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1884.] J. Wood-Mason— 0;i the Genus Pliyllothelys. 209 

The cerci are of tlie ordinary slender conical form and do not reach so 
far as the end of the ovipositor. 

S . Smaller and slenderer with the cephalic horn and its crests, 
as has been already stated, reduced to a rudimentary condition and 
all folded or shrivelled up together so as to form a soft and flexible 
projection no more than about a millimetre in length. 

Organs of flight almost wholly membranous and hyaline. Tegmina 
with the marginal field semiopaque brown resolved into spots at the 
apex, with a few scattered groups of areolets in the discoidal area 
and the meshes of the anal gusset faintly smoky, and with some dark 
brown linear dashes on the longitudinal veins. Wings with their 
anterior margin pale brown spotted at the apex, the rest of these organs 
being very faintly iridescent-smoky, with obsolete double hyaline edgings 
to the transverse violets, from the base nearly to the outer margin, 
along which the smokiness and the longitudinal veins are alike darker, 
especially in the anterior area. 

In the Tenasserim specimen of this sex the cephalic protuberance 
is more broadly . rounded at the top and less produced, and the horn 
is more rudimentary ( ? in consequence of the specimen being a dried 
one), but there is no other apparent difference between it and the spirit- 
specimen from Assam described above, except perhaps in the tint 
(exaggerated in fig. 1) of the wings, which is slightly deeper in the 
latter. 

Total length, 9 51, S 40 ; height of head, from free margin of 
labrum to apex of horn, 2 14, S 4'5, breadth of head between the eyes, 
? 4' 5, S 3" 75, length of horn, from a straight line drawn tangentially 
to the upper surface of the eyes, ? 10, S 1"5 ; length of antennjB, 9 
22, S 22 ; length of pronotum, ? 22, S 14'5, of its anterior lobe, $ 5, 
S 3"3, of its posterior lobe, ? 17, <? ir2, breadth of pronotum at supra- 
coxal dilatation, 2 3'5, S 2'75 ; length of fore-coxa ? 13, $ 9, femur, 
? 14'5, d 10, tibia, ? 8, ^ 5*5, intermediate femur, ? 5-5, $ 4-5, tibia, 
? 5, (? 4, posterior femur 2 7'5, i (3, tibia 2 7, 5 5-5 ; length of teg- 
mina 9 27, c? 27, breadth across middle 2 6"5, $ 6 millims. 

Hab. — 2 2 and L 9 nymph, Sibsagar, Assam (8. E. Peal), 1 $, 
Buxa, Bhutan (Dr. Leivis Gamermi), and 1 cf Moolai, Upper Tenasserim 
(Moti Bam) in Indian Museum, Calcutta. A fine female is preserved 
in the British (Natural History) Museum, South Kengsington, London. 

2. Phyllothelys paradoxum, n. sp., PL XII, Fig. 3. 

cf nymph. Nearly allied to the preceding, which it closely resem- 
bles in the relative proportions of its parts and in every detail of colour 
and ornamentation, but from the same sex of which it differs in the 
possession of a fully developed cephalic horn and from the opposite sex 



rr 



.<• 



v 



210 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 3, 

in the form of tliis horn, which is slenderer, ranch more thinly folia- 
ceous, and jagged, instead of entire, on the edges, so as to resemble a 
very narrow pinnately-cleft leaf, the mid and lateral ribs of wliich are 
represented by the thick and hence opaque axes of the horn and its 
lateral processes. The fore tibite have 16 teeth on the outer edge and 
14 on the inner. 

The only measurements of this immature insect that can usefully 
be given are : — length of pronotum 11, of fore femur 7, height of head, 
from free edge of labrum to top of horn, 7 millims. 

Hab. Burmah. 

This interesting animal was presented to me many years ago by my 
friend Mr. William Theobald of the Geological Survey of India. 

Explanation of Plate XII. 

Fig. 1. Phyllothelys westivoodi, W.-M., 3 , with wings extended, nat. size ; 
1 a. the head, viewed from in front, x 2 ; lb. the left fore-leg, from the inside, 
X 2. 

Pig. 2. Phyllothelys ivestwoodi, 2,with wings extended, nat. size; 2 a. the 
head, from behind, x 2 ; 2 b. the same, from in front, x 2 ; 2 c. the end of the 
abdomen, from above, x 2; 2d. the posterior leg of right side, from in front, x 2. 

Fig. 3. Phyllothelys paradoxum, n. sp., $ nymph, the head, from in front, 
X 3. 



IX. — Notes on Indian Rhynchota, No. 1. — By E. T. Atkinson, B. A. 

Unless where expressly stated to be descriptions, the notes attached 
to each species are merely intended as aids to identification ; and the 
measurements of specimens not in the Indian Museum have been con- 
verted into millimetres from the measurements of the several authors. 

HOMOPTERA. 

Family Cicadid^, Westwood, Introd. Mod. Class. Ins. ii, 420 (1840). 

Stridulantia, Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 1 (1866). 

Ocelli three, placed on the disc of the vertex. Pronotum and 
mesonotum very large. Anterior coxae prismatic, oblong, inserted in the 
anterior angles of the prostethium : intermediate and posterior coxte 
briefly subcorneal, somewhat contiguous, remote from the sides of the 
body. Anterior femora incrassated, very often spinose, tibiee smooth. 
Tarsi 2 — 3 jointed. Abdomen in the males with an organ of sound on 
each side at the base. 



TAt^n - ^ ^Vs l^Ne\>\ VWjdh-^2>v/ 



1884.] E. T. AtkiriBon— Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 211 

Genus PoLTNEURA, Westwood. 

Westwood, Arc. Ent. i, p. 92 (1842) : Am. et Serv., Hist. Nat. Hem. p. 460 
(1843) : Stal, Hem Afric. iv, p. 3 (1866). 

1. POLTNEURA DUCALlS. 

Polyneura ducalis, Westwood, Arc. Ent. i, p. 92, t. 24, f. 2 (1842) ; Jardine, 
Nat. Lib. t. 18, f. 1 (1843) ; Am. et Scrv., Hist. Nat. Jus. Hem. p. 460 (1843) ; 
Walker, List. Hom. B. M., i, p. 2 (1850). 

Easily recognised by its ricli golden brown colour and tlie apical 
half of the tegmina being finely reticulated with hexagonal cells. Body 
long 35 ; exp. teg. 102 millims. 

Reported from Assam, Sikkim, Nepal. The Indian Museum pos- 
sesses specimens from Sikkim and Assam. 

Genus PCECILOPSALTRIA, Stal. 

Hem. Afric, iv, p. 2, (1866) ; Berl. Eut. Zeitsclir. p. 168 (1866). 

Allied to Tettigades, Am. et Serv. Thorax angulated on each side, 
anterior femora not spinose,'*||!tfetasternum elevated, the elevated part 
sulcate, produced and subsinuato-truncated in front. 

2. PffiCILOPSALTRIA AFFINIS. 

Tettigonia affinis, Fabr., Syst. Rhyn. p. 37 (1803). 

Cicada affinis, Germar in Thon's Archiv. Ent. ii, fasc. 2, p. 1, G, (1830) ; in 
Silbermann's Rev. Ent. ii, p. 79 (1834) ; Walker, List Hom. B. M. i, p. 3 (1850). 
Poecilopsaltria affinis, Stal, Hem. Fabric, ii, p. 4 (1869). 

Body long 23 ; exp. teg. 77 millims. •', 

Reported from India, but no specimens appear in the British, Mu- 
seum list, and it would be well again to identify the locality of the spe- 
cimen noted in Mus. Lund. 

Genus Plattpleura, Amyot & Serville. 

Amyot et Serville, Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 465 (1843) : Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 2 
(1866) : Butler, Cist. Ent. i, p. 184 (1874). 

(a.) Species with yelloiv or tawny wings. 

3. Plattpleura phal^noides. 

Platypleura phalcenoides. Walker, List Hom. B. M. i, p. 4 (1850) : Butler^ Cist. 
Ent. p. 185 (1874). 

Platypleura interna, Walker, 1. c. iv, p. 1119 (1852), which differs in having 
the anal angle only (instead of the whole flap) of the wings black. 

Platypleura congrex, Stal, MS., is also possibly only a variety of this species. 

Reported from Bengal, Assam, Silhat, N. India. A somewhat com- 
mon species in Sikkim. The Indian Museum possesses specimens from 
Sibsagar, Sikkim, and Darjiling. 



212 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. [No. 3, 

An examination of some fifty males shows some variations in indi- 
viduals, even amongst those collected in the sarae locality. In the hya- 
line apical portion of the tegmina, the bi'own band is sometimes connec" 
ted with the marginal row of spots, sometimes with the brown band 
across the middle part of the tegmina, and sometimes with neither. The 
hyaline spots in the radial and 3 — 4 nlnar areas vary mnch in size, and 
the metathoracic markings vary in size and distinctness. The venation, 
too, is not altogether uniform, and the colour of the thorax varies from 
green to brown. 

? . Body sordidly luteous above and below. Face moderately con- 
vex, transversely sulcated, with a longitudinal groove, luteous, vertex 
and pronotum fui-rowed, luteous. The mesonotal marks are represented 
by two almost obsolete short black lines on fore border and two faint 
black dots on hinder border. Abdomen black above, first three segments 
marginally luteous-pubescent ; below, central portion tawny, thickly 
pubescent. Opercula small, somewhat rounded, wide apart. Legs con- 
colorous with body : posterior tibife spinose, tarsi and claws piceous. 
Teo-mina, markings as in $ , but basal half suffused with deep fulvous, 
Wiuo-s as in $, but apical third alone brown, limbus hyaline, flaps 
fulvous. Length body, 22| ; exp. tegm. 75 ; of one tegmen 34 ; breadth 
of pronotum 13 millims. 

Hab. Sikkim, one specimen only in the Indian Museum. 

4. PlATYPLEURA ASSAM ensis, n. sp. 
Sordid green, face very slightly convex, transversely sulcated, with 
a longitudinal groove : a fascia extending from eye to eye through the 
base of the antennse, black. Rostrum extends to third abdominal seg- 
ment, tip piceous. Markings above as in P. phalcenoides, Walker. Ab- 
domen piceous, each abdominal segment with a slight marginal fulvous 
pubescence. Opercula very small, wide apart piceous in the j ; close 
together, piceous and margined with slight tawny in the S . Basal 
half of tegmina, brown, with irregular pale markings : a hyaline spot in 
the third quarter of the radial area, a pale spot at the base of the radial 
area and the 4 — 5 ulnar areas. Apical half of the tegmina pale hyaline ; 
a' brown patch extending through the apical anastomoses of the 1 — 3 
ulnar areas : an inner apical row of six brown spots, first two and last 
broadest, first two confluent, middle sagittate, last confluent with the dot 
on the limbus : apical veins ending in six small oblong brown spots, 
beyond which in the limbus are six minute dots. Wings marked as in 
P. i}hal<anoidcs with which it is closely allied, but the body is much less 
robust, and smaller ; and there is a difference in the markings and colour 
of the tegmina. Length body, 23| ; exp. tegm., 69 ; of single tegmen, 
30 ; breadth of the pronotum 12, millims. 



1884.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 213 

S is slightly smaller, tegmen, 27 millims. 

Hab. Sibsagar and Ndga Hills : <f and V in Indian Museum. 

5. Plattpleura nicobarica, n. sp. 

Liglit ochraceous, shining. Face moderately convex, transversely 
snlcated, with a median longitudinal groove, an interrupted fascia ex- 
tending from eye to eye, and a patch on each side of the base of the 
rostrum and along the first joint thereof, black. The rostrum extends 
well beyond the posterior coxiB, tip black. Eyes dull castaneous, jjilose 
behind. Vertex deeply grooved, the hollows, a small triangular patch 
below the ocelli, a narrow fascia from eye to eye through the ocelli, 
and a narrow short longitudinal line between the ocelli and eyes, black. 
Pronotum furrowed, with a single, longitudinal, narrow, short, black line 
in the middle of the anterior margin, lateral processes subtriangular and 
their external margins brown. The mesonotum with two triangular 
black spots, their bases resting on the anterior margin, and on each side 
a large distinct V- shaped mark, slightly interrupted on the inner side, and 
two small round spots near the posterior margin. Segments of abdomen 
black, margined with yellow, above and below, slightly pubescent. Legs 
ochraceous, extremities of tibiee and claws brown-black, posterior tibi^ 
spinose. Opercula ochraceous, small, rounded, contiguous, having a black 
patch near the base of posterior coxse. Tegmina, basal half tawny with 
irregular brown markings in the radial and 1 — 4 ulnar areas and one in 
the costal membrane. The upper thu^d of the third ulnar area and the 
apical areas hyaline, with an almost obsolete series of minute dots at the 
end of each vein : wings ochraceous, apical third brown, with veins och- 
raceous, a discal streak to anal angle and two lines confluent at the inner 
angle, brown. Length body, 24 : exp. tegmina, 75| of single tegmen 33 : 
breadth of the pronotum, 14| millims. 

Hab. Nicobar Islands : in Indian Museum. 

6. Plattpleura sphinx. 

Platypleura sphinx, Walker, List. Horn. B. M. i, p. 13 (1850) : Butler, Cist. 
Ent. p. 188 (1874). 

Tegmina whitish, brownish-tawny towards the base and having else- 
where some irregular pale-brown marks which here and there include 
white spots. Body long 18 ; exp. teg. 43 millims. 

Reportedfrom N. Bengal, N. India. 

7. Platypleura celebs. 

Platypleura caiehs, Stal, Trans. Eut. Soc. 3rd Ser. i, p. 573 (18G3) : Butler, 
Cist. Ent. p. 188 (1874). 



214 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. [No. 3, 

Allied to Pcvcilopsaltria capitata, Olivier, (Enc. Metli. v, p. 754) 
in regard to size, broadness of apical limbus, tegmina and wings. Body 
long 23: exp. teg. 68 millims. Reported from N. India. 

8. Platypleura andamana. 

Platijpleii^ra andamana, Distant, Trans. Ent. Soc. p. 174 (1878). 
This species was described from a specimen procui'ed from the An- 
daman islands. Body long 22 : exp. teg. 84 millims. 

9. Platypleura roepstorffii, n. sp. 
^ . $ . Brownish, tawny. Face gamboge colour, moderately convex, 
transversely sulcated, with a brown longitudinal groove. Rostrum ex- 
tending almost to the posterior margin of the first abdominal segment, tip 
brown. Legs brown above, tawny below ; tibiee setose, posterior pair spinose. 
Eyes bright castaneous, moderately prominent, pilose behind. Second 
joint of antennas pale tawny. A fascia from eye to eye, through, the 
base of the antennce and frons, and another through the ocelli, black. 
Pronotum grooved, with an obtuse-angled black mark on middle of pos- 
terior border ; lateral processes subtriangular, anterior margin slightly 
brown. Mesonotum with two obconical spots extending backwards from 
anterior border and having between them a variable sagittate mark, two 
dots wide apart, near posterior border, and a very obscure mark situate 
on the outer side of each of the obconical sj)ots, black. Abdominal 
sutures black, margined with luteous, pubescent ; anal segment below, 
luteous. Opercula very small, subelliptical, wide apart in the $ ; conti- 
guous, semi-rounded, in the $ . Tegmina brown, opaque : basal third 
tinged with tawny, very apparent when stretched out ; two spots in the 
radial area (the basal extending into the costal membrane) and one in the 
fourth ulnar area, black. A patch in the middle of the first ulnar area, 
extending into the tliii-d, and one near the base of the third ulnar area, 
extending into the fourth, pale brown. Apical area pale brown ; veins 
adorned with oval marks, brown, with a centre of pale brown. External 
margin with a row of six subquadrangular brown spots, divided by oval 
pale brown spots. Wings fulvous tawny, disc and a band along the fore 
and external borders brown. Length of body, 24^ ; exp. tegm. 7Gf ; 
of one tegmcn, 34 ; breadth of pronotum, 12 millims. 
Closely allied to P. andaiaana, Distant. 

Hab. Andaman Islands. Several specimens are in the Indian Mu- 
seum. 

(h.) Witli black aoul white tvings. 

10. Platypleura basialba. 

Oxypleura haxialhn, AValkor, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 26, (1850). 
Platypleura hasialha, IJntk-r. Cist. Ent. i, p. 191 (1874). 

Body long 10, exp. tug. 01 nilUiins. Reported from N. Bengal. 



1884.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes mi Indian Rhynchota. 215 

11. Plattpleura nobilis. 

Cicada nohilis, Germar in Thon's Archiv. ii, fasc. 2, p. 9 (1830) ; in Silber- 
mann's Eev. Ent. ii, pt. 2, p. 82, (1834). 

Cicada hemiptera, Guerin, Voyage Belanger Incl. Orient, p. 500 (1834). 

Platypleura semilucida, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i. p. 20 (1850). 

Platypleura nohilis, Butler, Cist. Ent. i, p. 191 (1874) ; Distant, J. A. S. B. shnii, 
(2), p. 38 (1879). 

Reported from Java, Singapore, and Tenasserim : there is a specimen 
in tlie Indian Museum from Tenasserim. As this is a typical species of 
the smaller members of this genus, I re-describe it, the original de- 
scription being practically unobtainable. 

Tawny. Face tawny, moderately convex, transversely sulcated Avith 
the furrows brown and a longitudinal groove broadly black. Rostrum 
extending to the fourth abdominal segment, tip piceous. Eyes dull 
castaneous, with a narrow black fascia, extending from anterior margin 
around the base of the antennte. Vertex with a bright tawny fascia on 
anterior margin and two minute obconical black marks, extending from 
posterior margin on each side of the ocelli, obsolete in some. Prono- 
tum tawny, furrowed, furrows black ; a line from the middle of the 
anterior border to the posterior border, black and quadrangularly expanded 
on the disc. Mesonotum fulvous brown, with two moderate obconical 
black spots, extending backward from the fore border, midway between 
which there is a discal line connected with a fascia on the hinder border 
also black. On the outer side of both the moderate obconical spots is 
a large obconical patch, black, and extending from the fore border almost 
to the hind border. The metanotum is bright tawny. The abdominal 
sutures are black, edged with fulvous, slightly pubescent. Below, the 
fulvous margins of the abdominal segments alone appear. Opercula 
tawny, brown at the base, rounded, small, wide apart. Legs tawny, 
anterior and middle femora spotted broAvn, posterior tibioe spinose. Teg- 
mina, basal third tawny, with some irregular lighter markings : a hyaline 
spot, at the apex of the radial area, just above a dark brown spot which 
extends into the costal membrane : a black spot in the ulnar space. 
Apical two-thirds of tegmina hyaline, with three minute brown spots 
on the apical anastomoses of the first and second ulnar areas, also a very 
minute brown spot on each side of the middle of the vein separating the 
second from the third apical area and the third from the fourth ; six 
minute brown spots on the limbus. Basal two-thirds of the wings broAvn, 
with a discal streak extending to the anal angle, tawny ; apical third, 
hyaline ; flaps taAvny with a brown line on the suture. Length body IG ; 
exp. teg. 46 ; length of one tegmen 24 ; breadth of pronotum 8 millims. 
2<J 



216 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 3, 

Variety, a. — Markings on face and pronotum more distinctly black. 
Tlie markings on tke basal third of the tegmina are more distinctly pale 
forming a band of five spots extending from the costal membrane through 
the ulnar areas. The brown spots in the hyaline apical poi^tion broader, 
the internal apical row produced through the apical areas and the ex- 
ternal apical row of dots duplicated. The tawny discal streak of the 
wings wanting, flaps grey hyaline. From Munipur, in Indian Museum. 
Allied to Platyj)leura insignis, Distant. 

12. Plattpleuea insignis. 

Flatypleura insignis, Distant, J. A. S. B. xlviii (2), p. 39, t. 2, f., 2 (1879). 

Allied to the preceding, but tegmina and wings very distinct, the 
opaque portion being much less than in that species. Body long 15 ; 
exp. teg. 45 millims. Reported fi-om Tenasserim and Hindustan : a 
specimen from the former locality is in the Indian Museum. 

(c.) With hlach, white, and red wivgs. 
13. Plattpleuea octoguttata. 

Tetfigonia octoguttata, rabricins, Exit. Syst. Suppl. p. 515 (1798) ; Syst. ELyng. 
p. 39 (1803) ; Coqnebert, 111. Ins. i, p. 34, t. 9, f., 1 (1790). 

Oxypleura sanguifiua, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i., p. 24 (1850) ; Ins. Sannd. 
Horn. p. 2 (1858). 

Pcpcilopsaltria octoguttata, Stal, Berl. Ent. Zeitsclir. x, p. 168 (1866) (re-described). 

Platypleura octoguttata, Bntler, Cist. Ent. i, p. 192 (1874). 

Body long 27 : exp. teg. 80 millims. Reported from the Panjab, N. 
India, N. Bengal, S. India. The Indian Museum possesses specimens 
from Bengal, Calcutta, and Sambhalpur in the Central Provinces, 

14. Plattpleuea subeufa. 

Oxypleura sulrufa. Walker, List. Horn. B. M. i, p. 25 (1850). 

Pcvcilopsaltria capitata, Stal, Berl. Ent. Zeitsclir. x, p. 169 (1866), Tvlio joins 
together ' subrufa' and ' capitata' Olivier (Enc. Meth. v, p. 754, t. 112, f. 10), the 
former an Indian and the latter a Ceylon species. They have been separated again 
by Bntler (Cist. Ent. i, p. 192) and should remain separate. 

Platypleura suhrufa, Butler, Cist. Ent. i, p. 192 (1874). 

Body long 27 : exp. teg. 75 millims. Reported from Coromandel 
and India. 

(d.) With hJacli, toliite, and hroivn imifjs. 

15. Plattpleuea bufo. 

Ox-yplcura lufn, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i. p. 27 (1850). 
Platypleura bufo, Bntler, Cist. Ent. i, p. 195 (1874). 

Body long 25 : exp. teg. 81 millims. Reported from India. 



1884.] E. T. Afkinson— Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. 217 

16. Platypleuea cervixa. 

Platypleura cervina, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 16 (1850) ? ; Butler, Cist. 
Ent. i, p. 198 (1874). 

Platypleura straminea, Walker, 1. c. p. 17, S ■ 

Body long 17 : exp. teg. 50 millims. Reported from N. Bengal. 
Genus Tacua, Amyot & Serville. 

Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem., p. 461 (1843) : Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 3. 
(1866). 

17. Tacua speciosa, 

Tettigonia speciosa, IlHger in Wied. Zool. Arch, ii, 145, t. 2 ; Fabricius, Syst. 
Rhyn. p. 33 (1803). 

Cicada indica, Donovan, Ins. Ind. Hem., t. 2, f. 3, (1800). 

Cicada speciosa, Blanchard, Hist. Nat. Ins. iii, 165 ; Hem. t. 9 (1840-41). 

Tacua speciosa, Am. et Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 462 (1843) ; Walker, List. 
Horn. B. M. i, p. 46 (1850). J. A. S. Zool. i. p. 141 (1857). 

Body long 55 millims. Reported from Java, Bengal (Donovan). 
Genus TosENA, Amyot & Serville. 

Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 462 (1843) : Stal, Hem. Afric. iv. p. 3. 
(1866). 

18. TOSENA MELANOPTERA. 

Tosena melanoptem, Wliite, A. & M. N. H. xvii, p. 331 (1846) ; Walker, List Horn. 
B. M. i, p. 46 (1850). 

Body long 60 : exp. teg. 142 millims. Reported from Silhat, IS". India. 
The Indian Museum possesses specimens from Sibsagar and Sikkim. 

19. Tosena mearesiana. 

Cicada mearesiana, Westwood, Arc. Ent. i, p. 98, t. 25, f. 1 (1842). 
Tosena mearesiana, Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 463 (1843) ; Walker, 
List Horn. B. M. i, p. 46 (1850). 

Body long 44 : exp. teg. 130 millims. Reported from N. India. The 
Indian Museum possesses specimens from Sikkim. 

20. Tosena albata. 

Tosena alhata, Distant, Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1878, p. 175. 
Body long 59 : exp. teg. 132 millims. Reported from N. India. 

21. Tosena splendida. 
Tosena splendida. Distant, Ent. Month. Mag. xv, p. 76 (1878). 

$ . Body long 47 : exp. teg. 124 millims. $. Body long 49 ; exp. teg. 
127. Reported from Assam, Naga Hills, Kliasiya Hills. The Indian 
Museum possesses c? and ? from the Lushai country. 



218 E. T. Atkinson— JVo^e.s on Indian Rhynchota. [Ko. 3, 

Genns Huechts, Amyot & Serville. 
Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 464 (1843) : Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 4 (18G6). 

22. Huechts PHiLiEMATA. 

Tettigonia philmnata, Fabricius, Syst. Ehyn. p. 42 (1803) ; Stoll, Cig. p. 53, 
t, 13, f. 62 (1788). 

Cicada philcemata, Germar in Thon's Archiv. ii, fasc. 2, p. 26 (1830) ; in Silber- 
mann's Rev. Ent. ii, p. 75, n. 52 (1834) ; Burmeister, Handb. Ent.ii, (i) p. 180 (1835). 

Cicada sanguinea, Gnerin, Voyage La Favorite, v, p. 155 (1839) ; Mag. Zool. 
p. 75 (1839). 

Huechys phil'cemata, Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 465 (1843) ; Walker, 
List Hom. B. M. i. p. 251 (1850). 

Guerin (1. c.) nnites tliis species with the following and keejos 
n. sanguinolenta, Fabr., which he had not seen, distinct, but he is not 
followed in this arrangement by later writers. 

Body above black with the frons, two quadrate patches on mesothorax, 
and abdomen sanguineous : tegmina brown, wings cindery-grey and 
subhyaline. Body long 22 millims. 

Reported from Philippine Islands, N. Bengal, and Silhat. The 
Indian Museum possesses specimens from the Naga Hills, N. India, and 
Tenasserim. 

23. Huechts sanguinea. 

Cicada sanguinea, De Geer, Ins. iii, 221, t. 33, f . 17 (1773) ; Gmelin Ed. Syst. 
Nat. i, 3, 2098 (1782) ; Westwood in Donovan's Ins. China, t. 16, f. 1 (1842). 

Tettigonia sanguinolenta, Fabricins, Syst. Ent. p. 681 (1775) ; Spec. Ins. ii, p. 
321 (1781) ; Mant. Ins. ii, p. 267 (1787) ; Ent. Syst. iv, p. 25 (1794) ; Syst. Ehyn. 
p. 42 (1803). 

Cicada sanguinolenta, Olivier, Enc. Metb. v, p. 756 (1790) ; Germar in Thon's 
Archiv, ii, fasc. 2, p. 3 (1830), in Silbermann's Rev. Ent. ii, p. 75 (1834) ; Blanchard, 
Hist. Nat. Ins. iii, p. 165 (1840-41) ; Gnerin, Voyage La Favorite, v, p, 155, t. 45, f . 1 
(1839) ; Mag. Zool. p. 76, t. 237, f. 1 (1839). 

EuecKys sangidiiea, Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 465 (1843) ; Walker, 
List Hom. B. M. i, p. 251 (1850) ; J. L. S. Zool. i, p. 84 (1856) ; ibid., x, p. 95 
(1867) : Distant, J. A. S. B. xlviii, (2) p. 38 (1879). 

Guerin separates ' sanguinolenta, Fabricius ' and unites ' philcemata ' with 
'sanguinea'. H. incarnata, Germar, Silb. Rev. Ent. ii, p. 75, (1834), and Brulle 
Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. ii, t. 3. f. 2, is probably only a variety of H. sanguinea. 

Head, thorax, and feet black : frons, two great spots on the meso- 
thorax, and abdomen sanguineous : tegmina black : wings fuscous. Body 
long 18 ; exp. teg. 41| millims. 

Reported from India, Singapore, China, and the Eastern Archipe- 
lago. Specimens exist in the Indian Museum from Sikkim, Sibsdgar, 
Calcutta, and Tenasserim. 



1884.] E. T. Atldnson—Nofcs on Indian Rhyncliota. 210 

24. HUECHYS TESTACEA. 

Tettigonia testacea, Fabriciua, Mant. Ins. ii p. 267 (1787) ; Ent. Syst. iv, p. 2-i 
(1794) ; Syst. Ehyn, p. 42 (1803) : Stoll, Cig. p. 41, t. 8, f. 41 (1788). 

Cicada testacea, Gmelin Ed. Syst. Nat. i, pt. 4, p. 2098 (1782) ; Olivier, Enc. 
Metli. V, p. 756, t. 113, f. 5 (1790) ; Germar in Tkon's Arcliiv. ii, fasc. 2, p. 3, 
(1830) ; Guerin, Voyage La Favorite, v, p. 155 (1839) ; Mag. Zool. p. 78 (1839). 

Huechys testacea, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 252 (1850). 

The upper surface of tlie body without red marks : tegmina brovpn, 
only partly transparent : wings concolorous, veins black : abdomen san- 
guineous. 

Reported from Coromandel. 

25. HUECHTS PH^NICUEA. 

Cicada phmnicura, Germar in Silbermann's Rev. Ent. ii, p. 76 (1834) ; Gucrin, 
Icon, clu Regne Animal, p. 78 (1830-34). 

Huechys phcenicura. Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 252 (1850). 

Black, entire frons, mesotborax, and abdomen sanguineous ; tegmina 
and wings black ; sometimes frons black in the middle and tborax with a 
black basal spot or band running through it, sides and small median spot 
red. 

Reported from India, Sikkim. 

26. HUECHTS TRANSVERSA. 

Huechys transversa, Walker, List Horn. B. M. Snppt. jj. 40 (1858). 

Black : tegmina with costa and transverse veins red and a testa- 
ceous band. Body long 23 : exp. teg. 62 millims. 
Reported from Hindustan. 

27. Huechys thoracica. 

Huechys thoracia, Distant, J. A. S. B. slviii, (2), p. 39, t. II, f. 3 (1879). 

Known by the red hour-glass-shaped fascia on pronotum. Body long 
19 : exp. teg. 43 millims. 

Reported from Tenasserim and Hindustan. 

28. Huechys trabeata. 

Cicada trabeata, Germar in Thon's Archiv, ii, fasc. 2, p. 3 (1830) : Guerin, Mag. 
Zool. p. 78 (1839). 

Huechys trabeata. Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 252 (1850). 

Body ferruginous, tegmina and wings fuscous with ferruginous veins. 

Body long, 20| millims ; tegmina broken at the ends. 

Reported from Java. 

There is a specimen in the Indian Museum, locality unknown. 



220 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on LxUan Rhynchota. [No. 3, 

Genus SCIEROPTERA, Stal. 
Hem. Afrio. iv, p. 4 (1866). 

Allied to Gceana : nlnar veins contiguous at the base or united for a 
short distance ; head scarcely narrower than the base of the thorax J 
anterior femora incrassated, spinose beneath. 

29. SCIEEOPTEEA CROCEA, 

Cicada crocea, Gnerin in Yoyago La Favorite, v, p. 159, t. 45, f . 3 (1829) ; Mag. 
Zool. p. 79, cl. ix, t. 237, f. 3 (1839) ; in Voyage La Coquille, ZooL ii (2), p. 182 
(1830). 

Huechys crocea, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 252 (1850). 

Scieroptera crocea, Stal, Berl. Ent. Zeitsclir. x, p. 169 (1866). 

Yellow : thorax above with four reddish brown spots : abdomen 
saffron-red, more obsolete below. Feet yellow, tibise and tarsi black. 
Tegmina and wings hyaline with yellow veins. 

Reported from Bengal. 

30. Scieroptera splendidula. 

Tettigonia splendidula, Fabricius, Syst. Ent. p. 681 (1774) ; Spec. Ins. ii, p. 
321 (1781) ; Mant. Ins. ii, p. 267 (1787) ; Ent. Syst. iv, p. 25 (1794) ; Syst. Rhyn. 
p. 42 (1803). 

Cicada splendidula, Gmelin Ed. Syst. Nat. i, pt. 4, p. 2098 (1782) : Olivier, Enc. 
Meth., V, p. 756 (1790) : Germar in Thon's Archiv, ii, fasc. 2, p. 45 (1830) : Guerin, in 
Voyage La Favorite, v, p. 159 (1839) ; Mag. Zool. p. 79 (1839) : Westwood in Dono- 
van's Insects China, t. 16, f. 4 (1842). 

Huechys splendidula, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 252 (1850). 

Scieroptera splendidula, Stal, Berl. Ent. Zeitsclir. x, p. 169 (1866) : Distant, 
J. A. S. B. xlviii (2), p. 38 (1879). 

Yellow ; thorax above with four large blackish rounded spots. 
Tegmina golden brown : anterior tibite red, femora black : posterior femora 
red : abdomen sanguineous. Body long 17 : length of one teg. 19^ millims. 

Reported from N. India, Silhat, Tenasserim. The Indian Museum 
possesses specimens from Tenasserim, Arakau, and the Khasiya Hills. 

31. Scieroptera fumigata. 

Huechys fumigata, Stal, Of vers. Kong. Vet. Akad. Forh. p. 244 (1854) ; AValkcr, 
List Horn. B. M. Suppt. p. 314 (1858). 

Scieroptera fumigata, Stal, Berl. Ent. Zeitsclir. x, p. 169 (1866). 

Head, thorax, and scutellum black; their lateral margins, a median 
patch on the thorax, and spot on the scutellum yellow : tegmina f usco- 
vinaceous, costa and veins weakly yellow testaceous ; wings weakly 
vinaccous hyaline, abdomen and femora testaceous, the former above 
blackish. Body long 12 : exp. teg. 28 millims. 

Repurted from India. 



1884.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 221 

Genus Graptotettix, Stal. 

Hem. Afrio. iv, p. 4 (1866). 

Allied to Gceana : tegmina with ten apical cells : vertex twice as 
wide as the eyes : anterior femora spinose beneath ; tibice longer than 
femoi'a. 

32. Graptotettix guttatus. 

Graptotettix guttat^(,s, Stal, Berl. Ent. Zeitschr. x, p. 170 (1866). 

Blackish with the frons, four oval spots on the thorax, two large 
spots on the scntellnm, and the abdomen sordidly yellow : tegmina and 
wings fnscons. Body long 25 : exp. teg. 67 millims. 

Reported from the Himalaya. The Indian Museum has a specimen 
from Sikkim, 

Genus G^ana, Amyot & Serville. 

Hist, Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 463 (1843). 

33. G^ANA OCTONOTATA. 

Cicada octonotata, Westwood, Arc. Ent. ii, p. 34, t. 57, f . 2, 9 (1843) . 
Huechys octonotata, Walker, List Hom. B. M. i, p. 253 (1850). 

Easily recognised by the tegmina brown with four yellowish spots 
and the wings roseate. Body long 37 : exp. teg. 61 millims. 

Reported from Assam. The Indian Museum possesses specimens 
from Sikkim. 

34. G^ANA DIVES. 
Tosena dives, Westwood, Arc. Ent. i, p. 98, t. 25, f. 2 (1842) : Am. et Serv. Hist. 
Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 464 (1843) : Walker, List Hom. B. M. i, p. 46 (1850). 

Black : tegmina with reddish veins and a median transverse, nar- 
row whitish band : wmgs testaceous, apical part black. Body long 25 : 
exp. teg. 75 millims. 

Reported fi'om Silhat. The Indian Museum possesses specimens 
from Sikkim. 

35. G^ANA COKSORS. 

Ocp.ana consors. White, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1850 ; Walker, List Hom. B. M. i p. 
253 (1850). 

Close to G. festiva, but differing in the markings on the teo-mina. 
Body long 29 : exp. teg. 84 millims. 

The Indian Museum possesses specimens from the N'aga Hills and 
Samaguting in Assam. One specimen has the body above and below 
black without a single spot or mark except a testaceous tinge on the 
lower part of the face ; and the markings on the tegmina are dark green. 



222 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rlijmcliota. [No. 3, 

36. G^ANA FESTIVA. 

Tettigonia f estiva, Fabricius, Syst. llhyu. p. 41 (1803). 

Cicada thalassina, Percheron, Gen. Ins. (Hem.), t. 2 (1834) : Gnerin, Voyage La 
Coquille, Ins. p. 183 (1838). 

Cicada 'perclieronii, Gnerin, Icon. Ecgno Animal, p. 35-5 (1S3S). 

Gomna consobrina, Wliito, Proo. Zool. Soc. 1850 ; Walker, List Hom. B. M. i, 
p. 254 (1850). 

Gccana festiva, Stal, Berl. Ent. Zeitsclir. x, p. 170 (18G6) ; Hem. Fabr. ii, p. 5 
(1869). 

Black : a testaceous band across tlie face from eye to eye and around 
each eye : four narrow longitudinal yellow lines on the thorax. Tegmina 
bluish green or greenish yellow, the radial area with a small and larger 
spot below, a median band, three confluent apical patches, and a broad 
apical limbus, black : wings white or bluish, apical part black with a 
white or bluish spot on the disc. Body long 33 : exp. teg. 80 millims. 

Reported from Assam, Bengal. 

The Indian Museum possesses specimens from Darjiling and Sikkim. 
Some of these have the tegmina green, others greenish yellow, and, 
in some, the wings have the basal portion and a discal spot bright testa- 
ceous not white or jiale, the size and arrangement of the markings on 
the body and tegmina remaining exactly the same. 

37. GiEANA MACULATA. 

Tettigonia maculata, Fabricius, Syst. Ent. App. p. 831 (1775) ; Spec. Ins. ii, p. 
319 (1781) ; Mant. Ins. ii, p. 266 (1787) ; Ent. Syst. iv, p. 20 (1794) ; Syst. Ehyn. 
p. 37 (1803). 

Cicada maculata, Drnry, 111. Nat. Hist, ii, p. 69, t. 37, f. 1 (1773) ; Gmelin, ed. 
Syst. Nat. i, pt. 4, p. 2100 (1782) : Olivier, Enc. Meth. v, p. 750, t. 112, f. 4 (1790) : 
Germar in Thon's Arcliiv. ii, fasc. 2, jj. 12 (1830) ; in Silbermann's Kev. Ent. ii, 
p. 74 (1834). 

Gceana maculata, Am. et Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 464 (1843) ; Walker, 
List Hom. B. M. i, p. 253 (1850). 

? . Black shining : two yellow spots on vertex between the eyes, one 
below each eye : six on mesonotum, four in front, two behind. Tegmina 
black, with five spots, two basal (of which one within radial area is 
minute) and three larger subequal median spots, whitish j^ellow : a white 
dot in 1 — 3 ulnar and in all the apical areas except the last. Wings 
black, basal part sordidly white and a sub-apical row of five white dots. 
A form of the <? has, instead of the dots or spots in the ulnar and apical 
areas, broad smears of dirty white, and is also larger than the ordinary 
2 . Body long 32 : exp. teg. 92 millims, ? : body long 40 exp. teg. 
97 millims. , form last mentioned. 

The Indian Museum possesses specimens from Sikkim, Khasiya 
Hills, Samaguting, and the Dhansiri Valley. 



188-i.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. 223 

38. GaiANA SULPHUREA. 

Cicada sulphurea, Hope, in Royle's 111. Bofc. Him., Introd., p. liv, t. 10, f. 2 
(1839). 

Cicada pidchella, Westwood, Arc. Ent. ii, p. 34, t. 57, f. 1. (1843). 
Qceana sulphurea, Walker, List Hotn. B. M. i, p. 254 (1850). 

Black ; head, pronotam, and mesonotum spotted snlpliureous : teg- 
mina and wings sulphnreons for the basal two-thirds ; apical third black- 
ish-fuscous : tegmina with a blackish-fuscous median band : abdomen 
beneatli and on each side at the tip, spotted yellow. Body long 38 : exp. 
teg. 90 millims. 

Reported from ]S"epal and IST. India. 

The Indian Museum possesses specimens from Sikkim and- N. India. 

Genus Dqndubia, Am. & Serv. 
Am. et Serv., Hist. Nat. las. Hem. p. 470 (1843) : Stal, Hem. Afric. iv. p. 5 
(1S6G). 

Head triangalar : frons large, very convex, transversely sulcated, 
with a longitudinal groove in the middle : pronotum not ampliated on the 
lateral margins : cheeks without a tubercle : rostrum not or barely reach- 
ing the base of the posterior coxte : opercnla long, extending beyond the 
middle of the venter, very often to the last segment. 

This and the remaining genera of this group have been so imper- 
fectly worked out, and the synonymy is so defective, that it is impossible 
for any one in this country to do more than indicate the recorded species. 
Walker's work here is particularly untrnstworthy, and his descriptions 
quite unintelligible. 

39. DUNDUBIA MANNIFERA. 

Cicada mannifera, Linnaeus, Mns. Ad. Fried, p. 84 (1754), excluding synonymy. 

Tettigonia vaginata, Fabricius, Mant. Ins. ii, p. 266 (1787) ; Ent. Syst. iv, p. 18 
(1794) ; Syst. Rhyn., p. 35 (1803). 

Cicada vaginata, Gmelin Ed. Syst. Nat. i, pt. 4, p. 2099 (1782) ; Olivier, Enc. 
Metli. V, p. 748 (1790) ; Stoll, Gig. p. 38, t. 7, f. 35 (1788). 

Cicada virescens, Olivier, Enc. Metli. v, p. 747 (1790) t. 110, f. 2 ; Walker, List 
Horn. B. M. i, p. 64 (1850). 

Dimdiihia vaginata. Am. et Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 471 (1843) ; Walker, 
List Horn. B. M. i., p. 47, 1120, (1850) ; J. L. S. Zool. x, p. 84 (1867). 

Dunduhia mannifera, Stal, Berl. Ent. Zeitschr. x, p. 170 (1866) : Distant, J. A. S. 
B. xlviii, (2), p. 38 (1879) ; Trans. Ent. Soc. p. 634 (1881). 

Body pale yellow-olive or virescent, spotless ; tegmina and wings 
hyaline, spotless, costa of the former black or brown ; opercnla almost as 
long as the abdomen, narrowed near the base, thence oval, rounded at 
the tip, testaceous or pale green, d . Body long 43: exp. teg. 110 
millims. 

30 



224 E. T. Atkinson — Nufes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 3, 

Reported from Morty, Sumatra, Tenasserim, Assam. 
The Indian Museum possesses specimens from Java, Tenasserim, and 
Sikkim. 

40. DUNDUBIA MICRODON. 
Dii.nduhia microdon, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 55 (1850). 

Body long, 34 : exp. teg. 88 millims. Reported from N. India. 

41. DUNDUBIA LATERALIS. 
Dunduhia lateralis, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 61 (1850). 

Body long, 29 : exp. teg. 87 millims. Reported from Silhat. 

42. DUNDUBIA INTEMERATA. 
Dunduhia intemerata, Walker, J. L. S. Zool. i, p. 84 (1856). 

Pale testaceous : tegmina and wings hyaline, spotless, the costa of 
the former tawny, veins green. Opercula acute, triangular, narrow, ex- 
tending to fifth ventral segment. Body long 21 : exp. teg. 72 millims. 

Reported from Singapore. 

The Indian Museum possesses specimens from Tenasserim, Dhansiri- 
valley, Sibsagar, Naga Hills, Samaguting. 

43. DUNDUBIA VIBRANS. 

Dunduhia vihrans, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 54 (1850) : J. L. S. Zool. x, 
p. 84 (1867). 

Body pale tawny, wings colourless, pale tawny at the base ; apex 
of tegmen slightly clouded with brown. Body long 36 : exp. teg. 92 
millims. 

Reported from Silhat. 

44. DuNDUBIA NICOMACHE. 
Dunduhia nicomache, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, jd. 67 (1850). 
Body long 22 : exp. teg. 85 millims. Reported from N. India, 

45. DuNDUBIA TIGRINA. 

Dunduhia tigrina, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, 69 (1850). 

Body long 23 : exp. teg. 69 millims. Reported from Malabar, 
The Indian Museum possesses specimens from Assam ? 

46. DuNDUBIA MACULIPES. 
Dnnduhia maculipes, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 70 (1850). 

Body long 25 : exp. teg. 71 millims. Reported from N, Bengal. 



1884.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliynchota. 225 

47. DUNDUBIA SAMIA. 
Dunduhia samia, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 77 (1850). 
Body long 28 : exp. teg. 71 millims. Reported from N. India. 

48. t)DNDUBIA SINGULARIS. 
Dundubia singularis. Walker, List Horn. B. M. Suppfc. jj. 7 (1858). 
Body long 19 : exj). teg. 62 millims. Reported from India. 

49. Dundubia radha. 

Dunduhia radha. Distant, Trans. Ent. Soc. p. 634 (1881). 

Allied to D. inannifera, Linn., from whicli it differs by the much 
broader head, attenuated apices of the opercula, and its much larger size- 
In superficial appearance, it bears a strong resemblance to the genus 
Gosmopsaltria. (Distant). Body long 53 : exp. teg. 124 millims. 

Reported fi-om Madras Presidency and Mussooree. 

50. DUXDUBIA tripurasura. 
Dunduhia tripurasura, Distant, Trans. Ent. Soc. p. 635 (1881). 

This species is allied to D. vibrans, Walker, from which it structu- 
rally differs by the long and subtriangular opercula. The abdomen is 
also broadei', the tegmina unspotted, and the sanguineous colour of the 
abdomen and opercula are also somewhat peculiar and distinct, (Dis- 
tant) . Body long 33 : exp. teg. 85 millims. 

Reported from Assam. 

61. Dundubia nagarasingna. 

Dundubia nagarasingna, Distant, Trans. Ent. Soc. p. 635 (1881). 

Distant writes : — ' I am somewhat at a loss for a closely allied 
species with which to compare it, but its distinct colour and markino-s 
and shape and the length of the opercula should sufficiently distino-uish 
it.' Body long 39 : exp. teg. 95 millims. 

Reported from N. W. Burma. 

52. Dundubia immacula. 

Dimduhia immacula, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 50 (1850). 
Body fawn colour, wings whitish. Body long 40: exp. teo-. 102 
millims. Reported from Tenasserim. 

Genus Melampsalta, Kol. 
Melet. Eut. vii. p. 27 (1857). 



226 E. T. Atkinson— iV'oi^es on lH(?ia?(- Rliyncliota. [No. 3, 

53. Melampsalta vakians. 

Cicada varians, Germar in Silbermann's Rev. Ent. ii, p. 59 (1834). 

BunduUa varians, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 48 (1850) ; iv, p. 1120 (1852) : 

Snppt. p. 6 (1858). 

Dundnbia chlorogaster, Walker (nee Boisdnval), 1. c. p. 47, 9 • 
Melampsalta varians, Stal, A. S. E. P. (4 Ser.) i. p. 619 (1862). 

Reported from Silliat. 

Genus COSMOPSALTRIA, Stal. 
Hem. Afric. iv, p. 5 (1866). 

In Ofvers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Forli. p. 708 (1870), Stal distrilrates 
tliis genns amongst three subgenera -.—Flatylomia to which G. flavida, 
Gueriu, belongs ; Gosmopsaltria to which G. spinosa, Fabr., belongs ; and 
Diceropygia to which G. obtecta, Fabr., belongs. Gosmopsaltria is closely 
allied to Dunduhia ; cheeks without a tubercle ; rostrum reaching the 
base or most often the apex of the posterior coxae ; opercula long, ex- 
tending beyond the middle of the venter. 

54. Gosmopsaltria obtecta. 
Tettigonia obtecta, Fabrioius, Syst. Rhyn. p. 35 (1803). 

Cicada oUecta, Germar, in Thon's Archiv, ii, fasc. 2, p. 5 (1830). 
DunduUa ohtecta. Walker, List Hom. B. M. i, p. 47 (1850). 
Cosmopsaltria obtecta, Stal, Hem. Fabr. 2, p. 4 (1869). 

Reported from N. India, N. Bengal, Nepal and Assam. Body long 
25 : exp. teg. H5 millims. 

Specimens in the Indian Museum are from Sikkim and Assam. 

55. Gosmopsaltria sita. 
Gosmopsaltria sita, Distant, Trans. Ent. Soc. p. 636 (1881). 
It is difficiilt to separate this and the two following species from the 
genus Dunduhia except by the length of the rostrum. They also resemble 
the 'vihrans' group of that genus. Body long 24: exp. teg. 73 millims. 
Reported from S. India or Bombay. {Distant). 

56. Gosmopsaltria durga. 

Gosmopsaltria durga. Distant, Trans. Ent. Soc. p. 637 (1881). 
This species in size and markings (excluding the spotted tegmina) 
much resembles -Dunduhia tripurasura, Distant ; the less produced 
frontal portion of the head and the length of the rostrum, however, place 
it ill this genus (Distant). Body long 33 : exp. teg. 98 millims. 
Reported from Assam. 

57. Gosmopsaltria abdulla. 

Gosmopsaltria abdidla, Distant, Trans. Ent. Soc. p. 639 (1881). 
This is a large and distinct species, near G. doryca, Boisd., from 



1884.] ■ E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. 227 

wliicli it differs by its large size, more spotted tegmina, and diffei'ent size 
and structure of the opercula. Body long 46 : exp. teg. 116 — 122 millims. 
Reported from Penang and Singapore. 

58. COSMOPSALTRIA OOPAGA. 
CosmopsaUria oopaga, Distant, Trans. Ent. Soc. p. 641 (1881). 
This species is also allied to G. dorijca, Boisd., but the body is much 
broader, the tegmina are unspotted, and the shape of the opercula more 
like those of C. ahdulla, Distant. Body long 39 : exp. teg. 96 millims. 
Reported from Burma. 

59. CoSMOPSALTRIA SPINOSA. 

Tettigonia spinosa, Fabricius, Mant. Ins. ii, p. 266 (1787) ; Ent. Syst. iv, p. 17 
(1794) ; Syst. Rhyn. p. 34 (1803). 

Cicada spinosa, Olivier, Enc. Meth. v, p. 748 (1790). 

Dimduhia spinosa, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 47 (1850). 

CosmopsaUria spinosa, Stal, Berl. Ent. Zeitsch. x, p. 171 (1866) ; Ofvers. Konw, 
Vet. Aka. Forh. p. 708 (1870). 

Varies much in size and coloration. Tegmina towards the apex of 
the veins sometimes immaculate and sometimes with fuscous spots. 
Reported from India. 

60. CoSMOPSALTRIA FLAVIDA. 

Cicada flavida, Gnerin, Voyage Belanger in Ind. Orient, p. 498, t. 3, f. 1, (1834) ; 
Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 118 (1850). 

Dunduhia saturata, Walker, List Horn. B. M. Snppt. p. 6 (1858). 
CosmopsaUria flainda, Stal, Berl. Ent. Zeitschr. x, p. 171 (1866). 

Body long 45 : exp. teg. 140 millims. Reported from Java and 
Sikkim. 

Genus Leptopsaltria, Stal. 
Hem. Afric. iv, p. 5 (1866). 

Allied to Dunduhia, Am. et Serv. ; cheeks with a tubercle near the 
apex ; rostrum extending a little beyond the posterior coxk ; opercula 
short : second and third segments of the abdomen in the $ with a 
lateral tubercle. 

61. Leptopsaltria guttularis. 

Cicada guttularis. Walker, List Horn. B. M. Suppt. p. 29 (1858), $ . 
Leptopsaltria guttularis, Stal, Hem. Ins. Philip, in Ofvers. Kong. Vet. Akak. Forh. 
p. 710 (1870), 3 . 

Very like L. tuherosa. Sign., but differs in the opercula beino- more 
obtuse, apex much less obliquely truncated, exterior apical part more 
obtuse, less produced, ventral tubercles of the S larger, black. Body 
long 13 : exp. teg. 46 millims. 

Reported from Burma. 



228 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. [No. 3, 

There are several unnamed species of tliis genus in the Indian 
Museum. 

Genus POMPONIA, Stal. 
Hem. Afric. iv, p. 6 (1866). 

Allied to Cosmopsaltria : opercula short, somewhat transverse : 
rostrum i^eaehing at least to the base but most often to the apex of the 
posterior coxjb. Stal (Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 710, 1870) separates 
the subgenera Pomponia and Oncofyvipana. 

62. Pomponia urania. 

Dundubia urania, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 64 (1850). 
Pomponia urania, Stal, Berl. Ent. Zeitschr. x, p. 171 (1866). 

Hind-scutcheon bright green ; abdomen green. Body long 34 : exp. 
teg. 83 millims. 

Reported from Hindustan. 

63. Pomponia bindusaea. 

Pomponia hindusara. Distant, Trans. Ent. Soc. p. 642 (1881). 

This species, above, resembles Bundubia vihrans, Walker, and Gos- 
mopsaltria sita, Distant. Many of these Indian species belonging to 
the genera Bunduhia, Cosmopsaltria, and Pomponia have a common facies 
in colour and markings which Distant thinks is probably due to mimetic 
resemblance, and which, in practice, renders their identification exceed- 
ingly difficult. Body long, 30 : exp. teg. 87 millims. 

Reported from Tenasserim. 

64. Pomponia linearis. 

Dundiihia linearis, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 48 (1850). Var., 1. c. iv, p. 1120 

(1852). 

Bundubia ramifera, Walker, var., 1. c. p. 53 (1850) : J. L. S. Zool. x, p. 84 (1867). 

Dundubia cinctimanus. Walker, List 1. c, p. 49 and Sujjpt. p. 6 (1858) : J. L. 
S. Zool. X, p. 84 (1867). 

Pomponia linearis, Stal, Berl. Ent. Zeitschr. x, p. 171 (1866). 

Body tawny. Body long 46 : exp. teg. 118 millims. 

Reported from Silhat. 

The Indian Museum possesses a specimen fi-om Assam. 

65. Pomponia kama. 

Pomponia hama. Distant, Ti-ans. Ent. Soc. p. 643 (1881). 

Allied to P. transversa, Walker, but much smaller, abdomen nar- 
rOAved and more linear, head broader in comparison with pronotum and 
colour different. Body long 18 : exp. teg. &Q millims. 

Reported from N. India, Darjiling. 



1884.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliynchota. 229 

66. POMPONIA MADHAVA. 
Pomponia madhava, Distant, Trans. Ent. Soc. p. 644 (1881). 
Allied to P. tigroides, Walker, from wliich it differs by its being 
pale greenish and unicolorous, tlie tegmina broader, with the costal mar- 
gin irregularly curved and not deflexed at the termination of the radial 
veins, and also in having both the second and third abdominal segments 
beneath I'ounded, produced and pointed anteriorly. Body long 22 : exp. 
teg. 55 millims. 

Reported from Assam. 

67. POMPONIA IMPERATORIA. 
Cicada imperatoria, Westwood, Arc. Ent. ii, p. 14, t. 51, (1843) : Walker, List 
Horn. B. M. i, p. 47: J. L. S. Zool. i, p. 83 (1856) : ibid, x, p. 84 (1867). 
Pomporiia imperatoria, Stal, Berl. Ent. Zeitschr. x, p. 171 (1866). 

A very large species, yellow luteoas, body long 88, exp. teg. 209 
millims. 

Reported from Nepal. 

68. POMPONIA TIGROIDES. 
Pomponia tigroides, Distant, J. A. S. B. xlviii (2), p. 88 (1879). 
The Indian Museum possesses a specimen from Tenasserim. 

Genus Emathia, Stal. 

Hem. Afric. iv, p. 8 (1866). 

Inner ulnar area of tegmina not widened towards the apex ; apical 
cells one and two extending equally far forward ; thorax widened at the 
base : tympana chiefly exposed ; opercula short : anterior femora spinose. 

69. Emathia ^grota. 

Emathia a^grota, Stal, Berl. Ent. Zeitschr. x, p. 172 (1866). 
Body long 20 : exp. teg. 50 millims. Reported from Bombay. 

Genus Cicada, Linn. 

Linnaeus, Syst. Nat. i, p. 704 (1766) : Stal, Eio. Jan. Hem. ii, p. 19 (1862) 
Ofvers K. V. A. Forli. p. 714 (1870). 

70. Cicada subtincta. 

Cicada suhtincta, Walker, List B. M. i, p. 147 (1850). 
Body long 32 : exp. teg. 105 millims. Reported from Silhat. 

71. Cicada an^a. 

Cicada anma, Walker, 1. c, p. 207 (1850). 
Body long 13 : exp. teg. 40 millims. Reported from N. Bengal. 



230 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 3, 

72. Cicada aurata. 

Cicada aurata, Walker, 1. c, p. 215 (1850). 
Body long 17 : exp. teg. 42 millims. Reported from Assam. 

73. Cicada subvitta. 

Cicada suhvitta, Walker, 1. c, p. 222 (1850). 
Body long 16 : exp. teg. 38 millims. Reported from N. India. 

74. Cicada fereuginea. 

Cicada ferruginea, Olivier, Enc. Metli. v, p. 750, t. 112, f. 1 (1790) ; Stoll, Cig. 
p. 65, t. 16, f. 86 (1788) ; Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. II7 (1850). 

Reported from India. 

75. Cicada xantes. 

Cicada xantes, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 198 (1850). 
Body, drums, and legs tawny : wings colourless, veins yellow. Body 
long 17 : exp. teg. 48 millims. 
Reported from N. India. 

76. Cicada maculicollis. 

Cicada maculicollin, Gnerin, Voyage La Coqnille, Zool., p. 183 (1830) ; Walker 
List Horn. B. M. Suppt., p. 28 (1858). 

Body long 24 : exp. teg. 65 millims. Reported from Bengal. 

Genus Crtptotympana, Stal. 
A. S. E. F. (4 Ser.), i, p. 613 (1862).— Hem. Afric. iv, p. 6 (1866). 

77. Crtptotympana recta. 

Fidicina recta, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 79 (1850) ? . 

Cry'ptotym'pana recta, Distant, J. A. S. B. xlviii (2), p. 40, t. ii, f. 4 (1879), $ . 

Body long 32 : exp. teg. 95 millims. Reported from Silhat and 
Tenasserim. 

The Indian Museum possesses a specimen from Tenasserim. 

78. Crtptotympana vicina. 

Cicada viciva, Signoret, Eev. Mag. Zool., p. 410, t. 10, f. 4 (1849). 
Fidicina vicina. Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 90 (1850). 
Cryptotympana vicina, Stal, A. S. E. F. (4 Ser.) i. p. 613 (1862). 

Reported from Silliat. 

Tlie Indian jVluseum possesses specimens from the Bhutan Duars. 



1884. J E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Liclian Rhyncliota. 231 

79. Cryptottmpana immaculata. 

Cicada immaculata, Olivier, Enc. Meth. v, p. 749, t. 112, f. 7 (1790) : Stoll, Cig. 
p. 40, t. viii, f. 39 (1788) : Signoret, Eev. Mag. Zool. p. 410 (1849). 

Fidicina immaculata, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 90 (1850) ; iv, p. 1121 (1852). 
Cryptotympana immaculata, Stal, A. S. E. F. 4 Ser. i. p. 613 (1862). 

Reported from N. Bengal. 

80. Cryptottmpana intermedia. 

Cicada intermedia, Signoret, Mag. Rev. Zool. p. 406, t. 10, f. 2 (1849). 
Fidicina intermedia, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 90 (1850). 
Cryptotympana intermedia, Stal, A. S. B. F. 4 Ser. i. p. 613 (1862). 

Abdomen reddish yellow with a blackish band on each segment ; 
allied to G. atrata, Fabr. 

Reported from Tenasserim. 

Genns Fidicina, Amyot & Serville. 

Amyot et Serville, Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 472 (1843) : Stal, Rio. Jan. Hem. ii, 
p. 18 (1862) ; Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (4 ser) i, p. 614 (1861) ; Hem. Afric. iv, p. 7 
(1866) ; Distant, Biol. Cen. Amer. p. 16 (1881). 

81. Fidicina operculata. 

Cicada operculata, Carreno. 

Fidicina operculata. Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 90 (1850). 
Reported fi'om N. India. 

The Indian Museum possesses a specimen. 
82. Fidicina corvus. 

Fidicina corvus, Walker, List Hom. B. M. i, p. 86 (1850). 

Reported from Silhat. Body long 29 : exp. teg. 113 millims. 

The Indian Museum possesses a specimen of the ^ from Silhat. 

Genus Tibicen, Latreille. 
Latreille, Fam. Nat. p. 426 (1825) : Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 25 (1866). 

83. Tibicen aurengzebe. 
Tihicen aurengzebe. Distant, Trans. Ent. Soc, p. 646 (1881), 
Body long 18 : exp. teg. 48 millims. Reported from Bombay 
Presidency. 

84. Tibicen apicalis. 

Cicada apicalis, Germar in Thon's Arcliiv, ii, fasc. 2, p. 8 (1830) ; in Silber= 
mann's Rev. Ent. ii, p. 63 (1834) ; Walker, List Hom. B. M. i, p. 161 (1850). 
Tibicen apicalis, Stal, A. S. E. F. 4 Ser., i, p. 618 (1862). 

Body long 18 : exp. teg. 48 millims., ?. Reported from N. India, 
The Indian Museum possesses a specimen from Calcutta, 
31 



232 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Lidian Rhyncliota. [No. 3, 

Genus MOGANNIA, Amyot & Serville. 
Amyot et Serville, Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem, p. 467 (1843) : Stal, Hem. Afric. iv. p. 5 
(1866). 

85. MOGANNIA ILLUSTRATA. 
Mogannia illwsfrata, Am. et Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 467, t. 9. f. 4 (1843) ; 
Walker, List Hom. B. M. i, p. 248 (1850). 

Body uniform ferruginous brown : basal lialf of tegmina and a small 
semicircular patch on the tips, transparent yellow, a brown transverse 
band across the middle. Body long, 12 millims. 

Reported from N. India. 

86. MOGANNIA RECTA. 
Mogannia recta, Walker, List Hom. B. M. Snppt. p. 39 (1858). 
Abdomen with a red band on the posterior border of each segment. 
Body long, 12 millims. 

Reported from Hindustan. 

87. Mogannia oeliqua. 

Mogannia ohliqua, Walker, List Hom. B. M. Snppt. p. 39 (1858). 
? . green mostly reddish beneath : abdomen reddish with a spot on 
each side near the base. Pronotum and mesonotum with some testaceous 
marks. Body long, 14 : exp. teg. 41 millims. 
Reported from Hindustan. 

88. Mogannia venustissima. 

Mogannia venustissitna, Stal, Of vers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Forh. p. 154 (1865). 
Cserulean or metallic black. Tegmina with the veins at the base 
pale sanguineous, before the middle black, thence sordid straw-colour : 
wings with the veins at the base sanguineous and thence piceous. Body 
long, 16 : exp. teg. 37 — 41 millims. 
Reported from E. India. 

89. Mogannia funebris. 

Mogannia funelms, Stal, Ofvers. Kong, Vet. Aka. Forh. ja. 155 (1865). 
Aeneous black. Tegmina, before the middle, black with the basal 
areola and a band towards the apex of the black part sordid lutescent. $ 
Body long, 19 : exp. teg. 46 millims. 
Reported from Silhat. 

90. Mogannia indicans. 

Mogannia indicans, Walker, List Hom. B. M. i p. 249 (1850). 
(J bright or dark red, 9 black. Tegmina with a broad basiil brown 
band, veins yellow. Body long 12 — 16: exp. teg. 35 — 40 millims. 



1884.] E. T. Atkinson— JN^o/es on Indian Rhyncliota. 233 

Reported from China. 

The Indian Museum possesses specimens from Sikkim. 

91. MOGANNIA LOCUSTA. 
Cephaloxys locusta, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 236 (1850). 
Body ferruginous beneath and abdomen pale tawny. Body long 50 : 
exp. teg. 85 millims. 

Reported from E. India. 

92. MOGANNIA LACTEIPENNIS. 
Cephaloxys lacteiperinis, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 237 (1850). 
Body luteous : abdomen black with the hind borders of the segments 
tawny : tegmina and flaps white, opaque, luteous at the base. Body long- 
SB : exp. teg. 97 millims (?). 
Reported from N. India. 

93. MoGANNIA QUADRIMACULA. 
Cephaloxys quadrimacula, Walker, List Horn. B. M. p. 288 (1850). 
Body bright tawny : hind margins of abdomen having the borders 
of the segments with slender interrupted reddish bands, a broad pale 
tawny band near the tip and beneath, piceous. Body long 30 : exp. teg. 
53 millims. 

Reported from N. India. 

94. M. TERPSICHORE. 
Cephaloxys terpsichore, Walker, List Horn. B. M. p. 239 (1850). 
Body apple-green : abdomen with two last segments pitchy above : 
tegmina colourless, tinged with brown towards the tips, costa green. 
Body long 25 : exp. teg. 74 millims. 
Reported from E. India. 



Correction and Addition. 

Page 213, -t lines from top of page, /or " nicobarica," reacZ " distlvcta," the 
former of these names being praeoccupied ; and, between the 10th 
and 11th lines from bottom of page, insert 

" 5* Platypleura nicobarica. 

Platijpleura nicobarica, Butler, Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. April, 1877. 
Reported from the Nicobars." 



234 F. Moore — List of Mollis from Cacliar. [No. 



X. — List of the Lepidoptero^is Insects collected in Gachar, hy Mr. J. 
Wood-Mason, Part I,— Heterocera.— % F. Moore, F. Z. S., 
A. L. S. Communicated by the Natural History Secretary. 

[Received August 26th ;— Read December 3rd, 1884.] 

Sphinges. 

1. Macroglossa belts, Cram., Pap. Exot. i. pi. 94, fig. C. 

2. Macroglossa luteata, Butler, P. Z. S. 1875, p. 241, pi. 37, 

fig. 5. 

3. Macroglossa gilia, H. ScliEeff., Samml. Exot. Sclimett. pi. 23, 

fig. 107. 

4. Macroglossa gyrans, Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. Brit. Mus. viii, 

p. 91. 

5. LoPHURA pusiLLA, Butler, P. Z. S. 1875, p. 244. 

6. H^MARis HYLAS, Linn. (Cram., Pap. Exot. pi. 148, fig. B.). 

7. Calymnia panopus, Cram., Pap. Exot. pi. 224, fig. A, B. 

BOMBYCES. 

8. Melittia eurytion, Westw., Cab. Orient. Ent. pi. 30, fig. 5. 

9. Edsemia COMMUNIS, Butler, Arm & Mag. Nat. Hist. 1875, p. 140, 
pi. 13, fig. 1. 

10. EusEMiA bellatrix, Westw., Cab. Orient. Ent. pi. 33, fig. 2. 

11. Nyctalemon zampa, Butler, Ent. Monthly Mag. v. p. 273. 

12. Syntomis atkinsoni, Moore, P. Z. S. 1871, p. 245, pi. 18, fig. 2. 

13. Euchromia polymena, Linn. (Cram., Pap. Exot. pi. 31, fig. D. 

14. MiLiONiA zoNEA, Moore, P. Z. S. 1872, p. 569. 

15. Nyctemera lacticinia. Cram., Pap. Exot. pi. 128, fig. E. 

16. Pitasila varians, Walker (Butler, Types Lep. Het. B. M. v. 
pi. 88, fig. 4). 

*17. Tryphj;romera plagifera, Walk. (Butler, 1. c, pi. 88, fig. 3). 

18. EuscHEMA militaeis, Linn. (Cram., Pap. Exot. pi. 29, fig. B). 

19. HiSTiA PAPILIONARIA, Guerin, Mag. de Zool. 1831, p. 12. 

20. Cyclosia papilionaris, Drury, Exot. Ins. pi. 11, fig. 4. 

21. Cyclosia panthona. Cram., Pap. Exot. pi. 322, fig. C. 

22. Chalcosia argentata, Moore, Desc. Lep. Coll. Atkinson, p. 17. 

23. PiDORUS glaucopis, Drury, Exot. Ins. pi. 6, fig. 4. 

24. Heterusia magnifica, Butler, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1879, p. 5. 

25. Heterusia edocla, Dbleday, Zoologist, ii, p. 469. 



1884.] F. Moore— List of Moths from Cachar. 235 

26. Devanica bicolor, Moore, n. sp. 

Female : forewing black, crossed by a yellow outwardly oblique 
medial band ; veins indistinctly lined with blue : hind wing yellow, with 
a black marginal band, which is broad and truncated at the apical end 
and very narrow at anal end ; base of wing also slightly black. Body, 
legs, and antennge bluish-black. Expanse If inch. 

This species is nearest allied to D. risa (Eterusia risa, Dbleday). 

27. PiNTiA FEEREA, Walk. (Butler, Types Lep. Het. B. M. pi. 83, 
fig. 7. 

28. Trtpanophoea humeralis. Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. vii, 
p. 1593. 

29. Hypsa alciphron, Cram., Pap. Exot. pi. 133, fig. E. 

*30. Htpsa plaginota, Butler, Tjq^es Lep. Het. B. M. pi. 87, fig. 7. 

31. Htpsa heliconia, Linn. (Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. ii, 
p. 452. 

32. Hypsa clavata, Butler, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1875, p. 317. 

33. Hypsa marmorea, Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. p. 1G74. 

34. Philona inops, Walk. (Butler, Types Lep. Het. B. M. pi. 87, 
fig. 6). 

35. BizoNE BiANCA, Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. vii, p. 1684. 

36. Barsine gratiosa, Guerin, Delessert's Voy. pi. 26, fig. 1. 

37. Bausine conjunctana, Walk, (tessellata, Butler, Types Lep. 
Het. B. M. pi. 86, f. 12). 

38. Alope ocellifera, Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. iii, p. 620. 

39. Aloa SANGumoLENTA, Fabr., Ent. Syst. iii, 1, p. 473. 

40. Creatonotus diminuta, Walk. (Butler, Types Lep. Het. B. M. 
pi. 85, fig. 5). 

41. Rhodogastria astrea, Di^ury, Ins. ii, pi. 28, fig. 4. 

42. Orgyia albifascia. Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. Suppl. p. 325. 

43. Artaxa subfasciata. Walk., 1. c. Suppl. p. 332. 

44. Redoa submarginata. Walk. (Butler, Types Lep. Het. B. M. 
pi. 89, fig. 3). 

45. Perina basalis, Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. iv, p. 966. 

46. NuMENES iNSiGNis, Moore, Catal, Lep. E. 1. C. ii, pi. 10, fio-. 6. 

47. Ltmantria obsoleta, Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. iv, p. 880. 

48. Trabala VISHNU, Lefebvre, Zool. Journ. iii, p. 207. 

49. Deeata testacea, Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. iv, p. 905. 

50. Cricula trifenestrata, Heifer, Journ. As. Soc. Beng. 1873, 
p. 45. 

51. Aphendala divaricata, Moore, n. sp. 

Female. Upperside pale purplish bi'ownish ochreous : forewino- 
•with a slender dark ochreous-brown band curving upward fi'om poste- 



236 F. Moore — List of Moths from Gachar. [No. 3, 

rior margin at one-tliii'd from the base to one-tliird before the apex, and 
from which a straight ei'ect similar band extends from its costal end to 
the posterior angle. Body dark ochreous-brown. Expanse 1| inch. 
Taken at Silcuri. 

52. Natada rugosa, Walk. Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. v. p. 1109. 

[53. Zeuzera, sp. The larvee, pupa?, and perfect insects observed 
by J. Wood- Mason. The 'borer' of tea-planters.]. 

NOCTDES. 

64. Prodenia ciligera, Guen., Noct. i, p. 164. 

55. Amtna selenampha, Guen., Noct. i, p. 406. 

56. Alamis umbrina, Gnen., Noct. iii, p. 4. 

57. Xanthodes transversa, Guen., Noct. ii, p. 211. 

58. Varnia ignita, Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. xxxiii, p. 825. 

59. Anophia olivescens, Guen., Noct. iii, p. 48. 

60. Athyrma, sp. ? 

61. Calesia h^morrhoda, Guen., Noct. iii, p. 258. 

62. Remigia frugalis, Fabr. (Walker, Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. xiv, 
p. 1507). 

63. Remigia archesia, Cram., Pap. Exot. pi. 273, fig. F. G. 

64. Callyna jaguaria. Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. xiii, p. 
1809. 

65. Sericea substeuens. Walk., 1. c. xiv, p. 1276. 

66. Lygniodes hypoleuca, Guen., Noct. iii, p. 125. 

67. Argiva hieroglyphica, Drury, Exot. Ins. ii, pi. 2, fig. 1. 

68. Nyctipao crepuscularis, Cram. (Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. B, M. 
xiv, p. 1304). 

69. Nyctipao obliterans. Walk., 1. c. xiv, p. 1307. 

70. HuLODES CARANEA, Cram., Pap. Exot. pi. 269, fig. E. F. 

71. Lagoptera honesta, Hubn. (Walk. Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. 
xiv, p. 1352). 

*72. Ophideres salaminia. Cram., Pap. Exot. pi. 174, fig. A. 

73. Ophideres fullonica, 

74. Spirama coh^rens, Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. xiv, p. 
1321. 

[75. Eumeta crameri. The larvos observed by J. Wood-Mason. 
The 'leaf-insect' of planters.] 

[76. Eumeta, sp. The larvte observed by J. Wood-Mason. The 
' stick-insect ' of planters.] 

Geometres. 

77. Lagyra talaoa, Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. xx, p. 59. 

78. Urapteryx crocopterata, Kollar, Hiigel's Kasch. ix, p. 483. 



1884.] F. Moove— List of Moths from Gachar. 237 

79. BuzuRA MULTiPUNCTARiA, Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. xxvi, 
p. 1531. 

80. Elphos scolopaica, Drmy, Exot. Ins. ii, pi. 22, fig. 1. 

81. Macaria noea, Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. xxiii, p. 934. 

82. Naxa textilis, Walk., 1. c. vii, p. 1743. 

83. MiCRONiA CASEATA, Guen., Phal. ii, p. 27. 

84. MiCRONIA ACULEATA, Gueii., 1. c. ii, pi. 13, fig. 8. 

85. Argyris ocellata, H. Sch. (Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. 
xxii, p. 807. 

86. Acidalia, sp. ? 

87. Abraxas martaria, Guen, Phal. ii, p. 205. 

Ptrales. 

88. AsTURA PUNCTiFERALis, Gtien., Delt. et Pyral. p. 320. 

89. EuGLYPHis PROCOPiALis, Cram., Pap. Exot. pi. 368, fig. E. 

Crambices. 

90. Apurima xanthogastrella, Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. 
xxvii, p. 194. 

Tineines. 

*91. NosYMNA repletella. Walk., Catal. Lep. Het. B. M. xxix, 
p. 831. 

92. Sagora rutilella, Walk., Characters of Und. Lep. Het. p. 101 
(1869). 

[The insects before whose names an asterisk (*) is prefixed were 
captiu'ed on Nemotha, a j)eak of the North Cachar Hills about 3300 feet 
high. All the rest were taken at Silcuri, Borakhai, Silduby, Dharmkhal, 
Durgakuna, Doarbun, Irangmara, Doloo, Subong, and other tea-gardens 
in the plains. The only species of any interest to tea-planters are the 
Zeuzera and the two case-bearers belonging to the genus Eumeta, descrip- 
tions of which will be published hereafter elsewhere. J. W-M.] 




238 J. Wood-Mason — Synopsis of the Species of Choeradoclis. [No. 3^ 



XI. — Revised Synopsis of the Species of Choeradodis, a remarlioble Genus 
of Maiitodea common to India and Trojncal America. — By J. Wood-- 
Mason, Officiating Superintendent of the Indian Musettm, and Pro- 
fessor of Comparative Anatoyny in the Medical College, Calcutta. 

(With 15 Woodcuts.) 
Since the former version of this Synopsis was published, some 
additional material has fallen into my hands, by the aid of which I have 
been enabled to establish the existence of two distinct Indian species, 
and to identify with certainty a larva which I had previously assigned 
with hesitation to Gh. rhomhicollis. 

Two Indian species have been described, one by Fabricius under 
the name of Mantis cancellata, and the other by De Saussure as Ch. 
squilla from a perfect male insect and a larva. The recent discovery of 
the true female of the latter proves that the insects I had previously 
considered to be females and abnormal males of it represent a different 
species, to which I have the less hesitation in applying the Fabrician 
name that Prof. Westwood has named a female from Saugor in the 
Oxford Museum Ch. cancellata. 

De Saussure has described and figured one of the remarkable larvae 
of the genus — that of his Ch. squilla — , and pointed out the close resem- 
blance it bears to that of an American species ; De Borre has recently 
figured a larva of Ch. rhomhicollis which is nearly intermediate in age 
between my figures 3 and 4 ; a larva of Ch. rhomboidea is preserved in 
the British Museum ; and I give figures of the larvfB of three additional 
species and also of an earlier stage of Ch. squilla ; so that, counting the 
larva of Ch. strumaria figured by Merian, larvas of no less than 7 out of 
the 9 species recognized by me are now known. 






^jg- 1- Pi^-. 2. Fig. 3. Fig. 4. 

Chccradodis cancellata.' '' Ch.hrunneri. Ch. servillei. Ch. squilla. 

2 nymph,* J nymph. ^ nympli. 9 uymph. 

The close, similarity of these larvas to one another furnishes a 
remarkable connrmation of the view that the adults are cono-eneric. 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. 5 

gnislied from the otlier two species by its mucli larger size and deep 
black colour. It is much the rarest of the three. T. stigmata is the 
only described species of the genns having a male sexual mark on the 
upperside of the forewing. 



II. — Notes on Indian Rhynchota, No. 2.— By E. T. Atkinson, B. A. 

[The notes are taken so far as possible from the original descriptions 
or from Stal, Signoret, Butler, or Distant, &c. where these Avriters have 
redescribed a species. The measurements of specimens not in the Indian 
Museum have been converted into millimetres from the recorded measure- 
ments of the several authors.] 

[Received Feb. 17tli ;— Read March 4th, 1885.] 
HOMOPTERA. 

Family Cercopid^. 

Cercopida, Stal, Hem. Afric. ir. p. 54 (18G6) : Hem. Fabr. ii. p. 11 (18G9). 
Fieber, Rev. Mag. Zool. (3 sc'r.) iii. p. 328 (1875) : Cercopina Stal, Ofvcrs. Kong. 
Vet. Aka. Forh. p. 718 (1870). 

Frons convex or compressly produced : ocelli two on the vertex near 
the base ; thorax, large, sexangular or trapezoidal : scutellum small or 
moderate, ti'iangular ; tegmina usually coriaceous : feet remote from 
the sides of the body with the coxas (especially the posterior pair) 
short : tibia3 rounded, posteiior furnished with one or two spines and 
with a circlet of spinules at the apex. 

Subfamily Ckkcopina, Stal. 

Cercopida, Stal, Hem. Afric. iv. p. 55 (1866) : Hem. Fabr. ii. p. 11 (1869) : Cer- 
copina, Stal, Ofvers, Koug. Vet. Aka. Forh. p. 718 (1870). 

Anterior margin of thorax straight, eyes equally long and broad. 



In 1874, Mr. Butler of the British Museum (Cist. Ent. i. p. 245) 
recorded the species of the genera Cosmoscarta and Pht/matostetha, 
formed by Stal from the genus Gercopis of Walker (nee Fabricius). He 
enumerated 104 species of the genus Cosmoscarta and 22 species of the 
genus Fhymatostetlia. Since then, the number of species of the genus 
Cosmoscarta has been increased by eight of which five, described by Mr. 
Distant, come from India and the Eastern Archipelago, and three, de- 
scribed by Mr. Butler, come from Penang and Sumatra. The number 



6 E. T. Atldnson — Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. [No. 1, 

of species of the genus Phymatostetha lias been increased by two, of 
v>'liicli one coiues from Ceylon and one from Assam ; botli have been 
described by Mr. Distant. The Indian Museum possesses about ten, 
apparently undescribed, species which may be referred to these genera, 
and which will form the subject of a separate paper hereafter. 



Genus COSMOSCARTA, Stal. 

Ectn. Fabr. ii. p. 11 (18G9) : Ofvers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Forh. p. 718 (1870). 

Fions very large, very tumid, obtuse, extended on the facial sido 
almost to the eyes, devoid of anj longitudinal furrow or keel. 

1. CoSMOSCARTA TRICOLOR, St. Targ. and Serv. 

Cercnpis tricnlor, St. Fargeau and Serville, Enc. Meth. x. p. 605 (1825) : Bnrm. 
Handb. Ent. ii. (i) p. 12-i (1835) : Walker, J. L. S. Zool. i. p. 95 (185G) ; Hid., p. 165 
(1857). 

Cosmoscarta tricolor, Butler, Cist. Ent. i. p. 2-45 (187-i) : Distant, J. A. S. B. 
xlviii (2) p. 38(1879). 

Black, shining : head, thorax, scutellum towards the tip, hind 
borders of the abdominal segments, the tip of the abdomen and the legs, 
red : femora black, the four anterior red towards the tips : six red spots 
on each tegmen at the base. A Tenasserim variety in the Indian 
Museum differs from the type in having the subbasal fascia represented 
by a transverse series of four sanguineous spots ; there is also a spot of 
the same coloiu" at the base. It is thus intermediate between G. tricolor 
and G. hasinotata, Butler (Cist. Ent. i. p. 245), which differs also in the 
coloration of the abdomen (Distant). Body long 22 : exp. teg. 61 
millims. 

Reported from Borneo, Java, Singapore, and Tenasserim ; a sijeci- 
men from the last locality is in the Indian Museum. 

2. CoSMOSCARTA BASINOTATA, Butter. 

Cosmoscarta hasinotata, Butler, Cist. Ent. p. 245, t. viii, f. 2, (187-4) : Distant, 
J. A. S. B. xlvii (2) p. 194 (1878). 

Form of C. tricolor : differs chiefly in having the tegmina crossed at 
the base by a patch of six red spots (that on the clavus being moi-e or 
less bifid) instead of the pale testaceous band, and in the narrower and 
interrupted red bands margining the segments on the dorsum of the 
abdomen (TJufler). Long. 21 : exp. teg. 47 millims. 

Reported from Sarawak, Tenasserim. 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Xotes on Indian Rliyncliota. 7 

3. COSMOSCARTA MOOREI, Distant. 
Cosmoscarta moorei, Distant, Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. p. 321 (1878.) 
Black, shining : tegmina with the base both above and below car- 
mine. This coloration consists of a narrow straight subcostal streak of 
about 3 millims. in length and a broader claval streak of about the same 
length, gradually rounded and narrowed at its termination : wings fus- 
cous ; costal edge, for about half the length, narrowly tinged with 
caimine : eyes luteous : posterior border of scutellum, metanotum, and 
abdominal segments, apex and lateral borders of abdomen, carmine : 
anterior legs dull reddish, femora furnished with a strong spine ; inter- 
mediate legs pitchy : mesosternum with two very large conical, thick 
teeth. Body long 13 : exp. teg. 35 millims. 
Reported from Sikkim. 

4. Cosmoscarta puscipennis, St. Fargeau. 

Cercopis fuscipennis, St. Farg. & Serv., Enc. Mcth. x. p. 605 (1825.) 

Cercopis plana, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 653 (1851) : J. L. S. Zool. i. p. 

95 (1856) : Hid. X. p. 276 (1867). 

Cosmoscarta fuscipennis, Stal, Hem. Fabr. 2 p. 11 (1869) : Butler, Cist. Ent. i. 

p. 246 (187-i). 

Black : head, chest, rostrum except its black tip, and the fore-border 
of the tegmina from one to two-thirds of its length, red : Avings dark 
grey. Thorax sometimes with two black points. Body long 12 : exp. 
teg. 27 millims. 

Reported from Java, Penang, Mount Ophir, Malabar {WcdJier). 

5. Cosmoscarta megamera, Butler. 

Cercopis nigripennis, Walker (nee Fabricins), List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 653 (1851). 
Cosmoscarta merjamera, Bntler, Cist. Ent. i. p. 246, t. viii. f. 3 (1874) : Distant, 
J. A. S. B. xlviii. (2), p. 38, (1879). 

Form and general coloration of C. fuscipennis (St. Fargeau), but at 
once distinguished by its much greater size, black legs, the narrower 
reddish costal edge and less pronounced basal reddish diffusion on 
tegmira. The colour of the thorax and head also varies from piceous to 
castaneous and bright testaceous (Uiotler). Body long 16 — 19 : exp. 
teg. 39 — 47 millims. 

Reported from Hong-Kong, Laos, Java, Penang, Tenasserim, Silhat : 
the Indian Museum possesses specimens from Sikkim, Sibsagar, Naga 
Hills, and Tenasserim. 

6. Cosmoscarta funeralis, Butler. 

Cosmoscarta funeralis, Bntler, Cist. Ent. i. p. 247, t. viii, f. 4 (1874). 
Form of C. fuscipennis, St. Far. & Serv., but thorax with a distinct 
central ridge : head and thorax dark castaneous ; scutellum piceous, 



8 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Eliyncliota. [No. 1, 

dorsum of abdomen reddish-orange ; tegmina piceous, almost black ; 
wings fuscous ; pectus black ; venter and legs red ; segments trans- 
versely banded and latei'ally spotted with black ; proximal extremities 
of femora blackish (Butler). Body long 20 : exp teg. 41 millims. 
Reported from India. 

7. CosMOSCARTA MASONl, Distant. 

Cosmo!>carta masoni, Distant, J. A. S. B. xlvii (2) ; p. 194 (1878) : xlviii. (2), 
p. 40, t. ii, f. 6, (1879). 

Pronotum stramineous with a quadrate black spot on the anterior 
margin : head (except basal portion), and eyes luteous : tegmina, pectus, 
legs, and abdomen shining black : presternum with lateral borders stra- 
mineous : wings dark fuscous with the veins black 9 . Body long (excl. 
teg.) 17 : exp. teg. 45 millims. 

Reported from Burma, Tenasserim : type from the latter locality in 
the Indian Museum, 

8. CosMOBCARTA VIRIDANS, Guerin. 

Cercopis viridans, Gne'rin, Yoj. Bel. Ind. Orient, p. 501 ; Atlas, t. 3, f . 7, 7a 
(1834) : Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 654, (1851) ; J. L. S. Zool. x. p. 279, (1867). 
Cercopis latissima, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 655, (1851). 
Cosmoscarta viridans, Bntler, Cist. Ent. i. p. 249, (1874). 

Black, shining : tegmina shining metallic blackish-green, convex 
along the fore-margin which is dilated towards the base ; wings fuscous, 
veins black, rostrum, feet, and anus coccineous. Body long 15 : exp. teg. 
46 millims. 

Reported fi^om Coromandel, Java, Sumatra, Mysol, New Guinea. 

9. Cosmoscarta egens. Walker. 

Cercopis egens. Walker, List Horn. B. M. Suppt. p. 171, (1858). 

Cosmoscarta egetis, Butler, Cist. Ent. i, p. 255, (1874). 

Thorax and head black, shining : scutellum, metanotum, abdomen 
at the base and along the posterior margin of each segment, and the legs 
red : tegmina very red at the base and with a roseate band before the 
reticulated apical third, this band is sometimes narrow or indistinct or 
even obsolete : wings brown, rosy red at the base and along the adjoining- 
part of the costa. Body long 11 : exp. teg. 3i millims. 

Reported from India, Penang : the Indian Museum possesses speci- 
mens from the Naga and Khasiya hills. 

10. Cosmoscarta ducens. Walker. 

Cercopis ducens, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 655, (1851) : Stal, A. S. E. F. 
(4 ser.) V. p. 188, (1865). 

Cosmuscartu ducens, Butler, Cist. Eut. i. p. 255, (1874). 



1885. J E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. 9 

Black, rostrum and legs piceous ; abdomen shining violaceous ; 
tegmina blackish-brown with two narrow, slightly undulating, sordid 
sanguineous bands ; one, near the base ; the other, at two-thirds of the 
length : wings dark brown, veins black. Body long, 16 : exp. teg. 40 
millims. 

Reported from Silhat : the Indian Museum possesses a specimen 
from the Naga hills. 

11. COSMOSCARTA LTDIA, Stal. 

Cercopis lydia, Stal, Of vers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Forli. p. 149, (1865). 
Cosmoscarta lydia, Butler, Cist, Ent. i. p. 257, (187-i). 

Brick red or eaffron-yellow : head, anterior part of thorax, scutellam 
(except the frena), tegmina, anterior lateral part of prostethiam, 
metastethium, anus and tarsi, black : base of the tegmina brick-red or 
saffron-yellow : wings sordidly hyaline, apex very slightly infuscate, base 
palely saffron. Body long 8 — 10 : exp. teg. 20 — 23 millims. 

Sometimes tegmina have no saffron bands and sometimes have two, 
one before and the other behind the middle. 

Reported froin E. India. 

. 12. Cosmoscarta trigona, Walker. 

Cercopis trigona, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 660, (1851). 
Cercopis amplicollis. Walker, 1. c. Suppt. p. 175, (ISoS). 
Cosmoscarta trigona, Butler, Cist. Eut. i. p. 257, (1874). 

Thorax metallic bluish-black, shining : borders of scutellum, poste- 
rior margin of segments of abdomen, the anus, coxao and femora, and the 
tarsi at the base, red : tegmina bluish-black, tips brown, with a bifurcated 
basal streak and two bands, red ; the basal streak with the median band 
contain between them an alruost ti'iangular patch, bluish black : the limb 
of the basal bifurcation on the hind border is much broader than that on 
the costal margin, neither quite reach the median band. Body long 10 — ^12 : 
exp. teg. 23 — 29 millims. 

Reported from N. India. 

The Indian Museum possesses specimens from the Khasiya and Naga 
hills, the Dhansiri valley, and Sibsagar. 

13. Cosmoscarta dbcisa, Walker. 

Cercopis decisa. Walker, List Horn. B. M. Suppt. p. 175, (1858). 
Cosmoscarta decisa, Butler, Cist. Ent. i. p. 258, (1874). 

A second species described under this name by Walker (in J. L. S. 

Zool. X. p. 278, No. 296, 1867) has been renamed C. zonata by Butler 

(in Cist. Ent. i. p. 253, 1874). Walker describes G, decisa thus: 

" Black : head above and pro thorax asneous-green, shining : pro thorax 

2 



10 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rlijncliota. [No. 1, 

Tvith a very indistinct keel : tegmina wliitisli testaceous at the base and 
with two whitish testaceous bands ; middle band almost equal in breadth 
and parallel to the basal one ; exterior band contracted hindward : 
wings greyish-vitreous." Body long 7| : esp. teg. 17 millims. 

Reported from Darjiling. The Indian Museum possesses a specimen 
from Sikkim. 

14. C0SM03CA.RTA UNDATA, Walker, 

Cercopis undata. Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 659, (1851) : Stal, Ofvers. 
Kong. Vet. Aka. Forli., p. 148, (1865). 

Gosmoscarta undata, Butler, Cist. Ent. i. p. 258, (187-i). 

Black : abdomen shining violaceous : thorax and the spots or bands 
on tegmina croceous or rufous-testaceous j an anterior transverse spot 
on the thorax and the posterior part, black : wings slightly infuscate, 
veins rufescent towards the base. 

