW. C. ^. (towrf, Blnsldo and ArmidSi E60. Fai 
Vleaiuns-panTi 621. JUi^oto (1^3-1136), UIMDrical landsc .ps i 7' 

iiSS^ftTO)' WishiDB of the feci; 663, /. C-oJr(i^'a^-''6)r Bsille'n^" 
St7. Sale-ri, liealli of Didos t)&0. J. Binacliard (16CO-163SJ, Tirgin witb 
Cbild and SI. Jobn; Sa. Mmnoytr, Cbrist In a |aciaiid of Quwera ^ S%. 
J. i:0ni(I, Dido diS'-averlng Macni and Achslea; (31. U. d, la Tour (17tli 
cent,), PeleiB denial; 868. i^K.I, SunsEl. — !*3. fliuouii, Porlraii; 786. J. It 
laByri, Holy Family; 82*. C. i-oniuo, Portrail of an aolori M*. /. rtrml, 
Sea-piece; 90;. Banterrt, CDok-maid grating a carrot. ~ 930. G.dtia Ti,ta-. 
Old man asleep; 93S. Tocqui, Ponrail; 831. MarUn It Jnnt (1673-1712), 
View "f 81. CJond; 820, It Suew, Aurora (skclcli) ; 'SSI, Ouiry HusUo 
scene; 7aa Jon^mo, On ihe nayto EmmauB; B&3, WiUiiaa. Soldien manli- 
ingi '683. JV. raoperon (t612-D61, Cbildhi od of Uac.;liu«; -931, -833. 
R. fDum'^Ei, Family poitraiU; ■9lt. Siffalm, Atbalia pultioe Ihe princai 
of Uie house uf David In Aeatfa; Lancrtl. •790. Lady Id a carriage dcawn 

---. _ .. - -, -anting peuanM; 915". 

J. VimS, Old man and soldien in a landsopa; 9S1. S. reurl, Feau; 9fiT. 
Watltav, Harlequin, Panlalooa, Pierrot and Colomblne^ B26. C, cos Ine, 
Portrail; 'Bll, Lna<n, Kuilic inlerior. 

Room lU (llalian School), Irom rljlit to left; 162. RtulUi, Jndllh and 

"-'--'- "" " ■ -■■ "° ■"' -Tjdo.Deditalionorthe Temple 

•iBr<. Fli)w«H! BB. LucatltH (f}, 

tne^iempie; vi. uuor-di, varniTai at Venice; ~ld (juaviho, i^oc ion refuting 
tbe present! of A'eian.'ei ; 00. Guard', Asgemhly of Venetian noblis al the 
Doge's palace; 97, 96. Uoaaii, Sllli-life; 127. Jot. tiauatu, AnDtmelatloni 
19. Li Oua^re (7), Landscape; 6, Caraeairffio, Portrait of Ibe artist; :i, Al- 
»iiiu. Diana and ActKon(iifceteb); 18S, SpIMwa, Kadonna and Inhol Chrisl, 
with saintd^ 78, I^ Gvatpri, Landscape; "lal, Patmni. Ruins. 

Soon IV llUllan sch[ial). From righl to left: 130. Leintdra Batiano, 
Hoses strlUng Ihe rock ; H. Cara^Ofjio {!), Petefs denial ; 161. A, flfleoK, 
et. Romualdi 119. P. /'. JfgJii (?), Laodscape ; £7, Cautdatu, The four Eran- 
gelists; KP.da Cmlooa, Joshua commanding [he sun 10 stand slill; 110. 
Maralla, St. FUippn Vr 1; 66, Catcdonf, The four Doi:tOTs of Ihe Churehi 
111. XoraUa, Inlanl Corisl blessing; 81, B. CajHirlroM, Girl ™ horseback 
leading a berd of eattle ; 169, Ba«o/«rB;o, Portrait; 82. Zi, /■*(, Old woman 
spinDing; 109, Man/red', .ludllh; ST. T. Ohfii, V^nus and Adonis; 1S7, Tfn- 
tortUt, Qroup of heads (fragment); £8. L. atordaao, St, [lomlnio aubdulne 
tba humai passions; 9d. BarblrH, Adoia'ion of ibe Magi; 10, It. Si^o- 
Mam (VX Carnival scenes; IS'. M. fViU, Jesus bealing tbe blind man. 

Kuou V (Luggia), fnm rjghl to Isft li. CanalctlB, Plana Mayona M 
Borne; -lOO. .S'staii.ons d(l Piimbo, Bearieg of tbe Cross; 201. Kwn-i, Wo- 
man taken in admterr. S3, Brmitno, Portrait; 633. P.Wnwma,, Horse- 
"■" " "-Hng; OM A. iltFa-rdu VaaiSm. O. Com, InWriOM - BiT. 

Cunp (!), Portrait-, hO}. Vilatg-'a (?), toi 
893. n. Kmuitau, LandacapeS; 630, Co 

Helure GaiUry. PiANTES. 

JriBDier; 6U]. Bmdn, Btpratut Hifj&'en 
wcer Cun»iS0i BM. Cow*-' '" °" 

'Oman taken In adultery^ 
SauOrr-, Poitrail of ■ l»ilj-, 17. CmmliHo, Venice. 

ROOH VI, from rigbi to lefti A. Pom, 138. Si. Loiil» ol Oonn<» 
idPTipg the Inflnl Chrial, 134. ComoinnMin of St. Lonii of Qoni»g»i •»8. 
BetUaUi, Hutowia and Child; 6. CarimvH', DeliTeruee of Sk Fater; 
19b. BarUnri, Sneunai 140. Ouldo Sini, St. John the Baptist; i. AOam, 
IJantisiii of Chnat; 11 Qiorgint, Tiresiu rbanelng blmself into a woman; 

wltb' tboros; 86. Ghiriinidaiii, Hadonsa, Infanl €brl£', and John the Uap- 
liati 'l^i. A.dtl Sario, Cbarlly^aJO. £. da Vmtri (i), Madonna: Kb. PaeUi 
rvonac, Betrotbal of SI. CUbartn«; Si. Bonifai'o, UoIt FamllT and 
St. 8ehu[|Bn; IBS. A. M SarU, HoIt Family 36. C. Vertatu (?|, Voune 

Room VU (Oerma'a and Bpanlah icbools). From rletal to JeR: 3ff9. 
J. HMema; Fllgbt Into Kgfpti 127. i/clivAt lAi romfir, Podralti m, 
471. JlcBi, LandBcapu i^lli cattle; 511. Oarmim Btliool a/ He IBth uM., 
I'TonOBkl of marriage; 4U1. Ragmdat, Siege of a fortnU; KOB. ZiirAanM, 
SI. Lncla; 418. fioUnAamiNip, Adoralion of tbe Stae.-berdat S9S. A. Dvrtr, 
St. Cbrlilopberi 4U. BaOi^titlit Eiiir, Emp. Xaiimilian ).; 380. Dtmurpi, 
KnlTFamUTiWIl.Jiumfldiu, Battle; AUAirftr, -339. Converilnn ofMaUbew, 
■Sai. CbrlBt In tbe b.xiae of Eimoii lbs Fbariiee; -BBT. VnriUo, MadaDna; 
6?5. Bm-ra Ou Eldtr (1), Two monki; 679. Alanic Cane m, Holy Family; 
691;. lUbira, Christ am'ing tbe doctor'; fiS9. ifariUo, ADnunclation to the 
Shepherds; A80. V.Oarducci, Purtrail of bimielf; 617. ^pwi'i* ScluKl, 
St. Agslba; 698. g'bcra, SI. Jerome nitU a •knll; {IB. Hartorim H, St. 
Francis of Asgisl; RSS. /. dil Umio Jfari'nu, FoHraitoC aiaungprlDeeiii 
'58S. Vur/Hs, Blind old man; 607. rHo, Virgin and Child; m Omnle, The 
fijur seasoQS; 697. Bibtra, SLJerome; 684. Pa^luco, PortrMt. 

HoDi VIII, Irata ri^ht to left: 129. Honllaril, Adoration of the Sbep- 
lerds; 453. JfofencHT, Topera; _ 612. Tinn-i Me Fiiuivar, Butcher ; 837. Fm 
BoMch, Adi>ration of tbe Uagi; 101. Foaqtiier, Landscape (16%); DCTI. TmHn, 
Village fair; 412. rim do- llailta, Louis ZIV. hantlne al Fgnfainebleaui 
440. J.ifafafil?), Si. Jerome; 6SL .P. Il«n>«-m<», Riders; BW. S. dt rti. 
Family poriralls; 4^8, Siluatia, Pygmalion; 467. Monwer, 371. P. BmgM 
lAc Elilir, Landscapes ; SelMbrutr, 433. To^n, 433. Kumau peaaania dau- 
clo;; SJi. Van dir iotel. Sea-piece; 430. Ha)imatu, Landaeapei 161. Kb- 
««u O, Triumph or (he Haccaheea; 468 li. van Oiladi {1}, travellers' 
restine^ 4^9, /. Ocflu, Tobias returning to tola falbi:ri 4(K. f. Avmet, Cruel- 
fliiou; -6^ VIndchoMt, Landscape; 338. Van AUloot, Bel le-AlliancB near 
BrnssBia; 360. Bratmhurs^ Village-fair; 52», K&. C. dc Wail, Prodiga Sou, 
S46. SoiAxfivt, Sea-pteee; 15S. Uompei; Beaahore; SB^. J>t CrOfrr, Edoea- 
liOB of the Virgin; 626. Siwon d. Voi, Purtraiw; 417-460, T. Midvta, Sea- 

irife; 463. e. it'lla, landscape^ Vm' Bhim^n, SU.'lBls^imith, 363. Horae! 
men al a tavern; 483. Au^i/ad (?), Landaispe; 538. Jordatni (!), Old man: 
6IG. O.Vinlm (!), Virgin bdI Chi1>i; 61b. Van dt VOdc, Tbe flood Samarl- 
Uin; iS%. Pourim Ihc Toimi/n-, Prince Haurice of Orange; UH. J. JV, 
Hare-b^nt; 164. F. Jfolrn, Shipwreck; 161. F. Miitcl, Claaslcil landscape; 
400. Moiyaari (nai a. Fiinck}, Prodigal Son; 36f. J. Beth (V), U3. ran dtt 
Ximlat, I andecapes; 6<». 7cf»cri Ihi Kider, Peadatils playing u cards, 35S, 
Smideayni and BevU, Lan'tgraie witli cattle; 4ij7. Po^niilnirii, Buina at 
Rome, 469. Fovrlmi llii Eldrr, Potrralt df a lady; 3T2. BrutgJul On Eldtr, 
Forest- scene ; 407. F.Friinct, CaWary; 432, 431. Ifutunam, Laudaeapei; 
(80. KutoH, Portrait of a noman; 404. i*. fronct, Debarkati^jn of Cleopatra, 

— '— ' — ' :e: an. uiriitffiiH; Hea.piece; Ml. . 

a'O. P. gntaktl Out Eldrr . RfiR. J. J , __„ „„ , 

„ fat. Vim, -361, 
a canal, B48. Ai- 

; Sfo. F. Bruightl U> Elder, ^ J. Built, Landicapes 

:, 'Fjicaf Brutghel, Lai 
1, Landacape, 623. i' 
I, Repenianl Magdali 

M.dt r. 

Jardln de> Plania, 

Lanlacape ; 623. e. nan vuu (aftei 

495. Van iir BiUi, Portraili 836. L.iuttn, Uirifc Bnuiins j am. UnXnaw 
tlattr, Frederick II. of Prmiln IwiteMiloorsh 936- Teurnr*™, Portrait 
of the Mwoeouii family. 710. a. Flo»A*i, Beverj. —896 L. Sobtrl, The 
little aiberi; TOit. f, in/oroc*. Childhood of Pico de la Mirandolai 348. 
Saltttr, Camai^D, Ihe daoceri 670. Braicaitai, Catiie puturing; 710. Dtla- 
raclu, QIri on a gwlug. — 94T. B. ftnM, Abr&ham expelling Hagar and 
lahmael; TU. B. Flaadrin, Young girl; imUl pictures bj P. Dilanthe, 
Dial, L, Robtrl, A. Buic, Fapitt. Flandrm, Si Boiuliu. 

KoouX (Salle LitoT de St. fieilan), fi m right to left: 661. Bnucaual, 
Hull; 739. rmcA'fr, Portrait) 660, B61, 663, 666, 6d8, 669. BTOtcaual, Land- 
■capei and cattle; 918. B. VrrwL 'The dead ride laet'i 676. Caiat, LanS- 
aeapei SO. Rmfrattdt, Portt^l ut a woman; 912. Art Sdiffer, TDa cht,ri- 
labie child; 'G32. 1%. artunrmaii, Bitltmea preparini to Hart; 7eL Onu, 
Battle of Kaiareth) Ui. Vm Utr Usalm, Hunt In the forest of Fontaine- 

Booh XI, paintingl of the modern French 
■cape, 700. Di (^>«, Neapolitan motheri T 
706. BaatTtix, Arab chieflaiD a cepting ihe 
nnmber, F. Touwro-n, Useless monthii 7B0. 
iDg in Algaiia; mt. JttB, Atier the ball; 
mo-US and Stephen Vll. ; ftU. Boadr*, Oharli 

"eoomXII, moflero French «hool: 639. fl» 
691. Coml, llemocritus at Abdera. 

In Uie OiBCDLAS OiLLBH of me flrst flo 

lection of drawing! bj him. 

6R oXiat, rMT^l"'tha>et\ 

B. rnmmt,*, aaielle-hunt- 
aoo. J. p. Lma-au, Pope For- 
>tleCoTdaT,ri03b.'j. Ab«u, 

rrlat, Neapolllan flower-girl ( 

lOr: drawing), water-colourt, 
r Hantea (182*90, and a eol- 

Among the IreaiurM of the LiBKiar, on 1 
tbe Rue Oambetta), <i a 'KS. of Avvailini'i 
with miniatares aiecuted Id the Kudlo of Fc 

.hegrouitdfloor(eiileted f(Om 
luqnet for Philip de Comlnea 

a. IITG). 

The Jardln dw Fluttes (PI. Q, 3, 4) is partly lud oaC as ■ pub- 
lic promenide, with an elaboiate arTangement of lakea, 'wateifalls, 
rocks, grottoea, and othei artlflciat adoinments. It also contains fine 
gcoTss and avenues of magnoliai. Theia is a S. entiaace in the 
BouleTaid S^bastopol. A band plays In the garden on Sundayi. 

Wb may walk along the Quai de Is Fosse, which skltU the har- 
bauT, tnming aside, however, to visit the domed church of Natr*' 
Dame-dt-Bon-Port (PI. B, C, 3), built between 1846 and 1868, and 
richly decorated with sculptures and paintinge. 

The [<ne de I'HermiCage, to the right of the Quat d'AiguillQn 
(PL A, 4), leads to an avenue by which we may ascend to SU. Anne 
(beyond PI. A, 3), a modern church in the style of the 15th century. 
A staircase, at the top of which is a colossal cast-iron statue of 
St Anne, by Menard, also leads trom the quai to the avenue. A fine 
view is obtained from the t6p. The church is a pilgrimage-resort. 

From Nantee to firul, >ee B. 31, to Bordeaux, see BiHdaMr'i StvOtni 

Fioii N^^'Tia TO ChJIteidibukt (VOrl: ReiHia), 10 M., r^lway in 
IV, hr. (farei 7 (r. 15, 1 tr. 8B c, 3 fr. IS c). Starting from the Gare d'OrMana, 
llilt Hue runs through the beautifnl vallej of the Erdre, passing (16 H.) 
Jfori, where the river becomei navigable. 10 M, Chaieavtrlaal, aee p. 93U. 

FnoH K4HTU 10 P.mBunr, 36i/i M., rallwa; (Chemin de Far de I'EUU 
in !>/,.3 hrl. (farei 1 fr. 65, S fr. DO, 2 fr. !» c). The trains are formed 

r. Uei the thallon' Lac MO, 

05 a.) 01. Viand. — 36>lt H. PilBbisiir (Haiti TiimiMj, a decifCd lown 
iTitb 3l3t inhib., illuated on th« left tiiiDk of the I^lre, long pUjed >n 
impaiUDt ptil u Uw port of Ninles but haa been tapplntsd by 81. Ni- 
lalK. BUaaen In gammer to Uaatei and Si. Nii'alre. 

Fboh l^iHTKB ToPoiniv, SAH., railoay (Cbemln de Fee de TElal, u 
above) in IVrSVi hn. (fereB fi fr. SO, 4 fi 30, 2 fr. 80 cO- F'did Nauiea 
ID (19 H.) «. Bilain-dt-ChaUoiu, aee above. ~ 36 M. Bourgiuof-m-lliU 
(Cbeial Blanc). The small port of Ihit oaoie lies I'l, K. id (tie W, of the 
ilatton, OB a bay bordered bj Balt-maiahea. — SO M. La BtrnrrU <b a imsll 
taaport and balhiDg. reiorti SSVi M. Li CHoo. — SSVj H. PorniD (f<)MJ 
di JVoiKt,- do Jnii, R. 2>3 ft. I CWmAUai; da la J'laptI, a BDiiai leapott, 
which rank! with Le Ctoisie and Puralcbet (gee beJow) among the moit 
fteqaeited sea-bathing reioiti in this district. II li built on the slope of 
a hlU, Ibe top of which cominanilg a line view, aod poeseaaei a Ch»leaa 
of the 13-14111 cent., a CAsIyftu'a Bprinf, aod many pleasant vtllaa. In the 
nelibbonrbood mre several amaU sheltered coves, with fine sandy beaches. 
Poniic I) Iha (cent of Brawnlngs 'Fliine it the Fair'. A steamer piles 
Ibrlce dally in lummer to (Vj, br.) IToirmmUir (see fia«l«t«-'s SoaUim 
AVohm). — About G>/> ■' 10 Ihe W. of Porolc is Prifailtti (Ufitel Ste. Jturioi 
ll^oard), to which an omnibus in connection with Ihe Iriiins tuns in 1 Ur., 
a favourite seeslde-resori for the people of Nantes, the bcMh is pebhl; 
and the aea-waler vary Btiouf. In Ibe neighllDnibood is Quii-Duiird, with 
a chalybeate aprinz. Aboat 3 H. farthei to Ibe W., el the mouth of the 
Loire, we reach the PoiaU ds Bt. Oiiiai, opposite the Folnle du Orolsle 
(see p. 20!)- 

FiDM KiHiis to St. NiziiBi ahd Le Caoisic. To St Nauire, 40 U., 
railway In l>/t-3V< hr». (fares 7 fr. SO, 4 tr. 90, 3 fr. 15 c); «> Le Oroisic 
&5 U., Id S>/i SV< bra. (fares 10 fr. 30, 6 fr. SO, 4 fr. 46 c). — From Kanlea 
to C!4 M.) fioHoalr, lee E. 34. The railway to St. Nsialrc turns la the 
left and approacbeB Ihs Loin. Opposite, on the left bank, la aeen Paim- 
bffiaf (lee above). — 31 If. iloivef- Ferry to Paltnlxcuf, sii limes daily. — 
■ ■■- '- -- "--- '■-- -- a Segr« a-' 


.brlani(p.23a). -4011. 

Bt. Haiai 


r OT<md-Bdl 

X, R. 3" 


b. IV,, 

m- 3, U. 8Vt, pens. B I 


a. 84, B. ■/ 

.-J, ay 


2, D. 2'lt : 

fr, , Brilish 


a flouri* 

.Une lown wltl, 8S,618 

Inhab., ai 

tuated al 

of the I 


otl of Mantes and has i 


.tea has 

Its kltl 

lout Is of recent tteatio 

eth and 2iat 

f the Compaenla Ti 


1 for 

BoulhT """' ■ "■""'" 

ply thric. 

> and 



der set I 

lall from ; 

SI. K«°alM 

In 1746 




>!»», peni 

., 8-10 fr. 

% du Baim, 


1 beach for balhlng a; 

nd Is mi 

ii:h frequl 

>nted by T 

About a K. to tbe E. 

Is Sit. ifareueriUC 

H6tel de la 

Plaee, ] 

8.1! ft) 

, anolher popalat seasid 


i sandy be> 

eh and 


woods I 

ear the ebon (Enel. Chi 

la-BamU It the junction of tbe 


ne to (4 M. 

.} au4rande 


«nO, a 

lown with 6913 Inhab., 

'".'■''«' 5); 

IFalJ. of 11 


cont^nini an Interesting church of the I2-iaih ece 
WcM Is a piclDreique old gateway flanked by two mj 
I pointed eapt. — la fault (HStel de la B&ule, penj 
la-bathing place and has a pine forest. We now 
ihes. — 6i'h M. I« Poollgoen (Or. -Bit. Jfiphmi; 

320 of Ihelr shlpi (B.C. 66), CsMiir, who h»d wilclied lh« baitle from 

r 'field Kerfflo, R 3-6, S. li/<, D. Ifr.i CM«or«, peM. i'/t-T fr.'i dtt Btran- 
^1 or SAvjoa, peni. T fr.| two bBih-eitaMiibineBU), i liille tofrn sod 
n^liinf'poTl wUh 3437 Inhib., liiustea on a nnnll ha; nsor Uu eiIr«Dity 

compiraiwely f«w Utrictlong. The church dtUa from llie 15-161ti ci 

34. From Nantes to Brest. 

321 '^ «. BiiLWii Id 9>/,-10'/i hrs. (f»re« 33 tr. 06, 22 fr. 36, M ft, 

I. TioB Huitan toiTMUM *Dd Annj. 

Tu Kofifiu, esi/i v., RuLVru in Si/rV/i bn. (fBrei 8 (r. 16, S fr. «>, 
3 fr. 16 c). From Vsnnea lu (12 M.) .dwa» In ■/> >». (tariM 2 Ir. 26, 1 fr. 
50 c, i fr.}. -- For Plsu/iarncl, Carnoe, ete., stt p. 380. 

Nanlfi, Bee p. 243. The tr&in ciossea tbe Mwn and skirta tlie 
Loire. — ^/i M. I.i Bourie. Fine viev o( th« harboni to the left. 
2'/2 ^' (^A("iI«nay-*ur-Lofr«, conoected with Nantes by tremwa]' 
(p. 243). The iBlIway continues to Gkirt the rivet. 

6 M. Baite-Indre is the station alio tot Jndrtl, with ita et- 
tCDsive matine-eoglnB woita, on an island to the left. 9V2 M. 
Coueron, with large glasa-works and an BBtabllahmant working in 
argenliteTous lead; 14 M. St. Elimnt-dt-ManUuc. — 24 M. S-'Ut- 
nay {Ballet; USt. de Brotagne), junction foi St. Nazaiie, aee p.^1. 
In 1793 the V«ndeans weie defeated here by KUber and Marceaa. — 
33 H. Pont-Chdte<m, the janction of another line toSt. Nazaite (see 
p. 232). Beyond (42 H.^ Sivirac the railway eroBsea and then skirta 
the canal fiom Brest to Nantes. Lines to Rennes (p. 206) and Sabid 
(.p. 232) diverge to the right. The Vitaitu is crosaed. 

tween Brest and N'antes. U'he interesting old Ckurch of Si. SauBtar 
(12-14th cent.), near the railway, to the left, haa a central towel 
of the 12th, and a detaclied W. tower of the 14th century. 

