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Full text of "Northern Maine, its points of interest and its representative business men, embracing Houlton, Presque Isle, Caribou, Ft. Fairfield, Danforth, Lincoln, Mattawamkeag, Winn and Kingman"

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Representative Business Men, 



OCT 21 1891 J 
By Geo. F. BAcoNSS^^^l^i^^ 

NEWARK, N. J.: . 









^T^E> IT .^ 

llie wil 

THE history of Houlton is similar to and yet widely 
differing from that of other Maine towns founded 
before the advent of steam transportation and located in 
a pathless wilderness, — similar insomuch as the early settlers had a 
virgin forest to subdue, had but narrow means and often had to 
work very hard on very limited rations ; and different insomuch as 
Houlton was not merely on the frontier, but was in the heart of 
derness more than one hundred miles from any incorporated town 
the jurisdiction of the United States, and totally cut oflf from all 
communication with other towns in the Union, save by a canoe and foot 
Journey along rapid streams and through primeval forests ; or by boat from Woodstock, N. B., twelve 
miles distant through the woods, with no road worthy of the name for years after the work of settle- 
ment was begun. 

Houlton has been a typical New England community from its inception up to the present time; 
and this '\i none the less true because a large portion of the townspeople, past and present, has been 
and is made up of emigrants from the provinces. Indeed the very birth of the town wJis due to the 
New England appreciation of the importance of education; the fulfilling of the conditions of the grant 
under circunntances which seemed to render such fulfillment practically imposeible was due to the 
■Bame trait; and the ability with which the townspeople have taken advantage of every legitimate 
■means to further their fortunes, and incidentally those of the community as a whole, is also character- 
istic of New England or " Y.inkee" methods, and has made Houlton by far the most prosperous and 
important town in this section of the State. 


Owing to imperfect knowledge of the country, the lack of suitable sutveying instruments and the- 
inaccuracy of existing maps, all the early grants of land in Maine, and indeed in all New England 
away from the coast, were very apt to prove uncertain and contradictory as regards their boundaries, 
so that the pioneers had to take many chances regarding the legality of their holdings and the area of 
the tract held by each settler. But the grant of the land now occupied by Houlton was exceptionally 
uncertain, for at the time it was made the location of the boundary between the United States anci 
New Brunswick was in dispute, and as the site of Houlton was in the disputed territory, the original 
settlers did not know under which government they would eventually be, and not only that but they 
had every reason to believe that, should the claims of Great Britain be sustained, they would be 
trespassers, or at least squatters, from a legal point of view, and would thus lose all they had paid fur 
their land, not to mention the cost of improvements. But "nothing venture, nothing win," and there 
were then as now men who rather relished the element of danger arising from possible future 

Not that the original proprietors and settlers of the tract were mere adventurers, or speculators^ 
who had merely the furtherance of their own selfish interests in view; on the contrary they were 
almost without exception devoted to the interests of New Salem Academy, for the maintenance of 
which the land was granted, and they bought the land because the continuance of the existence of 
the academy was dependent upon the purchase money, and not because they considered it a profitable 
speculation. As the history of Houlton is so directly connected with that of New Salem Academy a 
few words concerning the origin and development of the latter will not be amiss. 

"In 1724 a petition was presented to the legislature of Massachusetts commencing as follows: 

"'Whereas, Salam is a most ancient town of Massachusetts Province, and very much straitened 
for land, the petitioners pray for a grant in the western part of the province.' — 

"The petition was allowed on condition that one lot be' reserved for the first settled minister, one 
for the ministry, and one for a school. Each grantee was required to give a bond of twenty-five- 
pounds to be on the spot, have a house of seven-feet stud and eighteen feet square at least, seven 
acres of English hay ready to be mowed, and help to build a meeting house and settle a minister 
within five years. A grandson of Joseph Houlton, of the same name, led the company that emigrated 
to the assigned location. -. ..^ 

"The first result was the town of New Salem in Franklin County, incorporattd in. 1753, named in^ 
honor of the old town from which their leading founder had come. But the people were not satisfied 
with having merely a school. They must have an academy. They went to work with a will and an 
academy was established and incorporated in 1795. 

"This was the second result. The academy did not flourish to an extent to suit their views and 
they beset the legislature to grant them a township of land in the woods of Maine, to enable them to- 
endow it. They carried their point, and in 1799 obtained the grant. The effort had been great and 
great was the rejoicing at its succefsful issue. But, as bad luck would have it, just at that time land 
could not be sold at any price. The grant became worthless, and deep and bitter was the disappoint- 
ment of the people of New Salem. The doom of the academy seemed to be settled and its days 
numbered and finished. 

" But there were men in New Salem who were determined that the academy should be saved. 
They met in consultation, and, under the lead of still another Joseph Houlton of the same descent, 
fixed their purpose. They sold or mortgaged their farms, which more than half a century of labor 
had rendered productive, and which every association and sentiment rendered dear to them. With 
the money llius raised they bought the granted tract, paying a good price for it. 'J'he preservation 
and endowment of the academy were thus secured, but all benefit from them to themselves or their 
descendants was wholly relinquished. It was the only way in which the aead^my could be saved. 
Some must make the sacrifice and they made it. They packed up bag and baggage, sold off all they 
could not carry, gathered their families together, bid farewell to the scenes of their birth and child- 
hood, the homes of their life and the fruit of their labor, and started in wagons and carts on their 
journey to Boston. 


"Their location was hundreds of miles distant, far down in the eastern wilderness, and inaccess- 
ible from the extremes of settlement at that time on the Penobscot. As the only alternative they 
embarked in a coasting vessel, went down the Bay of Fundy to St. John, N. B., took a river sloop up 
to FVedricton — a hundred miles, — got up the river as they could, in barges or canoes, sixty miles 
further to Woodstock, and turning to the left, struck into the forest until they reached their 

Bird's Eye View of Houlton in 1891. 

" The third result of this emigration, in successive generations and stages, from Salem farms is to 
1)6 seen to-day in a flourishing village, interspersed and surrounded with well cultivated fields, the 
«hire town of the county of Aroostook, in the State of Maine, which bears the name of the leader of 
this disinterested, self-sacrificing and noble company. Three times was it the lot of this one family 
to encounter and conquer tlie difficulties, endure and triumph over the privations and carry through 
the herculean labors of subduing a rugged wilderness and bringing it to the domain of civilization, — 
at Salem Village, New Salem and Houlton. It would be difficult to find in all our history a story that 
more strikingly than this illustrates the elements of the glory and strength of New England zeal for 
education, — enterprise invigorated by difliculties and powers equal to ail emergencies." 

The original grant made by the Massachusetts Legislature, June 23, 1V99, defined merely the 
area and not the location of the granted territory, as the following extract will show: 

" Resolved, that, in pursuance of a report of a joint committee, which has been accepted by 
both houses of the Legislature, there be and is hereby granted to the Trustees of the Academy of 
New Salem, in the county of Hampshire, and their successors forever, one half of a township of land 
■of six miles square, for and to the use of said Academy, to be laid out and assigned by the committee 
for the sale of eastern lands in some of the unappropriated lands in the district of Maine belonging to 
'this Commonwealth, excepting all lands within six miles of the Penobscot river." 


Nearly six years elapsed before the location of the grant was established by the act of John Bea^ 
and Peleg Coffin, who, as duly authorized agents of the Commonwealth, " did convey and confirnk 
unto the trustees of New Salem Academy and their successors, to be by them holden, in their corpor- 
ate capacity, for the use of said Academy, half a township of land lying in county of Washington,, 
containing 11,520 acres, equal to half a township of the contents of six miles square, as the same was- 
surveyed by Park Holland, Esquire, in the year 1801, bounded as follows, viz : beginning at the 
northeast corner of Groton Academy lands, and running from thence north three miles to a stake 
and stones." 

The township as defined above was conveyed to the academy trustees February 21, 1805, and June- 
1, 1810, a committee appointed by the trustees conveyed all the rights in and title to the premises "for 
a valuable consideration paid said trustees, to Aaron Putnam, one-eighth part thereof; to Varney 
Pierce, one-eighth part thereof; to Joseph Houlton, one-fifth part thereof; to John Putnam, one-tenth 
part thereof; to Joshua Putnam, one-tenth part thereof; to Rufus Cowles, one-tenth part thereof; to- 
John Chamberlain, one-tenth part thereof ; to William Bowman, one-twentieth part thereof; to- 
Consider Hastings, one-twentieth part thereof; and to Thomas Powers, one-twentieth part thereof.'" 
These ten grantees were described as regards residence and occupation as follows: 

Aaron Putnam, on the premises, Yeoman. 

Varney Pierce, of New Salem, Esquire. 

Joseph Houlton, on the premises. Esquire. 

John Putnam, of New Salem, Gentleman. 

Jushua Putnam, of New Salem, Yeoman. 

Rufus Cowles, of Amherst, Physician. 

John Chamberlain, of New Salem, Yeoman. 

William Bowman, of Hadley, Yeoman. 

Consider Hastings, of New Salem, Gentleman. 

Thomas Powers, of Greenwich, Esquire. 
It will be seen from the above that but two of the proprietors, Aaron Putnam and Joseph. 
Houlton, were settlers at the time the deed was drawn up, and with the exception of Joshua Putnam,, 
who took up his residence at Houlton shortly afterward, none of the remaining proprietors became 

One of the conditions of the grant was that at least six families should be settled upon the lands 
within five years, and it was this condition that very nearly brought about a forfeiture of the 
property, for it was placed on the market at a most unpropitious time, as the opening of the present 
century found business in a very dull condition, the people impoverished by the Revolution, our 
relations with France so strained as to make war seem almost inevitable, while our relations with 
England were almost equally unfavorable and finally culminated in the war of 1812. Add to these 
deterring circumstances the fact that the tide of immigration had already fet westward, and it will be 
seen that the chances of finding men of properly to buy and settle a tract in the remote eastern wild- 
erness were so small as to be hardly worthy of consideration from a commercial point of view, and 
indeed had there been no other incentive than that of possible pecuniary profit the grant wonI(J 
unquestionably have been allowed to lapse. But the purchasers were friends of the academy who 
bought the property with the idea of finding settlers and thus consummating the grant; they paying 
no money to the trustees when the purchase was made but waiting until they could dispose of their 
shares to actual settlers. But no such disposition could be made, no moneyed settlers could be found, 
and with the passage of time it became evident that decisive action must at once be taken, and the 
question of the continuance of the academy settled for good and all, for its affairs had reached a stage 
where financial aid was absolutely indispensable. It is impossible to point out with any degree of 
certainty the person or persons to whom the saving of the grant is due, or rather who found the key 
to the deadlock upon all progress in the matter which had so jeopardized the Academy. Somii- 
historical students give the credit to Joseph Houlton, others to Mrs. Lydia Trask Putnam, mother of 
one of the purchasers and very prominently identified with Houlton's settlement and develo])ment,. 
while still others believe that the course of action finally adopted was not due to suggestions received, 


from any one person but was the outcome of the assembled wisdom of the proprietors. At all events, 
it is certain that the grantees mentioned in the deed made up the sum of 85,000, by sale'of their 
farms and by other means, and paid it over to the academy, and that just before the five years 
expired the required number of families settled upon the grant. From this time the work of settltment 

Main Street, looking West in 1891. 

went steadily on, althougli slowly. Joseph Iloulton built a rough grist-mill in 1808, for the 
accommodation of all who chose to use it, and few there were who did not, for otherwise they must 
use hand mills or travel to far-off Fredericton. September 5tli, 1809, is memorable as the date of the 
first petition for the incorporation of Houlton as a town, but the prayer was unavailing, as was also a 
similar one made eight years later. The settlement was organized as a plantation April 21, 1826, and 
in 1831 Houlton was duly incorporated as a town, the first town meeting being held April 1 1th of 
that year. 

Several years before, the general government had made Houlton a military post and it is hardly 
possible to overestimate the good effect this action had upon the community, for not only did it make 
life and property more secure, but caused a great deal of money to be paid out for supplies and for 
wages; the outlay amounting to several thousand dollars a month for a long time, and being dis- 
tributed almost entirely among residents of Houlton. The reason for the establishment of a military 
post here was the exposed situation of the town and the uncertainty as to the boundary line between 
this country and the British possessions. There was a garrison at Fredericton and desertions from it 
were frequent, as the service was hard, the pay miserable, and many of the soldiers had been 
impressed or at least enlisted when drunk and hence felt no scruples about deserting at the first 
opportuniiy. It was by no means uncommon for American citizens to be enticed to Woodstock and 
to be made intoxicated, after which they were offered a glass of liquor " in the king's name " and a 
piece of money, " the king's shilling," slipped into their hand. From an English point of view 
this was a legal enlistment, and the luckless drunkard would awake to find himself in the guard house 
and " bound to serve his majesty." Of course the residents of Houlton suffered from such practices, and 
were no lovers of the government that sanctioned them, but they could do nothing, even when corporal's 
guards seeking deserters visited the town, which of course they had no legal right to do. But 



NiCKERSON Lake, Near IIoulton. 

although offering no active resistance, the townspeople still resisted most effectively in their own way, 
for it was quite common for deserters to throw themselves upon the protection of the Houlton settlers, 
and such deserters were never given up but were secreted until an opportunity arrived to smuggle 
them out of town to Bangor or some other town so far from the frontier that recapture was 

The ending of this condition of affairs was brought about by a Quaker, Jonah Dunn, who came 

to Houlton in 1826. He at once per- 
ceived the abuse of power by the Eng- 
lish soldiery, and in the most approved 
American fashion began to work up 
public sentiment throughout the coun- 
try by writing to the newspapers. He 
caused a petition to be drawn u]! in 
lb27, and presented to Congress the fol- 
lowing winter, and the necessary act 
was passed and appropriation made to 
enable the stars and stripes to wave 
over Houlton, backed by a foice that 
would ensure their being respected, 
and secure to every citizen that "life, 
liberty and the pursuit of happiness" 
that the Declaration of Independence 
says is his due. 

The precise date of the arrival of the Federal soldiers at Houlton is uncertain, but the records 
show several sales of land by Joseph Houlton to the United States in 18'2S, and the national forces 
arrived about the middle of that year. Company C, Second U. S. Infantry, under command of Lieut. 
J. S. Gallagher reaching town some time in June. It is unnecessary to say that the soldiers received 
a hearty welcome for they were hailed by the townspeople as their deliverers from the long series of 
petty persecutions and insults they had received from the English, and such indeed they were, for 
with their coming ended all visits of hostile "corporal's guards," as John Bull had learned to have a 
wholesome respect for the stars and stripes when backed by anything approaching an adequate force, 
and the simple fact that Houlton had become a military post so sharpened the perceptions of the 
Fredericton garrison that they never had difficulty afterward in remembering that the town was out- 
side their jurisdiction. 

Company C had left Bangor in connection with three other companies of the same legiment but 
arrived at Houlton alone as the other companies were ordered to accompany the military stores which 
were being transported to Houlton by contractors. The task of transporting the stores proved far more 
difficult than had been anticipated for no roads existed where there were supposed to be some, and 
the work of making roads passable for heavy military stores proved much more serious than the gov- 
ernment had been led to believe. There was said to be a road from the East Branch of the Mattawam- 
keag River, and the chief reason for the assignment of the three com|iaiiies before referred to was to 
employ them in the repairing of that road ; but the event proved that the work was that of building, 
not repairing, and the arrival of the stores was thereby greatly delayed. Major N. S. Clarke, the 
commanding officer of the four companies, reached Houlton in August, 1828, and took command there 
in place of Lieutenant Gallagher, who was ordered to Bangor and connected with the depot and 
recruiting station there. 

By letters written by Major Clarke it appears that the question of stores and supplies for the use 
of the detachment during the rapidly approaching winter was the most important one that engaged 
his attention, and he suggested to the authorities at Washington that a change be made in the mode 
of delivery, an extract from a letter to the Commissary General of Substinenct-, dated August 25, 
1828, reading as follows : 


" The idea has suggested itself that the residue of the annual supply of substinence stores now on 
its way to Bangor from New York, intended for this command, might be delivered at once at the post 
by contract, if the contractors should ship them immediately at Bangor to St. John, in the Province 
of New Brunswick, provided the Revenue Laws of that Province did not interpose too great obstacles. 

Market Square, Western View, in 1891. 

I very much fear, so dilatory and inefficient have been the arrangements of the contractors for trans- 
portation upon the Mattawamkeag, that a partial failure in the delivery of the stores, already on the 
way to Houlton, may take place. Besides they have been so badly handled, and so much exposed to 
the unusual rains of the present season that I also fear that much of the flour will be found to be 
damaged. Under these circumstances, in order to meet any unfortunate contingency, I respectfully 
suggest to you the propriety of furnishing Lt. Smith with authority and funds to make purchases in 
case of need." 

While the three other companies were kept hard at work all through the summer of 182S road- 
building. Company C, which "held the fort" at Houlton, was by no means idle but was actively em- 
ployed building barracks and preparing the grounds for the military post. Many citizens were also 
employed in this work, the monthly pay roll for such help ranging from $1,500 to $1,800, but with all 
this force the task was by no means easy of accomplishment, especially the prepiration of the parade 
ground which called for a great deal of blasting as portions of a great ledge had to be removed. In 
fact, so much was there to do that the barracks were not sufficiently advanced in building to receive 
all the soldiers, and a portion of the command therefore passed the winter under canvas, while the 
officers remained at Mr. Houlton's house. The companies which had been employed at road-building 
reached Houlton September 29, 1828, and even then all the stores had not arrived, some of the supplies 
and nearly ail the clothing being literally stranded on the way, for they had to be temporarily aban- 
doned owing to lack of water. But enough had been done to ensure the occupancy of the post during 
the coming winter at least ; there was no doubt that the soldiers had " come to stay," and with their 
•coming ended all trouble from deserters and their pursuers, while money was plenly, work was abun- 
dant, and in short the settlement was fairly entered upon an unprecedented era of prosperity. During 
the winter of 1828-29 the work of road-making was continued, one force cutting out a way through 
the forest towards Mars Hill and another improving the road to Bangor, but experience made it clear 
that the conditions were such as to render it imadvisable to attempt tiie construction of a permanent 



turnpike road by soldier labor, and the fine military road which was eventually built from the north. 
of the Mattawamkeag straight through to the barracks was constructed under contract by civiliana 
It was practically finished by the winter of 1832 and was regarded as a model of perfection, as indeeii 
it was in comparison with other Maine roads at that time. In 1836 the soldiers began building a roacV 
from the barracks toward the Province, aided by civilians with teams, and the work was very well 
done. Every spring the military roads were scientifically repaired and while controlled by the Federal 

The New Grammar School. 

authorities they improved from year to year, but after being surrendered to the local authorities tliey 
were neglected, especially after the building of the railways. The result of this short-sighted policy- 
is evident in the very inferior condition of the roads at present, but of late years there has been » 
growing tendency to improve our New England country roads and it is probable that the originat- 
efficiency of some of these military roads will be restored before a great while. 

The detachment of the Second Infantry remained at Iloulton \intil the latter part of 1838, when it 
was relieved by several companies of the First Artillery under command of Major R. M. Kirby, who 
arrived here just in time to become quite a prominent figure in the so-called " Aroostook war " which- 
commenced early in 1839. This " war" was brought about by the uncertainty as to the boundary be- 
tween Maine and the Province of New Brunswick and the hot-headedness of private citizens on botb 
sides of the border ; they not being content to await the action of their respective governments but 
taking the law into their own hands and seizing parties whom they detected cutting wood on the- 
wrong side of the line as the self-constituted judges understood it. Large forces of militia were en- 
rolled in Maine and also in New Brunswick, and at one time the Commander at Houlton was callecJ' 
upon for aid, but he refused to afford it and his refusal was thoroughly endorsed by his superior of- 
ficers. As both the Federal and the English governments were desirous of a peaceful solution of the- 
question of boundary they discouraged all violence, and after some eight weeks of fervid excitement 
the " war" ended as informally as it had begun and the boundary question was answered for good anci 
all. Its settlement was in one sense a very unfortunate thing for Houlton for it ended the necessity 
of maintaining a military post there and the withdrawal of the soldiers was a serious blow to the town.. 



The post was evacuated in 1845 and hard times followed, for even a much larger town would have 
suffered from the sudden withdrawal of so great a proportion of its population. Valuation of all 
property sunk very low and great inconvenience was experienced before the community adapted itself 
to the changed conditioDS, but still the settlement slowly increased and with the progress of time quite 
a measure of prosperity was enjoyed, but the busy, rich and handsome Houlton of to-day is the result 
of the railway facilities enjoyed and it was not until these were provided that the great possibilities of 

RiCKKK Classical Institute. 

the town were made manifest. Houlton was first reached by a railway in 1870, but had previously 
profited from the building of an iron road, for the New Brunswick and Canada railroad had been com- 
pleted from St. Andrews to the Woodstock road, five miles from Houlton, in 1862, and the military 
road furnished connection with the latter town, a large traffic being carried on over it. The European 
and North American railway was begun in 1868 and completed to Vanceboro in November, 1871, con- 
nection for Houlton and Woodstock being made six miles east of Vanceboro at McAdam junction. Of 
course the opening of direct railway communication from Bangor to Houlton and the Provinces was a 
grand good thing for Houlton's business interests, and although the railway companies have in some 
instances failed owing to lack of capital, etc., affairs in Houlton have fairly " boomed " from the first. 
Of course the town is interested in having the facilities as perfect as possible, and these have been 
wonderfully improved of late years, combinations having been effected which guarantee frequent, 
reliable and generally satisfactory service. Houlton is now but four hours from tide water open 
throughout the year; but fourteen hours from Boston and seventeen hours from Montreal; and direct 
daily communication is furnished with that city and the west, besides several daily trains to all points 
in New England and the Southern and Middle States. 

" The smartest village in the smartest town, in the smartest county, in the biggest of the New 
England States," is the way in which an enthusiastic "drummer" describes the village of Houlton as 
it exists at the present time, and notwithstanding the free use of superlatives there is more truth than 
poetry in the description, as will be made evident by analysis, for there is no doubt that Houlton 


village is the smartest in the township ; there is no doubt that Houlton town is the most prosperous 
and important town in the county ; there is no doubt that Aroostook county has prospered more and 
made greater gains during the past decade than any other county in the State and there is no doubt 
that Maine is the biggest and one of the most enterprising of the New England States. Houlton is 
most emphatically the metropolis of the frontier and is likely to ever remain so, at all events as long as 
its advantages of location are supplemented so effectively as they now are by the enterprise and relia- 
bility of the local business men. The town is at once a depot and a distributing centre, for supplies 
are received here from all points for distribution among the residents of the section, and it is from here 
that the great bulk of the superior produce raised on the exceptionally fertile lands in Houlton and 
adjacent towns is shipped to the many near and distant points where it is known and valued. The 
numerous, large frost-proof potato houses clustered about the railway station afford a hint concerning 
the importance of the trade in this standard vegetable, and indicate by their great capacity that the 
claim that the potatoes raised in this section are the best and most popular in the country is fully jus- 
tified by the facts. Houlton is located wholly upon the slate lands of the St. John, it being the first 
town measuring from the coast to be so located, and its soil possesses all the fertility and other virtues 
which make this section rank with the most productive farming counties in New England. There is 
but little surface stone, the soil is the bright yellow loam characteristic of the St. John slate lands, and 
expert judges say that, acre for acre, the land in Houlton is fully equal to that of any other town in 
this region. The township is well-watered, and is divided into two parts substantially equal in size by 
Meduxnekeag River, which flows through it in a northeasterly direction from the southwest corner. 
A branch of the same stream enters at the northwest corner, making a junction with the river proper 
at a point approximating the centre of the town and at the head of the mill pond. The surface of the 
township is agreeably varied, from the southern line nearly half way to the northern boundary being 
high land which reaches to within a mile and a half of the eastern line ; and a huge ridge or " horse- 
back " extends along the western part of the town, penetrated by streams and highways. The excel- 
lence of the soil has caused the removal of nearly all the forest growth but still there is no dearth of 
trees, the margins of the fields being strongly marked by them, and even the village itself being abun- 
dantly supplied, for many noble shade trees line the highways and go far to substantiate Houlton's 
claim as one of the most beautiful towns in the State. And this claim is also supported by the 
various elegant private residences scattered about the village and town, nearly all of which stand in 
the midst of finely arranged and well-kept grounds, and are surrounded by velvety lawns or spreading 
shade tree.«, or tastefully designed flower beds. Nor are these adornments confined to the estates of 
the wealthy or neutralized by the close proximity of the shabby, neglected dwellings, rank grass lands 
and tangled shrubbery, far too common in some of our New England villages, on the contrary, neat- 
ness, taste and care are as conspicuous in the appearance of the smaller cottages as in that of the stately 
mansions, and a close and experienced observer could not make a tour of Houlton without being con- 
vinced that its population was intelligent, public-spirited, prosperous and contented ; for neatly and 
tastefully kept homes show more conclusively than columns of statistics could that the community in 
which they are located is enlightened and thriving. Houlton's handsome, elaborate and costly public 
buildings also add materially to the beauty of the town, the Ricker Classical Institute (a cut of which 
is printed on page 11), being especially picturesque. The court house, jail building and the Episcopal 
church (illustrated on page 13), are also structures which are no less beautiful than useful, aad indeed 
there is no other town of no greater population in which natural beauties are more adequately supple- 
mented by the work of the architect and builder. It has often been said that we Americans are so 
eager in our pursuit of the "mighty dollar" that we have no appreciation of the beautiful and regard 
everything from a strictly utilitarian stand-point. That may have been the case in the remote past 
but it is far from being so today, and no stronger proof of this could be given than that afforded by 
the fact that the residents of Houlton — business-like, progressive and industrious as they are, and 
having profitable employment for all their capital in the extension of their private enterprises — still 
vote large sums for handsome public buildings, erect fine residences, maintain ornamental grounds and 
in short show' in many ways that enterprise and thrift are by no means incompatible with an apprecia- 
tion of the beautiful. 



Being the shire town of Aroostook County, Houlton of course contains the County Court House. 
This is quite an elaborate building, erected thirty-odd years ago and costing 835,000. It has a man- 
sard roof, cupola and bell ; and here is located the town clock, — a recent gift to the town from public- 
spirited citizens. 

Manufacturing is extensively carried on, the more important products being starch, lumber, ma- 
chinery and iron work in general including castings, builder's finish, carriages and sleighs. Very large 
and finely equipped bark extract works are successfully carried on, and slaughtering is also a very 

Court House, Jaii, Bctilding and Episcopal Church. 

important local industry. Woolen goods are quite largely produced and corn meal, etc., are also 
manufactured. But it is as a trade centre that Houlton excels, and the local stores and warehouses 
would do credit, in many cases, to a town of much greater population. A building known as the 
Brick Block contains eight large stores and numerous offices on the upper floor. This structure oc- 
cupies the site of a number of buildings destroyed during a very destructive fire in 1884, and furnishes 
an exemplification of the saying "it's an ill wind that blows nobody good " for its existence is due to 
that conflagration and the block is a credit to architect, builder, owner and community and furnishes 
a model of what the business edifices of the future Houlton are to resemble. The stores are very high 
studded, are equipped with great plate glass window panes, are heavily stocked, brillianily illuminated 
by electricity, and in short are well calculated to make the visiting stranger who had deemed Houlton 
a " back-woods town " rub his eyes in astonishment, and wonder if be had not been suddenly trans- 
ported to Portland or Bangor. And the best of it is, the very favorable impression made by the ex- 
terior appearance of Houlton's leading stores is sure to be confirmed and deepened by an examination 
of the goods and prices and by familiarity with the methods of local merchants. Strangers sometimes 
wonder that Houlton should be so popular as a purchasing centre, even after making due allowance for 
its advantages of location, but this wonder never survives a visit to the town and an investigation of 
the inducements offered for the simple reason that it speedily becomes apparent that these induce- 
ments are unequalled elsewhere. No other town in the State can compare with Houlton as a pur- 
chasing centre so far as the residents of the country for miles around are concerned, and this is due 
not alone to superior railway facilities but largely to the enterprise and liberality and ability of those 


•doing business in town. Such a place as Houlton naturally attracts the most progressive traders from 
•other sections, for such men of course "know a good thing when they see it " and are quick to grasp 
the possibilities of trade in the metropolis of tiie frontier. Tlie field is well occupied and hence com- 
petitioB is keen and close, but it is almost without exception not only good natured but strictly honor- 
able, and goods bought from Houlton dealers are ])ractically certain to prove as represented. The 
•excellent banking facilities are second only to the railway facilities in aiding local merchants to carry 
•on business to the best possible advantage, and the result of the combination of favorable conditions 
brought about of late years is to be seen by a comparison of Houlton prices with those quoted on 
similar goods in Portland, Bangor and other cities, — such a comparison being by no means unfavorable 
to our local merchants. 

The County Jail is another notable building, and is ornamental as well as useful, although utility 
■was given the first place in its construction. It is a new edifice, cost $27,000 and is very finely ar- 
ranged and suitably finished. Houlton has always been liberal in the support of schools, as it is fitting 
a town should be that owes its origin to the New England appreciation of the importance of education. 
The new Grammar School House is a substantial and handsome brick edifice, erected at a cost of 
^15,000 and comparing favorably with any school building of similar grade in Maine. Houlton offers 
■especial inducements as a place of residence from an educational point of view, the town containing 
an Institute which has an enviable and thoroughly deserved reputation for efficiency. Its grounds are 
spacious and well-arranged and the buildings are large and extremely well-equipped, more than 835,000 
having lately beeu expended on them. There are some beautiful church edifices in town and some 
■elegant private residences, including several old mansion houses and various buildings recently erected 
and embodying the most advanced ideas of dwelling house architecture. The population of the town 
is rapidly and steadily increasing as its many advantages as a place of residence attract many emi- 
grants from the Provinces as well as many enterprising people from Maine and New England in 
general. Although in one sense of the word remote, Houlton is by no means inaccessible, it being 
more easily and quickly reached than many towns which lie much farther from the frontier, and it is 
an impressive fact that Bangor can now be more speedily and easily reached from Houlton than Wood- 
stock could for a number of years following the town's settlement. The mail and telegraph services 
are very good and the same may be said of the express service, this having been materially improved 
of late years. Freight rates to and from the town are very satisfactory, and there is good reason to 
believe that the manufacturing interests of this section are destined to develop very considerably in 
the near future. Great enterprise is shown in catering to local needs, there being a water company 
■which supplies the village with water of excellent quality at favorable rates ; and the electric light 
service is also comprehensive, reliable and popular. A sewerage company has taken hold of the im- 
portant work of drainage and although the system is not complete, enough has been done to show the 
-easy practicability of providing sewerage for double the present population of the village at compara- 
tively small expense. Possessing a healthful and beautiful location, pure air, pure water, good drain- 
age, excellent schools and churches, exceptionally good railway facilities, an industrious and enter- 
prising population and a most excellent reputation as a trade centre, Houltoncertainly offers an unusual 
if not unique combination of advantages as a place of residence, and at its present rate of growth it 
will soon becoma worthy of an even more important title than it now holds by right of conquest, — that 
•of Metropolis of the Frontier. 

Representative Business iMen of Houlton, iMe. 

rance Agents, Houllon, Me.— Asilie amouut of insurable 
4)roperty iu Houllon and vicinity is not only already large, 
out is constantly and rrtpidly increasing, there is naturally 
■i brisk demand for dep-ndable insurance at fair rates, and 
this demand is most efficiently aud satisfactorily catered 
to liy Messrs. Bradford, Gentle & Ludwig, who as a lirm 
and as individuals represent many of the strongest intnr- 
jince companies in the world, and are prepared to extcule 
commissions promptly and at the lowest rates consis'ent 
with positive protection. The firm was organized in 1888, 
and consists of Mr. J. H. Bradford, a native of Auburn, 
Me., Mr. George S. Gentle, a native of New Brunswick, 
and Mr. L. O. Ludwig, a native of Waldoboro, Me. They 
represent the Northern Assurance Co. of London, the 
American Insurance Co. of Boston, and the Insurance 
Co. of North America of Philadelphia. ISIr. Bradford 
represents the ^tna Insurance Co., Hartford ; Hartford 
Insurance Co., Hartford ; JEtna Life Insurance Co., Hart- 
ford ; Pennsylvania Insuiance Co., Philadelphia; First 
National Insurance Co., Worcester ; Royal Insurance Co., 
Liverpool. Mr. Gentle represents the Royal Insurance 
<3o., Liverpool; Employers' Liability (accident), London; 
Pennsylvania Insurance Co., Philadelphia ; Traders' Insur- 
ance Co., Chicago; Granite State Insurance Co., New 
Hampshire. Mr. Bradford carries on a private banking 
business including the reception of deposits, the payment 
and collection of drafts, etc.. and Mr. Gentle is interested 
in the purchase, sale and exchange of real estate. Taken 
as a whole, the facilities offered by Mefsrs. Bradford, 
•Gentle & Ludwip, associated and individually, are of great 
importance and form an important factor in the sum of 
the advantages possessed by Houlton as a business ceutre. 

Shop ; Shingle Machines, Gang Lath Saws, Rotary Mills, 
Wood Cutters, Stoves and Plows; manufacturers of the 
Celebrated "Getchell" Patent Horse Hoe; all Kinds of 
Machinery Promptly Repaired; dealer in Rubber and 
Leather Belting and Mill Supplies, Waldo G. Brown, 
Houlton, Me.— The productions of the Houlton Foundry 
and Machine Shop are so well and favorably known 
throughout this section that no detailed mention of them 
is necessary, suffice it to say, they are unsurpassed for 
efficiency of design and excellence of material and work- 
manship, and in some respects are unequalled for every- 
day practical use. They incluc^e shingle machines, gang 
lath saws, rotary mills, wood cutters, stoves and plows, 
together with the famous "Getchell " patent horse hoe, 
and can be furnished at short notice and moderate rates. 
■Spacious and well-arranged premises are utilized and they 
are fitted up with improved machinery driven by steam- 

power; every facility for the pionipt repairing of all 
kinds of miichinerj- bting at baud, and general machine 
work being done in a tupcrior nianutr at short notice. 
The proprietor and manager, ,Mr. Waldo G. Brown, is 
agent for Henry Disstou & icons' and Simonds Manufact- 
uring Co.'s mill, cu'cular and drag saws, and deals in 
rubber and leather belting and inill ,-upplics of all kinrs. 
He also deals extensively iu general liardware, farming 
tools, paints, oils, glass, bar iron and steel, pumps, 
wrought iron pipe, steam fittings and plumber's goods, 
occupying a liandsome and spacious store at No. 52 Main 
street, and adjacent storehouses. This store is one of the 
largest in the State and is most adiuirably equipped with 
modern improvements to facilitate the handling of the 
immense stock carried. Mr. Brown is a native of Haynes- 
ville. Me., and has carried on his present business since 
1883 He is engaged also in the manutacture of starch, 
but in spite of the extent and variety of his enterprises 
gives them all close personal at'entiim and maintains the 
service at a high standard of ttliciency. 

E. WOODBURY & CO., wholesale and retail 
dealers in Groceries, Provisions, etc., Jlechanic Street, 
Houlton, Me. — Very few men are engaged in active busi- 
ness for half a century, and the number of those who carry 
iin one certain enterprise for that length of time is so 
^mall that when a case is met with it can hardly be given 
too prominent mention, but even were such not the fact 
we would still be justified in ascribing to Mr. Eben Wood- 
bury a leadiug position in this review of Houlton's promi- 
nent business men, for no man in the town is more univer- 
sally known and highly esteemed or is a more truly repre- 
sentative citizen in every sense of tlie word. He is a 
native of Durham, Me, and began operations as a dealer 
in groceries, etc., more than fifty years ago, since which 
time he has had various partners In 1889 he became 
associated with Mr. John C. Mclntyre, under the firm- 
name of E. Woodbury & Co. Mr. Mclntyre is a native of 
New Brunswick, and his gained a most enviable reputa- 
tion throughout this section by his accommodating and 
straightforward methods. Mr. Mclntyre is agent for the 
Am. Ex. Co , a position he has held a number of years, 
and is also Western ticket agent for the Grand Trunk and 
Erie railroads. The firm occupy spacious premises cm 
jNIechanic street, and deal at both wholesale and retail in 
groceries, provisions, etc., carrying a large stock, quoting 
low prices, and assuring prompt service by the employ- 
ment of four assistants. Mr. Woodbury is the pre.'ent 
postmastw of Houlton, which position he has held 
through several terms. He has held various other impor- 
tant offices, including that of Slate representative. 



,.»FRED VERPLAST, dealer in Boots, Slices, 
Hats, Caps, Clothiag, etc. : strictly one price ; Corner 
llain and Court Streets. Houlton, Me — Much time and 
trouble and no little money may often be saved by pur- 
chasing an entire outfit at one place, and we can ceriainly 
give such of our readers as are contemplating the purcliase 
of an oiilfit of clothing no better advice than to call at tlie 
establishment conducted by Mr. Fred Verplast, for he 
carries a complete line of boots, shoes, hats, caps, clothing, 
etc , and has but one price. Jlr. Verplast not only 
handles absolutely dependable goods, but quotes absolutely 
bottom prices. He is a native of B-ingur, Me., and is 
widely and favorably known Ihroughoul Iloullon and 
vicinity. The business with which lie is now ideniificd 
was founded by him in 1889. The patronage is steadily 
increasing under his skillful management, and ilie public 
have long since learned that all represenlalii.ns mnde at 
this store can be implicilly relied upon. Besides carrying 
a full line of staple goods and styles, Mr Verplnst oifftTs 
many of the latest fashionable novelties, and those who 
like to feel that they are luHy "up lo the times" in ihe 
matter of dress, will appreciate his policy in thi-: respect 
Boots and shoes, bits and caps, as well as clothing for 
either working or dress wear may be bought to e.xcellent 
advantage of Mr. Kred Verplast, at the corner of Main 
and Court streets, Houlton, Me. 

S. D. AMAZEEN, Barber ; Violins and Strings, 
Violin Fixtures of all kinds ; Razors, Brushes and Soaps. 
Razors Concaved and Honed, No. 15 Market Square, Houl 
ton, Me. — The eminent degree of success attained by the 
enterprise carried <m by Mr. S. D. Amazeen, at No. 15 
Market square, is not the result of luck and chance by 
any manner of means, but has been honestly worked for 
and is honestly dcseived. Mr. Amazeen, who is a native 
of Exeter, Me , established the business in Houlton in 
1871, under the firm name of Amazeen & Hallett. He is 
a barber and is thoroughly conversant with his business 
in all its branches. He also carries in stock, razors, 
brushes, and soaps ; razors will be concaved and honed to 
order in a most sausfactor^' manner. Violins and strings 
as well as violin fixtures of all kinds, and watches, jew 
elry, etc.. are constantly carried in stock, and sold at 
retail. Mr. Amazeen employs two competent assistants, 
and gives close personal attention to all departments of his 
business, and being thoroughly acquainted with every 
detail of the business, he is very popular with his cus 
tomers, as his experience and good taste enables him to 
render valuable as^stance when it is desired. A variety 
of goods is offered, and includes the very latest styles. 
The public will find it to their advantage to patronize this 
establishment when they desire anything in the above- 
named lines of goods, jlr. Amnzeen assumed entire con- 
trol of the business in 1872, since which date he lias 
acquired the reputation of being one of lhe most enterpris 
ing men in Houlton and vicinity. 

L. T. CLOUGH, Livery, 
Boarding and Exchange Sta- 
ble Good Horses and a 
.Driver, wlien required. Car- 
rying Lumbermen a specialty. 
.Mechanic Street, Houlton, Me. 
-Mr. Clough carries on one 
j )f the most widely popular 
^-itables in this section, and no 

_ _ ■■f,r-r-r, .-jii^ ""^ '^''" '^° business with him 

«*»i<nnj(.e*«^^^^S^^S» for any length of lime without 
conceding that the popularity referred to, is by no means 
the result of luck or chance, but on the contrary, is the 
legitimate result of straightforward methods and an evi- 
dent desire to treat every customer fairly and liberally. 
He is a native of Maine and has conducted this business 
since 1885 which has steadily increased from the com- 
mencement. He is prepared to furnish good horses with 

a driver whenever required, and teams of a character that 
makes them presentable everywhere, at short notice and 
at reasonable rates. He lias excellent facilities for board- 
ing horses, having about thiriy stalls. The owners of 
horses that are boarded here, feel assured that they have 
comfortable quarters as well as the best of food and care. 
An importHnt department of Mr. Clough's business is the 
buying, selling and exclianging of horses, and as his sta- 
ble is so well known to the purchasing public, he is able 
to dispose of many animals to good advantage. Employ- 
ment is given to compeient help iliat customers may be 
pronqitl}' an 1 satisfiictorily served. 

CHARLES P. TENNEY, Dry Goods, Boots, 
Slioes, Hats. Caps and Gents' Furnishing Goods, 58 Main 
Street, Houlton. Me — The popularity of the establishment 
conducted liy Mr. Charles 1'. Tenney is by no means the 
result of luck, but on the contrary, has been brought about 
by hard, iuielligent and faithful work continued through 
nearly a liilf centuiy of years. The proprietor is a native 
of Houlton. and became identified with his present enler- 
pri-e about 1851. He deals in dry goods, boots, shoes, 
hats, capi and gents' furnishing goods. The premises 
occupied are locate 1 at No. •■)8 Main street, comprising 
two floors and a basement each of the dimensions of 
'32x80 feet, affording space for the accommodation of 
(juite an extensive stock, and on the score of magnitude 
alone Mr. Tenney's assortment is parallelled by few if any 
similar stocks in this section, but its quality is even more 
remarkable tlun its quan'it}', and the very latest fashiona- 
ble novelties are always well represented. All classes of 
trade are catered to and the closest buyers agree that at no 
store in this section is more genuine value given for money 
received. Four reliable ami well informed assistants are 
employed. Callers are assured prompt and courteous 
attention, goods being cheerfully shown and every oppor- 
tunity given to make a deliberate and satisfactory selec- 


dealer in Watches, 
Clocks and Jewelry^ 
Spectacles, Guns, Am- 
munition, Fishing 
Tackle, etc., etc. Fine 
Watch Repairing a spe- 
[ cialty. No. 5J^ Market 
Square, Houlton, Me. — 
One of the most reliable 
and altraclive establish- 
ments in this vicinity is 
that conducted by Mr. 
E. B. White, who is a 
dealer in watches, clocks, 
jewelry, spectacles, guns, 
ammunition, fishing tackle, etc. His stock is of course 
brighf and handsome but still it owes a good part of its 
attractive qualities to the taste and skill with which it is 
arranged. Business was commenced here in 188-1, and the 
pub ic have long since learn-d that the articles bought at 
this store are s-ure to prove just as they are represented in 
eveiy respect. Mr. White offers a fine line of watches and 
clocks and he quotes the lowest market prices for them. 
Every person should have a good time-keeper and the 
opportunity for procuring one tor a little money was never 
better than now. A well selected stock of jewelry is kept 
on hand and particular attention is called to the novelties 
offered in this department. He also carries an excellent 
collection of sportsman's articles which cannot fail to give 
satisfaction to those using them. His goods are all reliable 
and are of the best quality. Mr. White makes a specialty 
of fine watch repairing, and those who have patronized 
him in this department can testify to the superior manner 
in which the work was performed. He is a native of 
Hope, Me. 



E. MEi^RITT & SONS, Millers and wholesale 
dealers in Potatoes, Hay, Grain and Short Lumb<r; Pro- 
prietors Houlton Flour and Plaster Mills and Houllon 
Incandescent Light, Houlton, Me. — The business carried 
on under the tirm-name of E. Merriit & Sons was 
founded more than a quarter of a century ago, in 1885, 
and has long ranked among those represenialive enter- 
prises which combine to make Houlton the trade centre 
for all the country adjacent. The senior partner died in 
1885, and the undertaking is now carried on by Messrs. C. 
D. and L. B. Merritt, both of whom are natives of Mass- 
achusetts. Mr. C D. Merritt has served as county treas- 
urer and is now town treasurer, and both members of the 
firm are so widely known in businei-s and social circles 
that extended personal mention is quite unneces-eary. 
The concern are miller.-i, and wholesale dealers in potatoes, 
hay, grain and short lumber, and are propiietors of the 
Houlton Flour and Plaster Mills and the Houlton Incan- 
descent Light; they operating the electric lighting plant 
by which the town is illumina'ed. Their store is 38x120 
feet in dimensions, and contains a heavy stock of grain, 
flour, etc. A well stocked meat and provision inarket is 
also conducted by this firm, everything being of uni- 
formly dependable quality and offered at pric- s in strict 
accordance with the lowest market rates. Thefiim do a 
very large wholesale business in potatoes, hiiy and grain, 
shingles and other short lumber, and are prepared to fill 
the very heaviest orders at short notice and to quote 
bottom prices on all the commodities handled; their lacil- 
ities being unsurpassed. 

H. J. HATHEWAY, wholesale and retail 
dealer in Drugs, Medicires and Chemicals, Fancy and 
Toilet Articles, Sponges. Brushes, Perfumery, etc. ; sole 
agent for the Standard Liniment ; Houlton, Me. — We are 
sure there are no residents of Houlton but what are 
acquainted with the enterprise conducted by Mr. H. .1. 
Hatheway, who is a wholesale and retail dealer in drugs, 
medicines and chemicals. Tliere is no similar establish 
meni in this vicinity that is more popular or more worthy 
of popularity. This business was started in 1872 by Page 
& Gary, but in 1873 they were succeeded by the present 
proprietor. He has thus carried on this busiuess for about 
eiehteen years, and he has succeeded in winning the con- 
fidence of this community by keeping his assortment of 
goods so full and complete, as to be able to meet all 

demands that may be made upon if. Callers at this store 
are received with uniform ccurtes-y and served with caie 
and promptness. The usual line of druggist's sundi ies are 
handled, including fancy and toilet articles, sponges, 
brushes, perfumery, etc. The premises occupied contain 
about 1600 feet of space. Only the purest ingredients are 
sold and every effort is used to give complete satisfnction 
to all. Two efficient assistants are employed. Mr. Hath- 
eway manufactures the Standard Liniment, alfo Jackson's 
cough syrup. Rose hair wash and Sarsaparilla. He is s 
native ot Eastport, Me., and served in the army during our 
late Rebellion. 

