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Full text of "Notes on American artists, 1754-1820, copied from advertisements appearing in the newspapers of the day"

OTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 



WITH LIST OF PORTRAITS AND SCULPTURE 



IN THE COLLECTION OF 



THE NEW-YORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY 




.UJAM KELBY 



BA.FtTI.EXT COWXJREY 




THE LIBRARY 

OF 

THE UNIVERSITY 
OF CALIFORNIA 

LOS ANGELES 



7 



THE NEW-YORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



The John Divine Jones Fund Series 

of 
Histories and Memoirs 



Edition of Three Hundred Copies 
No ' 

Committee on Publications: 

ALEXANDER J. WALL 
R. HORACE GALLATIN 
F. ROBERT SCHELL 




WILLIAM KELBV ( I 8 4 i-i8g8) 

Assistant Librarian 1857-1803 

Librarian iSg.viSpS 

By Robert Hinrkley 



Notes on American Artists 

1754-1820 

Copied from advertisements appear- 
ing in the newspapers of the day. 

COMPILED BY THE LATE WILLIAM KELBY, 

Librarian of The New- York Historical Society, 1893-1898. 



To which is added a list of portraits and sculpture in the 
possession of The New-York Historical Society. 



New York 
The New- York Historical Society 

1922 



IV 



Preface 



These "Notes on American Artists," covering the period 1754- 
1820, are the result of researches of the late William Kelby (1841- 
1898), an indefatigable student of local history, a former Librarian of 
the Society and brother of Robert H. Kelby, Librarian Emeritus. 
Many years ago and far ahead of the time in what has proven to be 
of much interest today, William Kelby noted the advertisements of 
artists appearing in the early newspapers. These were copied and 
first printed in the October, 1918, issue of the Quarterly Bulletin 
and by installments continued until January, 1922. They are now 
reprinted with an analytical index by Alexander J. Wall, Librarian 
of the Society, as the fifth publication of The John Divine Jones 
Fund Series. 

It is not claimed that every advertisement has been copied; in 
the main they are from the New York City newspapers, with a few 
from Philadelphia newspapers. The term Artist is not to be con- 
strued as referring to painters only, but includes wax workers, stone 
and seal cutters, engravers, as well as the art of dancing, drawing, 
etc. Aside from their historical value, these advertisements make 
interesting and amusing reading of the customs of other days. 

To these notes has been added a complete list of the Society's 
portraits and sculpture. 



List of Illustrations 



PORTRAIT OF WILLIAM KELBY Frontispiece 

By Robert Hinckley 

PORTRAITS OF MR. & MRS. JOHN PINTARD .... Facing -page 16 

By John Ramage 

PORTRAIT OF GEORGE WASHINGTON 3 6 

By Archibald Robertson 

PORTRAIT OF JOHN JAY 3 8 

By Joseph Wright 

PORTRAIT OF GILBERT C. STUART 4 8 

By Anson Dickinson 

PORTRAIT OF ASHER B. DURAND 5 2 

By Eliab Metcalf 



Notes on American Artists 

BY WILLIAM KELBY, LATE LIBRARIAN OF THE SOCIETY 

The following Limners were admitted Freemen of the City of 
New York : 

1698, December 13, Evert Duyckinck, Limner 

1698-9, February 3, Gerrett Duyckinck, 
1718, April 22, Nehemiah Partridge, 

1731, April 6, Gerrardus Duyckinck, 

1734-5, February 18, Raphael Goelet, 

1744, June 19, Richard Clarke Cooke, Painter and Limner 

1748, September 22, Gerradus Duyckinck, Limner 
1753, July 17, Andrew Maverick, Painter 

1765, October I, John Mare Jr., Limner 

Lawrence Kilburn, sometimes written Killbrunn, arrived here 
from London in the early part of May, 1754, in the brig Maria, 
Thomas Miller, master: and he appears to have sought employ- 
ment as a Portrait Painter very soon after. 

The following, very probably, was his first introduction to the 
public, in this City: 

Lawrence Kilburn, Limner. Just arrived from London with 
Capt. Miller, hereby acquaints all Gentlemen and Ladies inclined 
to favour him in having their Pictures drawn, that he don't doubt 
of pleasing them in taking a true Likeness, and finishing the Drap- 
ery in a proper Manner, as also in the Choice of Attitudes, suitable 
to each Person's Age and Sex, and giving agreeable Satisfaction, as 
he has heretofore done to Gentlemen and Ladies in London. He 
may at present be apply'd to, at his Lodgings, at Mr. Bogart's 
near the New Printing-Office in Beaver-Street. [N. Y. Gazette: or 
The Weekly Post-Boy, July 8, 1754.] 

This advertisement was followed by others, of which the fol- 
lowing are specimens: 

Lawrence Kilburnn, Limner, from London, who lately adver- 
tised in the New-York Gazette, hereby acquaints all gentlemen and 
ladies, that are mindful to see some of his performances, that he 
has now several pieces taken from the life, finished in his room; as 
also sundry other curious pieces, scarcely to be met with at any 
other place in this city; he therefore hopes that gentlemen and 
ladies who have a taste that way, will favour him with their com- 



2 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

pany and doubts not, but a view of his performances will engage 
them to encourage him in this branch of business, as, at present, 
there is no other in town who pretends thereto. Said Kilburnn 
lodges at the house of Mr. Daniel Bogert, next Door to the late 
Rev. Mr. Boel's, near the New Printing-Office, in Beaver-Street. 
[N. Y. Mercury, September 30, 1754.] 

Lawrence Kilbrunn, Limner, from London, Continues, as 
usual, to draw to the life. Ladies and gentlemen that have not as 
yet seen many of his performances, may now have an opportunity 
of viewing sundry pieces together, which he has drawn to the 
entire satisfaction of the persons for whom they were designed. 
He may be applied to at his lodgings, at the house of Mr. Peter 
Rosevelt, in Bayard's-street. He draws also in miniature. [N. Y. 
Mercury, October 3, 1757.] 

L. Kilbrun's Paint Store, At the White Hall, New York, Hath 
For Sale, 

White lead Vermillion 

Spanish brown Prussian blue 

Yellow oaker White vitriol 

Verdigrise Spanish whiting 

Red lead Paint brushes 

Linseed oil And all sorts of Crown 

White varnish Window glass. 
Spirits of turpentine 

Also portrait painters' colours, canvas hair and Fitch pencils, 
tools and gilt carved frames for portraits; leaf gold, and silver, do. 
etc. [N. Y. Journal or General Advertiser, August 4, 1768.] 

Mr. Kilburn was licensed to be married to Judith Eyraud, of 
the city of New- York, on the twenty-fourth of June, 1761; and he 
continued to paint portraits, in that city, as opportunity was af- 
forded; indeed, it is said that the Beekman family possesses two 
half-lengths, size of life, which were painted by him in that year. 
The following, published in the following year, indicates his occu- 
pation at that time: 

Lawrence Kilbrun, Portrait Painter, Takes this Opportunity 
to acquaint the Publick, that he is removed to Crown-street, which 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 3 

leads from the Fly-market up to the New Dutch Church, next 
door to Mr. Stephany, Chymist, and over against Messrs. Living- 
ston's Sugar House. 

N. B. He continues Face painting as usual, and hath at pres- 
ent by him, a large Collection of Gentlemen and Ladies Pictures, 
which may be seen at his House. [TV. Y. Mercury, May 17, 1762.] 

The habits of the New-Yorkers appear, however, to have been 
ill adapted for the encouragement of the Fine Arts; and, like his 
contemporary, Abraham De Lanoy, Junior, Mr. Kilburn, after 
many years of hard work to establish himself as an artist, seems to 
have been compelled to seek other employment than that of paint- 
ing portraits. The following advertisement tells its own story: 

L. Kilburn's Paint Store, at the White Hall, New York, Hath 
for Sale, 

White lead Vermillion 

Spanish brown Prussian blue 

Yellow oaker White vitriol 

Verdigrise Spanish whiting 

Red lead Paint brushes 

Linseed oil Window glass, 6 by 8; 7 by 9; 

White varnish 8 by 10; gbyii; lobyiz; 

Spirits of turpentine n by 13, etc., etc., etc. 

All as cheap as anybody sells in the place. [N. Y. Journal; 
or The General Advertiser, June 11, 1772.] 

The following tells the last sad story of this Artist's career: 
All persons indebted to the estate of Lawrence Kilburn, de- 
ceased, are hereby requested to make immediate payment to Ju- 
dith Kilburn, executrix, who has for sale at her house next door to 
the Hon. John Watts, Esq.; wholesale and retail, on the most rea- 
sonable terms, for cash, viz.: 

White lead ground in oil, ditto dry, red lead, Spanish brown 
ground in oil, ditto dry, yellow oaker, ground ditto, verdigrease 
ground in oil, ditto dry, rose, pink, Dutch pink, Prussian blue, 
Turkyumber, Naples yellow. Also 8 by 6, 9 by 7, 10 by 8, n by 
9, and 12 by 10 crown window glass. [Rivington's N. Y. Gazetteer, 
September 21, 1775.] 



4 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

Just published, and to be sold by Garrat Noel, Bookseller, in 
Dock street. 

A large, and very curious Plan of the city of Philadelphia, 
taken by George Heap, from the Jersey-Shore, under the direction 
of Nicholas Scull, surveyor general of the province of Pennsyl- 
vania. This fine prospective contains four sheets, on imperial paper, 
price, Three Dollars, in sheets. [N. Y. Mercury, March 17, 1755.] 

Stephen Dwight, late an apprentice to Henry Hardcastle, 
carver, has now set up his business, between the Ferry Stairs, and 
Burling Slip, where he carves all sorts of ship and house work and 
also tables, chairs, picture and looking-glass frames, and all kinds 
of work for cabinet makers, in the best manner and on reasonable 
terms. [N. Y. Mercury, Sept. 22, 1755.] 

Henry Dawkins, engraver, who lately lived with Mr. Anthony 
Lamb, has now set up his business in the shop late Mr. Paiba's, 
opposite the Merchants CofFee-House, in New York, where he en- 
graves in all sorts of mettals. Gentlemen that will favour him 
with their work, may depend on having it done in the best man- 
ner, with expedition, and on the most reasonable terms. [N. Y. 
Mercury October 20 1755.] 

Thomas M'llworth, Portrait Painter, has removed to the 
House wherein Mr. Garden Proctor now lives, being that wherein 
Colonel Josiah Martin lately lived, near Mr. Joseph Haynes's. 
[N. Y. Mercury, May 8, 1758.] 

For Publishing by Subscription 

Two different water views, and two different land views, of 
this flourishing city of New York. The editor and engraver, has 
taken great pains, and been very exact in laying down these four 
beautiful prospects, with which the city presents itself to the eye 
of every judicious Beholder. He hopes to meet with encourage- 
ment from all Gentlemen and Ladies, &c. especially, as nothing of 
this Kind ever has been undertaken before by anybody in this part 
of the world. 

Conditions of Subscription 

i. These above-mentioned four different views, with the re- 
spective references, in English, High Dutch and Low Dutch, will 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 5 

be curiously engraved on a copper plate, of 21 by 12 inches each, 
and printed on best large paper. 

2. A plan of the streets, &c. of this city, with their respective 
names, will also be neatly engraved on another copper plate, and 
printed on best large paper. 

3. Each subscriber to sign his name, and give his quality and 
place of abode. 

4. These four prints will be delivered on or before the last 
day of May next, to the several subscribers at their place of abode, 
at Twenty Shillings, New York currency; one-half to be paid on 
subscribing, the other half on the delivery of the five prints. 

5. The subscription will be closed on the 28th day of May 
next, after which none will be sold or disposed of. 

6. A separate Pamphlet will be published along with the 
prints, giving an exact account of the wholesome climate, pleasant 
situations, products, &c. of this province, for the benefit of the 
subscribers, which they may chuse, either in English, High Dutch, 
or Low Dutch. 

7. The above plates are partly finished engraving. 

The editor and publisher has settled a correspondence in the 
most noted cities and towns in New York government New Eng- 
land, the Jersies, and Pennsylvania, for to deliver the prints im- 
mediately after publication, whereof notice will be given in the 
public News-Papers in New York, Boston, Philadelphia, &c. 

Subscriptions are taken in by W. Weyman, Printer in Broad 
Street, Hugh Gaine, in Hanover Square, John Holt at Burling's 
Slip, and Michael De Bruls, publisher and engraver of the above 
plates, at the lower end of New Street, next door to Col. Thody. 

P. S. The reason why these above-mentioned four views, 
with the plans of this city, have not been finished and delivered 
according to Advertisement, is, ist, a great many Gentlemen and 
Ladies, having as yet only promised to subscribe; this my under- 
taking being of a very extraordinary charge to me. 2d. I find a 
great deal more land laid in lots additional to this city, than what 
I was acquainted with, consequently requires more expence and 
time to complete the same; particularly as I am desirous to give 
Satisfaction to all those that have come and may encourage the 
above undertaking, as well as for my recomendation and credit; 
therefore, all Gentlemen, and others are requested to be expedi- 



6 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

tious in subscribing, and giving in their names and places of abode 
as they are intended to be printed, and prefixed to the pamphlet. 

And in complying with this request, they will greatly oblige 
their most obliged humble servant, 

MICHAEL DE BRULS. 

[N. Y. Gazette, Printed by W. Weyman, March 7, 1763.] 
A Drawing-School 

Any young Gentleman inclined to learn the Principles of De- 
sign, so far as to be able to draw any Object and Shade them with 
Indian ink or Water-Colours, which is both useful and ornamental, 
may be taught by John Durand, at any Time after four in the 
Afternoon, at his House in Broad-Street, near the City-Hall, for a 
reasonable Price. 

[N. Y. Journal or General Advertiser, Nov. 26, 1767.] 

The subscriber having from his infancy endeavoured to qual- 
ify himself in the art of historical painting, humbly hopes for that 
encouragement from the gentlemen and ladies of this city and 
province, that so elegant and entertaining an art has always ob- 
tain'd from people of the most improved minds and best taste and 
judgment, in all polite nations in every age. And tho' he is sen- 
sible that to excel, (in this branch of painting especially) requires 
a more ample fund of universal and accurate knowledge than he 
can pretend to, in geometry, geography, perspective, anatomy, 
expression of the passions, antient and modern history, &c., &c. 
yet he hopes, from the good nature and indulgence of the gentle- 
men and ladies who employ him, that his humble attempts, in 
which his best endeavours will not be wanting, will meet with 
acceptance, and give satisfaction; and he proposes to work at as 
cheap rates as any person in America. 

To such gentlemen and ladies as have thought but little upon 
this subject and might only regard painting as a superfluous orna- 
ment, I would just observe, that history painting, besides being 
extremely ornamental has many important uses. 

It presents to our view some of the most interesting scenes 
recorded in antient or modern history, gives us more lively and 
perfect ideas of the things represented, than we could receive from 
a historical account of them, and frequently recalls to our memory 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 7 

a long train of events with which those representations were con- 
nected. They show us a proper expression of the passions excited 
by every event, and have an effect, the very same in kind, (but 
stronger) that a fine historical description of the same passage 
would have upon a judicious reader. Men who have distinguished 
themselves for the good of their country and mankind, may be set 
before our eyes as examples, and to give us their silent lessons 
and besides, every judicious friend and visitant shares, with us in 
the advantage and improvement, and increases its value to our- 
selves. 

JOHN DURAND, 

Near the city hall, broad street, 
[N. Y. Journal; or the General Advertiser, April 7, 1768.] 

William Williams, Painter at Rembrandt's Head, in Batteaux- 
street, undertakes painting in general, viz.: History, portraiture, 
landskip, sign painting, lettering, gilding, and strewing smalt. N. 
B. He cleans, repairs, and varnishes, any old pictures of value, 
and teaches the art of drawing. Those ladies or gentlemen who 
may be pleased to employ him, may depend on care and dispatch. 
[N. Y. Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 8, 1769.] 

Mr. Du Simitiere, Miniature Painter, Intending shortly to 
leave this City, and it being uncertain whether he will return 
again, if any Gentlemen or Ladies should incline to employ him, 
he is to be seen at his Lodgings, in the House of Mrs. Ferrara, in 
Maiden Lane. 

[N. Y. Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 31, 1769.] 

Among the Artists who practised their Profession in Colonial 
New York, was Abraham De Lanoy, Junior, a native of that city. 

He was the son, probably, of Abraham De Lanoy, who was 
celebrated in his day as a dealer in Pickled Oysters and Lobsters; 
but the time of his birth is not known. 

He is said to have married Rachel Marling [Martling] on the 
twenty-seventh of September, 1763; but it is evident, from the 
following, that he visited Europe and received instructions from 
Benjamin West, before 1771. 



8 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

To the Publick. Likenesses Painted for a reasonable Price, by 
A. Delanoy, Jun., who has been Taught by the celebrated Mr. 
Benjamin West, in London. N. B. Is to be spoke with opposite 
Mr. Dirck Schuyler's, at his Fathers. 

[N. Y. Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, January 7, 1771.] 

It is probable that this flourish of trumpets did not produce 
that effect which Mr. De Lanoy expected and desired, since less 
than six months afterwards he seems to have embarked in a new 
business, as will be seen from the following advertisement: 

The following Articles, to be sold very cheap, at wholesale or 
retail, by Abraham Delanoy, Jun. At his House in the main 
Street, between Burling's-Slip and the Fly Market, opposite Mr. 
Brevoort's Store of Tin Ware, and next Door to Dr. Bard, Jun., 
viz.: 

Old Madeira, Teneriff and sweet wines, claret, wine bitters; 
Jamaica spirits and Antigua rum, brandy, Geneva, Molasses; 
vinegar, sweet oil, raisins, currants, and figs, citron, sugar candy, 
sugar almonds and do. in the shell, prunes and prunelloes; Teas 
and Spices of all Sorts, best Chocolate and Coffee; double and 
single refin'd loaf sugar, best and low priced muscovado sugars; 
rice, black and Cayenne pepper, Durham and New York flour 
mustard, fine salt and alum, castile soap, snufF, pipes; pickles in 
cags fit for exportation, a small quantity of quince, peach and Hol- 
land plum sweet meats, fresh imported, Cheshire and Gloucester- 
shire cheese; paper, quills, ink, and ink powder, sealing wax and 
wafers; best White Chapel needles, Scotch threads, and pins, 
empty twelve bottle cases, &c., &c., &c. Most kinds of Painting 
done as usual, at reasonable rates. 

\N. Y. Journal; or, the General Advertiser, June 20, 1771.] 

Dunlap says that, in his latter days, Mr. De Lanoy was con- 
sumptive, poor, and dependent on Sign-Painting for his support. 
Dunlap's first production in oil was a head of Admiral Hood, from 
recollection, which he painted on a sign for this old gentleman. 

He is said to have been awkward in his address and of unpre- 
possessing appearance, although he was mild in his manners and, 
probably, retiring in his habits. 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 9 

The exact date of his death is unknown; although he is sup- 
posed to have died about 1786. 

He appears to have been patronized, before he visited Europe, 
by the Beekmans; and it is probable that among the descendants 
of that family, and their connections, some of the works of this 
early artist may yet be found. 

Mrs. Wright's Wax Work Burned 

New York, June loth. On Monday evening [June 3d] about 
8 o'clock, a Fire was discover'd in the House of Mrs. Wright, the 
ingenious Artist in Wax Work, and Proprietor of the Figures so 
nearly resembling the Life, which have for some Time past been 
exhibited in this City to general Satisfaction. The Accident hap- 
pen'd when Mrs. Wright was abroad, and only Children at home, 
and was occasion'd by one of them accidentally setting Fire to a 
Curtain inclosing some of the Figures: The Child for some Time 
in vain endeavour'd to extinguish the Fire; which was soon com- 
municated to the Clothes of the Figures, and the Wax of which 
they were composed. The Neighbours immediately assembled, 
and with the greatest Care and Expedition, gave all possible As- 
sistance in removing and preserving the Household Goods. The 
Fire Engines play'd into the House and soon extinguished the 
Flames, with little Damage to the House; but, tho' most of the 
Wax Work was destroyed, together with some New Pieces which 
Mrs. Wells (Sister to Mrs. Wright) had lately brought from 
Charlestown; the whole amounting it is said to the Value of sev- 
eral Hundred Pounds; yet she was so fortunate as to save the 
curious Piece of the Rev. Mr. Whitfield, the Pennsylvania Farmer 
and some others, which she still continues to exhibit, and we hear 
that she proposes to repair the Loss sustained by this Fire, as soon 
as possible, by making some, new and curious Pieces. 
[N. Y. Gazette, or the Weekly Post Boy, New York, June loth, 1771.] 

New York, August 5th. It is said Mrs. Wright, with the as- 
sistance of her Sister, Mrs. Wells, has been so assiduous in repair- 
ing the Damages done to the Wax Work by the late Fire in her 
House, that the Defect is not only supplied by new Pieces, the 
Subjects of which are interesting and well chosen, but they are 
executed with superior Skill and Judgement, as the Performers 



10 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

have improved by Practice and Experience: To both these extraor- 
dinary Geniuses, may without Impropriety be applied what Ad- 
dison says of Kneller, a little varied. 