Var. a. Postei'ior half of thorax black : tegmina with almost the 
fifth basal part, posteriorly sinuated, a waved band a little before the 
middle, somewhat interrupted towards the claval suture, also a band 
beyond the middle, produced posteriorly in its middle, sometimes divided 
into three spots, rufous-testaceous. Body long 13 : exp. teg. 30 millims. 

This variety is reported from the Himalaya and the Indian Museum 
possesses specimens from Sibsagar, Assam, and Arakau 

Var. b. about the fourth basal part of the thorax, black : tegmina 
with a waved band before the middle, twice subinterrupted, emitting at 
the costal and scutellary margins a stripe, sinuated within, also with 
three spots disposed in a curved row beyond the middle, the two exterior 
often confluent, rufous-testaceous. Body long 9 — 10 : exp. teg. 2-i millims. 

Reported from Peuaug. 

15. Gosmoscarta bispecularis, White. 

Cercopis bispecularis, White, A. & M. N. H. xiv. p. 426, (1844) : Walker, List 
Horn. B. M. iii. p. 656, (1851) : Stal, Stefctiu Ent. Zeit. xxii. p. 153, (1866). 
Cosmoscarta bispecularis, Butler, Cist. Ent. i. p. 259, (1874). 

Cinnabar, shining : thorax with two very large, nearly oval, black spots 
in front of which are two small, nearly round, black spots ; pectus black ; 
underside of abdomen with two black bands : tegmina with a short black 
stripe at the base, near which three united black spots form a curved 
band across the wing ; another band is formed in the middle by three 
separate black spots ; reticulated part at the tips brown ; wings grey, 
red at the base, brownish along the hind borders and at the tips. Body 
long 11 — 12 exp. teg. 26 — 29 millims. 

Reported from India, Almora, N. W. P., Penang : the Indian Museum 
possesses specimens from Assam. 



18S5.J E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhjnchota. 11 

16. CosMOSCARTA DORSiMACULA, Walker. 

Cercopis dorsimacula, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 658, (1851) : J. L. S. Zool. 
i. p. 95, (1856) : ibid. p. 165, (1857). 

Cercopis quadrimaculata, Walker, 1. c. p. 661, (1851). 
Cosmoscarta dorsimacula, Butler, Cist. Ent. i. p. 259, (1874). 

Walker's Cercopis dorsimacula in List Horn. 1. c. p. 663, No. 41, ia 
different and was renamed by him Cercopis tomentosa in J. L. S. Zool. 
X. p. 284, (1867) : it now stands as Phymatostetha stellata, Guerin (q. v). 

Bright red shining : head with a short transverse streak along each 
side of the hind border ; thorax with two very large black spots on each 
side of the disc and two smaller spots in front ; pectus and abdomen to- 
wards the base, black : a row of black spots on each side of the abdomen, of 
which the underside, except the hind borders of the segments, is black ; 
tegmina red with seven black spots, six large and more or less confluent 
form two curved bands ; reticulated part lurid : wings lurid, red at the 
base; veins brown, red towards the base (Walker). Body long 12 — 14 : 
exp. teg. 36 — 39 millims. 

Var. a. abdominal segments with black bands. 

Var. b. Body and tegmina testaceous with the usual spots. 

Reported from N. Bengal. 

17. Cosmoscarta fictilis, Butler. 
Cosmoscarta fictilis, Butler, Cist. Ent. i. p, 259, (1874). 

Allied to preceding but differs in its usually smaller size, narrower 
thorax, duller and more uniform colouring and much smaller and more 
regularly uniform black spots {Butler). Body long 12 : exp. teg. 32 
millims. 

Reported from Penang, India, Silhat. 

18. Cosmoscarta dorsalis, Walker. 

Cercopis dorsalis, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 658, (1851). 
Cercopis connexa. Walker, List 1. c. jj. 663, (1851). 
Cercopis ramosa. Walker, Ins. Saunds. Horn. p. 85, (1858). 
Cosmoscarta dorsalis, Butler, Cist. Ent. i. p. 260, (1874). 

Walker describes O. dorsalis, thus : — " Piceous shining ; shield very 
minutely punctured, impressed on each side in front ; tibice and feet 
ferruginous ; tegmina red, black on the reticulated part ; eight large , 
partly confluent, black spots on membranous part : wings brown, veins 
black." Body long 9 : exp. teg. 25 millims. 

Reported from N. India. 



12 E. T. Atkinson — Nofes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 1, 

19. CosMOSCARTA PALLIDA, Walker. 

Cercopis pallida, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 657, (1851). 
Cercopis ferruginea, Walker, List 1. c. p. 660, (1851). 
Cosmoscarta pallida, Butler, Cist. Ent. i. p. 265, (187-4). 

Walker describes G. i^alUda, tlms : — " Testaceoiis, head black, 
transversely striated, very convex iu front : rostrum testaceous : abdo- 
men brown, testaceous at the base, and at the tip : tips of the feet 
brown : tegmina lurid, brown towards the tips : wings grey, veins 
brown." Body long 11-13 : exp. teg. 29-33 millims. 

Reported from India. 

20. Cosmoscarta eleg.wtula, Butler. 

Cosmoscarta elegantula, Bntler, Cist. Ent. i. p. 265, (1874). 

Allied to preceding : head and thorax metallic greenish black : 
abdomen purplish black, castaneous at the tip : tegmina piceous, veins 
of basal half testaceous : base and a transverse band at end of second 
third reddish-orange : wings slightly fuscescent ; base rufescent (Butler). 
Body long 8 : exp. teg. 20 millims. 

Reported from India. 

21. Cosmoscarta pictilis, Stal. 

Cercopis pictilis, Stal, Ofvers. Kong. Yet. Aka. Forh. p. 249, (1854). 
Cosmoscarta pictilis, Butler, Cist. Eut. i. p. 266, (1874). 

Obsctirely green chalybeous ; scutellum on both sides at the base 
and at the apex weakly spotted with cinnabar : tegmina sordidly white, 
basal margin and two bands weakly cinnabar ; two spots, one smaller 
befoi'e the first band and the other between the bands and the apex 
nigro-fuscous : femora red ; tibiaa blackish. Long, 16 ; breadth of prono- 
tum 6 millims. Butler writes that it seems allied to P. signifcra. Walker 
from the description and in that case would be a Phymatostetha. 

Repoi'ted from E. India. 

22. Cosmoscarta borealis, Distant. 
Cosmoscarta horealis, Distant, Trans. Ent. Soo. p. 321, (1878). 

Head and pronotum luteous, antennge black : abdomen and tegmina 
roseate, ocelli black, eyes luteous thicklj covered with blackish markings : 
■wings pale fuscous : pectus, coxae, and femora luteous, fore and median 
tibite black, hind tibise luteous with the apex black : the tip of the 
rostrum, tarsi, and a strong spine near the apex of the hind tibite, black. 
Body long 6 : exp. teg. 17 millims. 

Reported from the Khasij^'a hills. 



1885.] . E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rlijnchota. 13 

23. COSMOSCARTA ANDAMANA, Distant. 

Cosinoscarfa andamana, Distant, Trans. Ent. Soc. p. 175, (1878) : Waterhouse, 
Aids Ident. Ins. i. t. 58 (1880-82). 

Sanguineous, finely and closely punctured : tegmina with a broad 
band across the middle and the apex broadly black : these bands are 
united at the inner margin, sometimes very broadly : wings sordidly 
hyaline with veins much darker, base slightly sanguineous : femora, 
tibiae and tarsi piceous, hind tibiaa with an acute spine {Distayit) . Body- 
long 9 : exp. teg. 24 millims. 

Reported from the Andaman Islands. 

Genus Phtmatostetha, Stal. 
Ofvers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Forh. p. 721, (1870). 

Frons tumid, seldom forming an angle below the middle, without a 
keel or longitudinal impression. Ocelli nearer each other than the eyes. 
Thorax with the posterior margin before the scutellum slightly sinuated 
posterior lateral margins straight or sinuated. Mesosternum furnished 
posteriorly with two conical tubercles. Feet moderate, posterior tibise 
armed with one or two spines. 

24. Phtmatostetha stali:, Butler. 

Tomaspis circumdiicta, Stal {nee Walker), Ofvers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Forh. p. 150, 
(1865). 

Phymatostetha circumdiicta, Stal I. c. p. 721, (1870). 
Phymatosfetha sfklii, Butler, Cist. Ent. i. p. 2G7, (1874). 

Blackish : frons, apices of the lobes of the vertex, apical and lateral 
margins of anterior part of the thorax, scutellum before the middle, two 
bands on the tegmina, equally removed from each other and from the 
base and the apex, the anterior small stripe on the corium, and the 
scutellary limbiis of the clavus beyond the middle, sordidly lutescent : 
apical limbus of corium pellucid fuscous : wings fuscous, su.bsanguineou8 
at the base : scutellum subequilateral ; mesostethium with two distinct 
obtuse tubercles. Body long 14 : exp. teg. 34 millims. 

Reported from E. India. 

25. Phtmatostetha circumducta, "Walker. 

Cercopis circumducta, "Walker, List Horn. B. M. Snppt. p. 175, (1858). 
Cercopis costalis, Walker, List, 1. c. iii. p. 6Q4^, (1851)- 
Phymatostetha circumducta, Butler, Cist. Ent. i. p. 268, (1874). 

The name G. costalis (1. c. iii. p. 664), had already been given to a 
local form of C. theora, White, by Walker (I. c. iii. 651) and was subse- 
quently changed by him to C. circumducta for this species. 



14 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. . [No. 1, 

Black : head sliining : frons with a semicircular luteotis band which 
is prolonged in a conical form to the face which on each side is yellow : 
rostrum yellow, tip pitchy : prothorax with a luteous band along the 
fore border extending on each side to the base of the tegmina, scutellum 
lurid on each side ; pectus with large yellow marks on each side : abdo- 
m.en purplish black with yellow bands at the tip, ventral surface yellow 
with three rows of transverse black spots, the side rows on the edge : lega 
tawny, femora and fore tibias brown, femora yellow beneath : tegmina 
dark brown with two narrow pale red bands, one at one-third, the other 
at tAvo-thirds of the length, a yellow stripe extending along the fore- 
border from the base to the first band where it acquires a tawny hiie, a 
pale red stripe extending along the hind-border from the base nearly to 
the first band : wings pale brown, almost colourless in part of the disc, 
luteous at the base, veins black ( Walker) . Body long 12 : wings long 

15 milliras. A variety has two subapical spots on the tegmina red. 

Rejiorted from Malabar, Singapore. 

26. Phtmatostetha hilaeis, Walker. 

Cercopis hilaris, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 665, (1851). 
Phyniatostetha costalis, Stal, Ofvers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Forli. p. 721, (1870). 
Phymatostetha hilaris, Butler, Cist. Ent. i. p. 268, (1874). 

Black : head shining ; frons with a semicircular luteous band which 
is prolono-ed in a very broad conical form and occupies the disc of the 
face : the latter is pitchy, sides and epistoma yellow, rostrum yellow 
with a black tip : prothorax with a luteous band along the fore-border, 
extending on each side to the base of the tegmen : pectus yellow, disc 
black : with 2 — 3 black spots on each side : abdomen purple, under-side 
vellow with three rows of transverse black spots, the side rows on the edge 
which is very broad : tegmina dark brown with two narrow yellow bands : 
the first at one-third of the length, interrupted on the disc and marked 
by some dots thence to the hind border ; the second, at two-thirds of the 
length, slightly Avaved : a yellow spot on the disc between it and the 
tip ; a yellow stripe extending along the fore border from the base to 
the first band : wings greyish, tinged with brown at the tips and along 
the hind borders, luteous at the base. Body long 10 : exp. teg. 25 mil- 
lims (Walker). Stal, 1. c. makes this a synonym of G. costalis, Walker. 

Reported from Malabar. 

27. Phymatostetha stellata, Guerin. 

Cercopis stellata, Gm'rin, Icon. Regno Anim. Texte. p. 368, (1829-44i) : St^l, 
Ofvers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Forh. p. 150, (1865). 

Cercopis dorsinMcula, Walker, List, lloni. B. M. iii. p. 6G3, (1851) : J.- L. S. Zool. 
i. p. 95, (1856). 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. 



15 



Cercopis tomentosa, Walker, J. L. S, Zool. x. p. 28-i, (186V). 

Phymatostetha sfellata, Stal, Ofvers. Kong. Yet. Aka. Forli. p. 721, (1870) : But- 
ler, Cist. Ent. i. p. 269, (1874). 

Black, dull : head witli a band in front of the eyes, two spots on the 
disc of the thorax, the lateral margins of the thorax, a spot on each side 
of the scntellum at the base, eight spots on each tegmen of which one is 
at the base, three are costal or subcostal, three near the hind-broader and 
one near the tip, luteous : narrow apical limbus, lurid : wings brown, 
rufescent at the base, veins black. Body long 17 : exp. teg. 37 millims. 

Reported from Malabar, Malacca, Sumatra : the Indian Museum 
possesses a specimen from Johore. 

28. Phymatostetha doesivitta, Walker. 

Cercopis dorsivitta, Walker, List Ilom. B. M. iii. p. 662, (1851). 
Var. Cercopis Jiumeralis, Walker, List 1. c. p. 662, (1851). 
P/njmatostetha dorsivitta, Butler, Cist. Ent. i. p. 269, (1874). 

Black slightly shining : head red, black on each side in front and 
along the hind border : thorax with three red sti'ipes, the side pair ob- 
lique and extending on each side from the fore border to the base of the 
tegmina; abdomen pui'ple above, red at the tip and on each side : tegmi- 
na bluish brown with seven red spots, three costal or subcostal, three on 
hind border, and one on the disc near the tip which is lurid and occupies 
the apical fourth of the tegmen : winga pale brown, red at the base. 
Body long 18 : exp. teg. 42 millims. 

Reported from N". India, Almora N. W. P., Silhat. 

29. Phymatostetha pudica, Walker. 

Cercopis pudica, Walker, Ins. Saunders. Horn. p. 84, (1858). 
Phymatostetha pudica, Butler, Cist. Ent. i. p. 269, (1874). 

Allied to P. signifera. 

Reported from Silhat. 

30. Phymatostetha signifera, Walker. 

Cercopis signifera, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 655, (1851). 
Tomaspis signifera, Stal, Ofvers. Kong. Yet. Aka. Forh. p. 151, (1865). 
Phymatostetha signifera, Stal, 1. c. p. 721, (1870) : Butler, Cist. Ent. i. p. 270, 
(1874). 

Blackish : frons before the middle, lobes of the vertex, a median 
strijDc on the thorax and anterior lateral margins, scutellum, almost third 
basal part of the tegmina, pectus, venter, and feet stramineous : the 
stramineous portion of the tegmina with three irregular brown spots ; 
beyond these, two arched patches and a transverse patch and the apical 



16 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rlijnchota. [No. 1, 

limbus rnfcscent-testaceoiTS, the transverse j^atcli sometimes confluent 
with one of the arched j^atuhes situate near the posterior margin : wings 
fuscescent, base itself sordidly stramineous : narrow bands on venter, 
base and apex of tibiae, black : abdomen above black- violaceous with 
small marginal spots and apex sordidly stramineous : femora with an 
obsolete fusco-testaceous stripe. Body long 19 : exp. teg. 46 millims. 

Reported from B. India : the Indian Museum possesses specimens 
from the Khasi3'a hills. 

31. Phtmatostetha dubitabilis, Walker. 

Cercopis duUtabilis, Walker, List Horn. B. M. Suppt. p. 173, (1858). 
Phymatostetha duhitahilis, Butler, Cist. Ent. i. p. 270, (187-4). 

Reddish testaceous, black beneath : head pale testaceous, vertex 
black ^posteriorly : prothorax black with a stripe on the disc aiid the 
posterior and antero-lateral ixiargins, testaceous : scutellum black with a 
testaceous mark on the disc : abdomen above testaceous, posterior 
margins of the segments, red ; tegmina red, testaceous towards the tips, 
with a black stripe which extends obliquely from the base to the middle 
of the interior border, is notched on the hind border, behind which there 
is a black streak, is connected in front with an oblique black streak, and 
is nearly connected with a more exterior oblique black streak which is 
dilated and angulated exteriorly and has there a black streak in front 
and is connected with a black spot hindward, wings grey with brown 
borders. Legs reddish, anterior femora and tibiee striped with black 
(Walker). Body long 14< : exp. teg. 33 millims. 

Reported from Hindustan. 

32. Phtmatostetha pudens, Walker. 

Cercopis pudens, Walker, List Horn. B. M. Snppt. p. 174, (1858). 

Tomaspis pudens, Stal, Ofvers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Forh. p. 151, (1865). 

Phymatostetha pudetis, Stal, 1. c. p. 721, (1870) : Butler, Cist. Eut. i. p. 270, 
(1874). 

Weakly sanguineous, black beneath ; apical part of frons, band on 
vertex from eye to eye, clypeus, rostrum, two small spots on anterior 
margin of thorax, scutellum, base itself of tegmina, and five spots forming 
two rows, on the middle of each tegmen, disc above of the abdomen, 
pectus, venter, and feet, black : lateral limbi of prostethium and very 
narrow margins of venter, red : wings before the middle pale sanguineous, 
beyond the middle slightly infuscate : lateral margins of the anterior part 
of thorax slightly reflexed. Body long 20 : exp. teg. 45 millims ? . 

Reported from Hindustan, Silhat : the Indian Museum possesses a 
specimen from Sikkim. 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — ISfotes on Indian Rhyucliota. 17 

33. Phymatostetha basiclava, "Walker. 

Cercopis hasidava, Walker, List Horn. B. M. Snppt. p. 172, (1858). 
Tomaspis larinia, Stal, Of vers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Forh. p. 152, (1865). 
Phymatostetha hasidava, Stal, 1. c. p. 721, (1870) : Butler, Cist. Eut. i. p. 270, 
(1874). 

Red or flavescent-testaceous : rostrum, two spots on vertex, two spots 
near anterior margin of thorax, apex of scutellum, a narrow, sometimes 
obsolete, stripe on tegmiua fi'om the base to one-third of length through 
the middle, abdomen above (except marginal spots and tip), pectus, and 
bands on the venter and feet, black : latei-al limbi of proatethium, apices 
of coxse and femora, yellow-testaceous : wings fuscescent, red at the base. 
Closely allied to preceding. Body long, 22 : exp. teg. 52 millims. ? . 

Reported from India : the Indian Museum possesses a specimen. 

34. Phymatostetha binotata, Distant. 

Phymatostetha binotata, Distant, Trans. Ent. Soc. p. 323, (1878). 

Piceous : head, face, lateral margins of pro thorax, borders of tegmina 
and two rounded spots on the same (one placed a little above the claval 
suture, about one-third from the base, and the other midway, about one- 
third from the apex), pale sanguineous : scutellum black, narrowly 
bordered with red : abdomen, above, shining purplish black : eyes, legs, 
and body below black : wings fuscescent, nari'owly sanguineous at the 
base (D isfanf) . Long body 14 : exp. teg. 35 millims. 

Reported from Sadiya (Assam). 

Genus Callitkttix, St§l. 
Ofvers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Porli. p. 152, (1865) : Hem. Afric. iv. p. 55, (1866). 
Body elongate : frons variable in form : lateral margins of tlie 
anterior portion of the thorax straight, longer than those of the posterior 
portion : scutelkim somewhat longer than broad : tegmina oblong or 
elongate, gradually somewhat amplified towards the apex : feet long, pos- 
ter-ior tibia3 unispinose. 

35. Callitettix melanochra, Stal. 

CalUtettix melanochra, Stal, Ofvers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Forh. p. 152, (1865). 
Lutescent, finely punctured : apical third of tegmina, apices of 
femora, anterior tibise (except the base), apical half of posterior tibife 
and tarsi, black : wings sordidly vinaceous : frons seen from the side pro- 
duced downwards in a right angle furnished with a ridge continued from 
the base to the middle : wings sordidly vinaceous. Body long 8 : ex-it. 
teg. 24 millims. 5 . 

Reported from E. India. 
3 



18 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 1, 

36. Callitettix producta, Stal. 
CallitetHx producta, Stal, Ofvers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Forh. p. 153, (1865). 
Black, very finely punctured ; apex of scutellum, the tegmina, 
abdomen, and feet, reddish testaceous : frons tumid, forming a nearly 
straight angle, rounded at apex, without a keel : thorax hardly broader 
than long, lateral margins of fore part a little shorter than the anterior 
margin : tegmina narrow, slightly amplified towards the apex. Body 
long 7 : exp. teg. 16 millims. 2 . 
Reported from E. India. 

37. Callitettix versicolor, Fabr. 

Cicada versicolor, Fabricius, Ent. Syst. iv. p. 50, (1794) : Syst. Rhyn. p. 69, 
(1803). 

Callitettix versicolor, Stal, Hem. Fabr. ii. p. 11, (1869). 

Black shining, fiiscous-pubescent ; tegmina with a spot before the 
middle of the clavus and a subtransverse spot on the corium placed be- 
tween the middle of the corium and the base, white ; two spots behind 
the middle of the corium, the external large, transverse ; the internal 
small, obsolete, placed at the apex of the clavus, sanguineous : wings un- 
coloured, apical margin slightly infuscate. Body long with the tegmina 
11^ — 12| : breadth of pronotum 3 — 3| millims. $. 

Reported from Tranquebar. 

Subfamily Aphrophorina, Stal. 

Aphropliorida, Stal, Hem. Afric. iv. p. 55, 66 (1866) : Aphrophorina, Stal, 
Ofvers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Fork. p. 722, (1870) : Scott. E. M. M. vii. p. 2-41, (1871). 

Anterior margin of thorax round or angular, eyes usually transverse ; 
scutellum flat, triangular. 

Genus Pttelus, St. Fargeau & Serville. 

Body very large : head somewhat narrower than the thorax or of 
the same breadth, short, anteriorly obtusely and roundly subangulated, 
entire anterior margin obtuse ; frons slightly convex, transversely obso- 
letely sulcated, clypeus not extending beyond the apex of the anterior 
coxse : ocelli almost equally distant from each other and from the eyes or 
a little more distant : thorax finely rugose, quadrangular, anterior mar- 
gin broadly rounded : scutellum longer than broad : tegmina subcultri- 
form, nan-owed towards the apex, very densely punctured : apical area 
of wing behind the second anastomosis posteriorly acuminate, not reach- 
ino- the intramarginal vein : postei'ior tibice bispinose. 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. 19 

I have not transcribed the descriptions of the following species 
attributed to Ptyelus by Mr. Walker as it is very doubtful whether they 
would be considered as belonging to it now and no representatives appa- 
rently exist in the collection of the Indian Museum. 

38. Ptyelus conifer, Walker. 
Ptyelus conifer, Walker, List. Horn. B. M. iii. p. 711, (1851). 
Body long 6 : exp. teg. 17 millims. Reported from N. India. 

39. Ptyelus quadridens, Walker, 

Ptyelus quadridens, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 711, (1851). 
Body long 8 : exp. teg. 17 millims. Reported from N. India, N. 
Bengal. 

40. Ptyelus sexvittatus, Walker. 
Ptyelus sexvittatus, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 715, (1851). 
Body long 5| : exp. teg. 12| millims. Reported from N. India. 

41. Ptyelus punctum. Walker. 
Ptyelus punctum. Walker, List. Horn. B. M. iii. p. 718, (1851). 
Body long h\ : exp. teg. 12 raillims. Reported from N. Bengal. 

42. Ptyelus subfasciatus, Walker. 

Ptyelus subfasciatus, Walker, List. Horn. B. M. iii. p. 724, (1851). 
Body long 4 : exp. teg. 8 millims. Reported from N. India. 

Genus Aphrophora, Germar. 

Mag. Ent. iv. p. 50, (1821) : Amyot and Serville, Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 563, 
(1843) : Scott, E. M. M. vii. p. 271, (1870) -. Fieber, Rev. Mag. Zool. (3 Ser.) iii. p. 
382, (1875). 

Head almost as broad as the prothorax : vertex almost horizontal 
and somewhat flattened ; anterior margin sometimes rounded, generally 
very obtusely angulated : clypeus of variable length, reaching to or 
beyond the first pair of coxse : rostrum long, 2 — 3 jointed ; ocelli two or 
sometimes absent ; when present placed near the posterior margin of the 
vertex and naore or less remote from the eyes. Pronotum hexagonal or 
trapezoidal with a longitudinal keel continued through the vertex ; ante- 
rior margin rounded or obtusely angulated, posterior margin frequently 
deeply angulate-emarginate, scutellum triangular, shorter than the 
thorax. Tegmina slightly coriaceous, ovally elongate, acuminate : wings 
with the inferior nerve furcate from the base or before the middle. 
Posterior tibias armed with 1 — 2 spines and a circlet of spinules at the 
tip. 



20 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyuchota. [No. 1, 

43. Aphrophora sigillifera, Walker. 

Aphrophora sigillifera, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 700, (1851), 

Testaceous sliiuiug : head and thorax flat, with a slight yellow keel 
rudely punctured, thinly covered with taAvny down : head above short 
mostly pitchy, slightly concave on the posterior margin, rather more 
convex in front ; its length less than one-fourth of its breadth ; face 
ferruginous, partly pitchy, slightly convex, with a very narrow yellow 
stripe which is most distinct towards the epistoma and is there traversed 
by two slightly curved yellow bands, one large, the other shorter and 
narrower ; on each side, are about ten oblique, slightly curved transverse 
ridges : rostrum ferruginous with a pitchy tip : pectus with a short, 
broad, black band between the fore and middle legs : abdomen luteous, 
reddish on each side and beneath : legs ferruginous, spotted with yellow, 
hind femora yellow : tegmina lurid, thickly punctured, narrow and 
conical towards the tips which are almost acuminate, brownish along part 
of the fore-border, on each side of a large subquadrate whitish spot 
which is in the middle : wings almost colourless, veins black, tawny at 
the base (Walker). Body long 7: wings long 15 millims. 

Reported from N. India. 

Geniis Clovia, Stal. 

Hem. Afric. iv. p. 68, 75 (1866) : Ofvers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Forh. p. 723, (1870). 

Head as broad as the thorax, rounded or roundly subangulated, 
varying in length, above flat, anterior margin of the lobes of the vertex 
acute, not furrowed ; frons somewhat convex, clypeus moderately pro- 
duced at the ajoex, not extending beyond the apex of the anterior coxse ; 
position of ocelli variable : thorax sexangular with the anterior lateral 
margins usually very short, parallel or very slightly diverging backwards, 
scutellum longer than broad : tegmina with the commissural margin 
beyond the apex of the clavus subangulated or a little rounded : posterior 
tibise bispinose (Stal). 

44. Clovia guttifer. Walker. 

Ptyelus guttifer, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 712, (1851). 
Clovia guttifer, Stal, Hem. Afric. iv. p. 75, (1866). 

Lurid : head and thorax flat, finely punctured, thickly tawny pubes- 
cent ; head with a short yellow band and two black dots on fore-border ; 
face yellow, with a flat, middle strij^e, on each side of which are nine 
oblique very shallow ridges, spaces between them tawny ; rostrum tawny 
with a black tip ; abdomen luteous, pectus and legs yellow : tips of the 
spines and feet pitchy : tegmina ferruginous, thickly covered with tawny 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncbota. 21 

down, with two oblique whitish stripes on the fore-border near the ti p 
where there is a black dot ; first stripe broad, second very small, a 
black dot on the hind-border near the tip and a few whitish streaks 
along the veins : wings colourless, veins black, tawny towards the base. 
Body long 6| : exp. teg. 15 niillims. 
Reported from N. Bengal. 

45. Clovia NEBULOSi, Fabricius. 

Cercopis nelulosa, Fabr., Syst. Ent. iv. p. 50, no. 14, (1794) : Syst. Rhjn. p. 94, 
(1803). 

Clovia nehulosa, Stal, Hem. Fabr. ii. p. 16, (1869). 

Very pale yellowish-grey ': two small median black spots on the 
head : tegmina obscurely fuscous, a very oblique anterior band, a some- 
what large median spot varied with fuscous at the commissure, an 
obliquely transverse spot behind the middle of the costal margin and a 
minute costal spot towards the apex, yellowish grey : two narrow median, 
stripes abbreviated before the middle and a lateral subtriangvilar spot on 
the thorax also lateral linibus of scutellum, fuscesceut. Long with teg- 
mina, 10 ; breadth of pronotum 3 millinis. 

Reported from E. India. 

Genu.s Caetstus, Stal. 

Berlin Ent. Zeitschr., vi. p. 303 (1862) : Hem. Afric. iv. p. 69, 81 (1866). 

Head as broad or almost as broad as the thorax, obtusely angulated ; 
lobes of the vertex transversely impressed at the apex or furnished with a 
transverse ridge near the apex ; frons slightly convex : rostrum short : 
thorax quadrangular or sexangular, in the latter case anterior lateral 
margins short : scutellum long, much longer than broad : tegmina 
membranous, pellucid, margined at the apex, obliquely roundly subtrun- 
cate at the apex : posterior tibiee bispinose, upper spine sometimes very 
minute. 

46. Cartstus viridicans, Stal. 

Ptyelus viridicans, Stal, Ofvers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Forb. p. 251 (1854) : Pre"-. 
Eng- i-esa, Hem. p. 286 (1859). 

Carystus viridicans, Spangberg, Of vers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Forb. No. 9, p. 13 
(1877). 

Weakly olive-green, below with the feet still weaker : vertex and 
thorax anteriorly weakly rufous-testaceous : tegmina olive-yelloAV, hya- 
line : spines of the posterior feet black at the apex. 

Body long 5 : breadth of pronotum 2 niillims. Reported from Java, 
Malacca, Singapore, Tenasserim (P) 



22 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. [No. 1, 

Subfamily Mach^rotina, Stal. 

Machmrofida, Stal, Hem. Afric. iv. p, 55 (1866) : Machcerotina, Stal, Ofvers. 
Kong. Vet. Aka. Forh. p. 727 (1870). 

Anterior margin of thorax round or angular, eyes tisually transverse : 
scutellum much elevated, compressed posteriorly, furnished with a long 
ajDical spine. 

Genus Mach^rota, Burmeister. 

Handb. Ent. ii. (i) p. 128 (1835). 

Head small, frons tumid, confluent with the vertex, furrowed in the 
middle, elevated at the posterior margin, bearing the two ocelli which are 
approximate : basal joints of antennae large, terminal set» long, fine, 
curved : pronotum septangular, arcuate : scutellum larger, produced 
backwards with a median longitudinal groove which is continued into 
a long, pointed, acute upwardly, curved downwardly, sabre-like process : 
tegmina hyaline, with seven cells at the apex and a large middle cell 
surrounded by a forked vein : legs simple, hinder tibise and two first 
joints of the tarsi with a circlet of spinules. 

47. Mach^rota ensifera, Burmeister. 

Machcsrota ensifera, Burm. Handb. ii. i. p. 128 (1835) : Walker, List Horn. B. M. 
iii, p. 729 (1851) : Stal, Ofvers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Forh. p. 727 (1870) : Signoret, A. 
S. E. F. (5 Ser.), ix, p. slviii. (1879). 

Light yellow with the second and third segments above, the median 
part of the frons, a space on each side of the metanotum and the origin 
of the process, black : tegmina and wings hyaline, the base of the 
tegmina and the claval portion of the wings, fuscous : tegmina with 
five apical cells of which three lie towards the margin ; above these, 
which gradually diminish in size, is a row of hyaline dots, on the margin 
itself : there are five brownish streaks on the prothorax of which the two 
median lateral ones are continued on the metanotum. Long 4 millims. c?. 

Reported from Philippines, Silhat. 

48. Mach^rota spangberCtI, Signoret. 
MachcBrota spanghergi, Signoret, A. S. E. F. (5 Scr.), ix, p. xlviii. (1879). 

Yellowish brown ; the median part of the frons, the tip of the ab- 
domen above and the genital organs, black ; feet brownish, posterior 
tibire yellow with the tips black. Differs from M. ensifera in having the 
frontal grooves black and the tegmina longer and less rounded at the 
tip. Long 4 millims. $ . 

Reported from Silhat. 



1885.] S. A. Hill — Observations of the Solar Thermometer. 23 

49. Mach^rota punctulata, Signoret. 

Machcerota pimctulata, Signoret, A. S. E. F. (5 Ser.), ix. p. slix. (1879). 

Brownish yellow, with the middle of the frons, the abdomen above 
(except the base), the feet (except the posterior tibite), and the frontal 
grooves, black ; several transverse black spots on the thorax which is very 
finely punctured : metanotum brownish with two yellow, lateral, basal 
spots, the tip and the process blackish : tegmina elongate, five-celled and 
above the marginal two to three others smaller, very distinct : the hyaline 
nervures are spotted with several brown dots. Long 4 millims. ^. 

Reported from Silhat. 

Note. Cosmopsaltria abdulla, Distant, noticed as No. 57 at page 226 of the 
Journal for 1884 is the same as Cosmopsaltria spinosa, Fabricins, No. 59. The 
Indian Museum possesses a specimen of Cosmoscarta siainensis, Butler, but the 
locality being uncertain, it has not been entered here. 



III. — On Ohservat'ions of the Solar Thermometer at Luchnow. — By 
S. A. Hill, B. Sc, A. B. S. M., Meteorological Beporter North- 
Western Provinces and Oudh. 

[Received 23rd March 1885 ;— Read 6th May 1885.] 

In the volume of this Journal for 1883,* I have discussed some 
observations of solar radiation made at Allahabad with the ordinary 
black-bulb raaximum thermometer in vacuo. The conclusions drawn 
from these were that the absorbing power of the atmosphere is depen- 
dent upon the tension of aqueous vapour and the quantity of dust 
suspended in the air, pure dry air being very diathermanous ; and that, 
when allowance is made for the variations of aqueous vapour, the mean 
results for the heating power of the sun during the years 1876 — 1882 
exhibit a very uniform and gradual variation, culminating in 1878 and 
gradually decreasing afterwards, therefore presumably having an inverse 
relation to the number of spots on the sun's surface. The resultino- 
variation is so regular in its character that, irrespective of its pointino- to 
a conclusion regarding the sun's heat which is the reverse of that gene- 

* Vol. li. Part ii. 



24 S. A. Hill — Observations of the Solar Thermometer. [No. 1, 

rally lield by solar physicists, I have always looked upon it as doubtful, 
and probably due in part to some fortuitous combination of errors. I 
therefore intend on some future occasion, possibly after the end of the 
present year, when the position of the thermometer at Allahabad will be 
changed, to go over the figures again, taking a longer series of obser- 
vations and making allowance for a cause of variation from month to 
month, namely, the elliptic form of the earth's orbit, which was neglected 
in the paper referred to. Meanwhile, I wish to lay before the Society the 
results of some other observations bearing on the same question, which 
tend to confirm the conclusions arrived at in my previous paj)er. To the 
method by which these results are attained, less exception can be taken, 
because they are in every case derived from several observations made 
on the same day under different degrees of obliquity of incidence, in- 
stead of upon the single record of a self-registering instrument. 

Shortly after hourly observations on four days in each month were 
commenced at LucknoAv, it was discovered that the solar thermometer 
in use at that station had ceased to be self-registering. A new instru- 
ment was therefore brought into use on ordinary days, but the old one 
was retained for the hourly observations. The records of all such obser- 
vations of this instrument since the middle of the year 1876 have been 
filed, but for the purposes of the present paper I have used only those 
of the eight years 1877 — 1884 inclusive. At Agra, similar observations of 
a non-registering solar thermometer have been made for some years on 
hourly observation days, but, owing to a change of instrument, the 
register for the years 1877 — 1884 is broken. For this reason, and because 
the observatory at Agra is situated in the midst of the city, I have not 
thought it worth while to reduce the registers of that station, though 
they seem to confirm in a general way the results obtained from Luck- 
now. 

Those parts of the Lucknow records which have been used for the 
purposes of the present paper are printed in Table I. The figures represent 
for each hour of observation the difference between the temperature of 
the black-bulb thermometer in the sunshine and the simultaneous tem- 
perature in the shade. Only those hours are given at w^hich the sky 
was either quite free from cloud or at which the cloud proportion did 
not exceed 2-lOths of the expanse. In the months of July and August, 
very few clear days, thus defined, occur ; consequently these months 
have been left oiit in drawing up the tables. For every other month in 
the eight years, except September 1878 and June 1880, there are some 
observations available. 



76 



E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliynchota. [N"o. 2, 



IX. — Notes on Indian Rliynchota, No. 3. — By E. T. Atkinson, B. A. 
[Received June 15th ;— Read July 1st, 1885.] 
[Tlie notes are taken as far as possible from the original descrip- 
tions, most of which are practically unprocurable by observers in India, 
or from Stal, Signoret, Butler, or Distant &c. where these authors have 
redescribed a species : the measurements of specimens not in the Indian 
Museum have been converted into millimetres from the recorded mea- 
surements of the several authors.] 

The insects belonging to this section have been so little worked 
in India that the collector may feel sure of a rich harvest of new species. 
At the same time, we may take warning from the confusion in the 
results of the investigations into the European forms how very necessary 
it is, from the similarity in appearance and small size of the great 
majority of the species, to use the microscope more freely than has 
apparently hitherto been the practice in ascertaining the generic charac- 
ters. We must wait some time before we can usefully attempt to 
do more than collect, compare, and fix the locality for the new forms of 
Memiracidce and Jassidce which exist in such profusion in this country. 
In the meantime, these notes summarising what has been done in, as near 
as possible, the words of the authors, is a contribution to the work. 

Family Membracid^, Stal. 

Snbfam. Memhracida, Stal, Hem. Afric. iv. p. 83 (1866) : Fieber, Rev. Mag. 
Zool. (3 ser.) iii. p. 332 (1875). 

Subfamily Centrotina, Stal. 

Centrotida, Stal, Hem. Afric. iv. p. 83 : Ofvers. K. V.-A. Torli. p. 280 |(1S69) : 
Centrotina, ibid. p. 727 (1870). 

Scutellum distinct, produced backwards behind the metanotum, 
very often sinuated at the apex and furnished with acute apical angles. 
The scutellum is wanting in Oxyrhachis, which in Hem. Afric. iv. p. 84 
(18G6) is placed by Stal in his subfamily Memhracida (Memhracina), 
and in Ofvers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Forh. jd. 280 (1869) in his subfamily 
Centrotida {Centrotina) : in Hem. Fabr. ii. p. 47 (1869), it is again 
transferred to Membracina. 

Genus Oxyrhachis, Germar. 

Silbermann's Rev. Ent. iii. p. 232 (1835) : Fairmaire, A. S. E. P. (2 ser.) iv. p. 
267 (1846) ; Stal, Hem. Afric. iv. p. 84 (1866) ; Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 280 (1869) ; 
Fieber, Rev. Mag. Zool. (3 ser.) iii. p. 333 (1875). 

Head perpendicular, frons a little elevated : thorax cornuted 
above the lateral angles, horns three-cornered ; posterior process long. 



1885.] G. M. Giles— 0« the Protliallus o/Padina pavonia. 75 

question. There are many points in connection witli these bodies that 
require clearing up, but these can hardly be solved without continuous 
observation of the living plant. Like all surf-line weeds, Padiiia pavonia 
requires a very free supply of oxygen, and the conditions necessary for 
observing it in, if I may so speak, captivity are wanting on board ship ; 
so that the solution of these points must, I fear, be reserved for other 
observers more favourably situated. Assuming, however, that the body 
which has just been described is really the protliallus of this weed, it 
would render it extremely probable that all algse producing " spores " of 
but one kind go through some such cycle of changes; and a very large 
field of investigation appears in prospective as to the determination of 
the protliallus of each species. Some no doubt have been described as 
distinct species of algse, as, assuming their existence, they can hardly 
have been entirely overlooked up to now. 

Explanation of the Plates, 
Plate IV. 

Fig. 1. Padina pavonia, nat. size. The sori are disposed in concentric lines 
consisting of a structureless flattened indusial sac and a number of pear-shaped 
sporanges. Tufts of parancmata disposed along their sides give to the sori a woolly 
appearance. 

2. Vertical section of frond through a sorus showing sporanges and paranc- 
mata, X 200. 

Plate V. 

Prothallus of Padina pavonia, natural size. 

The same, x 10. 

Transverse section of same, x 20. 

Portion of the section shewing male tubes in oblique section, x 300. 

Male mother-cell containing daughter-cells producing red-pigmented 
rods, X 400. 

Poi-tion of the section shewing a female tube in transverse sec- 
tion, X 300. 

Adeniform tissue of lower surface of the prothallus containing 
"hedgehog" cells in its meshes, x 300. 

One of the " hedgehog " cells more carefully drawn, x 500. 



Fig. 


1. 


J) 


2. 


5) 


3. 


)) 


4. 


)> 


5. 


)) 


6. 


>) 


7. 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliynchota. 77 

narrow, broad at the base, gradually narrowed, three-cornered, i-eaching 
the interior margin of the tegmina ; beneath, posteriorly compressly- 
amplified, furnished with a ridge continued thi'oiighout the entire thorax : 
tegmina with five oblong, apical areas ; wings with three apical areas : 
sides of the pro- and meso-stebhium armed with a small lobe or tooth : 
tibiae dilated (Stal). 

1. OxTEHACHis TARANDUS, Fabricius. 

Memhracis tarandiis, Fabr., Bnt. Syst. Suppt. p. 514 (1798). 

Centrotus tarandus, Fabr., Syst. Rhyng. p. 19 (1803). 

Oxyrhachis tarandus, Germar, in Silbermann's Rev. Ent. iii. p. 232 (1835) : 
Btirineisfcer, Handb. Ent. ii. (i.) p. 133 (1835) : Amyot and Serville, Hist. Nat. Ins. 
Hem. p. 536 (1843) : Fairmaire, A. S. E. F. (2 ser.) iv. p. 268 (1846), t. 4. f. 13 : 
Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii. p. 503 (1851) : Stal, Hem. Afric. iv. p. 84 (1866) : Hem. 
Fabr. ii. p. 47 (1869) : Fieber, Rev. Mag. Zool. (3 ser.) iv. p. 12 (1876). 

Body obscure, dorsum fuscous ; pronotum with two compressed 
horns, arched, obtuse, posteriorly subulate, longer than the abdomen ; 
tegmina hyaline, veins fuscous : wings white; feet ferruginous (Fabr.). 
Long 7-8 ; breadth of pronotum, 3 millims. 

S . Brown-red ; ? , reddish-yellow or russet ; vertex usually russet, 
sometimes brownish, with two small callosities prolonged to the ocelli, 
the angles straight : head, or towards the base only, black : the prono- 
tum with a red or russet-yellow median ridge running from the anterior 
margin, little defined, to the space between the lateral protuberances, 
thence defined and prolonged throughout the entire posterior pi'ocess : 
lateral protuberances of the pronotum turning outwards and backwards 
and sometimes slightly upwards, a little compressed, varying in size, 
tip acute or obtuse : the posterior process reaching to or extending 
beyond the apex of the tegmina by about the fourth of its length, 
more or less recurved towards the apex, narrowly lanceolate in its pos- 
terior half with a median keel on the sides, its lower edge finely ser- 
rated : feet with sunken dots, ciliated and setiferous : tegmina sordid 
hyaline, the two corneous patches at the base and the veins, russet-yel- 
low (or fuscous-ferruginous) : abdomen in the ^ , black ; all the feet 
and the venter in the ? , russet-yellow or reddish. Genitalia in the ^ , 
seen from above, transversely semioval ; seen from the side, trapezoidal, 
briefly truncated behind and directed obliquely towards the base, and 
forwards in a weak arch : anal styli yellow, projecting on the sides, 
widened almost into a lozenge-shape, on a short narrow pedicel : anal 
tube short, cylindrical, brown : genital plates placed one opposite the 
other, brown, gradually contracted together behind ; their tip spatuli- 
form, rounded and relieved : body whitish pubescent. 
11 



78 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota, [No. 2, 

5 . Last ventral arch obtusely emarginate : lateral plates {game) 
broad, oval, acuminate behind ; vagina (tariere) straight, a little longer 
than the gaine ; anal tube cylindrical, extending beyond the tariere : 
abdomen russet yellow (Fieh., Stal.). 

Reported from S. France, Egypt, Abyssinia, Senegal, Bengal. The 
Indian Museum possesses specimens from Calcutta. 

2. OxTEHACHis UNicOLOR, Walker, 
Oxyrhachis unicolor, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii. p. 509 (1851). 

Piceous, densely fulvous pilose : head and pronotum thickly punc- 
tured : head transverse, not much broader than long, flat, slightly con- 
vex along the posterior margin, truncated in front, a little narrower than 
the pronotum between the shoulders, the pronotum ridged, rather low, 
rising vertically from the head, shoulders rounded, not prominent ; horns 
above conical, prismatic, inclined forward, ascending, slightly diverging, 
their length equal to rather less than twice the breadth of the pronotum 
between them : posterior process ridged, reaching well beyond the tip of 
the abdomen, very slightly tapering fi'om the base to the tip which is 
acute ; very slightly undulating along the ridge ; legs ferruginous ; 
femora black ; tibiae dilated : tegmina almost without colour, long, nar- 
row, lanceolate, punctured, ferruginous and partly tawny at the base ; veins 
ferruginous, stout: wings colourless (Walker). Body long, 6 : wings, 
141-15 millims. 

3. OxTRHACHis RUDis, Walker. 

Oxyrhachis rudis, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii. p. 509 (1851). 

Ferruginous : head piceous, transverse, flat, finely punctured, trun- 
cated and with a ferruginous spot on each side in front ; not much broad- 
er than long, a little narrower than the pronotum between the shoulders ; 
pronotum itself very roughly punctui-ed, slightly ridged, rising vertically 
from the head, with the shoulders rounded not prominent ; horns above 
very broad, conical, diverging, almost horizontal, slightly curved, disc of 
the inner side slightly concave towards the base ; posterior side less than 
half the breadth of any other : posterior process keeled or rid.ged, extend- 
ing well beyond the tip of the abdomen, tapering and slightly declining 
from the base to the middle where it is deepened and keeled beneath 
and from thence to the tip is serrated beneath and slightly inclined 
upwards : tibiae dilated ; tegmina and wings colourless : tegmina narrow, 
lanceolate, with a small pale brown spot on the angle of the posterior 
border; veins thick, ferruginous; three discoidal areolas (Walker). Body 
long, 6-7 : wings, 13-14| millims. 

Reported from India. 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson— iVo/es on Indian Rliyncliota. 79 

4. OxYRHACHis SUBJECTA, Walker. 

Oxyrhachis subjecta, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii. p. 504- (1851). 

Smaller than 0. tarandus, the dorsal horns shorter in proportion and 
less diverging, posterior process more inclined upwards and not serrated 
beneath. Black with a white pubescence : head transverse, subquadrate, 
flat, slightly impressed, finely punctured, not much broader than long, a 
little narrower than the pronotum, truncated and ferruginous in front : 
pronotum somewhat elevated in front, rather roughly punctured, rising 
almost vertically from the head with a ferruginous keel or ridge : shoulders 
of pronotum rounded, not prominent : horns above very broad, prisma- 
tic, conical, divei'ging, ascending, hardly curved downwards : posterior 
side much the shortest of all the sides ; length of the horns rather less 
than the breadth of the pronotum between them : posterior process 
mostly ferruginous, reaching well beyond the tip of the abdomen, 
inclined upwards, and ridged beneath, but not serrated from the middle 
to the tip : pectus and abdomen whitish pubescent : legs red ; tibiae 
dilated : wings colourless : tegmina tawny, punctured at the base and 
with a brown spot on the angle of the posterior border ; veins stout, 
ferruginous, four discoidal areolas (TFaZ^'e/*). Body long 6 ; wings, 11| 
millims. 

Reported from India. 

In 0. tara)idHS, the pronotum is elevated in front, the posterior pro- 
cess is ridged, and also serrated beneath, the length of the horns is rather 
more than twice the breadth of the pronotum between them, and there 
are four discoidal areas : in 0. subjecta, the posterior process is not ser- 
rated beneath and the length of the horns is rather less than the breadth 
of the pronotum between them, otherwise as in 0. tarandus : in 0. uni- 
color, the pronotum is rather low in front and the length of the horns is 
as in 0. siibjecta : in 0. rudis, the posterior process is keeled and serrated 
but there are only three discoidal areas. 



S]Jectes of uncertain position. 

5. Membraois fuscata, Fabricivis. 

Memhracis fuscata, Fabr., Syst. Rhyng. p. 9, (1803) ; Fairmaire, A. S. E. F. 
(2 ser.), iv. p. 247, (1846). 

Thorax foliaceous, rounded, fuscous ; streak before the antei'ior 
margin and posterior band, white (Fabr.). This species does not seem 
to have been rediscovered since it was described by Fabricius. Reported 
from India. 



80 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. L^t)- 2, 

Genus Hypsauchenia, Germar. 

Silber. Rev. Ent. iii. p. 231 (1835) : Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 535 
(1843) ; Fairmaire, A. S. E. P. (2 ser.) iv. p. 520 (1846) ; Stal, Hem. Afric. iv. p. 
86 (1866) ; Of vers. K. V.-A. F5rh. p. 280 (1869). 

Head almost triangular, trilobed at the extremity : prothorax a little 
shorter than the tegniiua, without lateral horns, produced upwards in a 
compressed horn which is usually curved backwards and is bilobed at 
the tip : posterior process unilobed, slender, narrow at the base, nar- 
rower than the scutellum : tegmina free, slightly emarginate, extending 
much beyond the apex of the abdomen, very obliquely truncated at the 
apex, apical angle produced for some distance ; tibisD simple. 

6. Hypsauchbnia uncinata, Stal. 
Hypsaxichenia uncinata, Stal, Of vers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 283 (1869). 

Obscurely ferruginous, ochraceous pubescent : dorsal horn of the 
pronotum bending a little forwards, posteriorly sublobate, acuminate and 
recurved at the apex ; tegmina punctured befoi-e the middle, pellucid 
behind the middle. ¥ , long, 8 ; broad 2| millims. 

Reported from N. E. India : the Indian Museum possesses a speci- 
men (mutilated) from the Naga hills. 

The anterior horn is much shorter and differently formed from other 
species of this genus : pronotum punctulate, furnished anteriorly with a 
compressed dorsal horn, somewhat shorter than the posterior process, 
bending a little forwards, posteriorly roundly amplified a little above the 
middle, apex slender, acuminate and much recurved ; posterior process 
somewhat elevated behind the middle : tegmina fairly densely reticulated 
behind the middle (Stal). 

7. Hypsauchenia hardwiceii, Kirby. 

Centrotus hardwicMi, Kirby, Mag. N. H. ii. p. 21, f . 5 6 (1829). 
Hypsauchenia hardioichii, Fairmaire, A. S. E. F. (2 ser.) iv. p. 520, t. 3, f. 20, 
21 (1846) ; Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii. p. 631 (1851) ; J. L. S. Zool. x, p. 183 (1867). 

Brownish black, sprinkled with short, decumbent, inconspicuous 
hairs ; legs (except the femora) paler than the rest of the body : prono- 
tum minutely punctured, elevated above the head into a recurved quad- 
rangular horn and terminating in a fork resembling a pair of concavo- 
convex, pedunculated, pointed leaves ; scutelh^m (posterior process) of the 
length of the body, punctured, acute and elevated into a rounded lobe, 
near the apex : tegmina naked, punctured, veined longitudinally (Kirhij). 
Body long, 7-9 millims. 

Reported from Nepal : the Indian Museum possesses specimens 
from Sikkim and Assam. 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson— Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 81 

The Hypsauclienia haUista of Germar (Silb. Rev. Eiit. iii. p. 231. 
1835) 7iec Am. & Serv. (Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 535, t. 9, f. 5, 1843) is 
referred to H. hardwickii by Fairmaire (Z. c. p. 520) and Am. & Serv.'s 
species H. baltsta is referred to the genus Sjjhongophorits from Mexico 
(I. c. p. 261). S. halista, Am. and Serv., differs from H. halUsta, Germar, 
in the posterior process ending in an erect ensiform prolongation, vfhich 
is wanting in hardwiclcii from India. 

Genus Leptobelus, Stal. 

Hem. Afrio. iv. p. 86 (1866) : Ofvers. K. V.-A., Forli. p. 280 (1869). 

Frons without a basal lateral lobe, gradually narrowed : sides of the 
pectus unarmed: thorax with the disc elevated, the elevated part furnished 
on both sides with a slender horn, and posteriorly with a slender process, 
well apart from the body : scutellum elongate, longer than broad, gra- 
dually acuminated or much narrowed towards the apex, and with the 
apex slightly and narrowly obtusely or subsinuately truncated : exterior 
discoidal area of tegmina petiolated : wings with four apical areas : 
tibiae veiy rarely dilated (Stal). 

8. Leptobelus dama, Germar. 

Ceiifrotus dama, Germar, Silbermann'g Rev. Ent. iii. p. 258 (1835) : Fairmaire, 
A. S. B. F. (2 ser.) iv. p. 510 (18i6), t. 3, f. 14 : Walker, List Hom. B. M. ii. p. 602 
(1851). 

Leptobelus dama, Stal, Berlin But. Zeitsch. p. 386 (1866) : Ofvers. K. V.-A. 
Forh. p. 284 (1869). 

Black : thorax, posteriorly, with white scales ; furnished with a 
short slender process on the dorsum anteriorly, turning upwards, armed 
at the apex on both sides with a spine which is produced outwards, and 
inflexed at the apex : scutellum elongated, spinose, white at the base : 
exterior discoidal area of corium petiolated (Faina.). Body long, 9 
millims. 

Reported from India : the Indian Museum possesses a specimen 
fi'om the Khasiya hills. 

9. Leptobelus gazella, Fairmaire. 

Centrotus gazella, Fairmaire, A. S. E. F. (2 ser.) iv. p. 510 (1846) ; Walkei", 
List Hom. B. M. ii. p. 602 (1851). 

Leptobelus gazella, Stal, Berlin Ent. Zeitschr. x. p. 386 (1866) : Ofvers, K. V.-A. 
Forh. p. 284 (1869). 

Caerulean black, thorax elevated in the middle, the elevated part 
trispinose, spines not inflexed, posteriorly not scaly with white. Closely 
allied to L. dama, from which it differs by its smaller size, the lateral 
spines shorter proportionately and slightly turned up : the prothorax is of 



82 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. [No. 2, 

a bluisla black without a white patch posteriorly : the scutelkim is elon- 
gated, white at the base : the tegmina are transparent, more yellow, 
black at the base ; exterior discoidal area of corium, petiolated. Body 
long 8 niillims. 

Reported from India, 

10. Leptobelus pallipes, Stal. 
Leptohelus pallipes, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A.Forh. p. 284 (1869). 

Black, distinctly punctulate : thorax anteriorly without a dorsal pro- 
cess : sides of thorax and pectus, also base of scutellum, densely ochre- 
ous-sericeous : tegmina sordidly vinaceous, base of clavus and entire 
costal area and radial area at the base and outwards beyond the middle, 
black, punctured : lateral horns of pronotum, slender, moderate, gi'adually 
acuminated, sti'aight, turning outwards, above unicarinate, beneath bica- 
I'inate; posterior process slightly curved towards the base, thence straight, 
distant from the scutellum : exterior discoidal area of corium petiolated ; 
feet yellow-feriaiginous. $ body long 5-5| : breadth, 2 millims. 

Reported from India. 

Very like L. curvispinus, Stal, (Ceylon), lateral horns of thorax 
shorter, more slender, turning outwards ; very little upwards ; posterior 
process not reaching the apex of the scutellum and the frons narrrower 
at the apex (Stal). 

11. Leptobelus varius. Walker. 

Centrotus varius, Walker, List Horn. B. M. Suppt. p. 162 (1858). 
Leptobelus varius, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 285 (1869). 

Black, minutely punctured : head somewhat excavated between the 
eyes ; pronotum keeled, unarmed on each side, with a smooth shining 
spot on each side in front, shoulders somewhat acute : posterior process 
slender, acute, undulating, testaceous in the middle, not extending 
beyond the tip of the abdomen : legs piceous : knees, tarsi and tips of 
the tibiae tawny : tegmina punctured towards the base, with various 
vitreous marks hind ward, and with a large vitreous patch near the tip of 
the costa (Walher.) Body long 4 J : exp. teg. 8| millims. 

Reported from Burma. 

The species of this genus appear to be distributed as follows : — 

A. Thorax furnished on the dorsum anteriorly with a short, slender 
process turning upwards and armed at the apex on both sides with a 
spine produced outwards, exterior discoidal area of corium petiolate : L. 
dama, L. gazella. 

B. Thorax anteriorly without the dorsal process, either cornuted 
or ridged above the lateral angles. 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson— Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 83 

B. a. Posterior pi^ocess of thorax distinctly curved towards the 
base : exterior discoidal area of corium petiolate : L. curvispifnis, i. 

B. b. Posterior process of thorax straight, subtindate, reaching 
the apical part of the scntellum, discoidal area of corium sessile, gradually 
much nari-owed towards the base : L. vai-ius, L. auriculatus, (Stal). 

12. Leptobelus scutellaris, Fabricius. 

Centrotus smUellaris, Fabr., Syst. Ehyng. p. 19 (1803) : Germar, Silb. Eev. Ent. 
iii. p. 257 (1835): Fairmaire, A. S. E. F. (2 ser.) iv. p. 510 (1815) : Walker, List 
Horn. B. M. ii. p, 602 (1851). 

Stal, in index to Hem. Fabr. (ii. p. 115), places a query after this 
species ; and all that seems to be known is that it is reported from 
India. 

13. Leptobelus paria, Fairmaire. 

Centrotus paria, Fairmaii'e, A. S. E. F. (2 ser.) iv. p. 513 : (184G) : Walker, 
List Horn. B. M. ii. p. 609 (1851). 

Ferruginous : eyes projecting : horns a little divaricate, slender, 
acute, compressed : posterior process very slender, bordered on each 
side by the scutellum which is broad and white, as long as the abdomen : 
sides of the pectus white : feet yellowish : tegmina transparent (Fairm.) 
Long 6 millims. 

Reported from India. 

Genus Xiphop^us, Stal. 

Hem. Afric. iv. p. 87, 91 (1866) ; Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forli. p. 281 (1869). 

Frons prominulous below in the shape of a tubercle ; thorax cornuted 
above the lateral angles ; posterior process much distant from the 
scutellum and abdomen, much curved from the base or geniculated near 
the base ; beneath, armed with small spines, at least towards the base, 
not dilated in the middle beneath ; tegmina with five apical and two 
discoidal areas, none of which are petiolated : wings with four apical 
areas : tibiae simple or very slightly dilated (Stal). 

14. XiPHOP^us piLOSus, Walker. 

Centrotus pilosus, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii. p. 606 (1851). 
Xiphopceus pilosus, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forli. p. 285 (1869). 

Ferruginous, very thickly clothed with sordid white down : head 
punctured, short, transversely subfusifoim, a little narrower than the 
thorax, with a metallic lustre in fi'ont, nearly twice as broad as long : 
face small : thorax punctured, deep in front, partly black, rising almost 
vertically from the head, slightly ridged, shoulders obtusely angular. 



84 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on huliari Rliyncliota. [No. 2, 

somewhat prominent : horns above rather long, broad, irregularly pris- 
matic, slightly diverging and inclined forwards ; tips more diverging, 
almost trifurcate, slightly amplified ; inner side and outer side m.uch 
broader than the hinder side, angles slightly serrated ; of the three 
forks or angles at the tip, the fore one is slightly obtuse, the mid- 
dle one acute, and the hind one rectangular ; hind horn stout and 
vertical for a short space from the base, then forming a right angle and 
extending backward much beyond the tip of the abdomen ; hind part 
tawny, slender, tapering, very slightly undulating, with an acute black 
tip : pectus and abdomen piceous : legs tawny : a brown spot on the hind 
angle of each tegmen : veins tawny, here and there, brown {Walker). 
Body long 4|- : exp. teg. 9^ millims. 
Reported from N. India. 

Genus Acanthophyes, Stal. 

Hem. Afric. iv. p. 87, 89 (186(?) ; Ofvers. K. V.-A. p. 281 (1869). 

Thoi^ax much elevated between the lateral angles, very often cornuted 
above the same angles ; posterior process distant from the scutellum, 
bisinuate beneath, more or less amplified or lobed in the middle, between 
the sinus, with the amplified part reaching the dorsum of the abdo- 
men or the apex of the scutellum : tegmina with five apical, two discoi- 
dal areas : wings with four apical areas : tibiae simple (Stal). 

15. Acanthophyes capra, Fabricius. 

Memhracis capra, Fabr., Ent. Syst. Snppt. p. 514 (1798), 
Centrotus capra, Fabr., Syst. Rbyng. p. 20 (1803). 
Acanthophyes capra, Stal, Hem. Fabr. ii. p. 50 (1869). 

Body altogether fuscous, immaculate : horns of thorax, large, thick, 
obtuse ; thorax posteriorly short, emarginate : tegmina fuscous (Fabr.). 
FeiTuginous black or ferruginous, remotely flavescent-grey-sericeous, two 
small basal spots on scutellum and sides of pectus very densely sericeous : 
lateral horns of thorax depressed, truncated, bicarinate above. $ : long 
with tegmina 6i ; thorax broad, 3 ; exp. thoracic horns, 4| millims. 

Head between the eyes a little shoi'ter than broad, beneath the eyes 
abruptly very much narrowed ; frons gradually slightly narrowed, sub- 
truncate, freely produced downwai'ds for a distance : thorax punctured, 
armed on both sides anteriorly above the lateral angles with a depressed 
horn, very slightly narrowed towards the apex, truncated at the apex, 
bicarinate above and below ; anterior apical angle of the horns round, 
posterior somewhat acute ; posterior process distinctly carinate, very 
broadly sinuated in the middle above, a little amplified beneath in the 
middle, reaching the apex of the scutellum, very slightly decurved 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliynchota. 85 

towards tlie apex : tegmina fascous-ferruginous or ferruginous-grej, 
punctured at the base (Stal). 

Reported from Tranquebar, India. 

Genus Leptocentrus, Stal. 

Hera. Afric. iv. p. 87, 90 (1866) : Of vers. K. V.-A. Forh. jj. 281 (1869), 

Frons more or less prominulous downwards : thorax cornuted above 
the lateral angles ; posterior process, slender, three-cornered, acute, emit- 
ted a little before the posterior margin of the thorax, altogether distant 
from scutellum and abdomen, not unless posteriorly touching the inte- 
rior margin of the tegmina, not sinuated beneath nor amplified in the 
middle : scutellum emarginate at the apex, moderate : tegmina with five 
apical, two discoidal areas, none of them petiolated : wings with four 
apical areas : tibise simple. 

16. Leptocentrus tatjrus, Fabricius. 

Memlracis faurus, Fabr., Syst. Ent. p. 676 (1775) : Spec. Ins?, ii. p. 317 (1781) : 
Mant. Ins. ii. p. 244 (1787) : Ent. Syst. iv. p. 14 (1794) ; Olivier, Enc. Meth. vii. p. 
665 (1792). 

Membracis rupicapra, Fabr., Ent. Syst. Suppt. p. 514 (1798). 

Centrotus rupicapra, Fabr., Syst. Rhyng. p. 18 ''1803). 

Centrotus taurus, Fabr., Syst. Rbyng. p. 20 (1803) ; Germar, Mag. iv. p. 32 
(1821) ; Silb. Rev. Ent. iii. p. 257 (1835) : Fairmaire, A. S. E. F. (2 ser.) iv. p. 510 
(1846) ; Walker, List Hom. B. M. ii. p. 602 (1851) ; ibid. Suppt. p. 158 (1858) ; 
J. Linn. S. Zool. i. p. 93 (1856) ; ibid. p. 163 (1857). 

Membracis tricornis,, Hardwicke, Zool. Journ. iv. p. 114, t. Suppt. 30, fig. c. d. f. 
(1828). 

Centrotus terminalis, Walker, List Hom. B. M. ii. p. 604 (1851). 

Centrotus vicarius, Walker, 1. c. p. 605 (1851). 

Leptocentrus taurus, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 491 (1862) ; Berlin Ent. 
Zeitscb. X. p. 386 (1866) : Hem. Fabr. ii. p. 50 (1869). 

Fairmaire makes M. tricornis, Hardwicke, a synonym for L. taurus, 
Fabr., to which Walker adds his own G. vicarius and C. terminalis, and 
Stal adds C rupicapra, Fabr. 

Head fuscous, eyes castaneous, a white spot before the eyes : thorax 
fuscous with two stout horns, a little arched, produced posteriorly, fili- 
form : sides of pectus white : wings obscure : body fuscous (ilf. taurus, 
Fabr.). Body small, fuscous ; thorax with three horns, the lateral 
thicker, obtuse or rather truncate, subdentate ; the intermediate, poste- 
rior, recurved : tegmina fuscous hyaline ; wings whitish (M. rupicapra, 
Fabr.). Fairmaire remarks that G. taurtts is black with the scutellum 
and sides of the pectus white and the tegmina with the costa fuscous. 
Hardwicke describes his M. tricornis as head, thorax, and body black ; 
12 



86 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. [No. 2, 

wings ash-grey, longer and broader than the body, and incumbent : thorax 
three-horned, two of which are placed in front behind the eyes, about as 
lono- as the thorax, strong, erect and curved outwards ; the third horn 
rises from the posterior margin of the thorax, extending in a gentle arch 
the whole length of the body and tapering to the apex. Stal notes that 
the type has the lateral margins and apical spine of the scutellum sordid 
whitish. Walker's C. terminalis is thus described : " Black, clothed with 
tawny hairs ; head and pronotum roughly punctured : head convex very 
short, transversely subfusiform, a little narrower than the pronotum, 
undulating along the hind border, retuse in front, on each side of 
the face whose hind border is semicirciilar and occupies much less than 
half the length of the face ; clypeus prominent, retuse : pronotum thick 
in front rising vei'tically above the head, indistinctly ridged ; shoulders 
very obtusely angular, not prominent ; above them are two long, stout, 
prismatic, diverging, acute horns which are curved backwards, especially 
towards the tips ; their sides are slightly concave, their inner and outer 
sides are of equal breadth, their hinder side is narrower ; behind them 
the pronotum is armed with a long, slender, smooth, acute triangular 
horn which is slightly curved downwards and extends to the tip of the 
abdomen : abdomen above with hoary reflections : tibiaa pitchy ; hind 
tarsi tawny : wings veiy pale lurid ; a narrow pale brown streak on the 
fore-border near the tip of each tegmen ; two discoidal areolas ; veins 
tawny : wings colourless, veins black." Body long 6-8 millims. 

Fairmaire notes that he cannot separate from this species smaller 
ones of which the horns are very acuminate and hardly recurved, and 
others in which the horns are relieved and oblique. M. vicarius, "Wal- 
ker, is one of those in which the horns are short. 

Reported from India : the Indian Museum possesses specimens from 
Calcutta, Sikkim. 

17. Leptocentrus reponens. Walker. 

Centrotus reponens, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii. p. 604 (1851) : J. L. S. Zool. x. 
p. 183, (1867). 

Centrotus antilope, Stal, Freg. Bug. Eesa, Ins. p. 284 (1859). 
Leptocentrus antilope, Stal, Of vers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 727 (1870). 

Fuscous ferruginous : rudely punctured, sparingly covered with 
whitish down, head and thorax anteriorly more densely clothed ; thorax 
anteriorly subreclinately sloped, armed on both sides with a horn, 
strong, long, produced somewhat upwards, recurved towards the apex, 
three-cornered ; posterior process from its base distant from the abdo- 
men, somewhat curved at the base, thence straight, equally thick, 
extending somewhat beyond the apex of the abdomen, three cornered 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. 87 

wifcli a high median ridge : tegmiua weakly fuscescent-hyaline, veins 
fuscous. Size almost the same as that of L. taurus, but differs in 
being longer, proportionately narrower, anterior horns longer, more pro- 
duced upwards, scutellum concolorous (Stal). Body long 9: broad 
5 millims. 

Reported from New Guinea, Timor, Philippines, Ceylon, India : 
the Indian Museum possesses specimens from Calcutta. 

18. Leptocentrus substitdtus, Walker. 
Centrotus substitiitus, Walker, List Hoiu. B. M. ii. p. 605 (1881). 

In structure like the preceding : horns of thorax short as in var. viea- 
rius, "Walker, of L. taiirus ; pectus with a thick patch of pale yellow down 
on each side in front ; legs black ; tarsi pitchy ; hind tarsi tawny ; wings 
black ; tips colourless ; veins tawny. Body long 6j : wings long 12| 
millims. (Walker). 

Reported from N. Bengal. 

Genus Centrotypus, Stal. 

Hem. Afric. iv. p. 88 (18G6) : Ofvers. K. V.-A. Porh. p. 281 (1869). 

Frons gi'adually narrowed from the base, without a lobe on both 
sides at the base : posterior process of thorax not sinuated on each side 
from the base to the scutelkim, never distant from the scutellum, gra- 
dually narrowed, covering the whole or almost the whole of the scutel- 
lum ; dorsum of thorax distinctly keeled, the keel not (or very obsoletely) 
continued foi'ward through the thorax, which instead of a keel has a some- 
what smooth line : sides of scutellum not prominulous, scutellum not or 
only a little, seldom twice, as broad as the base of the posterior process 
of the thorax : tegmina with five entire, oblong, apical areas ; costal area 
punctured at the base, costal and radial areas abbreviated at the same 
distance or almost so from the base (Stal). 

19. Centrotypus flexuosus, Fabricius, 

Memhracis flexuosa, Fabr., Ent. Syst. iv. p. 12 (1794). 

Centrotus flexuosus, Fabr., Syst. Rhyng. p. 18 (1803) : Fairmaire, A. S. E. F. 
(2 ser.) iv. p. 516 (1846) : Walker List Horn. B. M. ii. p. 611 (1851). 

Centrotus ancliorago, Gue'riii, Icon. Regne Anim. t. 59, f. 4 (1829-43). 

Centrotypus flexuosus, Stal, Hem. Fabr. ii. p. 51 (1869) : OtVers. K. V.-A. 
Forh. p. 286 (1869). 

Thorax punctured, coerulean ; with a stout horn on both sides, flat, 
acute, black, a little flexuose, posterioi'ly produced in a spine, longer 
than the abdomen : wings black, a spot on the slender margin whitish : 
body black (M.flexaosa, Fabr.). 



88 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliynchota. [No. 2, 

Coei'ulean black : lateral horns of thorax long, somewhat recurved, 
scarcely turning upwards, above unicarinate, hardly broader than the 
median part of the posterior process, acute : tegmina subvinaceous, 
ferruginous towards the apex, with the base and the broad costal limbus 
beyond the middle, blackish (Stal) 2 • Body long 10 : breadth of prono- 
tum 3f : exp. horns of thorax 8| niillims. 

Reported from India : the Indian Museum possesses specimens 
from Sikkim. 

20. Centrottpus assamensis, Fairmaire. 

Centrotus assamensis, Fairmaire, A. S E. F. (2 ser.) iv. p. 517 (1846). 
Centrotus costalis, Walker, Ins. Saunders. Horn. p. 27 (1858). 
Centroti/pus assamensis, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 286 (1869) •. Distant, 
J. A. S. B. xlviii. (2), p. 38 (1879. 

Greenish black, blue on the horns : allied to G. Jlexuosus, Fabr. 
thoracic horns less dilated, ridged before and behind, more relieved : 
tegmina yellow, pellucid, with the external margin blackish brown, a 
brown patch at the internal angle (Fairm.). Long 11 millims. 

Reported from Assam and Tenasserim ; the Indian Museum pos- 
sesses specimens from the latter locality. 

21. Centrottpus obesus, Fairmaire. 

Centrotus obesus, Fairmaire, A. S. B. F. (2 ser.) iv. p. 518 (1846) : Walker, List 
Horn. B. M. ii. p. 612 (1851) : Stal, Berlin Ent. Zeitsch. x. p. 386 (1866). 
Centrotus malleator. Walker, List 1. c. p. 612 (1851), Java. 
Centrotus malleolus. Walker, List 1. c. p. 613 (1851), Java. 
Centrotus malleus. Walker, List 1. c. p. 613 (1851), Ceylon. 
Centrotypus olesus, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 286 (1869). 

Coerulean-black, shining : prothorax tumid and rounded anteriorly 
and between the shoulders (especially in ?), deeply punctured : horns 
conical, slightly projecting, almost horizontal : posterior process, sinuat- 
ed, slender, slightly curved below at the tip, longer than the abdomen : 
scutellum white, short ; basal half of tegmina of a transparent yellow, rest 
brown, external border blackish (Fairm.). Long 8-10 millims. 

Reported from Java, Ceylon, India. 

Genus CoccosTERPHDS, Stal. 
Hem. Fabr. ii. p. 51 (1869). 

Body small, obovate : head with the eyes equal in breadth to 
the anterior part of the thorax, with the eyes, deflexed, somewhat 
transverse, slightly inflexed beneath the eyes, frons a little eleva- 
ted, not freely prominent, with the apical margin a little prominu- 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 89 

Ions : ocelli twice as distant from each other as from the eyes : 
thorax moderately convex, unarmed on both sides anteriorly, gra- 
dually narrowed behind the slightly prominulous lateral angles and 
gradually passing into the posterior process ; the posterior process 
entire on both sides at the base, not sinuated, gradually acuminated, 
straight, slightly deflexed at the apex, equalling the apex of clavus, 
somewhat highly ridged, much depressed in the middle. No complete 
scutellum : mesonotum furnished on both sides at the apex with a spinule 
turning backwards. Tegmina short, not extending beyond the apex of 
the abdomen, gradually somewhat amplified towards the apex which is 
obhquely rounded, opaque and coriaceous at the base ; exterior vein of 
clavus united with the commissure at some distance beyond the middle ; 
corium emitting the ulnar and radial veins from the base, ulnar vein 
somewhat forked before the middle of the corium, two discoidal areolas 
or, if the areola behind the fork of the ulnar vein be included, three ; 
the exterior discoidal areola stylated, stylus separating the interior 
(or intermediate) discoidal areola from the first apical area, five apical 
areas. Wings with three apical areolas. Feet moderate, tibiae prisma- 
tic, anterior a little depressed : anterior trochanters unarmed within. 

A curious genus allied to Oar gar a, Stal ; but very distinct in having 
the thorax behind the lateral angles gradually passing into the posterior 
process which has no sinus at the base ; there is no produced complete 
scutellum, but the mesonotum is armed at the apex with two very distant 
spines (Stal). 

22. CoccosTERPHUS MiNUTDS, Fabricius. 

Meinhracis minuta, Fabricius, Bnfc. Syst. Suppt. p. 514 (1798). 

Centrotus minutus, Fabricius, Syst. Rhyng. p. 22 (1803). 

Scaphula {?) niinuta, Fairniaire, A. S. E. F. (2 se'r.) iv. p. 495 (1846) ; Walker, 

List Horn. B. M ii. p. 589 (1851). 
Coccosterphus minutus, Stal, Hem. Fabr. ii. p. 51 (1869). 

Minute : head and thorax black, scabrous with elevated dots : tho- 
rax subunarmed, produced posteriorly, attenuated, a little elevated before 
the apex, as long as the abdomen : tegmina obscurely whitish, somewhat 
spotted fuscous, black at the base ; wings shorter, hyaline : body black 
(^Fabr.) . Black, flavescent-greyish-sericeous : head, thorax and tegmina 
remotely sprinkled with somewhat lai'ge granules : thorax furnished with 
a ridge or keel, obsolete anteriorly, very elevated in the posterior pro- 
cess, in its medium depressed part interrupted : tegmina palely greyish- 
flavescent, subpellucid, obsoletely dotted with white, veins here and there 
infuscate, granules and almost third basal part, black ; black part punc- 
tured ; ulnar vein running through this part greyish-flavescent (Stal). 

c? . Body long 3j : broad 2 millims. 

Reported from B, India, Tranquebar. 



90 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncbota. [No. 2, 

Subfamily Darnina, Stal. 

Darnida, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. p. 556 (1867) ; p. 250 (1869). 

Genus Hemipttcha, Germar (in part). 

Fairmaire, A. S. E. F. (2 ser.) iv. p. 312 (1846) : Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. 
p. 557 ((1867), p. 250 (1869). 

Thorax without an impression above the lateral angles, much eleva- 
ted anteriorly, furnished on both sides with a long horn, strong, curved, 
acute, turning upwards, reaching with the lateral margins of the poste- 
rior process the longitudinal vein of the clavus, covering part of the 
apex of the clavus and narrow interior posterior part of the corium, 
apical half or more very slightly deflexed ; entire dorsum tectiform or 
compressly acute, sinuated above beyond the middle, behind the sinus 
gradually decreasing in height, equal to or extending a little beyond 
the apex of the tegmina ; head obtusely triangular : ocelli a little more 
distant from the eyes than from each other, 

23. Hemipttcha crux, Linnseus. 

Cicada crux, Linn., Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) i. p. 435 (1758) : Mns. Lncl. Ulr. p. 154 
(1764). 

Hemiptycha crux, Stal, Berlin Ent. Zeitsch. x, p. 389 (1866). 

Fuscous-testaceous : thorax black, anteriorly obsoletely spinkled 
testaceous, behind the lateral horns broadly margined with yellow, 
this yellow margin narrowed backwards, extended beyond the middle of 
the posterior produced part : tegmina fuscous. Thorax distinctly punc- 
tulate, furnished with a very strong and long horn above the lateral 
angles, compressed, turning outwards and moderately upwards, at the apex 
obliquely truncated, anteriorly rounded, at the apex posteriorly acumi- 
nate, slightly amplified towards the tip ; posterior produced part gradu- 
ally acuminated, extending a little beyond the tip of the tegmina ; apex 
itself very slightly recurved : dorsum seen from the side somewhat 
straight and with a distinct ridge, lateral margins straight (Stal). ?, 
body long 18 ; exp. horns of thorax 17 millims. 

Reported from India (Linn.). 

Genus ScAPHULA, Fairmaire. 
A. S. E. F. (2 ser.) iv. p. 494 (1846). 

Head triangular, rounded at the tip : eyes very broad, prominent, 
ocelli contiguous : prothorax smooth, sometimes elevated, slightly 
rounded posteriorly : tegmina free, with posterior veins waved, one small 
discoidal ; the internal extremity sometimes .slightly covered by the 
prothorax : posterior tarsi longer thau the anterior (Fairm.). 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyncliota, 91 

24. ScAPHULA SEMiATRA, Fairmaire. 

Scaphula semiatra, Fairmaire, A. S. E. F. (2 ser.) iv. p. 494, t. iii. f. 18, 19 ; t. 
vii, f. 20 (1846) ; Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii. p. 589 (1851). 

Brownish black, shining ; prothorax somewhat elevated in the mid- 
dle, terminated postei'iorly by a defined, rounded border ; tegmina free, 
dull black, posterior third transparent : abdomen beneath, anterior feet, 
knees, and tarsi yellowish; posterior feet blackish {Fairm.) Body 
long 6 millims. 

Reported from Coromandel ? 

Family Jassid^, Stal. 

Jassida, Stal, Hem. Afric. iv. p. 82 (1866) ; Fieber, Kat. p. 8 (1872) ; Eev. 
Mag. Zool. (3 ser.) iii., pp. 337, 386, (1875). 

Subfamily Paropina, Fieber. 

Paropida, Fieber, Kat. p. 7 (1872) ; Eev. Mag. Zool. (3 ser.) iii, p. 384 (1875) : 
Paropides, Sign. A. S. E. F. (5 ser.) is, p. 47 (1879). 

Genus SiGNOEETiA, Stal. 
Freg. Eng. Resa, p. 289 (1859). 

Body elongate, subparallel : head with the eyes broader than the 
thorax, round in front, semilunated on the vertex, subconcave, furnished 
posteriorly with a high transverse ridge ; frons large, convex, with a 
much elevated longitudinal ridge ; ocelli placed in a small excavation 
in the margin of the base of the frons at the eyes : thorax shorter than 
broad, parallel, anteriorly semicircularly rounded and produced between 
the eyes, rounded behind, posteriorly convex, anteriorly semicircularly 
depressed, where it is furnished with two ridges before the apex, lying 
close to each other : scutellum small, triangular : tegmina longer 
than the abdomen with the longitudinal veins towards the apex, once 
joined by the transverse nervures, the intracostal longitudinal vein 
forked behind the middle : feet moderate, posterior tibiae three-cornered, 
angles remotely spinose. Allied to Paropia : ocelli nearer the eyes, frons 
convex, ridged, thorax differing in shape, the suctellura very small 
(Stal). 

25. SiCtNOretia malaya, Stal. 

Thamnotettix malaya, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 192 (1855). 
Signoretia malaya, Stal, Freg. Eug. Resa, p. 290, t. 4, f. 9, a. b. (1859). 

Virescent- whitish, densely and roughly punctured ; tegmina vires- 
ceut whitish hyaline ; entire clavas, space between the costa and the 



92 E. T. Atldnson — Notes on Imlian Rliynchota. [No. 2, 

second longitudinal vein, also other veins on both sides, fairly roughly 
punctured (Stal). Long 7 ; broad, 1| millims. 
Reported from Malacca, Tenasserim (?). 

Subfamily Ledrina, Stal. 
Ledrina, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 731 (1870) : Scarida, Fieber, Kat. p. 7, 
(1872) ; Rev. Mag. Zool. (3 ser.), iii, p. 386, (1875). 

26. Lbdra serrulata, Fabricius. 

Ledra serrulata, Fabr., Syst. Rhyng. p. 24 (1803) : Stal, Hem. Fabr. ii, p. 58, 
(1809). 

Greyish or flavescent-greyish : body beneath and feet weakly testace- 
ous flavescent or testaceous whitish : tegmina greyish pellucid behind the 
middle, near the base with a pallescent, broad, obsolete band ; wings 
sordidly hyaline : the dorsum of the abdomen flavescent-sanguineous : 
thorax elevated posteriorly and furnished on both sides with a lobe, 
erect, produced forwards, crenulated posteriorly on the margin. Some- 
times with two interrupted bands on the inferior part of the head and 
certain median marks on the thorax, black (Stal). $ Body long, 18 ; 
broad 5 millims. Stature of L. atcrita, Linn. (Britain) head more 
roundly produced, lobes of thorax longer. Head somewhat shorter than 
the thorax, gradually distinctly amplified through a short space before 
the eyes, thence abruptly angulated and anteriorly much rounded, the 
ocellar tract impressed, the impressed part amplified forwards and 
gradually merging in the anterior disc, anteocular part remotely sprinkled 
with distinct granules. Lateral margins of thorax parallel at the apex, 
thence somewhat divergent backwards, two parallel ridges behind the 
middle anteriorly slightly divergent, obtuse, minutely tuberculate, and 
towards the sides a lobiform crest, very high, slightly bending forwai'ds, 
remotely granulate, posteriorly crenulate. Scutellum gradually trans- 
versely depressed towards the middle, before the middle sprinkled with 
granules towards the sides, posteriorly much elevated, the elevated part 
posteriorly black and granulate. Tegmina gradually slightly amplified 
beyond the middle, thence rounded outwards : almost entire clavus and 
corium towards the base punctured and sprinkled with granules at 
intervals, veins here and there infuscate. Tibiae above sparingly gra- 
nulate. 

Reported from Malacca, Tranquebar. 

27. Ledra mutica, Fabricius. 
Ledra mutica, Fabricius, Syst. Rhyng. p. 25, (1803) : Stal, Hem. Fabr. ii, p. 59, 
(1869). 

Ledra fornicata. Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii, p. 815, (1851). 
Ledra carinata. Walker, List 1. c. p. 815, (1851). 



1885. J E. T. Aildiison — Kolcs on Indian Eliynchofca. 03 

Greyish mingled with fuscous or weak ferruginous and gmuulated, 
beneath palely soi'did flavescent : head and thorax equal in length, the 
head obtusely angulated at the apex, the thorax posteriorly quadricari- 
nate : dorsum of abdomen weakly sanguineous : clavus sometimes marked 
anteriorly with a large pale spot : wings sordid hyaline, sanguineous at 
the base. 2 , body long, 18 ; bi-oad 4| millims. 

Allied to L. dilatata, Walker, but narrower, head longer. Head 
very obtusely tcctiform, much px'oduced, furnished with a median wrin- 
kle, running through it, and posteriorly with four longitudinal wrinkles, 
the exterior a little oblique ; somewhat roundly amplified before the eyes, 
thence gradually obtusely angulated towards the apex, gradually very 
obtusely roundly-narrowed, sprinkled with granules and small tubercles. 
Thorax hardly narrowed forwards, subsinuate before the middle on both 
sides, behind the middle gradually elevated backwards, remotely sprin- 
kled with granules, posterioi'ly furnished with four parallel ridges. 
Scutellum with the apical part much elevated and longitudinally birugose, 
the wrinkles (rtigoe) granulated. Tegmina gradually a little amplified 
beyond the middle, thence rounded externally, behind the middle more 
pellucid, towards the base sprinkled at intervals with granules, greyish, 
veins more obscure, here aiid there infuscate or palely ferruginous. 
Tibise above sprinkled with some granules (Stal). 

Reported from Tranquebar, N. India, N. Bengal. 

28. Ledra dilatata. Walker. 

Ledra dilatata, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii, p. 811, (1851) : Stal, Ofvers, K. Y.- 
A. Forh. p. 495, (18G2) ; Hem, Fabr. ii, p. 59, (1869). 
Ledra scutellata, Walker, 1. c. p. 812, (1851). 
Ledra plana, Walker, 1. c. p. 812, (1851). 

Closely allied to L. mutica, Fabr. Testaceous, paler beneath : head 
and pro thorax, with ferruginous tubercles : head broader than the thorax, 
very slightly arcuated, anterior margin rounded, each side somewhat 
angulated, hinder margin very slightly sinuate, weakly ti-icarinate, the 
lateral ridges short and oblique ; its length hardly half its breadth : thorax 
convex on the disc, furrowed across, very slightly convex along the ante- 
rior margin, with a pale band on the disc, which has five slight ridges, 
the middle one short : posterior margin concave in the middle, convex on 
each side : scutellum gibbous with two slight crests towards the tips : 
abdomen red above : tegmina whitish, very convex along the fore- 
borders towards the tips ; veins pale ferruginous with a few piceous 
tubercles towards the base : wings colourless : tibiae with piceous tuber- 
cles, slightly widened and fi-inged (WalJcer). Body long 10^ : tog. 25 
millims. 

Reported from E. India, 
13 



94 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 2, 

29. Ledra dorsalis, Walker. 

Ledra dorsalis, Yv^alker, List Horn. B. M. iii, p. 810, (1851) ; Stal, Ofvors, K. V.- 
A. Forh. p. 495, (1862). 

Ferruginoiis, testaceous beneath, head a little broader than the 
thorax : very slightly arched, rounded in front, obtusely angular on 
each side, slightly sinuate on the posterior margin ; its length hardly 
half its breadth ; three broad, low, rounded ridges on the vertex, the 
side pair oblique ; face with three black stripes corresponding to the 
ridges above : shield roughly punctured, slightly convex in front, very 
concave on the hind border, armed with six crests, outer pair irregular, 
horizontal, and oblique ; next pair vertical, very high, marked with black, 
convex above, perpendicular and forming right angles behind ; inner 
pail' slight, interrupted with two black dots on each towards the hind 
border, scutellum convex : abdominal appendages short : legs testaceous : 
tegmina ferruginous, tuberculate, especially towards the base, almost 
colourless towards the tips : wings almost colourless ( Walker) . Body 
lone' 21 ; tes:. 37^ millims. 

Reported from Silhat. 

The following three species are of doubtful position : — 

30. Ledra punctata, Walker, 
Ledra inmctata, Walkei*, List Horn. B. M. iii, p. 824, (1851). 

Testaceous, paler beneath : head and thorax broad, roughly punc- 
tured ; head very short- conical, narrower than the thorax, not arched, 
hardly ridged, very slightly concave along the hind border, with irregu- 
lar whitish reticulations ; its length less than half its breadth ; face 
with a furrow along each side : shield green on the disc, with irregular 
whitish reticulations in front and on each side, where it is slightly 
widened and angular : legs pale testaceous : tegmina almost colourless, 
punctured from the base to the tips, tinged with pale green and along 
the borders with pale brown ; tips darker brown ; veins very few : wings 
white {Walker). Body long, 7j ; teg. 15| millims. 

Reported from Malabar, 

31. Ledra lineata. Walker. 
Ledra lineata, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii, p. 830 (1851). 

Sti-amineous, fusiform : head and thorax flat ; head almost smooth, 
conical, almost as broad as the thorax, not arched nor ridged, with a 
slight rim, hardly sinuate along the hind border ; its length less than 
its breadth ; face flat on the disc, with very oblique and indistinct 
stritc on each side : shield minutely striated across ; scutellum with a 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Noles on Tmllan Rliyncliota. 95 

vsliglitly arclied transverse suture near the tip : tegmina wliitisli, semi- 
transj^arent ; veins bordered with a darker colour ; wings colourless 
OVallccr). Body long, 7^ : teg. 10\ millims. 
Reported from N. India. 

32. Ledra punctifera, Walker. 
Ledra punctifera. Walker, List Horn. B. M. Suppt. p. 249 (1858). 

Greenish-testaceous (pale green ? when alive) ; very minutely punc- 
tured, whitish testaceous beneath : head flat, short, conical, very slightly 
impressed on each side above, and with a very slight keel beneath : 
thorax with a very slight impression on each side : tegmina with ramose 
veins and with a black point in each disc towards the hind border : wings 
vitreous (WaJJier). Body long, li^ : teg. 25 millims. 

Reported from Darjeeling. 

Genus Ledropsis, White, 

A. M. N. H. xiv, p. 425 (1844). 

Head with its prolongation longer than wide, parallel in front of the 
eyes, as wide as the thorax, then gradually curved to the tip, which is 
somewhat obtuse ; ocelli on the same line with the front of the eyes and 
rather more distant from each other than from the eyes : eyes lai'ge but 
not very prominent ; prolongation hollowed out beneath, with a spear- 
shaped elevated ridge running down the middle, the base of which, on 
the face between the eyes, is hollowed out : antenna spring from a depres- 
sion in front of the eyes beneath, 3-jointed, the terminal joint ending in 
a longish bristle : thorax rounded in front, very deeply notched behind, 
the posterior angles truncately rounded : tegmina with many inclosed 
cells at the end, the veins robust : body elongate, margined beneath : 
tibite of posterior feet not dilated, serrated behind ( White) . 

