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:^^OVITATES ZOOLOGICAE, 
Vol. XIX, 1912. 



NOVITATES ZOOLOGICAE 



H Journal of ZooloQ^ 

IN CONNECTION WITH THE TRING MUSEUM. 



EDITED BY 



The Hon. WALTER ROTHSCHILD, F.R.S., Ph.D., 
Dk. ERNST HARTERT, and Dr. K. JORDAN. 



Vol. XIX., 1912. 



(WITH FOURTEEN PLATES.) 




Issued at the Zoological Museum, Thing 



PRINTED BY HAZELL, WATSON & VINEY, I,D., LONDON AND AYI.ESBURV. 

1912—1913. 



^t 



CONTENTS OF VOLUME XIX. (1912). 



GENEUAL SUBJECT. 

PAGES 

1. On the Term "Subspecies" as used in Systematic Zoolog)'. Wai.teu 

EoTnsciiiLD ........... 13a — 136 

MAMMALIA. 

1. Descriptions of Two Giant Rats from New Guinea, pre.sented to the 
British Museum by tlie Hon. Walter Rothschild, F.R.S. Oldfield 

Thomas 91—92 

AVES. 

1. Note on Conurus asruyinosus and the allied species. T. Salvadori . 84 — 85 

2. List of a Collection of Birds made by Mr. Albert Meek on the Kumusi 

River, North-Eastern British New Guinea. Walter Rothschild 

and Ernst Hartert ......... 187 206 

0. List of Birds collected by Mr. A. S. Meek at Haidana, CoUingwood 

Bay, in North-Eastern British New Guinea. Walter Rothschild 

and Ernst Hartert ......... i.'U7 — 2iJ9 

4. Description of Two New Binls from tlie Timor Group of Islands. 

C. E. Hellmayr . . 21U — 211 

."). The Birds of Yunnan. Collingwood Ingram ...... 269 — 310 

6. Ornithologlsche Miszellen aus dem Imlo-Australischen Gebiet. EitwiN 

Stresemann 311 — 35] 

7. On some unfigured Birds. (Plates I. and II.) Ernst Hartert . . 373 — 374 

COLEOPTERA. 

1. List of the Anthi-ibidae in the Congo Museum at Tervueren. K. Jordan 63 67 

2. New A nthribidae in the Collection of H. E. Andrewes. K. .Jordan . 87 90 

3. Neue Apionen des Nord- und Siid-Amerikanisi-hen F.iunengebietes. 

(Illustriert.) Hans Waoner ........ 97 118 

4. Formo.san Anthrihiilae collected by H. Sauter. K. Jordan . . . 137 II.") 

5. De.scriptions d' Esp^ces et Varietes Nouvelles de Coecinellides du British 

Museum. DocTEUR Sicard ........ 247 268 



( vi ) 
LEPIDOPTERA. 

PAGES 

1. New Nocliddae in tln' Tring Museum, mainly from tlio Tnclo-Orieutal 

Region. \V. Wahren ......... 1 — 57 

2. New Geomelridae in the Tring Museum from New Guinea. W. Warren 68 — 83 

3. Caligida Hybr. salmoni, a new Hybi'id of .Satiirniidae. (Illustrated.) 

J. Henry Watson 86—87 

4. On an apparently New Form of Lambessa from Algeria. Walter 

RoTILSCniLD . . . . . . . .118 

5. A Synonymic Catalogue of the Syntomid Genus Balacra Walk., with 

Descriptions of New Species. (Plates XIII. — XIV.)* WAi/rER 

EoTiiscHii,D 119 — 122 

G. New Bornean Aegeriidae and Syntomidae. Walter Rothschild . . 122 — 124 

7. New Mauretanian Moth.s. Walter Rothschild ..... 125 — 127 

8. Some New Sphiit/jid(ie. (Illustrated.) Walter Rothschild and K. Jordan 128 — 135 

9. Some New Oriental Zygaenidae. K. Jordan ...... 146 — 150 

10. New Syntomidae. Walter Rothschild. ...... 151 — 186 

11. New Lithosianae. Walter Rothschild. ...... 212 — 246 

12. Some \miig\ive({ Sipilomklae, Aeijerladae nni\ Arctianae. (Plates III. — V.) 

Walter Rothschild 375 — 377 

SIPHONAPTERA. 

1. List of Siphonaptera collected in Eastern Hungary. (Illustrated.) 

K. Jordan and N. C. Rothschild 58 — 62 

2. On Siphonaptera collected in Algeria (Plales VI. — XII.) Karl Jordan 

and N. 0. Rothschild 357 — 372 

RHYNCHOTA. 

1. Notes on the structure of the sexually modified segments of the Cimlcidne 

( = C'linocoridae), with special i-ef erence to Cliiiocoris columharius 

(Jenyns). (Illustrated.) N. Charles Rothschild .... 9:1— U6 

2. Notes on C'linocoridae, a family of Rhynchota, with the descriptions of 

a New Genus and Species. Karl Jordan and N. Charles 
Rothschild ' . . . . . 352—356 



INDEX 379-403 



• N'ot Plates I. and II. .is given in the text. 



LIST OF PLATES IN VOLUME XIX. 



I. Manias henschi Oust, ami G'l'.andid, By II. Gronvold. 

II. Leucopsar rothschildi ;iuil (rmcujjic/c tertia. By H. Grouvold. 

III. Si/Htomidae. By Horace Knight. 

IV. Si/iitoniidae and Aeijeriadae. By Horace Knight. 
V. S ijntomidae and Arclianue. By Horace Kniglit. 

VI. — XII. Algerian Siphonaptera. By K. .Jordan. 

XIII. SijntomidcK (Genus Balacra). By Horace Kniglit. 

XIV. Si/ntomidae (Genera Balacra and Metarclia), By Horace Knight. 



The Parts of this Volume were issued as follows : 

No. 1, containing pages 1 — 1.50, issueil April 30th, 1912. 

No. 2, containing page.s 151 — 377 and Plates VI. — XII., issued December 21st, 1912. 
No. 3, containing pages 379—403 .and Plates I. — V. and XIII. — XIV., issued April l-lth, 
1913. 



ERRATA. 

Page 91, line I) from bottom, and 02, line 10 from bottom, collector's name slioii 
be " KeyssBv " instead of " Keyser." 
11!)— 122, the Plate.s for this article are XIII. and XIV., and not " I. and II 
121, No. 10. This species is figured on Plate XIV. (ig. 38. 

„ line t, after "fig. 40,'' read '^ and ? fig. 39." 
185, No. 1G7, the specific name should read roscipemiis not roseipeunis. 
194, No<. 49 and 50: the generic name should read " liorics," not " Lori»is." 
312, liiK- 1 from bottom read : nicht mehr instead of uielir nicht. 
,, ,, iiudayensis „ ., malai/aims. 

., ,. malat/eiisis ,, ,. malayanus. 

Siphia „ ,, Syphia. 

top „ cJ ,, ,, ? 

Iiottom ,, Sangir : S 1C3 .. .. Sangir : 1G3. 

„ junge Vogel „ „ Jungevogel. 

1892 „ ., 1S22. 

„ .. Mundspalto ., ,, Mnndspilte 



, 31(), 


t; 


? • )) ? 


, 15 


, 324, 


, iii 


, 338, 


, 3 


> ?} ) 


, 8 


, 340, 


• 13 


, 341, 


) 5 


, 345, 


, 12 



,JL. 



NOVITATES ZOOLOGICAE. 



V^ 



H Journal oX Zoolotj^. 



EDITED BY 



The Hon. WALTER ROTHSCHILD, F.R.S., Ph.D., 
Dr. ERNST HARTERT, and Dk. K. -JORDAN. 



Vol. XIX. 




No. 1. 
Pages 1—150. 

Issued April 30th, at the Zoological Museum, Thing. 



PRINTED BY HAZELL. WATHON & VINEV. Ld.. LONDON AND AYLESBURV. 

1912. 



Vol. XIX. 

NOVITATES ZOOLOGICAE 

EDITED BY 

WALTER ROTHSCHILD. ERNST HARTERT, and KARL JORDAN. 



CONTENTS OF NO. I. 



10. 



11. 



12. 



13. 

U. 
15. 

16. 

17. 

18. 



NEW XOCTVIDAE IN THE TPJNG MUSEUM, 
MAINLY FROM THE INDO-ORIENTAL 
REGION 

LIST OF SIPHONAPTERA CiOLLECTED IN 
EASTERN HirNGARY. (IlluslraUd) 

lAHi: OF THE AXTHRIBIDAE IN THE 
CONGO MUSEUM AT TERVUEREN . 

NEW (iKOMETKIDAE IN THE TRING 
MUSEUM FROM NEW GUINEA 

NOTE ON CONURUS AERUGIXOSUS AND 
THE ALLIED SPECIES .... 

CALIGULA iiYUR. SALMONI, A NEW HYBRID 
OF SATURXIIDAE. (Illustrated) . 

NEW AXTHRIIilDAE IN THE COLLECTION 
OF H. E. ANDREWES 

DESCRIPTIONS OF TWO GIANT RATS 
FROM NEW GUINEA PRESENTED TO 
THE BRITISH MUSEUM BY THE HON. 
WALTER ROTHSCHILD, F.R.S. . 

NOTES ON THE STRUCTURE OF THE 
SEXUALLY MODIFIED SEGMENTS OF 
THE CIMICIDAE (= CLIXOCORIDAE) 
WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO GLINO- 
CORIS COLUMIiARJUS (JENYNS). (Ilhis- 
tra(ed) 

NEUE APIONEN DES NORD- UND SUD- 
AMERIKANISCHEN FAUNENGEBIETES 
(Illm(rie>-t) 

ON AN APPARENTLY NEW FORM OF 
LAMUESSA FROM ALGERIA . 

A SYNONYMIC CATALOGUE OF THE SYN- 
roitll) (3ENUS BALACRA Walk., WITH 
DESCRIPTIONS OF NEW SPECIES. 
(Plates I. and II.) ...... 

NEW BORNEAN AEGERJIOAE AND SYK- 
TO ill DAE 

NEW MAURETANIAN MOTHS 

SOME NEW Sl'llIXGIDAE. {Illustrated) 

ON THE TERM "SUBSPECIES" AS USED 

IN SYSTEMATIC ZOOLOGY' 
FORMOSAN AXTHRIIilDAE COIXECTED 

BY H. SAUTER 

SOME NEW ORIENTAL ZYGAEXIDAE 



W. Wa 



Have Wayner . 
Walter Rothschild 

Walter Rothschild 

Walter Rothschild 
Waller Rothschild 
Waller Rothsch ild and 
A'. Jordan 

Walter Rothschild 



1—57 



K. Jordan and X. ('. 
Rothschild . 


58—02 


K. Jordan 


63—67 


W, Warren 


6(<— S.-? 


T. Salraduri 


84— S5 


J. Henry Watson 


8G— 87 


K. Jordan 


87—90 


Oldfield T/u>mai 


91—92 



X. Charles Rothschild 9.'> — 9t> 



K. Jordan 
K, Jordan 



97—118 
ll,s 

119-122 

122—124 

125—127 

128—135 

135—130 

137—145 
146—150 



<.^^i^^ 



,d^^ 




NOVITATES ZOOLOGICAE. 

Vol. XIX. APRIL, 1912. No. 1. 



NEW NOCTUIDAE IN THE TRING MUSEUM, MAINLY 
EEOM THE INDO-ORIENTAL REGION. 

By W. warren, M.A., F.E.S. 

Subfamily ACRONICTINAE. 

1. Canna javensis spec, no v. 

Forewiny : differs from spleiideiis Moore, which it most resembles, in the 
following particulars : the median and inner-marginal fasciae have the brown much 
mixed with green, especially towards costa ; the inner edge of the median fascia is 
s(|uarely angled below the subcostal vein, and its outer edge is obliijue inwards at 
costa instead of outwards ; both stigmata are more distinctly marked ; the onter 
area is more uniformly green, the oblique streak from reuiform to apes not being 
marked, and the inner-marginal band is more broadly interrupted by green towards 
the base. 

HiiidwuKj : white, with the submarginal fuscous band mncli reduced and 
restricted to the costal half of wing. 

Underside with the ground colour whiter, the submarginal bands reduced 
to patches in costal half of wings ; the patch at end of cell of forewing nearly 
obsolete. 

Expanse of wings : 34 mm. 

1 (J from Java. 

2. Acronicta nigromaculata spec. nov. 

Forewing : white, the basal two-thirds more or less wholly suffused with olive- 
fuscous thickly speckled with black, which leaves pale spaces above median before 
and after inner line and at base of inner margin ; costa at base, the base of cell, and 
submedian fold black to inner line, the pale space above it extending below cell 
to submedian fold and there white ; space beyond inner line containing the round 
orbicular with brown centre, whitish annulus, and black outline ; inner line black 
and double, squarely projecting outwards above vein 1 ; median line black and 
double, waved, more or less lost in the broad dark suffusion, which also envelopes 
the reniform, and is marked along submedian fold by blacker streaks continued 
vaguely to termen ; outer line finely double, lunulate-dentate, followed by three 
dark blotches, one at costa and one on each fold, connected with a row of 
submarginal olive lunulcs, between which aud a terminal row of black stud- 
shaped marks the narrow submarginal line lies ; fringe chequered black and 
white. 

Hindwing : white in S , fuscous grey in ? , with dark cell-spot, outer line, veins, 
iind terminal shade, which are all obscured in the darker ^ , 
J 



(2 ) 

Uiulersiile white, suffused with fuscous in forewing, except the costal streak 
and inner-marginal area, speckled with fuscous in hindwing along costa only, with 
a dark bar from costa before middle, and the outer line marked by dark spots 
at and below costa and on each fold ; the cell-spot large and dark in both wings. 

Head and thorax whitish, mixed and lined with olivc-fuscons, the abdomen 
grey ; paljii extenuilly with second segment black, its tip and the third segment 
pale grey ; tarsi spotted black and white. 

Expanse of wings : 40 mm. 

2 (?<J, 2 ? ? from the Khasia Hills (types), the SS taken in February and 
May 1896, the ? ? in October and November 189.3 ; 1 cJ from Darjiling 
(F.'Moller); 1 cJ Sikkim, April 1888 (Col. Pilcher). 

3. Thalatha argentea spec. nov. 

Forewing: silvery white; the narrow basal patch, reaching from margin to 
margin, a truncated conical patch on costa before middle, a triangular patch on 
inner margin at middle, and a diffusely edged smaller patch on costa before apex, 
black ; a slight brown smudge on termeu between veins 3 and 5 ; a few 
scattered black scales above anal angle ; fringe mottled black and white. 

Hindwing: dark fuscous grey, paler towards base and inner margin, darkest 
apically ; fringe dark, paler at anal angle. 

Underside glossy iron-grey in ibrewing ; the costa sprinkled with white scales, 
and with a small white spot at three-fourths and a white streak just before apex ; 
fringe with white chequering along base ; hindwing whitish, with the central area 
and apex bronzy grey speckled with white ; a dark cell-spot and outer line. 

Palpi black, with the tips of second and third segments white ; head and 
shoulders, and the metathoracic tuft white, the shoulders tijiped with rufous ; 
thorax black ; abdomen fuscous grey ; pectus, legs, and venter black ; the legs 
dotted with white. 

Expanse of wings : 24 mm. 

2 JcJ from British New Guinea, from Welsch River (type) and Area River 
respectively (Weiske). 

Subfamily MOMINAE. 

4. Trisuloides pygaria spec. uov. 

Forewing : fuscous grey, with darker fuscous suffusion in parts ; the oval space 
before outer line from subcostal vein to vein 3, the filling up of outer line itself, and 
the subterminal line below vein 5 whitish ; inner line blackish, inwardly pale- 
edged, waved and oblique outwards; median shade thick, strongly developed, 
oblique outwards to below vein 3, then oblique inwards ; orbicular stigma round, 
filled up with brown ; reniform a narrow grey lunule witli pale edging ; inner arm 
of outer line dark grey ; outer arm fine, but swollen into a brownish blotch on 
submedian interval ; subterminal line from costa to vein 5 thick and black ; 
terminal lunules brown edged with white; fringe yellowish at base, grey at tips. 

Hiniltcing : yellow ; a fuscous terminal border, of even width from costa to 
vein 3, the inner edge only continued to anal angle ; the fuscous terminal lunules 
broadly edged with pale yellow ; fringe mottled yellow and fuscous. 

Underside yellow ; the forewing with the costal streak, a large blotch on 
discocellular, and the rest of wing to subterminal line, except along inner margin, 



( 3) 

blackish fuscous ; a yellow blotch beyond cell ; the outer and subtermiual lines 
jialer ; hindwing with the costal area and the terminal third of wing black and 
white speckled ; two black lines from costa ; the first, before middle, short, 
coalescing with the black cell-mark ; the second, from middle, curved to vein 3 ; 
fringe yellowisli grey. 

Face, vertex, and antennal tuft pale oclireons ; pali)i in front pale ochreous, 
externally black, the terminal segment wholly black ; shonlders yellower 
ochreous ; thorax olive grey mixed with yellowish ; abdomen dingy grey, the 
anal segments tlnckly clothed with masses of grey woolly down ; pectus and 
legs ochreous ; the tarsi black spotted with ochreous ; antennae black, shortly 
pectinated. 

Expanse of wings : 66 mm. 

1 ?, considerably worn, from Benkoelen, W. Sumatra (Ericsson). 

Differs from tyjiical Trisuloides in the antennae (?) being pectinated instead 
of simply serrate and in the woolliness of the anal segments. 

5. Trisuloides papuensis spec. nov. 

Foreiviruj : fnscous varied with black and white dusting, but, except in the 
terminal area beyond subterminal line, without the brown tinge of sericea Btlr., 
which it otherwise much resembles ; the inner black line is more oblique inwards, 
and straighter, less wavy ; followed by a black median shade, which at costa is 
oblique inwards, is then curved outwards and Inuulate-dentate to vein 2, then 
inbent and ending on inner margin as a diffnse shade beyond inner line ; orbicular 
stigma absent in the only specimen ; reniform indicated only by a brown liar ; 
outer line Innulate-dentate, double, filled in with white instead of brown, and 
without the large whitish lunule beyond it on submedian fold; subterminal line 
also narrowly white, the space between them brownish fuscous thickly irrorated 
with bluish white ; the space beyond cell before the outward curve of outer line 
diffusely whitish ; a triangular patch of wliite scaling beyond subterminal line 
on submedian fold ; fringe brown, dark mottled, white bejond the submedian 
interval. 

Rindiving : brownish fuscous, with the centre dull yellow, running through 
from costa to inner margin above anal angle ; a small white triangle on termen in 
submedian interval, with the fringe beyond it white. 

Underside with all the markings blurred and confused ; the basal two-thirds 
dull yellow, the outer third dark fuscous and brown ; a diffuse dark median cloud 
across discocellular ; the outer line dark above the submedian fold ; the white marks 
present at anal angle in both wings. 

Face, vertex, and palpi fuscous and ochreous, the palpi externally browner ; 
shoulders paler ; thorax and abdomen fuscous grey and ochreous ; the dorsal tnfts 
darker; pectus, venter, and legs brownish. 

Expanse of wings : 50 mm. 

One (? from Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, 5000 ft., 
March 1906 (A. S. Meek). 

0. Trisuloides polyphaenaria spec. nov. 

Forewing : greyish ochreous with a faint olive tinge ; the markings olive green ; 
basal patch olive, its edge slightly curved, nearly vertical, followed by an olive 
green line ; median shade olive green, oblique outwards frou; costa to median, then 



( 4 ) 

less distinct and oblique inwards ; the dark green cell-spot lies on its njiper arm ; 
outer line dark olive, double, filled in with pale, oblique outwards to 6, vertical to 4, 
then incurved ; the inner arm lunulate-dentate, the outer obscured by the olive 
shade following, which is itself obsolescent below vein 4 ; this shade is limited 
externally by the i)ale subterminal line, which is oblique inwards to vein 7 and 
angled outwards on veins 6 and 4 ; terminal area beyond it, especially at apex, 
brownish olive, below the middle all the markings are i)ale and blurred ; a row 
of terminal olive lunules ; fringe olive and greyish ochreons. 

Himhiing : bright yellow, with a broad greenish fnscous terminal border, 
indistinct below 3 ; olive green pale-edged terminal lunules ; fringe pale grey. 

Underside yellow in basal areas, the outer fawn-colour speckled with grey ; costa 
of forewing fawn-colour ; a diffuse blackish blotch on discocellular of forewing, and 
a less distinct blotch on hindwing from costa over end of cell ; a dark olive fuscous 
fascia in forewing beyond outer line. 

Head, forelegs, and thora.K jiale fawn-colour, the face and outside of palpi 
browner ; legs brownish fawn ; the abdomen is entirely denuded of scales. 

Expanse of wings : 46 mm. 

One ? from Palaboehan, Ratoe, Java, Wynkoopsbaai (Fruhstorfer). 

Differs from typical Trisuloides in the antennae of the ? being almost simple, 
with a few short bristles, but without visible serrations. 



T. Trisuloides albiplaga spec. nov. 

Forewing: red-brown with some white irroration along costa and inner 
margin, and black and white dotting along veins, towards inner margin with dark 
and pale speckling ; inner line black, oblique from costa to submedian fold, thence 
inwardly obli(ine, edged on each side by lines of white and red-brown scales, 
followed by a short streak of white and reddish scales along submedian fold ; outer 
line black, lunulate, bent at vein 4, followed by a snow-white line and preceded 
from costa to vein ^ by a whii;e line swollen into a blotch between veins 5 and 7, 
and running inwards along vein 5 to below reniform ; the stigmata large and 
dark with thick black outlines ; subterminal line reddish brown mixed with white, 
whiter at each margin, sharply inangulate on vein 7 and indented only on vein 1, 
l)receded by large dark wedge-shaj)ed spots between the veins, edged with reddish, 
and on costa by a black blotch reaching outer line ; terminal black lunules edged 
by white and reddish scales ; beyond submedian fold a black triangle ; fringe browu, 
varied with pale scales. 

Ilimiwing : orange with broad black terminal border narrowing off to an 
angle ; fringe mottled brown and white. 

Underside orange at base between subcostal vein and submedian fold in 
forewing, in hindwing along inner margin from costa to terminal border ; outer 
two-thirds of forewing fuscous with a broad oblique white band from costa beyond 
middle to vein 3, and a white erect spot at anal angle ; hindwing with a largo 
fuscons blotch from costa to discocellular and a broad terminal border, preceded 
from costa to vein 3 by a broad white blotch. 

Face and vertex fuscons with the sides whitish ; palpi white in front, the 
terminal segment and second segment externally blackish ; shoulders fuscous, with 
the bases and tips ochreous ; patagia olive brown, darker at base, the tips in 
place:} white; dorsum orange with the line of tufts and the anal segments fuscous; 



(5) 

venter blackisb, with wliite segmental rings ; pectns dull orange : legs ochreons 
thickly dnsted with brown. 

Expanse of wings : c? 66 mm. ; ? 70 ram. 

2 ^tJ, 5 ? ? from the Khasia Hills, Assam (t3-pe) ; one cJ from Darjiling 
(F. MoUer). The last is smaller, and less distinctly marked. 

The ? has the antennae almost simple, with a few short bristles. 

8. Tambana nigra spec, nov., a^id snlisp. fuscipennis subsp. nov. 

Foreicinq : purplish black ; the lines, which are dimble, the edges of the 
stigmata, and tlie praesubmarginal shade deep black ; the narrow terminal area, 
the centres of stigmata, and the costal spots dark grey ; the inner and outer lines 
conversely lunnlate-dentate ; a dark median shade ; fringe purple grey. 

HiiHlwiiiy : yellowish straw-colour, deeper yellow in the ? ; veins towards 
termen black; fringe lilack ; a fuscous terminal border, ill-defined in the tj, 
com})lete in the ? . 

Underside of forewing dull blackish, the cells and inner margin dull straw- 
colour ; of hindwing mainly straw-colour, becoming blackisli terminally; both 
wings with large difl'use discal blotch and dark outer line ; fringe dotted with white 
beyond the veins. 

Head, thorax, and legs blackisli mixed with pale grey hairs ; abdomen black, 
its sides in basal half with luteous hairs ; pectus woolly, olive grey. 

Expanse of wings : 46 mm. 

2 (?(?, 1 ? from the Khasia Hills, Assam. 

In the form from Burma — subsp. fuscipennis subsp. nov. — the upperside of 
hindwing and the undersides of botli wings are dingy fuscous with a luteous tinge ; 
the outer line on both wings on underside is more strongly bent at middle. 

Expanse of wings : 50 mm. 

1 ? from Bernardmyo, Burma, 7o00 ft.. May 1890 (W. Dohcrty), from the 
Elwes Collection. 

9. Tambana pallidipennis spec. nov. 

Forewing : like nigra, but the ground colour paler, greyer ; the black suffusion 
not so complete ; the lines filled up with pale grey. 

Hindwing : uniform pale straw-colour, witii the fringe dark fuscons ; in some 
cases, especially in the ? ?, with traces of a faint subterminal shade. 

Underside dirty straw-colour ; a diftuse dark discal blotch in forewing ; the 
outer lines and terminal border fuscons. 

Head, thorax, and legs blackish with a stronger admixture of pale hairs; the 
hair at base of abdomen at the sides paler. 

Expanse of wings : 46 mm. 

10 c?c?, 3 ? ? from Java: Pengalengan, Preanger ; Bandong ; Palaboehan. 

Subfamily EUXOINAE. 
10. Euxoa fumipennis spec. nov. 

Forewing : luteous grey, suftused throughout with deep smoky blackish, the 
paler ground colour showing as a diffuse band only beyond outer line ; markings 
mnch as in E. radians Guen. from Australia, Tasmania, and New Zealand ; the 
filling up of the inner line, the median nervure, the annulns of the orbicular stigma, 



(6) 

and the sabterminal line are all pale and distinct ; the last sometimes broken up 
into separate spots ; a thick, blackish, nearly vertical, median shade passes over 
the reniform. 

Iliixliriiig : white, the veins strongly brown ; the whole wing, excei)t the cell 
and space beyond it, tinged with pale fuscons, more thickly along the margins ; the 
termen with a broad diffuse blackish border, partially darkening the fringe. 

Underside of forewing dull grey with the termen darker; of hindwing white 
with all the margins blackish. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen all dark fuscons blackish. 

Expanse of wings : 42 mm. 

4 ¥ ? from Lifu, Loyalty Islands. 

Larger and darker than radians, to which it is nearest allied. 

11. Rhyacia spilosata spec. nov. 

Foreirini) : uniform dull grey-brown, with all the markings obscnred ; orbicular 
and reniform stigmata filled up with darker, without distinct annnli or outlines ; inner 
and outer lines conversely dentate-lunnlate, the teeth of the former pointing base- 
wards ; those of the outer, as usual, double ; subterminal line marked by a double 
row of brown spots, the inner between, the onter on, the veins ; a row of terminal 
black dots ; the terminal area narrowly darker. 

Ilindwiinj : somewhat paler than forewing; the fringe concolorous. 

Underside of forewing dark, of hindwing paler ; the latter with cell-spot and 
outer line. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen all concolorous. 

Expanse of wings : 36 mm. 

1 cf without locality, from the Elwes Collectio.i ; 1 ? from Phallalooug on tlie 
Nepal frontier, taken at an elevation of 12,0U0 ft., July 190.i. 

12. Rhyacia papuana spec. nov. 

As large as triangularis Moore, which it most resembles. 

Forewing: purplish brown, without the reddish tinge of triangularis ; the 
costal streak broadly pale to beyond the reniform ; the two stigmata pale, both 
confluent above with the streak, and both touching median veiu below ; the cell 
blackish throughout ; claviform stigma pale, with diffuse dark purplish outline ; 
outer line purplish, lunulate-dcntate ; the subiuargiual preceded by a row of dark 
luuules. 

Hindwing: dull pale grey, darker towards termen, showing a dull grey cell- 
spot and outer line. 

Pal])! extcrniilly, vertex of hea<l, collar, the thorax and jiatagia deep brown- 
black ; tips of palpi, face and tegulae rufous ochreous mixed with grey, the tegnlae 
with a broad but diffuse blackish middle line ; abdomen furry grey. 

Expanse of wings : 42 mm. 

1 i from the Angabuiiga River, British New Guinea, OOUU ft., November 
1904 to February 1005 (A. S. Meek). 

13. Rhyacia praetermissa spec, nov., and subsp. insulata subsp. nov. 

Forewing: purplish fuscous in the ?, jiale reddish Ijrown in the S ; costal 
streak whitish from base to reniform stigma, dotted with grey, sometimes pink- 



( n 

tinged, plainer iu ? than c? ; lines finely lilaok, conversely edged with paler ; the 
inner obliqne and double, the internal arm slender, preceded by a diffuse grey space; 
tbe outer lunulate-dentate ; submarginal obscurely paler, indicated by the terminal 
area beyond it being darker, preceded at costa by a black bar ; cell and a blotch at 
base of submedian fold blackish ; orbicular stigma pale, dependent from the costal 
streak, ronnded triangular ; reniform with j)ale curi'ed inner edge. 

Hindwing : fuscous grey, paler basewards. 

Underside with outer line and cell-spot on both wings. 

Head, palpi, and patagia purplish grey ; tegulae oohreou-!, with two rufous lines 
and the tips velvety black ; abdomen, underside, and legs brownish grey. 

Expanse of wings : 42 mm. 

1 d', 3 ? ¥ from the Nilgiri Hills ; 1 i from Ooty, S. India. 

Closely allied to this species, but differing in being slightly smaller, with the 
hindwings pale at base, 2 ? ? from Bonthain, Celebes, taken between .OOUO and 
60U0 ft., October 1895, by A. Everett, may for the present be separated as subsp. 
insulata subsp. nov. 

14. Rhyacia stigmatias spec. nov. and ab. pallidistigma ab. nov. 

Foreicirtff: of S jiale lilac grey or luteous grey, dusted with darker and more 
or less strongly tinged with pink ; of ¥ wholly dull brick-red ; costal edge red ; 
the lines dark, marked by dark spots on costa, disposed as in the allied species, 
but rarely clear; the outer line outcurved and emitting rather long dark teeth 
on the veins ; stigmata of the pale ground colour edged with brown ; the lower 
half of reniform always black in the cJ, unicoloroas in the ¥ ; snbterminal line 
sometimes indicated by a dark shade on each side ; fringe reddish with a dark 
marginal festoon in the pale grey examples, without the festoon in the red 
forms of the i, and in the ¥ ?. 

Hind winy: pale luteous grey. 

The colouring of the thora.x varies with that of the forewing. 

In the ab. pallidistigma ab. nov. all three stigmata are pale ochreous, and 
the lower half of the reniform stigma velvety black. 

E.xpanse of wings : 32 — 36 mm. 

(i c?c?, 3 ¥ ¥ from the Angabunga River, British New Guinea, GOOD fc, 
November 19U4 to February 190.5, and 1 3 from Biagi, Mambare River, .5000 ft., 
April 1906 (A S. Meek). 

15. Rhyacia griseithorax spec. no7. 

Forewing: pale lilac grey with a faint greenish tint; the sp.'ckling and lines 
olive brownish ; inner and outer lines double, filled in with pale grey ; the inner 
strongly angled outwards below vein 1 ; outer line sinuous, followed by black and 
white dashes on veins ; submarginal line double, brown filled in with paler, 
hardly bent, preceded by a chocolate brown costal shade; stigmata all large, grey 
with paler annnli and brown outlines, the claviform reaching to be\-ond orbicular, 
and the reniform produced inwards along median vein ; fringe brown and grey, 
with a bright rufous white basal line ; costal elge pale greenish ochreous for 
three-fourths. 

Hindwing : fuscous grey, dark before termen ; fringe white, tinged with rufous. 

Underside blackish grey ; costa of both wings and termen of forewing 
broadly brick-red. 



(8) 

Face, slionldors, patasiiii, and thorax ver}- i)ale greenisli grey ; dorsnra 
darker grej- tiuged with red ; venter, pectus, iuside of legs, and palpi externally 
deep red ; tips of palpi reddish ochreons. 
Expanse of wings : W) mm. 
2 ? ? from the Khasia Hills, Assam. 

« 
Hi. Rhyacia mundipennis spec. nov. 

Fm-eiving : pale clear ochreons, only the costal streak and the basal area 
o-rey-brown ; lines scarcely visible, but the inner liae appears to be toothed out- 
wardly above and below vein 1 ; clavifurm stigma with a dark dot at its apex ; 
orbicular a flattened oval, the centre blackish in a wide ochreons ring, outlined 
with pale brown ; reniforra an obli(|ue figure of 8, filled up with black in an 
ochreons ring, of which only the inner half is wide and edged with brown ; 
slight black-brown streaks at termeu on veins (5, 5, and 2, and slighter ones on 
vein 1 and the submedian fold ; those on 0, 5, connected by faint brown streaks 
with the reniform ; fringe ochreons, scantily mottled with brown. 

IlincliciiK/ : pale ochreons with slight brown terminal dashes ; fringe 
ochreons. 

Underside ochreons, with the costal half of forewing and costal edge in 
hindwing dull brownish. 

Head, jialpi, and tegulae pale oclireous, tinged with rather bright fulvous ; 
thorax and patagia dark brown ; abdomen dark grey. 

Expanse of wings : 30 mm. 

1 ? from Bandong, Java. 

17. Hermonassa stigmatica spec nov. 

Forewiiicj : olive-fiiscons, often with a slight reddish tinge ; the lines pale ; 
the subbasal and inner distinctly edged with black, the former emitting along 
subcostal vein a sharp, pale, angulated line towards the latter; outer line dentafe- 
lunulate ; the subterminal preceded by a dark shade ; all three stigmata large, 
black, and distinct, broadly outlined with ochreons. 

Ilindwimj : dirty whitish, sometimes tinged or even suffused witli grey in 
the ?. 

Underside of forewing brownish grey, the costa oclireous speckled with 
rnfons ; an obscure dark cell-spot and outer line: of himlwing whitish with 
blackish cpll-s])ot and an outer line from costa to vein 0; costal area broadly 
ochreons, tlecked with fuscous. 

Head and thorax concolorous with forewing ; the abilomea greyer ; the legs 
redder. 

Expanse of wings : ;{() — W'l mm. 

4 fJc?, 4 ? ? from Bhntan (type); 1 ? Darjiliiig, A].ril 18S9 (Pilcher) ; 1 i 
Darjiling (Dr. Lidderdale) ; 10 cjc?, 1 ? Darjiling (F. Moller) ; 1 $ Naga Hills, 
July— August 1889 (W. Doherty). 

18. Hermonassa furva spec nov. 
Forewimj : didl brick-red with an olive tinge; all the lines and markings 
blurred and obsolescent ; the lines accompanied by dull lustrous bluish scales, 
more esjiecially the outer line; costa marked by blackish spots edged with 



blnish scales at t-lio origin of the lines ; stigmata black, with ditl'ise out ine ; 
the claviform apparently continued inwards to base ; the orbicular diffusely 
elongate ; the reniform Innate, more conspicuous, limited inwardly by a grey 
crescent ; a row of distinct black terminal Innnles. 

Hind wing : dull whitish. 

Underside of forewing olive brown ; the costal elge from before middle 
to apex pink; of hindwing whitish, the costal region pale greenish brown. 

Head, thorax, jiectns, and legs reddish ; the abdomen reddish grey. 

Expanse of wings : 32 mm. 

3 c?<? from the Knlu district, The Punjab, N. India. 

10. Hermonassa lineata spec. nov. 

Forewing: olive brown, speckled and shaded in jilaces with darker; all 
the veins and outlines of the three stigmata finely ])ale ochreous ; the stigmata 
large and well-defined; lines all jiale ochreous and distinct, edged with dark; 
the outer dentate-lnnulate, oblique inwards below vein 5 to just beyond middle 
of inner margin ; a row of dark (errainal lunules ; fringe brown, like wings. 

Hindwing : uniform dull luteous grey. 

Underside of forewing dark grey, the costa ochreous towards base, becoming 
reddish at one-third ; of hindwing silky whitish, the costal area ochreous, 
dnsted with olive scales, with traces of the commencement of a dark outer 
line and submarginal shade. 

Head and thorax dark glossy red-brown ; tegnlae pink-edged ; dorsum 
greyish fuscons, the anal tuft rufous ; legs dark red-iirowu ; venter and pectus 
and the tibial tufts bright rnfons. 

Expanse of wings : 40—44 mm. 

2 6<S from Tonglo, Sikkim, ](i,000 ft., July 1886 (H. J. Elwes). 

Distinguished by its large size and conspicuous markings. 

20. Eurois perviridis spec. nov. 

Smaller than either drcns Btlr. or magnifica Moore ; the green scaling 
predominant throughout the wing ; veins and centres of upper stigmata lilac 
grey, speckled with black ; the cell black ; claviform stigma quite small, green 
with black outline ; the other stigmata without any red scaling ; the black 
wedge-shaped marks before subterminal line complete and distinct. 

Hindwing : fuscous grey, darker terminally ; the fringe white. 

Expanse of wings : .00 mm. 

21. Ectopatria renalba spec. nov. 
Foreioing : brownish fuscous, faintly rufous-tinged ; in basal area and along 
costa paler, being much mixed with whitish scales; inner and outer lines black, 
conversely pale-edged, the outer lunulate-dentate ; orbicular and reniform 
stigmata with rufous brown centres and pale annuli defined by black ; the 
orbicular round, small and indistinct; the reniform deeply indented on outer 
edge at middle ; the annulus broadly white, with a white spot on costa above 
it ; subterminal line pale, interrupted, preceded and followed by black streaks 
in the intervals ; those below veins 5 and 6 continued to outer edge of reniform 
stigma; a row of black lunules along termen ; fringe brown, with pale line at 
base. 



( 10 ) 

Ilindwinq : fuscous, with the basal half whitisli. 
Underside of hindwing white, with the terminal border fuscons. 
Head and tliorax like forewings; abdomen greyer, whitish beneath. 
Expanse of wings: 30 mm. 

1 ¥ from Tasmania, 1891 (Barnard Coll.). « 

Subfamily HADENTINAE. 
22. Craterestra postlineata sjiec. nov. 

Resembles C. hifaacia Hmps. from S. India, Init only two-thirds of the size. 

Foreu'iny : brownish fnscons, the costal streak pale with oehreous lines as in 
that species, bnt the inner margin remains of the dark gronnd colour except at anal 
angle ; the orbicular and reuiform black in the brown ground colour iu the c?, partly 
in the i)aler costal area in the ? ; outer line of points sometimes continuous, the line 
being dentate-lunulate ; terminal spots black ; fringe brown. 

Hindwing : dnll whitish, with dark cell-spot and outer line of points before the 
darker shaded terminal border ; fringe grey; in the ? the whole inner margin from 
base widening to terraen is pale red-brown. 

Underside of forewing grey, tinged with oehreous and dark-dusted along costal 
streak, whitish towards inner margin ; of hindwing whitish, brown-speckled along 
costa ; terminal area of both wings darker grey, outer lines and terminal spots black 
and distinct ; a black cell-spot on hindwing. 

Head and thorax black : abdomen red-brown ; pectus, legs, and venter blackish ; 
underside of thorax i)ale. 

Expanse of wings : 20 mm. 

2 Jcf, 1 ? from the Elwes Collection, from Maudi, N.W. Himalayas, 
300U to nOUO ft. (Sir (i. Young), 1883. 

23. Craterestra scalata spec. nov. 

Foreioinq : oehreous tinged with brownish or pinkish ; the base of cell, a broad 
streak along median and another with irregular edge along inner margin and the 
termen broadly blackish brown, the latter limited above by an oblique line from 
apex to vein 4, followed by a yellower oblique pale space from costa to median, 
crossed by distinct black veins and grey interspaces; a white dot at lower end of 
reuiform ; the inner and outer lines slightly marked by black dots ; fringe black 
brown. 

Hindwing : white, with a slight irregular grey border as far as vein 1 ; some 
black terminal dots ; fringe grey above vein 1. 

Underside of forewing grey-brown, paler along inner margin ; of hindwing 
whitish, tinged with grey-brown at apex ; fringe of both wings brown. 

Head and thorax greyish oehreous, tho dorsum darker ; palpi externally 
blackish. 

Expanse of wings : 20 mm. 

2 ? ? from Mt. Marapok, British North Borneo. 

24. Tiracola rufimargo spec. nov. and abb. grisescens, pallidistigma, and 

venata abb. nov. 

Forewing : greyish oehreous faintly tinged or often wholly suffused with deep 
pink : the costal edge often whitish ; sometimes the median area, at others the 



( 11 ) 

terminal, more rarely both, deeper red or brownish red ; lines marked by black vein- 
dots, those of the inner line sometimes connected by a grey thread ; orbicular stigma 
a white dot; reuiform conspicuous; the inner edge consisting of a narrow black 
crescent with gre} scales preceded by five velvety red-brown or black-brown spots ; 
the onter edge also of five spots, the two between veins 5 and 6 confluent ; joined at 
the inner lower end by an oblique black bar from costa, representing the upper part 
of median shade ; submarginal line inconspicuous, slightly paler with darker edges ; 
apex always pale ; tlie whole wing is covered with faint elongate striae of dull olive 
scales mixed with black atoms ; fringe concolorons, with a bright pale line at base 
beyond a row of dark terminal dots. 

Hindwing : dull greenish fuscous, the costal area above vein G and the terminal 
area dull pink ; the fringe pinkish grey, beyond black terminal spots. 

Underside of forewing dee]) ]iiiik with the costal and terminal margins ochreous ; 
of hindwing ochreons with the costal and terminal margins reddish speckled with 
dark. 

Head and thorax concolorous with forewing, the dorsum always greyer, but 
laterally pinkish ; palpi externally, except terminal segment, deep red-brown or 
blackish. 

Expanse of wings : 5U — 58 mm. 

7 c^fT, five from Biagi, Mauiliare River, British New CJuiuea, 5000 ft., April 
1906 (type), and two from the Upper Aroa River, April 1903 (A. S. Meek). 

Of this species, separable at once by the deep pink margins of hindwing from 
T. plagiata Wlk. — which species also occurs in New Guinea — three quite distinct 
al)erratious come from the same locality. 

The first — ab. grisesceiis ab. nov. — has the whole forewing olive grey, with the 
costal edge whitish and dotted with black ; the lines less distinct, except the teeth 
of the outer line ; the reniform stigma and costal bar equally obscured ; the hindwing 
with the fuscous and jiink areas both darker and more contrasted. 

(JcJ, 1 ? of this form from Biagi, all slightly smaller than the typical form. 

The second — ab. palUdistigma ab. nov. — is larger than the type form, the fore- 
wing suffused with deeper red and darkened by olive-fuscous striations and black 
atoms ; the dots of the lines accompanied by dark shades ; the median shade dark and 
diffuse throughout, tiie upper arm not forming a black bar ; reniform stigma filled 
up with whitish ochreous more or less mixed with grey and outlined with didl red- 
brown ; the subterminal line paler and more conspicuous ; the whole underside 
deeper red. 

5 cJcJ, 1 ? from Biagi ; the single ¥ smaller and duller than the <S S ■ 

The third — ab. venata ab. nov. — is a development of the last, being darker, 
owing to the greater intensity of the olive-fuscous striations ; the median area and the 
terminal as well is deeper than the rest of the wing ; the subterminal line standing 
out finer and jjaler ; the centre of the reniform stigma darker grey, while the 
median shade is sometimes continuous across wing, at others confined to the dark 
costal portion ; the veins, especially towards termen, are finely whitish. 

2 c? J, 1 ? from Biagi, and 1 ? , smaller and paler, from the Upper Aroa River. 

Genus Hypopteridia gen. nov. 

Differs from Dasijgaster Guen. in the abdomen of the <S being elongate, with 
the anal and praeanal segments clothed with very long tufts of hair, and without the 
shaggy lateral tufts which distinguish that genus; while the thorax lieneath bears 



( 12 ) 

large lateral tufts, expansible as winglets, beneath tbe hindwings ; the antennae of 
the S are ciliated and armed with bristles ; the termen of hind wing is strong!)- 
excised between apex and middle. 

Type : //. reversa Moore. ' 

25. Sideridis lineatissima sjiec. nov. 

Foreu'ing : ochreons gre_v with numerous black speckles ; veins all tinel}- white, 
the intervals with rufous grey lines ; median vein white in outer half, thickening 
towards end of cell, where it is slightly hooked, preceded by a minute dark dot, and 
followed by dark scaling on each side of vein 4 at base ; the orbicular and reniform 
stigmata ditfusely yellowish ; lines marked, as usual, by blackish vein-spots ; a pale 
yellowish space above vein 1 from base to inner line ; a diffuse pale streak from 
apex, with a dark terminal triangle beyond it above vein 4 ; a row of minute dark 
terminal dots ; the alternate dark and ligiit lines of the wing continned through the 
fringe. 

Hindicing : blackish fuscous, with some black terminal dots ; fringe white witli 
a grey line beyond middle. 

Underside pale ochreons speckled with blackish ; the forewing suffused with 
fuscons in and beyond cell ; a dark outer line starting from a black costal sjiot, 
becoming punctiform on hindwings ; terminal spots black ; fringe concolorous. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen grey tinged with rufous, the dorsum with dark 
grey ; palpi externally brown. 

Expanse of wings : 46 mm. 

1 ? from Darjiling (F. Mnller). 

26. Hyphilare binigrata spec. nov. 

Forewing : grey drab speckled with fuscous ; the cell and space beyond ochreons 
without dusting; the costal area usually somewhat greyer; inner and outer lines 
marked by dark spots on veins, the outer widely double ; reniform stigma pale with 
a round black dot at its lower end, followed between the bases of veins 3 and .5 by a 
quadrate black blotch with diffuse outer edge ; the snbterminal line hardly marked ; 
terminal dots small and black ; fringe iron-grey. 

Hindwing : dark fuscous terminally, becoming whitish towards base ; the 
cell-spot and veins darker, the fringe whitish. 

Underside of both wings of c? silvery whitish, of ? glossy ochreons grey ; 
terminal dots in both wings, the cell-spot in liiadwiag, and a costal sjiot at two-thirds 
in forewing black. 

Head, thorax, abdomen above and below, and legs all greyish ochreons, like the 
forewings ; the ventral tufts in t? black. 

Expanse of wings : 34 mm. 

2 cJ(J,2 ¥ ? from the Khasia Hills, a pair dated October 189.5, and 1 <? Shillong 
May 1893. 

27. Hyphilare ossicolor spec. nov. 

Forewing : bone-colour with slight dark dusting and a very faint tinge of rufous 
terminally; inner line marked by dark points on veins, oblique to submedian fold, 
then bent inwards ; outer line lunulate-dentate, appearing double, the teeth on the 
veins forming the outer and the Innules between them the inner arm; reniform 
stigma paler with a dark dot at lower end and slight grey cloud beyond ; tht 



( 13 ) 

end of the median vein whitish ; a slight oblique grey shade from apex ; a row of 
distinct black terniiniil dots ; fringe concolorons. 

Hindwimj : dark grey ; the costal third bone-colonr ; a dark cell-spot and the 
veins darker; in the 9 a dark curved onter line, followed by a darker border; 
fringe bone-colonr. 

Underside bone-colonr ; the cell of forewiiig dark grey, and in the ? a dark 
grey outer line in botli wings; terminal black spots ; a dark cell-spot in hindwiug ; 
costa of both wings pale brownish speckled with black. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen bone-colonr; ventral tuft blackish. 

E.xpanse of wings : S 30 mm. ; ? 40 mm. 

1 c?, 1 ? from Darjiliug ; the (? captured by F. Mdller, tlie ? by Knyvett, 
May and June 1889, 75UU ft. 

Allied to Aavistigma Brem. and inomaia Leech. 

Subfamily GUCULLIANAE. 
Genns Isolasia gen. uov. 

Allied to Elwesia Hmps., with which it agrees in the main, and especially 
in the upstanding prothoracic crest ; but the dorsum is also strongly tufted with 
similar long spatulate-tipped hairs ; the praeanal segments of the abdomen are 
armed with lateral tufts of hair, which are equally strong in the ? and in the c? ; 
jjcctus and femora densely woolly ; termen not so deeply crenulate as in 
Elwesia. Type : Isolasia biramata spec. nov. 

28. Isolasia biramata spec. nov. 

Fore.wing : pale ochreous, slightly rufous-tinged, with the basal area to beyond 
middle of inner margin, a triangular blotch on middle of costa, and the terminal 
area beyond subterminal line dark brownish fuscous ; the pale ground colour 
therefore forms a large V, of which the longer outer arm runs from before apex to 
inner margin and the shorter inner arm begins with the pale orbicular stigma ; the 
lines pale with dark edging ; the subbasal angled ; the inner oblique outwards, 
hardly waved; the outer forming outer margin of the costal triangle and marked 
as two dark lines across the shorter arm of the V ; snbterminaj line edged 
outwardly by the dark terminal area, sometimes bright ochreous, preceded by 
brown wedge-shaped spots ; reniforra stigma obscured by the brown of the costal 
triangle, but slightly edged with ochreous ; a wavy dark terminal line ; fringe 
fuscous brown with pale chequering and pale basal line. 

Hindwing : brownish grey, paler towards costa, with dark cell-spot and 
terminal line. 

In the ? the contrast between the dark and light areas is less consjiicuons, the 
ochreous ground being browner and the fuscous areas paler and more broken up ; 
the reuiform stigma pale; the hindwing more uniformly fuscous. 

Underside pale ochreous in the c?, greyer ochreous in the ?, dusted with 
fuscous and rufous ; cell-spots and outer line dark brown. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen brown with ochreous speckling ; the lateral tufts 
of abdomen rufous. 

Expanse of wings : 36 mm. 

1 9 from Sikkim (0. MoUer), 3(?c?from Sikkim (Darjiling), taken by Col. 
Pilcher in August ISbU, 



( 14) 

Subfamily AMPHIPYRINAE. 
'29. Dipterygia multistriata spec. nov. 

?. Forewing : ])ale grey-biowii suffused with fuscous in the basal two-thirJs, 
and in terminal third dusted with bright i)ale scales ; inner line black, forming 
strong outward teeth in the intervals ; the outer line lunulate-deutate, oxcurved 
above middle; subterminal line pale brown, preceded and followed by black streaks 
in the intervals from apex to inner margin, the veins also showing finely black ; 
the space beyond outer line from inner margin to vein 2 and to vein 3 at termen 
paler brown streaked with fulvous ; the upper stigmata pale brown defined by 
darker ; in the cT the fuscous suffusion is darker and embraces almost the whole 
wing except the pale area round anal angle, atid the markings are conse(}uently 
much obscured. 

Uindwing : pale luteous, whiter towards costa, slightly suffused with brownish, 
which is deeper along termen and inner margin ; a dark cell-spot, veins, and outer 
line ; fringe paler. 

Underside of forewing dull grey-brown, slightly dusted with ochreons ; the 
costa and some streaks at termen above anal angle ochreons ; hindwing ochreons, 
dusted and streaked with reddish along costal and a[)ical areas ; a large dark 
cell-spot, and rufous outer line in costal half. 

Head, shoulders, and patagia fuscous brown : lower half of face ochreons ; 
thorax pale brown ; dorsum ochreons dilfused with grey ; j)ectns ochreons ; legs 
blackish ringed with ochreons. 

Expanse of wings : S 38 mm. ; ? 42 mm, 

1 c?, 1 ? from Sikkim ; the S taken by D. MdUer in June 18^8, the ? by Col. 
Pilcher in June 1880. 

Nearest apparently to the Bornean ivi(/ir/tfa Wlk. ; easily distinguished by 
the pale hiudwings with dark cell-spot and the absence of a pale streak along inner 
margin of forewing. 

3U. Stenopterygia commixta spec. nov. and ab atribasalis ab. nov. 

Forewing : brown, speckled and clouded with darker brown, and in parts 
suffused with brownish fuscous ; a slight leaden ]>urplish patch at base of vein 1, 
and another on the same vein beyond outer line; lines black and double at costa, 
the inner and median partly filled in with blackish, the median separating the 
pale brown stigmata and sometimes forming a dark patch in submediau interspace ; 
a black streak above inner margin before inner line, stronger in the ? ; outer line 
strongly luuulate-dentate ; subterminal line pale brown, interrupted, with a pale 
patch above vein 4, crossed i)y darker streaks above veins 3 and .5 ; the anal angle 
and terminal area, especially in the ?, sufl'used with darker; terminal black 
lunnles ; fringe dark brown. 

Jlim/iriiig : dark brownish fuscous, with the fringe jialer. 

In the ab. atribas'dis the whole basal two-fifths, except narrowly along inner 
margin, is snlfused with black, obscuring all markings, the terminal area and 
space before anal angle being also clonded with dark. This may be a distinct 
species. 

Underside dark brown, the costa in both wings with pale speckling ; hind- 
wing with basal half ochreous and a large dark cell-spot ; both wings with diffuse 
darker outer line. 



( 15 ) 

Head and tliorax of S jiale and dark brown mixed ; the dorsnm greyer ; pectus 
and femora and nnderside of palpi ochreous ; legs lilack ringed with ochreous ; in 
the 5 the shonlders and jiatagia are dark. 

Expanse of wings : 34 mm. ; the aberration 37 mm. 

1 t?, 3 ? ? from Penang (Curtis). 

31. Sasunaga interrupta sjieo. no v. 

Resembles leuaorina Hmps. and oUvaria Hmps. in both sexes, but certainly 
distinct. The S is larger, with pile ochreons ground colour ; an oblique black 
streak above inner margin before inner line ; the cell black before and beyond 
orbicular stigma, which is gre)^, small, and quadrate ; reniform inwardly brown, 
outwardly diffuse and jagged ; outer line, instead of showing the strong curve 
beyond cell, always interrupted by olive brown and pale horizontal stripes and the 
black veins ; a pale streak from reniform along vein 5, continued beyond snbterminal 
line to termen ; ? with the broad white streak from base cut by the dark median 
line, beyond which the streak is narrower ; the pale streak on vein 5 beyond 
snbterminal line is always present ; and, as in the S , the outer line is interrupted, 
but in this case by the pale groundcolour from the apex; the hindwing is olive 
fuscous, darker in ? than cJ. 

Expanse of wings : 44 mm. 

Upper Area River, Biagi, Mamliare River, Angabunga River, Upper Setekwa 
River, and the Ninay Valley, New Guinea: Icucorina also from all these localities. 

3:3. Sasunaga longiplaga spec nov. 

cJ. Forewing : greyish ochreons slightly tinged with pale brown ; the veins 
finely black ; costa tinged with olive and marked with pairs of short oblique dark 
strigae ; the costal blotch before subterminal line olive grey, with only the narrower 
end above vein 7 blackish ; a fine black streak from base below cell ; an oblong 
blackish fuscous blotch from inner line to termen including cell and space below it, 
beyond subterminal line comprising a pale streak on vein 5 ; orbicular stigma pale, 
roundish ; the reniform obscnre and undefined ; before the oblong dark blotch and 
beneath the outer end of the black basal streak is a short white streak. 

Hindwing : dark fuscous, with fringe pale. 

Expanse of wings : 30 mm. to 40 mm. 

3 c? jj from Penang, April 1898 (Curtis), (type), and 1 ^ from Gunong Ijau, 
the latter browner and larger. 

33. Sasunaga apiciplaga spec. nov. 

?. Forewing : purplish black in costal half of wing as far as snbmedian fold ; 
an oblique white streak from base of costa along vein 1, followed above by a black 
triangle before inner line ; inner margin below the white streak greenish grey, 
beyond inner line dull rufous dusted with fuscous ; cell black ; orbicular and 
reniform leaden grey, the latter outlined with white, followed by a pink streak 
to outer line ; outer line white just below costa, then dentate-lunulate, filled up 
with greyish fuscous and pink ; a roundish white spot at apex tinged with pink ; 
snbterminal line ill-defined, pinkish, preceded and followed by black streaks and 
dashes ; fringe fuscous and pinkish, pale pinkish at apex. 

Hindwing fnscons, the fringe pale. 



( 16) 

Underside glossy grey with a faint red tinge ; costa of linth wings dusted with 
dark grey and fuscDUs. 

Head and shoulders blackish ; thorax and patagia (damaged) pinkish ochreous, 
jirobahly redder and darker when perfect ; dorsum grey ; venter, pectus, and femora 
rnfons grey ; legs black ringed with pale. 

Expanse of wings : 3(j mm. 

1 ? from Kei Island, December 1896 (H. Kiihn). t>maller than oe/iistin, and 
without the vinous tint of that species. 

34. Sasunaga basiplaga spec. nov. 

<S. Forewinq : very much like that of interrupta Warr. but smaller and more 
uniformly grey-brown ; the veins finely black and the intervals streaked with dark ; 
a small blackish blotch at base of inner margin, and an oblique black streak above 
it before inner line, which is strongly dentate, pale edged with black ; orbicular 
stigma annular, with brown centre, white ring, and black outline ; reniform ill- 
defined and outwardly diffuse, followed along vein 5 by a pale streak, running 
beyond subterminal line to termen. 

? whitish ochreous tinged with olive green ; the costa dark in basal half and 
before subterminal line, and the terminal area from above anal angle to middle ; the 
base of cell with a wedge-shaped black mark. 

IliiidwiiK/ : fuscous, darker in ? than in <?. 

Underside of forewing grey-brown, with the costa at base, some streaks 
towards apex, and a terminal dash below vein 5 ochreous ; the inner margin white; 
hindwing ochreous speckled with brown along costa, towards termeu suffused with 
brown ; a large dark cell-lunule and curved outer line ; the veins brown. 

Head and thorax ochreous mixed with olive brown and grey ; the dorsum grey, 
sometimes dark grey ; pectus, venter, femora, and underside of palpi ochreous ; 
venter with a middle row of double black spots. 

Expanse of wings : 40 mm. 

2 <Si, 1 ? from the Khasia Hills; 1 ? from Waigieu (Waterstradt) ; 1 ? 
from Ninay Valley, Central Arfak Mts., Dutch New Guinea, February and March 
1009, 1 ¥ from Kumasi River, British New Guinea, June 190" (A. S. Meek). 

3.i. Euplexia exangulata spec. nov. 

The species much resembles £. pct-tinata Warr., but differs as follows : it is 
always smaller^SO mm. only as compared with 36 ram.; the dark median area is at 
once narrower and paler ; the amount of brown scaling in the basal area is greater ; 
the inner white band forms an angular projection on submedian fold into the 
median area, stronger than that in ijectinata, but much less prominent than in sinuata 
Moore : and the reniform stigma is more strongly marked with leaden grey at top 
and bottom. Sikkiui and Bhutan only. The antennae of the tJ are bi2)ectinate. 

30. Euplexia rostrifera spec. nov. 

Foi-ewing : white ; the markings black ; neither the basal nor median area nor 
the terminal black markings reaching inner margin ; basal area traversed by a curved 
white snbbasal line ; inner white band narrow at costa, broad at middle, constricted 
on vein 1 by the inward projection of median area, then running in to base and out- 
wardly confluent with the outer white area ; orbicular stigma dark plumbeous very 



( 17 ) 

faintly defined by paler ; reuit'orm white formiug part of outer area, the median 
area formiug a black hook beyond it and ending in a brown point above inner margin; 
onter line scarcely defined by two i)aral]el series of black atoms ; terminal area 
above middle pnrple blackish, inwardly edged with black, the edge extending to 
snbmedian fold, beyond which the termen is white ; fringe purplish with a whitish 
basal line swollen into spots at the veins. 

Hindwing : dark brownish fuscous, paler basewards, witii a white terminal 
streak from vein 1 to 3 separated by a black streak from white spots on veins 2 
and 3 ; fringe black at apex, below vein (i witii the tips white. 

Underside blackish irrorated with bluish white scales, and deep black along 
termen ; base and inner margin white ; cnll-spots wliite, that in forewing 
conspicuous. 

Head, thorax, pectus, and legs black ; abdomen blackish, whitish at base, 
the tufts black ; metathoracic tuft, tips of palpi, and basal segment of antennae 
white. 

Expanse of wings : 30 mm. 

1 ? Bonthain, Celebes. 

37. Euplexia nigroplumbea spec. nov. 

Forewinq : bone-colour, sutt'used to a large extent with purple black ; the 
median area below middle, the cell on each side of orbicular stigma, and a sub- 
marginal band deep velvety black brown, the paler spaces below middle flushed 
with brownish flesh-colour ; median area projecting beaklike inwards in submedian 
interval, the pale band before it excurved at median and strongly below vein 1, its 
centre j)nr|)lisli ; outer edge of median area oblicpie and straight from vein 8 to 4, 
then slightly inbent and again oblique to below vein 1, shortly bent outwards again 
along inner margin ; followed by an obli([ue pale space, brown-tinged below middle 
with two purplisli ])arallel transverse streaks above and a broad ditfuse purple shade 
below ; a velvety black shade from below costa before apex to anal angle, above 
which it is widened and diffuse and followed by a brown patch ; fringe purplish, 
with pale dots at the vein ends ; upper stigmata like the costal sti'eak purplish 
black ; the orbicular finely, the reniform more strongly outlined with ochreous, the 
latter with an ochreous streak across its middle ; the orbicular reaching below 
median vein, tiieir converse edges contiguous at lower end. 

Hindwing : dull ochreous whitish, becoming dark smoky fuscous along termen ; 
the veins dark terminally, vein '^ black and thick, marked by a subterminal pale 
spot and crossed by a terminal pale streak; the inner margin narrowly fuscous ; the 
fringe purple black with the tips wliite. 

Underside of forewing leaden fuscous sprinkled with blue-grey scales towards 
termen, the inner margin whitisli ; costa before apex with four white spots ; fringe 
deep brown with yellow dots at the vein ends and a bluish middle line ; hind- 
wing whitish, the costal and terminal areas fuscous, thickly sprinkled with bluish 
scales. 

Head, thorax, pectus, and legs purple black ; palpi internally and in front pale ; 
metathoracic tuft ti[iped with white, base of dorsum and lateral hairs pale ; anal 
segments fuscous ; the dorsal tufts black. 

Expanse of wings : 34 mm. 

1 (J from Kina Balu, N. Borneo. 
2 



( in 

38. Euplexia submarginata spec. nov. 

Foi-eniiiq : paler, more nit'oiis brnwii than in novaeytiiiieae Betb.-Baker; the 
claviform stisjiiia luur.h narrower, and, liUe the other stigmata, more greenish white ; 
the enter line with its outer erlgc paler and more histrons; the snhmarginal line 
distinct, silvery green, oblique from costa before apex to vein T, along which it nuis 
outwanls and is angled, curved inwards to above vein .5, curved outwards to vein 2, 
along which it runs inwards, then vertical to inner margin ; terniiriiii lunules cream- 
colour, in one specimen with brown lunules behind them. 

Hindwiny : rufous brown, paler basewards. 

Paljii beneath, the top of second segment, and the third wholly white ; the 
shoulders rufous like thorax, tipped with greenish white. 

Expanse of wings : 36 mm. 

"i a, one from the Angabunga River, the other two from Biagi, Mambare River, 
British New Guinea. 

Distinguished by the more rufous brown wings. 

39. Euplexia tenuilinea spec. nov. 

Fori'iviiiq : olive fuscous, more sombre in appearance tlian noraeguineae Beth.- 
Baker or suhmaryiimtu Warr., but agreeing in the main in the markings ; the white 
lines, however, are much narrower ; the inner line is edged externally with black ; 
claviform stigma longer : subterminal line very obscure and interrupted : a row 
of large black terminal lunules edged with pale : fringe brown with a dark middle 
line. 

lUndtcinq : dark fuscous along eosta and terinen, narrowing off to anal angle ; 
the inner margin whitish, with the lower end of outer line marked in blackisli from 
vein 2 to inner margin ; the fringe of inner margin white. 

Underside of hindwing with a dark streak in cell along the fold before the dark 
cell-spot. 

Head and tiiorax much less varied with wliite scales, the shoulders glossy 
whitish with some brown scales intermixed in basal half only ; the abdomen fuscous 
withciut any rufous or brown tinge. 

Expanse of wings : 30 mm. 

2 (Jc?, one from Biagi, Mambare River, the otlier from the Angabunga River, 
British New Guinea. 

40. Euplexia argyrospila spec. nov. 

Foiewiny : brown, appearing in certain lights golden brown, in otiiers purplish) 
sprinkled with lilac scales, which also appear at times obsolete; markings consisting 
of silvery white sjiots and blotehes, tlie lines themselves and the edges of the white 
marks deeper brown ; subbasal line preceded by a single costal spot and followed 
by a streak below subcostal vein and another costal sjiot ; inner line preceded by a 
white costal spot, a triangular blotch in submedinn interval, and a flattened one 
below vein 1, and followed by a large round-ended claviform stigma ; three or four 
small white spots along middle of inner margin ; orbicular large and round : 
reniform 8-shaj)cd, with a brown spot at centre of each half; outer line starting 
from a white costal spot above reniform, followed by a flattened subcostal white 
blotch, a rounded one above vein T), and another elongate flattened one in sub- 
median interval ; submarginal followed by two small spots on costa and below 



( If ) 

before aj)ex, and six white spots before termeii, the two beyouJ cell elongate, and 
the two below them smallest ; fringe brown with lilac scaling. 

Jliiulwing : pnre white, the terminal line from apex to vein 2 thick, brown ; 
the veins towards termen brown, a faint outer line and submarginal shade at apex ; 
fringe white, lined with brown as far as vein 2. 

Underside of forewing brown shaded with redilish, white basewards and along 
snbmedian fold ; cell-sjint brown with some wiiite roimd it; a row of white spots 
before termen ; fringe brown and lilac ; hindwing white, brown-speckled along 
costa ; an oblique inner line from costa to cell, the cell-si)ot, a curved lunulate 
outer line, and the thick terminal line brown. 

Palpi brown with the tips of each segment white ; frons brown with a white 
spot at each side; basal tuft and shaft of antennae brown ; vertex, collar, and 
shoulders white, the last faced with smooth leaden-grey scales ; thorax, patagia, 
and crests there and on dorsum brown tipped with white scales ; the centre of 
patagia with a blotch of silvery white scales ; dorsum white with the anal tip red ; 
underside and legs brown sprinkled witli white, the joints of tarsi white. 

Expanse of wings : 33 mm. 

1 ? , 5 c? (J from the AugabuQga River, British New Guinea, 6000 ft., November 
1004 to February 1905 (A. S. Meek). 

41. Euplexia moneta spec. nov. 

Forewing : resembles the last species ariii/rospila in colour and disposition of 
markings, but the brown is paler and redder, the lilac scales stronger, and all the 
white markings, except the costal spots, shading into golden green; an interrupted 
subcostal streak of golden green ; the outer line more distinctly lunulate-dentate 
and followed by a line of golden lunnles, with the three spots smaller than in 
argyrospila ; subterminal line waved, formed of small golden green spots ; the 
stigmata all a little smaller ; a row of deep brown terminal luiuiles ; fringe brown 
with j)ale lilac mottling. 

Hindwing : dirty whitish sutl'ased with brownish, deeper at apex and along 
termen ; the cell-spot, veins, and outer line darker ; fringe brownish, mottled with 
pale grey. 

Underside of forewing rufous brown, speckled at apex and termen with bluish 
white ; traces of a dark brown outer line and whitish submarginal line of spots ; 
hindwing whitish, with cell-spot, outer lunulate-dentate line, a subterminal shade, 
and the terminal line red-brown ; traces of a short inner line close before the cell- 
spot ; fringe brown and lilac. 

Head, face, and palpi red-browu mixed with whitish ; the tips of segments (if 
palpi and the sides of frons white; shoulders shining yellowish white, with a 
greenish shade ; patagia and thorax red-brown mixed with whitish ; the base and 
margins of patagia banded with golden yellow ; dorsum rufous brown mixed with 
whitish, tlie tufts red-brown ; underneath and legs red-brown white-speckled ; the 
joints of tarsi white. 

Exj)anse of wings : 36 mm. 

'■ids from the Angabunga River, British New Guinea, taken along with tlie 
last species. 

42. Euplexia magnirena spec. nov. • 

Forewing : deep flesh-colour, tinged in parts with olive brown ; the median area 
deep olive fuscous and brown ; snbbasal line shown by a due black stria above and 



( 20 ) 

below subcostal vein; a black blotch at base of siibmeJiau interval, and a wedge-shaped 
lilack blotch below veiu 1 ; basal area traversed by two dilfuse olive l)rowu wavy 
lines, both darker on costa ; inner line thick, flesh-colonred, vertical, bent ontwards 
on subcostal vein and excnrved belew vein 1 ; orbicular stigma olive brown, open 
above, narrowed below, edged with pinkish ; claviform brown edged with black, 
with a sort of additional stigma above it, longer and touching median ; reniform 
a very large yellowisli white space with some dark dots before the lateral edges ; 
outer line flesh-coloured, double, edged with brown, Inunlate-dentate ; veins slightly 
browner ; snhmargiual line a row of pale flesh-coloured lunules, jjreceded by 
brownish suffusion and above vein 6 by blackish, and followed by a black terminal 
blotch between veins 4 and 0, the apex above it pale; fringe pale flesh-colour, 
tipped with black. 

Hindwing: blackish fuscons, with a [lale line before terraeu from anal angle ; 
fringe pale flesh-colour with black tips. 

Underside fuscons ; forewiug with large cell-spot, the row of submarginal 
spots, three apical spots and the outer line to vein 5 bone-colour ; hindwing 
speckled with pale, with dark cell-spot and outer line and submarginal series of 
bone-coloured spots. 

Head and thorax, pectus, pal])!, and legs blackish fuscous, the legs with the 
joints pale ; palpi with third segment and tips of second pale in front ; metathoracic 
tuft flesh-coloured ; abdomen greyish fuscous. 

Expanse of wings : 42 mm. 

1 ? from the Khasia Hills, Assam, May 1895. 

43. Euplexia discalis spec. nov. 

Forewing : purplish brown, mixed with moss-greeu and reddish scales ; the 
subapical area with a dull rufous patch ; lines pale greeuish, in places mixed with 
reddish ; snbbasal Hue double, blackisli, interlined witli pale green, especially at 
base of submedian interval ; inner line of the ground colour edged on both sides 
with yellowish green, the inner edge more curved and running in basewards, forming 
a pale yellow patch on inner margin ; onter line indistinctly treble below veiu 8, 
obliquely sinuous inwards and approaching inner line on inner margin, their converse 
edges ajipearing to meet ; lielovv vein o the outer Hue is followed by a pale green 
band, on which the teeth of the line are marked in blackish ; subterminal line broadly 
pale green, lunulate-dentate, preceded below vein 5 by a broad purplish brown 
shade, and followed by a similar shade, which is blacker close to the green ; veins 
rather darker ])urple, tlie base of vein 2 bright red ; claviform stigma dark, 
obscurely defined ; orbicular obliijne and oval, purplish red in centre with pale 
green outline ; reniform oblong, narrow, bright sul])hur yellow, witii the centre 
greenish mixed with yellow aud reddish. 

Hiudaiiig : whitish in middle, the cnstal aud inner margins broadly smoky 
fuscous ; the terminal Ijorder l)roadly dark fuscous ; the fringe rufous ; cell-spot 
blackish, large. 

Underside of forewing with large whitish discal spot on a fuscous ground, of 
hindwing with a large black one on the white basal area. 

Head and thorax dull purplish reddish, mixed with grey ; palpi beneath 
ochreous rufoas ; metathoracic tuft rufous ; abdomen greyish fuscous. 

Expanse of wings : 36 mm. 

1 ? from Teugaleugau, Freanger, Java. 



(21 ) 

44. Eiiplexia smaragdifera wnn. nov. 

In Cat. Lep. Pkal. B.M. vol. vii. j). 137, Hampsuu proposed the name smarag- 
(lixtiii for E. smaragdina Beth .-Baker from New Guinea, nee Neumoegen from 
N. America ; bnt lie seems to have described and figured an Australian species, 
which, though very much like it, is certainly different from the New Guinea form. 
For this New Guinea species 1 propose the name smaragdifera, smaragdina Hmps. 
standing for the Australian. 

45. Euplexia esmeralda spec. nov. 

Differs from smaraqdifera Warr. in beinf; smaller ; the ground colour velvety 
black, and the markings all brilliant emerald green ; the subbasal line formed of 
two thick angled lines ; all the lines thicker, the outer irregularly crennlate, inbent 
beyond cell ; the terminal rays shorter and Idunter, not actually reaching terraen ; 
the terminal lunules and fringe bright pale green, without any black terminal line. 

2 S S and 1 ? , from the Angabnnga River and Biagi, Mambare River, 
respectively. 

46. Euplexia delineata spec. nov. 

Foreivinq : with the median area between subcostal vein and vein 1 and the 
terminal area deep olive fuscous ; the lines and shading pale olive green : the costa, 
inner margin, basal area, and a band beyond outer line ditfnsely olive ; subba=al 
line obscure, but angled outwards below vein 1 ; inner line oblique, edged inwardly 
with a black line, to vein 1, joined by a fine curved line from base of reniform 
stigma ; outer line bent outwards below costa, evenly curved from vein 8 to 2, 
and sharply inangled in submedian interval, and more shortly and obscurely below 
vein 1, outwardly edged by a fine dark line ; orbicular and reniform stigmata with 
tine green outlines ; the former oblique, open below ; the outer edge of reniform a 
narrow lunule ; a fine oblique pale green streak from apex to outer band ; veins 
finely pale green, veins 1 to 4 with oblique lines on each side meeting at termen ; 
fine terminal dark lunules jjreceded by pale green ones ; fringe pale olive green. 

Hind wing : dark bronzy fuscous, with the veins slenderly pale beyond middle 
and the fringe pale olive green. 

Underside of forewing dark grey tinged with olive ; the veins and fringe pale 
green ; of hindwing whitish tinged with green along costa and termen ; a dark 
curved outer line and brown oval cell-spot, which are both present Imt indistinct 
in forewing. 

Head and thorax olive green mixed with white : jialpi fawn-cohmr, externally 
dark brown ; abdomen reddish grey, the venter paler ; legs and jiectus j)ale green 
and white ; tarsi fawn-colour. 

Expanse of wings : 38 mm. 

1 ? from Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, .5000 ft., Ai)ril 1906 
(A. S. Meek). 

47. Euplexia lucisquama spec. nov. 

Foreirinq : whitish ochreous, flushed with olive ochreous and flesh-colour ; 
some blotches in basal area, the upper part of median area below subcostal vein, 
some terminal blotches, and costal spots at rise of the lines deep olive fuscous ; 
subbasal line marked by two dark fuscous spots, at base of costa and cell, edged 
with whitish ; inner line diffusely white, obliipie, and slightly waved to vein 1, then 



( 22 ) 

sharplv angled and oMii|nc inwards, preceded by two deep olive-fnscons blotches 
above and below vein 1, and followed by dark spots on costa and the veins ; outer 
line bent outwards below costa, ontcnrved and hmulato-dentate from vein 8 to 
submediau fold, and there angled, blackish followed by a whitish line ; orbicular 
stigma small, dark, externally white-edged ; reniform a yellow-green lunule pre- 
ceded by an angled white line ; claviform pale green with a dark line edged with 
white below ; inner margin below submedian fold ])ale yellow-green ; snbterniinal 
line scarcely marked ; a dark olive-fuscous praeapical spot on costa, some ter- 
minal streaks below, and a broad blotch between vein 3 and submedian fold ; a 
terminal row of pale Innnles ; the fringe {tale. 

Hnuhriixj : dark brown, paler, more olive ochreous, at base and on inner 
margin ; fringe pale greenish ochreous. 

Underside pale olive ochreous, whiter along inner margin, the middle of wing 
to outer line dull fuscous ; hindwing ochreous with a slight olive-fuscous curved 
outer line and large oval cell-spot. 

Head and thorax rufous ochreous ; the palpi dai'k above ; abdomen ochreous, 
tinged laterally with blackish in anal half 

Expanse of wings : 30 mm. 

1 S from Mt. Dulangan, Mindoro, 4.")00-~r).")iiii ft., November 1S9.5 to January 
1896 (J. Whitehead). 

48. Euplexia carnefusa spec. nov. 

Forewing : whitish, suffused in the main witli deep flesh-colour; the middle 
of inner margin and a band beyoiul outer line below middle pale green ; the lines 
black; subbasal line oblique, projecting lielow costa and cell ; inner line similarly 
oblique, black-edged below costa and cell, and sharply angled outwards below vein 1 ; 
the broad oblique baud between these lines white jiowdered with rufous ; outer 
line lunulate-deutate, ontcurved above, then slightly oblique, followed by a white 
line; orbicular stigma a black spot edged ontwardl}' with a white one; reniform 
lost in a large white cloud reaching from middle of costa to below vein 3, where 
it is limited by a broad black bar from inner to outer line above submedian fold, 
the part below being deep olive; terminal area powdered with white; a row of 
black terminal lunules, with the ends of the veins black between them, and 
inwardly edged with white lunules ; a black submarginal blotch beyond cell, 
and black lunules on each side of vein 2 ; fringe flesh-colour, chequered with 
white and tipped with black. 

Hhuhmng : olive brown suffused with fuscous ; the veins and cell-spot 
darker ; some obscure dark pale-edged lunules along termen ; fringe brown and 
whitish. 

Underside of forewing dull brownish fuscous, the inner margin paler : traces 
of a dark outer line ; hindwing ochreous white dusted with brown along costa 
and termen, with a large blackish triangular cell-spot and brown curved outer line. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen flesh-colour ; the metathoracic tuft white. 

Expanse of wings : 32 mm. 

1 c? from the Naga Hills, Assam, 5000 to 800i) ft., Julv to August 1889 
(W. Doherty). 

49. Euplexia resplendens spec. nov. 

Fore/riiif/ : greenish black ; the shadings shining pale green ; the lines 
finely yellowish or white ; veins of terminal half marked with blue-green ; base 



( 23 ) 

green ; subbasal Hue slenderly bluish white, sharply angled on subcostal vein and 
below median ; inner line nearly straight and minntely waved, angled outwards 
on subcostal vein, preceded by a band of shining pale green scales ; outer line 
bent outwards below costa, then sinuous, incurved at vein 4, shining yellow, 
followed by a broad shining pale green band, the outer dentate-lunnlate edge of 
which is the snbterminal line ; the veins across it bluish green ; before the outer 
line in the deep green of the median area can be detected another obscure dentate- 
lunnlate line ; orbicular stigma annular, shining pale green with deep green 
centre, attached by similar green scales to inner line ; reniform large, bright 
green, the inner edge straight, the outer waved, whitish ; bright white and green 
sjiots on oosta at rise of the inner and outer lines ; a terminal Innnlate line of 
green and blue scales enclosing black lunnles; fringe green in inner half, 
mottled black and ochreous in outer. 

Hindwing : dark greenish fuscous, paler along inner margin ; a thick blackish 
terminal line with a slight white streak below vein 'Z ; fringe fuscous, the tijis 
whitisb. 

Underside shining bronzy fuscous, tinged with green along costa and termen : 
dark thick outer lines and cell-spots ; inner half of hindwing ochreous. 

Head and thorax green and brown ; basal half of dorsum ochreous with the 
crests green ; anal half fuscous ; tarsi black with ochreous joints ; the tibiae 
greenish. 

Exjianse of wings ; 4M — 42 mm. 

5 ? ?, 3 (J'c? from the Angabnnga River, British New Guinea, 6UU0 ft., 
November 1904 to February 1905; 1 ? , 1 c? from Biagi, Mambare River, 
March 1906 (A. S. Meek). 

50. Euplexia multicolor spec. miv. 

Forewiiig : pinkish grey suffused with rufous and Ijrown towards base, the 
inner margin below vein 1 and the terminal area below 3 pale green ; the outer 
half of wing before outer line triangularly suffused with fuscous ; lities double, the 
arms well apart ; subbasal oblique at first, then vertical ; a black spot at base of 
snbmedian interval ; a pale patch at base of inner margin edged with brownish 
and with deep black scales on inner margin, followed by a pale green patch on 
submedian fold, vein 1 beyond it brown spotted with black ; inner line dentate- 
lunnlate, the teeth pointing inwards and black, the lunules brown, oblique outwards 
to middle of wing ; the claviform stigma small, brown-black, beyond middle of wing ; 
orbicular stigma round, purple black ; reniform narrow, oblique outwards, produced 
and swollen outwards at top and filled with red-brown, having beneath the pro- 
jection a diamond-shaped pure pinkish-white spot pointed at each end; outer line 
double, oblique to vein 0, then vertical, and inwardly obliipie aud lunulate-dentate 
below 4, the inner arm thick aud diffuse, the outer fine, the teeth on veins 1, 2, 3, 4, 
very long, marked with black and white dots ; apical area whitish washed with pale 
red-brown ; the subterminal line pale and waved above, then greenish, preceded 
by a red-brown shade from vein 6 to 2; terminal lunules black, those beyond cell 
larger and containing between them a green wedge-shaped mark ; fringe pinkish 
ochreous mottled with brown above vein 5, deej) brown below. 

Hindwing : fuscous brown, paler basewards, and deeper brown along termen ; 
the veins and cell-spot darker ; fringe grey-white. 

Underside ochreous ; the forewing suffused, except along the margins, with 



( '-'4 ) 

fuscous and red-brown ; the submarginal line, the costal part of outer line, and 
the apex ochreous : outer line blackish, hindwing with large triangular black-brown 
cell-spots and dark brown outer line, interrupted between (> and 7 ; the terminal 
area beyond it washed with brown ; the terminal spots large and quadrate, red- 
brown, from apex to vein 'Z : sjjace between veins 8 and (i from base to outer line 
yellow and mealy. 

Palpi red-brown, terminal segments and tips of second, the face and vertex 
yellow ochreous ; shoulders brown with a dark line above ; jiatagia greenish 
brown ; dorsum red-brown ; pectus yellowish. 

Expanse of wings : 40 mm. 

3 cJ(? from Upper Aroa River, British New Guinea, March 1903 (A. S. Meek). 

51. Euplexia cervinipennis spec. nov. 

Forewiiig : pinkish brown-grey irrorated with darker and mixed with greenish, 
especially below middle ; subbasal line black edged in wardly with green ; a pale 
iichreous patch at base of inner margin with a black spot at base of vein 1 ; inner 
and outer lines black, conversely edged with jiinkish brown above and jiale green 
below ; the inner outwardly oblique and waved, green-edged below middle only, 
followed by a small green spot at place of claviform stigma, and preceded below 
middle by a band of dull slaty scales, with a large greenish blotch before it in 
submedian interval; outer line oblique outwards to vein 6, where it is dentate, 
vertical to 4, then inwardly oblique and dentate-luiinlate, edged inwardly with 
green below vein 6, followed by a band of dove-coloured pink ; subtermiiial line 
pale green, dentate below vein 4, with, brown shading before it, above middle 
with black marks, followed by a darker 'green shading before the large jiale green 
terminal lunnU's, which are outwardly edged by black lunules ; fringe jiink with 
a dark mid lie line and the tips pale ; orbicular and reniform stigmata with broad 
pale green outlines, connected above median, and in the latter mixed with whitish, 
their centres brown ; cell before and beyond the reniform black-green ; median 
area below middle mixed with green ; veins tinged with jiink. 

Hiiultciny : blackish fuscous with a dark paler-edged outer line ; fringe rufous 

Underside of forcwing rufous fuscous, the basal half darkest ; inner margin 
whitish: terminal area rufous ochreous; cell-spot and outer line blackish; 
hindwing ochreous sulfused and irrorated with fuscous ; a large black cell-sj)Ot 
and black curved outer line. 

Head and thorax reddish brown ; basal half of dorsum rnfons, anal half more 
fuscous ; pectus, legs, and venter rufous, browner in front ; tarsi black with the 
joints yellowish ; palpi externally black-marked. 

Expanse of wings : 48 mm. 

1 ? from Angabunga River, British New Guinea, OooO ft., November lOiU to 
February 190.5 (A. S. Meek). 

52. Euplexia muscosa spec. nov. 

Forewing : purplish vinous intermixed with green ; the npper stigmata pale 
green; the terminal area i)ale green frosted with olive; costal edge purplish 
vinous, the subcostal vein streaked with moss-green to outer line ; the inner 
margin green below vein 1 ; subbasal line two dark pnrple sjiots followed by 
pale green scaling; inner line double, waved, deep purple tilled in with pale 



( 2r, ) 

gvpeii ; outer line dull green above middle, vinons below ; submarginal line white 
from below costa, strongly toothed below middle, iireci'ded by a deep pnrple-red 
shade from below costa ; upper stigmata conversely oblique, pale green, the cell 
to outer line deep purple ; median vein jiale green below the stigmata ; a dull 
green patch below reniform between veins 2 and 4 at base ; fringe yellow-green. 

liindiring : dark olive fnscous, paler towards base ; fringe pale green. 

Underside of forewing fuscous, tinged with vinons along costa and termen ; 
submarginal line and fringe yellow-green ; praeapical costal sjiots snow-white ; 
hindwing ochreous white speckled with dark ; a large dark cell-spot; the termen 
shaded with fuscous beyond a dark outer line indented beyond cell. 

Head and thorax bright rufous ; dorsal crests and anal tuft riifons ; dorsum 
dark green and rnfons. 

Ex]ianse of wings : 3(1 mm. 

1 ? from Angabunga River, British New Gninea, 6000 ft. November 1904 to 
Febrnary 1905 (A. S. Meek). 

53. Euplexia connexa spec. nov. 

Forewing: pinkish grey densely speckled with darker; the bisal area, the 
upper stigmata, and the terminal area pale green, the last thickly freckled with 
brown ; snbbasal line obscnrely double and angled, followed by a patch of pale 
green which emits a sharp-pointed streak along snbmedian fold to inner line ; 
inner line oblique, brown, inwardly edged with dull green, outwardly with pale; 
outer line oblique inwards, slightly curved outwards between veins and indented 
on snbmedian fold, edged inwardly with pale, outwardly pinkish grey, toothed 
on the veins, their converse edges meeting on inner margin ; median area olive 
fnscons ; the stigmata pale green with darker centres ; the veins all pinkish grey ; 
subterminal line broadly pale green, formed of contiguous lunules above middle 
and sejiarate angles below, preceded between 4 and 7 by an olive-fuscous blotch ; 
fringe with three dark lunulate lines, intersected by pale rays from yellow spots 
at the ends of veins. 

Hindwing : whitish, with a slight brownish terminal cloud in the S , the whole 
outer half of wing brownish in the ? : cell-spot large and grey. 

Underside whitish ; tinged in forewing with ochreous grey towards centre, and 
speckled only in hindwing; cell-spots and outer lines marked, darker in hindwing. 

Head and thorax rufons ochreous mixed with darker ; alKlomen pale ochreous 
white with the tufts jiinkish. 

Expanse of wings : 27 mm. 

1 c?, 1 ? from Angabunga River, British New Guinea, fiOOi) ft., November 
l'.»U4 to February 1905 (A. S.Meek) 

Still smaller than miiscosa, distinguished by the pale hindwings and interlined 
fringes. 

54. Euplexia figurata sjjec. nov. 

Foreiring : dark olive fnscous ; a broad costal streak ochreous tinged with 
brown ; basal area slightly greenish tinged ; snbbasal line black, twice curved ; 
inner line oblique and nearly straight, inwardly darker, outwardly jialer ; stigmata 
pale green, united along median, and both coalescent with a triangular green 
blotch extending from vein 2 to 4 and reaching outer band : this band is oblique 
inwards, bone-colour shaded with pinkish and with a faint middle line, indented 



( ^6 ) 

on snbmeilian fold ; terminal area pale green, marked between veins 2 and o b)' 
j)nr|ilish blotches ; a row of black terminal lunules ; fringe with three dark 
Innnlate lines and intersected by pale rays heyoud veins. 

Hindicinq : wholly white, with a very faint pinkish tinge towards apes. 

Underside ochreous white; the fringe of forewing dark brown ; hindwing with 
dark cell-spot ; tiie fringe yellowish ; the costa freckled with brown. 

Head and thorax olive fuscous mixed with pale green and ochreous ; abdomen 
pale ochreous. 

Expanse of wiags : 20 mm. 

I ¥ , 2 (? cJi'from the Angabunga River, British New Guinea, GOMO ft., November 
1904 to February 1905 (Meek). 

5o. Euplexia carneola spec, no v. 

Forewing : deep olive brown ; the costal streak and all the transverse bands 
ochreous flashed with flesh-colonr ; inner band outwardly oblii|ne, brownish flesh- 
colour, the outer edge tiiiely pale, joined above vein 1 by a similarly coloured streak 
from base ; outer band inwardly obliciue parallel to termen, fiuely edged inwardly 
with pale and slightly wavy, approaching inner line on inner margin ; reniform 
stigma flesh-coloured, expanding along median vein ; orbicular narrow, oblique, 
])ale ochreous with no flesh-coloured tint ; vein 2 also ochreous ; snbterminal 
line narrowly white, inwardly black-edged, zigzag below 4 ; the terminal area 
pale flesh-colour above, mixed with grey below middle, the ends of the veins 
dark to termen ; fringe flesh-colour. 

Ilindicing : glossy ochreous, tinged with flesh-colour terminally, with traces of 
a darker snbterminal line. 

Underside ochreous tinged with flesh-colour, the markings faintly showing 
through. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen rufous. 

Expanse of wings : 32 mm. 

1 S from the Angabunga River, British New Guinea, HOOO ft., November !9o4 
to February 1905 (A. S. Meek). 

56. Euplexia complicata spec. nov. 

Forewiiiq : deep/>live fuscous; the markings bone-colour tinged with green; 
the costal streak flesh-colour; subbasal line bone-colour, enclosing two small brown 
spots at base; inner band oblique and straight from subcostal vein to inner 
margin ; between it and snbbasal line a diffuse pale spot above vein 1 ; the median 
vein and vein 1 both pale and thickened in places ; outer band inwardly oblique 
from a little before apex to inner margin, where botli it and the inner band are 
united by an oblong patch below vein 1 ; orbicular and reniform bone-colour with 
greenish centres; the former oblique, oval; the latter with inner edge sinuous 
and curved inwards along the median vein, the outer edge concave ; the median 
vein and bases of veins 2, 3, 4 thickened into a triangular blotch ; submarginal 
line close to termen, pale and wavy, toothed inwards along vein 2 ; veins 1, 2, 3, 
4, and 7 continued, pale rufous, through the fringe, which is pale green, with 
ochreous tips, the two shades separated by a fine dentate-lunnlate line of dark 
atoms. 

Hindwing : ochreous, clouded in outer half with greenish fuscous. 



(27 ) 

Underside ochreous, tinged in forewing with greenish, mixed with fnscons 
be3'ond middle ; hindwing with costa green-speckled ; the cell-spot and ontei' line 
dark green. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreons ; the face and shonlders nifons-tinged ; 
the thorax tipped with green and brownish ; anal taft ochreons ; pectus, forelegs, 
and palpi externally brownish. 

Expanse of wings : 30 mm. 

1 (S from the Angabuuga River, British New Gninea, 0000 ft., November 1904 
to February 1005 (A. S. Meek). 

Superficially resembling E. carneola. 

57. Euplexia alboguttata spec. nov. 

Forewing: brown, shaded with darker and intermixed with violaceous and 
greenish in places ; the stigmata, the lines, and a patch on inner margin before 
middle pale yellow-green ; subbasal line black, starting from middle of a yellow- 
green costal spot and edged outwardly with black ; a black spot above inner 
margin l)efore the large yellow patch ; inner line ill defined, plainest across the 
dark submedian interval, which is olive brown from base outwards ; claviform 
stigma large, subcpiadrate, olive brown, edged at, end with black, and followed by 
a white drop-shaped mark from vein 2 ; orbicular and reniform conversely oblique, 
yellow-green, with olive centres, open above and below, and connected along median 
vein, and edged laterally with black ; the cell before and beyond reniform brown : 
outer line yellow-green, edged externally with blackish, outcurved round cell, 
incurved from 4 to 2, then vertically waved; sabterminal line pale green, indented 
on both folds, preceded by some chestnut-brown scaling, before which there is an 
obliijue violaceous band edged with pnrple ; terminal area purplish grey, darker 
beyond cell and snbmedian interval ; fringe yellow-green ; costa pale yellowish 
along median area, the costal edge spotted with brown throughout. 

Hindwing : pale ochreous, with dark grey cell-spot and outer line ; the 
terminal area washed with brownish, especially on the folds. 

Underside pale ochreous ; cell-spot and outer line black, strongest in hindwing, 
which is sprinkled with black along costa and has a long spot in base of cell. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous, slightly speckled with blackish ; the 
thorax tinged with brownish. 

Expanse of wings : 40 mm. 

1 ?, 3 (JrJ, from Kina Bain, North Borneo. 

58. Euplexia tibetensis spec. nov. 

Forewing : very dark olive green shading in places to blackish ; basal patch 
pale green, with the subbasal line obscurely black across it ; a black pointed mark 
on inner margin before inner line; inner and outer lines very indistinct ; the inner 
preceded by a green mark on costa : the outer curved outwards above round cell, 
and oblique inwards below middle; orbicnlar and reniform stigmata pale green, 
with slightly darker centres, coalescent along median vein and below; a green pear- 
shaped mark from vein 2 near base ; snbterminal line pale green, angled slightly 
outwards on vein 7, dentate on veins 3 and 4, and indented on submedian interval ; 
the terminal area dark above middle and at tornus ; fringe pale green. 

Hindwing : white in basal half, dark fuscous in outer ; the fringe fuscous. 



(28) 

Underside of forewiiia; dark fnscons, the inner margin wliite ; cell-spot and 
siibtenniiial line whitish ; hindwing white, tiie costa, termen, and cell-s])ot fiiseons. 

Head lilackish ; thorax and abdomen fnscons njised with greenish; the 
underside and legs blackish. 

E.\]ianse of wings : :}0 mm. 

I (? from Chnrabi Valley, Tibet. The only specimen is mnch discolonred 
towards base and along inner margin, but is certainly a distinct species. 

oO. Data rectisecta spec. nov. 

Like r>. thalpophiloidcs Wlk., but smaller; the yellow of the hindwing paler ; 
its terminal border broader, blackish fuscous, not reddish brown ; its inner edge 
straight across wing, not insinuate at middle, curved inwards only just before costa; 
in callojHStrioides Moore the inner edge is also straight, but in that species the 
veins of forewing are pink. 

1 ? from Tachar ; 1 ? fi(im ^Vest Java. 

CO. Eriopus nivetacta spec. nov. 

Smaller and darker than Mrigilineatii Hnips. 

Foreiciixj : blackish fuscous dusted witii olive, suffused on median vein with 
violaceous ; veins pinkish, becoming olive terminally ; subbasal line white, edged 
with black; inner line strongly e.xcurved, black, edged on both sides with 
yellowish white, with an oblique white mark from snbmedian fold to vein 1 ; 
orbicular stigma obli(|UP, brown, with a white ring, broader above; reuiform 
obli(iue inwards, edged with a white line on each side meeting in a curve at 
top, the centre reddish on a brown ground, the lower outer end swollen and 
followed by an oblique wliite dash ; outer line rufons olive, jireceded by a row of 
black Innules and followed by a belt of violaceous grey ; subferminal line marked 
by large snow-white elongate spots above veins 7, 6, and 4, and a small dot nearer 
outer line above 5 ; before the ternieu a row of snow-white Innules edging black 
terminal spots ; fringe blackish mottled with white, and with a yellow basal line. 

IliitrhriiKj : dark fuscous, paler towards base and costa. 

Underside of forewing brownish grey, the costal margin and termen dusted 
with brown and white scales ; the white marks of upperside showing through 
along termen and outer third of costa ; hin<lwing whitish powdered with olive 
brown excejit in abdominal third ; an obscure iirown cell-spot; a waved outer line, 
an indistinct submarginal shade, and dark terminal Innules, not extending below 
middle of wing. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen olive fuscous varied with white scales; tegulae, 
patagia, and jialpi tipped with white. 

Expanse of wings : J 2() mm. ; ? 28 mm. 

4 (J J, 6 ? ? from the Khasia Hills, Assam. 

<;i. Condica albiorbis spec. nov. 

Forewing: red-brown dusted with darker; the lines and shadings black and 
thick ; lines double tilled in with reddish ; the subljasal angled on median vein, 
the inner on snbmedian fold, touching both orbicular and claviform stigmata ; the 
claviform large, dark brown edged with black ; the orbicular oblique, oval, brown 
at centre witli a white annulus edged with black ; rnuiform large, its inner edge 



( ^9 ) 

straight ami black, with a white dot at each ciul ; its outer with a large white 
blotch at middle, a white dot at upper end, aiul two at lower, all alike tipped with 
black ; outer line luiuilate-dentate, oblirjue to vein 3, then incurved ; siibtermiual 
line yellowish, broken up into spots, preceded 1)V strong black wedge-shaped 
marks, and joined by black streaks to the terminal Innules ; the termeu itself and 
the costa at apex being darker ; veins dotted with pale ; fringe with a pale line 
at base. 

Hindwinq : bronzy brown, with dark terminal line; the fringe brown. 

Underside of forewing dull fuscous, the costa reddish grey and termen paler ; 
of hindwing pale, reddish tinged towards costa and dusted with fuscous and white, 
with black cell-spot and outer line. 

Head and thorax dark red-brown ; the abduiuen fuscous grey. 

Expanse of wings : 42 mm. 

1 cJ, 2 ? ? Darjiling (F. M.iller). 

02. Condica albiliueata spec. uov. 

Smaller and redder than albiorbis, the forewing narrower and more pointed, 
the termeu more oblique ; lines black and indistinct ; veins dark dotted with white ; 
claviform stigma square, dark red-brown edged with black ; orbicular as in 
albiorbis; reniform much narrower, red-brown, with a large white spot in middle 
of outer edge and two white dots below it ; from the white dot above it a 
continuous sinuous white line runs above and inside the stigma to its lower end 
on median vein ; the subterminal line is plainer. 

HindwiiKj : bronzy brown with dark terminal line and cell-spot ; fringe 
brown. 

Head and thor.i.-c reddish brown ; dorsum reddish with the tutts red. 

Expanse of wings : 34 mm. 

1 ? from the Khasia Hills, Assam. 

03. Condica connotata s|iec. nov. 

Intermediate between conjundem Wlk. and siihtdtirata, ochreous or j)ale 
brown tinged with rufous; the claviform stigma and the dark patch between the 
upper stigmata not so dark as in coiifimdens ; the reniform externally with a 
whitish lunnle, with two white dots below and one above it, and a white dot, more 
or less evident, at each end of its inner edge ; terminal area with a dark blotch 
beyond cell and another above anal angle, the latter extending inside subterminal 
line. 

lli)idifiiHi : brownish fnscous, always darker than iu coiij'iindens, but not so 
deep as in subnigrata. 

Underside as in con/tmdens. 

Expanse of wings : 38 mm. 

8 ? ¥ from Ceylon, S. India, and E. i'egu. 

04. Condica sabnigrata spec. nov. and ab. uniformis ab. uov. 

Differs from ' '. coiifandeiis Wlk. in being dark red-brown sutinsed with 
fuscous, instead of rufous grey, with the lines and markings less clear ; in 
particular the large blackish claviform stigma does not extend so far outwards and 
consequently does not form an even line with the inner edge of the reniform 
stigma ; the reniform is larger, marked internally with a thick black bar, and 



( 30 ) 

with tlie hollow in the middle of the outer edge filled ii]) with pale luteons instead 
of white, with two whitish dots, sometimes faintly marked, at the lower outer end, 
but general!}' with all the white dots absent ; the terminal area beyond the Inteous 
subterminal line always darker. 

Iliiichcitx/ : dark reddish brown, with terminal blackish hmnles ; the fringe 
rnfoiis orlireons, tingeil with fuscous. 

Underside of forewing deep velvety liiaek-brown, with the costal anil terminal 
margins reddish ; hind wing ochreou-;, the costa speckled with reddish ; cell-spot 
and outer line prominently blackisli. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen dark red-brown. 

1 ?, 3 cJcf from the Nilgiri Hills, Madras ; 1 ? from Ceylon. 

The ab. unifonnis is more uniformly red-brown, without the fuscous suffusion 
or darker blotches ; the claviform and the space between upper stigmata being also 
red-brown ; the lunule on outer edge of reniform dull yellow ; the snbterrainal 
line more precise ; the fringe of hindwing pure rufous. 

2 SS from Ceylon. 

65. Prospalta ochrisquamata spec. uov. 

Forewing : dull olive brown, faintly red-tinged, and sprinkled with pale 
ochreous scales ; a patch of ochreous scales on inner margin near base, and an 
ochreons spot at base of submedian interval ; the costa marked by small ochreous 
dots at origin of lines ; inner line sometimes denoted by jiale dots on the veins, often 
obsolete ; outer line lunulate-dentate, blackish, the teeth marked by sligl)t ochreons 
dots on veins, the Inunles sometimes followed by a few ochreous scales, that above 
vein 5 always by an ochreous spot ; spots of the two outer rows whiter and irregular 
in shape, those of the subterminal row on each side of vein 5 and on submedian fold 
larger and diffuser ; a black lunnlate line along termcn swollen into black spots 
between the veins ; fringe blackish with ochreous spots at base and intersected by 
ochreons rays ; orbicular stigma oblique, with reddish centre outlined with ochreous 
scales ; reniform with an ochreous lunule at centre and interrupted ])unctu!ate 
ochreous outline, showing, when complete, four dots internally and three externally, 
with a lunule between. 

Ili/idiciny : luteons ochreous in basal half, brownisii fuscous in outer, with dark 
lunnlate terminal line and pale ochreous fringe. 

Underside glossy ochreous in basal half, the costa liroadly sprinkled witli red 
scales ; forewing with dark grey celi-spot, outer waved line and fuscous baud before 
subterminal line; hindwing with cell-spot, outer line, and dark terminal band. 

Face and vertex ochreous with black bars ; jialpi ochreous internally and in 
front, black externally ; shoulders and patagia brown ; thorax and metathoracic tnft 
ochreous, the latter with a double black line in front near base; dorsum grey-brown, 
more ochreous below ; pectus and legs fuscous grey ; tibiae black with ochreous 
rings. 

Expanse of wings : 4(1 mm. 

1 (S,:i ? ? from the Khasia Hills, Assam, the S dated September 1895. 

I'll!. Prospalta praesecta s])ec. nov. 

Foreiri/it/ : brown-black glossed with jiurple ; subba^^al and inner lines 
unmarked, except by a few pale scales on veins ; a fine black streak from base 
along submedian fold, containing a deep yellow spot, and ending in a long elliptical 



( 31 ) 

claviform stigma ; orbicular obscure, oblifjiie with some fine yellow scales round it 
ringed witb black ; reDiform large, 8-shaped, its upper half iudicated only by yellow 
lines and ]iale dots edged by black ; its lower half with a round white spot ringed 
with black, followed by two white dots and witli a yellow curved line below ; outer 
line black, lunulate-dentate, the hinulo-i filled up with yellow; snbterminal line 
formed of irregular patches of yellow scales preceded by black wedge-shaped marks, 
the spots oil each side of vein 3 dotlike ; a row of yellow dots just before termen 
between the veins, and a row at base of fringe at the end of the veins. 

lliiulwing : olive fuscous, the basal half in $ paler with dark veins ; a row of 
pale luiiular spots before termen ; fringe rufous ochreons. 

Underside glossy olive grey in forewing, with the outer and snbterminal lines 
pale, the space between them darker ; fringe rufous ; hiudwing dull whitish, liroadly 
speckled with rufous olive along costa and termen, with a fuscous terminal band 
and outer line, not reaching inner margin. 

Head, inside of palpi, base of shoulders, the jirothoracic and metatlioracic tufts, 
and the basal tufts on dorsum dull brick-r(Ml ; palpi externally, a bar across face, 
the ujiper half of shoulders and the patagia blai^k ; dorsum fuscous with the tufts 
black; anal tufts beneath ochreons and deep yellow. 

Expanse of wings : 40 mm. 

1 ? from Amboyna, February 1892 (Doherty) ; 1 ? from Fergusson Island, 
December isOo (Meek) : 2 ? ? from St. Aignan, November 1897 (Meek) ; 1 ¥ from 
Great Kei, March 1897 (Doherty) ; 2 ? ? from Kei, November 1895 (Kilhn); 
2 ? ? from Geraldton, Cairns, Queensland (Meek); 1 c?, 1 ¥ (type) from Ninay 
Valley, Central Arfak Mts., Dutch New Guinea, December 1908 to January 19o9. 

07. Prospalta subhicens spec. nov. 

Forewing : greenish fuscous on a pinkish ochreons ground, which shows only 
along the course of the lines and slightly along inner margin ; lines double, blackish, 
containing an ochreons spot on costa ; inner line obliipie, angled outwards below 
vein 1 ; outer line bent outwards below costa, dentate-lunulate, incurved from 
4 to 2 ; snbterminal formed of ochreous lunules, preceded by black wedge-shaped 
marks, and followed by narrower ones, each ending in a pale dot before termen ; 
median shade distinct, bent in middle, zigzag above inner margin ; (davifonn stigma 
obscure, narrow, with dilfuse dark edges ; orbicular short and broad, with its lateral 
edges first pale, then Idack ; reniform large, 8-shaped, ochreous tinged with dark, 
edged with black, and containing within it in outline another figure of 8 ; a terminal 
series of dark pale-tipped sjiots ; fringe brown with dark crenulate line near base. 

Rhidwini/: whitish with broad fuscous terminal border and black lunulate 
terminal line ; the fringe whitish ; veins and cell-spot dark. 

Underside shining whitish tinged with grey ; costa ochreous dusted with 
greenish grey ; a grey cell-spot, outer line, and broad submarginal hand, which on 
costa of forewing is black with a ])alc spot in middU'. 

Head and thora.K greenish I'uscons ; the aliiliinicu grey ; pectus and legs grey 
speckled with jiale ; the tarsi blackish with the joints jiale. 

Expanse of wings : 34 — 38 mm. 

1 ¥ from Ganjam (Coll. Elwes) ; 1 S from Madras, March 1897 : 1 c? from 
Astrolabe Bay, German New Guinea, July (Wahnes); 1 S, Burdekin River, Queens- 
laud (Simsou) (type). The green tinge is very much more pronounced in the 
single ? than in any of the rJcJ. 



( 32 ) 

08. Frospalta pulverosa spec. nov. and ab. varieg'ata ab. nov. 

ForewiiHj : ulive grey tliickly liiisterl witb darker mixed with some pale scales ; 
Rubbasal and iiiiier lines donblo, dark, filled in with ochreoiis; the inner line dentate 
inwards on tiie veins ; tiie onter Innnlate-dentate, much more sinuous than in the 
allied species, followed by an ochreons band, which is traversed by a double fuscous 
line; snbmarginal line macular, ochreons, j)receded by a dark shade; claviform 
stigrma olive, outlined with bhu-k : orbicular round, with grey centre in an ochreons 
ring outlined with black; reuiform snbqnadrate, with a dark line on discocellidar 
edged on both sides with whiti>h, inwardly black-edged, externally with a brown 
lunule followed by ])ale points. 

llhalniiiij: olive fnscons in both se.xes, rather [laler basewards ; fringe tipjied 
with white. 

Underside whitish, dusted towards costa with olive scales, the disc in the 
forewing grey ; the termen with an obscure snbmarginal clond ; hiudwing with 
a black border from apex to below middle, a grey cell-spot, and slight outer line 
at costa. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen olive grey. 

Expanse of wings : 30 mm. 

1 i, Brisbane district, Queensland (type) ; 1 ?, Geraldton, Cairns, Queensland 
(Meek) ; 1 ?, Parkside, S. Australia ; 2 ? ? from the Barnard Collection, without 
exact locality, one of which is the t\'pe of variegata. 

60. Frospalta pallidipennis sjiec. nov. 

This species much resembles 1'. capens/s Gueu., but is smaller and paler, 
greyer without the red-brown tinge, bnt slightly brownish or reddish along the 
folds; the markings of forewing similar; distinguished by the hindwings, which 
are white with a dilfuse fuscous terminal border; the veins dark. 

4 c?(^ from the Nilgiris ; 1 S from the Khasia Hills, Assam; 2 Si from 
Kulu ; 1 S from N.'W. India. 

70. Perigea ochracea spec. nov. 

Forewing : greenish ochreons along costa above median vein and terminally 
down to vein 3 ; the lines marked on costa by pairs of oblit|ue darker green strigae ; 
from median vein to vein 1 the ground colour is more fulvous with a tinge of olive; 
inner margin marked with dark grey or pale grey or whitish scales, and with a 
patch of white beyond outer line ; inner line double, obliqne and obscure, but 
strongly angled on vein 1 and oblii[uely straight towards base of inner margin ; 
the median shade olive at costa and darker from vein i) to 1, beyond the reuiform 
forming a darker blotch ; stigmata variable, sometimes hardly marked, in other 
cases distinct, the reuiform with two dark dots on outer side before the dark 
blotch ; anal angle region snlfnsed with olive fuscous or brown, darkening the 
fringe; the submarginal line and the dark ai}ical streak both slight. 

Hindwing : reddish luteous or fuscous, with the terminal area from costa to 
vein 1 reddish fuscous or dark fuscous, its inner edge straight ; extreme termen 
pale with dark dots ; fringe pale with an irregular dark line through it. 

Underside ochreons, in the forewing tinged with reddish, leaving inner margin 
whitish, the costal and terminal areas ochreous dusted with dark, a reddish outer 



( 33) 

liue and l)road shade be)'ond it ; hiiidwing paler ochreons, the costa speckled with 
reddish ; a ring spot, onter line, and shade beyond it reddish. 

Head ochreons mixed with browQ ; shoulders dark brown, pale in front ; 
patagia fulvous ; thorax pale grey ; abdomen fulvous ochreons. 

Expanse of wings : 36 mm. 

2 d'cJ, 2 ??, from Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guiuea, 5000 ft., 
February to April 1900 (Meek). 

The ? ? have the hindwings redder, the cJ c? more fuscons. 

71. Perigea hilaris spec. nov. 

Forewing : bright fulvons yellow ; the inner margin brownish, with a bluish 
white streak from near base to inner line at vein 1 ; inner liue double, brown, 
oblique ; claviform stigma fulvous with black spot at extremity ; orbicular round, 
with brown outliue ; reniform large, figure-of-8-shaped, containing some black dots 
and brown scales ; median shade forming a large brown cloud on costa above 
stigmata, then reappearing as a curved brown shade from vein 5 to vein 1, touching 
outer line, which is Innnlate-dentate, brown and double, with black and white teeth 
on the veins ; an oblique brown line from below apex to outer line at vein 5 ; 
snbterminal line pale, defined by a dark shade preceding it, the inside of which is 
tinged with bine-grey between veins 2 and 5 ; a whitish patch on iiiuer margin 
at end of onter line ; anal angle shaded with dark fuscons running out into the 
fringe, which is brown, preceded by a row of small dark dots before termen. 

Hindwing : reddish suffused with fuscons. 

Underside glossy reddish ; costal area of both wings ochreons dusted with 
fuscous ; a dark cell-spot, onter line, and shade beyond it. 

Head dull fulvous; shoulders fulvous with upper half brown ; patagia brownish 
fulvous ; abdomen bright fulvous ; thorax and tuft on basal segment of dorsum 
pale grey ; palpi externally blackish. 

Expanse of wings : 48 mm. 

2 ? ? from Milne Bay, British New Guinea, December 1898 (Meek); 3 ? ? 
from the Upper Setekwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 2000 to 3000 ft., 
August 1910 (Meek); 1 ¥ from near Oetakwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New 
Guinea, 3500 ft., October to December 1910 (Meek) (type) ; 1 ? from Fergusson 
Island, September to December 1894 (Meek). 

Allied to P.fuscostrigata Beth. -Baker, but much brighter and. paler ; ail the 
examples hitherto seen are ¥ ¥ . 

72. Perigea olivacea spec. nov. 
Forewing : bone-colour suffused with olive grey, deeper towards inner margin 
and termen, and slightly brownish along the folds, but without any admixture of 
yellow or fulvous ; inner line marked only by white dashes on the veins edged with 
deep brown ; outer line the same, only visible below vein 6, the dashes lying on a 
red-brown shade which, above vein 6, runs obliquely to termen below apex ; stigmata 
hardly visible, except for some red-brown scales within them ; two red-brown spots 
beyond lower angle of cell ; submarginal liue marked by a rather olive-brown shade ; 
a row of small black dots before termen ; inner margin broadly streaked with red- 
brown, marked at two-thirds by a whitish blotch, where the outer line curves into 
it ; the anal angle darkened by a greyish black patch, running out into tlie fringe, 
which is darker also below apex. 
3 



( 3-t ) 

Himlirinq : olive fuscous, the fringe olive ochreous. 

Underside of forewing grey tinged externally with reddish ; the costal and 
terminal areas pale ochreous sjieckled with grey; the fringe grey-brown ; hiudwing 
pale ochreous, darker terminally with dark dentate outer line and dilfnse submarginal 
shade. 

Head and thorax olive ochreous ; upper part of face and palpi externally 
darker ; abdomen ochreous, the dorsum tinged with grey. 

Ex])anse of wings : 40 mm. 

3 ? ? from Sikkim, two taken by 0. Moller, dated May 1888, and the third by 
F. Moller. 

73. Perigea turpis spec. nov. 

Fomc/iif/ : pale dull greenish in costal half (becoming more ochreous when 
wasted), dull fulvous ochreous below middle, and fuscous brown along inner margin 
below vein 1, the whole dusted and suffused with grey; the inner line outwardly 
oblique and strongly angled, below vein 1 running obliquely inwards and filled up 
with white, which also runs diffusely along inner margin to a white blotch at end 
of outer line, which itself is filled up with white below vein 5 ; the stigmata of the 
usual shape, but ill-detined ; median shade forms a slight dark costal cloud, and a 
dark blotch beyond reniform, from which in most cases a dark band runs to inner 
margin before outer line ; terminal area more or less clouded with grey and fuscous, 
the outer half generally paler beyond the subtcrminal line, which is yellowish and 
regularly waved ; the oblique shade from apex not very strongly marked ; fringe 
olive, dark brown at anal angle. 

Hindwing : blackish, tinged towards anal angle and inner margin with reddish 
fulvous. 

Underside of forewing reddish ; the costal and terminal areas ochreous dusted 
with grey ; a dark outer line and diffuse fuscous-edged band ; hindwing ochreous 
dusted with rufous at custa, tinged with rufous below cell, with dark cell-spot, outer 
line, and submarginal shade. 

Face and palpi ochreous ; shoulders ochreous mixed with dark brown ; patagia 
ochreous ; thorax pale grej' ; abdomen ochreous, the dorsum in cf tinged with dark 
fuscous ; pectus and legs ochreous ; tarsi fuscous with pale joints. 

Expanse of wings : 48 mm. 

1 cJ, 2 ? ? from Upper Setekwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 
September I'JlU (Meek); 1 ¥, 2 cJcJ from near Oetakwa Uiver, Snow Mts., Dutch 
New Guinea, October — December 191U (^Meek) (type) ; 1 J',2 ¥ ? from Milne Bay, 
British New Guinea, November 1898 — January IsyU (Meek). 

74. Perigea semirufa spec. nov. and ab. rubrisufiusa ab nov. 
Forewing : olive more or less suffused with reddish, the olive remaining 
strongest at base, along costa, and towards termen ; or the suffusion is darker 
green with some brownish ; the inner margin is marked with white at the end of 
the inner, outer, and submarginal lines ; the costa is sprinkled with white beyond 
the outer line ; median shade dark olive, strongly angled on median vein before 
outer line; the outer line generally has the teeth strongly marked with white ; 
subtermiiiiil line yellowish, preceded by a dark green or reildish shade ; stigmata 
very indistinct ; sometimes the wing is varied with white scales ; there is generally 
a rufous shade running along subiuedian fold ; no dark oblique streak from apex, 
nor dark shade at anal angle ; fringe olive. 



( 35 ) 

HindiriiHi : brig'ht red, with greenish terminal spots and fringe. 

Underside ocbreons, tinged with bright red in cell of forewing ; the costa 
speckled with browu, the termen snffnsed with grey-browu ; a dark red outer line ; 
hindwing with costal area thickly red-speckled, tlie inner half jiale ocbreons ; a 
browu bent outer line in upper half. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen rufous. 

In the ab. rubrisujfusa the forewing is almost wholly reddish, only the costa 
and apex remaining olive ; the median shade is absent, and only the outer and 
subterminal lines are visible. 

Expanse of wings : 40 mm. 

2 cJc?, 2 ? ? from Upper Setekwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 
August — September 1910 (Meek) ; 1 ? from near Oetakwa River, Snow Mts., 
Dutch New Guinea, October — ^December 1910 (Meek) (type) ; 1 ? from Biagi, 
Mainbare River, British New Guinea, October — December 1906 (Meek), type of 
ab. rubrisujfusa. 

75. Acrapex melianoides spec. nov. 

Forewing : dull greyish ochreous with fuscous suiFnsion ; the paler ground 
colour forms two broadening streaks along the cell and submedian interspace, in the 
former case running up to apex ; costal area diffusely fuscous in the interstices, the 
veins remaining jiale ; a dark olive-fuscous streak below cell from base widens 
outwardly beyond middle, becoming more diffuse, its upper edge running oblirjuely 
to just below apex ; a third fuscous sufl'nsion along inner margin ; in the terminal 
darker area the veins are slightly paler ; orbicular and reniform stigmata indicated 
only by blackish dots above and on median vein ; faint traces of a dark dentate 
outer line ; some dark terminal spots ; fringe grey with a darker line at middle. 

Hindwing : dull dirty grey, darker at termen ; fringe pale with slight rufous 
tinge. 

Underside dull ochreous grey, the folds of forewing and the whole hindwing 
rather paler. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen all dull grey. 

Expanse of wings : 40 mm. 

4 ? ¥ taken by A. S. Meek on the Upper Setekwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch 
New Guinea, 2000 to 3000 ft., June— September 1910. 

The pale streaks along the folds show traces of a flesh-coloured tinge, which 
is probably stronger when the insects are quite fresh. Sn[)erficially the insect 
resembles the European Meliana Jiammea. Its nearest ally seems to be A. hrunnea, 
Hmps., from S. Africa, which is also recorded from Ceylon, Borneo, New Guinea, and 
Australia. 

76. Sesamia grisescens spec. nov. 

Forewing : dull cinereous dusted witli dark atoms ; the two folds and the inner 
margin dull flesh-coloured ochreous, the streaks reaching subterminal line ; inner 
line marked only by a dark spot on submedian fold ; outer line luiiulate-dentate, 
very obscure, the tooth on submedian fold marked by a dark spot ; a blackish spot 
on discocellular and another beyond cell ; fringe concolorons. 

Hindwing : dirty whitish, grey-tinged towards apex and termen ; fringe 
whitish. 

Underside slightly glossy, uniform dull grey, the iiindwing somewhat paler. 

Head, thorax, aud abdomen dull grey ; palpi externally darker. 



( 36 ) 

Expanse of wings : S 32 — 40 mm. ; ? 42 mm. 

4 (?<J, 2 ? ? taken b)' A. S. Meek ou tbe Upper Setekwa River, Snow Mts., 
Dutch New Guinea, 2(i00 to 3(i00 ft., Augnst and September 191U. The 9 is larger 
than the c?, bnt the S d appear to vary considerably in point of size. Its nearest 
ally is S. calamistis, Hmps., from 8. Africa. 

77. Chasmina gracilipalpis spec. nov. 

Forcicing : shining white ; three black spots in basal half of costa at the usual 
place of subbasal, inner, and median lines ; a subterminal dark brown gamma-shaped 
costal blotch, obliquely placed, with two whitish dots on costa and paler centre ; 
a faint row of black striae before termen joined at anal angle by an equally faint 
yellowish shade from vein 2 ; fringe white ; outer and terminal lines absent. 

Hindwing : white ; the fringe white. 

Underside of both wings white ; hindwing with small dark dots on termen 
beyond veins 4, .5, 6. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen shining white ; top of face with pale brown bar ; 
terminal segment of palpi pale brown ; tibiae and tarsi spotted as in rejecta F. 

Expause of wings : 30 mm. 

1 ? from Darjiling, Jnue 1886 (H. J. Elwes). 

Distinguished from the other species by the more slender and curved palpi, the 
terminal segment of which is twice as long as in rejechi and acute ; the shape of 
the subterminal costal blotch is also characteristic. 

78. Dadica albanalis spec. nov. 

Forewing : dark fuscous, rather greyish fuscous in the <? ; lines and markings 
almost jjrecisely the same as in D. lineosa Moore, but the distance between the 
inner and outer lines less. 

Hindwing : of ? dull pale grey, only slightly paler than in lineosa; of cj much 
paler, the contrast being greater in that the hindwing of lineosa is blackish fuscous ; 
the termen of hindwing is rounded in both sexes, whereas in lineosa 6 the termen 
is straight from tornus to vein .5, then rounded. 

Underside pale grey thickly speckled with coarse fuscous scales ; the outer 
lines and cell-spots thick and dark ; in the c? the space between the rough scaled 
costal area and the fringed area of inner margin is whitish, uuspeckled, interrujitiug 
the outer line. 

Head, thorax, aud abdomen dark fuscous ; anal tuft of the 6 white. 

Expanse of wings : 34 mm. 

1 c?, 1 ? from Ceylon (type) ; 1 ? from the Khasias appears to be the same 
species, but is paler; and the outer line of forewing is almost straight. 

The species agrees with lineosa in having veins 3 and 4 ot hindwing from 
cell ; whereas in bipuncta Snell (= stellata Moore) these veins are strongly stalked. 

Subfamily ERASTRIANAE. 
79. Leptosia griseimargo spec. nov. 
Fon'tcing : pale sandy rufous, except the narrow terminal area beyond sub- 
terminal line, which is grey, well defined by the crenulate subterminal line ; lines 
somewhat deeper rufous ; the costal streaks rufous ; inner-marginal area beyond 
middle diffusely tinged with grey. 



( 37) 

Hindiring : quite pale grey, especially the nnmarked areas in costal half of 
wing and along snbmedian fold. 

Underside wholly pale grey. 

Head, tiiorax, and abdomen pale rufous ; the middle segments of dorsum 
darker. 

Expanse of wings : 17 mm. 

1 ¥ from Algeria. 

80. Arisada mollis spec. nov. 

Forewing : pale yellowish ochreous ; the costal streak whitish ochreous ; 
crossed by five inwardly obliijne dull reddish bands ; the two antemedian narrow, 
wavy ; the median thicker, touching the cell-sjiot, which is large and ronnd, dark 
grey with a paler centre ; of the two postmediau the outer is strongly zigzag and 
angled outwards just below middle ; terminal area pale grey, with Innulate inner 
edge, which is a little darker and projects inwards between veins 5 and ; a row 
of black terminal spots; fringe yellowish grey. 

IJiiidicimj : with a straight pale yellow median line, the basal area dark grey 
towards the line and ochreous at base ; terminal area grey, as in forewing, 
preceded by a curved and waved grey band ; a slight dark cell-spot. 

Underside pale ochreous, washed in the forewing, except along inner margin, 
with dull greyish brown, with three darker bands, median, outer, and submarginal ; 
hindwing with grey cell-spot, straight median grey belt and curved snbmarginal 
band. 

Head, collar, and forelegs black-brown; thorax and base of dorsum pale 
ochreous ; rest of dorsum yellower and greyer, showing the pale line of hindwings 
before the anal segment ; pectus, legs, and venter ochreous. 

Expanse of wings : 30 mm. 

1 c? from Penang, Malay Peninsula, April 1898 (Curtis). 

81. Bostrodes sagittaria spec. nov. 

c?. Forewing : red-brown speckled with black ; costal streak snow-white, the 
extreme edge remaining red ; inner line whitish, outwardly dark-edged, inwardly 
oblique and slightly curved ; outer line snow-white, slender, inwardly oblique and 
straight ; subterminal line waved, whitish, externally dark-edged ; two blackish 
dots on discocellular one at each end, outwardly tipped with white ; from between 
them a slender straight white streak runs between veins 5 and 6 to termen ; black 
terminal spots ; fringe reddish. 

Hindwhig : with the outer line curved, broader, snow-white ; the subterminal 
line distinctly angled outwards between veins 5 and 6 ; a white line from outer line 
to termen through the angle ; cell-spot black. 

? darker red-brown ; the costal streak cream , white ; the transverse lines 
greyish yellow ; the black dot at lower end of cell followed by a short oblique 
pure white dash ; no white streak to termen between 5 and 6 on either wing. 

Underside shining whitish, greyer in forewing, especially in ?. 

Head, palpi, forelegs, and shoulders red-brown ; base of patagia white, con- 
necting the costal streaks ; rest of thorax and dorsum red-brown. 

Expanse of wings : c?(? 30—32 mm. ; ? ? 28—30 mm. 

2 c?(?, 3 ? ? from the Khasia Hills, Assam, the S <S taken in April 1896 and 
1897, the ? ¥ in February and May 1896. 



( 38 ) 

82. Bostrodes rufisecta spec nov. 

Foreiriiiq : dec]) red-brown, darker in the lisisal area bounded li}- the outer line ; 
a snow-white costal streak witli the extreme edge red; outer line from a red spot 
in rostal streak at two-thirds, bent out below costa, then obliquely sinuate inwards 
to before middle of inner margin, curved between veins ; snbterminal line shown by 
a row of dark spots between the veins ; at the lower end of cell a round pure white 
black-ringed dot ; a row of large black lunules along termen ; fringe red-brown. 

llimhrinq : with the base browner ; a straight, snow-white, unevenly crenulate 
line just beyond the middle on a band of bright brick-red ; the area beyond red- 
brown, with two blackish waved bands. 

Underside dull grey-white in hiudwiug, suffused with dull brown in the fore- 
wing ; the hindwing showing a dark grey pale-edged line. 

Head, pal|)i, forelegs, tegulae, thorax and dorsum deep red-brown ; base of 
patagia snow white connecting the costal streaks ; venter grey-white, like underside 
of hindwings. 

Expanse of wings : S 32 mm. ; ? 40 mm. 

1 c?, 1 ?, from the Khasia Hills, Assam ; the S taken in October 1895, the ? 
in April 1896. 

83. Micardia flaviplaga spec. nov. 

Forewing : a mixture of purjdish and olive, towards base and along cell diffusely 
varied with fulvous scales, the inner margin between the lines pale yellow tinged 
with fulvous; inner line oblique from inner margin near base to submedian fold; 
the outer from costa before apex is ontcurved to vein 6, whitish with a dark line at 
middle, then incurved to submedian fold, fine and obscure, thence oblique parallel to 
inner line to inner margin, broad and snow-white ; a small black spot on disco- 
cellular ; terminal area darker olive with a white snbterminal line, brightest at 
costa, and towards anal angle followed by fulvous scaling. 

Hindwing : brownish fuscous. 

Head, pectus, and prothorax pale lilac grey ; patagia yellowish, dorsum dark 
fuscous. 

Expanse of wings : 26 mm. 

1 (? labelled simply Japan. The specimen is slightly worn, and the course of 
the markings not in all places distinct ; it differs from typical Micardia in having 
much longer ciliations to the antennae. 

Subfamily ACONTIANAE. 

84. Aiteta angustipennis spec. nov. 

Like trigoniphora Hmps., but smaller, and with much narrower forewings, 
the lobe of inner margin nearer the middle ; ground colour more uniformly grey ; 
the green triangle edged with pinkish ; fringe of hindwing dark fuscous like the 
wing. 

Underside with the pink areas duller, diffused with grey. 

1 ? from Engano, September 1890 (W. Doherty). 

85. Aiteta careoides spec. nov. and ab. nigrimacula ab. nov. 

Forewing : fawn-colour, speckled and tinged with brown ; inner and outer lines 
brown, conversely pale-edged ; the inner oblique and slightly curved, the outer bent 



( 39 ) 

below costa, then iuwardly oblique, parallel to termeii ; this Hue is precedeil by a 
fuscous shade at costa, and the pale line edging it is itself followed by a dark 
line ; subtenuinal line represented by a row of dark spots ; a brown clond before 
termeu at middle; fringe dark brown; cell-.^iiot brown, preceded by a brown 
dot in cell. 

Hindwing : Inteons in basal half and along inner margin, the terminal area 
dull orange, like the fringe. 

Underside of forewing deep lirick-red ; the inner margin whitish ; the costal 
streak and apex dnll pink, sjieckled with dark ; hindwing ochreons, the costa and 
apex reddish speckled with brown : fringe red, in the forewing with the base dark 
brown. 

Head, shonlders, and palpi externally brownish fnlvous ; thorax and abdomen 
ochreous ; venter red. 

Expanse of wings : 30 mm. 

A d (type) and ¥ from Penang, 1896 (Curtis) ; 2 ? ? from Yonboi, Hainan, 
Jnne 1904. 

In the ? from Penang and one ? from Hainan the inner line of forewing 
is preceded on inner margin by a round velvety black spot = ab. nigrimacula 
ab. nov. 

86. Aiteta famata spec, nov, and subsp. griseomixta subsp. nov. 

Forewing: like that of elaina iSwinh. in markings, but differs in the fawn- 
coloured ground being almost obscnred by dense olive-fuscous irroratiou, showing 
chiefly, as also in elaina, in a patch before subterminal line on costa ; the scales 
are arranged in such a manner that they appear shagreened wlien viewed from 
the base outwardly ; the fringe has the inner half deep pink, the onter white. 

Hindwing : suffused with fuscous, paler below median, especially in the S, 
where the fuscous is blacker and the veins more strongly marked ; fringe as in 
forewing. 

Underside of forewing in both sexes blackish, with the costa narrowly and the 
apex and termen broadly dull {)ink ; of hindwing fuscous, broadly dull pink along 
costa, with the veins in ? pink. 

Head and thorax dark purplish brown ; the dorsum blacker than in elaina. 

Expanse of wings : 4.5 mm. 

3 c?(? from Ninay Valley, Central Arfak Mts., Dutch New Guinea, November 
to January 1909 (type) ; 1 ¥ from Setekwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 
October to December 1910 (Meek) ; 1 ? from Angabnnga River, British New 
Guinea, November 1904 to January 190.5 (Meek). 

The form occurring in the Solomon Islands — subsp. griseomixta nov., as 
represented by a single, somewhat worn ? from Tulagi — is much greyer, the 
fawn-colour of the upperside and the pink of the underside being all but 
obsolete. 

87. Aiteta nifula spec. nov. 

Forewing : rufous o?.hreous mixed with grey : the basal patch, central area, 
and termen tinged with fnlvous ; basal patch edged by a dark curved line, not 
reaching below submedian fold ; inner and outer lines blackish, conversely edged 
with white, coalescing on inner margin, the fulvous area enclosed containing 
some irregular dark patches and a black cell-spot, followed on costa by a grey 



( 40 ) 

patch across which the veins are whitish ; snbmarginal line whitish at costa, 
preceded by dark spots between veins ; the terminal area greyish fnlvous. 

Hindwing : brownish fuscons. 

Underside of forewing dull pink tinged with grey ; a dark blotch at end of 
cell ; hindwing whitish, Iwith costa, termen, and onter line greyish pink ; a 
large dark grey cell-spot. 

Head and thorax rnfoiis ochreous ; dorsum dark grey with paler rings. 

Expanse of wings : 30 mm. 

1 ? from Cherrapnoji, Assam, September 1893. 

88. Carea nebulifera sfjec. nov. 

Forewing : fawn-brown with a violet tinge, thickly speckled with black ; 
viewed from the base outwards lustrous violet grey ; lines brown, straight and 
parallel, conversely pale-edged, each followed by an olive tawny shade ; cell-spot 
black, above a small dark cloud ; faint traces of a dark submarginal line ; 
termen, apex, and fringe pale brown ; apex slightly produced, termen somewhat 
sinuous. 

Hindwing: dull orange, the inner margin olive grey. 

Underside olive ochreous along costa of forewing, whitish along inner margin, 
reddish orange between : hindwing ochreous, the costal and terminal areas reddish 
speckled with olive brown. 

Head and shoulders pale rufous ; thorax and patagia darker, more brownish ; 
dorsum dark olive fuscous ; venter and legs ochreous tinged with rufous. 

Expanse of wings : 36 mm. 

1 S from the Khasia Hills, Assam. 

89. Carea trilineata spec. nov. 

Forewing : dull brownish fnlvous speckled with black ; lines blackish ; inner 
and outer nearly vertical on each side of the black cell-spot, the outer slightly bent 
below costa ; submarginal line thicker, dentate, somewhat interrupted between 
4 and 6; a diffuse dark cloud oblique from bottom of inner line to end of cell ; 
fringe dark brown, marked with two white lunules at anal angle ; in the ? with 
short white dashes at ends of veins. 

Hindwing : orange reddish, paler towards base and costa, olive grey along 
inner margin. 

Underside of forewing fawn-colour along costa, glossy bone-colour along inner 
margin, orange red between ; termen fuscous-speckled mixed with white scales at 
apex ; fringe dark brown ; hindwing yellow ochreous, tinged with reddish along 
costa and termen with darker speckling ; an angulated red cell-spot. 

Head and thorax brownish fnlvous ; dorsum olive fuscons ; venter and legs 
rufous ochreous ; tarsi brown with pale joints ; palpi externally brown. 

Expanse of wings : 38 — 41 mm. 

1 S from the Khasias, July 1896 (type) ; 1 ? Poeh Mts., Sarawak, Borneo, 
July 1892 (Everett) ; 1 ? from Penang. 

90. Carea diluta spec. nov. 

Closely resembling C. trilineata Warr., but larger ; the forewing more fnlvous, 
and clouded with dark shades. 



( 41 ) 

Hindioing : paler, suffused all over with pale orange, the inner margin 
hardly grey. 

Underside of both wings pale ochreous, tinged with rnfous along costa and 
termen, without dark speckling or white scales at apex of forewiug ; the disc of 
forewing not orange red. 

Thorax and patagia brighter fulvous. 

Expanse of wings : 44 mm. 

1 3 from Rukit Putus, Selangor, 30U0 ft., May 1896 (Curtis) (type); 2 (?(? from 
Gnnong Ijau, 20U0— 3000 ft., March 1898 (Butler). 

91. Carea venusta spec. nov. 

Forewing : rich deep vinous fulvous, the Hues aud shadings purplish black ; 
the base, costa, inner margin, and termen beyond subterminal line all suffused 
with dark; inner and outer lines thick, vertically waved; a large subqnadrate 
blotch at end of cell, connected with an oblique blotch from inner margin ; fringe 
purplish black. 

Hindwing : pure white : the termen from apex to vein 2 dusted with dull 
pink ; the veins pale pink. 

Underside of forewing purple red in costal half, pale ochreons below 
middle ; the costal streak and termen, especially towards apex, dusted with white 
scales ; hindwing white, dusted with purple scales on costal half and termen 
above middle. 

Face, vertex, and shoulders bright fulvous red, the last black-edged ; thorax 
and patagia dark purple ; dorsum olive fuscous, purplish towards anus, the 
tufts of which are yellow ochreous ; venter and legs pale purplish and white ; 
tarsi purple black and snow-white ; palj)i dark purple pepi)ered with white. 

Expanse of wings : 40 mm. 

1 S from the Taiping Hills, Malay Peninsula, August 1904 (F. M. S.). 

92. Carea balteata spec. nov. 

Forewing : rufous ochreous with a few brown speckles ; crossed by a broad, 
dark brown median fascia, bounded by the slightly darker brown inner and outer 
lines, both excnrved below middle ; subterminal line brown, forming a thick 
crescent at costa, sharply angled outwards on vein 6, then slightly marked to anal 
angle; cell-spot black, preceded by a small fulvous mark ; a fulvous tinge along 
submedian fold across the band ; fringe chequered dark and light, beyond a 
fine dark terminal line. 

Hindwing : yellowish orange. 

Underside ochreons : costa and termen of both wiugs speckled with reddish ; 
disc of forewing orange red, cell-spot of hindwing red. 

Head and thorax rnfous ochreons ; dorsum grey ; venter and legs rufous. 

Expanse of wings : 38 mm. 

1 ? from Rukit Putus, Selangor, Malay Peninsula, 3000 ft.. May 1896 
(Curtis). 

93. Carea carneplagiata spec nov. 

Forewing ; flesh-coloured ochreous suffused with deep purplish brown, the 
pale ground colour shown only in an irregular oval patch from costa to vein 1, 
bounded externally by the waved double outer line, and containing some brown 



( 42) 

flecks and the black cell-spot ; space between outer and siibterminal lines deeper 
flesh-colonr above vein 3 and interrupted beyond cell; tbe veins finely flesh-colour 
towards tcrmen ; fringe deep red or iiur|)lish. 

Himlwing : whitish at base, olive grey along inner margin, the termen bright 
rosy pink. 

Underside of forewing pink, along inner margin glossy white ; the costa pale 
fawn-colour ; apex with a dark purplish brown cloud sprinkled with white scales ; 
fringe deep red ; hindwing ochreons, dusted with rufous along costa; the teriuen 
from apex to vein 2 tinged with purple brown ; fringe jiink. 

Head, shoulders, patagia, and thorax deep j)ur[)le flecked with fnlvous ; 
dorsum grey with whitish segmental rings ; venter and pectus pure white, legs 
white flecked with purplish. 

Expanse of wings : 30 mm. 

2 ? ? from Penang, 1896, and May 1897 (Curtis). 