The canal and the Ousl, a tributary of the Vilaine, are crcssed. 
From (61 M.) Malaviac a diligence (Wc.) plies to (3M.) the interest- 
ing old town of BoehtfoTt-en- Terre (Lecadre), near the VaOes of tht 
Art and the Landtt dti Lanvaia, hoth frequented by artists. — 
68 M. Qutitemberl ([161. du Ooramerce). 

A btancb-r^lwaj nms benee to (20'/. M., In 1 H^ hr.) Pl^rmil, jomlni 
there kBDiher Hue fron La froAinUri (p. 210). Tbe eonnlrr tnierud i> 
bleak and uninteniHnE flandet'), but kbonridi in roAe monolilbls bob- 

nmuili. — Flsfrmd fSMd ilii ConHmra, R, 2, l^j. ocD. S'/t Tr. i il( JVanct), 

90 InhBb., itlll nt^DI part of its old wills of '^s IGlti oe 
' ' ^ ' wl, nbuJll in the ISth cent.. It eiDl>elliab< 

Terr flnc Islenl portil ind good lUintd glui of Ibe leUi cenl.i 
oa in tlU[-p<ec< daring from the ITth cent., ud n curloni old 
1th coll.), deconted with sUtuei. — From PlDeroiBl a nUni)' 
rum >1B BCTenl tmall stitions to 01i/> >■) Uiuac (p. 'i08) anil thence lo 
(S6 H.) (MillHuMaitf (p. 293). 

FHOa FLOimiiL to Loitiii.T, ll'li »., loul nilwiT In S'/i bn. (fire) 
S fr. 90, b fr. 90g.). — Sen H<l, v.) OiiiUac, lo the let! of the lln«, riael 
■ modem nirunid, eommemontlDe the famous OmilMl tf TMrIg, fought 
between 80 Breton and BO English kolghU in IBM. After a most ungnl- 
□ary contABt th4 Conner^ cwmmanded bj Joan de BeanmanoiTt Tanqulshed 

authority of comparatively modem Breloo poets; the oames of the oonquar- 

or.-.. °.S '..). .„.. -----•■- -!i,>,.o>.c 

igllsh wen 

jiliiTfSr!'."!".". , 

landed By iiic BouiaUtBtUiaU-llithjiBBl., 

In which the famous Coan^lable de Glisson died in 1107. It belonga to the 

(IHh cent.) conlaina the cenuiaph of the Const&ble, with white marble 

Is made la this spot an the Tue>d*7 in WhlUuo-Week. — ttX. Lomini. 
Beyond (il'/j M ) Baad Ihe line croMea the Blacit. 66 ■. Flonay! 717, M. 
I,oriHU (p. aSB). 

77 M. Elven. The village of that name Uea 372 M. to the N. 
[omn. 60 c). About 1 M. to the 3.W. U the rained castle of 
Largouet tl3-15th cent.), with two towers (65 ft. and 130 ft. high). 

Henrj of Richmond [afterwarda Henry VH-t and bis unclB, the Ktrl 
of Pembroke, wrecked on Ihe cout on their flight after Ihe battle of 
Tewkesbury In ItH, were imprttoned here by Uie Dnke of Brittany. Henry 
reaiained here nearly fifteen years, before he elTecied his escape lo France. 
8372 M. TiuuiB* t*H6tel du Commerce, R. 3, D, 3*/! fr.; 
da Dauphin, R. from 2, D. 3 fr. ; dt France, B. 2V<-3'/* ff- ! "^ ^'■*- 
tagne), vith 23,376 inbab., the capital of tha depattment of Afor- 
bihat), is situated on the Conltan, about 3 H. from the Qulf of Hoi- 
bihaa (p. 264). It has ■ imall bubour. Sevsial of the housea in 
the old tOTD, which Ues about 7i U- 'tom the station, are yety 
quaint and picturesqne. 

VaoBei was Ihe chief lown of the rttnH, a Beifaring people, whose 
lBr;e and Strang ships, equipped with chain-cables and lealhem saila, 
used la ilalt Britain. They were Ihe most implacable foes oF the Bomans 
ip Armorica (p. 2M2). Vannes formerly played a coaspleaous part In the 

ToraiDS to the right at the station and farther on following the 
Avenue Tictor-Hugo (to (he left) and the Rue du Men* [to the 
right), we reach the Grande Place, in which are the BStd de VUU 
(1884 ; small Mne^e) and the Coliigt Jidei Shnon (rebuilt lii 1886), 
with a chapal of the 17th oentory. 

The Cathedral of 8t. Piern, which we teach by a street opposite 
the B«tel de Ville, dating from the 13th and Ihe 1Q-I8th centuries, 
has a Urge W. portal (rebuilt in 1876) flanked by towets of unequal 
height. The apsidal chapel is dedicated to the Spanieh Dominican, 

254 Roufi 3*. HORBIHAN. From NanU* 

St. Vioeent FerriBt, bom >t YtdantU in 13o7, wlio died it TsniieB 
in 1419. His tomb is in the N. transept 

TbB Porte St. PaUm, « little behind the cathedial, ia a BonlTal 
of the old foTtiflcations. To the right \t tbe luge modem Priftetvre, 
from a street before which we have a good yiew of the City WalU 
of the 14-17th cent., tha principal relic being tite Tour dti Cotmi- 
labU (11th cent), bo named becanee tha Coanftable de Clisaon was 
conflned here in 1387 by tbe Duke of Brittany, jnet as the fonnei 
was on the point of mailing a descent upon England on behalf of 
Charles VI. of France. On the opposite side, behind the park of 
the PrSfootnre, is tbe Framenadt de la Oaretmc. 

The flrat bridge to the Tight leads to the Place dee Lices, No. 8 
in which contains an Arehaeoioglcal Aftuntm (50c.} and a Utueum 
of Natural Hutory (open Sun. 12-3). 

The Ene St. Vincent leads thence to the HarbouT, To the tight 
is tbe Promtnade de la Bablnt, with a monument to Lt Sagt (see 
below). The Bue du Port, with a quaint old house (16lh cent), arid 
the Rue Thiers slilrt tbe other side of tbe old town. Tbe Corn Market, 
the P<dai> de Juitiee, and tbe Post Office stand in a large sqnaie to 
the left. The Bue Thiers ends at the Place de rHStel-de-Ville. 

Tbe Mlrbihu ('Little Sea'), lo the 8. of Tannei, it a hay or (nit, 6 K. 
long and 11 M. broad, almost landlocked b; Ibe ftnAuuloi a/ HhuitfE.) 
iHaqaiTiyv.t p. 261), bctwesD Uw utnmitlei orwhlebii aehsn- 
^H. wide.-] The galf hu a flat and very Irregnlar eoul-line, 
" ' -■■' ■ '■-- - la ply in nuBtner 

of Vannes 11 honra varjine wilb the 

billi) to Conleau, 

itae lie am Muinu, Port Bayalo, ac 

((arM2Be., TOc, 1 

■/.. and li^fr.i retqrn-fareaVi, 1.3, u 

louehlt.g.1 tbefl, 

< C™lB»., on Ibt rigM, wUch i. en 

B ''M a D .d"« s se » ^ Iv = 
Barami and tbe lighihonBe of ai. aa*H, Skirting the lit 'dArraOen, >' 

lu Tillage. The ateamer ileers iirnia Ibe i.pen bay, Itien pickg i^ v 
between OrMac and Dtraer, Oarr'tnU (witb a fine lumulna and dolme 
boat frDin Locmariaquer 6-8 fr ) and Ibe Ihdtla Jwatut, and afler round! 
the MouUa Soct alops al Fori Nmalo (Hut, dei Voyaceun. ruatic), a ami 
Bablng-iillage near tbe eitremity of (he Peninaula of Rhul'. Wt lb 
■ ■ ■ - • ■ r (p. 261). - ■ ■ 

alao slieg from Tannca to Ibe lit d'Jri, Lt Logio. and 2'tmj (farta GOc, 
i'U. 3 fr„ rttnra i, 2, a'/s fr). About '}, H. beyond Kern€ lie Ibo village 

PaoK Vanhis to (Ifi M.) Suiiiu and (19 H.) St. Gi'wtB (n«i<n«la 
ofgJiati), motor- omnibua. starling from the Rue du Hen«, CIO (rarea IVi^ 
Ph fr., retura 3 A 3>/t Fr.), and akirting lb* E. ghore of tha XorbUun via 
<SM.) JTofab). - Banaau (Maui Lrnfi; AOOO inbab.), near the centre of 
the peaiDiula. is ibe birthplace ol Lt Bagi (1668-1717), author of 'Oil B lag'. 
About a If. to the B.E. la tbe CMItm <li AuisMff, tbe anmmer-reiidence of 
tbe dnicaa of BiitUny , founded in the IStb cent., but partly rebuilt In tbe 
19th. On the eoial, 31/1 H. to tbe S.W. oi Saneau. la Si. OlUai- Ot-IOuU 
(Hot. Glcqnel), with an old abbcv-cburch and a CDnveal, of which Abelard 
was abbot for anme time- JVt Awalo (lee abov„) Ilea 6 K. to Ihe W. (7 M. 
^om SaiteaiiJ. — Al tbe olbcr eitremily 0! (be penlnanla la the lltUa 
batliiBK-res'irl of Dam^an- 

a to dV/i H.) £«nM, 



to Brat AURAY. 3*. RovU. 2,bb 

931/2 H. Bte. Ann*. About 1^4 M . ta the N. Is 8te. Anna-d'Annty 

(omn, BOo.; Riltldt France; Liond'Or), oneoflhemostftequBnted 
pilgiilQ-casoitB In Brittsn^, where numeTons iateiesting snd dis- 
tinctive costnmeB mt,y be leca, especially in Whitsan-Week end on 
Jolr 26tb (St. Anne's Day). A handaoioe modern church has been 
boilt here in the Benaisssnce atyle , with a tower Burmounted by a 
flgace of the Eaint. At the end of the village, on the Auray road, ie 
a Monument io the Comte dt Chambard (1(^20-83). 

96 M. Anray (Biiffet- H6tti 1 •H6tel d« Pavilion; du Lion d'Or 
it de la Potle, R. 2-5, D. 3 fr.), a picturesque town of 648a inbab., 
with a small harbout on the Losh, lies about i^/^ M. to the S.E. of 
the Btation. In the Place de 1a Maiiie and in the vicinity of the 
IGtb cent, church of Si. Qouitan [on the opposite bank of the rivei) 
are several intoreEtlng old houses. Ainay forms excellent head- 
quarters for eTcurslons (see below). It is also one of the leading 
centreB of the oyster-oultuie of France. The battle of Aniay, fttoght 
in 1364 between Charles of Blois and John of Moatfoit, resulted in 
the defeat and death of the forcaet. 

A mils to Ihe N.W. or tbe ststlDB Is the Chartrimu i-AMrds, nnw <n 

(vtnltors idmlited). ereelad In l^^l^^n memorT of 9Ga 'Bmigr^s' captured 
at Qaiberen in 1795 (sea below) and pal Io death in this nelgblionFhool 
on the gpot now marked by a ChapiHi EiptaMri. — A picluToqitB w^k 

KiUway to «. Kritut via Pontivy" aee p'. 212. - To uirifrfr-™, fl™- 
/lanm, Canmc, and Loanarlaq^cr, let B.. ib. 

II. Pram Anray ta Lgriant ud aalmper. 
To Lorieit, U'h N., Railway in 16-W min. (farei Itt. 5, 2 fr. TO, 
IfT. TBc). — From Lorlent Io Qaiiwir, 40i/i M., in Ulri'/t hr. (rareiT fr. 

To the right, beyond Aara)',appaaTstheOhartrense (see above). — 
1031/2 M. (from Nantes) Landivant. The railway crosses the Bta<.et 
by a viadoot 80 ft. high. 

112 M. Hannebont (H6ttl du Comnura; de France), a small 
seapon with 8T0O inhab., is finely Eituated on the Blavet, tbe banks 
of which afford a pleasant promenade. The Qothic church of Sfatre- 
Dame-de-Paradie, said to have been built by the English, dates 
from the 16th century. The relics of the old fortifications include 
a Gothic Oatemay, by which we enter the old quarter known as the 
VilU'ClOie, where a few quaint old limber-front houses of the 
16-17th cent, still linger. Hennebonl is noted for Its spirited de- 
fence by Jeanne de Uontfott in 1342-46, described by Froissart. — 
I.orient and its harbour appear on the left. The Bcorffis crossed- 

117 M. Lorient. — Hotda. Gsinp HBtii di BKETacHE, Kne Victor. 
Utati 10; ou Ctsne, Bue Sully, K. 34, B, >/<. ^^j- ^'It, O. 3 tr., inci. wine ; 
MoDEimi, Rue de Finittire 09; Li Ool, Rne Ste. Pierre, comer ol Piau 
Alaace- Lorraine; di l'Eubopi, Rue VidOF-Hasad 16; di Fbaijce, Place 
d'AlaacB-LorrMoe, d^j. 2Vi Ir. — Oafia, Omnd, OsaHnmial, Place d'Alaace- 
Lotr^ne; otbeta Id tbt Rne de U Com^die. — £ii/U, at tlie etation. 

Amtricaa Oaniolar Afent, M. Lion Deprei. 

'Job Routt 3d. LORIENT. From Hantt! 

Loritnl, s fortifled miliUry and commarcinl port, with 44,640 
inbab., le situited od the ScotIT, near Its Junction with the BUvet. 
It iru fonnded, under the name of I'Orient, in the 17th cent, by ths 
powerful Compagnle des Indea Orientales, nho eBteblished their 
ehip-boilding yarde beie. When the company oollapsed after the 
capture of Bengal by the British in 1763, the dockyards and woika 
wore purchased by the ttate. 

The town is well built but uninteresting. The Bus Victoi-Hassd, 
diverging to the right from the ptolongation of the Oours Chazelle, 
leads to the Place /fAUaci-Larraine, the principal square. The Rue 
des Fontaines, quitting the latter at its left angle, condueta os to two 
amatler squares, in one of which is the Church of St. LouU (18tb 
cent.) and in the other a bronze Sbitue 0/ RisJon, a young uaval lieu- 
tenant who blew up his ship in 1827 to prerent Its falling into the 
hands of Greek pirates. To the left of St. Louis is a small Municipal 
Muteum (open on Sun. and Thnrs., 12 to 4 or 6; on other days on 
application). The Coars de la Boia, to the right of the church, leads 
to the o^mmeicial harhour (see below); in this promenade is a 
*8tatut of Victor M-iiif i;l8!H-84), the coropoaer, by Merci«. The 
Rue du Port leads from this statue to the dockyard. 

To Tiait the Dockyard, with the eiception of the part near the 
Place d'Atmes, which is always open, foreigners require a special 
permit fVom the Ministry of Marine. At the entrance is a Signal 
Tovcr, 136 ft. in height. The arsenal is interesting, though not so 
important as that of llrest. There are also workshops at Caudan, on 
the left bank of the Seorff, which is crossed by a floating bridge. 

The Commerciaf Harbovr lies at the S. end of the dockyard, 
between the town proper and a new suburb. It includes a dry dock 
and a Soatlng-dock. The trade is chiefly connected with the re- 
qnirements of the dockyard. 

The Boadtltad, beyond the two harbours, Is formed by a deep 
and safe bay, 3Vi fd- long, with a fortifled island in the middle. 

The first side-street to the left beyond the commercial harbour 
brings us to a square with a Statue of Britevx (1806-58), the poet. 

U (he email Foniiled lown oF Port-Ls 

ii (Sm d. la MarlM), with 3TO1 in- 

hab ilso of recent orlelo. It la f 
inbrti.a«t« or the neiBtUurbood. 

ng-resort bj Ibe 

every </, hr. (16-20 mia. i farf 36, 30 c 

— On the oppojfte 

I, ^>a TiiTttd hy pIlBrims. ~ The 

iaUnd of arcix (HSI. Etuse), ^'li H. 

from Port LDuli. ah 

uT'caier"; 'aoS 

tff.eo, Ifr.aOc, raluraSfr. 60.!. 
Local T>il»ay trnm Loiieot (o H 

steam bo al from L 

riant dally (fare 

Srmil, vii Plouan, a 

ep. 263. 

n^ti. Oeitel. NearOuimperl 

the railway cross 

s the Laita by 

a viaduct 108 ft high. 

R. 3-4, pens. 8 fr. 

du Commerce ; 

to Brest. QUIMPER, Si. Routt. 357 

confluence In the Breton tongue). Tba more conspiououi ehuTdi ia 
that of 51. MicM, intXng fTom the ll-15Ui centuries. The otliei, 
Bte. Croix, erected on the model at the ehorcb of the Holy Sepulchia 
st Jeruealem, end lebuilt since 1862, contains an old lood-scTeen 
(16th cent) and a crypt of the 11th cent. 

BrMch-line from qulmperl* to (13 M., ie BB min.) Pont-Aisn CSei. 
Villa Julia; aioa«4c, plain), a pictnre«)ue 'illage lo ibe S.W., mncU 
frequenied bj artiiW. On ifce right bmk of the impetuous Avm, wlib ila 
Dumerons mills, ia the CTrdfenu rfu H<non (i5-16lh eentl, 3Vi M. from Pont- 
Aian. A 'nounier' pilei from Punt-Aven la CooMrneau (seo belowl. — 
Another dillgencv pliea iw*-'- ■"-:"" r-^^^ i*rt«<_4.*». ^i ik» ...^itv 
ds Cornofri ani the J»^ cj 
f ouldn {--ffill- ^nil^m;, a en 

ehspel of Ihs ISlh cent., ci 
(13 H.) Lb Faonet (OrBii d 

laa M. BannaUc (6040 inhab.) is within 7 H. a( Pont-A^en (eee 
above). — 147 M. Boapordtn ('Hatel Continental). Branch to Cat- 
haii. see p. 213. 

A llraDch-rallnay rum from Boiporden to (10 H.) CsncarDeau (n»it 
da Vtfafturi; Grand Sdttt; dt Fraua), a towD with 7633 Inbab., eoEagcil 
in Ibe urdlne-flsher;, and a good harbour, pictureaquely litnsled en the 

iS; Tm-a^.. M 

t from the ICth oen 


ered. ^-Oonca™*. 

i at the Pardon, 

E. 7f nonurDMU 

, beqnealhed with 

168 M. ftttimpBr (^•HSltl dc VEpit, R. 3-4, B.l, d«J. 3, D. Si/jft.; 
duParc, B. from 2, B. 1, dtfj. 21/5, D. 3 fr.; both In the Sue duParc; 
dt Franci, Uqb da la Prefecture, K. 2-3, D. 3 fr.; Buffet, at the 
Btfltion), 'a pleasant riTer-side city of fables and gables', the capital of 
the depaitmeni of FinUtire and the seat of a bishop, occnpies a Una 
situation at the confluence of the Steir and the Odet. Pop. 19,441 . 

TiiB •Cathbdbal 01 St. Cohbntin, near the quay on the right 
bank, is one of the flnest Gothic adillcee in Rrittany. Though ile 
construction extended over two centuries (13-16th), it is maiked by 
great unity of plan. The Portals are richly sculptured but have 
suffered from the hand of time. The spires on tha towere are modem. 

The CAm'r, the asli of nhlch is not parillei wil£ tbit of the nave. Is 

glui (both nncisDtand modern), themnral painlings (chieflrb; YanDartm, 

cent,, snlthetomhi of the blebopa The nigh AUar \t a gargeonl modern 
work in gilded hronie, adorned with it&tueltei and bigb-Teliefa. 'vK 

258 RouU 34. PENMARC'H. from Tfani 

The Place St. Gacentin is embellished with ■ Stalue ofLahmtc, 
the physician C1781-I82*), Inventor of the stethoscope, who was 
born st Quimper. The liStel de Viile, containing the public Ubtuy, 
is also in this square. 

The Muste, in the building to the left, Is open daily, 12 to i. 

On tliB eroundSoor are two roomi containing an IntcrMllne ^rchae^- 
Isgiral CollKlim, and a group of U Hgarei Oluetratlng Bretoa CDBtamei. 
The Orit floor cont^ni a Piclurt Oallerv, with Beveral good eiamplss of old 

li by 'Atauo Cami (Its Virgin presenting Ig St. Ildefonan a chasubla em- 
broiderM hy berselt), in the aecond room to thB left at the entrance. The 
ilasie alio conUJus a laluable collecMoD of ongraTinga and some aculptuiei. 

The mordernised Lycfe, farther an in the same direction, pr&- 
serves part of the old Town-Wallt. — The etieet In front of the 
cathedral crossei the Stoir, a tributary of the Odet and paesea near 
theCburch ofSl. Mathieu, which dates trom the loth cent, and was 
recently rebuilt, with a handaome modern tower. — On the other 
side of the Odet, at the foot of Mont Frugy, Le the Friftctare and 
the AlUei de Locmaria, The Komanesqne CInirch of Locmaria 
(11th cent.), it the end of the Allies, is interesting. There is a 
small harbour on the Odet, 10-11 H.Jrom the eea. 

About II H. from Quimper (boat 13-15 ft.), at the mouth of the Odet, 

PBHMiKo'ii. To Pont-VAbh 


40-55 mln 

(fare. 2 fr. 45, 

ifr, 66,1 fr, 10 c.) 



) lo U'h 

M.) Penmarc-h (l 

/,fr.>ai.d O'/iM.) 

t. Gai 


lU M. Comtrtl-TriiRioe. The ehureh of Combrfl, I'/t 

M. from 

game latenutio 

wood-caninga. Abcmt i H. to the 

!h6 right 

Oank of the Ode 

■ re the iDtareiling 


3 Of tbe 

ennoH. — ISM. Po 



n tains 


lent, and a Caidt (' 


er of the I3lb ae 

tury. The local co 


bare a» 

y. Omntbua (M t) 

daily Id 

:iM.)i.Dciudj;(H91. deiBal 

I, very fair), a pletiai 


■c-h (proi 

lomanasque cbur 
•penmat') JJSI. 

h Ireitored). 
d< HrfilnsTM), a villa 

e with 6068 iB- 

Kb century. The ptlncipil church i» Ihsl uf SI. Aonna, daling from tbe 
Ith century. — Oa (be Foinlt de Ptnmarc'li it the P/iari iTEctmm, a light- 
ouie SOO ft. Id baigbt, erected in IBSS-ST, with an eleetrie light vlaible to 
diaUnce of 60 H. 

St. Ou«uale (Orond B6ltl, dij. 3 tr.i di Brctagni), a imall aaa-port 
Dd betbing place, wiib a pictareaiiue chnreh-lower ot tbe 16tb cent., la 
lluated on i rocky asd daDgeroni coast (comp. p. 260). 

FaOH QOIKFIB TO DODIBNBHBZ XHD AlrlllEBIIB (FoistB du Bai), 371/1 M., 

lilway <n H/4-a hr«. (farea 4 h. S6, 3 ft. 5B, 2 fr. 56 o.). — IB M. Souannea 
UiUldsC^mmtrai di Fraud), a town with 12,865 inhab., aituated on a 

tcaroer In summer to (•/, 14.) ifcivol (p. 219). Bleamer lo Breal, lae p. aiS! 
- The pardon (last Sun. Id Aug.) of Sl>. .^nfH-Ia-i>aliM, 7 U. to the IT. of 
ouarnenfi, attract) ahont 90,000 visitors aonuallj. 