33. Ledropsis obligens. Walker. 

Ledra ohligens, Walker, List Horn. B. M. Suppt. p. 251 (1858). 
Ledropsis ohligens, Stal, Of vers. K. V.-A. Porh. p. 495 (18G2). 

Reddish, very elongate-subf usif orm, testaceous beneath : head convex, 
elono-ate-conical, much longer than broad ; under side concave, with a 
very broad border, the middle compartment lanceolate, black towards 
the tip of the vertex : thorax convex : abdomen compressed, with a 
dorsal rido-e : tegmina tawny, reticulated ; veins very numerous with 
some whitish marks : wings greyish-vitreous ( Walker) . Body long 12| ; 
teg. 16| millims. 

Reported from India ? 



&G E. T. Atldnson — Noles on luJian Rliyucliota. [No, 2, 

Genus TiTUKiA, Stal. 

Ofv-ers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 158 (1865) ; Hem. Afric. iv. p. 102 (18GG). 

Body large, oblong : bead f oliaceous, clypeated, triangular, rounded at 
tlie apex, produced forwards and a little downwards, vertex flat ; frons 
narrow, flat : face beneatb tbe eyes, abruptly mucb narrowed, tbence 
gradually narrowed, margins very slightly amplified : eyes small : ocelli 
placed behind the iniddle of the vertex between the eyes, more distant 
from the eyes than from each other : thorax and vertex in the same 
plane, somewhat sloped, the former sexangular, angulately amplified on 
both sides, lateral margins acute, anterior margin straight, posterior 
mai'gin slightly sinuated : scutellum triangular : tegmina coriaceous, 
densely punctured, teotiform, reaching the apex of the abdoraen, clavus 
very broad in the middle, corium triangular, obliquely or roundly trun- 
cated behind the clavus ; veins irregularly anastomosed towards the 
apex, less elevated : feet somewhat short : anterior coxa3 free ; last tibia) 
I'smotely dentated above. Allied to Petalocejjhala, (Stal). 

34. TiTUKiA PLANATA, Fabricius. 

Memhracis planata, Fabr., Ent. Syst. iv. p. 11 (1794). 
Ledra planata, Fabr., Syst. Ehyng. p. 25 (1803). 

Epiclines ■planata, Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 578 (1843) ; Walker, 
List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 831 (1851). 

Epiclines hehes, Walker, Ins. Saxind. Horn. p. 100 (1858). 
Fetalocephala planata, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 501 (1862). 
Petalocephala expansa, Stal, Ofvers. 1. c. p. 158 (1865). 
Tituria planata, Stal, Hem. Fabr. ii. p. 59 (1869). 

Clypeus flat, triangular, entirely virescent, eyes obloiig, fuscous : pro- 
notum smooth, flat, virescent, produced on both sides in a flat point, 
strong, acute : tegmina virescent, immaculate ; body virescent (Fabr.). 
Olivaceous flavescent turning into virescent ; above with the proste- 
thium densely and distinctly punctured ; head above finely and spar- 
ingly punctured : costa sordidly flavescent : apex of the sj^ines of the 
last tibise fuscous ; * head obtusely triangular, more than twice as broad 
as long ; thorax much dilated on both sides, angles acute, the 
aiiterior margin of the dilated part about one third longer than the pos- 
terior margin, the latter infuscate ; the last ventral segment in the 9 
deeply sinuated at the apex (Stal). ?, body 18 : breadth of pronotum 
10 millims. 

Reported from Malacca, India, Tenasserim. 

Subfamily Proconiina, Stal. 
Ofrcrs. K. V.-A. Forb. p. 733 (IS70). 



1«85.] E. T. Aikinson — Notes on Indian Rliyuclioia. 97 

Genus Tettigonia, H. Geoffroy (in part). 
Hist. Ins. p. 429 (1764) : Signoret, A. S. E. F. (2 ser.) i. p. 13 (1852), 

Signoret (in Z. supra c.) reviews the history of the group, first esta- 
blished by Geoffroy, in his work describing the insects found in the neigh- 
bourhood of Paris, under the name Tettigonia. In 1794, Fabricius sepa- 
rated the same group in his Ent. Syst, (iv. p. 27) under the name Cicada, 
and in his Syst. Rhyn. (1803) formed from it the genera Jassus, Flata, 
and Cixius. In 1811, Latreille re-established Tettigonia, and, in 1821, 
(Mag. Ent. iv.) Germar reduced it by creating the genera Qypona, 
Ccelidea, and others. In 1825, Lepelletier de "St. Fargeau and Audinet- 
Serville (Enc. Meth. x. p. 600) formed two divisions, Tettigonia for those 
in which the head is rounded beyond the eyes and Proconia for those in 
which the head is conical. In 1829, Latreille (Regno Anim. 2nd ed., 
ii, 221) separated Giccus from Proconia, and, in 1832, De Laporte de 
Castelneau (A. S. E. F. i, p. 222) formed Germaria and Bhapliidorhinus. 
In 1835, Burmeister (Handb. ii, (i) j). 117) restored the Tettigonia of 
Latreille and Germar with four subdivisions, and, again in 1840, Blan- 
chard (Hist. Nat. Ins. iii) admits divisions only. In 1843, Amyot and 
Serville (Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 569) admit Tettigonia, Germaria, Giccus, 
Bhaphidorhinus, and Proconia, and add Aulacizes, Diestostemma, and 
Acopsis. In 1850, Spinola (Tav. Sin. Modena) created Diedrocepliala 
and WolfeUa, and, in the same year, Signoret created Bilohopterus (Rev, 
Zool. (2 ser.) ii, p. 284). In L851, Fitch formed Helochara for an 
American species, and, in the same year. Walker created Propetes. 

In 1852-54, Signoret (A. S. E. F. (3 ser.) i-iii.) keeps one genus 
and five groups, and notices some 396 species then recorded from till parts 
of the world, Stal, in 1869 (Hem, Fabr, ii, p. 59, note), includes the 
group in his subfamily Jassida and division Proconiida, preserving Ger- 
'inaria, Giccus, Diestostemma, Pliaphidorhimis, Proconia, and Tettigonia 
and adding a number of his own genera. In 1870, Stal (Ofvers. K. V.- 
A. Forh. p. 733) raises the group to the dignity of a subfaiiiily under 
the name Proconiina. In 1884, Taschenberg (Zeitsch. Nat. Wiss. Hallo, 
p, 431) sinks the genera and reviews the whole as one genus with sab- 
divisions running so closely the one into the other as not to afford good 
generic characters. After examining the figures given by Signoret, this 
appears to me to be the most reasonable solution of the difficulties coxi- 
nected with the arrangement of the insects belonging to this group, 
which now number nearly five hundred. 

35. Tettigonia semicieculauis, Signoret. 

Tettigonia semicircularis, Signoret, A. S, E. F. (3 ser.) i, p. 348, t. 10, f. 5 (1853) 
Walker, List B. M. Suppt. p. 219 (1858). 



98 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Tndian Rliyncliota. [No. 2, 

Head rounded anteriorly, yellow, with two frontal bands united on 
the clypeus, white : clypeus and rostrum black : two half moons united 
on the vertex, a median band and on each side two spots, black : prono- 
tum transverse with two bands, anterior one narrow and sinuated, poste- 
rior broad, uniting with the first, and on each side between them a 
transverse patch, black : scutellum with a semicircular band proceeding 
from the base, black : tegmina fuscous, with a farinose, powdery sub- 
stance ; lateral margins transparent : abdomen black with the sides and 
border of the segments, yellow ; exterior margin pale, bordered with 
black, anus white : feet yellow. Long 5-6 millims. 

Reported from Pondicherry. 

36, Tettigonia pavo, Signoret. 

Tettioonia pavo, Signoret, A. S. E. F. (3 ser.) i, p. 675, fc. 22, f. 4 (1853) : Wal- 
ker, List B. M. Suppt. p. 218 (1858). 

Bluish-black : head rounded, above bluish-black, beneath yellow 
with the frons and vertex between the eyes depressed : prothorax ante- 
riorly somewhat narrow, yellow, with five spots or joatches, black, of 
which three are on the anterior margin and two, corresponding to two 
on the base of the scutellum, are on the posterior margin : tegmina red, 
brown at the tips and exhibiting two bluish circles formed of an easily 
removeable farinose powder, one of these circles is on the cubital disc 
near the scu.tellary angle and the other is at the tip, half in the red part 
of the tegmen and half in the brown tip : wings brownish : abdomen 
bluish-black with the margins of the segments beneath, yellow : anal 
appendage as in T. ferruginea : feet yellow. Long 15 millims. 

Reported from Bengal. 

37. Tettigojs^ia ferruginea, Fabricius. 

Cicada ferruginea, Fabricius, Ent. Syst. iv. p. 32 (179-4) ; Suppt. p. 218 (1798) ; 
Syst. Rhyng. p. 62 (1803). 

Proconia ferruginea, Walker, List B. M. iii, p. 783 (1851). 

Teftigonia apicalis. Walker, List 1. c. p. 736, China. 

Tettigonia confinis. Walker, 1. c. p. 736, China. 

Tettigonia addita, Walker, 1. c. p. 737, Java. 

Tettigonia gemina, Walker, 1. c. p. 737, Java. 

Tettigonia obscura, Walker, 1. c. p. 738, B. India. 

Tettigonia duplex. Walker, 1. o. p. 738, — ? 

Tettigonia reducta, Walker, 1. c. p. 739, Ilong Kong. 

Tettigonia longa. Walker, 1. c. p. 740, Philippines. 

Tettigonia immaculata, Walker, 1. c. p. 740, Quito ? 

Tettigonia con finis, Walker, 1. c. -p. 745, — ? 

Tettigonia ferruginea, Gormar, Mag. Ent. iv. p. 09 (1821) : Signoret, Eev. Zool. 
p. 176 (1853) ; A. S. E. F. (3 ser.) i, p. 676, t. 22, f. 5 (1853) : Walker, List B. M. 
Suppt. p. 218 (1858). 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 99 

Fabricius describes this species tluis : — " Head, tliorax and scutel- 
lum spotted witli black : tegmina red : wings wliite. Of median size : 
head glaucous, with band at the base of the rostrum, and dot on the 
frons and vertex, dull black : thorax sub-cinereo^lS with an anterior 
spot and two posterior spots common to the scutellum, black : scutellum 
concoloroiis, with the two common spots at the base and one towards the 
apex, dull black : tegmina ferruginous, a little lighter at the tips : body 
and wings black." Signoret notes that the form of the anal appendage 
in the 9 distinguishes this species. This is very large, deeply emargiu- 
ate, covering a great part of the vulvar plates, more or less round on 
the sides and in shape like two approximated lobes. Walker describes 
his different species as varying from tawny to red-lead colou.r, testace- 
ous, luteous or orange : the tips of the tegmina are black, lurid or brown : 
posterior margins of abdominal segments and tip of abdomen, red, 
tawny, luteous or ferruginous, so that the form of the anal appendage in 
the 2 is the most steady character for distinguishing a species so variable 
in colour. Body long, 14-20 millims. 

The Indian Museum possesses specimens from Sumatra, Tenasserim, 
Arakan, Sikkim, and Assam. 

38. Tettigonia unimaculata, Signoret. 

Tettigonia unimaculata, Signoret, A. S. E. P. (3 ser. ii. p. 26 (1854) : Stal, Of- 
vers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 734 (1870). 

Tettigonia kinhergi, Stal, Freg. Bug. Resa, Ins. p. 288 (1859). 

Whitish with yellow veins : head triangularly rounded in front 
with a black spot between the ocelli and on both sides, above the antennal 
margin, near the eyes : ocelli blackish and placed in a deej) groove : 
basal band on thorax produced subtriangularly in the middle and two 
basal spots on the scutellum, black : pronotum very convex in front, 
straight behind above the scutellum, anteriorly transversly furrowed : 
tegmina fuscous or yellow- white with the streaks a little brown, costal 
half, whitish hyaline : abdomen and feet yellowish white ; vertex im- 
pressed on both sides. Allied to T. albida, Walker, from which it differs 
in its smaller size, narrower head, anteriorly more or less obtusely roundly- 
subangulated, in wanting the median black apical spot, in the thorax 
being more narrowed forwards, posteriorly a little broader than the head, 
and especially by the cavities on each side in front of the eyes in which 
are inserted the ocelli (Sign., StalJ 5 Body long, 5 : broad, 1| millims. 

Reported from Philippines, Malacca, India. 

39. Tettigonia bella. Walker. 
Tettigonia hella, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii, p. 778 (1851) : Signoret, A. S, E, 
F. (3 ser.) ii. p. 10, t. 1, f. 8 (1851). 



100 E. T. Atkinson — Kales on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 2, 

Black, striated and sj)otted yellow ; head as broad as the thorax, 
angularly rounded in front, somewhat concave jDOsteriorly ; vertex with 
a stripe, a band on the posterior margin and a curved stripe on each side, 
frons and face with spots on each side and some larger marks in the 
middle, yellow ; three pair of large contiguous luteous spots on the head 
beneath, one of these on the clypeus : thorax black, with a curved 
yellow band on each side : scutellum black : tegmina black, with eight 
yellow jDatches or spots ; two oblique, basal ; two sutural forming a 
patch common to the two tegmina and four marginal; of tlie latter those 
on each side nearer the base, four times longer than the others, tips lurid: 
abdomen black or purple, tawny at the tip beneath ; legs testaceous, 
anterior femora marked with black : wings brown, irridescent, pale gray 
towards the base. In some cases the marks on the tegmina are oblong 
angular, more like longitudinal bands than spots (Sign., Walk.). Long 
5|-6 ; teg. 12^ millims. 

Reported from N. India, Silhat. 

40. Tettigonia assamensis, Distant. 

Tettigonia assamensis, Distant, Ent. M. M. xvi, p. 203 (1880). 

Head pale yellow, with a black fascia occupying the space between 
the ocelli ; pronotum creamy white, the lateral margins carmine and six 
black spots situated transversely, two smallest near anterior margin and 
the four larger across the disc. Scutellum pale yellow with three black 
spots, two basal and one subapical : tegmina pale creamy white with a 
broad longitudinal subcostal carmine band, commencing near the base 
and extending to about the middle ; a black narrow oblique band nearly 
crossing the tegmina at the base and at commencement of the carmine 
band and five dark fuscous spots situated, one in centre of carmine baud, 
three wide apart, longitudinally on the disc, and one at the marginal 
apex of the coriaceous portion : wings dark fuscous with the apical bor- 
ders broadly creamy white : abdomen above pitchy, underside of body 
pitchy ; legs luteous and tarsi pitchy ; face orange yellow with a large 
crescent-shaped black fascia about its centre and a small black spot 
at the base : the head is rounded in front, miich broader than long, and 
transversely channelled on the disc (Distant). Body long, 13 millims. 

Reported from Assam. 

41. Tettigonia extrema, Walker. 

Tettigonia extrema, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii, p. 761 (1851) : Signoret, A. S. 
E. F. (3 scr.) i, p. 663, t. 21, f. 4 (1853) : Stal, Ofvcrs. K. V.-A. Porb. p. 495 
(1862). 

Euacanthus extreiiiv.s, Distant, Soicnt. Res, 2ud Yarkaud Mission, p. 15 (1870). 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Nofes on Indian Rliyncliota. 101 

Pale yellow : head luteous ; vertex semicircular in front, hardly 
concave on the posterior margin, with a slight ridge on the disc which is 
mostly occupied by a black mnshroom-shaped patch of which the stalk 
rests on the posterior margin between the ocelli ; face smooth, shining, 
with a slight ridge and on each side with indistinct oblique striae : tho- 
rax with a median obconical patch and a rounded spot on each side, also 
scutellum and abdomen, brownish black : tegmina yellow with an elon- 
gated subtriangular blackish- brown stripe towards the interior margin 
and a similar stripe along the costa almost to the apex, gradually much 
amplified towards the apex and itself striped -psler : wings dark brown 
{Walk., Sign.) Body long 6| ; teg. long 13k millims. 

Reported from IST. India, Murree. 

42. Tettigonia quadrilineata, Signoret. 

TetHgonia quadrilineata, Signoret, A. S. B. F. (3 ser.) i, p. 669, t. 21, f. 12, 
(1853) : Walker, List Horn. B. M. Suppt. p. 218 (1858). 

Head, thorax, and scutellum yellow, with two median stripes from 
the vertex to the posterior margin of the thorax, a fine line between these 
stripes on the vertex, a stripe on the lateral borders of the thorax, and 
three spots on the scutellum, dark brown : tegmina red with interrupted 
narrow longitudinal black lines, irregularly disposed in rows, tips pale. 
Long 12 millims. 

Reported from E. India. 

43. Tettigonia rubromaculata, Signoret. 

Tettigonia cardinalis, Walker (nee Fabricins), List Horn. B. M. iii, p. 744 (1851). 
Tettigonia ruhromacxdata, Signoret, A. S. E. F. (3 ser.) i, p. 668, t. 21, f. 11 (1853) 
Walker, List. 1. c. Snppt. p. 218 (1858). 

Above deep black : head with an irregular angular black mark on 
the vertex, including a subquadrate black mark which proceeds from 
the hind border : face flat with two black stripes which unite on the 
clypeus, sides tawny ; rostrum piceous : thorax with a transverse band 
and lateral bands, red : scutellum red with two triangular spots, their 
bases resting on the anterior margin and a sagittate mark near the apices 
of those spots, black : tegmina black with a number of uninterrupted 
longitudinal red streaks, the ends of most of which on each tegmen meet 
the ends of the corresponding streaks on the other tegmen : wings with 
a metallic tinge : tip of abdomen red; legs red, feet tawny (Sign.). 
Long with teg. 12-14 millims. 

Reported from Nepal : the Indian Museum possesses specimens 
from Sikkim and Sibsagar (Assam) . 
14 



102 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on LicUan Rliyncliota. [No. 2, 

44. Tettigonia opponens, Walker. 

Tetfigonia opponens, "Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii, p. 757 (1851) : Signoret, A. S. 
E. F. (3 ser.) i, p. 667, t. 21, f. 10 (1853). 

Black : head and thorax slightly convex, head bright orange, con- 
cave along the posterior mai'gin, more convex in front, with two clavate 
stripes and a spot between the tips of the stripes, black ; beneath pale 
yellow, twice broader than long ; face oval with a flat pale orange disc, 
a black stripe along two-thirds ef each side is united to a black stripe on 
the clypeus, which is ridged and slightly compressed ; rostrum pale 
yellow : thorax with a broad orange band which is sometimes half inter- 
rupted on the hind border and is waved along the fore border near each 
side of which it includes a little black cross streak, also a large subqua- 
drate orange spot whose hind border is notched on each side near the tip 
of the scutellum which is tawny ; legs pale yellow : tegmina dark grey 
with three orange stripes, costal and mediau united at the base, interior 
hardly extending beyond the middle, veins brown (Walk., Sign.). Loug 
12 luillims. 

Reported from N. India. 

Subfamily Acocephahna, Signoret. 

Acocephalidce, Fieber, Kat. p. 10 (1872) : Acocephalides, Puton, Signoret, A. S. 
E. F. (5 ser.) ix, p. 47 (1879). 

45. AcocEPHALUS STBAMiNEUS, Walker. 

Acocephalus straminev,s, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii, p. 847 (1851) ; Stal, Ofvers. 
K. V.-A. Forli. p. 494 (1862) : Signoret, A. S. E. P. (5 ser.) ix, p. 88 (1879). 

Bijthoscopus stramineus, Distant, Scient. Ees. 2nd Yarkand Miss. p. 18 (1879). 
Bythoscopus iiidicatus, Walker, List 1. c. Sujipt. p. 266 (1858). 

Pale testaceous ; head slightly rugose, a little narrower than the 
thorax, rounded and almost semicircular in front, less sinuate behind ; 
about four times broader than long ; vertex longer in the middle than on 
tlie sides ; two black dots on the anterior border which forms a slight 
rim ; face flat, broad, punctured : thorax transversely striated : scutel- 
lum very slightly punctm-ed : tegmina almost colourless, punctured 
nearly to the tips, pale testaceous towards the base : wings colourless 
(Walker). Body long, 9| ; teg. 21 millims. 

Reported from Celebes, Java, IS". China, Sind valley. 

Genus Hecalus, Stal. 

A. S. E. F. (4 ser.) iv, p. 65 (1864) : Hem. Afric. iv, p. 113 (1866) : Signoret, A. 
S. E. F. (5 ser.) ix, p. 266 (1879) : inclades Glossocraf us, Fieber (Rev. Mag. Zool* 
(3Ber.)ii, p. 403, 1875). 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson— iVoi^es on Indian Rliynchota. 108 

Body oblong or elongate, depressed : head somewliat large or some- 
what so produced, apical margin acute, more or less broadly foliaceous : 
face dilated, somewhat deeply sinuated below the eyes ; frons a little 
convex : eyes small or moderate : ocelli placed on the apical margin of 
the head or at or near the eyes : thorax transverse, very obtusely round- 
ed at the apex : scutellum triangular, a little broader than long : tegmi- 
na almost as long as the abdomen, margined at the apex, valvate behind 
the clavus, with five apical areas : feet moderate, posterior tibife very 
spinose. Allied to Siva, Stal, but differs in the head larger, more pro- 
duced, margin foliaceous (Stal). 

46. Hecalus sulcatus, Fieber. 

Glossocratus sulcatus, Fieber, Verh. K. K. Zool.-bot. Gesell. Wien. xvi, p. 513, t. 
7, f. 13 (1866). 

Hecalus sulcatus, Signoret, A. S. E. F. (5 ser.) is, p. 272, t. 8, f. 28 (1879). 
Sordid yelloAV : vertex parallel, parabolic in front, angles very ob- 
tusely rounded : prothorax with four elongated cavities in front, finely 
striated transversely behind : tegmina transparent, as long as the abdo- 
men : veins strong, yellowish, not margined ; a blackish dot at the point 
of the clavus : abdomen above with two bands of small brown patches, 
two at the base of each segment : feet entirely sordid yellow, unicolo- 
rous : ventral segments parallel, median lobe obtusely salient, sides sinua- 
ted (Fieher). $, body long, 11 millims. 

Reported from E. India. Signoret considers this species to be probably 
one with H. yarva, Walker (List iii, p. 828), though he gives the latter 
also with a ? as a synonym possibly of H. paykulli, Stal, who, however, 
makes it a Selenocephalus in Of vers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 494 (1862). 

47. Hecalus patkulli, Stal. 

Petalocephala payhulU, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 252 (1854). 

Hecai'itspay/atZii, Stal, A. S. E. F. (4 ser.), iv, p. 64 (1864): Signoret, ibid. 
(5 ser.) ix, p. 270 (1879), t. 7, f. 26. 

Sordid whitish-yellow, smooth, shining, clouded with brown on the 
vertex, the length of the median line, and transversely on the prothorax, 
the tegmina and the veins of the same colour but with a brown line on 
each side. Head defined on the margin only, one and half times longer 
than the j)i"othorax, as long as broad between the eyes, angularly round- 
ed, the sides almost parallel above the eyes, then forming an angle 
at the tip ; two excavations on the vertex on each side. Frons convex 
with a foliaceous border anteriorly, grooved on the sides, border con- 
cave above the clypeus which is itself broader at the base than at the 
tips but showing its greatest breadth in the middle, carinate in its 
median part. Rostrum very short. Genoe with the tip oblique from the 



104 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. [No. 2, 

clypeus to the eye forming a very acute angle, concave, sinuous towards 
the clypeus then emarginate, concave near the eye. The prothorax a 
little more than twice broader than long, finely striated transversely in 
the posterior half and with several less marked impressions anteriorly. 
Tegmina opaque with four discoidal areas of which two are anteapical, 
fi.ve apical areas and three in the marginal space ; a black dot occurs at 
the tip of the claval angle. Wings hyaline with the third sector re- 
united at the internal branch of the bifurcation of the second sector, 
then bifurcate and forming a long angular cell. Pectus and abdomen 
yellow : the latter a little deeper towards the base of the dorsal segments. 
i has last segment of the abdomen hardly longer than the preceding, 
apical margin straight ; a very small genital appendage ; genital plates 
very narrow at the tip almost as long as the hypopygium and pubescent 
on the sides ; the hypopygium a little broader and pubescent, the anal 
tube is surrounded by it and extends beyond it by very little. The 2 
has the last segment twice as long as the pi'eceding, convex at the supe- 
rior margin, angular in the middle and weakly siuuated on each side ; 
the genital appendages or valvules are more than twice as long as the 
preceding and the oviduct extends beyond them by about one-third 
{Signoret). Stal writes : — Shining, sordid whitish-yellow ; head (eyes 
excepted) almost equally long and broad, longer by half than the thorax, 
anteriorly slightly narrowed, smoothish : tegmina opaque ; eyes fuscous. 
(J Body long 5 ; broad, hardly 2 millims : 2 , body long 6 ; broad, 2 
millims : Stal gives ? long 8| ; breadth thorax 2 millims. 
Reported from China, Senegal, (Australia ?), Silhat. 

Genus Thomsoniella, Signoret. 
A. S. E. F. (5 scr.) x, p. 52 (1880). 

Separated from Hecahis, Stal, by the presence of six discoidal areo- 
las. Body depressed : head prolonged in front, foliaceous on the ante- 
rior margin of the vertex, with a groove throughout its entire length, 
vertex depressed, also the frous, the latter with the grooves and lateral 
sutures extending to the anterior border of the head : gente sinuated, 
rounded in the middle : the lores occupying the entire space between the 
margin of the genaa and the frontal suture : sides of clypeus almost 
parallel, rounded at the tip, one and half times longer than broad : jjro- 
thorax transverse, almost broader than the head with the eyes : tegmina 
transparent hyaline with a narrow marginal limbus : rest as in Hecalus 
(^Signoret) . 

48. Thomsoniella kirschbaumii, Stal. 

Hecalus hirschhmmiii, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 737 (1870). 
Thomsoniella hirschhaximii, Signoret, A. S. E. F. (5 ser.) x, p. 52, t. 1, f. 44 
(1880). 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 105 

Pale yellow, sliining', with a dot at the tip of the clavus and on the 
middle of the first apical area, black : anterior naargin of vertex blackish. 
Head a little shorter than broad between the eyes, the anterior margin 
weakly angularly rounded and reflexed, vertex concave, ocelli in the 
groove very close to the eyes. Frons convex, almost as long as broad, the 
sides much rounded : genge broad with the angle very obtusely rounded. 
Prothoi-ax convex anteriorly, concave behind, the lateral margins very 
slightly convex, almost parallel ; finely, transversely striated. Clypeus 
with the sides parallel, rounded at the tip. Tegmina rounded at the tips 
with four broad apical and six discoidal cells, the sixth comprising a 
small hexagonal cellule with equal sides before the third apical cell ; there 
is also a suj)plementary cellule ; limbus very narrow, a transverse vein 
between the two veins of the clavus. Abdomen long, the last segment (?) 
twice as long as the penultimate with the margin sinuous, emarginate 
in the middle and furnished with a rounded inedian lobe ; valvules one 
half longer and the oviduct extending beyond them by a third. $ , 
body long, 6 ; broad, 2 millims. 

Reported from Philippines, Ceylon, India. 

Resembles P. wallengrenii, Stal, but differs in the m.ore rounded 
head, in the number of discoidal cellules, and in the groove on the border 
of the head (^Sign.). 

Genus Selenocbphalus, Germar. 

Silbermann's Rev. Ent. i, p. 180 (183.3) : Burmeister, Handb. ii, (i), ji. Ill 
(1835) : Amyot and Serville, Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 583 (1843) : Stal, Hem. Afric, 
iv, p. 108 (1866) : Fieber, Eev. Mag. Zool. (3 ser.) iii, p. 399 (1875). 

Body oblong : head short, broadly rounded at the apex, apical mar- 
gin "\Vith a furrow : vertex flat, horizontal : face dilated, depressed at the 
base, lateral margins slightly sinuated beneath the eyes : ocelli placed 
in the furrow of the apical margin of the head at or near the eyes : thorax 
transverse, rounded anteriorly : scutellum a little broader than long, 
triangular : tegmina extending beyond the apex of the abdomen, mem- 
branous, margined at the apex, valvate behind the clavus, with 4<-5 apical 
areas : feet moderate, posterior tibiae, a little compressed, very spinose 
(Stal). 

49. Selenocephalus egregius, Stal. 

Selenocephalus egregius, Stal, A. S. E. F. (4 ser.) iv, p. 66 (18G4) : Signoret, 
ibid. (5 ser.) x, p. 62, t. 2, f. 52 (1880). 

Light olive green, smooth ; vermillion spots on the head, protho- 
rax and scutellum, glossy. Head very little broader than the prothorax, 
rounded in front ; vertex not longer in the middle than towards the 



106 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliynchota. [No. 2, 

eyes, with a biarcuated band of vermilliou, margin -witli a slight 
groove, ocelli a little distant from the eyes ; frons with the sutures 
concave, then convex at the tip, weakly impressed in front. Clypeus 
one and half times longer than broad, spatuliform ; lores much round- 
ed ; geuEe broad, tijj convex, a little sinuate in front of the sub- 
ocular j)iece. Prothoi'ax two and half time broader than long, thrice 
longer than the vertex and with a vermillion band in front which starting 
from the middle of the anterior margin proceeds obliquely towards the 
middle of the lateral borders where it ends in a round spot. Scutellum 
broader than long with four round dots at the base, two lateral towards 
the transverse stria and the tip, vermilliou. Tegmina hyaline golden-yel- 
low with the side strong and vermillion up to beyond the middle, veins 
blackish, the transverse blacker and with two lateral spots along the 
border, three at the suture and the extremity, black. Wings slightly 
infuscate with a lighter space in the supplementary cellule : body and 
feet yellow olive with deeper shades at the base of the abdominal seg- 
ments : last ventral segment in ? scarcely longer than the preceding, 
emarginate in the middle with a median lobe, the sides very oblique, 
trilobate : valvules thick, round, pubescent at the extremity ; hairs yellow 
at the base, black at the tip : oviduct blackish just extending beyond 
the valvules (Sign.). 5, body long, 8 millims. 
Reported from Burma. 

50. Selenocephalus culteatus, Walker. 

Ledra culohata, "Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii, p. 827 (1851). 

Ledra cultrata, Walker, 1. c. iv, p. 115!) (1851). 

Selenocephalus cultratus, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forli. p. 494 (1862). 

Testaceous, almost fusiform ; head conical, as broad as the thorax, 
shagreened, very slightly arched, very slightly concave along the hind 
border, with a very indistinct middle ridge, on each side of which there 
is a very slight furrow ; its length a little less than its breadth ; sides 
slightly angular ; fore-part of the underside with slight diverging ridges 
which are at right angles to the slight oblique ridges on each side of the 
face ; a piceous spot in front of each eye : ocelli near the hind border : 
thorax very slightly convex, hardly striated transversely, indistinctly im- 
pressed on each side ; scutellum with a slight arched transverse suture 
near the tip : abdomen as broad as the thorax with seven slight black 
stripes : legs marked with black : tegmina pale testaceous, not punctur- 
ed : wings colourless ( Walker). Body long 10 ; teg. 14| millims. 

Reported from India. 

Genus Petalocephala, Stal. 
Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 266 (1856) ; Hem. Afric. iv, p. 103 (1866). 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson— iVofes on Indian Rliyncliota. 107 

Body very oblong or a little elongate, depressed : liead clypeated, 
foliaceoTis, produced anteriorly ; vertex somewliat flattish ; face beneath 
tlie eyes abruptly very much narrowed, thence gradually, margins very 
slightly defined ; frons small, narrow, flattish : eyes small : ocelli situate 
towards the base of the vertex, more distant from the eyes than 
from each other : thorax transverse, sexangular, not or only very slightly 
narrowed forwards, lateral margins acute, antei'ior-lateral much longer 
than posterior-lateral, anterior margin slightly rounded : scutellum 
triangular, subequilateral : tegmina subcoriaceous, jaellucid, densely 
punctured, tectiform anteriorly conjointly convex, clavus very broad 
before the middle, corium obliquely rounded at the apex, veins irregular- 
ly anastomosed towards the apex, less distinct : feet somewhat short ; 
first coxae free ; last tibige above remotely dentated. Type Petalocejpliala 
bohemani (Stal). 

51. Petalocephala chloeocephala. Walker. 

Lech-a chlovocephalus, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii, jj. 825 (1851). 
Petalocephala cJilnrocephala, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forli. jj. 49-1 (18G2). 

Testaceous, paler beneath, almost fusiform ; head and thoi-ax thickly 
punctured ; head flat, conical, as broad as the thorax, very slightly arch- 
ed, very slightly concave along the hind border, green in front with a 
median ridge ; its length a little more than half its breadth ; three 
ridges beneath, the middle one tapering to the fore border, the side pair 
curved outward : thorax almost flat, shield tinged with green on each side 
of the hind border : legs pale testaceous : tegmina almost colourless, 
testaceous towards the base, brown at the tips, with a small black spot 
in each disc: wings colourless (Walker). <?, body long, 10 ; teg. 20 mil- 
lims. 

Reported from N. India. 

Geniis Siva, Spinola. 

Gen. Ins. Artr., p. 167 (1852) : Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 112 (1866) : Signoret, A. 
S. E. F. (5 ser.) x, p. 197 (1880). 

Body very oblong, somewhat depressed, above slightly convex : 
head narrower than the thorax, short, rounded anteriorly or obtusely 
rounded subangularly, anterior margin somewhat acute but not folia- 
ceous : vertex horizontal, flat, about twice broader than the eyes ; face 
dilated, frons and clypeus somewhat flat ; frons longer than broad ; 
clypeus spatuliform ; genas broad with the angle more or less angular 
and more or less emarginate : ocelli placed at the eyes on the anterior 
margin of the head : thorax transverse, narrowed forwards, twice 
broader than long, slightly rounded at the apex, almost straight above 



108 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. [No. 2, 

tlie scntellum, lateral margins acute : scutellum triangular, a little 
broader than long : tegmina barely extending beyond the tip of the 
abdomen, tip narrow, irregularly veined : feet moderate, last femora 
compressed, last tibige very spinose. Allied to Selenocejthalus. 

52. Siva strigicollis, Spinola. 

Siva strigicollis, Spinola, Tav. Sinot. p. 127 (1852) : Signoret, A. S. E. F. (5 ser.) 
X, p. 198, t. 6, f, 64 (1880). 

Selenocephaliis costalis, Stal, Freg. Etig, Resa, Ins. p. 290 (1859) : A. S. B. F. 
(4 ser.) iv, p. 66 (1864) ? . 

Siva costalis, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 736 (1870) $. 

Very pale yellow with two black spots on the tip of the vertex 
and one at the tip of each clavus : head and j^ronotum striated transverse- 
ly. Head narrower than the pronotum, round in front, thickened and re- 
flexed, with two small black median spots, a median line and slight trans- 
verse striae ; breadth between the eyes a little smaller than the eyes toge- 
ther : face transversely striated, stronger and more oblique on the sides : 
frons longer than broad, flat at the base, more convex at the tip, the 
grooves and base of a brighter citron yellow : gense with parallel circu- 
lar streaks on the upper border which is circular, slightly sinuate be- 
neath the eyes, the portion below the eyes and antennae, glossy : cly- 
peus twice longer than broad, broadly spatulif orm at the tip, transversely 
striated and a little carinate at the base : lores longer than broad. Pro- 
notum twice broader than long, grooved strongly and almost parallel, 
anterior border slightly convex, sides oblique and posterior border almost 
straight, angles oblique : scutellum broader than long with three spaces 
bounded by the angles, those at the base almost glossy, that at the tip, 
strongly transversely striated. Tegmina rugose, punctured, longer than 
the abdomen, veins strong : wdngs large, milky. Pectus yellow with 
paler spaces ; feet yellow, femora flat, posterior tibiae very spiny : abdo- 
men uniform yellow. 

6 last ventral segment much larger than the penultimate but less 
broad, pubescent, almost square with the apical margin almost straight 
a little sinuate in the rhiddle, angles round ; covering almost entirely 
the plates of the genitalia and of half the hypopygium ; the former very 
narrow, slightly pubescent ; the latter forming two valves irregularly 
rounded at the tip and armed on the disc and sides with a few spiny 
hairs. 

? last ventral segment a little longer on the sides than the penulti- 
mate not longer in the middle, lateral angles, acute, round at the tip, 
the middle concave, without sinuosities : the valvules four times longer, 
hardly pubescent, extending a little beyond the oviduct which is short 



1SS5.] E. T. Aik'mson—Kofej on I,nVan Rlijnchota. 109 

and enclosed by tlie dorsal tip of the valvnlcs, the anal tip visible from 
below, invisible from above (Sign.). Body long, 10-11 millims. 
Reported from Philippines, Coromandel, India, 

Genus Drabescus, Stal. 

Subgenus, Ofvers. Kong. Vet. Aka. Forh. p. 738 (1870) : Dahrescits, Signorefc, 
A. S. E. F. (5 ser.) x, p. 207 (1880). 

Ocelli remote from the eyes, almost more distant than the antennre : 
anterior tibias above broadly subsulcate, superior margin of the hrst 
tibia3 distinctly dilated : formed from 8elenoce}jhalas. 

53. Draeescus NERVosopuNCTATcrs, Signoret. 

Dahrescus nervosoimnctatus, Signoret, A. S, E. F. (5 ser.) x, p. 209, t. 7, f. 72 
(1880). 

Yellow, spotted with brown : vertex very shoi-t, at least four times 
broader than long between the eyes, a little longer towards the c^^es 
than in the middle ; in front a blackish patch and in the middle, a black 
median line : ocelli as distant from the eyes as from the median line : 
frons black, very finely rugose, almost as long as broad at the base 
which is yellowish, but bounded on the margin itself of the head by a 
blacker line which is continued on the eyes in a lighter shade. Scrobe 
oblique reaching the vertex at the level of the eyes. Clypeus black, 
carinate, spatuliform, rugose and with two small excavations at the tip : 
Genae yellow with a blackish spot beneath the antennre which is punc- 
tured with yellow dots ; almost as broad as long, with the border free, 
straight from the clypeus to the external angle of the eye with a weak 
sinuosity above the anterior coxEe and a stronger beneath the eyes. An- 
tennge very short, yellow, the base of the second joint and the third joint 
black. Pronotum nearly thrice broader than long, yellow-brown, with 
brown spots furnished with light yellow round dots ; finely striated 
transversely in all its length. Scutellum bro^m, with irregular, long ois 
round dots, yellow. Tegmina golden-yellow hyaline, in ajipearance 
rugose, and furnished with brown veins, almost black with white dots 
regularly placed, the side brown, punctured white ; in addition a band at 
the basal third and almost the upper half, brown, lighter in the middle 
but forming deep spots on the side in a line with the transverse discoidal 
vein on the suture at the level of the tip of the clavus, in a line with the 
transverse veins of the apical cellules ; extremity of the apical cellules and 
the limbus, blackish. Wings hyaline, inf uscate at the tip : pectus and feet 
yellowish brown ; base of the spines of the posterior tibige and the tip 
of the claws, blackish : abdomen yellow, with the median part of the 
15 



110 E. T. Atkinson — Nofes on Indian Rliyncliota. [No. 2, 

dorsum broacll}', a naiTow median band ou tlie venter, the tip of the last 
segment and the oviduct, black. ? with last segment twice as long as 
the preceding, weakly sinuate at the tip with a very small extension in 
the middle (Sign.). 9, body long, 10 ; broad, 8| millims. 
Reported from N. India. 

54. Drabescus angulatus, Signoret. 
Dahrescus cmgwlatus, Signoret, A. S. E. F. (5 ser.) x. p. 210, t. 7, f. 73 (1880). 

In appearance very like D. nervoso-pundatus, Sign., from which it 
differs by the vertex being angular in the middle, frons longer, tegmina 
rugose although hyaline, the rugosities very close to each other, yellow, 
whitish at the tip and streaked with black in the hollows which they 
form, veins brown alternated with white dots, clavus with two transverse 
veinlets, one between the two veins and the other between the anal vein 
and the claval suture. Tegmina with a white, rugose, hyaline, basal 
band ; a broad band, streaked black ; a white hyaline band ; a broad band 
streaked with black on the anteapical areas ; further the length of the 
apical cellules, of a golden hyaline, yellow, glossy not rugose, the margi- 
nal border deeper inf uscate with a brown spot at the tip of the fourth 
external apical area. 

Vertex veiy short angularly rounded in front, a little longer in the 
middle than towards the eyes, concave in the latter direction, convex in 
the middle, the extreme edge forming a light yellow ridge bounded on 
the vertex by a black line, on the frons by a black band confluent with 
the frons itself which is black, yellowish brown at the tip and along 
the sides ; longitudinally striated and without latei-al gi'ooves. The re- 
mainder as in D. nervosopunctatus, except that the ? has the last ventral 
segment strongly emarginate in the middle, sinuated on the sides, the 
angles angularly rounded, and at this point twice as long as the isreccd- 
ing segment, although in the middle it is hardly as long. Oviduct and 
genital plates yellow, the latter a little shorter of the two (Sign.). 
Body long, 9 : broad 3 millims. 

Reported from N. India. 

Subfamil}^ Jassina, Stal. 
Ofvers. K. V-A. Forh. (pt.) p. 735 (1870). 

Genus Jassus, Fabricius. 

Syst. Rhyng. p. 85 (1803) : Stal, Hem. Afric. iv. p. 119 (1866) : Spangberg, 
Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. no 8 p. 3 (1878) : Cwlidia, Germar, Burmeister. 

Body oblong, subcylindrical ; head a little narrower than the thorax, 
obtuse or very obtuse on the anterior margin : vertex horizontal, a little 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhjncliota. Ill 

narrower than tlie eyes, gradually somewhat amplified forwards ; face 
dilated, more or less reclined, frons occupying the greatest part of the 
intraocular breadth of the face, very slightly convex ; clypeus produced 
and amplified at the apes, truncated : ocelli situate on the apical margin 
of the head near the eyes : thorax transverse, short, shorter than the 
scutellum : scutelium hardly shorter than long, siTbequilateral, large : 
tegmina margined at the apex, valvate behind the clavus, with five apical 
areas : feet somewhat long; posterior tibite very spinose (Stal). 

55. Jassus deplanatus, Spangberg. 

Jass^is deplariatus, Spangberg, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. no 8, p. 23 (1879). 
? Ccelidia indica, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 855 (1851). 
? Tettigonia jactans, Walker, 1. c. Suppt. p. 357 (1858). 

Sordid yellowish white ; vertex, face and feet weakly subferrugi- 
nous yellowish, sides of frons weakly cinnabar : pronotum and scutellum 
black-fuscous, the former with sordidly flavescent- white granules ; pec- 
tus and abdomen black, the former more or less spotted with flavescent, 
segments of the latter, posteriorly, narrowly margined with sordid yel- 
low ; tegmina sordidly flavescent white, densely spotted with fuscous ; 
costal spot a little beyond the middle subtriangular, large, soi'didly 
whitish hyaline and a fuscous spot j^laced behind the preceding, both 
fuscescent at the apex, veins more obscure, fuscous, sordidly spotted 
with white : wings fuscescent. The last segment of the abdomen in the 
2 almost twice as long as the penultimate, slightly sinuated on both sides 
at the apex, median lobe somewhat produced, rounded posteriorly {Sj^cmg- 
berg). $, body long, 8 ; broad, 2^ : body and tegmina long, 9 millims. 

Reported from E. India. 

Genus Thamnotbttix, Zetterstedt, 
Ins. Lapp. p. 292 (1840) : Stal, Hem. Afric. p. 101, 122 (1866) : Scott, B. M. M. 
xii. p. 21 (1875). 

Body oval or very oblong : head variable in breadth and cliape, 
obtuse or very obtuse on the anterior margin : vertex horizontal : face 
dilated, reclined, slightly convex ; frons occupying the greatest part of 
the intraocular breadth of the face : ocelli placed on the anterior 
margin of the head at or near the eyes : thorax transverse : scutellum 
moderate or small, equal in length to the thorax or shorter: tegmina 
membranous with 4-5 apical areas, most often valvate and margined at 
the apex : feet moderate, posterior tibiaa, very sj)inose (Stal). 

56. Thamnotettix bipunctata, Fabricius. 

Cicada S-punctata, Fabricius, Syst. Rhyng. p. 78 (1803). 
Thamnotettix bvpimctata, Stal, Hem, Fabr. ii. p. 82 (18(39). 



112 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. [No. 2, 

Yellowish green, sliiniiig, smooth : frons (except the lateral margins) 
entii'e lores or beneath the middle, a spot before the middle and the api- 
cal two-fifths of corium and lateral spots on the pectus and abdomen, 
black, tlie incisni^es of the abdomen greeniah-yellow : wings infuscate. $ , 
body long 4| ; broad, 1^ millims. 

Reported from Tranquebar. Head scarcely as broad as the thorax 
and a little shorter very obtusely roundly subangulate : vertex about 
twice as broad as the eyes, hardly twice as broad as long, slightly im- 
pressed within the anterior margin ; face very slightly convex : thorax 
hardly more than two and half times broader than long, obtusely rounded 
anteriorly : tegmina rounded at the apex, valvate behind the clavus 
(Stal). 

Genus Hylica, Stal. 
Stal, Trans. Ent. Soc. Loud. (3 ser.) i. p. 593 (1863). 

Body oblong-obovate : head acutely produced, face somewhat re- 
clined : ocelli placed on the upper part of the head, near the anterior 
angles of the eyes : rostrum very short : thorax somewhat elevated 
backwards, tuberculated, anterior lateral margins long, anterior middle 
angularly produced : scutellum elevated, tuberculated : tegmina subcoria- 
ceous, broadly membranously margined at the apex : abdomen broader 
than the tegmina, posterior segments acutely lobed and reflexed on both 
sides : feet somewhat short, anterior tibiee above somewhat dilated, pos- 
terior above spinose. Close to Tettigonia (Stal). 

57. Hylica paeadoxa, Stal. 

Hylica paradoxa, Stal, Trans. Ent. Soc. Lou. (3 ser.) i. p. 593 (1863). 

Body oblong-obovate, blackish or fuscous-testaceous ; face below the 
middle (a black spot excepted), disc or two broad stripes on the venter 
sordidly stramineeous. Var. a, feet sordidly stramineous, annulated with 
fuscous. Var. h, feet fuscous-testaceous ; femora palely banded. ? , body 
long, 10 : broad, 3| millims. 

Frons produced at the base in a short, compressed, slightly curved 
horn and furnished in the middle with two small tubercles : two posterior, 
distant tubercles on the thorax, higher than the rest, compressed : scu- 
tellum much elevated before the middle, furnished near the apex with 
a conical tubercle ; disc of the elevated part hollowed out and more com- 
pi'essly-elevated on both sides (Stal). 

Reported from Burma. 

Genus Penthimia, Germar. 

Mag, Ent, iv. p. 46 (18?1). Stal, Hciu. Afric, iv. p, 100. 107 (18G6) ; Fiebcr, 
Eov. Mug. Zoul. (3 ser.) ii. p. 392 (1875). 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota, 1]3 

Body oval or ovate, somewhat depressed : head obtuse, anteriorly 
rounded ; vertex some what sloped, slightly convex befoi'e the middle ; 
lateral margins of face, somewhat distinct ; frons a little convex ; cly- 
peus flat or very slightly convex : eyes moderate : ocelli placed on the 
disc of the vertex, more distant from each other than from, the eyes : 
thorax transverse, a little narrowed forwards, anterior margin round : 
tegmina margined at the apex, valvate behind the clavus, 4-5 apical 
areas : feet moderate ; femora compi'essed ; last tibia) very spinose (Stal). 

58. Penthimia oeientalis, Walker. 
Penthimia orientalis, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 841 (1851). 

Deep black, oval : head and chest convex, thinly punctured : pos- 
terior border of pectus, red : tegmina thickly punctured ; tips of tegmina 
and wings brown. Body long, 7: teg. 14| millims. A variety has the 
abdomen red on each side towards the tip : anterior tibiae and feet most- 
ly red (WalJcer). 

Reported fi'om N". India. 

59. Penthimia compacta. Walker. 

Penthimia compacta, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 842 (1851), 

Ferruginous, short, broad : head and anterior margin of thorax, 
black : head very short, nearly as broad as the thorax, slightly concave 
posteriorly, rather more convex in front ; face convex, distinctly trans- 
versely sulcated ; thorax convex, minutely punctured black towards the 
fore border : tegmina piceous, ferruginous along the posterior mai'gin : 
wuigs almost colourless (Walker). Body long, 3 : wings long, 6j millims. 

Reported from JS". India. 

60. Penthimia castanea, Walker. 
Penthimia castanea, Walker, J. L. S. Zool. i. p. 98 (1856). 

Ferruginous, smooth, shining : head black in front and beneath : 
pectus black in front and with a black spot on each side behind : legs 
black ; tibice very spinose : tegmina lurid and with black spots towards 
the tips ( WalJcer) . Body long, 5 ; teg. I0| millims. 

Reported from Malacca, Tenasserim. 



Additions and Coeeections. 



61. Monecphoea teimacula. Walker. 
Monecpliora trimacula, Walker, List Ilom. B. M. iii. p. GS2 (1851), 
Body long, 7j : exp. teg, 18| millims ; i-eportcd from Iudia= 



114 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. [No. 2, 

62. Sphenorhina contigua, Walker. 
SjpTienorMna co7itigua, Walker, 1. c. p. 695 (1851). 
Body long, 8| ; teg. 18| millims : reported from N. India. 

63. Sphenorhina intermedia, Walkei*. 
Sphenorhina intermedia, Walker, List 1. c. p. 695 (1851). 
Body long, 7j : teg. 16| millims : reported from N. India. 

64. Sphenorhina proxima, Walker. 
Sphenorhina proxima, Walker, List 1. c. p. 695 (1851). 
Body long, 7j : teg. 14^ millims : reported from N. India. 

65. Sphenorhina braconoides. Walker. 
Sphenorhina hraconoides, Walker, 1. c. Suppt. p. 185 (1858). 

Body long, 6i : teg. 16| millims : reported from Burma. 

66. Sphenorhina approximans, Walker. 
Sphenorhina approximans, Walker, 1. c. Suppt. p. 185 (1858). 

Body long, 6i-8| ; teg. 16|-19 millims: reported from N". India. 

67. PooPHiLUS cosTALis, Walker, 

Phjelus costalis, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 707 (1851) : Stal, Of vers. K. V.= 
A. Forh. p. 493 (1862). 

Ptyeliis concolor, Walker, List 1. c. p. 715 (1851). 

Ptyelus dolos'us, Walker, List 1. c. Suppt. p. 189 (1858). 

Ptyelus rotundat'us, Signoret, in Thorns. Arch. Eut. ii. p. 332 (1858). 

Ptyelus natalensis, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 97 (1858). 

Poophilus natalensis, Stal, Hem. Afric. iv. p. 74 (1866). 

More or less weakly or obscurely ivory-grey, pubescent ; tegmina 
varied with fuscous ; frontal part of anterior margin of tlie head, pallid, 
with five black spots : wings colourless, slightly iufuscate at the apex : 
ventral disc black : tegmina nearly thrice longer than broad, apical half 
nari^owed : frons and anterior feet, fuscous ; apex of femora pallid (P. 
natalensis, Stal). ?, long 9-10 ; broad, 3-3^ millims. 

Reported from S. and W. Africa, Ceylon, N. India. Stal notes that 
his Ceylon example differs from the S. African in the head being a little 
more obtuse and more rounded. 

68. Clovia conifer. Walker. 

Ptyelus conifer, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 711 (1851) ; J. A. S. B. liv. (2), 
p. 19 no. 38 (1885). 

Ptyelus simulans. Walker List 1. c. p. 717 (1851). 

Ptyelus freiiiilat^is, Sm, Oi\ci-a. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 250 (1854); 1. c. p. 493 
(1862). 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — "Notes on Indian Rhynchota. 115 

Head and thorax ferruginous, flat, very thickly and minutely punc- 
tured, covered with tawny down : head short, indistinctly striped with 
brown, sinuate along the hind border, more rounded in front, its length 
Bot more than one-fourth of its breadth ; face piceous, roughly punctur- 
ed, with ten slight oblique ridges on each side of the disc which is flat j 
two yellow stripes along the sides unite near the front and form a cone 
and are produced along the pectus : the clypeus shining, convex, fer- 
ruginous, with an oblique furrow on each side ; rostrum ferruginous, 
tip piceous ; pectus with a broad black band between the anterior and 
intermediate legs : abdomen ferruginous, testaceous at the base : legs 
testaceous : tegmina ferruginous, conical towards the tips which are 
almost pointed, nearly colourless for half the breadth beneath the fore- 
border from the middle to the tips ; some forked brown streaks in the 
disc, a few of them communicating with an irregular curved brown stri]^>e 
which extends from three-fifths of the length of the fore-border to the 
tip and is darkest at each end : wings colourless ; veins black, tawny at 
the base {Wancer^. Body long, 6j ; teg. 16 a- millims. 

Reported from India, Java. 

69. Clovia punctdm. Walker. 

Ph/eruspumcfitm, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 718 (1851) ; Stal. Ofvers. K. 
V.-A. Forh. p. 493 (1862) : J. A. S. B. liv. (2), p. 19 (1885). 
Ptyelus hipunctipennis, Stal, 1. c. p. 250 (1854) : Java. 

Pale tawny, covered with pale down : head and thorax almost flat : 
head very convex in front, with two furrows which diverge from the 
fore border and communicate with two more oblique imj^ressions near 
the hind border ; face very convex, with a blackish disc, which has 
about eight oblique ridges on each side ; disc of the breast, blackish : 
tegmina with a dark brown dot on the hind border near the tip ; wings 
colourless; veins pale stramineous (Walker). Body long, 5 : teo". Hi 
millims. 

Reported from N. Bengal, Java. 

70. Ptyelus sexvittatus, Walker. 

Phjelus sexvittatus, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 715 (1851) ; J. A. S. B. liv. 
(2), p. 19 (1885). 

Yellow, shining : head and chest flat, minutely punctured, adorned 
with six black stripes : head concave along the hind border, almost coni- 
cal in front ; its length less than half its breadth ; face very convex 
with indistinct ridges on each side, black towards the clypeus which is 
also black : disc of the pectus mostly black : abdomen piceous : a short 
dorsal stripe, hind borders of the segments, and oviduct, tawny : legs 



116 E. T. Aikinson—No fes on Indian Rhyuchota. [No. 2, 

yellow ; tips of the liinJ tibire ami of the hind feet, piccous : tegmina 
brown, narrow, with two very large white spots on the fore bor- 
der, with two indistinct whitish marks near the base, and with Ivvo more 
along the hind border : wings colourless ; veins tawny, pale yellow to- 
wards the base {Walker). Body long, 5 ; teg. 12^ millims. 
Reported from IS". India. 

71. Pttelus subfasciatus, Walker. 

Ptyelus suhfasciatus, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 724^ (1851) ; J. A. S. Bon. 
liv. (2), p. 19 (1885). 

Pale tawny, shining, very finely punctured : head above lufeous, 
slightly concave along the hind border, very convex in front ; face very 
convex, piceous towards the clypcus which is also piceous ; ridges on each 
side very slight : thorax with six brown stripes ; a brown spot on each 
side by the base of the tegmina : disc of the pectus, black : abdomen 
piceous, pale tawny at the base : tips of the hind tibi;T3, black : teg- 
mina brown with a tawny spot on each side at the base and with two 
white bands, the first not reaching the hind border, the second inter- 
rupted in the middle : wings colourless, veins tawny ( Walher) . Body 
long, 3J : teg. 8i millims. 

Reported from N. India. 

72. Ukoptiora iiaedwickii, Gray. 

Urophora hardwicJdi, Gray, Griffith's eel. Animal kingdom, Ins. ii. p. 261, t. 90, 
f. 3 ; t. 138, f. 5 a-d. (1832) : Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii. p. 645 (1851). 

The characters of the genus and species are given thus by Gray : — 
" the thorax produced over the head ; the posterior legs simple and with 
the ovipositor forming a long tube ; fulvous with the tegmina spotted 
between the veins with brown ; the legs and ovipositor obscure" : near 
^thaJion, Latr. Body long, 18 ; ovipositor long, 13 millims. 

Reported from Nepal : the Indian Museum possesses specimens 
from Sikkim, Assam. 

Journal, liii. (2) No. 3 for 1884, p. 219 No. 26, H. transversa, "Wal- 
ker is the same as Gceana dives, West 1. c. p. 221, No. 34. 

1. c. p. 224, D. lateralis. Walker, No. 41 is the same as D. vihrans, 
Walker, No. 43. 

1. c. p. 225, jD. imviacula, Walker, No. 52 is the same as D. manni- 
fera, Linn, No. 39. 

1. c. p. 229, omit C. suhtincta, Walker, No. 70 : Walker's locality is 
incorrect. 

1. c. p. 229. C. anma. Walker, No. 71 is included in C. striata, 
Walker. List i. p. 206. 



1885.] L. de Niceville — On neio Indian Rhoi^alocera. 117 

1. c. p. 230. Cicada subvitta. Walker, T^o. 73 is a Tibicen. 

1. c. p. 230. Cicada xantes, Walker, No. 75 is a Cicadatra. 

1. c. p. 231, Fidicina ojjerculafa, No. 81 is the same as Fidiciyia Buha, 
Walker, List, p. 82 and is a Cryptottmpana. 

1. c. p. 231. Fidicina corvus, Walker, No. 82 is a CRYPTOTTMPAisrA. 

1. c. p. 232. T. apicalis, Germar, No. 14 includes also Cicada semi- 
cincta, Walker, List, i. p. 142. 

1. c. p. 232. M. illustrata, Am. & Serv. No. 85 and M. recta, Walker, 
No. 86 are the same as M. conica, Germar. 

1. c. 233. M. quadrimaciila, Walker, No. 93 is a Cicadatra, 

1. c. p. 233. ill. terpsichore, Walker, No. 94 is a Dundubia. 

Journal liv. (2) No. 1 for 1885, p. 19. P. quadridens. Walker, No. 
39 includes as a variety Clovia guttifer, Walker, 1. c. p. 20, No. 44 and is 
a Clovia. 



X. — Descriptions of soyne new Indian Rhopalocera. 
By Lionel de Nice'ville. 

[Received, Feby. 7th,— Read, March 4th, 1885.] 

(With Plate II.) 

Stmbeenthia silana, n. sp., PI. II, Fig, 9, ^ . 

$ . Upperside black, foreidng with a very regular streak from the 
base to beyond the cell extending slightly below the median but not 
touching the subcostal nervure, a subapical irregular streak not quite 
reaching to the costa or the outer margin, beyond which is a curved 
narrow lunular line ; a broad band placed obliquely from the second 
median nervule to the inner margin. Hindiving with a broad discal 
band, a submarginal one less than half the width of the discal band be- 
coming attenuated anteriorly, an obsolete (hardly traceable) very fine 
marginal line ; all these markings bright ochreous paler in the middle. 
Underside with the markings as above but glossy opaline white, the 
black ground-colour replaced by pi'ominent black and yellow tesselations. 
Hindtoing with a discal series of five imperfect somewhat cone-shaped 
ocelli of moderate size, the three nearest the anal angle centred with 
brilliant metallic blue ; three lunules of that colour at the anal angle. 
Both wings with the margin black, a submarginal fine line defined with 
yellow on both sides. 

2 . Lai'ger, the forewing broader, the outer margin evenly curved. 
Markings throughout paler, except the blue ones on the underside of the 
16 



118 Lionel cle Niceville — T)escrii:ition^ of some [Ko. 2, 

Lindwing, which are larger and more prominent. The subapical streak 
on the upperside of the forewing touching the costaj and a small naiTow 
spot just within it. 

Expanse S 2-1, ? 2-3. 

Hab. Buxa, Bhutan (Moti Bam), Sikkim (Otto MoJler). 

Near to S. niplianda, Moore, which also occurs in Sikkira, but may 
be at once distinguished from that species by the ochreous bands on the 
upperside being much wider, and on the underside much paler also. 
The five cone-shaped imperfect ocelli are less than half the size of those 
of »S'. nipJianda, and the centres of three of them and the anal lunulas 
are pure cerulean blue instead of green. 

Nacaduba hampsonii, n. sp., PI. II, Fig. 13, d. 

$ . Upperside deep violet-purple, the outer margins of both wings 
narrowly black. Underside pale brown, tinged with ochreous on the 
inner margin extending into the disc of the forewing, which wing bears 
the following blackish markings outwardly defined with white : — a 
quadrate spot across the middle of the cell with a small spot above it on 
the costa, a similar but larger one closing the cell, a discal curved chain 
of six spots (which is shifted inwards at the penultimate spot from the 
inner margin), and a submarginal series of lunules. Hindwing marked 
with some indistinct spots at the base, then four subbasal ones extending 
across the wing, one closing the cell, and a much curved and irregular 
discal series. Submarginal lunules as in forewing but bearing three 
black spots towards the anal angle, the outermost one large and pro- 
m.inent, the others small. No tail. The usual anteciliary black line ; 
cilia pale brown, on the hindwing marked with dai-k brown at the ends 
of the nervules. 

Expanse I" 15 inches. 

Hab. Ootacamund, Nilgiri Hills, South India. In coll. G. F. 
Hampson and L. de Niceville. 

Nearest to the tailless N. dana, de N., which also occurs at Ootaca- 
mund, but differing on tlie upperside in being of a different colour (deep 
violet-purple instead of light bluish- purple), and on the underside in 
having the markings throughout darker and more conspicuous, and the 
ground-colour also darker. The forewing is also narrower and more 
produced at the apex. 

Catap^cilma bubases, Hewitson, PL II, Figs. II, ^ & 1, 5. 

Hypochrysops huhases, Hewitson, Ent. Month. Mag., vol. xii, p. 38 (1875). 

$ . Upperside smoky purplish-black, obscurely shot with purple in 
some lights, the cilia blackish marked with white towards the anal ang-le 



OF THE 



ASIATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL 



Part II.— NATURAL SCIENCE. 



No. III.— 1888. 
XII. — Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. No. 4. — By E. T. Atkinson, B. A, 

[Received July 7tli ;— Read August 5th, 1885.] 

Family Fulc40RID^, Leach. 

Edin, Ency. ix (1817) ; Westwood, Mod. Class. Ins. ii, p. 427 (1840) ; Fieber, 
Verb. Zool.-Bot. Gess, Wieu, xvi, p. 497 (1866) : — Fulgorellce, Latr. Gren. iii, p. 163 
(1807) ; Sijinola, A. S. E. F. (1 ser.) viii, p. 133, 202 (1839) -.—Fulgorina, Burm., 
Handb. Ent. ii (i) p. 102, 144 (1835) -.—FiUgorida, Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 128 (1866), 

Two ocelli, rarely three or noue, one on each gena ; third, when pre- 
sent, placed on the apex of the frons : gena3 reflexed, very often separated 
from the frons by a ridge : tegmina at the base with a tegula, which is 
seldom wanting, hidden : anterior coxse inserted near the sides of the 
body, very often elongate ; last pair, transverse, contiguous, extended to 
the lateral margins of the body (Stdl). 

Subfamily Fulgorina, Stal. 

Fulgorides, Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 488 (1843). Fulgorida, Stal, 
Hem. Afric. iv, p. 129 (1866), Stettin Eut. Zeit. xxxi, p. 255, 282 (1870) ; Fulgorina, 
Stal, Ofvers. K, V.-A., Forh. p. 740 (1870). 

Anal area of wings reticulated ; the ridge separating the frons from 
the gena3 is continued in the sides of the clypeus (Stdl). 

Genus FuLGORA, Linnaeus, Stal. 

Fulgora, Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 133 (1866) ; Uotinus, Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. 
Ins. Hem. p. 490 (1843) : Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 264 (1851). 

17 



128 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyucliota, [No. 3, 

^'ertex mr.cli broader than the eyes : head furnished with a long' 
process, rounded or subtetragonal : gense truncated before the eyes : 
frons slightly sinviated at the apex, furnished with 2 — 3 longitudinal 
ridges : feet slender : seutellum slightly carinated ; cephalic process more 
or less curved {Stdl). 

A. Section with (when dead) orange ivincjs. 

1. FULGOEA CANDELARIA, Linn^US. 

Cicada candelaria, Linn., Acta Holm. p. 63, t. 1, f. 5, 6 (1746) : Eoesel von 
Rosenliof, Ins. Belust. 2, Giyll. p. 189, t. 30 (1749) ; Sulzer, Ins. t. 10, f. 62 (1761). 

Laternaria candelaria, Linn. Mns. Lud. Ulr. p. 153 (1764). 

Fulgora candelaria, Linn. Syst. Nat. i (2) p. 70 (1760) ; De Geer, Cigale chi- 
noise pm-te-lanterne, Ins. iii, p. 197 (1773) ; Fabricius, Syst. Ent., p. 673 (1775) ; Spec. 
Ins. ii, p. 313 (1781) ; Gmelin, ed. Syst. Nat. i (4) p. 2089 (1782) ; Fabr. Mant. Ins. 
ii, p. 260 (1787) ; Ent. Syst. iv, p. 2 (1798) ; Syst. Rhyng, p. 2 (1803) ; Olivier, 
Enc. Meth. vi, pp. 568, 593, 1. 109, f. 3 (1790) : Stoll, Cigales, (Cigale ChinoiseJ, p. 44, 
t. 10, f. 46 A. (1788) : Bnrmeister, Handb. Ent. ii (i) p. 168 (1835) : Westwood in 
Donovan's Insects China, t. 14, (1842) ; Trans. Linn. Soc. XVIII, p. 138 (1841) : 
Blanchard, Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. t. 12, f. 1 (1840-41) ; Butler, P, Z. S. p. 97 (1874). 

Flata candelaria, Germar, Mag. iii, p. 189 (1818). 

Pyrops candelaria, Spiuola, A. S. E. F. viii, p. 238 (1839). 

Hotinus candelariiis. Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 490 (1843) ; Walker, 
List. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 265 (1851). 

Head produced in a horn, as long as the body, subulate, ascending, 
obtuse, somewhat compressed, subangulate, red, sprinkled with milk- 
white spots : eyes subglobose, a globose pellucid dot beneath the eyes : 
antennae beneath the eye, very short, two-jointed, lower joint cylindrical, 
upper subglobose, fuscous, ending in a very small seta : thorax testaceous, 
like the three-cornered seutellum ; abdomen, above fulvous, beneath black, 
with luteous margins : tegmina fuscous, reticulated green and adorned 
with various luteous spots margined with whitish of which the first 
baud is transverse and the second cruciform, the rest round : wings 
luteous, broadly black towai'ds the apex : feet flavescent, first and second 
tibite black, third denticulate (Linn. M. L. U.). Long 40 — 45 ; cephalic 
pi'ocess 15 — 20 millims. 

Reported from China, Cambodia, India. The Indian Museum pos- 
sesses specimens from Sikkim, Assam. The next three appear to be little 
more than local varieties of F. candelaria. 

2. Fulgora brevirostris, Butler. 

Fulgora hrerirostris, Butler, Proc. Zool. Soc. p. 97, 1 t. xv, f. 1, (1874). 

Closely allied to F. candelaria ; tegmina black, with the veins 
and spots bright ochraceous, disposed as in F. candelaria ; wings orange- 
ochreous, the apical third black ; cephalic process short, curved, ascend- 



1885.] E. T. Atkinaon— Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. 129 

ing, testaceous witli paler spots : protliorax mucL compressed in front, 
with a central longitudinal ridge and two strongly impressed black 
punctures, testaceous, with a black lateral patch ; the rest of the body, 
hiteous above, mesothorax maculated with black ; abdomen below black, 
the margins of the segments testaceous ; legs pitchy ; the coxte and the 
femora of the last pair, dirty testaceous {Butler). Body long with ce- 
phalic process 29 — 30 ; cephalic process 13 and exp. teg. 63 millims. 

Rejjorted from India, Penang : the Indian Museum possesses a spe- 
cimen from Sikkim (?). 

3. FuLGOEA viRiDiROSTEis, Westwood. 

Fulgora (Hotina) viridirostris, Westwood, Cab. Or. Ent. p. 8, t. 3, f. 4, (1848). 

Hotinus viridirostris, Walker, Cat. Horn. B. M. ii, y>. 265 (1851). 

Fulgora viridirostris, Butler, P. Z. S. p. 98 (1874). 
Ce^ohalic process about half as long again as the thorax with the 
apex turned up and acuminate, of a dark green colour with white irro- 
rations ; body fulvous, the thorax spotted with black; feet black with the 
four anterior femora pitchy and the two hind femora, fulvous : tegmina 
and wings marked as in F. candelaria (Westtv.). Body with cephalic 
pi'ocess long, 32 — 38 ; exp. teg. 63 — 76 millims. 

Reported from Assam : the Indian Museum possesses specimens 
from Sibsagar (Assam) and Sikkim, the latter, as a rule, smaller with the 
cephalic process of a lighter green and the white irroratious thereou 
hardly visible. 

4. Fulgora spinol^, Westwood. 

Fulgora (Pyrops) spinolce, Westwood, A. M. N. H., ix, p. 118 (1842). 

Fulgora (HotinaJ spinohj;, Westwood, Cab. Or. Ent. p. 73, t. 36, f. 1 (1848). 

Hotinus spinolre, Walker, Cat. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 266 (1851). 

Fulgora spinolce, Butler, P. Z. S. p. 98 (1874). 

Cephalic process as long as the body with the apex turning up, above 
black, beneath luteous : body fulvous : anterior margin and the middle 
of the pronptum, a broad median stripe on the mesonotum, two dots and 
two oblique, lateral streaks, all black : tegmina brown, veins fulvous ; 
three straight, transverse, bands before the middle and six or seven sub- 
apical circular spots (of which some form an interrupted maculate band) 
palely fuscous; wings, fulvous, black at the apex {Westw.). Body with 
cephalic process long 44 ; exp. teg. 82 millims. 

Reported from Mysore, Assam, Siihat : the Indian Museum possess- 
es specimens from Shillong, Naga hills, Siihat, Sibsagar, and Sikkim. 
5. Fulgora lathburii, Kirby. 

Fulgora latlihurii, Kirby, Trans. Linn. Soc. xii, p. 450 (1818) ; Westwood, ihid., 
xviii, p. 139 (1841) ; White, A. M. N. H. xiv, p. 425 (1844) ; Giierin, Icon. R^gue Au. 
Ins. t. 58, f. 2 (1830-34) ; Butler, P. Z. S. p. 98 (1874). 



130 E. T. Atkiiison — Notes on Indian Rliyucliofa. [No, 3, 

Plata latKburii, Germar, Tlion's Archiv. ii, (2),"i3. 46 (1830). 
Hotirms lathhitrii, Walker, Cat. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 266 (1851). 
Allied to F. candelaria, Linn., cephalic process ascending, above 
black, apex red : dorsum of thorax black : tegmina blackish-green, 
sprinkled with many ocellate spots having a luteous pupil and a white 
iris ; some white dots on the interior margin : abdomen pallid, spotted 
black : wings luteous, black at the apex (Kirhy). Long, 38 millims. 
Reported from China, Silhat, 
To this section also belong : — 

F. cyanirostris, Gnerin, A. S. E. F. (2 Ser.) iii, Bnll. Ent. p. scvi, (1845). Java. 

F. nigrirostris, Walker, Ins. Sannd. p. 29 (1858). Siam. 

F. philippina, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A., Forh. p. 740 (1870) . Pliilippines. 

F. ceruginosa, Stal, I. c. p. 741 (1870). Philippines. 

F. lauta, Stal, I. c. p. 741 (1870). Philippines. 

Sec. 2. Species ivitJi ivhitish or white mid red tving's, 

6. FULGORA CONNECTENS, n. sp. 

The coloration of the tegmina connects this fine species with the 
first section and that of the wings places it in this section. Cephalic pro- 
cess much longer than the body, ascending, much recurved, somewhat 
sabreshaped, much compressed, much flattened at the apex, black above, 
greenish-fulvous beneath, signs of faint white irrorations above : thorax 
black, with a broad, transverse, fulvous band concolorous with the inter- 
mediate coxae and the clypeus : abdomen above sordid fulvescent, be- 
neath black with each segment broadly bordered posteriorly with sordid 
fulvescent ; anus black : feet black, coxae, intermediate feraora above, and 
entire posterior femora, brown : tegmina black, veins greenish ; the 
basal half with three transverse fulvous bands, of which the thii'd from 
the base becomes a confluent row of four round fulvous spots, ocellated 
paler, beyond this in the apical half comes a transverse row formed of 
two large fulvous ocellated confluent spots near the costal margin and a 
smaller spot not ocellated near the interior margin, then another inter- 
rupted transverse row commencing with four ocellated confluent spots at 
the costal margin and ending with two confluent ocellated spots at the 
internal margin ; two large and two small fulvous spots not ocellated in 
the apical fourth : wings white, apex black, with three confluent white 
spots and two smaller within the black part. Body long to the eyes, 22 j 
cephalic process long from eyes to tip, 30 : exp. teg. 80 millims. 
The Indian Museum possesses a specimen from Tenasserim. 

7. FULGORA CLAVATA, Westwood. 

Fulgora clavata, Westwood, Trans. Linn. Soc. xviii, p. 139, t. 12, f. 1 (1841) ; 
Cab. Or. Ent. p. 7, t. 8, f. 1 (1848) ; Butler, P. Z. S. p. 98 (1874). 
Hotinus clavatus,lWsi\ker, Cat. Horn. B. M, ii, p. 267 (1851). 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. 131 

Cephalic process and liead pieeous, covered with a white-farinose 
substance, as long as half the body, gradually attenu^ated from the base, 
its dorsum tricariuate and apex turning upwards and ending in a knob 
or ball sub-rounded, sub-pellucid, and broadly testaceous : thorax luteous, 
pronotum with two minute discoidal, black, dots ; mesonotum with four 
basal and two other oblique lateral spots : abdomen beneath fulvous, 
above obscure, dotted with a white farinose substance, apices of seg- 
ments luteous, anus black : basal half of tegmina somewhat whitish with 
numerous, irregular fuscous spots ; apical half fuscous with numerous 
whitish circular spots, varying very much in size and most of them 
ocellated : wings somewhat whitish, apex broadly fuscous : feet and 
rostrum black ; clypeus luteous {Westiv.). Body with cephalic process 
long 33| ; exp. teg. 76 millims. 

Reported from Assam : the Indian Museum possesses specimens 
from Sikkim, Khasiya Hills, Sibsagar, Shillong. In fresh specimens the 
whole of the tegmina and abdomen above and below is thickly covered 
with a white powdery substance : the abdomen, too, is of a rich red colour, 
which fades to fulvous, and the wings at the base are a light blue, which 
fades to grey. The Indian Museum possesses a remarkable local variety 
from Mussooree in which the entire cephalic process is dull red and the 
ground of the tegmina is much lighter. 

8. FULGOKA PONDEROSA, Stal. 
Hotinus ponderosus, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Porh. xi, p. 244 (1854) : Walker, 
Cat. Horn. B. M. Suppt. p. 315 (1858). 

Fulgora ponderosa, Butler, P. Z. S. p. 98 (1874). 

Cephalic process half the length of the body, cylindrical, black- 
piceous, ascending at the apex, which is testaceous : thorax and scutel- 
lum yellow-testaceous, the latter with four basal spots and two behind 
the middle, black : tegmina sordid white, sparingly covered with a wliite 
farinose substance ; a median band spotted with white ; and two spots 
at the anterior margin before the middle and one at the sutu.ral mar- 
gin, black ; several fuscous spots on the disc and apex, which is spotted 
white : wings sordidly whitish subhyaline, weakly fuscous at the apex : 
abdomen yellow testaceous, segments margined testaceous : feet and 
rostrum black ; posterior femora yellow-testaceous beyond the middle 
(Stal). Body long, 38 : exp. teg. 88 millims. 

Reported from India. There is little doubt that this is merely a 
variety of F. clavata, Westw. 

Sec. 3. Sjpecies ivith red and whitish ivings. 
9. Fulgora oculata, Westwood. 

Fulgora oculata, Westwood, Trans. Linn. Soc. xviii, p. 142, t. 12, f. 5 (1841) ; 
Bntler, P. Z. S. p. 99 (1874). 



132 E. T. Atklsnon — Notes on Indian Rhjncliota,. [N'o. 3, 

Var. a. Fulgora {IlotinaJ oculata, Westwood, Cab. Or. Ent. p. 73, t. 36, f. 2 
(1848). 

Yar. b. Fulgora sulocellata, Guerin, Eev. Zool. p. 183, (1839) ; Delessert, Souv. 
Voy. Inde, p. 66, t. 16, f. 1 (1842) ; Butler, P. Z. S., p. 99, (1874). 

Hotinus oculatits, Walker, Cat. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 267, (1851). 

Hotinus sulocellatus, Walker, I. c. p. 267, (1851) ; J. L. S. Zool. i, p. 84, (1856). 

Ceplialic process as long as the body, ascending, slender : pale 
greyisli-fulvons, abdomen and wings clothed with a fine white powdery- 
substance, mesothorax more fulvescent : tegmina greyish fulvous, pale, 
with about twenty-four ocellated spots, fulvous rings girdled whitish : 
wings white-farinose, palely virescent at the base with the anterior mar- 
gin having a large roseate i^atch in the middle ending in a fuscous spot 
and another smaller towards the middle : feet j)alely grej'ish-luteous ; 
four anterior tibiae and tarsi and the last tarsi, black (TFesi'w.) Long 
with cephalic process 35 ; exp. teg. 63 millims. 

Reported from India. 

Var. a. Cephalic process as long as the body, ascending at the apex, 
brunneous ; body greyish luteous, powdered with a white farinose sub- 
stance : tegmina greyish fulvous, each with 24-30 fulvous ocellated spots, 
encircled with buff ; wings clothed with a white powdeiy substance, the 
base pale green, middle of the costa marked with a large rosy patch and 
followed by a brown streak which is sometimes extended over the whole 
aj^ex of the wing which is, in such case, marked with several paler spots ; 
legs luteous, the four anterior tibiee and tarsi and the two hind tarsi, 
black {Westw.) Exp. teg. 65-87 millims. 

Reported from Malabar, Penang. 

Var. h. Cephalic process as long as the body, ascending at the apex, 
obscurely ferruginous above, green beneath : body and feet green, anterior 
and intermediate tibice black ; tegmina fulvescent green, subocellated 
yellow : wings white somewhat green at the base, clothed with a white 
powdery substance and spotted on the anterior margin with black and 
ferruginoiis (Gueriii). Long, 48 ; exp. teg., 93 millims. 

Reported from Nepal, Penang, Malacca. Guerin keeps this separate 
as he considers that F. oculata, West, is smaller, the spots on its tegmi- 
na are tawny, very restricted and surrounded by whitish on grey- 
tawny ground and its wings are also adorned with a great rosy patch, 
tipped with brown ; characters wanting in his F. suhocellata. Still com- 
paring the wide differences in the extreme varieties of F. clavata this 
variety cannot at present receive specific rank. 

Var. c. Spots on the tegmina confluent and of a rosy colour : the 
green at the base of the wings absent. Var. verhueUi. 

This section includes also the following :— 

F. sultana, Adams, P. Z. S. p. 83 (1847). Borneo. 
F. (jignntca, Butler, P. Z. S. p. 99 (1874). Borneo. 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson— iVof'e.s on Indian Rbynchota. 133 

0. Sjpecies with blue-green ivings. 

10. FULGORA AMPLECTENS, n. Sp. 

Tliis species forms the connecting link between the preceding section 
and this ; the coloration of the tegmina strongly i-esembles that of the 
F. oculata group and the coloration of the wings places it in this section. 
Cephalic process as long as the body, somewhat horizontal, gradually as- 
cending somewhat towards the tip, subrotundate above and subequal in 
size throughout, black-brown throughout, above and beneath, except the 
tip which is reddish-testaceous and subpellucid, apical half below the tip 
irrorated with white dots : thorax deep brown, blacker on the disc : ab- 
domen above and beneath, black ; posterior margins of the dorsal segments 
narrowly fulvous : feet brown throughout : tegmina brown, veins ful- 
vous, basal two-thirds finely covered with a white powdery substance 
above and bright fulvous beneath, this white powdery substance intensi- 
fied across the base of the apical third so as to form a white baud which 
bears a row of four fulvous spots, a small one and the largest towards the 
costal margin and two small ones towards the internal margin, four or 
five very faint similar fulvous spots and very numerous light brown sjjots 
are spinnkled over the basal two-thirds : wings blue, apex broadly and 
external margin less broadly, black, rayed black along the veins towards 
the base somewhat as in F. pyrJiorhyncha, Don., to which this species is 
very closely allied, differing chiefly in the coloration of the abdomen and 
the size, arrangement, and number of the spots on the tegmina. Body 
long to eyes, 24 ; cephalic process from eyes, 23 ; ex]3. teg. 93 millims. 

The Indian Museum possesses a specimen from Perak. 

11. FULGOEA PTEORHYNCHA, DonOVan. 

Fidgora pyrorhynchus, Donovan, Ins. Incl. Hem. t. 7, f . 1 (1800) : Rcgne Animal 
eel. Masson, t. 96, f. 2 (n. d.). 

Hotinns pijrorhijnchus, Walker, List Hom. B. M. ii, p. 267 (1851) ; J. L. S. ZooL 
X, p. 96 (1867). 

Fulgora pui-orhina, Westwood, Trans. Linn. Soc. sviii, p. 139 (18-41) ; in Dono- 
van's Ins. Incl. (2nd ed.) p. 13 (1842). 

Fidgora rajah, Gnerin, Rev. Zool. p. 183 (1839). 

Fidgora pxjrorhgncha, Butler, P. Z. S. p. 100 (1874). 

Cephalic process large, of a dark purple, thickly sprinkled with a 
white powdery substance, ascending, tip scarlet and somewliat pellucid : 
tegmina brown, pale across the middle ; wings black, green at the base 
(JDonovan) . 

Cephalic process about 25 millims ; long, purple, spotted white, 
ascending ; apex incrassated, red ; dorsum of abdomen greenisli with 
three black spots on the anterior margin of each segment ; lateral mar- 



134 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliynchota. [No, 3, 

gins of thorax and basal margin of scutellum somewhat testaceous : 
tegmina brown, spotted pale glaucous, and with a paler band, basal half 
with eleven irregularly placed, round, yellow spots, a pale band with 
a transverse row of four round spots of a deeper colour approaching 
f uscons and slightly margined inwardly with j^ellow and the apical fourth 
has eight smaller round yellow spots. Guerin describes his F. rajah as 
having the cephalic process as long as the body, ascending, brunneous, 
apex somewhat dilated, red : body and feet brunneous ; tegmina blackish 
fulvous, spotted with yellow, a broad pallid baud at the apex : wings 
black, blue at the base. Long, 44 millims. 

Re^jorted f rom Nepal {Bon.) ; Malacca (Guer.). 

12. FULGORA MACULATA, Olivier. 

Fulgora maculata, Olivier, Enc. Metli. vi, p. 568 (1791) ; StoU, ("La Cigale verte 
porte-lanternej Cigales, p. 98, t. 26, f. 143 (1788) ; Biirm. Handb. Ent. ii, (i) p. 169 
(1835) ; Westwood, Trans. Linn. Soc. xviii, p. 140 (1841) ; Duncan's Nats. Lib. 1, 
p. 284, t. 23, f. 2 (1840) ; Butler, P. Z. S. p. 100 (1874). 

Flata maculata, Germar, Thon's Archiv. ii, fasc. 2, p. 46 (1830). 

Hotinus maculatus, Walker, Cat. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 266 (1851). 

Cephalic process almost as long as the body, ascending, recurved ; 
head black ; eyes and antenna3 grey ; thorax brown, shaded with black : 
abdomen light brown, banded with black, same above and beneath ; 
tegmina above black with interrupted bands or continuous rows of 
glaucous spots, apical portion irrorated yellowish-green : wings with 
the basal portion towards the anterior mai'gin and a patch near the anal 
margin, greenish-blue ending in fine rays, apical portions black : feet 
deep brown, posterior pair spinose. Body long to the eyes, 21 : cephalic 
process from the eyes 19 ; exp. teg. 71 millims. 

The Indian Museum possesses a specimen from Ceylon. 

13. Fulgora fulvirostris. Walker. 

Hotinus fulvirostris, Walker, List Horn. B. M. Suppt. p. 41 (1858). 

Butler (P. Z. S. p. 100, 1874) unites this species with F. maculata, 
Olivier, as a variety, biit it is as much entitled to specific rank as hreviros- 
tris, viridirostris, and spinolce, which are similar varieties of F. candelaria, 
Linn. It cleai'ly differs from F. maculata in having the cephalic process 
subpellucid, sordid fulvous-testaceous or tawny instead of 02:)aque 
deep green ; the markings on the tegmina follow the arrangement 
of the m.arkings on the tegmina in F. maculata, but are sordid 
whitish instead of bluish- white, and the wings are sordid greenish- white 
rayed with black-fuscous nearly up to the base, the apex being bx'oadly 
and the exter-nal margin less broadly black. 



1885,] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 135 

Black : head tawny, cephalic process abruptly curved and ascending, 
a little shorter than the body, blackish on each side, at the base : pronotum 
with some dingy whitish or testaceous marks on each side : mesonotum 
more or less testaceous or whitish on the disc ; hind border and abdomen 
whitish or testaceous,the latter with some irregiilar and incomplete blackish 
bands : tegmina with about 20 whitish or straw-coloured spots and dots, 
some of them connected, foi^ming four very irregular bauds : wings 
white or dingy whitish towards the base {WalJcer). Body long, 27; 
cej)halic process from the eyes, 20 ; exp. teg. 59 millims. 

Reported from Ceylon : the Indian Museum possesses two speci- 
mens from Ceylon. It is possible that we should place this and the two 
next as varieties of F. maculata. 

IJ5. FULGORA DELESSERTII, Guerin. 

Fulgora delessertii, Guerin, Eev. Zool. p. 183 (1839) ; Delesserfc, Souv. Yoy. 
Inde, pt. ii, p. 66, t. 16, f. 2 (1843) : Butler, P. Z. S. p. 100 (1874). 
' Hotinus delessertii, Walker, Cat. Horn. B. M, ii, p. 266 (1851). 

Cephalic process half the length of the body, ascending, green : pro- 
.thorax ferruginous : tegmina greenish black, spotted with yellow : wings 
CiBrulean, black at the apex {Guerin). Long 34 ; exp. teg. 75 millims. 

Reported from the Nilgiris, Malabar. 

This species is near to F. maculata, Olivier, but differs from it in the 
coloration of the spots on the tegmina. It differs from F. candelaria, 
Linn. " par les deux facettes laterales de la face frontale qui ont a leur 
extremite une careue longitudinale allant du sommet des faces laterales 
au sommet de la tete." The cephalic process is short and compressed. 

15. Fulgora andamanensis, Distant. 

Fulgora andamanensis, Distant, Trans. Ent. Soc. p. 152, t. 5, f. 7, 7 a (1880). 

Cephalic process long, slender, ascending, as long as the body ; 
beneath greenish luteous with the apex black, above black, apical two- 
thirds irrorated with small white spots and a luteous streak on each side 
within the eyes, which are also luteous ; thorax above black, with dull 
luteous markings ; abdomen above pale greenish-luteous, beneath black ; 
C0X83, trochanters, and femora fuscous, the last darkest, tibiae and tarsi, 
black. Tegmina black, with the veins pale green and a number of 
brown spots encircled with pale greenish, aiTanged thus : — a ti^nsverse 
row of four near the base, the upper thi'ee fused together ; two irregular 
transverse rows on the disc, a little neai'er together than fi'om the basal 
row, followed by a straighter transverse row of three smaller ones ; 
remaining apical portion occupied by about twelve spots of which the 
largest are two fused together on the costa and one with a very small 
18 



136 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. [No. 3, 

Iji'own centre about the apex of the inner margin : extreme apical spots 
very small and somewhat indistinct. Wings bine with the apex broadly, 
and outer margin somewhat narrowly, black. The veins on the blue 
portion of the wings are green, with the exception of two which are nar- 
rowly black at the base (Distant.) Long, cephalic process 20 ; body 
20 ; exp. teg. 68 millims. 

Reported from the Andaman Islands. 

AlHed to F. delessertii, Guerin, and F. macidata, Olivier. It some- 
what resembles the former in the pattern of the tegmina, but differs in 
the length of the cephalic process, which in F. delessertii is but about half 
the length of the body. In length and structure of the cephalic process, 
it is more closely allied to F. maculata ; the cephalic process, however, 
is longer than in that species, being about equal to the length of the body ; 
and, besides the different pattern of the tegmina, the wings are much more 
narrowly black along the j)osterior margin. The Indian Museum possesses 
a specimen from the JSTicobar islands which appears to differ from the type 
figured by Distant in the cephalic process being longer, more distinctly 
ascending and recurved, and in the absence of white spots on the upper 
two-thirds. The markings on the tegmina are the same and do not 
differ more than iiidividuals of allied species differ from each other. 
The wings are marked much as in F. delessertii Guerin, the outer mar- 
gin is more broadly suffused with blackish than in the type and the 
blackish extends further towards the base in rays. 

16. FuLGOEA CURTIPRORA, Batler. 
Fidgora curtiprora, Butler, A. M. N. H. (4 ser.) xiv, p. 131, (1874). 

Closely allied to F. gemmata, West., but with the cephalic process 
one-third shorter and the colouring different : tegmina with the corium 
bright green speckled with black, area beyond black ; the veins green, 
becoming ochraceous near the apex ; entire surface covered with small 
orange spots : wings shining black, varied with j^ale transparent green 
as in F. gemmata : cephalic process, head, and thorax testaceous, thorax 
spotted with black ; abdomen black, segments edged with green above, 
with ochreous below ; legs and anus red (Butler). Body long with 
cephalic process, 23 ; cephalic process, long 8f ; exp. teg. 50 millims. 

Reported from Sikkim. 

17. FULGORA GUTTULATA, Westwood. 

Fulgora (PyropsJ guttulata, Westwood, A. M. N. H. ix, i>. 110 JS42). 
Fulgora (Hotina) guttulata, "Westwood, Cab. Or. Ent. p. 8, t. 3, f. 3 (1848). 
Pyrops guttulata, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 269 (1851). 
Fulgora guttulata, Butler, P. Z. S., p. 101 (1874). 



1885.] E T. Atkinson— JVofes on Indian RhyncTiota, 137 

Cephalic process about half as long as the thorax, its apex slightly 
bent upwards and acute ; head and thorax above of a fulvous clay-colour 
dotted with black : segments of the abdomen brown at the base : teg- 
mina pale fulvous clay-coloured, gradually assuming a redder tinge beyond 
the middle with a great number of small pale buff dots edged with a 
black ring, the wings very pale yellowish, with a few black dots and 
a broad dark brown margin {Westw.) Body long with cephalic pro- 
cess, 25 ; exp. teg. 50 millims. 

