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lir'llimil'im'ilMTilCi^UBLIC LIBRARY 

3 1833 01432 3759 







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In the following pages are presented a series of extracts from tlie Court 
Rolls of the Manors of Bovilles and Pigotts iu Anlleigh, Essex County, 
England, compiled by Rev. Reginald H. Grublje. the Vicar of Ardleigh ; 
a list of entries of the name of Stone oa the Parish Registers of Ardleigh, 
Little Bromley and Wyvenhoe, in Essex ; and a copy of the will of WU- 
liam Stone of Much Bromley, i. e. Great Bromley, dated Dec. 9, 1533. 
Mr. Grubbe has also kindly furnished some interesting notes on au estate 
called Barrons in the Parish of Ardleigh, which was once in the posses- 
sion of the Stone Family, and some memoranda relating to the Stones of 
Colchester, Esses Co. The Little Bromley, Wyvenhoe and Colchester 
items are included because those places are all in the immediate vicinity of 
Great Bromley and Ardleigh. All this material was gathered by Miss 
Agnes "W. Lmcoln, our Corresponding Secretary, during a recent visit to 

For the information of those not familiar with the English ancestry of 
the Stones of this country who first settled in Watertown and Cambridge, 
Mass., it should be stated that Simon Stone of Watertown and Gregory 
Stone of Cambridge, the original Emigrants, were born in Much Bromley, 
now Great Bromley, Essex County, England, and their ancestry has been 
traced beyond reasonable doubt to Symond^ Stone of j.Iuch Bromley who 
died in 1510. Symond'- Stone of ^luch Bromley owned a property called 
"AValles," situated in Ardleigh, which he bequeathed to his second ^on, 
Walter^ Stone. Ardleigh and Great Bromleigh are adjoining parishes and 
their churches are only three miles apart. There can be no doubt that the 
Stones mentioned in the Court Rolls of Ardleiyh are of the same family 
from which Simon and Gregory the Emigrants descended. 

The will of William Stone of Much Bromley here given is interesting, 
as confirming to a certain extent the theory of SVm. E. Stone, in his pam- 
phlet on the '• English Ancestry of Simon and Gregory Stone." that tliey 
(Simon and Gregory) were descended from Symou(P Stone through the 
eldest son, DaviiP Stone.* Symond^ Stone, of 3Iuch Bromley, iu his will 
dated May 12, 1506, and probated Feb. 10, 1510, names four sons : David,'^ 
to whom he left " my tenement called Godewyns," in Much Bromley; 
Walter,- to whom he left " my tenement in Anlleigh called Wallcs '" ; My- 
hyll,^ [i. e. Miles) ; and William,^ Avhom I suppose to be the William 
Stone of Much Bromley of this will. As Walter- Stone inherited an 
estate in Ardleigh. his sons, if he had any, would naturally he residents of 
Ardleigh rather than of Great Bromley. Of Mihyll,^ the third son, not 
the slightest further mention has yet been found, either in the Essex wills 

•The line of descent is supposed to be Symond' Stone of Much Bromley, David' 
8tone of Much Bromley, SymomP Stone of 5luch Bromley, Daviil* Stone of Much 
Bromley, SimonS and Gre^'ory* Stone the Emigrants. 

or in the Parish Registers that have thus far been examined, and it is quite 
probable that he died unmarried. William'- Stone, the younirest son. as 
we learn from this will, had only one son, who was also named William.' 
It seems fair therefore to assume that Symond^ Stone of Much Bromlev. 
who is known to be the father of Dayid^ Scone who was the father of Si- 
mon* and Gregory-^ Stone, the Emigrants, was the sou of Symond^ Stone'3 
eldest son, Dayid.- 

The grateful thanks of the Association are due to Rev. Reginald H. 
Grubbe, the Vicar of Ardleigh, to Rey. Arthur P2. Graham, theRector of 
Great Bromley, and to Rey. Alfred D, Cope, the Rector of Little Brom- 
ley for their courtesy and kindness in furnishing information from the 
records in their possession. 

Note by the Courespoxdin-g Secretary, 

Since our President in his foreword aboye has credited me with gath- 
ering the material for this pamphlet, I wish, besides emphasizing our 
thanks to each of the clergymen aboye-uamed, who have all interested 
themselves most cordially in us and our researches, as all members of the 
Associatiou who have visited our old home will testify — besides this, I wish 
to place the especial credit for the unique material of the Manor Rolls in 
this pamphlet where it belongs, viz., to the historical research as well as 
the thoughtful kindness of the Vicar of Ardleigh. Being on a pilorimawe 
to Great Bromley in 1903, I called at Ardleigh on Mr. Grubbe in search 
of Ardleigh Parish Records and Walter Stone's " tenement called Walles " 
in the Ardleigh of loOC. Mr. Grubbe was then indexing the old records, 
and readily promised to send me all the Stone entries he could find. (The 
Stowes were iucluded at my request, because the names looked so very 
much alike in the old writing.) Not only did Mr. Grubbe promptly send 
the Vital Records (refusing recompense), but when more than a year later, 
in copying the Manor Rolls (a work due to his interest in preserving local 
records), when he there came across several mentions of early -'Stones;," 
he remembered our interest and sent me the careful '' 2sote's about the 
family of Stone" here printed. In later correspondence came the notes 
about '-Barrous" and on Mr. Wm. E. Stone's -English Ancestrv." 
When I was again in England, in July, 190G, Mr. Grubbe took me to the 
supposed site of " Barrons " and to see Rev. Mr. Cope, who gave me the 
Little Bromley data. 3Ir. Cope told me of the raising of the stars and 
stripes on the Great Bromley church tower while the Stone Association 
window there, in memory of Gregory and Simon Stone, was beincr dedi- 
cated in 190L 

The Manor Rolls are still the private property of the Lord of the 
Manor, and except for such effort as this of Mr. Grubbe would not come 
within the reach of genealogist or antiquarian. These Manor Rolls date 
back to 1360. They do not, of course, show the relationship of father to 
son, but such mention as they do make is authoritative, and antedates the 
Church records still preserved by nearly two hundred years, and the 
earliest Stone will we have found by nearly a hundred years. 

On p. 20 I have condensed some notes concerning the ownership of the 
Manors from a pamphlet on Ardleigh by Mr. Grubbe. 

Medford, Mass., Xov., 1907. ' Agxes W. Lixcolx. 


Bv Rev. E. II. Grvbbe, Vicar of Ardleigh. 

The following information is gathered from the Court Rolls of the 3Ia- 
nors of Bovills and Pigotts in Ardleigh. The originals were kindly lent 
me by the late C'harringtou Nicholl, Lord of the Manor of Bovills in Ard- 
leigh, and I copied out many of them myself an<l had others — the more 
illegible ones — copied and bound by a professional archaeologist. 