94. Carea albimargo spec. uov. 

Forewing : rich dee]) fnlvous, more or less obscured by olive-fiiscous suffusion ; 
costal streak snow-white almost to apex; a subcostal streak, the cell before 
cell-spot, a streak along submedian fold from near base, the space immediately 
preceding outer line below middle, and the veins before termen are all fnlvous; the 
cell-spot lies in a broad dark shade running externally towards apex and internally 
towards bottom of inner line ; the dark waved outer line, which is plain, forms a 
strong projection outwards between veins 3 and 4 ; terminal intervals between 
veins olive fuscous, on which the subterminal line is marked by ])atches of white 
scales edged with black, the terminal spots being similar, but smaller : fringe with 
basal half fnlvous mottled with olive fuscous, the tips silvery white. 

Hind wing : glossy olive-grey, the veins towards termen and fringe dull pink ; 
basal area and inner margin somewhat paler. 

Underside of forewing fuscous and grey ; costa reddish ; veins towards termen 
reddish ; a broad dark fuscous snbmarginal shade beyond which the termen is 
speckled grey and black ; an ochreons ])atch at end of cell ; fringe red in basal half, 
white in apical ; hindwing whitish, with dark cell-lunule ; the veins [link ; costa 
and termen broadly speckled with purple; fringe as in forewing. 

Head, shoulders, and patagia purplish brown ; the thorax reddish fulvous ; 
dorsum glossy olive-grey ; venter whitish ; fore and mid legs purplish fawn- 
colour ; the first segment of foretarsus broadly white externally. 

Expanse of wings : 40 mm. 

1 ? from Kiiia Balu, N. Borneo (Everett). 

95. Carea vulpina spec. nov. 

Resembles C. albimargo in markings, but smaller in point of size. 

Foreu'ing : with the ground colour olive rufous, mucli less suffused with grey, 
which is confined to tlie basal and terminal areas and the clond around and below 
cell-spot ; inner and outer lines olive ; the inner oblique and irregularly waved ; 
the outer formed of lunules between the veins, indented on the folds and excnrved 
between, not forming so strong a projection between veins 3 and 4 ; veins towards 
termen more finely rnfous, the dark intervals broader ; subterminal line formed 
of wedge-shaped dark spots edged with white scales ; fringe rnfous ; costal streak 
more narrowly white. 



(43) 

Hiiulwiny : olive fuscous, with veias towards termen and the fringe dull pink. 

Underside of forewing rufous, diffusely fuscous in and beyond cell; the 
intervals dusted with fuscous ; some white scales before apex ; fringe rufous ; 
hindwiug whitish speckled with fuscous and rufous along costa and broadly along 
termen ; the veins and fringe rufous. 

Head and thorax bright rufous ; dorsum glossy grey, the aual tip rufous • 
venter whitisli ; first segment of foretarsus broadly white. 

Expanse of wings : 37 mm. 

1 ? from the Poeh Mts., Sarawak, Borneo, July 1892 (Everett). 

96. Carea hepatica sjiec. nov. 

Forewing : dull red-brown with an olive tinge ; the lines and shadings 
purplish ; the basal and terminal areas purplish ; the lines dark brown, oblique 
and slightly waved ; the outer projecting strongly below middle, as in vulpina and 
albimargo, and followed by another dark line ; subterminal line formed of darker 
spots between veins, outwardly edged by spots of bluish grey ; cell-spot diffuse, 
dark, on an obliquely transverse deeper shade ; fringe concolorous. 

Hindwing : dull orange red terminally, the inner margin olive grey. 

Underside of forewing dull reddish, darker terminally ; hindwing ochreons, 
tinged witii reddish along costa and termen. 

Head and thorax like forewings ; dorsum olive grey ; venter and pectus white. 

Expanse of wings : 36 mm. 

One ? from Ramboekers, Tondano (Weigall). 

This species is closely allied to C. vulpina and C. albimargo Warr. 

97. Carea mediogrisea spec. nov. 

Forewing: dull red-brown, speckled with dark brown; inner and outer lines 
dark brown, tbick, conversely concave, farther apart on inner margin than on costa, 
enclosing a wide oval space of lilac grey with the black cell-dot in middle; the 
costa between and on each side of the lines marked with whitish grey scales; 
subterminal line preceded on costa by a brown blotch, interrupted below 6, and 
cloudy to anal angle ; a pale grey blotch at apex ; fringe brown with large white 
spots at the ends of the veins. 

Hindwing : pale orange red, along costa whitish. 

Underside ochreous, in the forewing suffused, in the hindwing speckled with 
rufous ; some dark grey mixed with white scales at apex of forewing ; fringe of 
forewing deej) brown with round white spots. 

Head and thorax fulvous brown ; dorsum dark grey ; venter and legs rufous 
ochreous. 

Expanse of wings : -44 mm. 

I 6 from Mt. Mulu, N. Borneo, 1000—4000 ft. (Hose). 

98. Carea antennata sjicc. nov. 

Forewing : rufous brown, rather darker in the ¥ ; lines ferruginous, oblique 
and parallel, the inner slightly, the outer more strongly sinuous ; subterminal line 
marked by chocolate brown spots between the veins, outwardly edged with pale 
scales ; some pale scales also at termen between the veins which are rufous ; fringe 



( 44 ) 

dark brown in basal half, white mottled with pink in apical ; cell-spot obscure, 
placed on a diffuse oblicine dark shade ; onter line often followed b)- a dark shade ; 
owing to the dark brown sntfasion all the markings are more obscure in the 5 . 

Hindicinq : olive grey at base, terminally reddish, brighter in S than ?. 

Underside of forewing deep rufous, sprinkled with white along costa; some 
brown scales mixed with white before apex ; fringe dark brown ti{)ped with red ; 
hindwing ochreons thickly irrorated with rufous, mixed along costa with brown. 

Head, thorax, and dorsum dark red-brown, paler in 6 ; venter, pectus, and 
legs rufous ; tarsi white flecked with purple. 

Expanse of wings : 40 mm. 

2 (?£?, 2 ? ? from Kina Balu, N. Borneo. 

The ciliations of the antennae of the i are longer than usual in the genns. 

99. Carea fulvescens spec. nov. 

Forewing: deep fulvous red, more or less entirely obscured by deep purplish 
suffusion ; a small patch near base of inner margin, a patch in cell, and the space 
before and beyond the praesnbmarginal shade alone remaining fulvous ; costal edge 
fulvous red ; lines very indistinct; the inner obliijue, the outer nearly vertical, both 
slightly waved ; fringe purplish. 

Hindwing : whitish along costa, olive grey on inner margin, terminally rather 
bright orange red. 

Underside of forewing rufous, deeper in cell ; some brown scales along costa 
towards apex ; fringe dark purplish brown marked with white at tornns ; hindwing 
ochreons tinged with rufous along costa and termen with some brown scaling. 

Head and thorax purplish brown ; dorsum olive grey ; venter ochreons ; legs 
tinged with rufous. 

Expanse of wings : 30 mm. 

1 i from Mt. Gede, West Java, 4000 ft., 1898 (Fruhstorfer) ; 2 ? ? from 
Little Kei Island (H. Kiihn), both somewhat worn, appear to belong here; in the 
forewing they are more suffused with deep purple, and the hindwing is much 
deeper red. 

100. Carea papuensis spec. nov. 

Forewing : dull red-brown irrorated with black, with a bronzy purplish flush ; 
inner and outer lines chocolate brown, oblique and parallel, enclosing the black 
cell-spot, below which a diffuse dark shade runs obliquely from bottom of inner line 
to lower end of cell ; basal area and space between outer and snbterminal lines 
darker, especially along a shade immediately preceding the latter line; fringe 
bronzy purplish, with a white spot at anal angle. 

Hindwing : deep red ; the inner margin olive fuscous. 

Underside of both wings deep brick-red; the inner margin of forewing pale; 
apex of both wings sprinkled with purplish scales ; fringe of forewing deep purple; 
of hindwing red mottled with purple towards apex. 

Head, thorax, shoulders, and patagia olive brown ; dorsum olive grey ; the 
anus red; venter, pectus, and legs red; forelegs with first tarsal segment broadly 
white externally. 

Expanse of wings : c? 30 mm. ; ? 34 mm. 

1 cJ, 1 ? from Biagi, Mambare River, British New (iuinea, oOOO ft., April 1906 
(A. S. Meek). 



( 45 ) 

Genns Autanthema gen. nov. 

Tongue present ; frons smooth, with a slight tni't above, thinly scaled below; 
palpi upturned, the second segment broadly scaled in front, the third pointed ; 
antennae of <S filiform, simple, in both sexes nearly as long as forewing ; thorax 
smoothly scaled ; the metathorax with a flattened tuft ; two small tufts on basal 
segments of dorsum ; pectus and femora woolly ; forewing of equal width through- 
out ; the costa curved, apex rounded, termen curved ; veins 7, 8, 9 quite shortly 
stalked; hindwing with veins 3, 4 stalked; the coloration in the sexes different. 
Type : ^1. dicersicolor spec. nov. 

101. Autanthema diversicolor spec. nov. 

(?. Forewing . bright olive green in basal half, crossed by a wavy white line 
near base, and limited by a white line running from costa before middle to inner 
margin before anal angle, angled outwards at ujjper end of cell, then sinuate, 
vertical below 2 ; beyond this line bright blue, becoming deep blue mixed with 
black before the white subterminal line, which forms a white blotch at anal angle 
running out into the fringe, and is followed by a blue-black spot on costa and 
a blue-black band below vein 6, the apex and apical fringe being white ; some 
black terminal lunules between veins 2 and 6 ; fringe grey from 6 to 2, white above 
and below. 

Hindwing : black ; the fringe grey, paler in apical half. 

Head, shoulders, patagia, and dorsal tufts on basal segments olive green ; 
thorax green and white ; abdomen orange. 

Underside of both wings black with the apical fringes white. 

? . Forewing : with a deep green patch at base of costa, followed by an oblique 
baud of pale fawn-colour speckled with green, edged by the white inner line, which 
is angled outwards on subcostal vein, indented on median, then excurved ; outer 
line as in the c?, but bent inwards below vein 2 to beyond middle of inner margin ; 
the area between the lines deep green ; the area beyond outer line bright brick-red, 
edged by the diffuse white subterminal line, which is less distinct than in the cJ, 
and is followed by a red spot at costa and reddish baud from to 2, where there 
are black terminal lunules ; fringe red in middle, white at each end. 

Hindwing : black ; the fringe brick-red, black below vein 2. 

Head pale green ; shoulders and patagia dull ferruginous ; thorax white tipped 
with ferruginous orange ; the basal tufts of dorsum orange ; abdomen green overlaid 
with yellow. 

Underside of both wings black in basal half, dull red in outer. 

Expanse of wings : S 28 mm. ; ¥ 32 mm. 

1 c?, 3 ? ? from Upper Setekwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea (Meek). 

Genus Tridentifrons gen. nov. 

Tongne absent ; frons produced into a conical process ending in front in a 
trifid beak ; the frons itself and the vertex above rough-haired ; palpi porrect, the 
second segment densely rough-haired, the third short, rounded, depressed ; antennae 
of cJ (?), of ? lamellate, with short fine bristles ; abdomen elongate ; forewing 
elongate triangular, the costa slightly arched at base, the apex prominent, termen 
obliquely curved, hardly crennlate ; neuratiou normal. Type : T. insuLaris spec. nov. 



( 46 ) 

ln2. Tridentifi-ons insularis spec. nov. 

Foreidng : greyish ochreutis, tinged in and below cell and along ternien with 
brownish fuscous ; a black streak from base below cell ; the lines very indistinct ; 
the inner excnrvod above and below mediau vein, on which and on vein 1 it is 
inwardly dentate ; outer line lunulate-dentate, outcurvcd above round cell ; orbicular 
stigma small, round, dark at centre with a pale ring ; reniform limited internally 
by a jiale Innnle followed by a dark one and externally undefined ; subterminal line 
pale, but ill-defined, precedeU by a row of curved blackish wedge-shaped marks 
between veins 2 and 7 ; median vein and veins towards termeu pale grey ; the 
terminal dark shade obliquely limited above by a pale streak from apex ; a row of 
terminal black Innules ; fringe with dark brown traversing line. 

Ilin<lirin<j : pale grey, darker along termen ; fringe pale with base yellow and 
the tips white beyond a dark dividing line. 

Underside greyish ochreons, greyer in forewing ; terminal liinules and fringe 
as above ; hindwing ochreous with round dark cell-sjiot and obscure curved outer 
line. 

Head, shoulders, and patagia brownish : thorax aud abdomen shining grey like 
Lindwings. 

Expanse of wings : ? , 44 mm. 

2 ? ? from Palabuan, Java. 

II '3. Beara simplex spec. nov. 

Forewing: dull lilac grey, slightly dusted with olive rufous; the lines very 
obscure, placed as in nubiferella Wlk. ; the shade from anal angle present beyond 
outer line ; the subterminal liue indented only on vein 5 ; the terminal dots minute ; 
fringe grey with a rufous flush. 

Hindwing: greyish white, washed with olive rufous in outer half; the fringe 
rufous grey. 

Underside whitish tinged with grey in forewing, with the interior dull rufous ; 
hindwiug dusted with rufous at apex. 

Head and thorax olive grey ; the abdomen rufous grey ; pectus, venter, and 
legs whitish. 

Expanse of wings : 26 mm. 

1 ? from Adonara, November 1891 (\V. Doherty). 

The termen of forewing is quite simple, neither indented below apex, nor 
gibbous below middle ; veins 3, 4 of hindwing stalked. 

104. Ariola triangulifera spec. nov. 

This species difi'ers from A. coelistgiia Wlk., the type of the genus, in the 
wings being shorter aud broader ; the dark green costal area, instead of being a 
shallow curve, is triangular in shape, the apex of the triangle lying on submedian 
fold ; the inner edge starting from costa near base instead of from the base of wing 
itself; the white limiting patches interrupted at the apex. 

New Georgia (type) aud Gnadalcanar, Solomon Islands ; Milne Bay, New 
Guinea ; Amboina. 

105. Ariola pallidithorax spec. nov. 

Like coelinigna Wlk., but smaller ; the thorax and patagia white instead of 
greenish ; the white patch at base of inner margin, as well as the smaller violet 



( 47 ) 

patch on it, broader. In the hindwiug veins 3, 4 are on a longer stalk, and 5 is 
stalked with them. 

3 (J (J from Tambora. 

The two species of Ariola above described belong to a different section of the 
genus from coelisiqna Wlk., the S of which possesses a small gland in the anal 
angle of hindwing. 

lo6. Tathothripa abbreviata spec. nov. 

Forewing : differs from T. continua Wlk. $ {= de/fexu ^Vlk. ? ) in the white 
area of the inner margin being cut short jnst beyond the indentation, which in this 
species is just beyond and not before middle of wing, almost the anal third being 
dark ; the dark costal portion of wing is obscurer, the cross-lines not being followed 
and emphasised by paler scaling ; both wings are darker, deeper fnscons, l)oth above 
and below ; and the abdomen is blackish grey. 

1 S, the same size as continua, from the Upper Setekwa River, Snow Mts., 
Dutch New Guinea, 2UU0— 3000 ft., September 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

The species is remarkable on account of the exaggerated length of the abdomen. 

107. Tathothripa nigricristata spec. nov. and ab. inversa ab. nov. 

Forewing : with the white inner-marginal area, as in abbreoiata Warr., 
interrupted beyond the indentation, which, as in continua, is not beyond the middle 
of wing, but the curved u[)per edges of the two patclies towards anal angle remain 
grey, and the dark cross-lines are very clearly followed by pale grey spaces ; the 
hindwiug is black with pale fringe ; the white tuft on metatborax is tipped with 
black scales ; the abdomen, which in this form is not particularly elongate, is dull 
blackish with yellowish anal tuft ; in all tlie specimens of continua Wlk. that I 
have seen, those with the whole inner margiu white are SS, and those with the 
curved basal portion only white are 2 ? ; iu one of three specimens of tiie present 
species — ab. inversa ab. nov. — this distinction does not hold good, as, though an 
undoubted S, it shows only the white basal area of the ?. 

All three examples are from the Ninay Valley, Central Arfak Mts., Dutch New 
Guinea. 

108. Tympanistes alternata spec. nov. 

Forewing : pale greyish ochreous with a greenish tinge ; the lines purplish 
grey, wavy, double ; the arms far apart ; inner line oblicpie outwards to median 
vein, then inwards ; the space between them filled in with olive brown tinged with 
reddish ; a reddish blotch at base of inner margin, with a black dot above on 
median vein ; outer line excurved from subcostal vein to vein 2, the space between 
the arms tilled in with olive brown or reddish ; subterminal line very strongly 
waved, projecting outwards between veins (J, 7 and 3, 4, also followed by a less 
distinct grey arm ; terminal spots round and black ; fringe pale ochreous ; the 
median area between the two fasciae is generally filled up with reddish fuscous 
below submedian fold. 

Hindwing : deep briclc-red, paler along costa ; fringe red. 

The ? is much paler in both wings. 

Underside of cT dull red, of the ? more ochreous red. 



(48) 

Head and thorax concolorons with the pale gronnd colour of forewing ; dorsum 
deep red in <J, ochreoiis tiii{,axl with red in ?. 
Expanse of wings : 32 mm. 
2 (?c?, 1 ? from the Khasia Hills, Assam. 

101). Maceda rotundimacula spec. nov. 

Forewing: pale grey tinged with olive and much snflfnsed with dull rufous; 
the apical area blackish fuscous, its inner edge diffuse, curved from just beyond 
middle of costa to above tornus ; at the apex a round whitish spot ; before the 
dark apical area the ground colour is grey without any rufous mixture ; the upper 
part of it is formed by the broad black outer line, which below vein 5 becomes 
vertically dentate and olive rufons ; snbbasal line black, swollen on inner margin ; 
inner line interrupted and obscure, apparently shaped as in rufescens Beth. -Baker, 
marked by a dark spot on costa and inner margin, and indented on submedian 
fold; cell-spot black. 

Hindicing : black along termen and inner margin, smoky fuscons towards 
base, with tlio veins black and a whitish patch between the bases of veins 2 to 5 ; 
the fringe with a white patch beyond submedian fold. 

Underside fuscous with the apex brown ; the foveal space in cell small and 
inconspicuous ; hiudwing white ; the terminal border broad and blackish, not 
reaching above vein 6, its inner edge angled inwards on submedian fold, its outer 
with a white terminal patch on it ; cell-spot black ; fringe white. 

Head, palpi, and tegulae dark fuscous ; thorax and patagia rufous, like basal 
area of forewing ; dorsum fuscous ; the anal tuft of cJ ochreous yellow ; venter and 
pectus dull white. 

Expanse of wings : 30 mm. 

2 cJJ from the Augabunga Kiver, British New Guinea (type), and Mackay, 
Queensland. 

110. Maceda ignefumosa spec. nov. 

ForewiiKj : olive cinereous ; a fiery red patch at base of costa traversed by 
the black snbbasal liue, and ending just below median vein in two bright yellowish 
white spots, one on either side of the liue ; inner line blackish, thick and difi'use 
from costa to median vein, on which it is indented, again indented on vein 1 and 
outcurved above and below it ; at costa it is preceded by a dark cloud of black 
and red intermixed; cell-spot narrow, black ; outer line black, shaped much as in 
inansueta Wlk. ; subterminal line marked only by the edge of the dark shade 
preceding it, which at costa is mixed with reddish ; terminal shade slightly darker ; 
fringe dull j)urple, with minute wiiite dots at base. 

Hintliviiiy : dull smoky purplish grey, with the veins blackish and the 
terminal border broadly black ; a uarrow whitish streak at base of submedian 
fold ; fringe fuscous from apex to vein 4, fuscons and white below, wholly white 
and broader beyond veins 3 aud 4. 

Underside of forewing fuscous, the inner margin narrowly white, the costa 
and apex reddish brown ; hiudwing bluish white with a black cell-spot ; terminal 
border broadly black ; fringe black above vein 3, white below. 

Head and palpi black ; thorax olive cinereous ; base of tegulae with a fiery 
orange belt ; abdomen olive brown tinged with fuscons ; pectus, venter, and 



( 49 ) 

inside of legs white ; legs black mixed with white, the tarsi black with the joints 
white. 

Expanse of wings : <? 36 mm. ; ? 40 mm. 

5 <?(J, 12 ? ¥ from Now (Jninea : Biagi, Marabare River; Angabunga River; 
Upiicr Setekwa River ; Ootakwa River ; Ninay Valley. 

111. Maceda riifibasis spec. nov. and ab. interjimcta ab. nov. 

Forewing : with the basal area olive rufons ; the subbasal line black, projecting 
and swollen along inner margin : the rest of wing snffnsed with purplish 
fnscoQS, the median area darkest, leaving the apical space above vein 6 between 
the outer line and terminal sliado wliitish or brownish, traversed by the blackish 
snbterminal line, preceded on costa hy a dark blotch ; the median area is edged 
internally by a broad pale oblique slightly curved whitish line, which sometimes is 
absent ; the outer edge of median area at costa and inner margin is followed by 
a whitish ochreous line, which often reaches across wing; tlie black eell-s])ot is 
followed by a white dot ; fringe brownish fuscous, with a pale line at base. 

Hindwing : with broad black marginal border running up below cell to base; 
the base of veins 2 to .5 white, the cell and space beyond smoky grey, with the 
veins and cell-spot black ; fringe white from vein 5 to anal angle, with a slight 
white tooth at end of submedian fold. 

Underside of forewing fuscous with the ape.x brown ; in the c? the costa at 
base and the interspaces between the bases of veins 2 and 4 white ; the outer half 
of cell hyaline white ; hindwing white, with broad black terminal border leaving 
two white patches along termen ; cell-spot black : fringe white except at apex. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen concolorous with basal area of forewing, the 
dorsum blackish ; venter and pectus white ; legs fawn-colour ; tarsi black with 
white joints. 

Expanse of wings : 34 mm. 

" c? c?, 2 ¥ ? from New Guinea : Upper Aroa River ; Biagi, Mambare River ; 
Angabunga River ; Ninay Valley, Arfak Mountains (type) ; and Brisbane, 
Queensland. 

A form analogous to one of the aberrations of mansueta Wlk. occurs also in 
this species — ab. interjuncta ab. nov. ; the outer third of forewing is brownish or 
brownish flesh-colour, with the submarginal line black and strongly dentate across 
it ; the outer line also acutely dentate, and emitting a dark streak along vein 6 
to the terminal cloud ; the median area in this form docs not remain black, but 
becomes either rufous olive like the basal area or whitisli with the lower third 
black. 

2 (? c? from the Ninay Valley, Arfak Mts. 

Subfamily NOGTUINAE. 
112. Arete papuensis spec. nov. and ab. albimixta ab. nov. 

Forewing : brown suffused with darker, and sparsely dusted with bluish 

scales; the lines black; a large black blotch at base above vein 1, sometimes 

reaching through cell to costa ; the subbasal line marked narrowly on costa ; inner 

line black, angled outwards on submedian vein and outcurved above and below 

4 



( •'■'« ) 

vein 1 ; a hlaokish lilotoh on subcostal vein above reniform ; orbicnlar a small 
black dot; reniform brownish oclireous, marked with black spots as in modesta; 
median shade thick, twice incnrved below the median vein ; enter line oblique 
outwards and sharply angled on vein 4, then obliiiiie inwards, twice incnrved 
below vein 2 and aiigleil outwards on vein 1 ; beyond it a thick black obliijae shade 
from costa, followed by a i)atch of white scales on costa ; submarginal line pale, 
preceded by a large black patch below vein C and again from 2 to inner margin ; 
terminal area with black marks between the veins below (i ; a row of black 
terminal s])<its : towards the termen tlie brown shows coppery I'nlvons reflections. 

Him/icing : slaty blackish ; the markings as in graniilntii. 

Underside slaty black ; a broad slaty blue band beyond outer black band and 
the terminal area slaty blue with some dark shades ; an oblong slaty blue streak 
before the black band bevoud cell in forewing and a series of them between the 
veins in hindwing ; costa of forewing bright fulvous. 

Head and thorax rufous olive brown mixed with bluish scales; dorsum slaty 
fnscons. 

In the ab. albimi-vta ab. nov. the median area of forewing along costa, the 
cell and space beyond, and that below median vein beyond inner line, are all 
marked with white scales. 

Expanse of wings: 85 mm. 

2 Si, ~ ? ? — one pair representing the type, the otlier the aberration — from 
Ninay Valley, Central Arfak Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, ;i.5U0 ft., November 
190S to January 1009. 

The wings are broader and sliorter than in gninulata Guen.,the hindwing more 
rounded. 

113. Carteia subpallida spec. nov. 

Eesembles C. luteiceps Wlk., but smaller; the S darker, the ? paler; the 
lines in the ? paler, rust-colour; the reniform stigma darker; the chief dilferences 
are found on the underside ; this is ochreous instead of yellow, without black 
speckling; the forewing with scarcely a trace of outer line, and the terminal 
border of hindwing as broad and dark as of forewing in both sexes ; the ab. 
deminuta ab. nov. is a small grey form with the reniform stigma ])rominentIy 
black. 

Exj)anse of wings : S 30 mm. ; 28 mm. ; of deminuta 24 mm. 

A very large number from various localities in Hainan, including three 
examples of the aberration. 

114. Carteia stigmatica spec nov. 

(J. Foreioing : fawn-colour; the lines dark brown and straight; the inner 
vertical and thick ; the outer, beyond one-third, finer, followed, after a narrow pale 
interval, by a thick brown slightly curved line with a faint brownish dentate-edged 
shaile beyond it ; space between inner and outer lines suffused more or less with 
brownish ; reniform stigma large, pale green edged with brown ; a faint row of 
dark dots before termen ; fringe paler. 

llindirinq : fuscous ochreous or fuscous grey, with a broad blackish terminal 
border preceded by a dark outer line ; fringe rufous. 

?. Foretping: much paler; tlie lines thinner; the slender outer line hardly 
marked ; the reniform smaller. 



( •'^1 ) 

Hindwing : with inuer two-thirds dirt)' whitish. 

Underside ochreons ; the costa and fringe of forewing yellow ; a large cell- 
spot and broad terminal border blackish ; hindwing brown-speckled ; the cell-spot 
smaller ; the border fainter. 

Expanse of wings : 30 ram. 

1 S from the Khasia Hills, Ma}' 1894 (type); 1 $ from Maymyo, Upper 
Burma, May 1000 (Col. Bingham); 1 ? from Haipaw, N. Shan States, February 
1897. 

The Burmese $ is darker than the typical S from Assam ; the ? from Haipaw 
is much paler, but is somewhat worn. 

115. Carteia grisea spec. nov. 

Forewing : dark brownish grey; the costal edge narrowly ochreons, with a 
brown spot at the rise of the lines ; inner line very indistinct, pale grey, marked 
externally with dark above and below the median vein ; outer line oblique to 
vein 8, then straight and vertical, pale ochreons, with both edges crenulate, 
touching a diffuse dark fuscous line, which curves outwards towards costa, 
followed by a brownish fascia edged by the dark wavy subtermiual line ; terminal 
area blackish grey ; terminal dots black ; fringe pale grey. 

Hindwing : dirty grey ; the terminal border broad and black, with straight 
inner edge ; fringe whitish. 

Underside of forewing white with costa broadly ochreons ; a dark cell-spot 
and outer line of spots between veins, angled at vein 8 ; terminal border broadly 
blackish; hindwing the same ; fringes pale. 

Face and palpi ochreons ; thorax (damaged) grey ; dorsum dark fuscous ; 
venter, pectus, .and legs ochreons. 

Expanse of wings : 36 mm. 

1 ? from Oinaiuisa, Dutch Timor, November — December 1891 (W. 
Doherty). 

110. Carteia taeniata spec. nov. 

Foreiving : pale fawn-colour, speckled with brown and fuscous ; inner and 
outer lines very obscure, marked by dark dots between the veins ; reniform stigma 
a faint brownish lunule with a dark dot at middle ; close beyond the outer line a 
thick brown line, slightly concave outwards, followed by an olive brown shade 
with irregularly dentate outer edge, defining the subtermiual line ; terminal dots 
minute ; fringe coucolorous. 

Hindwing : fuscous grey, with dark cell-s]>ot and outer line ; a broad black 
terminal border with straight inner edge ; fringe white. 

Underside ochreons, dark-speckled, with cell-spot, outer line of spots, and 
terminal border blackish ; fringe ochreons. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen brownish ochreons ; the palpi paler ; pectus, 
venter, and legs pale ochreous, the tarsi brown. 

Expanse of wings : 30 mm. 

1 ? from Peiiang, May 1S98 (Curtis). 

Allied to C. grisea from Timor, both species having a brown fascia before 
subterminal line ; distinguished by difference in size and coloration ; both are 
nearly allied to V. nebulilinca Wlk. from Borneo, the type of the genus. 



( -"^2 ) 

Genns Bessacta gen. nov. 

Tongue present ; frons smooth ; antennae of S typicall.v armed with bristles, 
sometimes pectinated ; forewing elongate triangular, the costa straight, the apex 
snbacnte; hindwing of <J with apex rounded ; palpi upcurveil in frout of face, the 
second segment well-haired ; the third erect ; legs of S all hairy ; the mid and 
hind tibiae broadly fringed ; the fore coxae and femora hairy ; forewiugs fawn- 
colour, with velvety black markings broken uj) by the pale lines and veins. Type : 
B. poli/KpUa Wlk. 

117. Bessacta javensis spec. nov. 

Resembles B. pectinata Hmps. in the structure of the antennae of the c?, but 
se])arated by numerous differences in the shape and arrangement of the black 
markings, in some of which it is nearer to pobjupila Wlk. 

I'orewinq : with the ochreous ground colour suffused with brownish grey and 
dusted with fuscous, the costal edge remaining yellow ochreous ; the inner line 
runs obliquely outwards, pale, to median vein, marked by dark dots on subcostal 
and median, joining there the black blotch, which is somewhat broader and not 
pointed at top, preceded on inner margin by a diffuse black spot, and followed 
immediately on median vein by two black spots with pale edges, of which the 
round upper one represents the orbicular stigma ; reuiform broader and more 
conical, the black blotch below also broader and reaching inner margin, more 
plainly marked by slight yellow curved lines ; vein 3 and the other veins towards 
termen more prominently yellowish ; the black luuules before outer line only four 
in number, the fifth being confluent with the reniform ; the black apical blotch 
larger ; the quadrate black blotches before subtermiual line larger and with a 
narrower one above tliem ; the lower two of the other three spots larger and 
rounder ; the space between the lines black ; the terminal black spots larger 
and the fringe darker-mottled. 

Hincluing : with the basal area more conspicuously pale. 

The underside of wings, the head, thorax, and abdomen do not appreciably 
differ from those oi pectinata, with which it also agrees in siise. 

1 c? from Java. 

118. Bessacta columnaris spec. nov. 

Forewing : quite pale ochreous, faintly speckled and tinged with grey-brown ; 
all the veins and margins of the black marks conspicuously pale ochreous ; subbasal 
line represented by two black spots, above and below subcostal vein ; inner line 
marked by black dots on costa, subcostal, and median veins, the last followed by 
a subquadrate spot in cell, obliquely below which is a large trapezoidal blotch in 
submedian interval, and below vein 1 nearer base a smaller black blotch traversed 
by a pale line; reniform stigma bluntly conical, forming with the black blotches 
below it a })illar-like mark with pale uneven edges, quite separate from the five 
black spots before outer line, which is bent inwards along vein 3 ; the .pale edgings 
of the submarginal black blotches broader, the upper ones three in number 
like the lower ; a row of black terminal triangles edged with pale ; fringe pale 
ochreous. 

Hindwing : fuscous, paler basewards, with a pale sinuous outer line before the 
darker terminal border ; cell-spot dark ; fringe pale. 

Underside grej-ish ochreous, the terminal area of forewing diffusely fuscous. 



(53 ) 

with two consjiicuous white spots on each side of vein 7 before termen, preceded by 
two 3'ellowish spots beyoud two dark ones ; a terminal row of dark brown Innules 
edged with pale ochreous ; fringe pale ochreous, strongly chequered with brown ; 
hindwing brown-dusted on costa and termen, with grey cell-spot and outer line. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen pale ochreous ; palpi externally, vertex, shoulders, 
base of patagia, and tips of metathoracic and dorsal tufts brown ; antennae of <? 
ciliated, and with curved bristles. 

Expanse of wings : ? 40 mm. ; c? 42 mm. 

A pair from Bunguran, Natuna Island, July to October 1894 (Hose). 

CJenus Trichoptya gen. nov. 

Distinguished from Bocula Guen. by the hindwing of S possessing a long 
pencil of hairs lying along costa on npperside, capable of being expanded in the 
form of a tan ; anal tufts of S , when uuexpanded, covered by a chitinous shield ; 
when exjjanded, showing a pair of lateral tufts from the praeanal segment ; 
antennae of S ciliated, with curved bristles from each segment. 

Type : T. sejuncta Wlk. 

119. Trichoptya inquinata spec nov. 

Forewing : fawn-colour tinged with grey ; inner and outer lines gre)'-brown, 
interrnpted, and only just traceable; median shade thick, diffuse, and wavy; 
subterminal line pale, defined by grey shading on each side, externally by a dark 
apical streak and slight patches on the two folds ; an oblique black spot in cell 
and another at its end in the median shade ; large black spots along termen. 

Hindwing : fuscous ; the cell and costal area above it blue-black ; the costal 
tuft of hairs black with the tips yellowish. 

Underside of forewing fawn-colour ; the inner margin dull white ; the cell 
purple black ; hindwing greyer freckled with brown, darker grey along costa; 
cell-spot grey ; a faint curved outer line. 

Head and thorax fawn-colour ; dorsum grey-brown. 

Expanse of wings : 30 mm. 

1 (? from Tambora, low country, April — May 1896 (Doherty). 

120. Trichoptya expansilis spec. nov. 

Forewing: of? pale greyish fawn-colour, dusted with black and olive scales 
and with a violaceons tinge in certain lights ; of 6 darker grey; a black speck at 
base of cell and one at its end on discocellular ; the lines oblique and wavy, diffuse, 
formed of olive scales, and very indistinct in the dark tJcJ; subterminal line 
marked by black Innules between the veins, inwardly pale-edged, oblique from 
apex and indented on eaeli fold, followed by a darker tint, especially at apex, all 
indistinct in the S ; terminal dots black ; fringe concolorous. 

Hindwing : fuscous grey in the ? , blackish in tJ ; the costal tuft fawn-colour. 

Underside silky fawn-colour, thickly black-speckled, with dark cell-spot and 
enter line. 

Head and thorax like forewing ; dorsum darker, like hindwing; palpi exter- 
nally fuscous, the tips paler. 

Expanse of wings : 30 mm. 

3 c?c?, 4 ? ? from Townsviile, Qneenslnnd (Dodd). 



( 54 ) 

121. Trichoptya nigropunctata spec, uov., and ab. pallida ali, uov., and 
subsp. mag'na subsp. nov. 

Forewing : |1inkl^h ochreous dusted with grey and olive; tlie ground colour 
rather darker in the .-? ; the lines formed of olive scales, sliglit and diffuse, indented 
on the folds, the outer lunulate-dentate ; a black speck at base of cell and at its 
end ; subtenuinal line indented on the folds, Innulate-edgcd iuternallj", the Innulcs 
filled up with deep black in the ?, those on the folds largest, starting from a 
blackish cloud at apex and ending in another at anal angle ; the terminal area 
beyond it partially or entirely grey ; in the c? only the black sjiots on the folds are 
conspicuous, the others being less visible, and the blackish ajjical cloud is present ; 
terminal spots black, larger in the ? ; fringe concolorous with ground colour of 
wing. 

Il'imlwinq : of <? blackish fuscous, of ? paler ; the costal tuft of S fuscous. 

In both sexes the ground colour when worn becomes bone-colour ; but good 
specimens occur with the ground colour pale ochreous and the subterminal bhu'k 
spots well marked = ab. pallida ab. nov. 

Common throughout the Solomon Islands, the type form occurring in Gnadal- 
canar and Bougainville, while the aberration comes from Hendova, Isabel Islaml, 
and Guizo Island ; this form also occurs in Kei Island. 

A form from Kiriwini, Trobriand Islands, subsp. magna subsp. nov., is larger ; 
the subterminal line without any black a])ical streak, and with three small black 
spots beyond cell, and one on the submediiin fold ; the hiudwing deep black ; of 
this form only 3 S arc yet known. 

122. Trichoptya subspurcata sjiec. nov. 

Resembles nigropunctata from the Solomons in size and coloration, but the 
three lines are not waved and indented on the folds, as in that species, but straight 
and faintly outcnrved across wing ; the very slightly darker terminal area is edged 
above by a distinct broad black apical mark, and by a single black spot on vein ; 
a black spot at base and another at end of cell. 

Underside of both wings suffused throughout with coarse olive fuscous on an 
ochreous yellow ground ; the hindwing without cell-spot and outer line. 

3 ? ? from St. Aignan, October 18i)7 (Meek). 

Genus Sillophora gen. uov. 

Distinguished from Trichoptya by the costa ot hindwing being folded over 
beneath to form a flattened pleat, the upperside coatainiog at base of costa a 
small pouch from which the long hairs of the costal tuft are protruded. Type i 
S. bimaciilatd spec. nov. 

12:5. Sillophora bimaculata spec. nov. 

Forewing : pale fawn-colour dusted with olive, with a strong violaceous tint 
except along costa and beyond subterminal line ; lines oblique inwards, very 
indistinct, and only sliown by slightly darker scaling ; the terminal area olive 
grey; the subterminal line before it being shown only by a black triangular mark 
lying across vein 5, and a larger one extending between veins 1 ami :i ; a black 
cell-dot and row of black terminal spots ; fringe concolorous. 



( 55 ) 

Hindwing black ; fringe gre}' ; the costal tnft of hairs black, with the 
tips pale. 

Underside of forewing blackish fnscons ; the costa and termen dark grey ; the 
inner margin whitish ; hindwing black. 

Head and thorax like forewings ; dorsum blackish, the anal segment paler ; 
abdomen laterally and beneath glossy white; legs brown; palpi with the second 
segment externally brown, the tips of second segment, the third segment, and the 
inside white. 

Expanse of wings : 32 mm. 

1 cJ from Tawaya, north of Palos Bay, Celebes, August and September 1896 
(Doherty). 

Genus Lasionota gen. nov. 

Tongne well developed ; frons smooth ; palpi upturned, the second segment 
thickly scaled, the third rather long and slender, pointed ; antennae of S simple, 
filiform ; thorax and abdomen stout ; the thorax smoothly scaled ; the basal 
segments of dorsum of ¥ with small tufts ; basal half of dorsum of c? clotlied with 
a matlike covering, concealing a mass of woolly down ; legs short and stout; fore- 
wing with costa curved at base ; apex rectangular ; termen curved, hardly oblique ; 
hindwing with vein 5 from close above 4 ; in the upper half of submedian 
interval beneath median vein and base of vein 2 an elongated thinly scaled brand. 

Type : L. hi/penoicles Moore {AcanthoUpes). 

124. Bocula brunneata spec. nov. 

Forewing : ochreous, suifused, except at base, with dark grey-brown ; the 
lines dark, inwardly oblique ; the inner edged internally with ochreous, shortly 
angled below costa ; the outer, less oblique, irregularly sinuous, outwardly edged 
with pale ; the median double, dark brown, the outer arm diffuse, touching cell- 
spot, which is black in a pale spot ; termen fuscous, black-brown along upper 
half of inner edge, which is margined with pale; the edge runs oblique from ape.x 
to vein 7, where it forms first a slight inward, then a slight outward angle, is 
then curved inwards and upwards to vein 6 near outer line, to which it runs 
parallel to 4, then after a short outward course runs agaiu parallel to outer 
line to inner margin before anal angle ; terminal spots ochreous ; fringe dark. 

Hindwing : fuscous ; the fringe fuscous. 

Underside greyish fuscous, somewhat glossy; the hindwing paler, with dark 
cell-spot and outer line. 

Head and thorax pale brownish ochreous ; the dorsum tinged with grey. 

Expanse of wings : 34 mm. 

1 S from the Khasia Hills, June 1896. 

125. Bocula mollis spec. nov. 

Foi-ewing : uniform pale fawn-colour, unspi-okled ; the costal edge yellower ; 
lines slightly yellow, otherwise unmarked, except the outer, which is brown-dotted 
on the veins ; terminal area brownish fuscous, slightly darker along inner edge, 
which after a slight inward bend at vein 8, runs inwards along vein 6 to near outer 
line, then still inwards and oblique to vein 3, thence outcurvcd to anal angle; 
terminal spots fawn-colour ; fringe brownish fuscous. 

Hindwing : pale fuscous ; the fringe pale grey, with pale spots at base. 



( 56 ) 

Uuderside pale ochroons ; the disc of forewing grey ; costa of both wings 
freckled witli grey-browu ; grey cell-spots and curved outer lines. 

Head and thorax pale fawn-colour ; the dorsum grey-tinged ; palpi externally 
dark brown, the tips ochreous. 

Expanse of wings : 34 mm. 

1 ? from the Khasia Hills, Assam, April 1S95. 

126. Bocula undilineata spec, no v. 

Forewing : fawn-colour, with brown suffusion in places ; the lines dark brown ; 
the costa brownish ; subbasal line swelling out into a blotch below median vein ; 
inner line angled below costa, then waved, inwardly obliiiue, preceded by a line of 
pale ochreous ; median line double, bent outwards below middle, the small brown 
cell-dot beyond its outer arm ; space between inner and median lines filled in with 
brown ; outer line wavy, Innulate below, indented beyond cell and inangled on 
vein 1 ; followed by a less distinct parallel arm ; terminal area brownish fuscous, 
darker along inner edge, shaped almost precisely as in B. marginata Moore ; fringe 
concolorous. 

Ilimhchig : fuscous ; fringe fnscous. 

Underside of forewing grey-brown; of hindwing ochreous speckled with brown, 
darker along termen. 

Heail and thorax ochreous ; the dorsum fnscous ; palpi externally brownish, 
the tips ochreous. 

Expanse of wings : 3i) mm. 

1 (J from the Khasias, June 1895. 

127. Baputa bipartita spec. nov. 

Differs from the type of the genus, Baputa dimidiata Wlk., in the orange 
colouring being uniformly deeper ; the line dividing the orange basal from the 
black terminal area of forewing is curved from before middle of costa to just 
beyond middle of inner margin, instead of shortly before anal angle ; the hindwing 
is not entirely black, but has the basal area orange, separated from the dark 
terminal area by a straight line from middle of costa to middle of abdominal 
margin ; the abdomen, except the last three segments, is orange, like the head 
and thorax. 

The same size as dimidiata. 

1 c?, 1 ? from Ansns, Jobi, April— May 1897 (W. Doherty), type; 1 <J, 1 ? 
from German New Guinea, October (('. Wahnes); 1 c?, 2 ? ? from the coast near 
Arfak, New Guinea, and 1 S from Waigien. 

The type oi dimidiata was from New Guinea, and it also occurs in Waigien. 

128. Buzara circumducta spec. nov. 

Differs from Buzara chrijsomela Wlk. (= eurychrysa Meyr. = gestroi Oberth.) 
in having the orange of the hindwing in the ? extended as a broad band to anal 
angle, while in the cf the tip of the projecting centre of termen is also broadly 
orange ; the anal segments of the abdomen in both sexes are deeper yellow than 
in c/tri/nomela ; in most cases the orange band of forewing is decidedly broader than 
in the other species. 



( 5' ) 

5 c?t^, 4 ? ? from Si. Aignan, September— December 1897, type; 2 c?<?, 3 ? ?, 
November — December 1894 ; 3 ? ? from Kiriwini, Trobriand Islands, March- 
April 1895; and 1 J from Woodlark Island, March — April 1897 (A. S. Meek). 

B. e//n/so//i(>l(i, wliicli appears to be fairly common in New Guinea, whence it 
was originally descril)ed, is also found in tlie Kei Islands and Waigieu. 

Subfamily DELTOIDINAE. 
129. Bertula fulvistrigalis spec. nov. 

Forewing : dark fuscous brown ; a fulvous subcostal streak from base to ape.\ ; 
lines white, inwardly oblique, parallel to each other; the inner near base, tinged 
with fnlvous towards costa ; the outer at two-thirds, sharply and shortly angled 
outwards on subcostal vein and there fulvous-tinged ; snbmargiual line indistinct 
and interrupted above, indented on snbmedian fold, ochreous tinged with fnlvons ; 
veins 3 and 4 white tinged with ochreous ; a pale mark on discocellular, fulvous- 
tinged in upper half, widened below and white ; a small fulvous dot in cell beyond 
inner line ; fringe concolorons, with ochreous terminal dots between the veins. 

Ilituhving : with outer and submarginal lines, distinct only below the middle ; 
the outer white, the submarginal ochreous tinged ; veins 3, 4 slightly paler. 

Underside much speckled with greyish white ; the fulvous tints stronger ; the 
spots in cell black, the inner round, the outer vertical, both large ; outer line black, 
dentate ; submarginal fulvous ; terminal black lunules edged with fulvous. 

Head and thorax dark brown ; patagia laterally marked with fulvous near base ; 
abdomen brown speckled with greyish, the second segment with a fulvous belt; 
palpi externally dark brown, internally fulvous, becoming ochreous white towards 
tips ; pectus, venter, and legs brown speckled with ochreous ; the front of fore 
tibiae and all the tarsi fulvous-tinged. 

Expanse of wings : 36 mm. 

1 cJ from Mt. Marapok, Britisli North Borneo. 

Another <S , somewhat smaller (32 mm.), from the Sarawak Museum, labelled 
"Matang Road, March 1911," has the fulvous tints more largely developed, 
especially the submarginal line, which is complete, and the veins 3, 4 not marked 
paler, but the discal white mark continued angularly along vein 4 to touch outer 
line. 



( 58 ) 



LIST OF SIPHONAPTERA COLLECTED IN EASTERN 

HUNGARY. 

By Dr. K. JORDAN and the Hon. N. CHARLES ROTHSCHILD, M.A. 

DURING Jalj and earl}- Augnst of last year the senior author s()ent 
some four weeks at Biharfiired (= Stina de Vale) in the forest-clad Bihar 
Mountains of Eastern Hungary. The insect fauna of that district proved to be 
very poor, there being hariUy anything among the Lepidoptera which is worth 
recording. The high-lying parts are open grazing ground, where large herds of 
horses, cattle and sheep are encountered, and on these closely-cropped hills 
hardly any Lepidojjtera were seen but Hepialus fiiscoiiebulosiis and some Pyrals. 
The virgin forest, which covers the mountain-sides nearly without iuterru])tion, 
consists almost exclusively of beecli and pine, there being hardly any brush- 
wood and no oak I'rom about 7UU metres upwards. The woods are very dam]), 
springs being found almost everywhere, and the amount of rainfall is very high. 
Bihilrfilred, which has a season of barely ten weeks, is noted for its low average 
temperature and pure ozonified air, and remained trne to its reputation even in 
the exceptional summer of 1911. While the rest of Earope was being baked 
and parched, the rainy days were in the majority at Biharfiired, and the guests 
often gathered around the stove to warm their benumbed fingers, attempts even 
being made by enterprising people to light the stove in their bedroom, the 
attempt generally ending in smoke. 

As a rule, trajjping for small mammals was only attended to on rainy 
days, when it was impossible to make excursions to the hunting grounds for 
Lepidoptera, situated on the slopes towards Belenyes between 8t)0 and 13ii0 m. 
The number of species obtained was only five, of which four {Sorex araiii'iis, 
Mus silvaticus, Hypudaeus glareolus and Microtus agrestis) were quite common in 
the beech-woods and on the meadow before the bungalows, while Sorex miiiutus 
appeared to be rare. These mammals frequented the same places and even the 
same holes — which accounts for the fact that the species of fleas were greatly 
mixed up on the various hosts. 

As among the fleas collected there are several species not previously recorded 
from Hungary, we deem the captures of sufficient interest to be recorded here. 

No bird-fleas were obtained. Bird-life was even poorer at Biharfiired than 
the Lepidoptera. Besides two species of Motacilla, a solitary couple of swallows, an 
occasional jay and nnthatch, and some woodpeckers, there was nothing in the 
hollow where the " Luftkurort " is situated — not even a sparrow. The place is 
too densely wooded, and the warm season too short, being moreover fre(inently 
interrupted by a sudden fall of the thermometer to freezing-point, for harbouring 
an abundance of insect and bird life, which flourishes more on open, sunny glades 
than in a pure, bracing atmosphere with a high percentage of ozone. 

Pulex irritans, Ctenocuphalus canis, anil Ct. folix do not ajipear in our list of 
captures — from which fact, however, it would be hasty to draw conclusions as 
to their absence. 



( 59 ) 

1. Ceratophyllus penicilliger Gnibe (1852). 

6c?r?, 7 ? ?; July 12 and 31, and Angnst 2 and 3, oS Microtus agiestis. 

1 ? ; July 12, oft" Hi/pudaeus ylareoliis. 

Not previously recorded from Hungary. 

The specimens agree with the insect identified by Wagner as yemciUUjer. 

C. pedias Roths., Ann. Sci. Nat. p. 231. no. 21 (1910), based on a single S from 
Finland, is close to penicilliger, but differs in the ninth abdominal sternite of tiie 
(? bearing only thin hairs proximally to the sinns of the horizontal arm, while 
in penicilliyer there is a short spine among the hairs. 

2. Ceratophyllus sciurorum Sehrank (1803). 

1 ? ; July 8, off Microtus agi-estis. 

The occurrence on this host is certainly accidental. The presence of squirrels 
in the woods was testified by the fir-cones on which they had been at work. 

3. Ctenophthalmus agyrtes eurous subsp. nov. 

Ti/plilo/i.-ii/lla ,ir,,jrl,'^ (Heller), Wagner, //.»■. S„r. Ent. !l„..<.-<. xxxi. p. 589, tab. 9, fig. 23 (1898). 

3 cJcJ, 11 ? ?; July 8, 11, 12, 21, and August 2 and 31, off Microtus agrestis. 
6 (?<?, 3? ?; July 12 and August 3, off Ili/pudaeus glareolus. 

2 c?(5', 2 ? ? ; July 11 and 18, off Mus silcaticus. 

1 J, 2 ? ? ; July 31 and August 2 and 3, off Sorex araneus. 

This is a j)articnlarly interesting form of agi/rtes, inasmnch as it goes far to 
prove that aqi/rtcs Heller (189G) and protincialis Roths. (1910), and presumably 
also baetici.is Roths. (1910), are geographical races of one widely distributed species. 
This species appears to respond more readily to differences in its surroundings 
than any other European flea. The specimens wliich we have examined from a 
number of countries confirm Dr. A. Dampfs view, expressed to us //; lift., that 
C. agyrti's would be a profitable subject for tlie study of the geograpliical variation 
of the clasping organs. 

The Hungarian examples before us agree very well in the c?-genitalia with 
the figure given by J. Wagner of a Russian specimen, and differ markedly from 
the figure we published of true aggrfi's in Noe. ZooL 1898, tab. 15a, fig. 1, and 
tab. 17, fig. 12. Wagner and others attributed the differences in the figures to 
incorrectness of our drawings. Although our figures were not so good as one 
might have wished them to be, still the most conspicuous characteristics of 
true agi/rtes are nevertheless well brought out in them. 

From the specimens we have examined true aggrtrs appears to occur, rougliiy 
speaking, only west of the Elbe, and the present new geographical race in the 
countries east of the Elbe. We believe that we can distinguish several more 
(undescribed) geographical forms. We are, however, not yet in a position to 
elucidate the question satisfactorily. C. agijrtes eurous is, from the point of 
view of the clasping organs of the (J, intermediate between C. aggrtes aggrtes 
and C. promncialis ; and, in the ?, closely approaches y^z-ot-iw/a^/i* in the shape 
of the seventh abdominal sternite. 

6. The eighth abdominal sternite bears a row of three instead of four bristles, 
besides a number of bristles more proximally j)laced. The clasper (text-fig. 1) is 
divided, as in C agyrtes agyrtes, into a long and conical upper process (P') and shorter 
and broader lower jirocess (P^). This second process is again divided into a conical 



( 60 ) 

upper lobe (L'jaiid a more or less truncate lower one (L^). For comparison we figure 
these organs of an Hungarian example and of an (tgi/rtes from Borkuni (the 
original locality of agyrtes). It will be noticed that in true agi/rtes (text- 
fig. 2) the lobe L-' is obsolescent, while it is well produced in all examples of 
eiiroKS. There is some variability in the length of L' and L- in fnioux, bnt the 
sinns between them is never so deep as in jnoeinciidix. 

?. The seventh abdominal sternite is deeply and broadly sinuate vent rally, 
there being one large lateral lobe, which is broader than in ayi/rfe.t. There is no 
narrow lobe beneath this broad one. The eighth tergite has vcntrally a row 
of five bristles as in agi/rtes, the last one being short, and above this row one 
long bristle accompanied by one, two, or rarely three small ones. 

C. agyrtes has not previously been recorded from Hungary. 




Text-fig. 1. 



Text-fio. 2. 



4. Ctenophthalmus obtusus spec. nov. 

3 c? (?, 4 ? ? ; July 12 and 21, and August 2, off Microtus agrestis. 

2 ? ? ; July 12 and August 3, off Ilijpudaeus glareolus. 

Very near C. uncinata Wagn., Hor. Soc. Ent. lioss. xxxi. p. S90 tab. 9. 
fig. 24, tab. 10. fig. 29 (1898), described from 2 cJcJand 1 ? found on Putorius 
vulgaris at New Alexandria. The occurrence of uncinata on Putorius we believe to 
be accidental, the true host probably being Microtus, as in the case of obtusus. As we 
have no example of uiwi/iuta in the collection, we rely on Wagner's figures, wiiich 
represent the claspers of the <J and the head, and tlierefore restrict our descrijition 
to the modified abdominal segments, whose structure affords the best and perhaps 
the only distinguishing characters. Tiie cliaetotaxy of the body and legs in 
uncinata according to Wagner is the same as in C assimilis Tasch. (188U), but 
diflers appreciably in obtusus, especially in the ? . 

c?. The clasper (CI) agrees perfectly with the figure given by Wagmr of that 
sclerite of C. uncinata, the nose-like process varying a little individually, being 
sometimes more rounded, sometimes more jwinted. The movable process (F) is 
more than twice as long as it is broad in obtusus, whereas it is only half as long 
again as it is broad in Wagner's figure of uncinata ; its proximal margin is incurved, 
not straight, the upper margin also being distinctly excised. The upper distal 
corner, which is produced into a hook in uncinata, i)ri)jects very little in the new 
species. But there is on the inner surface of F just below the corner a groove 



( ^'1 ) 

above which F is somewhat iiicrassate, this iiortioii of F corresponding to and 
somewhat resembling the hook of uiiciimta. The tipper edge of F is distinctly 
incurved, not straight as in uncinaia. The ninth sternite (is. st.) is very much 
the same as in C. assimilis. The eighth tergite (viii. t.) bears on each side a 




Vlll.st. 



Text-fig. 4. 



postmedian row of three bristles, and proximally to this row five or si.K additional 
bristles. 

? . The ? of uncinata is said by Wagner to agree with assimilis, no distinctions 
between the ? ? of the two species being mentioned. The ? of obtusus, on the 
other hand, is distinguished from assimilis by the smaller number of bristles on 
the abdominal segments ii. to vii. The basal sternite bears only a pair of ventral 
bristles, no lateral bristle, and the numbers on the sternites of segments iii. to vii. 



( 62 ) 

are ou the two sides together : iii. 5, 9 ; iv. '-'.), 10 ; v. G-11, 8 or 9 ; vi. 0-11, 8 ; 
vii. 3-7, 7 or 8 ; the second figures referring in each case to the postmedian row 
of bristles, and the first numbers to the additional bristles jilaced in front of this 
row. Tlie numbers are in «.s.s///»7/.s- on sternites iv. to vii. as follows: iv. 9-14, 11 or 
12 ; V. i:i-l(l, 1 1 or 12 ; vi. 15, 10 or 1 1 ; vii. 12 or 13, 12 or 13. The eighth tergite 
(text-fig. 4, viii. t.) bears in obtusas a row of five bristles along the ventral margin, 
a sixth bristle, which is short and thick, being placed above the last as in u.^simdis, 
but the row in (issimiUs contains only four bristles. Above the row there is in both 
species a single long bristle accompanied in obtusus h\ to 2 bristles and ia 
assimilis by 4 to 6. The outline of the seventh steruite is nearly the same in the 
two species. The apical margin, however, is in axximi/is rather strongly convex 
below the large lobe, or even produced into a short lobe recalling the narrow lobe of 
C. agi/rtes agyrtes, whereas in obtusus (text-fig. 4) the margin is only very faintly 
convex. The oviduct is strongly chitinised near its orifice. 

o. Ctenophthalmus pentacanthus Roths. (1897). 
1 ? ; Augast 3, off Ihjpudaeus glurcolus. 
Not previously recorded from Hungary. 

Doratopsylla gen. nov. 

As A. Dampf * has already pointed out, the species described as Ti/pklopsylla 
dasi/ciiemus Roths. (1897), and now either placed into Ctcnophflinlmus or Palneo- 
ps'/l/a, does not agree with either of them and requires a new genus for its reception. 
The rostrum consists of only four segments instead of five, and the fifth segment 
of all the tarsi bears four lateral pairs of bristles and a ventral proximal pair as 
in Palaeopsylla. 

There are also tropical species under Ctenophthalmus or PitlaeopsijUa which 
have the rostrum four-jointed — for instance, intermedia Wagner (190ii) — which, 
however, do not concern us here. 

6. DoratopysUa dasycnemus Roths. (1897). 

3 (Jc? ; July 12, off Sovex araneus. 

3 (?<J, 2 ? ? ; August 2, ofi:' Sorex araneus. 

1 ? ; August 3, off Sorex araneus. 

Not previously recorded from Hungary. 

7. Palaeopsylla sorecis T)ale (1878). 
1 ff ; July 12, off Sorex araneus. 

3 ? ? ; July 31, off Sorex araneus. 
1 ? ; August 2, off Sorex araneus. 

1 c?, 1 ? ; August 3, off So)-ex araneu.f. 
Not previously recorded from Hungary. 

8. Hystrichopsylla talpae Cnrtis (182()). 

1 c?, 1 ? ; July 12 and August 2, off Hi/pudaeus glareolus. 

4 (?(?, 3 ? ? ; July 12, 21 and 31, August 2, off Microtus agrestis. 

' Z(Hil. Jahrb., Suppl. 12. p. 632 (1910). 



( 63 ) 



LIST OF THE ANTEBIBIDAE IN THE CONGO MUSEUM 

AT TERVUEREN. 

By Dr. K. JORDAN. 

THE specimens eiiiuuerated came i'rom the Belgian Congo. The types of the 
few new forms are in the Mnsee du Congo BeJge, if not stated otherwise. 
Besides the species mentioned below there are about a dozen additional forms 
in the collection represented by single specimens. These are mostly undescribed, 
but for various reasons I consider it for the present inopportnne to publish 
descriptions of them. Moreover, a number of species have been added to the 
collection from our own material, so that the Congo Museum now contains the 
greater proportion of the Antkribidae known from the Congo basin. 

1. Mecocerus mniszechi Thoms. (1858). 

The commonest species in the Congo region. A series of specimens in the 
collection from : Lukombe (A. Koller) ; Leo-Stanleyville (Weyns) ; Kisantu 
(R. P. Goossens) ; Kasai (Coart) ; Kabambare (Delhaise) ; Manyema ('Dupuis) ; 
Leopoldville ; Galli-Koko, Kasai (R. Cauliev) ; Uele (Leret) ; Sassa (Colmant). 

2. Mecocerus rhombeus Qued. (1886). 

This conspicuously marked species {i.e. conspicuous in a collection) is repre- 
sented by a series from: Sassa (Colmant); Mayumbe (Deleval) ; Lukombe (A. 
Koller); Lukenge, Kasai (Fontainas) ; Dinia (A. Koller); Katanga (Lemaire); 
Ldopoldville. 

3. Mecocerus oculatus Jord. (1895). 

3 <?c?, 2 ? ? ; Sassa (Colmant). 

The species is much rarer in collections than the previous ones. 

4. Phloiophilus sulcifrons Fahrs. (1839). 

Tlie sexes are very similar; but the S S are easily recognised by bearing, 
anteriorly on the metasteruum, a ronnd median impression which is filled in with 
short hair, and by the midtibia being armed with a tooth at the apex. 

2 <Jc?, 3 ? ? ; Sassa (Colmant). 

2 c?(? ; Lukombe (A. Koller). 

1 S ; Galli-Kokor, Kasai (R. Carlier). 

5. Apatenia annulipes Jord. (1894). 

1 (?, 1 ? ; Sassa (Colmant). 

These are the only specimens I have seen beside the type. 

6. Chirotenon adustum Labr. and Imh. (1842). 

A series from : Sassa (CJolmaut) ; Lukombe (A. Koller) ; Galli-Koko, Kasai 
(R. Carlier) ; Lukenge, Kasai (Cabra). 



( 64 ) 

7. Phloeotragus hottentottus imhoflB Boh. (1845). 

This is the West AlVicaii roiireseattitive of hottentottus Schoiih. (lS:i'.)), which 
is found on the eastern side of the Continent ; albicans Fahrs., from Madagascar, is 
a ver_v close ally and iicrhaps also not specifically distinct. 

1 (J, 1 ? ; Sassa. 

2 <? cJ, 2 ? ? ; Lukombe, October (A. Roller). 
1 ? ; Katanga (Lemaire). 

1 ? ; Dima, September (A. Roller). 

8. Phloeotragus heros F. (ISol). 

A common species, of which the collection contains nuraerons specimens from : 
Lfiopoldville ; Banzyville ; Manyema (l)iipuis) ; Tanganika (Hecq) ; Sassa ; Lnkorabe 
(A. Roller) ; Ratauga ; Maynmbe ((Jabra). 

Many specimens have a rather strong greenish tint, resembling to some extent 
the next s]H'cies. P. heros and poliojirns, however, can easily be distinguished by 
the following differences in strncture : 

a. heros: The upper edges of tlie right and left antennal grooves are nearly 
parallel. The antenna of the S bears on the inner side small hairs, not short and 
stumpy spines; and the tenth segment in the ? is broader than long. Tlie elytra 
are deeply emarginate together at the base ; the basal edge is strongly elevate 
and this raised margin qnite distinct around the shoulder-angles. The intercoxal 
process of the mesosternum is broad as far as the middle and then narrows strongly 
to the apex. 

b. poliojtras : The upper edges of the antennal grooves are strongly divergent. 
The antenna of the S bears minute sensory cones instead of hairs on the inner 
surface, and the tenth segment of the ? is longer than broad, the seventh and eighth 
being somewhat shorter than in the 9 of heros. The prothorax is shorter than in heros 
and the elytra less coarsely punctured. The base of the elytra is less emarginate and 
the raised margin much less elevate, being obsolete at the shoulder-angle ; the 
shoulders as well as the subbasal dorsal callosity are more raised than in heros, and 
the mesosternal process is much narrower. 

9. Phloeotragus poliopras Jord. (inici). 

3 <?(?; Sassa (Colmant). 

3 (? c? ; Lukombe (A. Roller). 

1 6 ; Lukenge (Fontainas). 

111. Phloeotragus prasinus l>nv. (1802). 

One of the rarer species, which is easily recognised by Hie elytra bearing a 
black patch at the centre of the lateral margin and a prominent tubercle before the 
apex. 

2 c? (? ; Sassa (Colmant). 

One of the two specimens is entirely dirty clay-colour on the ujipor surface 
instead of green. 

II. Phloeoti'agus gigas F. (1801). 

3 (Jc?, 3 ? ? ; Lukombe (A. Roller). 
1 c? ; Sassa (Colmant). 



(.650 

12. Decataphanes punctipennis Jord. (1895). 

1 ? ; Sassa (Colmant). 

The specimen, which measures only 12 mm., is the second which I have seen 
of this species. It agrees with the name-type in the dorsal carina being nearly 
quite straight. 

13. Decataphanes posticatus Jord. (1903). 

2 <J cf ; Sassa (Colmant). 

14. Gnoticarina cristulata Jord. (1894). 
1 cJ; Sassa (Colmant). 

15. Deuterocrates cavicollis Honr. (1879). 

1 c?; Sassa (Cblmant). 
1 <?; L^opoldville. 

1 <S ; Maynmbe (Cabra). 

16. Deuterocrates canescens Qaed. (1886). 

2 cJc?, 1 ?; Sassa (Colmant). 

1 ? ; Eastern province of Congo Free State (Weyus). 
1 ? ; Galli-Koko, Kasai (R. Carlier). 

IT. Deuterocrates nigropictus Qued. (1886). 
1 <?; Leopoklville. 
1 <J ; Sassa (Colmant). 
1 ? ; Galli-Koko, Kasai (R. Carlier). 

18. Deuterocrates armatus spec, no v. 

cJ. Oculis subrotundis, antice levissime emarginatis. Cariuae prothoracicalis 
angnlo recto fere acuto. Antennarum (<?) articulo 1° sine impressione rotunda 
velvetina, 10" brevi. Tibia media (cJ) in dentem acutam producta. 

1 cJ ; Manyema (R. Grauer) in Mns. Tring, ti/pe. 

5 (? c? ; Sassa (R. Colmant). 

Agrees in colour closely with the form known as D. canescens Qaed. (1886). 
Rather narrower, the prothorax especially being longer, Imt not so long as in 
I), cavicollis Har. (1879). At once recognised by the eye, pronotal carina, the 
antenna and midtibia, at least in the c?. 

The other species of Deuterocrates have the eye very distinctly sinuate, while 
in the new one the sinus is barely indicated. The first segment of the antenna 
bears in all the other Deuterocrates in the c? at the apex a round pit filled in with a 
long pubescence, and is devoid of this organ in armatus. The tenth anteiinal segment 
is less than half the length of the eleventh. With the exception of armatus the 
lateral angle of the pronotal carina is obtuse in Deuterocrates (cJ ?), and the short 
longitudinal basal carina is .so oblique as to divide more or less evenly the convex 
angle formed by the dorsal and lateral carinae. In armatus, on the other hand, 
the carinae meet at right angles and the short longitudinal basal carina is 
horizontal, having the same or very nearly the same direction as the main lateral 

5 



(66) 

carina, a cliaracter wkich may be expected to hold good also in the $ (as yet 
nnknown). The sharp tootli which we tinil at the apex of the midtihia in tlie 
c? of armat/ts is not met with in any nthcr known sj)ecies of Deuterocrates. 

The species varies considerably in size, like its congeners. In none of the 
six specimens are the antennae more than twice the length of the body inclusive of 
the heail. 

I'J. Anacerastes geometricus JurJ. (1894). 

1 6; Lukenge, Kasai (Foutuinas). 

~ii. Anacerastes geometricus ah. cinerascens Jord. (1894). 

1 ? ; Mayuiube (( 'abra). 

21. Anacerastes scriptus .lord. (1910). 

2 Jc?, 1 ?; Sassa (Colmant). 

One of the Si h entirely pale yellow, having apparently been taken from its 
pnpal berth. 

22. Epicerastes undulatus Qued. (1886). 
1 c?, 1 ¥; Sassa (Colmant). 

23. Xylinades sinuatocoUis Qiied. (1886). 

1 ? ; Sassa (Colmant). 

24. Xylinades alternans Kulbe (1895). 

2 ? ? ; Lnkombe (A. Roller). 

25. Syntophoderes guineensis Kolbe (1895). 
A series from Lnkombe (A, Roller) ; Risautu (R. P. Goossens) ; Galli-Koko, 
Rasai. 

26. Aneurrhinus pantherinus L:ilir. and Iiuh. (1834). 

3 d"c?, 1 ? ; Lukombe (A. Roller). 
2 c? cJ ; Sassa (Colmant). 

27. Aneurrhinus leucomelas Qned. (1886). 
2 cJcJ, 1 ? i Sassa (Colmant). 

28. Phloeobius podicalis Rolbe (1894). 

Originally described from German East Africa. 
'i SS ; Sassa (Colmant). 

29. Phloeobius retusus Labr. and Imh. (1842). 

1 S ; Sassa (Colmant). 
1 ¥ ; Dima (A. Roller). 

30. Phloeobius affinis Rolbe (1895). 

4 (^ J , 1 ¥ J Sassa (Colmaut;. 



(fit ) 

31. Phloeobius catenatus Kolbe (1895). 

1 <? ; L(:'opoldville. 

2 (?<?, 3 ? ¥ ; Sassa (Colmaiit). 

32. Phloeobius humilis Kolbe (1895). 
1 c?, 1 ? ; Lnkombe (A. Kulk-r). 

33. Phloeobius pustulosus Gerst. (1871). 

1 ¥ ; Sassa (Colmaiit). 

34. Gynandrocerus antennalis Lacord. (1866). 

2 cJcJ, 1 ¥ ; Sassa (Colmant). 

2 (?(? ; Lukenge, Kasai (Foutainas). 
1 S ; Dima (A. KoUer). 

35. Gynaudrocerus praecox Kolbe (1894). 
1 c? ; iSassa (Colmant). 

37. Litotropis afer spec. nov. 

c? ¥ ; Niger, sparsim griseo pnbesceiis ; prothorace macula apicali mediana 
fulva notato ; elytris in interspatiis 3'" at 5" nigro-fasciculatis ; antennis rafescentibas ; 
pjgideo fulvo. Long. (cap. excl.) 4-5 — 5 mm. 

1 (?, 2 ¥ ¥ ; Lnkombe, October 1908 (A. Koller). 

The colonr ot" dark slate, the grey pnbescence being mnch less in evidence on 
the npper side than on the under. The antennae are rufescent, with a darker clnb ; 
the tarsi and, to a lesser degree, also the tibiae have likewise a reddish tint. The 
fiilvons median spot at the a,pex. of the prouotum varies in size, and in one of 
the ¥ ¥ there is a fnlvescent spot before the apex of each elytrnni. All three 
specimens have a fnlvous pygidinm. L. afer comes nearest in size and shape to 
L. proridiis Fahrs. (1839), but the rostrnm is shorter, being apically broader than 
it is long. There is a donlile tuft of black pubescence on the basal callosity of the 
elytrum, and the third and fifth interspaces bear, moreover, four or live smaller 
tufts, the posterior ones being especially small. 



(;68 ) 



NEW OEOMETEIDAE IN THE TRING MUSEUM FROM 

NEW GUINEA. 

By W. WABREN, M.A., F.E.S. 

Subfamily ORTHOSTIXINAE. 

1. Ozola violacea spec. iiov. 

Forewing : ypllowochreoiis, the o;TOund colour almost entirely hidden by reddish 
iind violet-brown suffusion; costal edge yellow dotted with black ; the costal streak 
filled with deuse reddish striae; inner line oblique outwards from one-third of costa 
to middle of cell, blackish, thence nearly vertical or slightly curved inwards and ill- 
defined to middle of inner margin, the basal area witliin it red, being almost covered 
with confluent vinous striae and suffusion ; outer line from two-thirds of costa, dark 
and sinuous, to inner margin a little beyond inner line, the excurved portion between 
costa and vein 2 filled up with deep red ; the central area hyaline white with coarse 
red granular speckling and with a red triangle at top below subcostal vein ; sub- 
terminal line formed of black blotches between the veins, often indistinct ; area 
beyond outer line vinous red-brown glossed with violet, containing a small yellow 
red-speckled ]iatcli on termen from vein 4 to 2 and a slighter patch at apex ; terminal 
dark dots between veins ; fringe reddish except beyond the yellow areas. 

Ilindwing : with the whole basal half yellowish hyaline with partially contiuent 
red speckling ; the outer half as in forewing, but without any yellow patches. 

Underside similar to upper ; the outer lines blacker, distinctly crenulate. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen red speckled with yellow, the dorsum more solidly 
red ; venter, pectus, and legs variegated red and yellow. 

The ? is less strongly suffused with red, the pale ground colour being more in 
evidence. 

Exjjanse of wings : 35 mm. 

A series from near Setekwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, up to 
3500 ft., October and December I'JlO (A. S. Meek). 

Subfamily GEOMETRINAE. 
2. Agathiopsis maculata angustifascia subsp. nov. and unanimis subsp. nov. 

In Soc. Zoo/, iii. p. -SO I described this species from Fergusson Island ; in it 
the c? (lifters from the ? in having the marginal dark border narrower and darker, 
with straigbter inner margin, than in that sex ; of the four from the Solomon Islands 
(Bougainville), subsp. a/u/us/i/'ani-ia has this border still narrower and more concise, 
the inner edge white ; on the other hand, of four examples from Ninay Valley, Central 
Arfak Mts., Dutch New Guinea, subsp. ui/aHimin, the '2 <S S are only distinguishable 
from the ? ? by the round green terminal blotch between veins 3 and 4, the border 
in both sexes being of the same colour and shape as in typical ? ?. 

3. Anisogamia absona Wan-, ab. exalbata nov. 

Differs from the tyjje in having all tlie white spaces exaggerated ; in the fore- 
wings the spots forming the outer line and the inner of the two submarginal lines 



( 69 ) 

confltient into uneven bands, partly joined alons^ snbmedian fold with a short inner 
band below the cell-spot ; the outer bands broad also in the hindwin<<s ; the patagia 
white instead of green ; the dark blotch at apex of hindwings hardly visible above, 
thongh equally strong below. 1 S from Ninay Valley, Central Arfak Mts., Dutch 
New Guinea, 3500 ft., November 1908 to January 1909, along with 8 typical d d 
and 1 ?. Both sexes are slightly different from the Australian /'(.sv/z/'^f/^* S Lucas 
= dentata ? Warr. In the i the hindtibiae are grooved, with an expansible pencil 
of long dark hairs concealed therein. 

4. Anisogamia albiguttata sjiec. nov. 

Forewing : white; the basal three-fiurths traversed by numerous irregular 
green vermiculations thickened into blotches between veins :.' and :! and in sub- 
median interval ; a brown subcostal sjiot at one-fourth and a dark green spot at 
each end of discocellular ; the limit of basal area and the inner edge of central fascia 
can be imagined only ; the outer edge of the latter is marked by a lunulate-dentate 
green line, followed by a dentate white band ; terminal area dark green, containing 
two rows of white lunnles, separated by the green veins ; those of the inner series 
more elongate ; marginal line deep green interrupted by large white dots at the 
vein ends ; fringe green, with the tips grey-brown dotted with white beyond the 
veins ; co.sta with a few earth-brown speckles at base, thickened at middle, and 
confluent towards apex, which is brown with white dots. 

Hindiviiig : similar, but the white spaces and the green striae larger and clearer, 
more regular. 

Underside pearly white, the green markings of upperside showing by trans- 
parence only, except above median in forewing, where the discocellular, an outer, 
and subterminal line are marked in green below costa, the subterrainal by four 
green lunules ; the costal streak, the terminal lunules below apex and the fringe 
tips fawn-colour. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen green powdered with white, the last with dorsal 
and subdorsal mws of white spots ; pectus, venter, and legs white ; forelegs tinged 
with tawn-colour; antennae with the shaft white and the short rigid pectinations 
dark fawn-colour. 

Expanse of wings : 27 mm. 

1 c? from near Setekwa Kiver, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, up to 3500ft.; 
October to December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

5. Anisogamia fragmentata Warr. ab. major ab. nov. 

Like so many other New (luinea insects, this species occurs of two sizes ; of 
5(?(Jand 2?? from Ninay Valley, Central Arfak Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 
1 (? only agrees in size with the typo specimens from Biagi ; the rest expand 3(i mm. 
and the ? ? 38 mm. These examples — which may be separated as ab. major — 
agree exactly with the type, but the white markings are clearer and more distinct ; 
the ? ?, as usual, are quite dillereut. The pale costal streak is thickly dusted with 
fuscous atoms ; the outer line from two-thirds of costa to two-thirds of inner margin 
is white inwardly edged with lilac grey, more broadly above vein 6 ; between veins 
6 and 5 the line forms a small sinus outwards and is abruptly broken off at vein 3 ; 
the terminal area beyond is greyish white, containing a green blotch beyond the sinus, 
below which the white line is outwardly as well as inwardly edged with lilac grey ; 



( TO) 

between veins 3 and 1 tlie grey termen is qnite narrow, ending in a ronnded white 
blotch at two-thirds of inner margin ; veins across border darij ; marginal Innnles 
blackish ; fringe grey ; in the hindwiiig the terminal bonier is narrower at costa and 
very narrow before toruns ; on middle of inner margin is a narrow grey streak 
expanding towards base. 

6. Anisogamia reducta spec. nov. 

<?. Forewing : pale semitransparent green; the veins deep green witli jiale 
dots; costa deep brown dotted with wliite ; basal area crossed by three or four 
interrupted pale lines, most distinct on inner margin; at one-third an obscure cloudy 
pale curved band ; two submarginal rows of pale spots between the veins, those on 
each side of vein 4 swollen ; a row of pale dots close before termen ; terminal line 
crennlate, dark green, with pale dots at the vein ends ; fringe grey-green. 

Himlwimj: Similar, without the pale band; a brownish blotch at apex 
between veins 7 and 8. 

Underside iridescent pale green, with the white marks showing through ; 
costa of forewing yellowish, with slight fuscons markings. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen dark green, mixed with whitish scaling ; lower 
part of face and outside of palpi greenish white ; dorsal segments of abdomen 
with white spots at their hinder edge ; segments 5 and 6 dorsally dark fuscons. 

?. Forewing with the pale band ending in a brown spot on inner margin; 
termen dark greenish fuscous, its inner edge projecting roundly on vein 5, and 
followed by a deeper shade; terminal line crennlate, blackish ; fringe fuscons, with 
pale dots at base between veins. 

Ilimhriiig : the same. 

Underside with the terminal band whitish, edged inwardly by a narrow dark 
band indented in middle in both wings ; costa of forewing yellowish. Dorsum dark 
fuscous, mixed with a few greenish scales ; anal tuft whitish. 

Expanse of wings : <? 25 mm. ; ? 25-28 mm. 

1 c?, 4 ? ? from Ninay Valley, Central Arfak Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 
3500 ft., February and March 1909. 

The ? resembles that of dentatn Warr., but is smaller, and the dark border 
is without any reddish tinge. 

7. Anisogamia semilineata spec. nov. 

Foreirinq : deep green, very slightly transparent ; costa dark brown with white 
dots and a quadrate white spot at one-third ; a white dot at base of each fold and a 
larger one beyond the lower one ; a narrow white spot across each fold, hardly forming 
a line ; inner line starting from the white costal spot forms a bracket-shaped white 
mark across cell, below middle marked by two white dots, on median vein and 
vein 1, and two more, on submedian fold and inner margin ; outer line at four-fifths, 
lunulate-dentate, but very obscure, the teeth forming white dots on veins, and the 
lunules white dots between them, starting from vein 6 ; two submarginal rows of 
white spots, the inner somewhat elongated vertically, the outer horizontally ; a fine 
dark green crennlate terminal line, with white dots at the vein ends ; fringe pale 
green tipped with white. 

Hindwing : with two white spots at base and a white cell-spot on upper half of 
discocellular, preceded by two large white spots in cell ; three white spots below 



(71 ) 

snlimedian fold, the first joined by a bar to median vein ; a white spot at base of 
veins 2 and 3 ; outer line zigzag, white, interrupted in cell and marked by a white 
spot on vein 5 nearer base ; the rest as in forewing. 

Underside very pale whitish green, the white marks of upperside showing 
through ; costa of forewing yellow, with a few brown speoklings ; the outer line and 
inner of the two submarginal lines marked at costa liy darker green and fuscous; 
three dark terminal dots lielow apex. 

Head, thorax, and dorsum dark green ; lower part of face white ; palpi pale 
pinkish brown ; three rows of white dorsal spots on abdomen ; the middle row on 
the hinder edge of the segments, the lateral rows on their middle ; pectus, venter, 
and legs white ; the forelegs in front dark brown, with the joints white. 

Expanse of wings : 2(5 mm. 

1 c? from the Ninay Valley, Central Arfak Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 3500 ft., 
November 10i)S to January 1000. 

8. Anisogamia veniplaga AVarr. 

In Xop. Zool. xiv. p. 130 (1007), the S only of this species was available for 
description : I am now able to add that of the ? , which differs considerably. The 
costal streak is broader, white densely freckled with brown, without any reddish tint ; 
instead of the two terminal blotches at apex and tornus, both wings have a broad 
bone-coloured terminal border, edged inwardly by a white line consisting of large 
lunules, starting from two-thirds of costa and ending at three-fourths of inner 
margin, twice as broad above vein 4 as below it, the line being dentate outwards at 
veins 6, 4, 3, and 2 ; towards apex of forewing the border is faintly tinged with flesh- 
colour, and is traversed by a darker cloud beyond the white limiting line, increasing 
in depth below middle of forewing and much more developed throughout the hind- 
wing, without any reddish tint ; the veins across the pale border are dotted with 
dark, and the marginal lunules black ; the fringe bone-colour, varied with grey ; 
below the costa of forewing on each side of vein 7 is an elongated patch of green. 
On the underside of forewing the black spot at anal angle is replaced by a broad 
black shade reaching costa, running in the main along the inner edge of the pale 
outer border. 

Expanse of wings : 30 mm. 

1 ? from Ninay Valley, Central Arfak Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 3.500 ft., 
February and March 1900, along with 2 iS from the same locality, somewhat 
smaller than the type c?— 32 mm. instead of 37 mm. 

0. Anisogamia viridistriga spec. nov. 

Forewing : whitish, above the middle suffused in parts with- green and traversed 
by many thick wavy dark green lines, all plainest below middle ; the basal and 
subbasal starting from blackish costal spots, and developing into waved green lines 
below subcostal vein ; the edges of the central fascia dark green, starting from black 
spots on costa, the inner curved from costa, then vertical, preceded by a distinct pale 
band of ground colour ; the outer strongly dentate on veins, the two edges twice as 
near each other on inner margin as on costa, containing two somewhat interrupted 
dark green lines between them below middle and two more in outer half of cell ; the 
pale band following the fascia not so plain as that preceding it ; a pale green patch 
at apex, becoming a narrow green band below middle, the upper part to vein 6 



( -2 ) 

traversed by three white Innnles representing the subterminal line ; a row of broad 
green lunnles along termen, preceded, except be3-ond cell, by larger white Innnles, 
separated by the green veins; fringe pale green; costa between the l)laok spots 
white, at middle and beyond marked with black dots. 

Himhcing : witli the terminal area as in forewing ; the rest of the wing crossed 
by nnraerons waved and partially interrupted pale and dark green striae, the pale 
gronnd colonr slightly discolonred with jnnkish ochreons. 

Underside of forewing greenish white, crossed liy three reddish and dark fiiscons 
bands, the inner slight, the middle and onter forked and swollen above median 
and forming thick dentate lines below ; costa dotted with dark ; hindwing with 
two black fasciae, the median broad at costa, thinning out to inner margin, the 
outer snlmiarginal projecting inwards at middle; lioth with their outer edges 
dentate; marginal Innules black; fringe of both wings pale green. 

Face deep green, white below ; shoulders, patagia, and base of dorsum green, 
the patagia whitish at base; abdomen (discolonred); palpi pale brown ; vertex 
broadly white, with a dark green line behind. 

Expanse of wings : 30 mm. 

A fair series from near the Setekwa Hiver, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 
up to 3500 ft., October to December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

Genus Blechromopsis gin. nov. 

Superficially much resembling the S. American genus Bli'cliroma Moeschl., 
from which it is distinguished by its somewhat thicker scaling, and the hmger and 
less regular pectinations of the antennae of the S ; the palpi obliqnely porrect 
upwards, the terminal segment longer in ? ; hindwing with a slight tooth at vein 4 ; 
veins 6, 7 hardly stalked : the lines accompanied liy brown scaling, as in Anisogamia 
muscosa AVarr., which has the termen of both wings strongly crenulate. 

Type /)'. 7vihifrra spec. nov. 

The species described by me as Agathia punctata {yoi\ Zoo/, vi. p. 327, 1S90) 
from Dammer Island will come into this genus. 

!(•• Blechromopsis costipicta spec. nov. 

Forewing : grass-green ; the costa bright pale ochreons with dense short 
chocolate-brown dots ; a small brown spot at base of cell, and a sligjiter one on 
subcostal, representing the subbasal line ; inner line chocolate brown, deeply 
Innnlate-dentate, the inward teeth marked with brown spots on the veins, the 
lunnles filled in with [liiik ; a thick brown liar across discocelhilar, followed by a 
few brown .striae ; outer line deeply Innulate-deiitate, the lunnles partly interrupted, 
the teeth marked by brown dots, preceded below middle by ]iale dashes ; fringe 
green ; no terminal spots or mottling of fringe. 

Hindwing : with inner line waved, violet brown ; cell-spot minute ; onter line 
deeply Innnlate-dentate, only the teeth marked reddish, preceded by pale dashes, 
the lunnle between 4 and o pinkish ; both lines ending in stronger brown spots on 
inner margin ; a minute dark dot in the tooth at vein 4 ; fringe green. 

Underside whitish green ; costa of forewing yellow with numerous strong 
brown striae ; below it the costal half of wing is deeper green. 

Face ochreons, becoming violet brown above ; palpi dark brown externally, 
ochreons internally : fillet brown ; antennal sliaft ochreons mottled with brown ; 



( 73) 

vertex, thorax, and dorsum green, the last with white segmental spots ; underside 
and legs white, the forelegs fnspons in front. 

Expanse of wings : 32 mm. 

1 d from near the Oetakwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, up to 
3500 ft, October to December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

The forewings are narrow, as in B. mcqaspiln from the same locality. 

11. Blechromopsis dissimilis spec. nov. 

Resembles B. costipicta, but deeper green ; the costa green with short brown 
striae ; the lines tlie same, but more violet ; the lunules of the inner line filled in 
with whitish ; the cell-spot a small dark spot ; hindwing as in coMipicta, with no 
dot in the tooth at vein 4. 

Underside with the costal edge very shortly striated to just beyond middle. 

Face green instead of ochreons. 

Expanse of wings : 34 mm. 

1 S from Upper .Setekwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 2000 to 
3000 ft., August 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

The wings are mnch broader, the terraen of forewing nearly straight, and the 
anal angle well marked, agreeing herein with B. vuhifera. 

12. Blechromopsis nubifera spec. nov. 

Foreirinq : grass green ; the costa yellow, with numerous chocolate brown 
striae ; a brown spot at base of cell ; some brown striae on subcostal vein represent 
the subbasal line ; inner line from one-fourth of costa to one-third of inner margin, 
starting from a brown costal spot, Innulate-dentate, the teeth on the veins long and 
jiointing inwards, the lunules, which are deep, outwards ; brown inwardly whitish- 
edged, the lunules (jreceded by grey-brown shading, the semi-lunule below vein 1 
faint and ]iinkish ; cell-spot black, lying in a cloud of grey-brown striae ; outer line 
from three-fourths of costa to two-thirds of inner margin, strongly lunulate-dentate, 
the white teeth on the veins tipped with green below vein 4 and with brown above 
it, the hinules thickly brown from costa to vein 5, that between 4 and 5 i)ink-tinged ; 
the teeth on veins S, 7, (i brown and confluent; minute brown dots at the vein ends 
followed by pink spots across the green fringe. 

Hindwing : inner line marked by pink spots on each fold ; cell-spot pink ; 
outer line strongly lunulate-dentate, the teeth white tipped with dark green, the 
lunule between 4 and o marked with jiink ; brown terminal spot in the tooth at 
vein 4 large ; an elongate narrow brown blotch at anal angle, below a pink spot on 
inner margin at end of outer line. 

Underside pale green ; the costal half of forewing bright green ; the costal edge 
yellow witli short brown striae; the fringes spotted with pink beyond the dark 
terminal dots. 

Palpi externally, face, vertex, thorax, and dors\im deep green ; fillet dark 
brown; antennal shaft ochreons dotted witli brown, the pectinations in the cj 
mottled brown and ochreons ; dorsum with white segmental dots in the S ; underside 
and legs white, the forelegs tinged in front with fuscous lirown. 

Expanse of wings : (S 42 mm. ; ? 44 mm. 

The type d from the Upper Setekwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 
2000 to 3000 ft., August 1910, the ? from near the Oetakwa River, up to 3500 ft., 
October to December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 



( -n 

13. Blechromopsis megaspila spec. nov. 

Forewing : blner greeii than in mihifem ; the costal edge green striated with 
brown : a large lirowii spot at base of costa ; a small one on costa and snbcostal 
vein, indicating subbasal line ; inner line as in vnbifcrn, bnt forming a brown blotch 
from costa to median vein, then iuterrnpted, the teeth marked })rown on the veins, 
and the tip of the upper Inuule and that on inner margin l)rown : a l)rown cell-spot 
and a spot above it at rise of vein (i ; onter line strongly Innulate-dentate, th(^ 
Innnles marked with brown and edged with white, the teeth forming dark brown 
spots, the Innnles sometimes faint ; the upper part of line to vein 6 ibrming an 
elongate brown blotch between 6 and 7, and the teeth another betweeti 7 and 8 ; 
terminal dark brown s]iots large, those on veins 1 and 4 forming round blotches ; the 
fringe green cheiinered with pink beyond veins. 

Ilhidirhxi : with inner line faint, green ; cell-spot red-brown ; teeth of outer 
line marked by small brown dots; thfe Innnles unmarked except sometimes on each 
fold; a brown pink-tinged spot on inner margin at end of the line ; the spots at end 
of veins 1 and 4 large as in forewing, that at vein 7 elongate. 

Underside pale green ; the costal edge of forewing yellowish, dotted with 
brown ; traces of the brown markings of upperside below costa only. 

Face, vertex, thorax, and abdomen deep green ; palpi externally brown, 
internally whitish ; fillet brown ; antennal shaft ochreous, dotted with brown, the 
pectinations mottled in the i ; base of i)atagia with a large brown s])ot ; basal seg- 
ments of dorsum with large brown spots ; venter, pectus, and legs white ; the 
forelegs fuscous brown in front 

Expanse of wings : $ 3S mm. ; ? 43 mm. 

Several specimens from near the Oetakwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New 
Guinea, up to :!.)(i() ft., October to December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

The markings appear to be stronger in the ¥ . 

14. Chlorocliroma angulilinea spec. nov. 

Foreirinq : bright deej) green ; the terminal intervals marked with rows of 
yellow dots conflueut into streaks ; costa deep yellow, underlined with deep red 
scales ; the lines yellow ; the inner strongly angled outwards on median vein at the 
tiseofvein2; the outer oblique and straight from two-thirds of inner margin to 
four-fifths of costa; a subbasal line oblii|ue from base of inner margin to median 
vein ; a yellow line on discocellnlar : fringe yellow beyond a tine red terminal line. 

Hinrhring : with inner line straight from below costa near base to one-third of 
inner margin ; outer line from two-thirds of costa to two-thirds of inner margin ; 
strongly l)ut bluntly angled outwards below vein 4; the line on discocellnlar sickle- 
shaped; terminal red line thick ; yellow streaks between veins towards tcrmen as in 
forewing. 

Underside pale green, with the pale lines showing throngh ; costa of forewing 
yellow. 

Face, thorax, and abdomen deep green; a yellow dorsal streak starting from 
thorax ; palpi green above, white below ; fillet and antennal shaft yellow ; pectus 
and venter white ; legs tinged with green. 

Expanse of wings : 37 mm. 

1 6 from near Setekwa River, Snow Mts., Dntch New Guinea, up to S.iCM) ft., 
October to December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

Forewings narrower with apex more prominent. 



( 75 ) 
li"), Chlorochroma bicomuta spec. nov. 

Forewing : bright apple green ; costal edge white, uuderlinerl with red, most 
strongly before apex, and wholly red at extreme base; lines paler, faintly crennlate; 
the inner obliqne from one-fifth of costa to one-third of inner margin ; the onter at 
two-thirds, obli(|ne outwards to vein (3, there bluntly angled and obliqne inwards 
parallel to termen, slightly ontcnrved aliove inner margin ; the inner line is followed, 
as the outer is preceded, by slightly darker green, towards costa faintly red-tinged ; 
discocellnlar gre3'-brown, marked with a deeper spot at top and at the angle below, 
emitting a grey-brown tooth along vein 5 parallel to that on lower arm ; terminal 
line deep red, marked with red points at end of veins, slightly swollen at vein 1 ; 
fringe yellow. 

Hindiuing : with large black-brown cell-spot and curved onter line; the 
terminal lines and spots thicker. 

Underside whitish, deep green below the white costa of forewing, which is 
tinged with red at base and underlined with dark towards apex; discocellnlar 
obscurely marked with fawn-colour ; dark terminal dots on forewing from apex to 
vein 4. 

Face, thorax, and dorsum green, the last with a broad yellow stripe ; pal{)i 
white beneath, reddisli above, with the tips red-brown ; vertex and shaft of antennae 
snow-white ; occiput deep red ; pectus, venter, and legs white ; forelegs tinged in 
front with dull red. 

Expanse of wings : 3U-33 mm. 

2 iS from the Setekwa River and the Oetakwa River respectively. Snow 
Mts., Dutch New Guinea, up to 3500 ft., October to December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

The discocellnlar mark of forewing is shaped as in rnfimargo. 

16. Chlorochroma consobrina spec. nov. 

Extremely like C. rufisfriga Warr. {Xor. Zool. xiii. p. 85 (1906)), but dis- 
tinguished by the iimer lino, which is curved, not straight; cell-mark a dark spot, 
not a linear mark ; the hindwing has the hindmargin bluntly but distinctly angled 
at middle, instead of being rounded. 

Expanse of wings : 38 mm. 

2 c?t?, 2 ? ? from Ninay Valley, Central Arfak Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 
3500 ft, November 1908 to March 1909. 

IT. Chlorochroma delicata spec. nov. 

Forewing: bright green, thickly scaled; costa narrowly yellow, with the 
extreme base green ; lines very indistinct, marked by white points on the veins ; 
the outer line nearly straight, not incurved below middle, as in C. strigicosta ; 
fringe shining yellow, with the terminal dots minute ; cell-spot green. 

Hindwing : with onter line only, bent at middle. 

Underside paler green, with the terminal dots plainer ; costa of forewing 
yellow finely speckled with fawn-colour ; the subcostal area deeper green. 

Face, outside of palpi, vertex, thorax, and dorsum green ; fillet and shaft of 
antennae snow-white ; pectus, venter, and legs white. 

The hindwing has the termen less strongly bent at vein 4 than in C.strigirosta. 

Expanse of wings : 38 mm. 

1 c?, 1 ? from near Oetakwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, np to 
3500 ft., October to December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 



(Tfi ) 

18. Chlorochroma indentilinea spec. nov. 

Forevinq : apple green, extremely finely irrorated with miuute pale atoms ; 
costal edge oehreons white, nnderlined with lihic grey ; the lines whitish, the 
inner excurved from subcostal vein at one-fifth to one-third of inner margin ; 
the enter lnnnlate-deutate from below costa at two-thirds, outcurved above middle, 
and strongly inenrved from vein 3 to submedian fold, thence vertical ; cell-spot 
Innnlar, brown, with a deejier brown sjiot at lower end : terminal line lilac, darker 
at the vein ends ; fringe yellow. 

Hindwiiig : with the inner line waved, nearer base ; the onter line with a 
prominent projection between veins 3 and 4, thence strongly inbent ; cell-spot 
with the dark spot at lower end more j)rominont ; fringe and terminal line as 
in forewing. 

Underside jiale green ; a triangular space from costa of forewing deejier green. 

Face, collar, thorax, and abdomen green, the last with a broad yellow dorsal 
stripe starting from middle of thorax ; palpi green above, white below ; vertex snow- 
white, with a bright red band behind it ; autennal shaft white, the pectinations 
green ; pectus, legs, and venter white. 

Expanse of wings : 42 mm. 

1 S from near Setekwa River, Snow Mts., Dntch New Guinea, up to 350(i ft., 
October to December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

K». Chlorochroma pomonae spec. nov. 

Forewinq : delicate pale green ; costal edge speckled white and j)ale fuscous ; 
lines marked by very faint darker green shades with lnnnlate-deutate edges, the 
white teeth on the veins alone conspicuous ; a dark green cell-spot ; fringe yellow. 

Hindwing : with dark green cell-spot and the outer line more bent in middle. 

Underside pale green ; costal edge of forewing fuscous-speckled. 

Head, thorax, and dorsum green ; fillet and antennal shaft, pectus, venter, and 
legs white ; j)alpi externally green. 

Expanse of wings : 40 mm. 

1 ? from Ninay Valley, Central Arfak Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 3.500 f(.. 
February and March lOUO (A. S. Meek). 

20. Chlorochroma rufimargo s]icc. nov. 

Forewing: apple green ; costa deep pink, the costal edge, except at base and 
before apex, narrowly white ; lines diffusely paler green ; the inner obliijue from one- 
fourth of costa to one-third of inner margin, outwardly dentate on median vein and 
slightly on vein 1, followed by a darker shade of green ; outer line oblique outwards 
to vein 'i, then curved anil parallel to termen to two-thirds of inner margin, obscurely 
dentate-luiiulate and slightly swollen on the veins, preceded by a darker green 
shade; terminal line thick, jiink, swollen along the veins to form triangles, with 
a faint yellow edging, marked with a dark dot from apex to 6; fringe yellow; 
cell-mark angular, red-brown, with a projection from its upper end, parallel to the 
lower arm. 

Hindwing : with the cell-spot round, bright red ; the outer line well curved. 

Underside very pale green ; costa of forewing pale ; some obscure reddish grey 
scaling along upper edge of cell, over the cell-mark, and above veins (i and 7 at their 
base ; fringe yellow, with black dots at base from vein 4 to ape.x. 



( '7 ) 

Face, thorax, and sides of abdomen green ; vertex suow-white with a bright 
red line behind ; palpi red above, white below ; a broad pink dorsal line swollen 
into triangles on each segment ; the anal tuft white ; pectus, venter, and legs 
white ; forelegs red in front. 

Expanse of wings : 3'^ mm. 

2 (?(^ from near Oetakwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, up to 3500 ft., 
October to December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

21. Chlorochroma rufinotata spec. nov. 

This sjiecies very closely resembles C. laticostata Warr., Noc. Zoo/, xiii. p. 84 
(190ti), described from the Atigabunga River, Bi-itish New Guinea, but ditfers as 
follows : it is rattier larger in point of size, e.xpanding 32 mm, against 20 mm. ; the 
two lines are darker green, slightly red-tinged, especially at the teeth on the veins, 
and are not marked with white points ; both lines of the forewing and the outer in 
the hiudwing end in red spots on inner margin ; the fringes are strongly tinged with 
red, instead of being pure yellow. 

Two ^ (S from near the Oetakwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, up to 
3500 ft., October to December 191U (A. S. Meek). 

22. Chlorochroma serratilinea spec. nov. 

Closely allied to C. indistincta Warr., Noc. Zool. x. p. 35.5 (1903), from the 
Upper Aroa River, British New Guinea, but the lines are white and distinct, very 
strongly dentate ; the white costa is uuderlined with fawn-colour ; lastly, the fringes 
are grey, not green, much darker on the underside and dotted with dark beyond 
veins ; the undersiile of both wings whitish throughout ; dorsum with white spots 
on last four segments. 

Expanse of wings : 34 — 36 mm. 

Two ? ? from near the Oetakwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, up to 
35U0 ft., October to December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

23. Chlorochroma strigicosta spec. nov. 

Forewiny : pale green, somewhat thinly scaled and semitrauspareut ; costa 
green at extreme base, then white densely striated with fawn-colour ; lines pale, very 
indistinct ; inner oblique outwards from near base of costa to one-third of inner 
margin, dentate inwards on veins, the teeth marked by. pale points ; outer line 
Innulate-dentate, at two-thirds, the teeth marked by white vein-points, preceded by 
a darker shade of green ; cell-spot red-lirown, luuulat<' ; fringe yellow, with minute 
dark points at ends of veins. 

Hindtcimj : with outer line only, excurved in middle ; cell-spot linear, green. 

Underside paler green ; costa of forewing yellowish freckled with brown ; the 
subcostal area deeper gr( on. 

Face, vertex, thoiax, and abiloraen green ; palpi green externally, white within ; 
fillet snow-white ; pectus, venter, and legs whitish. 

Expanse of wings : 40 mm. 

One ? from near Oetakwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, up to 35U0 ft., 
October to December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

Allied to C. Muri/inepu/iciata Warr., but that species has the costa wholly white. 



( '8 ) 

24. Chrysochloroma rubritincta Wan-., ah. fuscimargo imv. 

In Noc. Zool. vol. iii. \t. 364 (1896) I described ruhrilinctu from New Guinea 
as a subspecies of (subalbida AVarr.) = megaloittera Lower from North Quecuslaud. 
Having now seen several specimens of both forms, I am convinced that rubritincta 
is a good species. Of two ? ? from the Oetakwa River, 8now Mts., Dutch New 
Guinea, one agrees perfectly with the type, the otlier I describe as ah.Juscimdrgo 
nov. ; in it the forewing has a chuidy fuscous marginal shade from anal angle 
becoming obsolete above middle, wiiile the hiudwing possesses a broad fuscous 
terminal cloud, which fades out before the anal angle ; the large cell-si)Ot of 
hindwing is encircled by a dilfuse fuscous cloud, and there are two or three small 
patches of fuscous scales between it and the terminal border; in all other points 
it agrees with typical specimens. The two examples were taken by A. S. Meek 
between October and December 101 1>. 

25. Dioscore simplex spec. nov. 

Foirwing : dull grey-green ; inner line marked by white dots on the veins ; 
enter line by a curved row of white vein-spots at two-thirds ; fringe dark grey, with 
large white spots beyond the veins. 

Iliiuhiiny : with the row of spots roundly bent at middle ; a shining white 
slightly raised spot on upper arm of discocellular. 

Underside much paler, somewhat yellowish-tinged towards costa. 

Face, tips of ])alpi, and forelegs pale brown ; vertex, thorax, and dorsum 
concolorous with wings; fillet and antennal shaft white. 

Expanse of wings : 46 mm. 

2 ? ? from Ninay Valley, Central Arfak Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 3500 ft., 
February and March 1909. 

26. Gelasma saturata spec. nov. 

Forewing : very deep grass-green ; lines faintly paler, but very indistinct ; 
the inner curved and followed by a sliglitly darker shaile; the outer from three- 
fourths of inner margin, nearly parallel to termen, and becoming obsolete above 
middle ; a small brown cell-spot ; a fine brown terminal line slightly swollen 
between veins ; fringe brown, rather glossy, with the base somewhat jialer. 

lliiidiriiig : with a large brown cell-spot; the outer Hue plainer and bent 
below middle ; the terminal area broadly brown ; fringe as in forewing. 

Underside brighter green; fringe of both wings dark brown; termen of 
hindwing with some small dull brown clouds between the veins. 

Vertex, thorax, and abdomen concolorous with wings ; face deep brown above, 
paler below ; palpi above deep brown, below greenish white ; antennae deep green ; 
pectus and venter whitish green. 

Expanse of wings : 42 mm. 

1 6 from the Upper Setekwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 2000 — 
3000 ft., July 1910 (A. «. Meek). 

Allied to G. electrica Warr., Nod. Zool. iii. p. 303 (1896), from Ron Island, 
New Guinea. 

27. Halterophora nereis spec. nov. 

Forewing : deep sea-green, marked with three oblique white bauds ; the first 
broad near base, from inner margin to upper edge of cell, slightly waved, and 



( -9) 

pointed at top, followed by a faint pale line before the dark green cell-spot ; outer 
band white, its edges slightly liinnlate-dentate from costa before apex, where it is 
thin and faint, to middle of inner margin, more obliqne inwards below vein 4; a 
less distinct snbmarginal band, oblique below vein 2, ending near onter band ; 
slightly paler green horizontal streaks in the intervals above vein 4 before onter 
line; a fine dark green marginal line; fringe green; costa minutely brown- 
speckled. 

Hinc/icing : with base dark green, followed by an inner white band, on the 
edge of which is the deeper green cell-spot ; a broad curved white band from before 
apex to two-thirds of inner margin, with diffuse outer edge, and a snbmarginal one 
from apex to tornus. 

Underside whitish green, the pale bands showing through ; costal area, and 
cell-fold of forewing, and base of hindwing deep green. 

Head and thorax deep green ; abdomen paler green, with white segmental 
belts ; antennae green. 

Expanse of wings : 44 mm. 

1 S from Ninay Valley, Central Arfak Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 3500 ft., 
November 1908 to January 1909. 

Allied to but distinct from thalassias Warr. 



28. Mixochlora radiata spec nov. 

Forewing : deep green, with paler lustrous green shading ; an outwardly 
oblique pale band from about one-fourth of costa to one-third of inner margin ; an 
oblique slightly curved pale line from below three-fourths of costa to middle of 
inner margin, emitting pale horizontal streaks outwards between the veins, 
diminishing in length and clearness upwards ; another pale line, more strongly 
curved, from apex to inner margin before anal angle ; the cell before and a slight 
space beyond the dark discal mark paler ; fringe green, with paler tips. 

Hindwing : with a straight p.de line in middle, emitting, as in f irewing, pale 
rays outwards ; a pale interrupted submargiual line ; base of wing with paler 
streaks between the veins ; the discal spot dark green. 

Underside pale yellow-green, with dark green cell-spots, distinct onter, and 
slight snbmarginal lines; fringe dark green ; costa of forewing yellow. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen deep green; centre of vertex whitish; the dorsum 
mixed with whitish. 

Expanse of wings : cJ 46 mm. ; ? 48 mm. 

3 c?cJ, 1 ? from Ninay Valley, Central Arfak Bits., Dutch New Guinea, 
3500 ft, February and March 19U9. 

Genus Oxypora gen. nov. 

Wings thinly scaled, semi-transparent ; costa straight but strongly shouldered 
at base; apex blunt ; termeu curved ; the hindwing with a slight elbow at vein 4 ; 
palpi porrect, slender ; tongue well developed ; antennae of <S plumose to beyond 
middle; of ? with the segments triangular, closely pubescent; discocellular of 
forewing with the u])per arm oblique inwards, then acutely angled inwards, the 
lower arm long and curved ; of hindwing with the upper arm vertical to below the 
origin of vein 5, then long and curved as in forewing ; veins C, 7, 8, 9, lo stalked 



(80) 

from end of cell in forewiiig ; 11 free, closely appressed to 12 bnt not anastomosing; 
in bindwing veins 0, T stalked and (in one species) 'i, 4 also shortly stalked. 
Type : Oxypora dentilinea spec. nov. 

29. Oxypora dentilinea spec. nov. 

Forewing : ? dull green, semitransparent ; costal edge yellow with very fine 
dark strigae ; lines shining whitish ; the inner at one-third much waved, indented 
cm the veins and with a strong projection, faintly double, on each fold ; it is jjreceded 
l)v basal and snbbasal fainter lines parallel to it; outer line huiulate-dentate, 
strongly inbeiit at the folds ; snbterminal line j>arallel, but marked chiefly by the 
teeth on tlie veins and a single lunule across submedian fold ; veins towards termen 
finely dark green ; terminal line fine, dark green, with whitish dots at the vein 
ends; fringe green. 

Hindwiiii) : without basal lines ; the short upper arm of discocellular marked 
by a shining whitish spot; a shining pale spot at base of botli wings. 

Underside pale green, with the markings showing through. In the <S only the 
outer line is visible, the scaling being thicker. 

Face and fillet greenish white ; vertex, thora.x, and basal half of dorsum 
green ; anal half ochreous ; legs and venter whitish ; shaft of antennae whitish, 
the pectinations dark. 

E.xpause of wings : c? 28 mm., ¥ 32 mm. 

A pair from the Upper Setekwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 2000 
to 3000 ft., August 1910 i A. S. Meek). 

30. Oxypora spilota spec. nov. 

Forc'ici/u/ : dull green with the veins darker ; costal edge strongly speckled with 
brown ; inner line waved as in dentilinea, but whiter, touching the dark green upper 
arm of discocellular ; outer line marked by white spots on the veins ; terminal 
line thicker ; fringe pale green with white dots at base between the veins. 

llindwitig : with outer line only ; upper arm of discocellular greenish white ; 
a large white spot in tooth below vein 4. 

Underside pale green, with the white spots showing through. 

Face greenish white ; vertex, thorax, and dorsum green, segments 4 and .") 
with black saddle-shaped blotches ; underside and legs white ; shaft of antennae 
pink, the pectinations pale. 

Expanse of wings: <J ? 30 mm. 

A pair from the Oetakwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, uj) to 
3000 ft., October to December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

In this species the angle of discocellular in forewing is not so deep as in the 
type species ; veins ti, 7 are more shortly stalked in hindwing, while 3 and 4 are 
shortly stalked in hindwing and connate in forewing ; in dcnliUma vein 3 rises 
well before 4. 

31. Probolosceles agathia spec. nov. 

Forewing : green ; the costal edge yellowish ; the m'arkiugs reddish ; lines 
double, band-like, their edges deep red, the centre grey ; first close to base, 
interrupted in middle, consisting of a subcostal spot and a smaller one on iimer 
margin ; second line just beyond middle, vertical, the edges luuulate between the 



( 81 ) 

veins ; at vein 2, where it joins the outer border, strongly carved inwards to near 
middle of inner margin ; outer border broader, forming a slight sinus outwards 
between 4 and 6 and another from 4 to 2, expanding below vein 2 into a rounded 
blotch; red terminal spots between veins; fringe reddish green. 

Hindicing : with onh' the red border, which is broad at apex, redder-edged 
internall)', forming a sinus outwards between 2 and 4 and a smaller one above, and 
a rounded blotch at anal angle, the inner margin narrowly red in middle. 

Underside whitish green, the markings slightly indicated. 

Face and palpi red above, white beneath ; fillet whitish, antennal shaft whitish, 
the pectinations reddish ; shoulders briglit green ; patagia green with the tips 
reddish; dorsum red ; pectus, venter, and anal segment pale greenish. 

Expanse of wings : 20 mm. 

1 ? from Knmasi River, British New Guinea, August 1907 (A. S. Meeij). 
The ? has pectinated antennae. 

The markings recall those of the genus Ayathia. 

32. Probolosceles moniliata spec. uov. 

Forewing : deep bright green ; costa broadly cream-white, underlined with 
bright pink before apex ; inner and outer lines marked by red spots on inner 
margin ; the outer lunulate-dentate, but hardly traceable except by a deeper shade ; 
the terminal line deep pink, interru])tcd by large white spots at the end of the 
veins ; fringe bright pink in basal half, whitish in apical ; cell-spots red-brown. 

Hindwing : green, blurred with whitish and grey-green, deeper along costa ; 
traces of a crennlate outer line, ending in a red spot on inner margin ; cell-spot 
red ; fringe as in forewing. 

Underside pale green, the forewing flushed with reddish towards base ; costa 
yellow ; fringe rosy. 

Face, palpi externally, vertex, thorax, and dorsum deep green, the last paler 
towards anus ; fillet white ; pectus, venter, and legs whitish. 

Expanse of wings : 26 mm. 

1 (? from Rendova, Solomon Islands, February 1904 (A. S. Meek). 

Remarkable for the blurred green hindwings and bright pink fringes. 

33. Pyrrhaspis reversa spec. nov. 

Foreiring : dull green with scattered pale vermiculations ; costal edge white, 
becoming ochreous towards apex ; lines marked by white dashes on veins ; the 
inner very inconspicuous, oblique outwards ; the outer as in glauca nearly 
straight, commencing at vein 0, the dash on vein 3 slightly exterior to the rest, that 
on vein 1 the same size as the others ; upper arm of discucellular green, the 
lower curved part silvery white; large white terminal spots at the ends of the veins 
running out into the fuscous fringe. 

liiiulwing : without inner line ; the outer bent on vein 4 ; the upper part of 
discocellnlar silvery white, the lower green ; terminal spots and fringe the same as 
in forewing. 

Underside uniform whitish green. 

Face, palpi, thorax, and abdomen green, the last with white segmental rings 
and dorsal sjwts ; vertex, pectus, venter, and legs whitish ; forelegs reddish in 
front 

6 



(82) 

Expanse of wings : 4(5 mm. 

1 ? from Upper Setekwa River, Snow Mts., Dutcli New Gninea, up to 3500 ft., 
October to December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

34. Thalassodes flavifimbria spec. nov. 

Forewiiig : rather deep green, the sealing tliicker than in rcriiria Guen., 
with a few whitish strigulae ; the costal edge pale yellow; inner line fine, white, 
obliqne to one-tliird of inner margin ; onter straight, white, at two-thirds ; 
fringe yellow. 

IliiidinrK/: with outer line running parallel to termen throughout, the lower 
jiavt crennlate and tiner ; fringe yellow. 

Underside paler green, the white onter line showing through ; costa of forewing 
yellow. 

Face, thorax, and dorsum green; fillet and anal segment whitish. 

Expanse of wings : 31 — 3.5 mm. 

•Z S S from Kumasi River, British New Gninea, June llMiT (Meek). 

The species resembles T. alhifimhria from South Africa, but the fringe is 
yellow instead of white and the face green ; the termen of forewing is slightly bent 
at vein 4. 

3."). Thalassodes halioscia spec. nov. 

Foreichnj : deep sea-green, semihyaline and iridescent, with numerous pale 
vermiculations, which are slightly less abundant in the central area and make it 
appear darker; costa narrowly yellow; lines whitish, faint; the inner oblique at 
one-fourth, the green just beyond it deeper; the onter somewhat lunnlate-dentate 
at two-thirds, preceded by a deeper green shade and obsolete above middle ; a deeper 
green cell-spot ; fringe green. 

HiiidtriiKj : with the outer line bent at vein 4. 

Underside paler, with the costa of forewing yellowish. 

Thorax and dorsum deep green ; fillet and antennal shaft white ; face and i)ali)i 
externally reddish brown ; pectus, venter, and legs whitish ; the forelegs reddish 
in front. 

Expanse of wings : 40 mm. 

1 (?, 1 ? from Arawa, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, December 1907 (Meek). 

Broader-winged and deeper green than hyrsopis Meyr. 

30. Thalassodes rubellifrons spec nov. 

Exactly like 7. .mbciridis Warr., yor. /Cool. xii. ji. 10 (1!H.)5), from Ghristmas 
Island, but the face and palpi are red instead of green. 

1 S from Ninay Valley, Central Arfak Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 3500 ft., 
November 1908 to January 1909. 

Subfamily DEILINIINAE. 
Genus Meekia gen. nov. 

Foreidng : elongate triangular ; the costa straight ; apex prominent, blunt ; 
termen obliquely curved ; hindwing with termen and both angles ronnded ; 
scaling smooth and slightly glossy ; base of hindwing shouldered, occupied in the 
$ by a swollen bladdery pustule; frenulum present, fine; tongue present; palpi 



( «3 ) 

porrect, decambent, laterally flattened, the segmeuts obscured ; aiiteuuae 
lamellate, with short clavate teeth ; legs simple, hind-tibiae with four spnrs ; 
neuration : forewing with cell a little longer than half of wing ; discocellnlar 
vertical ; vein 2 at two-thirds, 3 close before 4; radials normal; 7, 8, 9 stalked 
from before end of cell ; 10, 11 stalked, the stalk anastomosing at a point with 
12, then again strongly with the stalk of 7, 8, 9 ; hindwing with costal and 
snbcostal shortly anastomosing at middle of cell ; 3 and 7 well before angles of 
cell ; no radial. 

Type : Mee/dajlavicosta spec. nov. 

This genns presents several anomalies. 

37. Meekia flavicosta spec. nov. and ab. tincta nov. 

Foreiciiig : shining white, speckled with olive brown ; costal streak brownish 
yt'llow with dark freckling ; inner and outer lines at one-third and two-thirds, oblique 
parallel to termen, formed of brown specks, plain only in lower half of wing and not 
reaching the costa, in the S hardly marked, except by brown spots on inner margin ; 
slight brown terminal spots, stronger in ? ; fringe white ; cell-spot round and black, 
distinct in ?, obsolete in S. 

Hindwing : with the two lines distinct in lower half of wing in the ? , absent in 
the S ; cell-spot present in ? onlj'. 

Underside white : costa of forewing yellow ; terminal black dots present ; cell- 
spots present in ? only. 

Face and palpi brownish yellow ; verte.x, thorax, and abdomen white; pectus, 
venter, and legs white; the forelegs brownish yellow in front. 

Expanse of wings : 22 mm. 

1 ?, 2 c?(?, from near Oetakwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Gninea, up to 
3o0a ft., October to Doceml)er 1910 (A. S. Meek), and 1 S from the Upper Retekwa 
Kiver, August 1910. 

2 (SS from the former locality must be separated as ab. tincta ; both wings, 
above and below, are pale straw-colour, except at base, which is white, like the vertex 
and thorax, while the abdomen is straw-colour; unlike the typical cJcf these have 
the two lines, the cell-spots, and terminal dots as strongly marked as in the ? . 



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NOTE ON CONURUS AERUGINOSUS AND THE ALLIED 

SPECIES. 

Bv T. SALVADOR!, C.M.Z.S. 

REVIEAVING the sjiecies of the geiins Coiiurus for Wytsman's (rciu'ru of 
. Birds, I Lave found some difficulty in fixing the characters distinguishing 
the species of the C. aeruginosus and C. pertinax group. Luckily I have had the 
good fortune to receive from the Hon. 'W . Rothschild a large series of specimens of 
nearly all the known species of the group. 

In the Catalogue of Birds, vol. .xx., containing the Parrots, only four 
species of that group were recognised: ('. cactorum, which needs no special 
remark, ('. aeruginosus, C. ocularis, and C. pertinax. The want of specimens 
l}reveuted me from recognising some other species. To C. pertinax was 
attributed by me also C. xantliogenius Bp., Consp. i. p. 1 (1850), described 
from a specimen said to be from Brazil. It was the good fortune of 
Dr. Hartert to rediscover the bird in the Island of Bonaire, fixing its specific 
characters {Ibis, 10ii3, p. 331). Also Mr. Cory {Field Mus. of Nat. Hist., Orn. 
i. p. 211, I'.MV.)) has received a good series of specimens collected in the Island 
of Bonaire by Mr. Ferry ; he also rightly notices that the golden-yellow crown will 
always distinguish adult birds in full plumage, while immature birds have the 
crown yellow with a few green feathers, or the crown green with a few yellow 
feathers, and, lastly, young birds have the crown entirely green without yellow, and 
showing only a trace of orange yellow on the forehead. Specimens of similar 
descriptions are among the six birds sent me from Triug. 

Of C. pertinax I have received four specimens, three of them from Curasao. 
This species is very similar to C. xantliogenius, but it never has the head entirely 
yellow orange, although sometimes it shows yellow feathers among the green and 
blue ones of the top of the head. One specimen, which lived in the Zoological 
Society's Gardens, without exact locality, has the bill much stronger, with the hook 
very long, probably from having been kept in confinement. 

Of C. ocularis I have examined a gnod series of thirteen specimens : in every 
one of them the green of the crown comes forward as fiir as the base of the bill ; 
there is no trace of yellow frontal band. The series does nut show much individual 
variation ; on the contrary, it is very uniform. lu this species the yellow patch 
under the eyes is sharply defined. 

Of C. aeruginosus I have received from Tring a large series of over thirty 
specimens from British Guiana (Roraima, Anai), from Margarita Island, and from 
Venezuela (Ciudad Bolivar, Cumana, Camjios Alcgre, Cariaco, Altagracia, Suapure, 
Maipnres, San Carlos (if in Venezuela), and V'aleucia). They show some variations ; 
as already remarked by Count Berlepsch and Dr. Hartert {Nov. Zool. ix. p. Iu7), 
the specimens from Ciudad Bolivar, as well as those from Snapnre, have mostly 
more yellow about the eyes. The young birds of C. aeruginosus have the crown 
green, scarcely tinged with blue, and the yellow circle round the eyes not very 
prominent — nearly obsolete. 

Very near to C. aeruginosus comes C. arubensis Hart., of which I have seen 



( «•■> ) 

tlie type and a secoud sijeciiueii. Count ljerli'j)sch and Dr. Hartert (/.'•.) liave 
alread)' noticed that some specimens of C. aerughiosus collected by Mr. (^herrie in 
the Orinoco Region (especially from Ciudad Bolivar and Altagracia, and in Margarita 
Island) ajijiroach those of ('. arubi-ioiig. I think that in some cases it will be 
difiicnlt to distinguish the two forms, although the cheeks and throat of C.ancbensis 
ajjpear somewhat paler. Among the specimens of C. aeriujinosus, the more western, 
among those belonging to the Tring Museum, is one from Valencia. 

From Antioquia, in Colombia, the Tring Museum possesses one specimen 
purchased from Mr. Dunstall ; it has been kept in confinement, and differs from 
all the specimens of ('. acriiginosm in having the cheeks and throat very dark 
Wown, the feathers of the cheeks distinctly of a scale-like ai)pearance ; besides, it 
aas a very narrow yellow line bordering the lower eyelid. A similar specimen, but 
of a darker tinge on the throat and cheeks, is ke])t alive by Dr. Festa, of Turin. It 
appears to me that the latter, the Antioquiau one, and probably all the Colombian 
ones, belong to a form distinct from the one from Venezuela and British (iuiana ; 
the Colombian ftu'm, I think, must stand as ('.chnjaophrys Sw., figured by Souance, 
Icon. Vinr. \A. \\. 

I am not acquainted with C. tortuyeusis Cory, l-'i<dd Mas. of Nat. Hint.., Orit. i. 
p. 2X!0 (191)0), from Tortuga Island, similar to ('. ai'iuyiiiosus, but with the sides 
of the head more orange }ellow, and with the lower part of the cheeks paler, as in 
C. urudi'ji «)■■<. 

In conclusinn, instead of the four species admitted in th(! Cutnliiijae of /i'li/.t 
in Is'.ij, we have now eight * : C. cactorum, from S.l<]. Brazil, ('. .rantlioyt'iiius, from 
Bonaire, <'. ]iertina.r, Uo\n ('nviuyMt and Saint Thoma<, C. oculnri.'t, from Panama, 
('. aeiiiyiiiogit.s, from British (iuiana and Venezuela, ('. uri(//('/ix/',i, from Arnba, 
C. tortugeiMis, from Tortuga Island, anil ('. cliri/soiiluijs, Irom (.'ulomliia. 

* In the opinion of tlie Editors, altliougli tliey agree as to tbere being eiglil fu:ni4, ull of tlie above 
are sub.fpsties of one species ; and 8o it would be st.angc if some specimens did not sliow intcrgradalioua 
in plutnage. 



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CALIGULA HtBR. SAL3I0yi, A NEW HYBRID OF 
SATUEXIIBAK 

By J. HKNRY WATSON. 

IN tlie Ti-dDsactions of the MuDcL'stei- Ento^iwloijintl Socirt;/, lOlD, I called 
iittentiou to the ova obtained by Mr. Salmon from a pairing between C.jnjionica 6 
awl C. Simla ?, both moths having been reared on hawthorn. At the same time I 
nienlioMod that, the larvae of the two species were very similar, e.xcept tiiat C ."///da 
went lighter in colour one stage in advance of C. Jajwnica. 




(alit/ttlu hyljl". saliiumi. 

Very few of the ova laid hatched out — about eight only — and of these larvae 
bat four spun up, two being reared by Mr. Salmon and two by myself. Tlie 
larvae were undistinguishable from jaj/o///ca or si/id/t, and were fed ou hawthorn. 
One ? emerged August 7, 1911, and another in Mr. Salmon's possession on 
August 2-1. 

It is interesting to note that both sj)ecimeus were unfertile. I have one cf 
pui)a which api)ears to be deferring its emergence till next year. One larva of 
Jlr. Salmon's died in cocoon. 1 dissected the first ? hatched ; its soft flaccid liody 
told me there were no ova in the body, and this was verified on dissection. There 



(87) 

are no traces of eggs in this ? , nor in the later one hatched, and it remains yet 
to be seen if the S is fertile. Judging from this result we must keep simht and 
japonica distinct. 

This ease may be on a par with Anthereti hybr. Kirhiil raised by my old corres- 
pondent Mons. Alfred Wailly in 1881, which he got to pair with one another and 
which he reared through three generations. Others, however, have since bred this 
hybrid, bnt the specimens are uniformly all unfertUe. A pair of Wailly's original 
hybrid which he sent to me are in the collection of the Manchester Museum. 
Perhaps others who cross C. japonica and C. simla may under other conditions induce 
fertility in the hybrid. 

In describing this hybrid I wish to associate Mr. Salmon's name with it, calling 
it C. hyb. mlmoiii. 

Colour intermediate hetweea Japonica and simla; forewings more pointed than 
either parent ; the eye-spot well within the pale central fascia. Hindwing with the 
marginal line as pronounced as in simla, m japonicn the line being very faint or 
wanting. 

Two ? ? , one in my own and one in Mr. A. E. Salmon's collection. 



NEW ANTHEIBIDAE IN THE COLLECTION OE 
H. E. ANDREWES. 

By Dr. K. JORDAN. 

nPHE types of the new Anthrihidae described below are in the collection of 
H. E. Andrewes, one or more cotypes being in each case presented to the 
Tring Museum. The specimens were collected by H. L. Andrewes, if not stated 
otherwise. 

1. Physopterus callocerus spec. nov. 

S ¥. Niger, fulvo pubescens, sparsim griseo guttatns. Antennae rufae, griseo- 
rnfo pubescentes, clava nigra, segmento 2° in ntroque sexu tertio breviore. 
Prothorax serie transversa guttarnm grisearum notatus. Elytra post medinm 
valde convexa, hand tnbercnlata, trientibns basali ajiicaliijue griseo pubescentibus, 
duabus guttis rotundis una subbasali altera ante apicem sitis nigro-velntinis. 
Tibiae tarsique rnfescentes, griseo-rufo pubescentes, non annulati. 

Long. (cap. excl.) 7 — 9 mm. 

5 tJc? and 3 ? ? from the Nilgiri Hills, 3500 ft., rainy season, also found by 
Capt. A. K. Weld Downing in the Ouchterlony valley, Nilgiris, at 35UU ft., on 
tree-stems, in June. 

The grey spots are fairly distinct on the elytra excepting a transverse belt in 
front of the apical declivity. The elytra are transversely depressed behind the 
bnt slightly elevate snbbasal callosities, and somewhat resemble in shape those 
of P. gibbosus Gner. (1843), bnt are shorter, as is also the prothorax. The bright- 
coloured antennae and the two velvety black spots on each elytrum distinguish 
this species at a glance. 



(88) 

2. Phloiophilus sulcirostris nissus ?nl)sp. nov. 

cJ ? . Pli. sitlc. )<i//rini.-<tn persimilis, oenlis minus oljliijiiirt, froiite latiore, 
elytris brevioribus, fortins stiiatia, ail sntnram magis ilejirpssis, tuberculis snbbasa- 
libns majoribns diversus. 

One pair from Caia, Zambezi, February '.), 1011 (H. Scliwale). 

The elytra bear a well-defined luteons spot behind the middle between the 
second and fifth stripes. The pubescence of the iipperside is of a more rnsset 
tint than in P. s. sulcirostrits. 

3. Litocerus hamearis spec. nov. 

(? ? . Niger, snpra luteo signatns, infra griseo pubescens, autennarnm segmentis 
ad basin rnfis, segmeuto ultimo ad apicem luteo, femoribus tibiis tarsorumque 
segmentis ad basin jiUis miunsve rufis. 

Eostrum latitudine parum longins, fere vertic-ale, quinqne-carinatum, carina 
media ad apicem usque fere extensa. Frons valde triangularis, oculis in S autice 
suboontignis. Funiculus antennarum in S distincte iucrassatns, sed graeilior 
qnam clava, segmento 8° in utroque se.xn nono breviore. Pronotum versus latera 
pnnctatum, vitta mcdiana at puncto ad snlcnm transversnm desinentem sito et 
lateribus duas guttas nigras inclndentibus luteis, carina dorsali convexa, ad latera 
in angnlo recto antrorsum flexa. Elytra retrorsum paulo angustata, ad sntnram 
levissimc depressa, sat grosse punctato-striata ; macnla basali snturali postice 
divisa autice ad marginem basalem versus bumeros continuata, deinde macula 
etiam suturali oblonga, praeterea guttis minoribus in 4 vel 5 seriebus transversis 
plus miuusve arcnatis positis. Abdomen in c? et ? convexnm. 

Long. (cap. excl.) 4 — 4"5 mm. 

4 cJc? and 3 ? ? from Karkur Ghat, Nilgiri Hills, May 1911. 

Near L. himeralis Jord. (1894), but the rostrum is shorter, the frons 
decidedly more triangular, the shaft as well as the club of the antennae are less 
slender, the eighth antennal segment in the S is one-third and in the ? one-half 
shorter than the nintli, the markings of the elytra are smaller, the last abdominal 
sternite of the S is not flattened and the antennae and leg.s are much less extended 
rufous. 

4. Litocerus taeniatus spec nov. 

cJ ? . Speciei L. patiei Lesne (1891) dictae valde affinis ; fronte angustiore, 
pronoto minus dense punctato magis rugoso vitta mediana completa ad sulcum 
transversum et carinam constricta notato, carina dorsali minus convexa distin- 
guendns. 

1 S from the Nilgiri Hills, rainy season, 35UU ft., and 1 ? from Nadgani, 
Nilgiri Hills, 2500 ft., October 1010. 

The frons is anteriorly in the c? as wide and in the ? half as wide again as 
the second segment of the antennae. 

5. Nessiara olivacea spec. nov. 

(??. Nigra, tomento griseo-olivaceo dense vestita, nigro signata ; prothorace 
([uatuor maculis dorsalibus diagonaliter connexis atque tribus in utroque latere sitis 
nigris ; elytris nigro-gnttulatis, guttnlis in medio plus miunsve conflnis. Oculis 



(89) 

in I? fere contiguis, in 9 separatis interspatio quintae parti rostri latitadinis aequali. 
Carina dorsali prothoracis in medio leviter et versus latera distinctius retrorsnm 
flexa. 

Long. (cap. excl.) 7 — 7'5 mm. 

1 (? and 1 ¥ from Anaimalai and Karknr (Jhat, Nilgiri Hills, .3;")r)0— 4000 ft., 
bnzzing abont and settling on felled trees ; exactly like a blue-bottle in mode of 
flight. 

Rostrum nearly double as broad as long, with a feebly raised obtuse mesial 
carina. Underside of head, prosternnm and underside of fore and mid femora with 
rather long hair. Antennae black, short, the club less loose than in most species, 
in ? segments 10 and 11 broader than, in c? as broad as, long. The four dorsal 
spots of the pronotum diagonally united by two thin lines. The elytra hardly at 
all depressed at the suture, almost evenly convex everywhere, at each side of the 
scutellum a black spot, nnmeroas small black spots irregularly scattered over the 
surface, those placed in the centre between stripes I and 5 confluent, a moderately 
large spot on apical declivity. Under surface silky. Tips of tibiae blackish ; 
mid tibia of cf mucronate. 

Unlike any other species known to me. 

fi. Disphaerona verrucella spec. nov. 

(??. Nigra, tomento fulvo-ochraceo vestita, tibiis annnlo bene expresso sub- 
mediano ornatis, antennarum fnnicnlo atque tarsorum segmentis 3'° 4"que rufescen- 
tibus, clava apice jiallide rufa. Caput cum rostro grisescens. Carina pronoti valde 
irregularis undulata, ad latera in snmmo lobo magno prothoracis sita. Elytra dense 
tubercnlata, ante apicem abrupte declivem tuberculo magno et pone basin utriusque 
elytri duobus tuberculis minoribus instructa. 

Long. (cap. excl.) 4 5— .5-5 mm. 

1 <S and 1 ? from the Nilgiri Hills, the <3 found by Capt. A. K. Weld 
Downing, the ? by H. L. Andrewes. 

The frons is anteriorly in the 3 a little narrower and in the ? a little wider 
than half the width of the rostrum. The prothorax offers the most distinctive 
features, being dilated behiud the centre of the sides into a lobe which is rounded 
in a dorsal view. The carina is curved backwards in centre, then forward, again 
backward, forward, and then runs in a curve along the crest of the lateral lobe ; 
the pronotum is transversely raised into several indefinite tubercles placed between 
the carina and apex ; puncturation coarse and dispersed. The globular elytra are 
very rough, all the interspaces being tuberculate. The tubercle placed in tiie third 
interspace in front of the apical declivity is large, there being another fairly large 
tubercle in the same interspace near the base and a small one between that tubercle 
and the scutellum ; the declivous apex is somewhat flattened and bears in the S a 
black patch on the suture ; the submarginal interspace bears some grey dots. 

7. Phaulimia priva nigrina subsp. nov. 

c? ?. Nigra, subtus luteo et nigro macnlata. 

1 c? and 2 ? ? from Karkur Ghat, Nilgiri Hills, 15U0 ft.. May 1011 (H. L. 
Andrewes). 

Much darker than /'//. prica prica, the legs reddish only at the joints, the 



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alternate interspaces of the elytra very conspicnonsly spotted black and liiteons, the 
third intersjiaco with a slightly larger luteoas spot before and behind the middle. 

8. Habrissus andrewesi nom. nov. 

ffabrlsms selVfer Jord. (nee Lac. 1867), Nov. Z,u,l. p. 4IJ9 (190i;). 

By some oversight I believed the name of Lacordaire's species to be sellatus 
(cf. Stett. Ent. Zeit. 1895, p. 178), and chose the name selUfer to denote the close 
affinity of the two insects. However, Lacordaire named his species selli/er, and 
therefore the one described by me requires a new name. Mr. Andrewes drew my 
attention to the error, and I have mnch pleasure in associating his name with the 
present species. 

'.». Habrissus molitor spec nov. 

?. //. selUfero Lac. (1867) valde affinis, tomento denso sat longo griseo-albo 
vestitus, nigro signatns, antennis nigris, segmentis P-S" basi apiceque rnfescenti- 
bus. — Long. (cap. excl.) 8 mm. 

2 ¥ ? from Karknr Ghat, 1500—2000 ft., May and July 1911. 

Pronotnm with a few indistinct black spots at the sides and in front of the 
scutellum. Elytra with a spot at the scntellum, on the snbbasal callosity, shoulder 
angle and behind the shoulders black, before the middle a transverse band of black 
confluent spots widest at the suture, another band at the beginning of tlie apical 
declivity ; suture hardly at all depressed. Pygidium greyish white with a median 
spot and the apical margin black. 

On the underside two black dots on the metepisternum and a row of indistinct 
lateral spots on the abdomen placed at the bases of the segments. A median spot 
on the femora, the apices of the tibiae and of the first and fourth tarsal segments 
as well as the whole upperside of the second and third segments black. 



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DESCRIPTIONS OF TWO GIANT RATS FROM NEW GUINEA, 
PRESENTED TO THE BRITISH MUSEUM BY THE HON. 
WALTER ROTHSCHILD, F.R.S. 

By OLDFIELD THOMAS. 

(Published by permission nf the Trustees of the British ifuseuui.) 

Uromys rothschildi sp. n. 

A very large. wholly black-tailed species allied to U. anak. 

8ize rather less than in U. anak. General colour above blackish grey, 
appearing at first sight mnch darker than in anak, but this would seem to be due 
to the fact that the type is almost wholly in fresh unbleached pelage, while that 
of anak is, with the exception of a few patches, in a bleached and reddened 
condition. These few patches are, as stated in the original description, of a dark 
grizzled grey, made up of mixed black and white, and this colour is closely similar 
to that of U. rothschildi ; the latter appears, however, to be rather more heavily 
washed with black on the crown and fore-back. Under-snrface dull soiled whitish, 
not sharply defined laterally, the basis of the hairs pale slaty, except on the throat 
and a small patch on the middle of the chest, where they are white to the roots ; 
chin dark brown. Ears short, rounded, naked, brown. Hands and feet blackish 
brown above, the digits practically naked. Tail with its basal two inches hairy, 
blackish ; the remainder naked, finely scaled, black to the tip. Mammae, — 2 = 4. 

Skull essentially rather smaller than that of U. anak, but owing to its 
longer muzzle the total length would be about the same. Nasals very long, 
narrow, their broadest point in front, then narrowing and again broadening at their 
middle ; not extremely narrowed behind. Supraorbital edges well ridged ; a 
prominent sub-postorbital process present. Diastema very long, with the palatal 
foramina situated far forwards, their posterior end in front of the anterior end of 
the anteorbital canal ; the distance from their hinder end to the front root of m' 
decidedly greater than that from their front end to the henselion. Molars smaller 
than in U. anak. 

Dimensions, taken on skin : Head and body, 350 ; tail, 355 ; hindfoot (wet), 
68; ear (wet), 23. Skull, gnathion to basilar suture, 58 ; zygomatic breadth, 34; 
nasals, length, 28, anterior breadth, 7-4, middle breadth, ()-5 ; interorbital breadth, 
10-5; breadth between parietal ridges, 18-2; height of muzzle behind incisors, 
14-2; height of crown from alveolus of m', 19"5 ; palatilar length, 37-0 ; diastema, 
23 ; palatal foramina, 6-5 x 3-4; upper molar series (crowns), 12-8. 

Hab. : Rawlinson Mts., S.E. German New Guinea. 

T>j/jc: Adult female, B.M. No. 12. 1.31.2. Collected by C. Keyser, and 
presented by the Flon. Walter Rothschild, F.R.S. 