Reported from N. India. 

The rostrum is very long and slender and extends to the end of 
the body, separated from the geivx: by a transverse raised Hue, between 
which and the eyes is a black dot. The four anterior legs have a black 
ring at the base of the tibi^, the apex of which and the tarsi are also black, 
the underside of the body and the hind legs are entirely fulvous with two 
small black spots at the base of the cox93 and two long black spots at 
the sides of the penultimate abdominal segment. 



18. FULGORA. GEMMATA, Westwood. 

Fulgora (Hotina) gemmata, Westwood, Cab. Cr Ent. p. 7, t. 3, f. 2 (1848), 
Hotinus gemmahis, Walker, Cat. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 267 (1851). 
Fulgora gemmata, Butler, P. Z. S. p. 101 (1874). 

Head and thorax fulvous with black markings ; abdomen above 
black with posterior margins of the segments narrowly green ; tegmina 
green at the base which gradually changes into a dark brownish crimson ; 
they are entirely covered with minute black dots, each tegmen being 
ornamented with about 30 bright orange spots ; the wings are green, 
with a broad black border, which extends into the disc of the wing, 
forming several large, black blotches ; legs, dark red (Wesho). Body 
long exclusive of cephalic process, 19 ; exp. teg. 28 millims. 

Reported from Himalaya, 'N. India, Darjiliug : the Indian Museum 
possesses specimens from Sikkim, Khasiya Hills, Assam. There is also 
a specimen in which the orange spots on the tegmina are obsolete and are 
replaced by roundish black rings with the centime of the ground colour 
of the tegmina ; the wings are precisely the same. 

To this section also belong the following species : — 

F. ducalis, Stal, Trans. Ent. Soc. (3 ser.) i. p. 576 (1863). Cambodia. 

F. ccBlestina, Stal, 1. c. p. 576 (1863). Cambodia. 

F. intricata, Walker, J. L. S. Zool. i, p. 132 (1857). Borneo. 

F. stellata, Butler, P. Z. S. p. 100 (1874). Borneo. 



138 E, T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliynchota. [No. 3, 

Sec. D. Bjyecies ivitli scarlet wi7igs. 
19. FuLUORA CARDiKALis, Butler. 
Fulgora cardinalis, Butler, A. M. N. H. (4 ser.) xiv, p. 131 (1874). 

Tegmina yellowish-olivaceous, veins and costal area bright gi'een ; 
entire surface covered with black-edged orange spots, arranged as in 
F. virescens, West., but larger and better defined ; outer margin brown : 
wings carmine ; outer margin brown, broadest at the apex : cephalic 
process, head and prothorax above, and the entire pectus green, spotted 
with black ; meso- and meta-thorax testaceous, black-spotted ; abdomen 
above reddish, below testaceous, varied with emerald-green : legs eme- 
rald-green {Butler). Body including cephalic process, 25 ; cephalic 
process 83- : exp. teg. 53 millims. 

Reported from Nepal, Sikkim. Allied to F. pyrrlioclilora, Walker, 
and F. virescens, Westw., but differing structurally from both in its short 
abruptly compressed cephalic process. The Indian Mviseum possesses 
specimens from Sikkim. 

To this section also belong the following species : — 

F. coccinea, Walker, List Horn. B. M. Suppt. p. 42 (1858). Ceylon. 
F. decorata, Westwood, Trans. Linn. Soc. xviii, p. 141, t. 12, f. 4, (1841). Java. 
F. gutfifera, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A., Forh. p. 448 (1859). Ceylon, Shangliai ? 
F. pyrrhochlora, Walker, Bntler, P. Z. S. p. 101 (1874). Borneo. 

Sec. E. Sjoecies with pale greenish %vings (suhhy aline). 

20. Fulgora virescens, Westwood. 

Fulgora (Pyrops) virescens, Westwood, A. M. N. H. ix, p. 119 (1842). 
Fulgora (Hotina) virescens, Westwood, Cab. Or. Ent. jj. 8, t. 3, f. 5 (1848). 
Pyrops virescens, Walker, Cat. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 209 (1851). 
Hotinus seniiannuhis, Walker, 1. c. Snppt. p. 42 (1858). 
Fulgora virescens, Bntler, P. Z. S. p. 102 (1874). 

Cephalic process short, conical, scarcely bent upwards : entirely 
pale gx^een with a minute black spot on each side of the prothorax and 
scutellum ; the tegmina broad with the anterior margin much arched, 
green with numerous small rounded orange- coloured spots, outwardly 
edged with black ; wings very pale green and semitransparent {Westio.). 
Body long with the cephalic process 19 — 20 : exp. teg. 56 — 58 millims. 

Reported from India, Silhat : the Indian Museum possesses a speci- 
men from Silhat. 

To this section also belongs the following species : — 

F. cuUellata, Walker, J. L. S. Zool. i, p. 143 (1857). Borneo. 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rlijncliota, 139 

Genus Alcathous, Stal. 
Trans. Ent, Soc. (3 Ser.) i, p. 577 (18G3). 

Head much narrower tlian tlie thorax, protuberant, frons somewhat 
roTindly-amplified near the apex, thence distinctly narrowed upwards, 
tricarinate ; clypeus carinate in the middle : rostrum almost reaching 
the apex of the abdomen : antenna3 short, second joint very briefly sub- 
cylindrical, obliquely truncated at the apex. Thorax unicarinate in the 
middle, somewhat produced anteriorly in the middle, produced part 
truncated, posterior margin, straight : scutellum tricarinate, twice as 
long as the thorax. Tegmina somewhat amplified towards the apex which 
is obtusely obliquely rounded, longitudinal veins rarely furcate, interior 
simple, only third apical part furnished with remote, transverse, small 
veins, irregularly anastomosed : wings with more than the basal half 
without transverse veinlets. Feet moderate, anterior femora beneath 
slightly dilated, posterior tibifB, 5 — 6 spinose {Stal). Allied to Fidgora. 

21. Alcathous fecialis, Stal. 

Alcathous fecialis, Stal, Trans. Ent. Soc. (3 ser.) i, p. 577 (1863). 

Livid, dorsum of abdomen and coccineous wings excepted, minutely 
sprinkled fuscous, here and there infuscate : tegmina clouded fuscous 
with small costal spots, apex of wings, broad posterior limbus and some 
spots near the anal area, two rows of spots on the dorsum of the abdo- 
men and rings on the tibiae blackish ; femora fuscescent, obscurely 
irrorated, banded palely. ? , long, 15 ; exp. teg. 32 millims. 

Head a little shorter than the thorax and scutellum together, pro- 
duced part somewhat subabruptly narrowed and compressed before the 
eyes, before the middle transversely impressed and somewhat reflexed ; 
vertex at the base more than twice as broad as the transverse eye, basal 
half triangular, apical part very narrow ; frons flat beneath the middle, 
furnished with three parallel ridges, the median ridge interrupted in the 
middle ; transverse veinlets on the tegmina are subrufescent (Stal). 

Reported from N. India. 

Genus Ptkops, Spinola. 

A. S. E. P. viii, p. 231 (1839) ; Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 491 
(1843) ; Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 133, 139 (186G). 

Head produced forwards, in a long process, somewhat rounded, 
gradually very slightly somewhat slender, straight, obliquely truncated 
at the apex ; the lateral part behind the eyes furnished with a subconical 
or triangular callus or knob ; vertex transversely convex, continued up 
to the apex of the process ; genes rounded anteriorly : eyes small ; 



140 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 3, 

second joint of antenna sliort, thick. Pronotum and scntellum fairly 
convex transversely, without ridges, the former gradually narrowed 
forwards, barely or very slightly sinuated at the base. Entire tegmina 
or the largest portion reticulated, valvate behind the clavus. Feet 
somewhat thick and short ; first tibife, femora, and trochanters together 
equal in length, last armed with 5 — 7 spines {Stal). 



22. Ptrops punctata, Olivier. 

Fulgora punctata, Olivier, Enc. Meth. vi, p. 569 (1791) ; Stoll, Cigales, p. 34, t. 
6, f. 28 (1788) ; Gray, Griffith's An. King, t 138, f. 2 a-c (1832). 

Flata punctata, Germar, Thon's Archiv. ii (2), p. 47 (1830). 

Fulgora affinis, Westwood, Trans. Linn. Soc. sviii, p. 144, t. 12, f. 6 (1841). 

Pyrops punctata, Spinola, A. S. E. F. viii, p. 237 (1839) ; Walker List Horn. 
B. M. ii, p. 268 (1851). 

Cephalic process almost as long as the body, truncated at the 
apex ; luteous-greyish ; thorax, feet, and tegmina sprinkled with black 
dots : abdomen above black : wings white, veins pallid. Head, cephalic 
process, pro- and meso-notum and tegmina pale luteous, sprinkled with 
black dots, varying in size : cephalic process almost as long as the body, 
almost straight, subcylindrical, obliquely trvmcated at the apex, fuscous- 
luteous, rough with dots, paler at the apex : the black dots on the 
tegmina disposed longitudinally on the veins : wings white, subopaque, 
a little infuscate towards the apex, veins paler, except at the base : 
abdomen black, with the narrow margin of the segments, luteous ; feet 
short, luteous ; femora with a subapical ring ; tibiae with thi'ee black 
rings (F. afinis, Westw.). Body long with cephalic process, 33| ; exp. 
teg. 55 millims. 

Reported from China, Nepal, Silhat, Ceylon, Java, Guinea (?) : the 
Indian Museum possesses specimens from Sikkim. 

23. Ptrops peiipusilla, Walker. 
Fyrops perp^isUla, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 269 (1851). 

Body stramineous ; head with its process as long as the rest of the 
body ; abdomen luteous above : legs yellow ; tegmina very pale sti-a- 
mineous ; a few brown dots on the veins near the tip and along the 
hind border which is somewhat darker than the rest of the wing ; a 
rather large dot in the disc on the fork of one of the longitudinal veins : 
wings colourless, veins pale yellow {Walker.) Body long 8| ; wings, 
long 9 millims. 

Reported from N. Bengal. 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. 141 

Genus HoMALOCEPHALA, Amyot & Seville. 

Omalocephala, Spinola, A. S. E. F. viii, p. 261 (1839) : Homalocephala, Am. & 
Sew., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 492 (1843) ; Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, pp. 138, 145 (1866). 

Head broad, some what narrower than the thorax, produced before 
the ejes, round or triangular ; behind the eyes prominulous backwards 
in a short, thick spine : vertex at least four times broader than the eyes, 
fiat or somewhat so : frons flat somewhat broader than the clypeus, sides 
parallel, very slightly amplified towards the apex ; clypeus without a 
median I'idge : rostrum reaching the last coxse. Thorax broadly rounded 
anteriorly, fui'nished with a fine longitudinal ridge : scutellum more than 
twice as long as the thorax. Tegmina with the sides parallel, obliquely 
obtusely rounded at the apex, very densely reticulated, reticulation iu 
the costal area obsolete, claval vein united with the commissure at the 
apex of the clavus : wings entire. Feet somewhat short, simple ; first 
tibise as long as the femora, last armed with 3 — 4 spines (Stdl). 

24. Homalocephala festiva, Fabricius. 

Fulgora festiva, Fabricias, Spec. Ins. ii, p. 315 (1781) ; Mant. Ins. ii, p. 261 
(1787) ; Olivier, Enc. Metli. vi, p. 572 (1791) ; Fabr., Ent. Syst. iv. p. 5 (1794) ; 
Syst. RUyng. p. 4 (1803) ; Donovan, Ins. India, Hen:, t. 7, f. 2 (1800). 

Omalocephala festiva, Spinola, A. S. E. F. viii, p. 261 (1839) ; Walker, List Horn. 
B. M. ii, p. 283 (1851). 

Homalocephala festiva, Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 493 (1843). 

Head above flat, fuscous ; beneath flavescent, with a black raargiu : 
thorax fuscous, immaculate : tegmina fuscous, exterior margin virescent, 
which colour, however, does not reach the apex of the wing : there are 
five black dots along this margin of which the four posterior end in- 
wards in a fulvou.s dot : wings sanguineous, fuscous at the apex (Fabi'i- 
ciics) . 

Head above flat, obscure ; beneath, yellowish, border black : thorax 
obscure immaculate : tegmina obscure with the costal margin greenish 
which does not extend to the apex, on this part are five black spots of 
which the four posterior are bounded internally by a tawny spot : wings 
sanguineous with the apex obscui^e (Olivier). Donovan states that the 
tegmina have a green margin on which there are a few black spots 
semicircled with orange. Long, 17 millims. 

The Indian Museum possesses a very mutilated specimen. 

Genus Limois, Stal. 
Stettin Ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 230 (1863) : Hem. Afric. iv, p. 1.34 (18G6). 
Head narrower than the thorax, slightly protuberant upwards ; 
frons longitudinally convex, abruptly dilated on both sides at the apex, 



142 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliynchota. [No. 3, 

mucli narrowed upwards, bicarinate lengtliways, lateral margins reflexed 
beneath the middle ; vertex transverse ; clypens carinate in the middle, 
lateral margins obtuse, obtusely carinate ; thorax twice as broad as the 
head, somewhat sloped forwards, broadly truncate posteriorly, obso- 
letely carinate in the middle : tegmina somewhat amplified towards the 
apex, which is obliquely obtusely rounded, furnished behind the middle 
with remote small transverse veins : wings sinuate in the middle, pos- 
teriorly, much shorter than the tegmina : feet moderate, simple ; poste- 
rior tibiee 5-spinose (6VdZ). Differs from Aphana in the structure of 
the head and the short wings. 

25. LiMOis WESTWOODii, Hope. 

Lystra weshvoodii, Parry, Hoiae, Trans. Linu. Soc. xix, p. 133, t. 12, f . 3 (1845) ; 
Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 286 (1851). 

Limois westivooclii, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 231 (1863). 

Fuscous yellow, cephalic process concolorous, recurved between tlie 
eyes ; frons almost triangular, elongate : basal half of tegmina fuscous 
yellow, sprinkled with fuscous spots, varying in size : wings at the base 
sanguineous and margined by a narrow black line and with three black 
spots, remainder immaculate, hyaline : body beneath black. {Hope.') 
Body long, 12^ ; exp. teg. 48 millims. 

Reported from Silhat : the Indian museum possesses a specimen 
from Calcutta, expanse of tegmina under 40 millims. 

Genus Aphana, Guerin, Stal. 

ApJuena, Gnerin, Voy. Belanger, Ind. Orien. p. 451 (1834); Spin., A. S. E. F. 

viii, p. 240 (1839) : Apliana, Burm., Haudb. Ent. ii (i) p. 166 (1835) ; Amyot & 

Serville, Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 496 (1843) ; Stal, Stettin, Ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 231 
(1863) ; Horn. Afric. iv, p. 134 (18G6). 

Head not protuberant ; frons slightly narrowed upwards or with 
the sides parallel, lateral margins more or less distinctly broadly bisi- 
nuate with two ridges running through them, diverging upwards from 
the apex, terminating on both sides the median area : thorax with a 
ridge very often much elevated : first femora not amplified above at 
the apex ; last tibi» usually 5-spinose, unarmed above at the base 
(Stal). 

26. Aphana farinosa, Fabricius. 

Lystra farinosa, Fabricins, Syst. Rbyng. p. 57 (1803) : Germar, Thon's Arcliiv, 
ii (fasc. 2) p. 52 (1830). 

Aphwna farinosa, Spinola, A. S. E. F. viii, p. 244 (1839) ; Walker, List Horn. B. 

M. ii, p. 274 (1851). 

Aphana smtoUaris, White, A. M, N. H. xvii, p. 330 (1846). 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson— iVo^es on Indian Rliyncliota. 143 

Ai-)hcrna scuteUaris, Westwoocl, Cab. Or. Ent., p. 73, t. 36, f. 3 (1818) ; Walker, 
List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 277 (1851)) ; J. L. S. Zool. i, p. 143 (1857) ; var. 1. c.'x, p 96 
(1867). 

Aphcena smmdersii, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii p. 277 (1851) ; J. L. S. Zool. i. 
p. 84 (1856) ; L c. p. 143 (1857). 

Aphana farinosa, Bm-m., Handb. But. ii (2), p. 166 (1835) ; Stal, Offers. K. V.-A. 
Fork., p. 485 (1862) ; Stettin Ent. Zeit., xxiv, p. 232 (1S63). 

Fuscous; tegmina yellow at the apex; base of the wings and the 
abdomen, red, the former spotted hyaline (Fahr.). Head, pronotum, and 
border of the tegmina, reddish-brown, the under half of the same black 
apex golden yellow, powdered white : wings Avith a i-ed ground with 
small white spots; tip brown: feet, black (Burin.). Larger than ^. 
atomaria, Fabr. greenish-brown ; occiput excavated and marked with 
two whitish powdery spots between the eyes ; the pronotum with an 
elevated ridge down the middle, the scutellum powdered with white, the 
metathorax blackish ; the margins of the abdominal segments luteous- 
greeh, the base powdered with white ; the basal half of the tegmina fer- 
ruginous, the disc powdered with white, and with an irregular black 
fascia in the middle and some blackish spots near the hind mai'gin, the 
apical portion horn-coloui'ed, varied with buff, hind- wings orange red, 
spotted with white, the base black, the apical portion horn-coloured, and 
the anal angle buff ; body beneath, and legs, pitchy (Westwoocl). Body 
long, 22 ; exp. teg. 52| — 66 millims. 

Reported from Borneo, Java, Sumatra, India (Sjnn.) : the Indian 
Museum has a much abraded specimen from Sinkip Island. The type 
described by White was from Borneo and varies in the green colour of 
the basal portion of the costa and the base of the tegmina. Westwood's 
specimen was from Java and the Indian specimen agrees best with his 
description. 

27. Aphaka atomaria, Weber. 

Cicada atomaria, Weber, Obs. Ent. p. 113 (1801). 

Lystra atomaria, Fabricins, Syst. llhyng., p. 57 (1803) ; Germar in Tbon's 
Arcbiv. ii (fasc. 2), p. 52 (1830). 

Aphatna nigro-punctata, Gnerin, Voy. la Coqniire, Zool. ii, (2), p. 185 (1830) ; 
Spin., A. S. E. F. (1 ser.) viii, p. 248 (1839) ; Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. 
p. 497, (1843) ; Walker, List. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 274 (1851). 

Aphmna atomaria. Spin., 1. c. p. 218 (1839) ; Walker, 1. c. p. 277 (1851) ; J. L. S. 
Zool. X, p. 96 (1867). 

Aphana atomaria, Bnrm., Handb. Ent. ii (i) p. 167 (1835) ; Sfcal, Stettin Ent. 
Zeit. xxiv, p. 232 (1863) ; Hem. Fabr. ii, p. 87 (1869). 

Fuscous, vertex and pronotum brick-colour : tegmina ferruginous, 
spotted black, abdomen above and wings sanguineous, the latter black 
at the apex and spotted black-hyaline (Fahr.). Head and pronotum 
19 



144 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliynchota. [No. 3, 

oclireons ; niesonotum reddisli-brown : tegmina of a red brown in tlie 
basal two-thirds with two large black spots on the external margin, 
another towards the end of tlie second third, in the middle ; two other 
smaller black dois, one at the base and the other towards the end of the 
first third near the internal margin, and other smaller black dots sprink- 
led here and there : the apical third of the tegmina sordid yellowish or 
dull brown : wings bright red with the apex black, sprinkled with bluish 
spots or patches, the red disc also has four white patches, of which one 
is very small, with some dozen round black dots strewn about behind 
them : abdomen red above : body and feet, beneath, reddish-brown (Am. 
8f Serv.} Long, 17 ; exp. teg. 46 millims. 

Reported from Sumatra, Java, N. India : the Indian Museum 
possesses one abraded specimen exactly agreeing with the above des- 
scription, locality unknown, and another from Marri (Panjab). There is 
a series from Sikkim agreeing in most respects except that the base of the 
wings is ochreous not sanguineous. 

28. Aphana pulchella, Guerin. 

AphcBna pulchella, Guerin, Yoy. la Coqnille, Zool. ii (2), p. 189 (1830) ; Spinola, 
A. S. B. F. viii, p. 294 (1835) ; Walker, List Horn. B. M., ii, p. 274 (1851) ; Stal, 
Ofvers. K. V.-A., Forh. p. 485 (1862) ; Java. 

Aphana confucitis, White, A. M. N. H. xviii, p. 24 (1846) : China. 

Aphxna confucius, Walker, 1. c. p. 280 (1851) : China. 

AphcBna io, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 279 (1851) : N. India. 

Aphana nigro-irrorata, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 244 (1854) : China. 

Aphcrna nigro-irrorata, Stal, Freg. Eng. Eesa, Ins., p. 270 (1859) : Hong-Kong. 

Aphana pulchella, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit., xxiv, p. 232 (1863). 

Smaller than A. atomaria, Fabr., from which it differs in not having 
the head and thorax yellow, by the tegmina spotted with irregular 
black dots and the feet yellov\-ish, annulated blackish. Head pro- and 
xaeso-notum yellowish punctui'ed grey ; metanotum and abdomen 
Vermillion, two small black spots on the former and weak black bands 
on the three first segments of the abdomen, which also show traces of 
being covered with a white cottony substance : head and thorax beneath 
of a fairly deep yellowish-bi'own with a white patch between the inter- 
mediate and posterior coxfB : abdomen beneath ochi-eous yellow, punctured 
black, the lateral margin of each segment with a black excavation, 
filled with a white powdery substance ; feet browu, annulated yellow. 
Tegmina of a somewhat faded saffron-yellow, semitransparent, more 
yellow towards the apex, covered with numerous small black dots, a few 
larger ; towards the tip and the interior margin a whitish quadrate 
spot, followed at the posterior and external angle by a brown patch con- 
fluent with the small black dots of the apex : wings vermillion, carmine 



1885.] E. T. AtMuson—Notes on Indian RLjnchota. 145 

towards the base and a little orange in tlie middle and on the side of 
the anterior border : tip with a large black patch, adorned with small 
blue spots ; posterior margin slightly infuscate and disc with 16—17 
small, nearly equal, black spots and four small white spots placed in the 
orange portion {Guerin). Long, 15 : exp. teg. 37 millims. 
The Indian form {A. io, Walker) is thus described : — 
Body yellowish-brown; head and mesonotum punctured black, 
carinate ; rostrum brown, as long as the body ; metanotum, red ; abdo- 
men bright red ; beneath, spotted black with a black stripe along each 
side and a brown posterior margin on each segment : legs black, femora 
and tibia? flavo-aunalate, posterior tibifB spinose : tegmiua yellowish- 
brown with numerous black marks which are confluent and form a black 
spot at the tip of the hind border ; this spot has a yellowish- white spot 
adjoining ; wings luteous, red at the base and along the inner border, 
with about 12 black and 4 white spots, brown along the hind border, 
terminating in a very large black spot which has a blue disc {Walker). 
Body long, 16 1 ; exp. teg. 46 millims. 

Reported from China, Java, India : the Indian Museum possesses 
specimens from Sikkim and the Andamans. 

29. Aphana variegata, Gruerin. 

Afhcena variegata, Gncrin, Voy. Belanger Ind. Orien. Zool. p. 455 (1834) ; Icon. 
Regne Anim., t. 58, f. 3 (1830-34) ; Spin., A. S. E. P. vui, p. 247 (1839) ; Walker, List 
Horn. B. M. ii, p. 278 (1851). 

Penthicus variegatus, Blanchard, Hist. Nat. Ins. iii, p. l7l, Hem. t. 12, f. 4 
(1840-41). 

Aphcvva hasirufa, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 278 (1851) : J. L. S. Zool. i, 
p. 143 (1857). 

A'phana variegata, Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 497, t. 9, f. 1 (1843) ; 
Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit, xxiv, p. 232 (1863). 

Head flat in front, with two slightly elevated ridges : pronotum 
transverse, anterior border lobed and a little advanced, carinate in the 
middle, with a hollow on each side behind the median lobe, and a little 
emarginate posteriorly : mesonotum triangular, sides almost equal, 
pointed behind, iricarinate in the middle, one ridge longitudinal, and 
two lateral, curved : metanotum and abdomen bright red, separated by a 
white, farinose, transverse band ; the head, pro-, and meso-notum brown, 
touching on deep olive-green. Tegmina brunneous, a little reddish at 
the base, more g-reenish at the tip with black patches and round black 
dots which increase in size towards the apex ; two square yellowish 
patches at the middle third, one on the anterioi', the other on the inte- 
rior margin : wings much broader, a little sinuated on the posterior 
margin ; the base up to one-third of their length bright red with three 



]4G E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Eliyncliota. [ISTo. 3, 

black spots and an obscure patch ; middle third orange yellow grounded 
with red, above 2-3 small white dots and below a small black spot : the 
apex is black with more or less numerous or confluent small blue dots ; 
posterior margin from this black portion to the internal angle is broadly 
bordered brown. Body beneath concolorous with the thorax, feet more 
blackish (Cwerw). Long, 20 ; exp. teg. 55 millims. 

Reported from Cochin-China, Philippines, Silhat : the Indian 
Museum possesses specimens from Sikkim. 

30. Aphana caja, Walker. 

A-pTxcena caja, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 278 (1851). 
Aphana caja, Stal, Stettiu Ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 235 (1863). 

Fuscous-ochraceous ; thorax palely granulate towards the sides ; 
tegmina fawn-colour or palely olivaceous, clouded with black-fuscous 
and sprinkled with minule black-fuscous spots, further, behind the 
middle, adorned with a pallid subquadrate spot at the costal and com- 
missural margins : wings croceous, sanguineous at the base, a small 
oblique, basal streak and 5-7 spots in anal half, black-fuscous ; 3-4 
small white discoidal s]oots in the anterior area ; posterior limbus nar- 
rowly fuscous ; apical part black-fuscous, sprinkled with glaucous- 
mouldy spots ; abdomen sanguineous, dorsum with a double row of 
black spots, beneath fuscous-sanguineous : feet spotted olivaceous. 
5 , long 21 ; exp. teg. 62 millims. 

Nearly allied to A. variegata, Guerin, but larger, spots on the teg- 
mina larger, wings sanguineous only at the base, posterior fuscous limbus 
narrower and especially with the vertex shortei", nearly thrice broader 
than long, more obtusely rounded, transverse basal keel straight, ante- 
rior margin less deeply sinuate in the middle : frons subequal at the 
base and the apex, not distinctly narrower at the base, anterior produced 
part of thorax more obtusely rounded. Frons somewhat longer than 
broad, lateral margins slightly broadly bisinuate, with two obtiise 
ridges diverging upwards and with an obsolete longitudinal ridge to- 
wards the base, the median area at the base very broadly rounded : 
thorax marked before the middle with two obsolete pallid spots 
(Stdl). 

Reported from Silhat. 

31. Aphana dimidiata, Hope. 

Lystra dimidiata, Hope, Trans. Linn. Soc. xix, p. 133, t. 12, f. 4 (1845) ; 
Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 286 (1851). 

Aphana dimidiata, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 232 (1863). 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson— A'^ofes 071 Indian Rliyncliota. 147 

Fuscous ; head, thorax, and feet concolorous : basal half of tegmina 
virescent, sprinkled with numerous minute dall black spots, apices sub- 
orauge-hyaliue marked with cretaceous spots : basal half of wings green- 
ish with the posterior part whitish, spotted black, apices fuscous, irro- 
rated with virescent spots {HoiJe) . Long 14^ : exp. teg. 46 millims. 

Reported from Silhat. 

32. Aphana nicobaeica, Stal. 

Aphana nicoharica, Stal, Berlin Ent. Zeitschr. siii, p. 241 (1869). 

Sordid olivaceous-green : scutellum, pectus, abdomen, and feet 
black-fuscous : tegmina before the middle teruginous, spinnkled with 
black ; behind the middle, ochraceous, marked with a band and mouldy 
spots ; apical limbus, black ; wings, black, a very large basal spot coeru- 
lean- virescent. Long 19 ; exp. teg. 55 millims, ? . 

Size of A. farinosa, Burm., from which it differs in the head pro- 
duced anteriorly, seen from above equal in length and breadth between 
the eyes, roundly-angulated ; frons longer, furnished with a recurved 
process. Frons rugulose, tumescent at the base and with a median 
process short, compressed, recurved, obsoletely tricarinate, the ridges 
diverging upwards, the median ridge disappearing below the middle : 
vertex narrowed forwards, obsoletely carinate in the middle ; lateral 
margins dilated, elevated : thorax furnished with a raised, acute ridge, 
running through it, strongly bi-impressed on the disc, scutellum tricari- 
nate. The feruginous half of the tegmina covered with minute and often 
confluent black dots, closer at the apex ; apical half ochraceous with the 
apical limbus black ; the spots and an anterior band clothed with a 
white powdery substance : wings black with a large basal patch ex- 
tended a little beyond the middle, ceerulean- virescent. Apical margins of 
the dorsal segments of the abdomen, green {Stal) . 

Reported from the Nicobars. 

33. Aphana (?) dives. Walker. 

Aphoina dives, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ti, p. 280 (1851). 

Body dark ferruginous ; disc of the vertex rather concave, borders 
slightly ridged, fore margin slightly inclined upwards : rostrum ex- 
tending far beyond the posterior coxae, dark brown : mesonotum with a 
slight longitudinal furrow, fore-border very undulating ; a black band 
along the fore-border of the scutellum ; metanotum black : abdomen 
obconical, larger than the thorax, black above, thickly covered with 
white down, red beneath : legs black, sulcated, femora brown, posterior 
tibife spinose : tegmina green, adorned between the veins with orange 
streaks which are interrupted by very numerous brown dots, the latter are 



148 E, T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 3, 

sometimes confluent ; a tawny slightly curved band separates this part 
from the reticulated tips which are brown with tawny veins : wings 
green, with numerous brown spots, gray mingled with white towards 
the tips, white along the inner border (Walher). Long, 14 3- : exp. teg, 
42 millims. 

Repoi'ted fi'om Malabar. 

34. Aphana (?) ALBiFLOS, "Walker. 
Aphmyia alhiflos, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii; p. 280 (1851). 

Body above, green ; beneath, bright-red ; vertex tawny, indistinctly 
carinate along the border ; face slightly carinate ; rostrum nearly as 
long as the body, tip black ; a concavity corresponding to the eye on 
each side of the fore-border of the pronotum of which the anterior por- 
tion of the lateral margins is black, posterior margin, tawny ; longitu- 
dinal ridge almost obsolete : abdomen obconical, much longer than the 
thorax, thickly covered with white down : legs ferruginous, sulcated ; 
femora, red ; posterior tibiee slightly spinose : tegmina black, adorned 
with numerous little green marks ; reticulated part, ferruginous ; wings 
brown, adorned with bluish-green spots, white at the tips and along the 
posterior mai'gin (WaUcer). Body long, 1G| ; exp. teg. 55 millims. 

Reported from Malabar. 

Genus Ltcorma, Stal. 
Stettiu, Ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 232 (1863) : part Jjj7ut?!«, Gnt'rin. 

Head somewhat j^rotu-berant, protuberance very short, reflexed : 
frons, distinctly upwards and at the base more narrowly, furnished with 
two parallel obtuse ridges, sometimes obliterated beneath the middle ; 
vertex truncated at the base, last angles not produced : thorax finely 
carinate in the middle: first femora not amplified at the apex above : 
last tibiae armed with 4-5 spines ; unarmed at the base, above (Stal). 

35. Ltcorma imperialis. White. 

Aphayia imperialis, White, A. M. N. H. xvii, p. 330 (1846). 

Aphcena imperialis, Westwood, Cab. Or. Eut. p. 74, t. 36, f. 4 (1848) ; Walker, 
List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 282 (1851). 

Aphcena placahilis, Walker, 1. c. Snppt. p. 46 (1858). 

Lycorma imperialis, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 485 (18G2) ; Stettin Eut. 
Zeit. xxiv, p. 232 (1863). 

Tegmina olive-green, the basal portion with numerous black spots, 
most of which are traversed by green veins ; the tip black, beautifully 
reticulated with olive-green : wings, at the base, purplish madder with 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes 071 Indian Rliyncliota. 149 

11—12 large black spots, the puriDlisli part retictilated witli wlutisli ; 
the end brownish-black ; a bluish-green band-like mark across the mid- 
dle of the wing, not nearly reaching the hind margin, the three nerves 
traversing it are black ; tegmina and wings beneath almost same as 
above : head and thorax above greenish ; prothorax finely, transversely 
striated, a line, down the middle, shining : abdomen black, margins yel- 
low, segments slightly powdered with white, vulvar scales red : legs 
brown, tibiee of hind legs tridentate on the outside {White). Exp. teo-. 
61 millims. 

Reported from Silhat : the Indian Museum possesses specimens from 
Sikkim. Red: metanotum black: abdomen Avith a red transverse line at 
the base ; tip red beneath : tegmina with black spots along the costa and 
with some more or less interrupted and irregular black bands ; more 
than one-third of the apical part black with very numerous and reo-ular 
black veins and veinlets : wings black, basal half red with several black 
spots ; a white middle band, not extending to the hind border {A. 
placahllis, Walker). Body long 16| ; teg. 54| millims. This is the 
reddish-brown variety. 

36. Ltcorma punicea, Hope. 

Lystra punicea, Hope Trans. Linn. Soc. xix, p. 133, t. 12. f. 5 (1843) ; Walker, 
List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 286 (1851). 

Aphccna delectahilis, Walker, 1. c. Snppt. p. 44 (1858). 
Lycorma punicea, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 232 (1863). 

Reddish purple, head and thorax paler ; basal half of tegmina 
tinted rosy and sprinkled with numerous black spots ; apex hyaline 
f Liscous-puniceous with a pellucid mark in the middle of the disc : wings 
puniceous at the base, marked by black spots, whitish in the middle and 
fuscous-hyaline, at the apex (IIo2)e). Long 12|,- exp. teg. 48 millims. 

Ferruginous brown, black beneath : antennfe bright red ; pronotum 
dull green with some very minute, testaceous, brown-bordered s2Dots : 
abdomen black : hind borders of the segments luteous on each side, 
beneath : legs black : tegmina black, whitish green with black spots for 
about one-third from the base, outline of the green part much excavated 
with some streaks same hue near it ; veins green : wings bright red 
with black spots, apical j)art blackish brown, divided from the red part 
by a bright greenish blue band which does not extend to the hind 
margin. (A. delectahilis, Walker). Body long, 12| ; exp, teg. 42 
millims. 

Reported from E". China, Shanghai, India, Silhat. The Indian 
Museum possesses a mutilated specimen from the Dikrang valley, As- 
sam. 



150 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indiayi Rliyncliota. [No. 3, 

37. Ltcorma iole, Stal. 

Lycorma iole, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit. xsiv, p. 234 (1863). 

Blackish : the lateral posterior blotch on the vertex, thorax, lateral 
margins of sciitellum, and the tegmina more or less purely green-oliva- 
ceous, the tegmina with 23-28 largish black spots, barely third apical part 
black, green- veined : wings coccineous with 8-10 black spots, black- 
fuscous behind the middle and there with a shortened band, virescent 
or caerulescent ; anal valvules in 2 sanguineous (Stal). ? long, 17 ; exp. 
teg. 52 millims. 

Reported from India : closely allied to L. delicatula, White, larger, 
cephalic process less prominulous, and the spots on the tegmina and 
wings larger. 

38. Ltcoema delicatula, White. 

Aphana delicatula, White, A. M. N. H. xv, p. 37 (1845). 
Aphoena delicatula. Walker, List. Hem. B. M. ii, p. 282 (1851). 
Aphixna operosa. Walker, 1. c. Snppt. p. 46 (1858). 

Lycorma delicatula, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 485 (1852) ; Stettin Ent, 
Zeit. xxiv, p. 232 (1863). 

Tegmina very pale greenish brown, basal part with many black spots 
(at least twenty) of which six on the anterior margin : the end dai'ker 
brown, beautifully reticulated with pale greenish brown : wings at the 
base, Vermillion red with largish black sj)ots, irregular on either side (at 
least seven), tip widely black ; a large acutely triangular sea-green mark 
on the fore-edge between the red and black ^^arts : antennje orange : 
head and thorax above of a pale brownish colour with a sort of bloom 
over them : body and legs blackish brown with a slight bloom ( White) . 
Exp. teg. 41 millims. 

Reported from Nankin, Canton, China : very doubtfully from Sib- 
sao'ar (Assam). The cephalic process in this species is a little more 
elevated than in L. imiJerialis, White, to which it otherwise bears a strong 
resemblance : the black spots on the wings and tegmina also are smaller, 
the teo-mina are palely olivaceous or whitish fawn-colour : the median, 
band on the wings varies, as in all the others of this group, from whitish 
to caerulescent or virescent (Stal). 

Genus EuPHRiA, Stal. 

Stettin Ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 232 (1863) ; part of Aphana, Gncrin. 

Head furnished with a cephalic protuberance, very slender, acute, 
reflexed or erect ; frons distinctly narrowed upwards, abruptly narrower 
at the base furnished with 2-3 ridges, a little elevated, parallel : vertex 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson— Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. 151 

very broadly sinuated at the base : thorax barely carinate in the middle : 
first femora slightly amplified at the apex above ; last tibite 4-spiuose ; 
unarmed above at the base (Stdl). 

39. EuPHRiA AURAKTiA, Hope. 
Aphana aurantia, Hope, Trans. Linn. Soo. xviii, p. 443, t. 31, f. 2 (1841). 
Eiiphria aurantia, Stal, Stettin Eut. Zeit. sxiv, p. 232 (1863). 

Entire body above orange ; tegmina sprinkled with barely visible 
yellow spots, posteriorly spotted black ; a few minute spots on the internal 
margin and a very narrow border on the posterior margin, black : head 
excavated above, margins elevated ; frons produced above the pronotum 
in a small, tapering, recurved horn : abdomen, at the base, covered 
with a white powdery substance ; body beneath concolorous, a little more 
obscure (Hope). Long 19 ; exp. teg. 63 millims. 

Reported from Assam ; the Indian Museum possesses a specimen 
from Sikkim. 

Fresh specimens have the tegmina green instead of orange, sprinkled 
with whitish powdery spots or patches, more distinct beneath : wings 
orange, body and abdomen orange yellow, in one specimen inclined to 
brown ; feet (except posterior femora) in some greenish, in others con- 
colorous with the abdomen, recurved horn in some green, in others orange. 
Also the apices of the tegmina are sometimes faded yellow more or less. 
A long series should supply the links. The Indian Museum has several 
specimens from Darjiling. 

40. EuPHRIA SUBMACULATA, Westwood. 
Aphcena suhmaculata, Westwood, Duncan's Nat. Lib. i. p. 284 t. 24, £. 1 (1840) ; 
Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 275 (1851). 

Aphana resima, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A., Forh. p. 190 (1855). 
Euphria suhmaculata, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 232) (1863). 

Sordid yellow-testaceous; frons with a cephalic protuberance or horn, 
twice as long as the vertex, channelled above, recurved : lateral margins 
of thorax narrowly black : scutellum obsoletely tricarinate : tegmina 
rufous-testaceous above densely spotted whitish-mouldy, costal spots sub- 
glaucescent : wings nigro-fuscous, yellow- cinnamon beyond the middle, 
especially before the middle spotted whitish mouldy : abdomen above 
whitish-mouldy (E. resima, Stal). Body long 21 ; exp, teg. 71 millims. 
Reported from India : the Indian Museum possesses specimens from 
Sikkim. 

41. Euphria lectissima. Walker. 
Aphcena lectissima, Walker, List. Horn. B. M. Suppt. p. 45 (1858). 
Grass-green : head with a short, acute, almost vertical horn ; sides 
of the vertex carinate ; frons and face flat, the latter with a slight ridge : 
20 



152 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 3, 

abdomen above testaceous : tegmina livid, red beneath, except towards 
the apex, adorned mtli many green, white-dotted, spots ; border green, 
adorned with dots of white tomentum along the costa, and with black 
dots elsewhere, except towards the base of the inferior border where the 
dots are luteous : wings crimson for more than half the length from the 
base (WaUcer). Body long, 21 : exp. teg. 33 millims. 

Reported from N. India : the Indian Museum possesses a specimen 
from Sikkim. Closely allied to E. amabilis, Hope, from which it differs 
in the absence of the three fulvous spots on the jDronotum and of 
the blackish lines on the mesonotum and jDosterior margins of the 
abdominal dorsal segments, and in the spots on the tegmina, which 
are small and circiilar, nowhere linear and transverse. Stal (Ofvers. 
K. V.-A. Forh. p. 486, 18G2) unites the two species. 

42. EuPHKiA AMABILIS, Hope. 

Aphana amabilis, Hope, Trans. Linn. Soc. xix, p. 132, t. 12, f. 1 (1845) ; Walker, 
List. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 274 (1851). 

Euphria amabilis, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit. xsiy, p. 232 (1863). 
Body above orange j head green, furnished with an erect, acute, 
slender horn : prothorax green, marked by three fulvous spots : tegmina 
cretaceous sprinkled with numerous oval spots ; wings coccineous, palely 
virescent at the apex : body beneath green ; feet concolorous ; pectus 
sprinkled over with a whitish down. The sjoots which above appear 
to be white and green intermixed are beneath entirely green (Hope). 
Long 25 : exp. teg. 69 millims. 
Reported from Silhat. 

43. Euphria atjroea, Hope, 

Aphana aurora, Hope, Trana. Linn. Soc. xis, p. 133, t. 12, f. 2 (18-15) : Walker, 
List. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 275 (1851). 

Euphria aurora, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit. xsiv, p. 232 (1863). 

Allied to E. atirantia, but smaller ; almost the whole body orange : 
tegmina externally barely virescent, internally orange and sprinkled with 
very minute whitish spots : body beneath concolorous : wings with cre- 
taceous spots ; last tibiae externally spinose (Hope) . Body long, 19 ; 
exp. teg. 61 millims. 

Reported from Silhat, Philippines. 

44. Euphria (?) walkeri, n. sp. 

Aphcena dives, var. (?) , Walker, List. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 281 (1851). 
Body yellowish brown, red beneath : vertex slightly ridged and fur- 
rowed : frons rather prominent, furnished with a slender, black, linear 
furrowed horn which is inclined backward nearly to the posterior margin 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson— ^ofe5 on Indian Rhynchota; 153 

o£ the shield : rostrum ferruginous, tip darker, extending nearly to the 
tip of the abdomen : an excavation partly inclosing the eye on each side 
lateral margins of pronotum and most of metanotvim, black : abdomen 
a little longer than the thorax, nearly elliptical, red, with a black band 
across each segment above : legs black, furrowed, femora red, posterior 
tibifB spinose : tegmina not much longer than the wings, apex obtuse, 
pale dingy yellow with very numerous brown marks, reticulated part, 
yellowish-broAvn : wings brown with many almost colourless spots which 
are partly confluent, posterior margin almost colomiess, tip pale brown 
( Walker) . Body long 14| ; exp. teg. 42 millims. 
Rei^orted from India. 

Genus Phouonis, Stal. 

Stettin Ent. Zeit. xsiv, p. 233 (1863). 

Head not protuberant but emitting from the base of the frons a 
very long, very slender, mobile, reflexed process [which in dried speci- 
mens is very easily detached] ; frons a little narrower above the middle 
than beneath the middle, abruptly narrowed at the base, furnished with 
two obtuse, parallel ridges (often obliterated), lateral margins slightly 
sinuate beneath the middle ; vertex truncated at the base : thorax hard- 
ly carinate in the middle, first pair of femora distinctly amplified above 
at the apex : last pair of tibice 4-spinose, furnished above at the base 
with a tubercle (Stdl). 

45. Phoronis nigro-maculata, Guerin. 

AphcBna nigro-maculata, Guei'in, Icon. Eegne An. t. 90, f. 6 (1830-31) ; Voy. 
Belanger Ind. Orient. Zool. p. 457 (1834) ; Spinola, A. S. E. F. (1 ser.) viii, p. 243 
(1839); Walker, List. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 273 (1851). 

Fulgora {AphoenaJ nigro-inacidata, G. R. Gray, Griffitli's ed. An. King. Ins. ii, 
p. 260 t. 90, f. 6; t. 138, f. 1 a-c. (1832). 

Aphana nigro-maculata, Westwood, Trans. Linn. Soc. xviii, jj. 149 (1841). 

Phoronis nigro-maculata, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zcit. xxiy, p. 233 (1863). 

Head and thorax brown ; horn black, short, flexible ; tegmina brown 
with some small scattered black spots, exterior margin with a broad 
black border : wings with basal half silvery grey, sjootted with black ; 
other half, black, with the interior margin brownish black ; body silvery 
grey, with transverse narrow bauds of black (Gray). Head subferru- 
ginous, brown ; frons with a cylindrical horn recurved backwards ; tho- 
rax somewhat greenish brown : tegmina obscurely blue, apex finely 
reticulated with black, punctured with black on the anterior margin 
with five dots obliquely arranged at the base : wings blue, spotted with 
black, posteriorly brown, black at the apex : abdomen black, streaked 



154 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Ehynctota. [No. 3, 

with wliite : body below and femora ruddy : coxse brown (Gucrin). 
Long 20 ; broad 55 niillims. 

Reported from China, Cochin- China : the Indian Museum possesses 
a specimen from the Andaman islands with the cephalic process absent. 

46. Phoeonis paulinia, Signoret. 
Aphcena paulinia, Signoret, A. S. E. F. (4 ser.) ii, p. 123 ; t. 1, f. G, (1862). 
Brick-red with the dorsum, femora, tips of tegmina, tip of the wings 
and several spots on them of a blackish-brown ; on the anterior margin of 
the tegmina several black spots and a slight filiform, recurved cephalic 
process. Head broader than long, vertex square, a little transverse, with 
a transverse ridge and a fovea on each side of the eyes : frons convex, 
without a ridge on the anterior margin, a black filiform appendage, with 
a longitudinal groove, reaching almost the end of the mesonotum : ros- 
tru.m of a reddish-brown, reaching the end of the abdomen, the third 
joint, the longest : pronotum almost five times broader than long, pos- 
terior margin concave, anterior convex with a median emargiuatiou 
which gives it a bilobed appearance, presenting on each side, beneath 
the eyes, a strong emargination : lateral margins convex and black, a 
slight ridge on the disc : mesonotum weakly tricarinate, and exhibiting 
towards its extremity two small brown dots. Tegmina with a broad 
apical band formed of a network of yellow veinlets on a brown ground ; 
on the anterior margin are numbers of black dots, the clavial vein near 
the fold of the tegmen with 3-5 black dots : wings transparent in the 
middle, slightly bluish and exhibiting there about a dozen more or less 
reo-ular brownish spots ; tip brownish ; the border, also the folded part 
near the abdomen, slightly infuscate : abdomen red beneath, black above, 
with the end of the segments and the lateral margins, red ; each segment, 
especially those of the extremity, covered with a thick farinose substance : 
feet with the tibife red and the femora black, the posterior with three strong 
spines on the external side (Sign.) Body long, 16 ; exp. teg. 50 millims. 
Reported from Cochin-China ; the Indian Museum has a specimen 
(with the filiform cephalic process wanting) from Tenasserim. Stal 
unites this with P. nigro-m.^culata, Guerin, but though structurally the 
same, the coloration of the tegmina leaves no doubt as to specific identity. 

Genus Gebenna, Stal. 

Trans. Ent. Soc. (3 ser.) i, p. 582 (1863) ; Hem. Afric. ir, p. 135 (1866). 

Head broadish, narrower than the thorax, not protuberant ; vertex 
transverse, anterior margin straight, posterior margin broadly sinuate ; 
frons subquadrate, somewhat amplified on both sides at the clypeus, 
median area amplified upwards, broadly subtruncate at the apex, pro- 
minulous before the apical margin of the vertex, not reflexed ; clypeus 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson— ^ofe5 on Indian Rliyncliota. 155 

ecarinate : second joint of antenna3 transverse, prodncecl upwards from 
the insertion. Thorax unicarinate in the middle, roundly produced at 
the apex behind the vertex : scutellum about half longer than the tho- 
rax. Tegmina barely amplified towards the apex, rounded at the apex, 
costal margin straight, longitudinal veins rarely furcate, small transverse 
veins remotely scattered throughout the entire tegmina : wings remotely 
transversely veined behind the middle. Feet simple, last tibias 4-spinose 
Avith their base neither spinose nor tuberculated (Sidl). Allied to 
A2)Jia7ia. 

47. Gebexxa Sylvia, Stal. 
Gehenna Sylvia, Stal, Trans. Eut. Soc. (3 ser.) i, p. 582 (1863). 

Palely grey-flavescent ; frons, vertex and disc of thorax and scutel- 
lum minutely irrorated black ; thorax and scutellum on both sides sprin- 
kled with small black spots : tegmina weakly rufe scent-ferruginous from 
the base beyond the middle, remotely sprinkled black, costal limbus 
palely olivaceous- virescent ; apical part vitreous, sprinkled and spotted 
fuscous ; wings vitreous, palely virescent towards the base, adorned with 
three irregular, large, subconfluent, black-fuscous spots, before the mid- 
dle : dorsum of abdomen, black ; segments margined olivaceous at the 
apex ; abdomen adorned with four longitudinal rows of irregular grey- 
flavescent spots ; ventral segments on both sides, spotted black, inter- 
ruptedly banded black at the base : feet with numerous black bands 
(Stal). 9, long, 13 ; exp. teg. 39 millims. 

Reported from India. Vertex almost thrice as broad as the ti'ansverse 
eye, margins somewhat elevated : frons remotely and finely rugu.lose, 
slightly narrowed upwards : thorax less distinctly rugulose : scutellum 
finely rugulose on the disc. 

Genus POLTDICTTA, Guerin. 
Icon. E^gne Anim. Texte Ing. p. 359 (1830-31) ; Stal, Hem, Afric. iv. p. 135 
(1866). 

Vertex about four times as broad as the eyes : entire tegmina dense- 
ly or very densely reticulated : anterior tibi^ sometimes somewhat dila- 
ted : frons obtusely rounded at the base, amplified at the apex and 
distincly broader than the clypeus, tegmina thrice or more than thrice 
longer than broad (Stal). 

48. POLTDICTYA BASALIS, Guerin. 

Polydictija lasalis, Guerin, Icon. Eegne Anim. Texte, Ins. p. 359 (1830-34) ; 
Walker, List. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 289 (1851) ; J. L. S. Zool. x, p. 98 (1867). 

Aphcena uniformis, Walker, J. L. S. Zool. i, p. 144 (1857). 

Ewyhrachijs hasalis, Hope, Trans. Linu. Soc. xix, p. 134, t. 12, f. 6 (1845) ; Stal, 
Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forli. p. 500 (1862). 



156 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian "Rliyncliota. [No. 3, 

Fuscous yellow : head flavescent : thorax brunneous ; abdomen dull 
red ; tegmina fuscous, reticulated yellow ; wings at the base with a 
ca?rulean incurved line forwards, posteriorly subroseous ; remainder 
blackish (Bope). Body long, 21 ; exp. teg. 5G millims. 

Reported from Sumatra, Silhat. There are at least two apparently 
undescribed species of this genus in the Indian Museum : one with a 
double incurved cjerulean line at the base of the wings, abdomen Ver- 
million with the dorsal segment more or less banded black, (body long, 
16 : exp. teg. 46 millims), from the Andamans ; and one with the base 
of the wings red and base of the tegmina above and below with a bluish 
tinge, (body long, 19 : exp. teg. 53 millims), from Sikkim : but a series 
is desirable before describing them further. 

49. POLYDICTTA (P) TRICOLOR, Westwood. 

Lystra tricolor, Westwood, Arc. Ent. ii, p. 35, t. 37, f. 4 (184jo). 
Polydictija tricolor, Walker, List. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 290 (1851). 

Sanguineous, very glabrous ; anterior lobe of pronotum and meso- 
notum anteriorly black, basal half of tegmina (the livid base itself excep- 
ted) stramineous, spotted black ; apical half brunneous ; costal spot 
stramineous : wings red, apical half fuscous : feet chestnut sanguineous 
{West.^ Body long, 16| : exp. teg. 56-57 millims. 

Reported from Assam. 

Genus Anctra, White, 

A. M. N. H. XV, p. 3-4 (1845). 

Allied to Euri/mela, Hoff. ; but distinguished from it by the shape 
of the head which has not the dilated genee, no stemmata, antennoe close 
under the eyes : tegmina iinely veined, with a notch on the posterior 
margin and rounded at the apex, whence (in $ ) proceeds a longish narrow 
appendage, widest at the end : legs much dilated and compressed 
throughout : hind legs very long with four spines on the outer edge of 
the tibife : the end of the body covered with a waxy doAvn-like secretion 
(^White). 

50. Anctra appendiculata. White. 

Ancyra appendiculata. White, A. M. N. H. xv, p. 34 (1845) ; Westwood, Cab. 
Or. Ent. p. 74, t. 31, f. 5 (1848) ; Walker, List. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 395 (1851) ; Dist- 
ant, J. A. S. xlviii (2), p. 38 (1879). 

Rich deep brown : tegmina, above bi-own, spotted at base with 
white and with two widish powdery bands of white ; beneath, mahogany 
red: wings deep brown almost black on the edge and between a red- 
coloured space : body beneath yellow : legs black : wings more powdery 



1885.] E. T. Atkinson— AT-ofes on Indian Rliyncliota. 157 

in the ? than in the (? (White). Long 9| ; exp. teg. excl, appendage 
25 millims. 

Reported from Manlmain : the Indian Museum possesses a specimen 
from Tenasserim. 

51. AnCTEA niSTRIONICA, Stal. 
Ancyra histrionica, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit. xsiv, p. 245 (1863). 
Fuscous-ferrnginoiis : frons yellow-ferruginous adorned with five 
subelevated, narrow, black bands : tegmina obscurely ferruginous, basal 
part and obliqvie band behind the middle, fuscescent, apical callus black, 
apical appendage fuscescent-ochraceous : abdomen flavescent (when alive 
sanguineous ?), apex covered with a mouldy pubescence ; feet blackish. 
Closely allied to preceding ; tegmina, especially behind the middle, 
broader, apical appendage shorter, fuscescent-ochraceous not black-fus- 
cous, apical callus smaller, wings broader and their apical process 
shorter (Stal). ?, long, 11; exp. teg. 26 millims. 

Reported from Cambodia ; the Indian Museum has a sjiecimen from 
Pegu ; but the desiccated body is only 8 millims long and the basal part 
and band behind the middle of the tegmina is lighter dull feri'Uginous, 
not fuscescent. 

Correction. 

G. maculicoUis, Guerin, in J. A. S. LIII (II) p. 230, No. 76, is a 
synonym of Tihicen hrunneus, Fabr., as follows : — 

TiBiCEN BEUNNEUS, Fabricius. 

Tettigonia hrunnea, Fabr., Ent. Sjst. Snppt. p. 517 (1798) ; Syst. Rliyng. p. 43 
(1803). 

Cicada Irunnea, Germar, Thon's Ai'cli. ii (2) p. 6 (1830) ; Walker, List. Horn. 
B. M. i, p. 230 (1851). 

Cicada maculicoUis, Guerin, Voyage la Coquille, Zool. ii, p. 183 (1830) : Walker, 
1. c. Snppt. p. 28 (1858). 

T. (Abricta) hrunneus, Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 26 (1866). 

Ferruginous or testaceous, paler beneath : apex of the scutellum 
and two very large spots on the thorax, ferruginous-flavescent, the latter 
with two fuscous streaks : head, a small posterior median spot and a 
transverse impression on the thorax towards the sides, blackish or fus- 
cescent-ferruginous ; a spot on the lobes of the vertex, ferruginous ; 
ioxir triangular spots on the scutellum extended backwards from the 
base, fuscous ; the median pair smaller, often obsolete ; the lateral pair 
produced to a distance backwards : tegmina and wings sordid vitreous, 
veins testaceous-flavescent, fuscous towards the apex : head a little 
broader than the anterior part of the thorax : ocelli somewhat more 



158 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 3, 

distant from tlie eyes than from each other : thorax gradually a little 
narrowed from the apex backwards beyond the middle (Stdl) . cf, ?, 
long, 21 — 24 ; ex^D. teg. 60 — 73 millims. 

Reported from Mauritius, Bengal. 

In J. A. S. B. LIV (II) p. 23 Gosmopsaltria abdiiUa, Distant, is 
recorded as a synonym of G. spinosa, Fabr. (1. c. LIII (II), p. 227) : the 
following is Distant's description of G. ahduUa. 

$ . Body above castaneous, more or less covered vs^ith greyish 
pubescence and pilosity : head with the vertex somewhat sparingly 
pilose and the area of the ocelli, a little infuscate : pronotum sparingly 
pubescent with a central x -shaped space denoted by strife, followed by 
two oblique striee, the outer one submarginal and slightly curved, lateral 
and posterior margins densely pubescent : mesonotum with two faintly 
indicated obovate spots on the anterior margin, sparingly pubescent, the 
lateral margins and the region of the cruciform basal elevation, much 
more densely pubescent. Abdomen spai'iugly piibescent but much more 
densely so on the disc and the lateral margins : body beneath ochra- 
ceous : first and intermediate femora with the bases and apices fuscous 
the central portion pale ochraceous : first tibiae castaneous and tarsi 
piceous ; intermediate tibiaa pale castaneous, with the base narrowly 
and the apex broadly piceous : last pair of legs pale castaneous, apices of 
femora, bases and apices of tibife, dark castaneous. Tegmina and wings 
pale hyaline ; the former with the costal membraiie and basal area, 
castaneous, claval area, piceous, transverse veins at bases of 2, 3, 5 ajiical 
areas infuscate and a submarginal series of small fuscous spots at apices 
of longitudinal veins : wings with anterior claval margin and a curved 
basal streak dark castaneous. The face is very swollen and convex 
beneath, longitudinally furrowed and transversely striated : the rostrum 
extends just beyond the base of the femora : the opercula reach the base 
of the fourth abdominal segment ; the outer margins are deeply nar- 
rowed and concave near the base and then become slightly convex to the 
apex which is broad and rounded, these o^iercula are very wide apart at 
the base and are confined to the lateral side of the under surface of the 
abdomen (Dist.). 



1886.] Himalayan 8i)ruce-fir (Abies smithiana), 11 

EXPLANATION OF THE PLATES. 
Plate I. 

1. Outline sketch, natiiral size, of three affected shoots (secidinm). 

2. Needle showing fully develoiaed a3cidial fructification, about twice the 
natural size : cecidia in two rows on ujjper surface, excepting one at a on the lower 
sui-face. 

3. Young secidium emerging through a rent in the epidermis, with two sper- 
magonia — slightly magnified. 

4. Showing mode in which pseudoperidium bursts : slightly magnified. 

5. Matting of mycelial filaments on surface of a parenchyma cell x 250. 
Transverse section. 

6. The same x 250. Longitudinal section. 

7. ^cidiospore x 580. 

8. iEcidiospores with intercalary cells towards base of a sei'ies x 450. 

9. Fragments of hypho3 in an air space x 450. 

10. Spermatia x 580. 

11. Haustoriuni in transverse section within a parenchyma cell x 250 (urodinal 
affection). 

Plate II. 

12. Spermagonium : transverse section x 250. 

13. a. Portions of hyphce from a longitudinal section of needle affected with 
uredinal fungus x 250. I. The same x 580. 

14. Convoluted mass of mycelium between parenchyma cells (uredo) x 430. 
Transverse section. 

15. a. Basal cubical cells with nuclei (nucleus dividing in one which springs 
directly from a hy^jha) x 580. b. Round basal cells in series x 580. c. Basal 
cells with finger-like protrusions preparatory to formation of spores x 580. d. 
Free ui-edo- spores x 580. 

16. Peridial cells x 340. 

Plate III (Photographs). 

17. General appearance of young shoots in an early stage of infection by the 
secidial fungus, before the pustules have protruded through the epidermis. 

18. The same when the fungus is fully developed. 

19. General appearance of a shoot attacked by the uredinal fungus : fully deve- 
loi^ed. 

20. Appearance of withered and dried up shoot after the death of tho fungus. 
(N. B. The four preceding figures about | natural size.) 

21. Transverse section of normal needle of Abies smithiana. 

22. Transverse section of needle affected by Eecidial fungus (the peridium with 
the enclosed fecidiospores has accidentally become detached). 

23. Transverse section of needle affected by uredinal f uugus showing four beds 

of spores. 

24 Transverse section of needle affected by Ghnjsomyxa abietis (?) intro- 
duced for comparison with Figs. 22 and 23 as practically normal in all respects 
excepting the protruding fructification. 

(N. B. The three preceding figures all magnified to the same extent.) 
25. Transverse section of needle affected with uredinal fungus more highly mag- 
nified than Fig. 23 and illustrating several points referred to in the text ; more 
especially the dislocation of the parenchyma cells and the comparatively undisturbed 
condition of the tissues within the endodermal sheath. 



12 E. T. Atldnson— JVo/es on Indian Rliynchota. [No. 1, 

JI.—Notes on Indian Rhynchota. No. 5. — By E. T. Atkinson, B. A., 

President. 
[Received August 11th ; — Read November 4th, 1885.] 

Subfamily Eurtbrachtdina, Stal. 

Eiiryhrachydida, Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 129 (1866) : Euryhrachydma, Ofvers. 
K. V.-A. Forh. p. 753 (1870). 

Anal area of "wings veiy rarely reticulate, Avlien so, clypeus convex 
without lateral ridges : last tibice without a mobile spur at the apex. 
Erons broad, transverse or almost equally long and broad, amplified on 
both sides in a distinct angle : anterior feet compressed, more or less 
dilated : anal area of wings sometimes reticulated (Stal). 

Stal distributes the genera included in this subfamily into two 
great groups : — 

(1) those in which the eyes beneath are spinose. 

(2) those in which the eyes beneath are unarmed, 
a. Genera furnished with eyes sirinose beneath. 

L Wings less ample, not or scarcely broader than the tegmina : 
head very broad ; antennas briefly cylindrical ; eyes beneath very dis- 
tinctly spinose ; olavus very broad at the apex. 

A. Head very slightly prominulous before the eyes ; gente nar- 
rower ; frons scarcely or only a little broader than the thorax ; last pair 
of tibiae 5-3pinose : — Euryhrachys, Guerin. 

B. Head more prominulous before the eyes ; gense broader ; frons 
distinctly broader than the thorax ; vertex scarcely or only a little shorter 
than the thorax ; last pair of tibia? 6-spinose : — Messena, Stal. 

II. Wings ample, broader than the tegmina. 

A. Vertex distinctly sinuate at the base : lateral angles of frons 
much produced ; antennas briefly cylindrical ; clavus broad at the apex, 
two longitudinal veins separated through their whole length : median 

■■ ""ongitu-dinal area of wings dilated, furnished almost entirely with trans- 
verse veins ; last pair of tibiae 6-spinose: — Thessitus, Walkei\ 

B. Vertex very slightly sinuate at the base or truncated : lateral 
angles of frons somewhat straight, less produced than in Thessitus, Walker : 
clavus narrowly open at the apex, the longitudinal veins united nearly 
in the middle ; wings without a dilated area. 

a. Head hardly broader than the thorax, vertex truncated at the 
base ; second joint of the antennas very briefly subcylindrical ; last pair 
of tibios 5-spinose : — Loxocephala, Schaum. 

b. Head narrower than the thorax, vertex subsinuate at the base ; 
second joint of the antennae subglobose : last pair of tibiae normally 
4-spinose : — Nesis, Stal. 



1886.] E. T. Aikimon— Kates on Tmlian Khyi.chota. 13 

h. Genera famished icith eyes unarmed beneath and clavns closed at 
the apex, somewhat acute. 

1 (2). Last pair of tibite usually 6-spinose ; scutelluin longer by 
half than the thorax : antennce short, second joint subglobose : — Frutis, 
Slal ; — type F. pulchra, Gray, 

2 (1). Last pair of tibifB normally 3-spinose. 

3 (8). Frons transverse, angulated on both sides. 

4 (7). Thorax and scutellum together distinctly shorter than the 
breadth. 

5 (5). Antennfe short, not extending beyond the eyes : — Olonia, 
Stal : — 0. ajyicalis, Walker, from Australia. 

6 (5). Antennfe cylindrical, longer, extending beyond the eyes, 
tegmina narrowed towards the apex : — Dardus, Stal : — D. hnfo, Walker, 
from Australia. 

7 (4) . Thorax and scutellum together equally long and broad : 
antennfe short : — Platyhrachi/s, Stal : — P. leucostigma, Walker, from 
Australia. 

8 (3). Frons scarcely broader than long, roundly-amplified on 
both sides ; lateral angles of vertex ascending : antenna? subcylindrical, 
long, extending much beyond the eyes ; tegmina narrowed towards the 
apex (wings absent ?) : — Gedrosia, Stal : — G. varia. Walker, from Aus- 
ti'alia. 

These do not include the whole of the genera falling under this 
subfamily, but are enough for our purposes. 

Genus EuETBRACHTS, Guerin, Stal. 

Guerin, Yoj. Belanger Ind. Orient, p. 475 (1834) ; Bnrm., Hanclb. Ent. ii (i) p. 
149 (1835) ; Spiuola, A. S. E. F. (1 ser.) viii, p. 367 (1839) ; Walker, List. Hoin. 
B. M. ii, p. 381 (1851) : Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 245 (1863). 

Guerin's diagnosis of the genus is as follows : — 'Antennae rathe?^ 
long, extending a little beyond the sides of the frons, the first joint 
short, the second long, granulate, cylindrical, a little rounded at the 
tip, at least thrice longer than broad, with the filamentous portion of 
the antennee inserted at the extremity and very near the eyes : ocelli 
apparently absent : frons transverse, the anterior portion in form of a 
transverse lozenge, flat, ecarinate : labrum small, triangular : rostrum 
short, reaching barely the intermediate coxte : thorax transverse, with the 
anterior lobe a little narrower : tegmina a little longer than the abdomen, 
dilated at their base, and a little contracted at the extremity : abdomen 
as high as broad : feet rather long, spinose ; anterior and intermediate 
tibise flattened and dilated. 






14 



E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliynchota, [No. 1, 



1. EUKYBEACHTS VENUSTA, Stal. 

Eicryhrachys venusta, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 245 (1863). 

$ . Sanguineous ; head, tliorax anteriorly and barely basal half 
of tegmina olivaceous-green ; the basal half of the tegmina spotted 
fuscous, and the base itself, sanguineous ; coriuni behind the middle and 
commissural limbus of clavus, greyish, veined subolivaceous ; wings 
"whitish, subsanguineous at the base and veined sanguineous : abdomen 
sordid stramineous (sanguineous when alive ?), beneath banded black. 
In stature like E. tomenfosa, Fabr., differs in having the tegmina more 
distinctly and densely veined behind the middle. Tegmina twice longer 
than broad, subcoriaceous before the middle, opaque (Stal), Long, 10 ; 
exp. teg., 25 millims. 

Reported from Nilgiria. 

2, EUETBRACHTS TOMBNTOSA, Fabricius. 

Cicada fomentosa, Fabricius, Syst. Ent. ii, p. 683 (1775) ; Spec. Ins. ii, p. 324 
(1781) ; Mant. Ins. ii, p. 269 (1787) ; Ent. Syst. iv, p. 30 (1794). 

Lystra tomentosa, Fabricius, Syst. Rhyng. p. 60 (1803) ; Germar in Tlion's 
Arcliiv. ii, fasc. 2, p. 55 (1830). 

Euryhrachys tomenfosa, Bnrm., Handb. Ent. ii (i) p. 150 (1835); Am. & Serv., 
Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 517 (1843) ; Walker, List. Hom. B. M. ii, p. 381 (1851); 
Stal, Hem. Fabr. ii, p. 100 (1869). 

$ . Green-olivaceous ; tegmina olivaceous-green, with small scat- 
tered spots and two oblique bands, flavescent, apical part flavescent- 
greyish ; small apical spots arranged in two transverse rows and a larger 
spot at the commissure, black, shining : wings whitish, a band abbre- 
viated inwards behind the middle and a band continued through, placed 
near the apex, black : j^ectus and feet sanguineous, tibige and last pair 
of tarsi infuscate ; abdomen croceous, disc of venter, black. Closely 
allied to E. sjjinosa, Fabr., differs in the head a little broader, almost 
broader than the thorax, tegmina more ample, much spotted in rows 
at the apex, wings adorned with a band running through them near the 
apex, not by a small spot, and the first pair of tibife above a little more 
dilated (Stal). Exp. teg., 24 ; bi'oad, 4 millims. 

Reported from Sumatra, India: E. fraferna, Stal [Ofvers. K. V.-A. 
Forh. p. 450 (1858)], from Ceylon is hardly distinguishable from 
E. tomentosa, Fabr. 

3. EURTBEACHTS BIMACULATA, FabriciuS. 

Lystra 2-maculata, Fabricius, Syst. Rhyng. p. 60 (1803). 

Lystra himaculata, Germar, in Tlion's Arch, ii, fasc. 2, p. 55, (1830.) 

Euryhrachys bimuctdata, Stal, Hem. Fabr, ii, p. 100 (18G9). 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliynchota. 15 

S ■ Weakly greyish-olivaceous ; tegmina concolorous, pellucid, re- 
motely and very obsoletely sprinkled fuscous ; a spot behind the apex 
of the clavus and minute apical spots arranged in two transverse rows, 
black, shining : wings very pale olivaceous-greyish hyaline, colourless 
towards the apex and adorned with two black bands, the one short reach- 
ing the exterior margin, the other running through the wing ; interior 
limbas slightly infuscate before the middle : feet weakly, sordid san- 
guineotis, sprinkled fuscous ; tibire and last pair of tarsi, black : venter 
black, margined flavescent. Very closely allied to E. tomentosa, Fabr., 
coloration excepted, differs hardly except in the tegmina being a little 
narrower (Stdl). Long, 6 ; exp. teg., 20 ; broad, 3| millims. 

Reported from Tranquebar. 

4. EuRTCRACHYS SPINOSA, Fabricius. 

Cicada spinosa, Fabr., But. Syst. Suppt. p. 520 (1798) ; Coquebert, 111. ii, p. 45, 
t.9, f. 4 (1790). 

Lystra spinosa, Fabr., Syst. Rhyng., p. 58 (1803). 

Euryhrachys spinosa, Burm., Handb. Ent. ii, (i), p. 150 (1835) ; S23iuola, A. S. 
E. F. (1 ser.) viii, p. 369 (1839). 

Frons large, blunt, yellow : eyes ferruginous, prominulous, funiished 
with a small acute, prominent, spine : head and thorax obscure : teo-- 
mina deflexed, green, with three whitish oblique bands : feet san- 
guineous (Fabr.). Similar to E. tomentosa, Fabr., but tegmina shorter, 
broader and without an apical transverse line cf black dots (Burm.). 
Long, 8| millims. 

Reported from India, Mauritius. 

5. EURTBRACHYS LEPELLETIERI, Guerin. 

Euryhrachys lepelletieri, Guei-in, Voy. Belanger Ind-Orient. p. 476 (1834) ; Sj)!- 
nola, A. S. E. F. (1 ser.) viii, p. 369 (1839) ; Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 381 
(1851). 

S . Rufous : head transverse, broad, with .the anterior part of the frons 
flat, of a golden yellow : antennae rufous : eyes whitish, prominulou^s, 
with a small acute prominent spine : thorax trapeziform of a somewhat 
pale yellow ; tegmina of the same colour with a broad oblique rosy band, 
pointed towards the side, losing itself in the yellow in front, near the 
end another less marked band, a little reddish : wings white: body 
beneath and feet rosy red: abdomen yellowish (Guerin). Body long, 
7 ; exp. teg., 19 millims. 

Reported from Bengal : resembles E. spinosa, Fabr., in form and 
size, but differs in the coloration of the tegmina. 



16 E. T. Atkiiisfin — Notes on Indian Rliyneliota. [No. 1, 

6. EURTBRACHYS PUNCTIFERA, Walker. 

Eiiryhrachys pimctifera, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 383 (1851) ; Diataut, J. 
A. S. B. xlviii, (2), p. 38 (1879). 

S . Body fawn-coloui", irregularly dotted with brown and black ; head 
nearly as broad as the thorax ; vertex very slightly arched, much broad- 
er than twice its length ; frons stramineous with small ferruginous 
marks, transversely angular towards the clypeus where it is sinuate ; its 
bi-eadth about twice its length : clypeus lanceolate, ferruginous, at the 
base stramineous : rostrum tawny, reaching a little beyond the middle 
C0X83 : fore-chest rounded in front, straight behind, not longer than the 
vertex, its bi-eadth about four times its length : middle- chest longer 
than the fore-chest indistinctly 5-carinate : scutellum small, triangular, 
posteriorly acute : pectus pale stramineous : abdomen obconical, a little 
shorter than the thorax, banded with black towards the tip ; anal ap- 
pendages black : legs pale stramineous, mottled with black, especially on 
the fore legs : femora tinged with very pale green, with a few brown 
dots ; only the tips of the fore-femora marked with black ; hind tibiae 
6-spinose ; tips of spines, black : tegmina fawn-colour, colourless to- 
wards the apex, adorned with black dots which are larger, more numer- 
ous, and more distinct towards the tips ; veins tawny : wings almost 
colourless, each with a large black spot near the tip and a smaller one 
on the hind border at three-fourths its length ; veins very pale green 
(Walker). Body long, 10^ ; teg., 37i miUims. 

Reported from Madras ; the Indian Museum has a specimen from 
Tenasserim. 

7. EURTBRACnTS (?) RUBRICINCTA, Walker. 
Euryhrachys ruhricinda, Walker, Ins. Saund. Horn. p. 46 (1858). 

Testaceous : vertex transverse, short, slightly arched, with a brown 
dot on each side ; frons flat, smooth, transverse, dilated and angular on 
each side; face small: thorax slightly marked brown; jjronotum 
slightly rounded in front with a slight median ridge ; mesonotum slight- 
ly tricarinate ; nietanotum bright crimson : legs bright red, anterior legs 
much dilated : tegmina pale luteous, whitish at the tips with three spot- 
ted green bands ; some black marks on the veins, three black dots near 
the anterior angle and two black submarginal points : wings snow- 
white with two black spots in front, the second almost apical. The 
abdomen in S is furnished with foliaceous appendages; in $, towards 
the tip, with a bundle of snow-white filaments (Walker). Body long, 7j ; 
teg., 16| millims. 

Reported from N. India. 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— JV^o^es on Indian Rhynchota. 17 

8. EURYBRACHTS (?) RUBRESCENS, Walker. 

Euryhrachys ruhrescens, Walker, Trans. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 88 (1856), 
Testaceous : head, vertex, and thorax with reddish marks : f rons green- 
ish testaceous : legs rosy red : tegmina pubescent, slightly tubercalated, 
with a black shining dot near the tip of the costa and at three-quarters 
of the length of the hind border, purplish red, and with black dots to- 
wards the base, tawny towards the tips, with a dingy hyaline median 
band and the borders chiefly of the same colour : wings milky white with 
a brown band (Walker). Body long, IQi ; teg., 37—38 millima. 

Reported from Mount Ophir, Singapore. 

9. EURTBRACHTS STTBFASCIATA, Walker. 

Euryhrachys suhfasciata, Walker, List Horn. B, M. ii, p. 391 (1851). 
Issus apicalis, Walker, 1. c. p. 368 (1851). 

<?, ? . Body short, broad, testaceous, sprinkled with a darker colour : 
head as broad as the thorax : vertex very slightly arched with an indis- 
tinct ridge along the border, six times broader than long ; frons short 
flat, forcing an acute angle on each side, not sinuate where it joins the 
clypeus but forming an obtuse inward angle on each side near which it 
has two slight oblique furrows ; more than twice broader than long : 
clypeus triangular, slightly rounded : rostrum ferruginous : eyes spinose : 
fore-chest very slightly rounded anteriorly, straight behind, a little 
longer than the frons : middle-chest longer than the fore-chest, subtrian- 
gular, its hinder sides sinuate : pectus and metanotum red : abdomen 
obconical as long as the thorax : fore r.nd middle legs red, very broad ; 
hind legs slender, dark red, hind femora mostly pale yellow, hind tibige 
4-spinose, tips of spines, black : tegmina pale ferruginous, partly tawny, 
adorned at the tips with a few black spots of various size and varyino- in 
each specimen ; veins ferruginous : wings almost colourless or slightly 
tinged with brown, blackish with a white band towards the tips ; veins 
tawny (Walker-). Body long, 5-6| ; teg., 15 — 16f millims. 
Reported from India, N. Bengal. 

Genus Messena, Stal. 
Stettin Ent. Zeit. xsii, p. 246 (1863) : see p. 10. 

10. Messena pulverosa, Hope. 

Eunjlrachys pulverosa, Hope, Trans. Linn. Soc. xix, p. 131-, t. 12, f. 7a, b, (1845) ; 
Walker, List. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 382 (1851). 

Messena palverosa, Stal, Rio. Jan. Hem. ii, p. 67 (1862) ; Stettin Ent. Zeit. xxiv, 
p. 246 (1863). 



13 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. [No. 1, 

Shining -wliitisli : head and thorax yellow, abdomen concolorotis, 
having the end clothed with a white cottony substance : basal half of 
tegmina virescent, apices fuscoiis-hyaline, sparingly spotted : wings 
whitish, with an irregular black spot at the anterior ruargin and other 
minute spots of the same colour placed posteriorly : first and intermediate 
pairs of feet of a red-lead colour, last pair fuscous (Hope). Body long, 
14^ ; exp. teg,, 55 millims. 

Reported from Silhat : the Indian Museum has a specimen, locality 
unknown. 

11. Messena nebulosa, Stal. 
Messena nelulosa, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit. xsiv, p. 246 (18G3). 

S . Pale fawn-colour ; tegmina sordid whitish, veined fawn-colour : 
towards the base fawn-colour or (especially beneath) weakly violaceous- 
ferruginous, behind the middle clouded and sj^rinkled pale-fuscescent ; 
adorned near the apex in the middle of the apical part with a spot and 
at the commissural margin, some distance behind the middle, with two 
spots (the posterior minute) or with one spot, black ; sometimes spar- 
ingly sprinkled fuscous before the middle : wings whitish, obsoletely 
banded with fuscescent behind the middle, near the apex with some 
small black-fuscous spots which are sometimes wanting : abdomen 
(when alive ?) sanguineous ; apex of the anterior femora and the first pair 
of tibi89 sprinkled fuscous, entire anterior tarsi and the last pair behind 
the middle, black-fiiscous. Closely allied to M. pulverosa, Hope, teg- 
mina and wings narrower, the former are not amplified towards the 
apex and are 2| times longer than the breadth (Stal). Long, 15 ; exp. 
teg., 47 — 50 millims. 

Reported from Cambodia, Malacca and Perak (?). 

Genus TiiESSiTUs, Walker. 

Thessihis, Walker, Journ. Ent. i, p. 307 (1862) ; Stal, Ofvera, K. V.-A. Forh. 
p. 753 (1870) : Thessita, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit. xxii, pp. 246-247, (1863) : see p. 10, 

Sec. A. Vertex shorter than breadth by about one-half, deeply 
sinuate at the base, truncated at the apex, lateral margins obtusely 
elevated in the middle ; frons near the base furnished with a transverse, 
arched, distinct ridge, lateral angles much produced, rounded at the 
apex, lateral margins above and beneath those angles slightly sinuate ; 
infraocular spines short, scarcely visible from above : wings slightly 
narrowed towards the apex, apex broadly rounded. To this section 
belong T. insignis, Westwood, and T. mortiufolia, Walker, 

Sec. B. Vertex less deeply sinuate at the base, apex broadly 
rounded ; frons furnished near the base with a straight obsolete ridge, 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— jV^ofes on Indian Rhjncliota. 19 

parallel to the basal margin, lateral angles rounded at tlie apex, lateral 
margins above those angles slightly sinuate, beneath them straight ; 
infraocular spines somewhat largish, very prominent ; wings more nar- 
rowed towards the apex than in section A. The T. nlgro-notata, Stal, 
belongs to this section. 

12. Thessitus insignis, Westwood. 

Euryhrachys insignis, Westwood, A. M. N. H. ix, p. 119 (1842) ; Hope. Trans. 
Linn. Soc. xix, p. 134, t. 12, f. 9 (1845) ; Walker, List. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 382 (1851) • 
J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 155 (1857) ; 1. c. x, p. 133 (1867). 

Euryhrachys multicolor, Walker, J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 88 (185G), 

Thessita insignis, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 247 (1863). 

Thessitus insignis, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Porli. p. 753 (1870). 

Shining white: head and thorax yellow, sides of abdomen san- 
guineous : tegmina flavescent, sprinkled with various minute black spots : 
wings whitish, with an irregular black spot at the anterior margin and 
other minute spots of the same colour posteriorly : anterior feet fuscous- 
yellow, posterior green, spines on tibige, blackish {Hope). Body long, 
14i\ ; exp. ieg., 54 millims. 

Reported from Malabar; Philippines; Sumatra. 

13. Thessitus mortuifolia, Walker. 

Thessitus mortuifolia, Walker, Jonrn. Ent. i, p. 307, t. 15, f. 4 (1862). 
Thessita mortuifolia, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 247 (1863), 

S . Fawn colour, tibice verging into olivaceous, fii'st pair sprinkled 
fuscous : tegmina pellucid-greyish, veined fuscous and suljolivaceous, 
marked with black spots and small black transvei'se lines at the margins ; 
entii-e clavus and oblique basal part of corium olivaceous-virescent, co- 
rium adorned behind the virescent part with a very oblique sanguineous 
patch which does not reach the costal margin : wings whitish, furnished 
near the apex with 5-6 black spots, two larger and sometimes confluent. 
In stature very similar to T. insignis^ Westwood ; tegmina more than 
twice longer than broad, not amplified towards the apex, the apex obliquely 
rounded, costal margin slightly sinuate in the middle (Stal). Long, 14 ; 
exp. teg., 50 millims. 

Reported from Cambodia : the Indian Museum has a specimen 
from Perak. 

14. THBSaiTTJS NIGRO-NOTATTTS, Stal. 

Thessita nigro-nntata, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 247 (1863). 

S . Fawn-colour : basal spot on clypeus, band on frons placed a little 
beneath the middle, abbreviated and interrupted in the middle, a band 
a little above the middle ninning between the lateral angles and twice 



20 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynctota. [No. 1, 

broadly interrupted, and small confluent spots placed at tlie basal margia 
and above the subbasal ridge, two spots on the genae (one basal, the 
other apical), five spots on the vertex, antennse, two anterior and one 
lateral spot on the thorax, four small subbasal spots on the scutellum, 
apical spots on the first pair of femora and spots on the anterior tibise, 
black : tegmina towards the base more obscure, sparingly sprinkled 
black and adorned with a sanguineous line near the costal margin before 
the middle ; costal margin behind the middle and the apical margin 
marked with small black spots : wings weakly fuscescent, veined obso- 
letely violaceous, apical part sordid whitish, marked by a large spot (some- 
limes divided into two) and several minute marginal spots, black-fuscous ; 
last pair of tibifB infuscate. Vertex more than twice broader than long : 
tegmina slightly amplified towards the apex, obtusely obliquely rounded 
at the apex : tibiaa 5 — 6 spinose (Stdl). Long, 11 ; exp. teg., 32 millims. 
Reported from Malacca, Tenasserim. 

Genus LoxoCEPHALA, Schaum. 

Ersch & Gruber, Allg. Ency. Wissen & Kunste, art. Fulgorida, sec. 51, p. 71 
(1850) : see p. 10. 

15. LoXOCEPHALA JIRUGINOSA, Hope. 

Lystra ceruginosa, HoiJe, Trans. Linn. Soc. xviii, p. 443, t. 31, f. 1 (1841). 
Euryhrachys ceruginosa, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 382 (1851). 
Loxocephala ceruginosa, Schaum, Allg. Enc, Wissen. & Kunste sec. 51, p. 71 
(1850). 

Body above and head green ; face flat, anterior margin acutely 
curved, frontal ridge between the eyes parallel with the anterior mar- 
gin : tegmina sordid fulvescent varied with green and black ; margins 
externally dull black ; basal half irrorated ; apical half with a large 
round spot before the apex and the apex, black : wings powdered white : 
feet sanguineous (Hope). Long, 27|- ; broad, 8| millims. 

Reported from Silhat. In a specimen in the Indian Museum from 
Sikkim the dull black margin to the apex is wanting or obsolete. 

16. Loxocephala decora. Walker. 

Euryhrachys decora, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 382 (1851). 

S • Body green : head nearly as broad as the thoi-ax ; vertex with a 
rim which is black in front and behind, slightly rounded anteriorly, very 
slightly sinuate posteriorly, about three times broader than long ; frons 
large, scutcheon-shaped, much broader than long, surrounded by a slight 
rim ; clypeus small : rostrum tawny : pronotum hardly longer than 
the vertex, nearly straight behind, slightly rounded on fore-border along 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 21 

whicli there is a black band ; thrice broader than long : mesonotuni 
short, hardly longer than the pronotnm, nearly triangular, with a black 
interrupted band in front : abdomen obconical, much longer than the 
thorax : legs red ; fore legs rather broad and flat, fore tibise striped 
black, feet partly black : tegmina green with an oblique black band 
at the base, black along the tips, near which there is another ob- 
lique black band in the disc, two white dots in the middle, one near the 
fore border, the second near the hind border and nearer the tip than the 
first ; veins green : wings white, green towards the tips which are 
black ; an oblique black spot on the fore-border near the tip ; veins pale 
yellow (Walker). Body long, 10| ; wings long, 29| millims. 

Reported from Assam : the Indian Museum possesses a specimen 
from Sikkim. 

Genus Nesis, Stal. 
Kio Jan. Hem. ii, p. 67 (1862) : see p. 10. 

17. Nesis tricolor, Walker. 

Eurijhrachys tricolor, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 384, (1851), 
Nesis tricolor, Stal, R. J. Hem. ii, p. 67 (18G2) ; Stettin Ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 248 
(1863). 

? . Sanguineous ; head weakly olivaceous, frons margined fuscous at 
the base ; tegmina blackish, weaker at the apex, variegated with con- 
fluent sordid stramineous-powdered spots ; wings whitish. Differs from 
N. sanguinipes, Stal, in not having the tegmina distinctly narrowed 
towards the apex. Vertex a little longer in the middle than at the eyes, 
anteriorly broadly rounded : frons flat, aciculate : thorax bi-impressed in 
the middle : scntellum unicarinate : tegmina scarcely narrowed towards 
the apex, costal and commissural margins snbparallel, obliquely broadly 
rounded at the apex, transverse veinlets vsn'e, &ne (Stal). Long, 9 ; 
exp. teg., 28 millims. 

Reported from India. 

18. Nesis (?) sanguinipes, Stal. 
Aphcena sanguinipes, Stal, Ofvera. K. V.-A. Forli. xi, p. 245 (1854). 

Head, sordid yellow-testaceous ; thorax and scntellum obscurely 
rufous-testaceous : tegmina black-fuscous with two indistinct bands and 
several posterior spots yellow farinose ; beneath with feet sanguineous 
(Stal). Long, 8 ; broad, 4 millims. 

Reported from India. 



22 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. [No. 1, 

Geuns Frutis, Stal. 
Ofrers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 488 (1862) : see p. 11. 

19. Frutis pulchra, Gray. 

Lystra pulchra, Gray, Griffith's ed. An. King. Ins. ii, p. 260, t. 90, f . 5 (1832). 
Aphcena pulchra, Walker, List Horn. B. il. ii, p. 278 (1851). 
Aphcena veris-amor, Walker, J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 143 (1857). 
Frutis pulchra, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 488, 500 (1862). 

$ . Greenisli-brown with the abdomen bright red, the tip clothed with 
a whitish cottony substance : tegmina green at the base, spotted with 
white opaque colour, with a transverse arched band of fulvous yellow ; 
tip pale yellowish-browTi : wings covered with a white rosy matter with 
broAvu spots near the base and pale yellowdsh-brown at the apex : veins 
delicate {Gray). Black, face and legs ferruginous : abdomen red : 
tegmina narrow, intensely grass-green, with the costa, a basal spot, a 
few dots on the disc and an exterior cui'ved transverse line, yellow ; 
tips tawny : underside with various marks of white tomentum which 
also appear on the costa above, at the base : wings snow-white with 
tawny tips (J., veris-amor, Walker). Body long, 23; exp. teg., 55 
millims. 

Reported from Borneo, India : the type of the genus, see Stal. 

20. Species of uncertain position. 

Euryhrachis reversa, Hope, Trans. Ent. Soe. xix, p. 134, t. 12, f. 8 (1845) ; Eury- 
hrachys id., Walker, List Horn. B. il. ii, p. 382 (1851). 

Fuscous-yellow, head and thorax concolorous, abdomen whitish in 
the middle, adorned posteriorly with a yellow cottony substance ; apex 
shining white : tegmina fuscous-yellow, tinted subsanguineous at the 
base ; a round white spot at anterior margin, a second smaller 
almost on the middle of the disc and other very minute spots sprinkled 
about : basal half of wings whitish, apex irregularly irrorated fuscous : 
four anterior feet yellow-fuscous ; tibiae more obscure ; last femora 
pale testaceous ; tibi^ blackish (Hope) . Body long, 14| ; exp. teg., 3-1 
millims. 

Reported fi'om Silhat. 

Subfam. Dicttopharina, Stal. 

Ofrers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 744 (1870) : Dicfyopharida, Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 
129, 149 (1866) : PsewdopTiaruZes pt., Am. & Serv., Hist. Xat. Ins. Hem. p. 502 
(1843) : Dyctiophoroides pt., Spinola, A. S. E. F. (1 ser.) viii, p. 283 (1839). 

Last tibife without a mobile spur at the apex : sides of fi'ons not 
angulated ; feet very often simple ; anal area of wings never reticulate. 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— JV^ofes on Indian Rhyncliota. 23 

Claviis very rarely granulate, acuminate at apex, rarely somewhat obtu- 
sisli, distinctly closed, Uvo veins distant or very distant from the apex, 
sometimes, however, behind the middle of the clavus united in one; 
costa very rarely dilated : tegmina sometimes abbreviated or connate 
with clavus and corium. Claval vein not reaching the apex, united with 
the commissural margin near the apex : tegmina connate with clavus and 
corium, the lateral margins of the clypeus always carinate or acuminate : 
frons without an apical ocellus (Stdl) . 

Genus DiCHOPTEEA, Spinola. 