By Heav'n and Nature, not a Master taught, 
They give to Statues, Passion, Life and Thought. 
\N. Y. Gazette, or the Weekly Post Boy, New York, August 5th, 1771.] 

To Mr. Holt 

The many noble Specimens of Taste and Elegance which at- 
tract the Attention of Strangers, who visit this City, convey very 
striking assurances of our Zeal for, and the Encouragement we give 
to the Polite Arts. The Circulation of the News Papers, (in which 
I observe with Pleasure, Advertisements, particularly addressed to 
Ladies, and Gentlemen of Taste) communicate this to distant Re- 
gions, and prove presumptively, that such Persons reside among us. 

At the same Time give me Leave to observe, that if the same 
Taste prevails on any other Part of the Continent, which I greatly 
doubt, as our Alexander and Bucephalus, yet remain unrivaled, 
your Papers have furnished an Assertion, which may eventually 
occasion much Trouble. 

If I mistake not, I read in Capital Characters, Pictures adver- 
tised for Sale, whose Prints, cost, from 2, to 300 Pounds Engrav- 
ing. Tho' I was sorry the Owners of such Pictures were reduced 
to the Necessity of selling them, some being in the Collection of 
the Royal Family, and others in those of the Chief Nobility, in 
what Manner they should escape the Dillitanti in England, to so- 
licit the Lovers of Virtu here, requires Elucidation, which you and 
your Neighbour, Gaine, should afford the Public. Otherwise a 
Quaker from Philadelphia may cross 5 Ferries, in Search of Claude 
Lorrain, and a New England Colonel may travel 200 Miles to find 
Carlo Maratto, and both be egregiously disappointed. 

I must beg leave also to Hint to our Academy of Inscriptions 
here, to restore Magna Charta to its primitive State. I allow their 
Patriotism its full Credit, and think with them, that, at a Time 
when the Stamp Act was in Force, and Taxes were imposed upon 
us, it became us as English Men to make the Letter E entirely In- 
dependent, and not suffer it to associate with the rascally A,* so 
avowedly an Administration Letter. Affairs having, by the bad 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 11 

Example of our Neighbours, now taken a different Turn, I hope 
the Inscription will henceforth unite those two Letters in Friend- 
ship, that so they may, like us and our Mother Country, again act 
Cheek by Jowl together. 

I am your's, 

A YORKIST. 
*Vid. The Scroll on Pitt's Statue. 

[N. Y. Journal; or Gen. Advertiser, January 9, 1772.] 

This Day is published, Price Half a Guinea, Lieutenant 
Pierie's incomparably elegant view of the great cataract of 

NIAGARA 

From a painting of Mr. Wilson, which sold for 150 guineas. 

[Rivington's N. Y. Gazetteer, July 7, 1774.] 

William Birchall Tetley, from London, Begs leave to acquaint 
the Public, that he has taken a commodious house, the corner of 
Beaver-street,- and facing General Haldimand's; where he pur- 
poses painting portraits in oil, or in miniature for the bracelet, or 
so small as to be set in a ring. 

Those Ladies and Gentlemen who please to favour him with 
their commands, may depend on having them done in the best 
manner, and with the greatest expedition. 

[Rivington's N. Y. Gazetteer, August 4, 1774.] 

John Hutt, Engraver in General, And Copper Plate Printer, 
Directly opposite the Coffee-House, in Water-Street, New York, 
Performs every Article in the different Branches of Engraving, 
with the utmost Neatness and Dispatch. 

N. B. Stamps cut for the News-Papers On the shortest No- 
tice, Arms neatly painted on vellum. 

Copper Plate Printing. 

Said Hutt having lately, for the better accommodation of his 
Customers and the Public in general, erected a Press for that Pur- 
pose, by which means he will be enabled to execute every Piece of 
Engraving he is favour'd with in a neater, more expeditious, and 



12 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

reasonable manner than heretofore could be done, the Printing 
Branch being attended with great Difficulty, and an Expence 
rather extravagant. 

[N. Y. Gazette and Weekly Mercury, Sept. 5, 1774.] 

William Birchall Tetley, from London, Begs leave to acquaint 
the public, that he has taken a commodious house the corner of 
Beaver-Street, and facing General Haldimand's, where he pro- 
poses painting 

PORTRAITS, 

In oil or in miniature, for the bracelet, or so small as to be set in 
a ring. Those ladies and gentlemen who please to favour him 
with their commands may depend on having them done in the best 
manner, and with the greatest expedition. 

Likewise teaches ladies and gentlemen drawing and painting 
crayons, or in water colours, at home or abroad, on reasonable 
terms. 

[Rivington's N. Y. Gazetteer, Sept. 8, 1774.] 

Henry Purcell, Engraver, Begs leave to acquaint his friends in 
particular, and the Public in general, that he has opened a shop 
in Broad-Way, nearly opposite Mr. Hull's tavern, where he carries 
on the engraving business in its different branches, and hopes he 
can give satisfaction to any gentleman that may be pleased to 
favour him with their commands, as they may depend on the 
greatest care and dispatch. 

[Rivington's N. Y. Gazetteer, September 15, 1774.] 

This day is published, and ready to be delivered to the sub- 
scribers, price 1 8s. 6d. 

Lieut. Pierie's Elegant Print of the Fall of Niagara. To be 
had of James Rivington. 

[Rivington's N. Y. Gazetteer, Sept. 15, 1774.] 

Stone Seals neatly engraved by William Bateman, from Lon- 
don, at the House of Mr. Hopkins, Pilot, in Fair-Street, New- York. 

Engraves coats of arms, crests, cyphers, figures, heads and 
fancies in the neatest manner, and on the most reasonable terms. 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 13 

Gold seals made in the newest fashion, arms neatly painted on 
vellum. 

N. B. Most money for broken, cracked, or foul diamonds. 

[Rivington's N. Y. Gazetteer, Oct. 20, 1774.] 

Henry Purcell, Engraver, Begs leave to acquaint his friends in 
particular, and the public in general, that he has removed from 
Broad-Way to Dock-Street, nearly opposite the Old Coffee-House, 
where he carries on the Engraving Business in its different 
branches with the greatest care and dispatch, viz.: 
Copper plates of all kinds Gun furniture 

Arms, Crests, Cyphers, Harness ditto 

&c. on plate Cyphers, &c. on whips 

Ditto on watches Mourning rings 

Ditto on seals of any Door plates 

Metal Types Dog collars, &c., &c. 

Free Mason's medals. 

He returns his most hearty thanks to those Gentlemen who 
have been so kind as to favour him with their custom, and hopes 
for a continuation of their favours. 

N. B. Silversmiths may depend on having their work exe- 
cuted at the shortest notice. 

[N. Y. Gazette and Weekly Mercury, June 26, 1775.] 

On Tuesday the 6th May next, at 12 o'clock, will be sold at 
public vendue, at the house of Mr. Isaac Low, in Dock-Street, 

The fine Old Paintings, Late the property of Mr. Cornelius 
Low, deceased. 

[N. Y. Gazette and Weekly Mercury, April 28, 1777.] 

The fine Old Paintings, Late the property of Mr. Cornelius 
Low, deceased, that were to have been sold last Tuesday, at the 
house of Mr. Isaac Low, in Dock-street, will be sold at twelve 
o'clock tomorrow, at the house of Mr. John Taylor, near the Fly- 
Market, where Judge Hicks lately lived, and where the paintings 
may be seen in the meantime. 

[N. Y. Gazette and Weekly Mercury, May 12, 1777.] 



14 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

William Rowand, Portrait-Painter, (Lately from Glasgow) 
Proposes at his lodgings, No. 59 Wall-Street, if encouragement 
offers soon, to begin painting in miniature, the weather not per- 
mitting painting in large, longer, and, to teach gentlemen and 
ladies the art of drawing. At his lodgings, now, the lovers of the 
fine arts, may see an original painting in oil, by himself emblem- 
atic of the times. 

Rivington's New- York Loyal Gazette, December 6, 1777. 

Engraving Done in the neatest manner, By George Smith, 
From London, At Capt. Smith's in Water-Street, or at Mr. Proc- 
tor's Watch-Maker, opposite the Coffee-House Bridge. 

Royal Gazette, January 10, 1778. 

John Murray, Engraver, in the 52d regiment, from Edin- 
burgh, takes this method to inform the Public, That he engraves 
all manner of silver plate, ornaments, gold and silver watch cases, 
cyphers upon silver and steel seals, ladies' visiting and company 
cards, message cards, &c. Coats of arms upon copper, for gentle- 
men's books, office seals, officers gorgets and sword-belt plates, 
neatly engraved, and the above John Murray promises to perform 
his work by the greatest dispatch, and also at the Old Country price. 

N. B. He is to be found at Mr. M'Kenzie's, Barrack-Master, 
Tryon Row, or at his own room in the 57 Regiment, back of the 

Provost, or at the Printer hereof. n , ^ T- , 

Royal Gazette, reb. 21, 1778. 

Miniature Profiles. No. 20, Golden-Hill, opposite the sign of 
the Unicorn: J. Colles, Having had the honour of taking off the 
Profiles of many of the Nobility in England and Ireland, begs 
leave to inform the ladies and gentlemen in New York, that he 
takes the most Striking Likeness in Miniature Profile, of any Size, 
at so low a price as Two Dollars each, framed and glazed: A 
specimen only (which may be seen at Hugh Game's) can furnish 
an idea of the execution. 

Hours of attendance from 10 o'clock in the morning till 4 in 
the afternoon. It requires only a moment's fitting. 

N. Y. Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, November 9, 1778. 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 15 

Any Lady or Gentleman desirous of employing a Limner to 
draw their Pictures, or a family-piece, at half, three-quarters, or 
whole length, whether in Crayons or Oil Colours, will be attended, 
On leaving their address at Mr. Joseph Totten's, merchant, the 
corner of Beekman's Street; they will, if required, be waited on 
with specimens of his abilities. 

Royal Gazette, Sept. 26, 1778. 

William Williams, Portrait Painter, Acquaints the Ladies and 
Gentlemen, that he has taken a room, at Mr. Greswold's, No. 163, 
Queen Street, next door to Mr. Joseph Totten's, where he carries 
on the business of Portrait Painting in all its branches, on the 
most reasonable terms. 

Royal Gazette, March 6, 1779. 

James Smither, Engraver and Seal Cutter, Late of Philadel- 
phia, at the Golden-Head, No. 923, in Water-Street, near the 
Coffee-House, and next door but one to Mr. Nutter's, where he 
engraves in the most elegant manner Coats of Arms, Seals, Maps, 
Copper Plates, and all other kind of engraving. 

Royal Gazette, May 22, 1779. 



Striking Likenesses in Miniature Profile, taken by John Colles, 
almost opposite the Coffee House, upstairs at Mr. Lucas's, having 
had the honour of taking off the Profiles of many of the Nobility 
in England and Ireland, begs leave to inform the Ladies and Gen- 
tlemen in New York, that at a moment's sitting he assures a strik- 
ing likeness; a specimen only can furnish an idea of the execution, 
the price of the likeness framed and glazed is two dollars. 

N. B. He has few instruments made on an entire new plan, 
for reducing of likenesses, &c. which he will sell at Two Guineas 
each, with which he will instruct the purchaser the use of them, 
and the whole art of reducing figures of any size; he will have in a 
few days a neat assortment of pattern patent ribbons, and hand- 
kerchiefs, which will be worth the attention of the Ladies. 

Royal Gazette, May 10, 1780. 



16 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

Mr. John Colles having fully impowered me to transact his 
business during his absence, I hereby request those indebted to 
him to call and make payment, and those that have demands 
against him to make them known to 

WM. DONALDSON, 
No. 1091 Water Street. 
Royal Gazette, Sept. 27, 1780. 

J. Ramage, Miniature Painter, Chapel Street, No. 17,* begs 
leave to acquaint his friends he has received by the last vessels 
from England, a large assortment of Ivory Chrystals and Cases, 
with every other thing necessary in his branch of business. 

Royal Gazette, October 18, 1780. 

SIGN PAINTING, GILDING, &c. &c. 

Performed in a neat manner, at No. 30 Maiden-Lane, oppo- 
site the Pump. A large Dry Cellar to be let, possession to be given 
the first of May. [Rivington's Royal Gazette, April 10, 1782.] 

The Subscriber proposes to instruct young gentlemen and 
ladies in drawing, also painting landskips, sea-pieces, &c. with 
water or oil colours, and the principles of perspective. Instruction 
also may be given to draw copie or protract maps according to the 
various methods adapted, plans and elevations in architecture or 
fortifications, &c. 

If a number sufficient to answer the design, offer, a proper 
place will be fixt, and the time appointed jointly to answer the ex- 
pediency of the pupils. Please to leave notice at Mr. Gaine's. 

B. Garrison 
[New York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, April 29, 1782.] 

JOHN LAWRENCE 
Drawing Master 

Presents his respectful compliments to the Ladies and Gentle- 
men of New- York, and its environs, begs leave to inform them, that 
he purposes teaching drawing. Those Ladies and Gentlemen that 

*Ramage advertised Nov. 15, 1780, at No. 77 Chappel St. 




MRS. JOHN PINTARD (1765-1838) 

(Elizabeth Brasher) 

By John Ramage 




JOHN PINTARD (1759-181* 
By John Ramage 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 17 

please to employ him, may depend on his using his utmost assidu- 
ity. A Line left for him at the Coffee-House, or at Mr. Rivington's, 
will come to hand. He may be spoke with at the above house, 
Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, from Eleven till One o'Clock. 

N. B. Specimens of his abilities may be seen by applying to 
said LAWRENCE. 

f Rivington's New-York Gazette and Universal Advertiser, Dec. 
10, 1783.] 

The ingenious captain Peale, is now preparing the paintings; 
and those figures that are finished have afforded the highest satis- 
faction of all persons who have seen them. Among them is a strik- 
ing likeness of our justly beloved commander in chief. As the 
illumination will continue for many hours, the spectators will have 
an opportunity of examining the whole work at leisure. 
[The Pennsylvania Packet, and General Advertiser, Dec. 30, 1783.] 

Mr. Peale's ingenious representation of paintings, having been 
prevented by an unfortunate accident, a number of citizens de- 
sirous of testifying their regard for his particular merit on this 
occasion, and of shewing their zeal and attachment to the glorious 
cause of the intended celebration, have agreed to raise a sum by 
subscription to renew the exhibition. 

It is presumed, from the very rapid and generous manner in 
which gentlemen have already subscribed, that a sufficient sum 
will be raised in the course of a day or two, to complete the work. 

N. B. It may not be amiss to observe, Mr. Peale's generosity 
was such, that he had it in contemplation to renew the paintings 
at his own expense. 

[The Pennsylvania Packet, and General Advertiser, January 27, 
1784.] 

AMERICAN MUSEUM 

The Gentlemen and Ladies, strangers to this city, and their 
friends, who are desirous to see the Curiosities it contains, are re- 
quested to take notice, that to make it more convenient to them, 
the subscriber's collection of natural and artificial Curiosities, 
Paintings, &c. may be viewed every day (Sunday excepted) at 12 
in the forenoon and between 3 and 5 in the afternoon, allowing one 



18 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

hour for each company. Tickets to be had at the subscriber's 
house in Arch street, the fourth door below Fourth-street, at half 
a dollar each, for a company, and one dollar for a single person. 

P. E. Du SIMITIERE. 

N. B. The State Lottery Office is kept in the front room be- 
low stairs. 
[The Pennsylvania Packet, and General Advertiser, May 13, 1784.] 

PETER MAVERICK, Engraver, 

Takes this method to inform the public, that he takes in En- 
graving at No. 3, Crown-street, next to the old Quaker-Meeting, 
where gentlemen may have their coats of arms, crests or cyphers 
done in the neatest manner. Ladies may have their tea-table plate 
ornamented in the newest fashion, with elegance and dispatch, by 
applying to their humble servant PETER MAVERICK. 

[ The New York Packet and the American Advertiser, July 12, 1784.] 

DANCING & DRAWING 

Mr. Quesnay begs leave to inform the Public, that he pro- 
poses opening an Academy for the tuition of the French Language, 
Dancing and Drawing, in this City, on the ist of October, next, at 
No. 32, Broad-street, being the large house of the late Lord Stir- 
ling, which will be genteely repaired for the purpose. 

Mr. Quesnay having taught with great applause in Philadel- 
phia for four years, flatters himself that this will be thought a 
sufficient proof of his ability in teaching those different genteel 
branches of education. 

The French language will be taught grammatically, according 
to the rules of the French Academy in Paris. 

The Drawing Scholars shall be instructed at their own option, 
either to paint likenesses in miniature, crayon or pencil to draw and 
paint landscapes, flowers, fruits, &c. Also, maps and fortifications. 

Dancing taught both in the English and French modes: The 
Dancing School will be attended 3 times a week; and the ladies 
and gentlemen who may compose said school, shall be admitted, 
in public, once every fortnight regularly. 

The prices for each school, will be one guinea by the month, 
and eight dollars entrance, for the French language, and the same 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 19 

for drawing; eight dollars by the quarter for dancing, and six dol- 
lars entrance for those who never learned before. 

Ladies and gentlemen who are desirous of being more particu- 
larly informed of the time to attend the different schools, are re- 
quested to apply to Mr. Crolieus, in Queen-street, No. 165, or at 
Mr. Van Dyck's, in Smith street, No. II. 
[The New York Packet and American Advertiser, September 20, 1784.] 

To THE CITIZENS OF NEW YORK 

The delicacy a person naturally feels in addressing a public, is 
greatly increased when that person is both a stranger and a for- 
eigner, who not only wishes to reside among you, but is also de- 
sirous to be useful to the community. It would be presuming too 
far to detail his connections and family in France. It is sufficient 
that he is satisfied both are honorable, as he can easily convince 
such as may please to enquire. The person who has the honour to 
address you, came over to this country, and engaged in its service 
at a very early period of the war: He has the happiness to survive 
the glorious revolution, and is among the foremost to wish its 
blessing handed down to the latest posterity. 

The greatest means to effect so desirable a purpose, is to give 
proper attention to the education of your youth. Whilst your 
Legislature superintends your public seminaries of learning, indi- 
viduals are in duty bound, to encourage such institutions as may 
tend to the improvement of the manners of their children. Many 
branches of education, common in Europe, are wholly unknown, 
or slightly attended to, in this country; and in the circle of polite 
arts, to accomplish a youth, you have heretofore been under the 
necessity of sending them to Europe. It is now proper to attend 
to these things at home, and by suitable encouragement to able 
masters, a great saving of time and expence may be derived. The 
genius of the inhabitants of these United States is susceptible of 
any improvement. All Europe already view, with astonishment, 
your abilities in the fields of war and politics, convince them also 
of your taste for the polite arts and sciences. A West, A Copley, 
evidently prove your capacity in these respects. The considera- 
tion of the great utility of a public institution, where the culture 
of the polite arts may be properly attended to, induced me to at- 



20 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

tempt the foundation of an Academy, the success of which much 
depends on the encouragement of a generous public, to whom I 
humbly submit the following plan of the Academy of the polite Arts. 

Branches of foreign Language, viz. French, Italian, and German; 
Painting, in every Branch; Geography, Astronomy, Architecture, 
Fortification, and Surveying, Music, Riding, Fencing and Dancing. 

The Academy to be under the Superintendency of twelve per- 
sons, principal inhabitants of this city, to whose judgment shall be 
submitted each branch of the Academy, and who shall be requested 
to visit quarterly the respective Schools, to give their opinion on the 
proficiency of the Scholars. Any observations which may tend to 
perfect the plan of the institution, will be most strictly attended to. 

Should the expected encouragement to this Academy be met 
with, the most accomplished matters in the respective branches 
shall be sent for from Europe, that every possible advantage may 
arise to the Scholar, and no pains shall be spared to render the 
design of the Institution as compleat as possible. To create emu- 
lation among the Scholars, each School shall be opened once a 
week to the visits of such parents and persons as may be inclined 
to attend to the progress their children may make in the respective 
branches. A. QUESNAY. 

***Mr. Quesnay has leased, for a number of years, the House 
of the late Lord Stirling, in Broad-street, which is every way com- 
modious and suitable for the undertaking, and will soon be re- 
paired to receive masters from Europe, in the respective branches 
of his Academy. 
[The New-York Gazetteer, and Country Journal, November 16, 1784.] 

AT MR. STITES'S 
No. 178, Queen street, 

Likenesses (simply imitative of the originals) are painted in 
crayons, at one guinea each; with elegant oval gilt frames in- 
cluded. Seals and Copperplates, Cyphers, Crests, Toys, Trifles, 
&c. Engraved. 

Hair Devices set in Rings, Lockets, &c. Watches Repaired: 
And any Wheel, arbor, Pevot, Spring, Cock, Slide, Figure-piece, 

verge, &c. made new and fitted. 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 21 

Watch Glasses fitted at one shilling each, and a quantity to be sold 

cheap for ready cash. 

Any curious Punch or Instrument made in steel, iron, brass, &c. 

BY B. BIRCH, from London. 
[Loudon's New-York Packet. November 25, 1784.] 

PROPOSALS 

Of the Mode for effectuating the Institution of the Academy of 
Polite Arts, in New York. 