J. .1. ROYAL, Manufacturer and Dealer in 
Harnesses and Horse Clothing, Carriage Robes, Whips, 
etc., Houlton, Me. — The difference between " good» 
cheap " and "cheap goods" is apt to be forgotten by those 
who are economically disposed, but it is w»ll worthy of 
being carefully borne in mind, especially when anything 
in the line of harne.«s or hor.-e furnishings is to be bought. 
The common "cheap" harness is but a miserable make- 
shift at the best, to say nothing of the danger of using a. 
harness that is liable to give way the moment any unusual 
strain is b-ought upon it. Considerations of economy 
alone should prevent its being bought, for it has no dura- 
bility, and must constantly be "patched up " in oneway 
or ano'her Mr. J. .J. Royal, i* a maker of and dealer in 
harnesses, and he can give intending purchasers no better 
advice than to give him a call, for, although his produc- 
tiin" are honestly and skillfully made from selected stock, 
they are offered at low rates, quality and durability being^ 
of cotir^ie duly considered. Mr. Royal is a native ot 
Hodgdon, Me., and has carried on his present undertaking 
here in Houlton since 1880. He is a manufacturer, as 
well as dealer in harnesses and horse clothing, and is agent 
for Vita; Lotion, the celebrated veterinary liniment. Sew- 
ing machines will be repaired in a thoroughly workman- 
like manner at short notice, while ntedles and repairs for 
all kinds of sewing machines are carried in stock. Mr. 
Royal offers a fidl assortment of horse goods at bottoni 
prices, embracing late novelties in this line, as well as al^ 
the staple goods A carefully chosen stock of harnesses, 
horse clothing, curriage robes, etc., are always on hand to 
select from, every article being sold under a guarantee 
that it will prove as represented. 






pl^JfJVTc^^ '^ 


I especially invite ihe patronage of those who desire 
their work well done. Speciiil estimates given on large 
orders, and prompt and careful atlenlion lo every order, 
■whatever the quantity. 


Prices Reasonable for First-class Work. 

" Nothing conveys so poor an impression of a business house 
as cheap and poorly printed office stationery." 


— Young men and young women are given a great deal of 
advice nowadays, but there is one bit of advice which is 
often forgotten and more often not followed when given, 
and that is — save money. And yet to those who have 
their own way to make in tlie world no more valuable 
advice can be given, and those who follow it may be 
trusted to take care of themselves under all ordinary and 
some extraordinary circumstancts, for one who practices 
the habit of money saving has learned to depend upon 
himself, to some extent, at least He is almost sure to be 
industrious, is not at all apt to indulge freely in intoxicat- 
ing liquors, is prett}' sure to take every opportunity to 
better his condition, and in short is one who not only 
deserves success but may be depended upon to win it. 
The habit is by no means difficult to acquire. A little 
self-denial and pruilence will enal)le practically any young 
man to save something ever}' week or every month, and 
the task soon becomes eas-y, for a good habit is as binding 
as a bad one, and all self-inade men agree that the first 
$500 or .$1,000 they accumulated was the hardest to get 
together, not only bt-cause it was then they were forming 
the habit of saving, but also because "money makes 
money," and a small capital well mnnaged will rapidly 
increase. Begin at once and put by something every pay- 
day, even if you can save only a little at first ; the" great 
thing is to get the habit of putting at least a certain amount 
aside, and when this is done the rest will be easy. Of 
course you should deposit in a well-managed savings bank, 
and you may search the State and not find a better man- 
aged one than the Houlton Savings Bank, as is proved by 
its record since its organization in 1872. This institution 
now has more than a quarter of a million of dollars con- 
fided to it. the amount due depositors May 1, 1891 having 
been $294,631.62, and it then had a surplus above all liabil- 
ities of i?;8,368 55, as computed by the bank examiner, 
Mr. George D. Bisbee. But favorable as this showing is, 
it is not so conclusive of the unsurpassed standing of the 

bank as is the character of the men identified with its 
management, as our readers will agree after an examina- 
tion the annexed list of officers and trustees ; President. 
Almon H. Fogg ; vice-president, Frederick A. Powers ; 
treasurer, L. O. Ludwig ; trustees, Silas T. I'lummer, Don 
A. H. Powers, O. F. French, Thomas M. Bradbury, Sam- 
uel Lane, Simon Friedman, George H. Freeman, Black 
Hawk Putnam, J. H. Bradford, Charles D. Merritt. 


Me. — The First National Bank of Houlton was incorpo- 
rated in 1881. but did not commence business until August 
1, 1882, so that it has been in operation just about nine 
years — long enough certainly to enable an intelligent judg- 
ment of its policy to be formed by a study of its past 
record, present condition and future prospects. A judg- 
ment so formed by a competent and unprejudiced observer 
will surely be favorable in the case of this bank, for its 
affairs have been and are ably administered, and it has 
unquestionably done much to advance the interests of this 
town and this section of the State by furnishing first class 
financial facilities, and adhering closely to the fundamental 
principles governing truly legitimate banking. The temp- 
tation to depart from those principles under the exigencies 
of the close competition which is present in banking no 
less than in oiher business in these modern times, is some- 
times great— how great is indicated by the many cases in 
which sitch departure hSS"*been followed by embarrass- 
ment and sol^letim^s ruin — but the management of this 
representative institution have steadily resisted all specu- 
lative tendencies and based their action on the solid rock 
of absolutel}' unimpaired credit, recognizing that to main- 
tain that was and is their chief duty to depositors and the 
general public no less than to the bank itself. As a nat- 
ural, and, indeed, inevitable consequence, the First 
National Bank of Houlton enjoys the fullest confidence of 
the community in general and the business public in par- 
ticular, and affords a service unsurpassed for reliability 
and efficienc}' by that of any other (inancial institution in 
the State. Particular attention is paid to collections, and 
all the services incidental to a regular banking business 
will be rendered on as liberal terms as are consistent with 
careful regard for the interests of all parties concerned. 
The officers and directors are far too generally known to 
need personal introduction to our readers, as will be seen 
by an examination of the following list ; Walter JIansur, 
president ; Charles P. Tenney, vice-president ; William C. 
Oonnell, cashier ; directors, Walter Mansur, Charles P. 
Tenney, Clarence H. Pierce, James Frank Holland, Hud- 
son T. Frisbie, William H. Gray, Almon H. Ffgg. 

J. R. LOWE, Lumber, Moulding and Planing 
Mill. Houlton, Jle — The great and growing popularity of 
hard wood flooring is due in a measure, of course, to the 
fact that the public appreciate more fully than formerly 
that hard-wood floors are the cleanest and most healthful, 
besides being the cheapest in the long run, as they may 
be left bare or be covered by lugs that will wear a great 
deal longer than carpet'*, but it is also due to reduction in 
the cost of hard wood flooring made possible b}' the use of 
improved machinery. A vi-it to the mill carried on by 
Mr. J. R. Lowe will show that he is prepared to (urnish 
hard wood flooring in quantities to suit as cheap as any- 
body else, for he makes a specialty of its manufiicture and 
having first class facilities is in a position to meet all hon- 
orable competition. The mill is two stories in height and 
40x60 feet in dimensions, and there is a spacious dry- 
house connected. The machinery is of the most improved 
type and power is furnished by a forty-horse engine ; 
employment being given to from five to eight assistants 
and orders being promptly and accurately filled. Besides 
making hardwood flooring Mr. Lowe manufactures build- 
ers' of all kinds, and does matchine, ]ilaning and 
sawing to order at short notice and at uniformly reason- 
able rates. 









Agents for tha Atlantic Wood Farnace. Plumbing and Piping a Spscialty. 

G. W. RICHARDS & CO., dealers in Dry and 

i;Fancy Goods, Uomestic HaudKnit Socks, Mills and 

.'Drawers Bought and Sold, Houllon, Me— Operations 

were commenced in this line of trade by Messrs. Page & 

; Stevens, who was succeeded by A. B Page. He was 

■ succeeded by Mr. F. C. Nickerson and it was in 1886 
•when tlie present proprietors Mr. G. W. Richards & Co., 

"took possession of these premises which are about 25x95 
"feet in dimensions. To say that this store has become 
" more popular and more largely patronized than many 
"Other stores in this town, is merely to assert what every 
resident of Houlton knows to be a fact, for Jlessrs. 
Hichards & Co., have such an accurate idea of what the 
..public want and have shown such an enterprise in catering 
to all classes of patrons, that their establishment has 
'become a favorite resort of those seeking the latest nov- 
-elties in dry and fancy goods. The stock on hand com- 
•prises a full line of dry and fancy goods which are offered 
-at a very moderate price, as Richards & Co. , are careful 
'■buyers and believe in sharing the advantages so gained 
with their customers. They have also a variety of domes- 
tic hand knit sock?, mitts and drawers, which they are 
. prepared to sell to the advantage of those using such 

- articles, and which they are willing to purchase if of a 
■^superior make and finis-h. Employment is given to four 

assistants, and as the firm are thoroughly familiar with 
every detail of their business, they are well informed as to 

■ the latest novelties in the New York and Boston markets, 
. «nd spare no pains to keep their stock fully "up to the 
'times" in every respect. This firm was the first to adopt 

the " Cash Railway " system in Aroostook Co. 

W. G. SOMERVILLE, Meat and Groceries, 
Houlton, Me— Among those establishments which both 
on account of the character and extent of the stock car- 
ried and the low prices named on the articles comprising 
the same, are worthy of especially prominent and favora- 
ble mention, must be classed that conducted bj' Mr. W. 
G. Somerville, for this gentleman caters to the most 
fastidious trade, while his prices are as low as the lowest 
in every department, quality of course being considered. 
The premises are of spacious dimensions and afford ample 
• accommodation for the heavy assortment of fresh meats, 
choice staple and fancy groceries which are constantly 
carried. A full selection of everything usually carried in a 
firstcla^s meat and grocery store is always to be found 
here. Employment is given to thoroughly competent and 

- experienced assistants, all orders being promptly and 

• courteously filled at all times. This establishment was 

• originally founded by Mr. H. C. Arnold, who was suc- 
ceeded in 1888 by Charles Wilson, and he in 1889 by the 
firm of Somerville Bros., the present proprietor, Mr. W. 
-Q. Somerville assuming full control of Ihe business in 
1889. He I gives the details of his business careful per- 

■ sonal supervision and spares no pains to assure complete 
T^atisfactioa to the most critical customers. 

DR. H. A. GREENE, Dental Surgeon, Houl- 
ton, Me. — Pain has been defined as " the prayer of the 
nerve for relief," and if we accept this definition, we must 
confess that some nerves, and especially those connected 
with the teeth, have a style of praying which is much 
more forcible than enjoyable. Nature, of course, has 
some good reason for making the nerves of the teeth so 
sensitive, and, indeed, even under present conditions, 
many of us neglect our teeth in a most shameful manner. 
When once they are put in good order it is not difficult to 
keep them so, and as the services of a competent dentist 
are indispensable, if this result is to be attained, we take 
pleasure in calling the attention of our readers to the facil- 
ities offered by Ur. H. A. Greene, for he is not only a skill- 
ful but a gentle operator, and has the most improved 
apparatus and instruments to enable him to practice den- 
tistry in all its branches. Dr. Greene began the practice 
of his profession in 1885. and has been located in Houlton 
since 1890. He is fast building up an enviable reputation 
as a well informed and reliable practitioner, and we have 
no hesitation in guaranteeing satisfaction to those availing 
themselves of his services, for his methods are thorough 
but gentle. His work will compare favorably with any 
with which we are acquainted, and his charges are uni- 
formly moderate. Dr. Greene's office is centrally located 
over A. H. Fogg& Co.'s store, and all callers may depend 
upon receiving prompt and careful attention. 

H. O. BERRY, Carriage Making, Repairing, 
Painting, Houlton, Me. — The chances are that a great 
many owners and users of carriages and wagons are 
included among our readers, and the establishment carried 
on by Mr. H. O. Berry, at Houlton, is of especial interest 
to this class, for Mr. Berry is a carriage manufactunr as 
well as repairer and painter. He has the most improved 
facilities at hand for the manufaclure of heavy team 
wagons, and the repairing and painting of all kinds of 
vehicles. Mr. Berry Is a native of Smyrna, Me , and his 
been identified with his present enterprise since 1875. 
The premises made use of include two floors each 25x60 
feet in dimensions and are completely fitted up for the 
requirements of the woiki done. Employment being 
given to experienced assistants, so that oiders can lie 
filled at short notice— a point Ihat will be especially appre- 
ciated by those who want a carriage or a wagon repaued, 
and cannot afford to be h-ng deprived of the use of it. 
The work done heie is dependable in Ihe full sense of the 
word, for selected material is used, and the workmanship 
is first class throughout. Everything considered, the pricts 
quoted by Mr. Berry will compaie very favorably wilh 
those named elsewhere, and it is well to bear in mind thnt 
he warrants his work in every' particular. Therefore 
those who find it difiicult to get their work done prnm]<tly 
and in a satisfactory m:inner would do well to make Mr. 
Berry a call. 



RiGKER Classical Institute, 


Beautifully Located, 

Fine Buildings, 

Broad Curriculunn, 

High Moral Tone^ 

This school now ranks among the tirst in the State- 
There are four courses of study, College Preparatory^ 
Academic, Normal and English. 

A dormitory is connected with the school where students- 
may obtain board or rooms at a low price. 

Tuition ;— English branches at the rate of fifty cents per 
week ; Languages at the rate of sixty cents per week. 

Further information as to terms, etc.. freely supplied to 
any one who will write to the principal, 


factured by W. H. Esty, Houlton, Me. — There has been a 
woolen mill in Houlton for many years, and it Is safe to 
say that no other mill in the country has been carried on 
on more straightforward principles, or turned out goods 
that were more dependable n every respt ct. The propri- 
etor, Mr. W. H. listy, fully maintains the reputation of 
the establishment, and it is known throughout this section 
that anything coming from these mills represente . as " all 
wool," is precisely that and nothina else, being therefore 
radically different from the greater part of the " all wool " 
goods now so common in the market. Thi-> is a one set 
mill and produces the famous "Ar'^ostook" hom spun 
yarns, all wool flannels, woolen suitings, satinets, bed 
blankets and horse blankets. These goods are eold at both 
wholesale and retail, and the prices named on them aie 
always moderate and in some cases ixceptionally low. 
There is a carpet cleaning machine connected with th -. 
mill, and carpels will be thorovg/ili/ c]emie<l without injury, 
and at very short notice, the rates being low enough to 
suit the most economically disposed. 

ALMON H. FOGG & CO., jobbers and retailers 
of Hardware, Cutlery. Paints and Oils. House Trimmings 
and Faiming Tool:*, 72 to 78 Main Street. Houlton. Me. — 
The enterprise conducted by Messrs. Almon H. Fogg & 
Co. was established more than thirly years ago and has 
borne a very prominent part in the work of bringing about 
the present importance of Houlton as a business centre. 
It was founded in 18.59 and hiis steadily developed until it 
has readied very large proportions, the business compris- 
ing many d parinifnls each of which is most efficiently 
conducted, the result being that both wholesale and retail 
buyers of hardware, cutlery, fiirming tools, paints and 
oils, glass, house trimminas, etc., are assured unsurpassed 
value for money paid and the prompt and accurate filling 
of their orders by taking advantage of the facilities offered 
by this representative firm, composed of Messrs. Almon 
H. Fogg and Clarence H. Pierce, the former a native of 
Bangor, and the latter of Houlton. Mr. Fogg has served 
as Town Treasurer, and has been president of 'he Houlton 
Savings Bank since its organization in 1873. The concern 
carry an immense stock and utilize very spacious premiffs, 
including four floors measuring about 60x70 feet, and a 
two story storehouse of the dimensions of 12.5x30 feet. 
Employment is given to six assistants, and notwithstand- 
ing the magnitude of the business, immediate and cartful 
attention is assured to every caller. 

O. NEWHOUSE, Groceries and Provisions,. 
Dry Goods, and Boots and Shoes, Houlton, Me. — The- 
business now carried on by Mr. O. Newhouse at Houlton,^ 
Me., was founded by him in 1875. Mr. Newhouse is a. 
native of Germany and has been in business in the Siales- 
(or thirty four years, and is therefore thoroughly familiar 
with the practical details of his present line of trade, giv- 
ing the business careful personal supervision and raising: 
the service to the highest standard of efficiency Mr. 
Newhouse is a dealer in general merchandise and utilizes 
commodious premises, couiprising one floor and basement,, 
each 2.5x60 feet in dimensions, a large stock is carried, 
among the more important commodities handled being 
choice staple and fancy groceries, provisions, drj' gtiods, 
and boots and shoes. These are selected especially with a. 
view to supplying regular trade, and hence may be 
depended upon to prove enlirely satisfactory a'* they come 
from the most reliable sources and are in every instance 
guaranteed to prove just as represented. Mr. Newhouse- 
believes in "quick i-ales and small profits." and qu-tes 
bottom prices on everything he handles. Coinpelent and 
reliable assistants are employed and immediale and care- 
ful attention is thus assured to every caller Mr. New- 
house also deals extensively in raw furs and pays the high- 
est price. 

SILAS W. TABER, m.anuraclurer of Fine 
Carriages, Sleighs, etc., etc. ; .Jobbing ol all kinds promptly 
attended to ; ordered work a specialty ; Mtclianic Sti-eet,. 
Houlton, Me. — Mr. Taber is one of the best known manu- 
facturers of fine carriages, sleighs, etc., in this neighbor- 
hood. He commenced operations about twenty-seven 
years ago, and his business ha^ c intinued to increase from 
the s-tart. Those of our readers who wish to procure a. 
fine carriage or sleigh can do no better than to give an- 
order for the same to Mr. Silas W. Taber, f.^r he makes a. 
specialty of such work and can guarantee perfect sntisfac 
tion as to quality, style and price. He is also prepared to 
attend to jobbing of all kinds, which is promptly at ended 
to. All work entrusted to him may be safely dependid 
upon to prove just as represented, the practice of covering 
up defective work with handsome pa nl not being alh wed 
at this establishment. The premises are located on 
Mechanic street, Houlton, Me., and they have all facilities 
for producing good work. Employment is given to eigh». 
competent men, that every order may be filled when prom- 
ised. Mr. Taber is a native of this town, and is well antii 
favorably known ia all adjacent towns. 




Main and Court Streets, Houlton, Maine, 





Physicians' Presjzriptions Carefully Compounded. 

A. P. M. TA- 

HER, Horse Shoer 
and Farrier ; Reg- 
ulating Horses 
Teeth a specialty ; 
iigent for Glais- 
ler's Peat Moss 
Petroleum ; Houl- 
ton, Me.— Mr. Ta- 
ber, who is a na- 
tive of Houlton, 
Me., has conduct- 
ed this business 
for about twenty 
ytars ami we believe now lakes llie lead in his especial 
line. A blacki-mith's shop is as nt-cessary in a commu- 
nity as almost any line of business which can be men- 
tioned, but in order to be ranked among the leading 
places, it must be first class in every respect, and any one 
wishing a strictly firstclass job done at a moderate price 
should visit this fhop, Mr. Taber makes a specially of 
shoeing horses and treating and regulating their teeth. 
He is also competent to treat them for other ailments. 
Those who own valuable horses can appreciate the str- 
Tices of one who understands their dii^eases and llie great 
advantage of having so skillful a person in town, and there 
are many gentlemen in Ihis neighborhood who have availed 
themselves of this great conveuierce, Mr. Taber is agi-nt 
for Peat Moss medicated hoof slufflng. 

I. \r. HILL & CO., successors to John M. 
liice, Furniture. Carpets, etc.; Undertaking a specialty; 
West End Public Square, Houlton, Jle. — It is certainly 
tiot to be wondered at that Messrs. I. M. Hill & Co. should 
-<Jo a very large and constantly growing business, for the 
advantages gained by dealing with them are so many and 
-obvious tliat there is litlle chance of even the most care- 
less buyer failing to appreciate them. To begin with, 
they occupy very extensive premises which consist of four 
^oors, each about 1500 feet in dimensions. These afford 
-excellent facilities lor the display and examinatic n of the 
-goods to be sold, which includes furniture, carpets, etc. 
His slock is a very valuable and desirable one and it is 
-complete in its variety and ttyle. The furniture is thor- 
■oughly made and the designs are new. The carpets repie- 
«ent some of the newest patterns of the best houses, while 
the prices for the same are very moderate. Messrs. Hill 

& Co. make a specially of undertaking, and Ihey are pre- 
pared to assume entire charge of funerals, and to supply 
every thing required for such occasions at very reasonable 
rates. Mr. John M. Rice conducted this business for 
more than fifteen years, and it was in 1889 that the pies- 
ent firm of 1. M. Hill & Co. succeeded him. Mr. Hill is a 
native of Littleton, Me. The firm enjoy the fidlest confi- 
dence of the public as their goods are never knowingly mis- 
represented and their prices are always low as the lowest. 

D. F. CHAMPEON, Electrician ; orders for 
Electrical Apparatus promptly attended to ; Electrical 
Repair Work solicited ; Agents for the "Acme" Cash 
Railway t^ystem ; 23 Court Street, Houlton, Me.— In order 
that electrical apparatus should give satisfaction it is essen- 
tial that it be properly arranged and connected, and, obvi- 
ous as this fact would seem to be, it is apparently often 
lost sight of, for many persons seem to believe that as long 
as they obtain first class apparatus it will surely work well 
whether they or other unskilled persons put it up, the con- 
sequence being that the work is improperly doiie, the 
apparatus fails when mo^t needed, perhaps, and is con- 
demned as " a fraud " or " not praclical." This is annoy- 
ing, to say the least, and it is also wholly unnecesiary, for, 
by placing orders with Mr. D. F. Champeon at ^o. 23 
Court street, satisfactory results are positively a'surtd. 
He is a native of Exeter, Me.; btgan operations in Hoiil- 
ton as a member of the fiim of Champeon & Young in 
1889, and assumed sole control in 1891. Being an expert 
practical electrician he is prepared to do all kinds of elec- 
trical work, such as putting in electric bells, annunciators, 
burglar alarms, electric locks, etc., which may be opeiated 
from any part of the premises, and to do electrical repair 
work of every description at short notice, at moderate 
rates and in the most tflicient manner. Mr. Champeon 
deals in all kinds of electrical apparatus and supplies and 
will furnish the same at lowest market rates. Speaking 
tubes and whistles are also dealt in, and gun and lock- 
smithing and bell hanging will be done in first class style 
at low rates. Electro plating in gold, silver and nickel is 
also firely done at this establishment. Mr. Champeon is 
the sole agent for Maine for the Acme Cash Railway Sys- 
tem, which saves Hme, labor and money, is ornamental as 
well as useful, and will be rented or sold outright at mod- 
erate rates. Mail orders are assured prompt attention, and 
we feel fully justified in guaranteeing satisfaction to all 
who may take advantage of Mr. Champeon's facilities. 




Office in Putnam and Mansur's Block, No. 3 Market Square, Houlton, Mainei. 

special Attention given to tlie Treatment of Diseases of Women and Children. 

Medical Examiner for The Union Mutual Life Insurance Company, 

of Portland, Maine. 

L. C. BRYANT, Importer, wholesale and retail 

dealer in Five, Ten and Twenty-five- Cent Goods ; Crock- 
ery, G ass and Tin Ware a specialty ; Houlton, Me.— 
So great a variety of articles is included under the bead of 
five, ten and twenty live cent goods that it is quite impos- 
sible within our limited space to give anything like a 
detailed description of the stock cairied by Mr. L. C. Bry- 
ant, for he is an importer of and a wholesale and rttail 
dealer in such goods, and offers as complete and desirable 
an assortment as can be found in this section of the State. 
Mr. Br3'ant is a native of Machias, and founded bis present 
business in 1884, since which date he has built up a large 
and still steadily increasing trade by dealing fairly with 
his patrons and sparing no pains to fully salisly every rea- 
sonable customer. Mr. Biyant occupies one floor and a 
basement, each measuring 80x40 leet, and has his stock 
so arranged that inspection of the many arlicles it com- 
prises is easy and pleasant. A specialty is made of crock- 
ery, glass and tin ware, and not only are the latest novel- 
ties offered as well as all the staple styles, but the prices 
quoted average much lower than are generally named on 
goods of equal merit. Mr. Bryant has recently bought 
from the well-known firm of E. Jlerritt & Sons their entire 
line of crockery and glass ware, and leased their store in 
the brick block for a term of years, where he is better pre- 
pared to handle his large and steadily increasing trade. 

JOHN A. MILLAR, Wholesale Grocer and 
manufacturer of Pure Confectioneiy ; Kos. 9 and 11 Court 
Street, Houlton, Me. — There is no denying that there 
has sprung up of late years a certain prejudice against 
what are known as "grocers' candies," owing to the fact 
that some grocery houses in their eagerness to overcome 
all competiiion in the confectionery line by quoting low 
prices have supplied their customers with very inferior 
goods. Only comparatively few houses have cone this, 
but the high-priced confectioners have taken advantage of 
the opportunity to build up a popular pre judire against 
"grocers' candies" in general. Now, of course, this is 
unjust, for many grocers handle only first class confection- 
ery, even if they do undersell the " regular "confectioners, 
and very prominent among those who quote bottom prices 
on confectionery of guaranteed excellence is Mr. John A. 
Millar, doing business at Nos. 9 and 11 Court street. Mr. 
Millar is a native of New Biunswick, and has carried on 
his present business since 1819. He is not only a whole- 
sale and retail grocer but also a manufacturer, wholesaler 
and retailer of pure confectionery, and heEce knows just 
what he is furnishing to his customers in the way of can- 
dy, and fully guarantees its purity, while quoting bottom 
prices on ei ch of the many varieties dealt in. The prem- 
ises made use of comprise three floors ard a basement, 
measuring 25x65 feet, and are fitted up with all faeilities 
necessary to enable operations to be carried on to the best 
advantage, the most exiensive orders being filled at short 
notice, as employment is given to eight competent assistant.'. 

JOHN BRYSON, Photographer; Pictures- 
copied and. enlaigcd ; Houllon, Me. — Since the lime- 
that the great French artist discovered the art of dagiierie- 
otyping, photography has been making rapid and conliiiuali 
advances until to day it occupies a position of command- 
ing influence. The photographic studio now conducted, 
by Mr. John Bryson has been under his management for 
about thirty years. The popularity and succiss which he- 
has attained in this business speak most conclusively for 
his skill as an artist, and the good taste of the people of 
Houlton. He occupies a fine studio, where he is prepared 
to ofier his patrons ihe most satisfactory work in alL 
branches of line photograph}'. Pictures are copied and, 
enlarged in the most approved styles. An examinalion of 
his work, and Ihe testimony of his large circle of patrons, 
will ct nfirin all be claims for his tali nts and workmanship. 
He has ever}' modnn iniprovement connected with his- 
business and isprepaied to take ordeis for all hinds and 
szes ol pictures ihat come under Ihe head of photography. 
Mr. Bryson gives emplo}ment to three assistants Mho are 
competent to perform the duties he requires of thi m. He 
is a native of New Brunswick, and he has made many 
friends in our midst by his courtesy and skill as an artist. 
Mr. J. Frank Bryson. the sod, who is also a fine artist, 
and a thoroughly good fellow, has recently been admitted 
to partnership. For fine photographs or outdoor views- 
we most heartily recommend this firm to our readers. 

W. A. NICKERSON, wholesale and retail 
dealer in Dry and Fancy Goods, Furnishing Goods, Fur 
Coats, Ladies Wraps, Boots, She es ard Rubbers, 63 Main 
Street, Houlton, Me. — Notwithstanding the high average 
character of the many mercantile establishments located, 
in Houlton and vicinily, it is obvious that here, as else- 
where, there must be ceriain houses in each line of trade 
which excel all others in Ihe handling of given specialties,, 
and it is sn open secret that at the establishment conducteel' 
by Mr. W. A. Nickerson at No. 63 Main street, unequaled 
inducements are offered to purchasers of diy and fancy 
gcods of all kinds, also furnishing goods, fur coats, ladies'' 
wraps, boots, shoes, rubbers, etc. Mr. Nickerson ought 
to be able to offer exceptional advantages to buyers of' 
these goods, for he has had long and varied experience in 
his present line of business, and has bun located in Houl- 
ton since about 1882, and enjoys such favorable relations 
with producers as to enable him 1e quote posilively bottom 
prices on positively dependable goods. He is a native of 
Hodgden, Me., and has long tanked among Houlton's rep- 
resentative merchants. The premises occu, icd niea ure 
35x90 feet m diaensions, oppoilu. ily being given (or il e- 
carrying of a very heavy ard varied stock, and for Ihe dis- 
playing of it to excellent advantage. Dry and fancy goods, 
etc., are dealt in both at -nbolesale and retail, and the- 
employnie, t of five ccmpetent assistants assures prompt' 
and polite attention to every cit'tomer. Mr. Nickerson i». 
well known throughout Houlton and vicinity, ) nd no'w- 
holds the < ffice of county treasurer. 





Watches, Clocks aod Jewekf, 

rarticular attention given to Fine Watch and 
Jewelry Repairing. 


J. E. BURNIIAM, Oyster House, Cigars ami 
Tobacco, HoultOD, Me. — The man who carries on an 
establishment and furnislies food that is all right both as 
regards quality and quantity is a benefactor to the human 
race and deserves every credit, and as Mr. .J. E. Burnham 
is just that kind of an individual we take pleasure in com- 
mending his establishment to the favorable altention of 
our readers. The Oyster House under consideration has 
been umler the management of the present proprietor 
since 1887. He has renovated the premises until they are, 
among the best in Houlton, and cover an area of some 720 
square feet. Mr. Burnham has always been famous for 
combining good food and plenty of it with low prices, and 
with his thorough knowledge of the businesj, he under- 
stands the wants of each customer, and always strives to 
pleiise them. Mr. Burnham is a native of Lincoln, Me., 
and is very well known throughout Houlton, where he has 
built up an extensive wholesale and retail business. He 
deals extensively in oysters, and also carries constantly in 
stock a choice assortment of cigars, tobacco, etc. The 
many improvements which Mr Burnham has made in his 
business methods should, and we feel assured does assist, 
in adding much patronage to his establishment. 

dealer in Books, Stationery, Fancy Goods, Room Paper 
and Curtains, .Jewelry, Musical Jlerchandise, Sporting 
Goods, etc., Houlton, Me. — An enterprise of special inter- 
est to the people of Houlton, and one that will be of value 
to learn something about in this volume, is the Excelsior 
Kews Depot, conducted by Jlr. O. M. Smith. He has 
lieen ideuiiticd with this cslablishment from the time it 
was started by the tinn of Smith & Lunt in 1885 and 
since 1880, has hail the entire management of affairs. 
The business of this house is steadily increasing, and its 
resources are ample to meet all demands. Its policy is 
worthy the coufideration of the public, wlio will find 
many advantages in dealing here. Mr. Smith has in his 
employ two competent assistants, and customers are 
assured immediate and courteous attention, and that all 
inquiries will be answered politely. The premises are 
centrally located and are 24x50 feet in dimensions, and 
contain not only a choice assortment of books, stationery. 
and fancy good«, but a large variety of room paper and 
curtains, also jewelry, musical merchandise and sporting 
goods, etc. Mr. Smith who is a native of Maine is a man 
thoroughly conversant with the minutest details concern- 
ing tlie business, to which he gives his close supervision, 
and our citizens are sure that they can obtain here the 
most pojiular publications of the dny. as well a^ the latest 
novelties in all departments of the establishment. We 
can therefore commend the able and efficient management 
of this house. 

G. W. LANE, dealer in Boots, Shoes and Rub- 
bers, 17 Court Street, Houlton, Me. — When buying boots 
or shoes, the main point is to get a pair that will tit you, 
and it is worth while to take more pains to do this than 
one would suppose, for not only is good fitting footwear 
decidedly more comfortable than that which is too loose or 
too tight at one point or another, but it is also decidedly 
more durable, as has been repeatedly proved by actual 
test. Now, leet vary considerably in size and propor- 
tions, and hence, the only way to get something that will 
really fit is to choose from a stock containing practically 
all sizes and widths, and if you make yi ur selections from 
the assortment offered by the Boston Shoe Store, Air. G. 
W. Lane, proprietor, at No. 17 Court street, you will 
have little trouble in getting a satisfactory fit, for the 
stock is exceptionally complete, both as regards sizes and 
varieties of footwear. Mr. Lane is a j'oung man, and is a 
native of Boston, where he was connected with ihe 
wholesale shoe liouse of Batehelder & Lincoln for seven 
years, and it is needless to add, thoroughly understands 
the business. He began business in Houlton in 1890. and 
conducts the only exclusive shoe store in this county, 
including a branch ^tore at Caribou. Mr. Lane spares no 
pains to keep his assortment of boots, shoes and rubbers 
complete in every department, and there is practically 
nothing in the line of seasonable footwear he is not pre- 
pared to furnish. His prices are low as the lowest, and a9 
his goods are in every instance guaranteed to prove as 
represented, no better place to trade can be found in this 

C. H. WILSON, dealer in Groceries, Provisions, 

Tobaccos, Fruit and Confectionery, Houlton, Me, — This 
establishment has been conducted here for many years as 
Mr. C. H. Wilson succeeded Carey Bros , in 1865, and the 
grocery trade had been carried on for some years previous 
to that date. Its present proprietor, Jlr. Wilson, ranks 
among the most important aid representative business 
men, and the service was never more prompt, accurate 
and generally satisfactory than it is now. The stock on 
hand is varied and complete, being carefvilly selected for 
family use. Choice groceries, provisions, tobaccos, fruit 
and confectionery are largely dealt in, and despite the 
uniformly excellent quality of these articles the prices 
quoted will bear the closest comparison with of 
otlier dealers. Emp'oyment is g ven to three competent 
assistants, and customers are assured prompt and polite 
treatment, while orders are accurately filled. The prem- 
ises contain about GOO feet. Mr. C. H. Wilson who is a 
native of St. Albans, Ale , has been Ihe town tnasnrer and 
for four years was in partnership with Mr. T. M. Brad- 
bury. He is very widely and favorably known in this 



JAMES K. OSGOOD, Jeweler and Optician ; 
also Watches. Clocks, Silverware, and rich Fancy GooJs ; 
everything usually kept in a Firslclass Jewelry Store ; 
Fine Watch Kepairing a specialty ; 59 Main Street, lloul- 
ton, Me. Mr. .lames K. O.-good is a native of Maine, and 
is very widely and favorably known in Houlton and 
vicinity, both in business and social ciicles, he having 
made many friends by his enterprising and straightfor- 
ward methods during the twenty years that he has been 
identified with the present enterprise. He deals in jew- 
elry, clocks, silverware, rich fancy goods, watches, opiical 
goods, etc. The premises occupied by Mr. Osgood are 
fiome 600 s-quare feet in dimensions, and located at o9 
Main street, Houlton. a very carefully chosen stock of 
American watches, clocks, jewelry, silverware, engage 
nient and wedding rings being always on hand to choose 
from, and is so frequently renewed as to always contain 
many of the latest novelties, besides full lines of staple 
goods, diamonds, rich jewelry, spectacles, etc., styles 
which are in permanent demand. The lending makes of 
Waltham, Elgin, Hampden, Springfield and all makes of 
standard American watches are well represented, and one 
may buy a good reliable timekeeper here at very low fig- 
ures, and have the satisfaction of knowing that it is fully 
guaranteed to prove as represented. Excellent value is 
also offered in rich fancy goods, and in fact everything 
usually kept in a first-class jewelry utore. A specialty is 
made of eye-glasses, spectacles and optical goods suited to 
all defects of vision are furnished at lowest figures possi- 
ble for good stock. The best lines of silver and plated 
■ware to be found in the market are in stock here. Fine 
watch repairing a specialty, and will be done in a superior 
manner at short notice. < 

T. M. & J. BRADBURY, dealers in Groceries, 
Carriages, Harnesses, Kobes, etc. ; also carry on first- 
class Livery, Boarding and Sale Stables ; Market Square, 
Houlton, Me. — Messrs. T. M. & J. Bradbury are among 
the most favoralily, as well as the most widely known of 
Hiiulton's business men, for their honorable and enterpris- 
ing methods cause them to be held in high esteem by 
iliose with whom ihey have dealings, and the nature of 
their undertaking — or rather undertakings, for they carry 
oil three distinct lines of business — has made them almos-t 
universally known in this section of the State. Messrs. 
T. M. and J. Bradbury are both natives of Jlaine' and 
tiesran business here in Houlton about fifteen years ago. 
Their store is located on Market square, and has all neces- 
sary facilities for the proper accommodation of a varied 
stock, comprising groceries of all kinds as well as har- 
nesses, robes, etc. These goods are offered at the lowest 
market rates and a large retail business is done in both 
departments, requiring the services of three capable assist- 
ants In addition to the lines of business already men- 
tioned. Messrs. T. M. & J. Bradbury carry on a first-class 
livery, lioarding and sale stable. They also carry a large 
stock of fine carriages of all descriptions. Their establish 
ment is very conveniently arranged and has every facility 
for the 1 oarding of horses and care ol vehicles at reason- 
able rates They keep for livery purposes a large number 
of stylish turnouts. All animals entrusted to their care, 
either for sale or to board, will be given the bes^t attention, 
and every thing for their comfort will be provided. 

FRED F. FRISBIE, wholesale and retail 
dealer in Fine Groceries, Opposite Sneli House, 21 Market 
Square, Houlton. Me. — Among the many grocery stores 
located in Houlton, few are better known than that carried 
on by Mr. Fred F. Frisbie at No 21 Market street. He 
began business in 1880 in the boot and shoe line, but since 
1888 has been engaged in the grocery business, and has 
already made an enviable reputation for reliability and 
fair dealing. Premises of the dimensions of 20x88 feet 
are occupied, and three courteous and competent assistants 
are required to attend to the heavy patronage enjoyed. 
The stock carried at this e8tabli^hment will compare 
favorably in all essential features with that of any similar 
house in Houlton, for it is both large and varied, and con- 
tains no commodities of inferior quality, it being Mr. 
Frisbie's endeavor to cater to the best trade. He does not 
do this by placing his prices so high that none but the 
favored lew can sfford to trade with him, but offers such 
inducements that experienced buyers feel they can hardly 
afford to trade elsewhere. A specialty is m»de of fir^t- 
class gmceiies of all kinds, which are told at both whole- 
sale and retail. The premises occupied are located at No. 
21 Market Square, opposite Snell House, where everything 
f-old is guaranteed to prove just as represented, and the 
prices as low as the lowest, when the quality is considered. 
Mr. Frisbie being a native of Houlton, is well known and 
highly respecled throughout this vicinity. 

H. T. FRISBIE, dealer in Fine Dry Goods 

and C'arpetings. 25 .Market t^quare.Houlton, Me. — It is not 
a woiidermen' that the house whose card we print above 
Should be considered as a representative of its class in this 
vicinity, for it is controlled by a man who has had aa 
extended and varied experience in the business he con- 
ducts, and who spares neither pains nor expense to fully 
maintain the leading position which he has for some time 
held. The enterprise in question was inaugurated by >Ir. 
H. T. Frisbie in 1866, and has therefore been under the 
management of 'he present proprietor for the past quarter 
of a century. Mr. Frisbie is a native of Houl'on. and is 
very widely known and highly esteemed in this vicinity. 
The premises occupied are located at 25 Jlaiket square 
comprising two floors each 30x83 feet in dimensions, 
where the stock carried is not only heavy but complete 
and includes fine drj- gonds, and carpetings of every des- 
cription. Employment is given to three ci mpetent assist- 
ants and customers are served with promptness and 
courtesy. The ladies of Houlton have long since learned 
that when they wish to inspect the latest fashionable nov- 
elties this establishment is tlie place at which to find them, 
and also that both dry goods and carpetings. are offered 
at prices which will bear the strictest comparison with 
those asked elsewhere. The s'ock includes all grades, 
and some decided bargains are sure lo be found at this 
popular establishment. 

SNELL HOUSE, J. R. Kimball, Proprietor, 

Houlton, Me. — There is no question but that 'he standing 
of a town, among strangers at least, is largely dejiendent 
upon the character of ils hotel accommndations, and the 
excellent reputation of Houlton as a town to do business 
in, or to visit on a pleasure trip, is due in a great measure 
to the enterprise and lilierality shown in the management 
of its public housts. The Snell House occupies a promi- 
nent position among these establishments, for the pleas- 
antness and convenience of its li cation, as well as the 
excellence of the accommodations afforded, which com- 
mend it to the favorable attention of the most fastidious 
traveller. This house has forty sleeping rooms that are 
comfortably furnished and conveniently arranged and the 
house is lighted by electricitj'. The table is supplied with 
the best the market affords and the cooking is excellent. 
The service is prompt and obliging as fourtren capable 
assistants are employed that there may be no delay in the 
attendatce due to guestp. The terms of this house are 


•n^Tj reasonable, bolh to transient and permanent guests. 
"This house was established sometime since and conducted 
t)y Mr. Floyd, who was succeeded by Mr. Philbrick. It 
vras iu 1S88 that the present proprietor, Mr. J. R. Kimball 
assumed control, and the patronage he has secured is evi- 
<lence of his fitness for the position. He is a native of 
<;8lais. Me , and successfully conducted the St. Croix 
Exchange for five years. 

GILLIN BROTHERS, wholesale and retail 
'dealers in Meats, Groceries, Provisions, Crockery, Fiuit 
and Confectionery : manufacturers of Full Cream Chi ese ; 
-dealers in Hay and Short Lumber ; one door east of Post- 
Office, Houlton, Me. — A large proportion of our readers 
•<!an no doubt remember when " Groceries and West ludia 
^oods," was the regulation sign in front of every well- 
ordered grocery store, but of late years the number of 
articles comprited under the general head of "groceries," 
lias become so great that no effort is made to indicate the 
particular porlii n of the world from whence tLey came, 
the fact being that every climate and about every people 
are represented in the commodilie^ offered. A visit to 
«uchanestablifhment as that conducted byGillin Brothers, 
is sure to prove inleresting for here may be found an 
immense assortment of meals, groceries, provisions, crock- 
•ery, fruit and confectionery. They are manufacturers of 
rfull cream cheete and also dealers iu hay and short lumber. 
"This firm do an extensive wholesale and retail business 
and carry goods suited to all classes of trade. The prem 
ises made use of are 21x95 feet iu dimensions, thus giving 
ample opportunity for the accommodatiun <if a very large 
«lock, and it is evident at a glance that this oppcrluuity is 
fully improved. This enterprise was imiuguiaied by 
"Williams & Co., who were succeedeii in 1888 by the pres- 
•ent firm of James and D. H. Gilliii, both being natives of 
Houlton, S[e. They are widely and favorably known in 
'business and social circles. 

LANE & PEARCE, dealers in Dry and Fancy 
<Joods, Boots, Shoes, School Books and Stationery, Red 
Store, Houlton, Me. — The business conducted by Slessrs. 
Xiaiie & Pearce, was founded in 1878 by Mr. Samuel Lane 
and has long been looked upon as one of the most truly 
Tepresentative enterprises of the kind in Houlton. Since 
■pasting under the control ot the present firm in 1886, it 
has become more popular than ever, for not only has the 
-old reputation for square dealing been fully maintained 
but increased pains have been taken to keep the stock 
■complete in every department, to handle none but reliable 
goods and to quote prices as low as the lowest, while it is 
generally conceded that at no store of the kind in this 
^vicinity is the service more prompt, courteous and gener- 
4illy efficient. The premises are about 25x100 feet in dimen- 
-sioQS and no space is wasted either, for a heavy stock is 
•carried, comprising full lines otdry and fancy goods, boots 
and shoes, stationery, etc. This establishment is familiarly 
known as the Red Store to the residents of Houlton. Its 
proprietors, Messrs. Samuel Lane and Varney Pearce, 
Jieina; natives of Maine, and thoroughly familiar with the 
"bandling of the merchandise included in their stock, 
:-give close personal attention to the many details of their 
business. Two competent ass stants are employed, and 
"the goods are sold strictly on their merits, ever}' article 
being fully guaranteed to prove precisely as represented. 

JOHN BOYLE, Merchant Tailor, Court Street, 
Houlton, Me. — This establishment has long been a familiar 
■one to the residents of this town, for it was under way 
previous to 1862, when it was managed by Mr. Charles 
MoCrystle, who was succeeded in 1809 by the present pro- 
prietor. Mr. John Boyle. Those familiar with Mr. Boyle's 
methods of doing business need not be told that he pays 
more attention to performance than to promise, and every 
inlellisent man knows that it is not the business firm 
<liat makes the mo:t extravagant claims that maj' be 

depended upon to afford the best possible service. The 
experience of Mr. Boyle as a merchant tailor, and the rela- 
tions that have been so long continued with producers and 
wholesalers, enable him to procure his articles on favorable 
terms and to offer them at as low prict s as can be quoted 
on goods of equal merit. His stock contains a full assort- 
ment of woolens and suitings, embracing the new and 
fashionable styles of the season, which will be made up to 
order in the best style and at the lowest rate for the qual- 
ity of the goods and work. Mr. Boyle feels confident of 
giving satisfaction in every respect, and is pleased to show 
his goods and to assist with his knowledge in selecting 
material to the best advantage. Orders will receive 
prompt attenti<m, employment being given to six assist- 
ants, and with the close supervision of Mr. Boyle all tastes 
can be suited. 


HOUSE, M. L. Hutchinson, Proprietor, Houlton, Me — 
The enterprise conducted under the name of the Houlton 
Steam Laundry and D3'e House, is rapidly and steadily 
gaining in popularity and patronage umler its present 
management, and for reasons so obvious that they must 
be apparent even to the most careless observers. 'I he 
objections raised against the ordinary public laundries and 
dye houses, are that the work is sometimes only partially 
done, the goods are apt to be injured by chemicals or by 
improper handling, and the delivery is uncertain. None 
of these apply to the establishment in question, the pro- 
prietor of which guarantees perfect satisfaciion, and is 
prepared to carry out that guarantee to the letter. All 
kinds of work is received, for the establishment is 
equipped with the most improved machinery, skilled and 
careful assistants are employed, and in short the facilities 
at hand, are fully equal to the best. This enterprise was 
originated by Mr. Charles Holt, who was succeeded by the 
present proprietor, Jlr. M. L. Hutchinson in 1889. The 
premises occupied comprise two floors which are so 
admirably arranged as to obviate all confusion, and make 
any errors in the handling and delivery of work of very 
rare occurrence. Agencies are maintained at Presque Isle, 
Caribou, Fort Fairfield and Patten. Mr. Hutchinson 
gives close personal attention to the business and spates no 
pains to maintain the service at the very highest standard. 
Very reasonable rates are quoted in both the laundry and 
dyeing departments, and those who place a trial order at 
this establishment are sure to become regular natrons. 
Mr. Hutchinson also manufactures a very fine grade of 
wool mats. 