At Doontnene?, carriages are obanged for tbe local line to Audlema, — 
4 M, poat-C'-oIx (2850 inbab.), with a curious old collegiate church, Stlrt- 

Damt-cU-RetcudM (tS-lGlli cent.). ~- 3Ti/i H. Andlnva (Cu Oimmtra! Ot 
Ftana) vita once Ilka PetmULrc-h (p. 2tlli) &b im[>orlut towD, but now 
coctftlni only 1677 InbsbilanW. — The ■Point* du Bu (c&rr. B-13 fr.), ths 
weitoTDmoil point of Finlttbre, B'k U. rmm Audleme, eonunindi ms ilmoit 

tba Sdtol is Bar d. a*i (opan from Jane'lo Oel.; R. S, B. *',, iij. 21/,, 
D. 3 pans. 8i/a fr.). It i> limsrdaul to proceed to lHa N., lovirdi llu Sk/it 
di Flognff mi the Bad dv Trlrauis, wftbont minata Instiacllou and 
piKBulioni (Edlde adTlgable; I ti). — About 6 M. to the W. of the polol 
la the lelet of 3iln the Sma of IhB aacieata, once the teat of > Srnid 
auclDHrj end oruie. 

m. From QnlmpflT to Brest. 

61 M, KAiiwii tn Vl,-Bfl, n™. (tare. U (r. 86, T tt. 95, 6 fp. IBcJ. 
Baal rlein to the left on thli pletureiqae ponte. 

Beyond Qolmpei tbe lailw&y ciosees the Odet, tiaverseB a tunnel, 
■nd then, bending notthwaid, aacends the volley of the Sttir, wbich 
it repeatedly CTOSEes. 169 M. (from NaDteB)^<ni/n^ven. WecroBsa 
Tiiduct 80 ft. In height. 

176 M. CMtOMlin {HBtel de la Grand' Maison, plain), a town 
wtth 3874 Inhab., pictuiesquely eituated on tbe navigabie Aulnt. In 
the neighboiirhaod are impoTtanC slate-quarries. The only relic of the 
castle, which stood on a rock on tbe left bank of tbe Aulne, is the 
Qtapel af !iotrt-Dame, dating bom the 1&-I<)tb centuries. 

A itumbokt (2 h.) pile! twice weekW from Ptrt-Laanay, (be barbonr ot 
ChlteanJin, l>/t M. down tbe river (omnibus), (0 Bral (n, 21B) Id & hrs., 
touching at taHous inteTmediale piscu. - A diligence raui dtilr from 
CbileauUn to (31 M.) Ooiob In I htt. (fare B ft.). — HiyMt (6689 iBhab.), 
1 M. to the y.B. of Cbileaolla, baa a Oullilc ehureh and a curioii) cal'ary, 
reHmbliog that at Plougastel (p. 316). 

The river is now ttossed by means of a viaduct, 390 yds. long 
and 160 ft. high. The dietrict becomes billy; and another viaduct, 
130 ft. high, is crossod. 185 M, Qaimere-h. Beyond a tunnel, '/, M. 
long, we see the roads of Brest on the left. 192 M. Hanvic. — The 
name of (193'/3 M.) Daoulat is said to be derived from the .Breton 
words 'tjn>uslr:r daou lat\ meaning 'monastery of the two murders', 
and the legend relates that the monastery here was originally found- 
ed in eipiation by a knight who had slain two monks at tbe altar 
in the 6th century. T)ie chief remains of tbe monastery are parts 
of tba church and cloisters, dating from the 13th centntf. A dili- 
gence (1 l^.J plies hence to (7 M.) Plougastel (p. 216). — Another 
viaduct is crossed, V* M. long and 120 ft. high. — Beyond (203 M.) 
Dirinon the railway descends towards the Mom and crosses the river. 
— 210 M. Laademean and thence to (221V2 M.) Bresl, sea p. 216. 

35. From Aaray to Qniberon. Flonharnsl. Camac. 

BuLWiT to Quiitrm, IWi H., la >/•-! ^'- (fsru 3 'r. 15. 2 fr. 10, 1 fr. 


(coming from Em to &h I) Cari'm: miid (ei/i U.) La Trfnili. 

La Trinity ■ cairiaea (about 6 fr.) ms; be litred to Lermariaqtur, G'/i N. 


[4mou8 'i^ineji may ruaa ue TiBiifia 
I bslf'i-dsy. — A di1benc« <l>/i fr.) 
bt. to (8'/: M.) Locmiuftiqu«r, wUcli 
any bj aUling-boU io iWut 3 hn. 

migalllhic fruDeworU of ebambered cbIidi denuded of tbe cuverinj; mouod 
of urlh. A eerlei of Bdj&cesl dolmens la an Allii Couta-U. CromUeA 
(crom = curved, lech = stone), wblcb In Engllsb ^a s dimmed ifnaiiTia for 
dolmeo, means in France s stone circle. A Plirrt Branlonlf ia ■ block 
tialuced upon inotlier. A Oalgal or Tumulul is i sepulchral mound. 

Auray. 688 p. 255. — 4'/2 M. Ploemtl. — Befors reaching 
[8'/2 M.) PiouAamel- Comae (Hfitel dea Menbirs) we (see the JMoi- 
hiri of Vieux'Moulin to the right. The village of Plouhatnel lies 
aboDt 1/4 M. to tbe left of the railway [see below). — The line now 
tnna along the PminmUi of Quiberon, 6 M. long, the narrowest part 
of which is defended by Fort FenViiivrt. At (14 M.) St, PUrre 
are seTerat groaps of menhirs and dolmens. 

IT'/a M. ttniberoa (Hotel de France: FcnOiiivre), a town with 
3300 iiihab. and a small se&-bathing establiehment, la situated netii 
the eitremlty of the peninsnla. About 6000 French 'EmigrSs' were 
landed here in 1795 under the protection of the guns of the British 
Beet, but were met and defeated by the Republican forces under 
Hoche. SotDfl 1800 escaped to the llritisb ships; the rest died on 
the field or were put to death afterws,ide. A etatoB of General Hoche, 
by Dalou, was erected at Quiberon Sn 1902. 

Good anchorage may be obtained in the Bay of Quiberon. The 
harbour of Quiberon Is ati*of( Maria, where there are also sardine- 
curing factories. Port Haliyuen lies about ^/i M, distant, on the E. 
coast of the peninsula. 

.), (ht 

for ■ (U 

arB! a'/i. a t 

11 M. loig 

and'stBM. hroid 


la Le Palaia (NfUl du C 

«»».>■«,- d< 


), wili, i96t 

bla llae of fortiBcadon , 

ne modem 

ne dallng fr 


ra CDgaged 



There ii a 



me. Sarah Berntrdl baa a 

ancient tjr 


with remJ 


grottoes; th 

FIoDlmruel (tramway from the station to Camac and La Trinity, 
eee pp. 2f)9, 2(il) is surrounded, like Camac, by Ancient Stone 
Manumenti, most of which lie to the W. of the village, scattered on 
either side of the load. The principal monumenle are easily found. 

of Cdrnac. GARMAG. 3S. finite. 261 

The Dolmtn de Kergavat lies to the left of the TO»d to Oaraac; the 
Dolmen of Buntito and the DaUnem- of Mani-Kerioned a little to 
tha N.E., to the left and right respectively of the toad to Aaiaf. 

The more distant moaumente nay be Tieited by the Tbahimi 
mentioned on p. '259. Immediately to the ligbt of the branch (o 
Ete), beyond the railway, ace the Menhirl of Vievx-Movtin, and at 
Oucunn, the first station, is tbe large Dolmen of that name. Near 
[3 M.) Erdeven ate the Linea of Erdevcn, conaisting of 1030 menhirs 
reeembling tboee at Camac (see below). — 6 M. Etel, the terminus 
of tbia branch, is a amall fishing- village. — The tramway running 
from Plouharnel in the opposite direction (a.E.) leads first to — 

21/2 M. Camfto (H6M dts Voyagtun), even more celebrated 
than Plouharnel for its ancient remains. The ITth cent, church, de- 
dicated toSt.Gom^ly, patron of homed cattle, has a curions porch on 
the ({. Bide. Closebyia the interesting fountain 0/' 51. Com^. Tbe 
Museum (50 c], to the right of the road from Oainac toljocmariaqaer, 
owes its origin to Mr. Miln (d. 18S1^, a Scottish antiquary, who made 
Important excavations and discoveries in this neigbboutbood. Farther 
on thelett, tisestheWonlSl. JlficAei, aVIgsl'Ttunmlus, 65 ft. high 
and 260 ft. in diameter, consisting chlefiy of blocks of stone heaped 
np over a dolmen. Fine view from the top, including the 'Lines'. The 
famous AUgnemtnti ofCamac, situated about '/^ M. to tbe N. of the 
village, near the road to Auray, consist of three principal groups of 
respectively 874, ^5, and 262 sunding-stones (there are said to , 
have been originally 12-15,000), arranged on a moor in the form 
of a quincuni, and forming 9 or 10 avenues. Some of these stones 
are fully 16 ft. high, and some are estimated to weigh at least 40-60 
tons. Tbe largest are in the Kerlescan group, beyond a farm on the 
right. About 1 M. to the E. of Carnac Is a piece of moorland named 
the Bossenno or Boceno (6o«nfeu^ mounds), where Ml. Mi In's ex- 
cavations brought to ligbt what tsbelieved tobeaOallo-Romantown. 

From Carnac the tramway proceeds, passing the salt-works of 
BrSno (on the loft), to (S/^ M.) Porten-Dro, or Ploffe dc Camae 
(Gcand-H6t. de U Plage), with an excellent bitbing-beacb, and ter- 
minates at (O'/^M.) La Trinitf-sur-flfer, a small seaport, with oyster- 
beds. The road thence to (Q'/a M.) Loomariaquer (carr., p. 269) 
crosses the river One'i by a [VaM.)bridge and enters the Peninsufa 0/ 
Loemariaqner, which bounds the Morbihan on the N.W. (see p. 254). 

Loomariaquer (HUel Marchand), a small seaport on the Mor- 
bihan, has in its neighbourhood perhaps tbe most remarkable me- 
galitbie monuments in France. The chief of these are the Man>- 
Lud, a dolmen of unusual size, the interior of which should he in- 
spected; the Men-tT-Hroeck, a menhir originally nearly 70 ft. high, 
now overthrown and broken; and the two dolmens known as tbe 
Dol'ar-Matc'kadoitiren and the Manl-Butual. All these are passed 
on the way fi-om Carnac to Locmariaquer. Keyond the village is 
tbe Mani-et'Hroeck, a tumulus with a cavern (key at the Matrie, 

cline (monnting 180 ft. In 3'/2 M.) to (be plateau of La Beauce, 
one of tbe graD&riea of France. Tbe view is eitensife but mouoton- 
oua. — 1S6 M. Toury. 

■' . ~.. .. ... ™ . - -. " ..j_ „p„ which Ihe Englilli 

deCesled (be 


om the 


t Bab 

^ , .._ ._. --,,., . -h the former were cuovejiEg lo 

Ihfi camp befoie OtI^kilb. 

A brkncb-llne runa tram Tourv to Vnti (p. G9] | mid •nolber (dutoh- 
guiee) to (30 H.) FU&imri (p. 763). 

At (67 M.) Oieviily Prince Frederick Charles defeated GeaerU 
d'Aniellea de Paladlne on Dec. 3rd, 1870. Beyond (70 H.) CercotUi 
tbe sceuei; becomes mora attTaotlve, and yineyards begin to appear. 

74 M. La Aubrait (buffet) Is the jonctlou i>t whicb passengers 
for OrHane b; the eipress-tralns to Todib change csciiages. The 
ordinary trains run into tbe station at Orltiang. 

75 M. OrUatu (buffet), aee p. 369. 

J Si. 65, 5 fr. 60 c). — 

Travelleis from Ocl^ans join the eipresi-tralns at the jnnetion 
of Lts Aubraii (eoe above). The oidinarj Ir^ns do not pass Les 
Aabrais. To the right diverges the Tailway to Ghaitree (p. 59). 
The line to Tones follows Che course of the Loire. 

79 M. (from Parla) La ChapHli-St-Mteminf 83 M. 3t. Ay. 

86 M. AteunjF-sur-Loire(Het.St. Jacques), with 3087 inhab., has 
a Ane Qothie church of the 12th cent, and a. gateway of the 16th, 
belonging to the old fortifl cations. Jean de Mentig, tbe contlnuer of 
Ouillaume de I^orris's 'Boma.n de la Kose' (p. 397), was bom here 
In 1279 (d. 1320). About 3 M. to the E. U Cifry (2600 Inhab.), in 
the handsome l&th cent, church ot which Louis XI. is buried. Louis 
wore a small leaden figure of Our Lady of Ctdiy in htl hat (see 
'Quentin Durward'). A long viaduct is crossed. 

91 M. Bumgreney (Eatde Brttagnt, St.Etienne, Place du Martioi), 
an ancient town with 3761 inhab., was formerly fortifled and has re- 
peatedly been besieged both in medisvalandmodern timet. Aatreot 
leading to the left from the large Place du Maitioi condacts us to 
the Tour d« VHorlogt, one of the old town-gates, at the beginning 
of the Rue du Change. Farther on in the latter street we pass the 
attractive Renaissance fatade [reetoied in 1893) of Che Holelde VilU. 
The house No. 3 Rue du Change has a Dne Gothic door. A street 
ascending hence to the right leads to the Tour St. Pirtnin, the relic 
of a cbuich of the 16th cent., near which rises the maesiye square 
Keep of the old castle. A Slatue of Joan of Ate, erected in 1896 in 
the Place St. Firmin, commemorates her victory over the EngUsh at 
Beaugeucy in 1429. The CAdleau, built in tbe 15th cent., is now a 
hoDse of leftage. Adjacent is the CAurcA of ^fotre-Darne, an old 
abbey-church In the Komanesque style of the 11th cent., several 

to Touri. AMBOISE. 36. BmU. 265 

timea leetoied. A little lover down ire the Tour du DiiAU, eome 
TemaiQB of tbs Abbey, of tbe IT-lSth ceot., and & Bridge oiei the 
Loire, 480 yds. long, vith Gothic uches. 

^1/2 M. Mer. 102 M. Suimei has two 11th cent, churches. ITn 
chEiteaa of (104 M.) Afenari dates tlom the lattei half of the ITth 
century. The train now woflSBa the line to Romorantin (p. 278), 
and the town and castle of Bioie come into sight on the left. 
ilO'/a M. Bloia (Buffet), see p. 274. 

Onleaiing the station of Blois, the train enters a cutting, beyond 
which a flne view of the Loire opens ou the left. 11T1/,M. Chouiy. 
— 120 M, Omain (HStel de la Gare). 

the WQDertT of the Princuio 
aanlied bj battie- 
st tlie end of the 
slhtng iDtenupU the bemutlful -View 

Pwii and BeauiaiB, and BguvenirB of tbe 

Broelle. Viiltori are admitted 

r time* on Ttrars. onlj. lie 

EoaiD buildin 

led lowexi, aad timilar lowen 
amenled. The bnildinp wUeb 

protect the en 

completed Ibe 


ka of art, tapMtir frura 
leMign of the oHilean by 
Che ville^e o( CTni™™( 

lyond On^.ain the chateau of Chaumont is seen to the left. 
122Vl M. Veuvei; 130 M. Limtray. In the diatance, to the left, is 
the chateau of AmboiEe. 

133 M. Amboiae (Lion tJ'Or, Cheoal Blanc, on the quay), a town 
with 4463 inhab., lies putly on a hill, on which riees the famous 
""Caitle, stUl imposing with ita lofty walle and ramparts defended by 
:hree masslTe round towers, 
itle, wblch bel( 

the property of tbe 

Orl^Biu fainlly under tbe ReltonlloD. Ila name 

pse^atly aModaUd 

with the eoBipiracj formed in im by LaKen.ud 
(0 remove by force the yanng Line Frandi 11. fro 

Oui>«i. The plot WM revealed, and 1200 of Ibe co 

plritor'i In "aid 1° 

ed^rMrfi" in"" h"^ bride', Va^',*qSeir"f°8coli,' 


n im° The' caiUe 

waa long QBed m a itate-prlaon, and Ibe Algeri 

hlef, Abd-el-Kader 
^a Comle da P»ri( 

wu eonfined here from IMT till 1862. In 18 

S3b to Iba Duo d'A 

umale, after ivhuse dealh il reverted lo the Ori^a 

The interior is shown by a custodian who lives to the left in the 
raulted passage leading to the garden (now open to the public). 
"'- Inipect Urst the -CJiflpd c/ Bl. Buter!, the musaive aiibatruclnre of 
ate 16tb cent., realored in the reign of Louie Philippe. Above tbe 

m^s his entry In 1B3S (Bd« *Vl«<r 

In the flDjfe da EUUi lbd-el-K»der (p. 285) wu imprlioned. The RBom af 
Aam pf BriUmv li ilio pointed out, Al the end at the terrace (fine view) 

■ IDH doorwi; ti ihewn ■< Ihat aealnit which Cbulu VIII. la Mid (D 
have iiTuek bii L»d, tboi uagins his denth (11S8J. 

Ths Bdtd de ViUt (16th cent.; restored in 1891], ths churches 
or St. Florentin (1&-I6»i cent.) and St. Denb (inteiesUne Romsn- 
eaqne ctpitUs), and &n old City Oate (14tb or 15tb ceat.) may also 
ba noticed. 

From Ambotie 10 G'/i »•) CAmnccaui (p. W2), vit the rorjf f Animus, 
an. a Ir. 

139 H. Vontiray. The vlneyaidi of tbie district yield a wel)- 
bnovn white wine. The Loire ia cio seed. 140M. tfonltouiilE altDBted 
OD a hill, the cavetna ia which were formerly inhabited. 

114 M. St. Pierrt'dei-Corps (bullet]. Pagaengeie to TourB by 
the Bordeaux expreas-tiiins change carriBgea here; the ordinary 
traing tun Into the aUtlon of Toura. Tours la seen to the right; and 
alter crossiug the canal connecting the Cher and the Loila «e see 
the handaome Chdteau it BtiuijaTdin to the left. On the aame aide 
diverge! the line to Botdeaui. We neit Join the line from Nantea. 

140 H. TMin, see p. 278. 

b. Till Tendftms. 
BSH. lUiLvxI In e-TVi hn. (farei (he aame aa iri& Orl^anat p. 362). 
From Paris to {20 M.] Briiigny, see p. 263. The Vendflme 
linedlTeiges to the right t^om that to OrlSana,Bndascends an incline. 
23V2 M. Arj^ion,- 35V2 M. BrcaiUtt, Vk M. to the N. ot St. Sul- 
pi<:t-de-yai>iirei, which possesses > Bne Qothic church of the 13th 
century. From (26 M.] St. ChiTon, a Tillage with attractive environs, 

■ pleasant walk may be taken to the Suites de 83.villt, in the park 
belonging to the 17th cent. chSteau of that name, 1 V4 H. to the W. 
The railway traverses a prettily wooded valley, 

3i> M. Dourdan (Hdttl dt Lyon; du CrousnnM, a town with 3184 
inhab., poBseasea the ruina of a Cuttle built by Philip Augnstus, 
consisting mainly of a massive circular donjon and a girdle wall, 
tlanked'by ninejamaller towers and surrounded by a moat. The 
adjoining Cliurck is an Interesting edifice of the 12-18th cent.; the 
columns of the trirorium and the bosses of the vaulting in the slde- 
ehapels are noteworthy. 

Beyond (88 H.] Ste. Vntmc we ent«r La Beauce (p. 264]. — 
— 48M. .iluneau (HStfll de France), IV4 M. to the left of the little 
town of that name, which retains the donjon of its old eaatle. Auneau 
is the Junction of lines to Chartrea (p. 195), to Etampes f p 263), 
and to Matntenon (p. 192). 

to Tomi. CHATEAUDUH. 36. Koult. 267 

62 H. Vovtif tlea on tlie lailw&y from Chartres to Orl^anE (see 
p. 59; to Toury, see p. 2G4]. — 76 M. Bo^ntval (Hfit. da Fraiite), 
K town on the Loir, witb 3964 iiiLab., containe an inleiestine chnrdi 
of the 12th cent, with a tower partly lebuUt in the 16th, and an 
abhey of the 12tb, 16lh, &nd 17th cent., now a lunatic asylum. — ■ 
The train ctoeses the Loir and descends the pretty yalJey of that 
stream, commanding an eitensive view to the light. 

Ri H. CbfcteaQdQn {Buffet; Hdtel de la Place; du Bon-Labott- 
i-fur, E. 2-3, iij. 21/2, D. 3 fr.), a town with 7146 inhih., on the left 
bani of the Loir, occupies the site of the Gallo'Boman Ctslrcdu- 
num. In the middle agee it was the capital of the Comtesde Dunois. 
It has been frequently burned down, on the last occasion by the Ger- 
mans in 1870. 

The avenue in front of tbe station and the Bub Charlies, 10 the 
left, lead to the Piaee du Dlx-Huit Octobre, with tbe HOtelde Ville 
(small Mus^e) and a modern Renaissance Fountain, by Gaullier. 

Tbe Eae de Luynes, to tbe right of tbe Hotel de Ville, leads to the 
'Caitle, an Interesting ediflce, shown on application to the concierge. 
The original fortress was ererted in the lUth cent. On the pointed cliffs 
ahoie tbe I<oir ; tbe donjon, a huge round tower, 150 ft. high, to tbe 
left of the courtyard, was rebuilt in the 12th cent.j tbe chapel and 
adjoining facade were added by the celebrated Dunois, commonly 
called tbe 'Bastard of Orleans', in the 15tb cent, ; while the fa;ade on 
the right side, with its elaborate eitemal ornamentation, dates from 
the 16th century. The Interior contains a restored chapel, a Renaie- 
eance staircase, and tbe 'salles dee 400 gardes'. The Tiew of the castle 
from tbe banks of the Loir (descen^njthe left side of the castle] is 
highly imposing. 

The small neighbonring square contains a mined Gothic chapel, 
and farther on , as we descend on the other side of the castle , are 
some curious old Houset. Opposite the end of the Hue da Cbatean 
is a bouse witb a carved wooden Benaissance facade ; and at the end 
of the next street is a stone facade of tbe same period. 

The adjoining Egliie de la MadtUinc (12th cent.) belonged to an 
abbey, of which tbe buildings to the right and left, now occupied 
by a hospital and the courts of law, also form part. Tbe Romanesque 
arches in tbe right aisle and the choir-stalls are worthy of notice. 

Tbe Rue de la Madeleine brings us back to the Place duDii-Hnit 
Octobre, whence the Bue Gambetta leads to the left to the Church of 
8t, Valirim, a buitdlDg of the 12tb cent., witb a stone spire and a 
Bomanesque side-portal. Beneath the organ, in the interior, is a 
fteeeo of tbe 14th cent., sadly injured. — The came street, by which 
we may return to the station, leads to the Cemetery, in which are a 
rained Gothic Chapel and a Monument of 1810. 

Railway from Soginl-li-Bolreu uid Cutirlalain to OrUatu, lee p. 197. 