The hrst mention is: 

1416 (S Henry V) At a Court Baron held at Bovills on the day of 
Mars next after the Festival of the Holy Trhutv: 

"Itiquisicio ex of^.cio capta et jurata per sacrainentum Wellehiil Meller, Jo- 
haunis Eccle. Thome Baker, Johannis Huiitte senioris, Jotiaimis Ilimtte atte 
Wode, Willelmi Burstalle, Wilhlmi atte Stone. Willelmi Xevarcl et Johannis 
Clerk, qui dicuut super sacrainentum suura quod Tenentes^Jd terre et tene- 
menti de Gunnotekintl, Tenentes^JJ terre et teuementi de PavnesLaud uuper 
Walter! Badele, Willelmus"J^ Stansor, Robertas Robvn^J'^ pro'uua roda t.n-re 
apud le Cherche, Johanues''J^ Huutte atte .Mer=.h, Kobertus Xee'^-i . . . . , Jo- 
hannes^'i Brook et tenentes'-JJ terre et teuementi quondam Willelmi Robvn 'sunt 
sectatores Curie et faciuut defaltam Ideo ic." 

rr(7;!s/a<io«.—" Inquisition taken according to office aud sworn on the oath 
of Wdliam Meller. Johu Eccle. Thomas Baker, Johu Hunt the elder, John 
Hunt atte Wood, William Bwrstall, William atte Stone, William >:cvard aud 
John Clerk, who say on their oath that the Tenants of the land and teueuicut 
of Gunuotelaud, the Tenants of the laud and tenement of Pavnesland (lately 
belonging to Walter Badley), William Stansor. Robert Robvu for oue rood of 
land at the Church, Johu Hunt at the Marsh, Robert Nee ."..., John Brook 
and the tenants of the laud and tenement formerly of William Robvu are Suit- 
ors of this Court [owe suit to this Court] and make default. Therefore, ic." 

The above men ought to have been present at this Court Baron. They 
are fined the sums of money written over their respective names. 

No doubt William at the Stone is an ancestor of the Stone familv and 
6hows the derivation of the m\nie. There is no remarkable stone iu' Ard- 
leigh from which the name could be taken. Probably it would be some 
stone laid down as a landmark. 

The Badleys here mentioned were an old familv in Ardlei^^h who have 
given their name to BaiUey Hall. " ° 

The Hunts were a large family at this time. Thev are designated Hunt, 
Hunt at the Wood, Hunt at the Marsh. Over the beautiful Church Porch 
of Artlleigh in the flint work we read : 

" Orate : p' animabus Johis Hute : at ye Wode et Alicie : uxoris eius, 
Johis Hute: Willi: Hate." 

" Pray for the souls of .John Hunt at the Wood and Alice his wife— of 
John Hunt, William Himt." 

Probably the Hunt family built the Porch, which is said to date from 
about 1-160. 

1417 (4 Henry V). " Inquisicio ex officio capta et jurata per sacramentnm 
Johanuis Gile, Willelini Bur.-talle, Wi'ltcri atte ."^tone, JohannLs Clerk, Johannis 
Huiitte alte :\Iei-sli, Willt-lmi Iluiitte, Thome Iluutte, Gilbcrti Huiitte, Thcjme 
Baker, Koberti Kykke. Willelini Raulyn, Johaiiuis Huutte atte Wotle. Walter! 
TVliytyiiLr, ct Rieardi Meller, (jui dicuiit [ler satramentura smiin quod Gilbertus 
Dedliam ocjiipavit torrani '"t teiit-inouta cum pertineuciis vocata le E^thous in 
villa de Dedham post mortem Willelmi Dedli:nii patris sui. que dimisit Willelmo 
Sturtou ad tirmam pro xxxiij S. iijd ut iiiteUiijiint quos idem Willelmns solva- 
bat dicto Gilberto antetjuam exivit ultra mare cum domino ReLre, et ibidem ultra 
mare obiit seisitus de predictis terris et tenementis, et dicunt quod quidam Jo- 
hannes est tilius et heres propiuquior dicti Gilbert! patris sui et etatis quatuor 
decim anuorum, quern preceptum est cum predictis terris et teueuieutis cum 
pertineuciis in custodiam seisire, ic." 

Here mention is niade of "Walter atte Stone." He and others say on 
their oath that Gilbert Dedham occupied kuul and tenements with ap- 
pertinences called the East House in the viHage of Dedham after the 
death of William Dedham his father, — which lauds, &c., he [demised or 
let] to William Sturton at a rent of oo shillings and i pence as they 
understand. AVhich money the same William payed to the said Gill)ert be- 
fore lie went beyond the sea with the lord king and there died beyond the 
sea, seised of the aforesaid lands and tenements, and they say that a certain 
John is sou and next heir of the said Gilbert his father and of the ag^ of 1-i 
years, whom it is [now] ordered to take into custody [ i. e. under guarclianship 
being under age] with the aforesaid lauds and tenements with apperti- 
nences &c. 

There is still a house in Dedham called the East House. 

The reference to Henry Vs war in France is interesting. Perhaps 
Gilbert Dedham died at Agiucourt on Oct. 25, 1415, 

1465 (4th FAw. IV). In a Court roll of this year reference is made to 
laud called '• Stoneland." This may take its name from being a stoney 
piece — or being near the Stoue, from which perhaps the Family took its 
name, — or from the Family itself. There are a large number of names of 
pieces of land given in the Court Iiolls, and certainly most of the names 
are derived from their owners. It is not improbable therefore that the throe 
fields called Stoneland, were fields which at one time belonged to a man 
named Stoue. 

"Ad banc Curiam doraini per eorum scnoscalluni tradiderunt et ad tlrmara 
dimiseruut Roberto Raude tres campos terre vocatos stone land, parcellam de 
Bovylys. Tenendum sibi et assiirnatis suis a Festo saucti Micliaelis archangel! 
proximo futuro post datum preseucium usque ad tinem et termiuum xx" an- 
norum extunc proxime sequeucium et plenarie completorum, &c." 

Translation. '' At this Court the lords [of the Manor] through their Steward 
handed over and let at a rent to Robert Rando three fields of laud called Stone- 
land, a parcel of Bovills:— to hold for him self and hi.s assignees from the 
festival of the Holy Archangel Michael next coming after the present date up 
to the end and terminus of 20 years then following and fully completed, &c." 

1478 (1 7th Edw. IV). One of the duties of the *' Homage " — or jury 
or assessors of a Court Baron was to present offenders. At the court 
Baron held this year we read — 

" Et presentant quod Johannes Newman'1'^ de Ardley husboudman, et Jo- 
hannes Stone de Ardeley. wever, sunt communes venatores in warrenna domini 
capiendo phasauos ibidem sine liceucia. Ideo in misericordia, &c." 

Translation. " .\nd they (the llomatre) present that Johu Newman" of Ard- 
ley, husbandman and John Stone of .\rdfley. Weaver, are common hunters 
[C. e. hunters on the common] in the Lord's warreu by taking pheasants there 
without licence. Therefore they are flued, ^c." [in misericordia]. 

From this wo learn that John Stone of that date was both a "Weaver 
and a poacher. John Newman was lined Gd. but we are not tohl how 
much John Stone had to pay. 

I imagine every place had its Weavers in those days. In the next cen- 
tury however Dedham became a great place for the manufacture of Bays 
and Says, two kinds of woolen cloth. This was chiefly due to the arrival 
of foreigners from the Low countries who fled from the persecution of 
Philip II and Alva. 

1488 (3rd Henry VII). In the list of the Homage (or jurymen) sworn 
at a Court in this year occurs the name of " "Walter Stone." 

To this court, we are told, came Walter Stone to do fealty to the Lord 
of the Manor for two crofts and a garden which he had lately inherited 
from his father. Unfortunately the name of the father is illegible. 

" Ad banc Cnriam veuit "Walterus Stone, et fecit doraino fidelitatem pro 
duobus croftis et uno ^ardino adjacent! vocatis Barons libere per carcam, que 
nuper fuit patris sui." 