J. H. WINGATE, dealer in Boots, Shoes and 
Gents' Furnishings, 41 Market Square, Houlton, Me. — The 
most successful buyer is the one who discriminates the 
most successfully between "goods cheap" ami "cheap 
gocds," and it is just such a buyer who will find the most 
to admire in the assortment of hoots, shoes and gents' fur- 
nishings offered by Mr. J. H. Wingate at No 41 JIarket 
Square, for this gentleman carries on business on the 
"quick sales and small profits" system, and both his 
goods and his prices combine to form a very powerful 
argument in favor of patronizing his establishment. The 
residents of Hnulton and vicinity are too intelligent not to 
perceive the force of an argument of this kind, and the 
natural result is that his 'tore is a popular resort, and is 
gaining in favor daily. It was oriBinall)' started by Mr. 
L. Stevens, who was succeeded by Mr. Harry Jaclcins. and 
he by the firm of Webber & Wingate in 1887, the present 
proprietor a-sumine entire control of the business in 1888. 
Mr. .1. H. Wingate is a native of Hallowell, Me and is thor- 
oughly conversant with his business in every detail. He 
gives personal attention to customers, and employs sufli- 
cient assistance to enable him to fill all orders without 
delay. The premises made use of are 25x60 feet in dimen^ 
sions, and contain among other things, the largest and 
most complete line of boots and shoes in town. All feet 
can be fitted ; all tastes can be suited : and as for the 
prices, why, call and see for yourself. 



S. H. POWERS, manufacturer and dealer in 
Furniture, Mattresses, Picture Frames, Caskets, Coffins, 
Robes, etc. ; Warerooms, East of Post office, JIain Street, 
Houllon, Me. — It is undoubtedly true tliat house furnish- 
ing goods are cheaper to day than they ever were before 
and that about every man can now furnish his home com- 
fortably and even handsomely, but it is also true that 
many practically worthless goods are in the market and 
thai the only safe course to take is to place orders with a 
dealer who lias proved himself to be worthy of every con- 
fidence. In this connection we may very properly cull 
attention to the establishment conducted by 51r. tS. H. 
Powers, whose warerooms are located on Main street, east 
of post-office, for this gentleman is a manufacturir as well 
as dealer in furniture, mattresses, picture frames, caskets, 
coffins, robes, etc., and carries a large and exceptionally 
complete stock, and during the twenty-six years that he 
has carried on business he has attained a well deserved 
reputation for representing things just ;is tliey are ard for 
quoting the lowest market rates in every department of 
his business. Operations were begun by hiui in 186.5 at 
Houlton, he being foimerly engaged in business at Pretque 
Isle, Me. The premises now utilized by Mr Powers com- 
prise three floors each 34x108 feet in ilinienb-ions, the 
front part of the second floor being u>ed as bis residence. 
Mr. Powers is a native of Blue Hill, Jle. Ho served in 
the army during our late war. and is highly respected 
among the enterprising business men of ihi^ vicinity. He 
does an extensive business and const;inlly cnriies a com- 
plete stock. Orders are acted upon without delay and 
moderate charges are made under all circumstances. 

H. C. BRADBURY, Groceries and Meat, near 
Depot, Houlton, Me. — The business conducted bj' Mr. H. 
C. Bradbury has been carrieil on just aliout thirty years, 
having been founded in 1861 liy Messrs. B;iker & Brad- 
bury, who were succeeded the same year bv Me.'*srs. II. C. 
and T. M. Bradbury. From 18().i to 1867 Mr. H. ('. 
Bradbury was in the express business, and from 
1867 to 1870 was proprietor and manager of a large lundu r 
mill, but in 1870 he resumed connection with the grocery 
and provision business as a member of the firm of Nor- 
cross ifc Bradbury, assuming sole control the following 
year, or in 1871. so that for the past score of years he has 
been sole proprietor. Mr. Bradbury does not give exclu- 
sive attention to the handling of groceries and meats, but 
controls a half-interest in a lumber mill and starch mill at 
Gary. J[e., under the firin-nanie of Norton & Bradlmry, 
carrying on an extensive commission business in potatoes 
and lumber. The starch mill is located nine miles from 
Houlton on the Calais road. His store is located near the 
Houlton depot and is largely pationized ; a large and com- 
plete slock of groceries and meats being constantly rarried, 
low prices being quoted and prompt attention given to nil, 
as two competent assistants are employed. Mr. Bradbury 
is a native of New Limerick, Jle., has held the position of 
county treasurer, and dirring his long and honorable busi- 
ness career has become one of the best-known merchants 
and manufacturers in this portion of the State. 

C. F. ROSS, Merchant Tailor, Opera House 
Block, Houlton, Me. — Wonderful improvements have been 
made in ready-mtide clothing of late years, without a doubt, 
but to assert that the very best ready-made garments are 
as desirable as good custom clothing is as absurd as it 
would be to try to prove that twice two are five, for it is 
so obvious as not to require demonstration, that garments 
made to order are sure to fit better, wear better, and, in 
short give better satisfaction in every w.ay than those 
made to fit everybody. Tnat many residens of Houlton 
and vicinity are convinced of this fact is shown by the lib- 
eral patronage accorded Mr. C. F. Ross, and we take 
pleasure in calling attention to his facilities, for we kniw 
that he has bofi the determination and the ability to thor- 
oughly satisfy eveiy reasonable custcmer. The business 

with which he is identified was founded in 1886 by Jlr. H. 
G. Fuller, and passed under the control of the present 
owner in. 1888. Mr. Ross was born in Houlton, and haa 
had a long and varied experience in fine custom tailoiing. 
He gives personal attention to orders and as he employ* 
twelve assistants, he is in a position to ext cute commis- 
sions at short notice, while his charges are uniformlj mod- 
erate. The premises occupied are located in Opera Houte 
Block, and mtasure 20x80 feet, affording ample room lor 
the carrying of a complete as-ortment of foreign and 
doraesiic fabrics, comprising the latest fashionable novel- 
lie.-. The liudiug manulaciurers sre. represented, and the 
gdods are guaranteed to prove precisely what they are, 
claimed to be in every respect. 

M. M. KEATON,, tu.wufacturer of Doors,, 
Sash, Mouldings, etc.. Planing, Turning. Jig and Band 
Sawing done to order ; Nortii end of Bridge, Houlton, 
Me. — We speak of a house being "built," nowadays the 
same we always did, but as a mailer of fact, most liouses 
are more ■■ put together," at the present time than they 
are " built," for both the exterior and the interior fitting* 
are made by machinery, in great factories, and the builder 
has simply to choose the patterns best suited to his pur- 
pose, and see that they are properly arranged and dis- 
tributed about the structure. Nothing is lost by this- 
praciice, and a great deal is gained, for a much better 
house can be erected for a given sum of money to-day 
than was ever before the case. One of the hestkcown 
manufacturers of doors, sash, mouldings, etc., in this 
vicinity, is Jlr. il. M. Keatcm. The bu-iness now con- 
ducted by him was originally started liy Messrs. D. and F. 
W. Gerow, who were succeeded by the firm of Bradbury 
& Kealon, the present proprietor assuming entire control 
of the business in 1876. Sir. M, ,M. Keaton is a native of 
Houllon and has a very large circle of fiiends and patrons 
throughout this vicinity. His mills are located at the 
north end of bridge, comprising three floors, each measur- 
ing 2.1X60 feet. Every facility is at hand for Ihe manu- 
facture of doors, sash, moiddings. etc.; also for planing, 
turning, jig and band sawing, which is done to order in. 
the most satisfactory manner. Mr. Keaton does an exten- 
sive business, both wholesale and reiail in character. He 
has the repulation of selling reliable goods at bottom 
figures, and as he is prompt in the delivery of orders at all 
times, it is not surprising Ihat his establishment should 
rank with the most popular in this section. 

MONAHAN BROS., dealers in Meat, Groceries, 
Tobacco, Cigars. Fruit, Confectionery and Canned Goods,^ 
Houlton. Me. — Although it may seem as if information 
regarding meat, groceries, etc., was hardly called for, 
there being so large a number of these establishments to- 
be found ihrouahout every community, still for this very 
reatiim we believe that the public will appreciate being 
told that Ihcre may be found a strictly reliable 
of this kind, as unlbrtnnately, all of them cannot truib- 
fully be so described. We are confident that those who 
may favor Messrs. Monahan Broiherswilh their patronage 
will have no occasion to regret having done so, for these' 
gentlemen carry on oneof the best equipped establishments- 
in Houlton, and propose to do all in their power to fully 
satisfy their customers. The establishment in question 
was originally founded bj' Mr. G. H. Walker, who was- 
succeeded by the present firm in 1887. The premises- 
occupied cover an area of about 3,000 square feet, and a 
verj- finely selected stock of meats, groceries, tobacco and 
cigars, as well as fruits, confectionery and canned goods, 
is constantly on hand and are supplied at the lowest 
market rates. The large retail trade transacted by this 
firm require the services of thoroughly competent assist- 
ants. All orders are accurately filled and promptly 
delivered, perfect satisfaction being guaranteed to every 
patron. Messrs. E. C. & W. H. Slonahan are both naiivea 
of New Limerick, Me., and are well known among Houl- 
ton's enterprising business men. 



LINS proprLet( r ; dealer in Monuments, Headstones, Tab- 
lets, etc., in Marble and Granite ; No. 17 Water Street, 
Houlton, Me. — Mr. Collins is a manulacturer of and dealer 
in cemetery work of all descriptions, and is prepared to 
furnish monnraents, beadstones, etc., at short notice, and 
at remarkably low rates. He generally has a tine selection 
of finished work on band, including monuments of marble 
and granite, and has a very extensive assortment of designs 
•which he is prepand to curry out at short notice, and to 
modify to suit the tastes and means of his customers. It 
is hardly necessary to say that monumental work must be 
executed in a first class manner in order to be at all 
acceptable, for nothing looks more out of place than 
cheaply and unskillfully constructed cemetery work. The 
advantages of using granite for monuments has only been 
appreciated within the past few years, but as they become 
better known this material grows rapidly in favor. This 
stone varies greatly in color and is capable c^f receiving 
superior finish and polish. It is often t elected above all 
other stones by those of excellent taste and judgment. 
Mr. Collins will give personal attention to the taste and 
desires of customers, and everj' effort will be made to give 
satisfaction in regard to the style and price of all work. 

FRANK L. COOK, dealer in Books, Station- 
ery and Art Goods, Room Papers, Curtains, etc , Picture 
Framing, Musical Instruments ; First National Bank 
Building, Houlton, Me. — In a book intended for the 
people, as tliis is, all information as to how homes may be 
made beautiful at small expense, cannot fail to be of inter- 
est, hence we need otter no apology for calling attention to 
the fine display of goods made by Mr. Frank L. Cook at his 
■well-known establishment, for there is nothing capable of 
BO thoroughly changing the appearance of a rocm, or of an 
entire house, for that matter, as broks and art goods. 
Mr. Cook otters a very skillfully felecKd assortment to 
choose from, and whether you wish to purchase a new 
picture or have an old one re framed, a large and fine 
variety will be found at the es-tablishnicut in question, and 
as the prices are as low as the lowest no one should neglect 
visiting this store. Books and stationery of all kinds ure 
extensively dealt in, and comprise the latest publication in 
books, the most novel designs in stationeiy and urt goods, 
as well as an extensive assortment nf room papers, window 
shades, Turcoman draperies, Nottingham and Irish point 
lace curtains, Madras curtains, drapery poles, etc. Mr. 
Cook makes a srecially of house furnishings, and no one 
in need of goods in that line can fail to satisfy themselves 
at his establishment. Draperies of special designs to 
match carpets and furniture will be ordered from the 
largest houses in Boston and New York at shoit notice. 
Mr. Cook has had several years' experience in the musical 
icstrumenl trade, and anyone in want of a piano or organ 
can save money tiy consulting him. The enterprise in 
question was started in 1889 by the present proprietor, 
■who is a native of Maine. Competent assistants are 
employed and a prosperous retail business is done. Mr. 
Cook has shown both liberality and foiesigbt in the man- 
agement of his busimss, and fully deserves his success. 

WM. C. DONNELL, Insurance Agent, Market 
Square, Houlton, Me. — There are few insurance agencies 
in this section of the State that can show such a record as 
that held by the one carried on by Mr. Wm. C. Donnell 
on Market square, for although this agency has been under 
the management of its present proprietor only fifteen 
years, the amount of business now done will compare 
favorably with that transacted by many concerns of much 
longer standing. The cause of this exceptional success is 
no secret, for fjusiness men are quick to appreciate able 
and faithful service, and it is generally conceded that no- 
insurance agency in Houlton is more prompt and pains- 
taking in looking after the interests of its patrons. Then, 
again, the list of companies represented is unsurpassed, 
for there is not one of them but what has proved itself 
worthy of absolute confidence, and some of the leading 
foreign companies are acted for as well as the most promi- 
nent home organizations. We give the list below, and are 
sure that our readers will agree that what we have said 
concerning it. is fully justified bytfie facts. It is as fol- 
lows : Home Insurance Co. of New York ; Niagara Insu- 
rance Co. of New York ; American Insurance Co. of Ne^w 
York ; National Insurance Co. of Hartford, Conn.; Orient 
Insurance Co. of Hartford, Conn.; Springfield Insurance 
Co. of Springfield, Mass. ; Imperial Insurance Co. of Lon- 
don, Eng. ; City of London Insurance Co. of London, Eng.j 
Guardian Insurance Co. of London, Eng. ; Fire Insurance- 
Co. of Philadelphia, Pa. ; People's Insurance Co. of Man- 
chester, N. H. ; iSIerchants Insurance Co. of Newark, N. 
J.; California Insurance Co. of i^an Francisco, Cal.; 
Mechanics and Traders Insurance Co. of New Orleans, 
La. Jlr. Donnell is prepared to effect insurance' to any 
amount, and promptly adjust and pay losses at his ofliice. 
He is a native of Houlton, and is cashier of the First 
National Bank of this town. He is widely known in thia 
vicinity, and is regarded as competent authority in all 
insurance matters. 

THE RAYMOND CO., dealers in Crockery, 
Glass, Tin and Silverware, 5 and 10 Cent Gords. Manu- 
facturers of all kinds of Hair Work, Court St., Houlton, Me. 

This company was originally staited by Mr. L. C. Ray- 
mond, who was succeeded in 1886 by The A. H. Raymondi 
Coropan3', and who in 1890 was succeeded by The Ray- 
mond Co., and u at the present time kno^wn as the Ray- 
mond Co. 

The establishment occupied is centrally located, and 
covers an area of some 1200 square f( et, and is under the 
general management of Ltwis C. Raymond. 

Fir>>l Dcparliiieiil. 

Is the manufacturing of human hair goods, such as- 
switches, puffs, curip, frizzes, and wigs, for both ladies- 
and gents. Jlrs. Raymond is one O'f the finest work- 
women this side of Europe, and has had some tighteei* 
years experience in the business. Orders are received 
from all parts of the States, and as far south as Ste^wart, 
Va. Prices are within the reach of all and orders by mail 
will receive prompt attention. 

Second Dcparlmoiil. 

House furnishing goods, such as crockery, glass, tin and 
silverware, notions, jewelry, five and ten-cent counters. 

Third Deparliiiciil. 

Furniture, organs, sewing machines, sold for cash, or 
on the installment plan. A good big discount for all casl» 
buyers, that \>ill suiprise them, so that they will almost 
jump out of their shoes. 

Fourth Dcparlmeiil. 

Organs and sewing machines cleaned and repaired at 
lowest living prices. 

Fifth Deparliiiciil. 

General commission merchants, in selling all kinds ot 
goods. Court street, Houlton, Me. 



L. MONSON & SON, dealers in Meats and 
■Oroceries ; also, " Our Own Make " Fine Sausage, Propri- 
■etors of West End Bakery. All goods delivered free of 
■charge. Houlton, Me. — In collecling information relating 
to the leading business men of Houlton, it very soon 
became manifett tliat Messrs. L. Monson & Son, would 
have to be included in any account of such, for evidences 
were found on every side to indicate that these gentle- 
men were fairly entitled to the honor, and that as regards 
enterprise and popularity, they occupy a high position in 
the trade circle. The enterprise now conducted by them 
-was originally established in 1865 by Mr. L. Monson, and 
in 1888, his son, Mr. A. B. Monson, was admitted to the 
business, since which date the firm-name has been L. 
SJonson & Son. A most extensive and flourishing retail 
^rade has been built up. and premises of the dimensions of 
30x63 feet are occupied. Meats and groceries of all kinds 
are handled, and whether any or both of these commod- 
ities are wanted, this establishment will be found a most 
desirable place at which to procure the same, as the assort- 
ment is large, the quality excellent, and the prices low. 
Id addition to their retail meat and grocery trade, Messrs. 
Menson & Son make a fine grade of sausage, and are the 
proprietors of the West End Bakery. Three competent 
and courteous assistants are employed, and those who may 
favor these gentlemen with their patronage will have every 
Teason to cordially subscribe to all that we have stated, 
•concerning their business methods, for their motto, 
" Good goods at reasonable prices," is strictly lived up to. 
Messrs. L. and A. B Monson are both natives of Houlton, 
*nd Mr. L. Monson served in the army during our late 
■Southern war. 

HIRAM SMITH & CO., dealers in Flour, 
<3rain. Mill Feeds, Groceries. Teas, Coffees, etc.; Corn 
of all kinds a specialty : Houlton, Me. — The prices of 
such standard commodities as those handled by Messrs. 
Hiram Smith & Co., do not vary at different stores so 
much as do those quoted on less staple articles, but there 
is apt to be a variation in quality if not in price, and there- 
"fore it is well to obtain them from a dealer who is reputa- 
ble as well as enterprising. Mr. Smith, the senior partner. 

is a native of Phillips, Maine. He founded his piesent 
business at Houlton in 1888, and has built up a large retail 
trade, being prepared to fill the heaviest orders at short 
notice. The premises occupied are centrally located and 
comprise two floors, each measuring some 1500 square feet, 
which contain an immense stock of flour, grain and mill 
feeds, as well as groceries, teas, coffees, etc., ihese goods 
being of guaranteed quality and quoted at the lowest pre- 
vailing rates. Mr. Smith makes a specialty of corn of all 
kinds, and those requiring flour for family use would do 
well to place an order with him, for he handles the most 
popular brands, and the goods will turely give satisfaction. 
All orders by mail will receive as immediate and careful 
attention as those given in person. We would, therefore, 
advise those who have not already done so, to call at this 
establishment and inspect the goods and prices. 

I. W. GOULD, dealer in Groceries and 
Provisions, Houlton, Me. — We confess that we don't know 
how long the store now occupied by Mr. I. W. Gould, at 
Houlton has been utilized for the sale of groceries and 
provisions, for it was founded by Mr. J. L. Carney, who 
was succeeded by Mr. Gould, but we do know that its 
present genial proprietor has been in possession since 1878. 
Under Mr. Gould's liberal and skillful management, how- 
ever, the establishment has attained a popularity that it 
never knew before, and to those who want first-class gro- 
ceries and provisions, and prompt and courteous attention, 
we would say that here is the place to get them. Mr. 
Gould was born in Brownville, Me., and is well known 
throughout Houlton and vicinity. He has worked hard 
to build up his present business and certainly deserves all 
the patronage he receives. He occupies well arranged 
premises and employs active and competent assistants, and 
is in a position to promise satisfactory service to all. The 
stock carried is one that would do honor to a much more 
pretentious establishment, for it is complete in every 
detail and comprises a fine assortment of staple and fancy 
groceries, and a full assortment of provisions of all kinds. 
Famil)" flour is of course very largely handled and is sup- 
plied by the bag or barrel at prices that cannot fail to 

Bird's Eye View in 1891. 


It is a favorite saying that Caribou has as much energy to the square inch as any other town ii» 
the United States, and when we consider that Caribou has grown more rapidly than any other I;uge 
Aroostook town and bear in mind the fact that the growth of Aroostook County in population and 
valuation within the past decade has been eo phenomenal as to have challenged the attention of the- 
nation, it is not at all difficult to accept that saying as the plain, unvarnished truth. The residents of 
Caribou are not only energetic, but are public-spirited and united also, and as they have the most 
implicit confidence in the future of their town they do not hesitate to vote large sums of money for 
the development of local resources. Many practical examples of their liberality in this respect n)igl)t 
be cited but one will suffice, and that the voting of $2,000 per year for twenty years to secure the 
building of a dam across the Aroostook River. This is an enormous outlay for such a toven as Cariboa 
but it is that kind of liberality which is really the truest economy and it furnishes an impressive rebuke 
to the " penny wise and pound foolish " policy which is the curse of too many New England communities. 
Many substantial advantages have already been gained by the building of this dam and if any of 
Caribou's residents had doubts of the wisdom of its construction they must already have been dissi- 
pated. As this is by far the most important of the public works carried out in Caribou up to the 
present time, we will refer to it in detail in another portion of this sketch. 

The location of Caribou has been described as "very remote and yet extremely favorable" and 
there is considerable justice in this description, although so far as " remoteness " is concerned Caribou'a 
location is superior to that of many other Aroostook towns, its possession of railway facilities bringing 


Tit practically much nearer the great distributing and trade centres than many towns considerably 
iiearer to them, reckoning by actuil distance. Caribou is situated in the northeastern part of Aroostook 
■County and is bounded on the north by Connor, on the east by Limestone and Fort Fairfield, on the 

-eoutU by Presque Isle, and on the west by New Sweden, Woodland and Washburn. It is 54 miles 
north-northwest of Houlton and is the terminus of a stage route from that town, via Presque Isle, 
«tage lines running also to New Sweden, Van Buren and Perham. Caribou is on the New Brunswick 
Railway, and being at the extremity of the long loop formed by that road in its line from Presque 
Isle to Fort Fairfield is about midway between those points by rail. Its area is the same as that of 
those towns, both being double townships and Caribou comprising what were formerly Forestville 
Plantation and Lyndon, or "H" and "I" townships and Eaton grant. The town is twelve miles long 
and six miles wide, and its surface, soil and climate are all highly favorable to agriculture, Caribou 
tieing one of the best farming towns in the country. It is in the centre of a vast and highly productive 

-agricultural region and profits by that fact both directly and indirectly although the present profit is 
but an earnest of what may reasonably be expected in the near future. The township is excellently 
watered and contains many valuable water powers in addition to the truly magnificent one affordtd 
hy the damming of the Aroostook River. This stream enters the township at a point near its southeast 

-corner, passes up through the southern half to the centre of the town, then turns abruptly to the south- 
east and passes out, crossing the eastern boundary line at a point a little south of its middle. Caribou 
Stream Hows into the town from the west and empties into the Aroostook River at Caribou Village, 
near the centre of the town, while the Little Madawaska River enters the township from New Sweden, 
passes out into Connor on the north, re-enters Caribou after making a small loop and flows east and 
then south, finally joining the Aroostook River a short distance from Caribou's eastern boundary. 
Both the Caribou and the Madawaska furnish excellent power for saw, shingle, grist and woolen mills, 
and their waters have been utilized for such purposes for many years, the first grist and saw mills 
having been built in 1 844, a year after the settlement of the town. It is said that the Caribou Stream is 
made to do as much work as any water-course of its size in the State, and this may readily be believed, 
there being four dams across it within a distance of a half a mile from the village. There are excellent 
mill privileges on the Little Madawaska River, some two miles east of the village. Mills have also 
been located on Otter Brook and there are other small streams capable of affording power to a limited 
extent. But all tlie small water powers in town are as nothing compared with that furnished by the 

-damming of the Aroostook River, this being conceded to be the finest water power in the country, 
east of the Penobscot River. We have referred to the great enterprise, determination and confidence 
exhibited by the residents of Caribou in pledging $2,000 a year for twenty years to secure this vastly 
important public improvement and a brief description of it may properly be given in order that non- 
residents may be able to form some idea of what Caribou is doing to promote her interests and attract 
manufacturers. The following facts are official having been furnished by Mr. H. M, Heath, business 
manager of the company that furnished the dam and the water works. AVe copy from the Indus- 
trial Journal oi Bangor, — a paper that has done and is doing much to promote the interests of 
this section : 

"The dam was built by Thos. J. Emery of Waterville, a veteran at the business. It is 500 feet 
long, 14 feet high and 48 feet wide at base. It is constructed of hemlock in lower part and cedar 
above with hackmatack gates and gateways. The entire dam is planked with six inch birch plank 
600,000 feet of hemlock logs were used and from 800,000 to 900,000 feet of lumber in all, also 15,000 
tons of ballast and 40 tons of iron. There are six gates, three on each side of the river, with pro- 
tection piers at each end. One end of the dam is bedded to the ledge, and the other extends into the 
bank 50 feet. The dam is most thoroughly and substantially built and makes the finest water power 
east of the Penobscot River. It is perfectly safe to say that an average horse power of more than 
3,000 is secured, as by actual computation at the time of the test, above 7,000 horse power was running 

-over the dam. This is ample for any and all purposes, and pulp mills, lumber mills, cotton or woolen 

smills, with numberless smaller manufactories can be driven from this dam. The pond made by this 

-^iam is six miles long, and the New Brunswick Railway, which runs along by the side of the river has 



tad to be graded up from two to four feet for nearly that distance. The New Brunswick Railway 
Oo., has offered to put in side tracks for any manufactory established on the east side of the river, and 
if manufactories should be established on the west side, they would cross the river for their accommo- 
-dation. The railway now passes within 100 feet of the dam. On the west side there is a plateau 
below the dam one-half mile long and 600 feet wide, most admirably adapted for the establishment of 

The Water Power of Caribou. 

The dam was completed in 1889, and the fact that seventy-five new buildings were erected in 
•Caribou Village that year shows that private and public enterprise go hand in hand. Tne village is 
very favorably situated for a system of water works and those now in use were furnished by the same 
parties who built the dam, and as regards reliability and efficiency are unsurpassed in the entire State. 
The entire plant cost about $100,000 of which $35,000 represents the cost of the dam alone. Most of 
the village lies in the valley of Caribou Stream and to the north of it is a hill more than 200 feet high, this 
being the site of the standpipe, which is thirty feet in diameter, twenty-nine feet high and has a capacity of 
160,000 gallons. It is about three-quarters of a mile from the pumping station at the dam and is con- 
nected there with an eight inch iron main pipe ; the other main pipes being six inches in diameter. 
Numerous hydrants are located throughout the village and so well arranged that four or live streams 
can be thrown on to any business block. An impressive showing of the efficiency of the water works 
as a means of protection against loss by fire was made at a public exhibition given shortly after their 
completion. The fire alarm was sounded and in less than two minutes five streams were directed 
towards King Block, just ninety seconds having passed from the time of the giving of the alarm. 
Five steady streams were thrown fifty feet above the roof of the block and with a pressure of 100 
pounds horizontal streams were thrown 187 feet by actual measurement, while the perpendicular 
streann were estimated to rise fully 150 feet. The aggregate quantity of water thrown was something 
immense, and it is difficult to conceive of a fire in any Caribou building that could not be promptly 
and effectually squelched by the means now at the disposal of the town. A Holmes water wheel fur. 
nishes the motive power for the pumps, which was furnished by the George F. Blake Manufacturing 
Company, of Boston. It is duplex, has twelve-inch cylinders, eight-inch main and six-inch pipe and 


has a nominal capacity of 1,000,000 gallons in 24 hours, but can furnish half as much again if necessary. 
The water wheel is rated at 140 horse power but only about one half that amount is required to supply- 
water enough for present consumption. This large reserve of power and the uniform reliability of 
the water works up to the present lime under all circumstances, amply justify the confidence reposefE. 
in the system and reflects the highest credit on the skill and judgment of those who devised and con- 
structed it. From a sanitary as well as from an economic point of view the importance of an abundant- 
supply of pure running water can scarcely be over-estimated and the citizens of Caribou may well con- 
gratulate themselves on the excellence of the service they enjoy. The fire department is thoroughly- 
organized, well equipped with hose and so forth, of the most improved type, and excellently managed^ 
Mr. H. D. Collins being the efficient chief engineer. It is to be hoped that a long time will elapse- 
before its mettle will be tried by any serious conflagration but there is every reason to believe- 
that it will render a good account of itself even under the most unfavorable circumstances. 

Of course Caribou possesses a first class electric-light plant, for it would be strange indeed if bo 
enterprising a community had failed to avail itself of the many advantages of the modern illuminant. 
The Caribou Electric Light Company utilizes the Mather incandescent system and supplies sevtralt 
hundred lights, the larger stores etc., of the village being brilliantly illuminated. The standing of 
the town as a trade centre is already high and local trale interests are steadily developing, for the- 
advantages possessed by Caribou merchants enable them to offer inducements which draw custom fronk 
all the country adjacent, and no small share of their success in this respect is due to the legitimate- 
and honorable methods followed, "full value for money received" being the foundation upon which 
their trade has been established. The leading commercial and industrial enterprises of the town are- 
treated of in detail in the pages following this sketch and a careful reading of the articles in questiort 
will enable orders to be placed more intelligently and to better advantage than would otherwise be- 
possible. Caribou is one of the principal shipping points for potatoes and shingles, and a goodly pro- 
portion of the out of town trade enjoyed by local houses is due to this fact. With the further 
development of the almost unlimited resources of the adjacent country and the great improvement 
in railway facilities which is sure to be made before many years, the shipments at Caribou will reaeb- 
so immense an amount that those of the past and present, large as they have been and are, will seen*- 
insignificant by comparison; and it is also an indisputable fact that direct railway communication over 
American soil to tide- water will act jiowerfully and quickly in the development of Caribous' manufac- 
turing possibilities. As yet these have not begun to be availed of on any large scale, for although 
there are varied and important manufactures carried on in the town the wide field open here is so- 
sparsely occupied as to seem almost empty. The more important Caribou industries include the- 
manufacture of starch, lumber, doors, sash and blindr^, woolen goods, carriages, flour and meal, harnesses, 
clothing, cheese, etc., and there are also well equipped foundries and machine shops, blacksmiths' shops, 
etc. There is an excellent opening here for one or more of the great pulp mills now being established 
throughout New England in general and Maine in particular and lumber, cotton, woolen and other 
mills could be established here under favorable conditions, the townspeople individually and as a com- 
munity being prepared to warmly welcome such enterprises and give them all reasonable aid, while 
the railway company will lay sidings free of expense and spare no pains to furnish satisfactory trans- 
portation facilities. In this connection it is pertinent to note that there is an energetic Board of Trade 
in Caribou, made up of representative bu>iness men, and ready and willing to meet any responsible- 
party half-way in enterprises calculated to add to the prosperity of the community as a whole. Mr, 
Albe Holmes is president, and Mr. Calvin B. Roberts is secretary of this organization, and capitalists 
and others wishing absolutely reliable information concerning the business opportunities at Cariboa 
may obtain it by corresponding with the latter gentlemen, all communications addressed to C.B. Roberts^ 
Secretary Board of Trade, Caribou, Maine, being assured immediate and painstaking attention. There 
is none of that pettiness and small jealousy in Caribou which hinders the development of far too many 
communities, the leading business men being united in their efforts to advance the common interests- 
of the town and fully appreciating the fact that there is room enough and to spare for all practical men> 
having capital and brains who may choose to identify themselves with this enterprising community- 



The New High School. 

The towns-people are sociable as well as energetic and industrious, and there are various associations 
an town including several Masonic Societies, an Odd Fellow Lodge, a Grand Arnay Post, and several 
fraternal organizations such as the Knights of Pythias and the New England Order of Protection. 
Another and still stronger advantage offered by Caribou as a place of residence is that afforded by 
Tthe excellence of the local schools, they being very liberally supported and being unsurpassed in point 
-of practical efficiency by any in eastern Maine. They are very largely attended also, the number of 

scholars being larger than that of any 
other town in the county. The High 
School building erected in 1890 at an 
expense of $14,000 is a model edifice of 
the kind and the school itself is one in 
which every public spirited citizen may 
well take pride, the principal, W. S. 
Knowlton, A. M., being one of Maine's 
leading educators, and the course of 
instruction being comprehensive, valuable 
and practical in the true sense of that much 
abused word. The local religious societies 
include organizations of Baptists, Free 
Baptists, Congregationalists, Methodists, 
Universalists, Episcopalians and Catholics, 
and prominent among the church edifices 
is St. Luke's Episcopal Church, erected 
several years ago and having seating 
accommodations for 150. It is a taste- 
fully designed and well constructed building 25 x 55 feet in dimensions. 

We have several times referred to the high position held by Caribou as a farming town and the 
subject is of sufficient importance to warrant our giving a few details concerning it, especially as the 
mere statement that agriculture is extensively and profitably carried on here will convey but little idea 
-of the true condition of affairs to those familiar with ordinary New England farming. The prevailing 
rock within the township is limestone, and the soil is a dark, rich loom which yields heavy crops of 
■potatoes, wheat and oats. Aroostook County potatoes are far too widely and favorably known to need 
any eulogy in these columns, and if any one doubts that there is money to be made by their intelligent 
•cultivation he makes a most decided mistake, as will be seen by the following examples of what has 
actually been done in this line : Mr. J. B. Southerland lives about three miles from Caribou Village 
and is one of those farmers who believe that farming, like all other industries, is a progressive art and 
that hard and intelligent effort and liberal but judicious expenditures are essential to pronounced 
success in it. In 1890 he sold from thirteen acres of land $1300 worth of potatoes, besides using 
all required by his own family and putting aside enough to plant fifteen acres. After paying for 
phosphate, labor, etc., he had §800 left as the net income from that thirteen acres of land. Another 
enterprising and successful farmer is Mr. E. A- Goodwin, who lives four miles from Caribou Village. 
In 1890 he sold 1900 barrels of potatoes from nineteen acres of land for $2,500. He saved 90 barrels 
for seed and after paying all bills found that he had cleared about §1500. Certainly that kind of farm- 
ing pays; there is no reason why men should toil from sunrise to sunset on the stony hill-farms of New 
England to gain a bare livelihood when such opportunities are open to them in Caribou and vicinity. 

The growth of that town since its incorporation, April 5, 1859, has been rapid and of late years 
•wonderfully so, it having nearly doubled during the past decade while its valuation considerably, more 
-than doubled. In 1870 the population was 1,410 ; in 1880, 2,756, and in 1890, 4,087 ; while in 1870 the 
valuation was $155,702; in 1880, $337,388; and in 1890, $780,439. These figures are obtained from oflicial 
BOiirces and are therefore as reliable as such figures can be, and they tell the story of Caribou's develop- 
■ment so plainly and completely that they form a most fitting conclusion to this brief sketch of one of 
the most promising towns in by far the most rapidly developing county of the Pine Tree State. 

Representative Business Men of Caribou, Me. 


Required and Paid-up Capital, $50,000; Authorized Cap- 
ital, .§1,000,000; Caribou, Me.— The Aroostook Trust and 
Banking Company was incorporated by special act of the 
legislature in 1889, as a result of the efforts of several 
energetic business men and public spirited citizens actu- 
ated by the conviction that this section of the State was in 
need of additional banking facilities and that such facil- 
ities could best be furnished by an association of men 
thoroughly identified with local enterprises and thoroughly 
conversant with local needs and resources. The simple 
fact that the valuation of Aroostook county has nearly 
doubled during the past ten years is of itself enough to 
show that a phenomenally rapid development is going 
on and that it is the part of wisdom not to depend upon 
facilities, excellent in their time and excellent now so far 
as they go, but quite inadequate to accommodate the 
demands of the present day. In short, the idea of the 
promoters of this company was to provide a service which 
should supplement and not supersede that pieviously 
enjoyed, a service capable of great expansion, comprehen- 
sive in its scope, well considered in every detail, and of so 
efficient a character as to be assured the support of all 
classes. The company has a required and paulup capi- 
tal of )^.50.000and is nuthorized to increase it to $1,000,000, 
so that it is thoroushly well prepared to extend ils opera 
tions as occasion may require and to easily keep pace with 
the rapidly increasing demand which is a necesssiry conse- 
quence of the constant development practically assured to 
this section of the State by exi-ting conditions. The com- 
pany is empowered to do a general banking business, to 
act as a^ent and trustee for corporations and individuals, 
and to execute legal trusts. Every accommodation, con- 
sistent with prudent banking, is extended to its customers 
and it enjoys the confidenre and support of the public to 
an exceptional degree. The representative character of 
the institution may be judged from the following list of 
officers : president and treasurer, George I. Trickey ; 
vice president, J. Cary, M. D. ; secretary, C. B. Jlargos- 
8oa. Trustees : George I. Trickey, J Cary, M. D., S. 
W Collins, L. C. Stearns, L. W. Sawin, W. C. Spaulding, 
Samuel Taylor, John P. Donworth, W. H. Gray. 

W. C. SPAULDING, dealer in Hardware, 

Paints and Oils, Iron, Steel, Stoves and Tin Ware, Glass, 
Sash and Doors, Caribou, Me. — In every city or town 
there are certain mercantile enterprises which by reason 
of their long standing, able management and high reputa- 
tio-i are conceded by all to hold the leading position in 
their special line, and just such an enterprise is that con- 

ducted by Mr. W. C. Spaulding. He is a native of Buck- 
field, Me., and is to-day unquestionably one of the best- 
known men in the county in both business and sociaB 
circles. Mr. Spaulding has held the position of towa 
clerk, and has been engaged in active business here in 
Caribou for about a score of years, having inaugurated his 
present enterprise in 1872. He is a dealer in hardware, 
paints and oils, iron, steel, stoves and tin ware, glass, 
sash and doors, and some idea of the magnitude of 
the business and the size of the stock carried may be 
gained from the fact that the premises made use of com- 
prise three floors, each 26x10.5 feet in dimensions, giving 
a total floor-space of more than 8000 square feet. The 
assortment of the various articles we have mentioned is 
exceptionally complete and as the goods (especially the 
paints and oils) are very carefully selected and obtained 
from the most reliable sources, they will give the best of 
satisfaction, as indeed is well known to all who have 
placed orders with th's representative house. Employ- 
ment is given to four assistants, and both large as well as 
small orders are assured prompt as well as careful atten- 

S. W. COLLINS & SON, Manufacturers of and 
dealers in Long and Short Lumber, and General Merchan- 
dise, Caribou, Me — It is nearly half a century since the 
business now carried on by Slessrs. S. W. Collins & Son 
wa^ founded, operations having been Iiegun in 1844 by 
Messrs. Vaughn & Collins. In 1858, Mr. S. W. Collins 
became sole proprietor, and subsequently the firm of Col- 
lins & Porter was formed, the present concern being 
organized in 1879. It is constituted of Messrs. S W. and 
H. D. Collins, the former a native of Bangor and the lat- 
ter of this town, and both being so widely known through- 
out this section as to render further mention quite unneces- 
sary. The firm manufacture long and short lumber, and 
deal in .grain, fe^d and general merchandise, their facilities 
being such as to enable them to fill both large and small 
orders without delay and at positively the lowest market 
rates. They operate a steam grist and shingle mill and 
also a long lumber mill, and employ from eightein to 
twenty-five assistants. Their store is 25x74 fi et in 
dimensions, and all available space is fully titilized, the 
stock of general merchandise being extremely large and 
exceptionally complete in every department, the goods, 
composing it being obtained from the most reliable 
sources and guaranteed to prove precisely as represented 
in every respect. Both partners give the business close- 
personal attention, and spare no pains to maintain the en- 
viable reputation so long associated with it. 





Coiptiitr^ ^roilmce^ %'mxum^ 


C. M. RUNNELS, Fire, Life and Accident 
Insuracce, Maia Street, Caribou, Me. — The question of 
where and hosv insurance may be placed to the best advan 
tage is one that appeals directly to every adult member of 
the community, for every owner of insurable properly 
should most certainly protect himself against loss by fire, 
and those who own no house, factory, store, furniture or 
slock of goods have special reason for insuring their life 
in order to protect those dependent upon them. VVe don't 
propose to argue in favor of insurance but simply to give 
our readers a hint how to obtain it to the best advantage 
and hence we call their attention at once to the facilities 
offered by Mr. C. M. Runnels, doing business on Main 
street. He is prepared to place fire insurance to any 
desired amount in standard companies, and to issue life 
and accident policies which are liberal in their provisions 
and absolute in the protection they afford. Full informa- 
tion will cheerfully be given by him on application in per- 
son or by mail, and all commissions will be promptly 
executed at uniformly moderate rates. 

DR. BARKER, Dentist, Caribou, Me.— That it 
pays to take care of the teeth is a fact that every one learns 
by experience sooner or later, but unfortunately many do 
not learn it until their teeth have become so seriously 
injured that the most that can be done is to "patch them 
up" more or less perfectly. But the principle "better 
late than never" applies with especial force to the care of 
the teeth, for in the present advanced stage of dental sci- 
ence much can be done to preserve impaired, and restore 
or replace badly injured teeth, and hence, such of our 
readers as have biien cireless or dilatory in this respect 
should delay no longer, but submit themselves to the treat- 
ment of a skilled and well equipped dentist, and in this 
connection we may properly call attention to the service 
offered by Dr. Barker of Caribou, for he is an expert and 
reliable practitioner, gentle but thorough in his methods, 
moderate in his charges, and possessing all necessary facil- 
ities to practice dentistry in all its branches in accordance 
with the most approved principles and means. Appoint- 
ments may be made in advance, thus ensuring against dis- 
appointment and delay, and parlies living out of town 
would do well to make arrangements by mail, as by so 
doing they will be spared unnecessary travelling and serve 
their own interests in every way. 

J. A. AKERSTROM, Manufacturer of and 
dealer in Harness and Horse Furnishings, Caribou, Me. — 
There are some things that every man has to find out for 
himself as the experience of others doesn't seem to help 
him at all, and among these things is the fact that it 
doesn't pay to buy inferior harness no matter how low a 
price may be quoted on it. Of course it doesn't pay to 
give fancy prices for even the best harness, but it 
most certainly does pay to give a fair price for honest 
goods and if you want such goods at as low prices as can 
be named on them, just place your order with Mr. J. A. 

Akerstrom and jou will get them every time. Mr. Aker- 
strom is a native of SuteOen, and has had long experience 
in the harness business. He was a member of the firm of 
Akerstrom Brothers, who succeeded Mr. E. E. Farrell in- 
1889, and he became sole proprietor in 1891. He is a 
manufacturer of as well as dealer in harness and horse 
furnishings, and is prepared to make harness to order or" 
do repairing neatly and strongly at short notice and at 
low rales. An assortment of harnesses and horse Inrnislv 
ings is always carried in stock, and the goods are nofr 
only sold at low rates but guaranteed to prove just as- 

A. M. YORK, Agricultural Tools, Svve«Ki>' 
Street, Caribou, Me. — It is said that " a good worknian \» 
known by his tools," and this rule holds good in the cas& 
of the farmer as well as in that of the mechanic, for it is- 
very rarely that an enterprising, progressive and success- 
ful farmer is found using inferior tools, provided, of 
course, that first class tools are obtainable. "There is cer- 
tainly no difficulty in obtaining them in this section, and! 
whal is still more important, in obtaining them at the loW' 
est market rates, for by placing j'our order with Mr. A. M. 
York you can get agricultural tools of every description,, 
made by the leading manufacturers and fully warranted 
in evei-y respect, at prices as low as the lowest. This fact 
is very geuerally known hereabouts and as it is also known 
that Mr. York fills orders promptly as well as carefully it 
is not surprising that he should do an extensive business. 
He is agent for the Walter A. Wood harvesting machines 
and A. \V. Gray's Sons threshing machines ; also Soluble 
Pacific Guano. His store is located on Sweden street, and 
such of our readers as propose buying any kind of farming 
tools will best serve their own interests by visiting thig^ 
establishment before placing an order. 

MRS. A. L. IRELAND, Millinery and Fancy- 
Goods, Sweden Street, Caribiu, Me. — The establishment 
conducted by Mrs. A. L. Ireland is very popular amon^ 
the ladies of this vicinity, and its popularity is apparently 
equally great am ^ng those who trim their own hats and^ 
bonnets and those who prefer to entrust that work to- 
others, the reason being that Mrs. Ireland caters very suc- 
cessfully to both classes of trade, she carrying a large and 
most skillfully chosen stock of trimmed and untrimmed- 
hats and bonnets, ribbons, feathers, velvets, laces and mil- 
linery goods in general, besides a full line of fancy goods,, 
and being prepared to do millinery work to order in the- 
most artistic manner at short notice and at reasonable 
rates. She is a native of New York State, and has carried 
on her present establishment about five years, having 
assumed possession in 1886. The premises occupied are- 
located on Sweden street, and have an area of about lOOO 
square feet. The latest fashionable novelties may always 
be found here, and the prices quoted are uniformly moder- 
ate, while the service is very prompt and efficient, 
employment being given to two assistants. 






Mr. J. A. Clark has been an active and success- 
ful merchant here in Caribou for a number of years 
and now carries on what is conceded to be the lead- 
ing establishment of the kind in this section, but he is 
even more widely and favorably linown than these facts 
would seem to indicate tor Mr. Clark is prominent in pub- 
lic as well as in bu^iuess life, he havini; served as repre- 
sentative and as senator, and now being United States pen- 
sion agent for Maine. He is a native of Corinna, Jle., and 
served in the army during the Rebellion, with the rank of 
captain. The business with which he is identified was 
founded about fourteen years ago by ^Messrs. G. S. Clark & 
Co., the present proprietor having had entire control about 
five years. The store has an area of about 1000 square feet 
^nd contains a stock of dry goods, boots and shoes, etc, , 

that must truly "be seen 1o be appreciated," for it is 
exceptionally desirable, both on account of the dependable 
qualily of the goods it comprises and the attractiveness and 
treshness of the styles it includes. A " shopping " trip to 
Caribou would be considered sadly incomplete did it not 
include a visit to this popular store, for the public in gen- 
eral and the ladies in particular agree that the attractions 
here offered are in many respects unparalleled elsewhere. 
The very latest novelties in dress goods are always wtll 
represented, while the assortment of ladies' and childrens' 
furnishings is such as is seldom found outside a large city. 
Dependable foot-wear is another leading specialty and the 
stock is so complete that all feet can be fitted and all tastes 
and purses suited. 

