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Bennett Wood Oreen 

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iste Soppleineiit to Um NotM and Qaeriet, with No. 108. Jan. 21, 1882. 


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'< When found, make a note ol*'— GAPTAur Ci 

July — Decembeb, 1881 • 




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[For dMofied articlei, mo AiroimcouB Works, Bibuoorapht, Books vscvnLr pttbushbd, EpioBAicSy Epitaph^ 
FoLK-iiOBi^ Paotbsbs axd Phkabes, Quotatiobs, Shakspkabiaba, and Sobqb abd Ballads.] 

A. (E. H.) on Abioger Cfaurcb, 147 
A. (H.) on Shakipeare and Gamberland, 318 
A« (P. F. S.) on Piepowder Court, 330 
^ Abeb ent lealdet," a motto, 209, 294 
Abhba on the borougb of Appleby, 67 

••Book of Babies" 227 

*' Diaiy of an Irish Gentleman," 308 

Graves (Capt. Thomas), 408 

Ireland, "that unhappy land,*' 208 

Miller (George), D.D., 405 

Token, old, 109 

Walhu» (Sir Wm.), portrait of, 69 

Writing with lemon juice, 349 
Abinger Church, its antiquity, 147> 357 
Abnlun (G.) on an Armenian MS., 307 
Actors who have died on the stage, 37 
Adams (H. J.) on Arthur Schopenhauer, 112 
Adams (W. E.) on morris dancers, 524 
«' Adventures of Philip Ashton,*' 429 ' 
Advertiaing and newspapers, 364 
Ady (Thomas), his ''Perfect Discovery of Witches," 

Aes Triplex on an anecdote^ 168 
JEattii, its meaning, 75 
African civilization, ancient, 88 
Agricultural depression circa 1666 and 1737, 535 
Agricultural implements circa 1656, 445 
Agriculture, its literature, 286 
" Alastor of Augustus/* 489 
Albany : '* Be situ Albania," 3 
Albany (John, Duke of). Governor of Sootland, 249, 

Albertus Magnus, copy of his "De Sacramento 

Eucharistie,** 147 
Albiui &mily, 96, 114 

Aldridge (T. L.) on " As Dr. Watte says," 292 
Aldworth (Hon. Mrs.), a Freemason, 456 
Ales, sortt of, 155, 457 

Alkerden, place-name, ito etymology, 156, 234 
Allan (Major-Gen. A. S.), F.S. A.Scot., his death, 548 
Allen (W.) on Nicholas Saunderson, 38 
Allobrogioal, ito meaning, 295 
Alpha on Haydn's " Creation," 258 
Alphabet beUs, 187 

Alverton on *' Joseph and his Brethren/ 494 
American Folk-bre, 446 
Amerioan Scriptuial dramM» 85, 876 

Amery (J. S.) on Darner or Amory, 394 

Amoy, English monumental inscriptions at, 246 

Amyl, ito derivation, 488 

Anderson (Edward), of Hull, his biographv, 308 

Anecdotage, origin of the pun, 48, 173, 437, 495 

Anecdote of a imlitary commander; 168 

Anecdotes and dictionaries, 429, 520 

Anemone puUatilla called " Dane's blood," 347, 374 

Angus (G.) on De La Bere of Southam-De La Bere, 

Angus (J. K.) on *' Joseph and his Brethren," 494 
Anon, on the bagpipe in Lincolnshire, 113 

Bell cotes, sanctus, 147 

Burnt sacrifice in 1859, 514 

Cromwell (T.), his ''Fantaeie of Idolatrie," 294 

Finkel, a place-name, 166 

Ghetto, its etymology, 255 

Infernal, as an intensative, 818 

Littr^ (M.) and his dictionary, 6 

Longevity, 266 

MUky Way=Santa Strada di Lorett), 366 

Milton queries, 76 

Mummy wheat, 173 

St. Helena, great gale at, 408 

Toothache Folk-lore, 107 

Weston (Thomas), 146 

Anonymous Works : — 

Anthropophagus; or, aCj^ution t) the Credulous, 

Australian dramas, 63 
Beyond the Church, 427 

Book, The; or, Procrastinated Memoirs, 187, 388 
Cottage Tales, 469 
Cursory Disquisition on the Conventual Church 

of Tewkesbury, 190, 498 
David's Sling against great Goliah, 87, 254 
Devil's Drive, a poem, 89, 132, 417 
Divine Breathings, 376, 436 
Dove-like Sovle, 109, 179 
Economy of Human Life^ 409, 546 
Elisha, a drama, 409 
Essay for composing a Harmony, &c., 49 
Fig-Leaf, a Satirical and Admonitory Poem, 289 
Francis the Philanthropist, 449 
Glorious Lover, 430, 514, 525 
History of the Deril, 512 ^<^ t 

Imitatio Ohristi, 246, 885, C5%d by VjOOQIC 



f Index BvpBtanmt te the NeCet mA 
\Qtterifle,ir{th Now 106, Jen. ft. liW. 

ABonymoui Workf :^ 

]biquiry into Constitution of Primitive Charohet, 

Joseph and his Brethren, a drtma, 427» 494, 524 

Ladies' Advocate, 228 

Letters from Buenos Ayres and Chili, 229 

London in the Oldeu Time^ 208, 254 

Memorials of Two Sisters^ 55 

Meroia, a Tale of History, l67, "196 

Misfortunes of St Paul's Cathedral, 511 

Mr. H.'s Own Narrative, 508 

Mysterie of Bhetorick Unveil'd, 454 
* Oriental Wanderings, 167, 196 

Philosophy of Trade, 227 

Pictures of the Heart, 365 

Poems, Original, Lyrical, and Satirical, 469 

Poems by a Young Nobleman, 487, 517 

Kustio Friend ; or. Miscellaneous Poems, 388 

Systema Agriculturss, 588 

Thoughts on Nature and Beligion, 258 

True Art of Angling, 405, 454 

Two State Martyis, 190, 219 

Virtue and Innocence, a Poem, 309 

Whole Duty of Man, 235 
Anson (W. S.) on Scandinavian mythology, 237 
*Anstey family, 324 
Antevenient : Anteal, 268 
Antimony, its etymology, 369 
Antiquarian : Antiquary, 309 
Antrim Declaration in 1689, 129 
"Anywhen,"367, 642 
Apperson (G. L.) on <*Faire Kipailles," 329 

Friday unlucky for marriage, 98 

London booksellers, 417 

London publishers, 244 
Apple Folk-lore, 55 

Apple pummy, or refuse apple, 273, 458 
Apple-scoops, 7, 96 
Appleby, its corporation officers, 279 
Appleby borough, its *' Boll of Freeholders,'* 67 
Approbations Opinion or judgment, 247 
Archdeacon on *' A little bird told me," 366 

Fpitsphs, curious, 286 

" Glorious and immortal memory," 449 

"Grey mare is the better horse," 456 

Trousers first worn in England, 215 
Archer family of Welland, 68 
'< Argo," by the Earl of Crawford and Baltianres, 

bk. V. 649, 513 
Aigosy, its derivation, 226, 415, 489 
•• Aristology ; or, the Art of Dining," 28, 158 
Ark of the Covenant on St. Michael's Mount, 848 
Arkansas, its pronunciation, 296 
Armenian legend, 147, 233 
Armenian MSS., early, 807 
Armour, funeral, in churches, 38, 256, 314 
Arms, canting, 187 ; curious, 218 ; of colonial and 

missionary bishoprics, 310 
Amott (S.) on Chiswick, Gunnersbnry, Cheshnnt, &€., 

127, 430 
Ashbee (H. S.) on Bolton Comey, 291 
Ashes made of palms, 355 
Ashtaroth, shrines of, 848 
** Ass laden with books," 217 
Asses and thistles, saying about, 169 

Attwell (H.) on preface tospicUeginm of notes, ftc., 87 
AUwood (J. S.) on Cromwell's " Fantasie," 227 
Aubertin (J. J.) on St. Elmo*s light, 314 
Augustan epigram, 217 
Australian dramas, 68 
Australian dramatic authors, 62 
Autograph letters, their mounting, 805 
Aver-de-pois, its original meaning, 167, 384 
Averiguador on altar-piece at Lille, 412 
Axon (W. E. A.) on an Armenian legend, 147 

Cologne, old, tale of, 518 

Negro Folk-lore, 584 

B (Countess of), her posthumous poems, 809 

B. (A. C.) on Campbells of Carradale, 129 
B. (A F.) on haunted houses, 214 
B. (A. H.) on " Intellectual," iU meaning, 248 
B. (A. 0.) on Melchior Winhoff, 9 
B. (C. T.) on Tennyson's *' Dream of Fair Women/^ 

William IV., was he an author t 78 
B. (D. B.) on parallel passages, 446 
B. (£.) on superstitions about feathers, 236 

Wandering Jew, 204 
K (£. F.) on Finkle, a place-name, 356 

Shakspeare (W.) and Cumberland, 126 

Wig, episcopal, 493 
B. (B. M.) on seal of the Knights Templars, 19$ 
B. (E. P.) on " Economy of Human Life," 40f^ 
B. (E. W.) on the Carpenters* Company, 408 

Colours, literature of, 396 

Comets, superstitions about, 112 

Library of Trinity ColL, Cambridge, 42a 

Lynstead Church : Wesley family, 49 

Sepulchre in churches, 383 

Dniversity towns, 544 
B. (F. A.) on '< Creature of Christ," 112 

Iwarby family, 138 

Knebworth registers, 6 

" Pouring oil on troubled waters," 175 
B. (G. F. R.) on gate of Boulogne at Hardres, 74 

Churehwardens, female, 58 

Ciunching, its meaning, 168 

Cursitor cup, 540 

"Dunciad,'^iii. 151, 30 

Folk-lore : The biter bit, 407 


Horseshoes at Oakham Castle, 17 

Joke, oldj revived, 393 

Largesse as a modem word, 193 

Manchet loaf, 496 

Matlock Islands, 129 

Meeting-houses, registered, 215 

Numismatic query, 49 

Quedlinburgh Abbey, 408 

Screw propeller, its inventor, 890 

Somerset (Sir Charles), 478 

** Stark naught," 276 

Tall, use of the word, 146 

Taylor (6p.), his " Worthy CommamoaUt^" 812 

Valentine's Day, 258 

Wig curiers, 274 

"Yellow Book, The," 138 
B. (G. S.) on two portrait painten^41 ^T ^ 

Wesley (Samuel), 196 VnOOQ IC 

Simflciamt lo the Hotat m4 \ 
■, vith S«. 106, Ju. «!• lan. J 



B. (J.) on ** Inn "Ma verb, 812 
B. (J. N.) on portrait of Barna by Skirving, 425 
PortraitB uranted, 394 

Warton (T.), his ballad of <*The Toraip-Hoer/' 467 
B. (R.) on the earliest railway, 855 
B. (T.) on Darner or Amory, 893 
B. (W. C.) on " Bred and bom," 68 
"Dandad/'iii. 151, 81 
Hook (Dr.) and EvangeUcaHam, 65 
Montroae (Marquii of), 3 
B. (W. B.) on *'Drowe," its meaning, 478 

Lincolnshire, history of, 173 
B. (W. G.) on Kerr, its pronanoiation, 886 
B. <W. M.) on Wiltshire provincialisms, 106 
B. (Y.) on ancient mannscriptt, 88 
Babel, a field-name. 168 
Bacchus family, 408, 644 
Baddow, Vicar of, 512 
Bagnal or Bagenal fiunily, 288, 818, 875, 456 
Bagpipe in Lincolnshire, 118 
Baily (J.) on ancient calendars, 86 

Ghosts, great men believers io, 856 
Bttkavtiov, its derivation, 113 
BaU (E. A.) on Sydney Smith, 401 
Ballinger (J.) on Crimpaal : Cmmpsa)), 298 

«* Ho thy way," 29 
BanfiT : '< Miss Forbes's Farewell to Banff," 404 
Banffenais on *' Farewell to Banff,'* 404 
Bankes (F. P.) on Wm. Brown, artist, 90 
Barber-Snrgeons' Hall, bodies of malefiftctors at, 49, 

172, 219, 278 
Bardwell (W.) on Sonthwark antiqnities, 278 
Barnard (F. P.) on dated book-plates, 247 
Bacon, premier, of Enghind, 151 
Baailican rite, 167 
Baaket, an ancient word, 12, 78 
Bateman : Battemund, name and family, 207 
Bates (W.) on George Edmonds, 210 
Elwall (Edward), 50 

Telephone indicated by Baphael, 169, 190 
Bath newspaper, early, 507 
Batty (J.) on the "Sepulchre" in churches, 148 
Bay : At hay, its etymology, 853, 412 
Bayenx Tapestry, 245 
Barley (F.) on Thomey Abbey, 108 
Bayne (T.) on '* Brose," iu etymology, 376 
Cuckoo Folk-lore, 879 
Hpitaphfi, 185, 257 
Grifi&n, its meaning, 115 
« Land o' the leaf,'* 118 
''Lord aUin's Daughter,** 209 
*'Stark naught,** 276 
Toadstool Folk-lore, 452 
Beak (A.) on Christian names, 77 

West Indian superstitionsy 165 
Baanchamp pedigree, 88, 118 
." Beauty bhearer,*' her portrait, 209 
Beaven (A. B.) on Charles BuUer, 450 
Becket (Thomas h), relic of, 585 
Beekfbrd (Peter), M.P., author of "Familiar Letters 

fromItaly,**267, 811, 874 
Bede (Cuthbert) on Approbations=(>iniiion, 247 

t'< As deep as Garrick,** 540 
Butler (Samueli, his house, 469 
Cat, ''tender/* 486 

Bede (Cuthbert) on G. CoIman*s *' Newcastle Apothe- 
cary,*' 264 
Fairs caUed" Mops,** 64 
Gallows, its meaning, 895 
Harvest custom, 127 
Oriel, iu etymology, 886 
" Perio,** at Fotheringhay, 507 
Sanctus bell cotes, 434 
Scribe used as a verb, 886 
Stone-nobblers=Areh»ologi8tfi, 187 
"Tidy mess,** 205 
Bedford, its etymology, 849, 474 
Bedford, matrix of brass at St. Paul*s, 145 
Bedford Grammar School, a royal foundation, 869, 545 
Bee-hives, transparent, in the time of the Romans, 

Bell cotes, sanctus, 147, 483 
Bell founders at Wellington, Shropehize, 808 
BeU (Dr.) and Mr. Lancaster, 17, 155, 295, 351 
BelU Aqua (Robert de) and Dionysia his wife, 537 
Bells, alphabet, 187 
Benedictine mode of burial, 428 
Benson family of Cumberland and Westmoreland, 828 
Berry (W. G.) on Antrim Declaration and the Whig 

Club, 129 
Besylls or Bessels fimuly, Besselsleigh, oo. Berkii, 587 
"Bewaile,** in (Spenser's "Faerie Queene,*' 89, 254 
Bib. Cur. on books on special subjects, 63 
Bible: Revised Version of the New Testament, 21, 
43, 88, 128; Authorized Version "appointed to be 
read in churches,*' 24, 72, 180, 171 ; Hieroglyphic, 
29, 200; "Evil One," in the Lord's Prayer, 94; 
Galatians iii. 19-20, 118 ; names of revisers of Old 
and New Testaments, 203 ; Welsh Testament, 203; 
Latin, Vulg., 1498, 228, 435 ; Latin M8. of the 
New Testament, 246 ; heading of Psalm cxHz., 266, 
898; Micah iv. 8, in Luther*s version, 269, 458; 
St. Luke zxiit. 15, 465, 498 ; Bong of Solomon, iL 5, 
Bibliography :— 

" Book, The, or Procrastinated Memoirs," 187 
Books, '* foxed** plates in, 49, 96; on special 
subjects, 68, 185; printed before 1550, 147, 
195, 251, 457; "top shelf,** 887, 548 
Burns (Robert), 168 
Carlyle (Thomas), books and pamphlets on, 201, 

Corney (Bolton), 291, 875 

Dictionaries, early Latin-English and English- 
Latin, 141, 274; early English, 257, 279 
"Divine Breathings,** 376, 436 
Edmonds (Greorge) and George Edmonds, 102, 

210, 589 
"Fight at Dame Europa'i School," 241, 281, 

842, 401, 587 
" Florilegium Renovatnm et Auotum,** 489 
Gipsy, 264, 470 
"Udden Legend,*' 447 
Gray (Thomas), his "Elegy," 16 
Holmes (John), 464 

Holy Land, travels in, 104, 124, 144, 206 
"Joseph and his Brethren," 427, 494, 524 
"Nipotismodi Roma,** 1667, 28 ( r^r\n]i> 
Numismatics^ 426 Digitized by vrri^V^ V IV^ 



f Indn 8«pi 

^t to the llotM Mul« 

BiUiogxApli J :— ' 

Pope (Alexander), 430, 472 

Pnlmody and hymnology, 264 

Bobartet (Henzy), 488 

Roman Catholic magasinei, 211 

•Senres (Olivia Wilmot), 164 

StoartB and pseado-Staartfl, 185 

''Treamrie of Aunoient and Modeme limes/* 
249 272 

" Whole Duty of Man," 235 
BibHomaniac on '* De Sacramento Eucharifltie," 147 
Bibliophile on Biblia Latina, 1498, 228 
Biblioi^e*! grievance, 415 
Billy-cock hat, 98 
Bingham (0. W.) on an Augustan epigram, 217 ; his 

death, 480 
Biogham (Sir Bichard), his biography, 513 
Biognphies, royal naval, 115 
Birch of Paradise, 427 
Birch (W. J.) on monolith in Hyde Park, 172 

Idoore (Thomas), 802 
Bird : « A little bird told me," 866 
Bird (T.) on poll books, 433 

Servant^ their burial, 377 
Birds under the Cross, 56, 97 

Birmingham Directory, Strechley's or Sketchley's, 69 
Birthdays, deaths od, 510 
Births, marriages, and deaths in the sixteenth pen- 

tury, 285 
Bishoprics, colonial and misdonary, their armr, 310 
Bishops, American and colonial, 169, 335, 474 
Black (W. G.) on burial facing the east, 206 

Bums (Robert), contemporary of, 47 

Chinese Folk-medicine, 485 

Coins in ships, 48 

" Dine with Duke Humphrey," 166 

Polk-lore. collection of, 484 

Heine (H.), hid "English Fragments," 510 

•* Virtue and Innocence," 809 
Blair (F. C. H.) on Blairquhan, 68 
Blairquhan, its etymology, 68, 298 
Blake (Mrs.), her school at Croydon, 249 
Bhiker (A.) on Ifield, Sussex, 48, 216 
Blaydes (F. A.) on Oxfordshire election of 1754, 96 

Turner iamily, 537 

Wentworth (Lords) of Nettlested, 297 

'Willoughby (Mary), 525 
Bienkinsopp (E. L.) on '* Bougaios," LXX., Esther 
iii. 1, 497 

Dotterel or Doterel ! 49 


."Ho thy way," 152 

Horn "wound," 89 

** House of Correction," a tavern sign, 217 

Latin in diplomacy, 128 

Nachani-Imtiaz, 512 

Patience, a man's name, 168 

Rule ofthe road, 258 

Scribe used as a verb, 543 

Soldiers, female, 118 

Tea, afternoon, 136 

IT and F commuted, 236 

Witchcraft in the 19th century, 510 
'^Blickling Homilies," Early English Text Society, 5 
Blood-guiltiness, Bacon on, 387 

Blunderfield finnily, 109 
Blyton Churob, inscription at, 806 
Boase (G. C.) on Christmas on the Murrombidgee 
river, 502 

Cornwall Domesday Survey, 254 

Edmonds (Geo.) and Geo. Edmonds, 102 

Hyde Park, monolith in, 172 

Pattens, men in, 494 

Robartes (Henry), 488 

Royal salutes, 47 

Women in Parliament^ 207 
Boblnn of thread, 137, 176 
Boccaccio (John), early editions of his ** Decameron,^ 

288, 332 
Bodley family of London, their pedigree, 84 
Boileau on caricatures by Boyne, 416 

Epigram on Bursar of St. John's ColL, Oxford, 299 

'* Grassam and toist»" 453 

Parr (Old), 317 

Rice : Rise, 53 

Trees, British indigenous, 217 

Ventrioulator, its meaning, 208 
Boleyn (Queen Anne), burial of her heart and body, 

326, 413,477 
Bombay, Portuguese inscriptions in, 383 
Bonython family of Bonython, Cornwall, 455, 491, 546 
Bonython flagon, 491 
Bonython (J. L.) on Bonython flagon, 491 
" Book of Babies," 227, 898 

Book-plates, accumulated, 16 ; with Greek mottoes, 
266, 414, 497 ; their mounting, 305 ; dated, 206, 
247, 466, 486 
Books. See Billiograplty, 
Booko, notes in. See Fly-leaf ihscriptiom, 
*< Books of Canaan," 228 

Books recently published : — 

Alleyn*B College at Dulwich, Warner's Catalogue 

of MSS. and Muniments, 99 
Anderson's Book of British Topography, 180 
Antiquarian Magazine and Bibliographer, 547 
Antiquary, vols. iii. and iv., 527 
Art and Letters, 820 
Becket (Thomas), Materials for History of, voL v., 

Beljame's Le Public et les Hommes de Lettres en 

Angleterre au Dixhuiti^me Sibcle, 526 
Bible : The Speaker's Commentary—New Teat., 

vol. iii., 59 ; Blunt's Annotated, 525 
Bibliographer, The, 500 

Bigelow's History of Procedure in England, 439 
Bingham's Marriages of the Bonapartes, 418 
Bird of Truth, and other Fairy Tales, 527 
Blunt's Annotated Bible, 525 
Boger's Southwark and its Story, 180 
Brewer's Political, Social, and Literary History 

of Germany, 199 
Bristol, Oldest Plans of, by W. George, 19, 40 
Brown's The Unicorn : a Mythologictd Inveetigm- 

tton, 460 
Bunsen's The Angel Messiah, 80 
Calendar of Home Office Papers, Geo. III., 1770- 

1772, 238 
. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series^ 1654, 

15» Digitized by LnOOgle 

9 appl gm< nt to tfc« NotM andl 
n, vtkh Mow !««, Jan. si, ifttt./ 



tooks MMntlj publiilitd >— 

CMter'f Btory of the New Tettameot in eon- 

nexion with the Beviied Version, 860 
Catharine of AmgOD» by A* dn Boys, edited by 

C. M. Tooge, 59 
Chatto's Tieatiae on Wood BoKtaving, 280 
Christ'a Hospital, List of Univenity Ezhibi- 

tionen, 180 
Copinffer's Law of Copyright, 199 
Corayii Lettrea an Protopaalte de Smyme, 299 
Crawford's Timvel in New Zealand and Australia, 

Crowest's Phases of Musical EogUuid, 140 
Commins's Grammar of the Old J^esic Langnage^ 

Daiuers Vision of the Twelve Goddesses, 360 
Davies's Hindn Philosophy, 259 
Davies's Supplementary English Glossary, 859 
Derbyshire Archsdological Society's Jonmal, 

voL iii., 80 
Dictionary of Quotations from the English Poets, 

Diocesan Histories, 888, 894 
Doncaster Charities, by Charles Jackson, 400 
Downame (Dr. George), Bishop of Deny, 60 
Dyer's Domestic Folk-lore» 58 
Elwes's Bedford and its Neighbourhood, 158 
Encyclopsedic Dictionary, pt. ii., 440 
English Poets, vols. iii. and iv., 200 
English Sonnets by Poets of the Past^ 479, 500 
\ Eyton's Domesday Studies, 119, 185 
t fasta Bcolesbe SarisberiensiB, by W. H. Jones, 

> Folk-lore Beoord, 88, 500 

Folk-lore Society: Aubrey's Bemains of Geu- 

tilisme and Jodaisme, 38 
Freeman's Sketches from the Subject and Neigh- 
bour Lands of Venice, 498 
Gardiner's Outline of English History, 219 
Gardiner and Mnllinger's Introduction to Study 

of English History, 98 
Garfield's Life and Public Services, 819 
Gibb's Gudrun, and other Stories, 380 
Giraod's La Mar^hale de Villars et son Temps, 

Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, pt xii., 480 
Goody Two Shoes (Fao-simile Beproduction), 440 
Graham's Creed of Science, 860 
Gray's Classics for the Million, 420 
Great French Bevolution, 419 
Hampton Coart» Law's Catalogue of ^oturei at» 

Harrison's Myths of the Odyssey, 879 

Haydn's Dictionary of Dates, 547 

Henrici de Bracton de Legibus et Consuetndinibus 

Anglice, rcL iv., 419 
Herbert (Lord) of Clierbuiy, Poems, edited by 

J.C. Coning 120 
Here and There, Quaint Quotations, 527 
Hodges*8 Among the Gibgigs, 527 
Hodgson's Bnors in the Use of English, 526 
Jsciuon's Gkiide to the Literature of Botany, 179 
Jcnniogs's Curiosities of Critidsm, 479 
Lsneashire and Cheshire Historical and Genea- 
logical Notes, 480 

Books reoently published : — 
Legenda Sanotorum, 100 
Louis II. de U T^moille, 379 
Maoaulay (Lord), Index to Trerelyan's Life^ 200 
Macgregors Pastimes and Players, 480 
Mackintosh's Memoirs of Clan Mackintosh and 

Clan Chattan, 39 
Matthews's French Dramatists of the Nineteenth 

Century, 399 
Millet (Jean-Frangois), Peasant and Painter, 189 
Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, New Series, 

Yd. iii., 40 
MoTselli's Suicide, 460 

Mother Goose; or, the Old Nursery Bhymes, 838 
Naden's Songs and Sonnets of Springtime, 280 
New England Historical and Geneslogioal 

B^^ter, Yol. xxxv., 527 
New Testament in the Original Greek, 259 
New York Genealogical and Biographical Becord, 

Yol. xii., 500 
NiooU's Great Movements and Those who 

Achieved Them, 399 
Order of Administration of the Lord's Sapper 

(Scottish Common Prayer Book of 1687), 480 
Order of Compline, Sarum Use, 220 
Orel's Beoollections of the Last Half-Centuty, 4.39 
CShaughnessy's Songs of a Worker, 99 
Our Country, 40 
Oxfordshire Archaeological Society's Transactions, 

Passion Play of Ober-Ammergau, translated by 

M. F. Drew, 440 
Pfyfier (Ludwig) und seine Zwt, von A. v. 

Segesser, vol. L, 19 
Philosophical Classics, 89 
Phrynicbtts, the New, 79 
Poe (Edgar Allan), Poems of, 499 
Pope (Alexander), Works of, vd. iii., 859 
Quips and Quiddities, 460 
Bawlinson's History of Ancient Egypt, 18 
Beoords of the Past, vol. xii., Egyptian Texts, 100 
Begister of Presidents, kc, of S. Mary Magdaksn 

Coll., Oxford, vol. vii., 499 
Begistrum Malmesburiense, vol. ii., 19 
Bonetti's Ballads and Sonnets, 547 
Saville's Civil Service Coach, 319 
Schanz's Englisohe Handelspolitik gegen Ende 

des Mittelalters, 526 
Scott's Essay on History of English Chursh 

Architecture, 219 
S^illot's Les Litt^ratures Popnlaires, Tome 1^ 

Shakspere's Sonnets, edited by B. Dowden, 59 
Sikes's Bambles and Studies in Old South Wales^ 

Simpson's Chapten in the History of Old St. 

Paul's, 18 
Slow*s Wiluhire Bhymes, 100 
Staunton's Ecclesiastical. Dictionary, 259 
Stoker's Under the Sunset, 399 
Stone's Cradle Land of Arts and Creeds, 59 
Sully's Illusions : a Psychological Study, 78 
Tennyson (A.), Gatty's Key to In Memorisniy, 

280 ; Life and Works, by W. B. Wace^ 838 
Thoinson's Essays and Phantasies^ 39 




{Tnd«x Bappl«in«ntto Um Not«i tat 
Qa«ri«t, with No. 108, Jan. ti. Mil. 

Book! reeently publif bed i— 

TtedwelV* Monograph on PriTately-Illaiiiratod 
Booki» 479 

ViUon** Poemiy done into EngliBh by John Payne, 

Waters*! Genealogical Memoin of Families of 
Chester and Astry, 859 

Weldon's Chronological Notes of the Order of 
St Benedict, 419 

Western Antiquary, pt. ii., 500 

White's Holidays in the Tyrol, 400 

Words, Facts, and Phrases, by E. Edwards, 440 

Words of GarBeld, 420 

Yorkshire Archsologioal Jonmal, pt xxv ,140 
Booksellers, London, in the 16lh and 17th oeiitories, 
4, 55, 417 ; their catalogaes, 45, 173 ; their signs, 
Book-worm, its habitii, 84, 897 
Boom, its meanings, 66 
Boon-days, its meaning, 13, 55, 858, 545 
Boots, Hesnan, 139 
Borrow (George), his " Life and Adventures of Joseph 

Boston and its people, rhyme on, 6 
Boachier family of Bam«ley, 86 
** Boagaios," LXX^ Esther iii. 1, 179, 497 
Boulogne, gate of, at Hardres, 74 
Bourchier (Sir James), his pedigree, 175, 277 
Bower (H.) on the Valley of Olympia, 536 
Bowker (G. £. B.) on Christian names, 336 
Bowles (C. E. B.) on Stafford of Eyam, 134 
Boyle (E. M.) on a portrait, 268 
3oynaole family, 586 
Boyne (R.), caricatures by, 248, 416, 497 
Boys executed in England, 177, 891, 475 
Brabrook (E. W.) on burial in the wall of a house, 473 
Bradley (C.) on Bunker*s Hill, 255 
Bradley (Q.) on Esher, its derivation, 196 
Brag, its derivation, 137, 271 
Braming, origin of the word, 15, 82 
Branwhite on Hook or Hooke family, 469 
Brasenose College, origin of its name, 867i 542 
Brasses, unregistered, 163 
Brecknock (John), treasurer to Henry VT., 467 
Breeding-stone= Plum-pudding stone, 389, 436, 478 
Brewer (E. C.) on books printed before 1550, 195 

Honorificabilitudinity, 55 

" Play old gooseberry," 417 

" Pouring oil on troubled waters," 174 

Wind, its mispronunciation, 296 
Briggs pedigree, 429 
iBrightwell (D. B.) on articles on Carlyle, 145 

Jingo, 179 
Briasel-cock : Turkey, 298 
Britain, its indigenous trees, 91, 217 
Britten (J.) on Anemone puUatUla, 374 

Bees told of a death, 374 

"Peter Kppin," 437 
Broctuna on booksedlen* signs, 286 
Brodbelt family, 188 

Brooke (W. T.) on hymn " Rock of Ages," 54 
Brookes (A.) on the burial of servants, 877 
Brose, its etymology, 214, 876 
Broth : Few broth, 88, 217 
Brougham (Henry, Lord), his pedigree, 287 

Broughton (Rev. Thomas), his biography, 111 

Brown (J.) on oentenarianism, 7 

Brown (J. B.) on gate of Boulogne mt Hardrss, 74 

Brown (Tom), his writings, 138 

Brown (Wm.), artist, Newcastle-on-Tyne, 90 

Brydges (Sir Kgerton), his '* Population and Riches of 

Nations," 446 
Bubm on a bobbin of thread, 137 
Buckley (W. E.) on anecdotes and dictionaries, 520 

" Bewaile," in Spenser, 254 

«Book of Babies," 398 

Braming, its etymology, 82 

Bunyan (John), portrait of, 95 

Cromwell (T.), his " Fantaaie,*' 896 

Bate, metrical, 67, 194 

" David's Sling against great Goliab," 254 

Eagle, its longevity, 266 

Honorificabilitudinity, 418 

Hymn, « Rock of Ages," 54 

*'Inoomparable Jewell," a sermon, 512 

Latin-English dictionaries, 274 

Milton queries, 75 

Ridel (Geoffrey), Sire de Blaye, 471 

Bogers (S.), '* Firebrand" edit, 127 • 

Saunders (Mrs. PhiUdelphia), 196 

Scandinavian mythology, 152 | 

Seal on back of a picture, 873 

Tarragona Cathedral, 318 , 

Trees indigenous to Britain, 91 
Budd fiimily and arms, 189 

<< Buffs," 8rd Regiment of Foot, 26, Q5, 111, 149, 170 
BuUer (Charles) and the Privy Council, 408, 44^, 495 
Bullion's Day^July 4th, 154 
Bunker's Hill as an English name, 48, 255 
Bunyan (John), portrait of, 95 
Burgess (J. T.) on Charies II.'s hiding-places, 522 
Borukl on Sunday in Scotland, 138 ; facing the east, 
206 ; in wall of a house, 426, 473 ; Benedictine, 428 
Burials of servants, 9, 854, 377 
Buried alive, a tale of old Cologne, 844, 518 
Bums (Robert), quotation by, 9, 153 ; a contempoT»fy 
of, 47 ; originalMSS. of, 15, 135 ; an undeacribei 
edit, 168, 335 ; his friend John Murdoch, 865, 437 ; 
portrait by Skirving, 425, 475 
Burnt sacrifice in 1859, 514 
Burton Agnes, Yorkshire, its description by Dugdale, 

Burton (Dr. John Hill), his death, 140 ; his life and 

writings, 160 
Burtonian on Hilliard=Clerke, 269 
6usby= Hussar or artillery cap, 98 
Butler (Samuel), his ^onse at Strensham, 887, 469 
Byron (George Gordon, 6ih Lord) at Missolonghi, 46; 
his statue in the library of Trinity ColL, Cambridge^ 
421 ; West's portrait, 587 

C. on knighthood by Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 8Sa 

Roberts (D.), his •• Holy Land," 28 
C*** on the pronunciation of Kerr, 623 
C. (A.) on a translation of ** Faust," 149 

" Medicus curat," &c., 495 

** Shah Goest," 197 ' 

C. (C.) on John Cooper, 228 

Psalm cli., translated by Tenuant,^109 
C. (C. G.) on Tunholm family, 329 



Qncta, vith H9. lue, Jan. tl. 184./ 



C. (C. W.) on coffin found in the Mersey, 8 
C. (D. F.) on CunpbeU and Polignac, 494 
C, (P.) on bees informed of a death, 496 
C. (6. A.) on "Forthlot," ite meaning, 17 

Ijargease as a modern word, 193 

Lincolnshire provincialisms, 238 

Serelt of Brandlston, 238 
€. (H.) on Japanese fans, 187 
C. (J. JS. K.) on CnttsfamUy. 157 
C. (R.) on original MSS. of Boms, 89 

"Besitu Albani8B,''3 
O. (X.) on " Wind," ito mispronnnoiation, 233 
CaUmttensis on alphabet bells, 187 

DawHon (Nancy), her tombstone, 205 

Gosden, antiquarian artist, 328 

Gryseacrees (Mistress), 195, 299 

Gnilford (Horace), 208 

Borse^oxirser, its moaning, 493 

Market cross with a lion rampant, 195 

Bound towers in England, 289 

Bepnlohre in churches, 333 

Serres (Olivia Wilmot), 164 

Homereet (Duke of), his burial-place, 299 

Trafalgar, memories of, 503 

Teitch (Dr. James), 149 
Calendars, ancient, 7, 36 
*' Calling the neck," a harvest custom, 186 
Calvert (Mr.X mmister at Andover in the 16th oentury, 

Cambridge: Trinity Coll in the 17th century, 121 ; 
iu bowling green in 1660 and 1876, 186; library 
- of Trinity Coll., 321, 361, 381, 423, 481 ; statue of 

Byron in Trinity Coll. Library, 421 , 
Cambridge M.P.s, 176 
Campbell and Polignao, 448, 494 
Campbell family of Carradale, 49, 96, 129, 158 
Campbell (Thomas) and tbe University of Wilna, 48 ; 

aoene of " Lord Ullin*s Daughter," 209 
Campkin (H.) on portraits of Irving, 524 

" Medicos curat," &c., 477 
Canonisation, Papal and popular, 146, 175, 193, 229, 

Oardonell (Adam de), his parentage, &c., 287, 335, 475 
Cards, deck of, 509 
Carews, Gypsy, 28 
Carlton on Fife earldom, 53 
Carlton (Will), verse writer, 69 
Carlyle (Thomas), periodical press on, 145, 201 ; books 
and pamphlets on his life and works, 201, 226 ; 
anagram on, 307 
Carmicbael (G. H. £.) on CampbeUs of Carradale, 96, 

Conyers of North ITorkshire, 52 

Durham University, 378 

Fairfowl (or Fairfoul) family, 73 

Fall of Dunbar, Faa, &c., 331 

Franciscans in Scotland, 432, 457 

Montfode (or Monfode) of that ilk, 14 

Seafield Castle, 538 

Strelly=Weet, 270 
Caroline (Queen) and the Scottish dairymaid, 288, 454 
Carpenters' Company of London, 408 
Carriage=:Baggage, 288, 871 
Carter (W. F.) on Fowler of Abbey Cwm Hlr, 612 
Casanova de Beingalt (Jacques), his Memoirs, 17 

Catalogues, bookaellers', 45, 173 

Cave-Browne (J.) on Lambeth Palace called Cant. 

House^ 268 
Cayfoy, a kind of cut yelvet, 137 
Cecil (Sir Edward), his birth and knighthood, 429 
Cecil (L.) on portraits at Woodsome Hall, 227 
Celer on " Science of Language," 31 
Celier, its meaning, 877 
Collier (Mrs. Elizabeth), her biography, 877 
Centenarianism, 7, 47, 135, 266, 269, 303, 327 
Cervantes, his correct designation, 155; edition of 

"Don Quixote," 1744, 155, 457 
Chaise marine, 449 

Chambers (0. L.) on ** Summat from Suffolk,'* 226 
Chance (F.) on "At bay,'* 353 

Forrfel, its meaning, 272 

" Licked into shape," 378 

Love as a scoring term, 178 

Mister=Need or want, 161 

Oriel, its etymology, 252 

Bailway, eariiest, 288 
Chaplyn £smily arms, 190 
Chapman (J. H.) on lists of emigrants, 112 

Freemasoniy, 446 

Knebworth registers^ 112 ' 

Mary, Queep of Scots, 485 

Roman Catholics and the pensl laws, 189 

Simpson (Nathaniel), 416 
Charing, Kent, distich on, 489 
Charles L, his portrait in St Paul's Church, Bedford, 

847, 544; and Shakspeare, 465 
Charles II., his hiding-places, 207, 498, 522 
Chamock (R. S.) on Crimpsal: Crumpsall, 299 

Drury family, 271 

Forthlot or forlot, 337 

Frisic Guild, 347 

Ghetto, its etymology, -65 

Gibleio, its locality, 54 

Gun, prefix to place-names, 95 

Hughenden^^Hitchendon, 36 

Lancashire, its earliest inhabitants, 317 

Lares-croft, a place-name, 494 

Meams, Scotch name, 544 

Panmore, Forfarshire, 198 

Rice : Rise, 53 

Sterne (L.), his "Tristram Shandy," 869 

Wargrave, its etymology, 232 
Chasles (Michel), his library, 20 
Chatterton (Thomas), his portrait^ 108 
Chaucer, its derivation, 512 

Chaucer (Geoffrey), "Such which" in the "Pro- 
logue,*' 189, 414; his surname, 512 
Cheney family of Grantham, 486 
Chepstow, its siege, 307, 355, 476 
Cbeshunt and similar place-names. See Ohmoick, 
Chess, game related to, 448 
Chester (Earls of) and Hugh Despenser, 428 
Chester (J. L.) on Eari of Cleveland, 11 
Chevreux, origin of the name, 209 
Chevronn^ on Rohese, Countess of Lincoln, 212 
Cheyne, its pronunciation, 56, 417 
Child (F. J.) on " Capt. Weddurbum's Courtship,** 228 
Child (T.) on " Tom Jones " on the French stage, 292 
Children, their minds a sheet of white paper, 257 

Chinese Folk* medicine, 485 ( r^r^nlr> 

Digitized by Vn,OOQ IC 



/IndnSamltncBlto tUXolMMd 
^ l«.iKtibN«. IM, Jaa.ll, Utl 

Cbinete librariM, 86, 154 

Cbirargeons* CompaDy, seal of, 206 

Cbiswick, Cheahunt, and similar plaoe-namea, 127, 856, 

Cbiistening sheet, 409, 494 

Chzistiaa names, curious, 77, 168, 178, 836 ; Patience, 
a man*8 name, 168, 356 ; James, before 1258, 308, 
354, 874, 393, 476 ; Bemillion, 449 
''Christianas Great Interest," by Wm. Gathrie, 148 
Christmas, a ghostly season, 501 ; on the Murrum- 

bidgee riyer, 502 ; mistletoe at, 509 
Christmas Eve in a Derbyshire village, 502 
Christmas Folk-lore, 176 
Christmas game, 506 
Christmas luck, 509 
Chnrch floors, sloping, 87, 178, 473 
Church register, curious entry in, 327 
Churches, funeral armour in, 88, 256, 814 ; thatched, 
117, 858 ; *< sepulchre *' in, 148, 338 ; libraries in, 
266, 804, 327, 887 ; portraits in, 347, 544 
Churchill Churdi, Somerset* inscription in, 186, 256 
Churchwardens, female, 58 

Civil Wars, relic of, 206 ; common soldiers during, 309 
C— k (W. W.) on Robert Phaire, 371, 495 

« Thoughts on Nature and Religion," 258 
Clark (J. H.) on John Brecknock, 467 

Dray=Squirrel*8 nest, 78 

Papa and Mamma, 57 

Shakspeare (W.) and Cumberland, 158 

Sheffield of Butterwick, 195 

Stnbbe family, 75 
ClariL (J. W.) on chained libraries, 347 
Clarke or Clark (Jeremiah ),musiciaD, 112, 256, 316, 352 
Clarke (Hyde) on Frisic Guild or Club, 107 

Heraldry, English, 407 

Kangaroo meat, 247 

Matriculation records, 306 

Moore (Frances), 128 

Pattens, men in, 426 

West Indian 8uperstitaon^ 237 
Clarke (Marcus), his death, 280 
Clarke (R. L.) on library at Queen*8 Coll., Oxford, 

441, 461 
Claughtoniensia on earliest inhabitants of Lancashire, 

Ol^gy prohibited by Parliament from wearing fur 

capes, 537 
Clergymen hunting in scarlet, 17 
Cleveland (Thomas, Earlop, his sons, 11, 212, 297,538 
Clk. on Lincolnshire provincialisms^ 154 
Clubs, •*," 367 
Clnnobing, its meaning, 168, 415 
Clyde (Colin Campbell, Lord), his early biography, 247 
Glyne (N.) on Stuart, its pronunciation, 358 

Yene, imitative, 456 
Cobbett (W.), his house at Botley, 249 
Cockle (Sir J.) on Sir L Newton's Treatise on Fluxions, 

Coffee : Fontenelle or Voltaire 1 512 
Coffin, stone, found in the Mersey, 8 
Coffin breastplates, their durabUity, 76, 118, 154, 815 
Coinage, popular names for, 827 
Coins : in ships, 48 ; crown piece designed by Wyon, 
49, 172 ; sixpence of Philip and Muy, 1555, 108 ; 
Manx, 190, 898 ; rixpaiiM of qium, ttlubetl^ 314 ; 

<< error pieoes," 214; lanieated of Napoleon IH., 
289 ; Scotland, Bothwell, Charles II., 308 ; Gnn- 
money, 848, 475 ; with sio mar od, 348, 498 ; 
shiUing of George IH., 1787, 368 ; bawbee^ WiUiam 
and Mary, 389 ; Maundy money, 449 
Cole (Sir U.) on Charles Buller, 449 
ColebrodL (J.) on "As artful as Garrick," 540 

"Playold gooseberry," 54 
Coleman (E. H.) on *' Calling the neck,'' 186 

Emigrants, lists of, 113 

Mortlock Islands, 158 

''Mother Huff Cap," 172 

Noils, its meaning, 74 

Screw propeller, 828 

Stage, deaths on or associated with, 37 

Uglow surname, 177 
Coleman (Thomas), Puritan divine, his biography, 284 
Collins (Frances) on '* Divagations^*' its meaning, 367 
Colman (George), the younger, hia ''Newcastle 

Apothecary," 264, 435 
Cologne, old, tale of, 344, 518 
Colonel, early use of the word, 314, 337, 454 
Colours, literature of, 15, 156, 295, 396, 496 
" Comentary vpon Du Bartas," 155 
Comet, ShakBpeare's reference to, 7 
Comets, superstitions about, 8, 112 
Common Prayer Book of the Church of England, 
Form of Prayer for the " Dreadful Fire in London,** 
349, 394, 497 
Commons House of Parliament, " Members of Parlia- 
ment," pt. il, 6, 36 ; petition to, 1643, 513 
Conservative, introduction of the word, 36 
Constable (J. G.) on *' Panis de hastriuello," 258 
Contrived s= Worn out, 466 
Conundrum, its etymology, 154 
Conyers family of North Yorkshire, 8, 52 
Conz (Charles Philip), German poet, 250, 414 
Cookes (H. W.) on canonization, 230 

Cosin (Bp.), his vestments at Durham, 467 

Eton College Library, 205 

Hymn, " Rock of Ages," 891 

Wesley (John) and the Real Presence, 95 
Coolidge (W. A. B.) on " Imitatio Christi," 246, 358 

Prayer Book, old, 394 

York (CecUy, Duchess of), 397 
Cooper (Isaac), composer of "Farewell to Banff,** 404 
Cooper (John), author, 228 
Cooper (T.) on tobacco smoking in England, 254 

Writing with lemon juice, 395 
Copy, dividing. 510 
Coreto (P.) on Bishop Milner, 408 
Comey (Bolton), his writings and biography, 291, 875 
Cornwall, digest of its Domeeday Survey, 207, 254 
Corporation officers at Appleby, lie, 279 
" Corpus sant," 297, 314 
" Corvum ne vixit," &a, 16, 296 
Coryton (J.) on "Bitter end," 277 
Cosens (F. W.) on " Mercia, a Tale of History," 167 
Cosin (Bp.), his vestmeuts at Durham, 467, 518 
Cotterells, Cotterills, and Cottrells of Cambridge, 884 
Cottingham family. 389 
Cotton (Robert), of Cradley, Worcester, 429 
Cowper (William), the surgeon, 446 
Coxe (Rev. H. O.), his death, 60 
CrMDMc^ boebnitor, 188 t 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 





Gr»wfozd (W.) OB-boyt exeoatad in England, 177 

•'Cretttufeof Ghrkt^" » Imrial entry, 7, 112 

Creech (Thomas), yenes addreMed to, 24 

Cretghton (Dr.), reooUections of, 121 

Creole Folk-lore, 146 

Creyke (Sir Wm.), Knt, of Oothingbam, York, 348 

Cximpeal : Cnim|MaU, origin of the name, 298 

Croft (C. 6 ) on fairs called " Mops," 255 

Crombie (J.W.) on " Horns," the proverbial meaning, 

Ccomwen(T.), his "Fantarie of Idolatries" 227, 294, 
. 896 

Crosby Bavensworth Moor, obelisk on, 329 
Crosoombe, Somerset, Queen Elizabeth's visit to, 207 
Croes, The, birds under, 66, 97 
Croy family, 69, 356 
Cromp (J. H.) on Hamerton, Routh, and Lewen 

families, 208 
Cnckoo Folk-lore, 234, 879 
CniraaB of the Ule Guards, 448 
Comberiand (pseudo-Prinoess of). See Serres, 
Commings (W. H.) on Jeremiah Olarke, 256, 816 

Wesley (Samael), 251 
CmdaU, Yorkshire, its parish registers, 254 
Cnnningham (Mn.), a contemporary of Boms, 47 
Cnpbos^ used in its etymological sense, 157 
<* Corfew Bell," a poem, 513 
CnrU (Edmund), bookseller, 98, 112, 171, 192, 487 
Carsitor (T) cup, 408, 540 
Curtain lectures, origin of the term, 56 
Cutts family, 157, 215 
Catts (J. E. K.) on unregistered brasses, 168 

Sansome surname, 1Q0 

Servants, their marriage and burial, 854 
Cwt. on '*Geoigia Gazette,'* 8 

"Hear the Chnich," 231 
Czar, its orthography, 587 

1>. on '* Fierce as a maggot," 355 

B. (A.) on Bevett of Brandiston, 236 

D. (A. I.) on Irwin fismily, 514 

B. (G.) on " David's Sling against great Goliab," 87 

"Divine Breathings," 876 

Epitaph at St. Peter^s, near Bamsgate, 226 
D. (E. A.) on a Greek proverb, 314 

Hares' brains, 457 

Qnedlinburgh Abbey, 544 
D. (E. H.) on "Any when," 542 

Heraldic anomaly, 415 
D. (E. J.) on Sir William Drury, 101 
D, (E. M.) on "Few broth," 217 

Saactus bell cotes, 438 
D. (E. S.) on Arthur Schopenhauer, 49 
D. (F.) on sloping church floors, 473 

Darvell Gadam, 156 

Prayer Book, old, 497 

"Question Stated," 287 
D. (J.) on Aver-de-poiB, 834 

Christening sheet, 494 

Crunching, its meaning, 415 

Dtowe, its meaning, 498 

English-Latin and La^-English dictionaries, 141 

" Pannes-peece,** its meaning, 855 
D. (W.) on "Hanker," its etymology, 197 

Love as a scoring term, 179 

D. (W. H.) on "Pudding and Tame," 176 

"Rule the ring," 112 
D. (X. P.) en "For the miUion," 472 
Dhd, its etymology, 57 
Damer or Amory fkmily, 227, 398 
Dante (Alighieri), "Inferno,'* v. 137, 25 
Darvell Gadam, his image, 156, 218 
Date, metrical, 67, 134, 194 
"David's Sling against great Ck>liah," 87, 254 
Davies (D.) on Sir David Watkins, 169 
Davies (E. G.) on a bibliophile's grievance, 415 
Davies (T. L. O.) on Carriage^ baggage, 871 

Forrel, its meaning, 898 

Inn as a verb, 858 

Prunella or prandlo, 395 
Dawson (Nancy), her tombstone, 205 
Deane (W.) on thatched churches, 117 

Heraldic queries, 149 
Death, gender of, 117 
Deaths on birthdays, 510 
Deokr= Pack of cards, 509 
Dees (R. R.) on a Leicestershire eobbler, 374 
Defniel on children's minds a sheet of white paper, 257 

Bzta, its derivation, 139 

"Stark naught," 89 
De La Bere fumly of Southam-De La Bece, 888, 436, 

De Lentre, his biography, 109 
Delevingne (H. C.) on Tacitus and Schubert, 406 
Derbyshire village, Christmas Eve in, 502 
Derwent water (Earl of), his book-plate, 285 
Despenser (Hugh) and Earis of Chester, 428 
Dess, its meanings and etymology, 488 
Detraining : Intraining, new words, 247, 454 
Deutschland, a name for Germany, 81 
" Deva's vale " m Thomson's " Castle of Indolence,'* 

69, 275 
" Devil on two sticks," an old game, 29, 131, 175 
"Devil's Drive," an anonymous poem, 89, 132, 417 
Devonshire harvest custom, 186 
"Diane de Poictiers," nude portrait, 68, 255, 319 
"Diary of an Irish (Gentleman," 1761, 808, 473 
Dibdin (Charles), anecdote of, 68, 255, 319 
Dice, ancient, 96, 134 
Dicldnson (John), author of the " Farmer's Letters,^ 

Dictionaries, early English-Latin and Latin-English, 

141, 274 ; early English, 257, 279 
Dictionaries and anecdotes, 429, 520 
Dilke (A. W.) on - Blood-guiltiness," 887 
Dilke (W.) on the Rev. Thomas Broughton, 111 
Diplomacy, Latin in, 128 
Divagation, its meaning, 367 
Dixon (J.) on boys executed in England, 891 

" Licked into shape," 895 

Milton queries, 97 

Swift (Dean), his description of a storm, 404 
Do, the causal, 408 

DobeU (B.)on Colman's *<Newcastie Apothecary," 436 
Dobranich (B. F.) on Cervantes, 457 
Dobson (A.) on " Tom Jones " on the French stage, 
221, 812 

Joke, old, revived, 418 
Dobson (W.) on " King's halves," 435 

Whitaker (Bev. T. D.), 57 C^ ninin]r> 

Digitized by VnOOQ IC 




Index SiiMlctoaBi to Um Ktftotmd 
QiMriet, with So. 106, Jan. ll. 188t. 

DodgsoQ (CharlM), Bp. of Elphia and Bftphoe, 9, 188 
DodgBoii^(£. S.) OQ canonization, 230 

Chineae librariea, 86, 154 

Logfgan (D.), the ariiet, 90 

WUliam of Wykehain, 228, 237 
Dog-rose, lines ou the '< Five Brethren of the Booe," 

78, 199 
Dohnens in Hampshire, 378 
'Donative^ Sir Travers Twiss on, 419, 452 
D'Orey (M.) on the ** Sapernataral Magaxine," 374 
Dorset on Wimbome Minster Library, 205 
Dorset and Staffordshire, their comparative progress, 

119, 135 
Dotterel or Doterel, 49, 93, 216 
Dowling (A. E.) on Trafalgar, its pronunciation, 117 
Drake (Sir Francis), passage in '*The World Snoom- 

passed/* 205 
Drake (H. H.) on Bayenx Tapestry, 245 
Drama^ Scriptural, produced in America, 85, 376 
Dramatic authors, Australian, 62 
Drawing by savages, 488 
Dray=B8quirrers neat, 78, 116, 217 
Dredge (J. I.) on Edmund Curll, 98, 171 

Forrel, its meaning, 813 

" Members of Parliament,** pt. ii., 86 

Montgomery (Alex.), 272 

Murdoch (John), 437 

Servants, their marriages and burial, 354 

Seymour (Rev. Richard), 898 

Sibthorpe (Dr.), his Sermon on Apostolic 
Obedience, 432 

Simpson (Nathaniel), 416 

StreUy=West, 195 
Drinking of healthei, its history, 285 
Drinks, effervescing, 90 
Drowe, its meaning, 828, 478, 498 
Druid on Stonehenge, 428 
Drumreany (Lord), the title, 288, 478 
Drury family, 101, 224, 270 
Drury Lane Theatre pay list, 1773, 125 
Drury (E. J.) on Drury family, 224 
Drury (Sir Wm.) and the Drury family temp. Eliz., 101 
Dryden (John), verses attributed to, 24 
Dulwich Hermit, his biography, 268, 454 
Dunkin (E. H. W.) on NiooU of Hendon, 537 
Dunn (E. T.) on London booksellers and publishers, 55 
Durham University, its fellows, &0., in 1645, 167, 312, 

Dyer (T. F. T.) on Christmas a ghostly season, 501 

Cometii, 3 

Lancashire custom, 6 
Dymood (A.) on Bedford, its etymology, 474 

Inn as a verb, 474 
Dyson (W. C.) on " Throng," its meanings, 417 

E. on Pipley, Derbyshire, 328 

£. (C. J.) on Mistress Gryseacresa, 231 

£. (D. G. C.) on Bella Aqua : Gykring, 537 

Bedford Grammar School, 869 

Centenarianism, 327 

Christian names, 336 

Elvaston or Aylewaston, 521 
E. (E. A.) on De La Bere of Southam-De La Bere, 436 
E. (P. R. S.) on an old Prayer Book, 349 
E. (G. F. a) on " Durance vile," 87 

E. (G. F. 8.) on Honorificabilitudinity, 77 

E. (H.) on Yorkshire poll books, 108 

E. (H. A.) on Briggs pedigree, 429 

E. (H. T.) on GontrivedsWom out, 466 

E. (J.) on Ettioe : EUis, 518 

E. (J. P.) on bell founders at Wellington,' 308 

E. (K. P. D.) on Boston and its people, 6 

Canonization, 146 

Derwentwater (Earl of), his book-plate, 285 

Helpmate : Helpmeet, 195 

Horse committing suicide, 827 

Peers, their signatures, 367 

Sheffield of Buttenrick, 127 

Song, old, 287 
E. (M.) on old times in Massachusetts^ 486 

Rule of the road, 154 
E. (P.) on translation of poem by Prudhomme, 126 
Eagle, its longevity, 266 
Eagle stone, 297 
Earle (J.) on Bible "appointed to be read in churches,*' 

Early English Text Sodety : *' Blickling Homilies," 5 
Barwaker (J. P.) on a gipsy*s inventory, 464 

Southwark : Taylor family, 5 
Easter custom, Italian, 304 
Easter eggs, 308, 478 
Easter emblem, the hare, 388 
Eboracum on Conyers of North Yorkshire, 8 

Montacute (Marquis of), his daughter, 294 
Ecdes (John), of Kildonan, co. Ayr, 148 
Edgcomba (R.) on West*s portrait of Lord Byron, 687 

Louisa (Queen) of Prussia, 485 

Palm Sunday at MissolQpghi, 46 

Vinci (Leonardo da), his '' Last Supper." 389 
Esmonds (George), of Birmingham, politician and 

author, 102, 210, 539 
Edmonds (George), of Penzance and London, author, 

102, 539 
Egypt, painting of the Flight into, 428, 472 
Electricity, stored, first train lighted by, 847 
Elizabeth (Queen) at Croscombe, 207 
EUacombe (H. T.) on steam navigation in 1814, 225 
Ellcee on Boon>days, its meaning, 358 

« Right away." 117 
EUioe : Ellis, origin of the name, 513 
Elliott (Ebenezer) or Montgomery ? 95 
EUis (A. S.) on Cutts family, 215 

Hereward le Wake, 69 

Poll books, 208 

St. Maiigaret*s ChuTohyard, Westminster, 206 

Shakspeare (W.) and Cumberland, 230 
Ellis (G.) on the cuirass of the Life Guards, 448 

Lyceum Theatre token, 187 
Ellis (R. R. W.) on gipsy Carews and Kurus of the 

Mahiibhl&rata, 28 
Elvaston or Aylewaston, its etymology, 521 
Elwall (Edward), the Unitarian, 50 
Elwes (D. G. C.) on Hamerton £unily, 541 

Okely (Francis), 453 
Ely families, 89, 429 
Emigrants, lista of, 67, 112 
England, " the classic land of suicide," 30S| 337, 475 ; 

its topographical nomenclature, 349 
English dictionaries, early, 257, 279 

B ttp pWnMUt to th« Kot«« Bndl 
«, with K*, U6, Jaa. ai. U(tt.i 



iEngluh plabe-Dftmes, propoeed dlotionary of, 92 
£ng»ving of "The Roiail Progenei of oar most 

tiacred KiDg lamee,** 108 
Entidc (John), hia *'JSeyr SpoUing Dictionary,** 269, 


Spigmmi : — 

Augustan, 217 

Banar of St. John*s ColL, Oxford, 299 

EpiKopal wig, 427, 498, 546 

Spitaphs :— 

Joy (Richard), at St. PeterV, near Bam^gate, 226 
"Kind Aagoat guard thia sleeping dust,*' 177 
Latch (Sara), in Charehill Church, 186, 256 
'* Nine months wrought me in the womh,** 286 
" Owen Moore has gone away,'* 94 
Pembroke (Mary, Counten of), 185, 175, 257 
Seymour (Lady Elizabeth), 466 
Turner (Bachard), at Preeton. 897, 456 
"Underneath this stone doth Ue,*' 8, 135, 175,257 
« With sweat and toil long have I tilled,** 286 

Bpitaphs, books o^ 94, 177 

Eques on Sir Richard Whittington, 825, 430 

Biekmann-C^trian, **Le Joif Polonals," Acte i. 
8C 7, 28 

Esher, derivatioik of its name, 196 

'* Essay on Quackery" quoted, 510 

Este on booksellers' catalogues, 45 
Gray (T.), his "Elegy," 16 
Ion ai a verb, 69 
Scribe nied as a Terb, 543 
Spalding Priory, 94 
8taffi>rd (Capt.), 436 
Tobacco smoking in England, 166 

Eitoclet (A.) on ** Cheese it," 38 
Huxleys, a Dlace-name, 520 
Knock, in ptaoe-names, 317 
WargraYe, its etymology, 232 

IKon College Library, 1, 22, 41, 61, 81, 205 

Etonensis on Hughenden= Uitchenden, 138 

Evans family of Portsea, 389 

Evans (Dr. Abel), epigram on, 299 

Evans (H. C.) on Bonython &mily, 455 

" Evil One,** in the Lord's Prayer, 94 

Exeter (Henry de Holand, last DukeoO, 107 

Exta, ito derivation, 139 

Eyes, different coloured, 807 

Eythin on a Protestant Indulgence, 516 

Eyton (Robert W.), his death, 240; letter to the 
Master of the I^lls, 444 

F. on " Grey mare the better horse," 256 
F. (F.) on royal salutes, 158 
F. (F. J.) on *S Lengthy " and " Strengthy,'* 406 
F. (J. T.) on ashes made of palms, 855 

Oosin (Bp.), his vestmentp, 518 

Hair dressed on lead, 337 

Psalms,, metricat, 1 1 

St. Brandan, 14 
F. (R. H. C.) on Albini and Mowbray families, 114 

Peterborough Abbey, 216 
F. (T. F.) on theatre illumination, 326 
F. (W. 2) on fern ashes and lichen, 385 
F. ( W. G. D.) on EarlM^ Chester and Hugh Despenser, 

F. (W. G. D.) on Fletcher family, 392 

Loughborough Church, 445 
Faa family, &c.,. 248, 381 
Fairfax family of Barford, 48 

Fairfield (A. R.) on Theophiluf, biographer of Justi- 
nian, 188 
Fairfowl (or Fairfoul) fomily, 78 
Fairs called " Mopi», *' 64, 265 ; provincial, 235, 295, 880 
Fall family of Dunbar, 248, 331 
Fallow (T. M.) on a Protestant Indulgence, 514 
Fama on statue in quadrangle, Brasenose Coll., 517 
Fans, Japanese, in London, 187 
Fasting woman of the ISth century, 27 
Feathers, superstitions about, 236 
Federer (C. A) on Manzoni*8 ''Promessi Sposl,"94 

Proverbial expressions, 51 
Fencing match in Maryleboue Fields, 1714, 445 
Fenton (Elijah), his translation of Oppian, 429 
Fenton (G. L.) on Rommany, its etymology, 513 

Thackeray (W. M.) and Havelock, 507 
Ferguson (Robert), *' the plotter,** 428 
Fergusson (A.) on '* Blue Bonnets over the Border," 

Brose, its etymology, 214 

Campbell (Tho'mas). 48 

Drury Lane Theatre, relic of, 125 

Overslaugh, its meaning, 336 

Rat-ryme, its meaning, 128 

Rule of the road, 416 

St. Baldred of the Bass. 105 

Yule, a Scotch origin of, 508 
Fern ashes, their use, 208, 384 
" Few broth," a provincialism, 33, 217 
ffoliiot or Foliot family, 835 
Fiddlededee, origin of the word, 447 
Field-names, Yorkshire, 105, 317 ; Lincolnshire, 428 
Field (Walter), hia "Come unto these yellow sands," 

Fielding (Henry), "Tom Jones *' on the French stage^ 

221, 292, 312 
Fife earldom, 53, 98, 152, 418, 456 
** Fight at Dame Europa*s School," and literature 

connected with it, 241, 281, 842, 401, 531 
Fiii, greeting the new moon in, 67 
Finkel, a place-name, 166, 356, 457 
Fish-hooks, flint and mother-o*-pearl, 467 
Fishing proverbs, 467 
Fishwiok (H.) on Brodbelt family, 188 

Death, prescience of man condemned to, 827 

Ballyweil (Henry), 458 

Hinde (Rev. Nathaniel), 448 

S. (J.) of " The True Art of Angling," 451 

Theatres lighted with gas, 867 
Fitz Hardmg (Robert), his father, 374 
Fitz-Henry on prices of various articles, 108 
Fitzberbert's " Natura Brevium,** 289 
FitzPatrick (W. J.) on Lord Clyde, 247 
Flagon, Bonython, 491 
Flamingo, its etymology, 155 
Fletcher family, 892 

Flirtation, origin of the word, 326, 373, 412 
Florentine henddry, 148 
" Florilegium Reoovatum et Auctum," 489 
Fly-leaf inscriptions, 165 
Folger or Foulgier family. 447 

Digitized by 




Folk-lore :— 

Apples, 55, 67 

Bees informed of a deftth, 357. 874, 416, 496 ; 
ewarmiog, 396 

Biter bit, 407, 544 

Cat, "tender," 486 

Chriitmas, 176, 509 

Ghnrch-bell ringing, 307 

Consumption, American onre for, 446 

Cowslips and primroses, 279 

Creole, 146 

Cackoo, 284, 879 

Deatb, prescience of man condemned to^ 327 

Eagle stone, 297 

Earwigs and herrings, 308 

Eggs and egg-shells, 307, 478 

Feathers, 286 

Fits, core for, 106, 857, 895 

Friday unlneky for marriages, 98 

Ghosts in New Zealand, 447 

Guernsey, 535 

Hares' brains, 406, 457 > 

Jewish charm, 510 

Medicine, Chinese, 485 

Moon, new, in Fiji, 67 ; poiifted at, 407 

Kegro, 534 

Northamptonshire, 209 

Philippine or philippina, 1 74 

Pins and needles, or cramp, cure for, 74 

Scorpion plants, 505 

Snakes, Irish charm against, 805, 459 

Sneezing in the Pacific islands, 27 

Toadstools, 451 

Toothache, cure for, 107 

Weather sayings, 220 

West Indian, 165, 237 

Womta and wine, 286, 334, 39($ 

Yorkshire, 47 
Folk-lore, collection of, 484 
Fonts, buried, 87 

Forman (U. B.) on Geo. Felton Mathew, 128 
Forrel, its derivation and meaning, 272, 818, 398 
Forsyth (Joseph), his memoir, 249 
Forthlot or Forlot, its meaning, 17, 337 
Fotheringhay, "Perio " at, 607 
*' Fourth estate," origin of the term, 428 
Fowke (F. R.) on heraldic queries, 112, 231 

Stow (T.), line engraver, 521 
Fowler of Abbey Cwm Hir, 512 
Fourier (T.) on Shaftesbury's V"Enquiiy," 807 
France, genealogy in, 228, 414 
Francis (John), for fifty years publisher of the 

Franciscans in Scotland, 388, 482, 457, 497 
Eraser (6.) on Tarragona Cathedral, 168 
Fraeer (W.) on " By Jingo,*' 114 

Chess, game related to, 448 

Newton (Sir Isaac), 177 

Treason, high, 173 
" Free trade," origin of the phrase, 887, 548 
Freelove (W.) on books printed before 1550, 457 

Index, novel, 542 

Meriton (6.), author, 249 

Penn (William), 194 

Portraits in ohnrehes, 544 

Freelove (W.) on queries by Jeremy Taylor, 116 

Wind, its mispronunciation, 233 
Freemasonry in the 15th century, 446 
Freemasons, name applied to, 587 
Frisio Guild or Club suggested, 107, 126, 147, 847 
Frost (J.) on *< Beauty Shearer,'^ 209 
Fry (F.) on Bible " appointed to be read in chnrches^*^ 

24, 130 
Funeral armour in ohurohes, 88, 256, 314 

G. (A. F.) on Hathelsey, its locality, 889 

G. (B. B.) on Rice : Rise, 418 

G. (B. L.) on sloping church floors, 87 

G. (H. L. L.) on an engraving, 108 

G. (J.) on M8S. of Boms, 185 ; his portrait, 475 

G. (J. H.) on "SpacV its meaning, 388 

G. (J. M.) on Sir Richard Whittington, 869 

G. (R. H.) on Milton queries. 111 

Self-opiiuateda=^lf-opinioned, 188 
G. (T. C.) on superstitions about feathers, 286 
Gadam (Darvell), his image, 156, 218 
Gallows or Gallons^ slang word, its origin, 227, 395 
Gant (Alice de. Countess of Lincoln), her chevrons, 212 
Gantillon (P. J. F.) on Christian names, 77 

Gipsy bibliography, 471 

Literaiy omnddence, 486 

"Mother Huff Cap," 178 

mronsen first worn in England, 316 
Gardiner (Wm.), author of *< Music of Nature^'* 

148, 374 
Garibay (Estevan), Spanish author, 98, 217 
Garrick (David), his social life and politics, 74 
Grascoigne (Adm. John), his family, 269 
Gasooigne (N.), brother of the Chief Justice, 249 
Gatty (A.) on birthplace of George III., 207 

•< Melodious days," 467 

Tennyson (A.) and Richter, 435 
Gatty (C. T.) on Liveipool societies, 467 
Gazel=:Blaok currant tea, 512 
Genealopy in France, 228, 414 
Generations, seven, 6 
Genius defined by Bulwer, 513 
Grentleman : "God alone can make a gentleman," IDS 
George III., his birthplace, 207, 250, 279 ; sUnsas 

on, 408 
George (W.) on the siege of Chepstow, 855 
Georges (Madame), alleged centenarian, 808 
" Georgia Gasette," 8 
German Church, Trinity Lane, 489 
German militaiy service custom, 267 
German « Volksbuoh," 585 
Germany, why so oalled, 81 
Ghetto, its e^rmology, 65, 255 
Ghosts, great men fislievera in, 307, 856 
Gibltto, its locality, 58 
Gibraltar, its pronunciation, 116 
Gibraltar queries, 153 
Gill-house, in Pope's "Dunciad," 389, 471 
Gipsy bibliography, 264, 470 

Gipsy Carews and the Kums of the Mahllbh^Grata, 28 
Gipsy inventory, 1627, 464 
GisBing(A. F.) on Ladykeys=:CoW8lipe, 57 

Southey (Robeii), 267 
GlaaviIle.RiBharda( W. U. 8.) on the namo Howard, 206 

Suffolk earldom^ 868 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 



GlMtonbuy, tlw ** town of odu," 829 

Glendower (Owen), his brotiier, 309 

GloaowteiBhire dialect, 90 

GMdby fatmij, 288, 378 

Gob, iu meuung, 512 

G<>datoiie, its dwnge of name^ 287, 459 

Goethe (JT. W. yon), Ajirter's tnuulation of "Fftiut,*' 

149, 334 
Going-off Glnbe^ 367 
«< Golden Legend," edit of 1508, 447 
Goldnnitha, Irish, 268 
Gomme (Altoe B.) on "Any when," 367 
Gomme (G. L.) on Lsres-oroft, pUce-name, 308 

Work songs, 238 
Gosden, antiquarian artist, 328 
Gosfteld Hall, mantel-piece at, 227 
GoBselin (H.) on Benedictine burial, 428 

Churai floor, sloping, 37 

Cnckoo Folk-lore^ 234 

Sanctos bell ootes, 434 

SpaiTOw bottle^ 109 
Gotch (J. A.) on Roshton Hsll, 510 
Omits, its meaning, 109, 318 
Gradwell (R.) on GreUe, Gresley, GradweU, 305 
Graham (M. H. N.) on a market cross, 128 
Grant (CoL), sale of his library, 360 
" Grasaam and toist^** its meaning, 250, 453 
Grayes (A.) on Thomas Clement Thompson, 413 

Wigstead (H.), etching by, 396 
Grayes (Capt. Thomas), R.N., his family, 408, 540 
Gray (G. I.) on R. and Wm. Hawes, 189 

" Knight's Quarterly Magazine," 261 

Latin- Bngli^ dictionaries, 275 
Gray (J. W.) on ffolliot or Toliot family, 835 
Oray (Thomas), Ma of his ** Elegy," 16 ; its first pub- 

lication, t5. 
Gray's Inn, tithes paid by, 269 
Greek pioyerb, 209 
Green Bag, its contenti, 71 
Oreen (B.) on a Basilican rite, 167 

Wesley (Samuel), 147 
Green (F.) on '< To " in tradesmen's bills, 277 
Green (J.) on the episcopal wig, 546 

Verae, imitatiyey 417 
Greenfield (B. W.) on Sir James LuUrall, 215 

Vernon family arms, 232 

Whitmore-Jones fiaadly, 279 
Greenwich, Sast^ manor of, 89 
Grepson (W.) on Sir George Griffith, 541 
Greile, Gresley, Gradwell, surname and fiimily, 305 
Grellier family, 227 

Greyndonr (Sir John), his biography, 511 
Griffith (Sir Geo.), Knt., circa 1515, 348, 452, 541 
Groome (F. H.) on Falls of Dunbar, 248 

Gipsy bibUography, 264, 470 
Groome (R. H.) on Anne Boleyn's heart, 326 
Groyer family arms, 190 

Gfyseaeress (Mistress), 1469-70, 127, 195, 281, 296 
Guems^ Folk-lora, 535 
Guffin, its mesaing and deriyatton, 115, 417 
Gnillbrd (Horace), anther of « Manorial Azchiveik*' 208 
Gun, prefix to place-names, 94, 417 
Gmidred de Warreo, her parantage, 96, 181 
Chmnevsbniy, origin of the name, 127 
Gamey (Tliomas), his ped^racj, 212 

Guthrie ( Wm.), author of <* The Christian's Great In* 

terest," 143 
Guy (R.) on two proyerbe, 414 
Gwynne (Horace), author of *<Abdallah," 169 
G^ne (Nell) at MiU Hill, 48, 236 ; did she liye at 

6, PaU ]Mall Place! 88, 152, 213, 257 
Gykring, its locality, 537 

H. (A.) on accumulated book-plates, 16 

Death, gender of, 117 
H. (0. F.) on Bunker's Hill, 256 

Shakspeariana, 443 

Sopenor, use of the word, 238 
H. (C. J.) on Cheyne, its pronunciation, 417 

Hereward le Wake, 456 

Wray^Udall, 429 
H. (E.) on " Deyil on two sticks," 29 
H. (E. D.) on Rey. R. W. Eyton, 444 
H. (E. H.) on Gloucestershire dialect, 90 
H. (G. F.) on BarberSuigeons' Hal), 219 
H. (G. H.) on Hicks of Bodmin, 367 
H. (H. G.) on " Intellectual/' its meaning, 451 

Mary, Queen of Scots, 196 
H. (H. P.) on ** When I left thy shores," 149 
H. (J.) on Talk-o'-the-HU), 521 
H. (J. C.) on Boccaccio's " II Decameron," 332 
H. (J. J.) on Vinall of Rutland, 348 
H. (J. R.) on " Few broth," 33 
H. (J. T.) on Thomey Abbey, 378 
H. (L. L.) on Thomas Gumey, 212 
H. (M. A.) on a bobbin of thread, 176 
H. (S. H. A.) on seryants of good iiamily, 216 
H. (T. B.) onOolman's '< Kewcastle Apothecary," 435 
Haig (G. R.) on " To " in tradesmen's bills, 277 
Haig (J. R) on AMoan ciyilization, 88 

Mum, receipt for, 376 

Toads, are th^poisonous ? 429 
Hailstone (£.) on Whig and Tory, 403 
Hair dressed on lead, 33, 337 
Han mark, silyer, 328, 372 
Hall (A.) on Brasenose College^ its name, 542 

Tennis, its etymology, 90 
Hallywell (Henry), minister of Ifield, 377, 458 
Hallywell (Henry), yicar of Cowfold, 377, 458 
TTalilhitTn fMuily, 198 
Hamerton family, 208, 349, 541 
Hamilton (Lady AugusU), " Marriage Rites," 57 
Hamilton (Wm. Grerard), '' Single-Speech," a Junius 

claimant^ 425 * 

Hamlet a woman, 307 
Hampshire, dolmens in, 378 
Handley (H.) on Crosby Rayenswortji Moor, 329 
Hanker, its deriyation, 197,' 233 
Hankin (G. W.) on Perrot barony, 189 
Hansaker family, 536 
Hard, a pier or landing-place, 38 
Harding (Robert fits), his father, 374 
Hardman (J. W.) on epitaph in Churchill Church, 186 

Clergy prohibited from wearing for, 537 
Hardres, sate of Boulogne at, 74 
Hardy (W. J.) on Lord Hussey and the lancolnshire 

rebellion, 529 
Hare, Baron of Coleraine, 536 
Hare an Easter emblem, 388 

H«^(G.j.)«a«.g.^W^|«««^y (Google 



f Inaex SvMtomnit to th« VtUa m4 
I Qa«rt«i, wiUk Ntt. 1U8, Jan. fli, !«•*. 

^Harrifl (J.) on "Deva's vale," 275 ' 
Harrison family of Norfolk, 26, 66 
Harriaon (a ;B.) on " Right away." 176 
Barrison (W.) on Manx coinage, 393 
Hartley (J.) on John Eocles, of Kildonan» 148 
Hartop (Jonathan), a centenarian, 266 
Hartahome (A.) on coffin breaatplates, 118 

Heart, enshrined, 189 

LnttreU (Sir James), 187 

Mitchell (John), dockmaker, 370 

Okehampton Castle, " Captiyns " of, 148 

Poker drawings, 398 

Poll books, 477 

Tallies, reckoning by, 492 

Thorpe (John), architect, 216, 289 
Harvest, "laigesse" at. 193 
Harvest customs, 127, 186, 218 
Harvesters, muzzled, 406 
Hat, billy-cock, 98 
Hathelsey, its localitv, 389, 472 
Hats worn at table, ftc, 816 
Haunted houses, 214 
Hautbarge on Hamerton &mily, 349 

Place-names, 94 

Thorald, the sheriff, 488 
Havelock (Sir Henry), unpublished letter by, 507 
Havering>atte-Bower, its corporation officers, 279 
Hawes (R.), printer, 1774, 189 
Hawes (William), bookseller, 1705, 189 
Haydn (Joseph), his house in Bigh Holbom, 200; 

his ** Creation," 258 
Haynes (H. W.) on " Inveni portum," 76 
Hazlebeach Church, buried fonts at, 87 
Health drinking, its history, 285 
Heaphy (T. F.), author of "Mr. H/s Own Nanr». 

tive," 508 
'* Hear the Church," sermons on the text, 231 
Heart, enshrined, 189, 355 

Heber (Reginald), 1751, 449 • 

Hector (Edmund), friend of Dr. Johnson, 149 
Heideggre (J. J.), in Pope*s "Dundad," 389, 471 
Heigham, place-name, its derivation, 409 
Beine (H.), passage in "English Fragments," 510 
Belle (Robert), an "English baron," 318, 357 
Belpmate: Belpmeet: Helpmake, 146, 195, 237 
Bemeralopia and nyctalopia, their meaning, 162 
Bems (B.) on coffin breastplates, 76, 315 

New Year's Eve, wind on, 535 

Rood screens, 450 

"Shake a leg," 214 
Benbury (H.) on '< Fight at Dame Europa's School," 

Hendriks (F.) on a tale of old Cologne, 344 

Dorset and Staffordshire, 135 

Mills (John), F.R.8., 18 L 
Henfrey (B. W.), his death, 260 ; on crown piece, 172 

Florentine heraldry, 148 

Numismatic query, 214 

Taylor (Bp.), his ** Worthy Communicant," 88 
Henry VI., his proposed canonization, 146, 1 75, 229, 276 
Henry YIII. and Luther, 25 ; and the farmers, 409 
Henslowe (Philip), forged entries in his diary, 103 
Benson (T. W.) on Stepony ale, 155 
" Bep 1 " the Jewish war-cry. 346 
Bepaticus 6n a cure for fits, 357 

Beraldio : Arg., a tree erAdioated Sn pale ppr., fte., 
112;0r,a stagtrippantgu., 149,838; 8a.,threescaling 
ladders arg., Ac., 149, 383 ; Gu., thre« chevrons arg., 
149, 388; Gru., a chevron erm., 149, 884 ; Arg., a 
stag oonchant gu., 149, 884 ; Porp., six plates, 8, 2, 
and 1, ftc, 149 ; Arg., three eaglets displayed 
purp., 149, 884 ; Saltire engrailed between ■ foot 
cinquefoils, 447 ; Bear squatting under a tree, 468. 
Beraldic anomalies, 247, 809, 872, 415 
Beraldio query, 231 

Beraldry, Florentine, 148; English, 407 
Beroules, Gallic or Celtic, 169, 190, 297 
Hereward le Wake, his &ther, 9, 69, 186, 45^ 
Bermentrude on Beauchamp pedigree, 88 

Bpurchier (Sir James), 277 

Exeter (Henry de Boland, Duke oQ, 107 

"Few broth," 83 

GryseaoresB (Mistress), 127 

Luttrell or Loterel (Sir James), 8 

Penrith Church, 69 

Stalwart, and other obsolete words, 528> 
Berrings, salted, 406, 472, 524 
Bessian boots, 139 
Beydon family, 289, 458 
Bibberd (Shirley) on scorpion plants, 505 

" Such which " in Chatioer, 414 

Tourist wit, 218 
Bibemicus on Surrey words, 176 
Bicks of Bodmin, the " Yoriok of the West," 867 
Bicks (J. P.) on the rule of the road, 85 
Bickson (M. A.)on *' Grey mare the better horse," 31<^ 
Hieroglyphic Bible, 29, 200 
Bigh (W. P.) on the derivation of Beigham, 409 
BilliardMnerke, 2i69 

Binde (Rev. Nathaniel), LL.K, his descendants, 449 
" Bip, hip, hurrah ! " its derivation, 346 
Bippocrates of Chiofl^ 298 
Birondelle on genealogy in France, 414 

Irish goldsmiths, 258 

Poll books, early, 488 
" Bistorical and Political Mercury," 188 
Bn. (F. H.) on Wareham, 277 
Bolgate (C. W.) on agricultural implements, 445 
Bolland (R.) on provincial fairs, 285 

Barvest customs, 218 

LadykeyssCowslips, 57 

Loggan (D.), artist^ 332 

Papa and Mamma, 896 

Piepowder Court, 330 
Holmes (John), master of Holt School, his works, 404 
Holmes (R. R.) on dated bookplates, 486 
Bolpen, modern use of the woni, 35 
Bolt, in place-names, 156, 234 
Boly Land, books on travels in, 104, 124, 144, 200 ; 

photographs of, 349 
Bonorificabilitudinity, 29, 55, 77, 418, 473 
Book or Books family, 469 

Book (Dean) and Evangelioalism, an unpublished 
letter, 65 ; his sermon on *' Hear the Church," 231 
Booke (Robert), architect, 341, 415 
Booley (James), of Woodthorpe, 37 
Booper (J.) on ** Antimony," its etymology, 866 

<* Ass laden with books," 217 

Baddow, Vicar of, 513 

English dictionai^^ifljI^^^^OOgle 

<tMllH, vttk K* !««, J»a» n, ISM. / 

I N D E X. 


Hoeper (J.) on imizded bftiresters, 406 

'* Hip, hip, humh ! " and <* Hep ! " 846 

Hononficabilitudinity, 29 

Jemmem and wigs, 76 
Hooper (B.) on Wolsey^a dying ezdamation, 508 
Hope (K. G.) on Cambridge M.P.», 176 

Manchetloaf, 496 
Honiea, Piokering's diamond edit., 86, 875^ 474 
** Hone B. Yirginis," its Engliab translation, 407 
Horn " wound," for winded, 89, 298, 416 
HoniB) proverbial meaning, 468 
Horse oommitting suicide, 827, 478 
Hoise-courser, its meaning, 886, 493 
Horseshoes at Oakham Castle^ 17 
Hoekins (E.) on Iwarby family, 287 
Hotten (J. C), his <' Library lUustratiTe of Social 

Progress," 214 
*' Hours of Befiedion on Horror and Pleasure,*' 869 
"House of CorrectioD," a tavem sign, 217 
Houses, old, with secret chambers, 116, 217; 

haunted, 214 
How <J.) on Nell Gwynne, 257 
Howard, origin of the name, 206, 277 
Howitt (Ricuitfo;, orother of William Howitt, 448 
H..P. (J. O.) on ** Creature of Christ," 7 
Hoghenden=Hitohendon, 86, 188, 295 
Hughes (T. C.) on John Wesley's Books, 29 
HnndKd : " OUier half hundred," 536 
Hunt (Thomas), his "Hours of Befleotion," 369 
Hunter (John) and Cheselden, 166 
Huntingdon (Bobert), D.D., Bp. of Baphoe, 85 
Hussey (John, Lord) and Linoolnshire rebellion, 529 
Htttt (A. G.) on births, marriages, and deaths, 285 

BngUnd, ''the ob»ssio Und of suicide," 387 
Hux (T. J.) on Bobert Hooke, architect, 841 
Huxley (Prof.), his controversy with Owen, 188 
Huxley s, place-name, its derivation, 809, 520 
Hyde Park, monolith in, 49, 172 
Hyden, Heyden, Heydon family, 289, 458 
Hylton (Lord) on the earliest raUway, 374 
Hymnology : ** Bock of Ages," 54, 391, 477 ; <' Adeste 
f ideles/' 111 ; collections of psalms and hymns, 264 
Hynd, its meaning, 806 

L (B,) on a bobbin of thread, 138 

I. (C. M.) on Antiquarians Antiquary, 809 

Books, '< foxed " plates io, 96 

Charles I. and Shakspeare, 465 

Deaths on birthdays, 510 

^ Faust," translation of, 834 

Helpmate : Helpmake, 237 

Owen tf. Huxley, 188 

Shelley (Peroy Bysshe), 211, 246, 845 

Stalwart, and other obsolete words, 815 

Stretch-legsDeath, 97 

Tennysoniana, 163 

Univeisity towns, 328 
1, (0. 8.) on the pronunciation of Kerr, 255 
L (J. H.) on Peter Beckford, 267 

Chatterton (T.), his portrait, 108 

Hyden family, 289 

Shakspeare queries, 108 
Tden fitmily, oo. Kent, 108 
Ifield, Sussex, its history, 48, 152, 216 
" Imitatio Christi," ito author, 246, 885> 358 

*<lDcomparable Jewell," a sermon, 1682, 512 
Index, novel, 366, 541 

Indulgence, Protestant, of the 17th century, 464, 514 
Inferior, use of the word, 288 
Infernal, used as an intensative, 318, 357 
Ingleby (C. M.) on '* Hamlet " edited by Hughs, 37r» 

Henslowe (Philip), his diary, 103 

" Mystery of Hamlet," 424 

Staunton (Howard), 263 

Trinity College bowling green, 186 
Inglis (G.) on Bobert Barni>, 9 
Inglis (R.) on Australian dramatic authors, 62 

** Blishs," a drama, 409 

Howitt (Richard), 448 

" Joseph and hia Brethren," 427 
Ingram (J. H.) on Stuarts and pseudo-StuartP, 185 
Inland, provincial use of the word, 7, 113, 175 
Inn, as a verb, 69, 312, 358, 474, 545 
Tntelleotual, its meaning, 248, 451 
Intraining : Detraining, new words, 247, 454 
Inventory, temp, Edward VI., 168 ; gipsy's, 1627, 464 
Investigat<ir on MacCarihy's " History," 47 
Ireland, that unhappy land, 208 ; to be conquered 

" every fifty yean^," 409, 440 
Ireland (A.) on Thomas Carlyle, 201 
Irish and English, marriage prohibited between, 488 
Irish goldsmiths, 258 
Irish manufacturers, 247 
Irish marriage settlement, 78 
Irving (Washington), his portraits, 447, 400, 524 
Irwin family, 514 
Italian relii^ious festivals, 804 
Ivatts (W. P.) on Talk-o'-the-Hill, 521 
Ivon on fern ashes and lichen, 208 
Iwarby family, 138, 237 
Izard surname, its origin, 197 

J. (A.) on John Dry den, 24 

J. (C.) on Patience, a man's name, 856 

J. (C. J.) on ** Diary of an Irish Gentleman," 47$ 

J. (C. 8.) on Blairquhan, its etymology, 294 

J. (D.) on Southwark antiquities (?), 107 

J. (F. W.) on Malkin as a surname, 426, 546 

Woodsome Hall, portraits at, 486 
J, (J. C.) on " Hor« B. Virginis," 407 

Si^cribes, ignorant, 306 
J. (J. J.) on Mrs. Philadelphia Saunders, 217 
*' Jack run i' country,'* name for bindweed, 167 
Jackson (A. G.) on portraits wanted, 227 
Jackson (B.) on an anonymous sonnet, 546 
Jsckson (C.) on " Spac*," its meaning, 545 
Jackson (F. M.) on hymn *' Bock of Ages," 54, 477 
Jackson (J. B.) on fern ashes and lichen, 334 

Puker drawings, 398 
Jackson (W. F. M.) on " Hanker," its etymology, 238 

Lesiingham, co. York, 389 
Jacobite relic, 463 

James, the name, before 1258, 308, 354, 374, 393, 47^ 
James I., engraving of bis " Boiail Progenei,** 1U8 
James If., his half-crowns, 348 
James (K. K.) on Brissel cock : Turkey, 298 

•* Diane de Poictiers," 319 

James, the name, before 1258, 476 

•' Menagiana," 469 ^ # ^Xr^T^ 

^ Digitized by LnOOgle 




QntrlM, with No. 19$, Juu <1. IStt. 

JamM (R. N.) on deBign by lUplMel, 426 

Titian, lines on sketcli by, 166 

YeroneM (Paol), lines on hit worku, 509 
Japaneoe fiuis in London, 187 
Japanese plays, 206 
Janris (J. W.) on an edition of Burns, 168 

Shakspeare (W.), his "Hamlet," 225, i87 
Jaydee on '' All my body is face," 498 

« Bitter end," 288 

EpiUphs, book of, 94 

John Doiy, 545 

MaoanUy (Lord), 166, 190 

Qaedlinbiugh Abbey, 544 

Rice : Bise, 58 

WUlde (Sir D.), " Qaeen Anne's first Gonndl," 6 
Jenner (Dr. E.), nnpublished letter of, 534 
Jennet, its etymology, 288 
Jerram (C. S.) on " Basket,** »n old word, 13 

" Oorvum ne ▼ixit,'* &c., 16 

Dad, its etymology, 57 

Largesse as a mMiem word, 193 

Milton queries, 75 

Stretoh-leg==Death, 34 
Jessopp (A.) on a relic of Thomas k Becket, 535 

Heydon fiunily, 458 

James, the name, before 1258, 393 

Largesse as a modern word, 194 

London booksellers and publishers, 4 

Townshend family, 301 
Jew, WanderiD^f, his history, 204, 435 
Jewesses and wigs, 76 
Jewish charm, 510 
Jingo : By Jingo, 114, 179 
John Dory, in Dryden's '* Young Statesman," 545 
Johnson (Maggoty), jester, his tomb, 513, 546 
Johnston (A. St.) on the new moon in Fiji, 67 . 

Pacific islands Folk-lore, 27 
Johnston (J. B.) on the name James before 1258, 808 
Joke, old, reyived, 225, 398, 418 
Jonas (A. C.) on ** Blue Bonnets over the Border," 392 

Bourchier (Sir James), 175 

Brissel cock : Turkey, 298 

Burial on Sunday in Scotland, 188 
" Christian's Great Interest," 148 
Frandsoans in Scotland, 497 

VTandering Jew, 435 

Wentworth (Lords) of Nettlested, 212 
" Whole Duty of Man," 235 
Jones (W.) on the Milky Way, 540 
Jones (W. S.) on Lyceum Theatre token, 393 
Medal of Martin Luther, 8 
Numismatic queries, 109, 289, 808, 848, 368, 

889, 449 
Knmismatios, works on, 426 
Theatre illumination, 478 
Jordans, pilgrimage to, 45, 194 
Joseph (G. Francis), Dublin portrait painter, 349, 541 
Joy (F. W.) on " Jack run i^ country,** 167 
Joy (Richard), his epitaph, 226 
Junius and " Single-Speech " Hamilton, 425 
Juryman, famous, 286 
Justinian I., his tutor and biographer, 188 • 

K. (0. L.) on a portrait of Shakspeare, ,%69 
E. (a S.) on Cottingfaam fSunily, 389 

K. (H.) on women and wine, 236 
K. (M. D.) on "King's halves,*' 249 
Seal of the Knighta Tempbws, 237 
Turner (Riduurd) and teetotalism, 456 
K, (W.) on ohuroh-bell iing;ing folk-lore^ 307 

St. Spithlin, 168 
K (Y. A.) on Forrel, its meaning, 273 
Kalendar. See Calendar. 
Kangaroo meat in London, 247, 895 
Karkeek (P. Q) on Intraining : Detraining, 247 
Kelly (M.) on Mrs. Philadelphia Saunders, 217 
Kelly (E. J.) on " Come across," 894 
Kemp (Card.), o6. 1454, 148 
Kermode (W.) on "Treasurie of Aunnient and Modeme 

Times," 249 
Kerr, its pronunciation, 69, 255, 279, 836, 475, 523 
Kerr (H.) on the pronunciation of Kerr, 523 
Kerslake (T.) on Papa and Mamma, 896 

Raleigh (Sir W.)i " History of the World.** 114 
King family of Edwardstone, co. Suffolk, 28 
King (H.) on King family of Edwardstone, 28 
King (W. L.) on Playne and Iden famiUes, 108 

Poll books, early, 433 
"King's halves," schoolboy's phrase, 249, 435 
Kirk (Q.) on engraving of the Mater Dolorosa^ 269 
Kirkland (W.) on agricultural depression, 535 
Knareaborough (Mr.), his manuscripts, 468 
Kneb worth parish registers. 6, 112 
Knight (J.) on '*Nipotismo di Boma," 1667, 28 

Villon (Fran9oi8), 353 
" Knight*s Penny Magazine," its brief career, 455 
« Knight's Quarterly Magazine," ita contributors, 

261, 455 
Knighthood by Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 287, 832 
Knights Templars, their seal, 196, 237 
Knock, in place-names, 156, 234, 817 
Krebs (Augusta) on cuckoo folk-lore, 234 
Krebs (H.) on Boccaccio's *' H Decameron," 882 

Conz (Carl Philip), 414 

Latin MS. of the New Testament, 246 

Manzoni (A.), his << Promesn Sposi," 94 

Medal of Luther, 187 

Micah iv. 8 (Luther's version), 453 
Kurus of the Mahi£bh&rata, 28 

L. (A. E. L.) on the siege of Chepstow, 307 

LitUeton (Rev. Westcot). 449 

Somerset (Sir Charies), 329 
L. (0.) on Philadelphia Saunders, 167, 437 

Seal on back of a picture, 190 
L. (J.) on Moseley family, 289 
L. (R. A.) on Valley of Bocks at Lynton, 49 
L.-A. (J. H.) on Archer of Welland, 68 
Labourer defined, 468 
Lach-Szyrma (W. 8.) on the title Czar, 537 

Easter eggs, 308 

Wedding cups, 249 

Wedding songs, 348 
Lacombe (Pj on Paris and London in 1665, 147 
Ladykeys=Cowslip», 57, 78, 215 
Lake sounds, mysterious, 198 
Lamb (Charles), criticisms on a MS. poem, 228, 863 
Lambeth Palace called Cant. House. 268 
Lancashire, a modem shire, 88, 184 ; ita earliest in- 
hnbitant^ 148, 817 , ^ ^^ i ^ 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 



lADOMhire custom, 6 

LttMsaater (Joseph) and Dr. Bell, 17, 155, 295, 351 

Lftngtton (F. W.) on Sunael Butler's house, 387 

Lmres-oroft, place-name, its derivation, 808, 494 

Largesse, as a modem word, 193 

Latin in diplomacy, 128 

Latin-English dictionaries, early, 141, 274 

Latinity, monumental, 387, 548 

Latfing (J. J.) on Folj^er or Foulgier family, 447 

Lawranoe (Miss), her writings, 208, 254 

Leal : " Land o' the leal," 118, 409 

Lector on Fife earldom, 456 

Lee (F. 6.) on a Protestant Indulgence. 464 

Lee (T. L.) on a fasting woman in the 13th century, 27 

Lees (E.) on apple folk-lore, 55 
Apple-scoops, 7 

Booses with secret chamhera, 116 
Lime trees, large, 78 

Leicestershire cobbler and author, 148» 874 

Lemon juice, writing with, 349, 395 

Lengthy : 8trengthy, 406, 436 

Leofrio, Abbot of Peterborough, 10, 69 

Leofric on Benson families, 328 
Griffith : Oeyke, 348 
Shipton : Newton, 369 

Lestingham, place-name, its etymology, 389 

Lerer &mily, 209, 393 

Lever (W. F.) on liare, mere^Mort, mordh, 268 

Lewen &mily, 208 

Lex on Barber-Surgeons* Hall, 278 

Librarian on booksellers* cataloisrues, 173 

Librsries: Eton College, 1, 22, 41, 61, 81, 205; 
Chinese, 36, 154; Wimbome Minster, 205; in 
churches, 266, 304, 327, 387 ; Trinity Coll., Cam- 
bridge, 321, 361, 381, 423, 481 ; chained, 347 ; 
Qoeen^s ColL, Oxford, 441, 461 

libfary Association, its London meeting, 239, 260 

Lichen, its use, 208, 334 

Life Guards, their cuirass, 448 

Lille, altarpiece at church of the Ballets, 328, 412 

Lime treee, large, 78 

liincoln (Alice de Grant, Countess of), her chevrons, 212 

Lincoln (Koheee, Countess of), 212 

Linoohuhire, history of, 28, 72, 173 ; bagpipe in, 113 

Lincolnshire field-names, 423 
liincolnshire provincialisms, 154, 238 
Lincolnshire rebellion and Lord Hussey, 529 
Liale»Whitoker, 538 
Literary coincidence, 486 

LiUleton (Ber. Westcot), Bector of Shirenewton, 449 
Littr^ (M. P. £.) at work on hU dictionary, 6 
Liverpool societies, old, 467 
LbmeUy on "Off," its derivation, 472 
Lege de k Fidelity, 149, 334 
Loggan (David), artist, his biography, 90, 382, 358 
Loidis on Buxleys, a pUce-name, 309 
London: City of London Begiment, 26, 65, 111, 149, 
170 ; firing royal salutes in, 47, 153 ; its suburbs, 
temp. Henry VlIL, 250 
London and Paris compared in 1665, 147 
London booksellers and publishers in the 16th and 

17th centuries, 4, 55, 242, 417 
Longden &mily, 109 
Loogerity. See Cmtenarianitm. 
Longhboiongh Church, its dedicalaon, 445 

Louis XIII. of France inlSngland, 147 

Louisa (Queen) of Prussia, her portrait at Cologne, 485 

Love, as a scoring term, 178 

Lucy (Countess), her parentage, 69, 186, 456 

Luther (M.), medal of, 8, 137 ; and Henry VIIT., 25 

Luttrell (Sir James), temp. Beury VI., 8, 187, 215 

Lyceum Theatre, its halfpenny token, 187, 393 

Lyne£smily,109, 390 

Lyne (R. E.) on Lyne family, 109, 390 

Whitmore-Jones family, 156 
Lynn (W. T.) on •'Deva's vale,** 69, 275 

Esher, its derivation, 196 

Godstone, its change of name, 287 

Knock : Alkerden, 234, 317 

Meams, its etymology, 388 

" Scavenger's peruke," 89 

Thomson (James), hiii supposed marriage, 46 

Toadstool, its etymology, 249 
Lynstead Church, Wesley brass in, 49 
Lynton, legend of Valley of Bocks at, 49 
Lyttelton (Thomas, second Baron), his Poems, 517 

M. on St. Brandan, 14 

M. (A. J.) on " Any when," 542 

" As artful as Garrick," 386 

Christian names, 178 

Hathelsey, its locality, 472 

Lancashire a " modern creature,*' 134 

*' Light Christmas makes a full sheaf,'* 535 

Mason (William), poet, 346 

*< Memorials of Two Asters," 55 

Prudhomme (M. Sully), 87 

Servants, 9, 153 

Soldiers and sailors, female, 151 

Stalwart, and other obsolete words, 523 

Surrey Folk-lore, 67 

*' There let Thy servant be," 538 

Wareham, its etymology, 358 

Wife selling. 133 
M. (C. B.) on '* Fiddlededee," 447 
M. (C. B.) on Sheffield of Botterwick, 195 
M. (C. T.), Clk., on peculiar versification, 73 
M. (£. B.) on Dr, Bell and Mr. Lancaster, 17 

Irving (Washington), portraits of, 524 

Sate for sat, 477 
M. (G. W.) on hares' brains, 406 
M. (H.) on Thomas Carlyle, 307 

<* Come across," 328 

** Medicus curat," Ac, 495 

Narratives, three 18th century, 409 

Bule of the road, 816 
M. (H. A. St. J.) on Uie pronunciation of Stuart, 267 
M. (J. J.) on Dr. James Veitob, 272 
M. (J. R.) on John Mitchell, dockmaker, 189 
M. (J. T.) on Christian names, 77 
MaoAlister (J. Y. W.) on « Anthropophagos," 535 
Macaulay (T. B., Lord) on Hunter and Cheselden, 

166 ; Sate for sat, 190, 395, 477 
MacBride (C. McK.) on "Tin "=:Money, 289 
McC— (B.) on « As artful as Garrick," 541 

Budd family, 189 

Hair dressed on lead, 34 

Hare, an Saster emblemi 888 

Heraldic anomaly, 872 

Maund : Mand, 17 r^ i 

Digitized by VnOOQ IC 



I Index BuM>l«incttt to tb« Notat aad 
(Qcwrlca. with No. IM, Jmi. St. ntt. 

M»cC»Tthy (J.), his ''HUtory of Our OwnTimea" 

uid Abp. Whatelj» 47 
HacCuUoch (E.) on the name James before 1258, 354 
Milky Way SanU Strada di Loretto, 540 
St. Brandao, 14 
Maolagaa (R. C.) on Blairquhaa, 293 
Maclean (8ir J.) on Sir Jolin Greyndour, 511 

Indul«enoe, Protest^at, 515 
Macray (W. D.) on the name Jamee, 354, 874 
Madan (P.) on ** Fight at Dame Kurupa's Sbhool,*' 

241, 281, 842, 401, 531 
Magazine*, early Roman Catholio, 211 
Miyendia (L. A.) on Goeaeld Hall, 227 
Halet (d.) on " Clancbing,*' its meaning, 415 
Hereward le Wake : CountefM Lucy, 136 
Malkin as a gamame, 426, 546 
Mamma, introduction and use of the word, 57i 237, 

Man, Isle ot, its coinage, 190, 393 
Mancbet loaf, 15, 396, 418, 496 
Manitology, a new science, 66 
Manning (0. R.) on St. Paul's, Bedford, 145 
Mansfield (Lord), inscriptions in bis " Salust," 165 ' 
Manuel (J.) on Queen Caroline, 288 
Manuscripts, ancient, sold as waste parchment, 88 
Manzoni (A.), variations in bis "Promessi Sposi/* 94 
Mar, the root, its etymolojry, 81 
Mare : " To cry the mare,''^ 127. 218 
Mare (the sea), and words for death, 268, 458, 497 
Market cross surmounted by lion rampant. 1 28, 195 
Markham (6.), his '* Country Contentments,*' 206 
Jiffurlborough (Charles, second Duke of) and Mr. 

Barnard, 16 
Marriage unlucky on Friday, 98 ; prohibited between 

English and Irish, 488 
'^^ Marriage Kite«, Customs, and Ceremonies," 57 
Marriage settlement, Irish, 73 
Marriages of servants, 9, 354, 377 
Marshall (B.) on the literature of agriculture, 286 

Aldworth (Hon. Mrs.), 456 

" All my body is face," 467 

''All the world 's a Btag<>," 311 

*' Appointed to be read in churches,*' 72 

BoXaveiov, its derivation, 113 

Bedford Grammar School, 545 

Boon-days, its meaning, 13 

"Bougaios,** LXX., Ksther iii. 1, 179 

Canonization, 229, 276 

Carriage=sBaggage, 372 

Children's minds a sheet of white paper, 25't 

Christ Chnrch, Oxford, 308 

<:;hristmas Folklore, 176 

**Corvum ne vixit," Ac, 29^ 

Cosin (Bp.), his vestments, 518 

Donatives, Sir Travers Twiss on, 452 

Durham University, 312 

Elliott (E.) or Montgomery ? 95 

*' Extent qaid quaerit," &c., 1 90 

Funeral armour in churches, 256 

Galatians iii. 19-20, 118 

•Geotge III., stanzas on, 403 

" Grassam and toist, ' 453 

"Grey mate the better horse," 133 

Gun, prefix to place-names ,95 

fiolpen, modem use of the word, 35 

ManhaU (E.) on Ifield, Sussex, 152 
** In the midst of life," &c., 74 
Inland, use of the word, 118 
Longevity, 269 
Love as a scoring term, 179 
Mansfield (Lord). 165 
Meriton (G.), 452 

New TesUment» Revised Version, 21 , 43, 83, 123 
Nyctalopia and hemeralopia, 162, 387 
Peterborough Abbey, 93 
Plato, his translators, 454 
Portraits wanted, 394 
Proverbs, 266, 897 
Psalm cxlix., its heading, 266 
Psalms, metrical, 10, 72 
Sarum diocese, 894 
Sate for sat, 395 
" See with half an eye," 28 
Shires, portions of, in other shires, 17 
Tallies, reckoning by, 434 
Tarragona Cathedral, 313 
Turner (Richard) and teetotalism, 397 
Vice-comes s=Sherifif, 474 
Wig, episcopal, 427 
York (Emily, Duchess of), 347 
MarshaU (B. H.) on John, Duke of Albany, 294 
Allobrogical, its meaning, 495 
Aneodotage, 173 
Aristology, 153 
Barber-Surgeons' Hall, 172 
Basket, an old word, 78 
Brissel cock : Turkey, 298 
Children's minds a sheet of white paper, 25 
Colours, literature of, 156, 496 
Drumreany (Lord), 478 
Dolwich Hermit, 268 
Easter eggs, 478 

England, "the classic land of suicide," 475 
Garrick (David), 74 
Hippocrates of Chios, 298 
Ifield, Sussex, 152 
•' Licked into shape," 378 
Maunday Thursday at Whitehall, 415 
Milton queries, 76 

Milton (John), his '* Animadversionp," 154 
Ovingdean Grange, 543 
Papa and Mamma, 57 
Peers, new, 436 
St. Elmo's light, 297 
Shakspeare (VV.), hU ** Sonnets,*' 457 
slaves, negro, in Greece^ 115 
Spanish proverb, 217 
"Stark naught," 276 
Wig, episcopal, 493 
Wind, its mispronunciation, 233 
Woundy, its meaning, 898 
Wright (Capt.), 417 
Marshall (G. VV.) on labourer defined, 468 

Marsballs, marine, their wills, 183 
Marshall (J.) on " Adeste Fideles," 111 
Clark or Clarke (Jeremiah), 852 
** Joseph and his Brethren," 524 
Loggan (D.), artiist, 833, 358 
Noils, its iv.<»aning, 197 
T«nn;s,. its etymology, 214 

Digitized by 


JmUx 8«m1«iDcai to %h» No(m »nA \ 
<KMite, vish Na 10 j, Jul fl, 1881 / 

I N D E X^ 


Mwah»ll (J.) on Samuel Wesley, 252 

M»nluaie, marine, their wills, 183 

Marten (Heory), the regicide, 449 

Martin (T. C.) on portrait of Washington Irving, 490 

Martin (W. M.) on dated book-pUtes, 466 

Mary, Blessed Virgin, and the shrines of Ashtaroth, 

348 ; doctrine of her immaculate conception, 480 
Harj, Queen of Scots, rings given by, 148, 196 ; colour 

of her hair. 485 ; "Perio," at Fotheringhay, 507 
Marylebone Fields, fencing match in, 1714, 445 
Maskell (J.) on St Margaret's, Westminster, 425 
Mason (C.) on lists of emigrants, 67 

Poll books, early, 524 
Mason (William), the poet, his parentage, ZiQ 
Masonic lodge, female, 149, 834 
Massachusetts, old times in, 486 
Mater Dolorosa, engraTing of, 269, 472 
MaUiew (Geo. Felton), his biography, 128 
Mathews (£. G.) on ** As Dr. Watts says," 187 

Bath newspaper, early, 507 

Wiltshire provincialisms, 478 
Matriculation records, 306, 459 
Matthews (J. B.) on American Scriptural dramas, 85 

Casanova de Seingalt (Jacques), 17 

Colours, literature of, 15 

Creole Folklore, 146 

Bailway in the tree tops, 486 

Stalwart, and other obsolete words, 437 
Mannd : Mand, a measure, 17* 337 
Maunday Thursday at Whitehall, 268, 415, 455 
May-dolls at Torquay, 60, 158 
May hew (A. L.) on ** Bewaile*' in Spenser, ^9 

Birch of Paradise, 427 

Brasenoee College, its name, 367 

Bullion's Day, 154 

Chaise marine, 449 

Darvell Gadam, 167 

** Dunciad " queries, 389 

Germany or Deutschland, 31 

Glastonbury, " the town of oaks,** 329 

Gouti^ its meaning, 109 

Hynd : Boose, 806 

Love as a scoring term, 178 

** Mare," and words for death, 453 

Mary, the Virgin : Ashtarotb, 348 

Micah iv. 8 (Luther's version), 269 

Mistletoe and Christmat*, 509 

Oxford, its etymology, 265 

Bemiilion, female Christian name, 449 

Sopraphysical, 409 

" Tak »ime in time,*' 469 

Tennyson (A.), "Queen Mary," I. v., 309 

"Will and waygate," 407 
Mayor (J. E. B.) on Anstey family, 324 

Cotterells, Cotterills, and Cottrell% 384 

Drinking of healths, 285 

Bo^mes (John), master of Holt School, 464 

Okely (Francis), 263 
Meals, S<aipture reading at^ 88 
Meams, its meaning and etymology, 388, 544 
Medals : Martin Luther, 8, 187 ; Polish, 204 
Meeting-houses registered under Toleration Act, 215 
Memorial inscriptions, their preservation, 206 
Memory : '* Glorioua and immortal memory,*' 446 
" Menagiana,** book entitled, 469 

Meriton (G.), author of " A Geographical Description 

of the World,** 249, 452 
Methyl, its derivation, 488 

Meszofanti (Card.), his portrait with earrings, 512 
Middle Templar on Hotten's "Library,** 214 
Milky Way==Santa Strada di Loretto, 366, 540 
MiU fliU, Nell Gwynne at, 48, 236 
Miller (George), D.D., Vicar-G«neral of Armagh, 405 
Mills (John), F.B.S., correspondence with his pub- 
lisher, 181 
Milne (Dr. C), curate of St. Paul's, Deptford, 189, 334 
Milner (Dr.), author of " The History of Winchester," 

369, 408, 542 
Milton (John), "Soothest** in " Comus,** 1. 823, 55, 
96, 296, 312, 357; "Paradise Lost,** bk. iii., 
" The trepidation talk'd,** 75, 97, 111 ; his "Anim- 
adversions upon Remonstrant's Defence,*' 154 
Missolonghi, Palm Sunday at, 46 
Mister^Need or want. Old Bngliah, 161 
Mistletoe and Christmas, 609 
Mitchell (Capt.), 1745, 429 
Mitchell (John), dockmaker, 189, 370, 524 
Mnemonic lines, 56 
Money, its value in 1674, 327 
Monmouth (Duke of), Pope*s " Works" in his library, 

Montacute (John, Marquis of), his daughter, 9, 294 
Montfode (or Monfode) of that ilk, 14 
Montgomery family of Hazelhead, 89, 272 
Montgomery (A. V.) on Montgomery of Hazelhead, 89 
Montgomery (Alex.), his writSigs, 89, 272 
Montgomery (Bobert) or Elliott ? 95 
Montrose (Marquis of), unpublished letter of, 3 
Mookeijee (S. C.) on female soldiers and sailors, 90 
Moon, new, in Fiji, 67 ; sin to point at, 407 
Moore (C. T. J.) on Cheney of Grantham, 486 
Moore (Frances), authoress, 128 
Moore (J. C.) on monumental Latinity, 543 

Trees indigenous to Britain, 92 
Moore (Thomas) and the Babbinical legend of the 

origin of woman, 302 
Mops, a name for statute fairs, 64, 255 
Morant (Rev. Philip), the Essex topographer, 449 . 
More (Hannah), her " Coelebs in search of a Wife,** 

268, 414 ; lines quoted by, 317 
Morgan (O.) on etymology of Tlredegar, 350 
Morley (J. C.) on ** Sup sorrow by spoonsful,** 287 
" Morning Post,'* a centenarian newspaper, 20 
Morris dancers, modem, 349, 524 
Mortlock Islands, origin of their name, 129; 158 
Moseley family, 289 

Moseley (B. D.) on mysterious lake sounds, 198 
"Mother Huff Cap,** a tavern si^n, 49, 172, 474 
Mottoes : "Abeb ent lealdet,** 209, 294 ; newspaper, 

Mounsey (A. C.) on Cervantes, 155 
Gibraltar queries, 153 
Psalms, metrical, 71 
Spanish proverbs, 98 
Mountcastle (B.) on Louis XIII. in Fngland, 147 
Moutray (J. A.) on SeaEeld Castle, 429 
Mowbray family, 114 
Muir (B. &) on Christian names, 336 

** Cut oveV,'* 815 
Muller (G. A.) on phiUppine or philippina, 174 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 




MuHin (P. J.) on '* Uun»ge Bitefl," 57 

Forteus (Bp. Beilby), 37 
Mnm, a beverage, 87 ; receipt {ar, 876 
Mommy wheat growing, 178 
Mnnk (W.) on NeU Gwynne in Pall Mall, 152 
Mnrdocb (John), his biography, 865, 437 
Murgatroyd (W. D.) on Charles Dibdin, 68 
Murillier (H.) on Lisle =Whitaker, 538 
Mumer (Thomas), pamphlet by, 25 
Mus Rastious on " Waltham disgnises," 256 
Mus Urbanos on school punishments, 7 
Mnstaftir on NeU Gwynne at MiU HUl, 48 
"Mystery of Hamlet," by E. P. Vining, 424 
Mythology, Scandinavian, 49, 152, 237, 376 

N. (T.) on hair dressed on lead, 387 

Wig corleis, 278 
Naohani-Imtiaz, Turkish order of chivalry, 512 
Nadauld family, 148, 195 
Naime (Lady), *' The land o' the leal," 118, 409 
Names, origin of family, 148, 857 ; oonvenion and 

oormption of family, 166, 888 
Naogeorgus's *' Popish Kingdome,*' reprint of Googe's 

translation, 346 
Napoleon III., his laureated coinage, 289 
Narratives, three eighteenth century, 409 
Nattali (B.) on portraits of Washington Irving, 491 

Stuart papers, 16 
Naval biographies, 115 
Negro Folk-lore, 584 
Nemo on Christian names, 178 
Nesbitt (A.) on Norman woodwork, 521 
Nescio on Nathaniel Simpson, 250 
Nevins (W. P.) on canonization, 276 
New Testament, Revised Version, 21, 48, 83, 123 
New Tear's Eve, wind on, 535 
New ZeaUnd, ghosts in, 447 
Newspaper, early Bath, 507 
Newspaper defined, 869 
Newspaper motto, 287 
Newspapers, early advertising io, 364 
Newton (A.) on garnet-headed yaifingale, 18, 98 
Newton (Isaac), of Bagdale Hall, Whitby, 369, 525 
Newton (Sir Isaac), hia Treatise on Fluxions^ 129 ; 

and sums in addition, 177 
NichoU (S. J.) on William Upoott, 158 
Nicholls (J. F.) on books printed before 1550, 251 
Nicholson (Br.) on "All the world *s a stage," 148 

'*Bewaile " in Spenser, 254 

Cayfoy, its meaning, 137 

«Oomentaiy vpon Du Bartas,** 155 

Do, the causal, 408 

I>ray:»Squirrel's nest, 116 

" Evil One," in the Lord's Plrayer, 94 

** Horn was wound," 293 

** Make a leg," 215 

«* Perfect Disooveiy of Witches," 466 

'< Scavenger's peruke," 295 

Shakspeariana, 2, 244, 245, 448, 444 

Stepony ale, 155 
Nioibicetur, it% etymology and meaning, 228, 472 
NicoU fiunily of Hendon, 537 
Nightingale (J. F.) on Bonython fiunily, 546 
" Nipotismo di Boma," 1667. 28 
Noah's ark— Monkshood, 128 

Noils, ito meaning, 74, 197, 474 
Nomad on *' Basket," an old word, 18 

Carlyle (Thomas), 203 

Hooley (James), 37 

Mum. a beverage, 37 
Norgate (F.) on Dante, *» Inferno," v. 137, 25 

"Devil's Walk," 182 
Norgate (T. S.) on Papa and Mamma, 237 
Norman woodwork in England, 451, 521 
Norris (F. T.) on Frisio Guild, 147 

Fonts, buried, 87 

Vicars, succession of, 107 
Northamptonshire Folk-lore, 209 
<' Nothing," sonnet on, 488, 546 
" Nothing new under the sun," 426 
Novelists, their blunders, 247 
Numismatic^ works on, 426 
Nyctalopia and hemeralopia, their meaning, 162, 38 

O. on hall mark, 872 

O. (J.) on poems of the Countess of B— , 309 

Bums (Robert), edition of, 335 

Forsyth (Joseph), 249 

** Glorious Lover," 525 

"Hours of Reflection," 369 

Murdoch (John), 865 

St. Paul's CAthedral, A.D. 2199, 518 

Tolson (F.), his " Emblems," 687 
O. (R. C.) on Philippine or phiiippina, 174 
Oakham Castle, horseshoes at, 17 
Oaks, pollard, 308 

Octogenarius on '* Forrel," its meaning, 273 
Off, its meaning and derivation, 472 
Okehampton Castle, "Captivus" of, 1509, 148 
Okely (Francis), his biography, 263, 458 
Okey family, 847 

" Old and New London," its authors, 146 
Oliver (J. A. W.) on Lord Brougham's pedigree, 287 

Drake (Sir Frands), 205 

Savage (Richard), 126 
Olympia, Valley of, excavations in, 536 
O'Neill famUy of Kerry, 489 
Only=Had it not been, 35 
Oriel, its etymology, 252, 836 
"Origine du Despotisme Oriental," 168 
Ormondroyd (G.) on Wibsey Fair charter, 287 
Ornaments Rubric, '' retained " in, 285 
Ostent=A division of time, 96 
"Other half hundred," 536 
Ottery St. Maiy, its parish accounts, 226 
Outland, provincial use of the word, 175 
Ouvry (Frederic), F.S.A., his death, 20 
Overall (H. C.) on Mitchell and Rookar, 524 
Overslaugh, its meaning and derivation, 336 
Ovingdean Grange, did Charles IL visit it ? 388, 44S 
Owen (Prof. B.), his controversy with Huxley, 188 
Oxford, its etymology, 265, 458 
Oxford University : Bible and Prayer Book at Christ 
Church, 808 ; name of Brasenose Coll., 867, 542 ; 
library at Queen's College, 441, 401 ; statue in 
Brasenose College Quadrangle, 517 
Oxfordshire election of 1754, 4, 96, 195 

P. on Entick's '* New Spelling Dictionary," 498 
Fencing match in MarylMKme Fields, 445 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 




p. on "Philoeophy of Tr»4e," 227 

P. (C, 8.) on •• Devil on two gtickg," 175 

P. (E.) on Gnndred de Wttren, 131 

StubbB family, 110 
P. (H.) on '* DevU on two atiolu,'* 176 

WeBtminster Abbey, retabalom in, 222 
P. (M.) on " Land o' the leal," 409 

Penrith Chorch, 182 
P. (P.) on Boon-days, 545 
Heraldio anomaly, 247 
Hessian boots, 139 
" Horn was wonnd," 293, 416 
Taoe, Latin for a candle, 157 
P. (W. G.) on a Cnrator (?) cup, 408 
"Dine with Duke Humphrey," 475 

Scribe used as a yerb, 543 
P. (W. H.) on caricatures by Boyne, 248 
P. (W. P.) on CarrisgesBaggage, 288 
Padfic islands Folk-lore, 27 
Page (Adm. Benjamin Wm.), his wife, 88 
Page (W. G. B.f'on London publishem, 242 
Painting of the Flight into Egypt, 428, 472 
P^estine, books on travels in, 104, 124, 144, 206 
Pslm Sunday at Missoloogfai, 46 
Palmer (Paul), who was he ? 447 
"Panis de hastrinello," its meaning, 258, 330 
Panmure, pisoe-name, its etymology, 198 
Pannes-peece, its meaning, 168, 855 
Papa, introduction and use of the word, 57, 237, 396 
PapiHon (David), picture in his posseeidon, 209 
Papworth (W.) on Robert Hooke, architect, 415 

Thorpe (John), architect, 171 
Paradise, birch of, 427 
Parallel passages, 446 
Paris and London compared in 1665, 147 
Parish accounts, Ottery St. Mary, 226 
Parish (W. D.) on Carriage s=Baggage, 372 

Comet and Shakspeare, 7 

Cuckoo Folk-lore, 234 

"Florilegium Benovatum et Auotum,'* 489 

Folk-lore : The biter bit, 544 

GenerationB, seven, 6 

Inland:Ontbmd, 7, 175 

Jennet, its meaning, 288 

Rat-ryme^ its meaning, 378 

Servants, their marriage and burial, 354 
Parker of Hunnington, 68 
P^hme (James) on « Free trade," 543 
Parliament, women in, 207, 397 
Parr (Old), his ancestors and descendants^ 317 
Patience, a man*s name, 168, 356 
Pattens, men in, 426, 494 
Pattison (W. H.) on a Christmas game, 506 

Byes, different coloured, 307 

Japanese plays, 206 

Milky Way»=Santa Strada di Loretto, 540 

Stereotype office, 269 

Swift (Dean), his poem on his own death, 139 

Wigstead (H.), etchings by, 348 
Pattison (William), his Appleby schoolfellowa, 267 
Peacock and Poccck surnames, 197 
Peacock (K.) on '< Any when," 542 

Bible ** appointed to be read in churches," 171 

Blyton Church, 806 

Boon-days, ita OMMii^gf 18 

Peacock (E.) on Bunker's HiU, 48 
Coleman (Thomas), 284 
Hair dressed on lead, 33 
Hamerton family, 541 
Hard, a pier or landing-place, 38 
Inn as a verb, 312 
Linoolnshue fieldonames, 423 
Maund : Mand, 17 
Newton (Isaac), of Bagdale Hall, 525 
Okey fiunily, 347 
Peacock : PooodE, 197 
Rice : Rise, 52 
Starvation : Flirtation, 326 
Throng, its meanings, 17 
Yorkshire field-names, 105 
Peers created in 1881, 327, 436, 546 ; their aigna- 

tures, 367, 468 
Peet (W. H.) on << Any when," 542 
** London in the Olden Time/' 254 
Shakspeaie (W.), his « Sonnets," 158 
Stereotype office, 415 
Tallies, reckoning by, 434 
"Too too," ita meaning, 318 
Penang, tree at, 332 
Pencil drawings, anonymous, 248 
Pengelly (Lydia) on clergymen hunting in scarlet, 17 
Pengelly (Wm.) on Carriage = Baggage, 372 
England, " the ckssic land of suicide," 308 
Fits, cure for, 106 
Manchetloaf, 15 
Shakspeariana, 245 
Torquay May-dolls, 158 
Trees indigenous to Britain, 92 
Weather prognostics, 534 
Penn (WUliam), his burialplaoe, 45, 194, 287 
Penrith Church, Plantagenet portraits in, 69, 132, 158 
" Perfect Discovery of Witches," 1661, 466 
" Perio," at Fotheringhay, 607 
Perrot barony, 189 

« Peter Pippin," juvenile tale, 228, 898, 437 
Peterborough Abbey, its records, 93, 216 
Phaire (Col. Robert), the regicide 285, 371, 431, 495 
Philippine or philippina e3q>Iained, 174 
PhiUips (J.) on poll books, 477 
Phonetic spelling, 366 
Physical Clob tft Moscow, 118 
Piokford (J.) on Sir Richard Bingham, 518 
Boleyn (Anne), her heart, 413 
Deck of cards, 509 
Dray=sSquirrel's nest, 217 
Epigram on Bursar of St. John's ColL, 299 
Fife earldom, 418 
Flamingo, its derivation, 155 
Hare, Baron of Colendne, 536 
Hessian boots, 139 
** Horn was wound," 298 
** Knight's Quarterly Magazine," 455 . 
- Marlborough (Duke of), 16 
Oxford, its etymology, 453 
"Peter Pippin," 398 
Plagues of 1605, 1625, ftc, 199 
Vernon family arms, 165 
Vioan, suooossive^ from same fiamily, 318 
Wesley (Samuel), 487 




Index 8«rpl«B«Bi to th« No|« nd 

Pickfoid (J.) 00 '< Wiadlestrae/' ito meaniDf, 457 
PictoD (Sir J. A.) on Boon-dayii, 55 
Infenud : Roger Helle, 857 
Newipapert rad advertisiog, 864 
Bule of the road, 84 
I^cta a Scandinavian people, 115 
Picture with seal on back. 190, 878 
Piepowder Conrt, 285, 295, 830 
Piera family of Tristemagh, co. Weaimeatb, 429 
Piggott (J.) on Sir William Pigott, Bart., 448 
Pigot (H.) on tronierfe fint worn in England, 87 
Pigott (Sir William), Bart., 448 
Piuk (W. D.) on premier baron of England, 151 
Civil Wan. relic of the, 206 
Juryman, famouf, 286 

Knighthood by Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 287 
Pinkerton (Mrf. Jane), of Crumpeall, a centenarian, 7 
Pitcher (C. D.) on Seymour crest, 8 
Place-names, proposed dictionary of English, 92 ; with 

^'gun^forpreBx, 94, 417 
Plagues of 1605 and 1625, ftc, 199 
Plato, his translators, 420, 454 
Piatt (W.) on transparent bee-hives, 585 
Book-worm, 84 

Conservative, introduction of the word, 86 
Cupboard, used etymologicaliy, 157 
"Devn's Drive," 417 
Dog-rose, 78 
"Free trade," 887 
'* Grey mare the better horse,** 284 
Hat, billy-oock, 98 
Herrings, salted, 406 
Maunday Thursday at Whitehall, 455 
Meals, Scripture reading at, 88 
Milne (Dr. Colin), 834 
Milner (Dr.). 542 

'* Nothing new under the sun," 426 
Pomatums Pomade, 81 8 
Pope (A.), bibliography of, 4/2 
Bat-ryme, its meaning, 878 
St. Paul's Cathedral, A.D. 2199, 519 
Scandinavian mythology, 876 
Screw propeller, its inventor, 390 
"Stark naught," 275 
Stereotype office, 497 
Tallies, reckoning by, 484, 493 
Villon (F.), his "BaUade of Dead Ladies," 885 
Whitaker (Rev. T. D.), 178 
« Wooden walls of old England," 478 
Playne family, co. Kent, 108 
Plays, Japanese, 206 
Plunkett (Major James), his sons, 89 
Pocock and Peacock surnames, 197 
Pooock (C. J.) on Turner's *» Liber Studiorum," 126 
Poker drawmgp, their preservation, 209, 898 
Polignac and Campbell, 448, 494 
PoU books, early, 208, 438, 477, 524 
Pomatum = Pomade or poromade, 8, 137, 318, 895 
Pope (Alexander), P— p— le in the '* Dun«»d,*' 30 ; 
" Dunciad " queries, 889, 471 ; bibliography, 430, 
472 ; verses attributed to him, 516 
Popple (Waiiam), in Pope's " Dunciad," 80 
Porteus (Beilby), Bp. of Xiondon, his works, 37 
Portrait, anonymous, 268 
Portraita in churches, 347, 544 ■ 
Portraits wanted, 227, 894 

Portuguese infloriptions in Bombay, 883 
Potter (G.) on burial in the wall of a house, 426 

Dibdin (Charles), 255 
Pot-wall, its meaning, 156 
PoweU (T.) on the etymolotry oT Bedford, 349 

Brag, its derivation, 271 

EpiUph at Churchill, 256 

Telephone indicated by Raphael, 297 
Preble (G. H.) on naval biographies, 115 
Pre&ce to spicilegium of notes, anecdotes, kc., 87 
Price (F. G. H.) on Nell Gwynne, 213 
Price (G.) on boys executed in England, 177 

Bunker's Hill, 256 
Prices of various articles at different times, 108 
Prior (&!.), inscription at Wimbome Minster, 186 
Privy Council, record of its members, 408, 449, 495 
Proof-sheets, early, 407 
Prophecies, modem, 428 
Proverbial eipressions in ** Essay on Qaackery," 510 

ProYerhi and Phratei :— 

All my body is face, 467, 498 

All upon the merry pin, 518 

Asses and thbtles, 169 

Bay : At bay, 853, 412 

Beat into the head, 521 

Bitter end, 238, 277 

Bred and born, 68, 275 

Cheese it-, 88 

Clearing out for Guam, 447 

Cold rost, 272 

Come acrofs, 828, 394, 455 

Comparisons are odious, 327, 479 

Cut over, 58, 78, 315 

Devil and the bent tunes, 115 

Dining with Duke Humphrey, 166, 887, 475 

Durance vile, 37 

Feed a cold and starve a fever, 54 

Fierce as a maggot, 309, 355 

Fishing proverbs, 467 

For the million, 449, 472 

Fraid : For fraid, 226, 458 

Garrick : As Artful as Garrick, 386, 540 

Goodish few, 205 

Grey mare the better horse, 138. 233, 256, 316, 456 

His bark is waur nor his bite, 266, 414 

Bothy way, 29, 152 

Horns : Gets horns from his wife, 468 

Jingo : By Jingo, 114, 179 

Kick at nothing, 466 

Leaps and bounds, 278 

Licked into shape, 378, 895 

Light Christmas makes a full sheaf, 535 

Little bird told me, 866 

Love : To make love, 347 

Lying cold-floor, 74 

Make a leg, 215 

Melodious days, 467 

Never out of the flesh, &c., 898 

Office will prove the man, 209, 314, 397 

Play old gooseberry, 54, 417 

Pouring oil on troubled waters, 174 

Rightaway, 117, 176 

Rule the rinjr, 112 

See with half an eye, 28, 136 f^^^^T^ 

Shake a leg, 214 Digitized by VnOOglL 

f ii4cx SappIem«oi to th« Notes snd ) 
Qiunct, with No. 103, Jaa. 11. l«s. / 



Proverbs and Phraiei :-^ 

Shot op, 896 

Spanish, 98, 217 

8Urk naoght, 89, 275 

Stall watera are the deepest, 266, 414 

Bap sorrow by spoonsful, 287, o2l 

Tiak time in time, ere time be tlix^ 469 

Oldy mess, 205 

Vale disooTereth the hill, 348, 493 

WalkiDg width and striding tidth, 95 

Warwickshire, 64, 78 

Will and waygate, 407 
FroTincialJsm^ Wiltshire, 106, 478; Lincolnshire, 

154, 238 
Pmdhomme (M. Sully), poem by, 87 ; translation of 

it, 126 
PruDeUa or prunello, 317, 395 
Psalm cxlix.. its heading, 266, 398 
Psalm cli., Tennant's translation, 109 
Psalmody, metrical, 264 
Psalms, metrical, 10, 71, 136 
Publishers, London, in tlie 16th and 17th centuries, 

4, 55, 242, 417 
** Pudding and Tame,** schoolboy rhyme, 176 

Qusstor on the Willet estate, 288 
Quatre-yingt-siz on '* Make a leg," 215 
Quedlinburgh Abbey, allusion to, 408, 544 
Quekett (A. E.) on Shakspeariana, 246 

Spenser (B.), " Faery Queene," L x. 68, 164 
Quest or quist=Wood pigeon, 316 
««Qnesti(«' Stated,*' 287 

<liiotatio&s :— 

A man of kindness, 869, 398, 418 

A painter poring on a face, 329, 379 

A small unkindneas is a great offence, 250, 280 

Ah I why on monumental stone, 109 

All the world *s a stage, 148, 311 

Alone I walked the ocean strand, 69, 488 

Amiddes the route you may discern one, 229, 279 

And cool church portals through the street, 390 

As sand from a shovel, 129 

At length came the day, IS 

O'estTamour, Tamour, 514 

Conscripts, keep step, 190, 219 

Ourtosis fabricavit inferos, 317 

Dear to the Lowland reaper, 329, 418 

Earth hath no hate, 18 

Every beating pulse we tell, 869, 398, 438 

Every bird that upward springs, 390, 547 

Extera quid quterit, 190 

For sluggard*s brow the laurel never grows, 50, 78 

Gigantio daughter of the West, 489 

I could forgive him all the blame, 69, 119, 158 

I slept and dreamed, 469, 525 

I strove with none, 229, 259 

I 'U hang my harp, 190, 238, 319, 387 

I *11 tie a green ribbon round his hat, 469, 498 

If you knew the pleasure of avoiding pleasure, 269 

In the midst of life we are in death, 74 

Innocens et perbeatus, 409, 438 

InTeni portum, 76 

Let me light my pipe at your ladyship^s eyes, 847 

Medicns curat, &c., 388, 486, 457, 477, 495 

Mj ancient but ignoble blood, 9, 153 

Quotations :— 

Never change barbarous names, 190 

O thou that art both grief and balm, 149 

Our life is like a narrow raft, 250 

Oxford no more, but Cowford be thy name, 238 

Perturbabantur Constantinopolitani, 77 

Quand on aime, rien n'est frivole, 9 

BusUoa gens est optima, 449, 479, 498, 525 

Sero venientibus oss% 349 

She gathered the dew in St. 6yd*a Eirkyard, 289 

Solem qnis dioere falsum audeat ? 229, 259 

Tarn Marti quam Merourio, 176, 474 

The breeze sighed sadly, 430 

The foolish man does not know, 18, 158 

The Man at the gate' looked up, 469, 498 

The rich dates covered over. 890, 488 

The sharp autumn breeze, 109 

The Spanish fleet thou canst not see, 309, 337 

The woman of mind, 118, 189, 525 

Then if not here, 489 

Then the whins shall prick thee sore, 69, 119 

There never yet was human power, 209, 238 

'Tis the pursuit rewards the active mind, 69 

To damp our brainless ardours and abate, 489, 525 

Too oOen in her ears, 250, 299 

Totos componitur orbis, 90, 119 

Trust not for freedom to the Franks, 229, 259 

What doth not yield, 438 

What is a letter ? Let affection tell, 829 

What is lighter than a feather 1 238 

When young life*s journey I began, 250 

Where brighter suns, 229, 280 

When longs to fall yon rifted spire, 250 

Who hath this book and reads it not, 390 

Who 'd sell his farm and go to sea I 149 

R. on epitaphs, 175 

R. (Alice) on VUk>n's " Ballade of Dead Ladies," 168 

R. (B.) on Edmund Hector, 149 

R. (0. R.) on a bobbin of thread, 137 

B. (E.) on Queen Caroline, 454 

Women and wine, 334 
R. (F. N.) on German Church, Trinify Lane, 489 
R. (H. G.) on relics in Roman Catholic churches, 429 
R. (J.) on American Folk-lore, 446 

Amoy, inscriptions at, 246 

Books, «<top shelf,'' 543 

Kangaroo meat, 395 
B, (J. h!) on TaUand : Tallant : Tallent, 176 

'* Whiskered infantry of Switzerland," 406 
R. (M. H.) on Welsh Testament, 203 ' 
R. (M. R.) on Hughenden?=Hitohendon, 86 
R. (R.) on " All the world 's a stage," 311 

" As artful as Garrick,'' 540 

Books, •« top shelf,'' 543 

Boon-days, its meaning, 18 

Brown (Tom), 188 

Cowslips and primroses, 279 

Dice, ancient, 184 

<* Divine Breathings," 436 

" Grey mare the better horse," 233 

Hieroglyphic Bible, 30 

Joke^ old, revived, 225 

Lincolnshire, history of, 72 

** Never out of the flesh," &c., 39^ 

Plots a Soandinarian people, 

AC, 6^9 1 

e. i»ogle 



f Tndex 8nppl«aimk to the llotM •»4 
\ Queriw. wiUi Mo. 109, Jan. ti, USi. 