This fine species, which 1 have named in honour of the donor of the two 
valuable rodents now described, is undoubtedly most nearly allied to U. anak, but 
differs by the cranial details above described. U. ralidiia and the other related 
New Guinea sjiecies are smaller, and have yellow tail-tips. U. miiltijdicatas Jent., 
a species based on a young specimen, came from Humboldt Bay, and is therefore 
not likely to be the same. All this group of Uromi/s have the "multi-plicate" 
structure of tlie palate used as a distinguishing character by Dr. .Tentink. 



{ 92 ) 

Mallomys hercules sp. n. 

Larger than J/, rotlischildi, nasal and auteorbital region more swollen. 

Size very large ; one of the largest of the Muridae. Fnr long, ordinary hairs 
of back abont 35 mm. in length, the longer bristle hairs attaining nearly 70 mm. 
(leneral colonr dark grey (■' slate colour "), not very dissimilar to that of M. 
rothscliildi, with the e.\ce])tion that the projecting ends of the long bristle hairs are 
whitish instead of black. The ordinary fnr is slaty for most of its length, then 
browner, blackish at tip, but with commonly a glossy whitish subterminal band. 
Under-snrface cream-bnff, nearly white on throat, inner side of forearms, and in 
inguinal region ; in M. rothschildi the under-snrface is more or less greyish. Chin 
brown. Head uniformly brownish, the area ronnd the eyes a little darker. Ears 
short, naked, brown, the fur of the head round them rather greyer than the rest. 
Hands and feet brown above, the metapodials well haired, the digits less so, bnt 
the latter not cons])icnonsly scaly above ; claws whitish, that of the halln.x alone 
dark brown. Tail long, its basal four inches thickly furry like the body, the 
remainder practically naked; scales small (about 7 to the cm.), transversely oval, not 
pointed behind, their posterior edge turned npwards, two or three minnte hairs, 
about a scale in length, growing from behind each of them. (In Hi/omijs the scales 
are larger — 4 to the cm. — and pointed posteriorly, the points projecting prominently 
outwards.) In colonr the tail is black proximally, and rather lighter terminally, 
but not sharply bicolor as in Ht/onvjs. 

Sknll, as compared with that of M. rothscldldi, considerably larger, and with 
very much broader muzzle and nasals. Anterior part of supraorbital edges even 
more inflated than in rothschildi, and the upper part of the ascending process of 
the maxillary — external to the exceedingly slender premaxillary frontal processes 
— also inflated. Cranial ridges well developed throughout. Palatal foramina 
more open. 

Teeth essentially as in J/, rothschildi, but there is a median re-entrant angnlar 
notch on the hinder side of the middle back cusp of m' and m-' ; the small antero- 
external cusp of m', found in M. rothschildi, is here absent. 

Dimensions of the type, measured in skin : Head and body, 470 mm. ; tail (c), 
400; hindfoot, s.u. 68, c.u. "iCr.y; ear, 2(). Skull, occipito-nasal length, 77; 
condylo-incisive length, ".iy'l; zygomatic breadth, 41; nasals, 2f)'5xl3; least 
interorbital breadth, 11'7; breadth across braincase above meatus, 24; palatilar 
length, 3S-3 ; diastema, 22'2 ; palatal foramina, l(i-2 x 7; upper molar series, 18. 

Hub. : Rawliiison Mts., S.E. (iernian New (Jninea. 

Tt/pc : Adult male, B. M. No. 12. 1. 31. 1. Collected by C. Keyser. Presented 
by the Hon. Walter Rothschild. 

This huge rat, so far as its skull is concerned, is the largest member of tlie 
subfamily Muri/iae, though Mas armandcillei Jent. has a longer foot ; and of the 
whole family Muridae it is only exceeded in size by the Philippine Phloconvjs. It 
is readily distinguishable from its congener JA rothschildi by the characters given 
above. 

Externally it is curiously similar to llijomijs nieeki, also from New Guinea, but 
Ilijomys has scaly digits, and the scales of the tail are of somewhat different shape. 
The dentitions of the two genera are of course widely different. 



(93) 



NOTES ON THE STRUCTURE OF THE SEXUALLY MODIFIED 
SEGMENTS OF THE CI3IICIDAE { = CLINOCORinAE), 
WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO CLINOCOBIS COLUM- 
BABIUS (JENYNS). 

By the HON. N. CHARLES ROTHSCHILD, M.A., F.L.S. 

(Text-figs. 1-9.) 

SINCE the paper by Landois in LS68,* dealing with the anatomy of the abdomen 
of the common Bed-bug {Clinocoris lectitlarii/s), in which the sexually modified 
segments are insufficiently treated of or incorrectly described, no treatise bearing 
on the subject of these present notes would appear to have been published. The 
investigations of the present author on the Cimici(hii> (= CUnocnridae) seem to show 
tiiat the general type of structure of the sexually modified segments is common to 
tlie various species and identical in some of them, and the characteristics of these 



Fig. 1. 



Fig. 2. 



Fio. .S. 



Fig. 4. 



segments do not therefore, as in the Siphouapfera (fleas), always aftbrd a delicate 
test for the differentiation of closely allied species. In the following notes the insect 
principally dealt with is not the common Bed-bng {CI. lectidarius), but the Pigeon- 
bug {('I. columburius), a closely allied species, of which we have recently received 
a fine series from Mr. E. Thornhill, of l$o.\worth, C'arabs. Incidental references are 
made to other species, where jjoints worthy of mention have been noticed. 

lu both sexes of bugs the eighth segment is sexually modified, and in the male 
both sclerites are aft'ected, each being more or less unsymmetrical ; while in the 
female (and in the female only) the sevrnth segment is also modified, the sternite 
being affected, while the tergite like the eighth appears to be normal. 

All the segments of these insects are partially covered with hairs. As certain 
of these hairs are characteristic of the Cimicidae, a short descrij)tion of the four 
types of them which are found is introduced here. These types, however, inter- 

* Zntsehr.f. Wissensch. ZuoUgie, vol. xi.t. pp. 207-29. pis. IS and 19 (18G8). 



(94) 

grade and vary very mnch in length. The first type of hair is a simple bristle, 
as in other insects— a hair gradnally tapering in diameter and pointed at the 
end (text-fig. ] ). Snch normal hairs are present on the central portions of the 
abdominal steriiites and the inner side of the tibiae. The second type of hair tapers 
in diameter from the base to the apex, but the ape.x is trnneate and terminates in 
several points or teeth (text-fig. 2). These tapering trnneate hairs are characteristic 
of the basal abdominal tergites, where they are longer in the luale than in the 
female ; bnt they also occur in other situations. The third type is cylindrical, 
thicker than the second, and bears distinct ridges ; the apex is truncate and 
fnnn el-shaped, with prominent teeth (text-fig. 3). This cylindrical tyi)e of hair is 
prevalent on the edges of the prothorax, and on all the other oxplanate portions 
of these iusects, but is also found elsewhere. The fonrth tyi>e of hair is curved, 
with the convex side dentate, and has a widened and truncate apex (text-fig. 4). 



KiG. 5. 



Fig. G. 




FlQ. 7. 



Fig. 8. 



Figs, 5 and 6. — Clinocoris cotumbariun ^, 
„ 7 „ 8. — ,. foeditfi ^. 

This type of hair occurs chiefly at the sides of the body, where it is associated with 
type 3. 

The eighth segment of the male consists of two unsymmetrical chitinised 
plates, which are closely applied to one another and fused basally at their lateral 
edges. Between these the penis reposes when at rest. 

The dorsal plate is both larger and less unsymmetrical than the sternite. The 
shape of this sclerite is best seen from the figure (text-figs. 5 and 7), the basal portion 
being covered by the seventh tergite in the natural state ; the apex of the seventh 
tergite is scooped out on the left side, where the tip of the penis is held at rest. 
On the apical portion there are a number of long hairs of the types 3 and 4 
described above. The eighth sternite is most remarkable for its complete want of 
symmetry. It is triangular in shape, and in a dorsal view entirely covered by the 
tergite except at the base on the extreme left. The sliajie and structure of this 



(95 ) 

sclerite can be best studied when viewed from below {i.e. when tlie insect is lying 
on its back), and the drawing represents its appearance from this position (text- 
figs. and ^). The apical edge of the eighth sternite is turned inwards, the reflexed 
portion being undulate and incrassate. The effect of this modification is to provide 
a groove between the two sclerites of the eighth segment in which the penis is 
situated when at rest, the groove in question being transversely ribbed and wrinkled. 
In Cacodiiiiis n'!lo.sitx Stal. this groove is continued to segment 5, owing to the 
great length of the penis. The eighth sternite bears numerous bristles of type 1. 
On the inner surface (i.e. the turned-in edge), as well as on the outer surface, 
there are a large number of thin bristles of this type ; they are more numerous 
on the right (when viewed from below) than on the left side, and are sparsest at 
the ])oint where the outline of the penis is visible through the sclerite. 

The outline of both the sclerites of the eighth segment varies somewhat both 
in CI. columbarius (text-figs. 5 and 6) and Cl.foedits Stal. (text-figs. 7 and 8). 
It will be noticed, however, from the figures, that the left side of the eighth 




Clinororis cohimharitis ^ , 

tergite is more angnlate in coliimhariuH than mfoediis, and that the penis oi foerhi.^ 
is very distinctly recurved at the apex, which is not the case in cobimhariiig. 

The apex of the seventh sternite iu tiie male is more concave than that of 
the preceding sternites, to allow a freer movement of the sexually modified eighth 
sternite, which it but sliglitly overlaps. 

In the female, as already mentioned, sexual modification has extended to the 
seventh as well as to the eighth sternite, though the seventh and eighth tergites 
are apparently normal. The structure of the seventh sternite is very remarkable, 
and ajiparently similar in all the Cimicidae (= Clinocoridae). When viewed from 
below, in a normal condition, it is shaped like the roof of a house. It consists of 
six pieces (text-fig. '.)). 

The two lateral sclerites bear the stigmata ; they are triangular in shape {i.e. 
narrowed ajiically). These two sclerites are well chitinised except at tiieir edges, 
which are transparent, and are united with the tergite. The bristles on these 
portions are of types 2, 3, and 4. 



(96) 

Thr next two sclerites, which we {iropose to cull the iidraedian, are roniuled at 
the apex, which is membranons, though elsewhere the}- are chitinised, and their 
lateral margins bear on their surface an elongate incrassation. The two admedian 
plates are much nearer together at their base than distally, their inner margins 
being distinctly divergent. In the gap tlins formed are another pair of sclerites 
whose inner margins are straight, while the outer margins are nearly evenly 
curved. These median flaps (MF.) project from the dorsal side (i.e. inner surface) 
of the admedian plates, to which they are joined proximally where the dotted 
outline is double in the figure. In an unmounted example these two plates 
appear like a dark elliptical ring showing through the chitin of tlie admedian 
plates of the seventh sternite. 

The admedian sclerites are placed towards one another in roof shape, the 
segment being centrally convex. The median flaps are densely covered with hairs 
of type 1, the liairs im the admedian jdates also belonging to this type. The sides 
which the two median flaps turn towards each other are not sharp edges, as would 
appear to be the case when viewed from beneath. The two edges are, in fact, 
turned dorsad, so that two narrow longitudinal surfaces are formed, which constitute 
the right and left walls of the channel situated between the two median flaps. In 
this channel the genital opening is situated. 

The division into six sclerites is repeated to some extent in the eighth sternite. 
The homology of these will be most apparent if the central portions be discussed 
first and the more peripheral portions later. Above the admedian sclerites of the 
seventh sternite, and showing through them in a ventral view, are two strongly 
chitinised rods which appear to terminate distally as such, but in reality each is 
continued by the inner edge of a small membraneous lobe C (text-fig. 9). These 
lobes are connected with the eighth sternite and correspond to the median flaps of 
the seventh sternite, there being a pair of them, as is also the case with that 
sternite. These lobes of the eighth sternite do not bear bristles. On each side of 
the median gap are two square lobes covered with many bristles of the first type. 
These lobes correspond to the admedian plates of the seventh sternite ; each is, 
however, completely fused, both proximally and laterally, with the adjoining lateral 
sclerite of the eighth sternite, which adjoins and is fused with the eightli 
tergite. The figure here reproduced is taken from a dissection, and consequently 
the segments are much flattened out, with the result that the central gap in the 
seventh and eighth sternites is larger than in a state of nature. 

The ninth segment in both sexes is a single chitinised ring bearing hairs of 
the third type. The tenth segment consists of two feebly chitinised plates between 
which the anus opens, each plate bearing a row of very minute hairs. 



(97 ) 



NEUE APIONEN DES NORD- UND SUDAMERIKANISCHEN 

FAUNENGEBIETES. 

Beschrieben von HANS WAGNER, Daiilem-Berlin. 

AUiS den, au Apioiien schier niicrschOpflich reichen (Jelneteu NorJ- uiid iiameiit- 
lich Siid-Amerikas, liegt luir wieder eiae Anzahl iiener Arten vor, von 
welchen eiu grosser Teil von Herrn Germaiu in Bolivien, viele vnn Herrn K. Fiebrig 
ill dcr Paraguay, die beiden neueii Species ans Californien uiid Arizona von Herrn 
AV. Nnnenmacher gesammelt warden ; wenige Exemplare, die ich s. Zt. vou der 
Firma Dr. 0. IStaudinger und A. Bang-Haas erwarb, wurden von mir unbekanntcr 
Scite im Gebiete des Amazonas, Fonteboa, erbeutet ; es ist bemerkenswert, dass 
einige Arten von letzterer Provenienz mit denjeiiigea ans Bolivien identisch sind, 
wie ebenso das Vorkommeu einiger Arten, die bisher nnr ans den Gebieten 
Centralamerikas nacbgewiesen waren, iu Bolivien (von Germain gesammelt), von 
Interesse ist, da die meisten Species des central- und siidamerikanisehen Fanuenge- 
bietes im Allgemeinen docb relativ eng umgrenzte Territorien zn bevcobnen scheinen 
Von den paraguayanischen Arten wurden einige von Herrn Kaymoser (in Modling 
bei Wien) aucb in Argentinien gesammelt und die Belege befinden sicb im k.k. 
natnrbistorischen Hof-Musenm in Wien. Sofern niclit anders augegeben, befinden 
sich die Typen der nachsteliend bescbrielienen nenen Arten ini Material des 
Deutschen Entomologisuben Museums zu Dablem-Berlin. 

1. Neub Akten. 
1. Apion niinenmachcri. I lit. Ajjioii ci/anoptfram 



liaplopus. 

3. „ {Bothnjopteron)foveipeiine. 

4. „ {Stenapion) germaini. 

5. „ ( » ) stetiothnrhan. 

6. ;, ( !! ) otiiloci'pkaloides. 

7. ,, (^Coelopterapion)Jiehn(fi. 

8. „ ( Trklutpiori) lonykoriie. 

9. „ ancistrotarse. 



11. „ ockroptenim. 

\'i. „ (Tric/iapion) acanlkopus. 

1 3. „ hrachjrhynehum. 

14. ,, callanyunum. 

15. „ (leiititarse. 
10. ,, brachjpHS. 
IT. ,, tomentiferum. 

is. „ {Stenapion) yatahi/anum. 



1. Apion uunenmachei'i uov. spec. (Text-fig. 1, a). 

Eine durch die ziemlich dichte, lange, sehr feine, schrag abstehende Behaarung 
sehr ausgezeichnete Art des nord-amerikanischen Fannengebietes ; habitnell an ein 
HeterapioH crinnernd. 

Korper jjecbschwarz, die Beine mit Ausnahme der pechschwarzen Tarsen 
rOtlicbpecbbraun ; ziemlich stark glanzend. Der Kopf und Riissel sind knrz 
behaart, das Halsscbild ist mit langeren, nach vorne gerichteten, die Fliigeldecken 
sind mit langen, sehr feinen, scbriig nach hinten abstehenden, goldglilnzenden 
Harchen ziemlich dicbt besetzt. 

Kopf mit deu relatif kleinen, grob facettierten, schwach gewolbten and kanm 
vortretenden Augen etwa if-mal so breit als lang, nach vorne schwach verengt, die 



(08 ) 

Stirne so breit als der Riissel an ilcr Fiihleriiisertioii, wie der iibrige Kopf grob, 
dicht iind tiet' jmaktiert, die Zwischenriiarae etwiis hingsrunzelig. 

Der Riissel ist etwas liiiiger als der Halsschild, ziemlich kriiftig gebaiit, iiahezu 
cylindrisch, niir an der Fiihlerinsertion scliwach angeschwoUen, leicht gebogen ; im 
Basalteil grob, dicht nnd etwas rnnzelig pnnktiert, nach vorne allmiihlig feincr iind 
weniger diclit puuktiert ; die Hiirchen stehen im Basalteil ziemlich dicht nnd siiid 
gekriinselt, im Aiiicalteil sind sic sehr knrz nnd stehen viel sjuirlicher. 

Fiihler kriiftig, etwas vor der Mitte des Rilssels eingelenkt ; 8chaft U-mal 
so lang als das 1. Geisselglied, dieses etwas liinger als breit, merklieh stiirker als 
die folgenden Glieder, diese gegen das Ende bin nur weuig an Litnge abnehmend, 
das '2. Glied nuch merklieh liinger als breit, das 7. rnndlich. Die grosse, breit- 
spindellormige Keule deiitlich abgesetzt. Die ganze Geissel ist mit gekriiiiselten 
Wimperhiirchen besetzt. 

Halsschild so lang als breit, am gerade abgestutzten Hinterrande nnr wenig 




Fig. 1. — Apion nmieiimacherl (,^?). 

„ 2.— „ 

„ 3. — „ gerviaini ^, 

„ 4. — „ yatahyannm ^. 

„ 5.- „ „ ?. 



breiter als am Vorderrande, die Ilinterecken in ihrer Anlage sehr schwach 
stnrapfwinkelig, die Seiten von dieseu nach vorne sehr sanft gernndet erweitert 
etvva in der Mitte am breitesten, von da nacii vorne schwach nnd sehr sant't 
ausgeschweift verengt ; grob und tief punktierf, die Punkte an den Seiten dicht, 
ihre Zwischenriiume schmiiler als die Punkte, etwas gerunzelt, auf der Scheihe sind 
die ZwischenrJiume fast so breit als die Punkte, ebcn und sehr fein chagriuiert; vor 
dem Schildchen befindet sich ein scharfes Griibchen, vor welchem bis nahe zum 
Vorderrand ein schmales Streifchen unpunktiert bleibt. 

Fliigeldecken lauglich-oval, zwischcu den dentlich entwickelten Schulterbenlen 
reichlich breiter als die Halsschildbasis, von da nach hintcn sebr schwach und 
gleichmiissig gernndet erweitert, in der Mitte am breitesten, von da nach hinten 
wieder gleichmiissig zngerundet ; am Riicken fiach, nach hinten wcnig steil 
abfallend ; fein nnd sehr undeutlich pnnktiert-gestreift, die Streifen nach hinten 
fast erloschend, die Spatien breit und sehr schwach gcwOlbt, in der Alitte mit einer 
Reihe ziemlich starker Piiuktchen besetzt, im Grnnde fast glatt. ISchildchen klein, 



( 99 ) 

rnndlich, nngefurcht. Die Seiten der Brnst mid die zwci ersten Abdominalsegmente 
ziemlich spiirlich mit finiberen Piinkten Iinsefzt, das letzte Segment zietnlich stark 
nnd diclit pnnktiert, mit eiuem gelbliclabranneQ, dichten, nacli anssen gerichtetea 
Haarbilschelchen. 

Beiiie ziemlich knrz nnd jilnmp, die Tibien mit feinen, bninnlichen Hiirchen 
besetzt ; 1. und 2. Tarsenglied fast gleich lang, das 2. etwas breiter als lang, das 
3. ziemlich scbmal gelappt, die Lappen breit gespreizt ; das Klaueuglied doppelt 
so lang als das 2. Glied, die Klanen iingeziihnt. 

Long. (s.T.) : 2,6 mm. 

Das eine mir vorgelegene Exemplar, welches von Herrn F. W. Nnnenmacher 
in Californien : Del Norte, erbentet wnrde, halte ich fiir ein Mauuchen. Dieae 
ansgezeichnete Species sei ihrem Entdecker freundlichst dediciert. 

2. Apion haplopus nov. spec. (Text-fig. 16, 17). 

Der gezahnten Klaaen nnd unbewehrten Tibien wegen, in Falls 4. Grnppe 
der nordamerikanischen Apionen gehorig ; der Tabelle dieser Grnppe folgend, 
kommt man mit vorliegender Art zn Ap. rentricosiun Lee, da sie wie dieses 
im mjinnlichen Geschiecht keiuerlei Sexualauszeichnungen anfweist, die Stirne 
schmiller als die Riisselspitze ist, etc. ; von ventricosiim Lee. jeJoch dnrch die 
geringere KOrpergrosse, den Mangel eines Metallglanzes anf den Fliigeldecken, vor 
allem aber darch den kiirzeren und kriiftigeren Riissel und die eben solchen Fiihler, 
die kiirzeren Fliigeldecken, etc. verscbieden. 

KOrper pechschwarz, die Fliigeldecken mit einem rOtlichen Schimmer, nahezn 
matt ; mit feinen, weisslichen Hiirchen sparsam bekleidet. 

Kopf mit den flachgewOlbten, nicht vortretenden Angen merklich breiter als 
lang, die flache Stirne schmiiler als die Riisselspitze, von zwei ziemlich flachen, wie 
der iibrige Kopf ziemlich undentlich pnnktierten Furchen dnrchzogen, im Grande 
fein runzelig chagriniert. 

Riissel beim c? so lang als der Halsschild nnd Kopf bis zum hinteren Angen- 
rand gemessen znsammen, beim ? sehr wenig liinger, auch nnr nm geringes dtinner ; 
relativ krjiftig gebant, wenig gebogen, fast cylindrisch, nnr an der Fiihlerinsertion 
fast unmerklich erweitert ; bis nahe zur Spitze mit miissig feinen Pnnkten dicht 
besetzt, dazwischen beim S bis nahe zur Spitze, beim ? in den beiden basalen 
Dritteln im Grande fein runzelig chagriniert, matt, beim ? die Spitze etwas 
gliinzend. 

Fiihler nahe der Basis, nicht ganz um den halbcn Qnerdurclimesser der Angen 
vor diesen eingelenkt, zieml. knrz nnd kraftig; Schaft nur wenig liinger als das 
erste Geisselglied, dieses kanm doppelt so lang als breit, stiirker als die folgenden 
Glieder, diese eng aneinand geftigt, das 2. Glied wenig liinger als breit, die iibrigen 
etwas kiirzer werdeud, das letzte scliwauh c(uer ; die eiformige Keule deatlich 
abgesetzt. 

Halsschild etwas breiter als lang, von den fast rechtwiukeligen Hinterecken 
uach vorne iiusserst schwach ansgeschweift und sehr wenig verengt, seitlich 
gesehen fast geradc ; mit relativ groben, doch flaciien Pnnkten dicht besetzt, die 
Zwischenninme sc.limiiler als die Pnnkto, wie diese im Gruude sehr fein chagriniert ; 
vor den Schildcheu mit einem kurzeu, undeutlichen BasalgrLil)chen. 

Fliigeldecken ziemlich knrz oval, zwischen den dentlich eutwickelten Schnlter- 
beuleu reichlich breiter als die Halsschildbasis, an den Seiten leicht geruudet 



( If^o ) 

erweitert, etwas liinter der Mitte am breitesten, gegen ilen Apex stniiipf ziigeruQilet ; 
miissig stark gewiillit. ; stark puuktiert-gestreift, die ebeneii oder leicht gewolbten 
Zwischeuraame etwas breiter als die Punktstreifen, fein riinzclig chagriniert, 
dazwischen mit cinzelnen, feinen Ptinktcheii besetzt. 

Scbildcben liinglicb nnd deutlich gefnrcbt, iin iibrigen gleichfalls tVin niiizelig 
chagriniert. 

Die Seiteii der Brnst nnd das Abdomen zieiulich stark niul mfissig dicht 
pnnktiert. 

Beine ziemlicb knrz nnd nicbt krilftig ; das 1. Tarsenglied etwas liinger als 
das 2., dieses so laiig als breit, das Klanenglied iiberragt das '?>. Glicd urn etwas 
mehr als nm seine Hiilfte ; die Klanen fein, dentlich gezahnt. Beiiu <S sind alle 
Beine einfach. 

Long, (s.r.) : 1,4 mm. 

Ein Piircbon, von Herrn W. F. Nnnenmaober in Arizona: Benson, Coehise-Co. 
am 4. X. 06. gesammelt, lag der Bescbreibung zn Grnnde. 

3. Apion {Bothryopteron) foveipenne nov. spec. (Text-fig. 6, 7). 

Unter den bisber bekannten Arten dieses, (lurch die Fliigeldeckenbildnng sebr 
ansgezeichneten Subgenus zufolge der Filrbung sehr anflfallend. 

Korper tiefschwarz, die Fliigeldecken bliinlich, die Coxen, Trochanteren nnd 
Beine mit Ansnahme der pecbbrannen Tarsen, rotlicbgelb. 

Kopf, Halsscbild nnd Fliigeldecken mit weissen Borstenhiirchen wenig dicht, 
die Seiten der Vorder-, Mittel-, nnd Hinterbrust sehr dicht bokleidet. 

Kopf mit den grossen, ilacbgewcilbten nnd wenig vortretenden Augen nnd dem 
ziemlicb stark verliingerten Scbeitel etwas linger als breit ; Stirne kaum halb so 
breit als der Riissel an der Basis, von zwei flachen Furchen dnrcbzogen, im Grande 
glatt, zwischen dem Angenhinterrand nnd dem fein qnergerieften Scbeitel mit 
ziemlicb starken, doch flach eingestochenen Pnnkten milssig dicht besetzt. 

Riissel beim ? etwa IJ-mal so lang als Kopf nnd Halsscbild zusammen, ziemlicb 
stark gebogen, von der Basis bis zur Fiiblerinsertion nahezu cylindrisch, vor 
letzterer etwas verjiingt abgesetzt nnd bis znr Spitze wieder sehr wenig verbreitert ; 
von der Basis bis znr Fiiblerinsertion mit wenig starken, in Reihen angeordneteu 
Pnnkten besetzt, die Zwischenriiume sehr schwach kielartig erhoben, glatt nnd 
gliinzend, von der Fiiblerinsertion bis znr Spitz mit merklich feineren Piinktcben 
weniger regelmiissig besetzt, im (irnndc gleichfalls glatt nnd gliinzend. 

Fiibler ziemlicb kriiftig, nm den doppelten Liingsdurchraesser der Augen vor 
diesen eingelenkt ; Schaft so lang als die zwei ersten Geisselglieder znsaramen ; 
1. nnd 2. Glied glcich lang, das 1. nur wenig stiirker als das 2., dieses li-mal so 
lang als breit, das 3. -7. Glied an Liinge nnr wenig abnebmend, das 3. etwa 1^-mal 
so lang als breit, das 7. so lang als breit ; die lang spindelfOrmige Kenle deutlich 
gegliedert, schw.ach abgesetzt. 

Halsscbild trapezftirmig, zwischen den spitz winkeligen Hinterecken li-mal 
so breit als in der Mittellinie lang, von diesen nach vorne ziemlicb stark, fast 
geradlinig vcrengt, binter dem Vorderrande sehr schwach eingezogen, daselbst 
etwas melir als halb so breit als an der zweibuchtigen Basis ; seitlich gesehen sehr 
schwach gewOlbt ; mit ansserst feinen, die weissen Borstenhiirchen trageuden 
Piinktcben ziemlicb sparsam besetzt, die Zwischenriiume ansserordentlich fein 
chagriniert, gliinzend ; ein Basalstrichel febit, 



( 1"1 ) 

Fliigekleckeu etwa U-mal so lang als breit, zwiscben den scbr kriiftig 
entwickelten Scbnlterboulen reiclilich do]ii)t'lt so breit als der Halsschildvorderrand, 
von diesen gesjen die Mitte schwacb erweitert, etwas vor der Mitte am breitesten, 
von da nach hinten fast geradlinig verengt, am Apex flach bogenfOrmig abgestntzt ; 
seitlich geseben ziemlicb hocb gewiilbt, die WOlbungslinie etwas vor der Mitte 
am hochsten ; fein gpstreift, die Pnnkte in den Streifen nndentlicb, ein weisses 
Borstenhilrchen tragend, die breiten, flachen Zwischenriiume mit einer mehr oder 
minder regelmassigen Reihe feiner, ebenfalls weisse Borsteuhiirchen tragender 
Piinktchen besetzt, im iibrigen glatt und gliinzend. Der Fliigeldeckenapex zeigt 
die, filr dieses Siibgen. cbarakteristische Bildnng, indem sicli daselbst der 1. mit 
dem 9., der 2. mit dem 8. Fnnkrstreifeu verbiuden, und sebv tief, griibchenartig 
eingedriickt sind, wabrend der 1. nnd 3. Zwischenraiim davor stark wnlstig 
erhoben sind. Die Seiten der Brust sind dicht weiss bebaart ; das Scbildclieu ist 
ziemlicb kleiu, dreieckig, uiigefnroht. 

Beine lang nnd ziemlicb kriiftig, das erste Tarsenglied fast H-mal so lang 
als das 2., dieses morklicb liinger als breit, das Klanenglied tiberragt das 
schmalgelappte 3. Glied um seine Hiilfte, die Klauen sind ziemlicb kriiftig, 
stnmpf geziibnt. 

Long (s.r.) : 3,1 mm. 

Ein weiblicbes Exemplar, von Germain in Bolivien: Ynngas gesammelt. Im 
Material des Deutsch. Entomol. Museum. 

4. Apion {Stenapion) germaini nov. spec. (Text-fig. 3). 

Sehr ausgezeicbnet durcb den, namentlich beim S iibnlicb wei bei Apion 
pachyrhynchum Gemm. im Apicalteil verbreiterten Riissel und durcb den wei bei 
den Vertretern des Subgen. Bothryopteron gebildeten Fliigeldeckenapex. 

Korper pecbbrann, der Fliigeldeckenapex und die Nabt gegen das Ende bin 
rotlicb schimmernd, die Beine mit Ausnahme der t!oxen und Trochanteren briiun- 
lichgelb, die Klauen schwarzlich ; bisweilen sind die Vorderschenkel mehr oder 
minder angednnkelt. 

Der Riissel ist beim S liis nabe zur Spitze, beim ? in der Basalpartie fein 
bebaart, Kopf, Halsscbild und Fliigeldecken sind mit feineu, weisslicben Hiircbeu, 
welche im basalen Drittel der Fliigeldecken anf den vier ersten Spatien etwas 
grober sind und dicbter steben, spiirlicb besetzt. 

Kopf etwas breiter als lang, die Angen beim d etwas grosser, stiirker gewolbt 
nnd mehr vortretend als beim ? , die Stirne ziemlicb breit, flacb gewiilbt, mit 
einem sebr feinen Mittelkielcben und zwei ebensolcben Kielcben beiderseits am 
Innenrand der Angen, im Grande mikroskopiscb fein cbagriniert, dazwiscben mit 
einzelnen iiusserst feinen Filnktcben besetzt ; der gliiuzend glatte Scbeitel ist durcb 
eine schwacbe (^uerdepression vom Koj)fe gesondert. 

Riissel beim 6 nm geriuges kiirzer, beim ? nm weniges litnger als Kopf und 
Halsscbild zusammen, ziemlicb kriiftig gebaut, fast gerade ; c? : an der Basis am 
scbmalsten, an der Fiiblerinsertiou kaum bemerkbar verdickt, von da zur Spitze 
ziemlicb stark keulig verdickt ; bei seitlicber Ansicbt erscbeiiit der Riissel auf der 
oberen Kante gleicbfalls verdickt, auf der untereu Kaiitc gerade. ?: Riissel von 
der Basis bis zur Fiiblerinsertion iiusserst schwacb verdickt, vor dorselben scbwacli 
eingeeugt, gegen die Spitze bin merklicb schwiicber als beim t? verdickt ; bei 
seitlicber Ansicbt ist die Vcrdickung gleicbfalls schwiicber als beim S, duch 



anch anf dcr nnteren Kante dentlicli Wiilinieliinliai-. Der Riissel ist iii beideii 
Geschlechteru bis uahc zur Spitze fciii und ziemlicli dicht niid otwas rnuzelig 
punktiert. 

Fiihler zieinlich schlank, beiin c? nahezn in der Mitte, bciin ? etwas vor 
derselbeii eiiigeleukt, Geissel und Keiile siiid zieiulich dicht und lang bewimpert. 
Scbaft etwas liingev als das 1. Geissrlglied, dieses 2-mal so lang als breit, 
merklich breiter als die folgenden Glieder ; 2. Glied reichlich l|-mal so lang als 
bi-eit die folgenden Glieder alliniiliJig kilrzer werdeud, das 3. noch merklich 
l:in<Ter als breit, das 7. rundlich ; Keule sijindelfOrmig, lose gegliedert, dentlich 
abgesetzt. 

Halsschild etwas langer als breit, fast cj'lindrisch, am Vorderrande und an der 
Basis n-leich breit, vor der Basis nud hinter dem Vorderrande schwach einge^ogen ; 
sehr fein und spiirlich punktuliert, im Grunde mikroskopisch fein chagriniert, am 
Basalrand mit eiuer Roihe etwas grOberer Plinktchen besetzt, vor dem Schildchen 
mit einem mehr oder minder deutlichen, fiachen Griibchen. 

Fliiceldecken zwischen den wohl entwickelten Schnlterbeuleu reichlich breiter 
als die Halsschildbasis, von diesen gegen die Mitte bin ziemlich stark erweitert. 
in der Mitte am breitesten, von da gegen den Apex wieder ziemlich stark verengt, 
daselbst etwas schmiiler als zwischen den Schulterbenlen, fast gerade abgestutzt ; 
seitlich gesehen ziemlich stark gewOlbt, die WOlbungslinie gleichmassig, in der 
Mitte am hochsten ; ziemlich stark punktiert-gestreift, die Zwischenninme etwas 
breiter als die Puuktstreifen, schwach concav, mit einer Reihe sehr flacher, fast 
griibchenformiger Pankte besetzt. Der erste und zweite Punktstreifen sind an der 
Spitze stark eingedriickt, der zweite verbindet sich daselbst mit einer kurzen, 
tiefen Grnbe, die am Ende des 8. Zwischenranmes sich befindet ; das Spatinm 
zwischen dem 1. und 2. Punktstreifen ist etwas benlig anfgetriebcn. Schildchen 
klein, ungefnrcht. 

Beine ziemlich lang und schlank ; das 1. Tarsenglied etwas schmiiler als das 
2., doppelt so lang als breit, das 2. so lang ais breit, das 3. schmal gelappt, das 
Klauenglied iiberragt das 3. weniger als um seine Hillfte ; die Klauen ziemlich 
scharf, schwach geziihnt. 

Long, (s.r.) : 2,5-2,7 mm. 

Von dieser ansgezeichneten Art lagen mir 1 6 und 3 ? ¥, von welchen mir 
ein ? freuudlichst iiberlassen wurde, von Herrn Germain in Bolivieu: Yungas, 
gesammelt, znr Beschreibung vor. 

5. Apion {Stenapion) stenotherium nov. spec. (Text-lig. 11). 

Gleichfalls eine sehr ansgezeichnete Art aus diesem Subgenus, in die Verwandt- 
schaft des Ap. constricticoUe Sharp gehorig, aber doppelt so lang bei nur 1 i-mal 
so breiten Fliigeldecken ; durch die Sculptur der letzteren, den anderen Riisselban, 
etc., sehr verschieden. 

Kcirper ticfschwarz, ziemlich glanzend, mit ziemlich knrzen, weissen Hiirchen 
auf dem Kopf, Riissel, Halsschild, den Fliigeldecken, Beinen und am Abdomen 
ziemlich spiirlich, an den Seiten der Mittel- und Hinterbrnst dicht bekleidet. 

Kopf mit sehr grossen, gewolbten und ziemlich stark vorspringenden Augen, 
etwas wnlstig verdicktem und dnrch eine ziemlich starke Qnerdepression 
abgesondertem Scheitel, mit leicht hiugsgewolbter Stirne, die etwa halb so breit als 
der Riissel, voq drei mehr oder minder deutlichen Furciien durchzogen, im Grunde 



( 103) 

mikroskopiscli fein cbagriiiiert unci dazwischen wie der iibrige Kopf — mit Ansnahme 
des feiu qnergerieften ScheiLels — mit feiuen Piinktcheu spitrlich besetzt ist. 

IJiissel beiiu c? etwas liinger als der Halsschild, beim ? so lang als Kopf imd 
Hiilsscliild znsamiuen, etwas dilnner als lieim c?, in beiden Gescblechtern fast 
gei'adi', niir gegeu die Spitze bin etwas nach abwarts gebogen, cyliiidriscb, nnr an 
der Fiihlerinsertion sehr scbwaeh (beim ? etwas deutlicher als beim 6) erweitert, 
davor sehr leiclit eingeeugt, an der S[)itze fast gerade abgestutzt ; beim c? bis nahe 
ziir iSpitze, beim ? in den beiden basalen Drittelu ziemlich stark liingsrunzelig 
puuktiert, im Grunde fein rnnzelig chagriniert, matt, gegen die Spitze bin feiner 
punktiert, im Grunde glatter, gliinzend. 

Fiibler ziemlich lang und fein, beim cj etwas vor der Mitte, beim ¥ im basalen 
Drittel des Rixssels eingelenkt, fein bewimpert. Sohaft rotlichpechbraun, etwa 
1^-mal so lang als das 1. Geisselglied, dieses etwas kiirzer als die zwei folgenden 
Glieder zusammeu, aber am Ende viel kriiftiger, das 2.-5. Glied fast gleich lang. 




Fig. 6. — Apion foveipenne ^ . 
„ 7.— „ 

„ 8. — „ longieonie $ . 
„ 9.— .. 



Fig. 10. — Ajnon cyannptcrum } , 
„ 11. — „ gteiiothrrium J . 
„ 12. — „ otidocephalnides ^. 
„ 13.— „ 



etwa lA-mal so lang als breit, das 0. und 7. etwas kiirzer nnd starker, doch deutlich 
langer als breit ; die Keule lang-eiformig, deutlich abgesetzt. 

Halsschild etwa l^-mal so lang als breit, am Vorderrand nnd an der Basis 
ziemlich gleich breit, Iiinter ersterem etwas stiirker als vor letzterer eiugezogen, die 
Einschniiruugen kritftig, die Seiten dazwischen ziemlich stark gerundet, in der 
Mitte am breitesten, daselbst die Breite des Vorderrandes etwas iiberrageud ; 
seitlich gesehen leicht gewijlbt, hinter dem Vorderrand nnd vor der Basis schwach 
eingedriickt ; auf der Scheibe mit sehr flachen nnd feiuen Fiiuktchen spiirlich 
besetzt, fast uupunktiert erscheiueud, vor der Basis etwas dichter und starker 
punktiert, im Grunde mikroskopisch fein chagriniert, etwas fettig gliinzend, ohue 
Basalgriibchen. 

Fliigeldeckeu langgestreckt und schmal, zwischen den sehr kritftigen Schulter- 
benlen reichlich breiter als die Halsschildbasis, von diesen nach hinten — sehr sanft 



( 104 ) 

ansgeschweift — rniissig stark erweitert, etwa in der Mitte am breitesten, von da 
iiach liiiiteii sehr s:inft gernudet verengt, am ziemlich stark abgestnmpften Apex 
etwas sf.hmiiler als zwiseheu deu Schulterbeuleu, vor der Spitze deiitlich seitlich ein- 
gedriiekt, der Nahtwinkel einspringend ; nicht stark, niidentlich pnnktiert-gestreift, 
die leicbt gewolbteii Spatiea gut zweimal so breit als die Panktstreifeu, mit 
eiuer Reibe feiner, die Hiirchen tragetider Piinktchen besetzt ; der 7. Zwiscbeuraum 
ist am Apex stark griibcbenartig eingedriickt, der 2. Zwiscbenraum wulstig erbobt ; 
das Sehildchen ist sebr kleiu, nugefurcbt, von eincr scbarfen, dreieckigen Fnrcbe 
nraschlosseu. Die Mittelbrust ist au den Seiten fein und dicht pnnktiert, in der 
Mitte glatt, ebeuso die Hinterbrnst, das Abdomen ist fein ranzelig cbagriniert, 
dazwiscbeu fein ]Huiktiert. 

Beiue selir lang und schlank ; 1. Tarsenglied etwa 3-mal so lang als breit, 
schmiiler als das 2., dieses reicblicb liliiger als breit, die Lappen des 3. Gliedes kurz 
und Bcbmal, kaum balb so Jang als das 2., das Klaueuglied iiberragt das A. urn 
dessen Liinge, die Klauen sind ziemlicb knrz, scbarf geziibnt. 

Long, (s.r.): 3—3,2 mm. 

Diese interessante Species lag mir in drei Exemplaren zur Bescbreibung vor ; 
ein Mannchen ans Bolivien : Ynngas (Germain) im Material des D.E.M., ein 
AVeibcben aus Peru : Vilcanota, in meiuer Collection, und ein 2. Weibchen aus 
Marcapata, im Material meiaes verehrten Collegeu, Herru Begnin-Billecocq. 

6. Apion {Stenapion) otidocephaloides uov. spec. (Test-fig. 12, 13). 

Habituell einem kleinen Otidocepbalns iihnlich ; sebr ausgezeicbnet durcb die 
feine, abstebeude, weisslicbe Bebaarung. 

KOrper tiefscbwarz, mit ziemlicb starkem Glasglanz, die Scbieneu und Tarsen 
pechschwarz ; der ganze Korper mit sebr feinen, doch ziemlicb laugen, abstehenden, 
weisslicben Hilrcben weuig dicbt besetzt. 

Kopf mit sebr grossen, stark gewOlbten und stark vortretenden, sebr grob 
facettierten Augen, mit diesen reicblicb breiter als lang, binter denselben durcb 
eiue scbwacbe Querdepressioa vom feiu quergerieften >Scbeitel getreuut. Die 
Stirne balb so breit als der Riissel an der Spitze, ziemlicb stark liingsgewolbt, sebr 
fein niul ziemlicb spiirlicb punktuliert, die Pnnkte tragen feine, nacb vorne 
gericbtete Hiircben. 

RUssel um weniges liinger als der Kopf, fast cylindrisch, an der Fiiblerinser- 
tion kaum bemerkbar verdickt, vor derselben sebr scbwach docb deutlicb eiugeengt, 
am Riicken vor der Basis nabezu glatt, nur an den Seiten, wie zwiscben der 
Filblerinscrtion und der Spitze, mit feinen Pi'uiktcben miissig dicbt besetzt; seitlicb 
gesehen ist der Riissel bis auf die etwas nacb abwilrts gericbtete Spitze fast geradc, 
nnterseits knrz vor der vSpitze befindet sicb eiu kleines, nacli vorne gerichtetes 
Haarbiischelchcn. 

Fiililer um etwas weniger als um den Qnerdnrchmesser der Augen vor diesen 
eingelenkt, ziemlicb lang und kriiftig, das letzte Geisselglied und das erste 
Keulcuglied von ungewobnlicbem Ban; Scbaft doppelt so lang als das 1. Geissel- 
glied, dieses etwa IJ-mal so lang als breit, etwas breiter als die folgenden Glieder; 
das 2.-5. Glied ziemlicb gleicb lang, aber allmiililig etwas stiirker werdend, das 
2. nocb deutlicb liinger als breit, das 0. etwas stiirker als das 5., rnudlicb, das 
7. fast doppelt so gross als das 6., gleicbfalis rundlicb; das 1. Keulenglied vom 
2. scbarf gesondert, etwas liinger als breit, das 2. und 3. Keulenglied znsammen 



( 105 ) 

machen den Eindrnck eiiier kurz-eiformigeii Kenle. Die ganze Geissel luid Keule 
sind fein gellilich bewimpert. 

Halsschild etwa IJ-mal so lang als breit, an der Basis und am Vorderrand fast 
gleioh breit (am Vorderrand um ganz geringes breiter als an der Basis), vor den 
in ilirer Anlage rechtwiiikeligen Hinterecken sehr scliwach eingeeiigt, dauu gegen 
die Mitte sauft gerundet erweitert, in der Mitte am breitesten, zwischen dieser nnd 
dem Vorderrand ziemlich kriiftig eingescbniirt ; auf der Scheibe sehr fein und sehr 
sparsam pnnktuliert, vor der schwacli zweibuchtigen Basis etwas grober, merklich 
dichter und etwas rauher punktiert, mit eiuem flacben, nndeutlichen Basalgrubcben. 

Fliigeldecken lang und sehmal, zwischen den kriiftig entwickelton Schulter- 
beulen nm die Hiilfte breiter als die Halsschildbasis, von hier gegen die Mitte 
schwach erweitert, daselbst am breitesten, von da nach hiuten schwach verengt, der 
Apex etwas abgestamjift, die Naht einspringend ; seitlich gesehen miissig gewolbt ; 
sehr fein, nahezu nupuidctiert gestreift, die vollkommen ebenen Zwischenhiume 
sehr breit, mit einer Reihe, die feinen, abstehenden Hiirchen tragenden Pilnktchen 
besetzt, ira Grunde glatt und gliinzend. Schildcheu ziemlich klein, rundlich, 
nngefurcht. 

Die Mittel- und Hinterbrnst und das Abdomen fein und wenig dicht pnuktiert, 
die Punkte ebenfalls feine, etwas abstehende Hiirchen tragend, der Grand glatt. 

Beiue miissig lang und ziemlich kriiftig, die Schienen etwas dichter als die 
Schenkel und namentlich gegen die Spitze hin mehr ockergelb behaart ; 1. Tarsen- 
glied schmiiler als das 2., doppelt so lang als breit, das 2. trapezoid, kaum liinger 
als breit, die Lappen des 3. Gliedes ziemlich sehmal, das Klauenglied nicht ganz 
doppelt so lang als das 3., die Klauen ziemlich kriiftig, stumpf geziihut. 

Long, (s.r.) : 2,7 mm. 

Von dieser ansserordentlich markanten Art lag mir nar ein Exemplar, an 
welchem sich das Geschlecht schwer bestimmen liisst, von Germain in Bolivian : 
Ynngas, gesammelt, zur Beschreibung vor. 

7. Apion {Coelopterapion) fiebrigi nov. spec. (Text-fig. 14, 14a, 15). 

In der Form zwischen Apion Jri/i nnd cionoides m. die Mitte halteud, von 
beiden Arteii namentlich dnrch den ganz anders gebauten Riissel leicht zu 
trennen. 

Kiirper pechbraiui, matt, die Fiihler an der Wurzel und die ganzen Beine mit 
Ansnahme der schwiirzlichen Klanen nnd angednnkelten Spitzen der Tibien nnd 
Tarseu, riitlichgelbbraan, die Fliigeldecken bisweilen mit eiuem helleren, rotlich 
braunen Schimmer, der ganze Korper mit ziemlich knrzen, weisslichen Borsten- 
hiirchen bei reinen Exemplaren miissig dicht besetzt. 

Russel beim S etwa um die Koiifliinge liinger als Kopf und Halsschild zusam- 
men, beim ? l^-mal so lang als Kopf und Halsschild zusammen ; in beiden 
Geschleclitern sehr wenig gebogen, die Biegnng liegt an der Fiihlerinsertionsstelle ; 
von oben gesehen von der Basis zur Fiihlerinsertion sehr schwach verbreitert, 
daselbst beim i etwas deutlicher als beim ? winkelig verdickt, von da zur Spitze 
beim S stiirker als beim ? verjiingt ; seitlich gesehen von der Basis bis nahe zur 
Fiihlerinsertion leicht verengt, an dieser nach nnten leicht angeschwollen, von da 
znr Spitze beim ? etwas schwiicher als beim c? verjiingt ; bei beiden Geschlechtern 
ist der Riissel am Rlicken, namentlich iiber der Fiihlerinsertion, etwas flacbgedriickt, 
in der Mitte und an den Seiten von der Basis bis nahe zur Spitze sehr fein, doch 



( 106 ) 

dentlicli frokidt, zwisclion den Kielchen mif, in zioiulich dichten Reilien gestellten, 
an der Basis miissig starken, gcgen die Spitze bin feiner werdenden Pnnkteu 
besetzt, im Gninde mikroskopisch fein cliagriniert, schwach gliinzend; beim cJ 
tragen die Piinkte bis nahe zur Spitze, beim ? nnr diejenigen der Basalpartie 
knrze, weisse Borsteuhiirclien. 

Die Fiililer sind /.ieuiiicli kriiftig nnd uiclit lang, beim ? im basalcn Drittel, 
beim <? etwas vor der Mitte des Riissels eingeleukt ; 8chaft etwa I'-mal so lang 
als das 1. Geisselglied, dieses kaum laoger aber merklich starker als das 2., das 
2. bis 4. Glied gleich lang, doppelt so lang als breit, das 5. und 6. etwa 1^-mal 
so lang als breit, das 7. rundlich ; die Kenle breit-eifOrmig, zugespitzt, scLarf 
abgesetzt. 

Kopf verhiiltnismiissig klein, etwas breiter als laug, beim ? meist nacli vorue 




Fig. 14. — Apion ficbrigi ^, 
„ 14a.— „ 

.. 15.— ., ,. ?. 



15 

Fig. \^y.~Ajnoyi haplopus ^, 
.. 17.— „ 



etwas vereiigt, die Angen flach, nicht vortreteud, ziemlich klein ; die Stirne sehr 
schmal, mit eiuer glatten Mittelfurcbe, die beiderseits von einem mehr oder minder 
deutlieben, dem Innenrand der Angen folgenden Wi'ilstchen begreuzt wird, anf 
diesen wie der iibrige Kopf iinsserst fein nnd sparsam pnnktnliert ; der fein (jner- 
geriefte Scheitel ist durch eine schwache Qnerdepression vom Kopf getrennt. 

Der Halsschild ist an der Basis IJ-mal so breit als in der Mittellinie laug, von 
den in ihrer Anlage sj)itzwiukeligen Hinterecken an den Seiten nach vorne stark 
verengt, die 8eiten sehr schwach gernndet, hinter dem Vorderrand und vor der 
Basis kaum bemerkbar eingezogen, an ersterem fast nnr ein Drittel so breit als an 
der stark 2. buchtigen Basis ; stark und ziemlich dicht punktiert, die Zwischeu- 
riinnie etwa so gross wie die Punkte ; vor dem Schildehen mit einem scbarfeu 
Basalgriibcheu. 



( 107 ) 

Fliigeldecken in iler Form g-eiiau wie bei fni'i gebildet, noch etwas prober 
pniiktiert-gestreift, die Zwischeiirilume nicht oder nur wenig brriter als die Punkt- 
streifeii, gewolbt, sehr fein rnnzelig cliagriniert iind mit eiaer Ueihe, zieml. kurze, 
weisslicbe Hiirchen trageiider Punktcheu besetzt. Schildchen ziemlicli gross, stumpf 
dreieckig, ungefnrcht, doch in der Mitte mehr nder minder dentlich breit und flach 
eingedriickt. 

Beine massig lang uiul relativ scblank ; 1. Tarsenglied reicblich 2-mal so 
lang als breit, scbmiilei- als das 2., dieses kaum 1 i-mal so lang als breit, das 3. 
ziemlicb breit gelappt, das Klanenglied iiberragt das 3. um seine Halfte, die Klanen 
fein, sebr scbarf gezabnt. 

Die ganze Uuterseite ist ziemlicb grob und dicbt punktiert. 

Long (s.r.) : 2,4 — 2,7 mm. 

Von Herrn K. Fiebrig, dem diese ansgezeicbnete Art fretmdlichst gewidmet 
sei, in kleiner Anzabl in S. Bernardino, Paraguay, gesammelt, im Material des 
Dentscb. Ent. Museum zu Dahlem, und im k. k.uaturhist. Hof-Museum zu Wien. 

8. Apion {Trichapioti) longicorne nov. spec. (Text-fig. 8, 9). 

Habituell dem Apion hystriculum Sbarp sehr iihnlich, etwas grosser, durcU 
den breiteren, seitlicb mehr gernndetea Halsschild, den im weiblichen Geschlecht 
nocb erheblicb liiugeren uud aucb kriiftigeren Riissel, die viel liingeren Fiibler und 
Beine, durcb die viel spiirlicbere und auch feinere Bebaarnng, etc., leicbt zu 
nnterscheiden. 

Korper scbwarz, schwacb gliiuzend, mit Ausnahme der dicbt behaarten Mittel- 
nnd Hiuterbrnst mit feinen, seideugliinzenden, weisslicben Hiircben sparsam 
besetzt. 

Die Augen ziemlicb gross, massig stark gewolbt und etwas vortretend, der 
Kopf mit diesen reicblicb breiter als lang, der kurze Scheitel schwacb nieder- 
gedrilckt, die Stirne nach vbrne verschraiilert und daselbst dentlich breiter als der 
Riissel iiber der Fiihlerinsertion, leicbt kissenartig gewolbt, mit einer etwas 
nndeutlicbeu Mittelfnrche, im iibrigen mit starkeu doch flacben Puukten dicbt 
besetzt. Der untere Angenraud ist ziemlicb lang weiss bewimpert. 

Riissel fast 1^-mal so lang als Kopf und Halsschild zusammen, sehr schwacb 
gebogen, fast cylindriscb, nur an der Fiihlerinsertion sehr schwach verdickt, kahl ; 
vor der Fiihlerinsertion ilnsserst fein und spiirlich punktuliert, im iibrigen uahezu 
glatt, wenig glixnzend. Fiibler um den doppelten Qnerdurchmesser der Augen vor 
diesen eigefiigt, lang und scblank ; Schaft so lang als die drei ersten Geisselglieder 
zusammen ; 1. Geisselglied merklich liinger und etwas kriiftiger als das 2., dieses 
3-mal so lang als breit, das 3. Glied If-mal so lang als breit, das 4. und 5. etwas 
kiirzer als das 3. aber noch dentlich lituger als breit, das 6. so lang als breit, 
das 7. rnndlicb ; die lange, spindelformige Keule lose gegeliedert, dentlich 
abgesetzt. 

Halsschild an der zweibnchtigen Basis 1^-mal so breit als in der Mittellinie 
lang, vor den Hinterecken nnd hinter dem Vorderrande stark eingezogen, an den 
Seiten dazwischen miissig stark gerundet, am Vorderrande um zwei Flinftel 
schmaler als zwiscben den spitzwinkeligen Hinterecken, die Basis ziemlicb stark 
zweibuchtig ; seitlicb gosehen wenig gewolbt, hinter dem Vorderrand sehr schwacb 
nieJergedriickt ; ziemlicb grob und dicbt punktiert, die Puukte etwas llach 
eingestocben, die Zwischenriiume kaum so breit als die Punkte, sebr fein chagriuiert, 



(108) 

vor dem Schildclieii mit einein kriiftigen Basalgi'iibchen, welches sich als feine 
Mittelliiiie bis an den Vorderraud hinzieht. 

Fliigeldecken etwas gestreokt, zwischen den kritftig eutwickelten Schnlter- 
benlen reichlich breiter als die Basis des Tliorax, von diesen nach biuteu fast 
geradlinig nnd nur iiusserst schwacL verbreitert, etwas hinter der Mitte am 
brcitesten, von da nach hinten etwas stumpf zngeriuidet ; am Apex beiderseits 
leicht eingezogen ; seitlich gesehen schwach nnd gleichmiissig gewolbt ; stark 
pnnktiert-gestreift, die vollkommea ebeneu Zwischeuiiiume etwas breiter als die 
Pnnktstreifen, mit 1.-2. Ileihen feiner PiinktcheQ besetzt, im Grande mikroskopisoh 
fein, ruuzelig chagriniert. Schildcheu milssig klein, scharf gefurcht. 

Beiue — namentlicL die vorderen! — sehr lang nnd ziemlich schlauk ; an den 
Vorderbeinen ist das erste Tarsenglied merklich lilnger als au den vier hiutereu 
Beinen, l|-mal so lang als das 2., dieses so lang als breit, vorne tief dreieckig 
ansgeschnitten, das 3. Glied ziemlich breit gelappt, das Klauenglied das 3. nicht 
ganz um seine Halfte iiberragend; an deu vier Hinterbeiuen ist das 1. Tarsenglied 
nur etwa li-mal so lang als breit, das 2. und 3. Glied nur um geringes kiirzer als 
an den Vorderbeinen. Die Klauen sind an samtlichen Beinen lang, scharf gezilhnt. 

Long (s.r.) : 2,8 — 3 mm. 

Von dieser Species haben mir nnr zwei vOUig iibereinstimmende Exemplare 
weiblichen Geschlechts, das eine aus Bolivien : Yungas (Germain), das audore ans 
Brasilieu-Amazonas : Fonteboa (Staudinger) in meiner Oollektiou, zur Beschveibuug 
vorgelegen ; die Type befindet sich im Dentschen Entom. Museum zu Dahlem. 

9. Apiou ancistrotarse nov. spec. (Text-fig. 18, 19, 19a). 

Dem Apioii hreeipes m. am niichsten verwandt, nur durch folgende Punkte 
von ihm verschiedeu : der Riissel ist beim c? um weniges liinger als bei ersterem, 
in der apicalen Hillfte etwas dunkler rOtlichgelbbraun, die rfitlichgelbe Fiirbung 
geht allmiilich in das pechschwarz der Basalpartie iiber ; etwas feiner pnnktiert. 

Die Flihler sind erheblich liinger, der Schaft nnd das erste Geisselglied rotlich- 
gelb, die iibrigen Geisselglieder nnd die Keule pechschwarz. Schaft so lang als 
die zwei ersten Geisselglieder znsammon, 1. Geisselglied nnr wenig liinger, aber 
fast doppelt so breit als das 2., 2. — 7. Glied gleich lang, doch allmiilig nm geringes 
stiirker werdend, das 2. doppelt, das 7. IJ-mal so lang als breit; die Kenle 
schmitler als bei hrevipes, schwach abgesetzt. 

Der ITalsschild ist nach vorne etwas stiirker verengt, von der Basis gegen die 
Mitte stiirker gerundet, feiner als bei brccipes pnnktiert. Die Tarsen an den 
Vorderbeinen sind etwas liinger; das 1. Glied merklich liinger und etwas schmiiler 
als das 2., dieses so lang als breit. Beim Miinnehen ist das erste Glied der 
Hintertarsen an der apicalen Innenocke ziemlich lang und breit ha^kig nach 
ahwarts gezogen ; bei brevipes sind die Beiue beim (J einfach gebildct. 

Von Apiou yilvirostre m., welches im miinnlichen Geschlecht die gleichen 
Auszeichnungen wie ancistrotarse m. aufweist, unterscheidet sich letzteres durch 
die etwas kleinere, gedrnngenere Gestalt, die mehr briiunlichgelbe Fiirbung der 
Beine nnd Riisselspitze, bosonders audi durcli den nach vorne mehr verengten, 
seitlich mehr gernndeten Halsschild, deu beim S etwas liingeren Riissel, die 
dunneren Fiihler, etc., etc., sehr leicht. 

Long (s.r.) : 2,4 mm. 

Ein Miinnehen aus Bolivien : Yungas (Germain), im Dentsch. Entom. Museum. 



( 109 ) 

10. Apion cyanopterum nov. spec. (Text-fig. 10). 

In die Verwandtschaft des Apion .cantlwrhi/iichion m. gehiirig, diesem habituell 
anch sehr ilhnlich, durch die griuiblaa schimmernden Flugeldeokeii von alien 
Verwandten sofort zu treunen. 

Korper scliwarz, die Fliigeldecken griinlichblau scliimmernd, die Fiililerwnrzel 
rritlichbraiin, die Sclieukel mit Aiisiiahme der geschwilrzten Kniee iiell rostrot, die 
Schieuen an der Basis mehr oder minder ausgedelant rotliciibraun, im iibrigen 
wie die Tarsen pechbraun ; mit selir feinen, weisslichen Hiirchen sparlich bekleidet. 

Kopf etwas breiter als lang, die Augen gross, milssig gewolbt nnd vortretend, 
die Stirne etwas sclimiiler als die Riisselspitze, wie der Kopf bis zum schwach nach 
vorae vereugteu, feiu quergerieften Scheitel stark uud dicht punkticrt, die Pnnkte 
grosser als die Zwischenraume ; in der Mitte mit einem stumpfen Kielchen. 

Riissel beim ¥ so lang als Kopf nnd Halsschild znsammen, kriiftig, schwach 




Fig. IK. — Apion ancistrotarse ^, 

„ 19.— „ 
„ 19a.— „ 



Fig. 20. — Apian bracliyrhijytehnm ^. 
„ 21. — „ hrachypus ^ , 
„ 22.— „ 



gebogen, fast cylindrisch, zwisclien der Fiihlerinsertion nnd Spitze iinsserts schwach 
eingeengt ; von der Basis bis znr Spitze erheblich feiner als die Stirne, aber dicht 
nnd etwas liingsrissig pnnktiert, im Grande mikroskopisch fein chagriniert, 
schwach gliiuzend. 

Fiihler um den Liingsdarchmesser der Augen vor diesen eingefilgt, zieml. 
lang ; Schaft so laug als die zwei ersten Geisselglieder zusammen; 1. Glied etwas 
langer nnd merklich kraftiger als das 2., dieses gnt 2-mal so lang als breit, das 
3. — 7. an Liinge kaum verschieden, aber allmiihlig starker werdend, das 3. etwa 
IJ-mal so lang als breit, das 7. rnndlich ; die eiformige Keule deutlich abgesetzt. 

Halsschild etwas breiter als lang, an den Seiten von den nahezn rechtwinkeligen 
Hinterecken gegen die Mitte bin sehr wenig verbreitert, daselbst am breitesten, von 
da nach vorne miissig stark vereugt, hinter dem Vorderrand sehr wenig ein- 
gebuchtet ; seitlich gesehen sehr schwach gewOlbt ; so stark und dicht wie 



( 110 ) 

die Stirne puuktiert, die Zwisclienriiame etwas scbiujiler als die ziemlich flacli 
eingestoclieneii Puukte, mtt eiiiem kiirzen, docli deufliclieii Basali;;riilii;lieii. 

Fliiijelilcclceu zieiulicli breit verkclirt-eifcinui^, zwisclieu den deiitlieh entwickel- 
ten Sclmlterlieulen reii;iilii:li lireiter als die Hiilsschildbasis, von dieseu nach liinten 
ziemlich stark verbreitert, etwa in dor Mitte am lireitesten, nach binten zieuilicli 
breit zngerundet; seitlich geseheu ziemlich stark gewGlbt ; miissig stark jmnktiert- 
gestreift, die vollkommen ebenen Spatien in der Deckeumitte fast 3-mal so breit 
als die Piinktstreif'en, feiu <iner gerunzelt, dazwiseheti mit feinen Punkteii nnregel- 
miissig und sparsam besetzt. SchildcheQ ziemlich gross, lang dreieckig, scharf 
gefnrcht. 

Beine krilftig, miissig lang ; 1. niid 2. Tarsenglled gleich lang, docli das 1. 
etwas schmiiler als das 2., das 3. breit gelappt, das Klauenglied iiberragt das 3. um 
seine Hiilfto, die Klaucn ziemlich fein, scharf gcziihnt. 

Long (e.r.) : 3,2 mm. 

Ein Exemplar (?) aus Bolivien : Ynngas (Germain), im Material des Deutsch. 
Entom. Museum. 

11. Apion ochropterum. nov. spec. 

Dem Apion erythropterum Sharp iinsserst nahestehend, etwas kleiner und 
viel schmaler, auf den Decken mehr ockergelb, ferner dnrch folgende Pnnkte von 
ihm verschieden : Der Kopf ist verhiiltnismiissig etwas breiter, nach vorne kanm 
verengt, da die Angen mehr vortreten ; der Riissel ist erheblich kiirzer, nur wenig 
liinger als der Halsschild, verhitltuismassig diinner, nur ilusserst feiu und spiirlich 
pnnktuliert, stark glaozend ; der Halsschild ist bei gleicher Grundform etwas 
schmaler, zeigt jedoch die gleiche Sknlptur, die Fliigeldeckeu sind hingegen im 
Verhiiltnis zum Halsschild erheblich schmaler ; zwischen den deutlich entwickelten 
Schnlterbenlen etwas schmaler als bei erytliropterum, von da nach hinten viel 
schwacher als bei letzterem erweitert, etwas hiuter der Mitte am breitesteu, nach 
hinten eiformig zugerandet ; seitlich gesehen merklich schwacher als bei erythro- 
pterum gewolbt. Das Schildchen ziemlich klein dreieckig, undeutlich gefurcht. 
Die Beine sind wie bei ert/throptenun gebildet, doch sind die Schenkel dnnkler, die 
vorderen nur in der Mitte etwas heller braun, die hinteren ganz pechbraun, alle 
Tibien und Tarsen pechschwarz. Die Naht der Fliigeldeckeu ist intensiver 
geschwiirzt, der Riissel ist beim ? pechbrauu. 

Long (s.r.) : 1,7 mm. 

Zwei weibliciie E.xemplare aus Bolivien : Yungas (Germain) lagen der Beschrei- 
bung zn Gruude. 

12. Apion {Tiichapion) acanthopus uov. spec. (Text-fig. 23-26). 

Dem Apion persulcatum m. sehr nabe stebend, vou gleicher GrOsse und 
Fiirbung, durcb folgende Merkmale vou ihm verschieden : der Halsschild ist erheblich 
breiter, starker und viel diubter puuktiert, der Htissel ist beim cJ viel kiirzer, beim 
? etwas liinger, bei letzterem auch stiirker gebogen ; die Fliigeldeckeu sind kiirzer 
und stiirker gerundet, im Umriss fiist kreisrnnd. 

Kojif mit den stark gewulbteu und stark vorspriugendeu Augeu viel breiter 
als laug, die Augeu beim <S merklich grosser, doch tlacbor als beim ? ; 8tirue 
nach vorue stark verengt, vorne so breit als die lliisselbasis, hiuteu doppelt so 
breit als vorne, leicht kissenartig gewolbt, stark und dicht puuktiert, in der Mitte 
mit einem schmalen, uupunktierten, fein chagrinierteu bisweilen etwas eingedriickten 



( 111 ) 

Streifeii ; tier fcin quergeriefte Sclieitel ist Jiircli eiue schwacbe Qnertlepression 
vom Kopfe getrennt. 

Riissel beim c? etwas ki'irzer als Kopf nnd Halsscbild ziisamiuen, ziemlicb 
ki'iiftig, miissig stark gebogen, von der Basis bis znr Fublerinsertioii itasserst 
scbwacb verbreitert, von da znr Spitze schwacb veijiingt ; in den beiden 
basalen Dritteln an den Seiten ziemlicb stark gefarcbt, in den Fnrchen mit 
groben, flaeben Pnnkten besetzt ; oberseits von der Basis bis naho znr Spitze mit 
einem feinen Kielchen, von der Basis znr Fiihlerinsertion mit groberen Pnnkten 
sparlich besetzt, im Grnnde fein cbagriniert, matt, von der Fublerinsertion znr 
Spitze mit feineren, docb tiefer eiugestocbenen Pnnkten, die in Reiheu angeordiiet 




23 



24 



26 



Fig. 23. — Apion acanthojjus ^, 

» 24.— „ 

.. 25.— „ „ ?. 

„ 20.— „ 



smd, dicht besetzt, im Grnnde glatt, scbwacli glii.nzend. Hiissel beira ? erheblieh 
diinner als beira S, etwa l|-mal so lang als Kopf nnd Halsscbild ziisammen, 
zylindriscb, ziemlicb stark gebogen, von der Basis bis znr Spitze mit sebr feinen, 
in Reihen angeordneten Piiuktchcn zieml. dicht besetzt, im Grnnde glatt, stark 
glanzeud. 

Fiihlcr beim <S nm geriuges weniger, beim ? nm etwas mebr als nm den 
Liingsdnrcbmesser der Angen vor diesen eingelenkt, lang nnd schlauk ; c? : Scbaft 
so lang als die zwei ersten Geisselgiieder zasainiuen, 1. nnd 2. Getsselglied gleicb 
lang, docb das 1. etwas starker, das 2. 2i-mal so lang als breit, das 3.-7. gleicb 
lang, dentlich Linger als breit. ? : die Glieder im gleichen Verbiiltnis wie 
beim <? gebildet, aber merklich schlauker, und liluger, das !i. Geisselglied reichlicb 



( 112 ) 

3-mal so lansr als breit, das 3.-6. gnt doppelt so lang als breit, das 7. etwas kiirzer ; 
die lanfj-sjiiiidelfonnige Kenle in beiden Geschlechtera schwach abgesetzt, die 
Geissel (namentlicli beiin c?) lang nnd fein schwavz bewimjiert. 

Halsschild an der 2-bnclitigen Basis ura eiii Drittel breiter als in der Mittellinie 
lang, vor den schwach spitzwinkeligen Hinterecken miissig stark eiugezogen, gegen 
die Mitte bin leichfc gernndet verbreitert, wenig vor der Mitte am breitesten, von 
da zum Vorderrand ziemlich stark verengt, hinter letzterem stark eingezogen ; 
seitlich gesehen selir schwach gewGlbt, hiuter dem Vorderrand sehr schwach 
niedergedriickt ; grob nnd dicht pnnktiert, die fcin chagrinierten Zwischenriinnie 
auf der Scheibe kanra so breit, an den Seiteu so breit oder etwas breiter als die 
Pnnkte, vor den Schildchen mit einem tiefen, lilnglichen Griibchen. 

Fliigeldecken stark gernndet, kurz, an den dentlich entwickeltcn .Schnlter- 
benlen reichlich breiter als die Halsschildbasis, von dieseu znm Apex stark nnd 
gleichmiissig gernndet, in der Mitte am breitesten ; seitlich gesehen hochgewolbt ; 
stark, fast kettenformig pnnktiert-gestreift, die Spatien etwas breiter als die 
Pnnktstreifon, flach oder etwas gewOlbt, fein rnnzelig chagriniert, dazwischen mit 
zwei Reihen feiner, bisweilen ' unJeutlicher, liiirchentragender Piinktchen besetzt. 
Schildchen ziemlich gross, langlich-dreieckig, scharf gefnrcht. Seiten der Brnst 
nnd das Abdomen mit ziemlich starken Punkten miissig dicht besetzt. 

Beine beim ? relativ schlank, beim t? die Schenkel ziemlich kriiftig verdickt ; 
1. Tarsenglicd etwa IJ-mal so lang als das 2., dieses um geringes liinger als breit, 
das 3. miissig breit gelappt, kiirzer als das 2., das Klaneuglind iiberragt das 3. um 
seine Hiilfte, die Klaueu ziemlich lang, gekriimmt, scharf geziUmt. 

Beim Miinnchen sind die vier hinteren Tibien an der apicalen Innenecke scharf 
dornfiirmig verliingert, der Dorn an den mittleren Beinen ist etwas kriiftiger als 
an dem hiuteren Beinpaar. 

Long, (s.r.) : 3,1 — 3,3 mm. 

Korj)er schwarz, die Fliigeldecken dnnkel cyanblan ; der ganze Korper fein 
nnd wenig dicht, die Episternen der Mittel- nnd Hiuterbrust dicht weiss 
behaart. 

Von dieser Art lagen mir vier weibliche E.^eraplare ans Bolivien : Ynngas, 
(Germain) nnd ein miinnliches E.xemplar ans Brasilieu-Amazonas : Fonteboa, 
(Standinger) znr Beschreibnng vor ; die weibliche Type befindet sich im Dentschen 
Entomolog. Museum, die miinnliche in meiuer Collection. 

13. Apion brachyrhynchum nov. spec. (Text-fig. 20). 

Eine sehr charakteristische Art, die zu keiiier der bisher bekannten Arten 
dieses Fannengebietcs eine grossere Aehnlichkeit aiifweist. 

Korper tiefschwarz, etwas gliinzend, scheinbar kahl. 

Kopf infolge des lang abgesetzten Scheitels trotz der stark vorspringenden, 
gewolbten Augen etwas liinger als breit ; die Stirne wenig breiter als die halbe 
Riisselbreile iiber der Fiihlerinsertioii, leicht eingedruckt, beiderseits am Innenrand 
der Augen von einem stumpt'en Faltchen begrenzt, wie der iibrigc Kopf im Grande 
mikroskopisch fein chagriniert, dazwischen mit ganz einzelnen, ixusserst feinen 
Piinktchen besetzt: der Sc.heitel durch eine feiue Quersutur voni Kopf gesondert. 

Riissel kriiftig, beim t? so lang als der Halsschild nnd Kopf bis zum hinteren 
Augenrand gemessen zusammen, schwach gebogen, fast cylindrisch, nnr an der 
Fiihleriusertiou schwach angeschwoUen ; tou der Basis bis zur Spitze mit feinen 



( 113 ) 

Piinktchen sparsam bcsetzt, iiii Grnnde mikroskopisch chagriniert, etwas fettig 
glanzeiid. 

Fiibler mitssig schlauk, in der Mitte des Riissels eingelenkt ; Schaft, 2-mal 
so lang als das 1. Geisselglied, dieses wenig liinger als breifc, viel starker als die 
folgenden Glieder, diese allraithlig an Liinge abnehmend, das 2. Glied lA-mal so 
lang als breit, das letzte rnndlich ; Kenle eifOrmig, zugespitzt, scharf abgesetzt 

Halsscbild fast so lang als zwischen den spitzwinkeligen Hinterecken breit, 
von diesen nach vorne ziemlich stark verengt, vor den Hinterecken schwach, hinter 
dam Vorderrand ziemlich krilftig einzogen, die Seiten dazwischea kaura gerundet; 
mit feinen nnd selir flacben Pnnkten -ftfcnig dicht besetzt, iiii Grnnde glatt nnd 
Erlituzend, vor dem Schildchen niit einem knrzen, tiefen Basalarriilicben. 

Fliigeldecken oval, zwischen den kriiftigen Schulterbeulen doppelt so breit 
als der Halsschildvorderrand, von diesen nacb hinten schwach gerundet erweitert, 
an der Spitze schwach abgestntzt ; miissig stark gewOlbt ; stark pnnktiert- 
gestreift, die Spatieu tlach gewiilbt, in der Deckenmitte wenig breiter als die 
Pnuktstreifeu, iinsserst fein chagriniert, etwas gliinzend. Schildchen rnndlich, 
nngefnrcht, von einer scharfen Furche unigrenzt. 

Beine lang nnd schlank, 1. Tarsenglied an den Vorderbeinen etwas raehr, an 
den vier hinteren Bcinen etwas weniger als H-mal so lang als das 2., dieses an 
alien Beinen so lang als breit, das 3. ziemlich schnial gelappt, die Lappeu breit 
gespreizt, das Klauenglied doppelt so lang als das 3., die Klanen fein, sehr scharf 
und spitz geziihnt. 

Beine ohne besondere Anszeichnnngen beim Miinnchen. 

Long, (s.r.) : 2,5 mm. 

Ein Exemplar, welches ich fiir ein Mannchen halte, aus Bolivien : Ynngas, 
(Germain), im Material des Deutschen Entomolog. Mnsenm. 

14. Apion callanganum nov. spec. 

Der vorigen Art iinsserst nahestehend, von etwas geringerer Grosse, durch 
folgende Pnukte von ihr verschieden nnd sehr ansgezeichnet ; Korper tiefschwarz, 
schwach gliinzend, die Kniee, Tibienspitzen, Tarsen nnd die Flihlerwnrzel trtlb 
briiunlichgelb ; der Hiissel ist beim S etwas diinner, iiber der Fiihlerinsertion etwas 
starker angeschwollen, nm weniges stiirker punktiert, die Zwischenrilnme sehr 
schwach rnnzelig erhoben ; an den Seiten von der Basis bis nahe znr Spitze dentlich 
gefurcht. Der Kopf ist gleichfalls stiirker rnnzelig pnnktiert, die Stirne von zwei, 
durch ein dentliches Mittelwiilstchen getrennten Furchen dnrchzogen, der Scheitel 
ist viel kiirzer. Die Fiibler sind etwas kiirzer, Schaft nnd 1. Geisselglied briiun- 
lichgelb, die Glieder im Verhiiltniss wie bei voriger Art gebildet. 

Halsscbild wie bei /jnir//i/i7/i/i/c/ium geformt, nnr hinter dem Vorderrand merk- 
lich schwiicher eingezogen ; viel stiirker nnd dicht pnnktiert, die Zwischenriiiime 
etwas gerunzelt, anf dev Scheibe kanm so breit als die etwas flach eiugestochenen 
Punkte ; das Basalgriibchen flach, doch dentlich. Die Fliigeldecken sind in der 
Form genan wie bei vnrigem, die Sivulptur weicht jedoch ab ; die Pnnkte stehen in 
den Streifen mcrklich dichter, die Spatien sind etwas schmiiler nnd gewolbter, 
fein rnnzelig chagriniert. Schildchen rnndlich, nngefnrcht. Beine genan wei bei 
brachyrhynchnm gebildet, nnr wie oben erwiihnt abweichend gefiirbt. 

Long (s.r.) : 2,3 mm. 

Ein niilnnliches E.xemplar, aus Peru : Callanga, von Standinger erhalten, in 
meiner Collection. 



( 114 ) 

15. Apion dentitarse nov. spec. 

Doiu hriinneotibinlc in. sebr nalie stcheucl, voii gleiclier Gcstalt nnd Griisse, 
aiisser ddrcli die etwas abweichende Fiirbung, diircli folgeude Mfirkmalc von ilim 
verscbieden : KOrper pecbscbwarz, die Fliigeldecken ziemlich lebbaft lnoii- 
cegbinzend, die Tibien diinkel rOtlicbpeclibrauu, die Fiibler, Sebenkel niul Taiseu 
pecbscbwarz ; niit feiuen, weisslicben Hiircheii spiirlicb besetzt. 

Der IJiissel ist beim <S etwas kiirzer nnd fast dojipelt so dick, etwas stiirker 
gebogeu, cylindriscb, von der Basis bis nabe zur 8pitze mit viel kritftigeren 
Pnnkten ziemlich dicbt besetzt, die Pnnkte werden uach vorne etwas feiner and 
s])iirlicber. An den Fiiblern siud Schaft nnd Gcissel wie bei brunneotibiale gehWdtit, 
die Kenle ist jedocb ganz erheblich kiirzer, scbwacb abgesetzt. 

Der Halsscbild ist bei ganz gleicher Form mit ebenso starken Punkten besetzt, 
docb steben die Pnnkte viel sparsamer, die deutlich chagrinierten Zwiscbeuranme 
sind so breit oder nnr nm ganz geringes schmiiler als die Pnnkte ; das Basal- 
griibcben ist sebr fein, etwas uudentlicb. 

Fliigeldecken in der Form ganz wie bei hruntieotiljiali', anch in der Skulptnr im 
wesentlichen gleich, nnr sind die Spatien etwas flacher, nicht queivrnnzelig, sondern 
einfach gernnzelt, dazwiscben mit einzelnen, feiuen Piinktcben besetzt. Die Peine 
sind in Liinge und Stiirke wie bei letzterer Art, nnr sind die vier hinteren iScheokel 
nicht spmngbeinartig verdictt ; das 1. Tarsenglied der vier hinteren Beine ist an 
dor ai)icalen Innenecke weuiger scharf nnd etwas kiirzer zahnartig nach abwiirts 
gezogen. 

Long (s.r.) : 1,S mm. 

Ein mjinnliches E.xemplar, von Germain in Bolivien : Yungas, gesammelt, lag 
znr Beschieibnng vor. \ 

10. Apion brachypus nov. spec. (Te.\t-fig. 21, 22). 

Korper pechbrann, der Halsscbild trilb rotlichbrano, matt, die Fliigeldecken 
heller rotliehbrann, sebr wenig glilnzeud, die Beine mit Ansnabme der pecli- 
scbwarzen Tarsen, die Fiibler mit Ausuahme der schwarzen Kenle und der Riissel 
rOtlicbpechbrann, das Schildcbeu und die Fliigeldeckennaht schwarz. Der gauze 
Korper ist mit sehr feiuen, kurzen, seidengliinzendeii, weisslicben Hiirclien spiirlich 
besetzt. 

Kopf mit den grossen, stark gewolbten uud ziemlich stark vortretenden Angen 
breiter als lang, der Scbeitel miissig verliingert, die Stirne etwas schmiiler als die 
Eiisselspitze, vou zwei ziemlich scharfen, dnrch eiueu Mittelkiel gretrenntea 
Furchen durcbzogen, diese gegen den Inuenrand der Angen gleichfalls von oinem 
feinen Liingslaltchen begrenzt ; in den Fnrcheu wie der iibrige Kopf mit Ausnahme 
des sehr fein ([uergerieften Scheitels, mit zicmlicli starken Pnnkten dicht besetzt. 

Hiissel so lang als dor Halsscbild, miissig stark, schwach gebogen, von der 
Basis zur Sjiitze sehr schwach verengt, ebeuda mit sebr feinen, liingsrissigen 
Pnnkten zicmlicli sparsam besetzt ; im Grnnde glatt niul gliinzeiul. 

Fiihlcr knrz vor der Basis des Piissels eingelcnkt, mit der Kenle die Biissel- 
spitze iiberragend ; Schaft dop])elt so lang als das I. Geisselglied, dieses oval, viel 
stiirker als die folgeuden, eug aueiuandgciugteu Geisselglieder, welche gegeu die 
Kenle bin allmiihlig etwas kiirzer nnd breiter werden ; das 2. Glied etwas 
langer als breit, das 7. (pier. Kenle knrz-eiformig, stark zugespitzt, scharf 
abgesetzt. 



( ur^ ) 

Halsschild nm ein Fiiaftel iQ der Mittellinie kiirzer als in der Mitte breit, von 
den nahezu reclitwiakeligen Hinterecken nach vorne sehr sanft ausgeschweift ver- 
breitert, wenig hinter der Mitte am breitesten, von da nacli vorne wieder sanft 
ausgeschweift verengt, am Vorderraiid nnr wenig, etwa ein Sechstel schmiiler als 
an der Basis, diese fast gerade abgestntzt ; ziemlich grob nnd dicht piinktiert, 
die Zwischenrilume so gross als die etwas flacli einbestochenen Piiukte, sehr dicht 
iind feiu chagriniert, matt ; das Basalstrichel ziemlich tief, fast bis zur Mitte 
reichend. 

Fliigeldecken doppelt so breit als der Halsschildvorderrand, die Schultern 
etwas verrundet, von diesen nach hinten an den Seiten fast parallel, hinten stumpf 
zngeruudet ; seitlich gesehen miissig gewolbt ; stark pnnktiert-gestreift, die voll- 
kommen ebeneu Spatien etwas breiter als die Pnnktstreifeu, fein quergerunzelt. 
Schildchen liinglich, scharf gefurcht. Die Seiteu der Briist and das Abdomen grob 
und dicht puuktiert. 

Beine knrz und ziemlich kriiftig, die Tibien gegen das distale Ende hin ziem- 
lich stark verbroitert ; 1. Tarsenglied wenig liinger als das 2., dieses so lang als 
breit, das 3. kurz und schmal gelappt, das Klauenglied ziemlich lang und fein, 
das 3. nm mehr als seine Hiilfte iiberragend, die Klancn klcin nnd fein, deutlich 
geziihnt. 

Long (s.T\) : 1,8 mm. 

Ein Exemplar, S, aus Bolivien : Ynngas (Germain), lag mir zur Beschreibnng 

vor. 

17. Apion tomentiferum nov. spec. 

In die Verwandtschaft des Apiriii ri/w.sum Sliarp gehiirig, diesem anch sehr 
iihnHeh, jedoch erheblich gr/isser, durch den Mangel eincs metallischen Schimmers 
auf dem mehr rotlichbrannen Korper, dnrch die heller rotlichgelben Beine, die 
grobere und dichtere Behaarnng, etc., sehr scharf verschieden. 

Kopf breiter als lang, die Angen gross, stark gewolbt und ziemlich stark 
vortretend ; der Scheitel ist durch eine ziemlich scharfe Quersutur vom Kopf 
getreunt ; die Htirne ist etwa halb so breit als der Riissel an der Filhlerinsertion, 
schwach kissenartig gewolbt, mit zwei schwachen Farchea, in diesen wie der iibrige 
Kopf mit ziemlich starken Pnnkten dicht besetzt. 

Kiissel beim S so lang als Kopf und Halsschild zusammen, ziemlich krilflig 
gebant, cylindrisch, sehr schwacli gebogen (fast gerade), von der Basis bis naho zur 
Spitze mit etwas feineren Pnnkten als die Stirne, in der basalen Hiilfte etwas 
spilrlicher als in der distalen besetzt ; an den Seiten von der Basis bis zum 
apicaleu Drittel von zwei, durch einen Mittelkiel getrennten, ziemlich tiefeu 
Furchen durchzogen, in denselben gleichtalls ziemlich kriiftig und dicht punktiert. 

Fiihler um den Querdurchmesser der Augen vor diesen oingelenkt, miissig 
lang ; Schaft nahezu doppelt so lang als das I. Geisselglied, dieses so lang aber 
fast doppelt so breit als das 2., dieses etwa L'A-mal so lang als breit, das 3. doppelt 
so lang als breit, das 4.-7. allmiihlig an Liinge abnehmend, das 4. noch reichlich 
liinger als breit, das 7. rundlich. Keule lang eiformig, zugespitzt, schwach 
abgesetzt. 

Halsschild an der schwach zweibnchtigen Basis Ir-mal so breit als in der 
Mittellinie lang, vor den spitzwinkeligen Hinterecken nach vorne ziemlich stark 
verengt, vor den Hinterecken schwach, hinter dem Vorderrandc merklich stiirker 
eingezogen, die Seiten dazwischen schwach gerundet, am Vorderrande etwas mehr 
als halb so breit als an der Basis ; ziemlich stark und dicht puuktiert, die 

8 



( "''^ ) 

Zwischenriinme schmiiler als die I'uiikte, diese ctwus flacli eingentocheri, vor dem 
8cliildcbeii mit eiiiem tiefen, doch /.ietnlicU kurzeu Basalstrielielchen. 

Fliigeldecken gedrnngen, zwischen den kriiftig entwickelten Scbulterbealen 
rciclilich l>reiter als die Halsschildbasis, von diesen nacb binten Jinsserst scbwacb 
verbreitert (fast parallel), in der Mitte kaum broiter als zwischen den Scbnlter- 
benlen, nacb binten stnmpf-eiformig zngernndet ; seitlich geseben ziemlicb stark 
gewOlbt ; stark punktiert-gestreift, die Spatien wenig breiter als die Pnnktstreifen, 
sehr fein querninzelig, mit drei Reihen feiner, Hiircben tragender Piinktcben 
besetzt. 

Scbildcbeu rnnd, scbwacb coneav, ungefnrcht, von oiner scbarfen Fnrcbe 
nmscblossen. 

Beine miissig lang, ziemlicb kriiftig; 1. nnd 2. Tarsenglied von gleicber Liinge, 
das 2. etwas scbmiiler als das 1., das 3. miissig breit gelappt, das Klauenglied 
nicht ganz um seine Hiilfte das 3. iiberragend, die Klauen ziemlicb lang nnd scbarf, 
nicbt sebr scbarf geziibnt. 

Korper dnnkel rotbrann, der Halsschild nnd die Fliigeldecken etwas heller 
rostrot, ziemlicb matt, die Beine r<itlicbgelbbraun, die Fiibler nnd Tarsen pecbbrann. 
Kopf, Riissel, Halsschild, Fliigeldecken nud Beine mit feinen, weisslicben Hiircben 
miissig dicht, die Seiten nnd der Vorderrand des Halsscbildes, die Vorderseiteu der 
Vordercoxen und die Abdominalsegmente merklicb dicbter und mebr reinweiss, 
die Seiten der Mittel- und Hinterbrast sehr dicbt rein weiss behaart ; der untere 
Augenrand ist von einem langen Wimperkranz nmscblossen. 

Long, (s.r.) : 2,0—2,8 mm. 

Znr Bescbreibung lagen mir drei Exemplare vor, welcbe ich fiir Miinnchen 
halte ; zwei im Material des D.E.M., eines frenndlicbst meiner Collection iiberlassen. 
Die Art wnrde von Germain in Bolivien : Ynngas, gesammelt. 

18. Apion {Stenapion) yatahyanum nov. spec. (Text-figs. 4, 5). 

Eine durch die Grosse, Gestalt nud namentlich dnrch den in beideu Geschlech- 
tern ganz enorm langen Riissel, iinsserst markante Art aus dem siidamerikanischen 
Fannengebiet. 

Korper tiefscbwarz, die Fliigeldecken mit sehr schwacbem metalliscbem 
Schimmer, ziemlicb stark gliinzend, beim Miinnchen der Riissel die Beine, in 
beiden Geschlechtern der Fliigeldeckenapex nnd die Seiten der zwei ersten 
Abdominalsegmente mit rein weissen Borstenbiircben ziemlich spiirlicb, die Seiten 
der Vorder-, Mittel- nnd Hinterbrnst sebr dicht besetzt. 

Kopf mit den grossen, stark gewolbten und stark vorspringenden Augen etwas 
breiter als lang, die Stirne in beiden Geschlechtern merklicb scbmiiler als die 
Riisselspitze, von zwei flachen Fnrcben durchzogen, in diesen sebr fein chagriniert, 
dor glatte Scheitel dnrch eine dentliche Qnerdepression vom Kopf getrennt. 

Riissel ansserordentlicb lang, beim S l?-mal so lang als Kojif und Halsschild 
zusammen, beim ? nur am geringes kiirzer als die Fliigeldecken, bei letzterem 
merklicb diinner als bei ersterem, in beiden Geschlechtern zwischen der Basis 
nnd der Fiihlerinsei'tioii nnd dieser nud der Spitze sebr scbwacb eingeeugt, an 
letzterer leicht angcschwollen, scbwacb gebogen ; beim Miinnchen mit ziemlicb 
feinen, liinglichen, die weissen Borstenbiircben tragenden Piinktcben bis nahe zur 
Spitze ziemlicb dicbt besetzt, im Grunde mikroskopisch fein chagriniert, matt; 
beim Weibchen mit viel feineren, gleichfalls liingsrissigen Piinktcben spiirlicher 
besetzt, im Grunde noch feiner chagriniert, etwas fettig gliinzend. 



( 11' ) 

Fiibler lang und sclilank, beira S naheza in der Mitte, beim ? zwischeu deru 
basalen Drittel und der Mitte eingelenkt ; ? : Scbaft dihin, fast so lang als die 
zwei ersten Geisseiglieder zusammen, 1.-4. Glied gleich lang, das 1. kaum starker 
als die folgenden, jedes gut 4-mal so lang als breit, das 5. etwas kiirzer, das 6. 
und 7. zweimal so lang als breit, etwas stiirker als die vorigen ; d : Schaft nor 
1^-mal so lang als das 1. Geisselglied, dieses so lang und nnr wenig starker als 
das 2., dieses gut 3-nial so lang als breit, das 3.-5. etwa 2|-mal, das 0. 2-mal so 
lang als breit, das 7. etwas kiirzer und breiter ; Keule in beiden Gescblecbtern 
spindelformig, deutlicb abgesetzt. 

Halsscbikl gut l|-mal so lang als an der breitesten Stelle breit, im basalen 
Viertel fast parallel, dann leieht gernndet, etwas vor der Mitte am breitesten, 
zwischeu dieser und dem Vorderrand massig stark eingezogen, am Vorderrand nnr 
wenig schmiiler als an der 2-buchtigen Basis ; seitlicli gesehen sehr wenig gewolbt, 
hinter dem Vorderrande scbwach niedergedrilckt ; mit ziemlicb feinen und sehr 
flacben Punkten wenig dicht besetzt, die Zwischenriiume viel breiter als die Punkte, 
sehr fein cbagriniert, ein Basalstrichel fehlt. 

Fliigeldecken lang und schmal, doi)pelt so lang als breit, zwischen den kriiftig 
entwickelten Scbulterbeulen doppelt so breit als der Halsschildvorderrand, von 
diesen nach binten iiusserst schwach ausgeschweift erweitert, nahezu in der Mitte 
am breitsten, von da nach binten sanft gernndet verengt, am Apex stumpf 
abgerundet ; seitlich gesehen ziemlicb wenig gewiillit ; fein gestreift, die Streifen 
mit sehr undentlichen Piinktchen sehr weitliiufig besetzt, der 1. Streifen furchenartig 
vertieft, dementsprechend der erste Zwischenraum schmiiler als die folgenden, 
diese sehr breit und flacb, im Grnnde glatt und glanzend ; der 1. Streifen ist an 
der Spitze stark vertieft, ebenso die Vereinigungsstelle des 6. und 7. Streifens vor 
der Spitze, die zwischen den Vertiefungen liegenden Spatien sind etwas wnlstartig 
erhoben. Das Schildchen klein, rundlich, undeutlich gefurcht. Die Seiten der 
Brnst nnd das Abdomen sind fein und massig dicht pnnktiert. 

Beine sehr lang und schlauk ; 1. Tarsenglied li-mal so lang als das 2., dieses 
etwas liinger als breit, das 3. Glied knrz, schmal gelappt ; das Klauenglied 
doppelt so lang als das 3., die Klauen ziemlich kriiftig, scharf gezahnt. 

Long, fs.r.) : 4,8 — 5 mm. 

Von dieser ansgezeichneten Art lagen mir drei Exemplare vor, ein Miinncheu 
und zwei Weibcben, alle von der gleichen Provenienz, Brasilien : Prov. Go3'as, 
Jatahy ; die maunliche Type lietindet sich in raeiner ('olli'ction, die weiblicbe in 
der Sammlung des D.E.M., die weiiiliche Cotype im Material meiiies verehrten 
Frenndes Herrn Hartmaun. 

2. Beitrage zur Kenntnis der horizontalen Verbreitung alterer Arten. 

1. A/jion america/ium m., bisher aus Br.-Honduras, Panama und Guatemala 

bekannt, koramt anch in Brasilien, Prov. Goyas : Yatahy, vor. 

2. Apion jjecnUarc m., wie obige Art. 

3. Aji/oii hinoilnsam m., von Brasilien : Kio de .Jiuieiri) und Bahia beschrieben, 

ist westwiirts bis zur Prov. (toyas : Yatahy, verbreitet. 

4. Ajjion winqelmufllcri m., aas Brasilien beschrieben, kommt auch in Bolivion : 

Yungas (Germain), vor. 

5. Ajiion h>j)torhi/iwln(m Gerst., liegt wie die folgenden Species gleichfalls ans 

Bolivien : Yungas, vor. 

6. Apion infonne Beguin-Biilc, bisher nur aus Brasilien nachgewiesen. 



( 118 ) 

7. Aj/ioii losxi/m Sharp, bisher mir aus Ceutral-Amerika bekannt, daselbst 

ctwas weiter verbreitet. 

8. AjjIoii /iii/c/iri/ji:-< Sharp, bisheriges Verbreitiingsgebiet : siidl. Guatemala, 

Mexico nnd Nicaragua. 
'.I. Apion etisirostre Gerst., iibcr (bis siidl. ('ontral- iiiul iibor das mirdl. uiid 
centrale Siid-Atnerika ziomlicli weit vprbreitet. 

10. Ajiioit tdcumaiii'tisi' Beguin-l?illi!., bisher aus Tucnmaii uiid Rio-Janeiro 

nachgewiesen. 

11. Apinn bamrostre Sharp, ans Panama, (iiiatcmala uud Trinidad bekatiut, 

kommt in der Paraguay : S. Bernardino (leg. K. Fiebrig), in einer 
etwas abweichenden Form vor ; wiihrend der Kiissel beim Mannehen 
kaum langer als bei der ty]]ischen Form, ist derselbe beim Weibchen 
um bedeutendes langer, worin wir jedenfalls eine Anpassnng an eine 
andere Niihrpflanze zn erblicken haben. Ich betrachte es jedoch 
keineswpgs fur geboten, diese Form mit einem besonderen Namen zu 
belegen. 



ON AN APPARENTLY NEW FORM OF LA3IBESSA FROM 

ALGERIA. 

By the Hok. W. EOTHSCHILD, Ph.D., F.R.S. 

nnmS Lambessa was bred from larvae found during my stay at Biskra in March 
-*- 1911. The S is very close to Lambessa staurlingcri in appearance, bnt the ? 
has fully develojiod winns. 

Lambessa virago spec. nov. 

1^ differs from statuliiKjcri in the grey, not rnfous, suffusion of the wings and 

the more pointed ape.x of forewing. The antennae also are longer when contrasted 

with the length of the costa. 

Length of costa : 20 mm.i , . .■ 

'^ \ L. sUiudingeri. 

,, ,, antenna : 12 ,, J 

Length of costa: lOmm.i j- 

° \ ]j. riraqo. 

„ ,, antenna: 15 ,, J 

? differs strongly from that of staudingeri. While the latfer is rufous brown 
and has quite vestigial wings, L. virago has fully developed wings and closely 
resembles the S , being of a uniform buff-grey colour. 

Length of forewing : 16 — 28 mm. 

Larva: head dark grey with buff pyramidal mark in centre ; segments dorsally 
brownish orange with dark slender streaks and spots, the segmental divisions blue 
with central lavender line ; sides dull lavender grey with two rosy diagonal bands 
on each segment, spiracles scarlet with a black crescent in front ; hairs in tnfts 
white; jirolegs orange ; a black ventral quadrangular patch almost filled up with 
pyramidal buff markings on each segment. 

Feeds usually on various Salsolaccae. 

Ihb. Col de Sfa, Biskra, S. Algeria, 1011 (W. 1{. k E. H. coll.). 

1 ;?, 3 ? ?,and 3 larvae. 



( 119) 



A SYNONYMIC CATALOGUE OF THE SYNTOMIB GENUS 
BALACRA Walk., WITH DESCRIPTIONS OF NEW SPECIES. 

By the Hon. W. ROTHSCHILD, Ph.D., F.R.S. 

(Platei:?r and W) 
Balacra AValk. 

Bahura Walk., List. Leji. Ins. Brit. .1/w.s. vii, p. 1721 (1856) (Type : caeriileifuxcia Walk.). 
Pseudupicoiiuma Auriv., Ent. Tidskr. vol. ii. p. 46 (1881) (Type : testacea Aur.). 
Metan-tiii Hmpsn., Cat. Leji. Ifet. Brit. Mus. vol. i. p. 143 (IS'.W) (partim). 

Owing to the fact that no one bat Dr. Holland realised that caeruleifascia was 
nut a Metarctia but a female of this genus, Walker's name has been relegated to 
the rank of a synonym. It has, however, the priority by twentj'-five years over 
Pseudapiconoma of Aurivillins. 

1. B. caeruleifascia Walk. (PI. I., figs. 8, 9). 

Balacra caeruleifascia Walker, List. Lep. Ins. Brit. Mits. vii. p. 1721 (1856). 
Metarctia caeruleifascia Hmpsn., Cat. Lep. Ilet. Brit. .Viis. vol. i. p. 145 (1898). 
Atttomolis ehrmanni Hmpsn., Cat. Lep. Het. Brit. IIiis. vol. i. p. 145 (1898) (nee Holl.). 

2. B. elirmanni (Holl.) (PI. I., figs. 10, 11). 

Aiitiiiiuilis elirmanni Holland, Psyche vol. vi. p. 535 (1893). 

3. B. germana spec. nov. (PI. II., tig. 24). 

c?. Similar to ehrmanni but smaller, the forewings much narrower, and termen 
of hindwings not so much produced. Markings are all cinnabar red, not rufous 
orange, and the ground colour of forewings is a darker, more lavender, grey. 

Length of forewing : 22 mm. ; ehrmanni, 26 mm. 

Breadth,, „ : 11 „ ; „ 15 „ 

Hab. Sierra Leone. 

4. B. humphreyi spec. nov. (PI. I., tig. 14). 

i. Coxae and innerside of tibiae orange scarlet; tarsi and outerside of tibiae 
slaty black ; pectus and head scarlet ; antennae dark brown ; thorax and abdomen 

golden orange. Forewing umber-brown, a scarlet streak on subcostal nervure 

near base, a patch of long orange hairs on area between vein 1 and inner margin 
occupying the basal third, a golden orange patch between vein 1 and the middle of 
the median nervure, one in cell, and one each between 4 and 5 and u and 6, each 

patch with a partially obsolete hair-wide scarlet ring. Hindwing golden orange, 

semihyaline whitish in costal area. 

? . Similar to ? of cueruleifascia, with much more pointed forewings, and the 
hindwings are not round but have the termen sharply produced. Pectus crimson ; 
head orange ; antennae dark brown ; thorax mouse-groy, tegulae and patagia edged 
with bnft'y orange, as is rest of thorax ; abdomen above pale mouse-grey edged 
with orange, below orange edged with pale grey. Forewing wood-brown, 



( 120 ) 

an orauge spot, on snbcostal vein near base, a basal and an indistinct postinedian 
orange patch on area between inner margin and vein 1, a postiuodiau obscured or 
clonded orange patch between veins 1 and 2 and 2 and '^, a large vitrcons spot 
between vein 1 and median nervnre and a smaller one in cell, both surrounded by 
an orange ring, four vitreous patches between veins :{ and T. — Hindwing orange 
yellow with an orange patch of hair at base. 

Flab. South Nigeria, Ilesha, 1911 (L. E. H. Humphrey coll.). Type, S, in 
Brit. Mns. ; ? Congo, and J cotype in Tring Museum. 

5. B. ochracea Walk. (PI. I., tigs, l.j, l(j). 

Balacra ochmcea Walker, Proc. Xal. Hist. Soc. Glusijnw vol. i. p. 331 (1869). 
PxemlapicOHoma ochracea Hmpsn., Cat. Lep. Ilet. Brit. Miia. vol. i. p. 1 jl (1898). 

6. B. rattrayi (Rothsch.) (PI. I. tigs. 12, 13). 

Pseudapiconoma rattrai/i Roth.schild, Nm: Zool. vol. xvii. p. 444 (1910). 

T. B. testacea (Anr.) (PI. I. figs. 21, 22). 

Pxemkipicoiioma testacea Aurivillius, E/it. Tidshr. vol. ii. p. 46. f. 1 (1881). 
Pseudapiconoma flavimacula Hmpsn., Cat. Lep. Bet. Brit. Mas. vol. i. p. 150 (1898) (partim). 

8. B. haemalea Holl. (PL I. figs. 17, 18). 

Balacra haemalea Holland, Pxi/die vol. vi. p. 397 (1893). 

Pseudapiconoma Jlavi macula Hmpsn, 0(<. Lep. Het. Brit. .Uus. vol. i. p. l.")0 (1898) (partim). 

9. B. intermedia spec. nov. (PI. II. fig. 23). 

c?. Intermediate between /tai'malea and bate.si Drnce. Head and tliora.K 

reddish-orange ; abdomen deep orange. Forewing ambsr brown, a golden 

yellow red-ringed patch below centre of median vein, a scarlet spot in cell and 
one immediately below it below median vein, two larger scarlet spots between 

veins 5 and 7. Hindwings golden yellow clothed on alidorainal half with 

orange hair. 

Hub. .Sierra Leone. Type in British Museum. 

la B. batesi (Drnce) (PI. II. figs. 25, 26). 

Pseudapiconoma batesi Druce, Ann. ^fag. A'at. Hist. (8) vol. vi. p. 393 (1910). 

11. B. batesi congoensis (Rothsch.) (PI. II. fig. 27). 

Pseudapiconoma batesi congoensis Rothschild, Nov. Zool. vol. xvii. p. 443 (1910). 

12. B. batesi ugandae (Rothsch.) (PI. II. fig. 34). 

Pseudapiconoma batesi ugandae Kothschild, Nor. Zool. vol. xvii. p. 443 (1910). 

13. B. flavimacula Walk. (PI. II. figs. 28, 29). 

Balacra flavimacida Walker, List Lep. Ins. Brit. Mas. vii. p. 172S (1856). 

Pseudapiconoma flavimacula Hmpsn., Cat. Lep. Het. Brit. Miis. vol. i. p. 1.50 (1898) (partim). 

14. B. umbra (Drnce) (PI. II. fig. 30). 

Pseudapiciinoma umbra Druce, Ann. .Maij. A'at. Hist. (8) vol. vi. p. 394 (1910). 



( 121 ) 
15. B. preussi (Aur.). 

Metarctia preussi Aurivillius, Ark. Zool. vol. ii. p. 31. fig. 26 (1905). (J. 
Pseudapicotioma speruUgera Griinberg, D. Ent. Zeilschr. 1907. p. 4.34. ?. 

ab. brunnea Griinb. S PI. II. fig. 40. 

P. specuUgera ah. ohliterala Griinb., I.e. p. 435. $ 

P. laureola Druce, Ann. Mug. Nat. Hist. (8) vol. vi. p. 393 (1910) (partim, ? ). 

Tliis aberration is distingnishfid by the nniform clay-grej'-browa of the thorax 
and abdomen and the strong reduction of red on the wings in the c? and the uniform 
cinnabar red of the hindwings and reduction of vitreous spots on the wings in 
the ?. 

16. B. rubrovitta (Amiv.) Pi. II. fig. 41. 

Metarctin ruhvovittu Aurivillius, Ark. ZooL vol. ii. p. 31. fig. 25 (1905). 

IT. B. gloriosa (Jordan) PI. II. fig. 31. 

PseudapkoHoma gloriosa Jordan, Nor. Zool. vol. .\i. p. 441 (1904). 

18. B. pulchra Auriv. PI. II. figs. 32, 33. 

Balaera pidchra Aurivillius, Ent. TUhhr. vol. xiii. p. 200 (1892). 

Balacra glagoessa Holl., Psi/rhe vol. vi. p. 396 (1893). 

Pseudapiconoma glagoessa Hmpsn., Cat. Lep. Het. Brit. Mm. vol. i. p. 151. 

• 19. B. rubricincta Holl. (PI. I. fig.s. 1, 2). 

Balacra rubricincta Holland, Psi/clie vol. vi. p. 396 (1893). 

Pseudapiconoma rnhricincta Hmpsn., Cat. Lep. Ilct. Brit, ^^lls. vol. i. p. 151 (1898) (partim). 

20. B. furva Hmpsn. (PI. I. fig. 3). 

Balaera furva Hmpsn., Ann. .Mag. Nat. nisi. (8) vol. viii p. 394 (1911). 

Pseudapiconoma rubricincta Hmpsn., 0(t. Lep. Hel. Brit. Miis. vol. i. p. 151 (1898) (partim). 

21. B. elegans Auriv. (Pi. I. figs. 4, 5). 

Balacra elegans Aurivillius, Ent. Tidskr. vol. xiii. p. 190 (footnote) (1892). 

Balaera dainalis Holl., Psyelie vol. vi. p. 397 (1893). 

Pseudapiconoma elegans Hmpsn., Cat. Lep. Het. Brit. Mas. vol. i. p. 152 (1898). 

22. B. herona (Drnce) (PI. I. figs. 6, 7). 

Atmce herona Druce, P. Z. S. 1887, p. 669 (1888). 

PseiulapiconoiMi herona Hmpsn., Cat. Lep. Ilet. Brit. Mas. vol. i. p. 149 (1898). 

23. B. compsa (.Jordan) (PI. II. fig. 42). 

Pseudapiconoma compsa Jordan, Nov. Zool. vol. xi. p. 441 (1904). 
Pseudapieonoma stigmatica Griinb., D. Ent. Zeilschr. 1907. p. 435. 

24. B. vitreata (Rothsch.) (PI. II. fig. 36). 

Psettdaplconoma vitreata Rothsch., Nov. Zool. vol. xvii. p. 445 (1910). 

25. B. fenestrata (Jordan) (PI. II. fig. 35). 

Pseudapiconoma fenestrata Jordan, Noe. Zool. vol. xi. p. 441 (1904). 
Pseudapiconoma melaena Hmpsn., Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) vol. xv. p. 426 (1905;. 



(122) 

20. B. rubrostriata (Auriv.) (PI. II. fig. 37). 

Metarclia rubrnglriala Aurivillius, E/il. Tiilskr. vol. xix. p. 185 (1898). 

27. B. daphaena (Hmpsn.) (PL I. fig. 19). 

Pseudapiconnma daphaena Hmpsn., Cat. Lep. lift. Bril. .!/«<, vol. i. p. 150 (1898). 

28. B. affinis (Rothsch.) (PI. I. fig. 20). 

Pseudapiconoma affinis Rothsch., .Vor. Zool. vol. xvii. p. 442 (1910). 

29. B. invaria (Walk.). 

Aiiace hifaria Walker, List Lep. Lis. Brit. Mus. vii. p. 1720 (185G). 

Metarctia iinaiia Hmpsn., Cut. Lep. Het. Brit. Mus. vol. i. p. 146 (1898) (partim). 



NEW BORNEAN AEGERIIBAE AND STNTOMTBAE. 

By the Hon. W. ROTHSCHILD, Ph.D., F.R.S. 

AMONG a nnmber of Heterocera submitted to us for identification by 
J. C. Monlton, Sarawak Mnsenm, Borneo, the following Aegeriids appear 
to be new. The types are in the Tring Museum. 

Family AEGERIIDAE. 
1. Aegeria ruficrista sp. nov. 

S . Head and tliorax brownish black ; antennae black; forelegs blackish brown 
ringed with white, middle legs dark brown, tarsi with one cinnabar red and two glitter- 
ing bine liands ; hindlegs, basal half black with grey-blue scaling, tibia and first joint 
of tarsi with a gigantic tnft of brilliant cinnabar red hairs with two black spots and 
some patches of blue scales, rest of tarsi black with three broad glittering blue bands ; 
pectus blnish white ; abdomen black-brown with narrow bairlike white rings on the 

edge of the segments. Forewing black-brown with vitreous streak in cell and 

vitreons jiatch scaled ))artially with o]ialescent bine beyond cell. Hindwing 

vitreous, with black-brown outer and opalescent blue inner-marginal band. 

Length of forewing : 8-5 mm. 

Hab. Rock Road, Sarawak, April 21, 1909. 

2. Sphecia coeruleonitens sp. nov. 

<J. Head, thorax, antennae and abdomen black; forelegs black clothed with 
very long woolly hair except the last three joints of the tarsi ; hindlegs with crest 

of hair along outer ridge of tibiae. Forewing deep metallic glittering blue with 

black costa and washed with jmrjile towards the apex. Hindwing entirely 

metallic glittering bine. 

Length of forewing: 21 mm. 

Uab. Matang Road, Sarawak, January IS, 1910. 



( 123 ) 

3. Sphecia tricolor sp. nov. 

<S. Palpi and collar scarlet ; head, antennae and thorax black ; abdomen black 

with wood-brown anal tuft and wood-brown spots along sides. Forewings black. 

Hindwing semivitreons opalescent sky-blue, a verj- large tornal patch and 

fringes black. 

Length of forewing : 19 mm. 

flab. Matang Road, Sarawak, October 30, 1909. 

4. Melittia auricollis sp. nov. 

<S. Palpi and antennae rufous orange ; head rufous orange mixed with black; 
collar metallic golden ; abdomen blackish steel-blue ; forelegs with golden-brown 
tarsi and blackish tibiae and coxae ; middle legs black with golden-brown dots 

on tarsi ; hindlegs black with purplish tinted tufts. Forewing metallic royal 

purple with some scattered green scales. -Hindwing yellowish vitreous with a 

large royal purple patch on apex of cell widening out over two-thirds of costal 
region ; nervnres and margins purple. 

Length of forewing 12 mm. 

Hab. Mt. Penrissen, Sarawak, 3300 ft., November 14, 1909, and Ulu Lawas, 
August 31, 1909. 

Family SYNTOMIDAE. 

5. Trichaeta biplag^iata sp. nov. 

? . Head, thorax, and abdomen black ; antennae black, with buff tips. 

Forewing black, a subbasal, square, semivitreons patch below median vein, a 
larger patch at end of cell divided into four by the nervnres, and extending from 
vein 2 to subcostal. Hindwing blue-black. 

Length of forewing : 13 mm. 

[Jab. Kiesin Hills, Sarawak, July 21, 1909. 

6. Trichaeta albifrontia borealis subsji. nov. 

Differs from alhifronthi albifrontia in the absence of the upper subbasal white 
patch and the smaller size of the spot on hindwing. 

Hab. Limbang, April 1909; in my collection also from Tuton, North Borneo, 
May 1895 (A. Everett). 

7. Amata leucozonoides sp. nov. 

? . Dift'ers from lencnzoiia Hmpsn. in having the semivitreons white spots 
of the forewing much larger, and in the large spot in cell, and the absence of 
the spot near tornns. 

Length of forewing : 2.j mm. 

Hab. Kuching, Borneo, June 1900. 

8. Eressa syntomoides sp. nov. 

?. Frons white; rest of head, antennae, and thorax dark brown, shoulders 

white ; abdomen dark brown, basal segment and lateral rows of spots white. 

Forewing sooty brown, a large subbasal and a second smaller discal spot below 
median nervnre semihyaline white, a similar spot in cell and postmedian band 



(124) 

of five spots. Hindwing sooty grey, a subbasal patch and two beyond cell 

semihyaline white. 

Length of forewing : 21 mm. 

Ilab. Trnsan, Sarawak, November 1902. 

The following two forms iu my collection are likewise undescribed : 

0. Eressa syntomoides hosei snbsp. nov. 

c? ? . Similar to *■. syntomoides, but smaller and darker ; S has two instead of 
one semihyaline spot in cell, and abdomen ringed with white. 
Length of forewing : S 15 mm., ? 19 mm. 
Hab. Mt. Dulit, North Borneo, February— March 1894 (Hose). 
1 (?, 3 ? ? (may be distinct species). 

10. Eressa marcescens ericssoni subsp. nov. 

5 ? . Differs from m. marcesceHs Feld. iu the mnch paler mouse-grey colour, 
wider wings, and much larger J vitreous patches. 

Hab. Padang Sidempoean, West Sumatra (Ericsson). 
1 <?, 4 ? ?. 

11. Eressa vespina sp. nov. 

(?. Differs from resjia Hmpsn. in the smaller size, absence of yellow collar 
and thoracic stripes, only sides of tegnlae yellow, in the yellow belts of abdomen 
being much narrower and paler, and last segment wholly brown. It also differs 
in having the tornal patch not e.xtended along veins 2 and 3 to median vein, and 
in the border of hindwing being quite narrow and uniform, not broadly expanded 
at apex. 

Length of forewing : lo mm. 

Hub. Matang Road, Kuching, October 5, 1903, and July (3, 1909. 

12. Eressa? sexpuncta sp. nov. 

6 ? . Head, antennae, and thorax sooty black ; abdomen sooty black, basal 
and penultimate segments dirty white. Forewing sooty black, with two ante- 
median and two postmedian hyaline white spots. Hindwing sooty black, witli 

a small subbasal and a large median hyaline white spot. 

Length of forewmg: ? 14 mm., S 9 mm. 

Hab. Limbang, April 1910, and Ulu Lawas, Sarawak, September 1909. 



( 125) 



NEW MAURETANIAN MOTHS. 

By the Hon. W. ROTHSCHILD, Ph.D., F.R.S. 

BOMBYCES. 
1. Lymantria nisseni sp. nov. 

9 . Head and antennae yellowish grey-brown ; thorax grey-bvown powdered 

with black ; abdomen yellowisli grej'-brown. Forewing yellowish grey-brown, 

powdered with black scales, a black streak below, and one in cell, a discocellular 
black ring, two postmediaa transverse zigzag black lines, and fringe chequered 

faintly with black. Hind wing pale j'ellowish grey-brown, outer half powdered 

with black scales, a discocellular stigma and submarginal baud indicated by stronger 
and denser black powdering. 

Length of forewing : 20 mm. 

Hab. Khenchela, Algeria, June 28, 1911 (Victor Faroult). 1 ?. 

NOCTUIDAE. 
2. Agrotis nisseni sp. nov. 

? . Palpi black-brown ; head, antennae, and thorax pale wood-brown ; abdomen 
pale yellowish wood-brown.— — Forewing wood-brown, somewhat clouded with 
rufous in median area; a sooty subbasal, transverse, hair-like, convex line, a black 
spot beyond it, and two autemedian transverse, sooty, irregular hair-lines, the 
two stigmata large and somewhat faint, appearing only in outline; two postmedian, 
transverse, sooty hair-lines, the outer composed of dots ; between the latter and the 
margin a transverse line of lilack coalescent spots. — — Hindwing brownish grey, 
fringe rosy brown. 

Length of forewing : 24 mm. 

Hab. Aiu Draham, Tunisia (V. Faroult). 1 ? . 

3, Antitype discalis sp. nov. 

S. Head wood-buif; antennae serrate, pale yellowish brown; thorax wood- 
bull', powdered with grey ; abdomen grey, slightly powdered with butf, and tuft 

dull buff. Forewing bright wood-buft', with a large wedge-shaped patch of dark 

sooty grey occupying nearly entire disc of wing, and running to base in costal 
area ; this patch is edged with black dots, and there is a wide indistinct grey 

submarginal band. Hindwing creamy white, with central curved indistinct 

brown line. 

Length of forewing : 2(1 mm. 

Hab. Batna, Algeria, September 1910 (V. Faroult). 1 S. 

4. Antitype hagar sp. nov. 

This species is allied to .4. rebecca Stgr. 

(?. Palpi and head greyish wood-brown ; antennae very strongly serrated, 
orange wood-lirown ; thorax greyish wood-brown ; abdomen pale yellowish wood- 



( 126) 

brown. Forewing yellowish wood-brown, with four irregular dark grey zigzag 

lines across wing, and a snbmarginal, indistinct, grey band of arrow-head spots. 

Hind wing pale brownish wood-yelldw, with a slightly darker median and snbmedian 
band. 

Length of forewing : 20 mm. 

Hab. Bon Saada, Algeria, April 19—23, 1911 (V. Faronlt). 1 J. 

5. Eublemma mozabitica sp. nov. 

? . Head white ; antennae grey ; thorax pale grey ; shoulders white ; al)domen 

monse-grey. Forewing lavender grey, basal half powdered with brown scales, 

a median golden bronzy brown, transverse band bordered broadly outside with 
white ; a postmedian similarly coloured strongly zigzag band edged outwardly 

with silver grey : a white snbmarginal band. Hiudwing pale mouse-grey, with 

white snbmarginal band, basal third darker, and a band of dark mouse-grey 
running in from tornus to vein 4. 

Length of forewing : 11 mm. 

Hab. Ghardaia, Mzab Valley, Algeria, April 19, 1911 (W. Rothschild and 
E. Hartert). 3 ? ?. 

6. Spintherops roseata sp. nov. 

S . Head and thorax bright rosy wood-brown ; antennae brown ; abdomen 

brownish grej'-white. Forewing bright rosy wood-brown, slightly powdered 

with grey scales ; a row of six black spots on costa ; an antemedian and a median 
serpentine, transverse, narrow blackish baud ; a sooty stigma, and an interrupted 
black, zigzag, transverse postmedian band ; a thin, sooty marginal hair-line.—— 
Hindwing brownish grey-white on basal half, dark sooty monse-grey on onter half ; 
a dark grey median band, and fringe whitish. 

Length of forewing : 19 mm. 

Hab. Ghardaia, Mzab Valley, Algeria, April 20—22, 1911 (W. Rothschild 
and E. Hartert), 2 (?<? ; El Kantara, South Algeria (W. R. and E. H.), ASS. 

GEOMETRIDAE. 
7. Crocalis fuliginosa sp. nov. 

c?. Head and thorax wood-grey ; antennae pale brown ; abdomen yellowish 

wood-grey. Forewing pale wood-grey, powdered slightly with darker grey ; 

a central band of sooty black occupying the central third of wing, widest at 
costal half, where it is powdered densely with brown-grey, showing a distinct black 
stigma. Hindwing wood-grey, with dark sooty grey sinnous median band. 

Length of forewing : 22 mm. 

Hab. Batna, Algeria (Nelva coll.). 

8. Fidonia nelvae sp. nov. 

?. Head and thorax brown, powdered with yellowish white scales; antennae 
whitish ; abdomen dark brown, with central pale strii)e, and powdered with 
yellowish white. Forewing yellowish white, banded with live irregular dark 



( 127 ) 

brown bands, and in basal halt' with brownish I'reukles. Hindwing duller and 

dirtier yellowish white, banded and clouded with dark brown. 

(S similar, but much more clouded, and markings much less distinct. 

Length of forewing : 12 — 15 mm. 

IM. Batna, Algeria (Nelva coll.). 4 ? ? 1 S. 

'••. Hemerophila harterti sji. nov. 

cJ. Head, thorax, and abdomen dark brown ; antennae pale brown. Fore- 
wing reddish wood-brown, with five more or less oblique dark brown bands ; a black 
oblique band from apex to middle of inner margin ; a stigmatic black dot and a 

pale wood-brown patch at apex. Hindwing paler rufous wood-brown, with slight 

darker shadow lines in basal third ; discocellular dot ; two postmediau dark brown 
transverse bands ; a black, hair-like marginal line, and pale fringes. 

Length of forewing : IS mm. 

Hub. El Kantara, .South Algeria, March 25, 1911 (W. Rothschild and E. 
Hartert). 2 (?c?. 

10. Cidaria bertrandi sp. nov. 

cT. Head, thorax, and abdomen greyish yellow-buflf, mixed and powdered with 
black, and covered with a number of zigzag brownish transverse hair-lines ; a 
broad median dark grey tran.sverse band occupies central third of wing, within 

which are again a number of zigzag darker hair-lines. Hindwing wood-grey, 

with faint darker shadowy hair-lines. 

Length of forewing : 14 mm. 

Ila/j. El Kantara, South Algeria, March 21, 11)11 (W. Rothschild and E. 
Hartert). 4 <S6. 



( 128 ) 



SOME NEW SPHINGIDAE. 

Hy tmk Hon. W. ROTHSCHII-D and K. JORDAN. 

1. Praedora marshalli tropicalis subsjiec. nov. 

S. Major qnain P. m. marshalli R. & J. (11)03), corpore et alis anticis colore 
rn'oTO inagis extenso, palpornm segmento Patqnc alarum posticarura dimidio basali 
pallidioribus. 

Long. al. ant. "-'3 mm. 

3 cJ(J from Uganda, in Mus. Brit. 

The iipperside of the thorax and abdomen more extended black than in 
P. m. mar.shalli R. k J., Xoc. Zool. ix. Snppl. p. 50. tab. 5. fig. 16. S (1903), from 
Mashonaland and N'Gami, the patagia being almost entirely deeji black. The first 
segment of the palpi has the ventral edge and the inside cream-colour, the base of 
the second also being more or less of the same colour. The blackish rings on the 
hindtibia are somewhat more distinct than in P. m. marshalli. The interspace 
between the two discal lines of the forewing is more or less filled in with black, so 
that a large black or blackish patch surrounds the apex of the cell, joining the 
antemedian lines below the cell ; upon this patch or cloud follows a fawn-coloured 
band, which is diffuse on the proximal side and bounded by a black and irregularly 
undulate line on the discal side ; before the margin a row of black anguliform spots ; 
the apex suffused with black, the fringes spotted with grey. Hiiulwing clayish buff 
])roximally, blackish distally, with an indistinct blackish baud on the disc and 
another before the margin. 

2. Polyptychus spurrelli spec. nov. (Text-figs. 1 and 2.) 

S. P. retuso R. & J. (1908) simillimus, sed thorace sine stria fusca mediaua 
et armatnra copulatrice valde di versa distinguendus. 

Long. al. ant. 33 mm. 

1 S from Bibianaha, Gold Coast, 70 miles N.W. of Dimkwa, TOO ft., October 17. 
1909 (H. G. F. Spurrell), in Mus. Brit. Named in honour of the collector. 

The body and wings are drab grey both in this species and retusus R. & J., 
iVor. Zool. p. 259. n. 3 (1908), and the markings of the wings are almost exactly the 
same in the two species. In spurrelli, however, there is no blackish median stripe 
on the head and thorax, and the forewing is a little broader, with the apex a 
trifle less produced than in retusus. Fore- and midlegs as in retusus (hindlegs 
wanting). Abdomen without spines, scales narrow. 

Forewing, on the upperside, with a small but conspicuous black-brown subbasal 
dot; between this dot aud the snuili clayish discocellular dot three undulate lines 
curving costad in front, on the disc ihrec similar Hues followed at some distance by 
a fourth, all accentuated at the costal and inner margins ; a row of faint submarginal 
dots commences with a rather large subapical, costal, somewhat diflf'use and triangular 

blackish sjiot; fringes fuscous. Hindwiug darker than forewing, with an elongate 

blackish jiatch in front of thealidominal margin, a small bluckish anal spot jireceded 
by a faint, short, anguliform line and a row of extremely weak submarginal dots. 



( 129 ) 

On unrlcrside broccoli-brown, the distal margins of liotli wings greyish white; 
on the forewing a snbmarginal row of blackish vein-dots and proximally to this row 

two brown lines and traces of two others. Hindwing with a faint clayish tone ; 

between apex of cell and distal margin four lines ; anal angle blackish. 

Eighth tergite on inner side wirhont a lielt of friction-scales, and the claspers 
without a patch of modified scales, both the belt and the patch being present in 
rettisus, the former being visible in that species without dissection. Anal tergite 
tapering to a point ; sternite absent as a distinct sclerite. ( !lasper short and broad 
(text-fig. 1), apically divided into a short ronnded lower lobe (L') and a long dorsal 
one (L-). This dorsal lobe is cnrved ventrad and also mesiad. Text-tig. 2 gives a 
view of the apex of the clasper from a basal direction, so that the upper and lower 




Figs. 1 and 2. — Polyptyclius sprirrelli. 
Fig, 3. — „ refusim. 



edges of the long lobe are in a plane. From the upper edge of the clasper a broad 
truncate and denticulate lobe projects obliquely ventrad, the edge of this lobe being 
continued distad anil extitiuling as a low ridge diagonally across the long ajiical lolie. 
The penis-sheath, which in J', rr/i/sz/.s bears a very long recurved process, has a 
broad oblique belt of teeth in spurreUi, the belt being open on the shorter and less 
strongly chitinised side of the sheath. 

The clasper of /'. retinus R. & J. (lOnS), which we figure for (■(ini2)arison 
(text-tig. :\), is much hmger and narrower than in P. spiirrelli ; its apical margin is 
but feebly chitinised, somewhat swollen and very densely scaled ; the armature 
consists of a conical thornlike process which lies partly concealed in the scaling 
of the ventral margin and projects from a ridge as indicated in the figure. The anal 
tergite of retusus is much more sharply pointed than in sjiunrl/i, and there is in 



( 130 ) 

that species a triangular, mesially incised sternite which bears two hairy lougitudiiiiil 
folds on the nnder surface. 

:?. Polyptychus cymatodes spec. nov. (Text-fig. 4). 

cj. r. falcato R. & J. (11)03) siiuilis, major, aiiteuuis miilto breviuribiis 
gracilioribnsqiie, alaram anticarnm lineis transversis multo raagis undulatis seu 
dentatis, liiiea discali collulae subapproximata valde crenata. 

Long. al. aiit. 39 mm. 

2 SS, one from Ilesha, S. Nigeria, ti/pe (L. E. H. Humfrey), the other from 
Bibianaha, Gold Coast, TO miles N.W. of Dimkwa, 700 ft, November 27, 1010 
(H. G. F. Spurrell) ; in Mus. Brit. 

Grey, the palpi, umlerside of forewing and ujiperside of hindwing more or less 
washed with fuscous, as is also the upperside of the forewiug from the inner discal 
line to the margin. Body stout, without markings. Antenna of the same type as 
in P. retiisxs R. & J. (lOOS), short and slender for such a large insect, almost 
sotiform, prismatical, the sides not dentate. I'alpi a little smaller tlian iti the cJ of 
falcatus R. & J- (1903), much less broad distally than in retusus, joint open. 
Tongue short and slender, if rolled np not visible between the palpi. Legs as in 
falcatus, the spurs being very much longer than in retusus. 

Forewing more strongly falcate than in fulcatus S , the distal margin excised 
in front of vein M-, hind angle more strongly lobate than in falcatus; subbasal 
double dot small ; a band of three antemedian transverse lines as in falcatus, but 
the lines more broken at the veins ; discocellular spot faint ; the interspaces 
between the three jiroximal diseal lines narrow and filled in with fnscons, so that 
a narrow fuscous band is formed, which is, on the proximal side, rather decjjly 
indented on all the veins and much more shar2)ly defined than on the distal side ; 
about halfway between the proximal edge of this band and the distal margin a 
dentate line, followed nearer the margin by a row of faint dots; the markings at 
the excision of the hiudmargiu not quite so prominent as in P. muriitus Roths. 

(1904). Anal angle of hindwing more j)rodnced than \a falcatus, at M' a distinct 

tooth ; a dentate median line and halfway between it and the distal margin a more 
strongly dentate one, both about ]iarallel with the margin : at anal angle traces of 
two more lines and f'urtlier costally some faint subniarginal dots ; fringes pale. 

Underside with dentiite lines in the outer half, as usual in tiiis group of sjiecies ; 
on the forewing three discal ones near one another, rather diffuse and almost 
straight, the inner one of them slightly curving distad at the costal margin and 
the outer one costad, the interspace between this baud of lines and the postdiscal 
line not (juite so wide as the interspace between the first and third discal lines, 

distal margin grey, this colour almost sharply bounded anteriorly by SC*. 

Hindwing paler than forewing, with a row of minute submarginal dots and two 
fairly ])rorainent lines, between which there are traces of two more lines. 

Eighth abdominal tergite without a ribbon of friction-scales inside, the clasper 
likewise without friction-scales. Anal tergite almost gradually narrowed, being an 
elongate-triangular process, distinctly curved downward in the centre and then 
gently upward, the tip, which is rounded-truncate, being slightly bent down again ; 
the njipcr surface with a deep median groove from the base to beyond the centre ; 
the underside of the process convex. Anal sternite absent as a distinct sclerite. 
Clasper (test-fig. 4) long and narrow, strongly widened basally on the ventral side ; 



( 131 ) 

a longitudinal fold ends near the middle of the ventral margin in a sharp spinelike 
tooth, a similar tooth stands farther distally, and the apes of the clasper is also 
modified into a sharp long spinelike process, this process and the second tooth are 
strongl}' curved ; the dorsal edge of the clasper bears several small spinelike teeth. 
The penis-sheath has no sj^ecial armature ; the longer side is distall}' incrassate, 
but does not bear teeth, and, although prolonged, is not produced into a free process 
projecting much beyond the edge of the orifice. 

The genital armature of the second S, from the Gold Coast, somewhat differs 
in detail. The anal tergite is less incurved centrally and tapers more gradually, 
especially at the apex, which is rather broader than in the t\'pe. The second tooth 




Fig. 4. — PolypfychuK cymatotlca, 
5. — ,, falcatns. 



of the clasper is not longer than the first and hardly at all curved ; the apes of the 
clasper is less prolonged and much less curved than in the type ; on the other hand 
the clasper is broader before the apex and the dorsal teeth are much larger than 
in the type. 

Having only one specimen from each locality, it is impossible to say whether 
these differences are individual or geographical. 

The genital armature of /'. fnlcatus agrees with that of cymalodes only as 
regards the penis-sheath and the absence of friction-scales on the clasper and the 
inside of the eiglith tergite. The anal tergite ])ointed ; the sternitc a low but 

9 



( 132 ) 

distinct transverse ridge, brown at the edges, mesially dividcnl. Clasper (test-fig. 5 
widely ditfereut from that of ojmatofles, being broad and short, veutrally angalate, 
apically ronnded with the edges swollen and but feebly chitiuised, apical two-thirds 
of inner snrface very densely covered with long hair-scales ; from the upper margin 
near the base projects a very long gradnally tapering process curving distad and 
downward, being hairy beneath. 

4. Polyptychus molitor spec. nov. 

?. Snbalbus, alis aiiticis corporeqne snbtns pallide hiteis, tibiis tarsisqne 
pallide ochraceis; alis anticis lineis quatnor transversis fulvo-olivaceis rectis fere 
parallelis ornatis, apice parum prodacto, margine distali in medio couvexo; posticis 
dnabns lineis obsolescentibus notatis. 

Long. al. ant. 43 mm. 
¥ from Ibi, Benne R., N. Nigeria (H. A. Foy) ; in Mus. Brit. 

Clayish cream-colonr, the sides of the body almost white ; the tibiae and tarsi 
of a pale ochraceous tone. Palpi small, second segment hardly broader than first, 
a little lunger than wide (lateral aspect), third segment two-thirds the second in 
length as well as width, joint slightly open. Antenna prismatic, with long seriateil 
cilia; the segments dorso-laterally rounded-dilated, therefore the antenna festooned 
(= inversely crenate) in a dorsal view. Tongue very weak and short. Tibiae 
spinose, the spines numerons, excepting the npperside of the hindtibia, which bears 
hardly any spines ; longest spur of hindtibia about two-fifths the length of the first 
hindtarsal segment. Abdomen above with numerous weak, pale ochraceous spines 
at the edges of the segments, such spines being also found on the surface of the 
segments underneath the scaling. 

Forewing pointed, the distal margin concave below the apex and less so in 
front of the hind angle, being convex from SC' to near M- ; four tawny-olive lines 
cross the wing from the costal to the hind margins, all narrow, well-defined and 
straight, only the fourth being very feebly bent outward before the centre, line 1 
placed proximally and line '2, distally to base of M-, distance between these two 
lines 5*5 mm. at anterior margin of cell and 3 mm. at hind margin of wing, lines 3 
and 4 parallel, 3 crossing subcostals at point of origin of SC and reaching hind 
margin 26 mm. from base, line 4 being 5 mm. distant from line 4 ; distal margin 

washed with fuscous ; on discocellulars an inconspicuous pale dot. Hindwing 

likewise entire, with two very faint parallel lines from abdominal margin forward, 
disappearing in front, the inner one close to lower angle of cell. 

Underside differs from upper especially in the absence of the two proximal 
lines on the forewing; the two discal lines are a little more curved than above 
and also more distal in position ; the distal marginal area not washed with fuscous. 

The lines of the hindwing distinct, the inner one nearly 2 mm. distant from 

cell, more strongly curved costally than the outer one, anal angle slightly washed 
with fuscous tawny ; extreme edge of both the fore- and hindwing (not the fringes) 
pale tawny ochraceous ; lower angle of cell of hindwing less produced than in 
I', falcatus, returns, and allied species. 

5. Marumba juvencus spec. nov. (Text-fig. 6). 

cJ ? ; M. dijrndi Walk. (1656) signaturis similis, antennis setiformibus 
brevioribus et gracilioribus. Alis anticis angnstioribiis margine distali lougiore, 



( 133 ) 

alis posticis nigro-bruaaeis absque colore fiilva; aaticis siibtns area apicali iiigro- 
brannea bene expressa. 

Long. al. ant. 48 — 50 mm. 

2 (J (J from the Malay Peninsula (Malay States), ^y/ie, received from Messrs. 
Staudinger and Bang-Haas, 1 S from Bau Presidency, Sarawak, collected by 
H. S. Young, in whose honour we name the interesting species, and 1 ? from 
Batang Proepoe, Padang Boveulanden, West Sumatra ; in Mns. Tring. 

cJ. The forewing agrees in shape more with that of M. spectahiUs than with 
the forewing of M. di/ras, being obvionsly narrower than in the latter, with a longer 
and more oblique distal margin ; the ground-colour is a more uniform and darker 
wood-brown, while the lines are the same as in clyras. The hindwing is blackish 
burnt-umber- colour, with the costal area and a large anal patch pale wood-brown, 
the tawny tone of (Jiji-as being entirely absent. 

On the underside each wing bears two prominent lines, while the other lines 
are faint; the apical area of the forewing and the anal patch of the hindwing are 
dark burnt-umber-colour, as is also the underside of the palpi. 




FlQ. 6. — Maruniba juveiicus. 



As regards stractuTe,- juvencus 6 differs from di/i-as chiefly in the antenna and 
genitalia. The former are decidedly shorter and especially thinner. The aual 
tergite is longer than in di/ras, and narrower in its apical two-thirds, the apex 
of the two lobes, however, being round as in di/ras. The anal sternite is elongate- 
triangular, with the tip rounded off. The dorsal margin of the clasper (text-fig. 6) 
terminates in a dagger-like process (S-), which projects into the concavity of the 
inner surface of the broad apical lobe S'. The harpe (H) is long and curved 
upwards, extending beyond the dorsal margin (of the denuded clasper). The double 
process (P) situated above the penis-sheath is rough with small teeth. 

?. Body and wings somewhat more clayish in tone than the c?. The dorsal 
line on thorax and al)domen as well marked as in the <J, and decidedly more 
prominent than in di/ras. The underside of the wiugs much brighter than in 
the c?, the apical area of the forewing and the anal marginal patch of the hindwing 
as large as in the S, but like the underside of the palpi rather brighter brown, the 
anal patch being wider than in di/ras. 

The genital armature almost exactly as in M. di/ras javanica Butl. (1875), 
cf. R. & J., Uetis. of ^S/ihingidae, j). 2T0. tab. 18. f. 18 (1903). 