BY ALEXANDER MARIE QUESNAY 

I. That on the first of January, 1785, all the subscribers of the 
Society Assembly will meet in the Academy of Polite Arts for the 
purpose of electing twelve gentlemen Councellors, Trustees and 
Patrons; also seven managers for the Academy, to which Mr. 
Quesnay shall be added. 

II. The said Alexander M. Quesnay and his successors, shall be 
obligated to pay the greatest deference, respect, regard and con- 
sideration to the advice and direction of the said councellors, 
patrons and trustees for any matter, that will tend to the improve- 
ment of the scholars of the said academy, and see that all the 
masters, attendants and persons employed by him or them shall do 
the same. 

III. The twelve Councellors, Patrons and Trustees will meet 
quarterly in every year, viz. on the first Monday in January, April, 
July, and October, and take proper time to visit every school in the 
Academy of polite Arts; and examine, advise and encourage the 
scholars; and before they separate will give such directions to the 
said Alexander M. Quesnay, as they may deem proper for promoting 
the said institution, and also adjust and determine all disputes that 
may arise concerning the Academy. 

IV. The said Councellors, Patrons and Trustees shall have 
power to reprimand, and even expose to public censure the said 
Alexander M. Quesnay, in case of misconduct on his part, according 
to the degree or nature of the offence. But it is to be understood 
that the said Councellors, Patrons, or Trustees, are not to remove 
the said Alexander M. Quesnay from his office, or post, as long as 
he may chuse to retain the same; but his successors to b^ entirely 



22 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

at the disposal and direction of the said Councellors, Patrons or 
Trustees. 

V. No masters shall be appointed without being previously 
examined and approved of by the said Councellors, Patrons, and 
Trustees, from whom, and Mr. Quesnay, their commission must be 
obtained; (excepting those who may be sent for by Mr. Quesnay 
from Europe) and, as a stimulus to genius and merit, the masters 
will be allowed to have benefit concerts, balls, or other entertain- 
ments, as an addition to their annual salary. 

VI. The Councellors, Patrons and Trustees aforesaid agree 
that the said Alexander M. Quesnay shall have power to regulate 
and fix the prices of the different schools during his life, or con- 
tinuance in his office. He engaging upon his honor to make them 
as reasonable as possible, to evince his respect and attention to the 
interests of the public, to whom he professes himself entirely 
devoted; but after his death, or resignation of his charge, the said 
trustees to act as they think proper in this respect. 

VII. The said Councellors, Patrons, and Trustees to retain their 
places so long as they may think proper; and in the election of 
others the said Alexander M. Quesnay, and his successors shall have 
a vote. 

VIII. The said twelve Councellors, Patrons and Trustees are to 
have free access to the Academy whenever they think proper, 
whether during the entertainments or not. 

IX. For raising a suitable fund to support the Academy of 
polite Arts with the dignity which the plan requires, without being 
burthensome to the public there will be every winter season two 
sets of Assemblies; one to be held on Thursday, and the other on 
Monday in the ensuing week; that of Thursday to be called The 
Society Assembly, to which only the subscribers, and those that 
are recommended by two of the managers shall be admitted: 
That of Monday shall be called, The Academy Assembly, at which 
the scholars only shall be permitted to dance, but spectators will 
notwithstanding be admitted on their subscribing, or purchasing a 
ticket of admittance. On these nights there will always be some 
select piece of music, scenery, or other amusement suited to entertain 
the company in the most agreeable manner. 

X. On the second Monday of May, in every year, there shall be a 
general examination of all the branches taught in the Academy, at 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 23 

which as many spectators will be welcome as the Academy will 
contain. 

XI. To extend the utility of the said Academy, and evince, that 
the desire of the said Alexander M. Quesnay is to promote the 
public good, he engages himself to take thirteen children every four 
years, from the age of fourteen to eighteen, and have them instructed 
in such branches of learning as their genius may appear most suited 
to; and shall be treated with such regard and respect as never to 
hurt their feelings; for which trouble and expence he will require 
nothing more than their good conduct and behavior on their part. 
The children are to belong to respectable inhabitants of this state, 
whose private fortune may have been injured by the war, and 
those of officers and soldiers of the army of the United States: 
It is intended they shall wear the uniform of the Academy, and at 
the end of the four years, three of the best and most accomplished 
in the art of painting; shall be sent to Italy, to be compleated in 
that art; which mode Mr. Quesnay will recommend to his suc- 
cessors. 

XII. In case the said Alexander M. Quesnay should die, or 
think proper to relinquish his charge, the said Councellors, Patrons, 
and Trustees engage, on principles of the strictest honor to use 
their best endeavours in the choosing in his room an able and 
worthy person: If an American, he shall be a gentleman of sufficient 
fortune, and shall not engage in any commercial, or other business, 
that his attention may be devoted to the natural interest of the 
Academy; so that if the profits should fail, he may be able to supply 
the loss from the resources of his private fortune. If a foreigner he 
shall be a gentleman of rank in his native country. 

XIII. There shall be thirteen different branches taught in the 
Academy, viz. Italian, German and French; Painting, in every 
branch; Geography, Astronomy, Architecture, Fortification and 
Surveying; Music, Riding, Fencing and Dancing. 

N. B. Such gentlemen of the United States of America as may 
think the above plan worthy their attention and encouragement, 
may become subscribers, although their distance from this city 
may preclude the possibility of personal application; such gentle- 
men will please to apply as soon as possible, in order that the best 
masters, and necessary instruments may be speedily procured from 
Europe, to compleat the Academy. 



24 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

As the Academy is now fitted up to begin several branches: if 
there are in the United States any persons capable of being em- 
ployed as masters, very great encouragement will be given to them 
according to their merit; but none need apply that cannot bring 
certificates of their good conduct and ability, and also be willing 
to give sufficient security for their future conduct, that they will 
not raise any disturbance in the Academy. 

* 5(: *Mr. Quesnay has invented a Celestial and Terrestrial Globe, 
which will render the study of Geography and Astronomy plain and 
easy to the most ignorant. But being unable to find an artist in 
this city capable to construct the same, he will be under the necessity 
of executing the design himself, which will retard him for some 
time before he can exhibit the same to public view. 

[New-York Gazetteer and Country Journal, December 3, 1784.] 

We are requested to give notice to the public, that should any 
person presume to introduce, at any time, into company at the 
Academy of Polite Arts, any Woman of ill-fame, proper plans are 
concerted by Mr. Quesnay's friends to disgrace such person, and 
prosecute the perpetrator. As Mr. Quesnay means to preserve the 
strictest order and decorum in the Academy, he suspects none but 
his enemies will endeavour to disgrace it. 

[Loudon's New-York Packet, December 20, 1784.] 

ENGRAVING 

Ladies and gentlemen who would be pleased to favour the sub- 
scriber with their custom, may depend on having their work well 
done. Gold watches, and tea-table and other plate, ornamented 
in the newest fashion, with neatness and dispatch. Gentlemen, by 
sending a copy of any blanks, coats of arms, &c., may have them done 
in the best manner, by applying to their humble servant. 

PETER MAVERICK, No. 3, Crown-Street, 
next door to the Quaker's old Meeting-house. 

N.B. A Lot of ground, in Dey-street, to be sold. Enquire as 
above. 

The New York Gazetteer, January n, 1785. 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 25 

Engraving done in the neatest manner, by S. Green, No. 46, 

Broad-street. 
London's New York Packet, February 21, 1785. 

PETER LACOUR, 

No. 58 Nassau Street, 

Scholar of the Royal Academy of Painting at Paris. 

Respectfully informs the Public in general that he keeps a School 
of Drawing, for Architecture, Portraits, Ornaments, Landscapes, 
from six o'clock till eight in the evening, for all who are desirous to 
learn those arts. He informs that his manner of teaching is speedy 
and easy, and engages himself in the space of three months to form 
a scholar upon the most elegant plan, and least complicated, pro- 
vided he has an inclination to learn, and a little capacity. 

He proposes to take only 12 scholars for Architecture. He 
likewise teaches young Ladies and Gentlemen abroad, who desire 
to be instructed at their own houses. 

The New York Gazetteer and The Country Journal, December 6, 
1785. 

EXHIBITION OF THE ROYAL ACADEMY 

"The President has called forth in his celebrated Venus, the 
magic powers of his pencil, and has added all the glow and brilliancy 
of colour, to the enchanting sweetness of the cytherean character 
and expression; the Prince may be ranked as the first portrait in the 
room. Loutherborough has produced several wonderful land- 
scapes. Copley has painted a capital group of the three youngest 
princesses; we could wish that the background had been more 
subordinate, and that his eye had been attentive to the greatness 
of distribution which alone constitutes fine art. West has brought 
forward another of his suites of Windsor pictures. Indeed we must 
confess the exhibition much obliged, not only to those gentlemen, 
but to the two other ingenious American artists, Stuart and Brown, 
who have this year distinguished themselves, and given great proofs 
of their promising abilities: Stuart sends three, among which, the 
naval officer holds a conspicuous rank: Brown exhibits six, some 
of which are the most pleasing female portraits in the room." 



26 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

Portraits of Sir William Pepperrell's children, by Brown. A 
charming composition by a promising American artist, the trees 
seem unfinished and hard, but the figures happily disposed, the 
characters beautiful, and the whole coloured true to nature. 

A Lady, by Brown. The chief d'ouvre of this young artist, the 
taste of disposition exquisite, and a charming imitation of a beau- 
tiful woman. 

A strong likeness of Sir William Pepperrell, by M. Brown. The 
colour of the drapery is ill chosen, but the picture has merit. 

We are informed that our countryman, Mr. Brown, whose repu- 
tation as a painter is growing with the most astonishing rapidity, 
has lately sent over to America, as a present to the University at 
Cambridge, the Copperplate engravings of two Scripture pieces, 
viz., "The passion scene," and "The Annunciation," he has lately 
painted for a new church erected in London. The Connoisseurs 
there speak in the highest terms of the execution of the above 
pieces, and the copperplate representations thereof, are done by a 
masterly hand. 

The New York Gazetteer, and The Country Journal, December 
30, 1785- 

SEAL MANUFACTORY, 

Being the first established in America, is now opened in Phila- 
delphia, by 

THOMAS REYNOLDS, 
Stone seal cutter, and jeweller, from London & Dublin. 

Said Reynolds, finding that a number of gentlemen in the neigh- 
bouring states, and particularly New- York, are desirous of having 
their arms, crests, and cyphers engraved, provided they could have 
them done in a masterly manner, beg leave to inform the citizens 
of New- York, that he has commissioned Mr. Montgomery, watch 
maker, No. 33, Wall-street, near the Coffee-house, to receive orders 
for him. Those who may want their arms, crests, cyphers, en- 
graved in any kind of stone, can have them done in the completest 
style, by leaving their orders with Mr. Montgomery, where a speci- 
men of his performance may be seen, and their work executed and 
returned in eight days after application. 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 27 

As Reynolds has had the honor of working for some of the first 
characters in America, and been happy enough to gain their appro- 
bation, he will therefore submit his pretentions to favor and en- 
couragement, to the taste and judgment of a discerning public. 

COATS OF ARMS 

Being used to distinguish the different families of a country 
from one another, even when they are of the same name: it is 
obvious, that in this new and rising empire, they may be made 
subservient to the valuable purpose of ascertaining descents, per- 
petuating the memorial of kindred by marriage, and pointing to 
the various branches of the same family. To obviate the necessity 
gentlemen are frequently under in this country of sending to Europe 
for their family coats of arms, which is attended with considerable 
expense and trouble; the subscriber has been induced to provide 
himself, at much cost and pains, with a curious collection of books 
of heraldry, &c. containing upwards of seventy thousand coats of 
arms; he therefore proposes to furnish those who may be pleased 
to apply to him, with their arms truly blazoned, at two dollars 
each. The subscriber intends registering the names, places of 
residence, &c. of every person applying to him for his arms, to- 
gether with the arms which shall appear to belong to such person, 
in a book that will be provided for that purpose, which shall be 
deposited in the library of this city, as public property. Gentlemen 
already in possession of their arms, may have them registered on 
paying one dollar. If the arms required should not be found, 
nothing will be demanded for the search. 

Coats of arms, crests, cyphers, and all sorts of devices cut on 
stone; likewise all sorts of state and public seals cut on brass, &c. 

***A generous price will be given for books of heraldry. Thomas 
Reynolds. 

*#*0rders are also received by Mr. Lamont, at the Intelligence- 
Office, opposite the Coffee-house. 

The Daily Advertiser, January 21, 1786. 

The Subscriber, ever willing to serve the public, respectfully 
informs them, that he carries on the engraving, seal sinking and 
copper plate printing, at No. 3, Crown-street, where ladies may 
have their tea-table plate engraved, in the most elegant manner 



28 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

and in the newest fashion, resembling the flat chasing, as neat as 
in Europe, 

By their humble servant, 

PETER MAVERICK. 

A Lot of ground in Dey-Street, to be sold. Enquire as above 
The New-York Packet, March 16, 1786. 

WAX-WORK. 

To be seen, at No. 100, the upper end of Queen-street, the house 
formerly occupied by Mrs. Wright, the story of Bell and the Dragon, 
as large as life; with several other curious figures. Admittance 
from nine in the morning till nine at night. Money received at the 
door. 
Price three shillings. 

The Daily Advertiser, March 17, 1786. 

ABR m GODWIN 
Engraver. 

Has removed to the foot of Gold-street, next to the corner of 
Maidenlane, in a house lately occupied by Mr. Morgan painter, 
where he carries on the engraving and seal sinking, business in their 
various branches as usual. 

The Daily Advertiser, March 18, 1786. 

It must give pleasure to the Citizens of this place to find that 
New-York bids fair to out vie the sister States in becoming the seat 
of Arts. Today we are informed of the arrival of Mr. Wright from 
Philadelphia, a gentleman of abilities in Painting, and Son to the 
celebrated modeller and patnotess Mrs. Wright of London, from 

this place as he means to follow his profession as a Limner 

here, we are tempted to believe, every encouragement will be given 
to his Genius. 

The Daily Advertiser, April 7, 1786. 

It is with the utmost regret that we acquaint the public with 
the death of the celebrated American, Mrs. Wright, occasioned by 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 29 

a fall in returning from a visit to our Ambassador, Mr. Adams- 
America has lost in her a warm and sincere friend, as well as one of 
her first ornaments to the arts Those brave fellows, who, during 
the late war, were fortunate enough to escape from the arms of 
tyranny and take sanctuary under her roof, will join us in lamenting 
her loss; whilst her attachment to America and her indefatigable 
attention to the prisoners in distress will render her regretted and 
her memory revered by her country. 

The New-York Gazetteer and The Country Journal* May 19, 
1786. 

We are informed by a correspondent, that Mr. Peale, the por- 
trait Painter, from Philadelphia, will be in this city in a few days, 
to take the likeness of his Excellency the President of Congress, 
and some other public characters, in order to add to his gallery of 
pictures. 

The New-York Packet, August 28, 1786. 

TO BE SOLD, 

A Lot of Ground in Dock-street, west side of the house of Robert 
Watts, Esq: formerly the property of Lawrence Kilburn, 23 feet 
ten inches in front, and in rear on Bridge-street, 21 feet 10 inches, 
on the west side 102 feet 5 inches, and in length, on the east side, 
100 feet. If not sold by private sale by the first of November next, 
it will be sold at public vendue, on Thursday the 2d of November, 
at 12 o'clock, at the CofFee-house. An indisputable title will be 
given, by 

THOMAS MESNARD. 

The New-York Packet, October 19, 1786. 

We are told that our countryman, [Mather] Brown, has drawn 
most of the principal performers on the stage, in the best scenes in 
Shakespear Engravings from all which have been taken for Bell's 
edition of that work. He has, we are also told, in his room, in Lon- 
don, pictures of near one hundred Americans, who are universally 
known: Messrs. Adams and Jefferson, at their head, on one side; 
on the other, those of Sir William Pepperell, and Mr. Treasurer 
Gray. 

The New-York Packet, November 2, 1786. 



30 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

THOMAS REYNOLDS, 
Stone Seal Cutter, from Philadelphia, 

At Robt. Montgomery's No. 38, Wall-Street, opposite the Coffee- 

House Bridge. 

Informs the Public that he Cuts Coats of Arms, Crests, Cyphers, 
Public and Office Seals, in the very Newest Styles; said Reynolds 
has a number of Blank Seals ready for Cutting, and Blank Cornelian 
Stones. Any person wanting their Arms, can be furnished with a 
sketch of them at two dollars. 

[The Daily Advertiser, January 15, 1787.] 

Baltimore, Jan. 23. 

A correspondent has favored us with a description of the frontis- 
piece to the Buds of Beauty, etc. (just published) and as we are ever 
desirous to promote the encouragement of the arts in America, we 
beg leave to lay it before our readers. The three female figures to 
the left, represent the Fine Arts, viz. poetry, painting, and music; 
to the right stands America represented by an Indian woman in 
the dress of a Chief; in the centre, on the fore-ground, stands Lib- 
erty, introducing the arts of America: To the right stands an 
obelisk, dedicated to independency, upon the upper part of which 
appear the names of the American Worthies who fell in the late 
revolution. And at the foot a young Fame engraving the name of 
Laurens, as the last who became a sacrifice for the good of his 
country, and on the pedestal, warlike trophies, surrounded by the 
inscription, "July 4th, 1776." Over the whole fame appears blow- 
ing her trumpet, upon which hangs a shield, inscribed, "Encourage 
these, and humanize the heart." The back-ground represents a 
various country, with the emblems of husbandry, population and 
commerce, etc. This plate was executed by an ingenious American 
artist, of the name of Godwin, in New York, and gives credit to his 
abilities, as an engraver. 

[The New-York Packet, February 6, 1787.] 

PAPER HANGING MANUFACTORY 

A large and elegant assortment of PAPER HANGINGS, with 
Festoon Borders is now finished for sale, at Gerardus Duyckinck's, 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 31 

jun. Store, No. 30, Little-Dock-street, or at John Colles's at the 
Manufactory in the Lower Barracks where orders and directions for 
Paper is received, the Public now can be supplied with any kind of 
Paper Hanging, agreeable to their fancy, plain, green and blue 
verditer, or any other colour to suit their Furniture, may be had at 
a very short notice. One very great advantage will attend the 
purchasing of Paper Hanging manufactured here, is, that it can 
always be matched again; many Persons have been obliged to new 
paper their Rooms for the want of a few yards of Paper Hanging, 
that has been imported, being damaged on their walls; and another 
very great advantage is, they can be sold much cheaper than the 
imported Paper Hanging, and warranted to be equally as good. 
Cash given for Old Ropes, Linen and Cotton Rags. 

\The Daily Advertiser ; April 12, 1787.] 

LEWIS CLEPHAN 
Portrait Painter 

Begs leave to acquaint the Ladies and Gentlemen, that he has 
removed from Chapel-Street to Crown-Street, No. 28, where he 
Paints Likenesses, whole, half and quarter Lengths, on the lowest 
and most reasonable Terms. He therefore returns his most grateful 
acknowledgments for the Encouragement he has already received, 
and hopes a continuance of their Favours; he binds himself, if his 
Likenesses are not Striking and Approved of, he requires no pay. 
Any Ladies or Gentlemen who please to favor him with their Em- 
ploy, may depend upon the strictest Attention being paid to their 
Orders, and their Business done with the greatest Attention and 
Dispatch. 

N. JB. Miniature Painting, Hair Work, etc. done in the neatest 
Manner. 

[The Independent Journal: or, The General Advertiser, May 16, 
1787.] 

A Mezzotint Print of His Excellency General Washington, done 
by Charles Wilston Peale of Philadelphia, from a portrait which he 
has painted since the sitting of the Convention, is now compleated : 
the likeness is esteemed the best that has been executed in a print. 
This is one of an intended series of prints, to be taken from Mr. 



32 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

Peale's collection of portraits of illustrious persons, distinguished 
in the late revolution. Those of His Excellency Doctor Franklin 
and the honourable the Marquis de la Fayette, have been already 
published. 

The price of these prints, in a neat oval frame (the inner frame 
gilt) is two dollars each, or one dollar for the print only: and a large 
allowance will be made to those who purchase to sell again Apply 
to Charles W. Peale, at the corner of Third and Lombard Street, 
Philadelphia. 

The printers in the several states, who are desirous of encourag- 
ing the fine arts in America, are requested to publish this as an 
article of intelligence; which will oblige the numerous friends of the 
General. [The Daily Advertiser, September 24, 1787.] 

American Anecdote. As the facetious and satiric Col. D r 

was one day viewing the paintings in Pratt's exhibition-room at 
New-York, he observed the portrait of the beautiful Miss Ach- 
muty, under which were written some verses by her impassioned 
admirer, Major Montcrief. The portrait was rather indifferently 
executed, and the poetry scarcely rose to mediocrity; upon which 
he took out his pencil, and wrote the following lines at the foot of 
the canvas: 

"To paint or praise thy charms how vain the hope, 
"Pratt is no Titian, nor Montcrief a Pope." 

[The Daily Advertiser, April 22, 1788.] 

A MINIATURE PAINTER 
Lately arrived from France; 

Presents his respects to his friends, and the public in general, 
and informs them that he draws Likenesses of Ladies and Gentle- 
men at the lowest price, and engages the painting to be equal to 
any in Europe. Should the Likenesses not be approved of after 
drawing, they will be taken back. Those Ladies and Gentlemen 
who will please to honor him with their commands, will be so kind 
as to enquire at Mrs. Davis's, No. 42, Hanover-square, opposite 
Mr. Peter Goelet's. 