B. (R.) on pomatam or pomade, 895 

Bale of the roAd, 816 

Scribe lued aa a Terb, 548 

Sparrow bottles, 158 

Throng, its meanings, 35 

''Treasurie of Aandent and Ifodeme Times,'* 
E. (R. G.) on Paul Palmer, 447 
B. ( W. F.) on '* Clearing out for Chiam," 447 
Badng records, 468 

Badwell Church, anregistered brMS at, 168 
Bagman Boll, 40 
Bagusa : Argosy, 226, 415, 489 
Baikes (O. A.) on Baffii or 8rd Begxment of Foot, 150 
BaUway, earliest, 288, 855, 874 ; in the tree tops, 486 
Baleigh (Sir Walter), publisher of his <* History of 

the World," 55, 114 
Bandolph (E.) on episcopal wigs, 498 
Baphael, telephone indicated by, 169, 190, 297 ; lines 

on a design by, 426 
Bapier, old, 248 

Batdiff (D. R.) on « Mother Huff Cap,** 49 
Batcliffe (T.) on Christmas Eve in Derbyshire, 502 

Christmas luolc, 509 

Cuckoo Folk-lore, 284 

Swealing, its meaning, 258 
Bat-iyme, its meaning, 128, 878 
Bayner (W.) on "CeUer," 877 
Beading (John), organist. 111 
Beadings, musicians and artists, 111 
Becusant Bolls, 518 

Bedway (O.) on tobacco smoking in England, 258 
Begiment, City of London, 26, 65, 111 ; " The Buffs," 

Beid (G. W.) on portndts of Washington Irving, 491 

Shaw (John), the Lifeguardsman, 44 
^ Beliable, use of the word, 166 
* Bemillion, female Chxistian name, 449 
Bendle (W.) on Br. Bell and Mr. Lancaster, 155, 851 

Southwark, old, 188 

Soathwark antiquities, 875 
Bevenue increasing by 'Meaps and bounds," 278 
Bevett family of Brandiston, 127, 236 
Beynard the Fox, books on, 63 
Bice: Bise^Tops of trees, 52, 896, 418, 496 
Bidel (Geoffrey), Sire de Blaye, 888, 471 
Bidge (C. J.) on a letter of I>r. Jenner, 584 
Bigaod (G.) on " Aneodotage," 495 

Chinese libraries, 154 

•* Devil on two sticks," 131 

'* Fight at Dame Europa's School," 533 

Green Bag, its contents, 71 

Herringd, salted, 524 

Intellectual, its meanings 451 

Buleoftheroad, 154 

Tea, afternoon, 136 

"Yellow Book, The," 15 
Biggall (E.) on George Borrow, 829 
BipaUle: "Faire RipaiUes," 829 
Bipariis (Johnde), or Bivers, 1299, 889 
Bipley, Derbyshire, its chapel register, 828 
Bising (C.) on Burton Agnes, Yorkshire, 448 
Bead, rule 6f the, 84, 154, 258, 278, 816, 416 
Roarer, its meaning, 1641, 488 
Bobartes (Henry), author, 488 
Robert IL of Soetiaad, his obUdrai, 888 

Bobetts family, 536 

Boberts (David), his <'Ho]y Land," 28 

BoberU (B. J.) on Boberts family, 586 

Boberts (B. P. H.) on a pilgrimage to Jordan*, 45 

Bobertson (W. A. S.) on an enshrined heart," 355 

Bogers (J. K T.) on salted herrings, 472 

Roman notation, 466 
Bogers (S.), " Firebrand " edition of his poems, 127 
Bohese, Countess of Lincoln, 212 
Rolls, Recusant, 518 

Roman CathoHo churches, marble relics in, 429 
Roman Catholic magazines, early, 211 
Roman Catholics, their evasion of penal laws, 189, 237 
Roman notation, calculation of quantities by, 466 
Rommany, its etymology, 518 
Ronayne (J.) on penal laws against Catholics, 237 
Rood screens, English fifteenth century, 247, 450 
Rookar (Richard), clockmaker, 870, 524 
Roose, its meaning, 806 
Rose : " Five Brethren of the Rose," 73, 199 
Rothesayensis on Capt. Mitchell, 1745, 429 
Round towers in England, 289 
Round (P. Z.) on St. Brandan, 15 
Ronth family, 208 
Royal salutes in London. 47, 153 
Rubber at whist, &c., 495 
Budd ( W. H.) on Harrisons of Norfolk, 26, fiS 
Bule of the road, 34, 154, 258, 278, 316, 416 
Bule (F.) on ancient dice, 96 

Epitaphs, 175 

Gallows, its meaning, 895 

Honorificabilitudinity, 55 

Index, novel, 541 

Names, family, 333 

«* Stark naught," 276 

«* When I left thy shores, O Naxos," 375 
Bushton Hall, bas-relief and inscription at, 510 
Bussell (Lord Arthur) on snuff-boxes, 445 
Bussell (Constance) on Campbell and Polignac, 448 

Hares* brains, 458 

Plunkett (Major James), his sons, 89 

Scott (Thomas) and Piers family, 429 
Bussell (Fanny) and the Prince of Wales, 267, 318 
Bussell (J. F.) on Charles Lamb, 223, 363 

*<PopiBh Kingdome," 846 

S. (A.) on pointing at the moon, 407 

Sibthorpe (Dr. Bobert), 365, 522 
S. (A. C.) on Andrew Swinton, 348 
S. (B. P.) on Abinger Church. 857 

Heraldic queries, 333, 447 

Irving (Washington), portraits of, 491 
S. (C.) on Fife earldom, 98 

House of Commons, petition to, 513 
S. (C. B.) on bees told of a de«th, 416 

'* Pins and needles," cure for, 74 
S. (D. A.) on " Bred and bom," 275 

Dog-rose, 199 

Stepony ale, 155 
S. (F.) on ** All upon the merry pin," 513 

Colours, literature of, 15 

Jewish charm, 510 
S. (F. G.) on charm against snakes, 305 
S. (G. T.) on library of the Duke of Monmouth, 434 
S. (H.) on •* Alastor of Augustus," 489 \r\n\c> 

B. (J.) of «'Tlie Tme Art of Aagling," iOS,i&4?Q ^^ 

Judn 8omlMB«ai to th« NotM and \ 



8. (J. X.) on Frenoh fiuniliM al Thomoy, 437 
a (R.) on ''Golden Legend," 447 
8. (R. S.) on an epiUph, 8 
8. (S. D.) on manchet loaf, 418 
a (W.) on " Windleatoiie,*' 197 
8. (W. a) on Hamlet a woman, 307 
a (W. S. L.) on modem prophecies, 428 
8ailon, female, 90, 118, 151 
Sunt, legend of a, 14 
St. Albanii, brasses at St. Hicbael*8, 163 
St. Baldred of the Bass, 105 
8t. Bartholomew, massacre of, 209 
St. Brandan, Impend of, 14 
St. Catherine's Hospital, its master in 1688, 148 
St. £lmo*s fight, 297, 314 
St. Helena, great gide at, 408 
St. Kenelm*s Chapel, its mural paintings, 49 
St. Pancras Churchyard, epitaphs in, 308, 855 
St. Faurs Cathedral, a.d. 2199, 487, 517; "Mis- 
fortunes of St. Paul's Cathedral,** 511 
St. Spithlin, an obscure saint, 168 
St. Swithin on *' All my body is face,** 49a 
Birds under the Cross, 97 
Bunker's Hill, 255 
Centenarians, 135 • 

Chaucer, origin of the name, 512 
Holpen, modem nse of the word, 35 
Inn as a verb, 545 

Mare (the sea) and words for death, 497 
"Mr. H.*s Own Narrative,** 508 
"Soothest" in «'Comw.** 55, 296, 357 
S^le, free-and-easy, 509 
Salopia on Dnrham Univenity in 1645, 167 
Salutes, royal, in London, 47, 153 
* Sansome enraame, 156 
Saram diocese, its history, 338, 394 
Satchell (T.) on Markham's ** Country Contentments,** 
"Troe Art of Angling,'* 405 
8ateforsat,190, 395, 477 

Saunders (Mrs. P.), her portrait, 167, 196, 217, 437 
Saundenon (Nicholas), M.A., LL.I)., his pedigree, 33 
Savage (E. B.) on new words, 417 
Savage (Richard), his parentage, 126 
Savages, drawing by, 488 
Savill (J. W.) on breeding-stones, 478 
"Cut over,*' 68 
. Mater Dolorosa, engraving of the, 472 
Sawyer (F. B.) on birds under the Cross, 56 
Cheyne, its pronunciation, 56 
Cundall parish registers, 254 
Hallywell (Hemjy), 377 
Hugbenden=Hitchendon, 295 
Irish marriage settlement, 73 
Place-names of England, 92 
Wibsey Fair charter, 459 
Scandinavian mythology, works on, 49, 152, 237, 376 
** Scavenger's perake," a simile, 89, 295 
Scharf (O.) on Adm. B. W. Page, 88 
Schliemann (I>r.), his discoveries, 367, 542 
School puni^ments, diversity in, 7 
Schopenhaner (Arthur) at Wimbledon, 49, 112 
Schubert (Franz) and Tacitus, 406 
l^chumann (Robert) and Shelley, 246 
" Sdenoe of Language," 81 
Sooffpion plants, 505 

Scotland, burial on Sunday in, 138; Franciscans in, 
388, 432, 457, 497 

Scott (C.) on canonization, 193 

Scott (J. R.) on Charles II.'s hiding-places, 522 
Thorpe (John), architect, 238 

Scott (Sir S. D.) on the " Bufib,'* 149 

Scott (Thomas), the regicide, and Piers family, 429 

Scott (Sir Walter), his quotations, 229, 279 

Screw propeller, its inventor, 328, 390, 456 

Scribe, used as a verb, 886, 543 

Scribes, ignorant, 306 

Scrope of Upsall (Thomas, Lord), his wife, 9 

Seafield Castle, Scotland, its history, 429, 588 

Seal, on back of a picture, 190, 373 ; of Knigh^a 
Templars, 196, 237 ; of Chirurgeons' Company, 206 

Sebastian on the «Bu£b," 111, 170 
Canonization : Henry YI., 175 

Secret chambers, &c., in old houses, 116, 217 

Selborae, Gilbert White's house at, 426 

Selden (Ralph), dockmaker, 847 

Self-opiniated=Self-opinioned, 108, 138 

Septuagenarian on "Honorificabilitudinity," 55 

Sepulchre in churches, 148, 333 

Serendipity, origin of the word, 294 

Serlo on Robert Phaire, regicide, 235 

Serres (Olivia Wilmot), 4)ook8 and pamphlets by, 164 

Servants, thoir marriages and burials, 9, 354, 377 ; of 
good &mily related to their employers^ 111, 153, 

Sewell (W. H.) on travels in the Holy Land, 104, 124, 
144 ; photographs of, 849 

Seymour crest, 8 

Seymour (Rev. Rich.), chaplain of the Popham colony, 
268, 393 

Shaftesbury's ''Enquiry concerning Virtue," 307 

** Shah Groest,*' an uncommon animal, 197 

ShakBpeare (William), his reference to a comet, 7 ; 
collection at Eton College Library, 41 ; works on 
his "Sonnets," 108, 158, 457 ; and commendatory 
verses, 108 ; and Cumberland, 126, 158, 230, 818 ; 
^tauDton*s "Unsuspected Corruptions of Shak- 
speare's Text,** 263 ; edition of his poems, 1609, 
268 ; portrait published in 1815, 288, 494 ; portndt 
by Zoust, 369 ; ''The Mystery of Hamlet,** by 
£. P. Vining, 424 ; and Charles I., 465 ; Gildon's 
edit, of his poems, 468 

Shakspeariana : — 

As You Like It» Act iii. sc. 2 : " Atalanta's better 

part," 244 
Coriolanus, Act 1. sc. 9 : "Tent," 245 
Cymbeline, Act L sc. 1 : " Sear up," 444 
Hamlet: Hugh8*s edition, 225, 377, 437, 457; 
Act L sc. 4 : "Cerement,** 444 ; Act v. sc. 1 : 
" Cwn*s jaw-bone," 245 
Henry IV., Pt. I. Act iii sc. 1 : " He held me 

last night,** &c., 245 
Midsummer Night's Dream, Aet iii. sc. 1 : Bot- 
tom, 2 
Othello, Act V. sc. 2 : " The base Indian,*' 246 
Romeo and Juliet, Act v. sc. 3 : " Seal with a 

righteous Idfls^" &c., 443 
Tempest, Act iv. sc. 1 : *' Racke," 443 
Shaw (John), the Lifeguardsman, 44 
Shaw (W. S.) on early poll books, 433 j 

Sheffield fiunily of Bntterwiok, 127, 195, 238 g[g 



t Index Bnnlcnent to tiM Nstet ■»< 
\ QusriM, with No. IKS. Jan. fll, Utt. 

Shelley (Percy BysBhe), his place in English literature, 
211 ; and Schumann, 246; passage in ^* Prometheus 
Unl^ound," Act ii. sc. 4, 846 
Shenstone (William), poetical inscription os, 485 
Ships, coins in, 48 

Shipton (Mother), her prophecies, 428 
Shipton (Richard), of Lythe Hal), co. York, 369 
Shiresi portions of, in other shiref, 17, 196, 295 ; 

Terses on English and Welsh, 209 
Shirley (E. P.) on ** Flirtation " and Lady Frances 
Shirley, 412 

Thompson (Thomas Clement), 455 
Shirley (Lady Frances) and the word ''Flirtation/* 

826, 873, 412 
Sholand, fidd-name, its meaning, 409 ' 
Shore (T. W.) on libraries in churches, 387 
Shorediche (Bichard), a famous jaryman, 286 
Shupton family arms, 513 
Sibthorpe (Dr. Robert), his Sermon on Apostolic 

Obedience, 365, 432, 522 
Sigma on rood screens, 247 
Signs, booksellers*, 286 
Sikes (J. C.) on superstitions about feathers, 236 

Gouts, its meaning, 318 
Simmerin=B Primrose, 449 

Simon (J.), "Histoire de TEcole Alexandrique,** 113 
Simpson (0. H. W.) on Matthew Prior, 1«6 
Simpson (J.) on Thorney Abbey, 379 
Simpson (Nathaniel), mathematician, 250, 416 
Simpson (W. S.) on "Braming,'* its meaning, 15 

"Misfortunes of St. PauVs Cathedral," 5U 

St Paul's Cathedral, a.d. 2199, 487 
Sinker (R.) on statue of Byron at Cambridge, 421 

Library of Trinity College, Cambddge, 321, 361, 
881, 481 
Sitiens on effervescing drinks, 90 
Skeat (W. W.) on ** Basket," an old word, 12 

Brag, its derivation, 137 

Date, metrical, 134 

Dotterel : Doterel, 93 

Dray=SquirreI*s nest, 78 

Drury family, 270 

"Few broth," 33 

Hanker, its etymolosry, 233 

Howard surname, 277 

"Soothest » in "Comus," 96 

Stuart, its pronunciation, 314 

"Walking width and striding sidth," 95 

Wind, its mispronunciation, 238, 318 
Sklrving (A.), his portrait of Bums, 425, 475 
Slab, old marble, at St. Margaret's, Westminster, 27 
Slait=Td abuse, 144, 494 
Slater (W. B.) on an Armenian legend, 233 

Darner or Amory, 227 
Slaves, negro, employed by the Greeks^ 115 
Smith (Sydney), two unpublished letters, 401 
Sneyd (W.) on "Mother Huff Cap,*' 474 

Yemon family arms, 233 
Snob, origin of the word, 56 
Snuff-boxes engraved with the names of Yorick and 

Lorenzo, 445 
"Social science," origin of the term, 488 
Soldiers, female, 90, 118, 151 
SoUy (B.) on Peter Beckford, 811 

"Bitter end," 277 

Curll (Edmund), 112, 192 

Solly (B.) on " Dundad ** queries, 30, 471 

'* Economy of Human Life/' 546 

Elwall (Edward), 51 

Flirtation, origin of the word. 373 

George III., his birthplace, 250 

Knighthood by Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 382 

Lengthy : Strengthy, 436 

Monmouth (Duke of), his library, 227 

Oxfordshire election of 1754, 4 

Pope (A.)< verses attributed to, 516 

Russell (FannT), 313 

St. PauPs Cathedral, A.D. 2199, 517 

Stalwart, its American political meaning, 67 

Westmoreland poets, 267 

"Yellow Book, The,** 52 
Somerset (Sir Charles), his burial, 329, 473 
Somerset (Duke of), his burial-place, 299 

Songs and Ballads :— 

Blue Bells of Scotland, 320 
Blue Bonnets over the Border, 117, 892 
Captain Weddurbum's Courtship, 228 
John Bull, 287, 37P 
Land o* the Leal, 118, 409 
Wedding, 348 

When last I left thy shores, 149, 834, 875 
Work songs, 238 
Young Lochinvar, 348 
Sonnet, anonymous, 488. 546 

"Hoothest" in "Comus," 1. 823, 55. 96, 296, 812, 857 
Soathey (R.), marginal marks in his bookn, 267, 458 
Southwark, its old inns, 5, 133 ; antiquities at, 107, 

231, 278, 375 
Sowle (Andrew), reprint of his pamphlet, 339 
Spao*, ito meaning, 388, 438, 545 
Spalding Priory, its records. 93, 216 
Sparrow bottles,^09, 153, 456 
Sparvel-Bayly (J. A.) on Holt in place-names, 156 
Spelling, phonetic, 866 
Spenser (Edmund). " Bewaile,** 89, 254; " Towre all 

Spicilegium of notes, anecdotes, &c., preface to, 87 
Sprange or Sprang family, 269 
Sprayed, its meaning, 1 77 
" Squire of Middlesex," 448 
Stofford family of Eyam, 134 
Stafford (Capt.), his method for increasing the stature, 

388, 436 
Staffordshire and Dorset, their comparative progress, 

119, 135 
Stage, deaths on or associated with, 37 
Stalwart, and other obsolete words, 67, 255, 315, 437» 

Standerwick (J. W.) on John de Ripariis. 389 
SUnley (A. P.), Dean of Westminster, his death, 80 
Stanton (T. H.) on painting of the "J^light into 

Egypt," 428 
Starvation, origin of the word, 326 
Statham (H. W.) on curious arms, 213 
Stature increased by mechanical means, 888, 436 
Staunton (Howard), his Shakspearian criticisms^ 263 
Steam navigation in 1814, 225 
Stepony ale, 155, 457 
Stereotype office, 269, 415, 497 
Sterne (L.), allusions in " Tristram Shandy,'* 86SI 
Sterry (F.) on a cure for gfg^^ifgg ^y LnOOgle 

8«f|i!l«Mnt to ih« IMm anA ( 
tf.witb So. US. Jaa.fll, iSal. S 



Sieynonr: Stajmer: SUyDor, 73 
SUme (W. G. ) on coin with Em. mab. on, 493 
Proof-flheets, 407 

Shakspeaire (W.), Gildon^ edit, of hii poems, 468 
Stoneliange, its origin, 428 
8tone-nobblen=Arclueolo^8t8, 187 
Slow (T.), line eDgnver, 427, 521 
Stniton (T.) on thermometer Bcalefl, 218 
Street (E. £.) on canting arms, 187 

Pot-wall, ite meaning, 166 
Strelly=ft Weet (De la Warr), 128, 195, 270 
Strangthj, a new word, 406, 436 
Stretcb-Ieg « Death, 84, 97 
Stnart, ito pronunciation, 267, 814, 858| 416 
Sfeoart papers, 16 

Stnarta and psendo-Stoart*, books on, 185 
Stebbs £uni]7, co. Lincoln, in 1612, 75, 110 
Stniiges (T. B. H.) on William Shoostone, 485 
Style, free-and-easy, 509 
«' Snoh whiob," in Chaucer, 189, 414 
Snflfolk earldom and pedigree, 368 
** 8ommat from Suffolk,** 226 
Snperior, use of the word, 238 
'* Supernatural Magazine, '* 374 
Supraphysica], a new word, 409 
SnmMnes, singular, 67 
Surrey Folk-lore, 67 
Surrey words, 176 
Sussex place-names, collection of, 92 
Sutton (C. W.) on '* Joseph and his Brethren,'* 494 
Swealing, its meaning, 258 
Sweeting (W. B.) on a metrical date, 134 

Tallies, reekoniug by, 492 
Swift (Dean Jonathui), his Terses on his own death, 

139 ; his description of a storm, 404 
Swinton (Andrew), author of "Travels into Norway,** 

848, 394 
Sywl on Halsham family, 198 

Wentworth (Lords) of Nettlested, 212, 538 

T. (G.) on Henry VIII. and Luther, 25 

T. (0. B.) on royal salutes, 153 

T. (D. C.) on « Honorificabilitudinity," 474 

T. (O. D.) on portraits of Velasquez, 153 

T. (J. K.) on altor-piece at Lille, 328 

T. (M. G.) on Madame Georges, 303 

Taoe, Latin for a candle^ 157 

Taeitns and Schubert, a parallel, 406 

Talcott (M. K.) on Be?. Richard Seymour, 268 

Talk-o'-the-Bill, a phkce-name, 288, 521 

Tall, use of the word, 146, 434 

Talland : Tallant : Tallent family, 176 

Tallies, reckoning by, 209, 434, 492 

Tambnrini (D. C.) on " Abeb ent lealdet," 294 

Tanoock (O. W.) on " Basket," an old word, 12 

"BUokling Homilies," 5 

Braming, its etymology, 82 

Carriage a Baggage, 372 

Colonel, early use oif the word, 454 

Panis de hastrinello, 830 

Bagttsa : Argosy, 489 

Somerset (Sir Charles), 473 

Tallies, reckoning by, 434 
Tiqpestry, Bayeux, 245 
Tarragona Cathedral, earring at, 168, 313 
Tate (W. B.) on boys executed in England, 475 

Tate (W* B.) on thatched chnrchefi, 117 

"Goelebs in search of a Wife," 414 

•' Fourth esUte," 428 

Inn as a verb, 312 

Psalm cxlix., ito heading, 398 

White (Gilbert), his house at Selbome, 426 

Woundy, its meaning, 398 
Tavern signs : "Mother Huff Cap," 49, 172, 474 ; 

" House of Correction," 217 
Taylor family of Southwark, 5, 138 
Taylor (J.) on a Leicestershire cobbler, 874 

Northamptonshire Folk-lore, 209 
Taylor (Bp. Jeremy), his "Worthy Communicant,'** 

88, 312 ; queries by, 116 
T.-B. (C. T.) on Cupboard, used etymologically, 157 
Tea, afternoon, 49, 136 
Teetotal, pre- temperance word, 897, 456 
TeleloguessMessage by telephone, 426 
Telephone indicated by Raphael, 169, 190, 297 
Tennis, its etymology, 90, 214 

Tennyson (Alfred), lines in his "Dream of Fair 
Women,** 108 ; " Kindled with the palms of Christ * 
in *' Queen Mary,'' 809, 355 ; and Kichter, 486 
Tennysoniana, 163 
Terry (F. C. B.) on Argosy, its derivation, 415 

Averde-pois, 334 

BaXavtIov, its derivation, 113 

*< Beat into the head," 521 

Chiswick, ito derivation, 356 

<< Comparisons are odious," 327 

"Cut over," 78 

"Dining with Duke Hamphrey,*' 337 

Eagle stone, 297 

Eggi Folk-lore, 307 

"Evil One," 94 


Forrel, its meaning, 273 

Gibraltar, its pronunciation, 116 

•*Going-off" Clubs, 367 

Greek proverb, 209 

<* Grey mare the better horse,** 234 

Guffin, ito meaning, 417 

•* Ho thy way," 152 

Honorificabilitudinity, 418 

Howard surname, 277 

Inn as a veib, 312 

Kerr, ito pronunciation, 475 

" Licked into Khape," 378 

" Lying cold-floor," 74 

Manitology, a new word, 66 

Milky Wayr=:Santa Strada di Loretto, 540 

Nicibioetur, ito etymology and meaning, 228, 472 

Ifoah's arksMonksfaood, 128 

Koils, ito meaning, 474 

Pattens, men in, 494 

Place-names, 417 

Pomatoms Pomade, 8 

Prunella or prunello, 817 

Quest or quist=Wood pigeon, 315 

Kice : Rise, 396 

Rubber at whist, Ac, 495 

St. Elmo's light, 297 

Sohliemann (Dr.), his discoveries, 542 

Self-optniated=s8eIf-oplnioned, 188 j 

Simmerin^Pnmrose^ 449 ^^^ ^ LnOOgle 

Stoynonr : Stayner, 78 O 



QiMziM, with No. lOi, Jmb. tl. USt. 

Teny (F. C. B.) on " Such which " in Ch*ttoer, 414 

" Sup lorrow by tpoontfal," 521 

TfOl^aBeoftheword, 434 

"Tarn Marti qoun Mercurio/' 176, 474 

TeleloguesMeoage by telephone^ 426 

•'To make love." 347 

Toadstool, its etymology, 451 

Tobaooo smoking in England, 253 

*< Vale discovereth the hill," 493 

Wargrave, its etymology, 232 

Yor^hire field-oames, 317 
Tew <E.) on St Luke zxiii. 15, 498 

Spao\ its moaning, 438 
Tewars on Bodley pedigree, 84 

Cornwall Domesday Survey, 207 

Fitz Harding pedigree, 374 

*' Members \)f Parliament,*' pt. ii., 6 
Thackeray (F. St. J.) on Eton College Library, 1, 22, 
41, 61. 81 

Gray (T.). his « Elegy," 16 
Thackeray (W. M.), bis *• Snobs " in French, 67, 176 ; 

unpublished letter, 507 
Theatre illumination, 326, 367, 478, 524 
Theobald (W.) on " Argo," by Earl of Crawford, 513 
Theophilus, tutor and biographer of Justinian L. 188 
** There let Thy servant be," anonymous lines, 533 
Thermometer scales, 213 
Thomas (E.) on Lyceum Theatre, 393 

Patience, a man's name, 357 
Thomas (Moy) on the Duke of Monmouth's library, 

Thompson (Thomas C), R.H.A., 349, 413, 455, 541 
Thompson (W.) on *' De«»," 488 

" Grassam and toist," 250 

"Such which," 189 

York, ghost in Trinity Church, 3C9 
Thompson (William), portrait pabter, 541 
Thorns (W. J.) on '' The Book ; or. Procrastinated 
Memoirs," 187, 288 

Frisic Guild, 126 

German " Volksbuch," 535 
Thomson (James), his supposed marriage, 46 ; *' Deva's 

vale" in the *' Castle of Indolence," 69, 275 
Thorald the iisheriff, his biography, 488 
Thome (J. B.) on epitaphs, 175 
Thome (James), his death, 260 
Thomey Abbey and French fiunilies at Thomey, 108, 

171, 378, 437 
Thorpe (John), arohitect, 128, 171, 216, 238, 289 
Throng, its meanings, 17, 35, 417 
Thus on hair dressed on lead, 34 
Tibi on Albini family, 96 

Bateman : Battemund, 207 

** Bred and bom," 275 

Strelly=West, 128 

Thomey Abbey, 172 
Tim (Tiny) on ** Abeb ent lealdet," 209 

Johnson (Maggoty), 513 

Shakspeare (W.), portrait of, 494 
Tin==Money, 289 

Titian, Imes on his ** St. Peter Martyr," 166 
Tix on early use of the word Colonel, 337 
*<To" in tradesmen's biUs, 283, 277 
Toads, are they poisonous ? 429 
Toadstool, its etymology, 249, 451 
Tobaooo smoking in England, first, 166, 253 

Tokens : "For the King's Private Ways," 109 ; Ljoeam 

Theatre, 187, 398 
Tolson (F.), his « Emblems," 537 
Tombstone inscriptions, their authenticity, 220 
" Too too "«Very well or good, 266, 813 
Topographioal nomenclature of England, 849 
Torquay May-dolls, 60, 158 
Tory, origin of the term, 403 
Tonrists' wit, 218 
Townsend family, 67 
Townshend fiimily, 301 
Trafalgar, its pronunciation, 116 
Trafalgar, memoirs of, 503 
Traherae (L. E.) on the book-worm, 34 
Train lighted by stored electricity, first, 347 
Treason, high, sentence for, 173 
** Treasurie of Aundent and Modeme Times," 249, 272 
Tredegar, its etymology, 350 
Trees indigenous to Britain, 91, 217 
Trepolpen (P. W.) on Bolton Corney, 375 
Hononficabilitudinity, 473 
Index, novel, 366 
Trimmer (E.) on the dog-rose, 74 
Tripp (H.) on ** Retained " in Ornaments Rubric, 285 
Trousers first worn in England, 37, 215, 316 
Tucker (F.) on *' When I left thy shores," 334 
Tucker (S.) on a portrait of Shakspeare, 288 
Tunbridge, ancient MS. ** Chronicle " of, 409 
Tunhohn family, 329, 478 
Turkey : Brissel cock, 298 
Tumer family, 537 

Tumer (J. M. W.), his "Liber Studioram." 126 
Turner (Richard) and teetotalism, 397, 456 

Udal (J. S.) on apple pummy, 458 

Intraining : Detraining, 454 

Revisers of Old and New Testaments, 203 

Sprayed, its meaning, 177 
Uglow surname, 177 

Ugolini (Card. Giuseppe), his biography, 129 
Underbill (W.) on Bacchus family, 544 
Uneda on Arkansas, its pronunciatiun. 296 

HamUton (*' Single-Speech "), 425 

Reliable, use of Uie word, 166 

" Social science," 488 
University towns, 328, 544 
TJpcott (Wm.), collector of autographs, 158 
Ussher (Sir Thomas), capt. R.N., 396 

V and W, the Cockney, 236 

V. (F. J.) on " Other half hufadred," 536 

V. ( V.HJ.L.I.C.L) on R. Phaire, the regicide, 431 

Vailiant (Y. J.) on a Jacobite relic, 463 

Valentine's Day, custom on, 258 

Van Cook, portrait painter, 29 

Van Metens, 17th century, 29 

Vebna on Helpmate : Helpmeet, 146 

" Serendipity," 294 

Stow (T.), a youthful engraver, 427 
Veitch (Dr. James), his residence in Eensingtoa 

Square, 149, 272 
Velasquez, his portrait, 153 
Ventriculator, its meaning, 208 
Vemey (G. H.) on Rev. Mr. Calvert, 513 
Veraon fSsmily anns, 165, 232 . 

Voroiioie (P*ul), lines ^jM5e^*1!j^<L5fl?)Og le 

RtlMKoCfflftndl,18tt. ) 



I V6M, imiUtiTe^ 88, 417, 456 
anifioBltoii, peeufiar, 78, 174 
Ywtor on monument*! Latinity, SS7 
"Viflan, snccentre, from one fiimUj, 107, 318 
Tk»eomes«Sherifl^ 420, 474 
Vigorn on 8t. Kenelm s Chapel, 49 

Servanti, their manriages and banal, 854 
Villon (F.), ^'Ballade of Dead Ladies," 168, 835, 358 
VmaU fiunily of Rutland, 848 
Vind (Leonardo da), his ** Last Sapper,'* 889 
Yining (E. P.), lus " Mystery of Hamlet,** 424 

IT and F, the Codney, 239 
W. (Chr.) on Bdward ElwaU, 52 

Shakspeariana^ 245 

W. (7. A.) on dolmene in Hampshire, 378 

Penang, tree at, 382 
W. (F. G. A.) on " John Bull," an old bodjj, 370 
W. (F. B. S.) on Portuguese insoriptions in Bombay, 

W. (F. S.) on the name of Brasenoee College, 542 
W. (H.) on American and colcnial bisbope, 169, 474 

Gaidonell (Adam de), 475 

Names, ftmily, 166 

Peers, new, 327, 546 

Portraits in chorches, 347 

Samames, stngalar, 67 

miomey Abbey, 171 
W. (H. A.) on ItsGan religious festlTals, 304 

Sepnldure in churches, 333 
W. (M. A.) on pencil drawings^ 248 
W. (R C.) on Fife earldom, 53 
Waddington (F. &) on Maund : Mand, 387 

Na£iuld &mily, 148 

New Zealand, ghosts in, 447 

Piepowder Court, 295 

Sonnet, anonymous, 488 
Wadley (T. P.) on Bsgnal or Bagenal family, 875 

Griffith (Sir Geoige), 452 

Heydon family, 458 
Wagstaff ( F.) on Irish manufactures, 247 

Maunday Thursday at Whitehall, 268 

Words, new, 74 
Walford (C.) on Aver-de-pois, 167 

German military serrioe custom, 267 
1. Greenwich, Bast, Manor of, 89 

\ " Historical and Political Mercury,** 188 

Newspaper defined, 369 

Seal on back of a picture, 373 

Shires, portions of, in other shires, 199 
I Walford (E.) on Anemcne piiUatiUa, 347 

Book-worm, 397 

Colonel, early use of the word, 454 
I DevU and the best tunes, 115 

' Dmmreany (Lord), 288 

Spisoopal wig, 546 

Eton College Libnury, 205 

Fife earldom, 53 

Funeral armour in churches, 88, 814 

George III^ his birthplace^ 279 

Goute, ita meaning, 378 

Houses with secret chambers, 116 

Inn as a Terb, 546 

Librsriea in ohnrobes, 266, 804, 827 

Walford (E.) on Lincolnshire, history of, 28 

Longevity, 266 

Matriculation records, 459 

Morant (Rev. Philip), 449 

'* Old and New London,** 146 

Schopenhauer (Arthur), 112 

" Squire of Middlesex,** 448 

Townsend &mily, 87 

Verse, imitative, 38 

" Walthara disguises,'* 69 

While=UDtii, 489 

William lY., was he an author ? 48 

Woundy : Gallows, 227 
Walker's " Aristology ; or, the Art of Dining,** 28 
Wallace (Sir Wm.)« old portrait of, 69 
Wallis (A.) on a Biblia Latina, 435 

Gibleio, ita locality, 53 

Hata worn at table, Ac., 316 

Hieroglyphic Bible, 29 

"Ladies* Advocate,** 228 

Nadauld family, 195 

Pot-wall, ita meaning, 156 

'* Waltham disguises,** 256 

" Wooden walls of Old England,** 286 
Walsh (Walter), 17th century, 369 
" Waltham disguised,** 69, 256 
Wandering Jew, bis history, 204, 485 
Ward (C. A) on Sir Egerton Brydges, 446 

Cramer, bookseller, 128 

Be Lentre, his biography, 109 

"Devil's Drive,** 89 

Gray's Inn tithes, 269 

Henry YIIL and the farmers, 409 

*• Kick at nothing,** 466 

" Origine du Despotisme Oriental,** 168 

** To " in tradesmen's bills, 283 
Wareham, its etymology, 232, 277, 358 
Wargrave, its etymology, 232 
Warren (F. E.) on aneient calendars, 7 

Matriculation records, 459 

Portraits in churches, 544 

Servants, their burial, 354 

Thorney Abbey, 172 

Watte (Dr.), his sixteenth Divine Song, 468 
Warton (T.), his ballad of " The Tumip-Hoer,** 467 
Warwickshire phrase, 54, 78 
Waterton (E.) on " iEstel,'* ite meaning, 75 

Hereward le Wake, 9 


Snob, origin of the word, 56 

Thackeray (W. M.), his " Snobs," 57 
Watkins (Sir David), Knight, ob. 1659, 169 
Watkins (M. G.) on parish accounts, 226 

Boarer, ita meaning, 488 

Shat==To abuse, 494 
Watte (Dr. Isaac) : « As Dr. Watte says," 187, 292 ; 

his sixteenth Divine Song, 468 
Waylen (J.) on Fanny Bussell, 267 
WayzgooBe= Printers* annual dinner, 80 
Wears (T. M.) on book-plates and autographs, 805 
Weather prognostics, 584 
Weather sayings. See FoUslore. 
Webb (J.) on Croscombeand Queen EUsabeth, 207 

Drowe, ite meaning, 328 

Protestant Indnlgenee, 516 


. Digitized by 




/ Index 8oppl«mtfkt tirlhe VoUftttttfl 
I QiMriM, with No. Iu9. Jan. u. itA. 

Webb (T. W.) on sloping^ church floor, 87' 
Uglow ■umame, 177 

Webster (E.) on sparrow bottles, 456 
Thomey Abbey, 87S> 

Wedding cape, 249 

Wedding songs, 348 

Wedgwood (H.) on *« At bay," 412 
Boon-days, its meaning, 18 

Wellington, Shropshire, bell fonodry at, 308 

Wells (W. A.) on heraldic anomaly, 809 * 
Heraldic query, 232 

Welsh Testament and the English version, 208 

Wentworth (Sir Henry), his wife, 9 

Wentworth (Lords) of Nettlested, 11, 212, 297» 538 

Wesley family, 49 

Wesley (Charles), his baptism, 288 

Wesley (John), books belonging to, 29 ; on the Beal 
Presence, 95 

Wesley (Samuel), mass published by, 147, 196, 251 

Wesley (Samuel), jun., and his '* Neck or Nothing," 
98, 112, 171, 192, 437 

West Indian superstitions, 165, 237 

West (G.) on burial of servants, 377 

Westminster, graves and gravestones at St. Margaret's, 
27, 206, 425, 519, 545 

Westminster Abbey, retabulum in, 222 

Westmoreland poets, 267 

Weston (Thomas), ob. 1408, 146 

Wharton (T. J.) on a coin, 348 

Wheatley (H. B.) on inventor of screw propeller, 390 

Whig, origin of the term, 403 

Whig Club, 00. Down, 129 

While=>nntil, 489 

WhiskerssaMoustachefl, 406 

Whitaker (Bev. T. D.). his collection of MSa, 57, 178 

White (K) on Capt. Wright, 66 

White (G.) on rule of the road, 278 
Tennis, its etymology, 214 

White (Gilbert), his house at Selbome, 426 

White ^M.) on LadykeyssCowslips, 215 
Women in Parliament, 397 

Whitmore-Jones family of Chastleton, 156, 279 

Whittington (Sir Bichard), his parentajgre, 325, 369, 430 

Wibsey Fair, its charter, 287, 459 

Wife selling in the 19th century, 133 

Wig, episcopal, 427, 493, 546 

Wig curlers, 273 

Wigstead (H.), etching by, 348, 396 

Wilkie (Sir D.), picture of Qaeen Anne^s first Council, 6 

Wilkinson (H. E.) on hair dressed on lead, 34 

Wilkinson (B. B.) on an old rapier, 248 

Willet estote, its owner, 288 

William of Wykeham, his tomb, 7, 237 ; his por- 
trait, 228 

William IV., was he an author ! 48, 78 

Williams (A) on " Treasurie of Auncient and Modeme 
Thnen," 272 

Williams (W. H.) on Br. Bell and Mr. Lancaster, 295 

Willoughby (Mary), her bequest to Tilnworth, 525 

WiJDon<A.), his stereotype office, 269, 415 

Wilson (Rev. Carus), his ''Thoughts on the Times," 65 

Wiltshire provincialisms, 106, 478 

Wimbome Minster Library, 205 

Wind, its mispronunciation, 233, 296, 313 

Windlestrae, its meaning, 197, 457 

Wing ( W.) on the siege of Chepstow, 476 

Corporation officers, 279 

Epitaphs, book of, 177 

Oxfordshire election of 1754, 195 

Psalmody and hymnology, 264 

Sanctus bell cotes, 433 
Winhoff (Melchior), his essay on the Lsndreeht of 

Oberwesel, 9 
Witchcraft in the 19th century, 510 
Wolsey (Card.), parallel to his dying exclamation, 508 
Woman, Babbinical legend of her origin, 302 
Women in Parliament, 207, 397 
Wooden walls, applied to English ships, 286, 478 
Woodhouse (T.) on ** All the world *s a stage,*' 311 

Cowper (Wm.), surgeon, 446 

Darvell Gadam, 218 
Woodsome Hall, portraits at, 227, 436 
Woodward {J,) on arms of bishoprics, 310 

Bishops, American and colonial, 335 

Croy family, 356 

Polish medal, 294 
Woodwork, Norman, in Enghind, 451, 521 
Woolrych (H. F.) on Gob ; Gazel, 612 

New Testament, Be vised Version, 84 

St. Luke xxiii. 15, 465, 498 
Words, new, 74, 417 
Woundy, a provincialism, 227, 398, 477 
Wray»=UdaU, 429 

Wriggles worth (E.) on Roman Catholic magazines, 211 
Wright (Capt.), prisoner in Paris, c. 1800, 56. 417 
Wright (W. A.) on Trinity Coll., Cambridge, 121 
Wright (W. H. K.) on Bunkers Hill, 255 
Writing with lemon juice, 349, 395 

Xit on Anecdotage, 48 

Antevenient : Anteal, 268 

Carriage=Baggage, 372 

« Cold rost," 272 

Colonel, early use of the word, 454 

Conundrum, its etymology, 151 

Curtain lectures, 56 

Dotterel : Doterel, 216 

Forrel, its meaning, 314 

Gwynne (Nell) at MUl Hill, 236 

Honorificabilitudtnity, 418 

Intellectual, its meaning, 451 

« See with half an eye," 136 

Spelling, phonetic, 366 

" Stark naught," 276 
Xylographer on Shakspeare's poems, 268 

Taffingale, garnet-headed, 18, 98 

" Yellow Book, The," 15, 52, 188 

York, arms of the see, 155 *» 

York, ghost in Trinity Church, 309 

York (CecUy, Duchess of), 847, 897 

Yorkshire field-names, 105, 317 

Yorkshire Folk-lore, 47 

Yorkshire poll books and election registers, 108 

Young (Rev. W. T), of Birmingham, Hrca 1790, 329 

Yule, a Scotch origin of, 508 

Z. (X. Y.) on coffin breastplates, 154 
•' Medictts curat," &c., 388, 457 

Digitized by 





'When fonnd, make a note of." — Captain Cottls. 

No. 79. 

Saturday, July 2, 1881. 

[Priob Pourpbnoc. 

rpO ARTISTS.— Mr. Bsrnhabd Ollendobyp, Fine- 

iQbmti ifot paretiure. or pr#p%rftt'^rv to p>>inn)iMinD» I^k«tciii(!i9 or 
P&ttttifiip. in Mil or WiLter rAitoan, ^ujuble Ti^r t'tlKUSTUA^ »Dd 
irfiW-¥£AU nARD-*, of tnt PuMic«t^'n i* Worlts cif fine Art. 
Vr. U< is Mlrint Ibii rriqurdt 1. cnnriDDcd ih^t li Urite mkj'^rUr of 
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ttfiMUMI Vblefa ramr be hct<i. mi iu Ml opinUm thfie F xliiKjIJoas, 
Mm Vnnalcd fl&kil r far tfa« fuPphiMi! of Trmdi? Advertfjinp;. lusteflil of 
njnis ttM itaadl&td of Eoflinh Art, r^uiJ ontr to l-iir^r it rpimpt 
Mtaition will be p^d t«t «rcrr Dmiieii »ut'mittH ; jlucII h.^ nuFy FtiKh- 
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Mnhtftoiiis Pi«tara of (be Tuliftci, it^rinui, Putcb, md FrcLoh 
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, ^_^ ,„ ^^-_ rilc*nieil f«r it« tJurftliilitr imd artiitio 

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CONTENTS.— N« 79. 

irOTES:»Eftoii College Llbraiy, 1— Shakspeariua, 2~ 
Gometo— An Unptiblished Letter of Montroee. 1638-" De 
Ilia AnMnJaB." S-The Oxfordshire Election of 1764-> 
I^ondon BookseDeia and PublLihers in the Sixteenth and 
SeTenteeuth Centuiea, 4—*' The Blickllng HomUies "—Old 
8o«ithwark» 6— ''Members of Parliament," Part U.— ▲ 
lianeashlre Coitom— M. Ldttr^ and his Dictionary— Boston 
and its People— Seven Generations— The Knebworth Begis- 
ten— WiDrie's Picture of the Qneen's First Conndi, 6- 
mtra-Oeateaarianism— Apple-Sooops-Divexsify of School 
Pnaishments— The Oomet : Sbakspeare, 7. 

<)USRIE4:— Ancient Kalendars—'* A Creatare of Christ"— 
William of Wjkeham, 7— Conyers of North Yorkshire— 
eii James LottreU— The "Georgia Oasatte"— A Stone 
Coffin found in the Mersey— Nnmiamatic— An Bpitaph^ 
The 8<7monr Crest— " Pomatnm," 8— Robert finms — 
Bishop Dodgson— Slisabelh, Daughter of John, Marquis of 
Montaoiata- Marriages and Burials of Servants— Winhoff's 
'* Landredit van Averfsael ''—Authors Wanted, 9. 

KBPLIBS :— Hereward le Wake, 9-Tbe Metrical Psalms, 10 
—Earl of Cleveland: Lords Wentworth of Nettlested. Ac, 
11—** Basket." 18— Boon-Days. 18— Montfode of that Ilk- 
A Legend of a Saint, 14—'* Braming "— " Manchet Loaf "— 
literature of Colours-" The Yellow Book," 15— Accumu- 
lated Book-plates -The Stuart Papers— *' Corvum ne vixit." 
Ac.— The MS. of Gray's " Elegy "—Duke of Marlborough, 
1768^ 16— **PorUons of shires," Ac.— Dr. Bell and Mr. Lan- 
caster—'* Forthlot "-Clergymen hunting in Scarlet— Horse- 
shoes at Oakham Castle—" Throng **— " Mound "—Jacques 
OMasova de Seingalt, 17— The Gamet^headed YafOngale— 
Aothors Wanted, 18. 

NOTES ON BOOKS :-BawUnson's "History of Ancient 
Egypt*'— (Sparrow Simpson's "Chapters in the Hlitory of 
CMi St Faal's"— " PfjITer and seine Zeit "—George's " Oldest 
Flans of Bristol '*— " Begistrum Maimesburiense," YoL II. 

Noliees to Correspondents^ Ac. 

{ContiiMudfrom 6^^ S. iii. 602.) 
TraveU and Voyages. — ^These are yery nameroaB. 
We will fint mention two early pilgrimages to the 
Holy Land. (1) DucrUione del Viaggio cU Santo 
Sepukhro di Hierusaleme et al Monte Sinay, Milan, 
1491, a small 4to., with broad margins, with no 
title-page. (2) Bartholomsens a Saligniaco (Solingen 
in Rhenish Prossia), Itin$rar%um Terra SanctaSf 
Leyden, 1625, small 6yo. Both these books are 
Teiy beantifvdly printed in gothic type. There 
•le some other similar acconnts of pilgrimages, 
with maps and plans. Benzoni's Historia del 
Hondo NuovOf Venice, 1572, has some carious 
woodcato, representing the sagar^oane, the mines, 
the mode of Hying of the Indians, &a It also 
contains one of the earliest descriptions of tobacco. 
There are many snch books, mostly translations 
£n»n the Spanish. It most suffice to mention 
La Preckura Narratiane di Ferdinando CorUse, 
&a, a long title in a triangular form, Venice, 1524, 
4ta, and Bartholonusus de las Casas's, the Spanish 
missionaiy, CrudelUates Hispanorum, with fear- 
fully yiyid illustrations of the tortures inflicted by 
the Spaniards, by Theodore and Israel de Bry, 
Frankfort^ 1614. We haye also PeregrinoHones 
im Indiam OccidentaUm et Orientakm, Frankfort^ 

1598, 4 yols. fol., edited by De Bry and Merian, 
with plates. Marco Polo's trayels are included in 
the second yolume of the Navigationi e Viaggi of 
the Venetian adyenturer and scholar Ramusio, of 
whose 3 yols. foL (Venice, Giunti, 1563, 1574, 
1556) there is a handsome set. The Latin yersion 
is also in Grynseus, Novtu Orbis Regionumy &c., 
Basle, 1555, as well as in Muller's Paulas Venetus 
de Regn. Orient^ together with Haythonus (the 
Armenian Prince Hatto) De Tartaris and Mullerus 
De Caihaia, This quarto (Brandenburgh, 1671), 
of which there are duplicate copies, has a carious 
frontispiece facing the title-page. Three Spanish 
works claim a notice before we pass on to the con- 
tributions of our own countrymen to this branch 
of literature, (a) Garcilasso de la Vem, Del Origin 
de hs TncaSy Lisbon, 1609. (6) Uis Historia 
General del Peru, Gordoya, 1619. £yen in Spain 
these folios are said to be scarce, (c) Diar%o de 
los Capitarus Nodules, Madrid, 1621. This quarto 
has a MS. note in the beginning, stating that it is 
" in truth most extremely rare.'* It is in beautiful 
condition, and contains the wood engraying of the 
interesting chart of the Straits of Magalhaens, 
This is wantlug in the copy in the British Museumi 
the only other known to be in England. 

Of our English writers on trayel we notice these 
works of HakluyL The Principal Navigations, 
&c, London, 1599, in ffothic' typne. This contains 
the best map publiBhed in the sixteenth cental^. 
His Histone of the W. Indies, ''published in 
Latin by Mr. Hakluyt and translated into English 
b^ M. Lok, Gent,*' printed for A. Hebb, London, 
Wine anno. With this are Discoveries, &c., trans- 
lated from the Portuguese of Galyano by R. Hak- 
luyt, 1601, in black letter. The next in order of 
time as well as of publication is Goryat's Orudities 
hastily gobled up in Five Moneths TraveUs in 
France, Savoy, &o., 1611, 4to. The title and 
frontispiece sufficiently indicate the eccentridtjr of 
this unwearied trayeller, who in the following 
year made a much more extended journey to the 
East, and died at Surat, as mentioned by Terry in 
his Voyage, 1655, which is here. In this copy of 
Goryat numerous good plates haye been inserted. 
Of Purchas's Pilgrimes and Pilgrimage there is a 
fine set in 5 folios, 1625. Pnrchas, like Hakluyt, 
was a clergyman with a passion for geographical 
studies. Lithgow's Rare Adventures and Painfull 
Peregrinations, &a, is a curiosity. The date has 
been out off in binding, bat probabl;^ it is one of 
the early quartos, 1611 or 1645. Smith's History 
of Virginia, which he yisited in 1584-1623, is one 
of the best of this class of writings. This fine 
folio, in pale green morocco, was once in the 
possession of James I., of whom, as well as of 
Charles I. when Prince of Wales and of Elizabetii 
there are portraits in the frontispiece. On the later 
yoluminous collections of trayels our space forbids 
as to dwell t 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 


[6lh a IV. JlTLT 2, •81. 

The Descriptian of England, by Paal Henizner, 
may be here mentioned. The Latin edition, 
Kiirnbeig, 1629 (perhaps there are bat foor or fiye 
copies of this in England), and two copies of the 
Strawberry Hill edition, 1757, with the Latin and 
Eo^lish on opposite pa^es, are here. Only 220 
oofnes were issued of this impression, which is on 
delicate paper and in a fine type. The book 
formed part of an itinerary throagh Qermany, 
England, France, and Italy. Hentzner was a 
trayelling tutor to a young German nobleman, 
and they visited England in 1598. His description 
of Queen Elisabeth at Greenwich is worth quotinff : 
" Very majestic, her Face oblong, fair, but wrinkled ; 
her Eyes small, yet black and pleasant, her Nose a 
little hooked, her Lips narrow, and her Teeth 
black (a defect the English seem subject to from 
their too great use of Sugar). She wore false hair 
and that red." There is an interesting collection 
of plates inserted in one of these copies. He 
yisits Eton and Windsor. At the latter place he 
confounds the Winchester Tower with the Bound 
Tower, and makes a more curious mistake in 
speaking of the Wolsey Chapel, where he was 
shown ue preparations made by Cardinal Wolsey, 
** who was afterwards capitally punished." Horace 
Walpole remarks that it was a strange blunder to 
be made, so near the time, about so remarkable a 
person, unless he concluded that whoever dis- 

5 leased Henry YIII. was of course put to death, 
odocus Sinoerus, the author of another of these 
itineraries, Amst^ 1655, 12mo., shows that he, 
too, was not free from credulity or liability to 
mistake. At Westminster a stone is pointed out 
to him, ''in quo Abraham quieverat, cum dor- 
miente {tie) appareret yisio angelorum descen- 
dentium ex cselo." The book is illustrated br a 
score of very clear plates, representing London 
and the chief cities of France and Belgium. 

With a few early works on natural science this 
portion of our subject may dose. One of the first 
u the De re MetaUicd (Froben, Basle, 1561), by 
Agricola, the first mineralogist who appeared after 
the reyiyal of the science in Europe. This fine 
folio contains many large and interesting wood- 
cuts. Of Conrad Gesner's History of Animals, 
the basis of all modem zoology, there are two sets. 
The best is that in three folio Tolumes, 1558, 1586, 
1602, Frankfort There is a complete set which 
is rarely met with, in 12 toIs., 1674, of Aldo- 
Trandus, a professor of natural history at Bologna, 
(oh. 16051 He represents the zoological know- 
ledge of the sixteenth century. 

Bay, Grew Tthe discoTerer of the sexual system 
in plants), Malpighi, and many other seyenteenth 
century writers are here. Of the earliest medical 
authorities, Yesalius, the Dutch anatomist, is the 
only one that need be noticed. He was the first 
to giye a complete description of the human body, 
with designs, which at tne time were ascribed to 

Titian. The Compsndiosa totius Anatamim De- 
limatio ars txarata, per Thomam Geminum, 
Londini, 1545, is an interesting folio with a yery 
elaboratejifrontispieoe. The yolame is embellished 
with forty large coppe^plate cuts, supposed to 
haye been the first rolhng-press work done in 
England. Faakcis St. «foHN Thackeray. 

Eton College. 

{ToU cotUiKUid.) 


Bottom : " Mids. N. Drbaic," IIL i.— Drake^ 
yol. iL p. 351, says that the idea of fixing an ass^» 
nowl on Bottom was most probably taken from 
Re^. Scot, who, at p. 315 of his Discousrie of 
WtUhcraft, gives us a very curious receipt : — 

* Cut off the head of a horsse or an awe (before they 
be dead), otherwise the yertue or strength thereof wiU 
be lease elTectuall, and make an earthen yessell of fit 

capacitie to conteine the same beate the haire into 

powder, and mingle the same with the oile ; and annoint 
the heads of the standen by, and they shall seeme to 
have horsses or asses heads." 

It may be so, but I rather think that a preyious 
passage (bk. y. chap. y. p. 76 of 2nd ed.) gaye the 
first and greater foundation for Shakespeare's 
imagination to work upon. '* The body of man 

is subject to sicknesses and infirmities where- 

unto an asses body is not inclined : and man's, 
body must be fed with bread, &c., and not with 
hay. Bodins asse-headed man must either eat 
hay or nothing ; as appeareth by the story.^ 
There are two reasons for thus thinking. (I) 
Shakespeare must, I think, haye been struck — as 
I at once was when only reading it casually— with 
the discrepancy that Bodin's EngUsh sailor was at 
Ssdamis, as told in the story giyen four pages 
before, and as told in the sentences preceding and 
succeeding the ass-headed clause, turned into an 
ass complete — body, hoofs, and tail (2) Because 
the contrast drawn between eating bread, &c., and 
eating hay was in its turn yery likely to haye 
suggested Bottom's "Methinks I haye a great 
desire to a bottle of hay : good hay, sweet hay 
hath no fellow.'' 

It may be added that " ass-headed ** is not in 
Bodin ; also, that both passages from Scot, 
especiidly that quoted by Drake, snow that Shake- 
sjpeare here introduced no unknown creature of 
his imagination, but brought before his audiences 
one which they had known by report. It was not 
the creatare so much as its walking and talking 
as set forth that made it supremely ridiculous. 

Br. Nicholson. 

806, Ooldhawk Road, W. 

P.S. — It may interest some of the readers of 
" N. & Q." to know that it is my wish to reprint 
Scot by subscription. 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 

«A a IV, Jolt 2, '81 J 




The appearance of a comet in days gone by, 
«part from its astronomical interest, was regarded 
witii extrayagant terror, and made the snbject of 
the most fanciful speculations. Indeed, judging 
from what historians tell us, no more alarming 
portent could possibly present itself, the vulgar 
mind inyesting it with the most mysterious 
eignipcance. Hence, from the earliest times, 
superstitious fancy has associated these curious 
phenomena of our solar system with sundry eyents 
of mundane importance. Thus, Suetonius relates 
that a blazing star appeared for seven days in 
sucoeasion, during the celebration of games insti- 
tated by Augustus in honour of Julius. According 
to the common people this comet indicated his 
reception among the* gods ; and to mark the sig- 
nificance that was attached to what was consider^ 
« supernatural occurrence, hb statues were orna- 
mented with its figure, and medals were struck 
with a representation of it. It is possible that 
Bhakspeare had this event in his mind when he 
wrote the following passage in Julim Ccuatf II. iL : 
'''When beggan die, therv are no comets seen ; 

The beayens themselTes blase forth the death of princes.'* 

Pliny narrates that a comet appeared before the 
death of Claudius, and when Mithridates was 
bom one is reported to have appeared with a disc 
as large as that of the sun. Referring, however, 
io modem times, it may be remembered that the 
Appearance of Halley*s comet in 1456, just as the 
Turks had become masters of Constantinople, and 
threatened an advance into Europe, was regarded 
with a widespread superstitious dread, and to the 
** Ave Maria ' was added the supplication, ** Lord, 
aave us from the devil, the Turk, and the comet." 
The supposed portentousness of the event was 
farther magnified by the occurrence of a lunar 
edipee at Constantinople. Again, the Great 
Plague of London was attributed by many to the 
eomet which appeared in the spring of that year. 
A correspondent of Chambers's Book of j}ay» 
(ii 584), enumerating the superstitious notions con- 
nected with comets, tells us that '* when Lima and 
CaUao were destroyed by an earthquake in 1746, 
the disaster was attributed to a small comet." 
Onnets are also supposed to bring warmth, sun- 
shine, and fruit fulness. The wine of the comet 
year, 1858, is still preferred to that of almost any 
«ther vintage. T. F. Tbisbltok Dtbb. 

Air TTvPUBLiSHnD Lbttbb of Montrobb, 1638. 
^The Marquis of Hamilton, the Royal Com- 
missioner in Scotland, returned to Edinburah 
Sept 15, 1638, with a plan to supersede the 
National Covenant which had been set on foot in 
the preceding Febmaiy, and which Montrose had 
been one of the first to sign. The Commissioner, 
the Privy Council in S^tland, and the whole 

nation were to subscribe the old Confession of 
Faith of July, 1580. It was the proclamation to 
this effect whidi drew forth the protestation of the 
Covenanters, led by Montrose. Their protest was 
so effective that in October Sir Thomas Hope, 
Lord Advocate, advised Hamilton to acquaint the 
king before proceeding further in urging sub- 
scription. The Assembly met November 21, and 
ratified the National Covenant. Montrose spent 
part of July and August in Aberdeen in order to 
push the National Covenant. Here he was assisted 
by Patrick Leslie, provost of Aberdeen, and cousin 
to Lord Rothes, who commended Montrose to him. 
Moreover " that unctuous dame," Lady Pitsligo, ''a 
rank puritan," who dwelt in the Earl MarischaPs 
close at Aberdeen, gave him her countenance, and 
so attracted many auditors to the preaching of the 
Covenanting ministers (see Napier's Life and 
Timsi of Monirosef 1840, and his Memoirs of 
Montrose, 1856). 

Most Loneing freinde I hope oar last hes sinen you 
some small notice of what hes passed heir at thiB tyme, 
aluayes since, ther hes beane ane proclamation which 
we heaae all protested against for rauons whioh you will 
reoeaoe togither with tbe protestation; houeeur we 
think all shall drifi'c ouer untill the Assembly and pas 
to our Contentment houbeit, in case any be requyred to 
subscryue this ould confession whioh the Commissioner 
and tbe Counsell hes signed you will study to imped it 
so heaueing no forder for tbe present bot remembring 
me heartely to all yr goode nibours our fellou labourers 
I am yr uery assured ^eiud Mostsosk. 


you will doe me the fanour to cause delyuer this 
paquett to my Lady pitslygo and if ther come any letters 
direct to me from bir or any in thos quarters to yr I 
hope you will send them to Montrose wher they will 
find me. 

[Endorsed] for my Dere lousing freinde patrik Lesly 
at Aberdeine. 

[Three seals in red wax : a heart pierced fesswise by 
an arrow, and above a cross fitchy between two wings 

'"''*"'■' w. a B. 

"Ds SITU Albania.''— Inasmuch as it has 
pleased Her Majesty to bestow on her youngest 
son, Prince Leopold, chief among the patrons of 
literary culture in these kingdoms, the ancient 
title of Duke of Albany, first assumed by the 
Regent at Scone in 1398, the foUowing passages 
concerning the situation and shape of Albany, from 
a work now almost forgotten, entitled Antiqui- 
taUi CtUo-Normannica, containing the ChronicU 
of Man and the Iile$y Ac, edited by the Rev. 
James Johnstone, M.A., Rector of Maghera-Cross, 
and printed at Copenhagen, 1786^ p. 135, may be 
interesting : — 

"De situ Albania, ousb in se fijuram hominis habet ; 
quomodo futt primitus m septem Regionibus [tie] divisa, 
quibusque nominibus antiquitus sit yocata, et a quibus 
inhabitata.— Bz MS. Bibliothecss Coll. 8120. 

" 1. Operss pretium puto mandare memories, qualiter, 
Albania, et a quibus habitatoribus prinmm habitata. 

Digitized by VnOOS? IC 


[6tfc8.IV. JultS^W. 

qaibuB nominibus naocupftta ei in qnot partibiu pftr- 

" 2. Legimofl in historiifl et in chronicis Mtiqnonim 
JBiritton%m, et in ffeBtis et Mnalibm antiquia Seotorvm et 
Pietorum, (^uod ilia regio qiuB nunc oorrapto Tocatnr 
Seotia, antiqaituB appellabatur Albania ab Alhanaeto 
juniore filio Bruti primi Regia Britianorum majoria 
BriUania. Et poit multum interrallum tetnpdria a 
PicliM Pietavia; qni regnavernnt in ea per oirculnm 
KLXX. annorum. Secundum quoadam mooclx. nunc 
▼ero corrupte vocatur Seotia, iScoUi Tero regnarunt per 
apatium occxt. annorum ; anno illo quo Viikelmut Rex 
Jtufug, frater Malcclmi viri honeataa Titn et Tirtutia, 
regnum ausoepit. 

" 8. Regio enim iata formam et figuram bominia in n 
habet Para namgue pricipalia ejua, id eat, caput eat in 
Arregathil in occidental! parte Seoiim supra mare Hy- 
hemim ; Pedea Tero ejaa aunt aupra mare Norihwaffia ; 
montea rero et deaerta de Arreaaiihel capiti et collo bomi- 
nis aaaimilantur ; corpua Tero ipaius eat mons qui Mound 
▼ocatnr. Qui a mari occidentali uaque ad mare orientate 
•xtenditnr. Braekia autem ejua aunt ipri montea, qui 
diTidunt Seoliam ah Arregaitkel. Latua dexterae partia 
ex Murref et R^s et Mar et Bwhan ; crura enim illiua 
aunt ilia duo principalia et prnclara flumina (quae 
deacendunt de monte prasdicto, i.e. Mound) qum vocantur 
T€it et Spe. Quorum unnm fluit citra montem, alterum 
Tero ultra in mare Nortegale, Inter crura bujua bomi- 
nia aunt Bnegui et Moerne citra montem, et ultra mon- 
tem alise terne inter Spe et montem. 

'*4. Hsec Tero terra a aeptem fratribui diTiaa fuit 
antiquiiua in aeptem partea. Quarum ]>ara principalia 
est Snegut cum Moerni ab Bnegus primogenito fra- 
trum sic nominata. Secunda autem para eat Adtko- 
hodle et 0<mert% ; Para etiam tertia eat Stradeem cum 
MentUd, Quarta pars partinm eat Fife cum FotK-rete, 
Quinta Tero para eat Marr cum Buehen, Sexta autem 
eat Murref et Hos, Septima enim para eat Cathaneeia 
citra montem et nltra montem. Quia mom Mound 
dlTidit Oatbaneaiam per medium." 

In the Eemm Hihemiearum Scriptarei Veterei 
(O'GoDor) will be found some interesting notes 
of the descent of the kings of Albany in a line from 
Conor II., King of Ireland^ and a metrical series 
of these kings from an Irish MS. written about 
jLD. 1057, formerly at Stowe, voL i. p. cxxiy. 
et uq^.f entitled Begum Hibernorum Albanim eeriet 
Metnea, The great mass of eyidenoe on the sub- 
ject between pp. cxxii. and cxliil. will repay the 
perusal of the student of history. K. C. 


The Oxfordshirs Elxctiok of 1754.— A 
little tract on the subject of this yery remarkable 
political contest has recently been printed by Mr. 
William Wing, the actiye secretary of the North 
Oxfordshire iurchseological Society, which possesses 
considerable interest. There is a large amount of 
ephemeral literature connected with these great 
elections which it is by no means easy to meet 
with in after years, but which neyertheless, from 
the many anecdotes they contain and the many 
references in them to local characters and customs, 
are often worthy of being collected and preserved. 
Mr. Wing observes, with regard to the Oxford- 
shire election of 1754, that '* much of the litera- 
ture has survived to our own time." Of course, 

in the first instance it came out in the form of 
handbilll^ broadsides, and newspaper articles, bat 
a good deal of it was subsequently reprinted. It 
would be interesting if Mr. Wing would fayour us 
with a bibliographical note upon these collections. 
I haye the following three, but probably ther» 
were more, published in 1753-4 : — 

The Oxfordabire Oonteat : or, the whole Controveray 
between the Old and New Intereat. Lond., 8to., 1763w 
Pp. 64. 

The Old and New Interest ; or, a Sequel to the Oxford* 
■hire Conteat. Lond.. 8to., 1753. Pp. 72. 

Oxfordshire in an Uproar ; or, the JBlection Hagaaine*. 
Oxford. 8to., no date. Pp. 78. 

Mr. Wing refers to the debates on the Oxford- 
shire election of 1754 as reported in the London^ 
Magazine ; he quotes the imaginary Latin name» 
under which the real names of the members were 
concealed, but does not give the latter. If he has 
not the key, I shall haye much pleasure in sending 
it to him, for Trithout it it is difiicult to find out 
that L. Tarquinius Collatinui stands for Sir O. 
Mordaunt (the sixth baronet^ 1721-78), and that 
Mamiliui Oetaviui means Horace Walpole^ ^<1*» 
not " the Horace," but his uncle, who was created 
Baron Walpole of Wolterton in 1756. 

Edwa&d Sollt. 
Satton, Surrey. 

[Sec « N. & Q.," 5* S. xii, 428 ; 6^ 8. i. 22.3 

London Booksellers and Publtshers in thb 
Sixteenth and SEysNTSENTH Centuries. — ^I 
am a little surprised at the omissions in the seyeral 
lists of London printers and publishers which hay» 
appeared in ''N. & Q." during the last year or 
two, and, though I haye long since giyen up taking^ 
notes of such matters, I think the following sup- 
plementary list may be of interest to some of your 
readers. My notes, as a rule, neyer embraced any 
people who printed or sold books in London before 
Queen Elizaoeth or after Charles I. For the present 
I can ofiTer you only a list of those whose names 
begin with A and B. Others may follow as I 
shall find leisure : — 

Alsop, Bernard, printer.— Printed for Thomas Jonee* 
bookieller, 1621 ; Bicbard FlemiDg, 1618 ; John Hodget» 

Allot, Eobert, bookaeller.--Had a ahop in Paul's 
Churchyard called the Black Bear, irbere Bp. Sarle*a 
Microcoimography waa aold in 1629 ; published Hake* 
wiU*! Apology, 1635. 

Alchom, I'bomaa, bookMller.— At the sign of the 
Oreen Dragon in Paul'a Churchyard, 1634 ; publiahed 
Giles Fleming's PauVs Cross Sermon, 1634. 

Aipley, William, bookseller.^At the sign of the 
Parrot in PaaVa Churchyard. Published Bojb'm Jtemain$t 
folio. 1623. 

AUde, Edward, printer.— Printed for N. Bntter Tke 
Joyful Return of Prince Charles, 1623. 

Bartlett, John, bookseller. — " The Golden Cup in the . 
Goldsmitb'a Row in Cbeapside.'* Pobliahed sermona by 
Richard Harris, of Hanwell, 1610. I find him still at 
hia poat in 1640. 

Boulton, Robert, bookaeller.— Apparently in partnar* 




ihip with one J. Wright They published tttiether A 
CammeHiairy an Romans XL, by Thomas 0raxe, of 
Coventry, 1609. 

Blsdon, WUli&m, bookteller.— At the rign of the Bible 
in Pftal'e Gborchyvrd. Publiehed Sherwood's translation 
of Bede's Rhht and Prerogative of Kxnge^ 1612. 

Barnes, John, bookseller.^" At his shop in Christ 
Church Walk." Published A Looking Olaufor PeHHonert, 
a sermon by John JNewman, of Framlinghami 16mo., 

Bird, Robert, bookseller.^At the sign of the Bible in 
Cheapside. Published Edmond JessopNi JHteovery of the 
Srrors ^the Bngluk AnabapUsU, 1623. 

Bill. John.— The King's printer. 

Badger, lUchard, printer.— Printed for Thomas Al- 

Bvrby, Cathbert, bookseller.— Published Sutton's 
Disce Vivere^ *< at his shop at the Exchange." 1602. 

Bradwood, Melchior, printer. — For Felix Norton, Lady 
Grimeeton's Mieeellania, 1604. 

Beale, John, printer.— For Henry Featherstone and 
John Parker, 1618. 

Barret, William.— Published Coke's dmnra Quo- 
rwuUim Scriptoruwi, kc, 4to., 1614. 

Burre, Walter, bookseller.— Published The Traders 
/lursaM, 4to.,1615. 

Bodge, John, bookseller.— Published Sir A. Gorge's 
True Traneeript, Sao., ** at his shop at Britain Burse," 
4to., 1611. 

Blount, B.— Printed Bryskett's JHteowrte of Civil Life, 
4to., 1606. 

Bourne, Kieholas, bookseller.— Published Explanation 
of Ike General BpieOe of Si. Jnde, by Samuel Otee, folio, 
at his shop at the south entranee of the Boyal Ez- 

Augustus Jeasopp, D.D. 

**Thk Blicbxtho Homilibs/' E. E. Text 
SociBTT. — Dr. Monis, in the preface to his edition 
of these Homilies, writes : — 

" We find a few Latin words in these Homilies, most 
of which are to be met with in earlier documents : 
eantk, tempi, p. 5; aigant, p. 9; myntiere, p. 71; ele, 
p. 78; eareem, p. 85; hiseeop, hiseep, munte, p. 109; 
(ItcoA) diaeon (archdeacon), »uodiaeon,'p» 109; rdiguium, 
p. 127: munt, p. 137; palm (twig) p. 189 ;/e {treow), 
Apostol, p. 156; engle, p. 157; martire, p. 167; eaeere, 
p. 179; tor, p. 187 ; mile, p. 198 ; eealm, p. 199 ; edvusean 
<afan8), p, 199; marmanetdn, p. 203; papa, p. 205; 
mmeepreoit, p. 207; gtcrittnod, p. 215; myntttr, p. 217; 
fefar, p. 217." 

'' Pegn is the ordinary word for ' disciple,' but diseipul 
for ' discipuli ' occurs on p. 277. Ceatter is applied to a 
dty, while the native ww is used with reference to a 
mean Tillage, see p. 77." 

Such lists are bo useful that I hope you will 
find room for this ; and, if so, may I oeg space to 
■apply some missing words 1 My list had been 
made before the preface, &c., appeared. 

C^enihine, p. 141 ; deofol, p. 1 {deofoUtcan, 
p. 137 ; <2so/o2-sercam, p. 173 ; <iio/o^geldnm, 
201, 821) ; gim, pp. 11, 195 ; tawtrt (=laurel, 
. .'X P- 169 ; lUian, p. 7; nordtit, p. 73 ; non- 
tide (=sthree o'clock), p. 47 ; olfenda (of camel's 
liair), p. 169; porticos, pp. 125, 207; raan, p. 7; 
aaeerda, pp. 77, 163» 177; ipiea, p. 73; iircete, 
189; funeean, p. 169 ; <iirtiiran, p. 23; y«n€n 
sbymns), pp. 147, 161. The more doubtful words 



cyrican, pp. 41, 207, fmMie, passim ; eoaol, pp. 69, 
71, also occur. I have not added proper names^ 
but (Jataeumhe, p. 193, which is used as a propel 
name, deserres to be inserted. 

There are traces of the use of Latin and English 
words synonymously, as canHee, p. 5, and sange« 
p. 46 ; «ea{m-sange, p. 199, and lof-sangas, p. 201 ; 
ceoMter and burh, p. 77, of Jerusalem ; bean munt 
and hedh dune, pp. 33, 93; strttU, p. 189, and 
wege, p. 193. The Latin words form compounds, 
as (B2m<i-dffidum, p. 37; 6iseeop-hade, p. 219; 
heah-diaeonos, p. 109 ; heah-englum, p. 25 ; flusiM- 
dagum, p. 47; mun«c-life, p. 213; Hon-tidOp 
p. 47 ; lea jm-sceop, p. 66 ; pop-seld, p. 205 ; 
palm-twig, p. 137; eeotesr-wic, p. 69; uoMUr- 
ware, p. 71 ;fefor'Adle, p. 209. I haye counted 
Greek and Hebrew words taken through Latin 
as Latin words, and I have usually given the 
exact form wbidi first occurs. I haye not added 
references to Dr. Morris's list, but many of the 
words occur more than once. 0. W. Tanooce. 

Old Southwark : the Tatlor Faxilt. 
1629. — The following notes of an Inquisition in 
Lunacy may be of interest as giving the names of 
some of the old inns in Southwark in the early part 
of the seyenteenth century, and as supplying some 
information relative to the Tky lor family of that place. 

On Oct. 14, 5 Charles (1629), an Inquisition in 
Lunacy was taken by which it was returned that 
John Taylor, gentleman, a lunatic, was seised of a 
messuage, tenement, or burgage in Shipyorde, in 
or by Long Southwark, in the county of Surrey, 
commonly called the sign of the Ship, and of a 
messuage, tenement, or burgage in or by Shipyorde 
aforesaid called the sign of the Gonnve, and all 
houses, buildings, shops, &a, respectively being in 
the separate occupations of Robert GbamMiB, 
William Radeye, William Monke, Joseph Wall, 
and Daniel Monster, and of different otner mes- 
suages, &C., in Shipyorde aforesaid, and that John 
Taylor, jun., his son, was at the date of takinff 
this inquisition of the age of one vear one montA 
and thirteen days. This John Taylor (prior to his 
lunacy) married Elizabeth, daughter of Matthew 
Maynwaring, of Nantwich, co. Chester, gent, and 
by an indenture after marriage, dated Dec. 1, 
4 Charles (1628), covenanted with Roger Wil- 
braham, of Derfold, co. Chester, Esq., Richard 
Mynshull, of Nantwich, gent, and Thomas Mayn- 
waring, son and heir apparent of the said Matthew 
Maynwaring, to settle the said premises to tiie 
following uses, to himself for life, then to Elizabeth, 
his wife, for her life, remainder to the use of John 
Taylor, his son and heir in tail male, with succes- 
sive remainders to his second, third, fourth sons, 
&&, in tail male. He was so seised, and on March 
20, 4 Charles (1629), became a lunatic. 

Pensum, Abergele, N. Ws^itized by VjOOglC 



[««k s. IV. Jolt 2. '81. 

*^ Members of Parliamekt," Part II. (Beturn 
ordered by House of Commons, March 1, 1878). — 
Part I. of this interesting Return was noticed at 
some length in the Athmaum of No7. 29, 1879, 
when the hope was expressed that Part 11. would 
contain an alphabetical index of the names of 
M.P.8, which adds so much to the usefulness and 
popularity of Cave's ParliarMTUofy Eegiiter. It 
is to be regretted that this suggestion has not been 
followed, and still more that Part II. should be 
disBgured by a grievous omission, which has been 
completely overlooked in the press. The list of 
Parliaments of the United Kingdom, 1801-1874, 
really ends with the names of the members re- 
turned from Gloucestershire in 1865, for p. 464 
is followed by pp. 643-692, containing the names 
of Irish Members from 1696 to 1800. P. 692 is 
followed by p. 621, which begins with the Par- 
liament of Scotland of 1462. It was not, as I had 
hoped at first, that the binder had transposed the 
pages, for pp. 643-692 appear again in their proper 
place, whilst pp. 465-620 are missing altogether. 
This grave omission in a Parliamentary Return of 
so much historical interest is not creditable, and 
ought to be promptly remedied. Tewabs. 

A Lancashire Custou. — The following extract 
from the St. Jamu's GazetU of June 22, 1881, 
deserves a place in the columns of "N. & Q": — 

"A singular case came before the Clitheroe magis- 
trates yesterday. Once a year the villages of Chipping 
go through the ceremony of electing, as an imaginary 
mayor, the man who has diitinguished himself by getting 
* most drunk.' He is placed upon a chajr, and a proces- 
sion, headed by two intoxicated oomet-players, and 
carrying mops, firearms, and painted sticks, is formed. 
The police summoned two men for taking part in the 
ceremony, as it wai likely to create a disturbance. The 
cases were, however, dismiBsedp and one of the magis- 
trates remarked that he 'approved of these old customs.' " 
T. F. Thiselton Dyer. 

M. LiTTRi AND HIS DiCTioNART.— The follow- 
ing paragraph, which I have cut from the Leed$ 
Mercury of June 7, is worth preserving in 

** The^ Tempt publii^hes a document written by M. 
Littr6 himseii, describing the way in which he econo- 
mized time while working at his dictionary. He rose at 
eight o'clock, and took some work downstairs with him 
while his room was being put in order. At nine o'clock 
he went up again, and corrected proof-sheets till break- 
fast time. From one o'clock till three he worked for 
the Journal det SavanU, and from three till six at the 
dictionary. At six he went down to dinner. It lasted 
about an hour. He says he constantly violated the 
principle that one ahould not recommence work imme- 
diately after dinner, and he never suffered from it 
From seven till three next morning he worked again at 
the dictionary, and after work slept at once, and as 
soundly as man could desire." 


BosTOV AND ITS Peoplb.— The following local 
rhyme occurs in Facts and Btmarhs relative to the 

WitKam and the Wetland, by William Chapman. 
1800, 8vo. The grand sluice at Boston was 
opened on October 6, 1766 : — 

"Great disappointment was experienced by many who 
came to witness the opening of this sluice, and then it 
was that a stranger composed the following eplenetio 

< Boston, Boston, Boston, 
Thou hast naught to boast on 
But a grand sluice and a high sterple, 
A proud, conceited, ignorant people, 
And a coast where souls are lost on.' "—P. 83. 
K. P. D. K 

Seven Gbneratioks.— One evening last week 
I met an old man and a boy returning from their 
day's work ; the man, aged eighty- six, is great- 
grandfather to the boy, aged fourteen. I could 
not let them pass without reminding the old man 
that few people live to see their great-grand- 
children — fewer still live to see them old enough 
to go to work for their living— but rarely indeed 
are they spared in strength to go to work beside 
them. In further conversation my old friend 
told me that he well remembered his great- grand- 
mother, who was buried in 1802 at the age of 
ninety-three, when he followed her to the grave, 
the funeral being impressed on his recollection by 
the fact that the service was read by the light of a 
lantern on a dark winter's afternoon. This hale 
old workman has thus seen seven generations. 

W. D. Parish, 


The Ensbworth Registers. — 

" Fragments of an ancient original Register of Kneb- 
worth, consisting of 86 leaves, * found amongst some old 
waste papers in a private house.' The first leaf is 
headed, * A booke, or registre, conteyninge all Chris- 
teninges, Msryages, and Buryalls within the parish of 
Knebworthe,' from 29 Sept., 1598, to 1720, along with the 
Churchwardens' accounts from 1698 to May, 1609." 

In looking over the appendix to the Third Report 
of the Royal Historioal Manuscripts Commission, 
p. 367, I noted the above, being portion of a 
collection of 178 volumes of MSS. collected by 

the Rev. Jones, now in London, in the library 

of the Rev. Dr. Williams, Grafton Street East. 
A. knowledge of the whereabouts of this register 
may prove serviceable to genealogists ; hence I 
send it for insertion. F. A. B. 

Wilkib's Picture of the Queen's First 
Council. — In this picture, so well known from 
the engraving, the appearance of the Queen dressed 
in white must often nave caused surprise. In the 
interesting Life, lately edited bv the Hon. Mrs. 
Hardcastle, Lord Campbell says (vol. ii. p. 100} : — 

** Lest sny of my children, from feeing Wilkie's pic- 
ture, in which I am introduced, should suppose that I 
attended in a silk robe and full-bottomed wig, let me say 
that the costumes are all the invention of the painter. 
The privv councillors and others who were present 
attended in their usual morning dresses; and the Queen 

6* S. IT. JOH 2, '81.] 


was in Uad, instead of wearing a wbite muslin robe, as, 
for artistic effect, be has repreaented her." 


Ultra- Cbntsnariavism. — It may possibly be 
a matter of interest to Mr. Thoms and other of 
your readers to learn that there is an old lady 
residing at Crampeall, near Manchester, who on 
the 10th of Jane reached the extraordinary age of 
one hundred and seven year& This Tenerable 
lady, Mrs. Jane Pinkerton, was bom north of the 
Tweed on the 10th of June, 1774, in very humble 
circumstances, and migrated to England when a 
young woman. She has a very yivid recollection 
of the events that occurred during the memorable 
period commencing with the French Revolution 
and terminating with the battle of Waterloo, and 
it is her chief delight to recount to her many 
vbitors her reminiscences of eighty and ninety 
years ago. Joseph Brown. 


Apple-Scoops. — Some fifty or sixty years ago 
apple-scoops made out of bone were in general use, 
and were even placed on the dessert table with 
dishes of apples, as crackers are with nuts. Clare, 
the Northamptonshire poet, notices this in his 
Shephtrd's Calendar:— 

'* Some spent the hour in leisare's pleasant toil, 
Making their apple-scoope of bone the while." 

But the fashion has changed, and it is now rare to 
meet with one of the old bone scoops, and still 
more rare to see any person scooping an apple in 
the good old-fashioned way that took out the sweet 
pulp. Edwin Less, F.L.S. 


Diversity of School PaNi8HMBNTS.~MR. 
PiCKFORD mentions (6^^ S. iii. 478} that a school- 
boy at Eton in the time of the Plague was whipped 
for not smoking. Curiously enough, within the 
last month I heard at Eton, that a boy has just 
been sent away, or rather expelled, from the 
Charterhouse, his only offence being that he was 
found smoking. 

"llle cmoem sceleris pretiam tulit, bic diadema." 
Mus Urbanus. 
The Covet : Shakspeare.— 

" K. Hen. By being seldom leen, I oonld not stir, 
Bot, like a comet, I was wonder'd at : 
That men would tell their children, ' This is he ': 
Others would saj— 'Where) wbicb isBoHngbroker" 

It may be interesting to note that a brilliant 
comet was seen in 1402, the year in which the 
action of this play commences. 

W. D. Parish. 


We must request correspondents desiring information 
on family matters of only prirate interest, to affix their 
names and addreaees to their queries, in order that the 
answers may be addreised to them direct 

Ancient Kalendaks.— Can any of your readers 
explain the meaning of a capital S which is pre- 
fixed to seventy-seyen minor festivals in the 
calendar of the Leofric Missal^ c. a.d. 970? I 
append a list of the thirty-four da^s so marked 
out of a total of one hundred and thirteen festivals 
in the first six months \-^ 

Jan. 2, Oenorefa; 18, Oct of the Epiphany; 14, 
Felix; 16, Marcellus; 18, Prisca; 20, Sebastian: 21 » 
Agnes ; 22, Vincent ; 24, Babillus ; 25, Conr. of St Paul ; 
28. Oct of St Agnes. 

February 5, Agatha; 14, Valentine; 22, Cathedra 

March 9, ZL Milites. 

April 14, Tiburtius; 23, George; 24, Mellitus; 28> 

May 6, St John, ante Port Lai ; 10. Qordian ; 12, 
Nereus; 18, Eccles. B.M.y.; 14, Victor; 19, Potentiana; 
25, Urban. 

June 2, Marcellinus; 9, Primus; 12, Basilidea; 18, 
Marcus; 19, Ger?asius; 2S^ Etheldreda; 2d, John; 28, 

In the same perpendicular line with the S a 
capital F, evidently for Festum, is prefixed to 
thirty-three festivals, almost exclusively connected 
with our Lord, the B.Y.M., and the apostles. 
Both the F and the S are ornamented with & 
middle point on either side (F* *S'). The only 
other calendar which I have seen where a similar 
arrangement exists throughout is in Gott. MS., 
JuL A. vL, where almost exactly the same days 
are selected for both marks as in the Leofrio 
Missal. The same arrangement occurs in Tib. 
B. v., but has been carried out for January only. 

F. E. Waresn. 

St John*s College, Oxford. 

''A creature of Christ."— This epithet occurs 
fre<][uently in the sixteenth century register of 
bunals of children at Kidderminster. What is its 
exact meaning ? It appears to be added only in 
those cases in which no Christian name is given ; 
but I will not be certain of this, not having had 
time to go carefully through the volume. 

J. 0. H.-P. 

William of Wtkeham. — Is there any evidence 
to prove that William of Wykeham's coffin has 
not been opened, as those of so many bishops 
in Winchester Cathedral have been at various 
times 1 I have a very good reason for asking this. 

Pitney House, Teo?iL 

'' Inland.*'— I heard this word used to-da^ in a 
sense that is new to me, and I shall be glad if any 
of your readers will tell me whether it is known to 

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[«AB. IV. July 2, '81. 

them. An old man, speaking of another, Bald, 
^' He went with the hones for a number of years, 
but he never did no hard work at sack-carrying 
and such, for he always went along with the inland 
team." The word seems to mean '' on the land " 
or " on the farms," in distinction to the road or 
journeys to market with a waggon. 

W. D. Parish. 

CoNTSRS OF North Yorkshire. — Can any of 
your readers refer me to a pedigree of this line 
of Conyers 1 They were connected, I apprehend, 
with the Scroopes of Danby, the Bells of Thirsk, 
And Bakers of Elemore, such connexion arising 
from the marriages by wealthy heiresses of the 
name of Conyers into those families. 


[The following references in Manhairs Ottualogisft 
Ouide, #.». " Conyers," may be of use :— Foster*! Vuttct- 
iiont of Torkthtre, 71, 164, 244, 608; Surtees Soc., 
xxxTl. 840, zli.48; Wbitaker's Ridimondshirt, ii. 42; 
•OraTOs's CUvtland, 49, 880, 489; Ord's Cleveland, 655; 
Burke's Landed Gentry, second edit] 

Sir Jambs Luttrill or Loteril, died Feb. 
'2, 39 Hen. VI. (Rot. Pat. 9 Edw. IV., Part 2), 
leaving his wife Elizabeth surriving, who made 
■affidayit in 1475 that she was not an alien, but 
bom at Exeter, and was wife to the said James 
-from Dec. 29, 39 Hen. VI., till his death. (J&., 
15 Edw. IV., Part 1.) Of what family was Eliza- 
beth ? and how came Sir James to be in possession 
of Dnnster Castle, co. Somerset, which ** came to 
our hands with all lands held by James Loterell, 
Knight » (16., 9 Edw. IV., Part 2) ? 


The "Georgia Gazette."— This paper began 
in 1763. It is not in the British Museum, nor are 
the earlier numbers in the library of the Historical 
Society of Savannah. W. Stephens wrote a journal 
a little earlier of occurrences in Georgia ; it is in 
three yolumes. The third yolume is not at the 
British Museum. Does any one know if these 
gazettes or this third volume exist in England ? 

A OwT. 

A Stone Coffin found in the Merset. — 
Bome years ago I read a very interesting account, 
taken from an Eaglish newspaper, of the finding of 
a stone coffin in the river Mersey, somewhere, I 
think, near Runcorn. Its discovery was somewhat 
lingular, but I have forgotten the circumstances. 
Something was said about presenting it, with its 
contents, to the British Museum. I have never 
iseen any notice of it since. Perhaps some of the 
readers of " N. & Q." can furnish further informa- 
tion. C. W. 0. 

Columbus, Ohio, U.S. 

KuMiSMATic: Medal. — Martin Luther. AR. 

Obv.: l^g^f S8 . 1ST . DER . 8CHRIFFT . OEMAS . 

WAS . LUTHER . HAT . OELEBRT ; bust front fsOO ; 

ex., OEB . 1483 . 10 . not . gest . 1546 . 18 . febr. 
Rev. Leg., drum . bletbt . es . felsen . oleich . 
AUCH . EWia . untersshrt ; field, abase of rocks, 
on which is a table and on it an open book, in- 
scribed BIBLIA : over it an eye in a radiated 
triangle, clouds to left with wind, clouds to right 
with forked lightning ; ex., das . anderb . 
iubblfbst . 1717 . 31 . ootob . Edge plain. I 
shall be glad of any information respecting this 
medal It is Teiy rudely struck, and the legend 
is partly double struck. To what event in Luthex^s 
life does it refer ? W. Statenhagsn Jones. 
79, Ourlton HUl, N.W. 

An Epitaph. — Who was the author of the 
following epitaph ? — 

** Underneath this stone doth lie 
As mach virtae as could die. 
Which in life did vigour giro 
To as much beauty as could live." 

This beautiful epitaph occurs on several old tombs 
near Edinburgh, but I have a strong conviction 
that I have read it in some one of the older 
English poets. Some persons have attributed it 
to Ben Jonson, but they thought, erroneously, 
that it formed part of that poet's famous epitaph 
on the Countess of Pembroke. R. S. S. 

The Seticour Crest. — What is the reason for 
the discrepancy, in the blazoning of the phoenix in 
the Seymour crest, between the various heralds 
and other writers? — 

Guillim. — Out of a crown a phoenix sacrificing 
herself, all proper. 

Collins.— Out of a ducal coronet or a phosnix 
in flames proper, with wings expanded or. 

Debrett. — Out of a ducal coronet or a phoenix in 
flames proper. 

Mrs. Bury Pallisser.— On p. 382, Out of a ducal 
coronet or a phoenix or ; on p. 330, a phoenix in 
flames proper. 

Burke.— Out of a ducal coronet or a phoenix 
of the last in flames proper. 

Which blazon of the phoenix is correct? Or 
are they correct in blazoning the phoenix " or ** at 
one date and " proper '' at another, and when was 
the change made ? What was the correct blazon 
of the phoenix in the crest of Sir Edward Seymour, 
of Beri7 Pomeroy, Devon, o6. 1613? ^ 

Chas. D. Pitcher. 

H6tel Yenddme, Boston, U.8. 

"Pomatum." — When di4 this Latinized form 
of pomade or pomvnade come into use in our lan- 
guage? I have not found the word in the dic- 
tionaries of Nares, Halliwell, or Wright. Richard- 
son gives TaileVf No. 246, for the earliest use of it, 
whilst Johnson quotes only from Wiseman. I 
have recently met with the word in Decker (1604) : 
"Zounds, I looke worse now then I did before, 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 




and it makes her face glister most damnablv; 
ther 's knavery in dawbing, I hold my life, or else 
this is only female FomcUum,'* It is also in The 
Sun*s Darling f written by Ford and Decker, 11. L : 
" Creature ! of a skin soft as pomatum, sleek as 
jelly, white as blanched almonds/' 



Robert Burns. — In his letter to Dr. John 
Moore (Boms's works, Chambers's foar-YoL edition, 
1856, ToL L p. 2) Burns writes : — 

** I haye not the most distant pretentions to aasome 
ihat character which the pie-coated guardians of 
esentcheons call a gentleman. When in fidinburgh 
last winter I got acquainted in the Heralds' office : and 
looking through that granary of honours I there found 
ahnoflt every name in the kingdom; but for me 
'Hy ancient but ignoble blood 

Has swept through seonndrels ever linee the flood.' 
Onles, Forpnre^ Argent, kc., quite disowned me." 
My query is concerning the two lines Bums gives 
as a poetical quotation. Were the lines Bums's 
own, the inverted commas being used to throw 
readers off the scent, a trick not unknown in 
authorship 1 George IiraLis. 


Bishop Dooosov, of Elphin and Baphos, 
Eighteenth Centurt. — Can any one give bio- 
graphical particulars as to him 1 He was, I 
oelieve, the grandfather of the late Archdeacon 
Dodgson, who translated Tertullian for the Oxford 
patristic series. D. N. 

Elieabbth, Daughter of John, Marquis of 


8cropb of Upsall and (2) Sir Hbnrt Went- 
worth. — ^Who are the present representatives of 
the above t If they cannot be ascertained, to 
what point and how late a date can the pedigree 
l>e traced? J. W. Standerwick. 

Marriages and Burials of Servants. — I 
should be glad to know of any early instances of 
marriage or burial in which the persons married 
or buried, being servants, are described in the 
{MTOchial register as such. J. S. A., writing on 
another subject, has in " N. & Q." supplied a case 
in point (fi^^ S. iiL 477), namely, that of one 
Dionysia, servant of John Fabyan, buried in 
1626/6. And I have lately found such a case in 
the Register of Sutton St. James, in Holdemess; 
tt is among the burials, and stands thus : " 1724, 
June y* 3, Margret Hunsman, a servant." 

A. J. M. 

Winhoff's "Landrecht van Averissel.*' — 
Will any correspondent, familiar with the biblio- 
graphy or literary history of the Low Countries, 
refer «ie to any notice of Melchior Winhoff, or his 
essay aa the Landrecht of Oberwesel ? The copy 

which is before me is a small octavo, '' CMrukt 
tho Deventer, og Simon Greenberch, anno 1659.'' 

A. 0. R 

Authors of Quotations Wanted. — 
"Qaand on aims, rien n'est friTole, 
Un rien afflige, un rien console." 

J. P. H. 

(6«» S. iil 368.) 

In reply to Me. Goulton Constable, may I ask, 
Who was Hereward le Wake ? He is the hero of 
fiction. Of his parentage nothinff whatever seems 
to be known. The name of Wf^e, or le Wake, 
which is given by modern writers to Hereward, is 
taken from the Chr<micle of John of Peterborough, 
an author of uncertain date and personality. (Cf. 
Chroniem Anglim Fetroburgeme, ed. Giles, Lon- 
don, 1846, pp. 66, 66.) From this Chronicle we 
learn that in a.d. 1069 "died Brand, Abbot of 
Burgh, and uncle of Hereward le Wake" (p. 66). 
Brand was succeeded in the abbacy by Turold or 
Thorold. Mr. (Goulton Constable inquires if 
Thorold, the brother of Godiva, was '' the same 
Thorold who succeeded Brand as Abbot of Peter- 
borough." No. There were two Turolds or 
Thorolds. Turold the shire-reeve (vicecomei), and 
brother of Lady Godgifu, or Godiva, as modem 
folks call her, held lands in Lincolnshire, and gave 
Buchehal to St. GuthWs Abbey of Crowland for 
the good of his soul (Bomstday, f. 346 6). Turold 
the Abbot of Burgh was a monk of F^mp, who 
had been made Abbot of Malmesbury by William 
the Norman ; and because he was a veiy " stem 
man" he was thence removed by William to 
Peterborough, when Herewajrd and his men 
appeared (Saloon Chrcn,, ad ann. 1070). 

The little that is really known of Hereward is 
this. He held lands in Lincolnshire, a portion of 
which were held of the Abbey of Crowland, and 
of which Abbot XJlfoytel resumed possession be- 
cause Hereward had not kept his agreement 
{Dom£sday, p. 377). XJlfcytel was appointed 
abbot in 1062 ; at some time after this date Here- 
ward fled the countrv, but for what cause we are 
not told (cf. Domesday, p. 376 6). In 1070 and 
1071 he appears again as the plunderer of Peter- 
borough and leader of the outlaws at Ely. This 
is the whole of his undoubted history. 

There is nothing beyond the legend to show 
whether Hereward's father was or was not called 
Leofrio; and there is no evidence whatever to 
make Hereward a son of the great Earl of the 
Mercians. The mistake arose solely from a late 
and blundering roll printed in the Chroniguee 
AngUhNormandet, II. xiu The same roll gives 

Leofric a third nameless son who was SHduXdrr/^ 

Digitized by OTJDS? IC 



[6tfc S. IV. July 2, '81. 

f erHum pa/rwlum^ eujui nomen non habdwr. Even 
Sir Henry Ellis entertained this mistake (ii. 146). 
(Of. Freeman, iL 629.) 

I believe the following to be a correct pedigree 
of the deacendante of Leofwine, the father of Earl 
Leofric : — 


Korthman, dux, eze- Leofric, 
euted 1017 with 
Eadric Streona {Sax. 
Chron,, ad ann. 

:, Earl of 

Merciant, ■¥ Aug. 
81, 1057 {Sax. 
Chron.^ ad aon. 

the»Oodgifu. sister 


of " Turold, 
Shire-reeve of 

Eadwine, slain 
by the Welsh 
1039 {Sax 
Chron., ad 
ann. 1089). 

Godwine, rcceiTed extreme unotion= 
on bit deathbed from Wulstan, the 
deaa, wsisted by Wilstan. after- 
wards Abbot of Gloucester (Heming, 
Chart, Wigom., p. 269). 

^Ifgar. succeeded to the earldom of==JEfg'fii. 
his father (Sax, Chron., ad ann. ' 
1057) + 1063. 

JBgelwine, one of the hostages given to^ 
the Danes, by whom his hands were 
eat off (Heming, t&.). 

Eadwine, + Morkere, + 

1071 (Sax. 1078 {Chro. 

Chron., ad Petrob., ad 

ann. 1071). ann. 1073). 

Gruffydd ap Uewellvn, King of Norths 
Wales, slain Aug. 6, 1063 {Sax. Chnm., 
ad ann. 1063), first husband ; succeeded 
by his uterine brothers Blethgent and 

:iBlgitha=Harold. after- Lucy, mar. 1, Iva 

• wards King of Talbois of Anjou ; 

England, mar. 2, Koger de Ro- 

1066, fell at mara ; 3, Ranulf,. 

Hastings 1066. 1st E. of Chester. 

Trahaera ap Oaradoc, succeeded Gruffydd=Nest. 

after his uterine brothers. 

The fable of the ride of Lady Gtodiva through 
Coventry is exploded by one very simple fact : 
anterior to the Norman invasion the town of 
Coventry did not exist. 

Who was Leofric, Abbot of Peterborough ? He 
attended Harold at the battle of Hastings. We 
learn from the Saxon ChranicU that — 
• Leofric, Abbot of Peterborough, was in that same ex- 
pedition ; and there he grew siok and came home, and 
was dead soon after on the night of All-Hallows Mass. 
God be merciful to his soul I In his day all was bliss, 
and all good in Peterborough ; and he was dear to all 
the people, so that the king gave to St. Peter and to him 
the abbacy at Burton, and that at Coventry, which the 
Earl Leofric, who was his nncle, had before made, and 
that at Crowland, and that at Tfaorney. And he did so 
much for good to the Minster at Peterborough in gold, 
and in silver, and in vestments, and in land as never did 
any before him, nor any after him. Then was the 
Golden Burgh turned into the Wretched Burgh " (ad 
ann. 1066). 

The pedigree in the MoiMUlicon makes Earl 
Leofric the son of Leofwine, the son of Leofric, 
the son of iEl^r, the son of ^Ifgar, the son of 
Leofric. Mr. Freeman suggests another descent 
(vol. L p. 456). Looking to the names, it seems not 
improbable that Abbot Leofric may have been the 
son of Duke Northman, the elder brother of Earl 
Leofric. I should be very glad of any evidence 
on this point. Nothing is more likely tban that 
Leofric, sickened at his father's untimely death— 
for many of the chroniclers say that Northman 
was executed without cause—should have sought 
in religious life that peace which the world cannot 
sive ; whilst his own merits, and the fact of his 
Ang nephew to the munificent and pious Earl of 

tion to the highest dignities in the Order of Sfc. 
Benedict. Edmund Watertoh. 

Thb Metrical Psalms (fi^ S. iii. 409).-- 
There is no ascertainable authority, I imagine, for 
the use even of the old version of the Psalms. Th^ 
title of the completed version of the Psalms, by 
Sternhold, Hopkins, and others, for at first only 
twenty were printed with a dedication to the king, 
conUins that it was '* Set forth and allowed to be- 
sune in all churches, of aU the people together 
before and after Morning and Evening Prayer, and 
also before and after Sermons." Bishop Beveridg* 
observes upon this setting forth and allowing,— 

"Which could not be, without the royal authority t 
none having power over all the churches in the kingdom, 
but the kiM himself. And, therefore, altho' his letters- 
patents, or his sign manual cannot be now produced ; yet 
that they who first printed or set forth this book, had 
his order or licence under hU hand for it, cannot be 
doubted. For otherwise, they durst never have pre- 
sumed to have said, that it was set forth and a^low^ to^ 
be sung in all churches. And if they had done it at first, 
they would soon have been questioned for it, and those 
words ordered to be left out in all future editi^s, -A 
Defence of the Booh of PuUnu, 6y SUrnhold, ffophtm^ 
and others, Lon. 1710, p. 27- 

He also lays stress on the " cum privilegio regi* 

regali" at the foot of the title {Ibid. p. 28). 

Jer. Collier states, more candidly,— 

" Yet this allowance seems rather to import connivance 

than approbation; for those who have searched into 

this matter with the utmost care and curiosity, could. 

neverdiscover any authority cither from the Crown or the 

Convocation."— JBerf. Jfitt. pt.ii.bk. iv. p. 826, Lon. 1714. 

Alterations without authority were made from 

beioff nephew to the maniboent ana piorw xan oi ^wsrauuu. wi.uu«. --.•.^....J V j^r^vnT—-;... 
the fieraittw, would dewrredly ensure hi. promo- 1 time to time to aBfJI^zf^bf"'^"***^ *" otherwise 




dtsapproTed expressions (Bp. Beyeridge, ti.s., pp. 
62, 81). 

The new yersion of Tate and Brady receiyed 
the sanction of an Order in Oooncil on December 
3, 1696 ;— 

" Hii majesty taking the same (petition) into his royal 
consideration is pleased to order in council, that the 
said yersion of the Psalms in English metre be, and the 
aame is hereby allowed and permitted to bemused in all 
■Qoh churches, chapels and congregations as shall think 
fit to reoeiTe the same."— P. B., Oz., 1790. 

And on May 23, 1698, the Bishop of London, in a 
letter to the clergy of his diocese, expressed his 
Irish for "the good suocess of the royal indulgence," 
and recommended the use of it (Ihid.). 

The history may be completed by mention of 
another yersion of the Psakos, that which appears 
in the Scotch Prayer Book of A.D. 1637, and which 
is equally to be taken as allowed in this part of 
the dominions of the crown. Haying been found 
among the papers of King James, it was printed 
by commana of Charles I. as Ths Fsalnu of King 
DavH tramlated by King James, with the royid 
order as follows : — 

" HaYing caused this Translation of the Psalms (where- 
•f our late dear Father was author^ to be perused, and 
it being found to be exactly and trul j done, we do hereby 
anthorise the same to be imprinted according to the 
patent granted thereupon and do allow them to be sung 
in all the churchesof our dominions, recommending them 
to all our good subjects for that effect."— Bp. Bey, hj„ 
p. 118. 

With yarious alterations, this appears to be the 
yersion printed as " the yersion approyed by the 
Church of Scotland," and is now in common use. 

It seems, in answer to the query, that there is no 
positiye authority for the old yersion which can 
be ascertained, it is presumed, from the title and 
from the subsequent result, that it was interfered 
with neither by the Crown nor the Conyocation ; 
and the same also is in like manner to be said 
of the hymns which haye been so long bound up 
with it There is no allusion to them in the Order 
in Council of William III. u.s. The question of 
the authority of the old yersion of the Psalms has 
now become of fresh interest from its relation to 
the similar question of the meaning of the term 
"allowed " in respect of the Authorized Version of 
the Bible, the Lord Chancellor haying expressed 
his opinion in a letter to Lord Carnaryon. 

Ed. Marshall. 