A. S. E. F. (1 ser.) viii, p. 286 (1839) ; Stal, Hem. Afric. W, p. 149 (1866). 

Tegmina not or barely al^breviated, reaching at least the apex of the 
abdomen, very often extending beyond it : clavus distinct, furnished 
with one transverse vein between the interior vein and the claval suture : 
head narrower than the thorax : costa a little dilated, inti-amarginal : 
tegmina furnished with very numerous transverse veins towards the 
apex ; feet longish : last pair of tibiae multispinose, first pair longer 
than the femora (Stdl). 

21. DiCHOPTEEA HYALINATA, Fabricius. 

Fulgora hyalinata, Fabr., Spec. Ins. ii, p. 315 (1781) ; Mant. Ins. ii, p. 261 
(1787) ; Oliv^ier, Enc. Meth. vi, p. 572 (1791) : Fabr., Ent. Syst. iv, p. 5 (1794) ; Syst. 
Ehyng. p. 4 (1803) ; Donovan, Ins. India, t. 7, f. 3 (1800). 

Fulgora hyalina, Gmelin, ed. Syst. Nat. i (4), p. 2091 (1782). 

Flata hyalinata, Germar, Mag. Ent. iii, p. 190 (1818) ; Thon's Arcbiv. ii, (fasc. 
2), p. 47 (1830). 

Dyctiophora hyalinata, Germar, Silb. Rev. Ent. i, p. 175 (1834). 

Pseudophana hyalinata, Burm., Handb. Ent. ii, (i), p, 160 (1835) ; Westwood, 
Trans. Linn. See. xviii, p. 150 (1841). 

Dichoptera hyalinata, Spinola, A. S. E. F. (1 ser.) viii, p. 289, t. 13, f. 3 (1839) ; 
Am. & Sew., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 504 (1843) ; Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 
303 (1851). 

Frons produced, short, conical, above inequal, beneath furrowed, 
pallid, with black dots and streaks : eyes large, globose, white : thorax 
pallid, irrorated black : scutellum more obscure : tegmina hyaline, veins 
punctured white aiid black and with a black streak in the middle : wings 
hyaline with a dull black spot on the ajjex (Fairicias). Body long, 19| ; 
exp. teg., 50 millinis. 

Reported from Bengal : the Indian Museum possesses specimens 
from Bangalore, Calcutta, India. 



24 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliynchota. [No. 1, 

Genus Metauruk, Stal. 

Hem. Afric. iv, p. 151 (1866). 

Head not or but very slightly callous behind the eyes, this callous part 
seen fi-om the side forming a narrow margin behind the eyes, the cepha- 
lic process short and slender ; vertex, the disc of the thorax, and scutellum 
lying in the same plane ; f rons and clypeus long, the former tricarinate, the 
latter unicarinate in the middle ; second joint of the antennae short, 
subglobose ; rostrum extending beyond the apex of the last coxee : tho- 
rax carinate in the middle : apical two-thirds of the tegniina very dense- 
ly reticulated, costa veiy slightly dilated ; the two claval veins unit- 
ed behind the middle : feet long, slender ; first pair of coxae, oblong, 
scarcely reaching the apex of the clypeus ; first femora scarcely dilated 
beneath, armed with a small minute tooth near the apex ; tibijE simple, 
longer than the first femora, last pair 6-spined {Stal). 

22. Metaurus reticulatus, Stal. 

Metaurus reticulatios, Stal, Berlin Ent. Zeitsclir. x, p. 391 (1866). 

5 . Pale yellow-virescent : tegmina pale yellow-greenish-hyaline, 
veins greenish ; wings somewhat colourless : the small tubercle placed 
on the genae before the upper part of the eyes and a small anterior spot 
on the sides of the thorax behind the eyes, black and shining : cephalic 
process short, slender, twice as long as the thorax, turning uj^wards ; 
frons oblong, very slightly roundly amplified towards the apex, narrowed 
above the middle : thorax with a somewhat indistinct ridge : scutel- 
lum slightly tricarinate : tegmina gradually somewhat amplified towards 
the apex ; stigma with eight veins (Stal). Long, 11 ; exp. teg., 32 mil- 

lims. 

Reported from Cambodia. 

Genus Akagnia, Stal. 

Stettin Ent. Zeit. xxii, p. 149 (1861) ; Hem. Afric. IV, p. 151 (1866). 

Head prominent before the eyes ; frons elongate, tricarinate ; cly- 
peus marginate, carinate in the middle : pronotum carinate in the mid- 
dle posteriorly angularly- emarginate, anteriorly behind the head, 
obtusely angularly-prominent : tegmina extending much beyond the 
abdomen, longitudinal veins on corium forked and united with some 
few transverse veinlets towards the apex: feet rather long, slender, 
first pair of femora dilated beneath, last pair of tibia) multispinose : 
allied to Dictyo})hara (StalJ. 



1886.] E. T. Aikinson—Nutes on Lulian Rliyncliota. 25 

23. Anagnia splendens, Germar. 

Flata splendens, Germar in Thon's Archiy. ii, fasc. 2, p. 48 (1830) : Walker, List 
Horn. B. M. ii, p. 310 (1851). 

Pseudophana splendens, Westwood, Trans. Linn. Soc. xviii, p. 151 (1841). 

Dictyophora indiana, Walker, 1. c. p. 310 (1851). 

Anagnia splendens, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit. xxii, p. 149 (1861.) 

^,2. Greyish- flavescent, sprinkled fuscous; a stigmatic spot on 
the tegmina and interior streak behind the middle, a small subapical 
streak on the wings, fuscous ; anterior tibiae ringed black, last pair with 
spine black (Stal). Long, 7— 9^ ; exp. teg., 20—25 millims. 
Reported from Manilla, Java, Bombay, India. 

Genus Centromeria, Stal. 
Of vers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 745 (1870). 

Body somewhat elongate : head produced, ascending more or less 
before the eyes, gradually narrowed : vertex somewhat equal in breadth 
to the eyes, gradually acuminated before the eyes ; frons tricarinate, the 
median ridge running through it very distinct, lateral ridges extended 
through half of the upper frons, less elevated ; a distinct ridge run- 
ning through the clypeus : thorax unicarinate, posteriorly broadly an- 
gularly sinuated : scutellum tricarinate : tegmina gradually amj^lified 
towards the apex, apical part furnished with numerous transverse veins ; 
the veins of the clavus united behind the middle ; interior ulnar vein 
forked at almost the same distance from the base and from the united 
claval veins ; radial vein forked a little behind the middle of the 
tegmen ; stigma elongate or oblong, with some veins : feet long, slender ; 
first pair of femora beneath near the apex with a very minute, acute 
spinule. l^ear to Dlctyopliara, Germar, the feet are longer and more 
slender and the first pair of femora spined (Stal). 

24. Centromeria speilinea, Walker. 
Dictyophora speilinea, Walker, J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 84 (185G). 

Green : head, three ridges on the pronotum (the lateral pair mai'- 
ginal) and three on the mesonotum also its sides in j)ai't, emerald-green : 
head with three ridges above and one beneath and two ridges on pro- 
notum near the lateral emerald-green ridges, luteous : cephalic protu- 
berance lanceolate, ascending, as long as the hind part of the head : 
fore tibiae and tarsi, tawny : tegmina and wings liinpid, veins and stigma 
green, the latter occupying three ai-eolas (Wallier). Body long, 10| : 
exp. teg., 29| millims. 

Reported from Singapore. 
4 



26 E. T. Atkinson — Notes ow Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 1, 

Genus DiCTYOPHAEA, Gerraar. 

Dictyoplwm, Germar, Silb. Eev. Ent. i, p- 165 (1833) : Walker, List Horn. B. M. 
ii, p. 307 (1851). 

Dijctiophora Spinola, A. S. E. F. (1 ser.) viii, p. 290 (1839) : Pseudophana, 
Burm., Handb. Ent. ii (i) p. 159 (1835) ; Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 506 
(1843) : Chanithus, Amyot, A. S. E. F. (2 ser.) v, p. 160 (1847) ; Kolenati, Mel. 
Ent. rii, p. 29 (1857) : Nersia, Stal, Rio Jan. Hem. ii, p. 62 (1861) : I>ictyophara, 
Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 154 (18G6) : Fieber, Rev. Mag. Zool. (3 ser.) iii, p. 357 
(1875). 

Body oblong or oval, a little depressed : head not or only very sliglitly 
callous behiiid the eyes, varying very much in form, abruptly ti'uncated 
before the eyes or more or less to a distance protuberant, the protuber- 
ance straight or recurved : vertex and frons very often carinated : cly- 
peus long, carinated in the middle : second joint of antennse small, sub- 
globose : rostrum long : thorax very often broadly emarginated at the 
base, slightly sinuated anteriorly behind the eyes, touching the entire 
posterior margin of the head, furnished with 1 — 3 ridges : scutellum very 
often tricarinated. Tegmina very often extending beyond the apex of 
the abdomen, third ]Dart or barely apical half furnished with trans- 
verse veins ; clavus without a transverse vein : feet moderate or longish, 
slender, simple ; first pair of femora unarmed, shorter than the tibiae, 
last pair of tibisB 4 — 6-si3inose : exterior radial and ulnar veins conti- 
guous at the base (Sldl). 

25. DiCTTOPHAKA LINEATA, Donovan. 

Fulgora lineata, Donovan, Ins. India, t. 8, f. 1 (1800) ; Westwood, Trans. Linn. 
Soo. xviii, p. 147 (1841). 

Fulgora pallida, G. Gray, Griffith, An. King., Ins. ii, p. 260, t. 90, f. 2 (1832). 
Victyophora lineata, Walker, Cat. Hom. B. M. ii, p. 310 (1851). 

Cephalic process linear, ascending ; tegmina pale with two brown 
lines {Donovan). Pale testaceous or fulvous- whitish : cephalic process as 
long as half the body, ascending, pale greyish-luteous, slender, a little 
thickened at the apex : tegmina narrow, elongate, whitish, with black- 
ish dots arranged in lines towards the internal and extei'ual margin of 
the posterior part of the tegmina, also a narrow black line towards 
the base of the costa : cephalic process and feet, punctured black : last 
femora at the apex and the tarsi broad {Westio.) Body long with 
ceiDhalic process (wings closed), 12^ millims. 

Reported from Bengal. In Donovan's figure, the black spots on the 
tegmina appear to be confluent foi'ming two lines and extending through- 
out the entire length of the tegmina : the Indian Museum possesses a 
specimen from Sibsagar (Assam). 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— iVoi'es on Indian Rliyncliota. 27 

26. DiCTTOPHAEA PALLIDA, Donovan. 

Fulgora pallida, Donovan, Ins. India, t. 8 f. 2 (1800). 
Pseudophana pallida, Westwood, Trans. Linn. Soc. xviii, p. 150 (1841). 
Dictyophora pallida, Walker, Cat. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 310 (1851) : nee D. pallida, 
Walker, 1. c. p. 320. 

Cephalic process linear, ascending : tliorax pale green, with red 
lineations ; tegmina hyaline (Donovan). Size of preceding, but easily 
recognized by the longitudinal red lines on pronotum and prostethium. 
Body long with cephalic process, 12| ; to end of closed tegmina, 19| 
millims. 

Reported from Bengal : the Indian Museum possesses specimens 
from Raniganj (Lower Bengal). 

27. DiCTTOPHAEA GEAMiNEA, Fabricius. 

Fulgora graminea, Frabricius, Syst. Rhyng. p. 4 (1803). 
Flata graminea, Germar in Tlion's Archiv. ii. fasc. 2, p. 47 (1830). 
Pseudophana graminea, Burm., Handb. Ent. ii (2) p. 160 (1835) ; Wesfcwood, 
Trans. Linn. Soc. xviii, p. 150 (1841). 

Dictyophora graminea, Walker, List. Ilom. B. M. ii, p. 309 (1851). 

Cephalic process porrect, bicarinate broadly above : tegmina and 
body green, immaculate {Fahr.). 
Rej)orted fi'om India. 

28. DiCTTOPHAEA DESPECTA, Walker. 
Dictyophora despecta. Walker, List. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 314 (1851). 

<? . Body tawny : head quite four times longer than the pronotum ; 
the cephalic protuberance continued in a line with the pronotum, almost 
prismatic, slightly tapering from the base to the tip which is rather 
obtuse : angles green : pronotum slightly conical in front, much siuuated 
on the hind border, adorned with five bright green stripes ; a slight 
oblique ridge on each side : mesonotum with three bright green stripes 
and a green spot on each side : abdomen obconical, a little longer than 
the thorax : legs pale tawny, slender, slightly grooved ; hind tibite ai-med 
with four black-tipped spines : wings colourless, a slight tawny tinge on 
the tegmina ; stigma tawny, occupying parts of 2 — 3 areolas : veins brown, 
tawny towards the base (Walker). Body long, 10| ; teg., 16| miUims. 

Reported from Malabar coast. 

29. DiCTTOPHAEA siNiCA, Walker. 

Dictyophora sinica. Walker, List. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 321 (1851) ; Stal, Ofvere. 
K. V. A. Forh. p. 487 (1862). China. 

Dictyophora inscripta. Walker, 1. c, p. 322 (1851). Hong Kong. 
Dictyophora insculpta, Walker, 1. c, Suppt. p. 67 (1858). N. China. 



28 E. T. Atkinson— JVo/m on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 1, 

Body pale luteous, almost fusiform : head above with a short green 
stripe Avhich does not extend beyond the vertex, the lateral edges of which 
are also green ; beneath bright luteons with a pale green border, the median 
X'idge extending to the clypeus, bright green ; clypeus tawny, sti'iped with 
brown towards the tip : rostrum pale tawny : pronotum striped green ; 
mesonotum with three indistinct green stripes : abdomen green, a brown 
stripe on the disc, pale tawny at the tip : legs pale tawny, partly striped 
with brown ; hind tibice with four black-tipped spines : tegmina and 
wings colourless, the tips of the former pale yellowish-brown ; stigma 
brown occupying three areolas ; veins green, brown towards the tips 
{Walker). Body long, 9| ; teg,, 16| millims. 

Reported from China : Assam (?). 

80. DiCTTOPHAKA (P) NiGRiMACULA, Walker. 

Dictyo^h.ora nigrimacula, Walker, List. Horn. B. M, ii, p. 318 (1851). 

d . Body fusiform : head as long as the thorax tapering slightly to 
the tip which is obtuse, slightly elevated ; cephalic protuberance trans- 
versely striated above and on each side ; upper side ferruginous ; vertex 
with a median stripe, yellow, and lateral stripes, green, which last are 
continued along near half the length to the tip j a black median stripe 
extends from the vertex to the tips towards which it occupies the 
whole disc ; sides black with tawny bordei's : under-side bright orange 
I'ed, having on each side a tawny brown-spotted stripe which in its 
course becomes bright green and is continued along the clypeus ; the 
bright green middle-ridge also extends along the whole length and is 
pale yellow at each end ; the under side slightly widens along the whole 
length from the tip to the clypeus, with the exception of a slight con- 
traction between the eyes : clypeus I'eddish at its base, brown with 
yellow stripes towards its tip : rostrum tawny with a black tip, reaching 
the hind coxas : pronotum ferruginous, slightly widened and almost angu- 
lar in front, slightly sinuated along the posterior margin, with five bright 
green ridges : the inner pair a little oblique, the outer jDair more oblique 
and parallel to the sides which are green ; the space beneath on each 
side of the eyes is pyriform, red, with a green border and a bright green 
median stripe : mesonotum black along the anterior margin, with three 
bright green slightly interrupted stripes ; on each side near the base of 
the tegmen is a bright green spot ; beneath black with a few yellow 
stripes and a ferruginous border : abdomen black, obcouical, a little 
longer than the thorax with five rows of greenish-tawny spots, those of 
the middle row are slender and form a slightly interrupted stripe, the 
others are irregular and much emarginated : legs tawny, slightly 
grooved, striped black, feet black towards the tips, posterior tibiae armed 



1886.] B. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Ilhynchota. 29 

with five black-tipped spines ; hind-feet much dilated : tegmina and 
•wings colourless, tips of the former brown, stigma very dark occupying 
3 — 4 areolets, veins black, greenish-tawny at the base (Walhar) . Body 
long, lOi ; ieg., 21 millims. 
Reported from N. India. 

31. DiCTTOPHARA (?) ALBIVITTA, Walker. 
DictyopJiora alhivitta, Walker, List. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 319 (1851). 

S . Body tawny, fusiform : head above with three green stripes, me- 
dian more distinct ; beneath with a bright green ridge and on each side 
a pale green stripe, the three continued throughout the whole length 
and through a part of the clypeus ; rostrum tawny, tip black, extending 
a little beyond the intermediate coxas : pronotum anteriorly rounded, 
not conical, slightly sinuated along the hind border which like the sides is 
green : disc with five bright green stripes, inner pair curved, slightly ob- 
lique, outer pair more oblique, parallel to the sides ; plates beneath, pyri- 
form, bordered with green and with a green stripe : mesonotum with three 
green stripes and a green siDot on each side : abdomen grass-green, ob- 
conical, mottled yellow, tawny at the tip with three parallel indistinct 
whitish stripes : legs pale tawny, partly green, slightly grooved ; femora 
and anterior tibige striped brown, posterior tibise armed with five black- 
tipped spines ; posterior feet much dilated : tegmina and wings colour- 
less, the former slightly tawny at the tip ; stigma tawny occupying two 
areolets and part of a third ; veins pale greenish-tawny, darker towards 
the tips (Wallcer). Body long, 10^; teg., 21 millims. 

Reported from N. Bengal. 

32. DiCTTOPHARA WALKERI, n. Sp. 
Dictyophora pallida, Walker, List B. M. ii, p. 320 (1851) j neo Donovan. 
i . Body fusiform, pale luteous : tip of vertex, black : head above 
with a bright green stripe along each edge and with a short green median 
stripe which does not extend beyond the eyes ; sides green ; beneath 
bright luteous with three bright green ridges which are continued along 
part of the clypeus : rostrum tawny, tip black, reaching nearly to the 
last coxfB : pronotum hardly conical in front, slightly sinuate posteriorly, 
bordered with green, with five bright green stripes, side plates pyriform 
with green margins and a bright green median stripe : mesonotum with 
three and the sides with two green stripes : abdomen obcoiiical, a little 
longer than the thorax, yellow with whitish stripes, luteous towards the 
base, tawny at the tip : posterior margins of the segments grass-green : 
legs slender, slightly grooved, dull pale yellow, tinged with green ; tips 



30 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota, [No. 1, 

of the feet and of the fore tibice, brown ; hind tibiae armed with four 
black-tipped spines ; hind feet moderately broad : tegmina and wings 
colourless, a slight tawny tinge on the tips of the tegmina, stigma pale 
brown, occupying two areolets and part of a third ; veins gi'eeu, browu 
towards the tips (Walker). Body long, 7j ; teg., 14| millims. 
Reported from N. India. 

33. DiCTYOPHArvA LEPTOuniNA, Walker. 
Dictyophora leptorhina, Walker, List Horn, B. M. ii, p. 321 (1851). 

<f . Body tawny, fusiform : cephalic prolongation with the four aides 
of equal breadth with green edges, a green stripe above, distinct only on 
the vertex, that beneath appearing along the whole length to the clypeus 
which is brown : rostrum tawny, tip black, reaching the hind coxfe : pro- 
notum rounded in front, more slightly sinuate behind, with green ridges 
which also appear on the mesonotum : abdomen green, obconical, slight- 
ly luteous towards the base, longer than the thorax : legs pale tawny, 
slightly grooved ; femora striped black ; hind tibiee armed with five 
black-tipped spines ; hind feet much dilated : tegmina and wings colour- 
less ; stigma brown, colouring the borders but not the discs of three 
areolas ; veins of the tegmina brown, green towards the base ; veins of 
wings, black (Walher). Body long, 9^ ; teg., 19 millims. 

Reported from Java : with the thorax luteous, from India. 

34. DiCTYOPHARA SAUROPSis, Walker. 
Dictyophora sauropsis, Walker, Jour. Eut. i, p. 306 (1862). 

S . Tawny : head forming a long, quadi'ilateral, slightly tapering 
cone, which haa a rim on both sides, above and beneath ; underside 
reddish ochraceous, with three other pale ridges : pronotum arched, 
more than four times as broad as long, with a median ridge : mesonotum 
bicarinate : tegmiua and wings cinereous hyaline ; veins black, pale 
tawny towards the base ; transverse veinlets incrassated : tegmina with 
an elongated black stigma (Walker). Body long, 10^ ; teg., 21 millims. 

Reported from Dacca (Bengal). 

35. DiCTYOPHARA PATRUELIS, Stal. 

Pseudopliana patruelis, Stal, Freg. Eng. Rea. Ins. p. 271 (1859). 
Dictyophara patruelis, Stal, Rio Jan. Hem. ii, p. 63 (1862). 

S . Weakly miniaceous : vertex, abdomen, and feet sordid weak ila- 
vescent : frons, clypeus, thorax, scutellum, and pectus with grass-green 
ridges : tegmina vitreous, veins and stigma fuscous : head as long as 
the thorax and scutellum taken together. Close to D. sohrina, Stal, but 



1886.] E. T. AfkivLBon—Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 31 

smaller and head shorter :head test aceous-flavescent ; vertex with a long- 
itudinal ridge between the eyes ; frons, clypeiis, and thorax miniaceous, 
the two former with ridges, the last with a median ridge, an oblique line on 
both sides and a lateral ridge and the lateral margins, grass-green : scu- 
tellum weakly miniaceous, with three parallel ridges and a posterior spot 
on each side, grass-green : tegmina almost twice as long as the abdomen, 
sordid vitreous, the third apical part transversely veined; veins and 
stigma fuscous : pectus weakly miniaceous with a grass-green ridge on 
both sides : abdomen and feet weak sordid virescent-flavescent, the disc 
of the abdomen and the apices and lines on the feet, black-fuscous 
(Stdl). Body long, 8 ; broad, 2j millims. 
Reported from Malacca. 

Subfam. ClxiiNA, Stal. 

Cixiida, Stal, Hem. Afric. IV, p. 129, 164 (1866) ! Cixiina, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. 
p. 746 (1870). 

Similar to DictyopJiarina except that there are usually three ocelli, 
one of which is placed on the apex of the fi^ons : this frontal ocellus is 
very rarely wanting and if wanting the sides of the clypeus are convex 
and ecarinate (Sfdl), 

Genus Cixius, Latreille, Stal. 

Gen. Ins. iii, p. 166 (1807) ; Guerin, Voy. Belanger Ind. Orient. Zool. p. 463 
(1834) ; Burm., Handb. ii (i) p. 156 (1835) : Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 164, 169 
(1866) : Fieber, Eev. Mag. Zool. (3 ser.) iii, p. 355 (1875). 

Head somewhat narrower than the thorax, short, roundly sinuated 
at the base ; vertex somewhat concavish ; frons and clypeus together 
elliptical, famished with a median ridge running through them ; frous 
with an ocellus on the apex, sides of clypeus carinated : eyes slightly or 
only very slightly sinuated beneath : antennce inserted beneath the eyes, 
very short, first joint concealed, second small, subglobose : thorax very 
Bhort, posteriorly, deeply, angularly emarginated : scutellum tricarinate 
lateral margins of tegmina parallel, interior ulnar vein and the radial vein 
forked at a distance from the base : feet moderate, simple, last tibioa armed 
with 2 — 3 splines (Stdl). 

36. Cixius (?) albistriga, "Walker. 

Cixiiis albistriga, Walker, J. Liun. See. Zool. i, p. 87 (1856). 

Blackish, testaceous beneath : head miich smaller and frons nar- 
I'ower than in European si^ecies ; frons dark brown : posterior margins of 
abdominal segments reddish above, whitish beneath : tegmina brown 



32 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 1, 

with three whitish transverse streaks towards the tip of the coata : wings 
grey {Wallcer'). Body long, 4j ; teg., 10| millims. 

Reported from Singapore : a specimen doubtfully assigned to this 
species has been received from Burma, but is probably a Brixia. 

37. Cixius (?) CAUDATUS, Walker. 
Cixius caudatus, Walker, Ins. Saund. Horn. -p. 43 (1S5S). 

Tawny : vertex depressed, longer than broad, its borders elevated ; 
frons and face forming a fusiform compartment with a median ridge : 
pronotum arched, very narrow in the middle ; mesonotum 5-carinate, 
the external pair of ridges angulate, a brown stripe interlined with tawny 
on each side : oviduct extending far beyond the abdomen, sheaths 
brown : legs testaceous : tegmina with a brown stigma, veins testaceous 
with black dots, some black streaks also on the disc before the middle 
and the transverse veinlets and some parts of the exterior veins clouded 
with brown : wings with black veins (Walker). Body long, 4j ; teg., 
12^ millims. 

Reported from India. 

38. Cixius (?) effebatus, Walker. 

Cixius ejferatus, Walker, J. Linn. S. Zool. i, \i. 87 (ISoG). 

Testaceous : frons subfusiform, attenuated in front ; eyes large 
nearly contiguous on the vertex : abdomen tawny : tegmina and wings 
limpid ; veins tawny ; stigma testaceous, with a brown spot close to its 
tip and opposite a smaller and paler brown spot on the interior border : 
wings with a brown streak at the tip of the costa (Walker). Body long, 
5j J exp. teg., 12J millims. 

Reported from Singapore. 

Genus Oliarus, Stal. 

Berlin Ent. Zeitschr. vi, p. 306 (1862) ; Hem. Afric. iv, p. 164, 16G (1866) ; 
Hem. Fabr. ii, p. 92 (1868) : Fieber, Rev. Mag. Zool. (3 ser.) iii, p. 356 (1875). 

Head somewhat narrower than the thorax, angularly emarginate 
at the base ; vertex varying in length and breadth, concave ; frons and 
clypeus together elliptical, furnished with a distinct, median, longitudinal 
ridge running through them, lateral margins rounded, slightly dilated ; 
frons with an ocellus on the apex ; sides of clypeus ridged : eyes scarcely 
or but slightly sinuated beneath : antennas very short, inserted beneath 
the eyes, first joint hidden, second somewhat globose, small : thorax very 
short, posteriorly deeply angularly sinuated : scutellum with five ridges : 
tegmina rounded at the apex ; radial and exterior ulnar vein contiguous 
at the base itself, radial and interior ulnar vein forked at a more or less 



1880.} E. T. Atklnsou—A"'of05 on Indian Rhynclaota, 33 

distance before the middle of the tegmiua : feet moderate, single ; last 
pair of tibiee, 2— 3-spinose (Stdl). 

39. Oliarus waleeri, Stal. 

Cixius ivalheri, Stal, Freg. Bug. Eesa. Hem., p. 272 (1859). 

Oliarus tvalTceri, Stal, Berlin Eut. Zeitschr. vi, p. 30G (1862). 

(J . Obscurely testaceous ; frons and feet testaceous-yellow : tegmina 
weak vinaceous-hyaline ; veins concolorous, remotely punctured fuscous 
behind the middle ; the five apical transverse veins clothed fuscous ; stigma 
weak testaceous-yellow, inwardly narrowly fuscous : head yellow-testace- 
ous ; vertex almost twice as long as broad with two ridges runnino- for- 
wards from the middle, converging ; frons with the oval clypeus narrow- 
ed at base and apex, a single forked ridge at the base itself : thorax very 
short, posteriorly angularly-sinuated, testaceous, with five ridges of a 
lighter colour of which the lateral pair diverge somewhat towards the 
apex : tegmina with the veins concolorous, fuscous at the apex ; beneath 
with feet pale testaceous-flavescent ; pectus black-fuscous {Stdl). Long, 
4 ; broad, 1| millims. 

Reported from Malacca, Manilla. 

40. Oliarus bohemani, Stal. 

Cixius hohemani, Stal, Freg. Eng. Ecsa. Horn., p. 272 (1859). 
Oliarus bohemani, Stal, Berlin Ent. Zeitschr. p. 30G (1862)„ 

<y , $ . Blackish : ridges on the head, incisures on abdomen and the 
tibice, pale testaceous-yellow, tegmina weak vinaceous hyaline, veins re- 
motely punctured fuscous. Head blackish ; vertex longer by half than 
broad with a less elevated longitudinal ridge and another transverse 
arched one behind the apex ; frons and the oval clypeus with a single 
longitudinal ridge, forked at the base itself : thorax very short, testace- 
ous yellow, posteriorly angularly-sinuated : scutellum blackish, somewhat 
parallel, with five ridges, of which the lateral pair converge somewhat at 
the base and apex : the tegmina twice as long as the abdomen, very 
weak fuscescent hyaline towards the apex ; veins remotely punctured, 
fuscous at the apex ; clavus with a median dot and obliquely behind it a 
dot also on the corium, fuscous : beneath black-fuscous : feet pale testa- 
ceous yellow, femora fuscous-testaceous (Stdl). Long, 3| ; broad, 1^ 
millims. 

Reported from Hong-Kong. 

Genus Brixia, Stal. 

Ofvers. K. V.-A. Fovh. xiii, p. 162 (1850) ; Frog. Eng. Resa, p. 27G (1859) ; 
Hem. Afrio. iv, p. IGG, 173 (ISGG) : includes Trinpt^is, Sign., A. S. E. F. (3 ser.), viii. 
p. 187 (18G0). 

5 



8-1 E. T. Atlciiison— Xc/^^5 on Indian Rliyncliota. [No. 1, 

Head much narrower tlian the thorax j vertex narrow, compressed, 
narroAver by lialf than the eyes, passing over into the frons which is long, 
gradually narrowed upwards, much compressed between the eyes, with- 
out a ridge, furnished with an ocellus at the apex ; median ridge of 
clypeua less distinct, lateral margins carinated : ej^es beneath sinuated : 
antennae inserted beneath the eyes, first joint exserted, second longer than 
thick : thorax very short, angularly emarginated at the base : scutellum 
tricarinate : tegmina gradually somewhat amplified towards the apex ; 
radial and exterior ulnar vein united near the base ; feet moderate, sim- 
ple,' last tibis9 unarmed (Stdl), 

41. Brixia meander. Walker. 

Cixius meander, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 349 (1851), 

Brixia meander, Stal, Ofvera. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 487 (1862). 

Body tawny : frons long and narrow with a row of brown spots 
along each side of the disc which is also brown : rostrum tawny : eyes 
large : pronotum on both sides obliquely tricarinate : disc of the mesono- 
tum brown ; legs tawny, slightly sulcated : each femur with two brown 
rings : tegmina almost colourless, adorned with several waved brown 
bands which are partly confluent or interrupted, discs of the spaces 
between them occupied by paler brown bands : a large yellow sjoot on 
the anterior margin : veins pale stramineous, thickly dotted with 
black knots (Walker). Body long, 4j ; teg,, 10| millims. 
Reported from India. 

Genus BennA, Walker. 

J. Linn. Soo. Zool. f, p. 90 (1856) s Btal, Hem. Afric. W, p. 166 (1856). 

Body rather slender, head a little narrower than the thorax with 
a ridge which extends from the back of the vertex to the rostrum ; 
sides also ridged ; frons compressed, olongate-subfusiform : 1 — 2 joints 
antennae a little shorter together than the breadth of the front ; filament 
not long : thorax tricarinate, pronotum very short : abdomen at the 
base with two lateral capitate appendages like the halteres of Bi])iera, tip 
terminating in a long, curved oviduct : legs rather long and slender : 
tegmina and wings broad, rounded at the tips, the former with about 
twenty areolets, the discal generally shorter than the basal and marginal. 
(Walker.) 

Frons with a longitudinal ridge narrowed upwards, scarcely distin- 
•^uishable from the vertex : first joint of the antenniB prominulous, second 
lono-er than broad : abdomen f^^rnished on both sides at the base with a 
long, filiform, clavate process : tegmina gradually amplified from the base 
towards the apex ; the costal margin slightly sinuated towards the base ; 
the radial and ulnar veins separately emitted from the ulnar trunk or 
somewhat contiguous at the base itself (St^l)> 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson—Notes on Indian RliyucLota. 35 

42. Benna capitulata, Walker. 

Benna capitidata, Walker, J. Liun. Soo. Zool. i, p. 90, t. 3, £. 3, (1856). 
$ . Testaceous : abdomen with long cottony secretions ; capitate ap- 
pendages with white tips : tegmina and wings hyaline, the foi-mer 
with a very slight testaceous tinge ; veins brown, testaceous towards the 
base and in the front, with a black basal dot and two smaller brown dots 
near the base : the transverse veinlets partly clouded brown, a brown 
sti-eak along the exterior boi'der ; stigma testaceous {Walker), Body 
long, 6j ; teg. 16| millims. 
Reported from Singapoi-e. 

Subfam. Delphacina, Stal. 

Delphacida, StS.!, Hem. Afric. iv, pp. 131, 175 (18G6) j Delphacina, Ofvera. 
K. V.-A. Forh., p. 74.7 (1870). 

Distinguished by having the last pair of tibise furnished with a 
mobile spur (Stdl). 

Genus HyaTOPS, Gu^i-in. 

Ugyops, Gnerin, Voy. Bel. Ind. Orient, p. 477 (184.3) j Spinola, A. S. E. F. viii, 
p. 321 (1839J ; Walker, List Hem. B. M. ii, p. 338 (1851) : Hygyops, Stal, Hem. 
Afric. iv, p. 175 (18GG) : iuclucTea Bidis, Walker, J. Linu., Sue. Zool. i, p. 88 (185(5^ ; 
Hyjiops, Am. & Sorv., Hist. Nat. lua. Hem. p. 511 (1843). 

AntenntB inserted below the eyes, almost as long as the body ; two 
first joints equal, cylindrical, with the filament inserted at the tip of the 
second joint, which is gi'anulate ; eyes very slightly emarginate beneath ; 
apparently no ocelli : frona narrow, a little ascending, anteriorly much 
longer than broad, a little dilated in the middle, longitudinally grooved ; 
rostrum as long as the head, covered at its base by a pointed, oblong la- 
brum : pronotum narrower than the mcsonotum, a little emarginate po3= 
teriorly ; mesonotum triangular, apes pointing behind : tegmina narrower 
than the wings, oblong ; abdomen flattered, feet long, spinose (Gue'rin). 

43. HrGTOPS PEECHEKONii, Guerin, 

Ugyops percheronii, Gueriu, Voy. Bel. Ind. Orient, p. 478 (1834) ; Icon. Rfegne 
Auim., t. 58, f. 16 (1830-34) ; Biu-m., Handb. Ent. ii (i), p. 152 (1835) ; Spinola, 
A. S. E. F. viii, p. 323 (1839) ; Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 338 (1851). 

Eycjiops percheronii, Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 512 (1843). 

Ferruginous red, anteunee of the same colour, brown at the tip : 
tegmina and wings transparent, veins reddisli ; beneath and feet ferru- 
ginous (Gusrin). Body long, 5 ; exp, tog-, IG millinia. 

Eoporfced from Cochin Ohina. 



36 E. T. A-ikinson— Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 1, 

M. Hygyops NOTiVENA, Walker. 

Bidis notivena, Walker, J. Liun. Soc. Zool. i, p. 88 (1856). 
Hygyops notivena, Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 175 (1866). 

^ , 5 . Testaceous, partly green : tegmina and wings transparent, tlie 
former with a very slight testaceous tinge ; veins testaceous, here and there 
blackish : the S partly red (WaJJier). Body long, 4j ; teg., 12^ millims. 

Reported from Singapore, Malacca. 

Subfam. Achilina, Stal. 

Achilida, Stal, Hem. Afric, iv, pp. 130, 181 (1866) ; Achilina, Stal, Ofvers. 
K. V.-A. Forh., p. 748 (1870). 

Head narrower than the thorax ; sides of the clyjDeus carinate : last 
joint of rostrum elongate '• thorax angularly emarginate at the base : 
tegmina amplified inwards behind the clavus which is very rarely granu- 
lated, acute at the apex, distinctly closed ; the claval vein continued to 
the apex itself or united with the claval suture near the apex : last pair ' 
of tarsi with the first joint elongate. 

Genus Faventia, Stal. 
Hem. Afric. iv, p. 181 (1866) ; Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh., p. 748(1870). 
Head narrower than the thorax ; frons with a long and clypeus with 
a distinct ridge running through it, the lateral ridges on the clypeus not 
united at the apex : thorax very short, angularly emarginate at the 
base : scutellum tricarinate : tegmina roundly truncated at the apex ; the 
interior ulnar and the radial vein forked before the middle : first tibite 
longer than the femora and trochanters taken together, the last pair 
unispinose (Stal). Type, G. imstulatus, Walker. 

45. Faventia pustulata, Walker. 

Cixius pustulatus. Walker, J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 87 (1856). 
Faventia pustulata, Stal, Beiiin Ent. Zeitsclir. x, p. 392 (1866). 

Tawny, testaceous beneath : head greenish, with a black dot on each 
side, ridges ferruginous : tegmina with some paler marks and with 
many minute blackish dots which are accompanied by 2 — 3 larger and 
darker dots : wings brown (Walker). Body long, 6j ; teg., 14| millims. 

Reported from Singapore. 

Genus Helicoptera, Amyot & Serville. 

Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 526 (1843) ; Stal, Hem. Afric, iv, pp. 181, 184 (1866) : 
inolades Elidiptera, Spin., A. S. B. F. viii, p. 504 (1839) ; Walker, List Horn, 
B. M. ii, p. 328 (1851). 



188G.] E. T. Atkinson— iVofes on Indian Rhyncliota. 37 

Body depressed : head much narrower than the thorax, produced 
before the eyes ; vertex posteriorly about twice as broad as the eyes, 
somewhat concave, not ridged ; frons much longer than broad, distinctly 
narrowed upwards, more or less distinctly i-idged in the middle ; sides 
of clyi^eus ridged : eyes rounded, obsoletely siuuated beneath : second 
joint of the antennse somewhat globose : thorax tricarinate, lateral ridges 
not reaching the base : scutellum tricarinate : tegmina rounded at the 
apex ; the radial and exterior ulnar veins united at the base ; radial and 
exterior ulnar vein forked rather far from the base : feet moderate, first 
tibiae subequal in length to the femora and trochanters taken together ; 
last tibiae unispinose (Stdl). 

46. Helicopteea ? smaeagdilinea. Walker, 
Elidipfera smaragdilinea, Walker, J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 86 (1856). 

Ferruginous : head about the eyes and on each side of the fi'ons, a 
spot in the middle of the j^ronotum and one on each side and a stripe 
on the mesonotum, emerald-green : cephalic protuberance, slender, cylin- 
drical ascending, black above, green beneath, about twice the length of the 
head above ; frons long and narrow ; face and pectus black and white : ab- 
domen with a green stripe on each side and a black stripe on each side 
beneath : legs tawny, femora black at the base ; tibiae and tarsi partly 
green ; fore tibige white towards the tips : tegmina and wings limpid, the 
former with a narrow brown streak along the terminal part of the costa, 
and with a broad brown streak along the corresponding part of the hind 
border, the two streaks connected by a brown streak along the transverse 
veinlets (WalJcer). Body long, 9| : teg., 23 millims. 

Reported fx'om Mount Ophir, Singapore. 

Subfam. Teopiduchina, Stal. 

Tropiduchida, Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 130, 186 (1866) : Tropiduchina, Of vers. 
K. V.-A. Forh., p. 748 (1870). 

Head narrower than the thorax ; sides of clypeus without a ridge or 
with an obtuse I'idge : thorax very often angularly emarginate at the 
base, very rarely roundly sinuate, tricarinate ; lateral ridges diverging, 
very often reaching the base ; commisural margin of tegmina straight or 
rounded behind the clavus which is generally as in Achilina ; costa some- 
times dilated, costal membrane transversely veined ; iirst joint of last 
tarsi elongate (StdJ). 



38 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rbynclaota. [No. 1, 

Genus Daradax, Walker. 

J, Linu. Soc. Zool. i, p. 85 (1836) ; Stal, Hem. Afrio. iv, p. 188 (18G6). 
Head lanceolate, ascending, carinate on both sides ; frons lanceolate, 
with, a median and lateral ridges : antennce globose, very minute, seti- 
form filament moderately long, very slender : pronotum much arched 
with a slight median ridge, each side forming a fusiform compartment : 
mesonotum quadricarinate : tegmina fusiform, with numerous parallel 
equidistant veinlets along the costa ; ulnar areas long ; apical areas 
short, like those of the costa {WalJcer). 

4i7. Daradax fusipennis, Walker. 

Daradax fusipennis, Walker, J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 86 (1856). 
Green, partly lutescent : tegmina with brown dots along the exterior 
margin : wings white (WalJier.) Body long, 6j ; teg., 14| millims. 
Reported from Malacca, 

Genus Tropiduchus, Stal. 

Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forli. p. 248 (1854) ; Hem. Afric. ir, p. 188 (1866) : Inclndea 
Euria, Walker, J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 87 (1856). 

Body oblong : head somewhat narrower than the thorax, slightly 
prominulous before the eyes, obtuse : vertex arcuate, transverse, much 
broader than the eyes, deeply sinuated at the base, rouTided at the ajDex ; 
frons much longer than broad, somewhat narrowed upwards, with 1 or 3 
ridges ; clypeus with a median ridge, sides convex or obtusely ridged : 
rostrum somewhat short : second joint of the antennae small, subglobose : 
thorax short, angularly emarginate at the base, ti'icarinate on the disc : 
scutellum tricariuate : tegmina not or but slightly narrowed towards the 
apex ; costa remote from the margin, emitting outwards numerous trans- 
verse veins, radial and ulnar veins forked rather distant before the middle 
and at an equal length from the base ; apical part with two rows of trins- 
verse veins : feet moderate ; first tibiee somewhat longer than the femora 
and trochanters taken together, last tibite trispinose (Stal). 

48, Tropiduchus luridus. Walker. 

Euria lurida, Walker, J. Linn. Soc. Zool, i, p. 88 (1856). 

Brownish, paler beneath : head green with tawny ridges : tegmina 
and wings lurid, the former with four brown bands of which the first and 
second are dilated in front, the thiixl is slender, curved, joined at each 
end to the second, the fourth is marginal : wings with throe brown band.^i 
{Wall-er.) Body long, 5| ; teg., li| millims. 

Reported from ^Singapore. 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 39 

Genus Elica, Walker. 
J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 86 (1856J. 

Head conical, slightly ascending, tricavinate above : frons lanceo- 
late, tetragonal, tricarinate, tlie lateral ridges curved, margins also 
ridged : antenntB conical, setif orm filament twice as long as the preceding 
part : pronotum very short : mesonotnm tricarinate : tegmina broad 
with numerous transverse veinlets along the costa ; ulnar areas elongate 
towai'ds the base of the tegmina ; apical areas more numerous, short, and 
generally 5 — 6 angled (Wallcer). 

49. Elica latipennis, Walker. 
Elica latipennis, Walker, J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 86 (1856). 

Testaceous, partly tawny : head alcove and disc of the thorax, lirown : 
tegmina hyaline with a slight testaceous tinge ; veins tawny, some of 
them black, forming an irregular, incomplete band (WalJcer). Body 
long, 7j ; teg., 19 millims. 

Reported from Malacca. 

Genus Monopsis, Spinola. 

A. S. E. F. viii, p. 302 (1839) ; Amyot & ServiUe, Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 
507 (1843) ; Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 325 (1851). 

Cephalic prolongation flattened above, ovally rounded anteriorly ; 
the flat portion of the vertex has a median ridge dividing into two lines 
posteriorly which form a very pointed arch placed above another arch on 
the pronotum ; frons broad with a median and two lateral ridges : 
eyes large, oblong : pronotum very narrow, emarginate posteriorly 
in an arch ; mesonotum with three elevated lines : tegmina slightly 
crystalline and transparent almost as in the genus Diclioptera ; the great 
basal half with long cells, then comes a small elevated transverse line 
and then a great numlDcr of small and more or less quadrate cells : abdo- 
men rather flat and oblong : feet moderate {Am. ^' Serv.). 

50. Monopsis viridicans, Stal. 

Monopsis viridicans, Stal, Freg. Eng. Eesa. Ins., p. 281 (1859). 

9 . Weakly virescent : vertex neai-ly semicircularly produced before 
the eyes ; frons one and half time longer than the breadth, carinated ; 
thorax somewhat longer than the vertex, roundly produced anteriorly, 
tricarinate, the lateral ridges oblique : scutellum tricarinate, the lateral 
rido-es somewhat divergent towards the base, parallel, nearly three and 
half time longer than the breadth (Stal). Long with teg., 7 millims. 

Reported from Hong-Kong, Sikkim (?). 



40 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 1, 

51. MoNOPSis (?) siNiCA, Walker, 
Monopsis sinica, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 327 (1851). 

$ . Body fusiform, yellowish-green : head and thorax tawny above, 
the former surrounded by a bright green ridge on each side and in front 
and with three others of which the lateral pair do not extend be- 
yond the disc from the hind border : pronotum with three bright green 
ridges, the side pair oblique, longer than the median one : rostrum and 
legs pale yellowish-green : feet tawny ; hind tibise between the middle 
and the tips, with three spines having black tips : tegmina and wings 
colourless, the basal j^art of the former pale green, occupying two-thirds 
of the surface, covered with little tawny tubercles, very distinct from 
the reticulated part; veins green. Body long 3| ; exp. teg., 10| miliims. 

Reported from Hong-Kong. 

Genus Hiracia, Walker. 

J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 154 (1857). 

Body elliptical convex : head with the borders hardly elevated ; ver- 
tex conical, distinctly tricarinate ; frons and face indistinctly tricarinate, 
the former obconical, excavated next the face which is lanceolate : pro- 
notum full twice broader than long, nai-rower in front, 5-carinate ; meso- 
notum triangular, acuminate, tricarinate : tegmina acuminate with nume- 
rous ruguloso veins and transverse veinlets {Walher). 

52. Hiracia walkeri, Signoret. 

Eiracia walheri, Signoret, A. S. B. F. (4 ser.) i, p. 57, t. 2, f. 3 (1861). 

Yellowish-grey with two black patches on the tegmina : head weak- 
ly angular in front with a median keel on the frons : vertex grooved 
with the margins strongly carinated, posterior margin concave : prono- 
tum angular, rounded in front, furnished with a great number of small 
tubercles along the anterior margin and on its disc and a median trans- 
verse impression : scutellum weakly tricarinate : tegmina with veins 
without anastomoses but faintly reticulated in the intervals, a median 
triangular black spot towards costal margin and an oblong spot behind 
towards the internal margin ; abdomen yellowish, shorter than the 
tegmina; feet yellow, very long ; jDOsterior tibias furnished on the external 
sides with seven spines, a character which serves to sepai'ate this species 
irom. H. ignava, WaXker, irom. Borneo (Sign.). Body long, 7; broad, 
3 miliims. 

Reported fi'om India. 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. 41 

Subfam. Derbina, Stal. 

Derhida, Hern. Afrio. iv, pp. 130, 192 (1866) ; Derbina, Ofvora. K. "V.-A. Forh. 
p. 750 (1870). 

Head very often narrower than the thorax : sides of clypeug some- 
times carinated : last joint of rostrum short or very short ; thorax pos- 
teriorly angularly-emarginate, ecarinate or furnished with an obsolete 
ridge : costa simple ; clavus generally as in Achilina : last tibiae very 
often unarmed, rarely spinose ; first joint of last tarsi, elongate (Stdl). 

Genus Phenice, Westwood. 

Trans. Linn. Soo. xix, p. 10 (1845) ; Stal, Ofvera. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 163 (1856) ; 
Hem. Afric. iv, pp. 192, 195 (1866). Amyot & Serville [Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 
6] 5 (1843) ] nnite Phenice with Derlie, Fabr. for reasons given ; the remainder of the 
Bpeciea described are chiefly African. 

Body oval : head much narrower than the thorax, seen from the 
side, more or less rounded anteriorly, slightly compressly pi'ominulous 
before the eyes ; vertex and frons very narrow, the latter linear witli the 
lateral margins sometimes contiguous ; cl_ypeus long, tricarinate : eyes 
posteriorly sinuate beneath, extended to a distance downwards : no ocelli : 
second joint of the antennaa varpng in length, oval or a little elono-atej 
without a sinus at the ajDex above : last joint of I'ostrum very minute : 
thoi^x short, posteriorly deeply angularly-emarginate : scutellum obso- 
letely tricarinate : tegmina elongate, gradually amplified from the base 
to the middle, thence somewhat narrowed or furnished with parallel 
sides, much longer than the wings ; clavus short ; radial vein forked, 
ulnar vein emitting inwards obliquely longitudinal branches towards the 
commissural margin, these bi'anches united by a transverse vein : feet 
slender, last tibise sometimes spinose (Stal). 

53. Phenice mcesta, Westwood. 

Derhe (Phenice) mcesta, Westwood, A. M. N. H. (2 ser.) vii, p. 209 (1851), 
Derhe mcesta, Walker. List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 397 (1851). 
Phenice mcesta, Stal, Of vera, K. V.-A. Forh. p. 750 (1870). 

Black, variegated white : a nai-row frontal ridge on the head and 
the penultimate joint of the rostrum, whitish : three very fine ridges on 
the mesonotum and the posterior margin broader in the middle, white : 
feet white : tegmina black, costa and last half spotted white : wings 
smoky : lateral anal appendages in i , straight, incurved at the apex and 
acuminate (Westivood). Exp. teg., 13^ millims. 

Reported from India. 
6 



42 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 1, 

54. Phenice carnosa, Westwood. 
Derhe (Phenice ?) carnosa, Westwood, A. M. N. H. (2 ser.) vii, p. 209 (1851). 

Entirely luteous flesh-coloured ; four anterior tibige, fuscous : teg- 
mina and wings yellowish hj^aline, costal margin behind the middle of 
the tegmina and external margin of the wings, fuscous, the latter with a 
median black dot : apical joint of rostrum, black : anal appendages in <? , 
elongate, curved, forcipate : abdomen in $ terminated by two porrecfc 
horns (Westivoocl). Exp. teg., 14| millims. 

Reported from India. 

Subfam. Lophopina, Stal. 

Lophopida, Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, pp. 130, 199 (1866). 

Head narrower than thorax, sides of clypeus carinate ; rostrum 
short, stout, last joint very short ; thorax truncate at the base, cariuated 
or tuberculated on the disc ; first joint of last tarsi robust, less long. 
Differs from the Tropidiichina in having the thorax truncated at the base, 
the last joint of the tarsi very short and the basal joint of last tarsi stoutish 
short or somewhat shortish : from the Issina in having the thorax dis- 
tinctly tricarinated or tuberculated on the disc, the tegmina rather ample, 
flat, and extending much beyond the apex of the abdomen and from the 
Hicaniina in having the thorax truncated at the base, disc distinctly 
carinated or tuberculated and last joint of rostrum very short {Stokl). 

Genus Lacusa, Stal. 

Berlin Ent. Zeitschr. vi, p. 309 (1862) j Hem. Afrio. iv, p. 199 (1866). 

Head somewhat narrower than the thorax ; vertex not produced, 
somewhat transverse, lateral margins not dilated ; frons elongate, furnish- 
ed with two ridges converging upwards ; clypeus carinate in the middle 
and on both sides : thorax truncated at the base, rounded anteriorly be- 
hind the vertex, tricarinate : scutellum tricarinate : tegmina rather 
ample, costal and commissural margins parallel, broadly rounded at the 
apex, costal limbus obliquely, transversely veined : anterior feet much 
dilated, foliaceous : last tibite trispinose, gradually slightly dilated to- 
wards the apex {Stal). Allied to Elasmoscelis, but distinct in the struc- 
tui'e of the head. 

55. Lacusa fuscofasciata, Stal. 

Elasmoscelis (?) fusco-fasciata, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 248 (1854). 

Cixius eminens, Walker, Ins. Saund. Horn. p. 42 (1858). 

Lacusa fusco-fasciata, Stal, Berlin Eat. Zeitschr. vi, p, 309 (1862). 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— iVo^es on Indian Rhynchota. 43 

$ Black-fuscous : head, thorax, scutellum, rostrum, and tarsi testa- 
ceous-whitish, frons and scutellum iufuscate : tegmina and wings vitre- 
ous ; three bands on the tegmina, the posterior two oppositely oblique 
and united at the commissure, confluent spots on the apes, small trans- 
verse lines on the costal limbus and dots sprinkled over the disc, black- 
fuscous ; wings internally and at the apex broadly fuscescent ; feet 
sparingly sprinkled pallid (Stdl). Body long, 5^ ; exp. teg., 161 millims. 
Reported from India. 

Genus CoRETHRURA, Hope. 
Trans. Linn. Soc. six, p. 135 (18-45) ; Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 200 (1866). 
Body short, stout : the apex of the abdomen furnished with a very 
large and well-marked floccose appendage : head carinate in front : face 
seen in front narrow : rostrum of median length : clypeus large, in- 
flated : antennte inserted beneath the eyes, very short, setose to some 
length at the apex : ocelli minute placed a little before the eyes : first 
pair of feet with depressed tibias, last tibiaB externally tridentate (Hope). 

56. CORKTHRURA FUSCOVARIA, Hope. 

Corethrura fusco-varia, Hope, Trans. Linn. Soo. xix, p. 135, t. 12, f. 60 (1845) ; 
Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 395 (1851). 

Body above somewhat fuscous ; head with a whitish transverse line, 
three rows of white spots on the thorax : abdomen fuscous- green, extre- 
mity provided with a subochraceous cottony appendage longer than the 
entire body : tegmina varied with fuscous, having numerous inteiTupted 
bands of a more saturated colour and patches of a farinose powdery sub- 
stance : wings paler brownish, hyaline, immaculate {Hope). Body long, 
19 ; exp. teg., 58-59 millims. 

Reported from Silhat. 

Subfam. IssiNA, Stal. 

Issida, Stal, Hem. Afrio. iv, pp. 130, 202 : Issina, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 754 
(1870). 

Head not or only a little narrower than the thorax ; clypeus very 
often convex, lateral margins very rarely furnished with a ridge ; thorax 
truncated at the base, rarely broadly roundly-sinuated, without a median 
lidge or only an obsolete one ; scutellum short, rarely twice longer than 
the thorax : tegmina coriaceous or subcorneous, rarely vitreous, very 
rarely flat, more or less convex, sometimes very much abbreviated : clavus 
and claval vein generally as in AchiUna : first joint of last tarsi short or 
moderate very rarely elongate. Diffei's from Bicaniina in the thorax being 



44 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. [No. 1, 

truncated or slightly einuated at the base, sciitellum short never more 
than twice as long as the thorax ; tegmiua very ample, very often cou- 
vexish, not or but little extending beyond the abdomen (Stdl). 

Genua Hemisphj:rius, Schaum, 

Allg. Enc. Wissenecli. Kunst. i, p. 51, (1850) : Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 203 
(1866). 

Last joint of rostrum longer than stout, oval, oblong or elongate : 
tegmina entirely convex, very obsoletely veined or without veins, clavus 
and corium connate, no claval sutur'e : bod}^ depressed ; vertex narrower 
than the eyes or subequal in breadth ; thorax truncated at the base, 
sinuated behind the eyes, sides behind the ejes hardly visible from above ; 
last tibiaa bispinose : anterior femora simple (Stdl). This beautiful 
genus has the entii'e tegmina quite coriaceous like those of the lady-bird 
beetles. 

57. Hemisph^rius rufovarius, Walker. 

Hemisphcerius rufovarius, Walker, List Horn. B. M. Snppt. p. 95 (1858) ; Butler, 
A. M. N. H. (5 ser.) xvi, p. 96 (1875). 

Testaceous : vertex transverse with a red mark on the disc, frona 
and face flat ; frous with a red disc, face black, lanceolate : pronotum. 
with three minute red marks : mesonotum with a red stripe on each 
side : abdomen with a black band beneath : tegmina rather narrower and 
m.ore oblong than in the other species of the genua (Walker). Body 
long, 3| ; teg., 8| millims. 

Reported from Burma. 

Genus Flavina, StSl. 
Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forla. xviii, p. 209 (1861) ; Hem. Afrio. iv, p. 206 (1866). 
Wings cleft, fairly ample, irregularly reticulated ; head distinctly 
narrower than the thorax, vertex subquadrate ; frons slightly rounded a 
little above the clypeus on both sides, longer than broad ; clypeus ecari- 
nate ; thorax ti'uncated at the base, angulated anteriorly behind the 
vei'tex ; scutellum somewhat longer than the thorax, tegmina extending 
somewhat beyond the abdomen, the costa and the commissure subparallel, 
gradually roundly-narrowed at the apex ; the princii^al exterior vein 
near the base, the median vein towards the apex and interior vein before 
the middle, forked, the two last united before the middle by a more 
distinct transverse veiulet, the interior branch of the fork of that vein 
ako forked : last tibiae 5-spinose {Stdl) . 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. 45 

58. Flavina qranulata, St&l. 
Flavina granulata, Stal, Of vers. K. V.-A. Forli. xviii, p. 212 (1861). 

$ . Weakly yellow-testaceoua ; tegmina sparingly sprinkled fuscous, 
extreme part of angles of vertex and basal angles of frons, fuscous ; frons 
scarcely twice as long as its median breadth, furnished with a median 
ridge obliterated near the clypeus and a small subbasal, transverse, an- 
gulated I'idge ; thorax granulate ; scutellura unicarinate ; anterior tibiae 
with two broadly, weakly fuscous rings (Stdl). Long with teg., 8 mil- 
lims. 

Reported from India. 

Genus Eupilis, Walker, 

J. Linn. Soo. Zool. i, p. 93 (1856) ; Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 207 (1866) ; Berlin 
Ent. Zeitschr. x, p. 393 (1866) ; Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forb., p. 760 (1870). 

Body very oblong : clypeus transversely convex before the middle, 
not compressly elevated : tegmina membranous, vitreous, very oblong, 
scarcely gradually amplified towards the apex, obtusely rounded at the 
apex ; exterior branch of the radial vein running out at the costa or 
sending out a short branch to the costa ; claval veins united almost in 
the middle of the clavus ; wings emarginate at the apex, with two veins 
running towards the apical incisure united towards the apex : last tibiae 
bispinose behind the middle (^iStdl). 

59. Eupilis albilineola, Walkei'. 
Eupilis allilineola, Walker, J. Liun. Soc. Zool. i, p. 93 (1856) ; p. 162 (1857). 

? . Testaceous, partly pale-green : frons black, shining, with a tawny 
central spot and with a testaceous border : face with two black bands, 
the anterior one macular : thorax and pectus with black sjiots : abdomen 
with black bands : tegmina and wings transparent, veins black ; the 
tegmina slightly lurid with five brown streaks ; transverse veiulets, 
white (Walker). Body long 8j ; teg., 25 millims. 

Reported from Singapore. 

Genus Tempsa, Stal. 

Hem. Afrio. iv, p. 208 (1866) ; Ofvera. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 761 (1870). 

Body oblong, somewhat cylindrical: head and thorax somewhat 
equal in breadth, the former obtuse : vertex subequal in breadth to the 
eyes, truncated, transverse, not produced before the eyes ; clypeus trans- 
versely convex before the middle, not compressly elevated, sides without 
a ridge : frons somewhat longer than broad, narrowed upwards, with 
a longitudinal ridge : thorax anteriorly angulated, truncated at the base ; 



46 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 1, 

scutellum longer by more than half than the thorax : tegmlna oblong 
somewhat narrowed towards the apex, obliquely truncated at the apex ; 
coriaceous, somewhat opaque or slightly pellucid ; interior ulnar vein 
simple or forked at a greater distance from the base than the exterior 
ulnar vein ; exterior branch of the radial vein continued towards the 
apex of the corium, emitting no branch to the costa ; claval veins united 
behind the middle of the clavus ; wings broad, with two veins running 
towards the apical incisure united towards the apex : last tibia9 bispiuose 
behind the middle (Stdl). 

60. TeMPSA MALAYA, Stal. 

Issus malayus, Stal, Ofrera. K. Y.-A. Forh., p. 216 (1854). 
Eupilis malaya, Stal, Freg. Eug. Resa Ins., p. 277 (1858). 
Tempsa malaya, Stal, Berlin Ent. Zeitschr. x, p. 393 (1866). 

$ . Elongate, sordid flavescent, obscurely spotted : frons tricarinate 
the median ridge distiiict, continued through, the lateral ridges obsolete, 
two spots in the middle and four spots on the scutellum, black-fuscous : 
tegmina elongate, subpavallel, longer than the abdomen, somewhat 
ferruginous, costal margin of a weaker colour. Head sordid flavescent, 
obscurely spotted, at the apex before the eyes a little truncately produced, 
vertex quadrate, with a transverse somewhat arched ridge at the apex ; 
frons one-third narrower than its length, very broad towards the apex, 
gradually somewhat narrowed towards the base, tricarinate, the median 
ridge continued through, distinct, the lateral ridge obsolete, converging 
much towards the base, confluent at the base, in the middle on both 
sides at the median ridge, fuscous : thorax as long as the vertex, tri- 
angularly produced, fuscous-flavescent, somewhat impressed lengthwise ; 
scutellum scai-cely twice as long as the thorax, obsoletely tricarinate, 
sordid flavescent, with four small fuscous spots : tegmina extending 
beyond the abdomen, thrice as long as the median breadth, gradually a 
little amplified from the base, thence scai-cely gradually amplified, 
obliquely subtruncate at the ajjex, with longitudinal veins, veins robust, 
remotely united by other less distinct transverse veins ; with a ferruginous 
tinge, costal margin weak testaceous-flavescent, subhyaline : wing3 
sordid hyaline with fuscous veins, as long as the tegmina : beneath with 
feet, weak sordid flavescent (Stdl). Long with teg., 9 ; broad, 3^ mil- 
lims. 

Reported from Malacca, Singapore. 

Genus Tetrica, Stal. 
Hem. Afric. iv, p. 208 (1866). 

Body oval or suboblong : frons subtruncate at the apex, narrowed 
upwards, unicarinate ; last joint of rostrum oblong or subelongate ; thorax 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliynchota. 47 

and scutellum together, transverse, the former truncated at the base, 
anteriorly obtusely angulated, the latter about twice longer than the 
thorax : tegmina slightly narrowed behind the middle, at the apex very 
obtusely rounded ; corium a little longer than the clavus ; radial vein of 
tegmina forked at the base, ulnar veins forked in the middle or a little 
before the middle : wings very broad, deeply emarginate at the apex : 
last tibiee bispinose : first joint of last tarsi rather short. Head and thorax 
equally broad, the former not prominulous before the eyes, vertex trans- 
verse, subequal in breadth to the eyes ; frons equally long and broad, 
amplified near the apex : sides of clypeus furnished with a ridge : body a 
little compressed (Stdl). Type, T. fusca, Stal. 

61. Teteica fusca, Stal. 

Tetrica fusca, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forli. p. 757, note, (1870). 

(? . Fuscous, subcompressed, feet pallescent : corium and clavus 
obsoletely sprinkled pale on the disc : vertex twice broader than long : 
frons nearly equally long and towards the apex broad, furnished with a 
single, distinct, obtuse ridge running through.it, continiied through the 
clypeus : tegmina somewhat broadish, gradually a little amplified from 
the base scarcely to the middle, thence distinctly narrowed {Stal). 
Long vs^ith teg., 5^ millima. 

Reported from Burma. 

Species of doubtful position. 
62. Issus (?) PECTiNiPENNis, Guerin, 

Issus pectinipennis, Gnerin, Voy. Belanger Ind. Orient, p. 475 (1834) ; Spin., 
A. S. E. F. viii, p. 347 (1839) : Walker, List. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 362 (1851). 

Luteous spotted with black : head transverse, anteriorly trispinose, 
one obtuse point in front of each eye and one forming a prolongation of 
the frons : tegmina anteriorly dilated, luteous or ochraceous-yellow, with 
some small tubercles and short transverse streaks, black ; wings brunne- 
ous : body beneath yellow, variegated with black ; feet flavescent. The 
anterior margin of the tegmina is spinose ; it comprises a limbus outside 
the radius as broad as the external flap of the wing, about half a line, 
transparent, vitriform, or like an exceedingly fine plate of talc, furnished 
throughout with oblique veins (parallel to each other) contrasting in 
colour and substance with that of the limbus itself. These veins when 
the limbus is injured stand out like the teeth of a comb and give a pecu- 
liar appearance to the insect. The frons is ascending and is divided from 
the base to the upper margin into three facettes which form between them 
obtuse angles ; the median increases from below upwards and reaches the 
vertex and is divided by a longitudinal ridge which descends from above 



48 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynctota. [No. 1, 

and loses itself towards the middle of tlie frons ; the two interior facettea 
rise a little higher than the median but without converging above it ; 
they bend outwards and end in an acute and prominent j^oint above the 
eyes. The vertex is broader than long, concave, margins gently raised, 
anterior bisinuate, posterior weakly emarginate. Median lobe of prono- 
tum broad, rounded. Long, 10 ; exp. teg., 23 millims. 
Reported from Bengal. 

63. ISSUS (?) TESTUDINARIUS, Stal. 
Issus testudinarius, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh., p. 246 (1854). 

Obscurely ferruginous : frons with a longitudinal ridge in the middle 
and a transverse one at the base : tegmina coriaceous, longitudinal veina 
elevated : beneath and feet yellow-testaceous : entire anterior femora 
and last pair at the apex, fuscescent : abdomen, fascous in the middle 
{Stal). Long, 8; broad, 6 millims. 

Reported from Penang. 

Genus Gyrene, Westwood. 
Arc. Ent. ii, p. 35 (1843). 

Body short, stout, abdomen compressed : head with frons conical, 
long, porrect, acute at the apex, cariuate above at the sides, ridges ob- 
literated before the apex, posteriorly extended to the pronotum : eyes 
large, lateral, emarginate beneath : no ocelli : antennje small, inserted 
below the eyes : pronotum as long as the mesonotum, disc imj)ressed in 
the middle with two j^oints : tegmina coriaceous, opaque, homogeneous, 
convex, broad ; anterior margin sinuate, rounded at the apex, posterior 
angle, acute ; veins little branched : feet short, robust, last tibi» 
curved, armed inwards towards the apex with three si^ines : abdomen 
truncated at the apex, ending in two lobes, furnished with a slender, 
erect appendage, concave at the apex (Westwood) . The entire surface of 
the tegmina is covered with an immense number of minute, circular, 
elevated areas, visible only under the lens and which give it a shagreened 
appearance : when at rest the tegmina are carried almost perpendi- 
cularly. 

64. Gyrene fusiformis, Walker. 

Cyrene fusiformis, Walker, List Horn. B. M. Suppt. p. 47 (1858). 
Chalepus aconophoroides, Walker, 1. c. p. 192 (1858). 

^ , 9 . Testaceous : head produced in a lanceolate horn which is 
straight, hardly ascending, a little longer than the thorax and has three 
slight ridges above and beneath : tegmina very convex in front, straight 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson—Notes on Indian Rhyucliota. 49 

along tiiG interior border, verj acute at tlie tips, with several indistinct, 
ramified brown marks, veins few : wings vitreous, tinged with grey, a 
testaceous tinge towards the base; veins few, pale (Walker). Bod7 
long 10i-12i ; teg. 19-23 millims. 

Reported from N. China, India : the Indian Museum has a specimoa 
from Sikkim. 



65. Ctrene westwoodi, Signoret. 

Cyrene westwoodi, Signoret, A. S. E. P. (4 ser.) ii, p. 124, t. 1, f. 5, A. B. 0. 
(1862). 

Brown yellow : a whitish-yellow Hue extends from the tip of the 
head to the end of the tegmina which have several dots of the same 
colour on the disc and are granulate tlii-ough the whole length so as to have 
the appearance of being shagreened : head once and half longei; than 
broad, including the eyes, black at the extremity and with a whitish 
yellow median band, a little elevated ; sides cariuate : frons concave at 
the base and grooved, quadricarinate towards its upper third ; the two 
median ridges reaching the extremity of the head ; whereas the two lateral 
ridges proceed obliquely upwards, contour the head and lose themselves 
in the lateral ridges of the vertex towards its upper third : rostrum short 
not extending beyond the posterior coxce : eyes not emarginate, oval. 
Pronotum thrice broader than long, rugose, especially towards the 
anterior and posterior borders with an elevated whitish yellow band 
and on each side a sunken sj)ot ; posterior margin truncated straightly, 
anterior convex with a strong emargination below the eyes : mesonotum 
triangular and remarkable for a ridge or rather transverse fold near the 
anterior margin and very distinct from it this fold appears a little below 
the latter and extends from one humeral angle to the other and also a 
little below. Tegmina concave, shell-shaped, with the posterior angle 
acute, the anterior margin convex, rounded, a little concave on reachijio- 
the posterior angle, posterior or sutural margin straight and whitish, the 
entire surface shagreened ; veins numerous and branched towards the 
tip, several whitish dots on the disc : wings transparent hyaline : abdo- 
men reddish yellow, compressed : feet brown-yellowish ; posterior femora 
with two lateral spines towards the extremity (Sign.). Body long, 14; 
teg. extended, 22 millims. 

Reported from Cochiii- China, Bui'ma (?). 

Subfam. Ricaniina, Stal. 

Ricaniida, Stal, Hem. Afric, iv, p. 131, 21!) (186G) ; Ricaniina, Ofrev?. K. V.-A. 
¥Osh., p. 765 (1870). 
7 



50 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhjnic'hota. [No. 1, 

Head broad or very broad, sometimes somewhat narrower tlian the 
thorax ; sides of cljpeus very often without a ridge ; thorax posteriorly 
roundly sinuated, without ridges or furnished only with an obsolete 
median ridge : scutellum very large, long ; tegmina flat, ample or very 
ample, costa dilated ; costal membrane transversely veined or reticulated : 
last tibice spiuose ; first joint of last tarsi short or shortish. Differs from 
Tropiduclhina in having the thorax without discoidal ridges or only with 
a single rather obsolete one and the first joint of the last tarsi being 
short or shortish (Stdl). 

Genus BiCANiA, Germar, Stal. 

Mag. Ent. iii, p. 221 (1818) ; Stal, Horn. Afrio. iv, p. 221 (1866) : Fieber, Rev. 
Mag. Zool. (3 eer.) ii, p. 342 (1875). 

Germar formed this genus from Flata, Fabr., taking the Indian 
species B. hyalina, Fabr., as his type with the following description : — 
* Head short, transverse : frons lower, subovate, margined on the sides : 
clypeus annexed to the apex of the frons, conical, subulate at the apex : 
labrum concealed ; rostrum shorter than half the body : eyes globose, 
pedunculate above : ocelli inserted on the lower margins of the eyes : 
antenn£B distant from the eyes, short, first joint minute, cylindrical, 
second short, thicker at the apex, obliquely truncated, setigerous.' This 
was subsequently reduced by the creation of several genera which Stal 
reviews, absorbing some, and making other sections or subgenera. 

Stal includes in Eicania his own genus Scohjpopa (Berl. Ent. Zeitschr. 
iii, p. 325, 1859) and gives the following diagnosis of the genus : — 

Body very broad, not prominent before the eyes anteriorly trun- 
cate or obtusely rounded : vertex very broad, short ; frons transverse or 
equally long and broad, veiy often keeled ; sides of clypeus without a 
x"idge : thorax slightly arched, very often furnished with a fine ridge in 
the middle : scutellum furnished with three ridges running through it 
and anteriorly on both sides with an abbreviated ridge : tegmina varying 
in form and size, very often triangular and very ample ; basal tegula 
large or somewhat largish ; two veins emitted from the base of the 
clavus united in the middle or behind the middle of the clavus : wings 
moderate or small, anal area furnished with a simple vein : feet moder- 
ate, simple ; last tibiaa very often bispinose, very rarely trispinose. 
The principal divisions or subgenera are : — 

1, Pochazia, Am. and Serv. Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 528 (1843) ; 
which includes B,. fasciata, Fabr., and various African and Indian species. 

2. Tarundia, Stal, Berlin Ent. Zeitschr. iii, p. 325 (1859) and 
Rio Jan. Hem. ii, p. 70 (1862) ; which includes several species fi-om 
Africa and the Indian Archipelago. 



1886.] E. T, Atkinson— Notes on Tmlian Rlij-ncliota. 51 

3. Represented by B. quinqitpfasciafa, Stal, from Africa. 

4. Mulvia, Stal, formerly represented by African species. 

5. Beraulax, Signoret, A. S. E. F. (3 aer.) viii, p. 191 (1860) ; 
type D. versicolor, Sign. [l. c], from Madagascar. 

6. Pocharica, Signoret, I. c, p. 192 (1860) ; type, P. ocellata, Sign., 
[?. c, p. 192 (I860)], from Madagascar. 

7. Fochazoides, Signoret, I. c, p. 193 (1860) ; type, P. maculatus, 
Sign. [I. 0., p 193 (I860)], from Madagascar. 

8. Privesa, Stal, Rio Jan. Hem. ii. p. 70 (1862) ; type, B. Icevifrom 
Stal [Stettin Ent. Zeit. xxii, p. 151 (1861)], from Mozambique. 

Out of the eight subgenera, the Indian species, hitherto recorded, 
fall under the first two and principally under the first, Pochazia. 

6Q. RiCANiA HYALiNA, Fabricius. 

Cercopis fenestrata, Fabrioiua, Syst. Ent. p. 688 (1775); 8toll, Cig. p. 75, t. 19, 
f. 102 (1788). 

Cicada hyalina, Fabr., Syst. Ent. App. 832 (1775) ; Speo. Ins. ii, p. 326 (1781) j 
Mant. Ina. ii, p. 272 (1787) ; Ent. Syst. iv, p. 40 (1794). 

Flata hijalina, Fabr. Syst, Rhyng. p. 51 (1803). 

Ricania hyalina, Germar, Mag. Eut. iii, p. 224 (1818) ; Bnrm., Handb. Ent. ii 
(i) p. 161 (1835). 

Flatoides hyalina, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 404 (1851). 

Flatoides orientis, Walker, 1. c, p. 417 (1851). 

Ricania fenestrata, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 489 (1862) ; Hem. Fabr. ii, 
p. 105 (1869). 

Body small, entirely ferruginous-fuscous : tegmina broad of the 
same colour, with an abbreviated, broad, hyaline band in the middle, 
behind the band two small hyaline spots and the posterior margin, inter- 
rupted in the middle, hyaline : wings fuscous, immaculate (Fabr.). 

Fabricius (in Spec. Ins. 1. c.) abandons the name ^fenestrata ' first 
given by him to this species which was evidently based on an error both 
of description and in the locality (S. America) assigned to the species. 
The rectification of the author should be accepted, especially as he 
gives the name 'fenestrata ' subsequently (Syst. Rhyng. p. 51) to a 
different species. This is Germar's type of the genus. Long, 5|- ; teg., 
16j miilims ? 

Reported from Ceylon, India ; the Indian Museum possess a speci- 
men from Calcutta (?). 

67. Ricania fenestrata, Fabricius. 

Flata fenestrata, Fabr., Syst. Kliyng. p. 51 (1803). 

Flatoides fenestrata, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 404 (1851). 

Ricania Fahricii, Stal, Hem. Fabr. ii, p. 104 (1868). 



62 E. T. Atkinson— i^oi^i on, Indian Rliynchota. [No. 1. 

Stature entirely of R. hyalina, F;ibr., but smaller : body black : 
tegmina f ascous, hyaline at tlie base, spot on the anterior mai'gin and 
punctures, fuscous ; in the middle a broad oblique hyaline band and nu- 
merous spots, hyaline : entire wings obscure hyaline (Fahr.). Allied to 
B. mellerhorgi, Stal. 

Reported fi'om Java. 

68. RiCANIA MELLERBORGI, Stal. 

Bicania mellerlorgi, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. xi, p. 217 (1854). 
Flatoides discalis, Walker, J. Linu. Soc. Zool. i, p. 89 (1856) ; p. 156 (1857). 

Testaceous : tegmina fuscous with a lai-ge transverse patch and 
spots on the margin, whitish-hyaline. Allied to B. fenestrata, Fabr. 
Long., 5 5 exp. teg., 16 millims. 

Reported from Java, Borneo, Singapore, Burma. 

Walker's F. discalis, is black : frons much broader than long, with 
a slightly elevated margin and slightly tricarinate : posterior margins 
of segments of abdomen and the legs dull testaceous : tegmina blackish, 
with a testaceous dot on the tip of each vein ; disc limpid ; two limpid 
dots on the costa and two towards the tip of the exterior border : wings 
limpid with brown borders. Body long, 6j ; teg., 16| millims. 

69. RiCANiA 0B3CURA, Fabricius. 

Elata ohscura, Fabricius, Sysfc. Rhyng. p. 49 (1803) ; Germar in Thon's Arohir. 
ii (2) p. 49 (1830) : Walker, J. Linn. 6oc. Zool. i, p. 92 (1856) ; p. 161 (1857). 
Fochazia ohscura (?) Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 426 (1851). 
Bicania ohscura, Stal, Hem. Fabr. ii, p. 104 (1869). 

$ . Pale testaceous-flavescont, vertex and thorax fuscous-testace- 
ous, scutellum black : tegmina ferruginous-fuscous, sprinkled pale before 
the middle and in the middle, and with small pale transverse lines, an 
unequal narrow band placed behind the middle and the costal membrane 
obscurely fuscous, the extreme part of its margin pallid, a small oblique 
transverse line, behind the middle of the costal margin, whitish : wings 
fuscescent, apical margin of the two last ventral segments black towards 
the sides. Frons about one-third shorter than broad, gradually roundly 
narrowed towards the apex, distinctly tricarinate : scutelkim 5-carinate, 
lateral ridges oblique : tegmina triangular ; claval suture and apical 
margin equally long, the latter very slightly subrotundate ; costal mar- 
gin, gradually slightly rounded ; a;pical commissural angle somewhat 
obtusish, distinct ; apical costal angle somewhat rounded ; longitudinal 
veins rather numei'ous, transverse diacoidal veins rare ; the posterior 
transverse veins arranged in two rows, the anterior irregular, the poa- 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— iVofes on Indian Rhyucliota. 53 

terior regular and continued ; tlie interior ulnar vein emitting many 
branches outwards (Stdl). Budy long, 5i ; exp. teg., 15 millims. 
Reported from Amboina, Borneo, Singapore, India. 

70. RiCANiA FUSCATA, Fabricius. 

Cicada fuscata, Fabricius, Ent. Syet. iv, p. 28 (179-4). 

Flata fuscata, Fabr., Ent. Syst. Supj^t., p. 518 (1798) ; Syst. Rhyng., p. 47 
(1803). 

Bicania ohscuraf Giierin, Voy. Belanger Ind. Orient. Zool., p. 4G6 (1834). 

Euryptera ohscura, Guerin, 1, c. Atlas, t. 3, f. 6 (1834). 

Pochazia ohsciira, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh., p. 160 (1865) ; Walker, List 
Horn. B. M. ii, p. 426 (1851). 

Pceciloptera antica, Westwood, Griffith's An, King. Ina. ii, p. 260, t. 90, f . 4 ; t. 
138, f. 4 (1832). 

Pochazia fumata (?) pt., Walker, 1. c. p. 426 (1851). 

Bicania fuscata, Stal, Hem. Fabr. ii, p. 104 (1879). 

Head fuscous, frons flat, margin and median line elevated : thorax 
dull black, a dorsal and smaller incurved lateral line, elevated : abdomen 
fuscous : tegmiua and wings deflexed, truncated, hyaline-black, imma- 
culate : feet fuscous {Fabr.). 

Dark brown with a small spot near the middle of the anterior 
margin ; the lower wings are covered with a bluish powder at the base : 
apparently belongs to Euryptera, Guerin (Gray in Griffith, I. c). 

Obscure, somewhat coerulean, covered with a powdery substance ; 
thorax tricarinate : tegmina triangular, anterior margin somewhat 
straight, wings concolorous ; feet abbreviated, brunneous-ferruginous 
(Guerin). Long 9 : exp. teg, 30 millims, Stal identified this from the 
type with his own P. obsoura which in Hem. Fabr. {I. c.) he makes one 
with B. fuscata, Fabr, 

cT . Blackish ; abdomen and feet pale fuscous-testaceous : tegmina 
and wings obscurely fuscous, the former marked behind the middle of 
the costal margin with a small, more or less distinct, flavescent greyish 
spot ; costal and apical margins not sinuated towards the apical costal 
angle : wings behind the middle with the veinlets irregularly arranged and 
furnished towards the apex with a row of veinlets ; frons very trans- 
verse, very roundly narrowed towards the apex, furnished with a median 
longitudinal ridge (Stdl). Body long, 7 — 8 ; exp. teg., 29—32 millims. 

Reported from Tranquebar, Java, Cambodia, Burma : the Indian 
Museum possesses a specimen from N. India. 

71. RiCANiA FUMATA, Am. & Serv. 

Pochazia fximata, Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 529 (1843) ; Walker, 
List Horn, B. M. ii, p. 426 (1851), excl. syn. ; J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i. p. 91 (1856) p, 
160 (1857) and x, p. 163 (1867) : Stal, Berlin Ent. Zeitsohr. Ti. p, 314 (1862). 



54 E, T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. [No. 1, 

In all respects similar to li. fasciata, Fabr., but without a hyaline 
band or spot. Black-fuscous, beneath with feet and vertex sordid 
yellow-livid ; tegiuina and wings fuscous-pellucid, in certain positions 
shining subviolaceous ; small marginal space on the tegmina at the costal 
sinus obsoletely pallescent. Frons almost half broader than the length, 
lateral margins slightly converging at the base, gradually rounded be- 
neath the middle towards the apex, tricarinate, the median ridge some- 
what continued through, the two lateral more obsolete, continued from 
the base scarcely to the middle : the apical margin of the tegmina 
somewhat longer than the commissural margin, very slightly sinuate 
between the middle and the apical angle, costal margin broadly distinctly 
sinuate a little behind the middle : wings furnished posteriorly with 
transverse veinlets arranged in two rows, the posterior row more regu- 
lar : last tibite armed with two distinct sjiines behind the middle and 
before the middle (always ?) with a small spinule {Stdl). Exp. teg,, 
41 millims. 

Reported from Java, Sumati-a, Borneo, Malacca, Singapore, Tenas- 
serim. 

72, RiCANIA SINUATA, Stal. 

Pochazia sinuata, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 160 (1865). 

Pochazia fasciata, Am. & Serv. [nee Fabr.], Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem. p. 528, t. 9, 
f. 7 (1843) : Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 426 (1851) ; J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 91 
(1856). 

^. Blackish; beneath with feet fuscous-testaceous ; tibi» and tarsi, 
paler ; tegmina and wings black-fuscous, the former slightly shining 
violaceous ; a band on the tegmina placed behind the middle abbreviated 
near the costal margin and sometimes interrupted, and a median band 
on the wings abbreviated towards the anal area, whitish. Stature 
entirely of B. fumata, A. & S. : the frons with obsolete longitudinal 
strife and three obsolete ridges : wings behind the middle with two 
abbreviated transverse rows of transverse veinlets ; costal apical angle of 
tegmina a little more produced than in JR. fumata (Stdl). This species 
is often confounded with B. fasciata, Fabr., which is somewhat like in the 
marking, but diffei'S in having the costal and apical mai'gins of the tegmina 
straight and not sinuated, the exterior apical angle less produced and the 
head somewhat narrower, and is moreover an African species. Long, 8g ; 
exp. teg., 35 millims. 

Reported from Singapore, Malacca. 

73. RicANiA SPECULUM, Walker. 

Flatoides speculum, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 406 (1851). 
Flatoides tenebrosus, Walker, 1. c. p. 406 (1851) : J . Liuu. Soc. Zool. i, p. 89 
(1856). 



1886.] E. T. Atldnson— iVoi^es on Indian Rlivncliota. ■ 55 

Flatoides perforatios, Walker, 1. c. p. 407 (1851) : J. Liuu. Soc. Zool. x, p 147 
(1867). ^ 

Bicania malaya, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 247 (1854). 
Bicania speculum, Stal, 1. c. pp. 489, 491 (18G2). 

?. Body black : legs ferragiuous : teginina brown with five colour- 
less or wliitisli-liyaline spots, two on the disc, one near them on the 
costal margin, and two on the apical margin, of which the one nearer 
the posterior angle is sometimes interrupted so as to appear two, veins 
brown, whitish on the colourless parts : wings paler brown, pellucid, with 
many almost colourless dots. Body long, 6^— 8| ; teg., 21 — 24 millims. 

Reported from Philippines, China, Malacca, Singapore : the Indian 
Museum possesses a series from Pankabari, Sikkim, Sibsagar (Assam). 

74. Bicania fumosa, "Walker. 

Flatoides fumosa. Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 414 (1851). 
Bicania fumosa, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 491 (1862). 

2 . Body dark ferruginous ; frons and legs ferruginous : meaouo- 
tum piceous : tegmina blackish brojvn, veins black : wings brown. Body 
long, 3^^ ; teg., 12J millims. 

Locality not reported : the Indian Museum possesses a specimen 
from Assam ? 



75. RiCANiA APicALis, Walker. 

Pochazia apicalis, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 431 (1851). 
Bicania apicalis, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 491 (1852). 

2 . Body testaceous : mesonotum black : legs testaceous : tegmina 
dull fawn-colour, ample, finely pubescent, with two indistinct pale brown 
oblique bands, the first forming a ringlet ; a black dot by the tip of the 
fore-border, veins tawny : wings pale grey, pale brown along the hind 
border. Body long, 5i ; teg., 16| millims. 

Locality not reported : the Indian Museum possesses specimens 
fairly agreeing with the description from Sikkim. 

76. RiCANiA OCELLUS, Walker. 

Pochazia ocellus. Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 429 (1851). 
Flatoides facialis, Walker, 1. c. Suppt. p. 100 (1858). 
Bicania ocellus, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forli. p. 491 (18G2). 

^ , $ . Body piceous : vertex and frons with a ferruginous rim : 
clypeus and rostrum tawny : abdomen ferruginous at the base and be- 



56 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on hidian Rbynchota. [No. 1, 

neatli : legs tawny : tegmhia and wings colourless witli brown borders, 
the former ample, a brown dot near the base, beyond it two slender brown 
bands ; the first forming a brown ringlet on the disc between which and 
the boi'der it is widened and includes a colourless dot ; the second very 
slight extending along the outer band of transverse veins ; veins tawny, 
here and there brown : stigma tawny : wings with a brown exterior 
border. Body long, 5 — 6| ; teg., 17 — 19 millims. 

Reported from China : the Indian Museum has a specimen fi^om 
Assam. 

77. RiCANiA INTERRUPTA, Walker. 

Pochazia interrwpta, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 428 (1851) : neo P. inter' 
Yupta, J. L. S. Zool. i, p. 91 (185G). 

Bicania interrupta, Stal, Ofvers. K. y.-A. Forh. p. 4.91 (1862). 

9 . Body black : head very short, as broad as the thorax ; vertex 
very short, dark ferruginous, bordered by a rim, sinuate on the posterior 
border, nearly straight in front, its length in the middle about half of 
that on each side ; frons very finely striated, rounded on each side, 
leather narrower towards the clypeus,- bordered by a ferruginous rim, 
slightly concave where it joins the clypeus, tricarinate, the lateral 
ridges indistinct, its breadth a little less than twice its length ; clypeus 
ferruginous, triangular, with a slight median ridge ; pronotum very 
slightly sinuated behind, rounded anteriorly with a median ridge, on 
each side of which there is an impression, its length in the middle 
less than twice that on each side : mesonotum very finely striated, 5- 
carinate, the two ridges on each side united on the disc : abdomen dark 
ferruginous, obconical, a little longer than the thorax : legs ferruginous t 
tegmina dark brown, ample, triangular, with a broad, oblique white 
band which is interrupted in front ; a row of white dots extending on 
the edge of the tegmen»from the hind border along one-third of the dis- 
tance to the tip ; veins blackish, pale yellow on the wbite parts ; longi- 
tudinal veins very numerous ; transverse veins few ; fore-border straight, 
along it a row of mostly parallel transverse veins which are more oblique 
where the longitudinal vein appears contorted,- beyond this they are 
shorter : wings brown, little more than half the length of the tegmina 
with a white band which forms one with that on the tegmina {WalJeer). 
Body long, 6j ; teg., 25 millims. 
Reported fx^om Malabar. 

78. RiCANiA siMULANS, Walker. 

Pochazia simulans, Walker, List Hom. B. M, ii, p. iZl (1851). 
Bicania svmulans, Seal, Ofvers. K. V.-A, Forli. p, 491 (1862). 



1886.] B. T. Atkinson— AToies on TnJtan Rhvnchota. 57 

? . Body ferruginous : head as broad as the thorax ; vertex very 
short, posteriorly sinuate, very slightly rounded in front, shorter in the 
middle than on each side ; frons flat, rounded on each side, narrower 
towards the clypeus, bordered by a rim, concave where it joins the 
clypeus, not ridged, its breadth nearly twice its length : clypeus trian- 
gular : pronotum very short, arched, bordered by a rim : mesoiiotum 
black, not ridged : metanotum tawny : abdomen obcouical, tawny at the 
base, hardly longer than the thorax : legs tawny : tegmina brown, 
ample, a tawny triangular spot on the anterior margin beyond the 
middle ; two broad, oblique, very irregular, colourless bands on the disc, 
first short, second interrupted ; veins tawny, longitudinal veins numerous, 
transverse veins few ; anterior mai^gin slightly convex, along it a row of 
parallel transverse veins which are contorted and more oblique towards 
the tip : wings pale greyish-brown {Walker). Body long, 5| ; teg., 16| 
millims. 

Reported from N. India. 

79. RiCANIA PROMINENS, Walker, 
Ricania prominens, Walker, Ina. Saund. Horn. p. 48 (1858). 

Dull testaceous : head with eye and antcnnee forming a large verti- 
cal compartment ; vertex transverse, very short, mostly covered by the 
pronotum ; frons with transverse blackish marks, very much longer than 
broad, with elevated borders and three slight ridges, the middle one 
abbreviated, the pair converging towards the face, where the}-- are 
connected ; face lanceolate, ridged : pronotum bicarinate, very convex 
along the fore border ; mesonotum with a brown interlined disc and two 
blackish dots on each side ; metanotum and abdomen dark brown, the 
latter with a pale testaceous stripe on each side : legs testaceous, femora 
slightly streaked with black : tegmina with brown marks along the cnsfa 
and with a few brown marks elsewhere and Avith an irregular whitish 
subapical band ; stigma whitish ; veinlets regular along the costa and 
along the extei-ior border where they are mostly forked, the discal veins 
and veinlets irregular, the latter numerous ; wings with very few vein- 
lets ; both vitreous grayish, veins black and the exterior borders brown 
(Walker). Body long, 8^ ; teg., 25 millims. 

Reported from Silhat. 

80. Ricania quttifera, Walker. 

Pnchazia guttifera, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 427 (1851). 
Ricania guttifera, Stal, Ofvers. K. I. -A. Forh. p. 491 (1862) ; Distant, J. A. S. 
B. xlyiii (2), p. 38 (1879). 