PETER HENRI. 
[The Daily Advertiser, May 2, and June 4, 1788.] 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 33 

WAX WORK 

To be seen at No. 100, the upper end of Queen-street, 

The Portraits of Gen. Washington; the King, Queen, Prince of 

Wales, and Lord North, of Great Britain; an Indian Chief; a Nun 

at Confession; and a number of other curious Figures, as large as 

life. Price, 3 s. 

Those who are desirous of seeing them, are requested to come 

soon, as the Exhibition will shortly be discontinued. 

[The Daily Advertiser, May 16, 1788.] 

IGNATIUS SHNYDORE 

Respectfully informs the public, that he has declined the busi- 
ness he has lately been employed in, as Scene-Painter to the Old 
American Company of Comedians. 

Having his family in this city, he is desirous of becoming a Citi- 
zen, and to carry on the painting business in all its branches. 

Coach and Sign Painting, 

Ship and House Painting, Gilding and Glazing, 

Rooms painted in the Italian mode, on canvas, 

Transparent Painting, &c., &c. 

N. B. Mr. Shnydore flatters himself he will give general satis- 
faction to all those, who may honor him with their commands. 
No. 65, Maiden-lane, next to the corner of Nassau-street. 

[The Daily Advertiser, June. 6, 1788.] 

WAX-WORK 
As Large as Life 

The following figures are exhibited at No. 74 Water street, op- 
posite the Crane-Wharf: viz. 

The President of the United States, sitting under a canopy, in 
his military dress. Over the head of His Excellency a Fame is sus- 
pended (also in wax) crowning him with a wreath of laurels. 

The King, Queen, and Prince of Wales of Great Britain, hab- 
ited in cloaths which were presented by the king. 

The Dutchess of Orleans, of France, elegantly dressed. The 
right rev. Samuel Provoost, Bishop of New York. The rev. Dr. 
John Rodgers, of New York. The rev. John Livingston, of New- 



34 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

York. A Nun at Confession or, Innocence and Beauty. A Friar 
in a Roman Catholic dress. A Fine Woman asleep or, the Sleep- 
ing Beauty. Jack, just arrived from Sea, by the side of a Country 
Lass. An Indian Chief painted and dressed in his war habit, 
holding a real scalp. An Old Hermit. Darby and Joan, enjoying 
themselves over a basket of fruit, bottle of beer, pipe, &c. Moll, a 
Mad Woman. 

SCRIPTURE PIECES 

A Damsel, presenting the head of John the Baptist, in a charg- 
er, to Herodias, wife of Herod, king of the Jews. Bel and the 
Dragon. King Cyrus, and the Prophet Daniel. 

ALSO 

Several other Figures, some of which are constructed to turn 
their heads, open and shut their eyes, &c. to the admiration of the 
spectators. There are also a variety of Curiosities. 

Some of the above Figures have been exhibited in North and 
South Carolina, where they were universally allowed to be the 
most pleasing Curiosities ever exhibited on the continent The 
Proprietor has been at great expence in compleating this exhibition 
he therefore, hopes to entertain, agreeably, all those who may 
please to honor it with their company. 

Hours of admission will be from Six until Ten o'clock every 
evening, Sundays excepted. 

Tickets, at 2/6. for Ladies and Gentlemen, and i S. for Chil- 
dren, may be had at the Door, at any hour of the Day. Tickets 
may also be had at Greenleaf's Printing Office 

The Price will not be reduced in future. 

[The Daily Advertiser, September 2, 1789.] 

MINIATURE PAINTING 

The subscriber respectfully informs his friends and the public, 
that he has removed from Queen Street, to No. 9. Smith street, 
where he continues to take the most correct Likenesses in Minia- 
ture, Profile Painting and Block Shades. All kinds of Hair devices 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 35 

made in the most elegant stile. Likewise, all kinds of Jewellery, 
executed in the neatest manner, and on the lowest terms. 

PHILIP PARISEN. 

The utmost value will be given for all kinds of old Gold and Sil- 
ver. 

[New-York Daily Gazette, September 20, 1791.] 

The Portrait of Mr. Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury of the 
United States, painted for the Citizens of New- York by Mr. Trum- 
bull, has been received, and for the present, placed in the City Hall. 
It must afford much pleasure to the gentlemen who promoted this 
undertaking, to know, that this elegant specimen of Mr. Trum- 
bull's abilities, is reckoned one of the finest productions of his pen- 
cil. 

[The Daily Advertiser, July 4, 1792.] 

SHERIFF'S SALES 

By virtue of an execution to me directed, will be sold, on Satur- 
day next, at the dwelling-house of John Ramage, in Little Queen 
street, a quantity of excellent Household Furniture, amongst which 
are an elegant Looking Glass, Side Board, and Forte Piano; also 
a number of Tools and Materials for carrying on the Miniature 
Painting Business. Sale to begin at 10 o'clock in the morning. 

M. WILLETT, Sheriff. 
["The Diary; or, Evening Register," Wednesday, April 16, 1794.] 

COLUMBIAN ACADEMY OF PAINTING, 

No. 90, William-Street, New- York. 

ARCHIBALD & ALEXANDER ROBINSON [sic] 

Limners, 

Continue to paint Portraits, Miniatures, Devices, Hair- Work for 
Lockets, Designs from Nature for engraving after, &c. 

At the Academy, Ladies and Gentlemen, at the appointed hours 
for each, are instructed in drawing Heads, Figures, Historical 
Subjects, Landscapes (of which many are of the most remarkable 



36 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

scenes in this country) Flowers, Patterns, &c. in Water Colors, 
India Ink, Chalks, &c. Classes for the summer are now commenced, 
in the morning from 6 till 8 o'clock, for Ladies, on Tuesday, Thurs- 
day and Saturday; and for Gentlemen on Monday, Wednesday, 
and Friday, at the same hours. Private tuition, as usual, for those 
who find it inconvenient to attend the public classes. 

As Messrs. Robinson will spare no expense or trouble in procuring 
every requisite to make their academy useful to those attending it, 
hope, by their unremitting assiduity and attention to their pupils, 
to merit that degree of approbation which they have so amply 
experienced. 

["The Diary; or, Evening Register," Wednesday, April 30, 1794.] 

COLUMBIAN ACADEMY OF PAINTING, 

No. 90 William street, New York, 

ARCHIBALD & ALEXANDER ROBERTSON 

Limners, 

Paint portraits miniatures, designs from nature and for engraving 
after, &c 

At their Academy ladies and gentlemen are instructed in Draw- 
ing and Painting heads, figures, history pieces landscapes, flowers 
architecture, perspective, &c. in India ink, water colors, &c. 

Classes for ladies are opened for the ensuing season from three 
till five o'clock afternoons on Tuesday's, Thursday's and Saturday's. 
And for gentlemen an evening class from 7 till 9 o'clock, on the same 
days of the week. Private Tuition as usual. 

[" The Diary; or, Evening Register," Monday, October 6, 1794.] 

With pleasure we welcome every improvement in the arts. 
Proposals are issued in Philadelphia, for publishing twenty four 
views in aquatinta, selected from the most interesting prospects in 
the U. States, by G. I. Parkyns. Among these are a view of Mount 
Vernon, City of Washington, Philadelphia, & New- York. 

["American Minerva, and the New-York (Evening) Advertiser," 

Tuesday, March 3, 1795.] 




GEORGE WASHINGTON (1732-1799) 
(Painted on Marble. Philadelphia, 1791) 

By Archibald Robertson 
Owned by Mr. Tarrant Putnam 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 37 

AMERICAN LANDSCAPES. 

PROPOSALS, 

By James Harrison & G. Parkyns, 

For Publishing in Aquatinta, 

TWENTY-FOUR VIEWS; 

Selected from some of the most striking and interesting prospects 
in the United States; each of which Views will be accompanied with 
a descriptive account of its Local, Historical, and other incidental 
Peculiarites. 

By Mr. Parkyns, 

Author of "Monastic Remains and Ancient Castles in Great Britain" 

Conditions: 

I. That the work shall be published by Subscription: and that 
each Subscriber shall engage to take the whole set of Views, 
and pay for each engraving, if black or brown, 3 dollars; and 
if coloured, 5 dollars. 

II. That the dimensions of each engraving shall be 24 by 17 
inches, executed in aquatinta, and published upon paper of a 
superior quality. The publication to commence imme- 
diately and one engraving to be delivered to the Subscribers, 
on the first Monday of each succeeding month, until the 
proposed series shall be finally completed. 

III. That with the last View of the series, shall be delivered an 
engraved Title Page; an elegant characteristic Vignette; 
a Map of the Route, connected with the prospects exhibited 
in the course of the work; and an Alphabetical List of the 
Subscribers. 

SUBSCRIPTIONS are received by James Harrison, at his 
Warehouse, Maiden-lane, New York; and by all the principal Book- 
sellers in the United States. 

["American Minerva, and the New-York (Evening} Advertiser" 

Tuesday, March 10, 1795.] 



38 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

PROPOSALS, 

To publish by Subscription, a Portrait of 

GEORGE WASHINGTON, 
President of the United States: 

Also a Portrait of 

ALEXANDER HAMILTON, 

Late Secretary of the Treasury: 

Engraved by Robert Field, late of London, from the original 
painting by Walter Robertson. The size, including an emblematical 
border, to be n by 15 inches; the price to subscribers to be five 
dollars each print; one half to be paid at the time of subscribing; the 
remainder on delivery. 

Also, 

An Equestrian Portrait of the President, attended by Colonel 
Hamilton, as his aid-de-camp, painted and executed by the same 
artist: The size of the plate to be 26 inches by twenty. The price 
to subscribers to be ten dollars; one half to be paid at the time of 
subscribing, the remainder at the time of delivery. Subscriptions 
in New- York will be received by Mr. Thomas Barrow, No. 31, 
William-street; in Philadelphia, by Robert Field and John James 
Barrelet, at Mrs. Clark's, corner of Sixth-street and Minor-street. 

[" American Minerva, and the New-York (Evening} Advertiser," 

Thursday, April 23, 1795.] 

PROPOSALS, 

By Cornelius and Alexander Tiebout, 
To Publish by Subscription, 

Two Portraits, 

GEORGE CLINTON AND JOHN JAY. 

Engraved by Cornelius Tiebout, Citizen of New- York, now 
resident in London. 

Taken from original paintings of our celebrated countrymen, 
Gabriel Stewart [Gilbert Stuart] and the late Joseph Wright. 

The size of each Print to be 10 by 13 inches printed on excellent 
paper, price one dollar and an half, to subscribers; one third to be 
paid at the time of subscribing, and the remainder on delivery of the 
prints. 




JOHN JAY (1745-1820) 
Painted by Joseph Wright, 1786 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 39 

Those who wish, may subscribe for either of the Portraits 
separate. 

Subscriptions are received by John J. Staples and Son, Thomas 
Barrow, James Harrison, and Gardner Baker, at the Museum, 
New- York; Thomas Dobson and Mathew Gary, Philadelphia; at 
each place a specimen of the work may be seen, and by the principal 
booksellers in the United States. 

[" The Argus y or Greenleafs New Daily Advertiser" 

Wednesday, September 16, 1795.] 

SALES BY ISAAC MOSES & SONS. 

On Tuesday next, at Mr. Gaultier's Assembly room in Wm. Street, 
A very elegant collection of Oil Paintings & Prints, just arrived 

from Italy. 

N. B. The paintings may be viewed previous to the sale. 

[" The Daily Advertiser," February 20, 1797.] 

ADMITTANCE Two SHILLINGS 
NEW PHENOMENON IN GREENWICH STREET, 

Panorama to be seen every day, from 10 to one o'clock, A. M. 
and from 3 to 6 P. M. and every evening from early candle light 
until 10 o'clock, for 4 weeks. This evening, 29th inst. it will be 
opened for the first evening, and on every succeeding one. It is 
an original painting of the beautiful city of Charleston, the capital 
of S. Carolina, with James and Sullivan's Islands, &c. This Pano- 
rama is the first that has ever been exhibited by artificial light, 
and by it great improvement is made. The light makes it a great 
curiosity, even to those who have seen it by day. 

The method of lighting the Panorama by night result of my 
own experience, after upwards of 3 months close application to 
the subject. Those who have tried it before, have relinquished it 
as an hopeless pursuit. I trust that the visitors will be amply 
gratified. 

In the Panorama is also an automaton bird cage clock, which 
cost 500 dollars. It is a perfect imitation of life, by a preserved 
natural bull finch and canary bird, who sing six tunes, move their 
beak with every note, clap their wings, shake their tails, and move 



40 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

in a circular form like living birds; and, at the time the birds are 
singing, a fountain or cascade of apparently falling water adds 
great beauty to the sight. 

Also, an automaton drummer, being a beautiful little boy, 3 
feet in height, who beats a drum very naturally, changes 5 
marches, and moves his head to look at his admirers. 

Also, an automaton stone cutter and blacksmith's shop, in 
which are ten workmen, who perform imitative of life. 

Also, an original portrait of the late celebrated David Retten- 
house, Esq. the great philosopher and mechanic, painted by Mr. 
C. W. Peale. 

A sale print shop, is opened in one of the rooms of the Pano- 
rama. It contains a large collection of elegant prints in frames; 
also, a variety not framed, with some fine enamelled paintings; the 
original portraits of Gen. and Mrs. Washington, painted by the 
late Mr. I. Wright. American prints, engraved by the celebrated 
Mr. F. Savage, ist. Liberty, in the form of the goddess of youth, 
giving support to the bald Eagle. 2 D. Rittenhouse. 3. Wm. 
Smith of S. Carolina, It is presumed that the print of liberty is 
the best engraving that America has produced. 

A transparent lanthorn will be suspended over the door of the 
Panorama every evening, it will be opened at candle lighting and 
shut at ten o'clock. 

G. BAKER, Proprietor. 

N. B. Several warranted electrical machines, with insolating 
stools, and complete medical apparatus, for sale at the museum. 
["The Minerva, & Mercantile Evening Advertiser" 

Monday, May 29, 1797] 

C. GULLAGER, 

Portrait & Theatrical Painter, 
No 58 Maiden lane, New York, 

Executes 

Portraits, from whole lengths to busts, on any scale; 
Decorations for public and private buildings; 
Frontispieces or Vionets [Vignettes], for publications on history, 
allegory or sentiment; 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 41 

Paintings on Silk, for military standards, or other ornamented 
purposes. 

N. B. He requests those who may honour him with their pres- 
ence, to call at his room from 10 to 12 A. M. and from 3 to 5 
P. M. Should his talents and terms meet their approbation, he 
will with pleasure and punctually attend professional orders. 

["The Time Piece" Wednesday, October II, 1797.] 

An Elegant Collection of 
Paintings, 

Just imported from Europe; among which are, the works of 
some of the most celebrated masters, the same are intended for 
private sale to be seen at the Tontine City Tavern, Broad-way, 
where catalogues may be had from 10 to 2 o'clock. 

^'Commercial Advertiser" Monday Evening, January 7, 1799.] 

I. P. BERSON, 

Pourtrait Painter & Drawing Master, 

In his way from New- York through this town, takes this 
method of informing the ladies and gentlemen of Providence, that 
he takes the most exact and striking likenesses, and intends paint- 
ing some pourtraits in this town; for which purpose he has pro- 
vided genteel and convenient rooms in the house of Mr. Martin 
Seamans, main street, where those gentlemen and ladies who wish 
either to have their pourtraits taken, or to see some of his per- 
formances, will be pleased to call, at any time in the day. 

Those gentlemen and ladies who have a natural taste for draw- 
ing, who should wish to have any of their children taught in that 
fashionable and most useful branch of genteel education, so care- 
fully attended to by all the respectable families of Europe, may 
find an opportunity of having them taught in this pleasing art; 
the subscriber intending to give instructions to a few private 
pupils during his residence in this town. And from the great 
practice and experience he has had in that line, which he taught 
for a long time in Europe, and for several late years in the first 
families both of Philadelphia and New- York; he flatters himself by 
his short method of explaining the rules of the art, to enable his 



42 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

pupils in a very little time to design with accuracy and elegance, 
and paint in water colours all kinds of subjects, useful to their 
various occupations, such as human figures, landscapes, flowers, 
ornaments for embroidery or tambouring, &c. The terms of tui- 
tion may be known by applying to him at Mr. Seamans', main- 
street. 

[" The Providence Journal and Town and Country Advertiser" 

Wednesday, February 6, 1799.] 

AQUA TINTA. 

The pleasing style of working in Copper-plate, tho perhaps as 
simple and easy, and certainly more expeditious than any other, 
has never, we believe, been introduced into this country, till with- 
in a short time past; some little things in this line, have lately been 
produced by Mr. Parkins, a very ingenious English artist, author 
of the elegant "Monastic Remains." 

Mr. Savage has nearly finished two large plates in aqua tinta, 
the one representing the chase of the Insurgente by the Constella- 
tion, and the other, the hard fought and glorious action between 
those two frigates. 

We believe these plates are the first in that style ever attempted 
by an American artist. We are happy to say, that the execution 
of them is worthy of a subject so highly flattering to the national 
pride of Americans. 

[" Commercial Advertiser " Friday Evening, May 17, 1799.] 

PORTRAIT PAINTING. 

In consequence of having resolved to stay some time longer in 
this city, I have undertaken to paint several Portraits in oil, which 
I had engaged last fall, and now offer my services to the public in 
the line of my profession. 

REMBRANDT PEALE. 

N. B. My brother, Raphaelle Peale, now in Philadelphia, hav- 
ing forwarded a Miniature Portrait as a specimen, will engage to 
supply 20 subscribers with striking likenesses on the condition 
of - . No likeness, no pay. 

["Mercantile Advertiser" May 18, 1802.] 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 43 

NOTICE 

P. Parisen, Miniature Painter, will continue for a short time to 
take likenesses, finely painted, on moderate terms; and begs leave 
to inform those Ladies and Gentlemen who have had their Like- 
nesses engaged, if they wish to have them finished immediately, to 
pay attention, as Mr. P. intends making a tour in the country in a 
short time, and will be absent three months. 

N. B. All kinds of Hair Devices executed in the most elegant 
style, at No. 252 William-street. 

[Commercial Advertiser, Tuesday Evening, August 3, 1802.] 

A CARD 

P. Parisen's compliments to the ladies and gentlemen, and begs 
leave to inform them, that in consequence of the number of appli- 
cations for Likenesses, he has declined taking his intended tour in 
the country for this season, and will continue to paint Likenesses in 
Miniature at No. 252 William-street, where specimens of his per- 
formance may be seen. 

N. B. Devices of all kinds executed with real hair. 
[Commercial Advertiser, Thursday Evening, September 2, 1802.] 

NON LINGUA PINXIT APPELLES 
Columbian Academy of Painting, 

No. 79 Liberty-Street. 

Archibald Robertson, Portrait & Miniature Painter, begs leave 
to acquaint his pupils, that his classes for the ensuing season are 
now altered from the morning to the afternoon, from 3 till 5 o'clock, 
on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. 

He begs leave to add, that to his very numerous collection of 
Patterns, he has added this summer very considerably; and is in 
daily expectation by the first arrivals, to receive some very superior 
additions in figures and landscapes, by the first artists. 

His pupils are instructed in Painting and Drawing in the most 
approved manner. 

All kinds of painting on silk and ivory executed. 
Likenesses in Portraits and Miniature, painted as usual. 
Private Tuition as hitherto. 
[Commercial Advertiser, Tuesday Evening, September 21, 1802.] 



44 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

Academy of Arts We understand that the statues received 
from Paris are found to be in the most admirable order. The 
rotunda of the Pantheon is preparing for their reception, and will 
be open for exhibition in a few weeks, in a manner worthy of an 
institution which will, we trust, be an ornament to the city, and an 
honor to its founders. 

[Commercial Advertiser, Tuesday Evening, June 7, 1803.] 

* 

Fine Arts. With much pleasure we inform the citizens of New- 
York, that by the late arrivals from Paris, &c., the members of 
the society of "Fine Arts," have received some very elegant Casts 
of Gothic Statues amongst which is, a beautiful Cast of a Dying 
Gladiator, which, for elegance of figure, masterly workmanship, and 
richness of the hue, surpasses any, either in London or Paris. By 
the diligence of Mr. Livingston, our minister at Paris, the society 
has received upwards of one hundred and fifty rare casts, which will 
be exhibited at the building (formerly the Pantheon) in a few days, 
which has been fitted up for their reception. 

"A MEMBER." 
[Commercial Advertiser, Wednesday Evening, June 15, 1803.] 