As we quit Ohlteauduo, the cemetery ie eeen to tbe rightj far- 
ther on is the Chateau de Monligny, of the 16th century 

268 Bouuas. VENDOME. FrtmParU 

91 H. Cloya haa s line belTry of the 15th centnrf. EiteasiTS 
yiair to the ligbt di'/i H. MoTSe-St-HOaiTe. 100 H. FrfltoiU bu a 
Tolnei] chltean of tbe llHicent., to the light of the rsilway. Sernil 
ovems may be obBerred in the hill-sides od the hanks of the Loir, 
iQ some ca«e« «titl inhabited (p. 273). lOSVa H. Paou. 

110 H. VendAme [H6t. du Commtrct, Gcaade Rue; Lioa d'Or, 
Bae St. Sit; Grand Ctrf, Rue da Change), a town vith94&9iiibab.,i9 
sitQBted on tbe Loir, aboot ^4 U. to the S.G. of tbe station. Vendfime 
is the Itaman Hnijoclnum. Tn the 10th cenL it became the capital of 
an Independent baiony, wbicb in 1515 was made adDchy. Tbe dnkee 
of VendAme were foi a long time membeis of tbe Bouibon family. 

CTOBsing an arm of the rlrer and proceeding in a strught direc- 
tion, we pau behind tbe Ovpcl of the Lyc^e', in the Flamboyant 
style. Tba Lycit itself, an ancient college, founded by C^sai, Due 
de Vend6me and natural eon of Henri IV, dates from 1633-39. 
— Faither on is the Flaet St. Uarlin, in which rise an elegant 
TotrcT, the relic of a church of the Benaisaance, and a statue of 
Omeral Bochambcua (1726-1807). On the right ie a ooriooa timber- 
boDse of the 16th century. 

Tbe *GuuGCH of tub Tsinity, &n interesting edifice of the 
12-16th cent,, on tbe left side of tbe street, formerly belonged 
to a Romanesque abbey (12th cent.), the picturesque remains 
of which are seen in the square in front. In front of the portal rises 
a magnlflcent Belfry, in the Transition style of the 12th cent., 
crowned by a stone spire. The interior of this tower should be 
examined by those interested in architecture, especially the large 
apartment on the gioundBoor and the curiously arranged belfry 
stage. The Facade of the church is an elaborately ornamented 
example of tbe Flamboyant style. 

The IsTEBioB, of (lie i4-i5ili cent., prodncea «o effeel of gtesl aignity. 
TTiB tritorium and the windoni attract .ttenUon by their ilie. The tran- 
lepU, whiob aut from the 13lh cinl., are lower than ISe nave, and are 
vsullcd In tlie domical alyle cliaraoteristic of Aiyou. In Ue choir are aoniB 
nnllque jtalned glws, thirty-two -Blaili of Ibe 16-i6lh cent., and a marble 
"le Ityle of lie IBth century. The lean and inicrintions on the 
ScTMi of tbe lanctuaiy recall that Oie abbey claimed 
Ue lenrBsbed by ChriJt al tbe tomb of Laiaruj, Other 
ere two Ji(ar-rtt™ (leib cent.) In tbe chapels aankiag 
tbe -IVIpdt, a modem work Id llie alyle of the lUlIc, 
e /'and, in (be fliet cbapel to tbe left of the nave. — 
1 nave, and commu nice! log with ilt last bay by a ilour- 
Bnl., are lome lemelni of tbe Ctoiilir^, erected In the 

A large building (17th cent.) to tbe S., between tbe church and 
the Loir, which also belonged to the abbey, is now occupied al bar- 
racks. As we cross the bridge (Rue St. Bl«) we see, on the heights 
of the left bank, (he ruined Castle, of the 11th century. FragmeDts 
of the outer wall, with ten partly ruined towers, still remain. The 
best-preserved tower occupies the highest point, to which the ap- 
proach on the right conducts. Fine view from tbe top. 

early Renaiatan 

to po»se.-i one 

feiiQtea of inl 

the apiidal cba 

rind tlie Ren ale 

To tbe rlaht o 
way of tEe 18 

It-lUb cento il 

to Tomi. CH4TEADBENAULT. 38. Boute- ^bW 

The mid de ViUt, originally a gateway, eraeted in the 14-15th 
cent., Elands by the next bridge, at the end of the Kue Patleiie, 
and may be reached either by the left bank or by the Rne Qnes- 
nault, neat the Place St. Martin, and the Kue Saulnerie, in which 
a quaint 16th cent, hoaee may be obaerred in pasEing. The facade 
of the H6(el de y lite fronts the biidge; the battlements are adorned 
with medallions of the 16ch century. 

In the Hue Potlerie are the Mus£e and the BiblioOAiiat (20,000 
vols.), in a modern brick stcucture, open on Sun., 10-3, but accessible 
also on other days. In front stands a bronze statae, by Irvoy, of 
BoTuard, the poet (1524-86), who was born in the Vendomois (see 
p. 196). 

OioHHD Flook. The room lo the riehl contains funereal BculpUirM 
BDd otbei Itimumtali, and tbe PreMitorit OaUtOi-m. Id the room to the 
left are Plam, Draaiiv ,aiid Fiiifi of monumenta. 

menu (Haa. TfiO, T51, 180), Frsnkiab weapooa and pottery, Benaiuanca 
cbaiuble (So. 51}, articles connected witb tbe noriMp of the HoIt Tear, 
and a relic of Si. Stephen) etlinographical corioaillet) medala) palDtinga. 

Farther on is the aurcli of the Madtlelm with a fine 15lh cent 
spire ail da large Btained-glaBs window of 1529. The other windows 
and paintings are modern. The street to the right leads to the Lyo^e. 

VendSme it alio & slalion on the lailwiy from Blai> lo Pont-de-Braje 
(jce p. 211). 

On leaving Vend6me, the train quits the valley of the Loir. 
120 M. St. Amand-dt-Vmd8tne; 124 M. VilUdtauvt. 

128 M. Chfttsanreiianlt (Ecu de France), a town with 4260 in- 
hab., has a castle of the 14th cent,, and the donjon of one still older. 

A nairoff-eauae raUway rnna hence lo (64 M.) Porl-Botila (p. 333), 
»ii (25 M.) Jfeuilll-Poal-JHerre (p. 201) and (38 M,) CTddtau-Ia-roJHJri 
(p. my — Chileaurtuault ia alio a ataUon on the line from Sarg^ to 
Toura vli Vauvraj (p. 198). 

Eayond (133 M.) VllUdomer the train ctosses a viaduct, 88 ft 
high. Pine view. Beyond (U9 M.) Fandtttts-St-Cyr we cross tbe 
Loire and see to the left the scanty ruins of the chateau olPUtsU- 
Ih-TouTs (p. 282), We soon join the line to Nantes vU Angers 
(p. 266). — 163 M. Toura (buffet), see p, 278. 

«. -St. AiGBiN CPl. a, C, I), Place Gambelta, B. 3ift-12, d^. 31/,, 
Ob*kd iiflTEi, D'0u,eaS8 (PI. bi C, 2), Eue Bannler 118i HflTBl 
new, GS.KO HflTEi nn Loibm (PI. ci D, 1), Kue de la MpubUque, 
'h, i^. 2'/,, D. 3tr.i BoDLa nOn CPl.di C.S), Rue d'IlUera9i 
I. Cathieibi, Eue Ste. Catberioe 68, R.2ikB,i. di?j. or D. Str.i 

e. Bus 816. Catherine, and B,ue deB Puloareaui, from 30-10 fr. 


and Reitauranta in tbe Place duHarlroit tttbei/illal 81. Aignan 

I. Per drlvgi/i, pethr. iln at nlglil 1>I, ind 2fr.i%iiia 60 c. 
VODd lbs boulevirda nt tLe Loin. 

. 1 BH-Air (La A^Oti) on tha H. to OliMf on the B., 

theBnBBiDnlBr and the Rub Royal e, ete.i from the Flua Bannier to 
tha hridgB 16 and 10 «., to Olivet Cp. 278] 30 c. - To Ourmar, les p. ST*. 
— OmBiboi from ths forte dt BmraafM [PI, El, 3) 10 (hs PorU KaihMiM 
(PI. A, B). 

F*Bt * TelBgraph Offloa (PI. C, S), Rub du Taboiu. 

Batha. Bai— du ChdIeM, Bus Cbul«a SangllBr t (Fl. C, D, 9). 

OrUan), on the right b*nk of the Loire, the ancient capital of 
the Orlianali and now the chief toirn of the Loirtt department, the 
seat of a bishop, and the headquarters nf Che Vth Army Corps, la 
a large and well-hnilt bat dnil town, with a population of 67,311. 

OrUaui oecnpiaa the alle of the Qatlie iotrn of (knabum or OinaAmi, 
eaptnred and bnrned by Oieaai in B.O. 52 In reTange far a mauacre of 
Boman merdianta here hj the Ciinntei, Tha laira was afterwatdi rebuilt 

April 29th, 1429, >bB tornBd Iha Engliih lo rellre by the 8th of May, an 
avant bUU anniuOlj oBlebraled- on Haj 7th and 8lh. In IMS the 1ot-i, aa 
a itrongliold of IbB HagHBnotB undBt Colignf, irta attacked by the Ike 
of OniBB. Id 1S70 Orl^wa -wtt ai^Bin the object of imponant mlUtary 
nuDAUTrBai on Oct. 11th it nas taken by tka QBrmaoa, a month later it 

mulan of It od Dee. fith and held <t until Harcb llth, 1871. . 

TheStaMi>n(PLD, 1) adjolne the handsome Bouimardi, on the 
opposite side of which is the Bue de la R^piibliqne, leading straight 
to the Place du Martroi (see below). We, however, Brst follow the 
boalevards to the right to the Plact Qambttla (PI. C, 1), and thence 
descend the Rue Banniei. On the left eunds the ChureA of at. Pa- 
Krn« (PI. C, 1), a handsome specimen oftheOothic style of the 13th 
cent., the lestoiatlon of which Is Dot yet completed. 

The Plate du Martroi [PI. C, 3) occupies the centre of the town. 
A mediocre bronze Sjueilrum Statue of lAe Maid of OrUaiu, by 
Foyatier, erected here In 16Sd, represents Joan returning thanks to 
heaven fbr het victory. Tlie reliefs are by Vitil Dubray. 

Thle Kue Royale leads from the S. side of the square to the Loire, 
We fo low, however, the Rue Jeanne d'Arc, which rnns to the W. to 
Ste. Groii, passing the Lycie, on the left, and on the right a small 
square with a bronie Statui af the BepaUic by L. Roguet (1860). 

The *Cathedral of Bta. Croix (Fl. E, 3), though its facade is im- 
posing, dates from the decadence of Qothic architecture. Destroyed 
by the Huguenot* in 156T, It was practically rebuilt between 1601 
and 1829, the greater part in a succeesfal enough reproduction of the 
late-Gothic manner, while the florid facade, designed by Gabriel, 
architect to Louis XV., attains a reitain amount of dignity In spite 
of its bastard style. The latter is flanked by two towers, 286 ft high, 





Musit de PtmlMTt. ORLfiANS. 37. Eoute. 271 

witbout spires, between wbicb are thtee porUls, Euimounted by 
rosa-windoWB and sn open gallery. The towers are carried op three 
etorles higher, the first stage la each bBving spiral staiicases at the 
comers and stiitues, the neittvo, light aicades; both towers termiii' 
ate Id open crown-Ebaped g&Uerles, Between the towers is seen 
the grsceAil central epire, rebnitt in 1859. Tbe church is 185 ft tn 

"Dm Ihtiuob, which liu double BislfS and ig lOO tt. In height Is in- 
perior io Blyle to the ra^ade. The eleven chapeli of the choir duB trom 
(he original buUdine, u the; escaped from the flunei In i5ffT. The wuiki 
of art are neither nnmeroua nor aoclent. In the arcades beneath the 
windond are tlie Stations of the Cros; , and the tratJAeptj Bootain elaborate 
Gothic altars in earvAd wood. Some of the stained-giass windows are good. 
In the la( chapel to the right of the choir is the. elaborate marble mODument 
of Mgr. Dupanlonp, ArchliUliop Of Paris (d. 1818), by CAOF"- 

On theN. side of the cathedral is a bronie statue, by Vital 
Dubray, of BobtH Fothitr |_P1. E,3), the famouB legal writer (1699- 
1772), a natiTe of Orleans. Behind this, iu the Rue Dupanlonp, is 
the Grand Sanmairc (beautiful 17th cent. staL* in the chapel), to 
which men only are admitted. On the right, as we return, is tbe — 

Httal^de TUlB or Malrie (Pi. D, 3), a taitefnl building of brick 
and Etone, dating from 1580, but restored and enlarged in 18fl0-fi4. 
It was formerly the royal residence, and here Francis II. died in 1660 
in the arms of his wifeJMary Stoart. Ths main bnilding is flanked 
by two advancing wings, with niches containing statues of celebrated 
natives of the town, Tlie Caryatides beneath the balconies are 
attributed to Jean Qoujon. The broiiie Slatut of Joan of Are, In 
the court, ia a teplica of a raarbla statue by Princess Marie of Orl^ 
auE, now at Versailles. Several of the apartmentE on the first Qoai 
are decorated in tbe style of the 16tb cent, (apply to the concierge), 
Tbe chimney-piece of the Salle des Marlages and the ceiling of the 
Salle du Conseil should he observed. Tbe equestrian statue of Joan 
of Arc trampling on a mortally wounded Englishman, in tbe Grand 
Salon, Is also by Princess Maiie of Orleans. 

The Sue Potbler, on tha other side of the Place Ste. Croix, to tbe 
right, contains (at No. 2) the attractive Salle da Thitet (15th cent, 
restored in 1830), which belonged to tbeunlyersity (open on Sun. 2-4). 
We DOW fallow the Rue de Bourgogne, whence the Rue Louis- Roguet 
leads to the right to the Old HStel de Ville, a. mutilated building of 
the 15th cent., with a Qothic tower, now containing the Mnste de 
Pelntare at de BonlptUTe (Pl.D,3)andthe JValurai,Si«(oryJlfug«um. 
The collections are open to the public on Sun. and Thais., 12-4 
(Hay to Aug. 1-6), and on other days on application. 

The follotvlng is an alphabetical list of the principal works of art. 
Tbev are not all numbered, but all have eiplanatorr labelB, 

overcomo by a jnow-storm i 6. Conflagration. — BercWrs, 20. Kabian children 
guarding the crops. — BUn, Landscape) 00. Cape Frehel). — Bol, 36. Por- 
Italt. — Rata BoOluar ST. Landscape. — CanOiiaio, 60. Brazen lerpenl. — 
Corracc(, Adoralton nt ihe Shepbcrds. — Ph. <fc Champaiini, KB. 8. Carlo 
Boriomeo. — M. Ceratille, 71. Jacob and Esau. — Coorl, Landscapes. -., 

272 Route 37. ORLEANS. HiiloTlcal AfuMum. 

CimH, 773. Portrril of Ibe »rU»l. — Dicker., 76. Landscape, —A. Bemoul, 
Lindacspe. — 0cr»M (11)86-1660), 84-87. Earlh, Air, Fire, Wsler. — Cu- 
AafM, 8», St. Benedict. — DrouoU, lOb. Hme. de I'nmpHAour, 106. Portr^t. 
— DtAufi, 107. Birth of Henri V. — Onp^a (of OrUsni), 112. Zenobi» and 
(lie sliepberdB. — F. Ftandrm, 130. LjiDdswrc — Fragonard, 137, Not 
DUDed. — FrtfUmt (lS67-i618), U1-U6. The ETaDgellats and the Latin 
Cliureb Fathen. — Glrard, 1W. Chcill descendlog od Ibe earth ud dlapel- 
ling the darkneis. ~ Ohrdmo, lfi6. Carltiui Bomana. — BatU, 16S. Fllgbl 
Inio Egjpl. — P. ffinl, ISl. Arqnea, 183, Wood at the Hagu*. — la-ml. 

393! Italian ^baret,' — Fan UUrU On Eldrr, ^. *Pottralt of the attiat. ~ 
MiirittU. Anna <aD Huaien. ~ Mtsnard, 2C0. PorlTail, — Mvrille, %1. 
An Apoitle, — Kigront, 367. Hadonns and Bainla, — ITortlU, 313, Death 
of Ugollno. — Foil Ooilm, Forast 116S0), — Ouilry. 378. Blrda, — FigniroUt, 
3SB, P<l%na»«etoOarL&d; of Lnretto. — j>((f (liCaMtraei. aOfi, 8S, Paul 
and Anthnnf, the hermita. — FnlaU, 307, Pond. — ft-vd'Aon, PorlriJta. — 
AftfDUE, ^nS. Annunciation. — KUlwnvmt, Om&i Bndtng the body of Fuentet 

- - , ---. H0I7 family. ^ A 

il, 963. I 

culea'. — . _. 

- Zl^trs. S76, Billy Fuai 

la nidiculea'^— _rnw^ 437. Njmph, - 

601. Venus nuilUng tbe bMh. — iVodis . 

nnfa, BI6. Qooit-playeT, — ruiain, 648, Hebe. 

The Drawiagi number 3fiOj the Engrmtitgi abont 10,000. 

Qaitting the building by the door in tbe Bue Ste. Catherine, ve 
t'lro to tbe rigbt, and a few yards fartber an to tbe left (Sue d«s 
Albanaie}, and reacb tbe Hdlcl de FarvUU Dr Cabui, a tasteful little 
edifice of tbe 16th cent., often erroneously called the 'House of Diana 
of Poitiers'. It contains the interesting and weL-arraaged Eittoiisal 
Mtuemn (V\. D, 3), open aa tbe others (see p. 271), The objects are 
furniebed vith inscriptions. Catalogue, 1 '/^ fr. 

O-BooKD Floob. Antique and other icglptuiea, — Fiiat Flooi. Qold 
omamenia from Cvpiua. Qallo-Bonian brontei (bone and boar found In 
the nelghbonrhood), uliqae Taa» and teriacottal; Egyptian utigoltielt 
flint ase-headai small broniea and temcoltali and mlaclUaneoDa otyecM 
of more modem date. — Second Floou. Cheats of the lO-lSth cent., and 
other furnlturei Font of the 13t]i cent., bu-reliefa in niabulei, floe chimner- 
pieCB of the i6th cent.; ethnographical coilectioni Heapona; local curl- 
ositleB. — A room off the court contain) porcelain from Bouen, Delfl, 
and KeverBi mcdslsi line chi ran ct- piece of the 16lh cent., with painted 
bas-reliefa (Hfe of John the B>pliat)i porcelain, Imaller objecta of art, 

Ibe Rue dea Atbanals ends In the Rue Royale, tbe moit inter- 
esting in the town. The first turning to the rigbt is tbe Rue du 
Tabonr (PI. C, 3), No. 37, in which Is the Hot«« of Joan of Arc, 
where the Maid of OtMaiia lodged. No. 16 is the so-railed Houtt 
of Agntt Sorel, an edifice of the Renaissance, which contains the 
MnsJB leuuLB d'Arc (PI. C, 3). 

ORLEANS. 37.R0UU. 273 

with Joan of Arc, both c 
tBcest than artiitia laloB 
eontaim mainlj modell 
floor) lUiutratea the arau 
SatIt du BijMix Oad fio( 

m mlicelluBOue obJBcti 

of BD Importint eolUction of objseH «OBnMled 

t Btaluea of the heroloe, the Salli rfu SM« (1« 
1 and armour worn at IhB ilega of OrlSanii the 

1 omamBnl* reproaenting her. On the 9rd floor 
1. Speeiallj' noteworthy are a Flemiih Uptatir 

(IStheent.) teprBienting J^oan'g arrWal at Gliinoni Baanvaii tapestir (17 
CBUt.)deiignsdaftBi the'FuceUa'Qf Oh;.pelBin( banner borne at the featir 
of JotD of Arc (16th cent.)) portraitg, Including ona of lIKtl and BDOtb.. 
byVouBt (ITtb csnt-li (wopainllDgB of battles in ffbich slisltook part, br 
Lb Bouriulgnon and Mlgnot; Bngravings, ate. 

At tlie S. end of the Rue Royale a handeome Bridge (Fl. C, 5], 
of the 16lb cent., spans the Loire, the channel of which is Eometimes 
almoat diy. At the S. end of the bridge is the BMbnrb of St. jtfnr- 
ceau, at the beginning of which is a mediocre Statue of the Maid of 
Orleans, by Qois. 

On the right bank, about 300 yds. below the bridge, la the Ee- 
naissance church of Notre-Damt-de-Becmivrance (PI. 0, 4), erected 
in memoiy of tbe deliverance of the town by Joan of Arc, with 
mural paintings by H. Lazetges. — About '/j M. up the river are 
the remains of the 15ch cent, church of SI. Aignan (Pi. P, d), 
coniisting of the choir and transepts. To the tI.E,, in tbe Boulevard. 
St. Mate, Is tbe church of St. Evoerte (PI, G, 3), dating from the 
12tb and 15th centuries. Thence to the station about 1 M. 

o/fil. /,o«F, IViU. above the town, and lo tbe C/iapiUeSt. Uesmia, S'/iM. 
below. An omnibui piles to Iha Uner from Sue dBlaHsJleliardaSl (PL C, 8). 

by private carriage, or by tramway |p. 270} to Olivet (Ralawaul di r£Wo- 
rodcj, a village about a B. from tliE CMIeau d. (o So^r™. llerB are in 

abundance and limpidity of their « 
muBloatloD with the Loire, The c 


60, B ft. ra, 8 fr. IS c). — I'/i 1 

iklrtB and IhaD Inlereacti the Foraat of Orl^aol. 

Fay-anx-Loia, iltuated on Iha Omald'OrUaa. 

Li>iiv;Bi'l,!l. BelUaard^-Qulir,, also a station on ine line trom Heaune- 

la-Bolande to Bourgaa (p. 897). — 861/1 U. ^ruloa wbj the aecne of a hatUe 

on Not. 21th, 18TO (monument). — « M. Ifinlarfii. see p. 391. 

Fbou OELttHS TO QiEN, 39 U., railway In 2'2</i lire, (fares T fr, S, 
4fr. 76, 3fr. 10 e.). Thii llns ascends the valley of the Loire, at a litUa 
distance trom the liveT. — S'JiB. SI. Jtan-di-Bvate. Beyond flV,) CHct- 
Mardil we cioss the Canal d'Orl^ana (see above). — lli^ U. Bl. Dinli-Jar- 
fmv. The latter, on the right bank of the river, is noted for a victorr 
gained l>y Joan of Are over tbe English in Its neighbonrhoad In May, i^i 
— 16 M. OhltBaonenfrBoi-Lolre tmi. da TroU-Koii) is a small town (8338 
iubal).) with the remains of a hnge ChiUau rebuilt in the IBtb century. 
The church coniaioi the tomb of the Due de la Vrilli«ra (1672-171^, 
minister of Louis XIV, with a line group in marble. About S S. to Ibe 
9.B. lies Otrmii/nt-do-Prii, a vill^e noted for its church, originally dat- 
ing from the Caiolinglan period and restored in the primitive style. 

SI M. Bt-BtneK-SI-AlBnan. — St. Benolt-iuT-Lelre (Inii), about 3 M. 
to the S.. owes Its origin and Its name to a rich Benedictine monastery, 
fOnndBd In 620 and pillaged and destroyed by Ibe Hugueouls uidBr (^ndi^ 
In 1562. Atone limeMnO pupils ars said 1<> have been taught by the monks. 