68 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 1, 

^, 9. Body black : head very slioi't, as broad as the thorax: vertex 
bordered with a rim, sinuate behind, straight in front, its length in the 
middle about half of that on each side : frons dark ferruginous with a 
black border, very finely striated, rounded on each side, narrower to- 
wai'ds the clypeus, bordered by a rim, hardly sinuated where it joins tlie 
clypeus, having a middle ridge which does not reach the fore-border, its 
breadth nearly twice its length : clypeus triangular, with a middle ridge : 
pronotum slightly siniiate behind more rounded on the anterior margin, 
with a middle riilge much longer in the middle than on each side ; meso- 
notum 5-carinate, the two ridges on each side united on the disc : abdo- 
men obconical, a little longer than the thorax, ferruginous towards 
the base : legs ferruginous : tegmina triangular, ample, dark brown^ 
blackish along the fore-border, with three colourless spots, one on the 
fore-border beyond the middle, one near the tip and one which is smaller 
near the hind border : a white dot on the disc and between it and tlie 
tip a small indistinct, tawny spot ; veins blackish, tawny on the colour- 
less spots, longitudinal veins very numerous towards the tips, transverse 
veins free ; fore-boi'der straight, along it a row of oblique, mostly- 
parallel, transverse veins which are shorter towards the tip : wings dark 
brown, little more than half the length of the tegmina {Walker). Body 
long, 7 — 8^ ; teg., 29 — 36 millims. 
Reported from Silhat (Assam). 

Species douhtfulhj Indian. 

81. RiCANiA GUTTATA, Walker. 

Flatoides giiftatu,s, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 408 (1856) : J. L. S. Zool. i, 
p. 156 (1857). 

Ricania guttata, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 491 (1862). 

$ . Black : vertex piceous, frons dark ferruginous : pronotum fer- 
ruginous : legs tawny, femora piceous : tegmina blackish-brown, with three 
whitish-hyaline spots, one on the disc round, second larger and almost 
triangular placed on the costal margin near the tip, third as large as the 
first placed on the tip near the costal margia ; a I'ow of colourless dots 
along the tips of the tegmina ; veins blackish, pale on the spots. Body 
long, 6i ; teg., 21 millims. 

Reported from Hong Kong, Borneo. 

82. Ricania episcopus. Walker. 

Flatoides epii'copus, Walker, List Horn. B. M. Suppl. p. 100 (1858). 
Ricania e2Discopus, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Pdrli., p. 491 (1862). 

Tawny, testaceous beneath : abdomen luteous : tegmina and wings 
whitish ; the tegmina with three broad blackish bauds which are con- 



1886.2 E. T. Atkinson— iVofes ofi Indian Rliynchota. 59 

uected in front, tlie first and second connected iu the middle ; the three 
more or less connected with, or interrnpted by three chalybeous black 
bauds, of which the first is costal, the second is curved and contained in 
the fore-part of the second blackish band, and the third is marginal : a 
deep black spot half enclosed in the second chalybeous band : the winga 
with a broad median lurid band and a blackish marginal band. Body 
long, 8|-9i i teg., 21-23 millims. 
Reported from N. China. 

83. RicANiA OBLiQUA, Walker. 

Pochazia ohliqua, "Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 429 (1851). 
Ricania ohliqua, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh., 591 (1862). 

S . Body black : frons dark ferruginous : legs ferruginous : tegmina 
brown, feriTiginous towards the base (the costal margin excepted), with 
two slightly tawny bands, the outer one of irregular breadth, the inner one 
shorter and broader, and between them on the costal margin is a slightly 
tawny nearly triangular spot ; veins concolorous : the wings are very 
slightly tinged with tawny, brown along the fore-borders. Body long, 
6— 7i ; teg., 19—21 millims. 

84. Ricania marginalis, "Walker. 

Flatoides marginalis, Walker, List Horn. B. M, ii, p. 409 (1851) : J. Liun. Soo. 
Zool. i. p. 89 (1856). 

Ricania marginalis, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 491 (1862). 

$ . Body black : abdomen and legs ferruginous : femora piceous . 
tegmina and wings blackish-brown, the former with five colourless spots 
of which one is a dot on the disc, second very large, triangular, on the costal 
margin near the tip, third much smaller on the tip, with 2 — 3 coloarlesa 
dots, fourth and fifth small irregular, on the tip near the hind border ; a 
row of colourless dots along the tips of the tegmina ; veins blackish, 
pale on the spots. Body long, 7j ; teg., 25 millims. 
Reported from Singapore, Africa (?). 

85. Ricania walkeri. 

Pochazia interrupta (a. b. I.), Walker, J. Linn. Soo. Zool. i, p. 91 (1856). 

Testaceous : tegmina and wings brown, the former partly lurid to- 
wards the hind border, an interrupted band beyond the middle, tips 
hyaline, slightly testaceous. Vertex much broader than long ; frons 
elongate subquadrate, with a slight groove in the middle : prouotum 
arched, extending over part of the vertex : mesonotum slightly tricari^ 
nate (Walker). Body long, 6| ; teg., Ul millims. 

Reported from Singapore. 



60 E. T, Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. [No. 1, 

86. EiCAKiA. cosTiMACULA, Walker. 
Pochazia costimacula, Walker, J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 91 (1856). 

Black : tead and legs tawny ; vertex brown with a tawny border : 
tegmina and wingg blackish, the former mostly lurid along the borders 
and about the transverse veinlets and with a whitish hyaline spot on the 
Costa beyond the middle. Frong broader than long with a median ridge 
and an elevated margin {Walker), Body long, 5 ; teg., 14| millims. 

Reported from Malacca. 

87. RiCANiA GRADIEN8, Walker. 
Pochazia gradiens, Walker, J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 91 (1856). 

Tawny, testaceous beneath : tegmina and wings blackish, the former 
tawny along the costa. Head with a median ridge and with the margins 
elevated: frons hardly broader than long, the sides rounded (T'FaU'er). 
Body long, 5 ; teg., 12| millims. 

Reported from Singapore. 

88. RiCANIA PLEBEIA, Stal. 
Ricania pleheia, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 162 (1865). 

5 . Fuscous-greyish ; beneath with frons and feet, paler ; tegmina 
fuscous, sprinkled with minute pale dots before the middle ; a small 
obliquely transverse median line on the costal limbus whitish, and a very 
minute punctiform spot on the apical costal angle, black : wings infus- 
cate. Frons tricarinate : commissural apical angle of the tegmina 
straight, apical margin almost entirely straight (Stal). Long, 7 ; exp. 
teg., 22 millims. 

Reported from Siam. 

89. Ricania limitaris, Stal. 

Ricania limitaris, Stal, Ofvera. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 161 (1865). 

Fuscous-testaceous, frons and feet paler : tegmina fuscous, clavug 
and indeterminate interior part of the corium, paler ; a largish costal 
spot placed almost behind the middle, sordid whitish ; a small shining 
spot in the costal apical angle, blackish, and a small obsolete discoidal 
spot, fuscous : wings very slightly infuscate. Frons obsoletely tricari- 
nate, costal limbus of tegmina remotely transversely veined (Stal). 
Long, 8 ; exp. teg., 22 millims. 

Reported from Cambodia. 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— iVofes on Indian Rhynchota. 61 

90. RiCANIA PULVEROSA, Stal. 
Bicania pulverosa, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 162 (1865). 

(5-, 5. Fuscons-testaceous ; vertex, thorax, and scutellum, black : 
tlie basal part of tlie tegmina powdery-flavcscent and the disc clouded 
fuscous ; the transverse discoidal veiulets and the costal mam-in before 
the middle, pale ; the latter minutely spotted fuscous ; three costal spots 
the median somewhat large, a small one near the apex, and a very minute 
apical one, yellow- whitish ; the median costal spot with black ti*ansverse 
lines ; a minute spot in the apical costal angle, black : wings weak 
f uscescent. Frons distinctly tricarinate : tegmina densely veined, the 
transverse veinlets on the costal limbus remote {Stal). Long, 4 — 7j exp. 
teg., 14 — 20 millims. 

Reported from Cambodia. 

91. RiCANIA EPISC0PALI9, Stal. 
Ricania episcopalis, Stal, Ofvera. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 162 (1866). 

9 . Weak fuscous-testaceous : tegmina more obscure, costal spot 
behind the middle also two bands, one placed before the middle and 
abbreviated outwards, the other placed behind the middle and abbreviated 
near the costal margin, somewhat interrupted in the middle and jjroduced 
a little forwards anteriorly, whitish hyaline ; a spot near the costal 
margin behind the middle and an arch placed between the spot and the 
margin, black ; wings very slightly infuscate, the base and a transverse 
spot behind the middle, whitish. Frons with a median obsolete ridge, 
lateral ridges very obsolete : tegmina densely veined, very numerous 
transverse veinlets on the costal limbus, several of which are forked 
(Stal). Long, 7; exp. teg., 21 millims. 

Reported from N. China, Formosa. 

Genus Minduba, St&l. 
Rio Jan. Hem. ii, p. 69 (1862). 

In Hem. Afric. iv, p. 220 (1866), Stal unites the genera Mlndura 
and Miriza with Nogodina, but subsequently [Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh., 
p. 769 (1870)] keeps them separate and creates from Miriza the sub- 
genera Varcia and ISassula, to the latter of which M. sorurcula, Stal, 
belongs. 

Frons with two distinct ridges, slightly converging towards the apex, 
much longer than broad ; vertex distinctly prominulous before the eyes ; 
lateral margins of the clypeus carinate at least at the base : tegmina 
equally broad, broadly rounded at the apex, furnished between the apex 
of the clavus and the transversely veined costal area with a continued 



62 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota, [No. 1, 

row of distinct transvei^so veinlets, the costal area of the usual breadth ; 
interior vein of corium forked before the middle. 

A. Tegmina vitreous ; the first and second longitudinal veins emit- 
ted from the basal area not forked before the transverse row of veinleta 
mentioned above, transverse veins rare, very rare and obsolete before the 
row above mentioned ; transverse veins on the apical part forming two 
rows, before which irregularly scattered transverse veins are present ; 
last pair of tibiee 3-spinose. — Miriza, Stal, of which the type is Ricaiiia 
hohemani, Stal. 

B. Tegmina opaque, with somewhat closely arranged transverse 
veinlets ; the second longitudinal vein emitted from the basal area forked 
before the continued transvei'so row of veinlets ; numerous transverse 
veinlets irregularly arranged on the apical part : last pair of tibiae, 
4-spinose. — Mindura, Stal, of which the typo ia Flata obscura, Fabri- 
cius. 

92. Miriza sorurcula, Stal. 

Miriza sorurcula, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 164 (1865) ; p. 769 (1870). 

^ . Weak testaceous-flavescent : tegmina and wings sordid hya- 
line : extreme part of the lateral margins of the frons and clypeus, median 
ridge on the frons, two spots on the vertex and thorax, three lateral 
sj^ots on the scutellum, the clavus except the basal part, irregular mar- 
ginal spots on the corium which are more or less confluent, apical limbus 
of the wings, lateral margins and abbreviated bands on the dorsum of 
the abdomen, fuscous : disc of the scutellum more obscure {Stal). 
Long, 11 ; exp. teg., 30 millima. 

Reported from Cambodia. 

93. Mindura hemerobii. Walker. 

Bicania hemerohii, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 425 (1851) ; J. Linn. Soc. Zool. 
i, p. 89 (1856). 

Mindura hemerohii, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 491 (1862). 

(7,9. Body tawny : frons dotted with brown, bordered by a black- 
edged rim ; clypeus with a median ridge and border, black : mesonotum 
ferruo-inous with a tawny median stripe and two oblique black and 
elichtly undulating ridges : abdomen with a black stripe above : legs 
tawny, striped black : tegmina and wings nearly colourless, the former 
with the tips and five spots, brown ; of the latter two are placed near 
the tips towards the hind border, one near the tip on the foi-e-border and 
two are by the stigma which is tawny ; veins black : wings edged with 
brown. Body long, 8| ; teg., 27 millims. 

Reported from Ceylon, Malacca. 



1886.] E. T. Mk\nson-—Kofes on Indian Ehyncliota. 63 

Genus PuciNA, Stal. 
Hem. Afric. iv, p. 221 (1866), Berlin Ent. Zeitschr. x, p. 393 (1866). 
Clavus without transverse veinlets : head not prominent before 
the eyes ; vertex transverse ; clypeus convex, without lateral ridge s : 
tegmina gradually slightly amplified towards the apex, furnished to- 
wards the apex with oblong areolas arranged in two rows and with many 
areolas less regularly arranged on the disc ; ulnar veins and radial 
forked somewhat before the middle of the coriam ; first tibite hardly 
longer than the femora and trochanters, last tibi^ bi-spinose {Stdl). 

9-i. PuciNA PELLUCIDA, Guerin, 

Cixius pellucidus, Guerin, Yoy. La Coquille, Zool. ii, (2), p. 189 (1830) : loon. 
Regno Animal, t. 58, f. 4 (1830-34). 

Ricania pellucida, Spin., A. S. E. F. (1 ser.) viii, p. 401 (1839) j Walker, List 
Horn. B. M. ii, p. 423 (1851). 

Pucina pellucida, Stal, Berlin Ent. Zeitsclir. x, p. 393 (1866). 

Head yellowish with three ridges : frons thrice longer than broad, 
strongly margined and with a median ridge ; vertex broader than long, 
disc flat and horizontal, margins elevated, fine ; anterior margin obtusely 
angular, its tip extended a little beyond the eyes ; posterior margin 
angularly emarginate : thorax varied with green and brown, also the 
abdomen, which is less high than broad : tegmina and wings transparent, 
veins brown, with a brown triangular dot on the anterior margin of each 
tegmen and near its tip ; radial vein weakly ai'cuate, sub-radial sti-aight, 
rejoining the radial towards the second third on the anterior margin, the 
intermediate space with eight transverse, sub-parallel veins and divided 
into nine fairly large cellules, of which the seven intermediate are aa 
broad as long, the two extreme longer than broad ; the adjoining space 
between the radial and cubital veins divided into two large, narrow, 
elongate cellules by a complete, transverse vein : feet yellowish, tarsi 
brown ; posterior tibioa with two lateral spines. Long, 6 ; exp. teg., 16 
millims. 

Reported from Java, Bengal. 

Subfam. Flatina, Stal. 
Flatida, Hem. Afric. iv, pp. 131, 235 (1866) ; Flatina, Ofvera. K. V.-A. Forh. 
p. 771 (1870). 

Clavus granulate, apex sometimes subacute and closed, sometimes 
very obtase and broadly open ; with two veins separated through the 
entire length or near the apex united in one ; costa dilated, costal mem- 
brane transversely veined ; claval suture distinct ; anal area of wings not 
reticulated : last tibia? without a mobile spur (Stdl). 



64 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. [No. 1, 

Genus Certnia, Stal. 

Rio Jan. Hem. ii, p. 68 (1862) ; Hem. Afric, p. 235 (1866). 

First joint of antennse oblong or elongate, hardly shorter than the 
second ; gense anteriorly rounded ; frons longitudinally convex : thorax 
produced in the middle and covering the short vertex ; tegmina very 
greatly decumbent, very ample ; posterior tibi^ very often bi-spinose : 
costal membrane narrowed at the base (Stdl). 

95. Cerynia MARIA, White. 

Poeciloptera maria, White, A. M. N. H. xviii, p. 25, 1. 1, f. 3 (1846). 
Flata maria, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 436 (1851). 

Cerynia maria, Stal, Ofvera. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 490 (1862) ; Distant, J. A. S. 
Ben. xlviii (2), p. 38 (1879) ; A. M. N. H. (5 ser.) xi, p. 172 (1883). 

Of a very delicate white colour with a reddish wax-like spot not 
far from the base of the tegmina, an interrupted somewhat curved 
narrow black line running across the wing not reaching the fore-margin : 
behind it, and not far from the end of the inner margin there is a short 
narrow black line : the tegmina more or less powdered with a waxy 
secretion ; the wings white, somewhat hyaline : head, thorax, body and 
femora very pale yellow ; antennae and tibias blackish : a large tuft of 
white, waxy, spongeous matter at the end of the body. In some speci- 
mens the red mark on the tegmina is neai'ly obsolete and the transverse 
black line is quite obsolete anteriorly (White). Exp. teg., 33 — 34 millims. 

Var. a. Flata teneUa, Walker, I. c. supra, p. 437 (1851), has the 
tegmina of a very delicate pale-green, abdomen in ^ concolorous and 
in 2 pale yellow. 

Var. 6. Cerynia rosea, mihi, has the tegmina of a delicate pale 
rose colour and comes from Sikkim. 

Reported from India, Assam, Tenasserim. The Indian Museum 
possesses specimens from Sikkim, Assam, Tenasserim. 

Genus Ph ({OMNIA, Stal. 

Eio Jan. Hem. ii, p. 68 (1862) j Hem. Afrio. iv, pp. 235, 239 (1866) : Flata, pt., 
Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hera. p. 521 (1843). 

Body oblong, compressed : head much narrower than the thorax ; 
vertex short, thorax concealed ; frons longitudinally convex, seen from 
the side roundly-prominulous ; gen^ anteriorly rounded ; clypeus long : 
no ocelli : antennae elongate, rounded, second joint twice or half longer 
than first : disc of thorax elevated behind the vertex, the elevated part 
Bomewhat eloped forwards, produced, covering the vertex : scutellum 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on JmJian Rliynchota. 65 

convex : tegmina very ample, very greatly decumbent, longer by half 
than broad, rounded at tbe apex, very densely longitudinally veined, few- 
transverse veinleta on the disc, furnished near the apex with a regular 
row of transverse veinlets, costal membrane everywhere equally broad ; 
costal area furnished with obliquely transverse, forked, veins : feet modei-- 
ate, simple ; last tibioe very often bispinose {Stal). 

96. Phromnia marginella, Olivier. 

Fidgora marginella, Olivier, Eno. Meth. vi, pp. 566, 575 (1791) : Stoll, p. 50, til, 
f. 54 (1788). 

Flata marginella, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 434. (1851) ; excl. eyn. 

Phromnia marginella, Stal, Ofvera. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 490 (1862) ; Distant, 
A. M. N. H. (5 eer.) xi, p. 171 (1883). 

Body and feet greenish : apical joints of antennae brown : tegmina 
bright green ; at the base itself with an orange-patch (at least in old 
specimens) costal margin up to apical fifth nari'owly sanguineous, 1 or- 
dered interiorly with verdigris green, longitudinal veins slightly orauge 
towards the base : wings white, transparent. Body long, 13 ; teg. long, 
24 millims. 

Reported from Ceylon, Mergui ; the Indian Museum has a series from 
Sikkim, Assam. 

97. Phromnia tricolor. White. 

Fcsciloftera (Flatida) tricolor, Wliite, A. M. N. H. xviii, p. 26 (1846). 
Flata tricolor. Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 435 (1851). 

Phromnia tricolor, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 490 (1862) : Distant, A. M. 
N. H. (5 ser.) xi, p. 172 (1883). 

Tegmina pale-green, anterior margin (especially at the base) reddish, 
the colour gradually verging into green ; a few white powdery dots on 
the basal part, the underside washed white : wings white, somewhat 
powdered ; veins, especially at the base, greenish : body and legs pale- 
green. The front edge of the wings near the base has a prominent 
angle, followed by a sinuation (White). Exp. teg. about 48 millims. 

Reported from Silhat : the Indian Museum possesses specimens 
from Siam, Samaguting and Naga hills in one of which the green of the 
tegmina has faded to orange-yellow and in others the red is far advanced 
towards the middle and in others wanting. 

98. Phromnia rubicunda, Distant. 

Phromnia ruhicunda, Distant, A. M. N. H. (5 ser.) xi, p. 171 (1883). 
Tegmina dull reddish, becoming slightly paler towards the apex ; 
the basal, marginal and apical areas above somewhat irregularly tinged 
9 



66 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. [No. 1, 

and spotted with chalky white ; beneath more evenly and palely tinged 
with the same colour : wings white : body pale ochraceous, the pronotnm 
somewhat darker in hue : legs pale ochraceous, first and intermediate 
tibise and tarsi, black ; last tarsi with the apical joint, black : tibite 
strongly sulcated, last tarsi armed with three prominent spines. AlHed 
to P. tricolor, White, but differs in the longer tegmina and different 

colour of the same, different coloxir of tibiae, &c. (Distant). Exp. teg., 

62 millims. 

Reported from Mergui, 

99. Phbomnia INTACTA, Walker. 

Flata intacfa, Walker, Liat Horn. B. M. ii, p. 435 (1851). 
Phromnia Intacta, Stal, Ofvere. K. V.-A. Fork. p. 490 (1862). 

. Body pale stramineous : antennfe long, stramineous, third joint 
black, much longer than the second : pronotnm almost truncate-conical 
on the disc, somewhat impressed in front, tricarinate, ridges produced 
through the mesonotum : abdomen obconical, not longer than the tho- 
I'ax : legs tawny ; anterior tarsi and tips of the anterior tibiae and of the 
hind tarsi, black : tegmina dingy white, veins white : wings milk-white. 
Body long, 9| ; teg., 46 millims. 

Reported from Silhat, 

100. Phromnia inobnata, Walker. 

Flata inornata, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 438 (1851). 
Phromnia iiiornata, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forli. p. 490 (1862). 

Body tawny : antennae black, very long, tawny towards the base : 
pronotnm straight behind, conical in front, its length about one-fourth 
its breadth ; mesonotum indistinctly tricarinate, disc flat : abdomen ob- 
conical, a little longer than the thorax : legs tawny, feet and tips of the 
anterior tibife, black : tegmina dull pale tawny, veins yellow : wings 
colourless. Body long, 12^ ; teg., 42 millims. 

Reported from Tenasserim. 

Genus Lechjia, Stal. 

Hem. Afric. iv, p. 236 (1866). 

Tegmina furnished towards the apex with one or two rows of 
transverse veinlets or with veinlets irregulai'ly scattered throughout, and 
with very many or several longitudinal veins forked at the apex, the 
longitudinal veins at the apex rarely simple, if so, the tegmina are fur- 
nished with a single row of veinlets near the apex. Body cylindrical or 
compressed ; tegmina very greatly decumbent. Frons seen from the 



188G.J E. T. Aikinfion—Nutcs on Indian Rhjaichota. 67 

side and genoa produced in the middle ; tegmina veiy ample, gradually 
somewhat amplified towards the apex, furnished near the apex with a 
regular arched row of transverse veinleta which begins behind the apex 
of the clavus, costal area transversely veined, some veins anastomosed 
(Stdl). Type, L. dentifrons, Guerin. 

101. Lech^a dentifrons, Guerin. 

Pceciloptera dentifrons, Guerin, Icon. Regue Animal, Text©, p. 363 (1830-31). 
Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 445 (1851). 

Lechcea dentifrons, Stal, Berlin Eut. Zeifcschr. x, p. 393 (1866). 

Genus SCARPANTA, Stal. 
Hem. Afric iv, pp. 236, 240 (1866). 

Body oblong, compressed : head much narrower than the thorax, 
vertex very short, concealed by the thorax : antennaa very short, first joint 
hardly visible : ocelli distinct : thorax compressly-elevated on the disc, 
elevated part flat, a little sloped forwards, anteriorly truncated, pro- 
duced, covering the vertex, on both sides acutely margined or terminated 
by a ridge reaching the base : scutellum tricarinate : tegmina very 
ample ; very greatly decumbent ; gradually amplified beyond the mid- 
dle ; truncated at the apex, remotely veined ; furnished throughout with 
transverse veinlets irregularly scattered, remote ; costal area broad, re- 
motely reticulate : the elevated dorsal part of the abdomen emitting a 
slender, erect, process : feet moderate, simple : last tibifQ bispinoaa 
(Stdl). 

102. ScARPANTA coiiMA, Walker. 

Pmciloptera comma, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 447 (1851). 
Scarpanfa comma, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 490 (1862). 

S . Body buff : abdomen powdered with white, valves and other 
appendages at the tip large : legs tawny : anterior feet and tips of the 
anterior tibiee and of the hind feet, black : tegmina buff, a very short 
and slender, slightly oblique, black streak on the disc, an oblong black 
dot near the hind border at one-third of the length from the base ; veins 
buff: wings milk white. Body long, 9| ; teg., 37^ millims. 

Reported from Silhat. 

Genus Flata, Fabricius, Stal. 

Ent. Syst. Snppt. pp. 511, 5l7 (1798) ; Stal, Berlin Ent. Zeitsohr. vi, p. 313 
(1862) ; Hem. Afrio. iv, pp. 236, 241 (1866). 

It includes Golohesthes, Am. & Berv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem., p. 522 (1843) ; 
Cromna, Walker, J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 85 (1856) ; aad Phyllyphunta, Am. & Serr., 
1. c, p. 523 (1843). 



68 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. [No. 1, 

Body oblong, compressed : head narrower than the thorax, varying 
jn shape ; vertex short, concealed ; frons sometimes tumid or conically 
produced at the base : ocelli distinct : antennae very short : thorax 
anteriorly somewhat produced, covering the vertex : scutellum more or 
less distinctly tricarinate : tegmina very ample, very greatly decumbent 
gradually amplified towards the apex, truncated at the apex, moderately 
densely veined, most, often all, the transverse veinlets irregularly scat- 
tered, veinlets rarely arranged in one or two irregular rows towards the 
apex, costal area irregularly reticulated : feet simple, last tibiae bispinose 
{titdl). Type, Flata ocellata, Fabr. 

103. Flata ocellata, Fabricius. 

Cicada ocellata, Fabr., Syst, Ent. p. 682 (1775) ; Spec. Ins. ii, p. 322 (1781) ; 
Mant. Ins. ii, p. 268 (1787); Bat. Syst. iv, p. 27 (1794,), excL syn. de Geer. 

Plata ocellata, Fabr., Ent. Syst. Snppt., p. 517 (1798) ; Syst. Rhyng., p. 49 
(1803), Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 489 (1862) ; Hem. Fabr. ii, p. 107 (1869). 

Ricania ocellata, Germar, Mag. Ent. iii, p. 224 (1818). 

Pwciloptera ocellata, Bnrm., Handb. Ent. ii (i), p. 162 (1835) ; Spin., A. S. B. F. 
Tiii, p. 441 (1839) ; Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, pp. 444, 454 (1851). 

Pceciloptera stellaris, Walker, List 1. c. ii, p. 453 (1851). 

Pceciloptera argiolus, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 191 (1855). 

Green : tegmina much compressed, posterioi'ly acutely angulated, 
green, sprinkled with numerous ocellar ferruginous dots : feet pallid 
{Fabr.). In faded specimens the colour is a dirty white or yellow and 
the ferruginous spots become an obscure brown. 

Stal's P. argiolus is thus described : — 'Weakly whitish- virescent ; 
frons, thorax, and scutellum tricarinate, the last, however, less so : teg- 
mina sparingly sprinkled with small dull black-sanguineous spots, ob- 
soletely circled whitish ; clavus granulate.' Body long, 6 ; exp. teg., 
20 millims. 

Reported fi'om Tranquebar, 

104. Flata ferrugata, Fabricius. 

Plata ferrugata, Fabr., Syst. Rhyng. p. 50 (1803) ; Germar in Thon's Archiv. 
ii, fasc. 2, p. 49 (1830) ; Stal, Hem. Fabr. ii, p. 108 (1869). 

2 . Very palely subtestaceous-flavescent, here and there covered 
with a whitish powdery substance ; wings whitish : apical margins of 
the two last segments of the abdomen in 5 at least, black towards the 
sides. Very close to J'', ocellata, Fabr., hardly differs except in colora- 
tion unless in having the apical, commissural angle of the tegmina a 
little less produced, somewhat straight, not distinctly acute and thorax 
with a single less distinct median ridge. Head truncate, vertex very 
obtusely angulated anteriox'ly, concealed by the thorax ; frons a little 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rlijncliota. G9 

longer than it is broad beneath the middle, gradually slightly amplified 
from the base beyond the middle, thence on both sides obtusely rounded 
furnished with an obtuse median ridge running through it, slightly im- 
pressed on both sides within the lateral margins, not tumescent at the 
base : thorax with a median ridge {Stdl). Body long, 8 ; with teg., 10^ ; 
exp. teg., 24 millims. 

Reported from Tranquebar. 

105. Flata marginella, Guerin. 

Bicania marginella, Giierin, Voy. La Coqiaille Zool. ii (2), p. 193 (1830) ; Icon. 
Eegne Animal Ins., t. 58, f. 6 (1830-34) ; Voy. Belanger Ind. Orient, p. 467 (1834.) 
Pwciloptera marginella, Spin., A. S. E. F. (1 ser.) viii, p. 433 (1839) ; Walker, List 
Horn. B. M. ii, p. 443 (1851). 

Nephesa marginella. Walker, J. Linn. S. Zool. i, p. 161 (1857). 

Pceciloptera fimhriolata, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh.. p, 247 (1854). 

Phyllyphanta fimbriolata, Stal, Freg. Bug. Resa, p. 282 (1859) ; Ofvers. 1. c, 
p. 159 (1865). 

Head greenish-yellow : frons elevated in a small, conical, some- 
what projecting process : pro- and meso-notum, fresh green with four 
longitudinal lines converging towards the head, the two internal a little 
broader and more visible, also some patches on the sides, bright orano-e 
or miniaceous red : metanotum and abdomen yellowish- white mino-led 
with some green tints : head beneath, four anterior tibite, and anus pale 
brown : entire body beneath, four anterior femora, and posterior feet 
very pale green : tegmina falciform, very fresh green, reticulated orange, 
outline bordered russet and dentate within, very slender at the side and 
external margin, broader on the posterior margin ; towards the end of 
this margin, at the second third from the base, there is a small rounded 
russet patch touching the border and placed near the exterior dilated 
angle : wings milky- white with slightly greenish and bluish reflections : 
abdomen and feet greenish-white {Guerin). Long, 6; exp. teg., 19 
millims. 

Stal's description of his P. fimhriolata, which was clearly made 
from a faded specimen, is : — " Yellow, streak on vertex and thorax and 
entire limbus of tegmina, fuscous-sanguineous, disc of thorax with two 
luteous streaks ; frona reflexly-margined, furnished on both sides with 
a very obsolete ridge towards the base, but towards the apex entirely 
evanescent ; disc of thorax bicariuate ; scutellum 4-carinate, with the 
lateral ridges abrupt behind the middle, somewhat flat between the 
median ridges ; colour of tegmina changing into subvirescent, cellules 
margined lutescent, clavus granulate inwards ; wings milk-white, j long, 
7 ; exp. teg., 20 milliixis." 

Reported from Cochin- China, Malacca, Borneo ; the Indian Museum 
possesses a specimen from Siam, 



70 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rlijncliota. [No. 1, 

lOo. Flata inteacta, Walker. 

Pceciloptera intrada, Walker, List Horn. B. M. Sappt. j). 116 (1858). 

Bright pale grass-green : frons hardly longer than broad, slightly 
tricarinate, margins not elevated, slightly widened towai^da the face : 
pro- and meso-notum slightly tricarinate, the former arched : abdomen 
pale testaceous : legs partly reddish : tegmina with a pale testaceous 
marginal line ; costa rounded ; tip and interior angle somewhat rounded, 
especially the former ; the exterior border hardly rounded, interior border 
tuberculate ; veins and transverse veinlets numerous : wings white. 
Body long, 6j ; teg., 19 millims. 

Rf'jjorted from the Punjab. 

107. Flata flaccida. Walker. 
Flata flaccida, Walker, Ins. Saund. Horn., p. 50 (1858). 

Pale testaceous : vertex elongated, narrower towards the front, with 
elevated borders : antennae black : thorax tricarinate : abdomen some- 
what paler than the thorax : anterior tibiae and anterior tarsi mostly 
piceous : tegmina with a few minute pustules, veins very numerous, 
especially along the margin : wings white (Walker). Body long, 12^; 
teg., 50 millims. 

Reported from India. 

108. Flata indocilis, Walker. 
Pceciloptera indocilis, Walker, Ins. Saund. Horn. p. 55 (1858). 

5 . Testaceous : vertex covered by the pronotum ; frons not longer 
than broad, widening a little towards the face, with a slightly elevated 
border, tricarinate ; face lanceolate, ecarinate : pronotum transverse, dis- 
tinctly carinate, conical in front, slightly concave behind : mesonotum 
ecarinate : abdomen and legs whitish testaceous : tegmina with numerous 
discal veins and transverse veinlets, slightly convex along the costa, 
rectangular, and hardly rounded at the tips, straight along the exterior 
border, interior angle acutely rectangular, marginal veinlets rather 
short, mostly forked along the exterior border : wings white {WiiUcer'). 
Body long, 6| ; teg., 16| millims. 

Reported from India. 

109. Flata angulifera. Walker. 

Croinna. angulifera, Walker, Ins. Saund. Horn. p. 57 (1858). 
2 . Testaceous varied with green : head elongate, acutely conical ; 
frons with elevated borders, ecarinate ; face lanceolate : disc of thorax 



18SG.] E. T. Ailiiuson— Notes on Indian Rlijncliota. 71 

flat, slightly carinate on each side ; pronotum transverse, slightly arched : 
tegmina green, slightly testaceous along the interior border, with few 
veins and very few ti-ansverse veinlets on the disc, the marginal veinlets 
mxmerous, moderately long, costa convex for two-thirds of the length 
from the base, very slightly concave from thence to the tip which is 
rectangular like the interior angle, exterior border straight : wings 
white {Walker). Body long, 4j ; teg., 10^^ millims. 
Reported from India. 

110. Flata marginalis, Signoret. 

PhylUphanta marginalis, Signoret, A. S. E. F. (4 ser.) ii, p. 125 (18G2). 

Green-yellow, a little lighter beneath : tip of the head and ontline 
of the tegmina yellowish-bi-own : wings whitish : head acuminate in 
front and covered almost entirely by the pronotum which is extended 
well beyond the eyes and allows only the cephalic prolongation of the 
head to be seen, then directed downwards it changes its contour or outline 
beyond the eyes by proceeding abruptly forwards in forming a right angle ; 
anterior margin rounded verj^ convex, posterior margin concave : meso- 
notum very broad, convex, rounded in front, extremity rounded, median 
part flat, bounded by two comj^lete ridges, on each side of which are 
two incomplete ridges which proceed from the anterior border. Lower 
angle of tegmina very acute, upper margin rounded, external angle round- 
ed, external margin almost straight, sutural margin sinuate and rugose ; 
external cubital vein much elevated and furnished on each side with a 
number of small tubercles which as well as the vein are of a yellow 
brown : wings whitish : abdomen yellowish, genitalia brownish : feet 
yellow, anterior tibioa, brownish (Sign.). Long, teg. extended, 18 
millims. 

Reported from Cochin-China. 

111. FlA'IA FALCATA, Guerin. 

Pceciloptera falcata, Giierin, Voy. Belanger Ind. Oriout. Zool., p. 460, t. 3, 
f. 5 (1834) ; Spin., A. S. E. F. viii, p. 430 (1839). 

Golohesthes falcata, Am. & Serr., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem., p. 523 (1843) ; Walker, 
List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 439 (1851) ; 

Golohesthes albiplana, Walker, J. Linn. Soo. Zool. i, p. 92 (1856), p. 161 (1857) ; 
X, p. 180 (1867). 

Entire body and feet pale golden-yellow ; head carinate on the sides, 
eyes black : thorax subcarinate : tegmina subtriarigular, anterior margin 
rounded, very narrow at the base, external margin as large as the an- 
terior margin, of a yellowish-white with air immense number of pnle 
golden-yellow veinlets : wings milky white, semi-tx'ansparent, posteriorly 



72 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliynchota. [No. 1, 

dilated : abdomen compressed, yellowish ; feet rather short, tarsi a 
little brunneons {Guerin). Long, 14 ; exp. 57 millims. 

Reported from Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Singapore, Malacca, Burma, 
Walker describes his G. albiiilana thus : — " White : tegmina con- 
vex in front, rectangular at the tips, straight and quadrate from thence 
to the interior angle which is attenuated and very acute : posterior 
margin straight : wings hardly acuminate at the tips." 

112. Flata conspersa, Walker. 

Colohesthes conspersa, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 440 (1851) j Stal, Ofvera. 
K. V.-A. Forh. p. 490 (1862). 

i, ^ ■ Body tawny : head narrower than the thorax ; vertex very 
short ; frons conical above, fore-part paler : abdomen obconical, longer 
than the thorax, powdered with white : legs pale tawny : tegmina pale 
fawn-colour, sprinkled with black which is chiefly on the transverse 
veins, rounded on the anterior margin, truncate at a right angle along 
the tip, sinuate on the posterior margin at the tip of which they ai-e 
produced into an acute angle or hook ; veins pale tawny : wings milk- 
white. Body long, 11 — 15 ; teg., 38 — 46 millims. 

Reported from India, Assam, Silhat : the Indian Museum possesses 
specimens from Sibsagar, Sikkim, Calcutta. 

113. Flata acutipennis, Walker. 
Cromna acutipennis, Walker, J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 85 (1856). 

Green, paler beneath : head and thorax with testaceous stripes ; 
tegmina with a brown line extending from near the tip of the costa to 
one-third of the length of the hind border from the interior angle : 
wings white (Walker). Body long, 7|- ; teg., 21 millims. 

Reported from Malacca, Burma. 

114. Flata lutescens, Walker. 

PcBciloptera lutescens. Walker, List Horn. B. M. Siippt., p. 117 (1858). 
Flata lutescens, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 490 (1862). 

^ . Testaceous : vertex a little broader than long, indistinctly 
tricarinate, borders slightly elevated : pronotum arched, slightly uni- 
carinate : m.esonotum indistinctly tricarinate : dorsal apical appendage 
of abdomen long, slender, curved, sulcate : tegmina very slightly rounded 
along the costa ; tip rounded ; exterior border straight forming a well- 
defined inght angle with the interior border which is tuberculate : veins 
and transverse veinlets rather numerous ; marginal veinlets rather long : 
wings white (Walker). Body long, 6j ; teg., 19 millims. 

Reported from N. India. 



1886.] E. T. Mkinson—Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. 73 

115. Flata albata, Stal. 

Flafa albata, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. xi, p. 247 (1834) : Freg. Eug. Resa, 
p. 283 (1859). 

WJiitisli : tegmina within two fuscescent bands at tlie apex, behind 
the middle with three, small, oblique, abbreviated, black bands ; geni- 
cnliB, tibiiB, and anterior tarsi, black-fuscous {Stal). Bodj long, 10 ; 
exp. teg., 33 millims. 

Reported from Malacca. 

116. Flata marginata, Walker. 
Colohesthes marginata, Walker, J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 92 (1856). 

Grreenish- white : frons not broader than long, with a slightly ele- 
vated border and a slight ridge : sides slightly rounded : mesonotum on 
each side with a testaceous stripe which includes a luteous line : teg- 
mina minutely tnberculate towards the base, rounded in front, rectangu- 
lar at the tips, straight and quadrate from thence to the hind angle 
which is attenuated and acute : hind border straight, a pale luteous 
marginal band extending fz-om three-fourths of the length of the costa 
nearly to the middle of the hind border {Walkei-). Body long, 8-^- ; teg., 
37^ millims. 

Reported from Malacca, Burma. 

117. Flata prteri. Distant. 

Plata (Colohesthes) pryeri, Distant, Trans. Ent. Soc, p. 153 (1880). 

Body above and tegmina pale greenish ; wings pale greenish white : 
tegmina with the costal, inner, and outer margins (the last only half the 
length from the apex) narrowly and obscurely luteous, and with an 
angular black line on the disc, about half way from the base and about 
two-thirds the distance from the costal margin : body beneath and legs 
somewhat luteous. Face broad, convex, carinate in the middle, sides 
amplified : posterior angle of tegmina attenuated and acute, expanse at 
outer margin twice that of width near base : two well developed trans- 
verse, somewhat irregular, series of veinlets preceding outer margin and 
a third one situated midway between these and the reticulated area (Dis- 
tant). Body long, 10 ; exp. teg., 36 millims. 

Reported from Borneo, Penang. 

118. Flata antica. Walker. 

Pmciloptera antica, Walker (nee Westw.), List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 456 (1851). 
Flata antica, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 490 (18G2). 
10 



74 E. T. Atkinson— JN^o^es on Indian Rhyucliota. [No. 1, 

5 . Body yellowish-green : head very short ; vertex extremely 
short, apparently almost concealed by the pronotnm ; frons flat, a little 
broader towards the clypens, pale luteous and slightly rounded on each 
side, margins reflesed, very slightly sinuate where it joins the clypeus 
with a median ridge extending three-fourths of its length : clypeus 
slightly rounded, obliquely streaked on both sides : mesonotum with 
three green stripes of which the median follows a ridge : pectus luteous ; 
abdomen obconical, crested, pale green and tinged with white above : 
legs pale luteous : tegmina whitish green, dilated and tuberculated along 
moi'e than half the length of the hind border, truncated at the tips 
which form right angles wath the hind borders ; veins bright luteous 
especially along the fore-border towards the base where the whole wing 
has that hue unless closely inspected : wings white. Body long, 9^ ; 
teg., 25 millims. 

Reported from India. 

Species of uncertain positiori. 
119. Flata coromandelica, Sj)iuola, 

Pceciloptera coromandelica, Spin., A. S. E, F. (1 ser.) viii, p. 440 (1839) j Walker, 
List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 440 (1851). 

S , 9 • Head, dorsum of thorax, tegmina, grass-green, the rest inclu- 
ding wings of a lighter green, veins deeper : second joint of the antennae, 
exterior border of the external flap, and of the entire discoidal space of the 
tegmina orange : third joint of the antennae and its filament, spines ou 
tibiae and tarsi, black, 

Repoi'ted from Coromandel. 

120. Flata truncata, LinnjBus. 

Cicada truncata, Linn., Syet. Nat. ii, p. 704 (1758) ; Ania3n. Acad, vi, p. 399 
(1763). 

Fidgora truncata, Olivier, Enc. Meth. vi, p. 571 (1791) ; Fabricius, Syst. Ent. 
p. 674 (1775) ; Spec. Ins. ii, p. 815 (1781) ; Mant. Ins. ii, p. 261 (1787) ; Ent. Syst. 
iv, p. 4 (1794) ; Syst. Rhyng., p. 4 (1803). 

Pceciloptera truncata, Westwood, Trans. Linn. Soo. xviii, p. 151 (1841) ; Walker, 
List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 446 (1851). 

Whitish-green, wings deflexed, compressed, posteriorly truncated, 
frons a little advanced, obtuse. {Linn.) 
Reported from India, Java. 

121. Flata addita, Walker. 

Pceciloptera addita, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 448 (1851). 
Pceciloptera plana. Walker, List 1. c, p. 463 (1851). 
Flata addita, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 489 (1862). 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliynchota. 75 

Walker makes his species the same as Stoll's * La Cigale cliappe 
verte (Cigales, p. 76, t. 19, f. 103), wliich comes from Madras. StoU 
describes it as having head and eyes white, body and feet pale yellowish 
green, tegmina green, powdered with white farinose, wings white. 
Walker's P. addita has body pale green ; antennae yellow ; abdomen 
greenish yellow powdered with white : legs pale green : feet tawny : 
tegmina pale green powdered with white ; veins green : wings milk-white. 
Walker's P. plana is only a faded specimen of P. addita. 

$ . Body long, 6 — 7 ; teg., 25 — 29 millims, 

122. Flata lactifera, Walker. 
Pccciloptera lactifera, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 450 (1851). 

Body, legs and veins on tegmina pale stramineous ; the two former 
powdered with white : mesonotuni with two luteous stripes ; tegmina 
and wings white, tegmina with numerous longitudinal and few transverse 
veins, anterior margin slightly rounded and along it a row of oblique, 
parallel, here and there forked, transverse veins. Body long, Q^ ; teg., 
21 millims. 

Reported from N. India. 

123. Flata distinctisrima, Walker. 

Pceciloptera distinctissima, Walker, List Horn. B. M. Snpijt., p. 114(1858), 
Flata distinctissima, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Fork. p. 490 (1862). 

Pale green or whitish or testaceous : mesonotum with four more or 
less distinct luteous or testaceous stripes : abdomen and legs pale testa- 
ceous : tegmina with a reddish marginal line extending from the apical 
part of the costa to the base of the interior border which is slightly 
tubercalate ; veins and transverse veinlets, testaceous : wings white. 
Long, 7i ; teg., 21 millims. 

Reported from N. China. 

124. Flata gdttulaeis, Walker. 

Pceciloptera guttiilaris, Walker, List Horn. B. M. Suppt., p. Ill (1858). 
Flata guttularis, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 490 (1862). 

Testaceous, whitish pubescent, rarely pale green : abdomen gene- 
rally white : tegmina rarely tinged with green towards the base and 
along the costa, with about 18 minute black dots : wings white. Long, 
9—101 ; teg., 31—33 millims. 

Reported from N. China. 



76 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rbyucliota. [No. 1, 

125. Flata (?) TRiscRiPTA, Walker. 

Flata triscripta, Walker, Ins. Sannd., p. 50 (1858.) 

Green, thickly covered with white tomentum : antennas, tarsi, and 
fore-tibi^, black : wings white, iridescent : vertex and frons elongated, 
their borders elevated, parallel : pronotum much arched : tegmina with 
a slight green tinge, slightly testaceous along the borders and with two 
grayish, curved, parallel bands, the one marginal the other submarginal ; 
three black discal lines of which the fore one forms a very obtuse angle, 
much longer than the other two, between which and the interior border 
the veins are black ; costa and exterior border rounded ; veins numerous ; 
veinlets rather numerous {Walker). Body long, 8i ; exp. teg., 25 
millims. 

Reported from Penang. 

126. Flata (?) rectimargo, Walker. 

Pceciloptera rectimargo, Walker, Ins. Saund., p. 51 (1858). 

Testaceous with a very slight rosy tinge : abdomen whitish testa- 
ceous : tegmina very pale rosy ; wings white. g has fore tibice, black : 
tegmina with a luteous tinge along part of both exterior and interior 
borders. J has the tegmina with a luteous stripe near the costa. Body 
long, lOi— 12i ; teg., 46—50 millims. 

Reported fz'om Penang. 

127. Flata sinensis. Walker. 

Pieciloptera sinensis, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 451 (1851). 
Pteciloptera cereris, Stal, Of vers. K. V.-A. Porh. p. 24-7 (1854). 
Phylhjphanta cererin, Stal, Freg. Eug. Resa, Hem., p. 282 (1859) ; Ofvers. 1. c, 
p. 489 (18G2). 

<? , 5 . Weak virescent : head briefly conically produced ; frons 
reflesly margined with a veiy obsolete median ridge : thorax somewhat 
granulated towards the sides, with a slight ridge : scutellum parallel 
with three obsolete grass-green ridges, the lateral pair very obsolete : 
tegmina scarcely twice as long as broad, internal apical angle acutely 
produced ; the exterior apical limbus and the internal limbus behind the 
middle densely adorned wdth small fuscous spots ; clavus densely and ex- 
ternal limbus towards the base spaiingly, granulated ; very many cells 
furnished with a weaker granule or somewhat elevated spot [Stal) . Long, 
9 ; exp. teg., 22 millims. 

Reported from Hong-Kong. 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes 07i Indian RLyncbota. 77 

Genus Seliza, Stal. 

Berlin Ent. Zeitsclir. vi, p. 312 (1862). 

Head narrower tlian the thorax ; vertex transverse, concealed : frons 
of variable length, sometimes subtumid at the base, lateral margins 
somewhat acutish and slightly reflesed : obsolete ocelli present : anten- 
na) short, first joint very short : thorax slightly arcuate, prominent in a 
small tooth anteriorly on both sides at the eyes ; thorax and scutellura 
without ridges : tegmina moderately ample, contracted slightly near the 
apex, subtruncated at the apex, apical angles rounded, sprinkled irreo-a- 
larly with transverse veinlets, furnished between the apex of the clavus 
and of the subradial vein with a continued row of transverse veinlets, 
the space between the subradial vein and cubitus varying in length and 
breadth, and furnished towards the apex with transverse veinlets : veins 
on clavus united towards the apex : feet moderate, simple ; last tibijB 
bispinose behind the middle. Allied to Flata, Fabr., but very distinct 
in the structure and form of the tegmina (Stdl) : type, P. vidua, Stal. 

128. Seliza vidua, Stal. 

Fceciloptera vidua, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. xi, p. 248 (1854) ; Freg. Eug. 
Eesa, Ins. p. 281 (1859). 

Seliza vidua, Stal, Berlin Ent. Zeitsclir. vi, p. 812 (1862). 

Tellow-testaceous ; frons furnished at the base with an arcuate ridge, 
and towards the base between the eyes with a longitudinal ridge : teg- 
mina subparallel, one and a half times longer than the breadth, behind 
the middle both outwardly and inwardly sinuate, roundly truncated at 
the apex, adorned with a broad black-fuscous patch, clavus inwardly 
tuberculate. Head yellow testaceous, at the base itself with a subarcuate 
transverse ridge ; frons somewhat longer than the breadth, reflexly- 
margined, furnished with a small ridge towards the base : antennte 
flavescent, third joint fuscous : thorax yellow-testaceous, semicircularly 
subelevated behind the head : scutellum yellow-testaceous, convex, almost 
four times longer than the thorax : tegmina one and half times longer than 
the breadth, rounded outwardly from the base, then subparallel, sinuated 
outwardly and inwardly behind the middle, roundly truncate at the 
apex, testaceous-yellow ; a large, longitudinal patch, abrupt before the 
middle, black fuscous ; clavus longitudinally cariuately elevated inwards : 
beneath with feet testaceous-yellow (Sldl). Long, 5; exp. teg., U 
millims. 

Reported from Malacca, India., 

129. Seliza tkuncata, Walker. 

Flatoides truncaUis, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 419 (1851). 
Seliza truncata, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Fcirh., p. 490 (1862). 



78 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rbjucliota. [No. 1, 

^. Body tawny, darker here and there : head a little narrower 
than the thorax ; vertex conical, slightly concave ; frons much larger 
than broad, widening from the vertex to the clypens where it is rounded, 
reflexly marginate, and with a slight median ridge : eyes striped : tho- 
rax rounded in front slightly sinuate behind ; nearly four times broader than 
long : mesonotum ferruginous, more than twice as long as the pronotum : 
abdomen luteous, obconical, not longer than the thorax : genitalia consis- 
ting of two curved appendages the tips of which cross each other ; the 
lower one compressed, deep, grooved ; the upper one longer and more 
slender : legs tawny : tegmina truncate at the tips, pale tawny : veins 
darker, very numerous towards the tips : wings almost colourless, brown 
towards the tips ; veins brown, tawny at the base {Wallcer). Body long, 
5 ; teg., 14| millims. 

Reported from N. India. 

130. Seliza ferruginea, Walker. 

Elidiptera ferruginea, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 333 (1851). 
Seliza ferruginea, Stal, K. V.-A. Forh., p. 490 (1862). 

<J . Body tawny ; head much narrower than the thorax ; its two 
segments divided by a suture which forms an angle towards the hind 
border ; hind segment yellow, piceous on the disc, its back forming a 
right angle with each side on which the eye is placed : fore segment 
piceous, rounded in front ; frons rather broad, rounded on each side, 
piceous next the crown : rostrum tawny, reaching the hind coxse : an- 
tennse ferruginous, rather short, second joint neai-ly twice longer than 
the first : pronotum as long as the head very finely rugulose, somewhat 
truncated in front, slightly sinuate behind, disc of the mesonotum, 
piceous : abdomen obconical, not longer than the thorax : legs tawny, 
grooved, rather broad ; a tooth on each hind tibia near the tip : 
tegmina ferruginous, darker at the tips, partly inflated at the base and 
along the hind border, near whose base there are a few rows of small 
tubercles ; reticulated part occupying full one-third of the wing ; fore- 
border slightly convex not dilated ; a ro w of numerous short parallel 
veinlets between it and the first longitudinal vein ; veins ferruginous : 
wings grayish (Walker). Body long, 6^ ; teg., 16| millims. 

Reported from India. 

131. Seliza lignaria. Walker. 

Flatoides lignarius, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 413 (1851). 
Flatoides mi7ior, Walker, 1. c, p. 417 (1851). 
Flatoides duhitayis, Walker, 1. c, Suppt., p. 101 (1858). 
Pceciloptera punctifro7is, Walker, 1. c, Snppt., p. 118 (1858). 
Seliza lignaria, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh., p. 489 (18G2). 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— iVo/fes on India7i Rhyncliota. 79 

^ , Body ferruginons : vertex with, a large piceous spot on each 
side ; frons and clypens, tawny ; mesonotum piceous : abdomen a little 
longer tlian the thorax, genitalia very long, upper one armed near the 
base with two spines, curved downwards towards the tip which ap- 
proaches the middle of the tip of the lower one, the latter is very deep, 
especially at the tip where its depth is almost equal to its length : legs 
tawny : tegmina ferruginous, moderately broad, with a few darker spots ; 
discs of the areolas almost colourless ; veins brown ; costal margin 
much dilated towards the base and along it a row of parallel transverse 
veins : wings gray, paler towards the base. ? has the abdomen shorter 
than the thorax, tip rounded and along it a groove with a transverse 
ridge. Body long, 5J ; teg., IGh millims. 

Reported from Hong-Kong. 

Genus Flatoides, Gueriu. 

Icon. Regno Animal, Texte, Ins., p. 362 (1838) : Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, pp. 237, 
248 (1866) : inclades Phaloinomorpha, Am. & Serv. Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem., p. 525 
(1843) ; Stal, Berlin Ent. Zeitschr. vi, p. 312 (1862). 

Body oblong, depressed, head produced before the eyes ; vertex flat, 
sides parallel, confused anteriorly with the produced base of the frons 
which is not ridged : rostrum rather long, antenna short : thorax elevated 
and flat on the disc, broadly sinuate at the base, sides flattened : tegmina 
ample, suboblong, costal membrane broad : feet simple, last tibiae bi- 
Bpinose ; last dorsal segment of the abdomen in 2 furnished with a largo 
produced plate, rounded at the apex {Stal). 

132. Flatoides indica, Walker. 

Elidiptera indica, Walker, List Hom. B. M. ii, p. 330 (1851). 
Flatoides indica, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh., p. 489 (1862). 

$ . Body pale tawny, mottled with darker colour : head conical, 
not longer than the pronotum, somewhat sinuate and with a brown 
stripe above, yellow and marked with a darker colour beneath where 
it widens to the clypeus : rostrum luteous, reaching to the hind coxiB ; 
eyes very prominent : antenuc^ luteous, rather long, second joint longer 
than the first ; pronotum conical, slightly excavated and indistmctly 
angular on the hind border : disc of the mesonotum very concave ; a 
ridge on each side towards the tip which forms an acute angle : ab- 
domen slightly obconical, a little longer and broader than the thorax : 
legs pale tawny, slightly grooved : a single black-tipped spine on each 
hind tibia : tegmina very pale tawny, almost colourless towards the tips, 
adorned on the veins with numerous brown dots, some of which are 
confluent and with a transverse brown band at one-third from the base ; 



80 E. T. Atlcinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. [No. 1, 

veins pale tawny ; a broad convex membrane along the fore-border and 
at the tip slightly waved, furnished with mimerous veins, most of which 
are connected by a band of transverse veins : wings whitish : veins 
pale stramineous (IVall-er). Body long, 10| ; teg., 25 milliros. 
Rejoorted from French rocks near Madras. 

133. Flatoides fimbria, "Walker. 

Elidiptera fimbria, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 331 (1851). 
Flatoides fimbria, Stal, Ofvera. K. V.-A. Forli., p. 489 (1862). 

2 . Body pale dull luteoua : head conical, a little longer than the 
pronotum ; lateral margins slightly caiinate ; frons widest between the 
eyes : rostrum tawny, nearly reaching the hind coxte : eyes not j)vo- 
minent : pronotum truncated in front, with a slight median ridge ; 
hardly excavated on the hind border, j)aler than the head : mesonotum 
pale brown with two ridges which are oblique in fi-ont : abdomen 
elliptical, longer than the thorax, marked with black at the base : legs 
tawny, slightly grooved ; a single black-tipped spine near the tip of 
each hind tibia : tegmina pale yellowish-brown Avith small irregular 
dark brown marks which are chiefly on the veins, rounded, much 
widened and furnished with numerous veins along the fore-border ; 
veins pale tawny : wings pale gray, veins tawny ( Walker) . Body long, 
10| ; teg., 27 millims. 

Reported from Silhat. 

134. Flatoides principalis, Stal. 

Flatoides principalis, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Fork., p. 159 (1865). 

5 . Testaceous-stramineous ; tegmina turning into pale olivaceous, 
very slightly narrowed behind the middle, broadly I'ounded at the apex : 
wings sordid whitish. Head fairly produced before the eyes ; vertex some- 
what longer than the thorax, a little longer than broad, obtuse at the apex 
and sinuated on both sides ; frons much longer than broad, fairly narrowed 
upwards, rounded on both sides towards the apex ; a ridge proceeding 
from the base beyond the middle, distinct, furnished in the middle with 
two small ridges : clypeus without a ridge : median part of the thorax, 
elevated, somewhat concave anteriorly, rounded at the aj^ex : scutellum 
with an abbreviated transverse ridge a little before the middle, recurved 
on both sides, and continued to the apex, black-fuscous at the apex : 
costal part of the tegmina transversely veined, very broad, narrowed 
towards the apex, occupying towards the base more than a third part 
of the tegmina ; margins entire, not eroded : last pair of tibiiB bi- 
spinose (Stal). Long, 15 ; exp. teg., 38 millims. 
Reported from Malacca, Ligor. 



< 



1886. J E. T. Atkinson— m/es on Indian Rhjnchota. 81 

135. Flatoides (?) EMARG[NATus, Walker. 

Flatoides emarginatus, Walker, J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 89 (1856). 
Blackish : head, pectus, and legs dull dark testaceous ; frons about 
twice broader than long with an elevated border and with three short 
ridges on the hind part : tegmina and wings blackish, a white linii.id 
spot beyond the middle of the costa of the tegmina, which are slightly 
hooked. Body long, 6i ; exp. teg., 23 millims. 
Re23orted from Singapore. 

Genus Atracis, Stal. 
Hem. Afric. iv, pp. 237, 250 (1866). 

Body oblong, depressed : head much narrower than the thorax, 
more or less prominulous before the eyes : ocelli present : antenna? short : 
disc of thorax elevated and flat ; thorax broadly sinuated at the base : 
clavus granulated at the base : last segment of the abdomen in $ produced 
in a large plate which is rounded at the apex : feet simple, last tibiae 
unispinosc (Stdl). 

136. Atracis pruinosa, Walker. 

Elidiptera pruinosa, Walker, List Horn. B. M. Suppt., p. 75 (1858). 
Flatoides pruinosa, Stal, Of vers. K. Y.-A. Forh., p. 439 (1862). 
Atracis pruinosa, Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 250 (1866). 

Sordid testaceous : head and pronotum slightly marked with black : 
disc of the mesonotum mostly black : tegmina with a slight greyish 
bloom and slight, small, irregular and variable, brown or black marks ; 
costal margin much dilated : wings greyish with darker veins. Vertex 
much broader than long, slightly angular in front, with a slight ridge 
and with elevated borders ; frons a little longer than broad, with two 
nearly obsolete ridges and with slightly elevated borders ; pronotum 
somewhat truncated anteriorly and with a very slight ridge (Walker). 
Body long, 7i ; teg., 21 millims. 

Reported from N. China. 

Genus COPSYRNA, Stal. 
Rio Jan. Hem. ii, p. 69 (1862) ; Hem. Afric. iv, p. 237 (1866). 
Body somewhat cylindrical or compressed : head moch narrower 
than the thorax : antenna) standing up a little beyond the anterior margin 
of the gona->, second joint short or very short : ocelli not visible : tegmina 
rounded at the apes : last pair of til»ia3 unispinosc. 
11 



82 E. T. Atkinson — Notet; on Indian Rliyncliota. [No. 1, 

137. CoFSYRNA MACULATA, Guerin. 

Peeciloptera maculata, Guerin, Icon. Regue An. t. 58, f . 7 (1830-31) ; Voy. Bel. 
Ind. Orient., p. 470 (183i) : Spin., A. S. E. F. viii, p. 423 (1839) : Walker, List Horn. 
B. M. ii, p. 443 (1851) ; J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 92 (1856), p. 161 (1857). 

C'opsyrna maculata, Stal, Rio Jan. Hem. ii, p. 69 (1862). 

Head, thorax, and wings yellowish- white, a little orange on the sides 
of the mesonotum and at the base of tegmina : head with an oblong 
patch in the middle of the frons, two approximated dots in the middle 
of the pronotum, two longitudinal parallel lines in the middle of the 
mesonotnm, and four small dots on the posterior lateral margins, black : 
tegmina oblong, rounded at the tip, with several brown spots, almost 
black towards the anterior margin, quadrate, in several places confluent, 
leaving small white spaces in their midst and forming, towards the tip, 
three arched parallel bands on the external margin : wings white : 
beneath and feet pale yellow {Guerin). Long, 12 ; exp. teg., 50millims. 
Reported from Java, Malacca, Singapore. 

Genus Nephesa, Amyot & Serville. 

Hist. Nat. Ine. Hem., p. 527 (1843) : Walker. List. Horn. B. M. ii, p. 
(1851) : Stal, Hem. Afric. iv, p. 237 (1866) ; Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh., p. 773 (1870). 

Head broad, straight or scarcely arched beyond the eyes ; vertex 

in the form of a very short margin beyond the pronotum, with a slight 

transverse ridge which separates it from the frons which is broad and 

has neither a distinct longitudinal ridge nor a transverse groove : ocelli 

apparently absent : pronotum without a longitudinal median ridge ; 

mesonotum with three almost parallel elevated lines : tegmina with 

lono'itudinal and forked veins ; of a very fine substance, although slightly 

opaque ; truncated at the tip ; margins straight, a little broader at the 

tip than at the base ; external border with very distinct transverse veins ; 

wings almost as long as the tegmina and much broader at the tip than at 

the base : vulvar plates in $ broad, in form of an elongated cone, 

extending beyond the tip of the abdomen, with a sabre-shaped oviduct, 

divided into two equal plates, very robust and usually hidden by the 

vulvar plates : last pair of tibiae unispinose {A. Sj- S.) Differs from 

Oopsyrna in having the tegmina tru.ncated at the apex and the head only 

a little narrower than the thorax. 

138. Nephesa rosea, Spiuola. 

Bicania rosea, Spinola, A. S. E. F. viii, p. 400 (1839). 

Nephesa rosea. Am. & Serv., Hist. Nat. Ins. Hem., p. 528 (1843) ; Walker, List 
Horn. B. M. ii, p. 433 (1851) ; J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 91 (1856) : Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A^ 
Forh., p. 489 (1862) ; p. 773 (1870) ; Berlin Ent. Zeitschr. x, p. 393 (1866). 

Posciloptera completa. Walker, 1. c, p. 241 (1851). 

Flata matutina, Walker, 1. c, p. 437 (1851). 



1886.] J. C. Douglas— r/i(3 Rim-Bees indigenous to India, Sfc. 83 

d", $. Head, thorax, and tegmiua of a slight rosy colour : wino-s 
white : body beneath and feet of a pale yellowish colour (.1. ^ S^). 
LoLg, 22 millims. 

Reported from Philippines, Java, Singapore. 

8]pecies of doubtful occurrence. 

138. Pceciloptera luteimargo, Walker, J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 92 (185G). 
Green, with a slight testaceous tinge : frons a little longer than 

broad with the border slightly elevated and with a slight i-ido-e ; sides 
rounded : thorax ecarinate : pronotum nearly semicircular, extendiuo- 
over the vertex : mesonotum broader than long : tegmina subquadrate 
at the tips, about which there is a luteous brown-bordered band : wino-g 
limpid (Walker). Body long, ef- ; teg., 14| millims. 
Reported from Singapore. 

139. Pceciloptera niveina, Walker, J. Linn. Soc. Zool. i, p. 92 (1856). 

White : in structure like the preceding : tegmina with a testaceous 
marginal band which extends from two-thirds of the length of the costa 
to the base of the hind border (WaUcer). Body long, 5|- ; teg., l-i| 
millims. 

Reported from Mount Ophir (Singapore). 

140. Plata lynce.a, Fabricius, Ent. Syst. iv, p. 42 (1791) ; Syst Rhyng., p. 55 
(1803). 

Small : face flavescent, markings black : frons glaucous with a dull 
black dot on both sides cinctured flavescent and a small line in the 
middle : thorax glaixcous with two rounded dull black spots anteriorly ; 
tegmina and wings hyaline, exterior margin flavescent (Fabr.). 

Reported from India. 



III. — The Hive-Bees indigenous to India and the Introduction of the 
Italian Bee.— By J. C. Douglas. 

[Eeceived January 11th ;— Read January 6fch, 1886.] 
As I am about to leave Calcutta, and for several months shall not be 
able to pursue further my investigation concerning the indigenous bees 
of the genus Apis, I present this preliminary paper. I hope on a future 
occasion to be able to give further details, after I have mounted, exa- 
mined, and drawn some of the more characteristic specimens ; I shall 
also obtain additional specimens and examine more nests of wild bees. 

It is a striking fact that bee-keeping should have been of such trifling 
value in India, while it has existed elsewhere as a considerable industry from 
ancient times, has been carried on all over Europe and in parts of Asia and 



84 J. C. Douglas — The ITice-Bees indujenous to India [No, 1, 

Africa, in such diffeveut climates as those of Noi'way and Egypt, and on a 
large scale even in the New World, where no indigenous hive-bees exist. 

The honey-bee is indigenous over the whole of India, and the climate 
is almost universally exceedingly favourable. In 1881, I applied to the 
India Office for any information available concerning Indian bees and 
apiculture. The matter was referred to the Government of India, who 
in 1883 published a collection of papers on the subject. In accoi^dauce 
with a resolution of the Government of India, a large number of 
specimens of honey, wax, and comb was sent to the International 
Exhibition at Calcutta in 1884. I collected a large quantity of specimens 
and many facts, personally, and from correspondents, who took great 
trouble to render me assistance in the enquiry. I found European 
entomologists had no more information on Indian bees than Dr. Gerstiicker 
had given in his paper* published in 1862. I received valuable assis- 
tance in my enquiries from Mr. E. C. Rye, through Mr. Tegetmeier of 
' The Field ;' and Mr. Horton Ellis placed at my disposal the corre- 
spondence the late Mr. Woodbury had with the late Mr. F. Smith and 
others. Herr F. Moravitz, of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences, 
was kind enough, in reply to a letter of mine, to give me such inform- 
ation as he possessed on the subject of Asiatic varieties. 

General facts elicited by the enquiry were : — 

1. That some species of hive-bee is apparently indigenous to every 
part of India and that in the plains several species exist. 

2. That of the same species found in the hills and also in the plains, 
the variety inhabiting the colder climate is the more productive. 

3. That honey is obtained from even the least productive vainoties by 
suspending or inserting in walls vessels suitable for the habitation of the 
insects. 

4 That bee-keeping of the primitive kind described above is com- 
mon in the plains, but the more productive the species or variety of bee 
the less primitive the mode of cultivation ; the lowest form consists in 
the use of an eai'then vessel for a hive and in the destru.ction of all the 
bees when taking the honey, as in lower Bengal ; the use of cylindrical 
hives made for the purpose of wooden logs or earth and wattle, where 
the bee is more productive, as in the Punjab ; hives built in house-walls, 
as in Cashmere, where the bees and their brood-nests are not destroyed, 
but feeding on meal and sugar or honey is practised ; and, finally, 
where Apis inellifica is found, in the Bashahr district of the Punjab, 
special bee-houses as high as 25 feet are built, and men devote their time 
to the care and protection of bees. 

* ' Ueber die geographisclie Verbreitung nnd die Abandernngen der Honigbiene 
nebst Bemorkiingen iiber die auslandiscben Honigbienen der alten Welt,' in XI. 
Wuuder-Vorsauimlang Deutsche Bicnenwirthe zn rotsdam, 1862. 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— A^o^es on Indkin Rlijncliota. I43 

Fig. 3. Eow of ^cidiospores towards the base of a series : showing inter- 
calaiy cells or lamellae most distinctly between the upper spores, 
^ 340. 
„ 4. Mature ^cidiospore, x 340. 
„ 5. Peridial cells, x 340. 

6. Showing a few mycelial filaments in an air-cavity below a stoma, 
X 849. 

Plate V (Photographs). 
Fig. 7. Transverse section of a needle through an ^cidium shewing the 
depth to which its base extends, and a fragment of the pseudoperi- 
dium outside. 
„ 8. Longitudinal section of a needle showing a spermagonium above and 
the margin of au secidium below. 



VII. — Notes on Indiait Rliyncliota. No. 6. — Addenda and Index. 
By E. T. Atkinson, B. A., President op the Society. 

[Read November 4th, 188^.] 

Genus P(ecilopsaltria, StaL 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 211. 

Basal cell of tegmina irregnlai'ly four or somewliat five-angled, very 
often broad ; ulnar veins altogether distant at the base : head broad, 
obtuse, with the eyes broader than the scutellum ; vertex more than 
twice broader than the eyes ; ocelli twice and often thi'ice more distant 
from the eyes than from each other ; f rons slightly or moderately convex, 
at the base before the vertex scarcely or but a little pi'ominent : thorax 
angulated on both sides : first femora without distinct spines ; metas- 
ternum elevated, the elevated part furrowed, and somewhat sinuately 
truncated {Stdl, Hem. Afr. iv, p. 2). 

1. POECILOPSALTRIA AFFINIS, FabriciuS- 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 211, no. 2. 

Body of a moderate size, spotted black : margin of thorax dilated : 
tegmina obscurely greyish, posterior margin broadly hyaline with several 
fuscous spots : wings much shorter, fulvous, black before the margin, 
striated fulvous, margin itself not hyaline but fulvous (Fabr.). 

3 9 . Pale olivaceous-flavescent or virescent : lores (margin ex- 
cepted), clypeus (ridge excepted), two small apical spots on, and two 
19 



144 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. [No. 2, 

transverse lines towards, the base of the frons, a band on the gente, a 
spot including the ocelli, two spots at the eyes and a transverse line 
(sometimes obliterated) on the vertex, a bi*oadish lateral intramargiual 
line on the thorax, four basal spots (the median pair somewhat large), a 
narrow oblique lateral line (posteriorly abbreviated), and three small 
posterior spots on the scutellnm, basal limbus of the dorsal segments of 
the abdomen and a lateral spot on the four last ventral segments, black. 
Tegmina opaqi^e whitish yellow, clouded fnscons, a median spot in the 
radial area and a spot occupying the middle of the 1-2 paler ulnar areas, 
the apical areas (the entire eighth area and basal and apical parts of the 
first area excepted) viti'eous, colourless ; ulnar veins marked at the apex 
and near the apex on both sides with a small fuscous spot : wings 
lutescent ; a narrow streak and the apical part, outwards bi'oadly, and 
inwards narrowly, obscurely fuscous ; this apical part at the veins and 
the veinless limbns and anal area, weakly lutescent. Head obtuse, 
frons slightly convex : lateral apical part of the vertex lying between 
the frons and the eyes subequal in breadth to the subbasal part of the 
frons ; clypeus sinuately truncated at the apex : ocelli more than twice 
as distant from each other as from the eyes : sides of thorax much 
angulai'ly dilated, angles somewhat straight, rounded at the extreme 
apex : sides of the interior ulnar area somewhat parallel behind the 
middle: metasternum elevated, longitudinally impressed in the middle, 
sinuated anteriorly : the veinless limbus of both tegmina and vpings of 
equal breadth (Stdl). 

Genus Plattpleura, Amyot & Serville, StaL 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 211. 

Body stout, large : head not or scai'cely broader than the scutellum, 
rarely narrower : ocelli rarely a little more than twice as distant from 
the eyes as from each other : the sides of the thorax much flattened out, 
foliaceous, horizontal, anterior angles turning towards the middle of the 
eyes, anterior margin sinuated behind the eyes ; posterior limbus broad : 
basal cell of tegmina broad ; ulnar veins emitted fi'om it, distant at the 
base, interior ulnar area gradually broader towards the apex : entire 
tympana or the greater part concealed ; opercula moderate, transverse, 
rounded at the apex, slightly valvate {Stdl), 

2. Platypleura ciliaris, Linnseus. 

Cicada ciliaris, Linn., Syst. Nat. (lOth ed.) i, p. 436 (1758) ; Mns. Lnd. Uh-. p. 
155 (1764) ; Olivier, Eno. Mefch. v, p. 757 (1790) j Germar in Thon's Arch, ii, (2), 
p. 2 (1830) ; Silb., Eev. Ent. ii, p. 78 (1834) : Stoll, Oig., p. 102, t. 26, f. 147 (1788). 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson—Notes 07i Indian Rliynchota. 145 

Cicada ocellata, Be Geer, Mem. iii, jd. 220, t. 33, f. 2-3 (1773) : OHrier, Enc. 
Mefch. V, p. 751. t. 112, f. 3 (1790) : Cape. 

Tettigonia marmorata, Fabr., Syst. Rbyng. p. 38 (1803), Amboina. 

Cicada marmorata, Germar, Thou's Arcliiv. ii (2), p. 17 (1830) ; Silb., Rev. 
Eiit. ii, p. 79 (1834) : Platijpleuraid. Sign., B. S.E.F. (6 ser.) i, p. xlii (1881), China. 

O.vypleura (f) marmorata, Walker, 1. c. p. 24 (1850). 

Platijpleura ciliaris Stal, Hem. Fabr. ii, p. 3 (1869) ; Of vers. K. V-A. Porh. j). 
500 (1862) ; id. p. 707 (1870) : Butler, Cist. Ent. i, p. 185 (1874). 

Stal (in Hem. Afric. iv, p. 16, 1866) makes P. ocellata, De Geer of 
Walker, (excl. syn.) and P. capensls, Am. & Serv,, one with P. hirti- 
pennis, Germar, and also Cicada pJumosa, Germar, a variety of the same 
species ; again (in Of vers. K. V.-A. Forh., p. 500, 1862) he unites Gicada 
ocellata, De Geer, Gicada varia, Olivier, from the Cape, and Platijpleura 
arciuita, Walker (Ins. Saund. p. 1), from Ceram, with P. ciliaris, Linn., 
but Butler (1. c.) keeps the last two separate. Olivier is the only one 
that gives India as the locality ; and I include the species in our Indian 
list as it is also recorded from Java and the Philippines, the fauna of 
which have a marked affinity with that of India. 

Thorax with a rim : tegmina pale with white patches : wings 
blackish ferruginous, with a yellowish band bent back towards the disc 
and sometimes triple : abdomen blackish with pale and ciliated rings 
(Olivier). Head and thorax green, spotted black : tegmina fuscous and 
variegated cinereous, with two whitish spots before the costa, which is 
virescent at the base : wings dull black with two small lines at the base, 
and a spot towards the margin, rufous; body cinereous {Fabr.). 



3. Plattpleura sphinx, Walker. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 213, no. 6. 

<J 9 . Body pale tawny, tinged with white, briefly whitish pilose : 
vertex with two brown bauds : rostrum tawny, tip brown reaching the 
hind coxiB : antennge dark tawny : mesonotum with four obconical dark 
brown marks, outer pair long, inner pair short and pointing to two dots of 
the same colour : legs pale tawny ; tips of the tibite darker ; claws pice- 
ous, tawny at the base ; first femora with tawny teeth which hardly rise 
above the surface; hind tibiae with tawny spines which are picoous 
at the tips : tegmina whitish, brownish tawny towards the base and hav- 
ing elsewhere some irregular pale brown marks which, here and tliere, 
include white spots ; veins yellow : wings brown, mostly yellowish white 
towards the base and having a large spot of the same colour in the disc, 
white at the tips with a white spot on the hind border which elsewhere 
is brown ; flaps yellowish- white, with broad brown borders. 



146 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on hidian Rhynchota. [No. 2, 

4, Plattpleura celebs, Stal. 

J. A. S. B. Hii, (2), p. 213, no. 7. 

$. Sericeous, above testaceous; beneath with feet greyisli : head 
above and wings sordid flavescent, middle of the vertex and apical lateral 
band, frons (basal spot excepted), two minute spots behind the middle 
of the thorax, two median basal spots on the scutellum, an oblong discoi- 
dal spot, and anothei' very large, oblong- obtriangular, lateral spot on both 
sides, extended from the base beyond the middle, also the dorsum of the 
abdomen, black : venter fuscous : tegmina clouded pale fuscous and 
greyish-sericeous from the base beyond the middle, vitreous towards the 
apex ; anastomoses and the apical and subapical spots on the longitudi- 
nal veins, fuscous : wings very slightly infuscate towards the apex, 
limbus sordid whitish, very slightly infuscate in the middle. Allied 
to P. suhrufa, Walker, in stature, breadth of apical limbus of the tegmina 
and wings, and the form of the thorax, but the frons is more obtuse, 
much less prominent and the coloration and marking very distinct. 
Vertex more than twice as broad as the transverse eye ; ocelli almost 
thrice as distant from each other as from the eyes : frons occupying a 
little more than one-third of the face : thorax gradually dilated from the 
base to a distance beyond the middle, thence rounded and abruptly nar- 
rowed : costa moderately dilated, subcostal vein and costa contiguous 
throughout their entire length : seventh apical area of the tegmina shor- 
ter than the eighth : apical limbus of tegmina and wings of equal breadth, 
that of the tegmina colourless : opercula somewhat longer than their 
greatest breadth, yellow-greyish, infuscate at the base (Stdl). 

5. Plattpleura andamana, Distant. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 214, no. 8. 

? . Tawny pubescent : face moderately convex, transversely furrow- 
ed, with a deep central longitudinal furrow ; luteous with two short 
black basal lines on each side of the vertex : a narrow black fascia, ex- 
tending from eye to eye immediately in front of the ocelli : eyes brilliant, 
castaneous, broadly pilose behind : pronotum deeply furrowed with fron- 
tal edge and two small foveae, placed close together near the middle of 
the hind border, piceous : mesonotum with two large obconical spots 
extending backwards from the fore border midway between which there 
is a discal dart-shaped mark and two dots wide apart near the hind 
border, black : there are also two other somewhat obscure black marks 
situate on the fore border on the outer sides of the large obconical spots : 
metathoracic cross with its fore borders piceous : abdomen above with the 
Begmental sutures black, clothed with a luteous pubescence j anal append- 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— i^ofes on Indian Rhynchotca, 147 

age piceous, castaneous. Underside with legs ochraceous : rostnim ex- 
tending to the second abdominal segment ; its tip, two spots on the sixth 
abdominal segment, knees, and tarsi piceous : tegmina dark brown with 
pale semi-opaque markings, especially on the apical half. Basal third 
thickly covered with pale pubescence and containing five dark-brown 
spots, of which the most prominent are two which are subcostal, situate 
beyond the middle of this space, and a third one below the basal of those 
two spots. Remainder of tegmina less pubescent with a number of whi- 
tish spots, of which the most prominent are a transverse row stretchiuo- 
across from near the costa to the inner border, immediately beyond the 
basal third pubescent space ; another more waved row beyond the mid- 
dle, confluent near the costa, where they are very visible below : a subapi- 
cal marginal row of five whitish oblong spots, arranged on the veins of 
which the apical ends are dull brown ; and an outer marginal row of six 
dark-brown spots, also arranged on the veins and of which the lowest is 
the largest ; a dull whitish fusiform spot on the inner angle which is very 
distinct on the underside : wings castaneous with a dark brown marginal 
border and some suffused dark-brown discal streaks extending across the 
wings (Distant). 

6. Plattpleura nicobarioa, Butler. 

J. A. S. B Hii, (2), p. 233. 

Allied to P. fulvigera, Walker, from the Philippines, but larger, with 
tegmina longer ; the whole of the spots crossing the coriaceous area, 
testaceous ; those crossing its apex, smaller : the blackish transverse 
spots considerably smaller : the wings longer, the subapical, transverse, 
fasciolte replaced by S-i decreasing longitudinal fulvous streaks : prono- 
tum considerably broader, its lateral angles more oblique and therefore 
more prominent (Butler). Body long, 21 : exp. teg. 77 millims. 

7. Plattpleura basialba. Walker. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 214, no. 10. 
S . Body yellow, whitish pubescent, whitish pulverulous beneath : 
band in front and behind on the frons, also a stripe of short bands on 
each side, slender bands on the gense, bands on the antenn;© and their 
tips, seven small marks on the pronotum, three stripes on the mesono- 
tum of which the side pair are oblique and the middle one straight, 
widened on each side by the fore border, and a small spot on each 
side near the hind border, black : eyes and antennae tawny; ocelli red : 
abdomen black ; drums, tip and hind borders of the segments yellow : 
legs yellow, briefly whitish pubescent ; tips of claws black : hind tibiae 



148 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 2, 

with tawny spines ; first femora with two small teeth beneath : tegmi- 
na colourless, white at the base above, brown at the base beneath ; from 
this brown hue a short tawny stripe proceeds along the hind border and 
communicates with an oblique brown baud which crosses the tegmen 
near its base : wings colourless, dark brown with a whitish outline for 
near half the sui-face from the base which is tawny ; flaps dark brown ; 
veins tawny ; piceous at the tips of the tegmina. 

8. Plattpleuea octoguttata, Fabricius. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 216, no. 13. 

Head pallid with two dull-black parallel bands, three ocelli in 
the middle of the upper dilated band, two dots and a pale spot iu the 
middle of the lower : thorax anteriorly rufous, a broad pallid band in the 
middle, posteriorly dull black with a great trifurcate spot, testaceous : 
abdomen black : tegmina at the base black ; at the middle with four, large 
white spots 3-1 ; at the apex, hyaline : wings short, black, posterior 
margin, white (Fabr.). 

d, ?. Testaceous-flavescent, whitish sericeous: disc of thorax, 
testaceous : two bands on the head and spots on the scutellum, black : 
anterior band on the head in front spotted yellow : tegmina vitreous, 
scarcely basal half fuscous ; spot near the apex of the radial area and 
anterior band, whitish, opaque ; anastomoses margined fuscous ; small 
spots (sometimes wanting) arranged in two subapical rows, fuscous : 
wings black-fuscous, veins sanguineous towards the base ; broad vein- 
less limbus colourless, vitreous ; head very bi'oad (Stdl). 

9. Platyplbura subrufa, Walker. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 216, no. 14. 
9 . Body tawny : two stripes on the head of which the fore one 
forms a circlet on the face, a row of bands on each side of the face, tip 
of rostrum, the antennge, two marks on each side of the scutellum, black : 
rostrum tawny reaching the hind coxae : posterior lobe of the pronotum 
pale tawny, piceous ; mesonotum with four black marks, side pair large 
and obconical, inner pair smaller and nearly round, a black dot behind 
each of the latter : posterior margins of the abdominal segments and 
the tip mostly black : legs tawny, claws paler with black tips ; 
teo-mina colourless with a broad white baud one-tliird of the length from 
the base ; the colourless part includes a brown band, its cross-veins 
are clouded with brown and there are two imperfect rows of brown 
dots on the tips of the longitudinal veins of the marginal areolets : 



1886.] E. T. Atldnson— A"^ofes on Indian Rlayncliota. 149 

wings brown, tawny at the base with a broad, interrui^ted white baud 
and a white spot at the tips ; veins dark tawny, flaps brown. 
Si^ecimen from I^agar (Sind). 

10. Plattplkura bufo, Walker. 
J A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 216, no. 15. 

(? . Body tawny : two irregular bands on the head of which the 
hinder one passes over the region of the ocelli, tip of rostrum, the 
antenna, and median mark on pronotum, black : rostrum tawny reaching 
the posterior margin of the drums : posterior lobe of pronotum pale 
tawny, ferruginous : mesonotum and abdomen ferruginous, the latter 
tawny at the tip and beneath : legs tawny, tips of claws, black ; first 
femora armed with two very short and blunt tawny teeth : wings very 
slightly tinged tawny, but tawny towards the base and briglit tawny 
along the costal margin ; veins tawny, darker towards the tips j transverse 
veins darker. 

11. Plattpleura cervina, Walker. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), 13. 217, no. 16. 

? . Body and rostrum pale buff ; tip of the latter black, reaching 
the hind coxae : antennas piceous, buff at the base : legs pale buff ; claws 
black, tawny towards the base ; first femora with small teeth ; hind 
tibifB with buff spines having black tips : tegmina and wings whitish, 
veins yellow, the former buff along the costal margin ; transverse veins 
clouded brown and a row of brown dots on the tips of the longitudinal 
veins of the apical areas. 

12. Plattpleura hilpa. Walker. 

Platypleura hilpa, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 6 (1850) ; Butler, Cist. Eut. i, 
p. 185 (1874). 

Paecilopsaltria hilpa, Stal, Berlin Ent. Zeitsclir. x, p. 1G8 (18G6). 
Platypleura fenestrata, Uhler, Proc. Acad. N. S. Pliil., p. 282 (1861). 

Body in ^ , tawny and in ? , dark tawny : a broad irregular band 
across the vertex, bands on the face, the rostrum, the antenna?, sides of 
the posterior lobe of the pronotum, four broad obconical stripes on the 
mesonotum of which the inner pair are not more than half the length of 
the outer pair and between these latter a conical stripe and beliiud them 
five spots of which two on each side of the middle one which is angular 
and joins the conical stripe above mentioned, parts of the pectus and the 
abdomen, black : abdomen at the tip beneath and opercula and drums in 
the S , tawny ; the opercula rather large : legs very dark tawny, claws 
black towards the tips, first femora not spinose : tegmina and wings in d 



150 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 2, 

paler than in ? , the former nearly colourless, dark tawny towards the 
base with four broad irregular brown bands and along the hind border 
two connected rows of brown spots : wings dull tawny with two brown 
bands, the inner one broader than the other but not extending more 
than half across the wing ; flaps tawny (Wallc.) Long, 21 ; teg., 67 
raillims. Repoi"ted from China. 

13. Plattpleura hyalinolimbata, Signoret. 
Platypleura hyaUnoUmhata, Sign., Bull. S. E. F. (6 ser.), i, p. xlii (1881). 

Close to P. repanda, Linn., from which it diifers in having the wings 
entirely of a velvety blackish brown, bordered by a broad hyaline limbus, 
veins of a distinct yellow : tegmina with the flattened marginal space 
between the side and the veins broader than in P. re^mnda ; the expansian 
of the pronotum is concave and sinuated below, whilst in P. nj^anda it is 
convex (Sign.). 

Reported from China. 

14. Plattpleura repanda, Linnseus. 

Cicada re^^a?! da, Linn., Syst. Nat. i (2) p. 707 (17G6) : Mns. Lnd. Ulr. p. 15» 
(1764) : Gmelin ed. Syst. Nat. i (3) p. 2097 (1782) : De Ge'er, Mem. iii, p. 209, t. 33, f. 
X (1773) : Olivier, Enc. Meth., V, p. 754 (1790) : Germar, Tlion's Arch, ii, fasc. 2, p. 
220 (1830); Silb., Eev. Enfc. ii, p. 78 (1834) : Guerin in Tigny Hist. Ins. vi, p. 189 
(1830). 

Tettigonia repanda, Fabricius, Spec. Ins. ii, p. 821 (1781); Mant. Ins. ii, p. 267 
(1787) ; Ent. Syst. iv, p. 23 (1798); Sj-st. Rhyng. p. 41 (1803). 

Fidicina ? repanda, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 90 (1851). 

Platy pleura ? repanda, Walker, 1. c. Snppt. p. 13 (1858). 

Tawny or yellowish brown ; a black line and several small black 
patches on the thorax : oj)ercula very large : abdomen black above : 
tecrmina and wings tawny, transparent along the posterior margin near 
which is a series of transparent oval patches ; tegmina have a like patch 
on the exterior border and a waved transverse line, brown in the middle. 
Body long, 27 millims. 

Reported from India. 

Genus Tacua, Amyot & Serville. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 217. 

Head broad, as broad as the thorax, triangular, with a longitudinal- 
groove in the middle of the frons : eyes stout, prominulous : entire 
lateral margins of thorax somewhat flattened out, anterior angles 
rounded, tegmina and wings entirely opaque : abdomen stout, tumid j 
opercula in $ very large, reaching at least the middle of the abdomen 
iA. ^- 8.). 



1886.] E. T. AiMnson—Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 151 

15. Tacua speciosa, lUiger. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 217, no. 17. 

Black : pronotum witli a narrow border anteriorly and a broad pos- 
terior band yellow with a greenisli tinge, posterior margin of mesonotal 
cruciform elevation and two spots confluent with the margin orange- 
yellow : abdomen black, 5-7 segments yellow above with a greenish tinge 
and with a rounded black spot on the fifth segment : tegmina black 
or brownish olive with a dark green tinge, veins sanguineous ; wings 
black with a broad sordid whitish limbus : feet black. 

Genus TosENA, Amyot & Serville. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 217. 

Head broad, triangular ; frona very tiimid without a longitudinal 
groove in the middle : eyes stout, promiiiulous : lateral margins of 
thorax very narrowly somewhat dilated, forming a tooth before the 
middle : the tegmina and wings entirely opaque with a weak, elevated, 
transverse line in the middle of each tegmen : abdomen stout, inflated > 
oj)ercula as in Tacua {A. Sf 8.). 

16. TosENA melanoptera, White. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 217, no. 18. 

In size and colour resembles T. fasciata, Fabr. (reported from Java) 
but in the latter, the veins of both tegmina and wings are of a very clear 
ferruginous colour, the band is obscure yellow, there is a ferruginous line 
(sometimes interrupted) on the front of the clypeus, the anterior margin 
of the pronotum has four small ferruginous spots and the tips of the 
femora are yellow. In T. melanoptera, White, the veins of the tegmina 
and wings are nearly enth-ely black, the band on the tegmina is winter 
and generally broader than in T. fasciata, the clypeus is entirely black, 
there are no spots on the anterior margin of the pronotum, the yellow 
marks above the antenna are smaller and the legs are of an uniform 
black (White). 

17. Tosena mearesiana, Westwood. 

J, A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 217, no. 19. 