( 134) 

6. Macroglossum spilonotum spec. nov. 

S ? . Olivaceo-brnniienm, capitc thoiaceijne vitta nigro-brannea postice obsoleta 
notatis, patagiis etiam uigro-brunneis ; abdotnine in dorso duabns seriebns macnlarnni 
nigrarnm bene exjiressarum atqne in lateribns dnabns luacnlis flavis et tribns 
castaneis signato ; covpore infra castaneo, palpis subfiiscis. Ali§ anticis lineis 
transversis iiigris signatis, area marginali triangnlari plus mimisve nigra ; posticis 
fascia flava mediana bene expressa angusta ornatis. Alarum pagina inferiors 
castanea, area abdominali alarum posticarnm flava conspicua. 

Long. al. {int. 31 mm. 

A small series ot 6 d from Mt. Goliatb, Snow Mts., Southern Dutch New 
Guinea, January and February 1911 (A. S. Meek) ; in Mns. Tring. 

The npperside of the head and thorax have a greyish tint, so that the median 
stripe as well as the large patch of the patagia stand out distinctly. The metanotum 
is dark brown excepting the centre. The third to seventh abdominal tergites bear 
each a pair of black spots at the base which are very jirominent, the interspace 
between the two rows being 2-.5 mm. wide; segment >S has a black median spot; 
at the sides of segments 3 and 4 a transverse yellow sjiot, which is contiguous 
with a basal transverse black spot ; at the sides of segment 2 some yellow hair- 
scales ; the chestnut side-spots of segments 5 — 7 rather prominent ; fan-tail of 
the same dark brown colour as the body ; side-tnfts of segments 3 — 6 tipped 
with white. 

Underside of body dull chestnut. Second segment of palpi olivaceous ; ventral 
border of eye white ; abdomen without grey median patches. Antenna slender. 

Vpperside of forewing with the same greyish flush as the head and thorax; 
antemedian pair of lines onrving bnsad posteriorly, and the posterior half of the 
space between them filled in with brownish black ; no distinct discocellnlar spot ; 
the pair of discal lines distinct, curving costad anteriorly ; from the hind angle of 
the wing a diffuse black band extends forward to II-, being here continued basad 
so as to reach the inner discal line, and also apicad reaching the black submarginal 
spot which stands between the two lower snbcostals, which spot touches the black 
marginal spot placed below the apex ; the distal margin blackish brown ; the 

costal area near apex brighter brown than the rest of the wing. Hindwing 

brownish black ; tlio yellow band slightly incurved, widest in front of the anal 
angle, almost of even widtii from the snlimedian fold forward, measuring 2';j — 3 mm. 
in the centre, being narrower than the black basal area. 

L7if/tvi«/(> chestnut, brighter than the body ; forewing with a black submarginal 
line elbowed in the centre, and some indistinct discal lines ; basal half shaded 
with fuscous.— — Hindwing with three rather well marked brown lines on disc, 
base not yellow, the yellow abdominal area sharply defined, extending from near 
abdominal edge to submedian fold and almost reaching anal angle, the latter 
blackish. 

Anal tergitc of c? tapering, the tip moderately acuminate : anal sternite very 
slightly narrowing towards the apex, which is rounded, (,'lasper without friction- 
scales on outer surface ; harpe slender, nearly reaching to middle of ventral edge of 
clasper, slightly curved upwards distally, the tip subacuminate. Process of jjcnis- 
sheath lying along edge of orifice, encircling the same for about two-fiftlis, the 
proximal margin and tip of the process denticulate. 

In facies recalling M. semifasciata Hamps. (1892). 



( 135) 

T. Hippotion aporodes spec nov. 

S. H. celerioni valde affinis, magis nigrescens, alls snbtns densft nigro irroratis, 
alarum anticarnm fascia fusca postdiscali late Interrnpta. 

3 <?(? from Bibianalia, Gold (Joast, 70 miles N.W. of Diinkwa, TdO ft., October 
and November 1909 (H. G. F. Spnrrell) ; in Mus. Brit. 

We do not find an}' strnctural diflerence from the S c? of //. celerlo, but the 
distinctions in colour are the same in all three S S. The upper surface is a deeper 
brownish-black, the light spots on the sides of the abdomen are less pronounced, 
and the underside is darkened by dispersed black scales. The light band of the 
forewing is less silvery than in //. celerio and bears two brown lines. Outside this 
band there is in celerio an olive band in which a black line is situated that terminates 
at a black inner-marginal spot. This olive band is replaced in the new species by 
two lines, the proximal one being continuous and forming the outer border of the 
pale band, while the distal one is heavy from the apex of the wing to beyond R^ 
and thence very thin. The discal band of the hindwing is narrow and brighter 
red than in //. celerio, the proximal red area having likewise a deeper tone than in 
that species. 

On the underside the hindwing and the costal margin and disc of the forewing 
are much more prominently speckled with blackish olive, and the distal margins of 
both wings as well as tbe proximal two-thirds of the forewing are deejjer olive than 
in celerio. 



ON THE TERM " SUBSPECIES " AS USED IN SYSTEMATIC 

ZOOLOGY. 

By the Hon. WALTER ROTHSCHILD, Ph.D., F.R.S. 

IN his Etudes de Lepidoptcrologie Compare'e, Fascicule V. (I" Partie) (1911), 
Monsieur Charles Oberthiir has published (pp. 307-13) some notes by 
Monsieur Alph^raky on the terms employed or proposed by Monsieur Semenov 
Tian-Shansky in his work on " The Species and its Subdivisions." To these 
Monsieur Oberthiir has written a preftico " Subspecies and Morpha " (pp. 
303-6). 

I do not as a rule like to rush into print on " nomenclatorial questions " in the 
abstract, but I feel obliged here to join issue both with my friend M. Oberthiir 
and with M. Alphiraky. M. Oberthiir raises objections to the term Subspecies 
because, he says, it denotes "species in the making" — i.e. not yet completely 
dissociated from the parent Species or Stock. He declares that while, during the 
many years he has studied insects, he has found always "Geographical Races" 
and "Individual Aberrations," he has never been able to trace any species showing 
evolutionary change in progress. Moreover he is most emphatic that it is impossible 
to say which is the oldest of a number of geographical races of a single species ; and 
that we cannot tell how a given species arose. What I wish to point out is that 
the term "Subspecies" is used by myself, and I think also by most modern 
systematic zoologists, to replace the term " Varietas geographica " and not neces- 
sarili/ to denote a "Species in the making." Monsieur AlphiTaky, however, does 



( l^f5 ) 

not object to tbe term " Subspecies " quite ou the same grounds as ]\Ionsienr 
Oberthiir. His objections take the line that as a snbstitute for "Varietas 
geographica " it does not express its meaning so clearly, and as a consequence of 
its modern use is likely to dangerously affect tiie stability of nomenclature. To this 
I have to reply that on the contrary I and most of those who employ "Subspecies " 
as a .Vfstematic term are contributing to lessen confusion. In the lOO or 170 years 
since the time of Linnaens the term varietas has been indiscriminately used to mean 
either a " geographical race " or a mere " iiuliviilnal aberration." As Monsieur 
Alphdraky rightly says, Dr. Standiuger was the first modern systematist to, as it 
were, fix more strictly the meaning of " Varietas " ; but although some of the more 
prominent Palaearctic Xepidopterists have more or less closely followed him, 
unfortunately zooliM/iats in i/enrral have continned to misuse this term " Varietas " 
so much thsit it is almost impossible to clear up the confusion. 

It is for this reason that I and most other modern systematists maintain that 
the terms "Varietas," "Variety," "Varietat," " Variete," must be excluded from 
our nomenclature as misleading, and we have substituted for them the two terms 
" Snbspecies " and "Aberration" which cannot be mistaken one for the other. 
When Bates adopted the term "Subspecies" in 1801 I am of opinion that he 
meant it to convey the meaning of a " Species iu the making," but I can certainly 
sj)eak for myself, and I believe for most of the other users also, when I say that the 
terra as now understood is merely a substitute for " Varietas geographica " and 
not at all necessarily used as meaning a species not yet qnite fixed. I wish here 
also once more to emphasise that the acknowledged modern method of writing sub- 
specific names trinomially — thus, '■'■Papilio machann hippocratett''' — has also been often 
most wrongly applied and understood. Trinomials can alone be used for denoting 
Subspecies or Local Races, never for Individual Aberrations, as has been done 
jiersistently by Monsieur Oberthiir and many others. 



(137) 

FORMOSAN ANTHBIBTBAE COLLECTED BY H. SAUTER. 

By Dr. K. JORDAN. 

'T^HE only species of Anthribidae recorded from Formosa is Sintor fasciatus 
-L Jord. (1903). The collection made by Herr H. Sauter on that island and 
submitted to me by the Dentsehes Entomologisches Mnseum in Berlin contains no 
less than thirty-one species. Two of them are represented only by an imperfect 
specimen each, not good enough for description or identification and therefore not 
mentioned in the following list. 

As must be expected, some of the species are either identical with those known 
from Japan on the one hand and Tonkin on the other, or are modifications of them. 
The Anthribid fauna of China is hardly at all touched, only a very few forms being 
known from that country. Considering the number of species found in Japan, the 
present collection from Formosa no doubt represents only a fraction of the species 
which actually inhabit that island, but it contributes nevertheless so much to our 
knowledge of the distribution of this family that a list of the captures deserves 
publication. 

The types of the new forms are in the D. Ent. Mus. 

1. Acorynus anchis spec. nov. 

c??. Niger, rostro et pagina inferiore corporis dense luteo tomentosis ; 
protborace fortiter pnnctato, lougitudine latiore, supra vitta meiliana angusta plus 
minusve interrnpta, ntrinque gutta discali atque tribus maculis lateralibus luteis 
signato ; elytris area magna basali fere ad suturae medium extensa antice nigro 
maculata ut area apicali magna lutea, macula transversa raediana dorsali in utroi^ue 
elytro griseo-lutea notata ; pedibns nigro-brunneis, tibiis luteo biannulatis, inter- 
mediis in i ad apicem mucronatis, tarsornm articulo 1° apice luteo. 

Long. (cap. excl.) 5"5 — 7"5 mm. 

1 S and 5 ? ? from Koserapo, Fuhosho and Taihoriusho. 

Allied to A. tonkinanm Jord. (1904), but much less robust. Rostrum only 
^ to i longer than broad, rather flat, with five prominent carinas. Frons narrowing 
anteriorly, in S half the width of and in ? a little wider than the interspace between 
two dorsal carinae of the rostrum. Occiput with large brownish black triangular 
patch. Antennae rufescent at the joints, segments 8 and 10 very short. Carina of 
thorax laterally extending forward in an even curve, i caching to the middle of the 
side, straight dorsally ; the pnncturation of the prothorax above and beneath rather 
coarse ; there is a transverse depression in front of the centre, but no channel ; the 
clay median stripe is interrupted before the middle and widened at and behind the 
carina. The large basal Inteous area of the elytra is truncate at the suture and 
consists of a number of confluent spots, the black interspaces between the spots 
being more or less large at and near the base ; behind shonlder-angle a spot rather 
paler than the dorsal part of the clay area ; the solitary median spot usually expands 
between interspaces 'Z and and is often broken up ; the clay apical area hears on 
each elytrum a ramificating black spot and is 'somewhat produced forward at the 
suture. The clay pygidium has a diffuse black median stripe. 



(138^ 

2. Litocerus paviei Lesne (1891). 
1 (J from Fuhoslio. 



3. Litocerus sticticus Jnrd. (1904). 

1 c? from Fuliosho and 1 ? from Kosempo. 

Origiaally described from a single c? from Tonkin. The Formosan c? agrees 
well with the type, with the excej)tion of the antenna, whose clnb is slenderer than 
in the type and shorter, segments 9 and 10 not being longer than 8. In the ? from 
Formosa 8 is much shorter than 9. 

4. Litocerus dysallus spec. nov. 

S % ■ L. stictico minor, macnlis magis numerosis, elytris profundius striatis, 
tibiis griseo biannnlatis, 3 segmento 1° abdomiuali sine tnberculo. 

Long. (cap. excl.) 5-5 — 6 mm. 

3 c?<J, 2 ? ? from Hoozan. 

Above blackish brown, with yellowish grey markings. Frous anteriorly in S 
narrower and in ? rather wider than the diameter of the first antennal segment. 
Segment 3 of antenna nearly half as long again as 4, this abont as long as 9, 8 in 
i one-third and in ? oue-half shorter than 9, 10 shorter and 11a little longer 
than 9. 

The basal median spot of the pronotnm continued forward to the transverse 
groove by a thin line, to which is joined at the carina a transverse line that extends 
to one-third the way between central line and sides, its ends projecting ublinnely 
forward and outward, lateral carina bordered with yellowish grey, dorsal spots 
otherwise as in L. sticticus, punctaration distinct. 

On the elytra a spot at basal third of interspaces 5 and 6 and another behind 
middle of 2, 3 and 4, as well as the spots at the lateral margin, larger than in 
L. sticticus ; on the other hand, the rounded spot in middle of interspaces 7 and 8 
of L. sticticus replaced in di/saUus by a thin line or spot situated in stripe 7. 

Upperside of tibiae grey at basal third and near a{)ex. 

5. Litocerus bicuspis spec. nov. 

c?. Niger, supra cinereo maculatus, snbtus totns cinerens. Rostro ad basin sub- 
cylindrico, quinque-carinato. Antennarum articulis 3'° — 8° clava distineta compressa 
mnlto gracilioribns, 9" — 11° inter se snbaequalibns, 8" dnplo longioribns. Pronoto 
pnnctato, carinae angnlo laterali fere recto apice rotnndato. Abdominis segmentis 
1" et 2° penicillo flavescente mediaiio instrnctis. Tibiis griseo biannnlatis. 

Long. (cap. excl.) 6'5 mm. 

3 J c? from Fuhosho and Hoozan. 

Head and rostrum cinereous, the central area of the occiput black, triangular, 
penetrating in between the eyes. The frons narrowing anteriorly, being here one- 
third narrower than the interspaces between the dorsal carinae of the rostrum. The 
latter basally thicker than usually, distinctly porrect, with the antennal grooves 
nearer the apex than the base. Segment 3 of the antenna nearly half as long again 
as 4, 4 to 6 slightly decreasing in length, 7 as long as 6 and longer than 8, which 
is half as long as 9 (= 10 = 11). 

Pronotnm punctate ; between transverse groove and basal edge a median spot 
which is anteriorly trii)artite, preceded by an apical ovate spot, an isolated small 



( 139) 

spot at each end of the transverse groove, all grey with a slight yellowisli tone, 
sides likewise broadly grey with or without a hlack spot between lateral carina and 
apical margin. The angle of the carina slightly obtnse, its apex rounded off. 
Elytra shorter than in the preceding species, depressed at the satnre, strongly 
pnnctate-striate, all the markings sharply defined and prominent on the black 
gronnd, no long lines in the stripes, the spots on the declivous apical area not con- 
tinent, a spot situated between basal margin and subbasal callosity and a postmedian 
dorsal spot are the largest, next in size comes a marginal spot behind shoulder ; the 
postmedian spot posteriorly incised in fourth interspace ; there are on each elytrum 
about twenty to twenty-three spots altogether. Pygidium with a narrow grey lateral 
stripe. The two brushes of 3'ellowish hair on the first and second abdominal segments 
are a very distinctive characteristic of this species. The upper side of the tibia is 
black for the greater part, except near the base and beyond the middle. 

6. Litocerus communis spec. nov. 

(??. 7y. crucicoUi Jord. (1895) statura similis. Rostro (juinque-carinato. 
Antennarum (c?) articulis 5° — 1 1° aequilongis, 'i" — 11" incrassatis. Pronoto lateribns 
minute punctato, carina rotundatim antrorsnm flexa hand angulata. Segmento 1° 
abdominali {S) tuberculo instrncto. 

Long. (cap. excl.) 5-3 — 7-6 mm. 

A long series of both sexes from Taihoriusho, Fnhosho, Hoozan, Kosempo and 
Alikong. 

Black, pubescent clayish grey, bases of proximal antennal segments reddish. 
Rostrum as in L. crucicoUis Jord. (1S95), but the frons broader in both sexes, 
narrowing anteriorly, being in S somewhat wider than the first antennal segment, 
and in ? as broad as the interspace between the two lateral carinas of the rostrum. 
The brownish occipital area penetrates well in between the eyes. Segments 3 to 
11 of antennae in t? of the same thickness, i.e. all being flattened, segment 3 
gradually narrowing to the base, half as long again as 4, 5 to 11 slightly shorter and 
all of nearly equal size ; in ¥ the club distinct and 3 one-fourth longer than 4, and 
7 one-fourth longer than 8. The markings of the pronotum somewhat variable in 
extent ; the mesial vitta strongly constricted at the transverse groove, at the ends of 
this groove a spot which is anteriorly connected with the vitta by a curved line, in 
front of the carina at each side of the vitta an obliipie linear spot, lateral area of 
pronotum greyish yellow, its upper edge almost straight, but usually incised in the 
centre, at and in front of the lateral carina an irregular black line ; the carina evenly 
curved forward at sides, not forming an angle. Elytra rather strongly striate, 
depressed along the suture, the greyish yellow lines and sjjots more or less merged 
together at the base and apex, an ante- and a postmedian space black and enclosing 
a greyish yellow spot, which extends from interspaces 2 to 6 and is twice sinuate 
behind. 

Underside uniformly yellowish grey, without black spots on abdomen. Femora 
with the exception of a postmedian spot and the tip, an antemedian ring on the 
tibiae, the base of tarsal segment 1 and nearly the entire segment 2 yellowish grey. 

7. Tropideres roelofsi poecilus subsp. nov. 

c? ? . Vitta mediana prothoracis lata, elytrorum macula anteriore nigra antice 
valde ol)li(jua, macula posteriore ad striam quartam extensa, inter hanc maculam et 



( 140) 

sntnram macnla minnta, tibiis ante et post medinm annnlo Inteo notatis, inter hos 
annulos cinnamomeis. Omnilms niacnlis nigris hiteo-uiarginatis. 

4 (^ c? and 3 ? ? from Fnbosbo and Hoozan. 

Darker red-brown than T. r. roelofsi Lewis (1879), the black markings smaller, 
the median vitta of the pronotnm and the interspace between the two large black 
patches of the el^vtra broader. The postmedian spot, which stands isolated in the 
third interspace in pocciltis, is united with the black postmedian patch in roelofsi. 

8. Tropideres signellus spec. nov. 

c? ? . T. roelo/si affinis. Niger, deusissime griseo-lntco tomentosus, prouoto 
dnabns vittis dorsalibns atqne nonnnllis gattis lateralibns nigris signato, elytris 
duabns fasciis ad sntnram constrictis irregnlaribns etmacnlis basalibus apicalibnsqne 
nigris notatis ; tibiis basi apiceqne nigris, tarsis nigris, articnlo 1° fere toto griseo- 
Inteo. 

Long. (cap. excl.) : 5 mm. 

3 cJ (? and 3 ? ? from Fnhosho. 

The chitin is rnfescent at those places which are covered with a dense claj'ish 
pubescence, the antennae also being slightly rnfescent at the joints. Strnctnre of 
head and rostrnm almost exactly as in T. roelo/si, but the eyes dorsally a little more 
rounded, therefore the frons more regularly triangular. The antennae a little 
slenderer. The luteous pubescence is palest along the black markings. The two 
black dorsal stripes of the prothorax are about the same size as the luteous median 
stripe, the latter is narrow at the apex, then rounded-dilated, narrowed and again 
ronnded-dilated, the black stripes being correspondingly narrowed where the median 
stripe is widened ; a luteous spot in each black stripe in the transverse depression ; 
the luteous sides with two black spots one behind the other, the base also bearing a 
black spot above the lateral angle. Elytra more strongly punctate-striate than in 
T. roelofsi, with the following black markings : a spot on shoulder, a sn5aller one 
behind shoulder in interspaces G and 7, a third on the basal callosity, a sutural spot 
in tiie autemedian depression, a snbapical spot resembling the letter 7, and two 
transverse bands, the anterior band in the middle, strongly widened at the sides and 
trifid, strongly narrowed at the suture and here curved backward, the second band 
narrower and more dentate, not divided laterally, but similarly narrowed at the 
suture and curved back as the first band. Pygidinm with a black median stripe. 

9. Tropideres japonicus Uoel. (1879). 
A small series from Hoozan and Fuliosho. 

lo. Cadus diversus Jord. (1911). 
A small series from Fnhosho and Taihoriusho. 

11. Mucronianus triodes spec. nov. 

<??. Niger, luteo-cinereo tomentosus, antennis pedibusque pro parte rufescen- 
tibus. Rostrnm j}lanum utrinque carina distincta, in medio carina fere obsoleta 
instructnm, cum fronte luteo-cinereum. Oculi in S autice contigua. Antennarnni 
segmentum 3'™" quarto dimidio longius, 10""' latitudiue dimidio longius, 11"'" ovatum. 
Prothorax longitudine fere duplo latior, minutissime deusissime rngato-grauulosus, 
prouoto bruuueo signatura discali in forma crucis et macnla dorsali lateral! ciuereis 



('141 ) 

notato, apice ad latera et carina fere tota cinereo marginatis, carinae angnlo lateral! 
fere recto apice rotundato. El3'tra C3'liudrica, brevia, sigiiaturis bene expressis 
brnnneis ornata. Pygidinm rotundatnm. 

Long. (cap. excl.) 3-2 — 3-8 mm. 

2 c? c? and 1 ? from Hoozan and Taihorinsbo. 

The first and eighth segments of the antennae are pale rufous like the bases of 
the other segments of the shaft and of segment 9. The lateral angle of the pronotal 
carina is a little more than 90°. The markings of the elytra are as follows : behind 
the base a narrow transverse band composed of two half-rings open in front, 
together resembling the figure 3 and extending from the first stripe (the first basal 
sutural interspace being cinereous) to the shoulder and then running to the lateral 
margin below the shoulder ; in the middle a transverse band composed of a sutural 
spot and a dorsal one on each elytrum, all three rounded-oblong and connected with 
one another by a narrow bridge, the band thus formed continued laterally to the 
margin by an oblique anterior branch and a broader obliijue posterior one ; in front 
of the apex of each elytrum a ring from the side of which aiirojection runs obliquely 
posticad, a second lateral projection usually connecting the ring anteriorly with the 
median band. 

12. Mucronianus (?) repandus spec. nov. 

?. Nigro-brunnens, cinereo pnbescens, supra nigro-brunneo variegatus, signa- 
turis bene expressis, antennis pedibusque ex parte rufescentibus ; rostro brevi 
inflexo ; fronte capitis convexa, oculis magnis rotundis ; prothoracis carina in dorso 
leviter convexa, angulo laterali subacuto ; elytris in dorso subdepressia. 

Long. (cap. excl.) 4-5 mm. 

1 ? from Fuhosho. 

The head and rostrum similar in shape to that of Directaiius and Ormiscus. 

Rostrum very short, depressed, directed down- and backward, grey, apex 
rufescent. Eyes bordered with grey. Frons about one-fifth the width of the 
rostrum. Segments 1 and 2 of antenna pale rufous, the others blackish brown, 
3 one-third longer than 4, 4 to 8 slightly decreasing in length, club moderately 
broad, 9 = 11, one-third longer than 8, 10 = 8 in length. On pronotum the disc 
brown, on each side with two projections into the grey lateral area, in front of 
scutellum a grey spot which is continued forward by an elongate lozenge-shaped 
spot; angle of carina less than 90°, with the tip rounded, the lateral carina 
extending to near middle. Elytra with a large brown area extending from the 
sides to stripe 3 and from the basal callosities to beyond two-thirds, a broad curved 
bar across the middle of the suture connecting the brown areas of the two elytra, 
on each elytrum the area encloses a lateral, an antemedian and a postmedian grey 
spot, the area moreover being produced anad midway between suture and margin 
and widened on the apical declivity to near suture. Apex of pygidium truncate- 
rotnndate. Legs without markings. 

13. Nessiara mosonica Jord. (1904). 
4 (? c? from Hoozan and Fohosho. 

14. Apatenia infans spec. nov. 
S. Nigra, tomento grisoo et brunueo-uigro tecta, antennis jjedibusque pro 
parte rufescentibus, macula magna antescutellari luteo-alba. Rostrum breve, carina 
mediana instructum. Pronotum longitudine latins, dense punctatnm, lateribus in 



( 142 ) 

medio ampliatis, carina dorsali ooiivexa, lateral! flexnosa, angiilo laterali recto 
apice rotuudato. Elytra grosse puuctato-striata, iuaeijualia, utraqne ia dorso tribus 
tnbercnlis sat altis iustructa. 

Long. (cap. excl.) -l-i^i mm. 

1 S from Hoozan. 

The head bears a iiiiuute white dot anteriorly between the eyes and another 
on the occi])ut, and is coarsely pnuctate-rugate like the rostrnra. The spot at the 
base of the pronotnm is widest at the carina, and there is a small round spot in 
front of it. The pronotura is uneven like the elytra and especially distinguished 
by its great breadth ; the dorsal carina is very feebly angulate in the centre. The 
tibiae and tarsi are for the greater part reddish brown. 

Most nearly resembles A. tenuis Jord. (1903J from Sumatra, but in that species 
the prothorax is longer than broad. 

15. Phaulimia grammica spec. nov. 

c?. P/(. rufescenti similis, robustior, elytris Inteo lineatis, fasciis ante- et post- 
medianis incompletis luteis atqne macula rotunda snturali antemediana brnnnea 
ornatis. 

Long. (cap. excl.) 4 — 4'5 mm. 

4 (J(? and 2 ? ? from Hoozan and Kosempo. 

Probably a subspecies oi Ph. rufescens Jord. (1894) ; the cj with two tubercles 
on the last abdominal sternite, as in rufescens. The pronotnm similar to that of 
Ph. lineata Jord. (1895), but the angle of the carina more rounded, the markings 
differing from those of rufescens especially in the presence of a spot before the 
centre, which spot forms a more or less complete halfring with the dorsal spots 
placed in front of the carina. The basal callosity of the elytra is brown, with 
one or two luteous lines, behind the callosity there is a luteous patch as m 
rifesrens, and on the suture a round brown spot in between the two patches ; 
the postmedian luteous spots are either separate or form a zigzag band ; all the 
interspaces bear luteous stripes, the striping, however, not being so regular as 
in Ph. lineata. 

10. Directarius incisus Sharp (1891). 

1 ? from Taihoriusho. 

Originally described from Jajian as a Trojiiiteres. 

17. Nerthomma aplota s])ei', nov. 

J ¥. Nigra, supra griseo et brunneo variegata, subtus grisea. Antennae in S 
compressae sat fortes, iu ? graciles, clava in ntroijue sexu brevi, segmento 3'" 
quarto longiore, 4"-8° inter se aei|ualibus. Frons capitis dimidio rostri latitudinis 
subaequalis. Carina prothoracicalis ad latera leviter antrorsnm flcxa. Elytra 
densius griseo signata quara in ^V. stictica Paso. (1860). 

Long. (cap. excl.) 4 — mm. 

A series of both sexes from Fuhosho and Kosempo. 

In facies very similar to the Malayan N. stictica Pasc. (I860), but the frons 
is broader, almost e(inalling half the rostrum in width even in the 6, and the 
carina of the prothorax is less produced forward at the sides. The markings 
essentially the same as in N. .stictica, the grey puliescence rather more extended 
and the markings less clearly defined. 



( 143) 

18. Exillis longicornis Pasc. (1S60). 
A small series from Fnhosho. 

10. Habrissus longipes formosanus snbsp. nov. 

(??. Antennarnm segmentornm 9', 10', ll'latera noii congruentia ; iirotliorax 
supra et infra minns pnnctatns qnara in //. I. longipes Sharp (1S91). 

Sharp described the species as a Tropideres. The specimens from Formosa 
agree well with the Japanese examples except in the club of the antennae being 
asymmetrical, and the punctnres of the prothorax sparse and shallow. The 
midtibia of the i bears an obtuse apical spur. 

20. Xylinades impressus stibinus subsp. nov. 

c? ?. A', impresso Jord. (1895) similis, sed pronoto rugato-grannlosa, elj-trisqne 
minutins punctatis. 

A long series of both sexes from Hoozan, Kosempo, and Fuhosho. 

The tawny ochraceous or greyish clay-coloured pubescence is more extended 
than in true impressus from North India, and the sculpturing of the thorax and 
elytra is less coarse. The two grooves on the prouotum form a horseshoe, but do 
not meet anteriorly ; the granules and transverse folds of the pronotum are as high 
as in impressus rerus, but the grooves between them are less deep and large than 
in that subspecies. The punctures in the basal half of the elytra are also smaller 
than in the Indian form, and the interspaces between the punctures of the same row 
less elevate. The prosternura, moreover, has a shallower transverse groove and is 
less deeply punctuated. 

The size is very varialde, as in other species, the largest specimen measuring 
(inclusive of head) 18 mm., and the smallest 9-5 mm. 

21. Xylinades japonicus Sharp (1891). 

(J?. Capite inter oculos irregulariter rugato-striato, in medio carinato. 
Antennis in S subtus non pilosis, clava compacta articulo 10" brevissimo. Pro- 
thorace subcordato mox pone apicem latiore, supra granulis et nonnullis plicis 
transversis instrncto. Elyt'ris leviter punctato-striatis atque granulosis, plaga 
magna basali circum scntellnra sita et fascia lata postraediana in stria snturali 
interrupta marginem lateralem attingente nutatis. 

1 c? and 1 ? from Koserajio and (Uiip Chip. 

The irregularly striated frons this species has in common with A', armafus 
Jord. (189.j) and A", striatifrons Jord. (1895), both of which have a very coarsely 
and densely grooved pronotum. Bloreover, the (? -antennae bear in the species 
mentioned bristles on the underside, and the tenth segment is in S as well as ? 
nearly as long as the eighth, being at any rate distinctly separate from segments '•• 
and 11, the club being much slenderer than m jnponicus. The tomentum of the 
pronotum and elytra oi japonicus is clayish ochraceous and rather dense. The 
black postmedian band of the elytra reaches from the first line of punctures to 
the lateral margin and is sinuate anteriorly and posteriorly, being produced anteriorly 
in the fiftli interspace. The black basal patch common to the two elytra is not 
interrupted at the scutellum and sutnre or very slightly so. 

The prothorax resembles in shape that of A', marmoratus Koel. (188<i)> ''"^ i** 
devoid of the lateral longitudiiuil (■hannel iuund in that species, and the apex is 



( 144 ) 

more abruptly narrowed. The dorsal carina is deej)])' and evenly concave, entire, 
and distinctly tlcxed laterad before joining the lateral carina. The granules in the 
strij)es of the elytra are small. The legs are nearly bare of pnbeseence, apart from 
an ochraceons spot on the widened i)art of the apex of the femora. 

22. Xylinades phycus spec. nov. 

cJ?. Capite inter oculos irregnlariter rugato-striato, in medio cariuato. 
Antennis in cf subtus pilosis, mouiliformibus, clava ut in ? compacta. Prouoto 
ad latera modice rotundato, supra grosse denseque rngato-granuloso atqne pnnctato. 
Elytris ochraceis leviter granulosis, macula basali communi et fascia postmediaua 
ad suturam interruptis nigris. Prosterno profuude punctato. Pedibns sparsissime 
tomentosis. 

Long. (cap. excl.). T'S — 8'5 mm. 

1 d and 1 ? from Hoozan. 

The longitudinal wrinkles of the frons are numerous, and the rostrum is also 
more rugate than punctate. The segments 4 to 8 of the antenna are thicker and 
therefore in proportion shorter in the cj than in the ? , segment 8 being distinctly 
broader than long ; the club is compact, segments !> and 10 being together some- 
what shorter than 11. The eyes are higher than in most species. 

The prothorax is longer than broad, slightly cordiform, being widest before the 
middle. The upperside bears some linear greyish ochraceons markings before the 
carina, the middle one being more or less indistinctly continued to the apex, 
and a larger patch of the same colour laterally at the apex ; the punctures are 
large and deep and their interstices so raised as to form a network of confluent 
granules and folds, there being behind the carina numerous punctures at the sides 
and some granules in the centre. The dorsal carina is concave and in the centre 
minutely indented. 

The elytra resemble those of the preceding species, being densely clayish 
ochraceous sparsely tessellated with black and bearing a large black basal patch, 
which, however, is interrupted at the suture, and a black postmedian band. The 
black spots are more or less confluent at the apex of the elytra, as is the case 
also in X. Japonicus. 

23. Dendrotrogus angustipennis Jord. (1895). 

1 ? from Fnhosho. 

24. Asemorhinus nebulosus Sharp (1891). 
A long series from Fnhosho, Hoozan, and Kosempo. 

25. Caccorrhinus oculatus formosanus subsp. nov. 

c??. A ('. 0. oculato tarsornm articulu prinio anniilo Into griseo-hiteo signato 
distinguendus. 

Long. (caj). excl.). 3-8 — 8 mm. 

A long series from Fnhosho. 

In C. 0. oculatus Sharj) (1879), from Jaiian, the tarsi are entirely black. 

20. Basitropis nitidicutis Jek. (1855). 

2 ? ? from Hoozan. 



( 145 ) 

27. Paraphloeobius(?) brevis spec. uov. 

c?. Niger, griseo et ochraceo pubescens, oculis siuuatis, carina lateruli pro- 
thoracis fere ad apicem coutiiuiata, tibiis modiis et posticis breviter mncronatis. 

LoDg. (cap. excl.). 6'5 mm. 

1 c? from Hoozan. 

In the type of the genus, P. tricolor Jord. (1912), the eyes are not distinctly 
sinnate, and the lateral carina of the prothorax does not extend beyond the centre 
of the sides. 

In P. brevis the rostrum is more than twice as broad as long, bearing a distinct 
round apical sinus. Antenna not reaching base of prothorax, segments 2 — 4 nearly 
equal in length, 5 a little shorter, 6 and 7 quite short, 8 triangular, club black, 
flat, broad, 10 twice as broad as long. Prothorax half as broad again as long, 
evenly and rather strongly convex ; dorsal carina slightly and evenly concave, 
lateral angle a little over 90" with the tip rounded, at apical margin three white 
spots, and several others on the disc, all small and inconspicuous, in centre a 
blackish dot. Scutellum greyish white. Elytra cylindrical, basal callosity fairly 
distinct, with a black spot, interspaces 1, 3, 5, etc., very feebly raised, ochraceous, 
indistinctly variegated with white and l)lack, suture slightly depressed from behind 
middle to apex, the latter as well as the jiygidium white. Underside greyish 
white ; legs short, tibiae with an indistinct subbasal spot and the apex blackish ; 
inner surface of hindtibia convex before middle and then incurved ; the mncro of 
mid- and hiudtibiae short but quite distinct. 



28. Phloeobius gigas F. (1775). 
A small series from Hoozan. 



29. Apolecta paraplesia spec. nov. 

<? ? . Speciei ^1. leicisi Sharp (1S91) dictae similis, elytris sine fascia trans- 
versa tota nigra, antennis segraento 1" mnlto minus abrupte incrassato, tibiis auuulo 
lato mediano griseo distinguenda. 

Long. (cap. excl.). 7 — 9'5 mm. 

6 c? cj and 7 ¥ ¥ , from Kosempo and Fuhosho. 

The greyish clay pubescence has a greenish tint. The pronotum bears on each 
side three or four confluent spots ; the spots of the elytra are also confluent for the 
greater part, but there is a broad transverse space in the middle which bears only 
a small number of spots. 

While in A. lewisi the lirst segment of the antenna is quite abruptly dilated, 
it is much more gradually widened from near the base in the new species. The 
centre of the pronotum is elevate longitudinally, as usual; the carina is so strongly 
curved in the middle as to form nearly an angle ; it does not reach the basal edge 
of the pronotum, which edge is elevate except towards the sides. The elytra are 
moderately depressed along the suture and posteriorly gradually rounded-declivous 
without indication of a tubercle. The claws are reddish brown, being much darker 
than in lewisi. 



( 14R ) 

SOME NEW OllIEXTAL ZYGAENIDAE. 

By Dr. K. JORDAN. 

1. Callizygaena venusta spec. nov. 

J. Corpore nigro-velntino, paniiu aenescente, antice macnlis coenileis mctalliois 
ornato, abdomine siibtus fascia latissima flava signato. Alis anticis liiica .subbasali 
alteraque antemediaua coenileis nitentibns, macula apicali marginali coenilen-viridi ; 
])osticis macula discali atcjue squamis dispersis coeruleis ornatis. 

? diiiert a S abdomiue absque lascia flava, alarum signaturis magis extensis, 
alis anticis fascia semicirculari pone cellulae apicem. 

Long. al. ant. cJ 15, ? 17 mm. 

One pair from Matang, Sarawak, 3600 ft., June 1900, received from J. C. Moulton. 

Nearest to C. unipmwta Swinh. (1004), which, however, has a large hyaline 
spot in the hindwing. 

Antenna bipectinate, with the exception of the basal and apical segments, 
the branches graduall}' longer, being longest at the apical third, the last seven or 
eight segments short and almost moniliform, the preceding segments much smaller 
and bearing in the ? rough scaling, which together with the long pectination 
gives to the antenna the appearance of being strongly clavate. The scaling of the 
antennae, the frons, some spots on the thorax, and in ? a spot on each side at the 
base of the abdomen glossy blue, the abdominal spot in tJ glossy golden ; posterior 
segments of abdomen purple ; underside of abdomen of S yellow with the excej)tion 
of the proximal segments. 

Forewing with small transparent discocellular spot ; the subbasal and ante- 
median transverse glossy blue lines straight ; beyond apex of cell a few metallic 
scales in c? and a curved band in ? ; the glossy golden green apical band 
narrows posteriorly and reaches in ? the hind angle, before which this sex bears 

a large golden patch. The metallic spot on the hindwing is small in the i and 

large in tlie ?, in the latter also the abdominal margin being broadly bordered with 
metallic blue. 

On tlie t(ii(lri!ii<li' the proximal bands of the forewing absent, but below cell 
some metallic scales; at upper as well as lower angle of cell a blue patch, the 
posterior patch in c? united with the marginal band, which extends from apex to 
hind angle in both sexes.- — -On hindwing a subbasal spot and a discocellular 
bar glossy blue, a marginal band {S) or apical spot (?) golden green. - 

The ground of both wings on botli surfaces with a bine sheen in certain lights. 

2. Heteropan alienus ^<i■r. nov. 

i. In hoc genere magnus ; antenuis, capite, thorace alisqne anticis snj)ra 
purpureis, corpore infra luteo-griseo, palpis ]iedibus(ine plus niinns flavis. Alis 
elongatis, anticis apicc hand truncatis, margine distali rotnndato, macula magno 
subcentrali alba ; posticis vitreo-albis, raarginibus distali et costali violaceo-nigris. 
Alis infra ut supra, sed anticis magis violaceis atque macula alba multo majore. 

Long. al. ant. 23 mm. 



( 14: ) 

One cf fi'om near the Oetakwa R., Snow 3Its., Dutch New (iainea, up to 
3500 ft., x.-xii. 1909 (A. S. Meek). 

Differs rather remarkably from the other species of the genus iu the elongate 
wings. Third subcostal of forewing present, thrown off from stalk of 4.5 near cell, 
Upperside of abdomeu violaceous green. The white patch on the forewing above 
rounded, about as long as broad, exjjanding between subcostal and second submedian 
veins and placed proxiraally to apex of cell. The distal border of the hindwiug 
very feebly narrowing behind, being 3 mm. broad in centre (inclusive of fringes), 
while the costal border only occupies the space between costal edge and cell. 

On the forewing below the white patch extends a little beyond the apex of tlic 
cell and also reaches farther basad than on the upperside. 

3. Heteropan apicalis spec. nov. 

? . Autennis, capite thoraceijue supra purpnreis, abdomiue et steruis viridi- 
violaceis, palpis et rostro flavis, pedibus luteis plus minusve viridi-violaceo 
sijuamosis. Alls anticis supra pnrpureo-nigris, truncatis, macula apicali magna 
alba late aeneo-viridi marginata ; posticis violaceis. Infra violaceis, anticis raacnla 
alba ajiicali. 

Long. al. ant. 8-5—9 mm. 

(! ? ? from near the Oetakwa R., Snow Mts., Dntch New Guinea, up to 3500 ft., 
x.-xii. 1909 (A. S. Meek). 

This is the only known species iu which the apex of the forewing is white. 
The glossy bluish green band which borders this patch on the proximal side is 
straight, running obliquely from the costal to the distal margin, which it reaches 
in front of the angle ; in the centre of the wing there are traces of a bluish green 
transverse band. The upperside of the hindwing and the underside of both wings 
are blue and have a rather strong gloss. 

Forewing with five subcostals ; lower median far proximal, almost on a level 
with first subcostal. 



4. Heteropan truncata adamaris subsp. nov. 

(?. Abdomine supra et infra coeruleo, autennis purpnreis ; alls anticis su|ira 
sine macula distiucta alba, posticis albis margine exteriore coeruleo nitente. 

A series of J cj from near the Oetakwa R., Snow Mts., Dutch New Gninea, up 
to 350O ft., x.-xii. 1909 (A. S. Meek). 

Forewing rounded-trnncate, very slightly incurved below the apex, on disc a 
more or less slight indication of a white spot, no distinct metallic spot or baud 
near outer margin, but with dull green and somewhat glossy scaling along costal 
edge and near outer margin ; fringes only with a few metallic scales, mnch less 
glossy than in //. t. cl/itonea Jord. (1907). Hindwing as in //. t. chitoiwa ?. 

On luideriiide the forewing with a large white patch extending from the base 
to near the apex of cell, sometimes occupying almost the whole jn-oximal three- 
fifths of the wing : the white area of the hindwing reaches to costal margin, tin- 
latter not being blue in the centre. 

Palpi, breast, and logs duller yellow tliau in chttoitea. The underside of the 
abdomen very little paler than the upper. 

Besides the type of cliitonea, a ? from Milne Bay, we have a series of ? ? ot 

10 



( 14S ) 

tbat form from the Knmnsi It., in North-Eastern British New Guinea, collected by 
A. S. Meek in August lOiiT. Along with these ? ? Meek sent a single <S, which 
presumulily is the c? of c/i/fonea. It differs from the ? ? in the forewing being 
jatlier narrower and bearing only a few metallic scales in place of the distinct 
snbmarginal band of the ? ? ; further, in the white area of the hindwing being 
reduced on the upperside to a central stripe which fills in the cell and extends 
beyond the apex of it, the stri])e being bounded on the underside by the costal 
and lower submcdian veins ; the basal portion of the abdominal area whitish. 
The abdomen is yellowish white on the underside, with a bluish sheen. 

Ti. Heteropan iscatus spec. uov. 

A H. oniso .lord. (lOiK) dilfert alis anticis linoa metallica admarginali ornatis, 
posticis subtus inter celhilam et marginem abdominalem (•oeruleo-uiteutibus. 

'■I 6 S from near the Oetakwa R., Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, up U> 
3.")UU ft., x.-xii. 10U'.< (A. S. Meek). 

In the cJcJ oi lyccwnoides Walk. (1864) and ci/aneus Jord. (1907) the hindwiug 
beneath bears a purplish blue triangular spot posteriorly at the Iiase. This spot 
is absent from the SS of anixus Jord. (1907) and the present species ; but whereas 
the abdominal area of the underside of the hindwing (J) is covered with clay- 
coloured scales as far as the upper submedian vein in nnixii.s, this area is metallic 
blue and partly bluish white in the new species. 

The forewing more rounded at the apex than in anisns ; the distal margin 
purplish browu, within this brown border a blue metallic line nearly as in 

sdntilla?is, but fiirther away from the margin, the fringes metallic. Hindwing 

blue, with a white central smear occupying cell and extending be3-ond apex of 
same (type), or entirely blue. 

On underside, a large white patch on forewing occupying the distal part of 
cell (or nearly the whole cell) aud the parts of disc adjacent to the apex of cell ; 
a similar white patch on hindwing. These white patches abseut from ^ of ariisus, 
but present in ? of a/tigia^, though somewhat smaller. 

Coxae, sterna, and underside of abdomen paler tlian in d of anisns, claspers 
and underside of preceding segment blue, rather paler than npperside of abdomen. 
Forewing with five subcostals. 

0. Eusphalera flavifrons spec. uov. 

S- Nigra, j)arum violascens, fronte suliiliurea, abdomine subtus pallide 
stramineo; alis anticis fascia aurantiaca mediana obliqna recta ornatis ; posticis 
absque signatnris. 

Long. al. ant. 1(! mm. 

1 S from the Ninay valley, Arfak Mts., Dutch New Guinea. ;i.jii(i ft., February 
and March 19i»9 (Messrs. Pratt). 

The ])ectiuations of the antenna have a distinct ochraceous tone. Frous of 
head bright sulphur-yellow, occiput and scaling of antenna slightly metallic 
greenish blue. Upperside ot forewing with a distinct purple sheen, which is less 
distinct on the npperside of the hindwing than on the underside. The orange band 
of the forewing 2 mm. broad, being very little widened costally. Breast and legs 
blue, as is also an ill-defined stri])e which borders the pale creamy buft' underside ; 
apex of coxae, trochanters and base of femora creamv buft'. 



( 149 ) 

On iindeisidc the band of the forewing slightly broader as well as paler than 
above : hind wing with a small bine subapical spot, below which there is a vestigial 
second spot ; forewing without bine spots above and beneath. 

Fifth subcostal of forewing much more distal than third. 



T. Herpolasia albomedia callerema snbsp. nov. 

?. Differt ab H. alh. rilhomeilin Roths. (1897) area alba alarum posticarnm 
valde redncta. 

1 ? from the Upper Setekwa U., Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 2000 — 3000 ft., 
September 1910 (A. S. Meekj. 

The white area of the hind wing is reduced to an obliquely oblong patch 5 mm. 
broad and abont 9 long, extending from the costal vein to the upper median on 
the upperside, being a little broader and longer on the underside ; the patch 
bounded by metallic blue from before its outer angle around the posterior side 
to the centre of the cell, the blue border widening out in a basal and abdominal 
direction to near base and second submedian vein, there being also dispersed blue 
scales below this vein. 

On uiuh'i'side the cell of forewing white, not crossed by a dark l)ar as in 
H. a. albomedia; the metallic scaling blue, occupying almost the whole of the 
hindwing with the exception of the white patch, and being also more extended 
•on disc of forewing than in true albomedia, while the hind margin as far as the 
upper submedian has hardly any blue scales. 



'S. Phlebohecta viduata si)ec. nov. 

(J. A .S'. li/jjiisa Jord. (1907) thorace abdomineque flavo notatis distinguenda. 

Long. al. ant. 14 mm. 

1 c? from Sintang, Dutch Borneo, February 1910 (Dr. Blartin). 

Bluish black like h/pum, described from a ? from the Batoe Islands. Antenna 
with rather long pectinations, as in P. eupomia Swinh. Frons whitish yellow, 
patagia with an orange yejlow spot, metanotum with a nari'ow whitish edge ; 
on the breast a white spot on each side ; abdomen with four yellow bands, 
one or two complete ^dorsally, first and second white on underside and broadly 
interrujited above; apex of tarsi white. 

On forewing, upperside, an elongate-ovate spot in apex of cell, and on 
hindwing a triangular spot in cell and below it proximally to lower median vein 
white, fringes white at apex of wings. 

On tmderside the spots as above, rather larger ; in addition on (brewing a long 
white streak below cell and a short one in cell ; on hindwing a diffuse discocellular 
spot and a patch before abdominal margin. 



9. Caprima mutilata henica subsp. nov. 

?. AC m. mutilata Walk. (1^04) macula subbasali alarum anticarnm mnlto 
minore et area flava alarnm posticarnm angustiore distinguenda. 

1 ? from the Upper .Setekwa R., Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, 2000— 3000 ft., 
.September 1910 (A. 8. Meek). 



( lr.O ) 

10. Caprima plagiata spec. uov. 

c??. Nigra,, fronte, prouoto, macula subbasali in ala autica, altera obliijna 
mnlto majore in ala postica albis ; alls auticis area rul'a Jiscali venis nigris secta 
ornatis. 

Long. al. ant. 11-5 — 12-5 mm. 

1 (? from near the Oetakwa R., Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, up to 5000 ft., 
x.-xii. 1910 (A. S. Meek) and 1 5 from the Upper Setekwa ){. in the same district, 
2000—3000 ft., September 1010 (A. S. Meek). 

The underside of the thorax and the coxae grey with a blue gloss ; the legs 
pale cla3--colonr ; the extreme tip of the abdomen white. The subbasal patch of 
the Ibrewing is 2 mm. broad and closely extends to the costal and hind margins ; 
the rnfons discal area is much brighter and also larger in ? than in c?, 
occupying the apex of the cell and the greater part of the disc from the first 
subcostal to the second submedian in ?, being much shaded with black in d. 
The white area of the hindwing reaches from the costal margin near base to near 
outer margin above anal angle, being longer in c? than in ? ; its hind edge is about 
parallel with the abdominal margin of wing, while the anterior edge is elbowed 
near apex of cell. 

On the underside the rufous colouring on the forewiug is reduced to a band 
which tapers behind and anteriorly widens in a basal direction, entering the cell, 
the band shorter in the c? than in the ? and traversed by black veins in both 
sexes. White area of hindwing larger than above, triangular, with the apex of 
the triangle rounded off. 



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The Hon. WALTER ROTHSCHILD, F.R.S., Ph.D., 
Dr. ERNST HARTERT, and Dr. K. JORDAN. 



V^OL. XIX. 


/ - 






No. 2. 




Pages 151— .377. 




Plates VI.— XII. 





Issued December 218t, at the Zoological Muskum, Tring. 



PUINTKD BY IIAZELL, WATSON & VIXEV, La, LONDON AND AYLESBUKV. 

1912. 



Vol. XIX. 

NOVITATES ZOOLOGICAE. 

EDITED Br 

WALTER ROTHSCHILD, ERNST HARTERT, and KARL JORDAN. 



CONTENTS OF NO. II. 

PAOKS 

1. NEW SYNTOMIDAE Walter Rotlischild . 151—186 

2. LIST OF A COLLECTION OF BIRDS MADE 

BY MR. ALBERT MEEK ON THE KUMUSI 
RIVER, NORTH-EASTERN BRITISH NEW 

GUINEA Walter JM/isclilU and 

h'nist Harterl . 187— 20G 

3. LIST OF BIRDS COLLECTED BY MR. A. S. 

MEEK AT HAIDANA, COLLINGWOOD 
BAY, IN NORTH-EASTERN BRITISH NEW 

GUINEA Walter liothscMld and 

Ernst Uartert . 207—209 

4. DESCRIPTION OF TWO NEW BIRDS FROM 

THE TIMOR GROUP OF ISLANDS . . C. E. Ihllmayr ■ 210—211 

5. NEW LITHOSIANAE Walta- Rothschild . 212— 24G 

6. DESCRIPTIONS D'ESPECES ET VARIETES 

NOUVELLES DE COCCINELLTDES DU 

BRITISH MUSEUM Docteur Sicard . . 247—268 

7. THE BIRDS OF YUNNAN .... Collingwood Ingram . 269—310 

8. ORNITHOLOGISCIIE MISZELLEN AUS DEM 

INDO-AUSTRALISCHEN GEBIET . . Envin Stresemann . 311—351 

9. NOTES ON CLIXOCORIDAE, A FAMILY OF 

RHYNCHOTA, WITH THE DESCRIPTIONS 

OF A NEW GENUS AND SPECIES . Karl Jordan and N. 

Charles Rothschild 352—356 

10. ON SIPHONAPTERA COLLECTED IN AL- 

GERIA. (Plates VI.— XII.) .... Karl Jordan mod N. 

Charles Rothschild 357 — 372 

11. ON SOME UNFIGURED BIRDS. (Plates 

I. AND II.) . Ernst Uartert . . 373—374 

12. SOME UNFIGURED SYNTOMIDAE, AEOERI- 

ADAE AND ARCTIANAE. (Plates III. 

— V.) Walter Rothschild . 375—377 

PLATES I.— V. WILL APPEAR WITH THE INDEX NUMBER (No. 3). 




NOVITATES ZOOLOGICAE. 

Vol. XIX. DECEMBER, 1912. No. 2. 

NEW SYNT03IIDAE. 
By the Hon. W. ROTHSCHILD, Ph.D., F.R.S. 

1. Androcharta klagesi sp. nov. 

(J. Nearest to meones Stoll. Diflfer.s from it by its smaller size, pale liver- 
brown forewings, and the strongly reduced hyaline marking.s ; hindwings creamy 
instead of whitish grey. 

S shows similar differences. 

Length of forewiug : meones, <S 22 mm. ; ? 25 mm. 
„ „ „ : klagesi, J' 18 „ ; ? 19 „ 

Hab. Ciudad Bolivar, Venezuela, December 1898 and January 1899 (S. M. 
Klageseolh). 4 (? J, 6 ? ¥. 

I should have treated this as a subspecies of nieones, but the latter occurs 
together with it. 

2. Androcharta hoflfmannsi sp. nov. 

c?. Legs deep brown; head black witli glittering bhie spots; thorax black, 
metallic spots and bands on tegulae and patagia ; abdomen black, a central crimson 

patch on first two segments, and metallic bine lateral patches on each segment. 

Forewing black, two metallic blue patches at base of wing and a similar one near 
base of cell ; a large discocellular blue patch, a semivitreons white spot above vein 1 

and similar ones above veins 3, 4, 5, the latter small. Hindwing : base and 

lappet grey-brown, disc white, a broad marginal band, greyish above, brown below. 

? similar, but border of hindwing above black. 

Length of forewing : cJ 22 mm.; ? 24 mm. 

Hab. Humayta, Rio Madeira, .July — September 1906 (W. Hoffmanns coll.). 
1 cJ,4 ? *. 

3. Eriphioides rosenbergi s[). nov. 

i ? . Similar to surinamensis Moeschl. but much brighter ; chestnut-brown, not 
deep umber-brown, and the cupreous spots shining coppery green, not blue-green. 
Intermediate in appearance between siirinamensis and ustulata. 

llah. Rio Dagua, Colombia (W. Rosenberg) (type), 2 iS, 4 ??; \ S 
CJolombia; 1 S Sauta Yd de Bogota; 1 cJ ? 

4. Ceramidia klagesi sp. nov. 

S- Pectus white ; head deep olivaceous green ; antennae blackish steel-blue ; 

collar dark crimson ; thora.K and abdomen olivaceous green. Forewing bright 

oily green. Hindwing: costal half silvery grey, tornal half oil-green. 

11 



( 152 ) 

Lengtli of forewing: 18 mm. 

Hab. Aroewarwa Creek, Maroewyiu Valley, Surinam, February 1905 (S. M. 
Klages). 4 (?(?. 

5. Ceramidia scintillocoUaris sp. nov. 

<?. Frons white, vertex of head glittering steel-green ; antennae steel-blue ; 
tegnlae glittering steel-green ; shonlder-spots white ; thorax cupreous, patagia with 
black borders ; first segment of abdomen cupreous, sides white ; rest of abdomen 

brown with cupreous gloss. Forewing dark oil-green. Hindwiug : costal half 

grey, rest of wing black. 

Length of forewing : 21 mm. 

Hub. San Ramon, Rio Wanks, Nicaragua, 375 ft., July l'JO.5 (M. G. Palmer). 
1 c?. 

6. Ceramidia underwoodi sp. nov. 

S. Head black; antennae steel-blue; collar crimson; thorax and abdomen 
olive cupreous, first segment of abdomen metallic green. Forewing deep oil- 
green, discal third metallic green, forming an indistinct band. Hindwing greenish 

black, costal area dark chestnut. 

Length of forewing : 20 mm. 

Hah. t'osta Rica (Underwood). \ 6 • 

T. Ceramidia simplex sp. nov. 

(?. Pectus white; head and thorax brown with cupreous patches, collar 

crimson ; abdomen black with cupreous dorsal and lateral bands. Forewing 

purplish brown. Hindwing : costal half dark brownish grey, rest of wing deep 

brown. 

? . Similar, but paler and more uniformly brown. 

Length of forewing : S 18 mm.; ? IS mm. 

Hab. Cachabe, Western Ecuador (low country), January 1897 (type) ; Rio 
Dagua, Colombia (W. Rosenberg). 1 J, 1 ?. 

8. Ceramidia bricenoi sp. nov. 

S. Legs and antennae steel-blue; head black with steel-blue spots; thorax 
black with slight cu])reous markings ; abdomen bright cupreous with subdorsal 

black bands, a green dorsal and white lateral sjiots on basal segment. Forewing : 

basal half golden green, outer half deep oil-green. Hindwing: costal half deep 

grey, rest of wing brown-black. 

Length of forewing : 25 mm. 

Hab. Montan, Sierra de Merida, Venezuela, 3000 metres, July 20, 1898 
(Briceuo coll.). 1 (J. 

9. Ceramidia painei sji. nov. 

cJ. Legs and antennae brown ; head black ; tegnlae snow-white ; thorax and 
abdomen cupreous green ; patagia black, lateral white patches on second and third 

abdominal segments. Forewing : basal three-fiftiis golden green, outer two-fifths 

dark blackish green. Hindwing: costal area dark grey, rest of wing black. 

Length of forewing: 24 mm. 

Hab. Corinto, Cauca, May— July 1900 (Paine and Brinkley). 



( 153 ) 

10. Ceramidia mathani sp. nov. 

(J. Allied to phemonides. Legs cupreous green ; pectus and frous cream- 
white ; antennae black-blue ; vertex of head and thorax bright cupreous green, 
sides of collar crimson, patagia widely bordered with black ; abdomen above 

brilliant cupreous green, below white. Forewing oily blackish olive-brown, base 

and basal third of costa glittering green. Hindwiug: costal half pale grey, rest 

brown-black. 

Length of forewing : 20 mm. 

IJab. TefFe, Amazons, November 1907 (M. de Mathan) (type), 2 <?;?; 1 c?, 
without locality (Felder coll.). 

11. Ceramidia affinis sp. nov. 

S ■ Head and thorax black with glittering blue-green spots, collar red, tegulae 
metallic blue-green ; abdomen cupreous green with black subdorsal and cream-white 

lateral stripes. Forewing dark oily steel-blue, somewhat greenish on basal third. 

Hindwing : costal half grey, rest deep brown. 

Length of forewing : 17 mm. 

Hab. Tefft^, Amazons, September 1907 (M. de Mathan). 1 cj. 

12. Ceramidia viridisaturata sp. nov. 

3 . Head and antennae black with green-blue spots ; thorax and abdomen 
bright cupreous, tegulae green-blue. Forewing : basal fifth black, discal two- 
fifths golden green, outer two-fifths oil-green. Hindwing : costal three-fifths 

pale yellowish grey, rest of wing black. 

Length of forewing : 23 mm. 

Hab. ? probably Province of Rio. 1 S ■ 

13. Amycles affinis sp. nov. 

cJ. Allied to anthraciita Walk, and adtista Feld., but much smaller. Pectus 
creamy white ; antennae, the basal three-fifths steel-blue, rest whitish ; head, 

thorax, and abdomen dark chocolate brown. Forewing bright brown on basal 

two-thirds, apical third between costa and vein 2 semivitreous grey, an irregular 
broad concave band separating this semivitreous outer area from the rest ; this 
band on the inner side is bufi'y chestnut, on the outer yellowish cream. Hind- 
wing : costal area pale grey, most of abdominal area vitreous, rest of wing dark 
chocolate brown. 

? difl'ers by the postmedian band being much broader. 

Length of forewing: anthrucina, <S 2U mm.; 9 I'J mm. 
,, ,, ,, : adasta, S 22 mm.; ? 21 mm. 
„ „ ,, : affinis., c? 14 mm.; ? 15 mm. 

Hab. La Union, Uaura River, June 1902 (type), 'Z^ 6 6; Maripa, Canra River, 
1 c?; La Vuelta, Caura River, 1 c? (S. M. Klages); Suapure, Veuezuela, February 2, 
1899 (S. M. Klages), 1 <S ; Werida, Mechisera, 3U(MJ metres (Briceno), 1 ? : Moutan, 
Sierra de Merida, 3000 metres, 1 <S , Merida, Venezuela, 1 6 (Briceno); San Ramon, 
Rio Wanks, Nicaragua, 375 ft.. May 1905 (M. G. Palmer), 5 cjc?, 1 ? ; 2 J c? ? 



( 15-* ) 

14. Amycles tenebrosa sp. nov. 

c?. Head, antennae, thorax, and abdomen deep black. Forewing : basal 

two-thirds deep black-brown, apical third pale brown, scarcely thinner scaled. • 

Hindwing has dark ]iarts black-brown. 

Length of (brewing : 17 mm. 

Hub. Caracas, Venezuela. 2 c? c?. 

15. Amycles brinkleyi sp. nov. 

(?. Deep brown-black ; apical third of forewing paler. 
Length of forewing: 17 mm. 

Hab. Coreata, Canca Valley (Paine and Brinkley). 1 c?. 

1 shonld have made all these three forms subspecies, but they occur together 
with anthracina and adusta. 

16. Amycles klagesi sp. nov. 

c?. Pectus white ; antennae bright blue ; head and tegulae green-blue ; thorax 
and abdomen brown-black, with central and lateral bands of cupreous green spots. 
Fore- and hindwings deep brown with enpreous green dots at base. 

? sooty black with hardly any cupreous green markings. 

Length of forewing: S 17 mm.; ? 15 mm. 

Hah. San Esteban, Venezuela, June and July 1909 (type), 2 S <S , 1 ? , La 
Vuelta, Caura River, June 1903, 1 cT (S. M. Klages). 

17. Antichloris nigrolineata sp. nov. 

c?. At once distinguishable from eriphia Fab. by the two subdorsal black 
abdominal bands. Legs brown ; head and spots on thorax metallic green ; thorax 

black ; abdomen bright cupreous with broad black subdorsal bands. -Forewing 

bright oil-green. Hindwing : costal half brownish grey, rest black-brown. 

Length of forewing: 20 mm. 

Hab. La Union, Caura River, March 1902 (type), 30 S <S ; Guyapa, Caura 
River, November 24— December 10, 1902, Z S S ; Suapure, Venezuela, March 
1899, 2 cJcJ (S. M. Klages). 

18. Antichloris intensa sp. nov. 

3. Legs deep brown ; pectus with two white spots ; head and tegulae black 
with glittering blue-green spots ; thorax deep black-brown ; abdomen bright 

enpreous golden with subdorsal black bands. Forewing deep blackish chocolate 

with a somewhat oily gloss. Hindwing : costal two-thirds grey, rest blackish 

chocolate. 

Length of forewing : 22 mm. 

Hab. Aroewarwa Creek, Maroewym Valley, Surinam, February 1905 (S. M. 
Klages). 4 Jc?. 

19. Antichloris trinitatis sp. nov. 

?. Pectus metallic green-blue; head and tegnlae metallic blue; antennae 
dark brown, tips white; thorax black-brown with blue-green patches; abdomen 
cupreous green with subdorsal black-brown bands. -Wings sooty black-brown. 

Length of forewing : 18 mm. 

Hab. Caparo, Trinidad, January 1906 (S. M. Klages). 1 ?. 



( i-'^s ) 

20. Antichloris atrinervis sp. nov. 

c?. Very near scudderi Butl. Head, antennae, ami thorax velvety blae-black 
with scintillating green-bine spots, collar crimson ; abdomen black with dorsal and 
lateral cnpreons green bands and siiblateral broad white bands, lateral white spots 

on segment 3. Forewing: basal two-thirds bronze green, enter third dark oily 

green-bine, nervnres black. Hindwing: costal three-fifths grey, rest black-brown. 

Length of forewing : 20 ram. 

llab. Teffe', Amazons, October 1907 (M. de Mathan). ^ iS. 

21. Antichloris atrinervis steinbachi subsp. nov. 

S. Similar to atriiiereis, but diifers in having the basal two-tliirds of forewing 
much brighter and more glittering green, and the hindwing mach darker, the grey 
area in the latter smaller and darker grey, the rest intense black. 

Ilab. Buenavista, East Bolivia, ToD metres, August 1908 — April 1907 (type) 
(1 t?), Province Sara, Department Santa Cruz de la Sierra, April — May 1904, 1 S 
(J. Steinbach). 

22. Antichloris metallica sp. nov. 

3. Head and antennae black ; thora.x black with cu[)reoas spots ; abdomen 

golden cupreous with white sublateral bands, first segment green. Forewing : 

basal half bright metallic golden green, apical half black. Hindwing: costal 

half grey, rest black-brown. 

? similar, but metallic colour on forewings more bluish. 

Length of forewing : c? 19 mm. ; ? 18 mm. 

Hub. Paramba, Ecuador, April 1897, and November — December 1898, dry 
season (W. Rosenburg). 2 cJc?, 2 ? ?. 

23. Napata pseudolelex sp. nov. 

i ? . Differs from lelex Druce in the absence of the white fringe on the 
hindwings. 

Ilab. Zamora, Ecuador, 3000 — 4000 ft. (0. T. Baron) (type), 3 .^c?; Canca 
Valley, 2 iS, 1 ?; Bogota, Colombia, 1 i ; Venezuela, 1 ?. 

24. Empyreuma sanguinea nom. nov. 

I have renamed this insect, as the name of lichas Fab. is doabtfnl, and 
sanguitwsa Martyn cannot be used, as "Psyche" of Martyn was never published, 

25. Empyreuma sanguinea portoricensis subsp. nov. 
Differs from s. sanguinea by the duller red and wider terminal margins of the 
forewings. 

Hab. Porto Rico, West Indies. 1 cJ, 1 ? (Felder coll.). 

26. Empyreuma affinis sp. nov. 

S ? . Differs from sanguinea in the forewings being chocolate, not scarlet, the 
terminal margin very much wider and black-brown, fonr-fifths of the costa and 
basal si.xth of inner margin being crimson and the margin of hindwings being much 
broader and black, while the liindwing itself is crimson. 

Ilab. Holgnin, Cuba (H. S. Parish). 3 c?c?, 2 ? ?; type, ?. 



( 1S6 ) 

27. Empyreuma afl5nis haitensis snbsp. nov. 
<J ? . Differs from a. a/^ni.-< in having forewiugs rufons chestnut and hind wings 
scarlet. 

Hub. Haiti, 1898 (type), 2 c^d' ; St. Domingo (Felder coll.), 2 ? ?. 

28. Autochloris aflSnis sp. nov. 

S. Allied to imperialis H. S. Differs in its mnch broader wings, its coppery 
green, not coppery pnrple, fdrowings, which have the costal area green, not black, 
and area below vein 1 green with black central dot, not black ; disc of hindwing 
most frequently green, not black. 

? . Similar, but with black hindwing. 

Length offorewing: imperialis, <S 23 mm.; affi/i/s, S 21 mm. 

Breadth „ „ : „ „ 1 1 „ ; „ „ 8 „ 

Hah. Agnalani, S.E. Pern, IJOUO— iii,(i()() ft., March 1904 (G. Ockenden) (type), 

3 c?c?, 1 ?: Limbani, Carabaya, 2500 ft., April 1904, dry season (G. Ockenden), 

4 (?(?; Hnancabamba, Cerro de Pasco, Pern, 6000—10,000 ft. (Bottger), 8 £?<?; 
Rio Inambari to Limbaiu, S.E. Peru, March 1904 (G. Ockenden), 1 c? ; Oconeque, 
and Oconeque to Agnalani, Carabaya, 60(10—9000 ft., March 1904 and 1905 
(G. Ockenden), 2 S i \ Zamora, Ecuador, 3000—4000 ft. (0. T. Baron), 1 c?. 

29. Eupyra distincta sp. nov. 

<?. Pectns white; head and antennae l>lack, a white spot behind eye; thorax 
black, basal half of patagla and minute Aot near apex white ; abdomen black, a 

creamy yellow transverse band on three penultimate segments. Forcwing black, 

powdered with metallic green scales near base and between veins 2 and 5 or 6, two 
vitreous spots in cell, one beyond it, one below median nervure, and one on each 

side of vein 4. Hindwing black shot with purple, a vitreous spot in cell and 

one below median ; tornns, median vein, and costal area more or less metallic 
azure bine. 

Length of forewing : 21 mm. 

Hab. Venezuela. 1 S. 

30. Callopepla grandis sp. nov. 

?. Head, antennae, and thorax greyish black; abdomen pale metallic bine 

above, darker on basal half, brown-black below. Forewing black, cell powdered 

in patches with orange scales, a hair-line on inner margin, a line on vein 1 and a 
band above vein 1 orange, from subcostal nervure beyond cell nearly to termen 

above vein 2 a broad oblique orange band. Hindwing black, strongly glossed 

with metallic blue on basal and abdominal areas. 

Length of forewing: 22 ram. 

Ilab. Rio Grande do Sul. 1 ? . 

31. Cyanopepla baroni sp. nov. 

cJ. Pectus pale yellow; antennae black; head and tegnlae metallic green; 

abdomen above metallic aijnamarine bine, below yellow. Forewing chocolate 

brown, costa and basal half of inner margin orange, a scarlet snbbasal streak. 



. ( I-^" ) 

Hiuchving dark brown, fringe orange and yellow; a large discal wedge-shaped patch 
rnns from base to termen ; basal half intense metallic blue, onter half crimsou scarlet. 

? . Similar. 

Ilah. Zamora, Ecnador, 300U— 4()U(l ft. (0. T. Baron). 1 cf, 1 ?. 

32. Cyanopepla submacula borealis subsp. nov. 

■ J ?. DiiFers from s. subinacnUi in the much greater extent of the silvery blue 
scaling on body and forewings, in the much broader reddish orange or crimson band 
above vein 1 of forewings, and in having no red markings on hindwings above. 
Hah. San Pedro Sula, Honduras. \ iS,\ ?. 

33. Cyanopepla beata sp. nov. 

(^?. All wings very narrow. Antennae black; head, thorax, and abdomen 

glittering blue. Forewing black with snbbasal blue streak; a large crimson 

wedge-sha[)ed band reaches from base to termen above vein 1 and between it and 
cell. Hindwing lilack, a crimson patch at apex. 

Length of forewing: (? 17 mm. ; ? 1.5 mm. 

Hah. Chiriqui, Panama; type, ?. 

34. Cyanopepla dognini sp. nov. 

i ?. Allied to giranli Dogn. Pectus and palpi orange, last palpal joint, head, 
and antennae black ; thorax sooty black-brown ; abdomen black glossed with deep 

purple blue, anal tuft orange. Forewing dirty black-brown, veins grey, a large 

creamy patch beyond cell and a small indistinct one between veins 2 and 3, fringe 

at apex wliite, rest grey. Hindwing black glossed with dark pnrplc blue, fringe 

white. 

Length of forewing : IS mm. 

Hah. Sapucay, Paraguay, November 26, 1004 (W. Foster), 1 S (type) ; Rio 
Burmejo to Rio Pilcomayo, December 1903 (J. Steinbach), 1 ? ; Paraguay, 1 ? ; 
Parana, Entre Rios, 2 SS.- 

Tlie Rio Burmejo ? has not got the second creamy spot on forewings. 

35. Trichodesma klagesi sp. nov. 

6. Head orange buff; antennae brown; tcgulae olive; thorax brown, patagia 

with central olive streak and edges ; abdomen black-brown above, white below. ■ 

Forewing dark umber-brown ; vein 1, fold above vein 1, median and subcostal veins, 
greyish yellow ; a broad orange-buff oblique band from costa beyond cell to tornus. 

Hindwing: basal two-thirds obliquely semivitreous sooty grey above, white 

below, outer third sooty brown-black. 

? has hindwing less transparent, almost uniform sooty brown-bhick. 

Length of forewing : 18 mm. 

Hah. Fonte Boa, Amazons, July 1906, 2 Si{t\\>&)\ La Union, Canra River, 
July, August 1901, 19 S S ; Guyapa, L'aura River, November 24— December 10, 
1902, 7 c?(?, 1 ? (S. M. Klages); Calama, Rio Madeira, August— October 1907 
(W. Hoffmanns), 1 3. 



{ 158 ) 

36. Trichodesma perplexa sp. nov. 

c?. Differs from /dagesi by its miicli limailer wings, narrower obliqne band 
on forewing, uniform black-brown bindwings, and brown, not white, underside of 
abdomen. 

Ilab. Fonts Boa, Amazons, Jnne 1900 and May 190T (S. M. Klages), 7 cjt? 
(type) : 8anto Antonio do Javary, Upper Amazons, May 1007 (S. M. Klages), 
1 3 ; Teffe, Amazons, September 1907 (M, de Matban), 1 ?. 

37. Trichodesma hofFmannsi sp. nov. 

<J?. Differs iroxo. perplexa in having narrower wings. Hindwing above 

with wide central longitndinal orange-bnff band from base to termen ; below the 
bindwings are similar, but abdominal area is greyisii white. 

//(7^. Pozuzu, Huanuro, 800 — lOOo metres (\V. Hoti'manns), 1 i (type); Buena- 
vista. East Bolivia, 750 metres, August 190(i to April 1907 (.J. Steinbach). 

38. Trichodesma nitens sp. nov. 

tJ. Legs brown, inner side white; pectus white; palpi brown on sides, white 
in front; head black with two white sjiots ; antennae black; thora.x and abdomen 
black-brown strongly glossed with purple ; underside of abdomen black-brown with 

two longitudinal white bands. Forewing black-brown, a broad cinnamon-buff 

oblique hand beyond cell reaching from costa almost to tornus. Hindwing 

black very strongly glossed with purple. 

Length of forewing : 20 mm. 

llab. La Union, Caura lliver, June 1902 (type); Maripa, Caura River 
(S. M. Klages). 

39. Trichodesma similis sp. nov. 

(?. Allied to nitens, but larger and wings much broader. Head, antennae, 

thorax, and abdomen black. Forewing black, veins paler, a broad orange-buff 

oblique band across end of cell from costa almost to tornns.- Hindwing, costal 

half black, abdominal half dark sooty grey. 

Length of forewing : 22 mm. 

Hab. Fonte Boa, Upper Amazons, May 1906 (S. M. Klages). 

40. Trichodesma parva sp. nov. 

(?. A small species with very narrow wings. Above black-brown ; nervnres 
of forewings paler orange-buff, oblique band rounded. Underside of body white. 
Length of forewing: 14 mm. 
Hab. Maripa, Caura River (S. M. Klages). 

41. Coreura engelkei sp. nov. 

c?. Pectus white ; palpi and sides of neck and head scarlet ; head and antennae 
black ; tegnlae black with narrow scarlet edges, rest of thorax and abdomen 

black glossed with blue. Forewing black, a transverse obli(|ue scarlet band 

beyond cell from costa almost to tornus, fringe at apex white. Hindwing brilliant 

bine, fringe scarlet. 

Length of forewing : 21 mm. 

Ilab. Onaca, Sta. Marta 2000 ft. (Engelke). 



( 159 ) 

42. Aclytia jonesi sp. nov. 

(??. Pectus and uadersicle of abdomen white; head and antennae black- 
brown ; thorax dark greyish brown ; collar, outer half of teguliu and spot at base 
of forewing bright orange, central line of patagia greyish yellow; abdomen sooty 

black with glittering green-blue lateral patches. Forewing velvety brown, veins 

greyish yellow, a brilliant orange sjiot at end of cell. Hindwing sooty black 

washed with dark pnr[)lish bine, costal area testaceous grey, centre of wing hyaline 
white. 

Length of forewing : 10 mm. 

Hub. Sao Panlo, 2 c?(? ; CJastro Parana (E. D. Jones), 1 S. 

43. Aclytia klagesi sp. nov. 

S ? . Pectus and underside of abdomen bufiy cream ; head and antennae 
sooty black, vertex with metallic blne-greea spot ; thorax sooty black ; abdomen 
glittering coppery blue-green, subdorsal sooty black bands on first four segments 

uniting on remaining segments into a dorsal median band. Forewing sooty 

black. Hindwing sooty black with deep blue gloss, median area hyaline 

white. 

Length of forewing : 18 mm. 

Ilak Maripa, Caura River (type); La Union, Caura River, Marcli— June 1902; 
Guyapa, Caura River, 24. xi.— 10. xii. 1902 (S. M. Klages) ; Yungas de Coroico, 
Bolivia, 1800 metres, October 1906— March 1907 (Otto Garlepp). 

44. Aclytia affinis sp. nov. 

c??. Differs from the preceding in its pure white pectus, and underside of 
abdomen, smaller size, single dorsal black band on abdomen, and iu the reduced 
white area of hindwing, which is semi-hyaline, not hyaliue. 

Length of forewing : 15 mm. 

Hab. La Union, Caura River, March— June 1902 (S. M. Klages). 

46. Aclytia flavicaput sp. uov. 

S ? . Pectus and underside of abdomen orange ; head and collar orange, vertex 
black ; antennae sooty black ; thorax sooty black, central line of patagia dull greyish 
yellow ; abdomen glittering green-blue with broad dorsal central sooty-black band 

on first four segments. Forewing sooty brown-black, nervures paler. Hind 

wing black with blue gloss, central area hyaline white. 

Length of forewing: 16 mm. 

Hab. La Vuelta, Caura River, April 1903 (type): Maripa, ("anra River, La 
Union, Caura River, May 1902 (.S. M. Klages); Onaca, Sta Marta, 2200 ft., wet 
season, November 1901 (Engelke); Paramaribo, December 1892 (C. W. EUacombe). 

46. Aclytia coeruleonitens sji. nov. 

? . Pectus and underside of abdomen white ; basal joint of palpi orange ; head 
sooty black with two narrow whitish streaks ; antennae black ; thorax sooty 
brown, orange dots on tegnlae ; abdomen uniform glittering greca-blne, a patch of 



( 100 ) 

sooty black hair on first segment. Forewing sooty browu. Himln-ing black 

with bine gloss, central area hyaline white. 

Length of forewing : 10 mm. 

Hab. Bnenavista, East Bolivia, T.jii metres, August lOOd — April 1907 
(J. Steiubach). 

47. Aclytia hoffmannsi sp. nov. 

c? ? . Pectus and underside of abdomen white; basal joint of palpi orange; 
head and antennae black-brown ; thorax black-brown, orange spot on tegnlae, central 
line of patagia paler; abdomen glittering bine.- — —Forewing dark chocolate brown, 

veins paler, a large orange sjiot at end of cell. Hiudwing black slightly glossed 

with blue, central area hyaline white. 

Length of forewing : 18 mm. 

Hab. Pozuzn, Huanuco, Pern, 8U0 — 1000 metres (W. Hoflfmanus) (type) ; 
Chanchamaj-o, Pern, 2100 — 7oOO ft. 

48. Aclytia reducta sp. nov. 

c? ? . Pectus and underside of abdomen white ; head and antennae black ; thorax 
brown-black with two central white dots ; abdomen glittering blue-green, with 

central dorsal black band broadest near base. Forewing brown-black with 

orange spot at end of cell. Hindwing black, central hyaline wliite area much 

reduced. 

Length of forewing : lO'.") mm. 

Hab. Maripa, ('aura River (S. M. Klages). 

49. Euagra klagesi sp. nov. 

c?. Nearest allied to nzure.a Walk. Pectus and underside of body white ; 
basal and middle joint of palpi crimson, apical joint black ; head white, vertex and 
antennae black ; collar crimson ; thorax black strongly glossed with blue ; abdomen 
deep bright blue, sides of first segment and median dorsal line lavender. Fore- 
wing black glossed with deep blue, a line from base between costa and subcostal 
vein one-fifth the length of wing pale lavender, a hyaline bluish white patch in cell, 
a similar larger one between veins 2 and 3, and a smaller one above vein 3, fringe 

iit apex white. Hindwing brilliant blue, a median hyaline band from base almost 

reaching to termen between veins 2 and 3. ? similar, but with blunter apex to 
forewings. 

Length of forewing : i 21 mm., ? 17 mm. 

Hab. Albina, Surinam, January 1905 (S. M. Klages). 

50. Micragra borealis sp. nov. 

S 2 . Nearest allied to sangukeps Hamps. Pectns and underside of body 
white ; head white, vertex and collar crimson ; thorax glittering green, apical 
two-thirds of patagia sooty black-brown ; antennae sooty black-brown ; abdomen 

glittering green, a median sooty black-brown band on all but basal segment. 

Forewing sooty black-brown, base glittering green ; an oval oblique creamy white 

patch reaches from median vein almost to tornus, apex white. Hindwing sooty 

black-brown, an oval white patch in lower half of wing, a glittering green line runs 
along vein 1 from the base for two-thirds its length. 



( 161 ) 

Length of forewing : 14 mm. 

Hab. Marip.a, Canra River (type) ; La Vuelta, Canra River, Jnne 1903 (S. M. 
Klages). 

51. Ag:yrta lacteicolor sp. nov. 

c?. Pectus and underside of liody white ; basal joint of palpi and collar crimson ; 
head black with two lateral white bands ; antennae heavily pectinated white, 
pectinations black ; thorax sooty brown with ceotral whitish band ; abdomen blue 

with median white band. Forewiiig black, a small semihyaline longitndiual 

patch in cell and a larger similar one on basal half of vein 2, a broad median 
semi-hyaline baud reaching from base to half-way along vein 2 cream-colour, a 

semi-hyaliue white patch on each side of vein 5. Hindwing : basal half buffy 

cream-colour, outer half black glossed with blue. 

Length of forewing : 23 mm. 

Hab. Pozuzu, Huanuco, Peru, 800 — 1000 metres (W. Hoffmanns). 

52. Agyrta mathani sp. nov. 

?. Pectus grey; antennae black, head and tegulae glittering blue edged with 

black ; thorax and abdomen sooty brown-black with subdorsal blue bands. • 

Forewing black with white apical fringe ; costal area for two-thirds its length from 
base and a band along basal two-thirds of vein 1 metallic peacock blue ; an oblique 
hyaline patch surrounded with bright blue e.xtends from subcostal nervnre almost 

to toruus above vein 1. Hindwing brilliant blue, somewhat blackish towards 

apex, costa grey, a median hyaline band from btse almost to termen at vein 3, all 
nervures in band blue. 

Length of forewing : 21 mm. 

Hab. Muzo, Colombia, July 1903 (M. de Mathan) (type) ; Paramba, Ecuador, 
3500 ft., Jnne 1897 (dry season) (W. H. Rosenberg) ; Bogota ; Cananche, Cundina- 
marca, Jnly 1903 (M. de Mathan). 

53. Agyrta chena garleppi subsp. nov. 

c? ? . Differs from che'na ckena Druce on forewing in the much larger semi- 
hyaline patches on each side of vein 4, in the semihyaline streak below vein 2 
reaching to base of wing, and in the much wider and longer lavender-bine band 
along vein 1 ; on the hindwing the median semihyaline band is also much wider 
and longer. 

Ilab. Yungas de Coroica, Bolivia, 1800 metres (type) ; Yungas de la Paz, 
Bolivia, November 1899, 1000 metres, Rio Tanampaya, Bolivia, 1894 (Garlepp) ; 
Rio Cachiaco (Maxwell Stnart). 

54. Agyrta bifasciata sp. nov. 

?. Pectus whitish; head black-brown with lateral white bands, vertex and 
collar scarlet ; thorax blackish brown with a lilac-blue wash and median and lateral 
white lines ; abdomen sooty black-brown washed with lilac blue and with median 

white line. -Forewing sooty brown-black with lavender band along basal half of 

.vein 1, an obli([np vitreous band across centre of cell from subcostal nervure towards 
termen reacliing two-thirds tiie length of vein 2, a similar postmediaa band between 



(162) 

veins 4 and 6. Hindwing sooty brown-black slightly glossed with blue, with 

median vitreons band. 

Length of forewing : 19 mm. 

Hah. \\\o Demerara, British Gniana. 

55. Agyrta klagesi sp. nov. 

cJ. Pectus snow-white ; head bine, verte.\ and antennae black ; thorax 
velvety black with glittering bhie-green spots on tegnlae and patagia ; abdomen 
black, median line bine-grey, lateral rows of metallic green-blue spots. Fore- 
wing velvety black, a white spot at ape.x, a semihyaline white oblique jiatcli 
reaching from subcostal at apex of cell almost to three-rpiarters the length of vein 2 
towards tornus, a brilliant blue-green streak from base one-third the length of 

wing on subcosta and a similar one on vein 1 for the basal half of its length. 

Hindwiug black, central area from base almost to tornus hyaline, a black hook on 
discocellulars. 

? similar, but with shorter, blunter forewiugs. 

Length of forewing : S 19 mm., ? lT-5mm. 

Hab. La Vuelta, Caura River, May 1903 (type); Gnyapa, Canra River, 
November 24 — December 10, 1902 ; Maripa, Caura River (S.M. Klages). 

56. Agyrta abdominalis sp. nov. 

(?. Pectus, outside of palpi, and underside of abdomen white ; head and 
thorax black with white dots ; antennae black ; abdomen sooty black slightly 

glossed with bine, two subdorsal greyish white lines. Forewing black, a broad 

glittering blue band two-fifths along wing above vein 1, a hyaline patch in cell, 
and a larger one below median vein, a hyaline oblique postdiscal band reaching from 

subcosta almost to termen at vein 3. Hindwing black with central hyaline 

band, abdominal area glittering blue. 

$ similar. 

Length of forewing: c? 15 mm., ? 17 mm. 

Hab. Humayta, Rio Madeira, July — September 1906 (W. Hoffmanns) (type) ; 
Gourdonville, Kouroa River, Cayenne, September 1905 (E. Le Moult) ; Berg- 
en-Daal, Surinam, April 1S92 (C. W. EUacombe) ; Suapure, Venezuela, 
February 22, 1899. 

57. Agyrta buchwaldi sp. nov. 

cJ ? . Pectus white, underside of abdomen orange ; antennae black ; head, 

thorax, and abdomen deep blue. Forewing deep blne-pnrple, a hj'aline patch 

in cell, a large similar one from base above vein 1 to beyond middle of vein 2, 
a similar hyaline spot above basal half of vein 2 ; an oblique hyaline patch at end 

of cell reaches from subcosta almost to termen at vein 3. Hindwing hyaline 

with wide deep blue-purple border. 

Length of forewing : cT 18 mm., ? 17 mm. 

Hab. Qnevedo, W. Ecuador (W. Bnchwald) (type) ; Cauanche, Candinamarca, 
Colombia, August 1903 (M. de Mathan) ; Yungas de Coroica, Bolivia, 1800 metres 
(Garlepp) ; Allianca, below San Antonio, Rio Madeira, November — December 1907 
(W. Hoffmanns). 



( 163 ) 

58. Ag-yrta nitens sp. nov. 

(?. Pectus .and underside of abdomen white ; antennae black ; head bkie 

with white spot on frons ; thorax and abdomen brilliant deep bine. Forewing 

brilliant deep bine, basal above vein 1 and below snbcostal hyaline ; a h3'aline 
oblique patch reaching from snbcosta at apex of cell almost to termen at 
vein 3. Hindwing hyaline, with veins and wide border brilliant deep blue. 

5 has dark portions black glossed with deep blae. 

Length of forewing: <? 20 mm., ? 19 mm. 

Hab. ('ananche, Cnndinaraarca, Colombia, Jnly 1903 (M. de Mathan) (type); 
Bogota; Paramba, Ecuador, 35UU ft., April 1897, dry season (W. H. Rosenberg); 
Poznzn, Department Hnannco, Pern (Hoffmanns). 

59. Agyrta acutipennis sp. nov. 

?. Similar to above, but apex of forewing drawn out to a sharp jwint. 
Pectus sooty black ; underside of abdomen brownish orange ; head, thorax, and 

abdomen bright purple-bine. Forewing bright purple-blue, changing more 

blackish in some lights, a hyaline streak in cell and a large one below median vein 
from base two-thirds along vein 1, a transverse hyaline postiliscal patch from 

subcosta at apox of cell to termen at vein 2. Hindwing hyaline with black 

veins and a broad deep blue border. 

Length of forewing : 21 mm. 

Hab. Bogota, Colombia, 1898. 

60. Agyrta ockendeni sp. nov. 

?. Allied to ahclominalis. Pectus sooty black; underside of abdomen white 
with median dark band ; antennae black ; head, thorax, and abdomen glittering 

blue. Forewing, basal two-fifths glittering bine, rest sooty black glossed with 

dark blue, a liyaiine streak in cell and a much larger and longer one below 
median vein, an oblique h^valine band from subcosta at apex of cell almost to 

termen at vein 3. Hindwing sooty black glossed with dark bine, abdominal 

area glitterino: blue, a median hyaline band from base almost to termen. 

Length of forewing : 17 mm. 

TIab. La Union to Santo Domingo, Caraba3-a, Pern, 2000 — 6500 ft., January 1905 
(wet season) (G. Ockenden). 

61. Agyrta pulchriformis sp. nov. 

cj. Pectus and underside of alidomen greyish white ; head black with white 
frontal patch ; antennae black ; thorax and abdomen blue, patagia pale bluish 

grey. Forewing black slightly glossed with blue, a large hyaline patch above 

vein 1 for four-fifths its length, an oblicjue postdiscal hyaline patch from subcosta 

almost to termen above vein 4. Hindwing hyaline with black border glossed 

with blue and strongly dilated at abdominal area and ajtex. 

Length of forewing : 14 mm. 

JIab. La Oroya, Rio Inambari, Peru, September 19U4, 31<)0 ft. (dry season) 
(G. Ockenden). 



( 164 )• 

62. Agyrta semihyalina sp. nov. 

d. Pectns white; uuderside sooty black with two parallel white bands; head 
black ; frons and two spots on vertex white ; thorax and abdomen sooty black, 

spots on tegnlae, central band of patagia and median band white. Forewing sooty 

black, a broad semihyaline white band above vein 1 from base for three-fifths its 
length, an oblique jiostdiscal semihyaline patch from snlicosta almost to termen at 
vein 3. Hindwing sooty black with very broad median semihyaline white band. 

Length of forewing : 16 mm. 

Hub. Fonte Boa, Upper Amazons, July 1907 (S. M. Klages). 

63. Agyrta rubroanalis sji. nov. 

?. Pectus sooty black ; head, thorax, and abdomen sooty black glossed with 

blue, anal segment crimson, anal tuft sooty black. Forewing, basal half hyaline 

with costa and inner margin broadly black glossed with blue and with a very large 
and wide hyaline oblique patch from subcosta at end of cell almost to termen at 
vein 2. 

Length of forewing: 17 mm. ; breadth 10 mm. 

Had. Cachab(^, Western Ecnador;(low country), January 1897 (W. H. Eosenberg). 

(j4. Agyrta germana sp. nov. 

(?. At first sight this insect's pattern is similar to A, nitens, but the dark 
margin of the hindwing reaches farther up the abdominal area and is more dilated 
inwards towards median vein. It is smaller, has narrower wings, and is not so 
blue, and can be at once distinguished by the white spots on the tegnlae and at 
base of patagia, and by the two subdorsal and sublateral lavender-grey lines on 
the abdomen. 

Hab. Albina, Surinam, January 1905 (type) ; La Vuelta, Caura, May 1903; La 
Union, Caura, May 1902; Corosita, Caura, June 19U4; Maripa and Suapnre (Caura), 
Venezuela, March 6, 1899 (S. M. Klages); ?(Felder coll.). 

0.5. Agyrta pseudodelphire sp. nov. 

cJ. Pectus bufl'; underside of abdomen with two white bands; head and 
antennae black-brown; thorax black-brown, with white bands on patagia; abdomen 

brown, strongly glossed with blue. Forewing purple brown, basal half of 

subcostal nervure white, a white oblique band at apex of cell from subcostal to 

vein 1 above tornus. Hindwing sooty black, strongly glossed with blue, a 

central white band from base to half-way along vein 2. 

? has shorter and much broader wings, and differs in having the frons white 
and vein 1 white in forewing. 

Length of forewing : cJ 20 mm. ; ¥ 18 mm. 

The hiudwings are much bluer, and the median band is almost obsolete. 

Hal). Merida, Venezuela (Briceno). 

06. Agyrta birchi sp. nov. 

cJ ? . Pectns and underside of abdomen snow-white ; head white, vertex and 
antennae black ; thorax brown-black ; abdomen blue witli interrupted and some- 
what obsolete white median line. Forewing velvety black with oblique median 

white bar extending from subcostal towards tornus to half-way between median 



( 165 ) 

and vein 1, fringe at apex whife. -Himlwing above velvety black with white 

ajiical fringe, abdominal area broadly monse-grev ; below the abdominal one-third 
of wing, the basal third of costal area, and the aj)ex pure white. 

Length of forewing : 14 mm. 

Hub. San Jacinthe Valley, Theophilo Ottoni, Minas Geraes, 1907-8 (F. Birch) 
(type) ; Minas Geraes, 1897 (ex coll. Frnhstorfer). 

07. Agyrta birclii borealis snbsp. nov. 

S. Differs from b. birchi in its larger size and white abdominal area of hind- 
wings above. 

Length of forewing : 10 mm. 

Hab. Corosito, Canra River, June 1904 (S. M. Klages). 

68. Agyrta birchi pumila snbsp. nov. 

S ? . Differs from h. birchi by its small size, narrower and more pointed fore- 
wing, in the white abdominal area of hindwing above, and in the absence on 
hiudwing below of white basal part of costal area and white apex. 

Length of forewing : 12 mm. 

Hab. Allianca, below San Antonio, Rio Madeira, and Calama, Rio Madeira, 
November — December 1907 (\V. Hoffmanns). 

69. Delphire rufiventris hampsoni subsp. nov. 

S. Pectus, underside of and sides of abdomen brick-red; basal joint of palpi 
brick-red ; head, antennae, and thorax mouse-grey ; collar and spots on tegnlae 
crimson-scarlet ; abdomen mouse-grey with brick-red intra-segmental rings on 

aj)ical half Forewing mouse-grey, nervures darker, and some of the interspaces 

on basal half and jiostdiscally whitish semihyaline. Hindwing sooty black 

washed with blue ; abdominal area mouse-grey ; median area greyish hyaline. 

Length of forewing : 24 mm. 

llah. Sauto Domingo, Carabaya, Peru, 0000 ft., June 1902 (dry season) 
(G. Ockendeu). 

7n. Delphire rufiventris orientalis subsp. nov. 

S . Differs from ;■. hampsoni by the scarlet vertex to head, much smaller size 
and deep brownish grey ni]iform colour of forewings and thorax. 

Length of forewing : 20 mm. 

Ilab. Allianca, below San Antonio, Rio Madeira, November — December 1907 
(W. Hoffmanns). 

71. Delphire rufiventris meridensis sabsp. nov. 

(J ¥ . Differs from r. hampsoni by its very broad, clay-grey reniform forewing, 
absence of blue gloss on hindwing, and sooty black abdomen. 
Hub. Merida, Venezuela (Briceuo). 

72. Delphire klagesi sp. nov. 

cJ. This is a near ally oi testacea Druce, but much darker and more distinctly 
marked. Pectus brown ; under.-iide of abdomen and basal joint of palpi orange ; 



( 16o ) 

head and antennae brown-grey ; vertex orange ; thorax and abdomen brown-grey 

with very slight bluish gloss. Forewing deep brown-grey with paler patch below 

cell and a white obliqne postdiscal band from subcosta to vein 3 near termen. 

Hindwing black, strongly glossed with dark blue, a median hyaline area. 

? similar, but entire head orange, and forewing yellowish grey-brown. 

Length of forewing : 22 mm. 

Bab. Aroewarwa Creek, Maroewym Valley, Surinam, April 1905 (type); La 
Union, Canra River, March 1902 ; La Vnelta, Caura River, Jnne 1903 ; Maripa, 
Canra River (S. M. Klages) ; St. Laurent dn Maroni, Cayenne (E. Le Moult); Rio 
Demerara, British Guiana ; Potaro, British Guiana ; Calama, below Rio Machados, 
Rio Madeira, August — October 1907; Allianca, below San Antonio, Rio Madeira, 
November — December 1907 (W. Hofi'manns). 

73. Delphire infra-alba sp. nov. 

cj. Pectus, tibiae below, and underside of abdomen white ; head, antennae, 
and thorax sooty black-brown, collar and small dots on tegulae crimson ; abdomen 

sooty black, slightly glossed with dark bine. Forewing sooty black-brown, 

intraneural spaces on basal half between subcosta and intraneural fold and a 

transverse postdiscal indistinct band semihyaline whitish. Hindwing black, a 

central broad band hyaline. 

? similar, but more sooty brown-grey in colour. 

Length of forewing : 19 mm. 

Hab. La Union, Canra River, Angnst 1901 (type); Maripa, Canra River; 
La Vnelta, Caura River, Jnne 1903 ; Guyapa, Canra River, 24. xi. — 10. xii. 1902 ; 
San Esteban, Venezuela, July 1909 (S. M. Klages) ; St. Lanrent du Maroni, 
Cayenne, December 1905 (E. Le Moult). 

74. Heliura assimilis sp. nov. 

S. Allied closely to //. tetragramma. Walk. Differs from that species in its 
white, not brick-red, pectns and underside of abdomen, in the crimson, not brick-red, 
apical half of abdomen above, in the black-brown, not reddish butf, basal half of 
abdomen above, and in the black, not orange-red, nervures in the forewings. 

llab. Santo Domingo, Carabaya, Pern, ().")0() ft., November 1902 (G. Ockenden) 
(type); Goyaz Town, May 1900 (G A. Baer). 

75. Heliura distincta sp. nov. 

i. Pectus primrose yellow and rose pink ; head, thorax, and antennae olive- 
wood brown ; basal two-thirds of abdomen black, with basal orange dot ; apical 
third sooty grey.— Forewing bright olive-wood brown, nervures, some marks 
on costa and a double subterminal band of hastate marks yellowish grey, an 
ill-defined transverse antemedial band, and a postmedial well-defined one from 

costa to vein 3, i)iukish olive-white. Hindwing velvety black glossed with blue, 

a large median basal semihyaline white patch. 

Length of forewing : 19 mm. 

llab. Allianca, below San Antonio, Rio Madeira, November — December 1907 
(W. Hotlmauns) ; ? (Felder coll.). 



( 167 ) 

76. Heliura klagesi sp. nov. 

(??. Nearest to pkaesoma Driice. Differs in its pale yellowish salmon, not 
white, pectus and underside of abdomen, in the olive-brown, not orange-red, 
nervures of forewing, and in the semihyaline base of biudwing being less 
distinctly defined from the black-brown of the rest of the wing. 

Ilab. La Union, Caura River, May 1002 (type) ; Gnyapa, Caura River, Novem- 
ber 24— December 10, 1902 (S. M. Klages). 

77. Heliura klagesi meridionalis suhsp. nov. 
This race is very much larger and darker. 
Length of wing : klagesi klagesi, 1 6 mm. 

„ „ „ ,, meridionalis, 20 mm. 

Hab. Aroewarwa Creek, Maroewym Valley, Surinam, February 1903 (S. M. 
Klages) (type) ; Calama, below Rio Machados, Rio Madeira, August— October 1907 
(W. Hoffmanns); La Union, Rio Huacamayo, Caraba3'a, Peru, 2000 ft., wet season, 
November 1904 (G. Ockenden). 

78. Heliura rubrocincta sp. nov. 

(?¥. Pectus, coxae, and underside of abdomen rosy primrose; head and 
antennae brown ; thorax olive yellowish brown with sooty brown-black streaks 

and spots, abdomen sooty black, fourth, fifth, and sixth segments scarlet. 

Forewing yellowish olive-grey with a number of sooty wood-brown streaks and 
spots all over, mostly coalescent on disc. Hindwing : basal one-third semi- 
hyaline white, rest velvety black. 

Length of forewing : 17 mm. 

llab. Guyapa, Caura River, November 24 — December 10, 1902 (type); La 
Union, Caura River, 1901 and 1902 (S. M. Klages). 

79. Heliura germana sp. nov. 

c?. Similar to sericeay but abdomen altove velvety black. 

Hab. Aroewarwa Creek, Maroewym Valley, Surinam, February 1905 (S. M. 
Klages). 

80. Heliura bimaculita sp. nov. 

S . Pectus and underside of abdomen white ; frons white, vertex black, 
antennae lilack, collar crimson ; thorax black with two wliitish dots ; abdomen 

brilliant metallic blue. Forewing black, a patch in cell and one between 

veins 3 and 6 hyaline. Hindwing black, median area hyaline. On underside 

hindwing and basal half of forewing brilliant pale metallic blue. 

Length of forewing : 19 mm. 

Hab. Bogota, 1898. 

81. Heliura postflavida sp. nov. 

(??. Similar to dolens Schaus, but larger, and last two segments of abdomen 
orange, not black. 

Length of forewing: ? dolens, 15 mm. 

„ „ „ ,, post/lacida, 18 mm. 

12 



( 168 ) 

Breadth of forewing : ? dolens, 6-5 mm. 

„ „ „ „ postflatida, 9 mm. 

Hab. Maripa, Cam-a River (S. M. Klages). 

82. Heliura fuliginosa sp. nov. 

?. Head, body, and antennae above and below sooty black. Forewing 

sooty dark grey, intraneural spaces on disc more or less vitreous. Hind wing 

hyaline with black margins strongly dilated at aud near tornus. 

Length of forewing : 16 mm. 

Hab. Poznzu, Hnanuco, Pern, SOO-1000 metres (W. Hoffmanns). 

83. Heliura viridicingulata sp. nov. 

(?. Pectus and underside of abdomen white ; head and antennae black with 
minute white points ; thorax brown-black, a white point on tegnlae ; abdomen 
black with metallic green rings interrupted at median line. Forewing brown- 
black, a semihyaline whitish streak below median vein and a broad oblique hyaline 
postmedian band from subcosta to vein 3.— Hindwing hyaline, whitish with 
irregular black margins and nervures. 

Length of forewing : 15 mm. 

Hab. Rio Toro, La Merced, August— September 1901 (Simons). 

84. Heliura elongata sp. nov. 

S. Remarkable for the long narrow forewings. Pectus white, underside of 
abdomen sooty black with two transverse white bands ; head black ; antennae 
black with white tips and yellow spot at back of base ; thorax black with blue 
gloss, and yellowish olive-grey patches and an apical yellow spot; abdomen 

black with blue gloss, anal tuft whitish. Forewing yellowish olive-grey, base 

black with golden spot nervures, a median, and a postmedian, irregular broad 
bands blackish brown.— Hindwing : basal third hyaline, rest black with blue 
gloss. 

Length of forewing : 18 mm. 

Hab. Maripa, Caura River, La Vuelta, Canra River, May 1904 (S. M. 
Klages). 

85. Heliura coeruleocephala sp. nov. 

(?. Pectus whitish ; head shining blue ; thorax metallic yellowish blue 
tegnlae with crimson patch, patagia brown with paler stripe; abdomen brilliant 
metallic blue, with long black hair on basal three segments. Forewing wood- 
brown with nervures dark brown. Hindwing black glossed with blue, some of 

the intraneural spaces in median area semihyaline grey. 

Length of forewing : 20 mm. 

Hab. Santo Domingo, Carabaya, Pern, 6000 ft., June 1901 (ti. Ockenden). 

86. Heliura lemoulti sji. nov. 

tj. Allied to siifu.'ta Lathy, but forewings not so variegated. Pectus and base 

of coxae scarlet; head and antennae dark brown, vertex with two crimson spots ; 

thorax black-brown; abdomen black with glittering blue-green lateral bands (or 

rather the sides are glittering blue-green). Forewing black-brown, an indistinct 



( 1«9) 

brownish-grey spot in cell and a similar one bej'ond it. Hindwing senaihyaline 

greyish-white with very broad irregular black margins. 

Length of forewiiig : 20 mm. 

Hab. St. Laurent du Maroni, Cayenne, January 1906 (E. le Moult). 

87. Heliura fumata sj). nov. 

Unfortunately both specimens of this distinct species are badly rubbed. 

c?. Pectus whitish, underside of abdomen sooty black-brown with two white 
bauds ; head, thorax aud antennae sooty brown-black, crimson spots on tegulae ; 

abdomen sooty brown-black with slight blue gloss. Forewing sooty brown. • 

Hindwing sooty black with two broad whitish longitudinal patches in abdominal 
third of wing. 

Length of forewing: 20 mm. 

Bab. Pambilar, Ecuador (Flemming and Miketta) ; La Union, Rio Haacamayo, 
Carabaya, Peru, 2000 ft., wet season, December 1904 (G. Ockenden). 

88. Heliura ockendeni sp. nov. 

S. Pectus and underside of abdomen buify yellow; frons black, vertex yellowish 
grey, collar golden, antennae sooty black, white towards base ; thorax yellowish 
grey with black streaks and margins, tegulae black, yellowish grev in front ; 
abdomen first four segments black followed by three orange ones, anal segment 

black with buff dot. -Forewing white, costal and inner areas and nervnres 

yellowish buff, a subbasal black transverse band from which emanate several short 
black lines along costa and other nervures, a black spot above and below costa, 
a black spot in cell and one on costa aljove it, an irregular sooty black median band 
from costa to inner margin, a similar postdiscal one from costa to vein 4, and a 
subterminal row of sooty black spots, terminal fringe from apex to vein 4 sooty 

black. Hindwing: basal two-thirds semihyaline greyish-white, abdominal area 

mouse-grey, rest of wing sooty black. 

Length of forewing : 17 mm. 

Hab. Rio Huacamayo, Carabaya, Peru, dry season, 3100 ft., June 1904 
(G. Ockenden). 

89. Heliura pieroides sp. nov. 

?. There appear to be three very closely allied species, two of which have 
been much confused, but it seems that, according to available material, two have 
no names, the third having been referred to pierm Stoll. Pectus and underside 
of abdomen buff; head grey, vertex yellow ; antennae dark black-brown, basal 
third of shafts white ; thorax mouse-grey with sooty black spots and streaks ; 
tegulae sooty black with grey margins ; abdomen brown-black, a buffy yellow spot 

on two basal segments. Forewing whitish grey, nervnres more olive-Tey, 

a subbasal black narrow transverse band, a black spot on each side of vein near 
entre, a black spot in cell and one on costa above it, a broad discal irregular sooty 
black band at end of cell from costa to inner margin bifurcating below vein 2, 
a row of slightly obliterated sooty black subterminal spots and a postdiscal patch 

between costa and vein 4. Hindwing sooty grey with semiliyaline whitish 

patch in and above cell. 

Length of forewing : 19 mm. 

Hab. Fonte I'oa, Upper Amazons, .\ugust 1907 (S. M. Klages). 



Ci 



( no) 

90. Heliura stolli sp. nov. 

<S ? . Pectus and underside of abdomen deep rose-colonr ; head yellowish grey, 
vertex and collar crimson ; antennae black ; thorax and abdomen dark mouse-grey, 
bases of tegnlae and patagia greyish-yellow, tijts of patagia paler grey. — —Fore- 
wing : basal three-fourths greyish olive-yellow, apical one-fourth sootv grey with 
paler transverse median line, a sooty grey-black patch at base, a sooty grey-black 
spot below and above vein 1 one-third from base, a black spot in cell and one 
on costa above it, a double transverse row of sooty grey-black spots at end of 
cell. Hindwing dark sooty grey. 

Length of forewing : d 17 mm., ? 19 mm. 

JIab. Fonte Boa, Upjjer Amazons, August 1907 (S. M. Klages) (type) ; TeflFe, 
Amazons, September 1907 (M. de Mathan). Some females have the forewings 
greyer, less yellow. 

91. Heliura stolli meridionalis subsp. nov. 

cj. Differs from stoW stolli in the black abdomen, grey thorax, and the 
beautiful pearl-grey forewings with blae-grey spots and nervures. 

Hab. Allianca, below San Antonio, Rio Madeira, November — December 1907 
(W. Hoffmanns). 

92. Heliura rufipes sp. uov. 

? . Pectus brown, underside of abdomeu pale rose ; legs pale carmine, forei 
tibiae marked with fuscous ; head yellowish brown-grey spotted with black, collar 
and hind-vertex light carmine ; thorax olive-grey with sooty brown spots and 

a yellow line on patagia ; abdomen light carmine ringed with black. Forewing 

grey, nervures yellow, a nnmber of black spots ringed with yellow on basal third of 
wing, a broad irregular discal transverse band of sooty brown-black from costa to 
inner margin, a similar postdiscal band from costa to vein 5, a submarginal band of 

sooty brown-black patches. Hindwing sooty black, a semihyaline greyish-white 

patch above, in and below cell. 

Length of forewing : 21 mm. 

Hab. Santo Domingo, Carabaya, Peru, 0500 ft., wet season, December 1902 
(G. Ockenden). 

93. Heliura griseipuncta sp. nov. 

(?. A small species close to but smaller than halium Hamps. Pectus rose 
scarlet, underside of abdomen buff; head dark grey, collar carmine ; tborax mouse- 
grey with darker grey streaks and spots; abdomen carmine, anal tuft black. 
Forewing pale grey with blackish base and a few dark grey spots on basal two- 
fifths, a broad discal baud of dark grey spots, and apical one-fifth densely spotted 

with dark grey. Hindwing sooty grey with an irregular central area semihyaline 

pale grey. 

Length of forewing : 13 mm. 

Hab. llio Demerara, British Guiana, July 1S97. 

94. Apocerea hoffmannsi sp. nov. 

cJ. Allied to zonata Drnce. Pectus and underside of abdomen except last 
two segments buff; irons j'ale grey, vertex and collar orange; antennae blackish 



( 1-1 ) 

grey; thorax pale grey, margius of patagia and median line black; abdomen 

orange, broad sublateral bands and ai)ical segment black. Forewing greyish 

white, nervnres sooty black, a black patch on and below vein 1 for one-third 
its length, ending in an upwardly curved line, two arrow-shaped marks on outer 
half of vein 1, a nnmber of dark sooty grey patches on costa, at apex of cell, 

near tornns, and on apical fifth of wing. Hindwing semihyaline white, with 

narrow sooty brown margins, abdominal area pale mouse-grey. 

Length of forewing: 18 mm. 

Hab. Allianca, below San Antonio, Rio Madeira, November — December 1907 
(W. Hoffmanns) (type) ; Maripa, Canra River (S. M. Klages). 

95. Eucereon maricum amazonicum subsp. nov. 

c?. Similar to m. maricum, but the spots on the wing more coalesced, the 
postdiscal band yellower, and the oval snlibasal mark more distinct and regular; 
border of hindwings less intense black and more irregular. 

Ilab. Fonte Boa, Upper Amazons, May 1906 (S. M. Klages) ; Amazons 
(Bates) (Felder coll.). 

96. Eucereon postcoenileum sp. nov. 

c?. At once distinguishable from maricum Cram, by the entirely Nile bine 
hindwings, with only the fringe and a broad patch at apex black. 

Ilab. Allianca, below San Antonio, Rio Sladeira, November — December 1907 
(W. Hoffmanns) (type) ; Calama, Rio Madeira (W. Hoffmanns) ; La Vuelta, Caura 
River, May 1903, Maripa, Caura River (S. M. Klages) ; Rio Demerara, British 
Gniana. 

97. Eucereon perexcavatum sp. nov. 

<?. Differs from excaw.la Doga. b}' the sooty black, not salmon pink, underside 
of abdomen, by the uniform grey thorax, by the olive-yellow, not whitish grey, 
ground-colour of basal four-fifths of forewings, by the deep grey liindwings, which 
have the concavity of the terminal area deeper and tlie tornus more pointed and 
more produced. The abdomen above is also uniform slaty grey, not with apical 
half pale crimson. 

Length of forewing: excavata, 17 mm. 
„ „ „ perexcavatum, 19 mm. 

Hab. Fonte Boa, Upper Amazons, August 1907 (S. M. Klages). 

98. Eucereon kennedyi sp. nov. 

?. Pectus and underside of abdomen pale carmine; head sooty grey, collar 
orange ; antennae sooty grey with white tips ; thorax sooty grey with some 

lighter markings ; abdomen black, last three segments rosy carmine. Forewing 

pinkish orange-buft', basal two-fifths with a number of dark grey spots, a median 
broad irregnlar band of such spots, a subterminal row of similar spots, and a 

dark grey postdiscal patch reaching from costa to vein 5. Hindwing : basal 

three-fifths semihyaline grey, outer two-fifths dark sooty grey. 

Length of forewing : 16 mm. 

Jlab. Minas Geraes, South Brazil, October 19, 1900 (Kennedy). 



( n2 ) 

99. Eucereon integrum sp. nov. 

<?. Nearl)- allied to excavata Dogn., but with the terminal margin convex. 
Pectus and underside of abdomen carmine ; legs and jialpi uniform intense black ; 
head grey, antennae black ; thorax grey streaked and s])otted with darker grey ; 

thorax carmine, a yellow spot on basal segment, anal tuft black. Forewing 

yellowish mouse-grey, a snbbasal band, a spot on each side of vein 1, one in 
cell and one above it on costa black, a broad irregular discal band of dark grey 

spots, apical third dark grey with a pale grey transverse line. Hiadwing dark 

sooty grey, a pale semihyaline grey patch above cell. 

Length of forewing : 19 mm. 

Hah. Fonte Boa, Upper Amazons, May 1906 (S. M. Klages). 

100. Eucereon steinbachi sp. nov. 

?. Pectus and underside of abdomen pink; head and antennae sooty grey, 
collar golden; thorax olive-yellow, margins sooty grey; abdomen yellowish crimson, 

anal tuft and long rough hair on first three segments sooty grey. Forewing 

olive yellow, a terminal patch between veins 2 and 4 cream-white : the whole 
wing is covered with longitudinal dark sooty grey spots and lines which at end 

of cell, through being broken up, form a sort of roundish patch of smaller spots. 

Hindwing sooty grey. 

Length of forewing : 20 mm. 

Ilab. Buenavista, East Bolivia, 750 metres, August 1906 — April 190" (Jos^ 
Steinbach). 

101. Eucereon buchwaldi sp. nov. 

S. Closely allied to punctatum Gner. Differs from that species by the 
yellowish grey-white, not dark grey, pectus and underside of abdomen, by the 
dark grey markings on the thorax, by the median row of dark grey spots on 
abdomen, and by the irregular, often arrow-shaped spots and streaks on forewing 
instead of regular oval spots. 

llab. Qnevedo, West Ecuador (von Bnchwald). 

1ij2. Eucereon dilutius sp. nov. 

<J. Closely allied to leria Druce. Differs by the much larger, more separated, 
and somewhat obliterated dark spots on forewing and the much greater extent 
of orange-yellow on nervnres and borders of spots. 

Length of forewing: 21 mm. 

Hab. Minas Geraes, S. Brazil (Kennedy) (type) ; Onaca, Sta Marta, 2000 ft. 
(Engelke). 

103. Eucereon rubroanale sji. nov. 

S . Allied closely to cinctum Schaus. Differs by its sooty blaik, not bnff or 
whitish, underside of abdomen, its much darker thorax, its black-brown, not rufous 
grey-brown, forewiugs with the light marks reduced to a faint dot in cell and 
a very thin waved postmedian transverse line ; the pale area of hindwings is 
darker and less hyaline, so that the outer and dark half stands out much less 
distinctly. 



( 1-3) 

? differs from male in having red colonr of three end segments of abdomen 
much reduced. 

Length of forewing: cinctum, 15 mm. 
„ „ „ rubroanale, 12 ram. 

Hab. San Esteban, Venezuela, June 1909 (S. M. Klages) (type) ; Yungas de 
Coroico, Bolivia, 1800 metres (Garlepp). 

104. Eucereon rosenbergi sp. nov. 

S ? . Distinguished from melanoperas Hamps. by its larger size, large white 
postcellnlar patch in forewings, and by its sooty black, not red, underside of 
abdomen. 

Length of forewing : i 17 mm., ? 14 mm. 

Ilab. Paramba, Ecuador, 3500 ft., dry season, July 1897 (W. H. Rosenberg); 
Paramba, Ecuador, -January — August 1899, Lita, Ecuador, 3000 ft. (Flemming). 

105. Eucereon melanoperas bolivianum subsp. nov. 

i. Differs from m. melanoperas in having the light patches on the forewing 
greyish white, not dark grey. 

llab. Yungas de Coroico, Bolivia, 1800 metres (Garlepp). 

100. Eucereon formosum dognini snbsp. nov. 

S ¥ . Differs from formosum formosum in forewing being a dirtier yellowish 
grey-white, and hindwing a browner grey. 

Hab. Jalapa, Mexico, April 1897 (W. Schaus) (type); San Carlos, Costa Rica, 
June 1899 (Underwood). 

107. Eucereon quadricolor boreale subsp. nov. 

$ ? . Smaller and brighter than y. quadricolor, black spots larger ; forewing 
ground greyer, hindwing darker blackish grey. 

Hab. San Esteban, Venezuela, June 1909 (S. M. Klages). 

lo8. Eucereon quadricolor meridionale subsp. nov. 

(??. Still smaller; S almost uniform grey on fore- and hindwing; ? has 
forewing very white, hindwing yellowish brown-grey. 

Hub. Sapucay, Paragnay, 7. i. 1905 (W. Foster) ; Paraguay (Dr. Bohls). 
Length of forewing : quadricolor quadricolor, ? 21mm. 

,, „ ,, boreale, ? 16 mm. 

„ „ „ mendionale, ? 15 mm. 

109. Eucereon patronides sp. nov. 

cf . Differs from patrona Sclians in the pale carmine, not bnflf, pectus and under- 
side of abdomen, in the wider wings, less concave termen of hindwings, in the 
heavy black patches above the longitudinal black band of forewings, and in 
the heavier and denser general black spots and streaks of forewing. 

Length of forewing: STS mm. 

Hab. Santo Domingo, Carabaya, Peru, 6000 ft. dry season, May 1902 
(G. Ockenden). 



( 174) 

110. Eucereon conspicuum sj>. no v. 

(?. Pectus and nnderside of abdomen pale carmine : palj)i and bead yellow, 
antennae black ; thorax velvety black, inner halt' of tegnlae and a large patch near 
base of abdomen yellow ; abdomen crimson, basal and anal segments and median 

line of spots dark sooty grey. Forewing olive-greyish yellow ; nervnres, a large 

subbasal patch followed by a wavy line, a sjiot on costa and in cell, a very 
large discal patch, a jtostdi-scal waved line and patch from costa to vein 5, 

a subterminal row of dots and a terminal Hue velvety black. Hindwing 

semihyaline white, nervnres brown, margins, apical and abdominal areas grey. 

S has yellow of forewing brighter and abdomen above and below golden 
orange. 

Length of forewing : 26 mm. 

Ilab. Paramba, Ecnador, January— Angnst 1899 (Flemming) (type); Carre- 
bianco, Costa Rica (Lankester). 

111. Eucereon fosteri sp. nov. 

c??. Differs from leprota Drucc in its entirely red abdomen, only last 
segment being dark, in the more densely spotted forewings and in the greyish white 
semihyaline hindwings. 

Length of forewing : i 19 mm., ? 22 mm. 

Hab. Sapucay, Paraguay, 2. .xi. 1903 (W. Foster) (type) ; Patino Cue, Paraguay 
(Montforts). 

112. Eucereon pseudocasca sp. nov. 

(? ? . Differs from casca in the white, not yellow, patch on nnderside of 
abdomen, in the pale sea-green, not greyish orange, ground colour, in which the 
dark markings are much obliterated, and in the much whiter basal two-thirds of 
hindwings. 

Length of forewing : 19 mm. 

Hah. Santo Domingo, Carabaya, Pern, OonO ft., wet season, January 1902 
(G. Ockenden). 

113. Eucereon bricenoi sp. nov. 

i ? . Differs from Jlavicaput by its paler yellow ground colour, with discal 
portion of forewing and a postdiscal band from snbcosta to vein 3 white. 

Hab. Merida, Venezuela (Briceno) (tvpe) ; Choachi, Colombia, January 24, 
1898. 

114. Eucereon griseatum sp. nov. 

S ? . Differs from bricenoi in having all yellow portions of forewings olive- 
brown grey; hindwings in c? white on basal three-fourths, in ? uniform dark 
grey. 

Hab. Tinguri, Carabaya, Peru, 3400 ft., dry season, August 1904 (type) ; Santo 
Domingo, Carabaya, 6000 ft., dry season, Jnly 1902; La Oroya, Rio Inambari, 
S.E. Peru, 3100ft., March to September 1905 (G. Ockenden); Chanchamayo, 
Peru (Schuncke). 

115. Eucereon albidius sp. nov. 
i. Head whitish grey with orange spots ; antennae black ; thorax whitish with 
narrow sooty black margins ; abdomen dark sooty grey with large orange patch on 



( 1'5 ) 

last two segments. Forewing creamy white, three irregular zigzag transverse 

lines, the nervures and a large patch on and around discocellulars sooty brown. 

Hindwing sooty grey, nervures darker. 

? has ground colour of forewings greyer and disc of hindwing paler. 

Length of forewing : 27 mm. 

Ilab. Fonte Boa, Upper Amazons, September 1906 (S. M Klages) (type). 
Manaos, Amazons, September 1900 (M. de Mathan) ; Rio Janeiro. 

116. Eucereon schausi sp. nov. 

3 ? . Similar to so/ton, but much larger and whiter. 

Pectus and two very broad bands on underside of abdomen white ; head grey 
with orange spots ; thorax greyish white edged with sooty grey ; abdomen sooty 

grey, last segment yellow with basal black line or ring. Forewing white, a patch 

on discocellulars, some irregular spots and streaks and the nervures brown- 
black. — ■ — Hindwing semihyaline grey with darker margins. 

? sometimes slightly greyer. 

Length of forewing: 3 19 mm., ? 23 mm. 

Hab. Jalapa, Me.xico, April 1896 (W. Schaus) (type); San Jos6, Costa Rica 
(Underwood) ; Tuis, Costa Rica ; Onaca, Sta Marta, 2U00 ft., wet season, 
November 1901 (Engeike); Paramba, Ecuador, November — December 1898 (W. H. 
Rosenberg) ; Lita, Ecuador, 3000 ft. (Flemming). 

117. Eucereon tessellatum sji. nov. 

(?. Nearest to marmoraUim Butl. Differs in being smaller with narrower 
forewings. Tiie patagia are pale yellowish grey with brown-black borders, not 
dark grey with central black band ; the whole thorax is yellowish grey, not dark 

grey. Forewings yellowish grey, not dark grey ; basal fourth shaded with 

dark brown and the antemedial transverse angnlated lines are only visible below 
vein 1 ; nervures dark brown, a large irregnlar oblique ivedge-shaped band of dark 
brown from costa to tornus and two brown bands in apical region. 

Length of forewing : marmoratum, 23 mm. 

Breadth „ ■ „ 10 mm. 

Length „ tessellatum, Is mm. 

Breadth „ ,, 7 mm. 

Hab. La Vuelta, Canra River, Venezuela, May 1903 (S. M. Klages) (type); 
Maripa, Caura River (S. M. Klages) ; La Union, Canra River, August 1901 (S. M. 
Klages) ; Aroewarwa Creek, Maroewym Valley, Surinam, April 1905 (S. M. Klages) ; 
Allianca, below San Antonio, Rio Madeira, November — December 1907 (W. Hoff- 
manns). 

118. Eucereon marmoratum ab. atratum ab. nov. 

Forewings and thorax sooty brown-black with marbling darker. 

Ilab. La Union, Caura River, September 27— October 15, 1901 (S. M. Klages). 

119. Eucereon obliquifascia sp. nov. 

? . Similar to piloti Walker, but paler and the spotting on forewings larger 
and more irregular; the black streak on vein 3 is wanting and a broad oblique 
dark brown band crosses the wing from costa near middle of cell to tornus, 

Ilab. Port of Spain, Trinidad (F. Birch). 



( 176 ) 

120. Eucereon strix sp. no v. 

S. Pectus and underside of abdomen wliitish clonded witli dark brown ; head 

antennae, thorax, and abdomen dark soot}' brown. Forewing wood-brown densely 

irrorated with darker bmwn, a broad bhickish line starts across wing from costa 
two-fifths from base and curves round, joining base of wing on vein 1 ; a dark 
line on discocellulars, a curved postdiscal transverse line, followed by an obliiine 

whitish one to termen above vein 2, a curved snbterminal line and ape-^c whitish. 

Hindwings semihyalinc sooty grey, nervures and outer two-fifths darker. 

Length of forewing: 21 mm. 

Hab. San Cajetano, Colombia, 8000 ft., September 1902. 

]21. Eucereon fuscatum sp. nov. 

(S. Pectus brown ; underside of abdomen yellow banded with black ; antennae 
black; head dark brown with orange spots; thora.x dark brown; abdomen black, 

anal tuft orange. Forewing pale earth-brown or greyish wood-brown with 

irregular basal, median, postmediau, and subtermiual dark brown bands. Hind- 
wing : basal half semihyaline mouse-grey, outer half dark grey. 

Length of forewing : 17 mm. 

IM. Chimbo, Ecuador, 1000 ft., August 1897 (W. H. Rosenberg). 

122. Eucereon flemmingi sp. nov. 

(?. Pectus and underside of abdomen buff; antennae sooty black; head dark 
wood-brown, two orange spots on vertex ; thorax wood-brown ; abdomen crimson 
scarlet, a large patch of brown-grey hairs on middle of first three segments, last 

segment and sublateral lines dark wood-brown. Forewing pale wood-brown, disc 

with eight large and rest of wing with bands of smaller similar dark brown patches. 
Hindwing semihyaline brown-grey, nervures darker. 

Length of forewing : 22 mm. 

JIab. Lita, Ecuador, 3000 ft. (Flemming). 

123. Eucereon hampsoni sp. nov. 

c?. Very closely allied to aeoltim Hamps. Differs by pectus and underside of 
abdomen being pink, not yellow, the markings of the forcwings more coalesccut and 
less distinct, and the hindwing being semihyaline sooty black, not pale grey. 

Length of forewing : 10 mm. 

Hab. Santa Crnz de la Sierra, Bolivia, 1905 — 1906 (Jo86 Steinbach). 

124. Eucereon lithosioides sp. nov. 

cj. Pectus and underside of abdomen wood-brown ; antennae brown ; head and 

thorax pale yellowish wood-brown ; abdomen sooty brown, anal tuft yellowish. 

Forewing : basal four-fifths pale yellowish wood-brown, an ante- and a postmedian 
curved transverse shadowy band somewhat darker brown, a discocellnlar minute 
dot, one on median nervure, one at base of vein 2, and two on vein 1 near middle, 
and at tornus black, outer fifth brownish buff. Hindwing brownish grey, some- 
what semihyaline on disc. 



( 1-7 ) 

? similar, but with transverse bands more distinct, the whole wing covered 
with miaute striations and two distinct black dots on discocellulars. 

Length of forewing : c? 19 mm. ; ? 17 mm. 

llah. Rio Janeiro, Brazil (type) ; La Union, Canra River, Venezuela, 
September 27— October 15, 1901 (S. M. Klages). 

125. Eucereon fuscobrunneum sj). no v. 

iS. Uniform dark olive-brown ; abdonieu black with yellow anal tuft. 

Forewing with two transverse darker lines, a whitish oblique postdiscal shade from 
costa to tornus. Hind wing serailiyaline sooty black. 

? larger, and hindwing blacker. 

Length of forewing : cj 15 mm. ; ? 17-5 mm. 

Hah. Paramba, Ecuador, January — May 1897 (W. H. Rosenberg). 

126. Eucereon fuscoirroratum fuscoirroratum subsp. nov. 

cj. Uniform dark chocolate brown, irrorated on forewing with several irregular 
yellowish grey transverse lines and bands. 
Length of forewing : 14 mm. 
Hab. La Union, Caura River, Venezuela, May 1902 (8. M. Klages). 

127. Eucereon fuscoirroratum minus subsp. nov. 

tJ. Differs from f. fiiscoirrorat'/m by its smaller size and the orange lateral 
spots on each side of abdominal segments 3, 4, 5, and 6. 

Hab. Allianca, below San Antonio, Rio Madeira, November — December 1907 
(W. Hoffmanns). 

128. Eucereon striatum pallescens subsp. nov. 

(S ? . Differs from striatum stnatum in the ground colour being much paler and 
more buir, and the striations less distinct and somewhat obliterated. 
Hab. Castro, Parana, October — November 19Ul (E. D. Jones). 

129. Eucereon picoides sp. nov. 

$. Near to pica Walk, and coenobitum Moeschl. Differs from latter in the 
cream, not white, gronnd colour of forewing and in the dark patches being larger, 
more coalescent, and browner, less black. 

Hab. Onaca, Sta. Marta, 2200 ft., wet season, September — October 1901 
(Engelke). 

130. Eucereon tigrisoma sp. uov. 

?. Allied to tigrata Herr.-Schaeff. Pectus divided black and white, under- 
side of abdomen, except last two segments, white ; head white, antennae black ; 
thorax white, tegulae black with white edges, patagia white with black edges ; 
abdomen black, basal segment and broad wedge-shaped dorsal band slate-grey, 

large orange lateral patches on segments 3 to 7. Forewing white, basal half 

with a number of black spots and patches, a discal oblique somewhat irregular 
black band from costa above discocellulars to tornus, wing beyond this band with 



( 178 ) 

a number of scattered spots and a snbterminal row black. Hindwing : basal 

two-thirds semih^valine white, outer third brownish grey. 

Length of forewing : 21 mm. 

Ilab. Preto, Brazil. 

1:{1. Eucereon moeschleri sp. nov. 

(?. Pectns and underside of abdomen brownish white ; liead and thorax pale 
yellowish wood-brown streaked with darker grey-brown ; abdomen lemon yellow, 

two basal segments, dorsal band, and anal segment testaceous grey. Forewing 

pale brownish olive-yellow with a few whitish semihyaline markings and streaked 
and spotted with brown. Hindwings semihyaline white edged with moose-grey. 

Length of forewing : 19 mm. 

Hab. Jamaica. 

132. Eucereon confusum sp. nov. 

S ? . This species has hitherto been mi.\ed up with confine Herr.-Schaeff. It 
differs in the smaller size of the S and in the greenish white to olive-grey ground 
of forewings with greyish olive-yellow nervnres instead of the pure white ground 
with monse-grey nervnres of confine. The spots on forewings are not deep black, 
bnt sooty and brownish ; the yellow portions of abdomen are lemon, not orange 
yellow. Hindwing dirty grey. 

Length of forewing : S confine, 24 — 26 mm. ; S confusum, 20 — 21 mm. 

Hab. Chiriqui, Panama (type): Jalapa, Mexico, March 1897 (W. Schans); 
Caracas, Venezuela ; Merida, Venezuela (Briceno) ; San Jose, Oosta Rica, May — 
June 1899 (Underwood); Popayan (Lehmann) ; Tucuman, April— May 1905 
(Jos(5 Steiubach) ; Ciudad de Tucuman, April 1903 (L. Monetti). 

133. Eucereon confusum amazonum subsp. nov. 

S. Browner than c. confusum, markings more indistinct, hindwing and fringe 
pure semihyaline white. 

? . Darker hindwing, dark grey. 

Hah. Fonte Boa, Amazons, July 1906 (type); Aroewarwa Greek, Maroewym 
Valley, Surinam, May 190o (S. M. Klages) ; Surinam, February 1892. 

134. Eucereon parambae sp. nov. 

c? ? . Pectus and underside of abdomen dirty yellow, head and antennae dark 
grey, collar yellow, a black spot on vertex ; thorax mouse-grey with dark spots ; 
abdomen orange, anal tuft grey. Forewing greyish white, nervnres grey, a sub- 
basal and antemedian transverse row of dark grey spots, a median doul)le band of 
dark grey large spots breaking into three below the median nervure, one of the 
branches going outwards to tornus, postmedian and snbterminal bands of dark grey 
spots from costa to vein 3. 

Hindwing dark grey. 

Length of forewing : 19 mm. 

Hab. Paramba, Ecuador, 35U0 ft., January to July 1899, and June 189" 
(Flemming and W. H. Kosenberg) (type) ; Lita, Ecuador, 3000 ft. (Flemming) ; 
yuevedo, West Ecuador (von Buchwald). 



( 1-9 ) 

135. Eucereon buchwaldi sp. nov. 

c? ? . Pectus and underside of abdomen dirty yellow ; head and antennae dark 

grey, collar yellow ; thorax grey, tegulae pale grey ; abdomen dark yellow. 

Forewing pale grey with bands of darker grey spots and patches, four spots on basal 

half above and below vein 1 ringed with yellow. Hindwing semihyaline whitish 

grey with broad mouse-grey margins and ape.x. 

Length of forewing : 14 mm. 

Hub. Qnevedo, West Ecuador (von Bnchwald). 

130. Eucereon rufidorsale sp. nov. 

S. Pectus and underside of abdomen rosy bnff ; head, thora.x aud antennae 

dark grey, collar orange ; abdomen scarlet, anal tuft dark grey. Forewing : basal 

half white, a basal black spot with grey patch below it, a complete transverse 
autemedial line followed by a broken one of dark grey spots, outer half of wing 
white with nervures yellowish, a broad band of large irregular coalescent dark grey 
patches from costa above discocellnlars to tornus, a subapical band of dark grey 

from costa to vein 5, apex and subterminal row of spots dark grey. Hindwing 

semihyaline monse-grej'. 

Length of forewing : 1 7 mm. 

Hub. Paramba, Ecuador. 

137. Eucereon sordidescens sp. nov. 

cJ. Allied to carabayana Schaus, but duller, darker, and has pattern on fore- 
wing much obliterated. Pectus sooty brown ; underside of abdomen, basal half 
whitish, rest sooty brown ; head blue ; antennae black ; thorax and abdomen sooty 

wood-brown. Forewing pale wood-brown clouded on outer two-thirds with 

patches of darker brown. Hindwing semihyaline pale wood-brown. 

? has hiudwings paler. 

Length of forewing : 19 mm. 

Hob. Merida, Venezuela (Bricefio) (type) ; Santo Domingo, Carabaya, Pern, 
60U0 ft., wet season, December I9U2 (6. Ockenden). 

138. Eucereon nervulum sp. nov. 

?. Pectus sooty brown ; underside of abdomen, basal half whitish, rest sooty 
brown; antennae black, head sooty brown with blue gloss; thorax and abdomen 

sooty wood-brown. Forewing dirty white, nervures brown, across disc and largely 

at apex the wing is deeply clouded with dark brown. Hindwing semihyaline grey, 

darker on outer fourth. 

Length of forewing : 15 mm. 

Hab. Paramba, Ecuador, 350L) ft. (W. H. Itosenberg) (type) ; Lita, Ecuador, 
3000 ft. (Flemming). 

139. Eucereon nubilosum sp. nov. 

i ?. Pectus sooty purple-brown ; nuderside of abdomen, basal half white, rest 
sooty purple-brown ; head and antennae black with blue gloss ; thorax sooty brown, 

paler in centre; abdomen sooty brown. Forewing, basal half brownish white, 

with base and a few indistinct streaks darker, more brown, outer two-thirds purple- 



( 180 ) 

brown with whitish cloudlike marks in onter third. Hindwing semihyaline white 

apex dark grey. 

Length of forewiug : S 13'5 mm., ? 17 mm. 

Hab. Santo Domiugo, Carabaya, Pern, 65CU ft., October 1902 (G. Ockenden) 
(type) ; Caracas, Venezuela; Ouaca, Sta Marta, 2000 ft. (Eiigelke). 

140. Eucereon coenileocaput sp. nov. 

<?. Pectus sooty black ; underside of abdomen, ba.-;al half white, rest sooty 
black banded with white ; head metallic blue ; antennae black ; thorax dirty 

whitish grey edged with sooty black ; abdomen pale sooty black. Forewing 

creamy white powdered with brown scales, base black-brown, nervnres black-brown ; 
an irregular patchy oblique dark brown band from costa one-fonrth from base 
almost to tornus, much expanded from below median vein ; a patch above and 
one on discocellulars, one at apex and one between veins 3 and 5 deep brown. 

Hindwiug semihyaline white, apex broadly and apical half of termen dark 

grey. 

Length of forewing : S 24 mm., ? 26 mm. 

Hab. Ocoueque, Carabaya, Peru, 7000 ft., dry season, July 1904 (type); Santo 
Domingo, Carabaya, 0500 ft., wet season, December 1902 (G. Ockenden) ; Cushai, 
Province Huannco, Peru, 6224 ft. (W. Hoffmanns). 

141. Eucereon hoffmannsi sp. nov. 

t?. Similar to lineatum Dogn. but much smaller. Differs in the ground-colour 
of forewings being pale testaceous, not semiLiyaliue white, the markings less 
sharply Jefined and of a dull wood-brown, not bright chocolate. Anal segment of 
abdomen briglit yellow, not dirty brown. 

Length of forewing : hoffmannsi, 20 mm. 
,, „ ,, lineattim, 25 mm. 

Hab. Pozuzu, Huannco, Peru, 800—1000 metres (W. HoflFmanns) (type) ; 
Paramba, Ecuador ; Qnevedo, W. Ecuador (vou Buchwald). 

142. Eucereon ockendeni sp. nov. 

cJ ? . Differs from lineatum Dogn. in the thorax and abdomen being pale 
yellowish grey, not grey-brown, and in the forewings being less hyaline and the 
pattern less distinct and grey-brown, not chocolate, and on basal half of wings 
almost obliterated. 

Length of forewing : 21 — 24 mm. 

Hab. La Oroya, Rio Inambaii, S.E. Peru, 3100 ft., wet season, March 1905 
(type); Santo Domingo, Carabaya, Pern, 6000 ft., dry season, June 1902 (G. 
Ockenden) ; Paramba, Ecuador, January — May 1897 (W. H. Rosenberg) ; Lita, 
Ecuador, 3000 ft. (Flemming) ; La Union, C^aura River, June 1902 (S. M. Klages) ; 
Caracas, Venezuela. 