In reply to An Old Fooie I would answer, (I) 
The hymns at the end of the metrical Psalms 
were annexed to those Psalms from time to time, 
and published by the same authority as were the 
Psalms themselyes. Some of these, as '* The Songe 
of Simeon, the ten Commandments, and the Lord's 
Prayer," were added in 1661, when only eighty- 
seyen of the Psalms had been yersified. I should 
suppose that Tate and Brady's Psalms were neyer 
issued without the hymns, but speak " under cor- 

rection." The "authority" which the yarious 
yersions in use at one time or other haye had is 
discussed in Observations upon the Metrical Ver- 
sion of ike Psalmsy &c., by the Rey. Heniy John 
Todd, M.A., F.S.A., London, 1822, and in other 
works there referred to. (2) Hymns, other than 
those at the end of the metrical Psalms, came into 
general use in the earlier part of the present cen- 
tury, being spoken of by Todd and others quoted 
by him as a sort of unauthorized innoyation 
charged against by bishops, and so on. Todd 
mentions a " Selection of realms and Hymns^ by 
the learned Dr. Maltby and his associates," first 
published in 1815 (p. 13) ; a ^^ColUction of Hymns^ 
printed at York, of which there are seyeral editions,*^ 
and a " Selection of Psalms and Hymns^ published 
at Sheffield, by the Rey. T. OatterUl" (Pref. xiii, n.). 
As early, howeyer, as 1790 a Dean of Westminster 
deliyered himself against the use of any hymns 
but "the Psalms of Dayid," solemnly asking 
" What subject of religion is there which these can- 
not supply?" and presuming that the necessity 
for anything more suitable for Christian use " ia 
only imaginary" (Todd's Preface, p. xii). The 
general disuse of the metrical Psalms was a neces- 
sary result of the general use of modern hymns, 
and in later times of hymns, ancient as well as 
modern, expressiye of Christian sentiments. (3) 
Clergymen suppose they haye the same authority 
for introducing any particular hymn book as 
they haye for saying anything in their sermona 
which they deem " to the use of edifying." The 
use of metrical Psalms or hymns other than the 
hymns in the Ordination Seryice rests on the 
same " authority " as the use of a black gown in 
the pulpit, of a collect or inyocation before the 
sermon and a doxology after it ; of any sermon at 
all at eyensongi of a surplice, hood, and stole in 
the celebration of Holy Communion, and many 
other things either not ordered in the Prayer Book 
or directly contrary to its directions, yet sanctioned 
by custom, and by popular and episcopal appro- 
bation. (4) A metrical Psalm may yery properly 
be called a hymn. Why not ? And there seems to 
be no reason whateyer why the hymns of Hebrew 
origin in our collections should be separated from 
the rest. Why should they be ? J. T. F. 

Bp. Hatfield's Hall, Durham. 

Earl of Cleveland : Lords Wentworth of 
Nbttlbsted, &c. (6«» S. ii. 408 ; iiL 50, 72, 96, 
116, 163, 227, 271, 312, 333, 414).— The original 
will of Thomas, Earl of Cleyeland, now in the 
possession of Mr. T. C. Noble (who has most 
kindly furnished me with a full abstract of it), 
completely confirms the opinion I always eater- . 
tained that the Earl of Cleyeland had two sons 
named Thomas. This duplicating of Christian 
names was not uncommon in the Wentworth 
family, and I haye one instance where threo^ 
Digitized by VnOOQlC 



[(JA B. IV. J01T 2, '81. 

brothers each bore the name of Jchn Wentworth. 
This will is dated September 21, 1640, after, 
but yery shortly after, the Earl had married 
his second wife, Lacy Wentworth. Most pro> 
Yokingly he mentioned her only as his wife, Uiongh 
making her his executrix, without giving her 
Christian name. The earl liyed more tbun twenty- 
six years after the date of this will, and although 
he narrates that, in order it '' may not miscarry," 
be had deposited copies in the hands of Sir Oliyer 
Luke, Mr. Selden, and Gapt. Rossingham, it 
does appear to have miscarried, for, if discovered, 
it was never proved, and a creditor administered 
the estate the year after the earl's death. It may 
be hoped that Mr. Noble will himself print the 
wUl entire. In the meantime I give the substance 
of the two passages that touch the question in 
controversy in " N. & Q." :— 

** I give to my eldest sonui Thomas, Lord Wentworth, 
all my horses [except coach horses, which were to go to 
the Coanteis], alio £100 for a ring, and mv prayers to 
Ood for him that hee may live to marry as kinde a wife 
as it will apeare to the worlde by the settlement of my 
fortune I have byn a loving Father to him." 

There can^ of course, be no doubt as to the iden- 
titv of this son, who subsequently married Phila- 
delphia Gary, and died two years before his father. 
The passage in the will is otherwise important, 
as showing that he did not marry until after Sept. 

The other passage referred to occurs consider- 
ably later in the will, and is as follows : — 

''For my youngest sonne, Thomas Wentworthe, one 
annuety during his life of four scoare and seaventeene 
pounds as a legacy only." 

There can be no doubt that this was the 
*** Thomas Wentworth, Esquire, son to the Earl 
of Cleveland,'' who was buried at Toddington in 
October^ 1643. The only question remaining is 
whether he was the earFs son by his first or 
second wife. The first countess died in January, 
1637/8, and this will is dated two years and 
«ight months later. The daughter Catharine, 
hitherto supposed to be the only child by the 
second countess, was then living, as the earl 
bequeathed to her 4002. Whether the second 
Thomas was a twin with her, or whether they 
were of separate births during the thirty-two 
months between the death of the first countess 
and the date of the will, or whether he was a son 
of the first countess are still questions to be 
solved. Joseph Lsmuel Chester. 

"Basket" (6"» S. iiL 467).— BcwAjef is not a 
true (Teutonic) English word at all, but borrowed 
from Celtic. If we include horrowed words, there 
is nothing to show that haikei is older than street, 
or any other borrowed word. The real date of 
purely English words, of Teutonic and Aryan 
origin, is beyond all calculation. It is a common- 
place example in philology to say that the English 

word work is, in one respect, older in form than 
the cognate Greek ergon^ which early lost its 
initial digamma ; and a long list might be made 
of English words which are better preserved as to 
form than their cognates in Greek or Latin, or 
even Sanskrit. Thus the English star shows to 
advantage beside the Sansluit iara^ with lost 
initial s; the Latin tidla (for stsruki*), which is 
only a diminutive or secondary form ; and the 
Greek <uW(m, with an unoriginal initial voweL 
▲ paper of mine on the word an was printed in 
the Cambridgt Journal of Philology, showing that 
our modem English word contains the original 
vowel a of the root as, to be, which is lost in the 
Sanskrit ianti, lost in the Latin iunt, and changed 
in the Greek eiri. It follows that this word are is 
a clear three thous&nd years old. People are apt 
to forget that common English words, such as sun, 
moon, star, and the like, must have been in use 
for at least fifteen hundred years before ever 
they had the luck to be written down. English 
appears younger than Greek to the uninitiated 
because it was not written down at so early a 
date, precisely as Latin appears younger than 
Greek. But any one who knows a little of Latin 
and Greek etymology (an accompluBhment at 
least twenty times more common than is a 
knowledge of TeuUmie philology) knows that Latin 
is remarkable for preserving more original forms 
than Greek, and is decidedly more arcmaic in its 
general character. Great confusion exists on these 
points in the minds of most Englishmen, as their 
study of philology is generally unsystematic and ill 
arranged. Walter W. Seeat. 


There is some apparent confusion in Mr. 
Walford's mode of expressing himself as to this 
word, as *' one of the oldest words in our language," 
and *' in use here among the Britons dunng the 
Roman occupation." The ocQurrenoes of this 
Celtic word in Martial and Juvenal are well 
known, but I think most of the authorities 
hesitate to consider basket as one of the few Celtic 
words adopted by the English in very early days. 
However, it is not so much a question of authorities 
as of occurrence ; and where does it occur 1 Not, 
so far as I know, in the earlier English writings 
anywhere ; not in the Chronicles, nor in Csedmon, 
nor Beowulf. The two often-quoted later examples 
are in Chaucer and the Promptorium Parvuhrum, 

The early writers seem to nave been able to do 
without borrowing the word ; thus the Anglo-Saxon 
Gospels, in the nassages where we use dasJbsts, 
have wylian, eeaiolas or ceoflas, foUSer, monda (our 
maund), cypan (our cup), and even sperta (Latin 
sportos) ; but like Wiclif, who has eoffyns and 
lepis, they did not admit baskets. It would be 
interesting if we could have some early quotations 
of the word. 0. W. Tancock. 


Digitized by LnOOQlC 




This can hardly, I think, be claimed as an 
English word, eaye in the sense that all words 
are English which have been adopted into our 
ianguaee and retained in common use. It is the 
Welsh mu^ed, originally, it would seem, hatgatod, 
whence the Latin hasca^a. I suppose there is 
no doubt that it comes to us by direct inheritance 
from the Cymric Celts who formerly inhabited this 
oonntiy. Other instances of words of Welsh 
origin in daily use are flanndy funnd, gown, mop, 
^rUr (1), and many more ; sJso the Latin word 
pdorritum (Hor. Saty i. 6, 104) was taken from a 
Celtic source, appearing in modem Welsh Mpedufor, 
four, «. «.^ a four-wheeled carriage. 


The Celtic origin of haskity with the lociu 
<iUu»ieu$ from Martial, had been noticed in 1857 
by the late Mr. James Kennedy, in a paper " On 
the Ethnology and Civilization of the Ancient 
Britons," read before the Ethnological Society of 
London, and reprinted in his Estays, Ethnologieal 
and Limguisiie, edited by C. M. Kennedy, Lend. 
1861. Nomad. 

Boon-Datb (6* S. iii 449).—Booji-day$ corre- 
spond to the Frohn-dientt of the Germans. They 
are " days on which tenants are bound to work for 
their loid gratis" (HiJliweU) ; i.s., days on which 
they were bound to work for his pleasure, to do 
his will. From O.Fr. 6on, good pleasure, will, 
desire, boon. 

" Se ta TBos fere mon plaiair, 
£t tout mon don et mon desir." 

BarbauB, Fob, tl ConUt, iil 8. 
" Onaaes pins rien no 11 en dift, 
Et la Diane tout son hon flst." 

Ihid., m. 295. 

8be performed all his will, did all that he desired 
of her. 

" Ainfoia Tons conTerra et plevir et jarer. 
Que Tons feris mon hoin, et sans point de fanser." 
Rowk, de Fierdbras, 2110. 

In the English yersion :— 

^ Ac artt poa schalt ijkery me and ]>y treu]>e larly 

|ftt ^n for me schalt don a >jng ))ai y sehall the 
saye." Sir Ferumbrai, 1. 1282. 

As occupiers haying carts and horses were bound 
by statute to giye so many days' gratis work for 
repairing the roads, the surveyor of the roads was 
called Mon-fiuuter in Lincolnshire, and the high- 
way rates booru. A (oon-ioatn, explained by 
Halliwell as ''a kind of waggon," is simply a 
waggon employed in duty-work. To boon the 
foads is to repair them by duty- work. 

H. Wkdowood. 

Boon^dayi signify the days on which an occupier 
of land, whether the owner or tenant, is hound to 
work for another. It is sometimes used to in- 
dicate senrioes of days' work done by the tenant 

for his lord, and that seems to be the meaning in 
the passage quoted by D. G. 0. E., but it is more 
commonly employed for public services, as for the 
repair of the highways. In the churchwardens' 
accounts of the town of Loutb, Lincolnshire, under 
the year 1589, we find the following entry : — 

** To ya keper of ye clock k ch^ea for y« serrice, & 
for ringeng of ye day bell, k for ringeng of ye cnrfeu, 
k for ringeng at ye houndayt k in paaa tyme, k for 
kepengcleane of ye leades for^uj of ye first quarters 
xxsjj. vjd." 

It is evident in this case that'the bell was rung to 

g've notice at what times to begin and to cease 
[>m this labour for the public good. 

In some parts of Lincolnshire io boon means to 
repair a highway, and a boon-maUter is a surveyor 
of highways. A Lincolnshire marsh-man, who 
had a yiolent dislike to the clerical order, once 
said to a friend of mine, " I 'd hev* all Cheches 
puli'd doon to boon th' roads wi', an' parsons kill'd 
to muck th' land." 

Stephen Skinner, the author of the EtymoUh 
g%c<m, inserts th^ word boon^ which^ he says, was 
communicated to him by Michael Honywood, 
Dean of Lincoln. His explanation is " viae hyeme 
coiruptas asstate reparare, resarciare & instau- 
rare." Edward Pxaoock. 

Botteaford Manor, Brigg. 

When I was a boy, my father, in his turn with 
the other farmers of the place, held the office of 
Surveyor of the Highways, and I helped to keep 
the accounts. I have thus a vei^ distinct recol- 
lection of what boon meant in Lincolnshire. 
Farmers who preferred it might work out all or 
part of their rates, by sending a man with a horse 
and cart to lead gravel or do other work on the 
roads. This was called booning. At the end of 
the week I used to give credit in a proper account 
book to the various parties for so many days' 
booning. Hence to mend the roads in many parts 
of this county is called '' booning the road." This 
kind of service was also often rendered to land- 
lords, especially to clerical landlords ; and many 
farmers agree, as part of their rent, to lead so 
many loads of coal or anything else from the 
market town, to find horses and waggons to lead 
their landlords' hay, and to perform other such 
work. Probably the parties alluded to by 
D. G. 0. E. agreed to render this kind of servicei 
in addition to paying 2t. lOi. and furnishing four 
capons annually for rent. R. R. 

Boston, Lincolnshire. 

Among the privileges which belonged to the 
prior and convent of St. Frideswide in the manor 
of Piddington, it is stated, " Sciendum est, quod 
in duobus diebus in autumno qui operantur super 
proprium custum, omnes et singuli," &c. (temp, 
Ed. IIL, Rennet's Par. Ant,, pp. 495-6, Ox., 1696); 
and so of the manor of Headington, belonging to 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 




Hugh de Plessetis, '' Terrain domini ibidem her- 
ciabunt, et per duoB dies in qaadragesima arabunt 
et herciabunt, et uno die postea earculabant" 
(temp. Ed. I., ib., p. 320). Sometimes the ser- 
yices were paid for : — 

"Tribus aatem diebos in auinmpno metent bisda 
domini sumptibiu ejusdem domini, primo acilicet die 
cum omnibus famulis suis exceptis uxoribos et pastori- 
boa Buis et ilia die comedent iidem homines... cum domino 

Ed. Marshalu 

These days, also called due-dajs, were, as the 
alternative name more clearly indicates, the days 
on which copyhold tenants performed the serrioes 
dae to their lord, sach as ploughing, reaping, and 
the like. Averiouador. 


182).— Of the antiquity of this old Scottish house 
there can be no doubt. Whether it is still repre- 
sented in the male line by any descendant able to 
instruct legitimate descent from the main stem is 
quite another question. The materials for a con- 
nected history of the Monfodes lie buried where 
few querists concerning Scottish families seem to 
think of looking for them, yiz., in the Public 
Archives of Scotland. 

As I cannot gather from the form of Mr. Beid's 
note that he has sought information from this 
nnimpeachable source, perhaps a few difjecta 
fMmhra of my own researches into the history of 
the Monfodes may not be unacceptable to him 
and to other genealogical readers of " N. & Q." 

In Robertson's Ifutex of Mxuing Charters, 1309- 
1413 (Edinburgh, 1798), there is a charter recorded 
under Berwick, " Pag. iL No. 43 [Rob. I.], to John 
de Montfode, quod quondam fuit Willielmi de 
Orford, burgen. BerwicL" Again, in Reg. Mag, 
8ig, 28, 44, we find a confirmation, 9 Mar. xxxiii. 
Dav. II., ** Oonfirmatio Carte Walteri de Oragy," 
ratifying " donacionem iUam quam Margareta de 
Munfode in sua legitima viduitate fecit Waltero 
de Cragi, filio suo, j union/' of the lands of 
Heviddys in the Sheriffdom of Lanark. 

There was a later ** Margareta,^ domina de 
Cragy,*' who had judgment in her*fayour from 
James I., a.d. 1429, in full Parliament, but I can- 
not at present assert that she was a descendant of 
Margaret de Monfode. There can be no question, 
however, as to the identity of genealogical interest 
attaching to the families of Monfode, Cragy, St. 
Michael, Meldrum, and Maxwell, all of which are 
at various times found to be connected. I may 
revert to this point on another occasion. If Mr. 
Rbid turns to the Retours, he will find there the 
succession of the Monfodes of that ilk during the 
sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It commences 
Nov. 29, 1647, with the service of ''Joannes Mont- 
foyd, heres Jacobi Montfoyd, patris (qui obiit in 
bello de Fawsyde)/' in the ten merk lands of ancient 

extent of Montfoyd, and concludes Mav 18, 1647, 
with that of " Willielmus Montfoid de eodem," 
heir of Hugh his father in the same lands. 

The pedigree proved by the Retours may be 
thus bnefly shown : — 1. James Montfoyd of that 
ilk, dead before Nov. 29, 1547. 2. John, son of 
James, heir of his father, Nov. 29, 1647. 3. 
Hugh, heir of John of that ilk, his grandfather, 
May 31, 1600. 4. The same Hugh, heir of Hugh, 
his father, Feb. 8, 1621. 6. William, heir of 
Hugh of that ilk, his father, in the lands of Mont- 
foid, &a, May 18, 1648. It remains for Mr. 
Rbid to affiliate the Irish Munfoads on the 
Ayrshire house of Monfode, the ruins of whose 
castle are still to be seen, almost the sole surviving 
memorial of an old Scottish name. 

C. H. £. Garuichabl. 

New Univeriity Club, S.W. 

A Legend of a Saint (6** S. iii. 409). — Awow. 
will find a full account of St. Brandan in Le» 
Voyages MerveUUux de SaitU Brandan a la 
Becherdi^ du Paradis Terrestrey L^eende en vera 
du XII* Si^cle, public d'apr^a le Manuscrit da 
Mus^ Britannique par Francieque Michel, Paris. 
I believe the legend is also to be found in prose 
in Les Via dee Saints de Bretagne, by P^re 
Albert le Grand. As far as I can remember the 
particular incident in the voyage of St. Brandan 
to which allusion is made, it is this. The saint 
and his companions being in mid-ocean, and 
Easter drawing nigh, were particularly desirous 
of keeping the feast on dry land, and offered up 
fervent prayers to God that he would grant them 
this favour. At the dawn of the holy day they 
found themselves in the neighbourhood of what 
they took to be a small island. They landed, and 
having got all ready proceeded to celebrate mass. 
At the moment of consecration they were alarmed 
by a sudden trembling of the supposed island, 
but, strong in faith, they went on with the holy 
office, and as soon as it was concluded they re- 
embarked. They had no sooner got on board 
their ship than what they had taken for dry 
land disappeared beneath the waves, and they 
perceived that it was in reality a huge fish. 

Edgar MAcCnLLOCH. 


The authority for the historv in general is " the 
learned brochure of M. Jubinal, La Ligende Laiine 
de Si, Brandaines/* and the English versions of 
the same which Mr. Wright prepared for the 
Percy Society, vol. xiv., one in verse, another in 
prose. Mi Jubinal attributes the Latin account 
to the eleventh century. M. 

Part of the legend of St. Brandan is told by Mr. 
Baring-Qould in his May volume of Lives of the 
Saints, p. 217, where a list of original authorities 
may be seen. I would refer your correspondent 
also to Owen's SanUordU Caiholicumf under 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 

•kg. IT. Jolt 2, "SI.) 



May 16. The navigations of St. Brandan are 
referred to in the Aberdeen Breviary {Froprium 
Sanctorum, May 16). J. T. F. 

Bishop Hatfield's Hall, Dnrham. 

It is told of St Brandan that on his voyage 
with fourteen brother monks in seardi of *' the 
land promised to the saints,^ they Linded on what 
they thought was an island, which sunk when they 
lights a fire on it. The legend says that it was 
a fish called Jasconius. See Eingsley's Hirmits, 
p. 263. P. ZiLLwooD Bound. 

"Bbakiko" (6* S. iii. 449).— I dp not wonder 
that your correspondent asks whether the word 
braming is " a generally known word, or merely 
invented to rhyme with ^min^ " in the line, 

"Winter bituning, summer flaming," 
occurring in a hymn sung at the Gregorian Festival 
ID St Paul's Cathedral on May 19 last 

As Succentor of the Oathedral it is my duty to 
look through the programmes of societies intend- 
ing to hold festivals at St Paul's, and to criticize 
any details which seem open to criticism. The 
word hraming caught my eye at once when I saw 
the proof sheets of the Gregorian service book. I 
did not recognize the word, so I looked it out in 
Halliweli, who gives, " Brame, vexation, Spenser/* 
and then I turned to Nares, who quotes a passage 
from Spenser's Fairy Queen, ill 2, 52, in which 
occur the lines : — 

" That, through long lansuor, and hart-baming brame 
She shortly Tike a pynea gboit became." 

Todd considers hrame to be an adjective in this 
nusage, but Nares thinks that it is a substantive. 
The explanation of the word as given by Nares is, 
" Branu, n.s., vexation ; probably from the adjec- 
tive breme, bitter, severe, q.v." 

On prosecuting the matter a little further, I 
find that the same authority gives, ^^ Breme or 
breemf fierce or sharp, from the Saxon." He adds 
a further quotation from Spenser : — 

" Comes the Ireme winter with cbamfer'd brows, 
Poll of wrinkles and frosty furrows." 

8p., Shep, Kai., •' Feb.," 42. 

As the word was so unfamiliar to me, and as I 
ventured to think that other persons in the con- 
gregation might possibly be as unfamiliar with it 
as I was, I presumed to suggest that the word 
shonld be changed as, to say the least, unsuited to 
congregational use. My counsel was not taken, 
but your correspondent's query shows that it was 
not altogether without reason. I think that a 
hymn, intended as it is for popular use^ should 
not require a glossary. 

W. Sparrow Siupsok. 
[Other replies next week J 

" Mahchbt loaf "* (6«^ S. iiL 430X— Though I 
never heard the phrase ** manchet loaf" there, the 
ierm ''mansion" (=:any small loaf having a 

circular base, and, no doubt, a variant) was common 
in South-east Cornwall from 1816 to 1836, and 
may be so at present. Even now I cannot read 
or hear the words '^In my Father's house are 
many mansions " without having a mental vision 
of a house supplied amply with small loaves~my 
early rendering of the passage. 

Wm. Penoellt. 

LiTIRATURS OF GoLOURS (6* S. l 277).— 
*" The Laws of Contrast of Ooloar, ko. By M. E. 
Chevreul, Director of the Dye Works of the Gobelins. 
Translated from the French by John Spanton. Bout- 
ledge, Warns k Boutledge. 1861." 

A. K B. a. 

Althoagh not absolutely identical in subject, it 
may be well for F. to consult a recent volume in 
the "International Scientific Series/' by Prof. 
Ogden N. Rood, of Columbia College, called 
Modem Gkromaties. It is published in England 
by C. Kegan Paul & Co. 

J. Beandbr Matthews. 

Stuyvesanfc Square, N.T. 

"Field*s Chromatography, a Treatise on Colour and 
Pigments."— (1) The original edition, London, Winsor & 
Newton. (2) Salter's edition : London. Winsor k New- 
ton, by Thomas W. Salter, F.C.S. Both editions are 

"A Practical Treatise on the Manufacture of Colours 
for Fainting, kc. By MM. Riffkult, Yergnaud, and 
TouBsaint Beyised and edited by M. F. Malepeyre. 
Translated from the French by A. A. Fesquet, Chemist 
and Engineer. Illustrated by 80 Engravings. Sampson 
Low & Co., 188, Fleet Street, London." 

F. S. 


« The Yellow Book " (6«» S. ill 448).— Aa no 
one has ventured a suggestion, I will make one. 
It may be remembered that in 1867 a very tren- 
chant pamphlet appeared, called The Mutiny of 
the Bengal Army, an Historieal Narrative, 
When the first part came out it attracted much 
notice, and Lord Derby, referring to it in the 
House of Lords, spoke of it as "a certain Red 
pamphlet." The name of the author was at that 
time unknown, but a second part came out, bring- 
ing the narrative down to the end of the siege of 
Delhi^ and it transpired that the " One who has 
served under Sir Charles Napier" was Major 
Malleson ; and the pamphlet was always called 
"* The Red Pamphlet," and he, ** the Author of 
the Red Pamphlet." 

Now my idea is that the printed record of the 
evidence of Lady Douglas and others with regard 
to the then Princess of Wales had a yeUow cover. 
The publication was called simply The Book, 
being the ''Proceedings and Correspondence on 
the Inquinr into the Conduct of the Princess of 
Wales. Printed for Bell, proprietor of tho 
Weekly Meumger, dare Court, Drury Lane, 

^®^^'" Digitized by LnOOgle 


NOTES AND QUERIES. le^ s. iv. juix i, -si. 

I once saw and read a copy of Ths Book It 
had not its original coyer, but was bound up at the 
end of a series of yolumes of the Bdle AttembUe^ 
I think. The size was large octayo, and the type 
rather small, the contents being tedious to wade 
through. The reason of this publication in 1813 
I gathered to be a necessity for a defence on the 
part of the prince for positiyely refusing the prin- 
cess a larger amount of intercourse with her 
daughter, who was about to be introduced into 
society, and a share in arranging such introduc- 

The accusations of Sir John and Lady Douglas 
had been made and inyestigated by a commission 
for that purpose in 1806. ft was to inquire into 
a number of acts of gross impropriety alleged 
against the Princess of Wales during her residence 
at Biackheath some three or four years preyiously. 
Leuly Douglas's charges were declared ''not 
proyen." I think The Book must haye been a 
yellow book. Gibbbs Riqaud. 

18, Long Wall, Oxford. 

Accumulated Book-platbs (6*** S. iii. 289, 
473).— With reference to Mr. Pbtit's reply, 6"» S. 
ill 473, may I venture to say that he has utterly 
misunderstood my query, 6^ S. iiL 289. In that 
query I desired to meet the dicta laid down by 
some of your corrtepondents to the effect that it 
was mischieyous, if not wicked, to '* soak off " a 
book-plate. What I wished to know was, how 
the heraldic or other information contained in 
book-plates of sucoessiye owners of a yolume, and 
pasted one oyer the other, was to be obtained by 
any process other than that of '' soaking off." 

A. H. 

The Stuart Papers (6** S. iii. 606X— The 
papers mentioned in the French Popular Eney- 
dopedia are now preseryed in the Royal Library 
at Windsor Castle. For a full account of the 
manner in which they came into the possession of 
Her Majesty, see a paper by the late Mr. B. B. 
Woodward, in the Q%niUfman*B Magazine for 1866, 
yol. L p. 169. Bek. Nattali. 

The Library, Windsor Oastle. 

" OoRyuM HE vixiT," &c. (6* S. iii. 408).— A 
ludicrous peryersion of a well-known proyerb, 
originally occurring in Juyenal's second satire, 
*' Dat yeniam corvis, vexat oensura columbaa." But 
is it possible that such a peryersion was really 
made, and is your corresponaent sure that he has 
transcribed correctly ? 1 remember once seeing a 
motto, ^'Audax omnia perpeie," for perpeii, but 
this is not nearly so bad. C. S. Jsrrau. 

The MS. op Gray's " Elbot ** : First Publi- 
cation (6"» S. ii. 222, 366, 438, 474 ; iii 35, 76, 
277, 449). — The yery interesting and complete 
account of Gray's "Elegy" giyen by Mb. 
Hartshorne may be supplemented by one short 

note. The "Elegy" first appeared in print in 
the Magawine of Magazine of February, 1751, 
"Printed for William Owen, at Homer's Head, 
near Temple Bar/' on p. 160, with the following 
introduction : — 

*' Gentlemen, nid Hilario, giye me leaye to sooth my 
own melancholy, and amuie yoo in a moit noble manner^ 
with a fine copy of Terte«, by the Tery ingenioui Mr. (Tray, 
of Peter-kouse, Cambridge.— They are— Stakza's [«cJ 
wriUin in a Goontry Ohurch-yard." 

The "Elegy" seems to haye been carelessly 
printed from a rather careless copy, as seyeral of 
the lines differ from the generally receiyed text» 

'* No children run to liip their sire's return." 
'* Their harrovf oft the Btubbom globe has broke." 
" Their Aom</y joys and destiny obscure." 
" Forgive Uu proud I the inToIuntary fault." 
" If iiMMorv to iJkut no trophy raise.'^ 
'* The pealint; anthem WM the note of praise." 
" Hands that the miu of empire might haye swayed.'* 
** And wuiu its sweetness on the duari air." 
*'Some yillase Hambden that with dauntless breast" 
" And read their desCny in a nation's eyes." 
** With uncouth rhymes and shapeless euUure deokt." 
"And in our ashes glow their wonted Ares." 
** Brushing with hasty step the dew away." 
*' One mom I missed him on the custom d hill." 
" Another come not yet beside the rilL" 
** Slow tbrouKh the church- way-path we saw him eom4»** 
** He gain'd from heayn (*twas all he atk'd) a friend." 

I haye also the first (quarto) edition issned by 
Dodsley in the same m^nth of the same year, bat 
as that is more generally known than the Maga* 
zine of MeLgazines^ no comparison is necessary. I 
haye also a Latin and, I belieye, an Italian yersioD 
of yery early date. Will some reader of ** N. & Q.** 
giye the bibliography of the ** £legy " 7 


My authority for the statement {ante, p. 104) 
was an entry in the yolume of Catullus, TibuUus^ 
and Propertius, there mentioned as presented by 
Mr. G. Macmillan. The entry is as follows :— > 

" From the Library of Gray the Poet, with a Memo- 
randum as to price, and an extract from de Sure, alB» 
quotktions from the Greek Poets in hit usual neat hand- 
writing. This yolume was formerly in possession of 
Mr. Penn, of Stoke Pogis, who purchased all Gray's MSS " 
F&ANcis St. John Thackbrat. 

Eton College. 

Thb Dueb of MARLBORonaH, 1768 (6^ S. iii 
350, 453). — Your correspondent will also find 
reports of this curious trial in The Seseions Paperz 
for 1758, pp. 203-16, and in Legal ReereationSf by 
a Barriater-at-Law, yol. L pp. 373-84. 

G. P. R. B. 

It may, perhaps, be worth mentioning, with 
reference to this subject, that Charles, second 
Duke of Marlborough, who receiyed the anony- 
mous threatening letters, died of dysentery at 
Miinster, in Westphalia, Oct. 28, 1758^ a yery 

««* 8. IV. Jolt 2, '81.] 



few months after the trial of William Barnard. 
He was at the time on a campaign, and in com- 
mand of the English contingent, under Prince 
Ferdinand of Brunswick. Several who have 
written upon this cause cUkhre^ as, 6.^., the late 
Mr. Serjeant Burke, seem either not to have been 
aware of or to have forgotten this fact, and, by 
leading their readers to imagine that the death of 
the duke took place in England, hare sensationally 
increased the interest of the mystery. 

John Pickfobb, M.A. 
Kewboome Beetory, Woodbridge. 


SHIRES'' (6"» S. i 177, 306; ii. 98, 297, 477; 
liL 293, 455).— I noticed at the time it appeared 
the blunder I made in speaking of Amberley in 
WcreeiUnhire ; but I can assure Yigorn that I 
did not confuse the picturesque village of Omber- 
sley with Amberley in Wartoickshiref as I ought 
to hare put it. By the way, is it possible that 
the deriration of Amber from Ambrosius is not 
a rale with no exceptions, and that the Sussex 
Amberley may take its name from the river Aran ? 
Edward H. Marshall, M.A. 

Dr. Bell and Mr. Lancaster (6*>» S. iii. 306, 
417, 458). — Is there not some foundation in fiEict 
for calling Dr. Bell ''the founder of the Lancos- 
terian system " ? for his plan, put forth in a pam- 
I^et in 1797, was worked out by Lancaster, who 
at first acknowledged his obligation to Bell. But 
when the Nonconformists seized upon Lancaster as 
tb^ apostle, he found it convenient to forget his 
indebtedness. His conduct in so doing is con- 
demned in so little ecclesiastically prejudiced a 
work as Chambers's Bncyclopasdia, «.v., '' Bell." 

E. H. M. 

"Forthlot" or "Forlot" (6* S. iii. 289, 
458). — Dr. Charnoce refers me to Oowel's Inter- 
pnUr for information as to the meaning of this 
word, but I have not the opportunity of consult- 
ing the book ; would he oblige me with the ex- 
tract! O. A. 0. 


348, 414, 472).— I have a vivid recollection of 
having frequently seen, upwards of fifty years ago, 
the rector of a parish adjacent to the city of Wor- 
cester riding off to the hunt in a scarlet coat. 

Ltdia Penoellt. 

Horseshoes at Oaeham Castle (6^ S. ill 

349, 496).— The following account, taken from 
Wright's Hiitary of Rutland (1684), will, I think, 
explain the gift of the gilt horseshoe : — 

'* The Lord of the Ositle and Mannour of Okeham for 
the time being, eltims by preioription a Franchise or 
Boyslty very rare, and of singular note ; tis., That the 
fttit time that any Peer of this Kingdom shall happen 
to pan tiutmgh the PreclnoU of this Lordship, he shall 

forfeit as a Homage, a Shoe from the Horse, whereon 
he rideth, unless he redeem it with mony. The true 
Original of whioh oostome, I have not been able on my 
utmost endeavour to discover. But that such is, ana 
time out of mind hath been the Usage, appears by 
several Monumental Horseshoes (some gilded ani of 
curious Workmanship) nail'd upon the Castle Hall Door. 
Some of which Horseshoes are stampt with the names 
of those Lords who gave >m with the times when 

Wright then goes on to enumerate some fifteen 
names, the earliest of which is that of *' Henry 
Lord Mordant, 1602," and concludes hy saying 
that there were many others, " some of later date, 
and some more antient, whose inscriptions are now 
hardly legible." G. F. R. B. 

"Throno" (6** S. ii. 386 ; iii. 33, 236, 375, 
437, 497) signifies busy in the dialect of North 
Lincolnshire. I hear it used daily, and am not 
ashamed to say that I often employ it mysel£ A 
man said to me yesterday, " We can't lead them 
stoans just yet ; we 're ower throng gettin' wicka 
away this sweetv fine weather." It may be neces- 
sary to observe here that lead means to cart, and 
that vncks signifies couch-grass. 

In 1876 Mr. Gkoxge Jackson, bookseller, Brigg, 
published certain verses by a shepherd at Raven- 
thorpe, under the title of A Country BamhU «» 
the Neighbourhood of Brigg. In this efi'usion the 
following lines occur : — 

"The people all seemed very throng, and had such 
smiling faces. 

And well they might, for I heard them say, 'To* 
morrow is Bedboome Eaces.' " 

Edward Psagoce. 

Bottesford Manor, Brigg. 

"Mauhd" : "Mand" (6«» S. il 388 ; ui. 14, 
278, 335, 437). — This word occurs under the latter 
spelling in my Oloaary of the Dialed of Jkfanley 
and Corringham. Several examples are given. 
It is marked obsolete. I doubt, however, whether 
this is correct. I never, so far as I remember, 
heard the word used, but a friend has informed 
me that two or three old people whom she has 
known were wont to employ it to signify a long 
and narrow basket. JIdward Pracoce. 

Bottesford Manor, Brigg. 

It seems to have escaped your correspondents 
that there is a word in the French language, 
manns, applied to a particular sort of basket. 
Littr^ defines it as : " Panier d'osier plus long quo 
large, oil Ton met le linge, la vaisselle." In old 
French the word is found as mande, Littr^ gives 
the etymology as follows :— " Wallon mante ; 
picard et Hainaut mande; bas-lat. rjMnda; da 
germanique : anc haut-allem. manne; anglo-sax. 
mand ; angl maund." B. McO— . 


Jacqurs Oasahova db Srtnoalt (6** S. iii. 
401, 452).— The Frenchj^pontblj review Le Livro 



[6"» S. IV. Jolt 2, '81. 

has recently had various articles upon the authen- 
ticity of Casanova's memoirs, and especially upon 
the support they receive from recent researches in 
the Venetian archives. The Brussels edition of 
the memoirs is in six volumes. I am told by a 
dealer bere in old books that there is an English 
translation of the first two volumes printed in six 
«mall volumes. Is this so ? I doubt, for, in spite 
of the picturesqueness of Casanova's adventures, 
his memoirs belong to a class of book which every 
gentleman's library should be without. 

J. Brandbb Matthews. 
Stoyresant Square, N.Y. 

The Garnet-headed Yaffinoalb (6* S. ii. 
309, 473, 623; iil 195) is certainly not the 
Mdanerpu erythrocephaltu of Swainson in the 
passage quoted by Mr. Platt. That very com- 
mon American bird is not a " green woodpecker," 
and indeed has no green in its plumage, as may 
be seen in almost any museum or in the coloured 
figures given of it by American ornithologists. 
Our "garnet-headed" bird, the Picus viridU of 
Linnseus, was placed by Swainson in his genus 
Ohrysoptilus (op. cit, pp. 134^ 305). 

Alfred Newton. 

Authors of Quotations Wanted (6*^ S. iii. 
409, 498).— 

** The fooliflh man does not know his own foolish business." 
The late Lord Weatbuiy may have said (his, hot Horace 
Walpole, in his correiipondence, tells the story of a 
herald on a visitation tour who called on a nohleman, 
and when he had stated the oV ject of his visit he was 
peremptorily told,— " Begone, you foolish fellow; you 
don't understand your own foolish business." A. S. 

(6ih S. iii. 509.) 
" Earth has no hate/' &c. 
Probably an incorrect Torsion of, 

" Heaven has no rage like love to hatred turned. 
Nor Hell a fury like a woman scorned.*' 

Congreve, Moumina Bridt, III. end. 
O. F. 8. £. 
" At length came the day," &c. 
These lines were written by General Charretie on a 
match won by "Squire" Osbaldeston, in 1831; vide 
Spa totem piano, \i J 0. A. Wheeler, p. 17, where they 
are quoted from the Standard of August 8, 1866. 

T. C. 

History of Ancient BffypU By Prof. Bawllnson. 2toIs. 

(Longmans & Co.) 
Ahoieht Egypt has been, in all ages of literary inquiry, 
the object of eager research. Her connexion with the 
early histonr of the Jews, her influence on the arts, 
religion, and gOTemment of other nations, the splendid 
antiquity of her ciTiliBation,and the completeness of her 
^ecay iuTested the mysteries of her elder power and 
wisdom with something of religious awe. But before the 
present century curiosity was only aroused to subside 
into baffled disappointment by the reports of those 
literary pilgrims who Tisited her shores. Her people, 
who appeared from the colossal magnificence of their 

monuments to hsTO belonged rather to the race of giants 
than the ordinary sons of men, spoke in a language 
which seemed irrecoTerably lost, and, though the ancient 
Egyptian loved to draw on the walls of his sepulchre 
" each change of many-coloured life," the inscriptions 
at once proroked and defied the hopes of the learned. 
The pyramids, which were known in the darkest ages as 
among the wonders of the world, still stood in incom- 
mnnicatiTC majesty to sentinel the entrance of the un- 
known land. The present age has witnessed an extra- 
ordinary change. Geographical exploration has opened 
out to us the whole valley 

<' Far off from dusky Meroe, 
From falling Nilus to the sea 
That beats on the Egyptian shore," 
and hieroglyphic interpretation has unlocked the secret 
treasures of its arte, customs, and history. Prof. Baw- 
linson's work presents the English reader with the latest 
results of European learning on the subject of ancient 
Egypt, and offers him a summary of an enormous 
number of works, many of them inaccessible to the 
ordinary student, from the magnificent Description de 
I'Bgypte of the French explorers to the laborious mono- 
graphs of German professors. The work which the 
professor has undertaken was greatly needed in England, 
and it has been accomplished in a manner worthy the 
reputation of the historian of the Oriental monarchies. 
His history of ancient E^ypt has been composed in the 
spirit, and with the acquirements, diligence, and learning, 
of an accomplished scholar. In the first Yolume is con- 
tained a series of chapters on the religion, literature, 
arts, sciences, manners, and customs of the ancient 
Egyptian; the second volume includes a clear and in- 
teresting summary of historical events from the founda- 
tion of the Egyptian monarchy to the loss of inde- 
Eendence. Of the two portions the first will probably 
e found to possess the more general interest. From it 
the reader may learn th^ chief points in the domestic 
life of the ancient Egyptians : how they worshipped 
their gods and buried their dead ; bow they carved in 
stone and painted in colours ; how they built and piled 
up their colossal architecture in the enthusiasm of reli- 
gious adoration or the exuberance of royal pomp ; how 
they wrote poems, romances, and scientific treatises; 
how they warred against other nations, laid siege to and 
stormed cities; how they ploughed, sowed, watered, 
reaped, and gathered fruit; how thev hunted and fished, 
snared and shot birds. Bixc est farrago libilU. The 
second volume is scarcely less interesting, though the 
subject with which it deals is more abstruse. Its first 
chapter will go far to secure the confidence of those 
students who have been perplexed and irritated by 
divergent theories of Egyptian chronology in the guidance 
of Prof. Bawlinson. He rejects all systematic attempts 
to harmonize the difficulties of dates, but carefully 
indicates the periods where the problem is capable of, or 
has received, solution. The two volumes are adorned 
with nine plates and upwards of 250 woodcuts. We hope 
the work will obtun that extensive circulation to which 
it appears entitled by the reputation of the author, the 
attractiveness of the subject, the merits of the com- 
position, and the care of the publishers. 

Chapters in the History of Old St. PauCs, By W. 

Sparrow Simpson, D.D., F.SA. (Elliot Stock.) 
After his excellent volume, lately issued by the Camden 
Society, which it was our privilege to notice some months 
ago, Dr. Simpson has taken rest in a popular gossiping 
book on the same subject. Those who, having enjoyed 
the last, look for more of the same sort here will be dis- 
appointed, and perhaps rather inclined to undervalue the 
new one. Its aim and purpose are totally different and it is 
Digitized by VjiOOy IC 

> 8. IV. Juit 2, '81.] 



ftddrMud to readen whom the other woald not interest, or 
who woald not take the trouble to read it Dr. Simpson's 
" chapters" are fonrteen in namber, and deal witn the 
ehorch and its history from the legendanr days of King 
LneittS down to the restoration of tiie daily Eucharist in 
1877. Some chapters are architectural and antiquarian, 
■ome historical, and some, as for example that on Wjclif 
in St. Paul's, almost sensational. All are pleasant to 
read, and the book will just suit those who want to get, 
without trouble, some knowledge of the history of Lon- 
doo*s cathedral and of the scenes which it has witnessed. 
It should be popular and require reprinting, in anticipa- 
tion of which we yenture to call tne author's attention 
to a few slips which we have obsenred in it None is of 
much importance, but they are worth correcting if an 
opportunity occurs. Mr. Ralston has finally settled the 
qnestion of the Chertsey basin, mentioned on p. 15, and 
■nown it to be Greek and of no great antiquity (see 
Ardicsoioffia, yol. xliy. p. 63). The only puzzle about it 
DOW is how it came to be dug up at Chertsey. The 
atatament on p. 26 about cathedrals of the old and the 
new foundation is likely to mislead the unwary into 
thinking Benedictines to be the same as Regular Canons, 
which Dr. Simpson certainly cannot haye intended. 
And we cannot quite understand how Palm Sunday 
could manage to get into the month of May, as seems to 
be implied on p. 167. The difficulty about the date of 
Bradford's sermon and his ordination disappears when 
we remember that the year began in March and not in 
January, and therefore Feb. 22, 1550, came after, and 
not before, June 24 in the same year. The book is well 
printed, and is got up in a manner which deserves praise. 

Ludwig Pfjiftrund teint Zeit: tin Stuck franzdtifcher 
und sckwtixeriteher Ottehichte, Yon A. Ph. y. Segesser. 
Band I. (Bem^Wyss.) 
HsBK yoN Sf 0I8SBB is well known in Switierland both 
aa a statesman and as an historian. In the latter quality 
ha has eontribttted much towards clearing up obscure 
episodes in the history of the Confederation, and has 
apeeiaUjf deyoted himself to tracing the growth and pro- 
gress of his natire city Luzem, his constitutional history 
of which is one of the most yaluable Swiss works in that 
ye^ Important branch of the subject. He now comes 
before us with the first yolume of a life of Ludwig 
Pfyffer, which forms a whole in itself. Ludwig Pfyffer 
of Luzem was one of the most prominent actors in the 
Catholic or Counter Beformation in Switzerland. For 
many years he directed the policy of the Catholic 
cantons, and was popularly known as the "Schweizer 
Konig." He took a leading part in bringing about, in 
1586, the Golden or Borromean League between the 
■eyen Catholic Cantons, which was the model followed 
by the Sonderbund of 1845. Pfyffer, howeyer, was not a 
stateaman only, he was also a soldier. His military career 
filled up the earlier portion of his life, and is the subject 
of the volume now oefore us. He was colonel of the 
Swiss mercenaries in the seryice of the French king, 
and with his men was engaged in all the chief battles in 
Franoa 1562-70— Dreux, St. Denis, Jamac, and Men- 
contour. He specially distinguished himself in the re- 
treat from Meaux, 1567, when his regiment guarded 
Charles IX. during his journey to Paris. On the dis- 
banding of his force in 1570 he returned to Luzem and 
entered on the second or political part of his career as 
*'Schultheis8" of the town. No life of this striking 
personage had been written before Herr y. Segesser took 
it in hand. He has spared no industry in hunting up 
the minutest details as to his hero's family and early life, 
and the book is written in a sober and clear style, which 
bears witness to the long practice of the author. The 
European importance of the struggle is well brought out 

and kept in sight throughout the book. Pfyffer's reports 
to the Luzem GoTsrnment are rather dryly written ao- 
counts of all the erents in which his regiment had a share, 
his own actions being scarcely eyer mentioned. They 
are of the highest historical yalue, and enable us to look 
at the early struggles of the Huguenots in France from 
a comparatiyely neutral point of yiew. Their chief 
interest, however, lies in the way in which the military 
movements are traced out, and it is interesting to see the 
reflex action of events in France on politics in Switzer- 
land. The book is fumished with an itinerary, a full 
table of contents, and map, and should certainly be read 
by any one interested in the history of the period. Wo 
shall await the second volume with impatience. 

SovM Account of ths Oldest Plant of Bristol, and an- 
Inquiry into ik$ Date of tht First Authentic One. By 
William George. 8 Maps. (Bristol, George & Son.) 
This is a reprint of a paper in the Transactiojit of the 
Bristol and Gloucestershire Arcbseological Society, with 
the maps added. Mr. ;George, who has taken up an 
interesting subject, shows that the isometric view of 
Brightstowe in the well-known work Ctvitatet Orbit 
Terrarum, by Braun and Hobenberg (lib. iii. pi. 2), was 
founded on the sketch made by William Smith, the 
herald, when he was there July 80 and 81, 1568 (see 
Sloane MS. 2596. recently edited by Messrs. Wheatley 
and Ashbee). We may add that it is evident Speed s 
plan was also derived from the same source, directly or 
indirectly. All these early plans fail in detail, and it ia 
only necessary to draw attention, in the case of the plan 
of Bristol, to the castle and the various churches; the 
former is as unlike as it could well be. There, however, 
exists of this until recently interesting city a survey^ 
made to a much larger scale by a local man nsmed Mu- 
lerd, which is of greater value. This we should like to 
see reproduced. Many attempts have been made to re- 
construct a plan of Bristol in the Middle Ages with the 
aid of W. Wyrcestre's note-book and other documents. 
The last and most complete of these may be found in 
the current number of Bristol, Past and Present, by 
J. F. Nicholls, F.S.A., and John Taylor. Mr. George 
quotes Camden's opinion of old maps, that they " are of 
infinite use in topographical studies," and so they un- 
doubtedly are, except when they resemble the birds-eye 
view in Bic. Bycart*s MS., which we cannot agree In 
attributing to W. Wyrcestre, 

Ruisirum Malmesburiense. Edited by the late J. 8. 
Brewer, M.A.,and Charles Trice Martin, B.A., for the 
Master of the Bolls. Vol. II. (Longmans k Qo.) 
Mr. Brewer's brilliant sketch of the rise of the men- 
dicant friars in his preface to the Monumenta Fran- 
citeana led the public to expect that the introduction to 
this register would contain an equally vivid and accurate 

ficture of a great house of the "lordly Benedictines." 
t was therexore a great disappointment to students of 
monastic history when the first volume appeared without 
a word of preface, in consequence of Mr. Brewer's death. 
His successor, however, has justified his appointment by 
his careful and conscientious study of the register, and 
the critical skill with which he has turned his know- 
ledge of its contents to account. Malmesbury Abbev 
stood on the crest of a hill, which is encircled on all 
sides but one by the Avon and Newnton Water, anciently 
called the Ingelboume. The town grew up round the 
abbey, and was held under the Crown by tne abbot in 
fee farm at the rent of 20/. p. a. by the grant of King 
John. Domesday mentions only eight burgesses, but the 
town flourished under the monks, and in the reign of 
Edward I. it was a walled town, with five gates and four 
bridges and two guildhalls. The register was compiled 
at the end of the thiHeenth century, and was carefully 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 



l6tfc8.IV.JaLT2, '81. 

preserred when the rest of the MSS. in the monks' 
lihrary were dispersed, because it was found useful to 
tiae Court of Exchequer in determining the lands and 
■errices due to the king when the hboey fell into his 
hands at the dissolution of monasteries. The abbey 
estates were of great extent, and, with the exception of a 
house and cliorch in London, a manor in Warwickshire, 
and some fisheries on the SeTern, lay in the immediate 
Ticinity. They comprised in the reign of Edward the 
Confessor 800 hides of land, amounting to aboTe 70,000 
statute acres, all of winch were confirmed to the abbey 
after the Conquest bj William I. at the request of Queen 
Hatilda. The same king gare them in 1081 the pririlege 
of holding a fair for four days next to 8t Aldhelm'e day 
(May 25). But their great benefactor was King John, 
who granted them the town in fee farm and sold them 
Ingelbourne Castle. This fortress wa^ rebuilt by Roger, 
Biwop of Salisbury, and, standing witiiin the precincte of 
the abbey, was found " an unspealcable injury " to the 
monks during theciyil wars, when the garrison plundered 
the abbey and burned the town. The abbot was expressly 
authorized by the Pope to excommunicate the marauders, 
but by King John's grant the monks were empowered to 
aecure themselyes against future intruders by dismantlinff 
the castle, and the site is now occupied by the " Bell^ 

The rent roll is one of the most interesting features of 
the register. In the town the rent of a tenement rarely 
exceeded Is., and the total is only 8^. 6s. lid. The rents 
of the manors without the town amounted in 1287 to 
97Z. 7t. Q^d. in money, besides 116 quarters of wheat and 
Sli fowls for church scot, 375 fowls at Christmas, and 
6,670 eggs at Easter; hut the abbey reyenues had risen 
at the time of the dissolution to 803/. 17«. 7^d, The 
rents did not form a common fund, but the lands were 
distributed in certain proportions amongst the yarious 
officers of the conrent. The abbot, the pittancer, the 
chamberlain, the sacristan, and the cook all had separate 
ostates assigned to them for their maintenance, whilst 
the clothing of the monks and the expenses of the 
kitchen were similarly proyided for. This custom is not 
wholly extinct at Malmesbury, for to this day a few 
acres of the common are set apart under the name of 
the "Alderman's Kitchen," and the proceeds are applied 
for the purpose of enabling the chief officer of the cor- 
poration to show hospitality during his year of office. 

The cartulary begins with a charter of 685, which is 
misdated 635, and includes Papul grants of spiritual 

5Tiyilege8 and exemptions from epiecopal junsdtction. 
*he purchase deeds abound with illustrations of local 
history and modissyal manners. The yender was often 
content to accept spiritual benefits in part payment. 
In one case a man demises a hide of land in return for 
monks' commons for himself and his seryant, six cart- 
loads of firewood a year, and burial at his death ; for 
which he coyenants to serye the monks without pay 
during his life and to leaye them at his death all the 
goods he dies possessed of. 

The MS. from which this yolnme is printed is in the 
Public Record Office, and belonged to the Queen's 
Bemembrancer in the Court of Exchequer, but Mr. 
Martin has collated it with two other copies in the 
British Museum, which are of somewhat later date and 
include a few additions. 

Fbedsrxo Ouyrt, y.-P. F.S.A.— The announcement 
of the death of Mr. Ouyry, on June 26, must haye been 
a source of deep regret to the large body of literary 
and antiquarian friends to whom his genial tempera- 
ment, wann-hearted sympathies, and unbounded libentlity 
had endeared him. His strong common sense and 

business habits won for him the respect of all who were 
associated with him in the management of any of those 
yarious literary associations with which he was con- 
nected, from the Antiquaries, which he joined in 1848, 
and of which he htd been president and yice-president, 
to the recently established Folk-lore Society. It should 
be added that there were few charities of which Frederic 
Ouyry was not a liberal supporter. W. J. T. 

Thb library of the late eminent French tavant, Michel 
Chasles. is to be on sale by auction from June 27 to July 18, 
at 28, Rue des Bons Enfants, Paria We haye receiyed 
a catalogue, carefully aimpiled under the superyision of 
M. A. Claudin, Laureate of the Institute, who publishes 
it at 3, Rue Ou6n6gaud, Paria The library, as M. 
Claudin justly remarks, is one of a class now unknown : 
it was the accumulation of more than half a centuiy 
deyoted to science. We may note that it contains some 
yery great rarities, especially in mathematics— embrac- 
ing seyeral works cited by Prof. De Morgan through a 
solitary copy in the British Museum, and others which 
he was unable to cite at all. 

Mb. Thoms might haye added another centenarian 
to the three he noticed in last week's "N.k Q.," and 
that one aliye and flourishing. The Momina Poil, 
which came into existence on Noy. 2, 1772, took a new 
lease of life on Monday last at its original price of a penny, 
the proprietors expressing their conyiction that, while 
returning to that price, they can yet continue to proyide 
their readers with a paper ** in every yray as excellent as 
that which for upwards of a century has maintamed its 

^otCcfir to Covxiipatatixti, 

As we are constantly receiving communications on the 
subject, we ma^ state that there now lies at the Office a 
complete set at NoUt and QuerUs (half-bound morocco), 
from the commencement, together with the General 
Indexes, for which the Publisher of " N. & Q." is ready 
to receive applications. 

H. O. H.— We can find no suggestion of the kind 
made by George Borrow in the published accounts of 
the distinguished person referred to. Vapereau states 
that he was born in Brussels in 1789, of a family origi- 
nally English, and was naturalized in France. We know 
of no contemporary of the same name and rank who can 
I>ossibly be the subject of Borrow's romantic descrip- 

Aw XJkstjocessful Seabohkb (6* 8. iii. 220).— T. C. 
writes that you will probably find the articles you refer 
to in the Oenilemafit Magazine for October, 1878, and 
February, 1879, viz., "Betting on Races," and ''A 
Gambling Superstition," by Richard A. Proctor. 

W. H. S.— A proof shall be sent The other list we 
shall be glad to haye on your return, 

R. C. Hops.— The practice cited has often been re- 
ferred to in ** N. & Q." 

E. B.— Most certainly. 

O. B.— Yes; it would be well to haye a reply. 

W. C. BouLTBB.— We shall be glad to see the letter. 

J. G. C— Yes. 


Editorial Communications should be addressed to *' The 
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We beg leave to state that we decline to return com- 
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to this rule we can make no exception, . 

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Parts I. and II. 188 pagee each, now readj. 

An Alphabetical Hand List of Wills, wholly or partially printed in the following Works of 

the Surtees Society, 7 ^ * * " — ■ • . ...- -«...-_ «._.. *._._._ ™,-_. «. - 

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A Biographical Dictionary of Members of Parliament since 21 Hen. VIII. England, Scotland, 

and Ireland are treated separately. 

The Marriages from the Historical Begister, Gentleman's Magazine, and the Times, ftc, 

Arranged under one Alphabet, 16A5— 1880. 

Mnsgrave's Obituary -Foneral Certificates, Ireland— Pedigrees in HeraMs' Visitations In 

British Mosenm. 

" Mr. Foster's ' Collectanea Genealogica ' will bring Joy to the heart of pedigree hunters both in England and America. .... 
To tht historian and the biographer such facts as Mr. Foster diligently gathen are of the utmost -importance. "—Datiy J^Teiot. 

** If continued on the lines lai4 down in the first number, Mr. Foster's ' Collectanea' cannot fail to b« a welcome addition to 
the genealogical student's list of working tools."— J^otes and Queries. 

** The great value of the publication consists in the serial works completed in this pirt, to each of which sixteen pages ar» 
devoted, and which are to be continued in future numbers, each with its separate f igination, so that when any one is completed 
It can be withdrawn from the others and bound up in a volume by itself.. . . .If Mr. Poster's enterprise b properly supported, the 
students of history and biography will find on their shelves a series of volumes of reference which will save them a vast amount 
of time and labour, and will also find, to a great extent, their work done to their hands. It would be impossible for any genuine 
student to see the volume Just issued without recognising the enormous benefit which Mr. Foster proposes to bestow npon 
literary men, but which It is evident he cannot accomplish without the generous support of those interested in such matters." 


Can be seen at the principal Clubs, Hotels, Libraries, and Inquiry Office of the rimei. Sabierlptlon, Three Guineas. By 
Mr. FOSTER, Author of 'The Peerage,' Ac, 81, Boundary Road, London, If.W. 

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No. 80. 

Saturday, July 9, 1881. 

i With Index, price lOd. 
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^ MiOTlanof PriMb fto. of tmy book to U lent diMot to the penon 
tywhom it li nqoired, whoie bum and addrea axe girai fat that 

PMay Moftute ^ mostntlT* of Um, part Hlrtory of Htebgatol Mlddl? 
.•K. ]U«M«DoeatoraohinpablloUbxari«avoiildbafl3wmai 
6«>rvi Pollir, 41, GroTe Boad« HoUoway, N. 

mo AIlTigT3."Mr. Been^iabd OLLESUORFf , Fine- 

-^ Ari,Pife11ihcf. i% Jflwin Sh-Bflt, EC, bwa ti JnTU** Art lata to 
BibMU aer fijfahaw, pf prfpantjii^r!' to cnfumfPft^H^tii Skflfohei or 
^Mwm, t|i t m ^e WatfT Col uti ra, »ni f » I, te fu r ' 1 1 1 1 1 HT « A i^ tDd 
llBT^flAn ^IJLRT>\ or for ruMiraitlan nt Wctk, of F [qb Art. 
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hviPg pmmoi^ woMt for the pn]Tici«« of Trtdo AdveirtliiEff, tmtnr] of 
nlitiu| th» irttadifif of £BRU*b Art» |4?ijjii onlT to low*r it. Prompt 
MUflWD mil l>e pi»fd to eT*|-y Ilff^lpn PubTaiEtfJ ; md M n^nly Higb- 
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BtuT ; "■. ^ :!jTiifnt, 

NORWICH, 5, Timber HilL— Mr. B. SAMUEL 
frtfiiicntly hat good SpodaMoa of CblpMndale. Wedgwood. Old 
flata. Oneatal and other China. Pietoree of the Norwich Behool. &«. 

NOTICB.— The EXECUTORS of the late 
.n iri-f^5*i£P.f- '*^'^*'^S,^ PwpMed to fffre Eetimatea for 
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moit for tbe prodnotTon of Firat-Claie Woik during a period of Sixty 
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T. BAKEB^ Stook eomvriaei orer 100,000 Volnmea of New and 
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LONGMANS ft 00. 


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No. to, JULY, 1881. Prioe se.6d. 

Edited by GEOBGB W. MARSHALL, LL.D. F.& A 

0'0NiM»te:-De Briu>ee Fkmily— Lirt of RoUf of Arme-Fs of 

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ROWLANDS' A9A.CASSAR OIL is nniyemlly in 
high repute for iti unprecedented ineoeai during the 
lart 80 yean in ^promoting the growth, reetorinf, 
Improving, and beanttfrinf the human hair. It 
preventi hair ftom lUiing off or turning grey, 
rtrengtheni weak hair, oleanaeo it firom ecurf and 
dendrlff, and mUcee it beautiftUly eoft, pUable. and 
glofliy. For^diildren it la eepedally recommended, 
ai forming the bade of a beautiftil head of hair, 
while its introdnotion into the nuneiy of R<nralty if 
a iuffident proof of iti. merits. It is perfeoUy ftee 
from any lead, mineral, or poisonous ingredients. 
Sold b/ Ohemista PeiAamera and fialrdresoeri, la 




** By a thorough knowledge of the natural lawo 
which govern, the operation of digeetion and 
nntriUon, vxd bv a oarefhl appUeaUon of the 
fine propartteo of well-odeoted Cocoa. Mr. Eppo 
has provided oar breakfart tables with a dell- 
oatdy-flavoored. beverage which may save no 
many heavy doctor** Mils. It is by the Judldooi 
use of such articles of diet that a consUtution 
may be gradually built up nntll strong enongh to 
reoiet every tendency to disease. Hundreds of 
subtle maladies are floating around us ready to 
attodc wherever there is a weak point. We may 
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wdl fortified with pure blood and a properly 



nourished frame.' 
Uaum oy JBrr8^ Oaoooian ^^"fff^JSM AmmM^on Uoa 





L Ko. 808. irtll be published on SATURDAY. JULY W. 

II. INDIA in 1880. 


JOHN MURRAY, A IhematleStreei. 

Now wady. Vol. XII.— EGYPTIAN TEXTS. 



Published nnder the lanction of the Society of Biblical 

Edited by S. BIRCH, LL.D. 

With an Index of the Contents of the Series. 

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CONTENTS.— N« 80. 

irOTBS :->Th6 Rerlaed Version of the New Testament 21— 
Eton Goliego UbrAir, 82— >Vhea wm " Appointed to be 
lead in eharehes'* lint used ?— Dryden ? 24— Dante—Luther 
and Henry VIII.. S5-The City of London JEtegiment -The 
Harrison* of Korfolk, 26 -A Fasting Woman of the Thlr- 
teonth Osatnry— Paciflo IsUads Folk-lore— An Old Marble 
Slab, 27. 

4IUERIBS:— "Nlpoti«mo dl Roma," 1667*- Walker's "Aris- 
tolofy," Ac.—'* Le Jaif Polonals." Ac— Historr of Uncoln- 
ahire— Roberts's " Holy Land "~" To see with half an eye " 
— KlDff of £dwardstone— The Gypsy Carews. fto., 28— An 
Old Gsme-lkMiks belon^nc to John Wesley->** Ho thy 
ii«j'*.Vsn Oook : Van Meten<— Honoriflcabllitndinity, 29. 

ilEPLIES:— A Htero^lyphle Bible, 29-"Danclad/' lit 161. 
80— "The Seienoe of LanKO 'fee "—Germany or Dentachland, 
wbj so called, 31— '* BrftmlDg." 82— "A few broth"— 
K. Saanderson— Hair dressed on Lead, 83-" Btretch-leg "— 
IHie Bookworm -The Rule of the Road, 84— ** Throng"^ 
"Only"— Acriptaral Dramas prodnoed on the American 
Stage— Bishop Hnntingdm— '^ Holpen," 35— "Conserva- 
4iTo" — Chinese T ibraries - Bonohierof Bamsley— Pickering's 
Diamond Horace — Hnghenden =» Hltchendon— *' Uembers 
•of Parliament," Part II.— Ancient Kalendars, 86— Towns- 
end Family— J. Hooley— "Dnranoe vile "—Sloping Charch 
Floors ~ Deaths on the 9t«ge— Bp. Portens— Trousers first 
worn in Englaad- " Mum." 87— Funeral Armour in Churches 
^**Hard.'* a Pier or Landing-place— Imitative Verse— 
' — ait.' 88. 

3fOTlfi8 ON BOOKS :— Aubrey's "Remains of Gentilisme"— 
Sbaw's "Historical Mi-moirs of ihe House and Clan of 
MaiAlntnsh " *&— Fraser's ** Berkeley "—CoUins's <* But- 
ler**— Thomson s " BMars and Phantasies'* — Howard's 
"Miscellanea Genealogic* et Heraldica "—" Our Country : 
Descriptive Historical, Pietorial.'' Ac 

"Notiees to Correspondents, *o. 




It was to be expected that there woald be altera- 
tioDS in many paasages of the later books from the 
imperfect rendering of the tenses in the A,V. (see 
Dr. Pusey **0n Baptism" in Tracttfor ^e Times, 
1834-6, p. 157, Lond. 1842). The advantage 
appears in Tarions passages of a doctrinal charac- 
ter, as Rom. vi. 4, and 1 Oor. vi. 11 ; but it is 
a point which has not always been observed, as 
the revisers state in the Preface. One or two 
sQch instances may be pointed out. At Bom. 
y. 1, where BiKauaOivres odv c/c TrtoTcws tlprjvriv 
Ixiofitv, is translated, "being therefore justified 
by faith, let us have peace," the tense of the par- 
ticiple is not so clear as it might have been by 
such a translation as ^* in that we were justified," 
or " as we were justified," or even " having been 
justified." An ambiguity in the A.V., to which 
reference was made by the high authority just 
stated, is thus preserved. A similar remark 
applies to Titus iii. 7. 

AtBomans ii. 1-10, the distinction between Troteco, 
Tpaa-trta, and ipyd^ofJMt is marked by the words to 
*'do," "practice," and "work." In iil 26 the 

proper meaning of irdpea-LSf "passing over," is 
given in the text, as it is in the margin of the 
A V. The translation of SoKifArj at v. 4, is " proba- 
tion " instead of " experience." The word " proba- 
tion " does not anywhere occur in the A.V., but it 
is in the Rhemish version at this bassage, as it is 
also for SoKifuov at James i. 3, 1 Peter i. 7. The 
rendering of frcp2 ddapria^ at viii. 3, is "as an 
offering for sin," ana so also " sacrifices for sin,** 
Heb. X. 6, 8. At ver. 16, it is " the Spirit him- 
self beareth witness with our spirits," not " itself,'' 
as in the A.y. In the marginal note at ix. 6, there is 
a notice of the translation of the passage by *' some 
modern interpreters." In respect of one of these 
interpreters Dr. Vaughan has observed, " To place 
a full stop at a-apKOf and regard the following 
clause as a sudden ascription of glory to God for 
the gift of Christ, is to introduce a harsh and 
abrupt transition for which there is no cause and 
no parallel" (£p. to Rom. ad he). The American 
committee suggests another interpretation, increas- 
ing the number to five, inclusive of the text. The 
use of all this is questionable. A strict uniformity of 
translation is carefully preserved in the several 
cognate words at xii. 3, so that the idea of the 
leading word <^pov€(i> is kept. 

At XV. 6 there is the expression, "the God and 
father of our Lord Jesus Christ," with no mar- 
ginal alternative. This is one of the passages in 
which the American committee desires an altera- 
tion, so that the form of translation which is else- 
where noticed in the margin may in each caser be 
adopted for the text. These several passages are 
included under the rule which is known as Gran- 
ville Sharp's, but which was as clearly stated as 
it was by him many years before. Bishop 
Beveridge, in his exposition of Titus ii. 13, whicn 
is one of these passages, observed, in condemning & 
method of interpretation which would separate 
the connexion of the words, "The Greek idiom 
would not admit of such a practice, constantly 
requiring that where only one article is used in 
common to two predicates they should both be 
referred to the same subject " (Sermons^ vol. viii. 
p. 79, Lond. 1710). The passages to which this 
remark refers may be seen enumerated at No. xiii. 
in pp. 1 and 2 of the American suggestions. It 
will not, therefore, be necessary to recur to them 
at each instance in which a similar mode of ex- 
pression is made nse of. For ver. 16, see ii., 6^ S. 
iii. 444. 

At 1 Cor. ii. 14, 15, dvaKpivto occurs and is 
translated in the text by " to judge." This word 
is used in a forensic sense five times, and the sub- 
stantive dvaKpla-is once in St. Luke's gospel and 
in the Acts, and in these passages it is rendered 
by " to examine " or " examination," as it is also 
at 1 Cor. ix. 3. It is " to ask a question " at x. 
26, 27, and " to reprove " at xiv. 24. The same 
word also ocean in the passage iv. 4-6, and is 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [(i^aiv.jirLTO,^. 

Tendered ,in the text by '* to jadge" ; bat bo also 
is Kpiv<i) in ver. 6, at which place the idea of 
'^ judgment" first comes in. At Ter. 3 in this 
passage rnjJkpas is also <* judgment." The three 
words avaKptva>,Kpivci>,andn/Acpa lose, accordingly, 
their respective meanings. In the W^ol^e-Parvey 
Tersion tnis is carefuUy reserred to n/Acpa by the 
translation " man's day." It would perhaps be 
capable of being preserred without obscurity by 
*' man's assize." At iiL 16, 17, the proper sense 
of <^^eipo>is kept in both instances of its occur- 
rence, whereas in the A. Y. it is lost in the different 
renderings " defile " and '' destroy." At iy. 4 the 
misunderstanding of the word '' by " in its former 
•ense is prevented by the translation "I know 
nothing against mysdf." The word ''by" was 
' due to Tyndale. At ver. 15 iraiSaya>y<$$ is ren- 
dered " tutor," which insufficiently represents the 
Greek from its present use. The Wydiffe-Purvey 
translation is ^ undermaster." A single term is 
wanting in English; our "attendance officer" is 
perhaps too base. At vL 20 the clause " and in 
your spirit, which are God's," is omitted. At viL 
21-3 "bondservant" is in the text for 8ovAos 
without a marsinal not€^ but commonly there is 
'* servant " in the text with " bondservant " in the 
margin. Something was wanting to mark the 
true sense of the word, as in the modem family 
there is so much difference between the servant 
and the slave. By the "servant" of the A.y, 
the attitude of the early church towards slavery 
was obscured, while at the same time passages 
were alleged to be directly applicable to servants 
which could only by parity of reasoning be so ap- 
plied. In ix. 27 there is for vircuTria^o) " I buffet my 
body," with which the trimslation "trouble," at 
8t. Luke xviiL 5, may be compared. At xL 28 there 
is " or " instead of " and." the corresponding reading 
being adopted. The ntmiliar word "charity" is 
lost at chap. xiii. and is replaced by " love." A 
term so connected with religious thought and 
theological usage will be greatly missed. The old 
translators rejected the word "love," which they 
saw in Tyndale's and the Genevan version, and 
adopted the term "charitv," which had been in 
the Wydiffe-Purvey translation at first, and wss 
commended to them by its use in the Bishops' 
Bible. In xv. 1, 2, it is not easy to comprehend 
to what €t Karcxcre is intended to refer. At ver. 
20 "them that are asleep" is more exact than 
" them that slept " in the A.y. At ver. 26 " abol- 
ished" death is substituted for "destroyed," as it 
is at 2 Timothy i 10, where it also appears in the 
A. v.; but Karapykia is translated "to bring to 
nought f in a similar passage, Heb. iL 14. At^ 
yer. 41 dor^p yotp aorcpos oia<^pet is translated, 
as in the A.Y.^ "for one star differeth from another 
star." In the Bheims version it is, more Uterally 
and concisely, but not less fordbly, "for star 
differeth from star." 

In the passage 2 Oor. i. 3-7, irapaxXi7o>t9 is 
rendered throughout with advantage by the pame 
word " comfort" At ii. 14 dpiafiPevta is trans* 
lated " to lead in triumph," which preserves the 
idea of the Christian being led captive by 
Christ. At ver. 17 KaTn^Xcvovrc? is rendered 
in the text " corrupting." An expressive transla- 
tion is contained in the versions of Tyndale and 
Cranmer, "We are not as the most part [many, 
Tynd.] which chop and change with the word of 
God." This is the same sense of the verb witii 
that in the line of Ennius, "Non cauponantes 
bellum sed belligerantes." The alternative trans- 
lation offered by the revisers, " to make merchan- 
dise of," is the rendering of c/xiropcvofuii at 2 Peter 
iL 3^ which again is varied by "to trade" at 
James iv. 13. In the similar passage, 2 Cor. 
iv. 2, 8oXovvT€S Tov Xoyov is " handling the word 
deceitfuUy." In iiL 3 the substitution of "in 
tables ihat are hearts of flesh " for " in fleshy tables 
of the heart " removes a phrase which has held its 
place since the Wycliffe-Purvey version. At ver. 
18 there is "reflecting," not "beholding," for the 
single occurrence of Karoirrpi^u^voL In the 
same verse the translation is "the Lord the Spirit" 
as in the margin of the A.Y. At v. 15 " there- 
fore all died " is read for " then were all dead," 
which avoids the assigning of the two senses, of 
spiritual and temporal dea£, to the word airk6av€V 
in the same passage. At v. 19 the comma between 
" Christ " and " reconciling " is removed. At vi. 
4-8 the prepositions €v and hid are severally ren- 
dered with their proper significations. At viL 2 
" open your hearts to us " is a paraphrastic trans- 
lation of \(i}pri<rar€ i^fias. At x. 6 "being in 
readiness " is better than the attempt to be literal 
shown by the " having in readiness " of the A.y. 
At xii. 7 there is " thorn" in the text, with " stake ^ 
in the margin. At w. 9, 10, the uniform trans* 
lation of Bwapls in the passage seems at first 
provided by the translation " my power is made 
perfect in weakness"; but Svvafus is translated 
*/the strength of Christ," and fivvaros " strong "^ 
in V. 10. A familiar passage is thus changed with 
no sufficient compensation. 

Ed. Mabshall, F.S.A. 

{Coniinutd fnm p. 2.) 
Ewrly EnglitSh PuhUcaii4yM, — Many of these- 
have come before us in the preceding seotiona. 
The Caxtons have been already described. There 
still, however, remain some of considerable in« 
terest Of Wynkyn de Words, of LorrainsL the 
successor of Gazton in Westminster, I have oeen 
able to discover but two impressions. One has 
been noticed (6^ S. iiL 461) ; the other is a curious 
little volume, Opvaculii koherii WhiUinUmi m 
FkrUiuma Oxonumi Achaiemia LaunaH,^ 

Digitized by VjOOQl 




'mhoXtj in black letter, printed at the sign of the 
Son in Fleet Stre^ 1519. The book oonsiats of 
rnddrenea in Latin Ters e in different metres 
/moetly elagiae) to Henry VIII., Woleey, Charles 
Brandon, Doke of Suffolk, Sir T. More, and John 
8keltoD, who about twenty-three yean previonsly 
had also been oieated *'Poet Laureate in the Uny^ 
wersite of Oxenforde." Of Skelton himself there 
Is Manhe's small edition, '< Fithy^ PleatautUf and 
FrofitahU Wmrhu of MaitUr Skelton. Imprinted 
^ London in Flete Streate, 1568/' 

Bat before proceeding to other early English 
poetry, we will here notice a few Tolnmes in prose, 
selected oat of a large number of sixteenth cen- 
tuiy pnblicationB. Lelandi Cjpuicu^ Four 
•quartos are bound up in this volume. (1) 
^OmiUdiacon Edduerd% apud Beynerum Yuol- 
Hum, in ccemiterio Paulino, ad eneum ser- 
poitem, 1543." This Beginalde or Reynold 
Wolf was a learned German in favour with 
Henry YIII., Cromwell, and Oranmer, a good 
antiquary, and the first who had a patent 
for being the king's printer. (2) The Cygnea 
CkmiiOf in hendecasyllables with a commentery, 
ain$ anno. (3) Encomium Pads in hexameters 
(said to be the first paged book since Oaxton's 
JntrodueUnium Lingua LaUnai\ printed by R 
Wolf, 1646. (4) ^tiertfo ArturU, dedicated to 
Henrr YIIL, '* Londini, apud loannem Herford, 
1S44/' in forty leaves. We notice further, in 
^otbio ^ype : '^LetUn and TracU by Frii\ a Boke 
made by Johan Fryth, prysonner in the Tower, 
fto. Sooloker and Seres, 1644," 8va Bound 
with this are several curious tracts, e.^., *' A Oon- 
fesaion of the most auncient and true Christe 
CWtholike Olde Belefe," &o., April, 1666, 16mo., 
^laaprinted in Sothewarke by Christopher TruthaL*' 
The name of the printer, under whicn many books 
were issued in Mary's rei^, is supposed to be a 
feigned one. Amons editions of the pre-Eliza^ 
bethan poets the following, in ffothic type, are 
entitled to notice. Two copies of William Lang- 
land, (1) " The Viiion of Pierce Plowman, nowe 
the seoonde time imprinted by Robert Crowley," 
Aa, 1660, 4to. ; (2) «* T^ Vinon of Pierce Plow- 
mem, newlye imprinted after the authours olde 
eopy, with a brefe summary of the principall 
matter! set before every part called Passus, where- 
unto la also annexed tiie Credo of Pierce Plow- 
man, never imprinted with the booke before. 
London, by Owen Rogers, dwellyng neare unto 
great saint Bartelmewes Gkte, at the sygne of the 
Bpred ^le," 4ta The '^Crede,' however, as 
IW. Skeat has pointed out, is not by Laoglaod, 
bfut by the author of The Plowman'i TaU, a sati- 
rical poem often wrongly ascribed to Chaucer. In 
the above edition after the ^ Crede," which occu- 
pies fifteen leaves, is an '' Literpretation of certayn 
oard wordea." 
Chaucer. — A fi>lio, with illustrations in- 

serted, with the following title, inscribed in an 
architective compartment having a medallion 
with two heads : " The Worhes of Geffray Chaucer, 
newly printed with dyvers workes which were 
never in print before." The colophon is, " Im- 
prynted at London by Robart Toye, dwellyng in 
raules Churcheyarde at sygne of the BeU," nne 
anno. Gower, Confessio Amaniis, 1664, folio, 
has a likeness of Gower on a plate by Yertue. 

The unique copy of Udairs Balph BoieUt 
Doiiter, discovered in 1818 and presented in that 
year to the library, has been mentioned (6*^ S. iii. 
103). The title-page is gone. It was probably 
printed in 1666 or 1666, in which latter year 
T. Hackett is recorded in the Register of the 
Stationers' Company to have had a licence for 
printing Bauf Buytter Dueler, but that it was 
written at least as early as 1663 is proved by a 
quotation from it oocurriDg in Sir T. Wilson's 
Eule ofReaeon (third ed., 1663). 

The first part of that singular work, A Mirour 

for Magistratee was published in 1669. The 

edition in this library was printed by Felix 

Kyngston, 1610. It is a collection of stories by 

several poets on the misfortunes of the great men 

in Engush history, after the model of Boccaccio's 

De (heibue Virorum lUuetrium, Planned as 

early as 1667, by Thomas Sackville, the first Lord 

Buckhnrst and Earl of Dorset, it is best known 

for the contributions made to it by him, especially 

the verv remarkable and noble '^ Induction," which 

in the history of our English poetry is generally 

regarded as the link between Chaucer and Spenser. 

George Qascoigne has the threefold interest 

attaching to him, that his Steel Olae is the earliest 

instance of eatire, and among the earliest specimens 

of hlatdc verte, in Qur language, while in Ceriayne 

Notee of Inetruetion there is the first English 

critidtm properly so called. We have the earliest 

issue after the author's death: '*The Whole 

Woorkes, Newlye compyled into one Volume. 

Imprinted by Abell Jeffes, dwelling in the Fore 

Streete without Creeple-Gate, neere unto Grub 

Street," London, 1687, with a portrait of 

Gasooigne. This is a handsome small quarto, 

mostlv in gothic type, though parts are not so^ 

e.g., tbe Supposee, a translation from the Suppoeiti 

of Ariosto, acted at Gray's Inn in 1666. We mej 

mention in passing a copy of the Satiree of Bp. 

ball {Virgidemdarum), which is interesting as 

having belonged to Gibbon. It has his name 

written in it in a boyish hand, *' Edward Gibbon, 

Gentleman Commoner of Magdalen College, Ox* 

ford. May 10th, 1763," and a book-plate with hia 

coat of arms. 

Francis St. John Thaceebat. 
Eton OoUege. 

{To he conOnuid.) 

Paul Hentzner's IHnerarium Germania, Oallim, 




copy of this edition is in the library of Lincoln's 
Inn. See " N. & Q.," 3'^* S. iv. 428. 

E. W. B. 

May we hope that these valuable and interesting 
papers will be reprinted? I shall be glad to 
Bubscribe for a few copies. Estk. 


Whbk was "Appointed to bb rsad in 
churches" first used? — Various comments 
haying appeared in the Times and in other papers 
sui to when the statement " appointed to be read 
in churches " first appeared in the version now in 
use, commonly called the Authorized Version, 
it may interest some of your readers if I 
supply the following information from my own 
copies of that version. One writer has stated, I 
belieye, that these words did not appear in the 
ftrst edition, but were added afterwards, and 
another writer asserts that they first appeared in 
1613, both of which statements are incorrect. 

The first edition of the Authorized Version is 
dated 1611. There were two issues in that year, 
both dated 1611. There are two titles, one, a 
copper-plate engraving by 0. Boel, the other a 
woodcut border having the print in the centre. 
Both these titles, and the New Testament title of 
the second issue, have the words " Appointed to 
be read in churches.'' They are omitted from the 
title before the New Testament in the first issue. 
Six large folio editions in black letter were printed 
for use in churches, including the two issues in 
1611, and those of 1613, 1617, 1634, aifd 1640. 
The words occur on all the title-pages and the 
New Testament title-pages, except on one New 
Testament title, as above. The first folio without 
these words is the small folio, 1616, printed in 
Boman type. I find these words generally placed 
on both title-pages. These editions adopt the 
statement on both titles :— Folios 1629, 1638, both 
Cambridge ; 1629, London ; 1682, 1706, 1709, 
two editions, 1723, 1738, 1793, Edinburgh ; and 
other editions I have examined. Some large folios 
printed in Oxford, as 1680 and 1685, have orna- 
mental copper-plate titles. From these the words 
are omitted, probably because they did not accord 
with the design. The editions of 1632 and 1639 
(folio) have the words only on the title. 

As to the quarto editions. The first 1612, like 
the first in 1611, has the words on the title, bift 
not on the New Testament title. The 1613 Roman 
type follows 1612, so does that of 1622. These 
omit the words from both titles : — 1612-13, 1614, 
1619-1627 in Roman, 1613, 1613-14, 1614-15. 
I find later editions vary. 

As to the octavo editions. The first two in 1612, 
these, and twenty-seven other editions before 1630, 
bave not the words on either title. "Appointed 
to be read in churches " occurs in the octavos in 
1630. I looked to a few more and found the 

statement also on both titles of 1631, 1634,. 1636, 
1640, 1671, 1682, 1699. No doubt the quarta 
and octavo editions were printed for private use^ 
and it was not considered important that the word» 
should always appear. I think this is sufficievlr 
evidence on the subject ; it would be needless to* 
examine a large number more of editions which I 
have in my collection of the Authorized Version. 

Francis Frt. 
Tower House, Gotham. 

Drtdsn? — Among the commendatory poems 
prefixed to Creech's translation of Lucretius, there 
is one which I have little doubt is by Dryden, 
though— and this is my reason for calling attention 
to it— it has not hitherto been included among his 
poems. I enclose a copy of the poem in question, 
and I think many students of English literature 
would be glad to become acquainted with it. I 
may point out a few reasons which lead me to 
the opinion that Dryden was the author of the 
verses : — 

1. The general style is that of Dryden, and in 
this connexion I would call attention to the 
triplet, lines three to five. 

2. Dr. Johnson says (Life of Dryden) : — 

"He [Dryden] is accused of envy and inridionsness; 
and ifparticularly charged with inciting Creech to trans- 
late Bf()race, that he might lose the reputation which. 
Lucretiua had gifen him." 

See the Unes, 

'* Horace we have in Paraphrastick dress," &c, 

3. " I am read in cares. 
And bend beneath the weight of Fifty years." 

Dryden had just passed his fiftieth birthday at^ 
the date of the poem (Jan. 25, 1682). 

4. " Kor take, that Sort of Settlement, a wife." 
A sneer at marriage, common with Dryden. 

5. It might be thought Dryden would hardly 
say: — 

" The Heavenly Virgil here has unffered wrong, 
Taught by unskilful bands the Englith Tongue," 
but I believe Dryden did not commence his trans- 
lation of Virgil till twelve years after the date of 
the verses in question. 

To Mr. Crueh vpon hft Trantlation of Lucretiiu 
into Bngltih. 
How happy had our English tongue been made, 
Were but our wit industrious as our Trade. 
Wou'd we from hence to distant Countries go. 
What Greece or Rome e 're >ieids in England sow. 
And teach th' Unlearned what the Learned know» 
In this the French ezcell, but we take care 
Kot what they write, but oTily what they wear; 
Vain tho' they be, in them le!«s cntc we find 
To dress the Body than adorn the Mind. 
There, to know all, you only French A\9\\ need; 
And the worlds Learning in one Language read. 

Why should our hie be by her sons deny'd ; 
What, if obtained, would prove her greatest Pride t 
Shou'd some object our LanguHge will not bear. 
Let 'em but reed thy Book, 'tis Answer'd there, t I r> 
Digitized b \^^ 




Tlion 9hOY9 ftll seem'st for tliit Task darign'd : 
Ghannliig thy Pen. and matchleM is thy mind; 
mtli all Youlh'B Fii^, and Aros Jodgment bleat> 
lieaniing itaelf is Mated in thy breast : 
Thoa haat Lucretius English t — 
Nor has it ■uffer^d by the Change of Tongue^ 
We read, and find Lucre tlas all along. 
Thae nre the God of Poets did inspire, 
And warm'd thy Breast wiih his peculiar Fire ; 
PSekt^ Irom her seyeral Stins, thy happier hand 
To bless with Forreign Wit thy Native Land, 
Thy Pen might make Theocritus appear 
In Bnglish Dress and wound the list'ning Ear. 
The Haayenly Virgil Here has suffer**! wrong, 
Taoght by unskilful hands the English Tongue : 
He Degp Uiy Ai«i, for him the Land beside, 
Oui tU these ash, and can they be deny'd 1 
Hofaes we hare in Paraph ra^tick dress, 
(ThsT who enlarge his Poems, make 'em less) 
Tho baulkt before woo'd see ua soon agen. 
And Courts th* assistance of thy Juster Pen : 
On these, and such as these, if such there are, 
Imploy those hours Convenience lets thee spare. 
For mm in Wadham*s peaceful Walls reside, 
Books be thy Pleasure, to do well thy Pride. 

Belieye me. Youth, for I am read in Cares, 
And bend beneath the weight of Fifty years ; 
Dear benight Experience told me what was true. 
And Friendship bids me tell those Truths to you. 

Quit not for publick Cares thy College Life» 
Nor take, that sort of Settlement, a wife. 
Trast not the glittering Court, or noisy Town 
Hnng not on this Fools Laugh, nor that Knayes frown ; 
Bat^ as thou art. Lord of thy self appear. 
Thy hours thy own, not dogg'd with hopes or fear. 
Thus we mi^ every year expect to see, 
Things we shall wonder at, and worthy Thee, 

Loodon, Jan. 25, 1682. 

A. J. 

DASTXy "IupgRKO," V. 137.— The meaning of 
the line, 

'* Galeotto fn '1 libro e chi lo scrisse/' 
is BO cleftr that it seems strange that an^ of the 
commentators shoald have failed to see it. Pog- 
g^Ii (ed. Livomo, 1806) has the following note :— 
''CiaTTertonoi piilantichi interpret! di Dante, Qaleotto 
esnre stato 11 nome del supposto o yero impuro meszano 
del disonesti amori tra Lancilotto e OineTra," — 

wbieh is all true enough ; but he goes on to say : — 
** Dal Boccaccio, da Benvennto da Imola, dal Landino 
e daaltri siamo altresi assicurati 11 detto Oaleotto esser 
snehe stato 1' autore del detto Romanic ; e yI d ancora chi 
ende che Oaleotto fosse il Teochio titolo del detto libro." 

Kow Boccaccio is aboat the last person whom 
cue would suspect of having made Buch a mistake 
M is here imputed to him ; and the plain truth is 
that he has said nothing of the kind. His words 
an limply: — 

"E cosi Tuol quesia donna dire che quelle libro il 
qoale leggevano Polo ed el la qoello nfloio adoperasse tra 
wr due, che adopera Oaleotto tra Lancilotto e la reina 
OensTra; e quel medesimo dice essere st«to colui che 
jwjjte: perciocchd se scritto non 1* aTesse, non ne po- 
«tbbe esser segnito quelle ne seKui." 
Benyennto da Imola is equally explicit : "Galeotto 
milmezzano di Lancilotto con GineTia; U libro 
^Mh teriiH fwrono i noitri mmani^ 

Poggiali is equally unfortunate in his reference 
to Landino, who shows plainly that he knew as 
well as Boccaccio and B. da Imola the meaning of 
the expression. He saysc-^" Questo libro e chi lo 
scrisse fu GaUotto : cio h fu mezsuno a noi, come 
Galeotto a Lancilotto e a Ginevra," &c. So also 
Peter Allighieri: — '^Deinde dicit de dicto Gale- 
otto qui sicut fuit medius inter Lancilottum et 
Geneyram, iic itU liber, vel qui turn icripsit^ 
fecit officium inter Paulum et Francescam." 
Neither Jacopo della Lana nor the author of 
L' Ottimo has a word on the subject ; probably they 
both thought the meaning too obyioua to need any 
comment. This strange blunder of Poggiali is the 
more remarkable from the concluding words of hia 
own note, in which he tells us (on the authority 
of B. da Imola) that *^ Galeotto " was already in 
Dante's time used proverbially as synonymous 
with mezzano or unsale. For the supposition that 
the book itself ("la tavola rotonda") was ever so 
called, as Lombardi seems to think, I can find no 
authority ; while we know that the DecafMrone, if 
not named '' II Principe Galeotto " by Boccaccio 
himself, certainly acquired this title at a very early 
date. F. Norgatb.. 

LuTHBR AND Hbnrt VIII.— The following is 
the title of a small quarto pamphlet I have now 
before me, Wluthir the King of England be a 
Liar or Luther (''Ob der Etiaig usz Eogelland 
ein liigner sey oder der Luther"), hj Thomas 
Murner. It was printed at Strassburg in Alsace, 
A.D. 1522, by Johannes Griininger, who, at the 
end of the work, thus curiously apologizes for 
haying printed the brochure : — 

'* Zu lob vnd ere got dem almechtigen za nutz und 
filrst&nd christlichem glauben und den heiligen Sacra* 
mente auch za entschuldigunK kiiniglicher maiestet von 
EuKcland und su gut alier oberkeit hab ich Johannes 
Orteninger burger tu Sltofsbura dis buch getruckt in 
guter hoffnung nieoiAn mir solchs verargen werd wie 
wol mich etlich angeret ich sol es ein andn trucken 
lessen etc. Mag doch ein ieder frumer wol bedencken 
das ich mit meiner handtierung dis und ander trQck mein 
narung suchen musz. Vnd ist dis buchlin vollendet vff 
sent Martins abent in dem jar nach d. geburt christi 
vnsers lieben herren. Tausent fUnffhundt zwei und 
zwentzig etc." 

On the title-page is printed Henry YIIL's coat 
of arms. 

This, however, is only one out of many and 
interesting pamphlets which appeared on this 
subject at the time of the Reformation. The 
quarrel between Luther and Henry Vllf. arose 
through the former publishing his De Captivitate 
Babylonica, Henry then published the following, 
which was against Luther, Assertio SepUm Sacra-- 
meyitorum advertus Martin, Lutherum, London, 
1521,4to. The latter Luther tried to answer in Latin 
as well as in German. The German title of his 
answer runs thus : — 

" Jn(ivor« deuieeh Mart Luther's auff lonig Sein* 




rieht von Engelland huch. Liigen than mvr nichty 
Warheyt schew ioh nicht." Small 4to., Wittenberg, 

Luther says in tbis brochure, *' Many people be- 
lieve that King Henry did not write this book 
[viz., i4M«r(io] himself," and on this account his 
answer is very sharp against Henry. 

Now uppears Mumer's pamphlet, which I have 
already mentioned. Mumer was a great Anti-refor- 
mationist, consequently an opponent of Luther^ 
and on Henry's^ side in Luther's attack on him. 
The pamphlet is a sort of conversation between 
Murner, Henry, and Luther. The subject of their 
conversation, however, is taken chiefly from their 
writings. Mumer, at all events, decidedly affirms 
that Luther is a liar, as he mentions in the title of 
his brochure^ and further states, towards the end, 
that Luther has in this question, on the whole, 
lied fifty times, the fiftieth lie being, ''Luther 
having denied that he had lied," " which," he says, 
** was worse than all his other lies together." 

This note may prove of interest to some of the 
readers of **N,&Q." 0. T. 

Thb City of London Regimbnt. — Might I 
ask vou to kindly insert the enclosed letter, which 
has lately appeared in the City Prea, in the hope 
that it may draw the attention of the Lord Mayor 
and Corporation of London to the unjust treat- 
ment their own old corps is about to receive by 
being supplanted by the 7th Royal Fusiliers in 
the above title, a corps raised one hundred years 
later than ** The Buffs " for the purpose of taking 
charge of the Tower of London, at the time a royiu 
fortress, and of overawing the citizens of London 
during Monmouth's rebellion. The citizens were 
at great variance with the Court at that time as 
to boundaries, &c. The 7th Fusiliers, moreover, 
have never been in any way oonnectod with the 
City of London : — 

" To tk« Editor of(k4 aty Preu, 
" SiR,^I Tenture to appeal to you for help in secur- 
ing justice for the most ancient corps in ber Mi^esty's 
■enrice, tIx., the 8rd, 'The Buffs' Regiment. The 
anthoritiea, in spite of the most argent representions of 
the officers of the regiment, haye decided against the 
ancient buff facinn being retained, and are now about 
to designate the 7th Boyal Fusiliers ' The City of London 
Regiment.' If any regiment has a claim to that title it 
is certainly the Buffs, and not the Boyal Fusiliers. The 
claims of the Buffs, put shortly, are as follows: In March, 
1672, a company of 800 soldiers was raised from the 
City of London Companies by the veteran Captain 
Thomas Morgan, and on May 1st of that year, before 
proceeding to Flashing, was mustered and exercised in 
thepresenceof her Majesty Queen Elizabeth in Qreenwieh 
Park. In 1585 the historical records of the regiment 
inform as— * The Livery Companies of the City of 
London provided " a limited number of men " for serrice 
in the States, " and the men furnished by the City being 
incorporated into the corps which is now the 3rd Begi- 
meat of Foot, or Buffs, it was afterwards the practice 
for this regiment to recruit within the precincts of the 
City, and to enjoy the ezcluslTe privilege of marching 

through the (Sbr of London with colours flying and 
drums beating." '^ This pririlege has always been ex- 
ercised without question, and the following letter from 
the Lord Mayor, dated from the Mansion House, October 
12tb, 1846, proYes that the City of London was at that 
date proud of the connexion between itself and the regi* 
ment: — 

" ' 8ia,— I ha?e had the honour of receiving your 
letter, and feel pleasure in recognizing the claim you 
have so properly made of the ancient priTilege of yoar 
regiment, as haying sprang from the City of LondoDy 
to march through it with fixed bayonets and ooloora 
flying, and I have giyen directions that your entranoe at 
Temple Bar shalT be unopposed and your progress 
through the Qty facilitated. It U also gratif^ng for 
me to learn from you the feelings of pride and ddiriit 
with which yoar regiment approach this ancient atj, 
the place of their early formation.— I hare the honour 
to be, sir, your obedient serrant, Jho. Johksov, Mayor. 
—Lieut-Colonel Sir J. Dennis, E.C.B.' 
" In 1708 the regiment acquired its distinctlTe title from 
the colour of its clothing, the men's coats being lined 
and faced with buff, their waistcoats, breeches, and 
stockings being also buff, thus representing the original 
leather coats and breeches of the Trained Bands {Ump, 
Queen Elizabeth). Hence the regiment was empha- 
tically styled ' The Buffs,' a name by which it has ever 
since been recognised. In 1782 King George III. com* 
manded that 'The Buffs' should assume the title of 
* Bast Kent Begiment,' but for what reason does not 
appear. In the words of the compiler of the historical 
records of the regiment, ' If the practice of inscriUng 
on regimental colours the batties won and the towns ct^ 
tured had existed from the period of its formation, the 
colours of *' The Buffs " would exhibit a catalogae of 
honourable distinctions sulBcient to cover a page of 
history. Its records will, however, bear testimony of its 
gallantry to future generations, and serre as a monument 
of its glory to incite " The Buffs " of every age to vie in 
feats of Talour with the heroes of Eeminant, TumhoaL 
Nieuport, Ostend, Blenheim, Bamilies, Oudenarde, and 
Malplaquet, and with the brare men who foaght in Por- 
tugiU, Spain, and France, under the Duke of Wellington^ 
the warriors whose gallantry achieved the honour of 
bearing the inscriptions which now decorate the rsgi- 
mental colours.' To these may now be added the 
Crimean, China, and Zulu wars. Surely one may plead 
that such splendid services as the above list £q»laje 
should procure the greatest consideration to this most 
ancient corps, both in the matter of its distinctive dress 
and its territorial titie.^I have the honour to be, sir, one 
who is proud of having for some years served in the 
most ancient corps in the service, D. G. C. B. 

" P.S.— As it is approaching very near to the time of tiie 
deed being done, I wUl ask jou to give an early insertion 
to the above." 

An old Officbb of "The Buffs." 

Thb Harrisons of Norfolk (conttntud from 
e^ S. ill 606).— Henry Harrison, Esq., of Woi^ 
stead, aUaded to in '' N. & Q.," 6^ S. L 279, ooL 1, 
L 17, espooaed Sarah, danghter of Joseph Mower, 
onder whose will he inherited an estate at and 
near Palling, whioh, with other property, Mr. 
Harrison doTised to his wife for life, and ftfter- 
wards to his children, some if not all of 
whom were under age at the making of his wiU, 
Feb. 1, 1789, proved by his widow and execa- 
triz, at Norwioo^ Not. 18 same year. His brother, 
Gffgny Hmiaon, ftf^.Ju^^^^^OMO v 




pointed un executor thereof as well as guardian of 
the ohildieDy most if not all of whom were bom 
at Plalliiig prior to 1781; of these Jane, bom 
1771, died Oct 29, 1779, and was buried there ; 
and Henry was bom Jan. 30, 1780. Their 
gnndmoiher Jane, relict of Gregoiy Harrison, 
of Palling^ who died in 1757, aged about 
52 years, surriyed him to Christaias Day, 
1779, and was buried on the south side of the 
churdiyard there, where memorials to the family 
should be found. The Qrefloiy alluded to at 
^ 8. xi. 114, bom at Hemsby in 1733, is more 
likely to be the one buried there in 1762, and 
who has probably been confounded with the 
Gregory Harrison of Fklling herein mentioned. 
I may here obserre that some of the WeUs family 
(S^ S. zL 230) wera farmers at Horsey, and 
Harriette, wife of the late William Harrison 
Wells, of Norwich, mentioned in foot-note t same 
was bom Feb. 5, 1811, and baptized at 

Elizabeth, second wife of Thomas Haryson ^6*^ S. 
X 175, par. 6), was a daughter of Thomas Atkyns, 
of SoutA Walsham, Gent, and of Elizabeth his 
wife, married as Dent at Bnrlingham St Andrew, 
January, 1554, and was probia>ly bom prior to 
Dec 30, 155Q, when her Mher died. There were 
also married there, May 2, 1686, Robert Hargraye 
and Ann GouldsworUi. He died Sept 11, 
1727, and was buried there. Thomas, JUius 
aduUui of William Adkins, of Great Yarmouth, 
and of Maigaret his wife, was baptized at Homing 
In September, 1686. Tytus Langham, of Yarmouth, 
widower, and Elizabeth Hanison, of Gaister, 
spinster, and secondly Maiy S^, spinster, whose 
father was a shipowner ; Bobert namson, widower, 
and Amphillis Langham, widow ; and John Payne 
and Bebeoca Hanison (single persons, and of 
Sepps], were all married at Yarmouth, April 28, 
1624, Jan. 16, 1631. June 21, 1668, and Oct. 9, 
1671, respeotiyely. Mai^, daughter of John and 
Maiy Harrison, was baptized at Thrigby, June 27, 

Of the Harrisons of Ade, about forty of whom 
Sffo registered, George and Sarah had a son 
Vrands, bom there March 26, 1708, and a daughter 
Sarah and a son Gonstantine, both bom at Oby 
or Thume (the former March 1, 1709, and the 
latter Oct 11, 1711), where Mary, daughter of 
Chr^gory and Mary, was buried May 11, 1730, and 
also Heniy, son of Daniel and Ann Harrison, of 
Spowston, who died Aug. 1, 1871, aged 70. 
William Hfurrison, of Biidestone, was buried 
there in 1742, and Daniel Harrison (the blind son 
of James and Sarah Harrison of Lingwood) of the 
same place, widower, and Letitia Doe, a single 
woman, are thought to haye married near there 
in 1816, and to have died about 1846. 

William Habbisov Budd. 
(To U ^ontinmid,) 

A Fasting Woman of ths Thibtbbnth Cbn- 
TURT. — The following extract from the OpuB 
MinuMy a little-known work of Boger Bacon, may 
be of some interest at the present time. Bacon, 
in the course of an explanation of the causes why 
men no longer reach the ages of the patriarchs, 
quotes a few instances of extraordinary longeyity 
in his own day. Among them he mentions the 
case of a fasting woman of Norwich. The passage 
rans as follows : — 

"Et etiam aliqui dia yixemnt sine natrimento at 
noitrif temporibua fait ana molier in Anglia in dioceai 
Norwicensi, qn» non comedit per xz annos, et fuit 
pinguia et in bono ttata, nuUam saperflaitatem emittans 
do corpora, ticat probayit episcopus^par fldalem axamina« 

Bacon goes on to prove that the occurrence, so &r 
from being a miracle, was an opui naturcB. and 
ascribes it somewhat obscurely to astrological in- 
fluences (of. Fr. Bogeri Bacon Opera qucedam 
haetmuM tnediUi, ed. J. S. Brewer, M. A, p. 373). 

S. L. Lbb. 
Balliol College, Oxford. 

Pacific Islands Folk-lobb.— When in the 
Tonga-tabu group I was amused by a curious 
custom the natiyes there have, of saying, when one 
sneezed, " Ofa," which means love. I asked the 
reason for this, and was told that when a man 
sneezed he was thinking of his wife, and that when 
a woman did so she was thinking of her husband ; 
so that they consider it only a polite little atten- 
tion to say ''Ofa" to one at those times. Here in 
Bamoa I find a very different phrase in vogue on 
similar occasions, and, on account of its likeness in 
meaning to one still used in England, of much 
greater interest. Here when one sneezes they say, 
** Soefua," whose meaning is, as near as possible, 
" Qod bless you." It is strange that in two coun- 
tries so far apart as England and Samoa there 
should be a custom so very much alike. 

Alfred St. Johnston. 

Apia, Samoa. 

An Old Marblv Slab. — In St. Margaret's 
churchyard, Westminster, there is a remarkable 
slab of white marble, which I remember for more 
than seventy years. After that lapse of time it 
shows, I believe, hardly any signs of decay, and Ib 
not perceptibly worn. These characteristics and 
the simple inscription — three slender letters of 
early Boman character— cannot fail to give an im- 
pression of very great age, if not antiquity. The 
slab, about fifty inches long and twenty- one inches 
wide, lies nearly at the intersection of two lines 
prolonged through the axis of St. Margaret's 
Church and the axis of the cross arms of the Abbey. 
The letters are t ii, the two I's being so close 
together as to give the impression of the number 
two being meant. I have a small chip of the 
marble, which fully testifies to its great durability. 
Digitized by VnOOQlC 



(6* 8. IV. Jolt 9/81. 

Soon this and all the other stones of the area "will 
be in oblivion, before which the carious relic 
should be duly examined by competent judges. 
An Old Imbabitaht. 


We muBt raqoeit correBpondonti dttiring information 
on family matien of onlj priTate interatt, to affix their 
namea and addrewei to their queries, in order that the 
answers may be addressed to them direct 

" NiPOTiSMO Di Roma," 1667. — In his full 
and ordinarily accurate account of the Elzevirs 
{Lu Ehsevier: Hutoire tt AnnaUt Tffpographique$f 
Bruxelles, 1880), M. Alphonse Willems describes 
a curious Italian work of GregorioLeti, II Nipotx$mo 
di Roma^ &c., 1667, 2 parts, in 12mo. The work — 
No. 1384 in M. Willems's Catalogue — he assigns 
to Daniel Elzevier. Of the contents he gives the 
following description : '* 1« part, 12 ff. limin., 
208 pp.; 2« part, 248 pp., 12 ff. de Ubles." I 
possess a volume the title of which corresponds 
with that described by M. Willems. My copy 
has, however, for the first part, 12 preliminary 
leaves (24 pages), including in this the title and 
false title, 12 leaves of tables, and 380 pages ; and 
for the second part, 4 preliminary leaves, 20 leaves 
of tables, and 456 pages. I am aware that fac- 
similes and imitations of Elzevir editions were 
printed in the Hague and elsewhere, and shall be 
glad if any reader of " N. & Q." can tell me if this 
is one of such. J. Knight. 

Walker's " Aristologt ; or, the Art of 
DiNiNO." — la arittology a proper title? Is not 
apiarrov the Roman prandium and the French 
df^ieHner^ and not the dinner? If any Greek 
scholar was at the banquet given by some mem- 
bers of the Mutual Life Assurance Society last 
week, at the Crystal Palace, to illustrate the 
doctrines of Walker, let him answer this question 
if he can. A Disciple of Walker in the 
Art of Dinimo. 

''Lb Joif Polonais," Erckmann-Chatriav, 
AcTE I^ sc&MB vii.— "Ce sera moi, Daniel 
Walter, qui Vattacherai la jarretikre," Do the 
words in italics refer to some Alsatian marriage 
custom ? B. Clare. 

History of Lincolnshire.— I picked np, the 
other day, at an old bookstall a 12mo. volume, 
lettered outside "Lincolnshire," and "published 
for the proprietors by Sherwood, Gilbert, and 
Piper, Paternoster Row, 1828." On the title-page 
is "Vol. L containing the City of Lincoln and 
Division of Lindsey." Can any of your Lincoln- 
shire readers tell me whether the second volume 
was ever published ? From the lettering on the 
binding, which is contemporary and choice of its 
kind, I should fancy not. The advertiaement or 

preface, however, implies that the work was 
intended to be completed. 

E. Walford, M.A. 
Hampstead, N.W. 

Roberts's " Holt Land."— Will some ope tell 
me what three plates are omitted in the 1847 
edition of this work ; whether all three volumes 
of the " Egypt and Nubia " portion were dedicated 
to Louis Philippe ; and what is the present selling 
yalae of the 1846-49 edition ? C. 

** To SEE with half an eye." — Jeremy Taylor 
has, "But half an eye may see the different 
acconnte" (vol. ix. p. 386, Edin. ed.). Will any 
correspondent point out earlier uses of the ex- 
pression " To see with half an eye '' ? 

Ed. Marshall. 

King of Edwardstone, co. Suffolk. — Can 
any of your readers give me information concern- 
ing this family ? The records of that parish con- 
tain, from 1658 to 1747, forty- five entries of 
baptisms, marriages, and deaths of the name King. 
I desire, if possible, to obtain a clue to the English 
ancestry of Mr. John King, who came to America 
about 1715. He was born in England in 1681, and, 
by family tradition, was the son of John and Mary 
King, of Edwardstone, Suffolk. 

A letter from his mother, dated "Ednarston 
[? Edwardstone], April 20, 1718" (still in pos- 
session of the family in America), mentions her 
other sons William, Thomas, and Jonathan, and 
her daughter Mary, as being in England at that 
time. The family in America have a tradition 
that the arms of their English ancestors were, — 
A lion rampant on the shield, with a phc&niz for 
a crest. This description corresponds quite closely 
with the arms of the Rev. John King, of Ipswich, 
who died in 1822, aged eighty- three. They were, 
—Sable, a lion rampant or, crowned arg., between 
three cross crosslets or. Crest, out of a ducal 
coronet or, a demi-ostrich arg., beak or. Replies 
may be sent direct to RuFUS Kino. 

Tonkers, Westchester Co., New York. 

The Gypsy Carews and the Eurus or 
the MabIbhIrata. — Can it be ascertained in 
what year the Gypsy Carews arrived in England^ 
and by what name they were then designated ? 
The Mahabhdrata, or great war, properly Mahi- 
rabat, is an Arabic and not a Sanskrit word, being 
the noun of place of the Arabic triliteral root 
harala, he fought, took place about a.d. 1450-75, 
between the Kurus and their Pdndu kindred. The 
Kurus are supposed to have been the descendants 
of Welch or Devonshire ancestors, who settled in 
India about the time of the Crusades, and, being 
driven out of that country by the conquests of 
Timurling, in the fifteenth century returned, 
speaking the Hindustani language, to Europe, 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 




where they were called Gypsies ot Zingaria, from 
Egypt, and Zaoj, in Abyssinia, countries in which 
they had found refuge on their way home. 

R. R. W. Ellis. 
Dawlish, South Devon. 

An Old Gaki : " The devil oh two sticks." 
— Was thie a well-known game seventy or eighty 
years ago 1 It consisted of a pair of thin sticks, 
with a string of about a yard in length tied at the 
>end of each, so as to unite them, an hourglass- 
shaped piece of box wood (the devil), with a hole 
on one side, as in a humming-top, and a grooved 
brass collet in the middle. The devil was balanced 
•on the string and kept in motion by moving the 
sticks rapidly up and down, and when kept up 
-any time it made, of course, a humming. The game 
went in pairs, and each player tried to balance his 
devil the longest. The only ones I ever saw were 
at my grandmother's. They had belonged to my 
father, and were, I believe, turned out amongst 
other rubbish some thirty years since, and so lost 
■ightof. E. H, 

Books belohqimo to John Wesley.— Can 
.you inform me of the whereabouts of a book by 
Thomas Brett on the Eucharistio Office, originally 
in the possession of the founder of Methodism, and 
offered for sale (as mentioned in your pages) by 
Messrs. Sotheby & Wilkinson on June 5 and 6, 
1857 ? A near relative of mine purchased a few 
Tears ago, from a Bristol bookseller, an em- 
broidered pocket-book, presented by John Wesley 
in company with a Bible to a young lady friend 
on her marriage. Can any of your correspondents 
who are interested in Wesleyan collecting tell me 
4Uiything of this copy of the Holy Book ? 

T. Cann Hughes. 

"Ho thy way. "—In the holiday number of 
the lUmtrated London Newt, Mr. William Black 
introduces a song, the concluding verse of which 
h: — 

" Ho £*y way, my bonny bairn, 
So tkjf way upon mj airm ; 
Bo tkjf way, ibon siill may learn 
To My dada sae bonny." 

Mr. Black suggests in a foot-note that it may 
mean "hold thy waiL" Can any reader of 
*' N. & Q." settle the point for us ? 

John Ballikoer. 
nee Library, Boncaster. 

Van Cook : Van Mstbns.— I have had no 
«aswer as to Van Cook, an artist about 1780. Does 
any one know of Van Metens in the seventeenth 
century? A Cwt. 

HoNORiFiCABiLiTUDiNiTY. — This Verbal levia- 
than appears in Fhilol»fgo$ Bailey's dictionary, 
fourth •dition, 172a I should be glad to know if 

any instance of its use is known, or whether it is 
one of those words never seen except in dictionaries^ 
and which are thorns in the side of Dr. Murray. 

Jahsb Hoopbs. 

(6«» S. iii. 228, 294, 492.) 
I wish it were possible to congratulate R. B» 
upon either adding to the general stock of 
knowledge by his note upon this subject, or on 
showing courtesy to a correspondent from whom 
he differs in opinion. I cannot do so in either case ; 
on the contraiy, in order to clear myself from his 
implied charge of having *' squared facts to 
theories," it will, I fear, be necessary to convict him 
of something like an impertinence. In order to 
do so as leniently as is consistent with justice, let 
me recall the first qnery. Mr. Bingham asked 
for information concerning the authorship, &o., of 
a certain dilapidated ** Hieroglyphic Bible " printed 
by Bassam, of St. John Street, Smithfield, the 
woodcuts of which, be said, " are really not badly 
executed." He prefaced his onery by saying that^ 
so long ago as " N. & Q." 2"« S. ii. 89, a question 
had been put concerning "this singular little book/' 
which hedid not remember had ever been answered. 
As I believed that the subject came within the 
scope of my own knowledge, I ventured to take it 
up» giving references to Hugo's Bewick Collector 
and to Jackson and Chatto's History of Wood 
Engraving^ for the purpose of enabling any one 
curious in the matter to solve the problem in his 
own way. R. R/s *' way " is one which I should 
not think many readers will be inclined to follow ; 
for, apparently without taking pains to be accurate^ 
he rushes hastily into the field, hits off the wrong 
scent, with the accuracy of a detective policeman, 
and founds on his own error an accusation of «t(p- 
presiio veri against an unoffending co-worker, 
whose simple object was to "requite a part of the 
courtesies " received at the hands of others by pre- 
senting such facts as a moderately comprehensive 
course of reading has enabled him to acquire. I 
may remark that I had for data a " Hieroglyphic 
Bible," with cuts **not badly executed," printed 
by Bassam ; and, working backwards, I traced the 
succession of Bassam to T. Hodgson, with whom 
Thomas (not John) Bewick undoubtedly worked 
during his short sojourn in London ; and assuming, 
from the authorities above given, that the author- 
ship belonged to' Thomas Bewick, I suggested that 
the artist might possibly have been infloenced by 
a curious form of Italian caprice, and named Pala- 
tine as a likely original. Thereupon R. R. runs 
his head against the first stumbling-block, with 
the result of turning himself completely upside 
down, and asks everybody to see th 
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16* B. IV. July 9/81. 

those which dazzled hts eyes after sach a literary 
tour ds farce. To clear his vision I woald re- 
quest R. B.'s attention to the following quotation 
from Hugo's Btwick Collector^ Supplement, 1868, 

"(4045) 18. <A Curious Hieroglyphic Bibls'...1788, 
- ]8mo. pp. Ti, 128. With » large number of cuts, some 
of which are most admirable, and the work, no 
douht, of Thomas Bewick during his short residence in 
London. The frontiipiece and most of the animals— as 
the ' Flock' at p. 8, 'Sheep ' and 'Oxen,' 'Camels' and 
•Anes'at p. 13. 'Ass* at p. 80, 'Apes' and 'Peacocks' 
at p. 35— are excellent specimens of the Artist's skill ; 
and Sampson and the ' Thousand Men ' at p. 80, 
« Woman' and 'House' at p. 81, 'Children' at p. 32, 
* Horsemen 'at p. 60,'Men^at p. 62, and 'Doomsday' 
at p. 125, are hardly less beautifuL" 

" There is eTery reason to belieTS that Bewick, when 
in London, waS* chiefly employed by T. Hodgson. It is, 
at any rate, certain that several cutsengrsTed by Bewick 
appeared in a little work entitled 'A Carious Hiero- 
glyphic Bible,' printed by and for T. Hodgson, in George's 
Court, St. John's Lane, Clerkenwell. Chatto, in Jack- 
son's History of Wood Engranng, pp. 666, 666." (In the 
second edition, Bohn, 1866, the passage is on p. 478.) 

8o that Hugo distinctly expresses his admiration 
for the cuts which Ohatto says " it is certain " were 
engraved by Thomas Bewick ; and the latter else- 
where connects Palattno with Bewick thus :— 

" A curious book, of which an edition in quarto was 
printed at Bome in 1561, seems desenring of notice here, 
not on account of any merit in the woodcuts which it 
cbntains, but on account of the singularity of four of 
them which are given as a specimen of a 'Sonetto 
figurato,' in the manner of the cuts in a little work, en- 
titled ' A Curious Hieroglyphic Bible,' first printed in 
London, in duodecimo, about 1782. The Italian work 
in question was written by Messer Giovam Battista Pala- 
tine," &o. 

It is very likely that Bewick m^ have seen this 
book in the library of the Rer. John Brand, the 
Newcastle historian, to which the artist refers in 
his autobiography, mentioning his hayyig had 
access to its contents and deriving information 
therefrom. I submit that there is not a single 
point which R. R. can score, not even in his selec- 
tion from the cuts of Palatino, which he says are 
''rather rebuses than hieroglyphics," adding, by 
way of illustration, " thus, P (picture of eggs)= 
pegs, &c." ! The first line of the cut presented by 
Ohatto & Jackson as a fac-simile from Palatino 
has D (picture of eggs, Ital. ove [sing. m. ovo or 
fMwo, pi. f. vova\) = Dove, followed by a man 
sounding his own trumpet, for son, then GL' 
(picture of eyes, Ital. oceh%)=gli occhi (this, as 
Ohatto says, 'Ms an instance of hieroglyphic 
writing, the figure and the idea to be represented 
agree "), and so on. If, therefore. It be an imper- 
tinence to charge a writer with literary fraud, 
basing the charge upon such blunders as those 
upon which R. R has stumbled, I hope it will be 
considered that I have not gone beyond the fair 
linat of retaliation in calling my opponent's inter- 
ilMttnoe 1^ it! piopw aame. Of thii I now 1mt6 

the readers of '' N. & Q." to jadge, for I shall not 
recur to the subject. Alfrbd Wallis. 


I was in London a few days ago, and happening^ 
to call in at Walford Brothers', in the Strand, I 
saw a copy of this " clever " and " singular " book. 
I was not looking for it, but merely talking to my 
old friends about things in general, when all at 
once I became aware of its presence *' right under 
my nose." I endeavoured to keep calm, and I 
believe did not tremolo much, as with an air of 
unconcern I inquired the price. I examined the- 
precious volume. It appeared to be quite perfect 
and clean, neatly bound in half-calf, and the prico^ 
three half-crowns. R. R. 

Boston, Lincolnshire. 

A book with this title is among the publicationa 
of Milner & Sowerby, which are still apparently 
on sale, price one shilling. Ed. Marshall. 
[This discussion is now dosed.] 

DuNCiAD in. 151 (6«» S. iii. 6()8).— WQliam 
Popple was the author of several pieces in verse,, 
some of which were printed in R. Savage's Collec- 
tion of MitaUaneouM Poems, 8vo., 1726 ; and of 
two plays, Hie Lad^e Revenge, 1734, and Ths 
Double Deceit, 1736. He also wrote in some of 
the periodical papers, particularly in The Prompter,^ 
in which he was associated with Aaron Hill. 
Warburton, in his notes to the Dunciad, says, ii» 
relation to this line (which in the earliest editions, 

" H and T , glories of their race "), 

that in former editions it stood, 

" Haywood, Centlivre, glories of their race," 
but was subsequently changed into, 

" Lo P— p— le's brow tremendous to the town " ; 
and adds, ''P — le was the author of some vile- 
plays and pamphlets. He published abuses oi^ 
our author m a paper called the Prompter J* 

Mr. Popple held an appointment in the Oof- 
ferers' office ; in 1737 he was made Solicitor and 
Olerk of Reports to the Oommissioners for 
Trade and Plantations ; and in 1745 Governor of 
the Bermudas, an appointment he held many years 
(Baker's Biographia Dramatica). He published a 
translation of Horace's Art of Poetry in 1753, and 
died in 1764. Edward Solly. 

Sutton, Surrey. 

Roscoe, in his edition of Pope^i Works, gives 
the name of P— p— le in full. If W. 0. B. will 
look at voL iv. p. 229 of this edition^ he will find 
the following note to this line : "Popple was the 
author of some vile plays and pamphlets. He- 
published abuses on our author in a paper called 
the Prompter," 

It is worthy of notice that in the aeeond 
•dition of th« DimoiMl^the edition of 17a» 

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which has the amnsinfc frontispiece of the ass 
laden with works of Welstead, Ward, Dennis, 
Tihbaldy &c.— these lines do not occur. In refer- 
ence to the editor's note, I may add that this line 
is given as the 161st of the third book of the 
JOwieiad in the editions both of Warbarton and 
Boscoe. G. F. B. B. 

The line appears as I quote it in Pope's WorJctj 
1753, voL y. p. 136 ; and also in an edition, Glas- 
gow, Fonlis, 1768, toL iv. p. 117 ; but a note 
shows that " in the former edition " there was no 
reference to P — p— le. At what date was the 
new line introdaced ? The Globe edition, by Mr. 
Ward, 1870, prints the line in the same way, 
and in a note supplies the name Popple, " author 
cf some rile plays and pamphlets. He pub- 
lished abuses on our author in a paper called the 
TrompUr." I shall be glad to have any refer- 
ences to this Mr. Popple. W. 0. B. 