How gratifying it must be for every American to see with what 
rapid progression the Fine Arts are making their way in our coun- 
try. The other day I called to see the picture of a friend of mine, 
who was yet in the hands of the artist. Finding the door half open, 
I walked in without knocking; I looked around, and saw in a corner 
of the room a beautiful lady, whose modest appearance struck me 
with that profound respect virtue generally inspires. Madam, said 
I, pray is Mr. Rauschner at home? No answer. I repeated the 
question a second time, approaching some steps towards her; but 
seeing a naked infant on her lap half covered with part of her gar- 
ment, the silence she kept and the modesty of the charming mother, 
whose eyes were constantly fixed on the babe, seemed to bid me to 
withdraw: I withdrew without further question. When nearly 
down stairs, I met the artist, who made an apology for his not having 
been sooner in his laboratory to receive me; but begged me to walk 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 45 

up stairs again. I desired to be excused, not wishing to disturb his 
lady, who was, I said, very seriously contemplating her infant child. 
He burst into a laugh, took me by the hand, and in spite of my 
modesty, introduced me to the lady, insisting on my touch- 
ing her hand. When I complied with his request, the curtain 
of delusion disappeared I saw that they were inanimate, and that 
in room of flesh and blood of the finest carnation, they were solid, 
cold limbs and features, formed of wax "The figures that you see," 
said the artist, "is the Virgin Mary, contemplating our Saviour." 
After I had satisfied my curiosity, and paid the modern Michael 
Angelo the compliment his extraordinary talents deserves, he in- 
troduced me into another room, where he was finishing a venerable 
grey bearded man, which he told me was Joseph; and finally ex- 
plained to me that these three figures were intended to represent 
the Holy Family, which he was to exhibit at Christmas to the 
friends of Christianity, and amateurs of arts. I may say with candor 
that I have visited all the cabinets of wax work through different 
parts of Europe where I have traveled, and have never been de- 
ceived by the best figures of that kind, but in New- York. 

COLUMBUS. 
[Commercial Advertiser, Tuesday Evening, December 13, 1803.] 



LIKENESSES ENGRAVED. 

The Subscriber, late partner of Mr. St. Mesnin [Memin], respect- 
fully informs the Ladies and Gentlemen of New- York, that after an 
absence of six years from this city he has again returned, and offers 
his services to them in his professional line. The terms are always 
the same, that is, $25 for a large likeness, $12 for small Engrav- 
ings, including the copper plate, for Gentlemen, and $35 for Ladies, 
and $38 for large likeness, without the engraving. For further par- 
ticulars, apply at his Room, No. 128 William street, between John 
and Fair-streets, where a great number of Portraits of distin- 
guished persons may be seen. 

L. LEMET 

[New-York Commercial Advertiser, Friday Evening, March 15, 

1805.] 



46 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

NEW MUSEUM OF WAX-WORK. 

N. & E. Street, respectfully inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of 
New-York, 

That they have just added to their Museum, at Snow's Hotel, 
No. 69 Broadway, a number of New and Interesting Figures and 
that the Museum will be open every Day and Evening (Sunday 
excepted) until the first of May, and will then positively be removed 
from this city. Admittance 25 cents for grown persons; Children 
half price. 

N. B. The proprietors of the Museum inform the public that 
they have now a striking likeness of General Hamilton, and that 
the Exhibition consists of by far the largest and most elegant col- 
lection of figures ever exhibited in America. 

[New-York Commercial Advertiser, Monday Evening, April 8, 1805.] 

Just arrived in this City, from Europe, and to be seen at 409 
Pearl Street, a grand collection of figures, as Natural as Life, rep- 
resenting The Great Monarchs and High Personages in Europe. 

These figures have been procured by an able Artist, at an ex- 
traordinary expense, and have afterwards been exhibited at Rome, 
Vienna, Milan, Madrid, and several other cities in Europe, and have 
always excited admiration! 

Hours of Exhibition from Nine o'clock in the Morning, to Ten 
in the Evening. 

At intervals the company will be entertained by a choice Band 
of Music, with several Italian pieces. Admission 25 cents Chil- 
dren half price. 

[New-York Commercial Advertiser, Wednesday evening, May 15, 1805.] 

American Academy of Arts. A private letter from Paris, states 
that his majesty the Emperor Napoleon has presented to Mr. 
Livingston, late minister from the United States to the French 
Court on behalf of the Academy of Arts, established in this city, and 
of which his majesty is an honorary member, a very valuable col- 
lection, estimated at fifty thousand livres, 10,000 dollars. 

[New-York Commercial Advertiser, Wednesday evening, June 5, 1805.] 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 47 

STATUE OF WASHINGTON 

The Committee appointed by the Society of Cincinnati, for 
erecting a Statue of the late GENERAL WASHINGTON, in this 
city, have received proposals from a celebrated artist in Europe, for 
executing the work, in such a manner, which they believe will be 
agreeable to the subscribers. But they have postponed a definite 
arrangement, until they have collected sufficient funds to justify 
their entering into a positive contract for the purpose. They, there- 
fore, earnestly request that the money already subscribed and un- 
paid may be immediately paid to the Branch Bank; and further 
subscriptions are solicited to enable them to meet the necessary ex- 
pense. 

The proposed Statue will not only be a monument of veneration 
for that great and good man, but will also be highly ornamental to 
this opulent city. 

\New-York Commercial Advertiser, January 20, 1806.] 

Philip Parisen of 58 Chatham Street advertises for sale "That 
valuable Estate, the property of Captain William Lowndes, being 
the one half part of the Island situated at Hell gate, and in the ninth 
ward of this city, formerly called Great Barn Island, distant from 
town about six miles." 

[New-York Commercial Advertiser, November 4, 1806.] 

MINIATURES & PROFILES. 

Mr. Parisen, respectfully informs the Ladies and Gentlemen, 
that his hours of attendance at his PAINTING ROOM, is from 10 
o'clock in the morning until 3 in the afternoon. Those ladies and 
gentlemen that please to honor him with their commands, may be 
assured to have their likenesses painted to their satisfaction on the 
following reasonable terms: 

Minatures finely painted from 5 to 15 dollars each. 
Profiles painted with natural colors, 2 dollars each. 
Black Shades, 25 cents. 
At his Painting Room, No. 58 Chatham-street. 

[New-York Commercial Advertiser, December 17, 1806.] 



48 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

A NEW MODE OF PAINTING 

Mr. Savage, No. 166 Greenwich-street, has prevailed on Miss 
Sally Rogers to remain until the first of May at his house, for the 
purpose of gratifying visitors, by her singular mode of using a pair 
of scissors in cutting paper, cloth, &c., &c., by her manner of writing, 
and above all, from her very extraordinary form of Painting. The 
circumstance of her effecting all this with her MOUTH ALONE, 
being deprived of the use of both hands, is pretty generally known, 
and needs but this remark, that Mr. Savage pledges his reputation 
as an artist, he has seen her drawing, specimens of design, taste, and 
execution, which astonished him, and will bear minute criticism. 

She is here, as in Boston and other places, visited by people of 
rank and information, who have found her person and features in- 
teresting and agreeable. 

Those Ladies and Gentlemen who wish to see her work, may be 
gratified every day, from 9 in the morning till 10 at night. Admis- 
sion 25 cents. 

N.B. A specimen of her work may be seen at David Long- 
worth's, Shakespeare Gallery. 

[New-York Commercial Advertiser, April 15, 1807.] 

JOHN W. JARVIS, 

PORTRAIT PAINTER, 

No. i, Wall-Street, next door to the corner of 

Broad-Way, New- York, 

Believing many persons are prevented from having Likenesses, 
from not knowing where to apply, or at what price they can have 
them done, I make this statement of the several manners, prices, 
and sizes, in which I paint them. 

Whole Length Portraits $300 

Portraits with Hands 60 

Portraits without Hands 40 

Miniatures on Ivory 50 & 30 

Sketches on Paper with Hands 15 & 20 

Sketches on do. without do. 10 

Coloured Profiles 3 

Those who wish to have Portraits of their deceased friends, 
should be particular to apply time enough before they inter them. 

[The Long Island Star, June 8, 1809.] 




GILBERT C. STUART (1755-182? 
By Anson Dickinson 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 49 

BY HOFFMAN & GLASS 
THIS DAY 

... At i o o'clock at Mechanic Hall, will be sold an extensive 
assortment of household and kitchen furniture, the property of 
Michael Little, who is about retiring from business, consisting of 
elegant pier glasses, mirrors, paintings, prints with a full length 
likeness of general Washington. . . . 

[American Citizen, April 17, 1810.] 

Of old age, on Thursday the iyth inst. at New Rochelle, where 
he resided for ten years past, OTTO PARISIEN, aged 88 years, a 
native of Berlin, formerly an eminent goldsmith of this city, of which 
he was a respectable inhabitant for upwards of forty years. He 
always supported the character of an honest man. 

[The Columbian, January 25, 1811.] 

CARD 

Mr. [Anson] Dickinson informs his friends, that he has re-com- 
menced Miniature Painting, in the City Hotel, adjoining the Assem- 
bly Room. [Commercial Advertiser, February 16, 1811.] 

DIED 

On Tuesday morning, at 6 o'clock, James Sharpies, Esq. in the 
59th year of his age. His friends and acquaintance are invited to 
attend his funeral, from his late dwelling, No. 3, Lispenard street 
upper end of Church-street, this afternoon at 4 o'clock. 

[Public Advertiser, February 28, 1811.] 

The "New York Evening Post" of March 29, 1811, contains an 
account of the American Academy of Arts written with a view to 
excite interest in its welfare, occupying a column and a half of the 
newspaper. 

THE COLLECTION 

Of Original Portraits of Distinguished American Characters, 
painted by the late James Sharpies, Esq. are for sale, and may be 
seen at No. 3 Lispenard Street, upper end of Church street. 



50 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

ALSO 

A Capital Grand PIANO FORTE, of Broadwood's, selected 
with great care by an eminent Musician, and other competent 
judges, who considered it the best toned instrument to be found in 
any Ware-house in London. [Public Advertiser, April 6, 1811.] 

PAINTINGS. 

First The Horrors of the Bastile, showing the rack, armed with 
sharp knives; the dungeons and prisoners, as they were discovered 
on the memorable I4th July, 1789, when the fortress of despotism 
was destroyed. 

Second A maratime Painting, showing the destruction of that 
immense magnificent and Invincible Armada which was intended 
in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, to subject England to the control 
of Spain; and which faithfully exhibits the mode of constructing 
and rigging ships of war at that period. 

Third The destruction of the city of London by Fire in 1666, 

. . . (This scene to thy just pencil Smith we owe, 

Thy painted flames of canvass seem to glow) . . . 

Fourth A most beautiful Grecian Landscape, in which the 
works of art are made to embelish nature, in that chaste and happy 
manner, for which the Ancients have been so eminently distinguished 

Fifth The Storm, an agitated sea, a ship in distress, animals 
killed by lightning, &c. 

The Exhibition will be opened on the 4th July, from 9 o'clock in 
the morning till n in the evening. No. 190 William street. 

Admittance 25 cents. {Public Advertiser, July 4, iSlI.J 

DIED. 

Yesterday of a lingering illness, Peter R. Maverick, in the 57th 
year of his age. The friends of the family are respectfully invited 
to attend his funeral to-morrow afternoon at half after 3 o'clock 
P. M. from his late residence No. 73 Liberty-st. 

[New-York Evening Post, December 13, 1811.] 

MARY WAY, 

PORTRAIT & MINIATURE PAINTER, 
From New-London, Connecticut, 

Takes Likenesses upon Ivory & Glass, in colors or gold, Land- 
scapes, or views of country Seats, &c. &c. Paintings not approved 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 51 

may be returned without charge, at her painting room, No. 95 
Greenwich-Street; where specimens of the different species of her 
performance may be seen and the prices made known. Hours of 
attendance from n o'clock till 3. 

[New-York Evening Post, December 14, 1811.] 

SALE OF PAINTINGS. 

BY IRVING, SMITH & HOLLY 

Saturday, at half past n o'clock, at the painting room of Mr. 
Alexander Robertson, 191 Fulton street (late Partition street), a 
collection of Paintings, consisting of Landscapes, Figures, Groups 
of Cattle, &c. The Landscapes principally consist of views 
in the United States: on the Hudson River, Lake George, &c. 
Also, one set illustrating the scenery of Niagara, comprehending 
various views from both sides of the river, above and below the 
falls. These paintings are all executed in oil, and of a full size, 
expressly calculated for furniture pieces. 

[Commercial Advertiser, March 19, 1817.] 

AMERICAN ACADEMY OF THE FINE ARTS 

The Board of Directors give notice, that the second exhibition 
of the American Academy of the Fine Arts will be opened on the 
second Monday of May next. Artists and Amateuis are respect- 
fully requested to send such performances as they intend for exhi- 
bition, previous to the 28th of April inst. as no pictures or models 
can possibly be received after that day. Gentlemen possessing 
pictures, and disposed to lend them to the Academy for the second 
exhibition, are respectfully requested to give notice to Mr. Dunlap, 
at the Academy, who will send for them. 

The Board of Directors further give notice, that the Gallery 
of the Academy will be closed on Saturday next, the I2th inst. 
and the pictures now exhibiting, removed, to enable the Com- 
mittee of Arrangements to replace them with new subjects. 

ALEXANDER ROBERTSON, 

Secretary. 

Mr. Dunlap, Portrait Painter, has removed his Pictures and 
Painting Establishment to the apartments appropriated to him 
in the New- York Institution as Keeper and Librarian, where he 



52 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

attends to do business from 10 o'clock in the morning till 3 in the 
afternoon. [Commercial Advertiser, April 8, 1817.] 

Francis Mezarra, on Saturday last, was sentenced for a libel, in 
caricaturing or disfiguring an intended portrait of a gentleman, 
(by affixing asses ears to it), for whom it was painted, and who 
refused to pay for it from its want of resemblance, found guilty at 
a preceding term. Being a foreigner not in affluent circumstances, 
and induced to take the step by the frequency of the practice in 
his native country, and his ignorance of the laws and language of 
ours, he was fined in the mitigated penalty of one hundred dollars. 
[The Ladies Weekly Museum, September 20, 1817.] 

E. METCALF, Portrait and Miniature Painter, having re- 
covered his health, has returned to the city, and resumed the 
exercise of his profession at No. 152 Broadway. 

[Commercial Advertiser, September 22, 1817.] 

The National Advocate of March 18, 1818 prints a long letter 
from "An Artist" criticising a bill in the Legislature affording 
financial aid to the Academy of Fine Arts, the money of which 
he thinks will be used to purchase a few pictures from Col. Trum- 
bull, their President, for $13,000. [worth $3,000.] "An Artist" 
thinks PafFs Gallery worth twenty times as much to the Academy 
as Col. TrumbuH's and hopes for a reorganization of the Institution. 

This letter is followed by various communications pro and con 
printed in the same paper covering the period March 21 to July 
30, 1818. In the course of which an artist "Neutral Tint" review 
the works of art in the Academy of Fine Arts. 

TRUMBULL'S INDEPENDENCE 

It is well known that the Congress of the United States have 
employed Colonel John Trumbull, of this city, to paint several 
historical pictures, commemorative of some of the most important 
events of the war of Independence. These were The Declaration 
of Independence The Capture of Burgoyne The Capture of 
Cornwallis and, The Surrendering of his Commission to Congress 
by General Washington, after the Peace. The first of these splen- 




ASHER B. DURAND (1796-1886) 
By Eliab Metcalf 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 53 

did paintings is nearly finished, and will be carried to Washington 
at the commencement of the next session of Congress. This pic- 
ture covers a canvass measuring eighteen by twelve feet, and con- 
tains no less than forty-seven portraits, thirty-seven of them taken 
from the life by Col. Trumbull, and the remaining ten from like- 
nesses drawn by other artists, the originals having deceased before 
Col. Trumbull had an opportunity to obtain them. It represents 
Congress in session, at the moment when Mr. Jefferson, attended 
by the committee appointed for the purpose of drawing the Decla- 
ration of Independence, and of which he was chairman, is present- 
ing the draft of that now venerable instrument. The scene is one 
of the most solemn, and sublime, that can well be imagined; and 
the association of ideas to which it gives rise, is of the most im- 
pressive and interesting character. No inhabitant of this country 
can view it, without experiencing a deep sense of the hazards which 
the members of that illustrious assembly thus voluntarily assumed, 
of the anxiety, the sufferings, and the triumphant success, by 
which that most important transaction was followed. Before this 
great and decisive step was taken, the people of the States con- 
sidered themselves as only struggling against oppression from that 
moment forward they contended for existence. 

In order to multiply the copies of this national picture, Col. 
Trumbull proposes to procure it to be engraved by one of the most 
eminent artists in Europe, provided a subscription for the prints 
shall be filled, which will justify him in hazarding the expense. 
The price of the plate, together with the incidental charges, will 
surpass the sum which Congress allow him for the original. It is 
therefore obvious, that he must have a reasonable prospect of re- 
muneration, before he ventures to contract for the engraving. 
With the view of ascertaining the state of public feeling, the extent 
of public liberality, towards this specimen of native genius and 
talents, he has issued proposals for publishing the prints. The sub- 
scription, which is honoured with the names of the four living Pres- 
idents of the U. States, was presented to Congress the last winter, 
and subscribed by a large number of the members of both Houses, 
as well as by the Heads of the Departments. Col. Trumbull now 
proposes to circulate it in this city, for the purpose of affording an 
opportunity to the inhabitants of the place of his residence to 
patronize the work under consideration. After which, it will be 



54 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

offered to the inhabitants of the other large towns, and, as far as 
is practicable, throughout the country. 

[Commercial Advertiser, May 12, 1818.] 

The National Advocate during the week of October 20, 1818, 
prints three letters of "Detector" criticising the painting of Col- 
onel Trumbull to which the latter answers in the National Adver- 
tiser of October 20, 1818, and a long editorial on the same follows 
in The National Advocate of October 26. 

PANORAMA. Preparations for the rotunda about erecting by 
Mr. Vanderlyn, for panorama views, have commenced. This build- 
ing will be at the corner of Chamber and Cross streets, on Park 
square, and will, no doubt, be completed in a manner so as to be 
an ornament to the city. Although it was not to have been ex- 
pected that Mr. Vanderlyn would have left the higher department 
of historical painting, in which he is so eminent, to devote his time 
to the more humble, though more profitable, pursuit of painting 
cities and landscapes yet, in a new country, taste for the arts 
must be graduated according to the scale of intellect and educa- 
tion, and where only the scientific connoisseur would admire his 
Marius and Ariadne, hundreds will flock to his panorama to visit 
Paris, Rome and Naples. This is to "catch the manners living 
as they rise," and with them catch the means to promote a taste 
for the fine arts. 

We would suggest to Mr. Vanderlyn now, for fear we should 
forget it, that panorama views of our battles, such as Chippewa, 
Erie, New Orleans, Lake Champlain, &c. with the likeness of officers 
engaged on those occasions, would not only be highly national and 
popular, but exceedingly profitable. 

[The National Advocate, April 21, 1818.] 

The National Advocate of May 4, 16, September 14, and October 
5, 1818 prints notices of progress of building, purpose, and open- 
ing of the Rotunda. The American Monthly Magazine in the issue 
for November, 1818, p. 67, also publishes a notice of the opening 
of the Rotunda. The Commercial Advertiser of August 12, 1820 has 
a long Editorial, praising the Rotunda and Vanderlyn's Collection. 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 55 

ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD 

Missing from the Gallery of the American Academy of the 
Fine Arts, two MINIATURE PORTRAITS the one a Gentle- 
man, set in gold, ornamented with and richly finished on the back, 
radiated from the centre. The other a Lady's without setting, but 
fixed in plain casing. 

The above reward will be paid, by William Dunlap, Esq. keeper 
of the Academy, on delivery of the above miniatures to him, at his 
painting rooms, in the New- York institution, or at his house, 
59 Leonard-street: or if the Gentleman's picture alone is so deliv- 
ered, the painting uninjured, Seventy Dollars will be paid to the 
person who delivers it -and, in like manner, for the Lady's Min- 
iature alone, the painting uninjured, Thirty Dollars. The money 
will be paid on delivery of the pictures, and no questions asked. 

Jewellers, Watch Makers and others, to whom these pictures, 
or the setting of the Gentleman's picture, may be offered for sale, 
are particularly solicited to be on their guard, and give notice 
as above. By order of the Board. 

ALEX. ROBERTSON, Sec'ry. 
[Commercial Advertiser, July 13, 1818.] 

THE FINE ARTS 

Amongst the present numerous exhibitions of this city, M. Paff 
flatters himself that the lovers of genuine works of old masters 
will find his Gallery of Paintings, No. 20 Watt-St. worthy their 
attention, and presenting them, at the smallest expense, with the 
most extensive gratification. 

N. B. Old Paintings repaired and restored to their original 
lustre, or purchased at their utmost value. 

[The National Advocate, July 10, 1818.] 

C. W. PEALE'S PORTRAIT OF WASHINGTON 

Many years ago, Viscount Bury visited the Historical Society 
and expressed a desire to obtain some information in reference to 
a full-length portrait of George Washington in military costume 
which was captured in 1780 by Captain Keppel, R.N., and was then 
at the family seat, Quiddenham Hall. After investigation, it was 
found that the portrait was painted in Philadelphia in 1779 in the 
uniform of the Commander-in-Chief. The capture was made 



56 NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 

September 3, 1780. The notes concerning its history were forwarded 
to Lord Bury through the late Thomas H. Edsall. 