Translation. "To this Court came Walter Stone and did fealty to the Lord 
for two crofts and one ijardeu adjaceut called Barons [held] freely by copy 
[of court roll] which lately was [held by ] his father." 

The name "Barons," I believe still is attached to this piece of land. It 
occurs constantly through all the court rolls down to modern times. I 
have not yet located it, but if I can presently do so and there is any land- 
mark to photograph, I shall hope to photograph it. 

1492 (7th Henry VII). Among those sworn in at the Review of Frank 
Pledge this year was " Symond Stone." 

1501 (IGth Henry VIII). I read— 

"Essonia — "Willelraus Forde de communi per Johannem Cole: Simon Stone 
de communi per Willelraum Moys, &c." 

Essonia means "An excuse for not being present at a Court Baron." 
There are a list of Essouiatorts at almost every Court mentioned in these 
Rolls. I think the meaning here is that Simon Stone, one of the common- 
alty [de communi] sent his excuse to the court for not being present by 
Williams Moys. 

1523 (14th Henry VIII). In the list of the Homage of the Court Baron 
j and for the Review of Frank Pledge this year occurs the name " Walter 

I Stone." 

j 1524 (15th Henry VII.) The name Walter Stone occurs in the list of 

i the Homage. 

! Further we read — at the same court — 

Finis " Dominus per Senescallum suum concessit extra mauiis suas Waltcro Stone 
Jerraxijd unam croftam terre dorainicalis contiuetitem per estiinaciouem uiiam acram ot 

! dimidiam terre vocataui Barous, habendum sibi heredibus et assii^iiatis snis de 

I domino per virgara ail voluutatem domiiii secundum consuetudinem mauprii 

j per redditum annuatim vjd et sectam Curie. Qui fecit fluem et fidelitacira ut 

> patet, &c." 

I Translation of the above.—'' The Lord of the ^Lano^ through his Steward 

I granted out of his hands to Walter Stoue one cn>ft of the Lord's laud contain- 

1 ing by estimation one acre and a half of land called Barons, to hold for himst-lf, 

', his heirs and assiirnees, from the Lord by the rod at the will of tlie Lord ac- 

i cordini^ to the custom of the manor at a rent annually of Gd and suit of Court. 

\ Who [(. e. Walter Stone] paid the tine [of admisssion] and did fealty as lies 

j stated [in the margiu]," i.e. the xij d mentioned above. 

Here vre have the regular formula quoted some hundreds of times in 
these Court Rolls, by which a new owner was admitted to the ownership 
of any land or tenement within the domain of the Lord of the Manor. He 
was required to come to the Court and pay a fine and do fealty. The Lord 
— or more often his steward — touched him with a rod, — a little twi^', and 
thus investeil him with the right to own land within the domain. Now 
if Walter Stone, in 1488 — as we have seen — did fealty for this land 
called " Barous " and was admitted tenant, it is evident that this Walter 
Stone in 1524 was another Walter, — probably his son. certainly his heir. 
As the Court Roll for 1488 tells us of two generations holding this land, 
we may now see that three generations of Stones so far held il. The line 
mentioned in the margin is xijd. 

1514 (5th Henry YIII). In the list of the Homage at the Court, held 
on the 14th day of December this year, occurs the name "Walter Stone." 

1534 (25th Henry VIII). In the list of the " Essoniatores " — i. e. those 
who excused themselves from being present at a Court held on Au^-ust 19 
— comes the name "Walter Stone." 

1555-1556 (2nd and 3rd Philip and Mary). In the list of the Homage 
present at a Court held on the 28th of May, occurs the name Johannes 
Stone, which i.-, scratched through. 

1554 (1st of Queen !Mary). In the list of the Homage at a court held 
on April 12, occurs the name "Johannes Stone." 

1584 (26th Elizabeth). In the list of the Homage occurs the name 
" Ricardus Stone." 

Further I read at this Court — 

"Johannes Allyn, Thomas Parker, Johannes Stevyn, de Bromley, Ricardus 
Stone et Petrus Moysc attoraaverunt se teiientes domiui per solucionem uuins 
denarii per eorum singulos separatim solutos {sic) pro diversis terris et teue- 
mentis suis de isto manerio tcntis per liberam cartam." 

Translation. — "John Allyn, Thomas Parker, John Stevyn of Bromley, Pilch- 
ard Stone and Peter :Moyse made themselves tenants of the Lord by their at- 
torneys by the payment of one penny ■ through each one of them separately 
released (?)' for diverse lands and tenements held of this manor by free roil 
[j. e. copy of Court roll]." 

I cannot quite understand the above — but the drift of it is plain, that 
they went through the formality of being admitted tenants, either by 
themselves or through their attorneys, which latter method was not unfre- 

At the same Court we read — 

" Et quod Ricardus Stone perquisivit sibi et heredibus sais de Johanne Byrd 
de Colcestria unnm mesuagiuni et quatnordecim acras terre quondam Benjamin 
Clere, tenta de isto manerio per liberam cartam. Qui quidem Ricardus fecit 
domino iude fidelitatem." 

Translation of tJte above. — "And because Richard Stone purchased for him- 
self and heirs of John Byrd of Colchester one messuage and li acres of land 
formerly [bclontring to] Benjamin Clere, held of this manor by free roll. Which 
Richard indeed did fealty now to the Lord." 

1586 (28th Elizabeth). In the list of the Homage of the Court held 
on August 16 occurs the name Richard Stone. 

1589 (31st Elizabeth). In the list of the Homage of the Court held on 
August 4 appears the name Ricardus Stone. 

1599 (41 Queen Elizabeth). In the list of the Homage at a Court held 
on August 8 occurs the name Kichard Stone. 

[1.588. Digression. — "We may wonder whether Richard Stone was 
among the many Ardleigh men who went to Tilbury to join the army and 
navy on the famous occasion when Queen Elizabeth rode about among her 
troops, when the Spanish Armada was daily expected to arrive o±i" our 

At a Court held on August 5, 1588, there were only 3 men to form the 
Homage out of the usual number of 16 to 21. The Court Roll then goes 
on to say — 

" Et quod multi tenentes de isto manerio fecerunt defaltam ad hauc curiam, 
sed quia videtur homagio qnod sunt in servicio dicta domine Regine apud West 
Tylbnry in defeucioue regni Anglie contra Hispanos, Ideo defalte eorum par- 

Translati07i. " Aud because many tenants of this manor have made default 
at this Court, but because it seems to the Homage that they are in the service 
of the said Lady [our] Queen at West Tilbury in defence of the kingdom of 
England against tlie Spaniards, Therefore their defaults are pardoned." 

Richard Stone's name does not appear either in the small list of Homage nor 
iu any of the business done that day. He had no doubt goue to Tilbury.] 

160G (3 James I). In a list of the Homage of the Court held on Jan. 7 
of this year we find the name of " Richard Stone " iu the Homa<Te. 
1G07 (4 James I). At a Court held on Sept. 30 we read — 

" Ilomagiura presentant videlicet we do presente that Richard Stone hath 
sould his land called Xcwmans, holden of this manuor by the yerelie Kent of 
xxd and suite of courte nnto Xathauiell Heckford. ideo preceptum est Ballivo 
distringere predictum Xathauiell quod sit ad proximam Curiam ad faciendam 
fldelitatem sectam Curia; et solvendura Relevium doniino, &c." 