BalDaKM's HoilhBm France. 4lh Edit. 18 


r In a.!JI/i 




(p. 281). 


3 |]rai 

. KVjM. 




,d tbe 

274 soattas. 





na. Beaidei Itae BaOuaf 
HVofwratf aiaWoiH: on* 

u (CliuDbord) and Lam 
uf (PI. B. 2), for Ooioaer- 

ItB- BenT 

Nothini now rsm^iu «[ii«pt tbs *Olim-ch, bniU tietwMD 1036 and 1318, 
one at Uie oldeit and moit lemukabU ecdegluti»l mDnumenU in Fnince. 

qf three baji each, wltb cujumne crovned by curiuuBly carved c^pitale. 
The portal on the N. la Maaked h; eii targe itatua (mutilated), and above 
the door te a repreHotatlOD of the IraoilalloD of the reJlcg uf Bt, Benult 
or Penediet fiam Uonte Caislno to the moDuteiT. The traniepti hare no 

cental tower, It the lomb of Philip [. of Fiance (d. li(S),' with a eon- 

■laUa, dating rrom the leth eent., ihould be obaerred. — Sttllf (gee below) 
tnai be eonvenleDlly riaited fiom St. Benoit (5 ».), via the n?ht bank of 
the Loire. Oennl>nT-dea-PrFa Ilea about S U. to the N,W. (aee above). 

AC (S5I/, M.) La Borda we iDteiaecl the line from BeaDDe-la-Bolande 
to Bourget. The lint itation on thla line to the 8. of Lea Boidea ia SBjIy 
dee p. aSny. — si S. Otumtr-Dasmiim. — 39 M. Oim, •■ — 

nil Cetilnatn. At Otumtr w* d 

per (PI. A, D4) Blola haa 
ourg de Tlenne (PI. B, 6) 
II the other, in the Faa- 

Hiigo, E. fromB, B. I'/i, ddj. 9, D. B'/jfr.! "oD CHii«iD'(pi. c; 0,5), Ene 
Porle.C<'>t^aO, R. from3V:i, 6- I'll, d^J.B, l>. S'/i, omn. i/i fr.; A>rai,B»BU 
(PI. d; D, 6), on the qua^ at the bridge, R.S'/ici, U. 1, lij. 9, U. Sift fr ; 
QtBsa n^On, K. from 2, d<j. 2'/*, D. 2'/tfr.i m la Boutkllm fl*»e, with 

Oataa. Orand Caft, Ene Denla-Papln ; Cuft it Blaii, betide the H3tsl 
de Blola I other* on the qua;a. — BaOaay Bttlatfani. 

Poet and Telegraph Ofllea, Place de la R^pnblique (PI. C, 4} and Rue 

Blois, the cbEef town o[ the department of Loir-et-Chcr, with 
23,790 inhib., ia pictuietquely eltuated on the right bank of the 
Loire, with its principai etreet in the hoUoir between two hilU, on 
which rise retpectiTely the chiteau and the cathedral. The older 
parts of the town are ill-built, vith numerous narrow streets, obich 
oooasionally degenerate into flights of steps. A bridge at the end 
of the main street leads over tbe river to the suburb of Tienne. 

Blola Brat roae Into notice about the end of the 11th cent., whan Louie 
of Orkana, aon of Chatlea V. of Fiance, purchaaed the caatle from the 
eonnta of Blola, Under Ita new maatera Blola enjored a period of Im- 
portance, Bipeclally when Louli'a grandion, who fcequanUf tealded here, 

of mgae; in enlairina and embellithiDe the caalle, In which he cuteitalned 
Oketlea V. Henri 111 ipent much of hia time si koy, and twice (In IBTfl 
and IQSS) aaaembled tbs SULtaa-Oeneral here (see p. ilSU here, too, the 
Duke af Oulae was eaaaatinaled bv the kinea ordert (aea p. 3T6). The caatle 
then fell into diafavour. Eenrl IV rlalted It once. Louli Xlll. Imprisoned 
bit mother, Harle de H.' thta eeatle, and aflerwarda preaenled itio 


lully, u outer puiuelcidlne to the lower-cbaj&beT.Kliers tbe Snl blow! 
wei« ilraOi. — The Thiku Flooji la ot ihown to vi.itors. Tte rtinsrk- 

by > auiicase to the Salla da Slati, the eJieai in the Ugtl'e (ISth cent.), 
wblch 1> dlilded into Ino hy eight columns, 

FioDi the other end ot the OileriE Louis ZIl aootber Bislrcue leads 
to en UD Imp orunt Huiie (open on Snn,, 12-1; U other tImeB for e fee). In 
tbe eecoad room on the llrit floor are tiro laliuble pictares: a Oroiip of 
Sheep b; Sola Bmlmr, snd La OolombiDe by Ltonario da Vtad. Boit 
of the rooiDi have Qne chimoey-pfecoi. On the lecood floor are engreT- 
inga, aDd ■ collection of natural history. Fine view from the Uret roam. 

A lan« witb steps, to oar right as wa quit the nsstle, deecendt 
to tbe old sbl>e]'-cliur<:li of B(. NicolttB (PI. C, ^), the flnest in Blois, 
built in 11S8-1210. The remarkable facade, with ita two towers, baa 
lecentlf been completed and restored. The lentrat tower, though fir 
from pleasing when eeen frotu without, forms a handsome lantern in 
the interior. The altar-piece of the t&th cent., to the N. of the choir, 
near the transept, represents the life of St. Mary of Egypt 

We now aerend tbe right bank of the Loire to the bridge (p. 374), 
wbete a bandsome street begins. The Roa da Roi ascends to tbe 
right to the Cathedral ot Bt. Louis (Pi. D, 4), an edifice in a bastard 
Gothic style, reconstructed by J. H, Mansart In 167.B. The facade 
. Is later, and may he described as beionging to the neO'Clusic school. 
The eeyeiith chapel to the right contains two marble reliefs, by Le- 
rambeit (1660), representing Memory and Medita.tion, formerly on 
the tomb of the mother of Ring Stanislaos of Poland, in the church 
ot StVinoent (p.276J. — Tbe Blihop'i Palace, behind the cathedra], 
datei from nearly the same epoch; the terrace (open to the public) 
commande a fine ilew. 

The Rue da Palais, to our right aa we return, passes in ftont of 
the PalaU dt Juitice (VI. C, 4). The street leading thence to tbe 
left ends at the bronze statue [Ft. C, 4, 5) erected in 1879 to Denis 
Paiiln (1647-1710), the physicist, who was born at Bloia, Tha 
statue, by A. Millet, is placed on a platform approached by 122 
steps and commanding a 4ne view. — In the Rue St. Honorit, 
leading bence in a straight direction, is the E5ul d'AUuyt (No. S; 
PI. 4, C 6), of the 16th cent, (restored in 18U3), the finest of the 
old hooaes of Blois (visitors admitted). We regain the square near 
the chateau by taming flrst to the right, then to the left. 

BlourMon.. — Tg Chimbord. Thli highly InlereBting etcnrsiUB is 
nioet conveniently made bv carriage (return-fare for 1-3 petl., with one 
horse 111-12, with two hiirsea Wfr.). The dtlvers usuaUy go by the hmA 
on (be dyke or emhankioent on Ihe left bank of the Loire (11 H.) and retoni 
by the valley of tlie Ceiiat (10 H.). Or the iteam-tramway may ba takes 
to (10</) U.) Sratiaa (p. 278) and a carriige hired there for Chambord 
(t'/i B. , It pen. 6 fr.). There is a pnhllc conveyance ftom Bracleut, bnt 

Cbainbord, Chevemy, 'and Beaoregard may all he li'iiled in%ne day (16 fr.). 
>Iaar tbe chateau of (»iambord Is the B«ia du Orond-SI-IHelul (good). 

The 'Chateau of Chamheid. situated In a park, 30 sq. II. in area, sur- 
rounded by XI X. of walls, ia one of the Dnest palaeea of the Ren^uance 

lierre Kirpv'eu in 1028 for Francia L. w^oae hTuntlteRildenu ItbeeaiBC, 

and Constn. Bootempi, CiDajon, Pilao, nd other no 
gagod Dd its decorbtlon, liuif cb^ngefl were «fte> 
eapeciillT by Louia :IV. Bdd by Kirshal Sue, to t 
pcesenlcd It In IIIS. From I72fi lo 1733 SUclalaus Let 
of Poland, dirslt at Ohunbord. Napoleon I. pieBi 

railed bj a. national aubscriptton , an bebalf of tbe lulure Comte de 
OhambDrd (iS^SS). It now belongi to the Duke of Parmi and Uie 
Comte de Bardi. The Chilean, odIt tbe N, pari of which ta «>mpleted, 
coniisW of two iquare blocki, the la^er of which, S13 fl. long by SSAft. 

foVma'tha aentrs of the N. fagule oftheot&ei. The coiDeis of each block 

liable mouldlngi 
ein of tbe lower 
■aits (liT Rlgand, 

Lid to b»Ye I 

'oom for iaOC 

BVrJO 11 
i.BftJ. W( 

id. Walker 

t may lightan 


roeeu (be Lc 

- ChMm at CAownevi, >ee p. 360. 
tE, y<> VendSma, tl'/iH., Tidlway in 
16, 1 fr. SB c.), — Beyond H'/i M.) Fout- 
(8 M.) La Chopelit- VmdSmoin )I one of 
here are geieral otberi tn tbia neigh- 

n. 21V: M. FoxtAiw. aee p. 26S. 

' ' "aceBdj (he IrrcgnUr, winding 

Rocliellt. At La Bochctle, at 
of Inhabited Caventi. Similar 

eaTBrni aro found elaawhere in lh<a valley. 

Loire (p. aS3), the Vienne (p. 283), etc. Some of (hoae of Brn 
Bite bank, are 'cry sncient. About Vh M. to the H. i 
CkaUau de !a BoTiaiimHo-i, and as far to tbe S.E. la the OU 
tuu. — Beyond a tunnel we and reach (3D M.) SI. iHm 
l>li H. lo tbe W., baa tbe moat inlere<tlng csTerns In ibla re 
th«660inhab. of the village ace 'Troglodytes'. The Loir ii 
aS'/i M. JlDnMu-iar-lt-loir (Trola Kola) la a amall to 
by a mined cattle, tbe donjon of which date> from tli. 
On the left bank of the Loir, i>l, H. to the 3.E.. are the p! 
of the huge CMIeaa da LavarJin, built in tbe 12-lGtb cent 

278 RouU 39. TOURS. HoUll. 

H«T 0T>h M-) Tmo, vhich hu > Bomueique church of the 13th cenl., 
*re inclnt iuIdi, > tamnlos, ud ■ame intereitiDg uyernl. 10 K. Bimfi- 
mr-Brasi. — il'/j M. Ponl-dt-Brafi, les p. 196. 

Fbok Blois to Vil1.efe.hche- sub -Cher (ntrtcn), vii BomornDtln, 
MB., rtilway In I'/i-SVi hrt. (fsres 6 ft. 40, Ifr.aO, Sfr. 80 c.). ThU 
line erosMa tbe Loire beyond {2iji H.) la Cliovait-SI-VMor. — &■/> H. 
fimt^l-Bt-Claudti S'/iM. J/oBf-jjrit-CSamSordlJtenm-tranitroj, 96Bbelo»)i 
iS M. Odin^CAneny, >/4 U' to the K. of (^nvniv ud iti chateau <p. 377). 
The minhT tract which now tollowi rormi pwl of the Sologm (p. 998). 
Beyond (im/i U.) Fentaint-Siintl the train puses near the Chiliati ie la 
ifoTlmllrt (I5lh tent.). 31 M, ifur-dc-Solo^M. — SI M. Bomorwtin t£<oi. 

(he aiuHrf. The Edict of Bomorenlin, in^ l&BO,^ prevented the eatablljh- 

MatiDD on the line from Toura lo vien 

, iteam-trsiDway fti. 276) io S-9Vj hrs. 

NL taut slations.—TM.iTonl (see shove:. -., — , - — . -.. 

' (conip. p. 276). At (aT'/i M.) La Firii-BtanharnaU ia a chlteau (hat be- 
longed to Sug«ne Besuharnsis. - aSift «. LamoUe-Batrraf, (p. 898). 

Feom Blois to Ouiodie-li-J1ihch« (Orliam), SOi/iH., aleatn-lrainwa;. 
At C^sucr ve meet the iteam-trsniwai rrom Orleans (p. 3T8), 

39. Tours and its Environa. 

Hotsli. 'QuHD HStel de L'UnivBis (Fl.a; D,3), BonleTird Heurle- 

D, si, almoit opposite the station, lo the liehl. b'. S-10, B. !>/<, d^J. 8, 
I>. 4rr.i 'OuHD BStu dd F.ius (Fl-C) G.3), Bue Nationile 17, B. S-10, 
B. 1'/,, d«l. 9/,, D. 4, ooin. i/i(r.; BootK d-0r(P1. d; 0,3,3), ow N*oo- 
auHTs (Fl. ei C, 2), both In the Bae Kaiionale (Hog. 39 A 19)i ■on 
CoHHBnoE (PI. f; 0,1), Place dn Falaii-de-Jnalice, ll..3-a, B. H/t, diM. », 
D. 8'/. fr.i noCsoiBJiBT, Eue GHnhetU 7, near the post otBce (1*1.0,8), 
pens. 9 fr. — Vsuiou : Bruntwiet-Boiniolia, Kue Hui^niui 2, pens, fl S fr. ) 
Fnntatat-Ximau, Rue TnTeralire 2 (PI. D, 3), pens. 6 fr, 

Oafea. Du OmnHm, de la Villt. Bue Netioule 33 £ 46; ib rUntttri, 
Place du PslaisHJe-JnaHcB 8. — Ca/i-Conctrl de fAlcaiar, Eae Nntionale. — 

Cithi. With oae hone! per drive 1, per hr. VI, fr,; with two hocaei, 
1>/, and 2 ft. 

Tramwaya (coinp. the Plin). From the Barrlere de Vonvray (PI, E, 1) 
to the Barrlfre de Onunmont, vift Ihe Bue N^tiDnale and the Avgnne de 

Place d« l-Hotel-de-ViUe lo Vouvraj ™ Matmoulier (p. 283) and Roche- 
torbon (B seclloDi, aO-4Bc. each, 4060 0. for3 secliona, TBc. alUlie way). 

PeaC k Telegraph OfBee (PI. C, 3), Rue de Clocheville Ubi«. 

French Refonned Obuich CTtmpli'), Rue de )a PrireclurBi ten. at 
10.30. Faitiir, M. £upiD d< SI. Aoiri, Rue Jehan Fouqnet 44. 

Batha. £i»i( da la Tcvraint. Boulevard B^ruger 18. 

Toura, » prosperoaB toWD with 64,695 iDhab., the fonnei oapitsl 
of the Touriiint, the chief town of the department ot Indre-tt-Loirt, 
the haadqaarters of the IXth Atmy Coips, and the seat of an arch- 
bUhop, iesitnaledin a feitile plain on the left back of the Loire and 
extends with its Eubuibs as far as the right bank of the Cher, neatlir 
2 H. Siom the Loiie. The agreeable eituatioQ and mild climate of 
Tonrs »re enjoyed by many Knglish reiidenls. 

Tonra, a town of the UalUc tribe of the Twcna or rw-M<, Joined tbt 
league under TeFdngetorii afalnit CEiar in B. C. G2. It wu afterward! 





Ill compfllled br tlis advance of the aBrmsai to lemove to Bordui 
on uec. 2191, 1870. Tlie town wu occupied by the Oermasi from Jan. IDin 
tUl Hanli Stb, 18T1. — Tlis BaUlt of Towi ti the nsme orten elveo (o the 
ci»t bitlle <D which Oharlej Hailel ehecked and hurled back the adyanc- 
fng power of the Sacsceni in 732. It wai [ought between Tonn ind 
Poltlere. — Toun la (amoue » the c<t; or 81. MaHin, who became Iti 
blthr>p in 375i of Oiegory of Toon, who wrote the flnt bliloty of the 

(lTO9-lfeo)° the BOySi.'t'warb^B at T^^.* " "" ' °""^ *" 

Th« RaUway Station (Fl. D, 3, 4) adjoins the tine boulevards 
which separate the town proper fcoin its suburbs. Turning to the 
left, we reach in > few minulea a handsome square with the new 
Hdttl dt Ville end the Palais de Justice (PI, C, 3), a largo Doric 
building erected in 1840. A. bronze statue, by Fournier, was erected 
here in 1839 to Honorif de BaUac (s«e above). The Rue NaUonale 
(PI. 0,3,2), which runs hence to the right to the Loire, is the widest 
and bandsomOEt street in the town. The third street on the right, 
the Rue de i'Archei^ch^, leads lo a square in which elands the Arch- 
hlshop'i Palace (PI. D, 2), approached by an Ionic portal erected in 
the 17th cent, as a triumphal arch. The square is embellished with 
a monument to Or. Vtlpeau (1T96-1867), Dr. IVouMenu (1801-67) . 
and Dr. Brttonmaa (1178-1882), three local worthies, the main 
feature of which is a flgurfi of Tonratne by Sioard (1887), 

The "Cathedral (Pi. D, 2), in the adjoining 'Place', dedicated to 
St. Qatien, who introduced Christianity into Touraino, rises on the 
site of two earlier churches in which St. Martin (d. 397) and Gre- 
eorjr of Toms (d. 596) once offtciated. Though it was begun iu 1170 
and not finished till the middle of the 16th cenL, the various parts 
of the cathedral are exceedingly harmonious, and the whole forms 
in fact one of the finest Gothic edifices in France. The Fa^adt, the 
last part completed, is a lavishly ornamented example of the Flam- 
boyant style; Henri lY is reported to have said of it that it was a 
Jewel to which only the casket was wanting. It is flanked by two 
towers, 226 and 229 ft. in height, the upper stages of which consist 
of truncated pyramids, surmounted by double domes in the Renais- 
sance style. The tympana and pediments of the triple portal are in 
open wort; and above is a boautiftil rose-window. , 

Ihteriob. The work of the different epocba of the eooatiDcUAlii. i< 
aailly Uillnculehed. Seveikl bays of the nave <ne FlamhoTint, »k^ the 






I. The'fin 
. ./ Chart 


ikDiepia ittt froi 

Bud more inteiei 

pt giiei idmliaiu 
-IflOi cent,, *nd . 
CMS. Fine view 

m the 11 

51. JIfarlln'i. 
(h ud IGlh cent, i 

He Ehoii 

1 the work of the 

^tain.X r™6 
ui JMle (ISOSl. — 


1.1 ihe N, 
line frO" 

-ftoJWln, or i[Dg- 
6d with «llrKliv6 

fdur da iTufiE, monDd tower of the 12- lath cent., dutlng Froni ara^al pikUce. 

The Rae de la Scetlerie leade back from the Squire de I'Aiche- 
vecbf to theRneN&tioiiale, passing in front of theThdbtreMimieipft] 
(PL C, D, 2), animpoilng building leboilt in 1872, after a fire in 
1883. The figure of Lyric Poetry on the pediment ie by Cemharfen, 

We CTOsa the Bus Nationele and proceed in a straight direction 
through the Rue dea Halles, at the end of vblcb stand the Tour 
Oiarltmagne (PI. C, 3; right) and tbe Tcur St. Martin (PI, B, 
0, 3[ left). Theie ate relics of tbe fatnons basilica of St. Martin, 
eitolled by Gregory of Tours, and aftermirde rebuilt on a atiU more 
msgniflcent scale in the 12-13lli centuries. Pillaged by the Hugue- 
nots during the religious wars of the IGth cent., It was finally de- 
molished in 1803, when the street was prolonged. The Tour Charle- 
magne, BO called hecauae Luitgaid, third wife of Charlemagne, was 
buried beneath it, adjoined the N. transept of the church ; the Tour 
St. Martin stood to the right of the W. portal. 

At the corner of the Rue Descartes beginning at the Toor Charle- 
magne is the neiT Basilica of St. HarUn (PI. C, 3), In the Romano- 
Byzantine style, by Lalou, etill unfinished. The dome is surmounted 
by a statue of St. Martin, whose tomb was discovered on the spot 
now covered by the crypt. The haiidEOme interior of the church has 
monolithic columns of grey granite and an open timber roof. — The 
Bue des Fosses- St-Martin leads fiom the square beyond the Tour 
St. Martin to the Place de la Vlctoire. — To the left isKoire-Dame- 
la-Eiche (PI. B, 2, 3), built originally in the 13lh cent., but largely 
reconstructed in the 16th cent, and restored in the 19th. The S. 
portal and two stained windows by Pinatgrlet should be obserrod. 

We now descend to the Loire and fbllow the quay to tbe right, 
pissing a suspension-bridge (Fl. B, 2) and enjoying a fine view of 
the hills on the opposite bank. Farther on is the Pont de Touri 
(PI. C, 2, 1), built In 1765-77. Still higher is another suspension 
bridge, connecting Tours with thesuburb ot St. Symphorien. Near the 
Pont de Tours is the 15tb cent. Cure* of St. Salumin (PI. 0, 2). 

Tbe Place de rBfiM-de-7iH« (PI. 0,2), at the N. end of the 
Rue Rationale and the S. end of the Pont de Tours, is embellisbed 
with modem statues of Rabelai) (p. 283, to Ihe left) and DeieaTtes 
(to the right). The old HStel de VllU, on theW. side of the square. 
Is an insignificant building of tbe 18lb centory. 

The Hnaie (PI. C, 1), facing it on the other side of the Rne 
Nationale, contains a gallery of paintings, meetly of trilling valae, 

Muict. TOURS. 39. Routt. 281 

some ancient and modem Bculptnres, eaamela, and oUiec woiks ol 
art {first Dooi), a few antiquities and, a collection o{ nataial bietorf 
(aecond floor). Ths maeeam Is open to the public on Thnta., Snn., 
and boltdays, 12-4, and on other days on. application. 

Piotnn Oallny. " Roau I. To tb« right, S26. Barly copy of Fr. fall, 
Deicarteai drawings by J. Farrccti; FranfoUy Evening. In the centre, 
ScHrnedir, Falling leaves (marhle). - Boon 11, to the riglil of K. I, from 
riehl lo left: 601. Scliool o/ OuWo flmi, Pletin 303 mgaard. Copy of Ea- 
pbaers HoJj Family ; 118. flestott, Philemon and Bauctii Hi. Duicft BeHool, 
Family portrait; 13G. J. Pareoca, Council of watrlortj 162. Valmlla, 
Soldifri pUjini at dice; 17. B. BonUujm, Raps of Prosorpinei 110, 111. 
Fon dfr Sfmlm, Siegea of D81e and of Eeaansonj 3Bi. DfHrieU, Italian 

^X^jAdoutiDiioftlieH^i^ 261. Frttuli'achiol,I.o\et-ayo-«;'^«J,'Flemith 
aciool, 8t. Jufieph and the Virgin', Bffl. B. Sebirl, Bulns In Italy; 72 at 
<eq. Haufl (ISlh cent,), Landscape!. — Room 111, from right 10 left: no 
number, rTninwa Matter, Titian i 655. Sdmol of Cararai/fiB, St. Bebaatlan; 
eO. Laraammn, Portrait of an artisti Le Baeur, 103. St. Louii tending 
the aick, '103, St. Sebiistlan; 62. le Bnm, Dnc lie Biclielleiif bU. Ealf, 
Kiichen; B71. Kiitnu, Landsoape; no number, BreuKir, Toperj ■179. Fan 
ffeiim, Eiver-scene; do number, Bouchir, AooMa crowning the atl« liiketch 
for a ceiling); 338. OxH-lof., Cav.lryatUciti 170. Fan Ar Jf«ii™, LouiiXlV 
at tbeBoia deVincennc.;m rn-frmv. Porlrsil; 15. B. «ouBOF",Triu™ph 
of Galatea; 131. i. Corrotci, St. Francis of A!Ei>ii 217. B<m<i and £™i™imj, 
LinrJscapewitbflguresi BowHtr, 18. Aminla and Syl-ia, 12. fleeing 
rrom the wolf (TaBso); 191, "193. ManUg^, Christ in the Qarden of Olives, 
BeanrrecUoD, predelle of Ihs alWr-piece of San Zeno in Verona (ihe eenlral 
- "■ a,18J(above), P - -'- 



dODOra, Alei. Goubiu 

and bH wllfe (f 


twerp); 89. 