143. Correbia elongata sp. nov. 

S. This is a species somewhat intermediate between lycoides Walk, and 
undxdata Druce. It has the black upperside of abdomen and narrow wings of 
hjcoidea and more the coloration of wings of undulata. Pectus buff; underside 



( 181 ) 

of abdomen sooty black ; palpi and antennae black ; head orange rufous, lower 
half of frons and central spot on vertex black ; thorax black, outer two-thirds 
of tegnlae and basal two-thirds of patagia orange rufons ; abdomen black, sides of 
basal segment and a narrow subhiteral line on segments 2 to 5 orange rufons. 

Forewing orange rufons ; base of wing, basal half below vein 1, a median 

broad band from costa almost to vein 1 and apical fonrth of wing above vein 2 
black ; in the black apical portion are dull grey streaks giving it a corrugated 

appearance. Hindwing hyaline pearl-grey with sooty black liorder, a yellow 

rufons patch in costal region above vein 5. 

? similar, but wings broader. 

Length of forewing : S 25 mm., ? 27 mm. 

Breadth „ „ •i 1 mm., ? 9'5 mm. 

Hab. Sta Catharina, S. Brazil (type) ; Petropolis (W. Schans) ; Rio de 
Janeiro. 

144. Correbia elongata boliviana snbsp. nov. 

¥ . Differs from elongata elongata in the broad orange rnfons lateral bands on 
abdomen, the paler buffy rnfons ground colour of forewiugs, and the absence of the 
grey streaks in black apex. 

Hah. Bnenavista, East Bolivia, 750 metres, August 1906 — April 1907 (Jos6 
Steinbach). 

145. Correbia bricenoi sp. nov. 

cJ?. At once distinguishable from all the larger species described by the 
great breadth of the wings. Pectus and underside of abdomen sooty black ; palpi 
and antennae black ; head dull orange rufons, lower half of frons and central patch 
on vertex black ; thorax dull orange rufous with central black line ; abdomen sooty 

black. Forewing orange rufons, an antemedian transverse band from costa to 

vein 1, the median one-third of wing below vein 1 and the apical fifth of wing 

black. Hindwing sooty black, somewhat semihyaline on basal half, two patches 

of yellow in costal area. 

Length of forewing : <? 21 mm., ? 22 mm. 

Breadth ,, „ $ 8mm., ? 10 mm. 

Hab. Merida, Venezuela, April 1899 (Briceno.) 

146. Correbia rufescens sp. nov. 

$. Pectus, upper- and underside of abdomen black strongly glossed with steel- 
blue ; palpi and antennae black ; head and thorax crimson rufous with central 

black line. Forewing crimson rufous, outer two-thirds of wing below vein 1 

broadly, basal third narrowly black, the broad outer part expanding greatly 
on termen and apex, so that outer two-fifths of wing are black ; a black spot on 
costa and running half-way over cell four-fifths from base ; in apical black portion 
of wing from costa to vein 4 are a number of lavonder-blue indistinct bands or 
streaks. Hindwing black, somewhat semihyaline grey towards base. 

? . Differs in the paler, more orange rnfons forewings, with only apical fifth 
black and very narrow black inner margin, and larger size. 

Length of forewing : i 10 mm., ? 21 mm. 

Breadth „ „ <? 6 mm., ? 9 mm. 

Hab. Caracas, Venezuela. 



(182) 

147. Correbia germana sp. nov. 

<S ?. Differs from minima Drnce in its larger size, paler coloration, and mucli 
wider pale band and base of forewings. 

Length of forewing: germana, 14 mm.; minima, 10 mm. 

Hub. San Esteban, Venezuela, Angnst 19O0 (S. M. Klages) (t.vpe) ; ten 
miles below Mapiri, Bolivia, 200(J ft. (Maxwell Stuart) ; Cuzco, Peru, April 1901 
(Garlepp) ; Yungas de Coroico, Bolivia, 1800 metres (Garlepp) ; Corondolet, 
Ecuador (Flemming). 

148. Correbia felderi sp. no v. 

c??. Similar to minima Druce, but much darker, the band on forewing much 
narrower, and the rufous base almost obliterated. 
Hab. Amazons (Felder coll.). 

140. Correbia assimilis sj). nov. 

(J ?. Similar to 7iotata Butl. ; but differs in the much more extended brownish 
buff base and the buff, not whitish, band of forewing. 

Hab. La Vuelta, Caura River, May 1904 (type) ; La Union, Caura River, 
Venezuela, September 27 — October 10, 1901 ; San Antonio do Javary, Upper 
Amazons, Jane 1907 (S. M. Klages) ; Onoribo, Snriuam (W. EUacombe) ; British 
Guiana; Amazons (Felder coll.]. 

1.50. Correbia similis sp. nov. 

(J?. Resembles notatn Bntl. and asuinilix, but differs in its larger size and 
very wide rufous buff base and band on forewing. 

Hab. San Esteban, Venezuela, August 1909 (type); Caparo, Trinidad, February 
— March 1906 (S. M. Klages); Caracas, Venezuela; La Vuelta, Uaura River, 
May 1904 (S. M. Klages); Pozuzu, Huanuco, Peru, 800 — 1000 metres 
(W. Hoffmanns). 

151. Correbia steinbachi sp. nov. 

J ?. Larger than .similis, varying in ground colour of forewing from buff to 
pale orange rufous, black baud of forewing and black apox indistinct and more or 
less obliterated. 

Length of forewing : simili.'i, 14 mm. 
„ ,, „ steinbachi, 17 mm. 

Hab. Buenavista, East Bolivia, 75i) metres, Augnst 1900— April 1907 (Jos6 
Steinbach) (type) ; Fonte Boa, Amazons, August 1906. 

152. Correbia simonsi sp. nov. 

(J ? . Resembles steinbachi, but the black bar and apex are very distinct and 
sharply marked, and ground colour of forewing pale buff". 

Hab. Salampioni, Bolivia, 800 metres, dry season, July 1901 (Simons) (type); 
La Oroya, Rio Inambari, Carabaya, Peru, 3100 ft., wet season, November- 
December 1905 (G. R. Ockenden). 



( 1S3 ) 

153. Correbia klagesi sp. nov. 

c? ? . Differs from calopteridia Bntl. by its much longer and narrower wings 
and paler, more whitish base and band, and bluer ground of forewing. 

Hab. Arocwarwa Creek, Maroewyju Valley, Surinam, June 1905 ; Fonte Boa, 
Amazons, September 190(3; Cod-.ijas, Upper Ami'^ons, March — April 1900; La 
Vuelta, ('aura River, June 1903 (S. M. Klages) ; Iquitos, Amazons (Maxwell 
Stuart). 

154. Correbia elegans meridionalis snbsp. nov. 

? . Differs from elegans elegans Druce by the black apex being margined 
with orange rufous and portions of the veins in it also of same colour. 

Hab. Bulim, Ecuador, December 1900 — February 1901 (Flemming and 
Miketta). 

155. Propyria ockendeni sp. nov. 

S. Pectus whitish ; antennae black ; head and thorax wood-brown ; abdomen 
black with subdorsal bands of oraage-.scarlet patches. Forewing bufflsh wood- 
brown ; apical fourth, a patch on discocellular, and the area along and below 

Vein 1 purple-brown. Hind wing orange-scarlet with black margins expanded on 

abdominal margin and at tornus. 

Length of forewing : 15 mm. 

Hab. Santo Domingo, Carabaya, Peru, 0000 ft., wet season, January 1902 
(G. R. Ockenden). 

156. Propyria nigrirufa sp. nov. 

S. Pectus sooty brown ; antennae black ; head and thorax sooty brown ; 

abdomen sooty black. Forewing wood-brown (in unique type carmine patch on 

underside of wing indistinctly shows through, but this is probably due to rubbing). 
■ Hindwing, basal half sooty black, apical half carmine edged with black. 

Length of forewing : 10 mm. 

Hah. Santo Domingo, Carabaya, Peru, Gi.iUO ft., wet season, November 1902 
(G. R. Ockenden). 

157. Propyria albofasciata sp. nov. 

9. Pectus sooty black; head and antennae black, collar orange; thorax black 
glossed with blue ; abdomen black ringed with metallic blue, sublateral bands 

metallic blue. Forewing sooty black witii an antemedian slightly oblique white 

transverse band and a blue dot at base. -Hindwing sooty black, a median broad 

wedge-shaped white transverse band from costa to vein 2. 

Length of forewing : ]8"5 mm. 

Hah. Chanchamayo, La Merced, August — September 1901 (Simons). 

168. Ctenucha togata schausi subsp. nov. 

?. Differs from togata togata Druce by the scarlet, not black, patagia, by the 
scarlet, not deep crimson, of forewings, and by the scarlet extending farther beyond 
vein 1. 

Hab. Espinal, Mexico, June 1890 (W. Schaus). 

13 



( 184 ) 

159. Ctenucha garleppi sp. nov. 

c?9. Differs from c;/aHiris Harass, in the smaller extent of the bine colonr, 
which is duller and darker, by the enormonsly wide orange band on forewiug, and 
by the apical third of hindwiug being orange edged with black. 

Length of forewing : (S 10 mm., ? 16 mm. 

Ilab. Cnzco, Pern, March 1901 (Garlepp) (type); Chulumanito, Chaquichaca, 
Pern, 1800 metres, wet season, January 190] (Simons). 

160. Ctenucha jonesi sp. nov. 

? . Differs from palneira Schans in the white jiostmedian obliqne white bar 
reaching from subcosta to termen above vein 2 not stopping short at vein 4. 
Hab. Castro, Parana, March 1896 (E. D. Jones). 

161. Ctenucha andrei sp. nov. 

? . Pectus and underside of abdomen brown-black. Forewing black-brown, 

nervnres pale fuscous, oblique white postmedian transverse bar from subcosta to 
termen at vein 2. Hindwing blackish steel-blue, fringe white. 

Hab. Ariapite Valley, Trinidad, June 1902. 

162. Ctenucha fosteri sp. nov. 

cJ. Pectus and underside of abdomen sooty black ; head and collar orange, 
antennae black ; thorax and abdomen sooty brown-black ; basal half of tegnlae 

and innerside of patagia orange. Forewing dark wood-brown, terminal fringe 

white. Hindwing sooty black, fringe white. 

Length of forewing : 21 mm. 

Hab. Sapucay, Paraguay, June 1902 (VV. Foster). 

103. Ctenucha rubrovenata sp. nov. 

S. Distinguished from venosa Walk, by the red collar being widely interrapted 
below, by the black, not scarlet, head, by the reddish orange or canary-yellow, 
never golden or white, nervures, the red, not black, vein T, and the shorter, blunter 
wings. 

? has canary nervures. 

Hab. Yuugas de Coroica, Bolivia, 1800 metres (type) ; Rio Sougo to Rio 
Snapi, Bolivia, 1100 metres, March— June 1896 (Garlepp). 

104. Ctenucha rubrovenata tucumana subsp. nov. 

(?. Larger than r. rubrovenata, and the whole of the nervures sharply defined 
red or yellow. 

Hab. Salta, N. Argentina, Tucnman, 90U— I'.iOO metres, February 1904 
(J. Steinbach). 

105. Ctenucha reducta sp. nov. 

3. Larger than ve)iosa, a.m\ with much broader wings, the scarlet or yellow 
nenration is reduced to veins 1, 2, 3, 5, and the median; forewing black glossed 
with blue, not black-brown. 

? has the above five nervures white. 



( IB5) 

Width of forewing : renosa, 7 mm. 
„ „ „ reducta, 10 „ 

., „ hindwing : venosa, 8 „ 
„ „ „ reducta, 11 „ 

Hab. Oconeque— Agnalani, Carabaya, Pern, 6000—9000 ft., Marcli 1905; 
Limbani, Carabaya, 9.500— 10,(J00 ft., November 1907 and May 1904 ; Agnalani, 
S.E. Pern, 10,000 ft. (G. R. Ockeuden) ; Carobas, Pern, 2.500 ft., September 1S99 
(Simons). 

166. Ectaptera drucei sp. nov. 

cJ. Pectns dark brown ; antennae black, apical fifth of shaft white ; head 

and thora.ic dark brown, coUar crimson ; abdomen steel-hlne. Forewing dark 

brown. Hindwing basal two-thirds buff, onter third dark brown. 

Length of forewing : 19 mm. 

Hab. Bogota. 

167. Ectaptera roseipeunis sp. nov. 

(S . Pectus, head, and thorax dark brown; collar crimson; antennae black, 

apical fifth of shaft white; abdomen steel-blue. Forewing dark brown 

powdered all over with minute buff scales. Hindwing dark brown powdered 

with buff scales ; in, below, and beyond cell rose-pink. 

Length of forewing : 21 mm. 

Hab. Bogota Town. 

168. Ectaptera miniata sp. nov. 

<S. Pectus and underside of abdomen very hairy olive-buff ; head, thorax, and 

abdomen dark olive-brown ; antennae black. Forewing olive chocolate-brown, 

costa deep crimson, a small semihyaline white spot in cell, and a similar one each 

side of vein 3. Hindwing cinnabor-red ; uervures, base of wing, discocellular 

patch, and broad margins bhick. 

Length of forewing : 19 mm. 

Hab. Huancabamba, Cerro de Pasco, Peru, 6000—10,000 ft. (BOttger). 

169. Phileros ockendeni sp. nov. 

?. Pectus metallic blue-green; iiutetinae black; head and thorax metallic 
blue-groen, the latter mixed with black ; abdomen black with narrow metallic 

blae-greeu rings. Forewing chocolate-brown, a basal metallic blue-green spot 

and a subbasal crimson spof, a paler crimson discocellular patch much obscured 

with brown scales. -Hindwing lilack-brown with a very large subapical crimson 

patch between costa and vein 2. 

Length of forewing : 16 mm. 

Hab. Kio Inambari to Limbani, Carabaya, S.E. Peru, Marcli 1904 (G. R. 
Ockenden). 

ITii. Phileros rubriceps aflBnis subsp. nov. 

(?. Similar to rubriceps opaca, but forewing fuscous grey with blackish nervures 
and hiuJwings without blue gloss. 

Hab. Cuzco, Peru, April 1901 (Garlepp). 



( 186) 

171. Phileros rubriceps griseatus snbsp. nov. 

c??. Differs from /■. opaca, r. a//inis, and r. rubriceps iu being uniform monse- 
grey all over except the crimson palpi, throat, and vertex ; there is scarcely any 
bine gloss on hindwings iu 6 and none in ? . 

JIab. Mechisera, Merida, Venezuela, 3000 metres (Bricefio). 

172. Phileros rubriceps opaca Boisd. 

Differs from rubriceps rubriceps Walk, by the mnch darker forewings, by 
the hindwings being more strongly glossed with bine, and iu the orange-yellow, 
not crimson, palj)i, throat, and vertex. 

Hab. Argentina, Paraguay, and South Brazil. 

Phileros rubriceps rubriceps Walk, is confined to Central America. 

173. Hyaleucera minuta sp. nov. 

S . Pectus and underside of abdomen white ; head, antennae, thorax, and 

abdomen sooty black, collar crimson. Forewing, discal third hyaline white, 

nervnres, large discocellular patch, and rest of wing sooty black. Hindwing 

hyaline white, nervnres and broad margins deep black. 

Length of forewing : 14 mm. 

Hab. Yungas de Coroica, Bolivia, ISOO metres (Garlepp). 

174. Hyaleucera ockendeni sp. nov. 

cJ ? . Pectus black-brown ; head and antennae black, collar crimson; thorax 
sooty black-brown, with median line and central band on patagia black ; abdomen 

black with steel-blue gloss. Forewing, basal fonr-fifths dark monse-grey, nervnres 

and some intraneural streaks black ; outer fifth olive-yellow, terminal edge black. 
Hindwing hyaline whitish grey, cater margin broadly ill-defined sooty black. 

Length of forewing : i 10 mm., ? 21 mm. 

Hab. La Oroya, Rio Inambari, S.E. Peru, 3100 ft., September 1904 and March 
1905 (G. R. Ockenden) ; Santo Domingo, Carabaya, Peru, 6500 ft., wet season, 
December 1902; Tinguri, Carabaya, 3400 ft., dry season, August 1904 ; Oconeque, 
Carabaya, 7000 ft., dry season, July 1904 (G. R. Ockenden). 

175. Hyaleucera uniformis sp. nov. 

? . Uniform sooty brown-grey, nervnres of forewing, hindwing, and abdomen 
darker, more black ; basal half of hindwings paler and slightly semihyaline. 
Length of forewing : 23 mm. 
Hab. Sta Catharina, S. Brazil. 



( 1^-) 



LIST OF A COLLECTION OF BIRDS MADE BY MR. ALBERT 
MEEK ON THE KUMUSI RIVER, NORTH-EASTERN 
BRITISH NEW GUINEA. 

By the Hon. WALTER ROTHSCHILD and ERNST HARTBRT. 

THE Kiimnsi River lies in tbe northernmost part of north-eastern British New 
Guinea, its month being not more than about 60 kilometres south of the frontier 
of German New Guinea. Mr. Meek went up a considerable distance of the river, 
but no great heights were reached. The collection was made between March 
and September of 1907. Mr. Arthur Goodson has been very helpful in compiling 
this list. 

1. Synoicus plumbeus Salvad. 

(?; 5. vii. 1907. " Iris dark red ; feet dirty yellow ; bill black, lower slate." 
(No. 3283.) 

Gf. Noc. Zool. xiv. p. 447 (1007), where the various plumages in which we had 
received this species from the Upper Aroa and Augabunga Rivers are described. 
Probably, however, none of the birds described there were really adult males, 
because we have now received from the Kumasi River a male, shot on July .5th, 
1907, which agrees better still with Salvadori's original description of Synoicus 
plumbms* The back is slaty black with plumbeous grey shaftlines and tips to the 
feathers ; the linder surface plumbeous grey, slightly paler on the throat. Wing 
about 9i) mm. (rather worn). " Iris dark red, feet dirty yellow, bill black and 
slate." 

2. Excalfactoria chinensis lepida Hartl. 

Excalfactoria fep«/a Hartlaub, Silnungsber. ]'ei: Naturw. Unterh. Hamhunj, vii. p. 3 (1879— Duke 
of York Island). 

(J ad.; Kumnsi River, September 3, 1907. (No. 3455.) 

This single specimen agrees best with oar single male from New Hanover, but 
the belly and under tail-coverts are darker chestnut. 

3. Talegallus jobiensis jobiensis Meyer. 

Cf. N„v. Znol. 1901. p. 139. 

1 ? ad., 1? imm.; Kumnsi River, September 3, 1907. (Nos. 34.52, 3454.) 
" Iris dark reddish brown, feet red, bill reddish brown." A male collected at 

Avera, Aroa River, March 3rd, 1903, has the iris marked as dull burnt yellow, feet 

bright red, bill light umber. 

Two eggs were found in September 1907. They are dnll, glossless, brownish 

brick-red, one more red, the other more chocolate. They measure 94 x 01 and 

100-5 X 64 mm. 

♦ The original diagnosis (Ami. Mm. Civ. Genova (2) .^iv. p. 152, lS9i), taken from a skin from 
" Vakena," reads as follows : " Cinereus, gula vix pallidiorc ; vertice, ocoipite, coUo postico, dorso, 
uropygio, supracaudalibus, lateribnsqae paallum fusco variis ; .alls sordide griseia ; reraigibus tertiariis, 
apicem versus nigro variis, vel macnlatis, Al. 90 mm." 



( 188 ) 

4. Meg^apodius duperreyi duperreyi Less. & Gam. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 13.5. 

2 (?t?, 2 ? ?; Knmnsi River, March 22, May 2fi, 31, 1907. (Nos. 2990, 3030, 
3071, 3072.) 

" Iris brown, feet reJilish yellow, merging to black, bill brown." 

5. Ptilinopus superbus (Teium. & Knij)). 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 102. 

3 (?(J ad., 1 S imm., 1 ? ad., 1 ? imm.; Kurausi River, May, Jane, August 
1907. (Nos. 2898, 3059, 3060, 3096, 3439, 3444.) 

" Iris lemon yellow, feet pnrplish red, bill slate." 

No. 3U60 is an immature female, without the dark bine patch on the occiput. 

6. Ptilinopus pulchellus (Temm.). 
Cf. Nov. Zonl. 1001. p. 102. 

3 (?<?, 2 S ? ad.; Kumusi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 2943, 2979, 3019, 
3126, 3169). 

"Iris yellow, feet dark red, bill dull yellow." 

7. Ptilinopus coronulatus huonensis A. B. Meyer. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 103. 

3 iS,\ ? ad.; Kumusi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 2887, 2902, 3009, 

3262.) 

"Iris reddish yellow, feet purplish red, bill green, yellowish at tip." 

The most striking character to distinguish this species from typical coronulatus 

are the rich orange under tail-coverts. 

8. Ptilinopus iozonus iozonus (Gray). 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 104. 

3 cJcJ ad.; Kumusi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 2960, 3215, 3222.) 

9. Ptilinopus gestroi gestroi D'Alb. & Salvad. 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 105. 

2 ?? nearly ad. and imm.; Kumusi River, May, Jane 1907. (Nos. 3011, 
3139.) 

" Iris bright red, feet dark heliotrope, bill yellow." 

The older female has a grey forehead, but it is apparently not fally adult. There 
is no difference between the sexes when fully adult. 

10. Megaloprepia magnifica poliura Salvad. 
Cf. Nov. Zoul. 1901. p. 111. 

3 (JcJ, 1 ? ad., 1 ? imm.; Kumusi River, May 1907. (Nos. 2909, 2916, 2927, 
2924, 3024.) 

"Iris dark red, feet yellowish green, bill yellow, base greenish." 

1 ?. A dwarf albinistic variety, Giriwu River, September 14, 1907. (No. 1.) 



( 189) 

It had : " Iris red cliocolate, feet green slate, bill green horn." Its colour is 
above orange yellow with patches of green, clearer 3'ellow on the nape, forehead 
greyish washed with green over the eyes. Underside bright blood-red, chin grey, 
lower throat bright red, the sides yellow. Thighs and under tail-coverts orange 
yellow, varied with white. Wings greyish white margined with yellow on oater 
webs. Fir.st primary on each side aImo.st normal colour. Tail above greyish white 
washed with yellow at the tip. Underneath dark greyish brown, with more or less 
greyish white in the middle. 

11. Carpophaga rufigaster (Quoy et Gaim.). 
Vi.Nov.Zool. 1901. p. 11.3. 

2 ? ?; Kumusi River, May 30. August 31, 1907. (Nos. 3069, 3449.) 
" Iris blood-red, feet bright red, bill black." 

12. Carpophaga zoeae (Less.). 

CtNov. Zool. 1901. p. 112. 

1 <J; Kumusi River, June 10, 1907. (No. 3149.) 
" Iris silvery grey, feet dark purplish red, bill black." 

13. Columba albigularis (Bp.). 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 118. 

1 S imm., 2 ? ? ad.; Kumusi River, August 20, 31, September 1, 1907. (Nos. 
3423, 3448, 3450.) 

" Iris yellow, feet dull red, bill light horn with red base." 

14. Macropygia amboinensis cinereiceps Tristr. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 125. 

1 c?, 2 ? ? ad., 1 ? imm.; Kumusi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 2888, 3010, 
3017, 3080.) 

" Iris slaty blue, with red outer circle, feet pale red, bill brown." 

15. Macropygpia nigrirostris Salvad. 

Cf. TVor, Zool. 1901. p. 121. 

1 (J, 2 ? ? ad.; Kumusi River, May 1907. (Nos. 2947, 2957, 2956.) 
" Iris bright red, feet bright red, bill black." 

16. Reinwardtoena reinwardtsi griseotincta Hart. 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 126. 

(? ad.; Kumusi River, August 11, 1907. (No. 3403.) 
" Iris dark red, feet bright red, bill horn-colour." 

17. Chalcophaps stephani Reichenbach. 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 129. 

2 (?(?, 4 ? ? ad.; Kumusi River, May, June, July 1907. (Nos. 2945,3028, 3031, 
3157, 3174, 3318.) 

" Iris brown, feet dark purplish red, bill red." 



( 190 ) 
18. Zonerodius heliosylus (Less.). 

Ardea heliosyla Lesson, Vmj. Oiqiiille, Zonl. i. p. 121 (lH:i6-28— Dorey, New Guiaea), Atlas pi. xliv. 

¥ ad.; Knmusi River, Juue 6, 1907. (No. 3122.) 

" Iris j'ellow, feet pale yellow, front of torsi blackish, bill black, uuJer mandible 
light horn." 

10. Haliastur sphenurus (Vieill.). 

Mlh-us Kj)heimnis Tieill., Nouv. Did. tPIIUl. Xal. xx. p. 504 (1818 Aast.). 

<J ill worn changing plumage; Knmusi River, August 11, 1907. (No. 3402.) 

20. Baza reinwardtii (Mull. & Schleg.). 

c? ? ad.; Kumusi River, June, August 1007. (Nos. 3107, 3411.) 

21. Machaerrhamphus alcinus Westerm. 

Machaen-hamjilius alcinus Westerm., Bijdr. lot tie DlerU. i. part 2, p. 2'J, pi. 12 (1848 — Malacca). 

<? ad.; Kumusi River, July 14, 1907. (No. 3312.) 

" Iris golden yellow ; bill black, base slate ; feet ashy blue." 

This specimen only differs from two specimens from North Borneo in having 

more white on the feathers of the lower abdomen, these feathers in the two other 

specimens having only the basal half or less white. 

22, Erythrotriorchis doriae (Salvad.). 

Megatriorchis doriae Salvad. et D'Alb., Ann. .1/u.s. Cn-. Gni. \\i. p. 805 (1875) (Hall Bay, S.E. New 

Guinea). 
Erylhrolriiirrhis doriae, Salvad., Oniith. del. Pap. i. p. 10 (1889). 
Erythrotriorchis doriae, Sharpe, in Gould's Birds of Nem Guinea i. pi. ii. 

S imm.; Knmusi River, August 5, 1907. (No. 3375.) 
" Iris brown, feet dull pale 3'ellow, bill black." 

23. Astur etorques (Salvad.). 

Urospizias etorques Salvad., Ann. Mus. Civ. Gen. vii. p. 901. sp. 2 (1875 Nova Guinea et Salwatti). 
Astur etorques Hart., Nov. Zool. iii. p. 246 (189l>). 

2 ? ? ; Kumnsi River, May, August 1007. (Nos. 3050, 3419.) 

24. ? Astur cruentus Gonld. 

Astur cruentns Gould, P.Z.S. 1842, p. 113 (W. Australia). 

cJ ad.; Knmnsi River, July 6, 1907. (No. 3203.) 
" Iris golden yellow, feet lemon yellow, bill black, tip slate." 
Besides this specimen we have another male from Nicura in British New 
Guinea, which is similar. Unfortunately we have no Australian specimens for 
comparison, bnt Gould's fignre shows a l)ird with a more whitish underside and 
wider bars. Astur cruentus ? may be only a subspecies of Astur torquatus. 

25. Ninox theomacha (Bp.). 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1907, p. 443 

? ad.; Kumusi River, Jnne 17, 1907. (No. 3213.) 



( 191 ) 
26. Cuculus optatus Gould. 

Cuculus opUitiis Gould, Proc. Snc. Znnl. Loiid., part xiii. 1845. p. 18 (1845 — Port Essington in 
Australia). See also Hartert, Vog. pal. Fauna, ii. p. 949. 

? ad.; Knmnsi River, September 4, 1907. (No. 3457.) 
" Iris yellow, feet yellow, bill black." 

27. Cacomantis assimilis assimilis (Gray). 

Cf. Nm. Zool. 1907. p. 434. 

2 c?(? ad., 3 imm.; Knmnsi T?iver, May, June 1907. (Nos. 2971, 3023, 3090, 
3099, 3201.) 

" Iris ad. brown, feet smoky yellow, bill black." 

One adult male and an immature female have the iris marked as yellow. 

28. Chrysococcyx meyeri Salvad. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1907. p. 437. 

? ad.; Kumnsi River, August 9, 1907. (No. 3392.) 
" Iris brown, feet slate, bill black." 

29. Chrysococcyx poecilurus Gray. 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1907. p. 438. 

A i'i ad.; Kumusi River, May, June, July 1907. (Nos. 2966, 2976, 3137, 
3294.) 

" Iris hazel, dark red, feet slate, bill black." 

30. Chrysococcyx plagosus (Lath.). 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1907. p. 439. 

t? ? ; Kumusi River, June, July 1907. (Nos. 3187, 3358.) 

"Iris light brown, feet slate, bill black." 

It is as yet doubtful if any subspecies of C. plago.ius are separable. 

31. Calliechthrus leucolophus (Miill.). 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1907. p. 439. 

<?; Kumnsi River, May 23, 1907. (No. 2991.) 
"Iris brown, feet and bill black." 

32. Eudynamis orientalis cyanocephalus (Lath.). 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1907. p. 440. 

cJ ? ad.; Kumnsi River, May, Jane 1907. (Nos. 2897, 3254.) 
" Iris red, feet slate, bill pale slate." 

33. Microdynamis parva Salvad. 
Of. Nov. Zool. 1907. p. 440. 

? ad.; Kumnsi River, May 26, 1907. (No. 3025.) 
" Iris deep red, feet slate, bill black." 



( 19-' ) 
34. ? Rhamphomantis megarhynchus (Gray). 

Cuculus megarhyiic/ius Gray, P.Z.S. 18.i8. pp. 184, I'Jo (Aru Islands). 

? ; Kiimnsi River, May 17, 1907. (No. 2963.) 

" Iris brown, feet slaty bine, bill black." 

Tbi8 specimea differs very much from the type of megarhjnchm from the Aru 
Islands. It is cinnamon above, tinged with grey on the rnmp, and faintly barred 
with blackish on the npi)er wing- and tail-coverts ; tail and wings cinnamon-brown, 
outer rectrices with black bars, underside cinnamon, paler on throat and abdomen, 
and faintly barred with ashy grey. The bird is evidently immature, and might 
perhaps be the young of 7?/. meyarhijnchm, with which it agrees in shape and size. 

35. Scythrops novaehoUandiae Lath. 

Cf. Nov. Zwil. 1007. p. 441. 

? ad.; Kumnsi River, August 8, 1907. (No. 3388.) 
" Iris dark red, feet slate, bill light horn." 

36. Centropus meabeki menbeki Less. & Gam. 

Cf. Noi-.Zml. 1907. p. 441. 

? ad.; Knmusi River, May 17, 1907. (No. 2959.) 

" Iris dark red, feet black, bill black at base, rest light horn." 

37. Centropus nigricans (Salvad.). 
Cf. Nov. Zoo?. 1907. p. 442. 

2 ? ? ad. and imm.; Kumusi River, May 1907. (Nos. 3037, 3046.) 
" Iris dark red, feet slate, bill black." 

38. Ceyx solitaria Temm. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 145. 

1 c?, 4 Jc? ad.; Kumnsi River, May, June, July 1907. (Nog. 3054, 3232, 3317, 
3361, 3362.) 

" Iris brown, feet orange yellow, bill black." 

39. Syma torotoro meeki Rothsch. & Hart. 
Ct. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 147. 

5 3S, 1 ? ad.; Kumusi River, May, June, Angnst, September 1907, (Nos. 2924, 
3233, 3374, 3415, 3422, 3451.) 

" Iris brown, feet chrome yellow, bill chrome yellow." 

No. 3415 has the tip of the cnlmen black for about 20 mm. No. 3374, a female, 
is albinistic, having the throat and abdomen white, washed with buff. A small 
white patch on each side of the nape, and some white feathers in the wings. 

These specimens agree well with the series of S. torotoro meeki in the Tring 
Mnsenm. 

41*. Halcyon macleayi Jard. & Selby. 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 153. 

2 <?(?, 4 ? ? ; Kumusi River, May, Jnne, July 1907. (Nos. 3063, 3082, 3120, 
3124, 3209, 3279.) 

" Iris brown, feet black, bill black under mandible, white at base." 



( 1S3) 

41. Halcyon sancta Vig. & Horsf. 

2 <J(?, 2 ? ?; Kumusi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 3044, 3068, 3223, 3244.) 
" Iris brown, feet black, bill black." 

42. Melidora macrorhina macrorhina (Less.). 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 150. 

2 Jc?, 2 ? ? ad. ; Kumusi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 2896, 2949, 3141, 
3179, 3248.) 

"Iris dark brown, feet greenish .slate ; bill, upper mandible black, lower light 
horn-colour." 

According to the sexed specimens in the Tring Museum the males have the 
feathers of the head edged with blue, the females with greeu. 

43. Sauromarptis gaudichaud (Quoy et Gaim.). 
Cf. Nm: Zool. 1901. p. 151. 

5 (?c? ad.; Kumusi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 2925, 3007, 3018,3118, 
3181.) 

" Iris dark brown, feet greenish slate, bill light horn." 

44. Tanysiptera danae Sharpe. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 156. 

2 (?(?, 3 ? ? ad., 1 S imm.; Kumusi River, May 1907. (Nos. 2912, 2913, 2931, 
2993, 3049, 3061.) 

" Iris brown, feet yellowish red, bill dark red." 

4.5. Tanysiptera dea galatea Gra}'. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 160. 

1 <?, 2 ? ? ad.; Kumusi River, May 1907. (Nos. 2929, 2954, 3008.) 
" Iris dark brown, feet greenish slate, bill red." 

46. Merops ornatus Lath. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 196. 

3 c?c?, 1 ? ad., 1 ? imm.; Kumusi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 3020, 3048, 
3089, 3100, 3127.) 

" Iris dark red, feet blackish, bill black." 

47. Eurystomus crassirostris crassirostris Scl. 
Cf. Nov. Zool 1903. p. 197. 

6 cJ ? ad.; Kumusi River, May, June, July, August 1907. (Nos. 3003, 3249, 
3307, 3325, 3387, 3401.) 

" Iris brown, feet red, bill red, tip black." 

48. Eos fuscata Blyth. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 65. 

3 (Jc?, 3 ? ?; Kumusi River, May 1907. (Nos. 2948, 2996, 3047, 3056, 3057, 
3058.) 

" Iris crimson, feet black, bill yellowish red." 



( 194 ) 

49. Lorins hypoenochrous devittatus Hart. 
Cf. Nov. Zonl. 1901. p. 66. 

2 (JcJ, 1 ? ad.; Kuraiisi River, May 1907. (Xos. 2939, 2940, 3055.) 
" Iris 3-ellowish red, feet black, bill bright yellowish red." 

50. Lorins lory erythrothorax Salvad. 
Cf. Nov. Zoiil. I'JOl. p. 66. 

2 (?c?, 1 ?; Kumusi River, June 1907. (Nos. 3088, 3094, 3095.) 
" Iris dull red, feet black, bill deep yellowish red."' 

51. Trichoglos3us haematodus massena Bp. 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1001. p. 70. 

1 c? in moult; Knmnsi River, May 19, 19o7. (No. 2970.) 
" Iris red, feet slate, bill red." 

52. Cyclopsitta cervicalis Salvad. & D'Alb. 

Cf. Nui\ Zool. 1901. p. 7.3. 

& SS\ Kumusi River, .June, August 1907. (Nos. 3259, 3267—3269, 3416, 
3417.) 

" Iris dark red, feet ashy blue, bill black." 

53. Cyclopsitta diophthalmus diophthalmus (Hombr. & Jacq.). 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 73. 

1 ?; Kumusi River, June 27, 19ii7. (No. 3265.) 

54. Cyclopsitta nigrifrons amabilis Reichenow. 

Cyclopsittatus amabilis Reichenow, Jouni.fiir Oniitli. p. 427. 1891 ; BericlU. vii. p. 6. 
Cydopnitlacus nuicllwraithi Rothsch., Hull. B.O.C. vii. p. xxi (l.*<97). 
Cf. Nov. Zool. viii. p. 75 (1901). 

4 cJc?, 4 ? ? ad.; Kumusi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 2977, 2978, 3125, 
3144, 3145, 31.52, 3220, 3221.) 

After comparing the fine series now on hand, there can be no longer any 
doubt that macilirraitlii is not sei)arable from amabili.i. When it was first described, 
we did not know that this plumage (pale lemon-yellow breast and cheeks) repre- 
sented the other se.x of the birds with orange breasts and bluish slate patch on 
the cheeks, called amnhilis ; but when writing in Nor. Zool. 1901, j). 75, we re- 
cognised the fact, thongh we still thought that macilwvaithi was separable by a 
shorter wing — which, however, is certainly not the case. We accepted Prof. 
Reichenow's theory, that the lemon-breasted birds were the females of the orange- 
breasted ones. The series now, however, tells us just the opposite ; all the former 
being sexed as males, and all the latter as females. Even a single specimen 
collected hy Dr. Nyman with an orange breast, etc., is distinctly marked "female." 
It is hardly possible to believe that there is an error in all this series, and it 
must therefore be suggested that the lemon-breasted birds are the males of the 
orange-breasted ones. That they caimot be another species appears to be equally 



( 195) 

certain, as we have two specimens marked as yonng females with lemon breasts 
varied with orange. Moreover, there are two birds, marked as male and female, 
the former with a lemon breast, the latter with an orange one, which are semi- 
albinos, the back, tail, and secondaries being bright canary yellow, spotted with 
green, and the primaries and inner secondaries creamy white. They are probably 
brother and sister. 

55. Cacatua triton triton (Temm.). 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 78. 

5 ad.; Kumusi River, May 30, 1907. (No. 3067.) 
The wing of this specimen measnres 308 mm. 

56. Nasiterna pusio salvadorii Rothsch. & Hart. 

Nasiterna salvadorii Rothsch. & Hart., Nov. Zool. viii. p. 81 (1901) (Ambernoh River). 

6 (? 9 ad.; Knmnsi River, June, July, August 1907. (Nos. 3156, 3353, 3381, 
3442, 3443, 3453.) 

" Iris brown, feet ashy blue, bill slate, brownish, ashy blue.'" 
The six fine skins collected by Meek on the Kumusi River confirm the differences 
stated in Xoc. Zool. 1901. The new locality is very interesting, as we only knew 
this form from Humboldt Bay and the Ambernoh River, as well as from Takar. 

57. Geoffrojrus personatus aruensis (Gray). 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 84. 

3 c? cJ, 2 ? ? ; Kumusi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 2983, 3038, 3184, 3205, 
3242.) 

" Iris creamy white, feet ashy blue or greenish slate; bill, upper mandible red, 
lower black." 

58. Eclectus pectoralis pectoralis (P. L. S. Mull.). 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 81. 

2 cJcJ, 1 ? ad.; Kumusi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 2921, 3121, 3168.) 
" Iris in male red, in female silvery white ; feet black ; bill in the male, upper 
mandible yellowish red, lower black, in the female entirely black." 

59. Loriculus aurantiifrons meeki Hart. 

Loriculus aumntiifrom meeki Hart., Nov. Zool. ii. p. 02 (1895). 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1901. p. 88. 

2 iS, 3 ?? ad.; Kumusi River, June, July, August, September 1907. 
(Nos. 3194, 3331, 3332, 3432, 3458.) 

" Iris dull white, feet dull dirty yellow, bill black. The iris of the females 
is brown." 

The female difiers from the male in wanting the yellow forehead, and in 
having the forehead, cheeks, and throat bluish green instead of grass green ; the 
bases of the feathers of the forehead are yellowish brown, while they are stated 
to be red in the females of L. aurantii/rons aurantiifrons, of which, however, 
we possess only males. 



( 196 ) 

60. Podarg^s ocellatus ocellatus Qaoy & Gaim. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 191). 

2 <?<?; Knmnsi River, July 20, 1907. (Nos. 3351, 3352.) 
" Iris brown, feet light horu, bill light smoky browo." 

01. Aegotheles bennetti Salvad. et d'Alb. 
Cf. XoK. Z.ml. 1003. p. 200. 

? ad.; Knmnsi River, May 14, l'.)Or. (No. 2'.)42.) 
" Iris dark brown, feet light brown colour, bill black." 

62. Caprimulgus macrurus macrurus Horsf. 

Cf. .V-,1-. Z,.o\. 1903. p. 202. 

4 (?<?, 1 ? ad. ; Knmnsi River, April, May, June, July 1907. (Nos. 28.S4, 
2928,3214,3320,33411.) 

" Iris brown, feet smoky horn, bill black." 

03. Macropteryx mystaceus mystaceus (Less.). 

Cf. yov. Zonl. 1903. p. 203. 

2 cJc?, 1 ? ad. ; Knmnsi River, June, Jaly I'.tOT. (Nos. 3195, 3197, 3328.) 
" Iris brown, feet black, bill black." 

04. Pitta atricapilla atricapilla (Qnoy et Gaim.). 

Cf. yuv. Zool. 1901. p. 62. 

4 (Jcf, 1 ? ad. and imm.; Kumusi River, Jnne, Jnly, Angnst, 1907. (Nos. 
3231, 3234, 3278, 3365, 3376, 3407.) 

" Iris brown, feet smoky horn, bill black." 

Oo. Pitta mackloti loriae Salvad. 

Cf. Nov. Zool. I'.IOI. p. G3. 

3 SS, 1 ? ad. and imm.; Kumusi River, June, July, August 1907. (Nos. 3147, 
3354, 3350, 3424, 3420.) 

" Iris brown, feet slate, bill black." 

These birds are (jnite typical loriae, a form which seems to be fouad only iii the 
easternmost parts, and near the north coast of British New Guinea : East Cape, 
Milue Bay, Chados Bay, Mullens Harbour, Kumusi River. 

When comjjiling the list of the birds collected by Mr. Meek on the Aroa River, 
we omitted to mention five specimens of a Pilta closely allied to /'. niic/doli mac/doti. 
These five birds, however, differ from P. m. mackloti as follows : The whole back 
is strongly tiuged with blue, in one specimen almost entirely blue without green, 
and the rufons patch on the hiudncck is different, rather less bright, and with very 
little red in it, one might say of a faded russet orange-rufous. The crown is also 
slightly paler, and shows a varying amount of blae about the centre. Wings 107 — 
112 mm. This form is obviously new, and we call it 



( 10- ) 

Pitta mackloti oblita subsp. nov. 

This new form resembles Pitta mackloti kuehni, but the hitter has the blue 
jngnlar patch more extended laterally, a much more reddish and brighter hindneck, 
and is smaller (wings lOU — 105 mm., mostly about 103 mm.)- Type : S A279, 
Avera, 23. ii. 1903, in the Tring Museum. 

In Orn. Monatsber. 1912. pp. 102, 127, Dr. Finsch has described as a new 
species a "Pitta Habenickti" apparently from a single specimen obtained near 
Potsdamhafen in Kaiser Wilhelmslaud. As far as we can gather from the 
descriptions this supposed new species differs essentially from P. mackloti only in 
the bright fiery red of the hindneck. The amount of blue on the crown and the 
width of the black pectoral line are so variable in this species, that these characters 
are irrelevant in one single specimen. We consider it very risky, not to say rash, 
to describe as a new species a Pitta of which only one skin is at hand ; and we have 
seen such variation in the colour of the hindneck in P. mackloti mackloti that we 
fear that the supposed Pitta habenichti is only an aberration of P. m. mackloti. 
Dr. Finsch has not explained whether true mackloti wa? found in the same place, 
and whether he had a good series of the latter for comparison, or only a few 
examples. 

66. Petrochelidon nigricans (Vieillot). 

Himnlo nigricans Vieillot, iVoHi'. Diet, d Hist. Nat. xiv. p. 532 (1817 : New Holland'). 

6 t? ? ; Kumusi River, June— July 1907 (Nos. 3192, 3193, 3229, 3230, 3286, 
3288.) 

07. Megalurus macrurus macrurus Salvad. 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 225. 

3 (?(?, 2 ¥ ? ad.; Kumusi River, June— July 1007. (Nos. 3163, 3281, 3282, 
3300, 3347.) 

" Iris light brown, feet light horn, bill brown horn." 

68. Cisticola exilis Vig. & Horsf. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 225. 

6 cJ ? ad.; Kumusi River, June, Jaly, September 1907. (Nos. 3188, 3274, 3284, 
3390, 3302, 3456.) 

69. Eupetes geislerorum Mey. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 230. 

3 (?c?, 2 ? ? ad.; Kumusi River, June, July, August 1907. (Nos. 3184, 3276, 
3295, 3321, 3400.) 

" Iris brown, bill and feet black." 

We have also received a pair from Cape Nelson. 

There is some slight variation in the series before us. In two male specimens 
the head is of a deeper olive-brown, or rather less olive, more brownish. One 
female is almost uniform chestnut above, the others having the head and nape more 
olive-brown, while the lower back and rump are chestnut. A young male from 
CoUingwood Bay (A. S. Meek collection. No. 2531), and another from Cape Nelson 
(A. S. Meek, No. 3460), show that the young males are coloured like the adult 
females ; those specimens are in moult, one showing some of the blue feathers 
appearing on the back, the other some remains of the chestnut and brown plumage. 



( li^S ) 
7(1. Microeca flavovirescens Gray. 

Cf. .Vow. Znnl 1907. p. -471. 

? (not quite adult) ; Knmnsi Kiver, June 15, 1907. (No. 3198.) 

71. Gerygone wahnesi (Mey.). 
Cf.. Nin: Zool. 1903. p. 472. 

2 c?c? ad. ; Kumnai Kiver, July, August 1907. (Nos. 3357, 3430.) 
" Iris red, feet slate, bill black." 

72. Gerygone chrysogaster Gray. 

Cf. Nov. Znnl. 190.^. p. 472. 

2 SS, 1 ? ad ; Kumusi River, May, June, Angast 1907. (Nos. 2980, 3164, 
3435.) 

" Iris dull red, feet light horn, bill black." 

73. Aethomyias spilodera guttata Sharpe. 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 475. 

6c??; Knmnsi River, June, August 1907. (Nos. 3177, 3246, 3379, 3389, 
3437, 3438.) 

74. Todopsis wallacii Gray. 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 477. 

1 c?, 2 ? ? ad. ; Kumusi River, July, August 1901. (Nos. 3327, 3428, 3429.) 

75. Malurus alboscapulatus naimii Salvad. & d'Alb. 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 190.3. p. 478 ; 1907. p. 461. 

4 cJcJ, 2 ? ?; Kumusi River, June, July, August 1907. (Nos. 3190, 3208, 
3225, 3235, 3245, 3399.) 

{Malurus alboscapularis naimii, in Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 479, should read Malurie.^ 
f.dhoscaijulatu.'t iwimii.) 

In size these birds agree well with those from S.E. New Guinea. 

76. Peltops blainvillii (Less. & Garu.). 

Cf. Nor. Zool. 1903. p. 454. 

6c??; Kumusi River, May, Jnne, August 1907. (Nos. 2936, 2952, 3035, 
3136, 3410, 3418.) 

" Iris dark red, feet and bill black." 

Specimen No. 2952, evidently an immature bird, has the wing-coverts tipped 
with white. We have a similar specimen from Milne Bay, which also has some 
white feathers in the middle of the throat, and which is undoubtedly juvenile. 

77. Monarcha melanopsis (Vieill.). 

Cf. Nor. Zool. 1903. p. 455. 

4 (JcT, 1 ? ad.; Kumusi River, May, Jnne, August 1907. (Nos. 2908, 2985, 
3129, 3366, 3436.) 

" Iris brown, feet slate, bill chalky blue." 



( 199 ) 

78. Monarcha menadensis (Quoy & Gaim.). 
Cf. Not: Zoul. 1903. p. 458. 

5 c?? ad.; Knmnsi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 2893, 3146, 3170, 3176, 
3264.) 

" Iris brown, feet slaty bine, bill slaty blue." 

79. Monarcha guttula (Garn.). 
Cf. Nov. Z;«l. 1903. p. 456 ; 1907. p. 462. 

cJ imin., 9 ? ad. and iinm. : Knmnsi River, May, .Jnne 1907. (Nos. 2917, 
3131, 3182.) 

" Iris brown, feet slate, bill slate." 

Monarcha keteriirus Salvad. {Ann. Mus. Genov. (2) xvi. p. 74. (1896) ), is 
apparently only an aberration of M. (/iittuld, as one of onr specimens (a female) from 
the Aroa River has the two onter pairs of rectrices only tipped with white; the other 
.two, a male and female, agree in every particular with M. gutttila. Moreover the 
extent of white on the third outer rectrix varies greatly, from 3 to 12 mm. on the 
inner web. At the same time it is remarkable that among our series of over fifty 
specimens only one has absolutely no white on the third rectrix, while all the six 
skins from Vikaiku in the Owen Stanley Mountains, described as M. heterurus 
by Count Salvador! {I.e.), have only the two outermost tail-feathers marked with 
white. 

80. Monarcha chalybeocephalus chalybeocephalus (Gam.). 

Cf. Nor. Zool. 1903. p. 457. 

3 J (J ad., 2 J c? juv., 1 ¥ ad. ; Kumusi River, May, June, August 1907. (Nos. 
2895, 2972, 3021, 3083, 3210, 3394.) 

Young males have the breast tinged with buff. Females are pure white 
below. 

81. Monarcha chrysomela aruensis Salvad. 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 459. 

3 iS, 1 9 ad. ; Knmnsi River, May, August 1907. (Nos. 3073, 3074, 3373, 
3427.) 

" Iris brown, feet slate, bill slaty blue, tip black." 

82. Arses telescophthalmus orientalis Salvad. 

.Icse.1 orientulis Salvador!, .i/in. Mus. Civ. Genoca, (:i) ix. p. .'166 (1890— Rigo, near Kapa Kapa,cast 
of Port Moresby). 

2 (JcJ, 5 ? 9; Kumusi River, May 1907. (Nos. 2885, 2886, 2892, 2925, 2933, 
2934, 3043.) 

When writing about the various subspecies of Arseg telescophthalmus in Noc. 
Zool. 1003, pp. 461, 462, we had insufficient material to judge from, and onr con- 
clusions were therefore too hasty and conse(inently partly wrong. As it is, all the 
females and young males from Kumusi have the abdomen yellowish buif, like the 
female from Colling wood Bay mentioned in onr former article, while the abdomen 
is white in the females of A. t. telescophth(dmus from Dutch New Guinea, and in 
'^■1. t. hi'nkei from the Astrolabe and Owen Stanley Mountains. The females from 
Simbang, collected by the late Ur. Nvmiii {.\or. Zool. 1903, p. 461) arc (juite similar, 

li 



( 200 ) 

or maybe slightly paler on an average ; in the latter case tliey wonld have to he 
called .1. t. latiterbaclii {Arses Innterbachi Reichenow, OriK Monatsbfii-. 1897, ]>. 161), 
iu the former A. lauterbachi is a synonym of .4. nnentalis. Evidently Professor 
Reichenow, when describing ^l. lauterbachi, had quite overlooked Salvadori's 
A. orieiitalis. In 1894 Madarilsz described another Arses from German New 
Guinea, namely Arses fenicheli from Bnngu {Aquilu, i. pp. 92, 93). This bird has 
a white alidomen and a grey, instead of black, crown, and the back is olivaceous. 
What this bird may be, and how the adnlt male may look, we do not yet know, but 
we have a similar bird, collected by the late (!arl Wahnes on Astrolabe Bay, 
without date aiid exact locality. Probably .1. fenirheli is auother subs]>ecies of 
Arses telesroplitJialmus. It may be added that the males of A. t. telescoplitkalmus 
have more black on the chin, but that those of A. t. kenltei, A. t. orientulis 
and (if that should be recognisable) A. t. lauterbachi, ajipear to be perfectly 
indistinguishable. 

83. Rhipidura tricolor (Vieill.). 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 4G2. 

6 c?? ad.; Kumusi River, June, July, August 1907. (Nos. 318o, 3207, 3273, 
3291, 3360, 3369.) 

84. Rhipidura setosa giilaris (Q. & G.). 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1898. p. 52.5 ; 1903. p. 4G3. 

o cJ? ad.; Kumusi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 2986, 3104, 3173, 3212, 
3251.) 

85. Rhipidura threnothorax S. Miill. 

Cf. Nov. Z„„l. Mm. p. 463. 

4 c?? ad. ; Kumusi River, August 1907. (Nos. 3383, 3384, 3395, 3396.) 

86. Rhipidura leucothorax Salvad. 

Cf. Nnr. Zcitl. 1903. p. 463. 

6 (J ? ad.; Kumusi River, May, June, July 1907. (Nos. 2938, 3153, 3154, 3255, 
3272, 3305.) 

87. Rhipidura rufidorsa A. P>. Meyer. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 465. 

6 c?? ad.; Kumusi River, June, Jidy, August 1907. (Nos. 3151, 3211, 3336, 
3341, 3382, 3425.) 

88. Myiagra rubecula (Latli.). 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1907. p. 402. 

c? ad. ; Kumusi River, July 28, 1907. (No. 3322.) 

Whether the birds from New Guinea are absolutely identical with those from 
Australia we have not sufficient material (esjiecially females from Australia) to say. 
Six females from Rossel Island, St. Aignan Island, and Arna River iu British New 
Guinea have the rufons chest band of a much deeper colour, and more sharply 
defined, than three females from N.W. Australia. 

89. Machaerirhynchus flaviventer novus subsp. nov. 
2 tJc?ad., 3 ? ?; Kumusi Rivi-r, June and August 1907. (Nos. 3237, 3315, 
3377, 3378, 3390.) 

The males dilTer from the males of M. Jlnri center albifrons from Eastern Dutch 



( ^01 ) 

New Guinea, Mysol and Waigin in having more white on the throat, and a 
male from Haidana in Collingwood Bay agrees with them entirel}'. The above 
three males have also the undersides bright yellow without an orange or golden 
tinge, which one sees in M.f. alhifrons. Under these circumstances it is desirable 
to separate this form. Type of M.Jlameenter novus : S ad. Haidana, Collingwood 

Bay, April 15, I'.lOT, A. S. Meek collfiction. A male from Aicora in N.E. 

British NiiW Gninea agrees with tiie type, but its underside is more golden yellow, 
just as in t'^\i\i.&\Jiamenter. 

In our former article in Nov. Zool. 1903, p. 470, we certainly made a mistake 
in the nomenclature. If M. alhifrons with the white forehead is a subspecies of a 
form with a yellow forehead, its nomenclature must be as it is here introduced, 
because then jcaMhogenys must also be looked upon as a subspecies oi M.flxviventer. 
As now treated we have the following forms : 

1. M. fiavicenter fiaviventer Gould : North Queensland from Gape York to 
Cairns, Cedar Bay and Bartle Frere Mountains. 

(Mr. Mathews, yoc. Zool. xviii. p. 322, January 1912, has separated birds 
from Cairns, stating they were larger; but the comparison with a pair from Cape 
York does not confirm this statement.) 

2. M. Jiaticenter xanthogent/s Gray : British New Guinea from Milne Bay 
to the Aroa River, and Upper Setekwa, a tributary of the Oetakwa River in the 
vSouthern Snow Mountains, Aru Islands. 

3. M. /taviventcr alhifrons Gray : Waigin, Mysol, and N.W. Dutch New 
Guinea. 

4. M. Jlanventcr nocus : Kumnsi River and Collingwood Bay in Northern 
British New Guinea. 

90. Coracina boyeri boyeri (Gray). 

Cf. .V<"'. Zwl. 19)3. p. 'JH (sub nomine Grj,>i.calui hojsri). 

4 (?c?',2 ? ? ad.; Kumusi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 2999, 3102, 3103, 3051, 
3110, 3219.) 

" Iris brown, bill and feet black." 

It is interesting to see that these specimens have the darker under wing- 
coverts of the typical hogeri from N.W. New Guinea, which we knew already from 
Konstantinhafen in German New Gninea, while farther south, at Collingwood Bay 
and Milne Bay, the very closely allied Coracina hogeri suhalaris occurs. 

91. Coracina papuensis meekiana subsp. nov. 

Cf. Griiucalus pa/)ite>i!<is hupokucii^ in X')i\ Zoul, U)03. p. 205. 

5 cJ<? ad.; Kumusi River, May, June, August 1907. (Nos. 2930, 3033, 3209, 
3250, 3420.) 

" Iris brown, feet black, bill black." 

This interesting form of Cora.nina pipuensis stands between Coracina papu- 
ensis papuensis and C. p. slalkeri Mathews.* It ditfers from C. p. papnrnsis in its 
much paler greyish chest, white throat and almost entirely white aTidomen ; from 
C. p. slalkeri in the greater e.xtent of black on the lores, there being as a rule no 
white feathers on the eyelids, and by the less whitish and more grey edges to the 

* Mathews, Nov. Z<io7. xviii. p. 32(), under the name of C. hypolcnca stalheri. 



( 202 ) 

secondanes and tips of primaries ; from ("". p. htjpoleuca in the grej'ish chest, 
darker wing-edges, and more greyish (not white) line above the black edge on the 
forehead. 

Type : No. 3209, Knmnsi River, 17, vi. 1907. 

92. Edoliisoma melas meeki Kothsch. & Hart. 
Cf. yiov. Zool. 1903. p. 207. 

3 c?c?, 2 ? ? ad., 1 cT jnv.; Knmnsi River, May, Jmie 1907. (Nos. 2997, 3015, 
3034, 3076, 3130,3217.) 

" Iris brown, feet and bill black." 

Specimen No. 3130, a female, is somewliat darker than the rest of the series, 
but it is still easily distinguished from its allied subspecies. 

93. Lalage karu polygrammica (Gray). 
Cf. Nov. Zool. i;i03. p. 210. 

3 (J (? ad., 1 <S juv., 1 ? ad. ; Kumusi River, May, June, July 1907. (Nos. 2923, 
2937, 3026, 3206, 3285.) 

91. Cinnyris aspasia christianae Tristr. 

Cf. Xoi: Zool. 1903. p. 212. 

2 c?(?, 1 ? ad., 2 cJcf imm. ; Kumusi River, May, June, July 19u7. (Nos. 2889, 
3002, 3158, 3247, 3275.) 

" Iris brown, feet and bill black." 

These birds agree fully with the series from the D'Entrecasteaux group and 
the Louisiades Islands, and from Simbang in German New Guinea, mentioned in 
Nov. Zool. 1903. We have also received an adnlt male from Collingwood Bay (see 
page 209), showing that this form occnrs all along the coast from Huon Gnlf 
south to the D'Entrecasteaux group of islands. 

95. Cinnyris frenata frenata (S. Mull.). 

Cf. Not: Zool. 1903. p. 213. 

3 cJ J, 1 ? ; Kumusi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 2914, 3013, 3014, 3199.) 

96. Dicaeum geelvinkianum rubrocoronatum Sharpe. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 2 1.'',. 

4 cJcJ, 2 ? ? ad. ; Kumusi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 3005, 3053, 3114, 
3159, 3191, 3203.) 

" Iris brown, bill and feet black." 

97. Melanocharis bicolor Rams. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1907. p. 477. 

2 eft? ad., 3 ¥ ? ad. et imm. ; Kumusi River, June, July, August 1907. (Nos. 
3172, 3301, 3349, 3391, 3393.) 



( 203 ) 

98. Glycichaera poliocephala Salvad. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 436. 

2 ? ? ad. ; Knransi River, Jane, August 1907. (Nos. 3224, 3405.) 
" Iris grey, feet slate ; bill, upper mandible light, lower dark horn." 

These birds agree with the female received from Milne Ba^' {Nov. Zool. 1903), 
with the excei^tion that the heads are slightl}' larger. We have received no male 
of this species. More material would be desirable. 

99. Jffielilestes megarhynchus megarhynchus (Gray). 

Cf. Nop. Zonl. 1903. p. 43(5. 

(? ? ad., c? imm. ; Knmasi River, June, July 1907. (Nos. 3091, 3363, 
3364.) 

The young birds are striped with dark brown nnderneath and have a yellowish 
ring round the eyes. 

In 1903, I.e., we included witli M. megarhi/nchiis three specimens from Waigiu, 
but we find now that they are less greenish underneath, with the throats paler 
and more greyish, and that they should be separated as M. megarh/nchns vagans 
{Aracknothcra ^•ayf(/(s "Bernstein, Jourii. J. Orn. 1864, p. 40o, Waigiu). 

lOo. Ptilotis analoga analoga Rchb. 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1898. p. hTt, 1809. p. iiCi, 1903. p. 441. 

2 cJcJ, 1 ? ad. ?; Knmusi River, May, July 1007. 

The specimens from the Knmusi River agree with many others from various 
parts of New Guinea. Formerly we united with Ptilotis analoga analoga (typical 
locality Western New Guinea) not only the birds from North Queensland, but also 
those from the Sndest Islands. A renewed careful examination, however, shows 
that they are not (juite similar. The Cape York form, Ptilotis analoya nofata, has 
a much weaker bill, and is generally smaller. The birds from the Sudest Islands 
are a shade paler on the underside, have a distinct ashy grey tinge on the lores and 
forehead, and the yellow malar line is less distinct; moreover, they have more 
powerful bills than P. a. analoga, the bills being as strong as in P. a. notata. 
The form from the Sudest Islands might conveniently be called 

Ptilotis analoga vicina subsp. nov. 
Type : No. 1696, i ad., Sndest Islands, 8. iv. 189t<, A. S. Meek coll. 

101. Ptilotis aruensis sharpei Rothsch. & Hart. 
Cf. Nov. Zonl. 1903. p. 442. 

2 ? ¥ ad.; Kumusi River, May 1907. (Nos. 2905, 2906.) 

102. Ptilotis chrysotis visi Hart. 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 445. 

2c?(?, 2 ??; Kumusi River, Mav, Jnne 1907. (Nos. 2973, 2989, 3039, 
3138.) 



(204) 
103. Ptilotis finschi Rothsch. & Hart. 

Ptilotiafimcl.l Rothsch. & Hart. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 448 (1903) " Mta. Brit. N. Guinea." 

S ad. ; Kiimnsi River, May 23, 1007. (No. 2998.) 

" Iris brown, feet slaty blue, bill black." 

We have now three skins of this rare species in the collection. The t3'pe 
labelled " Mts. Brit. N. Guinea," the one recorded above, and a third labelled " cJ, 
N.E. Coast, Brit. N. Gninea, 2 November, 3U0 ft.," collected by a Mr. H. G. Liverey. 
All three are very much alike, the one collected by H. G. Liverey being slightly 
darker above, and the margins of outer webs of the primaries more rufon?. It is 
also darker on the underside. 

The type came from a doubtful locality, but there is a specimen from Milne Bay 
in the Leyden Museum, therefore the distrilnition of this species appears to be the 
north-east coast of British New Guinea. 

1114. Philemon novaeguineae novaeguineae (S. Miill.). 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 19U3. p. 449. 

2 ? ?; Knmnsi River, May, June 1007. (Nos. 3027, 3101.) 

105. Triceliopsis falviventris (Rams.). 

Euthyrhynchus fuhiveidrla, Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 451. 

c? ad. ; Knmusi River, August 13, 1907. (No. 3404.) 

" Iris hazel, feet light horn ; bill, upper mandible dark, lower light horn." 

106. Pycnopygius stictocephalus (Salvad.). 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 451. 

? ; Knmnsi River, May 24, 1907. (No. 3001.) 
" Iris brown, feet dark slate, bill black." 

107. Pachycephala dubia Rams. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. lOfi. 

4 cf ? ad. ; Kumnsi River, May, July 1907. (Nos. 2910, 2922, 3316, 3335.) 
Specimen No. 3335, sexed ? , is below very buff, the buff colour extending 
strongly down the sides and on the flanks. Fonr skins from Mt. Gayata and 
Sogere are j)aler underneath, and one, from Mt. Gayata, has the under wing- 
coverts tinged with lemon-yellow, though the abdomen has no yellow whatever, the 
yellow abdomen distinguishing P. griseiccps. 

108. Cracticus cassicus (Bodd.). 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 92. 

6 J ? ad. ; Knmnsi River, May, Jnne 1907. (Nos. 2891, 2950, 3180, 3238, 3239, 
3240.) 

109. Pitohui ferruginens clarus (Meyer). 

Cf. Nor. Zool. 1903. p. 98. 

6 cJ? ad. ; Knmnsi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 2935, 3116, 3119, 3252, 
3263.) 



( 205 ) 

IKt. Pinarolestes megarhynchus superfluus subsp. nov. 

3"cJJ," 2"? ?" ad., 1 "¥" imm. ; Kamusi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 
2961, 2962, 2975, 3000, 3006, 3166.) 

(Jlosely allied to P. megarhi/nchiis degpectm Rotliscb. & Hart. {Noo. Zool. 1903. 
p. 100, 1907. p. 471.)) from Milii^ Bay, the Owen Stanley Moaataiiis, aud the Upper 
Aroa River, but the npperside is darker, less greeuish or olive, more of a deep 
rnsset-brown, agreeing in this respjct more with P. tnegarki/richtis madaraszi 
Rothscb. & Hart. {Noo. Zool. 1903. p. 100) from the Sattelberg in Kaiser Wilbelms- 
land, of which we have now seen three skins, one in the Budapest Masenm, and 
two, both collected by the late Carl Wahnes, in the Tring Museum, but the latter 
is much smaller (wings, 85, 88 mm ) and more rnfescent underneath. 

Underneath P. m. superjLuus agrees well with P. m. despectus, though in most 
specimens the dark markings on the jngulum are more prominent. The wings of 
the new form measure from 935 (in the female) to 96, and from 96 to 101 (in the 
male), while those of P. in. despectus range from 85 to 92, and in one instance 
(a specimen from Mt. Cameron) to 95 mm. 

Type of P. m. super/iuus : No. 2902, J ad., Kumusi River, 17. v. 1907. 

Two specimens collected on the "Aicora River," in Northern British New 
Guinea, are intermediate between the two, but agree more with P. m. despectus. 



111. Dicrurus carbonarius (Sharpe). 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 100. 

3 Jc?, 2 ? ? ad. ; Kumusi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 3045, 3086, 3101, 
3111,3148). 

According to Meek's sexing the female has a smaller bill and shorter wing. 
Wing in the males 158, in the females 148 mm. 

112. Oriolus striatus Quoy et Gaim. 
Ct Nov. Z'lul. 1903. p. 111. 

4 cJ ? ad., (J? imm.; Kumusi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 3016, 3022, 
3032, 3065, 3098, 3226.) 

Two immature birds have tiie bill black, and (in one especially) very distinct 
white superciliaries, sides of throat and ear-coverts almost uniform black. An 
immature female from Kapaur is similarly marked. 

113. Mino dumontii Less. 

Ct Nov. Zool. W03. p. 113. 

4 cJ ? ad. ; Kumusi River, May, June, August 1907. 

114. Calornis metallicus (Temm.). 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 114. 

(J ? ad., S imm. ; Kumusi River, June 1907. (Nos. 3133, 3134, 316.5.) 



( 206 ) 

115. Calomis cantoroides Gray. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 11,5. 

6 (?? ad. ; Knmnsi River, May, June 1907. (Nos. 2955, 3216, 3241, 3256— 
3258.) 

110. Chlamydera cerviniventris Gonld. 

Cf. Nov. Zoo!. 1903. p. 68. 

Chlamydera crrvinlmilrls Gould, Proc. Zoo!. Soc. Lorn!. 1850. p. 201 (1851— Cape York). 

6 <? c? ad. ; Kamasi River, May 1907. (Nos. 2920, 2946, 2994, 2995, 3040, 
3041.) 

117. Cicinnurus regins regfius (L.). 

Cf. Nov. Zoo!. 1903. p. 77. 

3 cJcJ ad., 2 iS imm., 1 ? ad. ; Kiimusi River, May, Jnne, July 1907. 
(Nos. 306G, 3093, 3128, 3323, 3333, 3334.) 

" Iris brown, feet cobalt bine, bill light straw yellow." 

118. Paradisea apoda intermedia De Vis. 

Cf. Nov. Zoo!. 1903. p. 81 ; also /i/s, 1911. pp. 352, 367. 

2 <Si imm., 2 ? ?; Kumusi River, Jnue, Angnst 1907. (Nos. 3175, 3253, 
3261, 3414.) 

119. Manucodia chalybata orientalis Salvad. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 85. 

2 SS,\ ? ; Kumnsi River, Jnne 1907. (Nos. 3162, 3270, 3271.) 



( 20- ) 



LIST OF BIRDS COLLECTED BY MR. A. S. MEEK AT 
HAIDANA, COLLINGWOOD BAY, IN NORTH-EASTERN 
BRITISH NEW GUINEA. 

By the Hon. WALTER ROTHSCHILD and ERNST HARTERT. 

THOUGH not a large collection, it is interesting to publish a list of it, beoanse 
the birds between the East Clape of New Guinea and Kaiser Wilhelmsland 
have hitherto not l)een too well known. Some of the forms, such as Geri/gone con- 
spicillata ramaensis Echw., Eupetes geislcronim Jlej'., and Ailurocdm buccoides 
geislerormn Mey., are distinctly those known from German New Guinea, while 
others agree with those inhabiting the mountains of British New Guinea, such as 
Ptilotis ckri/sotis visi Hart. 

The collection was made in April 1907. 

1. Ptilinopus coronulatus huonensis A. B. Meyer. 

5 ? ad.; Haidana, April 16, 1997. (Nos. 2848, 2881.) 

2. Megaloprepia magnifica poliura Salvad. 
<S ad.; Haidana, April 13, 1907. (No. 2831.) 

3. Zonerodius heliosylus (Less.). 
¥ ad.; Haidana, April 17, 1907. (No. 2863.) 

4. Alcyone azurea lessoni Cassin. 
3 ad.; Haidana, April 18, 1907. (No. 2872). 

5. Melidora macrorhina macrorhina (Less.). 
? ad.; Haidana, April 13, 1907. (No. 2829.) 

6. Sauromai-ptis gaudichaud (Qnoy et Gaim.). 
i ad.; Haidana, April 18, 1907. (No. 2868.) 

7. Halcyon sancta Vig. & Horsf 
c? ad.; Haidana, April 18, 1907. (No. 2876.) 

8. Tanysiptera dea galatea Gray. 
1 (? ad., 6 ? imm.; Haidana, April 11,13, 19i»7. (Nos. 2820, 2836.) 

9. Merops ornatus Lath. 

6 ad.; Haidana, April 16, 1907. (No. 2845.) 



( 208 ) 

10. Geofiroyus personatus aruensis Gray. 
? Haidana, April 10, 1907. (No. 2880.) 

11. Loriculus aurantiifrons meeki Hart. 
2 ? ? ad.; Haidaua, April 12, lOoT. (Nos. 2822, 2S23.) 

12. Podargus papuensis Quoy &, Gaim. 
<S ad.; Haidana, April 1."., 1907. (No. 2840.) 

13. Centropus menbeki menbeki Less. & Garn. 

5 ad.; Haidana, April 15, 1907. (No. 2838.) 

14. Cacomantis castaneiventris Gould. 
(? ad.; Haidana, April 18, 1907. (No. 2865.) 

15. Cacomantis assimilis assimilis (Gray). 

6 ad.; Haidana, April 18, 1907. (No. 2871.) 

10. Monarcha menadensis (Qnoy & Gaim.). 
(? ad.; Haidana, April 18, 1907. (No. 2867.) 

17. Monarcha guttula (Garn.). 
6 ? imm.; Haidaua, April 13, 10, 1907. (Nos. 2833, 2848.) 

18. Monarcha melanopsis (Vieill.). 
? ad.; Haidana, April 13, 1907. (No. 2834.) 

19. Arses telescophthalmus orientalis Salvad. 
<? ad.; Haidana, April 17, 19U7. (Xo. 2859.) 

20. Rhipidura setosa gularis Miill. 
¥ ad.; Haidana, April 15, 1907. (No. 2841.) 

21. Machaerirhynchus xanthogenys albifrons Gray. 
c? ad.; Haidana, April 15, 1907. (No. 2839.) 

22. Gerygone chrysogaster Gray. 
(? ad., ? ? ad.; Haidaua, April 17, 1907. (Nos. 2821, 2861.) 

23. Gerygone conspicillata ramuensis Uchw. 

Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 474. 

1 ? ad.; Haidana, April 18, 1907. (No. 2874.) 

" Iris light reddish brown, feet light slate, bill black." 



( 209 ) 

24. Eupetes geislerorum Mey. 
? ad.; Haidana, April 16, 1907. (No. 284(5.) 

25. Artamus leucorhynchus leucopygialis Gould. 

Ct. Nov. Zuol. 1903. p. 112. 

? ad.; Haidana, April 11, 1907. (No. 2817.) 

26. Ailuroedus buccoides geislerorum Mey. 
Cf. Nov. Zool. 1903. p. 66. 

1 cJ, 2 ? ? ad.; Haidana, April 1907. (Nos. 2843, 28.58, 2870.) 

27. Ptilorhis intercedens Sharpe. 
? ad.; Haidana, April 13, 1907. (No. 2830.) 

28. Pitohui ferrugineus clarus (Meyer), 
t? ad.; Haidana, Aprif 15, 1907. (No. 2844.) 

29. Pachycephala dubia Rams. 

c? ? ad.; Haidana, April 16, 17, 1904. (Nos. 2849, 2856.) 

30. Dicrurus carbonarius (Sharpe). 
S imin.; Haidana, April 13, 1907. (No. 2832.) 

31. Cinnyris aspasiae christianae Tristr. 
cJ ad.; Haidana, April 13, 1907. (No. 2828.) 

32. Ptilotis chrysotis visi Hart. 
cJ ? ad.; Haidana, April 17, 18, 1907. (Nos. 2864, 2879.) 

33. Philemon novaeguineae novaeguineae (S. Miill.) 
^ ad.; Haidana, April 18, 1907. (No. 2860.) 



(210) 



DESCEIPTION OF TWO NEW BIHDS FROM THE TIMOR 
GROUP OF ISLANDS. 

By C. B. HELLMAYR. 

Dicaeum hanieli sp. nov. 

cJ ad. Head above, back, npper wing- and tail-coverts black, strongly glossed 
with metallic bine; qnills blackish, e.xteriorly edged with steel blue; rectrices 
metallic bhiish black. Sides of the head sooty black ; cliin, tliroat, and foreueck 
creamy white ; chest bright scarlit, the basal portion of the feathers wliite ; 
remainder of under parts creamy white, a narrow blackish stripe along the middle 
of the breast; axillaries and nnder wing-coverts snowy white; qnills with a narrow, 
whitish margin along inner web. " Iris dark brown, feet and bill black." Wing 
56A ; tail 3ii ; bill 9 ; tarsns 14 mm. 

Tijpe in the Zoological Mnsenm, Mnnich, No. 11. 2422, S ad. Bonleo, 
Timor, 3UU0 ft., June 8, 1911. Collected by C. B. Haniel, Esq., No. 233. 

Ohs. This new Flower-picker, of which unfortunately bat a single adult 
male was obtained in the mountainous interior of the island of Timor, appears 
to be most nearly allied to D. sanguinolentum Temra., from Java. It differs, 
however, by its much larger size,* quite differently shaped bill, and several colour- 
characters. The upper parts are glossed with metallic blue instead of bright 
purplish blue; the throat and foreneck as well as the belly are pale creamy white 
instead of deep buffy yellow ; the red of the chest is less extended, and of a clearer, 
more scarlet tinge ; the blackish stripe in the middle of the breast much more 
restricted, also duller in hue ; the dark slaty olive colour of the flanks, so con- 
spicuous a feature in D. sanyuinolenttim, is altogetlier absent in the new bird. 
In the Javan species the malar region and sides of the throat arc sooty black 
like the ear coverts, and the middle of the tliroat only is deep bufl'y yellow, whereas 
D. hanieli has the whole throat as well as the foreneck clear creamy white. The 
most striking diflfereuce, however, consists of the shape of the bill. While 
D. sanguinolentum is characterised by an e.xtremely compressed, slender bill (width 
at base scarcely exceeding 2 to '2\ mm.), the Timor-bird, in that resjiect, rather 
resembles the well-known D. macldoti, having a thick, blunt beak, which is fully 
4 mm. broad at the nostrils, and gradually narrows on its terminal portion, without 
ending, however, in an acute tij), as is invariably the case in its western ally. 
The legs and feet, too, are mnch stronger in tlie new bird, the tarsus being both 
longer and thicker. f 

• In eight males of D. sanguinolentum the length ot the whig varies from J7 to 50, that of the tail 
from 25 to 2H mm. 

f This very interesting new species, though agreeing with Dicofttm. sanguinolfntuin of Java in the 
absence of red on the upper tail-coverts and rump, is reall.v more allied to the group of />. mackh'ti and 
its various subspecies, as it agrees with them in the heavy bill and general coloration, but it cliffers from 
all these forms in having the upper tad-coverts and lower rump uniform blue-black, like the entire 
upperside, and in the entirely creamy white throat. — E. Hautekt. 



(211 ) 

Neopsittacus iris wetterensis snbsp. nov. 

NeopsiUacus iris (nee Temminck) Hartert. Nov. Zoul. xi. 1904. p. 194 (Wetter Island). 

Adult. Most nearly allied to ^V. iris iris, from Western Timor, but easily 
(listingnishable by its larger size, longer as well as more robust bill, and by having 
the cheeks and malar region deep grass-green instead of light yellowish grey. 
Wing 123—126; tail 80—85; bill 17—18 mm. 

Type in the Tring Mnsenm ; c? ad., Wetter Island, September 18, 19U2. 
Collected by Heinrich Kiihn, No. 02918. 

Hab. Island of Wetter, north-east of Timor. 

Obs. When describing the large collections formed by the late Heinrich 
Kiihn on the Sonth-west Islands, Dr. E. Hartert qnite correctly pointed out the 
differences between X. i. rubripiletim, of Eastern Timor, and the birds from Wetter, 
but owing to lack of material of the typical form the latter were referred to 
N. iris. The Zoological Mnsenm of Munich having recently received ten specimens 
of the true N. iris from a place called Lelogama in Western (Dutch) Timor, the 
distinctness of the Wetter form became at once apparent. While agreeing with 
N. i. iris in the reddish .violet hue of the ear-coverts and in the bluish or lilac 
wash on the pilenm, JS. iris wetterensis is very much larger, and the sides of the 
head are deeper and more grass-green. ^V. iris rubri pileum Salvad., from Eastern 
Timor, may be distinguished by its smaller size, uniform red upper part of the 
head, and more bluish ear-coverts. There are thus three races : 

(a) X. iris iris (Temm.). Western Timor. Smaller: wing 114^118; tail 
74 — 79 ; bill 15 — 16i mm. Pileum washed with purplish blue or lilac ; ear patch 
reddish violet ; sides of the head light yellowish green. 

(b) N. iris rubripileum Salvad. Eastern Timor (Deli, Atapupn, Filaran, etc.). 
Wing 113—117; tail 72 — 76; bill 15—16 mm. Pilenm uniform red, or very 
slightly tinged with greenish on posterior portion ; ear-coverts violet blue; sides of 
head light yellowish green. 

{c) N. iris wetterensis Hellm. AVetter Island. Larger: wing 123 — 126; 
tail 80 — 85; bill 17 — 18 mm. Coloration as in X. i. iris, but sides of head darker 
and more grass-green. 



( 212 ) 



NEW LITHOSIANAE. 
By the Hon-. W. Rothschild, Ph.D., F.R.S. 

1. Graphosia reticulata sj). uov. 

c?. Head and thorax yellowisli buff ; auteniiae brown ; abdomen greyish buff, 

last two segments more yellowish. Forewing creamy bnff, an oblique concave 

antemedial band, a postmedian band, and a terminal band joined to each other and 

base of wing by longitudinal bars, wood-brown, fringe creamy bnff. Hindwin<^ 

creamy bnft'. 

?. similar, but lacks antemedian band on forewings. 

Length of forewing : 13 mm. 

Hub. Kumnsi River, N.E. British New Guinea, June 1907 (A. S. Meek). 

2. Lambula sericea sp. nov. 

cJ. Head and body huffish grey ; abdomen darker, anal tuft yellowish ; 

antennae brown. Forewing with costal area folded back, and apex abruptly 

truncated ; pale greyish buff clouded with darker wood-buff with a lustrous satiny 
gloss. Hindwing pale wood-buff. 

Length of forewing : 12 mm. 

Hab. Mount Goliath, 5UU0 — 7000 ft., Central Dutch New Guinea, January 
1911 (type). Angabunga River, affl. St. Joseph's River, British New Gainea, 
6000 ft., November 1904— February 1905 (A. S. Meek). 

3. Lambula brunneomarginata sp. nov. 

f?. Head, body, and antennae wood-brown, anal tuft yellow.- -Forewing 

with costal area folded back ; base, costal and terminal margins wood-brown with 
a satiny lustre, rest of wing cream-colour. Hindwing cream-colour. 

? has not got costal area folded back ; costa strongly convex and Iiindwings 

not so sharply triangular as in S . Forewing with very strong satiny sheen, 

almost metallic white ; a broad antemedian band, a median large round blotch, and 

a broad subterminal band elbowed outwards greenish olive-bronze. Hindwing 

mouse-grey. 

Length of forewing : S 12 mm., ? 10 mm. 

Ilab. Near Oetakwa River, t>now Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, up to 
3500 ft., October— December 1910 (A. S. Meek) (type); Milne Bay, British New 
Guinea, 1898 (A. S. Meek). 

4. Lambula sericeoides sp. nov. 

(J. Closely allied to sericea Rothsch. Head, thorax, and antennae dark brown, 
vertex and j)atagia ]iale wood-bull'; abdomen grey-butr, anal tuft orange-buff. 

Forewing creamy bnff; folded-back costal area, base, a large patch on vein 1, 

a broad subterminal band and a narrow terminal one bronzy wood-brown. 

Hindwing pale creamy bull'. 



(213) 

? liaa not got costal area of forewing folded back ; the costa is strongly 
convex and the forewing before tlie apex is abruptly trnncated. Head, thorax, and 
antennae chocolate-brown, vertex and tegnlae snow-white ; abdomen orange-bnflf, 

greyish on first two segments. Forewing snow-white; a large antemedian patch, 

a postmedian and a snbterminal band cbocohite-brown ; the two bands are 
coalescent and the antemedian patch is joined to the postmedian band by a narrow 
bar. Hindwing yellowish wood-bfown. 

Length of forewing : S 12 mm., ? lOo mm. 

Hab. Monnt Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, 5000—7000 ft., January 1011 
(A. S. Meek) (type) ; near Oetakwa River, Snow Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, 
up to 3500 ft., October— December 1010 (A. S. Meek). 

5. Lambula bimaculata sp. tiov. 

d. Also .'similar to ser/cea sp. nov. Head, antennae, and thorax brown ; 

abdomen jiale wood-brown, first two segments grey-buff. Forewing cream-buff; 

costal area folded back ; base of wing, a large jiatch on vein 1, an irregular jiatch 
beyond this and above vein 1, a broad snbterminal band, and a terminal line bronzy 
brown. Hindwing very pale creamy Iniff. 

?. Lacks folded-back costal area and has normally shaped wings. Head, 

thorax, and antennae olive-bronze-brown ; abdomen brownish mouse-grey. 

Forewing white ; base of wing, antemedian broad l>and, a large median patch, a 

curved postmedian band, and a narrow terminal line greenish bronze-browu. • 

Hindwings mouse-grey. 

Length of forewing : c? 11 mm.; ? 13 mm. 

Bab. Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, 5000 ft., January 1906 
(A. S. Meek). 

6. Lambula albofasciata sp. nov. 

?. Head snow-white ; antennae, basal fourth white, rest dark brown ; thorax 

and abdomen blackish chocolate-brown. Forewing blackish chocolate-brown ; a 

snbbasal patch, a median and a postmedian oblique transverse band, and a spot at 

apex snow-white. Hindwing basal two-thirds semihyaline white, outer third 

sooty brown. 

Length of forewing : 12 mm. 

Nab. Biagi, Mambare River, Britisli New Guinea, 5000 ft., January 1006 
(A. S. Meek). 

7. Lambula albiceps sp. nov. 

c?. Head snow-white; antennae, thorax, abdomen, and forewings chocolate- 
brown. Hindwings, basal two-thirds semiliyaliue white, outer third sooty 

brown. 

There is a scent-organ containing a tuft of long hair on forewiugs, and also 
one in the shape of a large costal lappet with a patch of androconia on it oa 
hindwings. 

? similar, but without scent-organs on wings. 

This may be an extreme form of the preceding species, but this could only be 
determined with the aid of much longer series than I possess. 

Length of forewing: <S 10 mm., ? 12 mm. 

Ifab. Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, 5000 ft., January 1906 
(A. S. Meek). 



( '-il4 ) 

8. Lambula bicolor sp. nov. 

?. Head, antennae, and thorax creamy yellowish wliite ; abdomen monse-grey, 

anal tnft cream-colour. Forewinj,' creamy yellowish white, streak on median 

nervnre and area below it obliijuely sooty grey. Hindwing greyish cream- 
white. 

Length of forewing : !» mm. 

Hab. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, oOOO — moo ft., January 1911 
(A. S. Meek). 

0. Lambula substrigillata s]). nov. 

?. Antennae brown; head and thorax creara-whitc; abdomen grey, anal tuft 

yellowish cream. Forewing greyish cream-white irrorated with almost obsolete 

brownish streaks. Hindwing greyish cream-white. 

Length of forewing : 10 mm. 

Hah. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, 5000—7000 ft., January 1911 
(A. S. Meek). 

10. Lambula minuta sp. nov. 

cJ. Antennae yellowish brown, first three joints white ; head white ; thorax 
dark grey, tegulae and base of patagia white ; abdomen yellowish bufi' tinged with 

grey. Forewing white, basal half of wing from middle of cell to hind margin 

brownish sooty grey, a broad subterminal and a narrow terminal line pale grey. 

Hindwing greyish white. 

Length of forewing : 7 mm. 

Hall. NearOetakwa River, Snow Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, up to 3500 ft., 
October— December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

11. Lambula flavobrunnea sp. nov. 

cJ. Head, thorax, and antennae orauge-brown ; abdomen wood-gre)', anal tuft 

yellow. Forewing bright orange-brown, a curved postmediau line from subcosta 

to above vein 1 sooty black. Hindwing orange-buff. 

Length of forewing : 12 mm. 

Hah. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, 5000—7000 ft., February 
1911 (A. S. Meek). 

1-. Lambula aurantiaca sp. nov. 

cJ. Head, antennae, and thorax brownish orange; abdomen sooty black, basal 

segment and anal tuft yellowish. Forewing brownish orange, a narrow transverse 

antemedian and a similar postmediau line greyish brown ; in some specimens the 

space between these lines is filled up, forming a broad discal band. Hindwing 

pale cream-buff. 

Length of forewing : 13 mm. 

Hah. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, ."JnOO — 70i)0ft., Fel)ruary 
1911 (A. S. Meek). 

13. Lambula castanea sp. nov. 

6. Head orange ; antennae chestnut ; thorax deep brown ; abdomen wood- 
brown, anal tuft orange. Forewing chestnut ; a median transverse line and 

terminal margin sooty brown. Hindwing sooty brown-grey, fringe and base of 

wing paler. 



( ai5 ) 

Length of fore wiug : 13mm. 

Hab. Near Oetakwa River, Snow Monntains, Dutch New Gninea, np to 3500 ft., 
October— December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

14. Lambula caprimimoides sp. nov. 

c?. Antennae bnff-brown ; bead and thorax rufous chocolate ; abdomen sooty 

brown, anal tuft buff. Forewing: costa strongly arched, wing truncate towards 

apex ; rufous chocolate, and an antemediau and a postmedian zigzag very thin 
transverse line sooty black, a black spot at tornus. Hindwing : sooty mouse-grey. 

This species has a striking resemblance in shape to Caprimima rotunda 
Hamps. 

Length of forewing : 105 mm. 

Hab. Biagi, Mambare Eiver, British New Guinea, February 1906 (A. S. 
Meek). 

15. Scoliacma khasiana sp. nov. 

(?. Head creamy white ; antennae j)ale brown ; thorax and abdomen mouse- 
grey, tegnlae whitish. Forewing : creamy wliite clouded with mouse-grey, a 

darker mouse-grey transverse median bar and a similar patch below vein 5 as 
far as vein 2 ; a curious fold covered with large rough scales below basal two-thirds 
of subcostal nervure. Hindwing : mouse-grey, fringe paler. 

Length of forewing : 14-5 mm. 

Hab. Khasis, Assam, June 1894 (Native coll.). 

16. Scoliacma fuliginosa sp. nov. 

S. Head, antennae, and thorax sooty wood-brown ; abdomen dark greyish 

wood-brown, anal tuft paler. Forewing : sooty wood-brown ; a discal and post- 

discal darker transverse line, terminal edge also darker. Hindwing : pale 

wood-brown. 

Length of forewing : 13 mm. 

Hab. Angabnnga River, aflfl. of St. .Joseph's River, British New Guinea 
6000— 65UU ft., November 1904— February 1905 (A. S. Meek). 

17. Scoliacma brunnescens sp. nov. 

S. Head, antennae and thorax brown ; abdomen wood-grey, anal tnft buff. 

Forewing : reddish wood-brown ; on the underside of the disc is a large and 

curious scent-organ full of black androconial scales, basally of this runs a fold 
covered with large rough scales. Hindwing : greyish buff. 

9 has forewing paler buffish wood-brown crossed by a transverse darker median 
line composed of small streaks crowded together. 

Length of forewing : <? 13 mm. ; ? 12o mm. 

Hab. Angabunga River, affl. of St. .Joseph's River, British New Guinea, 
6000—6500 fc, November 1004— February 1905 (A. S. Meek). 

IS. Scoliacma bivittata sp. nov. 

¥. Head, thorax and abdomen dark jmrplish grey, anal tuft yellowish. 

Forewing : whitish grey densely powdered with purplish brown scales ; two 

postmedian transverse bands and terminal edge pur[)le-brown. Hindwing : 

yellowish grey. 

15 



( ~'16 ) 

Length of forewiug : 13-1.5 mm. 

Hab. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, 5000—7000 ft, February 
1911 (A. S. Meek). 

19. Poliosia flavogfrisea sji. nov. 

?. Head, antennae and thorax tawny orange; abdomen above soot}- black, 

sides and anal tuft orange-yellow. Forewing : tawny orange, a small black spot 

at ape.\. Hindwing: dark sooty grey. 

Length of forewing : 12 mm. 

llab. Near Oetakwa River, Snow Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, up to 3.500 ft.> 
October— December 1010 (A. S. Meek). 

20. Chrysoscota albomaculata sp. nov. 

t?. Head and thorax dark wood-brown, antennae jiale brown ; abdomen dark 

sooty grey, claspers yellowish. Forewing : bronzy wood-brown, a large oblong 

creamy white patch in cell. Hindwing : dark sooty grey. 

Length of forewing : 14 mm. 

Ilab. Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, 5000 ft., April 190G 
(A. S. Meek). 

21. Chrysoscota lacteiplaga sp. nov. 

cJ. Head and margins of tegnlac and patagia cream-colonr ; rest of thorax and 
abdomen sooty grey-black, anal tuft and claspers cream-colour, auteanae brown, 

Forewing : cream-colour ; a large patch on basal half below cell, a dot in cell, 

and a large jiatch occupying almost the entire apical third of wing wood-brown. 
Hindwing : sooty blackish grey. 

? differs in having head and margins of tegulae and patagia golden, the 
anal tnft sooty black, and the entire forewing bronzy wood-brown with a cream 
yellow spot at end of cell and one on subcosta just beyond it. 

Length of forewing : t? 12 mm., ? 14 mm. 

llab. Near Oetakwa River, Snow Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, up to 3500 ft., 
October— December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

One of the males has the brown spots more or less joined and drawn out into 
two longitudinal bands ; it may be called ab. conjuncta ab. nov. 

22, Nishada brunnea sp. nov. 

(J. Head and thorax orange ; apical half of i)atagia and abdomeu sooty purple- 
brown, anal tuft white ; antennae brown.— — Forewing : dark purple brown. 

Hindwing : costal half grey, lower half dark purple-brown. 

? differs in having fore- and hindwings uniform sooty brownish grey. 

Length of forewing : S 15 mm., ? 17 mm. 

Hab. Kumusi River, N.B. British New Guinea, August 1907 (A. S. Meek). 

23. Nishada flavens ^\ nov. 

(?. Antennae yellowish bntf; head, thorax and abdomen maize-yellow. 

Forewing : maize-yellow. Hindwing : yellowisli buff. 

Length of forewing : 17 mm. 
Hab. Java. 



(217 ) 

24. Nishada testacea sp. nov. 

iS. Antennae brown ; head and thorax testaceous wood-brown ; abdomen 
yellowish wood-browu. Forewing : tostaceons wood-brown. Hindwing : semi- 
hyaline greyish buif, abdominal third of wing clothed with long orange hair. 

Length of forewing : 18 mm. 

Hab. Padang Rengas, Malay Peninsula. 

25. Nishada griseoflava sp. nov. 

d. Antennae brown: frons sooty black, vertex and thorax testaceons buff; 

abdomen greyish orange-buff. Forewing : testaceous buff. Hindwing : bnffish 

yellow, abdominal area clothed with orange hairs. 

Length of forewing ; 15 mm. 

Hab. Manila, Philippine Islands (J. Whitehead). 

20., Tigrioides margaritacea sp. nov. 

cJ. Head greyish white, antennae greyish white with orange-brown pectinations; 

thorax and abdomen bnffish pearl-grey, anal tuft yellowish. Forewing : costa 

strongly convex, wing at termen abruptly trnncate and from apex of vein 2 
to middle <^ inner margin much crnmpled ; veins 1 and 2 very sinuate, almost 
coalescing at termen ; colour huffish jiearl-grey. Hindwing : costal half semi- 
hyaline silvery grey, rest of wing pale brownish wood-grey ; whole wing very broad 
and much crumpled. 

Length of forewing : 11 mm. 

Hab. Near Oetakwa IJiver, Snow Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, up to 35U0 ft., 
October — December 1910 (A. iS. Meek). 

27. Tigrioides approximans sp. nov. 

(S. Similar in colour and general appearance to preceding species, but larger. 
The iorewing is longer and narrower, the hindwing is less broad, the silvery grey 
area on costal portion of wing is much reduced and both wings are hardly at 
all crnmpled. 

Length of forewing : 15 mm. 

Hab. Monnt Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, 50U0 — 7000 ft., January 
1911 (A. S. Meek). 

28. Tigrioides lactea sp. nov. 

5. Resembles m%rgaritacea in shape, but the wings are less crumpled. 
Head, thorax, and first two abdominal segments cream-white, rest of abdomen 
more greyish ; antennae white, with brownish pectinations. Forewing cream- 
white, on and below vein 1 buff. Hindwing : costal half greyish silvery white, 

rest pale yellowish gre}'. 

Length of forewing : 9'6 mm. 

Hah. Near Oetakwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch Ne.v Guinea, up to 3500 ft., 
October — December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 



( 218 ) 

29. Tigrioides albogrisea sp. uov. 

?. Antennae brown; head and thorax creamy white; abdomen pale grey; 

anal tnft bnff. Forewing satiny snow-white. Hindwing very pale ash-grey, 

fringe white. 

Length of forewing : 10 mm. 

Hab. Near Oetakwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, up to 3500 ft, 
October— December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

30. Tigrioides albescens sp. nov. 

c? Antennae pale brown : head, thorax, and abdomen white. Forewing 

chalk-white. Hindwing : chalk-white, costal third of wing occupied by a 

large yellowish ash-brown patch of androconia. 

? entirely satiny snow-white, abdomen with greyish tinge. 

Length of forewing : cJ 11 mm., ? 13 mm. 

Hab. Near Oetakwa River, Snow Mts., Dntcli New Guinea, nj) to 3500 ft., 
October— December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

31. Tigrioides fuscescens sp. nov. 

? . Antennae brown ; head, tliorax, and abdomen greyish bnff. Forewing 

greyish buff, basal half below subcostal washed with brown. Hindwing semi- 
hyaline bntf. 

Lengtli of forewing : 12o mm. 

Hab. Knmusi River, N.E. British New Guinea, August 1907 (A. S. Meek). 

32. Tigrioides flavescens sp. nov. 

? . Head, antennae, thorax, and abdomen orange-bnif. Forewing orauge- 

buff. Hindwing semihyaline yellowish buff. Another female is paler and more 

yellow. 

Length of forewing : 11 mm. 

Hab. Kumnsi River, N.E. British New Guinea, August 1907 (A. S. Meek). 

33. Tigrioides rufescens sp. nov. 

cJ. Antennae fuscous; head and thorax orange-rufous; abdomen orange ; anal 

tuft sooty black. Forewing orange-rufous washed with brown. Hindwing 

sooty grey, paler towards l)ase, abdominal margin ochre. 

Length of forewing : 10-5 mm. 

Hab. Kumusi River, N.E. British New Guinea, June 1907 (A. S. Meek). 

34. Rhagophanes aurantia sji. nov. 

c?. Antennae brownish ; head and thorax brilliant orange. Forewing 

brilliant orange, an antemedian and a median zigzag transverse iron-grey band 
freckled with white scales ; between the median band and termen a number of 
iron-grey patches with white freckling, as if two further bands had been broken 
uj). Hindwing yellowish buff. 

Length of forewing : 8 mm. 

Hub. Biagi, Mambare River, British New (Juinea, 5000 ft., March 1900 
(A. S. Meek).' 



( 219 ) 

35. Mithuna quadrilineata quadrilineata subsp. nov. 

<?. Antennae brown ; bead aud thorax dark orauge-bnflF; abdomen greyish 
orange-bnff. Forewiug dark orange-bnff; a snbbasal, an antemedian, a post- 
median, aud a terminal transverse irregular black line, the latter somewhat broken 
into spots ; from centre of postmedian line a horizontal streak almost joins terminal 
line. Hindwing yellowish bnff. 

Length of forewing : 13 mm. 

Ilab. Monnt Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, 5000—7000 ft., February 
1911 (A. S. Meek). 

3(3. Mithuna quadrilineata dilutior subsp. nov. 

6. Much paler in colour ; wings pale bnffish yellow with bands or lines 
purple-grey. 

Ilab. Near Oetakwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, up to 3500 ft., 
October— December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

37. Crambidia bifasciata sp. nov. 

? (type). Antennae brownish ; liead yellowish grey ; thorax and abdomen 

wood-grey. Forewing wood-grey somewhat freckled with darker scales ; an 

antemedian bar and a postmedian transverse one of purplish wood-brown. Hind- 
wing yellowish mouse-grey. 

c? similar, but darker, and transverse bars less distinct. 

Length of forewing : ? 12 mm., <? 13 mm. 

Hab. Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, 5000 ft., February 1906 
(A. S. Meek). 

38. Ilema perplexa sp. nov. 

? . Antennae brown ; frons dark grey ; vertex orange ; thorax violet-grey ; 
tegnlae aud outer edge of patagia orange ; abdomen mouse-grey ; anal tuft yellow. 

Forewing violet-grey, base and costal area broadly yellow-buff, this colour 

running round apex and rapidly narrowing along termen becomes obsolete at 
tornus. Hindwing yellow-buflf. 

Length of forewing : 18 mm. 

Hab. Astrolabe Bay, German New Guinea (C. Wahues). 

39. Ilema germana sp. nov. 

?. Near to perplexa, but at once distinguishable by the black antennae, 
orange head, orange-bnif abdomen, and the slate-grey forewings with orange 
margins of uniform width from base of costa to tornus. 

Length of forewing : 20 mm. 

Hab. Near Oetakwa River, Snow Mts., Dutch New Guinea, np to 3500 ft., 
October— December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

40. Ilema rufofasciata sp. nov. 

<J. Antennae rufous ; head, thorax, aud abdomen yellowish grey. Forewing 

brownish cream-buff, a median oblique rufous-chestnut transverse band. Hind- 
wing cream-buff. 



( 220 ) 

Length of forewing : IT'5 mm. 

Hab. Man Escarpment, British East Africa, 6500—9000 ft., March 1901 
(W. Doherty). 

41. Ilema violitincta «[>. nov. 

cJ. Antennae brown; head brown-bnff; thorax manve-brown ; abdomen, basal 

half dirt)' bntf, apical half black. Forewin": violet mauve-brown, paler on outer 

third ; from base of wing almost to end of cell is a large scent-organ of rough 
recurved scales, at the end of which is a chocolate patch, and on costa near middle 
a brown streak. Hindwing orange-buff. 

? has duller forewings, with area below median vein in basal half chocolate, 
and a small dark dot in cell and one on costa obliquely above it ; thorax dark 

brown, abdomen sooty grey. Hindwing greyish wood-brown, tinged with bulf in 

costal and abdominal areas and on fringe. 

Length of forewing : S 12 — 14 mm.; ? 15 mm. 

Hab. Tambora, Sumbawa, 2500—4000 ft., June 1890 (W. Doherty). 

42. Ilema aurantiotestacea sp. nov. 

c?. Head and tegnlae orange ; rest of thorax and apical half of abdomen 

black, basal half of abdomen grey. Forewing greyish orange-butf, apical and 

terminal fringe orange ; a large, almost square, velvety black discal patch. 

Hindwing orange-buflp. 

Length of forewing : 12 mm. 

Hab. Amboina, August 1892 (W. Doherty). 

43. Ilema lutescens sji. nov. 

(?. Head dark buff; thorax brown, tegnlae and patagia dark buff; abdomen 

greyish buff, ajiical half sooty brown. Forewing lemon-buff washed with grey 

and with a black-brown spot at end of cell. Hindwing lemon-buff. 

Length of forewing : 13 mm. 

Hab. Sula Besi, October 1897 (W. Doherty). 

44. Ilema curviplaga sp. nov. 

(?. Head yellowish grey ; antennae brownish ; thorax brown-black, tegulae 
and outer two-thirds of patagia yellowish grey ; abdomen mouse-grey, anal tuft 

buff. Forewing creamy grey with a shaded transverse bar on outer fourth ; 

a curved discal very broad brown-black band. Hindwing darker cream-grey, 

fringe yellowish. 

Length of forewing : 16 mm. 

Hab. Gnnong Ijau, Malay Peninsula. 

45. Ilema pyralina sp. nov. 

?. Antennae brown ; head orange ; thorax and abdomen sooty brown, tegulae 

orange. Forewing dark wood-brown, a broad dark buff costal margin on 

basal two-thirds of wing. Hindwing, basal half dark buff, outer half dark 

wood-brown. 

Length of forewing : 10 mm. 

Hab. Tambora, Sumbawa, 2500—4000 feet, June 1896 (W. Doherty). 



( 221 ) 

46. llema cuprea sp. nov. 

J. Antennae fuscous; head and thorax orange; abdomen sooty grey, anal 

tnft and sides of two last segments orange. Forewing brown purple with coppery 

bronze sheen, median fold and patch in cell orange. Hindwing basal three-fifths 

orange buff, outer two-fifths sooty brown. 

Length of forewing : 13 mm. 

Hab. Kumusi River, N.E. British New Guinea, August 19UT (A. S. Meek). 

47. Ilema nitens sp. nov. 

cJ. Antennae fuscous ; head deep orange ; thorax slate-grey, tegnlae and large 

patch on hinder part dark orange ; abdomen brownish orange. Forewing brownish 

slate-grey with strong cupreous sheen ; base and a broad band along costal 

margin orange. Hindwing basal two-fifths orange-buff, outer three-fifths 

brownish slate. 

Length of forewing : 14-.5 mm. 

Hab. Wassin, E. Africa, April 1889. 

48. Ilema testacea testacea subsp. nov. 

c?. Antennae sooty brown ; head and thorax sooty blackish grey, tegulae dirty 
bnffish testaceous ; abdomen dirty grey-buff. Forewing testaceous buff. Hind- 
wing orange-buff. 

Length of forewing : 17 mm. 

Ilab. Treasury Island, Solomon Islands, August a — 10, 1901 (A. S. Meek). 

49. Ilema testacea louisiadensis subsp. nov. 

cJ. Is larger than t. testacea and duller in colour; the hindwings strongly 
washed with grey. 

Length of forewing : 19 mm. 

Hub. St. Aignan, Louisiade Islands, October 1897 (A. S. Meek). 



50. Ilema sericeoalba sp. nov. 

?. Antennae dull brown; head buff; thorax cream-white, tegulae bnff; 

abdomen creamy grey, last three segments buff. Forewing satiny cream-white. 

Hindwing cream-buff. 

Length of forewing : 19 mm. 

Hab. Ganden, Aschabad, Kopet Dagh. 

51. Ilema testaceoflava sp. nov. 

:?. Entirely orange-buff ; abdomen and hindwings slightly paler. 

?. Entirely lemon-buff, slightly darker on forewing on and below vein 1. 

Length of forewing : i 13-5 mm. ; ? 15 mm. 

Hab. Kumusi River, N.E. British New Guinea, June 1907 (A. S. Meek). 



( 222 ) 

52. Hema niveata sp. nov. 

?. Antennae whitish brown ; head gre\' ; thorax and abdomen greyish white. 
Forewiug satiny snow-white, costal edge convex yellow. Hiudwing semi- 
hyaline snow-white. 

Length of forewing : 18 mm. 

Hah. Angabiinga River, affl. of St. Joseph's River, British New Guinea, 6000 
—6500 ft., November 1904- February 1905 (A. S. Meek). 

53. Ilema aurantioflava sp. nov. 

?. Antennae pale brown; head and thorax orange-buff; abdomen yellowish 

grey, yellow on sides and end of last two segments. Forewing orange-buff. 

Hindwing semihyaline yellowish bnff. 

Length of forewing : 15 mm. 

Ilab. Tumbora, Sumbawa, 25U0— 4000 ft., April— May 1896. 

54, Ilema lig'neofusca sp. nov. 

? . Head aud tegulae orange ; thorax and abdomen wood-grey. Forewing 

pale wood-brown. Hindwing pale buff. 

Length of forewiug : 15 mm. 

Hab. Astrolabe Bay, German New Guinea (C. Wahnes). 

55. Ilema brunneotincta sp. nov. 

? . Head, antennae, and thorax pale chocolate grey-brown ; abdomen yellowish 

brown-grey. Hindwings semihyaline yellowish buff-grey. 

Length of forewing : 24 mm. 

Ilab. Foot of Nieuwveld Mountains, N. W. of Beaufort West (Mrs. Butt). 

56. Ilema transfasciata sp. nov. 

S. Antennae pale brown ; head and thorax orange-buff; abdomen dirty bnff. 

Forewing cream-colonr, outer quarter maize-yellow ; a narrow basal, a broad 

antemedian and two broad postmedian transverse black bands, the outermost inter- 
rupted above veiu at the jioint where the scent-organ ou nnderside of wing 
ends. Hindwing buff. 

? similar but larger, and has a second antemedian black band. 

Length of forewing : c? 13 mm., ? 18 mm. 

Hab. Upper Oetakwa River, Snow Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, up to 
3500 ft., August 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

57. Ilema unifascia sp. nov. 

cJ. Antennae black ; head orange ; thorax fuscons grey, tegulae, base of patagia, 

and posterior borders orange ; abdomen sooty grey tinged with buff. Forewing 

sooty grey-brown, a dark sooty grey postmedian transverse bar, base of wing and 
costal edge orange. Hindwing bnff. 

Length of forewiug : 16'5 mm. 

Hab. Kamasi River, North-East British New Gainea, July 1907 (A. S. Meek). 



(22i ) 

58. Ilema quadripunctata sp. nov. 

(J. Antennae pale rnfons ; head orange, thorax rufous testaceous ; abdomen 

greyish orange-bnff, anal tnft brighter. Forewing rafims testaceous, a black spot 

on costa and one below it on median fold. Hindwing dark dingy buff. 

Length of forewing : 10 mm. 



I/ub. Ogragn, Niger. 



59. Bitecta flaveola sp. nov. 



(?. Head, antennae and thorax orange-buff; abdomen greyish buff. 

Forewing buff, costal area orange-buff. Hindwing buff. 

? . Similar. Another male is entirely pale cream-buff. 

Length of forewing : c? 14 mm., ? 13 mm. 

Hab. Biagi, Mambare Eiver, British New Guinea, 5000 ft., February 1906 
(A. S. Meek). 

60. Calamidia irrorata sj). nov. 

(?. Antennae rufous ; head and thorax yellowish grey, freckled with brown ; 

abdomen pale grey, two last segments yellow. Forewing yellowish buffy grey 

freckled and washed with brown, a postdiscal sinuous transverse brown bar. 

Hindwing semihyaline cream-grey, somewhnt obscurely freckled with brown in outer 
part of costal half of wing. 

? . Larger and paler, with hindwing greyer. 

In another (S the postdiscal bar is almost obsolete. 

Length of forewing : c? 13 mm., ? 15 mm. 

Hab. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, 5000—7000 ft., February 
1911 (A. S. Meek). 

(>]. Calamidia warringtonella warringtonella B. Baker. 

($. Antennae brown ; head orange ; thorax dark brownish grey, tegulae and 

base of patagia orange ; abdomen grey, anal tuft huffish. Forewing cream-colour 

with metallic gloss, whole area below median vein almost to inner margin grey- 
brown, becoming narrower from end of basal half to termen, where dark colour is 

confined between veins 3 and 5. Hindwing mouse-grey, fringe and abdominal 

area whitish grey. 

? larger ; the dark area of wing reduced below median vein, and ground colour 
of forewing white. 

Length of forewing : S 15 mm., ? 21 mm. 

JIab. Southern and North-Eastern slopes of Owen Stanley Mountains, British 
New Guinea. 

02. Calamidia warringtonella goliathina subsp. nov. 

(?. Differs in its larger size and yellower ground colour of forewing. 
? . Ditl'ers in the less pure, more creamy white ground colour of forewing. 
Length of forewing : c? 19 mm., ? 19-5 mm. 

Hab. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, 5000—7000 ft., January 1911 
(A. S. Meek). 



( ij--i-l ) 

G3. Calamidia castanea sp. nov. 
?. Antennae brown ; head and tegnlae yellowish brown; thorax chocolate ; 

abdomen mouse-grey. Forewing chocolate, clouded with chestnut and washed 

with pnrjile, a streak along median fold to tornns black freckled with white. 
Hiudwing semihyaline grey. 

Length of forewing : 18 mm. 

Hnb. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, oUOO— 7000 ft., January 1911 
(A. 8. Meek). 

64. Calamidia reticulata sji. nov. 

This is an extremely variable insect, and in my large series no two specimens 
are quite alike; the following S ? appear most typical. 

cj. Head cream-buff, palpi black, antennae brown ; thorax testaceous pale 

brown ; abdomen cream-buff, anal tuft yellow. Forewing chestnut brown 

irrorated with buff, and with a broad whitish buff tlare between vein 1 and median 
vein from base to two-thirds the length of the wing, a dark brown spot at the end 
of the flare. Hindwing buff. 

? larger and paler. 

Other c? t? have forewings and thorax much darker brown and the reticulations 
and flare mnch reduced or entirely absent, and hindwings salmon-buff. ? ? are 
either mnch paler, and the reticulations and flare much increased, or uniform brown 
with greyish buff hindwiugs. 

Length of forewings : c? 20 mm., ? 23 — 25 mm. 

Ilab. Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, 5000 ft, February— April 
1906 (A. S. Meek) (type) ; Angabunga River, afH. of St. Joseph's River, British 
New Guinea, 6000—6500 ft, November 1904— February 1905 (A. S. Meek). 

65. Monosyntaxis aflBnis sp. nov. 

?. Closely allied to triinaculata Hamjjs. Head orange, antennae black; 
thorax steel-green, tegulae and outer two-thirds of patagia orange ; abdomen dark 

sooty grey, sides of last three segments yellow. Forewing above median vein 

orange ; basal two-thirds of costal area and wing below median brownish purple 
with steel-green reflections. Hindwing orauge-bnff. 

Length of forewing : 22 mm. 

llab. Gunong Ijau, Malay Peninsula. 

66. Monosyntaxis persimilis sp. nov. 

S. Nqty %im\\a.x to M. hi imnctata B. Baker, which occurs with it. Differs at 
first sight by having strongly pectinated antennae instead of serrated ones. The 
frons is black, not dark orange, vertex, tegulae, and patagia dark buff, not reddish 
orange, metallic blue spot on patagia almost absent, and patches on thorax indistinct, 
and dirty grey, not metallic blue ; abdomen cream-white, not pale buff and orange, 
an anal tuft confined to tip. Wings much larger and hindwing rounder. The two 
spots on forewing dark brown, not steel-blue, the outer one mnch smaller and the 
inner one a narrow half-moon, not a broal half-globular patch. 

Length of forewing : peraimilis 21 mm., hi punctata 19 mm. 

Breadth of hindwing : „ 12J mm. „ 9i mm. 

Hab. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, 51)00—7000 ft., February 1911 
(A. S. Meek). 



( 225 ) 

67. Oeonistis lifuensis sp. nov. 

S. Antennae brown ; head and thorax bnff, tip of patagia and large patch on 

metathorax steel-green ; abdomen orange-bntf. Forewing butf with satiny sheen ; 

costa for three-fourths its length a median transverse band double as wide below 
median vein as above it, and a snbtermiual central patch metallic bright steel- 
blue. Hindwing yellowish orange-butf. 

? paler. 

Length of forewing : S 16-5 mm , ? 21 mm. 

Ila/j. Lifu, Loyalty Islands. 

68. Oeonistis aurifera sp. nov. 

cJ. Antennae sooty brown, frons black ; vertex and thorax orange-buflf with a 

metallic sheen; abdomen buff. Forewing metallic golden buff; a spot near base 

of inner margin, a large discal patch, and basal two-thirds of costal area metallic 
steel-blue. Hindwing maize-buff. 

Length of forewing : 21 mm. 

Hab. Near Oetakwa River, Snow Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, up to 3500 ft., 
October— December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

69. Oeonistis metallescens sp. nov. 

S. Antennae brown ; frons black, vertex metallic golden buif ; thorax metallic 
golden buff with brownish purple patch, abdomen whitish buff, last two segments 

and anal tuft maize-yellow. Forewing silvery white ; basal half below median 

vein pale metallic golden butf surrounded on three sides by a broad brownish purple 
band which on basal third of wing includes costa and extends in centre in a 
broad wedge almost to termen. Hindwing buff. 

? Larger and paler. 

Length of forewing : t? 19 mm., ? 24 mm. 

Hab. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, 5000— 7000 ft., February 1911 
(A. S. Meek). 

70. Oeonistis bistrigata sp. nov. 

tS. Palpi scarlet ; head grey with median band of dirty bnff, antennae grey- 
brown ; thorax slate-grey with greenish metallic sheen, tegulae bnff with scarlet 
edges and slate grey median band, patagia buff; legs scarlet, front of fore and 

middle tibiae satiny greenish grey ; thorax orange-buff. Forewing golden metallic 

bnff tinged or washed with brownish, a broad band along basal two-thirds of 
costa and an obliqne broad elbowed discal band from basal third of inner margin 
to two-thirds length of vein 4 metallic steel-green glossed with purple. Hind- 
wing orange-buff. 

Length of forewing : 26 mm. 

Hab. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, 5000—7000 ft., February 
1911 (A. S. Meek). 

71. Disoidemata lactea sp. nov. 

(J. Head yellowish white; thorax and abdomen brownish sooty grey, anal 

tuft yellowish. Forewing yellowish cream-white with some scattered sooty 

dots ; a subbasal streak and an antemediau somewhat obsolete transverse line 



( 226 ) 

brown, a row of black patches oq costa and apex and one on termen. Hind- 
wing, basal four-fifths white, rest grey. 

? . Similar, bnt forewings white and more black spots on termen. 

Length of forewing : S ~ mm., ? 5-5 mm. 

Hub. Rio Hnacamayo, Carabaya, Pern, iJloii ft., dry season, June 1904 
(G. R. Ockenden). 

'~. Disoidemata maculata sp. nov. 

(J. Antennae yellowish grey ; head and thorax creamy pearl-grey ; abdomen 

sooty grey, anal tnft paler. Forewing yellowish creamy jiearl-grey ; a broad 

subbasal transverse chocolate band glossed with steel-blue, a similarly coloured 
spot at apex of cell, and one beyond it, several grey waved transverse hairlines 

on disc, a chocolate incurved subterminal band from vein 7 to tornns. Hindwing 

mouse-grey. 

?. Smaller and chocolate markings much reduced, the subbasal band to two 
spots and the spot at ape.K of cell absent, while snbterminal band is much narrower. 

Length of forewing : 0'5 mm. 

Hub. Rio Hnacamayo, Carabaya, Peru, 3100 ft., dry season, June 19(14 
(G. R. Ockenden). 

73. Mintopola sordida sp. nov. 

(?. Antennae testaceons ; head and thorax dirty testaceons brown ; abdomen 

brownish grey-buif. Forewing cream-white tinged with dirty buff ; a dirty 

brownish smear from base to termen below vein 1, an oblique median brown 
band from median vein to inner margin. Hindwing cream-white. 

? has entire forewing dirty greyish cream. 

Length of forewing : J 17 mm., ? 10-5 mm. 

Eab. Monte Tolima, Colombia, 3.500 metres, February 1910 (A. H. Fassl). 

74. Agylla bisecta sp. nov. 

?. Antennae brown, palpi rufous, head butf; thorax and abdomen slate- 
grey, an orauge-buif ring on last segment. Forewing pale buff obliquely from 

base to termen at vein 2, rest of wing slate-grey. Hindwing pale bufif. 

Length of forewing : 22 mm. 

JIab. Kina Balu, North Borneo. 

70. Agylla alboluteola sp. nov. 

tj. Frons and antennae black ; vertex and thorax creamy white, abdomen 

bnffish yellow. Forewing cream-white ; a broad transverse postmedian band 

irregular on outer side steel-green with purple gloss, fringe of termen from apex 

to vein 2 and costal edge brown-black. Hindwing bnffish yellow, costal area 

cream-buff, a postdiscal sooty black patch on and above veins 2 and 3. 

Length of forewing : 24 mm. 

Ha6. Khasia Hills, Assam (Native coll.). 

7(i. Agylla rubrofasciata sji. nov. 

(?. Antennae rnfous ; frons dull crimson, vertex black ; thorax blackish slate- 
grey, basal two-thirds of tegnlae and outer half of patagia dull crimson, abdomen 
orange-buff. Forewing, obliquely from base to below vein 3 maize-j'ellow with 



( 227 ) 

satiny sheen, rest of wing blackish slate-grey, a broad cinnabar reel band along 
basal two-thirds of median fold. Hindwing huffish cream. 

? duller-coloured. 

Length of forewiiig: S 23 mm., ? 25 mm. 

Hab. Oconeque, Carabaya, Peru, 7000 ft., dry season, July 1904 (G. R. 
Ockenden). 

77. Agylla pseudobisecta sp. nov. 

At first sight this .species might be taken for the c? of bisecta, but its greyish 
bnfi' abdomen at once distinguishes it, as well as the less extent of dark colour 
on lower half of forewing. 

S. Antennae rufous; head and thorax sooty brown-grey ; abdomen grey-buff, 
last two segments orange-buff. Forewing pale buff, lower half of wing purple- 
brown below vein on basal third of wing and to just above vein 2 on outer two- 
thirds. Hindwing semihyaline whitish buff. 

Length of forewing : 23 mm. 

Hab. Monte Tolima, Colombia, March 1910 (A. H. Fassl). 

78. Agylla semidivisa sp. nov. 

?. Antennae orange-brown; frons buff, vertex slate-grey; thorax slate-grey, 
tegulae orange ; abdomen, basal half slate-grey, apical half orange-buff, sides orange- 
buff Forewing pale cream-buff above vein 1, with satiny sheen ; basal two 

thirds of costal edge orange ; below vein 1 purplish mouse-grey. Hindwing 

sericeous cream-buff. 

Length of forewing : 19 mm. 

Hab. Ciudad de Tucuman, 450 metres, January 1902 (Dinelli). 

79. Agylla extensa sp. nov. 

?. Very narrow and drawn out. Head, antennae, thorax, and abdomen 

brownish ash-grey. Forewing silky white, greyish brown on basal two-fifths 

below median vein, diminishing along vein 2 to tornns. Hindwing greyish silky 

white. 

Length of forewing : 20 mm. 

Hab. Rio Inambari, Carabaya, Peru, 6000 ft., November 1901 (G. R. Ockenden). 

80. Agylla flavicornis sji. nov. 

cf. Antennae brownish orange; vertex orange, fnjus sooty black ; thorax slate- 
grey, tegulae and patagia whitish buff, edged apically with slate-grey ; abdomen 

orange-buff. Forewing above vein 1 white with strong satiny sheen, costal edge 

yellow ; below vein I blackish slate-colour. Hindwing white, somewhat stained 

with brownish grey about apex. 

Length of forewing : 16 mm. 

Hab. La Oroya, Rio Inambari, Peru, 31 OO ft., dry season, September 1904 
(G. R. Ockenden). 

81. Agylla albotestacea sp. nov. 

S. Antennae yellowisii grey ; head and thorax testaceous grey ; abdomen 
huffish grey ; anal tuft yellowish. Forewing above median fold white washed 



( 228 ) 

with bnff on costal area ; below median fold testaceous brownish grey. Hind- 

wiug testaceous bnff. 

Length of forewing : 16 mm. 

Hub. Petropolis, Province Rio Janeiro, Brazil. 

82. Agylla postimparilis sp. nov. 

cJ. Head, thorax, and abdomen bnffish grey. Forewing white above vein 1, 

wood-grey below vein 1. Hindwing very pale cream-buff. 

? has area below vein 1 on forewing much paler, and hiudwing pure white. 
Length of forewing : S 12 mm., ? 13-5 mm. 
Hub. Petropolis, Province Rio Janeiro, Brazil. 

83. Areva albogrisea sji. nov. 

(?. Antennae fnscons ; head and thorax greyish white; abdomen mouse-grey. 

Forewings brownish grey with satiny sheen ; an irregular interrupted broad 

median transverse band white, prolonged towards tornas and upper p.irt of termeu'; 
a few whitish spots on tcrmen. Hindwing mouse-grey, basal third paler. 

Length of forewing : 14-5 mm. 

Hub. Santo Domingo de los Colorados, West Ecuador, October 1898 (W. Good- 
fellow). 

84. Pasteosia albescens sp. nov. 

? . Antennae brown ; head white ; thora.x and abdomen whitish grey. 

Forewing greyish white irrorated with ash-grey ; a dark dot at base of, and two at 
apex of cell ; three indistinct obsolescent transverse bars of grey in outer two-fifths. 
Hindwing pale creamy grey. 

Length of forewing : 12'5 mm. 

Hab. Angabunga River, affluent of St. Joseph's River, British New Guinea, 
6000— C50U ft., November 1004— February lOU;") (A. S. Meek). 

85. Palaeosia plagiata sj). nov. 

Varies in the denseness of the brown irroration and size of discal patch. 

S. Antennae rufous; head frons buff; vertex bnff saturated with pale 
brownish maroon ; thorax buff densely irrorated witli brownish maroon ; abdomen 

cream, anal tuft buff. Forewing cream-buff densely irrorated with pale brownish 

maroon, a discal patch below median fold, and a crescent at end of cell chocolate. 
Hindwing cream. 

Another 6 has the irrorations on forewing so dense and coalescing that very 
few traces of the creamy buff ground colour are visible; a third is normal in colour, 
but the discal patch is reduced to a small spot and tlie crescent to a dot. 

?. Much larger, and has on forewiug a broad band free of dark irrorations 
running from base of forewing to the discal patcli. A S shows this also in a less 
degree. 

Length of forewing : S 10 mm., ? 26 mm. 

Hab. Mount Goliath, Central Dntch New Guinea, i5000— TOOO ft., February 
1911 (A. S. Meek). 



( 229 ) 

80. Josiodes suapurensis suapurensis subsp. nov. 

S. Head and autennae black ; thorax deep orange ; abdomen black ; sides of 

basal segment orange. Forewing, basal two-thirds obliquely deep orange ; costal 

and inner margins and apical third black ; an orange band placed obliqnely in 

centre of black apical third. Hindwing deep orange with broad black borders ; 

the black colour runs np in a streak through abdominal area to base, and more 
obsoiescently in a streak along upper edge of c^ll. 

?. Differs in being larger; tlie orange is purer, the inner margin of forewing 
is orange, not black ; the margin of hindwing is narrower and does not emit streaks 
into wing, and the abdomen is orange with central black line and anal segment. 

Length of forewing : c^ 17 mm., ? 20 mm. 

Hab. Suapure, Venezuela, July 10, 1899 (S. M. Klages). 

87. Josiode? suapurensis intensus subsp. nov. 

? . Differs from «. simp'trens/'s in the more intense reddish orange colour, in 
the orange band on apex of forewing being much obscured with black, and in the 
thorax being black. 

Ilab. Saramacca River, Surinam, May 1893 (VV. Ellacombe). 

88. Josiodes quadrifascia sp. nov. 

?. Antennae black, pectinated ; head and thorax black; abdomen black with 

dirty orange sublateral bands. Forewing black, a broad oblique discal and a 

smaller subapical one deep orange. Hindwing black. 

Length of forewing : 19 mm. 

Hab. Chiriqui, Panama. 

89. Josiodes nigrobasalis sp. nov. 

? . Antennae, head, and tliorax black ; abdomen orange ; a broad hourglass- 
shaped dorsal band, and last two segments black. Forewing, basal and apical 

thirds black, median third dejp orange, which runs up in a narrow streak to the 

buse ; an orange band in apical third. Hindwing black ; basal three-fourths 

of abdominal margin broadly orange ; an orange spot somewhat obscured with 
black scales at base of vein 3. 

Length of forewing : 23 mm. 

Hab. Potaro, British Guiana. 

90. Josiodes fasciata sp. nov. 

?. Antennae black; heal orange; thorax black; inner half of patagia 

orange ; abdomen black ; lateral bands orange. Forewing black ; a broad band 

from base between median vein and vein 1 to vein 2 orange ; a transverse oblique 

orange postdiscal band from subcostal vein almost to termen above vein 3. 

Hindwing black ; abJo;ninal area to beyond tornus broadly orange ; fringe orange. 

Length of forewing : 15 mm. 

Hab. fcjau Esteban, Venezuela, June 1909 (S. M. Klages). 



( 2M) ) 

91. Cisthene argentinensis sp. uov. 

(?. Antennae and head black; thorax blaok, teu:iilae yellow-bnff ; abdomen 

yellow buff, basal and anal segments and dorsal line black. Forewing black, 

a median transverse band and two snbterminal patches bnflP. Hindwing, basal 

two-thirds yellow-bnff, rest black. 

? similar, but larger. 

Length of forewing : S 14 mm., ? 18-5 mm. 

I/ab. Salta, North Argentina, February 1905 (J. Steinbach) (type) ; Tucnman 
Argentina, 000—1300 metres ( = 2948—4258 ft.), Febrnary 1904 (J. Steinbach). 

92. Cisthene major sp. nov. 

?. Intermediate between priisias and menea and generally confounded with 

these two species. Antennae black ; head, thorax and abdomen orange. 

Forewing blackish slate-grey, a discal broad band and a subapical narrow curved 
one bnffish orange. Hindwing, basal three-fifths huffish orange, rest black. 

Length of forewing : 25 mm. 

Hab. Probably Andes of South America, or ( !hiriqui. 

93. Onychipoda curta sp. nov. 

Very short-winged and truncated in appearance. 

c?. Antennae brown ; head orange ; thorax greyish wood-brown ; abdomen 

orange-buff. Forewing yellowish ash-grey with silky sheen, costal margin 

broadly bright orange. Hindwing pale greyish cream-buff. 

Length of forewing : 16 mm. ; breadth, 8 mm. 

Ilah. Bihc, Angola. 

94. Onychipoda elongata sp. uov. 
(?. Differs from last in having much longer and narrower wings and the 
fringes golden. 

Lengtli of forewing : 20 ram. ; breadth, 05 mm. 
Hab. Nairobi, British East Africa (F. J. Jackson). 

95. Onychipoda bimarginata sp. nov. 

S. Antennae brown ; head orange ; thorax ash-grey, tegulae buff edged 
with deep orange ; abdomen sooty black, each segment edged with orange-buff, 

two basal segments brown-biift'. Forewing pale slate-grey with satiny sheen, 

terminal and inner margins bnffish yellow; costal margin double, costa black, space 
between costa and subcosta cream-wliite. Hindwing silky dark buff'. 

Length of forewing : 20 mm. ; breadth, 7 mm. 

Hab. Nairobi, British East Africa, Ajiril 1905 (Jackson). 

96. Onychipoda flavithorax sp. nov. 

? . Head and thorax deep orange ; abdomen slate-grey, each segment narrowly 

edged with orange-buff. Forewing sericeous silvery cream-grey, costa orange, 

fringe yellow. Hindwing pale cream-buff, fringe yellow. 

Length of forewing : 20 mm. ; breadth, 10 mm. 

Hab. Cnbal Kiver, Angola, March 1899 (Penrice). 



( ^31 ) 

97. Manoba rufotincta sp. nov. 

c?. Antennae brown ; bead white ; thorax greyish wood-brown, basal half of 

tegnlae and basal fourth of patagia white ; abdomen creain-biiff. Forewiii"- 

cinnamon grey ; basal two-fifths of costal area greyish white, outer three-fifths 
rufous chestnnt ; an irregular indistinct snbmedian patch of rnfons blackish grey 
streaks between median vein and inner margin, a transverse row of blackish dots 

one-fourth from termen, and a terminal indistinct row of reddish spots. 

Hindwing greyish cream-buff washed on outer fourth with cinnamon grey. 

Length of fore wing : 10'5 mm. 

Ilab. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, .5000 — 7000 ft., January 
1911 (A. S. Meek) (type) ; Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, January 1906 
(A. S. Meek). 

98. Manoba lactogrisea sp. nov. 

6. Antennae dark grey ; head and thorax cream-white ; abdomen mouse-grey, 

anal tuft whitish. Forewing whitish cream ; a postmedian wedge-shaped grey 

patch runs from costa to vein 4 and prolonged along costa half-way to base with two 
yellow spots at its apex ; a transverse indistinct line close to this patch and between 
the yellow spots runs from costa to inner margin ; two subapical dark grey patches 
and one at toruus, a terminal dark line. Hindwing pale mouse-grey. 

Length of forewing : 10 mm. 

Hab. Upper Set'ekwa River, Suow Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, 2000 — 
3U00 ft., August 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

99. Manoba albina sp. nov. 

? . Antennae whitish ; head and thorax snow-white ; abdomen whitish grey. 
Forewing white with a number of obsolescent smears of dirty brown, a sub- 
basal angled bar in costal area and three brownish blotches between it and apex, 
fringe grey. Hindwing snow-white. 

Length of forewing : 75 mm. 

Hab. Augabunga River, afl3. of St. Joseph's River, British New Guinea, 
0000—6.500 ft., November 1904— February 1905 (A. S. Meek). 

lOit. Manoba terminalis sp. nov. 

cJ. Antennae grey, head white ; thorax mouse-grey, tegulae white ; abdomen 

silver grey. Forewing white ; basal two-thirds of costal area and large patch in 

basal third between median fold and inner margin dark grey, a grey subterminal 

broad band, apex and terminal band maroon brown with patches of grey scales. 

Hindwing pale mouse-grey. 

Length of forewing : 8 mm. 

Hab. Kumusi River, N.E. British New Guinea, June 1907 (A. S. Meek) 
(type) ; Upper 8etekwa River, Snow Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, 2000 — 3000 ft., 
August 191U (A. S. Meek). 

101. Manoba grisescens sp. nov. 

tj. Head, antennae, thorax, and abdomen mouse-grey. Forewing whitish 

grey with transverse bandlike smears of brownish grey, terminal band dark grey. 
Hindwing pale mouse-grey. 

Length of forewing : 0'5 mm. 

Hab. Milne Bay, British New Guinea, Fe'.MUuy 1899 (A. S. Meek). 

16 



( 232 ) 

102. Manoba alboplagiata sp. nov. 

?. Antennae whitisli ; head and thorax white; abdomen whitish gre)-. 

Forewing iridescent yellowish grey with indistinct greyish brown markings ; basal 
half of wiug below median fold and apical half above vein 3 occupied by large snow- 
white patches. Hindwing French grey. 

Length of forewing : 7 mm. 

Hab. Biagi, Mambare River, British New Gninea, 5000 ft., March lOOij 
(A. S. Meek). 

103. Garudinodes affinis sp. nov. 

Allied to albomaculata B. Baker. 

cJ. Antennae yellowish brown ; head snow-white ; thorax chocolate rnfons, ajiical 
two-thirds of patagia and patch on raesothora.x snow-white. Abdomen yellowish 

liver-brown. Forewing chocolate liver-brown with the usual large patch of rongh 

hair on basal half of wing, apical and terminal margins and two jiatches on costal 

half of basal two-thirds of wing snow-white. Hindwing cinnamon yellowish 

brown, a band of chocolate liver-brown along abdominal area with central white 
patch, fringe at tornns white. 

? without jiatch of rongh hair ; differs from S in the whole thorax and abdomen 

being chocolate rufous brown. Forewing chocolate rnfous brown, a basal, median, 

and postmedian transverse band, apex, and upper two-thirds of termen white. 

Hindwing chestnut liver-brown. 

Length of forewing : S I'i'o mm., ? mm. 

Hub. Haidaua, Collingwood Bay, British New Guinea, April 1907 (A.S. Meek). 

104. Garudinodes castaneus sp. nov. 

(?. Antennae brown ; head and thorax deep chestnut brown ; abdomen slightly 

paler. Forewing deep chestnut brown with large patch of rough hair ; a median 

streak in costal area and an almost concealed ])atch at apex of ])ad of rough hair 
dirty white. Hindwing liver-chestnut, darker on abdominal fold. 

Length of forewing : 10 mm. 

Ilab. Haidana, Collingwood Bay, British New Gninea, April 1907 (A. S. Meek). 

105. Garudinodes recurviloba sp. nov. 

c?. Antennae brown ; head canary yellow ; thorax, tegulae and front half canary 

yellow, patagia and hind half dull chocolate ; abilomen yellowish grey. Forewing, 

basal two-thirds greyish cream with inner margin canary yellow, outer third 
chocolate brown with two irregular patches of canary yellow ; the basal half of costa 
is produced into an ennrmons lobe which is recurved concealing the basal half of 

forewing to vein 1 ; this lobe is bright chocolate with a satiny sheen. Hindwing 

gemihyaline greyish cream washed with brown on outer half. 

? . Much smaller than the male and without the costal recurved lobe. Forewing 
metallic golden yellow, with basal, median and termino-ajiical patches rnfous choco- 
late ; the median patch only reaches to median fold. 

Length of forewing : c? 12 mm. (size of lobe 6x3 mm.), ? 9 mm. 

Hab. Biagi, Mambare IJiver, British New Gninea, 5000 ft., February 1906 
(A. S. Meek). 



( 233 ) 

106. Garudinia bimaculata sp. nov. 

<?. Antennae pale brown ; head and thorax cream ; abdomen slate grey, anal 

tnft yellowish. Forewing cream, a large ovate patch in and below cell to inner 

margin and a jiostmedian broad band brownish slate-colour. Hindwing, costal 

half pale grey, rest mouse-grey. 

? similar, bnt ovate discal patch smaller. 

Length of forewing : i 8 mm., ? 7 mm. 

Had. Labuan, North Borneo, Jnly 1891 (A. Everett). 

lOT. Garudinia big'uttata sp. nov. 

c?. Allied to bimaculata. Antennae brownish ; head and thorax cream-white ; 

abdomen mouse-grey. Forewing cream-white with two large blackish olive 

patches. Hindwing sharply truncated and deeply excised at apex, a large 

terminal lobe between central fold and vein 4, basal half semihyaline pale grey, rest 
mouse-grey. 

Length of forewing : 10 mm. 

Hab. Khasia Hills, Assam, November I89o (Native collectors). This is very 
close to biplagittta. 

.108. Garudinia aureopurpurata sp. nov. 

cJ. Head, antennae, and thorax golden yellow; abdomen buflf. Forewing 

golden yellow; two large purple patches, the inner one almost occupying basal 

half of wing. Hindwing cream-buff, fringe and apex darker. 

Length of forewing : 8 mm. 

Hab. Haidana, CoUingwood Bay, British New Guinea, April 1907 (A. S. 
Meek). 

109. Garudinia cupreifascia sp. nov. 

?. Antennae brown; head greyish white; thorax coppery purple, tips of 
patagia and spot on hind part cream- white; abdomen pale grey, anal tuft enor- 
mous, pale wood-brown. Forewing milk-white, an antemedian and a postmedian 

curved transverse band metallic copper colour. Hindwing semihyaline creamy 

buif, very pale. 

Length of forewing: 11 'o ram. 

Hab. Tambora, Sumbawa, 2500—4000 ft., June 1896 (W. Doherty). 

110. Garudinia bizonata sp. nov. 

cJ. Antennae brown ; head white ; thorax chocolate purple ; tegulae, a 
spot in front and behind, and tips of patagia white ; abdomen greyish cream. 
Forewing snow-white ; antemedian and postdiscal transverse oblique bands dark 

bronzy copper-colour, the latter somewhat serpentine. Hindwing greyish 

cream-white. 

Length of forewing : 11 mm. 

Hab. " Parana, Entre llios : " the locality is presumably erroneous. 

111. Garudinia bifasciata sp. nov. 

6. Antennae brown ; head and thorax white, base of patagia and centre of 
thorax liver-brown ; abdomen brownish cream. Forewing wiiite ; an oblique 



( ~'a4 ) 

antemedian and waved postdiscal transverse bands liver-chestnnt. Hindwing 

whitish cream. 

Length of forewing : lO'o mm. 

Hab. Pennngah, North Borneo, December tJO, 1893. 