The quotation appears in the Works of Alex- 
andtr Pope^ Sc, by Joseph Warton, D.D., and 
others, in 9 vols., Lond., mdcccxxii., voL v. p. 192, 
L 141. A short notice of Popple app^rs in a 
note on p. 193. Gaorgb Whitb. 

"The Sciencb of Language" (6'"* S. i- 273, 
405 ; iii. 492).— I cannot undertake to set H. F. W. 
Tight on the various points he raises. I can only 
repeat that a form marp from map is contrary to 
the experience of the best writers on the subject. 
He should consult the books and see if it be not 
BO ; see Peile's Introduction to Latin and Greek 
Stymohgyj Gurtius's Greek Etymology, English 
translation, and the works of Fick and Vanicek. 
The " nasalization " of a root by the insertion of 
m orn before the last letter of the same is common 
in Aryan, but this proves nothing as to the inser- 
tion of r. In BO simple a case as irer-ofiai, tttc/dov, 
the wrong inference is drawn ; both are from the 
Aryan root pat, very common in many languages. 
Then, again, we are told that liquids are often in- 
serted, as in slumrh-tr, thun-d-er, ten-d-er ; but b 
and d are not liquids, and the phenomenon is quite 
different, and not to the point. For Map^plai the 
leference given is ** Ar. Ach. 702," i.e. the Achar- 
mans of Aristophanes ; PpoK^iv is in Hesychius. 
The etymology of promulgare from provulgare is 
no longer admitted ; it is better to give it up than 
to contradict known phonetic laws. I cannot 
notice all the points raised ; I will only notice one 
more. The reply to " What has become of the 
(Serman sinden f" is simple enough. It is merely 
from the root as, to be, and is represented in 
English by the word are, which is, one would have 
thought, sufficiently common. Other derivatives 
from the same root in English are eesenee^ am, art, 
w and iooth. Here are six examples at once of an 
Xogiiah root which has '^gone ana left not a wrack 
USad." Cblbb. I 


(C* S. iL 409; iii. 132, 188).--Mr. Picton main- 
tains that the word Deutseh is simply "earth- 
bom," and that the word Cymry is connected with 
Cimbri, the name of a race once dwelling in Jut- 
land, the import of the name being '*the first 
place of existence or country." On both these 
points your correspondent differs from the best 
modem authorities, as will be seen from the fol- 
lowing extracts. 
L D«ttt#c^=" popularis." 

1. "Deuttch, lit. belonging to the people; M.H.G». 
diut-i8k...,Tlie base diut if cognate with Gotb. ihiuda,, 
A.-S. pe6df a people, nation."— Skeat'c JStyvi. Diet., 5.v. 

2. *'The designation DeuUeh is not of very long 
standing, nor has the word always been a real proper 
name for a distinct people or tribe. In Bishop Ulftlae'e 
Oothlo version of the Bible we find the adverb thiuditko 
(lOvuc&c), Gal. ii. 14, which is clearly a derivatife from 
thiuda (c0vof ), meaning primarily * t^ter the manner of 
the people/ German writers of the earlier centuries, 
were therefore as fully justified in calling tbeir own 
language diuiite, or in a Latinised form thetulitcut, t^- 
tuctw, that is, their 'popular' or Temaoular langaaee^. 
as were those medisBTal Latin writers of all nations who 
distinguished their national languages by the name of 
lingua vulgaris from Latin, the only literary language 
fully acknowledged in their time. It was not until the- 
tenth century that another Latinized form, frequently 
used in later times, Tiz., tsutonteus, began to be used 
instead of the older iheotiseus."—?rof. JB. Sierers in 
Eneyc, Brit, ninth edit., s.v, "Germany," pt. iii., 

8. '*The High German possesses the same word 
Uhiuda) as diot, people, dtutisc, 'popnlaris'; hence 
heutsck, German, and deutefi, to explain, lit. to Ger- 
manize."— Max Miiller, Led, Science of Language, ii. 
230. sixth edit, 1871. 

4. " Die ursprtingliche Bedeutung dee Wortes (DeuUch), 
ist der .Abstammung gemilsB : dem * Yolk ' eigen, Yolks- 
miissig, national, und wenn das goth. Adv. piuditid s 
heidnisch Torkommt, so steht altd. diutise, altsilchf. 
thiudite Ton dem was unserm Yaterland angehort, also- 
'Deutschem' tiberhanpt, bei Notker im besondent 
diutiscd Ton unsrer Sprache als der Volkssprache gegen- 
iiber der in der Eirche (und bei den Gelehrten) ge^ 
branchten lateinischen." — Weigand, DeuUchM Wth,,. 
1877,i.i». "Deuteoh." 

II. Oymry=" conterranei." 

1. ''In compositione 1, infectss sire assimilatso post 
nasalem mediss exemplum cambiicum notissimnm est. 
nomen Cambrorum ipsum quod in codiee Leg. scribitur 
Jumro, htmry (Camber, Cambri), plur. cymry, kymry in 
Lib. Land., p. 113. Hodiemss formss: Cymro, plur. 
Cymry, unde Cymreiff (cambricus), Cymraeg (lingua, 
cambrica), Cymru (Cambria). Est compositum e prss^. 
ca«, juncta eyn- (con-), «t subet hro (terra^in^), sigm- 
ficatque in sensum adjectiTi Tcrsum * conterraneum/ 
eandem terram habitantem^ indigenam. Yetustissima 
forma (qnam audissent Bomani, nisi hoc nomen ortam 
esset post invasionem Saxonum) foret Comibroges, eni 
oppositum est significatione vetustum nomen gallioum. 
Allobroges, i.e. i3ienai terrss inoolss."— Zeuss, Oram- 
matica Cettiea, p. 207 (ed. Ebel, 1871). 
In a foot-note (p. 207) Owen's etymology i» 
thus disposed of : — 

<'Evoot«yii(primai,pnBtminens; =>iyiil,Sniiiperlat^ 

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«A 8. IV. JOLT 9, '81. 

■ Aynto/) si eompoiitam estet nomen CtfwrOt ut putat 
Owenuf, ioTeniretar destitutio mediaB, non iniectio 

DMnliB. ' 

2. '* No Cymry before the Engliih conquest. Tbeir Tery 
Dftine a proof of their expaliion fh>in diren parte of 
Britain— co«terranei— people who come to .the same 
land, an(| there form a new people. Cymry a poet- 
Boman word. The word Comhrogu indicatei the rally 
«f the BritoniweBt of the Severn againit the oonqaerin{c 
£nglis)i, as a general camp of refuge from all qaartera." 
—See Lord Strangford't Philological Papen, pp. 164 
«nd 187. 

In Mr. Picton's reply (ante, p. 189) there are 
'Cited some carious etymologies which should not 
pass without protest. Welsh tud, a nation, is cer- 
tainly not to be equated with the Homeric rrjOvs 
(see Curtius, Nos. 247 and 307), nor should Titan 
be referred to the same root (see Fick, iu 105). 
The Titans in tbeir first estate were heavenly 
beings— Oupavtojves {IL, ▼. 898). Nor is Tuiseo 
from the same root tu, nor does the name mean 
** earth-born." Grimm and Zeuss and Max Miiller 
Agree in connecting the Tuiseo of Tacitus with the 
A.-S. Tiwy a form of the Sanskrit Dyaus, the sky 
(see Max Miiller, 8c. of Lang.^ ii. 600). 

It may be as well to point out that O.N. Vershr 
does not mean " inhabitants," nor ThpiSverfhr " the 
people of the land," nor Rdmversicr *'tbe inhabitants 
of Rome." Thpiiver$hr is an adj. sing., a corrupt 
form of O.N. Thpe$hr=sO.E.Q. Diutuky DettUch, 
Bdmverskr, adj., means " Roman," " inhabitants of 
Rome" being in Icelandic Rdmverjar. In Matt. 
iv. 16 ikeoda folc cannot possibly mean "people 
of the country," as Mr. Picton imagines, theoda 
being a gen. pi. The phrase can only be translated 
"people of the nations" i.e., the (Jentiles (see 
Earle'^B Accidence). A. L. Mathew. 


"Bramino" (6^ S. iii. 449 ; iv. 16).— This word 
"was apparently formed to rhyme with flaming 
from the old word breme, " chill, sharp, bitter," as 
it is explained in the gloss to Spenser's Shepherd's 
-Calendar, "Februarie," 43, and " December," 148, 
in both passages being an epithet of winter. It is 
Also applied to November in the Fairy Queen, 
Til 7, 40 :— 

"And yet the season was full sharp and brum." 
In Fairy Queen, bk. iii. 2, 62, there is the form 
hrame, said by the annotators to be altered for 
the sake of the rhyme from hreem or bnme, and 
this was probably the source of 6ramtn^ in the hymn 
-quoted. Brame and hraming are not in the 
dictionaries, but hrems is in Halliwell and Strat- 
mann, with numerous references to early Enj^lish 
writings, and is also in Richardson, whose latest 
reference (also quoted by Nares previously) is to 
Drayton's Polyolbion, s. 10, p. 169, ed. 1622, 
"the breem freezing air." H. Coleridge, Thir- 
Uenth Century Qhssary, has " &rem« =gIorious, 
renowned," and also=: eager, lustful ; Stratmann, 
'^brnne, A.-S. brime^hvidt aharj^ keen, fierce"; 

Tyrwhitt, Glossary to Chaucer, "ftr«me= furious"; 
Nares, under brim, same as &rMiu!=severe, horrid, 
fierce ; and under &rfmfM=public, universally 
known. If we go back to A.-S. there appear t* 
be two verbs, breman, to celebrate, make famous ; 
and bremman, to rage, roar, /rem«r« ; and while 
the A-S. adjective brem, brenu, brym, means 
renowned, famous, in the passages quoted by Bos- 
worth and Grein, and elsewhere, e.g., Beowulf, 18, 
the Middle English passages quoted by Stratmann 
are explained by him as above, " loud, sharp," and 
those by Halliwell as^fierce, furious, vigorous* 
The key to these divers meanings is to be found 
in the origin of the word as given by Leo, quoted in 
E. Mueller's EtymologisiJus Wbrterbueh, Coethen, 
1866, under breme, " aus be uod hrfime, wz. skr. ^r&m. 
vocare," whence, too, our scream, from A.-S. hry* 
man. See Wedgwood also under to brim 
for the primary meaning of this word as a ct^ of 
an animal. The first notion is of a cry or noise ; 
hence noised abroad, famous ; and as those who 
became famous in early days are the warlike, the 
word carries with it the notion of a man being 
vigorous, active, even fierce or furious. The war- 
cry is loud ; the war-stroke is sharp, keen. Hence 
in both senses it is a fitting epithet for winter, 
" Blow, blow, thou winter wind "; loud it is and 
cold withaL Thus " braming winter " is a well- 
descended though a modern-minted variation of 
a very old word. 

Jamieson, in his Scottish Dictionary, traces ^riiii, 
bryme, breme, to the Icelandic brim, the surf, 
" ^stus maris vehementibus procellis littus ver- 
berans," hence fierce, violent ; stern, rugged, as 
applied to the countenance ; denoting a great 
d^ee of heat or cold, thus a brim frost is still a 
common term for a severe frost in the north of 
Scothmd. W. E. Bucelbt. 

Braming would seem to be a participle manu- 
factured on a false analogy, and intended to mean 
'* blustering." Bram^ occurs in Spenser's Faerie 
Queene, iii. 2, 62, 4, 

'* That, through long languonr and hart-burning ftrame." 
where it rhymes to " cruell flame." It has been 
taken by some to be a substantive, though more 
probably Spenser merely used the adjective breme^ 
" bitter or furious," changing the spelling for the 
rhyme's sake. Cf. note in Collier's edition, 1873. 
Halliwell, sub voce, gives " vexation, Spenser," evi- 
dently referring to this passage. Breme is common 
in old English ; cf. bremes eyninges, of the "glorious'' 
king, A,-S, Chronicle, sub anno 973; also 
Ormulum, i. p. 249, 1. 7197, of Herod, see breme 
in glossary ; also Chaucer, KnighVs Tale, 841, 
meaning *' furious." Instances are numerous in 
the glossaries. I think the passage in Spenser 
must be the origin of the word in the hymn. 

O. W. Tanoogk. 


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tl«S.lV.JULT», '81.J 



" A PBW BROTH " (6«» S. iii. 286, 464, 497, 511). 
— In BpeakiDg of the derivation of broth, I only 
alluded to the G. gebrdade by way of illustration ; 
I did not mean that that G. word is the exact 
cquiralent of our broth, but only that it is formed 
from the same Teutonic verb. But we also find 
O. gebrdu, meaning (1) brewing ; (2) what is 
brewed, which comes somewhat nearer in sense ; 
also brvhe, sauce, broth, derived from M.H.G. 
hriim, the weak verb attendant upon O.H.G. 
priiwen. The exact G. equivalent of E. broth is 
obsolete, viz., O.H.G. prot, which is formed from 
the O.H.G. muwen (strong verb), just as broth is 
from A.-S. oredioan. I do not for a moment 
admit that the A.-S. bredwan had origiually the 
whole force of the modem English brew ; it merely 
meant to concoct or boil, just aa when, at the 
present day, we talk of braving a cup of tea. 
There is a curious analogy to broOi, as regards the 
form of the word, in the Latin defrutumy must 
boiled down, derived from the same root as E. 
brew and Lat. fcTuer€» The word broth is also 
found in Icelandic, but the strong verb from 
which it is derived is lost, all but the pp. bruggxnn, 
which suffices to show that it once existed. 

Walter W. Skeat. 


Will A. J. M. inform an astonished daughter of 
the County Palatine in what sense she is to under- 
stand his allusion to "that modern creature, 
I^ncashire ? " Is it of a later geological formation 
than Yorkshire and Cumberland, or has it been 
in political and geographical existence for a 

shorter time I Master John Speed does not 
appear to understand the novelty of this *' modem 
creature," for he informs me that the celebrated 
Arthur wrought diyers exploits in this province, 
and that it was the last subdued under the rule of 
the West-Saxons. Hsrhbmtrudb. 

" May I help you to a few broth 1 " is a common 
enough saying in Scotland, and the soup-ladle is 
called the '' divider." There is a story told about 
her most gracious Majesty going into a poor 
woman's cottage, and seeing a pot on the fire she 
inquired what was in it. '' Go, it's jist kail," saya 
she. "There's neeps intilt, an' carrots intilt, an' 
kail intilt, an' barley intilt," &c. Said the Queen, 
not recognizing the word intilt, **But what's 
* intilt']" "There's neeps intilt, an' carrots 
intilt, an' kail intilt, an' barley intilt," &c. " But 
what's Hntilt*^* said Her Majesty. " Amny I 
tellin' ye ? There 's neeps intilt, an' carrots intilt, 
an' kail intilt," and so on, not understanding that 
her visitor wished to know the meaning of the 
word itself. Se non h vero h ben trovato. 

The word "snawbree" is always used to de- 
scribe the melted snow water coming down a river, 
which is supposed to have much less oxygen in it 
than rain or spring water, and till the snawbree 
is gone the fish will not run up. J. R. H. 

Nicholas Saunderson, M.A., LL.D. (6*^ S. i. 
176, 240). — The tabular pedigree which I append 
shows the present representatives of the famous 
blind Professor of Mathematics, of whom further 
particulars would be thankfully received. 

Harthall Allen, Esq., of Marketss Abigail, d. and b. of Nicholas Saun- 
Harborou&b, co. Leicester. I dereon, Esq., M.A., LL.D., F.R.S. 

CSharles Allen, Esq., of Market Harboroagh=sAnne, mar. her first cousin. John Allen, ob. inf. 

1. Chas. Alien, Esq./ 
of Earl Shilton, co. 
lieieeBter, and Long 
Back by, co. liorth- 

cEdifch Eliz. Hanwell, 
eldest d. and coh. of 
Geo. Freeman, of 
Long Buck by, Esq., 

2. Gapt. Geo. Allen. B.N. 

3. MarBhall Allen, ILN. 

4. James Allen. 

5. Capt. Saunderson A. 

1. Anne Cath., 
wife of John 
Davenport, of 
Market Harb., 

Ill II 

2. Harriett. 5. Marianne, 
8. Jane. wife of Oapt. 
4. Martha. BrvdgeB. 

6. Lucy, wife 
of ... Ayton. 

, J i.i U I i 

1. Lomsa Clara. 

2. Marianne Freeman. 

3. Harriett Jane. 

4. Caroline Julia Eliaa. 
6. Lacy Maria. 

6. Eleanor Catherine. 

7. Matilda Martha. 

1. Oeo. Chas. 
Allen, Esq., 
LL.D., of Bm. 
Coll., Camb., 
barr. • at - Uw, 
mar. Qeorgina 
Flora, dau. of 

Eilsby, Bagby. 

Hair dressed on Lead (6** S. iii. 426).— My 
inend J. T. F. may, perhaps, like to be reminded 
that the great and good John Graham of Claver- 
iioaaey Viscount Dundee, who was killed at the 

2. John Han- 3. Saunder- 4. Robert Marthall Allen, of 

well Allen, of son Allen, Wetbom Hall, Grantham, E«q., 

Kilsby, 00. of London, M.D., Surgeon- MMJor 8rd Reg. 

Northants, Esq., mar. Dragoon Guards, mar. firttt 

Esq., mar. Bhoda, d. dau. of Gibbs, secondly 

Dinah, d. of of Caroline, d. of Tajh.r, of 

John Payne, Gibbs. London, E^q, M.D.; served in 

of Widmer- the field during the Kaffir War, 

pool, Gent. 1846-7 (medal). 


5. Frederick 
Allen, E-iq.y 
M.D., C.B., 
6 ntcal 


battle of Killiecrankie, is said to hare worn his 
long hair "in leads when in undress." I take 
the statement from Robert Chamber^j's Hintorg of 
the Bebdlioni in Scotland under th$ ViscourU 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [•*fi.iv.jinT»,'8L 

Dundee and the Earl of Mar. 12ino., Edinburgh, 
1829, p. 22. In a note at the end of the volame 
the author says : — 

** I derire the cirenmstaiice about hif ringleti from a 
Teeent topographical publication connected with the 
north of Scotland, of which I hare forgot the title, but 
where I remember it waa mentioned ae a fact taken 
from tradition at only two remores of eTidence." 

This Ib certainly a loose way of citing an authority. 
I think, however, the tradition may well be true, 
for there is eyidence, though I am not at the 
present moment in a position to quote it, that 
persons who in former days wore their own long 
hair — not wigs— were in the habit of using lead 
for the purpose mentioned by J. T. F. 

Edward Pjhacock. 
Bottesford Manor, Brigg. 

More than half a century ago, when curls were 
in fashion, the same plan as described by your 
correspondent was in general use by young ladies 
in the north of England. So general was the 
custom and so great the demand for ''leads,** 
that the plumbers found it worth their while to 
make long strips of lead for sale expressly for 
that purpose. H. E. Wilkinson. 

Anerley, S.E. 

I remember in my youth old ladies using strips 
of the thin lead foil coated with paper, wherewith 
the cases in which tea is imported are lined, for 
the purpose of fixing the curls of their false fronts, 
and Keeping them smooth when not in actual use. 

E. McO-. 

Mr. Swynfen Jervis, of Meaford^ co. Stafford, 
had two sons and three daughters. The younger 
son, John, became Earl St. Vincent, and the 
youngest daughter, Maiy, his darliiig cbild, 
married W. H. Ricketts, Esq. In her diildhood 
some leaden bands were missed from one of the 
casements; it was suspected that she. who had 
always been rery fond of drawing, had taken 
them, and she was accused of falsehood when she 
positiyely denied it. 

A seryant of a friend who was yisiting at the 
house had stolen them to curl his hair, which, 
being at length discovered, Mr. Swynfen Jervis 
iras miserable at having suspected her, took her 
on his knee, and asked her piurdon. Thus. 

" Strbtch-leo*' foe Death (6* S. iii. 408). — 
This is certainly a very quaint term, and well 
worth preserving. Its meaning, as applied to a 
corpse, is too obvious to need explanation. I 
know of no other English instances, but would 
compare Homer's raio^A-cyeos Oavdroio {Od. xi. 
398), and the "in portam rigidos calces extendit" 
of Persius, Sal iii. 105, as classical illustrations of 
the same idea. 0. S. Jsbrau. 

found in paper, leather, and parchment. The 
larva of AaU>8ea pinguinaiie (so called from its 
feeding on butter and lard) will establish itself 
upon the binding of a book, and spinning a robe 
will do it no little injury ;* so does also a minute 
beetle of the DBimily of Scolytidae {Hypothenemue 
eruditusj^ Westw.), which Mr. Westwood found 
burrowing in considerable numbers in the same 

A mite {Ckeyletue erudUue) eats the paste that 
fastens the paper over the edges of the binding, 
and so loosens it. t The caterpOlar of another moth, 
the species of which ia not ascertained, takes ita 
station in damp old books, between the leaves, and 
there commits great ravages. The little wood-boring 
beetle (Anobiumperiinax and striatum) also attacks 
books, and will even bore through several volumes. 
M. Peignot mentions an instance where, in a 
library but little freouented, twe/niy-ewtn folio 
volumes were perforated in a straight line hj the 
same insect, in such a manner that, on passmg a 
string through the perfectly round hole made by 
it, these twenty-seven volumes could be raised at 
once.§ William Platt. 

115, PiocadiUy. 

Also called silver worm and fish moth — ^last 
name given because it has a head like a fish, and 
destroys certain fabrics like a moth. It is an 
apterous insect, of the genus Lepisma, and is in 
certain districts most destructive to books and 
papers of all kinds ; it will destroy all the paper 
on the waUs, and eat in holes muslin curtains and 
cotton dresses. This little pest is especially vora- 
cious in parts of South Africa. It has an objection 
to cayenne pepper, but Lb not injured by insecti- 
cide powders. Llewellyn E. Trahbrnb. 

Junior United Serrice Club. 

The Rule op the Road (6*>» S. iiL 468).— The 
difference between the rule of the road in Eng- 
land and the custom in America and on the con- 
tinent of Europe is not difficult to account for. 
It arises from the different mode of driving the 
wains and heavy traffic. Abroad, the nsaaifr 
method is to drive with reins, in which case it is 
as easy to pass on one side as the other, and the 
ordinary preference of the right hand naturally 
impels to the right. In England the waggoner or 
carman usually walks beside his team : — 
'< He, formed to bear 
The pelting brant of the tempettuoas night. 
With half-shut eyes and puckered cheeks and teeth 
Presented btre againit the storm, plods on. 
One hand lecaret his hat, save when with both 
He brandishes his pliant length of whip, 
Besounding oft and never heard in vain," 

The waggoner naturally walks on the left side of 



(6* S. 


426).— Various 
(ooinoomw are 

jReaam, iii 270. 
Tram. JSnt. Boo., Lond., i. 84. 
Schraok, J?»«M. /fu. AuHr., 518, 1058. 
Hone's Mrod^ 1o BibUography, I 811. 

Digitized by 


6fk & IT. Jolt 9, "SI.] 



hiB team, that he may be at liberty to use his 
right hand. Hence the terms '* near side " and 
"^off side'' of a horse. Now to a man in this 
position, meeting another vehicle and passmg on 
the right or off side would be dangerous, as he 
would be liable to be ground between the two 
wheels. Hence for safety's sake each driver in 
meeting naturally draws his horse to the near side. 
In driymg with reins this is immaterial. There 
are few customs which cannot find a reason for 
their existence if we will only endeavour to seek 

iL J. A. PiGTON. 

Sandjknowe, Wavertree. 

It may be worth noting a propoi of this, that 
the rule is not universu on the continent of 
Europe. I often observed in walking through the 
Tarious provinces of Austria, notice Mards put up 
«t the boundaiy of a district statmg what rule 
was to be followed in that district. I unluckily 
have no note, but fancy the directions ran, ** In 
Salzburg [e.g,} wird links ausgewixhen und rechts 
iibeigefahren." J. Powbr Hicks. 

"Ttooko" (6* S. iL 386 ; iiL 33, 236, 375, 
437, 497 ; iv. 17).— Now I see how it is St. 
SwiTHiN and I did not understand each other. 
It appears I gave instances of the use of throng as 
a verb, an adjective, and as a substantive, but I 
omitted to give an instance of its use '^ as a sub- 
stantive signifying business of a pressing nature.'' 
Only think of my stupidity ! 

I fail to see the force of St. Swithin's reason- 
ing. He thinks ihroTig — or, as he prefers to put it, 
■t^\rtOf fi, ^, to make it easier tot my compre- 
liension — cannot be used here '^ as a substantive 
signifying business of a pressing nature"; first, 
hMause it if so used at Whitby ; secondly, be- 
4sanse Mr. Pxaoook has not given it in that sense 
hi his Glossary of Lincolnshire words; thirdly, 
because he knows Kesteven himself and does not 
ftmember to have heard it there. 

To which I reply,— First, I do not think they 
have a patent or royal charter for the exclusive 
use of the word at Whitby ; secondly, that 
although Mb. Peacock's book is one of the very 
best of its kind, yet, as was to be expected, he 
has &iled to note some words ; thirdljr, it is very 
probable that many words are used m Kesteven 
which St. Swithin is not acquainted with. Why 
should he know all the words in a district any 
more than Mb. Peacock, who was collecting 
ihem for nearly twenty years, and yet has not 
rnoted themalll 

Unlettered men, whose vocabulary is limited, 
;know nothing of fine distinctions, and very little 
of ordinarv ones, between verbs, substantives^ &c. 
The mistake is, that a person accustomed chiefly 
to mix with those who speak correctly hears a 
novel word, or a word used in a novel sense, and 
-daws wrong conclusions from it. B. B. 

This word is used as an adjective in western 
Pennsylvania to convey the idea that a person has 
been uncomfortably pressed by work. 



'* OkLT •'=" HAD it not BEEN " (6"» S. ill 328). 
••-'Only in this sense is used constantly, if not 
invariably, in Ireland. I have heard it so used 
also in many parts of England besides Lancashire. 


The use of the word only in the sense of except 
has prevailed in this country for some years. This 
corruption comes to us from New England, as 
does most instead of atmott. Bab-Poikt. 


Scriptural Dramas produced ok thb 
American Stage (6*** S. iiL 408).— 2^ Deluge, 

E reduced at Niblo's Garden Theatre by the Eiralfy 
rothers, was a tawdry spectacular play of the 
usual ballet-and-procession type. I think it^as 
a cheap translation of the French play which 
Thackeray handles rather roughly somewhere ia 
the Parii Sketchbook. The Samton acted by Mr. 
Charles Pope was a blank-verse tragedy, written 
by Mr. W. D. Howells, formerlv editor of the 
AUantte Monthly, and based on the Italian play 
of the same title acted by Signor SalvinL 

J. Braedbr Matthews. 
Btnyreaaat Square, N.T. 

Robert Humtinqdoit, D.D., Bishop of Bap- 
hoe {i&^ S. iii. 409).— He was of Merton College. 
The place of his birth can be learnt from the 
matriculation book of the college. I spell the 
name as Wood does, Ath. et Fast, Ox. 

Ed. Marshall. 

"Holpbh" (e^ S. iiL 409).— Cuthbbrt Bedb 
may like to see the following remarks, which 
exaotly fit in with those that he himself makes 
in his query, upon the retention of old words by 
the country folk ; — 

'.' It is, we know, among the oommon people that the 
langQsge of eyery nation is belt preserred. The learned^ 
that underetand other tongues, and such aa con?6ne 
with foreigner!, are apt to take in the words of other 
languages, and mix them with their own, and so, by 
degrees, lay aside some of their own, for such as they 
have borrowed from other countries. But it is not so 
with the plain country people. They know no other 
but their own mother tongue ; and udng that only upon 
all occasions, they still keep up the words and phrasee 
that are proper to it, as they receired them from their 
forefathers ; and shall tell you tiie meaning of them, 
better than they that are more learned." — Bishop Beve> 
ridge, A Defence of the Book of Pealmt hy Thowioi 
Stemhold, John Hopkins, and Others, pp. 49, 50, Lond.» 


Ed. Marshall. 

I haye heard an Africander of Dutch extraction 
use holpm for " helped." In the negro-English 

attributed to " Uncle Eemus " in son 

• . Digitized by 





lately puhlished by George Routledge A Sons, 
and called by bis Dame, we bave hope as an imper- 
fect, e.g, (p. 95), *^Brer B*ar be bopo Miss 
Me:idow8 bring de wood, Brer Fox be men' de 
fier," &c. St. Swithiic. 

*'Coif8BBVATiTB''(6*'» S. liL 426).— Occasion- 
ally used in its literal sense by tbe elder writers, 
ibis word bad become obsolete, wben it was re- 
vived and first applied to a political party by 
Jobn Wilson Croker, wbo, in an article on internal 
policy, publisbed in tbe Quarterly ReviiWf 
vol. xlii. No. 83, p. 276, for January, 1830, de- 
clared : — 

"We deppise and abominate ibe details of partisan 
warfare ; bat we now are, as we always have been, de- 
cidedly and consoientiously attaebed to what is called 
tbe Tory, and whieb miKht with more propriety be 
called the ConserratiTe, party." 

William Platt. 

116, PiccadUly. 

Chinbse Libraries (6^ S. iiL 467). — Me. 
Holt's note induces me to think that it is worthy of 
mention that Mr. Spurr, of West Coker, Somerset, 
possesses a most valuable manuscript in Singhalese 
characters, closely inscribed on both sides of 129 
stout palm-leaf pages, each measuring 14 in. by 
Sin. He received it from tbe Rev. Mr. Edmund- 
son, M.A., wbo died in 1841, and wbo bad been a 
personal friend of John Wesley, wbo died in 1791. 
Some of Mr. Edmundson's sermons were translated 
into Tamil and circulated in India. 

Mr. Spurr is anxious that some scholar wbo 
can rend Singhalese should examine bis precious 
MS. It is possible that tbougb tbe characters 
are Singhalese tbe language itself is Pali or Elu. 
The existence of precious possessions which are 
in private hands should be made known to tbe 
learned world if any subject is to be studied 
exhaustively and systematically. Perhaps this 
remark applies with especial force in the case of 
autograph letters and other documents written by 
men eminent in any way. E. S. Dodgson. 

Pitney House, YeoriL 

BoucuiER OF Barnslet (6** S. iil 489).— Is it 
not a mistake to spell tbe name of the JSarls of 
Essex as Boucbier ? Tbe (almost universal) medi- 
seval spelling is Bourgbcbier. If we omit tbe gh, 
surely we should at least retain tbe r. 


Pickering's Diamond Horace (6"» S. iii. 248). 
— In Bernard Quaritch's General Catalogne (1874) 
a large-paper copy of this edition, bound in 
morocco, is offered for 36a G. F. E. B. 


ilL 430). — Seventy or eighty years ago tbe bouse 
iras occupied by the Dowager Countess Conyng- 
liam, who was sooceeded, about 1810, by Mr. J. 

Norris (a connexion of tbe lately deceased earl), 
Mrs. Norris was a Douglas, wbo did not like tbe 
sound of tbe usual name Hitchenden, and encou- 
raged the use of tbe alternative and equally ancient 
name Hu^benden. A few years ago I saw an old 
waggon in Wyoomb Street bearing the name 
Hitchenden, but since tbe enclosure of that part 
of Wycomb Heath tbe tradition of Hitchenden 
scarcely exists, save in the minds of old residents. 

M. R. B. 

This name, in Keith Johnston, is printed Hit- 
chenden or Hughendon. In Lipscomb's Bitt. of Buck' 
inghamshire it is variously written "HughendeUy 
Hugenden, Hitchenden, or Hucbedene." Hugben- 
den looks as if derived from an early possessor 
(Hugh) ; and Hitchenden from another possessor 
(Hitch). I am inclined to think, however, that the 
place had its name from a brook in tbe parish 
(perhaps formerly called the Hitch), which now 
falls, or formerly fell, into the Wye, and den^ a 
low4vin|^ place. Hitcbam, or Mucham is the 
appellation of another place in the same county. 
In 1289 the name is found written Hucbam ; and 
in 1391 the name of its manor is written Hycham. 
We have Hitcbam in Suffolk ; Hitchin in Herts ; 
ItcbiD6eld and Itchenon in Sussex ; Itchington, 
CO. Gloucester ; two Itchingtons in Warwick- 
shire ; and Itchin-Abbots and Itcbin-Stoke, oo» 
Hants ; and there are two rivers Itchen in War- 
wickshire. B. S. Charnoce. 

" Members op Parliament," Part II. (6** S* 
iv. 6).— Tewars is unfortunate in having an im- 
perfect and incorrectly '* gathered" copy of this 
return. On examination of mine I find that the 
pagination (1-691) and the signatures (A— 4T)' 
are consecutive. The return was ordered to be 
printed March 1, 1878. In the Forty -first Repori 
of the Deputy-Keeper of the Public Records, dated 
July 13, 1880, will be found a reference to this 
publication, in which that gentleman states. 
"These returns are not yet complete, and will 
occupy considerable time, as an index to them is^ 
also being compiled '' (p. vii). 

J. Inole Dredge. 

Tewars has evidently obtained an imperfect 
copy of this interesting return. My copy con-^ 
tains all the missing pages in regular order. 

W. D. PlHK. 

Leigh, Lancashire. 

Ancient KalendaHs (6* S. iv. 7). — The 
capital S prefixed to seventy-seven minor festivals 
in the Leofric Missal no doubt is intended to indi- 
cate that they were Festa Simplicia ; the capital 
F would mark the days that were emphatically 
festival days, tbe Festa Duplicia. The minute clas- 
sification of festivals under various heads, such 
as semi duplex, principale duplex, majus duplex,. 
&o.y is not fbnna igjg^^^lier calendars. A. 

€* 8. ly. July 9, 'SL) 



twelfth century MS. of the York MiBsal only 
lecogDizes two classes of festivals, Duplicia and 
Simplicia; the minute subdivision which after- 
wards IB found in calendars had not at that date 
come into use. Johnson Bailt. 

Pallion Yicange. 

No doubt S attached to names of minor saints 
means Simplex Festum. J. G. J. 

TowNSEND Family (6** S. iii. 507).--My old 
friend the Rev. Charles Townsend, Rector of 
Kingston, near Shoreham, one of the last of " the 
Holland House set," and once the friend of Sir 
Walter Scott, Stewart* Rose, and Samuel Rogers, 
told me that he was " the son of a merchant in 
liondon, and that his family had long been con- 
nected by ties of property with Calne, in Wilts." 
He was always very reticent about himself and his 
kith and kin, but so much I was able to extract 
from him, and I placed it on record in the edition 
of Mm of the Time which I brought out in 1862. 
Through no fault of mine, his name was omitted 
from subsequent editions. Mr. Townsend was 
the author of Wineheeter^ and other PoemSf which 
was privately printed, and has often fetched a 
guinea at sales. He died in 1870, beloved and 
legretted by all who knew him. I hope these 
memoranda in " N. & Q." will serve to keep his 
name alive, and also dovetail in with the informa- 
tion gained by Mr. R. S. Boddinoton from other 
•oarces. £. Walford, M.A. 

Hampstead, N.W. 

Javbb Hoolvt, of Woodthorpb (6* S. iii. 
469). — It may possiblv be worth while to remind 
Mr. Earwaker that the arms recorded for Hooley 
of Woodthorpe, in the last edition of Burke's 
Otnercd Armory (1878), bear a close resemblance 
to thoee of Hoole of Edgefield, Yorkshire, and a 
more distant resemblance to those of Hoole of 
Sheffield. Nomad. 

** DuRANCfE vile" (6«» S. vi. 87 ; x. 288, 317). 
— ^An earlier instance of this phrase than has yet 
been given occurs in Somervilie's Fables : — 
" In durance vile detained and loet, 
And all his mighty projects orcwsed." 

The Fitrtune SwUery eanto iii. 
G. F. S. E. 

Slopivo Church Floors (6^ S. iii. 228, 392, 
417, 477). — Many years ago I noticed the same 
arrangement in the curious old church of Llan- 
badam Fawr (once a cathedral), near Aberystwyth ; 
bat I believe it was altered in a subsequent re- 
atozation. T. W, Wkbb. 

The floor of the central nave of Chartres Cathe- 
dral follows the shape of the hill so exactly as to 
have not even a level transverse line, but to throw 
aQ drainage to one west comer. All other parts, 
Indading the nave aislee, aie paved level, and 

these are a low step above the nave at its eastern- 
most bay, the steps increasing as ttie nave drops, 
till, at the west end, there are three high steps to 
one aisle and four to the other. There are crypts 
excavated under all the aisles, but the nave ia 
solid ground. E. L. G. 

The interesting old church of Standon, Herts, 
has a sloping chancel floor. The effect is most 
pleasing. The chancel is approached by a flight 
of eight steps, then the floor rises somewhat 
rapidly (roughly speaking, half an inch to the 
foot), and lastly the altar is reached by a flight of 
five steps. The church is built on the slope of a 
hiU, which accounts for the peculiarity. 

Mbllier Gosselik. 

Blakesware, Ware« Herts. 

The pretty church of Saundersfoot, near Tenby, 
slopes considerably ; it is built on the side of a. 
hilL T. 0. G. 

Deaths on or Associated with the Stagb. 
(6«> S. xi. 121, 181, 241, 292 ; xii. 197, 478).— 
Charles Parker Hillier, known on the stage a» 
Charles Harcourt, fell down the scene dock at the 
Hay market Theatre during a rehearsal on Oct. 18, 
1880, and died from the effects at the Charing 
Cross Hospital on the 27th of the same month. 
Etkrard Home Colkicak. 

71, Brecknock Road. 

Bishop Beilbt Porteus (6* S. xii. 164, 209,. 
255, 296, 373, 515).— An edition of this writer's 
Summary of the Principal Evidences for ^ Truth 
and Divine Origin of the Christian Revelation^ 
not mentioned by any of your correspondents, was. 
published by Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh, in 1859. 

P. J. MaLLIN. 

Bennington Bead, Leith. 

When were Trousers first worm in Eng- 
land ? (6«> S. xii. 366, 405, 434, 446, 514 ; Q^ B. 
i. 26, 45, 446, 505, 525; ii. 19, 68, 94).— The^ 
following extract, if not previously inserted, may 
be interesting to readers of "N. & Q." Lord 
Teign mouth, in his Reminiscences of Many Years^ 
voL i. p. 66, speaking of the late Prof. Smyth, of 
Cambridge, under the heading " 1813-16," says : 

" Even when in the busy metropolis, at the height of 
the seaion, when a welcome ffuest at HoilHDti or at 
Lansdowne Houie, a Whig of the Old School, the Pro- 
fessor retained hii academical costume of short breeches, 
cotton stockinttB and shoes. Had he been a member of 
St John*B instead of Peter House, he would doubtlesa 
hHve consented to that itubbom resistance to the inno- 
vation of trousers, which drew forth the announcement, 
thnt i^t. John's was going to ruin, inasmuch as the 
MMsteri and Seniors had contracted the loose habits of 
UTidergraduaiss.** ^ 


Stretham Rectory, Ely. 

"Mum" (6** S. iii. 347, 496).— A reference to- 
the AO. Pari. SeoU gives the result that there. 


NOTES AND QUERIES. i«»8.iv.joit9,ii; 

were Acts passed relating to this mystic beverage 
from 1663, c. 13, '*To oDcoara^e home mana- 
&ctareB, foreign mam not to be imported/' down 
to 1696, c. 2, "Additional excise kid on mum." 


FONBRAL Armour in Ohxtrchks (6** S. ix. 
429 ; X. 11, 73, 129, 162, 199, 276, 317 ; xL 73, 
178, 252, 375, 467 ; xiL 156 ; 6^ S. L 446 ; 
iL 218, 477)..— In the little church of Weston 
Underwood (Cowper's Weston), near Olney. in 
Bacldnghamshire, I saw the other day a helmet 
«nd its crest, a white parrot, suspended on the 
wall of the south aisle. By its side hangs what I 
am told is rery rare, namely, an ancient tabard, 
with the pattern still clearly defined. 

E. Walfobd, M.A. 

Hampitead, N.W. 

"Hard," a Pier or Landino-placb (6* S. 
ill 188, 434).— The middle of a road is in this 
neighbourhood called *' the hard " to distinguish it 
&om the sides, which are not stoned. Some twenty 
or twenty-five years ago there was a trial at Lincoln 
assizes concerning certain encroachments which 
tiad been made on a highway in the parish of 
Laughton, near Gainsborough. I was present, and 
well remember that one chief matter in dispute 
was whether land had been taken in within fifteen 
feet of the middle of '' the hard." The word was 
used many times during the trial. As it was a 
case of much local interest, I have no doubt that 
a pretty full report of it may be found in the 
Stamford Mwewry of the time. '* The hard " is 
sometimes, I am informed, used to distinj^uish a 
ntised footpath from the rest of the highway. 
This, howerer, is, I think, uncommon. We usually 
say " the trod" or " the foot-trod." 

Edward Pbacoce. 

Bottetford Manor, Brigg. 

Imitative Vkr8E (6** S. il 227, 618 ; iii. 
476). — Another well-known example is to be 
found in Yeigil's description of Camilla in JEneid, 
TiL 808:— 

" Ilia T6l intaetas ■sgeiii per inmma volaret 
Gramina ; nee teneru ouria Intrant aristas : 
Vel mare per medium, flactu ■nspenia tnmenti, 
Ferret iter; celeres nee tingeret ssquore plantas." 

The rapid flow of these lines is imitated by (I 
think) rope : — 

<*Not 10 when iwift Camilla flcoan the plain, 
Flies o'er th' anbending com, and skims along the 

E. Walford, M.A. 
Hampatead, N.W. 

« Cheese it" (6» S. iii. 188, 373, 418, 475).— 
In this connexion the following extract, from the 
description of a bicycle run in a recent number 
«f the (Boston, U.S.) Bicycling World, may prove 
interesting as a coincidence : — 

" Hark I The merrr ra-ta-ta of a fish horn is heard, 
and up rise in splendid form a strange and nondueripl 
band. An ape wobbles ahead with his tail comfortably 
coiled around the backbone ; and his retinue of masked 
riderSp impersonating ererything that is mid, srotesqae, 
and stranffe under the azure hearens, follow in mysterloiis 
silence. Nobody knows who they are until a small boy 
on the fenee cries shrilly—* Harrard, do you go before 
you get there ? * There is a perceptible commotion in 
the ranks until the captain's stem toIco says :—* Cheese 
it !— «h, cheese it 1 ' and then they pass by in ignomtnloos 

Alphonsb Estoclbt. 

St. Mary's Ck)llege, Peckham. 


Rimaint of OgntUitnu and Judaitme. By John Aubrey^ 

1686-7. Bdited by James Britten. (Folklore 

Folk-lore Record. Vol. III. Part II. (Same SooietT.) 
AvBRsr was a credulous person. He seems to naTe 
receired with confidence almost ereiything, howerer 
wonderful, which any one told him with a grave face. 
This is an unhappy form of character for any one to 
less who is desirous of instructing his fellow creatures 

t>Y original thought, but it was in many ways useful to 
lilm as a collector of folk-lore. Had Aubrey been in 
anj sense a critic it is to be feared that he would have 
reelected much that we now ralue highly. A little power 
of comparison and analysis would, however, have been 
useful to him in one direction. Aubrey thought, as most 
persons of his generation did, that nearly all our popular 
mythology was derived from Roman or Biblical souroes. 
This we now know to be an error, and to some of ns it 
must seem a very strange one. It was not, however, 
unnatural for those whose literary culture was confined 
almost solely to the classical tongues to assume that all 
popular knowledge and saperstition had come from 
those languages which had been the source of almost all 
the knowledge which they themselves esteemed. John 
Aubrey could not be aware of the high value which 
would be set on every relic of popular religion and 
science by those who came tffcer him, and he Is not to 
be blamed for having left unrecorded so much of that 
which we are quite certain he knew, nor for having 
communicated what he did preserve in a most oidnvU* 
ing form. On the other hand, it is strange that he 
should have thought such "old wives' fobles*' in ray 
way worthy of serious thought. His contemporaries 
we know counted it mere folly, but we owe to this un- 
wisdom of his one of the most important collections ire 
possess. If, indeed, he had done nothing more than 
preserve for future use the wild Yorkshire soul dirge 

" This ean night, this ean night, 
Every night and awle," 
we should have been much in his debt It has been 
often printed, notably by Sir Walter Scott in his Mii^ 
tireity of the ScoUish Border, and by Mr. Atkinson in his 
Olouary oj the Cleveland DiaUct; it has, perhaps, how- 
ever, not as yet received all the attention it deserves. 
The «Brig o' Dread... no brader than a thread/' over 
which Boub have to pass, seems to point to the Arabic 
tradition of the bridge of Al Sirftt, which is laid over the 
midst of hell, and is finer than a hair and sharper than 
the edge of a sword, across which all have to pass ere 
they enter paradise or hell. It' is important to know 
whether the idea of this bridge is the common property 
of the Aryan and Semitic peoples, oil whether It was 
Digitized by VJiDO 




introdveed into oar mytbologr in the Middle Ages by 
contact with the East If e beliere the former hypo- 
ihctis to be the trae one. It was until recently the 
common opinion that almoit all our folk-lore which 
eoald be paralleled by the traditions of Oriental lands 
had been imported by the CroBadere. In numberleM 
CMOS this has been shown to be a false assumption, and 
ISC hftTe little doubt that it will be proTed to be so in this 
cMe. It is as impossible to point out all the important 
fiMts garnered in this stranse miscellany as it would 
be to direct attention to all the good things in one of 
Br. 8mith*s dictionaries. We maj mention, howerer, 
that groaning trees, wax imases for magic, men who 
were InTulnerable, and boy bishops are all illustrated. 
The editing has been done with the most scrupulous 
care, and toere are many apt notes. The part before us 
of the FoU-lore Record contains papers by Dr. George 
Stephens, Miss Erelyn Carrington, Mr. H. C. Coote, and 
other well-known students of the popular mythol<^. 
The two English folk- tales are of much interest, and the 
ceoonnt of a rural wedding in Lorraine has amused us 

Mittwrieal Memoin of ike ffause and Clan of 3faekinioih, 
and ^ OU Clan Ckaitan. By Alexander Mackintosh 
8haw. (London, printed for the Author.) 
This handsome and interesting rolume is at once a 
labour of lore and a monument of long-standing con- 
trorersT. That it is quite possiblo to sympathize with 
the feehngs which prompted the writing of this history 
while yet not being couTerted to ito author's genealogical 
▼lews IS shown, rery properly, we think, by the presence 
cf Clnny Macpberson's name in the list of subscribers. 
We are Terr gied to welcome this addition to our store 
of modem Uterature illurtrating clan and family history. 
Such books can oalj be suitably written by those whose 
heart is in the work. How strong the power of associa- 
tion is in the Hi^land mind we can gather from the 
whole course of Highland history — on the battle-field, 
in the foray, in exile, and, if need be, on the scaffold. 
Some of the most directly controrersial portions of Mr. 
Mackintosh Shaw's present work hare, to a certain extent, 
■Irady been made known to our readers through the 
part taken by him in the pages of " N. k Q.*' in the 
dacumion of the great battle of the clans in 1S96. On 
the oneetion of the dans between whom the battle was 
foognty Mr. Shaw seems practically to hare receired the 
tdMon of Mr. W. F. Skene, the learned historian of 
Cdtic Seotiand. On other pomte, howerer. and notebly 
CO the main point at iMue— as to the chiefship of the 
dan Ohattan— Mr. Shaw is still at Tariance with Mr. 
Skene. We are inclined to think that eron on this 
burning question a modus vivetidi might be found 
between the author of Ctltie Scotland and the historian 
ef the dan Chattan, for Mr. Shaw does not appear to 
be prepared to dispute the unbroken male descent of 
Guny from the old clan Chattan, while nobody disputes 
tiie fact that it was through his marriage with the only 
child of the last chief of the original stock that the 
ttwestor of Mackintosh obtoioed his subsequent leader- 
shb of what we would call the modem clan. In point 
«f facl^ Uie contest isi, though with special circumstances, 
the perpetually recurring one between heir male and 
heir of line, and it will probably long continue a subject 
for dispute between the supporters of each riew. Mr. 
Mackintosh Shaw, whether he conrerte his readers or 
not, deserres the praise which all studente of history and 
senealogT should ungrudgingly bestow on those who 
dsTote themeelTes to the often thankless task of pre- 
serring the records of the past in memoriam majorum. 
No one can fail to be stirred by much that is written in 
theifmowv qf (As €^tm C^uMan of the doughty deeds 

of those who through eril report and good report stood 
shoulder to shouldfer. And there must be many of 
Mr. Shaw's readers in distant lands who will join us 
in thanking him for his graphic pictures of the men of 
old, and of the pleatant land where Spey rolls rapidly 
through pine-claa glades, and Loch-an-Eilan sleeps under 
the duidow of Cairngorm. 

Pkilotopkieal doisict^—Bcritley, By A. 0. Fraser^ 
hL.J>.-~BniUr. By Ber. W. Lucas Collins, M.A. 
(Blackwood k Sons.) 
The series of "Philosophical Classics for English 
Beaders" seems likely to prore both Taloable to the 
student of philosophy and interesting to the general 
reader. Prof. Praser's sketch of Berkeley and the Ben 
W. Lucas CoUins's account of Butler present in a clear 
and readable shape the views entertained by those 
writers upon the great questions which they discussed. 
Butler, as an ethi«d writer, was mainly engaged in com- 
bating the selfish theory of human natw'e which re- 
gards mankind as only influenced either by pleasure or 
pain. His chief title to fame resta on his * Analogy,'' 
which was a defence of the orthodox church of England 
system against the attacks of the Deists, and especially 
of Toland and of Tindal. Written for a special and 
temporary purpose, it possesses little yalue now, when 
religion is attecked from a widely dififerent point of 
▼lew. The claims of Berkeley to a place in the seriee 
are undeniable. His metaphysical writhigs are an epoch 
in the history of speculatiTe science, which has, since 
that time, been chiefly employed in the attempt to solve 
the difficulties or obscurities of his system. His life, to 
which Prof. Fraser has added some new details, is on» 
of considerable interest. The brilliant but eccentrio 
student of Trinity College, Dublin, the friend of Steele 
and of Swift, the fortunate inheritor of the half of Miss 
Vanhomrigh's (Swift's Vanessa) fortune, he became 
successiTely Dean of Dromore and of Derry and Bishop 
of Cloyne, and died in 1758. He is buried in Chrisb 
Church Cethedral at Oxford. It is impossible to attempt 
an abstract of an abstract, and we strongly recommend 
those who wish to know something of the writings of 
two of the greatest of English thinkers in the eighteenth 
century to possess themselTes of these two volumes. 

Bisayt amd Phaniatdt. By Jamei Thomson. (Beever 

k Tuner.) 
Thc essavist who s^aks of Lyeidat as " that eloquent 
jumble of head^ grief" must, we suppose, be credited 
with vigorons, if misguided, powers of langnage. If e do 
not propose to contest the presence of this gift in Mr. 
Thomson. He strains a good deal after effect, it is true, 
but oftener he says his thought in effective words, an^ 
his s^Ie is rich with remembrance of much discur- 
sive reading. As resards his themes, we have already 
sufficiently expressed our opinion. Those of them whicn 
Mr. W. M. Bossetti would class as the « Heterodox or 
Beligiously Mutinous" (it is so much pleasanter to speak 
of "death "as "demise"!) are as little to our taste aa 
ever, and, so far as we have perased them, tedious to 
boot But Mr. Thomson is readable concerning Indo- 
lence, Beadles, Poete, and so forth, and his notes oa 
John Forster and George Meredith make us curious ta 
see that essay on William Blake to which reference ie 
made in one of the " Opinions of the Press " printed at 
the end of the volume. Some of the brief aphorisms, 
scattered through these pages are worthy of preserra- 
tion. We quote one of these, less for its novelty than ita 
odd resemblance to a paasage in quite another key. 
Speaking of cerUin poete, Mr. Thomson says, " Will you 
have your life living or deadi Nature asks us all ; and 
these reply ' Dead! ' " So, in the famous " ConvendCA 
Digitized by VnOOQ 16 




of Colonel Qiiagg/' the blacksmith addrestet his intended 
victim with reje&rd to the terrible strap. " Will you tnke 
it flKbting or will you take it lying down 1 " says he. 
And brother Sockdolloger replies, as we all know, that 
he prefers to take it " fighting." For the amateurs of 
parallel passaises it may be added that the priority in 
this case belong^ to Mr. Sala. 

Miteellama Qenfalogica et Beraldiea. Edited by J. 

Jackson Howitrd, LL.D. New Series. Vol. III. 

(Hamilton, Adams & Go.) 
' Odr correspondent Dr. Howard may be congratulated 
on the handsome Tolume now before ns, which embraces 
a large collection of raried materials of interest and 
utility to the genealogist. The pedigrees, particularly 
those in the earlier part, such as Strangwayes, Long, 
&c., are Tery full and elaborately worked out. Mr. 
Henry Wagner, F.S.A., and Dr. Lee, of All Saints', 
Lambeth, bo'h contribute some interesting Huguenot 
pedigrees. Dr. Lee, indeed, brings the names of Man- 
ning and Newman into curious juxtaposition in the 
course of his researches. Mr. F. A. Blaydes gives use- 
ful extfactii from the parish registers, of Toddington, 
some of which hare led to no inconsiderable amount of 
diBCunMon in our own columns. The Rer. B. H. Blacker 
contributes similar matter from Cheltenham, and other 
correspondents from Tarious other parishes. Armoriiil 
book-plates continue to form one of the standing features 
of Miicellanta. The index to the Tolume deserT<^ special 
mention as being remarkably full. At p. 142. in the 
analysis of the Masterton pedigree, we note one or two 
inaccuracies of the press, e,g., "[writer in] Sterling " for 
Siirling, and " Aucklandskyes'^ for Auctdan*h%«s. In 
the Jietours this latter name is written in two forms, 
" Auchiiilanskevs " and " Auchlanskies." We trust that 
the interests of genealogy will long continue to be serred 
by Dr. Hownrd, whose Afucellanea should be in the 
hands of all divers into the ocean of pedigree. 

Our Country : Descriptive, ffistorieal, Pictorial. Illus- 
trated. (Gasitell & Co.) 
This portion of Our Country containt illustrations and 
descriptions of itome of the most picturesque districts, 
and the most interesting historical and architectural 
relics that are to be found in Great Britain. On the 
one hand, the Wye, the Merionethshire coast, the New 
Forest, Killamey, the Bo^ne, the coast of North Devon, 
and the nei>;hbourhood of Loch Maree afford all varieties 
of scenery, whether river, lake, sea, woodland, or moun- 
tain. On the other hand, Norwich, Southwell, and 
Newark, Aberdeen, Oxford, St. Albans, Castle Howard, 
and Audley End supply examples of every date and 
style of ecclesiastical, street, domestic, or collegiate 
architecture. The illustrations are for the most part 
excellent specimens of the engraver's art, ^hite the 
descriptive letter press contains abundance of informa- 
tion respecting all points of interest The book, when 
complete, will be invaluable to the holiday maker as a 
dictionary of all the choicest spots in "our country." 

"Miuerd's Map op Bristol."— Youp suggestion, 
ante, p. 19, as to a reproduction of Millerd*s map, you 
irill ooserve by enclosure, has been in a measure antici- 
pated. The date of the map sent herewith is 1671, and 
in 1673 Millerd pubU^hed an enlarged edition of this 
identical map, with a border of etchings of public and 
other noted buildings then extant in Bristol. These 
etchings are being published in Brutol Pott and Present 
as the references arise, and the map of 1671 will be 
given in our firut volume, '* The Civil History," which, 
together with the second volume. " The Ecclesiastical 
Biitopy of Bristol,*' will] be issued to subscribsrs in 

December next May I add that the constructed plan 
of Bristol after Wm. Wyrcestre, recently published in 
our work and referred to by you in your critique, was 
the work of your able correspondent Mr. A. S. Ellis, to 
whom we of the old city feel ourselves greatly indebted. 
J. P. NiCHOLLS, F.8.A. 
[The enclosure referred to above is only a small repro- 
duction, engraved and published by Millerd himself, of 
the lart;er and still rarer *' Delineation " which we ex- 
pressed a desire to see issued in the shape of a photo- 

^otfrrtf to Corrri{panireitttf. 

As we are constantly receiving communications on the 
subject, we may state that there now lies at the Office a 
complete set of Note* and Queries (half-bound calf), 
from the commencement, totcether with the General 
Indexes for which the Publisher of ** N. & Q." is read/ 
to receive applications. 

A. J. W. — The great authority on the Ragman Roll is 
the Scottish herald, Nisbet, who devotes a separate por- 
tion of his Syttem of Heraldry to the elucidation of the 
names on the Roll. The entire series of documents 
known under this title bus been printed by the Banna- 
tyne Club, and in the introduction will be found the 
conjectures of the adepts, ** none of tliem conclusive," 
says Dr. John Hill Burton (B^sf. Scot, ii 276), " on the 
etymology of the peculiar term Ragman." Practically, 
the interest of the Roll is genealogical, as containing: 
the names of the Scottish barons who swore fealty to 
Edward I., 1.^.1296. 

John Pickpord.— Our own imprepsions of the two 
words tally very well with yours. But there is, perhaps 
of necessity, an implication of cru'^eness in a vivA voce, 
as distinguished from paper work, which may be in- 
tended in the distinction you mention ; whether justly 
or not is a different question. 

E. S. DoDOfiOK. — Your question is one of polemics. If 
you want to read some of the latest discussions, in which 
members of various Christian b<KlieB took part, you 
might study the Anglo-Continental Society's Reports of 
the Bonn Conferences, the president of which certainly 
took substantially your view. 

W. DoBSON (Preston).— Mr. Serjeant Stephen, in his 
Commentaries, says that ** the cities of this kingdom are 
certain towns of principal note and importance, all of 
which either are, or have been, sees of bishops; yet 
there seems to be no necessary connexion between a ci^ 
and a see." 

G. T. ("Teetotal ").— The word has been thoroughly dis- 
cussed in our columns. See "N. & Q.," ^^ S. iv. 429; 
T. 18, 137, 398, 457; vi. 98. 158, 258, 413, 623, 

Stdhkt Buxton ("Hear I hear !'*).— See "N. & Q.;» 
4ti> S. ix. 229, where will be found papers on the subject 
by Mr. George A. Sala and the late Lord Lyttelton ; 
also p. 285 of the same volume of " N. & Q." 

G. A. Ward ('< The letter W ").— Evidently a printer's 

W. B. D(rnBAR.~The story is told of a sentinel who 
was on guard at Windsor Castle. 


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JiIa<eli1aTelh. Aretjun, B'jnTilti, Tana*;, Beini:»o, \<3, i*t I 'ante thtiTt 
Ar« ab«ut a tluodrcd Editiona, dattux 'r"m 1473 lu iWX and mAl:udiij|t 
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CONTENTS.— N« 81. 

K(yTB8 :— Eton OoUeee Library, 41— Th« BerlMd Yenlon of 
tha New Ttetemeni. 48 -Shaw the Ltfegnardunaa, 44— A 
PUntmem to JordaQ»-BookBeUen' Oatalognea. 45-Palm 
Biiiiday at llteolooghi— The Poet Thomson and his Sap- 
poeed Marriage. 40— Firing Royal Salntea in London— ▲ 
OoBtomponiy of Boma-Yorkshixe Folk-Ioro, 47. 

OUERIE'^:— Mr. MaeOarlhy'a "Hlatoiy of Onr Own Timet" : 
Alm^ WbatelT. 47-NeU Gwynne at MiU Hill— Fairfax of 
Barford-CampbeU the Poet-Waa William lY. an Author f 
_Ooina In Shipa-Bankei's Hill— " Aneodotage *— Ifleid, 
Sonez. 48— St. Kenelm'a Cbapel-TaUay of Booka, Linton— 
Barbar^nigeoDa' HaU — SoaodlnaTian Mythology — Hie 
MonoUth in Byde Park— Campbells of Carradale— A. Scho- 
penhaner—** Foxed" Plates — Dotterel — Afternoon Tea— 
'VTbe Mother HnfT Gap "— Knmismatio— Ijnstead Chqxoh : 
"Weal^ FiamMy— Authors Wanted. 49. 

BSPLIS8 :— Edward Slwall, the Unitarian. 60— Oonyers of 
north Yorkahlxe— "The Yellow Book -— Bioe : Bise, 62-The 
Fife Earldom— Oiblelo. M-"Bock of Ages"— "Play old 
•ooseberry "— " Feed a eold." Ac— A Warwlekshifo Phrsse, 
£4— "Memorials of Two Sisters" — London Booksellers 

— Boon-Days — HonorlileabUitndlnlty — "Boothest" in 
''OOmus"— Apple Folk-lore, 65— "Ohsyne*'— Ospt. Wright 

— Curtain Lectures — " Snob " — Mnemonio lines — Birds 
vnder the Croes- American Words, 66— Bst. T. D. Whitaker 
— "Fap^,* fte— Thaokeray's " Snobs "—Ladykeys—" Maiw 
riage Bltei," &c, 57—" Cut 0T«r"— Female Chuichwaxdens, 

NOTES ON BOOKS :— Dyer's "Domestic Folk-lore"— Gum- 
mins's *' Grammar of the Old Frieiic Langoage "— Dn Boys's 
" Catharine of Aragon"— The Speaker's Cosunentary : New 
Test, Vol III.— Stone's " Cradle L«nds of Arts and Greeds " 
— Dosrden's "SonneU of W. Shakspere/' Ao. 

Notioes to Oorrespondents, Ae. 

{Coniinued from p, 2S.) 

For the following accoant of ihe most important 
of oar impreaaioBB of Shftkespoare I am indebted 
to the kindness of my friend and coUeague Mr. 

The Sliakeepearian collection contained in the 
Storer books is of connderable interest and value. 
There are copies, in admirable preaenration, of the 
first two folios, the first having been interleaved 
with many excellent engravings. The third folio 
Is the second issae of 1664 (described in the Cam- 
bridge 8hak€tpeare,Yo\.i. p. xzvii), containing " seven 
plays never before printed in Folio, viz.: Pericles, 
Prince of TVre : The London Prodigall : The 
History of Thomas Lord Oromwell : Sir John 
Oldeastle Lord Gobham : The Puritan Widow : A 
Yorkshire Tragedy : The Tragedy of Loorine," and 
is described as *' London, printed for P. 0., 1664.'' 
There are also five quarto volumes containing 
eopies of varying excellence. Of these it is per- 
haps worth while to append a detailed description. 

Vol. L— 1. ''The Troublesome Baigne of 
King John." The title-page of the first part is 
lost^ but the second part has the following : — 
<'The I 8eo(mdPdrtoftiie | Troublesome Baigne of 

I King John | Containing | The entrance of Lewis 
the FrendiiJ King's sonne : with the poysoninff 
of I Kng John by | a Monk. 1 written by W. 
Shakespeare. | London. | Printed by Aug: Mat- 
thewes for Thomas Dewe, and are to be sold at his 
Shop in St Dnnstones | Churchyard in Fleet 
Street | 1622." It is therefore the third edition of 
the i^y, from which Shakespeare took his plot 
and many of his characters (Cambridgs Skak^- 
speare, vol iv. p. i). 

2. ''Henry the Fourth," 1639. This is the 
eighth quarto {Camhridge SKalcetpeare^ voL iv. 
p. x). It is said to be "newly corrected" by 
mlliam Shakespeare. 

3. "Themost Excellent and Lamentable Tragedy 
of Bomeo and Juliet" This is " Printed by B. 
Young for John Smethwioke," and is dated 1637. 
It is therefore the fifth quarto {Cambridge Shake- 
ipeare^ voL viL p. x). 

4. "The I Whole Contention | betweene the two 
Famous I Houses of Lancaster and Yorke. | With 
the Tragioall Ends of the Good Duke | Humfrey, 
Bichard Duke of Yorke, | and King Henrie the | 
Sixt. I Divided into two parts : and newhr cor- 
rected and I enlarged. | Written by William 
Shake- i Bpeare,Qent. | PrintedatLondonforT.P." 
There is no date, but Capell has dated it 1619 by 
comparing the signature ofHhe pages with that 
of an edition of Fwieles {Cambridge Shaki- 
tpeare, vol. v. p. ix). It is dted as Quarto 3. 

Vol II.— 1. "A Midsommer Nights dreame." 
It is "printed by James Boberts, 1600." This 
is a reprint of a quarto printed in the same year 
by Thomas Fisher. It is cited as Quarto 2 (Oom- 
drtdae /Sfca*ejp«ar«, vol. iL pp. viii-ix). 

2. " Loves Labour Lost." Printed by W. S. 
for John Smethwicke, 1631. This is the second 
quarto, and is reprinted from Folio 1 (Cambridge 
ShaJcespearej vol iL p. viii). 

3. «vrhe I Excellent | History of the Mer- | 
chant of Venice | with the Extreme Cruelty of 
Shylocke | the Jew towards the saide Merchant, in 
out I ting a just Pound of his Flesh. And the 
obtaining lof Portia _W the choyse of | three 
Caskets. Written by W. Shakespeare. | Printed 
by F. Bobttts, 1600." This is the first quarto 
(Cambridge Shakespeare, vol iL p. «). The 
heading of the first page has "The Comical 
History of the Merchant of Venice." 

4. The same, with the alteration of chesU for 
eoikete. " Printed by M. P. for Laurence Hayes, 
and Bse sold at his shop on Fleet Bridge, 1637." 
This is Quarto 3. 

VoL IIL— 1. The same as the last. " London. 
Printed for William Leake, and are to be soldo at 
his shop at the signs of the Crown in Fleet Street, 
between the two Temple Gates. 1658." This is the 
fourth quarto (Cambridge Shakeepeare, voL ii. p. xi). 

2. "The I Tragedie | of | King Bichard | The 
Third I Contayning h« ^^.'ounjlo^g^g 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [««* s. iv. jolt w/ai. 

guxut hu Brother Clarmu : the pitifhU | murder 
of hii innooent Nephewee : hii I tyranooB nearpa- 
tion: with the | whole oonrseof his detested life, | 
«nd most deeemed Death' | As it hath beene acted 
by the Kiofcs | Majesties servants | Written by 
William ShaJce-speare | London I Printed by John 
Norton, 1634." I hare given tne foil title-page 
of this the eighth qoarto, as the Oambridge editors 
(toI. t. p. XT) have apparently not seen it 

a ''Mr. William Shake-speare his true Ghro- 
nide History of the life and death of King Lear 
and his three Danghters." This, of which the foil 
title-page is given in the Camiridg^ ShaJutpeare 
(toL Tiii. p. zii), ii the first qoarto, and is stated 
to be *< Printed for Nathaniel Batter. 1608." 

4. The same. " London, Printed by Jane Bell 
and are to be sold at the Bast-End of Ohrist 
Ohorch, 1665." The Oambridge editors (vol viiL 
p. rvi) describe this as " printed very carelessly 
from Q. 1." It may be notioed as being by a 
woman printer. 

YoL IT.— 1. The first quarto of '' A Wittie and 
Pleasant Gomedie called The Taming of the 
Shrew. London, Printed by W. 8. for John 
Smethwicke, and are to be sold at his shop in 
Saint Dnnstones Ghorohyard under the Diall. 
1631 " (Cambridge Shakapeare, voL iiL p. i). 

2. '* The Life and Death of King Richard the 
Second. London, Printed by John Norton, 
1684." This is the fifth quarto (Cambridge 
^utkemeare, vol. iv. p. ix). 

3. The sixth quarto of Hamkt^ printed by B. 
Toung for John Smethwicke, 1637 (Cambridge 
Shaketpeare, vol viiL p. x). His shop is described 
here as in St Dunttan'e Ghnrchyud, not Dun- 
iUmee as elsewhere. 

4. '< The I Chronicle HiBtorv | of Henry the fifb, 
with his I battell fought at Agm Court in | France. 
Together with an | cient Pistol. Printed for T. P. 
1608." This Lb the third quarto^ which the Cam- 
bridge editors (voL iv. p. xiii) describe as pre- 
senting a text 80 imperfect and so varying from 
the fofio as not to be worth collating; the theory 
of Mr. Collier being that it was made up of notes 
taken during the performance. 

6. "The [fiunous Historic ofjTroylus and 
Creseid. | Excellently expressbg the beginning | of 
their Loves, with the conceited wooing | of Pan- 
darus Prince of Licia. | Written by William 
Shakespeare. I London j Imprinted by Q. Eld for 
B. Bonian and H. Walley, and | are to be sold at 
the spred Eagle in Paules | Churchyard, ouer 
against the J Great North Doore. | 1609." This 
is the second quarto, and is a reprint of Quarto 1, 
by the same printers ; but it has prefixed an 
epistle from ''A neuer writer, to a euer reader. 
Newes," which the earUer edition lacked (Cam^ 
bridge ShaJeeipeare, voL vi. p. i). 

6. The third quarto of Othello, stated on the 
t* tie-page to be the fourth edition. ''London, 

Printed for William Leak at the Crown in Fleet 
Street between the Two Temple Gates. 1655*^ 
(Cambridge Skaketpeare, vol. viii. p. xvii). 

YoL v. — ^This volume contains three of th» 
" doubtful pUys.** 

1. <'The I London | Prodigall. | as itwaspliude 
by the Kings Maie | sties Servants, i By William 
Shakespeare, | London. | Printed by T. C. for 
Nathaniel Butter, and | are to be sold neere S. 
Austins Gftte, I at the signe of the pyde BuU. j 

2. ''The late and much admired Play called 
Perides^ Prince of Tyre. Printed for T. P. 1619.'^ 
This is cited as Quarto 4 (Cambridge Shakespearcp 
voL ix. p. viii). There is also a separate quarto 
impression of this play, eine anno. 

3. The same. Printed at London by Thoma» 
Cotes, 1635. This is cited as Quarto 6 (Cam- 
bridge Shakeepearef vol. ix. p. ix). 

4. " The fint pi^ | of the true and bono | rabl» 
history of the Life of | Sir John Old-castle, the 

' I LordCobham. | As it hath beene Utely acted 

ly the Bight | honorable the Earle of Notingham I 
Lord High Admirall of England, | his Servants. I 
Written by William Shakespeare. | London, Printed 
for T. P. I 1600." This play is said by Malone to 
have been in reality written by M. Drayton, R. 
Wilson, and B. Harthaway. Shakespeare's reputa- 
tion in 1600 was, we may gather, great enough to 
make it worth while to put his name on the title- 
page. ThePrologueisworthcopying, because it shows 
that, in popular opinion at any rate, Shakespeare 
was supposed to have been satirizmg Sir John 
Oldoasue by his representation of Sir John Falstaff. 
The poet, indeed, took the trouble plainly to deny 
this in the epilogue to the second part of Henry 
IF., " For Oldcastle died a martyr, and this is not 
the man.'' And Dr. A. Schmidt's theory seems a 
sound one, that the name originally used was Sir 
John Oldcastle, afterwards purposely changed 
to avoid this mistake. The punning speech of 
Prince Henry would then be left inadvertently, 
1 Eenry IF., I. iL 40, "my old lad of the casUe.'' 
However, disclaimers seldom succeed in completdy 
correcting a popular mistake, and the authors of 
our play are anxious to point out that their hero 
is none of Falstaffi They therefore prefix 

"Thb Frolooux. 
The doubtful title (Gentlemen) prefixt 
Upon the argument we haue in hand. 
May breed fuipence, and wrongfully dittnrbe 
The peacefuU quiet of your aettled thoughte : 
To stop which scruple, let this breefe suffice. 
It is no pampered glutton we present. 
Nor aged Gouncellour to youthfull sinne; 
But one whose vertne shone abone the rest, 
A valiant Mar^, and a vertuous Peere, 
In whose true faith and loyalty exprest 
Unto his Soueraine and his Countries weale : 
We striue to pay that tribute of our loue 
Your faaonrs merit: Let faire Truth be grac*d 
Since forged inuention former time defae*d." 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 

«ikS.IV. Jai.Tl6.'81.1 



There is a large collection of old plays, from 
1566 downwards, including impressions of Ben 
Jonaon's Every Man out of his Hutmw and 
Every Man in his Humoury dated 1600 and 1601 
leapediTely, and the first edition of The Fox, 1607. 
The only edition of an English poem of special 
bibliographical importance that calls for descrip- 
tion ia the first ewion of Paradise Lost, seyenth 
title-page (1669). It rons thas^— " Paradise Lost, 
a Poem, in Ten Books. The Author, John Milton. 
London. Printed by S. Simmons, and are to be 
■old 1^ T. Helder at the Angel in Little Brittain. 
1669.^ In this year the first impression, con- 
aiating of 1300 copies, appears to hsTO been ez- 
faansted, Milton's receipt for the second payment 
of fire pounds beanng date April 26, 1669. This 
Tolume contains the address of the printer, the 
asgnment^ the rerse, and errata. The different 
oopies with what is distinguished as the serenth 
tiUe are not all uniform. This one has the top 
line in the last page of hook iii. numhered 
wrongly 740, and has the correct word in in the 
aennltimate line, for with which some copies haye. 
It is not a Tery imposing Tolume, not nearly so 
iiandsome as ^Pickering's fac-simile (1873), hut 
where shall we look for many of equal interest ? 
Fbancis St. John Thackjcbat. 
Ston College. 

{To he eoi^in-uid,) 



At Galatlans ii. 11 KaT€yv<a(rfi€vos ^v is by a 
|>eriphraais " because he stood condemned." At 
iii. 13 the aorist preserved in "redeemed," instead 
of " hath redeemed," indicates the redemption 
effected once for alL In iy. 17, 18, it is '^ zealously 
seek "; and at y. 17 it is " that ye may not do the 
things that ye would." It is " cannot " in the A.y. 
At yL 2, 6, pdpTj and <f>opTlov are unnecessarily 
translated by the same word, "burden." At 
▼er. 11 vriXiKois ypdfjLfiaa-Lv, rendered " with how 
laige letters," is indicatiye of St. PauVs own hand- 
writing; and at yer. 10 oIk€iovs rns ttiotcios is 
translated "the household of faith," no notice 
being taken of the article, a remark which is also 
app&able to the words " before faith came," as in 
4he text at iiL 23. 

At Ephesians iL 2, 7, altava and altao-iv being 
•diferently translated, the contrast between the 
present and future is wei^ened. At iii. 15 ^rao-a 
r-arpta becomes " every family " in the text, with 
"every fatherhood" in the mai^n, answering to 
" each fatherhood " of the Wycliffe-Purvey version. 
At v. 16, as at GoL iv. 5, c^ayopa^o/Acvoi rhv 
Kaipov^ is " redeeming the time " in the text, 
whiieh is both suggestive of an impossibility and 
prgudieial (o the sense of Kaipov ; in the margin 

it is more literally " buying up the opportunity." 
At ver. 30 "of his flesb and of his bones" is 
omitted; and at vL 12 "world-rulers" is a new 
rendering for Koo-fWKpdTopa^ Tyndale has 
"wordly rulers." Zurich, Froschover, 1650, to 
which I refer, as in Offer's reprint, London, 1836, 
and Bagster's Hexapkif there is the reading 
" worldy." 

In the Epistle to the Philippians several familhi 
passages are changed. In iL 6 the words ov^ 
apirayfjJov riyq<raTo are translated " he counted it 
not a prize," instead of " he thought it not robbery"; 
the alteration is in agreement with Theodoret. 
At iii. 20 "our citizenship" is the translation of 
iroXtT€v/ia, instead of "our conversation"; and 
" the body of our humiliation "deservedly replaces 
" our vile body," as " the body of his glory" does 
" his glorious body^" in ver. 21. Again, at iv. 6, 
" in nothing be anxious " takes the place of "be 
careful for nothing," as "forbearance" does of 
"moderation" in the translation of eTrtecKc? in 
ver. 5. For the article at iL 9, see iii., 6^ S. iiL 

At Colossians L 15 vpiororoKos ?rao^9 Kriar€<as 
is translated "the firstborn of all creation"; at 
iL 23 the sense of the revised translation, " but 
are not of any value against the indulgence of the 
flesh," is plainer than that of the A. Y. In iiL 1, 
as throughout the passage 1-4, the past tense is 
preserved in reference to the events of the Chris- 
tian life ensuing upon the resurrection of the Lord. 
At iv. 9 Onesimus is " the faithful and beloved 
brother," which is more correct than " a brother." 
At 1 Thessalonians L 10 rhv pv6fitvov is rightly 
translated "which delivereth us," intimating the 
continual deliverance, not "delivered us." At 
iv. 6 €v T$ irodyfxart is " in the matter"; at ver. 8 
the reading oiSovra, " giveth," represents the con- 
tinual gift of the Goly Spirit, replacing "hath 
given"; at ver. 15 "precede" is adopted instead 
of "prevent," but "prevent" has a locus standi 
from its use in the Prayer Book in the same sense. 
In V. 22 it is " every form of evil " in the text 
instead of " all appearance," which is removed to 
the margin. At 2 Thessalonians u. 7, 8, it is " law- 
lessness" and "lawless" as the translation of 
avo/iia and avofios; and at ver. 11 r^) ipeuSti ia 
"a lie," which is less exact than "the lie," as 
representing the lie of the apostasy, or "false- 
hood " as expressing lying in the abstract. 

In the revision of the two epistles to Timothy 
the attention which has been paid to the presence 
of the article is very noticeable. We find " the 
good warfare," 1 Timothy L 18; "the eternal life" 
and "the good confession," vL 12; "the good 
fight" and "the course," 2 Timothy iv. 7, with 
" the crown of righteousness," ver. 8, and " the 
glory," ver. 18. At 1 Timothy iL 15 there is "the 
childbearing " in the text, with " her childbearing " 
in the margin ; and the position of the article 




with the subject Ib indicated in the altered render- 
ing *' supposing that godliness is a way of gain," 
m>pta-fA6Sf tL 5. At 1 Tim. iii 16 the reading 6s 
is accepted, and it is ** He who was manifested," 
with a notice of other readings in the margin. At 
y. 12 there is " condemnation " for ** dunnation "; 
and at yi 9 the subjeotiTO force of curivcs, as 
expressiye of character, is shown in tiie translation 
" sach as," not merely " which," as in the A.V. 
At 2 Timothy iL 25 and iii. 7 cts htiyvwriv 
aXyiBdas ih ** to the knowledge of the truth," with 
no recognition of the special sense of cmyvoxres 
(see IL, 6^ S. iii. 443). At ilL 16 there is *'eyeiy 
scripture inspired of God is also profitable " in the 
text ; in iy. 14 a difficulty which has been felt is 
obTiated hj the reading airodcuo-ci, " will render." 
In Titus L 5 '^ as I gaye thee charge" remores the 
ambiguity of the A.y. *' as I had appointed thee." 
At iii 10 aiperucSv is " heretical," not " an heretic." 
In Philemon yy. 19, 21, the epistolary aorist is 
represented in " I write " for the A.V. *^I wrote." 
It may be noticed once for all that in the Epistle 
to the Hebrews the A.y. has yeiy frequently a 
peat tense where there is the present tense in the 
original, as in the passage ix. 6-9. This desenres 
attention, as it affects the question of the time 
when the epistle was written. The correction is 
made in the reyised translation ; but it will not 
be required to notice it in ejeiy instance. At L 1 
the rendering of iroXv/upois is "by diyers por^ 
tions," instead of "at sundry times"; at yer. 3 
diravyaa-fia is translated " effulgence," and varoo*- 
raaris "substance" in "the yeiy image of his 
substance." A marginal note might haye men- 
tioned the altematiye translation "person" for 
woorao-is, considering the early date of this in- 
terpretation of the word. At yer. 13 it is em- 
phatically " the footstool of thy feet," as it is in 
the Bhemish yersion. In iL 1 the translation of 
wapoLppwofjLev is corrected to " we drift away from 
them/' from "we let them slip"; and at yer. 16 
csTiXa/i^avoaat is to "take hold" in "not of 
angels doth he take hold," according to the use of 
the term in the historical books, as at St. Matthew 
ziy. 31, and in 1 Timothy ri. 12, 19. At iy. 8 
the name of " Joshua " is inserted in the text for 
'Ii;ox)vs, and auPPart<rii6s at rer. 9 is " sabbath 
rest." At yi. 11 vkripoi^opia -njs €Airi5os is ren- 
dered " fulness of hope," as there is also " fulness 
of faith" at x. 22. But it is "full assurance of 
understanding" at Golossians ii. 2, and "much 
assurance" at 1 Thess. L 5. There seems no 
sufficient reason for yarying in these m^tfrytceff the 
translation of the same word. 

In yii 3 ayevcaXdyi/ros is rendered " without 
{(enealogy," instead of "without descent"; this 
u also the Bhemish translation, as it preyiouslj 
was of the Wycliffe - Punrey ; at yer. 28 v2os 

is "the worshipper." In the difficult passage 
ix. 15-20 SiaOi^iaj is first translated " coyenant,*^ 
but this is changed to " testament " at yer. 16. The 
proper sense of Yaipis appears in the rendering 
" apart from sin,"inBtead of " without sin," yer. 28. 
At X. 7 it is " the roll" instead of " the yolame '^ 
" of the book "; and in yer. 27 for wvpbs trjXo^ 
there is " fierceness of fire," resembling the " rage 
of fire " in the Bhemish yersion. At x. 34 it is 
" them that were in bonds" instead of " me in my 
bonds " by which an ailment for the Pauline 
authorship of the epistle is taken away. The sub- 
stitution of the word " fiuth " for " belieye " at the 
dose of chap. x. shows the connexion with 
chap. xL, whidi the rendering in the A.y. does 
not At xL 8 the words vinJKov<r€v i^€XO€tv 
are translated "obeyed to go out," a rendering 
which came in with the Wycliffe-Punrey yersion^ 
and was continued in Tyndale's and others to the 
Bishops' Bible and the Bhemish. The rendering 
in yer. 19, " from whence he did also in a parable 
receive him back," however correct in iK>int of 
construing, is less rhythmical in sound than i» 
" from whence also he received him in a figure '^ 
in the A.y. At xiiL 4 the imperative form of the 
sentence is adopted in the rendering " JM mar- 
riage he had in honour among all," as it is through- 
out the passage. At yer. 24 dtrirdiofiai is trans- 
lated, as in a variety of passages, " salute,^ but it 
is "greet" at xL 13. Uniformity is found pre- 
served in the translation of the two passages, in 
the Wydiffe-Purvey version by the use of "to 
greet," and in Tyndide's and other versions by thai 
of " to salute." £d. Marshall, F.S. A. 

is translated " a Son," being without the artide, 
but it is " M Son" in i. 2. At ix. 9 3 karp^utav 


The story of Shaw's daring exploits at Waterloo 
is well enough known to most readers of 
"N. & Q.," but the f&ct is that, being also a 
noted pugilist, whose name was continually 
before the public, his prowess was allowed to 
edipse that of other men belonging to the Life 
Guards who were his equals in daring, and, although 
performing prodigies of valour, were forgottei» 
soon after the excitement of the battle had beeo 
partially obliterated by time. To be a Lifeguards- 
man was indeed something when Frenchmen haci 
to be fought hand to hand, but to be a bruiser 
was sometning more. At all events, the following 
notes are worth recording ; they are in the hand- 
writing of Benjamin Haydon, the celebrated 
painter, and are attached to some of his life- 
sketches lately acquired by the Print Boom of 
the British Museum : — 

<<The hand of Baikin. a Lifegnardsman, who killed 
three Cuirawien at Waterloo.'^— Haydon'i Studies^ 
vol. il. p. 114, No. 86. J ^ 

"The baek of Hodrins, Corporal- Major of the 2Dd 
UoiM Guards, who killed nine Gairaasiers and a Lancer 




ti Waterloo. This ii » ftci— B. S. Hajdoii."^Ha7don'f 
Stodiaa, yoL iL p. 214. 

"Gbeifc of Shaw, who wta kUled at Waterloo, who 
tqoally airtingntiihod hiioMlf/' — Hajdon't BtndieB, 
ToL IL p. 216. » 

Haydon mtut hare known the men well, having 
employed them as modele both before and after 
the short campaign of 1815 ; and by the very fact of 
■peaking of Shaw aa one ''who equally distinguiBhed 
hima^^ he indicates that there were other men in 
the two regiments who, by their comrades at leasts 
were thonght Tezy highly of for their braTeiy. 
GxoRox William Beip. 

British HMam. 


The query raised in « N. & Q. » 6«» S. i. 117, as 
to the burial-place of William Penn, and the in- 
formation subsequently given on pp. 143, 157, and 
S04, po e s e ssed me with a strong desire to Tisit the 
place. Accordingly, one chamung day last Au^t 
1 determined on putting my desire into execution, 
and resolTed also on Tisiting Ghenies^ whose 
Bnssell mausoleum had been the subject of a 
descriptiTe article, a few months previously, in 
the pages of the AnU^wxry^ signed with the well- 
known initials K W. 

A pilgrimafle through pleasant and diversified 
country brought me to Chenies Mill, where the 
lovely situation of Chenies can best be appreciated 
and enjoyed. A further walk across country by 
Ghalfont St Giles brought me, not without much 
inquiry, to Jordans. Tne name was unknown to 
manv of the rustic inhabitants I consulted, who 
lived, however, aa I afterwards found, in dose 
pfozunity to the place, unmarked on the Ordnance 
nap, so that care was required lest I should, 
after all, miss the way. A. most unpretending 
approach throuch the small garden of the fSurm- 
boose to whicn the Quaker meeting-house is 
attached brought me to the graveyard, as piain 
and banen aa the severest Puritan might wish to 
see. How great the contrast between this neglected 
God's acre and that at Chenies, visibly maintained 
sad looked after with such loving and tender care ! 
At Jordans the simplicity strikes you with painful 
f<»oe as something more than simplicity — as 
itadious neglect. The wild and weedy condition 
of the graveyard, shut out from the road bv a high 
wall, is apt to make you think that the dead are 
indeed Corrgotten, or their last resting-places would 
not be allowed to reproach you thus. Thirty years 
ago no headstones marked the places where renn 
and his fiunilv are buried ; that reproach has since 
been removed by a descendant of the great free- 
man, and, as Mr. Pihk (*« N. & Q.," e* S. i. 167) 
^tes, small headstones now mark the graves of 
Penn and several of his immediate funily and 
fiieads, including Elwood, the friend *of Milton 
(aee ''K. & Q., 6^ S. iiL 365). And so it is in 

this seoluded spot, situated amid all that is beauti- 
ful in woodland and pastoral scenery, and sur- 
rounded by the nameless dead of his own religious 
nersuasion, that the founder of a great state in the 
New World lies buried. Plain and unpretending 
as his grave is, recording only his name and year 
of death, it must ever remain an object of interest 
to the English lover of freedom all over the world. 
It is the simple memorial of a sreat man — great 
most of all in his stand for freedom, his heritage 
by birth and his unsurrendered priviles[e through 
life. Among many noble qualities tms love of 
liberty stood out tne foremost, and it is indeed a 
pertinent question whether those who in the Old and 
the New World have inherited the benefits of his 
lifelong struggle might not do something to redeem 
the appearance of his last resting-place, and so bring 
it more into consonance with that feeling of regard 
we all of us have, in a greater or lesser decree, 
for the distinguished dead and the places mere 
they lie. 

In the meeting house is a visitors' book, very 
many names in which are those of Americans, 
descendants, perhaps, some of them, of those 
Englishmen who were forced two centuries ago to 
seek in a strange and new world that liberty of 
conscience denied them in the land of their birth. 
Photographs of the graveyard and its surroundings 
are also sold in the meeting house^ which twice a 
year is used for religious services. 

Having bought some visible memento of my 
visits a memento, too, of the neglected condition 
of this historic graveyard — I came away, thinking, 
as many have thought before, that services how- 
ever ffreat, and abilities however distinguished. 
Boon become forgotten in the more immediate 
interests of eveiy-day life, and have their monument 
not in carved and sculptured stone, but in that 
which is a nobler memorial carved by themsdves — 
a lasting and beneficial influence on a nation's life 
and history. R P. Haicftoh Eobxrts. 

BooESBLLSRs' Catalooiti&-— As a constant 
reader of catalogues of second-hand books, and as 
a constant purchaser also, may I make a few sug- 
gestions for some general improvements ? I have 
long contemplated, and may some dav write, an 
article on book catalogues, of whidi I have a veiy 
large collection, dealers' catalogues, sale catalogues, 
&c., including many not only of "rare and curious'' 
books, but many which are remarkably rare and 
curious in themselves. My present purpose, how- 
ever, is not historic but suggestive, for there are 
several little matters which require reform. Being 
not only a reader of catalogues but a writer on 
them, correcting their erron and making notes 
and references, I often find the margins somewhat 
narrow, and especially towards the back. A good 
catalogue should have a reasonable space all round 
ito letter^press. If it has many pages the edMf^^ 


NOTES AND QUERIES. i6*b.iv jaLTi6/8i. 

shonld be cat. The name and address of the 
bookseller sboald be on each nage (or leaf), so that, 
as often happens, one can pull out a paseand send 
it to a friend who is " collecting/' but who does not 
receive the hundreds of catalogues which some of 
us delight in. A good plan (occasionally adopted) 
would be to have the name and address yer- 
tically between the double columns, and not 
along the top or bottom of the page, by which 
arrangement the bookseller might save space. 
Again, classified catalogues are Tery useful, for one 
knows what to avoid ; but to an omnivorous reader 
like myself a catalogue without even alphabetical 
or subject arrangement is a " perpetual feast "— 
one never knows what may turn up next. Again, 
fairly- good paper should be used, and some of 
the foreign catalogues are very defective in this 
respect, although some very usefully give a ruled 
page on which an order for books can be written 
and folded up and sent by post. Another little 
matter is too often neglected on the bookseller's 
invoice : how he wishes to be paid. His "nearest 
money-order office or his banker should, be named 
on his invoice, and not merely on his catalogue, 
which may (as so often requested) have been " sent 
to a book-loving friend" when the payment is 
made. As to the folding of catalogues for postage, 
too, it should always be vertical along the page, 
and still better backwards ; but this is only a 
matter of personal taste. Sale catalogues should 
have the " day " in brackets on every page. Some 
booksellers are wise enough to add ''book 
postage," which is a great convenience to country 
buyers. It might be thought partial to mention 
any special catalogues, but some are admirable 
and deserve the highest praise. Others, I regret 
to say, are so fall of errors that I have collected 
many choice examples of booksellers' blunders, 
which, by the way, they generally pass on to the 
printers' ''reader." French sale catalogues have 
often a very valuable preface, giving a sketch of 
the collector and an account of the library ; and 
when the "prices and names" are printed (as in 
the Yemeniz and other cases) the " sale catalogue" 
becomes a treasure for reference hereafter. 



Palm Sunday at Missolonohi.— The follow- 
ing is taken from data furnished to me by Mr. 
Colnaghi, for some time Consul at Missolonghi. I 
have ventured to append a note on Marco Botzari 
and to shape my friend's communication into some- 
thing like narrative form : — 

« Palm Sanday Is held in aspeeial honour at Misto- 
loDgbi. It is the anniversary, so to speak, of that famous 
feat of arms whereby the heroic defenders of Missolonghi, 
when reduced to the last extremity daring the second 
siege of the town by the Torki,* cut their way through 

•In 18281 

the besiegers, at the sacrifice of two-thirds of the garri- 
son. Berly in the morning the ' Te Deum * is chanted, 
after which the archbishop, in his robes of state, fol- 
lowed by his clergy, and attended by the ci?il and 
military authoritiM, proceeds in solemn procession to the 
public garden. Here, before the Heroum, or tumulus, 
under which repose the ashes of those who fell during 
the siege, solemn prajers are offered for the repose of 
the souls of those patriots who died in the cause of 
Greece. Between the Heroum and the tomb of Botsari* 
a temporary arch is erected, on which patriotic mottoes 
are insorltled. From the summit of a palm tree, 
which to this day flourishes in front of the Heroum, fly 
three Greek standards. To the left, on the site of a small 
chapel, wherein Byron's body lay in state, a small 
terraced mound has been lately raised. This mound is 
covered with flowers in memory of the poet who gave 
his life to Greece. Ihe summit is crowned with his 
portrait, together with a copy of the decree investing 
him with the privileges of Greek citisenship. At the 
base stands the iron frame of the famous printing-press 
whence arose the first Greek newspaper. On Palm 
Sunday a second similitude of Byron bangs in front of 
the mroum, this being the sole portrait, whether of 
Greek or of alien, that is permitted to figure in the 
festival. The names of those Tallant sons of Greece who 
perished during the sortie are also affixed to the Heroum, 
as a perpetual memorial of heroic self-sacrifice. The 
whole ceremony is brought to a close by a speech from 
the Heroum, in which the orator celebrates the glories 
of ancient Greece, and prophesies the oontinued pro- 
sperity of the country." 

Byron, therefore, is by no means forgotten at 
Missolonehi, albeit the house in which he died^ 
and which stood on the banks of the lagoon, close 
to the landing stage, was unfortunately destroyed 
by the Turks in 1826, immediately upon the capi- 
tuhktion of the town. Richard Edgcumbs. 
88, Tedworth Square, Chelsea. 

The Pokt Thomson and his Suttobkd 
Marriage. — I am desirous of putting it on record 
that I can prove a negative with re^rd to that 
strange story told in Beeordt of my Xt/s, an auto- 
biography of Mr. John Taylor (author of Monsiwr 
Taruan), published in 1832, shortly after his 
death, in which he states that the poet Thomson 
was married in early life, but that, in consequence 
of her humble origin and manners, he disowned 
his wife when he became famous, letting her Uve 
for some time in his house at Richmond as a 
sort of domestic servant, and die at last alone on 
a journey through London to the north. The story 
is given on the authority of George Chalmers, the 
author of Ccdedoniaf who, it seems, told Taylor 
that he had ascertained it from an old housekeeper 
of Thomson's at Richmond, when he was making 
inquiries with a view to writing a life of the poet, 
an intention which he appears, however, never to 

* Marco Botsari, the hero of Agrafa, penetrated, with 
but a handful of followers, into the heart of the Turkish 
camp. The Turkish force numbered eight thousand 
fighting meiu After leading his heroic band over heaps 
of dead, he fell at last, close to the tent of the puha 

6A & IT. Jvu 1^*81.] 



haTe carried out. It conclades with a itatement 
thai the disowned wife after a while asked and 
obtained permission to lea^e Biohmond on a yisit 
to her friends in the north ; that she was taken ill 
in London on the way, and died in Marylebone 
parish, where Thomson, on receiyinff the inteUi- 
TOnoe, ordered her a funeral. Taylor says that 
Uhidmem went on to tell him that he had ex- 
amined the ehnrch register at Marylebone and 
found the following entry, '* Died Mary Thomson, 
a stranger," which he regarded as a complete con- 
finuation of the old housekeeper's story. 

"Thii8weiind,"Ba7i Taylor, " that the letter from 
Thomson to his sitter [alluding to the aflfeotiooate letter 
written in tho Isit josr of his life, whieh is inserted in 
Johason'e XtMt o/ iks Poeti] seeounthig for hie not 
baring married is ikllscioos, sod that his oonoeslment 
of his earlj marriage was the rasolt of pride and shame 
wbon ho beoame acqoainted with Ladj Hertford, Lord 
Ljtteltoti, and all the h1g:h eennezions of his latter days." 

What induced me to examine if poesible this 
aooount was finding it copied into the BioffraphiecU 
Dietianary of Em%n$iU SooUftun of Robert Cham- 
bers (Be7. T. Thomson's revised edition, toL iil. 
pc 447). Now I beg to state that I haTe recently 
examined the register of Marylebone parish (which, 
by-the-bye, is very neatly written and easy of refer- 
ence) during the whole of the time of Thomson's 
residence at Richmond until his death in 1748, 
and haTe found no such entry. The burial list 
contains the name Thomson only once, under date 
October 30, 1745, with simply the words '' Anne 
Thomson" and nothing to indicate her being a 
strsnger, the Christian name iJso being different 
from that given by Taylor. It is hard to belieye 
that the poet's well-known letter to his sister con- 
tains such a falsehood as the story, if true, would 
imply (particularly as there could be no cause of 
conoeslment from her), and I for one shall certainly 
refuse credence to it altogether now that I have 
disproved its details, unless something further 
u brought to light on the subject, 

W. T. Ltkn. 


P.S. — A question I find was asked about it in 
"N. ft Q.** (2«» S.) many years ago, which, how- 
ever, &iled to elicit any definite information. Of 
course it is difficult, at this distance of time, to 
disprove such a story absolutely ; hut, besides being 
inherently improbable, it is now evident that, ob 
tM, there is no truth in it. 

FiBivo RoTAL SALUTBa IN LoNDON. — It may 
perhaps be well to record in the pages of "N.&Q." 
that in the year 1881 a great change has been 
made in the method of firing in St. James's Park. 
These royal salutes are flmren three times a year, 
on the anniversaries of Her Majesty's birthday, 
Aooession day, and Coronation day. It has been 
customary to use on these occasions very small 
ncfftazs celled *' pots," which, although insignifi- 

cant to look at, when loaded with gunpowder 
tightly compressed, gave on their being fired a 
great noise. These "pots" were put on the 
ground on the northern side of the Horse Guards 
parade, and so little show was made that the 
attendance of the public was not very great. This 
year the authorities, taking advantage of. a bat- 
tery of artillery being located in the St. John's 
Wood barracks, have caused it to undertake the 
saluting duties. On each of the three anniver- 
saries a oompany of artillery, with four thirteen- 
pounders, has appeared on the Horse Guards 
parade, the four guns have been taken into St. 
James's Park, and have been fired up the lake in 
a westerly direction. To give more idat to the 
occasion, a company of the Life Guards has joined 
the Artillery in forming a guard of honour and in 
keeping the ground. On the birthday anniversary 
the number of guns fired corresponds with the 
number of years of Her Majesty's age, whilst on 
the other occasions the year of the reign serves as 
a guide for the number of the guns. The time 
of firinff is one o'clock precisely, and the time 
occupied in the celebration about half an hour. 
Further information on royal salutes in the parks 
would be interesting, and some details as to firing 
the guns at the Tower of London would also be 
acceptable. I will conclude by asking if annual 
royal salutes are given anywhere in London be- 
sides in St. James's Park and at the Tower. 

16, Qneen Anne's Gate, 8.W. 

A CoNTEMPORART OF BuRNS. — ^Tho birth-house 
of Burns having been recently acquired by a body 
of trustees, to be henceforward by them kept in 
proper order, I may note that an alleged friend of 
the poet died last May. She was a Mrs. Cunning- 
ham, of Malletsheugh, Meams, and, according to 
the newspaper account, was aged one hundred and 
one years and seven months. ** She was a native of 
Tarbolton, Ayrshire, and was a contemporary of 
Burns, whom she knew intimately/' 

W. G. Black. 


YoRKSHiRS Folk-lore.— A Yorkshire eipres- 
sion, I am told, for something which exactly fits is 
** Even pies and pie-lids." 

E. Walford, M.A. 

Hampstead, N.W. 


We must request correspondents desiring information 
on family matters of only private interest, to affix their 
names and addresses to their queries, in order that the 
answers may be addressed to them direct 

Mr. J. MacCartht's " History of Odr Ow» 
Times ": Abp. Whatblt. — In reading the inter- 
esting and valuable work of Mr. J. MacCarthy, 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [6^8.iy.JuLii6,'si. 

Hiitory of Our (hm 2VmM, an inqairy has been 
fUffgested to me on which I shoald be glad to be 
inrormed. In the fall and exhaustiye list he has 
giren of the leading men of the Victorian era, 
whom he has paint^L with a yiyid and graphic 
touch, and generally with singular fairness, one 
curions omission stands coDspicuous. The name 
of Archbishop Whately, of Dablin, never once 
occurs. And yet the writer cannot be ignorant of 
the prominent part he (the archbishop) took in 
many of the transactions which are described 
with minutest detail in these yolumes. The 
transportation question is only one out of many of 
these. It is well known that Archbishop Whately 
was on the Committee of Inquiry* But his name 
is pointedly omitted, though he was one of the 
foremost in collecting and giving OTidence. 
There must be a cause for this marked exclusion, 
the only one of the kind the book contains. Can 
any of your readers offer a solution ? 


Nkll Gwtnnb at Mill Hill.— Allow me to 
address an inquiry to some of your learned corre- 
spondents who may be familiar with tlie history of 
iMorth London. I should like to obtain some in- 
formation ref^arding the house at Mill Hill, near 
Hendon, which is said to haye been built by 
Charles II. for Nell Gwynne ; and idso to be re- 
ferred to some work or works that may bear upon 
the subject of her residence there. Peter Cunning- 
bam's life of poor Nelly contains nothing about her 
abode at Mill Hill, and I have no access to the 
little-known Memoin by Jolm Seymour, printed 
in 1752. MusTAFSiB. 

Fairfax of Barford. — It is shown by the 
list of lay subsidies for Warwickshire that a ramily 
•of this name has been settled at Barford, co. War- 
wick, or in its neighbourhood, since 6 Edward III., 
«nd members of it have resided there until quite a 
recent dato. Can any of your readers inform me 
when the Fairfaxes first came to Warwickshire, 
and if they were related to the Yorkshire family 
of that name ? An Inquirbr. 

Thomas Campbbll, thb Pobt.— Haying re- 
cently met with some old correspondence in which 
allusion is made to a scheme for appointing Thomas 
Campbell to a professorship in the University of 
Wilna in 1804, I should be gntoful to any one 
who will kindly inform me (writing to me aired) 
where I may find further mention of this scheme. 
It is not referred to in the life of the poet which I 
jaye consulted. 

Alix. Fergusson, Lient.-CoL 

Lennox Street, Edinbttrgh. 

Wab William IV. ah Author ?— What work 
was eyer published or written by King Wil- 
liam lY. ? I ask because in the OinUenum*8 
Magmtine for Sept., 1801, 1 find the name of " Wil- 

liam Henry, Duke of Clarence," suggested as 
worthy to be mentioned in a supplement to 
Horace Walpole's Bayal and Noble Authon. 

£. WalforDi M.A. 
Hampstead, N.W. 

Coins in Ships.— In the following newspaper 
clipping a Question is asked which perhaps some 
reader of ^*N. & Q" may be able to answer. It 
went the round of the Scottish press : — 

"A Kirkwall correspondent writes:— It is a common 
coitom to place coins m the foundation of a new build- 
ing, but hitherto we are not aware of these being em- 
bedded in the 'foundation' of a ship. From a dis- 
covery made the other day in one of the Orkney lal&nds 
this would appear, however, to hare been a custom at 
one time in Spain. Seventeen years ago a Spanieh 
schooner wu wrecked at St. Catherine's, Stronsay, and 
since that time the keel and stem-post have remained 
embedded in the sand. During the recent sprinir tides^ 
howeyer, the wreck was dragged out with ooneiderable 
labour, and the men are expecting to make good wages 
for their yenture from the sale of the copper bolta and 
stem fittings. When the stem-post was separated from 
the keel a copper coin, rolled up in tarred canvas, was 
found carefully embedded in the joint. The coin bore 
the date 1818, was in excellent preseryation, and had 
evidently been placed there when the yessel was builU" 

W. G. Black. 


Bunkir's Hill.— There is a ]>kce so called in 
the parish of Laughton, near Gainsburgh. I am 
not absolutoly certain that the name is old, but 
my father told me that he was quite sure 
it bore that designation before the American 
Bunker's Hill became famous in histoiy. The 
HuU Advertiser of Feb. 20, 1796, tells that ''on 
Wednesday, the 3rd instant, the Duke of Nor- 
thumberland's hounds run a fox to a place called 
Bunker's Hill, near Alnwick, into a yery large 
furze coyer." A Bunker's Hill, near Scarborough, 
is mentioned somewhat doubtfully in the ArchceO' 
logia^ yoL xxz. p. 462. I think, but am not cer- 
tain, that I haye heard of other Bunker's Hills in 
England. Can the deriyation of the name be 
ascertained ? Edward Psacocb:. 

Bottesford Manor, Brigg. 

'^ Anbodotagk." — Mortimer Collins, in his 
Thoughts in my Garden, L 151, speaks of a certain 
book as one '* of pleasant anecdote, produced by a 
man who has reached his anecdotage— to nse a 
pun which Disraeli, the younger, has conyeyed 
from Wilkes, the demagogue." Where or when 
was the word used by Wilkes, and was he the 
inyentor of the pun 1 If not, where does it first 
occur I XiT. 

Thk Parish of Ivibld, Sussiez.^1 am 
desirous of gathering together so much of the past 
history of this parish aft can be found. Will any 
of your readers help me 1 

The second Lord Holies is buried in the oharch 




irith his wife and two daughten. A refry fine 
recambent figure is suppoeed to repiesent Sir 
John de Ifield, 1308. There were eztensiye iron 
foondriee worked in the parish. Three of the 
iarm-hoafles hare moats, and at one time mast 
hare been important. Their names are, Ifield 
Court, Bonwick Place, Scohart Plaoe. 

Any information on any of these or other points 
win be welcopaed. Aubrbt Blakbr. 

St MaryMagdalene'B Paraonsge, Crawley, Sosmx. 

&T. Kbhsuc'b Chafxl.— When this chapel was 
restored, in the year 1848, 1 am told that under- 
neaUi the whitewash upon the plaster were found 
«zten8iye paintings representmg pictorially the 
legend of St. Kenelm. I am also told that these 
pamtings were copied by a lady in the neighbour- 
hood, and afterwards engrayed and published in 
A Birminghun magazine. What magazine, and 
wheni ViGORN. 

A Lbokhd of ths Yallst ot Bocidb at 
LTMTON.—In Black's Chiide to Devon there is a 
sketch of a legend of the Valley of Rocks at 
Lynton. Messrs. Black tell me they have lost 
eight of the writer of that guide, and adyise me to 
apply to you. Can you giye me any assistance in 
findinff the original legend in a more complete 
5l * B. A.1 

Barbkr SxnioBoirs' Hall.— Until how late a 
period were the bodies of malefactors exhibited to 
the public for a fee, and what was the fee ? I find 
ji notice of it as late as 1797. C. A. Ward. 

ScANDiNAyLAH Mttholoot. — Will any one 
recommend the best book on Scandinayian mytho- 
logy 1 0. H. 

Thb Mokolith in Htdb Park.— Can you giye 
me any account of the large irregular monolith 
which Btaods in Hyde Park, in the hoUow at the 
eastern end of the Serpentine ? Calix. 

Gavpsblls of Oarradalb, Arotlbshirb.— 
Will any one assist me with information as to the 
genealogy and Mstory of this ancient family ? 

0. B. 

Arthur Schopbnhaubr.— Can any one tell me 
the name of the clergyman with whom Arthur 
Schopenhauer, the great German philosopher, who 
died in 1860, liyed for a time about the beginning 
of this century at Wimbledon, and whether the 
house there is known ? It would be interesting 
to know this, as Schopenhauer, it appears, was 
much disgusted with his experience of an English 
clerical family. £. S. V, 

" FozBD " Platbs nr Boobb.— In The Library 
(Macmillan & Co., 1881), the custom of tearing 
out the protectiye sheeto of tissue paper aUotted 
to plates is deprecated. My experience is that 
when tha tissue has seryed its purpose, that is to 

say, when the plates are thoroughly dry, it tends 
to "fox" them. Will somebody giye me hui 
experience 1 Tint Tim. 

DoTTBRBL OR DoTBRBL ?— All omithological 
books that I haye seen spell this word with 
double i; all the newspapers that I haye seen, 
including the Timse, spell the name of the ship 
which has met with such a disastrous end witn 
one t only. The Timee seems to haye a propen- 
sity towards dropping one of double letters ; 
writing wagon^ which is no doubt right, and fagot^ 
which seems, like Doieirel^ to be a new form. 

£. Leaton Blbnkinsopp. 

Aftbrnook Tba. — When did this modem 
usage of afternoon or fiye o'clock tea first come into 
fasten ; and did not a similar custom preyail in 
the last century ? A. 0. B. 

" Thb Mothbr Hitff Cap."— There is an old 
publio-house in this yillage bearing this sign« 
What is the meaning of the name? Tradition 
yaries a good deal, some saying that it is named 
after a character in one of Slutkespeare's plays ; 
others after a bird ; and others after a pear tree 
that once grew in the field opposite. 

Damibl B. Batcliff. 

Great line, Warwiokshire. 

NcTKiSKATic.— The following is a description 
of a handsome silyer coin, in size resembling an 
old fiye-shilling piece, but in style of design yery 
much like the present florin :~Oby., "Victoria 
dei gratia britanniar. reg: f: d." Profile bust to 
the riffht crowned. Bey., "tueatur unita deus 
anno dom VDOCXSXLyn." Four shields crowned : 
on the first and third, England ; second, Scotland; 
and fourth, Ireland ; in the first and third quarters 
a rose, and in the second and fourth a thistle 
and a shamrock respectiyely ; in the centre, a 
cross surrounded by the garter, with the legend 
" Hon! soit qui mal y pense " ; on the edge, in 
raised letters, "decus et tutamen anno regni 
undecimo." Am I right in supposing this to be 
the crown piece which was said to haye been 
prepared by Wyon but was neyer used ? I should 
be glad to haye some information about this coin, 
and also (assuming that my supposition Ss correct) 
to know the reason why this design was abandoned. 

G. F. B. B. 

Ltnstbad Ghttrch: Wbslbt Faicilt. — In 
Sir Stephen Glynne's notes on this church, in his 
ChuTMe of Ketit^ it is stated "there is here a 
post-Beformation brass to John Wesley and Alice 
his wife." Is the inscription on this brass printed 
anywhere f Has this John Wesley any connexion 
with the founder of Methodism t £. W. B. 

Authors of Books Wahtbd.-^^^^'^^ 
<* An Essay for composing a Harmony betwean the 
PMhns and other parU of tha Seriptora; bat aspaoially 


NOTES AND QUERIES. («* b. iv. jolt w, 'si. 

the New Testament; wherein the Sapplicatory and 
Prophetick part [stc] of this Sacred Book are disposed 

under proper Heads. Second Edition London, printed 

by J. Downing in Bartholomew Close, mdocxxxii." 

AuTHOBS OF Quotations Wanted. — 
" For sluggard's brow the laurel nerer grows : 
Benown is not the child of indolent repose." 



(6«»S.iiL60a) . 
ThiB personage, whose name is of some import- 
ance in the annals of Unitarianism, was bom at 
Sedgley, near Wolverhampton, in Staffordshire, 
where, according to his own statement, ''his 
ancestors had lived above eleven hundred years, 
ever since the Saxons conqaered the Britons." He 
carried on business as a mercer and grocer in 
Wolverhampton for many years, made a fortune, 
and built with his savings "a little town, con- 
sisting of eighteen brick houses, which still (1817) 
bears the names of Elwall's Buildings." Among 
other crotchets he held that the seventh day of the 
week was to be observed for ever as the Sabbath, 
and accordingly was wont to close his shop on 
Saturdays and Keep it open on Sundays. He wore 
a beard when no one else did, and hence was re- 
membered and spoken of for years after his death 
as *' Jew Elwall " by the lower orders of the town 
where he had lived. In his publications he advo- 
cated the unity of the Gbdhead, and thus brought 
upon himself the animosity of the clergy of the 
Establishment, who at length procured an indict- 
ment against him for blasphemy and heresy. On 
this he was tried before Judge Denton, in 1726, at 
the Stafford Assizes, when he appeared in long 
flowing beard and a Turkish dress, '' out of respect 
for the Unitarian faith of the Mahometans.*' He 
was permitted to plead in person to the indict- 
ment, and in the end was informed that he misht 
leave the court a free man, but whether by a tor- 
mal acquittal of a juij or as the result of some 
technical informality it does not clearly appear. 
After the trial he proceeded to London, where he 
became a member of the ** Seventh Day Baptist 
Church" at Mill Tard, Goodman's Fields. He 
also in his later days frequented, and sometimes 
spoke in, the religious meetings of the Quakers, 
thus leading Lindsey to give him erroneously the 
distinctive title of the sect. He died in London 
at an advanced age, in or about the year 1746, 
leaving behind him the reputation of an honour- 
able, charitable, and pious man. 

When Dr. Joseph Priestley was living at Leeds 
in 1772, a Quaker friend lent him an original copy 
of El wall's trial This, he savs in a letter to Theo- 
philus Lindsey, was " the only one " he ever saw, 

and he determined to reprint it He had con- 
siderable difficulty in ascertaining the exact date 
of the trial, but fixed it at bst as in 1726. The 
title of this reprint, which is from the ^'seoond 
edition," and lies before me, is : — 

" An Appeal to the Serious and Candid Professors of 
Ghristianitj on sstreral Important Subjects. Bj £. Blwall. 
To which is added an Account of his Trial for Heresy 
and Blasphemy, at Stafford Assises, before Judge Denton. 
The Third Edition, with Improvements, &c. Birming- 
ham: Printed by M. Swinney, No. 21, in New Street, and 
sold by J. Belcher, at his Circulating Library, Bdgbaston 
Street " (1772), small 8to., pp. 52. 

A copy of this trial (of which 2,000 were issued, 
the expense being borne by the printer) having 
been lent by Sir John Pringle to James Boswell,. 
the latter was led to make allusion to Elwall at 
the tea-table of Mrs. Williams : — 

<' Sir," replied Dr. Johnson, " Mr. Elwal was, I think,, 
an ironmonger at Wolverhamption ; and he had a mind 
to make himself famous, by being the founder of a new 
sect, which he wished much should be called ElwaUians, 
He neld that every thing in the Old Testament that wa» 
not tjpical, was to be of perpetual observance ; and so> 
he wore a riband in the plidts of his coat, and he also- 
wore a beard. I remember I had the honour of dhiine^ 
with Mr. Elwal. There was one Barter, a miller, wh» 
wrote against him ; and you had the controversy between 
Mr. Elwal and Mr. Barter. To try to make himself 
distinguished, he wrote a letter to King Qeorge th«> 
Second, ehallengins him to dispute with him, in which 
he said, ' George, if jou be afraid to come by yourself to 
dispute with a poor old man, you may bring a thousand 
of your frtodb-guards with you ; and if you should still b* 
afraid, you may bring a thousand of your reeC-guards.' 
The letter had something of the impudence of Juniuatoi 
our present king. But the men of Wolverhampton were 
not so inflammable as the common council of London ;. 
so Mr. Elwal failed in his scheme of making himself a 
man of great consequence." — Boswell's Johfuou, chap*, 

Dr. Priestley and J. W. Croker look upon thi» 
trial naturally from two different standpoints. 
The former says, " It is impossible for an unpre^ 
judieed person to read this account of it, which i» 
written with so much true simplicity, perspicuity^ 
and strength of evidence, without feeling the^ 
greatest veneration for the writer, the fullest con- 
viction of his love of the truth, and a proportionable- 
zeal in maintaining it''; the latter, '* This is rather 
the rambling deckmation of an enthusiast thaor 
the account of a trial." Once more, on a later- 
day, the name of Elwall turned up when Johnson* 
and Boswell were discussing the subject of tolera- 
tion. The latter threw " your countryman Elwal "" 
into the teeth of the doctor, who replied, " My 
countryman, Elwal, sir, should have been put io 
the stocks— a proper pulpit for him : and he 'd 
have had a numerous audience. A man who> 
preaches in the stocks will always hare hearers 

A few scattered remarks upon Elwall and the 
republication of his " Trial " will be found in The 
L%f€ and Corrtapondme^ of Jot^h FrietUeyi^ b^ 




John Towill Rait, London, 1832, 2 TOI0., 8yo.; 
and some account of his *' sufferings and testi- 
mony " is given by the Rey. Theophilus Llndsey, 
A.M., in Us Sequel to the Apology on Ruigning 
the Vieajoge of CatUrick, 1776, Svo. 

I hare before me another edition of the trial, 
entitled : — 

" Tho Triumph of Traih ; being an Account of the 
Trial of Mr. Blwall before Judgs l^enionp for publisbing 
a Book in Defence of the Unity of God; at Stafford 
Asiizei^ in the year 1726, fto. DundaOj iij>cc.xcii/' 
8fa pp. 12. 

In the preface to this the editor, Dr. Priestley, 
remarks that since his fiat reissae he ** has had 
the pleasore of knowing many of Mr. Elwall's 
acqaaintance, and particularly Mr. John Martin, 
of Skill's Park, between Birmingham and Alces- 
ter, who was present at the trial.'' This gentle- 
man was at this time in his eighty-fourth year, 
and perfectly remembered the cTent. Every one, 
he said, was struck with the tall figure, the white 
hair, the large beard, and the flowing garment of 
Mr. ElwalL He spoke for an hour with great 
gravity, fluency, and presence of mind ; and de- 
ponent further states that during the trial ''he 
was struck with the resemblance of it to that of 

The manifestations of religious sentiment seem 
marked by the periodicity which is observed in 
the pathology of disease, and in accordance with 
this, Elwauum seems to have broken out once 
more at the period mentioned by your correspon- 
dent. I have also one of these rebsues : — 

' The Triomph of Truth. An Accoont of the Trial, 

kc, for Heretj and Blasphemy, said to be contained in 
a Book published by him in Defeuoe of the Unity of 
Ood, ke, Liverpool, 1817." 8ro. pp. 8. 

This is a bare reprint of the so-called " Trial,'' as 
originally published by Elwall, without the pre- 
face of I>r. Priestley. I have finally : — 

" Memoir of Edward Elwall, who was Tried, ko^ for 
writing a Book in Defence of the Unity of God against 
the Errors of Tritheitts or Trinitarians. Liverpool, 
Printed and sold by f. B. Wright, &c., 1817." 8vo. 

^ From this and the other pieces I have men- 
tioned a pretty complete Elwallian bibliographv, 
if it were worth the trouble, might be compiled ; 
and further allusions to Elwall will be found in 
the Monthly BepotHory, ziL 386 and zviL 73. 

I need hardly say that the appellations " Tri- 
theists ** and '* Trinitarians,'' employed on the title- 
page of the tract last cited as signi^ing religionists 
holding the same opinions, have been apj^ed to 
those whose distinctive tenets were bitterly at 
variance. In illustration of this, no less than as 
appropriate to the subject, I transcribe the title of 
a scarce and carious volume before me : — 

'* A Short History of Valentinas OenUliaihe Trithelsi, 
Tryed, Condemned, and put to Death by the Protestant 
jtdTonned City and Church of Bem in Swiiaerland, for 
AMerting the Three Divine Persons of the Trinity to be 

ithree Ditiincl, EUnuil SpiriU, &c.]. Wrote in LaHn 
by Binedxclut Aretiut, a Divine of that Church ; and 
now Translated into Englith for the use of Dr. Sherlock. 
Humbly Tendred to the Consideration of the Aroh> 
bishops and Bishops of this Church and Kingdom. 
London, 1696." Small 8to. pp. 136. 

The title of the original is :— 

'* Valentini Qentilis teterrimi hareticl impietaium ac 
triplicis perfidsB et periuril breuis Explicatio, ex Actis 
publicis Senatus Geneuenais optima fide descripta. 
GenevaB, 1667." BmalUto. 

William Bates, B.A. 


Edward Elwall was a native of Sedgley, near 
Wolverhampton, and by occupation a mercer and 
grocer ; he made a fair fortune, and built a con- 
siderable number of houses, which went by the 
name of Elwalrs Buildings. He was a man of a 
serious and inquisitive turn of mind, and amongst 
other matters took up the question of the true 
Sabbath day, which he affirmed to be Saturday, 
and not Sunday. In consequence he closed his 
shop on Saturdays and opened it for business on 
the Sundays ; this caused the common people to 
consider him a Jew, aud in consequence he pub- 
lishcd the little volume which led to his trial, 
entitled : — 

" A True Testimony for God and for His Sacred Law ; 
being a Plain, Honest Defence of the Ten Command- 
mente of God." 12mo. 1724, pp. 72. 

This was replied to by Chubb, and Elwall then 
brought out : — 

"A True Testimony for God, and for His Sacred 
Law ; being a Plain and Honest Defence of the Fourth 
Commandment of God, in answer to a Treatise entitled 
• The Beligious Observation of the Lord's Day, accord- 
ing to the Express Words of the Fourth Commandment' " 
12mo. 1724, pp. 71. 