This is the same portrait which Ex-President Woodrow Wilson 
unveiled at No. 10 Downing Street, London, England, on De- 
cember 27, 1918. The picture was presented to the British Gov- 
ernment by Lord and Lady Albemarle to commemorate the entry 
of the United States into the War. "The New York Times" of 
January 27, 1919, says that "Lord Albemarle informed President 
Wilson in conversation that he considered it most appropriate that 
the picture should hang on the walls of the historic building where 
142 years ago the Treaty of Independence was probably signed. 
He added that the portrait was a copy of one of three painted in 
1779 by Peale of Philadelphia. The original was hung in the 
Council Chamber of Philadelphia, but was burnt many years ago. 
Another was hung in the Senate Chamber at Washington, while 
the third (of which this was a copy) was sent in 1780 by the packet 
Mercury as a gift to the Stadholder of Holland. It was sent in 
charge of the Hon. Henry Laurens, ex-President of Congress, but 
the Mercury was captured at sea by Lord Albemarle's kinsman, 
Captain George Keppel, R.N., a son of General George, Lord 
Albemarle, while in command of the vessel. 

Captain Keppel was sent to England to convey Mr. Laurens 
with his party and belongings to Falmouth. The luggage included 
the portrait of Washington, and this had been preserved by the 
Keppel family. Lord Albemarle added that General William, Lord 
Albemarle, the grandfather of Captain Keppel, while titular Gov- 
ernor of Virginia, in 1753, had association with George Washington, 
who, as a young man of 21, was sent by him on a journey many 
hundreds of miles through the backwoods to carry dispatches to 
Sanpierre, the French Commander, expostulating against the 
building by the French of forts on British territory." 

A letter from Amsterdam, of March i, says "The celebrated 
sculptor, Mr. Cerachi, who returned from America last summer, 
arrived at Rome, and soon after his arrival commenced the sculpture 
of the bust of the President of the United States. The populace 
being informed thereof surrounded his house and threatened him 
with destruction. He providentially made his escape and has since 
arrived safe at Munich." 
[The New-York Magazine: or, Literary Repository, May, 1793, pp. 

317-18.] 



NOTES ON AMERICAN ARTISTS 57 

At Savannah, on the yth inst. in the meridian of his life and 
reputation, the celebrated miniature painter, EDWARD G. MAL 
BONE, Esq., after a lingering decay, which he sustained with 
Christian resignation. 

Seldom do the records of mortality boast the name of a victim 
more pre-eminently excellent, than the present. His professional 
talents were unequalled by any artist in America, and not excelled 
by any in Europe In his deportment, he united with native mod- 
esty, that proud consciousness of superior genius, which is always 
the inseparable attribute of real worth. His sensibility was ex- 
tremely acute, and his principles legitimately orthodox. His 
mind was well cultivated, and his taste for literature rather elegant 
than profound. As a painter we probably shall not look upon his 
like again and as a man he has left few who deserve to rank 
above him. \New-York Commercial Advertiser, May 29, 1807.] 

A few days since, at his seat at New-Paltz, in the county of 
Ulster, state of New York, Charles Catton, Esq., a native of the 
Kingdom of Great Britain, but for eighteen years an inhabitant of 
this state. He had been long accustomed to gout which succeeding 
to, or brought on by, a recent cold, terminated his existence after 
a fortnight's illness, at the age of sixty-five years. Mr. C. was an 
artist of superior rank and of distinguished merit, and very ably 
supported a just and eminent reputation acquired by his father, 
whose pupil he was, and who attained the honors of a Royal Acade- 
mician, and serving until the days of his death, his present Majesty 
George the Third, as his heraldic painter. The subject of this 
obituary notice during his residence in the United States had de- 
voted his attention principally to agricultural pursuits, and seldom 
exercised his pencil, except to gratify personal friendship, or en- 
liven the dull monotony of a rural winter life. Some few of his 
latest productions have, through the instrumentality of friends, 
been recently brought to the notice of the public at the Academy of 
Arts in this city, as if by thus exhibiting his worth at the moment 
of privation, to make the lovers of the arts more sensibly feel the 
magnitude of their loss. He was much esteemed in private life as a 
scholar and a gentleman, and standing in the first rank of artists in 
this country, his death must be a subject of general regret. 
Communicated. [Commercial Advertiser, May 5, 1819.] 



A List of the Portraits in The New -York 
Historical Society 

SUBJECT ARTIST 

HENRY ABBOTT, M.D., (1812-1859) . . . Thomas Hicks 

GARRET ABE EL, (1734-1799) Matthew Pratt? 

MRS. GARRET ABEEL, (Mary Byvanck), 

(1742-1795) Matthew Pratt? 

GARRET BYVANCK ABEEL, (1768-1829) . . Artist Unknown 

JOHN H. ABEEL, (1815-1896) Artist Unknown 

MRS. JOHN H. ABEEL, (Catherine Emeline 

Strobel) Artist Unknown 

JOHN ADAMS, (1735-1826) Asher B. Durand 

Copy from original by Stuart 

JOHN ADAMS, (1735-1826) Gilbert C. Stuart 

JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, (1767-1848) . . . Asher B. Durand 1834 

JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, (1767-1848) . . . Edward D. Mar chant 

JAMES H. ALLEN, (1768-1778) (Miniature) Artist Unknown 

THEODORE ALLEN, (Cameo executed in 1835) Artist Unknown 

JOHN ALSOP, (1724-1794) Artist Unknown 

JOHN ALSTYNE, (1800-1869) Charles L. Elliott 1866 

ALEXANDER ANDERSON, M.D., (1775-1870) Artist Unknown 

JULIA MALVINA ANDERSON (Miniature) . Alexander Anderson 1820 

PIETRO ARETINO John G. Chapman 

Copy from original by Titian 

LORD ASHBURTON (Alexander Baring), (1774- 

1848) George P. A. Healy 1842 

MRS. WILLIAM AXTELL, (Margaret De 

Peyster), (1728- ) JohnWollaston 

JOHN BAINBRIDGE, M.D., (1582-1643) 

AND DAUGHTER Sir Peter Lely 

WILLIAM BAINBRIDGE, U.S.N., (1774-1833) Rembrandt Peale 

EVERT BANCKER, (1721-1803) (Miniature) Mack 

REV. LAZARE BAYARD Artist Unknown 

MRS. LAZARE BAYARD, (Judith De Vos) Artist Unknown 
BAYARD HOMESTEAD AT ALPHEN, HOLLAND, 

WITH PORTRAITS OF SAMUEL BAYARD AND 

His WIFE, (Anna Stuyvesant) Artist Unknown 

59 



60 LISTOFPORTRAITS 

SUBJECT ARTIST 

RICHARD BAYLEY, M.D., (1745-1801) . . /. H. Lazarus 

Copy from original by Stuart 

MRS. DANIEL BEACH, (Elizabeth B. Durand) Asher B.Durand 
REV. HENRY WARD BEECHER, (1813-1887) 

(Crayon) Artist Unknown 

JAMES WILLIAM BEEKMAN, (1815-1877) . . Walter Satterlee 

Copy from original by Leclear 

EDWARD BEMENT, (1795-1866) (Miniature) Artist Unknown 

ERASTUS C. BENEDICT, (1800-1880) . . . William H '.' Powell 

EGBERT BENSON, (1746-1833) . . . . John Wesley Jarvis 

Copy from original by Stuart 

EGBERT BENSON, (1746-1833) Gilbert C. Stuart 1807 

HENRY BENSON, (1741-1823) John Fanderlyn 1823 

ROBERT BENSON, (1739-1823) . . . . John Trumbull 1804 

MRS. SAMSON BENSON Artist Unknown 

GEORGE W. BETHUNE, D.D., (1805-1862) . Rembrandt Peale 
ANTHONY BLEECKER (1770-1827) .... William Dunlap 
MATTHIAS BLOODGOOD, (1803-1890) . . . Artist Unknown 
MRS. MATTHIAS BLOODGOOD, (Maria Acker- 
man) Artist Unknown 

JOHN BEALE BORDLEY, (1727-1804) . . . Charles Willson Peale 

WILLIAM C. BOUCK, (1786-1859) .... Charles L. Elliott 1847 

LUTHER BRADISH, (1783-1863) Thomas Hicks 

REAR-ADMIRAL SAMUEL L. BREESE, U.S.N., 

(1794-1870) Daniel Huntingdon 1872 

JOHN BROWN, (1800-1859) Artist Unknown 

GEORGE BRUCE, (1781-1866) Daniel Huntingl on 

GUY BRYAN, (1755-1829) Thomas Sully 

THOMAS J. BRYAN, (1800-1870) .... William 0. Stone 1869 

JULIA S. BRYANT (Miniature) Artist Unknown 

PETER BRYANT, M.D. (Miniature) . . . Artist Unknown 

MRS. PETER BRYANT (Miniature) .... Artist Unknown 

WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT, (1794-1878) . . Henry Peters Gray 
WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT, (1794-1878) 

(Cameo) Artist Unknown 

WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT, (1794-1878) 

(Miniature 1819) . . Artist Unknown 

MRS. WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT, (1797-1865), 

(Miniature) Artist Unknown 

AARON BURR, (1756-1836) John Fanderlyn 



LIST OF PORTRAITS 61 

SUBJECT ARTIST 

EMMA LOUISA BURR Artist Unknown 

HENRY BURR Artist Unknown 

HENRY AARON BURR Artist Unknown 

MRS. HENRY AARON BURR Artist Unknown 

SEBASTIAN CABOT, (1477-1557) .... Cephas G. Thompson i 841 

THOMAS CAMPBELL, (1777-1844) .... Samuel S. Osgood 

ALICE CAREY, (1820-1871) Samuel S. Osgood 

EARL OF CARLISLE, (1748-1825) .... Daniel Huntington 

GEORGE CARPENTER Artist Unknown 

MRS. MARIA CARPENTER Artist Unknown 

]. W. CASILEAR, (1811-1893) Asher B. Durand 

MRS. CHRISTOPHER CHAMPLIN, (Phebe 

Thurston), (1749-1823) Artist Unknown 

HENRY CLAY, (1777-1852) Samuel S. Osgood 

DE WITT CLINTON, (1769-1828) .... John Wesley Jarvis 

DE WITT CLINTON, (1769-1828) .... Charles Ingham 

Gov. GEORGE CLINTON, (1739-1812) . . . Ezra Ames 

CADWALLADER D. GOLDEN, (1769-1834) . . John Wesley Jarvis 

CHRISTOPHER COLLES, (1738-1821) . . . John Wesley Jarvis 
CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS, (1446-1506) Copy from original in Florence Gallery 

CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS, (1446-1506) (After 

Parmigiano) 

CHARLES U. COMBES David E. Cronin 1891 

MYLES COOPER, D.D., (1735-1785) . . . After Copley 

JOHN SINGLETON COPLEY, (1737-1815) . . Himself 
SIR JOHN SINGLETON COPLEY, (Lord Lynd- 

hurst), (1772-1863) Samuel S. Osgood 

CORN PLANT, (Seneca Chief) F. Bartoli 1796 

HERNANDO CORTES Copy from original in Florence Gallery 

COL. DAVID CROCKETT, (1786-1836) . . . A. Le De Rose 

CLARKSON CROLIUS, (1805-1887) .... Ezra Ames 1825 

MRS. CLARKSON CROLIUS Benjamin A. Wallace 

REV. HOOPER GUMMING Henry Inman 

MRS. HOOPER GUMMING, (Sophie Wright) 
AND DAUGHTER, HARRIET, (Mrs. Ed- 
ward A. Jee) Rembrandt Peale 

ALEXANDER J. DALLAS, (1759-1817) . . . John W. Jarvis 

CHARLES P. DALY, (1817-1899) .... William Page 1848 



62 LISTOFPORTRAITS 

SUBJECT ARTIST 

WILLIAM DARLINGTON, M.D., (1782-1863) Jacob Eichhoh 1810 
MATTHEW L. DAVIS, (1766-1850), (Minia- 
ture) Artist Unknown 

STEPHEN DECATUR, U.S.N., (1751-1808) . Rembrandt Peale 
CAPT. DANIEL DELAVAN, (1757-1835) . . John Trumbull 
ABRAHAM DE PEYSTER, (1753- ) . . . Gerard Beekman De Peyster 
CATHERINE AUGUSTA DE PEYSTER, (Minia- 
ture) ( -1911) Artist Unknown 

ELIZABETH VAN RENSSELAER DE PEYSTER, 

(Miniature) ( -I 9'5) Artist Unknown 

FREDERIC DE PEYSTER, (1796-1882) . . . George Gerhard 1872 

COL. JAMES DE PEYSTER, (1726-1799) . . Gerard Beekman De Peyster 

JOHN DE PEYSTER, (173 1-1837) .... Charles Wills -on Peale 1798 
MRS. JOHN DE PEYSTER, (Elizabeth Haring), 

(1713-1807) Charles Willson Peale 

JOHN WATTS DE PEYSTER, (1821-1908) . . E. S. Jacquin 1907 

WILLIAM AXTELL DE PEYSTER, (2 portraits) Artist Unknown 
MRS. WILLIAM AXTELL DE PEYSTER, 1800- 

), (2 portraits) Artist Unknown 

THOMAS DE WITT, D. D., (1791-1874) . William Cogswell 

THOMAS DE WITT, D. D., (1791-1874) . . Samuel B. Waugh 

HENRY DEXTER, (1813-1910) Charles A. Whipple 1901 

ORRANDO PERRY DEXTER, (1853-1903) . . Charles A. Whipple 

JOHN A. Dix, (1798-1879) Daniel Huntington, 1880 

Two DONGAN FAMILY PORTRAITS, FROM THE 
HOUSE OF Gov. THOMAS DONGAN, CASTLE- 
TON, STATEN ISLAND, N. Y. ..... Artist Unknown 

ASHER B. DURAND, (1796-1886) .... Himself 

ASHER B. DURAND, (1796-1886) .... William Jetvett, 1825 

ASHER B. DURAND, (1796-1886) .... Eliab Metcalf 

ASHER B. DURAND, (1796-1886) .... John Trumbull, 1825 

CAROLINE DURAND, (daughter of the artist) Asher B. Durand 

EUGENE H. DURAND, (infant son of the artist) Asher B. Durand 
JOHN DURAND, (1794-1821), (Miniature) . Asher B. Durand 

MRS. JOHN DURAND Asher B. Durand, 1822 

LUCY BALDWIN DURAND Asher B. Durand 

LUCY M. DURAND, (daughter of the artist) . Asher B. Durand 
EDWARD H. DURELL, (1810-1887) Thomas Le Clear 



LISTOFPORTRAITS 63 

SUBJECT ARTIST 

GERRET DUYCKINCK, (1660-1710) . . . Himself 
MRS. GERRET DUYCKINCK, (Marie Abeel), 

(1666- ) . , . Gerret Duyckinck 

SIR CHARLES L. EASTLAKE, (1793-1865) . . Daniel Huntington 

ANDREW ELLICOTT, (1745-1820) . . . . Artist Unknown 

MRS. ANDREW ELLICOTT, (Sarah Brown) . Artist Unknown 

PHILIP W. ENGS (1790-1875) Artist Unknown 

ALEXANDER H. EVERETT, (1792-1847), 

(Miniature) Washington Blanchard 

BENJAMIN H. FIELD, (1814-1893) .... Daniel Huntington, 1875 

HAMILTON FISH, (1808-1893) Augustus G. He -aton 

Copy from original by Huntington 

NICHOLAS FISH, (1758-1833) James H. Shegogue 

Copy from original by Inman 

PRESERVED FISH, (1766-1846) Artist Unknown 

JOHN FISHER F. R. Spencer, 1856 

RICHARD FISHER F. R. Spencer 

JOHN WAKEFIELD FRANCIS, M.D., (1789- 

1861) Charles L. Elliott 

JOHN WAKEFIELD FRANCIS, M.D., (1789- 

1861) James Bogle 

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, (1706-1790) .... Joseph S. Duplessis 

in Paris, about 1784 

ALBERT GALLATIN, (1761-1849) .... William H. Powell, 1843 
MRS. HORATIO GATES, (Elizabeth Phil- 
lips), (Miniature) Artist Unknown 

DAVID GELSTON, (1744-1828) John Wesley Jarvis 

GEVARTIUS, (from Van Dyck) John Trumbull 

JOHN S. GILES, (1799-1880) Junius Brutus Stearns, 1858 

WILLIAM GILLILAND, (1734-1796) .... Ralph Earle, 1789 

COMMODORE JOHN H. GRAHAM, (1794-1878) William H. Powell 

MRS. JOHN H. GRAHAM, (nee Milledoler) . . William H. Powell y 1839 

JOHN GRIFFITH, M.D. ....... Artist Unknown 

MRS. NATHANIEL GRIFFITH, (Mary Ellicott) Artist Unknown 

WILLIAM GRIFFITH, M.D. . . . . . . Artist Unknown 

DAVID GRIM, (1737-1826) .... . . . Samuel L. Waldo, 1812 

RupusWiLMOTGRiswoLD, (1815-1857) . . Charles L. Elliott 

SETH GROSVENOR (1787-1857) John G. Taggart, 1861 

FRANCIS A. HALL .. Artist Unknown 



64 LIST OF PORTRAITS 

SUBJECT ARTIST 

JOHN B. HALL Henry Inman, 1839 

MRS. JOHN B. HALL Henry Inman 

FITZ-GREENE HALLECK, (1790-1867), (pencil 

drawing) Henry Inman, 1831 

FITZ-GREENE HALLECK, (1790-1867) . . . Henry Inman, 1828 

FITZ-GREENE HALLECK, (1790-1867) . . . John G. Taggart 

Copy from original by Elliott 

FITZ-GREENE HALLECK, (1790-1867) . . . G. W. Twibill, Jr. 

from original by Henry Inman 

ALEXANDER HAMILTON, (1757-1804) . . . Charles Willson Peale 

ALEXANDER HAMILTON, (1757-1804) (Crayon) James Sharpless 

ALEXANDER HAMILTON, (1757-1804) . . . Artist Unknown 

MRS. ALEXANDER HAMILTON, (1757-1854) Eastman Johnson 1846 

WILLIAM HANDY, M.D Edward Savage 

JESSE HAWLEY, (1773-1842), (Miniature) . Ezra Ames 

JESSE HAWLEY, (1773-1842) Grove S. Gilbert 

CALEB HEATHCOTE, (1665-1721) .... Artist Unknown 
MRS. MARY E. HEWITT, (1818- ) . . Samuel S. Os good 
RICHARD HILDRETH, (1807-1865) .... Robert M. Pratt, 1858 
CHARLES FENNO HOFFMAN, (1806-1887) . . Cephas G. Thompson 
THE VERY REV. EUGENE AUGUSTUS HOFF- 
MAN, D.D., (1829-1902) Harry T. See, 1902 

MATILDA HOFFMAN, (1791-1809), (Mini- 
ature) Artist Unknown 

SAMUEL VERPLANCK HOFFMAN /. Carroll Beckwith, 1909 

SAMUEL VERPLANCK HOFFMAN Rudolph Schmidt 

MYRON HOLLEY, (1779-1841) Artist Unknown 

ELDAD HOLMES Artist Unknown 

DAVID HOSACK, M.D., (1769-1835) . . . Augustus G. Heaton 

from the original by Thomas Sully 

GENERAL E. HUNTINGTON (1754-1834) . . John Trumbull 

JEDEDIAH VINCENT HUNTINGTON, (1815-1862) Daniel Huntington 
INDIANS 

CACHASUNGHIA, OSAGE WARRIOR, 

(Crayon) C. B. Julien St. Memin 

OSAGE WARRIOR, (Crayon) . . . . C. B. Julien St. Memin 
OSAGE WARRIOR, (Crayon) . . . . C. B. Julien St. Memin 
INDIAN OF THE " IOWAS OF THE MIS- 
SOURI " (Crayon) C. B. Julien St. Memin 



LISTOFPORTRAITS 65 

SUBJECT ARTIST 

INDIAN GIRL OF THE " IOWAS OF THE 

MISSOURI " (Crayon) C. B. Julien St. Memin 

DELAWARE INDIAN (Crayon) . . . . C. B. Julien St. Memin 
PAYOUSKA, CHIEF OF THE GREAT 

OSAGES, (Crayon) C. B. Julien St. Memin 

CHIEF OF THE LITTLE OSAGES, (Crayon) C. B. Julien St. Memin 

GENERAL WILLIAM IRVINE, (1741-1804) . . /. R. Lambdin 

from the original by Robert E. Pine 

ANDREW JACKSON, (1767-1845) .... Asher B. Durand, 1835 

JOHN D. JAQUES, M.D., (1772-1839) . . Henry Inman 

SAMUEL JAUDON Thomas Sully 

MRS. AUGUSTUS JAY, (1670- ) ... Artist Unknown 

CHIEF JUSTICE JOHN JAY, (1745-1829) . . Joseph Wright, 1786 

CHIEF JUSTICE JOHN JAY, (1745-1829) . . Oliver Lay 

from the original by Gilbert C. Stuart 

PETER AUGUSTUS JAY, (1776-1842) . . . Charles F. Saltza 

from the original by Asher B. Durand 

MRS. EDWARD A. JEE, (Harriet Cumming) 

AND MOTHER, MRS. HOOPER GUMMING . Rembrandt Peale 
THOMAS JEFFERSON, (1743-1826) .... Asher B. Durand 

from the original by Stuart 

THOMAS JEFFERSON, (1743-1826) .... Artist Unknown 

Copy from original by Stuart 

THOMAS JEFFERSON, (1743-1826) .... Rembrandt Peale, 1805 
WILLIAM JOHNSON, (1769-1848) .... John Wesley Jarvis, 1819 
SIR WILLIAM JOHNSON, BART., (1715-1774) 

Copy from the original in the posses- 
sion of his great-grandson 

JACOB JONES, U.S.N., (1768-1850) . . . Rembrandt Peale 

JOHN JONES, M.D., (1729-1791), (Miniature) Samuel Folwell, 1790 

JOHN DIVINE JONES, (1814-1895) . . . Daniel Huntington 

ELISHA KENT KANE, (1820-1857) . . . Thomas Hicks 

ROBERT HENDRE KELBY (1847- ) . . Irving R. Wiles, 1918 

WILLIAM KELBY, (1841-1898) Robert Hinckley, 1901 

JAMES KENT, (1763-1847) Samuel F. B. Morse 

EUGENE KETELTAS, (1802-1876) .... William 0. Stone 
BREVET LIEUTENANT-COLONEL HENRY KET- 
ELTAS, U.S.A., (1838-1896) Marietta Cotton 

JOHN ALSOP KING, (1816-1900) .... Robert Hinckley, 1892 

JOHN ALSOP KING, (1816-1900) .... John Trumbull 

about 1830 



66 



LIST OF PORTRAITS 



SUBJECT 

SOLOMON KIP (Miniature) 

HERMAN KNICKERBACKER, (1782-1855) . . 
COL. JOHANNES KNICKERBACKER, (1749-1827) 
JOHN C. KUNZE, D.D., (1744-1807) . . . 
MARQUIS DE LAFAYETTE, (1757-1834) . . 
MARQUIS DE LAFAYETTE, (1757-1834) . . 