The Purchaser in this case had ignored the Court of the Lord of the 
Manor and had not done fealty. '•' Therefore order is given to the Bailiff 

to < y ". y the aforesaid Nathaniell that he may be at the next Court 

to make fealty, suit of Court and pay a Relief to the Lord." 

1608 (oth James I). In a Court Roll of this date— 

Xij'^. Et quod Xathauiell Heckford non venit ad banc Curiam ad faciendum 
domino Servicium debituui pro certis terris per prufatam Xathaniel duduia 
empttis de quodam Ricardo Stone, ideo idem Xathaniel iu misericordia xij^. 

And because X'athaniel Heckford has not come to this Court to do service to 
the Lord due for certain laiuls lately bought by the said Xatlianiel from a cer- 
tain Richard Stone, therefore the same Xathaniel is tiued xijd. 

Extracts made from the Old Court Rolls of Ardleigh, I^ssex, 
and commented on by me. 

Reginald H. Grcbbe, 
May, 1905. Vicar of Ardleigh. 


Xotes concerm'ng an estate called Barrons in Ardleigh, Essex. 
In the Court Rolls of the Manor of Bovills in Ardleigh, in the yecOr 
1361 (34: VAw. ill.), occurs the following entry: — 

" Preceptum est distringere Robertum Porter, Stepbaniim Parson, Galfridum 

Galfridus Baron dicit qnod nou fecit trausizressiouera in bruera sicut prre- 
dictum per vuluntatem suam et petit, oic. Et Inquisitio dicit quod depascit 
dictam bruerain volontarie, et Ideo in misericordia, &c." 

Translation.— '-It is ordered to distrain PiObert Porter, Stephen Parson, 
Geoflrey Baron. 


Geoffrey Baron says tliat he did not make trespass on the heath as aforesaid 
of his own will and" he set-ks, ^c. [presumably acquittal]. And the Enquiry 
says that lie does pasture [his cattle] on the said Heath of his own will, and 
therefore he is lined, ic." 

The fine seems to liave been Sd. This proves the existence of a family 
named Baron livin^ in Ardleigh in loGl. 

In the Court Rolls of 14^9 (37 Henry VI) we read — 

''Et ad hauc Curiam dominus per Seuescallum suura similiter tradidit et ad 
flrmam dimisit Galfrido Doryvall duas croftas terre cum alneto vocatas Bar- 
ouuysland et unam parcelhun terre de novo inclusam. parcellam cauipi vocati 
MotegoUefeld cum suis pertiueuciis absque iude facieudo [s('c]. Et licet eidem 
Galfrido sepes circa diclam terrara crescentes sesiouabiliter loppare et . . . 
heddare. Tenendum eidem Galfrido aut ejus certo Attoruato a Festo Sancti 
MicLaelis archangeli proximo luturo post datum preseucium usque ad fluera et 
terminum decern anuorum ex tunc proxime sequencium, ic. Reddendo inde 
domino vel heredibus suis decern et novem solidos lesalis monete ad pracdictos 
terminos equaliter, ic. Et dat de fine, &.c. Et fecit hdelitatem, &c." 

2'ranslation.—'' And at this Court the Lord [of the Manor] through his 
Steward iu like manner handed over and let oat to farm to Geoffrey Doryvall 
two cn)fts of laud with an alder grove called ' Baronnysland ' [i. e., Barou-his- 
land, Baron's land] and one parcel of land newly enclosed, a parcel of the lield 
called MotegoUefeld, with its pertinences [the" next 3 words make no sense]. 
And it is permitted to the same Gt_-offrey to -lop and head' iu-the-risht-season 
the hedges growing round the said land' To be held by the same Geoffrey or 
by a cer^taiu Attorney of his from the Festival of Saint Michael the Archangel 
next coming after tlie date of these presents until the end and terminus of ton 
years from thence foUowiug. ^c. [It is terrible Latin I] By paying renc to 
the Lord or his heirs ten^and nine shillings of legal money equally at the 
aforesaid terms, ic. Aud he gives for a tine, ic. And he does fealty, ic." 

The margin says that the fine (paid on entering into possession) was •' 1 
capo." 1 Think tliis means •• one chicken " ; but no Latin dictionary seems 
to give the word. 

The family of Baron liad evidently owned land and given their name to it. 

In 1483 (3 Henry VII) is the following entry in the Court Rolls— 

"Ad hanc Curiam venit Walterus Stone, et fecit domino fidelitatem pro 
duobiis croftis et uno gardino adjacenti vocatis Barons libera per cartam. que 
nupcr fuit patris sui. 

Ti-anslntAon.—-' To this Court came Walter Stone and did fealty to the Lord 
[of the Manor] for two crofts and one garden adjacent, called '■ Barons ' [held] 
freely by copy-of-court-roU, which lately was^ of his father." 


It is unfortunate that part of the oriijinal document is illegible here — 
but the plain inference is that Walter Stone had just come into the pos- 
session of the two crofts and garden called Barons — having inherited it 
from his Father. lie now comes to do the ordinary fealty and pay the 
fine that he may be established in his estate as a tenant of the Manor. 

1524 (15th Henry VIII). An extract from the list of the Homage for 
this year, uhich has already been given on page 7, shows that Walter 
Stone was still in possession of Barrens. 

In this extract the expression ''by the rod" (per virgam) is the tech- 
nical expression used for admitting a tenant. The Lord of the 3Ianor — 
or his steward — held in his hand a piece of stick and touched (I believe) 
the tenant with it on the shoulder. Probably the tenant knelt and put 
his hands between his Lord's hands. This is the usual way of doing feixlty, 
and is the ceremony still performed at Oxford and Cambridge when men 
take their degree. Tliey do fealty to the Vice-Chancellor. The '• suit of 
court " means, I think, that he is pledged to come to the Court when the 
Lord holds it, and is tiued when he does not come. 

Probaldy this "Walter Stone had just succeeded to this property, follow- 
ing the Walter Stone of 1488. Or it might be an additional bit of land 
is now being added. 

It seems possible that the Stone family owned " Barons " all these 
years. (See page 12.) 

The next three entries are dated 1514, 151(3 and 1520. They, therefore, 
should have come before the preceding one. The tirst two are of value 
as they give some indication of the locality of '* Barons." The entry of 
1514 speaks of a ditch called Barons; that of 1516 certainly refers to the 
same ditch, and is described as being near Barons. 

In the Court Roll of 1514 (5 Henry VIII) — 

" Preceptura e^t Willelmo Mo3'se emendarc et scarare xl perticatas fossati 
vocati Barons versus 3Iowstrett duceutis u-que Dunlionf;; broke, citra proxiinara 
Curiam sub pena xld." 

Translation.— '' Oi:i1gv is griven to William .Morse to mend and sconr out 40 
perclie.-^ of tiie ditch called • Barons' towards ' .Nlowstrat' leadinj^ ui) tu Duu- 
hom's brook, before the uext Court under penalty of 40 pence." 

In the Court Roll of 1510 (7 Henry VIII) — 

''Preceptuin est Willelmo MoysC^i scurare xl perticatos fossati juxta B;\/on3 
versus .Movj-tret •iuceutis usque Uownhams Hoke " 

Translation. — '• Order is given to William .Moyse to scour out 40 n-rche-i ot 
the ditch near Barons towards Movstreet, leadki? up to Downiia'iu'a tioka 
[? Brook]." 