112. Garudinia excisa sp. nov. 

cJ. Head, antennae, and thora.K pale claret-pnrple ; abdomen pale wood-brown, 

anal tnft yellow. Forewing excised at and beyond middle of costa pale 

claret-jmrple ; a large discal patch, widest at inner margin, narrowest at median 
vein, olivaceous gallstone-yellow ; a yellow elongated spot at excised part of costa. 
Hindwiug yellowish grey-brown. 

Length of forewing : 9 mm. 

Hah. Near Oetakwa River, Snow Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, up to 3500 ft., 
October— December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

113. Garudinia trifasciata sp. nov. 

c?. Antennae brown ; head and thorax golden yellow, apical half of patagia 
and hind part of thorax purplish chestnut ; abdomen butfy grey-brown. Fore- 
wing golden yellow, three oblique purple bands with strong metallic blue gloss. 

Hiudwing semihyaline buff. 

Length of forewing : 8'5 mm. 

Ilab. Near Oetakwa River, Snow Mountains, Dutch New Gniuea, up to 3500 ft., 
October— December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

1 14. Padenia sordida sp. nov. 

? . Head and antennae dirty brownish white ; thorax and abdomen slate-grey, 

anal tnft large, brownish white. Forewing dirty brownish white, an antemedian 

curved and a postmedian angulated transverse narrow bar dull liver-brown. 

Hiudwing pale mouse-grey. 

Length of forewing : 12 5 mm. 

Hab. Gunong Ijau, Malay Peninsula. 

115. Padenodes bizone sp. nov. 

cJ. Antennae brown ; head and thorax snow-white, apical half of patagia and 
large patch on thorax pale liver-brown ; abdomen wood-brown. Forewing snow- 
white ; .median and subapical obli([ne transverse bands golden bronze, the median 
very wide on inner margin, narrowing suddenly at median fold. Hindwing snow- 
white, with outer margin brownish mouse-grey. 

Length of forewing : 8-5 — 9"5 mm. 

Hab. Haidana, Colliugwood Bay, British New Guinea, April 1907 (A. S. 
Meek). 

110. Padenodes violinitens sji. nov. 

cJ. Antennae brown ; head and thorax snow-white, central three-fifths of 

patagia and hind part of thorax coppery brown ; abdomen black-brown. 

Forewing, basal two-thirds snow-white ; an oblique median transverse band 

and apical third of wing metallic coppery purple, a curved subapical line white. 



( 235 ) 

Hindwing, basal three-fourths snow-white, somewhat seinihyaline, rest sooty 

grey. 

' Length of forewing : 8 mm. 

H/rb. Kamusi River, N.E. British New Guinea, May 1907 (A. S. Meek). 

117. Padenodes unifascia sp. nov. 

c?. Antennae brown ; head snow-white ; thorax pale maroon chestnut ; tegnlae, 

basal half of patagia, and front of thorax snow-wliite ; abdomen buff. Forewing 

snow-white; costa yellow; obli([ne median band, a spot below cell, and terminal 
margin above vein 1 maroon chestnut. Hindwing bnff. 

Length of forewing : 10-.5 — Ho mm. 

Ha'/. Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, 5000 ft., April 1906 
(A. S. Meek). 

1 1 >i. Padenodes plagosus sp. nov. 

c?. Antennae dark brown ; head frons bnff ; vertex snow-white; tliorax olive- 
grey; tegnlae and basal half of patagia snow-white; abdomen bnff. Forewing 

creamy white ; costa yellow, basal half edged with black ; two aatemedian patches 
and one on termen olive-grey ; a )iostmedian indistinct transverse cloudlike band 
brownish grey. Hindwing bnff. 

Length of forewing : 10 mm. 

Hub. Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, 500O ft., March 1906 
(A. S. Meek). 

119. Padenodes bifasciatus sp. nov. 

<S. Antennae pale brown ; head and thorax snow-white ; basal half of patagia 
and centre of thorax metallic bronzy golden; abdomen greyish white; ana! tuft 
bnff. Forewing snow-white ; an oblique antemedian transverse band and a post- 
median oblique waved band metallic bronze golden. Hindwing creamy white. 

Length of forewing : 12'5 mm. 

Huh. Upper Aroa River, British New Guinea, January 1903 (A. S. Meek). 

l"-0. Macaduma fuliginosa sji. nov. 
?. Entirely fuliginous black-brown, an indication of a rufons line round apex. 
The costa of forewing much arched and apex excised. 
Length of forewing: 9'5 mm. 
Hab. Knmusi River, N.E. British New Guinea, July 1907 (A. S. Meek). 

121. Macaduma foliacea sp. nov. 

S. Antennae brown; head and thorax chestnut ; abdomen sooty grey ; anal 
tuft yellowish. Forewing resembling dead oak-leaf chestnut ; a broad post- 
median transverse band and a wedge-shaped terminal band darker, more dusky ; 

between these bands the wing is more yellowish chestnut. Forewing abruptly 

truncated on outer tliird, and a lobe on middle of termen. Hindwing, basal half 

cinnamon grey, outer half sooty grey. 

? has forewing almost uniform chestnut. 

Length of forewing: \>'ri mm. 

Hab. Mount Goliath, (!entral Dutch New (luinea, 5000 ft., March 1911 
(A. S. Meek) ; Knmusi River, N.E. British New Guinea, August 1907 (A. S. Meek) 
(type). 



( 236 ) 

122. Macaduma pallicosta sp. nov. 

(J. Head and antennae dark cinnamon ; tliorax chocolate-brown ; abdomen 

wood-brown. Forewing, basal two-thirds chocolate-brown ; apical third cinnamon 

mero-in" into the chocolate of the basal portion ; basal half of costal area above 
median vein cinnamon with rnfons dot ; apical half has costal edge paler cinnamon. 

Hindwing mouse-grey; basal three-fonrths of costal and abdominal areas 

whitish. 

Length of forewing : 1 1 mm. 

Ilab. Mackay, Queensland. 

123. Macaduma rufocostalis rufocostalis subsp. nov. 
J. Head, antennae, and thorax cinnamon chestnut; abdomen brownish mouse- 

grev. Forewing cinnamon cliestnnt with rnfons chestnut costal border; a minute 

sooty grey spot in centre of wing. Hindwing mouse-grey; costal area yellowish 

grey. 

Length of forewing : 9 mm. 

Hah. Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, oUOO ft., March 190G 
(A. S. Meek). 

124. Macaduma rufocostalis reducta subsp. nov. 

S. Differs from ;•. rufocostalis by the rufous costal margin being present only 
on the apical third of wing, in the more greyish tinge of the forewing, and iu the 
uniform brown of thorax and abdomen. 

Hub. Fergussou Island, D'Eutrecasteanx Islands. November 1894 (A. S. 

Meek). 

125. Macaduma tortricoides sp. nov. 

S. Antennae brown ; head, thorax, and abdomen maroon brown. Forewing' 

maroon brown with scattered patches of metallic pale blue and pearl scales ; apex 

more rufous, a.large buffy yellow discal patch from costa to vein 4. Hindwing 

orange golden edged with black-brown. 

Length of Ibrewing : 12 mm. 

Ilab. Upjier Setekwa River, Snow Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, 2000— 
300U ft., August 191U (A. S. Meek). 

120. Macaduma castanea sp. nov. 

J. Antennae brown ; head and thorax brownish chestnut; abdomen wood- 
grey ; anal tuft chestnut. Forewing cinnamon chestnut ; basal half washed 

with grey, and with a zigzag transverse fnscous line from median vein to inner 
margin. Hindwing yellowish gre}'. 

Length of forewing : 12 mm. 

Ilab. Kuranda, Cairns, Queensland (P. F. Do.ld). 

127. Macaduma castaneofusca sp. nov. 
(J. Head, antennae, and thorax chocolate-brown ; abdomen yellowish fuscous 

grey. Forewing greyish chocolate-brown densely clouded with darker chocolate^ 

a chocolate angled line running from costal elbow to apex. Hindwing brownish 

cream tinged with grey. 



( 237 ) 

Length of forewing : 

Hab. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guiuea, 5000 — 7000 ft, January 
1911 (A. S. Meek), 

128. Macaduma rufoumbrata riifoumbrata subsp. nov. 

i, Autennae j'ellowish brown ; head and thorax bright chocolate ; abdomen 

wood-brown. Forewing mauve-chocolate ; an oblique transverse antemedian 

deep chocolate bar, a white dot in cell, a zigzag carved postmedian deep chocolate 
transverse line, an indistinct transverse subterminal carved bar and a terminal line 
from apex to vein 4. Hindwing rnfescent yellow-grey. 

? variable : three forms, one entirely chocolate-brown with dusky mouse- 
grey hindwing ; a second yellowish chestnut, showing traces of postmedian line, 
hindwing yellow-grey ; and the third chestnut-grey, forewing below vein 1 and 
outer third of wing dark chocolate, tiie bars and lines as in S, but more faint 
and indistinct, two grey dots and a black one in cell and much silver-grey scaling 

and clouding in outer third of wing. Hindwing greyish cream washed with 

rufous. 

Length of forewing: i 14 ram., ? 17 mm. 

Hab. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, 5000 — 7000 ft., January 
1911 (A. S. Meek). 

129. Macaduma rufoumbrata indistincta subsp. nov. 

cJ. Ditfers from r. rufoumbrata in its generally smaller size and more indistinct 
and obsolete markings. 

? much more irrorated with grey. 

Ilab. Angabunga River, affluent of St. Joseph's River, British New Guinea, 
6000—6500 ft., November 1904— February 1905 (A. S. Meek). 

130. Macaduma castaneogriseata pp. nov. 

? . Antennae brown ; head and thorax rufous chocolate irrorated with bluish 

scales ; abdomen greyish wood-brown. Forewing rufous chocolate densely 

irrorated with bluish .scales ; an antemedian irregular transverse line, two post- 
discal transverse parallel lines, and an indistinct subterminal line chestnut rufous. 
Hindwing yellowish grey tinged with maave. 

Length of forewing : 17 mm. 

Hab. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, 5000—7000 ft., January 
1911 (A. S. Meek). 

131. Macaduma quercifolia sp. nov. 

(J. Head aud antennae yellowish rufous cinnamon ; thorax purplish cinnamon- 
brown ; abdomen yellowish buft'-brown. Forewing with costa produced in hairy 

lobe beyond cell and a lobe on termen cinnamon-brown ; two darker oblique 
transverse lines run obliquely from inner margin, joiuing at base of hairy costal 
lobe. Hindwing buff. 

Length of forewing : 10 mm. 

Hab. Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, March 1906 (A. S. Meek). 



( 238 ) 

n'i. Macaduma lichenia sji. nov. 

S. Antennae brown ; head white ; thnrax deep maroon irrorated with white, 

tegnlae and patagia white densely freckled with black scales. -Forewing 

resembles lielien-covercd bark, excised below apex, costa concave on basal two- 
thirds, reddish cinnamoa-browu irrorated with white-grey and maroon, more or 

less distinct ante- and postraedian transverse bands, basal fonrth almost white. 

Hindwing, basal half greyish Imff, enter half pale greyish cinnamon-brown. 

S larger: difft-rs by strongly convex basal two-thirds of costa, which is deeply 
concave on onter third ; ba^al lialf wood-brown irrorated with pale and dark 
markings, outer half brownish white, a large dark apical patch and one liglit 

zigzag transverse line and one dark one. Hindwing dark monse-grey ; thorax 

dark brown ; abdomen sooty monse-grey. 

Length of forewing : (S O-o mm., ? 11 mm. 

Ifab. Biagi, Jlambare River, British New Guinea, SniiO ft., February 1906 
(A. 8. Meek). 

133. Byrsia latiplaga latiplaga snbsji. nov. 

?. Head, antennae, tliorax, and abdomen black. Forewing black, a large 

orange patch occupying the whole basal half of wing except basal seventh 
and costal area ; a large orange rufous wedge-shaped patch in outer half of 

wing running from subcosta to tornus obliquely where it is narrowest. 

Hindwing orange with a broad snoty black border and a broad sooty brown 
abdominal border. 

(? similar, bnt has tlie orange patch on forewing much smaller, and the margin 
of hindwing excised between tornus and vein 3. One S has the orange patches 
on both wings reduced to one-third the size, and the rufous wedge in forewing 
very dark. I propose to call this ab. rrdiicta ab. nov. 

Length of forewing : S 12 mm., ? 14 mm. 

Hab. NearOetakwa River, Snow Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, up to 3500 ft. 
October — December 1910 ; Biagi, Mambare River, 5000 ft., British New Guinea, 
February 1906 (A. S. Meek). (Type ? .) 

134. Byrsia latiplaga pallidior subsp. nov. 

c?. Differs from I. lati/ilaga in having the orange patches yellow and the costal 
half of that one on hindwing huffish cream. 

Hab. Ninay Valley, Central Arfak Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, 3500 ft., 
February and March lOiili (A. E. Pratt). 

135. Neoscaptia fascionitens sp. nov. 

S. Antennae sooty brown-l>lack ; head, thorax, and abdomen deep steel- 
green blue, anal tuft sooty brown. Forewing, basal fifth deep steel-green bine, 

rest of basal half of wing snow-white without black transverse margin, a post- 
median steel-green blue broad transverse band edged with black followed by a 
large maroon-red patch, a subterminal bright steel-bine band, narrow terminal 

band and fringe black. Hindwing, basal half semihyaline snow-white ; tornal 

and abdominal areas and outer half dull black. 

Length of forewing : 10 mm. 

Huh. Biagi, Mambare River, 5000 ft., British New (ininea, February 1906 
(A. S. Meek). 



( 239 ) 

136. Neoscaptia affinis sp. nov. 

c?. Very similar to preceding species. 

Diflfers in Laving snow-white tegnlae, and in the chestnut colour iu forewing 
occnpying the entire apical three-fifths, with quite narrow edging on inner side, and 
on termen of steel-blue and black ; not being mere]\- a large patcli in a steel-blue 
area. ■ 

llah. Biagi, Marabare liiver, 5(j()iJ ft., British New Guinea, February 19u6 
(A. S. Meek). 

137. Neoscaptia flavicaput sp. nov. 

c?. Antennae rufous; liead dark sulphur-yellow; thorax and abdomen dark 

brown, tegnlae dark sulphur-yellow. Forewing rufous chestnut, strongly glossed 

with bine and purple ; a large dark sulphur-yellow blotch on basal three-fifths 
of wing, reaching from subcostal vein to inner margin, a large scent-organ of long 
hairs on middle of costa. Hindwing very hairy, sooty-brown, a large wedge- 
shaped yellow patch occnpyiu'g costal half of basal two-thirds of wing. 

Length of forewing : S mm. 

Hab. Kumnsi River, N.E. British New Guinea, Blay 1907 (A. S. Meek). 

138. Neoscaptia apicipuncta sp. nov. 

c?. Head and thorax steel-blue green ; antennae and abdomen sooty black, 

anal tuft yellowish grey. Forewing bright steel-green ; a suow-white oblique 

antemedian wedge-shaped transverse band narrowest at costa, a postmedian large 

maroon-red patch, beyond which is a round white spot. Hindwing : basal half 

snow-white, abdominal area and outer half dull black. 

Length of forewing : 12 mm. 

Hal). Biagi, Mambare River, 5U0U ft., British New Guinea, March 1906 (A. S. 
Meek). 

139. Neoscaptia bimaculata sp. nov. 

? . Head and thorax steel-green, antennae black, abdomen black, anal tuft 
greyish bulf. Forewing steel-green blue ; a large irregular blotch-like trans- 
verse antemedian band white, a patch beyond cell white, a large maroon-red 
postmedian patch, and a white terminal spot between veins 3 and 4. Hind- 
wing black, basal two-fifths, except abdominal and tornal margins, semihyaline 
snow-white. 

Length of forewing : 13 mm. 

Ilab. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, 5000 — 7000 ft., February 
1911 (A. S. Meek). 

140. Neoscaptia androconiata sp. nov. 

i . This most extraordinary species has on the costal area an enormous scent- 
organ of androconia and bristles black and sandy, and another on the hindwing. 
Antennae dark brown ; head and thorax dull steel-green ; abdomen glossy black, 

anal tuft brown-grey. Forewing : basal tsvo-fiftlis sooty-black with scattered 

steel-green scales, a large snow-white patch on median nervure, outer three-fifths 
rnfons chestnut glossed with copper, outer and costal margins coppery purple, inner 

margin below vein 1 sooty black. Hindwing : basal half white, outer half sooty 

black with median patch of coppery-purple scales. 



(240) 

Length of forewing : 12-5 mm. 

llab. Near Oetakwu Iliver, Suow Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, up to 3500 ft., 
October— December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

141. Neoscaptia cupreonitens sp. no v. 

?. Head and thora.x steel-green, antennae brown, basal two-thirds of jiatasia 

white; abdomen deep black, anal tuft white. Forewing: basal third metallic 

bright steel-green, a white spot on subcostal nervnre and a smaller one above 
vein 1, outer two-thirds metallic coppery red glossed with blue on basal half, 

costal and terminal edges black. Hindwing: basal half snow-white; outer half, 

abdominal and tornal areas deep black. 

Length of forewing : 13-5 mm. 

Hab. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, 5UUU — TOuO ft., Februar\' 
1911 (A. S. Meek). 

142. Neoscaptia albicoUis sp. nov. 

(J. Head steel-green, antennae brown ; thorax steel-green, tegulae snow-white, 

abdomen black, anal tuft cream-white. -Forewing : basal fiftli bright steel-blue 

concave on outside, a wide irregular white patch-like transverse antemedian band 
snow-white, a median band of deep brilliant steel-blue, onter half of wing copper}- 
crimson-maroon edged with black. Hindwing : basal half semihyaline snow- 
white, tornal area and outer half black. 

?. Duller, white on forewing re])laced by whitish cream, steel-blue replaced 
by black, outer half of forewing dark chestnut. 

Length of forewing : S H mm., ? 12 min. 

Hab. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, 5000 — 7000 ft., February 
1911 (A. S. Meek). 

143. neoscaptia basinitens sp. nov. 

?. Head and thora.K black glossed with dull steel-green, antennae black, 
tegulae white; abdomen black, anal tuft greyish buff. Forewing: basal two- 
fifths bright steel-green blue, outer three-fifths coppery chestnut edged with black. 
Hindwing : basal half white, outer half dull black. 

Length of forewing : 11-5 mm. 

llab. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, .^OOO— TOGO ft., February 
1911 (A. S. Meek). 

144. Scaptosyle plumosus sp. nov. 

3. Head and antennae black; thorax black, tegulae and basal half of patagia 

golden yellow ; abdomen black, anal tuft yellowish grey. Forewing : base black, 

basal two-thirds of wing golden yellow followed by an indented black transverse 

band, outer third maroon chestnut edged with black. Hindwing golden yellow, 

apex from costa to vein 3 black. 

9 . Differs in the forewing in having the black band and margins wider and 
the chestnut darker and duller. On the hindwing tlie black forms the outer third 
of wing, narrowing to tornus. A huge cushion-like anal tuft. 

Length of forewing : c? 13-5 mm. ; ? 14-5 mm. 

llab. Kina Balu, North Borneo (J. Waterstradt). 



(241 ) 

145. Scaptosyle bicolor sp. nov. 

?. Head and antennae black; thorax dark orange-buff; abdomen dull black. 

-Forewiiig : basal three-fifths dark orange-buff, outer two-fifths black. 



Hindwing dark orange-buff, widely bordered with black. 
Length of forewing: 115 mm. 
llab, Padang Reugas, Malay Peninsula. 

146. Caprimima bipuncta sp. nov. 

?. Head and thora.K dark oily steel-green, antennae black-brown; abdomen 

black, anal tuft mouse-grey. Forewing dark oily steel-green, a large square 

median snow-white patch below median vein reaching to inner margin, the inner 
corner jnst going into cell ; a large dark maroon-chestnut patch in outer third 

of wing with a large white spot on each side of it. Hindwing black, a large 

oval semihyaline white patch occupying three-fourths of basal half. 

Length of forewing : 14 mm. 

Ilab. Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, 50U0 ft., February 1906 
(A. S. Meek). 

147. Caprimima germana sp. nov. 

¥. Closely allied to j^receding species, but forewing longer, narrower, and 
more pointed, and hindwing less round, more drawn out at tornus. Head, antennae, 
thorax, basal sixth of forewing, abdomen, and anal tuft deep black, with oily 

steel-green gloss. Forewing : basal two-fifths except base snow-white, outer 

three-fifths black almost filled up by a large dark maroon-chestnut patch, a white 

spot at end of cell and a white subterminal dot on vein 5. Hindwing : basal 

two-thirds snow-white, abdominal and tornal areas and outer third black. 

Length of forewing : 13-5 mm. 

Ilab. Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, 6000 ft., February 1906 
(A. S. Meek). 

148. Caprimima coeruleomarginata sp. nov. 

?. Head, antennae, thorax, and abdomen black. Forewing: basal third 

steel-green washed with blue on outer part and crossed by a wide snow-white band ; 

outer two-thirds maroon chestnut margined with dark metallic blue. Hindwing 

black, a large oval white patch occupies outer half of basal two-fifths of wing. 

Length of forewing : 12 mm. 

Hab. Near Oetakwa River, Snow Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, up to 3500 ft., 
October— December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

149. Caprimima imitatrix sp. nov. 

?. Very pnzzlingly close to preceding species. Head and thorax oily steel- 
green, antennae black, tegulae white ; abdomen black, anal tuft yellowish grey.- 



Forewing : basal two-fifths oily steel-green with broad white transverse band, 

outer three-fifths rufous chestnut margined with black. Hindwing deep black 

with large white patch in basal two-fifths. 

Length of forewing : 13 mm. 

Hab. Near Oetawka River, Snow Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, up to 3500 ft., 
October— December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 



( ~'42 ) 

150. Caprimima unipunctata spec. nov. 

?. Head ,and thorax steel-blne green, antennae black, tegnlae white ; abdomen 

black. Forewing: basal two-fifths snow-white broadly margined at base and 

enter side with steel-blue green, apical three-fifths maroon chestnut edged with 

dark bine and with white subajiical spot. Hindwing : basal two-thirds obliquel.v 

snow-white, abdominal and terminal border.s and apical third black. 

Length of forewing : 11 mm. 

Ilab. Biagi, Marabare River, British New Guinea, 5iJU0 ft., Febrnarv 1006 
(A. S. Meek). 

1 •■">!. Caprimima peraffinis sj). nov. 

? . Very similar to unipunctata, bnt larger, and lacks snbapical spot. Head 
and thorax deep steel-blue, antennae black, base of j)atagia white ; abdomen black 

witli a few grey hairs in anal tnft. Forewing : basal half snow-white broadly 

margini^'d at base with steel-blne and outwardly narrowly with black ; outer half 
chestnut edged with black. Hindwing : median two-thirds somewhat wedge- 
shaped, snow-white, rest black ; fringe between veins 1 and 3 grey. 

Length of forewing : 13 ram. 

Ilab. Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, oOOO ft., February 19UG 
(A. S. Meek). 

152. Caprimima postexpansa sp. nov. 

?. This extraordinary species, though like many others in colour, has the 
hindwings expanded so ranch as to l)e larger than the forewings ; the strange aspect 
is heightened by the fact that the hindwings are strongly rounded. Head and 
thorax oily steel-green, antennae black ; abdomen black. Forewing : basal two- 
fifths snow-white, except a waved outer transverse baud outside the white and 
basal seventh, which are oily steel-green ; outer three-fifths of wing maroon 

chestnut edged with black. Hindwing black, a broad oblique transverse band 

beyond vein 1 reaching from cosla almost to termen snow-white. 

Length of forewing : ll'o mm. 

Hah. Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, 5000 ft., February 1006 
(A. S. Meek). 

153. Caprimima fuliginosa sp. nov. 

? . Head, antennae, thorax, and abdoraen black, anal tuft bufFy grev-white. 

Forewing black ; a broad antemedian ill-defined band white, a 2)ostmedian band 
6-5 mm. wide maruon chestnut ; the edges of both bands much powdered with 

black scales giving a sooty appearance. Hindwing black, a white wedge-shaped 

patch in basal half of wing reaching from costa two-thirds across the wing towards 
tornus ; a maroon-chestnut patch ranch powdered with black near apex. 

Length of forewing : 15 mm. 

Hab. Near Oetakwa River, Snow Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, up to 3500 ft., 
October— December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

154. Caprimima marginipuncta sp. nov. 

?. Head, antennae, thorax, and abdoraen sooty brown-black. Forewing: 

basal two-fifths brown-black almost entirely covered by a large semihyaliue snow- 



( 243 ) 

white patch reaching from costa to vein 1 ; a wedge of chestnut snrronnded by 
black rnns into the white at apex of cell ; onter three-fifths chestnut edged with 

brown-black, a white terminal spot on vein 3. Hindwing : basal half obliquely 

semihyaline white ; abdominal and tornal regions and outer half black, a dark 
chestnut spot at tornus. 

Length of forewing : 18 mm. 

Hab. Near Oetakwa River, Snow Mountains, Dutch New Guinea, up to 3500 ft., 
October— December 1910 (A. S. Meek). 

155. Caprimima postvitrea sp. uov. 

<J. Head and antennae black ; thora.x: black, tegulae orange-golden yellow ; 

abdomen black, anal tuft white. Forewing: basal two-fifths orange-golden 

yellow except basal seventh, which is black ; outer three-fifths black, almost 

covered by a postmedian large dark maroon-chestnut patch. -Hindwing: basal 

half hyaline yellow, abdominal margin and onter half sooty black. 

Length of forewing : 12 nam. 

Hab. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, 5000—7000 ft., February 
1911 (A. S. Meek). 

15G. Caprimima postnigra sp. uov. 

(J. Head and antennae black; thorax black, tegulae golden yellow ; abdomen 

black, anal tuft dark grey. Forewing : basal half golden-yellow with basal 

seventh black ; outer half black, almost covered by a large postmedian chestnut 
patch. Hindwings sooty black with traces of au apical chestnut spot. 

¥ larger ; differs by the tegulae being black with golden-yellow dot, and the 
presence of an orange-golden patch in cell of hindwing. 

Length of forewing : (? 11 mm., ? 15 mm. 

Hab. Mount Goliath, Central Dutch New Guinea, 5000—7000 ft., February 
1911 (A. S. Meek). 

157. Caprimima coerulescens occidentalis subsp. no v. 

Differs from c. coeridcscens in the much wider golden b.ands on both wings. 
Had. Rendova, Solomon Islands, February 1904 (A. S. Meek). 

158. Caprimima coerulescens insignis subsp. nov. 

Larger and brighter ; diff'ers from the other races of coerulescens in the much 
greater extent of yellow ; in the hindwing it occupies three-quarters of wing, the 
whole apical quarter of forewing being black. 

Hab. Vella Lavella, Solomon Islands, March 1908 (A. S. Meek). 

159. Caprimima pseudogelida sp. nov. 

? . Differs at first sight from t/el/t/a in its much shorter and rounded wings ; 
steel-bine tegulae with white dot, white median band of forewing extending beyond 
subcostal nervure, and the white band of forewing smaller and only reaching to fold 
above vein 1. 

Length of forewing : 14-5 mm. 

Hab. Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, 5iMJ0ft., April 1900 (A. S. 
Meek). 



(244) 

100. Caprimima aurantiomarginata sp. nov. 

cJ. Head, frous, and antenuae rufous oranj^'e, vertex liver-brown glossed with 
pnrple ; thorax liver-brown strongly glossed with pnrple ; abdomen brown, anal 

tuft large and wide, centre grev, sides dark brown. Forewing witli eosta 

strongly arched, liver-brown strongly glossed and washed with reddish-purple, 

costal and terminal margins broadly bright reddish orange. Hindwiug brownish 

wood-grey. 

Length of forewing : 9-5 mm. 

Ilah. Arawa, Bougainville, Decambar 19U7 ; Buin, Bougainville, Januarv 
1908; Isabel Island, June 1899— July 1900; Solomon Islands (A. S. Meek). 
(Type, Arawa.) 

161. Utriculifera varieg'ata sp. nov. 

S. Head wood-grey ; antenuae serrated rufoui brown ; bladder neir base black, 
flattened and hollowed out with serrated edges ; thorax yellowish pale wood- 
brown ; abdomen ash-grey, last two segments and anal tnft pale wood-brown. 

Forewing: basal third obliquely cream-butf, at outer corner on inner margin 

a brown lunule, and above median fold an orange spot; outer two-thirds huffish 
jiale wood-brown saturated with dark brown, a costal and terminal row of brown- 
black spots, a zigzag oblique whitish line beyond middle, inner margin strongly 

convex. Hindwing: basal third greyish white, outer two-thirds wood-brown, a 

longitudinal buff b uid runs from termen along vein 4 to middle of cell. 

Length of for. wing : 10 — \\'^ mm. 

Ilab. Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, 5000 ft., March 1906 (A. S. 
Meek). 

162. Utriculifera utricularia sp. nov. 

<?. Head pale wood-brown ; antennae much less serrate than in preceding 
species, the bladder is so deeply serrated, however, that it appears to be divided 

np into a number of lamellae ; abdomen ash-grey, anal tuft huffish yellow. 

Forewing : basal half obliquely inwards pale huffish wood-brown, with three brown 
marks on eosta, the centre one running obliquely across cell, and a number of 
indistinct brown dots and scalings ; outer half buff with a few brown dots and 
.suffusions of scales. Hindwing brownish buff. 

Length of forewing : 9o mm. 

Hab. Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, 5000 ft., April 1900 (A. S. 
Meek). 

163. Stictosia pallidimaculata sj). nov. 

S. Head creamy ; antennae brownish yellow ; thorax and abdomen yellowish 
bnff, anal tnft very large and darker. Forewing wood-brown, base, two wedge- 
shaped marks on eosta and an oblique median band more or less interrupted 

pale cream-bnff. Hind>ving greyish buff, a broad wood-brown terminal band 

from apex to vein 1, fringe buff. 

Length of forewing : 95 mm. 

Hab. Biagi, Mambare River, British New Guinea, 5000 ft., January 1900 (A. S. 
Meek). 



( 246 ) 

104. Stictosia variegata sp. nov. 

(3. Head, antennae, and thorax yellow, tips of patagia and hind part of thorax 

reddish mauve ; abdomen greyish buff. Forewing golden yellow ; au oblong 

basal blotch below median vein, au irregular broad oblique median band, and a 
postmedian broad blotch-like band reddish mauve sprinkled sparsely with yellow 
scales. Hiudwing cream-bnflF. 

Length of forewing : 9 mm. 

Hab. Biagi, Mambare River, British New Gaiuea, 5000 ft., March 1906 (A. S. 
Meek). 

1(3.3. Chionaema aurantiipuncta sp. nov. 

d. Antennae rufons ; head and thorax white marked with rufous orange ; 
abdomen above basal three segments white, rest orange-brick. — Forewing white, 
asubbasal baud of rufous orange, an obli(iue antemediaii line from median vein to 
inner margin, a spot on costa and three in cell, a postmedian band and a 

subterminal band rufous orange. Hindwing salmon-piuk, fringe and apex 

white. 

Length of forewing-: 1.") — 17 ram. 

Hal). Sapit, Lombok, -MW) ft,. May and June lb96 (IL Frnlistorfer). 

166. Chionaema distincta sp. uov. 

?. Head and thorax white, antennae pale brown, tegulae and patagia with 

crimson bands, abdomen salmon-pink. Forewing snow-white ; a subbasal, 

antemedian, and postmedian band crimson-scarlet, a subterminal band paler 

scarlet, three black spots in cell and on discocellnlars. -Hindwing rose-colour, 

fringe, apex, and costal area white. 

Length of forewing : 2.5 mm. 

Bab. East Pegu, Burma, 4000— .5000 ft., March— April 1890 (W. Doherty). 

167. Chionaema fasciatella sp. nov. 

<?. Antennae iufous ; head white, thorax white ; tegulae and apical half of 

patagia brick-rod ; abdomen, basal half grey, apical half rusty orange. Forewing 

white, a subbasal band, a median and a postmedian band and apical fifth of wing 
brick-red ; on inner side of median and outer side of postmedian band is a black 
line, and a trace of one on outside of subbasal band ; a black stigma and a 
large scent-organ on costal area beyond median band. Hindwing salmon- 
colour. 

? larger, and the second band more antemedian ; scent-organ absent. 

Length of forewing : c? 19 mm., ? 20 — 24 mm. 

Hab. Dongala, north of Palos Bay, Celebes, September — October 1896 (W. 
Doherty); Tondano, North Celebes, September — -October 1899; Bonthain Peak, 
South Celebes (H. Frnhstorfer). 

168. Chionaema rufistigma sp. nov. 

? . Head white ; thorax white, tegulae and patagia with brick-red bands ; 
abdomen rusty orange. Forewing white ; a subbasal, au antemedian and post- 



(246 ) 

median band and a terminal band brick-red; a pale brick-red spot and a darker 
stigma in cell. Hiudwing yellowish salmon. 

Length of forewing : 17 mm. 

Ilab. Monnt Marapok, Dent Province, British North Borneo. 

169. Chionaema flavalba sp. nov. 

i. Antennae brown; head and thorax white, tegnlae and patagia banded 
■with yellow; abdomen pale grey (injnred). Forewing white ; a snbbasal, ante- 
median and median baud yellow ; costal margin beyond postmedian band and 

terminal margin also yellow ; two black sjiots, one in and one beyond cell. 

Hiudwiug white. 

Length of forewing: 10 mm. 

Hab. Government Hill, Penang, 1 000 ft., I'J— 24 May 1898 (Curtis). 

17i). Chionaema nififrons sp. nov. 

(?. Antennae rnfons ; head, frons scarlet, vertex white; thorax and abdomen 

white. Forewing white ; a large scent-organ on costa ; basal half of costal edge 

pale scarlet. Hindwing white. 

Length of forewing : 15 mm. 

Hab. St. Thome Island, West Africa, October— November 1899 (Mocquerys). 

171. Chionaema aurantiorufa aurantionifa snbsp. nov. 

tJ. Antennae, head, thorax, and abdomen bnfty orange, tegnlae and patagia 

edged with brick-red. Forewing ])ale bnffish orange, a subbasal, antemedian and 

postmedian band salmon-colonr. a black line inside antemedian and outside post- 
median band ; wing be)'ond postmedian band flushed with pink ; a black spot in 
cell and two on discocellnlars. Hindwing dark salmon-rose. 

Length of forewing : 16 mm. 

Hab. Batang Proepoe, Padang Bovenlanden, Sumatra, 1500 ft., November- 
December 1896 (L. Z. Kannegieter). 

172. Chionaema aurantiorufa niasana subsp. nov. 

(J ? . Forewing more uaukeen yellow ; ante- and postmedian bands black with 
hardly a trace of red ; only two black spots in ? . 

Length of forewing: ? 21 mm., S 17-5 mm. 

Hab. Hili Madjedja, North Nias, September— December 1895 (L. Z. 
Kannegieter). 

(Tu he continued,) 



( 247 ) 



DESCRIPTIONS D'ESPECES ET VARIETES NOUVELLES DE 
COCCINELLIDES DU BRITISH MUSEUM. 

Par le DOCTEUR SICARD, Medecin Major. 



1. Solanophila chirindica spec. nov. 

Sabcordiforinis, convexa, pube grisea, parce vestita, rafa, elytris nigris maculis 
septera (2.2.2. 1 ordinatis) notatis, j)edibns rnfis. 

Loug. : O" 008—0'" 0085. 

Snbcordiforme, laisante, joiisse !i olytres fonc^s taches de janne. Tete d'un 
ronx brunatre, palpes de meme conlenr avec le dernier article rembriini. Antennas 
ronsses, avec las deux derniers articles de la massne legferement rembrunis. 
Corselet a cotes arrondis, en arc de cercle large a la base, a peine tromine an devant 
da I'ecnsson, d'un ronge brunatre assez clair, k ponctnation fine, superlicielle et 
dense, et &, pubescence grisatre, assez longue at clairsamte, avec les angles ant^rieurs 
arrondis, les posterieurs indistincts, les cotis leg^rement releves. Ecusson ronx, 
triangnlaire. Elytres plus larges (jue le corselet ii la base, arrondis aux epaules 
avec un rebord tres etroit, visible seulemcnt vers le milieu, ayant vers le tiers 
ant^rieur leur plus grande largeur, regulifcrement arrondis jusqu'ii I'extr^mite ; 
ponctuation fine et snperficialle avec des points enfonc^s a peine plus gros et 
clairsemSs, et de tres gros points enfonc(5s le long du bord lateral. Dessus luisant, 
k pubescence fine, assez longue et pen dense, ne masqnant pas la coulenr Ibnciere ; 
noirs k sept taches d'un janne d'ocre ; tache 1 pr6s de la base en ovale court, 
s'eloignant de la suture d'avant en arriere, convrant le tiers interne de la base at 
la sixifeme de la longueur ; 2 en ovale oblique en dehors, attenu^e en avant, couvrant 
le calus a sa partie interne, limiti^e en dehors par la partie forteinent ponctaee et 
aussi longuement prolongee en arriere que la tache 1 ; 3 et 4 au tiers antiirienr; 
3 transversale, rdniforme, couvrant le tiers da la largeur environ, plus rapprochee de 
la suture que la tache 1 ; 4 en forme de courte bande un peu oblique en arriere et 
en dedans, de meme largeur et de meme longueur que la prdcedente, egalement 
eloignee de celle-ci et du bord lateral ; taches •) et 6 aux denx tiers : o u la meme 
distance de la suture que 3, obliqne, en avant et en dehors ; 6 nn pen pins etroite, 
en forme de courte bande obliijue en sens inverse, en arrifere de 4, de meme largeur 
mais un peu plus courte at dirigee autrernent ; 7 en ovale irregulier, oblique, en 
avaut de Tangle apical, aussi ^loignee de la suture que du bord externe, moins 
rapprochee de I'extremite. 

Dessous d'un roux brunatre clair avec les epipleures des elytres largement 
bord^as de noir ; plaqnes abdominales en ogive arrondie atteignant au-delJi des trois 
quarts do I'arcean. 

Pieds roux. 

Chirinda, Mashonaland. 

La conlenr du corps, la forme des taches des elytres et celle des plaques 
abdominales distinguent nettement cette espfece de tontes les autres. 

17 



(248 ) 

2. Solanophila ardosiaca spec. nov. 

Snbcortlata, piibe grisea loiiiia dense vestita, nigra, elytris maculis septem 
(2.2.2.1 positis) notatis. Siibtus cnui pedibus nigra; epipleuris elytrorum fulvis, 
nigro luarginatis. 

Long.: U-' 0065— U'» OUT. 

Cordiforiue, noire, couverte d'uue pubescence grisatre assez lougne et dense 
qui masque la coulenr fonciere, en laissaut aiitonr des taches nne partie deundee 
qui parait ainsi les entonrer d'ua cercle noir. Tete noire avec la partie anterieure 
dii labre brunatre ; palpes d'un brua noir ; antennas rousses avec le premier article 
et la massue rembrunis. Corselet beaucoup plus etroit que les eljtres, forteraent 
nrrondi snr les c6t6s avec les angles post(5rieiirs obtus et bien marques, la base en 
ogive tronque'e an devatit de Tecusson, les angles auterieurs arrondis, les bords uu 
pen relev6s ; la [)oactnation fine et dense ; d'un noir profoud, a pubescence grise 
dirig^e du milieu vers les bords. Ecnsson noir, plus long (jue largo. Elytres 
fortement cordilbrmes, arrondis an.x Spaules, rctrccis en ligne courbe jnsqu'it 
I'extre'mitc, ayaut vers le quart anterieur leur plus grande largenr, sans rebord 
esjilanc, a calus humeral obsolete ; k ponctuation double, les gros points nombreux, 
mais j)eu j>rofonds, avec une serie de deux on trois rangees de tres gros points 
enfonces le long du bord lateral, presque confluents an niveau de I'epaule ; noirs, 
paraissant gris par I'efi'et du duvet, avec sept grosses tacbes jaunes placees snr 
4 raugs : 2.2.2.1, comme dans S. H-signala ; tache 1 arrondie a I't'cusson, couvrant 
le tiers interne de la base de I'elytre et le buitieme de la longueur, laissant un 
mince lis6re noiratre le long de la base et de I'ecusson ; 2 pyriforme, oblique eu 
dehors, atttiuuee en avant, sfiparee de la premiere tache par nn intervalle Sgal aiv 
sixieme de la largenr de la base, Steudue en arriere jusqn'a la meme hauteur, et 
aussi grosse qu'elle a son extr^mit6 posterieure limitiie en dehors par la partie 
rugueusement ponctnee du bord lateral ; 3 et 4 au tiers anterieur ; 3 a la suture, de 
meme forme et de meme taille que 1 ; 4 eu ovale transversal, a la meme distance 
du bord lateral que 2, une fois et demie plus large ([ue longue ; .') arrondie, aux 
deux tiers, de meme forme et de memes dimensions que les denx autres taches 
juxtasuturales 1 et 3, ou nn pen plus grosse; eu arriere de 4, en carre legeremenL 
transversal, uu pen obliquemeut dirigee en avant et en dedans ; 7 aux cinq-sixiemes, 
arrondie, un pju plus pres de la suture que de I'extremite et du bord lateral, uu pen 
plus grosse que 5. 

Uessons noir avec une grosse tache fauve allongee a la partie interne et basale 
des 6pipleures qui sont ainsi claires avec le bord externe et Textremite largemeut, 
noirs. 

Pieds entierement d'un noir profond. Pla(ines abdominales en arc de cercle 
regulier. 

Chirinda, Mashonaland. 

Cctte espece se distingue de S. H-nignata Reiche par sa forme plus elargie 
en avant, ses taches plus grosses, son duvet gris i)lus fonrni. Sa forme et sa 
pubescence rappellent celles de S. triqiietra Weise. II se pourrait que la 
6'. IJf-sigiiata de Mulsaut se rapportat a cette espece, car les exemplaires de 
la collection Reiche sont beaucoup plus clairs comme coloration que ne I'indiqne 
la description de Mulsant, qui semble avoir 6te faite snr un individu de couleur tres 
fouc^e, tandis que les exemplaires d'Abyssiuie sont gencralement brunatres avec le 
vorselet plus clair. 



( 249 ) 

3. Solanophila (?) arrowi spec, no v. 

Subovata, supra, nigra, capite macolisqae septem elytrorum rufis ; subtus nigra, 
femoribiis auticis basi elytroramque epipleuris rnfis ; pedibus nigris ; laminis abdo- 
miualibns hand integris. 

Long. : 0" 008. 

En ovale court, noire a pubescence grisiitre. Tete d'nn roux brunatre clair ; 
antennes rousses avec le premier article et la massue rembruuis ; palpes roux. 
Corselet trfes transversal, plus de deux fois aussi large que long, h peine rdtreci en 
avant, a angles anterieurs largement arroodis, les postdrienrs obtus et bien marquds, 
les c6t6s presque droits du tiers aut(!'rieur:i, la base ; cette derniere siniiee et tronquee 
au devaut de I'l^cusson ; ponctuatiou simple, assez grosse, snperficielle ; pubescence 
grise, longae, pen dense ; ne masquant pas la couleur fonciere noire. Ecnsson noir. 
Elytres un peu plus larges que le corselet h la base, en ligne obliqne k I'Spaule et 
regnlieremeut ovalaires jnsqu'ii I'extremite, avec un rebord tres incline, etroit, 
parallcle, ponctuation tres line, snperficielle et dense, avec quelques gros points 
clairsemes, plus gros et plus denses, mais non confluents, le long du rebord ; noirs b, 
sept taches rousses entour(5es d'nn cercle d(5nude paraissant plus fence, disposees snr 
4 raugs : 2.2.2.1. Tache 1 ponctiforme, de charpie c6t(5 de I'dcusson ; 2 en forme 
de petit trait court etendn da calns humeral a la base ; 3 et 4 au quart anterieur : 
3 arrondie, couvrant un peu moins du quart de la largeur, eloignee de la suture de la 
moitie de son propre diametre, 4 en carre a egale distance du bord lateral, des elytres 
et du bord externe de 3 ; 5 et 6 apres le milieu : 5 an dessons de 3, plus grosse, 
irregnlierement arrondie, 6 en ovale transversal, sa partie interne atteiguant le rebord 
incline ; 7 irregnlierement arrondie, anx cinq sixiemes de la longueur, couvrant jilns 
de la moiti6 de la largeur, egalement distante de la suture et du bord lateral, plus 
iloignde de Textremit^. 

Dessons noir avec la base des femnrs antirieurs rougeatre. Epipieures d'un 
rouge brunatre etroitement bordees de noir en dehors ; plaques abdomiuales incom- 
pletes, la partie interne de la ligne femorale en arc de cercle atteignant presqne le 
bord posterieur de Tarcean, avec lequel elle reste parallele, puis remontant en dehors 
vers le tiers externe jnsqu'au milieu de I'arceau, oil elle devieut indistiucte. 

Chirinda, Mashonaland. 

Get insecte portait snr son etiquette le uom de E. jji-oserpina, mais elle s'eu 
distingue nettement par sa forme ovale, par son corselet non ri'treci, par le nombre 
de ses taches dlytrales. Je le classe avec doute, et par analogic avec les autres 
especes a sept taches, dans le genre Solanophila, les deux exemplaires que j'ai vns 
ayant perdu le dernier article de tons leurs tarses. 

4. Solanophila anricoma spec. uov. 

Breviter ovalis supra nigra, pube anrea densissima vestita ; capite, lateribus 
prothoracis maculisqne novem elytrorum rufis anreopubescentibns ; subtus nigra ; 
prostemo, abdominis apice, tibiis tarsisqne rufescentibus. 

Long. : 0'" 005.5. 

En ovale court, a, pubescence ronsse, ii reflets dores snr les parties fauves, tr6s 
dense et masquant la couleur foncifere. Voisine de 5. duvivieri Weise et peut-fitre 
encore plus de S. hajiigeri Weise qui m'est incounue. Distincte de toutes denx par 
sa pubescence doree et par la presence de quatrc taches laterales aux Elytres. 



( :-'50 ) 

T6to ronsse, i pubescence rl'nn janne dorc; snr le front, presque glabre anterienre- 
ment. Antennes et palpes ronx, extremitt' des mandibnies noire. Corselet d'un 
brnn noir foncu avec les cates largement et gradnelleinent teintes de ronx ; arroudi 
sur les liords avec la base en ogive large et les angles posterieurs pen distincts. 
Ecusson noir en triangle k cotes rnrvilignes. Eiytres tr^s legeremeut plus larges 
que le corselet a la base, avec Tangle humeral arrondi, regnli^rement ovalaires 
jnsqu'ii rextrtJmit^', sans rebnrd lateral distinct, S, calns hnmeral petit, a ponctnatiou 
double, aveo les gros points nombrenx et bien manpu's egalement snr le disqne et 
le bord lateral ; noirs Ji 9 taches d'un janne d'ocre vif, la 7' en arc de cercle, la 
derniere apicale ; pubescence janne avec des reflets dorfis snr les taches ; ces derniferes 
dispos^es de la faron snivante : trois prfes de la base, trois avaut le milien, deux ajjres 
le milien, nne apicale. Tache 1 en carre allonge 6gal k pen pres au sixieme de la 
longueur, deux fois pins long que large ; uu pen plus rapproch(5e de la suture que de 
la base ; 2 nn pen plus courte, ovalaire, nn pen plus rapprochee de la base, attcignaut 
le calns par son bord externe ; 3 en triangle, i\ I'epanle, couple droit en dedans et 
en arriere, aussi longnement prolongee que 1 en arriere, commenc^ant en dedans au 
pivean des angles posterieurs du jjrothorax ; 4 en carre transversal, juste snr le 
disqne, convrant le tiers de la largeur, contigue k 2 par son angle anterc-externe; 
5 au milieu, arrondie, plus ra]iprochee de la suture que 1, atteignant le quart interne 
de la largeur de I't'lytre ; en carrt^ un pen pins long que large, atteignant en arriere 
le milieu dn bord lateral, de meme longueur que la tache li et un pen plus large ; 
tache 7 en arc de cercle large on de C epais, sur I'elj'tre droit, formee d'une partie 
jaxtasuturale en forme de virgule largement liee a uue tache arrondie situde sur le 
disqne apres le milieu ; 8 au bord lateral en carri long, un pen jilus ctroite et pins 
allongee que 6 ; 9 demi-circniaire, petite, dans Tangle apical. 

Dessons noir, avec le prosternnm et Textrt'mite de Tabdomen ronx; plaques 
abdorainales tres aplaties en forme d'U iloiit la branche horizontale serait contigue 
an bord post(5rienr de Tarcean. 

Femurs noirs, tibias et tarses ronx. 

Umtali — un senl exemplaire. 

5. Epilachna lanceolata spec. nov. 

Oblongo ovalis, postice acuminata, nigra, pube grisea subbiliter vestita ; elytris 
rubris, limbo lateral! in medio bidilatato, limbo suturali basi angusto, ante medium 
triangulariter dilatato delude leviter usque ad apicem angustato (apice ipso dilatato) 
nigris. 

Long.: O^OOSS. 

Ovale oblongue et de la meme forme que E. erichi Weise dont elle est voisine. 
Tete, mandibnies et palpes noirs ; antennes rousses, avec le premier article et la 
massue rembruuis ; corselet noir, mat, ii pubescence courte, fine et pen dense, a 
c6t6s arrondis et irrignliferement relev(5s, avec la base en arc de cercle large et les 
angles posterieurs pen accuses. Ecusson noir, triaugnlaire, un pen plus long que 
large. Eiytres plus larges que le corselet a la base, oblongs, acumines en arriere, 
k rebord releve, dilate en arriere de T^paule ; k ponctnatiou tres fine, entremelee 
d'assez nombrenx points un pen plus gros et pins serr6s le long dn bord lateral ; 
d'un rouge brun mat avec nne bordure laterale et nne bordure suturale noires : la 
bordure lat^rale partaut de Tangle humeral en avaut du calus, reduite k pen i)res 
au rebord on empietant tres pen sur la partie couvexe de Telytre jusqu'an ijuart 



( 251 ) 

antdrieur de la longnenr, oii elle se dilate en nne tache demi-circulaire dtendue dii 
quart a la moitie de la longueur du bord lateral, et prolougee en dedans jusqu'anx 
deux cinqniemea externes de la largeur ; rStr^cie de nonvean en ne formant plus 
qu'nne ^troite bordnre latSrale, puis dilat(5e a pen pres de la meme fa<;'on qne 
pr5c(''(lemnaent en une tache de meme forme, mais uu pen plus petite et dirig^e en 
dedans et en avant jusqn'anx trois quarts de la longueur, oil elle se retr^cit de 
nonvean pour s'61argir graduellement jusqn'ii I'extrdniite oil elle rejoint la bordure 
sutnrale, celle-ci embrassant a la base les c6t6s de I'^cusson en formant nne tache 
carr6e, petite, pnis rt'trecie brnsqnement jusqu'an sixieme de la loiignenr ; Ik, elle 
se dilate en formant de chaqne cot6 nn triangle a bords sinu6s, a sommet arrondi 
situi' juste en face de la premiere dilatation de la bordure laterale, k cotd anterienr 
court, k cote posterieur allonge en ligne courbe, reutrante, jusqu'anx cinq sixifemes 
de la longueur ; de nonveau la bordure se dilate ])our se r6nnir a la sutnrale et 
former ainsi nne tache triangulaire apicale ; la bordure snturale des deux ^iytres 
preud ainsi la forme d'un fer de lance (la tete de I'insecte ^tant touru^e vers 
Tobservateur. 

Dessous noir, pieds noirs, ongles greles, munis d'nne dent large a la base. 
L'insecte unique snr lequel a et6 faite la description ci-dessus ctant tres engine, je 
n'ai pu examiner les plaques abdominales. 

Melsetter, Mashonalaud. 

6. Chnootriba lata spec. nov. 

Late ovalis, nigra, griseopubescens ; elytris rufis fasciis duabus macnlisqne 
tribns (|. 1. J instructis) notatis. Pedibus nigris. 

Long.: 0"'007. 

En ovale large, attenne en arriere, et reconverte d'nne pubescence jaunatre ; 
tete noire ; palpes ronx ; antennes rousses avec la massne et la base du premier 
article noires. Corselet noir avec une fine bordure roussatre anx angles ant(Srienrs, 
k pubescence grise, assez longue et pen dense, a cotSs arrondis, nn pea releves, les 
angles posterieurs pen distincts et la t)ase en ogive large, sinnee de chaqne c6t6 
et tronquee an devant de I'tensson. Celui-ci noir, petit, en triangle equilateral. 
Elytres un pen plus larges qne le corselet a la base, arrondis anx epaules, a3-ant 
leur pins grande largeur au tiers anterienr, att6nuSs en arrifere, tombant droit sar 
les cotes avec nn petit rebord trfes etroit, k ponctnation fine, entremelee de nombrenx 
gros points enibuces ; d'nne jauue ronx avec deux bandes et trois taches noires. La 
premiere baude partant des cotds de I'Scusson et suivautle bord anterienr de I'elytre 
en y laissant une mince bordure de la couleur fonciere, nn pen dilatee en arc de 
cercle de chaqne c6t6 de I'ecnsson, 6tendue en dehors jusque sur la partie d^clive 
des elytres, oil elle laisse une bordure jaune de meme largeur qn'a la base, prolong6e 
jusqu'an quart de la longueur, coupee droit d'un bord lateral k I'autre k sa partie 
postirieure ; la seconde baude parallele, couvrant des deux anx trois cinqniemes de 
la largeur, legerement oblique en avant et en dedans, laissant ;"i la suture et an bord 
lateral un fin lisire jaunatre. Tache 1 en triangle a sommet arrondi, k base Stendne 
sur la suture, des trois cinqniemes aux denx tiers, et k sommet externe prolong^ 
jusqu'an tiers de la largenr, formant avec celle de I'autre ^lytre un losange trans- 
versal. Tache 2 grosse, irrignliferement arrondie, tronqnfie en arrifere snr le disqne, 
des deux tiers aux cinq sixiemes, plus rapprochee du bord lateral que de la suture. 
Tache 3 triangulaire, concave en avant, dans Tangle apical. 



( 252) 

Dessons noir ; plaqnes abdominales limitSes par nn arc de cercle Ji lear partie 
interne, onvertes en arriere et en dehors. 

Ongles bifides, denies a la base. 

Les espt'ces h ongles denies et bifides et a plaqnes abdominales tr^s incompletes, 
me semblent iiouvoir former nn genre i part, detaclii' des F.piladina qni ont les 
plaqnes completes on onvertes senlement en Lant de lenr bord externe. L'insecte 
ei-dessns, S, cause de sa forme tres elargie, ne pent, a mon avis, etre consid6r6 
coranie nue variefe de CIt. similis Th. 

Kambowe, Lnalaba, Afriqne Orientale. 

7. Thea parenthesis spec. nov. 

Oblonga, parnm convexa, nitida ; capite flavo, vertice nigro ; palpis antennisqne 
Inteis ; thorace transverso, snbqnadrato, pallide flavo, lateribns hyalinis, macnlis .5 
brnnnesceutibus pins miiiiisve dilntis notato ; scutello parvo, brnnneo ; elytris 
elongatis, lateribus pavnm incnrvatis, lateis linea crassa discali apice et postice 
intus incurvata saturate fnsca instrnctis. Snbtus flava, metasterno brnnnescente. 
Pedibns flavis. 

Long. : 0"' U03. 

Ovale, pen convexe, Inisante. Tete d'uu janne pale avec le vertex d'an noir 
profond, cette conlenr noire avancee l^gerement snr le hant du front. Antennes et 
palpes flaves. C'orselet transversal, pen arrondi snr les cotes et pen retreci en avant, 
ii peine concave a sa partie anterieure, reconvrant la jiartie posterieure des yenx, a 
ponctnation ii peine visible, d'nn flave tres jiiile avec les cot^s trausparents, marque 
de qnelqnes petites taches d'nn brnn tres pale, ordinairement an nombre de cinq : 
trois s\ la base dont une ant6scntellaire, deux sur le disqne, de chaqne cotd de la 
ligne mediane, parfois reunies, parfois a peine distinctes. Ecusson petit, triangnlaire, 
plus large que long, d'nn brnn plus on nioins fonc^. Elvtres a peine pins larges 
que le corselet a la base, r(5guliirement ovalaires, arrondis separement ;\ I'extremite, 
pen convexes, a tranche inclinee ^troite, a calns hnmeral pen accuse ; ponctnation 
assez forte, dense, bien imprim^e ; d'nn janne pale avec nne large ligne discale d'nn 
brnn fonce, convrant le quart de la largenr, deux fois moins rajiprochde de la suture 
que du V)ord externe, comnienrant an niveau dn calns qn'elle couvre par son angle 
antero-externe, prolongde jnsqu'anx six septifemes de la longnenr, incnrvde trans- 
versalement a ses denx extremites, atteignant presqne la suture en avant et la 
tonchant tout a fait en arriere, avant ainsi snr Teiytre ganche la forme d'nn C epais ; 
^mettant parfois a son angle apical externe nn court ])rolongeraent dentiforme. 

Dessons blanchatre avec le mdtasternnm plus ou moins rembrnni. 

Pieds d'nn ronssatre pale. 

Salisbury, Mashonaland. 

Cette espece est beauconp plus dtroite que la Thea imbecilla, Gerst., et son dessin 
est bien difiSrent. 

8. Vibidia marshalli spec. nov. 

Late ovalis, parnm convexa, nitida. Capite Inteo, labro rnfo macula ])arva 
mediana verticis brnnnescente : antennis pali)is((ne rufis. Thorace luteo, lateribns 
rotundatis, translncentibns, raacnlis (juinqne brnnneis (tribus basalibns, duabns 
in disco anteriore sitis) notato. Scntello flavo. Elytris brnnnescentibns macnlis 



( 253 ) 

sex palliiloflavis notatis (4 prope marginem, 2 prope snturam positis) nubtiT! rnfa, 
lateribns pectoris flavis. Pedibns rufis. 

Long. : rr 1)035. 

En ovale large, pen convexe, luisante en de-ssns. Tete d'un janne pale avec le 
labre nn pen i)lns foncd, et nne petite tache ra^diane arrondie, bniiiiUre, snr le 
vertex ; antennas et palpes ronx. (Joreelet tran,sversal, un pen rStreci d'arrifere 
en avaut avec les angles arrondis et les cotes legferement releves, translncides ; 
d'nn janne pille avec trois taches brnnes, triangnlaires h, la base (ces taches reanies 
par lenr base) dont I'nne antescntellaiie et nne de chaqne cote de la premiere, et les 
denx antres, nn pen pins tbncees, snr la partio anterienre dn disqiie : ponctnatioa 
trfes fine et tres snperficielle. Euasson flave. Elj'tres nn pen pln^ largcs qne le 
corselet a la base, en ovale un pen retri5ci d'avant en arrlere, etroiteinent arrondis 
■Si Textrdmit^ ; k ponctnation moyenne, dense et snperficielle surtont snr le disque ; 
A rebord releve etroit, contonrnant I'epanle et prolongu jnsqn';\ I'extremite, leg^re- 
ment transliicide ; d'un jaune brnnatre avec six taches flaves. Tache 1 petite, 
en forme de triangle dont la base tonche celle des ulytres, a 6gale distance de 
I'ecusson et des bords lateranx dn prothorax ; tache 2 convrant I'epanle, reanio 
■i Tangle externe de la tache 1 en formant ainsi nne bordure basale qni contourne 
le calns humeral, pnis s'elargit en forme de triangle jusqn'au tiers de la largeur 
de I'dlytre, ^tendue jusqn'au tiers de la longueur, concave ii sa partie posterieure ; 

3 irregnlierement arroudie, un peu 6chancpee en avant, juxtasuturale, juste en 
face de la partie dlargie de la tache 2, convrant a pen pris le tiers de la largenr ; 

4 an-dessons de 3, juxtasuturale anx trois cinqniemes de la longueur, convrant 
a pen pres le quart de la largeur, subarrondie on legerement ovalaire ; 5 apr^s 
le milieu, an bord lateral, transversalement etendne jusqn'au tiers de la largeur 
de I'elytre, 16g6rement prolongee le long dn bord lateral en avant et en arri^re 
oil elle se lie a la tache 6 ; cette dernifere etendue jusqu'a I'extremite en forme 
de bordnre serailunaire envoyant le long de la suture un court prolongement qui 
s'incnrve en dehors et rejoint parfois la partie anterienre de la tache, enclosant 
ainsi nne tache bruuatre ; la suture est aussi etroitement blanchatre a sa partie 
•anterienre. 

Dessous blanchatre avec le metasternum rembruni et les episternes meta- 
thoraciqnes d'un tlave jaunatre brillaut, les epimeres restant concolores. 
Pieds blanchiUres. 
Chirinda, Mashonaland. 



9. Caria arrowi spec. nov. 

Rotnndata, convexa, glabra. Capite rnfo. Prothorace nigro, limbo apicali 
angnsto, extns dilatato, limbo laterali, basim hand attingente, rnbris ; fere bevi, 
augnlis anticis sinuatis, posticis obtusis, rotnndatis ; scutello nigro, lateribns 
"Cnrvatis ; elytris rnbris limbo basali angustissimo, limbo laterali lato, apice 
dilatato, nigris ; subtns rufobrnnnea epipleuris elytrorum nigris interne rufolim- 
batis ; pedibns rufobrunneis. 

Long. : U"MJ11. 

Tete d'nn roux jaune avec les palpes et les anteunes de luerae conlenr, 
extremite des inandibnles noire. Corselet a cdt6s faiblement arrondis, rebord^s, 
etroitement releves, sinues an niveau des angles anturienrs qni sont avances et 



( 254 ) 

aiTondis ; angles post<5rienrs obtus, largemeut arroudis ; base en arc de cercle large, 
non sinnee ; ponctnation obsolete sur le disque, plus visible snr les cOWs et le 
long du bord lateral ; uoir, ii partie auterienre avec nn (itroit rebord rougeatre 
qui sV'largit brnsqnement au niveau de la siunosite postoeulaire jusqu'a Tangle 
anterieur oil il s'incnrve le long dn bord lateral jnsqu'an milieu de la longueur, en 
laissant nn mince lisdri noiratre a son cote externe. Ecusson noir, en triangle 
k Cotes cnrvilignes, avec qnelques points fins, 6j)ars et superficicls. Elytrcs plus 
larges ([lie le corselet a la base, arrondis aux epaules, en courbe regnliere sur 
les Cotes, ibrmant a pen pres nn cercle parfait tronque en avant, a tranche large 
et d^clive, non limitie par un sillon h, sa partie interne ; k ponctuation tres fine, 
tr^s ecartee et tr6s superficielle ; d'un rouge cerise vif avec, a la base, une tr6s 
^troite bordure, a peine visible, noire, et nne large bordure laterale de meme 
coulenr, commeni^'ant au niveau des angles posterieurs du corselet, coutournaut 
le calus humeral en s'elargissant regulierement jnsqu'anx deux tiers, couvrant, 
au milieu, k pen pres le cinquieme externe de la largeur, puis dilatee jusqu'ii 
la snture en tbrmant une large taclie apicale commune, ;i bord anterieur sinueuse- 
ment concave et couvrant a pen pres le sixieme posterieur de la longueur. 

Dessous d'un ronx bruuatre clair avec les epiplenres prothoraciques bordees de 
noir du milieu a la base, et les epiplenres des elytres noires, marquees en dedans 
d'une bordure d'un rouge brun clair dilatee a la base et apres le milieu. Fossette 
des ej)ipk'ures protboraciques tres grande, pen profonde, triangulaire ; presternum 
avec deux fines carenes qui n'atteignent pas le bord anterieur et se reuuissent a 
I'extrdmite du prolongemeut intercoxal qui est faiblement lanceol6. Mesosternnm 
large, echancre en demi-cercle a sa partie ant^rienre et muni d'une petite fossette 
profonde et arrondie, logeaut I'extremite du presternum. Plaques abdominales 
atteignant le bord posterieur de I'arceau, en arc de cercle a leur partie interne, 
angnleuses k I'extremite, concaves a leur partie externe, qui est moins marqnie. 

Pieds d'un rouge brun ; femurs profondement sillonnes tout le long en arri^re, 
tibias lavgement sillonnes k leur partie posterieure avec les aretes des sillons 
finemeut brunatres. 

Mindoro, lies Philippines. 

Cette espece rajipelle par sa coulenr la Le/'s ati-ocinutu. Elle s'en distingue 
(outre la fossette du corselet) par sa taille plus grande, le dessin de sou corselet 
et la tranche explanee de ses elytres. 

10. Dysis quadrilineata spec. nov. 

Breviter ovalis, nigra, rufo variegata ; capite, palpis, antennisque rufis, 
Prothorace nigro : limbo antico augnsto (in medio interrupto) in angulis auticis 
dilatato, maculis binis discoidalibus luteis interdum notato. Scntello nigro, 
pnnctato. Elytris rufis, limbo suturali, limbo laterali lineisque binis discoidalibus 
antice postice que connatis, ornatis. Subtus nigra; epipleuris prothoracis luteis; 
epipleuris elytrorum luteis externe nigro limbatis ; abdomine rufo ; segmenti primi 
medio nigro ; segmentis 2°-5° maculis tribus nigris notatis. Pedibus rufis. 

Long. : 0" 0045. 

En ovale court, glabre, luisante, )ionctu6e. Tete rousse avec le front dens6raent 
et finement ponctue. Palpes et anteimes roux. Corselet noir avec le bord anterieur 
^troitemeut d'un janne pale (cette bordure interrompne au milieu par un prolonge- 
meut median en angle tres aigu de couleur noire) une grosse tache triangulaire de 



( 255 ) 

mfeme conlenr faisant suite a la lionlnre apicale en deliors, couvrant Tangle anterienr, 
prolongee sur les cutes presque jnsqu a la base qu'elle u'atteint ]ias tout h fait, 
limitee en dedans par une ligne oblique sinueuse, d'abord convexe, jmis concave ; sur 
le disque, deux jietite.s tacbes olilongucs, divergeutcs, de memo conlenr ; pouctnation 
moyenue, assez dense, superficielle. Eeasson noir, ponctne, plus large que long. 
Elytres a peine plus larges que le corselet a la base, a c6t6s rfigulierement ovales, 
non explands ; ii calus humeral saillant, a ponctuation forte, dense et bien marquee ; 
d'nnjanue d'ocre vif avec une bordure suturale mince, pins etroite que I'ecusson, 
parallele de la base !\ Fextre'raitcS, une bordure laterale deux fois plus etroite que la 
sutnrale, etendue de Tepaule a I'extrt^mite, parallele sur toute sa longueur, et deux 
lignes longitndinales sur le disque, noires ; ces denx lignes r(5nnies a la base et k 
rextr^mitfi, cominemant par uu trait unique qui va en s'elargissant jnsqu'au delii 
du calns, oii il se bifurque en deux lignes, Finterne presqne droite, j)lus rapprochee 
de la suture que dn bord lateral, I'externe convexe en dehors, plus rapprochee da 
bord externe que la premiere de la suture, reunie k la premiere ligne vers les sept 
huititimes de la longueur, et le trait unique ainsi forme, prolonge jusqu'i la suture 
qu'il atteint un pen au-dessus de Tangle apical. 

Dessous noir sur le prosternum (sanf les epipleures, qui sont d'nu janne jnile) 
sur le m^so, le m6tasternnm (epimeres mStasternales blancbatres) et les trois quarts 
luMians du premier arcean abdominal. Les quatre derniers arceanx ventraux d'nn 
roux fauve avec trois taches noires ; une sur la ligne meiliane et une de chaque c6t6. 
Epipleures des elj'tres d'un janne pale, finement bordees de noir en dehors. 
Plaques abdominales atteignant le bord post(5rieur de Tarceau ; en arc de cercle 
rSgulier ; la partie externe atteignant le bord lateral un pen au-dessus de Tangle 
post(5rienr du premier segment ventral. 

Pieds ronx, ongles avec une grosse dent a la base. 

Le dessin des fiiytres de cette esjiece est tout a fait semblable a celui de la 
Cydonia i-lineata Muls. Elle en differe par sa forme oblongue, le dessin de son 
corselet, sa ponctuation beaucoup plus forte, la longueur de ses antennes, la largeur 
de son ecusson, la cuulenr pins foncee de la tete, par ses elytres k peine plus larges 
qne le corselet a la base, a angle humeral tres arrondi. 

Delagoa Bay. 

11. Dysis big'uttata nov. spec. 

Late ovalis, punctata, nitida. (Japite rufo fronte nigromaculata ; antennis 
palpisqne rufis ; prothorace nigro, angulis anticis tenuiter albomarginatis ; scntello 
nigro ; elytris nigris crebre punctatis, guttis duabus rubris, in disco posteriori sitis, 
notatis. Subtns rufa; pedibns pallide fulvis. 

Long. : 0"'O04 — U'" 0(142. 

En ovale large, mediocremeut convexe, luisante en dessus. Tete d'un roux 
tauve avec le front tach6 de noir et ponctu^. Antennes et palpes roux. Corselet k 
c6t6s pen arrondis, retr6ci en avant, a angles post^rieurs obtns et (Smouss^s, ii base 
en arc de cercle large, non sinuee ; ponctuation tres fine et tres superficielle ; d'nn 
noir profond avec les angles anterieurs bordis de blanchatre, cette bordure 6tendne 
en avant jusqu'a la sinnosite postoculaire, sur les cute.s jusqu'au tiers posterieur de 
la base, termin^e en pointe k ses deux extr^mitds. Ecusson noir, ponctu^. Elytres 
nn pen pins larges que le corselet a la base, arrondis aux epaules, largement 
ovalaires, en cercle large k Textremite avec nn rebord extrememcnt etroit ; ponctna- 



(-56 ) 

tion assez grosse, dense et profonde ; d'nn noir profond avec snr chacau uoe tache 
d'un ronge vif sitnt-e snr le disqne anx trois quarts de la longueur, k pen pr^s h 
6gale distance de la suture et du bord lateral, presque carri^e, couvratit environ le 
cinqnieme de la largeur. 

Dessous d'un fanve rousstitre, k pubescence courte et blanchatre. 

Pieds d'un jaune pale. 

1-'. Dyris biguttata al). sexguttata nov. 

Prothoracis kteribus late luteis, disco maculis biiiis flavis ; elytrorum limbo 
laterali brnnneo, disco maculis tribna ornato diffcrt. 

Corselet noir avcc les angles antfirienrs largeraent d'un janne flave, cette tache 
^tendne en forme de bordnre le long du bord anti'Tieur en avant et jusqn'a la base 
sur les coti's en s'amincissant brusqnement ii partir des denx tiers de cenx-ci ; en 
outre, sur le disqne, denx taches oblougues et d"un janne blanehatre. Elvtros noirs 
rembrnnis sur les c6t6s et a la base (probablement I'insecte etait immature) et 
presentaiit, outre la tache normale qui est jaune, une tache de merae forme et de 
mfime couleur snr le calns bnmeral et nn jwint d'un jaune brun, tres petit, entre 
cette tache et la suture. 

Salisbury, Mashonaland. 

13. Dysis decempunctata nov. spec. 

Breviter ovata, modice convexa, nitida. Capite rnfo : palpis auteuuisque con- 
coloribus. Thorace Inteo, limbo basali utriu(ine triangnlariter dilatato maculaqne 
media rhombiformi, limbo postice connexa, ornato. Elytris Inteis, limbo laterali, 
limbo sntnrali macnlisque decern nigris ornatis ; subtus flava ; pedibus pallidis. 

Long.: 0'"004. 

En ovale tres court, presque arrondie, moder^ment convexe, luisante eu dessus. 
T6te rousse avec le front tres finement ponctu^. Antennes et palpes cjncolores. 
Corselet a. cotes legerement arrondis, non siunes, les angles post(5rieurs obtus, 
emonsses, la base en arc de cercle large, non sinu6e ; ponctnation extreraeraent fine 
et snperfieielle, }>eu visible ; d'nn jaune flave avec nn dessin noir compose d'nne 
bordnre etendne d'nn angle posterienr a I'antre, angnleusement dilatee de chaqne 
c6t6 jusqn'aux deux cinquifemes de la longueur, et d'une tache discale, en losange 
irregnlier, transversal, avec le cote auterienr legerement anguleux an milien, le c6t6 
posterienr prolonge en pointe jusqu'ii la bordure de la base. Elytres ii peine plus 
larges que le corselet a la base, a angle humeral arrondi, mais bien accuse; 
regulierement ovales de I'lSpaule a I'extremite, ii calus humeral petit et bien marque, 
a ponctnation assez dense et assez profonde ; d'nn janne flave avec une bordure 
snturale, une bordnre laterale et dix taehes noires : la bordnre sntnrale etroite, 
commenvant ii I'extremite de I'ecusson, parallele jnsqn'aupres de I'extriSmite qn'elle 
n'atteint pas tout k fait ; la bordure lat^rale rt-duite au rebord, s'amincissant vers 
Tangle sutnral ; tache 1, de forme irregnliere snr le calus, couvrant nn peu moins 
du tiers de la largeur, nn pen ])lus longne que large, convexe en dehors, a bords 
dechiqnetes ; 2, i)etite, nebuleuse, sitnee entre la tache 1 et la suture, un i)eu plus 
rapprochee de celle-ci ; 3, jnxtasnturale, ovalaire, a bords irregnliers, anx trois 
ciuquieraes de la longueur; 4, transversale sur le disque, des deux tiers anx 



( 257 ) 

qnatre cinqniemes de la longneiir, denx fois phis rapproch^e du bord externe que 
de la sntnre ; 5, ponctiforme, r(5nnie ii la suture aux six septifemes de la longueur. 

De8Fons fauve avec les pieds d'nn ronx pale. 

Salisbur}', Mashonaland. 

14. Dysis gahani spec. nov. 

Breviter oblonga, iiitida. Capite flavo, palpis antennisque rufis ; prothorace 
flavo, maculis tribns basalibus, inter se connexis, maculaque discali transversa 
ornato ; scutello nigro ; elytris pallidis, sutura tenuiter nigricante ; subtns nigra, 
lateribus abdominis fnlvis ; pedibiis flavis. 

Long. : 0'° 0042. 

En ovale court. Tete d'un fanve obscur avec le front ponctufi ; antennes et 
palpes ronx. Corselet retr^ci en avant, a cot^s arrondis, finement rebordes, k base 
largement arrondie, non sinu^e ; a ponctuation line et dense, bien marquee ; d'nn 
ronx clair, l(5gerement blanchatre snr I'extreme bord lateral et marque de qnatre 
taches noires ; trois a la base : une antescutellaire petite, largement r^anie aux 
deux laterales qui sent triangulaires, etendnes jusqn'au milieu de la longueur en 
avant, leur angle externa atteiguant a pen pres I'augle posterieur du prothoras ; 
une taclie transversale snr le disqne, semblant formee de denx taches rennies, 
convexe en arriere et sinuee en avant, retr^cie en dehors, placee entre les denx 
extrdmit^s des taches laterales de la base. Ecusson noir. Elytres legferement plus 
larges que le corselet a la base, regulierement ovales, jusqn'a Textrf^mite : d'un 
jaune pale sans taches, avec la bordure suturale ijtroitement brunutre(plns nettement 
dans sa partie anterieure). 

Dessous d'un noir jjrofond avec les cotes et rextremitc de I'abdomen d'un 
jaune pdle ; pubescence du dessous pen serr6e, blanchatre. 

Pieds flaves. 

Mashonaland. 

La Cydonia picticollis Gorham et VAutotela picticollis Weise, les seales 
especes qui par leur syst^rae de coloration pourraient etre confondues avec celle-ci, 
se distinguent par leur forme tres arrondie et le dessin du corselet, qui est 
diffiJrent. 

15. Dysis limbicoUis spec. nov. 

Late ovalis, glabra, uitida. Capite flavo antennis palpisque rufescentibus. 
Prothorace nigro, limbo apicali lateraliqne pallide flavocincto. Elytris nigris 
crebre punctulatis ; snbtas rnfa. Pedibus rnfis. 

Long. : O" 0045. 

En ovale large, pea convexe, brillante en dessns. Tete d'un jaune flave, 
ponctnee sur le front avec les palpes et les antennes roux. Corselet fortement 
r^tr^ci en avant ; legeremeut sinuee au cOt^ externe des angles anterieurs, les 
post<^rieurs arrondis, la base en arc de cercle large, non sinuee sur les bords 
latfiraux finement releves ; ponctuation simple, fine et dense; d'un noir profond 
avec nn mince lis^r6 blanchatre an sommet et sur les cotes, n'atteignant pas tout 
a fait la base. Ecusson noir. Elytres un j)eu plus larges (jne le corselet, arrondis 
aux dpaules, regulierement ovales, avec un etroit rebord ; ponctuation i)lus grosse 
que celle dn corselet, profonde, dense, pins dense et avec des points pins gros 
le long du bord lateral, les points du disqne li^gferement infiganx ; d'nn noir profond 
sans tache, parfois avec I'extrt^mite d'nn brnn noir. Ailes membraneuses, noiratres. 



( 258 ) 

Dessons roussatre, deusemeut pubescent de blaiic, avec les ^piplenres dii 
corselet d'nn flave blanchiitre liiisant. 

Pieds roux. 

Salisbury, Masbonalaud. 

Uistincte de VAutotela nigra Weise par sa forme ovale et non arroudie, aplatie 
an lien d'otre convexe, et son epistome ^chancre en arc de cercle. 

I'i. Dysis collaris spec nov. 

LBte ovalis, nitida. (Ia{)ite rufo ; antennis palpisqne concoloribus, vertice 
nigro. Protborace nigro, limbo antico lateralique albo tenne niarginato. El^tris 
rubidis, imraacniatis sntura angnste brunnea. Snbtus rnfa, albidopubescens. 
Pedibns pallide rnfis. 

Long. : 0"' 0045. 

En ovale large, pen convexe, glabre et Inisante en dessus. Tete d'nn ronx 
fanve a. front mat et ponctut', avec les jialpes et les antennas de meme coulenr ; 
vertex noir. Corselet fortement retreci en avant, a cotes tres legerement arroudis, 
les angles auti5rieurs aigus, non sinues en dehors, les posturieurs obtns, largement 
^mouss6s ; la base en arc de cercle large, non sinuee, les bords latdraux finement 
relev^s ; ponctuation fine et dense ; d'nn noir profond, avec une mince bordnre 
apicale brunatre et nne burdure laterale de meme largenr, blancbatre, prolongee 
jnsqn'a la base. Ecusson noir. Elytres d'un rouge orange sans tache avec la 
suture fitroitement brunatre, un pen plus larges que le corselet ii la base, rdgulifere- 
ment ovales jusqn'ii I'extrc^mite, a ponctnation plus grosse que celle du corselet, 
tr^s dense surtout snr les bords. 

Dessous d'un ronx fanve avec les pieds plus pales. 

Salisbury, Mashonaland. 

IT. Dysis fulva spec. nov. 

Breviter ovalis, snpra Intea, nitida; subtns fulva, metasterno abdominisqne 
medio brnnnesceutibns vel nigricantibus ; pedibns flavis. 

Long. : 0™ 004—0"' 0045. 

En ovale court, mt^diocrement convexe, Inisante. Tete rousse avec le vertex 
concolore ; front ponctue ; anteunes et palpes roux. Corselet retreci en avant, 
k cot^s legerement arrondis, avec un tres fin rebord ; les angles posturieurs obtus, 
arrondis, la base en arc de cercle large, non sinuee ; ponctnation simple, fine et 
assez dense ; d'un jaune roux, graduelleraent plus clair sur les c6t^s. Ecusson 
roux. Elytres legerement pins larges que le corselet :i la base, arrondis anx 
dpaules, ri'gnlieremeut ovales jnsqn'a I'extremite ; a ponctnation plus forte que celle 
du corselet ; d'un janne roux sans tache ou avec le rebord sutural imperceptiblement 
rembrnni. Dessous d'un roussatre p&le avec le metasternnm et le milieu de 
I'abdomen nu pen plus fonces, variant dn brnu an noiratre. 

Pieds flaves. 

Salisbury, Mashonaland. 

Les Lysis limbicollis, collaris, ei fulva ont entre elles la plus grandc analogic. 
Les deux premieres ne m'ont gnere paru differer que par la conleur ; chez la 
troisierae, la jwnctuation m'a semble jilns fine, les cote's du corselet plus arrondis 
et la forme plus courte. 

Pent-etre I'examen d'nn jdns grande nombre d'exemi)laires amenera-t-il !\ les 
r6nnir. 



( 259 ) 

18. Elpidia distigma sj)ec. nov. 

Fere hemisphjerica ; snpra uigra, subtns pallide rufobrunnea. Capite nigro : 
ore antennis palpisqne rnfis ; fronte dense punctata; prothorace nigro limbo 
angusto apicali flavo ; elytris nigris, guttis daabns discoidalibiis rnbris ; ej)iplenris 
nigris. 

Long.: 0" 0055-0™ OOa 

Arrondie, presqne h^mispherique, triis couvexe, d'nn noir luisant en dessus. 
Tete noire avec le bord ant^rieur de I'^pistorne tr6s 6troitement, le labre, les paipes 
et les antennes jaunes ; le dernier article de la massne de celles-ci legerement 
rembrnni k Vextr^miU- ; front r^trt^ci en arriere, h ponctnation assez grosse, dense 
et bien marquee ; corselet d'un noir luisant avec une mince bordure d'nn jaune pale 
k la partie anterieure couvrant le cot^ externe des angles anterieurs jusqu'au tiers 
des cot^s ; cenx-ci finement rebord^s, avec une ligne enfoncfie obsolete en dedans 
du rebord ; angles post^rienrs arrondis, les anterieurs non sinues en dehors, base en 
arc de cercle large, non siunee. Ecusson grand, plus large que long, noir. Elytres 
plus larges que le corselet' aux epaules, r^gulierement arrondis eu cercle jusqu'S, 
I'extri^mitd ; sans tranche, a calus humeral saillant, k ponctnation fine, peu dense et 
assez profonde sur le disque, semblable k ct'lle dn corselet ; snr le bord latc'ral une 
trainee de gros points qui deviennent de moins en moins denses et de moins eu moins 
gros an fur et k mesnre qn'ils s'eloignent de I'epaule ; d'un noir luisant, avec une 
trfes petite tache arrondie d'un rouge vif snr le disque de I'^lytre, au tiers ant&-ienr 
de la longueur, un peu plus rapproch^e de la suture que du bord externe. 

Dessous d'un jaune brunatre clair, Inisaut, avec les c6tt5s du m(5sosternuin 
blanchiUres et les epipleures des (51ytres noires. Prosternum avec deux fines carfenes 
n'atteignant pas le bord ant6rieur ; plaques abdominales en arc de cercle large, 
contigues par leur convexity an bord post6rieur de I'arcean, leur partie externe 
atteignant le bord lateral un peu au-dessus de Tangle posterieur du segment. 
Abdomen a ponctnation nette, peu dense, plus 6paisse snr le prolongement iuter- 
coxal ; m^tasternnm presque lisse. 

Pieds de la coulenr du dessous. 

Cette espece a tout a fait le dessin dn Chilocoras distigma Klug. 

Salisbury, Mashonaland. 

19. Elpidia simoni spec. nov. 

Snbhemisphwrica, convexa, glabra. Capite rufo fruute nigrobimaculato ; 
prothorace rubro, basi nigro limbato, angulis anticis albomarginatis. Elytris 
nigris, guttis duabus rnbris discoidalibus uotatis ; subtns rubrobrnnuea ; pedibns 
coueoloribns. 

Long. : 0'" 0055. 

Arrondie, tres convexe, luisante en dessus et eu dessous. Tete rougeatre, plus 
pale sur la partie anterieure de I'epistome et sur le labre, avec deux grosses taches 
noires en dedans de chaque ueil, ne laissant sur le front qu'une ligne mediane 
rougeatre ; front k ponctnation tres nette, mat ; paipes et antennes roux. Corselet 
d'un rouge vif, k c6t6s regulierement arrondis, finement rebordes ; a angles aut6riears 
tres legerement sinnSs en dehors ; a base eu arc de cercle large, non sinuee, avec les 
angles posterieurs arrondis ; pouctuation fine, plus epaiose sur le disque, bieu marquee, 



( 260 ) 

as8ez dense snr les bords ; d'un rouge vif avec, k la base, nne bordnre noire dtroite, 
tehancree an milieu remontant jusqn'au tiers posterienr des cote's, et nue 6troite 
bordure blanchatre aux ano^les auterienrs. Ecusson noir, triaugnlaire. Elytres plus 
larges que le corselet a la base, arrondis aux i-paules, en cercle regulier jnsquVt 
I'extremiti', sans tranche, avec un calus humeral saillant et petit ; {)onctuation 
semblable u celle du corselet sur le disque avec de gros points le long du bord lateral, 
snrtout deiises et profouds aupres de Tangle humeral ; d'un noir briliant avec denx 
petites taches ronges, la premiere arrondie, k bords dechiqnetes, an tiers anterienr 
de la longueur, aux denx cinqniemes internes de la largeur, la seconde ponctiforme, 
an sixieme post6rieur, deux fois j)lns rapprochee de la suture que du bord lateral et 
de Tangle apical. En outre, ou distingue une petite trace rougeatre pres de la suture 
an niveau dn milien, plus visible d'un cote que de Tautre. 

Dessons d'un rouge brunatre clair avec les pieds concolores. Epimeres des 
^lytres d'un noir profond, pattes pnbescentes. 

Salisbury, Mashoualand. 

Uu senl exemplaire. 



20. Elpidia sanguinolenta spec. nov. 

Snbhemisphajrica, convexa, supra nitida. Capite obscure rubro, immacnlato ; 
antennis palpisque rufis. Thorace rubro, angulis auticis albomarginatis. Scutello 
rubro. Elytris uigris, maculis duabus magnis rubris, notatis : prima transversa, 
lata, fasciiformi, nee inarginem nee suturam attingente juxta suturam jiostice 
breviter producta ; secuuda obovata, anteapicali. Subtus rubrobruunea, pedibus 
concoloribus. 

Long. : 0°' 0053—0™ 006. 

Subhemispheriqne, convexe, luisante. Tete d'un ronge sombre mat sans taches, 
plus clair sur la partie auterieure de Tepistome et le labre ; i)alj)es et autenues d'nn 
ronx fonce ; front densement ponctne. Corselet a cotes arroudis, fineraent robordes, 
avec les angles anterieurs obsoleteraent sinues a leur bord externe, les posterienrs 
arrondis, obtus, la base eu arc de cercle large non sinnee ; ponctuatiou tine, dense, 
snrtout sur les cotes et nettement impiimee ; d'un rouge brunatre avec les angles 
anterieurs 6troitement tachis de blanchatre. Ecusson plus large que long, d'uu 
rouge brun. Elytres plus larges que le corselet a la base, arrondis anx 6paules, 
sans rebord explane, regnli^-remeut arroudis jusqu'i't Textreuiite ; k ponctuatiou 
simple sur le disque, oil elle est semblable k celle dn corselet, I'ormee sur le bord 
lat(5ral de gros points serres, parf'ois confluents, devenant plus ^pars et plus petits 
dans la moitie post^rienre ; d'un noir Inisant avec deux grosses taches d'nn ronge 
vif: Tauterieure en forme de baude transversale ou legerement oblique, a bords 
dechiqnetes, etendue du quart k la moitie de la longueur, uu ])eu ])lus eloiguee du 
bord lateral que de la suture, i)resentant le long de cette dernierc, a sa partie 
posterieure, un court prolougement coniqne atteignant au dela du milieu la seconde 
tache grande, irregulierement ovale, 6tendue en avant jusqn'au quart posterienr de 
la longueur, laissant nue etroite bordure apicale d'egale largeur le long de la suture 
et dn bord lateral de la couleur fouciere. 

Dessous d'uu ronge brunatre clair, avec les epimeres des Elytres noires. 

Pieds concolores. 

Salisbury, Mashonaland. 



( 261 ) 

Les Elpidia distigma, simoni et satiguinolentn ont entre elles la pins grande 
analogie, et il ne serait pas impossible qn'elles soient simplement trois formes d'nne 
senle et meme espece, mais je u'ai pas va d'iutermediaires entre les trois. Elles 
preseiiteiit respectivemeut nne grande ressemblance comme coloration avec les 
Chiloconos (//'stigma King, simoni 8icard, et sangainolentus Gorliam ; de lit les noma 
que je Icur ai donnes. 



21. Cydonia propinqua Mnls ab. scapularis nov. 

Statnra minora lineaqne discali postice abbreviata tantum differt. 

Long. : 0°' 0038. 

L'unique exenaplaire sur leqnel j'ai decrit cette variety m'a para differer dn 
type par nne taille moindre ; le dessin dn corselet est le meme ainsi qne les 
bordures snturale et laterale des elytres ; la ligue noire discale dii type s'etend ici 
senlement jnsqu'an qnart de la longneur, en forme de trait jiartant de la partie 
moyenne de la base dans la direction de Tangle apical ; ce trait est angnlensement 
dilate en dehors pour atteindre le sommet du calus. 

Cette forme ne m'a pas parn difttrer specifiquemeut des exemplaires typiques 
de C. propinqua, mais je lui ai donne un nom parce qu'elle semble etablir an 
passage avec le dessin de la Cydonia geisha Gorham. 



22. Exochomus gorhami spec. nov. 

Snbrotnndatus, alntaceus, supra niger, prothorace leviter wneomicaute ; 
elytris guttis duabus pallide luteis, jnxtalateralibns, ornatis ; subtus niger. 
Epiplenris, elytrorum macula magna oblonga lutea instructis ; pedibus nigris. 

Long. : 0'" 0032. 

Subarrondi, on en ovale tres court, it peine attenue en arriire. Tete 
d'uu noir Inisant, tnjs finement pointillee avec le cantlius concolore. Palpes 
noirs, antennes bruuatres. Corselet d'uu noir a reflet bronze verdatre fonc^, 
alutace, k cotes presque droit.s. Ecussou petit, [ilus long que large. Elytres 
de la largenr du corselet ii la base, regulierement arrondis sur les cott5s et 
un j)en atttnines en arriere, tombant droit sur les bords, mais avec la partie 
jiosterieure un pen prolongee et oblique a Fextremite ; alutacds ; noirs avec 
une taclie ovalaire d'un jaune [lale couvrant le septieme moyen de la longueur et le 
ciuquieme de la largenr, pres de trois fois aussl rapprochee du bord lateral que de 
la suture. 

Dessous noir avec Tabdomen d"un noir brunatre fouce et les epimeres 
metathoraciques plus claires. Epipleures des elytres tres inclinees, noires avec une 
tacbe d'un jaune piile en forme de bordure large etendue de la base aux deux 
cinqniemes de la longueur. 

Pieds noirs. 

Mashonalaud. 

Cette espece se place aupres de E. luemorrJioidatis Tbunb. (=cersutus Muls), 
dont elle se distingue par sa taille plus petite, sa forme plus attdnude en arriere 
avec les elytres nn pen releves a Textrumite tt par sou corselet concolore, sans tache 
janne sur les cotes. Puut-etre, les deux exemplaires que j'ai vus sont-ils des ? 
et le male a-t-il la tete jaune ? 



(262 ) 

23. Martinella undulata spec. dov. 

Botundata, convexa, griseopnbescens. Caplte brnnneo, palpis antenuisfjue 
dilntioribns. Prothorace rnfo macnla bmnnea parnm distincta notato. Scntello 
rnfo. Elytris rufis, e.xplanatis, vittis nndnlatis tribns nigro brmmeis notatis : prima 
basali, secnnda media, anteajiicali, sntnram nee raarginem attiugeutibus. Subtus 
rufa ; pedibns rnfis. 

Long. : 0"'UU32. 

Arrondie et de ineme forme qu'un <'kilocoru». Tete fortement incliuee 
d'avaut en arriere, d'un bran fonet- avec le front a jioiictnation dense et bien 
marquee ; palpes et antennes rongeutres. Corselet fortement r^treci en avant, les 
c6t6s coupes droits avec les angles anterieurs et postt^rieurs droits et bien marques, 
la base en ogive arrondie au sommet ; a jionctnatiou fine, plus serree snr les cotes ; 
d'un janne rougeatre avec nne tache brnne mal limitee sur le disiiue; pubescence 
trfes conrte et pen dense. Ecnsson petit, ronssatre. Elytres a peine plus largcs 
que le corselet a la base, leur angle humeral n'etant pas sitne dans le meme 
plan <|ue Tangle post^rieur de ce dernier ; arrondis snr les cotes, u peine attenu^s 
en arriere, a bords inclines, a pubescence a.^sez grosse, courte et pen dense, fi, 
ponctnation plus grosse que celle du corselet et tres dense ; d'un janne rougeatre 
pale avec trois bandes ondnlenses transversales d'un noir brnnatre : la premiere en 
forme de croissant dont le cote interne couvrirait le sixieme anterienr de la suture, 
dout la convexite atteindrait la base et dont le cote externe passerait snr le calns 
hnra6ra], la partie mediane etaut j)lns etroite que les deux extr^mites ; la seconde 
baiide partant dn milieu de la suture, angulense, dirigee d'abord d'arriere en avant 
jusqu'anx deux cinquifemes de la largeur, pnis en arriere sans atteindre le bord 
lateral ; la troisieme bande anteapicale, en forme de croissant a concavite interne 
dont la branche interne se prolongs le long de la suture jnsqu'a la 2" bande et 
dont la branche externe rejoint on presque I'extremite de cette derniere. 

Dessous d'un roux clair avec les femurs jilus ou moins rembrnnis. 

Natal. 

Cette espece se distingue facileraent de la Marti/iclla Ji/st/'lice Gorham ( — sella fa 
Sicard) par sou dessiu. 

24. Lotis ovata spec. nov. 

Breviter ovalis, convexa, nigra; nitida. Elytris guttis duabus sat magnis 
rnbris in disco sitis, fere iequalibus, uotatis ; subtus nigra ; pedibus nigris, tarsis 
rofescentibus. 

Long. : O^OUIS. 

En ovale court, r^guli^rement convexe, d'un nuir brillaut. Tete noire, alutacee, 
avec les palpes et les antennes de meme couleur et les mandibules brunatres. 
Corselet convexe, noir, finement rebordt5 a sa partie anterieure, tri-s faiblement 
r^tr^ci en avant ; ponctnation extremement fine, visible seulement a un fort 
grossissement, avec de petits points superficiels trt's denses et quelqnes gros jioints 
enfonces. Elytres k ponctnation beaucoup plus tine que celle du corselet, simple ; 
k calus Immoral obsolete, de la largeur du corselet a la base ; en ovale rignlier 
jnsqu'a I'extremite et munis d'un tres fin rebord continn et parallele ; d'nn noir 
luisant avec dens taches d'un jaune orang6 assez grosses : la premifere situ^e snr 



( 263 ) 

le second cinquieme de la loiignenr, convrant a pen pres le quart on ua pen pins de 
la largeur, !\ pen pres arrondie, tres Itigeremeiit plus rapprochee du bord lateral 
que de la sntnre ; la seconde sitiiee des deux tiers anx cinq sixiemes de la longnenr, 
couvrant k pen pres le tiers de la largenr, legerement pins ra])proch(5e de la sntnre 
qne dn bord lateral. 

Dessons d'un noir profond. 

Pieds noirs avec les tarses ronssiitres. 

Montague de la Table, Cap. 

La forme ovalaire de cette esjiece la distingne de tontes les antres. Elle est 
pins petite qne la distincta (Jas. doiit la rapproclie la conlenr noire dn dessons, les 
taches sont pins grosses et antrement plact^es qne celles de la stigmaticrt Casey. 
Cette derniere me semble etre d'aillenrs la veritable negleda Mnls. Celle indiquee 
sous ce nom i)ar Mr. Casey serait la collaris Weise. 

25. Hyperaspis multicolor spec. nov. 

Breviter ovalis, convexa, uitiJa. Capite rnfo i ? c? i vertice iiigro ; palpis 
anteunisqne rufis. Prothorace nigro, nitido, snbtilissime pnuctnlato, lateribns albo 
limbatis. Scntello nigro, punctato. Elytris rotnndatis, snbtiliter pnnctnlatis, 
nitidis, nigris, macnla transversa rubra ornatis. Snbtns nigra ; jmbe grisea vestita, 
epimeris rufis. Epiplenris protboracis tenne albo limbatis, elytrornm nigris. 
Pedibns nigris; tibiis auticis et intermedins apiceqne feniornm obscure rufis. 

Long. : U'° 003. 

En ovale tri's court et tres convexe. Ttite d'nu ronx clair (probableraent noire 
chez la ? ) avec le vertex noir ; la conlenr noire obliqnemcnt avancee de chaque 
c6t6 jusqn'an quart posterienr de l\eil. Autennes et paljjes ronx ; corselet d'un 
noir Inisant tres convexe, a ponctnation tres fine et tres regnliere, etroitement borde 
de blanc sur les cotes, cette bordnre arrondie en arriere en atteignant Tangle 
posterienr, nn pen angulensement avancee ii sa partie anterienre jusqn'a la sinnositd 
postocnlaire. Ecnsson noir, a ponctnation plus forte qne celle du corselet. Elytres 
de meme largeur qne le corselet a la base, regnlierement arrondis snr les cotes, 
separeraent a Textremite en forraant nn angle rentrant a la sntnre ; a ponctnation 
semblable a celle du corselet, a calns humeral obsolete ; d'un noir luisant avec niie 
tache transversale rouge, couvrant environ dn tiers k la moiti6 de la longnenr et 
presque le tiers de la largeur, legeieiuent jilns rapprochee de la suture que du bord 
lateral. 

Dessons noir avec les epimeres rousses. Epiplenres dn prothorax etroitement 
bordees de blanc, celles des elytres noires. 

Pieds noirs avec les tibias auterieurs et intermMiaires et I'extrdmite des 
femurs des memes paires de pattes d'un fanve ronssatre (la 9 a probablement les 
pattes entieremeut noires). 

Salisbury, Mashonalaud. 

~6. Ortalia ochracea ab. rosea nov. 

Elytris roseis uec fnlvis a typo dili'ert. 

Parmi d'assez uombrenx exem[)laires < I' Ortalia ochracea Weise, quehines-nns 
ont pr^sente nne coloration elytrale d'un bean rose an lien du jaune flave habitnel. 
I'onr tons les antres caraeteres, ces insectes sont absolument semblables anx 
exemplaires a conlenr uormale. 



(264) 

27. Ortalia punctata Weisp, hIj. octonotata nov. 

Macula qnarta (jnxtasntnrali jiostica) elytrornm deficiente tantnm iliftert. 

( -ette variete differa de 1' O. punctata Weise par Tabsence de la tache juxta~ 
sutnrale posterieiire (I'iuteriie de la rangee anttSapicalej, ce qui redui't le uombre de& 
tacbes ii qtiatre snv cbaquo elytre : 1. 'J. 1. 

Katanga. 

Chez quelqnes esemplaircs de Matopo Hills (Rhodesia) cette tache est tres 
petite, mais encore distiiicte. 

28. Ortalia X-signata spec. nov. 

Breviter ovalis, pube albida teniie vestita, niiida. C'apite flavo ; antennis 
palpisque concoloribus. Prothorace flavo macnlis noiiimllis obsoletis Inteis ornato. 
Scutello nifo. Elytris flavis, litnra brunnea jiixtasuturali littenuu X figuranto 
signatis. Siibtns flava albidojinbescens. Pedibus flavis. 

Long. : 0'" 0035. 

En ovale court et regnlier, converte d'uiie pubescence blanchatre assez courts 
et peu dense nemasquant pas Taspect luisant du dessns. Tete d'nn flave blanchatre 
avec les palpes et les antennes de meme couleur. Yeu.x gris. Corselet flave \ 
cotfis legerement incurves ii leur partie anterieure, ua peu retreci en avant, avec la 
base en arc de cercle large et les angles posterienrs obtus et bien man^nes ; on 
distingne a peine quelqnes taches petites, vagneraent nebulenses, presqne indistinctes, 
nn pen plus jannatres on brunatres que le fond et qui semblent etre au uombre 
de sept : trois k la base dont nne antescutellaire et quatre sur le disqne en rangfie 
trans versale, lea deux luedianes contigues, les autres pr6s dn bord lateral. Ecusson 
d'nn roux nn pen pins fonce que le corselet. Elytres uu pen plus larges que le 
corselet k la base, presqne parallMes jusqn'aux deux tiers de la longueur, en cercle 
large a I'extremite ; a ponctnation tres fine, tres superficielle et tres dense ; d'nn 
flave pale avec une etroite bande brune, etendue le long de la suture, de la base an.x 
trois quarts de la longueur, s'eiargissaut pour s'incurver en dehors en avant et en 
arriere: en avant, elle suit le bord externe de I'ecusson et atLeint la base jusqn'an.'c 
denx tiers externes, oil elle revient en arriere (sa partie e.xterne convrant le calus, 
humeral) en suivant le bord lateral dont elle reste eloignee d'une distance un pea 
moindre (jue sa jirojire largenr, jnsqu'au tiers antericur ; en arriere elle s'incnrve 
en dehors en suivant la conrbnre posterienre de I'elytre dont I'extremite reste 
largement blanche et remontant le long du bord lateral a la meme distance que la 
bande anterienre, qn'elle n'atteint i)as, et jusqu'anx deux cinquiemes ; le dcssin 
presente ainsi snr I'elytre droit la forme d'un C dont les branches transversales 
seraient pins larges que la branche verticale interne. Sur les denx elytres, il prend. 
la forme d'un X. 

Dessons d'un flave blanchatre, un pen plus roux sur la poitrine et le milieu 
de Tabdomeu avec les pieds de meiue couleur. 

Kivi^re Mpudzi, Mashonaland. 

2U. Aulis sharpi spec. nov. 

Oblonga, longe pabescens, nigra obscure rnbronotata. Capite nigro ; pro- 
thorace nigropubescente ; elytris nigris, macnlis tribns limboque laterali postice 
abbreviato, in medio dilatato, nigris. 



( 265 ) 

Long. : 0" 0035. 

Obloagne, pres de trois fois aussi longue que large, trcs pubescente. Tete 
noire avec les palpes foncees et les antennes ii premiers articles rougeatres. Corselet 
noir, finement pouctuiS, a pubescence jauuatre longue, uuiforme, cacliant la couleur 
fouciere. Ecnssoii grand, noir. Elytres noirs, ii pouctnation double, difficileiuent 
visible a cause de la pubescence qui les fait paraitre grisatres, avec trois taches 
d'un rouge rose et nne bordure laterale dilatee au milieu, raccoiiroie en arriere, 
de meme couleur. La premiere taciie couvraut du huitieme a un pen moins du 
tiers de la longueur, ovalaire, eloignee de la base d'une distance egale a pen pros a 
la moitie de sa longueur et uu pen plus rappruchee de la suture, la deuxieoie 
tache vers les trois cinquiemes de la longueur, en arriere de la jjremiere, 
arrondie, pins petite, j)lus ra[)prochee de la suture ; la tache 3 auteapicale, 
transversale, en croissant k convexite anti'rieiire, aussi eloignee de la suture que 
du bord lateral ; la bordure etroite, ]iartant de la base, qu'elle n'atteint jias tout 
a fait, 6tendue jusqn'apres le milieu, dilatee nn pen avaut sa termiuaison en 
forme de courte bande transversale etendue jusqu'au milieu de la largeur de 
I'elytre. 

Dessous noir, pieds noirs. 

Salisburj', Mashonaland. 

Le dessin de cette espece rappelle absolument celui de Aidis gorhami Weise, 
mais elle en diffire par sa taille plus petite, sa forme plus etroite, la pul)escence 
uuiforme de son corselet, ("hez Aulis nuoenzorica Weise, dout la taille est 
analogue, le corselet est borde de rousre. 



30. Cranophorus gu^tatus spec. nov. 

Oblongus, parnm convexus, griseopubescens. Capite rufo ; prothoraje 
brunneo late flavocincto. Elytris brunneis, lateribus dilutioribus, guttis 4 (2.2 
in singnlo positis) apiceque luteis ; snbtns brunnescens ; pedibus brunneis, femo- 
ribus anticis flavescentibns. 

Long. : U™0015. 

Ovale oblong, attenue en arriere, pen convexe, ii pubescence blanchatre. Tete 
rousse, cacliee par le corselet, avec les antennes et les ])ali)es plus claires. Corselet 
luisaut, arrondi au bord auterieur en ogive large, avec les angles posterieurs droits, 
bien marques, a pouctnation obsolt^te, a pubescence tres courte et trfes ciairseiut^e, 
visible seulement a un fort grossissement, d"nn brun noiratre passant au roux 
sur le tiers externe avec I'extreme bord auterieur transparent. Ecussoii petit, 
plus long que large, noiratre. Elytres de la largeur du corselet ii la base, oblongs, 
attinues en arriere, ayant vers le tiers auterieur leur plus graude largeur, saus 
rebord lateral, & calus humeral obsolete, a ponctuation plus grosse que celle du 
corselet, mais fine et dense, a pubescence assez longue, mais clairsemee, bien 
visible en regardant I'insecte de cote et obliquement d'avaut en arriere ; d'un 
brun fouce avec les cotes d'un brun plus clair et I'extremite apicale graduellement 
jaune ; quatre, taches sur chacuu de meme coideur, disposees sur deux raugs (2. 2.). 
Tache 1 du tiers au milieu de la longueur, arrondie, rapprochee de la suture 
d'une distance egale au tiers de son diamiitre ; 2 contigue ii la premiere, mais 
ovale, un j)eu plus longuement prolougee en arriere et de meme largeur ; 3 aux 
trois cinquiemes, en arriere de 1, ovale et plus petite; 4 uu pen eu arriere de 3, 



( 266 ) 

k egale distance eutre celle-ci et le bord lati5ral, ces taches formant avec lenrs 
pareilles deux rangees couvexes en avaiit. 

Dessoiis dii corps d'nn brnn clair avec les jiieds roussutres, les (nmtre ftmnrs 
posterieiirs reiubrnnis. 

Mts. Umkoiuaas, Natal. 

Cette petite espfece est bieii distincte de tontes les antres par son systeme de 
coloration. 

31. Pnllus gTittulatus spec. nov. 

Hotnudatns, tenne pnbescens, niger, elytris, siugulo, gnttis dnabns parvis, 
rotundatis, discoidalibns, oruatis. Subtns brnnneo-niger, abdomiue dilntiore. 
Femoribus nigris (iS anterioribus flavis) tibiis tarsisqne Inteis. 

Long. : 0" 0023. 

Snbarrondi, convexe, laisant, convert d'nue fine pubescence grisatre pen dense. 
Tete noire, denseiuent et assez profondement jionctnce avec le labre jannatre chez 
le d. Antennes et j)alpes roux. Corselet a, cutes presque droits, pen retreci en 
avant, luisant, ponctne, k pubescence fine, nniformfiment noir. Ecusson en triangle 
(Sqnilatt'ral noir. Elytres arroudis, tres convexes, a calns hnmoral petit et saillant, 
a ponctnation trcs nette et dense, a jmbescence fine, grisatre, i)eu dense ot assez 
longne, noirs avec deux petites taches jannes arrondies, d'e'gale grosseur, la 
premiere k la partie interne et posttirieure dn calns humeral dont elle atteint a 
pen prfes le sommet, couvrant environ le sixiome de la largeur ; la seconde 
anx trois qnarts de la longnenr, nn pen transversale, pins eloignee du bord 
externe que de la sntnre, dont elle est se'j)aree par nne distance t'gale a son propre 
diametre. 

Despons d'nn l)rnn noir, un pen moins fence sur Tabdomen. f'arenes dn 
prosternum limitant un espace luisant, fortenient convergentes, se rejoignant en 
angle aign en avant et formant nne conrte carene unique jnsqu'au bord anterienr ; 
plaques abdominales en arc de cercle Idgerement angnlenx an sommet, i branche 
externe plus oblique que I'interne, atteignant les qnatre cinqnifemes de I'arcean. 

Femurs noirs ( J ) on avec les anterieurs jaunatres (^). Genoux, tibias et 
tarses testaces. 

Cap ; Mashonaland. 

32. PuUus marshalli sp. nov. 

Subovatus, convexns, griseopnbescens. Capite rufo-bruunea, antennis palpis(ine 
dilntioribns. Prothorace brunnescente, lateribus rnfescentibus, elytris nigris apice 
late rufis. Subtus niger, prosterno, abdominis segmentis 4 nltimis rutis, primo 
branneo ; pedibns laite rufis. 

Long. : O^OOn. 

En ovale court, convexe et convert d'nue pubescence grisatre assez longue. 
T6te d'un roux un pen rougeatro avec les palpes et les antennes plus claires. 
Corselet de la lueme coulenr sur les cotes avec le disque gradnellement un pen 
rembruui ; legerement retreci en avant, k cotes pres([ue droits, a ponctnation fine et 
superticicUe, luisant. Ecusson petit, rougeatrc. Elytres ovales, k calus humeral 
petit et saillant, a ponctnation plus forte ([ue celle du corselet, noirs avec 
I'extremite largement d'nn jaune rongenlre, cette coulenr couvrant le tiers post^rieur 



(267 ) 

dn bord lateral et le quart de la suture, limitde par une ligae coiivexe en avant snr 
chaqne ^lytre. 

Dessous noir, avec le prosteriuim et le ventre ronx, sanf le premier arcean, qui 
est brnnatre. Car^nes du prosternnm tri-s legferement convergentes, pen Slevees, non 
nannies a la partie anterienre. Plaques abdominales en arc r^gulier, atteigaant ii 
peu pres les trois qnarts de I'arceau. 

Pieds ronx. 

Cette espece a la forme du Sc. globosus Weise. Elle se distingue de toutes les 
autres especes snd-africaines de PaUus par son corselet entierement rongeatre, qui 
doit etre d'nn rouge pins vif chez le t?. Les deux exemplaires que j'ai examinees 
sont deux ?. Le P. deyroUei qui poiirrait etre confondn avec elle ditf6re par 
I'extremite des ^lytres noire, le disque seul etant rongesUre sur la seconde 
moiti^. 

Natal ; Mashonaland. 

33 and 34. PuUus thiolierii ab. junior nov. 
Maculis elytrorum confluentibns. 

ab. didymus nov. 

Macula anteriori minuta, parum distiacta. 

Parmi uu certain nombre d'exemplaires de P. thiolierii Mills rc^coltds an 
Mashonaland et au Natal par Mr. Marshall, j'ai trouve les deux varidt($s ci-dessus 
diflKrant du type : la premiere par la reunion sur le disque de I'^lytre, des deux 
taches claires qui forment ainsi une bande bruue, retrdcie dans son milieu, etendue 
en avant jiisijn'an calus, couvraut les deux tiers de IV'Iytre en laissant la suture 
dtroitement uoire et terminee en arriere par une tache jaunatre ; la deiixieme par la 
petitesse de la premifere tache, qui forme un point brunfitre peu distinct en dedans 
dn calus. 

35. Pullus morelleti ab. cinctus nov. 

Limbo laterali lato, postice limbo snturali connexo, apice elytrorum rufo. 

Tons les exemjilaires recueillis par Mr. Berins au Rocher de la Table ainsi 
qu'un exemjilaire recueilli par Mr. Marshall a Massikewi out la bordure latdrale 
noire, large, jtrolong^e jusqu'^ la suture, oil elle s'unit a la bordure sutnrale 
commune, si bieu que les elytres sont uoirs avec une graude bande un peu oblique 
et une etroite bordure apicale rousses. Cette variete est indiqm'e d'ailieurs par 
Mulsant. 

3(5. Scymnus rosenhaueri Muls. 

Les exemplaires J rficoltes par Mr. Jlarshall ont la bordure prothoracique 
flave bien nette et prolongee jnsqu'ii la base. La description de Mulsant semble 
avoir 6te faite sur un individu fonce on ferments. 

37. Pharoscymnus pictus spec. nov. 
Rotundatus, parum convexus, griseoimbescens. Capite rufo, antennis palpisque 
Inteis; prothorace obscure fulvo; elytris nigris, vitta longitndinali postice abbreviata, 
maculis tribns, limboque laterali luteis ornatis. Snbtus rufeseens. Pedibns 
flavesceutibus. 



( 268 ) 

Long. : 0" 002. 

Arrondi, pen convexe, a pubescence grisatre clairsem^e. Ti-te d'nn ron.x 
brnniltre, Inisanto, finement ponctn^e avec les j)alpes et les antennes jannes ; 
jirothorax janne ii cotes arrondis, ii base en arc de cercle large, assez longuement 
pubescent, ii ponctnation trts fine. Elytres de la largenr dn jirothorax &, la base, 
regnliercmeut arrondis, h ponctnation tres fine et jieu dense, a pubescence longue 
et clairseniee, noirs avec nne bordure laterale, trois taches et une bande longi- 
tndinale jannes. La bordure couvrant le cinquieme de la base environ, retrecie 
aux deux tiers de sa longneur, ])nis gradnellement et faibleraent elargie jusqn'a 
Tangle sutnral ; la bande jnxtasutnrale couvrant le tiers interne de la base, 
])arallele, prolong(5e jnsqu'aux trois cinquiemes, oil elle se termine en ])ointe mousse, 
en s'ecartant nn pen de la suture qni reste jilus on moins etroitenient noire ou 
brunatre sauf tout a fait a la base, oil les deux bandes se touchent, celles-ci de 
couleur jilus claire ii Textremit^ qu'a la base. La tacbe 1 du septieme au tiers 
de la longueur, arrondie et legereiuent ovalaire, contigne k la bordure en dehors, a 
la bande juxtasuturale en dedans; la tacbe 2 au milieu de la longueur, de meme 
taille et de meme forme que 1, plus rapprochiJe de la bordure laterale que de 
la bande juxtasuturale ; 3 aux trois quarts de la longuenr, pres de la suture, 
en ovale oblique, postt'rieure ii la bande juxtasuturale et egalement eloignde de 
celle-ci en avaut, de la bordure apicale en arriere. 

Dessous brunatre avec les pieds plus clairs. 

Salisbur}-, Mashonaland. 

Cette espece a peu pres la taille et la forme du 1'//. setiilosus Chevr. ; elle est 
moins convexe; son dessin tres ])articulicr no permet de la confondre avec aucune 
autre. Le Pk. rouzeti Muls. est oblong et n'a que deux taches et line bordure rousse ; 
le Ph. Jf.-stillatus Muls. est noir Ji deux taches jaunes ; le Ph. papei Weise est noir 
avec nne bande jaune sur les elvtres. 



( 269 ) 

THE BIRDS OF YUNNAN. 
By COLLINGWOOD INGRAM. 

iKTKODUCriON. 

IN the summer of 1910 Mr. Alan Owston sent a Japanese collector to Sontheni 
Yunnan, S.W. ('Iiina. It seems that this man {,'ot together a fairly large 
and representative collection of birds' skins, bnt, unfortunately, the majority 
of these fell into dishonest hands and only a small proportion reached their 
dghtful owner. The few hundred specimens received by Mr. Owston — and 
afterwards generously jilaced at my disposal — form tlie nuclens of the present 
paper. These birds, with Mr. Rothschild's kind permission, I have named and 
compared at the Tring Zoological Museum, where this collection is now placed. 

With the idea of making the list of the birds of this province as complete 
and as useful as jiossible, I have decided to add all the species met with by 
previous collectors. In tliis work I have been materially assisted by Mr. Wells, 
of the Natural History Museum ; iu fact, he is largely responsible for the data 
relating to Colonel llippon's skins and for the naming of many of his specimens, 
all of which are now preserved in the National (Collection. Other birds have 
been included on the authority of the following vtriters : Dr. J. Anderson (Zoo- 
logical Results of the two Expeditions to Western Viainan : Aves, London, 1878) ; 
Mr. Ogilvie-Grant (" On the Birds collected by Capt. A. W. S. Wingate in South 
China," Ibis, 19U0, pp. 573 et seq.); and finally, M. E. Oustalet {Bulletin du, 
Museum d'Histoire Nuturelle, Paris, 1896, 1897, 1898 ; and Noucelles Archives du. 
Museum d'Histoire NatureUe, 1901). Unfortunately, Oustalet gives no dates or 
localities in his short " Note sur les Oiseaux recueillis dans le Yunnan par le 
Prince Henri d'Orlems, dans le cours de son dernier voyage du Tonkin au.K 
Indes " {Bull. Mus. Paris, 1896, p. 183). This is much to be regretted, for the 
Prince did not confine his energies to Yunnan alone. There is, however, 
little doubt that in the paper cited above Oustalet intends to refer solely to thj 
species collected in the province under notice, for he adds : " E:i ajoutant ces 90 
especes aux 11.5 espfeces f|u'And_'rson avait rencontrees precede miuent dans 
I'onest de la m^me province, nous obtenons un total de 30.5, chiffre dejA con- 
sidi'rable, mais qui ne represente certainement pas encore la totalite de la taune 
ornithologique du Yunnan." 

It will be seen that Oustalet's surmise was perfectly correct, and his total 
of 21)7) has already grown to 352, and it is quite certain that this figure will 
be further increased when the country becomes more " opened up "' and other 
collections are brought together. 

But Yunnan is still a comparatively little known land, for not only is it 
extremely mountainous, and consequently difficult to travel over, but the inhabit- 
ants in many districts are notoriously hostile and strongly resent any attempt to 
explore their territory.* In the extreme north-west corner of the province the 
summits of the ranges are said to rise to 15,000 or 20,000 ft. above the sea-level and 
the lowest river valleys are 7,000 ft. From here the heights decrease fairly regularly 

* Mr. Owston's collector was very roughly handled, and but narrowly escaped with his life. 



( 2:<i ) 

till th(> hill-tops rnii dowu to as low as 5,00(1 ft. iu the south of Yunnan. The 
eastern lialf of the jiroviuee is somewhat K>ss luoiintainoiis, and here the country 
is more of the uaturo of a plateau, plains are more numerous, and man)- of them 
contain lakes of considerable extent (cf. Major Davies' Yitn-nan). From June 
to .September inclusive there is seeming!\- a heavy rainftill in all but the northern 
portions of the province. 

The sheltered valleys, mostly running north and south, are said to contain a 
rich tropical vegetation (cf Franchet, Ball. Miis. Puri.-t, 1890, p. UOi, so that it 
is hardly surprising to find the avifauna of Southern Yunnan approaching that 
of the adjoining countries, Burma and Tonkin ; while the birds met with in tiie 
north of the province are naturally not unlike those of Tibet and the connecting 
Himalayan chains. 

Tlie name in parentheses after the entry of each sjiecies indicates the collector 
or the collection iu which the example may now be found. 

1. Francolinus chinensis (Osbeck). 

Salwin Valley, AV. Yunnan, 1. v. 00. (Rippon). 

Also obtained by Wingate, Ching-tung, Yunnan, March 8, 1899 (cf. Ibis, 
1900, p. 605). 

2. Ithagenes cnientus (Hardw.). 

Cited by Oustalet as having been obtained by Prince Henry of Orleans in 
Yunnan {Bull. Mus. Paris, 1896, p. 185). 

Sharpe {Handl. i. p. 33) gives " Himalayas, Nepal to Bhutan and Thibet " as 
its range. 

3. Tragopan temmincki (J. E. Gray). 

Also said to have been taken by Prince Henry of Orleans in Yunnan 
{op. cit.). 

4. Pucrasia meyeri Mad. 

Obtained by Prince Henry of Orleans {op. cit.), jjrobably in the valley of the 
Upper Mekong (N.W. Yunnan). 

5. Gennaeus andersoni (Elliot). 

Mentioned in Oustalet's list of the birds collected in Yunnan by Prince 
Henry of Orleans {op. cit.). 

As Sharpe {Ilandl. i. p. 36) gives the Kachin Hills as the only habitat of this 
bird, it is probable that the Prince's specimens (if they came from Yunnan at all) 
■were obtained in the extreme north-west of that jirovince. 

6. Gennaeus nycthemerus (Linn.). 
S ad. ; S.W. Yunnan, April 1899 (Wingate). 

T. Bambusicola fytchii Anders. 

Aoderson, Wesirm Ynmiiiii. ii. p. dTA. pi. liv. 

Anderson states {op. cit.) that in March 1868 this bird was to be found on 
the old rice clearings on the hillsi<hs at Ponsec, near the Burmese frontier. 



( a:l ) 

8. Phasianus elegans Elliot. 

Phasianiis xludeui Anderson, Western Yinimiii, ii. p. 071. 

From a coloured sketch sent home lij- Mr. Owston's collector, it seems that 
this pheasant occurs also near Mougtse, in the south of the province. 

;•. Calophasis burmanicus Gates. 

Chutung Yangpi Road, 21.iii. 02 (Rippon). 

The single specimen in the British Museum has been wrongly identified as 
U. ellioti ; it is without doubt a female of C. burmanicus. 

10. Chrysolophus amherstiae Leadb. 

? acL ; Ching-tung, Yunnan, March isoy (Wingatej. 

Anderson also met with this handsome species on the hills between Sanda and 
Momien (cf. Western Yunnan, p. 671). 

11. Gallus ferrugineus Gmel. 

Gallusferriigineua Anderson, Wfi^tern Yunmin^ ii. p. 6f)9. 

Anderson shot one in W. Yunnan on March 13, 1868 (op. cit.). 
Capt. Wingate also procured this bird at Wei-yuan, S. Yunnan, on March 1.5, 
1898 (cf. /to, 1900). 

12. Turnix pugnax taigoor Sykes. 

Tnriii J- jilvmhijjps AadersoD, Western Ynn/nni, ii. p. (173. 

A single specimen from Muangla, 10. vii 68 (Anderson). 

13. Carpophaga badia (Raftl.). 

Capt. Wingate obtained an adult sjiecimen in S.W. Yunnan in April 1899 (cf. 
Ibis, 1900, p. 605). 

14. Sphenocercus sphenurus (Vig.). 

15. Columba leuconota Vig. 

16. Columba hodgsoni (Vig.). 

All three species obtained by Prince Henry of Orleans (cf. Bull. Mus. cTHist. 
Nat. Paris, 1896, p. 185). 

17. Turtur orientalis Latham. 

Anderson, Western Yiciuian, p. 66G. 

According to Anderson (op. cit.) this species is common in W. Yunnan. 

18. Turtur humilis (Temm.). 

cf ?; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, April 191(1 (Owston). 



(272 ) 

19. Turtur chinensis (Scop.). 

<S ? ; Mongtse, Yunnan, April, June 191(} (Owston). 

These agree with T. chinensis fairly well, bat have indications of dark median 
streaks on the upper wing-coverts, an 1 in one example the under tail-coverts are 
almost white ; in fact, they appear intermediate between T. chineimix and tigrinaa. 
I understand there is a specimen identified as tiyrinus in the Britisii Mnseum from 
Lichians, collected by Ripjwn, but I have not been able to examine this bird. 

Anderson likewise identified the birds obtained by him in Western Yunnan as 
T. figrimis (cf. Western Yunntnt, ii. p. 66.")). 

2ii. Hypotaenidia striata siibsp. ? 

t? ? ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, May 1910 (Owston). 

Anderson states that this Rail is common in tlie Sanda Valley, W. Yunnan 
(cf. Western Yunnan ii. ]). 692). 

I have not been able to decide whether jmii/i and ijtilaris are separable, but in 
any case I cannot agree with Ur. Sharpe when he unites these forms with the 
typical Philippine bird, //. striata. The latter is certainly distinguishable from 
the races found in Formosa, Java, and on the mainland, being a smaller bird 
with darker plumage. 

21. Porzana pusilla auricularis (lleichenb.). 

4 cJ(J, 1 ? ; Mongtse, 8. Ynnnan, May 4-23, 1910 (Owston). 

May 23 is probably a late date to find this bird so far south. Sharpe {Hand- 
list, vol. i. p. 102) states that it is a winter visitant to China, the Philippine Islands, 
and the Indian Peninsulas. 

22. Porzana bicolor ^Valden. 

Lichiaug Valley, W. Yunnan, 10. iv. OG (Rippon). 

Sharpe {Handlist, vol. i. p. 102) gives E. Himalayas to Manipnr as the range. 

1 have not examined the ab )ve-mentionel specimen, but Mr. Wells, of the 
British Museum, informs me that it agrees exactly with typical examples of 
P. bicolor. 

23. Limnobaenus fuscus (Linn.). 

2 Si ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, May 191u (Nos. ITS, 194), (Owston). 
Obtained also in Sanda Valley and at Momien, \V. Yunnan, by Anderson in 

June 1868. 

24. Amaurornis phoenicura (Forster). 

Shayang, Yangchang Road, 27. iv. (tO (Rippon). 

Taken also by Prince Henry of Orleans (cf. Ball. Mus. Paris, 1896, p. 185). 

25. Gallinula chloropus orientalis Horsf. 

Gallimtla cJdnrupux Anderson, Wexleni Yunnan^ ii. p. Ci'.li. 

2 ? ? ; Mongtse, S. Ynnnan, May 1910 (Nos. 142, 146), (Owston). 

The Moorhen is stated by Anderson to be common in Western Ynnnan {op. cit.). 



(273) 
26. Podiceps flnviatilis philippensis (Bonn.). 

Podiceps jihilippeiisis Anderson, ]Ve<>fr7i Ynn/mii, p. 7l)'j. 

Anderson (op. cit.) asserts that this species is common at the foot of the 
Kakhyer Hills and at Momien (W. Ynnnan). 

27. Sterna melanogaster Temm. 

Sleniajm'aiiiia Anderson, Western Yuiiimn, p. 094. 

A single specimen, Muangla, 18. v. 68 (Anderson). 

28. Larus gelastes Thienem. 
Talifu Valley, W. Yunnan, 1.5. ii. 06 (Rippon). 

29. Sarcogrammus atrinuchalis (Jerd.). 
Talifu Valley, W. Ynnnan (Rippon). 

30. Microsarcops cinereus (Blyth). 
c? ; Ynnnan Uity, E. Ynnnan, T. ii. !)9 (Wingate). 

31. Hoplopterus ventralis Wagl. 

Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 67.5. 

A single specimen, Muangla, W. Ynnnan, 21. v. 68 (Anderson). 

32. Charadrius dominicus fulvus Gm. 

Recorded by Onstalet as having been obtained by Prince Henry of Orleans in 
Yunnan (of. Bull. Mas. d'Bist. Nat. Paris, 1896, p. 185). 

33. Charadrius dubius (Scop.). 

Anderson, Westarn Yunnan, p. 676. 

Three specimens from Mnangla, W. Ynnnan, 22. v. 68 (Anderson). 

34. Tringa fusca (Linn.). 

2 SS ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, May 1910 (Owston). 
Both in black breeding plumage. 

35. Tringa ocrophus Linn. 
Lichiaug Valley, W. Ynnnan, 6. iv. 06 (Rippon). 

36. Tringa hypoleuca (Linn.). 

Ch utung Valley,!", iii. 02 (Rippon). 
Talifu Valley, 16. iv. 02 (Rippon). 

Also represented in Prince Henry of Orleans' Yunnan collection (Oustalefc, 
Bull. Mils. (I'lJist. Nat. Paris, 1896, p. 185). 



( 274 ) 

37. Gallinago solitaria Hodgs. 

Yaugtse big bend, 17. iii. 00 (Rippon). 
Lichiang Valley, 10. iv. U6 (Ripjiou). 

[Major Davies, in his work on Ynnnan, mentions having shot a Woodcock 
{Scolopax rusticola) in the extreme north of the province.] 

38. Gallinago gallinago (Liun.). 
Near Ynnnan City, E. Yunnan, 1. ii. 99 (Wiugate). 

39. Rostratula capensis (Linn.). 

Ehytichaea beitgalensis, Anderson, W. Yiiiinan, p. 68.3. 

3 cJcJ, 1 ? ; Mongtse, S. Ynnnan, May 1910 (Owston). 
cj ; Momien, 4. vi. 08 (Anderson). 

40. Grus grus (Linn.). 
<? ; Near Yunnan City, E. Yunnan, 7. ii. 99 (Wingate). 

41. Grus nigricoUis Irjev. 
c? ; near Yunnan City, 1. ii. 99 (Wingate). 

42. [Grus collaris Bodd. 

Anderson ( West Yuiukui ii. p. 084) states that he saw numbers of these birds 
passing over his camp at Ponsee in the direction of the Burmese valley, but he did 
not secure a specimen.] 

43. Graphtocephalus davisoni (Home). 
S ad. ; iS.W. Yunnan, April 1899 (Wingate). 

44. Ciconia nigra Linn. 
S ; near Ching-tnng, 9. iii. 99 (Wingate). 

45. Garzetta garzetta (Linn.). 

<J ad. ; Yuan-chn, AVn-ho River, W. Yunnan (Wingate). 

Also observed by Anderson near Maangla (cf. W. i'li/inan, ii. p. 098). 

40. Herodias intermedia Wagler. 

Anderson mentions having seen this Egret near Muangla in May 1808 (cf. 
Western Yunnan, ii. p. 09S). 

47. Ardeola bacchus (Bp.). 
<J imni. ; near Yunnan City, E. Yunnan, 7. ii. 98 (Wingate). 

48. Butorides javanica javanica (Horsf.). 
S ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, May 19li) (Owston). 



( aT5 ) 

49. Ardetta sinensis (Gni.). 
(? ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, May 1910 (Owston). 

50. Bubulcus coromandus (Bodd.). 

Biiphiis curomandus, Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 688. 

Three specimens; Muangla, AV. Yunnan, 18, 19, and 22 May, 1868 (Anderson). 

51. Ardetta cinnamomea (Gm.). 

c? ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, May 1!»](» (Owston). 
Sanda, 28. vii. 68 (Anderson). 

The Mongtse bird is somewhat darker cinnamon on the underside and has a 
rather shorter bill than the average cinnamomea, 

52. Nettopus coromandelianus (Gm.). 
(S ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, May 1010 (Owston). 

53. Tadorna casarca (Linn.). 

Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. (iilO. 

Stated by Anderson to be common in the Sanda valley, "W. Yunnan (op. cil.). 

54. Anas platyrhyncha platyrhyncha L. 
<S ; Talifu Valley, 13. ii. UO (Rippon). 

55. Merganser merganser (Linn.). 
Talifu, W. Yunnan, 5. ii. 06 (Rippon). 

56. Phalacrocorax javanicus Steph. 

Phalaerocorax pygmaeua, Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 097. 

Anderson says {op. cit.) that this bird was very common in the Sanda Valley, 
and that at Muangla (W. Yunnan) on May 22, 1868, it was occupying a large 
tree along with G. gaxetta and H. intermedia. 

[In Major Davies' work on Yunnan there is a photograph of Cormorant fishers 
in the Chien-ch'ang Valley, jiroving that these birds are used by the Yunnanese 
for fishing purposes. In the Field (December 1908) I have fully described the 
methods employed in Japan for using these birds on swift-running streams.] 

57. Circus melanoleucus (Forster). 

Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 572. pis, xlv. and xlvi. 

A single immature specimen, Muangla, W. Yunnan, May ISUS (Anderson), 
p. 245. 

58. Circus cyaneus (Linn.). 

Capt. Wingate procured specimens in S.W. Yunnan, April ItSOO (cf. /bis, 1900, 
p. 600). 



(276 ) 

59. Accipiter nisus (Linii.). 

cJ ; Mongtse, S. Ynniian, April 1910 (Owston). 

? ad. ; 8.W. Yuniiaa (Wingate). 

Also obtained by Prince Henry of Orleans (Oustalet). 

fio. Buteo plumipes (Hodgs.). 

Capt. Wingate obtained an adnlt male near Yunnan City on February 5, 
1899 (cf. Ibis, 1900, p. 601). 

61. Elanus caeruleus (Desf.). 

Anderson, WesUrn Yunnan, p. .^72. 

3; Moniien, 0. vi. (18 (Anderson). 

c? ad. ; near Yunnan City, 6. ii. 99 (Wingate). 

62. Milvus melanotis Temm. and Scbl. 

Anderson, Western Ynnnan, p. 574. 

(? juv. ; Momien, 23. vi. 68 (Anderson). 
? imm. ; Momien, 7. vii.68 (Anderson). 

63. Falco subbuteo streichi Hart, and Neuiu. 

Fako mbbuteo streichi Hart, and Neum., ,/./. 0. 1907. p. 592. 
Falco subbutt'o Anderson, Western Yimimn, ii. p. 569. 

Apparently breeding near Momien, as Anderson (pp. ci't.) says be obtained 
a yonng specimen from that jilace in June. Doubtless referable to this form. 

64. Cerchneis tinnunculus japonicus (Temm. and Schl.). 

Falco t. japonicus Temm. and Schl. Fiwn. Jap. Aces, p. 2. pis. I. 1 B. 

?; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, April 1910 (Owston). 

This female agrees well with Japanese specimens. The birds collected by 
Prince Henry of Orleans, and described ai C. iinnuiicalus by Oustalet, in ail 
probability also belong to this race (cf. Bull. Mas. Paris, 1896, p. 184). 

()•"). Cerchneis saturata Blyth. 

Cerchneis satiirnia Blyth. J.A.S.li. xxviii. p. 277 ; id. Ibis, 18(!l). p. 238. 

(? in moult; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, July 1910, No. 309 (Owston). 

cJ juv. ; Momien, June 1868 (Owston). 

Compared witli European specimens this e.Kample is rather dark, and has 
blacker quills ; it may belong to saturata of Blyth. An adult male obtained by 
Wingate near Yunnan City, February 6, 18.»9, was also tliought by Mr. Ogilvie 
Grant to belong to this form (cf. Uis, 1900, p. 601). 

60. Bubo bubo 8nl)sp. ? 

Cf. Anderson, Western Yunnun, p. 576. 

¥ ; Momien, 1. vii. 08. 



( '^" ) 

67. Otus lempiji erythrocampe (Swinlioe). 

Scops erythrocampe Swinhoe, Ibis. 1H74, p. 2()',l. 

S; Mongtse, Yunuan, Jul}' 1910 (Owstoii). 

This single specimen, killed dnring its moult, and in not verj' good condition, 
agrees fairly well with Swinlioe's description of the Cantonese bird, thongh it 
apiiears somewhat smaller. (The wing of the Yunnan bird, a male, measures 
only (')•() inches, whereas Swinhoe's, not sexed, measured 7 inches.) It has clear 
indications of " the patch of brown round the eye, continuing backwards to the 
ear-tufts," referred to by Swinhoe. 

08. Glaucidium brodiei (Burton). 
Gyi-dzin-Shan, 13. iv. 02 (Rippon). 

Obtained also by Prince Henry of Orleans (cf. Bull. Mas. d' Hist. Nat. Paris, 
1896, p. 184). 

69. Palaeornis derbyanus salvadorii (Oust.). 

(Jad. ; Ching-tnug, Yunnan, 13. iii. 99 (Wiugate). 

Also included in Oustalet's list of Yunnan birds obtained by Prince Henry 
of Orleans (Bull. Mas. d'Hist. JSat. Paris, 1896, p. 184). 

70. Palaeornis fasciata (J. L. S. Miiller). 

Capt. Wiugate procured a specimen in S.W. Yunnan in April 1899 {Ibis, 190O, 
p. 599). 

71. Palaeornis cyanocephala (Linn.). 

Anderson, Weniern Yunnan, p. 508. 

i^cTjuv. ; Momien, W. Yunnan, July 1 and lo, 1868 (Anderson). 

72. Coracias affinis McClelland. 

Anderson, Western i'lninan, p. 581. 

Three specimens from Sanda Valley, W. Yunnan, May 1868 (Anderson). 
<?ad.; Ching-tung, Yunnan, 8. iii. 99 (Wingate). 

73. Alcedo ispida bengalensis dm. 

A single specimen, Mnangla, 18. v. 08 (.Anderson), 
2<S(S; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, April, May 1910 (Owston). 
Valley east of Talifu, 29. iii. 02 (Rippon). 

74. Halcyon smyrnensis fusca (Bodd.). 

Hartert, Nm: Zoo!, xvii. (1910) p. 215. 

5 c?cJad., 1 nnse.xed juv. ; Mongtse, 8. Yunnan, May — July 1910 (Owston). 
(3 ad. ; MOug-Kon, S. Yunnan, 2. iv. 99 (Wingate). 

75. Merops orientalis birmanus Neum. 

Aferops virkli.^ Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 582. 

Mernps riridis bir?nan(is Neum., Orn. .Monatsber. IIHO. p. 80. 

Cf. Hart., Vbg. Pal Fauna, vol. ii. pt. i. p. 804. 

A single specimen, 8auda Valley, W. Yunnan, 5. v. 08 (Anderson). 
(J ad.; CIn'ng-tung, Yunnan, 9. iii. 99 (Wingate). 



( 278 ) 

76. Merops philippinus Liim. 

Eleven specimens collected at Mongtse, S. Yunnan, in March, April, and 
.May 1910 (Owston). 

77. Melittophagus swinhoii (Hume). 
(S ; Mong-sen, S. Yunnan, 22. ill. 'J'.J (Wiiigute). 

78. Upupa epops saturata Lunnb. ? 

Upiipa (pnps satnruttt Lcinnberg, Arkir./iir Znnlnrji. v. no. '.I. p. 2'.l. ISOO. 
Hart., Vug. I'al. Fdiiiui, vol. ii, pt. i. p. 8li9. 

4 cJc?, 1 ? ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, April, June, 1910 (Owston). 

These specimens have very soiled plumage. By their dark upper parts they 
are apjiareutly referable to the Siberian race. Prince Henry of Orleans also 
obtained specimens of a Hoopoe during his Yuunau explorations (Oustalet). 

79. Caprimulgus monticola Fraukl. 

S; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, .July 5, 1910 (Owston). 
In very poor condition. 