MRS. MARTHA J. LAMB, (1829-1893) . . 
JOHN LAWRANCE, (1750-1810), (3 portraits) 
JOHN LAWRANCE, (1750-1810), (Miniature) 

AUGUSTINE HICKS LAWRENCE, (1770-1828) 

DAVID LEAVITT 

MRS. ESTELLE A. LEWIS, (1824-1880) . . 
MORGAN LEWIS, (1754-1844) 



EZRA L'HOMMEDIEU, (1734-1811) . . 

LINCOLN FAMILY 

JOHN LIVINGSTON, (1714-1788) 

MRS. JOHN LIVINGSTON, (Catherine De 

Peyster), (1724-1788) . \ 

COLONEL PETER R. LIVINGSTON, (1737-1794) 
ROBERT R. LIVINGSTON, (1746-1813) . . . 

EDWARD LYDE 

MRS. ANDREW McGowN, ist, (Margaret 

Benson), (1766-1851) 

ANDREW McGowN, 2d, (1785-1870) . . 
MRS. ANDREW McGowN, 2d, (Eliza A. S. 

Ferris), (1800-1890) 

ANDREW McGowN, 3d, (1856-1873) . . . 
MARY DE PEYSTER MCKNIGHT, (1832- ), 

(Miniature) 

MRS. ALEXANDER N. MACOMB, (Julia Anna 

McWhorter), (Miniature) 

WILLIAM CHARLES MACREADY, (1793-1873), 

(In character as William Tell) .... 

REV. ALEXANDER MCWHORTER, D.D.,(i734~ 
1807), (Crayon) 



Artist Unknown 
Artist Unknown 
Artist Unknown 
John Wesley Jarvis 
Charles C. Ingham, 

Artist Unknown 
painted 1791 

Artist Unknown 
Artists Unknown 
John Trumbull 

at Philadelphia, 1792 
Gilbert Stuart 
J. B. Flagg, 1872 
Charles L. Elliott 
Charles C. Curran 
from the original by James Herring 
Ralph Earl, 1792 
Frank B. Carpenter 
Henry Benbridge 

John Wollaston 
William II. Powell 

John Fanderlyn 
at Paris, 1804 

Rembrandt Peale, 1823 

Artist Unknown 
James H. Wright 

James //. Wright 
James H. Wright 

Artist Unknown 
Benjamin Trott 

Thomas C. Cummings 
from original by H. Inman 

Artist Unknown 



LIST OF PORTRAITS 



67 



SUBJECT 

MRS. ALEXANDER McWnoRTER, (Mary Gum- 
ming), (Crayon) 

JAMES MADISON, (1751-1836), (Miniature) 
JAMES MADISON, (1751-1836) 

JAMES MADISON, (1751-1836) 

MRS. JAMES MADISON, (1772-1849) . ... 

ZOPHAR MILLS, (1809-1887) 

SAMUEL L. MITCHELL, M.D., (1764-1831), 

(Crayon) 

JAMES MONROE, (1758-1831), (Miniature) . 
JAMES MONROE, (1758-1831) 

GEORGE P. MORRIS, (1802-1864) 
GOUVERNEUR MORRIS, (1752-1816) . . . 

LEWIS MORRIS, (1698-1762) 

ROBERT MORRIS, (1734-1806) 

SAMUEL F. B. MORSE, (1791-1872), (Crayon) 
WILLIAM- S. MOUNT, (1807-1868) .... 

ROBERT MURRAY, (1818-1878) 

COMMODORE JOHN T. NEWTON, U.S.N. 

(1793-1857) 

COMMODORE JAMES NICHOLSON, U.S.N.-, 

(1737-1804) 

JEREMIAH NIMS, (1818-1842) 

CAROLINE E. S. NORTON, (1808-1877) . . 
GEN. AARON OGDEN, (1756-1839) .... 
MRS. GEORGE OGILVIE, (Ann McWhorter), 

(Crayon) 

FRANCES S. OSGOOD, (1811-1850) .... 

JOHN PAYNE 

THOMAS PAYNE, (1717-1799) 

CHARLES WILLSON PEALE, (1741-1827) . 
OLIVER H. PERRY, U.S.N., (1785-1819) 

FRANKLIN PIERCE, (1804-1869) 

PAIR OF WRISTLETS, ONE BEARING PORTRAIT 

OF JOHN PlNTARD, THE OTHER " JUSTICE " 



Artist Unknown 
Artist Unknown 

Asher B. Durand 
from the original by Stuart 

Asher B. Durand 
Rembrandt Peale 
Frank B. Carpenter 

James Sharpies 
Artist Unknown 

Asher B. Durand 
from the original by Stuart 

Charles L. Elliott- 
Ezra Ames 
Artist Unknown 

John Wesley Jarvis 
from the original by Stuart 

Artist Unknown 

Frank B. Carpenter 
from the original by Elliott 

Rufus Wright, 1861 
Artist Unknown 

Artist Unknown 

Himself 

Samuel S. Osgood, 1839 

Asher B. Durand, 



Artist Unknown 
Samuel S. Osgood 
Thomas G. Wainewright 
G. Fander Puyl 
Benjamin West 
Rembrandt Peale 
Artist Unknown 

John Ramage 



68 



LIST OF PORTRAITS 



SUBJECT 

JOHN PINTARD, (1759-1818), (Miniature) 

JOHN PINTARD, (1759-1818) 

MRS. JOHN PINTARD, (Elizabeth Brasher), 
(1765-1838) (Miniature) 

MADAME JEAN BERARD DE PITHOU, (Mini- 
ature) 

JOHN HAMPDEN PLEASANTS, (1797-1846) . . 

EDGAR ALLAN POE, (1809-1849) .... 

DR. JOSEPH PRIESTLEY, (1733-1804) . . . 

REV. SAMUEL PROVOOST, D.D., (1742-1815) 

JOHN RANDOLPH OF ROANOKE, (1773-1833) 

SA-GO-YE-WAT-HA, or RED JACKET . . . 
GEN. JOSEPH REED, (1741-1785) .... 



LUMAN REED, (1785-1836) . . . 
REMBRANDT VAN RHYN (1606-1669) 

PETER REMSEN 

i 

JAMES RIKER, (1822-1889) 



JAMES RIVINGTON, (1724-18021) 

REV. JOHN RODGERS, D.D., (1727-1811) . 

BRYAN ROSSITER 

RAJAH RAMMOHUN ROY, (1773-1833) . . 

HENRY RUTGERS, (1745-1830) 

MRS. BARENT RYNDERS, (Hester Leisler) . 
AUGUSTUS SCHELL, (1812-1884) .... 
CATALINA SCHUYLER, (1705-1758) . . . 
JOHANNES SCHUYLER, (1668-1747) AND His 

WIFE, ELIZABETH STAATS, ( -i?37)> 
JOHANNES SCHUYLER, (1697-1741) . . . 
PHILIP SCHUYLER, (1695-1745) .... 
COL. PHILIP SCHUYLER, (1695-1745) . . . 
MAJOR GENERAL PHILIP SCHUYLER, (1733- 

1804) 

MRS. PHILIP SCHUYLER, (Catherine Van Rens- 
selaer), (1734-1803) 



John Ramage, 1787 
John Trumbull, 1817 

John Ramage, 1787 

Artist Unknown 

Artist Unknown 

Samuel S. Osgood 

Rembrandt Peale 

Thomas S. Duche 

John Wesley Jarvis, Balti- 

more, 1811 
Robert W. Weir, New York 

City, 1828 

J. C. Hagen 

from the original by C. W. Peale 

Asher B. Durand 
John G. Chapman 
Samuel L. Waldo 

Emil Kosa 
from a photograph 

Artist Unknown 
Artist Unknown 
John Trumbull 
Rembrandt Peale, London, 



Henry Inman, about 1828 
Artist Unknown 
Eastman Johnson 1885 
Pieter Vanderlyn 

Artist Unknown 
Artist Unknown 
Pieter Vanderlyn 
Artist Unknown 

John Trumbull 
Artist Unknown 



LIST OF PORTRAITS 



69 



SUBJECT 

DANIEL SEYMOUR 

WILLIAM SHALER, (1778-1833) 

BENJAMIN B. SHERMAN, (1811-1885) 

EDWIN SMITH, (1822-1906) 

ELIHU H. SMITH, (1771-1798), (Crayon) . . 
WILLIAM SMITH, (1728-1793), (Miniature) . 
AMBROSE SPENCER, (1765-1848) .... 
JOHN STANFORD, D.D., (1754-1834) . . . 

DANIEL STANTON 

CORNELIUS STEENWYCK, ( -1684) . . . 
CORNELIUS STEENWYCK, ( -1684) . . . 
GEN. EBENEZER STEVENS, (1751-1823) . . 
WILLIAM L. STONE, (1792-1844) .... 

ROGER STRONG, (1762-1836) 

GILBERT C. STUART, (1755-1828), (Mini- 
ature on ivory) 

GILBERT C. STUART, (1755-1828) .... 

GERARDUS STUYVESANT, (1690-1777) . . . 
NICHOLAS WILLIAM STUYVESANT, (1648-1698) 
NICHOLAS WILLIAM STUYVESANT, (1722-1780) 
NICHOLAS WILLIAM STUYVESANT, (1769-1833) 
PETER STUYVESANT, (1592-1672) .... 

PETER STUYVESANT, (1592-1672) .... 

PETER STUYVESANT, (1796-1860) .... 

PETRUS STUYVESANT, (1727-1805) . . 

CAPTAIN JOHN A. SUTTER, (1803-1880) . . 

DR. MAURICE SWABEY 

COL. ZACHARY TAYLOR, (1784-1850) . ,. . 

HENRY TEN BROECK, (1754-1830) . . . 

WILLIAM TILGHMAN, (1756-1827) .... 

Gov. DANIEL D. TOMPKINS, (1774-1823) . 

PIERRE TOUSSAINT, (1766-1853), (Mini- 
ature) 

MRS. PIERRE TOUSSAINT, (Juliette Noel), 
( -1851), (Miniature) ....... 

EUPHEMIA, NIECE AND ADOPTED DAUGHTER 



Thomas S. Cummings 
Artist Unknown 
George Gerhard, 1883 
Francisco Anelli 
James Sharpies, 1797 
H. Stubble 
John Wesley Jarvis 
John Wesley Jarvis 
Charles L. Elliott 
Artist Unknown 
Jan Fan Goosen 
Artist Unknown 
Edward D. Marchant 
John Vanderlyn 

Anson Dickinson 
Charles Willson and Rem- 
brandt Peale 
Artist Unknown 
Artist Unknown 
Artist Unknown 
Artist Unknown 

Artist Unknown 
painted from life 

Artist Unknown 
Copy from the original 

Artist Unknown 
Gilbert C. Stuart 
Samuel S. Osgood 
John Trumbull 
Artist Unknown 
John Paradise, 1814 
Rembrandt Peale 
John Wesley Jarvis 

Menucci 
Artist Unknown 



70 LIST OF PORTRAITS 

SUBJECT ARTIST 

OF PIERRE TOUSSAINT, (1815-1829), (Mini- 
ature) Artist Unknown 

NICHOLAS P. TRIST, (1800-1874) Robert M. Pratt, 1852 

JEAN LAZARE VACHE, (1762-1833), (Mini- 
ature) Artist Unknown 

JOHN B. VACHE, (1792-1813), (Miniature) . Artist Unknown 

MARIA ANNE VACHE, (1769-1835), (Mini- 
ature, on a tortoise shell snuff box) . . . Artist Unknown 

PIETER JOHAN VAN BERCKEL, (1725-1800) Charles Willson Peale 

GEN. PIERRE VAN CORTLANDT, (1762-1848) William Collins 

STEPHEN VAN CORTLANDT Artist Unknown 

MRS. STEPHEN VAN CORTLANDT, (Jane Beek- 

man) Artist Unknown 

' 

RIP VAN DAM, (1662-1736) Artist Unknown 

MRS. RIP VAN DAM, (Sarah Vanderspiegle) Artist Unknown 

LUCRETIA VAN DER MEULEN John Van Ravesteyn 

WILLIAM W. VAN NESS, (1776-1823) . . John Wesley Jarvis 

ROGER GERARD VAN POLANEN, James Frothingham 

JEREMIAH VAN RENSSELAER, JR., (1824-1866) Luther Terry 

PETER VAN SCHAACK, (1747-^1832) . . . Artist Unknown 

GULIAN C. VERPLANCK, (1786-1870) . . . Charles C. Ingham 

about 1830 

AMERICUS VESPUCIUS Artist Unknown 

Copied from the original in the Flor- 
ence Gallery 

AMERICUS VESPUCIUS Artist Unknow 

Copied from the original by Parmi- 
giano in the Royal Gallery at Naples 

CAPT. JOHN WADDELL, ( -1762) . . . Artist Unknown 
MRS. JOHN WADDELL, (Anne Kirton), 

(1716-1773) Artist Unknown 

ABRAHAM MORTIMER WALTON William Winstanley 

WILLIAM WALTON, (1706-1768) .... Artist Unknown 

WILLIAM WALTON, (1706-1768) .... John Wollaston 
MRS. WILLIAM WALTON, (Cornelia Beekman), 

(1708-1786) John Wollaston 

COL. ANDREW WARNER, (1806-1899) . . . George A. Baker, 1877 

GEORGE WASHINGTON, (1732-1799) . . . Asher B. Durand 

from the original, by Stuart, in the 
Boston Museum of Fine Arts 



LIST OF PORTRAITS 71 

SUBJECT ARTIST 

GEORGE WASHINGTON, (1732-1799) . . . William Grimaldi 

GEORGE WASHINGTON, (1732-1799) . . . Rembrandt Peak 

GEORGE WASHINGTON, (1732-1799) . . . Charles Willson Peale 

GEORGE WASHINGTON, (1732-1799) . . . Gilbert C. Stuart 

MARTHA WASHINGTON, (1732-1802) . . . Asher B. Durand 

from the original by Stuart 

MARTHA WASHINGTON, (1732-1802) . . . Rembrandt Peale 
JOHN WATTS, (1749-1836) John W. Bolles 

from the original by Henry Inman 

GEN. ANTHONY WAYNE, (1745-1796) . . . Edward Savage 

DANIEL WEBSTER, (1782-1852) .... George P. A. Healy, 184.2 

BENJAMIN WEST, (1738-1820) Abraham Delanoy, Jr., 1776 

PROSPER M. WETMORE, (1798-1876) . . . Charles L. Elliott 

MRS. HUGH LAWSON WHITE (Anne Peyton) Artist Unknown 

MARGUERITE PEYTON WHITE Artist Unknown 

N. P. WILLIS, (1806-1867) William A. Wall 

in Italy, about 1833 



Sculpture in the Collection of The New- 
York Historical Society 

(PLASTER CASTS UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED) 

BUST OF JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, (1767-1848) Artist Unknown 
BUST OF JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, (1767-1848), 

(In Marble) Horatio Greenough 

BUST OF WASHINGTON ALLSTON, (1779- 

1843), (In Marble) 

DEATH MASK OF REV. CHARLES W. BAIRD, 

D.D 

MEDALLION OF FORDYCE BARKER, M.D., 

(1819-1891), (In Marble) 

BUST OF JOEL BARLOW, (1754-1812) . . 
BUST OF SIMON BOLIVAR, (1783-1830) 
BUST OF RT. REV. THOMAS C. BROWNELL, 

D.D., (1779-1865) 



Edward Agustus Brackett 
S. Decamps 

Louis M. Verhaegen 
Jean Antoine Houdon 
Petrus Tener 



BUST OF WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT, (1794- 
1878), (In Marble) 



Chauncey B. Ives 
Henry K. Brown 



CHARLES I. BUSHNELL, (Bronze Medallion) A. W. Jones 



BUST OF HENRY CLAY, (1777-1852) 
BUST OF DE WITT CLINTON, (1769-1828) . 
BUST OF GEORGE CLINTON, (1739-1812) . 
BUST OF CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS, (1446- 

1506) (In Marble) 

Copy from original in the museum of the Capitol at Rome. 

BUST OF GEORGE WILLIAM CURTIS . . /. 0. A. Ward 

Replica of the bronze bust presented to The New York Public Library. 
BUST OF FREDERIC DE PEYSTER, (1796- 

1882) (In Marble) 

BUST OF JOHN WATTS DE PEYSTER, (1821- 

1907) (In Bronze) George E. Bissell 

BUST OF WILLIAM EARL DODGE, (1805- 

1883) (In Marble) 



Shobal V. Clevenger 
Artist Unknown 
Giuseppe Ceracchi 

John Gott 



George E. Bissell 



BUST OF Louis DURR, (1821-1880) 

Bronze) 

73 



(In 



/. Q. A. Ward, 1888 
Henry Baerer 



74 



LIST OF SCULPTURE 



BUST OF EDWARD EVERETT, (1794-1865) . 
BUST OF HICKSON W. FIELD, (1788-1873) 

(In Marble) 

BUST OF CHARLES JAMES Fox (1811-1846) 
BUST OF JOHN WAKEFELD FRANCIS, M.D., 

(1789-1861) 

BUST OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, (1706-1790) 
BUST OF ROBERT FULTON, (1765-1815) (In 

Bronze) 

Copy of Cast owned by the National Academy of Design, 

BUST OF ALEXANDER HAMILTON, (1757-1804) 

Copy from original by Ceracchi. 

BUST OF WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON, (1773- 

1841) 

BUST OF WILLIAM F. HAVEMEYER, (1804- 

1874) . . 
MEDALLION OF FRANCIS L. HAWKES, D.D., 

(1798-1866) (In Marble) 

BUST OF FRANCIS L. HAWKS, D.D., (1798- 

1866) (In Marble) 

MEDALLION OF FRANCIS Ik HAWKS, D.D., 

(1798-1866) .... 

MEDALLION OF NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE, 

(1804-1864) 

MEDALLION OF JOSEPH CONVERSE HEYWOOD 
BUST OF PHILIP HONE, (1781-1851) 
BUST OF PHILIP HONE, (1781-1851) 
BUST OF DAVID HOSACK, (1769-1835) . 
BUST OF JOSEPH HUME, (1777-1855) . 
BUST OF WASHINGTON IRVING, (1783-1859) 

(In Marble) 

EQUESTRIAN STATUETTE OF ANDREW JACK- 
SON, (In Bronze) 

BUST OF JOHN JAY, (1745-1829) 
BUST OF PETER AUGUSTUS JAY, (1776-1842) 
BUST OF THOMAS JEFFERSON, (1743-1826) 
BUST OF ELISHA KENT KANE, M.D., (1820- 

1857) 

BUST OF JAMES KENT, (1763-1847) . 



Shobal V . Clevenger 

Artist Unknown 
Artist Unknown 

Artist Unknown 
Jean Antoine Houdon 

Jean Antoine Houdon 
John Dixey 

Shobal V . Clevenger 
Julia Griffin, 1874 
David Richards 
David Richards 
Artist Unknown 

Edward J. Kuntze 
F. Manley 
John H. I. Brozvere 
Shobal V . Clevenger 
John II. I. Browere 
Joseph Bonomi 

Erastus D. Palmer 

Clark Mills 
Giuseppe Ceracchi 
Robert E. Launitz 
Jean Antoine Houdon 

Peter Reniers 
Shobal V . Clevenger 



LIST OF SCULPTURE 



75 



MEDALLION OF GOVERNOR JOHN ALSOP 

KING, (1788-1867) 

BUST OF THADDEUS KOSCIUSZKO, (1746- 

1817) 

BUST OF ALPHONSE MARIE Louis DEPART 

DE LAMARTINE, (1790-1869) (In Marble) 
BUST OF WILLIAM BEACH LAWRENCE, (1800- 



Artist Unknown 



Eggenschwiler 
A. S. Adam-Salomon, 1854 



1881) (In Marble) . . . . . . . F. A. T. Dunbar, 1877 



T. D. Jones 
Clark Mills 
Artist Unknown 
Artist Unknown 
Franklin Simmons, 1869 
John Wesley Jarvis 
Lea Ahlborn 



BUST OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN, (1809-1865) . 