Williau] Moyse was lined 20 pence for n<it havitiLj cleaaed the ditch ov.t. 

In 1520 (11 Henry VIII) occurs the following entry — 
"Ad hanc curiam venit Willelmus .Moysse et sursnm reddidit ia nianus 
domini ij Crofta torrae cum quodam alneto vocato Baronsland p[arcellam] 

manerii de Pycotts ad opus Kicardi Warrc et herednin siiornm 

sub condieione sokicioais uti unde xl s pre manil)us soUiti et xl s in Fe.-to Sancti 
Michat-lia ArchauLceli proximo lutiu'o Et in I'esto Sancti .Miciiaelis .Archaiii^elL 
extunc proximo sequuuti xxs. Et si deiiciat in soliicioue alicujn-i summe 
predicte iu parte aut in loto ad aliquod Feslum Festorum predictoVinn in quo 
solvi debeat, quod tunc bene licel)it praeuicto Will.'lriio in ilicto Cr.iito terra 
cum ceteris premisses reiutrare et in priscino statn suo po«:sidere, ista sursnm 
reditioue in aliquo uon obstante. El fecit finem et fldelitatem, iic" 


Translation. — " To this Court came William Moysse and surrendered into the 
Lord's bauds two crofts of land with a certain alder-srove called Barousland 

[part] of the Manor of risotts to the use of Richard Warre and 

his heirs on condition of the payment [two or three words hero make no 
meaning] of 40 shiUinL's in liand i)efore and 40 shillings on the Feast of Saint 
Michael the Archangel next coming, and on the Feast of Saint Michael the 
Archangel next following after that [another] 20 shillings. And if he fails in 
payment of any of the aforesaid sum in part or in whole on any Feast day of the 
aforementioned Feasts on which he ought to pay, that then it shall be lawful 
for the aforesaid William to re-enter on the aforesaid croft of land with the 
other premises and to possess it in its ancient condition, in spite of this sur- 
render. And he paid a flue and did fealty, ic." 

It looks rather as if tins '• two crofts and alder grove," called " Barous," 
was the same as that mentioned in 1450 and 1-183 ; and if so, the laud was 
not always in the hands of the Stone family. It is possible, however, that 
the "Baron's" estate included more than the two crofts and alder strove. 

In copying out the later Court Rolls I have extracted the substance 
without copying the exact words. Here is another note, dated 1772 — 

"The death of John Lugar was presented, who had held lands called 
'Barons.' His sou Edward Lugar now came, and was accepted Tenant." 

Here is another extract of my notes on the Court of 178-4 — 

"Edward Lugar has aliened and sold to James Vince of Ardley, yeoman, a 
messuage with barn and stable, and three crofts of laud — about 7 acres — called 
Barons. James Vince acknowledges the Tenure and pays the alienation Fine." 

I am convinced from these extracts, and especially the last one, that I 
can now locate " Barou>." It is a very tumble-down old farmhouse, 
known cfenerally as " Old Shields," and thus denominated on the Ordinance 

Map. The present freehold owner and occupier is ^'ince, who is 

the grandson of the James Vince who bought it of the Lugar family in 
1784. James Vince bought at least one other plot of land in Ardleigh ; 
but I am fairly certain that the little homestead now called " Old Shields " 
is the original Barons. The laml borders on a lane called *" .Morrits," 
"jMorrity," or -Morris" lane. This must be the "Mow-street" ot' 1514 
and the "Moy-street" of I51G. Further, I understand from the present 
Vince that the tield at the back of his house is still called '• ^Motegellfield," 
or something like it, as mentioned in the Court Roll of 1450. 

Dunhom's Brook I have not been able to identify. There is notoriously 
much less water in this neighborhood than there was GO or 70 years ago. 

The old house is much neglected by its present owner, who says he 
shall spend nothing on it and let it tumble. It might, I think, be a seven- 
teenth century house. There is a large old tireplace tilled up (if I re- 
member right) with a modern grate. 

The owner is a very shy man and dislikes visitors. 

This little estate is on the S.E. of Ardleigh parish, and very near to the 
borders of Great Bromley. It may be that the Stone property in Great 
Bromlev was somewhere near. 

In reading the pamphlet entitled " The English Ancestry of Simon and 
Gregory Stone," 1 am strvn^k with the fact that not a little information 
can be found out about the names mentioned in it. Evidently many of 
those mentioned were Ardleigh people. 


1. On page 1, meution is maile of Stephen Day. I find there was a 
Stephen Day, sou of John and Margaret, baptized at Ardleigh in 1631. 

2. On page 6, mention is made of "William Littlebury, whose will was 
dated 1.571. I feel sure this is the "William Littlebury mentioned eight 
times in the Court Kolls. He is mentioned in 154D (twice), 1-3.51, 1552 
(twice), 1553 (twice) and 1555. He lived at Burnt Heath, which is the 
point where Ardleigh borders on Great Bromley. He did fealty for a 
tenement called Rands. He was fined lid. on one occasion for not being 
present ; and 2*/- on another occasion for not having cleaned out a ditch as 
the Court had ordered. He was also elected to be " Bailiti of the 

3. On page 7, John Laveren's marriage with Mercy Stone is men- 
tioned (1581). In the Ardleigh Registers occur the following entries : — 

1593 George Lo%-eron, son of John and Mercy, baptised. 
1596 Mercy Loveron, daughter of John and Mercy, baptised. 
1600 John Louerou, ye elder, buried. 

Loveron or Loueron is a name occurring frequently in the earlv Court 
RoUs and Registers. There are so many " Johns "' that they confuse. 
Probably this is the John Loueron who was Church "\Varden at Ardleigh 
for several years and whose " mark " is made on every leaf of the Register 
for several years. There are 37 references to a ''John Loveron" in the 
Court Rolls, the first being in the year 1450, when one did fealty for a 
tenement called " Clerkys."' The death of a John Loueron is reported in 
1605, when his son John is stated to be his heir and successor, and accord- 
ingly does fealty. (The Loverings of New England come from this 
family.— W. E. S.) 

4. On page 9, mention is made of John Xewman. It occurs in a will 
"probated " in 1510. 

This may be identical with a .John Newman mentioned in the Court 
Rolls of Ardleigh in 1478, who together with John Stone (weaver) are 
fined for hunting pheasants. The name occurs again in 1496. when he is 
fined for not having cleaned out his ditch at Burnt Heath. Again, in 1505, 
he is ordered to clean out the same ditch. 

5. On pages 9 and 11, mention is made of a "tenement called Walles 
in Ardleigh." This tenement, no doubt, took its name from a familv of 
"Wall, who lived at Ardleigh in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. 
"Gilbert at Wall" is mentioned iu the Court Roll of 1370, and attain in 
1379. Constant reference to the family follows. The first reference to 
" "Wallysland " is in the Roll of 1418, when Robert "S'eyse is fined two 
pence for cutting off one branch of an oak tree growinsf on land called 
"TTallyslaud." In 1459, Johanna Wylegh, widow, and .John Pache, 
"chaundeler," surrendered a messuage and 30 acres of land, called "Wallys, 
to the use of John Baker of Bentley [and] Johanna "Wylegh, daughter' of 
the aforesaid Johanna and of "\Mlliam Wylegh, and their heirs. In 1478, 
"William "Wheler, senior, surrendered o^ut of court into the hands of the 
Lord of the Manor, through the hands ol' John Patch, Tiler, now present, 
and of John Patche, senior, and William Patche and other tenants of the 
Lord, who bear witness to it, — one messuage and 30 acres of land, with 
appertinences, called Wallys, to the use of "William Wheler, his son, and 
his heirs. 