80. Caprimulgus indicus jotaka Temm. and Schleg. 

Anderson, Western Yunnan^ ii. p. 588. 

(? ; Ponsee, 19. iv. 68 (Anderson). 

81. Apus aflBnis subfurcatus (Blyth). 
4 (StS, 2 ? ?; Mongtse, Yunnan, May, June 1910 (Owston). 

82. Surniculus lugubris (Horsf.). 

Anderson, Weafcrit Yunnan, p. 587. 

One specimen, Ponsee, 21.iv. 68 (Anderson). 

83. Cuculus canorus Linn. 

Anderson, Wentern Yunnan, p. 586. 

<J; Ponsee, 21.iv. 68 (Anderson). 

(J ad. ; S.W. Yunnan, April 1899 (Wingate). 

84. Cuculus poliocephalus Latli. 

Included in Prince Henry of Orleans' Yunnan collection (cf. JJidl. Mas. (Vlliat. 
Nat. Paris, 1896, p. 184). 



85. Cuculus optatus (Jonld. 

p/. f^oc. Loiul. pt. .\iii. 1H15. p. 18 
Fauiui. vol. ii. pt. i. p. 'J4'.l. 

2 ? ?; Mongtse, S. Ynnnan, May 1910 (Owston). 



Ciicuhin npUHnis Gould, Proi: Zool. Soc. Loiul. pt. .\iii. IH 15. p. 18 
Cucnlns optatux Mart., i'iig. Pal, Fauwi. vol. ii. pt. i. p. 'J4'.l. 



( 279 ) 
86. Cacomantis menilinus (Scop.). 

Caeonianth rufioentris Anderson, West. E.rpeil. Yunnan, p. 587 (1878). 

5 <?c?, 1 ? ; MoDgtse, S. Yunnan, April, May, July 1910 (Owston). 
One specimen ; Pousee, 20. iv. 68 (Anderson). 

87. Chalcococcyx maculatus (Gmel.). 

Capt, Wingate obtained a male in S.W. Yunnan in April 1899 (cf. fhU, 1900, 
p. 598). 

88. Eudynamis orientalis honoratus (L.). 

3 c?c?, 4 ? ? ; Mongtse, Yunnan, May, June 1910 (Owston). 

Yuugchang, 30. iv. 06 (Rippon). 

The Yunnan specimens agree perfectly with Indian examples, both in the size 
of their bill and the length of the wing. Hainan birds have conspicuously larger 
bills, and, as Dr. Hartert has pointed out (Nov. Zool. xvii. p. 219), longer wings. 
I propose to name this Hainan form 

Eudynamis orientalis harterti subspec. nov. 
in honour of Dr. Hartert. 

Types :<:??; Hainan, 19. iii. 1902 (Tring Museum). 

89. Centropus sinensis (Steph.). 

Capt. Wingate obtained a nearly alult male at Moag-kow, S.W. Yunnan, 
April 2, 1899. 

90. Cyanops asiatica (Latham). 

Anderson, Wextem Yttmmn, ii. p. 584. 

2 SS ad.; S. Yunnan, 15. iii. 1899 (Wingate). 

91. Cyanops davisoni (Hume). 

Onstalet includes this species iu the list of birds obtained in Yunnan by Prince 
Henry of Orleans; but unfortunately gives no locality {Bull. Mas. Paris, 1896, 
p. 184). Previously it appears to have only been recorded from Central Teuasserim. 

92. Picus sordidior Ripi^n. 

Gecinus sordidior Kippon, Bull. B.O.C. xix. p. 32 (1906). 

Yangtse big bend, 25. iii. 06 (Rippon). 
Lichiang, S.iv. 06 (Rippon). 

The bird recorded from Yunnan by Onstalet under the name of Gecinus guerini 
probably refers to this form (cf. Btill. Mas. Paris, 1890, p. 184). 

93. Picus occipitalis (Vig.). 
Gyi-dzin-shan, (5. iv. 02 (Rippon). 

94. Picus striolatus Blyth. 

Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. .')8."). 

2 SS; Momien, 17. vi. 68 (Anderson). 
19 



( 280 ) 
95. Dryobates hyperythms subrufinus (Cab. and Heine). 

Hi/pojiicus hyperyfhrm Grant, His 1900 p. 59G. 

Yangtse big bend, 24-30. iii. (tG (Rippon). 
S ad.; S.W. Yunnan, April 1899 (Wingate). 
Obtained also by Prince Henry of Orleans (Onstalet). 

These birds belong probably to D. hi/prn/thrus gu/zrufiiius (cf. Hartert, Viip. 
pal. Fauna, ii. p. 92(5). 

90. Dryobates pemyi (Verr.). 
Yangtse big bend, 30. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

9". Dryobates cabanisi cabanisi (Malh.). 

Yangtse big bend, 22. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

Yangpi Valley, 21. iv. 06 „ 

2 cJcJ ad. ; near Ynnnan City, February 6 and 24, 1899 (Wingate). 

98. Dryobates atratus (Blyth). 
Capt. Wingate procured an adult male at >S.W. Ynnnan. 

99. Dryobates pygmaeus scintilliceps (Swiub.). 

lyngipicus sc'mtiUicepa Hargitt, Cal. liirili Brit. Man. xviii. p. 315 (1890). 
Drt/obate.i jiygniaiis sciiitiUlcpjj.^ Hart., Viiy. Pal. Fauna vol. ii. pt. i. p. 1)26. 

? ad. ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, July 3, 1910 (Owston). 

5 ad. ; near Ynnnan City, February 1809 (Wingate). 

Unfortunately the Owston collection contains only a single female. This is 
certainly not I), semicoronatus (which has the middle of the back barred, whilst 
D. scintilliceps has the upper back unbarred), although this is the species (cf. 
Hanfllist, vol. ii. p. 219) said to be found in Ynnnan. The specimen before me 
agrees fiiirly well with a female from Foochow, but has the bill slightly larger and 
the grey on the head reaching almost to the nape. 

There are three specimens of undoubted ]). p. scintilliceps from Ynnnan in the 
British Museum (Rippon collection). These also have large bills ; but this does not 
appear to be a very reliable characteristic in the present species, as I have seen 
a specimen from Pekin with an ecjually large bill. 

There is no reason to believe that semicoronatus ranges east of Manipur. 

Anderson's " lijngipicus rubricatus " (cf. Anderson, W. Yunnan, ii. p. 585) 
doubtless refers to the above species. 

100. Picumnus innominatus chinensis (Hargitt). 
<?; Mongtse, Yunnan, .Tuly 3, 1910 (Owston). 

101. Jynx torquilla japonica Bp. 

Hills N.E. of Talifu, 30. iii. 02 (Rippon). 

6 ad. ; S.W. Ynnnan, 9. iv. 99 (Wingate). 
Obtained also by I'rince Henry of Orleans (Oustalet). 



( 281 ) 

102. Riparia rupestris (Scop.)- 

Gapt. Wingate procured two alult males near Yaunaa City, E. Yimuaa, on 
February 24, 1899. 

103. Chelidon rustica gutturalis (Scop.). 
3 cJJ, 1 ¥ ; Mongtse, Yunnan, Jane, July 1910 (Owston). 

104. Chelidon rustica tytleri (Jerd.). 

Cf. Hart., Vug. Pal. Fauna, vol. i. p. 804. 

c?; Mongtse, Yunnan, May 4, 1910 (Owston). 

105. Cyornis tickelliae Blyth. 

Cyomis lickelli Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. G20. 

2 (?(?; Ponsee, 15.iii.68 and 23.iv. 08 (Anderson). 

106. Cyornis rubeculoides (Vigors). 

Cyornis rubeculoides Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 619. 

Four specimens from Ponsee, March 15— May 2, 1868 (Anderson). 

107. Niltava sundara Hodgs. 

Yangpi-Chntnng road, 22. iv.OO (Rippon). 

Included in Oustalel's list of the Yunnan birds obtained by Prince Henry of 
Orleans (cf. Bull. Mm. Paris, 189G, p. 185). 

108. Muscicapa latirostris (Raffles). 

S; Mongtse, Yunnan, May 1910 (Owston). 

Also included in Prince Henry of Orleans' list (Onstalet). 

109. Muscicapa narcissina xanthopygia Hay. 
¥; Mongtse, Yunnan, May 2(3, 1910 (Owston). 

110. Muscicapa strophiata Hodgs. 

Anderson, Western Ytinnan, p. 620. 

c? ; Ponsee, 28. iii. 68 (Anderson). 

111. Muscicapa sapphira Blyth. 

Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 619. 

6 ; Ponsee, 19. iv. 68 (Anderson). 

112. Muscicapa leucomelanura leucomelanura (Hodgs.). 
Lichiang Valley, 1 1 . iv. 06 (Rippon). 



( 282 ) 

113. Muscicapa melanolenca Hodgs. = maculata (Tick.). 

C'hutnng-Yiingchang road, 2(5. iv. 0(i (Uippon). 

t? ad. ; (.!hing-tung, Yiiunan, 12.iii. 99 (Wingate). 

Dr. Sliarpe {Haiu/l. iii. p. 224) gives '• E. Himalayas aud Assam, Plains of 
C. and N.E. India (winter) Tenasserim " as its range. 

This .specimen agrees with tyjiical e.xaiuples of M. melanoleuca. 

Onstalet inclndes this species in his list of birds collected by Prince Henry of 
Orleans in Ynnnan. 

114. Chelidorhynx hypoxantha (Blyth). 

t'hutnng-Yangpi road, IT. iii. 02 (Kippon). 
Gyi-dzin Shan, 31. iii. (K', 0. iv. 02 (Uippon). 

Also represented in Prince Henry of Orleans' collection {Bull. Mas. Paris, 
1896, p. 185). 

Ho. Rhipidura albicollis (VieilL). 

2 (JcJ, 1 ?; Ponsee, Marcli-May 186s (Anderson). 
4 (?<? : Mongtse, Yunnan, June, July 1910 (Owston). 

110. Rhipidura albifrontata Franklin. 

Anderson, Western Ynnnan, p. 655. 

One specimen, Ponaee, March 1868 (Anderson). 

117. Tchitrea aflSnis Blyth. 

Terpiiplwne afinin, Anderson, Western Yiinnati ii. p. Go4. 

(J juv. or ? ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, May 1910 (Owston). 

Agrees best with above, bnt to be sure of the species an adult male should be 
compared. 

118. Culicicapa ceylonensis (Swains.). 

Gyi-dzin Shan, 3. 13. iv. 02 (Rippon). 

ll't. Abromis albogularis fulvifacies Swinhoe. 

Included in Prince Henry of Orleans' list of Yunnan birds (cf Bull Miis. 
Paris, 1890, p. 184). 

120. Cryptolopha castaneiceps Hodgs. 

Talifn, Shweli divide, 2. v. (lO (Rippon j. 

This specimen seems to agree with typical C. castaneiceps, bnt Ynnnan is an 
extension of its range. It has been recorded from Nepal, Sikkim, Shillong, Dafla 
Hills, Naga Hills, and Manipur. 

Onstalet also includes this species among the birds obtained by Prince Henry 
of Orleans in Yunnan (cf Bull. Mus. Paris, 1S96. p. 185). 

121. Cryptolopha burkii tephrocephalus (Anders.). 

Culkipela teplirnce/ilidhi, Anderson, I'luc. Zuol. .Sfir, 1«71. p. 21,'i. 

Ynngpi Valley, 20. iv. 06 (Rippon). 

Obtained also by Prince Henry of Orleans (Onstalet). 



( 283 ) 
122. Abrornis superciliaris Tickell. 

Anderson, Weskrn Yuidkhi, p. 626. 

One specimen, Ponsee, 20. iv. (38 (Anderson). 

123. Abrornis ripponi Sharpe. 

Abrornis rijijinni Sharpe, Bull. B.O.C. xiii. p. 11 (i;i02). 

Ta lanpa, C'hntnng, 20. iii. iJ2 (Hippoii). 
Chutiing'-Yangjii road, 21. iii. U2 „ 
G\i-dzin iShan, I and 3. iv. 02 ,, 

124. Stoparola melanops (Vig.). 

Euinyhis /ne/itiKips Anderson, ]\'extfr/t Yuintan, p. ()22. 

3 cJc?, 1 ? ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, May, Jnne 1910 (Owston). 

2 Si; Ohing-tung, 12. iii, 99 (Wingate). 

Breeds in Western Ynnnan, for Anderson jiroenred young specimens in the 
Sanda valley in Juno and July 1808 (ojk cif.). 

125. Pericrocotus elegans (Mc('lelknd)(?) 

3 c? (? ; Ponsee, 14. iv. 68 (Anderson). 

120. Pericrocotus brevirostris (Vig.). 

i ; Ponsee, W. Ynnnan, 27. iv. 68 (Anderson). 

Talifn Valley, 21. ii. 06 (Hippon). 

Licbiaug, 11. iii. 06 ,, 

Y''angtse big bend, 30. iii. (J6 (Rippon). 

<!hntung-Yungcbnng road, 26. iv. (JO (Rippon). 

Three specimens, E. Yunnan, Feb. 1899 (Wingate). 

2 <5S, 1 ? ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, June, July 1910 (Owston). 

127. Pericrocotus roseus (Vieill.). 

2 SS; Muangia, W. Yunnan, May 1868 (Anderson). 

6 (?J, 2 ? ?; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, April, May, Jnne, July 1910 (Owston). 

128. Graucalus macei (Less.). 

Included in Oustalet's list of the birds obtained by Prince Henry of Orleans 
in Yunnan (cf. Bi/lt. .I/k.*. Paris, 1896, p. IS.")!. 

129. Campophaga melanoptera (Riipp.). 
2 di; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, Ajiril, July 191u (Owston). 

130. Chloropsis aurifrons (Teram.). 

Obtained by Prince Henry of Orleans (Oustalet, Bull. Mas. Paris, 1896, 
I'. 184j. 



( 284 ) 

131. Chloropsis hardwickei Jard. & Selby. 

Capt. VVingate procured a male at CliiD-tung, Yunnan, on March 5, 1809 
(cf. Ibis, 1900, p. 593). 

132. Hypsipetes concolor Blytli. 

Bypsipetes yuiwaueush Anderson, \Vextfrn Ytniuan, ii. p. Goti. 
Hypsipetes concolor Sharpe, Cat. Birds li.M. vi. p. 38. 

<?; Ponsee, 12. iii. 68 (Anderson). 

? ad.; Wei-3uan, S. Yunnan, 15. iii. 99 (Wingate). 

133. Hypsipetes leucocephalus (Gmel.). 

Capt. Wingate procured a raalo at Mong-sen, S. Yunnan, on March 22, 1899 
(cf. Ibis, 1900, p. 594). 

134. Hemixus flavala Hodgson. 

Anderson, Westrru Yunnan, p. 657. 

~ 66; Ponsee, 3. iv. 68 (Anderson). 

<? ad.; MOng-kou, 8. Yunnan, April 1899 (Wingate). 

135. lole holti Swinhoe, or subsp. 
Cf. Hartert, Nor. Zoo!. 1902. p. 558. 

<?; Mongtse, Yunnan, June 27, 1910 (Owston). 

The single male agrees well with specimens from Foochow, with the excep- 
tion of the abdomen being slightly paler, thus approaching 7. //. hinghami, which, 
however, has a still paler abdomen and longer wing. There are several Yunnan 
birds in the British Blusenm collected by Rippon. These, in the length of their 
wing and rather pale nnderparts also apj)roach binghami. 

Their wings vary in length from 107 to 113 mm. 

136. Criniger tephrogenys henrici Oust. 

Bull. Mus. Paris, 189G. p. 185. 

Found by Prince Henry of Orleans between Mauhao and Semao, S. Yunnan, 

137. Pycnonotus atricapillus (Yieill.). 

3 (J<? ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, April, May 1910 (Owston). 
<J ad.; Ching-tung, Yunnan, 5. iii. 99 (Wingate). 

2 c?c? ad.; MOng-sen, S. Yunnan, March 1899 (Wingate). 

138. Pycnonotus xanthorrhous J. Anderson. 

3 cJc?, 3 ? ? ; Mongtse, 8. Yunnan, May, July 1910 (Owston). 

3 c?<?; Sanda Valley and Momien, W. Yunnan, May — Jane 1868 (Anderson). 



( 285 ) 
139. Pycnonotus bunnanicus Sharps. 

Pyaionotus iiigripileus Anderson, Western Yiiiiiuni, p. OiiH. 
£?, ?; Fonsee, l.iii. 68 (Anderson). 
? ; Muangia, W. Yunnan, 26. vii. 68 (Anderson). 
Talifn Shweli divide, 2. v. 06 (Uippon). 
S.W. Yunnan, April 1899 (Wingate). 

1411. Pycnonotus flavescens (Blyth). 

Anderson, Western Yunnan^ p. (351). 

One specimen, Fonsee, 27. iii. 68. 

141. Otocompsa flaviventris (Tickell). 

According to Oustelet this species was obtained liy Prince Henry of Orleans 
in Yunnan {Bull. Mas. Paris, 1896, p. 184). 

142. Spizixus canifrons Blyth. ? 

J.A.S. Bemjal, xx. p. 520 : Khasia Hills. 

2 cJ<?, 1 ? ; Mongtse, S. Y'unnan, July 2, 1910 (Owston). 

These are apparently immature birds, having the crest slaty grey instead of 
black, and the crown washed with golden green. They are also very small, 
measuring as follows: Wing, 87 — 90 mm.; tail, 92 — 97 mm. The British Museum 
contains a large series of this species. I find that specimens collected in Western 
Yunnan and the Southern Siian States, when compared with others from Manipnr 
and Assam, appear to be generally darker, especially on the under surface. This 
part is more heavily washed with olive-green, and the belly is not bright golden 
3'ellow, as is the case with typical examples from Manipnr. The throat is greyer, 
and usually lacks the brownish tinge found in the true S. canifrons. Fearing 
that these diiferences may possibly be due to seasonal changes, I have refrained 
from describing the bird as new. 

143. lanthocincla lanceolata yunnanensis Rippon. 

Bahax yunnanemis Rippon, Bull. B.O.C. xv. p. IHi (1905). 

lanthocinrla lanceolatiia ifitJiminenxtA Hart., Vitfj, Pal. Fauna vol. i. p. 028. 

Chutung-Yangpi, W. Yunnan, 1. ii. 06 (Rippon). 

Lichiang Valley, 14. iv. 06 (Rippon). 

Salwin-Shweli divide, 2. v. 06 „ 

There is no label on liippon's "1902" specimen in the British Museum, 
but when describing the bird in the Bull. B.O.C. (cited above) the writer gives 
" Hills east of Leug-yueh, W. Yunnan, 7000 ft.," as the locality. This form has 
been separated from B. lanceolata by llippon on account of the feathers at the 
base of the bill being chestnut instead of black. Prince Henry of Orleans pro- 
cured specimens which Oustalet identified as B. lanceolata (cf. Bull. Mas. Paris, 
1896, p. 184). 

144. lanthocincla squamata (Gould). 

Prince Henry of Orleans procured an e.xample which Oustalet records as 
above (cf. Bull. Mus. Paris, 1896, p. 184), 



( 286 ) 

14."). lanthocincla canora (Linn.). 

(J; Mongtse, Ynnnaii, Aju-il 18, 1910 (Owston). 

146. lanthocincla (Trochalopteron) ellioti ynnnanensis (Rippon). 

Trochalopleron yunnaiieiite Rippon, Hull. H.O.C. xi.\. p. M (1906). 

Yangtse big l)encl, W. Yunnan. '^2 and '2'A. iii. (i6 (Rippou). 

TaliCn Valley, 10 — 26. ii. 06, 2u. iii. iiC) (Rijjpon). 

Licbiang, \2. iii. 06, 21. iii. 06 „ 

Shayang-Cliutung road, 15. iii. 02 „ 

A rather doubtful subspecies separated by Rippon from ellioti on acconnt 
of its sup|)ose(l darker coloration. Prince Henry of Orleans procured a bird 
which Oustalet recorded as Trochalopteron (lanthocinclu) ellioti (cf. Hull. Mus. 
Paris, 1806, p. 1,S4). 

147. lanthocincla bieti (Oast.). 

laiilliocim-la bieti Oustalet, Bull. .\Iiis. Pinis, ill. p. IGa (1897). 

Oustalet described this bird from a single nnsexed specimen obtained by 
Prince Henry of Orleans. Subsequently other examples came to hand from 
Tsekou, collected by M. Soulic (cf. Xoi/r. Arch. Mus. il'Hist. Nat. Paris, lOol, 
p. 278). 

148. lanthocincla cinereiceps styani Oust. 

Trochalopleron styani Oustalet, Bull. Mus. Pari.i, 1H9K. No. G. p. 221). 

Gyi-dzin Shan, 3. iv. 02, 7. iv. 02, 8. iv. 02, ll.iv.02 (Rii^pon). 
Lichiang Valley, W. Yunnan, 2. iv. 06, 10. iv. 06 „ • 

M. Soulie also met with this species at Tsekou, N.W. Yunnan (Oustalet, 
op. cit. p. 224). 

140. lanthocincla aflSnis oustaleti (Hart.). 

Hartert, I'lVyf? Pul. Faun. i. p. r..S:i (I'.(IO) : Tsekou, Yunnan. 
Lichiang Valley, 10. iv. 1906 (Uijipon). 

loll. lanthocincla maxima (Verr.). 
Yangtse big bend, W. Yunnan, 23.iii. Ii6 (Ri[)])on). 

151. Pomatorhinus macclellandi gfravivox David. 

A single ? in worn jilumage collected at Mongtse, Yunnan, on July 9, 1910 
(Owston). 

i ad. ; Yunnan City, <>. ii. 99 (Wingate). 

? ad. ; S.^\'. Yunnan, April ls99 (Wingate). 

Oustalet's list of birds obtained by Prince Henry of Orleans in Yunnan (Jiull. 
Mus. Paris, 1896 p. 184) includes " Pomatorhinus Macclellandi, var. Armandi 
(Oust.)?" Dr. Hartert places this "var. Armandi" in the synonomy of the 
Tibetan form P. m. dedehensi Onst. (the author, by the way, subseiinently with- 
drew both of these " varieties " [Bull. Mus. Paris, 1898. p. 255]), which is doubtless 
the race occurring in Northern Yunnan. 



( 287 ) 
1 52. Pomatorhinus erythrogenys ferrugilatus Hodg8. (?) 

P. erijihrngeni/s Vig., Anderson, Wenteni Yunnan, p. 034. 

One specimen, Moraien, 3. vi. 68 (Anderson;. 

Anderson's remarks indicate that, his specimen is referable to this race and 
not to F. eiyt/iroffeni/s proper, which is fonnd in the North-Westeni Himalayas. 

153. Pomatorhinus ruficollis styani Seebohm. 

P. rujienllh Hodgs., Anderson, Westej'n Yuitmut, p. I)3.S. 

One specimen, Momien, 29. v. 68 (Anderson). 

Oustalet {Bull. Mii.'i. Paris, 1898, p. 256) questions the validity of Seebohm's 
bird, bnt Dr. Hartert upholds it in his I'tii/. Pnl. F. (vol. i. p. 639). If a good 
form, Anderson's solitary specimen and those procured by M. Soulie at Tsekou (N. W. 
Yunnan), are doubtless referable to it, rather than to the typical Nepalese bird. 

154. Garrulax leucolophus. 
? ad. ; Mong-Kou, S. Yunnan, April 1899 (Wingate). 

155. Garrulax albigularis (iouhl. 

156. Garrulax pectoralis Gonkl. 

Both species included in Oustalet's list of birds obtained in Yunnan by Prince 
Henry of Orleans (cf. Full. Mus. Paris, 1896, p. 184). 

157. Dryonastes sannio (Swinh.). 

Gari-ulax mnnio Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 627. 

Two, Muangla, July 1868 (Anderson). 

8 (?c?, ? ? ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, March, April, July, 1910 (Owston). 
One of the Mongtse specimens in abraded plumage collected in July has the 
upper side strongly washed with rufous, the others all being olive- brown. 

158. Pyctorhis sinensis (Gmel.). 

A series of eight specimens taken at Jlougtze, Yunnan, in April, May, June, 
1910 (Owston). 

c? ad. ; Ching-tung, Yunnan, 9. iii. 99 (Wingate). 

Most of these Yunnan birds agree fairly well with Burmese specimens inas- 
much as they have the vinous wash on the head extending well down over the 
nape and shoulders. The liack and rump are reddish brown while the wings are 
very bright rufous. In examjiles from Assam the vinous tints are confined to the 
crown of the head, which appears darker by contrast to the back and rump, these 
parts being paler and more olivaceous, instead of rufous-brown. This bird was 
also procured by Eijipon in W. Yunnan and by I'rince Henry of Orleans. 

159. Corythocichla brevicaudata (Blyth). 

Salwin Valley, W. Yunnan, 1. v. 06 (Kippon). 

The above specimen atrrees well with the typical C. brevicaur/ata, the habitat 
of which is given in JShurpe's Handlist (vol. iv. p. 42) as Tenasserim. 



( 288 ) 

100. Alcippe fratercula Rippon. 
Talifu, Shweli divide, 2. v. 0(5 (Ripi>on). 

161. Alcippe phayrei Blyth. 
Included in Prince Henr)' of Orleans' list of Yunnan birds (Oastalet). 

1G2. Proparus sordidior Rippon. 

Lichiang, W. Ynnnan, 12. iii. OG, 19. iii. Ofi (Rippon). 

Yangt.se big bend, 2. iv. 06 (Itippou). 

Licliiang Valley, 2. iv. 06, 6. iv. 00, 8. iv. 06, 10. iv. 06 (Rippon). 

163. Proparus striaticollis (Verr.). 

Fulvelta striatimllie Terr.. Oustalet, Xoiie. Arcli. Mux. Purin, 1901, p. 290. 

The Paris Museum contains three specimens from Tsekou, N.W. Yunnan (cf. 
op. cit.). 

164. Proparus vinipectus bieti Oust. 

Talifu Valley, AV. Yunnan, 23. ii. 00, 24. ii. 06, 2.5. ii. 06 (Rippon). 
Yangtse big bend, 22-27. iii. 06 (Rippon). 
Lichiang Valley, 2. iv. 06, lo. iv 06 „ 
t? ad. ; Ching-tuug, Ynnnan, 4. iii. 99 (Wingate). 

Oustalet states that this bird probably breeds near Tsekou, N. Ynnnan, where it 
is apparently common (cf. Xouc. Arch. Miis. Paris, 1901, p. 290). 
[Sharpe {Haiidl. iv. p. 45) gives Ta-Tsien-lon as habitat.] 

16.5. Proparus genestieri (Oust.). 

Alcippe geiiestieri Oustalet, B'lU. Mii.-<. Puns, 1897. p. -JIO. Of. Hartert, Nov. Zool. 1910. p. 231. 

Hills east of Yungchang, 28. i. 06 (Rippon). 

Lichiang, 14 and IT. iii. 06 „ 

Lichiang Valley, (! and 1 1. iv. 06 „ 

Yungchang-Salvin road, 29. iv. 06 „ 

3 c?<?, 2 ? ? ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, June, July 1910 (Owston). 

With one exception, the Mongtse specimens appear to be rather small. 

160. Stachyris nigriceps Hodgs. 

AQdersoD, Weslfm Yuniutn, p. G3C. 

2 <?tJ and another ; Ponsee, March, April 1868 (Anderson). 

16T. Stachyris chrysaea Blyth. 

Anderson, [Vealeni Yunnan, p. 630. 

One specimen, Ponsee, 30. iv. 68 (Anderson). 

168. Stachyrhidopsis ruficeps (Blyth) snbsp. 
Shayang, 15. iii. 02 (Rippon). 



( 289 ) 

109. Mixornis rubricapilla (Tick.). 

Included in Prince Henry of Orleans' Yiuiiian collection (Oustalet, Bull. Mils. 
Paris, 1896, p. 184). 

170. Myiophoneus eugenei Hnme. 

Talifn Valley, W. Yunnan, 14. ii. 00 (Rippon). . 

Tali River Valley, 14. iv. 06 (Rippon). 

Yangpi Valley, 20. iv. 06 „ 

Obtained also by Prince Henry of Orleans (Onstalet). 

171. Brachypteryx cruralis (Blyth). 

Included in Prince Henry of Orleans' Yunnan collection (cf. Bull. Mus. Paris, 
1896, p. 184). 

172. Actinodura souliei Oust. 

Actinoduru souliei Oustalet, Bull. Mus. Paris, 1897. p. 164. 

Described from a single specimen obtained by M. Sonlie at Tsekon, Upper 
Mekong, Yunnan. 

173. Actinodura egertoni. 

Anderson, We.itern Yunmin, p. 628. 

One specimen, Ponsee, 17. iii.68 (Anderson). 

Prince Henry of Orleans also obtained this bird in Northern Yunnan in 1896 
(cf. Onst. Xoia\ Arc//. Mus. Paris, 1901, p. 282). 

174. Ixops nipalensis (Hodgs.). 

Actinodura nipalensis Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 6"27. 

One specimen ; Ponsee, 2. iii. 08 (Anderson). 

175. Malacias desgodinsi (David & Oust.). 

S ad.; S. Y'unnan, 19. iii. 90 (Wingate). 

? ad.; Mong-sen, S. Yunnan, 21. iii. 99 (Wingate). 

Ynngcbang-Chntung road, 29. i. 0() (Rippon). 

Licbiang Valley, 6-9. iv. 06 „ 

Yungcbang-Salvin road, 29. iv. 06 „ 

Obtained also by Prince Henry of Orleans {Bull. Mas. Paris, 1896, p. 184) and 
by M. Souli(§ at Tsekon, where it is apparently common (cf. Noue. Arch. Mus. 
Paris, 1901). 

176. Malacias pulchella Godwin Austen. 

Included in Prince Henry of Orleans' Yunnan collection (cf. Bull. Mus. Paris, 
1896, p. 184. 

Range, according to Sharpe's Handlist (vol. iv. p. 60), is Naga and Daphla 
Hills only. 



( 200 ) 
177. Siva cyanuroptera wingatei Ogilvie-Grant. 

Siva wingatei 0. Grant, Bull. H.O.C. x. p. 8H (I9(JIJ— Yunnan city). 
Leiothrix cyanurnpterux Anderson, Wentern Yiimian, p. 630. 

?; Ponsee, March l8(is (Aiulerson). 

c? ad. ; Yunnan City, 27. ii. 91) (Wiugate). 

4 tJcJ, 2 ? ? ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, Jnne, Jnly 1910 (Owston). 

Onstalet {Nouv. Arch, ^f>lx. Paris, 19111) seemed to doubt the validity of 
Mr. Grant's wingatei, on the ground that several e.xamples killed by Prince Henry 
of Orleans between Mienning and Yun-chan and Ouang-kanjji (French spelling) 
appeared to him identical with the t3'pical Sita cyanuroptera. Having compared 
S. c. wingatei with S. cijanuroptera and <S. c. iordida Hume, I have come to the 
conclusion that this form is a good subspecies intermediate between the Himalayan 
and Burmese birds. Mr. Grant states {Ihis, 1900, ji. 593) that in wingatei the tips 
of the bastard wing-feathers are not tipped with white, but in some instances these 
feathers show minute points of white, thongh these are never so pronounced as la 
the trne .S'. cyanuroptera ; nor is it invariably the case that " only the inner webs 
of the outer pair of tail-feathers are white." A character in ?r//?^f//('/ that appears 
to have escaped Mr. Grant's notice is that the secondaries are never jiosteriorly 
margined with a distinct white edge, as in ci/anuroptera. S. c. sordiila is a duller 
bird, with still less white in its wings and tail. It is, of course, possible that two 
forms are found in Yunnan — .S'. cyanuroptera in the north-west and S. c. wingatei 
in the southern portions of the province. 

178. Siva strigula Hodgs. 
Recorded by Oustalet {yom: Arch. Mu.-^. fari.i, 1901, p. 292) from Tsekou, 
whence the Paris Museum received three specimens. 

179. Siva castaneicauda Hume. 
Lichiang, W. Yunnan, 13. iii. 06 ; 14. iii. no ; 16. iii. 06 (Rippon). 
Lichiang Valley, 8. iv. 06 (Rippon). 
Yangpi, Chutung, 25. iv. 06 „ 
<S ad. ; near Chiug-tung, Y'nnnan, 3. iii. 99 (Wiugate). 

Staphidia torqueola Swinh. 

[Although Onstalet includes Staphidia torqueola Swinh. in his list of the birds 
obtained in Yunnan by Prince Henry of Orleans (cf. Bull. Mus. Paris, \x'M\,\k 184), 
he afterwards admits that the Prince's specimen was obtained near Man-hao, Tonkin 
(cf. Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris, 1901, p. 289).] 

180. Yuhina gularis Hodgs. 
Specimens from Yunnan have been sent to the Paris Museum by Prince Henry 
of Orleans and by M. Soulie from Tsekou, in the extreme north of that province 
(cf. Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris, 1901, p. 291). 

181. Yuhina diademata Verr. 
The Paris Museum has received specimens from Tsekou, in the extreme north 
of Yunnan Province, and Ogilvie-Grant (/bis, 190(|, p. 592) records it from the east 
(Wiugate). 



( 291 ) 

182. Yuhina ampelina Kippon. 

Talifu Valley, W. Yunnan, 14. ii. Ofi (Rippon). 
Lichiang, 13. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

183. Yuhina occipitalis Hodgs. 
Chutnng-Yangpi road, 1. ii. (i(i (Rippon). 

184. Yuhina yangpiensis Sharpe. 
Yangpi-Talifn road, 22. iii. 02 (Rippon). 

185. Yuhina nigrimentum Hodgs. 

Fonnd at Tsekou by M. Sonlie (of. Souc. Arch. Mus. Paris, 1901, p. 291). 
Onstalet says that he can find no difference between a Bhutan specimen and those 
from N. Yunnan and Sechnan. The bird found in S.E. China has been named 
Y. pallida (cf. Bull. B.O.C. vi. 1897). 

186. Ixulus flavicoUis rouxi Oust. 

Ixulus rouxi Oust., BiiU. Mus. Paris, 18116. p. 186. 

The Paris Museum contains two examples of this bird, both from Yunnan 
Province. The type specimen was killed on the banks of the Lij-Sien-Kiang, 
March 23, 1895; the second was obtained by Prince Ileury of Orleans. 

187. Ixulus occipitalis Blyth. 

Oustalet (Xoue. Arch. Mus. Paris, 1901, p. 288) records three specimens, in 
very bad condition, from Tsekou. They are apparently referable to this Indian 
species. 

188. Leiothrix lutea lutea (Scop.). 

Leiothrix callipi/f/a Anderson, Weslern Ynitiia?!, p. 629. 

Also obtained by Prince Henry of Orleans (Oustalet). 
Six specimens; Ponsee, March 1868 (Anderson). 

189. Cutia nipalensis Hodgs. 

Included in Oustalet's list of birds collected by Prince Henry of Orleans in 
Yunnan (Bull. .!//«. Paris, 1896, p. 184). 

19(1. Pterythius aeralatus Tickell. 

Anderson, Wentern Yunnan, p. 628. pi. xlvii. fig. 1. 

cJ; Ponsee, 20. iii. 68 (Anderson). 
? ; Sanda, 27. vii. 68 „ 

191. Pterythius rufiventris (Blyth). 

Included in Prince Henry of Orleans' list of Yunnan birds (cf. Bull. Miis. Paris, 
1896, p. 185). 



(292) 

192. Pterythius pallidas David. 
Gyi-dzin Shan, 2. iv. 02 (Kii.pon). 

193. Myzornis pyrrhura Hodgs. 

In 1900 the Paris Mnsenm received a specimen of thin bird, hitlierto supposed 
to be confined to the Eastern Himalayas (Nepal, Sikkim) from Tsekon, N. Ynnnan 
(of. Nouv. Arch. Mus. Faris, 19(>1, p. 292). 

194. Mesia argentauris Hodgs. 

Leiothrix argentauris AndcrsOD, Wexlern Ynimiiii, p. (iHO. 

One specimen, Ponsee, 23. iv. 68 (Anderson). 

195. Minla igneitincta Hodgs. 

Chntnng-Yangpi road, 20. iii. ir2 (Rippon). 
Ta Ian pa, Chntung, 20. iii. 02 

Sharpe {Handl. iv. p. 67) gives the range of this bird as Nepal to Bhutan, 
Naga Hills, Manipnr, and that oi M jenloni as W. China and Sechuen. 
The above specimens agree well with .1/. igneitincta. 

196. Conostoma aemodium Hodgs. 

Onstalet states {None. Arch. Mus. Paris, 1901, p. 282) that Prince Henry of 
Orleans and M. Sonlie obtained specimens of this species from North Yniinan, 
where it is apparently not uncommon. 

197. Suthora brunnea Anderson. 

Anderson, Wextern yiuinaii, p. xli.\. 

Four specimens, Momien, 5. vi. 68 (Anderson). 

Anderson found this bird "in large flocks, some thirty and forty together," 
at an elevation of 45u0 ft. Prince Henry of Orleans subsequently obtained this 
species in the north of the province (cf Noui: Arch. Mus. Parii^, 1901, p. 283). 

198. Suthora styani (Rippon). 

Talifu Valley, 13. ii.06 (Rippon). 
Tali Valley, 15. iv. 06 „ 

199. Suthora fulvifrons cyanophrys Dav. et Onst. 

The Paris Mnsenm has received several specimens of this bird from Tsekon, 
N. Ynnnan (cf. Xom. Arch. Mug. Paris, 1901, p. 285). 



200. Suthora ruficeps atrosuperciliaris Godwin-Ansten. 

•aximii riififfpn Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 638. 
[art. Viiy. Pal. Fauna, p. 407 (Note). 

One specimen, Ponsee, 22. iv. 68 (Anderson). 



( 293 ) 
201. Spelaeomis souliei Onst. 

Cf. Bull. Mil,!. Piirh, 1898. p. 2.57. et Xo,ir. .In-li. Miis. Pum, 1901. p. 274. 
Figured Nov. Zoul. xvii. pi. 7. fig. 1. 

Onstalet described this bird from Tsekou from a unique specimen in the 
Paris Mnsenm. 

202. Anorthura nipalensis talifuensis Sharpe. 

Trogluili/les nipatensis Oustalet, Bull. Mils. I'aris, 1890. p. 184. 

Talifu Valley, W. Yunnan, 12. ii. 06 (Rippon). 
Lichiang Valley, 21. iii. 00. 2. iv. 06 „ 
Yangtse big bend, 25-30. iii. 06 „ 

Onstalet states that Prince Henry of Orleans obtained a specimen daring his 
Yunnan expedition. 

203. Cinclus pallasii souliei Oust. 

C. p. souliei Hart., Vog. Pal. Fuiina, vol. i. p. 797. 

Tali River valley, 14. iv. 06 (Rippon). 

Probably referable to this race, though a more careful comparison is needed. 

204. Turdus dauma aureus Hoi. 

Tardus vayius Pallas, Zoog. R. As. i. p. 449. 
Shan Kuan, 28. iii. 02 (Rippon). 

205. Turdus moUissimus BIyth. 
Chutuug-Yangpi road, l.ii. 06 (Rippon). 

206. Turdus pallidus Gm. 

Included in Prince Henry of Orleans' list of Yunnan birds (Onstalet, Bull. 
Mas. Paris, 1896, p. 184). 

207. Turdus castaneus gouldi (Berr.). 

Yangpi Valley, 3. ii. 06 (Rippon). 
Lichiang Valley, 10. iv. U6 „ 

In Oustalet's list of the birds obtained in Yunnan by Prince Henry of Orleans 
(cf. Bull. Mus. Paris, 1896, p. 184). 

208. Turdus protomelaenus ? (Cab.). 

A female shot at Mongtse, !S. Yunnan, on July 9, 1910, agrees fairly 
well with females of the above species, but the bill is shorter, and pale yellow 
instead of brown. 

209. Turdus merula mandarinus Bp. 
<? ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, April 1910 (Owston). 



( 294 ) 

210. Tardus fuscatus Pall. 
Chutnng-Yaiigpi road, l.ii.OO (Uippou). 

211. Turdus ruficollis ruficoUis Pall. 

Talifu Valley, 14. ii. UO (Rippou). 

Licbiang, 13. iii. 0(5 „ 

Yangtse big bend, 23. iii. i\Ci (Rippon). 

Licbiang Valley, Ki. iv. iK) „ 

Obtained also by Prince Henry of Orleans (cf. Ball. Mm. Paris, 1896). 

212. Monticola erythrogaster (Vig.). 
Gyi-dzin Shan, 11. iv. U2 (Hii)pon). 

2 1 3. Monticola solitarius pandoo (Sykes). 

Monticola cyamm, Anderson, Western Ykiiikiii, p. 611. 

Talifu Valley, W. Yunnan, 12. ii. Of,, 14. ii. OH (Rippon). 

Licbiang, iv. 06 (Rippon). 

c? ad. ; near Ynnnan City, 29. ii. 99 (Wingate). 

c? ad. ; Mong-sen, S. Yunnan, 22. iii. 99 (Wingate). 

Imm. (in spotted |)laraage), Mongtse, S. Ynnnan (Owston). 

214. Prunella immaculata (Hodgs.). 

Chntung-Yaugpi road, l.ii.OO (Riiipon). 
Yangtse big bend, 29. iii. 06. 

215. Prunella coUaris ripponi Hartert. 

Dr. Hartert describes this subspecies (cf. Voy. Pal. Faun. i. p. 766) from 
specimens collected by Col. Rippon at Gyi-dzin Shan. 

216. Prunella strophiata multistriata (David). 

Lichiang Valley, 9. iv., KJ. iv. 06 (Rippon). 
Yaugpi, Chutnng Road, 25. iv. o6 „ 
Lichiang, 19. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

These are referable to the Chinese race (fonud in the Tsin-ling Mts., Kansn 
and West Sechuan [Hart. Viiff. Pal. F. i. p. T6S] ). 

217. Enicurus sinensis Ciould. 

Henkuna shienein, Grant, ni/!, 1900. p. .'iHO. 

Lichiang Valley, W. Yunnan, S. iv. 06 (Rippon). 
Tali Valley, 15. iv. 06 (Rippon). 
Yangpi-('hutnng road, 24. iv. 06 (Rippon). 
<J ad. ; near Ynnnan City, 23. ii. 90 (Wingate). 



( 295 ) 

218. Microcichla scouleri (Vig.). 

Included in Prince Henry of Orleans' list of Yunnan birds (Oastalet, Bull. 
Mus. Paris, 1896, p. 185). 

219. Chaimarrornis leucooephala (Vig.). 
Lichiang Valley, Tali R. Valley, W. Yunnan, 14. iv.06 (Rippou). 

220. Chaimarrornis fuliginosa fuliginosa (Vig.). 
Lichiang Valley, 9. iv. 06, 11. iv. 06 (Rippon). 
Also obtained by Prince Henry of Orleans (Oustalet). 

221. Phoenicurus ochruros nifiventris (Vieill.). 
Yangtse big bend, 31. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

222. Phoenicurus auroreus leucopterus (Blyth). 
Yangtse big bend, 1. iv. 06 (Rippon). 

Lichiang Valley, 4, 9, 10. iv. 06 (Rijipon). 

These birds are probably referable to the above race (cf. Hartert, Vog. Pal. F. i. 
p. 726). Also obtained by Prince Henry of Orleans. 

223. Phoenicurus hodgsoni Moore. 
Chutnng-Yangpi road, 1. ii. 06 (Rij)pon). 
Talifn Valley, ll.ii.06, 12.ii.06, 15.ii.06 (Rippon). 
Lichiang, 21. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

224. Phoenicurus schisticeps (Gray). 
Lichiang, 17. iii. 00, 18. iii. 00, 19. iii.iiG (Kippon). 
Y'angtse big bend, 24. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

225. Phoenicurus frontalis Vig. 

RulicUla fi-uiitalis Sub. Cat. B. Brit. Mta. v. p. 349. 

Ohutuug-Yangpi road, W. Yunnan, l.ii. 06 (Rippon). 

Talifu Valley, 23. ii. 00 (Rippon). 

Lichiang, 18. iii. 00 „ 

Yangtse big bend, 2().iii.06 „ 

Lichiang Valley, 2. iv. 06 „ 

Also in Prince Henry of Orleans' collection (Oustalet). 

226. Tarsiger rufilatus (Hodgs.). 

Chutnng-Yangpi road, 1. ii. (K) (Rippon). 
Yangtse big bend, 29. iii. 06. l.iv. 06 (Kippon). 

Included in Prince Henrv of Orleans' Yunnan collection (cf. Bull. Mus. Paris 
1896). 



( 296 ) 

227. Tarsiger cyanurus (Pall.). 
Lichiang, W. Ynnnan, 8. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

228. Luscinia (Calliope) pectoralis (Gonld). 

Clalliope pectoralia AoderaOB, Western Yuhiuih, p. 615. 
? ; Pousee, 13. iii. 08 (Anderson). 

229. Notodela leucura (Hodgs.). 

2 ? ? ; Mongtse, Ynnnan, Jnne, July I'JlU (Nos. 216, 273) (Owston). 
Also obtained bj- Prince Henry of Orleans. 

230. Copsychus saularis saularis (Linn.). 

Hartert, Nov. Zool. xvii. p. 234 (191ii). 

3 JcJ, 1 ? ; MoDgtse, S. Ynnnan, April, May, July 1910 (Owston). 

231. Pratincola torquata indica Blyth. 

P. maura Sharpe, Handl. iv. p. 172. 

? ; Ponsee. 13. iii. 68 (Anderson). 
Three, Momien, 30. v. 68 „ 
Yungchang-Chntung road, 31. i. 06 (Rippou). 
Talifu Valley, 9-20. ii. 00 (Rippon). 
Lichiang Valley, 21. iii. OO. 12. iv. 00 (Rippon). 
(J; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, 4. vii. 10 (Owston). 

232. Pratincola caprata caprata Horsf. 

Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. G17. 

<?, ? : Ching-tung, Yunnan, 9. iii. 99 (Wiugate). 

? ; Momien, June 180S (Anderson). 

Under this uaiue Anderson {op. cit.) includes several specimens collected in 
Upper Burma and one from Momien, West Yunnan. Wingate likewise obtained 
this bird in the south of the province. 

233. Oreicola ferrea haringtoni Hartert. 

O.f. haringtoni, Vijij. Pal. F. i. p. 711 (Fu-chau, China). 
Pratincohi ftrrea Anderson, Wextrrn Ynnnan, p. 017. 

Three ? cj; Ponsee, May 1 and 2, 1808 (Anderson). 
cJ; Yunnan City, E. Ynnnan, 29. ii.99 (Wingate). 

234. Sutoria sutoria phyllorrhapliea (Swinhoe). 

1 (J, 1 unse.xed; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, May, July 1910 (Owston). 

Sahviu Valley, l.v. 00 (Rippon). 

By the dark shade of the green back these are apparently referable to this 
Chinese race. Tlie ear-coverts appear to be faintly mottled in the Rippon specimen, 
and this bird has been labelled 5. macnUcollis in the British Museum, but the 
Malayan race is, on an average, a considerably smaller bird. 



( 297 ) 
235. Cisticola exilis (Vig. and Horsf.). 

Ci»iicota melano^ephala Anderson, Wealeni Yuiuiftn, p. 641. 

Two specimens, Sanda, W. Yunnan, July 1868 (Anderson). 

236. Franklinia gracilis (Frank!.). 
Oates, F. of Brit. In. i. p. 376. 

2 3S, 2 ? ? ; Mongtse, S. Ynnnan, May, July 1910 (Owston). 
cJ ad.; Ching-tung, Ynnnan, 9. iii. 99 (Wingate). 

237. Megalurus palustris Horsf. 

Gapt. Wingate obtained two adult males, one at Ching-tung and one at 
Mong-sen, near Ma-li-pa, in March 1899. 

238. Phragamaticola aedon (Pall.). 

Ai-utidinax aalon (Pall.) Swinhoe, P.Z.S. 1871, p. 353. 

<S; Mongtse, Ynnnan, May 27, 1910 (Owston). 

239. Herbivocula schwarzi (Radde). 

Lusi-ininla schwarzi Sharpe, JIaniU. iv. p. 212. 

(Jbiitung, 28. iv. 02 (Rippon). 
Yang-pi Valley, 22. iv. 02 (Rippon). 

2411. Phylloscopus proregulus (Pall.). 

c?c? ?; Mongtse, July 3 and 9, lUlO (Owston). 

cT ad. ; Ynnnan City, 7.ii. 99 (Wingate). 

The three specimens from Mongtse are in very poor condition. The rnrap- 
band is hardly per;;eptible lin one example it appears to be wanting altogether). 
This may perhaps be due to the "inake-np" of the skins or to the birds being 
in moult. 

Rilipon's skins from Western Yunnan are very grey bird.s (but have a jiro- 
nounced rump-band), and taking an average they appear to be rather large. 
(The wing measurements, however, in the genus PhifUoscnptis are always liable to 
variation.) Unfortunately, although the British Museum contains a large series 
of P. p. newtoni (whose wing-formula resembles that of the Yunnan birds), hardly 
any of the specimens have been procured in the corresponding spring months. 

Pallas' Willow-Warbler was also obtained in Yunnan by Prince Henry of 
Orleans (Onstalet). 

241. Phylloscopus affinis (Tickell). 

Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 625. 

? ; Momien, 2. vi. 08 (Anderson). 

242. Phylloscopus pulcher Blyth. 

Shan Kwan, Tali Valley, 28. iii. 02 (Rippon). 
Gyi-dzin Shan, 2-18. iv. 04 (Rippon). 



( 298 ) 

243. Phylloscopus maculipennis (Blyth). 

Gyi-dzin Shan, 14. iii. 02, 21. iv. 02 (Rippon). 
Cbntiing, 21. iii. 02 (Rippon). 

Sharpe (Ila/u/L iv. p. 21.5) gives as tiie range " Himalayah (Sutlej Valley to 
Bhutan)." 

244. Phylloscopus fuscatus (Blyth). 

cJ; Ponsee, 19. iv. 68 (Anderson). 

S ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, April 0, 1910 (Owston). 

24.5. Phylloscopus borealis borealis (Bias.). 

2 (JcJ, 1 ? ; Mougtse, Yunnan, May 1910 (Owston). 

241). Phylloscopus superciliosus superciliosus (Gmel.). 

Ph. m/>eri-ili(ixiis Anderson, Wesleni Yu7i?ian, p. 625. 

One specimen ; Ponsee, 24. iv. 68 (Anderson). 

247. Phylloscopus nitidus plumbeitarsus (Swiuh.). 
Gyi-dzin Shan, 1-24. iv. 02 (Rippon). 

248. Phylloscopus lugubris Blyth. 

Included in Onstalet's list of Yunnan birds collected by Prince Henry of 
Orleans (cf. Bull. Mas. Paris, 1896, p. 184). 

249. Phylloscopus davisoni Oates. 

Yangtse big bend, W. Yunnan, 31. iii. 06 (Rippon). 
Lichiang V^alley, 8. iv. 06 (Rippon). 
Yangpi-Chutnng road, 24. iv. 06 (Rippon). 
Yungchang, 28. iv. 06 (Rippon). 

251 1. Phylloscopus trochiloides (Sund.). 

Ph. viridlpeiinis Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 626. 

Ponsee, 27. iv. 68 (Anderson). 

Yangi, 23. iii. 02 (Rippon). 

Gyi-dzin Shan, 31. iii. 02—2. v. 02 (Rippon). 

251. Phylloscopus subaffinis Grant. 
Cf. Og.-Grant, Bi4l. B.O.C. x. p. 37 (1900) (Kweichu). 

C'hntung-Yangpi road, 20. iii. 02. 
Shan Kwan, Tali Valley, 28. iii. 02. 
Gyi-dzin Shan, 5. iv. 02—28. iv. 02. 
Chntnng-Shayang road, 28. iv. 02. 
Nechong Valley, 30. iv. 02. 

Anderson's J'/ii/llosro/jiis /(//iiii.'i is probably this species. He gave this name to 
a single specimen obtained at Momien June 2, 1868. 



( 290 ) 

252. Phyllergates coronatus (Joid. and Blyth). 

d; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, 2. vi. 10 (Owston). 

The distribntion of this bird is given by Sharpe {Handlist, iv. p. 237) as 
follows : E. Himalayas (Sikkim to Assam) ; Manipiir ; Bnrmese Provinces (Karen- 
nee, Muleyit) ; Malay Peninsula. It is therefore interesting to find it in Ynnnan. 

253. Suya superciliaris Anders. 

Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 042. pi. li. fig. 1. 

2 c?c?; Momien, 2. vi. 68 (Anderson). 

2.54. Suya crinigera Hodgson. 

Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 642. 

3 ? ?, 1 c?; Momien, June, .Jnly 1868 (Anderson). 

255. Prinia inornata extensicauda Swinhoe. 

Drymoipus inoniatns Anderson, Western Ynnnan, ii. p. 640. 

A series of nine specimens, ei^Hit males and one female, shot at Mon.stse, 
Ynnnan, iu April, May, June, .Jalv lUlO (ISTos. 21, .30, 63, 101, 208, 255, 256, 257, 
287). 

Compared with typical P. i. e-ctensiciuda from the Amoy, birds from Ynnnan 
and Upper Burma have very small bills ; on the other hand, those from Formosa — 
as Swinhoe pointed out in 1803 {Ibis, 1863, p. 299)— are "rather larger," and 
possess "usually more robust bills." They all agree, however, in having the back 
generally greyer and more olivaceous than P. inornata. In some examples of the 
latter, noticeably from Mnddapur, the up])er parts are very brown, fre<juently with 
a rnsty tinge on the lower back and mm]), and South Burmese birds (so-called 
i/rtK/b/Y/i) are often very fulvons about the head and nnderparts. Of course these 
warm tints may be largely' due to season, and are certainly more apparent in winter- 
killed specimens. 

This group is umiuestionably a difficult one, and we will need to compare a 
very large series of skins with full data (which is often not forthcoming in some 
of the older specimens), before we can come to any definite conclusions. 

Having examined the specimens in the Triug and British Mnseums, we publish 
the following notes iu the hope that they may lie useful to future workers : — 

Prinia inornata inornata Sykes. 

Upper parts brownish, with freijuently a distinct rnsty tinge on lower back and 
rump. (The rufous tints are more pronounced in winter.) Average length of wing, 
oO ram. 

Hah. Indian Peninsula. 

Prinia inornata jerdoni (Blyth). 

Slightly larger. Upper parts usually darker and less rufous, even iu winter. 
Tail shorter, with subterminal spot more distinct. Average length of wing, 52 mm. 
Ilnb. Extreme south of Indian Peninsula and Ceylon. 



( 300 ) 

Prinia inornata blanfordi (Walden). 

A somewhat donbtful subspecies. In tone of upper plumage, length of tail, 
and size of bill, apparently intermediate between inonmta and extensicauda. 
Hab. Lower Burma. 

Prinia inornata extensicauda (Swinli.). 

Upper plumage greyer, with an olivaceous wash. Bill smaller (this is especially 
noticeable in specimens from Yunnan and Upper Burma). Crown faintly striated. 
Tail long. Average length of wing, 50 mm. 

{Note. — Formosa!! specimens (subsp. nov. ?) are perhaps a shade larger and 
have decidedly more robust bills.) 

256. Hemipus capitalis McClelland. 

Anderson, Western Yunnan, ii. p. 647. 

2 cJc?; Ponsee, March, May 1868 (Anderson). 

257. Lanius hypoleucus Blyth. 

Lanius coVyrioides Grant, Ihh, 1900. p. 585. 

Capt. "Wingate obtained an adult female at Mong-Kon, near Ma-li-pa, South 
Yunnan, in April 1899. 

258. Lanius schach tephronotus (Vig.). 

Mongtse, S. Yunnan, April 21, 1910 (Owston). 

6 imm. ; near Yunnan City, E. Yunnan, 7. ii. 99 (Wingate). 

259. Lanius tigrinus Drap. 
i; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, May 26, 1910 (Owston). 

260. Lanius nigriceps Franklin. 

Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 644. 

Four specimens ; Ponsee and Sanda, March — July 1868 (Anderson). 
Two specimens; near Yunnan City, February 1899 (Wingate). 

201. Lanius cristatus cristatus Linn. 

Anderson, Western Yimnan, p. C45. 

S; Ponsee, May 1868 (Anderson). 

262. Parus palustris dejeani Oust. 

Oustalet, Hull, ^fus. Paris, 1897, p. 209. 

Oustalet named some specimens of Marsh Tits from Tsekou Parus dejeanL 
Dr. Hartert {Vog. Pal. F. vol. i. p. 376) (jueries the validity of this subspecies and 
suggests that the bird is identical with /'. p. hyi>ermelaena (Ber. & Bianchi). 



( 301 ) 

263. Parus dichrous dichroides (Przew.). 

In Onstalet's list of the birds obtained in Yunnan by Prince Henry of Orleans 
we find P. dichrous. According to Dr. Hartert ( Vog. Pal. F. vol. i. p. 363) this 
species inhabits the Himalayas from Dharrasala to Sikkim. It is probable, 
therefore, that the birds taken by Prince Henry do not belong to this form, but to 
the more eastern P. d. dichroides. 

264. Panis rex David. 

Included in Prince Henry of Orleans' collection (Oustalet, Bull. Mas. Paris, 
1896, p. 185). 

265. Parus major commixtus Swiuli. 

Hill E. of Ynngchang, W. Yunnan, 21.i. 06 (Rippon). 

Talifu Valley, 10. ii. UG, 12 ii. UC, 20. ii. 06, 23. ii. 06, 25. ii. 06 (Rippon). 

Lichiang, 11. iii. 06, 19. iii. 06, 2. iv. 06 (Rippon). 

Yangtse big bend, 24. iii. 06, 26. iii. 06, 27. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

Tali Valley, 15. iv. 06 (Rippon). 

Five specimens, Mongtse, S. Yunnan, May — June 1910 (Owston). 

Anderson and Prince Henry of Orleans also obtained this Tit. 

266. Parus beavani poecilopsis Sharpe. 
Yangtse big bend, 25-30. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

267. Parus ater aemodius Hodgs. 

Lichiang, 18. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

This specimen, which is in very bad condition, apjjears to be referable to this 
race. Oustalet, Bull. Mus. Paris, 1896, p. 185, also identified the Coal Tits 
obtained in Yunnan by Prince Henry of Orleans as P. a. aemodius. 

268. Parus monticolus monticolus (Vig.). 

Talifu Valley, W. Yunnan, 10-20. ii. 06 (Rippon). 
Also obtained by Prince Henry of Orleans (Oustalet). 

269. Aegithaliscus bonvaloti Oust. 

Yangtse big bend, 30. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

Lichiang, 11-17. iii. 06 (Rippon) 

Yangtse big bend, 23-31. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

Obtained also by Prince Henry of Orleans (Oustalet). 

270. Aegithaliscus concinnus Ciould. 

c? ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, 27. vi. lo (Owston). 

Also in Prince Henry of Orleans' Yunnan collection (Oustalet). 

271. Aegithalos caudatus glaucogularis Gould. 
Lichiang, 11. iii. 06 (Rippon) 



( 302 ) 

27'-!. Aegithaliscus talifuensis Rippon. 

Aegithaliscus tali/uensh, Rippon, Hull. li.O.G. xiv. p. 18 (1903). 

Lichianc;, W. Yniiiian, 13-17. iii. 06 (Hippon). 
Talifn, 81iweli divide, 2.v. Ofi (ilippon). 

273. Cephalopyrus flammiceps (Burton). 

^githaliis jlammiceps. Oustalet, Xmir. Arrh. Mux. /■,!;■/".<, 1901. 

The Paris Musenra contains specimens of this bird from Tsekou, N. Yunnan. 
274. Regulus regulus yunnanensis (Kippon). 

Begulus >/imnaneiisii, Rippon, Bull. B.O.C. xi.\. p. 19 (19orj). 

Yangtse big bend, 22. ii. 06, 28-30. iii. 06 (Rippon). 
Yaugpi Valley, 3. ii.06 (Rippon). 
TaIifuValley,"21-24. ii. (16 „ 
Lichiang, 11. iii. 06 (Rippon). 
Gyi-dzin Shan, 31. iii. 02 (Rippon). 

275. Sitta yunnanensis Ogilvie-Grant. 

S. t/uutia>te>tsis, O. Grant, flull. B.O.C. x p. 37. 

Lichiang, W. Yuunan, 11. iii. 06, 18. iii. 06 (Rippon). 
Yangtse big bend, 22. iii. 06, 1. iv. 06 (Rippon). 
Lichiang Valley, 2. iv. 06 (Rippon). 
Yangpi Chutung, 23. iv. 06 „ 

276. Sitta europaea montium La Touche. 

Lichiang, 13. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

Yangtse big bend, 23-29. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

Lichiang Valley, 8. iv. 06 (Rippon). 

Dr. Hartert ( Uiij. I'al. F. vol. i. j). 334) states that the range of Sitta europaea 
nagaensis Godwin Ansten, includes the Naga Hills, Assam, and the Southern Shan 
States. Having compared birds from the latter district with typical examples of 
S. e. montium La Tonchc, 1 find that Nuthatches from the Sban States all have the 
undersurface distinctly washed with creamy-buff and are not to be distinguished from 
Kuatum l.irds, killed at the same time of the year. The Southern Shan States are 
inhabited by S. e. montium and not S. e. nagaemiis. 

277. Sitta magna Wardlaw Ramsay. 

cJ; Wei-yuan, S. Yunnan, I'.t.iii. 99 (Wingate). 
Yangpi-Chntung road, 24. iii. 0(> (Rippon). 

278. Sitta canadensis villosa Verr. 

Sitta caiwulensh villosa Hart., Viuj. Put. Fauna vol. i. p. .S3G. 

Obtained by Prince Henry of Orleans in Yunnan (cf. />''///. Mus. /'aris, 1806, 
p 185). 



( 303 ) 
279. Dendrophila frontalis fHorsf.). 

Dendrophila corallina, Anderson, WcKtern Yunnan, p. 633 (Owston). 

<? MoDgtse, Yunnan, June 9, 1910. 
<S ; PoDsee, 14. iv. 08 (Anderson). 

280. Certhia himalayana yunnanensis (Shavpe). 

Certhia ynnnwiensis Sharpe, Bull. B.O.C. xiii. p. 11 (l'J02). 

Lichiang Vallej', 17. iii. 06, 6. iv. 06 (Rippon). 

Yangtse big bend, 22-31. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

Obtained also by Prince Henry of Orleans (Onstalet). 

281. Certhia familiaris khamensis (Bianchi). 

Handl. Birds Brit. Miis. iv. p. 3lJ(l (1909). 

Lichiang, 17. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

Yangtse big bend, 24, 25. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

282. Tichodroma muraria (Liun.). 
Talifa Valley, W. Yunnan, ll.ii. Oil (Rippon). 

283. Zosterops erythropleurus Swinh. 
Gyi-dzia Shan, 5. iv. 02 (Uiiipon). 

284. Zosterops palpebrosa palpebrosa Temm. 

Five specimens, Mongtse, S. Yunnan (Owston). 

Two of the Yunnan specimens are very golden in their colours, and are 
indistinguishable from the typical Indian Z. p. palpebrosa, while the other three, 
being greener and with paler throats, are rather nearer the Chinese simplex. 
The Yunnan birds therefore appear somewhat intermediate between the Chinese 
and Indian forms. They may jiossibly be referable to Oustalet's Z. p. mussoti 
(cf. Oust. Ann. Sci. Nat. 1891, p. 289, and Hartert, Nov. Zool. xvii. p. 242), but 
without any Sechuan birds to compare them with it is impossible to say for certain. 
Oustalet's birds from Mussot appear, however, to measure rather less ; the average 
length of their wings being giveu as 52 mm., while the Yunnan birds average 
56 mm. The bills of the latter are all small. 

285. Dicaeum ignipectus (Hodgs.). 

c? ad. ; Chung-tung, Yunnan, 5. iii. 99 (Wingate). 

Yaugpi Chutnng, 23. iv. i)6 (IJippon). 

Also included in Prince Henry of Orleans' list of Yunnan birds (Oustalet). 

286. Aethopyga sanguinipectus ^\'ald. 

c?; Miing-sen, S. Yunnan, 22. iii. 99 (Wingate). ' 

Yangpi, 22. iii. 02 (Ripjion). 



( 304) 

287. Aethopyga seheriae Tickell. 
Salvin Valley. 1. v. Of? (Kippoo). 

Oastalet states {Bull. Mas. Paris, 18'J6, p. 184) that Prince Henry of Orleans 
obtained " Aethopi/ga seheriae var. luhecula" during his travels in Ynnnan. 

288. Aethopyg^ ignicauda (Hoigs.). 
Chatiing, 21. iii. 02 (Rippon). 

Sharpe {Handl. v. p. 39) gives the range as E. Himalayas (Nepal to Bhutan, 
Khasia and Naga Hills, Maai[)ar). 

289. Aethopyga dabryi Verr. 

Anderson, WfMern Yummn, p. G62. 

i ; Ponsee, 28. iii. 68 (alt. 3300 ft.) (Anderson). 

cJ; near Yunnan City, E. Yunnan, 28. ii. 99 (Wingate). 

290. Motacilla alba leucopsis Gould. 
Talifu Valley, 12. ii. 0(i (Rippon). 

Yaugtse, 28. iii. 00 (Rippon). 
Lichiang, 2. iv. 06 ,-, 

291. Motacilla alba hodgsoni Blytb. 

Motaeilla mcukraspatemes Anderson, Wealeni Yunnan, p. 610. 

Onstalet includes .1/. hodgsoni among the birds obtained by Prince Henry of 
Orleans in Yunnan (Bull. .Mas. Paris, 1896, p. 18o). 

292. Motacilla flava borealis Sundev. 

Budytes Kirldis Anderson, Western Yunnan, ii. p. 608. 

Anderson records a specimen of " Durlytes firidis" from Ponsee, March 1868. 

293. Motacilla boarula melanope Pall. 
Talifu Valley, 14. ii. 06 (Rippon). 

Lichiang, 2.i.x. 06 (Rippon). 

S ad. ; Ynnnan City, E. Yunnan, 7. ii. 99 (Wingate). 

294. Motacilla citreola citreola (Pall.). 

Capt. "Wingate procured an adult male example at S.W. Yunnan in April 
1899. 

295. Dendronanthus indicus (Gm.). 

Limonidromua indica Sharpe, Oil. Binl.i Brit. .Sfiix. x. p. .532. 

2 <?<?; Mangtse, Yunnan, May 1910 (Owston). 

296. Anthus trivialis maculatus Hodgs. 

Pipastes Nficulatus Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 6(»8. 

Four specimens from Ponsee, March, April 1868. 



( 305 ) 
297. Anthus richardi richardi Vieill. 

Corydalla richardi Anderson, We-ilern Yitiiiiaii, p. 606. 

Mnangla, 2. v. 68 (Anderson). 
¥ ; Momien, 2. vi. 68 „ 

298. Anthus rufalus rufulus Vieill. 

(?, 2 ? ? ; Mongtse, Yunnan, March, May 1910 (Owston). 

299. Anthus roseatus BIytb. 
Lichiang Valley, 21. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

300. Anthus spinoletta blakistoni Swinh. 
TalifQ Valley, 25. ii. 06 (Rippon). 

301. Alauda gulgula snbsp. ? 

A single young bird, sexed male, from Mongtse, Yunnan (No. 290) is appar- 
ently of the above species but is above very dark (Owston). 

302. Alauda arvensis subsp. 

Lichiang Valley, i. iv. 06 (Rippon). 
Talifu, 25. ii. 06 (Rippon). 

303. Mycerobas carnipes (Hodgs.). 
Yangtse big bend, 22. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

304. Eophona melanura melanura (Gmel.). 

Capt. A. W. S. Wingate obtained an adult female in E. Yunnan, February 23, 
1899. 

305. Pycnorhamphus affinis Blyth. 

Obtained by Prince Henry of Orleans (cf. Bull. Mas. Paris, 1896, p. 185). 
306. Spinus ambiguus (Oust.). 

Oustalet, liiUl. Mus. Paris, 1896, p. 18G. 

Lichiang, 18. iii. 06 (Rippon). 
Chutung-Ynngchang road, 26. iv. 06 (Rippon). 
Lichiang Valley, iv. 06 (Ri]>pon). 

Prince Henry of Orleans obtained a female at Menning (Yunnan) May 7, 1895 
■ (Oustalet). 

307. Passer rutilans cinnamomea (Gould). 
AodersoD, Western Yunnan, p. 602. 

Six specimens; Momien, May, June 1868 (Anderson). 



( 30fi ) 
308. Passer montanns montanns Linn. 

Anderson, Westfni Yniniaii, p. 6(11. 

Three specimens ; Pousee, 2(). v. 08 (Anderson). 
Four specimens ; Momien, 3. vii. 68 „ 

309. Carpodacus erythrinus roseatus (Hodgs.). 
Gyi-dzin Shan, 7. iv. 02, 1.5. iv. 02 (Rippon). 

310. Carpodacus femininus (Ripi)on). 

Propaster feinininm, Rippon, Bull. B.O.C. xix. p. .31 (lOOti). 

Yangtse big bend, 28. iii. 06 (Rippon). 
Talifn, Shweli divide, 2. v. 06 „ 
Shayang-Ynngchang, 27. iv. 06 „ 

311. Carpodacus pulcherrimus (Moore). 

Lichiang Valley, 21. iii. 06 (Rippon). 
Chntung-Ynngchang road, 26. iv. 06 (Rippon). 

312. Carpodacus ripponi Sharpe. 

Propasser rijipimi, Sharpe, Bull. B.O.C. xiii. p. 11 (1902). 

Gyi-dzin Shan, 9-15. iv. 02 (Rippon). 

313. Carpodacus vinaceus Verr. 

Hart. Vog. Pal. Fauna i. p. 105. 

Chntung-Yungchang road, 21. iv. 06. 

314. Pyrrhula erithaca altera Rijipon. 

Pyrrhnla altera, Rippon, Bull. B.O.C. xix. |i. 19 (lilOi;). 

<J ; Shavang-Chiitnng road, 6,700 ft,., 31.i. 06 (Rippon)] 

? ; Yangpi-Chntung road, 5,400 ft., 24. iii. 00 „ /'''J'P^* ^^ '''« species. 

cj, ?; Shayang-Chutang road, 6,700ft.,31. i. 00 

Very close to Blyth's erithncd, and a larger series for comparison is badiv 
needed. The orange on the breast certainly iij)pears to be of a darker and redder 
tone, but the grey of the npper surface is practically identical. The females are a 
shade darker. In specimens from Sechuan these slight differences in coloration do 
not appear to hold good. 

315. Propyrrhula subhimachala (Hodgs.). 
Gyi-dzin Shan, 7-10. iv. 02 (Rippon). 

Sharpe {Flandt. v. p. 274) gives " Nepal and Sikkim " as the habitat of this 
species. Yunnan is therefore an extension of its known range. 

316. Emberiza pusilla Pallas. 

Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 0O.3. 

Two; Ponsee, March, April 1868 (Anderson). 



( 307 ) 

317. Emberiza elegans Temm. 
(?; Obiug-tang, Yunnan (Wingate). 
Yangtse big bend, 24. iii. 06 (Rippon). 
Lichiang Valley, 8. iv. 06 „ 

318. Emberiza fucata arcuata Sliarpe. 

Hart., VUg. Pal. Fauna, i. p. 187. 

Yangpi, Chutung, 25. iv. 06 (Rippon). 

? ; Mongtse, S. Ynnnan, 30. vi. 10 (Owstonj. 

Rippon's specimen agrees with E. /. arcuata Hartert (op. cit.) and Sharpe 
[Handl. v. p. 278). Both give the range of this bird as " Kashmir to Assam." It 
is therefore new to Yunnan. 

319. Emberiza aureola Pall. ■ • 

(J; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, May 5, 1910 (Owston). 

320. Emberiza spodocephala melanops Blyth? 

Cf. Styan, Ibis, 1891, p. 353. ■ • 

c? jnv., ? ad.? Mongtse, S. Yunnan, April 1910 (Owston). 

These Mongtse specimens are probably referable to the above race, although 
the typical E. s. spodocephala is doubtless a winter visitor to Yunnan, as it is said 
to be to the whole of China. Oustalet {Bull. Mus. Paris, 1896) includes it in his 
list of birds obtained in this province by Prince Henry of Orleans. 

321. Emberiza yunnanensis Sharpe. 

Sharpe, Bull. B.O.C. xiii. p. 12 (i;i02). 

Talifn Valley, 20. ii. 06 (Rippon). 

Yangpi, 4. ii. 06 (Rippon). 

Yangtse big bend, 26. iii. 06 (Rippon). 

Lichiang Valley, 21. iii. 06 ; 2. iv. 06 ; 9. iv. 06. 

322. Melophus melanicterus (Gm.). 

4 (J(? ad., 4 (Jc? juv., 2 ? ? ad. ; Mongtse, Yunnan, April, May, June, July 1910 

(Owston). 

i imm. ; Upper Mekong River, S. Yunnan, 13. iii. 99 (Wingate). 
cJ ; MOng-sen, S. Yunuan, 26. iii. 99 (Wingate). 

323. Munia atricapilla (VieilL). 

Munia alricapilla Anderson, Wei^leni Yuuiian, p. 598. 

Five specimens; Mnangla, 17.vii.68 (Anderson). 

324. Munia topela Swinh. 
2 66,1 ? aJ., 1 ? jnv. ; Mongtse, Yunnan, April, May 1910 (Owston). 

32.5. Munia acuticauda (Hodgs.). 
Included in Prince Henry of Orleans' Yunnan collection (cf. Bull. Mus. Paris, 
1896, p. 185). 



( 308 ) 
326. Sporaeg^nthus flavidiventris (Wall.). 

Estrilda flaridlrentris Anderson, Western Yunnan, ii. p. 600 

c? ad.; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, 9. vii. 1910 (Owston). 

Mnaiigla, 8. v. 68 (Anderson). 

2 cJcT; Momien, June, Jnly 1808 (Anderson). 

32T. Sporaeginthus amandava (Linn.). 

S.W. Ynnnan, April 1899 (Wingate). 
Mong-kon, S. Yunnan, April 1899 (Wingate). 

328. Spodiopsar malabaricus (Gniel.). 

Temenuchus maUihariciis Anderson, li'e^■^';•// Y'nman, ii. p. 5'.l*I. 

2 <J <?; Mnangla, 12. v. 68 (Anderson). 

Also obtained by Wingate in South and South- West Yunnan, March and April 
1899. 

329. Spodiopsar nemoricolus (Jer.). 

3 c?c? were sent from Mongtse, Yunnan, .shot in April May, June 1910 
(Owston). 

Sharpe {Handlist, v. p. .516) says that this bird is found in the Burmese 
Provinces of Pegu and Tenasserim. Yunnan wonl.l, therefore, be an e.xtension of 
its range as at present known. 

330. Gracupica nigricollis (Payk.). 

Sturnopastor nigricollis Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 595. 

Muangia and Momien, May, June 1868 (Anderson). 
S.W. Yunnan, April 1899 (Wingate). 

331. Acridotheres tristis (Linn.). 

Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 593. 

Near Mong-seu, S. Y'unnau, "-'i. iii. 99 (Wingate). 

332. Aethiopsar grandis Mojre. 

Acridothereg siamemis Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. .'191. 

Two specimens; Muangia, 18, 19. v. OS (Anderson). 

333. Aethiopsar cristatellus Gm. 
<S; Mongtse, S. Y'uunau, May 14, 1910 (Owston). 

334. Oriolus trailli (Vigors). 
In Prince Henry of Orleans' Yunnan collection (Oustalet). 

335. Oriolus tenuirostris Blyth. 

Licbiang Valley, 12. iv. 06 (liijijion). 
East Ynnnan, 1. ii. 99 (Wingate). 



( 309 ) 
336. Oriolus indicus Gerdon. 

Orioliis diffusus Sharpe, Cat Birds Brit. Miih. iii. p. 197. 

S ? ; Mongtse, Yunnan, April, May 1910 (Ovvston). 

337. Chibia hottentotta (Linn.). 

2 33; Mongtse, Yunnan, July 1910 (Owston). 
Obtained also by Wingate in S.W. Yunnan, April 1899. 

338. Chaptia aenea Vieill. 

Anderson, Western Yunnatt, p. 65"2. 

A single specimen; Ponsee, 13. iii. fiS (Anderson). 

339. Buchanja atra cathoeca Swinh. 

Buchanga atra Anderson, Western Yunnan, ii. p. G.53. 

Two; Sanda and Muangla, May 1868 (Anderson). 
Ching-tuug, Yunnan, 8. iii. 99 (Wingate). 

340. Buchanga longicaudata (Hay). 

Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 654. 

Four specimens, Sanda Valley, \V. Yunnan, May 1868 (Anderson). 
341. Buchanga cineracea nigrescens Gates? 

Buchanga leiicophaea Ouitulet, Bull. Mus. Paris, \S[)6, p. IHo. 

4 c? J ; Mongtse, S. Yunnan, May. June 1910 (Owston). 
Ching-tung, Yunnan, 4. iii. 99 (Wingate). 

Tliese birds would apparently belong to the form called nigrescens, bnt careful 
comparison of more material is desirable (of. Hart. JS'oi: Zool. xvii. p. 249 (1910) ). 

342. Bhringa remifer (Temm.). 

Anderson, Western Yunnan, p. 052. 

i; Ponsee, April 1868 (Anderson). 
S.W. Yunnan, April 1899 (Wingate). 

343. Corvus macrorhynchus levaillantii Less. 

Coram leoaillantii Leison, Anders. Western Yunnan, p. 589. 

Two, Ponsee, March 1868 (Anderson). 
Two, Manwyne, 12. v. 68 „ 

One, Momien, 3. vi. 68 „ 

344. Coloeus dauuricus (Pall.). 
2 S S ad. et juv. ; Mongtse, Yunnan, June 1910 (Owston). 

34.'). Coloeus neglectus (Schl.). 

Lichiang Valley, 19. iii. 06 (llippon). 
Talifu Valley, 2-5. ii. 06. 



( aio ) 

346. Nucifraga hemispila yunnanensis Ingram. 

Nueifraga i/uniuinemis Ingram, Tlull. li.O.C. xxv. p. 86 (1910). 

Talifu Valley, W. Ynnnan, 21-24. ii. 06, 21. v. 06 (Rippon). 
Yangtse big bend, 24. iii. 00 (Rippon). 

347. Pica pica sericea Goukl. 

Pica pica sericea Hartert, VSg. Pal. Faun. i. p. 22 (1903). 
Pica ruttira Anderson, Westtrn Yuimun, p. 590. 

2 (f c?; Ponsee, 5. v. 68 (Anderson). 
Talifu Valley, 25. ii. 06 (Rippon). 

348. Urocissa erythrorhyncha (Gm.) = Urocissa sinensis (Linn.). 

3 c?c?, 2 ? ¥ were sent from Mongt.se, Ynnnan, .shot in the months of May, 
June 1910 (Owston). 

The Yunnan birds agree fairly well with typical Chinese specimens, and 
certainly do not belong to the Burmese race magmrostris. Anderson, however 
( W. Yunnan Exped. ih-es, p. 502), referred a bird killed by him in the Hotha 
Valley, Ynnnan, to the latter form. 

There is a large series of these Blue Magpies in the Tring Museum from Tai- 
pai-shan (Tsin-ling Mountains). Those are somewhat light in colour, with the back 
very lightly w.ished with purplish blue. 

34i(. Urocissa occipitalis (Blyth). 

Lichiang, 11. iii. 06 (Ri))pon). 
Yangtse big bend, 20. iii. 06 (Rippon). 
Tali Valley, 15. iv.06 (Rippon). 
Yangpi-Chutung road, 23. iv. 06 (Rippon). 

350. Dendrocitta himalayensis (Vig.). 

? ad.; S.W. Yuunan, April 1868 (Anderson). 

c? ad.; Ching-tung, 4. iii. 99 (Wingate). 

Also obtained iu Ynnnan by Prince Henry of Orleans. 

351. Garrulus glandarius sinensis Swinh. 
Yangtse big bend, 24-30. iii. IHJ (Rippou). 

352. Pyrrhocorax graculus (Linn.). 
Lichiang Valley, 2. iv. 06 (Ripjion). 



( 311 ) 



ORNITHOLOGISCHE MISZELLEN AUS DEM 
INDO-AUSTRALISCHEN GEBIET. 

Von EEWIN STRESEMANN. 

I. Die Formen von Lamprocorax metallicus. 
\. Lamprocorax metallicus metallicus (Temm.). 

Lnrnprotiirmx mHallirus Temminck, I'l. Oil. vol, ii. WH. pi. 260.— Timor ( ! ), Celebes ( ! ). 

Calornis viridesccns Gray, P.Z.S. 1868. p. 181. — Aru. 

Calornis amhoinensis Gta,y , P.Z.S. 18.')8. p. 181.— Ambon. 

Calonds gidaris Gray, P.Z.S. 1861. pp. 431, 43G.— Misol. 

Caloniis purptirascens Gray, Haiidl. B. vol. ii. 1870. p. 26. — Cape York. 

? Lamprocorax metallicus sapphire Mathews, Noe. Znul. vol. xviii. 1912. p. 437. — Nord-Queensland. 

Oberkopf, Ohrgegend, Kropf utid Iiitersoaimlarregion init lebhaft rotviolettea 
Eeflexen ; die so gefiirbteu Federn der Interscapularregiou umschliessea eiu meist 
sehr stark hervortretendes blaugriines Feld. Im tibrigea griiii ; die violettrote 
Filrbung von Kopf niul liitersuapulaiTegion durch ein breites griiiies Nackenband 
getreniit. 

Veibreitung : Nordaustralien, Neiiguiuea, Jobi, Salawatti, Batauta, Waigin, 
Misol, Molukkeu, Kei- iind Aru-lnseln. 

2. Lamprocorax metallicus nitidus (Gray). 

Calonds nitida Gray, P. Z. S. 18o8. p. 181. — Neu-Mecklenburg. 

Calomis metallicus pt., Rothschild u. Hartert, Nor. Zool. vol. x. 1903. p. 114. 

Farbenverteilung iihnlich wie bei der vorigen Form, aber der rotlicUe Fleck 
in der Interscapulavregiou ist viel weniger lebhaft gefarbt nnd weniger seharf 
nmgrenzt, oft verschwindend klein, nnd umschliesst kein blaugrunes Feld. 

Im Triiig-Mnsenni 29 adnlte E.xemplare von deii Saloinon-Insehi Gnadalcanar, 
Ysabel, Vella Lavella, ('hoisenl, 8an Christoval, Fanro und Bongainville, sowie 
von Nen-Laneubnrg und Neu-Fommern. 

Lamprocorax metallicus metallicus 5 nitidus. 

E.xemplare vom Lonisiade- nnd D'Entrecasteaux-Arcbipel siud intermediar. 
Im Tring-Museum von Woodlarks-Insel, St. Aignan, Siidost-Insel, Fergusson-Iusel 
und Rossel-Insel (nee Russell-Insel im Salomon-Archipel I). 

3. Lamprocorax metallicus inornatus (Salvad.). 

Calomis innrwtlii Salvadori, Ann. Mas. Civ. Gen. vol. xvi. 1880. p. 194. — Misori. 

Oberkopf sehr dnnkel und mit relativ geringem Glanz, jede einzelne Feder 
dieser Region dunkelviolett mit scbmalem griUiem Querband. Oberriicken dnnkel 
rOtlicb violett, im Nacken ein undentlicbes dnnkelgriines Band. Federu von Kinn 
und Keble griinnietallisch mit violettroter Binde. Kropffedern cbiukel rutlich 
violett. tJbrigeus griin. 

Verbreitung : Misori (:} Ex. im Tring-Musenm). 

21 



( 312 ) 
4. Lamprocorax metallicus purpureiceps (Salvad.). 

CaloruiH imrpiireiceps Salvador!, A tti R. Acrad. Sri, Torino vol. xiii. 1 878. p. 5.35. — Admiralitiits-Iaseln^ 

" Von Lamprocorax metallicus metallicus nnterschieden durch geringere Grosse, 
viel geringere Liinge der spitzen Federn des Vorderlialses nnd dadnrcli, dass die 
rotlii'lien Reflexe auf Oberkopf, Kinn und Keble beschritiikt siud." [Nacli 
Salvador! !] 

Verbreitung : Admiralitiits-Iuseln. 

5. Lamprocorax metallicus circnmscriptus (A. B. BI.). 

Calornis circumscriptus A. B. Meyer, Sitzunijsber. u. Abli. Nat. Ges. Isis 1884. p. 49. — Tiinorlaut. 

Oberkopf, AVangen, Nackeu nnd Vorderriicken, Kinn nnd breites Kropfban({ 
lebbaft violettrot, ini Nacken ein sehr schraales bbiugriiues Band. 14 Exemplare 
im Tring-Mnseuiu von Tenimber nnd Damar. 

Verbreitung : Tenimber, Damar. 

Anmeukung. — Lamprocorax fuscocirescens (Salvad.) ist nicht als Subspecie.s 
von L. metallicus, wie Sharps im Cat. li. vol. xiii. p. 141 anniramt, sondern als 
solcbe von />. ohscurus anfzufassen. 

II. Einiges uber das Genus Gracula und seine Arten.* 

Der Gattungsname Gracula (Linn. Si/d. Sat. ed. x. 1758 p. 108) wird voi) 
Sharpe im Cat. B. nnd in dev Hand-List nicbt angewendet, da, wie dieser Antor ira 
Cat. B. vol. xiii. p. 98 anseinandersetzt, die bei Linne anfgefUhrten Arten ein 
derartigos mixtnm compositnm darstellenjdass man den Namen nicbt, mit Sieberlieit 
anf einen Typus znriickfiibren kanu und die Metbode der Elimination nicbt dazu 
fiibrt, dass man eineu " Maino " als Restbestand erhillt. Salvadori bat {Ann. Mus. 
Ctv. Gen. vol. 32, 1892. p. 137) die Anwendnng des Namens Gracula auf diese 
VOgel vergeblicb anf die Durcbfiibrung der gcnannten Metiiode zu begriinilcii 
versucbt : Gracula saularis L. ist erst 1827 dnrcb Wagler in eine anderc Gattnng 
eingeordnet worden, wiibrend Cuvier schon 1817 fiir Gr. n'ligiosa L. den Genus- 
namen Eulabes scbuf Zwingende Griinde besteben also bisber nicbt, den Namen 
Gracula fiir diesen oder jenen Vogel weiterznfiihren ; da e.s indesson nicbt opportnn 
erscbeint, einen Liun6sclien Genusiiamen ausser Gebraucli geraten zn lassen, so 
muss der Typus designiert werden (cf. Art. 30 der Internationalen Regeln der Zool. 
Nomenklatur). Gracula religiosa L. ist als Typus der Gattnng festznlegen nnd 
der Genusname Eulabes Cnv. 11S17 zu den Synonymen zn stellen. 

Zur Vereinfacbung der bei Gracula taxonomisch wichtigen Bezeicbnungen 
ftthre icb die folgeude Terminologie ein : 

Nacktes Hantfeld unter dem Auge = Snbocnlaxfeld. 

Hinter dem Auge beginnender nackter ILmtstreif, der mit der Basis der 
Nackenlappeu in Verbindnng stelit = TemporalwiUst. 

Der diese beiden Hautfelder trenueude Federstreif = Parialstreif. 

Der vom medianen Teil des Nackenlaj)pens zum Scbeitel ziebeude Hautwulst 

= Occipitalwulst. 

* Abgeschkissen 15. x. iai2. Die vun Oberholser in Smitht. Mite. Coll. vol. CO, No. 7, pp. 1(>— 17, 
beschriebenen Formen kouutea daber mchr nicht beriicksichtigt wertlen. 



( 313) 

TTbersicht der Arten. 

1. Snbocnlarfeld fehit Gr, ptilogentjs. 

2. Subocnlarfekl ansgebiklet : 

A. Temporalwulst fehlt Gr. robusta. 

B. Temporalwiilst ansgebildet. 

(I. Occipitalwalst ausgebildet. 

a. Fliigel miter 150 mm Gr. reiigiom. 

/S. Fliigel iiber 160 mm. ..... Gr. venerata. 

b. Occipital wnlst fehlt Gr. javana. 

Ubersicht der Formen von Gracola javana. 

1. Parialstreif ia Connexion mit den Ohrdeckcn. 

A. Nackenlappen an der Basis miteinander verwachsen : Gr. j. cnganensis. 

B. Nackeulajipen an der l?asis niciit mit einander verwacliseu. 

a. Parialstreif an der schmalsten Stelle in der Kegel 

nnter 1 mm. breit ..... Gr. j. palawanensis. 

b. Parialstreif an der schmalsten Stelle iiber 1 mm. breit. 

Gr. j. javana. 

2. Parialstreif dnrch eiiien nackten Hautstreif von den OhrJecken getrennt. 

a. Parialstreif breiter Gr j. intermedia. 

b. Parialstreif schmitler ..... Gr. j. amlamanensis. 

Eine Untersnchung des Materials im Tring-Mnsenm hat mich zu der 
tjberzeugnng gebracht, dass die von Finsch anfgestellte Gmctila batuensis als 
Synonj'm von Gr. j. engaiiensis SalvaJ. za bebrachteii ist. Die von Finsch in seiner 
Arbeit "Das Genns Gracula und seine Arten" (iW. Legd. Mits. vol. 21, 1899, 
pi. 1 n 2) gegebenen Zeichnungen sind giinzlich irrefiihrend. Exemplare von Pnlu 
Telo, Sioban (Mentawei-Archijiel) und Engano stimmen gnt miteinander iiberein, 
alle zeigen sie anch melir oder minder ansgedehnte Verwachsung der Nackenlappen, 
nnd die Finsch'sche Angabe, dass diese Merkmal bei Engano-E.xemplaren fehle, 
bestiitigt sich nicht. Salvadori hat in Ann. Mils. Cic. Gen. vol. 34, 1894, p. 599 
die Si-Oban-Exemplare irrtiimlich als Gracula jaranensis bezeichnet. Ditferenzen 
in der Ausdehnnng des Fltigelspiegels gegeniiber javauischen Stiicken kann ich 
anch bei Pnln-Telo-Vogeln uicht constatieren entgegen den Befunden Finsch's. 
Dagegen erweist sich das fiir enqanensis nnd batuensis angegebene Merkmal, 
dass der Temporal wnlst dnrch eiuen grOsseren betiederten Ranm vom hinteren 
Angenrand getrennt ist als wie bei javina, als zieralich constant. Die Fliigel 
messeu (in mm.) bei Exemplaren von Pnlu Telo 175, 185; von Si-Oban, 181, 
186; von Engano, 173, 178. Salvadori gibt als Masse seiner Engano Exem- 
plare 170-180 mm. an, Finsch hat als Fliigelmass von vier Stiicken von Pnlu 
Batu 190-195 mm. ermittek. Es kOnnte also nach diesen beiden Angaben 
scheinen, als seien Stiicke von Engano weseutlich kleiner ; doch ist hit-rbei 
die betriichtliche lokale Grossenvariation der Gracula-Avitn, auf die ich bei der 
Besprechung von Gr. javana javana eiugeheu werde, nnd ferner der Umstand 
zu beriichsichtigen, dass man aus Vergleichungen von Massen verschic.lener 
Autoren keine sichereu Schliisse ziehen kann, da die Massraethodeu oft verschiedene 
sind. 

Das bei der Ubersicht der Formen von Gr. jaLKina als uuterscheidondes 
Keunzeicheu der Gruj>[ieu I und 2 angegebene Merkmal ist zwar in der weitaus 



(314) 

grOssten Mehrzahl der Fiille entsiheitk'ud, bei einigen Exemplaren jedoch nicht 
ausreicbend. Es ist in geringem Grade von der Art dcr rniparatinQ abhilngig, nnd 
lokal-typiscbe intermedia, bei deren Biilgen die orbita nicht oder nur wenig 
ansgestopft wurde, kOnnen infolge Schrumpfuug der Haut eiiie Verbindiing des 
Parialstreifs mit den Olirdecken vortiiusclieu, wiibrend umgekehrt bei Gr. j. Jarana 
die iibermiissige Dehnung der Hant eiiie Unterbrcchnng der Federlinie vernrsachen 
kaun. In solcbeu Fiillen entscbeidet die Grosse oder die Scbnabelform ; bei 
Gr. j. javana ist der Scbnabel hober, relativ kiirzer nnd iufolge dessen die 
Firstlinie starker gebogen, ein Kennzeicben, das indessen erst bei grOsseren Serien 
deiitlicb wird. 

Dass die Grosse meist, aber uicbt immer entscbeidend ist, mag I'olgender 
Vergleicb der Fliigelmasse (in mm.) beweisen. (Ich berilcbsicbtige in dieser 
Tabelle nnr adnlte Exemplare.) 

Gr. javana javana. 
Bali: Si 163, 168, 168— A?; «//('«;( ; 6 174, ? 1&2— Java (nacb Finsch /.<■., 
nnd Parrot, " Beitrilge znr Ornitbologie Snmatras," in Abh. Bai/er. Akad. Wiax. 
1907, p. 257): 173-178 — 5«/«a<ra (nacb Finscb) : 163-185 — Borneo {n&ch Finscb): 
170-188— .Va<M«a nnd Sirkassen : 6 <S 184, 188, 190; ?? 174, isl, 181— 
Malakka: S <S 183, 181 ; ? 175; nnsec. 172, 177, 179. 

Gr. javana intermedia. 

Hainan: 154, 158, 158, 159, 159, 160, 161, 162, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166— 
Nord- und Ilinter-Inclien : 146, 154, 157, 158, 159, 160, 160, 161, 161, 162, 
162, 163, 163, 164, 164, 167, llO—Malahka: 157, 160, \Q\—Salanga (nacb 
A. Miiller, J.f.O., 1882, p. 391): 5 Ex. 150-170, mittel: 157-6. Tenas- 
serim : S 175. 

Es erscbeint mir nicbt ansgescblosseu, dass die Formen sicb in Malakka nnd 
im siidlichen Tenas.serim znweilen vermiscben, weun auch eiue derartig starke 
Verwischung der Grenzen, wie sie A. Miiller I.e. pp. 389 — 390 annimmt, uicbt 
zn besteben scbeint nnd die Bestiramung der Subspecies ancb bei Malakka- 
stiicken im Allgemeinen keine Scbwierigkeiten macbt. 

Hartert bitlt in Xov. Zool. vol. xvii. 1910 p. 251 eine Abtreiinung des Hainau- 
vogels unter Benutzong des Swinboesclien Namens haiiianus iur moglicb. Icb 
kann nacb Priifnng das gleichen Materials seine Ansicht nicbt teilen ; irgend 
welcber Unterscbied in der Gnisse bestebt nicbt, wie ans der vorstebendeu Mass- 
tabelle ersicbtlicb ist ; ebenso mnss die scheinbar verscbiedene Gestalt derEndignug 
des Temporalwnlstes oflPenbar auf verscbiedene Priiparationsweise zuriickgeiuhrt 
werden, wie auch Hartert bereits vermutete. 

Die Form Gi\ j. andamanensi.^ stebt zwar intermedin recht nabo, ist aber 
diircb das in der Ubersicht angegebeiie Kennzeiclien meist gut uuterscbeidbar. 
Nnr zwei der mir vorliegendeu Stiicke sind nicbt typiscb nnd gleicben in der 
Ansbildung des Parialstreifens contiiientalen Exemplaren. AI. : 155,160,160, 166, 
167, 170. 

dr. j. palawanensis ist dnrch den im obereu Drittcl iiberaiis sclimalen 
Paiialstreif meist sebr kenntlich nnd erweist sicb ancb als durcbscbnittlich kleiner 
wie (h-. j. jamna. Icb messe : 100, 161, 165, 171 mm. ; McGregor (7V(//. Birda., 
p. 721) gibt 162 nnd 168 mm. an. 

liber den Artennamen jarana Cuvier fiir Javanensis Osbeck vergl. Hartert, 
Ifov. Zool. vol. ix. 19U2 p. 439. 



( 315 ) 

Die Arten verteileu sich : 

Gr. ptiloffeinjs Blytli : C'eylon. 

Gr. robusta Salvad. : Nias, Pnlii Babi, Banjak-Inseln. 

Gr. religiosa L. : Siidindien nnd Ceylon. 

Gr. venerata Bp. : Sumbawa, Flores, Pantar, Alor. 

Gr jucaiia jarana (Ciiv.) : Bali, Kaagc.an, Java, Snmatra, Billiton, Banka, 
Borneo, Natuna, Malakka, Sud-Tenasserim, Simalur. 

Gi: jarana palawanensis (Sharpe) : Palawan, Balabac, Calamianes. 

Gr.jacana enganensis Salvad. : Eagano, Mentawei- und Batu-Inseln. 

Gr. jarana intermedia A. Hay : Nord-Indien, Burma, Tenasserim, Nord- 
Malakka, Cochinchina, Siidwest-China, Hainan. 

Gr. jarana andamanensis (Beavan) : Andamanen and Nikobaren. 

III. Die indo-malayischen Formen von Anthus richardi Vieill. 

Die im folgendea besprocheneu Formen werdeu im Gat. B. vol. x. 1885 
p. 574, und iu Sbarpe's Handli,it, vol. v. 1909, p. 148, znsammen mit einer Anzahl 
afrikanischer Formen (liber letztere cf. 0. Neumann, J.f.O., 1906, p. 231) unter 
dem Nameu Anthus rufiilus Vieill. aufgefiihrt. Es beberbergt indessen das indo- 
malayische Gebiet ebenso wie das tropiscli-afrikanische mebrere wobl unter- 
scbiedene, sich geographisch vertretende Formen, von denen eine ostliche bereits 
durch Hartert in Nor. Zool. vol. iii. IS96 p. 558 unter dem Namen A/itJius 
ru/idus niedius Wall, charakterisiert wnrde. Das Studium des reichhaltigen 
Materials im Tring-Musenm ergab die Notwendigkeit einer weiteren Aufteilung. 
Ich betrachte alle diese Formen als Subspecies von Anthus richardi, eine Ansicht, 
die bereits Hartert in: Voyel d. pal. Fauna, vol. i. 1905, p. 266, vertreten hat. 
Eine scharfe Grenze zwiscben Anthus richardi und Anthus rufulm liisst sich 
nicht Ziehen, und " Anthus rufulm " aus Vorderindien steht A. richardi richardi 
Vieill. und A. richardi striolutus Blyth offenbar niiher als den ostlichen 
Vertretern {Anthus medius Wall.). 

1. Anthus richardi medius Wall. 

Anllnis medius Wallace, P.Z. S. 18G3. p. 488. — Timor (und Lombok). 

Wallace hat kein bestimmtes Exemplar als Typus desiguiert; es haben ihm 
vielmehr ein Timor- und ein Lombokstilck gleichzeitig bei der Beschreibung der 
Art vorgelegeu. Ich beschriinke den Naraen A. medius auf die ostliche Form, 
mit dem VVallace'schen Timorvogel als Typus, den er iu seiner Beschreibung aa 
erster Stelle auffiibrt. 

Federn der Oberseite briiunlich schwarz mit breiten hellbrannlich sandfarbenen 
Siiumen ; der Ubergang zwiscben beiden Fiirbnngen ist ziemlich schroff, wodurch 
die Vogel ober.seits scheckiger erscheinen als A. r. malayensis, alhidus und 
lugubris. Unterseite wesentlich heller als rufulus, malai/ensis und Itiguhris, aber 
nicht ganz so weiss wie albidus, insbesondere zeigen die Flanken und die rait 
miissig breiten, keilfcirraigen, fast schwarzen Schaftflecken ausgezeichneten Federn 
der Kropfgegend eineu etwas ausgepragter ockergelben Auflng. Kralle der Hiuter- 
zohe massig entwickelt, etwa so lang wie bei albidus nnd kiirzer wie bei den drei 
iibrigen Formen. 

24 Exemplare gepriift. 

Verbreitung : Timor, Kisser, Savu, Letti, Moa, Sermata. 



( 316 ) 

2. Anthus richardi albidus snbsp. n. 

Oberseite selir diinkel ; die briiUQlich scliwarzeii Fedeni des Riickens mit 
dunkelgrauen, etwas ins granolivfarbene iibergehenden Siinmen. Briinnliche 
Tone treten sehr znriick. Federii dcs Oberkopfes and Nackens hell ■rriiulich 
cremefarben gesanrat. Snpereiliarstreif scbmntzig weiss.— Unterseite schmutzig 
weiss, einige Exemplare ohne irgead welcheu gelbbtilnnlichen Anflng, bei den 
anderen nur die Federn der Kropfgegend leicht ockergelb iiberflogeii; Schaft- 
strii'he der Kropfgegeud fast scbwarz, miissig breit, keilfcirraig. 

Tvpns: S, Siid-Flores, Oktober 189G, A. Everett coll., iiu Tring-Mnseum. 

17 Exemplare gepriift. 

Verbreitung : Bali, Loinbok, Snmbawa, Flores, Snmba. 

3. Anthus richardi malayensis Ejton. 

Aiitkus imilaijeiiiiK Eyton, P.Z. S. 1839, p. 10+.— Malakka. 
Anthus eunnyjt Cabanis, Mm. lle'iii. vol. i. IB.'iO, p. 14. — Java. 

[Cori/daUa rasseiti Brehm ex Temm. M.S., errat. fur luisx'!ii, Niumanaia 18.36 p. 4ri3— nomen 
nudum !] Anthus hasseltii Schlegel ex Temminok M.S., Ilaiidl. Di'rk. vol. i. 1857, p. 2G.3— Java. 

Ganze Unterseite wie bei A. r. rufulus blass ockergelb verwasclien, die 
Krojifgegend und die Flanken am dunkelsten, und uur die Kelile weiss. 
Schaftstrichi' der Kropffedern gross, schwarzbraun. Snpereiliarstreif blass 
ockergelb.— Fiirbnng derjeiiigen Oberseite der von .1. r. alhidns sebr iihnlich, aber 
etwas briinnlicher. 

2 Exemplare aas dem Gebirge von Ostjava siud unterseits etwas weisslicher 
als die ubrigen und niihern sich ^1. /■. albidus. 

13 Exemplare gepriift. 

Verhrcittmg : Malakka, Borneo ( ?), Sumatra, Java. 

4. Anthus richardi lugubris (Walden). 

Corydalla lujubris Waldea, Trim. Ztul. Soc. L'ril. vol. i.t. 1877. p. 19S. — Guimaras (Philippinen). 

Diese Form zeichnet sich vor allem dnrch die abweichende Gestalt der 
dnuklen Flecken in der Kropfgegeud aus, die viel schmiiler sind als bei den 
Exemplaren von anderen Localitiiten, znweilen nnr einen diinnen Strich liings des 
Federschaftes bildend. Die Oberseite ist iihnlich derjenigen von mnlai/aniis (nnd 
viel dunkler als bei riifidus), die Federsitume besitzeu indessen einen ausgesprochen 
olivbriinnlicben Ton. 

13 Exemplare gepriift. 

Verbreitung : Philippinen, Palawan. 

5. Anthus richardi rufulus Vieill. 

Anlhiis rufulus Vieillot, Nouv. Diet. (VHlxl. Nat. vol. 26, 1818, p. 494.— Bengalen. 
Cirhlnps nhiquitarius Hodgson, Icon. ined. in Brit. .Mus., Passeres, pi. 122 f. 1, 2.— Xepal. 
Cichlops fortipps Hodgson, I.e. pi. 122a f. 2. — Nepal. 

Fiirbung der Unterseite mit derjenigen von -1. r. malaganus Hbereinstimmend, 
aber die Oberseite viel briitmlicher, die Federn mit bellen sandbrannen Siinmen. 
In dieser Hinsicht A. r. richardi nnd A. r. .strinla/i/.t sehr iihnlich ; die letzteren 
sind indessen grosser. Fliigelliinge von A. r. rufidus: 76-86 mm. 

21 Exemplare gepriift. 

Verbreitung : Vorder- nnd Central-Indien ; Ceylon. 



( 317 ) 

IV. Die Formen von Munia puncfulafa (L.). 

Vbersiclit. ■ 

1. Oberscbwanzriecken \\w\ ianerste Steuerfedern briinnlioh goldgelb oder 

griinlich goldgelb . . M. p. punctalata nnd M. p. suhundulata, 

2. OberschwaQzdecken iiad innerste StRuerfederQ duokel aschgr.in. 

M. p. ninoria. 
S. Oberschwaazdecken und inaerste Stenerfedeni stainpf griiiilieh gelb oder 
dunkel ockergelb. 
a. Oberseite rotlicb diiiikelbrann . . . . M. p. hlasii. 

/3. Oberseite heller, stumpf braun. 

a. Flilgel 4(5-51 ram. M. p. cabanisi. 

b. Fliigel o'Z-hb mm. M. p. topela. 

Munia punctulata blasii snbsp. n. 

Von M. p. nisoria, mit der diese Form bisher vereinigt wurde, sofort durch 
die im Schliissel angegebene Fiirbiing der Oberschwanzdecken nnd Stenerfedern 
zu uuter.scheiden. Dieses Keiinzeichen ist bereits Sharpe aufgefallen, cf. Cat. B. 
vol. xiii. p. 3o3 : " Flores examples show more vellow on the tail than those from 
Malakka" El)enso sagt Biittikofer in Not. Leijd. Mus. vol. xiv. 1892, p. 202 voa 
Exemplareu aiis Siimba : " In coloration they approach very much the species 
M. topela ... in having the upper tail-feathers tinged with green." Die Differenzen 
gegeniiber nisoria in der Breite der Banderung auf der Unterseite und in der 
Fiirbung der Oberseite, die' Biittikofer aasserdem angibt, sind individueller Natur 
gewesen. 

Von M. p. topela Swinh. ist die Form durch viel dunklere und deutliehere 
Banderung der Unterseite und durch die Fiirbung der Oberseite leicht zu unter- 
scheiden. In dieser Hinsicht gleicht sie M. p. nisoria. 

Im Triug-Mnseum befindet sich ein Exemplar, gesammelt von Dr. Platen ia 
Timor-Deli 12. Miirz 1885, das in Wilhelra Blasins' Handschrift einen nicht 
])ublicierten Namen triigt und als Typus dieser Art bezeichnet ist. Ich benenne 
die Form znm Andenken an den Vcrstorbenen und wiihle sein Exemplar als 
Typns. 

41 adnlte Exemplare gepriift nnd mit 18 nisoria nnd 65 topela verglichen. 

Verbreitiing : Flores, Sumba, Savu, Li'ublen, Timor, Kisser, Letti, Moa, 
Roma, Babber, Tenimber. 

Das Tring-Museum besitzt nnr zwei Exemplare von Munia punctulata ana 
Celebes, beide ans der Gegend von Makassar. Sie weichen von alien anderen 
Formen dadurch ab, dass die Steuerfedern nnd Oberschwauzdecken grangriin 
sind. Die Fiirbung der Oberseite ist ein sturapfes Brauu wie bei topela. und cabanisi, 
wiihrend die Unterseite breit gebilndert ist un 1 in der Zeichnung dieser liegioa 
mit nisoria nnd blasii iibereinstimmt, nicbt aber ia der Fiirbung der Federsiinme, 
welche diese Biindernng hervorrufen ; denn diese ist bei den Celebesstiicken ein 
ansgepriigtes Brauu, bei nisoria und blasii degegen ein meist selir tiefes Schwarz- 
braun. Gauz iibereinstimmend sagen Meyer und Wiglesworth in '17/e Birds of 
Celebes, vol. ii. 1898, p. 548, von eineai Makassarvogel : "Tail greenish drab, 
greener on the middle feathers. Undcrparts elsewhere marked with U-sbaped 



( 318 ) 

bars of rnfous brown." Sehr wahrscheinlich mnss die Celebesform eigens benannt 
werden, doeh ist ein gnisseres Material wiinschoiis'ivert. 

Munin punctidata cabaiiisi ist in der Farbting M. p. topela selir iihnlicb, aber 
sofort an der geringeren Grosse kenntlich. 

Flu^ellilnge in mm. (nnter Benutznng des Materials in Tring nnd London) : 

.1/. p. topela : 52, 52, 52, 53, 53, 53, 535, 54, 55, 55. 

M.p. cabanisi: 40, 40, 49, 50, 50, 50, 50, 50, 50, 51, 51. 

Den geringeren Gesamtproportionen entsprec-.hend ist uueli der Si-Lnabcl bei 
M. p. cabanisi anffiillig kleiuer. 

Zar Beurteilung der Stelhiug vou ^[. p. auhundulata liegt luir zu weuig 
Material von dieser Fovm vor. Es bat indessen den Anscbeiu, als sei sie keines- 
weo-s constant, nnd als bezeicliue man uuter diesem Nameu die zablreichen 
Cbei-o'aDfstufen zwischen M. p. punctulata und topela, die als solche keinen 
selbstiiudigen Nameu verdieiieu, sondern am geeignetsten dnrch die Formel 
.]/. p. ptuu-tiilata g topela ihven taxonomiscben Ausdruck finden wiirden. 

Von oTossem Interesse sind einige Exemplare von den ostafrikanischen Inseln, 
wo die Art nach Hartlaub {die Vogel Madagascars, p. 403), eingefiibrt worden ist, 
Im Tring-Mnsenm befinden sich 3 ausgetarbte Exemplare ans Rdnnicin, 3 ans 
Manritins nnd eines von den Se\'chellen. Eines von diesen, ans Mauritins stam- 
meud stimmt in der Fitrbnng aller Teile vollkommen mit typiscben vordevindischeu 
Stiicken i'lberein, die iibrigen haben einen grangelben Biirzel nnd grunlich graue 
Stenerfedern nnd halten die Mitte zwischen nisoria nnd blasii. Biittikofer 
beschreibt (I.e., p. 203) sechs Exemplare von Bonrbon, nnd gibt als Farbung von 
Biirzel nnd iinsseren Stfuerfedern an : " Not asby gray, bnt sensibly tinged with 
pale olive-green." Sharpe nnd Biittikofer stellen diese Vugel zn M.p. nisoria ; 
Merer und Wigleswortb knupfen {I.e. p. 540) an die ; Biittikofersche Notiz die 
Betrachtnnf : " The example serves to illustrate our postulate that colonists 
become changed more than stayers-at-home." .Soilte es sich vielleicht um 
Bastarde zwischen M. p. punctulata nnd nisoria handeln ? 

Die Formen von Mania punctulata verteileu sich folgendermassen : 

M. p. punctulata (L.) : Ceylon nud Vorderindieu bis znm Himalaya, Assam 
und Cachar. 

"jl/. p. subundulata Godw. Aust." : Uachar, Mauipur, Burma, Tenasserim, 
Siam, Cochiuchina. 

M. p. topela Swinh. : Sudchina, Hainan, Formosa. 

M. p. cabanisi Sharpe : Luzon, Mindoro, Panay. 

M. p. suh.sp. ? : Celebes. 

At. p. blasii Stres. : Flores bis Tenimber. 

.1/. p. nisoria (Temm.) : Malakka, Sumatra, Java, Bali, Lombok. 

V. Die Formen von Ploceus manyar (Horsf.). 

Sharpe vereinigt im Cat. B. vol. xiii. \\ 400, nnd in seiner Handlist, vol. v. 

1909, p. 481, deu indischen mit dcm javauischeu Vogel, uiid seinem Beisi)iel sind 

alle neneren Autoren gefolgt. Der Unterschied beider Formen ist indessen recht 

■ betriicbtlich, nnd es ist sehr anfiiiilig, dass er so lange ubersehen werden konnte, 



( 319 ) 

ziimal dieser in seiner Heiraat liilnfi^e Vogel aneh in den Sammlnngen keineswegs 
selten ist. Reichenow erwiibnt in seiner " Monograpliie der Gattnng Ploceus " 
(Zoo/. .Tahih. vol. i. 1886), die Art nicht von Java. 

1. Ploceus manyar manyar (Horsf.). 

FrinyiUa mamjiir Horsfield, Trans. Liiiii: Soc. Land. vol. xiii. 1822, p. IGO. — Java. 
Nelii'iirvhix einherizinua Reichenbjich, Ausl. Sinfji\ 1861. p. 7G. — Ceram ( ! ). 

Ahbildung : Reichenbach, Aasl. Singr. \\. 34, f. 269-72. 
Verbreitung : Java, Bali. 

2. Ploceus manyar flaviceps Less. 

I'lueeun Jtiiricrpn Lesson, Traite d'Oni. 1831. p. 435. — Pondicherry. 
Euplectes slrialiis Blyth, J. ,1. .S. Beiifl. vol. xi. 1842, p. 872 — Bengalen. 

Nelicurciiis flaricej)s Reichenbach, Ausl. Singv. 18C1. p. 75. — " Bengalen, Nepaul, Assam, Scinde, 
Siidindien, Tenasserim, Java." 

Verbreituiiq : Vorderindien, Ceylon, Central-Indien, Bnrma, Tenasserim. 
Reichenbach, der freilich ilber die Herknnft seines Nelicurmus einberizinus 
im Irrtum war, hat die Formen bereits treflfend charakterisiert mit den Worten : 
" Der emberiziuus ist besonders durch die feine Schaftstreifung seiner Ernst 
ausgezeiolmet, wiihrend bei Jiariceps sowohl die Schaftstreifen der Brust, als auch 
zahlreiche dergleiclien an den Seiten und nach liiiiten breiter nud liinger sind." 
Dieses Merkmal findet sich bei beiden Geschlechteru, doch ist beim ? der 
Unterschied auti'illliger. Sehr charakteristich ist insbesondere, dass flaviceps eine 
ausgejirilgte Schaftstreifung in der Weichengegend autVeist, wiihrend diese Zeichuiing 
bei imuiynr hier nar uoch sehwach angedentet ist. Kennzeichnend f(\r mangar 
ist ferner der intensiv rostlich branne Ton der Federu an Brust nnd Flanken ; 
bei flAiciceps sind dicselben sehr fahl isabellfarbeu oder gelblich isabellt'arben. 
Bei mangar ist die Banchmitte zieralich scharf abgesetzt weisslich, hex flaviceps 
hingegen findet ein ganz allmjihlicher Farbeniibergang statt. Alle diese Merkmale 
zeigen Reichenbachs Abbildnugei! reeht charakteristiscb. Die Oberseite ist bei 
flaviceps dunkler, da die dnnkleu Federcentren, insbesondere beim ? , in der Regel 
breiter nnd schwiirzer sind. Schliesslich sind beim ? von flaviceps die Federn 
des Oberkopf'es hell graubrauu gesitumt, bei mangar dagegen briiunlich gelb. 

"VI. Die Formen von Pratincola caprafa (L.). 
1. Pratincola caprata caprata (L.). 

Molucilla ciijjralii Linne, St/st. Nat. ed. xii. 1766. p. 335. — Luzon. 

S aih Hauptfarbnng ein tiefes gliinzendes Schwarz ; Oberschwanzdecken und 
Spitzen der Pedern des Unterriickens reinweiss, die zwei liingsten Obersehwanz- 
deckfedern mit schwarzen Enden ; Unterschwanzdecken nnd apikale Hiilfte der 
Federn an Banch und Weichengegend weiss ; grosse Deckfedern der innersten 
Armsehwingen, kleine innerste Fliigeldeckfedern nnd Basis der Anssenfahnen der 
innersten Armsehwingen weiss, wodurch ein grosser langlicher Fleck gebildet 
wird. In ganz frischem Gefieder sind die Federn von Kopf, Hals nnd Riicken 
mit sehr sclimalen fahlbrannen Sunmen verseiien, diejenigen von Unterbrnst nnd 
Banch mit breiteren weisslichbrauuen ; ebenso besitzen dann die Oberschwanzdecken 
fahl rostfarbene Endsiinrae. 

Fliigelliinge in mm. : (54, 6ft, 6T, 67, 68, 70, 70. 



( 320 ) 

? acl. : Federa der Oberseite dnnkel briiiinlich wran, mit dnnkleren (^entren ; 
Oberscbwanzdecken nnd Siiitzen der Federn dcs Oberriickeiis rostlich zimmtfarben ; 
Unterseite hell graubraiiri, rostbraun verwaselieii, letztere Farbiuijr besoiiders au 
Hiuterbnist nad Bauch deiitlicher aasgepriigt ; Kehle hell weissgran. Alle Federn 
der Unterseite mit schwarzbraunen Centren. — Schwingen und Oberfliigeldecken 
schwarzbranti mit weissgranen bis fahl rostllcheii Siinmen. Steiierf'ederu tief 
schwarzbrann. Unterschwauzdeckeii weisslich bis zimmtfarben. — In abgenntztem 
Gefieder ist die Ober- nnd Unterseite dnnkler, anf letzterer tritt die rostbranne 
Fiirbnng weuiger dentlich hervor. 

Fliigellilnge in mm. : 63 ; 63; G4,o; 6o ; 05; 65 ; 65; 66,5; 67. 

Krstesi Jiigeml/deid : Oberseite des S sehwarzbraun, des ? duukelbrann : 
Federn von Kopf nnd Nacken mit kleinen, diejenigen der iibrigen Oberseite 
mit grosseren weisslichen Apicalflecken. Biirzelfedern beim ? fahl zimmtfarben, 
beim i weiss mit breiten rostfarbenen Spitzen. Federn der Unterseite dnnkcl- 
brann mit breiten hell weissgranen Flecken, die znweiien einen rostfarbenen 
Anflng habon und dunkelbrann gesiinmt sind. Banch weisslich gran mit ocker- 
gelbem Anflng. Unterschwanzdecken weisslich.— Schwingen nnd Stenerfedern 
beim jnugen i nnd ? wie beim alteii Vogel, aber die Seknndiiren mit breiten liellen 
Siinmen ancli beim i. Der u-eisse Flugelspiegel des <3 ist bereits in dieaem Kleide 
ausgebildct. 

Vcrhreitung : Philippinen. 

2. Pratincola caprata bicolor (Svkes). 

Saxicola bicohr Sjkes, Proc. Zool. Soc. Loml. 1832. p. 32. — Deccan. 

Der vorigen Form sehr iihnlich, aber dnrcli anfFallend schlankeren Schnabel 
und dnrchschnittlich etwas bedentendere Grosse unterschieden. Beim cJ ist das 
Weiss an den Federn von Banch nnd Flanken ansgedehnter. 

Fliigellange in mm. : 

c?c? : 64 ; 07 ; 67 ; 67 ; 68 ; 69 ; 69 ; 69 ; 69 ; 70 ; 71 ; 72. 

? ¥ : 6-4 ; 65 ; 65 ; 66 ; 06 ; 60 ; 60,5 ; 67 ; 07 ; 08 ; 69 ; 69. 

Verbreitung : Ganz Vorder- nnd (Jentralindien bis niirdlich zum Himalaya, 
Burma, Tenasserim [und Malakka ?]. 

3. Pratincola caprata atrata Blyth. 

Pratincola iilrahi Blyth, ex Kelaart M.S., ./. A.S. Beiig. vol. x.\. 1851. p. 177.— Ceylon. 

Der Form Pr. c. bicolor in der Fiirbnng iihnlich, aber wesentlich grosser und 
mit viel krilftigerem Schnabel ; dieser misst bei atrata etwa 12, bei bicolor 
etwa 10 mm. 

Fliigelliinge : c?c? 75,5 ; 76; 76 ; 78 ; 78 ; 78; 78,5 ; 79 ; 80; 80,5; 80,5 mm. 
? ? 72 ; 74 ; 70,5 ; 77 : 77 mm. 

Verbreitung : Ceylon und die Gebirge des siidlichsten Vorderindiens, hier 
anscheinend anf die holieren Kegionen beschriinkt. 

4. Pratincola caprata rossorum Hart. 

Pratinrnla rapraUt rossorum Hartfirt, ././. (J. I'.UO. p. 180. — Transcaspien. 

Der Form Fr. c. bicolor am uiichsten stehend ; indessen sind die tTc? dnrch 
eine viel grossere Ausdehnnng der weissen Fiirbnng am Unterkorper, die wenigstens 



( 321 ) 

in der Mitte bis znr Brust reicht, nnd durch geriugeren Glanz des schwarzen 
Gefieders nnterschieden, dass in abgetragenem Kleide braunschwarz crsclieint. 
Zwei der mir vorliegenden ? ? sind heller als irgend eiu Stiick der anderen 
Foriuen, oberseits fast sandfarben. 

Fliigelliinge in mm.: (?t? 71) ; 71,5; 72; 72; 74; 74; 75; 70; 70. 
? ? 67 ; 72 ; 74. 

Verbreiltirig : Trauskaspien, Persien, Afghanistan, Kaschmir. Als Wintergast 
in den Ebenen Nordwest-Indiens. 

5. Pratincola caprata fruticola (Horsf'). 

Saxkola fruticola Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. Loud. vol. xiii. 1821, p. Ifi7. — Java. 

Die Vergleichnng eines grosseren Materials hat die Notwendigkeit der 
Abtrennnng der Snnda-vogel von den Philippinen-vfigeln ergeben. Beide Formen 
sind einander iinsserst ahnlich, doch ist Pr. c. fr tit kola durch bedeuteudere Grnsse 
ansgezeii'hnet. Serien von Java bis Wetter stimmen in Fiirbung und Massen 
vollkommen iiberein, wiihrend solche von Timor, Kisser und Savu einen nicdrigeren 
Dnrchschnitt anfweisen. Der Biirzel ist beiin ? darchweg ockerfarben oder hell 
rJTstlich mit Ansnahrae eines ? von Siid-Java, wo er weisslioh und nur schwach 
ockergelb verwaschen erseheint. 

Fliigelmasse in mm. : 

iS : Java 70 ; 70; 70 ; 71 ; 74 ; 74 — Bali 09,5 ; 71 ; 71,5 ; 71,5 — Lombok 
70; 72,5; 73; 74— Snmbawa 70; 70,5 ; 73,5— Flores 69; 71 ; 72; 74— Alor 70; 
71— Wetter 71,5; 72; 73; 74— Timor 66; 68; 69; 69; 70; 70; 70; 71; 71— 
Kisser OS ; 70 ; 70 ; 70— Savu 08,5. 

? ? : Java 68 ; 69 ; 74— Bali 68,5 ; 69 ; 70— Lombok 69 ; 71— Snmbawa 68 ; 
69 ; 69— Flores 71 ; 72— Lomblen 69,5 ; 70— Wetter 69 ; 69— Timor 05 ; 06 ; 66; 
66; 68; 68; 09; 69; 71— Kisser 67; 67,5; 72— Savu 65 ; 67. 

Die zwei mir vorliegenden ? ? ad. von Babber haben reinweisse Oberschwanz- 
decken und sind oberseits dunkler, nnterseits graner als Vugel von den anderen 
Inseln ; al. c? 69 ; ? ? 64,5 ; 66 mm. Ebenso haben die beiden nntersuchten 
? ? von Snmba reinweissen Biirzel ; al. c? 7<l; ? ? 69, 69 mm. 

Verljreitaiiy : Java, Bali, Lombok, Snmbawa, Flores, Lomblen, Alor, Wetter ; 
Timor, Kisser, Savn [Snmba (?), Babber (?)]. 

6. Pratincola caprata albonotata subsp. n. 

Diese Form ist von alien iibrigen im weiblichen Geschlecht dureh die 
Farbnng der grosseu Flugeldeckfedem ansgezeichnet, die uicht dunkelbrann, 
sondern grdsstenteils rein weiss sind mit mehr oder minder breiten schwarz- 
braunen Siiumen ; der so am geschlossenen Fliigel entstehende weisse Fleck wird 
durch die Sclmlferfedern nicht ganz verdeckt. Ebenso sind die t'entren der 
meisten mittleren Fliigeldeckfedem weiss. — Dieses Merkmal ist bei fiinf der mir 
vorliegenden ? ? vorziiglich ansgepriigt, und fehlt nur bei einem. — Alle Weibchen 
haben reinweissen Biirzel ; die iibrige Oberseite ist dnnkel aschgran, die 
Unterseite weissgrau mit dnukelbrannen Federce^ntren, ohne rostfarbenen Anflng. 
Unterschwanztlecken weiss. Unterfliigehlecken und Axillareu in der Hegel weiss 
rait schwachem gelblichem Anflng, nicht rOstlich- oder grau-isabellfarben wie bei 
den vorhergehenden Formen. 



( 322 ) 

Meyer nnd Wip:Iesworth {The Birds of Celeheg, vol. i. p. 39]) beschreiben 
ein ? von Central-! 'elebes : " Lower rninp, ujjpor tail-coverts and under tail- 
coverts white, tinged with bnff; . . . wing coverts blackish, with pale brown edges, 
some of the concealed inner greater and middle coverts mostly white." Vergl. 
ferner I.e. p. 3'.)'2 : " Tlie Indian female is described by Oates as having the 
npper tail-coverts ferrngineons ; tiiey are almost white in Celebes." — Partielle 
AVeissfiirbuug der grossen Fliigeldecken fiudet sich bei vielen ? ? von der 
Snndakette, doch besitzt diese Zeichnang stets weit geringere Ansdehnnng und 
ist anf eine viel kleinere Auzahl vou Federn beschriinkt. 

Typns : ? ludrnlamaQ 3. Okt. 1895, A. Everett coll. ; ini Tring-Mnseum. 

Fliigelliinge in mm. : 

<Si Celebes 67; 07; 07; 08; 08 ; 68 ; 09 ; 09 ; 09— Saleyer 05. 

? ? Celebes 64 ; 05,5 ; 66 ; 66 ; 67— Saleyer 03. 

Verbreitung : Celebes, Buton, Saleyer. 

7. Pratincola caprata aethiops (Scl.). 

Poecil(idn/us aethiops Solater, P. Z. S. 18S0. p. 66 pi. vii. f 1. — Neupommern. 

Pralinrnhi rajinitti caprata (?) und Pr. c. atmta (<J), Rothschild und Hartert, Nov. Zonl. 1903, 

p. 468. 
Pratinrola caprata aftli'npn, Rothschild und Hartert, iVof. Zool. UI07, p. 467 (Hier sind versehentlich 

zwei J ? von Owgarra als (J ^J juv. aufgefiihrt). 

Der Celebes-Form am niichsten steheud ; das ? ebenfalls mit weissen oder 
sehr f'ahl oekergelb verwascheuen Uberschwanzdecken und weissen Unterschwanz- 
decken, aber ohne Weiss an den grossen Fliigeldeckfedern. In der Fiirbnng der 
Ober- und Unterseite stimraen die ? ? beider Formen auch im iibrigen mit einander 
iiberein. 

Fliigelliinge in mm. : 

c?c? 75; 77; 77; 78; 78; ein aberrant kleines d ans Herbertshoho im 
Dresduer Museum : 09. 

? ? 73; 74; 74. 

Verbreitung : Gebirge Britisch Neu-Guineas und Neu-Pommcrn. 



VII. Phylloscopus trivirgatus parvirosfris .subsp. n. 

C'r!/2>tolopha tririrr/ata,Sha.rpe P.Z.S. 1K87. p. 43.^.— Perak ; id., P.Z.H. 1888. p. 271.— Perak ; 
Hartert, Nov. Zool. 1902. p. 553.-6. Tahan ; Grant, Juurii. Fat. Mai. ^lat. .Uii.t. vol. iii. 1908. 
p. 36— G. Tahan ; Robinson J./. .1/. St. .l/«.5. vol. ii. 19011. p. I'JO ; id., BiriU Mai. Pen. 
1910. p. 13. 

Vou P/i. tr. trifin/attt.'i Strickl. (.Java, Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa) diirch viel 
kttrzeren und an der Basis schmiileren Schnabel uuterschieden, anscheinend auch 
durch etwas geringere Fliigelliinge, indem das grijsste der vier mir vorliegenden 
Exemplare eine solche von 56 mm. anfweist, wiihrend viele Sunda-vogel 58 bis 
59 mm. erreichen. 

Verbreitung: Gebirge der malayischen Halbinsel oberhalb 4000 f. — Samatra- 
vogel (cf. Salvadori Ann. Mas. Civ. Oen. vol. xiv. 1879, p. 204) habe ich nicht 
nntersucht, doch sind sie \oranssichtlich mit der nenen Form ident. 

Typus: «J Gunnng Tahan (Pahang), 5200 f, 13. Juli 1911 ; im Tring-Mnseum. 



( 323 ) 

VIII. Revision einiger Muscicapiden-Gattungen. 

Siphia — Erythrostema— Muscicapula— Dendrobiastes— Erythromyias — 
Digenea — Anthipes— Cy omis — Ochromela. 

Die generische Eiuordunng der liier besprochenen Mnscicapiden gehiirt zu 
den schwierigsten Kapiteln der ornitliologischen Syistematik, mid fast jeder, der 
sicli bisher damit beschiiftigte, gelangte zu neuen Ergebuissen. Wir begegnen 
bier einer starkeii Divergenz in plastischeii Merkinalen, Fiirbung und Zeichnung 
selbst bei offeiibar naheii Verwandten, nnd systeiiiatische Merkmale, wie die 
Gestalt des Schuabels oder allgemeine Fiirbnngscbaraktere, die anderswo zur 
Erkennung genetischer Beziehungen vou Nutzen seiu kiiunen, fiibren bier, wenn wir 
nnsere Scbliisse nor anf die Untersnchnng eines oder weniger dieser Kennzeichea 
basieren, leicht sebr in die Irre. Es miissea bier Gruppen von Merkmalen zur 
Charakterisierung der Gattungeu znsammenwirken, und es ist schwierig, diese 
Cbaraktere zu eiuem brancbbaren Schliissel zu ordnen ; Anordnnngen, die wie 
die Sbarpe'scbe im Cat. B. vol. iv. 1879, pp. 111-1211 im Weseutlicben nur die 
Form des Schuabels nnd die Fliigelliiuge als Grnndlage haben, miissen leicht 
zur Trennung verwandter Gattungeu nnd zur Znsammenstellung heterogenster 
Formen fiibren, wie dies ira Cat. of Birds auch tatsiichlich geschehen ist, wo 
z. B. Enjthromijias nnd Muscicaptda 250 Seiten weit von den ihnen ganz nahe 
verwandten Gattungeu Siphia und Digenea getrennt und dazwischen ganz 
fernstehende Formen eingeschoben werden. 

Die vielfachen offenkundigen Missgriffe bei diesem ersten imraerhin sehr 
verdienstlichen Versuche Sharpe'.s, eine natnrgemiisse Einteilung der gesammteu 
Familie zn schafien, veranlassten Oates in The Birch of British India, vol. ii. 
(1890) eine nene Anordnung der indischen Formen vorzunehmen und die 
Gattungeu nen zu cbarakterisieren, nnd seine Arbeit bezeiehnet hierin einen 
wesentliclien Fortschritt. In Sbarpe's Handlist, vol. iii. fand das Oatessche AVerk 
voile Beriicksichtignug ; auch euthiilt die llandli.'it eine Auzahl anderer wesent- 
licher Besseruugen gegeniiber dem Cat. of Birds. Im gleichen Jahr (1901) 
erschien ein s^'stematischer Versuch von Dr. Finsch in Not. Let/d. Mus. vol. x.xiii. 
pp. 33-52, in dem die Gattungen Nitidiila — Poliomj/ias — Eri/throsterna — Siphia — ■ 
Muscicapula — Diqenea — Rldnomijius — t 'i/ornis — Schiraneria einer neuen Unter- 
snchnng nnterzogen werden. Die Ergebnisse dieser Arbeit fiibren in vieler Beziehung 
von der gleicbzeitigen Sharpe'schen Anordnung ab ; diese Abweichungen bedeuten 
indessen einen neuen bedeuteuden Fortschritt, iusbesondere die Charakterisierung 
der Gattungen Muscicapula und Digenea. — Hartert geht meiner Ansicht nach 
zn weit, wenn er ( Vogel d. pal. Fauna, vol. i. p. 473) zur Begriindung seiner 
Sammelgattnng Muscicapa bemerkt : " Wie wenig haltbar viele der bisher 
angeuommenen Genera sind, wird am besten dadurch bewiesen, dass jeder Autor 
die Gattungen anders begrenzt, vermindert oder vermehrt. Zwischen geringen 
Unterschieden in der Schnabelliinge, Schnabelbreite nnd -hohe, der Liiuge und 
Auzahl der Bartborsten, 8chwanzl;lnge n.s.w. finden meist eklatante Ubergiinge 
statt, die Farbuug kaun ebeufalls nicht als Gattungsmerkmal dienen. Infolge- 
dessen sind wir genutigt, die Gattungen Ilemickelidon, Alseonax, Iledymela, Siphia, 
Cgornis, Digenea, Poliomgias, Zantkopygia, Cijanoptila nnd mehrere tropische 
Gattungen unter dem Namen Muscicapa zusammenznfassen." 

Driickt nicht vielleicht eine derartige Zusammenfassung eine Verkennung der 



(324) 

praktischen Bedentnng der Genera aas, die doch nichts anderes siad als eiii 
systematisches Hilfsmittel zur Bezeicliiinng eiigerer Verwandtschaftsverlialtuisse 
der Arten ? Und sollte uicht eiu derartiges Sammelgenns, weil as die erwuusehte 
Ubersiclit ilber nahe znsammengehorige Spezies nicUt gewiihrt, als unpraktisoL zu 
verwerfeu seiu ? Demi die Ubergituge zwischen den durch Hartert ziisamnien- 
gefassten (iattnogen siiid durclians uicht immer so eklataiit, wie man nacli 
seiuen Ausfiihruugen annehmen kOnnte, und es lassen sich fiir eine Anzahl 
dieser Genera Merkinale pracisieren, die mehr siud als iiusserliclie systematische 
Hilfsmittel nnd vielleicht die Bedentnng phylogenetiscber Charaktere habeii. 

Mehr als dies bisber der Fall gevvesen ist, verdienen biulogische Merkmalo 
bei der Klassifiziernng der hier besproeheneii Arten Beriieksichtignng. Deuu die 
letztereu weiclieu, wie ich micb selbst durch die Beobachtnug einiger hierher 
gehOriger Formen iiberzengen konnte, in ihrer Lebensweise zum Teil sehr 
betriichtlich von einander ab, indem beispielsweise einige nach " typischer " 
Muscicai)idenart in den Kronen der Biiiime leben nnd im Flnge Insekteu fangen, 
sowie ihre Nester in den Kronen huherer Biinme oder in Holilen anlegen, wilhrend 
andere sich bestiindig dicht iiber dein Boden anfbalten und Erdbiilter sind. Ich 
werde daher im folgenden das weseutlicbste zusammenstelleu, was bisber uber 
die Lebens- und Xistweisc der Arten bekannt geworden ist. Natiirlich bin ich 
uicht der Meinung, dass man ein System nach biologischen Merkmalon anfbanen 
darf ; aber jedeafalls kaun die Lebensweise gera le bei weuiger gtit nntersuchten 
Formen einen Fingerzeig fiir die Systematik gewiiiircn. 

Fiir ein wicbtiges imd exactes systematisches Jlerkmal in diesen Gattungen 
halte ich das Verbiiltnis der Handschwingen zn einander ; a zeigt sich, dass 
dieses Verhiiltnis bei offensichtlich ualie ver.vandten Formen stets da-! gleiche ist, 
wiihreud, wie ich bereits eingang-i erwiiliute. Fiirbung nnd Schnabeltbrm stark 
variieren. Schon Finsch hat seine Anordnunir za;u Teil auf die Scliwin^enformel 
basiert. 

In der folgenden Ubersicht der Gattungen siml die Hand-Schwingeu ihrer 
relativen Liinge nach georduet (bei geschlossenera Fliigel gemessen) : 

3 = 4 = o;0 = ;i;T . . . . Kri/thrustfrita. 
^^ = 4 = o ; G ; 2 = 7 . . . . Muscica/jula. 

4 = 5;G = 3;7;2 = S . . . S'/j^/i/a imd Ci/oniis. 

4 = 5 = 6;3;7;2 = 8 . . . Diuidrobiastes und Digenea. 

4 = 5 = 6;3 = 7;8;2 = 9. . . l-ln/t/iromijias. 

4 = 5 = 0; 7 ; 3; 8; 9; 2 = 10 . . Antlnpes.' 

5; 4 = G; 3 = 7; 8 ; 9; 10 ; 2 . . Ochromela. 

Zor Synonymie : 

1. Sharpe, Cat. />'. vol. iv. 1879; citiert als 1. 

2. Gates, liirds of British India, 1890 ; citiert als 2. 

3. Sharpe, fhinllist nf Birda, vol. iii. 19111 ; citiert als 3. 

4. Finsch, "Zur Catalogisiernng der ornitlKilogischcn Al)teilnng : Mnsci- 

capidae," yotes Lei/d. Mus. vol. x.xiii. I'.Htl ; citiert als 4. 

i. Siphia (Hodgson 1837 fiir .S'. stro/j/tiata): 

1. Siphia pt. 

2. Siphia pt. 

3. Siphia \>t. 

4. Sijihia. 



( 326 ) 

Gescblecbtsdiraor])hisnins selir gerin,<r. Einzige Art: Siphia sfrophiata Hodgs. 
— Himalaya, Assam, Maaipiir, Burma, West-(Jhiiia. 

In der Lebensweisc scbeint diese Art an Pratincola zii erinneni. " It may 
often be seen ou tbe roadside, seated on a fallen tree, frennently aligbting on tbe 
ground to pick up an insect, and occasionally makes a dart at one in the air, 
returning after eacb sally to its percb " (Jerdon, Birds of India, vol. i. 1877, 
p. 470). Nistweise vergl. Baker, Ibis 1900 p. 270. 

ii. Erythrosterna (Bonii])arte 1838 fiir M. pnrca). 