C. JENSEN, Watchmaker, and Manufacturing 
Jeweler, Caribou, !Me. — Those who agree that a man can- 
jiot know too much about the articles in which he deals 
wdl support us in the assertion that it is alwaj's best to 
buy of the manufacturer if possible, and this is particularly 
true where jewelry is concerned, for reasons so plain and 
obviou'' as not to require mention. Hence those wishing 
anything in the line of jewelry, watches, etc.. should place 
the order with Mr. C. .Jensen, for he is a watch maker and 
manufacturing jeweler, and, although of course, he doesn't 
make all the articles be sells, still, he knows more about 
them than could possibly be known by one ignorant of the 
trade, as the majority of those who call themselves jew- 
elers are. Many of our readers have doubtless learned by 
sad experience that it is ditficult to get a fine watch prop- 
erly repaired and cleaned, and they will thank us for call- 
ing their attention to Mr. Jensen's facilities, for these are 
.of the best, and as he is an expert workman, we can guar- 
antee satisfaction to every customer. He is a native of 
Sweden, and has made many friends in Caribou and vicin- 
ity by his accommodating methods and evident desire to 
deal honorably with all his customers. He deals in crock- 
ery and lamp goods, as well as in watches, jewelry, etc., 
and quotes the lowest market rates on articles of war- 
ranted merit. 

H. E. JONES, dealer in Crockery, Glassware, 
Stoneware and Lamp Goods. Paper Hangings and Cur- 
tains, Jewelry, Silverware, Spectacles, Eye Glasses and 
Fishing Tackle ; American Watch Repairing a specialty ; 
Holmes Block, Caril)nu. Me. — Tliere is not a more attrac- 
tive store in town tlrin that curried on by Mr. H. E. Jones 
in Holmes Block, for the stock is very carefully selected. 
is admir.ibly arranged, and comprises a great variety of 
goods that are ornamental as well as useful. And those 
who believe that " h.'indsome is that handsome does " will 
find this store doubly attractive, for it is the home of low 
prices, so that its attractions can be availed of by all 
purses as well as by all tastes Mr. Jones deals in crock- 
ery, glassware, stoneware and lamp goods, paper hangings 
and curtains, jewelry, silverware, spectacles, eye glasses 
and fi.shing tackle, carrying a full line of each of these 
commodities, and constantly renewing his assortment so 
that it always includes the latest novelties. He has car- 
ried on the establisKiment since 1884. and the public have 
long since learned that goods bought here prove just as 
represented, and that full value is given for every dollar 
received. A specialty is mi\de of American watch repair- 
ing, the work being skillfull}' done at very short notice. 
jind moderate charges being made in every case. 

WILLIAM ROBINSON, Shingle Mill, Caribou, 
Me. — The manufacture of Shingles is one of the most ■ 
important industries carried on in this section of the State 
and is destined to remain so for many years to come and 
to develop steadily until it has reached much greater mag- 
nitude even than is now the case. Therefore it is very 
appropriate that it should be given prominent mention in 
such a book as this, and in making such mention it would 
never do to pass over the shingle mill carried on by Mr. 
VVilliam Robinson, this being a representative establish- 
ment of its kind. It has been conducted by Mr. Rob- 
inson for about three years and gives employment to from 
ten to fifteen hands ; containing two machines of the 
most improved type which are run by water power. The 
product is very uniform in quality in the several grades, 
and is large enough to enable the heaviest orders to be 
filled at short notice, the lowest market rates being quoted 
at all times. 

LITTLEFIELD & CO., Fine Custom Tailoring, 
and manufacturers of Ready-Made Clothing, Gentlemen's 
Furnishing Goods, and Hats and Caps a Specialty, Swe- 
den Street, Caribou. Me. — It is but seldom that we have 
occasion to mention an establishment that we can so 
heartily ami confidently recommend to all classes of pur- 
chasers as we can that conducted by Messrs Littlefield & 
Co., and located on Sweden street, for there are but very few 
establishments that cater so intelligently and successfully 
to both those who have much and those who have little to 
spend, to those who prefer custom-made clothing and 
those who find ready-made clothing satisfactory. Of 
course, because a man wears ready made clothing it by no 
means follows that he can't afford custom made garments, 
and indeed man}' buy both — readj'-made for working and 
general wear and custom-made for dress wear — but what 
we want to say is that no matter how much or how little 
y(m propose to spend for clothing you cannot possibly 
spend it to better advantage than at this deservedlj' p»p- 
n'.ar store, for Messrs. Littlefield & Co., not only do fine 
custom tailoring but are also manufacturers of ready-made 
clothing and carry a stock varied enough to enable all 
forms to be fitted and all tastes to be suited. They also 
carry a heavy and complete stock of gentlemen's furnish- 
ing goods, and hats and caps, embracing the latest fasli- 
ionable novelties and offered at bottom prices. The store 
is spacious and conveniently arranged, and sufficient assist- 
ance is employed to ensure prompt and careful attention 
to every caller. 






liifX^m^HMBij^S^) Boarding House, Livery and 
"I^^^^^HK^^Hfciil k Feed Stable, Blacksmitbing, 
Caribou, Me. — Among the 
I various bu8ini ss enterprises 
j carried on in Caribou those 
} conducted by Mr. Isaac Cocb- 
1 ran deserve prominent and 
J favorable mention, on account 
of their popularity and the 
efficiency and reliability of 
their management. Mr Cochran was born in this town, 
and is extremely well known throughout Ibis vicinity as 
an energetic and honorable business man. He carries on 
a boarding house, a livtry and feed stable, and a black- 
smith shop, and employs sufBi ient assistance to enable 
him to offer prompt and efficient service at all times. Jlr. 
Cochran's stable contains twenty-four stalls, and during 
the season a large livery business is done, as satisfactory 
teams are furnished at very reasonable rates, and at short 
notice. Horses boarded here are assured good food, com- 
fortable quarters and the best of care. In the blacksmith 
shop special attention is given to horse shoeing, but job- 
bing of all kinds will also be done in a superior manner, 
and at moderate rates. The boarding house is too well 
and favorably known to need any praise in these columns, 
and we will only add that Mr. Cochran gives careful per- 
sonal attention to all of the enterprises with which he is 

E. P. GRIMES, General Mercbandise and 
Sawed and Shaved Shingles, Caribou, Me. — The term 
■' general merchandise " is so indefinite that but little idea 
of the character of the stock carried by a dealer can be 
gained from the simple statement that be handles "general 
merchfindise," the only thing surely indicated being that 
he confine.'! himself to no particular branch of trade. But 
when used in connection with the business carried on by 
Mr E P. Grimes, the term should be interpreted in its 
broadest sense, for his stock comprises full lines of build- 
ing material, lime, brick, etc., etc., dry goods, groceries, 
boots and shoes, hardware, agricultural tools, crockery 
and tinware, and notions, and as it is constantly being 
renewed it always includes many late and attractive novel- 
ties. Mr. Grimes was born in Lawrence, Mass., and has 
carried on bis present enterprise about nine years, during 
which time it has gained a popularity second to that of no 
other in this vicinity. The store is located on Vaughan 
street, and is 40x80 feet in dimensions, spacious store- 
rooms also being utilized. Considering the magnitude 
and completeness of the stock it is hardly necessary to 
say that all classes of trade are catered to and all tastes 
can be suited, and we may add that the prices are invaria- 
bly as low as the lowest on all the commodities dealt in. 
Mr. Grimes also deals largely in sawed and shaved shingles, 
emploj's from forty to fifty assistants, and is prepared to 
fill all orders at short notice and at bottom rates. 

Apothecary, Main Street, Caribou, Me.— The "Caribou 
Drug Store " has a more than local reputation, for it is- 
patronized by residents of all the country iidjacent to the 
town, and it well deserves its popularity; first, because of 
the absolute reliability of the service rendered; second, 
because of the promptness with which customers are 
served; and third, because of the lowness of the price* 
quoted in every department of the business. This store 
was carried on about fifteen years before the present pro- 
prietor, Mr. 8. L. White, assumed control in 1887. He ia- 
a native of St. Johns, N. B., and is not only an experienced 
and skillful apothecary, but is exceptionally careful in hi* 
methods, the result being that the public have the utmost 
confidence in him, knowing that prescriptions placed in 
his hands will be accurately compounded from the purest 
mat' rials obtainable. He carries a large stock of drugs, 
medi -ines and chemicals, and compounds prescriptions at 
a^ low rates as are consistent with tlie use of the best 
ingredients. Two prominent specialties of Mr. White's 
manufacture are While's Condition Powders and Whiie'f 
White Pine Expectorant, both of which have gained a large- 
sale. A stock of toilet and fancy articles, books and sta' 
tionery, artists' materials, etc., is also carried, low price* 
being quoted on all the articles it comprises, and prompt- 
and careful attention being assured to every caller by thff 
employment of two competent assistants. 

SAMUEL TAYLOR & SON, Starch Manu- 
facturers and dealers in Groceries and Provisions, Boot* 
and Shoes, Dry Goods, etc., Lumbermen's and Farmer's 
Supplies a Specialty, Caribou, Me.— If a stranger in Cari- 
bou were to ask the first person he met on the street where 
he could place an order for groceries and provisions, booW- 
and shoes, dry goods, etc.. and be sure of having it 
promptly and satisfactorily filled at low rates, he would 
probably be directed to the establishment conducted by 
Messrs. Samuel Taylor & Son. for these gentlemen are' 
universally known and highly popular. This is not at all 
surprising, for the senior partner has been in bu*iness 
here since 1878 and has always made it a rule to deal liber- 
ally and fairly by his customers, to give them an oppor- 
tunity to choose from a very large and complete stock, to- 
sell all goods strictly on their merits and to quote boitom 
prices on all the commodities dealt in. Both members of 
the firm are natives of Burlington. Me., and are univer- 
sally known in Caribou and vicinity, in social as well 89- 
in business circles. Mr. S. Taylor was formerly one of 
the selectmen, and now holds the position of town treas- 
urer. He is also chairman on building committee of the 
new school house. This firm are engaged in the manu- 
facture of starch, but give particular attention to the sale 
of groceries and provisions, boots and shoes, dry goods, 
etc., and makes a specialty of lumbermen's and farmer's 
supplies, being prepared to fill the largest orders at short 
notice and fiirnish reliable goods at positively bottont- 




AttoriKBy at Law audi M©tarj FeIbli'C= 




HANSON & PILTZ, Groceries, Fish, etc.. 
Caribou, Me. — Any one at all familiar with the grocerj' 
business would need no further evidence of the fact that 
Messrs. Hanson & Piltz cater especially to family trade, 
than that afforded by the character of the goods they 
handle, for their stock has been selected with great care, 
and is made up of just such articles as will give satisfac- 
tion to the most critical. It includes staple and fancy gro- 
ceries of all kinds. This firm also make a specialty of 
fresh fish, keeping a full supply of all kinds constantly on 
hand, and the goods are offered at positively the lowest 
market rates, quality considered, and are fully warranted 
to prove just as represented. Under these circuniftanoea 
it is not surprising that an extensive trade should already 
have been built up, although operations were not begun 
until 1891. The firm is constituted of Mr. Chas. P. Han- 
son, who is a native of Massachusetts, and served in the 
army during the Rebellion, and Jlr. G. T. Piltz, a native 
of Sweden. Both partners give personal attention to cus- 
tomers and prompt and polite service is assured at all 

McNELLY & McLELLAN, dealers in Men's, 
Boys' and Children's Ready-Made Clothing, Hats, Caps 
and Furnishing Goods, Trunks, Baes. Valises, etc., Swe- 
den Street, Caribou, Me. — There are manj' able and enter- 
prising merchants in Caribou and vicinity — men who 
know every detail of their business, know the trade they 
are catering to, and know just the sort of goods they pre- 
fer — but nowhere in town can a more skillfully chosen and 
more desirable stock of goods be found than at the estab- 
lishment of Messrs. McNelly & McLellan, located on Swe- 
den street. This concern is composed of Messrs. P. L. 
McN"elIy and William McLellan and began operations in 
1889. The firm deal in men's, boys' and children's ready- 
made clothing, hats, caps, furnishing goods, trunks, bags, 
■valisrs. etc., and both as regards the variety and quality 
iOf the goods and the prices quoted offer inducements very 
hard to equal and impossible to surpass elsewhere. A 
fitylish, perfect-fitting, well-made and durable garment or 
fiuit may be bought here for very little money, and 
whether you buy a dress suit or a working suit, a hat or a 
necktie, in fact anything, you may depend on its proving 
just as represented and on getting full value for your 
money every time.. Goods are cheerfully fhown and 
pricps quoted, all callers, whether they wish to buy or 
only to look around, being assured prompt attention and 
polite treat uient. 

D. E. JOHNSON, dealer in Furniture and 

Caskets. Undertaker's Supplies always on hand. Cari- 
bou, Me. — Mr. D. E. Johnson carries on the only furniture 
store in town, but even if there were a dozen others there 
is no doubt but that the one conducted by Mr. Johnson 
would be largely patronized, for the simple reason that he 
gives excellent value to customers, the inducements 
offered comparing very favorably with those held out by 
dealers doing business in the leading cities of the State. 
Coffins and caskets as well as furniture are dealt in and a 
full line of undertakers' supplies is constantly on hand, so 
that orders can be filled without delay. This business was 
founded many years ago by Messrs. York & Hussey, and 
was carried on by Mrs. Hussey who was succeeded in 
1885 by Mr. T. W. Willis, he giving place in 1890 to the 
present proprietor, who is a native of Garland, Me., and has 
a very large circle of friends throughout this section. The 
premises utilized by Mr. Johnson are 28x50 feet in dimen- 
sions, exclusive of a commodious storehouse, so that 
opportunity is given for the carrying of a large stock, 
and this is so fully availed of that practically all orders 
can be filled without delay, moderate charges being made 
in every instance. 

N. W. JOHNSON, dealer in Groceries, Corn, 
Flour, Tea, Coffee, Spice, etc.. Caribou, Me. — The ques- 
tion of whether Caribou has become an important trade 
centre on account of the number and excellence of the 
stores hi re, or the number and excellence of the stores 
have made the town an important trade centre is some- 
thing like the famous question, " Which was first, the hen 
or the egg '? " and is of no great consequence anyway, the 
main point being that people can buy to better advantage 
here than elsewhere and therefore irade here more exten- 
sively every year. The store carried on by Mr. N. W. 
Johnson may be called a truly representative establish- 
ment for it has done much to extend Caribou's reputation 
as a place where excellent value may be obtained for 
money expended. Mr. Johnson is a native of Garland, 
Jle. , and has carried on his present store some eight or 
nine years. He deals in dry goods, groceries, corn, flour, 
tea, coffee, spices, boots and shoes, and other standard 
commodities, utilizing premises of the dimensions of 
26x48 feet, and carrying a very large and well chosen 
stock. The goods are uniformly reliable, are sold at the 
lowest market rates, and callers are promptly and care- 
fully attended to, so that the popularity of this establish- 
ment is thoroughl)' well deserved. 






Ipon and Wood Workers, 

are prepared to do all kinds of mill work and jobbing, also manufacture circular saw mills, sbingle 
machines, clapboard planers, horse hoes, plows, etc., besides dealing in new and second-hand machinery, 
and have saws, belting and steam fittings always on hand. They also have a well equipped planing 
tn'.U, where all kinds of wood work, such as planing, matching, turning, etc., is done. They have 
constantly on hand doors and windows with trimmings, mouldings, hard and soft wood (kiln dried) 
flooring and finish, and are prepared to furnish these in any quantity desired. 

LUFKIN & HOLMES, Agents, Groceries and 
Dry Goods, Caribou, Me. — The establishment carried on 
ty Messrs. Lufliin & Holmes occupies a leading position 
among the representative stores of this section of the 
State, and what is more it fully deserves its prominence 
and popularity for they are the results of years of honest, 
intelligent and able public service. The business was for- 
merly carried on by Mr. H. H. Lufkin, and in 1885 he 
became associated with Mr. P. K. Holmes under the pres- 
•ent tirmname. Mr. Lufkin is a native of Maine, and Mr. 
Holmes of New Brunswick. The former served in the 
army during the Rebellion, and has been one of the select- 
men of this town; both he and Mr Holmes being univer- 
sally known and highly esteemed throughout this section. 
The firm utilize spacious premises and deal very largely 
in general merchandise, among the more important com- 
modities handled being groceries, dry goods, fancy goods, 
hardware, boots and shoes, and paints and oils. Sewing 
machines must also be given special mention, they being 
agents for "The White," the most durable sewing machine 
in the market, and unsurpassed for general efficiency. 
Bottom prices rule at this popular establishment and all 
goods are sold strictly on their merits, no pains being 
spared to satisfy everj' customer, and another very popular 
feature is the care taken to give prompt and painstaking 
attention to every caller, and use every buyer so fairly that 
no reasonable cause for complaint can be shown. 

E. E. DOUGLAS, Shingle Jlill, Caribou, Me. 
— The question of what is the best material with which to 
cover a roof has engaged the attention of architects and 
builders for centuries, and although almost innumerable 
materials and forms of the same material have been tried 
nothing has as yet been found that can compare with 
shingles as regards the combination of lightness, efBciency, 
•durability, cheapness, ornamental appearance, and ease of 
repairing which distinguishes them from all others and 
has caused them to be used on four-tiftbs of the roofs in 
this country. Maine furnishes a large proportion of the 
shingles used in New England, and this portion of the 
State furnishes a large share of the Maine production, 
there being many shingle mills hereabouts, and among 
them that carried on by Mr. E. E. Douglas, who is a 
native of Trenton, Me., and begun operations here in 1889. 
His mill is fitted up with improved machinery, and he is 
prepared to fill orders promptly and to furnish shingles 
accurately graded and of standard quality at the lowest 
jnarket rates. Employment is given to five assistants. 

H. G. HAYDEN & CO., dealers in Meats, Gro- 
ceries, Provisions, etc., Caribou, Jle. — It is safe toassume 
that there is not one of our readers but what has had more 
or less difficulty in getting meats to suit him (or her.and it is 
generally " her," for the ladies do the most of the market- 
ing), for tliere is no other commodity so variable in quality 
and hard to select accurately, even those who make a 
business of handling it being often deceived by its appear- 
ance. But, of course, an experienced dealer can generally 
judge pretty accurately and that is one reason why we 
should advise those wishing first class meats to place their 
orders with Messrs. H. G. Hayden & Co., for this concern 
make a specialfj' of handling such, and can satisfy the 
most critical tastes, they sparing no pains to provide just 
the quality asked for by the customer. Another reason 
for recommending this house is that they carry a large and 
varied stock, including not only fresh, salted, corned and 
smoked meats but also groceries of every description, 
eggs, butter and country produce in general. The prices 
are right, too, and in short the service offered is excep- 
tionally satisfactory in every department, as is shown by 
the wide popularity of the enterprise. It was formerly 
carried on by Messrs. J. A. Morrill & Co., who were suc- 
ceeded by Messrs Hayden & Small, the present firm name 
being adopted in 1891. Employment is given to two 
assistants, and callers are assured prompt and careful 

MISS L. F. RUNNALS, Books and Stationery, 
Caribou, Me. — The people of the United States have been 
called a " nation of readers," and the name is most appro- 
priate, for the love of reading is confined to no particular 
class here liut is common to rich and poor and is especially 
prominent in that great " middle class," as social students 
call it, which here as elsewhere is by far the most valuable 
as it is by far the largest portion of the community. 
Hence the popularity of the store carried on by Miss L. F. 
Ruunals is not at all difficult to account for, as one may 
always find here a skillfully chosen assortment of books, 
including the latest novels, etc., and the prices quoted are 
low as the lowest. Stationery is also dealt in, together 
with writing materials of all kinds, the stock being very 
complete and including many late and attractive novelties 
in the line of fashionable papers, envelopes, etc., as well 
as a full assortment of stationery for business use. Miss 
Runnals is a native of Garland, Me., and has been identi- 
fied with her present enterprise since 1889. 







Instantaneous Process used Exclusivelj^ in our Studio. 

Life size crayons a specially and at prices within the reach of all. Copies or enlargements from old pictures ab' 
reasonable rates. "Views of every description made to order and all negatives preserved. Pictures of all kinds framed, 
to order. 

ALBEE HOLMES, manufacturer of Shingles 
and Starch, Caribou, Me.— It being an obvious fact that 
that country is most prosperous whose natural resources 
are most perfectly developed, it follows that those most 
actively engaged in developing the resources of a given 
section are to be given a large sbare of the credit for what- 
ever degree of prosperity that section may enjoy, and hence 
Mr. Albee Holmes must be accorded a prominent position 
aniong the representative business men of this county, he 
being hugely engaged in the manufacture of two of its 
principal products, shingles and starch. He is thoroughly 
familiar with the details of each branch of production, and 
as he controls extensive and improved facilities he is in a 
position to fill the largest orders at short notice, and also 
to meet all honorable competition by quoting positively 
the lowest market rates on articles of standard and guaran- 
teed merit. 

MRS. R. A. BARTLETT, Millinery and Fancy 
Goods, Caribou, Me.— There is a popular conviction that 
"what everybody says must be true," and, as "every- 
body" says that the establishment carried on by Mrs. R. 
A. Baitlelt is surpassed by no other in this section of the 
State devoted to the same line of business, it certainly 
well deserves prominent mention in these pages. This 
business was founded about eighteen years ago, and as it 
has been ably and successfully conducted from the first, it 
IS not to be wondered at that it should be universally 
known and highly popular. Mrs. BartU-tt deals in milli- 
nery and fancy goods of all kinds, and carries a very care- 
fully chosen stock including llie very latest fashionable 
novelties in hats, bonnets and trimmings of every descrip- 
tion. Particular attention is given to custom work, and 
results are attained such as are possible only when good 
taste is combined with long and varied experience and 
excellent facilities. Employment is given to five assistants 
during the busy season, and orders can therefore be filled 
at short notice, no pains being spared to deliver goods 
promptly at the time agreed upon, and no inferior work 
being knowingly allowed to leave the establishment, Mrs. 
Bartlett giving personal supervision to the filling of every 

E. H. PITSHOR, manufacturer of Dr. Flick's 
Scratch Ointment, and Druggis', Caribou, Me.— So long 
as drugs and medicines are used in the treatment of dis- 
ease a well stocked and well managed drug store will be 
one of the most valuable establishments a community can 
have, and certainly none of our Caribou readers will deny 
that the drug store carried on by Mr. E. H Pushor is as 
useful and popular an establishment as can be found in 
town. Mr. Pushor is a native of Pittsfield, Me , and has 
conducted his present store about ten years, having begun 
operations in 1881. He deals in books, stationery, fancy 
articles, etc., offering a large and desirable assortnient and 
quoting low prices, but he makes a leading specialty of 

drugs, medicines and chemicals, and constantly carries a. 
large and very complete stock selected from the most reli- 
able sources. Prescriptions will be arcurattly and 
promptly compounded, and no unreasonable charges are 
made, the prices quoted comparing favorably with those 
named in the leading city pharmacies. Mr. Pushor is the 
manufacturer of Dr. Flick's Scratch Ointment, and sells it 
all over the country, for it is known and prized in all parts 
of the Union, and its popularity and celebrity are especially 
remarkable from the fact that they h ive not been aided by- 
extensive advertising, but have been brought about by the 
superior merits of tlie ointment, it being conceded to have- 
no equal in its special line. 

D. M. MOODY, manufacturer of all Kinds of 
Carriages and Heavy Wagons, Caribou, Me — If ever a. 
process be devised by which first-class carriages or wagona 
may be made out of second-class material it will then be 
possible to get a first-class vehicle at a second class price, 
but under present conditions those who try to do so will 
"get left" every time. But although a first-class vehicle 
commands a first-clasa price it is not necessary to pay a 
fancy price for one and those who do so really pay two 
prices — one for the vehicle and one for the "name" of the 
maker. Mr. D. M. Moody manufactures as good carriages 
and heavy wagons as can be found in the market, and he 
has the reputation of doing so, too, but he does not charge 
extra for the reputation, and so you can get a thoroughly 
satisfactory vehicle from him at a price considerably lower 
than is usually quoted on one of equal exceHence made 
elsewhere. Mr. Mdody is a native of Thorndike, Me., and 
began operations in Caribou in 1882. His shop has two 
floors, each 35x90 feet in size, and there are two one story 
wings each measuring 12x35 feet. The premises contain 
a complete plant of improved machinery, driven by a tei» 
horse power engine, and employment is given to ten 
assistants, so that custom work, repairing, etc., can be 
done at very short notice. Carefully selected materials 
are used, every process incidental to production is skill- 
fully carried out, and the result is that work from thla- 
shop loiks well and wears well; giving uniform satisfac- 
tion and proving tbe cheapest as well as the best in the- 
long run. 



VAUGHAN HOUSE, B. J. Smith, Proprietor. 
Hack to and from all trains. Carihou, Me. — It is said 
tbere is more traveling done in the United States in pro 
portion to population than in any other country in the 
world, and as hotels are supported almost entirely by the 
traveling public it is not surprising that our hotels out- 
number and outclass those of any other nation. Of course 
there are many poor hotels in this country as well as many 
good ones but the proportion of inferior public houses is 
steadily diminishing, and this is due, in a great measure, 
to the fact that a really good hotel is the most profitable in 
the long run, as its patrons increase its trade by constantly 

recommendlDg it. In our opinion this is a duty which. 
eTery traveler owes to the public in general, and hence we 
take pleasure in recommending the Vaughan House and feel 
confident that our recommendation will be endorsed by all 
who may make trial of the accommodations there offered, 
for the hotel is commodious and well arranged, is com- 
fortably furnished, well heated, well ventilated, well 
lighted and well managed. The proprietor, Mr. B. J. Smith 
is a native of Hodgdon, Me., and was in the army during 
the Pebellion. He has been identified with the Vaughan 
House since 1884, and from the first has spared no pains 
to promote the comfort of guests and to carry on a hotel 
that should deserve hearty and continuous support. 
There are thirty-five sleeping-rooms in the house, which is 
lit by electricity and fully equipped in every respect. The 
table is supplied with an abundant variety of seasonable 
food, and as twelve assistants are employed the service is 
prompt and efficient at all timis. Hacks are run to and 
from all trains, and there is a first class livery, board and 
feed stable, containing thirty stalls, connected with the- 
hotel and affording excellent accommodations at reason- 
able rates. 

MRS. N. M. LOWNEY, Fruit and Confection- 
ery, Sweden Street, Caribou, Me.— The figures show that 
the consumption of fruit in this country is steadily and 
rapidly increasing, and this is certainly a good thing for 
the public, for fruit is known to be the most healthful of 
foods, and when in good condition it will do more to keep 
one in health than any drug or medicine possibly could. 
It is easy to get fruit of good quality by going to the rieht 
place, and you cannot do better than to patronize the 
store of which Mrs. N. M. Lowney is owner, for she takes- 
care to get the best the market affords, and her assortment 
is varied and her prices reasonable. Confectionery is also 
dealt in, pure candies of fine flavor being always in stock, 
and during the summer months ice-cream is a prominent 
specialty, and it is generally conceded that the cream here- 
.sold is unequalled for uniform delicacy of flavor. Mrs. 
Lowney is a native of Presque Isle, Me., began business in 
1890, and has built up a good and steadily growing trade, 
her store being favorably known throughout this vicinity. 


Presqne Isle is the southernmost of those three remarkable towns which lie adjacent to one 
^another and whose principal villages are so located that straight lines drawn from one to the other 
■would form a triangle having very nearly equal sides and with the apex inclined towards the north- 
west. Each township is double the ordinary size, it having an area of 12 square miles ; each includes 
some of the most fertile land in the country ; each has valuable water powers, railway facilities, and 
an industrious and energetic population ; and as it is an axiom that "like causes produce like effects" 
it is not surprising that these three towns — Presque Isle, Fort Fairfield and Caribou — should strongly 
resemble one another in rapidity of growth, past advancement and future prospects. In fact they may 
not inaptly be called "the Aroostook triplets," for they were born (or in other words incorporated) 
at about the same time, they draw their nourishment from the same sources, and in many respects 
have a strong "family " resemblance although each has its own individual characteristics. They are 
rnagnificently strong and healthy infants (for infants they are although more than thirty years have 
passed since their incorporation, a third of a century being but a short period in the life of a town), 
and like all sturdy children they delight in generous emulation and like to "stump" one another to 
perform difficult feats, but the rivalry is as good-natured as it is keen, and each town knows full well 
it could safely depend upon the others in time of serious trouble. Each is destined to become a city, 
probably before it enters upon its second half -century of existence, and each gives promise of immense 
development in the immediate future, the natural resources of the adjacent country being practically 
inexhaustible and the outlook from an agricultural, from a manufacturing and from a mercantile point 
of view being favorable in the highest degree. The similarity of these towns in age and in present 
importance may be appreciated by an examination of the following figures : 

Incorporated. Population 1S90. Valuation 1890. 

Presque Isle, April 4, 1859, 3046 Polls, 672 ; estates, $993,875.00 

Fort Fairfield, March 11, 1858, 3526 " 747 " 893,593.00 

Caribou, April 5, 1859, 4087 " 876 " 780,439.00 

The aggregate population is 10,659 and the aggregate valuation of estates is $2,667,907.00 ; the 
:average population being 3,553 and the average estate valuation $889,302.00. It is worthy of note 
that Presque Isle combines the smallest population with the largest valuation, while an exactly opposite 
condition of affairs prevails at Caribou, that town having the largest population and the smallest valu- 
ation. But on the whole, the three towns are very equally matched and although the above figures 
represent the condition of affairs in 1890 and do not give an adequate idea of the present population 
and wealth of these three rapidly growing communities, they enable intelligent comparison of them to 
be made, for the progress made by the three towns since that date has been substantially equal, so that 
no change in their comparative positions has occurred. 

When Presque Isle was incorporated, in 1859, the township was but one-half its present size, and 
its importance in other respects may be estimated from the census figures of the following year, the 
population in 1860 being 723, the polls 161 and the valuation of estates $79,874.00. Comparatively 
slight gain was made during the succeeding decade, the population in 1870 having been 970, the num- 
ber of polls 182, and the valuation of estates $180,726.00, but during the ten years from 1870 to 1880 
-development proceeded more rapidly and the result was that in 1880 the population had increased to 
1305, the number of polls to 295 and the valuation of estates to $339,325.00. But this growth was as 
nothing compared with the development from 1880 to 1890, for during this period of time the popula- 
tion and the valuation increased nearly three hundred per cent, the population increasing from 1,305 
to 3,046, the number of polls from 295 to 672 and the valuation of estates from $339,325.00 to $9fi3,- 
ST5.00. This enormous growth, however, was largely due to the doubling of the area of the township 



by the annexation of Maysville, which adjoined it on the north and which became a part of Presque 
Isle February 14, 1883. Maysville was incorporated the same day that Presque Isle was, April 4, 1859, 
and in 1880 had a population of 1,141, and its estates were valued at $224,288.00. It was a famous 
farming town and at the time of annexation contained a large starch factory and several saw mills. 
Presque Isle village was always the centre of business for Maysville so that the interests of the two 

Bird's Eye View of Presque Isle. 

towns were in many respects identical even before they were legally combined by annexation. The 
residents of Maysville took justifiable pride in the excellence of the town's roads and about 500 shade 
tree.s were set out along the highways in a single year. The name Maysville is still borne by the 
northern half of the township of Presque Isle and as the two sections diflfer considerably in topography 
it is better to treat of each of them separately in preparing a description of the town, first stating, 
however, that the township as a whole is bounded on the north by Caribou, on the east by Fort Fair- 
liield and Easton, on the south by Westfield plantation and on the west by Chapman, Mapleton and 
Washburn. It lies in the second range of Aroostoojc county townships, and Presque Isle village 
would occupy just about the middle of a straight line drawn from Houlton to the northern limits of the 
•county, it being about forty miles, in an air line, from either point, and forty-two miles north northwest 
-of Houlton by the stage line running from that town to Caribou. It is situated on Presque Isle stream, 
-very near what was once the Maysville line and a little to the west of the centre of the township. The 
■middle of the original Presque Isle township is generally elevated, and south by south-west of the 
"V'illa"-e is Green ^Mountain, having four peaks and lying in a true north and south line. A little to the 
west of the middle line of the town in its southern part is Quaggy Joe Lake, which is one mile long 
:and is drained by Arnold Brook. Presque Isle stream enters the town from the west and takes a 
irortheasterly course to the village, thence flowing north and emptying into the Aroostook River about 
snidway of its course through Maysvi.JJe. Tiie stream furnishes good water power at the village and 
tias been utilized for iMaiiufMcturing purposes from an early period in the town's history. 



The manufacturing interests of the town are quite extensive also, there being valuable water 
powers at the village and considerable steam power being utilized. There are mills at Spragueville^ 
near Quaggy Joe Lake, as well as at Presque Isle village and elsewhere, and the more important pro- 
ductions of the town include long and short lumber, starch, woodwork of various kinds such as doors^ 
Bash, mouldings, etc., cabinet work, brick, carriages, harness, coffins and caskets, meal and feed,, 
machine work, marble work, axes, general blacksmiths' work, hides and leather, tin-work, etc. "Wool; 
carding is also done and there are many minor manufactures, as for instance, those carried on by" 
tailors, dressmakers, milliners, printers, photographers, etc. 

Kesidbnck of a. M. Smith. 

The commercial interests of Presque Isle village are varied and important for, as we have pre- 
viously stated, this village has been the trade center for all the country adjacent from the very firsts 
Numerous fine business blocks, large and elegant stores, and heavy and varied stocks attest the; 
prosperity and enterprise of the local merchants, and it is a frequent saying among the people that ait 
article of merchandise that cannot be found at Presque Isle cannot be found anywhere in the county^ 
In the stocks of local merchants may be found anything from diamonds to telegraph poles and from 
watches to mowing machines; while the assortments of clothing, of furnishings, of jewelry and of 
other goods whose design is influenced by the caprices of fashion are so complete and embrace sa 
many of the very latest novelties that visiting strangers from Bangor, from Portland, from Boston 
or from other great trade centres are generally more surprised by these stocks than by any other thing 
they see in this, to them, wonderful country, fo'r they find that they can buy here (within reasonable 
limitations) to as good advantage as they could at home, and it is a constant marvel to them that the 
tradesmen of so remote a town as this appears to them to be can sell so cheaply and offer so great and. 
desirable a variety to choose from. 

The handsome and modern appearance of the business edifices in the village is largely due to- 
what so often proves to be a blessing although it is never welcomed as such, — an extensive conflagra^ 
tion. In 1886 the business portion of the village was almost totally destroyed by fire so that- 
practically none of the present mercantile structures are more than five years old at the farthest. But- 
"purification by fire," although thoroughly effectual, is too expensive and entails too much danger and; 
inconvenience to be practiced as a regular thing, and therefore as soon as affairs had been straightened 
out a little after the confligration the residents of the town took steps to prevent the fire king from, 
again becoming unduly familiar should he revisit the town by making arrangements to give him a. 



<50ol and moist reception on the instant of his arrival. The Presque Isle Water Company was formed 
in 1887 with George H. Freeman, M.D., as president and superintendent, and the company went actively 
to work to bring into the village an abundant supply of water that should be as pure and wholsome as 
it was effectual in subduing an incipient blaze. Competent engineering advice was sought, a compre- 
hensive and efficient plan decided upon, and the result is that Presque Isle now has a water supply 

copious enough to satisfy the most ardent prohibitionist and reliable enough to reassure the most 
timid citizen when he lies awake o' nights and figures out how largely his destructible, property 
exceeds the amount of his insurance policies. The water is taken from Kennedy Brook, which drains 
a watershed having an area of about twenty-eight square miles and which is copiously fed by springs 
«o that the water is singularly pure and clear, and as regards both quality and quantity is all that 
■could be desired. The reservoir has a capacity of 35,000,000 gallons and is located 100 feet above 
Main street, the pressure resulting from this elevation being about forty pounds. A Worthington 
■steam pump of sufficient capacity to provide for all pi-obable needs for years to come is an important 
feature of the plant, the entire expense of which was $30,000. 

Another first-class plant utilized for public purposes is that operated by the Presque Isle Electric 
Light Company, of which Mr. Sidney Graves is superintendent. The Edison incandescent system is 
used and gives entire satisfaction to consumers as well as to the company, — which is certainly all that 
can be expected from any " system," ekctric or otherwise. The superintendent of the electric light 
-company occupies Another important official position also, be being chief engineer of the fire depart- 
ment, which is completely equipped, efficiently organized and is fully capable of handling any fire 
which is at all liable to occur in the village. 

A town which has a first-class water supply ought not to allow itself to get .along without an 
efficient system of sewerage, and the residents of Presque Isle are evidently of this opinion, for a com- 
prehensive system of drainage has been inaugurated and its details are being extended every year. 
Presque Isle is a healthful town and proposes to remain so if intelligently devised and impartially 
■enforced hygienic measures can ensure the maintenance of the present condition of affairs, for there 
is an active- and efficient board of health, made up of Messrs. C. P. Allen, F. Kilburne, and 
C. F. Daggett. 


The spiritual needs of the people are as well looked after as are the pliysical needs, there bein^ 
six handsome church buildings in the village, each of which is owned by the society worshiping- 
therein, and the religious societies include associations of Baptists, Free Baptists, Episcopals, Con- 
gregationalists, ITnitarians, Methodists and Christians. Churches and schools are intimately related^ 
in New England communities at least, and therefore it is natural that a town having the excellent 
church facilities possessed by Presque Isle should control first-class educational facilities also. Kot- 
only is the public school system comprehensive, well conducted, and very generally availed of, but it- 
is most admirably supplemented by the work of St. John's English and Classical School, of which Mr^ 
W. T. Elmer is principal. The premises utilized by this institution are extensive, the buildings well 
arranged and well equipped, and the course of study practical and very thoroughly carried out, the- 
school having a high reputation and being by no means an unimportant factor in the promotion of the 
interests of the town. The fraternal associations of Presque Isle are many and prosperous, among^ 
them being a Masonic lodge; several associations of Odd Fellows; a lodge of Knights of Pythias;, 
two societies of Patrons of Husbandry; G. A. R. Post L. B. Wade, No. 123; Relief Corps; Sons of 
Veterans; Women's Christian Temperance Union; Good Templars; besides other associations not 
of a fraternal character, such as the Presque Isle Band and Palmer's Orchestra. The town has^ 
excellent banking facilities, furnished by local institutions, and it also has first-class hotel accommoda- 
tions, the local public houses being large and well-kept. Of course so wide-awake a community 
supports a local newspaper, and as a matter of fact it supports two of them both weeklies; the Aroos- 
took Democrat being published Thursdays, by Mr. George H. Collins, and the ktarSerald being^ 
published Wednesdays, by the Aroostook Democrat Publishing Company. Both the great politicaE 
parties are represented and both papers devote a large amount of space to local news besides contain- 
ing a great deal of matter of general interest. Their advertising columns are well patronized and 
both publications are skillfully edited and ably represent the enterprising town and section in which 
they are located. The industrial and mercantile interests of Presque Isle are also carefully looked 
after by the local Board of Trade, of which George H. Freeman is president, George H. Collins is- 
secretary, and J. W. Bolton is treasurer. This organization makes a specialty of furnishing depend- 
able and " inside " information to out-of-town parties investigating the business chances offered 
within the township, and all communications addressed to the secretary will receive prompt and 
careful attention. There are many and valuable opportunities now open at Presque Isle to men with 
capital, energy and ability; the building of the Bangor and Aroostook railroad will enlarge these- 
opportunities to an almost unlimited extent, and in this connection the following quotation from one 
of Maine's many energetic newsjiapers will prove of interest and will furnish a most appropriater 
ending to this sketch of one of her most promising towns. 

" Maine is certainly in the line of development and increase in wealth and population. Capital i» 
beginning to flow into this State, and the magnificent water powers of the Pine Tree State are 
beginning to be utilized by many different kinds of manufactures. 

"The drift of manufactures, fully as much as that of summer travel, is now Maineward, and 
both mean more railroads, more wealth, more people, and a much more important position for the 
State in years to come than she has had in years past. Fifteen years ago who would have dared 
predict that summer visitors would flock hither and sow millions of dollars yearly over the length and 
breadth of this rugged old State? But they do, and Maine people know how to make a good use of 
these dollars that slip from the easy and careless fingers of millionaires. 

" Who would have predicted that every few weeks a party of capitalists would be exploring^ 
Maine for the best site for some immense manufacturing plant, involving the investment of hundreds- 
of thousands of dollars and the employment of hundreds of hands ? 

"All these things show that Maine's turn has come. There is the elastic force of a general boom 
in prosperity under every Maine enterprise now in contemplation, and that is going to help boost the 
Aroostook railroad, almost as much as the great inducements the County itself offers to the buildings 
of a road. The road is sure to come, not only because Aroostook is big and productive and full of 
immense undeveloped resources, but because Maine is a coming State, and enterprise and business 
activity are the rule all along the line." — North Star. 

Representative Business Men of Presque Isle, Me. 

A. M. SMITH & CO., dealers in Hardware, 

Tinware, Stoves and Furnaces, Lamps, Glassware, etc., 
Fiesque Isle, Jle. — The store of which Jlessrs. A. M. 
Smiili & Co. are the proprietors is one of those establish- 
ments at which one is alwaj's sure to find desirable goods, 
and at which bottom prices are quoted, so that it is not at 
all surprising that it should be one of the most popular in 
town. The business was founded by Mr. A. M. Smith 
about 1880, and in 1883 he became associated with Mr. E. 
W. Fernald, under the existing firm name. Both partners 
are natives of Jlaine, and both are very widely known 
throughout this section, especially Mr. Smith, who holds 
the position of town treisurer. The concern deal in hard- 
ware, tinware, stoves, furnaces, lamps, glassware, kitchen 
furnishings, etc., and carry a large and desirable stock, 
the premises utilized having an area of about 7,000 square 
feet. The productions of the leading manufacturers are 
handled, and the agricultural tools, stoves, lamps and 
other goods offered by this enterprising firm embody the 
latest improvements, are first-class in material and work- 
manship, and, although sold at bottom figures, are guar- 
anteed to prove just as represented in every respect. 


Ervin, dealer in Dry and Fancy Goods, Hosiery, Gloves 
and Corsets, Ladies' and Gents' Furnishing Goods, Hats 
Caps, Boots, Shoes and Rubbers. Samples of Dress Goods 
mailed on application. No. 13 Union Block, Presque Isle, 
Me. — We have no fear but what the ladies of Presque Isle 
and vicinity will agree with us when we say that no 
"shopping" tour is looked upon as complete unless it 
includes the establishment conducted by Mr. D. H. Ervin, 
of " The People's Cash Store," at No. 13 Union Block, in 
this town, for this store is in some respects unique and 
always offers many attractions impossible to find else- 
where, and then again, these inducements are constantly 
varying ; because you have visited the store Monday is no 
reason why you cannot profitably visit it again Tuesdaj^ or 
Wednesday, for the stock is constantly being renewed, 
fresh novelties being added at such frequent intervals that 
the only way to " keep up with the times," so far as this 
popular store is concerned, is to visit it early and often. 
The present proprietor, who is a native of Nova Scotia, 
assumed control in 1890, and is generally well known in 
this vicinity. He gives close attention to the supervision 
of affairs and spares no pains to maintain the enviable 
reputation long associated with this enterprise. Mr. 
Ervin is an extensive retail dealer in dry and fancy goods 
ladies' ready-made garments of all kinds, hosiery, gloves 
and corsets, ladies' and gents' furnishing goods, hats, caps, 
boots, shoes and rubbers, and is prepared to quote the low- 
est market rates on large or small orders. The stock is 
varied and complete and made up of articles that can 
safely be guaranteed. 

T. N. ERVIN, dealer in Groceries anc? 
Provisions, Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Caps, etc.. 
No. 15 Main Street, Presque Isle, Me. — The flourishing 
business conducted by Mr. T. N. Ervin, was founded by 
him in 1880. He is a native of Nova Scotia, and very 
widely and favorably known in this vicinity. The prem- 
ises owned by lliis enterprising and reliable merchant are 
located on Main street and comprise two stores, one 
of which measures 26x60 and the other 22x60 feet ; also 
a store-house 25x40 feet. The establishment is through- 
out admirably adapted to the display of mere handise, the- 
convenience of customers and the dispatch of business. 
The stock is most extensive and consists of groceries and 
provisions, dry goods, boots and shoes, hats, caps, etc. 
Every thing in this wide range of merchandise is supplied 
at lowest prices aud goods are warranted satisfactory, and 
full confidence is universally inspired by the business 
methods and worth of this representative dealer. Both a 
wholesale and retail trade is done, the extent of which 
necessitates the employment of three competent clerks^ 
and orders are promptly filled and goods dispatched at 
short notice, and the prices on all are uniformly low. 
Courteous attention is given to callers at all times. Goods, 
are delivered to all pirts of the village free of charge. 

H. L. & F. A. LEONARD, dealers in Fresb- 
and Salt Meats, Fisli, Provisions, Groceries and Canned 
Goods, Spices, Teas and Tobacco, Presque Isle, Me. — 
Although the advantages of housekeeping far outweigh 
its disadvantages, it must be confessed that the trials aud 
disappointments of the average housekeeper are many, 
and that the larger portion of them are connected with 
the obtaining of food supplies, for it is at times very diffi- 
cult to obtain food, and especially meats, that will provfr 
altogether satisfactory. This is by no means entirely the 
fault of the dealer, but nevertheless a great saving of time, 
money and patience may be made by trading with a repu- 
table and well equipped house, and hence we feel that we 
are doing some of our readers a service by calling to their 
attention the facilities possessed by Messrs. H. L. & F A. 
Leonard fo>r furnishing meats, fish, provisions and gro- 
ceries of standard quality at the lowest market rates. The 
store occupied is centrally located, and is 30x50 feet in 
dimensions, being sufficiently roomy to accommodate the 
large stock mentioned above, the assortment, which also 
includes canned goods, teas, spices and tobacco, being so 
varied that all tastes and purses can be suited. In connec- 
tion a slaughter house is located about one mile out of 
Presque Isle, supplying fresh meats at all seasons. Messrs. 
Lsonard are both natives of this State, and became identi- 
fied with their present enterprise in 1885, and have 
attained a high reputation as enterprising and honorable 






P^ J©HK*i 


Rt, Rev, HENRY L NEELY, D,D„ Visitor, Rev, WM, T, ELMER, Principal. 

Th s school gives a thorough preparation for college or scientific 
school, the study of any profession, or for business life. 

The buildings are new, spacious and well appointed, and the grounds 
ample for all field exercises. 