Black- posterior margin of pronotum, yellow: mesonotum posteriorly 
on both sides with an oblong, ferruginous spot: metanotum margined 
fulvous: tegmina black fuscous, veins black: wings broad y testaceous : 
anal area and slender apical margin, fuscous ; veins black OVcslwood). 
20 



152 E. T. Atkinson— Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. "i, 

18. TosENA ALBATA, Distant. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2J, p. 217, no. 20. 

General colour and markings of T. melanoptera, White, but tegmina 
witli five longitudinal wliitisli fascire situate between the veins commenc- 
ino" near the base, two of which amalgamate with the broad median 
transverse band, and a subapical row of five irregular longitudinal 
fascia3 of the same colour, the first of which is placed at about one-third 
the length of the outer border from the apical point of the tegmina, and 
the last is fused into the median band near the inner margin. "Wings as in 
T. melatwptera, but with a submarginal row of nine whitish fasciaa 
commencing near the costa, of which the seventh and ninth are largest, 
the last very much so ; two-thirds of the outer border narrowly edged 
with the same colour (Distant). 

19. TosENA SPLENDIDA, Distant. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 217, no. 21. 

(^ Body black : face with the lateral borders dull reddish, with a 
well-pronounced, central, longitudinal impression ; transversely costate, 
with the interstices wide and irregularly punctate : eyes prominent, 
luteous and fringed behind with long hairs, pronotura deeply furrowed, 
much as in T. melanoptera, White, with four large luteous spots ; two on 
the disc, sub-oval, converging from immediately behind the eyes towards 
each other, through two-thirds of the width of the pronotum, their bases 
widened and separated by a space of about two millimetres ; the other 
two somewhat larger and much more irregular, occupying the posterior 
lateral angles; mesonotum very sparingly pilose (except near the lateral 
borders, where the hairs are much longer and more regularly abundant) 
and with two subcordate luteous spots on the disc, parallel with the 
pronotal central spots, and, like them, converging towards each other at 
base : metanotum with two small luteous spots at the base, very in- 
distinct in ^ , but clearly exhibited in $ : abdomen above pilose : 
rostrum black, with a small luteous spot near the base, in length just 
reaching the posterior coxjb. Body beneath and legs pilose'; femora with 
a wide central, rufous band, fore-femoral spines apparently well develop- 
ed: drums of the usual generic size, but situated close together, and 
divided by a very slight emargination behind : abdomen with a longitu- 
dinal discal row of sub-triangular reddish markings, the bases of which 
are situate on the posterior borders of abdominal segment. Tegmina 
and wings, where not obscured by darker markings, transparent, 
exhibiting varied opaline lustre, which in some lights is found to be 
varied with a close and regular seriea of transverse darker striae : 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— Fofe.s on Lnluin Rliyncliota. 153 

tegmina at base narrowly dark fuscous : costal area fuscous for rather 
more than half its length, veins and veinlets bright luteous, and for 
two-thirds the length of the tegmina, bordered on each side Avith fus- 
cous : the apical border is also fuscous, very broadly so at the apex, and 
narrowing towards the inner margin, containing a sub-marginal row of 
pale luteous spots, which are the outer terminations of an equal number 
of narrow transverse linear, pale luteous stride : claval area greenish : 
wings pale greenish for nearly two-thirds their area from the base, re- 
maining portion shining fuscous, enclosing a sub-marginal row of pale 
opaline spots, of which the largest is sub-costal and irregular in shape, 
being somewhat sub- quadrate, hollowed out externally, and produced at 
the base towards the outer edge : veins and veinlets pale luteous, in 
some places tinged with green. 

? . Differs principally from the $ in having all the colour mark- 
ings intensified, the tegminal row of sub-marginal spots, which are 
luteous in the (J being pale opaline in the ? : the abdomen is more 
thickly clothed with pilosity and the rostrum is somewhat shorter in 
length than in the d . (Distant) . 

<? . Differs from the others in its paler coloration and more trans- 
parent appearance but the last peculiarity is shadowed in T. alhata, Dist. 
whilst the pronotal and mesonotal spots which ally it to Gceana may bo 
seen indicated on the pronotum of T. melanojytera, White in which the 
two discal spots are jointly recognizable whilst the broad pronotal lute- 
ous band of that species appears only as two angular spots in T. 
sjjlendida. 

Genus Huechts, Amyot & Serville. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 218. 

Body slender : head small, triangular, as broad as the pronotum ; 
frons angular, slightly compressed on each side, furnished with a distinct 
abbreviated longitudinal groove : eyes stout, slightly prominulous : the 
lateral margins of the thorax not dilated unless anteriorly and not 
dentated: tegmina entirely opaque, ulnar veins distant at the base : 
abdomen elongate (A. 8f 8., Stdl). 

20. HuECHYS philj:mata, Fabricius. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 218, no. 22. 

Black : frons, scutellum on both sides and the abdomen, sanguine- 
ous • wino-s fuscous-diaphanous. Differs from //. sangmnolcnta, Fabr. 
(same as H. sanguinea, De G6er) in its larger size, and in having the red 
frons immaculate ; scutellum red ; and dorsal streak, black : tegmma dull 



154 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. [No. 2, 

black not piceoiis and the wings smoky- diaphanous (Fahr.) Head 
thorax and feet, black ; entire frons, two large patches on the mesonotum 
and the abdomen, red : tegmina black, tip sordid white : wings smoky 
(A. 8f S.) 

21. HuECHYS SANGUiNEA, De Geer. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 218, no. 23. 

Head, thorax, pectus and feet, black, shining : frons, rounded, red : 
entire abdomen red : thorax with two large patches in the shape of 
elevated plates, red, of the colour of sealing-wax : eyes and oviduct in 
the S , brown : tegmina, elongate, somewhat broad, of a very obscure 
brown approaching black ; longitudinal veins black, distinct : wings 
transparent of a brownish tint, veins black : ocelli three, pale red : 
antennas short, setiform, situate on a much stouter cylindrical part : 
teo-mina longer tlsan the abdomen, wings a little shorter (Be Geer). 

Head black : frons rufous, a longitudinal line and the rostrum? 
black : thorax glabrous, black ; a rounded spot on both sides, red : 
abdomen red : tegmina and wings obscurely fuscous immaculate : feet 
black (H. sanguinolenta, Fabr.). Black, frons sanguineous, anteriorly 
black : two spots on the mesonotum and the abdomen : tegmina and 
wings, white ; veins black (H. incarnata, Germar) . This species is re- 
ported from India and Germar remai"ks that it may be a variety of 
C sanguinolenta, Fabr. from which, however, it diifers in the white, 
black veined, tegmina, having the apical veins nai'rowly cinctured fus- 
cous, and the white, black- veined wings bi'oadly margined fuscous. 
H. Germari, Gvieriu, is probably also only a vai'iety of this (Mag. Zool. 
p. 78 ; t. 237, f. 2, 1839) : — Black, frons sanguineous, anteriorly black : 
two spots in the mesonotum and the abdomen, red : tegmina white, 
veined black, apical veins narrowly cinctured fuscous : wings black- 
fuscous, posterior lobe sub hyaline (Guerin). Reported from Java. 

22. HuECHTS STELLATA, Walker. 

Euechys stellata, Walker, Ins. Sannd. Horn. p. 27 (1858). 

Black : head with two testaceous spots between the eyes : mesono- 
tum with six testacous spots, four in the middle and two behind : teg- 
mina with two broad, irregular, fawn-coloured bands which are connec- 
ted on the costa, a middle interrupted white band consisting of three 
large spots which are partly enclosed by the second broad band ; ten 
exterior white dots on as many areolets : wings with five white dots 
(WalJcer). Body long, 31-2 : teg. 92 millims. 
Reported from India. 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— iS;^o^es on Indian Rliynchota, 155 

23. HuECHTS PiCTA, Walker. 
Huechys picta, Walker, Ins. Saund. Horn. p. 28 (1858). 

S , ? Black : head with two testaceous bands : pronotum' with a 
testaceous band on the hind border which is broad in the ? and extends 
in the middle to the fore border : mesonoturn with a testaceous border 
and with two testaceous strijies which are broader in the 2 : abdomen 
red with a black dorsal stripe : tegmina blackish, with a testaceous discal 
sjDot near the base, an interrupted testaceous band and two exterior sub- 
costal dots : in the ? the discal spot is almost obsolete and there is only 
one dot: wings crimson, with black boi^dera (TFaZ/ce?-). Body louo*, 
19—21 ; teg. 50—52 millims. 

Reported from Assam, Java. 

Genus SciEEOPTERA, Stal. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 220. 

Head scarcely narrower than the base of the thorax ; f rons slightly 
tumid occupying a little more than one-third of the breadth of the face, 
without a longitudinal furrow ; vertex more than twice broader than the 
eyes : the ocelli as far from the eyes as from each other or a little far- 
ther : rostrum not extended behind the intermediate coxae : first femora 
stout, spinose beneath ; first tibi^ somewhat equal in length to the 
femora : six apical areas, ulnar veins contiguous at the base or united 
for a short space (Stal). 

24i. SciEROPTERA CROCEA, Guerin, 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 220, no. 29. 

Yellow : head obscure brunneous ; spots red : thorax yellow ; pro- 
and meso-notum each with two very large reddish-brown spots : abdo- 
men croceous, more obsolete beneath ; feet yellow ; tibice and tarsi, 
black : tegmina and wings hyaline, veins yellow, anterior veins with the 
membrane close to the veins, pale yellow (Guerin) . 

25. SciEROPTEEA SPLENDiDULA, Fabricius. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 220, no. 30. 
Small : head black ; eyes pale : thorax pale, with two large rounded 
black spots : scutellum black, margin pale : abdomen red : tegmina fus- 
cous with a very vivid golden reflection : first femora black, tibiae very 
stout, dentated, red : last pair of feet black, femora red (Fabr.). 



156 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynclaota. [No. 2, 

Genus Geaptotettix, Stal, 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 221. 

Vertex twice as broad as the eyes ; frons tumid, prominulous, some- 
■wliat compressed ; ocelli as far from each other as from the eyes : 
thorax narrowed forwards, at the apex a little broader than the head ; 
rostrum extended scarcely beyond the intermediate coxte : first femora 
spinose beneath ; first tibite longer than the femora : tegmina with ten 
apical cells, ulnar veins distant at the base {Stdl). 

Genus GiEANA, Amyot & Serville. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 221. 

Body elongate : head triangular, narrower than the base of the 
thorax ; frons tumid, prominulous, rounded, not compressed at the sides, 
nor grooved : pronotum not dilated : tegmina and wings entirely opaque, 
the former furnished with eight apical areas, the ulnar veins distant at 
the base (A. & S., Stal). 

26. G3;ana SIBYLLA, stal. 
Oceana sibylla, Stal, Trans. Ent. Soc. (3 ser.) i. p. 576(1863). 
S Black : tegmina somewhat olivaceous yellow from the base 
scarcely to the middle : wings beyond the middle, lutescent. Stature of 
G. maculata, Fabr. : frons very tumid : thorax anteriorly somewhat nar- 
rower than the head, sides parallel from the apex to the middle, thence 
abruptly amplified : the costa of the tegmina and the subcostal vein 
rather distant from each other throughout their entire length, ulnar 
veins rather distant at the base ; apical areas very long, the first, fourth 
and sixth of equal length : opercula somewhat triangular, rounded at 
the apex (Stdl). Long 42 ; exp. teg., 112 millims. 
Reported from Tringany. 

27. Ga:AXA octoxotata, Westwood. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 221, No. 33. 

Black : frontal and posterior band on the head and a posterior band 
on the pronotum and the mesonotum yellowish, the last with two irre- 
gular yellowish lines : abdomen sanguineous, basal segments spotted 
above with black in the middle : tegmina fuscous-blackish, each with 
four whitish spots and very fine red veins : wings sanguineous with 
black lines (Westiv.). 



1886.] E. T. Aikinaon— Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 157 

28. GiEANA FESTIVA, Fabricius. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 222, no. 36. 

Antennas testaceous : head dull black, a spot on both sides in the 
ocular area, ferruginous : thorax dull black, anterior margin and broader 
posterior margin of the anterior lobe yellow and the posterior lobe stria- 
ted yellow : abdomen dull black, immaculate : tegmina fulvous, veins 
whitish, a median band and the apex on both sides emitting a tooth like 
mark, dull black : wings white, dull black at the apex, with a large white 
spot : feet dull black (Fair.). 

29. G^AXA SULPHUEEA, Hope. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 223, no. 38. 

Black : head and thorax spotted sulphureous : basal half of wings 
sulphureous (tegmina divided by an oblique blackish band), apices 
yellowish-fuscous, veins in the obscure parts black {Hope). The teg- 
mina are broadly wrinkled and the drum covers in the $ ai-e small, 
leaving the striated internal membrane broadly exposed. 

The following scheme attempts to provide a rough differentiation 
of some of the genera of clear- winged Cicadce found in India based on 
Stal's analysis : — 

A. Anterior margin of posterior part of the first dorsal segment of 
the abdomen in <? emitting a foliaceous lobe which covers the whole or 
part of the tympana or is dilated forwards more or less towards the sides. 
Body oblong or somewhat elongate : first femora spinose or acutely 
dentate beneath : frons usually more or less convex. 

B. (1) Thorax narrowed forwards, lateral margins very often armed 
with a small tooth before the middle : (2) basal cell of tegmina more 
than twice longer than broad : (3) interior ulnar area not or but very 
slightly amplified towards the apex : (4) the ulnar veins very close at the 
base or contiguous. 

I. DuNDUBiA group. A and B above. 

1. Leptopsaltria : gen^ internally near the apex at the base of the 
lores furnished with a tubercle or tumescence : rostrum reaching a little 
behind the last pair of coxee : interior ulnar area of the tegmina not or only 
very slightly narrowed towards the apex : first paii' of tibiae longer than 
the femora : tympana above covei-ed by a very large lobe : opercula short : 
second and third ventral segments in S with a lateral tubercle. The 
head is narrower than the thorax and the frons is moderately convex. 

2. Bunduhia: geu£e without a tubercle : rostrum not or scarcely 
reaching the base of the last pair of coxse : the opercula arc long and 



158 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 2, 

extended beyond tlie middle of tlie venter. The frons is large, very 
convex and near tlie base is almost twice as broad as the anterior margin 
of the lobes of the vertex. 

3. Cosmopsaltria : genas without a tubercle : rostrum extending be- 
yond the base at least and very often beyond the apex of the last pair of 
coxte : the opercula are long and extended behind the middle of the 
venter. The frons near the base is not or only somewhat broader than 
the apical margin of the lobes of the vertex. 

4. Pom]Jonia : genae without a tubercle : rostrum and frons as in 
Cosmopsaltria : opercula short, somewhat transverse. 

II. Cicada group. A as above. 

B. (1) The lateral margins of the thorax always without a distinct 
tooth: (2) basal cell of tegmina rarely {Cicadatra) twice longer than 
broad, very often broad : (3) the interior ulnar area gradually distinctly 
amplified towards the apex, seldom (Emathia) equally broad towards 
apex and base : (4) the ulnar veins distinctly (often very) distant at the 
base. 

1. Cnjptotymfana : first apical area extended more forwards than 
the second : the transverse vein closing the base of the second apical 
area, very oblique : the space lying between the postcostal marginal vein 
and the postcostal ulnar ramus linear and not broader towards the 
apex : the basal cell of the tegmina somewhat (but rarely twice) 
longer than broad : tympana entirely hidden : metasternum elevated in 
the middle and famished with a posterior process turning backwards. 

2. Cicada : as in Gryptotymjyana, but the metasternum is not or is 
only a little elevated in the middle and there is no posterior process. 
The clypeus is truncated at the apex or somewhat sinuately truncated. 

3. Cicadatra : as in Cicada, but the basal cell of the tegmina is 
twice longer than broad and the tympana are partly visible. The cly- 
peus too is somewhat acuminated or a little rounded at the apex. 

4. Emathia : the fii'st and second apical areas are extended to an 
equal distance forwards, the second is, however, longer than the first, the 
interior basal angle of the first area and the exterior basal angle of the 
second area are both obtuse : the interior ulnar area is not amplified 
towards the apex of the tegmina and is equally broad at base and apex : 
the thorax anteriorly is scarcely narrower than the head and is amplified at 
the base : the tympana are for a great part visible : opercula short : rostrum 
scarcely reaching the last pair of coxae : first pair of femora spinose. 

III. TiBiCEN group. 

Tympana entirely visible ; the anterior margin of the sides of the 
posterior part of the first dorsal segment of the abdomen is not jJroduced 
and does not send out forwards a lobe. 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— iS^o/es on Indian Rhyncliota. 159 

1. Tihicen : ulnar veins distant towards the base, diverging from 
the base : first apical area of the tegmina produced further forwards 
than the second : costa and i-adial vein contiguous towards the apex ; 
veiuless limbus of tegmina and wings moderate. 

2. Melampsalta ; ulnar veins contiguous at the base itself or 
united towards the base : eight apical areas : first and second apical 
areas of the tegmina equally long and equally extended forwards : space 
between the postcostal marginal vein and postcostal ulnar ramus, linear. 

30. DUNDUBIA MANNIFERA, Linn. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), 23. 223, no. 39 : liv, (2), p. 116. D. nigrimacida, Walker (List 
Horn. B. M. i, p. 63) reported from Java and D. sohria, Walker (1. c. p. 63) reported 
from Hongkong are local forms of this species. 

Pale subolivaceous-virescent or flaveseent : frons very tumid : the 
dorsum of the abdomen marked by fuscous lateral spots : opercula in ^ 
elongate, contracted near the base, very broad behind the middle, round- 
ed at the apex (Stdl). Body large, testaceous, immaculate : tegmina 
obscurely whitish^ immaculate, costa black : opercula elongate, almost 
as long as the body, arched, testaceous, armed at the base with a robust, 
acute, incumbent spine {Fabr.). Head, eyes, and part of thorax, also the 
abdomen, of a light brown above ; the rest of the body greenish : tegmina 
and wings transparent, greenish, spotless : opercula very large, almost 
as long as the abdomen {Olivier). 

31. DuNDUBiA MicRODON, Walker. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 224, no. 40. 
$ Body black : head with a tawny and green stripe in front and 
with an irregular green circlet on each side of the ocelli : face above 
with a short yellow stripe and with yellow bauds in front : rostrum 
tawny, tip black, reaching the hind coxa? : antennae black : pronotum 
green, with four slightly waved black stripes, outer pair very short, 
furrows black ; posterior lobe green widened and slightly ang-ular on each 
side in fi-ont of which is a very small tooth: mesonotum with four 
green stripes, the outer pair much longer than the inner pair, a green dot 
near each side which like the hind border is green : pectus tawny : abdomen 
black, brown beneath, posterior margins of the segments green : [drums 
black; opercula dull green, blackish towards the tips, tapering, very 
long, not far apart, more than half the length of the abdomen ?] : legs 
tawny ; femora striated black : fore-tibi^, feet, and the tips of the other 
tibise, black ; fore-femora with three black teeth of which two are long 
and one very small ; a tawny band on the intermediate feet : wings 
21 



160 E. T. Atkinson— iV^ofes on Lidian Rhynchota. [No. 2, 

colourless, green at the base ; the first and second transverse veins cloud- 
ed brown ; a row of pale brown spots on the tips of the longitudinal 
veins of the apical areas ; veins black ; flaps with an opaline lustre. 

32. DuNDUBiA viBRANS, Walker. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 224 : liv, (2), p. 116. 

S Body pale tawny, rather long : head a little narrower than the pro- 
notum, with an irregular and interrupted black band ; face with black 
bands on each side ; rostrum tawny, tip black reaching the hind coxae : 
eyes prominulous : antennte black : pronotum broadest near the base of 
th.e tegmen, with four crooked black streaks, the outer pair short, the 
sutures also blackish, posterior lobe widened with two large black spots 
above the base of each tegmen, slightly notched and with a moderate 
sized tooth on each side : mesonotum with five black stripes, a slight 
black streak in front between the two side pairs which are slightly oblique, 
the inner pair much shorter than the outer pair which are almost inter- 
rupted : abdomen nearly linear, rather long, with a short black stripe at 
the base and on each side of the tip, disc of the segments, piceous : drums 
tawny, close ; opercula, bright tawny, bordered with, black, about 
half the length of the abdomen, narrow towards the base, widened to- 
wards the tijis : legs pale tawny, clothed with paler hairs : tips of the 
tibia3 and of the feet, piceous ; tips of the claws, black ; fore femora 
with three teeth, two large and one small ; posterior tibise with, black 
spines : tegmina and wings colourless, pale tawny at the base ; the teg- 
mina sligbtly clouded with brown at the tips, the first and second trans- 
verse veins clouded with, brown, an almost imperceptible brown streak 
on each apical area ; veins partly black, partly tawny, the latter colour 
prevailing most towards the base ; flaps pale tawny at the base. 

33. DuNDUBiA NicoMACHE, Walker. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 224, no. 44. 

S Body black, nearly linear, tawny beneath : head with two zigzag 
m.arks behind the ocelli, a long angular stripe on each, side between the 
eyes, a short stripe on the face, and on each side bands along the whole 
length, rostrum (tip excepted) , lateral stripe, and four large oblique spots 
on anterior lobe of pronotum, the posterior lobe, and 3-4 irregular streaks 
on the mesonotum which vary in length and breadth, tawny : tip of rostrum 
which reaches beyond the hind coxte, antennse, sickle-shaped spots on 
the tawny spots of the anterior lobe of the pronotum, and three large 
Spots near the base of each tegmen, and the abdomen, piceous : 
drums tawny, close ; opercula tawny obconical, very large, a little apart, 



188G.] E. T. Atkinson—Nofes on Indian Rhynchota. 161 

more than two-thirds the length of the abdomen : posterior margins of 
the abdominal segments and the underside, tawny, tip piceons : legs 
tawny ; feet ferruginous, claws black, ferruginous towards the base 
first femora with three tawny teeth, one very small : tegmina colourless, 
long, narrow, costal margin tawny ; veins tawny with two black bands' 
across the disc beneath the stigma, black towards the tips, marked with 
black at the base ; fore-flaps and hind flaps at the base and for a space 
along the hind border, pale tawny with a brownish tinge. 

34. DuNDUBiA TiGRiNA, Walker. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 224, no. 45. 

3 Body tawny, nearly linear, pale sericeous : head with a slio-ht 
ferruginous tinge above : vertex with four black stripes, the middle pair 
contiguous, partly united between the ocelli, side pair nearly round on 
proceeding from the base of the antennae, thence narrower and slightly 
curved : a black band on each side of the face ; rostrum tawny, tip black 
extending a little behind the hind coxas : antennte black : four black 
stripes on the anterior lobe of the pronotum of Avhich the median pair 
slightly converge from the fore to the hind border, the outer pair are 
more oblique, posterior lobe very narrow in the middle with a black 
spot : mesonotum with five slender black stripes, the median entire, 
inner pair much and outer pair slightly interrupted : abdomen ferru- 
ginous above ; posterior margins of the segments, piceous ; beneath 
tawny, piceous at the base and tip : drums tawny, close ; opercula 
black, small, far apai-t, outer margin tawny : legs tawny ; femora striped 
black ; tips of the tibiae, piceous ; claws black, ferruginous at the base ; 
fore and middle feet black, last pair ferruginous, first femora with three 
black teeth, one small : tegmina colourless, long, narrow ; costal margin 
bright ferruginous as far as the stigma, thence to the tip, piceous ; veins 
black, ferruginous towards the base, the first and second transverse 
veins clouded brown, a row of brown sjoots along the tips of the veins 
of the apical areas, all indistinct except first and second ; fore flaps 
grey, hind flaps grey at the base and for a distance along the hind 
border. 

35. DtJNDUBiA (?) MACDLiPES, Walker, 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 224, no. 46. 

3 Body tawny, whitish pubescent : two interrupted black bands 

across the vertex ; furrows on face, black : rostrum pale tawny, tip black, 

reaching far beyond the hind coxiB : two black stripes on the anterior 

lobe of the pronotum, its sides and the furrows also blackish : mesonotum 



162 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on hidian Rliyncliota. [No. 2, 

with two U-shaped marlis and behind each a dot and on each side an 
oblique stripe, all black : abdomen with four rows of black spots, two 
in the middle and one on each side ; posterior margins of the segments 
and the tip, partly black : drums small, blackish, tymbals white j 
opercula large, pale tawny, slightly overlapping, rather less than half the 
length of the abdomen : legs pale tawny, with a piceous band near the 
tip of each femur and tibia, the latter has a similar band near the base : 
feet tawny, piceous at the base, black towards the tips ; femoi-a streaked 
with black and with one black and one tawny tooth : tegmina colourless, 
pale tawny and marked black at the base, costal margin green ; veins 
green, black towards the tip ; transverse veins black, strongly marked 
and 1-4 clouded brown ; a row of small brown spots near the tips of 
the longitudinal veins of the apical areas : hind flaps pale brownish, 
tawny towards the base and for a distance along the hind border. 

36. DuNDUBiA (?) SAMiA, Walker. 

J. A. S, B. liii, (2), p. 225, no. 47. 

S Body green, tinged here and there with tawny : ocellar area 
piceous and a piceous streak on each side along the eye : rostrum tawjiy, 
tip black, reaching beyond the hind coxse : antenna tawny : a pale streak 
slightly widened in front and behind on the anterior lobe of the prono- 
tum and a piceous spot on each side : mesonotum ferruginous with some 
green marks, of which there is a large angular spot in the middle, on 
each side a forked mark, behind which there is a curved mark, and nearer 
each side, a slight streak : abdomen tawny, darker at the tip, paler be- 
neath : drums tawny, small ; opercula pale-green, small, far apart : legs 
tawny ; tips of the claws, black ; femora with three teeth, one very 
small : tegmina colourless, costal margin green, tawny beyond the stig- 
ma ; veins green, with a few black bands, tawny towards the tips ; trans- 
verse veins clouded pale brown ; a row of pale brown spots near the tips 
of the longitudinal veins of the apical areas : fore-flaps and the hind flaps 
between the middle-veins and the fore-border, brown. 

37. DuNDUBiA (?) siNGULAEis, Walker. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 225, no. 48. 

$ Testaceous, slender, partly green, very pale beneath : interocellar 
space and a dot on each side of the head in front and two dots near the 
border of the pronotum, black : mesonotum with an oblique green stripe 
on each side : abdomen with four rows of triangular, brown, spots : oper- 
cula small : tegmina and wings vitreous, with testaceous streaks between 
the apical anastomoses and the border, veins green or testaceous : teg- 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— iVoi^es on Indian Rliynchota. 1G3 

mina narrow with the transverse veins and the forks of the longitudinal 
veins, clouded testaceous ; a testaceous spot at the tip of each marginal 
vein communicating with a slight testaceous streak on each apical area 
a testaceous dot on the hind side of the third ulnar area with distinct in- 
dications of two transverse veins one joining the fifth anastomosis and 
the other ending on the front areola near the base of the second ulnar 
area ; a few minute testaceous dots on some of the marginal and discoidal 
veins. 

38. DuNDUBiA OCHRACEA, Walker. 

Fidicma ochracea, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 99 (1850). 

Cicada ferrifera, Walker, 1. c. p. 115 (1850). 

Dunduhia fasciceps, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forli. p. 242 (1854) ; p. 481 (1862), 

S Sordid yellow ; intraocular apical band on the head, blackish : 
tegmina more than half long-er than the abdomen, whitish-hyaline, 
veins flavescent : below with feet yellowish-white : opercula one-half 
shoi'ter than the abdomen, subparallel, rounded at the apex {Stdl). 
Body long", 26 millims. 

Reported from China : the Indian Museum possesses a specimen. 

39. DuxDUBiA RADHA, Distant. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 225, no. 49. 

dT Body above pale castaneous : head with the area of the ocelli 
black ; pronotum with the lateral and posterior margins and a very 
narrow anterior margin, ochraceous, the last is inwardly margined by 
two small, ti'ansverse, linear, black spots and the posterior margin has 
also a very narrow discal inner border of the same colour : mesonotum 
with a large median, obconical spot on the anterior margin, with a very 
indistinct median line and with the lateral margins black, outwardly 
marked vdth ochraceous ; five indistinct basal spots, three within the 
anterior angle of the cruciform elevation and one on each side of the 
same : abdomen rather darker in colour with the segmental sutures 
piceous. Underside of the body concolorous, opercula dull ochraceous : 
tegmina with the costal membrane and claval area dull ochraceous : 
wings with the base narrowly of the same colour. The body is much 
elongated, the head including the eyes, a little narrower than the base 
of the pronotum ; the face is prominently convex, faintly longitudinally 
furrowed and transversely striated : the rostrum reaches the middle of 
the posterior coxse : the opercula are very long, reaching the penulti- 
mate abdominal segment, they are abruptly narrowed on the first ab- 
dominal segment, then gradually amplified and rounded on each side, 
maximum width being at the junction of the second and third abdomi- 



164 E. T. Atkinson — Nvfes on Indian Rhynchota. [No. 2, 

nal seg'meiits from whence they are gi'aduallj narrowed to the apex 
which is obtusely rounded {Distant). 

40. DuNDUBiA TRIPURASUEA, Distant. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 225, no. 50. 

c? Head, pronotum, and mesonotum ochraceous: fi'ons with a 
triangTilar black spot near the base, and transverse black strife which 
do not meet in the middle, vertex with two large oblique and irregular 
black fascias on the disc, and a large irregular black spot on the inner 
m.argin of the eyes : pronotum with two median longitudinal black fas. 
ciae, and three oblique black striae on each side, the outer one submar- 
ginal and somewhat rounded : mesonotum with a large median clavate 
spot, of which the apex terminates on the anterior margin, bordered on 
each side by a subcorneal spot, followed by a small triangular one, and 
a wide submarginal fascia, black : abdomen dull sanguineous, with a 
series of discal segmental black fascise (these are much larger in some 
specimens and subconfluentj and a lateral segTtiental I'ow of irregular 
black spots. Body beneath with the sternum ochraceous, covered with 
gTcyish pubescence : abdomen dull sanguineous ; opercula pale sangui- 
neous ; legs ochraceous : tegmina and wings pale hyaline. Frons very 
prominent and convex ; head, including eyes, narrower than the base 
of the pronotum, snbequal to the mesonotum in width : opercula sub- 
triang-ular, well separated at the base, gradually becoming more diver- 
gent, and narrowing to the apex, which is obtuse, and almost reaches the 
apex of the fourth abdominal segment : anterior femora armed with 
three spines ; two moderately large and ochraceous ; apical one small 
and black ; posterior tibige with three black spines on the inner side near 
the apex, and two smaller and -nider apart on the margin (Distant^ . 

41. DuNDUBIA NAGARASINGNA, Distant. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 225, no. 51. 

S Body above castaneous : head with the middle of the frons and an 
oblique fascia on each side of the ocelli, ochraceous : pronotum with a 
median band and lateral and posterior margins, ochraceous : mesono- 
tum with two anterior median obconical spots denoted by black mar- 
gins ; margins of basal cruciform elevation, ochraceous : abdomen with 
the basal half sparingly clothed with gTcyish pile, the apical half much 
more densely so, and with a broad lateral fascia of greyish pile on each 
side : body beneath, with the sternum, legs, and opercula, pale ochra- 
ceous ; abdomen pale castaneous. Tegmina and wings pale hyaline ; 
costal membi'ane of tegTiiina ochraceous : head broad, including the 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— iVofes on Indian Rhynchota. 165 

eyes subequal in width to the base of the pronotum, and wider than the 
mesonotnm ; the face is very tumid, the middle longitudinally sulcated 
for half the length, and the sides transversely striated ; rostrum reach- 
ing the apex of the posterior coxse ; opercula long, reaching the base of 
the last abdominal segment, narrowest and with the edges concave from 
base to the commencement of the second abdominal segment, from 
which they are somewhat abruptly widened with the edges convex and 
the apex somewhat narrower and rounded : anterior femora with two 
long ochraceous spines ; posterior tibi^ with two long black spines, 
somewhat close together on the inner margin near the apex and two 
much wider apart on the outer margin (Distant). 

42. DuNDUBiA TEEPSICHORE, Walker. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 233, no. 94 : liv, (2), p. 117. 

2 Body pale green, slightly tinged with tawny, slightly clothed 
with white shining down : a black dot on each side of tha ocelli : ros- 
trum pale tawny, tip piceous, reaching a little beyond the intermediate 
coxae : antennae tawny : mesonotum with a piceous dot on each side 
above the cross-ridge : two last segments of the abdomen above and the 
oviduct, piceous : legs pale tawny tinged with gTcen ; claws black to- 
wards the tips ; first femora with two tawny teeth of which one is 
small : tegmina and wings colourless, tinged with brown towards the 
tips, costal margin of tegmina gTcen, slightly spinose, middle part black ; 
veins black, green towards the base, black along the hind border of the 
tegmina, ; flaps buff and tinged with red at the base and for some dis- 
tance along the hind border. 

43. DuNDUBiA (?) EVANESCENS, Walker. 
Dunduhia evanescens, Walker, Ins. Saund. Horn. p. 6 (1858). 

(? Pale testaceous, slender : head with a black band, and with the 
usual black marks in front : pronotum with two approximate black stripes 
and with two black spots on each side : mesonotum with nine black 
stripes which are more or less abbreviated hindward where there are 
two black dots : abdomen with six stripes of black spots ; the second 
pair of stripes incomplete : opercula nearly half the length of the abdo- 
men : tegmina and wings vitreous, veins pale testaceous ; tegmina with 
the marginal veins clouded by brown stripes which successively decrease 
in length, first and second transverse veins clouded with brown, very 
oblique, third and fourth oppositely oblique, slightly curved or undulat- 
ing : wings very slightly clouded with brown along the transverse mar- 
ginal veinlets (Wallier). Body long, 21—23 ; teg., 51 — 55 millims. 

Reported from India. 



166 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Lidian Rliyncliota. [No. 2, 

44. DuNDUBiA (?) GUTTiGERA, Walker. 
Dunduhia guttigera, Walker, J. Linn. S. Zool. i, p. 83 (1856). 

Testaceous : head witli three angular stripes and an elliptical ring- 
let in front and on eacli side of it transverse lines, two dorsal nearly- 
parallel stripes on pronotum, five stripes on the mesonotum of which 
the inner pair are abbreviated and the outer pair are interrupted, black : 
opercula small, rounded : abdomen ferruginous : tegmina and wings 
vitreous, the former with a brown spot on each transverse veinlet and 
on the tip of each marginal vein (TFfiZ/i;er_) . Body along, 23; exp. teg. 
71 millims. 

Reported from Malacca, Singapore. 

Genus Melampsalta, Kolenati, Stal. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 225. 

Head somewhat as broad as the anterior breadth of the thorax ; 
vertex about twice as broad as the eyes : frons slightly or moderately 
convex, furnished with a more or less distinct, median, longitudinal 
groove : thorax broader posteriorly than anteriorly, the lateral margins 
obtuse, rarely a little dilated : ulnar veins of the tegmina contiguous at 
the base or united towards the base : eight apical areas, basal cell 
quadrangular : last ventral segment in ? very deeply and broadly emar- 
ginate at the apex : tympana entirely visible above : opercula small or 
moderate : first pair of femora beneath 3 — 4 spinose (Stdl) . 

Genus Cosmopsaltria, Stal. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 226. 

The subgenera founded by Stal (1. c.) are thus distinguished : — 

a. Erons very tumid, seen from above distinctly produced before 
the juga : clypeus rounded at the apex or narrowly roundly subtrun- 
cated. 

h. Thorax broad anteriorly, entire lateral margins distinctly am- 
plified, ramus of the interior ulnar vein distinctly curved towards the 
base: — Plafijlomia, Stal (0. flavida, Guerin). 

b b. Thorax much narrowed anteriorly, lateral margins not or only 
very slightly amjDlified : ramus of the interior ulnar vein straight or 
slightly curved : Cosmopsaltria, Stal (C*. spinosa, Fabr.) 

a a. Fx'ons slightly convex, not or but very slightly prominulous 
before the juga : last dorsal segment in g acutely dentated on both 
sides at the apex : clypeus narrowly truncated or sinuately truncated 
at the apex •.—Biceropyga, Stal (C obtecta, Fabr.). 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— :?^o^e5 on Indian Rhvncliola. 167 

45. CosMOPSALTRiA OBTECTA, Fabricius. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 226, no. 54. 

Head virescent with a black vertical cross and on this the usual 
ocelli : the tliorax green, the anterior lobe with small impressed lines, 
the posterior lobe with five more distinct abbreviated lines : abdomen 
virescent, furnished beneath with opercula which are arched, elongated, 
cinereous and armed at the base with a robust, acute spine : feet 
virescent with black lines (Fabr.). 

S Weak olivaceous-virescent : an interior marginal spot beneath 
the middle of the lores ; the extreme interior margin of the gensa 
at the frons ; four transverse, lateral, subbasal lines on the frons 
terminated inwards by a longitudinal line and united, interior apical 
angle and median subapical spot on the juga ; a narrow median band 
slightly verging forwards on both sides and spots on the vertex including 
the ocelli, two narrow median streaks very slightly diverging before the 
middle posteriorly slightly arcuated not extended behind the posterior 
transverse imj)ression, a small median, latei'al discoidal streak on both 
sides, a small oblong obliquely longitudinal sjDot behind the lateral ob- 
lique median impression, also a streak near the lateral margins of the 
thorax, three median longitudinal lines (the middle one near the apex of 
the scutellum the lateral ones abbreviated in the middle of the scutellum) , 
all reaching the base, the lateral ones slightly converging backwards, four 
small basal spots situate towards the sides, an obliquely longitudinal line 
abbreviated on both sides, sittiate behind the exterior basal spot and two 
small spots placed behind the middle of the scutellum, an irregular spot 
on the first dorsal segment of the abdomen, two lines (one interior, the 
other exterior) also two spines on the first pair of femora, an abbreviated 
upper anterior line on the posterior femora and an indistinct band near 
the apex of the posterior tibite, blackish. A median band and lateral 
spot (sometimes very obsolete) on the dorsal segments of the abdomen, 
fuscous-testaceous : tegmina and wings somewhat sordidly vitreous : 
veins fuscous, olivaceous-virescent towards the base ; the apex of the 
exterior ulnar vein flavescent at the costa ; the two exterior anastomoses 
with a fuscous limbus. 

S Apical angles of the last dorsal anal segment produced in a long 
lobe, gradually acuminated, the lobes below and towards the apex fus- 
cous, inferior anal segment obtusely emarginate at the apex : opercula 
about one-third shorter than the abdomen, beyond the middle towards 
the apex gradually, thence more abruptly narrowed, inwardly behind the 
middle rounded, outwardly straight, rounded at the apex, olivaceous- 
flavescent : second ventral segment armed at the apex in the middle of 
the sides with a much elevated tubercle. Head equal in breadth to the 
22 



168 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rlijncliota. [No. 2, 

posterior part of the thorax, anteriorly very obtusely rounded : frous 
seen from above truncated, scarcely prominulous before the juga, slightly 
convex, sides distinctly furrowed : thorax somewhat narrowed forwards 
beyond the middle, tlience forming an angle prominulous in a minute 
tooth, anteriorly more narrowed : tegmina extending beyond the abdomen 
by haK their length ; the first anastomosis rather oblique, interior ulnar 
area gradually very slightly narrowed towards the apex, much obliquely 
truncated at the apex, interior apical angle obtuse, somewhat rounded : 
first pair of femora bi-spinose beneath {Stdl). 

46. COSMOPSALTEIA siTA, Distant. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 226, no. 55. 
S Head, frons with a central fascia furcate anteriorly and an ob- 
lique spot on each side at the base ; vertex with a large triangular spot 
inclosing the ocelli and an irregular longitudinal fascia near the inner 
margin of the eyes, black : j)ronotum with two central longitudinal fascia? 
joined and rounded near posterior margin, widened and angulated near 
anterior margin, on each side of these is a small discal waved line and 
two oblique fasciae near the lateral margins (the outer one submarginal 
and rounded) black : mesonotum with a central longitudinal fascia, on 
each side of which is a clavate, smaller and suboblique fascia, followed 
by two linear spots on the anterior margin and a discal waved irregular 
fascia on each side. Abdomen with the segments (excluding first) 
more or less piceous at the base and with a lateral segmental row of 
piceous spots : body beneath ocliraceous and unicolorous. Tegmina and 
wino-s pale hyaline, the former with the venation of the basal half, oclira- 
ceous, and of the apical half, fuscous ; transverse veins at the base of the 
2-3 apical areas, fuscous-ochraceous at the junction. The head, includ- 
ino- the eyes, is considerably narrower than the base of the pronotum, 
the face is only moderately convex, furrowed from beyond the middle, 
the sides distinctly striated (the face has also an oblong spot bordered 
with black at the base and the upper strise are also of that colour). 
Opercula reach the third abdominal segment, they are moderately trun- 
cate outwardly, widened and angulated inwardly (but not meeting) on 
the first abdominal segment and then diverging and narrowing to the 
apex which is obtuse and rounded ; the inner margin is slightly convex : 
rosti-um reaching a little beyond the last coxae : anterior femora with 
two strong spines (Distant). 

47. CosMOPSALTRiA DUROA, Distant. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 226, no. 56. 
$ Head, pronotum, and mesonotum dull ochraceous : head with the 
following black markings ; an irregular spot on the frons, a large central 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhj^nchota. 169 

fascia on the vertex, reacliing from the anterior to the iDosterior margins, 
produced on each side in front, enclosing the ocelli ; a curved fascia a 
little before the inner margin of the eyes, and a subtriangular sjoot ou 
the apex of the lateral margin : pronotum with the anterior margin 
(narrow), a central longitudinal fascia, bordered with black on each side, 
and a triangular fascia on each lateral margin, pale ochraceous ; two 
narrow oblique fascia? on each side, a narrow longitudinal fascia on each 
side of the disc, inner posterior, and inner and outer lateral margins, 
black : mesonotum with a clavate central longitudinal fascia, bounded 
on each side by a shorter, broader, and much angulated one, followed by 
an elongated spot and by a sablateral broad fascia, broken near the 
anterior margin, two rounded spots near the base, and two smaller ones 
on the anterior branches of the craciform elevation at the base : abdo- 
men pale castaneous, disc piceous, gradu^illy widening from the base to 
the apex, where it is wholly black. Underside of the body ochraceous 
and unspotted ; a black spot on the inner margin of the eyes, anterior tibi^ 
and tarsi, apices of intermediate tibiae and tarsi, and apex of the rostrum, 
piceous. Opercula pale greenish: tegmina and wings pale hyaline, trans- 
verse veins at the bases of the second and third apical ai'eas, infuscated. 
Face broadly sulcated in the centre, and transversely striated (many of the 
striee black) ; rostrum passing the posterior coxa3, and reaching the inner 
angles of the opercula. Opercula reaching the second abdominal segment, 
the outer margins subparallel with the lateral abdominal margins, hipped 
and widest (but not meeting) near the bases of the femora, from thence 
diverging and gradually narrowing to the apex, which is obtusely auga- 
lated : anterior femora with two long and prominent teeth, and a shorter 
one near the apex. Posterior tibite with three inner and two outer long 
marginal spines (Distant). 

48. CosMOPSALTRiA OOPAGA, Distant. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 227, no. 58. 

Head dull ochraceous : posterior lateral margins of the frons black ; 
the two basal ocelli surrounded with- black, which extends to tiie poste- 
rior margin : pro- and mesonotum pale olivaceous ; pronotum with a 
central longitudinal ochraceous fascia, bordered with black, Avhich is 
widest anteriorly, and rounded, with the black lines continuous postei-ior- 
ly ; mesonotum with two obconical spots, bordered with black on the 
anterior margin, followed by a small black spot, and an anterior lateral 
fascia ; a curved basal fascia and a small spot on each frontal side of the 
cruciform elevation, of the same colour : abdomen dull ochraceous, 
inclining to olivaceous, with the lateral side sp.iringly covered with 
greyish pubescence, and with an indistinct lateral segmental row of fas- 



170 E. T. Atkinson — Noffs on Indian RliTiicliota. [No. 2, 

cons spots. Underside of the body, pale ochraceous or olivaceous : tegmina 
and wings pale hyaline : the body is broad and somewhat depressed, the 
abdomen narrowing at the apex : the head, including the eyes, is nar- 
rower than the base of the prouotum, and but little wider than the meso- 
notum : the rostrum about reaches the apex of the first abdominal seg- 
ment : the opercula, which almost reach the apex of the foiirth abdomi- 
nal segment, ai^e situate on the lateral side of the abdomen, much wider 
apart at the base than at the apex ; they are concavely narrowed on each 
side near the base, and are there widened and convex on each side to the 
apex, which is broad and rounded ; the extreme apex bang on the outer 
raargin. The face is tumid with a curved black fascia at the base, and 
a central longitudinal furrow ; it is profoundly transversely striated, the 
interstices being very broad (Distant). 

49, COSMOPSALTEIA FLAVIDA, Guerin. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 227, no. 60. 

Yellow- virescent : head yellowish-green with a brown spot on each 
side of the labrum and in front and another blackish spot in the middle 
between the eyes which are red : the prouotam is broader behind, of the 
same colour as the head, with a transverse groove rounded at the ends 
and two oblique grooves in front ; the posterior raargin after the groove 
is flat, wrinkled transversely, bordered brown, also two triangular spots 
placed in its midst and two lines on the anterior margin but not reaching 
the middle : mesonotum tumid, smooth, with two deep hollows on the 
posterior and lateral margins, emarginate behind ; above and at its junc- 
tion Avith the pi'onotum are four angular brown spots, a longitudinal line 
and two arcuate spots on the dorsum and four rounded spots behind, 
brown : abdomen yellowish-green, the middle slightly red and the pos- 
terior mai'gin of the segments finely edged with black, covered with a 
silvery white pubescence. Tegmina and wings transparent, veins yellow 
and in some places, brown ; a row of seven small round brown spots on 
the external margin of the tegmina (and four on the anastomoses) 
larger and deeper posteriorly : body beneath more yellowish than above 
with portions greenish : tip of rostrum black, reaching the posterior 
cox£e : opercula small, bordered outside with black : femoi-a yellow (an- 
terior pair excepted which have beneath two small spines and the tips, 
black) ; tibiae yellow with base and tip blackish ; tarsi brown : oviduct 
? orange yellow (Guerin) . 

50. Leptopsaltria guttularis, Walker. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 237, no. 61. 
? Testaceous varied with green, beneath mostly pale green : head 
with a 4-forked mark about the ocelli, two transverse streaks on each 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— Notes on Indian Rliynchota. 171 

side, sutures on tlie face and three streaks on each side, black : a band in 
front on the pronotnm also two stripes which approximate in the middle 
and three streaks on each side where there is an acute angle in front, a 
median stripe and five streaks on each side on the mesonotum, four spots 
on the pectus, and abdomen partly beneath towards the tip, black : tegmina 
and wings vitreous, veins testaceous, black towards the tips ; tegmina 
with a whitish stigma, tips and transverse veins and tips of the marginal 
veins clouded with brown. 

51. Leptopsalteia albigutta. Walker. 

Dunduhia alhiijutta, Walker, J. Linn. S. Zool. i, p. 83 (1856). 

Green, partly testaceous : two lines forming an angle, in front of 
the ocelli, borders of ocelli, a line on each side of the fore maro-in of the 
head, transverse lines along most of the ridges on each side of the frons 
and two tubercles on each side of the abdomen beneath, black : ojDercula 
small rounded : tegmina and wings vitreous ; the former slightly clouded 
brown at the tips ; a whitish spot on the costa at the tip of the first apical 
area ; first and second transverse veins with brown spots ( Wallcer) . 
Body long, 18 — 19 ; exp. teg. 67 millims. 

Reported from Malacca, Singapore, 

52. COSMOPSALTRIA ANDERSONI, Distant. 

Cosmopsaltria andersoni, A. M. N. H. (5 ser.) p. 170 (1883). 

<5" . Head olivaceous ; lateral margins of the frons, area of the 
ocelli and a small spot on each side of the same, black : pro- and mesono- 
tum olivaceous, the former with a central, longitudinal, ochraceous band, 
bordered with black, widest anteriorly and compressed about the centre 
and with a small curved black line behind the eyes : mesonotum with two 
obconical spots bordered with black on the anterior margin, on each 
side of which is a small discal black streak and a curved black spot on 
each side of the base near the anterior angles of the cruciform elevation, 
which are also black : abdomen dull, dark ochraceous : underside of 
body pale ochraceous ; annulation on the anterior femora near their 
apices, upper surfaces and apices of anterior tibi^, bases and apices of 
intermediate and posterior tibiee and tarsi, apex of rostrum, and apical 
portion of last abdominal segment, black : tegmina and wings pale hya- 
line, the first with the costal membrane and the basal portion of the vena- 
tion, ochraceous ; the remaining portion of the venation more or less 
shaded and marked with the veins black or olivaceous, and with a black 
claval streak : wings with the veins black or olivaceous, outer claval 
margin and an inner claval streak fuscous. The body is broad and 



172 E. T. Atkinson — Kotcs on Indian Rhyncliota. [N'o. 2, 

somewhat depressed, tlie abdomen above moderately pilose : tlie head, 
including the outer margins of the eyes, is subequal in width or a very 
little narrower than the base of the pronotum : the rostrum about reaches 
the middle of the first abdominal segment : the opercula are long, strongly 
compressed and sinuate near the base, and then widened and convex 
on each side, but narrowing at their apices which reach the base of the 
last abdominal segment : face swollen and tumid with a narrow median 
longitudinal groove and stroiig transverse striations, the interstices of 
which are very broad. Allied to G. oojjaga, Distant, from which its 
sm.aller size and the greater length of the opercula at once distinguish it 
(^Distant). Long, 32; exp. teg. 88millims. 
Reported from Mergui. 

Genus Pomponia, StSl. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 228. 

St&l distinguishes the subgenera Pomponia and Oncotym^yana thus :- 
Pomponia — Abdomen in S longer than the head, thorax and scutel- 
lum. taken together, the first segment occupying the fifth or sixth part 
of the abdomen, posterior margin straight or somewhat rounded, the 
anterior lateral lobes moderate, not or very slightly convex, covering 
only a part of the tympana, space between these lobes broad or some- 
what so : last ventral segment acutely dentate on both sides at the apex, 
(P.fusca, Olivier). 

Oncotympana Abdomen in ^ short, shorter or only as long as the 
head, thorax and scutellum taken together ; first dorsal segment occupy- 
ing about one-thii'd of the abdomen, posterior mai'gin more or less dis- 
tinctly sinuated ; anterior lateral lobes very large, covering the entire 
tympana, convex, broader than the space lying between them : last 
dorsal segment in (^ obtusely rounded on both sides at the apex (P, 2ml- 
lidiventris, Stal). 

53. Pomponia urania, Walker. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), 228, no. 62. 

$ Body somewhat fusiform, ferruginous, partly whitish pubescent : 
head and pronotum tinged with green : rostrum tawny, tip black, reach- 
ino- beyond the posterior margins of the opercu.la : autenuse tawny : pos- 
terior lobe of the pronotum bi'ight green, partly ferruginous along the 
fore border no tooth : niesonotTim green on each side and at the tip, cross- 
rid^e pale tawny: abdomen green, powdered white beneath, and at the 
base a short snow white band which forms two triangles : drums pale 
tawny, close ; opercula of moderate size slightly overlapping, full one- 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— A^o^es 07i Indian Rhyncliota. 173 

fourth of the length of the abdomen : legs tawny, tinged green ; first 
femora with three tawny teeth, two large, one very small, claws black, 
tawny at the base : tegmina colourless, slightly tinged with tawny 
towards the tips, a row of pale brown spots along the tips of the long- 
itudinal veins of the apical areas ; first and second transverse veins 
clouded brown with traces of it on the others ; costal margin green to 
the stigma, dark tawny thence to the tip; veins green, with black 
bands across the breadth beneath the brand, wholly black towards the 
tips : basal cellule, flaps at the base and for a space along the hind border, 
tawny. 

54. PoMPONiA BiNDUSARA, Distant. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 228, no. 63. 

3 Body above pale ochraceous ; head with the lateral margins of 
the front bordered with black striee, and with two contiguous black spots 
on the disc ; two oblique striae on the lateral margins of the vertex and 
the area of the ocelli black : pronotum with two central longitudinal 
fascifB, narrowed, joined and rounded on the posterior margin, widely 
divergent and terminating on the anterior margin, a small curved fascia 
on each side of the disc and oblique strise also, black : mesonotum with a 
central fascia, a shorter and more oblique one on each side, followed by 
an elongate spot on the anterior margin, and a long, somewhat broken? 
Bubmarginal fascia, black ; two rounded spots in front of the cruciform 
elevation, and two smaller ones on the anterior branches of the same, 
also black : abdomen somewhat thickly covered with pale pubescence, 
with a series of discal segmental markings, two large spots near the 
lateral margins of the third and fourth segments, and a lateral seg'- 
raental row of small spots, black. Underside of the body pale ochraceous : 
apical disc of the abdomen, black : tegmina and wings pale hyaline ; 
transverse veins, at the bases of the second and third apical areas, slight- 
ly infuscate : face convex : apical two-thirds with a narrow central furrow 
transversely striated, the strioa black near the middle. Rostrum slightly 
passing the posterior coxte, its apex black: opercula small, posterior margins 
obtusely angulated, and reaching the base of the first abdominal segment, 
widened and obtusely angulated, but not meeting inwardly : jjosterior 
tibiae with three inner and two outer marginal spines : anterior femora 
with two long and prominent spines (Distant). 

55. PoMPONiA KAMA," Distant. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 228, No. 65. 
9 Head, pronotum and mesonotum greenish : head with the lateral 
sides of the frons, black : vertex with two transverse lines on the lateral 



174 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhjncliota. [No. 2, 

margins , somewhat connected inwardly by a sliort oblique fascia and the 
area of the ocelli, from which proceed two narrow fascice to the posterior 
margin, black : pronotnm with a median, black, clavate fascia, of which 
the middle is ochraceons, widest and much angulated at the anterior mar- 
gin, narrowest and somewhat acutely pointed on the posterior mai'gin ; 
an arcuated narrow fascia on each side of the disc ; obliqixe striae pale 
fuscous ; lateral submarginal strite black, and an oblique fuscous spot on 
the lateral margins ; posterior margin narrowly edged with black : meso- 
notum with two large obconical spots margined with black, and a lai'ge |\ 
fascia in front of the anterior angles of the basal cruciform elevation : 
tympana pale greenish, fuscous anteriorly, and bright cretaceous-white 
near the lateral margins : abdomen castaneous, lateral margins of the 
basal segment bright cretaceous-white. Body beneath with the head, 
sternum, and opercula greenish ; abdomen castaneous : legs greenish ; 
apices of tibise and tarsi and tarsal claws, black : tegmina pale fuscous 
hyaline ; anatomoses and apices of the lateral veins at the margin 
broadly iufuscate, and a blackish spot near the termination of the radial, 
vein : wings pale hyaline : face broad, convex, the middle blackish, and 
with a central longitudinal impression, and transverse striations : ros- 
trum with the apex black, and just passing the posterior cox^e : opercula 
very short, not reaching the base of the first abdominal segment : abdo- 
men beneath deeply furrowed at the lateral margins, the disc somewhat 
gibbous : head, including the eyes, narrower than the base of the prono- 
tum, about equal to the base of the mesonotum (Distant). 



56. POMPONIA MADHAVA, Distant. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 229, no. 66. 

d Body pale greenish : abdomen with a lateral row of three lai'ge, 
oblong, spots, only denoted by their darker green margins, occupying 
the lateral sides of the first three segments ; segmental incisures narrow- 
ly dark greenish : ocelli red ; eyes fuscous : mesonotum with two very 
faint obconical spots. Body beneath pale greenish : legs and rostrum 
pale ochraceons : tegmina and wings pale hyaline ; the first Avitli the 
costal membrane and the veins pale greenish : the head, including the 
eyes, is narrower than the base of the pronotnm ; the face is broad and 
convex, with a broad central longitudinal impression and strong trans- 
verse striations ; the opercula are small, not reaching the apex of the 
metasternum ; the second and third abdominal segments beneath are 
rounded, produced, and pointed anteriorly ; the rostrum reaches the poste- 
rior coxse {Distant). 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. 175 

57. PoMPONiA LINEARIS, Walker. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 228, no. 64. 

d. Body tawny beneath: head and pronotnm piceous, with indis- 
tinct tawny marks, chiefly along the sutures ; face piceous towards the 
rostrum, which is tawny with a black tip that extends to the posterior 
margins of the opercula : antennae black : pronotum with six pale tawny 
stripes which proceed from the fore border to the disc : pectus green : 
abdomen ferruginous, segmental incisures black : the tympana dark 
ferruginous ; opercula green, rather lai-ge, hardly apart : legs tawny ; fore 
femora with two sharp tawny teeth ; tips of feet and of the claws black : 
tegmina with an indistinct tawny tinge, sliglitly coloured with green, 
pale brown and marked with black at the base, costal margin greenish, 
transverse veins clouded brown ; a row of small brown spots on the tips 
of the longitudinal veins of the apical areas ; veins with alternate black 
and pale yellow bands ; veins of the wings tawny, transverse veins 
darker ; flaps pale brown at the base. 

58. POMPONIA IMPERATORIA, Westwood. 

J. A. S. B. liii, 2) 229, no. 67. 

Luteous-fulvous : head and dorsum of thorax with very many black 
spots varying in size and form ; mesonotum with a trifid mark : sides of 
pronotum eraarginate and angulate in the middle : abdomen brunneous, 
sides paler, a spot on both sides on each segment, black : wings yellowish 
hyaline, veins fulvous : subapical transverse veins on the tegmina, cloud- 
ed fuscous, and seven spots towards the margin, fuscous (Westiv.) 

59. PoMPONiA TiGROiDES, Walker. 

Dimduhia tigroides, Walker, Ins. Sannd. p. 5 fl8o8). 

Pomponia tigroides, Distant, J. A. S. B. xlviii, (2), p. 38 (1879) ; liii, (2), p. 229 
(1884), no. 69. 

? . Green, partly testaceous : head with minute black marks in front 
and on each side and with a large black spot on the vertex : pronotum 
with six black stripes ; the inner jiair dilated at each end, the middle 
pair oblique, the third pair marginal ; a curved brown discal streak on 
each side between the first and second pairs : mesonotum with five blnck 
stripes which are slightly dilated posteriorly, outer pair curved poster- 
iorly, two black dots on the posterior margin : abdomen witli a black 
lanceolate mark on each of the first and second segments, with black 
dots along each aide and with a black subapical band : costa of tegmina 
green, luteous beyond the middle, stigma black with a pale baud, veins 
23 



176 E. T. Atkinson—Notes on Indian Rliyiicliota. [No. 2, 

green, partly black, first and second transverse veins veiy slightly cloud- 
ed with brown (Walker). Body long, 23 ; teg. 54 millims. 

Differs from D. tigrina, Walker, by the outward cui^ve of the exte- 
rior stripes on the mesonotum, by the spots and band of the abdomen 
and by the first transverse vein of the tegmina, which is slightly oblique 
outwards, whereas that of D. tigrina is very oblique inwards. 

Reported from India, Tenasserim. 

60. PoMPONiA EXPANS'A, Walker. 

Carineta expansa, Walker, Ins. Saund. Horn. p. 26 (1858) ; Signoret, B. S. E. F. 
(6 ser.) i, p. xli (1881), 

Pomponia expansa, Stal, Berlin Ent. Zeitsclir. x, p. 171 (1866). 

3 . Black, shoi't, pilose, very broad : head with two green spots 
on the vertex ; frons with a green stripe and with lateral transverse 
testaceous streaks : pronotum with two angular green stripes in the 
middle and with a curved stripe on each side ; borders testaceons-green 
with two black spots on each side : mesono turn with various dorsal 
testaceous marks ; borders green : abdomen blackish-brown ; dorsal 
and ventral opercnlas testaceous, with dusky borders, the latter very 
broad, about half the length of the abdomen : legs testaceous, striped 
with black : wings vitreous, veins tawny here and there green, partly 
bright pale green at the base : tegmina with a pale green stigma, a 
brown spot near the tip of each marginal vein ; transverse veins clouded 
with brown, first and second slightly oblique and curved, first parted 
from the second by a little more than twice its length, the third and 
fourth nearly straight {Walker). Body long, 27 ; teg., 96 millims. 

Reported from India, China. 

61. Emathia j^grota, Stal. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 229, no. 69. 

S . Very pale olivaceous, sparingly greyish-sericeous : a median 
streak amplified forwards and posterior limbus of thoi-ax, four triano-ular 
spots reaching the base of the scutellum (the median small, the lateral 
spots large), also the dorsum of the abdomen, subtestaceous : tegmina 
and wings, vitreous ; veins pale olivaceous-virescent, fuscous towards 
the apex ; a spot on the two exterior anastomoses and a subapical spot 
at the exterior margin of the tegmina, fuscous ; the first anastomosis of 
the wings margined with fuscous, the veinless margin inwards at the 
anal area and the anal area at the base, fuscous : streaks on the femora 
and apex of tibiae fuscescent. In the c?, the opercula are small, oblique, 
oblong and the first ventral segment is triangularly elevated between the 



188G.] E. T. Atkinson— A'^'ofe.s on Indian Rhyncliota. 177 

opercuja. The head is scarcely broader than the apex of the thorax ; 
the vertex scarcely more than twice as broad as the eyes ; frons prorai- 
nulons. Ocelli somewhat more distant from each other than from the 
eyes. Thorax either somewhat ampliiied forwards or with the sides 
parallel, abruptly amplified at the base. First pair of femora trispinose 
{Stal). 

Genus RusTiA, Stal. 
Hem. Afric. iv, p. 8 (1866). 

Head as broad as the anterior lobe of the thorax, anterior margin 
deeply incised between the frons and the freely prominulous lobes of the 
vertex, lateral part which bears the semiglobose eyes turning somewhat 
u^jwards : rostrum short : ocelli twice as distant from each other as from 
the eyes ; eyes remote from the base of the head : the part of the thorax 
lying before the transverse impression more than twice as long as the 
posterior part : tympana entirely visible ; anterior margin of the sides of 
the first dorsal segment of the abdomen neither produced nor sending 
forwards a lobe ; ulnar veins of the tegmina distant at the base ; wings 
with five apical areas : first pair of tibiae not produced in a spine beyond 
the insertion of the tarsi {Stdl). 

62. RuSTIA PEDUNCULATA, Stal. 
Rustia pedunculata, Stal, Berlin Ent. Zeitschr. x, p. 383 (1866). 

? . Testaceous-flavescent : clypeus, lores, genge (except the ocular 
part), ocellar area, six streaks on the thorax (median pair and the intra- 
marginal lateral pair narrow), five streaks on the scutellum (the median 
streak and lateral pair elongate) , black-fuscous : the dorsum of the abdo- 
men with obsolete fuscous streaks : tegmina and wings vitreous, veins 
fuscous, costa and the radial vein yellow-olivaceous, interrupted sub- 
apical band (which is dentated posteriorly) on the tegmina, fuscous : 
last dorsal segment of the abdomen, fuscous ; an obsolete median streak 
and the sides, testaceous-flavescent, the sides with a fuscous spot : last 
ventral segment very slightly and very broadly sinuated at the apex. 
Vertex thrice as broad as the eyes : ocelli twice as distant from the eyes as 
from each other : lateral margins of the thorax parallel, abruptly ampli- 
fied at the base : interior ulnar area of the tegmina slightly narrowed 
towards the apex, first apical area longer than the second, seventh and 
eighth apical areas of equal length, somewhat small : first femora 3-spi- 
nose, the subapical spine minute (Stal). Long, 13; exp. teg. 31 niil- 
lims. 

Reported from Cambodia. 



178 E. T. Atkinson— JVo^e.^ on Indian Rliynchota. [No. 2, 

Genus Cicada, Linnaeus, Stal. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 229. 

This" is one of the oldest names iu the order and has suffered so 
many changes by the creation of new genera that it would be unprofit- 
able to trace back its history. Taking the changes of the last quarter of 
a century, we find that in 1866 Stal added Leptopsaltria, Cosmopsaltria, and 
Pompoiiia to the Dunduhia group. The Cicada group including Fidicina 
was increased in 1861 (A. S. E. F. (4 ser.) i, p. 613) by PsaUoda, Cryp- 
totympana, Tympanoterpes, and Sehjmbria, and, in 1864, by Proarna. 
In 1862, Stal (Rio. Jan. Hera. p. 19) distributed the species of Cicada 
proper amongst the subgenera Cicada, Taphura, Parnisa, Calyria, and 
Prunasis. All of these were I'aised to the I'ank of genera in 1866 (Hera. 
Afric. iv, p. 8) and, excepting Cicada, were thrown into the Tibicengvou.p. 
To the Cicada group were added Senicopsaltria, Nosola, and Emathia, in 
1866 ; and to the Tihicen group, Henicotettix in 1858; Pydna, Stagira, Cal- 
lipsaltria, and Tympanistria, in 1861; and Hustia and Bietiiria, in 1866. 
In 1870, Stal still further divided the species of his restricted Cicada 
in establishing the subgenera Chremistica, Macrotristia, Cicada, and 
Diceroprocta. I doubt much whether any of those Indian species which 
stiU. bear the generic name Cicada really belong to that genus : if 
they do, they belong to the subgenus Cicada, which has the sides of 
the thorax anteriorly without a lobe ; the sides of the last dorsal segment 
in d posteriorly unarmed, very often produced in an acute tooth in the 
middle ; the sixth ventral segment in $ broadly, angularly siuuated at 
the apex ; and the interior ulnar vein straight or but slightly curved. 
This question can only be settled by an examination of the types. 

63. Cicada (?) ferruginea, Olivier. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 230, No. 7-i. 

Entirely ferruginous, clouded brown : tegniina and wings of a deep 
colour, the posterior margins light and transparent (Olivier). 

64. TiBiCEN (?) AURATUS, Walker, 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 230, no. 72. 

cf. Body black, densely tawny pubescent, pale tawny beneath : 
a band in front of the head, three spots in the ocellar area, face and 
rostrum, tawny : disc of face, tip of rostrum which reaches the in- 
termediate coxae and the antennee, black : aiiterior lobe of pronotum 
with the borders and a short stripe, behind which are two triangular 
spots resting on the hind border ; posterior lobe and two stripes on 
the mesonotum amplified in the middle and its jx)sterior margin, 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— A^o^es on Indian Rhynclaota. 179 

tawny : abdomen velyety black with patches of golden hairs : [tyni- 
pana uncovered, tawny, rather large ; opercula pale tawny, small, wide 
apart ?] : tip of abdomen tawny, with a horn of the same colour : leo-s 
yellow ; femora striated black ; tips of the tibiee and of the feet, black ; 
claws black, tawny at the base ; fore-femora with three robust black 
teeth ; fore-tibite mostly black : tegmina colourless, pale buff and marked 
with buff at the base ; costal margin bright rosy red, darker towards 
the tips, black on the stigma ; veins tawny, black towards the tips ; 
first and second transverse veins and the longitudinal vein between 
them, clouded black : veins of the wings pale tawny with black tips 
and the tips of the flaps clouded brown. In the ? the abdomen is a little 
longer and more pointed than in the d . 



Species of douhtful position. 

Cicada rugipennis, Walker, Ins. Saund., p. 17 (1858). 

d . Luteous-testaceous, stout : pronotum much broader behind than 
in front, sides straight, sutures strongly marked : abdomen with a black- 
ish band on the fore border of each segment : wiuo-s white rather 
broad, very stout and rugulose : tegmina slightly rounded in front 
costa and veins reddish, the latter black at the tips ; 1-3 transverse veins 
and most part of the intermediate veins, clouded black : wing's with a 
short angular band in front at two-thirds of the length. Body long 
29i ; teg. 84 millims. 

Reported from India. 

Cicada delineata, Walker, Ins. Sannd., p. 17 (1858). 

? . Black, testaceous beneath : ocellar space and two irregular stripes 
on the head, the frons, margin of pronotum, six irregular stripes on the 
mesonotum and a spot and dot on each side in front between the inter- 
mediate and exterior pair of stripes, a band on the posterior margin of 
each abdominal segment and the abdomen for the most part beneath, legs, 
and veins on the tegmina towards the base, testaceous : transverse streaks 
on the frons, six various stripes on the pronotum and the sutures in part, 
also three spots on each side, strijjes on the femora and tibisE and veins 
of the tegmina above the base, black : tegmina and wings vitreous. 
Body long, 21 ; teg., 63 millims. 

Reported from India. 

Cicada subvenosa, Walker, Ins. Saund., p. 18 (1858). 

d . Pale testaceous : greatest part of the vertex, 2-4 stripes on the 
pronotum, also a dilated spot by the border, four stripes on the meso- 
notum of which the middle pair are short and two dots behind these 



180 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. [No. 2, 

and a spot at the base of the abdomen, black : pronotuni a little broader 
than the head with a brown spot on each side hind ward ; the outer pair 
of black spots on the mesonotnni contain between them some forked 
testaceous lines : tegmiua and wings vitreous, veins pale testaceous, the 
first and second veins of the tegmina slightly clouded brown. Body 
long, 14 1 ; teg. 38 millims. 
Re^Dorted from India. 

Cicada strigosa, Walker, Ins. Sannd., p. 19 (1858). 

d, 5. Black: transverse lines on each side of the face, a stripe on 
the pronotum, the abdomen beneath more or less, greatest part of the 
femora, a band near the base on the tibife, testaceous : tegmina and wings 
vitreous, with a very oblique internipted brown band which extends 
along the transverse veins ; veins testaceous, black towards the tips : the 
basal area and the base of the sixth ulnar area, clouded brown and with 
a short brown band which extends across the tip of the front area ; 
a brown mark at the tip of the first apical area : abdomen in d with 
three stout spines at the tip. Body long, 14| ; teg., 38 millims. 

Reported from India. 

Cicada virguncula, Walker, J. Linn. S. Zool. i , p. 84 (1856). 

Green : head small : drums very small : abdomen luteous above at 
the base, hind borders of the segments, luteous : wings vitreous ; costa 
and veins green. Body long, 13|^ ; teg. 35 — 36 millims. 

Reported from Singapore, Malacca. 

Genus CiCADATRA, Amyot. 

A. S. E. F. (2 ser.) y, p. 152 (1847) : Fieber, Rev. Mag. Zool. (3 ser.) ii, p. 
338, t. 3, (1875). 

In A. S. E. F. (4 ser.) i, p. 617 (1861), Stal unites TetUgia and 
Cicadatra and makes them subgenera of the united genus. Fieber (1. c.) 
keeps them separate and describes Cicadatra as having the anterior 
femora trispinose : pronotum trapezoidal : covering of the drums semi- 
oval or broadly triangular, concealing more or less the drums, and more- 
over a subulate projection or point: the genital sheath (porte-pSnis) in 
the c? is corneous, elongate or linear and has at the tip a bundle of rib- 
bon-shaped white or brownish appendages with numerous points : the 
two sectors spring each from one of the angles of the short basal cellule 
of the tegmina, the angles separated by a short, oblique, vein : rostrum 
reachino- only the middle or the usually convex end of the mesosternum. 
In Tettigia, the anterior femora are bispinose : pronotum trapezoidally 
broadened backwards : the drums almost covered by a broad semioval 
plate : the genital sheath in cf is corneous and ends in two horns, in- 



1880.] E. T. Atkinson— JS^ofes on Indian Tlliyncliota. 181 

curved towards the base : the two sectors spring from the elongated 
basal celltile at a right angle, the exterior sector rising at the internal 
inferior angle, the other a little higher at the tip of the short, oblique, 
intermediate vein : the rostrum long, reaching the first ventral segment, 
basal joint prominulous, third joint about 3| times longer than the 
second, clypeus long, triangular, acute, four-fifths of the length of the 
frons : space between the scrobe and the eye almost twice as largo as 
the scrobe : mesosternum broadly triangular, convex with a short and 
weak apical groove : metasternum in the cf, obtuse, quadrangular, free. 

G5. CiCADATRA STRIATA, Walker. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), 229 no. 71 : liv, (2), 116. 

? . Body tawny : head with a broad, slightly interrupted black 
band ; face convex, with a I'ow of black bands on each side : rostrum 
tawny, piceoiis towards the tip, reaching' the hind cox99 : pronotum part- 
ly black above, with a short, broad, yellow stripe in the middle : meso- 
notum mostly occupied by four very broad black stripes, the lateral 
much longer than the median pair and with two tawny streaks : abdo- 
men mostly piceous above : legs tawny : first femora with three rather 
long teeth : tegmina and wings colourless, veins tawny, black towards 
the tips ; the first and second tratisverse veins clouded with brown : fore- 
flaps tawny, tips of hind-flaps, brown. Body long, 16| : exp. teg. 44 
millims. 

66. CiCADATRA XANTES, "Walker. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 230, no. 75 ; liv, (2), p. 117. 
d . Body tawny : vertex with two very large black spots ; face red 
above with a piceous stripe in front : rostrum tawny, tip black, reaching 
the intermediate cox^ : antennae tawny, piceous at the bases and tips : 
pronotum with a yellow stripe on each side of which there is a short, 
slightly curved stripe and a small spot on the hind border, piceous : 
me'sonotum with four black obconical stripes, the middle pair rather less 
than half the length of the outer pair and so close together that they 
almost appear united ; behind them are two piceous spots which join the 
cross-ridge which is ferruginous and small : abdomen ferruginous with 
a piceous stripe which tapers from the base to a little beyond the middle 
and then disappears : drum-covers pale tawny, very small, not half cover- 
ino- the tympana which are ferruginous ; the opercula bright tawny, 
rather narrow, of moderate size, about one-third the length of the 
abdomen : legs tawny ; femora striated ferruginous ; tips of claws black 
fore tibi^ and feet ferruginous ; fore femora with two rather long ferrugi- 



182 E. T. Atkinson— iVoi^es o» Indian Rhynchota. [No. 2, 

nous teeth : tegmina colourless, veins yellow, on tlie costal margin a 
black vein is enclosed between two yellow veins and extends to the pale 
yellow stigma : flaps with a tawny tinge at the base and along part of 
the middle vein. 

67. CiCADATRA QUADRiMACULA, Walker. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 233, no. 93 ; liv, (2), p. 117. 

S . Body bright tawny, scarcely jrabescent : head, rostrum (base 
excepted), antennte, black : pronotum with a slightly curved stripe on 
each side, two triangular spots on fore border, three small spots on hind 
border, and some indistinct marks on the disc, black : inesonotum with 
four very large black spots of which the outer pair are obconical, slightly 
oblique, widened to each other at the base, on the inner side slightly 
emarginate by a very slender short oblique tawny stripe, the third spot 
much shorter and apparently divided into two U-shaped spots, the fourth 
behind the third, quadrate, with a slender cone on its fore border : a large 
spot on each side at the base of the antennce, a small one iu front of the 
head and three along the hind border, and the base of the rostrum, 
tawny : abdomen black above, posterior dorsal margins of the segments 
with an interurrupted reddish baud, a broad pale tawny band near 
the tip, horn pale tawny ; beneath piceous, posterior margins of the 
ventral segments, ferruginous, tip pale tawny : drum-covers very small, 
pale tawny, with blackish discs partly covering the tympana, which 
are greyish ; opercula bright tawny, small, far apart : legs tawny : 
coxae, posterior femora and last tibige striped black ; claws ferrugi- 
nous ; first femoi-a black with a tawny spot near the tip and with 
three robust black teeth ; first tibiaj black with a slender tawny band 
near the base, middle pair black ; first and middle feefc, piceous ferrugi- 
nous at the base, last pair tawny with piceous tips : tegmina whitish, 
pale tawny and marked with black at the base, costal margin bright 
tawny, stigma pale brown, veins pale tawny, black towards the tips 
first and second transverse veins and the space between them and ths 
costal margin clouded very dark brown ; fore-flaps pale tawny : wings 
with the first and second transverse veins and the space between them 
clouded very dark brown, flaps white at the base and along some part of 
the hind border. 

Genus Crtptottmpana, Stal. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 230. 

Head very broad, about as broad as the thorax ; frons occupying 
about a third part of the breadth of the face : thorax vci-y slightly am- 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— JVo^e5 on Indian Rlijncliota. 183 

plified backwards from the apex ; the lateral margins dilated, straight, 
or slightly siuuated ; anterior angles distinct ; posterior limbus broad " 
scutellum posteriorly depressed, slightly sinuate at the apex : tegmina 
with eight apical areas, basal cell sending out two veins which are rather 
broadly distant : wings with six apical areas ; abdomen obconical, tym- 
pana entirely hidden above by the very large lobe of the dorsal segment 
which is produced forwards : opercula large, flattish, contiguous inwards 
or slightly valvate : metasternum furnished with a stout process which 
is curvedly produced fi^om the base backwards : first pair of femora beneath 
with two large spines and near the apex with an obsolete, obtuse, small 
tooth {Stal.) 

68. Cryptottmpana recta, Walker. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 230, no. 77. 

? . Body black, short, broad, tawny pubescent in parts : rostru'u 
black, tawny at the base, reaching the last coxae : antennge black : posterior 
lobe of the pronotum with two large tawny spots ; the mesonotum 
with two small tawny spots near the middle of its posterior mar- 
gin : opercula tawny, very small, wide apart : legs dark tawny ; fe- 
mora, especially the first and intermediate pairs, striped black ; tips of 
the tibice, feet, and fore-tibi^, black ; first femora with three black teeth 
of which two are long and one is very small : tegmina colourless, green 
along the costal margin for half its length, dark bro-svTi thence to the 
tips, black towards the base, to this colour succeeds a small space having 
an opaline lustre ; veins tawny, black towards the tips ; the first and 
second transverse veins and the adjoining longitudinal veins are clouded 
dark brown ; flaps black towards the base. 

69. Crtptottmpana vicina, Siguoret. 

J. A. S. B. liii (2), p. 230, no. 78 : inolades i^'icUcma hicolor, Walker, List Horn. B. 
M. iv, p. 1121 (1858), from Java. 

Much smaller than C. acuta, Signoret, from which it differs only in 
the absence of patches on the pronotum and in the complete transpa- 
rency of the wings in the external portion : the opercula ai*e proportion- 
ately less elongate, but of the same form ( d" ) . 

70. Crtptottmpana immaculata, Olivier. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 231, no. 79. 

Black : wino-s, hyaline, spotless : abdomen black : opercula reddish : 
two spines on the first pair of femora, acute, larger than usual (Olivier). 
Head and thorax blackish brown, abdomen black ; three red ocelli oa 
24 



184 E. T. Atkinson— jVofes on Luh'ati Rbyuchota. [No. 2, 

the head : opercula orange red : first pau' of femora with two robust 
spines : tegmina and wings hyaline, immaculate, margin of the brown 
colour of the body beneath. Differs from G. intermedia, Signoret, in 
having the tegmina and wings entirely transparent, the opercula smaller 
though of the same colour, and the femoral spines apparently more 
robust. Body long, 50 : exp. teg. 112 millims. 

71. Cetptottmpana intermedia, Signoret. 

J. A. S. B. liii (2), p. 231, no. 80. 

Differs from C. atrata, Fabr., in the absence of patches on the pro- 
notum and scutellum, whilst those on the head are larger : the brown 
basal patch on the tegmina is not so large and does not extend bej'^ond 
the basal cell : opercula are altogether yellow and are larger, elongate, 
flattened, and with a rim : abdomen reddish yellow with a blackish band 
on each segment ; sides brown. From Tenasserim (Walker) ; China 
{Signoret, B. S. E. F. (6 ser.) i, p. xli, 1881) ; Java (Sign.). 

72. Crtptotympana atrata, Fabricius. 

Tettigonia atrata, Fabr., Syst. Ent. p. 681 (1775) ; Spec. Ins. ii, p. 321 (1781) { 
Mant. Ins. ii, p. 267 (1787) ; Ent. Syst. iv, p. 24, (171)4,) ; Syst. Rhyng. p. 42 (1803). 

Tettigonia pustulata, Fabr., Unt. Sjfit. iv, p. 20 (1794); Syst. Rhyng., p. 37 
(1803). 

Cicada nigra, Olivier, Enc. Metli. T, p. 750, t. iii, f . 5 (1790) : Stoll, Cig., p. 84 ; 
t. 22, f., 118 (1788), La Cigale Chinoise noire. 

Cicada atrata, Germar, Thon's Archiv. ii (2), p. 55 (1830) ; Silb., Rev. Ent. ii, p. 
68 (1834). 

Cicada atra, Signoret, Rev. Mag. Zool., p. 406, t. 10, f. 1. 

Fidicina atrata. Walker, pt.. List Horn. B. M. p. 89 (1850). 

Cryptotympana nigra, Stil, Hem. Fabr. ii, p. 6 (1868) ; Ofvers. K. Y.-A. Forh., 
p. 714 (1870). 

Cryptotympana atrata, Stal, A. S. E. F, (4 ser.) i, p. 613 (1861). 

Entirely dull black ; the margin of the abdomen, especially of the 
last segment, testaceous : tegmina and wings whitish, black at the base, 
veins testaceous (Fabr.). This description is copied through all Fabri- 
ciiTs' works and the reason for Stal giving in his later writings prece- 
dence to Olivier's name is not understood. 

Black, varied with reddish yellow ; tegmina and wings hyaline va- 
ried with brown : head with a reddish longitudinal patch in the middle 
of the frons, ending below near the eyes and another transverse patch ; 
pronotum with a patch on each side on the posterior margin, 2-4 on the 
scutellum, one at each angle : tegmina and wings with a broad opaque, 
basal, brownish jDatch occupying the basal cell of the tegmina, which are in 
the opaque portion veined yellowish, and also in a part of the transparent 



188(5.] E. T. Atkinfion— Notes 071 Indian Rhyncliota. 185 

portion, but becoming obscure and black towards the apical anastomosea : 
abdomen black, margined yellow : opercula moderate, tumid, rounded, 
blackish-brown bordered with yelloAv : feet black, varied with yellow. 
Long. 47 : exp. teg. 134 millims. 

Reported from China, Java, but likely to be found in India. 

73. Cryptotympana acuta, Signoret. 

Cicada acuta, Sign., Rev. Mag. Zool. p. 409, t. 10, f. 3, 3 A (1849). 
Fidicina acuta, Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 81 (1850J. 
Fidicina nivifera, Walker, 1. c. p. 80 (1850). 

Cri/ptotympana acuta, Stal, A. S. E. F. (4 ser.) i, p. 613 (1861) ; Offers. K. V.- 
A. Forli. p. 483 (1862) ; p. 714 (1870). 

Black : two reddish brown patches on the pronotum and a yellow 
band on the posterior margin : mesonotum with six stripes, of which the 
two median are small : scutellum reddish : metanotum reddish on each 
side with two median patches : tegmiua and wings brownish at the base, 
the external cellules and the two first anastomoses only being slightly 
smoky : abdomen with a large farinose patch on each side of the first 
three segments, which is only feebly indicated on the fourth, beneath 
black varied with red : opercula large, elongate, ending in a point and 
sinuate on the margins, entirely yellow : feet black, varied with yellow. 
Body long, 42 : exp. teg. 130 millims. 

Reported from Java, Philippines, likely to be found in India. 

74. Cryptotympana corvus, Walker. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2) p. 231, no. 83 : liv (2), p. 117. 

? . Body black, short, broad, adorned here and there with patches 
of bright tawny down : a tawny spot on the face : rostrum and antenuie^ 
black, the former reaching the hind coxa3 : abdomen with a tawny spot 
on each side of the tip beneath : legs black ; femora striped tawny, hind 
tibifB tawny, black at the base and at the tips : first femora with two 
long, black teeth : wings nearly colourless, with a slight pale brown 
tinge at the tips, very dark brown towards the base, costal margin dark 
brown, striped with green, veins black, greenish towards the base. 
Body, long, 36 : exp. teg. 113 millims. 

75. Cbyptotympana bubo, Walker. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p.. 231, no. 81 : liv (2), p. 117. 
S . Body black, short, broad, shining, partly clothed with tawny 
down which forms patches on the thorax : head with five tawny spots in 
front, the largest on the vertex ; rostrum and antenna, black : eyes 



186 E. T. Aikmson—Kfofp.o ov Tndian Rhyncliota. [No. 2, 

promiimlous : the pronotum with two dark tawny spots near the hind 
border, posterior margin of posterior lobe dark tawny, and the mesonotum 
on each side with two tawny spots : abdomen obconical, a little longer 
than the thorax, with a dark tawny stripe along each side beneath : 
drums black, rather large ; opercula large, black, nearly half the length 
of the abdomen, irregularly triangular, tawny on the outer sides and at 
the tips, which are narrow and pointed : legs black ; femora tawny 
beneath except at the base and tips ; a slender tawny band near the base 
of each middle tibia ; hind tibiaa tawny, black at the base and at the 
tips ; a broad tawny band on each hind foot : first femora strongly 
bidentate : tegmina dark bi^own for half the length from the base, 
slightly tinged with brown thence to the tips, adorned at the base of 
each tegmen with a tawny spot, beyond which is a tawny stripe extend- 
ing nearly half the length of the fore border ; veins tawny for half the 
length from the base, black from thence to the tips. $ has the abdo- 
men much longer than the thorax. Body long 36 — 40 ; exp. teg. 117 — 118 
millims. 

76. Cryptottmpana (?) invarians. Walker. 
Fidicina invarians, Walker, Ins. Saund. Horn. p. 11 (1858). 

? . Black : wings vitreous, black at the base ; veins reddish, part- 
ly black along the costa : tegmina with the fii-st and second transverse 
veins black, very oblique, first very slightly clouded, the third and fourth 
undulating {Walker). Body long 37^ ; teg., 109 millims. 

Reported from India. 

77. CRTPTOTTMrAXA FACIALIS, Walker. 
Cicada facialis, Walker, List Horn. B. M. Suppt. p. 30 (1858). 

$ . Black, slightly clothed with pale golden pubescence on the 
borders of the segments : head with a luteous spot on each side in front 
between the eyes ; face with a luteous stripe, its lateral margins 
testaceous : abdomen with 2-3 slight tawny bands in the middle beneath : 
legs partly tawny, tegmina and wings vitreous, black at the base ; veins 
tawny, black at the tips, first and second transverse veins slightly clouded 
with black {Wallcer). Body long 37—38 ; exp. teg. 100—101 millims. 

Reported fi*om Siam. 

78. Cryptottmpana fumipennis. Walker. 

Fidicina fwmipennis, Walker, List Horn. B. M. Suppt. p. 17 (1858). 

cf . Black : a streak on the head on each side before and behind, 
and an undulating streak on each side of the pi^onotum, fei'ruginous : 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhvnchota. 187 

head here and there tawny pubescent : pronotum with a median stripe 
and hind border, tawny, the latter edged black : mesonotum with four 
tawny stripes, inner pair short, outer pair partly ferruginous : abdomen 
with a broad tawny stripe on each side at the tip : opercula acute, slightly 
falcate, extending to half the length of the abdomen, broadly tawny 
along the exterior side : legs partly tawny : tegmina and wings nearly 
vitreous in the middle, green towards the base, brown about the tips 
and along the external margin ; veins green, black towards the tips ; first 
and second transverse veins on the tegmina clouded dark brown 
(Walker). Body long, 22 : exp. teg. 121 — 122 millims. 
Reported from Siam. 

Genus TiBiCEN, Latreille, Stal. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 231. 

Body oblong : head varying in breadth, rarely broader tlian the 
artterior margin of the thorax ; frons slightly or moderately convex, 
occupying not more than half of the breadth of the face, furiaislied with 
a longitudinal groove : clypeus subacuminated at the apex or slio-htly 
truncated : rostrum short or moderate : ocelli remote from the base of 
the head : sides of thorax rarely a little dilated, very often convex, am- 
plified posteriorly : costal margin of the tegmina not or towards the 
base only a little dilated, ulnar veins very often entirely distant, never 
contiguous ; eight apical areas, first apical area extended farther for- 
wards than the second : tympana entirely visible : anterior margin of 
the posterior part of the first dorsal segment of the abdomen not ampli- 
fied in a lobe, straight : last ventral segment in ? deeply and broadly 
emai'ginated : opercula small or moderate, not valvate, rarely contigu- 
ous : first pair of femora spinose beneath {Stal). In Hem. Afric. iv, p. 
26 (1866), Stal distributes the African species of this genus amongst the 
subgenera, Abricta, Abroma, Quintilia, and Epora, to which, in 1870, he 
added Nelcynda. The Indian species T. brunneus, Fabr., belongs to the 
subgenus Abricta and T. apicalis, Germar, to Abroma. 

79. TiBiCEN AURENGZEBE, Distant. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 231, no. 83. 
d . Body above dull ochraceous. Head with the front margined 
anteriorly by two narrow black sti-ise ; ocelli narrowly margined with 
black ; eyes pale ochraceous : pronotum with a central longitudinal sul- 
cation, bordered with a small fuscous spot on each side at the anterior 
margin, starting from a wide, transverse, and somewhat raised base, on 
the middle of which is a fuscous spot ; oblique striae narrowly fuscous ; 



188 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rlijncliota. [No. 2, 

lateral anterior and posterior margins mnch paler : mesonotum with 
two short obconical median fuscous spots and a large sublateral and 
somewhat broken fascia of the same colour on each side : abdomen with 
the posterior segmental margins narrowly and obscurely paler. Body 
beneath concolorous ; middle of the face, metasternum, disc and apex of 
the abdomen, fuscous : legs concolorous, femora streaked with fuscous ; 
bases and apices of tibitB, and apical points of tarsi, also fuscous. Teg- 
mina and wings pale hyaline and talc-like ; tegmina with costal and 
basal half of venation ochraceous, remainder fuscous ; transverse veins 
at the bases of the second and third apical areas infuscated. Width of 
head, between the outer margins of the eyes, rather less than that of the 
pronotum at the base ; pronotum a little more than twice as broad as 
long ; face with the base much elevated, somewhat narrowing to the 
apex, distinctly longitudinally sulcated, and strongly transversely striate : 
rostrum about reaching the posterior coxjb, with the apex pitchy ; 
opercula slender, curved inwardly, but not meeting at the base or apex 
(Distant). Long. 18 : exp. tegm. 48 millims. 

80. TiBiCEN APiCALis, Germar. 
J. A. S. B. liii (2), p. 231 no. 84 : liv (2), p. 117. 
9 . Head somewhat broader than the base of the thorax, black, 
frons tumid, basal spot ferruginous : thorax anteriorly much narrower 
than the head, sides obtuse, slightly converging backwards, posteriorly 
abruptly amplified, posterior limbus narrow ; upper apical segment in ? 
with two black stripes. Very near T. hrunneas, Fabr., but differs in 
beino- smaller, head broader, frons much more tumid, sides of thorax 
slifJ^htly converging backwards, and in the markings. In the form and 
structure of the tegmina, abdomen, and spine of posterior trochanters, it 
agrees with T. hrunneus (Stdl). 