_ lu 1519, the PTomage present that John Cole, latelv of Ardleidi. before 
his death, surrendered into the hands of the Lord, through his~bailiff, in 
the presence of Ht-ury Perepoynt and John Patche, tenants of the Lord, 
who bear witness, . . . one messuaire and 30 acres of land and 3 rooils 
of meadow, with appertinences, called Walles alias Harvey, ... to 
the use of John Cole, his son, of Dedham, 6cc. 

To the same Court came John Cole, Junior, son of the said John Cole, 
and did fealty for one tenement called " Ilyhouse " alias Walles with two 
crofts of land, &c. 

After this " TValles " and "Hyhouse" are not mentioned a^-aiu ; but 
"Hawies" is mentioned frequently — even as late as 1788. 

Eegls'ald H. Grubbe, 

Vicar of ArdJeigh. 

Entries of the name of Stone, or Stoic, in the Baptismal Registers of 
Ardleigh, Essex, up to the year ISOO. 

15 CO Tliomasiu Stone. 

1560 Ellen Stow, dau. of Thomas. 

15G2 Grace Stow, dau. of Thomas. 

1563 John Stone. 

1565 Ann, dau. of Thomas Stow. 

1567 Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Stow. 

1567 Thomas, son of Thomas Stow. 

1569 John Stow, s. of Thomas and Xarion. 

1574 Antony, s. of Thomas and INIarion. 

1595 George, s. of John and Margaret. 

1598 Elizabeth, d. of John and Margaret. 

1602 John Stow, s. of John. 

1612 Stephen Stow, s. of John. 

Entries of the name of Stone, or Stow, in the Marriage Registers of Ardleigh, 

Essex, to ISOo. 

1559 Thomas Stow married 3Iarian Fisher. 

1588 John Suowden " Mary Stowe. 

1589 Thomas Stowe " Frances Heckforde. 

1590 Eobert Hall " Grace Stow. 

1594 John Stow, Widower, " Margreat Brewster. 

1625 "Woodhousf Wrench " Elizabeth Stone. 

1635 Richard Stone " Susan Gery. 

1674 Nathaniel Stone* " Elizabeth Pettitt. 

1695 ditto* ditto 

1776 William Merchant, Bachelor, " Ann Stow, Spinster. 

1805 Sullin Stone, Bach., of Hatfield, Herts, and Elizabeth Cook, Spinster. 

*By some error in copying, a few marriages are entered identically in both these 

Entries of the name of Stone, or Stoic, in the Burial Registers of Ardleigh, 


1557 Roger Stow. 

1560 Alice Stone. ^i CrQ£*O0 ■« 

1561 Anuis Stowe. XOC7t>/C04i 

1562 Thomazin Stone. 

1566 Alice Stow. 

1567 ffayth Stone. 

1576 Thomas Stow, Senior, 

1580 Simon Stone, Bachelor. 

1588 Marian Stow, wife of Thomas. 

1591 Richard Stow, s. of William, 

1591 William Stone. 

1593 Thomas Stow, '"an ancient man." 

1593 An Stow, wife of John. 

1599 Francis Stone, servant. 

1605 ffrancis Stow, widow. 

1607 "Mother" Stone. 

1618 Elizabeth Stow, dau. of John. 

1632 John Stow, "an old Housholder." 

1637 John Stone, s. of John. 

r .'»i;cH:c 


Little Bromley Parish Register. 

Records begin — 1538. Burials. 
" " 1533. Baptisms. 

" " 1539. Marriages. 


1540 Johan Stoue daughter unto "William baptised the 16 daie of De- 
cember iu the said 32"'^ yere of King Ileury's reign. [The name 
Stone is not certain in this entry, a. w. l.] 

1544 Edmund Stone sonne unto George Stone the seventh day of April 
baptised in the said thirty-five vere of Kiiig Henry's reign A.D. 

1544 William Stone and Befsen . . se [this name very doubtful to de- 

cipher] Stone being twin children of [blank] baptised the 22 of 
July in the 36 year of King Henry the VI II 

1545 Margaret Stone daughter unto John, born in marriage by his wife, 

bapt. the G"^ day of March in the said 37 year of King Henry 

1546 Luke Stone sou unto George Stou baptized the 16 day October in 

the 38^*^ year of King Henry's reign Anno Dom. 1546 
1550 or 1551 Anne Stone daughter of John Stone bapt. the 13 day of 

May in the s*^ 4"^ year of King Eldward the Sixth 
1552 Catheryn Stone daughter of George Stone bapt. 19 day January in 

the said 6^^ year of King Edward's reign A.D. 1552 

1563 Awdry stoue daughter of Williaili Stone bapt the XIII day of 

Aprill in the said V year of Queen Elizabeth's reign. A.D. 1563 

1564 Barbara Stone daughter of AVilliara was bapt. the XXII day of 

October in said VI year of Queen Elizabeth's reign 
1568 Edeth Stone daughter of "William Stoue was baptised 19 September 
in 8*^ 10 year of Queen Elizabeth's reign 

The above entries were noted from the Little Bromley Parish Register 
(.July, 1906) by Agnes W. Lincoln largely at the dictation of the rector, 
Rev. Alfred D. Cope, with care as to names and dates, and with general 
intent to preserve the quaint phraseology and spelling; but owing to haste 
and lack of revision, the transcript is doubtless somewhat inexact in the 
latter respect. As a rule, abbreviations presumably made by A. "V\'. L. 
for speed have been extended in modern form, so that the older form is to 
be trusted where it occurs. Some names doubtful in the original are so 
noted as they occur. AVilliam in the last two entries seemed to be spt-lled 
Willian. The name Edeth was bliuilcst of all, but was later identified by 
Mr. Cope by comparison with its use elsewhere. 

The following entries from the Little Bromley Parish Register were 
copied less hastily later by the Rev. Alfred D. Cope and sent Miss Lin- 
coln. Unfortunately he omitted a more careful copy of the items already 
taken by her. 


Stone Baptisms in Little Bromley continued : — 

ffrancis stone was baptysed the x^ day of IMarch iu the sayd xix*^ yeare 

of the raigue of Queene Elizabeth anno dui 1576 
Henry Stone sonne of AVilliTi stone was baptysed the xiii"' day of november 

ill the said xxi*' yeare of the raigne of Queene Elizabeth anno dui 1579 
Robert stone sonne of Thorns stone of lytle Bentley was baptysed the 

xxviii"^ day of October in the xxiiii^'^ yeare of the raigne of Queene 

Elizabeth anno diii 15S2 

John Payne senior and ^Margaret Stone marryed the x\i^ day of Aprill 

in the sayd second year of King Edward the vi anno dni 1548 
George Stone wydower and Joan payne marryed the xvi* day of 3Iay 

[? 1550] 