233. Riibnu, Ha. 

ed by Vii 


•11. Bobchr. Apollo and Latona; 

DO nnmber, Hm»i. Cii 

Bo™:, p. 

irttail; IM. JfoBWKff, 


!, HeDiu 


righTot'E. ill). 

: 378. JfeinWiaAui, A 

tb^ Shepherd*., 6. B. 

117. ^«l«il, Dei 

38. Ph. d» Cham 

M.-™. The Good 


lerd; 118. RhI^uI. Edtasr of St. 

BoDedlct; 179. &. fiaiion 

F. Fraoct 

, Eape of Helen; 131. 

ymtr, perFom. 


•orne Bse ■ 

Of the lli-lTtb i 

ent. and 


""T^""""'' "*' ■'■ 

ZoBdto (186), a 

.mall I. 

-ory diply'ch of 

■^ TBtb c' 



11. — Room V (lo tba 

Fl«itiAacl»it . 


left of Boom I): 161, TMrton, Judith; Fttm-Firrin, Dr.Valpeau Ip. 279); 
78. Jommil, Centurion at the feel of Christ; 99. Lipicif, Itatlatbias puD- 
ishing ipoatalcs; 7. Barlhilann, Hanllua Torquclna; 43. M. CcmelUt, tfaa- 
saere of Iba Innocents. ^ The following rooms eontaln a great many 
modern plclnres, for Ihe raoal part of inferior valoe. 

On leaving the Hos£e, we follow the Rue Nationals to the old 
abbey-chnioh of St. Julien (Fl. G, 2), which dates ftom the 13th cent. ; 
the Romanesque W, towet belonged to an earlier chnrch {end of the 
10th cent.). The choii has doable aisles, the two outer tenninating 
In shallow apses of the 16th cent., pro.iecting into the adjoining 
aisles and into the Central part of the t^hoir, which ends in a straight 
wall, pierced with windows. The stained-glass windowe and mnral 
paintings ate modern. 

In the Rne St. Franfois-de-Panle !e the Falnu du Commeree 
(Tflb. dn 0. ; PI. C, 2), the former 'HStel dn Conanlat' (ITth cent.), 

£oi Bou(e .1.1. CHENONOBAUX. Eicursiont 

attttbntod to J. H. MsnaHt, Oppoalte is the formet dmrch of Si. 
Fraacit (167^-77). — In the Kub Brisonnat (No. 18) ie the Home 
of Tritlan I'Htrm-te (15th oent.), the notortoua proTost-mirahal of 
Charles Vll. and Loais XI. It ia also known &a the Ualm-a if« 
Pendas ('of cha hanged'}, from Che natneToa^ executions which took 
place here, at nhich the atout niila on the fafade are memoTials. 

The remaiag of the uhSwau of PhuU-ltt-To'iri, butlt and aecnpled bT 
Louli SI., who died here in 1183, lie ihoul >A M, to tha 8.W. of the town 
dee p. 278). The ruina are, liDwever, very Icanti, and touriati wUl And 
little lo teminil ILem of Ihe grapllic description of 81p WjUbt Boott in 
'QwnJM Darnari'. — The mini of llie famoui Alibt^ of MormmiHtr an on 
llie right bank, about IViH. to the N.E. of the atone bridge. 

Ekcdrsions from Tonas (all vary atttaoHve). 

a. T. Ohenonueam. - Ei.n.w«i, 20 M., in 60-61) min. (fare* 9 fr. flO, 
3 fr. to, 1 fr. SO c). Omnibus from CbeoaneBauf tlatioo to the ylllage 
10 c. (50 0. return it a railway reluni-ticket he taken). The famoni ehSlean 
ofCbenonceanx la open only on Thais. « 8un., 'i-t. — From Cbenonceaal 
to Ambolse (larr. ISfr.J, see p. 2B8. — Comp. 'Old Touratne', by T/uedtre 
Aadna Coo* (3 td1». ; London 189i). 

Tbe line diverges from the Orleans railway and asconda tba valley 
of the CSw, 3i/j M. Si. Pierre-des-Corpi (p. 366); 7 M. Vtrttt, 
I'/^M. from which lies Larcay, with a Romao CasteUwa, (our Mwen 
on the S. side of which are still standing; 11 M. SI. .Warlin-Ie-Beau. 
— 15>/2 M. BUre-Lacroix. BUri ia a town with 3270 inhab., about 
Vji M. to the S,, with a pretty chapel of the IGth centnry. 

20 M. Ohenonoe«nr [Hotel d« Bon-Laioureur, dtfj. ^i/j-S ft.), 
about 1 M. ftom the station, is noted foT Its "OtSXeau, whii^ 
dates from the period of transition from the Gothic atyle to that of 
tbe Italian Renaiaaance. It occupies a curioas sitnation, in great part 
supported by piles inithe channel of the Cher. The chateau was 
founded in 1616 by Thomaa Bohier, receiyer-genecal of taxes, but 
bis eon relinquished it to the crown In 1535. Francis I. frequently 
resided here, and Henri U presented It to Diana of Poitiers. Cathe- 
rine de M^dida, howeyer, compelled the fayourlte to resign Che- 
□onceani in exchange for Chaumont (p. 266), and spent consider- 
able sums in ealaiging and embelliebing her new possession, which 
she bequeathed lo Louise de Lorraine- Vaudemont, widow of Henri III, 
Tbe poet Tasso visited Catherine here, and in 1599 Francis II. and 
Mary, Queen of Scots, spent their honeymoon at Chenonceanz. The 
chateau has long been private property. — The chateau is reached 
from tbe hotel at which the omnibus halts by an avenue which leads 
to the left from the other end of the village and crosses the railway. 

The fore-ooDrt of tbe ehatean control tbe stables. To Uu right i* 
(be Doajim, a relic of «!_ earlier CMlle dating from "-- '""■ — ' "■•■- 

Ooiynn. which formerlj adorned it. 
lU chief teaturei are now tbe balcon 

appears to the left. On tbe ground _._ ., _... . . 

the ante-room, the former 'LOralTie', with a remarkable ehiDHar-pieee 
supported b^ OaryaUdes attributed to lean Qonjon, and the Ohaptl, whlok 

eonUlDi lome old lUlDed elau. Seloir m the auAm tnd Offlm, eiUb- 
lllhftd in two muaive pUea of ui tadent bridge, whfcti originally inp- 

wbleh i> a jingBlm edifice, Iwo itoriM in helgbt, bnill bj 1Hm» of Poiti'ori. 

B Renslssai 

b. T« ObinsD. BuLwxi [Ssble^-d'OlDuia Uiu), SI H., Id K/i-H/i hi. 
(fuTH fi fr. 10, a fr. 80, 2 fr. lb c.)- 

Out lloe passes ovst the Mantes railvsy and cioEses the Cher. 
At (3V2 M.) Joui-lii-Tourt we leave the railway to Loches (p. 284), 
on the left. — 6 H. Saltan. The neighbonring OiSteav de la Carte 
waa the birthpUee of Pope Martin IV, (Siinon de Brion; d. 1386). 
The chapel of the chiteauhas goad stained glass ot the 16th centory. 
— lOVi M. Draye; IS'/a M. Valllres. 

hah. and a beautiful Renaissance *Ch3ttatt, of the early 16th cent., 
with many valuable portraits of great historic Interest and a good 
collection of furniture (adm. daily after 1 p.m.). 

The railway now crosses the tndre. 20'/^ H. Rivartnatt, beyond 
which the forest of CLinon begins; 27'/a ^- ffui'mts. We thread 
a tunnel, 1000 yds. in length. 

31 M. Chiuon {H&ttl de France, Place de rH6tel-de-VilIe; 
Boule d'Or, on the qnay^ de V Union, Place Jeanne-d'Arc), a com- 
mercial town with G033 inhab., is prettily situated on the right bank 
of the Vienne, 9 M. above its junction with the Loire, With the ex- 
ception of the One quay, the streets of this historic t«wn are for the 
most part narrow and crooked; and many quaint houses of the 
15'16th cent, are still standing. 

The Komani bniit a fort (IfiO p. 281) on the site oCCblnon, which tbev 
named Caitu. Subiequently it wu occupied by the Viilgotha and beloDgsd 
■acceulvely to the kinsdonia of Paiii auj of Aiutnria, to the eoooM of 
Touraine, and (o Henry TL. a! Eneland. who frequently dwelt atChinon 
and died there ia 1189. When Philip AuEuilua united Toiiraine to France, 
Chinon did not yield to him liU after a yeai'a aiege (1304-51. Between Ihit 
date and (he beginniDg of the 15th cent, the plai:e frequently changed 
handi. Charlea VII. wu at Chiuon when Joan of Arc Qrit longht him in 
1428, lo nrge him to march to the relief of Origans. 

The Roe Solferino, leading to the town, traverses a eqnare with 
a modem S(alu« of Joan cf Are. Farther on we follow the quay, 
skirting the Tienne, which here attsins considerable breadth. To 
the left, on this side of the bridge, is a bronze statae, by Em. Hubert, 
otBabeiaia (d. 1553), who was bom at or near Chlnon about 1496. 
Opposite is the Place de I'HGtel-de-Ville, whence we proceed to the 
right through the Rue Jean-Jacques-Kousseau to the Rne du Puy- 
des-Bancs (left), the chief approach to the cbfiteau. In the latter 
street are several Caoemi in the rock, still used as dweltinge. 

The CnaTEAn of Ohinon oonsiets in reality of Aree dis^nct 
castles: the Chateau de St. Georges, the Chateau du Milieu, and'Uie 

286 HMrf. 




,at tit 


pwt lift, 

or Chsrlea VII. 
ce thai Inepiiod 

of France, ud It 

,. Onrs. Thomonki 
uion from Loul. XI 

WM Tarj 

to monk! 
1, aJleglnf 

■ccepled by IliB moDkg. The lombounmoTed, howeisr, under LoulaXVI. 
Opened in 17^ it la now emptf. 

One of the oldest pirts or the Chatesa Royal conuina the besn- 
tifnl Oratory of Anne of Brittuny (p. 276), wife oF Charlei Vlll. 
and of Louis Xn. 

Tbe'DoNioH, or Kbbp, at the other end of tiie enclosaie, to reach 
which WB turn to the right at the chuich, is atiU the most inteieatiDg 
part of the castle. The attendant explains the varions pointa of 
interest To the left of the entrance liiee the donjon propel, a 
leoUngnlar towet of the i2th eent., 80 ft. long, 46 ft broad, and 
130 ft bigh, ot which nothing now remaina but the four walla. Adja- 
cent, to the left, is a Blmilar tower, but smalleT and In wDiee pre- 
BBTTatton, To the right of the donjon is the MarttUt, which con- 
taine the dnngeon in Vhich Ludovica SfoTia, 'il Hoio', Poke of Milan, 
was confined for nine years [d. 1610). The wallt bear lariona curious 
Inscrlptiona by him and his portrait. Farther to the right le the 
Tour Rondo or Tour Neuve, built by Louia XI, Tbia tower contained 
the famous iron cages in which Cardinal de li Batne (p. VXt), their 
inventor, Philippe de Comines, the historian, and othen, were 
confined. — Below (he donjon are secret subteiraneao pauagea 
(11th cent) which served for proTiiioning the castle. 

On quitting the castle-enclosure, we turn to tlie right, to obtain 
a view ot it from the outside. We may then return to the Place de 
la Tour, by the lower street, which passes in sight ot the Portf del 
C0Tdctitr4, a town'gate dating from the 15tb century. 

On tbe othsi bank «f the Indre, farther up, llu £ual<ni, wiUi an Id- 
terealing abbef-church In (he EDmaneique ityle, partly In mini and partly 
tcitored Id the ICitb centary. 

, leeR-BlD) toAonfanu, 



40. From Paris to Troyee and Bolfott 289 

I. Ftom PuiB to Troyea 289 

Feniirea. From areti-Arm^nvill™ (Psri.) to Titrx- 
"lo-FfsnJoU, SeO. — FromLoneueville to Proyfnj, Ml. — 
From RomiUy to S^ianne, 893. — From Troyw to Chi- 
lami-anr-Harnti to Toul; to St. FJoreniin, 2liT, 288. 

II. From Ttoyes to Bolfort 298 

From Chaumoni to ChStilloa-iur-Selos, 399. — From 

From Vltre; to Bourbonne-l'eii-BatDi, 301. — Froui 
Lure to Vtllergeiel, 903. — From Balfort to lisle, 

41. From Paria to Epinal 305 

a. Via Blesme, Bologne, Neofchlteaa, and Mlrecourt 305 

b.' VU Bar-le-Duc, Neafcliiteau, and MiiecoDit . . . 306 

e. ViaP»gny-8ur-Mett8e, Neafohataau, andMlTBOourt SOT 

d. Via Toul and Mirecoort 307 

e. Via Naney and Blalnyille-la-Gtande 308 

From Clisrmu lo BambuiTilleM, 308. 

f. Via Chsumont, Neufehateau, and Mireoourt . . . 30S 

g. Via Jaasey and Darnleiillea 309 

42. From Nancy to Dijon 312 

a. Vii Tool, Nentchateau, and Ohalindrey 312 

b. Via MiiecouTt and Challndrey 312 

0. Via Epinal, Vesoui, and Gray 314 

From AfllevllUra (o Faymont, 315. — From Gray to 
Bucey-le..Gy and to BoaanjOB. 815. 

43. From Epinal to Belfait. Plombi«iea 31b 

From Flowtil^FeB to RemiiuuoDt, 3iS. 

44. From Belfort to Strasaburg 319 

From Uulbauian (Paria -Balfort) to BJle. Froio Boll- 
woiler to Oebwellar, 8%. 

46. Fiom Nancy to Strassburg 321 

St. Kieolas-da-Part, 3S1. — From Kont-iur-Maurtlie to 
Qerb^TillM, 822. — From iBoey-Ayricoorl lo Clrey. 
Prom Donlach.AYri coo rl to Dleoie, 333. — EKoriioni 
tromZabem. From Zabern to Higenau; to8elilsttitadt, 
333. - FroiD Darr to tbe OdlUenberg aid to Hobwald, SU. 
48. From Lune'ville to St. Di* and Epinal 325 

EUval to Seoonea, S25. — Montacne d'Ormoot. Caie 
Bt. MgrtiD, 326. 

47. Excaisions into tlie Voages ftom St. DU 327 

a. To Sliasebmg viii Saales 327 

CHmonl. From Urmall (o Nieder-HMlacll wd Uit Valley 
of the Nldect, 327. — Girbaden, 328. 

b. To Schlettstadt via Markiroh 328 

Hoheo-ESnigaburg, 328. — Klnihelm, etc., 339. 


e. To Colm*t vU Ficbe, the Col da Bouhomme, and 

Schnierlsch 329 

Fiom PlainUni lo Le Ttltin >nd tbc Sehlocbt, 109. 
— Weiiis See, MB. ~ Btf.uuard. Urbeii, 830. 

48. Exoaieions into the VoegBB from Eplntl 330 

lu To the Sehlncht uia QSrardiuBr 330 

Liku of Longuner Bad Belouncmer, 33S. — From the 
ScUndit to (he Boheneck, 331. — From Ihe actiliiclK 
to (be Weluc Sec (Luc Blue); to Lt Breue, 33&. 

b. To Colmu Tis the Schlacht &iid Munstet .... 336 

FromKiiutsrtoJlBlienl. Kshlwiwusii, 836. — From 
Turkbdm lo Drel Mhien (Trolt-Epli){ to HoUtndl- 
burg, 331. 

c. To MtllhsuBen via BuBBang and Wosserling .... 337 

V&lliiedeiClurbaDiiier«, LKdeBeri, QreaBOn, etc.,SS8. 
— OrosseBelcben. FromBeiiDlieim lo Humunalei, 33S. 

d. To Mulbnusen vii Cocnimont uid Weaseiliog . . 339 

I. Via Cornimont, L» Breese, and Weesetling . 339 
II. VIS Cornimont, Veritran, and Wessertlng . . 340 

e. To Selfort lii the Walsche Belohen 341 

BBllo'ii ds Serruco, 313. 

49. Fiom Belfoit (Stra^sburg) to Dijon 343 

a. Vii Hontbjliard and Besan^on 342 

From 110Dlbi<liarA lo Delle) to St. Hlppolfte, 313. 

b. Via Vasoul and Besanton 344 

50. Beaansoii n4& 

51. From Beasnfon to Nenehatel 350 

From L-USpital-du-Groi-BDla to l.odi, 361. — From 
GilUy to FoDlarller, 3&1. - From Mnrleau to Bl, Hlp- 
DOlfte, 362. — Col Aet Rocb«. Lac d«i Bruieli. Bant 
du Doubt, 3S2. 

62. From Besaneon (Balfort) to Bourg (Lyont) 353 

Fn>m Kouotiard to Ballni, 363. 

63. From Piria to Dijon 36;'> 

a.. By the direct line 366 

From VlJlBD«uie-8l-a«irau to UonterEau vUCorbeil, 
afiS. ~ From Sena to Troyei (CbUou), 381. — From 
Laroebs lo Llale-Ang^lv, SKt. — Xont Aoioil and 
AllK. Cbiteau ie BuBav-RabaUD, 363. — From 
Laiunea lo Rpinas. Sourcea of tbe Seise, SSJ. 
b. Via Ttoyea and Ch>«llon-8ut-Selne B64 

64. Dijon 365 

From DIJOD lo St. jtmour) to Epinac, SJi. 

66. From Dijon to Nencb£tet and to Lausanne 374 

1. From Dijon to Pontarlier 374 

From Aojonna to Cbalon-sur-Saflne, 3T5. - From D81« 
to Chagiiyi lo PollgD?, 370.— From Aodelol to Cham- 
pagnolB, St6. 
II. ■ From Pontatlier lo Ntiuiihatel a»d to Lausanne 877 




5S. Le Hoivao. AuiBire. Antun I 

a. Froml.uDche(Sen8)toA(ixeiie(Aatan)uidNeT«TB I 

b. Fioai Aaisire to Autun Tii AtUIod i 

From At^Iod to I>ijon vU Semiu) to T^ieUy, 333. 
— From Avillon lo Chutellui ini Lormu, Mid lo 
QoiTH-lu-Tombu, 388. — From Sulien lu Maiit- 
Moclia, 3Bi. 

c. Prom Climocy (Auxene) to P»i»y-le-Monial 
(Monltna) i 

From Corblgor lo Lormu, 384. — Ftodi Twnnir-Ctai- 
UUon to Ch^twa-Gblnon and 10 Cbntilloo-ei-BHaiK, 
3Sfi. — From ▼aodeiieHe lo St. HoDor^-les-Bulna, 380. 
67. From Dijon to Na*ers i 

a. Vis Obagny, Hontchuiln, and Le Crensot .... I 
Abbiir* d« CStMni, 888. — From Beknna lo Arn»T-le- 
Doc, 381. — From Hontcliaula lo Bbmiie nd to 8(. 
QeDgODI, 3S8. 

b. Vli Chagny and Autun i 

From AdIdd to dwteau-ChinoD nod to tbe Beuvray. 3Sl3. 

58. From Paris to Netere 393 

a. VU Fontainebleau and MoDtaigis 393 

From SODppu to ChUoa.LBndon, 393. — From Hod- 
tuglg 10 Sen!) to Glim«r (Morvan). 3S1. — From Oien 
to ArgBDt; to Anierrs. SAS. - Ftori Gosne lo BoDrges, 
5BB. — From Comie lo CUmetf, 398. 

b. Vti Coibeil and Montargie 396 

FromlUlubcrbei toOrli^Bni, From BuuDe-U-Kalandi 
to Bourgu, 397. 

c. Yi& OiWans and Bourges 

Tbe Sologus, 398. — From Eoureea to LBogcre, 102. - 
From La QoerchB lo SI. Amud ind to Villefrancbs- 
d' Alii or, WS. 

40. Prom Paris to Troyes and Belfort. 
I. From Fajli to Troyei. 

101 H. OuLHii lOwe de I'Bat; tleket-affica to tbg lalt, at tbs end of 
t)ie ai^ion; lee Fl. C, 31, p. 1) In Si/.-Qi/. bn. (fuea ISfr. SO, lilt. 75, 
Sfr. 35 c). 8m alio tbs Hap at p. 100. 

Anotbar Une, Itarting ft.™ tba Gare de Vinernne* CPl. F, 26 at p. 1), 
nuuvlft [-taunui (3Vi H.), ^gMW-nD^jUarH (CVi K. ; see below), CAonwl^r 
(10 M.), BrtfOBmU-merim'ftU.i H3lel de la Once da Dieo), elo,, to 
IWh «■} rmuail-rSlaaff {p, 290). wbere it joins Ihe diracl line. For 
details, «ee Baiietir'i Parii. 

From Paris to (6>/s M.) Noiiy-U-BeCf aw p. 136. — 8 M, Romy- 
)oui-Bois. To tba light we see tbe rortreBS of that name; to the left 
is Ihe plateau ot Avroa (p. 135). — IQl/j M. Sogtnt-mr-Manu!, a 
plaoe with 10,586 Inbab., eitending on tbe right as tar as the Bola 
de ViucenneB (see Baeddetr'i Handbook to Paris). The lice passes 
numerous coon try-bouses and crosses the Matne b^ a curved ria- 
dnct, BIO yds. long snd 90 Tt high. Farther on ve diverge to the 

BiEoaKEK'i BorlbBcB France. Jtb Edil. 19 


290 RaaU 40. COTJLOHHIERS. From Parii 

left from the Puis Subnrbui RUIvar (ChemiD ds Fee de QT>nde- 
Oelntors), whicb rani to tbe S. pKBt Otamplgny, memorable for the 
battles of 30th Not. and 2nd Dec, 1870. — 13 M. vmieri-iur- 
Mamt, a lillaga occupied by tbe Germans during tbe battles at 
Champigny. We next traverse the platean of La Brie. To the left 
rises the fortress of Villiera-Bor-Marne, — 20 M, Oiavtr-la-Ferriire. 
About S'lt H. (0 the H. ii the Tlll^e of F^rrterH-SB-Bria, with i fine 
Chmra of the 13lh cent, and a haDdiomemadsri] CMUim, in the style of the 

In Ibli chateau, on (he IBlh and !2Dlh Sept., 1870, that Prince Bfamaick and 
M.Jnlei PsTre met to afrange an annlillce; the neeodationi, lowever, 
proved (rultleu. Vliiton are nut admitted without an order. 