T^Arenty-five boys will be received as boarders in the house of the 

A chapel, gymnasium, drill hall — U. S. rifles, and a chemical and 
philosophical laboratory form part of the equipment of the school. No 
pains are spared to make the school a comfortable and refined home for 

ror further information apply to the Principal. 








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A. IV. S^OULE, Ai-tisjit P»liotogi-aphei-, 


Call and examine my work. Always vA'eleome. 


HONE BROTHERS, dealers in Groceries and 
Provisions, Crockery and Glassware, Tobacco, Fruits and 
Canned Goods of all Kinds, Presque Isle, Me. — It is 
always a good idea to trade with an enterprising house 
whenever such a course is possible for the cuslomers of 
a wide awake and progressive concern are sure to be 
treated with liberality and are also sure to receive their 
share of any increase in the concern's prosperity. The 
latter statement may be disputed by some people wlio 
pride themselves on their shrewdness and who will say 
that no firm is going to give its customers anything more 
than it has to. But all the same we know it to be true, 
and we also know that the really successful business men, 
are not those who keep every advantage to themselves, 
but rather those who share willi customers and thus 
largely increase their trade and income, although they 
may lesson the percentage of their profits. The enterprise 
conducted by Messrs. Hone Bros., in this town, is a good 
example to mention in this connection, and we hold that 
this firm is in a better position to-day. than they would 
have been had they pursued the short sighted policy too 
common in their busmess. This undertaking was started 
in 18S?, and the premises in use, comprise a store 24x40 
feet in dimensions. A large stock is carried including 
choice groceries and provisions, crockery and glassware, 
tobacco, fruits and canned goods of all kinds, and a large 
retail trade is done, ever)' facility being at hand to fill all 
orders received with promptness and care. 

L. S. JUDD & SON, dealers in Dry Goods 
and Carpets. Boots. Shoes, etc.. etc., Presque Isle, Me. — 
No more truly representative establishment can be found 
in Presque Isle, than that carried on by Messrs. L. S. 
.ludd & Son, for this enterprise was inaugurated very 
nearly a quarter of a century ago ; and has since been 
conducted in a manner which has given it the leading 
position among similar undertakings in this tection. This 
business was founded in 1860, by Messrs. .Johnson & Judd, 
and after two changes in the firm name, came under the 
management of the present proprietors in 1871, composed 
of L. S. Judd and J. II. Judd, both natives of Connecticut. 
The premises occupied on Main street, are 2.iX<J0 feet in 
dimensions and a heavy and varied stock is carried con- 
sisting of dry goods and caipets, boots, shoes, etc., etc. 
We need hardly say that so old established and reputable 
a concern as this, is widely and favorably known among 
manufacturers and wholesalers, and hence is in a position 
to buy to the best advantage at the lowest market rates, 
and to offer special inducements to its customers. Nor is 
it necessary to dwell upon the fact that all articles bought 
here will prove as represented. The Presque Isle public 
h.ave long since le.arned that "full value for money 
received," is the cardinal principle of the management, 
and the present magnitude of tlie business shows that this 
policy is not onh' known, but appreciated. Mr. L. S. 
Judd ha< been town clerk for twenty-one years and select- 
man twenty years. 

T. H. PHAIR, manufacturer of Potato Starch 
and Lumber, Presque I>le, Me.; Mills at Presque Isle, 
Maysville, Washburn, Jlapleton, Easton and Perham. — ■ 
It would be very difficult to overestimate the importance 
of the great business carried on by Mr. T. H. Pliair, that 
is, its importance so far as the residents of this section of 
the country are concerned, at all events, for not only doe» 
it afford remunerative employment to many directly but 
to many more indirectly, and it supplies a reliable means 
of disposing of immense quantities of one of the most 
staple and famous products of this portion of Maine — 
potatoes, for Mr. I liair is the largest manufacturer of 
potato starch in the world, carries on eight lactorie-*, pro- 
duces from l.OUO to 3,000 tons annually, and pays out 
from .|75,000 to 1135,000 every year for potatoes alone, to 
say nothing of the wages of the 200 assistants that are 
employed in starch making two and one-half months ia 
the year. The mills are located at Presque Isle, Maysville, 
Washburn, Mapleton, Easton and Perham. Mr. Phair is 
largely engaged in the manufacture of lumber, also, his 
lumber mills being located at Washburn, and this depart- 
ment of the business giving employment to fifty hands 
throughout the year. He is a native of New York and has 
had sole control of theenterpiise under consideration since 
18 7, the}' having resulted from operations begun by 
Messrs. Johnson & Phair in 186.5. The vast business is 
very thoroughly systemized, and orders are filled with a 
promptness and accuracy whicli might profitably be imi- 
tated by the management of many much smaller under- 

H. B. THAYER, DruKgist and Apotbecary,. 
and dealer in Stationery and Fancy Goods, No. 9 Union 
Block, Main Street, Presque Isle, Maine. — It is safe to 
say that no establishment in Presque Isle is more deserv- 
ing of hearty and generous patronage than that con- 
ducted by Mr. H. B. Thayer, for no undertaking is of 
more genuine utility or more liberally managed. Mr. 
Thayer is a native of Garland, Maine, and has carried on 
his present business since 1885. He is a druggist and 
apothecary, and carries a complete slock of pure drugs, 
medicines and chemicals, obtaining them from the most 
reliable sources, and sparing no pains to handle as high » 
grade of goods as the market affords. Especial tittention 
is given to the compounding of physicians' prescriptions, 
every facility being provided to ensure absolute accuracy 
in the smallest details of the work, and to enable orders to 
be filled at very short notice. Mr. Thayer also carries a 
complete assortment of stationery and fancy eoods. The 
premises made use of comprise one store, 18x60 feet in 
dimensions, and contain, besides the articles already men- 
tioned, a full line of stationery and fancy goods. Mr. 
Thayer's store is at No. 9 Union block, JIain street, and 
he is prepared to furnish all the goods handled at bottom 
prices, and as one competent assistant is employed, all 
orders are assured immediate and careful attention. 







In fact everything that a man would need to dress and make himself comfortable. 

We are selling goods cheaper than they have ever been sold in Aroostook county. Call and look our 

goods over and be convinced of the fact. 

CH:A.RLES J^. B^RTO, JVIanager. 

B. B. GLIDDEN, dealer in all kinds of Furni- 
ture, Coffins, Caskets and Undertakers' Supplies ; Agent 
for New Home Sewing Machine ; Bridge Street, Presque 
Isle, Me, — The business conducted by Mr. B. B. Glidden 
on Bridge street, is one of the best managed of its kind m 
Presque Isle. Operatious were begun here many years 
ago by F. A. Soule, but the present proprietor only took 
the management in 18S4. He is a native of Sebee, Me., 
and is one of our most highly esteemed resident business 
men. The premises made use of comprise two floors 
18X40 and 30x50 feet in dimensions. Mr. Glidden is a 
dealer in all kinds of furniture, coffins, caskets and under- 
takers' supplies, he carrying a large slock and being m a 
position to fill orders at very short notice, and the slock in 
hand is so arranged as to make examinations very easy. 
Coffins, caskets, etc., will be supplied at very moderate 
rates, and the assortment is sufficiently varied to allow all 
tastes and circumstances to be suited, Mr. Glidden being 
a manufacturer of coffins and caskets. An assistant is 
employed who is thoroughly experienced and reliable, and 
all commissions will be promptly, faithfully and intelli- 
gently executed. 

M. C. SMITH, dealer in Flour and Groceries, 

Bridge Street, Presque Isle, Me. — It would be very difficult 
to find a more popular grocery store than that carried on 
by Mr. M. C. Smith on Bridge street, and those who argue 
that popularity is the result of "good luck," would do 
well to investigate the causes of the favor in which this 
establishment is held, for " luck" has ha'1 little or nothing 
to do with it, it having been brought about by hard, intel- 
ligent and prominent work, and a consistent policy of 
giving full value for all money received. The undertaking 
was founded several years ago by Mr. G. K. Nutlall, the 
present proprietor assuming control in 1888. He is a 
native of New Brunswick, and has had long experience in 
the grocery business, so that the close personal supervision 
he gives to the details of his present enterprise is a power- 
ful factor in assuring its continued success. The premises 
occupied comprise a store 2.5x50 feet in dimensions, 
together with a storehouse, so that a large stock of choice 
fiour and groceries is constantly carried and dealt in, and 
the lowest market rates are quoted on goods of standard 
merit. Employment is given to competent assistants, and 
if every caller does not receive prompt and courteous 
attention it is no fault of the management, for the rule is 
equal service to all, large or small, young or old, rich or 
poor, business being conducted so far as is possible on the 
"first come, first served" principle. 

" THE BOUQUET," Smith & Barto, Millinery 
and Fancy Goods, 26 Main Street, Presque Isle, Me. — It is 
not difficult to ascertain that the establishment known as 
"The Bouquet," conducted by Smith & Barto, at No. 26 
Main street, is a favorite resort with the ladies of Presque 
Isle and vicinity, tor those who have had dealings at the 
store in question are outspoken in their commendation of 
the methods of the management pursued here. It is gen- 
erally understood that the stock of millinery, fancy goods, 
etc.. is one of the most carefully selected in the town, and 
also that the goods contained therein can be strictly 
depended upon to prove just as represented. This enter- 
prise was inaugurated in 1886, and has met with steadily 
increasing patronage as its merits became more evident. 
Tlie premises occupied cover an area of 1600 feet, and 
afford ample room to display the various articles carried 
in stock to excellent advantage. The firm is composed of 
Miss Laila E. Smith and Miss Clara E. Barto, both natives 
of this State, well and favorably known in this commu- 
nity. Fine millinery goods, comprising ribbons, laces, 
velvets, flowers, feathers, etc., are to be found in great 
variety at this establishment, and the prices satisfactory. 

F. GOODHUE, dealer in Crockery and Glass, 
Silver Ware, Lamp Goods, Wall Paper, Curtains, etc., 
Presque Isle, Me. — A tasteful dinner set or tea set adds so 
much to the enjoyment of a meal and to the appearance 
of a table, that it may justly be classed high among the 
things which make a home attractive, and beautiful sets 
can now be bought for so small an amount of money, that 
there is no reason why all should not possess them. 
Should any of our readers doubt this statement, we will 
not waste their time and our own in argument, but will 
simply advise them to visit the establishment conducted 
by Mr. F. Goodhue, for here may be found the latest 
novelties in crockery and glass ware, besides a full slock 
of silver ware, lamp goods, wall paper, curtains, etc. The 
lowest market rates are quoted on all the goods handled. 
The store used is located centrally in Bolton's new block. 
City square, and measures 20x45 feet with basement. 
The stock is fresh, varied and attractive, the articles com- 
posing it are guaranteed to prove as represented and 
prompt and polite attention is assured to every caller. 
Mr. Goodhue is a native of Albion, Me., and has carried 
on his present enterprise since 1879, the firm name at that 
time being Goodhue & Lane, they being succeeded in 1890 
by the present proprietor who has built up a large busi- 
ness by enterprising methods and fair dealing, and those 
who have dealt with him, will agree with us in all we say. 



"^^TtTHEN ill PRESQUE ISLE, and in want of strictly 


drop into 


^where you will receive prompt attention and a kindly 

JOSEPH I. ROBERTS, Planing and Moulding 
Mill, Presque Isle. — It is said that American wood work- 

' iog machinery is the most efficient in the world, and it is 
easy to believe that such is the case, for it would seem 
impossible to further improve on some of the machinery 
found in our moulding, planing and saw mills. The mill 
carried on by Mr. Joseph Roberts is a good place to 
observe to what perfection woodworking machinery has 
been brought, for it is very completely fitted up, and a 
large variety of work, including turning, planing, mould- 
ing, and band sawing is done here in accordance with the 
most approved methods. Mr. Roberts is a native of 
Caribou. Maine, and succeeded Mr. \V. D. Graves, Jr., in 
1899. He gives close atteution to the filling of orders, and 
is moderate in his charges, although his work is unsur- 
passed for accuracy, and commissions are executed at very 
short notice, the mill comprising two floors, 30x75 feet in 

<aiz8, and ample water power being available. 

JOHN" WILSON & SON, Manufacturers of 
Builders' Finish and Shingles, Presque Isle. — The number 
and variety of the articles coming under the head of 
builders' finish have greatly increiseil of late years, and a 
large an 1 complete plant of the m)3t improved michinery 
is now absolutely indispensable to the minufacture of a 
full liaii of sii -.U gos-is. The plant operated by Messrs. 
Jo'ia Wilsjci & Soa is strictly first-class aad is very c^m- 
plet!, so till', thit firm are prepared tj furnish builders' 
fi lisli of all kinls at vary shirt notice and at the lowest 
prj7iiliQg ra'.es. S'liugles also are largely mmufactured, 
an i jjttoii p-ic33 will hj qiitei on all grades and on 
lar.;8 aad s;n ill lots. Tne firm is coastituted ot Messrs. 
Jo'ia';anl C larles 'X,. Wilson, anl began business in 
Pi'esqu! Isle in 1831, hiviag formerly beea located in 
Wishburn. Their present mill is 30X60 feet in dimen- 
aio IS, is supjjliel with a 6)-horse eagiae, and employ- 
•la !at is given to from six to tea assistants, so that the mist 
•aiteasive orders cin be filled at ciiapiratively short 
o»otice, as well as at prices as low as the lowest. 

PHAIR HOTEL, James IL Phair, Proprietor, 
special attention given to Commercial Jlen, Presque Isle, 
Me. — If an experienced commercial traveler should be 
called upon to testify in court concerning the character of 
American hotels in general he might justly claim "expert" 
witness fees, for commercial men are certainly experts on 
that subject and therefore when they unite in endorsing a 
hotel it is perfectly safe to assume that that hotel is about 
" as good as they make 'em," the attending conditions 
being of course taken into consideration. The proprietor 
of the Phair Hotel gives special attention to commercial 
men and they return the compliment by giving special 
attention to the Phair Hotel which they pronounce one of 
the best-managed and most agreeable public houses in this 
section of the State. The owner and manager is Mr. 
James H. Phair, and commercial men in particular and ihe 
guests of the house in general are fond of declaring that 



the "phair" treataient they receive at his hands causes 
them to verj' pleasantly remember the hotel and to recom- 
mend it earnestly to all visitors to this vicinity. Mr. 
Phair was born in Maine, served in the army during the 
Rebellion, and inaugurated bis present enterprise in 1884. 
The house can comfortably accommodate forty gui-sts and 
is advantageously located, well furnished and well kept in 
every part. A free hack is run in connection with the 
house. The table is supplied with an altundance of .good, 
substantial food, well cooked and neatly served ; and a 
sufficient number of as.-istants is employed to ensure 
prompt service to guests at all times. 

A. R. GOULD, formerly of Bangor, i.s one of 
the prominent business men of the town ; indeed few men 
in the county are doing a more varied and extensive 
business, and probably none surpass him in enterprises 
that yield large returns of local benefit. Mr. Gould is of 
the type of men especialy calculated to build up and 
improve his surroundings. As a business man he has a 
quick and clear judgment, ready and prompt decision, and 
very large executive ability. Added to these qualities he 
is by temperament highly liberal and enterprising. In 
short, Gould is broad gauged and hustling, and as a natural 
result quite a successful man. He came from Bangor 
to Presque Isle some four years ago. His first important 
business move a year or so subsequently thereto, V9as his 
purchase from Hon. C. F. A. Johnson of the valuable 
saw mill property located on the Presque Isle stream, 
Bridge street. This mill is equipped witli the most 
improved machinery for manufacturing all kinds of long 
and short lumber, and under Mr. Gould's management its 
capacity has been nearly or quite doubled. Its yearly out- 
put now runs up to several millions, most of which is 
shipped to Boston by rail. To his lumber business Mr. 
Gould lust 3'ear added a brick yard, where he manufact- 
ures about one million brick annually. He employs sev- 
eral large crews during the winter season getting lumber 
to stock his mill witli, and in its manufacture and in 
his other branches of business, he gives regular employ- 
ment during the summer months to something like filty 

But it is iu the line of real estate and land development 
that Mr. Gould's peculiar business instincts have been 
displayed most characteristically since settling in Presque 
Isle. Some two years since he purchased a tract of land 
lying on the west side < f the Presque Isle stream, extend- 
ing northward from Park street, and containing something 
over a hundred acres. This tract is quite centrally 
located, but previous to Mr. Gould's acquisiiion of it the 
onlj' access to the portion of it available for desirable resi- 
dence sites, was by a narrow and -wamp)- way running 
northward from Bridge street, which served the double 
purpose of a lane lor a cow pasture and a thoroughfare 
for the inhabitants of a number of ill kept shanties which 
bordered it. To this uninviting feature was added the 
fact that a small portion of the tract stretching northward 
from Park or Bridge street was low and wet, and the 
whole rough and disfigured by stumps, stones and bushes. 
But Mr. Gould's ej'e caught on to the possibilities of this 
tract. He saw in the long high ridge which stretched 
half a luile or more northward, following the windings of 
the smooth and pleasant stream, and falling in easy slopes 
and undulations to its bank, sightly and handsome lots for 
residences. He saw that the land could be cleared and 
smoothed and the wet part easily drained ; he saw also that 
a bridge could be thrown across the stream at a point that 
would make the best part of the tract readily and easily 
accessible from the principal street of the village. With 
such a man as Gould original and shrewd perception of 
an object to be attained is coupled with executive ability 
to bring it about, and the result is that within a 3'ear he 
had the stream spanned by a handsome bridge, the land 
thoroughly drained, largely cleared and smoothed, laid 
out into wide, straight streets, and divided into building- 

lots. What was formerly a straggling lane has be«i» 
transformed into a wide smooth street, running along for 
some distance on the west i-ide of the stream, as straiglit 
as an arrow. Within the past year Mr. Gould has built a 
handsome and expensive residence for himself on a, 
sightly point, around which a number of other neat^ 
houses are springing up, and all in all, " Gouldville," as it is- 
termed, is the coming and growing section of the village. 
It is the phce to which intenoing builders of homes in this 
thrifty village, and even those who are seeking invest- 
ment in lots to sell again, will naturally turn both for the 
reason that the prospective growth of the village is here, 
and the consequent appreciation in value, and also from, 
the fact that it is decidedly the best, pleasantest and most, 
convenient residence section at present unoccupied. 
Furthermore, this locality is attractive to men of small 
means who desire to acquire homes on easy terms, from 
the fact that Mr. Gould proposes, in addition to putting the 
lots on the market at a reasonable price, to supply intend- 
ing builders with brick and all kinds of lumber on easy 
terms of payment. This is a business policy by which 
both individuals and the public are largely benefitted, and 
Mr. Gould deserves just credit, not only for the enterprise- 
that has thrown open this laree and eligible addition to the 
residence portion of the village, but also for the liberal 
business methods that make it available to those of moder- 
ate as well as large means. 

S. H. WEYMAN, Wheelwright and Wood- 
worker, Presque Isle, Me. — The schoolboy who said that. 
" a wheelwright is a man who rights wheels," was not so 
far wrong as he might have been, and, indeed, was correct 
enough as far as he went, for an important part of a wheel- 
wright's business most cerlainly is to "right," or put in 
order, wheels, but he must also be prepared to make 
wheels if necessary, and to make and repair the running 
gear of vehicles in general Air. S. H. Weyman is pre- 
pared to do even more than this, for he is a general wood- 
worker as well as a wheelwright, and has the facilities, 
the skill and the disposition to do first class work at short 
notice and at moderate rates. Mr. Weyman maki-s a spe- 
cialty of the manufacture of jiggers. He is a native of 
New Brunswick and has carried on his present establish- 
ment since 1890 The premises made use of comprise two 
floors, each measuring 40x50 feet, and are fitted up with 
all necessary tools, etc , to enable operations to be carried 
on to excellent advantage. Repairing is given special 
attention, and will be done in a very neat and durable 
manner at low rates. 

W. R PIPES, Dry and Fancy Goods, Presque 
Isle, Me. — Every business establishment has a character of 
its own as surely as every individual has. and as the dis- 
tinguishing characteristic of the enterprise carried on by 
Mr. W. R Pipes is reliability, it is natural that it should 
be very popular with the purchasing public, for all of us 
like to feel assured of getting what we pay for, and it is 
Mr. Pipe's invariable policy to represent his goods just as 
they are and return full value for money received He is- 
a native of New Brunswick, and has been identified with 
his present enterprise for the past ten years. The premises 
occupied are located at No. 11 Main street, and are 32x60' 
feet in dimensions. The stock comprises dry and fancy 
goods, ladies' cloaks, boots and ^hoes, etc., and is the most 
complete in each department of any store of a similar 
nature in Presque Isle. All tastes and all purses can eas- 
ily be suited. Mr. Pipes quotes prices as low as can be 
named on first-class goods, and with the help of three effi- 
cient assistants is enabled to give every caller immediate 
and courteous attention. Mr. Pipes began business in a 
siuall way, and by close attention to it together with his. 
liberal methods of dealing with the public, he has suc- 
ceeded in building up a prosperous and steadily growing: 




Presque Isle. Me. — The Presque Isle National Bank com- 
menced business January 2, 1888, so that the condition of 
affairs which led to its incorporation is still fresh i'n the 
minds of the public and needs no explanation here. Suf- 
fice it to say there was a general feeling that the great 
■Uevelopment of this section of late years and the strong 
probability of still greater development in the near future 
combined to malie additional banking facilities absolutely 
necessary; and the results attained by the furnishing of 
such have, we believe, been perfectly satisfactory to all 
parties concerned and justified the predictions of those 
who most cordiallj' favored the proposed institution Its 
facilities have been largely availed of, the individual 
deposits now aggregating about |100.000, and the fact that 
the surphis and undivided profits aggreg.ated nearly $16,- 
OOO as far hack as November. 1890, is additional evidence 
-of large business and hearty popular support as well as of 
prudent and able management, and the eflect of this evi- 
'dence is made even stronger by a study of the following 
report of the condition of the bank at the date mentioned, 
^November 1, 1890. 


Loans and discounts $11.5,767.84 

U. S. bonds to secure circulation 12,500.00 

Due from approved agents 25,357.62 

Due from other national banks 1,608.58 

Banking furniture and fixtures 7,000.00 

■Ourrent expenses and taxes paid 479.83 

Premium on U. S. bonds 2,500.00 

Redemption fund with U. S. Treasurer 562.50 

Oashou hand 14,278.48 



Capital stock paid in $50,000.00 

••Surplus fund 11,000.00 

^Undivided profits 4,674.98 

JSTational bank notes outstanding 11,350.00 

Dividends unpaid 12.00 

Individual deposits 99,953.00 

Demand certificates of deposit 3,164.87 


The institution is thoroughly well equipped for the 
■carrying on of a general banking business, including the 
reception of deposits, collection of drafts, purchase and 
«ale of standard securities, and the discounting of approved 
•oomiuercial paper; and it is prepared to receive the 
accounts of firms, of corporations, of institutions and of 
individuals on the most favorable terms, and to give 
.prompt and careful attention to all business placed in its 
hands. The officers and directors are men thoroughly 
identified with the advancement of the best interests of 
this section, as will be seen by the following list: J. W. 
Bolton, president; G. H. Freemau, vice-president; A. H. 
Jenks, cashier Directors: James \V, Bolton, George H. 
Freeman, Morril N. Drew, Jarvis Hayward, Luman S. 
■ Judd, Llewellyn Powers. Chas. F. Daggett, Thos. H. 
Phair, William C. Spaulding. 

L. I. WHEELER, manufacturer of Sleighs and 
Wagons, Horse Shoeing a Specialty, Presque Isle, Me. — 
The chances are that a great many owners and users of 
sleighs and wagons are included among our readers, and 
the establishment carried on by Mr. L. I. Wheeler, in this 
■town, is of special interest to this class, for Mr. Wheeler 
■is a carriage manufacturer and blacksmith, and has 
improved facilities at hand for the doing of such work, 
isnaking a specialty of horseshoeing. He is a native of 
-i*itisfield. Me., and has been identified with his present 

enterprise since 1890, though the shop, has been estab- 
lished for many years previously. The premises made use 
of include a carriage and blacksmith shop of the dimen- 
sions 40X'50 feet, both being completely fitted up, and 
employment being given to three experienced assistants, 
so that orders can be filled at short notice — a point that 
will be especially appreciated by those who want a wagon 
or sleigh repaired and cannot afford to be long deprived of 
the use of it. The work done here is dependable in the 
full sense of the word, for selected material is used, and 
the workmanship is first class throughout, while his prices 
are reasonable for such kind of work. 

G. A. COOK, Wholesale and Retail dealer in 
Groceries and Provisions, Bolton Block, Bridge Street, 
Presque Isle, Me. — There is a familiar old saying to the 
effect that a stream cannot rise higher than its source, and 
it is equally true that the retail establishment devoted to 
any special line of business cannot offer first-class induce- 
ments if they are obliged to depend upon second-class 
wholesale houses to furnish them with their supplies. It 
is therefore clear that every resident of Presque Isle and 
vicinity is directly interested in the character of the local 
wholesale grocery houses, for groceries rank with the 
necessities of life and it is of the first importance to be 
able to buy them to the best possible advantage. The 
business carried on by Mr. G. A. Cook, may justly be 
regarded as the representative wholesale and retail gro- 
cery house of this town, for the enterprise conducted by 
him, is of long and honorable standing, having been car- 
ried on since 1882. Extensive premises are occupied at 
corner of Bridge and Main streets, in the Bolton Block, 
and consists of a store 36x80 feet in dimensions, together 
with an oil and flour cellar, and a very large stock is car- 
ried at all times, being made up of staple groceries and 
provisions, oil, etc., etc., and being remarkably complete 
in every department. Mr. Cook, who is a native of 
Ellsworth, Me., is in a position to easily meet all honor- 
able competition, for he enjoys most favorable relations 
with producers and has a well-earned reputation for quot- 
ing b ittom prices, as well as for handling goods that will 
please the most select trade. 

RAMAIN MICHAUD, dealer in Meats, Fish 
and Vegetables of all kinds, No. 4 Bridge Street. Presque 
Isle, Me. — There is probably no housekeeper but what has 
experienced more or less diflSculty in obtaining entirely 
satisfactory meats, for the payment of the highest market 
rales by no means assures the purchaser of getting first- 
class goods, as many of our readers undoubtedly know 
from practical experience. This is not always the fault of 
the dealer, for mistakes are sure to happen in every line of 
business, and sometimes these mistakes are entirely excu- 
sable, but nevertheless it is perfectly safe to say that, gen- 
erally speaking, those who are willing to pay for high 
grade meats should be able to depend upon being supplied 
with such, and in this connection we may very fittingly 
call attention to the facilities offered by Mr. Ramain 
Michaud at No. 4 Bridge street, for here may always be 
found a first class assortment of fresh meats, and those 
who want choice cuts of beef, mutton or lamb, should by 
all means give this popular establishment a call. Mr. 
Michaud gives personal attention to the filling of orders, 
besides employing a number of efficient assistants, so that 
callers are sure of prompt and polite service. Fresh fish 
and vegetables of all kinds are largely dealt in, and the 
prices quoted will be found strictly in accordance with the 
lowest market rates. In connection with this business 
Mr. Michaud has a slaughter house located near the trot- 
ting park, where he keeps from twenty to fifty hogs the 
year round, and slaughters about one and one half tons per 
week of meats of all kinds, besides butchering a lare 
amount for the public. 



H. C. REDMAN, Livery and Feed Stable, 
Prcsque Isle, Me. — The majority of those who patronize 
livery stables are not unreasonable and therefore do not 
expect to be furnished with horses that can trot in 2:50, or 
with carriages that look as though they never had been 
used, but even the best natured customer may be excused 
for kicking when he is supplied with the lame apology 
for a horse, and the antediluvian vehicle which some pub- 
lic stable keepers seem to think ought to be entirely satis- 
factory. It is \fry poor policy to force patrons to put up 
with such "accommodations," for it has a tendency to 
disgust them with hiring teams, and to cause them either 
to give up driving or to get a turnout of their own. We 
think that the methods followed by Mr. H. C. Redman 
might be profitably imitated by some other stable keepers 
whom we could name, for he spares no pains to keep a 
sufficiency of desirable teams on hand for livery purpos-es, 
and, although he makes no extravagant claims, still, his 
rigs will compare favorably with the average private turn- 
outs in this vicinity. Mr. Redman is a native of this State, 
and succeeded to his present business in 1888. The prem- 
ises utilized are spacious, and measure 36x110 feet, being 
well arranged, and include accommodations for some 
forty horses, A general livery and feed business is done, 
and employment is given to efficient assistants so that all 
orders are assured immediate and careful attention, and 
the charges are moderate. 


tory, Carriages and Sleighs manufactured and repaired, J. 
G. Hilt & Son, Presque Isle, Me.— Since Mr. J. G. Hilt 
began the manufacturing and repairing of carriages and 
sleighs, etc., on Academy street, some years ago, his work 
has become bo thoroughly and favorably known to the res- 
idents of Presque Isle, that nothing we can say concerning 
it will be new to them, but as this book will circulate 
widely in other sections, we take pleasure in making prom- 
inent mention of Mr. Hilt's productions in the hope of 
inducing those who need a strictly reliable vehicle to inves- 
tigate the advantages he oflers. He has had long and 
varied experience in the carriage business, and allows no 
imperfect work to leave his shop with his knowledge. 
Only first class workmen are employed and none but the 
best of materials used, good, honest work and a thorough 
job every time for a moderate price. Mr. Hilt is also the 
owner for the county of the automatic wagon brake, and 
for the town of Presque Isle for the sled brake, and is 
prepared to fit them onto wagons and sleds. A single trial 
will convince anyone of the superiority of these brakes. 
On April 1, 1891. Mr. Frank E. Hilt, the son, was admitted 
to partnership. The firm have recently added steam power 
and machinery to facilitate the production of their work. 

COX & GRAVES, Grocers and dealers in. 
Cracked Corn, Corn Meal, Flour, Buckwhfat Flour,. 
Mixed Feed of all Kinds, Wholesale and Retail, Preeque- 
Isle, Me. — It is unnecessary to dwell upon the imporlancet- 
of being able to purchase grain, fiour and feed, etc., iib 
any desired quantities at the lowest market rates, for the 
advantages derived from an enterprise which has for its- 
object the furnishing of an abundant and dependable sup- 
ply of those staple commodities at bottom prices, are so- 
obvious as to be understood by every member of the com- 
munity. Therefore it goes without saying that the estab- 
lishment conducted by Messrs. Cox and Graves, is popu- 
lar throughout this vicinity, for they do a large retaiL. 
business and wholesale as well in cracked corn, corn 
meal, flour, buckwheat flour, and mixed feed of all kinds, 
all supplied from the finely equipped grist mill, run by 
water power, conducted by the senior member of this firm, 
Mr. S. Co.x. So that the proprietors are in a position to- 
meet all honorable competition in their line of business, 
filling the most extensive orders at short notice and alwaya- 
quoting prices in accordance with the lowest market rates. 
A well stocked grocery store is also carried on by this- 
enterprising firm, and is 25x40 feet in dimensions, while 
the grist mill is conveniently located, and employment 
given to four efficient assistants. Mr. Cox, is a native of 
New Brunswick, and Mr. Graves of this town, and started 
this enterprise in 1888, since which lime an extensive- 
patronage has been built up. 

A. E. WIGHT, Real Estate Agent, Main. 
Street, Presque Isle, Me. — The real estate business con- 
ducted by Mr. A. E. Wight on Main street, was founded' 
in 1890, so that the public have bad ample opportunity to 
become conversant with Mr. Wight's methods, and to 
judge intelligently concerning his facilities and ability. 
That the verdict is distinctly favorable is evidenced by the 
present magnitude of his busines^^, and indeed but few 
inquiries are necessary in order to demonstrate the fact 
that Mr. Wight is considered a competent authority on 
real estate matters, making his cooperation of great value- 
to those seeking dependable and "inside" information con- 
cerning this class of property. His office is on Main street, 
and as he always has on his books some very desirable real 
estate, to sell, rent, or exchange, those wishing to invest 
in, to dispose of, or to hire a house, store, or tenement,^ 
may save themselves time, trouble, and perhaps money,, 
by taking advantage of the facilities here provided. Infor- 
mation will be cheerfully and courteously given, and wfe- 
are confident our readers will have reason to thank us foB- 
calling their attention to this popular agency. 


A township map of Aroostook county has an even, regular and conventional appearance in strik- 
ing contrast with that of maps of most other New England counties, and also in marked contrast with 
the actual appearance of the wild and beautiful country comprised within its limits, for Aroostook 
county is divided into many square townships of equal size so that a map of it resembles a checker 
board instead of looking like "crazy patchwork," as the colored maps of nearly all other counties in the 
New England states do. So universal are these equal squares throughout the county that any excep- 
tion to them at once attracts the attention of even a casual observer, and so it is that Fort Fairfield is 
one of the first townships to catch the eye, for it is oblong instead of square in shape, it being made 
up of two townships, one directly north of the other. The natural inference would be that this is an 
especially important town and this inference would be found on further investigation to be strictly 
correct, for Fort Fairfield is one of the most prosperous towns in Aroostook county — which is equiv- 
alent to saying that it is one of the most prosperous in New England as Aroostook county is enjoying 
at least as high a degree of prosperity as any other section of " Yankeeland." 

Fort Fairfield is a border town and owes its warlike name to that circumstance, for during the 
"Aroostook war," caused by dispute concerning the boundary line between the United States and 
British America, a military post was established within the limits of the present township and a fort 
was erected for the purpose of better enabling the troops to repel the expected invasion. But, as our 
readers are doubtless aware, the "Aroostook war" was an almost entirely bloodless struggle in spite 
of its formidable name, and the early annals of Fort Fairfield are happily free from the stain of any 
blood other than that of the bears, wolves, catamounts and other "varmints" that disputed the efforts 
of the pioneer settlers to establish a home in the wilderness. The fort was named in honor of John 
Fairfield who was governor at the time of its erection. The history of the township covers a period 
of just about three-quarters of a century, the first settlements having been made about 1816 by people 
from the adjacent province of New Brunswick, but for all practical purposes the birth of the town 



occurred in 1858, for it was incorporated March 11th of that year, having at that time just about 
doubled the population of 401 which it had at the beginning of the decade, or in 1850. In 1860 the 
population had increased to 901 and an even larger proportionate gain was made from 1860 to 1870 in 
spite of the deterring influences of the civil war, Fort Fairfield's population in 1870 amounting to 1,893. 
The succeeding decade witnessed another pronounced gain, the population in 1880 having been 2,807, 
and the 1890 census gives the town a population of 3,526, so it will be seen that its progress is con- 
stantly "upward and onward." The increase in valuation during the past thirty years has been even 
more remarkable. In 1860 the valuation of estates in town was $75,975.00. During the next ten years 
a phenomenal gain was made, the estates in 1870 being valued at $270,800.00. In 1880 the estate val- 
uation had risen to $468,471.00, and in 1890 to $893,593.00. 

We give herewith an illustration of the 
residence of E. E. Scales, which is one of the 
finest in Fort Fairfield. It is situated on 
Fort Hill and commands a fine view of the 
river and the surrounding country. It is 
heated with hot air and hot water, and has 
hot water throughout the house. Mr. S. D. 
Beckwith was the architect, which is a 
suflicient guarantee that the house is well 
arranged. We present a fine cut of this 
handsome residence. 

The town's surface is uneven and there is 
an abundance of beautiful scenery in town, 
but there are no high hills and the soil is 
easily tilled and is wonderfully productive, 
this town holding the record for the largest 
crop of potatoes per acre ever raised in the 
east. The record rests on no man's "say so" but was established by oflicial count which placed the 
yield from one acre at 745 bushels and 25 pounds. The potatoes were raised by Mr. Philo Reed, 
who lives about two miles from Fort Fairfield village. This banner crop was produced in 1890 
and was sold to Messrs. Thurlough & Richards of Fort Fairfield at the rate of $2.15 per barrel. 
Potato raising and potato shijjping are so largely engaged in by residents of Fort Fairfield and 
have so important a bearing upon its influence and development that no apology is necessary 
for introducing the following article, condensed from the town's lively and well edited local 
newspaper. The Fort Fairfield Gazette: 

"Aroostook and potatoes have become almost synonymous terms, to such a high place in the esti- 
mation of consumers and wholesale dealers in seed, have potatoes grown in our fertile valley of Aroos- 
took attained ; and if the county ever adorns its oflicial documents with a county seal, the hand hoe 
and potato digger ought certainly to occupy a conspicuous place. Going back some 20 years, the 
chief, and in fact only source by which ready money was attainable, was made by hauling produce to 
JBangor markets and supplying the lumber camps. Those were days many of our farmers remembered 
as the 'good old times.' They paid $15.00 for a barrel of flour and 25 cents per pound for pork, and 
received $6.00 per bushel for herds grass, then their most paying crop. 1876 was the year in which the 
first potato crop of any size was planted, and in 1882 the high price of $3.25 per barrel was paid. This 
gave an impetus to the trade which it has never lost, but in the following year, '83, they were only 
worth 35 cents per barrel, and upwards of ten car loads were shipped to Houlton to make starch at 
30 cents per barrel ; an event which is not likely to happen again, with three starch factories in town. 
But with these discouragements, early frosts and individual failures taken into account, the Aroostook 
farmer justly believes in potatoes, and the season which is just closing, and that which has just begun, 
for they overlap each other, will make the greatest advance which has yet been made. 

"Through the courtesy of the potato buyers, we are enabled to give the following figures which 
we believe to be thoroughly correct and reliable : 

Residence of E. E. Scates. 



"Total amount paid, §445,308.00 ; total amount of barrels shipped, 203,370 ; average amount paid 
^er barrel, $2.25 ; highest price paid, $3.75 ; length of season, forty-one weeks. 

"Amount paid for potatoes for starch included in above, §30,000.00. 

" This gives the remarkable average of 81,810.19 per working day, paid in cash to our farmers. 

"The following figures are interesting and help to give some idea of what our farmers receive in 
<;ash for potatoes alone : 

Main Steeet, Foet Faiefield. 

"The area of the township is 40,080 acres. About one-third of this is under cultivation; this 
igives us 15,360 acres, and taking ten per cent as the amount of land occupied by potatoes last year; 
this gives us 1536 acres in potatoes, which divided into $445,308 gives us $289.91 per acre, but 
this, evidently, is too much. It is in fact about double the average amount per acre. 

"This brings us to the conclusion that Fort Fairfield is the centre of trade for an area, which is, 

-at the least, twice the size of its own township. Again we have about 904 polls, multiply this by two 

as we did with the acreage ; this gives 1,210, which divided into $445,308.00 gives $368.00 per year, 

or more than $1.00 per day to every poll in an area at least 12 miles by 12 or double the size of our 

■own township. 

" We think from the above we are justified in saying 'Aroostook ' and ' potato ' are synonymous." 

Additional evidence of Fort Fairfield's great importance as a centre of production and distribu- 
•tion is afforded by the fact that more than 1,300 loaded cars were sent from this station during the 
ipast year — an average of more than four per day for every working day in the year. Manufacturing 
■is largely carried on and there are some excellent water powers in town, these being on streams tribu- 
tary to the Aroostook River which enters the town near its northwest corner, flows southeast to Fort 
Fairfield village and then turns to the northeast and leaves the township at a point nearly opposite 
that at which it entered. A few miles from the New Brunswick line the Aroostook loses its identity 
as a river, its point of Junction with the river St. John being but a short distance from the Fort Fair- 
field boundary. The principal streams which flow into the Aroostook during its passage through the 



township are Johnston, Lovely, Grey and Hurd Brooks and Fitzherbert's Stream ; the chief water 
powers being furnished by the last named water course and by Lovely Brook, and among the estab- 
lishments whose machinery is driven by them may be mentioned a long lumber mill, a grist mill, a. 
■wool carding mill, a woodworking mill, and a starch factory. Other streams passing through Fort 
Fairfield are Livingstone River which crosses its north-east corner and receives a good-sized tributary 
from the west ; and the River De Chute which also receives a tributary stream from the township and 
which crosses its south-west corner. 

The manufacturing establishment* 
of the town are by no means confined 
to those run by water-power, there 
being several large steam mills, one 
of which produces about 15,000,000- 
shingles annually, and another turns- 
out half a million per week. There 
are also smaller mills, factories and 
shops of various kinds, and the- 
articles produced at Fort Fairfield 
include lumber (long and short), 
bark, barrels, heading, staves, starch,, 
shoddy, carriages, coffins and cas- 
kets, meal and feed, harnesses, steam 
boilers, plaster, iron and steel goods- 
including cranks, axles, pitch-forks, 
blocks, etc., wagon brakes, general- 
wood work, etc. A considerable 
portion of the township is heavily 
wooded, there being a very large- 
amount of the best quality of birch 
and maple growth suitable for floor- 
ing, orange boxes, veneering, and' 
other hard wood articles. The util- 
ization of this growth is only a ques- 
tion of time and of no very long 
time either, and it is probable that 
Fort Fairfield will eventually become- 
as famous as a manufacturing as she- 
now is as an agricultural centre. 

The local trade interests of the 
town in general, and of the village 
in particular, are also destined t» 
become very extensive, they being already of very considerable importance and the village con- 
taining some of the largest and most elaborately fitted up stores in eastern Maine. Fort Fair- 
field's merchants are enterprising and aggressive but not speculative in their methods, and the 
wisdom of their management and the value of the opportunities open to them are indicated by 
the fact that there has not been a business failure in town for upwards of thirteen years — a record' 
hard to match among communities equal to that of Fort Fairfield in size and in the number of 
commercial enterprises. 

More than thirty substantial buildings were erected in the village and vicinity during the past 
season and this record is not exceptional but may be accepted as a fair example of the present rate o£ 
growth of this energetic town. 

Aroostook Falls. 

( Jam of Seven Million Feet of Logs.) 



Fort Fairfield has enjoyed railway facilities since 1875, it being on the branch of the New Brnns- 
■wick Railroad which has its terminus at Presque Isle. The town possesses many of the character- 
istics of a modern American city, such as extensive and well equipped mercantile establiphmenls, laige 
mills and factories, numerous school edifices among which is a handsome and commodious high school 
building, fine churches, and elegant residences. It is supplied with water and is illuminated by the 
Frontier Water and Electric Light Company, the service being excellent in every respect, and property 
is protected by a well equipped fire department of which G. E. Jewett is chief engineer. 

The town offers many advantageous openings to capitalists, manufacturers, farmers and mer- 
chants ; it is growing rapidly, steadily and substantially, and by the time the coming century opens- 
■will probably have attained such large development and changed so materially in every way as to have 
fully justified even the most sanguine predictions of those who fully appreciate the many advantages- 
it now controls. 

Representative Business Men of Fort Fairfield, Me. 

SCATES & CO., dealers in Drugs, Medicines 
and Chemicals, Brushes. Sponges, Soaps, Toilet Articles, 
Books, Stationery, Kort Fairfield, Me. — (Jne ol the estab- 
lishments in whica the res-idents of Foit Fairtieid put 
great confidence, is that which is conduct! d iindtr the 
name of Scates & Co , for during the years that this enter- 
prise has been carried on it has been managed in a tiiraight- 
forward manner that is worthy of unresetved commeuila- 
tion. This establishmeDt was originally started by Jlr. J. 
Dufton in 1879, and came into the possession of the present 
proprietor, Mr. E. E. Scates, in 1880 He is a native of 
Gorham, N. H. He has been clerk of the village corpora- 
tion, is secretary Fort Fairfield Sewerage Co., and member 
of Board of Health. He occupies the corner sloie in Cutts' 
new block and has one of ihe finest drug stores in the 
State, it being finished in butternut, has marble tile floor, 
French plate windows, etc. It has two entrances, one on 
Main street and one on Foit Mill street. An immense 
quantity of drugs, medicines, chemicals, etc., are sold 
in the course of a year, and the purity and freshness 
of the articles used in compounding prescriptions, 
causes this establishment to be very generally patronized 
by those having such orders to fill. There is no element 
of chance allowed to enter into the operation of Ihe pre- 
scription department at this store, for tlie most improved 
facilities are provided, and only skilled and experienced 
assistants are employed. The charges made are always 
reasonable, being as low as is consistent with the invariable 
use if the best materials. Prompt and efficient assistants 
are in attendance, and annoying delays are therefore of 
very rare occurrence. The stock constantl}' dealt in 
includes in addition to drugs, medicines, chemicals, etc., 
brushes, sponges, soaps, toilet articles, and books, station- 
er}', also fine cigars and tobacco. The following are the 
specialties prepared at this pharmacy : Dr. Gold's Royal 
Balsam, cures coughs, colds, croup, and all throat and lung 
troubles ; stops that troublesome cough at night. Dr. 
Gold's Preservative Tooth Powder, prevents Ihe teeth from 
decaying, removes tartar and makes them white. Dr. 
Hooper's Scratch Ointment, best in the world for scratches 
and old sores ; try it and you will use no other for your 
horses. Dr. Hooper's Cathartic Pills, cure all liver troubles; 
they are a safe, pleasant and agreeable family phyfic. Dr. 
Hooper's Worm Powders, a sure, safe and reliable worm 
expeller ; the most easily administered to children of all ages 
of any worm medicine on the market. Dr. Hooper's Con- 
dition Powders ; every farmer should have a package in his 
stable. Scate's Magic Corn and Wart Remover is a safe, 
speedy and painless cure for corns, bunions and en Houses. 