He was indicted for heresy and blasphemy at 
the Stafford Assizes in 1726, was permitted to 
plead his own defence, which he did with great 
firmness and presence of mind, and was acquitted. 
He then printed :— 

'* The Triumph of Truth ; being an Account of the 
Trial of Mr. Elwall for Heresy and Blasphemy. London, 
Johnson. Price one penny." 

There were several editions of this little tract, 
amongst others one was brought out by Dr. Prieet- 
ley. After his trial he published another small 
pamphlet, entitled Dagon fallen hrfore the Ark of 
Ood; and some years subsequently he printed 
The Supematwral Incarnation of Jeeue Chritt 
proved to he FaUe^ London, 12mo. 1742, pp. 48. 

Being absent from my library, I am unable to 
give a complete list of Mr. Elwall's publications at 
present The dedication of his True TeetifMny to 
" all honest, humble Men and Women" is dated 
"Wolverhampton, 8"» day, 3»* month, 1724"; 
and Lindsey, in the sequel to his Apology, speaks 
of Elwall as being " one of the Christian People 
called Quakers." This, however, was not the case, 




for thoagh he conformed to some of their pecu- 
liarities, and sometimes attended their meetings, 
jet he was not really a Quaker. 

Edward Sollt. 
Sutton, Surrey. 

Mr. Hole's BrUf Biographical Dictionary 
(1866) gives, ''Elwall, Edward, politician and 
polemiccd writer, died 1745.*" I have a copy of 
the so-called Triumph of Truihy in which is men- 
tioned the author's second edition, from which 
this was "Reprinted by J. H. and W. F. (Heb. 
xi. 4). St. Ives, Printed by T. Bloom ; and sold 
by J. Johnson, St. Paul's Church-yard ; J. Deigh- 
ton, Holbom, London ; and by the Booksellers in 
Cambridge, Oxford and Canterbury, 1788. [Price 
two pence]," pp. 12 (beside twenty-eight lines of 
Pre&ce and fourteen of Advertisement). 

Che. W. 

CoNTBRS OF North Toreshire (6**» S. iv. 8). — 
The reference given in the editorial note to Surtees 
Soc. voL zxxvL p. 340, is to a pedigree of Conyers 
of Bowlby, Langbargh Wapentake, in Dngdale's 
Visitation of Yorkshvre, 1666-6. With regard to 
this Yisitation I may, perhaps, usefully mention 
the following particulars. The pedigree entered 
gives five generations, commencing with Leonard 
Conyers of Whitby, and ending with Nicholas, Wil- 
liam, Robert, and Raphe, great-grandsons of Leonard. 
The descents are (1; Leonard, father of (2) Nicho- 
las (died 1636, vd eirca\ father of (3) Robert (died 
1640, or thereabouts), father of (4) Nicholas, " »t. 
37 annor., 8 Sept., anno 1666," father of (5) the 
Kicholas already mentioned, who is described as 
" ffit. 11," on Sept. 8, 1666. The arms allowed to 
this family by Dugdale are, " Az , a maunche or, 
over all a bend gobony gu. and erm. Crest : a 
bull's head erarod or, horned and maned sa., 
pierced through the neck with an arrow of the last 
feathered and barbed arg., vulned gu." 

There are some wills of Conyers, very valuable 
for genealogical purposes, in T$$tame7Ua Ebora- 
^ensia (Surtees Society), vols. L, ii and iii., relat- 
ing to members of the families of Sockburne, 
Ormesby, and Hornby. Those specially to be 
noted are Test, Ebor,^ ii. 64, being the will of 
Sir John Conyers of Ormesby, June 2, 1438 ; and 
vol. iii. p. 287, the will of Christopher Conyers, 
chaplain, and Rector of Rudby^ of which last Mr. 
Baine says that it ^ throws great light upon the 
history of one of the most widely branching and 
influential families in the north." 

Two other volumes of the Surtees Society's pub- 
lications should be consulted for Conyers wills, 
viz.. Wills and Inventories, and Eichmondshire 
WiUs, both edited by Mr. Raine. 

The latest references which I can give are to 
Misc. Oen, et Her., voL ill New Series, p. 22, 

* Or thereaboati. 

where is recorded the marriage of Elizabeth, 
daughter and heir of Darcy Conyers of Holtby, in 
Hornby; and the Qeneatogist for July (voL v., 
No. 39), p. 219, which extracts from the registers 
of Pickering, co. York, records of the marriage of 
'' Elizabeth Coniers," 1653, and the buriid of 
"Ralph Conyers, gen.," 1678. 

C. H. E. Carhichael. 
New TTniversity Club, S.W. 

" The Yellow Book" (6«» S. liL 448 ; iv. 16). 
— The book thus designated was probably a scan- 
dalous or scurrilous production relating to the 
conduct of the Prince and Princess of Wales ; it 
may have derived its name either from the fact 
that it first appeared in a yellow-coloured wrapper, 
or it may have obtained the designation "yellow" 
in indication of its contents, yellow being con- 
sidered the type of jealousy, inconstancy, and 
adultery. It is very probable that the book so 
nicknamed was The Proceedings and Carter 
spondencs upon the Suhicet of the Enquiry into the 
Conduct of Her Boyal Highness the Princess of 
Wales, London, 8vo., printed by Richard Edwards, 
1807, pp. 246, and appendix 108. It is well known 
that the copies of this book were not permitted to 
come into general circulation ; very few, then, saw 
it, and it was practically withdrawn. Every one 
was talking about it, but probably hardly any one 
knew the colour of the paper wrapper in which it 
was bound; it certainly soon was called The Book, 
and this was the title under which most of the 
numerous subsequent editions of it were printed. 
The edition of 1807 though withdrawn was not 
destroyed ; years'afterwards many copies came into 
the hands of booksellers, and they are now by no 
means scarce. All those which I have seen are 
stitched in a dirtv pale pink paper wrapper, but it 
is quite possible that those first made up had yellow 
wrappers. The question, therefore, now is, can 
any evidence be given that copies of the book 
exist, or have been seen, done up in yellow paper f 

There is another book, of the same time and 
subject, which might have been called "the 
yellow book," entitled Boyal Investigation, &c, 
by a Serjeant-at-Law, I^ndon, 12mo., printed 
by D. N. Shuiy. 1807, pp. 189. This came out in 
a blue cover with a laige yellow label, bearing the 
rovflJ arms at the top. The book which was then 
called the yeUow nook was, however, probably 
the original and more important one, at first styled 
The Proceedings^ &c., and subsequently The Book, 
Of this latter there were many editions. Mr. 
Thoub, who has perhaps the most complete 
collection in existence, would confer a favour on 
many " bookworms " if he would give us a biblio- 
graphical note on the several editions. 

Edward Sollt. 

Rice : Rise (6^ S. ill 428) means tops of trees, 
sticks, thorns, broshwood, A.-S. hris. The word 

«*aiv.juiTi6.'8i.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


ia common in the older English, hat is, perhape, 
now obsolete. I giye a few examples out of many 
that I hare met with : — 

" Her coulour is red as rose on rise." 
Libius DuconiuSf 1. 1340, Percy Folio, ii. 464. 
** In the midst of a garden there sprange a tree. 
Which tree was of a mickle price, 
And there rppon sprang the rose so redd. 
The goodliest that eoer sprang on rise." 

The Boh of England, I 8 ; Jbid, in. 189. 
"And on a day he seighe him biside, 
Sexti leuedis on hors ride, 
Oentil and jolif as brid on ris." 

Scott's MimtrtUy of the SeoUUk Border. 
ed. 1861, u. 287. 
" The Nunnery of Moleely in ClsTeland had a piece of 
land called Fewle Ryce which was accounted for at 16«. 
in the 29th of Henry VIII. It was uo doubt the place 
where brushwood grew for UireV—Moiuislicon Angli- 
tanum, ir. 568. 

** To William Kyng for a lode of rysse ooeupyed for 
the defence of the est felde xdJ'-^Louth Ckurehmardem' 
Aceounitj 1£36. 

'* Thre lodes of rise leddinge to the east felde for 
hedgince, iijt. For hedginge the same rise, ij«. liM"— 
Ibid. 1688. 

" The streets were barrieadoed up with ehainesy har- 
rowes, and wagoons of bavins or Rise-bushes."^i2sto- 
latiom iif Uke Aeium before Cyrencuter, 4to., 1642. p. 4. 

" The Pikes marehing forwards to the lane, by turn- 
ing aside a wsggon of Rise-Bushes, deered the avenue.'' 
-y Wtf, p. 8. 

Edward Psaoock. 
Bottesford Manor, Brigg. 

The word applied to snch dead branches in 
Shropshire is irouu. Other words connected with 
the science of hedging are as follows^ yerbs. to 
tine, to pleach, to plash ; nouns, ethering, samplers, 
brash, fryth, zache, talwood, talshide, bast, gap, 
glat. Some of these are obsolete, and of the rest, not 
all are used in Shropshire, but ^oims or troioss is 
used at the present day. Boilbau. 

Last August I sent the following to the Surrey 
Adveriiier. The editor kindly printed it, but no 
answer appeared : — 

** Gilbert White, the well-known naturalUt, in aletUr 
dated Selbome, Oct. 4(b, 1775, save, 'Our people here, 
yoo know, call coppice- wood or heajge-wood rice or rite. Is 
this word still in use in that neighbourhood ? And is it 
also known in Surrey 1 " 

Perhaps the repetition of my queiy in ** N. & Q." 
may call forth a reply which may satisfy both Mb. 
HoBSFALL TuBMEB and myself. Jatdbb. 

This is doubtless from the Icelandic hrU, which 
dearly renders "shrubs, brushwood," and com- 
pares with A.-S. hris, Chaucer's m or rys ; Dan. 
n«, Sw. m, G. nii. Conf. Lye's " hrU, frondes, 
col 03.'' See also HaUiwell, under <'Bice," 
"Rue"; and Dr. Johnson's Diet,, by Todd, under 

Kse." E. S. Oharhock. 

U, Adelphi Terrace. 

This word is in common use in Northumber- 

land, Durham, and Lancashire. When a fence is 
made of stakes with dead thorns twined in, it is 
called a " rice-hedge." 

K Lkatoh BxiBbkibsopp. 

Thb Fifb Earldoic (6^ S. iil 308, 435).— I 
apprehend that the designation of any peer simply 
follows the terms of the patent creating him such. 
Earl Fife was probably so termed because all his 
honours were Insh, not Scotch, and when he was 
elevated to an earldom he would hardly be desig- 
nated of Fife, which was notoriously not in Lre- 

As a case in point to Hbrmbbtbttdb's ouestion, 
I may mention that of the Marquess Camden. 
This was not the family name, which was Pratt, 
but the first peer was gazetted Baron Camden of 
Camden Place, Een^ a designation probably 
originally suggested by the memory of the cele- 
brated antiquary and mstorian, who had been the 
owner of property there, as there is not— or was not 
then — any place so named in England. 

The case of the Earl of Lytton, which seems the 
converse of the former, may be explained by the 
fact that the noble loid traces his ancestry up to 
Sir Bobert de Lytton, of Lytton, in the county of 
Derby, who was Comptroller of the Household to 
Henry IT., a.d. ctrea 1400. Carlton. 

I think that there can be no doubt as to the 
proper title of this earldom. Mr. Serjeant Burke, 
in the Heraid and Genealogist, voL iv. p. 371 » 
states that in the patent the peer is expressly 
designated " Earl Fife," not " Earl of Fife." 

B. a w. 

Hbrmbntrudb is quite right. We speak of 
Earl Grey, Earl Nelson, but of the Earl of War- 
wick. By a special providence the printer was 
lately prevented Ifrom placing *' Earl Beaconsfield " 
on the title-page of a little ^oc^ure of mine, and 
from making me the author of a life of '* Earl 
Beaconsfield/' I should never have recovered 
from having such vulffarity inflicted on me ; and 
I almost doubt whetner I ought not to have 
offered pubUc thanks in church for my escape. 
£. Walvord, M.A. 

Hempstead, K.W. 

GiBLBio (C* S. iiL 408).— I can answer Dr. 
Nicholson's query to some extent by referring 
him to The Second Part of the Booke of BaUaiUsy 
London, printed for Gabriel Cawood, 1587, 4to.9 
black letter (foL 31, verso). The compiler says 
that the battle of Giblou, in Brabant, was '* fought 
betwene Don lohn de Austria and Monsieur de 
Gugny, Generall of the armie of the States in the 
absence of the Comte de Lalaing, In An. Do. 
1578, the last of lanuarie." The "overthrow** 
occurred thus :— n t h k 

" When the Prince of PsrmS,' ml S)as formost In the 
field with a valiant knight oaUed the Lord of B1U7, 


NOTES AND QUERIES. !«» a. iv. Jva it, tu 

otherwiw Colonell Boblen, adaanced to eocountor and 
charge hia enimtes, tbej fledde at the fint reeneounter 
without ania retiatanee, and fljing they oner-ranne and 
defaited the eaquadron of their owne footemen, which 
were in the waie that they ahonld paaae. And In the 
meane time the people of Don lohn being come in, fol- 
lowed the horaemen that fled, and perfected the defait 
of the eaquadron and aloe, atille following the Tictorie 
vntill they draue them into Oiblon." 

The town soon aflerwarda sarrendered. 

Alfred Wallib, 

The fint part of the name is doubtless from 
Arabic jdbdl^ a mountain. Tour oorrespondent 
mi^ht consult Zeden, Lamartini^re, Madaz, Lem- 
pri^re, under "Gab," "Geb," "Gib," and Tre- 

gelles's Oetmiui, under 73il- 

R. S. Gharhock. 
lA, Adelphi Terrace. 

The Htmn "Rock of Agu" (6*^' S. iiL 428). 
— The line " Rock of Israel, cleft for me," occurs 
on p. 21 of the fourth edition of J. and G. Wesley's 
Hymm en the Lord's Supper, 1757, now before 
me, and is in the first edition, 1745. Toplady's 
byran was not published as a whole till March, 
1776, when it appeared in the Ooipd Magasniu, 
of which Toplady was then editor. The first 
couplet of the first verse and the third of Terse 
three are, howeyer, inserted in an article by Top- 
lady in the Ootpel Afo^osine for September, 1775. 
The hymn, very slightly altered, was reprinted in 
Toplady's ColUetionj the preface to which is dated 
July, 1776 ; and it is unfortunate that in the 
PoiUeal Bemaim, 1860, in Lord Selbome's Book 
of Praise, and in nearly all our hymnals Toplady's 
latest reyision of his famous hymn should not hare 
been adhered to. One or two additions to the 
Poetical Remains have come to light since Mr. 
Sedgwick's edition of I860. 

Will. T. Brooks. 

167, Richmond Road, Hackney, B. 

The first edition of Toplady's hymns in 1776 
has on pp. 308, 309, the hymn in question, 
cccxxxvii. "A Prayer, Living and I^ing," be- 
ginning " Rock of Ages," as usually printed, save 
that in the last verse the first two lines are : — 
« WhUe I draw this fleeting breath— 
When my eye-striugs break in death." 

In the Hymns on the Lord's Supper published 
by the Wesleys, the first edition (which is 
" Bristol, printed by Felix Farley, x.DcaxLy "), 
hymn xxviL, at p. 21, begins, — 

" Bock of lirael, cleft for me, 

For Of, for all mankind," &e., — 

^nite a different production from Toplad^s, except 
in the partial resemblance in the first Lne^ which 
was p^bably in Toplady's mind when he wrote 
his own hymn. The first edition of the Hymns on 
the Lord's Supper has olxvL hymns on 141 pages, 

preceded by a preface of thirty-two pages including 
the title. W. £. Buoklkt. 

Your correspondent has surely confounded two 
hymns which are entirely distinct, and written by 
different authors. The hymn ''Rock of Agee, 
deft for me," is by Toplady, and is so well known 
as to need no further remark. The hymn ** Rock 
of Israel, deft for me," is by Wesley (probably 
Charles), and was fint published in jETymiif on the 
Lord's Supper (1746X and, with the exception of 
a slight vanation in one line, continued unaltered 
down to the eleventh edition (1825). The eighth 
line of the first verse reads, 

*' And by thy death to Uve/' 
in the editions of 1746, 1751, 1757, 1762, 1869 
(Dr. Osbom's) and 1871. But it reads, 

"And by thy dying liTC," 
in the editions of 1747, 1771, 1776, 1786, 1794, 
1825. And from this it will be seen that 
the edition of 1871 (publUhed bv Bull & Co., 
edited by Dutton) does not follow the tenth 
edition, 1794. Respecting Toplady's hymn, I 
may notice a variation from the original in the 
first line. In the Selection of Hymns compiled 
by Gadsby (second edition^ 1816)^ it reads, 

by - , - 

*' Rock of Ages, shelter me." Will the Editor allow 
me to say that I should be glad to hear from any 
reader of " N. & Q." who has a copy of Cennick ■ 
hynms that he can spare ? 

Frakcu M. Jackson. 
Bowdon, Cheshire. 

" Plat old goo8KBBRRT"(6*'» S. iiL 429).— Dr. 
Brewer, in his Dictionary of Phrase and Fahle^ 
gives the following meaning of " To play old goose- 
berry with any one " : — 

"He took great liberties with my property* and 
greatly abiued it : in fact, he made gooMberry fool of it 
(lee Gooseberry Fool), whioh is a oomiption of gooee- 
berry foul, «'.«., fouU, milled, mashed, preised. The 
French have fonl6 des pommei; foai6 dee nueini; 
foal6 dee groseiUea, our gooseberry fool." 

I am unable to discover when the phrase fint 
came into use. John Colbbbook. 

See " N. & Q.,** 3^* S. xiL 208. F. Madah. 
Bodleian Library, Oxford. 

**Fbkd a cold and starys a fbver" (6*^ S. 
ill 429). — I have been accustomed to hear this 
saying quoted by Kent people as meaning that "a 
cold is to be fed, and a fever is to be starved.* 
So Mark Twain took it in the popular sense. 

Qbo. Rbdwat. 

I have always heard it '< Stuff a cold," &c The 
expression is elliptical, for '* [if you] stuff a cold, 
[you will have to] starve a fever.'' 

£. LiATOM Blknkimsofp. 

A Warwickshirk Phrasb (6«* S. iiL 430).— 
The expression, made almost classical by Artemns 

6» a IV. Jolt 16, "81.1 



Ward, that a certain atrocious act was *^ enough 
to make a man throw stones at his grandmother/' 
aeemi to haye its origin from the same source. 

A. H. 

« Memorials of Two Sistbbs ** (fi^ S. iil 448). 
—The kindnewi of my old friend F. J. F. enables 
me to answer my own query on this subject ; for 
I hold that every question asked in " N. & Q." 
ahoold also, if of any general interest, receive its 
answer there. The two ladies were two of the 
listen of my master — for such he was and is to 
me — the lato Frederick Denison Maurice. 

A. J. M. 


81ZTURTH AND Sbtbntbknth Centuribs (6^ S. 
It. 4). — I am rather surprised Dr. Jessopp does 
not give a better instance of Burre's publications 
(anUj p. 6) than The Trade*$ Increase, He was 
the publisher of Sir Walter Raleigh's History of 
tk6 fVorld, a for more important and ambitious 
work. The copy in my possession bears on the 
wonderfully illustrated title-page, ^'At London, 
Printed for Walter Brrre, 1614,'' and the imprint 
&t the end is as follows, " London, Printed by 
William Stansby for Walter Burre, and are to be 
fl(dd at his shop in Paules Churchyard at the sign 
of the Cmne, 1614." I may give some further 
names from books in my possession at a future 
date. Edward T. Dunn. 

15^ Queen's Terrace Hammersmith, W. 

Boov-Datb (6* S. iiL 449 ; ir. 13).— -Boom or 
boon-days were a relic of the base tenure under 
the feudal system, by which the tenant was bound, 
either in person or by deputy, to give a certain 
amount of labour to the lord, usually at shearing 
time. The term is, I think, limited to the 
northern counties. Jamieson quotes Grose, '*To 
hooHy to do aenrice to another, as a copyholder is 
hound to do to the lord." The term is also used 
for the statute serrice due from the occupiers of 
land in aiding to repair the roads. Capons or 
rent hens at Christmas and so many boon-days at 
shearing are very common stipulations in old Lanca- 
shire leases, and were nominally continued to a 
recent period, if they are now altogether extinct. 

The deriration may be either from A.-S. buan, 
to cnltiTate, to till, or from bonds land, land held 
under restrictions, copyhold. J. A. Picton. 

HovomncABiLiTUDiNiTT (6** S. It. 29). — 
When I was at school, about the years 1813-16, 
thb word was used in a small text-hand engraved 
copy for nenmanship. I well remember the curi- 
osity I then had to discoyer its meaning. The 
schoolmaster of those days was often unapproach- 
able, his boys as often shy. But I inquured of 
ot^ without gaining any information. As I 
grew dder consideration prompted that it was 
DMiely a collection of eleren two-lettered syllables 

chosen to form a meaningless word, easily and 
trippingly pronounced, containing moat of the 
letters of the alphabet and suited as a text copy 
for duly filling up a long line correctly. The word, 
if such it should be called, contains fourteen dif- 
ferent letters, and includes repetitions of o, i, and 
tf and so only twelye letters of the alphabet are 

I haye not seen or heard the word since the 
aboye-mentioned period of my life. It does not 
occur in my '*Tluee and Twentieth Edition" of 
Bailey's Dictxo7iary ; but I sometimes find myself 
mentally muttering the word, thus manifesting 
how nonsense prevails. A Seftuaoenarian. 

The meaning of this polysyllabic word, accord- 
in to Maunder, is '^ honour in the highest degree 
(in a burlesque sense)." Bailey derives the word 
from honoriJuxdnlittuiinitMf a word not given in 
my Latin dictionary. Shakespeare seems to give 
the ablatiye case of the Latin noun. 

Ashford, Kent 

In Lov^s Labour 's Lost, V. i., Costard used the 
word honorificabilitudinitaixbusy somewhat longer 
than the word in question. Halliwell, without 
referring to Shakespearo's use of the word, tells 
us *' it frequently occurs in old plays." 


"Soothest" in "Comus,** 823 (6«» S. iiL 248, 
411, 452). — Grimm must have an uneasy time of 
it if he turn himself whensoever the speech of the 
people infringes his law. To a Lincolnshiro man 
a lat and a lath are one ; to a Torkshireman in 
Holdemess and elsewhere maath*ur, buoth'ur, and 
three stand for matter, butter, and tree; and 
Milton's highth is generally height with most 
educated speieikers. St. Swithin. 

Apple Folk-lore (6**» S. iL 265, 395).— In an 
article on " Modern Apple-lore,'' by Dr. Bull, in 
the recently published Herefordshire Pomona, it is 
stated as follows : — 

" The importance of a fraifcfal year has given rite to 
many country ■ayings and omens with reference to 
apple-treee. In Derbyshire and many other counties 
there is a prevalent notion that if the aunehinei through 
the apple trees on Chriitmas Day there will be an abun- 
dant crop of apples the following year. The danger of 
an early ipring aa shown by the apple-tree coming 
into leaf too precociously is well expressed by the rural 
distich :— 

* March dust on an apple-leaf 
Brings all kinde of fruit to grief.* 
Or again, if the blosaoms are too early it is said :— 
' If the apple-tree blossoms in Maroh, 
For barrels of cider you need not sareh,* 
because yon certainly will not find them ; but— 

' If the apple-tree blossoms in May, ^ 

Tou can eat apple-dumplings erery day. ^ 

If, however, the apple-tree should blossom when the 
fruit is ripe on the tree superstition steps in, it is an 




omen of eftlamity, and ia mid to beiokmi a forthcoming 
death in the owner'i family,— 

'A bloom upon the apple-tree when the applei are ripe, 
Ib a sure termination to ■omebody'B life ': 
which is to charmingly general that it it not to be die- 
pnted. The oecurrenoe waa to tcit common in 1878 
uiat the mortality, to nipport the mying properly, wonld, 
indeed, hare been terrific Applet are not nnfreqaently 
need as a charm to care warta. The apple if cut m half, 
and each half being rubbed on the warta, they are placed 
together and bnried in aecrecy. Ai the apple decayi 
irirta diaappear." 

away lo too ahould th« wirta i 

Edwih L1X8, F.L.S. 

Prontthoiatioh of ths Naxb '^ Ohstmb " (ef^ 
S. IL 367, 520).— This zuune was formerly yery 
common in SoBflex. ''Ralph de Chaisneto" soon 
after 1091 gave the church of Brighthelmstone to 
the Priory of Lewes (see the Lewes Ohartolary, 
Oottonian MSS. Yespas. F. 15, I 119, &c.). In 
another charter the name is {;iyen as Kani, Dng- 
dale spells it Ka%fuU>, and it was for some cen- 
turies Chtney, Balph de Ghaisneto is identified 
by Mr. Blaauw with the Ralph in Domesday who 
was the Norman holder of the third manor at 
Brighton (Suu. Arck, Cott., toL L p. 134^ The 
same aathority states that the family name was 
GahangeSy and was taken from the town of 
Gahagnes (Normandy) in the department of Cal- 
vados, arrondissement of Yire. Horsted Eeynes 
(in the Valor EccUnattieui, I 340, ''Horsted 
Oaynes''), a parish in the eastern part of 
Snssez, no donbt deriyed its name from this 
family. Ib not Oheyne Walk, Chelsea, named 
from the same family ? 

Frsdericc E. Sawtbr. 


Caff. Wright, Prisovkr iv Paris, & 1800 
(6^ S. iL 288, 517).— The following book, in my 
possession, gives a considerable amount of informa- 
tion regarding this unfortunate officer : — 

" NarratiTO of the Capture and Conflnemant of Capt 
J. W. Wright, Boyal Nary, Commander of His M^est/a 
Brig Yineego, who was sopMaed to haTo been murdered 
by the orders of Napoleon oaonaparte I Together with 
a Brief Aeooant of the Author's Adventures in France. 
By Caleb Hiller. B.N., formerly Master of His MiuMty's 
Brig Vincego. Margate, Printed and Sold for the Author 
byJ.Denne. 1817/' 

The author of the book was taken prisoner, with 
Capt Wright and the rest of the crew, on May 8, 
1804, and for a short time was confined in the 
Temple with him, but was afterwards removed 
with others of the crew to Verdun ; from thence 
be escaped with another officer, was recaptured 
and treated with brutal severity, and was after- 
wards confined in various fortresses for a period of 
ten years, being released by the allied armies in 
1814. At the time he wrote the above be states 
be gained a scanty Uvelibood by keeping a school 
at Broadstairs. Tbe book is dedicated by Hiller 

to Viscount Melville, First Lord of the Admiralty, 
evidently|with a view to assisting Hiller in his en- 
deavours to be reinstated in his former mnk in the 
Navy. In the Thanet Magaxine of September, 
1817, published in Margate, there is also an ad- 
vertisement of two engravings, representing the 
situation of Capt. Wright's vessel before and after 
the battle, from original drawings by the same 
Mr. Hiller, of Broadstairs. Edward White. 

CuRTAiK Lboturis (6^ S. iL 8, 191, 353, 478y 
522). — I have just met with a very early instance 
of this expression in T. Adams's Ea^itian of 
2nd Peter, 1633, ed. 1865, voL v. ch. iL p. 310: 
*' Often have you heard how much a superstitious 
wife, by her curtain lectures, hath wrought upon 
her Christian husband." Xit. 

Thb Orioih of the Word "Snob'* (6* S. L 
436; iL 329, 358, 415, 433; iii. 35).— In the 
Anecdotei of ike Englith Language, by Samuel 
Pegge, F.S.A., ed. H. Christmas, M.A. (London, 
Nichols & Son, 1844), p. 34, I find a note with 
the initials J. B. (the Bev. James Bandinel, M.A.): 

"In 1825 the Oxford Townsman was dignified with 
the enphonioui appellation of tno6— in 1835 he had been 
promoted to the title of ead, A man, as ia well known, 
signifies at Oxford a {[ownsman. A correct Latiniat 
will alwari oonstme vtr, a man, homo, a ead. On one 
occasion I said, ' Is that a man 1 ' < No,' waa the answer; 
' it 's not a man, but a ead.' " 

Edmund WATKRTOjr. 

MvKMONic LiHBS (&^ S. iiL 86, 298, 334, 357^ 

476). — I have known these hexameters, which tell 

the order of the minor prophets, for many years : — 

. " Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Mioabque. 

Nahum, Habakkok, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah^ 


0. T. M., 01k. 

Birds ukder tub Gross (6^ S. iL 186, 316). 
—May not the two birds placed under the cross 
be the cock, associated with St. Peter and the 
crucifixion, and the crossbill, which is said to have 
endeavoured to release the Saviour from the cross ? 
Longfellow gives a beautiful translation (from the 
Carman of Julius Mosen) of The Legend of the 
OroeebUl, and describes bow the dying Saviour, — 
** By all the world forsaken 

Bees he how with sealous care 

At the ruthlesB nail of iron 

A little bird is striting there. 

Stained with blood and nerer tiring. 
With its beak it doth not cease, 
From the cross *twould free the Savionr, 
Its Creator's Son release." 

S. T. T. carefully notes that the birds were dif- 
ferent. Frbdbrice E. Sawtbr. 

Americait Words: "Boom" (6"» S. ii. 126, 
215, 275). — When a vessel is sailing rapidly with 



a &ii wind, sheets eased off, and saib boomed oat, 
■he is said by seamen to "go booming," hence 
when stocks are rising rapidly, or a candidate for 
offtce is gaining in public favoor, there is said to 
be a boom for them, or they "are booming/' 

a P. M. 

Newtoo, Mass., U.a 

Hkv, Thomas Donhax Whitakbr (e^ S. i 
435 ; iL 55).— The priced catalogue of the sale 
of this eminent historian's library and articles of 
vertu is, as Mr. Bogklkt supposes, in the British 
Museum. Particulars of, and prioes obtained for, 
some of the principal items appear in the first 
▼olame (liii-lv) of the fourth edition of Hu Hit- 
iory of WhaUty, edited by Nichob and Lyons. 



"Papa" akd "Mamma," &c (6«> S. iii. 107, 
273, 456, 475). — Allow me to make one slight 
correction in Jatdbk's communication as to the 
word dad. The Welsh for *< &ther " is tad in its 
primitive form, and becomes dad only in certain 
positions by the Celtic law of "mutation" in 
initial consonants. By the same law it also takes 
(in certain cases) the forms (had and nhad. The 
Lord's Prayer in Welsh begins " Ein Tad/' not 
Dad, because the pronoun Mn, "our," is not one of 
those words which affect the initial T. The 
principle of " mutation " is tolerably simple, but 
the application of it in its numerous examples is 
one of the great difficulties every student of Celtic 
has to encounter. C. S. Jsrram. 

In one of the letters "written by Miss Phillis 
Balguy in the year 1717," which were published 
in the Bdiquary for October, 1877 (yoL xriii. 

f>. 93), an instance occurs of both these usages, 
n addressing "Mr. Heaton, juniour, att Shef- 
feild," she says, "Tou was very obligeing in 
remembering so ezacttly everything y* you pro- 
mised"; and in a postscript, "My Mama and 
Brother Balguy sena yon their service." 

J. H. Clarx. 

I have met with the following examples. Dry- 
den : — 

" But Mam and Pad are pretty names to hear." 
Theocritui, Idyll xxvii. 
Spedatar, No. 479 :— 

*' HfB wife told bim, that his son, of his own head, 
when the elock in the parlour stmok two, aaid Pappa 
would eome to dinnei presently.'' 

Lady Mary Wortley Montagu :— 

** I fanejr 70a are now nyiog What does my poor 

mmnw mean by tronbliDg me with oriticismB on books 
that nobody bat herself wiU ever read t "—To Lady BuU, 

Madame IVArblay :— • 

"Then sportively poiothig to my father, the king 
Whiipered her, «Do you know who that is, Bmllyf 
'fio.^ 'It is Miss Barney's papa.' The UtUe prin- 

oeis then, taking Mrs. Delany by the hand, pulled heron 
to go to her mamma» saying, 'Come, Mrs. DeUny, come 
to mamm».' "-^IHary, kc., Iii. 226, ed. 1854. 

Edward H. Marshall, M.A. 
Library, Olaremont^ Hastinga 

Thackeray's "Snobs" (6^ S. L 474 ; iL 16). 
— It may not be generally known that there is 
a translation of this work into French, but I 
forget the name of the translator. I bought a 
copy in Paris in 1865, at the Station du MidL It 
is supremely amusing. Edmund Watbrton. 

** Ladtkbts " (6*^ S. iii. 429). —In this name 
<^keys" originates, without any doubt, from tho 
cowslip flowers hanging like a bunch of keys ; and 
the ordinary German name for Frimula veris is 
StMusielblumef key-flower. Why it is dedicated 
to our Lady I am unable to say ; but a reference 
to Bnglith Plant Names (Britten and Holland) 
will show what a very long list of plants has 
been named in honour of our Lady. A Qerman 
equivalent of the name Ladykeyi is found in 
Frau^n Scktustek It is rather tantalizing that 
Mr. Whitb should say cowslips are so call^ ** in 
that neighbourhood," without informing us where 
the district lies. Perhaps in a future note he 
will kindly supply the omission. We have the 
name recorded at present from only one locality, 
Kent (Folkestone). Bobbrt Holland. 

l^orton Hill, Buncom. 

I have looked into several old herbals, besides 
modern botanical works and dialect glossaries, 
but cannot find this word. However, in the New 
Herballf '^ first set foorth in the Dutch or Almaigne 
Toong, by that learned D. Rembert Dodoens," 
Lyte's trans., ed. 1595, amongst the numerous 
names for cowslip, I find, " It is now called in 
Lattne Herba S. Petri : in English cowslips : in 
High Dnch Himelschlussel, S. Peters Eraut^ geel 
Schlusselblnmen,'' &c. Old G^erarde does not 
assist us. Dr. Prior, in Popular Namee of 
British Plants (ed. 1863), does not give ladyhsys^ 
but gives " St. Peter^s wort " as a name for the 
cowslip, and says it is so called '^from its resem- 
blance to St. Peter's badge, a bunch of keys, 
whence G. SMussel-blumeJ* 

Must we, then, give up the hope of a romantic 
fairy tale, and conjecture that as the flowers of the 
cowslip have been likened by popular opinion to St. 
Peter's keys, they have likewise been compared to 
the household bunch of keys, generally under the 
care of the lady of the house, and so called '* lady- 
keys"? Aloxrnon F. Gissino. 

'^Marriaob Bites, Customs, and Obrk> 


Hamilton (6«* S. iiL 428).— 0. J. P. seems to be 
unaware that a second edition of Afarricu/s Cut' 
Urns and Modes of CourUhip of the Various 
Naii<ms of the Universe, by Theophilus Moore, 



[6»fc S. IV. July 16, SI. 

was published in 1820. I haYe a copy of this 
book, but am uuabie to say whether Moore was 
the author^s real name or not. P. J. Mulliv. 

" Cut over" (6"» S. iiL 448).— With Mr. Kino, 
I think ancient phrase rarely becomes modern 
slang ; but this phrase is at present in use in 
Essex as elsewhere. The use of language is to 
make oneself understood, and is perfectly answered 
in '' cut over," or its equivalents " cut away " and 
^'look sharp." Who has not heard of a *' sharp 
cut," a long journey shortened by a " short cut," 
or a " cut over "1 " Cut over " and all its equiva- 
lents indicate speed and quickness ; we have it 
now in doing a *^ cutting trade"; and "cut" will 
suggest itself in other ways. Lambard would in 
1670 "cut over to Watling Streete," just as we 
should "cut along" it now. 

J. W. Savill, F.RH.S. 

FsHALB Chttrghwardens (5** S. xii. 409 ; 6*"* 
S. i. 43, 66, 126 ; ii. 18, 95).— In order that 
Abhba. may add the very latest female church- 
warden to his list, I refer him to the Solicitat^s 
Journal of May 28, 1881, where it is stated, on 
p. 557, that 

''the movement in favour of electing ladies to offices of 
responsibility appears to be making progrese, since it is 
stated that in the parish of Beeford, Yorkthirt, a female 
churchwarden has recently been elected." 

G. F. R. B. 

Dometiie Folhlore, By Rev. T. F. Thiselton Dver. 
" Casseirs Montlilj Shilling Library." (Cassell & Go.) 
Wb are old enough to remember tlie time when the 
student of the science of folk-lore — Mr. Thoms had not 
ffiven it a name in those days— was looked upon as an 
idle trifler, if not eomething worse. The belief in 
witchcraft and magic had not then died out among 
people who were called educated, and all sorts of evil 
surmises were hazarded as to the possible motives of a 
person who showed himself curious in what was for the 
most part a forbidden lore. We knew a country squire 
who locked up Brand's Popular Anttquitiet and Hig- 
gins*s Celtic Druidt for fear his children should read 
them, and, as he said, "stuff their minds with things 
that are not true.*' A lingering feeling was, no doubt, 
in this gentleman's mind that the things in the for- 
bidden books were not so much untrue as unlawful. 
When people at last arrived at the conclusion that the 
old wives' fables were but *' such things as dreams are 
made of," they at once jumped to the not unnatural 
conclusion that all study of them was absolute waste of 
time and energy; and it has taken the united labours of 
muy students to convince us that these relics of old 
modes of thought contain much valuable information as 
to the history of thought and the growth of scientific 
ideas. The first collectors of folk-lore were collectors 
only; they have preserved much material which they 
did not know how to use scientifically, though their 
imagination, if not their understanding, led them to the 
conclusion that it was of value. A new school has now 
arisen, which, not content with amassing material only, 
classifies and analyzes also. Of this younger race of 

folk-lorists Mr. Thiselton Dyer is a noteworthy member, 
and his Popular Briiuk Custamt has taken a permanent 
place in the literature of the science. The little book 
before us has a wider range. It may be said to trace 
the i)easant's beliefs from his cradle to his grave, and to 
give such helps by the way as none could supply except 
one deeply versed in the mytholoffies of ancient nations 
and the contemporary beliefs of our continental kins- 
men. To give even the barest skeleton of what such a 
book contains would be impossible, as every page is full 
of facts. We do not believe that any one, however full 
of the subject, can read it without having much new 
knowledge brought under his notice. Some parts of the 
book are, as was to be anticipated, better than others. 
The chapter on Articles of Dress strikes us as the best of 
the whole. Almost every sentence therein is capable of 
being extended into a long article or even a volume ; but 
it has evidently been Mr. Dyer's object rather to give 
heads for thought and study than to pursue any one 
subject exhaustively. Under " Pins" we think, when a new 
edition is called for, it would be well to mention the 
calf s heart stuck full thereof for purposes of enchant- 
ment, which was found in an old house at Dalkeith, and 
is now preserved in the museum of the Society of Anti- 
quaries of Scotland. 

A Gframmar of iKe Old Frietic Language, By Adley H 

Cumminti, A.M. (Triibner & Co.) 
Slowly but surely English-speaking men are becoming 
aware of the fact that their own tongue is as well worth 
study as those of Rome and Greece. It is but a short 
time ago that persons who took an intelligent interest in 
word-history, word-growth, and dialects were laughed 
at in the same manner as it pleased the humorous folk 
of the hut century to make fun of Sir Joseph Banks 
because he seemed to care as much for entomology as ho 
did for fox hunting. Now, students of English, though 
they still causa some wonder, are permitted to go on 
their way in peace. If they do not win sympathy they 
cause little wonder, and as their numbers increase day 
by day the facts of language become less and less 
obscure, even to the mass of the unenlightened who care 
for none of these things. The little Friesic grammar 
before us is one of the results of this movement. Friesic 
is not English, but the two languages are strikingly 
similar. They are not only sisters, but sisters who have 
preserved a very strong family likeness. How near they 
must once have been is proved by the fact, mentioned by 
Mr. Cummins in his preface, that when the English 
missionaries who converted the Friesians to the Chris- 
tian faith arrived in their country, they found *' no 
difficulty in making themselves understood by their 
hearers.'*' Hengist Is even said in old Dutch tradition 
to have been a Frieslander, and they show at Leyden 
the remains of a shell fort, much modernized, but show- 
ing still unmistakable signs of remote antiquity, which 
they assure the credulous English visitor was the castle 
of our great mythic ancestor, who, they tell us, sailed 
with his companions from the little port of Katwyk at 
the mouth of the Khine hard by. Whatever we may 
think of these traditions as history, they show that 
the knowledge that the two races were of close kin- 
ship has never been lost. A better introduction to the 
old tongue of our continental relatives could hardly have 
been made. The remains of the ancient lanffuage are not 
numerous. They mostly consist of law books, which are 
of deep interest to those who would understand the 
growth of society, but are not the best possible vehicle 
for conveying the facts of language, and the living 
tongue, though still distinct from Dutch, has suffered 
both from growth and corruption. Though still strik- 
ingly similar to the older forms of English, it is wider 

«* 8. IV. juH !<);'«.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


apart than the langnage of the old manuscripte. Mr. 
CammiDB's book is, of coune, intended for real students, 
and he takes for granted the knowledge of manj things 
which ordinary grammars for the use of children explain 
at lengtii. This is reasonable, for no one would studj 
Frietic until he had mastered the rudiments of grammar 
which are common to English and all the allied languages. 
A grammar is not the place where we look for amuse- 
ment, but there is one entertaining passage. The origin 
of gender is still a thing surrounded with uncertainty. 
There are good reasons for thinking that at first it had 
little to do with sex. It seems that in old Friesic the 
noon wif, a wife, is grammatically neuter, but that in 
this case " the natonJ has prevailed over the artificial 

Knder/' and the word has become feminine. We 
artily commend Mr. Gummins's book to our readers, 
and cannot bat wish that one who knows the tongue so 
well would lay us under farther obligation by giTing us a 
Frieaie- English dictionary. 

Catharine of Aroffon, By Albert du Boys. Edited from 
the French with Notes by Charlotte M. Yonge. 
(Harst ft Blackett) 
M168 Toiros has done a serrice to lovers of historr bv 
presenting to them in an English garb the work of M. 
da Boys. She has introduced it by a short preface and 
notes which show her usual caro and historical fidelity. 
On the merits of M. du Boys's work there will be con- 
flicting opinions, according to the point of Tiew from 
which the Beformation is regarded. Those who look 
upon it from the Ultramontane side will sympathize 
with M. da Boys, who eiidently considers the event as 
a dire catastrophe, produced by the lawless lore of 
Henry YIII., which inTolred in ruin the best and 
noblest of England's sons. It is alio possible to tal^e 
the national view, and to trace to papal aggression and 
monastic corruption the movement which was fore- 
shadowed in the politico-religious teaching of Wiclif 
nearly two centuries before Henry's hasty anion with 
the " spleeny Lutheran." However, the reader cannot 
fall to profit by the materials which M. du Boys has 

Etherea with a careful and scattered with a generous 
nd. The author deserves praise for the care with 
which he has steered his historic bark through the 
somewhat fool waters of the divorce question. Though 
the principal actors in the scene are graphically de- 
pieM, there is nothing to offend the most fastidious. 
The short eketehes of Ferdinand and Isabella and of 
Spanish policy daring the reign of Henry YII. are 
clever, anid form a useful introduction to the main sub- 
ject It IB not unpleasant to be beguiled by the author's 
partiality into entire sympathy with Catharine, who, 
whether as the friendless girl of seventeen, at once maid, 
wife, and widow, or as the king's daughter " discrowned 
yet still a queen/* cannot but be portrayed as " a good 
woman." That large class of historical students whose 
appetites are not sufficiently keen for an eight-volume 
chronicle will derive nourishment from this well- 
served dish of biography, garnished as it is with fresh 
anecdotes and piquant gossip. 

The Holy BilU according to the Authon'ted Vernon (a.d. 
1611 ). With an Explanatory and Critical Commentary 
and a Bevision of the Translation, by Bishops and 
other Clergy of the Anglican Church. Edited by F. C. 
Cook, M.A., Canon of Exeter, late Preacher at Lincoln's 
Inn, Chaplain in Ordinary to the Queen. — New Testa- 
ment, YoL IIL, Romans to Philemon. (Murray.) 
It is obvioos from the many comments and controversies 
which the recent publication of the New Testament, 
" bemg the version set forth a.d. 1611 compared with 
the most ancient authorities and revised a.d. 1881,'' has 
ehnted from the friends and opponents of such Bevised 

Version, that the goodly volume of nearly nine hundred 
pages, whose full title we have advisedly transcribed, 
containing as it does the various epistles from Romans 
to Philemon, with introductions, commentaries, and 
critical notes upon them by a number of well-known 
eminent theological scholars, is one which may be, and 
doubtless will be, consulted with advantage by all who 
desire to learn something of the grounds for the revisions 
that have been made. And when we state that the 
Epistle to the Romans appears under the editorship of 
the Rev. D. Gifford, Examining ChapUin to the Bishop 
of London ; that for the first Epistle to the Corinthians, 
with the introduction, commentary, and critical notes. 
Canon Erans, Professor of Greek in the University of 
Durham, is responsible; that the Rev. Joseph Waite 
stands in the same relation to the second Epistle ; that 
the introduction, commentary, and critical notes to the 
Qalatians are by Dean Howson, of Chester; that the 
Rev. F. Meyrick, Examining Chaplain to the -fiishop of 
Lmcoln, is responsible in the same degree for the Epistle 
to the"EpheBians,"and the Dean of Raphoe for that 
to the "Pfailippians," (while the Bishop of Derry has 
written the introduction, commentary, and critical notes 
on the Epistle to the Colossians and the first and second 
Epistles to the Thessalonians and to Philemon; and that 
with regard to the pastoral Epistles to Timothy and 
Titus the introduction has been written by the Rev. 
H. Wace, Professor of Ecclesiastical History in King's 
College, while the commentary and critical notes are by 
the Bishop of London, — we have said enough to show 
that earnest inquirers after the true interpretation of 
apparently obscure passages in the sacred Scriptures, 
who refer for a solution of their difficulties to The 
Speaier^t Commentary, will rarely apply without full 
satufaction. Such inquirers owe a debt of gratitude to 
Mr. Evelyn Denison for the happy inspiration which led 
to the publication of the work before ua, and all whv> 
had the good fortune to know Lord Ossington must 
share our regret that he was not spared to see how 
admirably the idea which he originated has been carried 
out by the body of acoompliahed scholars whose co- 
operation Mr. Murray has secured. 

Cradle Land of Arte and Creedt. By C. J. Stone, 

Barrister-at-liaw. (Sampson Low & Co.) 
Mb. Stohb, who has spent some time in India practising 
as an advocate in the High Court, Bombay, has evi- 
dently been deeply influenced by the land in which he 
has lived, some of whose most striking ancient monu- 
ments were in his close proximity, and whose ancient 
literature and history he has attentively studied. The 
result, shown in the present volume, has been to a great 
extent to dissatisfy Mr. Stone with much of the ordi- 
narily accepted history of man, and the source from 
which his civilization flowed. Mr. Stone thinks that the 
site of the Garden of Eden was in India— 3fa<2Ayama, 
or the Middleland— not in Mesopotamia. We must 
leave the theologians to discuss this point with our 
anther. But we may fairly say, apart from any personal 
agreement or disagreement with Mr. Stone's many 
theories which diverge from those ordinarily prevalent 
among us, that his book is really, to a large extent, a 
storehouse of miscellaneous information, as well as a 
challenge to thinkers, on points of interest in the Vedio, 
Buddhistic, and other systems of Eastern philosophy, 
art, and science, which are attracting so much attention 
at the present diay. 

The SonneU of WUUam Shaispere, Edited by Edward 

Dowden. (C. Eegan Paul & Co.) 
Ov the appearance of Prof. Dowden's edition of Shak- 
speare's Sonnets it may justly be said that it is that of a 
veritable Elievir, worthy ibr beauty te stand beside 


NOTES AND QUERIES. i6ti.s.iv.jiTLTi«/8i. 

the DeetmtroM of IMS, or the PnmneiaUt of 1667, of 
that great familj of printers. A more ezqaisite edition 
of these poems the book-IoTer can scarcelT desire. 
Hardly less excellent are the contents. When the 
hanrest of Shakspearian comment ii threshed and 
winnowed, of the few grains of wheat that remain a 
respectable portion will belong to Prof. Dowden. His 
edition of the text is, as he says, "that of aoonserva- 
tife editor, opposed to conjecture unless conjecture be a 
necessity." ilis preface is a model of calm, judicious 
explanation and Taiuable suggestion. The conclusions 
of his predecessors are treated with respect; and 
although there is a little banter of certain enthusiastic 
hunters after mares* nesti, there is not» incredible as 
fuch a statement may seem in a work of this class, a 
•ingle discourteous word in the entire introduction. A 
well-executed etching of the face restored by Mr. L. 
•Lowestane from the celebrated oloth mask found by 
Ludwig Becker is prefixed to the Tolume, and a little 
■hort of a hundred pages of emdite and yaluable notes 
forms a termination. 

Faok Messrs. George Bell & Soda we harA recetred 
the new edition of Mr. H. O. Bohn*s invaluable 2>/dibnary 
cf QwUUivM from ike Snglitk PoeU. To Mr. Bohn the 
publio are indebted for haring now placed within their 
easy reach a work which, quite recently, fetched at a 
public sale no less than il. lit. 6d. It has been calculated 
that the book contains 8,000 Quotations, ranging from 
Chaucer to Tennyson. — From the same publishers there 
comes to us an admirable reprint of Maoame D'Arblay's 
JSvelina (" Bohn's l^oyelista^ Library "). 

Our correnpondent the Bct. John Ingle Dredge sends 
as an interetitinK memoir and bibliographical record of 
Dr, Oeorgt Downame, BUhop of Detry, reprinted, with 
additions, fram the Palatine Note-Book for April, May, 
and June. The memoir has special yalue for all who 
are interested in seventeenth century church history. 
We observe tbnt the arms assigned to the bishop in a 
note, on the authority of the Bev. W. Beynell, B.D., of 
Dublin, do not exactly tally with any coat of Downham 
or Downam that we have as yet been able to trace. 
Perhaps Mr. Keynell may some day find the authority 
from which he took them. Unfortunately the shields in 
Ulster's funeral entry are blank. 

Thb death of Bodley's librarian is an event which 
interests the whole literary world, and the name of 
the Rev. Henry Ootavius Coxe, though he never per- 
sonally contributed to these columns, is probably known 
to almost all our readers. By some he will be remem- 
bered as editor of Roger of Wendover*8 Chronica for the 
English Historical Society, and of three volumes for 
the Roxburghe Club; but the chief works of his life 
were less prominent and more really important. Such 
*re the new general catalogue of the printed books in 
the Bodleian Library, begun in 1859 and finished last 
year ; the series of catalogues of Bodleian manuscripts, 
to which he himself contributed three volumes ; and the 
catalogue of manuscripts in the colleges and halls of 
Oxford, an ovut tuhueivum, "Eqt forty-three years Mr. 
Coxe worked in the library, and for nearly twenty-one 
of these as head librarian: but before that he had 
occupied a post in the Britisn Museum, where he began 
the course of study which made him tbe first Greek 
palsBographer in England, and caused the Government 
to select him in 1866 to report on the Greek MSS. yet 
remnining in libraries of the Levant. It is beyond 
the scope of these columns to remark on the state to 
which he has brought the great library under his 
charge ; but no account would be at all adequate which 
omitted to record hie unfaUbg geniality and humour. 

and the warmth and freshness of his disposition, un- 
subdued even bv fifty years' hard work, as well as the 
intellectual qualities which so well fitted him for the 
place he occupied. 

Wb are glad to announce that, in accordance with a 
wish expressed at Eton and elsewhere, the series of 
papers describing the library of Eton College now 
appearing in our columns will be issued in a ooUected 
form earty in the ensuing autumn. 

Thb death of Dr. Guest, the late Master of Cains 
College, was noticed in these columns at the close of 
last year. It is a pleasure to state that an archssologiea! 
work left in MS. by him is in course of publication 
under distinguished editorship. 

Sox B of our readers may be interested to know that 
Mr. Thomas Lidstone, Dartmouth, has in preparation a 

faper entitled « What is known of Mr. Kewcomen, 
nventor of the S team-Engine." 
Mb. W. J. Thoms's " Gossip of ah old Bookworm/' 
IB THIS Moxth's "Nibbtbkbth Ckhtort."— Mr. Edward 
C. Davies (Junior Garrick Club) writes :— " I fancy 
many will agree with me in thinking that if Mr. Thoms 
could be prevailed upon to puMi^h this admirable and 
most interesting article in pamphlet form, he would 
confer a boon upon lovers of books and the author's 
own admirers.*' 

ficXitti to Corrrifpoiitrrntif. 

Ab Orioibb. — You would probably obtain some 
valuable suggestions, and perhaps directly useful in- 
formation, in the Norman People (Ltondon, 1874), a 
work, however, which should be used with caution as to 
its deductions. If you have not yet searched the Gascon, 
Norman, and French Rolls, vou should consult the 
Catalogue (London. 1743), ana also the Rot Norm,, 
1200-1205 and 1417 (Record Comm.) ; the Mag. Rot. 
Seacc. NormannioB, published by the Society of Anti- 
quaries; Michel, Chroniques dee Dues de Normandie 
(Paris, 1826-44), end the collection! of Dom Bouquet, 
Duchesne, d'Achery, &c. 

E. S. DoDGSOB.— The exi^ression meant then what it 
means now; then, as now, it simply expressed a fact in 
ecclesiastical as well as in political history. It did not 
in itself connote any antagonism, though no doubt there 
was a certain independent spirit, traceable throughout 
the middle ages, which some would call insider, or 
worse. In a state document the church was necessarily 
regarded solely in its national character. Guarantees to 
it in any other character would have been vitra vtret. 

E. D. H.— ''In some places [on May Day] it is cus- 
tomary for the children to carry about from hou^e to 
house two dolls— a large and a small one — beautifully 
dressed and decorated with flowers. This cu^-tom has 
existed at Torquay from time immemorial." — Thiselton 
Dyer's British Popular Customs, 

E. F. L.— For the derivation of " Acton " see Jamie- 
son's Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish Language, 

C. W. Habkiv.— We shall be glad to forward a pre- 
paid letter to H. 8. G. 

A. F. (Edinburgh).— Yes; very acceptable. 


Editorial Communications should be addressed to " The 
Editor of 'Notes and Queries '"—Advertisements and 
Business Letters to "The Publisher"— at the Office, 20, 
Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C. 

We beg leave to state that we decline to return com- 
munications which, for any reason, we do not print ; and 
to this role wo tan make no exception^ ^^^ i r> 
Digitized by ViDOQlc 




MENTSln all IV««ipftp6n. lUflUia«i, and Pcriodleak. 
••• Tcrma for txmuMtlng biHiB«M,aiid LisI of London P»P«f» «Mi 
bo ud on appUoatlon to 

ADAIU * VKANCIS, It, Hoot Btnot. X.a 

ALL the YEAR ROUND.— Oondaoted by Chftrlei 
IMok«M.-AdT«rtto«nMnte for Al M« Fior Jtomdihoald bo owt 
bcfiiio tho ifth of Moh Month to 

ADAM8 * FRAHCIB. It. Hool Btnot^ AO. 

Tbo Oricinal^BootiMid moot LlbonO. 

Ho oztn ohaifo for timo gfTon. 
niwtiaUd Priofd Ootalocoo, vlt& foil pnrtieaUn of T«mi, port f^oo. 
r. MOBDBK, MB. Mi* »!>. Tottonham Oourt Bond s and U, 10, and 
n.MorvoUStTootTw.O. ErtabUdiodlMl. 

FMOEDER begs to AnnoTinoe thftt the whole of 
• tbo aboTo Premigei havo vioentlj bcon Boboilt, apoolally adaptod 
far tbo FonftoroTzmdo, and now foimono of tbo BMti ooMmodlou 
Waniumoao In tbo Mctxopolia. 

Bod-Room Snitoo. from «. IL to » OvlDoaf. 
I>ravlnitRoom Svitao. tnm A •■. to 45 Oninma. 
IMnlnf-Room Baitoi, fkom 7L 7a to 40 Oninoaa. 
And all other Qooda in irmt Tarlotj. 
r. M OBDER, MSlMS, MO, Tbttttbam Oonrt Bond ; and 11. M, and 
n. XorwoU BlnotTw.a --— 


Aoknovlodsod to bo tho flnmt Importod. firoo f^om aolditr or boat, 
■ad mneb onforior to low-prlood Bbonr. ftl ■> P«r doseil. 

Soloolod dry TABRAGONA. at iuppUod to tho FobUo Howitala. 
A«ytamB,4«. »•. per doaon. Rail oarriafo paid. 

W. D. WAT801I. Wino Morobant, 
SJB, Oxford Stroet, and M. BonHok Siroot, London. W. 
BotabUabod 1841. 


aoW by all Dealera throaghoat the World. 


_/ PenoBO wiahittf to reoelTt ftiU Talno ihoold applj to tbo 
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If forwardod by pooc Talno per return. 

Cblef ofltee. ITS, Oxford tttraet (oppoaiU WoUa Stroot), London. 
Ea^abUahod lOO yean. 

O L L S O O U R T.— P I R A C Y.— 

For tbo ProtoetloB of tbo Poblio and M ymlf againot Ininri* 
FIRATIOAL IM ITATIORB, I have again applied for and obtaii 
a Pii iiitiial Ininaetion. with Coota, aieinat a Chomlat in " 


hMBV BoMb ftado-M art. and Signaton ona Boff-Ooloorod Wcappor. 

, IM. Holbora. 


OLLOWAY'S PILLS *re the medicme most in 

npato for onrlBg the mnltUbrloos maladteo wbiob attaofc 
bmaoBity. In.abort. tbcoo PiUa nerer tell to ailbrd relief In .all. the 

aadotoiaaf] _ 

bUUy eetimaMo proner^ of oleanalnf the wfiole mam of blood. Vhlob 
wfti noovalod oonditton oanla putty, itentth, and Tigoor to crery 


Mvenf 8ATURDA r, o/any BaokMUer or Ntw^agtiU^ 





emd the DRAMA. 



REVIEWS of every importuit New Book, English 

Mid Foreign, and of every new English Novel 

AUTHENTIC ACCOUNTS of Scientifio Voyages 
and Expeditions. 

CRITICISMS on Art^ Masxo, and tho Drama. 


relating to Literature, Science, and Art. 
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WEEKLY GOSSIP on Literature, Science^ the Fine 
Arts, Mnsio, and the Dnuna. 


Is so oondaoted that the reader, however distant, is 
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and the Diama^ on an equality in point of inibrmation 
with the best informed ciroles of the Metropolis. 

OFFICE for ADVERTISEMENTS^ 20, Wellington 
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NOTES AND QUERIES. [6u.8.iv. juhm.w. 





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Digitized by VnOOS? IC 


% ^tbixm at %nUxtmximia(&m 



'Wlioii found, make a not« of."~CAPTAIN COTTLB. 

No. 82. 

Saturday, July 23, 1881. 


( BeoUUnd (U a ir«iM|xo)if . 

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Opm dAily, exeeptiox FridaTS, and Always Frae . ^ ^ « ^ * 

(^telocves, HtetorioJ and DcaeriptfTs. prepared by George Scharf, 
r. 8. A., are now ready, price One ShiUinK. 

Bole* for the admUrion of Copyiato may aln be had on appUoation 
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NDEX SOCIETY.— -The Thibd Annual 


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y of Arts, John Street. Adelphi, on MONDAY. Jul/ tS. at 4 p. m. 
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«. BAKER'S Stoek eomvrliss over too.000 Tolnmes of Ne^ 

ft2S4*"^ IS8^t*5«*f" ¥^ .??«*«*Vi?" «»* Modem, k 
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" *~« -• EzpoeitionaandBlbUealCritieisms-TheW: 


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Ctb 8. No. 82. 


Just published, in 8to. price 15a. oloth. 



7 WICH. By GEOBGB F. WARNER. M.A. of the Depaxtihent 
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o c o 



*■ By a thorough knowledge of the natural laws 
vhJdh goretn the operation of digestion and 
nutrition, and by a earefhl appUoation of the 
fine properties of well-seleeted Coooa, Mr. EpiM 
has provided our breakfast tables with a deu- 
eately*flaToured bererage which may save us 
many heary dootors' bills. It is by the Judielous 
use of sneh articles of diet that a constitution 
may be gradually built up until strong enough to 
resfst every tendenoy to disease. Hundreds of 
subtle maladies are floating around us ready to 
attack wherever there is a weak point. We may 
esoepe many a fatal shaft by keeping ourselves 
well fortified with nure blood and a properly 
nonrlahed finune."— Civil Strviet Ga$ttt4. 

MAEsas OF Efps's Cbocolatb EssnrcB ron AvrsBirooif Uss. 

POWLANDS' MACASSAR OIL is nniyenali/m 
Av hi^ repute tat its unprecedented sncoess dnring Ao 

last 8D years in ^promoting the growth, restoring; 
id beautiCrlns the human hair. It 

ImproviaiN an 


_ fkom --, 
weak hair, 
_i makes it 
•r ehildrea ' 

ling off 



as~ ftTrmtoir theTbads of a 

while. Its introduotion into the nuricry of 

or turning jrsy. 
It from sonrf^aiul 

t beautifolly soft, pUable, and 

it is especially recommended* 

beauttfA " ^ - "^^ 

a sttflMent proof of its merits. 
' — ""!»"•*• mineral, or - 

It is perfec 

^ous ingr 

Halrdrsswn, ia 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [6*8.iv.jolt25,'8i. 


If EMTSln all NcwtpApm. Ufuinm, and Perlodloala. 
*•* T«niu for tnuMMttng bulnMi, and LisI of London Pap«n» eaa 
bo nad on appUoatlon to 

▲DAMS * FRANCIS, «, FloH Btrool. &a 


A flxod 1001 In oaio of Doaih by Aooidont, and a W0AI7 allowaneo In 
tho oTmt of InjniTt n«J bo aoonrod bj a PoUor 4rftho 


no B%ht Hon. LOBD RIHNAIBD. Chalnnan. 


Paldmp Oapltal and Baoorro, *a»fiQQ. 

Modotato Pnmiiima. 

Bonu allowod to Inonron after FIto Toan. 

A^M^ooo baa boon Paid aa Oomponaation. 

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Woii>JBnd OlBco, 8, Oimod Hotel Buildlnga, Chazing Oroei, or 


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Soloetod dry TABBAGONA. ao aapplled to tho PnbUo Hoopilali, 
Aaylwnfltfto. lOi. per doaen. Ball oaitiace paid. 

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mi Oxford Street, and M. Borwiok Street, London. W. 

■itabUehed 1841. TWaueaoh. 



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TURTLE SOUP, and JELLY, and other 

Oaation.— Beware of Imitotloni. SoIoAddreM— 




For the Proteetion of the Pnbllo and Myoelf againat Injnrioiia 
" '" "^ ■ *obf 

PIBATIOAL IMITATIONS. I hare again applied 6 „ 

a Perpetual InJnnotion. with Coati. agiSnit a Choiaiat In Manohaater. 
Ubflorfe the QBN UINB 


luanyNaMO. Trade-Mark, and SlgnatoMona Bofl^Oolowred Wfa»p«. 

More preolooa than Gold.— Daring eaniner the preraUing 
diieaoea are diarrhcea. dyecntety, ferera, and BngUah eholera, paiw 
tloolariy dangerona to ohilditn and yonng people. In thooe aeute 
«■•«■, whore Internal modieinca oannot be retained, the greatcat relief 
will immediately rcaoltfrom nibbing HoUowayli aoothing Ointment 
over the abdomen. The friotton ahonld bo frcqocnt and brlak, to 
oDanre tho penetration of a large portion of the Ungneni Thia Oint' 
ment ealma the azdtod pertataltto aetlon. Anlekly allaying the pain. 
Both Tomiting and griping yield to It ; where fhilta or TegetableahaTO 
originated the malady. It fa proper to remoTo all Indli^ted matter 
from the bowcla l»y a modcxate doie of Bolloway'a PiUa before naing 
ihe Ointment 


No. MS. la pnblUhed THIS DAY. 


II. INDIA In mo, 


Vir. The SITE of H0MEB*8 TBOT. 
JOHN MUBBAY. Albemarle Street. 


Emy BATUBDAY, or any Bookaeller or Nowi-age&t* 

HE A TH E N ^ U K* 

Tki» DaiTe A THMlTjKUMetmtabu Artfdtt on 






NOVELS of the WEEK. 



The STABS In the BIVEB. Sonnet by Theodore Wailo-The SILOAU 



SCIENCE-LibrarT Table; Geographieal Notea ; Aatronomioal Notca; 
Soeletteai Moetlnga; Ckiaalp. 

FINE ARTS— GoDoe'a Life of Fromentin; Library 1U>le: Ncv 

Prlnta; Notca firom Athena ; Salca; Goaaip. 
MUSIC-Tbo Week ; New PnbUeationa; Goaaip. 
DRA MA-Tho Week ; Goaaip. 

PnbllBhod by JOHN FRANCIS. M, Wellington Btnet. Strand, 
London, W.C. 

Now rgftdy. Vol. Xa->EGYPTIAN TBXT8. 



Fttbllsbgd nnder th« aAnetton of tho Socioty of Biblical 

Edited by S. BIRCH, LL.D. 

With an Indox of tho Contontt of tho Serlat. 

Cloth, St. 6d. 

SAMUEL BAGSTBR dc SONS. 15. Patomosior Row, Londov. 

MUedkmetnu Librwry 1^ Ou laU CHARLES SPBMUGEL 
GREAVES, Eiq^ Q.C. {by Order qfUu ExwiUor»\ awA cOur 

SPREUQEL GREAVES, Eiq.,Q.C.. removed from BUndford Sqnuet 
oompriaing Dngdale^ Warwiekihlre. folio— LyaonaTa Magna Britannia, 
gToIa. 4to.-DaUaway'» Heraldry— Vootfk Border Anttanitiea, t vela. 
—Notea and <hieriee,a oompleto h'et— ('ox*a Cburohoa of Derbyahfre, 
' other Worka rditttng to the Oonnty of Derby^Bowiokv 

Oatalocaea are 



• 8. IV. Jolt 28. '81.] 





CONTENTS.— N« 82. 

3r0TES:»Bl0B Ooltagv LIbniy* 61~AiutnlasUui Dnuualie 
Anihon, 62— Books on BpeelAl Bnbjecta, es— Statute Fain 
««]led '^MofM," M— Dr. Hook and SvangeUeallam : an 
JnpabltolMd Latter— Tlio City of London Sactment— 
'Ohatto^" 6fr-Harriaoii« of Norfolk-*' Maaitology." 66- 
Btalwait— Oneting tha Naw Moon In Vlil— Applabj, Wast- 
noitfaiMl-Snrraj rolk-lora-Slnfiilar Snnamaa, 67. 

A17EBIBS:-Llats of Smignnti-Matdeal Bate to be Inter- 
preted, 67— Blalrqnhaft— Archer of Welland—" fired and 
Com"— "Parker of Hmmlngton "— Dibdln, 68-Old Por- 
tiBlt of Sir William Wallaoa— «* Wallham dlipdaas "— Orof e 
Vamlly— Ken— Devft'B Vale— W. Carlton— "Inn" aa a Verb 
— Feoiith Chnroli— AvthoB Waatad, 69. 

fiSPLIBB:- Herewaid le Waket the Oonnteaa Loot, 69— 
**llM Ocean Bag "-The Metrloal Venlon of tbe Paalina. 71 
—*' Appointed to be read In Cbaroiiea "*- History of Lincoln- 
Ahiie, 7S— Fairfowl of Lathallan— Peeallar VenUlcatlon— 
Staynonr— Irish Marriage Settlement— The Dog Boae, 78— 
"In the mkisi of life," *c— New Words -The Gate of 
BonkMoia at Hardiea— David Oanlck— " I^ing oold noor "— 
''Noils "—A Core for "Pins and Needlca." 74-Stnbba 
Pkmlly- JEstal— MUton Qnarics, 75— *' Invent poxtom"- 
JeweasM and Wigs— Coffin Breastplates, 76-Carioas Chris- 
tian NafaiM— BonorUleabUitndinity, 77— lime Trees— 
••Basket'*— "Ladykays'*-*' Cat over "—A W&rwiokahire 
Phraae— Waa WilUam IV. an AnthorT— "Dray"— Authors 
Wanted, 7S. 

irOTS ON BOOKS :-8iil|y-8 " innsioos --Payne's " Poems 
of Master fhwds ^\njlon '— Bntherford's **New Pbryal- 
chos"— Bonaen's *' Angel Messiah of Boddhlsts," Jte. 

I^otlces to OotrespondeBts, Ae. 

(CotiUnMed fnm p. 48.) 

Foreign LiUrature, — Mach of this has oome 
liefore ns nnder the heads of Theology, Histoi^Ty or 
Timvels. Of the best French authors there is a 
veiy haadsome oolIeotioD, bat, beyond the great 
number of good impressions by Didot, noUiing 
^that caUs for particolar notice. As a good speoi- 
men of early typoffraphy we may name Homeliet 
BUT la SeparaUon m Nature HumaiMj in gothio 
type, Thielman Kerrer, Paris, 1538. The stan- 
■am works in (German were the gifc of R H. W. 
Ingram, Esq., bnt the only book of any special 
interest is the Flbtetra/venene, by Johann Joachim 
•^^oanz (Berlin, 1752). The anther is known in 
the musical world as an improver of the flate, 
'in which instniment he instmoted Frederic the 

Of the Italian literatnre it is necessary to speak 
■jBi greater length. D^nte is represented in several 
Ibnns, of which the following three Venetian folios 
liave each their special interest :-~l. Vindelin di 
.Spira, 1477. The readings of this edition agree very 
much with the Eton MS. C'N. & Q.,** e^ S. iii. 262). 
With its ample margin, ruled red lines, and onm- 
Mm morocco binding by Derome le jeune, this is 
indeed a noble volume. 2. The text with Lan- 

dino's commentary, 1507. This edition ha» 
carious woodcuts and pretty initials. The book 
once belonged to De Thou, and has his initials 
inscribed at the beginning and end. 3. With 
Landino's commentary, and also that of Vellu- 
telli, 1578. Besides these we have the first 
Aldine, 1502, the *" Terse Rime," and that of 1515, 
''col site et forma delP Inferno tratta dalla 
istessa descrittione del Poeta." Two Florentine 
editions, one a Jnntine octavo of 1506, the 
other with improved readings, 1595, both with 
Manetti's very curious sketch-maps, may be 
added. With the second of the above Aldines 
there is bound up Sannazaro^s SomUi e Canr 
sont, 1534, Aldas. 

Of Petrarch there is no ^fifteener," but the 
following Aldines are here : — 1501, 1533, and 1546 ; 
also the text with Vellutelli's commentary, a copy 
once in De Thou's library. The Triompho ddfa 
Amort is an octavo nns loco aut anino. The 
earliest impressicm in the library of the Orlando 
Furioio is a Venetian one in gothic type, 1536, 
with a portrait of Arioeto on the title-page. There 
are many others, including that in eight volumea 
printed expressly for the Earl of Bute, 1772, and 
Baskervill^s of the following year, containing 
exquisite ragravinge by Bartoloszi, Launcy, and 
Moreau. Vfe note further Fomari's Commen' 
tary (Florence^ 1549), and a fine folio copy of 
Sir John Harrington's translation, 1634, with some 
good woodcuts. There are also the five comedies 
of Ariosto and his seven satires (Venice, 1537), a 
very scarce edition with a curious frontispiece. 
Taeso is represented by a Goica folio edition of 
the GieruiaiUmfM lAberalaf 1617, '*figurata di 
Bernardo Oastello," and some handsome Paris 
impressions. Of one by Didot. 1784, with forty- 
one plates after designs by Cochin, only two hun- 
dred copies were issued. Bodoni's impression of the 
Aminta is a fine quarto, and this early spedmen 
of the pastoral drama is of interest nom its 
success having led to the Poitor Fido of Gkiarini, 
the prototype of the Italian opera. Fifty editions 
were issued of this last work m the anthoi's life- 
time. A copy in this library (Venice, 1602), has 
a coloured frontispiece and some woodcuts. Large- 
paper copies of II Pastor Fido^ of which this is 
one, are by no means common. Machiavelli's 
complete works fill two handsome quartos, 1550, 
tine loeo. There are also separate editions of 
most of them, among them his Atino Doro, sb 
imitation of Apuleius (Bome, 1588). Some of 
these volumes belonged to De Thou, and oontain 
three different portraits of Maohiavelli, all of 
them very striking ones. 

Few departments of Italian literature are un- 
represented. The number oi trsgedies and 
comedies is fisr too great to be enumerated here. 
Some impressions of Pietro Aretioo, «.a., II 
FiUtofo (Venice, 1546), are scarce. The timom 
Digitized by VnOOQ 16 


NOTES AND QUERIES. i6«.s.iv. jolt 23/81. 

of Boiardo is tine loco ant anno. There are 
many daodecimos oontdniog single plays— ^^r.^ 
I Odon, 1560, the only comedy of Gabiani— 
which are literary curiositieB. Besides several 
sixteenth century editions of the DeconMron, 
there are the other tales and poems of Boccaccio 
pabliriied in yarioas Italian towns. Two yolames 
are sine loco aut anno, the Laberinio ^Ainore, 
and NimphdU Ftetoiano, Both are rare, espe- 
dally the latter, which is assigned to the fifteenth 
century; of the others, the earliest is Anuto, a 
fine quarto, Milan, 1620. The FacOie di Foggio, 
1547, has some quaint woodcuts. Pulci's bur- 
lesque the Morgante Maggian^ 1550, and his poem 
to Lorenzo de' Medid, 1505, as well as Lorenxo's 
own poems, Aldus, 1554, are here. There are 
three Florentine sixteenth century editions of 
Firenspttola, and a rare impression of the HereoU 
of Ginthio, 1558^ and Trabitonda HyttoriaJta^ 
Tenioe, 1518. It would be tedious to go through 
the list of satires, letters, tales, and norelettes 
which constitute so large a portion of early Italian 
literature. Ginthio's HtkaJUmiQii may be men- 
tioned, to which Shakspeare had recourse in his 
CwnbdifM and Meaturtfor Measure, The novels 
of Bandello fill three volumes, Lucca, 1554-73, 
and there is also the French translation of them 
by Belleforest, 1580. Much of Borneo and Juliet, 
as is well known, is traced to Arthur Brooke's 
translation of Bandello. But I may take the 
opportuni^ of calling attention to a poem, which 
seems nnnown to the Shaksjpearian commen- 
tators, with the following title :--" L*Infdice Amore 
dii due Fidelitnmi Anumti Oiulia e Borneo. 
8critto in Ottava Bima da Clitia Nobile Vero- 
nese ad Ardeo sua." It was printed at Venice in 
1553, forty-three years before Borneo and Juliet 
was brought out. It consists of about three 
Aousand fines, opening with mention of the feud 
that had existed between the two families ** Oap- 
pelletti e Montecchi, iUustri e antiche case in 
Verona," one hundred and fifty years before the 
writer^s time. 

The collectioii of " rime di divend '' is veiy ex- 
tensive, and comprises some rare volumes. Of 
Tittoria Golonna's poems there are three impres- 
sions, one 1539, sine loco. Oecco d' Ascoli's poem 
on the order of the heavenly bodies is scarce. The 
author— physician, astrologer, and mechanidaB — 
was burnt at Bologna^ in 1327, for his opinions, by 
order of the Inquisition. This book is a beautiful 
small quarto, with large margin and rubricated 
initials, Venice, 1478, ed. wine. The oldest 
work on Italian grammar, by Fortunio, is here, 
Venice, 1533. Italian translations fh>m the 
otassics abound. Balthazar Oastiglione's Lilro 
del Cortegiarw may conclude our selection from 
these Italian books. It gives the best description 
of an Italian nobleman as court habits made him, 
jAd prescribea the roles for polished life during 

and after the Renaissance. This is a fine Aldine- 
Venice, 1545, small folia 

Fbahcis St. John Thackeray. 
Eton College. 

{To he eonHnued.) 


{Continued from » N. & Q./' 6^ a i. 423 ; 11. 55, 497 ; 

Mr. Henry Barton, author of Tiitle TaUU, or The- 
Kiu at St. KUda, a new farce, acted in April, 1878, at 
the Academy of Maiic in Melbourne. 

Maxwell Brown, author of Crohore of the BiU-hoohr- 
dramatised from Banim's tale, acted April, 1867, at the 
Haymarket Theatre, Melbourne. The author acted the- 
part of Crohore. 

Qrosrenor Bunste, author of CUut, a play, acted iii> 
June, 1878» at the Theatre Royal, Melbourne. 

Mr. Dampier, actor, is author of The Yellow Passport, a- 
drama,produced on the Melbourne stage about July, 1874. 

Mr. Darrel, an actor, is author of The Trumjo Card 
and other plays, produced at the Queen's Theatre,. 
Sydney, about December, 1874. 

Charles Dibdin, of Sydney, is author of The Queer 
Client, a drama in three acts, performed at the Victoria 
Theatre, Sydney; puhlished 1842, 8to. The author- 
dedicates the play to Ben. Boyd, Esq., in grateful 
acknowledgment of the kind favour conferred on hi* 
late father. A copy of this dramatic piece is in tbo- 
British Museum. 

Miss Josephine Fiddes is authw of The Lady m 
White, a new drama, produced for her benefit at the- 
Ljceum Theatre, Sydney, about the end of October,- 
1861 : the first dramatic attempt of the authoress. See- 
BelVs Lifs in. Sydney, Not. 2, 1861. 

A. L. Gordon is author of Ashtanftk, a Wrtoal drama, 
published at Melhoume, 1877; also of Bush Ballads and: 
Galloping Bhymes, a volume aof poems, published in 
1870, containing some scenes from " The Road to Ayer^ 
nuB, an unpublished drama. 

Mr. Thomas Harrison is author of an original farce, 
performed at Melbourne, October, 1856, by the Oarrick 
Club of Melbourne. 

Mrs. H. Heron (Emily Manninff). — This lady, the 
daughter of Sir Wm. Montagu Manning, Knt, of 
Sydney, LL.D. [formerlyAttomey-Generalof New South 
Wales], is author of Poems by "Australie," published in 
1877 in London. This Tolume contains " The Balance- 
of Pain," a dramatic sketch in two scenes, and " The- 
Emigrants," a dramatic cantata in three acts. 

Mr. Hill, of the Auckland Theatre, New Zealand, was^ 
author of ViUikins and his Dindh, an original burlesquCr 
written for performance during the Easter holidays in 

Francis R. C. Hopkins is author of All for Gold, or 
FiflyMmioneof Money,^pUj, 
Royal, Melbourne, June, 1877. 

play, produced at the Theatre- 

Mr. Henry Hughes, music teacher, Melbourne, pro^ 
duced an operetta, entitled Les Fleurs de Savoie, on* 
Not. 8, 1874, at the Athenssnm, Melbourne. I presume 
that Mr. Hughes is author of the libretto as well as com<^ 
noser of the music of the opera (see Australian Sieteher^ 

Captain Morin Humphreys.— In a letter from th» 
Bra*s correspondent, dated Melbourne, Sept. 4, 1877, 
Captain Humphreys is mentioned as author of Coi^etsei 
at Last. 9k new play, written for the Melbourne eUkt. 

Mr. B. Hutchinson is author of an adaptation of Thff 
White Cat, a pantomime, acted in Janua^, 1875, at tbr 
Victoria Theatre Sydney. 

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B.iy.j<rLT28.'8i.i NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Mr. MacOill, of Adelaide, South Aaatralia, is author 
4>f a bnrleaqae drama, performed in August, 1879, at the 
Academy of Music, Adelaide. 

Mr. B. C. Miller is sud to be author of What may 
Aappen to a Man in Victoria, a plav, performed, in or 
about May, 1878, at the Princess's Theatre, Melbourne. 
The authorship has also been ascribed to Mr. C. 

Mr. Ogden, actor at Dunedin, N.Z.. is author of 
Forgotten, an original play, acted in April or May, 1879, 
4tt the Queen's Theatre, Dunedin. 

Mr. J. C. Paterson was author of a play (not named) 
said in the Australian correspondent's letter, JBra, Oct. 6, 
1872, to be in the prompter's hands for production at the 
Princess's Theatre, Melbourne, in 1872. 

Mr. T. Parett, of Melbourne, is author of an adapta- 
4ion of Tke Enchanted UU, a burlesque, for the Theatre 
EoTal, Melbourne, January, 1856. 

George P. Pickering, editor of BdCt Life in Sydney, 
was author of a play (name unknown) acted in Sydney 
About 1866 (see W. Walker's Auttralian Literature, 
Sydney, 1864. 8?o.). 

Joseph Pieker^ffill is author of Catekina tke Kellyt, a 
«omedy, produced at the Theatre Royal, Melbourne, 
in March or April, 1879 (see Atutralian of April 5, 

Captain D. Pole is author of Love's Stratagem, a play, 
produced in July, 1856, at the Victoria Theatre, Sydney. 

Mr. E. Lewis Soott is author of Rdbineon Orntoe, a 
new burlesque drama, acted in January, 1875, at the 
<^iieen's Theatre, Sydney. 

Edward Searle is author of the libretto of The Gentle- 
man in Black, an opera in three acts. Music composed 
by S. H. March. Printed at the Punch office, Mel- 
l)oume, 1861. Performed by Lyster's Opera Company, 
and said to be the first original opera produced in 

Mr. Harold W. H. Stephen is author of Drill, a comedy, 
produced Oct. 6, 1877, at the VictorU Theatre, l^dney. 

Mr. J. B. Stephen, of Queensland. — This gentleman 
is author of two poetic volumes. Ho is mentioned as 
baring written some burlesques (query if burlesque 
dramas). See Australian Men of the Time, published 
about a year ago. 

Mr. Towers.— On Feb. 18, 1875, Miss Bosa Towers, a 
natiye of Dunedin, aged ten years, appeared at the 
^eatre Royal, Melbourne, in a drama written by her 
lather, entitled it Waif of the Streets. 

Mr. J. J. TJtting, of the Dunedin press, is author of 
A sensational drams, written for the Bateses, 1875 {Era 
-correspondent's letter from Dunedin, April 10, 1876). 

Sir JuliuB Vogel [formeriy Premier of New Zealand].— 
This gentleman is author of Lady Audley's Secret, a play 
in fire acts (dramatised froa Miss Braddon^s norel), 
performed at Melbourne, June, 1863. It was first per- 
cormed at Dunedin, New Zeaknd. 

Mr. J. J. Wallace, an actor, is the author, in copjunc- 
tion with Mr. H. Watkins, of The Irish ExiU, a play 
performed at Adelaide, South Australia, in August, 

Mr. Ward, formerly a member of the Legislatire 
Assembly of New Zealand, is the author of two anony- 
oous dramatic sketches in Punch in Canterbury, pub- 
lished by Ward k ReoTes, Christ Church, New Zealand, 
1865, 4to. The titles of the pieces are (1) ** The Villain 
of the Velvet Veskit," a drama in two or three acts, 
"by a member of the Dramatic Lunatic Asylum"; 
<2) •< The Noble Barbarians, or the Soldier, the Sayage, 
and the Submission." 

Cecil Wray is author of Through the World, a play 
which was performed in April, 1874, at Brighton, ia 
ABgland, bat was first performed in Australia. 


A Dream of the Past, or Valerian, a dramatic poem* 
by " Unda," Melbourne, 1874 (Aug.). ^ ' 

The Explorers, and other Poems, by M. C, published 
at Melbourne, 1874. This yolume contains translations 
from the Iphigenia in Tauris, of Goethe, the Phidre 
of Racine, and the WaUenstein of Schiller. 

In The Month, a magazine published at Sydney about 
1867-8, there is in vol. i. "The Letters," a farce, 
pp. 288-90, and in toI. ii., p. 18, a translation of the 
opening scene of Schiller's f%esco. 

HuvJmg, a comic magazine, Melbourne, December. 
1869, contains three " Plays for the Million," yiz., (1) 
"Ben Backstay, theBoatswain/'adrama; (2) "Beppo,the 
Bloodstained,'^ a melo-drama; (3) "CaBhDown,"afaroe. 

The Melhoume Punch contains many dramatic sketches. 
A few titles of these pieces are : rol. L, " The Garrick 
Prologue," a dramatic sketch in one act; "A Panto- 
mime," a dramatic sketch in two acts. In some of the 
succeeding yolumes are : " Oyer the Walnuts,** a drama» 
in an indefinite number of aoU, 1857 ; " Ball Practice/' 
a domestic drama, 1857; "HinU to British Play- 
Wrights," with two scenes from '< Mackintosh," a pUy, 
by "A. Vamp.,*' 1857; "The Ticker," a drama, 1868 j 
*'The Deformed Transformed," a tragi-comedy, 1859; 
*' Cabinet Secrets," a drama, 1860 ; '* Merchant of Mel- 
bourne," a drama in two acts, 1861 ; " Damages,'* a 
comedietta, 1862 ; parodies of the last scenes of BanUet 
and OtheUo, Jn\y 17 and 24,1862; <' Kerosene," a farce, 
August, 1862 ; " The Lunar Voyage," an orighial sen- 
sation drama, 1865; "Accidental Insurance,^' a prose 
drama in one scene, 1865; new sensation drama, 
" Lany-na-Poke, or Larry of the Kick," 1865 ; ** Beally 
the most Awful Trash," a Christmas pantomime in twe 
acts, 1867, &c. One of the contributors to Melbourne 
Punch was the late Mr. G. R. Morton, grandson of the 
British dramatist Possibly some of the pieces named 
aboye proceeded from his pen. 

B. Iholib. 



BarachisB Nicdani Parabolas Vulpium, translatas ex 
Hebraiea in Linguam Latinam, Opera B. P. Melohioris 
Hanel. Small 8yo. PragSB, 1661.— Very rare. De Sacy's 
copy sold for 27 fr. 50 cent. 

Schopper (H.).~8peculum Vitss Aulicae: De admirabili 
Fallacifi et Astutia Vulpeculss Reinikes. 24mo., Frankf.- 
ad-Moen., 1595. 

Mone (F. J.).— Beinardus Vulpes, Carmen Epicum, 
Seculis IX. et XII. oonseriptum. 8yo., Stuttgardiss et 
TubingsB, 1832. 

Beinardus Vulpes. Pols'ma ante annum 1280 a quodum 
B&ldwino e lingua Teutonica translatum. Bz uno super- 
stite exemplo circa annum 1473. Ultnjeeti per Nie. 
Kettelaer et Leempt impressum, k., recadi 
curayit M. F. A. G. CampbelL 8yo., Hagas Comitis, 1859. 

* [No. I. Fairy Mythology, No. II. Caricatures, &^ 8. 
yi. 181 : No. III. The Year, 5*S. rii. 182; No. IV. Ger- 
man Popular Mythology, No. V. Courts of Loye, 
No. VL History of Fiction, 6* S. yii. 862: No. VIL 
Books Suppressed and Condemned, No. VIII. Stuarts 
and Pseudo-Stuarts, No. IX. The Golden Rose, 6t>> S. 
iU. 464.1 

t This list does not include the smaller editions 
of Reynard to be found in the various collections of 
German and Flemish folk-books. 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 


NOTES AND QUERIES. i6«iS.iv.JuLT28/8i. 

Be Olde Kejnike Vofli, iijg« gedraket met eydlykem 
irontande and scbonen figaren eriuchtet and Terbetest. 
4to., Fnnkfurt-sm-Mayn, by Dayiden Zepheliam, 

Beinaert de Vm, EpiBcb Fabeldiebt Ton Twaelfde en 
JDertiende Eeaw, met Anmerkingen en Opbelderingen 
Tin J. W. Willemi. 8to., Gent, 1836. 

Reinbart Foobf. Yon Jacob Qrimm. 8ro., Berlin, 

Sendiobreiben an Karl Laebmann ilber Beinbart 
Fachf. Von Jacob Qrimm. 8to.» Leipsie, 1840. 

Beineke Yos, nacbdem Lubecker Aosgabe Tom Jahre 
1498. Mit Einleitang, Oloesar, and Anmerkungen Ton 
Hoffman ron Falleraleben. 8to., Breslau, 1834. 

Beineke de Yoa, nacb der altesten AuMabe (Lnbeck» 
1498). Mit Binleitnng. Anmerkangen^nnd Worterbacbe 
▼on Angust Labben. 8to., Oldenburg, 1867. 

Yanden Yos Beinardt UitgeTen en toegelicbt door 
W. J. A. Jonokbloet 8to., Groningen, 1856. 

Etade but le Boman de Benart. Far W. J. A. Jonck- 
bloet 8to., Gronigue, 1868. 

Beineke de Yoes. Mit eener Yorklaring der olden 
Saaaiacben Worde. Small 8to., Eatin, 1798. 

Beineke der Fucbi. Yierte TerbeMcrte Anigabe. Mit 
neuen Kapfern Terscbonert nacb Zeicbnangen Ton Prof. 
L. Eicbter in Dresden. Small 8to., Leipxig. 

Beineke Facba. TJebertragen Ton D. W. Soltau. 2** 
Auflage. Small 8to., 1854. 

Neuer Beineke Fucha. Yon Adolf Glaaabrenner. Small 
Sto., Leipaig, 1846. 

Beinbart Fucba^ua dem Mittelniederlandiacben. Zum 
•ratenmal in das Hocbdentacbe iiberaetzt Ton A. F. H. 
Oeyder. 8to.. Brealaa, 1844. 

Le Boman du Benart. Public d'aprte lea MSS. de la 
Bibliotb^ae da Boi dea XIII% X1Y% et XY* Si^clea 
par M. D. M. M6on. 4 tomea. 8to., Paria, 1826. 

Le Boman du Benart, Supplement, Yariantea, et Cor- 
rectiona. Publi6 d'apr^ lea MSS. de la Biblioib^ue 
du Boi et de la Bibltotbdque de FAraenal par P. 
Gbabairo. 8yo.. Paria, 1836. 

Lee Bomana du Benard examin^a, analyate, et com- 
par^a d'aprte lea Teztea ManuaoriU lea plua anciena, lea 
Publicationa Latinea, Flamandea, Allemandea, et Fran- 
^iaea, &o. Par M. A. Botbe. 8to. Paria, 1845. 

Lea ATcnturea de Mattre Benart et d'Yaengrin son 
Compare, miaea en noaveaa Langage, raoont6ea dana on 
nouTel Ordre, et auiT^ea de nouTellea recbercbea aur le 
Boman de Benart. Par Paolin Paris. Small 8to., Paria. 

Le Boman du Benard mis en Tera d'aprte lea Teztes 
originauz, pr6c6d6 d'une Introduction et d'une Biblio- 
grapbie. Par Cb. Potrin. Small 8ro., Bruzellea, 1861. 

Tbe Hiatorye of BcTnart tbe Foxe, from tbe Edition 

frinted by Cazton in 1481, witb Introduction and Notea 
y William J. Tboma, F.S. A. Bjo,, London. 1844 (Percy 

The Meet Delectable Uiatoij of Beynard tbe Foz, 
rewly corrected and purged from all Groaaenesae in 
Phraae and Matter. 4to.. London, J. Bell, 1650. 

The Moat Delectable Hiatoir of Beynard the Fox, 
newly corrected and with a Second Part of the aaid 
Hiatory, alao the Shifts of Beynardine, the Son of 
Beynard the Fox. 4to., London, Edward Brewster, 
1701. ' 

The Most Delectable Hiatory of Beynard tbe Fox 
and of hia Son BeTnardine. Small 8to., London, 1844. 

The Most Delightful History of Beynard the Fox in 
Heroic Yerse. 4to., London, Thomas Passenger, ICSl, 

The Crafty Courtier; or. the Fable of Befaiard the Fox, 
newly done into Enffliah Yerse from tbe Ancient Latin 
Iambics of Hartm. Seboppems. 8to., London, John Nutt^ 

Beynard tbe Fox, a Borleaqne Poem of the Fifteenth^ 
Oentunr. Traoalated from the Low German original hy 
D. W. Soltaa. 8to., Hambargh, 1826. 

The Most Delectable Hiatory of Beynard tbe Fox. 
Edited by F(eltx) S(ammerly), with 24 pictures 
(ooloared) by A. Yaa Brerdingen. Small 4to., London, 
1846, morocco. 

Bernard tbe Fox. After the German Termon of Goethe 
by IJiomas James Arnold, Esq., with Illustrations hj 
Joseph Wolf. 8to.,1855. 

BeTnaid the Fox : a renowned ApolcMpoie of the 
Middle Ages reproduced in Bhyme. 8to., 1845. 

Bia Ouiu 

Statutb Fairs called " Mops."— I was able 
in June, 1859 (2>« S. tu. 454X to show that this 
word was printed ''Mapp" in a Worcestershiie 
hand-bill of the last centary, and Mr. Ttlouas 
BoTB (p. 486) explained the deriTatlon of the 
woid from mappa« Since that time much has 
been done, both in England and Scotland, to 
remore or mitigate the gross abuses of the 
statate fairs; bnt the Mops still remain, though 
shorn of some of their worst features. The name 
Mop is still retained, and " the King's Norton Mop " 
was held on Oct. 4, 1880. The reporter of the 
Birmingham Daily (Tosstts, describing the same, 
says that *' its rural features haye been entirely 
swamped by an inyasion of rowdyism from Bir- 
mingham." The mild Arcadians, too, were found 
to bo almost as cute and honest as the Heathen 
Chinee. The reporter winds up thus : — 

" As the day wore on, the inflax of BirmiDsbanr 
people of the lowest type took possession of the Tillage, 
and the whole of tbe rintors yielded themselTes entirely 
to enjoyment. The place is exceptionally gifted ii» 
respect of licensed bonses^ and the wnolsesale absorption 
of liquids there annually earned on is obriously the^ 
explanation of tbe title ' The Eing*s Norton Mop/ by 
which the assembly is at present commonly known. 
The decadence, howcTer, everywhere bewailed, dearly 
points to the fact that ' the Mop ' is fast fading inta 
tbe infinite asure of the past." 

The writer would appear to connect the word 
Mop with drinking, and perhaps thought of the 
slang phrase for drunkenness (already noticed in 
'' K. & Q.") '* mops and brooms.'' He would find 
the history of Mmm in an article from my pen in 
the lUuMtraUd London Newt, Oct. 26, 1878. I 
also wrote papers on the same subject in 1862 in 
the Leisure Hour and Archdeacon Denison's 
Ohurd^ and SiaU Review. In that year the late 
Lord Lyttelton, who was ever foremost in eood 
deeds, took the chair at a county meeting held in 
Worcester for ** the suppression of Mops." That 
and similar meetings led to the establishment, 
by clergy and laity, of "Servants^ Registration 
Societies" in those towns and phices where Mops 
were held. A ''Mop tea" was giyen by the 
farmers in some Midland Tillages in place of the 
annual merry-making. The mope that are held late 
in October or early in November are curiously 
called " Runaway Mops." Guthbbbt Beds. 

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» S. IV. July 28, mj NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Db. Hook ahd Eyjivoxlicausx : av Un- 
FUBLI8HBD LiTTBR. — The followiog letter was 
written to John T. MacheU, Esq., of Bererler. It 
was occasioned by a leaflet entitled Thougku an 
ihe Tinui, written by the Rev. Cams Wilson, 
H.A., Bector of Whittington. The matter had 
originally appeared in the Frisndly ViiUor^ Feb- 
mary^ 1842, and was sepaiately reprinted thence 
l»y the Wesleyans, and sold by John Mason, 14, 
City Boad, at one shilling per hondred for distri- 
bution. Baptismal regeneration, reserre, and 
apostolical succession, wmch "sentiments hare for 
some time been maintained and preached within 
the pale of oar own Chaich,'' are highly censored 
as *^the Tory easence of Popery.'' Mr. Wilson 
sopports his statements by instances of his own 
experience (?) ; one '* clersyman might be named 
who keeps his snrplice in nis bedroom, and nerer 
yentores to say his private prayers except when 
wearing if: — 

Yicang^ Leeds, 16 May, 1842. 

DiAB Sis,— The Paper yoa haTe forwarded to me has 
been dreolated here, and when a few days ago 1 preached 
in Preston a man was itationed at the Door of the 
Chnrch to distribute them. 

That the Mothodisti should approre of the Paper is 
not to be wondered at: they are not bonnd bj any 
pledgee to our book of Conmion Prayer. Bat it ii etrange 
that Mr, Caras Wileon ehould avow himself an anti- 
baptismal Heretie, for l^ bo doing he annoonoes himself 
tobegnSlty of a lin yoit like peijury in addition to his 
Heresy^for he solemn^ declares bis unfeigned assent 
& consent to the Book of Common Prayer, in which the 
Doctrine of Rmaeration by Ood the Holy Spirit in the 
Saenment of fikpiiam is onequiTOoally decUred. 

I know not how any one can answer this silly and 
wicked production. But perhaps the best Book to read 
on BegMicration is Bp. Bethell's Treatise on the subject ; 
on the Apoetolical Suecession, see Perceval's Treatise; 
and on Reserre see Mr. Williams {tie) second Tract on the 
subject among the Oxford Tracts. Probably the best 
answer would be— copious extracts from our baptismal 
office; the List of Bishops inPsroeral; k copions ex- 
tracts from Mr. Williams. 

But answers are seldom of use : the same Persons who 
Hke the original Paper wUl not read the answer. I 
believe the best phm is to return the Compliment and 
make an ftttacL If any one would extract aU the 
passages of Scripture condemnatorj of the Pharisees,— 
and instead of Pharisees adopt the word 'EraqgelicaU ' ; 
I am sure the worid would be astonished to see how 
wonderfully those Scriptures are applicable to these 
Utter Persons. I remain. Bear Sir, 

Your obliged humble Ser?', 

W. F. Hook. 

W. 0. B. 

Ths Oitt of Londoh Bsouobht (anU^ p. 26). 
— I venture now to ask for the insertion of the 
following letter, which appeared in the City Frtsi 
on the 2nd inst. To my mind it explains Ute 
whole case in a very succinct manner :~^ 
*'Toiki SdiiMT <tf1keCfify Prets. 

••Six,— Sir Garnet Wolseley, whoee opiiuons on 
soldiers should, eyen in these days when prestige is 
little tbostght of, have some weight, has said, ' Ifo man 

who knows soldiers or their peculiar way of thinking, 
or who was acquainted with tbe many little trifles that 
go to make up uprU de corps, and that form a tie 
between it and discipline, would oTer deprive a soldier 
of any peculiarity that he prided himself on without 
haTing some overpowering reason for doing so.' Since, 
then, the Bofis cnerish their connexion with the City, 
and even bv their ancient badge— the dragon, stui 
carried on their flag— claim me as a blood relation, and 
rince the City are proud of this ancient regiment, the 
descendants of those < Prentice Boys of Chepe' whose 
valour has doubtless so often been stirred by my bells, 
I am constrained to inquire in whose favour tney are to 
be supplanted. The 7th Boyal Fusiliers are to be dubbed 
the City of London Begiment* for which there is not a 
shadow of a pretence. Quoting from their historical 
record, publisbed by authority of the Horse Quards, I 
find that the first two companies were of rery old date, 
having been independent companies in the Tower of 
London many years. The other ten companies were 
raised in London and its ricinity by George Loid Bart- 
mouth, the warrant beios dated June 20th, 1680. They 
were, as their name inoicates, an ordnance regimen^ 
employed on serrice in that royal fortress which ever 
disputed the City's Jurisdiction, and by their very em- 
ployment therein they claimed exemption from the 
burdens of citisenship. Indeed, at the time of their 
being made a regiment. King James II., by his charter, 
settled the disputes as to boundaries, which had ocoupied 
the Privv Council and the citixens from the days of good 

Sneen Bess, and created the Tower Hamlets, to which, 
territorial connexion is to be pleaded, they undoubtedly 
Perhaps the Cinoinnatus of that borough may 

be induced from his retirement to urge its claims on hu 
whilom colleagues of the Ministry. But there is to be 
a City of London Regiment and a Kentish Regiment. 
Oood. It will be urged that the Buffs since 1782 have 
by royal command been called the East Kent Regimen^ 
whilst by the same warrant the 7th were styled the 
Derbyshire. Now if both regiments are to have their 
territorial titles changed, it seems odd that the fact, of 
which the Royal Fusiliers are doubtless proud, should 
have escaiied the notice of H.R.H. the Commander-in- 
Chief, that his royal uncle, the father of our illustrious 
Queen, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, was their colonel 
from 1789 till 1801, and that whilst under his command 
in Gibraltar, Canada, &c., they became, according to 
their historic records, one of the most efficient corps in 
the service. They, then, have incontestable claims to 
be styled the Kentish Regiment, but emphatically none 
to rank as Cockneys. Give me, then, my Buffs ; and 
shioe they Talue my protection let them, as of old, rally 
under the protecting wings of 

Tbb Dragox or Bow." 

An Old OrrioKB of ''Thb Buffs." 

Ettxoloot of ''Qhktto.'' — ItatfiistoocoRed 
to me that this name might have been derived 
from an Italian diminutive ending in ghetto^ as 
b&rgJutto. Bat on perusing Ecscn and Graber 
{Allgm. Eneyk) I found that in 1376 a ^'Phuse'' 
in Capua went by the name of S. Nicolo ad 
JudoMxm; and the same cydopeedia, speaking 
of the Ghetto at Leghorn, &c., says : <Vtu2ae(iy 
Judasfuria, oder Judaica genannt^ woraus der 
italienische Kamen Giudecca; nnd aus dlesem 
wahrscheinlich cormmpirt Ghetto entstand **; and 
Manage (Le Origini dma Lingva Itoliatui) gives : 
<* Ghetto, Inogo o quartiere dove abitano i Giudei 

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NOTES AND QUERIES. [6«* s. iv. jult 28, -si. 

tra i Gristiani. Non so. Forse da OiudaicUum ; 
e b' intende elaustrun^ o oosa simile. Qiudaiutum, 
citum, getum, ghUum^ gJuUum. II Sr. Ferrari dice 
easere qaeata yoce ' inoertffi originis.'" And words 
are sometimes formed in this way : witness vfig 
for perriwig, for perruke. The name Ghetto, how- 
ever, is not oonGned to Italy, being found also in 
Qermany and other parts of Europe, && One of 
the gates of Mellah, in Fezzan, is called Ghetta 
I take it, therefore, it is more probable that the 
derivation of the word must be sought in one of 
the Oriental languages. The word might perhaps 
have been formed from H. n*ljl* ^o ^^^ off ; or 
perhaps etymologically connected with ghet, which 
Bescherelle renders ^'Acte de divorce chez les 
anciens Juifs ; lettre par laquelle nn Juif declare h 
sa femme qu'U la r^pudie"; or its root pj, which 
Zanolini {Lex, Ckaldaiea-Babbinicum) renders 
^libellns, scheda^'' and adds, "Hoc nomen ^j| 
generale est, oomplectiturque omnes litteras con- 
tractuum, et instrumentorum. Hinc in Bavk KamcLf 
foL 95, ^^17 E3J|. LittoraB debitis vel crediti, per- 
Bonarum ratione habita. Per Synecdochen autem 
nomine {QJ significatnr libellus repudii; litteise 
divortiL Sic in Mima in Tractatu p^J Gittin." 

If so, I take it that Ghetto might mean ** a place 
cut off from the rest of the town," a secluded pUce. 
R. S. Gharnock. 
li^ Adelpbi Terrace. 

P.S.~ Since writing the above, I find I am con- 
firmed by Hofmannus {Lex, Univ.), who renders 
Oheth, " vox Hebrsea, qua utebantur Judsei ad rqm- 
dium denotandum, in damnatione mulierum. Hodid 
ver6 significat locum separatum ac septum, in 
nrbibus Christianorum, ubi k fidelibus seclusa 
separataque hsec natio habitat Ital. etiam Ohetto, 
quod vocabulum secundum Eabbalaa regulas 
numerum duodenarium designans, XII. Tribuum 
repudium apposite notat. Car, Maoer, in Hurol" 

Thb Harrisons of Korfolk (concluded from 
J. 27). — ^Ann Harrison, not traced in note * 
[<< N. & Q.," 6tb a xL 229X married John Gowen of 
Farmouth Sept. 6, 1801, and had issue two sons, 
John and Bobert ; the former bom March 27, 1802, 
died March 19, 1821 ; the latter died June 23, 1830, 
affed 25. Mr. Gowen, who was a son of Isaac and 
Mary Gowen of Ravens Hall, Langley, and brother 
to Isaac Gowen of Bunham (marsh farmerX died 
Deo. 24, 1841, aged 69, his relict Feb. 10, 1844, 
and all rest near their deceased xelatives at Baxgh 
Oastle, Suffolk. 

In the next note t, same page, for ''Thomas' 
read WiUiam and for " Bedon " read Omml This 
William Floranoe died October, 1880. His brother 
Thomas, who was bom at Horsey in 1784, and 
married Sarah Cooper at Great Ormesby in 1818, 

St lives at Burgh, where his father, also named 
Lomas, and Ann his wife were buried in 1839, 


aged 91 and 82 respectively. His grandfather, 
William Floranoe of Upton, who survived his wife 
Mary {fUc Smith) nearly five vears. died in 1789, 
aged 7^ and both were buried, witn many of his 
family, in that parish. 

It may be observed that two links are wanted 
in the lineal descent of Mr. H. Y. D. Harrison,* of 
Buigh Castle (who attained his majority on 
June 23, 1881, and is now making a second virit 
to Anstnlia, some part of which was explored by 
his fj&ther in 1852-3). These are the certificates of 
the marriage of Thomas Harrison, of Great Plom- 

stead, with Ann between 1646 and 1663, and 

of the baptism of Susan Flight about 1731-2. 
She was the wife of the ^ eccentric John Harrison," 
also of Plnmstead, and is believed to have been a 
sister of Elizabeth, second of the three wives of 
Stei^en Fatter, of Lingwood ; but the entries, 
either through Uie non-preservation of the register 
books, or the neglect or the custodians thereof to 
search, have not yet been found, although a liberal 
reward has been well advertised for them. 

In the earlier articles upon the fomily in 
^ N. & Q." there is an absence of precise dates and 
details, but most of these to 1861 can be obtained 
hj reference to the pedigree drawn by Mr. James 
Hargrave Harrison, which, as before stated, may 
be seen in the College of Arms and in the Library 
of the British Museum. 

William Habrisok Budd. 

Great Yarmouth. 

" Manitoloot,'' a New Scibncb.— As this 
word may possibly be destined hereafter to have a 
place in our dictionaries, and as the science must 
be new to many persons, the following cutting 
from an article in the Dot^ Neio»y June 7, may 
not be devoid of interest : — 

"Manitolosy has nothing to do with the Manes of the 
dead, or with the laws of Manu. It is an American 
science of very recent date, and is concerned with the 
nature and properties of Manitous. Even now there 

* He is descended on his mother's side from Thomas 
Dolman, Esq., an opulent clotbmaker, of Newbury, and 
Elisabeth his wife, daughter of James Harrison of 
Southampton, singularly enough his paiemal ancestor 
(see "N. k Q.," b^ S. x. 175). Mr. Dolman, who was 
buried at Eintburj, co. Berks, in 1575, left three sons^ 
the elder of whom, (Sir) Thomas, in 1581, built the 
stately mansion at Shaw which is historically known in 
connexion with the battles of Newbury, that of 1644 
giving rise to the motto of the family, '' King and law, 
shout Dolman at Shaw." In 1591, three years after being 
Sheriff of Berkshire, he married Margaret, daughter of 
Sir William Forster, of Aldermaston Park. Sir Thomas, 
his great-grandson, a son of Sir Thomas and brother 
of Sir Humphrey Dolman, one of the clerks of the Privy 
Council in 1682, espoused Dorothy, daughter of John 
Harrison, Esq., of Scarborough, and surriring her four 
years, died in 1711, aged 54. She was heir to her brother 
of the same names, and widow of Heniy Ball, Esq., 
Windsor Herald, an office recently held by the late Mr. 
Oeorge Harrison. Shaw House, during the residence of 
the Dolmans, was more than once risited by royalfy. 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 

«*S.IV. Jiji.t23.'81.1 



mftT be persons who see but little iVirther into the passle, 
and need to hare it explained that the Manitou is the 
animal which appears to the Bed Indian after the reli- 
sloos practices which answer to confirmation. At abont 
Fourteen years of age all Indians are obliged to fast till 
they see a Tition of an animal, which animal then be- 
comet their patron saint and protecting spirit There is 
no use in going against one's Manitou. If he was a bear, 
his wonhipper's character will resemble that of Dr. 
Johnson. If he was a serpent, slyness will be the 
characteristic of his doTotee. One old chief of a fighting 
tribe nerer went to war at all, aivning that, as his 
Manitou was a timid fawn, he would be certain to run 
away. As belicTers in Manitous carre images of them, 
which they wear as badges, Mr. Dorman, an American 
Manitologist, has deduced heraldry and animal worship, 
like that of the Egyptians, from Manitouism. The 
science which pursues these researches, then, is Mani- 
tology, which may pair off as a queer word witn its elder 
sister. Sociology.'* 


Stalwart. — This, I believe, is generally con- 
sidered to be an obsolete word, naed by Ghanoer 
and writers of hb time to signify ''stoat and 
brare," bnt hardly ever employed now by polite 
writers. Recently the word has been reviyed, 
bat with a modified meaning. It is said it was 
employed by Mr. Blaine in 1877 to designate all 
those Americans who were determined to keep 
alive ''hostility to the Soath'' as a political 
motive. Still more recently the word has acqaired 
a new and more special meaning, and it is said is 
now applied to all Americans who fix their faith 
on " Conkling and Pkitt for ever.^ If these two 
forms of use are only temporary political slang, it 
is well to note the application ; bat if oar coasins 
in the States intend to give permanence to the 
word with any meaning other than "stoat and 
brave,'' it wonld be very desirable clearlv to de- 
fine it. Edward Sollt. 

Greetihg thb New Moon ik Fiji. — There is, 
I find, in Colo ("the devil coantry'' as it is 
ealledX in the mountainoas interior of Yiti Leva, 
the lugest island of Fiji, a very cnrioas method 
of greeting the new moon, that may not, as few 
Earopeans have visited this wild part, have been 
noticed. The native on seeing the thin crescent 
nB% above the hills salates it with a prolonged 
''Ah !" at the same time qaickly tapping his open 
month with his hand, thas producing a rapid 
Tibratory sound. I inqaired of a chief in the 
town the meaning and origin of this castom, 
and my interpreter told me that he said "we 
always look and hunt for the moon in the sky, 
and when it oomes we do so to show our pleasure 
at finding it again. I don't know the meaning 
of it, onr Others always did sa'' 

I wrote yon some weeks aso a note from Samoa 
npon " Pacific Islands Folk-fore." A very similar 
cQfltom as to sneezing, mentioned by me, oiUs, p. 87, 
prevails here. When yon sneeze the natiyes say 
^Bola" to yoDy meaning "good health." The 

meaning is mach the same as the Samoan " Soefha"; 
the worn only is different. 

Alfred St. Johkstov. 
Colo, Viti Leva, PijL 

The Borouoh op Appleby, Westmoreland. 
•—In the World, May 11, 1881, this short para- 
graph appeared : — 

"In the CBrioas old close borongh of Applehy in 
Westmoreland a * BoU of Freeholders is kept, which is 
called oyer at one of the courts of the horough yearly. 
At the court just held the roll wss read, and it was 
found that it now comprises two names only — those of 
the Earl of Lonsdale and Sir H. J. Tufton." 
The borongh formerly returned two members to 
Parliament, but was disfranchised in 1832. 


Surrey Folk-lore.— To-day (July 15) is St 
Swithin's Bay : brilliant, cloudless, hot. But last 
night, as the soft white mist rose over the meads, 
an old dame said to me, "We must have some 
rain to-morrow, sir, to ehristm the appUsJ* " What 
is thatl" said I. "Why, they always say, if 
there's no rain on St. Swithin's Day, the apples 
don't get christened, and then they comes to 
nothing." Now verrons* A. J. M. 

SiNOiTLAR Surnames. — The French Refagee 
registers offer many instances. I note three or 
four :— Magdelaine Dieulefit, Elizabeth Tout le 
Monde, Marguerite Patemostre, David Toussaint, 
Douxsaint, and Abraham Painetvin. H. W. 

New Univ. Club. 


Wo must request correspondents desiring information 
on family matters of only private interest, to ftflfix their 
names and addresses to their queries, in order that the 
answers may be addressed to them direct 

Lists of Emigrants.— Mr. J. 0. Hotten pub- 
lished in 1874 Original LisU of EmigrcmU who 
wmi from Oreat Britain to the American Flanta- 
tioni 1600 to 1700. Are there any other such 
lists in print and MS. in this country; and, if so, 
where, and for which years ? Have our American 
cousins any printed, MS., or official (Government) 
lists of emiffrants from Great Britain, showing 
from what ships and where and when they landed 
in America, and what eventually became of them, 
&C.; also any such lists of those who went from 
one plantation to another, and when ? If so, will 
American correspondents kindly indicate them, 
and where they are to be found? Such information 
would help any one to trace out fully the careers 
of emigrants who went to the American plantations 
from this country. 0. Mabok. 

8, Gloucester Crescent, Hyde Park, W. 

Mbtrical Datb to bk Iktbrprbted. — ^In the 
catalogue of W. Roscoe's libraiy, sold at Liverpool 


NOTES AND QUERIES. i««*8.iv.jw.t28/8i. 

in 1816, ^No. 574, S. JohaDnis Chnnottomi 
Homilin LXIL in Evangeliam S. Matthni a 
Georgio Trapezantio Latind redditn. Folio, with- 
oat note of date or printer, bat printed at Stras- 
barg by John Mentelin," has at the end of the 
Yolame the following MS. lines and date, in red 
ink by the rabricator : — 

*'Tar tria iont aeptem, aeptem aez, aez qaoqae trea 
8i nameraa recti, tibi facit mlllia quhiqae." 1473. 

In Lord Spenoer'a copy of this edition there ap- 
pears a MS. date of " 1466, Argent," which assigns 
this work to a very early period in the annals of 
tnwgraphy (vide Dibdin's Bibl. Spmc^ L 196). 
This latter date, 1466, seems to be accepted by 
Dr. Dibdin as probably the correct one. Bat 
1473 does not result from any combination of the 
figores in the MS. lines that I can make, and it is 
hoped that some of your correspondents may be 
able to work out the rieht date. The lines may 
refer to the time when &ey were written, and not 
to the date of the book itself. 


BLAiRQUHAH.^Oan any stadent of Celtic word- 
lore enlighten me as to the meaning of the above 
— the name of an estate in Ayishirei The termina- 
tion, quhan, appears in various parts of the Low- 
lands of Scotland, as Boqahan, Stroquhan, and 
others ; and Blairqohan has generally been held 
by the inhabitants to mean the "Field of fairies." 
Now how auhan can possibly mean fietiries I fail 
to see. " Field of fairies " would surely be Anck- 
na-tUhiehiafif or Dal-na-iUhichean (for Blair in 
most cases means the scene of a battle, or a dry 
barren field, neither of which could be meet 
trysting ground for fairies). If qyhan be Oaelic, 
it must DC a corrupt form, such as quaichy the 
Lowland form of ettaie&, a cup ; but ^uA is surely 
a Teutonic, not a Gaelic, combination. Quhan is, 
indeed, the old Scotch form of " when " in the 
dialect of Teviotdale ; but this is of little service in 
tracing the meaning of Blairquhan. It has been 
suggested that the estate was named after the 
family of the present proprietor, the Hunter 
Blairs; but the old castle of Slairquhan was held 
by the funily of Whitefoord, and before them by 
the Kennedies of Blairquhan, the maUmal ances- 
tors of the present proprietor ; so that Uie mean- 
ing of the word must be sought in its own ety- 
mology. F. C. HcKTBR Blair. 


This well-known branch of " Umberslade " held 
lands about Hanley Castle and Welland in the 
seventeenth century. Their armorial sepulchral 
8lab8(by the way, incorrectly given in Nash's Hist, 
of Woree$ter$hMre\ when I saw them in 1872, 
were in admirable preservation, not a letter being 
effaced in the inscriptions. They were within the 
Gommnnion railing (for which security they had 

doabtless paid in their day), and a third was over 
a side door to the memory of William Archer, who 
had contributed to the endowmenta of the church. 
Since 1872 this church of Welland has been 
*' restored,** and during the operation these Archer 
monuments have been so successfully obliterated 
and broken up that the epitaphs are now quite 
illegiblei I confess I am surprised that these 
memorials should not have been protected, as it 
was an Ann Archer of this family whom the 
founder (so to speak) of the elder branch of the 
Leehmere family (Ext. Peerage) married. These 
Archers were Royalists, and seem (accordinff to 
the Royalist Composition Papers) to have suffered 
severely for their loyalty. Will anv of the reader* 
of ** N. & Q.'' oblige me with a &ithfal copy of 
the monumental inscriptions of Welland Church 
as they were in 1872 ? 

I can quite understand that it is an ad- 
vantage, and in some respects risht, that the 
nouveoMX riches should have the full benefit and 
prestige of actual squirearchy, and I can even justify 
their putting out of sight the monuments of their 
territorial predecessors. But the question on the 
other hana is this, — Why should the elder race, 
which contributed to the foods and endowments 
of an ancient churdi, and ''purchased*' the 
privilege of securer intramural sepulture, have 
their monumental records obliterated by the 
''restorer"? J. H. L.-A. 

<' Brbd and BoRN.''~In Prof. £arle*s Philology 
of the Englith Tongue^ third edition, 1880, p. 611, 
he asks, "Why do people often say 'br^ and 
bom' instead of 'bom and bred,' except that 
they like the sound of it better ? " But is it trae 
that the former u the *'less reasonable order"? 
The period of gestation even in the human race is 
by tne vulgar called breeding-time; and the 
thought suggested by the phrase " bred and bom" 
may weU partake largely of the physical and 
material Compare the proverb which speaks of 
that which is " bred in the bone." W. C. B. 

''Parebr of Huknington."— Lawrence Nu- 

Smt of Newfield (son of James Nugent of 
lonlost, a branch of the Westmeath familv), 
married a " Miss Parker of Hunnington, England.'' 
Who was she, and what children had she ? 


Swallowfield Park, Beading. 

Dibdin. — ^When Dibdin was staying at some 
count's house in France, he one morning got up 
before the rest of the fiunily, and retired to the 
count's library to look at his books and pictures, 
about which he had heard much. On entering 
the library he was, however, greatly astonished to 
see a picture tamed with its face to the wall, and 
as no others were tumed the same way he was 
curious to see what the picture was. He found it 

«»&iy.Jn.T 8^*81.] 



4o be a most beantifii] pietnie of Diana of Poietien ; 
bat she was quite nade, and this no donbt was 
4he reason it was turned with its face to the walL 
I have searched seyeral of Dibdin's works, but 
cannot find this anecdote. Can any of your 
ceaders help me to do so ? 

w. d. murgatrotd. 

Old Portrait of Sir Williah Wallacb. — 
1 am under the impression that a gentleman con- 
nected with the North of Ireland has a very old 
.portrait of Sir William Wallace, which, of course, 
lie prizes highljr, and which is carefully preserved 
:as an heirloom in the family. Not haying myself 
seen the portrait, and not knowing exact^ where 
it iL I shall feel yeiy much obliged to any reader 
•of "N, & Q." who may communicate particulars 
respecting it* Others, I am certain, wul feel the 


"Waz/thah DisoxnsBa.*— In the address of 
Olarissa to Loyekoe, in Richardson's noyel OZamsa 
HasrUnK, occurs the expression, '^such mean deyices, 
«uch ar^ul, such ioorte'thaf^WaUham disguises, 
such bold, such shocking untruths." What is the 
-explanation of the words in italics ? I never heard 
that the good people of Waltham were notorious 
^or '* disguises " and " untruths." 

E. Walford, M.A. 

HamjMiead, N.W. 

CaoTB Fajcilt.— I am anxious to know the 
4irms of the great Flemish family of Groye, and 
^so where the history of this fSetmily oan be found. 
I shall feel much obliged to any one who will 
kindly enlighten me. W. 