The line nov passes through a forest, f o the right as we emerge 
is the OiSttan Pereirt, a bandsome modern building in Ibe style 
of the 17tb century. — 34 M. Ortlt-ArmalavHUn fbuffetj. 

FaoH OaKTz-AaHiiNYiLLiae (Pabtb) id Tirar-tB -Fuhcoib, 103 ■., 
lallwaT In S>k hri. [faru 19 fr. 5, 13 fr. 60, 8 fr. 10 c.). — T U. Maria. 
Branch to VeraeuU-l'Etang, lee below. A narrow-gaoBC Hoe ruog hsnce 
Tit jBan-lfChdM lo QEi'l, HjHiogii (see l>elow). 8 U. £a Himiiatl-Critt- 
cow. LaHouuare, to the left of the line, ha> a chlteau of tbe IBlhcent., 
with a Bne parli. — lO'lt M. Mortar/, the junctioo of > Una to Paria 
Til Tllleneove-le-Comte and agnj (p. ISC). ~ The train esters the Taller 
of the Oraai-Morii, which it aicenAi nearly a> far as 8«unne (see below). 
14 H. OMtrard, a vUlage with a Sne cbiteao, *Ia H. to tbe left. The tnio 
neil ptHei La CiUt (to the left), with a ruined abbey. 

aO U. Coulemmlera (miei it rOari), an Ancient but somewhat un- 
Intuealing town on the GrandKorin, with OiOIl inhabitants. It pouaaiea 
a Chiuch (9l. "DeoiW of thi '" ■ " "■■ ... 
clue of (he IStb cent.; thi 
bronie stalne, erecled in IL_.. .,_ .., 

JoivM or KoJmftn, the painter (1B9I 1631], wu bom here. ' 

SOS. /ouy-isr-VDHn-it-jranitt, with large paper-uilla; 3611. La Ftrlt 

Oiw;A«- (Hdlel du aauTtge), a small town. 

ITIt X. Eifrnay la also a staUon on the Unas from ILixj (Chttean- 

Thierry) to Bomilly (p. iSI), and from ProTins (see p. 3»Q. Beyond 

(GS'/i U.) Uair-SI EpeUi} tbe train iHues from the ralley of the Morln 

by a tuone! BOO yds. Ion-. 

671/1 H. Ceianne (HStil dt Franct), a town with UI7S inhab., pretUIr 

situated on a idateau, with benulif"! walks in the vicinity. In the town 

y the fine Church nf SI. flwii (t8th cent.). Railway to EomlUy. see p. 2B3. 

pagat Pmillttue (n. 593). At f71 H,) La Firi-ChampinoUi the left wing of 
the Prench army wu defeated by the Allies on Sfilh Uaich, iSlt. Ltne to 
Epemay, ace p. 138. — SI'/i H. Sunmuoiu, also a atalion on tbe Una 
from Troyes lo ChUons (p. 2D6). Beyond (100 H.) Birirm the Use to Valen- 
tlgny (pp. lU, 3(X1) diverges lo the right and Ibat to ChUons and Parli lo 
the left (B. 18). — 103 M. Yilm-h-FratitiiU, see p. liO. 

33 M. Vemtuil-rEtatig is the junction of s line from Paris vii 
Vincennes (p. 2S9), and of a branch to (9 M.) MarUi (see above). 
Tramway to Mavn (p. 356> — U H. Nangii, s tmsll town witb a 
ruined castle and an interesting cburcb of tbe 14th century; &0 M. 
Maiian-Rouge. Short tunnel. To the loft we notice tbe wall-pre- 
served chntch of 81. Loup-dt'Haitd, in the Romanesque and Gothic 
styles, with a richly adorned portal. We thencross thefoubfcby a 
curved viaduct, UDyds. long and 65 ft. high. 

a Ch^Uau of tl 

Ci5'/! U. LongnevillB (Bitffti) is the tenninns for tbe snbiuban 
tcaliis from Paris, >nd tb« fligt bait at tbe eipieGS-traiiis. OontinQ- 
itton ot the railway to Tioyee, sec p. 292. 


way throngh fhe valley of tha Vouitje. 

4 U. FroTini (Boule d'Or, Rue de la Cordonnetie 22; Fonloinc, 
Rue VicMi-Arnoat 10),aquaint old town with BT94inbab., iBdtaated 
partly on the bank o( the Voalzie end paitly on a Bteep hill above it. 

Ib IhB midais UM Piovipi vtt iiproiperQui ommifuclorinE town, 

already b^na, snd i» doirnfslt wu eomplEted In 1089, nhen'Henri IV 
beileged ii dnring Oie religioni w«r». 

On quitting tbe station, in tbe lower andlsES ancient part of the 
town, we cross a canal to the right, and follow the Hue des Bordes, 
at the end of whii.b we tum to the left and so reanh St. Ayaul, a 
Qothio cbareh with Romanesqne featnree, dating from the 12-16tb 
centuries. The line reredos of tbe high-altar, eiecoted by Btasset 
(;i61%.63), is embellished with a painting by Stella, reproEenting 
Jesus among the Doctors. Tbe Lady Chapel, to the right, contains 
eenlpturea by BUsset, and the Baptistery, to the left of the entrance, 
contains two 16th cent, statues of St. Cecilia. The transept, ohoir, 
and apse have been converted into store-rnoniB. — To tbe right of 
St. Ayo-iliis the Qmdarmetit, established in an old Benedictine 
convent, 'and to tbe left of the square rises tbe Dne Toicrr of Solrt- 
Dame-du'Val, a relic of another 16th cent, church, 

Becrossing the Place St. Ayoul and proceeding In a straight 
direction through the Roe de la Cordonnerie to the Rue du Vat, and 
then turning to tbe right, we reach 8te. Croii, a church of the 13th, 
16th, and 16th cent,, containing several interesting works of art. 
Among these may be mentioned the stained-glass windows of the 
16th cent (in grisaille), tbe fonts with mutilated high-reliefs of the 
same period, and the holy-water etoup at the S. door. 

The Rne St Thibaut, a prolongation of the Rue du Val, leads 
to the upper town. At the lower end of the street, to the left, starids 
the Hottl-Dieu, dating in part from the 13tb century. In the Rue 
des CapDCins, beyond the Rue Chrletophe-Opoii, to the left, shortly 
before the HAtel-Dien, is the HStel dt Vauluisant, a dwelling-house 
of tbe 13th centnry. The street to the left beyond the H6tel-Dieu 
ascends to St. Quiiiace, passing in front of the ColUgt, oecnpying 
the site of the palace of the Counts of Champagne, some remains of 
which dating from the 12th cent., still eilst 

The Charch ofStQuiriaceU conspicuous by Its ugly modern dome. 

This inteielttng ediOce diitfi fnini IHKI. I> ivu odcs or mucb tireiler 
eiteat, bU lbs naie bu been cartatled tn nne'lully <bs unmr: Isnfib u 
Uu ebolr. Tbe floe choir with lit cillery 1i in Ibe Tnusliioiial itT'". 
Tbe pTufniion ol poioted aicbea in ibe raulilni ihould b« Doiieed. 

292 Routt 40. PBOTINS. FVflm Farit 

AlittlGbefondSt.Quiiiiice, towhichltseiTea as bell -tower, rise 

tbe *6bob8b Tovb, oi Tour Ciaar, \a ancient keep of the 12tb cent. 
surrounded by h strong rampart of masonr; built by the Englisb ir 
tb« 16th cent, (teeper wltbin the enclosure). Tbe lower story j« 
square, with round turrets at the angles, the npper Btory is octagonal. 
There were formeily four stoiiBS, and the present parapet and roof 
date from tbe ITtb cent. only. In the interior are two Tanlted cham- 
berG, tbe upper one cont^uing several amsU cells said to have been 
used for prisoners. A fine ilev of the sorroondlng conntry iB ob- 
tained from the passage roand tbe base of the octagon. 

At the foot of the keep, as we descend the ramparts (see below), 
we notice further tbe Tour dit Luxcmiourp, tbe Jfaison du Bmvrreait, 
and tbe Pinaiie (higher up), another residence of the Conuta of 

Farther on is tbe Flace du Oidtel, with an ancient Croia and 
WtU, beside vfhich is a fragment of a 12th cent, church. Tbe street 
at the end of the Place leads to tbe Poite de Jouy (see below). To 
the left is tbe line St. Jean, with tbe 13th cent. Graage det Dlmet, 
or tilhe-bscn (apply at the hotise opposite), the hasement of which 
communicates with a Eeiies of huge vaults. 

The Rne St. Jean ends at the balf-ruined Forle St. Jean. Outside 
this gate U the best preserved part of the * Ramparia, wbieh date 
mainly from tbe 13tb century. They are sCrengtbened at intervals 
by round and square towers, and are bordered by a fosse. At a little 
distance to tbe left is the Tour oui Pourceaux or 'Hogs' Tower'. 
Jf we proceed to the right we reach the Tour nux Engiru, beyond 
which the ramparts tnrn at right angles, and we see (he so-called 
Engliih Brench ('BrSche aui Anglaia') made in 1432, and the Porte 
de Jouy. We should heic descend by a footpath into the fos^e to 
visit (he Trou nu Chat, a postern in a tower. The enceinte heie is 
double, one wall euclosing (he npper town, tbe other descending 
to the Dvrleinl, an affluent of the Voul?.ie, about 230 yds. off. 

The ramparts of tbe lower town were less important, and have 
been partly destroyed. They were bordered by a moat fiill of water, 
which still exists and is now skirted by the Stmparti i'AUgre, a 
pleasant promenade '/i M. long. On a bill to the left is the Qinaal 
Eoapital, occupying the site of a 13th cent, convent. 

Farther along the promenade is a Mineral Water EsU^li/hmini 
(closed in winter) with weak chalybeate springs, efticacioos in cases 
of cbloTOsiE and anfemia (fee 25 c. per day or per litre ; bath 1 fr.). 
Beyond the promenade lies tbe pleasant public Oardin, with ths 
VillaGamieT, containing atiirory and a smallMuMum{open'nmr8. 
and Sun., from 12 to 4). Qnittlng the garden at tbe other side, «s 
follow the Rue de la BibliotbSqne to tbe Bue da Tal (p. 291]. 

RiiLWiv TO TBotBB [coullnnation). — The train now puiti 
through some pretty wooded Talleys, and beyond (57'/s M.) Oiat- 



fo Troytt. . TKOYES. iO. Roale. 29d 

maUon dMMode 4esti) to Ibe JtlUy of the Seine. — From (6972 M.) 
Flamboin-Qouaix (bnffet) & bitnch-line ions to (iO'/t H.] Jlfan- 
((reaii (p. 361). — 62 M. Htrmi ; 64'/? «. M«I.. 

69 M. HoBent-»ur-SeIno (Cygnc-de'lo'CTaii), n town wSlh 3818 
lohab., conlftina nothing of toteiest bat the ehnrch of 8t. Laarenee, 
t, building ol the ld-16tli centorias. The top of it» graceftd tower ia 
oiDimented with > grille In the form of r gridiron. — Near Nogent 
Etood the ebbey of ParacUt, founded In 1123 by the celebr&ted 
AbJUrd, who was interred here along with HAoiie; the empty 
venlt, in a farm, is all that remains. 

We now cross the Seine and ascend Its Talley to Ttoyea. Tl'/j *•■ 
PoKl-iMr-Seme is a village with a modem chitean. In the neigh- 
bonrhood U a stalactite eavem l'/4 M. long. 

80 M. RomiUy-tur-Seine (Bnffet-Hotel ; Gygne), an indostiisl 
place with 9000 inbab. and large rail way- works. 

Railway vii Eitarna; to Xiiv and ClidliaU'TMtn-y, lee p. 131 ; to fT X.) 
Anglta-; on thfl Anba, and to (iS'/i It.J aiian-e (Bpernaj), lee p. 390. 

Several imali sCatians are passed. Beyond (100 H.] Burbtrcy 
the railway to Sens diverges to the right, and that to Chilons to the 
left (see p. 298). ~ 194 M. Troyt). 

tSaWi! — Hstsli. HJT ti PES C oTTRBiaaa tPl. »! 5,3), Eu* derHfltel- 
ie-VllleBSTR. S'/i-B, B. i'li73i'i. 3, 1>. Wi, ntalSHtk.; Co Motlt {PI. wi 
A,S), Place de la Bonnelerlei CD Cohhesce (Pl^i B,3), Kue Notre- Dam a 3a, 
R. ilM, B. 1, d«. 3, D. S'/i, peni. S'/i, gmETiVn. ; St. Laukikt (PI. c; 

C^g, J ^- ^ - • . 

tlnNa. Oa/i lU ParU, QaH du Jfora. Plus ds la BonnEterle. Cafi dt 
ta ntU, opp«ile tlie HAlel da VlUe. — -Buffa al Ibe auiiop. 

Oabi foi 9 pecl., per dHve I'jt fr. y, for 1 para. 3 fr. | per hr. 3 A 3</i ft. 

Bleotrio Trunvara, From tlie Ftnl Babirl (PI. E, 3) to StI. Savint 
(PI. A. a}; from (be BobOTb or !>««<• (PI. B, 1) lo Ihatof n-rfu (PI. C. 1); 
and fram the f«st dt ffUi (PI. £, 3) lo tbe CtmHtrv vli the Eue de Pari* 
(1-1 A, 1), 

PoaC ft T«l<g»ph Offlcis (PI. 7) B, 3), Rue CharbonncI 1. 

Amsriun Oaniolar Acant, Saitcn Sallit. 

Tro!/M, the ancient capital of Oiampagnt, the chief town of the 
depaTttnent of the Aubt, and tbe seat of a hlsbop, Is situated on the 
Seine, which here diTldes into several arms. Pop. 53,146. Its 
narrow and crooked o ld etre ets, its, ti nib er baits es, a nij lis imp ortant 
chncchee combJnS lo cenHW it onej^f tte r^ost qnaint MLififflaiest- 
in^ towns in Eastern France. Tioyes was formerly a place of great 
commercial importance, and is said to have lent its name to 'Troy 
weight' (?). It Is now chleSy celebrated for its hosiery and pork. 

Troyea, the capital of the Critic Tricaui, wu called by Ibg EoniBna 
Atiguitiitatui, and afterwards Trteat. Si. Loup or Si, Lupus, one of its Srn 
biihapa, diierled an allick by Attlla la Ihe Ktb ceot., bat the (own was 
■acked by tbe I-oTmani in .SSO and 906. In Ibe interval l-oulsD. was crooued 
king bere by Pope John Vin (In STI). SubBequently it became Ihe capital 

Tblbaut IV. (1201-63), lumamed' Ibe Minairel fie Chansonnler'). It wai 
aflerwarda allied to Ibe erowo, bet (ell into the hands of Ihe BargundisDa 
and Engllih during the madoeas of Cbirlea VI.. and it »u bere tbat the 
dligraeeCul lieatj of 1430 was signed, wblcb acknuwledeed Henry V. of 
England a> Regent orFrance, and declared Ibellleglllmaey of theDaupblu, 

aHnotidl CIikIu Til. One of tHe btUcIm of tba trut; proyided tor 
Ui« mHrla«e of Henr; T. with Ihe Piinceaa Catharine of France, which 
wu loon Bflei eoleiDaiaed In the church of Bt. Jean (comp. 'Etmg Bmrf 7.\ 
T. II). Id 1139, howevei, the town waa Uken by tlie Kald of IJrl^ani. A 
century later liSObi Truyes was taken and partly burned b) Emp. Charles T. 
FrotutaDUam found rtady acceptance among (be Inbabllante otTroyea, and 
the KeyocatioQ of the MicI of Nantea ruined Its Indasttial ))rosperity ud 
reduced Its population from fiO^OOO tol2J)0O. Troyu alio suffered creatlT 
from (he campalga of ISlt, owing to lis poaidon near (he cen(re of the 
strategic operations. Among the famous nttlTes of Troyes are Chresden 
the 'Trouvera', Pope Urban IT., Hlgnard tbe painter, and the sculptors 
Olrardon and Slmact. 

Shortly after leaiing Che eUtion we u« controntcil with the con- 
BpicuDDs Honnment of tha Sons of the Anbs [PI. A, 2), > mirble 
group ('conqQeT or die'), by A. Bouriia, oommentOTatlng the wu of 

Turning to the right along the bouleTud, we see, to tba left, the 
church of Bt.NieolM fPL.3,(|A.31. a Gothic building of the 16th cent., 
with a porcTTTthe 17th. *"" 

ABovg the projeoling porch Is tha intsrsjUm jfld. JtoJaiyne Calfpry 
aogd (re«c6iEilt>i.a BloBell.aUfiaBfl.Jionuhe;;gralele), with mural pstnt- 
injis bT KIcuTas C rdouunter, and an EcT^omo ^j GeotU, tvo IHlh cut. 
ar(ls(a of Trojes. To "" i°p "' the. nwb.jB a HuW SeBulchre (closed), 
surmouBted by a figure of Christ of the lAlh centn^ ffi a (Qata In front 
of theSepulcbre and the Mne sculptnra represcoling (ha AlSraRin of (he 
ShepherJs liclang 10 tbe Kenansauce period. Th e aisle s eunU In soma 
goodajained el 'ss of the Ibb, caiUnTy. In a niche WSv tfi?%iKaM to 
(be m%r(Ei^i.if it a p7^(^cuh>lura of St. Ierome(I} B( mjer, and 

Behind thie church are tha Market and the Place lie la Bonne- 
teritiPi. A, 3), containing a JIfonumenf erected in 1900 by the town 
of Troyes to those who hate rendered her serrioe. Fnther on begins 
the Rqb Notre^Daoie, the principal street In the town. 

A little to the right is Bt. Fantalion (PI. 4; A,.B, 3), another 
Gothic church of (he 16-1 7th cent:, with an iSffi cant, fajade. 

In the nBfe;Tdtfie'"rtelii; Is a large anlmHBtirffiltonr by Gendl, 
I of which Is the group of Holy Women. In Ihe adj.,cen[ 
Inleresdog group of n. Crispin owl ». IXtpinloK by Ihe same 

arUsi. The window ). In th e 8. 


Ti pITTJlf*tn nre nare are tw o JJtofa as. 

, helle(«S1ry MDOpICT, lacribeaTb Genlll llff'hU 

•atue lyim""!' " Riauccl. TUejuHliad timber ceiling, wlih a 

— , jllve In^iT cSufl, is 16 ft. hiiET In the aisles are eitht laraB 

m tllBlllJ. g i my e sii r a pnpil oTcebrun, representing the life of 81. Pan- 
lioD, a phyilcian of ^icumedia, marOred about 30o, and two by Her- 
lison, rapreaeudng Ihe Halivlly and ihe Bnlombmenl. 

Opposite ^o_chorch ii the HStelde^ Vg^^sant lELB.i A, 3 V « 
rivaie house"*^ 1564, now occapTert by a dob. Not fsrfioio this 

nne f No 661 Is the H6^^JgJ3v!^-ilntl, 
IIW (t^oTfJ. the first a ■ 

I beyonl the 
Bae TorenHBT'Th'B HBTff 1?? 'Miii)roy,'two interesting houses of tiie 
16tb ce.nluty. " "" .-.■—... ^1 . - . .^ 

Returning to tha Rue Motre-Dame, we follow it as fat as tha 
eiith cioss-street on the left, where we tarn aside to Tlsit flt, JetLn. 
CPJ;_2; B, 3), a church of the 14th_andJ6th cent., of insigniBcaiit 

tha ietU,ttiitRry. The reredojiit ihs hidi-pil*'- , deaignef tirWraHun in 
Uie CorinttUn atylo, co n 1 aiiiB iwb" ~paiQ ilagi "b y P, MiEmrrt, rBpteaenting 
the Biplism gf ChtiW, and Q.jd Ihi^ TMmr (cuversdi lie vfrgcr Is inin- 
moDsd by ths bell U the Hght nf the entrioee (o tue cboir) In tb^ clutpel 
behind the choir Is sn Allgg-pifci wilh flQ^jnirhJ.o reliefs repre-eollng 
scaneiTrom Cbe PsBaiOD, by l^uwakJuliut (!43^, Bolshi^d by OirwdaD 
(cu<8 in ibi Itatie). A chapel b> Ibu right of ite choir lonlains (he 
VisiUllan, a group of tb« IBlh CEniury, And one to Ihe ielt, near the 
sacristy, m Entombment of the ISth centucy. 

A little lieyoiid St. Jean, to th« left. Is the Rue Ghampeani , at 
No. 26 in which U the Hdtel dei l/nmi, of 1525TTC SfB, 2). 
Farlhei on, ths JJdtel tl< "TT/i^ (PI. H, 2J, an aalntemtSng and 
decayed structure of the 17th eenloty. A niebe In the facade 
formerly contained a statne af Lonis XIV, now replaced by a flgute 
at Liberty, dating from 1793, which the Restoration endeavoured to 
tTansform into a Minerva. Tba large hall on the first floor contains 
a marble medallion ot Louis ^17, which is one of the best works 
of Qirardon. 

The Roe de rQ£tel'de-Ville, a little farther on, leads to the H. 
to •8l._rjbaui (PLC^ 2), a small ohuich of the 13th cent., now un- 
dergoing restoration, tt is co nsidered a.j6m q( .th^.K^iest Oothip 
aichitectnre, in the etyle^of the Sainte Chapelle at Paris. It was 
founded in 1263 by Po^eUrban iv., son of a shoemakei of Troyes, - 
but has been left unlnlsEBJ,' wftBonly three bays in the nave. 

glass of the 13-14^ cent. , are notable for the delicacy and beauty 
of thelrjiassjx. " ^"^ ' ■ " 

In a large square to the right Is an 18th cent, convent occupied 
by the. FrifectuTt, Adjoining it is the Canal de la HauleSeine, 
which we cross in order to visit the CiU. Oa the other side of the 
bridge, to the right, stands the HStet-Diai (PL C, 2), a building of 
the 18th cent.. In front of which is a One ratling of the same period. 

The *Catha3ijiUtJMiPisrre (PI. D, 2), to the right in the same 

the want of unity in style, dae to the fact that \^ iionstn ictinn was 
spread over four centuries £13-16th). It has lately undergone a 
tboiougb restoration. The Dlde3l_^li^E°f?(.beaiUUuL.f art is the 
choir; th e most recgnt is the richly and cbaraFtetiatlwUy -decorated 
WTTrpntjdue to Marim'Chambige, (l6th cent.), wilh Its fine rose- 
winJow. The facade is flanked with two towers, of wEicti, however, 
that to ths N. has alone been finished; It is in tbe style of ths 
17th cent, and is242 ft. high (fine view from tbe top). The crossing 
was formerly 's'urmounted by a spire 197 ft. high. 

The iniBrio r is nuieyorlbLfBt iianlauidepropoHioiu. The beaotlful 
•Blaintd 0St^iad«ti'af thelSorr, arndrmnikortbB Irirorium alid 

tbe Hgbt, in t]>B D*t«, it > Bolycluomt Snap of Iha I fttli cent. (altribsM 
to Ocntll), repreraaHnr (bc^pUan of St. ^ngnallu bf St. AbIwoki In 
the UAj Clupel l> ■ H&doiins ud Cbild bii Sinurt. Tbe Ith dupe) In 
Ibe left Male eaDittini the celebrMed 'Wine Pieu Window', by Oonthler 
of Tro;ea. Tbe Treannr, lo Ibe right of the cboir, containi man; flne old 
enameli tnd rellqauies. 