BUST OF D. J. MACGOWAN 

BUST OF JOHN MARSHALL, (1755-1835) 
BUST OF LORD NELSON, (1758-1805) . 
BUST OF SAMUEL OSGOOD, D.D., (1812-1880) 
BUST OF THOMAS PAINE, (1737-1809) . 
DANIEL PARISH, JR., (1838-1914) . 

Plaster cast and mould of the large model of the gold medal presented to Daniel Parish, Jr., 
by the American Numismatic Society, 1890. 

MEDALLION JOHN PINTARD Artist Unknown 

BUST OF WILLIAM PITT, (1759-1806) . . Artist Unknown 
STATUE OF WILLIAM PITT, (1759-1806) (In 

Marble) Joseph Wilton 

Erected by the Colony of New York, September 7, 1770, at the intersection of Wall and 
William Streets. It was mutilated by the British soldiers soon after their occupation of New 
York City in 1776. 

BUST OF WILLIAM H. PRESCOTT, (1796- 

1859) Thomas Ball 

BUST OF LUMAN REED, (In Marble) . . Artist Unknown 

BUST OF SIR WALTER SCOTT, (1771-1832) . Artist Unknown 

BUST OF MRS. JONES SCHERMERHORN (Mary 
Hone), (In Marble) 

MEDALLION OF GEORGE SCRIBA, (1753-1836) 

BUST OF WILLIAM H. SEWARD, (1801-1872) 

BUST OF WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE, (1564-1616) 

Cast from the Bust in Stratford Church, from the collection of George Daniel. 

BUST OF BENJAMIN SILLIMAN, (1779-1864) C. B. Ives 
MEDALLION OF GILBERT STUART . S. Ellis 

Model for the American Art Union Medal for the year 1848. From a bust taken from life by 
Browere. 

BUST OF GEORGE WASHINGTON, (1732-1799) Jean Antoine Houdon 



Thomas Crawford, 1837 
Artist Unknown 
Artist Unknown 
Artist Unknown 



76 



LIST OF SCULPTURE 



MEDALLION OF GEORGE WASHINGTON, (1732- 

1799) (In Bronze) 

BUST OF JOHN WATTS, (1749-1836) 

Copy from the original by Ball Hughes. 

BUST OF DANIEL WEBSTER, (1782-1852) . Shobal F. Clevenger 
STATUETTE OF DANIEL WEBSTER, (1782- 

1852) (In Bronze) 

BUST OF BENJAMIN WEST, (1738-1820) 
BUST OF JOSEPH M. WHITE, (1781-1839) 

(In Marble) 

BUST OF HUGH WILLIAMSON, M.D., (1735- 

1819) 

BUST OF OLIVER WOLCOTT, (1726-1797) . 
BUST OF JAMES R. WOOD, M.D., (1816-1882) 



Alfred W. Jones 
Thomas Coffee 



Thomas Ball, 1853 
Francis Chantrey 

Horatio Greenough 

William L Coffee, 1816 
Shobal F. Clevenger 
Artist Unknown 



ACHILLES AND PENTHESILEA. (Group in 
Marble) 

A BACCHANTE. (In Marble) .... 

THE INDIAN. (In Marble) 

PRIMITIVE MARKSMAN. (In Bronze) . 

RUTH. (In Marble) . . ] 

GROUP OF A BOY AND DOG] OR, CHI VINCI, 
MANGIA. (In Marble) 

BACCHUS. (In Marble) 



G. M. Benzoni 
Nicolas Coustou 
Thomas Crazvford, 1856 
Fernando Miranda 
Henry K. Brown 

Henry K. Brown 
Artist Unknown 



Index 



Academy of Fine Arts, to open an exhibi- 
tion, 44; Napoleon presents a collection 
to, 46; exhibition, 51; discussion concern- 
ing financial aid to the, referred to, 52; 
miniatures stolen from, 55 

Academy of Polite Arts, proposals for, 19-20, 
21-24 

Adams, John, portrait of, by Mather Brown, 
referred to, 29 

American Academy of Arts, an account of, 
referred to, 49 

American Museum, Philadelphia, advertises, 

1 7 
Aquatint work, introduce in America, 42 

Architecture, school for, 25 
Auchmuty, Miss, Pratt's portrait of, re- 
ferred to, 32 
Automatons, exhibition of, 39-40 

Baker, Gardner, proprietor of an exhibition, 

39. 4 

Baltimore, Md., 30 

Bard, Dr., Jr., 8 

Barrelet, John J., 38 

Barrow, Thomas, 38, 39 

Bateman, William, engraver, his advertise- 
ment, 12-13 

Beekman family, mentioned, 2, 9 

Bell and the Dragon, story of, in wax works, 
28 

Berson, I. P., painter, his advertisement, 41 

Birch, B., his advertisement, 20-21 

Boel, Rev. Mr., 2 

Bogart, Daniel, I, 2 

Brevoort, Mr., 8 

British Army, regiments mentioned: 52d, 14; 

57 tr >> 14 

Broadwood's, Piano Forte, 50 

Brown, Mather, his paintings mentioned, 25- 
26; his drawings of Shakespearian scenes, 
29; his American portraits referred to, 29 

Buds of Beauty, frontispiece of, described, 30 

Cabinetmakers, 4 

Caricaturing a portrait, an arrest for, 52 

Carvers, 4 

Gary, Mathew, 39 

Catton, Charles, death of, 57 

Cerachi, Giuseppe, is attacked for sculptur- 
ing the bust of the President of the United 
States, 56 

Charleston, S. C., painting of the City, ex- 
hibited by artificial light, 39; mentioned, 9 

Cincinnati, Society of, proposes erecting 
statue of Gen. Washington, 47 



City Hall, N. Y. City, 6, 7 

City Hotel, 49 

Clark, Mrs., 38 

Clephan, Lewis, portrait painter, his adver- 
tisement, 31 

Clinton, George, engraved portrait of to be 
published, 38 

Coats of Arms, advertisement concerning, 
27,30 

Coffee House Bridge, 14 

Colles, J., miniatures, his advertisement, 14 

Colles, John (miniature profiles), his adver- 
tisement, 15-16; mentioned, 31 

Columbian Academy of Painting, advertise- 
ment of, 35-36, 43 

Cooke, Richard C., admitted Freeman, I 

Copley, John S., 19; his painting mentioned, 

25 
Crolieus, Mr., 19 

Dancing instructor, 18 

Davis, Mrs., 32 

Dawkins, Henry, engraver, 4 

De Bruls, Michael, proposes publishing four 
views of New York City, 4-6 

De Lanoy, Abraham, 7 

De Lanoy, Abraham, Jr., 3, 7; advertises, 8; 
paints sign, 8; his death, 9 

Dickinson, Anson, miniature painting, 49 

Dobson, Thomas, 39 

Donaldson, William, 16 

Duer, Colonel William, his comments on a 
portrait of Miss Auchmuty, 32 

Dunlap, William, removes to the New York 
Institution, 5 1 ; offers reward for miniatures 
stolen from American Academy of Fine 
Arts, 55 

Durand, John, gives instruction in drawing, 
6; his advertisements, 6-7 

Du Simitiere, P. E., miniature painter, ad- 
vertises, 7; mentioned, 18 

Duyckinck, Evert, admitted Freeman, I 

Duyckinck, Gerrardus, admitted Freeman, I 

Duyckinck, Gerardus, Jr., mentioned, 30 

Duyckinck, Gerritt, admitted Freeman, i 

Dwight, Stephen, cabinetmaker, advertises, 4 

Edinburgh, Scotland, 14 
Edsall, Thomas H., mentioned, 56 
Engravers, 4, 5, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 18, 28 
Exhibition of Paintings described, 50 
Eyrand, Judith, wife of Lawrence Kilburn, 2 



Ferrara, Mrs., 7 
Field, Robert, his engraved 
Washington, 38 



portrait o 



77 



78 



INDEX 



Franklin, Benjamin, Peale's mezzotint of, 

mentioned, 32 
French Academy in Paris, mentioned, 18 

Gaine, Hugh, printer, 5, 10, 14, 16 
Garrison, B., proposes to instruct in drawing 

and painting, 16 
Gaultier, Mr., 39 
Glasgow, Scotland, 14 
Godwin, Abraham, engraver, his advertise- 

ment, 28 

Godwin, Mr., engraver, 30 
Goelet, Peter, 32 

Goelet, Raphael, admitted Freeman, I 
Golden Head, tavern, 15 
Gray, Mr., portrait of, by Mather Brown, 

referred to, 29 

Great Barn Island, for sale, 47 
Green, S., engraver, 25 
Greswold, Mr., 15 
Gullager, C., painter, his advertisement, 

40-41 

Haldimand, General, u, 12 

Hamilton, Alexander, TrumbulPs portrait 

of, placed in the City Hall, 35; his portrait 

engraved by Field to be issued, 38; his 

likeness in wax, 46 
Hardcastle, Henry, carver, 4 
Harrison, James, proposals for publishing 

views of U. S., 37; mentioned, 39 
Harvard University, mentioned, 26 
Haynes, Joseph, 4 
Heap, George, his plan of Philadelphia pub- 

lished, 4 
Henri Peter, miniature painter, his adver- 

tisement, 32 
Hicks, Judge, 13 

Hoffman & Glass, sale by, advertised, 49 
Holt, John, printer, 5; letter addressed to, 

10-11 

Hood, Admiral, 8 
Hopkins, Mr., 12 

Hudson River, view of, mentioned, 51 
Hull, Mr., his tavern, 12 
Hutt, John, engraver, his advertisement, 
11-12 

Irving, Smith & Holly, sale by, of paintings, 



Jarvis, John W., his terms advertised, 48 
Jay, John, engraved portrait of, to be pub- 

lished, 38 
Jefferson, Thomas, portrait of, by Mather 

Brown, referred to, 29 

Keppel, Capt. George, captures Washing- 
ton's portrait, 55 



Kilburn, Judith, 3 

Kilburn (Killbrum), Lawrence, his arrival, i; 

his advertisements, i, 2, 3; marries, 2; 

his death, 3; property of, to be sold, 29 
King and Queen, represented in wax, 33 

Lacour, Peter, instructs in drawing and 

painting, 25 
Lafayette, Marquis de, Peale's mezzotint of, 

mentioned, 32 

Lake George, view of, mentioned, 51 
Lamb, Anthony, 4 
Lament, Mr., 27 
Laurens, Henry, 56 
Lawrence, John, proposes to instruct in 

drawing, 16, 17 

Lemet, L., engraver, his advertisement, 45 
Livingston, Rev. John, in wax, 33 
Livingston, Mr., 44, 46 
Livingston's Sugar House, 3 
London, Eng., i, 8, 11, 12, 14, 21 
Longworth, David, 48 
Lorrain, Claude, 10 
Lottery Office, mentioned, 18 
Loutherborough, his paintings referred to, 25 
Low, Cornelius, his paintings for sale, 13 
Low, Isaac, 13 

Lowndes, Capt. William, his estate for sale, 47 
Lucas, Mr., 15 

M'llworth, Thomas, portrait painter, 4 

M'Kenzie, Mr., barrack-master, 14 

Malbone, Edward G., death of, 57 

Maratto, Carlo, 10 

Mare, John, admitted Freeman, i 

Maria, ship, i 

Marling [Martling], Rachel, marries Abra- 
ham DeLanoy, 7 

Martin, Col. Josiah, 4 

Maverick, Andrew, almitted Freeman, i 

Maverick, Peter, engraver, his advertise- 
ment, 1 8, 24, 27-28 

Maverick, Peter R., death of, 50 

Mechanic Hall, 49 

Merchants Coffee House, 4 

Mesnard, Thomas, 29 

Metcalf, Eliab, painter, his advertisement, 52 

Mezarra, Francis, arrested forcaricaturing,52 

Miller, Thomas, ship master, i 

Montcrief, Major, mentioned, 32 

Montgomery, Mr., 26 

Montgomery, Robert, 30 

Morgan, Mr., painter, mentioned, 28 

Moses & Sons, Isaac, to sell oil paintings, 39 

Mount Vernon, Parkyns' view of, mentioned, 
36 

Murray, John, engraver, his advertisement, 



INDEX 



79 



Napoleon, Emperor, presents collection to 
American Academy of Fine Arts, 46 

New London, Conn., 50 

New Paltz, N. Y., 57 

New Rochelle, N. Y., 49 

New York City, proposals for publishing 
four views of, in 1763, 4-6 

New York, Parkyns' view of, mentioned, 36 

New York Institution, ?i, ^5 

Niagara, view of, published, n, 12; men- 
tioned, 51 

Noel, Garret, book seller, 4 

North Carolina, 34 

North, Lord, his portrait in wax, 33 

Nutter, Mr., 15 

Orleans, Dutchess of, in wax, 33 

Paff, M., advertises his gallery of paintings, 

Paff's Gallery, referred to, 52, 55 

Paiba, Mr., 4 

Panorama, building of the rotunda for Van- 
derlyn's, commenced, 54 

Panorama, of Charleston, S. C., with James 
and Sullivan's islands exhibited by arti- 
ficiallight, 39 

Pantheon, to be opened, 44 

Paper Hanging Manufactory, advertisement, 
30-31 

Parisen, Philip, miniature painting, his ad- 
vertisement, 34-5, 43; advertises an estate 
for sale, 47; his terms for painting, 47 

Parisien, Otto, Goldsmith, death of, 49 

Parkins, Mr., 42 

Parkyns, G. I., proposals for publishing 24 
views of U. S. by, 36-37 

Partridge, Nehemiah, admitted Freeman, I 

Peale, Charles Willson, his advertisements, 
17; to paint the portrait of the President 
of Congress, 29; his mezzotint of Washing- 
ton and others advertised, 31-2; his por- 
trait of David Rittenhouse exhibited, 40; 
history of his Washington portrait, 55-6 

Peale, Raphael, to paint miniatures, 42 

Peale, Rembrandt, his advertisement, 42 

Pepperrell, Sir William, portrait of himself 
and of his children mentioned, 26 

Pepperell, Sir William, portrait of, by 
Mather Brown, referred to, 29 

Philadelphia, Pa., plan of, advertised as 
published, 4; mentioned, 10 

Philadelphia, Pa., seal manufactory at, 26, 
30; mentioned, 15, 18, 29, 31, 32, 36, 39, 
41, 42 

Pierie, Lt., his engraving of Niagara pub- 
lished, II, 12 

Pitt's Statue, mentioned, n 



Pratt's exhibition room at New York, men- 
tioned, 32 

Proctor, Garden, 4 

Proctor, Mr., watchmaker, 14 

Providence, R. I., 41 

Provoost, Rev. Samuel, in wax, 33 

Purcell, Henry, engraver, his advertisement, 
12, 13 

Quaker Meeting House, 24 

Quesnay, Alexander M., instructs in dancing 
and drawing, 18-19, h' s plans for an 
Academy of Polite Arts, 19-20, 21-24 

Ramage, John, miniature painter, 16; his 
household furniture to be sold, 35 

Rauschner, Mr., 44 

Rembrandt's Head, N. Y. City, 7 

Reynolds, Thomas, seal cutter and jeweller, 
his advertisement, 26-27, 3 

Rittenhouse, David, Peale's portrait of, 
exhibited, 40 

Rivington, James, 12, 16, 17 

Robertson, Alexander, his advertisement, 35- 
36; sale of paintings at his room, 51; sec- 
retary, American Academy of Fine Arts, 

5i,55 
Robertson, Archibald, his advertisement, 35- 

36,43 

Robertson, Walter, his painting of Washing- 
ton, to be engraved, 38 

Rodgers, Rev. John, in wax, 33 

Rogers, Sally, paints with her mouth, 48 

Rosevelt, Peter, 2 

Rotunda, building of, commenced, 54; its 
progress referred to, 54 

Rowand, William, portrait painter, his ad- 
vertisement, 14 

Royal Academy, Paris, 25 

St. Memin, C. B. J., 45 

Savage, F., engraver, 40, 42 

Savage, Mr., 48 

Scene painter, advertisement of, 33 

Schuyler, Dirck, 8 

Scull, Nicholas, Surveyor General of Penna.,4 

Seal, manufactory at Philadelphia, 26 

Seaman, Martin, 41, 42 

Shakespeare Gallery, 48 

Sharpies, James, death of, 49; his collection 
for sale, 49 

Shnydpre, Ignatius, scene painter, his ad- 
vertisement, 33 

Sign painting, 16 

Smith, Capt., 14 

Smith, George, engraver, 14 

Smith, William, of S. C., engraved portrait 
of, 40 



80 



INDEX 



Smither, James, engraver, 15 

Snow's Hotel, N. Y. City, museum, 46 

South Carolina, 34 

Staples, John J., 39 

Stephany, Mr., 3 

Stewart, Gabriel [?], his portrait of Clinton 

to be engraved, 38 
Stirling, Lord, 18; house of, leased for an 

academy, 20 
Stites, Mr., 20 
Streets, mentioned: 

Batteaux, 7 

Bayard, 2 

Beaver, I, 2, II, 12 

Beekman, 15 

Broad, 5, 6, 7, 18, 20, 25 

Broadway, 12, 13, 48 

Burling Slip, 4, 5, 8 

Chapel, 16, 31 

Chatham, 47 

Church, 49 

Crown, 2, 18, 24, 27, 31 

Dey, 24, 28 

Dock, 4, 13, 29 

Fair, 12, 45 

Fly Market, 3, 8, 13 

Gold, 28 

Golden Hill, 14 

Greenwich, 39, 48, 51 

Hanover Square, 5^ 32 

John, 45 

Leonard, 55 

Liberty, 43, 50 

Lispenard, 49 

Little Dock, 31 

Maiden Lane, 7, 16, 28, 33, 37, 40 

Nassau, 25 

Pearl, 46 

Queen, 15, 19, 20, 33, 34 

Smith, 19, 34 

Tryon Row, 14 

Wall, 14, 26, 30, 48 

Water, 11, 14, 15, 16, 33 

White Hall, 3 

William, 35, 39,43,45, 50 
Stuart, Gilbert, his paintings mentioned, 25, 

38 

Taylor, John, 13 

Tetley, William B., portrait painter, his ad- 
vertisement, II, 12 

Thody, Col., 5 

Tiebout, Alexander, 38 

Tiebout, Cornelius, proposals for publishing 
his engraved portraits of Clinton and Jav, 
38 

Tontine, City tavern, exhibition of paintings 
at the, 41 



Totten, Joseph, merchant, 15 

Trumbull, John, his historical paintings de- 
scribed, 52-3; subscriptions for engravings 
of his pictures solicited, 53; criticism of 
his paintings referred to, 54 

United States, proposals for publishing 
views of, 36-37 

Vanderlyn, Peter, his building of the ro- 
tunda, commenced, 54; its progress re- 
ferred to, 54 

Van Dyck, Mr., 19 

Wales, Prince of, his portrait in wax, 33 

Washington, D. C., Parkyns' view of, men- 
tioned, 36 

Washington, George, Peale's mezzotint, ad- 
vertised, 31-2; his portrait in wax, 33; pro- 
posals for publishing a portrait of, by 
Robertson, engraved by Field, 38; his 
portrait by Wright, on exhibition, 40; 
statue of proposed by Society of Cincin- 
nati, 47; full-length likeness of, for sale, 49; 
Peale's portrait of, history of, 55-6 

Washington, Mrs. George, her portrait by 
Wright, on exhibition, 40 

Watchmaker, 14 

Watts, John, 3 

Watts, Robert, 29 

Way, Mary, portrait and miniature painter, 
advertises, 50-1 

Wax Works, exhibition of, 28, 33, 33-4; de- 
scription of some, 44-45; of Mrs. Wright, 
burned, 9; restored, 9-10; New Museum 
of, advertisement of, 46 

Wells, Mrs. (sister of Mrs. Wright), 9 

West, Benjamin, his paintings mentioned, 25; 
mentioned, 7, 8, 19 

Weyman, W., printer, 5 

Whitfield, Rev. Mr., his wax figure saved, 9 

Willett, M., sheriff, 35 

Williams, William, painter, advertises, 7, 15 

Wilson, Mr., his painting of Niagara, pub- 
lished, II 

Wilson, Woodrow, unveils portrait of Wash- 
ington in England, 56 

Wright, I., his portraits of Gen. and Mrs. 
Washington, on exhibition, 40 

Wright, Joseph, his portrait of Jay to be en- 
graved, 38 

Wright, Mr. (son of Mrs. Wright, the mod- 
eller), his advertisement, 28 

Wright, Mrs., her wax works burned, 9; re- 
stored, 9-10; exhibition, 28; death of, 
28-29 



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