Pronunciation of Kbrr. — ^In eastern Penn- 
ey lyania the surname Kerr is pronounced Kur; 
in the western part of the State it is called Kar, 
I have heard thaJL in Scotland Kare is the way in 
which it is pronounced. Is this oorreot ? 


rAIlowing for possible local Tsriatlon, the Scoieh nssge 
is that of western FennsjlTania, the EnglUk that of 
eastern PenniylTaaia : the third we think we have hsard 
in Sootland.] 

Diva's Vals.— In the second canto of The 
^ktsile of Indolence occur the lines : — 

" For this he ehote a farm fai Deva's yale. 
Where his long sUeTS peep'd open the main." 

Did Thomson really mean to make the Knight of 
Art and Industry retire from Britain to the 
valleys of Guipuzooa amongst the Basques ; and 
-can any reason oe suggested for his so doing t Or 
is there any other maritime Deya in Engund or 
Bootland, where 

" The good old knight eiuoyed well-earned repose "I 

W. T. Ltnn. 
[Why not the Yaney of the Dee Q 

Will Carlton, Ybrsb Writer.— Haye the 
poems of this writer ever been published in » 
collected form; if not, where am I likely to find 
them? I belteye him to be the author of sora« 
yerses entitled " Willie's Letter," to which I wank 
to refer. Evan Thomas. 

Battersea, S.W. 

•* Inn " as a Verb.— In the London Chronide 
during 1763 an early (probably the first) directory 
of Birmingham was adyertised : — 

"ThUdaj Pttblithod Price It. Very NeetMary for »» 
Merchants and Tradesmen who haye any DealiiiK.4 
in the Town of Birmingham, Strechley's rshould be 

SketohleyV Binningbam Directory; likewise nu 

aooooatoi ^11 the Sti4:e Ooachei, Carriagei by Pott, antl 
Newsmen, ^ith their Names, where they Inn," &«. 

Is any copy of this directory known ? I haya 
one dated 1770 (Sketchley's dc Adams's), but the 
title does not include the " InnJ* Ests. 


Penrith Church.— It is stated in the Livee of 
the Queens of England that a window of this 
church contains portraits of Richard, Duke of 
York, and Cicely his wife. Will any of your 
correspondents residing in that neighbourhood be 
so good as to tell me if this window has been 
photographed, and where I should be likely to 
obtain a copy of the photograph f 


Authors of Quotations Wanted. — 
'* Tben the whins sball priok tbee tore, 
Erery one and alL" M. Fbascis CLAa& 
" 'Tis the pursuit rewards the aotive mind. 
And what in rest we seek in toil we find.^ 
" I could forglye him all the blame, 

But can't forgiye the praise." Q. F. S. JL 
*' Alone I walked the ocean strand, 
A pearly shell was in my hand," &c. 

£. M. TsKVAar* 

(e» S. iiL 368 ; iy. 9.) 

It may be inferred from the pedigiee giyen by 
Mr. Watbrton (atifs, p. 10) that he reguds it as 
certain that the Countess Lucy was daughter of 
Earl ^ifgar, otherwise I presume he would haya 
used a dotted line to brace her name. 

If any eyidenoe to proye that the countess was 
really the earl's daughter has come to light there 
are many readers of *' N. & Q.'' who would, I may 
yenture to say, be glad to know of it. That she 
was Earl ^Ifgar's daughter is barely possible, and 
dates would not admit of her haying had the same 
mother as Earls Eadwine and Morkar and Eald- 

Sth; yet .£l%ifti, whose children they seem to 
ye been, would appear to haye sunriyed her 
husband. Besides, tugy^^imj^sl^^o^^P'^ 




bability a daughter of William Malet, as will be 
Bhown. The earl was dead 1066 and Lacy could 
not have been bom more than a year before, as 
her younger children were not bom until early in 
the next century. Ito Tailbois, the first husband 
of Lucy, must have been her senior by many 
years, and she was surriying her third husband in 
1131. Indeed, so great are the chronological 
difficulties, that the late Mr. Gough Nichols, 
apparently with the concurrence of the late Mr. 
Gliomas Stapleton, suggested there were really two 
Lucys, mother and daughter, instead of one {Topo- 
ffrapher and Oeneologist^ toL L p. 12). This sug- 
ffestion, I submit, is hardly confirmed by aU we 
know, but deserves examination. According to 
this writer the elder Lucy was the wife of Iyo 
Tailbois, the Angeyin grantee of Bolingbroke, 
Spalding, &c., and seems to haye been a daughter 
of William Malet, for his son Robert was described 
as " ayunculus " to (the younger) Lucy the countess 
in the well-known crant to the Earl of Chester. 
Of course there is the alternative that the elder 
Lucy was Robert's sister only by his mother, 
Hesilia, daughter of Qilbert Crispin by another 
possible husband, Alured of Lincoln, who was a 
I^orman or Breton rather than an ICnglishman ; 
Alan of Lincoln, the presumed son of Alured, 
being another uncle of tne younger Lucy. It may 
be Robert Malet and Alan were only uncles by 
marriage ; but this is less likely. Whether Lucy, 
or Lucia, be another form of Helonisa, and that of 
Hesilia, I leave for consideration. Beatrix, wife of 
William de Arcis of Folkestone, is the only re- 
corded sister of Robert Malet. In Domesday 
Book (i. fo. 250 &), Aulkborough, near Trent 
Fall, which we find in the possession of Ivo 
Tailbois, had previously (inferentially in King 
Edward's time) been held by William Malet. It 
has been inferred from this by the writer in Top, 
and Gen., that Ivo had had this manor in frank 
marriage with WilUam's daughter. 

There is other presumptive evidence of the con- 
nexion of William Malet with England previous 
to the eventful expedition. He nad stood co- 
sponsor with Harold himself, and therefore, as 
being likely to recognize the body of the king 
after the fatal battle, was entrusted by the con- 
queror with the painful duty of finding and giving 
it burial. He who undertook this office is described 
in Bishop Guy's poem as " quidam partim Nor- 
mannus et Anelus." William Malet was there- 
fore an Anglo-Korman of mixed blood. It was 
doubtless his mother who was English; and I would 
suggest that it may have been she who was the 
sister (rather daughter) of Earl Leofric, through 
whom the Norman Earls of Chester subsequently 
claimed descent from the Anglo-Saxon Earls, 
though the connexion was dearly misstated. It 
was alleged in pleadings in the reign of Richard 
II. that her name was Eormenhild, which is not 

an unlikely one, beine that of the mother of St.- 
Werburgh, whose abbey at Chester was in the 
patronage of Earl Leofric, and after of the Norman 
counts palatine {Man, Anqh L 305). Burton, in his 
Dueription of LeieetUrihire^ 1622 (p. 168), made 
Earl Algar marry William Malet's aiUer. This was 
adopted by Ormerod (Hitt. Chethirey L 47), though 
daughter would have been better. Ivo Tailbois 
gave Spalding to the monks of Angers for the souls 
of himself, of his wife Lucy, " and of the ancestors 
of Thorold the sheriff, that i8 to iay (thou) of hi$ 
mfe" (Mon, Angl, i. 307). Lucy was, therefore^, 
descended coUatenJly from Thorold. Grodgifu, 
the wife of Earl Leofric, was Thorold's sister, and 
in all probability Lucy's own ancestress — great- 

fmdmother according to these suggestions, which 
find dates will allow. It, however, does not 
follow, and Lucy might have had for her father 
Alured nepof Thoroldi, son, perhaps, of Wigot of 
Lincoln by another sister of Thorold, and for her 
mother a daughter of William Malet. A son of 
the Countess Godgifu might have been called 
'* nephew (which tuspo< generally means in Domes- 
day jBook) of Thorold," as his adopted heir ; but 
this is a suggestion merely, not supported by any- 
thing in the Survey or elsewhere. In Domesday 
Book (iL fo. 304, o) is the remarkable statement 
concerning a manor in Hemingstone, in Suffolk, in 
the barony of Robert Malet, that " Leuric [t. e., 
Leofric], antecessor [t. e., predecessor] of the mother 
of Robert, held it " in the time of King Edward. 
We have not evidence to enable us to say whether 
there is not some misstatement here, or whether it 
is anything more than a coincidence, and Earl 
Leofric may not have been intended, but it is* 

It would be very interestingif it could be showtt> 
on trustworthy evidence that Wigot, son of Wolf- 
geat, really married a sister of Earl Leofric, and was 
the father of iSlfwine, the sheriff of Warwickshire,, 
or that ^If wine's son, Turchil, married ^'Leve* 
runia," daughter of Earl ^ifgar. " Leverunia " is 
not an unlikely name, i. e., " JJeofrune." Dugdale's 
authorities were the Rows Roll, which I know, and 
the Historia Aurta of John of Tinmuth in the 
Bodleian. Mr. Watsrton did not mention, wheof 
referring to Abbot Leofric, the earl's nephew, that 
he had a brother Leofwine, to whom he, when 
reeve of the abbey, gave an estate at Franewude^ 
which had fallen into the hands of the abbot by 
forfeiture. I suspect Leofwine, Abbot of Coventry, 
who became Bishop of Lichfield in 1053, was a 
member of this powerful family, also Leofric,. 
Bishop of Devon and Cornwall, who removed the 
seats of his sees to Exeter, and died February 10^ 
1074. May I suggest that the opinion of so learned 
a correspondent of " N. & Q.** as Tbwars would 
be invaluable as to the parentage of the Countes» 
Lucy? A. S. Ellis. 

Digitizod byCjQOQlg 




« Th« Gbbbn Bag " (2»* S. xi. 160).— It is now 
about twenty years ago that a question was sent 
to '' N. & Q." as to the contents of " the green 
bag," so well known in connexion with Qaeen 
Citfoline'B trial, — ^whether such contents were the 
delicate disclosures of Lady Douglas in 1806, and, 
secondly, whether there was anything of official 
costom as to a particular sort of bag being used 
for important papers. The question has never 
been answered, and as no one searching the index 
Tolumes of ** N. & Q.'' for information should find 
a query with no reply, I yenture to trouble you 
with an answer to the first part of the question. 

No ; the green bag did not contain the accusa- 
tions of 1806. These were published in The Book 
In 181 a. The green bags (for there were two) 
4sontained all the evidence that had been obtained 
by *^ the Milan Commission ** with regard to the 
princess's conduct with one Bartolomeo Beigami, 
whom she had engaged as a courier originaUy at 
Milan, but whom she converted into a favourite, 
placing him at the head of her household, and 
purchasing for him foreign titles and decorations. 

After the publication of The Book (1813) the 
princess left England in 1814, going first to Bruns- 
wick, then in the middle of October to Milan ; iu 
1815 she went to Naples, and afterwards to 
Savona, near Tunis, to Ephesus and Jerusalem. 
In 1817 she went to Oarlsruhe and Vienna, and 
in July of the same year to Rome. She remained 
abroad during 1818-19; but on the accession to 
the throne of George IV. she was advised, and 
determined, to come over and daim her position 
as queen consort. As soon as her immediate 
arrival was announced, on Tuesday, June 6, 1820, 
the king sent messages to both Houses of Parlia- 
ment. Lord Liverpool delivered the one to the 
Lords, Lord Oastlereagh that to the Commons, 
and Mch at the same time laid on the table a 
gran bag, containing papers for their consideration. 
In each house a secret committee was appointed 
to examine the contents of ^ the green bag " and 
leport to the House. After some delay the com- 
mittee in the Lords pursued their investigation, 
and on July 4 Lord Harrowby, Chairman of the 
Secret Committee, presented the report, which 
stated that "a number of persons of various 
stations of life and residing in different parts of 
Europe '* had recorded facts ** which deeply affect 
the honour of the (jueen.'* 

On this Lord Liverpool brought in a ''Bill of 
Pains and Penalties," and the second reading of 
this Bill was really 'Hhe trial of Queen Caroline." 
It was fixed for August 17, and the case ended on 
Nov. 6, when there was a majority of twenty- 
eight for the second reading. Such evidence, 
however, as that of Teodoro Majocchi, who on 
cross-examination had one stereotyped answer, 
'' Non mi ricordo," and of Giuseppe Restelli and 
others, who were evidently perjured and had been 

suborned, Restelli himself having been sent 
out of England, — these things, with the power- 
ful defence of Brougham, and a strong feeling 
amongst many in &vour of a woman whom 
they believed to have been badly treated, reduced 
the majority on the third reading from twenty-eight 
to nine ; and Lord Liverpool would not submit the 
Bill of Pains to the Commons, but withdrew it. 

The contents of the green bag may be seen by 
any one who will take down the Annual Reffister 
for 1820. The whole trial is given in voL Ixii. 
part iL There was a necessity for a second 
volume that year, in consequence of the mass of 
matter occasioned not only by this lengthy trial, 
but by the death of George III., accession of 
G«orge IV., and the death and funeral of the Duke 
of Kent, of whom there is a pleasing memoir. 
With easy access, as we see, to the whole contenta 
of the green bag, one asks oneself why a question 
should be raised on the matter. Mav not th& 
answer to this be, that it is not generally known 
that there were duplicate bags, and that the one in 
the Commons was never opened? A secret com- 
mittee was appointed, and there were some—Sir 
F. Burdett and others — who urged the examination 
of its contents. Mr. Wilberforce brought on a 
motion for " abandoning the inquiry," and in ther 
debate that followed several references were made 
to " the h&gJ' But Lord Castlereagh, seeing that 
the temper of the Houses was not the same, and 
that if they disagreed on a course of action the 
position would become difficult, delayed and pre- 
vented the opening of the papers he had laid on 
the table. 

For anything I know to the contrary, the green 
bag sent to the "faithful Commons" may still 
lie, sealed and unexamined, in the archives of 
Westminster; if this be the case, it should be 
added to Madame Tussaud's coUection in her 
" Chamber of Horrors." Gibbba Bigaud. 

18, Long Wall, Oxford. 

The Metrical Versioit of the Psalms (6«» S. 
ill 409 ; iv. 10). — There seem to me to be one or two 
errors in the replies to this query. The first edition 
of Stemhold (London, date uncertain, probably 
1548) contained versions of nineteen, not twenty. 
Psalms, viz., Psalms 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 20, 25, 27, 29, 32, 
33, 41, 49, 73, 78, 103, 120, 122, 138. The first 
edition of Stemhold and Hopkins (London, 154^ 
cumprvoUegio ad imprimmaum solwn) contained 
forty-four p«dms, thirty-seven by Stemhold and 
seven by Hopkins. The next enlarged edition 
(Geneva, 1556) contained fifty-one Psalms, viz., 
Stemhold's thirty-seven, Hopkins's seven, and 
seven by William Whittingham. The edition of 
1560 contains sixtv-five Psalms, ''newly set 
fourth and allowed according to the order 
appointed in the Queenes Maiesties Iniunctions f 
these are followed by the " Benediotus," « Magni- 


NOTES AND QUERIES. («* s. iv. Juw 28, -si. 

tieat," None Dimittis,'' &o. In 1661 the namber 
was increased to eighty-seTeo, with the Song of 
Simeon, the Ten Commandments, &c In 1662 
Ahe first complete English Torsion was issued by 
J'ohn Daye, and again in 1663, '^fiiithfally 
•perused and alowed according to the order 
4ippoynted in the Qaeenes Maiesties Iniunotions," 
''cam gratia et priyilegio Begias Maiestatis per 
«eptennium." In 1663, and again in 1666, Daye 
pablished The WhoU PiaUni in Faurt Parti, pre- 
ceded by the "Veni Creator," "Venite," ^Te 
Deum," ** Benedicite," '* Benedictus," ** Quicunqae 
Tult," and other hymns, which version was 
adopted by the Church of England, and continued 
in use till it was supplanted by Tate and Brady. 
The first specimen of the latter contained only 
the first eight Psalms ; the next, in 1696, con- 
tained the first twenty Psalms, and was licensed to 
be sung in churches. 

So much for the EngUsh versions. The first 
known edition of the Metrical Psalms for the use 
of the Church of Scotland was printed at Edin- 
burgh in 1664, the Kirk lending the printer 200Z. 
Scots " to help to buy irons, ink, and ^per, and 
to fee craftsmen " to print it. This version, based 
on Stemhold and Hopkins, and completed by 
the English exiles at (Geneva, differed considerably 
from that adopted by the English Church, and 
held its ground until it was superseded by that 
of Rous, which, after having undergone repeated 
revisals and corrections, and careful collation with 
other versions, was finally sanctioned and adopted 
by the Assembly of the Church of Scotland in 
1660. This version has been ever since the only 
one used by the Presbyterian Churches in Scot- 
Luid« Carlyle (OromweU, iv. 200, People's Edi- 
tion), speaking of Barebones's Parliament, says, 
^And old Francis Rouse is there from Devon- 
ehire ; once member for Truro ; Provost of Eton 
College ; whom bv and by they make Speaker ; — 
whose Psalms the Northern Kirks still sing.** 
The version known as King James's is a totafiv 
different thing, uid was never in use in Scotland. 
Every effort was made in vain to have it intro- 
duood, the last ill-judged attempt to thrust it, along 
with Laud's Service Book, U[M)n the Church of 
Scotland producing serious rioting and other very 
notable results. It bore to be "The Psalmes of 
Kinff David, transhited by King James," and the 
loyu authorization said of it^ ^Whereof our 
late deare Father was Author''; but it Lb well 
known the British Solomon's share of the work 
^ was staied in the one and thirty Psalme," and 
that the rest was done by Sir William Alexan- 
der of Menstrie, afterwanls Earl of Stirling, and 
friend of Drummond of Hawthomden. 



Will J. T. F. allow me to supplement his remark 
upon there being no authority *^ for any sermon at 

all at Evensong " by a reference to an Act of the 
present reign, 1 & 2 Vict. c. 106, sect. 80, which 
provides : — 

'< That it shmll be Uwful for *th6 bishop ia his dis- 
eretion, in order that there shall be two fdli serrieei^ 
each of soeh serrioei, if the bishop shall so direct to 
include a sermon or lecture, on every Sunday through- 
out the year, or any part thereof, in the church or 
chapel ofevery or any benefice within his diooese," &e. 
There is statutable authority at least for a sermon 
other than the morning sermon, if the bishop 
pleases to have one. Ed. Marshall. 

Whbv was "Appointed to bb read iv 
Churches" first used? (6*»» S. iv. 24.)— Mr. Frt 
in his communication has no reference to the cir- 
cumstance that the phrase " appointed to be read 
in churches " is a reproduction of the same words 
as they occur in Cranmer^s Bible (foL Lond., 1553, 
1562). The formula in the Bishops' Bible, *' Set 
forth by authority," was more expressive of the 
version being authorized. As this translation was 
specially commended to the translators for their 
guidance, a change may have been made pur- 
posely. On comparing the title of ed. 1611 with 
the Epistle Dedicatory prefixed, it appears that the 
translators claim a royal command for making 
the translation, but only hope for the king's 
acceptance and allowance of it as made and pub- 

Will Mr. Frt kindly say what he has learnt 
to be the earliest use of the term '* Authorized 
Version," to express the presumed diaracters of 
the A. v.? I am aware of the phrase *' the new 
translation allowed by authority " in the ** Excep- 
tions of the Ministers" presented at the Savoy 
Conference in 1661, as I am of the king's letter 
previous to the transktion. It is the expression 
"Authorized Version" which I inquire for, as I 
am unable to make out when it came into use. 

There is a letter from me to the same effect, 
but at greater length, in the €htard%a$iy July 13, 
p. 988. Ed. Marshall. 

HiSTORT OF LiHOOLirSHIRB (6"* S. iv. 28). — 
I have long had voL i. of the history mentioned 
by Mr. Walford, but I have never seen a second 
volume, although I have sought for it carefully. 
I see it was printed at Horncastle (my native 
phioe) by Jos. Pannell, whom I used to hear of 
many yean ago as a speculative man, whose ven- 
tures were not very sucoessfuL He appears to 
have been in advance of the times, and much too 
good for the place, which he left about fifty yean 
ago. It is very probable that^ finding voL L un- 
remunerative, he proceeded no further with the 

There is another local history of which I have 
never seen a complete copy, although I often meet 
with portions, generally the first two volumes — 

«*& IT. Jolt 23, '81.] 



Ikhed in small parts. My copy consists of toL l, 
380 pp., and 4 pp. ''additions and oomotions "; 
ToL ii., 405 pp., and 7 ''additions and corrections"; 
^oL iiL, 362 pp., and 38 "additions and oor- 
cections," and bound with it— of toL ir,, pp. 1-84 ; 
•of vol. tL, pp. 1-144. No portion of toL t. Oan 
sny one tell me if this book was eyer completed ? 
Andy if so, will thejr be kind enough to give a 
full collation, including prefetces, contents, '* addi- 
tions and corrections," lists of plates, &c. ? 

R. R. 
Boston, Lincolnshire. 

Fairfowl [or Fairfoitl] of Lathallah [not 
XiATHal] (6^ S. iii 490).— This name is more 
usually written Fairfoul, and the name of their 
former seat is Lathallan, not LathaL The place 
is in Fifeshire. 

Of the family there is a brief notice in Ander- 
flon's Scottiih NcUion, toL iL, chiefly concerning 
one member, Andrew Fairfoul, Archbishop of 
Ola^ow after the Restoration, who, however, 
lived not long to enjoy his dignity, for "he 
sickened," we are told, " the very day of riding 
the Parluiment in November, 1663, and died in a 
few days thereafter," and was buried at Holyrood. 

The archbishop was son of John Fairfoul, of 
Anstruther, and no doubt a near relation,^ though 
I am not able at this moment to say in wl^ 
'degree, of Norman Fairfoul, burgess of An- 
tstruther Wester, and Commissioner to Parliament 
for that burgh, 1641-45 (Act Pari Scot, V. 306a, 
475a, cf. YI. L 4b. 73b, 96a}. The Betours show 
that '* Agneta Fairfull " was heiress of Norman, 
iMullie of the burgh of Anstruther Wester, her 
jgrand&ther, in limds within the lordship or 
regality of Pittenweem, Sept 27, 1662 {Inq. Spec, 
Tife, 927). A very few years later, Jan. 5, 1667, 
*'Agneta and Gatharina Fairfullis" were heirs 
portioners of Agneta, daughter of Norman Fair- 
full, burgess of Anstruther, their brother's daugh- 
ter, in the same lands in the regality of Pitten- 
nreem^ near the burgh of Anstruuer Wester {Inq, 
J3^, Fife, 1005). 

Under Fifeshire there is only one special 
service of Fairfoul of Lathallan, that of "Walter 
Fbirfnl, heir of William Fairfoali of Lathal- 
land, his father," in the lands of Lathallan, 
which are described as being in the barony of 
JSTewbimshyre and regality of Dunfermline, Oct. 2, 
1647 (Ilia. SptCf Fife, 720). I have not gone 
Into the Genml Betours, or the Inquisitions ds 
Tuida^ which might probably furnish further 

The archbishop is noticed, as minister at Leith, 
1649, AeL Pari Scot, YLu.4Z7t^ Others of the 
aanw occurring in the AcUl besides Norman, 
Already mentioned, are David, Commissioner of 
^ ply for St. Andrews, 1655, VL u. 839b, and 
of Brockendane, Commissioner of Supply 

for Perthshire, 1702, XI. 23a. The archbishop 
has a special interest in the later ecclesiastical 
history of Scotland, as having taken part with his 
brother of SL Andrews and the Bishop of Gallo- 
way, on May 7, 1662, in consecrating the prebtes 
of the revived Scottish episcopate, which, at the 
date of the Bestoration, had been reduced to the 
single person of Bishop Sydserffl 

C. H. E. Carxichabl. 
New Unifsnity Club, aW. 

Paguliar Vbrsification {e^ S. iL 513). — 
Hymn 141, in the Irith Churdh Hymnal^ is a 
little peculiar. The last line of each stanza is 
repeated as the first line of each following stanza. 
Thus :— 

" ^UP^^*^^ long! for Thee 
Within my troubled breait; 
Though I unworthy be 
Of so Divine a Quest 

Of so Divine a Guest 
Unworthy though I be/* ke, 

C. T. M. Clk. 
56, High Street, DnUin. 

Stetvour : Statnbr : Statkor (6**> S. iiL 
308).— Thu word is obviously of Scandinavian 
origin, and is cognate with the Swedish sUnor, a 
place abounding with gravel and stones. 8tan- 
mrii is used by William Dunbar in his OohUn 
Targe in the sense otpebbUt :— 
"The bank was green, the brook was full of bremes^ 

The itannerit clear as stem in frosty nicht." 



Irish Marriaob Ssttlrmbnt, 1873 (6*^ S. iii. 
66). — I cannot advise a general adoption of the 
document quoted by Mr. E. P. Shirlst. Sudi 
an agreement would not be binding upon a bond 
fide purchaser for value without notice, and being 
voluntary the gift would be subject to the debts 
of the donor. Frsdbrick £. Sawtrr. 


Thb Doo Bosb (6* S. iii. 466).— The leonine 
(rhyming) hexameters on the common rose, the 
more approved reading of which is thus given, — 
" Quinque sumus fratres, sub eodem tempore nati, 
Bini barbati, blni sine crine creati, 
Quintus habet barbam, sed tantum dimidiatam '*— 
were sent to the MonUUy Magazine for April, 
1822, bv James Montgomery, the poet, with 
botanical remarks on the singular arrangement of 
the beards of the sepals forming the calyx, and the 
following translation : — 
" Five brethren there are, 

Bom at once of their mother ; 
Two bearded, two bare ; 

The fifth neither one nor the other. 
But to each of his brethren JU<^ brother/' 
The fourth version |3^«^t^^by your correspon- 



[6«fcB. IV. Jolt28,'81. 

deot is taken from Miss Yonge's Herb of iht 
Field, second edition^ p. 32. William Platt. 
115, Piccadilly. 

Perhaps I may be allowed to make a note that 
of the seyeral versions of the old monkish lines 
met with by Mr. Bingham, the one beginning 

" Of us fi?« brothers, at the same time bom/' 
was made by me many years ago, and copies giren 
to many friends. The following is the reading of 
the monkish lines I had before me at the time : — 
" Quinque Bumns fratres, sub eodem tempore nati, 
Bini oarbati, bin! sine crine creati, 
Quintus habet barbam, sed tantom dimidiatam." 
EiRBT Trimmer. 

''In the midst of life we are in death" 
(6*** S. iii. 445). — Mr. J. H. Clark may see in 
"N. & Q.," l** S. viii. 177, a notice hj Mr. G. E. 
Trevor of the anthem as it occars in the Choir 
Book of St. Gall, with an acoonnt of its original 
composition. N. E. B. pointed oat the ase of it 
in the Salisbury Service Book in " N. & Q.,» 1** S. 
ii. 413 ; and both instances of its ase are noticed 
by the editor in a note, " N. & Q.," 3** S. viii. 177. 
The Annotated Prayer Book of Be v. J. H. Blunt has 
the passage from the Special Office in the Sarum 
Use, with some remarks, at vol. ii. p. 297. 

Ed. Marshall. 

New Words (6*** S. iii. 447). — I have recently 
met with the strange word " farewelled '' in the 
War Cry, a weekly paper issued by the Salvation 
Army; also the word ''litigated," as applied to 
a will disputed in a lawsuit, in Temph Bar (I 
think the volume was about ten years old); also, 

in Bentleyi's MisoeUanyf 1861, p. 77,—" whom, 

as men said, the Nonconformists amhitioned to 
send into Parliament.'' Frederic Waostaff. 


The Gate of Bouloone at Hardres (6^ S. 
ill 447). — The fate of the gates is told b^ the accom- 
plished Canon «[enkins in ArchoMilogta Cantiana 
(voL iv. p. 43). It would appear that Hardres 
Court was sold to a Mr. Tillard, who, being no 
antiquary, " sold the gates for the iron they con- 
tained." One naU was preserved by the late Mr. 
Faussett, and another for a time by the Rev. 
Sandys Lumsdaine. This latter Canon Jenkins 
tried to obtain, to enable him to give a sketch of it 
with that of the gates, but in vain. " The cruel 
destiny which has deprived us of this trophy," 
adds the canon, " has pursued it to its very last 

How strange is the mystery shrouding this 
ancient family ! I wrote to " N. & Q." on the sub- 
ject (6<^ S. i. 312). The last representatives of 
the family alive were Mary, Martha, and Pleydell 
Hardres. On the death of the last survivor the 
next of kin of their mother, Ann Hardres {nie 

Tomlinson), were advertised for. Were th& 
estates ever claimed? Any notes relative to 
Hardres or Tomlinson would be gladly received 
by Jambs Roberts Brown. 

14, HUldrop Bead, N. 

After J. D.'s visit in 17B3, which is described 
in the number of the Oentleman's Magazine 
referred to by your correspondent, it would 
appear that the proprietor took greater care of his 
gates for some time. In Hasted's Kent (voL iii. 
p. 733) it is stated that the gates still remained at 
Hardres Court in the garden-wall, opposite to the 
church. It appears, however, from Jjewis's TopO' 
graphical Dictwnary of England that they were 
disposed of to a blacksmith some sixty years ago 
by the proprietor for the time being of the Court. 

G. F. R. B. 

David Garrick (6** S. iii. 448).— See Davies's 
Life of Oarriek, 1806 ; scattered notices in Bos- 
welFs Life of Johnson, and Forster's Life of Oold- 
smith ; Quarterly Beview, July 1868 ; and his 
Private Correspondence, &c, 1832. 

Edward H. Marshall, M.A 

"Lying cold-floor" (6*** S. iii 448).— Has 
this expression any connexion with the Scotch 

Shrase *' To be in the cauld haTk,"i,e., to be dead? 
amieson gives in illustration : — 

"Alas 1 poor man, for aaglit that I can tee» 
This day thou lying in eauld harh mayst be.** 

Boss's BeUnore, p. 26. 

"Noils" (6* S. iiL 449) are coarse locks of 
wooL By the 21 James I. cap. 18, entitled ^ An 
Act for the true making of woolen dothes," sec 2, 
it is set forth tliat many ill-disposed persons, for 
their own private gain and lucre, have, by means of 
mixing and putting in or upon broad cloths, 
noiletf thrums, and other deceivable things, 
cozened, deceived, and abused, the buyers of 
such broad woollen cloths^ for which offence 
a penalty of five pounds is imposed, to be 
applied to the poor of the parish where such 
deceivable cloth shall be made. 

Eyerard Homb Coleuav. 

71, Brecknock Road. 

A Cure for '* Pins and Needles " (6^ S. iiL 
449). — I have been personally acquainted with 
several superstitious persons who possessed implicit 
belief in the mattering of candles (commonly 
called winding sheets) as betokening the death of 
some relative. Eyan Thouas. 

Battorsea, S.W. 

In Coleridge's TahU Talk (ander date June 10, 
1832), appears the following passage, headed 
*' Charm for Cramp,'' which seems to refer to one- 
of the two superstitions mentioned by your corre- 
spondent:- Digitized by ^OOglC 

«A9.Iir. Jolt23.'81.] 



*^When I WM a Utile boy at the Bloe-ooat School, 
there was a charm for one*8 foot when asleep ; and I 
belioTe it had been in the School tinoe its foundation, in 
the time of Edward the Sixth. The march of intellect 
has probably now exploded it. It ran thus :— 
'Footl footi feotl isfastasleepl 

Thumb ! thumb ! thumb I in spittle we steep ; 

Grosses three we make to ease us, 

Two for the thioTes, and one for Christ Jesus.' 
And the same oharm served for a cramp in the leg, with 
the following substitution : — 

' The devil is tying a knot in my leg 1 

Mark, Luke, and John, unloose it, I beg ! 

Crosses three,' ke. 
And really, upon getting out of bed, where the cramp 
most frequently occurred, pressing the sole of the foot 
on the cold floor, and then repeating this charm with the 
acts configuratiTe thereupon prsecribed, I can safely 
•l&rm that I do not remember an instance in which the 
cramp did not go away in a few seconds. I should not 
wonder if it were equally good for a stitch in the side ; 
but I cannot say I ever tried it for Ihat,** 

0. B. S. 

Thx Stubbs Family, co. Lincoln, in 1612 
(68* S. iiL 467).— The noted Dr. Henry Stubbe 
was born at Partney in Lincolnshire in 1631, and 
was, according to the biography of him in Knight's 
Oyaopadia, ue son of & clergyman who aiter- 
wards joined the Baptists. Partney is near 
Spilsby, and, as Great and Little Steeping are in 
the same neighbourhood, the ** Stipney Parva," of 
J. P. £.'8 note, is probably identical with the last- 
named Tillage. J. H. Clabe. 

^STKL {e^ S. il 386 ; iiL 14).— If OBiUl is de- 
riyed firom OMuZce, ie., oituke, the meaning of 
King Alfred's words is simply that the binding or 
cover of eyery copy of his translation of St. Gre- 
gory's Liber Fatt^ralii was to be of the yalae of 
iffcy mancuses. There is abundant evidence that 
onr Anglo-Saxon forefathers were profusely lavish in 
their expenditure in regard to the binding of books 
which were destined for the service of the Church. 
Thus Ine gave sixty mancuses of gold for the bind- 
ing of the sacred texts at Glastonbury. And 
Lady Godgifii, the wife of Earl Leofric, denuded 
herself of <dl that she possessed in gold and silver 
to provide the church ornaments and bindings 
for the service books and texts for the Abbey of 
Coventry, which they founded. It was this act 
which probably, at a subsequent period, gave rise 
to the absurd stoiy of the ride through Coventry 
— a fable which has been well described as a dis- 
|;raee to Enfflish history. The best refutation lies 
in the hd Uiat at the period when the ride is said 
to have taken {»laoe the borouf;h of Coventry did 
not exist ! Neither did it exist at the Norman 
invasion. To return, however^ to (EtteL My dear 
old friend Dr. Bock has written several pages 
about it ; he was under the idea that the cuid 
was a large stud of crystal, beryl^ or some precious 
stonoi mounted as an ornament on the cover of 

the book {Church of our Fathers^ i. 292-296). 
It is satisfactory that the right meaning of astil 
has now heen given. Edmund Watbrton. 

Milton Qttbries : (4) " Thb trbpidatiow 
talk'd (6*** S. iiL 428).— Mr. Dixon may rest 
assured that there is no "perversion" here of 
Milton's oriffinaL In the first edition (1667) the 
passage stands exactly thus : — 

" They paas the Planets seven, and pass the fizt. 
And that Crystalline Sphear whose ballance weighs 
The Trepidation talkt, and that first moT'd." 

Nor do subsequent editions show any variation, 
save as regards the spellinff. It b also quite 
certain that talked means " ttOked of;" i, e., " cele- 
brated," this being Milton's manner of repro- 
ducing this particular sense of hqui, dicert, &c. 
The general meaninff of the passage may be 
gatherod from Prof. lk£unon's introduction to the 
poem and note on the lines in question, given in his 
hurge three- volume edition — ^though he is not quite 
explicit as to the force of each wo^. He describes 
at some length the Ptolemaic system of astronomy, 
which was then in vogue, with its seven planetary 
spheres, beyond which was the sphere of the fixed 
stars, and beyond that again the "crystalline 
sphere," itself bounded by the primum mobile or 
"first moved." The ninth, or crystalline sphere, 
he says was imagined " to account for the slow 
change called the precession of the equinoxes,'' 
and to it was attributed a kind of swaying motion 
which was supposed to regulate the pnenomenon. 
Such motion (libratio) Milton calls the " balance," 
and this is said to " weigh." «.«., control or regu- 
late the "trepidation talked," i.e., the much- 
talked-of (and nitherto inexplicable) irregukariiif 
above mentioned. Todd's note is substantially the 
same, only he speaks in a general way of " certain 
irregttlaries in tne motion of the stars," and does 
not mention the precession of the equinoxes in par- 
ticular. Of course all students of Milton should 
be aware that he adopted this older Ptolemaic 
sjrstem merely for the purposes of his poems, and 
that he was well acquamted with the Copemican, 
which had even then begun to supersede it, as 
appears from the discourse between Adam and 
lUphael in the eighth book. 0. S. Jerrak. 

See a paper by Mr. FumlvaU in the Trant- 
aetioM of the New Shakspere Society, 1877-9, 

St. iiL No. xviL, "On Puck's 'Swifter than the 
foon's Sphere,' and Shakspere's Astronomy,'' 
pp. 431-/K). This passage of Afilton is quoted at 
p. 435, and explained by reference to a diagram 
on p. 432 of the nine spheres, to which Milton has 
ad(kd a tenth. Richardson has this note on the 
passage, P. X., iiL 483 :— 

'*The Ptolemaics plao'd beyond the sphere of the 
fixed Stars the Cryttalline, whose use was to account for 
the apparent aoceleration or retardation of the motion 
of the fix'd Stan, and therefore they sappoeed the 

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NOTES AND QUERIES. i«»s,iv.jow28,'8i. 

motion of ibis iphere wm by fita Eaatwrnrd and Wert- 
ward, or Vibratory, wbich tbe author ezpr«flflei by 
* whole Ballance woighi the Trepidation.'" 

The word iaWd makes some difficalty, being 
used for "mentioned," or ** talked of." "That 
first moT'd" is the Frimwm MobiU, the sphere 
which was both the first moy'd and the first mover, 
communicating its motion to all the lower spheres. 

A fuller explanation is ^pren by Prof. Skeat in 
the Additional Notes to his edition of C^vcer'a 
Tnatiu <m th6 Astrotabe, E.E.T.S. Extra Series, 
xtL pp. 75-77 : — 

" They pais the seren planetary epheres ; then the 
sphere of fixed stan; then the cryBtalline or tranB- 
parent one, whose swaying motion or libration measures 
the amount of the precession and natation so often 
taliced of; and then the sphere oipnrnnm wuihiU itself. 
Bnt Milton clearly himself belieyed in the Gopemlcan 
^stem : see P. i^. yiii. 121-140." 


Mb. Dixon may like to hare his attention 
drawn to the following comment on the passage 
he inquiries about. It occurs in Dr. John Merry 
Boss's Poems by John Milton, London, 8vo. 1871 : 

" According to Ptolemy, the solar system was con- 
stituted by ' the planets seTen,' which were all thai had 
then been disooyered. Beyond these lay the flrmameni 
of' fixed stars,' still farther the 'chrystsline sphere* of 
heayen, to which Ptolemy attributed a sort of libration 
or 'trepidation,' in order io account for the irregulari- 
ties noticed in the moyements of the stellar bodies ; and 
yet more remote, the mmwmmobile, whieh was both the 
sphere 'first moyed^ and that which in turn set in 
motion all the lower spheres. Aboye all these Milton 
places the home of Qod and the Angels."— P. 289. 


The following is from a yaluable work, although 
one not written according to the canons of modem 
criticism, and may help Mr. Dixon in elucidat- 
ing the meaning of the passage: — 

"Ver. 482, And that cryHaUim tpKen, kc-^VLt 
speaks here according to the ancient astronomy, 
adopted and improyed by Ptolemy. Tkij/ pan vu 
planets seven, our planetary or solar system, and be- 
yond this pass 1hejix*d, the firmament or sphere of the 
fixed stars, and beyond this that ervstalline sphere, the 
crystalline Heayen, clear as crystal, to which the Ptote- 
maicks attributed a sort of libration or shaking (the 
trepidation so much talked of) to account for certain 
irregularities in the motion of the stars."— Todd's Aft^- 

The editor compares this iMsssge with Taaso, 
Q$nudktMiM lAbwaJtOy canto ix. 61, 62. 

Edward H. Marshall, M.A. 

*' Invrni portum " (6«>» S. L 4M ; ii 136, 409). 
— I should like to add a word to the numerous 
communications that have appeared in your 
columns upon this epigram, especially as bear- 
ing upon the statement of Burton {AnaJtomy of 
MeiUtneholy, pt. iL sect. 3» memb. 6, note) that it 
is '* engrayen upon the tomb of Fr. Puccins, the 
Florentine** (see " N. & Q.," 1* S. vL 417, and 6«» 
S. iL 409). Some yean ago I oo^d an ancient 

sepulchral inscription in the Lateran Museum , 
at Bome, which reads as follows : — 

" 8. M. 8. L. Annins Octayius Valerianns. 
Eyari, eifagi 8pes, et Fortnna, yatete ; 
Nil mihi yobisoum est. Lndificate alios." 

In Burmann's Latin Anthology, lib. iy. epig. 274, 
can be found an epigram containing among others 
these verses : — 

" Actum est ; ezcesu. Spes et Fortnna, yalete ; 
Nil jam plus in me yobis per seola licebit" 

So ako epigram 346 contains among others these 
lines : — 

" Magi tnmidam yitam ; 8pes, Forma, yalete ; 
Nil mihl yobisoum est ; akos deludite, qusBSO." 

Thus it is plain that the Latin yerses were a 
common sepulchral inscription in ancient times, 
doubtless imitated from various epigrams of the 
Greek anthology, and long anterior to the times of 

I believe none of your correspondents have 
noticed the use of the quotation l^ Goldsmith in 
the preface to the Citiun of thi World, sub fin,, 
and by Smollett at the end of Boderiek Random, 
Hrnrt W. Hatrbs. 

289, Beacon 8treet, BoBton«I7.8. 

Jrwrssrb and Wigs (6^ S. L 468, 486 ; iL 
294).— The very interesting replies given to my 
original query on this subject serve rather to 
whet than to satisfy curiosity. One correspon* 
dent says the shaving of the head is '' a method of 
appearing to carry out the law.** I would ask, 
Wnat law 1 Dr. Cockrurr, writing from Banga- 
lore, affirms that the custom of cutting the hair oy 
Jewesses upon their marriage is very strictly 
observed wnere Hebrew customs are preserved 
pure and undefiled, the reason being to lessen the 
bride's attractions and the likeliho<Kl of her being 
lured away from her husband. 

I have since been informed on good authority 
that the opinion is generally held tmit the practice 
had its origin in the barbarous times when the 
droit de sngneur prevailed, and that the Je?rish 
rabbis made it an ordinance that the Hebrew 
maidens should divest themselves of the long hair 
which, as SL Paul says, is a glory to them, thua 
to render themselves unattractive and unlikely 
victims to the infamous custooi. This would be & 
very satisfactory explanation but for the £sct that 
the practice of shaving women's heads seems to be 
of (uder date and wider distribution than even 
the droit de seigneur was. Jamrs Hooprr. 

GoFFiH Brrastplatrs (6^ S. iii. 226, 396^ 
466). — AbsMice upon a holiday scamper througb 
America has prevented me seeing X. T. Z.'s note 
until to-day. The two interesting old coffin-plate» 
that I possess (dated respectively 1723 and 1730) 
I ferreted out from amongst a lot of odds and 
ends that I had purchased in the ordinary course. At 
my "Rn gVifth home in fair Exeter I have some curioa 

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dAfciDgfromthe days of Tiglath-Pil68er,and taken — 

Cti, stolen— from the ancient tombs of E^pt. I 
Ye Incas pottery dug from the mystenons old 
grayes of Mexico ; beaatlfal Etnucan ware, placed 
originally by fair hands some 700 years before the 
Christian era in Grecian tombs. I haye Samian 
ware and irory bodkins and pins galore called 
from the last resting-place of some proud dame 
who 2,000 years ago called a Roman senator her 
lord ; I own sgr^to yessels and flinten arrow- 
heads and other stone weapons, foand by the side of 
skeletons of some of the early aborigmes of oar 
natiye country. All these, and yery much dse, I 
loyingly care for. It might be interesting if 
X. T. Z. would define what"' pains and penalties, 
according to law, for such cases proyided," one 
may haye rendered oneself liable to by any of 
these appropriations. I am one of those who-- 

" hoard old lore of Isd aod Um, 

Old fiowen that in old gardoni grow. 
Old roeords writ on tomb and br»as. 
Old spoils of arrow-head and bow. 
Old wrscks of old world's OTsrflow, 
Old rollcs of Earth's primal slime. 
All drift that wandors to and fro, 
I am a gleaner after time "— 

acquiring and treasuring what X. T. Z., may be, 
would not care to presenre. May I yenture to 
think that, whilst sughtly censorious, his censure 
sadly lacks explidtness? Harrt Hma. 


Cuniovs Christian Naxbs (5^ S. x. 106, 
196, 376 ; xi. 58, 77, 198 ; xiL 138, 237, 493 ; 
6* S. L 66, 126, 264; ii. 177, 476).— The 
whims of West Indian planters were the 
cause of curious names bdng giyen to slayes 
on their baptism. I know people nowadays who 
are named Ananias Mendacious, &c., and more 
recently a man who called himself *' Uo-Ueed de 
hoy" Smith. On his writing the name, I found 
lie had been christened '' Uobbledehoy." I be- 
lieye it was by express desire of Her Majesty that 
the names of distinguished military and nayal 
heroes ceased to be giyen to African recruits of 
the West Indian regiments; at one time sable 
Arthur Wellingtons, Horatio It'elsons, &c., 
were common. I)oes the practice of taking as a 
surname the Christian name of a father, which is 
so common in some West Indian islands, exist 
elsewhere 1 Would anj correspondent care to 
haye a list of West Indian superstitions, and say 
whether they axe of English or African origin ? 


The followisff story will giye some idea of the 
manner in whidi Scripture names are selected by 
parents for their children. A certain farmer's 
suntly in a yillage in Lincolnshire fell into diffi- 
culties, and about this time a son was bom, who 
was christened Ichabod. In due course another 
aon was bom, and the parents, in presenting him 

to the yicar, gaye the name '' Resurgam." The yicar 
declined to giye the child this name, so recourse 
was hsd at once to the Bible, and the boy was chris- 
tened Uriah, that being the first name that came 
to hand. Whether in consequence of the yicar's 
refusal to fall in with the parents' yiews or not I will 
not say, but the house of B. neyer rose again to its 
former prosperous state. J. T. M* 

Married, Sept 27, Nephi Ashton to Hosannah 
Johnson (Canibridg* ChronieUf Oct 2, 1880); 
Ethedinda (Owxrdiany Sept 1, 1880} ; Erminia 
Anthony appears as a witness in the Pipe and 
Jackson Registry Office case ; Theomartyr (de- 
ceased, June 21^ 1880); Joseph Arimathtea as a 
Christian name u the Times obituary, Oct 1880 ; 
Zelpha {Tim$8j Dec. 31, 1880); Belinda and 
Thalia (ib. Jan. 13, 1881); Eena, (ib. Jan. 11, 
1881) ; Danena (Ouardianf Jan. 6, 1881); Jecho- 
liah {Timuy Jan. 1, 1881). 

P. J. F. Gantillon. 

The partiality for out-of-the-way names for 
children has not died out yet I was asked to 
baptize a child a short time ago with the name 
Laurel Elyinia Ulundi. It was shortly after the 
battle of Ulundi, at which the uncle of the child 
had been present H« C. M. Barton, M.A. 


Mailliw (William spelt backwards) was the 
Christian name of a woman married at one of the 
Hammersmith churches some years since. 

J. Edward E. Cutts. 


Pbrturbabahtur Combtahtiwopolitahi (1* S. 
yiil, ix., xi., xiL; 5«» S. yiii 140).— The practice of 
coining words of inordinate lensth seems to haye 
been not uncommon with early writers. The 
author of the Compla/^ of Seotiand (a.d. 1648), 
in his *' Prolog to the Bedar/' is seyere upon such 
offenders, of whose '* fantastiknes ande glorious 
consaites ** he giyes the following specimens : 
'*Ther was ane callit hermes, quhUk hat in his 
werkiB thir lang tailit wordis, conturbabuntur, 
oonstantinopolitani, innumerabilibus^ solicitudini- 
bus. Ther was ane yther that writ m his werkis. 
gaudet honorificabilitudinitatibus.'* The '*yerbai 
feyiathan" which your correspondent at the first 
reference aboye inquires about appears in the 
last specimen in its Latin form, whence it may 
haye been adopted by some English translator or 
imitator. The other specimen is interesting as 
showing that the well-known yerses ^ Contnrba- 
buntur," &a (or " Perturbabantur," as they are 
usually quotedX which, according to tradition, 
were tne joint composition of our riyal uniyersitieSy 
are of much earlier date than has been supposed, 
and that *' one called Hermes" was the author of 
them. I conclude with a query. Who was this 
Hermes, and when did he liye 1 O. P. S. B. 
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NOTES AND QUERIES. [e«^ s. iv. jult 28, 'si. 

Limb Trbea (6» S. viiL 478 ; 6«^ S. iL 86, 153, 
:318, 357). — Mr. Hubert Smith challenges for a 
larger lime tree than the one he has mentioned as 
-^^ growing on the Badger Hall Estate in Shrop- 
shire." If two conjoined trees appearing as one, 
And forming one mass of folia^, may pass master 
for a single tree, I can beat Mm for size, and if 
not, the laiger of the two may be bracketed as 
«qual in size to his Badger tree. But in fGomess I 
will give the following extract from my Forest 
4ind Vhace of Malvern :— 

« Some Tery fine trees of the lime {TUia Suropaa), 
now stand in a field about half a mile louth of Broms- 
t)errow church, and by the side of the road leading from 
Ledburj towards Gloooeater. Two of these growing 
near each other hare become conjoined, both by the 
Amalgamation of their arms and a lateral junction at 
the root. The larger of these trees is 27 ft in circum- 
ference at 8 ft. from the ground, and is 36 ft. round the 
base ; the other is 11 ft Sin. in girth at a yaid from the 
ground, and 10 ft in circumference at the base. The 
whole mass, if measured as one tree (and the interval 
between the boles where the connecting root joins them 
Jb only 19 inches), is full 48 ft in circumference." 

In the work mentioned a woodcut is giyen of this 
dendrological curiosity. Bowiir Lees, F.L.S. 

« Basket '^ (6* S. iiL 467 ; iy. 12).— Mr. 
Walford may like to be reminded of what Mr. 
Treeman says of the word basket : — 

"There may doubtless be some little British and 
Boman blood in us, just as some few Welsh and Boman 
words crept into the English tongue from the Tery be- 
ginning. But we may be sure that we haye not much 
of their blood in us, because we haye so few of their 
words in our lansnage. The few that there are are 
mainly the sort of words which the women, whether 
wiyes or slayes, would bring in, that is, names of things 
in household use, such as basket, which is one of the 
few Welsh words in English."— 0/<2 Bnglith Eittory, 
p. 28. 

Edward H. Marshall, M.A. 

" Ladtkbts " {6«> S. iii. 429 ; iy. 67).— It may 
interest Mr. Merton White to hear that in 
our patois cowslips are called SMussel hlumsnt 
^.e., keyflowers. Ferhaps the shape of the flower 
may haye something to do with its appellation. 


"Cut over" (6«» S. iii 448 ; iy. 58).— A 
«imilar expression to this occurs in A Relation of 
the Betaking of the Island of 8ta, HeUna, and 
Three Dutch East-India Ships (1673) :— 

*'0n the lUh, between seyen and eight in the eyening, 
a ship appeared in sight with a flag aloft; which we 
-cut tfisr, and by eleyen at night came up with her, and 
took her ; which proyed to be one of the Dutch East 
India fleet, sent before with the new Govemor for Saint 


natiye of Vermont use an expression very similar 
to this, — '* It is enough to make a man strike his 
daddy." Uneda. 


Was William IV. an Author 1 (6** S. iy. 
48.)— The allusion in the Gentleman's Magazine 
(September, 1801) is no doubt to the Duke of 
Ohirenoe's q[>eech on the slaye trade, published in 
1799, and to the Suhstanee of SpeeAes against th4 
Divorce BUlj published in 1800. C. T. B. 

"Drat»=Squirrel'8 Nest (e«» S. iii. 449).— 
This is duly giyen as a Sussex word by Mr. Parish 
in his recenUy published Stissex Glossary. The 
etymology is by no means easy, for I suspect that 
the old Englii^ for it is not recorded. At the 
same time, it seems reasonable to suppose that it 
is allied to O. Dutch draeyen^ *^ to turns, to winde, 
to fould, or to wrap up," Hexham. This yerb is 
yery common, with a large number of deriyatiyes. 
Mr. Parish notes that the Sussex word is also 
called draWf obyiously by confusion with draff in 
the sense of a brewer's sledge, which is allied to 
draw and drag axk± dredge. 

Walter W. Skeat. 


'* The outside is afterwards protected with a 
quantity of sticks, giying the nest, or drey, as it is 
called, the appearance of a bird's nest" (Jesse's 
Gleanings in Natural History, eighth ed., 1854. 
p. 214, "The Squirrel"). "There were seyeral 
drays in the trees around, in which some of the 
squirrels had their habitations" (Higgledy Piggledy^ 
pp. 296-7, Longmans, 1877). One of my little 
girls, who found me the latter passage, says, 
"Nearly all the books about animals call the 
squirrers nest a dray." J. H. Clark. 

This word, according to Miss Jachson, in her 
Shropshire WordrBook, is still used at Church 
Stretton. F. C. Birkbbck Terrt. 


Authors op Quotations Wanted (6*** S. 

" For doggard's brow/' &o. 
Thomion*8 Caitle of Indolence, canto iL stanza 50. 

C. T. B. 


A Warwickshire 
iy. ^4). — More than 

Phrase (6"» S. iuL 430 
fifty years ago I heard a 


lUusUms : a Psychologieal Study, By James Solly. (0. 

Kegan Paal & Co.) 
Mb. Sullt hat giyen us a book which requires no little 
attention if its contents are to be thoroughly mastered* 
In these days, when fluent writers are prepared to dis- 
patch any or all the most complex problems of life and 
mind in a short magazine article, it is not a little com- 
forting to find that we haye some still among us who are 
prepared to go to the root of the matter in their search 
for knowledi^, and are aware that eren possible tnith a 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 




«f more iinportanee than any number of glib sentonees. 
^e Iriokt that the fancy plays us haye been dwelt upon 
by a host of writers, but we cannot call to mind any 
other English author who has undertaken to inyestigate 
the whole range of illusion in a purely scientific manner. 
If r. Sully has done this, and whaterer we may think of 
ibis or that conclusion, has, from his own point of Tiew, 
done it most effectifciy. As the illusions of which he 
treats occupy, in part at least, that border land which, 
in the opinion of some, is goyemed by other laws as well 
M those with which science undertakes to deal, it is not 
to be enected that all Mr. Sully's conclusions should 
pass unchallenged. We are, howeyer, bound to ssy that 
no reasonable man can find fault with the tone in which 
these dangerous and difficult topics are treated. The 
book is hard reading, for two reasons. First, it deals 
with questions with which the ordinary reader is but 
little familiar : and secondly, because Mr. Sully is fully 
j^reast with toe most modern researches of French and 
Oerman students, and is compelled, for the take of 
ftceuracy, to use certain words and forms of sentences 
which will be but dimly intelligible to most persons. 
Difficult as it is, we hope it may be read by many who 
hare the care of young children, for we cannot doubt 
that if the nature of many of the horrible phantas- 
magoria which haunt the brain were understood, cer- 
tain cruel indiscretions would be far less common than 
they are at present It is certainly still an open ques- 
tion whether ghosts belong to the realm of illusion] or 
reality, but the most conyinced belieyer in yisitants 
from the spirit would, one would think, admit the folly 
of torturing children by telling them tales of horror. 
The book is a coherent whole, and it is somewhat akin 
to presumption to point out what we consider the better 
portion. We would, howeyer, direct special attention 
to the part deyoted to the phenomena ox dreams. With 
A yery slight reseryaUon we must pronounce it excellent. 
As fu as our reading has extended, we have found it by 
far the best treatise in the language. The fact that 
nearly all dreams are made up of fragments of the 
memory of past things is admirably brought out. Mr. 
fiully might haye quoted as an example of this a strange 
dream recorded in John Stowe*s Memoranda, published 
last year by the Oamden Society. *' Master Bychard 
Allington esquere" was dying of smallpox in 15ol, and 
he made a public confession which has, from more than 
one point of yiew, a most melancholy interest Among 
other things he tells us that the second night of his sick- 
ncM, when he was broad awake as ha thought, his room 
was Inyaded by "strange thyngs and ferefnlL" He 
knew not what to call them, but says they were " lyke 
poppets." It is erident that the sick man—who had no 
doubt of the reality of the rision— had conjured up the 
delurion from the memory of childiBh toys or the puppet- 
ahows be might have seen at fain. 

The Poemi of MatUr FroMos ViU&n, ^ Pari$, Now first 
done into English Verse in the Original Forms by John 
Payne. (Reeyes k Turner.) 
Thi growing interest in that strange and complex per- 
sonage whom Clement Marot called *' the first Parisian 
poet '* must be exceedingly attractiye to the student of 
literary reyiyals. That Frangois de Montcorbier, other- 
frise bown as Francois Villon, should haye found fenrent 
admirers in MM. Siohepin and De Banyille is not re- 
aarliable, since one is the restorer of the famous ballade 
form, of which Villon is the acknowledged master, and 
the other is an adept in that argot of which the erratic 
ihiger whom he celebrates comprehensiyely as " Beeroc, 
tmand, markw, g^nie " was an earlier and more illustrious 
Vtactitioner. Nor is it matter for surprise that Mr. 
Bwrnbume, whoso enthosiasmi are generooa and far- 

reaching, should hail him (albeit somewhat fantastically)* 
as " our sad, bad, glad, miui brother"; but it is certainly 
significant that Mr. Matthew Arnold, in an introductioik 
to the flower of English poetry, should find room for 
reference to the warm human tears in this " yoice from 
the slums of Paris." Clearly, after such an utterance, 
it was necessary that some fuller manifestation of Villon 
should be made to the English-reading public; and- 
Messrs. Reeyes & Turner haye done well in reissuing 
(with some needful retrenchments) that complete trans- 
lation put forth in 1878 by Mr. Payne for the benefit of 
a chosen few. The enterprise was in many ways a 
notable one. So great are the difficulties of rendering 
the poems in the original forms, that it would not bo 
difficult to demonstrate that success is well-nish im- 
possible. But taking Mr. Payne's work as a whole, and 
bearing in mind that it includes the whole, and is not 
a merely fitful attempt at a part or parte, we must 
honestly admit that it exhibits an amount of manipulative 
skill and sustained yerbal dexterity which, to those who- 
know the magnitude of the technical obstacles, will seem 
little short of maryellous. That it should strike us, 
notwithstanding, more as a brilliant tour deforce than a- 
really representative rendering will not, after what we 
have said, be regarded as any abatement of praise, since 
ingenuity rather than absolute fidelity is the rock ahead 
of all translation, and especially of that which reproducea- 
metres and forms. Those who can still spell out the 
originals in the old editions of Jannet and Lacroix will 
continue to do so in spite of latest researches and various- 
readings; but those who cannot^and to them this book 
is addressed— will gain from it, and from the picturesque 
and thoroughly literary study with which it opens, much* 
more than a merely vague outline of this poet of the 
kennel and the tavern, who betwixt two ribald or satirical 
staves could produce so reverential an appeal as the 
" Ballade pour prier Notre Dame " or " so sweet a voice 
and vague " as that which has for burden " Mais oil- 
sont les neiges d'antan 1 " 

The Nem Phrynichut : being a Revued Text of the Edoga 
of the Orammarian Phryni(Aus, With Introductions* 
and Commentary by W. Qunion Butherford, M.A. 
(Macmillan k Co.) 
This book is in several respects one of the most im- 
portant clsasical works published within late years, 
because it seems to indicate that the current of Greek 
scholarship is now setting in a new direction in England.. 
On the one hand, it is a deliberate attempt to dethrone 
the Oerman school founded by Hermann, and to return'* 
to the methods of the great English schobrs, Bentley, 
Person, Elmsley, and Dawes ; on the other hand, it fear- 
lessly enunciates the first maxim of true scholarship,, 
that anomalies must be disregarded till the rules aro 
thoroughly understood. In insisting upon rairing into a 
rule erery thing that is true in three cases out of four- 
Mr. Butherford may sometimes have carried too far the* 
principles of the grammarian whom he illustrates; but 
the fault, if any, is on the right side. Again, following 
the lead of Phryniehus, his editor has been brought to 
formulate two yery striking and useful theories— thr- 
one that in the tragic dialect has been preeeryed tho 
language of early Attica, the other that Xenophon's 
diction is not Attic at all, but virtually an anticipation 
of the common dialect Both of these theories are 
supported at lome length, but it is impossible to discusv^ 
them here. Space forbids us to do more than call 
special attention to articles 802 and S25, which will pro- 
bably produce considerable alterations in future Greek 
grunmars. The book, on the whole, is a remarkable 
one ; and we shall look forward to the publication of the 
autboritatiyo work on the Attic verb whiob, as we lear» 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [c^siv.jult 23/81. 

from the preface, is Hr. Eatherford*8 cherished ulterior 

Th4 Angd Meuiak o/BuddMsU, Euenet, and Christiuni. 

By Ernest de Boiiien. (Longmans k Co.) 
Thi inheritor of » great name, Mr. Ernest de Bonsen 
is evidently also the inheritor of much of the spirit of 
historical rasearch which is so inieparably associated 
with that name. It is scarcely necessary to lay that the 
work beforo us is not written from the point of riew of 
any form of what is generally known as "orthodox 
Christianity/' though its main thesis of a continuous 
revelation is not unknown to orthodoxy. The Essenes 
and TherapeutsB have long been a favourite ground for 
the speculations of writers who do not accept the 
4>rdinary views. But we think that the value attaching 
to them is somewhat factitious, while of the scientific 
Yalue and interest attaching to Buddhism thero can be 
no doubt. Mr. de Bunsen indicates what appears to be 
a novel solution of the great Buddhist enus. Nirvana, 
which he affirms to be the sun. But if the sun be the 
abode of " Isvftra Deva, the Arohitect of the World," 
when is no moro sin, or death, or birth, we should like 
to know how this agrees with the doctrine for which 
Lanjuinais asserts Yedic authority: " If a man has done 
works which lead to the world of the sun, his soul 
repairs to the world of the sun." There are others, we 
are also told, who go to the world of the moon. Neither 
of these is exclusive, and neither is stated as the highest 
degree of felicity after death. From the world of the 
moon we aro expressly told that n-birth takes place, 
lir. de Bunsen has written a book full of interest, but 
we do not think he has settled for us what is and what 
is not Nirvans. To students of the modom science of 
religion his book will be suggestive of much matter for 
thought and researoh. 

Journal of the Derhythire ArekmoUgUal and Natwrai 
Bitiory Soeitty, Vol. III. for 1881. (Bemrose k Sona) 
Thk current year's volume shows the Berbyshire Society 
to be full of life, and the topics selected for discussion 
and illustration are widely interesting to the herald, the 
genealogist, and the topographer. The armorial stained 
glass in Ashbume Church is of very special interesL and 
the plates an at once bright and clear. Mr. Jourdain's 
list of the arms is taken from that made by St. George 
in his Visitation, 1611, and he adds tables enabling a 
ready comparison of the plates with the Visitation. Mr. 
Andreas Cokayne contributes some genealogical notes on 
the Cokaynes of Ashbume, and reprints Sir Thomas 
Cockaine^ Shwi Trealite of Hunting, 1691. Our corre- 
spondent Mr. Aifrod Wallis also gives some interesting 
reprints in his paper on the "Early History of the 
Printing-Press in Derbyshiro "; and Mr. J. C. Cox fitiy 
discourses on the " Place and Field Names of Derby- 
shiro," a subject very congenial alike to the author of 
the paper and to many of the roaders of " N. & Q." 
Did space admit, we might be disposed to criticize some 
of the explanations offerod by Mr. Cox, but we have now 
said enough, we trust, to show good cause for the much 
more than local value which attaches to the publications 
of the Derbyshire Arohssological and Natural History 

Ih Arthur Penrhyn Stanley, Dean of Westminster, 
English literature and English society lose an ornament, 
jEud*' N. Ji Q." loses a kind friend and valued supporter. 
It seems but the other day that we were recording his 
jnost recentiy published work, little thinking that it 
'would be his last The familiar presence of one who 
liad been intimately associated with so much that goes 
4o make up the life of the nation will long be missed, 
far beyond the cirole of the Dean's personal friends, far 

beyond the precincts of the great West Minster which 
he knew and loved so well. In New England, no lesf 
than here, his memory ut palmafiordnL 

Dbath has been sadlv busy among our old friends and 
contributors. Chancellor Harington was called to hit 
rest on the very same day as the Dean of Westminster. 
He will be missed not only under the shadow of Exeter 
Cathedra], but among the many throughout the countij 
who knew and valued his refined scholarship. 

AxoKOST Mr. Murray's list of forthcoming works are : 
— Continuation of Slwtn^t Edition of the Worh of Popo 
(vol iii. of the Poetry), containing the Satires, Monil 
Essays, &c., with Introduction and Notes, edited by 
W. J. Courthope, M.A. ; SeUctiont from the Corrupon- 
detut o/th^JUv. Tkomas Twining, M»A.; Tke Ru€ of 
StyUi tn Arckiteeturt. by George Edmund Street^ R.A.; 
Th€ Life of Sir Ckarlet Lyell, with Selections from hi0 
Journals and Correspondence, edited by his sister-in-law, 
Mrs. Lyell; 7%# Life of Albert Darer, and a History of 
Au Art, by Merits Thauring : A Dictionary of Hymno* 
logy, by John Julian, F.K.S.b. ; and the Life of JonO' 
than Swift, by Heniy Craik, B.A. 

fiatitti to CorretfpoiiireiiU. 

FLvn Strbbt.— A " wajzgoose," accorduig to Bailey'* 
Dictionary, is a stubble-goose. An early instance of the 
use of the word for printen' annual dinners will be found 
in Moxon's Mechanick Exereieet, 1688. Moxon says: 
** It Is also customary for all the Journey-men to make 
every Year new Paper Windows, whether the old will 
serve again or no ; Because that day they make them, 
the Master Printer gives them a Way-goose; that is, he 
makes them a good Feast, and not only entertains them 
at his own House, but besides;^ives them money to spend 
at the Ale-house or Tavern at Night ; And to this Feast 
they invito the Correetcr, Founder, Smith, Joyner, and 
Jnek-nwker, who all of them severally (except the Cor* 
recter in his own Civility) open their Purse-strings and 
add their BencTolence (which Workmen account their 
duty, because they generally chuse these Workmen) to 
the Master Printer : But from the Correeter they expect 
nothing, because the Master Printer chusinic him, the 
Workmen can do him no kindness. These Way-gooses 
are always kept about Bartholomew-tide. And till the 
Master Printer have given this Way-goose, the journey- 
men do not use to work by Candle Light." Timperley, 
in his Dictionary of Printers and Printing, 1839, quotes 
the above from Moxon, with the following note : ** The 
derivation of this term is not genenlly known. It ie 
from the old English word wayz, stubble. A stubble- 
goose is a known dainty in our days. A wayzgoose was 
the head dish at the annual feasts of the forefathers of 
our fraternity." 

E. M. writes to us that he has procured a copy of the 

f resent Hieroglyphie Bible, and that it has the name of 
[oulston & Sons on the title. 

HoBA. — ^The apostrophe seems to be simply a case of 
atavism, though m a somewhat unexpected quarter. 

B. C. HoPB (Scarborough).— Consult the newspaper* 
of the date when the incident occurred. 


Editorial Communications should be addressed to "The 
Editor of 'Notes and Queries '"—Advertisements and 
Business Letters to " The Publisher "—«t the Ofiice, 20, 
Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C. 

We beg leave to state that we decline to return com* 
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to this rule we can make no exception. 3 O Q I C 

«»,'8i.i notes and queries. 

Every 8ATUBDA T, 0/ any Bookteller vr Ntw-agmt, 

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informed circles of the Metropolis. 

OFFICE for ADYEBTISEMENTS, 20^ WeUiogton Street, Strand, London, W.O. 

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igi ize y ^ 

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It ooD^ts of Sixty Volamef, U^^calf, indnding a*80 ths first five General Indexes. The Set le^in» 
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PftttH Vf S. J. FBANCI^ AtbcBBiim Prm. Teok'i Govt, Qbanmrj 
JOII V r SAMCIB. ak Ho. tD. WtUlBitoB Stmt, Stassd, W. 

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' VIThen fonnd, make a note of." — OaFFAIR Ooma. 

No. 83. 

Saturday, July 30, 1881. 

EPrios Fourpbnoc. 
Reffiitered at a ygvnpaprr. 



South Kenrington. 

Open daily, ezeeptiiif Friduf. and Alwayi Fre«i 

0»l«kgnat, HMori«ftl and D«eriptiTe. prepared by GeoTse Behart 
JP.a A., are dow ready, prioe One BhilUng. 

BnleB for the admintoa of Oopylali may alio be had on appUoation 
al the Gallery. 

ME, L. HERRMAN'S Fine- Art Gallery, 60, 
■ClriBtt Rntatlt »tr«ti oiFtKHlte Brl^lih MiueiiEn, farniFrlif 
ccU£»ttihei1 ?t, niT«t R>if»7l1 Wlr«t. A OMltrf L^r Fine Warkj of A rf, 
embcu^nic E'iirtarM flf \hi lt*]i»n, Germ*!!, 1>uh?1]^ and Frcoch 
Sohoolti ftliw^n <m Vkv« and il»& mauj; fntfrcitini; «iktn{»l» hj 

PteHinee Oleucd, FUitoredi Ketineil. of Frmm^il. wit I flu J this 
iit^lliluiifAt oOhIiii iFork eilmned for |te tlurabilbtjr aud art J it lO 
uQAlll^y^ PietnriB mtoTmlloii and oleankim ii trc&t»d with thr hc£t 
|iidBBt«iiLl lud 41iff hUheci ikftl : oil p^lntin^ kud drawiuii fr&nici 
ftfWr tbe mait beuittfu] nodal i or lEaMaa, Ffenah. md Eafllii]i 
fiarnd w^rfc. Citalogiua amiijsed uid CaLI««tlatii r^luiid. 


rOTICE.— The EXECUTORS of the late 

EDWARD J. FRANCIS are prepared to give Eetimatei for 
all kind* of PrinUng. The well-known oharaoter of thii KitaUlah* 
meot fbr the prodaotlon of FinUOiaai Work daring a period of Sixty 
Teari ii a ga%rantee of the eare and attention that will be giren to — 


GENEALOGY.— Pedigieee Traced, Family His- 
toTlea Edited, and Antiquarian Searohee Oondnoted. by an 
Oxford M.A. T^nns ModoEmto^-QElf BALOGIttT. 8, QoaU^ Court. 
Chaneery Lane. 


TTENRY GRAY, AntiquariaD Bookseller, 25, 
JJL Cathedral Yard, Manobeiter. Send lilt of Wants. No. S 
CATALOQUB now ready, post free, oontafninv Topography, Bhrop< 
Shire to Yorkshire InelusiTe. Lancashire and Cheshire CATALOGUE 
BOfW ready, peat fkea. 


and Foretgn Theologloal Bookseller, 9P, Gt 

London, E.O. Ertabllshed 1M8. 

T. BAKER'S Stock eomprises over 100.000 Tolnraes of New and 

Peoond-hand Books, En^ih and Foreign, Old and Modem, in every 

Depvtment of Theolegtoal and Religtous Literature, teelnding Bibles^ 

Opmneotaries. and Expositions and BibUoal Oritieisus-The Writings 

of the Fathers and 


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toolmen— Liturgioal and Devotional Works— 


P P S'S 




** ^ a thorough knowledge of the natural laws 
which goTem, the operation of dlgeetlon and 
nutrition, and by a oarefU application of the 
flae properties of wcll-eelected Coooa, Mr. Bpps 
has provided our breakfast tables wiih a deU- 
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many^henvy doctors' bills. It is by the judlei( 
use of such articles of diet that % consUtut 
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reaist every tendf- - ' 

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rettt every tendency to disease. Hundreds of 
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*'<SIt.?i?^* ^^ *b>^ *>' keeping ourselves 

Xaubs o» mn%*% OfloooLan Eamroi roB Arruaoov Vti. 

tai a 9a 88. 

nr A £^J4^^^^u®'.«^ extensive COLLECTION (J.800 Articles. 
&fets^Ll%¥T&,SrWfo'SSi?iL^^^ '.^L-JOHI^ 

BOOKS (Second. Hand Miscellaneons), RE- 
MAINDERS, Aa-O. HERBERT, Eogliih Rud Foreign Book- 
sdltf , 00. GosweU Road, London. E.C. CATALOGUE tm on receipt 
of Two Stamps. Libraries, Old Books, and Parchment purchased. 

CATALOGUE of BOOKS, Scarce, Curious, Useful. 
Post ftree on appIloatton.-ROBERT HOLLYMAN, 1, Porta- 
mouth Place, Lincoln's Inn Fields, W.C. 

CATALOGUE (No. 82, August) of AUTO- 
F. NA YLOS, 4, MUlman Street. Bedford Row. Sent on application. 


^'S now b,lii« made and Enmved on '* Latten " of the same aHcf 
^J%^'J^%? ^^ *' *?• Thirtcmth and Fourteenth Centuriee, by 
GAI^HORP, Ifl, Long Aere. London. Illustrated Book of D«^ 
and bamples. and New Edition of Art Metal Work CaUlogue, senl 

F. & O. OSLER. 

GlaM Dinner Services. 
Glass Dessert Services. 
Glass Table Deooratiena. 
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Glass Wall Lights. 
Glass and Metal Chandeliers. 

China Dessert SerHoes. 
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China Omamenta 

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London : Show-Rooms, 45, Oxford Street, W. 



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flrom an: " * 


Perfumen. and Halrd t sss srs . in 
Digitized by LnOOQlC 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [6*b.iv.joi.t8o/8l 



Ko. IW, to publtthed THIS DAT. 

I. liADAMB DB STAfili. 
n. IHDIA In MO. 


TH. Th« SEPB of HOMBira TEOT. 
JOHK MUBRAT, Albemuls Stwtt. 

Now reftdy. in f toIi. iU, 

of the ENGLISH RBFOBMATIOK. Edited flram the nranoh 
of Albert da Bovf, with Notee. bj OHABLOTTB M. TOMGJfi. Author 
of "Ibe Hoir of Bodeliffe,** *o. 

HUB8T * BLA0KB1T. U, Great lUrlboroogfa Street 


ttiSttcleby the Uto DBANof WESTMIMBTEBon-TheWEST- 


Ho. 1«. for AUGUST. Prioi II. 


1. TbA POBTBAIT of a LADT. Bj Henrj Jameii Jup. Ohapfc 

ft TWO THBOBIBS of POBTBT. By Arlhnt Tillcy. 

I. A NIGHT in JUNE. By Alfred Aurtin. « .^ ,^ 

4. Tho WESTMINSTER 00MFBS8I0N of FAITH. By the Dean 


Now ready, in imperial 8to. prioe Un doth, 


X SOOTLAND. Vol. 17. Aj>. 1069-ian. Edited by DAVID HAS- 
SON, LL.D.. Piofenor of Rhelorio and Bnclleh Litezatore in the 
UniTeni^ of Edinonri^ 

Bdlnbnrgh : A. * C. BLACK, DOUGLAS * FOVLia 

London : Longmans k Oa, IWibner ft Co. Oxford : Parker ft Oo. 

Cambridfe;JUoBiillenftOo. Dnblln : A. Thom ft Co. 

«. SOAP SUDS. By the Hon, Sophia M. Palmer. 
7. The NINE SONS : a Cretan Legmd. By W. F. BramwdL 
XAOXILLAN ft CO. London. 


Eftry BATURDAT, of any BookeeiliC or NfWl-um^ 


ThiM Da^a A THXNjBUM mmtain$ ArUda on 
HOYELS of the WEEK. „^„„„ 

PRB8IDBMT GARFIELD, Bonnet by Thoodoxe Watti. 


Blaek-Loltar Boprini, on handiaade paper. 410. boardt, flu 
fTHB POPISH KINODOMB, or Reigne of Anti- 

X ohriit Written in Latin Verje by THOM AS^RAOGEOROyB, 
and Englyahed by BARNABE GOOGB. W9, Sdited by B. C. HOPE. 
«*When we bear in mind what a vaat amount of illostration of old 
Engllah enstoma and snperrtitlons In Bamabe OoogePe tranalation of 
Se * Becnnm Paplatieom ' of Naogeoima, It la eztcaordinary that tho 
n^oeoopy of that Ugbly eoriooa TOlDme in tho^Dntrecalty Library. 
Cambridge, haa not been reprodoeed lone boforethta." . _ _„ 

forma a Tory eariooa and Important Uatk in the deralop- 


London : W. 8ATCHELL ft CO. 11, TaTlatock Streol, 
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noSSealSSS; Soeietlea} Meeting} Geaatp. 
VINE ARTS-Barber'aAndent Embroidery; IllaatratedBoolDi; The 
■Nati^lGSlS; ; Boyal Arohiaologloal Inatitate: San Juan da 

loaBeyea, Toledo; Notea ftom Athena ; Bale; Goaiip. 
XUSIO-ThaWeek; Goaaip. 
DBAMA-Tha Week ; GoaBi^ 

PnbllBhad by JOHN FBANOIS. ^ Wellington Street. Strand. 
London, W.C. 


AakBOwledfad to be the flneat Imported, free from aeidltf or haat, 
and mneh aoparfor to low-prieed Sherry, ttl ■. p«r dOB«n. 

Bdaoted dry TABBAGONA, aa aoppUed to the PobUa Hoipitalf, 
Aiylnaaifta. lOa. par doian. BaU oarriage paid. 

W. D. WATSON, Wine Merehant, 

tn, Ozfotd BIraat, and M. BarwUk BtiMt, Landon. W. 

BMi^liihad IML SanMaaih. 

Now nady, IM pp. aanan iftno. witti MO Woodonta. dolfa, piioa tc. 

Hon. M.A. Ozoo, F.B.A. Lond., ftOL 
- Aiohltaotoxal Miatory can only be nnderatood by U>e q re»7eittiar 
by aeelng the bnUdiaga themaelTea, or aoawti^ 'f'^T^^^iLSf 
t&niuniSd in ohMAologioal orderr-lhia lattar la what haa bean 
attempted in the preaant work." 

Neaply ready, 

ClSTotBOM& iibridgadfiramMs.P*rkei1i**ArQhflBOlocyQf 

PABKJBR ft 00. OxHord ; and «. Sonthampten Etreet, Strand. London. 

Now f«ady« Vol. XIL— EGYPTIAN TBXTS. 



PtobHsfaod imdtt the tanetlon of the Society of Biblical 

Editod by S. BIROH, LL.D. 

With an Index of the Contenti of the Serlea. 

Cloth, 3f. (M. 

SAMUEL BAGSTER & SONS, 15, Pfttemoaler Row, London. 


OLLOWAY'S PILLS.— Sudden tHiBBMoiiB from 
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lojtdon; saturdav, jult». xan. 

CONTENTS.— N* 83. 

NOTSB :->Etoii Ck>lIeK6 Libnurj (ooneladed), Sl^The Beylied 
Vtnioii of the New TeatMnent, 83— Padlgree of Bodlej of 
Zicmdon, 84— OrigliiAl MSS. of Robert Bunw, 86 -'* Dftvld's 
•SUng agaliMt giwi OoIUh "— M . Bully Pradhomme— Prefece 
io a SpicUagiain of Notw, Aneodotaf, Ac— Boiled Fonta, 
«7— Ancient MSS. sold aa Wute Parohment— Scripture 
BeMllng at M eala, 88. 

<)I7ERIB8:— The Wife of Admlnl B. W. Page— Ancient 
South Afkicw GlTillMtlon—Nell Qwynne— " worthj Oom- 
mnnlcant,'* 88— By of LelcaaterBhire— " The horn waa 
wound, " ftc— Manor of Bast Greenwich— '*Bewalle "— 
«*DeTll'8 Drlre"— Phnkett Pamilr— '*SUrk naught*— 
Monteomeiy of Haeailheed— A "SoaTcnger'a Peruke,'* 81^ 
IVnrai- Loggan the ArUat— Brown, ArUat— Effenreacing 
Bxinka— "Noni^, folky, graatj "— Authoia Wanted, 90. 

BEPLIBS :— Pemale Boldlais and SallorB, 90-IndIgenona 
Iieea of Biitaln|91— Place-namee of Bngland : a Dlctlonarr, 
92— Dotterel: JOoterd— The Abbej of Peterborough and 
the Prlorj of Spalding. 98— "The evU one "— Manaoni'a 
*<PnMneasi fipoai^— ABook of Bpltapha-Plaoe-Bamea, M 
— '* Walking width," *&— Portrait of John Bnnjan— Blllott 
or Montgomery— John Waaler and the Beal Preaenee, 06— 
Andni Family— "OatanfMltaEfordahlre Eleetlon of 1754— 
Apple^eoopi — "lyoed" Platee-I)loe-'*Sootheat" in 
"Comna"— Oampbell of Canadale, 00— Milton Queriea— 
Btida under the Oroaa-" Stnteh-tog." 07— The Fife Barl- 
4lom— Friday an ITnlncky Day for Macriagea- Buaby— 
Bdmund Cnrll, Bookaeller— Snanlah Prorartie— A BUly-oock 
Hat— The Oamet-headed YatSngale, 06. 

NOTES ON BOOKS :— Oardiner and Mnllinger'a ** Introdno- 
Hon to the Study of EngUah HlaUny"— Wamer'a " OaU- 
kgue of the MSS. and Munimenta of Alleyn'a College of 
Ood'a 01ft at Dnhrioh"— CShaughneaey'a "Songa of a 
Worker"— BeyBolda*a **Legenda Sanctorum *'— *'Beoorda of 

Noiloaa to Coneapondentit Aol 

{ConducUi from p. 6S.) 

Witk ft notioe of ft lew books that did not 
adfnit of cbnifiostion midsr any of the preyions 
sabjools, and with a Mef desoription of some 
spocimwis of bindiagiy this series of papers may 
fitly oloBe. 

SeTeial works isnied by the early Parisian prees 
naffA be added to thoie mentioned nnder the 
faoMl of oltaeieii^ bat we tun to some publioations 
of a diffflcent ofaanuiter in our own oonntEy. The 
eoUeetion of county histories and other topo- 
graphical works is a very good one. Of Stow'e 
Survey of London there are two quarto impres- 
none m gothic typ& the second and third editions, 
ie03 and 1618. sfoidttB^B '* Spicuhm Britannia^ 
the fint parte by the TraTaile and View of John 
Norden, with the Map of Myddleeez," 1693, 
deaerveB notioe, as does Biohard Gazew's Survey 
of ComwaU, 1602. Of Dogdale's works other 
than his MoiiaeUcon there are yaloable copies, 
and rery fine large-paper imniressions of Pennant^ 
Qsoae, Morant, AtkVns^ Thoresby, Leycester, 
Pedc, and a host of other anthorities on this sab- 
ject^ in connexion with which we mayalso specify 
Chiidott^ i>tiawm on JBa(Ae and ttt TFotfri^ 1676» 

King's VaU Royall, 1656, and The Hietory of the 
Church of PeUrburgh, by Symon Ganton, late 
Prebendary of that church, illustrated wiUi sculp- 
tures, 1686, folio. 

Beraldry.-^To the votaries of this fiueinating 
study the library presents some attractions both 
in MS. and in pnnt. The Anatomie of Spain, 
by Haiye Bedwood, and the splendid wwk of 
Tirolli hare been noticed (6«' S. iii. 263X To these 
we may add W. Segai^s KnighU of (he OarUr, 
with their arms blasted in tinctures, from 1603 
to 1619, a handsome manuscript on vellum ; La 
Science Hiroiqus, by Marc de Yulson, printed at 
Paris, 1644 ; Guillim's Dieplav ofBercid/ry, 1679 
(fifth edition) ; and DallawayVi Inquvriu inio ike 
Origin and Progreea of the Scienee of Heraldry in 
England, Gloucester, 1793. Two other folios on 
this subject daim a separate recognition. (1) 
liilles's Catalogue. of Eonor, ''Translated out of 
Latrne into Engfish," London, 1610, the earliest 
book of this class. Milles was nephew of Bobert 
Glover, Somerset Herald, and received aid in his 
work (aoknowledffsd in the quaint pre&oe) from 
Lord W. Howard, Sir B. Cotton, Cfatmden, and 
other antiquaries A the time. (2) The Sphere of 
Gentry, by Sylvanus Morgan, 1661. This curious 
and remarkable work was oompiled and the 
greater part of it printed during the Common- 
wealth. It contains a large number of ooloored 
coats of arms, and some engravings well executed, 
principally by B. Gaywood, the pupil and imitator 
of Hollar. At p. 89 is a plate of the hearse of 
Gharlee L A fine copy of Weever's Funeral 
Monumente may be here mentioned, folio, 1671, 
with an emblematical title-page. 

The library possesses a copy of tiie original im- 
pressions of ue <S|peo(ator, ficom the first number on 
March 1, 1711, to August 12, 1712, printed lor 
S. Buckley. 

Lastly, the Strawberry Hill pieces may claim a 
separate notice. The cmlection includes nineteen 
oat of the thirty-three publications enumerated by 
Dibdin {BibUom., p. 634), and those that are 
absent are of a more fagitive and comparatively 
nnintereettng chaiaoter; Bentley's - lAiean and 
Hentzner^s Itinerary have already come before us 
(6^ S. iii 442 ; iv. 2). The foUowing are of value 
for their subject-matter, their scarcity, owing 
to the smallness of the number issued and their 
never having been reprinted, or for the elegance of 
their typography ; in some cases from all of these 
reasons. (1) An Account of Ruetia ae it imm in 
(he Year 1710, by Lord Whitworth. (2) A 
ParaUd hetwten a Moei CtlebraUd Man of Flo- 
rence (Magliabecohi) and One scarce ever heard of 
in England (Mr. Hill). (3) The fourth edition of 
the Aneedotee of PaiiUing, with the plates. (4) 
The Life of Lord Herbert of Cherhury, with the 
genealogical table. (6) Mimoiree du ConUe de 
Xhammmi, with V^rta^^^^PoeUcripi^ 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [6.»8.iv.joLT8a,-8i. 

the Boyal and Nchh AviJun'i, with the etching 
taken from the illamination in the library of the 
King of France (Oflbome*8 BimourJa on Noble 
Aumor$, a very scarce Yolnme, is abo here). 
(7) DaeripHon of the ViUa of Mr. Horace 
WcdpoU, &c This last was a presentation copy 
to Mr. Anthony Stofer, and contains two addi- 
tional prints. We may mention that there are 
five copies of the CatUe of OtrarUo^ including 
one printed by Bodoni at Pazma, 1791, and three 
impressions of Jeffery's edition, of which one is on 
yellam, with plates, and is bound in red yelyet 
The MS. of the Supplemenl to Hietorie Doubts, 
&a, which was printed and edited by Dr. Hawtrey 
for the Philobiblon Society, has been mentioned 
(e^ S. iii. 104) as being in this library. 

Bindinge, — A few of these hare been mentioned 
in the course of these papers. It may be worth 
while, howerer, to dwell a little more upon this 
subject^ on wmch I hare had the adrantage of 
consulting Mr. Henry F. WheaUey, F.S.A. On 
one of the dreariest days of last January we yisited 
the OoUege library, and eren then he was struck 
with the c^eerfomess of the rich eighteenth cen- 
tury gilding which forms so prominent a feature. 
A description is here subjoined of some of the 
choicest specimens, the order obserred being 
, mainly that of the chronological history of the art. 
The first three are genuine Groliers — Eputolarum 
ad Fridericum Naueeam, Libri z.^ Basle, Oporinus, 
1550, folio; Philippi Berodld% Opuscula^ nne 
loco et anno, 8Ta ; Juvenalis et Pereius, Aldus, 
1535, 12mo., with Ulnminated initial letters. The 
first two of these are in brown calf, the last in dark 
grained morocoa They are all ornamented on the 
sides with interlaced gilt work. The first U a 
particularly fine specimen, with white polished 
leather let in. On the side of each of them is 
lo. GROLiEBii XT AMiooBVM, and ou the reyerse 


the inscription and motto giving the distinguish- 
ing characteristio of the Aench school of orna- 
mental binding founded by M. Jean Grolier (bom 
1479, died in 1565). The names of the binders 
whom he empbyed are not known. His library 
of about 3,000 Tolnmes was preserved at the H5tel 
de Vic till 1675, and then publicly sold. The 
following are all noteworthy :—8annazariu$f ap. 
Sebast. Gmthium, Lyons, 1547, 12mo., light 
brown calf bmding in the Grolier style. Apmano^ 
Hiitoria deUe Ouerre esteme de Bomani, Venice, 
1543, small 4to. This Italian translation was 
bound for Demetrio Ganevari, one of the 
most remarkable oollecton in Italy during the 
sixteenth century, and has his characteristic 
medallion on the centre of each side. Flautue, 
Jacob Stoer, 1587, and Diogenee LaerHue de 
Vita et MonbuSf Leyden, 1592, two duodecimos 
bound in the style of Nicholas Eve, who in 1578 
tyled himself ''Bookseller to the University of 

Paris and Bookbinder to the King." They are 
richly ornamented with fine gilt backs. AristoUe, 
Yictorius's commentary on the Ethics and Ehetorie, 
Florence, Junt, 1679, folio, two handsome- 
volumes in dark green morocco from the library 
of De Thou. The Storer collection is rich in suck 
specimens, mostly in dark red morocco with a 
plain side, the arms in the centre and his mono- 
gram repeated down the back. These volumesi 
have his arms as a bachelor, but as Be Thou him- 
self died in 1617 they must have been added t» 
his libraiy by his son, who continued to bind the 
fresh booKs in the same style as his father. Luciano 
Basle, 1563, 4 vols., 8vo., in olive morocco, with 
De iniou's arms as above. Phryniehi Dictioiie^ 
Attica, Strasburg, 1601, 4to.; Juliani Ccuares, 
with the Sardi VenaUs of Petrus Gunseus. These 
two boobi have De Thou's arms impaled with 
those of his first and of his second wife respectively^ 
with a different monc^ram in each case. DarUct 
** Gon I'espositione di Chi, Landino,'' Venice, 1507,. 
folio, not bound in the style of De Thou, but 
curious as having been in his possession. The- 
binding is origiiud Italian, green morocco roughly 
but foUy gilt on the sides and back, with the 
edffes gut and gauffrL Barker's Bible (Ay.> 
and Prayer Book, 1615, in contemporary calf, 
with soUd gilt ornaments. Msckylue, Paris, 
Adrianus Tumebus, 1550, small 8vo., six pkys^ 
the Cho^horoi being absent This volume, the 
typomphy of which is also of singular beauty, is* 
in red morocco, with the golden fleece stamped at 
the comers and in the centre of the sides as well 
as down the back. This ornament was adopted 
by Baron de Longepierre at the end of the 
seventeenth century, when, after writing several 
dramas, none of which succeeded, he resorted at 
last to the old subject of Medea, which waS' 
well received. The device is stamped also in 
the inside of the volume, which is dmthUy th» 
inside cover being also lined with leather. 
Gicero's OraXions, Szevi^ 164^ 12ma, in twelve 
volumes, is another pretty specimen of this styles 
Herodotus, Paris, 1570, H. Stephens, folio. Thie 
is in every point of view an interesting book^ 
The text is a great improvement on that of the 
previous editions, the type is beautifiil, and the 
binding superb. It was probably bound by Le 
Gkiscon, one of the earliest French binders whose 
name has come down to us. It is dark morocco, 
very fully gilt all over the sides and back, with 
the fanfare pattern introduced . It may be con- 
sidered altogether the finest specimen of binding^ 
in the library. Pindar, edited by Benedictus, 
Saumur, 1620, 4to., green morocco, covered aU 
over with fieurs^de-lys, interesting as having be- 
longed to Manage. Tasso, Parigi. 1644, fouo, a^ 
very elaborate specimen of French oinding, in red 
morocco, with sides and back fully gilt Orlan-^ 
dino Limsimo di Piiocco, printed on vellum^ 
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London and Paris, 1773, 8yo., bound in red 
moroooo by De Borne, witii yeiy rich oniamental 
gilt borders, to whioh he was nmooB. Mimoirea 
du Due de Bohan, 2 yols., Paris, 1661, 12aio., 
bonnd in morocco by De Borne le jeone, the 
^leyenih of this family of bookbinders. Eudibras, 
Dr. Grey's edition, 1744, 2 yols., 8yo., large paper, 
with plates from Hogarth, in red morocco folly 
gilt^ a yery good specimen of the work of the 
middle of last century. Geoponica de Be Bustica, 
Libri zx., compiled by Gassianos Bassos, Need- 
ham's edition, Cantab., 1704, 8yo., bound in 
cussia leather by Roger Payne, witib appro- 
priate tooling on the back, representing wheat- 
eheayes, a go^ example of the work of this artist, 
who was a natiye of Windsor Forest, and began 
life as an apprentice to Mr. Pote, the Eton Ix^k- 
«eller. A fine set of most of the Latin poets (dl 
Baskeryilles, 1757-93), in red moroooo by the 
same binder, is noticeable. He died in 1796. 
There are also on these shelyes specimens of the 
excellent work of Walther and Ealthoeber, but 
no one among later English bookbinders is be- 
lieyed to haye sorpassed Roger Payne. 

As we leaye the subdaed light of these time- 
bonoored rooms, and pass oat through the quiet 
cloisters into the Playing Fields, ringing with 
** the yoice of joy and healtl^'' we seem to cross the 
bridge that separates us from the seyenteenth cen- 
tuiy and the early eighteenth, and to realize the 
conditions under which our forefathers then liyed, 
for it is to those periods that the associations of 
the library principally belong. The books they 
wrote and the books they used are unlike our 
own in form, in style, and in matter. The eru- 
dition they amassed was often uncritical But 
their literature was solid if sometimes ponderous; 
it was inspired by a genuine enthusiasm for learn- 
ing if it was occasionally too deferential to past 
authority. The stillness of those yenerable 
writers, whose tomes are seldom disturbed from 
their repose, is indeed pathetia And yet they 
haye borne fruit in the works of nfany who haye 
entered into their labours, and we may trust that 
Ihey will continue to bear fruit in days that are 
yet £ar distant. For it is stiU true tliat out of 
** olde bokes " comes much, if not " all this soyenoe 
that men leare." Without yenturinff to forecast 
the future of this library — the product of cen- 
turies, and the result (as is the case with almost 
all such old libraries) less of constant purchase 
than of the particular collections formed at different 
periods by former members and loyers of the 
CoU^^e — we may express a hope that so rich an 
inheritance of the past will be most carefully and 
reyerentially guarded, improyed, and utilised. 
It may indnde many now superseded editions of 
the classics, and many an old treatise the light of 
which has long since paled before the lustre of 
modem science. But eyen these are not without 

their yalue. And mrt from this there will 
always be the demand for costly books of refer- 
ence, and there is here in the ooUection of theolo- 
gical and political tracts a mine for research not 
yet) perhaps, fully worked out In tiie aboye 
sketch we do not profess to haye passed in reyiew 
all or nearly all the subjects of interest to be 
found upon these shelyes. SbioQffh, howeyer, will 
haye been said to show that for we bibliographer 
in general, and for the student of certain special 
walks in literature, there is spread a choice and 
yaried entertainment 

Frakcis St. John Thackeray. 
Eton OoUege. 

P.S.— I haye to-day (July 23) had my attention 
drawn to the New Shakspere Society, Series III., 
OnginaU and Analogues, Part L, in tiie intro- 
duction to which, p. ix, there is an account of the 
Italian poem on Borneo and JuU^ (ante, p. 62), of 
whioh I was not preyiously aware. I must apo- 
logize for oyerloolong one or two misprints in my 
last paper. Ante,v, 61, coL 1, line 8 from' com- 
mencement, for '* Separation" read Biparation; 
coL 2, line 35, for ''Giemsalemme" read Geru- 
salemme. P. 62, col. 1, line 23, for ** Hekatomithi " 
read EekaUmmiihi; line 34, for '^Fidelissimi" 
read FedeUssimi; line 36, for ''sua" read tuo; 
line 44, for ''rime di diyersi'' read rime diverH. 



yil. JAKIS — 2 PBTSF. 

At James i. 1 the epistle is addressed to 
" the twelye tribes which are of the Dispersion," 
€v Tjg Bia(rn'opft and the same translation is kept 
at St John yil 35, 1 Peter L 1. At yer. 6 icXvScov 
is more graphically rendered " the surge," instead 
of " a waye." In yer, 17 the translation " neither 
shadow that is cast by turning" is not a terse 
expression for rpowYJs aTroa-Ktaa-fia, The Genevan 
yersion is " neither shadowing by turning," which 
may suggest either "shadow horn turning" or 
" shadow by turning," as more concise than it is in 
the revision. At ver. 23 " mirror," as elsewhere, 
replaces '* glass." In ii 2 there is "synagogue" 
for (Tvvaytoyr), instead of "assembly"; and at 
yy. 18, 26, by the proper translation of x^P^^ ^ 
" apart," the familiar phrase " faith without worlra" 
is removed. With this rendering of x<»(>^$ ^ dis-. 
tinct from av€v the translation of Heb. ix. 28 and 
Bom. viL 8 may be compared. The last clause 
in iv. 5 is made interrogative ; and at yy. 11, 12, 
where vofi6s occurs, it is translated as if it were 
o vS/jLos (see 6^ S. iiL 443). The translation in 
V. 16 is "the supplication of a righteous man 
availeth much in its working." 

In 1 Peter i. 1 Biaavopd is rendered "the 

Dispersion" (see above). In ver. 11 tcIs fierd, 

ravra 86$as is translated "the gloriw^fe* 

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[6»hB.IV. July80/«1. 

Bhonld follow/' which is more exact than '^the 
glory/' as it is in the A.Y. ; in yer. 20 Trpocy vomt- 
^vov, spoken of Christ, is rendered *' foreknown," 
as in Rom. yiii. 29, instead of ** foreordained.'' At 
il 2 aSokov ydXa is rendered " without guile," as 
in the Bhemish version ; at yer. 4 the distinction 
between viro and frapd, which is lost in the A.y., 
is preserved in the prepositions '' of" and ** with," 
but it is not apparent for what reason '' rejected 
of men" is retained in preference to '^ by men"; 
at yer. 7 vj rifirj is "the preciousness" instead of 
" precious." In yer. 9 yevos €kX€kt6v is rendered 
^*an elect race" for'' chosen generation," ''race" 
being the usual substitute. The translation of 
ckAcktos yaries between "elect" and "chosen"; 
it is "chosen" in St Matthew xxii. 14, but in 
St. Matthew xxiy. 22-31 it Jul translated three 
times " elect." Similarly vfuav rrjv kXtutiv Kal 
€K\oyrjVf at 2 Peter i. 10, is "your calling and 
election," but ot fier* avrov, icAi/rol Kat ckXcjcto/, 
in Bey. xyii. 14, is " they that are with him called 
and chosen." In the same chapter (1 Peter ii 9) 
"a peculiar people," which was the translation 
of Ijndale's yersion, is changed to " a people for 
Chd^B own possession," which is a more exact 
representation of Xabs cts irepivoirja-iv ; at yer. 24 
the marginal altematiye for " bare our sins/' as the 
translation of dvnvcyKcv, is "earned up ... to the 
tree," with whicn may be compared CoL iL 14. 
At iii. 6 the "amazement" of the A.y. is changed 
for " whose children ye are, if ye do well and are 
not put in fear by any terror." Tyndale has " and 
be not afraid .of every shadow" which, if not 
exactly literal, is neat and rhythmioaL The 
reyisers seem to take vrorja-is of an external source 
of terror, as in Proy. iii. 25, where it is also joined 
with the same verb; and where the translation 
of the A.y. is " Be not afraid of sudden fear." 
At yer. 21 <rvv€i^rj(r€b}S ayaOrjs €7r€p(0Ti]fia is 
translated " the interrogation of a good conscience 
toward God/' in contradistinction to "the answer" 
in the A.y. The construction resembles the 
€fr€p<oTrj<r€v ct9 €ipvjvrjv in 2 Sam. xL 7, which 
describeiEi David's inquiry after the peace of Joab. 
In v. 3 KaT<iKvpL€vovr€S tQv KAi^pa>v is rendered 
" as lording it over the charge allotted to you"; in 
yer. 10 it is "shall himself perfect, stablish, 
strengthen you." 

In the passage 2 Peter L 5>7 the sense of iv is 
preserved as denoting the sphere or element in 
which the addition to the previously acquired 
virtues is to be made. Inthe A.y. this was lost in 
the translation " to." At ver. 19 it is " we have 
the word of prophecy made more sure." At iL 1 
the rendering of alpco-cis azrcoActas is " destructive 
heresies" instead of " damnable," and that of airco- 
Xeiav is " destruction"; at ver. 13, instead of "their 
own deceivings," dirdrais, as in the A.y., it is 
"their love-feasts," dydwais. In iii. 16, for ras 
Xoiwai ypa<^s^(there is the translation " the other 

scriptures/' as in Cranmer's Bible, but the Bhemish 
yersion has, more correctly, " the rest of the scrip- 
tures." £d. Mabshall, F.S.A. 

I do not think the subject of the article by any 
means settled yet, and it may turn out that Aiture 
generations may disapprove of the insertion of Uie 
article in St. Matt, i 23, and also in Isaiah vii 14^ 
where it is inserted in Spottiswoode's "Bevised 
Translation." In fact, the remark of Gesenius 
that the Hebrews conceived of many things defi- 
nitely which we conceive of indefinitely is capable 
of immense extension, and applies also to the 
Greek. In the passage of Isaiali I believe the fiill 
force of the article to be flo more than "one 
belonging to (he class called young women or 
virgins." Nothing is commoner than this usage. 
Thus Elijah " went forty days and forty nights to 
Horeb, the mount of God, and there he entered 
into a cave." Here the Hebrew has the article 
"the cave," and in Spottiswoode's version it i» 
inserted, needlessly and pedantically as I think, 
for we have no hint that there was one remarkable 
cave there, in a land where caverns are as numerous 
as the nest-holes of sandmartins are here. It i» 
true that the article is often definite, and especially 
when referring to a subject mentioned before; 
but this is not the case here. I may add that our 
old translaiors stand by no means alone in omitting 
the article. It is omitted by Martin Luther, 
thoueh inserted in yan Ess, in the passage oi 
Isaiah. Luther also omits it in St Matt. L 23. It 
is omitted in Brenton's translation of the Septuar 

g'nt and in that published by Bagster with the 
reek and English in parallel columns, the source 
of which is not stated. I am not affirming posi- 
tively my conviction that the article is not 
necesssry, but I think that it will remain for 
some time an open question ; and also that the 
Hebrew and Greek articles need not and cannot 
always be rendered by the, 


Oare Yiearagea 

Is it possible that errors can have already crept 
into the text 1 My copy (brevier, 16mo.) has at 
GaL vi. 10 " the household of the faith," whereas 
Mr. Marshall states (ante^ p. 43) the reading as 
"the household of faith," commenting on the 
absence of the article. 0. S. 

The pedigree of EUzabeth Bodley's children by 
Sir WUliam Tyrrell (6^ S. iii 423) is disfigured 
by an error, which ought to have been oonected 
when I received the proof. I have therefore made 
amends by putting together, on the opposite page, 
all I know about this &mily of Bodley and their 
descendants. Tewars. 

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^B.iY.j„„^,.sj.2 NOTES AND QUERIES. 









irr-: —Us 

islL-^'^ _< 



So :•« .;5 




=^— Is 









- 11: 

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A gentleman has left in my custody a small 
bundle of poems, an address, and letters in the 
handwriting of Bobert Bums. He is anxious to 
know if they have already appeared in print The 
only edition of Bums I have at hand is that of 
AUan Cunningham, Svo. (London, Bohn, 1842). 
Among them is the original of 

*' Testreen I had a pint o' wine." 
It is in the form of a letter addressed to Mr. 
William Stewart, Factor, Closebum Castle. For 
" Postscript," as giyen by Cunningham, the original 
has, ''An additional stanza for Mr. S.** There 
is also a different reading of lines 3^ 5, and 6 of 
verse 3 : — 

"Ilk little twinkler hide thy ray 

When I 'm to meet my Auna. 
Come night, come kind concealing night, 
Sun, moon, or stars that saw na." 

I may add that this last Terse is in a different 
hand ; the rest is doubtless Bums's. On the back 
of the sheet is the following : — 

" A New Song— From an Old Story. 
" Tunc—* Wat ye wha I met yestreen.' 
*' The night it was a haly night 
The day had been a haly day 
The winnocks* gleam*d wi' candle-light. 
When Gizzie hameward took her way; 
A ?looghman lad, ill may he thriTe. 

And never haly meeting see 
Wi' godly Qizzie met belyye 
Amang the Oraigie hills sae hie," &c. 

** A new song, called * My bonny wee bit spoonikie.' 

* To the tune, ' There was a wee wifeikle.' 

" My bonny wee bit spoonikie 

Thou soother o' my care. 

When iillin out my drapakie, 

O' Toddy made sae 'Rare 
1 11 wi' a wee bit tunikie 
Oie a* the praise I can. 
To canty making spoonikie 
O' mony a glunshin man. 
Sing hey my bonny spoonikie 

And hey my flowin glass 
Wi' you I '11 mind my trusty friend 
And eke my bonnie lass," 

This poem contains eight more verses. The 
following is on a sheet of long letter-paper, 
directed to "Mr. Willm. Stewart, Closebum 

" In honest Bacon's ingle-neuk, 
Here maun I sit and think, 
Sick o' the warld and warld's fock 
And sick d — mnd sick o' drink 1 
I see, I see there is nae help. 

But still doun I maun sink ; 
Till some day, laigh enough I yelp 

Wae worth that cursed driuk. 
Yestreen, alas ! I was sae fu', 
I could but yisk and wink ; 

* KUmamock is written above " the winnocks ' 
another reading. Both are bracketed. , 

And now, this day, sidr, eur I rue, 

The weary, weary jSnnk. 
Satan, I fear thy sooty claws, 
I hate thy bnxmstane stink, 
And ay I curse the luckless cause, 

The wicked soup o* drink — 
In yain I would foreet my woes 

In idle rhyming clink 
For past redemption d— mnd in Prose 

I can do nought but drink — 
To you my trusty, well try'd friend. 

May heaTen still on you blink; 
And may your life flow to the end, 
Sweet as a dry man's drink ! 

"BoBT. Burrs. 
" P.a— In a week I shall be ready with two hones 
to driye time, but I hope to see you on Wednesday. 

"B. B." 

At the end of Holy WiUu^s Prayer, which is in 
Bums's handwriting, is the following explanatory 
note in another hand : — 

"Holly [nc] Willie is I believe Buling Elder in 
Maachlin, the Bey^. Pastor of which parish seeks 
popularity by every means he can. Garin Hamilton is a 
writer in the same town, a jolly sood fellow. The 
Minist'. refused to baptize his child, alledging, he drinks 
and plays too much at cards—Hamilton compluns of 
him to thepresbytary, who reprore him for his conduct 
On Holly Willie's return that night from the presbytary, 
he is by B. Bums supposed to have put up this grayer. 
Willie is an elderly Bachelor, with strong pretensions to 
superior sanctity, but by his neighbours belie?ed a great 

This differs from Cunningham's account, in 
whose index I do not see the following : — 
'* There was an old man, and he had a bad wife. 
Sing fall de dal, &c. 
And she was a plague a' the days o' her life. 
And sing," &c. 

Here follow twenty-seven stanzas. 

There is also an address, of which the following 
is a specimen, and a letter in the handwriting of 
Burns . — 
*' Address. To the Bight Hon^. W. P., Esq., &c 
" Sir,— While pursy Burgesses croud your gates, sweat- 
ing under the weight of heavy addresses, permit us, the 

late D— st— 11— rs, in that part of G B called 

S to approach you, not with venal approbation, but 

with fraternal condolence, not as what you just now are, 
or for some time have been^ut as what m all proba- 
bility you will shortly be. We will haue the merit of 
countenancing our friends in the day of their calamity, 
also you will haue the satisfaction of perusing at least 
one honest Address"— &c. 

This address covers three sides of a sheet of large 
paper, and is signed " John Barleycom^reses." 

The letter is dated from "Ellesland, Wednesday 
Even," addressed to "Mr. William Stewart, Close- 
bum Castle ":— 

"I go for Ayrshire tomorrow, so cannot haue the 
pleasure of meeting you for some time, but anxious for 
your ' spiritual welfare and growth in grace,' I inclose 
you the Plenipo — ^You will see another ; * The Bower of 
bliss.' 'tis the work of a Bev^ Doctor of the church of 
Scotland — Would to Heauen a few more of them would 
turn their fiery zeal that way. There they might spend 
their Holy fury, and show the tree l^ltP^vm^ 1 M 
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»&iv.joiT80t'a] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


There, the in-beariiiflf workingi might giae hopefii] pre- 
Mges of a new-birth I 1 1 ! I 

*< The other two are by the aathor of the Plenipo, but 
' The Doctor ' is not half there, as I haoe mislaid it— I 
haoe no copies left of either, so must haue the precious 
pieces again— I am ever your oblid. hum. serr*., 

'•Bow. BUBIB." 

Ctork. R. 0. 

"David's Slimo against great GJoliah."— I 
have a little manual of deyotion, a description of 
which will, I think^ be of interest to some of 
the readers of ''N. & Q." The title-page is as 
follows : — 

**1593. DaTids Sling against great Goliah : Contein- 
ing diners notable TreattMS, the names whereof folow 
next after the Bpistle to the Beader : ly B. H. Mat. 
28, 41. Waich and praU. Printed by B. Yardley and 
Peter Short. Cum priwUtgio Rtgim Maiettatis.*' 

Small 12mo. pp. zii, 348 ; sigs. A to P in twelres. 
An ornamental border surrounds eyeiy page, that 
around the title being in six compartments. The 
last leaf is blank ; the last but one has an elabo- 
rate printer's device with legend, os homini 
8VBL1UB DXDiT. Abovo this dovico is the date 
1593, and below : ** Imprinted at London by 
Bichard Yardley and Peter Short, for the assignes 
of W. Seres. Vum priuilegio R»giaf MaieitaHs," 

I can find no record of this edition, but that it 
was not the first appears from an entry in the Begis- 
tan of the Stationers' Company (Mr. Arber's Tran- 
seripif voL ii. p. 385) : " Qoarto Die Januarij 
[1581] master Denham Lycenced vnto him vnder 
the wardens handes David hit Slinge,.,-^^/* The 
only authority for the existence of a copy of the 
earlier edition is Maunsell's catalogue. 

By reason of the initials, E. H., the authorship 
of the work has been attributed to Edward Hake, 
an excellent account of whose works by Mr. 
Charles Edmonds is prefixed to the beautiful fac- 
simile reprint of luwe» out of Powla Church- 

Next after the title-page is the dedication 
<' To the Bight Worshipfull Sir George Calneley, 
knight, EUgh Sheriffe of the Countie Palantine of 
Chester," signed " William Baker," who says, " A 
booke it is which a kinsman of mine, not so neere 
as deere vnto mee, at my vrgent request bestowed 
vpon mee in writing for my priuate vse, and 
peculiar exercise"; and who, m a subsequent 
passage, describes it as *' being the firstlings of a 
Cheshire wit, gathered in a &mous seedeplot of 
great learning and profound knowledge." 

''The Epistle to the Beader,'' which follows, 
has the signature '* E. H.," and then, as the title- 
nage indicates, are given ''The Names and 
Number of the Treatises comprised in this booke"; 
these are : — 

*' 1. Danids Sling against Great Goliah. 2. A Sword 
against the feare of death. 8. A battel betweene the 
Dioell and the conscience. 4. The dead mans Schoole. 
5. A lodge for Lanros. 6. A retrait from dnne. 7. A 

pnuer vnto Almightie God, that the vse of this booke 
may be for our profit, made by A. F. " 

C. D. 

M. Sully Prudhohmib. — With permission, I 
will embaJm in " N. & Q." the following lovely 
little poem of M. Sully Prudhomme's, which was 
publisned, I think, in 1875 :— 
Ah I si Tous aayies oomme on plenre 
De Tirre seul et sans foyers, 
Quelquefois devant ma demeure 

Voos passeriez. 
Si Tons saTiez ce que fait naitre 
Dans r&me triste un pur regard, 
Yous regarderies ma fendtre, ' . 

Comme au hasard. 
Si Tons saTies quel baume apporte 
An ccBur laprMenoe d'vn ocenr, 
Tons Tons aasoiriez sous ma*porte, 

Conune nne soanr. 

Si TOUS saTiez que je tous aime, 

Snrtout si tous saTiez comment, 

Tons entreriez peut-£tre mfime 

Tout simplement. 

I venture to think that for simplicity and 
directness, for grace and finish, this is unsurpassed 
by any recent French verse. A. J. M. * 

Prxfacb to a SpiciLsaiiTH OF Notes, Anbo- 
DOTSS, &c. (domb ex tbmporb) : — 
Bight welcome art thou, friend, with busy thumbs 
To rout among this store of scraps and crumbs ; 
Here wilt thou find no poison-painted sweet, 
Nor spiteful wasp that nere has found retreat. 
But Bugar'd oates and homely crusts of bread 
(Hard crusts, maybe, but serring in good stead 
Where ** wholesomes" more than dainty bits are sought). 
And if to my small treasury I 'ts brought 
Some worthless husks as well as pleasant fruit, 
Sure there are tastes that husks and thistles suit ! 
Perchauce some ass, with curious critic's eye. 
The good and sweet and sav'ry passing by. 
Will, while from all the rest be turns his snont^ 
These Tery husks approTingly pick out. 
And should no ass, but OTon I or you. 
Most graTe philosophers, such morsels chew, 
If at our ruminations we but laugh, 
We '11 own there 's good e'en in a bit of chaff. 

Hbnby Attwbll. 
Barnes, Surrey. 

BuRiBD Fonts. — It appears from a report is 
the Leicester Journal ('Tuly 8, 1881) of some re- 
cent works of reparation at Hazlebeach Church, 
Northamptonshire, that when the church was 
restored in 1860 

" there was a Norman font which had been altered into 
the Early English style, and the architect was aniious to 
glTO another font to the church. Mr. Pell, M.P., who 
took an actiTO part in the restoration, rather objected to 
the idea, but the offer was ultimately accepted, and the 
present font, oanred by Mr. Forsyth, was substituted for 
the old one, which it was decided should be buried under 
the church floor. Mr. Pell attended to see this done, and 
while the necessary excavation was being made the work* 
men came upon a Saxon font, which had probably been 
buried by t& ohvachwnd^i^^^^ff^i^f^yQThm 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [«* s. iv. jtct w. a. 

an, thtnfore. now two fonti— « Suon and a Nonnan 
foai— bnriad m tha ohorcb." 

Thomas Nobth, F.S.A. 


—The following will illustrate how cheaphr anti- 
quaries may aometimes rescue ancient MSS. from 
aestruotion. The original deeds of Harleston, near 
Northampton, oyer fifty in number, and of 
Tarious dates between the twelfth and sizteenUi 
oenturieiL were recently sold by auction in London, 
and fetcned 2«. 6<i A few pence more would 
haye placed them beyond *^ waste'' price, and so 
haye sayed them. T. B. 


SoRiPTUBB BxADiva AT Mbalb.— This custom, 
formerly obseryed in our colleges and public 
schools and at bishops' tables, appears to haye 
had its origin in St. Augustine's caution : — 
'* Ke solflB faao«8 samant oibnm, 
Bed et anres ptroipiant Dei Terbam." 
FuUer's Church Bistaty, book li,, ohap. 289. 

William Platt. 
<^llis Court, 8i Peter^g, Isle of Thaoet 

We must request eorrsspondents desiring information 
«n family matters of only private interest, to affix their 
names and addresies to their qneriee» in order that the 
answers may be addresMd to them direct. 

Thb Witb of Admiral Bbnjamik William 
Paob. — I am anxious to ascertain a few particulars 
respecting the wife of Admiral Benjamin William 
Page, who died at Ipswich October 3, 1845, aged 
eighty. There is a long account of the adminl's 
seryices in the OmUman^s Magazine for 1845, 
pt. ii p. 533, but no mention is made of his 
matrimonial alliance. I should also be glad to 
learn in what church he is buried, and to obtain 
such information as his monumental inscription 
may afford. G. Scharf. 

Anoibnt South Africaw Oiyilization.— At 
p. 85 of Aylward's Tramvaal of To-day I read— 
"that in the work of buUdfaiff the fort a shigular faot 
was rerealed, the mound on whioh the fort rested had 
been the burial plaee of some ancient race; the spade 
ererywhere encountered the remains of human bodies, 
while broken pots and urns of ancient earthenware were 
turned up oontinualiy. The remains of old fumaoes, 
and indications that copper mining and other enterprises 
had been carried on at some distant date by a people 
more cirilised than the Eaffin, were frequently met 
with. Some of us were of opinion that the mouth of the 
Steelport Pass bad been at one time the site of a large 
and populous city." 

Li there an^ history or tradition lelatiye to these 
South African settlements? I remember some 
time ago reading a report that columns and their 

cwitils had been found near the seashore, by some 
gold prospectors I think, but the exact site was 
not giyen. Can these haye been Phoenician or 
Egyptian settlements? There was a laige trade 
from the port of Ezion Greber, which might earily 
haye extended down the east coast of Africa^ 
bringing gold, diiunonds, hides, iyory, and other 
natiye productions, to Akaba and Suez, on the 
way to T^ and Egnrpt Burial mounds with 
urns, and the site dt an ancient city, and the 
remains of copper smelting, are tansible fSacts, 
pointing to some much more ciyilized race than 
the present natiyes who at one time inhabited it 
The question is, Who were they? J. B. HAia. 

Thb Bbauchamf PBDiaRBB.— The portrait of 
Queen Anne of Warwick, in Miss Striddand's 
Livu of th€ Qu$eni^ is asserted to be taken from 
^'Beauchamp Pedigree, British Museum." Can 
any one who happens to be acquainted with this 
document kindl^ glye me a correct reference? 
The Museum catalogues haye been hunted through 
in yun, with the kind help of seyeral of the 
officials ; but the result is that the only illustrated 
Bflatiohiwnp pedigree which can be found is Lansd. 
MS. 882, and that does not contain any portrait of 
Anne of Warwick. Gould Miss StricUand haye 
foreseen the loss of time and trouble which she 
would cause to some of her readers by her pain- 
fully yagne method of giying authorities, I yen- 
tnre to think that she would haye made her 
references a shade more precise. 


Did Nbll Gwtnne xysR liyb at 6, Pall 
Mall Place ?— Can any of your readers confirm 
the legend, current among the members of the 
Century Club, that their premises (6, Pall Mall 
Place) were once occupied by Nell Gwynne ? 


Bishop Taylor's "Worthy Communicant."— 
I possess an old edition, bound in the original red 
morocco, gilt, of the Worthy Communicant^ of 
which the title-page runs as follows :— 

" Thb Wobsht : or, a Discourse of the 
Nature. Effects, and Blessings consequent to the Worthy 
ReceiTmg of the Lords Suppbb : And of all the Duties 
Beouired in order to a Worthy Preparation.— Together 
with the Oases of Conicienoe Occurring in the Doty of 
him that Mx%ui4rt, and of him that ComMunieaUt,-^ 
As also Derotiont fitted to sTery part of the Ministra- 
tion.— To which is added a Sermon^ nerer Printed with 
the Polio Yolume of Sermons.— By Jeremy Taylor, D.D. 
and late Lord Bishop of Down and Confwr, London, 
Printed by T, N, for John Martyn, at the Bell in St. 
PauU Church yard, 1674." Pp. 462, 12mo. 

I should like to know if this is the first edition, 
and of any rarity; also to haTC some few par- 
ticulars of the early editions. There is a yeiy 
quaint engrared frontispiece, representing the 
onanoel of a church, with two angels at the altar. 


Digitized by LnOOQlC 

«*s.iy.jOTT80,'8i.] NOTE§ AND QUERIES. 


Ely of Lbigbstbrshibb. — Gan any of your 
teadexB oblke me with information as to the Ely 
ftmily of ^oestenhire ? I desire to learn their 
Christian names and other information oonoeming 
them daring the sixteenth and seventeenth cen- 
toiies. Edwtn A. Elt. 

Laaidngton Rectoxy, Qloneesier. 