CoDtlnaing to follow the Rue de ta Citj, wa soon reach tbe 
choTcb otSt. miier ( PI. D , 2), a Gothic boJldlng of ihj J,9lh cent., 
with a N.'Tmflann timreiiBiBsance fltyKT'Tl Ts cbio^y remarkable 
for ite Elaine d'glaBS windows of the ,16th .CM)|i)uy , wLicE were, 
however, ninch~ffSmBgpflTV £najchists ip 1901. 

Ketradng our eteps to the cathedral, we now tnm to the right 
into the Rue St. Loup, which pasges in front of the Fablio Library 
andKnaeom (PI. 1 ; J)^2), established in the old abbey of St. Loop. 

Tlie Suatum is open on San. and bolidiye, from 1 to 5 Id summer 
and from 12 to 4 in wintet, but is accessible also on other days. 
It contains scnlptatea, palnUngs, and objects of Dstorat history. 

The AncHsoLoaiuL Cullectioh (i»taloE>>a IB (0 >> amnged In the 
court, Id the open areada runniDg alcng the main hnlldlng, and in aome 
of thf rooBDBof thai building. — The Katvral Hiatort CoM-ECTioKa occopy 

caie leading lo Ibe Picture Gallery, and the entianee to tbe Sal'i iti 

The ScuLrTDSEB compriae an inlereallng colleclion oF modsia and euta, 
and a [ew original works by the native .rtlalB Simarl |l80e-67i 91 oiecea), 
eirariat (1828-1718), Faal Dubol, (b. 1829), Vallal rl83e-71), /on.«i (1B3-81), 
Alfrid Bimclur etc. Among the beil of tbeie are Noi. S&, 92, lUKMlnerva, 

rellefi from Napoleon's Tgiobl, 100, 87, iB7, and 114, by i^marti 13, by 

Bitlatd: 173 and "''" •^- "-'— ■'"■ -' ^" ■- ' " -' " •-- 

ffamiu; 2i, 2U, ai 

Old Maateri. To the right, 318. Oiaiio »^w 

Hagi, ibl. K.'tomhI (iIw.'1660), Tree at 
AaanmpIioDi 1!S, Valari, Laal Supper^ U. ' 
and Child wllh SS. lobn Ibe Bapllst and I 
of a child; 110. B. Ruben, Bomao bridgei 

ot 7fi. Ifaii> 

WatUmi, Cbartner, Adt<:ntureia, tL&da. flfteen 

' "■ ■, The ■■ ' "• ° -■ '' ■ ' 

PntflMM ArlUI, P. Mlgnard, Portraitii 73. Hint, Qlrard<.n the lonlplori 
103. P. tfiom-rd, Mma. de MonicspaD; EB. r«m Diict, Snyderg. the animal 
painlert BB. Phil, di ammpainne, louls XIII. recelvlni Henri 11 uf I.»n- 
lueFlll^ ai Knight of the Holy Gbosl; 21S. (Tilnwn ..IrKil, Flowera and 
fruiti 17. DattrdMngI, p. Wgnardi SS. Linatn, PoHrait: 162. Tmttrt tht 
Sldtrll). Boorai aereral interesliag portraiii, 

CbiDipagDeinlSlS. Tbe glaaa-cuea cootain antlqnltJti, I'ae'e, embroidery, 

lome ot wblch are anppoa'ed io be'tboae of' Theoiorle I., 'King of Ibe 
Tbriaolht ((lain al Chfiona Id 401), alao foud In Champac a (Fouan; 
184W. Moil ot tbe objeetj ha.e isaerlpMona. 

Eoomll. Modem Paint] nga. To tbe riibl^ 107. JVin^nK, Tbe tllbe; 
81.>sHt, Bull. Leeneur and Ibe Cailhuiiansi lU Bi«iB«ir», Dlieij *0. 

St. Remi. TK0YE8. 40. RouU. a97 

cajflfmril, Atlei the •lorm ; 143. X«iol, St. Blliatieth of Hungirr dttlrfbatlu 
ilnu', lis. Scliili, Rood-tcTMn of Li HudeleinB (see belon); KA. Marion, 
HsrlrrdomoCBt. Edmand ofBut An^liai 116. SehiU,V^lej ataiiAvtMita 
(Isen). — Biamourt, 18. AikIIu piintiie tlie judgmeat ot Uidu, IT. ^Bop 
ud hla mulei Xinthnsi IBO. S^on, Bulbui 19. F. Dtlmvtlvi, Jou£ 
foMod bf Joiabeth; no nnmber, Btaati, Hii.|iL<]eiiD on tbe bridge uf Aieis- 

Id a new wing to tha right o( tbe coiiit are th« lia»itJUi.Atit 

^iSPiaUfSi foiuded in 1694, and the BibUothtqtie. The STaait (open 
as the preceding) comprtaea furniture, clocka, vases, mirrors, varloaa 
objeetB, and One old tapestriee. Tbe Library is open on weeli-diiyg 
from 10 to S^alTT^n ?nn.'ftom 1 to 5 in summer and horn 12 Co 4 ii> 
winter; It is closed on Wed., on festivals, and daring the vacBtioii 
(20lh Aug.-lst Oct.). It conlaina upwards of 110,000 Tolumee and 
3700 USS. , and also some stained - glaas windons 'by Linird 
Gonthler, iltustrstlng the life of Henri IV. 

Ve retnro towards the centre ot the town by theKneUenneqnin, 
whlcli leads to tbe left beyond the mnsenm, and again cross tbe 
canal by the bridge to tbe right, in order lo reach Bt, B«ni (PI. 
C, Tj, a ebntch of the It-igHk.cent., the loft^ sptre of'wliich is seen 
'tfom'a great distance. T'Eechiet objeclsTof fnteresl In t he inte rior 
ire abronze Dgnre of Chriet^b^ Glrardon, at tl||jLj>l£h:;>ltar, and the 
very curio^pdiitlnjj^ pn wood, of the 16th cenC, in the transepts. 

FartTeTonTn the same direc'tion Is Lt, JtodeleiBe'TPl.' U". 1), a 
church in tbe Transition style of the 12ui^fent., enlarged' in the 
16th cent., which wfflT deserve a Visit for Its magn ificent 'Aooif 
Screen^ eiecuted by Giovanni Gualdo In ISOS-IV, 'loosing almoet as 
irifwete hnnOItweeii two pillars, witb ontamentatlon of extra- 
ordinary richness and delicacy. This chnrch alao'^BSlsseS aome^j^ 
slairre(P^|ISS5'wih9l)W«-Trf the 16th cent., one of which, in tfefijiaB^l 
af tlie enS'br ibe cboir, represents the cresSSnTq rft ^ world In very 
natfe"" fashion. 'TFe' may alao notice the paintings (scenes from the 
lite of Hary Magdalen) by Jean Micot, of Troyes. 

To the rigM of the naio jptrance of this church atanda a gate- 
waj^Xit'B 16th cent!, a relic ot tbe con-rent formerly connected 
witbit.'A'iittleto the 5., at a corner of the etreat, la the Hpjfjde 
Marltji, dating from th'e I6th cent.,' with a graceful turret, and fliie 
griUes at two of'tlie window^. — A little to the N. Is tbe Boulevard 
OamJfila (Pl.A, B ,C. 2), the_flij,?aift ifee town, containing'the Tbc 
atre^ the Lyeciim^ and a Circus. It ends on the W. near tbe station. 

To Uie N. uf the aUlion, Id the Bne de Paris, is the ISlli century. Chnich 
latB-GotMfS'ftim™'.— ■' ' c " " "n " 

From Tioyea to (43 H.) ami, lee p. 3a3i to Bljai, tI& Chtllllon-aur. 
Seine, aee p. M. 

Fboh TioiEB TO OiiALOHi-suB-M.aKt, m U... railvriT i" ^li hn. (fsTei 
10 fi. 6fi, T fr. 10, 1 fr. €a c). — Thli line, a canlioualloii of that from 
Sani, diverge! ttom the line to Farli at (I'/i K-) Tmrni-Pr^tt. Both 
a U.) Ptnl-au-ifarU &iid (B K.) Oriiuy baie Rut chircliea uf the IStfa 
century. — W/tH. Atoti-iur-Aubc (ABJTtf,' Hflel da UuUl : miaPatlt), a 

I BouUdO. BAR-SDE-AUBE. From Ttoyei 

Did town DD the Aube, with 2771 Inhib., U lh> nH(i°a plHe of Dkntom 

ieflneiy-iiluBl64CTHlUoti, ibuildlngotthelS . _ . . 

uf Om projectile*. The Cftun*, JkUiib ftum Ihg IBth c*nl,, hu k fine portal. 
In front of iil> tbroniE atuae otDaaioH, b; Loagepied. Ardt li BituitlBd 
Id the esnlre of the Ciampagnt PoaUlnitt, vhlch wu fonoerl; a (otkllj 

Ul K. annmtniu <p. !M].' At (Wit K,] Ooolsi we join tbe Slnuiban line, 
(u lbs K. of ChalOD). — OS H, ChdloMt-na-ieanH, gee p. 133. 

Fboh Tboiib to Tool (JTancr), vli Brieane, MODlier-enHDer, ud 
Pagnt^ur-Msuie, 116 M., ruflwiy In T'/,-8i/i hta. (fiie. 20 (r. 35, li fr. 5, 
8 fV. 6 c). Tbla 4lne dlTergei to the leh from the Belfort line, croigei (he 
Wh and Uw fiar«, end berood (18 K.) niH» euterg the buin of the Aabe, 
wbkb it Btoue* beyond (221/: M.) Jfalhaia. — S6 M. 2ri<niH-I<-C3>di«]iu, aee 
p. 111. — BO>/i H. Fataafj^r (p. 141). — lOi/i X. Mimtia-en-Dcr ip. SODli 
brueb to Bl. IHiiec (p. BJ6J. — Thence we proceed tU (.''O M.) ITaiiv (p. au&) 

ftitkr-plec*. To the rigbi gireichea tbe An-ui of 01**, — SO H. AsxM, on 
the glM of a BomBD ia"n (perbapi Blsngm). -~ 3fi M. ai. Ftvrmlin (p. SOSK 

n. From Troyat to Belfort. 

17! H. RiiLWAT In l</i-8i/< bra. (farei so fr. 90, 90 fi. 8fi, IS fr. 60 c). 

Beyond Ttoyea the line to Belfort crossea tbe Seine and quits 
Its vallBj. I08'/j M. (from Paris) BDUiHv-Sl-Loup. At (117 M.J 
Montifromey are the remains of a Beneiiictine abbey and a charcb 
with 16lh cent, windows. We crosi a Urge viadact over the Barse. 
1231/2 M. VenitttBTt (Bot. Andi^), to the right, a country town 
ooDtaining a chittean of the 12th, 16th, and ITth cent., and a 
ehnrch of the Renaissance period with a handsome portal and soma 
ttiteiesting works of art. 

At (ISOVi M.) Jtsiaim we enter the valley of the Aubc Fine 
Tiew from tbe station. — Railway to Vitry, see p. 141. 

The line now ascends the plctoresque lalley of tbe Anbe, cross- 
ing the river several timea. 134 M. Anonval^Jaueoutt. 

137 M. Bw-«ar-Anbe (mt du Commtrce ; St. Andrf; Si. Nicolai), 
an old town with 4690 Snbab., containing a ehnrch (SI. Pitm) of 
tbe 12-13th cent., another (ISi. Maclou) of the 12-14th cent., and a 
bridge with a chapel of the 15tb century. On Feb. 2Ttb, IBU, tlie 
Allies nnder Schwartzenberg defeated the French here. 

The stretch between (142 M.) Baytl and (1441/2 M.) Claitvaux 
is one of the prettiest parts of tbe valley. The latter village, where 
St. Bernard foanded tbe celebrated Ahbttj of Clura VaUit In 1H6, 
lies IV4M. to the right of the station. The monastery (now a prison) 
no longer presents any Interesting features. 

to BafoH. CHADKONT. 40. SouU. S5»y 

The tixin now leavee the vtR«j of the Aaba. 149 M. Maran* . 
viUe. .At[l&5H0Brican tb«llneU)Chitmon-sui-S«iae andNnlts- 
souB-Kavifttes divotges to the right (eee below). Beyond (i5y '/i M.) 
ViUien-U-8tc the lines toBUsme tad Maufchateau (p. SOS) diverge 
to the left. Our line then crosses the valley of the Suite hy the 
imposing 'Oiaumont Viaduct which is TOO yds. long and risOE in 
three tiers of arches to a height of 170 ft. Fine view to the left. 

163 H. Chanmont f Buffet; Orand HSiet dc France; de VEcxi; 
dfi Centre; dc la Qarej, formerly the capital of Baisigny and now of 
the department of the Baule-Marae. is a town of 14,622 inhah., 
sitnaifld on a bsiren hill ('CalTos Moris') between the Sniie and the 
Maine. The Allied SoTereigns conclnded s treaty here in 1814, the 
object of which was to reduce France to the limits of 1789. 

In front cf the station, in the Plai:e Philippe- Labon , Is the 
Jfonument aux EnfanU de io Hautc-Mame who feU in 1870-71, by 
Tony Nofl and A, Dupny (1898). Farther back, in a small square, 
is a bronze statue, by F«chinet, of I^ilippe Lebon (1767-1804), the 
pioneer of gas-lighting In France and a natise of Chanmont, srected 
In 1887. 

The Church of St. Jean, to the left, farther on, dates from the 
13th, 16th, and ISth centanes. The S. portal, with its besutimi 
double porch, is a fine example of Flamboyant Gothic ; the severe 
W. portal Is in the Renaissance style. 

The choir and Irtnaept are snrroDDded by ahandFome trifDrlnni, with 
trllobale anhei Blled wiOi Flamboynal trtcerf. The trirorium In ihe 

and tadioe on Uia left ja a >taln:atc-tanet', Ihe orDBOKnlition a( the 
whole h very rigb and varied. The tranjept )iaa a Que vaulted roof, and 
the choir la endoaed hj a handaoma iron grille. Id the rifbt Iraniept Is 

ol the chapel to tbe left. A chapel in the H. aiale |cloged) eoDtains a curluus 
Holy Setolclite, dalii^ from 1^. The pulpit, the glalls, and the altar in 
(he lady-chapel are ihe viuck rjf Bouchardon, father uf the well-known 

The large Tour HautefcuiUe, of the 11th cent., a little to the W. 
of St. Jean's, Is a relic of a caetle of the Counts of Champagne. 

The Rae St. Jean, to the left as we leave the church, ends near 
the modern HSlet dc VilU. — In the Bue de Brmeteuilles, lo the 
right, is the Lycfe, a large building erected hy the Jesnitg. To the 
right is a fountain with a bnet of Bouchardon, the sculptor (1696- 
176^). — Farther on, to the left, are the Lilrary and the Mutie 
(Tues,, Thnrs., ft Sun., 1-4), containing paintings, etc. 

Froa Gbaunont to Bhimi (Calais, AmIeDS, Laop, Bbelma, CLUoai), 
■M pp. BOfi-SOe. 

A biBDBh-line mni from Chaumont to (^ M.) CAddllMWiir-SiAK (p. 361), 
where it nnitu with thoaa from Trgyw anil Nult«-«on«-ttaTi*r*«. It di- 
verges from the Paiii line at CH/t H.) BHcm (tee above). 

The train now iBcends the valley of the Marnt, and beyond 
(170 H.) Foulain paesee through two tunnels. 'V\'^' 

184 M. Langret-Marne (haflet). This station lies 1 M. to the 

' K. of the town, with wMch It is connected by a raok-iud-pinioD 
railway (Embb 60, 36 c. ; down 36, 20 o.). Cabs and omnibMBa wait 
at the town tBimlnua of the latter. 

There It another iu.tlon, Langm-rille, 'l,M. tgUuS., onlhePoinion 

LooKtei (^HStd de [■ Europe, Rue Dldsrot, B. troin 1"/j, B. 3/4, 
d«J. OT [). 3, omn. '/^ U.;dcla Po*U, Place Zieglei; du Faban, Rua 
Diderot), a (own with 9921 inhab., a fortreas of the first daia, and 
the seat of a bishop, il sitaated on a plataaa rising at Ita N. «Dd to s 
heightof 15&0ft. 

Langree wb> tbe xatievl iadimatmrnim, tbe eiqiital of the MifMa, and 
beeame aul^eot to the EDmans after Itw defeat of Ibe celebrated chief 
BabEnDi Id T1 A.D. AfleiwardB it wai aereral tlm(a devaalated by bai^ 
barieo hordei, and itt rile kia been alow and It) hiaittrical nnportuiee In- 
caniidenble. Ft waa oecopledbTllie Aoslrlansin 18 I-IA. iirtf(rD(,ilu Ency- 
clDIJWdlat (1713^), wai born at Laogrfs. The Iowd is tamed for tu cutlery. 

The Kue de la Oremailli're, oppoaile the upper teroiinus of the 
rack-and-pinion rdlwa;, and then the eeeond turning on the left, lead 
to the — 

*Cathbdbai. of St. Mimm^, a handsome edifice in tbe Transit 
tional style of the 12th cent., in which the pointed and the circular 
arch are used Sn happy combination. The W. portal, however, with 
its towers, was lebuitt in the 18lh century. 

;northy objeer- ■ *- ■ ■ ■ ■■ ■ 


ia ehdractcriseil by ^rcit aymmetry 01 propurll^n. 

of the ehoh;, -liOi rheir bBanafal d.pSlali-, the 

of SI. Hariln (see p. 901) at Iba hlgh-allar; the 
with Hi marble stB'nee "t the Virshi, 8t. John, 

Calvary, in the 8. Iran 

fljure of the Virgin of the Uth cent., known at 

, N,-lre Dame-la Blaneh. 

., VfTjlQ by J. Lesjgr. 

Langrea (lS43)i the handsome mnnumentof Hi 

'r. Cn.'rin (lT9S-18TTi al 

Htriyrdom rif St. Kammis) In the Irinaepl chajiell; and Ihe smull mona- 
menti with baf-reliers ia the chcrii^ ambulatory. To Ihe right, In tbe thoir, 
la the eUbor-iely decorated door of the Chapter Honge, wl Ich containa 
■evera] pilnilnga and enclDsea a fragment of the 13tb cent, c)oitten, AbOTe 
the dour ie a bust of Cardinal de la Lu-ecue (1738-lim). Al the end of ibe 
H. alale la a Renaisiaece chapel with •. coSend ceilii.g. 

OroBsiug the Place in which the cathedral stands and turning to 
. the right (Hub St. Dldier], we reach the Muiti, in the old church of 
St. Didier. It is open to the public from 2-4 on Sun. in summer, 
hot on other days on application, 
uumerous Oallo-Buman auiuea, bu-re1Icfi, altara, iDarripliona, and 

Did apge uf the church, round [he tomb uf Bt. Didier, ffho Wat bilhap of 
Idnirea in the third century. — The Fiasi Fluue contains a collectioa of 
natural history, Including specimens of the fauna of middle and lowu 
Kgypt, and a amall ethnoEraphlcal collection. — The B 
conlsina a small picture -gallery, with speclmtas ol Csrol 
(72, T3), l^al•Ilv«(7S)./^HfeBtllr; (98, a miniature!, I^Ml (12i-iwi, "i»wi 
(130 bis. 131), A. CarraH (12), and others. The glass caaea contain Bgyptian, 
Celtic, Koman, and aallD-Koman ntlqulUei, and numerous medteTsl and 
Beaalisance objects are also Bihiblted here. 

Beyond tbe muBeam we pass a handsome RtnaUianct Boiat and 

to BtlfoTt. BOURBONME-LES-BAINS. 40. Rovle. 301 

leacb the ram partB (fine vieir}, whence we ■•«, to the right, the OaUO' 
Homan Arch. This gstcw&y, now built up , condste of two ercheE, 
and ie ornauiented with flre Corinthian plUsteis. — We nett retrace 
oat steps to the cathedral, and follow the Rue do Nevers. Tho small 
sqoare here conlainB aSlofueo/JWderol (p. 300),by Bartholdi, The 
stioet is CDDlinaed by tbe Kue Diderot; on the loft ii the CoUige, 
built by the Jesuits In 1746. Farther to the S. stands St. Marlm'i, 
a low double-aisled rhnrch, dominated by a lofty tower, and dating 
from the 13tb, 16th, snd 18th centuries. 

The lateiiot lui been cecentlT mtoTed. It eont^Dg a Ads (VmsUrfon 
tuTed Is nood (behind Uu bjgli-altar), Utribnted to QentU (16tti oent.), 
a BlUue of t8(. Louis Oaniaga, aud Ihe model tur a mODUment to Abp. 
HoTlot, bnlb by Leaccrnel. 

The Rue Dldetot ends at the handsome PorU det Moulins, a 
17th cent, gateway, and at the Fromenade de Blaacke-Fontawt, 
planted with fine trees. The Citadel is on the other side, to the left. 

FauK LAnaEES TO the Voesia BiTua. The qnlcfeeil mats fromPBrig 
to Martieny-la-Baint, CMtrexieOi, and VHUl (h» pp. SI4, 313) rang ila 
Troies and LST'erest 2°0 U. in 6-iaiin., (areg 41 fr. DG,, ISfr. 36c.| 
tram LaDgr», 4G'/i M. In 1V.-3 hrg., fares 8 fr. 20, B fr. BO, 3 fr. 60 c. From 
Lase'Sg a Una rung K R. to (11 X.) Aitdm>i, on Ihs Smacj >nd Dijon rallnaT 
.(P.S2). 1bea« to (331^11.) ifirrev and r<Ucl, gee p. 312 asd S. 42b. — 
From Langree to Bourietmi iti-Baim (gee btlow ; 3Bi,'i M. tn lVi-3 brs.) vU 
Yitrtg, comp, below, — To Buiru-lti'/laim (p. Mi; AT U. in 3-4Vt brs., 
12fr. ^, 8fr. %,5rr. 30c.)l '.iixt^Up. 318, Sill. iu^Vr^/ibrg., 12fr. 40, 
8fr. 30, 5rF. 40e.)| mA Phmiiira (p. Sl'iieB M. in 3>/i-4>/i bra., 11 fr. 9B, 
8 fr., 6 fr. 90 e.). From Langrej id («B/j M.) F>rl->rAlelirr gee below, 
Ibenca to IM H.) Atlnilkri and Balng-leg-Baiiia, ee« p. Sit. From AilevilleH 
to Plombliret and Luenil, gee B. 43. 

From Langrel another branch-line rung to Oil H) Foimim-Bvtaum 
(p. 86S), comp. p. 300. 

' Beyond Lanj^es our line crosses Che Marne, which rises about 
3 M, to the 3.E., and then peases, through a tnnnel nearly 1 M. 
long, from the basin of the Marne to that of the SaSne. — 191 M. 
Chalindre; or Culrnmt-Chalindriy f*Bu/ftt-B8lelJ. The village of 
Chalindrey lies 1 M. to the S.S.W. Farther on Is Le Failly, with a 
fine Renaissance ohStean. For the line from Nancy to Dijon (Gon- 
trei^ville, Tlttel), BeeK.42. A