81. TiBiCEN SUBVITTA, Walker. 
J. A. S. B. liii (2), p. 230, nos. 71, 73 : liv (2), p. 117. 
cf. Body black, scarcely pubescent: a small tawny spot on the 
vertex between the ocelli and the hind border : rostrum and antennse 
black the former reaching the intermediate coxge : pronotum with a 
slender tawny stripe extending from the fore to the hind border : abdo- 
men obconical, piceous, tawny at the tip, beneath ferruginous and tawny 
towards the tip ; [drums large, pale brown and opercula tawny ?J : 
leo-s black ; femora striped red ; claws and hind feet tawny ; femora 
with three tawny teeth, of which one is very long and two are of 
moderate size ; hind tibisB tawny towards the tips : tegmina and wings 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. 189 

colourless, whitish aud tinged with red at the base, veins pale tawny, 
black towards the tips : basal cell and adjoining veins clouded brown : 
tegmina with two oblique dark brown bauds, the first interrupted, the 
second occupying the transverse veins, but not reaching the hind border ; 
a small dark brown spot on the tips of the fore border ; a row of pale 
brown spots occupies the tips of the veins of the apical areas ; fore 
membranes whitish : wings with a broad, interrupted oblique brown 
band which communicates here and there with the base along the hor- 
de is of the veins ; flaps colourless, brown along the fore border and 
towards the base, where they are whitish ; veins tawny ; black towards 
the tips. 

82. TiBiCEN PUSiLLUS, Fabricius. 

Tettigonia pusilla, Fabr., Syst. Ehyng. j). 44 (1803). 
Cicada pusilla, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 229 (1850). 

Small : thorax flavescent ; the anterior lobe, a pale dorsal line, and 
email impressed lines, black, the posterior lobe with four dull black spots 
at the base, the lateral ones largest: abdomen flavescent, segments black 
at the base : wings hyaline, costa flavescent : feet flavescent (Fabr.). 

Reported from Amboina, India. 

83. TiBiCEN (?) NANA, Walker. 
Cicada nana, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 202 (1850). 

d . Body tawny : vertex ferruginous, piceous on each side ; face 
with two piceous stripes in front : rostrum dark tawny, tip black, reach- 
ing the intermediate coxoe : antennfe tawny : pronotum ferrnginous with 
a very large triangular black mark on each side : opercula of moderate 
size, rather less than one-third of the length of the abdomen : legs 
tawny ; claws black ; femora with three tawny teeth : tegmina and 
wings colourless ; veins tawny, black along the hind borders of the 
tegmina. Long, 12| ; exp. teg. 29—30 millims. 

Reported from China. 

Genus MoGANNiA, Amyot & Serville. 
J. A. S. B. liii, p. 232. 

Body elongate : head small ; frons conically produced : eyes small 
scarcely prominulous : tegmina large and broad, their basal half coria- 
ceous, more or less transparent, up to a transverse elevated line beyond 
which, and the wings, hyaline ; costal margin of the tegmina somewhat 
straight before the middle, the second apical area extended forwards to 



190 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on- Indian Rliynchota. [No. 2, 

a less distauce tlian tlae first : abdomen stout, inflated, broader than the 
thorax, a little compressed on its upper sui'face on both sides, so as to 
form a kind of ridge (J.. ^^ 8., Stdl). 

84. MOGANNIA CONICA, Germar. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 232, nos. 85 (M. iUustrata), 86 (M. recta) ; liy, (2), p. 117 : 
inclades also Cephaloxys hemelijtra, Signoret, A. S. E. F. (2 ser.) v, p. 295 ; Mogannia 
ignifera, Walker, List Horn. B. M. i, p. 249 (1850), from Java, and Mogannia 
avicula, Walker, 1. c. p. 249 (1850), from Java and the Philippines. 

c?. Ferruginous : abdomen with a red band on the posterior mar- 
gin of each segment : tegmina and wings vitreous, red at the base, 
veins tawny ; the tegmina tawny for more than one-third of the length 
from the base and haviag a brown upright band dividing the tawny 
from the vitreous part ; the wings brown along the basal part of the 
hind border (M. recta, Walker). 

85. Mogannia obliqua, Walker. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 232, no. 87. 

? . Green, mostly reddish beneath : head black along the hind 
border : pronotum with some testaceous marks and a black stripe dilated 
backwards : mesonotum with some testaceous marks and a black stripe 
dilated before and behind : abdomen reddish with a spot on each side 
near the base and a short band hind ward of pale sericeous pile, two 
green bands near the tip : legs piceous ; posterior tibiae and tarsi pale 
green : tegmina and wings vitreous, red at the base, veins green black 
towards 'the tips ; the tegmina have a red costa, a brown band exteud- 
ino- from the tip of the front areolet obliquely to the hind border, whence 
it is continued obliquely towards the base of the wing ( Walker) . 

86. Mogannia venustissima, St&l. 

J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 232, no. 88. 
d' ?. Cferulean or brassy black, sordid flavescent-sericeous : teg- 
mina before the middle and the wings sordid hyaline ; the tegmina veined 
sordid straw-colour, before the middle black, at the base pale sangui- 
neous • the wings veined fuscous, sanguineous at the base. 

Var. a. Basal spot on frons and oblong median spot on the thorax, 
sanguineous. 

Var. b. Entire froiis, median streak on the thorax contracted in 
the middle, also veins and band on the black part of the tegmina, weak 
sano-uineous-flavescent ; abdomen varying into ferruginous (Stdl). 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— m^e5 o?i Indian Rliynchota. 191 

87. MOGANNIA FDNEBRIS, Stil. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 232, no. 89. 

? . Aenescent-black, fuscous, pilosulous : tegmina and wino-g vitre- 
ous, the former black before the middle, basal area and a baud at tie apex 
of the black part, sordid lutescent {8tal). 

88. MoGANNiA INDICANS, Walker. 
J. A. S. B. Uii, (2), p. 232, no. 90. 

$ . Bodj bright or very dark red : rostrum black reaching the 
intermediate coxaj : antennae yellow, black at the base : a very large 
dark ferruginous spot on each side of the fore-chest : mesouotum with a 
broad, obconical, oblique, black stripe on each side, the margins of which 
are also black : pectus black : abdomen blackish towards the base, tip 
with a black horn : legs black, pilose : coxse and posterior femora mark- 
ed with red : tegmina and wings colourless, tawny at the base ; the 
tegmina with a broad brown band which includes a very irregular yellow 
band ; veins yellow, tawny at the base. ? . Body nearly all black ; a 
colourless spot on the base of the brown band of the tegmina (Walker). 

89. MoGANNiA (?) LocusTA, Walker. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 233, no. 91. 

$ . Body ferruginous, pale tawny beneath : two small black spots 
between the ocelli : rostrum pale tawny, tijD piceous, reaching the inter- 
mediate cosiB : antennte tawny : anterior lobe of the pronotum with two 
slender black stripes which slightly converge from the foi'e border and 
then slightly diverging include a nearly circular space and are united on 
the hind border, a small black spot on each side in front ; posterior lobe 
tawny : mesonotum with three slender black stripes, the side pair slight- 
ly converging towards the tip of the middle one, sides and hind border 
tawny, pale yellow sericeous : abdomen pale tawny, with a very broad 
dorsal ferruginous stripe extending from the base to the narrow part, a 
row of small piceous spots along each side ; last segment piceous above 
at the base, horn tawny, rather long ; sheaths pale tawny, piceous and 
pilose towards the tips, and extending some distance beyond the tip of 
the abdomen ; oviduct ferruginous, black and serrated at the tip : legs 
pale tawny ; first femora with three tawny teeth, of which one is very 
small : tegmina colourless, basal cell, costal margin, and veins pale 
tawny ; wings colourless, in both fore membranes pale buff, flaps pale 
buff at the base and for a space along the hind border. 
25 



1^2 E. T. Atkineon — Notes on hidian Rhyncliota. [No. 2, 

90. MoGANNiA (?) LACTEiPENNis, Walker. 
J. A. S. B. liii, (2), p. 233, no. 92. 

d. Body luteous, palely pilose : head black, a small tawny spot at 
tlie base of each autenna ; a large tawny spot on each side of the face : 
rostram black, tawny at the base ; anteunre black : a black band along 
the fore border of the posterior lobe of the pronotum : mesonotum with 
four black obconical marks, median pair not more than half the length of 
the lateral pair, between the former there is a black stripe increasing in 
breadth from the fore border to the middle where it ceases : abdomen 
black, posterior dorsal margins of segmeats taway, a tawny spot on each 
side near the tip which is tawny : drums tawny, small, open, furrows 
hoary ; opercula very small : legs luteous, a piceous spot at the tip of each 
tibia ; tips of claws, black ; first femora with two stout teeth which are 
partly black at the base : tegmiua and wings white, opaque, luteous at 
the base ; veins black, taway towards the base and near tiie stigma. 

91. MoGANNiA HEBES, Walker. 
Cephaloxys hehes, Walker, Lisb Horn. B. M. Suppt. p. 38 (1858). 

<f . Testaceous : pronotum blackish with a stripe and the border, 
testaceous ; mesonotum with four blackish obconical stripes, the inner 
pair very short : two black spots on each of the second and third seg- 
ments of the abdomen : opercula oblique, elongate-conical : tegmina and 
wings vitreous, veins pale green, black at the tips. Body long, 16| ; 
exp. teg. 42 millims. 

Reported from N. China. 

92. MoGANNIA NASALIS, White. 

Moga7inia nasalis, White, A. M. N. H. xiv, p. 426 (1844) ; Walkei-, List Horn. 
B. M. i, p. 248(1850). 

Head, thorax, and body finely yellowish-brown sericeous, especially 
above: near the base of the tegmina is a broad transverse band (widest 
interiorly) of a glossy yellowish hue, darker on the borders, veins green- 
ish, base and tip quite clear : wings with the veins obscure, inner edge 
reddish : pronotum with two large rounded spots, one on each side ; the 
margin and a line through each spot, deeply impressed : hind tibi^ hairy 
behind with three longish spines on the apical half (White), Long, 22 
millims. 

Reported from Hong-kong. 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— Notes on Indian Rhyucliota. 193 

93. MoGANNIA CHINENSIS, Stal. 
Mogannia chineiisis, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh., p. 155 (1865). 

■ d" . Black, remotely golden-yellow sericeous : a streak and the api- 
cal part of tlie dorsum of the abdomen, densely sericeous : the tegmiua 
and wings vitreous ; veins fuscous ; a broad, oblique, sordid stramineous 
band on the tegmina before the middle, anteriorly and posteriorly the band 
often interrupted and with a fuscous end : tibiae and the po.sterior tarsi 
yellow- whitish ; intermediate tibiae at the base and apex and the last pair 
at the base, black : venter ferruginous. Very like ill. nasalis, White, 
differs in the larger size, the colour of the posterior tibiae, and iu the lateral 
processes of the upper anal segment iu d being longer (Stdl). Long, 
18 ; exp. teg. 40 millims. 

Reported fi-om N. China. 

94. COSMOSCARTA SIAMENSIS, Butler. 

Cos7noscarta siamensis, Batler, Cist. Ent. i, p. 245, t. viii, f . 1 (1874) ; J. A. S. B. 
iv (2), p. 23 (1885). 

Allied to G. tricolor, St. Farg., but in the form of the thorax more 
like G. divisa, Walker. Head and thorax, basi-costal third of corium, and 
basal part of the clavus reddish- testaceous : wings pale fuscous, the 
basi-costal veins and the base, reddish : abdomen above and beneath 
blue-black : pectus and legs, piceous ; hind tibias with a strong spine. 
A variety has the basal third of the tegmina reddish-testaceous {B idler). 
Long, 18 ; exp. teg. 42 millims. 

Reported from Cambodia. 

95. COSMOSCAETA RUGULOSA, Walker. 

Cercopis rugulosa, Walker, J. Linn. S. Zool. i, p. 95 (1856), p. 105 (1857). 
Cosmoscarta rugulosa, Butler, Cist. Ent. i, p. 249 (1874). 

Black, shining ; ferruginous beneath : abdominal margins and the 
legs red : a blackish baud on each femur : tegmina rugulose ( Walker) . 
Long, 10| ; teg. 29^ millims. 

Reported from Singa|)ore, Borneo. 

96. Cosmoscarta malaya, Stal. 
Cercopis malaya, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh., p. 147 (1865). 
(5" . Black- violaceous, sparingly puberulous, tegmina and feet black- 
ish : two smallish spots on the corium behind the middle, one placed at 
the costa, the other obliquely behind it, also two very minute obsolete 
spots of which one is at the apex of the clavus and the other behind the 



194 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 2, 

middle of the costal margin, red. Tliorax fairly densely and finely 
punctured, truncated at the base before the scutellum, margins (anterior 
excepted) reflexed, lateral angles obtusely rounded : scutellum im- 
pressed before the middle : tegmina very densely punctulate, scarcely 
narrowed towards the apex : mesostethium rather distinctly bitubercu- 
late, posterior margin not elevated before the coxee {Stdl). Long, 8; 
exp. teg., 23 millims. 

Reported from Malacca. 

97. CosMOSCARTA HEROS, Fabricius. 

Cercopis heros, Fabr., Syst. Rhyng. p. 89 (1803) : Stoll, Gig. p. 104, t. 27, f. 
149. (1788) : Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Fork. p. 492 (1862) : Walker, List Horn. B. M. 
iii, p. 654 (1851). 

Cercopis ahdominalis, Westwood in Donovan's Ins. China, p. 39, 1. 16, f. 5 (1843) : 
Walker, 1. o. p. 654 (1851) : J. Linn. S. Zool. x, p. 286 (1867). 

Cosmosearta heros, Stal, Hem. Fabr. ii, p. 11 (1869) ; Butler, Cist. Ent.,i, p. 2 54 
(1874). 

c? , 9 . Black, shining : head very obtuse and almost globose : 
thorax gibbous, dull black, spotless : tegmina dull black, the base and 
a median band, orange-fulvous: abdomen red {Fabr.). Long with 
teg., 16 ; breadth of thorax, 6| millims. 

Reported from Hong-Kong. 

98. CosMOSCARTA DiscREPANS, Walker. 
Cercopis discrepans, Walker, J. Linn. S. Zool. i, p. 95 (1856). 

Blackish-purple, black beneath : tegmina black with an elongated 
red spot which is contracted in the middle and occasionally interrupted 
(Walker). Long, 6— 7| ; teg. 17—19 millims. 

Reported from Singapore. 

99. CosMOSCARTA UNiFASciA, Walker. 
Cercopis unifascia, Walker, J. Linn. S. Zool. i, p. 95 (1856). 

Red : thorax dilated on each side : disc of the pectus black : tegmi- 
na with a black band across the middle : wings hyaline ( WalJcer) . Lono-, 
12| ; teg. 25 millims. 

Reported from Singapore. 

100. CosMOSCARTA FULViCEPS, Dallas, 

Cercopis fulviceps, Dallas, Trans. Ent. Soc. (n. s.) i, p. 10 (1830). 

. Head and thorax bright orange, shining : tegmina reddish 
black, somewhat obscure, outer margins pitchy red : wings brownish ; 



1886.] E. T. Afkiuson— Notes on Indian Rhynchota. 195 

abdomen beneath black, sinning; pectus, legs, and rostrum pitchy. 
Long, 22 millims. 

Reported from Sikkim. 

101. COSMOSCARTA DIMIDIATA, Dallas. 
Cercopis dimidiata, Dallas, Trans. Eiit. Soc. (n. s.) i, p. 11 (1850). 
$ . Head black ; eyes pale brown, ocelli yellowish- white : thorax 
very thickly and finely punctured, with its posterior half and a trans- 
verse quadrangular patch on the anterior margin black ; the remainder 
bright red ; scutellum black : tegmiua bright red, with three broad irre- 
gular black transverse bands, the first of which rises at the apex of the 
Bcutellum, the second a little behind the middle, and the third forms a 
broad black margin around the apex : body beneath black, shining ; legs 
and rostrum pitchy (Dallas). Long 15 millims. 
Reported from Sikkim. 
To the above may be added : — 

C. pulchella, Butler, Cist. Ent. i, p. 254 (1874). Laos. 

C. exultans, Walker, List Horn. B. M. Sappt. p. 171 (1858). N. China. 

C. himacula, Walker, 1. o. iii, p. 656 (1851). China. 

C. rotundata, Walker, 1. c, Snppt. p. 174 (1858). Laos. 

C. pellucida, Butler, Cist. Ent. i, p. 262 (1874). Laos. 

C. Distanti, Butler, P. Z. S. p. 672 (1874). Penang. 

102. Phtmatostetha pddica, Walker. 
J. A. S. B. liv (2), p. 15, (1885). 

Tawny, black beneath : pronotum with a black mark in front, divid- 
ed by a testaceous stripe and having on each side of it a testaceous spot ; 
scutellum black with a testaceous stri pe abdomen cupreous-black, tes- 
taceous at the base and with a row of testaceous spots on each side be- 
neath : legs testaceous, tips of femora, black ; tibiee black with a testa- 
ceous band near the tip : tegmina brown with a testaceous undulating 
basal subcostal streak and with two testaceous bands which have black 
borders in front ; the first band at one-third of the length, composed of 
three spots, the second band at two- thirds of the length, entire, attenua- 
ted before the middle ; tips testaceous : wings pale brown, i-osy at the 
base ( Walker). Body long, 15 — 16 ; teg. 35 — 36 millims. 

Reported from Silhat. 

To this add the following : — 

P. seinele, Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A. Forh. p. 151 (1865). Malacca, Laos. 

P. triseriata, Butler, Cist. Ent. i, p. 267 (1874). Laos. 

P. dislocata, Walker, J. Linn. S. Zool. i, p. 95 (1856). Malacca, 



196 E. T. Atkinson — Notes 07i Indian Rliynchota. [No. 2, 

P. horneensis, Butler, 1. c. -p. 268 (1874). Malacca, Ligor, Borneo. 
P. 7iijmplia, Stal, 1. c. p. 150 (1865). Malacca. 
Colsa costcestriga, Walker, 1. c. p. 96, t. iv, f. i (1856). Malacca. 

103. Pttelus (?) iNTEGEATUS, Walker. 
Ptyelus integratus, Walker, Ins. Sannd. Horn. p. 94 (1858). 

Dark testaceous : head with a broad stripe beneath, abdomen in the 
middle, coxte, streaks on femora and hind tibias, blackish : tegmina testa- 
ceous slightl}^ darker towards the base ; wings vitreous (Walker). Body 
long, 7| ; teg. 16 — 17 millims. 

Reported from India. 

To this add the following : — 

? P. bipars, Walker, J. Linn. S. Zool. i, p. 96 (1856). Singapore. 
? P. immutatus, Walker, 1. c, p. 96 (1856). Singapore. 

Add the following to the genus Cloyia. 

C. mulHlineata, Ptyelus id., Stal, Of vers. K. V.-A. Fork., p. 154 (1865). N. 
China. 

C. malaya, Ptyehis id., Stal, 1. c. p. 153 (1865). Ligor, Malacca, China. 

C. punctum, Walker, J. A. S. B, liv (2), p. 115 includes apparently Ptyelus 
orientalis, Stal, Freg. Eug. Eesa, Hem., p. 287 (1859). 

Add to the genus Mach^eota. 
M. punctato-nervosa, Signoret, A. S. E.F. (5 ser.) ix, p. xlix (1879). China. 

104. Membracis fuscata, Fabricius. 

J. A. S. B. liv, (2), p. 79, no. 5. 

Thorax foliaceous, rounded, fuscous ; with a slender streak before 
the anterior margin and a broader band before the apex, white : apex 
acute, black : tegmina fuscous (Fabr.), 

105. Leptobelus SCUTELLARIS, Fabricius. 

J. A. S. B. liv, (2), p. 83, no. 12. 

Head black : thorax with two, fiat, robust, acute horns, produced 
posteriorly, subulate, entirely black with a broad snow-white, posterior 
band : wings deflexed, fuscous : costa a little white at the base : body- 
fuscous (Fahr.). 

106. Centrottpus oneratus, Walker. 

Centrotus oneratus. Walker, Ins. Saund. Horn. p. 78 (1858). 

Tawny : pronotum pubescent, moderately high, minutely punctured ; 
lateral horns lanceolate, very broad, rather flat, directly diverging. 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on huUan Rhynchota. 197 

obliquely ascending, with a slight ridge, near the hind side of each ; 
posterior horn ridged, straight, very slender, acute at the tip, extending 
a little beyond the abdomen : abdomen greyish ferruginous with black 
points, except along the hind borders of the segments : legs tawny : 
tegmina tinged slightly testaceous, veins testaceous ; wings vitreous, 
veins black {Walker). Body long 4^ ; teg. 10|- millims. 
Reported from India. 

To this add :— 

Centrotypus longicornis, Vnillefroy, A. S. E. F. (4 ser.) iv, p. 142, fc. 1, f. 8 
(1864). Malacca. 

107. Centrotus (?) FLEXicoRNE, Walker. 

Centrotus jlexicorne, Walker, Ins. Saund. Horn. p. 78 (1858). 

Black : pronotum pubescent, moderately high, very slightly ridged : 
lateral horns long, acute, diverging, obliquely ascending, slightly inclin- 
ed backward, mucli curved, with a ridge near the hind border ; posterior 
horn slender, ridged : femora black : tegmina tinged slightly lurid, taw- 
ny at the base, costa black towards the tip, veins testaceous ; wings 
vitreous (Walker). Body long, 6^ ; teg. 12| millims. 

Reported from N. India. 

108. Centrotus (?) obliquus. Walker. 

Centrotus ohliquus, Walker, Ins. Saund. Horn. p. 79 (1858). 

Ferruginous very pubescent : pronotum rather high, somewhat sca- 
brous, slightly ridged : lateral horns horizontal, moderately long, diverg- 
ing, very slightly curved backward ; posterior horn ridged, very slender, 
black except towards the base which is much above the abdomen, conti- 
guous to the abdomen and hardly extending beyond it at the tip : legs 
tawny, femora black: tegmina iav^nj {Walker). Body long, 2j ; teg. 
lOi^ millims. 

Reported from India. 

109. Centrotus (?) congestus. Walker. 

Centrotus congestus, Walker, Ins. Saund. Horn. p. 79 (1858). 
Black, stout, short : pronotum pubescent, rather high, flat above : 
lateral horns stout, elongate-conical, directly diverging, obliquely ascend- 
ing ; posterior horn ridged, lanceolate, reaching almost to two-thirds the 
length of the abdomen : legs tawny ; femora black: tegmina tinged slight- 
ly grey, a brown mark at the tip of the costa, veins tawny {Walker). 
Body long, 3| : teg., 7i millims. 



198 E. T. Atkinson — Notes 07i Indian Rhyuchota. [No. 2, 

Reported from India. This is entirely different from the species 
described by Walker under the same name in J. L. S. Zool. x, p. 187 
(1867) from Sula. 

110. Centrotus (?) GiBBOSULUS, Walker. 
Centrotus gihhosulus, Walker, Ins. Saund. Horn. p. 80 (1858). 

Ferruginous, stout, short : head and pronotum pubescent, the latter 
oblique above the head : lateral horns conical, diverging, extremely 
short, hardly ascending and curved backwards ; posterior horn ridged, 
lanceolate, black towards the tip, i^eaching to three-fourths of the length 
of the abdomen which is black : legs tawny, femora black, tegmina 
hardly tinged, brown at the base, veins tawny (Walker). Body, long 
3i ; teg., 6| millims. 

Reported from India. This species is entirely distinct from the 
species described under the same name by Walker in J. L. S. Zool. x, 
p. 187 (1867) and which should be renamed G. ivalkeri. 

To these add : — 

p Centrotus laminifer, Walker, J. Linn. S. Zool. i, p. 93 (1856). Singapore. 

? C. caliginosus, Walker, 1. c. p. 93. Malacca. 

? G. semivitreus, Walker, 1. c. p. 94. Singapore. 

? C. semifascia, Walker, 1. c. p. 94. Malacca. 

? Micreune formidanda, Walker, 1. c. p. 94. Singapore. 

Sipylus crassulus, Centrotus id., Sfcal. Freg. Bug. Resa, p. 285 (1859). Malacca. 

Tricentrus fairmairei, Centrotus id., Stal, 1. c, p. 284 (1859). Malacca. 

Gargara malaya, Centrotus id., Stal, 1. c, p. 285 (1859). Malacca. 

To Genus Ledra, and following add : — 

Ledra auditura. Walker, List Horn. B. M. Suppt. p. 249 (1858). Hong-kong. 

L. quadricarina, Walker, 1. c, p. 249 (1858). Hong-kong. 

Tituria nigromarginata, Petalocephala id., Stal, Ofvers. K. V.-A., Forh., p. 158 
(1865). Malacca. 

? Ledra culteUifera, Walker, J. Linn. S. Zool. i, p. 98 (1856). Singapore. 

? Ledra conifera, Walker, 1. c, p. 98 (1856). Singapore. 

? Ledra nigrilinea. Walker, 1. c, p. 98 (1856). Singapore. 

? Acocephalus olivaceus, Walker, List Horn. B. M. iii, p. 846 (1851). Malacca, 
Philippines. 

? Ccelidia guttiveyia and punctivena, Walker, J. Linn. S. Zool. i, p. 99 (1856). 
Malacca. 

111. Tettigonia albidicans, Walker. 

Tettigonia alhidicans. Walker, Ins. Saund. Horn. p. 96. (1858). 

Whitish testaceous : a dot on the vertex, stripe on frons, ti-iangular 
spot on face, two spots on posterior margin of the pronotum and one on 
the anterior margin, a spot on the scutellura, disc of the pectus, abdomen, 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— iVofes on hidian Rhynchota. 199 

tip of femora, tibia; and tarsi and dots on the veins of the tegmina near 
the tips, black : posterior margins of the abdominal segments and the 
tip, testaceous : wings blackish lurid towards the tips and along the 
interior border {Walker). Body long, 10| : teg. 21 millims. 
Reported from Silhat. 

112. Btthoscopus (?) PDNCTiFER, Walker. 
Bythoscopus punctifer, Walker, Ins. Saund. Horn. p. 104 (1858). 
Dull testaceous, stout, very minutely speckled black : a dot on each 
side beneath at the base of the antennse, the abdomen above and tips 
of hind femora, black : tegmina testaceous, veins pale, punctured black ; 
wings vitreous dark brownish grey (Walker). Body long, 4| ; teg., 10| 
millims. 

Reported from India. 
To these add : — 

Tettigonia tripars, Walker, J. Linn. S. Zool. i, p. 97 (1856). Malacca. 

T. suavissima, Walker, 1. o., p. 97 (1856). Singapore, Borneo. 

T. jocosa, Walker, 1. c. p. 97 (1856). Mount Ophir. 

T. suturella, Stal, 1. c, p. 288 (1859). Malacca. 

Jassus (Thamnotettix) sinw, Stal, 1. c, p. 293 (1859). Hong-kong, 

J. (Thamn.) alacer, Stal, 1. c, p. 293 (1859). Hong-kong. 

113. FuLGOBA NiGRiROSTRis, Walker. 

notinus nigrirostris, Walker, Ins. Satind. Horn. p. 28 (1858). 
Fulgora nigrirostris, Butler, P. Z. S. p. 98 (1874). 

Orange : head black, ascending, as long as the body, green beneath, 
with orange streaks on each side by the eyes : thorax with a broad 
stripe, pronotum with a band on each side, mesonotum with a streak and 
three dots on each side and the anterior tibiae, black : tegmina black, very 
closely reticulated orange and with six orange bands, the first and third 
bands regular, second slightly dislocated hindward where it sometimes 
joins the third, fourth formed of three small widely separate dots, fifth 
of 4-5 large spots usually confluent, sixth very irregular of 3-5 spots and 
dots of vaiious size : wings with the apical third black ( Walker) . Body 
long, 36—44 ; teg. 63—75 millims. 

Reported from India ?, Pachebon (Siam). Distinguished from 
jF. viridirostris by its brighter orange colour, by its longer head, and by 
its tegmina, which are more regular and not bordered white. 

114. Fulgora ducalis, Stal. 

Eotinus ducalis, Stal, Trans. Ent. Soc. (3 ser.) i, p. 576 (1863). 
cT, $. Testaceous : feet more obscure ; tibisa, tarsi, antenna, and 
venter blackish : tegmina sordid viresceiit-whitisb, black-fuscous to- 
26 



200 PI T. Atkinson— Notes on Ivdian Rhyncliota. [No. 2, 

wards the apex, veins virescent ; three transverse rows of spots 
before the middle ; a broad band behind the middle ; some small spots, 
girdled white, placed beliind the band, the veins green ; apical part 
sparingly sprinkled with small whitish dots : wings whitish-green, apical 
part, black : cephalic process very long, gradually compressly narrowed 
to the apex, moderately curved. In stature similar to F. candelaria, 
Linn., cephalic process longer and, seen from the side, broader, frontal 
ridges more distinct (Sfdl). Long, 42 — 46 ; exp. teg. 80 — 94 millims. 
Reported from Cambodia. 

115. FULGORA CiELESTINA, Stal. 
Hotinus ccdestinus, Stal, Trans. Ent. Soc. (3 ser.) i, p. 576 (1863). 

? . Weak greeu-olivaceous, venter and feet black-fuscous : head 
obsciTrely fuscous-testaceous : tegmina pale sordid alliaceous with three 
virescent-veined, blackish bands, the first broad near the base, hardly 
visible except on the clavus, the second narrow, placed a little before the 
middle and very narrow in the middle, the third broad and with 
three pale virescent olivaceous spots, the apical part behind tliis 
band greyish-whitish sprinkled with pale- cinctured olivaceous spots ; the 
disc of the apical areas fuscous : wings of a beautiful azure, apical part 
black. Allied to F. ducalis, Stal, but the cephalic process is longer, fus- 
cous-testaceous, much curved. Head gradually compressly narrowed from 
the base towards the apex, a little longer than the body, not impressed 
above before the middle (Stal). Long, 41 : exp. teg. 90 millims. 

Reported from Cambodia. This species is very close to F. connec* 
tens, mihi, described from Tenasserim at p. 130 (1885). 

116. Pyrops nobilis, Westwood. 

FvJgora nohilis, Westwood, Trans. Linn. Soc. xviii, p. 146, t. 12, f . 10 (1841). 
Pyrops nohilis, Walker (escl. syn.), List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 268 (1851) ; J. Linn. S. 
Zool. p. 96 (1856). 

Head with a process which is straight, gradually attenuated, oblique- 
ly truncated at the apex, furnished with acute black tubercles arranged 
longitudinally in six rows, of which two are above, two beneath, and two 
lateral : eyes pale fuscous, a pale acute tubercle behind the eyes : anten- 
nae pale : rostrum scarcely reaching the lateral pair of feet ; head pro- 
and meso-notum and tegmina luteous greyish, slightly tinged virescent, 
sprinkled with minute black spots : metanotum and abdomen fulvous- 
fuscous, the latter with transverse black spots : tegmina with numerous 
larger fulvous dots : wings white, somewhat opaque ; veins pale, tinctur- 
ed virescent : feet concolorous, with black bands ; last pair of tibiae in- 
wards immaculate, externally punctured black ; tarsi luteous ; claws 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— .Vo/es on LuUan Rliyncliota. 201 

black (Wesho.). Body with cephalic process, long, 63 ; cephalic process, 
long, 25 ; exp. teg. 115^ millims. 

Reported from Malacca, Sumatra. P. javanensis, Distant, is closely 
allied to P. nobilis, West., from which it differs thus :— the prolongation 
of the head is not prominently and dentately spined as in P. nobilis, but 
only obtusely spined, thus giving the head a much more slender appear- 
ance, the spines in both species being arranged in six longitudinal rows, 
two above, two beneath, and one on each side : the black spotting is 
also much more minute and the colour of the dorsal surface of the abdo- 
men is different. P. mustelinics, Distant, also from Java, is alhed to P. 
punctatiis, Olivier, from which it differs by the much more prolonged head, 
the apex of which is not distinctly curved u.pwards, and which is also 
more spotted with black than in Olivier's species : the abdomen above 
is ochi'aceous and not black, &c. 

Genus Cynthila, Stal. 
Stettin Ent. Zeit. xsiv, p. 230 (1863). 

Head narrower than the thorax ; protuberance slender, porrect : 
frons m.uch narrowed towards the base with two obsolete paiuUel ridges ; 
vertex sinuated at the base, a little broader than the eyes, ridged longitu- 
dinally in the middle : second joint of the antennas subglobose : rostrum 
extending almost to the apex of the abdomen : thorax in the middle 
produced aiiterioid}' in an angle, longitudinally ridged in the middle, 
very broadly sinuated at the base : scutellum tricariuate : tegmina some- 
what narrow, scarcely amplified towards the apex, rounded at the apex 
with longitudinal veins rarely furcated, almost entirely transversely 
venulose : wings less ample, tegmina much shorter, posterior margin 
not sinuated, transverse veinlets remote : feet slender, last tibisa 5-spi- 
nose. Allied to JJlasia {Stal). 

117. Cynthila febocula, Stal. 

Cynthila ferocula, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit. sxiv, p. 230 (1863). 
d. Livid : here and there pale ferruginous : almost entire clypeus, 
the cephalic process, and the basal limbus of the abdominal segments, 
infuscate : very broad streak on the frons, dilated towards the apex, 
four small spots on the vertex, two longitudinal lines diverging back- 
wards, posteriorly abbreviated, also several small spots sprinkled over 
the thorax above and two spots on the same between the lateral ridges 
and a broad patch on the deflexed sides, minute spots scattered over the 
scutelhim, and bands and spots on the feet, black fuscous : last tibiae un- 
coloured : tegmina weakly ferruginous from the base to beyond the mid- 



202 E. T. Atkinson — Nutes on Indian Rhyncliota. [No. 2, 

die, opaque, sparingly sprinkled fuscous, apical part somewhat vinaceous, 
veined ferruginous sprinkled witli larger spots arranged in a longitudinal 
row and some minute spots, black fuscous : wings vitreous, veined fus- 
cous, infuscate at the base at the longitudinal veins. Close to G. apicalis, 
Westw., smaller, scarcely differing except in the shorter and more slen- 
der cephalic process, which is slender, not or scarcely thickened towards 
the apex, produced obliquely forwards and upwards, as long as the scu- 
tellum (Stdl.) Long inch ceph. jDrocess, 20 ; exp. teg. 48 millims. 
Reported from Ligor, Malacca. 

Genus SCAMANDRA, Stal. 

Stettin Ent. Zeit., xxiv, p. 232 (1863). 

Head not protuberant ; frons a little broader beneath than above the 
middle, with the lateral margins of both halves somewhat parallel, and 
einuated in the middle of the lower half, abruptly narrowed at the base 
and very slightly reflexed, not higher than the vertex, emitting from the 
base a small (mobile ?), cylindrical, furrowed corpuscule, reflexed above 
the anterior part of the vertex, furnished with two, sometimes obsolete, 
parallel ridges : thorax not i-idged in the middle : first pair of femora 
not or scarcely amplified above at the apex ; last pair of tibiee, with three 
spines, furnished above at the base with a tubercle, often much elevated 
and acute (Stdl). 

118. SCAMANDRA HECIJBA, Stal. 
Scamandra hecuha, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeifc., xxiv, p. 234 (1863). 

^ . Ochraceous, beneath more obscure : tegmina less obscurely sor- 
did subsanguineous, sprinkled with small fuscous spots which are some- 
times encircled pale, almost half the apical part fuscescent-ochraceous 
anteriorly rounded, veined pale and subsanguineous : wings purely and 
obscurely sanguineous, the base itself black-fuscous, posterior limbus 
narrowly whitish, apical part fuscescent-ochraceous, anal area at the 
base with a fairly large flavescent spot : feet blackish : dorsum of the 
abdomen weakly sordid testaceous-flavescent, anus sanguineous. Close to 
S. rosea, Gruerin, lateral margins of thorax more divergent, tegmina less 
broad near the apex, apex semicircularly not obtusely rounded ; the 
apical ochraceotis part of the tegmina is larger, anteriorly less distinctly 
not ending in a pale arch, remaining part without fuscous bands : wings 
scarcely whitish veined on the disc (Stdl). Body long, 23; exp. teg. 
74) millims. 

Reported from Ligor, Malacca. 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson— ^oi^es on Indian Rhynchota, 



203 



119. SCAMANDRA SEMELE, Stal. 
Scamandra semele, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit. xxiy, p. 235 (1863). 
&. Fawn-colour : basal two-thirds of the tegmina minutely, palely 
and sordidly sprinkled sanguineous, areolas of the apical part fuscescent 
in the middle : wings weak sordid sanguineous, base itself black-fuscous, 
spotted fuscous in the anterior area, posterior limbus whitish, spotted 
ochraceous, apical part fuscescent, veined ochraceous : abdomen sangui- 
neous, genitalia black : feet, especially the tibiae and tarsi, infuscate. 
Form of tegmina veiy distinct, they are amplified at the apex and rather 
obtusely rounded, costal margin straight, scarcely sinuated near the 
apex, commissural margin distinctly sinuated near the apex (Sidl). 
Body long, 13 ; exp. teg. 37 millims. 
Reported from Ligor, Malacca. 

120. Scamandra rosea, Guerin. 

Aphcena rosea, Guerin, Voy. Bel. Ind. Orient, p. 454, t. 3, f. 3 (1834) j Walker 
List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 274 (1851) : J. L. S. Zool. i. p. 84 (1858). 
Apheena saturata, Walker, J. Linn. S. Zool. i, p. 143 (1857). 
Scamandra rosea, Stal, Stettin Ent. Zeit. xxiv, p. 233 (1863). 

Head without a pi'olougation, with the thorax yellow turning into 
ferruginous : pronotum strongly lobed in the middle of its anterior bor- 
der, emarginate on its posterior border : tegmina yellow-ferruginous for 
two-thirds of their length, apical part saifron-yellow, a little browner on 
the margins : the reddish part is traversed by two oblique brown bands, 
of which the external is arched outwards with numerous small spots 
of the same colour between them : wings rosy turning into vermillion 
with yellow patches at the base and the tip ; the posterior margin with 
a white smear in the entire rosy space, where also are irregular strife 
more or less white : abdomen above and beneath vermillion-red with 
more yellowish transverse bands ; feet brown (Guerin). Body long, 
21 ; exp. teg. 65 millims. 

Reported from Java, Sumatra, Malacca, Singapore. 

121. Aphana farinosa, Fabricius. 

J. A. S. B. liv, (2), p. 142, no. 26. 

Head flat, dilated, obscurely ferruginous, with two farinose white 
spots : thorax ridged, obscurely ferruginous : tegmina white-farinose, at 
the base fuscous often varied ferruginous, at the apex fuscous hyaline : 
wings rufous at the base, punctured hyaline, black at the apex : body 
fuscous; abdomen flavescent (Fabr.). 



204 E, T. Atkinson— Notes on Indian Rhynchota. [No. 2, 

122. Aphana atomaeia, Fabricius. 

J. A. S. B. liv, (2), p. 143, no. 27. 

A little smaller than A. farinosa, Fabr., body dull black ; head and 
thorax flavescent, spotless, the latter carinate : tegmina white-farinose 
at the base, more obscure at the apex ; with two marginal spots, one at 
the narrow margin, the larger posterior : wings sanguineous with several 
white-hyaline and dull black spots, black at the apex {Fabr.). 

123. Euphria discolor, Guerin. 

Aphmna discolor, Gnerin, Voy. Bel. Ind. Orient., p. 452, t. 3, f. 2 (1834) : Spino- 
la, A. S. B. F. viii, p. 242 (1839) : Walker, List Horn. B. M. ii, p. 273 (1851) ; J. 
Linn. Soc. Zool. X, p. 96 (1867). 

Aphana blattoides, Walker, 1. c. Suppt. p. 46 (1858). 

Euphria discolor, Stal, Stettin Eut. Zeit. p. 232 (1863). 

Head red, oblong, flattened, seen from above little prominent ; frons 
rounded and produced in a small horn curved backwards and scarcely 
reaching the middle of the pronotum, compressed on the sides and 
grooved ; front of the head oblong, labrum elongate, broad in front, ending 
in a point and covering the base of the rostrum ; the rostrum is longer 
than the head, four-jointed, tip extending to and passing a little beyond 
the last pair of coxge : pronotum black, sinuate in front, finely bordered 
red, very slightly emarginate behind, about four times broader than long : 
mesonotum triangular, not so long as broad, almost twice as broad in 
the middle as the pronotum, ending posteriorly in an acute point ; it is 
black with a broad, transverse, rounded, red patch in the middle : the 
metanotum is not so broad and has several impressions and a smooth 
elevation in the middle ; it is blackish varied with red and has several 
white farinose patches : there is a small brown triangular piece at the 
base of the pronotum which covers the articulation of the tegmina ; the 
tegmina are oblong a little amplified at the apex ; two and half time 
longer than broad ; veins numerous, of a bright reddish brown especial- 
ly at the base ; marked with irregular black patches more numerous 
beyond the middle ; tip of safEron-yellovv passing gradually into red ; 
between the black patches and the red are large white farinose patches 
larger at the base and towards the side, which is also marked by large 
black patches or spots which become smaller towards the tip and form 
small patches which border the tegmina : wings black with the exterior 
border brovm and the internal margin near the abdomen pale and a lit- 
tle transparent ; they are marked with white rounded patches, farinose 
and thicker at the base : the abdomen above and beneath brown, orange- 
yellow towards the box'ders of the segments, covered above almost entire- 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyncliota. 205 

ly with a white powder similar to that on the wiuga : thorax beneath, 
femora and all the feet, red ; anterior tibia? and tarsi, black ; interme- 
diate pairs black outwards, reddish within, last pairs red with the tip 
and tarsi, black (Guerin). Long, body, 23 : exp. teg. 75 miUims. 
Reported from Sumatra, Java, Cochin- China. 

124. EuPHRiA CORNUTA, Fabricius. 

Lystra cormita, Fabr., Syst. Rhyng. p. 57 (1803) ; Germar in Thon'e Arch, ii, (2) 
p. 52 (1830) ; Gnerin, Voy. Bel. lucl. Orient, p. 452 (1831.). 

E. (CallidepsaJ cornuta, Stal, Hem. Fabr. ii, p. 87 (1868). 

cf . Sordid sangnineoiis-flavescent : tegmina broadly sano-nineons, 
sprinkled with numerous, here and there confluent, black spots, the very 
large disc behind the middle, black : wings and tibije sordid sangui- 
neous ; the tips of the tibise, tarsi, lateral margins of the thorax, and 
two lateral spots on the pectus, black : basal horn on the frons, erect 
gradually acuminated, slender, somewhat larger than the vertex and 
thorax together (Stdl). Body long, 22 ; exp. teg. 70millims. 

Reported from China. 

125. PoLTDiCTTA APH^^NOiDES, Walker. 
Chalia aphwnoides, Walker, Ins. Sannd. Horn. p. 31 (1858). 

d . Ferruginous : abdomen black with red bands : tegmina with 
the apical third part paler : wings with whitish reticulations along the 
interior border and about the interior angle (Walker) . Body long 12^ : 
teg. 37 — 38 millims. 

Reported from Penang. 



The present paper concludes this contribution to a * Eomopfera 
Indica ; for the families Psyllidee, Coccidce-, Aphididce, Aleurodidoe, &c. 
have practically been unworked in India, and whoever takes them up will 
probably have to ignore much that has been written about them. My 
object has been to provide those who may become interested in this order 
of insects with some guide to the classification and arrangement, and was 
at first devoted to the correction of our only English list, but this be- 
came so unsatisfactory that it was found better to revise the whole on 
the basis of Stal's numerous and elaborate essays. I have pi-eferred 
where possible to give only the original ^e'scriptions, but where Stal, Sig- 
noret, Butler, or Distant have redescribed a species, their descriptions 
are recorded. It would have been desirable to give a new description of 
many species, but knowing the fruitful source of confusion which identi- 



206 E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rlijncliota. [No. 2, 

fication without comparison with types has proved in the history of this 
order, I have translated or transcribed, with some omissions and addi- 
tions, the original descriptions, however unsatisfactory these were. 
This list of recorded species is, it is believed, tolerably complete, but we 
have not in our Indian Museum examples of even a moiety of those 
given, and I would now endeavour to enlist the efforts of observers in 
India to complete the series. The number of species here described 
under each family is as follows : — 

Cicadidce, 115 

Cerco^idce 67 

Memhracidce, 33 

Jassidce, 38 

Fulgoridoe, 204—457 
These with the species indicated as likely to exist but not described 
bring up the number to close on 500. These figures could probably be 
doubled in a few years, for the number of Jassidce alone awaiting 
examination should add several hundred species to our Indian fauna. 




1886.] 



E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyncliota, 



207 



INDEX. 

This index is to the six papers on Indian Honioptera of which 
one appeared in 1884 (Vol. lii), three in 1885, and the remainder in 
1886. Tlje names of genera are given in capitals, and those generic 
and specific names which have been sunk or have otherwise fallen out 
of use are in italics. 



A. 

ACANTHOPHTES, liv, 84. 

capra, liv, 84. 

ACHILINA, Iv, 36. 
ACOCEPHALINA, liv, 102. 
ACOCEPHALUS, liv, 102. 

olivaceus, Iv, 198. 
stramineus, liv, 102. 
Alcathous, liv, 139. 

fecialis, liv, 139. 
Anagnia, Iv, 24. 

splendens, 25. 
Ancyra, liv, 156. 

appendiculata, 156. 

laistrionica, 157. 
Apheophoea, liv, 19. 

sigillifera, 20. 
Aphkophorina, liv, 18, 
Aphana, liv, 142. 

albiflos, 148. 

amahilis, 152. 

atomaria, 143. 

aurantia, 151. 

aurora, 152. 

caja, 146. 

Confucius, 144. 

delicatula, 150. 

dinaidiata, 146. 

dives, 147. 

farinosa, 142. 

imperialis, 148. 

nicobarica, 147. 

nigro-irrorata, 144. 
27 



7iigro-riiactiIata, 153, 
pnlchella, 144. 
resima, 151. 
scutellaris, 142. 
variegata, 145. 
Aphana, liv, 142. 
albiflos, 148. 
atomaria, 143. 
hlattoides, Iv, 204. 
hasirufa, liv, 145. 
caja, 145. 
conftMiis, 144. 
delectahilis, 149. 
delicatula, 150. 
discolor, Iv, 204. 
dives, liv, 147, 152. 
farinosa, 142. 
imperialis, 148. 
io, 144, 

lectissima, 151. 
nigro-irrorata, 144. 
nigro-maculata, 153. 
nigro-punctata, 143. 
operosa, 150. 
paidinia, 145. 
placabilis, 148. 
pulclira, Iv, 22. 
pulchella, liv, 144. 
sanguinipes, Iv, 121, 
sattirata, 203. 
saundersii, liv, 143. 
scutellaris, 143. 
suhmaculata, 151, 
uniformis, 155, 



208 



E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. 



[No. 2, 



variegata, 145. 
Veris-amor, Iv, 22. 
Atkacis, Iv, 81. 
pruinosa, Iv, 81. 

B. 

Benna, Iv, 34, 

capitulata, Iv, 135. 
Bid'is, Iv, 35. 

notivena, 36. 
B^TUEIA, Iv, 178. 
Beixia, Iv, 33. 

meander, Iv, 34. 
Btthoscopus, liv, 102. 

indicatiis, liv, 102. 

punctifer, Iv, 199. 

stramineus, liv, 102. 

C. 

Callipsaltria, Iv, 178. 
Callitettix, liv, 17. 

melanoclira, liv, 17. 

producta, 18. 

versicolor, 18. 
Caltria, Iv, 178. 
Carineta, Iv, 176. 

expansa, Iv, 176. 
Cartstus, lir, 21. 

viridicans, 21. 
Centromeria, Iv, 25. 

speilinea, Iv, 25. 
Centrotina, liv, 76. 
Centeotus, liv, 

ancJiorago, liv, 87. 

antilopey 86. 

assamensis, 88. 

caliginosiTS, Iv, 198. 

capra, liv, 84. 

congestus, Iv, 197. 

costalis, liv, 88. 

crassulus, Iv, 198. 

dama, liv, 81, 



fairmairei, Iv, 198. 

flexicorne, 197. 

flexuosus, liv, 87. 

gazella, 81. 

gibbosnlus, Iv, 198. 

Jiardwichii, liv, 80. 

laminifer, Iv, 198. 

malaya, 198. 

mitlleator,^^liY, 88. 

malleolus, 88. 

malleus, 88. 

minutus, 89. 

ohesus, 88. 

obliquus, Iv, 197. 

oneratus, 196. 

paria, liv, 83. 

pilosus, 83. 

reponens, 86. 

rupicapra, 85. 

sciotellaris, 83. 

semifascia, Iv, 198. 

semivitrens, 198 

euhstituhis, liv, 87. 

tarandus, 77. 

taurus, 85. 

terminalis, 85. 

varius, 82. 

vicarius, 85. 
Cektrottpus, liv, 87. 

assamensis, liv, 88. 

flexuosus, 87. 

longicornis, 

obesus, 88. 

oneratus, Iv, 196. 
Cephaloxys, liii, 233. 

hebes, Iv, 192. 

hemelytra, 190. 

locusta, liii, 233: Iv, 191. 

quadrimacula, 233 : liv, 117. 

terpsichore, 233 ; liv, 117. 
Cercopidj;, liv, 5. 
Cercopina, liv, 5. 



1886.] 



E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 



20& 



Cercopis, liv, 5. 

abdominalis, Iv, 194. 
ampUcollis, liv, 9. 
hasiclava, 17. 
tispectdaris, 10. 
circumducta, 13» 
connexa, 11. 
costalis, 13. 
decisa, 9. 

dimidiata, Iv, 195. 
discreimns, 194. 
dor sails, liv, 11. 
dorsimacula, 11, 14. 
dorsivitta, 15. 
duhitabilis, 16. 
ducens, 8. 
eg ens, 8. 

fenestrata, Iv, 51. 
fen-uginea, liv, 12. 
fulvicejos, Iv, 194. 
fuscipennis, liv, 7. 
her OS, Iv, 194. 
hilaris, liv, 14. 
humeralis, 15. 
latissima, 8. 
lydia, 9. 

malaya, Iv, 193. 
nehulosa, liv, 21. 
nigripennis, 7. 
pallida, 12. 
pictilis, 12. 
plana, 7. 
pudens, 16. 
pudica, 15 : Iv, 195. 
quadrimacitlata, liv, 11. 
ramosa, 11. 
rugulosa, Iv, 193. 
signifera, liv, 15. 
stellata, 14. 
theora, 13. 
tomentosa, 11, 15. 
tricolor, 6. 



trigona, 9. 

undata, 10. 

unifascia, Iv, 194. 

viridans, liv, 8. 
Certnia,3_1v, 64. 

maria, Iv, 64. 

rosea, 64. 

tenella, 64. 
Chalepus, Iv, 48. 

aconoplioroides, 48. 
OAaZm, Iv, 205. 

aphcenoides, Iv, 205. 
Ghanithus, Iv, 26. 
Cicada, liii, 229 ; liv, 97 ; Iv, 168, 
178. 

ac?tfa,|lv, 185, 

affinis, liii, 211. 

awc^a, 229 ; liv, 116. 

apicalis, liii, 231. 

atopiaria, liv, 143. 

a^ra, Iv, 184. 

atrata, 184. 

aurata, liii, 230; Iv, 173, 

hrunnea, liv, 157. 

ca/ndelaria, 128. 

ciliaris, Iv, 144. 

crocea, liii, 220, 

cr«f^, liv, 90. 

delineata, Iv, 179. 

facialis, 186. 

ferraginea, liii, 230. 

ferruginea, liv, 98 j 

ferrifera, Iv, 163. 

jlavida, liii, 227. 

fuscata, Iv, 53. 

guttularis, liii, 227. 

Jiemiptera, 215. 

hyalina, Iv, 51. 

immacidata, liii, 231. 

imperatoria, 229 : Iv, 175. 

indica, 217. 

intermedia, 231. 



210 



E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 



[No. 2, 



maculata, 222. 

maculicollis, 230 ; liv, 157. 

mannifera, liii, 223. 

marmorata, Iv, 145. 

mearesiana, liii, 217. 

nana, Iv, 189. 

nigra, 184. 

nohilis, liii, 215. 

ohtecta, 126. 

ocellata, Iv, 68. 

octonotata, liii, 221. 

operctdata, 231. 

percheronii, 222. 

phcenicttra, 219. 

philcemata, 218. 

plumosa, Iv, 145. 

pulcliella, liii, 223. 

pusilla, Iv, 189. 

repanda, 150. 

rugipennis, 179. 

sanguinea, liii, 218. 

sangidnolenta, 218. 

semicincta, liv, 117. 

sjoeciosa, liii, 217. 

spwiosa, 227; liv, 23, 158; Iv, 

166. 
splendidula, liii, 220. 
striata, liv, 216 : Iv, 181. 
strigosa, Iv, 180. 
subtincta, liii, 229 : liv, 116. 
suhvitta, 230 : liv, 117. 
Bubvenosa, Iv, 179. 
suljohurea, liii, 223. 
testacea, 219. 
thalassina, 222. 
tomentosa, Iv, 14. 
traheata, liii, 219. 
truncata, Iv, 74. 
vaginata, liii, 223. 
van'a, Iv, 145. 
varians, liii, 226. 
versicolor, liv, 18. 



vicina, liii, 230. 

virescens, 223. 

virguncula, Iv, 180. 

xantes, liii, 230 : liv, 117 ; Iv, 
181. 

^-punctata, liv. 111. 
CiCADATEA, liv, 116 ; Iv, 158, 180. 

quadrimacula, liii, 223 : liv, 
117 ; Iv, 182. 

striata, liii, 229 ; liv, 116 ; Iv, 
181. 

xantes, liii, 230 : liv, 117 ; Iv, 
181. 
CiCADiD^, liii, 210. 
CixiiNA, liv, 97 ; Iv, 31. 
Cixius, liv, 97 ; Iv, 31. 

albistriga, Iv, 31. 

hohemani, 33. 

caudatus, 32. 

eiferatus, 32. 

eminens, 42. 

meander, 34. 

pellucidus, 63. 

pustulatus, 36. 

tvallceri, 33. 
Clovia, liv, 20. 

conifer, liv, 114. 

gwttifer, 20, 117. 

malaya, Iv, 196. 

multilineata, 196. 

nebulosa, liv, 21. 

punctum, 115. 

quadridens, 117. 
Colsa, Iv, 196. 

costsestriga, Iv, 196. 
COCCOSTERPHUS, liv, 88. 

minutns, 89. 
CCELIDIA, liv, 97, 110. 

guttivena, Iv, 198. 

indica, liv. 111. 

punctivena, Iv, 198, 
Colohesthes, Iv, 67. 



1886.] 



E. T. AtkinBon— Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 



211 



alhiplana, 71. 

conspersa, 72. 
falcata, 71. 
marginata, 73. 
<pryeri, 73. 
COPSTRNA, Iv, 86. 
maculata, Iv, 86. 

OORETHRUEA, Iv, 43. 

fusco-varia, Iv, 43. 
CosMOPSALTRiA, liii, 226 ; Iv, 158, 

178, 
aUuMa, 226; liv, 23, 15£ ; Iv, 

166. 
andersoni, Iv, 171. 
durga, liii, 226 ; Iv, 168. 
flavida, liii, 227 ; Iv, 170. 
obtecta, 226 ; Iv, 167. . 
oopaga, 227 ; Iv, 169. 
eita, 226 ; Iv, 168. 
epinosa, 227: liv, 23, 168: Iv, 

166. 

COSMOSCARTA, liv, 6. 
andamana, liv, 13. 
basinotata, 6. 
bimacula, Iv, 195. 
bispecularis, liv, 10. 
borealis, 12. 
decisa, 9. 
dimidiata, Iv, 195. 
discrepans, 194. 
distanti, 195. 
dorsalis, liv, 11. 
dorsimacula, 11. 
ducens, 8. 
egens, 8. 
exultans, Iv, 195. 
elegantula, liv, 12. 
fictilis, 11. 
fulviceps, 194. 
funeralis, 7. 
fuscipennis, 7. 
heros, Iv, 194. 



Ijdia, liv, 9, 
malaya, Iv, 193. 
masoni, liv, 8. 

megainera, 7. 

moorei, 7. 

pallida, 12. 

pellucida, Iv, 195. 

pictilis, liv, 12. 

pulcliella, Iv, 195. 

rotundata, 195. 

riigulosa, 193. 

siamensis, liv, 23 ; Iv, 193. 

tlieora, liv, 13. 

tricolor, 6. 

trigona, 9. 

unifascia, Iv, 194. 

undata, liv, 10. 

viridans, 8. 

zonata, 9. 
Cromna, Iv, 67. 

acutipennis, 72. 

angulifera, 70. 
Crtptottmpana, liii, 230 ; Iv, 158, 
178, 182. 

acuta, Iv, 185. 

atrata, liii, 321 ; Iv, 184. 

bubo, liv, 117 ; It, 185. 

corvus, liii, 231 ; liv, 117 ; Iv, 
185. 

facialis, Iv, 186. 

fumipennis, Iv, 186. 

immaculata, liii, 231 ; Iv, 183. 

intermedia, liii, 231 ; Iv, 184. 

invarians, Iv, 186. 

nigra, Iv, 184. 

recta, liii, 230 ; Iv, 183. 

vicina, liii, 230 ; Iv, 183. 
Ctnthila, Iv, 201. 

ferocula, Iv, 201. 
Cyrene, Iv, 48 

fusiformis, 48. 

westwoodi, 49. 



212 



E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 



[No. 2, 



D. 

Darnina, liv, 90. 
Dahrescus, liv, 109. 

angulatus, 110. 

nervosojninctatus, 109. 
Daradax, Iv, 38. 

fusipennis, 38. 
Daedus, Iv, 13. 
Delphacina, Iv, 35. 
Dbrbina, Iv, 41. 
Derbe, Iv, 41. 

carnosa, 42. 

mcesta, 41. 
DiCEROPTGA, liii, 226 ; Iv, 166. 
DiCHOPTERA, Iv, 23. 

hyalinata, Iv, 23. 
Bictiophora, Iv, 26. 

DiCTYOPHARINA, Iv, 22. 
DiCTTOPHAEA, Iv, 26. 

albivitta, 29. 

despecta, 27. 

graminea, 27. 

hyalinata, 23. 

Indiana^ 25. 

inscripta, 27. 

insculpta, 27. 

leptorhina, 30. 

lineata, 26. 

nigrimacula, 28. 

pallida, 27. 

patruelis, 30. 

sauropsis, 30. 

sinica, 27. 

speilinea, 25. 

walkeri, 29. 
Drabescus, liv, 109. 

angulatus, 110. 

nervosopunctatus, 109. 
Dtjndubia, liii, 223 : Iv, 157, 178. 

alhigtitta, Iv, 171. 

chlorogaster, liii, 226. 



cinctinianus, 228. 

doryca, 227. 

evanescens, Iv, 165. 

fasciceps, 163. 

guttigera, 166. 

immacula, liii, 225 : liv, 116, 

intemerata, liii, 224. 

lateralis, 224 : liv, 116. 

linearis, liii, 228. 

maculipes, 224 ; Iv, 161. 

mannifera, liii, 223 : liv, 116 ; Iv^ 

159. 
microdon, liii, 224 ; Iv, 159. 
nagarasingna, 225 ; Iv, 164. 
nicomaclae, 224 ; Iv, 160. 
nigrimacula, Iv, 159. 
ohtecta, liii, 226. 
ochracea, Iv, 166. 
radlia, liii, 225 ; Iv, 163, 
ramifera, liii, 228. 
samia, 225 : Iv, 162. 
saturata, liii, 227. 
singularis, 225 ; Iv, 162. 
sohria, Iv, 159. 
spinosa, liii, 227. 
terj)sichore, liii, 233: liv, 117; 

Iv, 165. 
tigrina, 224 ; Iv, 161. 
tigroides, Iv, 175. 
tripurasTira, liii, 225 ; Iv, 164. 
urania, liii, 228. 
vaginata, 223. 
varians, 224 : liv, 116. 
vibrans, 224 : liv, 116 ; Iv. 160, 

E. 

Elasmoscelis, Iv, 42. 

fusco-fasciata, 42. 
Elica, Iv, 39. 

latipennis, 39. 
Elidiptera, Iv, 36. 

ferruginea, 78. 



1886.] 



E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 



213 



fimbria, 80. 

indica, 79. 

pruinosa, 81. 

smaragdilinea, 37. 
Emathia, liii, 229 : Iv, 158, 178. 

aegrota, liii, 229 ; Iv, 176. 
Epiclinbs, liv, 96. 

hehes, 96. 

planata, 96. 
Euacanthus, liv, 100. 

extremus, 100. 
EUPHEIA, liv, 150. 

amabilis, 152. 

aurantia, 151. 

aurora, 152. 

discolor, Iv, 204. 

cornuta, 205. 

lectissima, liv, 151. 

submaculata, 151. 

walkeri, 152. 
EuPiLis, Iv, 45. 

albolineola, 45. 

TJialaya, 46. 
Eiiria, Iv, 38. 

hirida, 38. 

EURTBEACHTDINA, Iv, 12. 
EUBTBEACHTS, Iv, 12-13, 

ceruginosa, Iv, 20. 
basalis, liv, 155. 
bimaculata, Iv, 14. 
decora, 20. 
fraterna, 14. 
insignis, 19. 
lepelletieri, 15. 
multicolor, 19. 
pulverosa, 17. 
punctifera, 16. 
reversa, 22. 
rubrescens, 17. 
rnbricincta, 16. 
spinosa, 15. 
subfasciataj 17. 



tomentosa, 14. 
tricolor, 21. 
vemista, 14. 
EURTPTERA, Iv, 53, 
ohscura, 53. 

F. 

Faventia, Iv, 36. 

pnstulata, 36. 
Fidicina, liii, 231 : Iv, 178. 

acuta, Iv, 185. 

atrata, 184. 

hicolor, 183. 

bubo, liv, 117. 

corvus, liii, 231 ; liv, 117. 

fumipennis, Iv, 186. 

immaculata, liii, 231. 

intermedia, 231. 

invarians, Iv, 186. 

nivifera, 185. 

ochracea, Iv, 163. 

operculata, liii, 231 ; liv, 117, 

recta, liii, 230. 

rejMnda, Iv, 150. 

vicina, liii, 230. 
Flata, liv, 97 ; Iv, 67. 

actitipennis, Iv, 72. 

addita, 74. 

albata, 73. 

angulifera, 70. 

antica, 73. 

candelaria, 128. 

cons^ersa, 72. 

coror)iandelica, 74. 

distinctissima, 75. 

falcaia, 71. 

fenestrata, 51. 

ferrugata, 68. 

flaccida, 70. 

fuscata, 53. 

gnttularis, 75. 

graminea, liv, 27. 



214 



E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhrncliota. 



[No. 2, 



hyaUna, Iv, 51. 

hyalinata, liv, 23. 

indocilis, Iv, 70. 

inornata, 66. 

intacta, 66. 

intracta, 70. 

lactifera, 75. 

lathburii, liv, 30. 

hitescens, Iv, 72. 

lyncea, 83. 

maculata, liv, 134. 

maria, Iv, 64. 

marginalis, 71. 

marginata, 73. 

marginella, 65. 

marginella, 69. 

matutina, 82. 

ohseura, 52. 

ocellata, 68. 

pryeri, 73. 

jpunctata, liv, 140. 

rectimargo, Iv, 76. 

sinensis, 76. 

splendens, 25. 

tenella, 64. 

tricolor, 65. 

triscripta, 76. 

truncata, 74. 
Flatina, Iv, 63. 
Flatoides, Iv, 79. 

discalis. 52. 

dubitans, 78. 

emarginatus, 81. 

ejpisco'pus, 68. 

facialis, 55. 

fenestrata, 51. 

fimbria, 80. 

fumosus, 55. 

guttatus, 58. 
hyalina, 51. 
indica, 79. 
lignarius, 78. 



marginalis, 59. 

matutina, 82. 

minor, 78. 

orientis, 51. 

perforatiis, 55. 

principalis, 80. 

pruinosa, 81. 

speculum, 54. 

tenehrosus, 54. 

truncatus, 77. 
Flavina, Iv, 44. 

granulata, 45. 
Frutis, Iv, 13, 22. 

pulchra, 22. 
FULGORA, liv, 127. 

aeruginosa, 130. 

a finis, 140. 

amplectens, 133. 

andamanensis, 135. 

brevirostris, 128. 

candelaria, 128. 

Cfelestina, 137 : Iv, 200. 

cardinalis, 138. 

clavata, 130. 

coccinea, 138. 

connectens, 130. 

cultellata, 138. 

CTirtiprora, 136. 

cyanirostris, 130. 

decorata, 138. 

delessertii, 135. 

ducalis, 137 : Iv, 199. 

f estiva, 141. 

fiilvirostris, 134, 

geminata, 137. 

gigantea, 132. 

graminea, Iv, 27. 

guttifera, liv, 138. 

guttulata, 136. 

hyalina, Iv, 23. 

hyalinata, 23. 

intricata, liv, 137. 



1886.] E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. 



215 



lathburii, 129. 

lauta, 130. 

lineata, Iv, 26. 

macTilata, liv, 1.34. 

marginella, Iv, 65. 

nigrirostris, liv, 30 : Iv, 199. 

nigromaculata, 133. 

nobiUs, Iv, 200. 

oculata, liv, 131. 

pallida, Iv, 26. 

philippina, liv, 130. 

ponderosa, 131, 

punctata, 140. 

pyrorhina, 133. 

pyrorhyncha, 133. 

pyrrliocUora, 138. 

rajah, 133. 

Bpinolae, 129. 

Btellata, 137. 

Bultana, 132. 

subocellata, 132. 

truncata, Iv, 74. 

verliuelli, liv, 132. 

virescens, 138. 

viridirostris, 129. 
Fdlgoridj:, liv, 127. 
FULGORINA, liv, 127. 

G. 

G.EANA, liii, 221 ; Iv, 156. 

consobrina, 222. 

consors, 221. 

dives, 221 : liv, 116. 

f estiva, 222; Iv, 157. 

maculata, liv, 222. 

octonotata, 221 ; Iv, 156. 

sulphurea, 223 ; Iv, 157. 

sibylla, Iv.^ 156. 
Gargara, Iv, 198. 

malaya, 198. 
Gebenna, liv, 154. 

Sylvia, 155. 
28 



Gedrosia, Iv, 13. 
Glossocratdcs, liv, 102. 

sulcatus, 103. 
Graptotettix, liii, 221 ; Iv, 156. 

giittatus, 221. 



H. 

Hecalus, liv, 102. 

kirsehbaumii, 104. 

paykulli, 103. 

sulcatus, 103. 
Helicoptera, Iv, 36. 

smaragdilinea, 37. 
Hemipttcha, liv, 90. 

crux, 90. 
Hemisph^rius, Iv, 44. 

X'ufo-varius, 44. 
Henicopsaltria, Iv, 178. 
Henicotettix, Iv, 178. 
HiRACIA, Iv, 40. 

walkei-i, 40. 

HOMALOCEPHALA, liv, 141. 

f estiva, 141. 
Hotinus, liv, 127. 
candelarius, 128. 
coilestinus, liv, 137, Iv, 200. 
clavatus, 1.30. 
ducalis, liv, 137; Iv, 199. 
delessertii, liv, 135. 
fulvirostris, liv, 134. 
gemmatus, 137. 
guttulatus, 136. 
lathburii, 130. 
maculatus, 134. 
nigrirostris, 130 ; Iv, 199. 
ocidatus, liv, 132. 
ponderosus, 131. 
pyrorhynchus, 1.33. 
semiannulus, 138. 
spinolcB, 129. 
subocellatus, 132. 



21G 



E. T. Atkinson — ^0/^5 on Indian Rhyncliota. 



[No. 2, 



virescens, 138. 

viridirostris, 129. 
HuECHTS, liii, 218 ; Iv, 153. 

crocea, liii, 220. 

fumigata, 220. 

octonotata, 221. 

plisenicura, 219. 

philsemata, 218 ; Iv, 153. 

picta, Iv, 155. 

sanguinea, liii, 218 ; Iv, 154. 

sj)lendidula, 220. 

stellata, Iv, 154. 

testacea, liii, 219. 

thoracica, 219. 

trabeata, 219. 

transversa, 219 : liv, 116. 
Htgtops, Iv, 35. 

notivena, 35. 

percheronii, 35. 
Htlica, liv, 112. 

paradoxa, 112. 
Htpsauchenia, liv, 80. 

balista, 81. 

ballista, 81. 

hardwickii, 80. 

uncinata, 80. 



IssiNA, Iv, 43. 
Issus, Iv, 45. 

apicalis, Iv, 17. 

malayus, 46, 

pectinipennis, 47. 

testudinarius, 48. 



Jassid^, liv, 91. 
Jassina, liv, 110. 
Jassus, liv, 97, 110. 

alacer, Iv, 199. 

deplanatus, liv, 111. 

sinse, Iv. 199. 



Lacusa, Iv, 42. 

fusco-fasciata, 42. 
Laternaria, liv, 128. 

candelaria, 128. 
Lech^a, Iv, 66. 

dentifrons, 67. 
Ledea, liv, 92. 

auditura, Iv, 198. 

carinata, liv, 92. 

chlorocephala, 107. 

? conifera, Iv, 198. 

culohata, liv, 106. 

? cultellifera, Iv, 198. 

cidtrata, liv, 106. 

dilatata, 93. 

dorsalis, 94, 

fornioata, 92. 

lineata, 94. 

mutica, 92. 

nigrilinea, Iv, 198. 

dbligens, liv, 95. 

punctata, 94. 

punctifera, 95. 

plana, 93. 

planata, 96. 

quadricarina, Iv, 198. 

scutellata, liv, 93. 

serrulata, 92. 
Ledrina, liv, 92. 
Ledropsis, liv, 95. 

obligens, 95. 
Leptobelus, liv, 81. 

auricnlatus, liv, 82. 

cnrvispinus, 82. 

dama, 81. 

gazella, 81. 

pallipes, 82. 

pai'ia, 83. 

scutellaris, 83. 

varius, 82. 



1886.] 



E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rliyucliota. 



217 



Leptocenteus, liv, 85. 

antilope, 86. 

reponens, 86. 

substitutus, 87. 

taurus, 85, 
Lbptopsaltria, liii, 227 ; Iv, 157, 
178. 

albigutta, Iv, 171, 

guttularis, liii, 227 : Iv, 170. 

tuberosa, 227. 
LiMOis, liv, 141. 

westwoodii, 141. 
LOPHOPINA, Iv, 42. 
LOXOCEPHALA, Iv, 12, 20. 

eeruginosa, 20, 

decora, 20. 
Lycorma, liv, 148. 

delicatula, liv, 150. 

imperialis, 148. 

iole, 150. 

punicea, 149. 
Ltstra, liv, 142. 

eeruginosa, Iv, 20. 

atomaria, liv, 143. 

himaculata, Iv, 14. 

eornuta, 205. 

dimidiata, liv, 146. 

ipulchra, Iv, 22. 

punicea, liv, 149. 

spinosa, Iv, 15. 

tomentosa, 14. 

tricolor, liv, 156. 

westwoodii, 142. 

2-7naculata, Iv, 14, 

M. 

Mach^rota, liv, 22. 

ensifera, liv, 22. 

pnnctato-nervosa, Iv, 196, 

punctulata, liv, 2.3. 

spangbergi, 22.- 
Machjirotina, liv, 22, 



Melampsalta, liii, 225 ; Iv, 159, 
166. 

varians, 226. 
Membracid^, liv, 76, 
Membracis, liv, 77. 

cap'a, liv, 84. 

Jlexuosa, 87. 

fuscata, 79. 

minuta, 89. 

planata, 96. 

rupicapra, 85. 

tarandus, 77. 

taurus, 85. 

tricornis, 85. 
Messena, Iv, 12, 17. 

nehulosa, 18, 

pulverosa, 17. 
Metaurus, Iv, 24. 

reticulatus, 24. 
Micreune, Iv, 198. 

formidanda, 198, 
MiNDURA, Iv, 61. 

hemerobii, 62. 
MiRIZA, Iv, 61. 

sorurcula, 62. 
MoGANNiA, liii, 232 ; Iv, 189. 

avicula, Iv, 190. 

cbinensis, 193. 

conica, liv, 117 ; Iv, 190. 

funebris, liii, 232 ; Iv, 191. 

hebes, Iv, 192, 

ignifera, Iv, 190. 

iUustrata, liii, 232; liv, 117 ; Iv, 
190, 

indicans, 232 ; Iv, 191. 

lacteipennis, 233 ; Iv, 192. 

locusta, 233; Iv, 191. 

nasalis, Iv, 192. 

obliqua, liii, 232 ; Iv, 190. 

quadrimacula, 233 ; liv, 117. 

recta, 232 ; liv, 117 ; Iv, 190. 

terpsichore, 233 ; liv, 117. 



218 



E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 



[No. 2, 



venustiesima, 232 ; Iv, 190. 

MONECPHORA, liv, 113. 

trimacula, 113. 
MoNOPSis, Iv, 39, 

einica, 40. 

viridicans, 39. 
Midvia, Iv, 51. 

N. 

Nephesa, Iv, 82. 

marginella, 82. 

rosea, 82. 
Nersia, Iv, 26. 
l^ESis, Iv, 12, 21. 

sanguinipes, 21. 

tricolor, 21. 
Nogodina, Iv, 61. 
NosoLA, Iv, 178. 

0. 

Oliauus, Iv, 32, 

bohemani, 33. 

walkeri, 33. 
Olonia, Iv, 13. 
Onialoce^Jiala, liv, 141. 

f estiva, 141. 
Oncottmpana, Iv, 172. 
Oxyjpleura, liii, 214. 

basialba, liii, 214. 

liifo, 216. 

marmorata, Iv, 145. 

sanguijiua, liii, 216. 

subrufa, 216. 

OXYRHACHIS, liv, 76. 

rudis, 78. 
eubjecta, 79. 
tai-andus, 77. 
uuicolor, 78. 



P. 



Parnisa, Iv, 178. 
Pabopina, liv, 91. 



Fenthicus, liv, 145. 

variegatus, 145. 
Penthimia, liv, 112. 
castanea, 113, 
compacta, 113. 
orientalis, 113. 
Petalocephala, liv, 106. 
chlorocepliala, 107. 
expansa, 96. 
paykullif 103. 
planata, 96. 
wallengrenii, 105. 
Phalcenoviorpha, Iv, 79. 
Phenice, Iv, 41. 
carnosa, 42. 
m93sta, 41. 
Phoronis, Iv, 153. 
nigro-maculata, 153. 
paulinia, 154. 
Phkomnia, Iv, 64. 
iuornata, Q6, 
intacta, 66. 
marginella, 65. 
rubicuuda, 65. 
tricolor, 65. 
Fhyllyphanta, Iv, 67. 
cereris, 76. 
fimhriolata, 69. 
marginaliSf 71. 
Phtmatostetha, liv, 13. ,. 
basiclava, 17. 
binotata, 17. 
borneensis, Iv, 196. 
circumducta, liv, 13, 
costalis, 14. 
dislocata, Iv, 195. 
dorsivitta, liv, 15. 
dubitabilis, 16. 
hilaris, 14. 
nymplia, Iv, 196. 
pudens, liv, 16. 
pudica, liv, 15 : Iv, 195. 



1886.} 



E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhynchota. 



219 



eemele, Iv, 195. 

signifera, liv, 15. 

stalii, 13. 

Btellata, 11, 14. 

triseriata, Iv, 195. 
Plattbrachys, Iv, 13. 
Plattlomia, liii, 226 : Iv, 166. 
Plattplecra, liii, 211 : Iv, 144. 

andamana, liii, 214 ; Iv, 146. 

arcuata, Iv, 145. 

assamensis, liii, 212. 

basialba, 214 ; Iv, 146. 

bufo, 216 ; Iv, 149. 

caelebs, 213 ; Iv, 146. 

capensis, Iv, 145, 

capitata, liii, 214, 216. 

cervina, 217; Iv, 149. 

ciliaris, Iv, 144. 

congrex, liii, 211. 

distincta, 213, 233. 

fenestrata, Iv, 149. 

fulvigera, 147. 

hilpa, 149. 

Mrtipennis, 145. 

hyalinolimbata, 150. 

insignis, liii, 216. 

interna, 211. 

marmorata, Iv, 145. 

nicobarica, 233 ; Iv, 147. 

nobilis, 215. 

ocellata, Iv, 145. 

octoguttata, liii, 216 ; Iv, 148. 

phalsenoides, liii, 211. 

repanda, Iv, 150. 

roepstorffii, liii, 214. 
semilucida, 215. 
sphinx, 213 ; Iv, 145. 
straminea, 217. 
subrufa, 216 ; Iv, 148, 
Pocharica, Iv, 51. 
Pochazoides, Iv, 51. 
Pochazia, Iv, 50. 



apicalis, Iv, 55. 
costimacula, 60. 
fasciata, 53. 
fumata, 53. 
gradiens, 60. 
guttifera, 57, 
interrupta, 56, 59. 
obliqua, 59. 
obscura, 52, 53 (?). 
ocellus, 55. 
simulans, 56. 
sinuata, 53. 
Poecilopsaltria, liii, 211 ; Iv, 143. 
affinis, liii, 211 ; Iv, 143. 
capitata, 216. 
hilpa, Iv, 149. 
octoguttata, liii, 216. 
subrufa, 216. 

PCECILOPTERA. 

addita, Iv, 74. 
antica, 53, 73. 
argiolus, 68. 
cereris, 76. 
comma, 67, 
completa, 82. 
coromandelica, 74. 
dentifrons, 67. 
distinctissima, 75. 
falcata, 71. 
fimbriolata, 69. 
guttularis, 75. 
indocilis, 70. 
intracta, 70. 
lactifera, 75. 
? luteimargo, 83. 
lutescens, 12i. 
mac^data, 82. 
marginella, 69. 
maria, 64. 
? niveina, 83. 
ocellata, 68, 
plana, 74. 



220 



E. T. Atkiuson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 



[No. 2, 



punctifrons, 78. 
rectimargo, 76. 
sinensis, 76. 
Btellaris, 68. 
tricolor, 65. 
triscripta, 76. 
truncata, 74. 
vidua, 77. 

POLTDICTTA, Hv, 155. 

apliasnoides, Iv, 205. 

basalis, liv, 155. 

tricolor, 156. 
POLTNEURA, liii, 211. 

ducalis, 211. 
PoMPONiA, liii, 228; Iv, 158, 172, 
178. 

bindusara, liii, 228; Iv, 173. 

expaBsa, Iv, 176. 

fusca, 172. 

imperatoria, liii, 229; Iv, 175. 

kama, 228 ; Iv, 173. 

linearis, 228 ; Iv, 175. 

madhava, 229 ; Iv, 174. 

pallidiveutris, Iv, 172. 

tigroides, liii, 229 ; Iv, 175. 

urania, 228 ; Iv, 172. 
POOPHILUS, liv, 114. 

costalis, 114. 

nataJensis, 114. 
Privesa, Iv, 51. 
Pkoarna, Iv, 178. 
Peocokiina, liv, 96, 97. 
Peoconia, liv, 97. 

ferruginea, 97. 
Prunasis, Iv, 178. 
PSALTODA, Iv, 178. 
Fseudopliana, Iv, 26. 

graminea, 27. 

hyalinata, 23. 

pallida, 27. 

patriielis, 30. 

splendens^ 25. 



Pttelus, liv, 18. 

? bipars, Iv, 196. 

hipunctipennis, liv, 115. 

concolor, 114. 

conifer, 19, 114. 

costalis, 114. 

dolosus, 114. 

frentilatiis, 114. 

guttifer, 20, 117. 

? immutatus, Iv, 196. 

? integratus, 196. 

natalensis, liv, 114. 

orientalis, Iv, 196. 

punctum, Hv, 19, 115 : Iv, 196, 

quadridens, 19, 117. 

rotundatus, 114. 

sexvittatus, 19, 115. 

simulans, 114. 

subfasciatus, 19, 116. 

viridicans, 21. 
PUCINA, Iv, 63. 

pellucida, 63. 
Ptdna, Iv, 178. 
Ptrops, liv, 139. 

candelaria, 128. 

guttulata, 136. 

nobilis, Iv, 200. 

perpusilla, liv, 140. 

punctata, 140. 

spinolce, 129. 

virescens, 138. 

R. 

RiCANIA, Iv, 50. 

apicalis, 55. 

costimacula, 60. 

episcopalis, 61. 

episcopus, 58. 
fahricii, 51. 
fenestrata, 51. 

fenestra ta, 51. 

fumata, 53. 



1886.] 



E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 



221 



fumosa, 55. 

fnscata, 53. 

gradiens, 60. 

guttata, 58. 

guttifera, 57. 

hemerohii, 62. 

hyalina, 50, 51. 

interrnpta, 56. 

lEevifrons, 51. 

limitaris, 60. 

maculata, 51. 

malaja, 55. 

marginalis, 59. 

marginella, 69. 

mellerborgi, 52. 

obliqna, 59. 

obscura, 53. 

obscura, 52. 

ocellata, 51, 68. 

ocellus, 55. 

^ellucida, 63. 

plebeia, 60. 

prominens, 57. 

pulverosa, 61. 

quinquefasciata, 51. 

rosea, 82. 

simulans, 56. 

sinuata, 54. 

speculum, 54. 

versicolor, 51. 

walkeri, 59. 
RiCANIINA, Iv, 49. 
RusTiA, Iv, 177, 178. 

pedunculata, 177. 



semiatra, 91. 
Scarida, liv, 92. 

SCARF'ANTA, Iv, 67. 

comma, 67. 
SCIEROPTERA, liii, 220 ; Iv, 155. 

crocea, 220 ; Iv, 155. 

fumigata, liii, 220. 

splendidula, liii, 220 ; Iv, 155, 
Scolypopa, Iv, 50. 
Selenocephalus, liv, 105, 

costalis, 108. 

cultratus, 106. 

egregius, 105. 
Seliza, Iv, 77. 

ferruginea, 78. 

lignaria, 78. 

truncata, 77. 

vidua, 77. 
Seltmbria, Iv, 178. 
Signoretia, liv, 91. 

maiaya, 91. 
SiPTLUS, Iv, 198, 

crassulus, 198. 
Siva, liv, 107, 

costalis, 108. 

strigicollis, 108, 
Sphenorhina, liv, 114. 

approximans, 114. 

braconoides, 114. 

contigua, 114. 

intermedia, 114. 

proxima, 114. 
Sphongophorus, liv, 81. 

balista, 81. 
Stagira, Iv, 178. 



Scamandra, Iv, 202. 

hecuba, 202. 

rosea, 203. 

semele, 203. 
SCAPHULA, liv, 90. 

? minuta, 89. 



T. 

Tacua, liii, 217; Iv, 150. 
speciosa, 217; Iv, 151. 
Taphdra, Iv, 178. 
Tarundia, Iv, 50. 



222 



E. T. Atkinson — Notes on Indian Rhyncliota. 



[No. 2, 



Tempsa, Iv, 45. 

malaya, 46. 
Tetrica, Iv, 46. 

fxisca, 47. 
Tettigonia, liv, 97. 

addita, liv, 98. 

affinis, liii, 211. 

afrata, Iv, 184. 

albidicans, 198. 

apicalisy liv, 98. 

assamensis, 100. 

bclla, 99. 

hrunnea, 157. 

cardinalis, 101. 

confinis, 98. 

duplex, 98. 

extrema, 100. 

ferniginea, 98. 

festiva, liii, 222. 

geniina, liv, 98. 

immaculata, 98, 99. 

jacfans, 111. 

jocosa, Iv, 199. 

kinhergi, liv, 99. 

Tonga, 98. 

macuJata, liii, 222. 

marmorata, Iv, 145. 

ohsctira, liv, 98. 

obtecta, liii, 226. 

octoguttata, 216. 

opponens, liv, 102. 

pavo, 98. 

pMloemata, liii, 218. 

pitsilla, Iv, 189. 

pitstulata, 184. 

quadrilineata, liv, 101. 

reducta, 98. 

repanda, Iv, 150. 

rubromaculata, liv, 101. 

sanguinolenta, liii, 218. 

semicircTilaris, liv, 97. 

speciosa, liii, 217. 



spinosa, 227. 

splendidula, 220. 

suavissima, Iv, 199. 

suturella, 199. 

testacea, liii, 219. 

tripars, Iv, 199. 

unimaculata, liv, 99. 

vaginata, liii, 223. 
Thamnotettix, liv, 111. 

alacer, Iv, 199. 

bipunctata, liv. 111. 

malaya, 91. 

SMi(^, Iv, 199. 
Thessitus, Iv, 12, 18. 

insignis, 19. 

mortuifolia, 19. 

nigro-notatus, 19. 
Thomsoniella, liv, 104. 

kirschbauraii, 104. 
TiBiCEN, liii, 231 : Iv, 158, 178, 187. 

apicalis, 231 ; liv, 117 ; Iv, 188. 

auratus, Iv, 178. 

aiirengzebe, 230 ; Iv, 187. 

nana, Iv, 189. 

brnnueus, liv, 157. 

pusillns, Iv, 189. 

subvitta, liii, 230 ; liv, 217 ; Iv, 
188. 
Titdria, liv, 96. 

nigromarginata, Iv, 198. 

planata, liv, 96. 
ToMASPis, liv, 13. 

circumdncta, 13. 

larinia, 17. 

pudens, 16. 

signifera, 15. 
TosENA, liii, 21? ; Iv, 151. 

albata, 217 ; Iv, 152. 

dives, 221. 

mearesiana, 217 ; Iv, 151. 

melanoptera, 217; Iv, 151. 

splendida, 217; Iv, 152. 



1886.] A. Barclay— 0« a new Species of Uredine parasitic, .^c. 223 
Tricentrus, Iv, 198. jj 

fairmairei, 198. Ugyops, Iv, 35. 

Triopsts, Iv, 33. ? •• or 

■^ ' percheronii, 35. 

Tropiduchi.a, ly, 37. Urophora, liv, 116. 

Tropiduchus, Iv, 38. hardwickii, 116. 

luridus, 38. 
Ttmpanistria, Iv, 178. ^' 

Tympanoterpes, Iv, 178. XiPHOPiEUS, liv, 83. 

pilosus, 83. 



VIII. — 0» a neto Species of Uredine parasitie on Cedrus deodara, Loudon. 

By Surgeon A. Barclay, M. B., Bengal Medical Service. 

[Received Jan. 16th ; — Read Blarch 3rd, 1886.J 

(Witli Plates VI. and VII.) 

This parasite is by no means conspicuous and is decidedly uncom- 
mon. It was observed during May 1884 at two isolated localities be- 
tween Simla and Wangtu in tbe Sutlej Valley, and I have searched in vain 
for it among the numerous deodars about Simla. At one of the two 
places in which it was found (Turanda), it occurred on several trees, but 
at the other (between Sungri and Bagi), on two trees only. All the 
trees on which it occurred were well-grown, and it was observed that 
when a tree was attacked at all it was so very largely. A few needles 
only of certain rosettes of needles ai'e attacked, and these when the affec- 
tion is fully developed curve downwards (fig. 1.) This curling of certain 
needles gives the branches a curious frayed appearance by which alone 
attention is generally attracted to the occuri'ence of the parasite. The 
affected needles are not discoloured, but retain their normal green colour. 
The £ecidia protrude in great numbers on the upper surfaces of affected 
needles, a single needle bearing sometimes as many as from 10 to 12 of 
them. They are generally arranged in a single row on one or other side 
of the middle line ; but occasionally, towards tlie distal end of the needle, 
a second parallel short row exists. To the naked eye no spermagonia 
are visible, but with a field-lens they may be seen in great numbers 
as minute points scattered all over the needle. 

The affection does not at first sight appear to cause much injurj^ but, 
when it is remembered that an innumerable number of needles are affect- 
ed, and that these fall early, the conclusion cannot be resisted that so largo 
a dizain upoia the assimilative organs of the tree must be attended with 
29 



224 A. Barclay — On a nexo Species of Urecline [No. 2, 

tlie moat injurious consequences to its welfare. The fungus is confined 
entii'ely to the leaves, the mycelium never being found in the tissues of 
the stems hearing affected needles. The mycelium is therefore not 
perennial. Before entering upon a description of the structure of the 
fungus and of its morphological relations to its host, it is necessary to 
give an account of the normal structure of the needle. 

Normal Structure of Deodar Needle. — The transverse section of a 
young normal needle is broadly quadrangular, one angle being superior, one 
inferior, and two lateral ; the superior angle is truncated and grooved ; 
as the needle grows older, however, the upper angle becomes gradually 
flattened until at last the section of an old needle is more ti'iangular 
than quadrangular (fig, 8). On each of the four sides of the young 
needle there are as a rule four loiigitudinal rows of stomata, and on 
either side of the needle a resin canal, one of which is always larger than 
the other, though both are of the same structure. The centre of the 
needle is occupied by the wood bundle, the xylem being below- and the 
phloem above. 

Looking next to the more minute structure of the tissues of the 
needle, it will be observed that the needle is clothed externally by a sin- 
gle layer of epidermis cells. Under this is a layer of thick-walled hypo- 
dermal cells, interrupted opposite the stomata, and double at the angles 
and between the stomata, where there is only space for a single cell ; 
this layer is double also at each side of the resin canals. These cells 
are from three to four times as long as they are broad, and the epidermal 
cells are about one-third the length of the hypodermal cells. The resin 
canals are clothed internally by a layer of thin-walled epidermis cells 
supported externally at about three places by a second layer of similar 
cells: the whole is surrounded by a layer of ' sclerenchyma fibres, 
except where the canal is bounded by the hypodei-mal cells. Below the 
hypodermal layer follow large parenchymatous chlorophyll-containing 
cells radially arranged. These cells internally abut against the cells of au 
endodermal sheath surrounding the central vascular bundle, much in the 
same way as that in which palisade cells of leaves generally abut against 
the spongy tissue. This pai-encliymatous tissiie is loose with num-erous 
large, air- cavities. The cells of the endodermal sheath are closely conti- 
guous laterally, and are densely filled with starch grains. They are 
large cubical cells nearly tAvice as long as they are broad. The tissues 
enclosed by this sheath are : — (a) in the centre the xylem and phloem 
divided into two lateral divisions ; the xylem being belo\Y : (h) beyond 
the phloem a group of much thickened sclerenchyma fibres : beyond 
these again and between them and the endodermis, (c) a set of large 
water-containing cells with numer-ous bordered pits. Laterally the place 




SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION LIBRARIES 



3 9088 00792 1976 



mm,-,-. 



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