"Willm Stone singlciuan marryed to E . . . Cowye the daughter of Robert 

Cowye the vii^'^ day of June in the ffowrth yeare of Queene Elizabeth's 

raigne anno diii 1562 
William stone and Joan ? Ecler marryed the ffirst day of October in the 

said xii''^ yeare of Queene Elizabeth's raigne anno diii 1570 
Willm Stone and Suzan IMarch marryed the vi*^^ day of february in the 

xvii'*^ yeare of Queene Elizabeth's raigne anno diii 1575 
William Mount of Much Bromley and Mary Stone of this parish, marryed 

togeather on the xxii"'^ day of October in the sayd xxvi^'' yeare of 

Queene Elizabeth's raig-ne, anno diii 1583 
Leonard Rolfe of this parish and ffrauncys stone of much bromley marryed 

the xv^^ day of december in the xxxii"'^ yeare of Queene Elizabeth's 

raigne, anno dhi 1589 
Peter Sallys of Much Bromley, singleman and Edeth Stone of lytel 

bromley, singlewoman, marryed by lycens of M^ Comissary of Essex 

the viii"^ day of february in the xli*"^ yeare of Queene P^lizabeth's raigne, 

anno dni 1598 
John Gy(?)rard and Barbara Stone marryed the xvii*'' day of January in 

the forty year of Queene Elizabeth's raigue anno diii 1597 


Edward Stone buryed the xii"^ day of december in the sayd xxxvi'^year 

of the raigne of King Henry the viii anno dni 154:4 
John Stone buryed the xxiiii"^ day of May in the sayd ffirst year of King 

Edward the vi"" raigne anno dni 1547 
Elizabeth Stone buryed the xxvii''' day of June in the sayd tfirst year of 

the raigne of King Edward the vi anno diii 1547 
John Stone buryed the third day of february in the second year of the 

raigu of King Edward the vi anno dni 1547 
William Stone buryed tlie xxix'^ day of October in the sayd third yeare of 

the raigne of King Edwanl the vi"^ anno drii 1549 
Alyes Stone wyf of georg stone buryed the xxiii'"'^ day of January in the 

sayd sixth yeare of King Edward the vi^^ raigne anno dni 1552 


Edward Stone sonne of Willm Stone was buryed the xi'^'' day of november 

in the said ffirst year of the raigne of Queen Mary, anno dui 1553 
Alyes Stone daughter of John Stone was buryed the xix'^ day of Aprill 

in the sayd third yeare of Queeue Elizabeth's raigne anno dui loGl 
Mary Stone daughter of John Stone was buryed the xiii^^ day of december 

in the sayd v"^ year of Queene Elizabeth's raigne anno diii 1562 
Penuel (?) Stone buryed the third day of July in the sayd xii"" yeare of 

the raigne of Queene Elizabeth, anno dhi 1570 
Jone Stone wydow buryed the xi'^ day of June in the sayd sv*^ yeare of 

the raigne of Queene Elizabeth anno diii 1573 
"William Stone buryed the sxvii'^' day of March in the xxiv'^ yeare of the 

raigne of Queene Elizabeth anuo dui 1582 
Joan Stone wyf of Jhn Stone was buryed the last day of June iu the sayd 

xxxiv'*^ yeare of Queene Elizabeth's raig-ne anno dni 1592 

Eev. Mr. Cope adds in his letter : " Do you know that about five or six 
miles from here [Little Bromley] there is a hamlet called Stone's Green 
in the parish oi Great Oakley? Xo doubt the rector, the Key. D. S. 
Ingram, could tell you something of its history." 

Wyvenhoe Registers. 

1595 Jone Stowe married Thomas Darrell. 
1650 'WUliam Stone " Eliz. I\Echell. 
The marriages from 162-4 to 1647 are missing. 

The following, from the Parish Register of Great Bromlev, Essex, is the 
record of baptism of Joan Clarke, theVife of Simon^ Stone, 'the Emigrant : 
Jone Clarke, dau. of William Clarke, bap. the 21'' of Mail, 1596. 



^r Extracted from the Principal Hegisfnj of the Prolate Divorce and Admiralty 

\ Division of the High Court of Justice. 

of t In the Archdeaconry of Colchester. 

\ Testm Willi Stone De bromlegh mag 

; IN THE NAME OF GOD A:\rEN the ix'^^ daye of Decerabre the yer of 
our lorde God m' v= xxxiijth— I WILLIA STONE of the Parishe of moche 

le , bromk\2g iu the Couutie of Essx husbaudraau syke in l)ody but hope in myude 

; thanks to Jhu make & ordey tliis my psent testamet & laste will in the man & 

forme foUowyng First I bequith my soule vuto almighti God to o^ blessed lady 

^Q ; saynt Mary >£ to all the holy copauy of hevyn and my body to be buried in the 
cli'urchyarde of moch bromlegh be forsaide Also I bequeath to the hie avrt of 

■ the forsaide church of bromlHih for my tithes forgoton xijd Also y do bequeth 
to the mother Church of PouUis iu loudon ijd Item y bequeth vnto eny one of 

'■^ my god childeru a larabe or els xviij in mony Item I bequeth to "Willia 

S. Mannyug of the same pish a dublet of bukke>kyue Item to John Stone of 
Wyly'ray best cote except one Item I will that all souch lands & tents with 

\ the appurteuncs whirhe I hane or herafter shall fortune to haue iu moche 

I bromlegg Ardlegh or clswher within Essix or other place that Jane my wiile 

[ shalhaue them asloug as she levys kepyng and ordry'w.g my childeru as thei 

I Bliulde be kepte And if it fortune that Jane my wiile depte oute of this pseut 

\ liff before Willia my sone come to laAvfuU age then I will that John Monte 

\ shalhaue the disposicou of all my saide lands & tents to the moste best pfith 

i to thentent to se the orderyng & kepyng of all my childeru vuto the tyme thei 

[ come to ther lawf uU age Also after the decese of Jane my wiff I will that my 

1 forsaude sone Willia Stone shalhaue all my lands i tents a boue named wt all 

i ther ptennce iu fee symple for eumore when he comyth to lawfuU age as is 

Q I aforesaide paying to eny one of his v susters xxvjs viijd thus to be paide first 

;' after his entest a twelve monyth he shall paye or cause to be paide to eny orie 

* • of his susters vjs viijd And euy yer next ensuyng to eny one of them vis 

■ viijd vnto the tyme that euy suster haue to her pte xxvjs viijd And if it 

; fortune any of Ids susters to depte before that her parte be diuided amongs 

i the saide Willia and his susters they being alive be equall porcons Prouided 

\ alwey that if the same Willia depte this worlde afore he come to lawfuU age 

I withoute issue of his body lawfully begoton that they my dought Elizabeth 

» shal have my tent called Masons lying in Ardlegh w' the space of vj yers At 

f her entryng xxs that tyme xij month aft xxs and so euy yer next ensuing xxs 

* vuto the'tvme the said"( ) of vijs be truly content and paide Also I will 

t that my dought Jane shallhaue myne other tents called Martyns & Mablotts 

\ lying in moche bromlegh wt ther apptenncs paying vnto :Mar^aret & yong Jane 

i xiiijli sterling thus to be paide The liest xij monyth after her entryng to en of 

i her ij susters aboue named xiijs iijd and then so forth euy yer then next 

I folowyng to either of them xiijs xiljd Vnto the tyme that the full sm of iijii 

I be truly content & paide Also I orden & make Jane my wiile and John Monte 

l Taylor myne execut And I will that the saide John Monte ou i aboue all his 

{ costs sha'lhaue vjs viijd to se that this my testamet i laste will be fultilled 

I The residue of all my goods cattelles & detts before not bequeathed or assigned 

I I give them to Jane wide to se this my testamet cc last will f uliilled to pay my 

« detts to se my body brought honestly to the yerth and to dispose for me in 

) deds of charite as it'shall seme her mo^t best to" the plesuer of God oi helth of 

\ my soule and all crsten souUes These being witnes— Sr WILLIA BOYLEIl- 


i DAVY wt others. 