Novelties, Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Silverware, Room> 
Paper, Curtains, Spotting and Fancy Goods, Fort fair- 
field. Me. — Tlie name of " Goodhue ihe Jeweler," might. 
be fittingly changtd to " Good value the Jeweler, " it a- 
name characteristic of the busines-s policy of its owner 
were needed, for there is no jeweler in the State who gives- 
better value in all lines of goods, hut the residents ot this 
section will bear that fact in mind without being reminded 
of it by any change in name, and it would ceitainly be 
poor policy to alter a name so widely and favorably known 
as the one in question. The business carried on under 
it was founded in 1859 by Mr. I. W. Goodhue, who set- 
tled at Fort Fairfield after being a number of years in the- 
jewelry business in Bangor. He began in a tmall way 
and it was not until after the building of therailioad in 
1874 that conditions were such as to give opportunity for 
pronounced growth. In 1879 Mr. Goodhue nmoved from 
the lower to what is now Ihe main village, but in less than 
a year was burned out and then took a small store in the 
Dresser Block. In 1883 Mr. A. F. Goodhue took an inter- 
est in the business, which was at once removed to the 
Collins House block, and within two years the growth of ' 
trade made it necessary to occupy the adjoining store also. 
The present premises have four large show windows and 
two entrances, and are almost as allraclive wilhcut as 
within but not quite, for Mr. Goodhue carries the largest 
stock in Aroostook, and it is skillfully chosen and taste- 
fully displayed, and so varied that all tastes and purses 
can be suited. We cannot describe it, but will simply say- 
that Mr. Goodhue's specialties are watches, clocks, jew- 
elry, silver ware, stationery, room paper, curtains, sport- 
ing and fancy goods, and an exc' ptionally full line of" 
holiday novelties at the proper season. Very low prices 
are quoted on all the articles dealt in, but most important 
of all is the fact — well known of course to many of our 
readers— that every article, large or small, costly or cheap^ 
bought here will prove just as represented in every respect. 
The above firm do more repairing on watches, clocks,, 
jewelry, musical instruments, etc., etc., than any other- 
place in Aroostook, and Ihe proof of this statement is that 
three first-class workmen are at the bench the most of the 
time, some of whom have the experitnce of over forty 
years. All work intrusted to their care receive their best 
attention and is lully guaranteed to give perfect satislaction 
in every respect or money refunded. They also have Ihe 
only regular jewelry safe in the county, weighing 5430 
pounds, where all articles left for repairs are deposiledi 
each night, guaranteeing perfect safety to Iheir customers- 



-and Retail (irocers and General Commission Merchants, 
Fort Fairfield, Me. — Oomparativel}' few of us are able to 
judge of the merits of groceries before using them, and 
-even those who are competent to do so do not care to 
' fflilnutely examine every article submitted to them before 
.accepting it, and therefore it is obvious that, other things 
being equal, the dealer who is entirely trustworthy and 
who takes pains to see that his customers get just what 
they pay for, will build up the largest as well as the most 
desirable patronage. This being the case there is uo occa- 
sion for surprise at the extensive business done by Me-srs. 
Thurlough & Richards, for these gentlemen have been 
identified with their present business since 1889, and are 
successors to the firm of E. Merritt & Son. this store hav- 
ing been a branch of their Houlton establishment. The 
individual members of the firm are Mr. F. A. Thurlough, 
Mr. J. M. Thurlough and Mr. H. G. Richards, all of 
whom are natives of Maine, and well known throughout 
Fort Fairfield and vicinity. In view of tbeir experience it 
is superfluous to say they are thoroughly familiar with 
their business in every detail. They are naturally proud 
■of the honorable record of their establishment and it will 
be no fault of theirs if the service rendered in the future is 
■not even more economical and efficient than thit extended 
in tbe past. The premises made use of are 30xl'")U feet in 
dimensions and contain a heavy and varied slock, for 
Messrs. Thurlough & Richards are wholesale and retail 
-grocers and general commission merchants, tbey being 
■very extensively engaged in the shipping of potatoes. 
During tbe potato season of 1890 this firm paid out $83,- 
■000 for potatoes {including the pay for labor of handling 
ibem) and which took 233 cars to transport, they being 
shipped to various Western points. Four capable assist- 
-ants being employed, and particular attention is paid to 
-the requirementsof family trade, all orders being promptly 
filled, and every article guaranteed to prove as rep- 

FRENCH BROS., dealers in Dry and Fancy 
-<Joods, Fort Fairfield, Me. — It is a heavy and a varied 
«tock that is offered by French Bros., but after all, the 
highest praise that can be accorded it, is that all the many 
articles comprising it can be confidently guaranteed to 
.prove as represented. The establishment in question was 
founded about 1876, by E. M. Dresser, who was succeeded 
by the present firm in 1886. Messrs. French Brothers 
have won a high place in the confidence of the purchasing 
public, for tbey make it an invariable rule to sell goods 
-strictly on their merits, and display great enterprise in 
tcatering to all classes of trade. Messrs. A. O. and G. L. 
French are both natives ol Sangerville, Me., and are 
■'extremely well known personally throughout Fort Fair- 
field and vicinit}'. The premises occupied comprise a 
;8tore about 1500 square fet-t iu dimensions, containing a 
-stock of dry and fancy goods', millinery, cloaks, etc., 
•embracing the latest novelties in its various departments, 
the prices named on tbe same being as low as the lowest. 
Employment is given to four competent and courteous 
assistants and goods will be cheerfuily shown at any time. 
This is a irulj' representative establi-hment, and its high 
sianding is creilitable alike to the proprietor and to the 
■•community that give practical proof of their appreciation 
«>t honorable and enterprising methods. 

F. C. BOLSTER, Manufacturer of Wagons 
and Sleds; Blacksmithing ; Fort Fairfield, Me. — It is tbe 
simplest thing in the world to buy a cheap carriage but it 
is by no means so simple and easy to buy a carriage cheap, 
-and h-nce we feel that we are doing our readers a service 
"When we advise them to call upon Mr, F. C. Bolster when 
^.hey wish anything in the wagon or sled line for this gen- 
tleman not only quotes low prices but he furnishes 
■vehicles that will prove just as represented in every 

respect. Mr. Bolster is a native of Sangerville, IMe.. and 
served in tbe army during the Rebellion. He establislied 
hi-i present business at Fort Fairfield in 18oT, he being the 
only mecbanic in business now that was in business here 
at that time, and is thoroughly familiar with the manu- 
facture of wagons and sleds as well as blacksmithing in 
all its details. He utilizes premises covering an area of 
625 square feet, which is fitted up with every requisite 
facility for the manulacture, painting and repairing uf all 
kinds of vehicles, as well as every description ot black- 
smithing. Employment is given to a sufficient force of 
assistants, and every department of the business is care- 
fullj- supervised ; no pains being spared to satisf}' every 
patron and to deliver orders promptly at the time prom- 
ised in all cises. 

WM. SMALL & CO., General Store ; Furni- 
ture and Carpets a specialty ; Fort Fairfield, Me. — A very 
considerable proportion of those buying house furnishing 
goods are comparativelj' unfamiliar with the value of such 
articles, and hence must depend upon the integrity of the 
concern with which they do business for assurance that 
they will be given full value for all they are required to 
expend. For this reason it is but common sense to use 
careful discrimination before deciding where to place such 
orders, and we take pleasure in aiding our readers to 
arrive at a perfectly siti-factory decision by calling to 
their attention the facilities pos-sessed by Messrs. Win. 
Small & Co., for this firm not only have an enviable repu- 
tation for fair dealing, but they cany a stock and quote 
prices which enable them to easily meet all honorable 
competition. The partners are iMessrs. Wm. Small, a 
native of Maine, and C. W. Johnston, of New Brunswick. 
Both these gentlemen are widely and favorabl)' known 
throughout Fort Fairfield, Mr. Small having been select- 
man, while Mr. Johnston served in the army during tbe 
Rebellion, and has been town clerk. This firm keep a 
general store, making a specialty of furniture, carpets, etc. 
Upholstering is also done in the best manner and at low 
rates. The premises utilized comprise three floors and a 
basement, each 30x100 feet in dimensions, and no one 
wishing house furnishings of any kind should neglect giv- 
ing it a call, as time, money and trouble may be saved by 
doing so. Employment is given to thoroughly competent 
assistants, and orders will be filled in an accurate and 
painstaking manner at short notice, and at the lowest 
market rates. 

HOPKINS BROTHERS, dealers in Meats, 
Groceries and Provisions, Fort Fairfield, Me. — In order to 
carrj' on a really first-class market it is necessary to offer a 
carefully selected, as well as a large and varied stock, and 
the excellent reputation attained by the establishment 
conducted by Messrs. Hopkins Brothers is Urgely due to 
tbe care exercised in choosing only such articles as are 
adapted to first-class family trade. Messrs. Jas. R. and 
Eben S. Hopkins are both natives of Fort Fairfield, and 
have been identified with the meat and provision business 
since 1881, and located at their present establishment since 
1886. They now command a very desirable trade, for not 
only are tbeir goods equa' to the best in every respect but 
their prices are as low as can be quoted on articles of stan- 
dard quality. The premises made use ol cover an area of 
3,000 square feet, and contain a fine assortment of all 
kinds ot meats, groceries, and provisions. Messrs. Hop- 
kins Brothers are al.«o dealers in live and dressed stock, 
fresh and salt fish, fruit, vegetables, etc., and have their 
own slaughter house and farm. It bus been their aim 
from the first to completely satisfy every customei', and 
they have certainly spared no pains to do so. both as 
regards the quality of the articles offered and the prices 
quoted on them. An extensive business is transacted and 
eight well informed assistants are employed, and every 
customer is assured prompt as well as courteous attention. 



G. E. BARTLETT & CO., dealers in Diy Goods, 
Boots and Shoes, etc ; lowest prices in Aroostook ; Fort 
Fairfield, Me. — The establishment now conducted under 
the firm name of G. E. Bartlett & Co was founded in 
1886, and has become very widely and favorably known 
throughout Fort Fairfield, for the policy of Ihe concern 
from the very first has been to give full value for money 
received, selling goods strictly on their merits and fully 
guaranteeing them to prove as represented. Such a policy 
wjien consistently and persistently carried out can have 
bat one effect, and the enviable reputation of this firm 
proves that they have put the principle in question into 
practical operation. They carry a large and complete 
stock of dry and fancy goods, also a fine line of boots and 
shoes, the prices being guaranteed right in each depart- 
ment of the business. This fine new store is conveniently 
located, and is 24x'i'0 feet in dimensions. It has a fine 
plate glass window where one can see an attractive dis- 
play of dress goods, etc., which is often renewed with 
fresh novelties. The proprietor, Mr. G. E. Bartlett, is a 
native of Bangor, Me., and very well known throughout 
Fort Fairfield and vicinity. He makes it a rule to give all, 
orders received immediate and careful attention, carrying 
a stock complete in every department, containing goods 
suitable for both sexes and all ages, and particular atten- 
tion is paid to handling footwear that is not clnms}' and 
stift', but yet is strong and enduring. The dry goods 
department also contains many novelties and fashionable 
goods to choose from. Those who prefer plain goods will 
find articles suited to their tasle. Three assistants are 
employed, and callers are assured prompt and polite atten- 

J. H. WALLACE, Artist Pliotograplier ; all 

kinds of Photogiaphic Work done in the most artistic 
manner by the new Instantaneous Process ; no trouble to 
get the most perfect pictures of children by this process ; 
Pictures Enlarged and Framed ; Viewing a specialty ; 
Perkins Block, Fort Fairfield, Me. — During the trial of a 
case in the supreme court a few months ago one " expert" 
witness testified that there was " an almost endless number 
of photographers in this country, but only comparatively 
few photographic artists." Of course, from tlie very 
nature of things it is often difficult to distinguish true art 
from false, and pretence from solid merit, but, neverthe- 
less, any intelligent person can appreciate a good portrait, 
especially when they are thoroughly familiar with the 
features of the original, and therefore it is not surprising 
that the photographic studio of Mr. J. H. Wallace should 
be one of the most popular in this section, for the uniform 
excellence of the work turned out during the many years 
that Mr. Wallace has practiced his profession in Fort 
Fairfield, has naturally attracted the favorable attention of 
not only residents but out-oftown people as well. 
Although of long standing the establishment is fitted up 
with improved apparatus. All kinds of photographic 
work is done in the most artistic manner by tlae instanta- 
neous process, it being no trouble to get the most perfect 
pictures of children by this method. A specialty is made 
of all kinds of copying and enlarging, and a fine line of 
specimen work including crayon, India ink, water color, 
oil ferrotype, etc., etc., may be seen by calling at his studio. 
A stock of the latest styles of mouldings is kept constantly 
on hand from which frames are manufactured to order. 
You will also find there a good line of Fort Fairfield 
views, and viewing of all kinds will be done for you on 
short notice. Mr. Wallace commenced business in this 
town about six years ago in Perkins Block, where he has 
done business until about a year ago. The place he now 
occupied on Main street was built especially for his busi- 
ness, and some admirable specimens of photograpic work 
may be found therein. Mr. Wallace is a native of Mill- 
bridge, Me., and has gained a high reputation as an artist 
photographer throughout Fort Fairfield and vicinity. The 
Fort Fairfield views illustrated in this book were taken by 
Mr. Wallace. 

H. KNIGHT, Dealer in Groceries and Pro- 
visions ; also Shipper of Aroostook Potatoes and Eastera. 
Eggs, Fort Fairfield, Me. — Prominent among the most, 
enterprising business houses in Fort Fairfield is that con- 
ducted by 3lr. H. Knight, who is engaged in the carrying^ 
on of an establishment devoted to the sale of staple and 
fancy groceries, provisions, etc. This house was originally 
founded in 1889, by its present proprietor. Mr. Knight la 
a native of Vermont, and is extremely well known and 
highly esteemed througliout this town, as a dtaler in gro- 
ceries, etc. He has built up a large retail trade, which is 
annually increasing, and to those who have inspected his-. 
goods and prices this seems but the natural and inevitable 
result of the excellence of the one and the lowness of the- 
other. The store is centrally located and is of the dimen- 
sions of 30X125 feet. A very extensive and desirable 
assortment is shown, comprising staple and fancy gro- 
ceries, fresh provisions, etc. Mr. Knight deals in lamps, 
crockerj' ware, etc., and is also a shipper of Aroostook 
potatoes and Eastern eggs, all of which are offered at the 
lowest market rates. Thoroughly reliable assistants are 
employed, thus insuring prompt and accurate service to 
all customers, while goods are delivered free to any part, 
of the town. 


Palmer & Holmes, Fort Fairfield, Me.— "The Fort Fair- 
field Drug Store," conducted by Messrs. Palmer & Holmes, 
is so generally and favorably known throughout this vicin- 
ity that commendation of it will appear quite superfluous- 
to many of our readers, but a review ol Ihe ri'preseutative- 
business enterprises of this town to be complete must 
necessarily include mention of this well munaged and pop- 
ular establishment. The business was founded in l.SllO by 
the present firm, who are not only thoroughly familiar 
with every detail of the enterprise, but meets with notable 
success in fully maintaining the high standard associated 
wilh it. Owing to the increase of Iheir business this firm 
have recently removed to the large and commodious store 
formerly occupied by G. E. Bartlett & Co., i-ituated next 
to H. N. Goodhue's grocery. The store is 24x65 feet ia 
size and is thoroughly fitted up, especially in the prescrip- 
tion department, for particular attention is given to the 
prompt and accurate compounding of prescriptions, and 
the assortment of drugs, medicines and chemicals, is so 
complete that all orders can be filled without delay, every 
precaution being taken to ensure absolute accuracy in 
every detail of the work. A full line of druggists' sun- 
dries, also books and stationery, together with a fine line 
of silverware and jewelry are carried in stock, and the 
prices are always in strict accordance with the lowe-t mar- 
ket rates. Messrs. T. H. Palmer, and II. C. Holmes aie 
both natives of New Brunswick, and are well known ia 
Fort Fairfield as energetic and representative husiniss 

McGILL BROTHERS, Grist Mill and Carding 
Mill, Fort Fairfield, Me. — A grist mill is always a great 
convenience and so is a carding mill, hence the establish- 
ment carried on by Messrs. McGill Brothers is a decide A 
public benefit, as it combines a grist mill, a planing mill 
and a carding mill, and is very liberally and intelligently 
managed; the machinery being kept in first-class c ndi- 
tion and the best of work being done at reasonable rates. 
The present firm succeeded Mr. J. Averill in 1889, and is 
composed of Messis. W. E., John E. and James A. 
^IcGill, all of whom are natives of New Brunswick. The 
premises made use of are 30x60 feet in size, and tliiee 
stories in height, and the machinery is run by both steam 
and water power, so orders can be promptly filled at all 
times. Besides doing custom grinding and wool r.srding 
the firm deal in grain and mill feed, quoting uniformly 
low rates and carrying a sufficiently large stock to enable- 
them to fill orders "without delay. A specialty is made of 
planing, jig sawing and splitting. 



W. A. HAINES, manufacturer and dealer in 
Xumber, Flour, Feed and Plaster, Shipping Bark, Fort 
Fairfield, Me. — Mr. W. A. Haines is a one of the most 

•active and best known business men in this section of the 
State. The undertaking carried on by him was formerly 

•conducted by Messrs. H. A. Haines & Son, the present 
proprietor assuming sole control in 1888. He is a manu- 
facturer and dealer in lumber, flour, feed and plaster, and 
also deals largely in bark, shipping it in large quantities, 

-aud being in a position to furnish it at the lowest market 
rates. For many years a lumber business alone was car- 
ried on, but some eight years ago a grist mill was added, 
and this department of the business has since reached 
large proportions. Mr. Haines sells lumber, flour, feed 
and plaster at both wholesale and retail, and has the repu- 
tation of furnishing dependable goods Ht bottom rates, a 
reputation which he well deserves aud steadily maintains, 
by giving close personal attention to all the many details 
of his business. Employment is given to from seven to 

'ten assistants, and all orders large and small are promptly 
and carefully filled. 

S. F. LORD, manufacturer of Harnesses and 
dealer in Whips, Blankets, etc.. Fort Fairfield, Me. — The 
■establishment now conducted by Mr. S. F. Lord is one of 
the best known of its kind in town. It was originally 
^founded many years ago by Mr. A. W. Rogers, who was 
succeeded in 1881 by the firm of Hogers & Lord, the pres- 
ent proprietor assuming full control in 1883. Mr. S. F. 
Lord is a native of Belgrade, Me., and has gained the rep- 
utation for being a skillful harness maker, and for being 
■able to compete, m the excellence of his work, with houses 
-of much loager standing. The line of trade comprises the 
manufacture of fiue harness of all kinds. He also keeps 
an assortment of whips, blankets, etc., and everything 
that goes to make up a comprehensive and complete stock 
of horse furnishings. The business is entirely retail. The 
store covers an area of 600 square feet. A specialty is 
made of custom and repair work, which is neatly aud 
promptly done. Mr. Lord uses none but good stock. He 
•employs well-trained assistants, and neglects no means to 
assure satisfaction to his customers, both as regards the 
■quality of the work done, and the promptness with which 
orders are filled. The charges are uniformly moderate, 
and we feel sure that all dealings with this gentleman will 
be entirely satisfactory. 

JEWELL B. WILLIAMS, dealer in Clothing, 
Boots, Shoes, Hats, Caps, etc. ; also Livery ; Fort Fair- 
field, Me. — Some of us care more for comfort than for 
style when choosing foot-wear, clothing, hats, caps, etc. 
■Others desire the very latest novelties, no matter what 
they may be, others put durability before everything else, 
and still others strive to obtain those that are at once styl- 
ish, comfortable and durable, so it will be seen that a 
dealer who really caters successfully to all classes of trade, 
must of necessity carry a very large and varied slock. An 
inspection of that offered by Mr. .Jewell B. Williams, 
■doing business in Fort Fairfield will go far to explain the 
wide popularity of his establishment, for it is certainly 
varied enough to enable all tastes to be suited, while the 
prices are low enough to suit the most eccmomically dis- 
posed. The assortment includes clothing, boots, shoes, 
hats, caps, etc, of every description, and is so frequently 
renewed as always to be fresh and attractive. Mr. Wil- 
liams is a native of Houlton, Me,, and succeeded to the 
■entire management of the business in 1885, it having been 
originally founded by Mr. B. J. Stevens man)' years ago. 
Employment is given to four assistants, and callers are 
assured prompt and polite attention, every opportunity 
being given to make intelligent and satisfactory choice 
from the heavy stock carried. Mr. Williams also runs a 
Jivery stable, having accommodations for thirty horses. 
Those wishing to hire a firstrclass team will find such at 
!his stable, which can be obtained at very moderate prices. 

N. H. MARTIN, dealer in Cigars, Tobacco, 
Pipes and Smokers' Articles, Nuts, Fruit, Confections, 
and Fancy Groceries ; Restaurant in connection ; Fort 
Fairfield, Me. — There is, perhaps, no kind of information 
more constantly in demand than that relating to confec- 
tions, fruit, tobacco, etc., for everybody wants to know 
where a satisfactory assortment of goods included in this 
line of business may be had at a reasonable price, and 
such questions are much more easily asked than answered. 
However, we think that we are in a position to give the 
address of at least one establishment which can hardly fail 
to give satisfaction to our readers, and that is the one 
located at Fort Fairfield. This popular enterprise was 
inaugurated in 1890 by Mr. C. F. Ross, and sold to N. H. 
Martin in 1891. The intelligent aud highly efficient man- 
agement of the proprietor has decidedly gained a popular- 
ity for this house, and it now ranks with the most satisfac- 
torily conducted institutions of the kind in this town. The 
premises occupied comprise, in addition to a store, a con- 
fectionery restaurant capable of accommodating twenty- 
eight guests. Employment is given to four assistants, and 
all patrons are served promptly as well as politely. Mr. 
Martin does an extensive wholesale and retail business, 
and carries a fresh and desirable assortment of nuts, fruits, 
confections and fancy groceries, as well as the best brands 
of cigars, tobacco, pipes and smokers' articles in general. 
Low prices prevail in all departments of the establishment, 
and the wishes of patrons are most carefully studied in 
every respect. 

A. B. DEARBORN, General Commission 
Agent, Lumber and Potatoes, Fort Fairfield, Me. — The 
enterprise carried on by Mr. A. B. Dearborn may be 
divided into two departments, or perhaps it would be 
more nearly correct to say that he carries on two distinct 
enterprises for they have but little connection, although 
one doubtless helps the other. He is a general commission 
agent, making a specialty of lumber and potatoes and 
being prepared to furnish either or both in very large 
quantities at short notice, and is also a grocer, carrying a 
well-chosen and complete stock and selling at retail at the 
lowest market rates Mr. Dearborn was born in Corinna, 
Me., and has been identified with his present undertakings 
since 1884, during which time he has established a most 
enviable reputation for fair dealing, promptness and accu- 
racy in the filling of orders and has become very favorably 
known among both producers and consumers. He is pre- 
pared to execute extensive commissions for the furnishing 
of lumber or potatoes to the best possible advantage, and 
all communications will be given immediate and careful 
attention. Mr. Dearborn prepares one of the very best 
condition powders for horses known to the world. It is 
an old English preparation and is very much sought after. 
Mr. Dearborn is selling large quantities of it. 

Fort Fairfield, Me — Machinery wdl do a great deal but it 
will not do everything ; that is to say, even the most 
improved and perfect machinery will not long do good 
work unless it is properly used and adjusted, and many of 
our readers know from experience that it is not so much 
the mill as the miller that ensures good results. The grist 
mill carried on by Mr. Alfred A. Hockenhull, and located 
about one-half of a mile from the village, is well equipped, 
but it would never be so popular as it is were not Mr. 
Hockenhull an expert and practical miller who spares no 
pains to do strictly firstclass work at all times. He is a 
native of England, and during the year he has carried on 
his present mill has won a high reputation for skill, 
promptness in filling orders, and fair dealing with all. 
Custom grinding is done at short notice and at fair rates, 
and grain and mill feed will be furnished in quantities to 
suit, bottom prices being quoted on articles of standard 
merit. Mr, Hockenhull has at great expense built a fine 
dam at his mill which gives him an excellent water power 
the year around. 







All Orders will receive prompt attention. 

JOS. S. HALL, Dealer in Hardware, Paints 
and Oils, Doors, Windows, etc.. Fort Fairfield, Me. — The 
enterprise now conducted by Mr. Jos. S. Hall, was 
founded in 1885, he having formerly been a blacksmith, 
and also dealt in iron, etc. He is a native of Searsport, Me., 
and is very well known throughout the business circles of 
Fort Fairfield. The premises utilized by him comprise a 
store 24x3-1 feet in dimensions, in addition to a slorehouse 
24x-i0 feet in size, which are fully occupied by the varied 
and lieavy stock constantly carried. Among the more 
important articles dealt in may be mentioned hardware, 
paints, oils, doors, windows, etc., and no liouse in this 
seciion is in a position to offer more genuine inducements 
to buyers than the one under consideration. Ketail pur- 
chasers are not generally expert judges of the articles they 
wish to procure, and hence are peculiarly liable to impo- 
sition. To such we would say buy of a reliable liouse, 
such a one as that conducted by Mr. Hall, for this house 
has an unblemished reputation, and then you may feel 
^assured of perfectly honorable treatment, and of getting 
an article that is bound to suit. No fancy prices are 
■<)UOted, full value being returned for every dollar received 
in ever}' instance. Orders can be filled at very short 
notice when necessary. 

JOSEPH B. ROBBINS, Manufacturer of 
Starch and Potato Barrels. Fort Fairfield, Me. — Regarded 
from any point of view, the enterprise conducted by Mr. 
Joseph B. Kobbins, in Fort Fairfield, is one of great 
importauce, and it must be evident \o any observer that 
it could never have attained its present magnitude had it 
not been most skillfully and intelligently managed. Mr. 
Hobbins is a native of Knox county. Me. He began busi- 
ness in Fort Fairfield a few years ago, and is now one of 
our best known business men in town, and is highly 
esteemed for his reliable business methods and his readi- 
ness to do all in his power to advance the interests of this 
section. The premises occupied are conveniently fitted 
with every requisite facility, and an extensive business is 
done in the manufacture of starch and potato barrels, 
employment is constantly given to six thoroughly compe- 
tent workmen. While quickly responding to every call 
■of his customers Mr. Robbins assures all that he only 
makes such barrels as will prove their value in actual ser- 
"vice, for he has sufficient experience to know that 
many an appliance wliich looks well " on paper," utterly 
fails to give satisfaction when put to actual service. His 
prices are as low as the use of first-class materials and the 
employment of skilled labor will allow, and orders for any 
<iuantity of barrels will be promptly filled. 

AMASA HOWE, Shingle Mill, Fort Fairfield, 
Me. — The introduction of machinery has worked wonder- 
ful changes in many industries but in no case has more 
change been made than in the manufacture of shingles, for 
by the old method they were slowly and laboriously made 
by hand by the carpenters who were building the house 
they were to cover, while now they are turned out with 
almost magical rapidit}' by machinery, and a carpenter 
would no more think ot making a shingle by hand than he 
would of cutting ofE a joist with a jack-knife. Shingle 
machines have been greatly improved since they were first 
brought out and a mill equipped with the most improved 
machinerj' can produce sningles at surprisingly low rates ; 
so it is not surprising that Mr. Amasa Howe should be 
able to quote bottom prices on shingles for his mill is 
thoroughly well equipped, being fitted up with a complete 
plant of the most improved machinery, driven by steam 
power. Its capacity is large, employment is given t» 
twenty assistants, and even the heaviest orders can be 
filled at very short notice. Mr. Howe is a resident of 
Presque Isle, Me., and is very widely known in this sec- 
tion, having built up a very extensive business since 
beginning operations some six years ago. 

. JAlMES B. GREY, Blacksmithing and Job 
Work, Fort Fairfield, Me. — Mr. James B. Grey is a native 
of Caribou, Me., and has long been identified with the 
blacksmith's trade, being known as one of the most expert 
blacksmiths in Fort Fairfield. Since he opened his shop 
in 1884, he has materially added to both his reputation 
and his business, for his improved facilities enable him to 
fill every order without long delay, and to do work 
cheaply as well as durably and neatly. The premises 
made use of are some 1,064 square feet in dimensions, and 
are thoroughly equipped in every part, especially as 
regards the facilities of blacksmithing and job work, of 
which a specialty is made. Mr. Grey builds small boiler 
engines, and gives especial attention to repairing machin- 
ery, threshing machines, horse powers, mowing machines, 
horse rakes, engines, boilers, guns and revolvers repaired 
neatly and well: Traps and springs of all kinds made and 
repaired. Ke3'S made and fitted for locks of all descrip- 
tions. Taps and dies repaiied, and is prepared to do such 
work in a manner that will suit his customers. The prices 
quoted in various departments of the business are as low 
as is consistent with the use of selected material, and the 
employment of skilled labor, and we may say in closing 
that all work done at this establishment is fully warranted 
in every respect, being done at very reasonable prices, 
and in the best manner possible. 



A. C. GARY, dealer in Dry Goods, Boots and 
Shoes. Groceries and General Merchandise, Fort Fairfield, 
Me. — Every old established business enterprise has a char- 
acter of its own, which is as sharply defined and as gener- 
ally known as is that of a prominent public man, and our 
well informed Fort Fairfield readers will agree that the 
main characteristic of the undertaking carried on by Mr, 
A. C. Cary is reliability, for the policy of this gentleman 
has ever been to keep faith with the public, and as a nat- 
ural consequence, the public put implicit confidence in the 
announcements and methods of this house. The btasiness 
was founded in 1860 by A. C. Cary, and so conducted 
until 1870, when the firm name was changed to A. C & L. 
K. Cary. In 1871 Mr. A. C. Cary, the present proprietor, 
again assumed full control of the business, it thus being 
one of the oldest as well as one of the best known enter- 
prises of the kind in this town. Spacious and well- 
equipped premises are utilized, and a very heavy and skill- 
fully chosen stock of general merchandise is carried, com- 
prising dry goods, boots and shoes, groceries, etc., they 
being selected with an eye to the requirements of the best 
trade, and being renewed so frequently as always to 
include the very latest fashionable novelties. Employ- 
ment is given to two competent assistants, and callers 
may depend upon receiving immediate and courteous 
attention, and upon having goods represented to them 
precisely as they are, for, as we have before stated, this 
house is noted for fair and honorable dealing, and the 
most inexperienced buyer may depend upon getting full 
value for every dollar expended, especially as the lowest 
market rates are quoted on all the goods dealt in. Mr. 
Cary is a native of Turner, Me., and is well known 
throughout Fort Fairfield, where he has held the office of 
selectman, and is now postmaster. 

L. K. CARY & CO., Established in 1871, 
Dealers in Hardware, Farm Machinery, Crockery, Glass 
and Silverware. Builders' Material. Plumbers' Supplies, 
Stoves and Tin Ware, Fort Fairfield. Me. — The establish- 
ment now conflucled by Jlr. L. K. Cary & Co., was 
fo^unded in 1871, and has been under the management of 
the present firm since 1886. They have built up a very 
extensive and attained the most favorable lela- 
tions with manufactureis of farm machinery, builders' 
material, plumbers' supplies, etc., the consequence being 
that it is prepared to furnish any and all of those com- 
modities at bottom prices and to fill the most extensive 
orders at short notice. The partners are Messrs. L K. 
Cary and E. L. Houghton, both being natives of Maine. 
One floor and a basement, each measuring 40x136 feet, 
are utilized, so that a heavy stock can be and is constantly 
carried, including in addition to farm machinery, builders' 
material and plumbers' supplies, full lines of cmckery, 
glass and silver ware, aleo stoves, tin ware, etc. These 
goods being fully warranted, and being furnished at as 
low rates as are quoted on any first-class goods. The 
bulk of the business is retail, and as employment is given 
to three assistants all orders are assured immediate and 
careful attention. 

J. F. HACKER, Dry Goods and Groceries, 
Fort Fairfield, Me. — In Fort Fairfield, as in any commu- 
nity, it is necessary to have considerable knowledge of the 
different mercantile concerns in order to buy to the best 
advantage, but those who are wise enough to profit by the 
experience of others do not need to live long in a place in 
order to learn where and how to get the best value for 
their money, and those who will visit Mr. .1. F. Hacker's 
establishment when they want anything in the line of dry 
goods, groceries, etc., will do as well as they could if they 
had lived in Fort Fairfield all their lives, for at no store in 
this town is a more liberal policy followed, or lower prices 
quoted. Mr. Hacker is a native of Lee, Me., and is very 
■widely known in Fort Fairfield, where he has held the 

oflice of town treasurer. The business now carried on by" 
him was originally founded by Mr. Isaac Hacker in 1860_ 
and after two or three changes in its management earner 
into the sole possession of the present proprietor in 1887- 
The store occupied covers an area of 30x75 feet, being- 
very attractive in appearance. The trade is retail and the 
stock is correspondingly large and varied, it always includ- 
ing full lines of dry goods, boots and shoes, and groceries, 
the leading novelties, as well as staple goods being offered 
in both departments. Employment is given to five effi- 
cient assistants, and customers are served promotly and 
politely, every article sold by this house being guaranteed, 
to prove just as represented in every respect. 

COLLINS HOUSE, M. E. Collins, Proprietor, 

Fort Fairfield, Me — The Collins House is one of the best 
known hotels in Aroostook county, for it was originally 
opened by Mr. H. C. Collins in 1878, he being suc- 
ceeded in 1884 by F. P. Collins, and he in 1889 by the- 
present proprietor, M. E. Collins. It has been excellently- 
managed from the start, each proprietor having looked 
after the details of the business with such fidelity as to 
maintain the high reputation of the house so long enjoyed. 
The Collins House is a thoroughly comfortable hotel, it is- 
homelike and is the place that many traveling men make 
it a point to reach and remain over Sunday. The house 
contains forty sleeping-rooms and these are pleasant and 
comfortably furnished and neatly kept. The table is sup- 
plied with an abundance of seai'Onable and substantial 
food, neatly served and the gucts are not obliged to wait 
long before they are attended to, as eight assistants are 
employed and the service is prompt and elflcienl. The 
terms of the house are reasonable and it thoroughly 
deserves the patronage of ali appreciative of good accom- 
modations and liberal methods. A good livery, feed and' 
sale stable is connected with tlie house containing twenty 
stalls and is fitted up with all conveniences for the com- 
fort of horses, while first-class teams may be obtained at 
reasonable rates. In conclusion, we would advise stran- 
gers coming to Fort Fairfield, to stop at the Codins House 
feeling assured that they will carry away pleasant remem- 
brances of their stay at this hotel. The proprietor is ably 
seconded by the genial and obliging clerk (Danny), Mr. D.. 
W. Vanwart. and the fine old gentleman, Mr. Slocomb,. 
who always has a kind word for everyone. 

W. W. SLOCOMB & CO., successors to M. 
Schmuckler & Co., dealers in Clothing, Gents' Furnish- 
ings, Boots and Shoes, Fort Fairfield, ile — Those who 
have made a trial of the clothing supplied by Messrs. W. 
W. Slocomb & Co , of this town are already conversant 
with its merits, and need no persuasion from us to induce 
them to favor this firm with their patronage, but as our 
book will be read by many who have not yet had business 
relation? with them, we feel that the space at our disposal 
can be occupied in no lietter way than by a brief consider- 
ation of some of the advantages they are prepared to offer 
their customers. Those who want wearing apparel at 
once, or who for any reason prefer ready made clothing, 
can have their wants attended to at this establishment, and 
can feel assured that they are being used as well as they 
could be anywhere, both as regards the desirability of the 
clothing, and the prices named on the same. A fine 
assortment of clothing, gent's furnishings, and boots 
and shoes are constantly on hand, enabling a wide 
latitude of choice to be had in the selection of goods. 
The premises occupied cover an area of 1260 square feet. 
A sufficient force of help is employed to attend to the 
wants of all the patrons. Mr. Slocomb is a native of 
Fort Fairfield, and succeeded M. Schmuckler & Co. in his 
present line of business in 1886. His business is a steadily 
growing one and no efforts are spared to make every cus- ' 
tomer a permanent one. All articles dealt in are warranted'i- 
according to the prices, which will not fail to give sati*--' 



C. D. CUTTS, dealer in Hardware, Cutlery, 
Doors, Sash and Blinds ; Agent for the celebrated Golden 
Clarion Range ; special attention given to Pipe Fitting, 
Plumbing and Hot Water Heating ; Fort Fairfield, Me.— 
The establishment now conducted by Mr. C. D. Cutts is 
one of the most popular of its kind in this vicinity, and, 
indeed, will compare favorably as regards variety and 
desirability of the stock on hand with many of the leading 
hardware stores in the larger cities. The premises occu- 
pied are two stores and basements 34 x 60 and 30 X 60, 
connected by arches. These are located in the new block 
erected by Jlr. Cutts, and this space is fully availed of in 
the accommodation of the immense stock carried, and the 
extensive business done, which consists of manufacturing 
and dealing at both wholesale and retail, in stoves, fur- 
naces, pumps and tinware, etc. The block is one of the 
finest in this section of the State. It is 75 X 60 feet in 
size and three stories in height. A Morse improved freight 
and passenger elevator runs to the upper floors. The 
stores have French plate glass windows and are very 
handsomely fitted up. Business was founded in 1879 
by Messrs. Cutis & Gray, the present proprietor, Mr. 
C. D. Cutts assuming full control in 1880. He is a native 
of Gardiner. Me., and is very well known throughout 
Port Fairfield and vicinity. Employment is given to effi- 
cient assistants, and orders for pipe fitting, plumbing and 
hot water heating, furnace and stove work are assured 
immediate and skillful attention. Mr. Cutts is agent for 
the "Golden Clarion Range," and deals in cutlery, hard- 
ware, doors, sash and blinds, also agricultural implements, 
wind luills, dairy supplies, sanitary earthenwiire, paints, 
oils, varnishes, crockery, glass and wooden ware. The 
charges made in all departments of the business being uni- 
formly moderate for first class work and strictly reliable 

A. C. PAUL, Dealer in Books, Fine Stationery, 
Blank Books and School Supplies, Best Inks, Mucilage, 
etc. ; Window Shades and Draperies, Curtain Fixtures and 
Drapery Poles, Room Papers and Ceiling Decorations in 
great variety. Ladies' and Children's Furnishing Goods, 
Fancy Goods and Circulating Library, etc., etc.. Main 
Street, Fort Fairfield, Me.— The business now conducted 
by A. C. Paul was originally started by Mr. F. H. Chase 
about fifteen years ago, he being succeeded by the present 
proprietress in 1881. Jlrs. Paul was born in Fort Fairfield 
and therefore needs no introduction to a large proportion 
of our readers for no dealer in town is more generally 
known, and we may add, more highly esteemed. The 
premises utilized are conveniently located on Main street 
and cover an area of soiue 3000 square feet where is carried 
a large stock of books, fine stationery, blank books, and 
school supplies, best inks, mucilage, etc. . as well as win- 
dow shades and draperies, curtain fixtures, and drapery 
poles, room papers and ceiling decorations in great vari- 
ety, while ladies' and childrens' furnishing goods, fancy 
goods, etc., etc., are also offered at the lowest prices. 
Mrs. Paul conducts a fine circulating library where good 
and popular books are let on very reasonable terms. Mrs. 
I'aul pursues but one policy regarding the goods she 
handles, her aim being to give the largest possible return 
for money received. This may seem incredible to those 
who believe in selling at as high a figure as possible, but 
Mrs. Paul's long experience has no doubt taught her that 
the public appreciate liberal methods and at all events no 
establishiuent in this town is more highly and deservedly 
popular. Employment is given to careful and attentive 
assistants, and all patrons are promptlj' as well as politely 
served. Mrs. Paul has for years been local correspondent 
for several newspapers, and in May, 1891, was appointed 
by Governor Burleigh as one of the board of World's Fair 
managers of Maine. 


Fairfield, Me. — Parties who are contemplating house- 
keeping, or who wish to replenish their houses for the 
connug winter with elegant and durable furniture and 
carpets, will be gratified to learn of the recently formed 
" Cutts & Scales Furniture Co." This is made up of the 
enterprising houses of C. D. Cutts and Scales & Co. , and 
the premises occupied in the new Cutts block will be found 
very attractive and well adapted for the display of the 
large stock of new and beautiful goods, embracing the 
latest styles of parlor and chamber sets, rattan goods, 
mirrors and draperies, which are sold both at wholesale 
and retail, and on very favorable terms. The two floors 
occupied are each 60X75 feet, and an elegantly fitted-up 
office is occupied on the ground-floor. The advantage of 
purchasing of this firm is obvious as their stork is not only 
new and fresh, but it is bought in car load lots from the 
factor}', the putting together, decorating and painting 
being done here by the best of skilled labor. They also 
make a specialty of the manufacture of nuittresses in all 
grades from excelsior to h.air, and upholstering is a leading 
feature of the business, also. As the stock now disiilayed 
is one of the largest and most varied ever offered in this 
section of the State it would be well for all housekeepers 
to visit the warerooms. access to which is gained by an 
elevator from the street floor. If the success attained by 
the proprietors in their other stores is any indication we 
predict for them an immense trade. 

TIIOS. WINTER, Tailor ; Fort Fairfield, Me. 
— It is all very well to say " everyone should dress 
well," but the fact remains that everyone does not 
know how to dress well, for taste in dress is by no 
means general, or even a common gift, and those who 
have no taste in this direction do not always know where 
they can get competent or dependable advice. In this 
connection we take pleasure in calling attention to the 
establishment conducted by Mr. Thos. Winter, and located 
at Fort Fairfield. Mr. Winter is a native of England, and 
has been identified with his present line of business in this 
town since 1889. This gentleman is a merchant tailor of 
experience and ability, and as he has both taste and skill 
in his chosen line of work, those who feel uncertain as to 
what they should wear, should certainly give hiiu a call, 
for he will cheerfully give advice when desired, and he is 
fully prepared to carry that advice into practical effect, 
and to guarantee satisfaction to his patrons. Orders can 
be filled at short notice, and those who wish a stylish, 
good fitting and honestly made suit, or garment, at a mod- 
erate price, can get just what t^ey desire at this well- 
known establishment. 

H. N. GOODHUE, wholesale and retail Grocer ; 
Teas. Coffees. Flour, Tobacco ; Fort Fairfield. Me.— The 
wonderful advance made in transportation facilities during 
the past half century has had the effect of placing the pro- 
ductions of the whole world at the command of every civ- 
ilized nation, and, therefore, has very largely increased the 
number of articles coming under the head of " groceries," 
the result being that but comparatively few dealers carry a 
really complete line of such goods. Mr. H. N. Goodhue 
may be cited as a prominent exception to the rule, how- 
ever, for he caters very energetically and intelligently to 
all classes of trade, utilizing premises comprising a store 
and basement each 3,600 square feet, in addition to a store- 
house 1,738 square feet in size, and offers an assortment of 
staple and fancy groceries, flour, teas, coffees, tobacco, 
etc., which bear evidence of very careful selection, and 
which is exceptionally complete in every department. 
jMr. Goodhue is a native of Bangor. Me, He has been 
identified with the grocery business in Fort Fairfield since 
1880. He enjoys the most favorable relations with pro- 
ducers, and i» thoroughly well qualified to meet all honor- 
able competition, both as regards the quality of the goods 



liandled and the prices quoted on the same. Mr. Goodhue 
does both a wholesale and retail business, and is prepared 
to fill orders without delay, employment being given to 
five assistants. This store is provided with a cyclone 
coffee mill run by water power, which enables Jlr. Good- 
hue to easily handle a large coflee trade. A fine large 
refrigerator with roll top glass front and plate glass mirror, 
adds much to the appearance of his place which has 
gained the reputation of being the finest grocery north of 
Bangor. Mr. Goodhue is well known in this vicioity. hav- 
ing held the office of town cleri for several years. 

E. J. DORSEY, Livery, Board, Feed and 
Sale Stable, Fort Fairfield, Me.— Considering that it is 
almost impossible to find two men who will agree on all 
points as to what constitutes a good horse, it is not at all 
strange that no livery stable keeper has ever lived who 
perfectly satisfied everybody, but of course there is a good 
deal of difference ob.servable in the methods practiced at 
the various public stables, and as we wish our readers to 
go where they will be assured prompt and polite attention, 
and thoroughly first class service in every respect, we 
take pleasure in calling their favorable attention to the 
establishment now conducted by Jlr. E. J. Dorsey, for this 
is one of the best equipped livery, boarding, feed and sale 
stables in Fort Fairfield, and the management is liberal, 
enterprising and reliable. This establishment was founded 
in 1884 by Messrs. Dor.sey Brothers and came into the 
possession of the present proprietor in 1886. Mr. E. J. 
Dorsey is a native of Fort Fairfield, and his thorough 

experience gives reason for trusting the most valuable 
horses to his care. His stable is spacious and well 
arranged and in addition to a carriage room, contains 
twenty eight stalls. Horses will be taken to board, and 
assured the best of care and an abundance of proper food. 
Some excellent teams are available for livery purposes, and 
the charges made are uniformly moderate. Horses for 
sale will be shown to their best advantage and to the satis- 
faction of their owners. 

II. O. PERRY, Agent for Life, Fire and 
Accident Insurance, Fort Fairfield, Me. — Those familiar 
with the principles on which insurance is founded need 
not be told that the cost of insurance to the insured is to a 
great extent beyond the control of the companies furnishing 
it, nor need they be informed that no company and no agent 
of one or several companies, can furnish bona-fide insurance 
at rates appreciably below those prevailing when the con- 
tract of insurance is made. But it would be absurd to 
conclude from this that it is of no special consequence 
how or by whom you are insured, for some companies are 
thoroughly reliable while others are, to say the least, 
" uncertain." and some agencies afford a very prompt and 
accurate service, while others are conducted on a sort of 
" goasyou please " plan not calculated to inspire confi- 
dence Hence we take pleasure in calling attention to the 
Fire, Life and Accident Insurance office of Mr. H. O. 
Perry, first, because this gentleman represents some of the 
leading companies ; and second, because the service they 
render is unsurpassed whether as regards promptness or 
entire reliability. Mr. Perry founded his business in 
Blane, Me., in 1867, and has been located in Fort Fairfield 
since 1875. He was born in Richmond, Me., and is well 
and favorably known in both business and social circles. 
Mr. Perry gives attention to all commissions and repre- 
sents the following thoroughly reliable companies : Home, 
New York ; American, New York ; Niagara, New York ; 
Mechanics and Traders', New York ; Orient. Hartford, 
Conn. ; Britisli America, Toronto, Ca. ; Insurance Com- 
pany of North America, Philadelphia ; Bangor Mutual, 
Bangor, Me 


There are but three townships in the Fourth Range north of Bingham's Pui chase tliat liave 
developed sufficiently to have b come of any special importance, and each of these is intersected by 
the Maine Central i-ailway and possesses natural advantages which fully account for the prosperity of 
the town controlling thera. Mattawamkeag, Kingman and Danforth are the names of the towns in 
question, the first two lying side by sic\e, and being separated by Drew plantation and Township 
No. 8 from Danforth, which is in Washington county, while Mattawamkeag and Kingman are in 
Penobscot county. 