TAIH DISHES." — So Writes Mr. Jeaffreson, in his 
Book ahwJt ike TaJbU^ vol. l p. 228. Sorely a horn 
is winded, i.e., filled with wind, not woond up 
like a olock. The only qnestion is, ought the i to 
be long or short, vnndid or ^nded f 

E. Lkaton Blbnkiksopp. 

Makob of East Grbenwioh. — In the original 
charter, under date May 2, 1670, from Charles IL 
to his cousin Prince Bnpert and seyenteen other 
{>ersons of quality and distinction, granting the 
territories and pririleges upon which we Hudson's 
Bay Company took its rise, the lands were to be 
** reckoned and reported as one of our plantations 
or colonies in America, and to be called Bupert's 
land." The company were to be deemed 'Hhe 
true and absolute lords and proi>rietors of the same 
iemtones ; saving always the faith, allegiance, and 
sovereign dominion to us, our heirs, and successors, 
io h$ hMden as of our manor of East Qremwick^ 
in our county of Kent, in uee and common 
soccage," in reroect of certain specified services 
-on certain specified occasions. The point is what 
may be regarded as the true significance of the 
words in italics. Is the manor of '^ East Green- 
wich" still in the hands of the Crown ? Common 
socage, I need hardly add, is the ordinary tenure 
in this country, the exceptions being JBorough 
English, gavelkiud, &c 

Belsixe Park Gardens, N.W. 

"Bewailb" (Spenser, F. Q.y L vl 1).— 
" As when a ship that flyei fayro under sajle, 
An hidden rocke escaped hath unaware!. 
That lay in waite her wrack for to btiffaile," ke. 

Query, what is the meaning of the word hewaUe in 
this passage? Has it anything to do with the 
words toiUf beguiU f or is it connected with Mid. 
EDg. bigalen^ to enchant, a word occurring in 
Layamon's Brut (see Stratmann, s.v,) ? 

A. L. Mathew. 

*' Devil's Drive." — Has this wonderfully clever 
poem ever been set to music 7 If so, where can it 
he seen ? Can one learn anything about its author- 
«hip? It is printed in Southey's works, and a 
floating tradition assigns it to Person. 

a A. Ward. 



AND Argtle Plunkstt. — Can any one tell me 
what has become of the descendants of these three 

sons of M^'or James Plunkett, by his wife Eliza- 
beth Gunning? The eldest married Miss Jane 
Kelly, niece of Lord Glanmorris, and died in 
London, leaving a widow and four children— two 
sons and two daughters. The second son ai 
Major Plunkett married and went to reside in 
France. The third son married Miss Lysaght, of 
CO. Clare or Limerick. They went to Ajnerica, 
where he practised as a doctor, and I believe they 
had a son who was also a physician. Major James 
Plunkett's two daughters, who were twins, also 
went to America, and one of them married. Major 
James Plunkett left Ireland in 1798, being impli- 
cated in the Rebellion, and went to live at Long 
Melford, where I believe he married Miss Gun- 
ning. Constance Bussell. 
Swallowfield Park, Beading. 

"Stark naught.''— South, in his Sermons, 
vol. L p. 441, says :— 

'* And what is Jll-naturs, bat a Pitch beyond original 
Cormption? It ii Corruptio Pestimu And further 
Depravation of that, whioh was Oark naught before." 
Cowper, in Table Talky writes : — 
" Ton told me, I remember, glory, built 
On selfish principles, is shame and guilt ; 
^he deeds that men admire as half divine. 
Stark naught, because corrupt in their design." 
I wish to know whether this collocation formed 
a stock expression, and whether it can be ex- 
emplified from the works of other authors. 



Can any reader tell me whether Hessilhead u still 
in the possession of the Montgomery family, and 
in what county of Scotland it is situated ? Also 
I want any information concerning the parentage 
and descendants of a Capt. Alex. Montgomery, 
the author of some ^ems, who lived about 1600; 
also, OS to the connexion between the Montgomerys 
of Hessilhead and the family of Eglinton or Braid- 
Btane. A. Y. Montgokert. 

Kilmer, BalliTor, Meath. 

[The author of The CKerrie and the Sloe, whom our 
correspondent evidently means, is supposed to have been 
a younger son of Hazelnead, Ayrshire. He died between 
1597 and 1615, according to Anderson's Scottish Jfation,'] 

A " Scavenger's Peruke." — Nature for May 
12 relates that, at a conversanone given to Prof. 
Helmholtz at University College, Mr. Latimer 
Clark exhibited a curious unpublished letter from 
Sir Isaac Newton to Dr. Law, dated London, 
December 15, 1716, in which occurs the passage : — 

" You ask me how, with so much study, I manage to 
retene my health. Ah, my detr doctor, you hare a 
better opinion of your lazy friend tban he hath of him- 
self. MorpheoQS is my best companion ; without 8 or 
9 hours of him yr correspondent is not worth one 
scavenger's peruke." 

It would be interesting to know whether Sir 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [6A8.iv.jiiii8o,'8i. 

Isaac invented this eztraordinary simile, or whether 
it was a carrent proverb in his time. Did sca- 
vengers ever wear perukes of any kind ? or was it 
intended to be as rara an ct/vii as a black swan 
was supposed to be by Juvenal, or a white raven 
by the Greeks t W. T. Lthn. 


TsvNis. — As the etymology of this word is 
declared by a high authority to be unknown, I 
may perhaps be allowed to point out the strong 
analogy between Unnit and ianu, more especially 
in the Teutonic form of tanz. The bounding or 
ricochet motion of the tennis-ball is a dance 
round the enclosure called a tennis-court, and the 
origin of both words may therefore be identical 

A. Hall. 

LooaAN THK Artist.— Where can I find 
materials for a biography of Loflxan, who executed 
the valuable engravings of Wmchester College, 
Eton College, and eveiy college in Oxford and 
Cambridge, in the seventeenth century? His 
prints are most valuable to students of archi- 
tecture and archffioloffy in these days of restoration, 
and they are not wiwout interest as examples of 
English engraving in the seventeenth century. 
It is the greatest pity that his volumes haVe been 
so much dissipated hj printsellers, who offer for 
sale separately the prmts of the several colleges. 
I think complete, unmutilated copies of the entire 
volume must be rare now. E. S. DoDasoN. 

Pitney House, Yeovil. 

William Brown, Artist.— I shall feel obliged 
if any of your readers will kindly give me any 
information respecting William Brown, an artist, 
who lived in iNewcastle-on-Tyne in 1802, was a 
teacher of drawing, and painted a large water- 
colour drawing of the river Tyne, with Newcastle- 
on-Tyne in the distance as seen from St. Anthony's. 
It is said that this drawing was etched by the 
celebrated Thomas Bewick, and pubUahed tinted 
by W. Brown in 1802. F. P. Bamkxs. 


Effkrvescino Drinks.— What are the earliest 
instances on record, either ancient or medieeval, 
of the use of effervescing wines or liquors as a 
beverage at festivals? Sparkling wines are 
scarcely to be recognized in Italian representa- 
tions of banquets or in the fita champHru of the 
French painters. Did our remoter ancestors ever 
think of bottling the sparkling waters of Spa or 
the Bath for after use? The earliest account of 
the practice of treating the waters of Selters 
would be interesting. Sitibns. 

Gloucestershire Dialect : "Nunitt, folkt, 
ORSATT.''--A Gloucestershire girl, talking to a 
friend of mine of a certain young couple, bachelor 
and maid, lately saidi *^ Yon see, miss, they got 

very nunily," — "What's nunityf" asked my 
friend. "Ob, /oZJby, miss."— But what do you 
mean by folhyf" "Oh, gnaty, you know» 
miss." — "Do you mean that they became great 
friends?" " Yes, that 's it." 

Is nuwUy to be taken as a case of the addition 
of n to unity f Surely it cannot be accounted for 
by the preceding miru and an, which are said to 
account for nuneU and newt respectively. 

E. H. H. 
Authors of Quotations Wanted. — 
" Total compoDitur orbis 
Regis ad exemplar : neo tantnm effingere mores 
Homanos edicta valent quam rita regentii." 

(6«»S.iii. 144,297.) 

Many of your readers must recollect the 
account of a Polish lady in the last war of 
independence who in the guise of a man fought 
with great courage for her country and was killed* 
A few years back a discovery of a British woman,, 
made at Bombay, was reported in the Indian. 
papers. I heard that during the Crimean War 
a Kurdish she-chieftain went on jehad with a 
thousand soldiers (males to all appearance), armed 
and equipped at her own cost, whom she paraded ttx 
front of the War Office at Constantinople like any 
commander of the sterner sex. I do not remember 
reading of this contingent in any of the Europeaii> 
accounts, but should like to know more of it. 

I had once in my possession a small^book, L%ve$^ 
of British Piratei^ which contains an* account of 
one of these sea robbers— Mary Read, I believe, by 
name — which fSuoinated my boyish imagination. 
No matter if the poor girl was a robber, she must 
have been a woman of extraordinary capacity,, 
however strange her destiny. And what right 
have we to be prudish who make so much of the 
robbers of our own sex by land and water? 
What are our most famous kings and warriors- 
and statesmen, even those of whom a Homer sinss 
or a Carlyle or a Hariitt proses, but pirates allt 
Mary Bead herself may yet be a heroine if a 
favourite of the muse of song or of history chances- 
to take up her story. I thought her name must 
be fanuliar at home, but I nowhere else read or 
heard of her. And now I see that your corre- 
spondent A. J. M., writing of '' female soldiers and 
sailors," ignores her altogether. Such is fame ! or 
notoriety, which ui another word for it. When a 
woman who turns pirate and organises expedition* 
on the high seas may be so quietly forgotten 
within a few years or decades, there is littlo 
chance, in the long run, even for a Nihilist. 

Perhaps you white men have no stomach for 
coloured heroines, or else we in the east could fur- 




nish you viih any namben of Amazons indeed. 
One of (hem yon mleht remember as haying giren 
yoa some anxiety, Lachmi Bai, the Rani of that 
Jhansi which Lord Dalhonsie pirated for you* I 
do not name the Begum Hazrat Mahal, vho had 
only the Tices of her sex without the courage or 
capacity which so man^ of her sex in India hare 
displayed. The Ram Chunda of Lahore was 
made of sterner stuff, who would not recognize the 
minister elect of the British Resident and man- 
aged to escape from confinement, and finiJly turned 
np in Nepal. There are scores of such and 
superior heroines in our histoiy. Here in the ex- 
treme east of Her Majesty's Indian possessions, in 
the native state of independent (or, as your officials 
would like to call it. Hill) Tipperah— one of the 
oldest kingdoms in the world, which has an era, 
and of course a history, of its own — there has been 
an Elizabeth who, after her husband had been 
paralyzed by disaster and fear, harangued the 
troops, shamed the generals, and led them to yio- 
tory and routed the enemy. 

Nor is the phenomenon confined to the 
rajal or princely caste. The mother of the 
late Rina Kalinarayan Roy, Lord of Bhowal (one 
of Lord Northbrook's creations), Siddheswari, for 
years maintained her son's iziheritance against 
the ^preatest European filibuster in the land, 
organized large bands of fighting men, fought 
battles equal to the skirmishes of states (the 
killed and wounded often numbering above a 
hundred), and finally compelled the enemy to 

S'tc up his pretensions and sue for peace. This 
uropean planter, who, landing in India with 
only a soiled hat, left it a miflionaire, had for 
commander of his native retainers a famous 
Bikrampore brave, a Mussulman, who, after the 
manner of the Abjssinian Theodore towards our 
Queen, had the unpardonable insolence to offer to 
nurry Siddheswari when her husband died. The 
mockexy of a bereaved lady involved in such a 
proposal you will all understand. But, accustomed 
as yon are to women mourning for their third or 
fourth husband and yet prepared to marry again, 
to old dowagers with a host of descendants still 
inclined to matrimony, you will hardly realize the 
deep disgrace of such a suggestion in respect of a 
Hindoo lady, who, by her religion and the custom 
of ber oountjy, can have but one lord, here or 
heieafler. Siddheswari Dabi felt the sting of the 
ivpioach, but instead of crying over it and pray- 
uig to hear three hundred and thirty millions of gods 
n>r redress, as the typical lady, black or white, 
ought do, she vowed vengeance. Her outraged 
hononr required signal chastisement ; nothing short 
of Uiehead of Panju,the Mohammedan bully, would 
*^i4r it So she assembled her faithful people, 
ttd as their ''mother" oommiuioned them to 
DOQg her the fellow's head. The word was passed 
•W the news fl^w throughout the country. Panjn 

recoffnized his danger, but the brave rascal wa» 
equu to the occasion. His fellow countryman and 
contemporary Doodoo Maah, the famous Ferazi 
leader, had already set an evil example which 
Panjn was not loUi to follow. He would fain 
have seized his haughty enemy and made good 
his boast But Siddheswaii was more than a 
match for him and his master, and all the rest 
of them. She not only repeatedly foiled his . 
unholy endeavour, but, true to her word, at last 
got lus head. And all the wise men of the West, 
officiid and unofficial combined, touched not a hair 
of her head for it This in British Bengal in the 
reign of good Queen Victoria ! 

I believe it is not generally known, though 
understood by the initiated, that many of the 
circus celebrities and vaulting acrobats and rope- 
dancers, who draw such gaping crowds, are really 
male athletes with female names and in female 
costume. Some three vears back we read of the 
death of a star of the hippodrome of the name <tf 
Kelly, who had passed through life under various 
femue oltaisf. I hope some one will collect such 

A. J. M. concludes his note on female soldiers 
and sailors (" N. & Q.,** 6«» S. iiL 144) with a hint 
at American mendacity. There is not much to 
choose, perhaps, between the same race on both 
sides of the ocean. Unrealitv seems to have eaten 
Western life throu{[h. At least for literary and 
historic purposes it is difficult to fix the identity 
of persons in a land in which men and women 
have stage names different from their usual names. 
Sambhu G. Mookbbjsb. 

Indigbnous Trbbs of Britain (6**» S. iiL 468). 
—The late Dr. C. Daubeny, in his Essay on the 
Trees and Shrubs of the Ancients, pp. 21, 22, says : 

" We rnuBt not expect from any author of antiquity 
the same precision as is demanded from moaem 
botanists in such matters. Probably the two lines in 
Virgil's seventh Eclogue, 65, 66,— 

* Frazinus in siWis pulcherrima, Pinus in hortis, 
Populus in fluTiis, Abies in montibns altis,'— 
express the amount of discrimination which the Romans 
exercised in such matters; so that not only the Abies 
pwtinata, but any other resinous tree, with narrow 
pointed leaves, growing in mountainous places, attaining 
to a great height, and serviceable for timber, would 
have been included by them under the name of Abies. 
Thus, when CsBsar {BM, OalL, v. 12), in describing the 
productions of Britain, says, ' Hateries eujusque genens* 
ut in Oallia est, prceter fagum aique oMetem,* he mast 
have alluded to the Scotch fir, the only species of the 
tribe indigenous in this oountir." 

His account, howeyer, of the beech is not yeiy 
clear :— 

" The beech, from its possesnng a kind of acorn, is 
ranked among glandiferous trees, and therefore among 
oaks. It appears to have been indigenous in the moui^ 
tunous parts of ancient Europe, and to have spread 
graduaUy towards the West, for it was not kf own in 
Digitized by VnQOQlc 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [«*b.iv.jiiw80,8i. 

Holland, nor probably in EDglaad or Ireland at the time 
of the Norman Conquest. It was not the ^tiyd^ of 
Theophrastos fwhich, indeed, ii a eort of oak, Maiiynon 
Yirg., EcL i. IT who speaks of our oak under the name 
of *0tvfi, but it was the fagui of Pliny, whose descrip- 
tion both of its leares and fruit agrees sufficiently well 
with our beech, and entirely differs from that given of 
the oak genus, *Faci glans nuclei similis, trianguU 
«nte includitur. Foiiom tenue ac leyissimum populo 
rimUe/ Plin. x. 5, 6." 

How IB the professor's remark, that the beech 
was probably unknown in England at the Con- 
quest, to be reconciled with his interpretation of 
tne passage of Geesary'and the fact that the 
county of Buckingham was so named in Saxon 
times fimm the number and size of its beech trees 1 
See Leetura on the Science of Language^ by Max 
Miiller, Second Series, pp. 216, 222-35, with the 
extracts from Sir C. Lyell's Antiquity of Man. 

W. E. Buckley. 

The Abies is not the Scotch fir, but the spruce. 
The Romans distinguLshed between the spruce 
(Abies) and the pine (Pinus); and the distinction 
is equally well marked in modem Italian, abete 
and mno. The spruce was not indigenous to the 
south of Britain, though abounding in the moun- 
tainous parts of Gaul. Fagus is unquestionably 
the beech. The late Mr. Herman Meriyale, in an 
excellent article in the Edinburgh Beview, proved 
that though the chestnut had been introduced 
into Italy in classic times, it had not then dis- 
placed the beech, as at present ; and that remains 
of the old beech forests are still found in the 
Basilicata. The chestnut, rate in Italy in Caesar's 
time, had not made its way into Gaul. The uses 
to which the fagus was applied prove it to be the 
beech, for there are many instances in Virgil and 
elsewhere of its being turned into cups and bowls, 
for which it is admirably adapted, whereas the 
chestnut is of too coarse a grain. Though the 
beech was common to Gaul and Britain, there is 
good reason to believe that it did not exist in the 
Wealds of Kent and Surrey, where the timber 
was principally oak. I believe Ctesar meant " the 
timber of Britain ia the same as that of Gaul, with 
the exception of the beech and the spruce." 

J. Carrice Moore. 

The facts that an undoubted beech nut has 
been found in the submerged forest of Torbay, 
that the same forest has yielded an unmistakable 
molar tooth of the mammoth, and that there are 
good reasons for believing that the submergence 
of the forest was an accomplished fact before the 
Christian era, appear to show beyond doubt that 
the beech tree is indigenous in this country. 

Wic Pengillt. 


I have always understood, and the handbooks 
of botany I have at command bear me out in this 
view, that Abies is the white or silver fir {Finw 

o&iei, Dur., Ahiei alha^ MilL), and Pinos {Pinut 
tUvatrU, L.) the Scotch fir. 

Charles A. Fedsrse. 

This passage of Gtesar {B, G^., v. 12) was com- 
mented on by the late Prof. Bolleston, in an 
appendix '* Of the Prehistoric Flora of this Coun- 
try in the Neolithic Period," at the end of Green- 
well's Britieh Barrowi, 1877, p. 722. 

W. 0. B. 

Place-names ov England: a Digtionart 
(e^ S. i. 433 ; iL 50, 90, 192, 376).— I have com- 
menced a collection of Sussex place-names, and in 
about seven months have indexed over 6,000 
spellings. I wish now to offer a few suggestions 
as to the work, based on my experience. 

The best plan seems to me for two, three, or 
more persons to undertake a county, and decide 
amongst themselves which books and manuscripts 
each is to examine. This will no doubt involve 
a duplication of many spellings, but wiU save 
time m the end. The first step is to obtain from 
some history, or directory, a list of parishes, 
ty things, manors, hundreds, dtc, and then in a 
quarto memorandum book open an account for 
each name. The book should next be carefully 
indexed, and when fresh spellings are found they 
should be posted (as in book-keepinff) to the right 
account. As there will be some litlJe difficultv at 
first in identifying many of the names, it will be 
well to enter in each- account what old roellings 
(or references to documents, &c) are identified 
with the name by previous historians. Authorities 
should be carefully noted by abbreviations, and it 
will be safer in doubtful cases to note the book 
which identifies particular spellings with the name 
in question. To illustrate, — in Sussex, Chailey 
appears as Chaggele, Jevington as GynvntoUi 
^ewtimber as Smytebery, Isfield as Sifelle, &o. 
Now without some due, obtained as I have indi- 
cated, much time would be lost. Names which 
cannot be identified should be entered in a sus- 
pense account, and then from time to time 
examined as fresh experience is gained, and posted 
if Dossible. 

Manuscript collections for county histories (such 
as Sir W, Burrell's coUections for Sussex) wUl 
afford a great assistance. The books to be 
examined include all the Public Beoord Series 
(The Taxation of Pope Nicholas^ Nonarum In- 
quititiones. Valor ^cdesiasticui, Calendars of 
Charters, Inquisitions Post Mortem, &&, Calen- 
dars of State rapers), Camden, Speed, HoUnshcML 
Dngdale, Rymer, &c Many varied spellings will 
be found in Ecton's Hieeaurui, Old maps jield 
many additional spellings. The Lay Subsidies in 
the Public Becord Office will supply many 

I think it may be well to note all the deriva- 

Digitized by LnOOQ IC 

cifcs.iv.jirw 80, '81.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


tiona which hare been soggested hj local his- 
torianfly but on publication of the dictionary these 
deriTations should be placed in a separate alpha- 
betical list. It will be found that yery many 
euggested deriyations are based on modem 
ap^iogs, and are utterly erroneous. 

I am not dear as to the best mode of arranging 
the spellings for printing, and should like the 
«ubject discussed. .The spellings can be placed 
(1) in order of date, or (2) showing syllabic varia- 
tion. Thus we find Hamptonette, 3 Edward IIL, 
shortened to Hamptnet in 1815, and Hampnet 
sow. The objection to the first arrangement is that 
the dates of yarious spellings cannot always be 
ascertained, and old forms often recur at later 
periods, and therefore the syllabic arrangement 
«eems to me preferable. This mode would enable 
an average spelling to be obtained at a glance, and 
thus instead of assigning a derivation on a single 
spelling the average form would be taken, dates, 
however, being annexed as far as possible. Some 
mere misprints will, no doubt, get catalogued, but 
the collector will be safer in not discarding any 
spellings, as the average will counterbalance any 
mistake. The syllabic arrangement is illustrated 
hj the following lists (two of the most charac- 
teristic I can find), in which I give the dates 
approximately and authorities also in case of 
standard books of reference : — 

Ardxngly (a paritk), 
fly 1645 
lye Rowe*i MS. {Ump. Jao. I.) 
ley Ecton, Thesaurus, 1754 edit, 
leg 88 Hen. III. 
legh 11 Hen. IV. 

BarreU MSS. (Add. 5688. p. 98) 


11 Hen. 17. 

84 Eliz. 

3 Jac. I. 

Valor EecUsiasticus 

Vol, £ecl. 
JN^onarum Inquis. 

4 Hen. VI. 
Hen. VI. 

Barrel! MSS. (Add. 5688, p. 28) 
Taxation of Pope Nicholas 

The suggested derivation is from British arden, 
forest, and Saxon ley, pasture (Burrell MSS. Add. 
5683, p. 28). This seems open to question. 
Southease (a parish near Lewes). 
f eas 2 Eliz. 
es Burrell (Add. M9. 5684, p. 275) 
eea 1651 
I eee Non, Inq, 
leeso 1624 
Ues 1646 















I use 

Sonesie . 



Tax. P. yich. 



Hortfield, Sist. Smtx, 1 196 



Chart. Edgar., Dugdale, Mon., i. 211a 



1 Bio. II. 

1576, Lea Map 

Chart. Edred., Dugdale, Mon. 1 209b 

In this case Mr. Elliot suggests (Burrell MSS. 
Add. 6684, p. 275) tiie derivation as from British 
su, south, and we, ue, or oie, water. The adjacent 
river is called the Ouse. 

The tendency has heen to simplify and shorten 
many names, and the attempts of ignorant scribes 
to reproduce names phonetically are most amusingi 
and afford dues to their correct pronunciation. 
Fkkdkblick E. Sawtkr. 


Dotterel : Doterel (6*^ S. iv. 49).— In my 
dictionary I give two references for dotterel or 
doterel. In one of these, Drayton's FolyoUnon^ 
song 25, it occurs as dotterd; in the other, the 
Fromptorium Partrnfofttw, it is dotrelU. The 
true form was once doterel, formed with a double 
suffix (as in codb-ere?, picib-ereQ from the verb to 
dote; the sense is dotard, silly. Why we are told 
that fagot is a " new form " I do not know. Oot- 
grave has " Fagot, a fagot'' It is surely better 
to find facts Uian invent them. The rule is 
extremely simple. Few English words were 
originally spelt with double letters, but they now 
abound, being inserted whenever the vowel is 
thought to be short. Thus, where Chaucer has 
manere, matere, and the like, we now have 
manner and matter. The second t has been in- 
serted in dotterel merely because the o has been 
shortened by many people. 

Walter W. Skeat. 

The Abbey of Peterborough and the 
Peiort of Spalding (6"» S. ul 469).-Haut- 
BARGE may see a list of " the principal authorities 
for the history of Peterborough Cathedral" at 
p. 227 of PeUrhorough Cathedral: a Qemral, 
Architectural, and Monastic History, by Thomas 
Craddock, Peterborough, 1864. This is a much 
later work than Dean Gunton's, Copies were sold 
not long since by G. C. Caster, in the Market- 
phce, at lOs. 6d. with pbtes, and 2s. Bd. without 
them. At p. 224 there is an extract from Wil- 
kins's Chnc, vol iv. p. 581, of Bishop Laud's 
" Orders" in 1635. So slight an account is given 
by Hautbarge of the well-known authorities that 
I venture to ask whether Dugdale's Monasticon^ 
voL L (new edition), Nasmyth's Tanner's NotiHa 
Monastica, 1787, B. Willises Hist. ofCMrah, 

Digitized by VnOOV? Ic 


NOTES AND QUERIES. itf^s.iv.joLiso.Tji. 

Yol. iiL, and Sparke's Eisi, AngL ScripU, Var.y 
foL, 1727, have been consalted. T. Ciaddock 
was the master of a school in Peterborongh. 

An original MS. cartulary of the priory of 
Spalding was offered to me a few years ago. It 
was afterwards sold by auction, I think by 
Messrs. Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, and I have 
heard that it was bought for the British Museum. 
It was a thick folio in excellent preservation. It 
had been lost in the library of a barrister for many 
years, and was given to his derk, whose son offered 
it for sale. Ests. 


"The Evil Onb" (6«» S. iii. 469).— Pope 
Adrian's authorized original was the Vulgate, 
which (Matt vL 13) has : " £t ne nos inducas in 
tentationem: sed libera nos a maW The pre- 
vious clause as well as the rest of the prayer for- 
bid our accepting mah as an ablative masculine, 
i. e., as " the Evu One," nor was it in those ages 
ever, I believe, so taken. Besides, '^the fowle 
iking** \a not in English synonymous with "the 
EvUOne." Br. Nicholson. 

I do not think that the words '< the foul thing*' 
in the version of the Lord's Prayer quoted by Mr. 
Bulk are in any way equivalent to "the Evil 
One." In fact, the words seem to me to definitely 
convey the impression that the translator thought 
the word which he translated was of the neuter 
gender, and had no personality in it. Does not 
the expression merely mean that which is foul, 
just as we have in the case of Achan (Joshua 
vii. 11, &c.) "the accursed thing," that which is 
accursed ? At all events, this appears to be the 
interpretation of The Lay Folk's Man Book 
(E.E.T.S., 1879), in which the B text has (p. 46) : 
^ And lede yb in no foundynge, 
Bot Bhild YS fro al wicked pinge." 

The E text is also similar. 



Manzowi's "Promessi Sposi"(6"»S.iii. 467). 
— If SiONOR Galindo will refer to Manzoni's essay, 
'* Sulla Lingua Italiana," page 559 of Oper$ Varie 
di AUisandro Manzoni^ Milano, Fratelli Bechie- 
dei, 1870, he will find that the celebrated Lombard 
writer held very decided views on the subject of 
the unification, as then contemplated, of the 
Italian language by the process of amalgamating 
the various dialects spoken in different parts of 
the peninsula. Manzoni adduces unanswerable 
arguments for the contrary course of adopting the 
Tuscan idiom as it is, and of absolutely rejecting 
all the other Italian dialects. So enthusiastic was 
he in carrying on his crusade on behalf of the 
Tuscan idiom, that he set himself to the task of 
entirely rewriting his celebrated work J Fromeiii 

S^90tif which had been twenty-five yean before 
the public, in that idiom, pitilessly expun^g 
every word or mode of expression which might 
betray a Lombard authorship. The result is a 
work written in highly classical Tuscan, certainly, 
but none except purist grammarians will applaud 
the transformation. Charles A. Fedsrer. 

Manzoni, for the purpose of creating a truly 
national language, tried in the later editions of the 
Fromesii Spoti to adapt his style more and more 
to the i)ure and generally adopted language of the 
Florentine or Tuscan dialect. As a native of 
Milan he sought, therefore, to avoid, as &r as 
possible, all words and expressions peculiar to the 
Milanese dialect. Wherever he speaks as author 
in his narrative he has replaced them by Tuscan 
words. On the other hand, wherever the author 
introduces the people of Milan they retain the 
popular language of their dialect. Thus the 
Milanese people, it has been fitly remarked, can 
always hear their own dialect out of the Tuscan 
language of the poet Vide Sauer's Manzoni, «ins 
Studie, Prag, 1871, p. 69, and the last edition of 
the Fromesii Spoii, oy Folli and Bonghi, 2 vols. 
Milano, 1876-79, where the texts of the two 
different editions of 1825 and 1840 are confronted. 

H. Erebs. 


A Book of Epitaphs (6* S. iii. 449).— W. O. P. 
says he is *' compiling a book of curious and absurd 
epitaphs." If his object is merely to write a funny 
book, of course droll epitaphs are to be found by 
the hundred, and their manufacture is still going 
steadily on. But he would render a real service 
to the public if he would endeavour to authenticate 
some of the curious epitaphs already in prints and 
not admit into his collection any new ones except 
with a clear certificate of origin. The epitaph has 
succeeded the a-KoXaoTiKos ris of antiauity, and 
the Irishman of our youth, upon whom ail the odd 
sajings used to be fathered ; and it competes with 
the made-up answers of school children as a con- 
venient peg for country clergymen to hang a droU 
story upon. 

Two or three years ago a volume was published 
on this subject which swarms with sham epitaphs 
— real *' old Joes." Mock title-pages of books that 
never were printed, mock quotations, and mock 
epitaphs are among the nuisances of literature. 


** Owen Moore,'' &c. This couplet, not as an 
epitaph, may be found at p. 229 of The Jeet Book, 
by Mark Lemon, Macmillan, 1864. 

William Platt. 

115, PiccadUly. 

Place-Naues (6** S. iii. 469).— Moonspen is 
probably aware that the terminations -houee, 

Digitized b* 

•> 8. IT. July 8a "SI.] 



-^vUUf "Hwrpef and -by mean an inhabited place or 
Tillage ; the Oun jb probably derived from the 
name of some persons. In a MS. I hare recently 
been stud^g mention is made of land in North 
Idnoolnshire belonging to Boger, the son of 
Qnnne. On p. 157 of .the transktion of the Saxon 
ChwnieU by Bev. J. Ingram mention is made of 
Tbored, son of Ganner, and on p. 467 we find 
that Gunner is preserved in Ganby. Thored, son 
of Gunner, lived in the year 966 ; Roger, son 
of Gnnne, about the year 1280. The two names 
Gunne and Gunner are probably the same, so 
that the places Moonspsn mentions derive their 
names from the fact that they were inhabited 
localities in some way specially connected with a 
person of the name of Gunne(r}. HAUTBAnaB. 

The origin of " Gun " in place-names has been 
thns accounted for : — 

" Gim, Daniih, from Gtnma, the name of a chief, and 
still, contracted into Gunn, a oommon Bumama in the 
Norse part of Scotland. Ezamplei: 14 places, all 
in Danish England; Gan- fleet, Gunna's harbour: Gaa- 
thorp, Ganna's farm; Ganna'a-by, now Ganby, 
Gimna's abode. Dio Cassias (Ixvii. 5) mentions a pro- 
phetess named Ganna among the Germans, worshipped 
temp. Domitian/'— F. Edmands, Traeet qfSittary in the 
Nama of Places, p. 218^ Lond., 1872. 

Eo. Marshall. 

Does not our word king arise from the Teutonic 
^ning, which the Danes reduced to hong from 
the first syllable gun or gyn, the meaning of the 
word being valiant f D. G. 0. E. 

We have also GunviUe-Tarrant, co. Dorset; 
Gnntborpe, co. Nottingham ; Gnnthwaite and 
Gunby, co. York ; Gunton in Suffolk and Nor- 
folk; and Gunwallow in Cornwall. In Celtic 
names gun or gunn is from the Cornish gun (var. 
gUn, gen, goon, gum, tcSn, woon), a down or com- 
mon ; but in most of the names given it is pro- 
bably from an owner, Gun, Gunn, or Gund. 
Gunville-Tarrant (in the county history Tarent 
GnnvJll) appears to have derived its name from 
the family of De Gundeviles ; the Nottingham 
Gnntborpe is found written Oulneihorp and Sune- 
ihttfp ; and the Norfolk Gunthorpe, Quneihorp. 
But conf. A.-S. geond, geonda, ultra; and the 
Darmstadt river-name Gund. 


•* Walking width and stridino sidth" (G*** 
S. ilL 470). — Whether this phrase is still in com- 
mon nse I cannot say, but it is clearly an ampli- 
fication of the phrase " wide and side," t. «. wide 
and long, which is so common in Anglo-Saxon 
poetry. See examples, i,v. "Sid," in Grein's 
Glossary, ii 442. Width refers to the breadth of 
the garment from side to side ; sidih to the length 
of it. A side garment in Middle English com- 
monly meant one that trailed on the ground 
because 9ver-long. Walter W. Skkat. 

Portrait of John Buntan (6*^^ S. iiL 489). — 
This portrait was enslaved by Inigo Spilsbnry 
(not Spilsburg), an English engraver and printr* 
seller, who resided in London about the year 1760. 
We have by him a great number of portraits, or, 
as Stnitt says, ''he scraped a great number of 
small plates and portraits from Sir J. Revnolds 
and other painters in mezzotinto." Neither he 
nor Bryan mentions this portrait of Bunyan, so 
that it would seem to have nothing remarkable 
about it; but it is recorded in Bromley's Cakt" 
logue of British Portraits. John Bunyan's por- 
trait is prefixed to divers of his works issued in 
his lifetime. He is represented asleep and dream- 
ing in the frontispiece to the PilgrvnCs Progress, 
third edit., in 1679, an engraving by B. W[hite], 
which was not in tiie first or second edition; and 
in the frontispiece to A Discourse uvon Ihe 
Pharisee and Publican, 1685, beneath the view 
of the Temple, and filling the lower half of ihe 

Slate, there is his portrait in a circle, *^ vera effigies 
ohanis Bvnyan jEtatis svse 57," in small capitals, 
without engraver's name, but having at foot, 
"Printed for Jn® Harris at y* Harrow in y* 
Poultry.** In the Huth Catalogue, p. 240, Mr. 
Ellis notes of the Pilgrim's Progress, fifth edit, 
1682, " It appears probable that this is a counter- 
feit, as the type is different, and the portrait varies 
from that found in the sixth edit, 1681, and the 
ninth, 1683." He notes also that The Holy War, 
printed first in 1682, has a portrait It seems that 
the earliest known portrait of Bunyan is that by 
R. White in 1679, whose drawing from the lite 
is in' the British Museum, and engraved in Offer's 
edition of the works, 1854. W. £. Buoelbt. 

Elliott or Montoomkrt ? (6*"» S. iiL 488.)—- 
The stanza in question appeared before 1852, in 
the poem as printed in the NaiuraXisitf Poeiical 
Companion, a volume of selections by Bev. E. 
Wilson. M.A., F.L.S., p. 268, second edit, Leeds, 

1846 (I^ond., HainUton & Co.). 

Ed. Marshall. 

John Wsslbt and the Bsal Prbsbnoi^ 
(6^ S. iii. 489).— Your correspondent will, I think, 
find his query answered in the Eucharistic 
Manuals of the Wesleys (Bull & Co., 1871) ; John 
Wesky in Company vnth High ChurchwMh, by an 
Old Methodist (Church Press Company, Burleigh 
Street Strand, 1869) ; and John Wuuifs Placetn 
Church History, by Mr. Urlin, of the Middle 
Temple (Bivingtons, 1870). With regard to Wesley, 
it may not perhaps be generally known that, in the 
inscription on the original tablet to his memory 
in the chapel, he is said to have been ''the 
patron and friend of the lay preachers" (Southej^ 
li. 546, third ed.). I was not aware until I read 
the excellent litde work by Mr. Urlin that, some 
thirty or forty years after its erection, the original 
tablet, containing the obnoxious word ^'"^ ^ 
Digitized by ^ ^ 


NOTES AND QUERIES. n-s.iv.juw so. -si. 

haye quoted, had been remoyed and the amended 
yendon on the new tablet Bubstituted. 


Albiui Family (6** S.iii.489).— Has B.H. 0. P. 
read Mr. Planch^*s The Conqturcr and hU Cbm- 
fanwM ? He will there, I think, obtain much 
information with regard to the fonnders of this 
family, and find references to authorities on the 
subject of pedigree. By the way, an amiable, 
talented lady contributor to *' N. & Q.** tells me 
that the real parentage has been discoymd of 
** Gundreda," the supposed daughter of the Gon- 

?ueror, and one of the chief " duucacters " in Mr. 
^lanch^'s book. When is the disooyeiy to be made 
public? TiBi. 

" OSTENT "==A DiVIfllON OF TiMB (6** S. iiL 
490X— Conf. Dufresne under *^ Ostentum,'' " pars 
hox» minima/' quoting Hrabanus in Compute^ 
cap. 12. B. S. Charnock. 

lA, ▲delphi Terrace. 

Thb Oxfordshire ELBorioir of 1754 (6^ S. 
iy. 4). — In extension of the list of pamphlets men- 
tioned by Mr. Sollt, I send the titles of two more 
which I hayjB collected : — 

" An Address to the Freeholders of the Gonntj of 
Oxford on the Subject of the Present Election." 8to. 
pp. 19, Lond., 1753. 

** The New Interest T>\sp\»,fd ; or, A Second Dialogue 
between a Curate and a Cobler. Addreis'd to the Free- 
holders of Oxfordshire." 8ro. pp. 22, Lond., 1758. 

At the end of this pamphlet is a list of fiye others 
*' just published" m octayo, including, besides 
those mentioned here and ante, p. 4, the follow- 

** The Old Intereet BispUy'd : A DiAlogue between an 
Alderman and a Cobler. Addrei8*d to the Freeholders 
of Oxfordehire." 

** A Letter to the Printer ; with a Letter to the Free- 
holders of Oxfordshire. Containinir some few Candid 
Bemarks on a New Pamphlet, intitled, An Address to 
the Freeholders of the County of Oxford." 

There is also in the OentUman'i Magazine for 
Auffust, 1755, a short article of four pages on this 
oeleorated election. Being a great-great-grandson, 
maternally, of Sir Edward !^imer, Bart., one ot 
the successful candidates, I am interested in col- 
lecting idl I can relating to the aboye, and I shall 
be ghid to hear of any fuiditions to this list. 

Tilsworth, Leighton Boziard. 

Applk-Scoops (&^ S. iy. 7).— These imple- 
ments are certainly as old as the time of Charles I., 
for one in my possession, made of wood, is dated 
1636. It is ornamented with fleuxs-de-lis. 

A. H. 

"Foxed" plates iir Books (6*"» S. iy. 49).— 
TiHT Tim is welcome to my experience as that of 
a book collector of forty yean. Mr. A. Lang's 

deprecation in The Ltbrary (MacmiUan & Co., 
1881), to which he refers, is far from being the 
onl^ disputable passage in that booklet. My 
belief is that a first-class bookbinder would 
remoye the tissue paper from the plates and insert 
proyisional slips of another material to preyent a 
set-off. These slips are, of course, remoyed when 
the binding is finished. Tissue-paper harbours 
damp, and in a damp room will sssuredly help to 
fox the plates which they face. I haye had a 
melancholy experience of such mischief, as well as 
of set-off in all its forms. Most bookbinders take 
no means to preyent the latter, and I haye in 
consequence had books, some printed in England 
and some in France, completely spoiled by the 
binder's press. 0. M. L 

AthensDom dub. 

Dice (6"» S. iii. 468).— The Bey. T. Wilson, in 
his ArehiBologieal Dtetumary, published in 1782, 
and dedicatea to Dr. Johnson, says this, s.v., — 

" Venuit a name spTen by the Romans to the highest 
throw with the Tali or Tesserae. The best oast with 
the Tali was when they presented four different numbers^ 
the best with the Tesser» was three SUa." 

And he says, i.v., — 

" Tali were certain instruments made use of in games 
of hazard, not unlike our dice. They had only four 
ddes, and were conically shaped. Four Tali were made 
use of at a time, and the best throw was when four 
different sides came up. Some authors imagine that the 
different sides were marked with animals, as the dog. the 
TuUure, the basilisk, or with the figure of some goa,«as 
Hercules, Venus ; henoe the best oast was called Y enus^ 
Snd the worst Oanicula or Canis." 

Teuera was the same as our dice. It had six 
sides, and so far differed from the talus. Three 
tesseroe were used in play. The highest cast was 
called Tenus, the lowest Oanis. I am afraid the 
foregoing is not a satisCctcto'ry reply to your corre«. 
spondent's query. Fabdk. Bulb. 

Ashford, Kent 

« Soothbst" iw «Oomub,» 823 (e* S. iiL 248, 
411, 462 ; iy. 66). — ^The examples of apparent 
confusion between t and 1h cited by St. Swithik 
are not infringemmti of Grimm's law, but co^/Sr- 
maiiane of it. Grimm's point is precisely this: 
that whereas t and th are different sounds, one 
dialect will choose one of these, whilst another 
dialect will choose another. I cannot undertake 
to explain this further. Those who really know 
what Grimm's law is will know what I mean; 
those who would rather misunderstand it will 
continue to do so. Walter W. Sebat. 

Campbell ov Oarradalb {6^ S. !▼. 49).— It 
is probable that C. B. would find some informa- 
tion in a book to which Dr. G. W. Marshall refers, 
$,v. ^ Campbell," in his most useful Omeahgis^t 
€hA%dej yiz.. The Houu of Argyll and CoUcieral 
Branches of the Clan CarMMl^ Glasgow, 1871. 

e»S. IT. Jolt 80, '81.] 



There are the following references to the family 
daring the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries 
in the Act, Farl, Scot Campoell of Carradale: 
Dancan ; on his forfeitare his lands, united with 
others into the barony of Muirhall, granted to 
Yisconnt Melfort, 1686, c. 1, VIII. 582; these 
lands annexed to the Crown, c. 17, VIIL 592 ; his 
forfeiture rescinded, 1690, IX. 166 6. Donald, 
CommiBsioner of Supply for Argyll, 1704, XL 147 6. 
I remember the name well in old Kintyre days, 
and thought I had copies of some monumental 
inscriptions to members of the family, but have 
not as yet found any in my Kintyre collection. 
0. H. £. Cabhichaxl. 
New UniTersity a«b. 

Milton Qiterixs: (4) "The trepidation 
TALK*©" (6«^ S. iil 428; ir. 75).— I am much 
obliged to the four well-known and valued corre- 

Sondents of " N. & Q." who have replied to my 
ilton query, but they have not ijemoyed my 
difficulty. I cannot maJce English of " the trepi- 
dation talk'd." 

In reading Paradiu Lod one must always 
remember that the pnoem was dictated by the 
author when he was blind, and that he was often 
dependent upon a chance friend to act as his 
amanuensis. He had no one regularly employed 
as such, and it was impossible for him to correct 
the press as he might hare done in his sighted 
days. When a written passage was read over to 
him by the amanuensis slight verbal errors might 
escape his correction when they were presented 
only to the ear. Can Mb. Jsbram bring forward 
any instance of ''talked" being used as the 
equivalent of " talked about " ? 

Balance, I suppose, is used in the sense of axis, 
the imaginary axis of an imaginary sphere ; trepi- 
dation of this axis or balance being supposed to 
account for certain astronomical variations. 

I was pretty well acquainted with the theory of 
the Ptolemaic sjjrstem ; and had I not been so the 
admirable exposition of Prof. Masson would have 
made it clear to me. But how could the balance 
of a sphere weigh a trepidation ? And how could 
" talked " mean " talked about " ? These were my 
difficulties, and they are so stilL J. Dixon. 

Birds under the Cross {C^ S. ii 186, 316 ; 
iy. 66). — Beaders interested in this subject may 
Uke to know that the engraved sienet and the 
sculptured stone mentioned by Mb. Johnson 
Bailt aie both to be found figured and com- 
mented npon in Bohn's edition of Didron's C^ris- 
H«» Iconography (pp. 389. 396). Didron be- 
lieved that the doves symbolized the human soul, 
which the serpent was seeking to destrojr. The 
PM^oocks, too, he accepted as symbolic, " since in 
a certain MSb and upon a monumental stone in 
the museum of Narbonne peacocks are repre- 

sented crowned like saints with a nimbus.'^ Later 
on we read : — 

"At the foot of the painted or sculptured eroflses 
adorning the chnrches in Greece, animals are oon- 
Btantly represented face to face, contemplating with a 
mixture of loye and terror the symbol of redemption, 
before which thej appear to bend in humiliation. The 
Hon, the eagle, the falcon, and the peacock are the 
animals most commonly seen; the eagle and the pea- 
cock are the emblems of pride ; the falcon and the lion 
remind ns of barbarous liolence and brutal cruelty, and 
all may well signify those evil passions which are con- 
strained to bow Deneath the yoke of the cross ; the dove 
and the sheep so frequently seen on the frescoes of cata- 
combs and ancient sarcophagi might announce that 
virtues emanate from the cross in the same manner in 
which Tices are overwhehned by its power. St. Pauli- 
nus, Bishop of Nola» sends his friend Snlpicius Severoa 
the following distichs he had had written near two 
crosses painted red, cinctured with a crown of flowen^ 
and attended by two doyes :— 

' Ardua florifersB Crux cingltur orbe coronse 
Et Domini fuso tincta cruore rubet.' 

' Quseque super signum resident coeleste columbss 
Bimplicibus produnt regna paiere Dei.' " 

Pp. 890-1. 

The passage is interesting, though I think that 
some of Didron's interpretations of animal symbol- 
ism are open to question ; the peacocks and eagles, 
for instance, I should re^ud, in such a position a» 
that indicated, as being significant of immortality 
rather than of pride. I fear this note will not be 
of much use in helping S. T. T. to a right under- 
standing of the Wirksworth sarcophagus. If he 
were at one with the QtniUman^s Magaxine of 
November, 1821, in declaring that the birds were 
" apparently cocks," I should suggest that they 
were intended to represent the birds of " dawn- 
ing" watching for the Eesurrection mom. I 
have no recollection of having read of a dove and 
a raven being found in association with the sacred 
siffn, though, as the ark was a favourite subject 
with early Christian sculptors in the catacombs, one 
would not be surprised to find Noah's messengers in 
connexion with representations of the crucifixion. 
I believe the crossbill is quite a modem claimant 
to the honours of the legend referred to by Mb. 
Sawyer ; they belonged of old time to robin 
redbreast (see « N. & Q.," 1* S. iv. 606 ; vL 344; 
vii. 328). St. Swithik. 

In reference to this subject, I may be pardoned 
for drawing attention to some exquisitely touch- 
ing lines upon the robin redbreast, to be found 
in Once a Wuh, voL iii. p. 722. They were 
written by my gifted and versatile friend Astley 
H. Baldwin. E. Walfobd, M.A. 

Hampstead, N.W. 

"Strktch-leq" fob Dbath (6* S. iii. 408; 
iy. 34).— Like Mb. Jebbam, I, too, recalled that 
curious passage in the third satire of Persius, but 
on consideration I felt confident that the nick- 
name was suggested to its coiner bv the practice 
Digitized by VnOOQ IC 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [«^ s. iy. Jra so, si. 

of profeadonals, employed to lay oat a corpse, to 
forcibly extend the le^ before placing it in the 
coffin. A ''stretcher" was doubtless so called 
from the analagous operation of extending the 
limbs of an injured person on a flat board or a 
shutter. C. M. I. 

Athenaeom Club. 

The Fife Earldom (&^ S. iiL 308, 435; ir. 
53). — No doubt Hbrmbntrude'b test is as a rule 
correct, but there are numerous exceptions, and a 
reference to the patent is the only safe guide j«rhere 
a doubt exists. On looking through the list of 
earls, I find the following whose titles coincide 
with their family names, the adjunct *'of" not 
being introduced into the titles: Amherst, Annes- 
ley, Bathurst, Cadogan, Cairns, Cathcart, Oowper, 
Fitzwilliam, Fortescue, Gray, Howe, Lytton, Nel- 
son, Poulett, Russell, Somers, Spencer, Stanhope, 
and also Vane. The following have now family 
names which diiSer from the titles, but some of 
these have changed their family names since the 
creation of their peerages : Beauchamp, Brownlow, 
Cowley, Delawarr, Ferrers, Ferersluim, Granyille, 
Manvers, Sondes. IkmkIs Brownlow and Granville 
eeem to have taken their titles from their Christian 
names. Per contra, the Earls jof Ashbumham, 
Oraven, Home, Onslow, have the same family and 
territorial names. Lord Fife is given as the " Earl 
of" in my editions both of Lodge and Debrett. 

Amongst the marquises we have Camden, 
Conyngluim, Townshend, the last two only 
&mily names. One of the titles of the Earls of 
Leven and Melville, and of Shrewsbury and Td- 
bot, and also of the Duke of Bichmond, Lennox, 
and Gordon, coincides with the family name. 

The newspapers are great sinners in miscalling 
peers. The Eiurl of Ducie is, I will venture to 
say, nine times out of ten described in the Glou- 
cestershire papers as "Earl Ducie''; and in the 
accounts, a few days ago, of the funeral of the late 
Lady Fitz Hardinge the inscription on the coffin, 
apparently given verbatim, described the deceased 
lady as daughter of a former "Earl Ducie." 

0. S. 
Friday an Unlucky Day for Marriages 
(6«» S. ii. 483 ; iii. 94).— The rhyme quoted by 
Mr. Fleming is given, with a slight variation, in 
Henderson's Folk-lore of the Northern Counties 
(p. 33, ed. 1879), as expressing the popular belief 
of the county of Durham. Henderson says : — 

"Ab to Friday, a couple married on that daj are 
doomed to lead a cat-and-dog life. But, indeed, a feeling 
ia almost uniTersal of the inauspiciouaneas of beginning 
any kind of vork on this day, whether as the day of our 
Lord's orncifixion or that on vbich traditionally our 
first parents are said to haTo fallen." 

Geo. L. Apperson. 

Busby (6* S. ii. 247, 465 ; iii. 94).— The village 
of Cogenhoe, near Northampton, contains many 

inhabitants of the working class whose anoeston 
appear from the parish registers to have borne the 
name of Busby m this place long before the time 
of Frederick the Great. A. H. 

Little Ealing. 

Eduxtnd Curll, Booksellbr (6^ S. iL 484; 
iii. 95). — The clever poetical piece Neck or Nothing^ 
1716, was the production of Sam. Wesley, M.A., 
jun., and will be found in (he edition of his poems 
by Mr. Nichols, 1862, pp. 304-11. Mr. Wesley 
was then the head usher of Westminster SchooL 

J. I. DasDOB. 

Spanish Proverbs: "Gabibay" {6^ S. ii. 
513; iii. 55, 76).— Capt. John Stevens, in his 
New Spanish arid English Dictionary (London, 
1706), says :— 

" ' Es como el alma de Qaribay, que no la quiso Dios 
ni el diablo*; he is like the soul of Qaribay, which 
neither GoU nor the devil would hare. We have a 
saying, * He hangs betwixt heayen and hell like Eras- 
mus.' What is the reason of this saying of Garibaj I 
have not found." 

What is the reason of the above saying concerning 
Erasmus, and where is it to be found 1 



A Billy-cock Hat (6**» S. ii. 224, 355 ; iii 77X 
— Abu tanjera signifies "father,'' and not "son," 
of a cooking-pot. In Arabic abu, by the figure 
metonymy, is of the same meaning as su, sc. 
"having," "endowed with," "possessed of"; e.^., 
Abu Shawarib (father of), t. s., wearing whiskers. 
Thus Cafarelli, a distinsuLBhed general in Napo- 
leon's army in Egypt, who had lost one of his legs 
by amputation, was sumamed Abu Khashab^, 
"father of a piece of wood" (see Hist de VEi&- 
pddition des Frangais en £gypU, Paris, 1839, 
Arabe-Fran^ais, p. 66 Ar., p. 77 Fr.). 

William Platt. 

115, Piecadilly. 

The Garnet- headed Yaffinoalb (6*^ S. ii. 309, 
473, 523 ; iii. 195 ; iv. 18). — I have to apologize 
for an unaccountably careless mistake in my last 
note on this subject. The Picns viridis of Lin- 
naeus was not placed by Swainson in his genus 
Chi^soptilus, but in Brachjlophus (op.'cii., p. 
308;. Alfred Newton. 


IfUrodueiion to the Studjf of Engluh HUUmt. By 8.R 
Gardiner and J. Bass MulliDger. (C. Eegan Paol & 
This book seems to supply a distinct want in English 
historical literature. It is composed of two parts, each 
of wbich is written entirely by one of the authors ; and 
both the idea of this diTision of labour and the manner 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 

i8.IV. JniT80,'81.] 



in whieh H has been nnied oat are worthy of the 
deaerredly high reputation of both of these literary 
partners. Mr. Gardiner coDtribates an admirable essay 
or stady on English history, which, though, owing to the 
limits imposed by snioe, somewhat sketchy, is full of 
brilliant generalizations and is extremely saggestire. 
The leading idea is the continuity of English histoiy 
from the English inyasion to the present day ; and this 
IB worlced out in a series of terse paragn^hs compressed 
Into two hundred pages. Mr. Gardiner tells us that his 
essay is meant to supply students who, having been 
through the ordinary coucse, desire to devote themseWes 
to some special period of English history, with an outline 
to enable tiiem to grasp the importance of their special 
period as a ringle scene in. the great historical drams. 
But others also will derive great profit from its perusal. 
Mr. Bass MuUinger gives us, in another two hundred pages, 
what it is no exaggeration to call the most exhaustive 
and accurate account of the original authorities for 
English history, from Csssar and Qildas to the present 
day. which has as yet been given to the world. The 
puDlications of the historical and antiauarian societies, 
of the Beoord Commissioners, and of the Master of the 
Bolls, all find a place in this valuable pfeeit, which 
includes 9Xi the latest worlcs— even Prof. Burrows's 
edition of the Puritan Vitiiation of tht Untvenily qf 
Oxford in 1647-58, just issued by the Camden Society. 
Of coarse for complete accounts of the writers up to 1827 
we must still go to Sir T. Duflfos Hardy's Descriptive 
' Catalogue, but Mr. Mallinger^s worlr, taken in con- 
nexion with Mr. James Gairdner's Earlv Chronidet of 
England (8.P.C.K.), will satisfv all but the most enthu- 
siastic historical students. Mr. Mallhiger gives very 
fall references to the best editions, but in speaking of 
the oontinental chronicles he sometimes refers us to 
Migne's coUecUon, which is cumbrous and rarel]^ acces- 
sible^ and sometimes U.g, Qtoffny Gaimar) gives no 
references at all. In the case of the Emma Encomium 
(p. 247) the handy edition reprinted from Pertz*s Monu- 
m«nta Oermania Siiioriea is far more convenient than 
Migne's edition. But this is hvpercriticism, and we 
oonclnde by assuring our readers that it is not often that 
a work of such sterling merit in its department is pub- 
lished, and that the two authors are to be eongratulated 
most heuiily on the excellence of their joint venture, 
which we trust will meet with the success it most 
thoroagUy deserves. 

CatalogMe of ike Manmcripte and Munimenti of AUeyn'e 
College of Ood'e Gift at Dulvfieh, By George F. 
Warner. (Longmans k Co.) 
Thb maaoscripts in Dulwich College have long been 
known, and are of especial interest for all those who are 
anxious to recover all that can be known as to the 
history of the English stage. Hitherto they have not 
been accessible in an orderly manner, and there has 
been no sufficient clue to their contents. This is now 
furnished, and the reader will have no more difficulty 
in finding what he requires than he has when working 
in the British Museum. The excellence of a catalogue 
depends on the measure of its accuracy. This we cannot 
test absolutely without working among the papers our- 
selves, but there are indications, which a student of 
manuscripts cannot overlook, which indicate pretty 
elearly when a cataloguer has done his work well and 
whenhe has been careless. The present volume shows 
ever^ sign that the utmost caution has been used, and 
we feel no doubt whatever that it will prove a thoroughly 
■errioeable key to this interesting collection. The 
volume contains more than its title promises. We have 
A most carefully writtsn and elaborate introduction, 
vxtendmg over more than fil^ P^g^ in which it con- 

tained a serviceable sketch of the life of Edward Allejrn. . 
The Bulwich manuscripts have become unfortunately 
notorious on account of certain forgeries which have 
been inserted among them. Tbey have almost all 
reference to the history of the theatre. At the time of 
their first detection great indignation was naturally 
expressed, and the fires of eontrorersy crackled fiercely. 
Mr. Warner was not in any way mixed up with this 
painful conflict— in fact, it would seem tnat he can 
barely remember it, and can therefore have no inclina- 
tion to view the papers before him through a coloured 
medium. He is unhesitatingly of opinion that the sub* 
peoted manuscripts are modem fabrications or old docu- 
mentsjthat have been tampered with. The notes con- 
cerning the court rolls of the manor of Dulwich are of 
much value. To those who take an intelligent interest 
in the lives of the folk of earlier days they may perhaps 
prove well-nigh the most attractive part of the booir. 
The list of personal names he has extracted therefrom 
is especially curious. Mr. Warner speaks of dude as a 
oant word. If he means by this that it is an importation 
from Ireland or America, or a conscious manufacture of 
our own lower class, we must call his conclusion in 
question. It occurs in the Promplorium Parvulorum, 
where it is the text for a serviceable note. There is 
evidence of its being used to indicate things belonging 
to a church clock as early as 1501 (see Athenceum, Feb. 8^ 
1868, p. 222), and Sir Walter Scott permits King James 
to use it in The Fortunet of Nigd (cnap. v.). A place at 
Stourbridge where linen cloth was sold is or was called 
the Duddeiy. 

Songt of a Worker, By Arthur O'Shanghnessy. (Chatto 

& Windus.) 
Thb last words of one we loved, however trivial they may 
have been, linger in the memory. A singer whose songs 
have soothed us, although personally unknown, becomes 
dear to us. We know that there are many who will 
treasure this little volume for reasons apart from any- 
thing it containa It is, like all the reat of 8haughnessy*t 
work, quite able to stand on its own merits ;.but we can- 
not but believe that had its author lived to see it through 
the press it would have contained touches which are now 
wanting. There is hardly a stansa in it that is not 
poetry, and some—" Thoughts in Marble " and ** Colibri,*' 
for instance— are verse of a very high order of merit. 
But, taken as a whole, we eannot say that it equals 
Music and Moonlight, a volume which all those wh» 
know how to distinguish between poetry and the cun- 
ningly contrived echoes thereof set much store by. 
There is but little sensuousness in these Songe qf a^ 
Worker, and what there is to be found is pure as marble. 
Thonghtless critics of Mr. O'Shaughnessy^s earlier versea 
aocnsed him of using form and colour as no right- 
minded man would use them in verse any more than in 
painting or sculpture. It is hard to excuse such pur- 
blind want of discernment. There are, it is still needful 
to tell all such people, two kinds of sensuousness : that in 
which, it has been aptly said, " the soul squats down in 
the flesh, like a tinker drunk in a ditch," and that in 
which the artist's delight is shown in the mystic glory 
and beauty of all that comes from God. To the latter of 
these classes O'Shaughnessv belonged. That he should 
ever have been classed with the former shows that we 
have among us some who have but ill learned the very 
easy lesson that any man of science oould teach them, 
that things which to the unobservant are not very un- 
like, nay, sometimes even identical, are often understood 
to be, by those who know their natures, as diverse from 
each other as food and poison. Almost in every herb 
plot you will find fool's-parsley growing as a weed in 
close proximity to Its useful namesake,,hut he is a fpol 
Digitized by VnOOQlC 


NOTES AND QUERIES. t6*s.iv.ji7Lt8o,'8i. 

indeed who hae not learned to dietiingaiili the eril plant 
from its wholesome pot-herh relative. Mr. 0*8haugh- 
neisy'i profeasional duiiei led him, we have undent<wd, 
to tiie Btudy of Eoology, and it wai a pursuit in which 
he took the most intense interest. Tne poet and the 
man of science trod different paths. There are but few 
passages in any of his poems which show this other side 
of his nature. 

** In pastures where the feeding fishes gleam 
Spangled with suns and stars, 
is a bit of word-painting which none but one who was 
well acquainted with science could have achiered. 

Z09geiida Sanctorum, TfU Ptomt Leuont for Sainis* 
Dayt according to ih4 Use of BzeUr... compiled hy John 
de Chundison, Bishop, 1827. Edited by Herbert 
Edward Beynolds, M.A. (Elliot Stock.) 
Thi present fasciculus of this important publication 
comprises pages xW-lvi, together with sheets 2 A-2 E, 
these sheets containing the lessons for saints' days in 
June and in July. The introductory pages contain good 
condensed notes on the less-known saints, together with 
two excellent woodcuts copied from the Regules Moncts- 
Uca in possession of the Dean and Chapter of Exeter. 
Three bosses in the cathedral, heightened with gold and 
colour; an illustration of a "miserere*^ seat, on which 
an elephant is represented ; and a full-page plate of some 
exquisite leaf tracery, form other illustrations to this 
eeotion. Amongst the more interesting of the lessons 
we would especially notice thoee for S. William, Arch- 
bishop of York; for the translation of S. Edward, king 
and martyr ; 8. Alban, a feast of nine lections ; S. Ethel- 
dreda; the translation of S. Thomas of Canterbury and 
of S. Swithin, both feasts of nine lections; and of S. 
Kenulph, kins and martyr. These contributions to 
English hagiology greatly increase the Taloe of the 
TOlume. The paper and presswork maintain their high 
excellence : the whole preparation of the work must 
have been a labour of love. We hope that editor and 
publisher alike may receive such support from the 
bookbuying public as may at least repay the heavy out- 
lay of such a book as this. 

lUeords of the PatL VoL xii. Bgjfplian TexU. (Bagster 

k Sons.) 
Thi twelfth and concluding volume of the Texts pub- 
lished under the sanction of the Society of Biblical 
ArchsBology, and under the general editorship of Dr. 
Birch, is both interesting in itself, and particularly 
useful byreason of its table of contents of the entire 
eeries. The contributions, it is unnecessary to say, come 
from the pens of the ablest Egyptologists and Assyrio- 
logists in Western Europe. The present volume com- 
pnsee the conclusion of the "Book of Hades," bv M. 
Lef6bure ; the *' Dream of Thothmes lY.," by Dr. Birch; 
the "Tablet of Barneses II. at Abu-Simbel," by M. 
Naville; and the *' Inscrijition of Queen Hatasu," by 
Mr. Le Page Benouf ; besides other matter of import- 
ance for the student of Egyptian and Biblical hbtovy. 

WtUthire Shymes. By Edward Slow. (Salisbury, Blake ; 

London, Simpkin. Marshall k Co.) 
This volume is full of grotesque and irrelevant mis- 
epelling, as " conker " for conquer, and "rite " for right; 
l)ut in 188 pages it contains only ten words that can by 
possibility oe considered as specially Wiltshire words. 
Genuine dialect poetry is a thing always welcome, 
whether to the poet or to the antiquary ; and the ex- 
ample of Mr. Tennyson, of the Bev. William Barnes, of 
Edwin Waugh, and of others, should by this time have 
made it clear that humour and pathos of the highest 
are to be found in inch poetry^ and that a m«re itring of 

rhymes on vulgar or oommonplaoe subjects can do little 
honour to any county. 

Messss. LovaxAirs announce as preparing for pub- 
lication, Th4 Spieehei of Lord Beaconsjfeld, K.O., 
selected and ananced, with explanatory notes and a 
preface, by T. E. Eebbel; Vols. iv. and v., completing 
the work, of Ihne's HiMory of Rome ; The Marriages of 
the Bonapariet, by the Hon. D. A. Bingham ; A Bietory 
of ClaenecU Latin Literature, by G. A. Simcox; The 
Fall qf the Monarchy of Charles /., by S. B. Gardiner; 
and A Popular JntnSauetion to the History of Oreel and 
Soman Seulpti^re, designed to promote the knowledge 
and appreciation of the remains of ancient art, by 
Walter C. Perry. 

Mr. John Taylor, of Northampton, sends us an 
addition, from the copy at St. John's College, Cam- 
bridge, to his valuable series of Northamptonshire re- 
Srints in the shape of An Antwer at Large, to a most 
erelicall, tra^ous, and Papistieall Byll, 1670, the 
author of which appears to have been much incensed 
with the " fained fables '* of Bobin Hood and Little 
John, and to have wished^ that the Pope should prevsll 
—only post calendas grcKoe. 

Mr. T. Eouoht Joru, of Market Drayton, publishes 
in an edition de luxe a pamphlet entitled Meaiolanum 
(Bemrose), consisting of a correspondence in the 
Aihenceum between himself and Mr. W. T. Watkin on 
the disputed site of the Mediolanum of the Tenth Iter 
of Antoninus, which Mr. Jones claims to have found 
near Bearstone, in Shropshire, four miles and a half 
from Market Drayton, whUe Mr. Waftkin identifies it 
with Chesterton. The pamphlet also enters into other 
questions connected with the topogn^hy of Boman Bri- 

Jtoman Lancashire Is the title of a work, by Mr. W. 
Thompson Watkin, which will be shortly published by 
subscription. It has been undertaken with a view to 
brihging together the many scattered records which 
exist of discoveries of Boman antiquities in the county 
of Lancashire. 

We congratulate our old and valued correspondent, 
Mr. J. A. I^IOTOK, on the distinction which the Queen 
has signified her intention of conferring upon him. 

^niitti to CorrofpontreiitiT. 

J. 8. A. writes :— " Will Mr. Platt, or some other 
correspondent, kindly say where X may find some 
articles and works on Conservatism or Toi^ism, sueh as 
that in the Quarterly Review for Jan., 1880, mentioned 
by Mr. Pi.att, ante, p. 86 1 '* 

P. H. B. asks for the best method of cataloguing a 
library. We shall be glad to forward prepaid letters. 

Joseph M. Leabt.— Apply to Messrs. James Parker 

C. 8.— We mil endeavour to give you the answer. 

B. K,-Household Words, No. 249, Dec. 80, 1854. 

Erratum.— P. 77, col. 2, L 18 from bottom, for "hat " 
read paL 


Editor al Oommunications should be addreswd to ''The 
Editoi f 'Notes and Queries'"— Advertisements and 
Busiv f iLetters to " The Publisher "—at the Office, 20, 
Wellington Street Strand, London, W.C. 

We beg leave to state that we decline to return com- 
munications which, for any reason, we do not print; and 
to this rule we eaa make no exception. . 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 




A fixed fum In om« of Death by Aoeident. and a Weekly allowanoe in 
the erent of Injary. may be ieoored by a Polioy of the 


Tht OkUU and Lar^M ComMMg^Luwring <wainit Aeeidwtg 

The Right Hon. LOBD KINN AIRD, Chainnan. 

Paid-up Okpttal and BeMrre, £180,000. 

Moderate PremiaaM. 

Sonni allowed to Inmren after FIto Tearf. 

£1,090.000 haa been Paid aa Compeniation. 

Aroly to the Clerks at the Railway Btatloni, the Local Agente, and 

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WILLIAM J. TIA17, fieeretenr. 


Sold by all Dealera throughont the World. 

The Original, Beet, and moat Liberal. 

No extra charge for time glTen. 
Illutrated Prleed Oatalogne. witn taXk parUoolarB of Terrni^ poat flree. 
F. MOEDER, S48. MO, tfo, Tottenham Oonrt Road ; and 19, SO, and 
II, Morwell Street, W.a --^-•^"-•^-^ 

FMOEDEB begs to announce that the whole of 
• ttie above Premliee hayerooently been Reboilt, speeially adapted 
fer the Fomitore Trade, and now form one of the moot eommodlona 
Waiehouaei in the Metropolia. 

Bed-Room Boitea, flrom tt. 6«. to 80 Gnlneaf. 
Drawlng-Room Bnltee, fkom 01. Ml to 45 Guineai. 
]>ining-Room Saitee, from 71. 7«. to 40 Gnlneai. 
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' CONTENTS.— N» 84. 

NOTES :— Sir William Drarj. ud the J>nu7 FftinUy, temp. 
JSUz., 101— OeoTgd Edmonds and G«orge EdmondB^ 102— 
Heiulove'8 Diary, 103— Trarela in the Holv Land, 104<-St. 
Baldredof the Bass: whose Balnt la heT-Yorkshlie lield- 
names, 105— A Cure for Fits- WUtBhire ProvlDCialisms, 106 
— A SnccesaioD of Vicars from the same Family— Folk-lore 
—A FrUic OnUd or Olub. 107. 

<2trERIES:-Henry de Holand, last Doke of Exeter— Dis- 
ooveiy of AntiquitleB [?J in Sonthwark, 107— Yorkshire Poll 
Books, Ac.— Shalcspeares Sonnets — Ghatterton's Portrait — 
Shakspeare and Oommendatory Verses —Tennyson's " Dream 
of Fair Women" — Thorny Abbey — Playne and Iden 
Families— God alone can make a Gentleman-" The Roiail 
ProKenei," Ac —Prices—** Self-opinlated,'* lOS-Nnmismatio 
— De Lentre — Blnndeifleld Family — Sparrow Bottles — 
"Gonts"— An old Token— Tennant's Translation of the 
Ulst Psalm— Longden Family— Authors Wanted, 109. 

BEPLIE8:— Lyne Family, 109-8tabbs FamUy, 110 -"The 
Bnffs"— Milton Queries— Rer. T. Broughton- John Beading : 
The Readings : The ** Adeste fldeles," lll-E Gurll- Arthur 
Schopenhauer— '*Tb rule the ring"— Heraldic— Comets— 
Knebworth Begisters— *' A creature of Christ "—Lists of 
Emigrants, 112— Beauchamp Pedigree— *' Inland "—Coffin 
Breastplates— The Bagpiife in Lincolnshire— ** HIstoire de 
rfioole Alezandrique,*' 118 -The Publisher of Raleigh's 
"History of the World '*—'* Jingo "—Mowbray and Alblni 
Families, 114— The Plcts-Royal Naval Biographies— 
•* Guffin"— Negro Slaves In Greece«-The Devil and the beat 
Hynm Tunes. 115— Queries by Jeremy Taylor— Old Houses 
with Seecet Chamben-**Dny"— *' Gibraltar" and " Trafal- 
gar," 116— lliatcbed Ghnrohes-" Right away "—The Gender 
of Death-*' The Blue Bonnets," &c., U7— "The Land o' the 
Leal"— GaUtlansllL 10. 20— Female Soldlen and SaUozs- 
The Physical Olub-Authon Wanted, 118. 

NOTES ON BOOKS: — Ey ton's 'Domesday Studies: an 
Analysis and Digest of the Staffordshire Surv^"- Sfibillot's 
'*Lei Lltt«ratui«s Popolaties de toutes les Nations"— Col- 
Una's " Poems of Lord Herbert of Gherbury.** 


It 13 curious to note the persistency with which 
faistoiy perpetuates errors, and how injustice may 
thereby be done to the memory of individual. 

In Pennant's London there is an error which 
has been constantly quoted by historians and 
antiquaries as authority in the matter of Drury 
Lane, its nomenclature, and the Drury mansion. 
Take, for instance, Fuller, Leigh Hunt, Smith's 
Antiquarian Bamhles, Cassell's Old and New 
Lon£}n, and Cassell's Edinbitrgky now publishing 
in parts. 

In part ii., p. 48, of the last work it is said :— 

''Sir William Drury, Elizabeth's Marshal of Berwick, 
the flameyrho built Drury House in Wych Street, London, 
and who fell in a duel with Sir John Burroughs about 
precedence, and from whom Dmry Lafae takes its name," 

This remark is a decided error. Again, on pp. 48, 
49, we read :— 

''Kirkaldy was Tisited in a prOended friendly manner 
oy Sir William Dmry, whose sole object was to note the 

nomber of the garrison and the strength of the walls 

The gOTemor delivered his sword to Sir Williato Drury 
00 receiving the- toUmn a$turance of being retiored to his 
«ttateiand liberty ak the inUretinon of Elisabeth 

The brave commander was bandy deliwnd ap by Drury 
to the vindictive Regent and was hanged." 

(The italics are mine.) Now this is a perversion 
of history. 

1. This Sir William Drury was Marshal of 
Berwick and the captor of Edinburgh Castle, but he 
died at Waterford, in Ireland, from over fatigue, 
and was buried at the charges of Queen Elizabeth 
in Christ Church Cathedral, October 3, 1579. 
See Fronde's Elvuibethf and Monk Mason's Hiber- 
nia Aniiqua^ 1819 ; also Holinshed's Chronicles, 
who says, '*he was buried in Dublin, his body 
resting in peace, his soul in everlasting bliss, and 
his fame in this world for ever immortal." 

2. The Sir William Drury who fell in a duel 
lost his life whilst serving under Lord Willoughby 
in France ; his body was brought to England, and 
was deposited in the vault in Hawsted Church, 
Snflfolk, where there is a tablet to his memory. 
Camden styled him " Vir genere et omni elegantia 
splendidus." The History of Peregrine^ Lord 
WiUoughbyy by Lady Georgiana Bertie, has many 
pages of matter relating to this Sir William Drury. 
Queen Elizabeth wrote his widow a condoling 
letter at his death, which letter I believe to be in 
the British Museum. 

3. Neither the one nor the other of these two 
individuals built Drury Place (as the mansion waa 
called), for it was erected generations previously 
by a Sir Boger Drury, who died in 1495, aged 
seventy-five years. 

Now for a piece of injustice to the memory of a 
brave man, whom Fuller likens to " a pearl for 
preciousness, being hard and valiant,'' which in- 
justice is also contradicted, I hold, by the facts of 

Robertson's Scotland says:— 

** Elizabeth determined to bring disBensions to a period 
before the French could take part in the quarrel, and 
sent Sir William Drury," &c. 

After the siege and attack, — 

*' Eirkaldy and the others surrendered to Druiy, who 
promised in name of his mistress that they should be 
fairly treated : they remained in Drury's custody, and 
were treated by him toith humanity till the Queen of 
England, whose prisoners they were, thould determine 
their fate, &c. Morton insisted they should suffer the 

fmnishment due to their obstinacy, and declared that so 
ong as they were allowed to live he did not reckon bis 
own person or authority secure, and Elisabeth, without 
regarding Drury's honour or his promises in her name, 
gave them up to the Begent's dispeoal." 

Tytler's History^ vol iii. (Nimmo's edition), 
p. 361:— 

"Grange sent a message to Drury stating they sub- 
mitted not to the Regent, but to the Queen of England 
and her general ; they were accordingly carried to his 
quarters, notwithstanding $ome remx>nstranees on the part 
of Morton ; he (Drury) instantly wrote Lord Burghley 

entreating the Queen's decision upon their fate 

Elizabeth did not instantly decide, but Killigrew and 
Morton so strongly advised their execution that she com? 
manded them to oe delinrtd wp ; before, however, t|tC 



[6ih S. IV. Aufl. 6, '81. 

final order trriyed Lethington died in priion ; ten days 
after this Drury reluctantly complied with the ordere of 
Elizabeth and they were hanged." 

Now, 80 far firom Drury going to the castle to 

Kij the spy, the foUowing letter of his, written to 
rd Barghley April 11, 1673 (which is in the 
State Paper Office), will show he was actuated by 
humane feelings: — 

'* Bhonld the Castellans upon his seeking of them, offer to 
deliver up the Castle to the Queen, shall he receive it 
and deliver it to the Regent 1 he will do the best of his 
iiiU k play his part so that the same ihall he rendered 
wiihaui force,** 

Again, on June 1 he ^rntes to Burghley, — 
" One part of the prisoners remain in his own lodgings. 
It was determined Lethington to have been in the 
oostody of Mr. Killigrew, but the outcry of the people 
was so great, that at his first bringing from the Castle, 
he thought it good reason to remain with him. He 
heteechet his good meam with the Queen for her speedy 
resolution thereon, how the prisonert thall be bestowed : 
will with all diligence haste him and his charges to 
Leith, and stay there till he receive instructions. His 
own part being an executioner by force, he thought best 
to like of such conditions as the Regent allowed them/'&c. 

The Regent evidently expected that the prisoners 
would hare been delivered up to him as soon as 
the castle had been surrendered, and strong words 
passed between them, for from that date Drury in 
writing to Burghley says, *' Morton takes a mis- 
liking of him," and the Regent writes to Burghley 
of '* Uie slender good-will of the commander of the 
English forces"; he also praises everybody ex- 
cepting Sir William Drury, and never after men- 
tions him by his name (although they had pre- 
viously been great friends) : he also prays ** the 
authors of the calamity shall receive their just 

On June 18 Druiy writes to Burghley, "On Mon- 
day last towards night I delivered to the Regent 
in presence of the ambassador the prisoners com- 
mitted to him,'' and, to show how he deemed him- 
self tied to orders, and how much there was of 
red'iapiim in those days, he dared not have the 
body of Lethington buried (who had poisoned 
himself) without instructions, for, he says, ** having 
been earnestly pressed by the Earl of Athol and 
others that Lethington's body might be buried, 
and not remain above earth as it does, thinks 
good to let him know thereof to the end the Queen's 
resolutions thereon." 

On July 18 he a^in addresses Burghley, and says 
he "gathers the Recent intends to discover the 
continuance of misliking him, beseeches that he 
may have the Queen's licence to repair up, where 
he may answer what may be objected against him." 
Morton even tried to make it appear that he had 
stolen the Scottish crown jewels, and did every- 
thing he could to injure him. It is hard to say 
how this matter ended ; many of Drury's letters 
asked for his recall so as to have the matter sifted, 
but his conduct must have passed criticism, because 

he has been so frequently and proverbially named 
by Holbshed for " uprighttuts and honesty." 

In " N. & Q." 2«d S. viii. 324, P. H. F. calls in 
question Miss Strickland's right to insinuate that 
Sir Amyas Paulet and Sir Drue Drury (brother to 
this Sir William) " were onlv hindered from doin^ 
a foul murder by reason of the absence of a bribe,'' 
and indignantly remarks, " It is the duty of the 
historian and biographer to deal justly by the' 
persons whose actions they undertake to narrate." 
Are these words less true at the present day ? 

E. J. D. 


Few things give more trouble to the biblio- 
grapher than the occurrence of two authors of 
precisely similar names, living during the same 
period and writing on kindred subjects. Two 
gentlemen of the name of George Edmonds have 
much puzzled index-makera, and it may not be 
going too far to say that in no printed or manu- 
script index is a correct account of their respective 
works to be found. * Some further evidence on the 
matter has, however, of late years appeared, and 
it is believed that an accurate list can now be made 

George Edmonds number one was a son of the 
minister of the Baptist chapel in Bond Street, 
Birmingham. He was bom in Eenion Street, 
Birmingham, in 1788. Educated under his father, 
ho acquired a knowledge of several languages, and 
at an early age was in correspondence with many 
learned philologians. He was never apprenticed 
or articled to any business or profession, nor doea 
it appear how he was employed until 1823, when 
he was keeping a school in Bond Street, Birming- 
ham. The etiquette of the law was not at this period 
very strict, and George Edmonds was permitted to 
act as an advocate in the Court of Requests and 
in the Magistrates' Gourt, where his love of fun 
and his droll stories did much to enliven the courts 
and made him a general favourite. 

In the new county courts, established in March, 
1847, Mr. Edmonds found himself ineligible to 
plead. He therefore articled himself to Mr. Wright, 
and after being admitted a solicitor followed 
his profession actively during the remainder of 
his life. When Manchester was incorporated in 
1838 and a Quarter Sessions established, George 
Edmonds was appointed clerk of the peace. 

Mr. Edmonds was in his day considered an 
ultra-Radical, and, being indicted at Warwick for 
taking part in a conspiracy to elect a member of 
Parliament, he was sentenced to twelve month&^ 
imprisonment in the common gaol, which sentence 
he underwent for the full period of the time 
mentioned. The account of this event is to be 
found in 

"The King against Sir Charles Wolteley, Baronet, and 
Joseph Harniion, schoolmaster, set down for trial at 

6"'S.lV.Auo.6, '81.] 



Chester on the 4th April, 1820. Being remarks tending 
to show the untenabiiity of this indictment. By Jeremy 
Bentham, Benoher of Lincoln's Inn. London, printed 
by John McCree)^, Black Horse Court, Fleet Street, 
1820." 8vo.,pp.89. 

This work has a second title-page, which com- 
mences as follows : — 

" The King against Edmonds and others, set down for 
trial at Warwick 29th March, 1820. Being brief remarks 
tending to show,'* &c. 

Sir Robert Peel afterwards admitted that this trial 
had been illegally conducted, and in order to pre- 
yent the chance of any other cases being tried in a 
similar manner, he brought in a Bill to amend the 
working of the jury system. 

Besides editing a newspaper called Edmond^s 
Weekly Recorder, which he commenced in 1819, 
he published the following works : — 

By His Majesty's Royal Letters Patent The Philo- 
sophic Alphabet, with an explanation of its principles. 
^....To which is added a philosophic system of educa- 
tion. By G. Edmonds. London, Simpkin ; Birmingham, 
F. k J. Turner, [printed] 1832. 8vo., pp. iv and 96. 

A Universal Alphabet, Grammar and Language ; com- 
prising a scientific classification of the radical elements 
s>f discourse, and lUustratiTe translations from the Holy 
Scriptures and the principal British classics ; to which 
18 added a dictionary of the language. By G. Edmonds. 
Ijondou and Glasgow, R. Griffin & Co. [n.<{., 1856], 4to. 
Preface, pp. yii ; contents, pp. vii ; introduction, pp. 84 ; 
book i., alphabet, pp. 152 ; book ii., translation, pp. 44; 
notes, pp. lii, addenda and corrigenda, pp. iz ; book iii., 
dictionazy, unpaged. 

At the age of seventy-nine he married a second 
wife, but the union proved so veiy unhappy that 
at the end of three weeks he and his wife separated 
by mutual consent. His mind had for some time 
been giving way ; eventually he was placed in an 
asylum at Vinson Green. From thence he was 
removed to a private asylum at Northampton, 
where he died in 1868. For the above account I 
am partly indebted to E. Edwards's Personal Be- 
colleeiiont of Birmingham and Birmingham Men, 
and to Richard Bissel Prosser, Esq., of the Great 
Seal Patent Office. 

Geoige Edmonds number two was born at Pen- 
zance March 25, 1805, being the third son of 
Hichard Edmonds, solicitor and town clerk of 
Marazion. He was educated under Mr. Wotton at 
Penzance down to 1618, at St. Pol de L^on Col- 
lege, Brittany, 1818-20, and at Bodmin Grammar 
School 1820^22. He passed as an attorney July 4, 
1827, and was in practice in London 1829-38. 
Whilst residing in London he was actively engaged 
in writing against the stamp duty on newspapers, 
And was so often employed by defendants in prose- 
cations for selling unstamped newspapers that he 
was freqnently ^ed "the Attorney-General for 
lutttamped newspapers.^ He died at Croydon, 
September 13, 1869. He was the author of the 
folLwing works, and probably of some others :— 

"The Tnck Net" retuoked, or Porpoises instead of 
Pilchards ! ! ! The printer has refused to print the 

following pages without the author's name affixed to 
them; he Bubscribcs himself George Edmonds. Penzance, 
E. Rowe, 1824. 12mo.. pp. 8. 

Qeorge Edmonds's Complete Ancient Classical Dic- 
tionary. [Steyens &. Pardon printers. Bell Yard, London. 
1837. J r2mo.,pp. 16. 

Qeorge Edmonds's Complete English Grammar, with 
a Bupplemental grammar of etiquette. Fifth edition. 
London, printed for George Edmonds, Esq., 19, East 
Street, Lamb's Conduit Street, 1837. 12mo., pp. 16, 1^. 

The Penny French Grammar. By George Edmonds. 
1837. 8vo. 

George Edmonds's Three- halfpenny English Grammar; 
or, the Art of Speaking and Writing. London, Sterens 
typ., 158, Drury Lane, nd. 8ro. pp. 18. 

The Tri-National Grammar. By G. Edmonds [colo- 

§hon, " Published by G. Edmonds, 12, Church Bow, Old 
t. Pancras, and 25, Bow Street; Stevens & Pardon 
printers "J, n.d, [1888]. 12mo., pp. 16. 

The Penny Gospel. By George Edmonds. Edinburgh, 
published by George Edmonds, 28, Greenside Street, 
1843. 8vo., pp. 16. 

Geo. C. Boasb. 
15, Queen Anne's Gate, S.W. 


It is now nearly thirteen years since, by the 
kindness of Dr. Carver, I spent parts of two days 
in the examination of the Diary and Acoount- 
book of Philip Henslowe. From a letter, now 
before me, from the late Rey. Alex. Dyoe, it must 
have been in the month of September, 1868. The 
oondasion I arrived at was that some dishonest 
person had taken advantage of the blanks, not 
mfreqaently left by Henslowe, for the purpose of 
inserting pseado-antique entries, evidently with 
the view of supporting unauthorized statements 
by adducing the purport of those false entries. 

The same book has been recently re-examined 
by Mr. George F. Warner, of the Department of 
MSS. of the British Museum, with the result of 
branding as forgeries five entries. They will be 
found on pp. 158-162 of Mr. Warner's recently 
published Gatalogue of the Manuscripts and Muni- 
ments of AlUyn's College of Qod^s Gift at Dul- 
wich. The simple fact is that these five do not 
indude one of the most remarkable forgeries in 
the volume, and it is unaccountable how Mr. 
Warner came to overlook it ; especially as Dr. 
Oarver had concurred with me in condenming it. 
I did not at the time call public attention to either 
of these, for I felt sure that the volume contained 
other forged entries besides the two which I had 
discovert, and I thought it prudent to wait until 
my anticipation might be fulfilled by the investi- 
gation of an expert. However, seven and a half 
years later I published in the ^ea(2emj( a challenge 
respecting these and other pseudo- antiques, which 
I thought betrayed the hand of the same cunning 
forger. My letter in the Academy is dated 
Jan. 26, 1876, and was published in the number 
for April 1, 1876. It is entitled " Spurious BaUads. 
&a, affecting Shakspere and Marlowe." JNgyj^C 



[6* S. IV. Aug. 6, '81, 

r ZZXX* 

ooane of it I challenge these two entries in 
Henfilowe's Diary : — 

I. Likel 

quits Like J 

'♦There is," I irrite, '* certainly notbing in the whole 
Tolume which hears the least reseinhlance to this entry. 
The word ' Like ' in the first line has been written on an 
erat'ure, and part of the erased word is still legible. 
Henslowe rot unfrequently made an entry in his ac- 
courits. leaving a long blank for the name of the play for 
which the advance of money was made. Then, on a 
subsequent occasion, he entered the name of the play ; 
and if it was a single word, he inserted it at or towards 
the end of the blank, so as to leave a vacaht space before 
the name. This, for instance, he has done in an entry 
which occurs just above the one in question : here the 

payment was for Cbett1e*s Bofman It is evident to 

me that the writer of the ppurious entry found an un« 
usually long blank before the little word which stood as 
the name of the play, that he wetted his finger and 
erased that little word, and then wrote over the whole 
blank the title of an imaginary play, a title too which 
he found prepared ready to his hand in Shakspere's 
Measure for Meoiure** 

IL Pd vnto Thomas Pickers the 20 of Descmbr^ 
1597 for adycyons to fibstus twentie shellings | 
and fyve shellinges more for a prolog to Mar- Vxxv" 
loea tambelan so in all I saye payde twentye I 
fyve shellinges. j 

Of these, the first escaped the soratiny of Mr. 
Warner : the second is number two of his fiye, 
and he writes of it, '' the whole entry is eyidently 
a forprery, written in clumsy imitation of Hendowe's 
hand." C. M. Inolxbt. 

Athenseum Club. 

{CoTUinued from 6th S. iii. 385.) 

1845. ^gent (Lord). Lands Classical and Sacred. 
2 vols. 8vo. 

1846. Thackeray (W. M.). Notes of a Journey [in 
18441 from Comhill to Grand Cairo, by M. A. Titmareh 
[i e. W. iM . T.]. 8vo. Illustrated. (Chapman & Hall.) 

1846. Mscfarlane (Charles). The Bomanoe of Travel : 
the East. 2 toIs. 18mo. 

1846. Wolff (Rev. Joseph). Narrative of a Mission to 
Bokhara in 1843-5 to Ascertain the Fate of Col. Stod* 
dart and Capt. ConoUy. 8vo. See also 1860. 

1847. Wilson (John), D.D., F.B.S. (missionary at 
Bombay of the Free Kirk of Scotland). Lands of the 
Bible Visited and Described in an- Extensive Journey 
Undertaken with Special Reference to Bjblical Research 
and the Advancement of the Cause of Philanthropy. 
Maps, plates, and numerous illustrations. 2 vols, royal 

1847. Croly (Rev. Dr.) and Brockedon (W.). Views 
by D. Roberta in the Holy Land. See 1842. 

1848. Belcher (Capt. Sir Edward). VovHge during 

1843-46, Surveying the Islands of the Eastern Archi- 

KIsKo: with Notes on the Natural History of the 
lands by Surgeon A. Adams. Numerous plates, 
vols. 8vo. 

1848. MartineaiL Eastern Life, Past and Present, 
vol*. 8va 

1849. Layard (A. H). Nineveh and its Remains 

The Manners and Arts of the Ancient Assyrians. 
Numerous plates, woodctfts, and plans. 2 vols. 8vo. 

1849. Sharpe (Samuel). The Chronology and Geo- 
graphy of Ancient Egypt Published by Joseph Bonomi. 
8vo. sewed. 

1849. Plan of the Town and Environs of Jerusalem, 
from the Royal Engineers' Survey made in 1841. The by the Rev. Qeo. WUliams and Prof. Robt. 
Willis. (J. W. Parlccr.) 

1849. Williams (Rev. George). Historical and Descrip- 
tive Memoir on the Town and Environs of Jerusalem, 

1849. Williams (Rev. George). The Holy City; Hie- 
torical, Topographical, and Antiquarian Notices of Jeru- 
salem. Second Edition, with Additions, including an 
Architectural Histoxj of the Church of the Holy 
Sepulchre. By Prof. R. Willis. Numerous plates, 
tinted, plans, woodcuts. 2 thick toIs. 8vo. 

1849. Curzon (Hon. Robert). Visits to Monasteries in 
the Levant. Numerous illustrations. 8vo. See also 1854. 

1850. Lamartine's Travels in the East and Journey ia 
the Holy Land, with Memoir. 2 vols. 8vo. Edinburgh. 

1850. Marfl^oliouth (Rev. Moses). Pilgrimage to Uie 
Land of my Fathers. Engravings. 2 vols. 8vo. 

1850. Lynch (W. F.). Narrative of the U.S. Expedi- 
tion to the River Jordan and the Dead Sea. Royal 8?o. 
Maps, numerous plates. 

1850. Spencer (Rev. J. A.). The East; Sketches of 
Travels in Egypt and the Holy Land. Plates, tinted, 
cuts. 8vo. 

1850. Bartlett (W. H.). NUe Boat ; or, Glimpses of 
the Land of Egypt. Royal 8vo. Steel engrarings, 
numerous cuts. 

1851. Bartlett (W. H.). Footsteps of Our Lord and 

His Apostles in Syria a Succession of Visits to the 

Scenes of New Testament Narrntive. Steel engravings, 
woodcuts. Royal 8vo. Original edition. 

1851. Fergusson (James). Palaces of Nineveh and 
Persepolis Restored Many plates. 8vo. 

1851. Traill (Dr. R.). Translation of Josephus's Jewish 
War. Edited, with N otes, by Isaac Taylor. 2 vols. imp. 8 vo* 

(?) 1851. Burr (Mrs.). Sketches of Views. Costumes^ 
Groups, &c., in Egypt, ^e Holy Land, Greece, and 
Spain. 14 plates. 

1851. Saintbill (Richard). Use of the Samaritazi 
Language by the Jews until the Reign of Uadriao, 
deduced from the Coins of Judsea. Cork. 

1851. Churton (Rev. H. B. W.). Land of the Morning. 

(?) 1852. Bartlett (W. H.V Forty Days in the Desert on 
Track of the Israelites. Royal 8vo. Many plates. No- 

1852. Neale (F. AX Eight Tears in Syria, Palestine, 
and Asia Minor, 1842-1850. 2 vols, post 8vo. Fronts. 

1852. Bodenstedt (Friedrich). The Morning Land; 
or, a Thousand and One Days in the East Translated 
from German by R. Waddington. 4 vols. 8vo., com- 
prising flnt and 8ecor>d seriea 1851-58. 

1853. Macgregor (John), M.A. Three Days in the 
East. Plate. 12mo. . See 1869. 

1853. Browne (J. R.). Tusseff; or, the Journey of 
the Prangi Numerous illustrationa 8to. 

1858. Pfeiffer (Madame Ida). Visit to the Holy 
LandL Egypt, and Italy. Translated from German by 
H. W. Dulcken. ^London, Ingram, Cooke & Co.) 

1854. Fluegel (G). Haii Khalfae. Lexicon Ency- 
clopsedicum et Bibliographicum edidit G. F. 7 vols. 4to. 
Leipng, 1835-54. The Oriental Watt, containing de- 
sorfptions, it is said, of more than 50,000 books in Arabic^ 
Persian, and Turkish. 

3854. Van de Velde (C. W. M.). A Journey through 
Syria and Palestine in 1851-2. Translated under 
the Author's superintendence. M^^f^t^^t coloured. 
2vol8. 8to. Digitized by' 

L»«. xnuiBinvcu 




1854. Carliile <Sarl of). Biarj in Turkish and Greek 
Waten. . 8ro. London. 

1864. Canon (Hon. Bobert). Armenia, a Tear at 
Eneroun and on the Frontiers of Bussia, Turkey, and 
Perna. Map and woodcuts. O.Sto. See also 1849. 

(?) 1854. De la Zouche, Lord [».«. Hon. B.obert Cunon], 
Memoir of. Small 4to. Privately printed by Philo- 
biblon Society. 

1854. Ewald. Coetumes and Views of Jerusalem and 
the Holy Land. 8 ooloured plates. Ob. fol. 

1855. Stanley (A. P.). Sinai and Palestine in con- 
nexion with their History. Maps, plans. 8yo. 

1855. Thrapp (J. F^* Ancient Jerusalem ; a new In- 
Testigation into the History, Topography, and Plan of 
the City, EuTirons, and Temple. 8to. (Specially 
illustrating the prophecies.) 

1855. Bartlett (W. H.). Jerusalem Bevirited. Boyal 
8to. Ori((inal edition. 

1855. Yaux (W. S. W.). NinoTeh and Persepolis : an 
Account of toe recent Besearohes. Fourth edition. 
Plate. SmaU 8vo. 

1855. Fellows's Coins of Anoient Lycia. 19 plates. 
Imperial 8to. 

1855. ToMn (Catherine). Shadows of the East 

Scenery, Persons^ and Customs in Egrpt^ Palestine, 
Turkey, and Greece. Maps^ plates, tintML Imp. 8ro. 
William H. Skwisll. 

Tazley Yiearage, Suffolk. 

{To he cofUinued,) 

St. Baldrbd of the Bass : whose Sadtf is 
Hsi — ^Most of your readers are so far acquainted 
with the story of the Bass Bock as to be aware 
of its haying been used as a prison for the Scottish 
Govenanters in the seyenteenth oentniy. At an 
eartier stage of its history — that is, in the seyenth 
or eighth centniy — it was the abode of a good man 
of the Caldees, now known as St. Baldred of the 
Bassy a name stiU held in mach yeneration in 
these parts. Baldred is said to haye been the 
friend and coadjutor of a Piotish king called Derili, 
with whose assistance he was the means of estab- 
lishing Christian churches in the Lothians. 

Beoently there has got abroad an idea that the 
old sites and facts of the Coyenanting times 
are passing out of mind in Scotland, and efforts 
are being made by certain denominations in the 
Presbyterian Church to refresh the public know- 
ledge of these matters by commemoratiye meet- 
ings held on, or near, the sites of eyents worthy 
of being remembered. Such a meeting* was held 
on a Saturday afternoon early in September of last 
year on the Links of North Berwick, in yiew, in 
eyery sense, of the Bass Rock. The most striking 
hcty perhaps, in connexion with this meeting was 
thaty while full justice was done to the narratlye of 
the martyrs who suffered and died in the dungeons 
of the Bock, a strong claim was put forward to 
the possession of the worthy Baldred as a member 

* Many of your readers will, without doubt, agree 
with the worthy old woman who, all for lore, was 
tramping the country to give notice of this meeting, and 
called to invite the present writer, that " In thae days 
there 's fully ower mony modem principles.'' 

of the Scottish Church, in opposition to a similar 
daim by the Roman Catholic Church (which, of 
course, has been adyanced), on the ground that in 
the age when Baldred pursued his blessed work in 
Scotland the Church had not succumbed to the 
dominion of the Bishop of Rome, a theory ad- 
mitting of much discussion, but interesting as 
being adyanced as a challenge by a Presbyterian 
clergyman in th6 yerj act of commemorating the 
Solemn League and Coyenant 

The Roman Catholic yiew of the memories of 
the saint of the Bass is well shown in the follow- 
ing little incident, reUted by a former minister of 
North Berwick, the parish in which the " cell " of 
St Baldred is situatecl : — 

" A singular incident occurred on the Bass a few yean 
ago [prior to 1844J in connexion with flie chapel. A 
young lady, in the preeence of her father, was here 
solemnly confirmed in the Romish faith and profession, 
and the due ritual senrices gone through in the presence 
of the keeper of the Bass and his boat assistant On the 
conclusion of the solemnities the priest turned to the 
keeper, and adced him, with due decorum, if he would 
not also kneel down before the altar and follow them in 
a similar dedication and worship 1 <Mef' cried the 
Protestant Presbyterian James. 'Mel Na, na; am 
thankfu' there 's mair sense gi'en. I wad just as soon 
fa' doun and worship ane o' thae puir Solan geese 
(pointing to the myriads round about them) than gang 
on wr ony sic mockery I ' James remains an inrincible 
adherent to Protestant doctrine, and a stem abhorrent 
of prelatic tyranny and royal despotism, as may well be 
conjectured, the Bass being ever before him." 

Alex. FflRoussov, Lieut-CoL 

Qullane, East Lothian. 

Yorkshire Fibld-Nambs.— The following local 
names are extracted from Canon Raine's admirable 
account of Marske in Swaledale, which appeared 
in the twenty-second number of The Yorkshm 
ArchcBologiecil and Topogra/phieal Journal The 
names are all, or nearly all of them, yery old. 
The numbers attached to each indicate the page 
of the Journal on which it is to be found : — 

Acreshowe, 216. 

Bradehowe, Bradowe, Bratheow, Brathow, 213, 218» 280, 

Brisselkelde, 283. 

Chapel grene, 213, 218. 

Olappegate, Stl7. 

Clevedale Bake, 213. 

Olivedalebeck. 219. 

Clyffedale, 218. 

Oockhowe, Goakehowe, 218, 218^ 282. 

Cokko hill, 282. 

Conanridding,217.— The Rev. J. 0. Atkinson, in the CU9i- 
land Ohtsary, interprets ridding as cquiralent to 
clearing, and quotes from the Towndey Mytteriet the 
following passage relating to the slaughter of the 
Holy Innocents: — 

** We have made rydt/ng throgh oute Jure, 
Well wyt ye oone thyng, that mordered have we 
Many thowsandes." P. IW- 

I believe that ridding in local names sometimes mdi 
cates a third part of some larger diviskm. r^^->^r%lc> 

Pelbeck, 218, 218. DigiTized by VnUU^ IV^ 



[6U» 8. IV. Axjo. 6, '81. 

Feldegile, 216, 217. 

Feres^kelU 283. 

Ferasebelde, 283. 

Frere ridingamyre, 219. 

Qamelridhyng, 219. 

QaTeloake howe, 282. 

Golrtiyre, 219. 

QrayttMie Hill, 213. 

Halleflftt, 219. „ _ „^, 

Hwelhowe, Hesilbowe, Hcsylhowe, 213, 218, 281. 

Hartaties. Hertstieg, 218. ..,.,« . 

Hell Pott, 282, 283.— Po< signifies in the North Country 
A hole in the bed of & stream. In the ballad of Earl 
Richard we read :— 

" The deepest pot in a' the linn 
They fand Brl Richard In ; 
A (creen turf tyed across his breast 
To keep the gude lord down." 
Sir Walter Scott, in the Minstrelsy of the Seotlish 
Border (ed. 1861, ii. 188), has the following note under 
this word: "The deep holes scooped in the rock by 
the eddies of a river are called pots; the motion of 
the water haying there some resemblance to a boiling 

Helwath, 218, 281. 

Hermite croft, 220. 

Herfiridding, 217, 219. 

Houltonriddynar, 219. 

Hyndrake, Hyne Rake, 218, 21S.— Rake probably means 
a pasture. In North Lincolnshire the right of pasture 
on unenclosed land is called the " rake of pasture." 
In the manor of Sootter, Lincolnshire, there was in 
1591 a place called Long-Rake. Cf. Icel. reiia, to 
wander, to stroll. 

Marrigge well, 282. 

Marrycke, 281. 

Mose Myer headde, 232. 

Ragil, 219. 

Rukke, 218. 

Robertrudyng, 219. 

Sorremyre, 213. 218. 

Stttlling dubbe, 233.— i>u& signifies in Scotland a small 
pool of water, and also a gutter (Jamieson's Did. of 
tlu Scottifh LanguagSy sub voce), 

Swaynemyre, 213, 218. 

Thyrlegate, 213. 

Whitewall. 218. 

Whydaylle, 219. 

Whytegate, 213, 284. 

Wbyte Stane, 213. 

Wodkeld, Wudkeld, 213, 218. 

Younaker, 219. 

Edward Peacock. 
Bottesford Manor, Brigg. 

A Curb roR Fits.-— On July 15, 1881, 1 ob- 
served a broad silver ring on the middle finger 
of the left hand of a man, formerly of Ohud- 
leigh, now of Torquay, a painter by trade, who was 
working at my house at the time. In reply to my 
questions, he stated that he was twenty-seven years 
of ace, and had worn the ring about seven years 
for the purpose of protecting himself from fits, to 
which he had long been subject The ring, he 
said, was made of nine sixpences, given to him for 
the purpose by nine unmarried females, all, as was 
necessary, of the parish of Chudleigh, where he 
resided at the time. The sixpences were given in 

response to his question, " Will you give me a six- 
pence 1 " he being careful not to say, " Will you 
please to give me a sixpence ? '' and careful also to 
avoid saying, "Thank you,** on the receipt of the 
coin— either of which would have vitiated the 
charm. He took the nine coins to an ordinary 
jeweller, who made them into a ring, but it was 
necessary for the success of the charm that he 
should receive nothing for his labour. The givers 
and the receiver of the sixpences must be of dif- 
ferent sexes, and the ring must be worn on the 
middle finger of the left hand. It had not quite 
kept away the fits, but they had been much less 
frequent than they were before he wore it. 

Wm. PjfiNQELLY. 


Wiltshire Provincialisms.— An old friend, 
a native of Wiltshire, has kindly sent me a note 
of the following provincialisms, now almost obso- 

Aumoo,—A. cow or bullock. 

yltrwii.— Half-witted, silly. 

Bakhylamb.^k sheep. 

Bvjlir.—A cheat. 

CocirfZe.— Confusion, everything diearranged. 

Corfno^^er.— A gossip. 

Colli/fodger.—OM who takes unusual care of himself. 

CAaw.— To chew, to eat slowly. 

Cfeavy,—A mantel-shelf. 

ClimbtacL^A child always in peril. 

Dabbvnointer.—A dirty person. 

7)o<Wi*y.— Rotten, as applied to wood. 

DagletL-^An icicle (aiguillettel). 

Duddered.-^Om{\ued by a noise. 

Dumbledar,—The large humble bee. 

Dunch, — Deaf. 

Drung$. — To push forward in an excited manner, as 
an unruly crowd would do. 

Forttm-iftoruw.— Boisterous and rude. 


HalUdffe.^A moving tumultuous assemblage of rough 

Happering. — A snapping of an ember in the fire. 

Hay to.— A horse. 

Heel-out —To pour out. 

JIorse-cofiber.—A rude, boisterous girl. 

Ifud-me'dud.—A scarecrow. 

Jakkypig.—A pig. 

Knawse of a knawsness.—yLuoh the same as usual. 

LoppetL—A tall ungainly person. 

Lumper.— ^0 stumble. 

Nanny-fudget.—A neryoup, efl*eminate, fidgetty person. 

A'aw«t.— Ne«r, hereabout 

Plim, — To plump, to swell. 

Ply.— To bend. 

Pure, quiU pure.— In good health. 

Scob.—A dark hole or cupboard. 

^cri^f.— Small fruit left after the gathering of the 

Skramd.—To be miserably cold. 

Slat.— To crack. 

Slopper-luxk.— Untidy about the feet, slipshod. 

Snop» — A smart blow on the head. 

Squish.— To squirt, to gush out 

Squish-ffun.—A syringe. 

Stocky. —-Stout buil t (applied to a man) . 

Stowf.-A stamp of^ t^«.^ ^^ i^QOg IC 

^ 8. IT. Aua. e, '81.3 



Taak-^A shelf. 

TaUtt—A hftyloft. 

Teart. — A sharp pain. 

FtnH«y.— Nervona irritability. 

TauL—To pour. 

To yatu it «/>.— To drink greedily. 

W. M. B. 


Fauilt. — A moral tablet has jaat been erected in 
Silebj Cborch, Leicestershire, in memory of the 
Her. John Dudley, who was sixty-one years Ticar 
of that parish and sixty-two years Vicar of Hum- 
berstone. He is described as the eldest son of 
the Rev. John Dudley, thirty-five years Vicar of 
Humberstone, and grandson of the Rev. Paul 
Dudley, likewise Vicar of Humberstone for fifty- 
four years. We here find a record of father, son, 
and grandson officiating as vicars of the same 
parish for the long period of one hundred and 
fifty-one years. Thomas North, F.S.A. 

FoLK-LORX.— I do not remember to have come 
across this bit of folk-lore before :~ 

"The Tillage and church of Ditchling lie below— a 
village in which a Jew pedUr once upon a time mur- 
dered an innkeeper, his wife, and their serrant, and was 
for these crimes hanged upon a scaffold hard by. A 
piece of the gibbet, as the local histories bear witness, 
was long considered a certain cure for to3thache." — 
Louis J. Jenuings's RamhUs among Uu HilU, p. 202. 

Ditchling is in the Southdown country. Akon. 

A Frisic Gcild or Club.— Our nearest kins- 
men, and those we have cared least for, are the 
Friselanders. The composition at San Francisco, 
in our far west, of A Orammar of Ou Old Frienc 
LangtMge^ by Adley H. Cummins, A.M. (Triibner), 
is a challenge to us. After all, there are in England 
a few lovers of our kinsfolk, and it would be easy 
to do something to keep up the memory of the 
tongue of thode who had so large a share in the 
English settlement of Britain. What we could do 
is to form a small Frisian guild. Mr. W. J. 
Thorns, who is an old votary of Frisic, and has the 
largest gathering of books, thinks kindly of the 
plan, and I shall be glad to hear the opinions of 
any one interested. It is a compliment to 
"* N. & Q." to say that its pages ofier the best 
opening and beginning for the interchange of 
thought among those who are few and far between 
and wide scattered. Htdb Clarkb. 

32, 8t George's Square, S.W. 

We must request oorreepondents desiring information 
on family matters of only private interest, to affix their 
names and addresses to their queries, in order that the 
answers may be addresMd to them direot. 

Henrt de Holamd, last Dukb of Exbtbr. — 
This nobleman's body was found floating in the 

British Channel, with no evidence to show how he 
came by his death. The date is given by Dugdale 
and Stow as 13 Edw. IV., but Mr. Scoble, in his 
notes to the Memoirs of Philippe de Comines (ed. 
Bohn)j gives 1475. Can the date be ascertained 
more precisely? He was divorced from the 
Princess Anne, at her own suit, Nov. 12, 1472, 
according to Stow and Dugdale ; and she sub- 
sequently, in 1474-5, married Sir Thomas St. 
Leger. I want to find out whether the second 
marriage took place before the duke's death. It 
almost certainly did not, if 13 Edw. IV. be the 
true date. I also wish to ascertain whether the 
duke's only daughter died before him or not. 
She was living Jan. 4, 1473, and dead July 18, 
1474. Where did Miss Strickland get the date of 
October, 1466, for the marriage of this daughter, 
Anne Holand, with Thomas, Marquis Dorset ? It 
is scarcely confirmed by that of the royal assent to 
their marriage settlements, given Jan. 4, 1473. 
And where did Stow find the date of the divorce ? 
There is no hint of any divorce on the Bolls of 
Edward IV., and his sister is described, months 
after this date, and on several occasions, as Anne, 
Duchess of Exeter, though her husband is referred 
to on the Issue Roll as " Henry, called Duke of 
Exeter," and on the Patent ItoU, in the entry 
of his pardon, as ** Henry, calling himself Duke of 
Exeter." Is there any evidence to show that after 
her husband's forfeiture the Princess Anne was 
created Duchess of Exeter in her own right? 
There is no entry of such a nature on the Rolls. 


Discovert of Antiquities [?] in Southwark 
IN 1786. — The following appeared in the Bristol 
Gazette of June 22, 1786. I have read the para- 
graph to a gentleman who has known Southwark 
for fifty years, and he had never heard of the sub- 
terranean chamber, nor any tradition of one having 
been found in the borough. Was it a hoax 1 — 

" On Saturday [Jane 17. 1786] as Messrs. Wilcox & 
Co., of SL SaTionr'f, Southwark, were digging for the 
foundation of several new bouses in that parish, the 
workmen discovered a large marble slab which measured 
7 ft. by 6i ft. It was found to cover the entrance into 
a subterranean passage hewn out of the solid rook. Mr. 
Wilcox and several gentlemen went with lamps a dis- 
tance of 196 yards along a passage which terminated in 
a circular apartment &k yards in diameter, and 12 ft. • 
perpendicular, supported by nine pillars of veined marble 
of tne Tuscan order. Along the passage on both sides, 
at the distance of six feet, are nicoes, in which are the 
figures of Popish saints habited in their religions habili- 
ments, with crucifixes, beads, kc.; and in the amphi- 
theatre or circular apartment are six niches, which are 
filled with saints and other pious relics of the Papal 
Church. Several pieces of gold and silver coin of Julius 
CsBsar^s were found in the vault, and great care has been 
taken to preserve the whole as a museum of great curio- 
sity. The learned are divided as to the use of this sub- 
terranean temple and its antiquity, which appears to be 
very great At the further end of the apartment was ^ 
found an enormous toad, which weighs eleven pounds 



(6Mi 8. IV. Aug. 6, '81. 

ftre oanoesj and is the tice of a fnll-grown capon. It 
WM found aliTe, but on being brought to the air it died 
lA Um than an hour. It is kept in spirits." 

D. J. 

Yorkshire Poll Books and Election Re- 
cords. — I have in my possession a poll book 
{published at York in 1742) of the contest for the 
county in 1741 between Fox and Turner. Will 
any of ;^onr correspondents inform me if this is 
the earliest publication of the kind, or, if not^ 
what earlier printed poll books there are, and 
where copies of them can be referred to? also 
where the rolls of previous elections are deposited, 
and how access can be obtained to them ? I wish 
more particularly to refer to the Usts of voters at 
the elections in 1708 and 1734, but also to any 
earlier records of the kind. H. E. 

Shakspearb's Sonnets.— Can any of your 
readers kindly refer me to, or furnish me with, a 
list of the works published about Shakespeare's 
ionnets 1 Not only books, but magasine articles 
and reyiews. 

Ohatterton'* Portrait.— I am aware of the 
fftct that the portrait prefixed to Dix's Life of 
ChatUrton is not considered authentic, and have 
read the discussion which appeared in the OenUe- 
mcm'i Mcigaxine and in " N. & Q.'' several years 
ago, but I want a reference to the Tatter's authority 
for saying, " After the discovery that the portrait 
was not tibat of Chatterton, the frontispiece to the 
Life was suppressed, and the plate was destroyed." 
vide 6^ S. vL 60, notice to Elisha. 

Shakspearb and Cohmendatort Verses.— 
Is any instance known, or work extant, in which 
Shakespeare wrote " commendatory verses " of a 
contemporary? J. H. I. 

Tbnntson's " Dream op Fair Women."- Can 
you or any of your readers tell me whether or not 
the lines in the twelfth stanza of the above — 
" And once my arm was lifted to hew down 
A cavalier from off his saddle-bow, 
Tliat bore a lady from a leaguer'd town/'— 

contain an allusion to any incident or characters 
in history, legend, or fiction? The readers of 
Ivanhoe will remember the Templar's escape with 
Eebecca from Front de Boeuf s beleaguered castle, 
but the poet speaks of a town. C. T. B. 

Thornet Abbet.— Among the Protestant re- 
fugees settled at Thorney in the seventeenth cen- 
tury were families of Mazingarbe, Fauvergue or 
Fovargue, Harley, Le Tall, Le Pla, and Kis. Do 
any of these still exist ? I shall be thankful for 
information respecting any of them or their de- 
scendants. F. Batlet. 

Playne and Iden Families, co. Kent.— I 
should be grateful for any information as to where 
in Kent the family of Playne held laud. Their 

arms in Burke's Armory are given as, *' Arg., a 
cross patt^e fitch6e sa., on a chief of the last, three 
fleur-de-lis of the first." One member of the 
&mily married a daughter of Iden, and a de- 
scendant, Iden Playne, was living at East Peckham, 
Kent, 1648. Query, When did the Iden family 
become extinct in the male line ? 

W. L. King. 
Watliagton, Norfolk. 

GrOD alone can MAKE A GENTLEMAN. — There 

is a saying attributed to James I. that he could 
make a l^d^ but only Grod Almighty could make 
a geniUman, What is the correct version of the 
anecdote, and where is it to be found ? 

A- S. P. 

** The Roiatl Progenei of our most Sacred King lames 
By The Grace of Qod King of E. 8. & I &c Deoended 
from yt victorius King H. y* 7 & Elisabeth bis wife 
wherin y* 2 devided famles ware vnited together." 

Can any of your readers give me any information 
about an engraving which I have lately fallen in 
with, and which is entitled as above? At the foot 
is " Benjamin Wright fecit, John Woutneel excu. 
1603." The pkte is 14{in. long by 10} in. wide. 
For some purpose the margin appears to have been 
cut close away, leaving, however, the engraving un- 
injured. At p. 90 of his Calcographiana, London^ 
1814, Caulfield mentions an engraving the de- 
scription of which corresponds in most respects to 
that to which I am referring. But Caulfield con- 
dudes thus, "Benjamin Wright fecit, Compton 
Holland excudit 1619." The date is different, and 
Compton Holland takes the pbce of John Wout- 
neel * H. L. L. G. 

Prices of various Articles at different 
Times.— -I wish to complete the table of prices 
given in Ending's Annals of the Coinage, vol L 
p. 95, by bringing it down to the present time. 
Can any reader, therefore, give me the following 
information (with full references to the original 
authorities), or else refer me to the sources of such 

I require the prices of the under>mentioned 
articles at these dates, viz., 1800, 1815, 1830, 
1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 :—l, wheat per 
bushel ; 2, horse ; 3, ox ; 4, cow ; 5, sheep ; 
6, hog ; 7, goose ; 8, hen ; 9, cock ; 10, butter 
per pound ; 11, cheese per pound ; 12, ale per 
gallon ; 13, small beer per gallon ; 14, beef and 
mutton per pound ; 15, labour in husbandry 
per day. Fitz-Henrt. 

" Self-opiniated"=Self-opinioned.— I have 
often in the north of England heard persons use 
this word, which I always mentally registered as 
an error, but I never saw it in print until I met 
with it in " N. & Q." (6"» S. iiL 512). Can your 
correspondent quote any good authority for the 
use of the wordl Ogilvie and Webster give only 




^df'CfinwMA, OpVMtjM and opimat#(i they mark 
as obsolete. F. G. Birkbsce Tsrbt. 

NuMiSMATia — Sixpence, Philip and Mary, 1555. 
Oby. : legend, "Philip . Et . Mana . D . G . Rex . 
«t . Begina . Angli" I cannot find this coin with 
" Angli ^' described by Hawkins, p. 295 ; Hen- 
frey, part iL, " Silver Coins," p. 68 ; or Ending, 
¥oL iL plate xL p. 317. Can any of your readers 
help me 1 W. STAVJUfHAGJUf Jonbs. 


De Lkntrs. — Sometimes in affluence and some- 
times without a shilling, he founded in France the 
Masonic lodge of the ^'Contrat Social'^ At one 
time he was a police spy in Paris, and when in 
London kept good coinpany. Is it known where 
he lived in London ? Where did he die ? 

C. A. Ward. 


Blunderfisld Fahilt. — ^Where can I procure 
« copy of the Hiitory of the Blunderfidd Family, 
pubushed, I believe, in the country 1 £. L. F. 

Sparrow Bottles.— Some time ago a friend 
showed me a print of a fine old house that formerly 
stood in one of our county towns. Close to the 
upper windows were hung what appeared to be 
glass globes. These, I was informed, were for 
sparrows to build their nests in ; that, when the eggs 
were hatched, the inhabitants of the house took 
the nest for the sake of the young birds, which 
were considered a great delicacy at table. I should 
be glad to know if such a custom really ever 
existed. The print to which I refer is not more 
than one bunded years old. 

Hellibr €k)ssELiir. 

Blakesware, Ware, Herts. 

•*' LiTe you in lazuiy and pampered ease. 
As if whole natare were your cateress; 
Soft be your beds, as those ?rhich monarchs* whores 
Lie on, or gouU of bedrid emperors.*' 
Oldham, JSaHrst on the JetuUt, iii. (Bell's ed., p. 111). 

Wanted the meaning of gout in this passage. 

A. L. Mathew. 

An old Token. — I have lately seen a token 
which about five years ago was dug up in the 
parish of Bialey, near Stroud, Gloucestershire. 
It is equal in size to a penny ; and on the obverse 
there is a crown with the letters " G. B.," and on 
the reverse, "For the King's Private Ways." 
For what purpose was it intended, and what may 
be the date ? Abhba. 

Tbnkant's Translation of telb 151st Psalh. 
— Some time ago I saw a small book of poems for 
echools, in which was inserted a poetical translation 
of the so-called 1 5 1st Psalm (as given in the Sep- 
toagint) by Tennant, a Scotch poet. Will any of 

your readers give me the title and the name of the 
publisher of Uie book, or tell me where I can find 
a copy of Tennant's translation of the psalm in 
question 1 C. C. 

Family of Lonqdkn.— Can you give me any 
information as to the family of Longden, or De 
Longden, or De Longedon, of Longden, Salop 
(besides what is contained in Eyton's Hittory of 
Shropshire)^ also of Stow-in-the-Wold, co. Glou- 
cester 1 H. ISHAM LONODBN. 

Oakwood, Crawley, Sasiez. 

Authors of Books Wantrd.— 

The Dov4-Liie ScvU. A Sermon preached before the 
Prince's Highnes at White-Hall. Febr. 19, 1618. By 
I. B., D.D., and one of his Maiesties Ohaplaines in 
Ordinary. No imprint, 4to., 26 pp. Text : Psalm 65. 6. 

C. W. S. 

Authors of Quotations Wantkd. — 
" Ah ! why on mennmental stone 
Beoord the love, that yet lives on 1 
As though it were a thing that 's jcone. 
And would not live, when life is done ! " 

John Pickfokd, M.A. 
"The sharp auiamn breeze that scattered the dead 
leaves at our feet oame as cold to me, on a sudden, as if 
my own mad hopes were dead leaves too, whirled away 
by the wind like the rest.'* William Plait. 


(5«» S. xiL 107, 275; 6^ S. L 603; iiL 135.) 

After the decease of Sir Bobert Bardolf, Ent, 
the brother and heir of Sir Thomas Bardolf, Lord 
of the Manor of Maple Durham Goumay, co. 
Oxon, the family of Lynd were next of kin to this 
branch of the great house of Bardolf, a daughter 
and heir of Sir John Bardolf having been married 
to a Sir Roger Linde. 