FOB. 10, O.B. 

Francys 1514 


Colchester items in a letter from Rev. R. II. Gruhhe. 

" I was looking tlirough some old deeds at Colchester the other day, and 
found the follovvkig entries, which show that there was a family of Stone 
of some importance resident there in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. 
I should make a note of these names, as it is always possible something 
may turn up to connect the Colchester Stones with the Great Bromley 
Stones. They, probably, have a common origin. 

1461-83 In the list of inhabitants of Colchester, who did fealty to Ed- 
ward IV., is John Stone. 
1521 John Stone was sworn in as a "Tithing man" (Decennarius). 
1534 In the list of inhabitants who swore fealty to Henry YIII. this 

year are James, John, TTalter and "William Stone. 
1538 John Stone's sigTiature is on a deed making certain surrounding 

lands '' Several." [Perhaps this means surrendering public or 

common land to some individual for private ownership. I am 

not sure-] 

1548 John Stone is a common Council Man for the Bouroagh of Col- 


1549 John Stone is ditto ditto. 

" I fear I have exhausted all the Ardleigh records now, but I am always 
on the look out to find anything about the place, and it will give me great 
pleasure to let you know if I should ever find anything about the Stones." 

From "A Feio Notes on the Parish of Ardleigh, in Essex, and Its Neigh- 
borhood," a pamphlet by Rev. R. H. Gruhhe. 1905. 

\ Condensed and in several places a few words substituted for fuller detail 
by A. W. Z.] 

Ardleigh and the Manors. 

Ardleigh is a British name signifying '' high pasture land." ... In 
the days of Edward the Confessor the land in Ardleigh belonged to six 
gentlemen (Freemen). Shortly afterwards it all belonged to two, whoso 
names were Osbert and Scapie. When "William I. made his survey of 
Ardleigh for the Domesday Book, the Saxon landowners liad been turned 
out, and we find the parish di\-ided among four of "William's Norman fol- 
lowers. Their names were Roger de Kamis, who owned that part where 
Ardleigh Hall now stands ; Hugh de Gurnai, who owned Bovills Hall and 
the lands around : Robert Gernon, who owned the neighborhood of Moze 
Hall ; and Geofi'ery de Magnaville, who owned the part where MartelU 
Hall now stands. 

The Manor of " Pigotts," now called Ardleigh Hall. 

Roger de Ramis was one of those Norman nobles who came over from 
France with "William the Conqueror, and after helping him to conciucr 
England, was rewarded with several estates. To him was given the houso 
and lands now known as Ardleigh Hall, formerly called '• Pigotts." His 
chief residence was at Raines, in Essex. He had to pay to the king, yearly, 
enough money to support ten knights with their horses and armour, in re- 
turn fur his estates. . . . The second Roger de Ramis . . . paid 
the king a half knight's fee, i. e., sufficient for the support of half a knight. 


for his estate in Ardleigh alone, whicli must have been considerable. He 
gave the church in Ardleigh over to the care of the monastery of St. 
John's, Colchester, which probably means that he built the chm-ch. Thig 
was in King Stejjhen's reign. But . . . the family of de Kamis . . . 
had so many other estates that they '*let" Ardleigh, as we should say, to 
a family of the name of Picott. 

Sir Ralph Picott lived here in the reigns of Kings Richard I. and John. 
lie also held an estate called Picotts in Saliug, Essex. His son, Sir 
"William, in Henry III.'s reign, was bound to provide, yearly, one sparrow- 
hawk to the king in return for holding the estate or manor of Pigotts, in 
Siding. In H9-i . . . Ralph Picott paid 50/ as the equivalent for 
providing his half-knight to the king. And about 1210 we find he ten- 
anted one carucate of land ; i. e., about 100 acres, in Ardleigh, belonging 
to Roger de Ramis. . . . His great-grandson, Sir Ralph Pycott, sold 
the manor in 1329 to William de Tey. Five generations of Tey held it 
before Thomas, who inherited Picotts, and was a knight. He died Dec. 
31st, 154:0. He used to pay King Henry VIII. twelve shillings a year 
for the estate. All his large estates were divided among his four dauahters. 
His land in Ardleigh went to his daughter Mary, who married Sir Thomas 
Nevill. Her son . . . Thomas Nevill seems to have parted with 
Pigotts Hall, for the next owner we find is William Cardinall, Esq., of 
Great Bromley, who died Aug. 7th, 15G8, leaving it to his son William. 
He seems to have sold it, and there were three families before the present 
ow"ner, Mr. John Fenn. The house is now an old farm house, with a 
modern red-brick front. 

The Manor of Bovills. 

The Manor of Bovills, or Bradvills, derived its name from some owners 
who owned it in the reign of King Henry II. . . . Richard de Bovill, 
from whom the manor takes its name, was a rich man in the place, and a 
Benefactor to St. Botolph's Priory in Colchester, in the year 1189. . . . 
Afterwards this manor, also, came into the possession of the Tey family, 
before-mentioned. It was held of the Honor of Clare ; i. e., the holder, 
instead of paying his due to the King, as was the case in the Manor of 
Pigotts, paid it to the Baronial Family, who held the estates of the Earldom 
of Clare. . . . After Thomas Tey died, in 1540, his youngest daughter, 
Frances, brought it in marriage to her first husband. Thomas Bonham, 


rhose sou. Thomas Bonham, sold it in 1582. After some nine sales 

mingled with various inheritances, in 1892 it was purchased by Charriugton 
Kicholl, Esq., of Colchester, who died in 1905, greatly regretted in Ard- 
leigh, where he will be long remembered for his kindness and beneficence. 

The Church. 

The first mention of a Church at Ardleigh is in King Stephen's reign 
(1135-1154), when Roger de Ramis, Lord of the Manor of Pigotts, gave 
the Church to the Abbey of St. John's, Colchester. . . . Probably 
the Church has been many times rebuilt. Tlie Tower and Porch now 
standing are said to date from 14G0 . . . the whole Church excepting 
the Tower and Porch were rebuilt by the efforts of Cauon Perry, \'icar 
of Ardleigli, in 1882. The Church is dedicated to St. 3Iary. Tlie Porch 
is "large and handsomely built, with a mixture of free stone and tliuts."' 

There are no monuments of any age. 


From a letter from Rev. Alfred D. Cope, Hector of Little Bromhn, Feb 


" I am sending you three photographs of our Church. ... It must 
have borne the same appearance externally to most of the Stones who lived 
here, and the altar rails, put up by the order of Laud, when he was our 
Bishop, must have been familiar to all the Lincolns who lived here, and 
no doubt some of them have knelt at these same rails, which have been 
most carefully preserved for more than 2oO years. 

"The Body of our Church dates from about 1100, and the Tower was 
built between 1400 and 1500 — probably somewhere very early between 
the two. 

" Our East window is the first in England in which St. Cedde, the mis- 
sionary Bishop of the East Saxons, was represented. I hear that another 
Church has followed suit. He was, I believe, the first Bishop of these 
parts who was canonized, and was brother to the celebrated St. Chad of