Danforth is by far the largest of the three towns and indeed is one of the largest in the State, its 
area being about equal to that of the two others combined. The township lies in the extreme north 
of Washington county, it being bounded on the north by Bancroft and Weston in Aroostook county 
and by Schoodic Grand Lake, which also partially bounds it on the east, the rest of the eastern 
boundary being furnished by Forest City. Danforth is bounded on the south by Township No. 9, 
Third Range, and on the west by Township No. 8 of the Fourth Range. The northern boundary line 
is about nine miles long but the average breadth of the township is more than ten and one-half miles, 
the southern boundary line being eleven miles in length. The western bouiidery line is six miles long 
and the line dividing Danforth from Forest City, on the east is about four miles long. The town- 
ship is oblong in shape and is regular in outline with the exception of its northwestern corner, this 
bordering upon Grand Like and being very uneven. 

There are no very large or important lakes or ponds entirely within the town, or rather there 
is none of natural origin, for the long pond which lies above the mills at Danforth village was made 
by damming the outlet of Baskahcgan Lake, which lies in the adjoining township The water privilege 
at the village is one of the best in the entire State and is unquestionably destined to prove a powerful 
factor in the future development of the town, for although manufacturing has been quite largely 
carried on here for years but a small fraction of the available power is utilized, and a more favorable 
opening for the establishment of a manufacturing plant cannot be found in Maine, rich as the State is 
in such opportunities. 


The dam at the village has recently been rebuilt, and under present conditions the most prolonged 
"dry spell" would have no appreciable effect upon the mill-pond, which is exceptionally large, it 
extending fully six miles above the mills. It is fed by two large lakes, the Jackson Brook and the 
Baskahegan. The latter is the more important of the two and is a noble body of water, some six and 
one-half miles long and from three to seven miles in width. It occupies the greater part of the 
unnamed township south of Danforth and a large portion of it extends over into Township 6 of th'^ 
Second Range. The Baskahegan lies six miles above the mill-pond and twelve miles above the mills, 
and has a good dam across its mouth. It holds an enormous amount of water, so large in fact that 
even under the most unfavorable circumstances there is no lack of the quantity required for all 
mill or factory purposes. On the dam at Danforth village are located a grist mill and a saw mill, — 
and a hint concerning Danforth's advantages and the possibilities of ihis location is afforded by the 
fact that at the grist mill is ground a large amount of corn shipped direct from the West at a very 
low rate of freight. Other grains are also extensively ground at this establishment. The saw mill 
produces more than three million feet of long lumber during the season, besides turning out three 
million laths and about a million and a half shingles. 

Despite the magnitude of both these mills there is a very large amount of unused power 
here and this is certainly an excellent location for a factory, especially as the owners of the water 
privilege are ready and willing to meet responsible parties half-way, and to offer substantial induce- 
ments for them to come and put in a factory thoroughly equipped with modern machinery. Not only 
the owners of the privilege but the community in general appreciate the benefits arising from the 
operations of a first-class factory, and as the residents of the town are as liberal and enterprising as 
they are intelligent there is no doubt that such a factory would be made exempt from taxation for a 
term of years. This chance is well worthy of investigation, and prompt action in the matter is 
advisable for the opportunity is far too favorable to long remain unimproved. 

There are other important commodities beside flour, meal, feed, and long and short lumber manu- 
factured in the town, among these being carriages, last blocks, jewelry, harnesses, smith work, machine 
work, drugs and patent medicines. 

Danforth was incorporated March 1 V, 1860, but the first settlement within the township took place 
long before that date, it being made in l.s29 by Parker Tewksbury, of Cornville ; and a few years later 
Eliphalet Morse, Nathaniel Schillinger and Jeremiah Schillinger, from Poland, Joseph Webber, from 
Clinton, and Seth Stinchfield, from Leeds, came to town. The early growth of Danforth was by no 
means remarkable for its rapidity, more than thirty years elapsing before a population of .300 was 
attained; the census of 1860 giving the town a population of 280, and even after incorporation the 
development was very slow, the gain in ten years ending in 1870, being but 33 so far as population was 
concerned. But the next decade witnessed a remarkable change in the rate of growth, the population 
increasing nearly 100 per cent, or from 313 to 612. Decided gain was also made from 1880 to 1890, 
the population by the last census being 1063, and the estate valuation being ^lV9,0o5 as compared 
with 1106,934 in 1880. A good part of this increase however was caused by the annexation of a part 
of Weston, in 1885, and of a part Eaton, in 18S7. 

The Maine Central R. R., runs entirely across the town from to north to south, making stations 
at Danforth and Eaton Villages which are five miles apart. The bulk of the population, business, 
etc., is at Danforth Village where there are many fine stores, good hotels and well-equipped manufact- 
uring establishments. The local associations include lodges of Masons and Odd Fellows and a society 
of the Ancient Order of United Workmen ; together with the Danforth Band, Danforth Trotting 
Park Association, and the Union Hall Corporation. Danforth has an industrious and intelligent popu- 
lation among whom are many public-spirited business men who have full confidence in the extensive 
future development of the town and spare neither trouble nor expense to hasten it by every means in 
their power. 

Danpobth Mills. 

Representative Business Men of Danforth, Me. 

HATHORN, FOSS & CO. (Mills at Danforth, 
Lambert Lake, La Grange, Alton.) manufacturers of 
Foreign and Domestic Iruit Box Sliooks, Long Lumber, 
Staves, Shingles, Spool Stock, Backboard, etc., Danforth, 
Me. — The student of Maine's history cannot help being 
very forcibly impressed by the great enterprise the resi- 
dents of the State have always shown in finding a market 
for their productions, for they have pushed tlieir opera- 
lions in every quarter of the globe and for many years 
JIaine was the leading commercial Stale in the Union and 
would be such to-day were it not for the decline of 
American shipping Spars from the forests of Maine 
were shipped lo all the leading maritime nations so long 
as the supply lasted; cooperage stock has been largely 
exported tor many years; Maine ice was the first to be 
shipped from one Siate or one country to another; Maine 
canned goods rule the market. Maine starch is almost uni- 
versally known and used; Maine lumber has for years 
held a leading position in the market, — in short our citi- 
zens have been most active in developing the State's 
resources, and a firm which has a most honorable record 
in that respect is that of Hathorn, Foss & Co., which 
carries on mills at Danforth, Lambert Lake, La Grange 
and Alton, and is very extensively engaged in the manu- 
facture of foreign and domestic fruit box sliooks, long 
lumber, staves, shingles, spool stock, back-board, etc. 
Employment is given to from 150 to 250 assistants, and 
the mills are filled up with improved machinery driven by 
steam power, the total product being very large and a 
great proportion of it being shipped to Southern Europe, 
as the concern are in a position lo compete successfully 
with any other house in the world in Uie production of 
fruit box sliooks, etc. As now constituted, the firm is 
made up of Messrs. Obed Foss, Uussell Bennett, and Allen 
Hackett, allot whom are natives of Maine, Messrs. Foss 
and Hackett having been born in Piltsfield, and Mr. 
Bennett in Palmyra. These gentlemen are very widely 
known in business circles and are doing much lo develop 
this .section of the Stale. The firm opened a general store 
in Danforth, in 1884, and carry a very large and complete 
stock of reliable goods which are sold at the very lowest 
market rates. 

JOHN A. WEATHERBEE & CO., Successori 
to VVeatherbee, Bubar & Co., manufacturers and dealers 
in Long and Short Lumber, Shingles, Laths and Pickets ; 
Custom Sawing also done ; Office at J. A. Weatherbee's 
Store ; Danforth, Me. — The firm of John A. Weatherbee 
& Co. was formed in 1889, and succeeded Messrs. Weath- 
erbee, Bubar & Co., who, in 1885, had succeeded Messrs. 
Goodwin Brothers, the last named firm having succeeded 
Messrs. Dodge & Goodwin in 1879. The present concern 
is made up of Messrs. J. A. Weatherbee and Chas. E. 
Berry, both of whom are natives of Springfield. Jle , and 
have long ranked with the most prominent business men 
of this section. Mr. Weatherbee has served as selectman, 
and Mr. Berry as town clerk, and both are almost univer- 
sally known in social as well as in business circles. They 
are manufacturers of and dealers in long and short lumber, 
shingles, laths, pickets, etc., and are prepared to fill the 
largest orders at short notice and at bottom rates. Eniplo}'- 
ment is given lo some thirty assistants, and custom sawing 
will be done promptly, accurately and at moderate figures. 
The office is at Mr. J. A. Weatherbee's store, which con- 
tains a large and very carefully chosen stock of general 
merchandise, and has been carried on by him for about 
twelve years. Reliable goods, low prices and prompt ser- 
vice have had their usual effect, and this store is largely 
patronized and considered as representative in every sense 
of the word. 

A. McCLAIN, Jr., Gents' Furnishing Goods ; 
Ready made Clothing ; Danforth, Me. — One need not be 
very old lo be able to remember when ready-made clothing 
was worn only by those who could not afford custom gar- 
ments, for it was poorly made, ill fitting and unfashionable 
in cut, but this is all changed nowadays, and by patroniz- 
ing a reliable and enterprising house, you may obtain 
clothing that cannot be distinguished from custom work, 
while its cost is very much less. The establishment car- 
ried on by Mr. A. McClain, Jr., is a prime favorite with 
those who appreciate first-class clothing, and there is every 
reason why it should be, for one may always find here a 
large and complete assortment of seasonable garments, 
including the very latest fashionable noyelties, while the 



prices are remarkably low and the goods are in every 
instance guaranteed to prove as represented. Mr. McClain 
is a native of this Stale, and holds the position of town 
clerk in Danforth. He is universally and favorably known 
throughout this section. He gives careful personal atten- 
tion to customers, and, as employment is given to compe- 
tent assistants, the service is prompt, accurate and obliging 
at all times. The store occupied is 22x30 feet in dimen 
sions, and contains not only clolhing of all kinds, but 
also a well chosen stock of gents' furnishing goods, the 
styles being correct and the prices as low as the lowest, 
and suitable for all tastes and purses. 

THE EXCHANGE, Three Minutes' Walk 
from Station, R. B, Stinchfield, Proprietor, Danforth. 
Me. — The pretentious and absurd claims, which are made 
in behalf of some hotels have done much to make the 
public, and especially the travelling public, look with 
suspicion on any house which is asserted to be decidedly 
superior to the average, and therefore we fetl placed in a 
somewhat embarrassing position as regards "The E.\- 
change Hotel,' for any mention ot it, which will do it 
justice, must make it appear decidedly superior to the 
majority of public housts carried on under similar con- 
ditions. Some people are extremely hard to suit, and even 
the most efficient service does not give them entire satis. 
faction but we have yet to hear a complaint of the accom- 
modations or the management of The Exchange Hotel, 
the unanimous verdict being that it is a thoroughly 
comfortable and homelike hostelry, that guests are assured 
prompt and polite service, and that the terms are remark- 
ably low considering tbe accommodations provided. Now 
this of course is high praise, but it comes from competent 
and unprejudiced judges, and is consequently worthy of 
careful ccmsidera'ion. The present proprietor, Mr. 1{. B. 
Stinchfield is a native of this town and took its manage- 
ment in ISyti. He gives close personal attention to the 
supervision of affairs and employs four competent assist- 
ants. The hotel can accommodate twenty guests, and the 
rooms are comfortably furnished and kept in neat and 
trim condition at all limes. There is a first class livery 
connected with the house and teams will be furnished at 
short notice and at moderate rates. The hotel is pleasantly 
situated being only turee minutes walk from railroad 
depot, and special rates are made to travelling men. 
Since Mr. Stuichfield took the agency of the celebrated 
Esley organ and pianos, the travelling salesmen for musi- 
cal instruments find it unnecessary to put in an appearance 
with any other makes for they all call for Estey. 

B. F. RUNNELLS, dealer in Dry and Fancy 
Goods, Boots and Shoes, Groceries and General Merchan- 
dise, Danforth, Me — Probably one of the best known 
establishments of the kind in this town is that conducted 
by Mr. B. F. Runnells, for this enterprise was inaugurated 
in 1^72. The present proprietor is a native Marrion, Jle., 
and has become thoroughly identified with the undertak- 
ing in question. The premises utilized comprise one store 
24x32 feet, together with a wing 20x26 feet in dimen- 
sions, and a stock is constantly on hand to choose from, it 
being made up of dry and fancy goods, stationery, confec- 
tionery, groceries, boots and shoes, fruit, etc., etc., and 
many other commodities too numerons to mention. Mr. 
Kunuells caters to no special class of trade, but strives to 
offer a suflicient variety of goods to suit all tastes and 
purses, and to quote positively the lowest market rates at all 
times. He has buit up an extensive business during his 
long and honorable career, and has an unsurpassed reputa- 
tion for selling goods strictly on their merits, no misrepre- 
sentation being practiced under any circumstances. Mr. 
Runnells has held the position of town clerk and been a 
selectman of Danforth. Orders are filled promptly, aud 
courteous attention assured all callers. 

Medicines, Toilet Soaps, Perfumery, Brushes, Sponges, 
and all kinds of Druggists' Sundries usually kept in a first- 
class drug store ; Prescriptions and Family Recipes care- 
fully compounded ; Danforth, Me; — It would be difficult 
to find an establishiuent of uiore genuine value to the com- 
munity than that cariied on by Dr. M. L. Porter of the 
'■ Danforth Drug Store." This enterprise was founded in 
188.5, and has been under the able management of its pres- 
ent proprietor, and has largely developed as its influence 
to the public became more plainly manifest. Drugs and 
medicines are supplied at retail at the lowest rates that 
can be named on first class goods, and, as prescriptions 
and family recipes are carefully compounded, customers 
may feel assured of their favors being appreciated and 
their orders being handled with that skill and accuracy so 
desirable in this connection. Every precaution is observed 
that will tend to reduce the liability of error to the smal- 
lest possible amount, and every facility is at hand that can 
aid in attaining this result. Dr. Porter is moderate in his 
charges and certainly has solved the problem of combining 
reliable service with popular prices. The sale of toilet 
soaps, perfumery, brushes, sponges and all kinds of drug- 
gists' sundries usually kept in a first-class drug store forms 
another important department of his business, aud is con- 
ducted on the same liberal scale that characterizes the 
management of his drug trade. The stock carried is fresh, 
warranted genuine, and of the best quality. Dr. Porter is 
a native of Bangor, Me., and is favorably known as an 
upright and enterprising business man. 

W. S. ELLIS, dealer in Dry and Fancy Goods, 
Groceries, Glassware, Lamps, Confectionery, Tobacco and 
Cigars, Uanforth, Me. — The store occupied by Mr. W. S. 
Ellis is one of the most popular in the town, the stock is 
complete in every department, and is made up of carefully 
selected goods which may be confidently relied upon to be 
precisely as represented. Mr, Elli< is a native of Weston, 
Me , and has carried on his present enterprise since 1899. 
The premises in use cover au area of some 400 square feet, 
aud are very conveniently fitted up, enabling him to dis- 
play his goods to excellent advantage, and to handle his 
gciods without confusion or delay. Dry and fancy goods, 
groceries, glassware, lamps, confectionery, tobacco and 
cigars, etc., etc., are offered at the very lowest market 
r.ites, and all goods are guaranteed to give satisfaction to 
the most fastidious. Callers are assured prompt ana cour- 
teous attention and all orders are filled accurately and 
when promised, and no one who calls at this highly popu- 
lar establishment will have reason to regret having done 
so, Mr. Ellis endeavoring to cater to all classes of trade, 
and to suit all tastes and all purses. 

MRS. H. A. HOWARD, Millinery and Fancy 
Goods, Danforth, Me. — The majority of ladies agree that 
it is as well to be " out of the world as out of the lashion." 
and those residing in Danforth or vicinity, have reason to 
congratulate themselves on the existence of the establish- 
ment conducted by Mrs. H. A. Howard, for as long as 
this continues under its present management there is no 
reason for being out of tlie fashion so far as millinery is 
concerned at least, as here may always be found an assoi t- 
ment comprising the latest novelties in hats, bonnets, and 
millinery goods in general, together with a varied and 
carefully clicsen stock of fancy goods. Mrs. Howard is a 
native of Bangor, Me., and has carried on her present 
enterprise since 1880, having succeeded to the old estab- 
lished business founded many years before by Mrs. L K. 
Howard, during the present management a very extensive 
and desirable patronage has been bnilt up and Mrs. 
Howard has gained an enviable reputation for good taste 
and business ability. The premises utilized are large and 
the stock is displayed to excellent advantage, while Mrs. 
Howard quotes very reasonable prices and spares no pains 
to fully satisfy every customer. 



J. H. S^RGE^T, 



Repairing, Painting and Picture Frames a Specialty. 




GEORGE BUBAR, Proprietor of Grist-MiH, 
and dealer in Corn, Flour and Feed, Danfonh, Me. — As 
truly representative a business as can be found in this 
town is that conducted by Mr. George Bubar, for he 
carries on one of the most important enterprises in town 
and is conceded on all sides to be the leader in this special 
line. He is a miller and dealer in all kinds of corn, flour 
and feed, doing a large retail trade, and prepared to 
furnish anything in his line in quantities to suit at posi- 
tively bottom prices. Of course to do this he must have 
unsurpassed facilities and these he must certainly possess, 
his establishment being one of the rhost conveniently 
arranged of the kind in this vicinity. The premises 
occupied comprise a store two floors, 40x50 feet in 
dimensions, together with a grist mill, driven by wa'er 
power, having the latest type of improved machinery, the 
meal produced being made from carefully selected 
material and having a very high reputation in the market. 
Mr, Bubar, is a native of Brunswick, and took the 
management of this business in 1884 though it had been 
established many years before by Mr. .Jas. H. Dodge, and 
in addition to his Danforth eftablishment he carries on a 
general merchandise store at Orient, Me. 

Sheet Iron Workers, and dealert in Stoves, Furnaces, Tin 
and Hardware, Pumps, Sinks, Lead Pipe, etc., etc., Dan- 
forth, Me. — The importance of the work done by the 
plumber is so evident that even the least observing cannot 
fail to appreciate it, partially, at all events, and it is on 
account of its importance that we feel sure that our readers 
will be interested in learning of a plumbing establishment 
which stands second to none in the character of the work 
done and the fair treatment extended to every customer. 
We refer to that conducted by Messrs. Stinchfield & Fifield 
in this town. We feel contident tliat the closest investiga- 
tion and most careful trial will only serve to confirm the 
good opinion which we hold of the enterprise. It was 
established in 1883 by Mr. G. E. Fifield, who was suc- 
ceeded by Herbert Goodwin, and in 1888 the present firm 
took its management, who are plumbers and sheet iron 
workers, and dealers in stoves, furnaces, tin and hardware, 
pumps, sinks, lead pipe, etc., etc. The premises occupied 
consists of two floors 25x40 feet in dimensions, and the 
firm arc prepared to fill all orders with the least possible 
delay, for they employ only skilled and experienced work- 
men, and have every facility to aid them in turning out 
the best of work. Messrs. Stinchfield & Fifield give their 
close personal attention to the many details of their busi- 
ness, being practical plumbers, and the result of pleasing 
their customers, is to be seen in the trade carried on. 

HOTEL VENDOME, G. E. Davis, Proprietor, 
situated close by the Depot, Danforth, Me. — Danforth is 
one of the most attractive towns in Maine, and as it is also 
quite a business centre, it is visited by many strangers at 
all seasons of the year. Under these circumstances the 
question of hotel accommodation assumes no little impor- 
tance, and it is perfectly safe to as.sert that the enviable 
reputation this town enjoys among non-residents is due in 
a great measure to the nature of the accommodations pro- 
vided at the Hotel Vendome, for this is a thoroughly 
well managed establishment, and without making any 
extravagant pretensions, affords a service decidedly supe- 
rior to that generally obtainable outside the larger cities. 
The proprietor, Mr. G. E. Davis, is a native of Dipmont, 
Me , and has been identified with his present enterprise 
since 1887. He spares no pains to secure the comfort of 
guests, and employs an ample force of competent assist- 
ants, so tliat the hotel and its appointments are kept in 
first class condition, and the service is uniformly prompt 
and dependable. The Hotel Vendome is situated close by 
the depot, is a newly built and furnished hotel, containing 
sixteen sleeping rooms. Meals are served upon the arrival 
of all trains, while the house is open day and night for the 
reception and accommodation of its patrons. The terms 
are very reasonable, and those who stay here once will 
surely come again. 

WHITE COUSINS, Confectioners, and dealers 
in Tobacco and Cigars, Pipes, Pipe Mounts, Fruits, Nuts, 
etc. ; Job Wagon in connection ; Danforth, Me. — The 
enterprise conducted by Messrs. White Cousins was 
started by them in 1889. The premises occupied cover an 
area of some 300 square feet, and are tastefully arranged, 
and the stock is displayed to good advantage. Confec- 
tionery of all kinds is dealt in, and warranted pure and 
fresh, fruits and nuts in their season are carried in stock, 
and offered at low prices. Tobacco and cigars, pipes, 
pipe mounts are also largely dealt in, comprising a good 
selection to choose from, and at prices that will bear closest 
comparison with those quoted elsewhere, while all fruits, 
confections and nuts offered for sale are purchased from 
the most reliable sources, and are therefore guaranteed to 
be fresh and of the best to be obtained in the market. W. 
F. and W. G. White compose the firm of White Cousins, 
and are natives of Vancelioro. Sle.. both being well and 
favorably known in this vicinity, fair in all their dealings 
with the public, and everything carried in stock by them 
is warranted to prove just as represented, and the prices 
will be found to compare favorably with those quoted on 
similar goods, while courteous attention is given to all 
callers. In addition to the above business Messrs. Cousins 
run a job wagon, attending the arrival of all trains, and 
their prices for trucking or expressing baggage are 
extremely reasonable. 






^"\^|i^ Also dealer in Stationery and School Supplies. 


Watch repairing a Specialty. 

S. W. KIRKPATRICK, Harness Maker, Dan- 
fortli. Me. — A harness when on a horse properly arranged 
etc., is a very simple thing in appearance, and apparently 
is made up of but few parts, but the same harness, when 
divided up into all the pieces that are combined in its 
construction, has a very different aspect, and no one can 
examine it then without feeling, that after all harness 
making is not the easy thing it may appear to be. Con- 
sidering the cost of the material and the labor involved to 
make it up. a first class harness is sold at a very reason- 
able figure, and although it is possible to find establish- 
ments where fancy figures are charged, still on the whole, 
most people would prefer to place their order with such a 
house as that of Mr. S. Kirkpatrick and thus assure them- 
selves a superior article and uniformly fair treatment. 
This gentleman has carried on his pie-ent business for 
some years and has gained a well earned reputation for 
the manufacture of fine harness, and the maintenance of 
moderate prices. Mr. Kirkpatrick is a native of this town 
and makes light anti heavy harness of every description 
and all kinds of horse furnishings are dealt in and sold at 
low prices. 

n. H. PUTNAM, Groceries, Provisions, Dry 
Goods. Small Wares, Ready-Made Clothing, Danforth, 
Me. — The premises utilized by Mr. 11. H. Putnam are 
commodious, occupying two fioors 25x60 feet, and a 
store house two floors 20x40 feet in dimensions, but they 
are not too large for the stock carried, anything like 
detailed mention of his assortment is out of the question, 
but suffice it to say, it comprises groceries, provisions, dry 
goods, small wares, ready made clothing, boots and shoes, 
hats and caps, wall paper, hardware, paints and oils 
Mr. Putnam caters to all classes of trade and his policy of 
furnishing dependable goods, at bottom prices affords 

sufficient explanation of the extent of his business. This 
enterprise is as truly representative as any to be found in 
this vicinity it having been inaugurated very many years 
ago, by Mr. A. I. Hill, he being succeeded in 1874 by the 
present proprietor, who is a native of Iloulton, Me., and 
served with distinction in the army. Ue is too well known 
throughout this section to call for extended personal 
mention, and we will only add that he spares no pains to 
maintain the high reputation so long associated with the 
undertaking with which he is identified. 

MRS. A. 1). MORSE, Millinery, Dry and Fancy 
Goods, and Ladies' Boots and Shoes, Danforlh, Me. — Such 
of our readers as are numbered among the fair sex no 
doubt find the establishment conducted by Mrs. A. D. 
Morse to be the most attractive in this vicinity, for Mrs. 
Morse is an extensive dealer in millinery and fancy goods, 
iind always has on hand a very desirable assortment of the 
latest novelties in these lines She is a native of this town, 
and has a large circle of friends here, to which she has 
added many more since inaugurating her present enter- 
prise in 1890. It would be hardly worth while to attempt 
to describe a stock which is so constantly changing as is 
hers, and we will therefore only state that it comprises 
new millinery, dry and fancy goods, ladies' bools and 
shoes of various kinds. Jlrs. Morse keeps thoroughly well 
informed concerning the latest dictates of fashion, aud the 
very latest fashionable novelties are obtained as soon as 
they appear on the market. The store occupied is located 
in the White Bros, building on Depot street, and is 20x40 
feet in dimensions. Mrs. Morse's exceptional taste has 
given her a most enviable reputation among those who 
appreciate really artistic millinery effects. She employs 
several assistants during the busj' season, and fills orders 
at short notice and at moderate rates, besides sparing no 
pains to show goods. 

Main Street, Lincoln, in 1891. 


Lincoln is remarkable among other towns in this section for its great size, the number of ponds 
and streams which it contains and which afford abundant and excellent facilities for log driving, the 
rapidity with which the town developed after its first settlement, its growth in population during 1870— 
1880, a period when many other Maine towns fell off, and for its excellent railway facilities ; the 
Maine Central Railway extending along the whole length of its river front, a distance of about ten 
miles. This is by far the largest town in Penobscot county, it having an area of about 57,000 acres. 
It is located in about the centre of the central portion of the county and is bounded on the north by 
the Penobscot River and by Winn ; on the east by Winn and Lee ; on the south by Burlington and 
Lowell, and on the west by Knfield and the Penobscot River. Its greatest length is eleven miles and 
its greatest breadth Sk miles. The surface of the township is uneven and the soil is generally rocky 
and difficult to cultivate, but along the streams it is much freer from stones and more fertile and some 
excellent crops are raised. Originally, nearly the entire town was covered by a heavy growth of pine 
timber but the greater portion has been cleared although there is still some quite valuable timber in the 
township and an abundant supply of wood. Lumber is largely manufactured as is spool-stock, — 
that used for the famous Clark " O. N. T." thread having been made here for years. Tanning is carried 
on to a considerable extent and there are various other lines of manufacture engaged in, for the ex- 
cellent water power available has been utilized to a considerable extent from a very early period in the 
town's history, although its possibilities have not as yet been nearly developed. The ponds and 
streams wholly or partially within the township are so numerous and important that an adequate de- 
scription of them would exhaust the entire space at our disposal, and important as is the part they have 
played in the past development of the town it is but an earnest of what may reasonably be expected 
of them in the future. 

" Cold Stream" would seem to be a favorite name for ponds in this section for besides the large 
Cold Stream pond in Enfield, there is Little Cold Stream pond in the southwest corner of Lincoln and 
two Cold Stream ponds east of the former. These ponds and Little Round Pond which lies northeast 
of them form a chain, they being all connected and emptying finally into the Pissadumkeag River, 
differing in this respect from the remaining Lincoln ponds, which flow directly into the Penobscot. 



The uppermost of these is appropriately named Upper Pond and extends from a point about half a 
mile'north of the Burlington line a mile and a half to the northwest, its average breadth slightly ex- 
ceeding half a mile. Upper Pond empties into Folsom Pond by an outlet half a mile long, and that 
pond empties into Mattanawcook Pond by an outlet a mile long whose waters are swelled by the dis- 
charge from Crooked Pond which empties into it at a point about midway of its course; Mattanawcook 
Pond also receives the waters of Dead Stream, and of Rocky Brook. 

Another chain of lakes emptying directly into the Penobscot may be found in the northern part of 
the township, the first one of the series lying three miles northeast of Upper Pond. It is called Caribou 
Pond and receives the waters of Egg Pond, so-called because its outline resembles that of an egg more 
or less — but considerably less than more. The next in the chain is Long Pond, more than two miles 


Bird's Eye View of Lincoln. 

in length and about a third of a mile in average breadth, connecting by a short outlet with Comedlasse 
Pond which empties into Combolass sti'eam and thus makes connection with the middle pond of a chain 
of three, all of which are drained by a continuation of Combolass stream which crosses the river road 
and the railroad and empties into the Penobscot, this being the uppermost of the tributaries of that 
river in Lincoln which contributes four small streams to the Penobscot below the mouth of Combolass 
stream. The four head streams of Mattakeunk Pond, in Lee, rise in Lincoln and merge into one 
shortly before crossing the town line. 

The population of Lincoln is quite widely distributed but by far the larger part of it is concen- 
trated at Lincoln village, Lincoln centre, and East Lincoln, although there are many residents along 
the whole ten miles of the river road and also along the road to Topsfield, the Enfield road, and other 
thoroughfares. The centre of business is at Lincoln village, where there is a railway station, sidetracks 
communicating with the principal manufacturing establishments so that the trouble and expense of 
receiving and shipping goods are reduced to a minimum. Lincoln centre has a railway station also, 
and various milk, shop^ and stores, besides schools, churches, etc. There is another railway station at 
South Lincoln, a little more than four miles below Lincoln village. The east part of the town is largely 
populated, and at East Lincoln is an important post-office, the mail service being quite frequent and 
the receipts exceeding those of many much more pretentious oflRces. The town is named in honor of 



Crovernor Lincoln, of Portland, the largest of the original proprietors. Its settlement was begun in 
1824, but it was not until the following year that the work of development was entered upon in earnest 
-and from that date phenomenally rapid progress was made, the early growth of Lincoln being more 
rapid than that of any other town in Penobscot county. Barely four years elapsed from the time the 
heavy labor of clearing the ground was begun before the incorporation of the town, the necessary leg- 
islative act being passed January 30, 1829, and eleven years later, or in 1840, the town had a popula- 
tion of 1,121. In view of these facts it is hardly necessary to say that the early settlers were intelli- 
gent, industrious and enterprising, — qualities which have evidently descended to their successors, for 
Lincoln is everywhere regarded as one of the most progressive and promising towns in the county. 
The water power afforded by the Mattanawcook was utilized soon after the settlement of the town, the 
"first mills being located on the site of what is now the lower village. The opening of the military 
Toad to Iloulton, along the Lincoln side of the Penobscot, was an excellent thing for the town, and the 
building of the railroad and the subsequent great improvement of its connections have made Lincoln 
•one of the most advantageously located of all the river towns north of Bangor, and in connection with 
the many natural advantages of the region and the importance which Maine is assuming as a favorable 
;place for the establishment of large manufacturing enterprises justifies the prediction that the future 
-■growth of Lincoln will fully bear out the promise of its early years. 

Representative Business Men of Lincoln, Me. 

uLincoln, Me. — As this book is avowedly commercial in 
•character, that is to say, is devoted expressly to the mer- 
-cantile and manufacturing interests of the region of which 
it treats, objection may perhaps be made to its containing 
a notice of the Mattanawcook Normal Academy, as that is 
so far from being a business institution that its manage- 
ment consider money making of secondary importance, 
their prime object being to so direct the academy that it 
shall give as good an education as possible to as many per- 
sons as possible. But such an objection would scarcely 
apply, for the plan of this book calls for mention of all 
institutions and establishments whose work tends to 
advance the best interests of the community, and no one 
will tliink of denying that the academy has been most 
helpful to this community and to this section of the State 
since its incorporation in 1846. Detailed description of the 
record, resources, aims and prospects of the institution is, 
of course, quite beyond our power to give in the necessa- 
rily limited space available, and we will simply say here is 
an old established and proiressively managed educational 
institution, utilizing commodious, well-equipped, healthful 
and beautifully located apartments, capable of accommo- 
dating 100 pupils, who will be given every opportunity to 
gain a thorough training in the English branches, modern 
languages and music. Conscientious and experienced 
teachers are provided, the surroundings and the atmos- 
phere are of a character highly favorable to progress, espe- 
cially when compired with those of large cities or bustling 
towns, and although it is as true here as elsewhere that 
^' there is no royal road to learning," and each pupil must 
depend principally upon himself for whatever advance- 
ment may be made, still the favorable conditions here 
present cannot but be of material advantage to every 
scholar. The residents of Lincoln take great pride in the 
academy and pupils are assured a hearty reception and 
kindly treatment, many of the townspeople taking them to 
board and providing home comforts and home care at 
almost nominal rates. Mr. Francis H. Fuller is president 
of the corporation, Oliver H. Chesley vice president ; Mr. 
Edward T, Fuller is treasurer, and Mr. Meader B. Pink- 
bam is secretary, and any of these gentlemen will furnish 
tf urther information relative to tUe academy on application. 

MEADER B. PINKHAM, General Merchan- 
dise, Lincoln, Me.-r-A review of the leading business men 
of Lincoln which contained no mention of Mr. Meader B. 
Pinkham, would justly be considered as strangely incom- 
plete, for this gentleman is one of the most prominent 
members of the community, and during his long business 
career has gained a most enviable reputation for constant 
attendance to business, and strict integrity. He is a 
native of this town and has been its treasurer, and on the 
school committee, also one of the selectmen for fifteen years, 
and postmaster twelve years. He is engaged in the hand- 
ling of general merchandise of all kinds, having begun Ids 
present enterprise in 1859. The premises made use of are 
40x6.5 feet in dimensions, and contain a well chosen and 
complete stock, and a large retail business is done. We 
need hardly say that a merchant hiving Mr. Pinkham's 
long experience and ability should be in a position to quote 
the lowest market rates on dependable goods, and that he 
does so is well known to our Lincoln readers. Orders are 
promptly filled, and the high repuiation of the enterprise 
is fully maintained in every respect. 

Millinery and Fancy Goods ; orders promptly executed ; 
reasonable prices ; Lincoln, Me. — We are often told that 
the highest success in any given line of business is only 
possible to those who understand it thoroughl}' in every 
detail, and a very prominent illustration of this fact is that 
afforded by the leading position held by the Misses Jordan 
& Averill among the fashionable milliners of this section, 
for although these ladies have been located in Lincoln 
only a few years, they now conduct what is conceded to 
be one of the representative establishments of the kind in 
the town. The premises occupied cover an area of SBme 
500 feet, and are fitted up in an attractive manner, while 
the stock on hand will compare favorably with that car- 
ried at any other establishment of the kind in this vicinity. 
Both tliese ladies are natives of Lincoln, and their present 
business was established many years ago by Mrs. Sarah 
Wilson. The business has been steadily developing from 
year to year, and it is a noteworthy fact that their patron- 
age is as select as it is extensive. A select stock off '^the 



very latest fashionable novelties in millinery and fancy 
goods is constantly carried, and flowers, velvets and trim- 
fliings in general are largely dealt in. Custom millinery 
■work is a very prominent feature of the business and 
orders are promptly executed at short notice, and at very 
reasonable prices. 

LINCOLN HOUSE, S. H. Clay, Proprietor ; 
Livery Stable connected ; Free Coach to and from all 
trains ; Lincoln, Me. — The Lincoln House may properly 
be called one of the "institutions" of Lincoln, for this 
hotel has been in existence so many years, and has been so 
excellently managed from the start that it is well and 
favorably known to all whom business or pleasure call fre- 
quently to the town. The present proprietor, Mr. S. H. 
Clay, assumed sole control in 1889, he having previously 
been associated with Mr. C. M. Woods in the proprietor- 
ship of this hotel for about one year. Mr. Clay is a native 
of Springtiekl, Me , and is a well known and highly 
esteemed hotel keeper. The Lincoln House has tifty 
guest rooms, and is conveniently and very pleasantly 
located. It is a thoroughly neat and well kept hotel in 
every respect, and the most fastidious can find no reasona- 
ble fault with either the house or its appointments, the 
beds and other furnishings being modern and comfortable 
in style, while the service is remarkably elBcient, being 
prompt, intelligent and obliging. The cuisine will be 
found very satisfactory, the table being supplied with an 
abundance of seasonable food at all times of the year, and 
is neatly served. There is a good stable connected with 
the house at which teams of all kinds may be obtained at 
moderate rates, and at very short notice, while free coaches 
are on hand to meet all trains. As Lincoln is in tho imme- 
diate vicinity of hunting and fishing territorj', sportsmen 
aid tourists will find this hotel just the place to make a 
halt for a few days' comfort and rest, and where they can 
get points about hunting and fishing to the best advantage. 

F. H. TUPPER, Druggist, Lincoln, Me.— 
People are very apt to wonder how the proprietor of a 
"General store" can keep track of all the articles he 
handles, and are not slow to excuse the frequent mistakes 
made in such establishments, on the grounds that errors 
are unavoidable under such circumstances. And yet we 
question if the average general store contains such a large 
variety of articles as may be found in a first class modern 
pharmacy. Such a one for instance as is conducted by 
Mr. F. li. Tupper in this town. The extreme scarcity of 
errors in a well equipped drug store speaks volumes for 
the ability and care of those having such establishments in 
charge, but the public accept this condition of affairs as a 
matter of course and give but little credit to those to 
whom credit is due. Mr. Tupper has qualified him- 
self for his profession by year.s of practical labor in a 
drug store, and legally by receiving from the State Board 
of Pharmacy a certificate of renistration dated Jlay 14, 
1885. He carries a large and varied stock, including a 
complete assortment of drugs, medicines, and chemicals of 
every description. He lja.s recently completed his form- 
ula, and placed upon the market a medicine wliich ought 
to find its way into every home. People who have used 
his " Compound Sarsaparilla" offer valuable testimony. 
It is not a patent medicine, as he has posted conspicuously 
the formula, and everyone can subject it to tlieir family 
pliysician and he must admit that all the ingredients act 
directly on the four great organs (the producers of health 
or disease) viz., the stomach, liver, kidneys and blood. 
Remember be does not doctor the of s3'mptoms and 
effects but only doctors the four great organs which pro- 
duce health or disease and when they perform their 
natural functions, the long list of symptoms and effects 
will disappear; it is a constitutional treatment with 
nature's remedies, roots, herbs and barks, try it. You 
cannot lose your money, for you are sure to receive a 
benefit. Special attention is given to prescription trade 
and no pains is spared to fill all orders in an accurate 

manner, and at very reasonable prices. The store is- 
20x50 feet in dimensions, recently fitted, and contains a 
fine stock of toilet and fancy articles, druggists sundries, 
etc. Mr. Tupper has recently taken the agency for the- 
celebrated " Esley organs" and pianos, which he sell*, 
cheap for cash, or on installments on ea^y terms, any 
make desired furnished at very lowest prices. He is a. 
lover of fine horses and can most always show a few good 
ones. A former resident of Bangor and a native of Har- 
rington, Jle.. and succeeded to the business of A. D 
Wilson, established over fifteen years ago. 

E. A. WEATHERBEE, dealer in Hardware,. 

Stoves and Tinnaie Gnns Ammunition, Paints, Oils, etc. 
Lincoln, Me — Ot late years there have been great improve- 

nienls in certaia 
lines of manufact- 
ure, and in no in- 
dustry has much 
greater progress- 
been made than 
in that relating to 
the production of 
stoves and ranges. 
Some of the par- 
lor stoves now oa 
the market com- 
bine beauty and 
efficiency to a re- 
markable degree, 
but the r e are 
others whicu are 
of but little use 
except for purely- 
ornamental purposes, for their designers in attaining; 
beauty of form and decoration seriously injured the heat- 
ing qualities. However, there is no use of purchasing a, 
stove defective in any respect, and the best way to avoid 
doing so is to buy of a dealer such as Mr. E. A. Weather- 
bee, for he has had sufficient experience to be thoroughly 
familiar with the leading styles of heating and cookmg 
stoves, and he handles none which he has reason to believe- 
will not give .satisfaction. This undertaking was founded 
a great many years ago, by Mr. A. W. Weatherbee, and 
after changing owners several limes, came under the 
management of the present proprietor in 1889, who is a. 
native of Springfield, Me , and very well known in this 
town, having been supervisor of schools. The premise* 
utilized by him comprises a store, 40x40 feet in dimen- 
sions and a large stock of hardware, stoves and tinware, 
besides guns, ammunition, paints, oils, etc., is constantly 
carried The losvest market rates are quoted, and all 
kinds of repairs for stoves, ranges, etc., are done in the 
most workman-like manner at short notice. 

MRS. E. C. CLARK, Millinery, Fancy Goods, 
Dry Goods and Notions, Lincoln, Me. — It is inevitable 
that in every community there should be establishments 
which either on account of their long standing, the excel- 
lence of the service provided, or both, should be uni- 
versally considered to be the leaders in their particular 
line, and among such it is fitting that prominent mention 
should be made of that conducted by Mrs. E. C. Clark, in 
this town. This business has been carried on by Mrs. 
Clark for ten years. She is a native of Hamden, Me., and 
has a large circle of friends throughout this vicinity. 
Her long and varied experience is of course of great, 
advantage to her in the filling of orders for the millinery 
work, and as her ta«te is unexceptionally correct, it is not 
surprising that no difficulty should be met with in satisfy- 
ing the most fastidious customers. The store is about- 
800 feet in dimensions, and contains a beautiful stock of 
millinery and fancy goods, and notions, comprising the 
latest fashionable novelties, for Mrs. Clark makes it a rule 
to give her patrons the earliest chance to select from the 
newett styles. Uniformly moderate rates are quoted. 




Having had fifteen years practice in dentistry, five years of which was spent with Dr. Philander 
Evans, of Bangor, and also having had the benefit of the Boston Dental School during the years of 
iSSO and 1881, I am prepared to perform all the branches of dentistry in a scientific and satisfactory 
manner. My oftice is equipped with the most modern appliances, and everything arranged for the 
oomfort of patients. A specialty is made of gold and porcelain crowns, being set on natural roots. 
I also make a specialty of administering ]\Iayo's vegetable and nitrous o.xide gas. I have one of the 
best obtunders used in the profession for the painless e.vtraction of teeth. 

People from out of town should make appointments by mail, as the last two weeks in each month 
I shall visit the towns of Kingman, Matlawamkeag, Medwav, Winn, Lee and Springfield. 

HARRISON PIPER, Watches, Clocks and 
-Jewelry, Silverware, etc. ; Fine Watch Repairing a spe- 
-cialty ; Orders by mail will receive prompt attention ; Lin- 
■coln. Me. — Perhaps there are few among the business men 
•or residents of this town who realize that this is one of the 
■oldest established houses conducting business without 
change in the name or interruption to business in the town. 
That sucli is the fact is claimed by the proprietor, Mr. 
Harrison Piper, he having established his business here 
thirty two years ago, and as the residents of Lincoln havea 
well deserved reputation for patronizing home establish- 
jnents. the wisdom of this course is well indicated by the 
general high standing of the local retail business enter- 
prises. There is little encouragement for a dealer to 
•«ndeavor to offer unusual inducements, when he knows 
that all having important purchases to make will visit 
«ome adjoining town, but when the contrary is the case, 
the result is soon perceptible. Take the store conducted 
by Mr. Piper for example, and the truth of the principles 
we have hinted at will be made manifest. Mr. Piper car- 
Ties as fine a stock of watches, clocks and jewelry, silver 
ware, etc., as can be found in this section, and his prices 
<;annot be discounted by any retailer of whom we have 
any knowledge. Mr. Piper is a practical watchmaker, 
«nd makes a specialty of fine watch repairing. He is a 
native of Great Falls, N. H., has held the position of town 
treasurer, and been a selectman, and is now postmaster, so 
that he is well and favorably known throughout this vicin- 

PORTER & MILLS, dealers in Burial Caskets 
«nd Robes ; at the store of C. W. Porter, Lincoln, Me. — 
The enterprise conducted by Messrs. Porter & Mills in the 
«tore of C. W. Porter in this town, is most certainly 
deserving of prominent mention among the leading and 
typical undertakings of this section, for it was inaugurated 
«bout four years ago, and has held a leading position ever 
since. The present firm is composed of C. W. Porter, 
who is a native of Searsport, and P. J. Mills, who is a 
■native of Lincoln. They deal in burial caskets and robes, 
-etc., etc., while all the newest and best improved methods 
have been added to the equipment of the establishment, 
■«nd the finest undertaking work is executed. Employ- 
tnent is given to only competent assiftants, and as for the 
■facilities at hand, it is only necessary to sav that they are 
=aniply suflicient to fully maintHin the established reputa- 
tion of this concern for promptness and thoroughness. 
This firm have the agency in this section for ,1. Newman 
.<& Son's floral designs, flowers and emblems of all descrip- 
tions, furnished at short notice, as direct communicatinn 
iby telegriph is had with th'> above named house, the Coni- 
miercial Union Telegraph oftice being located here. 

G. STETSON, dealer in Fruit, Confectionery, 
Nuts, Cigars, Tobacco and Fancy Groceries, Clothing, 
Hats, Caps and Robes, Lincoln, Me.— Such a slock as is 
carried by Mr. G. Stetson, cannot be adequately described 
in the limited space at our command, for it is so varied 
and so complete in every department that to merely name 
the commodities it comprises would more than exhaust 
our space as well as the patience of our readers. But as a 
matter of fact f uch a procedure is quite unnecessary, for 
the Lincoln public thoroughly understand that patrons of 
this store are given an exceptionally large and desirable 
assortment to choose from, and they know that not only 
staple goods, but also the latest novelties are well repre- 
sented. It would be surprising were not Mr. Stetson well 
appreciated by this time, for he has been identified with 
his present enterprise for nearly a half a century, having 
begun operations in 1846. Mr. Stetson is a native of 
Eastport, Me., and the premises used cover an area of 
some 800 feet in dimensions, and among the more prom- 
inent commodities kept in stock may be mentioned fruit, 
nuts, confectionery, cigars, tobacco, and fancy groceries, 
clothing, hats, caps and robes, etc., etc. A large family 
trade is enjoyed as the goods are chosen expressly for 
family use, and are thoroughly reliable in quality and low 
in price. Efficient assistants are employed, so that prompt 
and polite attention is assured all callers. 

S. L. KIMBALL, dealer in Meats, Groceries, 
Provisions, and such other Goods as are Usually Found in 
a First class Store, Lincoln, Me.— Among the many 
general merchandise stores to be found in Lincoln and 
vicinity, that conducted by Mr. S. L. Kimball is deserving 
of prominent and favorable mention, not so much on 
account of any single exceptional inducement which its 
proprietor offers to the public, as by reason of the "all 
round " character of the advantages extended, or in other 
words Mr. Kimball does not make a "leader" of any one 
line of goods, selling ihem below cost and more than 
making up on other articles, but he does quote the lowest 
market rates on all the commodities he handles, and he 
spares no pains to furnish goods that will give the best of 
satisfaction. This gentleman began operations in 1889, he 
is a native of this State and the store occupied covers an 
area of some 700 feet, being suflnciently spacious to 
accommodate a large slock of meats, groceries and pro- 
visions, besides clothing, boots and shoes, crockery and 
glassware, also such other goods as are usually found in a 
first class general store. Cigars and tobacco are also kept 
in stock Orders are promptly and accurately filled and 
every article is sold under a guarantee that it will prove 
precisely as represented. 