This family of Lynde had been established in 
Herefordshire as early as 9 Edward II. (1316) ; 
at that date Bichard de la Lynde and his son 
Richard were lords of the townships of Park, 
Pixley, and Munsley, places in the hundred of 
Radlow, and even at a period earlier than that 
mentioned Thomas Lyne held of the king (in 
capite) land in Kingston in the county of Here- 

Sir Robert Bardolf died on Thursday, May 20, 
1395 (18 Richard XL), and his manors of Maple 
Durham. Groumay and Stoke, then called Stoke de 
L'Isle from a family of that name having been the 
former possessors of the manor, were held by his 
relict. Lady Amicia Bardolf, from the time of his 
death. She died on Friday, Oct. 2, 1416, when 
these manors came into the possession of William 
Lynd, the brother and heir of John Lynd, who 

♦ Vide Rot, Orig. Abbreviaiio, 23 Ed. I., and Far* 
UaTMfUary WriU, 25 Ed. I. and 9 Ed. IL 



l««fcS.IV.Auo. 6/81. 

died without iBsne ; the manors of Stoke L'lde and 
Cokefield being held of the Earl of Oxford by 
fealty in lien of all seryioes— Stoke L'lale being 
worth 20<., and Cokefield the same. William 
Lynde married Joan, the daughter of Sir Hagh 
Annesley, Ent.; she is baried at Maple Dur- 
ham.''^ William Lynde was also tenant in tail 
of the manor of Ghesham Bois, co. Bucks ; he 
died March 17, 1438 (16 Henry VI.). James lArnd, 
a younger brother, did not inherit, William Lyne 
baring a son and heir Thomas. Thomas died 
June 2, 1477, -and left issue two sons, t^ohn and 
William. John, by deed of Feb. 1, 1490 (5 
Henry VII.)i conveyed by bargain and sale his 
manor of Maple Durham Gournay to Richard 
Blounty.Esq.; this John Lyne died prior to 1521, 
leaTing three daughters, viz., Elizabeth, married 
to Robert Holt, E^q.; Alice, married to Edward 
Lore, Esq.; and Joan— see grant at Westminster 
(State Papers), Mar. 21, 1521 (12 Henry VIII.), 
*^ Custody of Joan Lynd of Stoke Lyne, daughter 
and one of the heirs of John Lyne.'' 

In the church of St. Peter at Stoke Lyne, in 
the chancel against the north wall, is a tablet of 
gre^ marble, having at its top, as expressing a 
belief in the resurrection, our Lord rising out of 
the tomb, lower down on each side are coats of 
arms, and beneath, the text, — 

" Delicta JQTentotiB nostra et ignorantias 
Nostras ne memineris Domine." 

Under this is the. picture of a man and a woman, 
behind him five boys, behind her three girls, with 
this inscription : — 

" Of your Charity pray for the Soals of Edward Love 
Gentleman and Alys his wyfe, which Ahs lyeth buried 
under the Stone before this stone and deceaved the 
zz day of January y* yere of our Lord God Mv^xxxiiiii 

and the said Edward dyed the • day of y* yere 

of our Lord God mv* for whose and all Xten Soules 

of your Charity Say a pater noster and an ave." 

The above inscription is copied from Harleian 
MS., No. 4170, British Museum (Monumental 
Inscriptions, co. Oxon.). The Rev. G. D. B. Mar- 
sham, the present Vicar of Stoke Lyne, informs 
me that the tablet still remains, and that Mr. 
Woodyer, who restored the church eleven years 
ago, was much struck with this tablet, as being 
njost perfect and excellent in execution and design. 

The Lynes formerly settled at Bucknell and 
Swaldiffe, parishes near to Stoke Lyne, were, in 
all probability, members of another branch of 
the family of Lyne of Stoke. Thomas Lyne, son 
of Robert Lyne, bom Oct. 18, 1653, occurs as the 
first entry in the Registers of Budcnell (see Dun- 
kin's Oxfordshire), 

The following are extracted from the Lay Sub- 
sidies, Public Record Office, and from the Calen- 
dars of Oxfordshire Wills :— 

♦ Vide Heame*8 MS. Diaries, voL Izzxti. p. 12, and 
BawL MS. B., in Bod. Library. 

Lay Subtidiet^Bueintil, eo. Oxon, 
1566-7, 8 & 9 Eliz., Robert Lyne, in goods, AL 
1576, 18 Eliz., Robert Lyne, in goodf, 41. 
1681, 28 Elis., Robert I^e, iu goods, 41. 
1610, 7 Jao. I., Geoiige Lyne, in goods, 8^. 
1640, 16 Car. L, Richard Lyue, in lands, 20«» 

1640. 16 Oar. L, John Lyne, in lands, 20#. 

1641. 17 Car. L, John Lyne. 

1665, 17 Car. 11., John Lyne, 2 hearths. 

1665, 17 Car. II., Robert Lyne, 2 hearths. 
WilU, 4U 

John Lyne of Bocknell, 1578. 

Robert Lyne of Bucknell, 1605. 

Robert Lyne of Bucknell, 1639. 

George Lyne of Bucknell, 1640. 

Oulfrid Lyne of Bucknell, 1677. 

Prudent [t Prudence] Lyne of Bucknell, 1684. 
ExlracUfrom th4 RegisUrs of Swalctiffe, co. Oxon. 
1583, Not. 7, Richard, y* sonne of John Line, Baptized* 
1595, June 3, John Line, Buried. 
1620, Dec. 31, John, Son of Jerome Lyne, Buried. 

1631, July 4, Jane, Wife of Jerome Liue, Buried. 

1632, April 22, John, y* sonne of Jerome Line, Buried. 

1638, May 17, Julian Line, Widow, Buried. 

1639, Elizabeth, y* daughter of Matthew Line, Buried 
Not. 18. 

1643, April 7, Thomas, y' sonne of Matthew Line, Buried. 
1645, Jan. 4, John, y* sonne of Matthew Line and 

Elizabeth, Baptized. 
1674, July 4, William, y* son of John Line and Dorothy, 

1678, Oct. 31, Jeromy Line of SwalcIifTe, householder^ 

1678, Dec. 7, Henry, j* son of John Line and Dorotby> 

1696, Feb. 33, William Lyne of Swaldiffe, Buried. 
1704, June 18, John Line of Swaldiffe, Buried. 

The Registers of Epwell, a Chapelry of Swal- 
diffe, contain the following : — 

1640, May 25, Robert, y* sonne of Richard Line, Bap* 

1683, May 20, Samuel, the son of Line and Eliza- 
beth, Baptized. 

In the Lay Subsidies, Public Record Office, the 
following occur under Swaldiffe, co. Oxon : — 
Hearth Tax, 17 Car. II. (1665) ; John Lyne ; Jere- 
miah Line. 

Amongst the Oxfordshire wills, now at Somer- 
set House, London, are the following : — Will of 
John Lyne of Swaldiffe, 1547 ; Will of Joh;A 
Lyne of Swaldiffe, 1595. 

Robert Edwin Ltne» 

Royal Dublin Society. 

The Stubbs Family, co. Lincoln, in 1612 (6"* 
S. iii. 467 ; iv. 75). — An interesting account will 
be found of Dr. Henry Stubbs's mother in that 
genealogical encydopaedia The Memoirs of the 
CheiUrt of ChidUUyf by Mr. Chester Waters 
(toI. L p. 346). Mrs. Stubbs was the remarkable 
mother of a remarkable son. She was in the 
service of the Chester family for the long period 
of seyenty years. She entered the household of 
the first Sir Anthony Chester in 1622, as the 
gentlewoman of Lady Chester, and when her 




mistrefls died, in 1629, married John Stabba, the 
minister of rartney, in Lincolnshire, who after- 
wards tamed Anabaptist Being left a widow 
with two sons and a slender income she settled 
in London, where she made a sufficient living by 
her needle to send her son Heniy to Westminster 
School; and when he was provided for at Oxford 
she returned to service, and became the house- 
keeper of Sir Henry Chester, the son of her old 
mistress. She lived with him until his death in 
1666, when Sir Henry left her by his will an 
annuity of thirty pounds a year. She insisted, 
however, on remaining in the family, and she 
retained her post as housekeeper until her death, 
in the ninety-third year of her age. She died on 
June 20, 1692, and was buried at Chicheley, when 
her master the third Sir Anthony Chester, was the 
executor of her wilL Her tombstone, with a long 
inscription, from which most of these particulars 
are Uucen, still remains in Chicheley Church, but 
is much dilapidated. Mrs. Stubbs is not a solitary 
instance in this family of the life-long attachment 
and fidelity which are equally honourable to 
master and servant, for a tablet in Tilsworth 
Church preserves the memory of John Quinny, 
who was fifty-six years the faithful servant of the 
same Sir Henry Chester. Mrs. Stubbs was a 
gentlewoman by birth, and before the civil wars 
ladies of rank usually had for their attendants 
persons of gentle blood. Mr. Chester Waters has 
collected in a note a number of examples of ser- 
vants of good family who were related to their 
employers. The notion that domestic service is 
degrading came in with the revolution of 1688. 

E. P. 

" The Buffs " (6**» S. iv. 26, 65).— Having taken 
an interest in the question of the 3rd Eegiment, 
which I have hitherto believed to have been en- 
titled to the honour of being the City of London 
Regiment, I should be glad if An Old Officbr 
OF *' The Buffs '' could help in establishing the 
daim, in which I have failed. 

Cannon's records no doubt relate the story of 
Morgan's regiment, raised in the City of London, 
and officially records the history of the 3rd Foot ; 
bnt the link between Morgan's corps and the 
Holland regiment is miesiog. There is no proof 
that "the Buffs" are descended from the band 
raised in the City, and there is no evidence that 
tbey ever claimed such a descent till the recent date 
of 1846, when they for the first time obtained the 
sanction of the Corporation of London to marching 
through the City with drums beating and colours 
flying. Can An Old Officer of *' The Buffs." 
give tne any evidence of an earlier exercise of this 
light or an earlier recognition of the claim 7 


Milton Queries : (4) " The trepidation 
TALK'n" (6«» S. iii. 428; iv. 75, 97).— It is cer-. 

tainly difficult to conceive how "talked" cai» 
mean " talked about"; bnt at the same time it i» 
difficult to conceive how it can mean anything 
else. But as for the balance weighing the trepi- 
datioUf may not " trepidation" be a quasi-cognate 
accusative after "weighs"? In Oomusy Miltox^ 
says that the nightingsde " nightly to thee her sad 
song moumeih well" I assume that " weighs " and 
"moumeth" are both intransitive verbs; and I 
would suggest that in both cases the accusative 
is merely an amplifioation of the notion implied in 
the verb. R H. G. 

Eev. Thomas Brouohton (6«"» S. iii. 288).— A 
considerable time havine elapsed and no reply being 
forthcoming on this subject, though I can give no 
information as to the father of the Bev. Thomas 
Broughton, your correspondent may be pleased to 
know he had other children than those named by 
him, viz., another son, Charles Rivington, and & 
daughter, E. M. B., who married a Mr. Wood or 
Woods. The family possessed a portrait of 
Thomas Broughton, which was engraved and pub- 
lished, and the following panegyric, written by the 
daughter, may be of interest to your inquirer :— 
"On the Rev'd Mr, Broughton'* Picture. 
•* Oh ! I could gaze for ever on this Face, 
Dwell on that look and hang o'er every Grace, 
'Till my Bwol'n Eye, unable to explore, 
Shrinks from the si^ht and aches at erery Pore 
Yet ah I how vain thy Pencil to impart 
The lively glow which warm'd his bounteous heart 
Tho* strong the likeness, attitude, and dress, 
My throbbing heart and streaming Eyes confess. 
Yet should each Artist as one man combine 
Did all who ever drew, or breathed a line, 
Could I in loftiest strains his praise rehearse. 
Did flowing numbers deck my humble verse. 
Did Sappho's melting strains attune my Lyre 
Or the fam'd Mantuan Bard my breast inspire, 
Nor I— nor They— nor Thou— could ever trace 
The Heavenly look that form'd that Angel face. 
How then attempt the beauties of his mind 
The greatest, humblest, best of human kind. 
Since then no Art can make thy worth appear 
And all my eloquence is but a Tear- 
Come close dear Shade and let me fondly gazd 
With mute attention and with fixed amHze 
Come then dear lifeless image of my Sire 
Who views Thee sees him, seeing must admire. 
Come thou sad substitute of him we mourn 
Tho* gushing tears bedew his sacred urn, 
This precious gift mv greatful heart shall prize 
'Till 1 rejoin my Father in the Skies. E. M. B * 

W. DlLKB, 


John Bbadino : the Bbadings (3^ S. i. 109 ; 
vL 61 ; 4* S i. 12 ; 6«» S. ii. 434 ; iii. 49, 410).- The 
" Adestb FiDBLEs" (4*»» S. XL 76, 219 ; 6^ S. xi. 
265, 298, 331, 372, 418; xii. 173. 357, 467 ; 6*>» S. 
i. 66, 141, 160, 224; ii. 434, 487; iiL 49, 410).— 
Without wishing to take any credit from Mr. 
CuMMiNGS's researches on this subject— which, I 
fear, will have tired your readers ere now — I think 




it only fair to the writer of the article in Mr. G. 
Orove's Dictionary to state that he was in pos- 
session of the information before Mb. Oumminos 
had put pen to paper. 

I haye one little correction to make on Mr. 
OuaiMiNQs's last note, as I observe he describes 
me as saying that the statement that Reading 
composed "Adeste Fideles** rests on the dictam 
of a daughter of Noyello. I said that only on 
Mb. Cumminob's own authority, and I remarked 
thereon that Noyello's critical judgment in such 
matters was far from being conclusive. To that 
opinion I adhere. I am glad to see that Mr. 
OaMMiNos has corrected some of his former dates, 
though he still spells Jeremiah Clark's name as 
Jeremiah Clark did not spell it, preferring, appa- 
rently, the second-hand authority of Dr. P. Hayes 
to that of Clark himself. 

I do not think any one will succeed in 
showing that John Beading of Dulwich was the 
son of John Reading of Winchester, or that either 
of them composed the tune of *^ Adeste Fideles.*' 
-Certainly neither of these propositions has yet 
been proved. Julian Marshall. 

Edmund Cubll, Booksellbb (6^^ S. ii. 484 ; 
iii. 95 ; iv. 98). — So much interest attaches to 
Wesley's poetical epistle to John Dunton, entitled 
Neck or Noihingt that I may be permitted to 
-question whether it is quite correct to say that it 
was written by Samuel Wesley, jun., M. A., " head 
^sher of Westminster School." I think Samuel 
Wesley the younger was elected from Westminster 
to Chnstchurch, Oxford, in 1711, and was admitted 
Bachelor of Arts May 5, 1715. His letter to John 
Dunton was published in 1716. He did not take 
his degree as M. A till April 5, 1718, and I believe 
was only appointed usher at Westminster School 
in that same year, that is, at least two years sub- 
sequent to the publication of his poem. 

Edward Solly. 

Arthur Schopenhauer (6*^ S. iv. 49). — 
E. S. D. may be glad to learn, on the authority of 
Miss Zimmern's Life of Schiypenhauer, that the 
German philosopher was at school at Wimbledon 
from July to September, 1803, and that the name 
of the clergyman with whom he was placed was 
Lancaster. E. Walford, MA 

Hampstead, N.W. 

The clergyman's name was Lancaster. In Dr. 
O winner's Life of Schopenhauer it is stated that 
this gentleman kept a boarding school, and that 
Schopenhauer was placed under his care from July 
to September, 1803, while his parents were travel- 
ling in the northern part of Great Britain. 

H. J. Adams. 

Priory Road, N.W. 

"To RULE THE RING " (6'>^ S. iii. 477).— XlT 
suggests that this phrase arose from bull-baitings 

or cock-fightings. Apropos of this, I would also 
make a suggestion. Sixty years ago, in this town, 
and in several of the Yorkshire towns that I could 
mention, the usual form of a challenge to fight 
was either the shaking or the turning over of the 
bull-ring, which still remains in the market-plaoe. 

W. H. D. 
Skipton, Craven. 

Heraldic (6^ S. iiL 490).— Argent, an oak 
tree growing out of the base proper, surmounted of 
a fess azure, charged with a crescent or between 
two mullets of the field, are the arms of Watson of 
Aberdeen. Papworth (from whose Ordinary the 
above is extracted) does not give the second coat 
as blazoned by the querist, but he mentions 
Ermine three increscents gules, as the coat of 
Symmes [Burke, Gen, Armory, 1878, Symes], of 
Daventry, and Gules, three increscents argent, as 
that of Bunnell. . Frank Beds Fowkb. 

24, Victoria Grove, Chelsea. 

Comets (6*^ S. iv. 3).— The compilers of the 
Saxon Chronicle used to record these. Anno 678, 
" This year the star called a comet appeared in 
August, and shone like a sunbeam every morning 
for three months ; and Bishop Wilfrid was driven 
from his bishopric." Anno 892, '* After Easter, 
about Bogation week or before, the star appeared 
which in Latin is called cometa ; some men • say 
in English that it is a hairy star, because a long 
radiance streams from it, sometimes on the one 
side and sometimes on each side." E. W. B. 

The Efsbworth Bbgibters (6**» S. iv. 6).— A 
full account of these registers, with the most in- 
teresting of the entries of " Ghristeninges, mar- 
riages, and buryalls," and of the items in the parish 
accounts, by the Bev. Prebendary Pearson, will 
be found in voL viii. of the Transactions of the 
Boyal Historical Society. 

John H. Chapman, M.A., F.S.A- 

"A CREATURE OP Christ" (6*^ S. iv. 7). — 
Though I have searched a great many parish 
registers, in only one case have I come across the 
above epithet, and that was in the registers of 
Eaton Bray, co. Bedf., where I found it in the 
Latinized form of Creatura Dei. I was puzzled to 
know the meaning at first, but ultimately con- 
cluded that all such entries related to the burial 
of infants who had not received the sacrament of 
baptism, and consequently had no Christian 
name. The following will serve as a specimen 
entry : " 1655. Creatura dei fiL Jacobi Ash well 
et Alicise uxoris ej: nat: 21* die fifebruarij et 
sepult: 22^ ejusdem mensis." F. A. B. 

Lists op Emigrants (6**» S. iv. 67).— Some 
very useful lists of the founders of the New Eng- 
land colonies will be found in the appendix to a 
work entitled Chief of the Pilgrims ; or^ ^ Life 

t)K a IT. Am. 6, -SI.] 



and Time of William BrwotUr^ by the Rev. A. 
Steele, A.M., Philadelphia, 1857. They comprise 
« liflt of passeDgen in the Mayflower; a list of 
passengers that arrived one year after in the 
second small ship Fortane; a list of those who 
<»me over in the Ann and the Little James ; and 
a list of those entitled to a share in a division of 
-cattle belonging to the colony on May 22, 1627. 
The book itmlf is worth the attention of those in- 
terested in this subject. 

Jomr H. Chapman, M.A., F.S.A. 
88, St. Charles' Square^ W. 

Since the passing of the first Act of Parliament 
(9 Geo. lY., c. 21), in the year 1828, relating to 
passengers in merdiant ships, the master of every 
vessel has been reqaired to deliver a list of his 
fMSsengers to the officers of customs at the port 
of clearance, for transmission to the Emigration 
Oonunissioners. By the Merchant Shipping Act, 
1872, all duties imposed upon the Emigration 
Oommissioners were transferred to the Board of 
Trade, to which department the lists of passengers 
•are now forwarded. 


71, Brecknock Boad, N. 

The Beauchakp Pjedioree (6^ S. iv. 88}.— 
Miss Strickland may thus have designated the 
Bous BoU, in which Anne of Warwick is portrayed. 


"Ihlakd" (e» S. iv. 7).— I do not think that 
the technical sense of 'inland," as it occurs for 
terra domtniooZu, can have been in use so recently. 
The waggoner probably merely meant that he 
had not to do the laborious farm-work on the land 
by the coast, but that he went inland, up the 
•country, with the team of the carrier's waggon. In 
this sense ** inland navigation" means canal or 
river, not sea, traffia For a classical use of the 
phrase there is in Paradise Loet^ x. 422-3 :— 
" The rest were all 
Far to the inland retired.*' 

Ed. Marshall. 

The Orioin of Bakav€lov (6**» S. iiL 470).— I 
am afraid that the derivation of this word which 
had reached the ears of St. Augustine is not 
worth much, but only deserving of a place in 
Prof. Skeat's collection of philological absurdities, 
which I trust we may shortly see published. 
Minshen, in his Guide into tJu Tongues {ed. 1617), 
quotes this derivation, only he is more explicit, as 
he states, " quoniam pdkk^i ras dvias, Le., anxie- 
tates pellit ex animo." He gives idso "the 
accepted derivation," about which, I must say, I 
feel very sceptical, unless there is more evidence 
forthcoming than I have yet seen. Messrs. Lewis 
and 8hort, in their recently issued Latin Diction- 
^; state that "L. bal-neum (contracted from 
baliDeamsjSaAavcioy) stands for bad-neum. 

kindr. with Sanscr. root bad, lavare, se lavare; 
Qerm. Bad ; EngL bath." This apparently is 
more satisfactory, though Liddell and Scott do 
say that BaXav€vs=bathman is " in some way or 
other connected with BaAai/o9=acom." 

F. C. BiREBscE Terrt. 

Scapula (Lex. Or., 1609), after mentioning the 
more common derivation of Pakavitov, gives as 
an dtemative, " Vel quoniam j^aAXce ras avtas, 
id est, anxietates pellit ab animo." This comes 
from the Etymologicum Magnum, in which it is 
stated to be the opinion of some grammarians, but 
is not accepted. Ed. Marshall. 

Coffin Breastplates {6^ S. iiL 226, 396, 
455 ; iv. 76). — By all means let Mr. Hems be " a 
gleaner after time," but let him not be so very 
comprehensive, but confine his gleanings to what 
are really old-world relics. It is, of course, by 
the mischievous restoration of churches, and the 
consequent meddling by greedy workmen with 
eighteenth century intramural interments, that the 
coffin-plates of our immediate ancestors have been 
thrown into the market, but it would be well if 
general collectors would restrain, rather than en- 
courage, such traffic. Propriety would surely 
demand that each successive age should " draw a 
line." In any case I should certainly have the 
greatest pleasure in applying the "pains and 
penalties" mentioned by X. Y. Z. if I found any 
one in possession of the coffin-plates of my 
eighteenth century ancestors, of which plates I 
possess the original drafts. 

Albert Hartshorne. 

The Baopipe in Lincolnshire, &c. (6"» S. ii 
407; iiL 52, 95).— "N. & Q." has contained of 
late several passages as to the Lincolnshire bag- 
pipe. Doncaster is not in Lincolnshire, but it is 
very near thereto. The following extract shows 
that it was the music of the common people in 
that neighbourhood in 1682. I have not made the 
quotation direct from the original, but have taken 
it from the notes to an article on Sir Gervase 
Cutler published in the Bamsley Chronicle of 
February 26:— 

"1682, Dec. 30, Jan. 1, % 3, 4, and 6. There lay at 
my house upon thetc several days Sir Gervase Cutler, 
Jasper Blythman, Mrs. Blythman and her daughter (and 
others which ate named). For music, 1 had two violins 
and a baas from Doncaster that wore my livery, that 
played well for the country; two bagpipes for the common 

{>eople ; a trumpeter and a drummer. The expense of 
iquor, both of wine and others, was considerable, as well 
as of other provisions; and my friends appeared well 
satisfied. I dined two days from home this Christmas; 
one day at Sir Oervase Cutler's, another at my Lord 
Strafford's.— if<mo»r« of Sir John Reresby, of Tkrybergh, 
pp. 67, 74. 



JuLss SiuoN (6^ S. iii. 469}.— There is a copy of 



[6* 8. IV. Au«. «, '81. 

this book Id the London Library, 12, St. Jamei's 
Square, S.W. Edward H. Marshall, M.A. 

The Publisher op Raleigh's " History of 
THE World '* (e*** S. iv. 56).--Thi8 note of a book 
in 111 J posaession may be an interesting illustration 
of Mr. E. T. Dunn's note ;— 

"TernariuB Bezoardicorum efc Hemftologia ser Tri- 
Txnphvs Yomitorionim Angeli 8ALi£, cum Exxoksi 
Chtmiatrica AndresB Tkhtzilii, ErfuHi, 1618 
(M.DC.XIIX.)." 8vo. old Tellum wrapper. 

In the binding, at the beginning and end, are two 
fragments of an old law document, which seems to 
he the original draft of the deed of agreement with 
the publisher of Raleigh's History of the World. 

First fragment:— 
'Mntituled historiam 

of the world...... 

prefertur per prefaium Wa 

conscriptum et per 

formam predictam ad 

. . iam predictus Walterus " 

Second fragment : — 
*' cum omnibus ordinibus et expenais tam in trac . 
librum predictum parat. ad impressionem qaam in . 
illis ac omnibus dampnis anglice losses ratione ut . 
prefertur habendemlis {sic) sive sustinendis prius . 
ct defaccat (mc), uc lioet predictum Willelmum S. . 
per asstgnaiionem anglice by the appoyntment .'' 

On looking at it again I am sorry to see that 
the end of the book with the second fragment lias, 
by some unknown means, departed since the above 
was copied. Thomas Kbrslaeb. 


"Jingo'' (5i»» S. x. 7, 96, 456 ; 6^ S. i. 284 ; 
ii. 95, 167, 176, 335 ; iii. 78).— It is asked by 
Mr. Edward H. Marshall, "What is the 
earliest occurrence of the expletive * By Jingo ' in 
English literature? I am not able to trace it 
further back than Miss Caroline Wilhelmina 

Skeggs.** And Mr. Mathew writes, " Can any 
one give me instances of the early occurrence of 
the formula *By Jingo' in English literature?'' 
At 5^ S. X. 456 there is reference to the 1842 edition 
of Don Quixots, I hope the following memorandum 
may prove interesting to your correspondents. I 
bought the anonymous Satyrs upon the Jesuits 
written in the Year 1679, &c., "the second edition^ 
more corrected," published in 1682, and found the 
clue to its author, John Oldham, in L D' Israeli's 
Curiosities of Literature (see the article " Hell "). 
He writes, "Oldham most ever have readers 
among the curious in our poetry," and that it is 
" a work which would admit of a curious com- 
mentary." In these observations I can fully 
concur. Now in the fourth Satyr^ p. 89, the 
second and third lines read : — 
" When spiritual Jugglers their chief Mast* ry shew : 
Ney Jingo Sir* / What 's this ? 'tis Bread you see." 

I refrain from giving the context. Should any 
person be anxious to follow up the investigation, 
the book itself will probably be found in the 
British Museum Library. It would appear a very 
possible conjecture that the library of the elder 
Disraeli possessed a copy of it— that famous 
library where his greater son says he was born, 
and where we can believe he may have read the 
lines himself. Through a strange coincidence, I 
am indebted to an article in his father's works for 
this discovery of an early use of the word by Old- 
ham— "Jingo," so connected with the popular 
history of Lord Beaconsfield. 

W. Frazer, M.R.LA. 

Mowbray and Albini Families (6*^ S. ii. 389 ; 
iii. 32, 489; iv. 96).— The Albini and Mowbray 
pedigree in Thomas Blore's Rutland starts with 
Roger de Albini and Avicia de Mowbray, parents 
of the above Nigel Mowbray. 

Roger de Alblni==ATicia de Mowbray. 

Ist, Matilda=WilIiam de Albini, son of Roger (il^on.=2nd, Adeliza, 
Anff., 1 693) ; Piccerna Regis {tb.. 339) ; widow of 
given honour of Arundel ('b.) ; Earl of Henry I. 
Ohicbester {ib., 592); Earl of Arundel 
(iY..,693); ob. 1176, 


Oliva, Bister of William, Earl Nigel 

of Chichester, and wife of Mowbray 

Ralph de Haia {Mon, Aug., {Mon. 

i. 592); sister of William, Af>g.,L 

Earl of Arundel [ib., 593). 593). 

Nigel. OliTor. 

William, Earl of Aruudel^Matilda. 
and of Sussex, ob. 1222. 

Oliva, dau. of William, Earl of 
Arundel {Mon, Ang., i. 593). 





William, Earl of Sussex=:=Mabel. 

Nigel and Oliver, the two eldest sons of William 
de Albini, seem to have died s.p, vitd patris. 

May I hazard a conjecture that Oliva is wrongly 
placed in this pedigree as daughter of Roger de 
Albini, and that she was really his grand-daughter, 
and identical with the Oliva of the next generation ? 

In the Liber Niger is a ^' Carta Willelmi de 

Albini, Pincernse Regis," whose wife is "filia Rogeri 
Bigod," and who is clearly identical with the first 
William de Albini of the pedigree, Nigel's brother. 
But Hearne has a note in locOy in which he states 
that the father of this William, Pincema Regis, 
was William (not Roger, as in the pedigree), citing 
Dugd., Bar., i. ll%"|^zS8?) ^^^^®^^' Willelmo de 

C<*&iy. Auo.6,'8I.} 



Albineio (patri Willelml nostri) comiti Arundelise, 
filiam exstitiflse Oliraia nomine, quse nnpta faerifc 
Badulpho de Haya." Surely this William de 
Albini, father of Oliya, was not *^ pater WiUelmi 
nostri/' but ^' Willelmas noster" himself, viz., the 
William of the carta. Moreover, in the same carta 
Comes de Hon is mentioned as having married 
''filia Comitis ArundeL" Heame is no doubt 
right when he takes this Gomes de Hon to be the 
Balph, Earl of Haya, who married Oliya de Albini, 
as aoove. But if so, her father must have been 
Earl of Arundel ; whereas, according to the pedi- 
gree, it is her brother William who first had the 
honour and title of Arundel in gift from Henry II. 
If we may but suppose that William, Aeoond 
Earl of Arundel and Earl of Sussex, bore also his 
father's title of Earl of Chichester, the difficulty 
vanishes ; and Oliva, wife of Ralph de Haya, and 
sister of the Earl of Arundel and Chichester, 
transmigrates into Oliva, her niece in the pedigree, 
and daughter of William, Earl of Arundel. 
William, second Earl of Arundel, died in 1222. 
His son's wife Mabel is stated in the pedigree to 
have died before her brother Ranulph, '^ who died 
1 132." Ought not this to be 1232 ? Mabel could 
hardly have died ninety years before her father- 
in-law. R. H. C. F. 

Thb Picts a Scandinavian People [?] (6*** 
S. iii. 389, 516).— M H. R.'s " curious little book" 
appears to be compiled from Holinshed's Chroni- 
c£u, or from the same sources as that book, a 
principal one of which is '*The Description of 
ScotlfiU[ide, written at the first by Hector Boethus 
in Latin, and afterwarde translated into the 
Scottish speech by John Bellendon, Archdeacon of 
Murrey, and now finally into English, for the bene- 
fite of such as are studious in the Histories, by 
W[illiam] H[arrison].'' In this veracious history 
the origin of the Scotch is traced up to Gathelus, 
''a noble man among the Greeks " in the days of 
MoseSy who married a daughter of Pharaoh named 
Scota. For parallel passages to those quoted by 
M. H. R. about Argyleshire, the Britons, the 
Picts, &C., see ool. 2, p. 5, and onwards. R. R. 
BoBtoD, Lincolnahire. 

RoTAL Naval Biographies (5^ S. xii. 488; 
6«^S. i. 102, 605; ii. 138; iiL 293, 336, 438).— 
In reply to D. W.'s request (which I have only 
just seen) for information as to where he can find 
accounts of the expeditions of George, Earl of 
Cumberland in the sixteenth century, I will 
inform him that Sir William Monson's Naval 
^Voctf, London, printed for A. So J. Churchill, 
1V03, contains : '* The Expedition to Portugal, 
anno 1689"; ** The Earl of Cumberland's Voyage, 
anno 1589**; "The Earl of Cumberhind's Voyage 
to the Coast of Spain, anno 1591 "; " The Earl of 
Cumberland to the Coast of Spain and Island, 

anno 1597"; "The Bari of Cumberland's Voyage 
to the Island of Puerto Rico, 1586." Sir William 
Monson served under the Earl of Cumberland and 
chronicles what he had a perional knowledge of. 
Burchett's Complete Etetoi-y of the [recent ?] Trans- 
actioni at Sea (London, mdccxx.) also contains a 
brief account of the Earl of Cumberland's expedi- 
tions. Lldiard's Naval History of England, vol i. 
(London, mdccxxxv.), contains a full account of 
the earl's several expeditions. I have a number 
of books besides, giving some account of the earl 
and his expeditions, but doubtless those noted will 
be sufficient for your inquirer. 

G. H. Prbblb. 
Brookline, Mass., U.S. 

"GurriN"' (6*»»S. iL 448; iii. 94).— The form 
gvff is not merely a Cumberland word ; it is quite 
common in the speech of Lowland Scotland. It 
expresses thorough contempt, and is meant to cut 
more deeply than such descriptive terms as "block- 
head" and "simpleton." Not long ago a pug- 
nacious father, distressed at his son's discomfiture 
in single combat, was heard to exclaim, with 
withering scorn, " Ye muckle guff, to stand there 
hingin' your head like a bulrush ! " 

Thomas Batnb. 

As a native of Cumberland I may, I think, 
venture to assert, in spite of the authority of 
Messrs. Wright and Halliwell, that neither guff 
nor guffiit is a Cumberland word, nor is it to be 
found in Mr. Dickinson's Oloseary for that county. 

B. J. 

Negro Slaves in Greece (6**» S. iii. 430).— 
The Greeks kept black slaves, and apparently for 
the same reason that English ladies used to keep 
black pages, for Theophrastus says, Charaet^s, xxi., 
TTcpt fiLKpOKf>iXoTifuas — /cttt cxTtucXry^^i'at 8c, 
otrti}^ auTcJ) 6 cLKoXovdos Aidloxp ia-raL See 
Becker's CharicleSf and J. A. St. John's Ancient 
Greece, vol. iiL 33. 

Edward H. Marshall, M.A. 

Library, Claremont, Hastings. 

The Devil and the Best Htmn Tunes 
(6*** S. ii. 369 ; iii. 16). —The following passage, 
from the Break of Day in the Eighteenth Century, 
lately published by Mr. Cyprian T. Rust, may be 
worth reprinting in " N. & Q.'* as a solution of 
the question asked a century and a half ago by 
the Wesleys, " Why should the Devil have all 
the best tunes to himself?" — 

** Does any one know what were the < best tunes ' in 
the year 1710, when hymns began to be sung, and when 
in 1740 Charles Wesley wanted them for some of his 
peouliar metres ] Some of the best of them, we are told, 
appeared in the Beggan' Opera, 1727. The best were 
perhaps those of Parcell. One thing is apparent, the 
differeoce between saored and secalar music at that time 
was not such as it is now. The most popular airs were, 
in a minor key; when sung rery slowly they had a most 




lagnbrioui and fonereal soand: there, .howover, lay 
their great charm. They were eet to words fall of 
buffoonery and roytterhig merriment ; or, alaa I some- 
times eoTert, sometimes gross indecency. The gnje 
faces and tones of the singers gaye pungency to the 
madness of the song. I fear that Tery few of them 
could be nsed with safety at the Society's meetings. All 
who have studied the history of music know that the 
dote of the last century was the Tery crisis of its new 
birth. Dr. Watts lived just before the morement began, 
before the arrival of Handel in 1710 : he died fifty years 
before Haydn, who was the main instrument of this re- 
generation. The Countess of Huntingdon used her in* 
fluence with Qiardini, the celebrated Tiolinist,to get one 
or two new tunes written, 'Moscow' among the rest. 
Tomaso Giordina, another Italian artist, composed 
scTeral tunes ; the tune caUed ' Cambridge ' is mentioned 
as one of them. Miss Ford, an accomplished Irish young 
lady of great musical talent and skill as a vocaUtt and a 
composer, was also pressed into the service. Most un* 
fortunately, the attended a drawing-room meeting at 
liiidy Huntingdon's, and. without warning, she witnessed 
the tones and gestures of her ladyship in prayer. They 
were acknowledged to be singular. The young lady was 
so convulsed with laughter that she made a diBturoanee 
in the meeting. Peace was made at last by the composi- 
tion of a tune for the difficult metre, ' All ye that pass 
by, to Jesus draw nigh.' " 

E. Walpord, M.A. 
Hampstead, N.W. 

QuBRiKS BT Jeremt Tatlor (6*** S. ii. 612 ; 
ilL 71). — Is not Ohurton wroofir in ascribiDg Con- 
tempkUions to Nieremberg ? I have an imperfect 
copy of an early edition, and after an address to 
the reader by B. Hale, D.D., is the following pre- 
face: — 

" Candid Reader, — The most learned and pious Jeremy 
Taylor, D.D., late Lord Bishop of Down and Connor 
in Ireland, left these Holy Contemplations, in the 
hands of a worthy friend of his, with a full purpose to 
have printed them if he bad lived. But since it hath 
pleased God, to take that devout and holy person to him- 
self, (the better to advance Devotion and Sanctity of Life, 
and to make men less in love with this frail Life, and 
more with that which is etemaU it is thought fit to 
make them publick. I beseech God to conduct us all 
ihence, by the many hielps and assistances which he 
hath been graciously pleased to afford us, and to further 
ns in Piety and Holiness of Life, is the Prayer of thy 
Friend, • *'Robeht HAaais,'^ 

Wm. Frselove. 

Bury St. Edmunds. 

Old Houses with Secret Chambers (5** S. xii. 
248, 312; 6*»» S. ii. 12, 117, 295, 433, 523; iii. 96). 
— At HarDLDgton Hall, near Cbaddesley- Corbet, 
Worcestershire, there is a mansion of the time of 
Henry YIIL, which belonged then, as it does 
now, to a Catholic family, and has several curious 
hiding-places where priests were concealed in the 
reigns of Elizabeth and James I. One of these, 
which I saw a short time since, can only be 
entered by lifting one of the wooden steps of the 
stairs, and is a Tery gloomy recess. On its floor 
still remain relics of a mat of rashes on which 
refugees reclined as they best ooaId« This massive 
pile of red brick is now bare of furniture, except 

one room for the housekeeper. It is moated 
round, and Lady Mary Yate, widow of Sir John 
Tate, Bart, of Buckland, Berks, who is sud, as 
lady of the manor, to have resided here for sixty- 
five yean, successfully defended the house against 
the attack of a Kidderminster mob who had come 
to pillage the mansion in the time of James II. 
She died in 1696 at the age of eighty-nine, and 
was buried in Cbaddesley ChurcL 

Birtsmorton Court, in the Mtdvem district, is 
another old moated manor-house, once belonging 
to the Nanfans, but now the residence of a farmer^ 
which had a secret chamber entered by a door in 
the wainscoting of the dining-room, recently 
turned into a closet for stores. It communicatea 
with the side of the moat ; and in a recent publi- 
cation on Mcdwm Chase, by the Rev. W. S. 
Symonds, this recess, it is said, once sheltered Sir 
John Oldcastle in the reign of Henry Y. Accord- 
ing to the work mentioned, other persons were 
concealed here in the troublous times of the Wars 
of the Roses. Edwin Lees, F.L.S. 


John Evelyn mentions in his Diaryf under date 
August 23, 1678, Ham House at Weybridge, in 
Surrey, belonging to the Duke of Norfolk, as 
having some of these secret chambers. "My 
Lord, leading me about the house, made no scruple 
of showing me all the hiding places for Popish 
priests, and where they said Masse; for he was 
no bigoted Papist." The house, I may add» 
appears, from Mr. James Thome's Handbook to 
the Enmroru of London^ to have been built no 
earlier than the reign of Charles IL, so that 
probably it is almost the latest example of the 
kind. E. Walford, M.A« 

Hampstead, N.W. 

Let me add Bochym, an interesting old house 
between Helston and the Lizard ; also Cothele, in 
the parish of Calstock on the Tamar. 


" Drat "=Squirrel's Nest (6*^ S. iiu 449 ; iv. 
78).— TopselPs Hist, of Foure-footed Beasts, 1607, 
also has, '* [Squirrels] build them nests (which in our 
countrey are called Drayes)" and says they store 
fruits and nuts, ''euen so much as their little 
Dray will holde" (pp. 667-8). Hence the term 
would appear to have been genersd. Dray and 
draw^ according to Parish, are still used in Sussex, 
and Miss G. Jackson gives drat^ as Shropshire. As 
a possible aid to the explanation of the term, I 
add from the Book of St, Albans, " And we shaU 
say that howkys [for hawkys] doon draw when 
they here tymbering to their nestes, and nott they 
held ne make ther nestes." Br. Nicholson. 

. The Pronunctation op " Gibraltar " : " Tra- 
falgar" (6**» S. il 406 ; iii. 56).— The following 
passage from Marlowe may prove of interest with 




TCfereDce to the spellLog a&d pronnnclation of 

Qibmltar in the sixteenth century :— 
"The gaUeye and those pilling brigan dines. 
That jearly soil to the Venetian gulf. 
And hover in the Straits for Christian wreck, 
Shall lie at anchor in the isle Asant, 
Until the Persian fleet and men of vrar, 
Sailing along the oriental eea, 
Have fetched about the Indian continent, 
Eren from Pereepolis to Mexico, 
And thence unto the straits of Jvhalter ; 
Where they shall meet and join their force in one. 
Keeping in awe the bay of Portingale, 
Andtdl the ocean by the British shore." 

Tamburlaine the Great, III. iii. 


I woald add two farther instances for the cor- 
rect pronunciation of Trafalgar : — 

'* Oft did be mark the scenes of yanished war, 
Actium, Lepanto, fatal Trafalgar." 

Child* Harold, M 40. 
" And launched that thunderbolt of war 
On Egypt, Hafnia, Trafalgar." 

In trod, to Jfarmion, 
Flympton St. Mary, South Devon. 

The proper Arabic spelling would be Jibal-al- 
Tarik. E. S. Gharmock. 


Thatched Ghurches (6**» S. ii. 447 ; iil 56). 
—In answer to S. T. S. I beg to give the follow- 
ing list of thatched churches in Suffolk :— Ashby ; 
Bamby ; Barsham ; Gove, North ; Gove, South ; 
Goney- Weston ; Eriswell ; Icklingham, St. 
James ; Icklingham, All Saints ; Fritton ; Hop- 
ton, St. Margaret ; Bingsfield ; Eushmere, St. 
Michael ; Middleton ; Sapiston ; Thelnetham. 
There' are most likely many in Norfolk, and I 
dare say some in Essex. • William Deake. 

Hhitlesham Rectory, Ipswich. ' 

These churches appear from the lists published 
in " N. & Q." to be peculiar to the counties of 
Suffolk and Norfolk, and it is interesting to note 
that Bloomfield, in his Farmeir^s Boy, alludes to 
this characteristic of the churches of his native 
county (Suffolk). In " Autumn," lines 82, 83, he 
says, referring to a Tillage church :— 

*' The rude intelligence of poverty 
Beigns here alone : else why that roof of str^w 1 " 

It is singular that a county which can boast of such 
magnificent town churches as those at Lowestoft, 
Hadleigh, Lavenbam, Stoke Nayland, &c., should 
yet be notorious for the meanness of its village 
churches. I may mention, to be quite correct, 
that the parish church of South Gore, near South- 
wold, has the nave only covered with thatch ; the 
chancel is plane-tiled. W. E. Tate, F.E.H.S. 
Worplesdon, Guildford. 

In Norfolk several thatched churches are not 

only standing, but also in congregational use, 
viz., Eaton, and Little Melton, and Marlingford — 
all within six miles of Norwich ; and I believe 
others are still to be found in the county. 

T. S. N. 

In 1864, when in Gheshire, I noticed that Eost- 
herne Ghurch had the nave thatched. 

W. G. P. 

« Eight away " {6^ S. iL 223, 416 ; iiL 77).— 
I thought this was an Americanism. A New 
York politician, an ultra-Democrat well known 
in his day, gave me an account of his calling 
on his minister in London for a passport for 
France. When he called the minister was nob 
up, BO he took a walk, called again, and then had 
to wait some time. When the minister ap* 
peared he said to him, " You get up very late, Mr.. 
Everett.'* The reply was, ''Yes, sir, the habit» 
of London life keep us up very late at night.'^ 
He told his business; Mr. Everett filled up 
the passport and handed it to him, saying, " Now, 
sir, you must take this to the French ambassador's 
right away for him to sign it." He answered,, 
" Yes, sir, but did you say right atoay f " " Yes, 
sir, right away" said Mr. Everett. The New* 
Yorker said, ''Then, Mr. Everett, that's all I 
have ever seen or heai^l of America since I entered 
your doors.'' Ellceb. 


The Gbndbb or Death (6* S. iL 448 ; iiL 93)» 
— Lacroix, in Les Arts au Moyen Age, p. 282, 
and Vie Militaire et Religietise, describes Or- 
cagna's frescoes at Pisa as representing " les quatre 
fins de I'homme," Death, Judgment, Hell, and 
Paradise, each of which compositions comprisea 
sevenil scenes, the "Dream of Life" and the 
" Triumph of Death " forming, as it appears, the 
two parts of Death. In Lacroix's chromo-litho- 
graph of the " Dream of Life " there is no represen- 
tation either of an old woman or an old mao, and 
in that of the " Triumph of Death " an old hermit 
appears with a long white beard and a scroll, as if 
pointing the moral. There is no old woman in this^ 
subject, as Mr. E. H. Marshall states, and it ia 
by no means evident that Death is specially repre- 
sented by the old hermit ; this part of the allegory 
is, indeed, sufficiently marked by the ghastly^ 
decaying figures in the three open coffins. The 
picture, considered on its merits as representing 
the triumph of death, falls somewhat short of the 
mark, for, strictly speaking, there is much more 
of life than of death in it, and it may be that 
Orcagna had a somewhat different allegory in his 
mind when he painted it. A. H. 

LitUe Ealing. 

" The Blub Bonnets over the Border " (6'^ 
S. ii. 346, 437, 454 ; iil 72).— Your correspondent 
from the North may be quite right in saying that 



[O**- S. IV. Acq. 6, »81. 

it is inexcasable in any of your contributors not 
to know that Sir Walter Scott wrote the song 
from which the lines quoted are taken. But he 
would have been more exact bad he said that 
Scott wrote a song with this title, seeing that a 
very much more remarkable production with a 
similar refrain had been in existence for ages 
before Scott's time ; the same, no doubt, as that 
which Sir Walter Scott took as his model. 

The piece in question is entitled LuUy's March 
to Scotland, The hero was that David Lesley who 
eommauded a division of the Parliamentary army 
at Marston Moor. The song is evidently the com- 
position of some Cavalier wit of no mean genius. 
Hogg, the Ettrick Shepherd, when he first met 
with it, thought it might be a clever parody by 
Burns on another song of the same period and 
style, namely, Lesley's March to LongmarsUm 
Moor ; but he ultimately satisfied himself that it 
was old. His verdict upon the song was that it is 
'' the very essence of sarcasm and derision, and 
possesses a spirit of energy for which we may look 
in vain in any other song in existence." Here is 
the first verse ; making allowance for a few rough 
phrases, it is excellent throughout : — 

'* March, inarch, pinks of Election, 
Why the devil don't you march onward in order 1 
March, march, dogs of Redemption, 
Ere the Blue Bonnets come over the Border." 

Hogg's Jacobite Belies, Piret Series, pp. 5, 168, 

It may be observed that Scott says, in The Monas- 
tery, that the ditty there given was sung " to the 
ancient air * Blue Bonnets over the Border.'^' It is 
most probable that Scott was correct, and that 
there was a tune — perhaps a song — of that name 
long before the Commonwealth, and about the 
period embraced in Sir Walter Scott's story, that 
is, the Reformation. 

Alex. F£;rous8on, Lieut. -CoL 

«The Land o' the Leal'* (6«» S. i. 18, 137; 
ii. 51. 116, 350,409, 477; iii. 98).— In reading 
the Fortunate Shepherdess of Boss of Lochlee, I 
have found an expression which I am sure will 
interest M. P., whose elaborate and excellent reply 
to the query I put as to this song appeared in 6^ 
S. L 137. In speaking of what we may call the 
apotheosis of the adjective leal, M. P. says of Lady 

'* It was probably she who, discerning the capabilities 
•of the simple adjective, lef c alone by its kindred in the 
northern dialect, conferred upon it immortality by form- 
ing it into a collective noun— ^A« leal — and applying it to 
* the spirits of just men made perfect.' " 

In the Fortunate Shepherdess a practical father 
thus urges his son, who is like to prove somewhat 
of a laggard in love :— 

'* Ye maun mak o'er her, kiss her o'er and o'er, 
• Say ye 're in love, and but her cannot covr ; 
But, for her sake, maun view the lands o' leal. 
Except she pity and your ailment heal." 

Ross's dates are 1699-1784. The FoHunate 
Shepherdess appeared in 1768, when the future 
Lady Nairne was bub two years old. 

Thomas Batnb. 

Helensburgh, N.B. 

Galatians iil 19, 20 (6*^ S. i. 253 ; iii. 75).— 
It should not be forgotten that the present Bishop 
of Durham, in his Commentary on Galatians, 
remarks, " The number of interpretations of this 
passage are said to mount up to 250 or 300." He 
sums up the question briefly by " giving that 
which appears to him the most probable": — 

" Ver. 20. No mediator can he a mediator of ofte. The 
very idea of mediation supposes two persons at least, 
between whom the mediation is carried on. The law 
thus is of the nature of a contract between two parties, 
God on the one hand, and the Jewish people on the 
other. It is only Talid so long as both parties fulfil the 
terms of the contract. It is. therefore, contingent and 

not absolute Bw< God (the River of the promise) is one. 

Unlike the law, the promise is absolute and uncon- 
ditional. It depends on the sole decree of God. There 
are not two contracting parties. There is nothing of 
the nature of a sUpulation. The givor is everything, 
the recipient nothing. Thus the primary sense ot * one 
here is numerical. The further idea of unchangeable- 
ness may, perhaps, be suggested ; but if so, it is rather 
accidental than inherent' 

Ed. Marshall. 

Female Soldieks and Sailors (6*^ S. iiL 144, 
297 ; iv. 90).— I heard a good deal of the Kurdish 
she- chieftain inquired after by your correspondent 
when I was with the army at Constantinople. 
She served on the Danube with Omer Pasha. 
She \tent by the name of the "Black Virgin," for 
her features were swarthy and by no means lovely. 
Major Leveson (the "Old Shekarry "), who was on 
Omer Pasha's staff, knew her very well, and gave 
me an account of her, but I cannot now recall 
particulars. E. Leaton Blemkinsopp. 

The Physical Club (6«» S. ii. 309, 473 ; iii. 
116).— There is a tolerably detailed account of 
this institution in Dr.B. LyalPs CharacUr of the 
Russians, 4to. London, 1823, p. 27. 

Alex. Beazelet. 

Authors of Quotations Wanted (6**^ S. iii, 

449, 498).— 

" The woman of mind.** 
It is much more probable, I think, that Lsx refers to 
the well-worn song of this name than to any extract from 
the decidedly later production of Owen Meredith. The 
song — of which I append the four opening lines — is 
eertainly meritorious, and it would be as interesting as 
it is desirable to determine its authorship. Hut how can 
this be effected 1 I possess several copies— one with 
music by Jonathan Blewitt— but find attached to each 
and all the indefinite, insufficient, and tantalizing 
" Anon." It begins,— 

" My wife is a woman of mind ; 

And Deville, who examined her bumps. 
Vows that never was found in a woman 
Such large intellectual lufQp«»^&fit /-s.1 a> 

Digitized by ViOO^lC^ A. 




(6th 8. iT. 69). 

<' I could forgiTe him all the blame." 

Perhaps O. F. S. E. hae in hia mind the lines of 

Tennyson to Christopher North, which appear in the 

Poems, 1833, but have been omitted in subseqnent 

editions. They are as follows :— 

*' Yon did late review my lays. 
Crusty Christopher ; 
You did mingle blame and praise. 

Rusty Christopher. 
When I learnt from whom it came, 
I forgaTe you all the blame. 

Musty Christopher ; 
I could not forgiTe the praise, 
Fusty Christopher." 

E. S. Shuckburgh. 

** But if hosen nor shoon thou never gare nean 
Every night and awle ; 
The whinnes slutll prick thee to the bare beane 
And Christ receive thy sawle." 

The abore is, I have no doubt, the passage which your 
correspondent inquires after. It occurs in the remark- 
able Yorkshire soul dirge preserved by John Aubrey in 
his Remainet of OtntUUme and Judaitnu (Folk-lore 
8ocleW), p. 31. It has been printed many times, e. g.. 
Sir Walter ScotVs Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border, 
ed. 1861, ii. 136-42; Arehceoloaia, zxxvi. 152; J. C. 
Atkinson's Olossary of the Cleveland Dialect, 595 ; John 
Brand's Popular Antiquities, ed. 1813. ii. 180; W. J. 
Thome's Anecdota and Traditions (Camd. Soc.}, 89; 
Myrc's Instructions for Parish Priests, edited by £. 
Peacock (E.E.T.S.), 90. Edward Psaoock. 

(6«h S. iv. 90.) 
" Totus componitur orbis,'* &c. 
This is an incorrect quotetion from C. Claudiaiu Dt 
Quarto Cons, Sonorii Paneg,, 1. 299 : — 

*' Tunc observantior sequi 
Fit populus, neo ferre negat quum viderit ipsum 
Auctorem parere sibi. Componitur orbis 
Regis ad ezeroplum : nee sic inflectere sensus 
Humanos edicta vmlent, ut yita regentis." 
The lines are correctly given in Adam Dickinson's edition 
of the old Oradus ad Parnassum, s.v, " Rex/' Edinb., 
A.D. 1816, but the author is not given. £. A. P. 



Domesday Studies: an Analysis and t>ige»t of the 
Staffordshire Survey, By Rev. Robert W. Eyten. 
(SteiTord, Joseph Halden.) 
The historian of Shropshire is specially qualified by his 
previous researches to interpret and illustrate the 
Domesday survey of the adjoming county of Stefford, 
and his Dwesi brings to light a mass of new information. 
The chief interest of these Domesday Studies to the 
general reader consists in their enabling us to compare 
the England which was conquered by tiie Normans 
vrith the country in which we are living. Stafford- 
shire, which is now a hive of industry and mine of 
wealth, was in 1086 one of the poorest of English 
counties — sparsely populated and partially cultivated. 
Ite abject condition at that period can best be estimated 
by comparing it with Dorset— which is a smaller county, 
as it only contains 633,000 acres, whilst Staffordshire 
includes 740,0i0 acres. The collective revenues of 
Staffordshire were only 508/. 16f. a year, whilst the 

rente of the smaller countv of Dorset amounted to 
8,860/. a year ; so that land m Dorset was nearly seven 
times more valuable than in Stoffordshire. The survey 
distributed counties in hides for the purpose of te.xation, 
and the average hide of Dorset oontuned 210 acres, bufc 
the Staffordshire hide conteined nearly 1,437 acres, 
which shows how small a weight of taxntton the Mid- 
land county was capable of bearing. One- third of Stef- 
fordshire was moorland, which was omitted altogether 
from the survev as not being worth valuation; and 
more than one-half of the surveyed lands were wood- 
lands, which were exclusively used for purposes of 
chase and warren. The single oakwood was in Earl 
Rogers's manor at Shipley, and was only ten acres in 
extent Burton Abbey was the only monastic house in 
the county, but there were four collegiate churches 
besides the cathedral at Lichfield, and more than one- 
fifth of the county belonsred to the church. The king^s 
revenues amounted to 152/. 9s., and the rental of the 
church was 70/. 2s. The remaining 286/. 5«. was dis- 
tributed as follows :— The fief of Robert de Stafford, the 
great landowner of the county and the constable of 
Stafford Castle, was valued at 123/. 6«. Sd. per annum. 
Earl Roger and his son Hugh had 84/. 15«., and 
William Fitz Ansciilf had 38/. 19f. per annum. Five 
other barons had 12/. 17«. per annum between them, 
and the twenty manors which some fourteen English 
thanes had managed to save from the wreck were 
worth 8/. lis. per annum. Mr. Eyton has proved 
by internal evidence from the record itself that 
Staffordshire, Warwickshire, Oxfordshire, and North- 
amptonshire were surveyed by the same set of com- 
missioners, and that in each county some of the original 
returns were misplaced by the clerks of the exchequer 
who were employed in codifying them. Drayton, in 
Oxfordshire, the fief of Turchil de Arden, was, by a 
mistake of this kind, misplaced in SUffordshire, which 
misled Dugdale into supposing that the place intended 
was Dravton Bagsett, and in conieqaence the baronial 
house of Bassett has been hitherto deduced from an 
ancestor who never existed in the flesh. 

Les Litteratures Populaires de toutes Us Nationt. 

— Tome I. Littiruture Orale de la Haute- Bretagne. 

Par Paul S6billot. (Paris, Maisonneuve & Co.) 
Instruction is a very valuable thing, we grant; railways 
are elements of happiness which we could not easily 
dispense with ; macadamized roads strike us as incom- 
parably better than the most picturesque lanes, which, 
dt^epite all their beauty, are perfectly impassable in 
winter; but since the progress of civilization has 
brought along with it excursion trains, easy and cheap 
locomotion, and board schools, there is no doubt that 
the characteristic features of the various races of men 
have disappeared, that historical and poetical traditions 
are fast vanishing, and that at no distant period few 
monumente indeed will be left of primitive literary 
curiosities. We question very much whether Sir Walter 
Scott would have been able to collect in the year of . 
grace 1881 the ballads and songs which seventv years 
ago made up the Minstreby of the Scottish Border ; we 
doubt if a tolerably complete series of German m&i-chen 
would be possible now; and it is quite evident to us that 
if M. S^billot hnd waited much longer his delightful 
little volume might never have appeared. It is a most 
intorestin|; anthology of tales, legends, and proverbs of 
Breton origin, illustrated with notes and preceded by an 
introduction or avant-propo* full of curious deteils, com- 
pleted by special prefaces for the several parts of the 
book. In Upper Britteny, as in most other localities, the 
inhabitants of rural districts and villages used in dave 
gone by to meet under different pretexts for the purpose 




of bearing anecdotes, singlnx ballads, and proposing to 
eacb otber puzzles of a facetioas or moral coaracter. 
Tbere were the fitouat or filatid«riet, consisting of 
aometimes as many as forty or fifty persons, assembled 
together ostensibly in order to spin; the veiUouat or 
•Toning reunionif deroted to amusements in the way of 
singing «r dancing ; the er%»seriet, where ** young men 
and maidens" helped each other in preparing flax; the 
cuueria de pommd, for the making of a kind of apple 
marmalade. All these gatherings idBTorded opportunities 
for the narrating of wonderful stories, and almost 
uniTersally concluded with the regular old type of 
country dances. As M. S^billot Tery well remarks, it is 
not always easy for an archssologist to collect local 
traditions and to make himself acquainted with the 
treasures of what may be called oral literature. He 
requires both perseyerance and tact. He must possess 
the art of ingratiating himself with the peasantry, of 
appealing to their ranity, and humouring them as much 
as necan. But once at home amongst these primitiTo 
sons of Adam, the harvest is ready for him, and he has 
nothing to do but to make up his sheaTos. Thus in the 
preface to his Contes Lorraitu M. Gosquin tells us that 
one Tillage alone supplied him with no less than eighty 
narratiyes. During a stay of four months M. B^billot 
collected one hundred tales in a single locality; and in 
another he wrote from dictation two hundred and ten. 
These do not represent by any means the whole popular 
legends of the district. The volume we are now noticing 
is divided into two parts, the former of which comprises 
in its turn five sections, corresponding to the following 
subjects: — («) Fairy tales and wonderful adventures; 
0}) facetisB and anecdotes founded on display of cunning; 
(c) ghost stories, devilry, and witchcraft; (cE) mis- 
cellaneous legends; (<) tales connected with seafaring 
men. Part ii. also is subdivided into five sections as 
follows:— {a) Songs with the varieties of childish 
ditties, dancing or marching songs, love songs, and 
satirical songs; (6) puzzles ; (e) formulsB; (d) proverbs; 
U) jokes, witty answers, specimens of rustic wit, &o. 
M. S^billot has taken care to give in his notes references 
to works on folk-lore in various languages. He has 
also scrupulously recorded the chief parallel legends, 
stories, and traditions which have been for many ages 
enriching the literature of India, Scotland, the southern 
and eastern provinces of France, Germany, &o. Finally, 
the volume for which we are indebted to his learning 
inaugurates in the happiest manner M. Maisonneuve's 
collection " Les Litt^ratures Populaires." 

The Potmt of Lord EerbeH of Cherbury, Edited, with 
an Introduction, by John Churton Collins. (Chatto 
& Windtts.) 
CoLERiDOE said of George Herbert that he was a true 
poet, biit one whose poetic gifts will never be appreciated 
except by those who have sympathy with the mind and 
•character of the man. This is, with due limitation, true 
of all poets except the highest, but especinlly so of those 
like the Herberts, who write not for all men and all 
time, but for those only, or at least mainly, who are on 
the same spiritual level. George's poems have been 
many times reprinted and devoutly read by thousands. 
The first modem edition of Lord Herbert's poems is the 
one beforo ua. There is a striking likeness between 
them. The Herberts were, as Margaret Fuller Ossoli 
remarked, "a race whose spirit had never been broken 
or bartered,'* and each wrote with the fullest in- 
dependence, the priest with the lamp of revelation 
always before him, the peer with the fertile ideas 
of his new philosophy— new at least here in Eng- 
land — influencing the turn of every sentence. It is 
difficult to estimate the relative value of the two poets. 

so much depends on individual conviction as to things 
unseen and the relation of the human soul to God and 
the universe. We know that Lord Herbert was a true 
poet, though his style is almost always quaint and some- 
times absolutely barbarous, but we do not think any fair 
judging person would put him as a poet on a pedestal 
equally high with his brother. The echoes of other 
writers, themselves not of the highest, are too frequent, 
and the fancies, especially in the love poems, too far 
fetched for a great part of the volume to have anything 
beyond an historical interest. When, however, he writes 
his own thoughts naturally, without having before him 
the work of some dead or contemporary master, he at 
times rises to a high degree of beauty. There are few 
passages in the minor poetry of the seventeenth century 
more charming than the sonnet *' made upon the groves 
near Merlon Castle "; and some of the lines in verses on 
platonic love show that if Lord Herbert had not wished to 
teach philosophy he might have risen to a much higher 
level than he ever attained. Mr. Collins has done his duty 
as editor with great judgment, and the book is most beau- 
tifully printed on thick paper, and issued in a parchment 
cover which will delight the eyes of all who are fond of 

The Bbitish 'Abohaologioal Association will hold 
its thirty-eighth annual meeting at Great Malvern, com- 
mencing Monday, Aug. 22. Visits are to be made to 
Worcester and Cheltenham, and the MS. treasures of 
the late Sir Thomas Phillipps will be described by Mr. 
E. M. Thompson, F.S.A., Keeper of the MSS., British 
Museum. Birtamorton, Pickersleigh, Eastnor Castl^ 
Ledbury, Tewkesbury, the Herefordshire Beacon, ttc, 
are among the places of interest to be examined by the 
Congress. The Dean of Worcester, Lord Alwyne Comp- 
ton, is to be President. 

Thb Ivtbrnatioval Litbrart Cohobbss vrill hold its 
fourth session in Vienna, Sept. 20 to 29, under the 
presidency of his Espoellency J. M. Torres Gai'cedo, 
Minister of the Republic of San Salvador in Paris. The 
subjects to be discussed include the progress made 
towards the more effectual protection of authors and 
artists in recent international conventions ; the existing 
condition of German and Russian legislation on copy- 
right; conventions between nations speaking the same 
language, «.a., Great Britain and the United States, 
Portugal and Brazil, &c. The first International Literary 
Congress, held in Paris, 1878, was described in the pages 
of " N. & Q." in an article by Noxad (5^^ S. ix. 501). 

Thb Rev. Kenelm H. Smith, of Ely, has been ap- 
pointed by the Society of Antiquaries of London Local 
Secretary and Correspondent for Cambridgeshire, by 
diploma. • 

iiatitti ta Carttipantienti. 

p. A. L. — ^"Hoc monumentum condendum curarit" or 

Calouttensis.— We sh^U be glad to have the proposed 

J. B. — Derived from Gongora, the Spanish poet, who 
made the style fashionable. 


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a Sermon 


Pteaobed at Whlppingh^m on July M, isn. 
PROTHfcRO, M. A.. Reotor of Whippingham, Uanoa of 
and Chaplain in Ordinary to the Queen. 

** It may be doubted whether tbe death of an eeoledastle ever sailed 
fnrth so many funeral sermons a« have been preaehel on Dean Stanley. 
Canon Protheto's at Wbipplngham, whioh he bae printed at the eom- 
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traoes the seoret of the late Deanli Influence to his moral Iheultles 
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wlU oaamu.'''-moU. 

"The Canon insists *on the dmilarity between the ohaneters of 
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Just published, price St. 9d, 

THE SACRISTY. No. XI. (iVew Series, No. II. 
Edited by B WALrORD, M.A. 
Coii<«ii4c.'-Annsofthe Holy Roman Empire (with Illustrations)— 
An Out-of-the*Way Pilgrimage-Oriental Lltu glee—On the Rise and 
Progress of the Flemish, Italian, and Knglishsobools of Eeeleslastieal 
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H E 


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SOIENCE-Library Table; The Discovery of the Lake Dwellings: 

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New ready, post 8vo. 10#. ^d. 

The LONGEVITY of MAI^ : its Fiusts and 

its Fictions. With a Prefiatory Letter to Prof. Owen, C.&, 
** On Exceptional Longevity : its Limits and Frequency." 
**Mr. Thorns was admirably qualified to perform the task 
which he has undertaken, and he has performed it with signal 
8uccess.....Noonebut Sir George C. Lewis could have under- 
taken such a work with such advantages, and even he could 
not have produced a more practical and intelligent book." 

Lfmo Moffaxitu and iievieio, July, 187S. 
"Bfr. Tbonu has issued anew his Interesting treatise on 
' Human Longevity.' The value of the book is enhanced by 
the addition of an excellent letter, full of humour and shrewd- 
ness, and addrossad to Prot Owen."— iitA«iurum. 

May be had separately, price 1#. post free, 


and Frequency. Considered in a Letter to Prof. Owen, C.B. 

London : F. NORaATS, 1, King Street, Covent GaidMu 
Digitized by LnOOQlC 







NOTBS:— Trinity GoU«ga, Cambridge. In the Seventeenth 
Oentnzy: BeooUections of Dr. Creighton, 121— The Beriaed 
YenioD of the New Testament (ooncladed), 123— Travels in 
the H0I7 Land, 124-A Belie of Old Drary Lane Theatre, 
126— Richard Savage— Shakapeare and Cumberland— Tnr- 
ner'a ** Liber Stadioram"— A Translation of Pmdhomme'a 
••Prifire **— A Frlalc GoUd, 128. 

<iXTBBIE3: — Chiswlck: Gnnnerabmy— '*l£i8tre8S Oryae- 
acreaa"— Sheffield of Butterwlck—" Firebrand " Sdition of 
Begera'a Poema->**To cry the mare"~-Bevett of Brandlaton. 
127-Latin in DipIomacy-StreUy^Weat— ** Noah'a Arlc" 
satfonluhood— Cramer. Bookseller— Mia* Franoea Moor»— 
George Felton Mathew— "A Bat-Byrne "—John Thorpe, 
Architect— A Lion Bampant atmnoantlng a Market CrMa, 
128— Caidlnale Oinaeppe Ugolini— The Antrim Declaration, 
1080 ; and the Whig Club, 00. Down— The Matlock Islands 
— Campbells of Garradale— Authors Wanted, 129. 

KEPLIES :— Newton's lYeatlae on Fluxions, 129— When was 
*' Appointed to be read in Churches" flrat used? 180- 
Gundrad de Warren— An Old Game: *'The devil on two 
•ticks," ISl-Penrith Church: Portraits— The "DevU's 
Drive," 182— Wife SeUing— Old Southwark, 183— Metrical 
Date— Lancashire a *' Modem Creature "— Stalford of Eyam 
—Dice, 134— Domesday Studies— An Epitaph— Centenarians 
—Original M88. of Bobert Bums, 186— *' Half an eye"— 
Hereward le Wake. Ac— The Metrical Version of the Psalms 
—Afternoon Tea, 180— Sir James Luttrell— " Pomatum "— 
Numismatie— ** Cayfoy **— " Brag"— ** A bobbin of thread,** 
187— Hughenden— Bp. Dodgson— " Self-opinUted "— " The 
Tellow Book*— Iwwby Family— "The grey mare." Ac.— 
Tom Brown— Burial in ScoUand. 188— Swift's Verses on his 
own Death— Hessian Boots— "Ezta"— Authors Wanted, 189. 

KOTBB ON BOOKS: — Kay's <* Jean-Francois Millet" — 
Oowest's "Phases of Musical England '' — " Yorkshire 
Arehasologioal and Tqpogrq>hical Journal," Ac 

lYotloes to Oo n espondents, Ac. 


The following letter is presenred in the moni- 
taent room of Trinity OoUege, Gambridge, among 
other papen relating to the history of the college 
which were collected by Thomas Fame (A,B. 1717^, 
A.M. 1721, S.T.B. 1729, S.T.P. 1739), Fellow of 
Trinity and University Librarian. In the index 
to the volume in which it is found' it is described 
by Fame as " Mr. Pains memorandums relating to 
Trin. Coll., collected from y« conversation of Dr. 
Ordghton, relating to the time in w<^ he knew y 
OolL sciL from cire. 1655, &c.'' The writer was 
probably James Paine (A.B. 1718/9, A.M. 1722), 
Fellow of Trinity (1721), and not John Paine 
<A.B. 1690/1, A.M. 1694), also a FeUow of the 
<x>Ilege, because in the admission book I find 
that he entered as a sub-sizar from the Grammar 
School at Wells, the master of which was Mr. 
Oreyghton or Greeton ; and il^ as I suppose, this 
Mr. Greyghton was Robert Greyghton of Trinity 
(A3. 1695/6, A.M. 1699), son of Dr. Greighton, 
Precentor and afterwards Prebendary of Wells, 
it would account for the intimacy wluoh appears 
to have existed between the writer and the doctor, 

and which may have suggested to Pame the in- 
quiries to which the letter is an answer. Dr. 
Creighton died in 1736 at the age of ninety-seven, 
and he is described in the letter as eighty-eight 
years old at the time the conversation took place, 
which therefore was in 1727. Pame was one of 
Bentley's most determined opponents, and it was 
probably for the purpose of gaining information 
which would be of service to him in his opposition 
that he was desirous of gathering the reooUections 
of one who must have been among the very oldest 
members of the college. Dr. Greighton was 
elected to Trinity from Westminster School in 
1655 ; took his degiees of A3. 1659/60, A.M. 1662, 
S.T.P. 1678 ; was elected Fellow in 1659 ; GoUege 
Traveller from Michaelmas 1662 to Ghristmas 
1663 ; Greek Professor from 1666 to 1672.« After 
Michaelmas, 1667, his name disappears from the 
college books. He was the son of Bobert 
Greighton, Bbhop of Bath and Wells. Portions 
of the letter have already been printed. That 
which refers to Bishop Pearson is given in his 
Minor Theologicod JvorJu (ed. Ghurton), vol. i. 
p. cxv, and the paragraph about Dryden was sup- 
plied by me to BCr. Ghristie, and quoted in the 
mtxoduotion to his Selections from Diyden, edited 
for the Glazendon Press Series, p. xvi, note. 

**SiiL,—l took y« fint Opportunity of ieeing Dr. 
Chreighton, beinic glad of eomethinff that lookt like 
BusyneBs to introdaoe me. I have had Intimationi from 
him, that I should be welloome at any time ; but I knew 
that he did not much care for any kind of company, and 
therefore have refrained for more than 12 months. I 
found him very chearfull ; and when I had given him 
an occasion, he fell into a long disoourae about Trin. 
CoU. as it was in his time. I believe he often has thought 
on it w^ pleasure ; for he was very particular in every 
Story he told; and woiUd sometimes say it was y* 
happyest purt of his Life. As to y* Coll. Bowling green ; 
it was much y* same in his time es it is now, Every 
fellow had a key to it wtiH>ut any diitinction of Seniority. 
The Seniors he said, would sometimes come & see a 
Rubbers ; but never offered to molest v* Juniors, or claim 
any Privilege above them. Being asked whether it was 
ever a garden belonging to y* Seniors ; he said, there 
were some banks of Flowers round it; but these were in 
common ; & that he never heard of its having been 
otherwise before his time : every fellow having a key 
because of y* Boggs as well as of y* Qreen. This, w^out 
y* least incouragement from me, drew him on to an 
Encomium on Dr. Pearson (y* Master) whom he said, it 
was a disparagement to call Dr., but it should rather be 
y* Great Pearson. A man saith he, y* least apt to in- 
croach upon any thing that belongd to the fellows ; but 
treated them ul m*^ abundance of Civility and con- 
deacension: The fellows, he has beard, askd him 
whether he wanted any thing in his Lodge, Table linnen 
or y* Like ; no, saith the good man I think not, this, I 
have, will [MS. veil] serve yet ; and tho pressed by his 
wife to have new, especially as it was offered him, he 

* This is the statement in the Camhridgt Calendar, 
In the Alumni Wetttnonattmemet he is said to hare 
been Greek Professor in 1662-3. A note to his name in 
the Ghraduati Canta^Hgiimet says, *<Ling. Grsoo. Prof. 
1672-8/' I I 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 



>S. IV. Aug. 13/81. 

would rcifuse it while y* old wu fit for aee. He wu very 
well contented wi^ what y« Coll. allowed him; w** he 
Tery well remembere to ha^e been 16t. p' week at y* 
Butoher'8 ihop ; but other particulars he did not men- 
tion r only in General, that y* Masterehip waa then 
reckoned a good 6002. p* an*. The fellows Diridend was 
85^ a year, w*** neyer failed: & 10 pound a year be- 
sides, & a chamber. This 10 pound a year he himself 
had while he was Batchelor, but had no D'ly* 'till Master. 
He then gaye au Account of his being made Fellow ; 
w^ was when he was Junior Batchelor, and y* year 
before y* Restauration w*^ happened when he was 
middle Batchelor. He said, he sat for a fellowship as 
all y* Batchelort did, but w^out any Expectation of 
succeeding, haying many Seniors. The Circumstances 
of his being chosen (w*^ indeed I haye heard him tell 
before w<N>ut any Variation) were these. There was at 
that time a Tennis Court, some where about y* place 
where y* Library now stands. As some of y* Scholars 
were at play there, y* Ball was 8t[r]oke by chance in to 
y* Eye of one of them ; whereupon y* Doctor cried out, 
O God, God, y« icholar^s Eiye is stroke out This 
happening not long before y* Election, one of his Com- 
petitors of y* year aboye him (whose name he neyer telli) 
took an occasion from it to accuse him to y* Master (Dr. 
Wilkins) & Seniors as a prophane person, and one that 
daily took God's name in yain ; and as a confirmation of 
it, 'twas added that he neyer came to their priyate 
(praying) meetings. So the Master sent for him when 
all y* Seniors were come together for y* Election, k 
charged him w^ it : examined Dr. Duport his Tutor & 
one of y* Seniors about his Carriage, and sent for others, 
Batchefors, of his acquaintance, who all youched for his 
Sobriety, and that they had never obseryed any thing to 
come out of his mouth, that tended to Propbaneness or 
Blasphemy or y* Like, tho they belieyed he might say 
some such woras in relation to y* Soholars Eye. And 
npon y* whole matter, the Master said, it lookt like 
malice ; and that it did not si^ify much if he neglected 
to come to their priyate meetings, since he neyer failed 
y* public, nor his Tutors Lectures ; and therefore pro- 
posed to y* Seniors, that they would lay aside y* In- 
former & his Adherents, & elect y* accused & his : w^ 
they at his request consented to, k chose him. D* Gale 
(afterwards Dean of York) & D' Hutohiion all of y* same 
Year, Fellows. And y* next day there was a note pri- 
yately nut up in y* Screens, ' He that informed against 
D* Cnchton, (so his name was then spellt ^pronounced), 
deseryes to haye his breech kickt on.'— This y* Doctor 
reckons an instance of j* Master's really disliking y* 
Party he was supposed to be x>f : and saitb, that tho he 
had married Cromwells Sister, he was in his heart a 
true Loyalist [altered to Moyalufl, k had privately sent 
money often times to y* kmg; and allways used his 
Interest w^ Cromwell in fayor of y* royall Party ; who 
whenever he saw him come to him, would first accost him 
thus, What, Brother WilUns, I suppose you are come to 
ask something or other in fayor of y* Malignants 7 And 
one thing in particular, j* Doctor saith, was reckoned to 
be very much owing to him. Cromwell had a design to 
■else y* Rents belonging to y* Universities to pay his 
Army; w«^ the Master understanding went to him ; told 
him, they were no great matter ; that he would lose his 
Honor by such an Action, and yt his concern to haye 
that preserved had engaged him to desire him to for- 
bear : upon w** Cromwell laid aside his design. And 
that y* Master was really well affected to King Charles, 
was made plain, at y* Restauration. For when Dr. 
Fern y* Kings Chaplun came k dispossessed him, he 
was presently made Dean of Ripon. k soon afterwards 
Bp. The Dr. saith he was admitted, when Arrowsmith 
was Master^ a very sickly maD, that seldom came abroadi 

who, as well as Hill his Predecessor k Wilkins his 
Successor, was put in by Oliver Cromwell after y* Uni- 
versities were purged. It was very low w<^ him then, 
having at first little else to nuintain him but bis scholar- 
ship k an Exhibition of H, a year ; He came from West- 
minster schole wtb Dr. Gale k so was soon made Scholar. 
Afterwards he had another Exhibition of iL a year : 
one of y* two given to each University by S' Rich'' 
Nesworth formerly L' Mayor of London. The manner 
of his getting that may give you some light into y* 
Hearts of other men. Mr. Poole (y* Author of y* 
Synopsis Criticorum) was sent from London to Cambrige 
by the Lord Mayor k Aldermen of London or, as I once 
understood y* Doctor, by y* fish-monsers Company, to 
find out some Scholars whom he shoula think worthy to 
receive these Exhibitions, w** had laid vacant for soma 
time. Mr. Poole being as you know, a PresbyteriaD 
came to Dr. Worthington then Master of Jesus, a friend 
of his k not much different in Opinion, tho a learned 
valuable man. And acquainting nim wt>> his Busyness, 
desired his advice, whom he should recom'end to those 
that sent him. Dr. Worthington sent for Dr. Duport, 
a man knovm to be of a different Opinion ; and telling 
him y* Matter they asked, if he had any Pupils fit 
objects of such a kindness. Dr. D. told Mr. Poole he 
had one; but he thought, he would not be approved of, 
because his father was then wti> y* King beyond Bea» 
Mr. Poole answered, he' liked him not y* worse, but 
rather y* better for that ; and bid him send him to them, 
w'** he did: k Mr. Poole examined him in y*Septuagint 
k Hebrew Psalter, k got him y* Exhibition. — The 
Doctor also mentioned something of Dryden y* Poet, 
w'b I tell you, because you may have occasion to say 
something of him. Drjrden he said was 2 years above 
him, and was reckoned a man of good Parts & Learn- 
ing while in Coll. : he had to his knowledge read over k 
very well understood all v* Greek k Latin Poets : he 
stayed to take his Batchefors degree ; but his head was 
too roving and active, or what else yt)u 'II call it, to con- 
fine himself to a College Life ; & so he left it k went to 
London into gayer company, & set up for a Poet ; w*^ he 
was as well qualified for as any man. 

" I askt y* Doctor about Dr. Richardson ; but he said 
he knew nothing of him, being long before his time, nor 
did he remember that he ever heard of an^ Quarrels 
betwixt him k y* Fellows: when I mentioned Dr. 
Barrow he said, he was a pleasant goodnatured man ; 
was only Fellow of y* Coll. in his time ; but said nothing 
particular of him.— This is all I could carry away from 

r Doctor, at that time : I shall take every opportunity 
can to set him a talking again ; tho I belieye I shaa 
not get much from him to your purpose. Because I cant 
interrupt him in any story by asking any Questions to 
get an exact knowlege of what he is telling. For the 
good old Gentleman is something deaf; and not very 
strong, as you may guess at j* Age of 88 : he talks pretty 
loud, w'>^ soon tires him; and should he be any way in- 
terrupted, it would teize him k tire him y* more. He 
never shews himself disgusted while Company is w*^ 
him ; but his servants easily discern it afterwards by 
his peevishness, w'i> grows npon him when faint k tired 
wth talkinff. He is apt to be passionate, w'i> I have been 
told is a Family distemper : so I did not tell him y* 
Reasons of my Inquiry concerning Coll. Affairs in ms 
time, For if he should have happen'd not to like it ; I 
should not have got a word from him. So that as far 
as I can guess, tho I should have been glad to have seen 
you here, you would have lost your Labor, if you had 
taken a Journey hither on purpose to inquire what 
account y* Dr. could give you in Relation to our Coll. 
There is no man, I believe, has a better memory of 
those things ; bat it would require a good deal of Art 
Digitized by vnOOQlt 




k Patience to f^et it from him. His fancy & Parts are 
▼ery quick still, but perhaps they are' not at his own 
oom'and ; but depend much upon y* inconstancy of an 
old weak Body. And so yon may imagine it no easy 
matter for me to gire yon y* Satisfaction you desire ; 
bnt yon may be sure I'll try.— To come to y* other parts 
of your Letter : I told his Grandfather what you had 
said of Robin Creighton ; it pleased him much to hear 
of his graoefuU Delirery ; why then Bai[tlh he, he is like 
[hjis great Grand Father(Bp.Chreighton/ormerly Fellow 
of our Coll., Greek Professor k puolic Orator). And in 
Truth all his Thoughts are wound up in his grandson ; 
and nothing seems to affect him more than what relates 
to him ; and I beliere it would go near his Heart, if he 
should any way fail." 

William Aldis Weight. 
Trinity College, Cambridge. 




At 1 John LI" the Word of life" indicates by 
Qie initial letter the relation of " the Word " here 
to " the Word " in St. John i, the personal Aoyos. 
The form of printing in this place came in, so far 
as I can see, with the reyision by Dr. Blayney in 
1769. At iii. 1, 2, re/cvo, " children/' is distin- 
guished from viol, "sons/' of the A.Y. in the 
designation '* children of Qod" At y. 7 the words 
referring to the heayenly witnesses, as without 
authority, are omitted, with no note in the margin ; 
at yer. 19 it is "the whole world lieth in the 
evil one" (see i.; 6*»» S. iii. 422). 

At Jude ver. 1 it is " kept for Jesns Christ ** 
and not *' preserved in " Him : at yer. 5 it is 
*'thoDgh ye know all things once for all,*' the 
reading vdvra being accepted instead of tovto. 
At yer. 12 o^iAaScs is rendered ** hidden rocks"; 
the former translations in English followed the 
Vulgate, in which " maculsB," spots, appears, as 
if from the Greek (nriAoc, which is not the reading 
of any MS. in this place, bat which appears at 
2 PeL ii. 13, a paxallel passage. In the same 
verse S^vSpra <^^cvoir(upiva is rendered ** autumn 
trees," resembling " trees of autumn " in the Rhe- 
miah translation. At ver. 19, lavrovs being 
omitted, ol diroSiopi^ovres are ** they who make 
eeparotions " ; and in the same verse r/rvxiKos is 
translated " sensual," while in 1 Cor. xv. 44-6 the 
same word is rendered " natural," in both which 
passages there is a similar contrast between the 
•* natural " and the " spiritual," At ver. 22, the 
reading BiaKpivofxevov^ being accepted, there is, 
''And on some have mercy, who are in doubt," by 
which a not unnecessary admonition is conveyed. 

The text of the Apocalypse, from the deficiency 
of manuscript authority in the earlier recensions, 
before the A.Y., was in an imperfect state beyond 
other parts of the New Testament There is, 
therefore, a large number of passages in which 
there is a departure firom the text on which the old 

translation was founded ; and in many instances 
of this there is an agreement with the text of the 
Yulgate. This appears, for example, in the 
substitution of "a kingdom ** for "kings," i. 6 
and V. 10 ; " she willeth not to repent " for " she 
repented not," il 21 ; " an eagle" for "an angel," 
vilL 13 ; " The kingdom of the world is become 
the kingdom of our Lord" for "the king- 
doms," &C., xi. 15; ''names of blasphemy" for 
" the name," xiiL 1 ; " King of the ages " for 
" King of saints," xv. 3 ; the omission of " shalt 
be," xvi. 6 ; " the great supper of God " for " the 
supper of the great Crod," xix. 17 ; " the holy 
city Jerusalem" for "that great city, the holy 
Jerusalem," xxi. 10 ; the omission of " them which 
are saved," xxi. 24 ; and " blessed are they that 
wash their robes" (xxiL 14) for "blessed are 
they that do his commandments." There is a 
corresponding approximation in these instances 
to the Bhemish version, and the Wydiffe-Purvey 
as well 

Some instances of improvement from a better 
translation, while the text remains unaltered, will 
be seen in the following observations. At i. 16 
the disputed word xaAKoXifiavov is rendered 
"burnished" without any marginal note; at 
ver. 18 it is " the keys of death and of Hades " 
(see IV., 6**»^S. iii. 603). In il 7 the emphatic 
position of r^ viKtovri is preserved by the trans- 
lation "to him that overoometh, to him will I 
give," and it is the same in similar references to 
the final conqueror. At ver. 10 the presence of 
the article is shown in " the crown of life," which is 
also the Bhemish translation. Some other in- 
stances in which the article is preserved are " the 
great tribulation," vii. 14 ; " the rainbow," x. 1 ; 
" the salvation, and the power, and the king- 
dom," xii. 10 ; " the Lamb," xiv. 1 ; ** Without 
are the dogs, and the sorcerers," and the rest, 
xxii. 15. In iv. 6, as in xv. 2, 6d\a<r(ra vaXlvri 
is translated '* a glassy sea," in agreement with 
the versions previous to the A.y. At v. 8 the 
<t>idkrj is rendered "bowl," not "vial" as in the 
A.y. ; and at ix. 2, as in other passages, it is " the 
pit of the abyss," replacing " the bottomless pit" 
of the A.y. At xix. 12 BtaSrifiaTa is rendered 
" diadems," in agreement again with the Vulgate, 
the Wycliffe-Purvey, and the Bhemish versions, 
and not " crowns " as in the A.y.; and at ver. 13 
tfjudriov pepavTio-fiivov alfiari is translated "a 
garment sprinkled with blood," this being the 
reading accepted instead of PelSa/ifievov, "dipped," 
as in the A.Y. ; the Bhemish version is the same 
as the revised translation. In xxii. 2 the sense 
of the passage is made plainer by the full stop 
which is placed after " the midst of the street 
thereof"; at ver. 16 it is " the bright, the morn- 
ing star"; a,nd at ver. 21, the reading tQv dyimv 
being accepted, it is '*be with the saints," not 
" with you all " as in the A^Y. 



[6* S. IV. Auo. 18, 'SI. 

Tt will haTe been obserred in this and the other 
notices from time to time that the revisers have 
exercised their discretion in adopting some ren- 
derings of the Rhemish version, and consequently 
some interpretations of the Vulgate. The in- 
fluence of the Latin version was exercised 
through the Wycliffite translations, and sub- 
sequently through the Rhemish, the translation in 
each case being directly from it. And it is a 
connecting link with the traditions of the past that 
so great an acquisition of the Western Church has 
not ceased to be acknowledged. The revisers 
have also restored some of the expressions of 
Tyndale which had fallen out. 

Having thus brought the remarks as to the 
different books to a close, I do not propose to 
attempt to draw any inference, which would be pre- 
mature. Nor do I propose to inquire into the just- 
ness of the observations whicn have been so 
generally made upon the loss in many places of 
the musical sound and general freedom of trans- 
lation which* are characteristic of the Authorized 
Version. Such an examination will become more 
easy if the publishers think fit to print — what is 
much wanted— an edition of the old and new 
versions in parallel colunms. This has been 
announced in America. 

In conclusion I have to offer my best thanks to 
the Editor for the great indulgence through which, 
AS an old correspondent, I have been permitted to 
occupy so much space. And I may at the same 
time ask leave to say for myself that I have not 
been forgetful of the care and attention which so 
large a concession may justly claim. 

I have to request the correction of '* 13 '^ for 
^'17," and the omiraion of roi^, inserted by an 
error, at St. Luke iv. 13 (iv., 6^ S. iiL 503); and 
of the observation on Gal. vi. 10, arising from a 
failure to notice the presence of the article (yi., 
ante, p. 43). Ed. Marshall, F.S.A. 


{CorUiniudfrom p. 105.) 

1856. Munk (S.). Palestine rUniveTS Pittoresque. 
Asiel Paria. 8to. See alio 1863. 

1856. BobinsoQ (Edward) and Smith (Eli). Later 
Biblical Beiearcbes in Palettine and the Adjacent 
Begione in the year 1852. Maps and plana See 1841 

1857. Isaacs (Bev. A. A.). The Dead Sea ; or, Obser- 
vationB and Notes made aaring a Journey to Palestine. 
Boyal 8to. 

1857. Barclay (John T., American Missionary). City 
of the Qreat STinfc. Ensravinfr^. (Philadelphia.) 

1867. Jonas (Bev. Edward Jamee). BecoUections of 
Syria and Palestine. 

1858. Tobler (Dr. Titus). Planography of Jerusalem. 
4to. Gotha. Memoir to accompany the new ground- 
plan of Jerusalem constructed by C. W. M. Van de Yelde. 
Has three fac-similes of ground-plan in seventh, twelfth, 
and fourteenth centuries. 

1858. Lindsay (A. W. €., Lord, afterwards Earl of 
Crawford). Letters on Egypt and the Holy Land. 
Fifth edition. (Bohn's Illustrated Library.) 

1859. Donaldson (T. L.). Architectura Numismatica; 
or, Architectural Medals of Classic Antiquity Illustrated 
and Explained. 100 lithographs and cuts. Boyal 8to. 

1859. Frankl (Dr.) [a Jewish phvsician, if. 178]. The 
Jews in the East. Translated nom German by P. 
Beaton. 2 vols. London, 8to. [Admitted to David's 
tomb, ii. 184.] 

1859. Buchanan (Dr. Bobert). Notes in the H0I7 

Land. Orig. ed. Crown 8vo. London. 

1859. Sharpe (S.). History of Egypt from the Earliest 
Times to the Conquest by the Arabs, a.i>. 640. Maps^ 
enfrravincs. 2 rols. 8to. JMoxon.) 

1860. Urqubart (D.). The Lebanon (Mount Souria) : 
a History and a Diary. 2 toIs. 8to. See also 1838. 

1860. De Vogti^ (Gomte Melchior). Les Eglises de la 
Terre Sainte. 

1860. Wolff (Bev. Joseph). Travels and Adventurea 

of. late Missiona]^ to the Jews, and Muhammadans 

in Persia, Bokhara, Cashmere. 2 vola 8to. See 1846. , 

1860. Tristram (H. B.). The Great Sahara. (Murray.V 

1860. Drew (Bev. G. S.). Scripture Lands a Journal 

kept in 1856-7. Post 8vo. Map. 

0) I860. Drew (Bev. Q. S.). Nazareth, its Life and 

1860. Buchanan (Dr. Bobert). Descriptive Letter- 
press to accompany Photos taken in the Holy Land by 
John Cramb. Folio, Glaseow. 


1861. Thomson (Dr. W. M.) [twenty-five years a 
missionary in Syria]. The Land and the Book. 8vo. 
Numerous illustrations, tinted, pp. 718. London. (NeU 

1861. Beaufort (Emily A.). Egyptian Sepulchres and 

Svrian Shrines Lebanon, at Palmvra, and in Western 

Turkey. Illustrated by Authoress. Map. 2 vols, crowa 

1862. Fairbolt. Up the Nile and Home Again. lOO 
illustrations. 8vo. 

1862. Bawlinson (Prof. G.). Five great Monarchies 
of the Ancient Eastern World; or, the History, Geo- 

»hy, and Antiquities of Ghaldaea, Assyria, Babylon, 

lia, and Persia Maps, many engravings. 4 vols» 


1863. Churchill (Col.). Mount Lebanon, a Ten Years' 

Besidence, from 1852 to 1862 among the Druse 

Tribes. Plates, maps. 3 vols. 

1863. Bogers (Mary Elizabeth). Domestic Life ia 
Palestine. Poet 8vo. 

1863. Lear. Views In the Seven Ionian Islands. 

1868. Stanley (A P.). Sermons preached before 
H.B.H. the Prince of Wales during his Tour in the 
East in the Spring of 1862 : with Notices of some of th» 
Localities visited. 8vo. See 1869. 

1863. Grove (Georgel gives in Dr. Smith*s Biblt 
Dictionary, article " Palestine," a catalogue raisonni of 
several important works, commencing with Josephus. 

1863. Denton (Bev. W.). The Christians of Turkey 
..under Mussulman rule. Crown 8vo. 

1868. Munk (S.). Palestine, Arch^ologiqve, Historique, 
G^ographique. Sixty-nine plates. 8vo. See 1856. The 
German edition has no plates. 

1863. Speke (Capt. J. H.). The Discovery of the 
Source of the Nile. Map. Numerous wood engravings, 
chiefly from Capt. Grant's drawings. 8vo. 

1863. Lewin (Thomas). Siege of Jerusalem under 
Titus. London. 8vo. 

1864. Smith (S.). What I saw in Syria, Palestine, 
and Greece. 8vo. 

1864. Mills. Nablous and the modem Sasaaritan 
(MurrayO Digitized by dOOgle 




(1) 1864. Eogen. Notices of the modern Samaritani. 

1864. Trifltram (H. B.). Winter Bide in Palestine. 

1864. Duray (I'Abbd). La Terre Sainte lUiutr^e. 
Sixty platei of Tiews by Haghe. 8to. 

1£(64. Pierotti. Customs and Traditions of Palestine, 
Translated by Bst. T. G. Bonney. 8vo. 

1864. Pierotti. Jerusalem Explored. Translated by 
Bey. T. G. Bonney. 2 toIs. folio. 

1865. Palmve (W. G.). Joomey throngh Central and 
Eastern Arabia. 2 Tola Svo. 

1865. SpraU (T. A. B.). TraTels and Besearohee in 
Crete. Map. (Van Voorst.) 

1865. Newton (C. T.). Travels and DiscoTories in the 
Lerant. 2 vols, royal 8to. Many ]^tes. 

1865. Fergasson (James). The Holy Sepulchre and 
the Temple at Jerusalem. 

1865. The Ordnance Surrey of Jerusalem : issued 
under the Superintendence of Sir H. James, B.E., 
F.B.S., from the Office, Southampton. But to Lady 
Burdett-Goutts belongs the renown of supplying English- 
men at her sole cost with this, the most important 
contribution hitherto made towards an exact knowledge 
of the Holy City. 

1865. Ducon (W. H.); Holy Land Studies. lUustrar 
tions. 2 vols. 8to. 

1865. Mott (Mrs. Mentor). Stones of Palestine 

with Photographs by F. Bedford. Square Syo. 

1866. IUtter(C.). ComparatiTeGeography of Palestine 
and the Sinaitic Peninsula. Translated by W. L. Gage. 
4 Tols. 8yo. 

1866. Boberto(D..B.A.). Life of, by James Ballantine. 
40 etchinss and sketches. 4to. 

1866. Gleig. Coloured plates (thirty-two) of Jerusalem, 
Bethlehem, and the Holy Places. By Carl Werner, 
described by G. Atlas folio. 

1866. Macleod (Dr. Norman). Eastward. Manylllns- 
irations from photos. Small 4to. 

1867. Bobinson (Edward). Holy Land. 8 vols. See 
1841 and 1856. 

1867. Tristram (H. B.). Ornithology of Palestine. 
Coloured plates. (Van Voorst.) 

1867. Porter (J. L.). The Giant Cities of Bashan and 
Syria's Holy Places. Plates. See 1870. 

(?) 1867. Porter (J. L.). Handbook (Murray's) for 
Travellers in Syria and Palestine. 

1867. Tobler (Titus). BibliographiaGeographicaPales- 
tinsB. 8vo. Leipsig. 

1868. Wallace (Dr. Alexander). The Desert and the 
Holy Land. Post 8vo. Edinburgh. 

1868. Vimb^ry (A.). Sketches of Central A^. — 
and on its Ethnology. 8vo. 

1868. Edwards (llatilda Betiiam). Throogh Spafai to 
the Sahara. Engravings. 8vo. 

1868. Winjri&eld (Hon. Lewis). Under the Palms in 
Algeria and Tunis. 

Taxley Yloange, Suffolk. 

{To U e(mUnued,) 

A RxLic OF Old Drubt Lank Theatre. — 
Becently I have had occasion to inspect some old 
family correspondence which haa saccessively 
passed throagh the hands of Mr. Upcott and Mr. 
Dawson Tamer, and came npon what purports to 
be a weekly pay list of Drury Lane Theatre of the 
year 1773. The paper, which is ansigned, is a 
Tery large sheet of what in the present day woald 
he call^ ''toned,'' but in the last generation 
" whitey-brown," paper of a very coarse descrip- 

tion, and is yolnminous, seeing there are on it 
some 180 names, representing an expenditare of 
522Z. 7s. 6d, a week. 

The year in question was one memorable in the 
records of theatrical matters. It was very near 
the close of Mr. Garrick's lengthened management 
of Drury Lane, and the year when G^ldsmi^ 
brought to the theatre his new play She Stoopi to 
Conquer, whidi but for some previous under- 
standing with Oolman at Oovent Garden, not yery 
clearly explained, would have been doubtless pro- 
duced by Ghimck, who seems to haye considered 
it not so '^ dangerous '^ a piece as some others 
thought it. 

It will be noticed in the list, from which I beg 
to offer to your readers a few extracts, that there 
appears opposite the name of David Garrick him- 
self a double entry of money. How fax this is oon- 
sistent with the fact that he was himself manager, 
and the source whence all the payments flowed, is a 
point which I leave for the consideration of uioae 
more conversant with details of theatrical manage- 
ment than I can profess to be : — 
Drury Lane Theatrt Pay Xist, IStt February, 1773, at 
m. If. dd. p, diem, or 622/. 7f . M. p. wO. 
Men. Per week. 

:£. s. d., 
Jsmes Laoy, Esqre. 16 IS 

David Garrick, Esqre 1 17 10 

Mr. 8. Barry and w. 60 

Mr.Hlng 8 

Mr. Reddish 8 

Mr. Jefferson 8 

Mr. Dame and w 8 

Mr.Dibdin 6 

Mr. Bannister and w. 6 

Mr. Clinch* 2 10 


Mrs.Ahington 8 

Miss Pope 8 

Miss Young 7 


Mr. Vernon 8 

Mrs. Smith 6 6 

MissTenables 6 6 


Mr. Daigville and w 6 

SignoraYidini 5 

Mrs. Sutton 6 

Mr. Qrimaldi and w. 5 

Besides, too, very many more performers of less 
account, there are payments to " Men Dressers," 
" Women Dressers," " Properties,"t "Music Band, 
491," "Soldiers, 41. 4s.," "Numberers, 30».," 
" House Barber, If. 4«.," " Candlewoman, 12s.," 
** Pensioner, Mr. Waldgrave, 10s. 6d.," and last, 
but not least, the item " Sinking Fund, 212." 

Alex. Fbrgusson, Lieut.-CoL 

* Clinch is reported to have made his first appearance 
in Alexander the Ortat, Oct 16,1772, , ,. , _ 

t "Properties" are represented on ihe i^t bv tiw 
ladies. Digitized by VnOOS? IC 



1.6th 8. IV. Aca. 13, '81. 

Richard Savaob.— The researches of Mr. Moy 
Thomas have shown pretty conclusively that in 
the matter of his noble parentage Savage was an 
impostor. But the consistency and daring with 
which he carried out the deception are very 
remarkable, and, I think, can only be explained 
upon the supposition that he was an unwiUing 
(me. If Johnson's story of Savage's invasion of 
his presumed mother's house be true, it seems 
hardly likely that a conscious impostor would 
deliberately have courted exposure and punish- 
ment by such conduct. 

How the poet might become an unwitting im- 
postor is easily explained. Lady Macclestield's 
child was given to a woman to nurse, and while 
in her hands it died. Is it possible, if not pro- 
bable, that the nurse kept the child's death secret, 
and substituted another child for it? Such an 
assumption is borne out by the significant cir- 
cumstance that the dead child seems to have been 
buried under the nwrse'i name, which was Smith, 
and not its own. Lady Macclesfield was aware 
of her son's death, but Lady Mason and Mrs. 
Loyd apparently were not, for we are told that 
the former paid for Savage's schooling, and the 
latter left hioi a legacy of three hundred pounds 
when she died. Doubtless the papers found by 
Savage on the demise of his nurse, which dis- 
closed to him his " identity," were in connexion 
with Lady Mason's bounty. 
' I think the assumption that Savage was the 
victim of a delusion, and not a wilful pretender, 
renders both his own conduct and that of Lady 
Macclesfield on some occasions less anomalous. 
J. A, Wbstwood Oliver. 
Athenaeum, Glasgow. 

Shaksf£ARB and Cumbbrlakd. — The follow- 
ing cutting from the CarligU Journal of August 2, 
X881, is worthy of preservation in " N. & Q." : — 

"Mr. Nanton, town clerk of Carlisle, has sent the 
following letter to the 7tm« ;—' Examining some old 
deeds in my posset-Bion relating to lands in the neigh- 
bourhood of Penrith, Cumberland, I came across one 
bearing date the '^Ist Richard II., being a conveyance 
from John Scott, of Penrith, and Elena Hogge, of Carle- 
ton (a hamlet in the parish of Penrith), to William 
Qerard, of Carleton, of several small parcels of land, 
measuring together an acre and a rood, lying "in campo 
de Penrith."... One of the pieces of land is stated to lie 
"juxta terram Alani Skaiapere" and in the attesting 
clause the name of Sbakeipere occurs again, the words 
being as follows :— " In cujua rei testimonium huic pre- 
sent! cartas nostrw, fiigilla nostra apposuimus, hiis testi- 
btts, Boberto de Alanby, Thoma de Carleton, Alexandre 
Atkynson, Johanno Gerard, Willitlmo Shaheipere, et 
aliis. Datum apud Penrith die Dominica proximo post 
festum Paschi, anno regni Regis Ricardi Secundi 
vicesimo primo." The date of the deed would therefore 
be about April, 1398, or 166 years before the birth of 
Shaktpeare. May it be that Shakspeare's ancestors 
were originally settled in Cumberland, near the Scottish 
border, and that one of them, following the standard of 
the Earl of Richmond, afterwards Henry VII., Mttled 

at Stratford-upon-Avon after the battle of Bosworth 
Field ? In an exemplification of the grant of arms by 
the Heralds' College to ShalcRpcare's father in 1599, it 
is recorded that " bis great grandfather for his faithful 
and approTed serrice to the late most prudent Prince 
King Henry VII., of famous memory, was adTanced and 
rewarded with lands and tenements, given to him in 
those parts of Warwickshire, where tbev bare continued 
by some descents in good reputation and credit." ' " 

E. F. B. 

Turner's "Liber Studiorum.'*— Mr. Bawlin- 
son, in his Catalogue of Turner's Liber Studiorum, 
states, in reference to '* The Leader Sea Piece/' '' I 
have heard on good authority that this fine subject 
is taken almost without alteration from a picture 
by W. Vandevelde, but I have not yet been able 
to identify it by any engraving after that master." 
The picture referred to was in the Marquis of 
Stafford's collection, and an engraving of it will 
be found in Young's Catalogue of that collection, 
published 1825, No. 126, " A Strong Breeze," by 
W. Vandevelde, jun. With regard to the tihtr 
plate called *' Oakhampton Castle or Castle above 
the Meadows," I may note that I have a coloured 
etching by Paul Sandby, inscribed *'Caraig Cannen 
Castle, Caermarthenshire," which corresponds so 
much with the rock, castle, &c., in the so-called 
^* Oakham pton Castle" as to leave no doubt but 
that it is Carreg Cunnen Castle that is represented 
as " The Castle above the Meadows." 

Crawford J. Pocock. 


An Attempt at a Periphrastic Tranbla- 
TioK OP Prudhommb's Poem "PRifeRE* (see 
ante, p. 87).— 

Did TO but ken how fa's the tear 
For lanely hame and fireeide drear, 
Ye 'd maybe seek that hame to cheer^ 
And jist gang by 1 

Did ye but ken thine eye's soft rays 
Can send joy's thrill through saddest days, 
Ye 'd maybe light wi* ane clear gaze 
Hy window pane ! 

Did ye .but ken how sweet the balm, 
Vfhtn heart binds heart wi' mngio charm, 
Ye 'd maybe stand, a sister calm, 
Within my door ! 

Did ye but ken how dear thou art, 
How mair than dear to this puir heart. 
Wad ye nae come, and ne'er depart, 
But aye be mine 1 

P. E. 

A Frisic Guild (ante, p. 107).— My learned 
friend and neighbour Db. Hyde Clarke has 

f'lven me credit for more than I deserve ; my 
risic books can scarcely be called "a large 
gathering." But he cannot say more than I 
deserve with respect to my desire to promote 
increased attention on the part of English scholars 
to Frisic literature. Does there exist a Frisic 
Bible? If 80, date and othex I^ticuIaiB^will 
Digitized by VjOOT^TC 

6«i»fl. IV. Ato. 18/81.] 



oblige. Strange to say^ though the Bible Society 
has printed the Scriptures in between two and 
three hundred languages, Frisic is not one of them. 
William J. Thoms. 


We moit reqaeat eorrMpondenfcs desiring infonnation 
on family matters of only priTste interest, to affix their 
names and addresees to their qneries, in order that the 
answers may be addressed to them direct 

Chiswick : GuNKBRSBUBT. — I am anxious to 
disooYer the origin of the name Chiswick. Wiek 
may be set down as a station, in this case on the 
river ; but there is a difficulty in accounting satis- 
factorily for the first part of the word. The form 
was anciently Chesewyke. Inquisition as to the 
use of unlawful nets, a.d. 1343, eight nets found 
in the Thames at London Bridge, " on Alan atte 
Were of Chesewyke one... on John Doddynge of 
Chesewyke one," &c Adverting to the compo- 
sition of the neighbouring Chelsea (a shingle islet), 
one might be disposed to find a connexion between 
Chetd and Chx$; but if so, I cannot make out 
what has become of the eL I hare consulted 
Taylor, and all the glossaries I can find at the 
British Museum. Compare Chishall, in Essex. 
Will Prof. Skbat or some other competent writer 
come to my assistance? The articles on Gun, 
Gunville, &c ("N. & Q.,» 6«» S. iiL 469; iv. 94), 
are interesting to me on account of the neiffhbour- 
ing Gunnersbury, the well-known manor farm in 
the parish of Ealing, after which the South- Western 
Bailway station at the west end of this parish Lb 
named. "Gunnersbury, called in old records 
Gonyldesbury or GuDDyldsbury...not improbably 
...the residence of Gunyld or Gunnilda, niece of 
King Canute '' (Lysons, ««&*" Ealing "). Whatever 
may be thought of this derivation, I am not dis- 
posed to connect Chiswick with Cis$a, It seems 
reasonable to admit the name of a resident or 
chieftain as the prefix of buryy but I am not in- 
clined to abandon the idea that Chiswick is con- 
nected with the river in its first as well as in its 
seoond syllable. S. Abnott. 

Tamham Green. 

"MisTRBSS Grtsbacrkss," 1469-70.— One of 
the Fasten letters, tbus conjecturally dated, con- 
tains the following difficult passage :— " Mistress 
Gryseacress is sure to Selenger, with my Lady of 
Exeter; a foul loss!'' I want to obtain some 
light on its meaning, which I take to be, in 
modem language, that Mistress Gryseacress was 
betrothed to Thomas St. Leger, who was in the 
service of the Duchess of Exeter. Does it mean 
this? I know of no other St. Leger whom it can 
mean, but Edward IV. always speaks of Thomas 
St. Leger as "our servant." Moreover, he be- 
came in 1474-6 the second husband of the Duchess 

of Exeter herself. Who was Mistress Gryseacress? 
Is anything else known of her ? Can the passage 
mean, not that St. Leger was in the service of we 
duchess, but that the latter had made up the 
match ? The grammar certainly does not lead to 
the inference that ''with my Lady of Exeter" 
refers to Mistress Gryseacress. Is the date eor- 
rect? Any hints or infonnation will be grateftilly 
received by Hbrmbhtrudb. 

Shbffibld of Buttbrwiok. — In the temporary 
museum formed at Bedford when that town was 
visited by the Royal Archseological Institute a 
rubbine of a brass of an ecclesiastic was exhibited 
which bore the following inscription. I was un- 
successful in my endeavours to ascertain in what 
church the original brass \a preserved. The arms 
are a chevron between three garbs (most probably 
the coat of Sheffield of Butterwick, in the Isle of 
Axholme), quartering fretty. The colours are, of 
course, not indicated ; the latter coat may be Wil- 
loughby. I cannot find this Edward in the pedi- 
grees of the house of Sheffield of Butterwick to 
which I have access. I shall be much obliged to 
any one who will inform me who he was : — 

"Hio iacet Eduardus Sheffeld vtriusq. inria doctor 
Oanonicos eccrie Cathedralis leicbfelden et Tic&rius 
iatius etcrie ac Rector eccl'ie pa'cbi's do Camborne in 
Gom. Cornub & yatt in com. Glooestr. mii obiit [blank] 
die me's. fblank] Auno dom. M<> Y'' [blank] cui aU'e 
p'picietor deus." 

K. P. D. E. 

Thb "Firebrand*' Edition of Rogers's 
PoBMS. — Mr. Lang, in The Library, p. 145, 
speaking of the edition of Rogers's Poems issued 
in 1810, with wood engravings by Luke Olennell 
after Stothard, says : " This volume, generally 
known by the name of the 'Firebrand' edition, 
is highly prized by collectors, and as intelligent 
renderings of pen and ink there is little better 
than these engravings of Clennell's." Why is it 
called the " Firebrand " edition ? 

W. E. Buckley. 

" To Cry the Mare " : a Harvest Custom. 
— Many old customs are noted in Bailey's English 
Dictionary, and under the heading ''Mare" is 
the following:— 

" To crj the Mare. A sport in Hertfordshire, when 
the reapers tie together the tops of the last bUules of 
com; and, standing at some distance, throw their 
sickles at it ; and he who cuts the knot has the prise, 
with aoclamations and good cheer." 
I quote from the fourteenth edition, 1751, and I 
would ask if this harvest custom is still preserved 
in Hertfordshire or elsewhere 7 


Revett of Brandistok.— John Revett, of 
Brandiston Hall, Norfolk, Esq., was father of 
Nicholas Revett (joint author with Stuart of the 
Antiquiiies of Athens), who was born about 1721. 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [«»^ s. iv. au*. is, si. 

Wanted the date of John Beyett's marriage (sup- 
posed to be aboat 1715). Had he any children 
•Ider than Nicholas 1 F. N. 

Latin in Diplomacy.— In Lord Malmesbuiy's 
Dianei and Chrrespondence, vol. iiL p. 277, occurs 
the following in a despatch to Lord Granville : 
** I thought it right to remark to him (M. Dela- 
croix) that although the words Commiuaire et 
Flempotentiaire were a literal translation of Com- 
missarium et Pknipotentiarium, yet the character 
and title I intended to assume here was that of 
Minister Plenipotentiary." This despatch is dated 
''Paris, Oct. 27, 1796." Was it always the custom 
for England to accredit a Minister Plenipotentiary 
to a foreign court in Latin? Is it so now? If 
not, when did the custom cease, and why ? 

E. Leaton Blsnkinsofp. 

Strellt=West (Dk la Ware).— Thoroton, 
in his Hittory of Nottinghamtkire, records, under 
the head of " Strelley," the following marftage : — 
« NicCholas] de Strelley, mil (ob. 6 Hen. VII.)= 
Margareta, fiL Tho. West, Dom. de la Warre." 
The words between inverted commas appear in his 
pedigree of the Strelleys of Strelley. In the text 
accompanying the pedigree the learned writer 

" But Sir Bobert Strelley, father of this John, had 
another son, called Sir Nieholaa Strelley, whose posterity 
inherited thii Mannor [Strelley]. lliii Sir Nicholas 
married the daughter of Thomas [Baron] de la Warre, 
and died at Lenton [NotU], the last of April, 1491 
(Milles, 45), and was buried in the Church of St. Andrew 
at Baynard't Castle, leaving Margaret his wife behind 
bim, and Nicholas hit son, and Agnes and Oecilv his 
daughters. He appointed half his goods to be impioyed 
for his children, in merchandize, and made his nephew. 
Sir Walter Hungerford, supervisor of his will, which was 
proTsd 12th June that same year, vis. 1491." 

On recent reference, however, to the pedigree of 
the Barons of Manchester (Gresleys, La Warrs, 
Wests) given in Baines's JBittary of Lanccuhire 
(4 vols. 4to.), I was surprised to nnd no mention, 
among the children of Sir Thomas West (eighth 
Lord de la Warr and seventh Lord West), of this 
daughter Margaret, there being only three 
daughters referred to, Mary, Catherine, and 

Can any reader say how this omission came to 
be made 7 Is there any doubt as to the wife of 
Sir Nicholas Strelley being a daughter of Lord 
de la Warr and West? I may mention that 
Burke's Peerage (ed. 1841) [so also ed. 1881] allows 
the noble lord to have had four daughters. All 
dates and other particulars in connexion with 
Margaret West would be very acceptable to me. 


"Noah's Ark ''=Monkshood. — The other 
day I met with a paragraph in a local paper 
which stated that a little girl not far from here 
had narrowly escaped being poisoned by eating 

Noah*$ ark, which, the writer said, was a name 
given by "cottagers about here" to what is 
usually called Tnonhhood (Aconitwm Napellus). 
Is this name purely local, or is it found elsewhere 1 
Messrs. Britten and Holland have not mentioned 
it in their valuable Dictionary of English Plant- 
Names (E.D.S.), neither has Dr. Prior. I have 
heard the same term in the north of England 
applied to large masses of cloud extending across 
the sky, which were supposed to be indicative of 
stormy weather. F. C. Birkbkok Terrt. 


Crahbr, Bookbbllxr. — There was a leading 
bookseller of this name (in Paris?) cheated by 
Voltaire. He -sold him a new work at a high 
price, and arranged for a surreptitious edition to 
appear simultaneously at Amsterdam. When the * 
fraud was traced he grinned out, "Oh, le bon 
Cramer! Eh bien! fl n'a qu'^ 6tre du parti'' 
(He may have a share ; he will give not a stiver 
less for the next piece). Was he related to the 
fine violinist and teacher who lived, and I think 
died, at Hamnstead 1 C, A. Ward. 

Mayfair. ^ 

Miss Frances Moore. — I lately saw a notice 
in the papers of the death, at ninety years and up- 
wards, of Miss Moore, an authoress. I suppose 
this must be the daughter of Peter Moore, 
M.P. Htde Clarke. 

Georob Felton Mathew. — Can any reader of 
" N. & Q." tell me any particulars of the life and 
death ^f George Felton Mathew, to whom Eeats 
addressed one of the poetical epistles in the little 
volume of poems which he published through 
Messrs. Oilier in 1817? Was he any relation to 
the Mathews of Bathbone Place who figure in 
Gilchrist's Life of Elake ? 

£L Buxton Formak. 

"A Rat-Rtme,"— In one of the numerous 
pamphlets which appeared after the fiasco of 
Laud's Service-Book^ namely. The Trial of (he 
English Liturgie, 1638, the following sentence 
occurs : — " Will ever a Bat-rynu of words said 
over without feeling or blessing work upon an un- 
renewed heart 1" I desire more acquiuntanoe 
with " a rat-ryme." 

Alex. Fergussok, Lieut. -CoL 

John Thorpe, Architect. — Were John 
Thorpe and John of Padua one and the same in- 
dividual? D. G. C. E. 

A Lion Rampant surmounting a Market 
Cross. — Would a lion rampant, holding a lamb in 
its claws, be a likely apex to an old market cross ? 
May it be a family crest ?— Whose ? Or a Chris- 
tian emblem ?— Of what ? One such, of red sand- 
stone, wsA found built into a very old cottage close 

9k & IT. Ado. 18/81.] 



by where stood our cross, which is of white free- 
stone. Sir William Ramsay Fair£Etx has kindly 
offered to restore and enclose the shaft and its 
great pedestal, and I am anxious to know about 
this stone, lest we blunder the restoration. 


Mazton Manse, BozburghBhire. 

Cabdinalb Giusspfe UooLnri, Ahatissiuo 
Lboato di Fsrrara. — Who was he? I have 
just secured a fine niello portrait of him on a 
ailyer plate. J. C. J. 

The Antrim DscLARATioy, 1689; and the 
Whig Club, co. Down.— Can you furmsh me 
with the names of those who signed the Antrim 
Declaration in 1689, and who were attainted br 
King James's Parliament for so doing ; also with 
It list of the members of the county Down Whig 
Olub, which was in existence at the end of the 
last century ? Walton Graham Bsbrt. 

Broomfittld, Fizby, near Hoddersfield. 

The Matlock Islands. — ^This is the name 
giyen to a small group of islands s^ate in the 
Pacific Ocean, north of the SolomoPlsles. Can 
any of your correspondents tell me how these 
islands obtained their name? I haye been in- 
formed that there was at Abbotsford a portrait of 
a certain Admiral Matlock. If eyer such an 
ikdmiral flourished, probably these islands were 
named in his honour. I do not eyen know when 
this admiral was supposed to haye existed, but 
should be glad to hear anything about him, or the 
reason for the name of these islands. 

G. F. R. B. 

Campbells of CARRADALE.~Will Mr. Car- 
MICHABL, my former informant in the matter, 
supplement the interesting fragments he has 
aln^y giyen by the name of the family burying- 
place in Argyleshire whence were taken the 
monumental inscriptions to which he refers? 
Such information may be of immediate use to me. 

A. C. B. 

Authors op Quotations Wanted. — 

** Am mnd from a shoyel" H. Soott. 


(2«* S. X. 163, 232, 309 ; xi. 346 ; 5* S. iy. 401.) 
De Morgan pronounced the book which I lent 
him to be spurious, and by spurious he meant 
unsanctioned by the owners of the copyright. I 
prefer to call it the anonymous translation of 
1737, for De Morgan did not question the 
genuineness of the text from which the transla- 
tion was made. Each translation supports the 
other, and their mutual support is a prop of the 
original text If, as De Morgan suggests, the 

parties to the edition of 1737 were friends of the 
others, and acting band fde, there is a further 
reason for calling the book anonymous, rather 
than spurious.* On account of the rarity of this 
anonymous edition it may be well for me to tran- 
scribe from it such portions as bear upon the 
bibliography of the subject. The preface opens 

" The followiog Treatise containing the First Prin- 
ciples of Fluxions, thoagh a posthumous Work, yet 
being the genuine Offspring (in an EnglitK Dress) of the 
late Sir liaae NtwUm, needs no other Becommendation 
to the Publick, than what that Great and Venerable 
Name will always carry along with it" 

Again, at p. iy of the preface we read, — 
'* It must be acknowledged that leyeral Extracts and 
Specimens of this Method have been already published 
elsewhere (particularly by Dr. Wallii and Mr. JoMt) ; 
but as these were only incidentally deliyered, or occa- 
sionally given out by the Author at the Importunity of 
his Fnends, so they fall ver^r much short of the Treatise 
here published : Wherein tms noble Invention is digested 
into a just Method ; the whole Bxtent and Compass of 
it, as tar as he had improved it, is herein comprehended ; 
aU the Oases are taken in, and illustrated with a greater 
Variety of curious Instances, and the whole is enriched 
with a much larger Oopia of choice Examples than is to 
be found any where else. In a Word, we nave reason to 
believe that what is here delivered, is wrought up to 
that Perfection in which Sir lioac himself had once 
intended to give it to the PubUck."t 

The preface condndes thus