Main Street, looking East. 


Winn lies on the east bank of the Penobgcot River and is in the eastern quarter of Penobscot 
county and very near to the Aroostook county line, being separated from the latter by a single town- 
ship, that of Mattawamkeag, which bounds Winn on the north. It is bounded on the east by Webster 
Plantation, on the south by Lee, on the southwest by Lincoln and on the northwest by the Penobscot 
River, the frontage of the town on that stream amounting to about five miles. Opposite Winn, in the 
Penobscot, are the " Five Islands " after which the town was at one time named, and there are also- 
several other islands near at hand the principal ones being Brown, Snow and Gordon islands. Winn 
is at the head of steamboat navigation on the Penobscot and its early history is closely identified with 
that of steamboating on that noble stream. 

The township is quite regular in outline, with the exception of the side turned towards the river,, 
has an average length of about five and one-half miles, an average breadth of about five miles,^ 
and an area of 22,040 acres. The principal stream is the Mattakeunk, which is the result of 
the union of two water-courses known as the East and the West Branches. The West Branch; 
enters from Lee about two miles from Winn's southeast corner, flows through the village of 
East Winn, where it affords a valuable water power, and about four miles farther along unites 
■with the East branch, which enters from Springfield at the southeast corner of Winn and flows- 
four and a half miles through the town before it reaches the point of junction. The resulting 
stream — the Mattakeunk — is quite broad but is very short, it being only a few miles long, as it 
takes a direct northerly course and empties into the Mattawamkeag River within the town of Winn. 
The latter stream enters near the northeast corner of the town, describes a small semi-circle and) 
regains the north town line and then dips down again, this time making a much longer curve,. 
recrossing the northern boundary and flowing through Mattawamkeag a few miles to the Penobscot. 
There is a water power at Gordon Falls in the Mattawamkeag River within Winn's limits and therfr 
are several powers on Mattakeunk stream. There are various other streams in town but they are not 
of suflicient importance to merit description. 

Manufacturing is carried on to a considerable extent, the production of sole leather being by far- 
the most important local industry, as a very large tannery is located here. Long and short lumber 
are also manufactured, as are boots and shoes, harness, carriage and smith work, etc. There are som& 


excellent stores at Winn village which is the trade centre of a very considerable extent of country. 
It is located on the Maine Central Railroad and contains two handsome churches, a very large hotel 
and other public buildings, besides the immense tannery previously referred to and a number of 
attractive private residences. 

Winn was incorporated in 1857 but was settled many years before that date, the first settler, 
Joseph Snow, making his appearance early in the spring of 1820. As there were no special induce- 
ments offered by this region the work of settlement went on very slowly and what few settlers there 
were were scattered about, the present village of Winn not being established until steamboat naviga- 
tion on the Penobscot had become an accomplished fact, when the steamboat landing at " Five Islands " 
became the nucleus around which gathered stores, shops and dwellings. 

The first boat reached this point in the latter part of 1847, and from that date to 1863, when the 
tannery was established, the growth of the village was dependent almost entirely upon the steamboat 
service. The European and North American Railway reached Winn in the fall of 1869, and has aided 
the development of the town although not so largely as had been expected. 

About 1852 the inhabitants of River Township No. 4, or "Snowville" as it was also called, in 
honor of the first settler, were organized as Five Islands Plantation, and April 8, 1857, the town of 
Winn was duly incorporated. It was named in honor of John M. Winn, who at the time of incorpo- 
ration was the principal proprietor of the township, but not long afterward became financially 
embarrassed and finally lost every dollar he had in the world. 

Winn is growing steadily in both population and wealth and its growth is of that healthy, sub- 
stantial character which inspires confidence and ensures permanency. There are some tine farms in town, 
the local industries are flourishing and the local trade interests are prospering, so that Winn has fairly 
entered upon the last decade of the present century under favorable auspices and may reasonably be 
expected to make pronounced progress during its remaining years. 

Representative Business Men of Winn, Me. 

HENRY POOR & SON, Tanners of Hemlock KATAHDIN HOUSE, Winn, Me.; Mattawam- 

Sole Leather; C. P. Van Vleck, Agent, Winn, Me.— The keag House, Mattawamkeig, Me.; First class Livery Stable 

magnitude of tbe tanning industryin Maine is not apprecia- 9^?n«cted with both bouses ; SB. Gates, Propnelor, 

. J . -J .1 .- 1 •.• ™ . _.„ „■„„!,; J;„....iori Winn, Me. — Many strangers visit this section on business, 

ted outside the sections where , is most extensively carried ^^^^ ^ ^^^^ ^> k^^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^ j^ ^„„. 

on, and many would never think of including leather si^erable demand for hotel accommodations, and we are 
among the most important products of the State, and yet ijappy to say that that demand is very satisfactorily sup- 
it is entitled to that distinction, not only by reason of the -pWt^d by the Katahdin House at AViun, and the Mattawam- 
quantity, but also the quality of Vie product, JIaine sole keag Houfe at Mattawamkeag, Mr. S. B. Gates ot Winn 
leather of the higher grade being unsurpassed in the mar- being proprietor of both hotels. He is a native of Lincoln, 
ket. The house ot Henry Poor & Son, liaving its main Me., and is very generally and favorably known among 
office iit Nn. 00 South street, Boston, Mass., is known to the travelling public as well as among the residents of this 
the trade as one of the largest producers of hemlock sole portion of the State, for he has carried on the Katahdin 
leather, and it is a significant fact that the business con- House since 1875, and tlie Mattawamkeag House since 
ducted by this firm has steadily and rapidly increased since 1884, and as lie has always done his best to make his 
its inception some sixty years ago. The tanneries now guests feel at home, it is natural that he should have made 
utilized include one at Winn, built in 1864; one at many friends among them and gained an envmble i. pula- 
Medway, bfiilt in 1870 ; one ot Lowell, purchased in 1881 ; tion as " a square man who knows how to keep a hotel, 
and one at Lincoln, purchased in 1883 They are fitted up as one ot the most enthusiastic sportsmen who viMt this 
with improved machinery, which is run bv steam, with section describes Mr. Gales. Employment is given to 
the exception of the Lowell tannery, which is driven by eight assistants at Winn, and to nine at Mattawamkeag, 
water power. Employment is given to 105 men inside, and each hotel can very comfortably accommodate fifty 
and in bark peeling season aboiu 000 men are employed, guests, but double that number have been accommodated 
also in winter about 200 teams, and the total capacity of during "a rush," for this region is very largely visited at 
the four tanneries is about 3.000 tons per year. Mr. C. P. certain seasons. There is a first class livery stable con 
Van Vleck is agent for all of them, he having his head- neeted with each house, and excdlent teams may be 
quarters at Winn where the concern maintains a lieavily obtained at short notice and at moderate rates. Mr. Gates 
stocked supply store. Messrs. Henry Poor & Son furnish carefully supervises both houses, sees that the service is 
sole leather to many of the most prominent lioot and shoe maintained at a high standard of efficiency, promotes the 
manufacturers in the countrv, and their product is accepted comfort of his guests in all possible ways, and in short, 
as the standard wherever "iiitroducfd, and finds a ready carries out the policy which has made the two hotels under 
market notwithstanding the large amount turned out. his charge rank with the most popular in Maine. 



>^C. J. CARLL, Undertaker and dealer in Cas- 
kets : also Harness Made and Repaired ; Winn, Me. — Mr 
C .1. Carll is a native of Bellast, jMe , but during tbe 
twenty-five years that he has carried on business in Winn 
has become so thoroughly identified with the interests of 
the town as to be looked upon as a representative citizen 
in the full sense of the word. Mr. Carll has had long and 
varied business experience as an undertaker, and is pre- 
pared to fill all orders entrusted to him in that capacity 
with fidelity, intelligence and disjatch. He will assume 
charge of funerals, and furnish i-verylhirg tliat is required, 
his facilities enabling him to execute all commissions al 
very short notice, and at uniformly moderate rales. He 
tleals extensively in agricultural implements and all kinds 
■of seeds, and furniture, etc., and is also a maker and 
repairer of harness. The premises occupied cover about 
1,000 square feet, together with a storeroom. The aseort- 
ment of goods is sufficiently extensive and complete to 
enable all purses and all tastes to be suited, and those who 
wish to obtain articles that will prove precisely as repre- 
sented, at the lowest market rates would do well to give 
Mr. Carll a call. 


H. H. DeBECK, M.D., Manager, 

^One generally feels considerable hesitation in giving 
advice as to what physician shall be con.'^ulted or at what 
pharmacy prescriptions shall be compounded, for the con- 
sequences of advising wrongly in either case are too grave 
to be lightly assumed. Still, we feel perfectly sure that 
all who may patronize the establishment conducted by H. 
H. De Beck, M. D., manager of the " Winn Drug Store," 
will have no reason to regret having done so, for we know 
that the stock of drugs, medicines and chemicals there car- 
ried is full and complete; also a full line of surgical appli 
ances is carried in stock. Dr. De Beck may be depended 
upon to compound every prescription with which he is 
entrusted with care. He opened his present store in 1886, 
which is well arranged and fitted up for the purposes for 
which it is used. Dr. De Beck endeavors to handle otly 
pure and fresh drugs, etc., and secures that end as far as 
possible by procuring his supplies from the most reputable 
sources. He is very moderate in his charges, and employs 
one efficient assistant, thus being able to fill all orders 
without undue delay. 

H. H. BLACKWELL, Jeweler and Watch 
Repairer, Winn, Me. — Mr. H. H. Blackwell is a jeweler, 
(dealer in, and repairer of watches, having begun opera- 
tions here in 1867 In 
1873 he went West, 
and returned in 1890. 
Mr. Blackwell is a 
native of Norridne- 
wock. Me. It is un- 
lortunate that with 
the gnat increiise in 
the number of fine 
watchi-s in general 
useof liiteyeais, there 
has not been a corre- 
sponding increase in 
the number of those 
capnbli' of repairing 
the same, fi r as mat- 

ters now are the better the watch is, the more liable its owner 
is to experience difficulty in having it repaired properly. 
That this is a correct statement of the case, no one ac- 
quainted with the facts will dispute, and therefore we feel 
that in directing our readers to au establishment where a 
specialty is made of repairing watches, we are giving them 
information which may save them time, money and trouble. 
Mr. H. H. Blackwell carries a good assortment of watches 
and jewelry, which it will please him to show, and will 
/)ay for the time spent in examinaiion. He gives personal 
attention to the repairing of watches and jewelry in all its 
branches and his prices are moderate. 

MRS. J. A. BRADMAN, Millinery, Fancy 
Goods, Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes, Ladies Furnishings, 
Winn. — The business conducted by Mrs. J. A. Bradman 
hiid its inception in 1884 in Mattawamkeag, and was carried 
(m there till 1889, when it was started in this town. The 
premises are fitted up for the tasteful display of her large 
stock which consists of a complete line of millinery and 
fancy goods, dry goods, boots and shoes, and ladies fur- 
nishings, etc., etc. Mrs. Bradman has a large order trade 
and it is with pleasure that we recommend her goods and 
establishment to the favorable attention of all our readers 
who have not pairoiiizcd her; here they can obtain fresh 
goids of the latest designs and newest styles at fair and 
reasonable prices. Dressmaking is also done in connec- 
tion with the (jtlier business. Mrs. Bradman only employs 
competent assistants, and kreps on hand a well assorted 
and carefully selected ttock of everything usually to be 
found in a first class establishment of this kind, and her 
facilities for obtaining goods at first hands and at the low- 
est possible figures are well known and recognized and 
her experience leads her to anticipate and meet the wants 
of the public, in a prompt and satisfactory manner, judg- 
ing from her large number of patrons. Mr. J. A. Brad- 
man is prepared to do carriage and sign painting in the 
best manner and at verv reasonable rates. 

J. E. & F. C. ESTES, dealers in Mowing 
Machines, Sewing Machines, Horse Rakes, Wagons, 
Sleighs, Hides, Pelts, Furs, etc. Also Groceries, Meat 
and Short Lumber, Winn, Me. — The enterprise conducted 
by Messrs. J. E. & F. C. Estes is deserving of particularly 
prominent mention in any review of the representative 
business undertakings of Winn and vicinity, not only on 
account of the great extent to which it has been developed, 
but also by reason of the high personal standing its pro- 
prietors have in the community, and the fact that they are 
among the oldest established merchants in town, having 
begun operations in 1875. Messrs. J. E. & F. C. Estes, 
are both natives of Vasselboro, Me. The premises occu- 
pied by the firm in this town comprise a store 22x80 feet 
in dimensions, also a basement 22x60 feet, together with 
a store house, so that there Is abundant room to accommo- 
date a large stock, and this room is fully U'ed, the assort- 
ment on hand being remarkably varied and complete in 
every department. It is made up of mowing machines, 
sewing machines, horse rakes, wagons, sleighs, hides, 
pelts, furs, etc., etc., together with a stock of fine grocer- 
ies, meats and short lumber, etc.. which latter have been 
added to their old business about one year since. These 
articles are in every instance guaranteed to prove precisely 
as represented ami are offered at prices that will bear the 
most severe examination and comparison, for this firm 
have always made it a rule not to allow themselves to be 
undersold in the handling of dependable goods. 






^WI^^, MA.1^1 

J. E. ESTES, Attorney at Law, Winn, Me.— 
It is peifeclly safe to make the assertion tliat no one in 
this section of the State is more prominent in law matters 
than Mr. J. E. Estes, lor this gentleman has been identi- 
fied with such interests, for many years, in Winn, and as 
no mercantile enterprises can be successfully carried on 
nowadays without competent legal advice at times, for 
questions are continually arising which require extensive 
knowledge of the law and of precedents in order to 
answer them satisfactorily, and the demands of modern 
business are so exacting that it is simply impossible for 
any man however able to properly attend to them and at 
the same time to keep himself free from legal complica- 
tions without that assistance which only an experienced 
attorney at law can render. The great majority of busi- 
ness men appreciate this fact and the extensive legal 
practice enjoyed by Mr. J. E. Estes, is the natural con- 
sequence of this appreciation, and of the general knowl- 
«dge of his long and varied experience in the profession, 
having had exceptional opportunities to become familiar 
•with the court's practice. 

A. J. LEE, Dry Goods, Groceries and Jewelry, 
Winn, Me. — Among those establishments which merit 
mention in this book, that conducted by Mr. A. J. Lee, 
eUould be given a place, for although this store makes no 
great pretensions still it is worthy of the most liberal 
patronage for the simple reason that no goods are sold 
under false pretences, every article being guaranteed to 
prove just as represented in every respect. This business 
was founded a great many years ago by Messrs. Lovejoy 
■& Hall, who were succeeded by T. R. Joy & Co., they 
carrying it on for some fifteen yeais, and up to 1891, when 
the present proprietor took its management. The premises 
used coiii'i-it of one store 25x65 feet in dimensions, and a 
l«rge retail trade is done in dry goods of all kinds, gro- 

ceries and jewelry, etc. Mr. Lee who is a native of 
Sebec, Me., does not claim to sell lower than everybody 
else or to be constantly offering goods " below cost," but 
he is content with a small margin of profit, and a dollar 
will go about as far in this store as at any similar estab- 
lishment in town. Orders are promptly filled, every caller 
receiving careful and polite attention. The post office is 
in this store. 

HENRY JARVIS, dealer in Groceries, Dry 
Goods, Boots, Shoes and Rubbers, Hats, Caps, Clothing, 
etc., also Fresh and Salt Meats and Fish, Winn, Me. — Of 
course in the compilation of a book of this kind it is not 
always easy to determine the proper degree of prominence 
to give tlie various business enterprises of which mention 
is made, but this difficulty is not present in all classes 
by any means as there are certain undertakings the 
representative character of whicli is fo apparent as to be 
obvious, making their title to a leading position in any 
review of the section's business houses clear beyond dis- 
pute. In this class must be placed the establishment 
carried on by Henry Jarvis, in this town. For the many 
years that this undertaking has been conducted, and the 
unsurpassed reputation for fair dealing and enterprise 
enjoyed by the manager combine to make it representative 
in the full sense of the word. The enterprise in question 
was founded many years ago, by Mr. G. H. Hayues, and 
so continued till 1884, when the present proprietor assumed 
its management. The premises occupied comprise one 
store 40X100 feet in size, and the stock on hand is large 
enough to test its capacity for it is exceptionally complete 
and comprises groceries, dry goods, boots, shoes and 
rubbers, hats, caps, clothing, etc., etc. Also fresh and salt 
meats and fish, etc. Employment is given to efficient 
assistants and customers are promptly served while the 
character of the trade is enough to prove that the pro- 
prietor handles only reliable goods and quotes low prices. 

Bied's Eye View of Mattawamkhag. 


Mattawamkeag is the most northerly of the Penobscot county towns along the east bank of the 
Penobscot river, it being bounded on the north by Molunkus and Macwahoc plantations in Aroostook 
county. Kingman bounds it on the east; Webster plantation and Winn on the south, and Woodville 
plantation or Indian township on the west, it being separated from the latter by the Penobscot river. 
It is fifty-eight miles north-northeast of Bangor on the Maine Central railroad at its point of junctioi* 
with the Canadian Pacific railroad, and the former road has extensive repair shops, etc., at Matta- 
wamkeag village, making it the most important place on its line, Bangor, of course, excepted. The- 
extreme breadth of the township is six and one-half miles and it is a little more than five miles across 
its narrowest part, while its eastern line is nearly five and one-half miles long and its western 
boundary line or river frontage is five and two-thirds miles in length, the area of the tract being 
slightly less than that of an evenly surveyed township. 

There are no important lakes or ponds and the largest and most useful stream is the Mattawam- 
keag River, from which the town is named. The name of the stream is obviously of Indian origin and 
is said to mean " a river with many rocks at its mouth." The river rises in Aroostook county and 
after passing through Drew plantation and Kingman enters Mattawamkeag a mile and a quarter 
above the southeast corner of the township, dips twice below the border of Winn on the south 
and then takes a straight northwest course to the Penobscot into which it empties at Mattawamkeag 
village, its channel from its first point of entrance into the town being about seven miles in length,, 
and the character of the stream being very favorable for the operations of the lumbermen, as is also 
that of the Mattaseunk stream which enters the town from Molunkus and flows across its northwest 
corner to the Penobscot. Both the Mattawamkeag and the Mattaseunk receive various tributaries- 
during their passage through the town and are valuable streams whose facilities are largely availed of. 
Mills were built as early as 1805 by Alexander Gordon at what are now known as Gordon's Falls, ii» 
the Mattawamkeag, but they were burned by the Indians in 1812. 


Mattawamkeag was formerly known as Township No. 1, East Indian Purchase, and the first 
settlement was made very early in the century as is indicated by the building of the mills in 1805, but 
it was not until 1854 that it was organized as a plantation, and it did not become an incorporaied 
town until February, IfeGO. But since that date its growth has been continuous and pronounced, and 
at times exceptionally rapid, the tendency of late years being to out-do all previous records. From 
1860 to 1870 the population increased from 260 to 356; from 1870 to 1880 it grew to 456; and in 1890 
it had amounted to 683; the valuation of estates at that time amounting to $139,642, as compared with 
an estate valuation of $77,768 in 1880. The first train reached Mattawamkeag in November, 1869, 
and this is an important date in the history of the town as it owes the greater part of its prosperity 
to the excellence of its railway facilities, although the possession of these is due, of course, to the 
natural advantages enjoyed by the town. 

The enterprise and ability of some of the early settlers must also be considered in summing up 
the reasons for Mattawamkeag's development, and prominent among these men is Captain Samuel W. 
Coombs, who was the fourth permanent settler, he coming in 1835, and for a period of forty- seven 
years being actively engaged in ihe surveying of land and lumber. Captain Coombs has done much 
to advance the best interests of the town, has held various public offices, and is one of the most widely 
known and highly respected residents of Penobscot county, and an acknowledged authority on- 
matters relating to Mattawamkeag's history. 

The manufactures of the town include the production of long and short lumber, smith work, and 
picture frames, besides the important industries carried on at the M. C. R. R. locomotive works and 
at the M. C. R. R. car shops. There are about half a dozen general storei besides other mercantile 
establishments and a couple of hotels; Mattawamkeag village being the centre of trade for miles 
around as well as an important railway and stage station, and being the terminus of stage lines to- 
Medway and Patten. The mail, express and telegraphic services are excellent, and, in short, Matta- 
wamkeag possesses all the conveniences and facilities of an enterprising and prosperous modern town, 
including good schools, adequate religious facilities, and prosperous fraternal organizations, the latter- 
including Masonic associations and a grange of Patrons of Husbandry. 

Representative Business Men of Mattawaml^eag. 

F. A. JAMES & CO., dealers in Groceries, W. H. LIBBEY, dealer in Dry Goods,. 

Meats, etc. ; also Proprietors of Livery Stable, Mattawam- Groceries of all kinds, Boots, Shoes, etc., Mattawamkeag, 
keag. Me -Many a housekeeper is looking for just such Me. -Other things being equal, it is of course adyisable to- 
an establishment as that carried on bv Messrs. F. A. , ° . ' , , , 
James & Co., located in this town, and we take pleasure procure as large a proportion of whatever goods may be 
in commending this enterprise to such inquirers, for we required as possible at one store, for lime and trouble are 
know that Messrs. James & Co.'s methods are bound to saved by so doing, and few of us have any time to throw 
please and we know that those who have business dealings i sometimes argued that those who make a 
with this concern are outspoken in their approval of the •' ~ • j 
accommodations offered Operations were bejjun in 1888, specialty of certain goods can offer greater inducements 
and the trade has since steadily increased. The firm con- than general dealers, but " the proof of the pudding is in 
sists of F. A. James and A. VV. Scott, both natives of this the eatin?," and those who have made practical compari- 
State. The store occupied is 20x^^0 feet in size, and the son of the advantages offered by Mr. W. H. Libbey, with, 
stack on hand is large and varied, which includes groceries those held out by special dealers, are convinced that h& 
of all kinds, and meats, etc. It will be seen that the does as well by his customers as any retailer can do. 
greater part of the household food supply may be obtained This business was established many years ago, and about 
of Messrs. James & Co., ind as their prices are all that can ten years since passed under the control of the present 
be reasonably desired as regards fairness, etc., it is well proprietor who is a native of Maine and who has increased 
worth while giving them a call. The groceries and pro- the business so much that three assistants are required to 
visions comprise the best the markets afford, and the give the many orders prompt and careful attention. The- 
canned goods handled are varied in kind and best in qual- premises occupied are spacious and are 20x40 feet in 
ity, while everything handled in stock is received direct dimensions, together with a storeroom, and contains an- 
from the producers and are quoted at prices as low as the extensive and varied stock of dry goods, groceries of all 
lowest. Four competent assistants are employed and all kinds, boots, shoes, etc., and other commodities too numer- 
customers are served in a polite and intelligent manner. ous to make detailed mention of, a catalogue of it would: 
This firm are proprietors of a livery stable where good exhaust many times our available space, but the resident* 
teams may be had at reasonable rates. Adjoining the of Mattawamkeag know tliat Mr. Libbey constantly car- 
store of this firm is the fancy goods and millinery depart- ries a full assortment, and that the goods may be safely- 
ment of Mrs. A. W. Scott. depended upon to prove as represented. 



G. F. STRATTON & CO., Meat, Fish and 
•Groceries, Maltawamkeag, Me. — It is by catering espe- 
•cially to the family trade that Mesars. Stratlon & Smith 
have worked up the liberal patronage they now enjoy in 
the sale of meal, fish and groceries, in this town, and 
none who have observed the methods by which this estab- 
lishment has been advanced to its present popularity can 
begrudge them the success attained, for it has been won 
not by beliltllng competitors and seeking to injure any 
man, "but by conscientious, intelligent and untiring work 
of the hardest kind, Mr. G. F. Stratton is a native of 
Presque Isle, Me., and Mr. C. A. Smith of Mattawatnkeag, 
They founded their present bu-iness in Mattawamkeag, in 
1891. Spacious premises are occupied and employment is 
given to only competent assistants, which enables them to 
till all orders with promptness and accuracy. The stock 
on hand is a full and varied one, ranging frem tea to fiour, 
and from molasses to kerosene oil, besides a choice assort- 
ment of meats and fish of all kinds is carried, meats and 
fish forming an important part of the business. Fresh 
fish is received from the market every Friday morning. 
The prices are reasonable and customers of this house can 
depend on getting a fair equivalent for their money. This 
firm have reason to take special pride in the goods fur- 
nished to patrons, for it is impossible to find their superior 

GEO. W. SMITH, dealer in Dry Goods, 
■Groceries, Corn, Flour and Provisions, Hardware, Cut- 
lery, Paints, Oils, Crockery and Glass- Ware, Patent Med- 
icines, Fancy Goods, Stationery, etc., Mattawamkeag, 
Me. — This enterprise was founded by Mr. Asa Smith in 
1835, and carried on by him for many years, the present 
proprietor, Mr. Geo. W. Smith, assuming control in 1863. 
He is a native of Haynesville, Me. Jlr. Smith deals very 
extensively in general mercliandise, the store occupied 
being 40x50 feet in size, the stock being as large as it is 
varied and we have only to say that among the more 
important of the commodities, it includes, are full lines of 
dry goods, groceries, corn, flour and provisions, hardware, 
•cutlery, paints, oils, glass-ware and crockery, patent med- 
icines, fancy goods, and stationery, etc. The quality is as 
noteworthy as the quantity, for although Mr. Smith 
liandles all the standard grades of goods, he deals in no 
goods he cannot guarantee will prove as represented. 
Bottom prices are quoted in every department of the busi- 
ness, while country produce is taken at the highest mar- 
ket prices in exchange for goods. Polite and competent 
assistants are employed and orders aie filled with prompt- 
ness. Mr. Smith is a selectman, postmaster and American 
Express Company's agent. 

Proprietor, Mattawamkeag. Me.^It is by no means an 
agreeable task to recommend a hotel to a man unless you 
know what his tastes are, for some individuals go in for 
"" style " alone and will put up with comfortless accommo- 
dations and pour service as long as they know they are in 
a " high toned " house, while otliers put comfort before 
style and don't care how exclusive and aristocratic a house 
is as long as it is homelike and respectable. But in recom- 
mending the Internal ional House to our readers we will 
avoid all possible misunderstanding by saying at the out- 
^et that this hotel is run on the assumption that the public 
want ple.isant rooms, comfortable beds, an abundance of 
s;ood substantial food and prompt and polite attendance, 
and that they don't want to pay fancy prices, but are will- 

ing to pay a fair amount for homelike accommodations. 
The present proprietor, Mr. W. R. Stratton assumed con- 
trol in 1887, he is a native of Maine and does all in his 
power to secure the comfort of guests and is very popular 
among the patrons of the house, who speak in the highest 
terms of his readiness to furnish any desired information 
and to make things as easy and pleasant as po.ssible for 
strangers in town. The house can accommodate some 
fifty guests, and the table is bountifully supplied at all 
seasons of the year, while the cooking and service are 
excellent, and tlie prices are moderate. This house is 
pleasantly located, is about 100 yards from railroad station 
and is very convenient. Anyone wishing for a quiet and 
pleasant place to pass the summer, will find this a good 
place to tarry and where the boarding rates are very mod- 

F. A. GREENWOOD, Dry Goods, Boots and 
Shoes, Meat and Fish, Mattawamkeag, Me. — The estab- 
lishment carried on by Mr. F. A. Greenwood, is as fine an 
example of a first class country store as can be found in 
Maine, and is worthy of much more extended mention 
than the limitations of space will enable us to give it, for 
the stock carried is so varied and the business has so many 
important departments that a full description of the enter- 
prise would occupy a good deal of room. It was inaugu- 
rated some five years ago by the present proprietor, who 
is a native of Canada, and is one of the best-known busi- 
ness men in this section, being highly esteemed for his 
active and progressive l)ut strictly honorable methods. 
The premises made use of consist of a store, covering 
some 600 square feet and a meat room, and among the 
more important commodities included in the stock may be 
mentioned dry goods, boots, shoes, meat and fish. No 
fancy prices are quoted in any department and indeed Mr. 
Greenwood makes a practice of furnishing all the articles 
which he deals in, at the lowest market rates, orders 
will be promptly and accurately filled under his personal 
supervision. In addition to the above business, Mr. 
Greenwood carries a full supply of coffins and caskets, 
together with a complete assortment of funeral goods. 
Embalming is also done. 

MRS. C. A. HAYNES, Dry and Fancy Goods, 
Millinery, Mattawamkeag, Me. — The value and desirability 
of astockof goods depend more upon quality than quantity, 
and this is particularly the case where such articles as 
millinery and fancy goods are concerned, so it may be 
safely asserted that no more attractive assortment cin be 
found in Mattawamkeag than that offered by Mrs. C. A. 
Haynes, for this is selected with exceptional skill and care, 
nn ' comprises the latest fishlonable novelties, while it is 
sufficiently varied to suit all tastes and all purses. Jlrs. 
Haynes began operations some years ago and has built up 
a very desirable trade, her success being due not only to 
the attractiveness of the goods -offered, but also to the 
moderate charges made in every department of the busi- 
ness and the promptness with which orders are filled. 
Millinery, dry and fancy goods, and notions of all kinds, 
etc., may be obtained here at the lowest market rates, 
together with choice fancy goods In great variety. Cus- 
tom work is given prompt and painstaking attention and 
the results attained will surely prove satisfactory to the 
most critical. Callers are always welcome, goods being 
cheerfully shown and prices quoted Mrs. Haynes has a 
few desiral)le house lots situated on one of the pleasantest 
streets in Mattawamkeag, which she would like to sell. 

Bird's Eye View of Kingman. 


Kingman is a comparatively new town in a quite recently settled region, it lying near ibe border 
of the great Aroostook wilderness and the first settlement in the tract, being made less than thirty 
years ago, although it was organized as a plantation in 1859. The north and east part, including about 
900 of the 15,000 acres included in the present township, belonged to the Waterson and Pray purchase 
and the remainder was granted by Massachusetts to Camden to aid that town to bridge Duck Trap- 
Stream. The tract was originally known as Township No. 6, range 4, north of Bingham's purchase,, 
and was organized as McCrillis Plantation, July 4, 1859. At that time it was entirely wild land 
covered by a dense forest, the first recorded settlement not being made until 1864. March 28, 1866,. 
it was re-organized as Independence Plantation and so remained until February, 1873, when it was 
incorporated as a town and named in honor of R. S. Kingman, of the firm of Shaw & Kingman who- 
established the great tannery which has done and is doing so much to develop the town. Some idea 
of the magnitude and rapidity of this development may be gained from the fact that from 1870 to 1880 
(during which decade the tannery was established) the population of the plantation increased from 
183 to 546 ; the number of polls from 16 to 165, and the valuation of estates from 130,677.00 to $75,- 
455.00. The 1890 census gives the town a population of 671 and an estate valuation of $126,154.00. 
Kingman is located in the east part of Penobscot county, 66 miles north-northeast of Bangor, on the 
Maine Central Railroad. It is bounded on the north by Macwahoc, in Aroostook county, on the east by 
Drew, on the south by Webster Plantation and on the west by Mattawamkeag. The township is con- 
siderably smaller than the average, for although it is of standard length — six miles — it is not quite 
four miles in breadth, its area being but a little more than 23 square miles instead of the 36 square 
miles which constitute a regularly surveyed township. The Mattawamkeag River flows across the town 
from east to west, passing along the south front of Kingman Village and receiving various iributariea 
from the north and south before it leaves the town. The most important of these is the Molunkus 
Stream, which enters from Macwahoc at the northwest corner of Kingman, makes a slight curve which 
crosses and re-crosses the Mattawamkeag line, and then the course of the stream is straight and 
broad to its point of junction with the Mattawamkeag River, half a mile before it leaves the town. 
The Maine Central Railroad runs along near the north bank of this river in crossing Kingman, and the 
only regular station in town is at Kingman Village, which lies a little to the west and south of the 
centre of the township. 


Several roads extend from the village, notably one following along the course of Molunkus 
-Stream up into Macwahoc, for on the east side of this road the bulk of Kingman's population, exclu- 
sive of that at the village, is located, and a daily stage line is run from Macwahoc, Kingman village 
being the terminus of the route. The village has a long and narrow site along the north bank of the 
Mattawamkeag and contains not only the great majoritj' of the population of the town but also its 
factories, stores, etc., Kingman village being really the town of Kingman to all intents and purposes. 
The great tannery turns out an enormous amount of sole leather annually, and the other products of 
the town include long and short lumber, harnesses, smith work, etc. There are several well stocked 
and ably managed stores, a hotel and other establishments for the accommodation of the public, and 
the educational facilities are very good considering the resources of the community and the attending 
conditions. The local associations include a society of the Independent Order of Good Templars, a 
juvenile branch of the same organization, and a lodge of the Ancient Order of United Workmen. The 
growth of Kingman is steady and sure although it seems slow in comparison to the development from 
1870 to 1880, when the town far outstripped all others in the county in this respect, its population 
increasing more than three hundred per cent. But a marked increase in valuation is an even surer 
indication of prosperity than is an increase of population, and the fact that Kingman's estate valuation 
increased from $75,455.00 to |12fi,154.00 during the ten years from 1880 to 1890 shows that the town 
is making substantial progress and holds a prominent position among Maine's prosperous communities. 

Representative Business Men Of Kingman. 



Cedar Shingles, Clapboards, Lath, Etc. 

;milr@ad ^i^m m Sp©©imlt^, 

TSJI.lSiC3r:Si/LA^TSi, M-A.IPsr3E3. 




L. B. CLARK & CO., manufacturers " King- 
man Hemlock Sole Leather Tannage," and dealers in 
Oeneral Merchandise, Kingman, Me. — One of the largest 
shoe manufacturers of Massichusetts said in a recent inter- 
view " No skins in the country furnish finer, more durable or 
more desirable sole stock than do those from the State of 
Maine." and those familiar with the reputation of the 
" Kingman Hemlock Sole Leather Tannage " need not be 
told that this town produces sole leather equal to any in 
the State and consequently unsurpassed by any produced 
in any section of the country. The tannery to whirh we 
have reference has a capacity of 3,000 hides per week and 
the industry is of the very first importance not only to 
this town but to all the region roundabout. The plant of 
■machinery is of the most improved type and includes an 

engine of eighty horse-power. Employment is given to 
seventy-five experienced assistants and every process inci- 
dental to production is carefully supervised, no pains 
being spared to maintain the high reputation the " King- 
man Hemlock Sole Leather Tannage," has for uniform 
and unsurpassed excellence. The business is carried on 
by Messrs. L. B. Clark & Co., who succeeded Messrs. P. 
S. Shaw & Brothers in 1885. The partners are Messrs. 
L. B. Clark and W. D. Shaw. The firm are very heavy 
dealers in general merchandise and carry an immense 
stock requiring the use of spacious storehouses as well as 
the occupancy of a warehouse containing two floors 
measuring 2.5x12.5 feet each We need hardly add that 
the concern are In a position to quote bottom prices on 
goods of warranted quality, and to fill orders promptly. 

B. F. OSGOOD, General Merchandise, King- 
man, Me. — The more fully the establishment carried on 
by Mr. B. F. Osgood is investigated the more apparent 
does its popularity become and when the store is visited, 
the stock examined and the prices obtained, the investi- 
gator is obliged to confess that the popularity of the estab- 
lishtnent is thoroughly well deserved and that the residents 
of Kingman and vicinity know a good thing when they 
see it. This business was at one time conducted by Mr. 
W. S. Smith, who was succeeded by Mr. B. F. Osgood, 
jr., in 1887, the present owner assuming control in 1890. 
Mr. Osgood carries a very carefully chosen stock of gro- 
ceries, dry goods, boots and shoes, clothing and other 
standard commodities, and guarantees every article he 
sells to prove just as represented. He caters expressly to 
family trade, depends upon regular and not on transient 
customers and so does his best to thoroughly satisfy every 
patron ; and as we have before stated he succeeds so well 
in doing so that the enterprise with which he is identified 
is one of the most popular in this vicinity. 

MRS. E. TRASK, Millinery and Fancy Goods, 
Books, Papers, etc., Kingman, Me. — The popularity of 
any store is of course dependent to a great extent upon the 
character of the stock carried, but this is particularly the 
•case with a millinery store, for the very best management 
in other respects will be of no avail unless the goods in 
stock include late fashionable novelties and are so fre- 
<inently renewed as always to be fresh and attractive. 
Mrs. E. Trask is well aware of this fact, if we may judge 

from the frequency with which her stock is renewed and 
the care with which it is chosen, at all events her assort- 
ment of millinery and fancy goods is always very attrac- 
tive, and an "opening" at her store is always of great 
interest to the ladies of this vicinity. She deals in books, 
newspapers, etc., as well as in millinery and fancy goods, 
and this department of her business is of considerable 
importance and is steadily gaining in patronage. Mrs. 
Trask has been in businesshere about six years and has built 
up quite a large trade, but sufficient assistance is employed 
to ensure the prompt and careful filling of every order. 

MRS. E. G. LEAVITT, General Merchandise, 
Kingman, Me. — There are very many "general stores" in 
this State, and the majority ot them are well stocked, but 
few so thoroughly deserve the name of "general store," 
as does that conducted by Mrs. E. 6. Leavitt, for few can 
show so large an assortment of goods, as our readers will 
agree when they learn that among the more important 
articles dealt in by Mrs. Leavitt are groceries, dry and 
fancy goods, boots and shoes, tinware, wall paper, win- 
dow shades, jewelry, canned goods, meats and fish, and 
millinery goods, a specialty being made of fine millinery 
work to order. Spacious premises are occupied and the 
stock is constantly being renewed, so that it is always 
complete in every department and includes the latest and 
most popular novelties. The business was founded io 
1870, l)y Mr. Almon Leavitt. and has been carried on by 
Mrs. Leavitt since 1880. It is very efficiently managed, 
and sufficient assistance is employed to ensure prompt and 
careful attention to every customer. 



Eeles, J. E 81 

Fisher, W. H 37 

Eoberts, C. B 38 


Aroostnok Trust & Banking Co 34 

First Kational Bank. Ttie 18 

Houlton Savings Bank.. 18 

Presque Isle National Bank, The 53 

Boots and Shoes* 

Lane, G. W 23 

Tenney, C. P 16 

Verplast, Fred 16 

Wingate, J. H 25 

Books, Stationery and Fancy Goods. 

Cook, Frank L 27 

Excelsior News Depot 23 

Paul, A. C 65 

Kunnals, L. P. Miss 39 

Carriage Mfrs. 

Berry, H. 19 

Bolster, F. C 60 

Hilt, J. G. & Son 54 

Moody, D. M 40 

Sargent. J. H 71 

Taber, Silas W 20 

Weyman, S. H. (Wheelwright) 52 

Wheeler, L. 1 53 

Crockery and Glassvrare. 

Goodhue, F 50 

Jones, H. E 36 

Raymond Co., The 27 


Millar, John A 23 

Stetson, G 77 

White Cousins 71 


Danforth Drug Store 70 

French. O. F 21 

Fort Fairfield Drug Store 61 

Hatheway, H. J 17 

Pushor, E. H i 40 

Scates & Co 53 

Thayer, H.B 49 

Tupper. P. II 76 

Winn Drug Store 80 

White, S. L.... 37 


Barker, Dr.. 35 

Greene, H. A 19 

Small, C. P 77 

Dry and Fancy Goods. 

Bradman, J. A. Mrs 80 

Bartlctt. G. E. & Co 61 

Clark, B.C. Mrs 76 

Frisbie. H. T 24 

French Brothers 60 

Haynes, C. A. Mrs 84 

Judd, L. S. & Son 49 

Morse, A. D. Mrs 72 

Nickerson, W. A 22 

People's Cash Store, The 47 

Pipes, W. R 63 

Richards. G. W. & Co 19 

Tenney, Chas. P 16 

Flonr, Grain and Fee<l. 

Bubar. George 71 

Haines. W. A 62 

HockenhuU. Alfred A 62 

Merritt, E. & Son 17 

McGill Brothers 61 

Smith, Hiram & Co 28 

Furniture and Carpets. 

Cntts & Scates Furniture Co 65 

Glidden, B. B 60 

Hill, I. M. & CO 21 

Johnson, D E 38 

Powers, S. H 26 

Fruit and Confectionery. 

Lowney, N. M.Mrs 41 

Martin, N. H 62 

General I>lercliandise. 

Cary, A. C 6» 

Clark, J. A 36 

Estes, J. E. & P. C 80 

Ellis, W. S 70 

Ervin, T. N 47 

Greenwood, P. A 84 

Gillin Brothers 25 

Grimes, B. P 37 

Hacker, J. P 64 

Irving ifc Ricker 35 

Johnson. N. W 38 

Jarvis. Henry ._ 81 

Lufkin & Holmes 39 

Lane & Pearce 26 

Leavitt, E. G. Mrs 87 

Libbey, W. H 83 

Lee. A.J 81 

Newhouse, 20 

Osgood, B. P 87 

Pinkham, Meader B 75 

Putnam, H. H 72 

Kunnells, B. F 70 

Smith, G. W 84 

Small, W. &Co.... 60 

Taylor, Samuel & Son 37 

Groceries and ProTisions. 

Barker. Fred 51 

Bradbury, n. C 26 

Bradbury, T. M. & J 24 

Cook, G. A 53 

Cox & Graves 54 

Prisbie, Fred. P 24 

Gould. I. W 28 

Goodhue, H. N 65 

Hopkins Brothers 60 

Hone Brothers 49 

Hayden. H. G. & Co 39 

Hanson & Piltz 38 

James, F. A. & Co 83 

Kimball, S. L 77 

Knight. H 61 

Leonard. H. L. & F. A 47 

Millar, John A. (wholesale) 22 

Monahan Bros 26 

Monson L. & Son 28 

Michaud, Ramain - 53 

Stratton. G. F. & Co 84 

Somerville, W. G 19 

Smith. M. C 50 

Thurlough & Richards 60 

Woodbury, E. & Co 15 

Wilson. 0. II 23 

Hardware, Faints and Oils. 

Cutis, C. D 65 

Fogg, Almon H. & Co 20 

Hall, Jos. S 63 

Spauldiug. W. C 34 

Hotels and Restaurants. 

Burnham, J. E 23 

Collins House 64 

E.xchange, The 70 

InternetionBl House... v 84 

Kaiahdin House 79 

Lincoln House 76 

Phair Hotel 51 

Snell House... 24 

Vaughan House 41 

Venaome Hotel 71 

Harness Mfrs. 

Akerstrom. J. A 35 

Kirkpatrick, S. W 72 

Lord. S. P 62 

Royal, J. J 17 


Grev, James B.- 63 

Taber, A. P. M 21 


Bradford, Gentle & Ludwig 15 

Donnell, W. C 27 

Perry. H. 66 

Runnels, C. M 35 


Blackwell, H. H 80 

Carlton, George -. 73 

Fowler. C. H 23 

Goodhne. I. W 59 

Jensen. C 36 

Osgood. J. K 24 

Piper, Harrison 77 

White, E. B 16 

' liuniber Dealers. 

Collins. S. W. & Son 34 

Dearborn, A. B 62 

Grant, Wilber . gS 

Gould, A. R .V. 52 

Hathorn. Foss & Co 6^ 

Haines. W. A 11111111"" 62 

Lowe, J. R '.'.'.'.'.... IS^ 

Merritt, E. & Sons 17 

Phair. T. H I""I11" 4»- 

Weatherbee, John A. & Co I 69* 

Leather Mfrs. 

Clark, L. B. & Co 87 

Poor. Henry & Son 79 

Livery Stables. 

Clough, L. T 16- 

Cochran. Isaac 3T 

Dorsey, E. J '_'_'.'_ 66- 

James, P. A. & Co 83 

Redman, H. C 5+ 

Aroostook Homespurn Yarns (W. H. Esty).. 20 
Qetchell, J. S. & Son (iron and woodwork). 3* 

Houlton Foundry & Machine Shop IS 

Keaton, M. M. idoors, sash, etc,) 2& 

Roberts, Joseph I. (planing mill) 61 

Robbins, Joseph B. (barrels) 63^ 


Amazeen. S. D. (barber) 1(>. 

Bryant, L. C. (5 and 10 cents goods) 2* 

Champion. D. P. (electrician) 21 

Esmond, H. P. (pliysician) 23 

Honllon Marble Works HT 

Houlton Steam Laundry & Dye Honse 25> 

Maitanawcook Normal Academy 75 

Wight, A. E. (real estate) 54 

York. A. M. (agricultural tools) 3.'> 

Smith, W. II. (printer).. IS- 

Stoves, Ranges and Plnmbing. 

Cary, L. K. & Co 64 

Smith. A. M. & Co 47 

Smith Bros 1* 

Stinchfield & Pifleld 71 

Weatherbee, E. A 76- 

- Millinery and Fancy Goods. 

Bartlftt, R. A. Mrs 40 

Bradman, Mrs, J. A 80- 

Clark. E. C.Mrs 76- 

Haynes. C. A. Mrs 84 

Howard, H. A, Mrs 70 

Ireland, A. L. Mrs 3S 

Jordan & Averill 75 

Smith & Barto 50' 

Trask.E. Mrs 8T 

Morse. A. D. Mrs 72 

Private Schools. 

Ricker Classical Institute 20 

St. John School 48 

Shingle Manufacturers. 

Douglas. E. E 3» 

Howe, Amasa 6.^ 

Holmes, Albee 40 

Robinson, Wm 36 

Wilson, John & Son 51 

Tailors and Clothiers. 

Bovlc, John ^ 25- 

Littlefleld & Co 36 

McClain, A. Jr 6» 

McNelly * McLellan 38 

Presque Isle Clothing Co 60 

Slocomb, W. W. &Co 64 

Williams. J. B 62 

Ross. C. P 2» 

Verplast. Fred 16- 

Stetson, G... 77 

Winter, Thos 65- 


Carll, C. J 80 

Earle. A. M 6» 

Hill. I. M. & Co 21 

Glidden, B. B 50 

Johnson, D. E 3& 

Porter & Mills 7T, 

Powers, S. H Sft 


Bryson, John 2Z 

Merrill. Guy W.... 81 

Soule, A. N 4» 

Smith. P. S 40 

Wallace, J. H 6»