1. Muscicapa j)t. (a. b. c.) ; Poliomi/ias (d. e.). 

2. Siphia pt. (a. b. c.) ; Ci/ornis pt. (d. e.). 

3. Siphia jit. (a. b. c.) ; Poliomyias (d. e ). 

4. Eri/throsterna (a. b.) ; Poliom>/ias (d. e.). 

a. E. parca parca (Beclist.). 

b. E. parca albicilla (Pall.). 
0. E. hijpenjthra (Cab.). 

d. E. mugimaki (Temm.). 

e. E. hodgsoni (Verr.). 

Gescblechter dimorpb. S stets mit lebUaft rostbrauner Brust und weisser 
Basis der iiiisserea Stenerfedern. Flil^ellange 60-75 mm. Scbnabel flacb, aber 
meist etwas scblanker als bei Mnscicapxla. 

Die Nistweise ist nur von der paliiarktisclien Art E. parca bekannt. Das 
Nest stebt in Banmbohlen, ancb in der Gabel starker Zweige und eutbiilt 5-7 Eier. 
E. parca ist ein gnter Sanger ; dasselbe bericbtet Hume (yNest and Eggs of Indian 
Birds, ed. ii. vol. ii. 1889, p. 2) von der in Kasclimir lebenden Art hypenjthra : 
" The song is sweet, loud and robin-like." 

iii. Muscicapnla (BIytb 1843 fiir M. sapphira). 

1. Muscicapula pt. (a. c. d. e.). 

2. Ci/ornis pt (a. c. d. e.). 

3. Muscicapula pt. (a. b. c. d e.). 

4. Muscicapula (a. 1). c. d. e.). 

a. M. melanoleuca melanolcuca Blytb. 

b. M. melanolcuca westerminni Sharpe. 

c. M. superciliaris (Jerd.). 

d. .1/. astigma (Hodgs.). 

e. M. sapphira Blytli. 

Die Gattung ist ansser durch die Scbwingenformol dnrcli den flacheu und breiten 
Scbnabel gut cbarakterisiert. Gescblechter stark dimorpb. FlUgellange etwa 
54-65 mm. 

Icb batte Gelegenheit, die Form M. melanoleuca westermanni biiiifig im Gebirge 
von Perak, Bali und tleram zn beobacbten. Sie findet sicb im lichten Gebirgs- 
nrwald oberhalb 3(M)0 f und bevorzngt als Sitzplatz die freistebenden Aste grosser 
Biiume, von wo aus sie ibre Rente im Fluge erhascbt. In Ceram traf icb diesen 
biibschen Fliegenfaiiger hiinlig zwiscbeu den Bliiteubiiscbeln einer mittelhoben 
Baumart versteckt, die zablreicbe Insektea anlockten und ibm so den Nabrnngs- 
erwerb erieichterten. Der Vogel ist weuig leblial't, u:id biilt sicb — -wie man dies 
auch bei unserer europaiscbeu Iledijmela hypoleuca beobacbten kann — oft stunden- 
lang auf demselben Baum auf, nur ab und zu zum Insektenfang in die Luft 
binausfiicgend. Ins niedere GebiiscU kommt er seUr selten, und nur dort, wo es 



( 326 ) 

ilim an lioheren Ruhepnnkten fehlt. Einen Gesaug habe ich nie vernoramen ; 
doch sprieht Whitehead in lljis, 189'..l. p. lU.j, von " his pretty song." Uer Lockruf 
ist ein rauhes zrr, ahnlich deinjenigen von ^[u.•scicapa striata. Whitehead 
beschreibt (in The Exploration of Kiiai Bulu, 1S03, p. 211) ein Xest t'olgeuder- 
massen : " The nest was jilaced in a creeper in the big forest, at about 40 feet 
from the ground ; it was tjuite a small pile of moss, dee]), and lined with fine 
white roots, a ver)' pretty bit of work." Vergl. feruer Stuart Baker, I.e. p. 272. 

Von M. superciliaris, sagt Oates in Birds of British India, vol. ii. 189U. p. 18, 
dass sie 5 Eier in ein napffiirmiges, in einer BanmhOhle oder einer Mauer befindliches 
Moosnest legt. 11 tier }f. snppldra cf. Stuart-Baker Ihis 1905, p. 273. 

iv. Dendrobiastes fiir D. hn.vlaidca, Sharpe, Trans. Linn. Soc. Land. 1877. 
p. 332. 

1. Muscicapula pt. (a); Siphia j)!. (b). 

2. Cyornis pt. (a). 

3. Muscicapula pt. (a. d. e. f. g.) ; Dammeria (c) ; Ci/ornis pt. (b). 

4. Digenea pt. (a) ; Cyornis pt. (b). 

a. D. hjpcnjthra (Blyth) uud subspecies. 

b. D. rujigula (Wall.). 

c. D. henrici (Hart.). 

d. D. luzoniensi.'t (Grant). 

e. D. nigrorum (Whitehead). 

f. D. basilanica Sharpe. 

g. D. samarensis (Bourns et Wore), 
h. D. montigena (Mearns). 

Stenerfedern stets einfarbig, mit Ansnahme des $ von T). hypenjtkra, bei dem 
die Basis der iiusseren Stenerfedern weiss ist. Geschlechter dimorph. Beim S 
stets ein weisser Superciliarstreif vorhanden, der znweilen nnr sehr schwach aus- 
gebildet ist (bei B. rujigula sind nur noch die C'entren der Federn iiber dem 
hinteren Angenwinkel weiss ; bei D. basilanica ist nnr der hintere Teil des Streifens 
erhalten, zwei weisse Flecken in der Nackeugegend bildend); ? mit fahlbriiun- 
lichem Superciliarstreif, der meist nicht soweit nach binten reicht wio beim S , bei 
den ? ? von 1). samarensis nnd J), rujigula sogar ganz fehlt ; diese sind als tfber- 
gangsformen zur Gattnng Erythromyias anfznfassen, von welcher Dendrobiastes 

nicht leicht zu trennen ist. Lencbtend blane Federn (die charakteristisch fur 

Cyornis sind) fehlen. Scbuabel gestreckter als bei Muscicapula und mit hoherem 
First, aber schwiicher als bei Erythromyias. Flugelliinge etwa .55 — 70 mm. 

In J^'otes Leyd. Mus. vol. .x.xii. pp. 201-262, vereiuigt Finsch das Hartertscho 
Genus Dammeria (cf Nov. Zool. 1900, p. 14) mit Poecilodryas. Diese Placieruug 
erscheint indessen als verfehlt, und Hartert bemerkt liierzu in Nov. Zool. vol. .xiii. 1901! 
p. 297, mit vollem Recht : '• I readily believe that it is desirable to diminish the 
genera vii Muscicapidae very considerably ; but if this is dune, and Dammeria shouhl 
be suppressed, it would far better be united with Mu.icicapula than with roecilodryas, 
a genus which inhabits Australia and the Papuan Islands, but not the South- West 
Islands." Ich betrachte " Dammeria " henrici als I h-ndrobiasites kyperythra sehr nahe 
stehend ; die ? ? beider Formeu ithneln einauder in hohem Masse. I<]s scheint mir 
iiberhaupt, dass in diesen Gattungeu die ? ?, als das in der Farbuug conservativere 
Element, fiir die Klassificierung der Arten mnhr Beriicksichtigung verdienen als die 
oft sehr specialisierten 66. 



( 327 ) 

Dendrobiastes hi/peri/thra traf ich vereiuzelt in Bali nnd sehr hiinfig in den 
Gebirgeii von Ceram nnd Burn an. In ilirer Lebensweise uaterscheidet sicli diese 
Art selir wesentlich von Muscicapula melanoleuca, mit der sie in Shavpes Handlist 
in einer Gattnng vereinigt wird. Als Anfenthalt dient ihr das diistere Unterholz 
der dichten Gebirgswalder, und sie bevorzngt hier vor allem Farndickiclite, stets 
dicbt, iiber dem Boden anf kleineu Stengelchen sitzeud. Kaum jeinal sncht sie 
ihren Riibepnnkt iiber MannshOhe, nnd jjflegt anch iiu Abfliegen sich dicht iiber 
dem Boden zu halten. Die Insekten, die ihr zur Nabrnng dienen, pickt sie vielfach 
vom Boden anf. Dieser Muscicapide ist wenig sesshaft, nnd pflegt in kleinen 
lockeren Verbilnden zu viert oder fiinft, ancli wohl tamilienweise oder gemeinsam 
mit auderen Kleinvogeln, das Unterholz des Urwaldes zu durclistreifen, rasch nnd 
lautlos von Pflanze zu Fflanze fliegeud, nach dem Aufsitzen einige Male knicksend 
und mit dem Schwanz zitternd, nm nach einigen Minuten, wii'irend wekher der 
Vogel unbeweglich verharrte nnd imr von Zeit zu Zeit seinen sc'narfen Lnckruf teck 
teck (der an deiijenigen des Rotkehlchens erinnert) bOren liess, wieder abzuflieg.jn. 
Am lebhaftesten ist diese Art wiihrend der Diimmernng. Einen Gesang babe ich 
nie vernommen. 

Uber die Nistweise von D. hijperijthra sagt Whitehead {Expl. Kina Balu, 
p. 211): "The nest is a neat little moss-lined cnp ; it is generally placed, with 
considerable talent for concealment, right in the loose moss which grows along the 
trees in profusion . . . the entrance being merely a small hole in the side of the 
overhanging moss. ... I found a nest with two white (?) eggs." Nach Hodgson 
(cf. Gates, I.e. p. 15) findet man das Nest nnter Baumwnrzeln oder am Boden nabe 
dem Stamm. 

Die gleicheu Gewohuheiten haben die anderen Arteu dieser Gattnng, iiber die 
bisher Biologiscbes bekannt geworden ist. Von D. basilanica berichten Bourns und 
Worcester (in McGregor, Manual of Philipp. Birds, vol. ii. p. 44.5): " The Basilan 
flycatcher is found on the gronnd in the forest " ; nnd von //. samarensis sagt 
Whitehead (/^'«, 1899, p. 10-5): "This species frequents thick dark forests, spending 
its time in the tangled undergrowth, and it is therefore seldom seen." fjber die 
Nistweise dieser Art cf. Grant und Whitehead, Ibis 1898 p. 237: "The nest, a 
remarkably frail structure, was made of routs and lined with broad leaves. It was 
well concealed, being placed close to the ground in a hcaj) of forest-drift near some 

rocks." Von D. luzoniensis endlich sagt Whitehead {Ibis 1899 p. 105) : '• This 

species frequented the thick tangled undergrowth near the ground, and was most 
difficult to obtain. This species becomes much more active towards sunset, when it 
often utters a peculiar hissing note, written best ' pust.' " 

V. Erythromyias (Sharpe 18 79). 
1. Erythromyias (a. b. f.). 

3. Erythroinijius (a. b. c. d. f ) ; Cyornis pt. (g. h.). 

4. Di(/i'itea pt. (a. b. c. d. f. g.) ; Cyornis pt. (h). 

a. E. dunieforia duinetoria (Wall.). 

b. E. dumetoria miilleri (Blyth), 

c. E. dumetoria riedeli Biittikofer. 

d. E. buruensis bururnsis Hart. 

e. E. buruensis crramensis Grant. 

f. E. pyrrhonota (Mtill. et iSchleg.). 

g. E. crythaca (Sharpe). 
h. E. bonthaina (Hart.). 

22 



( 328 ) 

Geschlechter entwoiler nahezii gleicli gefiirbt, oberseits fast einfarbig briinnlich 
Oder (luukel brannoliv ; oder aber + stark dimorpli. Schnabel kriiftig, mit eiiiem 
an der Basis hohen First, nnd im allgemeinon starker und liiuger aU bei 
Deiulrobiastes. Steuerfedern einfarbig schwar.: oder diuikeloliv bis rotbraun, 
mir bei den SS von E. iluimtorki nnd ibren Unterarten rait weisser Basis der 
ilnssereu Steuerfedern; diese Formen besitzen anch einen weisscn Snperciliarstreif, 
der den iibrigen Arten fehlt. Ansgesprocben biane Farbtiiiie treten bei dieser 
Gattung nicht anf. Kehle nnd Brnst mebr oder weniger rostfarben, nnr bei 
E. pijrrhonota weiss mit schwarzem Brnstbaiid. 

Im Gebirge Cerams nnd Bnrns zwischen 2il0i) nnd :itlUO f. fand ich 
Erythrotwjias Imruensis vor ; sie war besouders anf Bnrn aa i^eeigneten Locali- 
tiiten sebr hiinfig, in der Lebensweise stark an Bemlrobiastes h>/i)cri/thra erintiernd ; 
doch bewohnen beide Arten nicht das gleicbe Gebiet, indem die 3000 f-Linie, 
welclie etwa die nntere Grenze fiir die vertikale Verbreitnng der letztcren darstellt, 
filr Erythromijias die obere bedentet. Am Tage billt sie sich meist still nnd 
verborgen zwischen Felsblocken oder in dichtem Gebiisch, dass sich an natiirlichen 
Lichtnugen des Urwaldes gebildet hat, nnd wird erst gegen Abend mnnter, daun 
unter bcstiindigen scharfen Rnfen rnhelos am Waldboden hinfliegend nnd sich 
ziinkisch verfolgend. Oft war ich abends ilber die grosse Anzahl dieser Vogel an 
einer Localitiit erstannt, an der ich bei Tage kann einen einzigen zu sehen 
bekommen hatte ; allenthalben vernahm man daiin ihre Stimmen aus dem dun- 
kelnden Walde. Einen Gesang habc ich nie gehort. Es gelang mir, Ende Jannar 
anf Bnrn ein Nest zu finden mit zwei anf weissem Grnnde zerstreut nnd nnregel- 
miissig rotbraun punktierten Eiern. Die Localitiit war ein lichtcr Gebirgsnrwald 
in 900 m. Hohe mit wenig Unterholz, somit stark an einen enropilischen Bnchen- 
wald erinnernd, nnd der Boden war wie bei diesem mit braunem trocknem Lanbe 
bedeckt. Hier stand das Nest in der Krone eities jnngen Biinmehens, das zwischen 
den alteu Stiimmen anfschoss, in etwa 4 m. HOhe. Es besass eine tief uapffiirmige 
Gestalt nnd war sehr sorgfiiltig ans Lanb nnd Wnrzeln gebant. Das briitende ? 
wnrde erlegt. 

Von E. eri/fhaca bericliten Bonrns nnd Worcester (in McGregor, I.e., p. 441), 
" Found in thickets near the jungle and always near the ground." 

vi. Sigenea (Hodgson 1845 fiir i>. leucomelanura). 

1. Digenea pt. 

2. Ci/oniis pt. 

3. I>igenea. 

4. Digenea pt. 

a. D. leucomelanura leucomelanura Hodgs. 

b. D. leucomelanura cervinieentris Sharpe. 

Geschlechter dimorph. Federstrnktnr nnd Schnabelform wie bei Demlrohiastex. 
Dem i fehlt der weisse, fiir die letztere Gattung charakteristische weisse Snper- 
ciliarstreif,dem hier ein hellgraublaner, sich anch iiber die Vorderstirn hinziehender 
entspricht. S mit weisser Basis der iiusseren Stenerfederu. 

"The nest is a massive little cup of moss, fur and wool, placed in a hollow at 
the side of the trunk of a tree " (Gates, I.e. p. 17). Ein Gelege bestand ans 4 Eiern. 

vii. Anthipea (Blyth 1847). 

tjber die Arten dieser dnrch Fiirbnngsmerkmale gut charaktcrisierten Gattung 
cf Sharpe, IlnniHist vol. iii. pj). 218-219. Das Genus steht den 3 vorhergehendcn 
sehr uahe. 



( 329 ) 

Nach Hume {!.'•. p. 13) legt ^4. mnniVujer sein Nest in einer kleinen Gnibe 
initten iin Gras an. 

viii. Cyoruis (Blyth 1843 fiir C. rubeculoides). 

Hierzu recline icli alle in Sharpe, Handlist vol. iii. pp. 214-220 aufgefiihrten 
Ai'ten vou Ci/ornis, Nilt ica uiid Sckwaneri'i luit Ausnahrae von : 

Ci/ornis nifigula = DendrobiastfiS rufigula. 
Cyornis bonthaina = Erythotn;/ias bonthaina. 
Gi/ornis en/thaca = Krythronvjias enjthuca. 

Die norraale Fliigelformel lavitet : 4. u. 5. Schwinge gleich lang nnj am liingsten, 
3. = 6., 2. = 8. Dock variiert in seltenen Fallen die relative Liinge der 3. nnd 6. 
etwas nnd ilir Verhilltni.s zn einander, indem danu die 3. bald etwas kiirzer, bald 
etwas liinger ist als die 6. ; indessen erreicht die 6. niemals die Liinge der 5., die 3. 
nieraals die der 4. 

Gesclilecliter stets auftallig diraorpli, oft in selir lioliera Masse. S aiif der 
ganzen Oberseite stets ansgesprochen blan, dieses Blan stets am hellsten an der 
Stirn, raeist ist auch ein gleichgefiii-bter Snperciliarstreif vorhauden. Zilgel stets 
tiefscliwarz. Weisser Angenbrauenstreif fehlt stets. Anf der Unterseite sind 
l)laiilicbe (oft schwarzblaiie oder blaugrane) oder rotbrauiie Tone vorlierrsehend. 

? entweder dem $ abnlich, aber mit gelblicli braunem oder weisslichem statt 
scliwarzem Ziigel ; oder die Oberseite ist von derjenigen des c? stark verschieden. 

Die Abtrennnng einigor hierlier gelioriger Foriuen als Nilfara ist gilnzlich 
Unbaltbar. " Niltava " (/rnndis z. B. steUt Cyornis concreta weit niiher als letztere 
der Cyornis elegans, mit der sie docli dnrch eine Anzabl Zwischenformen nutrenn- 
bar verbnnden ist. 

Die iSclinahelform variiert in diesem Genus selir stark nnd kann entgegengesetzte 
Extreme bei Formen erreichen, die sick zweifellos nahe steheu. (!f Cyornis hya- 
cinthinns mit sehr knrzem breitem, C. krlrioensis rait langem hohem schmalem 
Sc'hnabel. Einzelne Arten, die ihriMii sonstigen Habitns nach echte Cyornis sind, 
nnr anf Grund ihrer etwas abweichenden Schnabeltlirm za Vertretern gesouderter 
Gattungen zu erlieben, wie dies Teniminck mit C. caendata (= ? rit/i/rons) gelan, 
und Finscli in Xotes Leyd. M/is. vol. xxiii. lOtH, pp. 00-52 ansfiihrlicli zn begriuiden 
versncht bat, halte ich fiir verfeblt. 

Eine ausfiihrliche lieschreibnng der Lebensweise von C. baiijumas gibt Bernstein 
(././. 0. 1859, |)p. 265-206): '• Bewobnt vorzngsweise die hciher gelegenen, den 
Gebirgswaldnngen niibereu Haine uml Dorfgeholze, sowie die KaflFeeplantageu nnd 
die Wiilder selbst, obsclion er sich weniger im Inneren derselben als viehnehr liings 
ihrer Riinder anfhiilt. . . . Anfmerksam spilht er, still anf einem aussteckenden 
Baumast sitzend, nach Insekten uraher, die er sehr geschickt im Flnge zn f\ingen 
Weiss nnd dann, anf seinen eben erst verlassenen Sitzplatz oder einen anderen Ast 
znriickgekehrt, verspeist. Sein Gesang ist ziemlich einfach. . . . Zwei Nester 
standen zwischen den Farm nnd anderen Parasiten, welche stets in Menge den 
Stamm der Arengpalnie bedecken, das 3. war in einem Astwinkel eines stark 
bemoosten Banmes angebracht. Die Nester haben cine im Ganzen regelmiissig 
lialbkngelformige Gestalt. Jedes von ihnen enthalt 2 Eier." 

Von C. cyanea (Hnme) = C. concreta {^. Miill.) habt Gates {I.e. p. 14; aus- 
drhcklich hervor : '' A forest bird, fonnd constantly on trees, and never descending 
to the ground." Nach demselben Antor, I.e., p. 23, besitzt ein Nest von C. i/nicnlor 
eine napffOrmige Gestalt, besteht ans Moos und Farnwnrzeln und wnrde in der 



( 330 ) 

Nische eines Banmstamines iu etwa 10 Fuss Hnbe gefnnden. C. ?-iibet'uloit/i^s nm\ 
tickt'lli uisten iu Biuim- nml Fel.slOclieru ; liluiliche GewoUnheitoii besitzt 
C. grandis : " The nest is placed oa the branch of some tree, betweea three or 
four slender shoots, at an elevation of a few feet above the ground, or at other 
times in some hole of a decaying tree or on some ledge of rock " [Hume I.e. 

ix. Ochromela (Blytli, 1S4T, fiir <>. niqrorufiC). 

1. Sijihia pt. 

~. Ochromela. 

3. Ochromela. 
Die einnige zn dieser Gattnng gehurige Art besit/.t cine schr eigentrtmliche 
Nistweise : ''The nest is placed in thick eliira]i-i. The bird is fond of building in 
the cluster of new shoots that rise from the stump of a trei; that lias hx'w felled. 
Usnally the uests are at heights of from 1 to 3 feet above the ground ; but I have 
found one placed actually on the ground. The nest is globular, higher than it is 
wide, with a small entrance-hole on one side. . . . The eggs are always two ia 
number" [Hume I.e. p. 14]. 

IX. Die Formen von Dendrobiastes hyperythra (Blyth). 

[Muscicapula hyperythra auct.] 

XJbersicht, 

? 

1. Oberseite hell braunlich oliv . . D. hiiperijihva hijpenjthra (Blyth). 

2. Oberseite dunkler, grauoliv. 

a. Kehle uud Bauch weisslich, ziemlich unvermittelt durch ein breites 

Brastband abgegrenzt, das aus fahl rostfarbenen Federn mit dunkel 
olivgrauen Spitzen besteht . D. htjperythra, palUdipertus (Hart.). 

b. Kehle und Bauch fahl ockergelb oder nistlich, allmjihlich in die Far- 

bung des etwas dnnkleren Brustbandes iibergehend 

T). hi/per//thra malat/ana (Grant). 

c. Kehle und Bauch weisslich, durch ein blass orange-farbenes Brustband 

getrennt ; Schnabel sehr kriiftig, kleine Oberflligeldecken blaugrau 
statt oliv wie bei den anderen Formen D. b/pcri/thra audacis (Hart.). 

3. Oberseite dunkel blaugrau, mit der Filrbung der Oberseite des S naliezu 
iibereiustimmend ....... L>. Iii/pcri/thra cdijurus subsp. u. 

Deudrobiastes hyperythra aliforus subsp. n. 

S . AUgemeiue Farbung mit derjenigen voa lii/pen/tlird und m/ila>/a/nt iibcrein- 
stimmend, aber die Aussensitume der Schwingeu dunkel blaugrau wie der Uiickeu 
statt hellbraua bis braunoliv wie bei diesen Formen ; iu dem genannten Merkmal 
stimmt die neue Form mit IK h. audacis (Hart.) von Babber ubereiu (cf Noo. Zool. 
1906. p. 20(>), von der sie sich durch dnnklere Farbung der Oberseite und durch die 
geringere Griisse des Schnabels unterscheidet. 

Fliigelhinge : 1). h. audacis (fi 6J)-- 03 — 06 mm. 
JK h. ali/urus (7 6i): 62—66 mm. 

Filssc blassgrau bis schwarzgrau (am Balg stets dunkel) ; iSchnabel schwarz; 
Iris dunkelbraun. 



( 3.51 ) 

?. Fiirliiin? ilur Oberseite (liiiikcl lihiugran, alinlicli derjeuigen ties <?, alier 
weniger Lliiiilieh nnd sebr gut luit der Oberseite des ? von D. «?^;-o/7^»( (Whitehead) 
ubereinstiinraend. Koi>f znweilen mit schwachem olivfarbenein Scbimraer. 
Steuerfedern obevseits scbwarz mit dmikel grauoliven oder blaugraueu Aiisseu- 
siiiirueii. Anssensiuime der Schwingen diinkelbraun, wesentlich diiukler mid 
weniger rotlich als bei den ? ? von B. h. Iii/perijtlira, wiUirend die ? ? voii D. h. 
pallidiix'ctiis (Hartert ; cf. Noe. Zool. 1903, p. 52— Batjan) diiukel olivlarbene 
Siinme haben. Filrbnng der Unterseite ansgesprocheu blass rostfarbeii niul oliv 
verwasehen, an der Brnst am dnnkelsten, mit der Fiirbung von J>. h. malayana 
iibereiiistimuieud. 

Fliigelliinge (8 ? ?): CO— 03 mm. 

Fiisse blass griinlich fleischfarben ; Iris dnnkelbrann; Schnabel scliwarz. 

Typns : ?, Gimung Fogha (Burn) OOOu Fuss, 20. ii. 1912, E. Stresemaun coll. 

No. lore. 

Yerhreitimq : Gebirge von Burn oberhalb 4000 Fuss. 

Dendrobiastes hyperythra malayana (Grant). 

ilmu-U-nimla mahiyana Grant, Bull. B.O.C. vol. xix. p. 10 (1906— Pahang). 

Das Tring-Mnsenra besitzt I'l S i und 14 ? ? von dieser Form aus Malakka, 
Borneo, den Sunda-inseln und Celebes, die alle in der F;irl)ung iil)ereinstiinraen. 

?. Ober.seite dunkel grauoliv, um eine kaum merkliche Schattiening heller als 
das ? von I), h. pallidipectiis, nnd mit dem ? von IK hizoniensis (Grant) tiber- 
einstimmend. Steuerfedern oberscits schwiirzlich mit dunkelbraunen bis briiunlich 
olivfarbenen Ans'sensiimmen, denen ebenso gefarbte Ausseusaume der Schwingen 
entsprecben. Uuterseite wie bei T>. It. a/i/nnis. 

Fliigelliinge (14 ? ?): 54-00 ram. 

Das S stiramt rait demjenigen von J>. h. Iii/peri/thm uberein. Die Fiisse sind 
bei einem S von Bali (coll. E. Stresemaun) als hell granbraun bezeichnet ; am 
Balg zeigi'u sie raeist eine hell gelbliche oder dunkel brjiunliche Farbe. 

Verbreituiig : Malakka, Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Bali, Lombok, Snmbawa, 
Flores, Celebes. 

Dendrobiastes hyperythra hyperythra (Blyth). 

9. Oljerseite briiuulicb oliv. Steuerfedern oberseits briiunlich oder dunkel 
olivfarbeu mit helleren Aussensiiumen von der gleichen Grundfarbe. Aussensaame 
der Schwingen hell rustlich braun oder griinlich oliv. Unterseite mit geringem fahl 
rOstlichen Schein besouders in der Brnstregion, der durch die schrantzig oliv- 
farbenen Spitzen der Federn grosstenteils verdeckt wird. 

Fliigelliinge (12 ? ?) : 55—59 mm. 

Verbreitinty : Himalaya; Khasi- nnd Xaga-Berge ; Manipur. 

Die Stellnng der Ponnosavdgel ist zweifelhaft. Swinhoe beuannte {Ibis 1866 
p. 394) ein c? von dort :Siphia innexa nnd griindete seine Beschreibnng anf nngenaue 
Kenntnis indischer Stlicke. Der Typns befindet sich jetzt im Triog-Musenm ; er 
wie audi ein zweites S von Forrao.-a sind von D. h. hyperythra nnd malayana nicht 
zu unterscheiden. Weibchen scheinen noch nicht gesammelt worden zu sein ; sollteu 
sie, was nicht nnwahrscheinlich ist, mit denjeuigen von />. /(. malayana iiberein- 
stiramen, so muss der Swinhoesche Name fiir diese Form Platz greifen. 



( 332 ) 

X. Die Formen von Cacomantis merulinus und 
Cacomantis sepulcralis. 

TTebersicht. 

(Alterskleid.) 

A. Olierkdjif nnd Naekeii aschgran, inehr oder weuiger scbarf contrast ierencl 
mit der Faibnnj; des Riicketis ; Kiiiii, Keble, Kroj)f nnd meist audi die Vordcr- 
brnst hell ascligrau, iibrige Unterseite seharf contrastierend rostlich oder rOstlich 
ocker^elb ; die iinsseren Stenerfedern mit breiten weisseu Queibinden an der Innen- 
fabne, die sich gcgen den SchafI zn nicht verschrualern . . C. merulinus. 

1. Die nitlichen Tone der Unterseite sebr l)lass : rutlich ockerfarben. Flugel 

9(;-lll mm. . . . . . . . .Cm. meruUini.f, 

2. Die rutlicbeo Tone der Unterseite vicl lebbafter: dnnkel rostfarben. Fliigel 

l(i2-118 mm. ........ C. m. querulus^ 

B. Oberkopf nnd Nacken schwarzgrau mit grlinmetallischem oder bronzefar- 
benem Scbimmer, von der gleieben Fiirbnng wie der Riicken. Die Innenfabne der 
iinsseren Stenerfedern mit viel schmalerer weisser Biiuderniig, die gegen den Scbat't. 
EU spitzwinklig endet, so dass eine siigeartige Zeicbnnng entstebt . C sepulcralis- 

1. Grane Fiirbnng felilt auf der Unterseite entweJer ganz, oder ist anf das 

Kinn bescbriinkt, bedeckt in selteneren Fallen aucb die Keble ; 
a. Unterseite lencbtend brannrot, in der Kegel an der Brnst nicbt oder 
nur spiirlicb gran verwascbeu . . . . . C. s. virescens, 
^. Unterseite wesentiicb blasser, rostlicb ockerfarben oder ftihl rostbraun 

C. s. sepulcralis^ 
•y. Unterseite dnnkel rostbraun mit schmutzig grauem Anflug 

C. s. aeruginosus, 

2. Zwei extreme Fiirbungspbasen des adulten Vogels : eine, bei der die ganze 

Unterseite mit Ansnahme der rotbraunen Unterscbwanzdecken dnnkel 
ascbgrau ist, nnd eine andere, die vollkomraen rait C. s. sej/ulcrtili.<! 
ilbereiustimmt. Zwiscbeu beiden E.Ktremen alle Ubergiiuge an der gleieben 
Localitiit ......... C. s. assimilis. 

3. Unterseite einfarbig dnukelgran, Unterschwanzdecken dunkelgrau mit dun- 

kelbrauner Biinderung ...... C. s. icebstcri^ 

Cacomantis merulinus merulinus (Scop.). 

Cucidu.1 iiifriiliiiuK Scopoli, De.Ur. Flor. el Fiiiin. liixuhi: ii. p. 811 (1786 — Panay : ex Sonnerat). 
Cuculugjiwus Gmelin, Syst. Xiil. vol. i. p. 4il (1788 — Panay ; e\ Sonnerat). 
Cuciilm lawerihiliiK S. Miiller, Verli. Nut. Gcich. Land- eii Vnlkriik. 18;!'.l-44. p. 178— Java. 
Cacomantis dijuoiwrnuts Heine, J.J. 0. 18H3. p. :i.')2 (18(!3— Borneo, .Java, Sumatra). 
Cacnmanth meruliiMx pt., Shelley, Cat. B. vol. xi.x. 1891. p. 2G8 ; Finsch, Not. Leijd. Mus. vol. xxii, 
1901, p. 89 ; Sharpe, llamllht vol. ii. 1900. p. 159. 

Fliigelliinge in mm. (bei den eigenen Messungen sind regelmiissig nur aus- 
gefiirbte E.xemplare bcriicksicbtigt) : 

Sumatra: 'JO, lUU ; [7 Ex tide Fiuscb : 97-10.")]. 

Java : lUU, 100, 110, 111 [1.5 Ex fide Finsch : <J8-100]. 

Bali: 100. 

Borneo: 95 ; 96; 96 ; 99 ; 102,5 [lo Ex fide Finsch : 90-105]. 

Pbilipjiinen : lOO, 102, 104, 104, 108, 108, 111 [fide Finsch: 99, 104]. 



( 333 ) 

Celebes : 103 [fide Finsch : 100, 103]. 

Verbreitung : Sumatra, Nias,* Java, Bali, Borneo, Palawan, Sulo-Archipel, 
Philijipineii, Celebes. 

Cacomantis merulinus querulus Heine. 

Cacoiwintts qiierulas Heine, J.f. O. 18U3. p. IS.'jli — Vorderindien ('.), Nepal, Burma. 
Polyplmua ruficentr'tH Jerdon, Ibis 1872. p. \i) — wahr.scheinlich : Assam, Burma. 
Cacomantis imruliims pt., Shelley, I.e.. p. 21)8 ; Sharpe, I.e. p. 159 ; Finsch, I.e. p. 89. 
Cacomantis sepulcralis pt., Finsch, /.'■. p. 82. 

Zn diescr Form gehiiren alle bisber als Cacomantis merulinus anfgefiihrten- 
E.xemjilare vora Continent mit Ansnahme Malakkas. Cacomantis sepulcralis 
kommt hier nicht vor ; wenn Finscb alle ira Leidener Musenm vom Festland 
befindlicben Stiicke znr letzteren Art rechnet, so bat er sich oiFenbar durcb die 
beJentendere Grosse nnd dunklere Untcrseite der Form C. merulinus querulus, 
die bierin eine gewisse Convergenz zu .sepulcralis zeigt, tanscben lassen. Die 
Fiirbniig von Oberkopf, Nackeu und Kropf gepaart mit der charakteristiscbeu 
Scbwanzzeicbnnng siud indesseu stets untriiglicbe Kennzeicben zur Unterscbeidnng 
beider Arten. 

Heine cbarakterisiert I.e. diese Form sebr gnt, indera er sagt : " In der Grosse 
kommt dieselbe scbon uabe an C. sepulcralis Bp. nnd C. borneensis Bp. [= C. 
sepulcralis sepulcralis'] beran, ist aber in der granen Fiirbnug der Brnst nnd Kehle 
nocb ganz wie C". dijsonomus Nob. [= C. merulinus merulinus'] und C. threnodes 
Cab. nnd Heine gezeicbnet, die Oberseite ist fast ebenso gliinzend wie bei der 
letzteren Art, der sie iiberhanpt in der ganzen Filrbnng am uiicbsten kommt." 
Fliigellilnge in mm. : 

Tenasserim : (nacb Hume & Davison, Stray Feathers vol. vi. p. 159), i 102- 

112, ? 109-117. 

Burma: 100, 100, 106, 108, 109, 109, 109, 110, 111, 111, 111, 111, 112, 112, 

113, 113, llo, 115, 115, 115, 115, 117, 118. 
[Siam fide Finscb: 106.] 

Siid-China: 108, 110, 110, llD, 111, 111, 114, 114 [3 E.k fide Finscli : 
105-115]. 

Hainan: 109, 113, 116. 

Verhreituny : Tenasserim, Burma, Assam, Ostbengalen, Ostlicber Himalaya, 
Siam, Siidcbina, Hainan. Tenasserimvogel scbeinen im Darchscbnitt etwas 
kleiner zu sein als solcbe von Burma nnd sich in den Massen den MalakkavOgeln 
zn Diiheru. 

Cacomantis merulinus merulinus 5 querulus. 

Stiicke von Malakka siud in der Fiirbnug ilberaus variabel ; vielfach gleichen 
sie in den sebr bleichen rostlichen TOnen der Unterseite vollkommen der Snnda- 
form, oft aucb sind sie nuterseits sebr lebhaft rostbrann gefiirbt, wie typische 
querulus, in der Grosse dagegen stehen sie binter der letzteren Form stets zuriick 
und stimmen mit C. m. merulinus iiberein. Wir erblicken in ibnen eine Uber- 
gangsform ; auf ein Malakkastuck beziebt sicb der Name Cacomantis tlirenodes 
Cabanis nnd Heine {Mu.s. Hein. vol. iv. 1802, p. 19) ; ich ziehe es jedoch vor, diesea 
Naraen wegen dor geringeu Constanz der Form fallen zn lassen nud dieselbe durcb 
die obige Formel zn bezeicbnen. 

Fliigellange in mm. : 

Malakka: 99; 100; 100; 101 ; 102; 102,5; 103; 103. 
* Die Nia-svugel wurden inzwischen vou Oberholser, l.c. p. 5, als C. m. mbpallidui abgetrennt 



( 334 ) 

Insel Salanga: 100, lOfi, lOP. ; [nach A. Miiller, J.f. 0. 1882, p. 405 : 16 Ex. 
100-107, Mittel 10:3,5; 1 Ex. li;i]. 

Ve.rhreitung : Malakka ; die Salangavugel scheinen sich in der Grosse der 
Form ('. m. queralus starker zii nilhern nnd kniinen dnrcli die Forinel bezeiclinet 
werden : C. m. merulinus < qiwrulus. 

Cacomantis sepulcralis sepulcralis (S. Miill.). 

Ouculm xfjm!crali.-i S. Miiller, Verli. Xnl. (,'exc/i. Land- ni Vollcenk. (1839-44), p. 177 nota— Java und 

Sumatra. 
f Cacomavlif hnrneeiisix Bonaparte, Coii-yi. Vol. Zyg. 1854. p. 6— nomen nudum ! 
CoKomunlix mnrulinnK pt., Shelley, he. p. 268 ; Sharpe, I.e. p. lf)9, 
Cacnniaiith sepulcralis pt., Finsch, I.e. p. 82. 

Die Iiitensitiit der rostl)rannen Fiirbung ist bei dieser Form an gieicher 
Localitiit ziemlich schwaiikeiid ; sie griii)|)iert sich indessen, wie die Priifimg 
grOsserer SL-riea ergibt, urn ein failles Rostbraun. Iris rotbrauii oder liellbraiiii. 

Fliigeilauge in mm. : 

[Sumatra fide Finsch : 114, 116.] 

Java : 111, 113, 114, 117, 118 [tide Finsch 25 Ex: 111-12:5]. 

Bali: 109, 115, 119. 

Lombok : 113, 115. 

Snmbawa : 113, 118. 

Snmba: 113, 114, 117, lis, 120. 

Philippinen: 112, 114, 115, 116, 117. 

[Simalnr fide Hichmond, Proc. Un. St. yat. Ji^w. 1903, p. 496: 113, 
115.] 

Verbreitung : Sumatra, Java, Bali, Lombok, Snmbawa, Snmba, Philippinen, 
Sula-Arcbipel, Borneo ?, Simalur. 

Cacomantis sepulcralis virescens (Briiggem.). 

Ouculm virescens Briiggemann, .!/<//. naliirf. Vereiii Bremen vol. v. p. 59 (1876 — Celebes). 
Cacomantis virescens pt., Shelley, I.e. p. 274. 
Cacomantis virescens Sharpe, I.e. p. 160. 
Cacomantis sepulcralis pt., Finsch, I.e. p. 82. 

Sehr tyiiische Stiicke dieser Form haben biaugriin gliiuKende Mantelfedern, 
wiihreiide dicselben bei C. .s. sepitlcralig stets + ausgesprocheu oliv glanzen. Die 
intensiv brauurote (dunkel zimmtlarbene) Tounng der Unter.seite ist relativ ct)nstant. 
Die Biinderung an der Iniienftihne der iiusseren Steuerfederu ist racist, aber nicht 
durchgiiiigig, schwacher ausgebildet als bei den anderen Formeii. 

Fliigelmasse in mm : 

Celebes : 104, 104, 107, 108, lo9, 110, 110, 111, 113, 115, 116, 110, 117 [fide 
Finsch 9 E.x. : 108-120; fide A. B. Meyer: 107, 108, 109, 111, 111, 111, 112, 
114, 115, 118, 122]. 

Banggai : 108 [fide A. B. Meyer: 106]. 

Snla: 112 [fide Finsch 4 Ex.': 110-113]. 

Tawi-tawi: 112. 

Binnngko : 110. 

Verbreitung : Celebes, Peling, Banggai, Snla-Iaseln, Tawi-tawi, Binnngko. 



( 335 ) 
Cacomantis sepulcralis aeruginosus .Salvad. 

CacoiKMith aeruginosus Salvador!, Ann. Miis. Civ. Gen. vol. xiii. p. 458 (1878 — Baru, Ambon, 

Ceram) ; Sharpe, I.e. p. IGO. 
Cacomantis virescens pt., Shelley, l.r. p. 274. 
Cacomantis sepulcralis pt., Finsch, l.r. p. 82, 

Eine in der Fiirbnng tier Unterseite sehr constante Form, deren Characteristica 
Salvador! i!.c. und Meyer ii. Wigles worth iu : The Binis of Celebes, vol. i. 1898, 
p. 1(18 treffeud hervorlieben ; dass Finseb sie trofzdem wieder mit der typischeu 
tind der celebensischeti Form vereiiiigt, ist iiicht recht verstandlich. 

Flugellitnge in mm : 

Burn: 112, 113, 114, 115, IKi, 117, 117, 118, 118. 

[Ambon fide Fiusch 4 Ex. : 110-127.] 

Ceram: 114, 1 18 [fide Fiusch : 115,121]. 

Verbreitung : Burn, Ambon, Ceram. 

Cacomantis sepulcralis assimilis (Grayj. 

Cuculus assimilis Gray, P.Z.S. 1868. pp. 184-18.') — Aru. 

Cacomantis infaustus Cabanis u. Heine, Mus. Hein. vol. iv. p. 23 (1862 — Misol). 

Cacomantis assimilis Salvador!, Orn. del. Pap. vol. i. 1880. p. 337, 

Cacomantis insperaius (nee Gould !), Shelley, I.e. p. 273 ; Sharpe, I.e. p. 160. 

Caconmntis dumetoram (nee Gould !), Finsch, l.r. p. 85. 

Cacomantis assimilis assimilis Rothschild u. Hartert, Nor. Znol. vol. xiv. 1907. p. 434. 

Verbreitung : Nengninea, Nenpommern, Neumecklenburg, D'Entrecasteanx- 
Iiiseln, Salomon-Inseln, Arn- and Kei-Iiiseln, Misol, Salawatti, Gebe, Halmahera, 
Batjan, Obi, Ceramlaut, Goram. 

Cacomantis sepulcralis websteri Hart. 

Cacomantis wehstrri Hartert, in Webster's Tliroufjh New Guinea. 1899, p. 370 — Neu Hannover ; 

Sharpe, l.r. p. 160. 
Cacomantis assimilis websteri Rothschild u. Hartert, /.'•. p. 434. 

Verbreitung : Neu-Hannover. 

Ueber die beiden letztgenannten Formen of. Rothschild und Hartert, I.e. 
pp. 434-435. 

Anmerkung. Cacomantis pa.'iserinus (Vahl), welcher Vorderindien nnd Ceylon 
bevrolint, wird ancli in den Listen der Java- nnd Snmatra-vrigel anfgefiihrt. (Cf. 
Finsch, Xot. Lei/<l. Mus. vol. xxii. lyuO, p. 92; Vorderman, Sat. Tijdschr. Xed. 
Ind. vol. 00, 1901, p. 60.) Diese Angabe griindet sich anf 3 Exemplare, von denen 
ich zwei im British Museum befindliche selbst priii'te. Eines davon, ein 
ausgetarbtes <?, ist ein Hiindlerbalg oliiio Originaletikett und stammt aus dera 
Mnsenm A. Forbes, wnrdo aber keineswegs " dnrch Forbes anf Java nachgewiesen," 
wie Finsch I.e. sich ausdriickt ; seine Provenienz ist sehr fraglich. Das audere, 
dure!) C. Bock bei Sidjundjnng auf Sumatra gesammelt, ist ein junger Vogel, 
in dem ich lediglich eine etwas nngewoluilich nitliche Phase des Jngendkleides 
von C. merulinus erblicke ; nnd um die gleiche Erscheinnng wird es sich wahr- 
scheinlich bei dem von Finsch anfget'iUirten jungen Exemplar aus Java, das sich 
im Leideuer Mnseum befindet, liandeln. Cnenmuntis passerinus darf also aus der 
Liste der JavavOgel gestrichen werden. 



( 336 ) 

XI. Das geographische Variieren von Centropus 
bengalensis (Gm.). 

Die Untersncbiing dieser Art au der Hand des reicLen Materials in den 
Museen in Triug und London ergali, dass wir mit einer grusseren Aiizahl geogra- 
phischer Formen zn rechnen haben, als bisher angenoramen wurde. Man nnter- 
scbied in der Regel deu typiscben C. heiigalensis mit rotbraunem Kiicken, iind den 
anf dem IJiicken scbwiirzllcber gefiirbten C. javanensis, allenfalls trennte man 
noch die grossere Molukl<enforra als C. meilius ab (Salvadori in Orn. Pap. n.a.). 
Doch luMHit selbst Hartert in 'Soc. Zool. vol. vii. I'JUO, p. 232 und vol. x. 1903, 
pp. G, 47 die Molnkkenvogel javamcus ! Daneben tancbte iminer wieder C. 
rectiaiguis Strickl. anf, der von 8helle\' u. a. als "gate Art" angesehen warde, 
aber, wie Meyer und Wigleswortb in The Birds of Celebes, vol. i. p. 219 botonten, 
ganz offenbar unr eine individuelle Aberration von C. javanensis ist. Der Um- 
stand, dass man gewiihnlicb niclit in gL'iiiigendem Masse die betriichtlicbe Grossen- 
differenz der Geschlechter bei diesem " Formenkreis " beriicksiclitigte (die von 
Shelley im Cat. B. vol. xix. p. 355 sogar vollkomiuen vernacbliissigt resp. niclit 
erkannt wird) war der Erkenntnis mebrerer, durch GrOssendifFerenzen wobl 
unterschiedener Formen liinderlicb. 

Icb babe micb bei der Aufstellung der Iblgenden Masstabelleu nicht strikt an die 
Geschlechtsangaben der Sammler gehalten, sondern in mehreren Fallen von den 
Dimensionen auf das Gescblecbt gescblossen, entgegen dem Etikett — eine Mass- 
uahme, gegen die woUl niemand Bedeuken haben wird, der Gelegeubeit gehabt hat, 
die Unzuverlassigkeit der (vielfach durch eingeborene Praparatoren vorgenom- 
menen) Geschlechtsbestimmnng in den meisten tropischen Samralnngen in solchen 
Fallen festzustellen, wo die Fiirbung keinerlei Zweifel liisst. 
Ira folgenden bedeuten : 

Zahlen ohne Znsatz : Exemplare des Triug-Museums resji. meiner eigenen 
Sammlnug. 

Zahlen mit einem * : Exemplare des British-Mnseum. 

Zahlen mit der Bemerknng : 

P = nach Parrot, Beitrlige ziir Oniithologie Sumatras, p. 187. 

M & W = nach Meyer n. WMglesworth, The Birds of Celebes, vol. i. p. 210. 

Sh = nach Shelley, Cat. B. vol. xix. p. 35."). 

S = nach Salvadori, Orn. Pap. vol. i. p. 370. 

M = nach Midler, J./. 0. 1882, p. 411. 

B it W = nach Bourns u. Worcester in McGregor, Manual of Philippine 
Birds, vol. i. p. 385. 

1. Centropus bengalensis bengalensis (Gm.). 

Cuciilux heiiriaUinii.i Gmelin, NyW. .V<(/. vol. i. p. 412 (178H — Bengalen). 

Corydonyx mamhilns Bonaterre and Vieillot, Tnhl. ICnci/d. .Uetli. p. 13.53 (1823— Bengalen). 

Ceiilropus diiiudiatus Blyth, J.A.S.B. vol. xiii. p. 300 (1844 — Cuttack). 

<? ? ad. Die Siiume der schwarzen Federn von Oberkopf, Nacken, Kopf- und 
Halsseiten, Kehle und Kropf mit lebhaf'rem blanem, seltener griinlichem (Jlanz. 
Mantel und obere Fliigeldecken Icbhaft rostbrann, stark contrastierend mit der 
schwarzen Nackenfiirbung. Bei jiingeren Stiicken sind diese Federn trilb gran- 
braun, und es gewinnt der Vogel in diesem Kleid grosse Aehnlichkeit mit 
ansgefjirbten Exemplaren von C. bengalensis Javanensis. 



(337 ) 

Fliigelliinge in mm : 

Burma, Assam, Bhutau imd Sikkim : 

S 130*, 142*, 144, 144, 144*, 145, 146*. 147, 150, 152*, 152*, 152*. 

? 150, 156*, 157*, 159*, 101, 161, 103, 163*, 164, 105* 168*, 108*. 

Tenasserim : cf 147*. 

Hainan : t? 142, 143, 143, 145, 145. 

? 154, 158, 159, 159, 161, 103, 105, 107, 108. 
Variationsbreite : c? 139-152, ? 154-108. 

Verbreitang : Siidindien, Osthimalaya, Ostbengalen, Assam, Burma, Teuas- 
serim, Siam ?, Annam ?, Hainan. 

2. Centropus bengalensis lignator Swinh. 

C'entropns tif/iiiitor Swinhoe, Ibis IHCtO. p. 48 (Formosa, Amoy, Hongkong). 

Grosser als die vorige Form. 

Fliigellange in mm. : 

Formosa: c? 148, 149, 153, 157, 159. 

? 10.5, 165*, 167, 108, 169, 109, 171, 172, 172, 172, 174. 
Swatau: ? 172— Amoy ? 170*— Fokien ? 17.5*— Foochow : ? 180*. 
Variationsbreite: S 148-159, ? 105-180. 

Verbreitung : Formosa und Siidchiua, nacli Westen zn vermutlich allmahlich 
in die kleinere Form iibergeheud. 

3. Centropus bengalensis javanensis (Dumout). 

Cuculus jfA'anen^ii.^ Dumont, Diet. Sc. Nat. vol. .\i. p. 14i (1818 — Java) 

Centropus lepidus HorsfieM, Trans. Linn. Soc. Lund. vol. xiii. p. 181) (1822 — Java) ; Jugendkleid. 

Centropus affiiiis HorsfieM, Tran-:. Linn. Soc. Lond. vol. xiii. p. 180 (1822 — Java) : A usgefiiibter 

Vogel. 
Centropus pnniilus Lesson, Traite d'Orn. p. 1.30 (18.S1 — Java, Sumatra). 
Centropus rectunguis Strickland, PZ.S. 1816. p. 104 — Malakka. 
Centropus molkenboeri Bonaparte, Consp. Ar. vol. i. p. 108 (1850 — Philippinen). 

Diese Form ist von G. bengalensis be/igale/isis durch die stets schwarzbraunen 
Mantelfedern und den geringeren Glanz des scliwarzeu Gefieders unterscbiedeu. 
Nach Slielley (Cat. B. vol. xi-x. p. 343) kennzeicbnet sich C. rectunguis durch den 
Besitz scbwarzer statt brauner Unterflilgeldecken. Eia derartiges Stiick liegt mir 
von Natuna (coll. Ch. Hose) vor : einige Unterfliigeldeckfedern sind briiunlich 
schwarz, bei anderen ist die Innenfahnc schwarzlich, die Aussenfahne braun, dritte 
endlich siud oinfarbig brann. Ein iiluiliciies E.\emplar beschreibt Parrot I.e. von 
Java. Dii der mir vorliegende Vogel im iibrigen volikommen mit C. b. javanensis 
ubereinstimmt, balte ich mit Meyer und Wiglesworth die Erscheinuug lediglich 
fiir eine nicht allzu seltene individuello Varietilt, und man kann in solclien Fiillen 
allenfalls von einer " rectungit/.s-Ylnise " von C. b. javanensis reden — wobei es 
noch fraglich bleibt, ob Strickland ein derartiges Stiick bei seiner Beschreibnng 
vorgelegen hat, denn er erwiihnt von diesern Merkmal nichts ! 

Fliigellange in mm. : 

Salanga: S 126(M), 12S(M), 130(M). 
? 156 (M), 105 (M). 

Malakka: ,S 131*, 132*, 134* 137 (M), 137, 145*. 
? 150*, 152*, 154, 157, 160 (iM). 



( 33S ) 

Sumatra: cJ 133. 

? 157, 163, 165 (P). 
Java: ? 132 (M), 134 ^M), 135», 139 (P). 
? 153 (P), 157 (P), 161, 163, 166. 
Bali : (J 135, 13>.), 146. 

? 156. 
Natuna: ? 166. 
Singapore : S 137*. 

? 153*, 157*, 158*. 
Palawan : S 141. 
Philippinen : S 135*, 13,-,*, 142*, 143*, 147*, 147*. 

? 156*, 159*, 162*, 163*, 164*. 
Snln : Dnrcbscbnitt von 3 (JcJ : 139 (B & W). 
„ 5??: 159 (B&W). 

Variationsbreite : i 125-147, ? 150-166. 

Verbreitung : Malakka, Natiiua, Borneo, Palawan, Philippinen, Snln-Arcbipel, 
Bangka, Sumatra, Java, Bali. 

4. Centropus bengalensis sarasinornm snbsp. ii. 

Betriicbtlicb grosser als die vorige Form. 
Fliigelliinge in mm. : 

Lombok: J 144*, 148, 166 ? 177, 180*. 

Snmbawa: 6 149 ? 181. 

Flores c? 154, 154 (M) S 179*, 181*, 182. 

Snralia S 150 ? 173, 177. 

Savu i 152 

Pantar w. Alor : c? 151, 153, 158*, 163. 
Wetter :<? 157 ? 180. 

Kisser: <? 149, 166 ' ? 173. 

Roma: (? 158 ? 174, 181, 181. 

Letti: c? 148 ? 169, 170, 171. 

Timor: t? 154*, 155*, 158*, 166. 

Celebes : i 148, 150, 151*, 153, 154 (M k W), 156 (do.), 157 (do.), 158 (do.), 
1:59 (do.), 161. 
? 172 (M & W), 174 (do.), 176 (do.), 179*, 180 (M & W), 180, 183 
(M & W). 
Kalao n. Djampea : d" 157 ? 174, 176. 

Kalidnpa : c? 155*, 155, 157, 160 ? 182, 184, 190*. 

Talaut: cJ 157 ? 174, 176. 

Siao : (? 168 ? 188 

Sangir: 103, 104, 105. 
Variationsbreite: cJ 144-168 ? lOU-lOi). 

Verbreitnng : Lombok, Sumbawa, Sumba, Savu, Flores, Djampea, Kalao, 
Kalidupa, Celebes, Siao, Sangir, Talaut ; Pantar, Alor, Wetter, Kisser, Roma, 
Letti, Moa, Timor. 

Von grossem Interesse ist, dass die Lomtiokstrasse diese nud die vorber- 
gehende Form scharf zn trennen seheint, nnd wir weder auf den westlichen kleinen 
Sundainseln, uoch auf den Inseln der Sangir-Grni>pe Verbindnngsglieder antreflfen. 



( 339 ) 

Ich Tieneiine diese Form zn Ehreii der verdienstvollen Zoogeographen und 
Erforscber vou Celebes, die anf die grosse Bedentnng der Celebes- Flores-briicke 
flir die Eiuwaudening westlicber Arteii nach C^elebes bingewiesen babeii. Diese 
Annabme fiudet in der geograpbischen Verbreitung der Ornis aiicb in einer 
AuzabI neuerdings untersucbter Falle. ibre voile Bestiitigung. 



5. Centropus bengalensis medius (Bp.). 

Centropus nu-diiis Bonaparte, Coiiap. Ac. vol. i. p. 108. (1850— Amboina ; Java!) Patr. coir. 

Ambon. 
Centropus moliirceiisis Cabanis & Heine, ex Bernstein MS., }fi(.<<. Hein. vol. iv. pp. 113-114 (180'.) 

" Tinor'' und Ternate). Als Typus diirfen wohl die beidenim Berliner Museum befindliohen 

Stiicke gelten, die durch Bernstein auf Ternate gesammelt wurden. Tinor errat. pro Timor 

an Tidore ? 

Diese Form ist noch grosser als C. b. sarasinorum. Fliigellange in mm. : 
Ambon : S 172, 175 (S), 175 (S). ? 197, 198, 200, 201, 203, 205. 
Ceram : c? 168 ? 198 (Sb), 201 

Burn: 6 172, 177, 177. ? 200. 

Batjan : c? 169. 
Obi : (? 160. 

Halmabera : ? 195 (S), 200 (S). 

Ternate : ? 190 (S). 

Variatiousbreite : S 160-177 ? 190-205. 

Verbreitung : Ceram, Ambon, Burn, Batjan, Obi, Halmabera, Ternate, Tidore, 
Morotai. 

XII. Die Formen von Eos bornea (L.). 
1. Eos bornea bornea (L.). 

Psiitacits bormus Linnaeus, Si/^t. Nal. ed. x. p. 97 (1758— Borneo !) pitr. subst. : Ambon. 
Psiltacits chhiem'is Ph. L. St. Mtiller, Sysl. Nat. Suppl. p. 77 (1770- China '. !). 
Psittacus ruber Gmelin, Sijst. Nat. vol. i. p. 335 (1788— Molukken ; Neu-Guinea!). 
Psittacus molucceiisis Latham, I/idex Orn. vol. i. p. 116 (1790— Molukken). 
Psittacus caerulealus Shaw, Nat. .V/sf. vol. xxii. p. 937 (1810— Molukken). 

cJ ? ad. Hauptfiirbuug ein leuclitendes Rot. Basis des roten Korpergefieders 
Weiss. Handscbwingen scbwarz mit grossem rotem Flilgolspiegel, Armschwingen 
rot mit scbwarzem Endsaum. Grosse Fliigeldeeken mit scbwarzer, nacb dem Raud 
zii bliiulicb wenlender Ansseufabne. Stenerfedern oberseits dnnkel rutlicb brann. 
Scapnlaren und Unterschwanzdecken lenchteiid cyanblaii. 

Juv. : Wie der adulte Vogel mit folgenden Unterschieden : Unterscbwanzdecken 
diister rot. Die Spitzen der Federn von Bauchmitte und Analregion und die 
Spitzen der Schenkelbeliedernng meist, aber anscbeineud nicht iramer, blaii. Grosse 
Fliigeldecken mit scbwarzer, znweilen lebbatt blau gesuumter Aussenfabne. 
Meist, aber anscbeinead nicbt immer weiseu einige Obrdeckfedern blassblaue 
Spitzen anf, die erst bei geuanerer Untersucbung des Vogels anffallen. Scapnlaren 
rotlicb scbwarz, znweilen mit blaner Siiumung. Aile roten Federn des Korper- 
gefieders mit lireiter granbrauner Basis, die etwa zwei Drittel der Feder 
einuimiut. 

Intermediiires Kleid : Wie der adulte Vogel, aber die Unterscbwanzdecken 



( 340) 

lOtlich violett mit cyanlilimen Sjiitzen von weclisdiider AnsdelninD<r. Znweilen 
fiuden sich iioch in diesem Kleid blane FederspitziMi in der Banehmitte. 

Flugeliiinge in ram. (Zalileii oline Stern bedenten : Tiinfj-Mnsenni oder (bei 
alien Cerarastiickcn) meinc Sammlung ; mit Stern : British Museum): 

Ambon: 3 109, 170, ITl, 172. 

? 1C0», 104, 105*, 100, 109». 

Verbreitung : Ambon. 

2. Eos bornea rothschildi subsp. n. 

Ganz wie die vorige Form, aber wesentlicli kleiiier. 

c? : 154, 154, 155, 155, 155, 157, 157, 158, 158, 159, 159, 163*. 

? : 147, 151, 153, 154, 154. 

Verbreitung : Ceram. 

Typus: c?, Manusela (Mittel-Ceram) 300(J f, 13. vi. 1911, E. Stresemann coll. 
No. 649. 

Ich benenne diese Form zu Eliren des Herrn Barnn W. von Rothschild, 
dessen Arbeiten iiber Psittaciden vie! zur besseren Keuntuis dieser Ordnnug bei- 
gt'tragen habeu. 

3. Eos bornea bernsteini Rosenb. 

Eos bernsteini v. Rosenb3rg, iV«(. Tijihrhr. Nei. Ind. vol. xxv. p. U5 (I«(;3— Kei-Insela). 
Domicella schkgelii Finsch, Die Papageien vol. ii. p. 792 (1808— Kei-Inseln). 
Eos l-iihii Rothschild, .Vo». Zool. vol. v. p. 110 (1898— Tual, Kei-Inseln). 

Der adulte Vo ,'el stimmt mit dem von E. bornea bornea iiberein, scl\eint aber 
durchscbnittlich etwas grOssere Dimeusioneu zu erreichen. Sehr abweichcnd ist 
das Jugendkleid, anf das die Namen bernsteini, schlegelii nnd kiihni gegrundet 
wnrden : die Ohrgegend zeiehnet sich hier dnrch eintrmig blaue Fiirbung aus, die, 
am hinteren Augenwinkel beginnend, sich bis zura Naeken herabzieht ; in gleicher 
Weise sind einige Federcheu iiber dem Auge blan, die Kehl- und Kropffedern 
schmal blassblau gesjiumt. Ein gemeinsames Merkmal der Jungviigel aller 
Formeu ist es, dass die Spitzen der Federn in der Banchmitte blau und die 
Uuterscliwanzdecken rot getarbt sind; tVrner, dass die Basis des Korpergefiedera 
graubraun ist. — Mir liegen 4 juv. von den Kei-Iusehi vor. 

Eine Abbildung dieses interessanten Jngendkleides, dass eine bemerkenswerte 
Anniiherung an den semil(rrratus—'Y\\n\i bildet, findet sich in Xov. Zool. vol. v. 
1898, t. xviii. Im gleichen Bande pp. 509-51U, wurde der Jungevogel durch 
]{othschild eingehend beschrieben. 

Flugelliluge ad. E.xemplare in mm. : 

Kei-Inseln: S 171, 174, 174*, 174, 176», 178. 
? 160, 107, 169, 109. 

Verbreitung: Kei-Inseln (im Tring Museum von Tual, Gross-Kei, Taam und 
Vertikur. 

4. Eos bornea bernsteini $ rothschildi. 

Viigel von Tior, Kisni CWiitubtla-Archipel), Goram und Ceramlaut sind 
hinsichtlich der Grosseintermediiir zwischen Kei- uud CerumvOgeln ; ein Jungvogel 
von Tior niihert sich in der Farbuug der Ohrdecken woit mebr dem bernsteini- 
Typ, ein solcher von Goram im British Museum ist an dieser Region nur wenig 
blauer gefarbt als junge Ceramcr. 



( 341 ) 

FlugelliingG In mm. : 

Ceramlant : ? 158. 

Goram: S 107, 16:*, 109 ? 158, 159, 159*. 

Tior: cJ lO:?, 16(5 ? 155, 157, 157, 103. 

Kisui : S (als ? bezeichnet) 167, 167. 

Verbreitung : Ceramlant, Goram- nnd Watubela-Archipel. 

5. Eos bornea cyanonotus (VieilL). 

Pxittams cyaimiolus Vieillot, Nuuv. Dirt. vol. xxv. p. 334 (1817— Molukken). Patr. subst. : Buru, 
cf. Hartert, Nov. Zunl. vol. vii. 1900, p. 228. 

Der ausgefilrbte Vogel nnterscheidet sich von alien iibrigen Formen durch das 
.sebr viel dunklere, weniger lenchtende Rot besonders anf der Unterseite, dem 
Rftcken und den Oberfliigeldecken. Im Jngendkleid (rair liegen vier jnnge Vogel 
vor) iihnelt die Burnform dem oben erwiihnteii Tiorstiiek : die Ansbildnng der 
blaiien Fiirbnng in der Obrgegend biilt iin allg. die Mitte zwischen Kei- und 
Ceramvogein, sclieint iibrigens individnellen Schwanknngen in ziemlich hohem 
Grade zn unterliegen, wie dies beim einem ofFenbar atavistiscben Filrbnngs- 
cbarakter anch nicht verwuuderlich ist. 

c? 151, 1.56, 156, 158. 

.? 148, 151, 153. 

Verbreitung : Bnru. 

XIII. Die Gattung Phyllergates. 

In Nov. Zool. 1897, pp. 517-518 gibt Hartert eine Uebersicbt der Formen von 
Pht/llergates. Neueres Material bat ergeben, dass die dort angegebenen Merk- 
male uicht alle zntreffend sind, aneh sind inzwiseben weitere Arten beschrieben 
worden, sodass eine neue Znsammenstellnng der bekannten Formeu am Platze 
erscheint. 

XJebersicht. 

A. Das ausserste Steaerfederpaar mit ganz weisser Innenfabne, das njichste 

Paar mit ansgedebntem weissem Saum der Inneufabne . Ph. coronatus. 

B. Die Inuenfabne des iiiissersteu Steuerfederpaares nnr teilweise oder gar 

nicbt weiss I'/i. cucullatus. 

a. Unterkorper weisslicb, nur die Flanken blass gelb Ph. c. riedeli. 

b. Ganzer Unterkorper gelb. 

a. Nacken dnnkeJ ascligrau .... Ph. c. cucullatus. 
13. Nacken dunkel olivbranu oder rotlich braiin . Ph. c. dumasi. 
y. Nacken scbwiirzlich grauoliv. 

1. Unterkorper leuchtend gelb . . . Ph. c. everetti. 

2. Unterkorper schmntzig olivgelb . Ph. c. batjanensis. 

Phyllergates cucullatus cucullatus (Tcmm.). 

Ortliotomiis cuciillalii.f Temmiuok, I'l. Col. vol. iii. t. 599. f. 2 (1836— Java, Sumatra). 
riii/Ilti-ijates samalraniis Salvador!, Ann. Mus. Civ. Gen. vol. xxxii. p. (ST (1822— Sumatra). 
PhijUerijates ciiieveicullis Sharpe, Ibii 1888. p. 479 (N. W. Borneo). 
Phyllergates cuculluUut jihilipiiumis Hartert, Nov. Zool. vol. iv. p. iil7 (1897— Nord-Luzon). 

Hartert gibt I.e. p. 518 an, dass Stiicke von Borneo, Malakka und Java sicb 
durcb das Fehlen irgend welcber weissen Zeichnung am iinssersten Stenerfederpaar 



(342) 

auszeicbiioD. Dieses Merkraal ist jedoch iiicbt sticlihaltifr, fla mehrere der mir aus 
der Malayischeu Halbinsel und von Java vorliegende Exemplare eine — iiidividuell 
verschieden breite — weisse 8iinmung der Iniienf'ahue dieser Federu zeigen, wenn das 
AVeiss ancb nienials die ganze Iiiueufahnc einnimmt wie bei Ph. coro/iatux. Beim 
Vergleicb von 6 Stiickeu aus Malakka, •> vou Borneo (daranter die beideu Typen 
von P/i. cinereicollis), 3 von Java, 1 von Bali und 3 von Lnzon (darnnter der 
Typns vou Pk. c. pkilippinus) liabe ich keine Merkmale ansfindig macheu kOnuen, 
die eiue Trennnng recbtfertigen. Die Nackenfiirbnug der Borueostiicke ist keiues- 
wegs beller als bei den meisten Exem])bireu von Malakka, Java oder Lnzon, und 
der Typns von Ph. c. phiUpjjituis ist ein Vogel mit weisser Zeichnuiig au der Spitze 
der Innenfahne des iiussersten Steuerfederpaares, wie sie sicb — icb erwiihnte dies 
bereits oben — ancb bei Java- und Perakstiickeu gelegentlich fiudet. Die beiden 
anderen jetzt im Tring-Musenm betindliclien Luzoner besitzen keinerlei Weiss an 
den betreffenden Federn I Die Form Ph. sumutranus endlicb ist ganz offeubar 
nach eiuem jungeu Vogel von Ph. cucullatus cucuUatus bescbrieben worden, bei dem 
die rotbraune Kopfplatte noch nicbt ausgebildet ist. 

Verbreitung der Formen : 

Phi/Uergates coronatits (Jerd. & Blyth) : Ostlicher Himalaya vou Sikkim bis 
Assam ; Manipur, Bnrma. 

Phi/llergates cucullatus cuculla/us (Temra.) : Malakka, Sumatra, Java, Bali, 
Borneo, Lnzon. 

Phyllergates cucullatus ercretti Hart. : Flores. 

Phyllergates cucullatus dumasi Hart. : Buru, Ceram. 

Phyllergates cucullatus batjanensis Hart. : Batjan. 

Phyllergates cucullatus riedeli Meyer & Wigl. : Celebes.* 

XIV. Criniger afpnis harterti subsp. n. 

Crinigei- lonfjirostris (nee Wall. I), Meyer & Wiglesworth, Alih. Mas. Dresden 1896 Nr. 2 p. 17 ; 

Hartart, Noc. Z^iA. vol v. 1898 p. 133 (pt.)- 
lole longirnslrh (nee Wall. !), Meyer & Wiglesworth, The Bird.f of Celebes vol. ii. p. 497. 

Diese Form, die Peling nnd Banggai bewobnt, wnrde bisher mit der Sulaform 
vereinigt. >Sie nuterscbeidet sicb aber vou dieser durcb viel stiirkeren olivfarbeneu 
Anflug au Kropf, Vorderbrnst und Flauken, etwas weniger gelbliche Oberseite uud 
viel scbmiilere gelbe Siiumnng der Innenfabne des iiussersten Steuerfederpaares. 

Fliigel 117-128 ram. (5 Ex. gepruft uud mit 8 SnlavOgeln verglichen). 

Typns: Peling, zwischen Mai uud August 1S95, coll. C'ursbams eingeborene 
Sammler, im Tring-Mnseum. 

XV. Sfigmatops indistincta und Stigmatops argentauris, ihre 
Formen und deren Synonymie 

In der Klassifikatiou dieser beiden Arten berrscht bis znm hentigen Tag die 
grosste Verworrenheiti Der nicht nnbetriicbtlicbe Geschlecbts-dimorpbismns 
nnd der Umstand, dass beide Arten sicb im weiblicbeu Gescblecht zieralich 
iihnlicb siud, bat zn einer langen Kette von Irrtiimem gefilhrt, und die absurde 
Verbreitung, die man anf Gruud davon bei eiuigen Formen constatieren zn mUssen 

■ I'hylUrgates heteruluemiis Mearns durfte in eine ganz amlrc Grui>pe gehoren. 



(343) 

glaubte, siichte man diircli weite, offeiibar recente Wanderun^oa iiber die Meere 
tiiu za erkliiren. So sieht sicli z. B. Gadow im Cat. of Birds vol. ix. veraiilasst, 
eine " Contir.eiitalrasse " niul eine "Inselrasse" von " G. ocularis" zu nnter- 
scheiden. Eine eiugehende Revision ergab, dass die Formen in Wahrheit ein 
zieralicli beschhinktes Wohngebiet besitzeu. 

Diagnose der Art en : 

? : Unter iind hinter dera Ange ein grosses nacktes Haatfeld, Pinselfederchen 
nnr vor und unter dem vorderen Augenwinkel . ... St. argentauris. 

¥ : Vom Ziigel bis in die Nahe der Ohn'ift'nnng zieht dnroh die Mitte des 
nackten Hantfekles ein schmaler Streif pinselartiger Federchen . St. indistincta. 

la. Stig'matops indistincta indistincta (Vig. & Horsf.). 

Meliphaga imliMiwIn Vigors u. Horsfield, Tmiis. Linn. Soc. Load. vol. XT. p. 31.5 (18211 — King 

George.s Sound, West-Australien). Typus im Briti-sh Museum. 
Gli/ft/phila ocularis, Race Gl. snboriilaris, pt., Gadow, Cal. B. vol. i.x. 1881, p. 214. 
Olijcyphila ocuhirin, Race Gl. ocularis, pt., Gadow I .c. p. 214. 
Stigiaatops ocularis, pt., Sharpe, Uandlisl vol. v. 1000, p. 78. 
Stifjmatops Auhocidaris (nee Gould !), Sharpe /.'■. p. 78. 

Stigmatops indistincta indistincta Mathews, Nor. Zonl. vol. xviii. p. 402 (1012). 
Stigmiitops iiulistincti media Mathew.*, /.<■ p. 403 (1912 — N'.W.-.i.iistralien : Wyndham). 
Sl'ijinilops indistinct i perpUxa Mvthewj, l.r. p. 405 (1012— N.W.-Australien : Cjongan-river bis 

Derby). 
Sliijmutnps indistincta rnfescens Mathews, I.e. p. 402 (1912— Xord-Territorium). 

d ad : Kojif und Nacken dilster braunlich gran, selten nnd wahrscheinlich 
nnr bei jiingeren Stiicken mit griinliclien Anflug. Riicken hell briiunlich oliv, 
Unterriicken nnd Oberschwanzdecken heller und mehr braunlich. Stener- nnd 
Schwnngfedern mit hell olivgriinen Sitnmon, Kinn, Kehle nnd Kropf blass grau, 
iindentlich wei.sslieh gesprenkelt, Uiiterkrn-per si'hmntzig weisslich, gelblich 
verwaschen ; Flankea nnd Unterschwanzdecken gelblich weiss. Ein Fleck in der 
Ohrgegend weisslich gelb bis dnnkel gold-gelb, eine grosse Auzahl pinselartiger 
kurzer Federchen unter dem Ange mit weissen Spitzen und schwarzer Basis. 
Fliigel von 11 E.xemplarcu : 67-74 mm. ; Schnabel in der Mnndspalte 18-30 mm. 

? ad : Oberseite etwas blasser, Kopf und Nacken ausgesprochen olivgriin, 
Unteniicken nnd Oberschwanzdecken briiunlicherals beim c?. Kinn gelblich griin. 
Kehle und Kropf blass gran, gelblich verwaschen ; Unterkorper schmntzig weiss, 
gelblich verwaschen. Der gelbe Ohrfleck fehlt o.ler ist uur schwach angedeatet. 
Fliigel von 7 E.xemplaren 59-00 mm., Schnabel in der Mnndspalte 10-17 mm. 

Verbreituiig : Ganz Nord- nnd West-Australien, Nord-Qneensland. 

Nach eingeheuder Priifung der sclionen Serien in der Sammlnng von Mr. 
Mathews bin icli zu der Uberzeugung gelangt, dass sich seine Formen perplexa 
und media durchaus nicht von tjpischen indistincta unterscheiden lassen. Der 
Name St. i. rufesccns (■' a rufous brown phase, the colouring throughout being 
sandy or rufous where in the type it is brownish or olive" — Mathews l.r.) ist auf 
eiu pigmentarmes (xanthochroistisches) Stiick gegriindet, wie deren zwei von 
Nordwest-Anstralien sich auch im British Museum befindon. Die gauze Oberseite 
ist hier brilnnlich ockerfarben, ebenso gefurbt sind die klcinen oberen Fliigeldecken, 
Kinn und Kehle, wiihrend die librige Unterseite, Schwingen und Steuerfedern 
die uormale Fiirbuug aufweiseu. Schnabel und Fiisse sind brann — bei normalen 
Exemplaren dagegen ist der Schnabel schwarz, die Fusse blaugrau. 



( 314 ) 
li. Stigmatops indistincta ocularis (Gould). 

Glgciphila {f ) ocularia Gou\d. I'.Z.S, 1S37 p. I.'i4— van Diemenshnd (!) ; id., Si/m>j>s. Bird Auslr. 

vol. iv. App. p. fi (1H38— X. S. Wales). 
GhiriphilaCi) auhornlanx Gould, I'.Z.S. 1837, p. 154— N. S. Wales. 
Gbiriijihiln iicitlurin pt., Gadow, Gil. B. vol. ix. p. 21.'!. 
Gl.i/i'l/l'liilu (icularin. Race (il. xiiboriilaris, pt., Gadow, l.r. p. :iI4. 
Sliijiiuitiijis oriihiriK, pt., Sharpe, llaniHint vol. v. I'M'i, p. 78. 
Stigmalops indistinctn ocuhiria Mathew.x, Nnv. Ziml. vol. xviii. p. 402. 

Ganxe Oberseite, insbesondere der Kopf, beim 6 dunkler als bei der vorigen 
Foriu. Jiingere Stiicke sclieiiieu uicht luifersclieidhar zii seiii. 

Verbreittiny : Sud-Qaeeiislaod, N. 1^. Wiiles, Victoria. 

Gadow treiiut offenbar im Cat. B. die S S voa den ? ?, ersfere nuter dem 
Nameu Gl ocularis, letztere als Gl. .Hiibocularia bescbreibend. 

\c. Stigmatops indistincta melvillensis Mathews. 

Stiffmalops iiKJiKlinchi ineh-illemix Mathews, Auslml. Avian Record vol. i. p. 50 (1912— Melville- 

Insel). • 

Ich habe das Material von Jlr. Mathews gepriift, kanu jedoch keine Charaktere 
entdecken, die eine Abtrennung von St. i. ocularis bereehtigeu. Dies ist nm so 
auffiilliger, als die gegeniiberliegende Festlandski'iste die helle Form St. i. indistincta 
zu beherbergen scheint. leh glaiibe daher immerhin noch an die Moglichkeit, 
dass sich unterscheidende Merkmale feststellen lassen. 

Fliigellange : S OSo, 09, 7U, 70, TO, 72 mm. 
? 61, 62, 62, 63 mm. 

Verhrcitung : Melville-Island. 

Id. Stigmatops indistincta limbata (S. Mull.). 

Meli2>liar/a (Flilntis) liinkUa S. MiiUer, Verli. Nat. Gexch. Land- en VolkenJc. (1839-44) p. 102— Timor. 

Plilotis limbata Gadow, Cat. B. vol. ix. p. 23ti ( ? ). 

Glycyphila ocularis. Race Gl. ridoris, pt., Gadow, I.e. p. 214 (cj). 

Stigmalvps ocularis, pt., Salvador!, Orn. Pap. vol. ii. 1881, p. 323. 

StiginatajiH ocularis (nee Gould !) Buttikofer, Not. Leijd. .\lns. vol. xiv. 1892, p. 200 : Hartert, Nor 

Zonl. vol. iii. 1 890, p. 558. 
Stigmatops limbata Sharpe, Handlist vol. v. 1909, p. 78. 

Von St. i. indistincta leicht zu unterscheiden an der viel duukleren Gesamt- 
fiirbung ; St. i. ocularis gegeniiber dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das S eiue 
weisslicbere Kehle besitzt, und dass die Oberseite meist urn einen geringen Grad 
licller und gelbliciier ist. Beim ? sind insbesondere die Kinnseiten und die Federn 
hinter dem Ohr iuteusiv gelb gefarbt, iihnlich ist die Farbung der jungen cJcJ, die 
jedoch dnrchweg grosser sind. 

Fliigel von U S S : 07-76 mm. ; von 9 J ? : 02-68 mm. 

Verbrcitung : Bali, Lombok, Snmbawa, Sumba, Savu, Flores, Alor, Timor. 

\e. Stigmatops indistincta nupta subsp. n. 

Glycyphila ocularis, Race Gl. chloris, pt., Gadow, Cat. B. vol. ix. p. 214. 

Stigmatojis ocularis (nee Gould!), Salvador!, Orn. Pap. vol. ii. 1881 p. 323; Sharpe, Handlist 

vol. V. p. 78. 
Stigmatops argentaitris (nee Finsch !), Rothschild & Hartert, Nor. Zool. vol. x. 1903, p. 440 ; Graf 

Berlepsch, Abli. Senckmh. Nalurf. Ges. vol. .'.4, 1911, Heft i. p. 70. 
Stigmatops ornlaris chloris (nee Salvador! !), Graf Berlepsch, /.'•. p. 70. 
Stigmatops argentanris, pt., Sharpe, I.e. p. 78. 

d ad : Oberkopf und Nacken viel duukler als bei alien anderen Formen, 
dunkelgrau bis dunkel schwarzgran ; Kiicken dunkel grauoliv ; Kinu, Kehle und 



( 346 ) 

Kropf etwas dnukler g;ran als bei St. i. ocidaiis. Nicht ansgefiirbte Exemplare 
iinterscheiden sich wenigcr deiitlich. 

? ad : Oberseite dnnkel oliv, wesentlich dunkler als beim ? von Sf. >'. ocularis 
nnd Ihiibat'i. Kinn, Kehle nud Kropf triib gran mit iiur geriugem gelblicL griinein 
Aijflug. 

" Iris kaffeebraun, Fiisse bleigrau, Schnabel schwarz " (Kiihn). 

Flugelliinge : S 7U, 7U, 71, 71, 73, 74, 75, 76. 
? 65, 60, 67, 68. 

Typiis : cT, Maiiien (Arii-Inseln) 19. xi. 1897, H. Kiibii coll., im Tring-MnseDm. 

Verhreituny : Ani-Iiiscln. 

2«. Stigmatops argentauris argentauris (Fiusch). 

PtiUiU urgentaiirh Finsch, Abh. Naturw. Verejii Bremen vol. ii. p. .S64 (1875 — pair. iga. : patr. 

subst : Waigeu). 
Stignuitops chloris Salvador!, An.-i. .)/«-•. Civ. Gen. vol. xii. p. 337 (1878— Gebe); id., Ont. Pap- 

vol. ii. 1881. p. 325. 
Stigmatopn argeniuuriHj Salvadori, Orii. Pap. vol. ii. p. 324. 
Glycyphila ocularis, Race Gl. chloris, pt , Gadow, Cat. B. vol. ix. p. 214. 
Glycypldla ocularis subsp. a Gl. argentauris, Gadow, I.e. p. 215. 
Stigmatops argentauris, pt., Sharpe, Handlist vol. v. p. 78. 
Stigmatops chloris, Sharpe, I.e. p. 78. 

Durch die Liebenswiirdigkeit des Herru Prof. Dr. Scbauiuslaad bin ich itn 
Stand geweseu, den im Bremer Museum aufbewahrteii Fiusch'schea Typus zu 
priifeu, wodurcb sich die Ideutitilt vou Stigm%tops chloris Salvad. mit dieser Art 
ergab. Der Typus vou St. argentauris ist eiu ¥ von 07 mm. Fliigellaiige, derjenige 
vou St. chloris ein S, und die Versohiedeuheit der Geschlechter hat hier wie 
mehrfach in dieser Gattung za ihrer anfiiuglichen spezifischen Treanung verleitet. 

(J : Oberseite dunkel oliv, Unterseite hell gelblich oliv, leicht grau vervraschen, 
die Kehle am liellsteu. Die Spitzen einiger karzer pinselartiger Federcheu uuter 
dem Auge sind gelb, ein grosses Ohrbiisches gliinzend weiss. Oberseite der 
Steuerfederu und Aussenfahne der Schwingeu gelblich oliv. Fliigel 70, Schnabel 
in der Mundspalte 19 mm. 

¥ : Allgemeinfilrbung wie beim cJ, aber die Kehle starker gelblich iiber- 
flogen. . Die Gegend hinter uud unter dem Auge ist uabeSedert, wodurch ein 
nacktes Hautfeld von ziemlich betriichtlicher Ausdehnung entsteht. Die Ziigelgegend 
bedecken einige sehr kurze weisse Pinselfedercheu. Ohrbiischel gliinzend weiss, 
von geriugerer Ausdehnung als beim S. Fliigel 65-67 mm., Schuabel in der 
Mundspelte 1<S — 18,5 mm. 

Verbreitung : Gebe, Halmahera, D.uuar bei Halmahera, Misol, Waigen. 

'^b. Stigmatops argentauris patasiwa snbsp. n. 

c? : Ahnlich derajeiiigcn der typischen Form, aber oberseits heller und mehr 
griinlich grau-oliv ; anch die Unterseite ist heller. Die Pinselfedorchea unter 
dem Auge wesentlich kilrzer und nicht gelb, sondern weiss. Iris graubraun, Fi'isse 
graublau, Schnabel schwarz, Wurzel des Unterschnabels gelbbraun, Mnndwinkel 
gelb. Fliigellilnge 72, Scbnaliel 'Jn ram. 

¥ : In der Fiirbung der ObcT- und Unterseite mit dem cJ iibereinstimmead 
imd mithin vom ¥ der typisclien Form verscbieden, wiihrend es im Befiederungs- 
typns der Kopfseiten rait diesein iibereinstimmt. Iris, Schnabel unil Fiisse sind 
wie beim 6 gefiirbt. 



(346) 

Fliigelliinge : 62, 63, 64, 64 mm. 

Typus : <?, Lusaolate (Nordkiiste von Cerara), 27. viii. 1911, E. Stresemann coll. 
No. 869. 

Verbreihnuj : Icli liabe diese Art nnr einmal in eiiicm grossen Schwarm auf 
der geuannteu kleineu Koralleninsel getrofFen. 

XVI. tjber einige Formen von Zosterops palpebrosa (Temm.). 

In ^'oi\ Zool. vol. iii. (1896) j). .510 vereinigt Hartert Zostrrops neplccta 
Seebohm mit Z. citrhtella Bp. nnd gibt, Lc. p. o.jT, als Verbreitungsgebiet an : 
"Java nnd kleine Snndainseln bis Timor." Finsch (Tierreich Lief. 15, 1901, 
Zosteropidae p. 16) trennt beide Formen wieder nnd, wie mir schoint, im Princip 
mit Recht, wenn ancb seine Diagnosen ntiriclitig sind, da er in dor Praxis beide 
Formen verwecbselt nnd citrinella teilweise zn negtecta stellt. Anf Grnnd des 
mir vorliegenden Materials (2 Exemplare von Ost-.Java, 5 von Bali, T von Lorabok, 
2 von Flores, 4 von Sumba, 4 von Savn, 9 von Timor, 6 von Alor) komme ich zn 
folgendem Ergebnis. 

1. Zosterops palpebrosa neglecta Seeb. 

ZoMerops neglecta Seebohm, Bull. B. 0. Club vol. i. p. 2G (1893 — Ostjava). 

Von Z. p. citrinella dnrcb folgende Merkmale nnterscbieden : Die Oberseite 
ist weniger gelblicb und von eincm lenchtenderen Grtin, nnd steht in ihrem Ton 
derjenigen von Z. p. simplex nilher. Ebenso ist das Gelb an Kehle nnd Unter- 
schwanzdecken meist einen Scliein griinlicber als bei Z. p. citrinella. Die Iris ist 
stets Weiss oder weissgran : Uber die Irisfiirbnng der Ostjavastiioke cf. Wliitehead, 
Expl. Kiiia Balu, 189:5, p. 261 ; alle von mir nntersncbten Exemplare aus Bali 
batten weisse oder weissgrane Iris; auf den Etiketten der Lombok- nnd Flores- 
stiicke ira Tring-Mnsenra ist die Fiirbung der Iris nur bei einem Vogel ans Lombok 
augegeben : yellowish (Doherty). 

Verbreitttnfi : Gebirge von Ost-Java, Bali, Lombok und Flores oberhalb 
3000 f. — Anf Java traf Doherty diese Form am G. Ardjnuo zwischen 8000 u. 
10,000 f , Whitehead in der Una^ebnng von Tosari bei 5.500 f. ; ich selbst fand 
sie anf Bali oberhalb 4000 f. nnr dort, wo Casuarina montnna anftrat ; anf Lombok 
wnrde sie von Doherty und Everett nnr oberhalb 3000 f. gesammelt, anf Flores 
von den Jiigeru Everetts gleichfalls oberhalb 3000 f. 

2. Zosteroiis palpebrosa citrinella Bp. 

Zoeterops citrinella Bonaparte ex S. MullerMS., Coii.yi vol. i. p. .'iOS (1850— Timor). 

Die Irisfiirbung scheint bei dieser Form meist, aber nicht regelmiissig brauii 
zn sein. Bei einer Serie von 7 Exemjilaren aus Timor (Bonleo, llOO m.), gesammelt 
durch Dr. Hauiel 1911, die ich dnrcb Giite von Herrn Hellmayr vergleichen konnte, 
ist die Iris fiiufmal (2 tJJ, 2 ??, 1 sex?) als brann angegeben, einmal als: 
weissgran !, einmal als : gelb ? Von den 10 Exemplaren des Tring Museums fiihren 
liUr 2 die Bezeichnung der Irisfiirbung anf der Etikettc : 1 c? von Savu und 1 cf von 
iSumba, beide dnrch Everett gesammelt, sind als braunitugig bezeichnet. 

Verbreitung : Timor, Savu, Snmba. Diese Form scheint nicht an das Gebirge 
gebunden zu sein ; sie wurde z. B. von Everett bei Atapupn, an der Nordwestkiiste 
limors, gesammelt. 



(347 ) 

3. Zosterops palpebrosa harterti subsp. d. 

Zosterops jiidpebi-ond citrinella am niichsteu stehend, aber die Oberseite ist 
etwas gelblichcr nml kommt im Tou derjenigeii der typischea, vorderiudischea 
Form gleicb. Der Biirzel ist goldgelb niid sticht stark gegen die iibrige Oberseite 
ab, im Gegensetz zn dem Befiiiid bei Z. p. citrinella uiid neglecfa. Die Unter- 
schwanzdeckeu sind bell goldgelb, von der gleicben Farbe wie die Kehle, nicht 
gruDlieli gelb. "Iris raw sienna brown; bill dnsky black, basal half of lower 
mandible plumbeous ; legs lead-grey " (Everett). 

Fliigellauge: <S 53.5, 56, 56, 57, 58. ? 56 mm. 

Typns : S, Alor, 30. Miirz 1807, coll. A. Everett, im Tring-Mnseam. 

Verbreitung : Alor (Kiistenzone ?). 

-t. Zosterops palpebrosa foghaensis subsp. u. 

Selir iiliulicU Z. p. ncglccta, aber die .SeiLcn des UnterkOi-pers zart grau, die 
Mitte gelblich weiss. Iris grauweiss (2 E.xemplare untersucht) ; Fiisseduukelgrau ; 
Oberschnabel und Spitze des Unterschnabels schwarz ; Basis des Unterschnabels 
hell grau. Fliigel 57 mm. 

Typus: ?, Gunung Fogha (=Ka[)ala Madang = " Mount Mada"), N.W. 
Burn, 5500 f., 28. ii. 1912, E. Stresemann coll. No. 1091. 

Diese Form scheint nur in den Kasuarinenbestiinden auf dem Gipfelplatean 
des G. Fogha, des hochsten Berges von Burn, vorzukommen, wo sie hiintig ist. 

XVII. Die Formen von Collocalia linchi Horsf. & Moore 

In seiner 1906 in Proc. Acad. yat. Science Philadelphia, vol. 58, pp. 177 — 212, 
erschienenen Arbeit : " A Monograph of the Genus Collocalia" beschreibt 
Mr. Oberholser 3 ueue Formen von Collocalia linchi ans den Sammlungen 
Dr. Abbotts. Ein Vergleich seiner Angaben mit meinen Befnnden am Material 
des Tring-Museums und des British Museum ergab, dass die von genanntem 
Autor festgestellten Tatsachen sich im allgemeinen bestatigen, und wir in der Tat 
mit einer grosseren Anzahl mehr oder weniger ausgebildeter, bisher iibersehener 
geograi)hischer Formen zu rechneu haben. In einigen Fallen bilden die 
Sammlungen in Tring und London eine wichtige Erganznng des Materials, welches 
Oberholser vorgelegen hat, und widerlegen Vermutungen, die dieser Antor betreffs 
der geograj)hischen Verbreitung der Formen iiber sein Material hinaus gefasst 
hat. Es ercheint infolgedessen notwendig, die gauze Gruppe uoch einraal in 
Kiirze zu behandeln. 

1. Collocalia linchi linchi Horsf. & Moore 

Colluadia linchi Horsfield & Moore, Cat. B. Mus. East Iiid. Cmnp. vol. i. p. 100 (1854— Java). 

Die von Oberholser I.e. p. 20 1 gegebeue Beschreibung bezieht sich nicht auf 
diese Form, sondern auf C. I. oberhoUeri (s. n.). Die typische Form hat Oberholser 
nicht untersucht. 

Oberseite schwitrzlich grangriln, fast ohne Glanz, nur die Federn des 
Oberkopfes, des Unterriickcns und die Oberschwanzdecken mit dunkel blanmetal- 
lischen Spitzeu. Federn von Kehle, Kropf und Brust braunlich grau, die des 
Unterkijrpers weiss mit dunkel briluulich-granen Centren. 



( 348 ) 

FliigelliiDge in mm. : 

Java : 03, 95», 05, 96*, 96», 98», 98-5». 

Bali : S 00. 

Lombok : cJ cf 05, 97. 

Verbreituruj : Java, Kangean, Bali, Lombok. 

~. Collocalia linchi cyanoptila Oberh. 

Collocalia linchi qiaiinptila OberhoUer, I.e. p. 205 (terr. typ. : Bunguran). 
Collocalia linchi linchi, pt., Oberholser I.e. p. '204. 

Oberseite sehr viel bliiulicher als bei der tyjiischeu Form nnd stiirker 
gliinzend. Federn von Kehle, Kroj)f nnd Brn8t sehr dnnkel gran, Brustfedern mit 
schwachem griinmetallischem Schimmer. Die weissen Siinme an den Federn des 
Unterkorpers weniger breif. C. I. ci/arioptila ist wesentlich grosser als C. I. linchi; 
E.Kemplare von Malakka, Singajwre, Lingga nnd vom Flaohland Borneo's stimmen 
vollkommen mit einander iiberein, nnd das Wobngebeit der Form ist demnach 
betriichtlicb grosser als Oberholser annahm, erstreckt sich wahrscheinlich ancb anf 
Sumatra, woher mir leider kein Exemplar vorliegt. 

Fliigellange in mm. : 

Malakka: lO-', Wl* , 103*, 103*, 1(14*, lOC. 

Singapore : 103", 105 (Oh). 

Lingga: 10 1,5 (Oh), 103, 101 

Natnua : 102 (Oh), 107 (Oh), 108 (Oh). 

Borneo: 102*, 103, 1(I4*. 

VnrhreiUmg : Malakka, Lingga, Natana, Flaohland von Borneo, Sumatra ? 

3. Collocalia linchi affinis Beavan. 

Collocalut nffinis Beavan ex Tytler MS., Ibis 1867. p. 31S (Port Blair). 

Oberseite wie C. I. ci/anoptila, zuweilen etwas griinlicher ; die dnnklen Tone 
der Unterseite meist etwas briiaalicher. 

Fliigelliinge in mm. : 

Andamauen : 94', 95», 95-5», 96*, 97», 97*, 97*, 97,98, 9s, 98, 98-5*, 99*, 99*, 
99, 99, 100*, 100*. 

Nikobaren : 08 (Oh), 98 (Oh), 09 (Oh), 99 (Oh), lOO (Oh), 101 (Oh). 

Verbreitung : Andamauen nnd Nikobaren. 

4. Collocalia linchi isonota Oberh. 

Collocalia linchi ixonota Oberholser, I.e. p. 208 (1906 — Luzon). 

In der Fiirbung der Oberseite zwischen C. I. linchi und cyanoptila stehend, 
bliiulicher als erstere, griinlicher als letztere. 
Fliigelliinge in mm. : 

Luzon : 100 (Oh), 100, 100-5 (Oli), 100-5, 101-5 (Oh), 103. 
Verbreitung : Bongao, Luzon, Mindoro. 

5. Collocalia linchi oberholseri subsp. u. 

Collocalia linchi linchi. pt. . Oberholser, I.e. p. 204. 

Mr. Oberholser hat willkiirlicb angenommen, dass seine Stiicke von den 
Pagi- (= Nassau-) Insein, westlich von Sumatra, zur typischen Form gehorten ; 
die von ihm angegebeneu Fliigolmasse weicheu indesseu so betriichtlicb vtn 



( 340 ) 

denjeiiigen typischer C. I. linnhi ab, dass sie keinesfalls der gleichen Form an 
gehOreu luul es mir erforderlich solieiut, sie zu benennen, obgleich mir leider keia 
Stiick voiliegt. 

Die Kennzeicheu siiid nach OberUolser folgende : Oberseite ansgesprocben 
griinlieb, einscbliesslicli der Scbwingen mid Steuerfedern, und mit mir geriiigem 
bliinliciien Schimmer (also in dei- Fitrbmig der Oberseite der typiscbeu Form 
nabcstebend). 

Fliigelliinge : 103, 103-5, 104-5, 105, 105-5 (alle nach Oh). 

Verbreitung : Nord-Pagi-Iiisel. Die voii Oberholser an^egebene " Uberein- 
stimmnug" eines Exeiiii)lares von Singapore ist wohl zufiillig gewesen. 

6. CoUocalia linchi elachyptera Oberh. 

CvlliimVai J'nirln eliirfii/plera Oberholser, Ix. p. L'07 (I'.lOu— Benliack-Insel im Mergui-Archipel). 

" Ahulich C. I. affinis, aber oberseits griiolicher, vornehmlich an KiickeQ, 
.Soliwingeu nnd Steuerfedern " (Oberholser). 

Flugelliinge : 97, 98-5, 100, lOO'o, lol (alle iiacli Ob). 
Verbreitung : Mergui-Archipel. 

T. CoUocalia liuchi dodgei Richmond. 

CoUocalia daih/ei Richmond, Smitlix. IJiinrl. vol. ii. p. 431 (1905— Kina Balu). 

Fiirbiing der Ober.seite etwa wie bei isjtwla ; auf der Uuterseite ist die 
dunkle Fiirbnng weiter nach abwiirts ansgedehnt als bei irgeiid einer andcren 
Subspecies. Ich kann Oberholser nicht beiptiichten, wenn er diese Form spezilisch 
von C. linchi trennt, und betrachte sie vorliiufig als eine Vertikal-Snbspezies, die 
im Flachland von C. I. cganoptila vertreten wird. Kiinftige Uutersuchimgen 
miissen iiidessen lebreu, ob vielleicbt alle zu dieser Gruppe gehOrigen Gollocalien 
N.W. Borneos sich als dodgei erweisen, und die beiden auf Borneo angetroffeiieu 
Formen sich nicht vertikal, sondern horizontal vertreten. Im Tring Museum 
befinden sich 2 Exemplare vom Kina Balii, von Whitehead im Miirz 1887 oberhalb 
3(J0<) f. gesaramelt, eines davon stelit in der Scbwingenmauser. 

Flugelliinge : 88,5 (Oh), 93. 

Verbreitung : Gunnng Kina Balu (N.AV. Borneo), oberhalb 3000 f. 

Anm. : Zahlen ohne Zusatz bedeuten : Ex. im Tring-Musenm. 
Zahlen init einein * : E.\. im British Museum. 
Zahlen mit dem Zusatz Oh : nach Oberholser. 



XVIII. Die siidlichen Formen von CoUocalia francica (Gm.). 

In der oben citierten Arbeit sucht Oberholser eine Aufteilung der Spezies 
CoUocalia Jrancica in weitgehendereni Masse durcbzufiihren, als dies Hartert im 
Tierreich (Aves, 1. Liefernng, 1897) getan hat, arbeitet jedoch mit nngeniigendem 
Material. Die Folge ist, dass seine Snbsiiezies-Diagnosen, die auf sehr weuige 
Stiicke, mehrfach nicht von der tyi)ischen Localitiit, gegriindet sind, sich in 
einigen Fallen als unzureichend oder falsch erweisen. Die Durchsicht der 
Sammluiigen in Tring und Lmulou veranlasst mich daher zu einer kurzen 
Bchaiullung der sudlichen Kepriiseutanteu. 



( 350 ) 

1. CoUocalia francica francica (Giu.). 

Hirumh franclm Gmelin, Syxt. Xat. vol. ii. p. 1017 (1788— Isle de France). 

Fliigelliinge in mm. : 
Bourbon: 114'. 
Mauritius : 11::^*, llfi*. 
Verbreituiig : Bonrliou uiitl Mauritius. 

~'. CoUocalia francica spodiopygia (Peale). 

Macropleryx spotiiopi/gius Peale, U.S. E.rj,l. Expnl. ilni. p. 176, t. 49 (1848— Upolu, Samoa- 
Archipcl). 

Itiickeu etwas dunkler als bci der typischen Form, der Oberlcojif dagcgen 
heller, dunkel briiuulich mit griiuein Kefle.x statt schwarzlich blau. Uuterseite 
etwas dnukler. 

Fliigellauge iu mm. : 

Samoa-Archipel : 117», 117*, lis*, Hi)*, IL'T. 

Verbreituiig : Samoa-Archipel. 

Anm. : Der Name Herse fonteri Hartlaub (././. 0. 1854. p. 169— Tahiti ; 
nom. inv. pro Hirando peruviana Forster) bezieht sich wahrscheinlich auf eine 
abweicbeiide Form, voii der mir indessen keiii Material vorliegt, und mit der 
CoUocalia tliespesia Obeili. (lUUO— Tahiti) verrautlifh synonym ist. 

3. CoUocalia francica towsendi Oberh. 

CollocaVa fruiuka loicnemli Oberholser, Prw: Ae. X,il. Sc. Philad. vol. 58. p. I!i7 (I90G— Tonga- 
Inseln). 

In der Fiirbung ganz mit der vorigen Form iibereiustimmeud, aber 
durchsclinittlich kleiner. 

Fliigelliinge in mm.: 

Tongainseln: 111*, 112*, 112*, 112*, 113*, 115*, 110 (Oh), 116,5 (Oh), 
117 (Oh), 119*. 

Verbreititng : Toiiga-Inseln. 

4. CoUocaUa francica assimilis subsp. n. 

Riicken und Unterseite etwas heller als bei den beiden vorhergehenden 
Formen nnd rait der typischen Form iibereinstimraend; von dieser ist C.fr. assimilis 
indessen dnrch die dunklere Fiirbung des Oberkopfes und die durehschnittlich 
geringere Grusse wohl unterschieden. 

Fliigelliinge in mm. : 

Fidji-Inseln : 107*, lOS*, 108*, 108*, 109*, 109*, IK), 110*, 110*, IIU*, 110*, 
111*, 112*, 1]2», 112*. 113*, 113*, 113», 114*, 114*, 117. 

Typus: sex ?, Fidji-Inseln, Sir Walter Bnller coll., im Tring-Museum. 

Verbreitung : J"idii-Inseln. 

5. CoUocalia francica reichenowi subsp. n. 

Von der vorigen Form dureh etwas dunklere Oberseite und geringere Grosso 
unterschieden. 

Fliigelliinge in mm. : 
Guadaleanar: 1U3, 106*. 



( 351 ) 

Nen-Mccklenburg : 101. 

Nen-Pomraern : lOO (nach Rchw.). 

Typus. ?, Guadalcanar 9. v. 1901, A. S. Meek coll. No. 3117, iin Tring- 
Museniii. 

VerbreittDiy : Saloraons-Inseln, Neu-Mecklenburg, Nea-Pommern ; S. 0. Neu- 
guinea ? 

Herr Geheimrat Reichonow hat iu Mitt. Zool. Mas. Berlin, vol. i. No. 3, 
1899, p. 80, auf die auifalleiide Kurzfliigligkeit seiner Nea-Pommern-Stiicke 
hingewiesen ; icb gestatte inir, die Form iliiu zu Elireii zii benennen. 

(). Collocalia francica terraereginae (Rams.). 

Cypselus terrae-reginae Ramsay, P.Z.S. 1874. p. 601 (Queensland). 

Die belle Oberseite, deren Fiirbung eiii mattes Grangriln mit geringen 
Reflexen ist, uuterscheidet die anstralische Form voq alien iibrigeu. 
Fliigellange in mm.: 

Noi-d-Qiieenslaud ; 111, 111*, 111*, 112*, 115*, 110*, 116*. 
Verbreitung : Nord-Queensland. 

Anm. : Collocalia infuscata Salvad. (Ternate) ist nacli der Beschreibnng 
(sebr dmikle Oberseite, Fliigel 110 mm.) zweifellos von der australiscben Form 
verscliieden, gcbort ancli moglicherweise iiberhanjit uicbt in diesen Formenkreis, 
sonderu in den von leuco/ii/gia, die nenerdings durch den verstorbenen H. Kiibn 
auf Bnru, durch mich auf Ceram gesammelt wnrde. Ob der Lauf seines 
Exemplares befiedert ist oder nicht, gibt Salvadori nicht an. — Die von Hartert 
in ^'ov. Zool. vol. iii. 1890, p. 17.5 als Collocalia francica aufgefiihrten und von 
Oberholser vermutungsweise zur Form terraereginae gestellten JnngvOgel von 
Djampea sind offenbar unrichtig identificiert worden, da .sie befiederte Liiufe 
haben. 



( 352) 



NOTES ON CLINOCOBIDAE, A FAMILY OF RHYNCHOTA, 
WITH THE DESCRIPTIONS OF A NEW GENUS AND 
SPECIES. 

By KARL JORDAN, Ph.D., a.nd the Hon. N. CHARLES ROTHSCHILD, M.A. 

(Tc.\t-f5gs. 1—4.) 

ON page 03 of the present volnuje we stated that tmir principal types of bristles 
are found iu the Clinocoridae, and gave illustrations of these types. The 
most remarkable type is the one in which the conve.x side of the curved bristle 
appears denticulate in a lateral a-sju'ct. This kind of bristle is only fonnd in the 
genera CUnocoris and OeciacHS, wherea.s the largest and most modified bristles of 
the other genera are only dentate at the ape.f. This difference in the bristles 
conpled with distinctions in the jjroboscis and sterna splits the family np into the 
following groups : 

A. Subfamily Clinocorinae nov. 

Proboscis at most reaching in between the fore-coxae. The large bristles 
broad, curved and denticulate on the conve.x side. Mesosternnm broadly rounded 
posteriorly. Metasternum broader than the mid-femur, being as long as it is 
broad, and posteriorly rounded-truncate. Raised mesial portion of basal abdominal 
sternite hardly at all narrowed forward. Eighth abdominal segment of S strongly 
asymmetrical. ^Here belong the genera Clinororis and Oeciacus. 

B. Subfamily Cacodminae (Kirk, indcscr.). 

Proboscis at most reaching in between the fore-coxae. The large bristles 
dentate only at the tip, not on the convex side. Mesosternnm snbtriangular. 
Metasternum more or less lozenge-shaped or ovate, tapering forward, much longer 
than it is broad, about as wide as the mid-femur. Raised mesial portion of basal 
abdominal sternite narrowing anteriorly. Eighth abdominal segment of S almost 
symmetrical. — Here belong Cacodmus, Lnxanpia, and the new genus descriljed 
belo\v. 

C. Subfamily Haematosiphoninae nov. 

Proboscis extending beyond the mid-coxae. The large bristles curved, rather 
broad, dentate at the tip, but not on the convex side. Mesosternnm rounded. 
Metasternum narrow. Raised mesial portion of basal abdominal sternite also 
narrow, anteriorly narrowing. — Here belongs llcinnatosiphon. 

The Clinocorinae are further characterised by the scutelhim, which bears a 
number of bristles resembling those of the pronotum and elytra, while the 
.scutellum of the Cacodminae has only small hairs. 



( 353 ) 

One of the two new species of Cacoihninae described hereafter represents a 
distinct tj'pe for which it is necessary to erect a new genus. This new genus is 
distinguislied from Cacodmus and Loxaspis as follows : 

1. Cacodmus: bristles long', most of the lateral ones of the pronotnm longer 
than the first segment of the antenna. Tibiae without psendo-joints. Second 
segment of proboscis longer than fourth. 

2. Ap/imnia gen. nov. : bristles shorter than in Cacodmus, onl}' a small 
number of the lateral ones of the pronotum longer than the first antennal segment. 
Second segment of proboscis shorter than fourth. Hind-tibia witli distinct 
psendo-joint, mid-tibia with indistinct one, and fore-tibia without pseudo-joint.— 
Genotype : ^1. harys spec. nov. 

4. Loxaspis : distinguished from the preceding genera by all the til)iae having 
a pseudo-joint and by the hind-tibia being much longer than the hind-femur. 

Cacodmus indicus spec. nov. (text-figs. 1 and 2). 

cJ?. Much slenderer than Cacodmus rillostis Stal (1873). The head exserted 
(text-fig. 1). The proboscis does not reach to the fore-coxa. The pruthorax is 




Fig. 1. — Cacodmus indirnx. 



broadest in front of the centre, the sides being rounded, though less strongly so 
than in C. rillosus. The anterior angle of the prothorax does not project so much 
as in that s[)ecies, and the explauate margin is much narrower. The hairs of the 
prothorax are long, tliose placed at and near the lateral margins being much longer 
than the diameter of the eye, as is indicated in the fignre. The elytra are almost 
twice as broad as they are long, and tlie bristles they bear are about as long as 
those of the prothorax. The abdomen is densely covered with long bristles, which 
form six or seven very irregular transverse rows in the centre of the tergites and 
are even more numerous laterally. Many of the lateral bristles are as long as or 



( 354 ) 

longer than a segment. On the nnder side of the abdomen the hairs are mnch 
smaller than on the upper, being jilaceJ in about tive rows on the central segments 
and all ending in a long thin point as in ordinarj- bristles. . 




Fig. 2. — Hind-tarsus of Cacodmus indieiu. 

Fio. 3.— Hind-tibia and -tarsus of Aphratiia harys. 



The proportional lengths of the femora and tibiae in the three pairs of 
legs are : 

cJ. 42: 38—42:42—46:52 ; 

?. 44 : 42— 45 : 46— 52 : 57. 

All the tibiae have an apical tuft of hair in both sexes. The tibiae are nearly 
straight, their outer surface being gently convex at the base and apex, and the 
inner side slightly convex in the proximal half, and feebly bnt visibly incurved in 
the distal half. The bristles of the tibiae are very numerous, being more numerous 
and smaller on the under surface than on the upper (i.e. the surface which is the 



( 355 ) 

" npper " in a specimen monnted on a slide with the legs pressed down). In the 
S the naid-tibia bears on the nnder side a short, stont and blnnt apical spine, and 
the hind-tibia two such spines, while in the ? both these tibiae have two spines. 
The apical bristles of the upper surface (text-fig. 2) are somewhat thicker than the 
other bristles. The tarsi are slender, being especially characterised by the first 
segment (te.\t-fig. 2) bearing a short, thin, pointed subapical ventral bristle and 
near it a long and slender one. 

The c? organ of copulation does not quite reach to the centre of the seventh 
sternite ; its ape.K is ronnded off, not sharply pointed, and, when the organ is lying 
in the groove, curved frontad. 




Fig. 4. — Aphrama baryx. 

Length (labrniu excl.) : S 3-6 mm., ? 4-4 mm. 

Width of [ironotum : S I'l mm., ? 1-3 mm. 

Width of abdomen : cJ I'S mm., ? 2 mm. 

The immature specimens which we have bear very few bristles as compared 
with the adnit examples, but can be recognised as belonging to this species by the 
long bristles being fuunel-shaped at the tip, and the first tarsal segment bearing 
two slender bristles ventrally near the apex. 

We have 1 ^J and 2 ? ? from Khandala, Bombay Presidency (26. iv. 1911), 
and two immature specimens from tlie same place, found in November 1911 on 
a bat, all collected by Prof. V. Assmuth. 



Aphrania barys spec. nov. (text-figs. 3 and 4). 

(J. The general facies of this species is almost the same as in the preceding 
cue. But the bristles are obviously shorter and less numerous, the prothorax is 



( 356 ) 

much less ronnded at the sides (text-tig. 4), and the elytra are distinctly longer 
than iu //. iM/ictM. On the pronotura there is a fairly large space at each side of 
the median line devoid of bristles. The bristles of the tibiae are also less anmerous 
and shorter than in IJ. indicus, and more or less arranged in rows. All the tibiae 
are more distinctly incurved on the inner side before the apex in the region where 
the hind-tibia bears a distinct pseudo-joint (text-fig. 3). The mid-tibia has one 
thick obtuse apical spine ou the under side and the hiud-tibia two. The tirst tarsal 
segment bears veutrally before the apex a thin bristle and a short and stout spine 
(text-fig. 3). The proportional lengths of the femora and tibiae are as follows : 

c?. 47 : 48— 49 : 60— .52 : 62. 

The <S organ of cojiulation extends on to the apex of the seventh sternite, 
while the groove in whicli it is situated reaches to about the centre of the segment. 
The tip of the organ is pointed and, in a rest position, slightly curved anad. 

Length (labrum excl.) : 4-4 mm. 

"Width of ]irouotam : 1'2 mm. 

AVidth of abdomen : 2-2 mm. 

Five cJcJ in the British Museum from Maseru, Basutoland, collected by 
Mr. L. Wroughton. 



( 357 ) 

ON SIPHONAPTERA COLLECTED IN ALGERIA. 

By K. JORDAN, Pu.D., and the Hon. N. CHARLES ROTHSCHILD, M.A. 

(Plates VI.— XII.). 

DURIN(i the spring of the j)reseiit year (1012) the Hon. L. W. Rothschild 
and the .senior author of this paper again paid a visit to Algeria, chiefl_v 
with a view to collecting Lepidoptera. As the British Museum had hardly any 
small mammals from the coast district and the Central Plateau-t, and as, moreover, 
very little was known of the Siphonaptera of Algeria, some time was devoted during 
the visit to collecting mammalia and their ectoparasites, with the result that 
16U-odd skins belonging to 16 species were brought home, as well as a fairly large 
number of fleas and other parasites. 

The collections were made in fonr localities — Alger, Hammam Rirha, Guelt-es- 
Stel, and Khenchela — the first two places being situated in Northern Algeria and 
the other two on the Central Plateaux. The strong physiographical contrast which 
exists ou the one hand between the northern district of Algeria (i.e. the coast 
inclnsive of the northern mountain ranges) and on the other the high plains 
which are the centre of the country, and extend from west to east, has produced, 
as is well known, also most striking contrasts in the fauna and flora. The 
coast district is characterised by a good supply of water, luxuriant vegetation, 
cornfields and vineyards, the mountains being clad with forest. The mammals 
and fleas obtained at Alger and Hammam Rirha are identical, and from the look 
of the country we presume that the same species extend southward to the northern 
borders of the central plains as far as the same conditions of life prevail — to the 
neighbourhood of Boghari, for instance. The traps intended for shrews and rodents 
(to be caught alive) were placed under the rank vegetation at the edges of fields 
and meadows and in the hedges. The neighbourliood of Alger being much 
frequented, it was not always easy to find places where the traps were safe from 
interference. As the traps, however, can be entirely covered up, and as also the 
butterfly net distracted the attention of the Arabs who might happen to be 
looking ou from a distance, few traps were stolen. The chief hunting grounds 
near Alger were the large garden of Mrs. Beresford,* opposite Hotel Alexandra, 
the valley of the Femme Sauvage, and the fields between Birmandreis and the 
Chateau Hydra. The best I'laces at Hammam Rirha were the roadsides and fields 
at the back of the Grand Hotel. The number of species collected is very small. 
The absence of the mole and all Arcicolidae from Algeria is interesting, as these 
mammals are not particularly rare in South Portugal. The various mammals were 
kindly named for us by BIr. Oldtield Thomas, F.R.S. 

I. ALGER AND HAMMAM RIRHA. 

1. Crocidura ricsstda is quite common in places which are kept damp by the 
rank vegetation. 1 obtained more specimens of this shrew than of any other 

• We express our thanks also iu this iilace lu Mrs. BeresforJ for the very kiail permission to trap 
in her garden, where the following species were obtained: Cr.'cidiira rmaiila, Arrie^ntliit harharw, 
Mm^ aU/irys, Mux alexandrinus, and Apodemits xi/lvatictm. 



( 358 ) 

mammal, with the exception of ^fl/s algini/t. It was tlie only species fonnd close 
to the edge of the brook called La Femme Sanvnge. Slirews go into a trap of 
onr construction whether it is baited or not. They rnn into the dark cavity and, 
being of a worrying natnre, try to get ont at the closed end, and thus accidentally 
spring the trap. At Hammam Rirha the species is most frequent nnder the rank 
vegetation of the roadsides at the back of tlie hotel garden. No Sorex was met 
with.— K. J. 

2. Mus alexandrimis.—A. half-grown specimen was tra|)pe(l in Mrs. Beresford's 
garden and another nnder a hedge near the Palace Hotel. According to the 
manager of the Grand Hotel at Haramam Kirha, rats are plentiful in the cellars 
of the hotel. — K. J. 

3. Mus musculus. — The few specimens trapped in a house at Mustapha 
Snp^rieur did not differ in colouring from ordinary European examples, and their 
smell was just as bad. No fleas were fonnd on them. At Hammam Rirha a few 
muscidus were obtained in the fields at a considerable distance from the nearest 
house. These specimens also were at once recognised by tlieir smell when tlie trap 
was inspected. — K. J. 

4. Mus algirus. — This is the iield monse in Northern Algeria, and by far 
the commonest of all the rodents in that district, though it is less in evidence 
than A. barbarus on account of its small size. It is found in the gardens and 
everywhere at the roadsides, the edges of fields, and along walls constructed of 
rough stones. Although it resembles in general appearance J/«.9 musculus, it is at 
once distinguished by the absence of the nauseous smell characterising .1/. musculus 
and by the much shorter tail. — K. J. 

6. Aporlemii.-i syli-aticus is likewise common in the gardens and fields, fre- 
quenting the same places as M. algirus. — K. J. 

6. Ariicaiif/ns barbarus. — This was the first time that I met with the Barbary 
rat at large. This pretty strijied rodent occurred in the gardens and in much larger 
numbers in the fields near Alger as well as at Hammam Rirha, and is restricted 
to the northern district of the countrj'. The natives on the High Plateaux did not 
know it — a sure sign that this conspicuous rodent does not occur there. It ai)|)ears 
to be partial to corn-fields, at the edges of which most of our barbarus were obtained. 

At Hammam Rirha I also found the nest of the Barbary rat at a spot where 
I had trapped a female which was in milk. When going by the j)lace the next day 
I heard a rather loud chirping in the barley-field. I followed the sound, expecting 
to find a nest with yonng hungry birds, and was rather surprised to see, after 
some minutes' search, a small blind -I. barbarus at my feet, and a short distance 
away a second, both crying incessantly. The nest was close by. It consisted of 
dry grass, and was made in a slight depression of the ground, being dome-shaped 
with a side-entrance, but altogether very loose and irregular in structure, looking 
more like a handful of short hay than a projierly made nest. There were appar- 
ently only these two babies. Several females when opened were fonnd to contain 
from four to six embryos. The Barbary rat is said to be quite common in the 
summer. Apart from the trajiped specimens I only once saw it at large, and that 
in day-time. I had ajiparently disturbed it when feeding, and it ran along a field- 
path much as a rat runs, not jum[)ing like Apotlemux S)/hatirus. 

The skin of A. barbai-us is thick, bnt also very tender, particularly on the head, 
and it is not advisable to kill the specimens by throwing thera on to the ground 
or knocking them against a hard surface, as one can safely do with M. algirus and 



( 359 ) 

A. Si/lmticus. When skinning a specimen, palling and pressing mnst be avoided. 
The hair is smoother in yonng specimens than in older ones, and their striping 
therefore more regular. — K. J. 

7. Dipodillus campestris. — At Alger I onh- canght two specimens, both adult, 
in the fields between Chateau Hydra and Sidi-Yaya, and saw a third in day-time 
cross a main road, jumping like Apodemns syleatims. I did not meet with the 
species at Hammam Rirha, where, however, our short stay was marred by bad 
weather, and trapping only done to a limited extent.— K. J. 



II. GUELT-ES-STEL. 

This place is situated between Boghari and Djelfa, in the centre of the High 
Plateau. As the time was limited the natives were asked to bring in mammals 
alive, and thus we received qnite a number of specimens. But, as ia generally the 
case under such circumstances, the result in Siphonaptera was not proportionate. 
If a mammal is canght by hand, or handled a good deal, the fleas leave it, as we 
have noticed ourselves at home with mice and moles treated in that way. However, 
some nests of mammals were also brought in with the young, and these gave better 
results. We examined about two dozen live Elephantuim rozeti, which is fairly 
frequent among the rocks, but did not find a single flea on them. The commonest 
mammal on the High Plateau is undoubtedly Meriones shaici, whose burrows are 
found everywhere under the Zizyphus hushes. I put out a number of traps in 
places where Crocidura might possibly occur, but did not find a single specimen. 
The range of hills in which Guelt-es-Stel lies offers many localities physiographically 
different, and may well be worth exploring for a collector of mammals. 



III. KHENOHELA. 

The town of Khenchela is situated at the eastern extremity of the Aures 
Mountains in Bast Algeria. It is the terminus of the railway crossing the plain of 
the Haracta tribe from Aiu-Beida southward. We did not collect many mammals, 
as our time was fully occupied with the Lepidoptcra, which were very abundant. 
Besides Jacultts oiientalis and the inevitable Meriones shawi which the natives 
brought in, 1 trapped the following : 

1. Crocidura russula. In the valley east of the town there is a plentiful 
supply of water — a deep brook running north, which contains a good amount of 
clear water even in the height of the dry season, and turns into a river during the 
rainy season. In the luxuriant vegetation of this valley russula appeared to be 
fairly abundant. — K. J. 

2. Mus algirus was obtained in the same valley in small numbers. — K. J. 

3. Mus muscultis was apparently common in the town, and we also trajjped 
it some distance away in an old Meriones burrow, and among the ruins of a smah 
house. — K. J. 

4. Dipodillus campestris, in a paler form than the one collected at Alger, was 
found in traps set under rocks and thorn-bushes, and a pregnant female was 
obtained in a trap pnt into a fresh burrow made under a tuft of halfa grass. A 
young specimen was observed late at night when I retnrned from moth-collecting. 
It jumped like an Apodemus si/lcaticus, for which I mistook it ; bnt when I had 

24 



( 360 ) 

knocked it over with my cap the more hairy tail at once proved it to be a 
Dipodillxs. 

Fonr of the seventeen species of m.ammals wliich we collected in Algeria did 
not yield any fleas — namely, two species of bats (out of three), tlie Hedgehog, and 
the Ele])haiit-slirew. On the other thirteen species we found tliirtcen diftereiit 
kinds of fleas, of which five are new s[)ecies antl one a new snlispccies. We did not 
obtain I'ulex iriitaits, Clenocejjkalas canis &v\A felis, and Ceratojili^Uus galliiuie, nor 
Leptopsylla mmculi and CeratophijHus fasciatux, ■vth'xch all nndoubtedly occur in 
the coast district, if not farther inland. We found only a single species of bird- 
flea, which is a new subspecies, althougli we examined a nnmber of nests of varinns 
kinds. What surprised iis most was the absence of fleas in the sparrows' nests 
which we took from under the roof of the Bordj at Guelt-es-Stel, some of them 
being large nests which had apparently been used for years, and which in England 
would have been full of fringiUae or gallinae. For the ))nrpose of collecting 
mammals and fleas in Algeria (or elsewhere) the summer would be a more suitable 
time than the spring, as then both the mammals and their parasites are more 
plentiful, and tlie fleas in birds' nests have had time to breed and ficcumnlate. At 
Kheuchela we had sparrows' nests taken down from poplar trees, these nests also 
proving emjity of parasites. 

Although fourteen different kinds of Siplumaptera * is a very small nnmber 
for such a large and varied country as Algeria, and certainly represent mnch less 
than half the species which occur there, the collection is of some general interest 
as regards the distribution of the Siphonaptera. 

The most striking fact which can be gathered from looking over tlie list of 
captures is the entire absence of those species on the Hants Plateaux which wo 
found at Alger and Hammam Rirha, and vice versa. However, further search ou 
Dipodillus campestris, which we may assume has a flea of its own, may jiossibly 
lead to the discovery of a species living on the dark coast race as well as ou the 
lighter-coloured races of the High Plateaux, and the martins' nests may harbour 
the same species in the Northern districts as on the central plains, and the same 
may be the case with other mammals, and cs])ecially birds. 

A further point worthy of Ijeing mentioned is the absence of the gems 
Xenopsglla from the coast districts, while this tropical and subtropical genus is 
abundant ou the High Plateaux, and, as we know from other sources, also in the 
Sahara. The now almost cosmopolitan A', che.opis occurs, at least occasionally, 
on rats in the coast districts (cf. foot-note below). 

The rest of the collection is a curious mixture of forms with either Paliea-cUo 
or Tropical aflinities. While, however, four of the species are also found in Eurojie, 
none are identical with tropical forms, apart from Xenopsglla. Ceratopln/lluit 
lavernni, found on the Hants Plateaux, Tgpldocfras poppei s,l Alger, and Steiwpnnia 
tripectiitatu as well as IschiwpxijUa aiiipectinata from the Hants Plateaux, occur 
likewise in Europe, while three other species or subspecies are nearest to European 
forms, and fonr nearest to species from Egypt or Trojucal Africa. On the whole, 
the Tropical affinities are predominant in contradistinction to other groups of 

* TothisiiQmlxjr a few other .'species must be ailile<l wM -h wcrecoUictel by tlic Hon. I,. W. HdthsihiM 
and Dv. E. Hartert on former visits to Algeria in the ncighbjurhood of Bisltra— namelj', I'ariudnntia 
Tif/gt^nbachi Kotl.s. (1904), Archaiopxylla rrhiacel viaura Jord. & Jloths. (lyil), and CuenopttijUa mint 
Riftlis. (ISOit). Moreover, Billet reords cfwnph, iii'dtctt^ i , j'luna'ut an 1 rtiitU from rats taken at Alger^ 
riiilippcville, Hone and Constantine (JSiill. iVc. I'atli. Exat. 1. 2. (1!I08) p. IJIJ. 



( 361 ) 

insects, aad it strikes ns as particularly interesting that the new Ctenophtkalmus 
and the new LeptoiJ.yjUa, both occurrinj; at Alger auJ Hammam Uirha, are closely 
allied to species from Tropical Africa. 



1. Xenopsylla cleopatrae Roths. (19i)3). 

Pulex denjtalrae Rothschild, Ent Mo. Maj. (2) xiv. p. 84. no. 3. tib. 1. fi,' 7, 8. tib. 2. &rr. 13, 17 
(1903) (Shendi, Sudan). 

4 cJc?, 4 ? ? from Gnelt-es-Stel, off Merioiies shawl, April 22 and 23, 1912. 
1 ? from Gnelt-es-Stel, off Icto>v/x libi/ca, April 24, 1912. 



2. Xenopsylla chersinus Roths. (19u6). 

Pulex clifrsiiius Rothschild, Enlom. xxxix. p. 75. tab. 4. fi^. 13 (1906) (Khartum). 

1 3 from Gaelt-es-Stel, in a nest of Dipus orii'ntalis, April 22, 1912. 

1 cJ, 1 ? from Gaelt-es-Stel, off Miwiones s/ta/ri, April 23 and 24, 1912. 

5 ? ? from Biskra, oW Dipus spec, March 1908, collected by J. Steinbach. 

The species was described from a single 3, and the present two ? ? are 
the only e.\amj)les which have come to hand since. They are distiiignished from 
X. nubicus particularly by the bristles of the outer j)rocess of the clasper being all 
situated at or near the apex. One of the two Algerian 3 S differs from the other 
as well as from the type-specimen in the smaller number of subapical bristles 
on this process. 

The ¥ ? are so close to those of A', rmbkiis and X. astia that we cannot at 
present distinguish them with absolute certainty. The receptaculum has the same 
shape in the three species. The bristles of the hiad-tarsi are rather longer in 
chersinus than in the other two species. 

3. Xenopsylla ramesis Roths. (1904). 

Pulex ramesis Rothschild, Eiitoni. xxxvii. p. 2. no. 2. tab. 1. fig. 3 (1904) (Liwer Egypt). 

3 cJcJ, 3 ? ? from Guelt-es-Stel, ofi Meriones shaici, April 21 and 22, 1912. 

4 a, 2 ? ? from Khenchela, oS Meriones shawi, May 7 and 10, 1912. 

4. Ceratophyllus barbarus spec nov. (PI. VI. figs. 1 and 2). 

c? ?. Both se.xes are very close to C.fasciatas Bosc. (1801), differing only in 
the modified abdominal segments. Although the differences are not very striking, 
they aj)pear to be constant, inasmuch as they are present in all the specimens 
of our long series of barbarus. 

The finger of barbarus (PI. VI. fig. 1, F) is one-si.\th shorter than in true 

fasciatus, and the two large bristles placed at its distal margin have a 

distinctly more ventral position in barbarus, the lower one placed exactly in the 

middle of the finger or a trifle below it in barbarux and above the centre in 

fasciatus, the distances being measured in straight lines from the socket of the 

lower long bristle of the clasper to the median bristle, and from there to the 



( 362 ) 

tip of the finger. The process of tlie clasper (PL VI. fig. 1, P) is more ronnded 
than in faseiatuft, and its distal angle less sharp. 

The seventh abdominal sternite of the female of bnrharus varies to some 
extent, as illustrated by PI, VI. fig. 2. As a rnle, the apical margin of this 
segment is distinctly notched below the upper angle, this angle being sometimes 
produced into an obtuse lobe ; but in some specimens the notch is almost 
entirely eflPaced, the ai)ical edge of the sternite being feebly bi-emarginate with 
the rounded upper angle slightly projecting. In fasciatus the seventh sternite 
is never notched and its upper angle never projects. Tiie small bristles situated 
above the stigma of the eightli tergite are more numerous in fasciatus than in 
barbariis. 

The slightness of the distinctions between fatsciatus and baibarus suggests 
that the two forms originally were geographical varieties of one species — i.e. 
that barbariis was the North African race and fasciatus a European race of one 
single sj)ecies. 

C. fasciatus, ajjart from the specimens obtained from rats, appears to us to 
be geographically variable in Europe to some extent, as we hope to show in another 
place. 

C. alludinis Koths. (1904), from tropical India, is another form very closely 
allied to fasciatus. 

A large series of C. barbarus were obtained at Alger and Hammam Rirha on 
Arcicaiithis barbarus, and also a small number of sjiecimeus at the same places on 
Apodemus syhaticus and Mus algirus, but not one specimen on Crocidura russula. 

5. Ceratophyllus laverani Boths. (1911) (PI. VIII. fig. 0). 

C. I. Rothschild, Aim. Sti. Xut. Zuul. p. I'U'.I. toxt-fig. 1 and 2 (Iflll). 

5 ? ?, Guelt-es-Stel, o^ Eliomys quercinus, April 19, 23, and 25, 1912. 

1 S, Guelt-es-Stel, oS Met-iones skatci, April 25, 1912. 

The occurrence on Meriones is no doubt accidental. The natives brought us 
a small number of young Eliomi/s, some tucked away in their burnouses, and 
also many specimens of Meriones, so that it is quite possible that the larerani 
got on to the Meriorici after the Meriones was caught. Our text-fig. 3 is taken 
from an Algerian example. We do not notice any difference between Euroj)ean 
specimens of laverani and these Algerian ones, which is evidence in support of 
Mr. Oldfield Thomas's view that the specimens of Eliomtjs quercinus from the 
High Plateaux of Algeria do not diti'er from European examples. 

6. Ceratophyllus maurus spec. nov. (PI. VII. fig. 3, 4, and 5). 

S ? . Nearest to C. kenletji Roths. (1904), from which it is easily distinguished 
by the modified abdominal segments. Both species are characterised by one or 
two of the apical bristles of the second hind-tarsal segment extending beyond 
the fourth segment, the fore-femur bearing several small lateral bristles on the 
outer surface, and the mid- and hind-coxae having less than ten bristles on the 
inner surface (apart from the bristles placed at the anterior margin of the coxae). 
A combination of these three characters occurs only in henleyi and maurus of 
all the species of Ccratopln/Uus known to us. The males of maurus and henleyi, 
moreover, bear a mane on the thorax and proximal abdominal segments. 



( 363 ) 

Head. — The frons is mnch more convex in the c? tbau in the ?, and bears in 
both sexes a row of three bristles in front of the e3'e. The npper one of these 
bristles is placed about on a level with the centre of the e3-e, .and is long ; the second 
bristle is mnch smaller, while the third is about as large as the first. In the c? 
there are two more bristles above the first e3'e-bristle, both being thinner and shorter , 
than the second auteocular bristle. The occiput bears one median bristle above the 
anteunal groove, no bristle behind that groove, and a subapical row of five. The 
ventral bristle of this row is very long and accompanied below by an additional 
bristle, which is in the cJ as small as the small hairs placed along the antennal 
groove, whereas it has in the ? the size of the upper subapical bristles. There is 
a wide gap between the long subapical bristle and the oue above it. The rostrum 
reaches to the trochanter. 

Thorax. — The pronotum bears a row of thirteen or fourteen bristles on the two 
sides together, the ventral bristle being very long and the two dorsal ones slightly 
more jiroximal in position than the others, particularly in the i , which sex, more- 
over, has two or three small dorsal bristles in front of the row. The comb contains 
nineteen to twenty-two spines and an additional small spine on each side. All the 
Bpines end in a sharp point. The mesonotum has two rows of bristles and a number 
of dorsal bristles from the anterior row to the base, as well as a row of minute hairs 
along the basal edge. In the c? the dorsal bristles of the meso- and metanutnm, 
and of the first and second abdominal tergites are semi-erect, and, being more 
numerous and longer than is usual in Ceratophi/lli, represent a mane (PI. VII. rig. 4). 
The small hairs near the anterior edge of the mesopleura are numerous, the cJ bear- 
ing about a dozen or more and the ? usually more than eighteen. The mesonotum 
lias about a dozen setiform subapical spines on the inside and the metanotum four 
or five short, thick apical spines, on the two sides together. The metepimerum has 
five to seven bristles (2 or 3, 2 or 3, 1). 

Abdomen. — The first three or four tergites bear a few short apical spines, and 
tergites i. to vi. are dorsally minutely dentate. The first tergite has two complete 
rows of bristles, and in the i some additional dorsal bristles. On the tergites 
iii. to vii. the anterior row is much reduced in both sexes, but especially so in 
the (?. The stigmata are placed some distance in front of the ventral bristle of the 
posterior row. The <S has two antepygidial bristles on a rather strongly produced 
cone, the upper bristle being short and obtuse and the lower one long. In the ? 
there are three antepygidial bristles, of which the dorsal oue is two-fifths and the 
ventral one five-sixths the length of the central bristle. The sternites of segments 
iii. to vi. bear on the two sides together eight or nine bristles in the <S and on an 
average eighteen in the ¥. 

Legs. — All the femora have a single subapical ventral bristle on the outside, 
the fore-femur in addition a numberof small hairs on the lateral outer surface, while 
the mid- and hind-femora bear a row of bristles on the inside. This row contains 
on the hind-femur six to nine bristles, apart from the subapical ventral one. The 
hind-tibia has a row of four to six lateral bristles on the inside, and a row of five to 
seven (inclusive of the apical one) on the outside. One apical bristle of the first 
hind-tarsal segment reaches to the apex of the second segment, one of the second 
segment to the apex of the fourth segment and another beyond it. The proximal 
pair of bristles of the fifth tarsal segment is distinctly moved on to the ventral 
surface, but is situated proximally to the second pair, not in between it. The 
relative lengths of the mid- and hind-tarsal segments are as follows : — 



( 364 ) 

Mid-tarsns : c? 10, IS, 11, 0, IT ; ? 24, 21, 12, 9, 18. 
Hind-tarsus : S 48, 30, 17, 10, 18 ; ? 51, 33, 18, 11, 19. 

Modifed Segments. — S. The eighth tergite has an irregular row of small 
bristles from tlie lower end of the stigma upwards. The widened apical portion of 
this segment has four or five bristles at the upper edge and four to six on the side. 
The clasper (PI. VII. fig. 3) has a straight manubrium fM) with the apex rounded. 
The proeess (P) of the clasper is broad and sliort. The two bristU's placed near the 
insertion of the finger (F) are thinner than the largest bristles of the eighth tergite. 
The movable process F greatly widens from the base upwards, being broadest 
beyond the centre. Its proximal edge is almost straight, apart from a central angle, 
while the distal margin is strongly convex beyond the centre. The oblique ujijier 
portion of the distal margin is notched in the middle and bears a moderately large 
bristle between this notch and the upper proximal angle. Besides this bristle there 
are only a few very slender ones and some minute hairs on the finger. Tlie ninth 
steniite (PI. YII. fig. 3, ix. st.) is of the type found in C./a.iria/i/s and allies. The 
proximal lobe of the exopodite of this segment bears two short strong spiniform 
bristles. 

?. The seventh steniite varies in outline to a considerable extent, but its 
apical margin is always evenly incurved, as shown in tlie figure (PI. VII. fig. 5); the 
upper angle is either pointed or more or less rounded oft', and sometimes hardly 
projects as a lobe. The eighth tergite has numerous small bristles above the stigma, 
and two to four long ones below it accompanied by one or two small ones. On the 
widened ventral portion of this tergite there are eight bristles along the ventral and 
apical edge on the outer surface, six or seven long lateral ones, and seven to fifteen 
small lateral bristles placed proximally to the long ones. 
A series of both sexes was obtained, as follows : 
17 cJcJ, 20 ? ?, from Khenchela, oS Meiiom's s/imri, May 1912. 
2 (JcJ, 4 ? ?, from Gnelt-es-Stel, o'S Ja cuius or/e>italiK, April 1912. 
One of the Khenchela ? ? is a very interesting aberration, inasmuch as it 
throws light on the jihylogenetic development of the bristles of the fifth tarsal 
segment. In the genus Ceratophi/llus this segment bears five pairs of ventral lateral 
bristles, of which the first pair is frequently placed on the ventral surface and 
sometimes even in between the second pair of bristles. Some genera not very dis- 
tantly related to Ceratophi/llus were originally chiefly separated from one another 
on account of the development of the plantar bristles. Seoj)Si/!/a, for instance, was 
based by Wagner mainly on the fifth hind-tarsal segment bearing only four pairs of 
lateral bristles. The presence, absence, and position of the first pair of these bristles 
are therefore considered to be of important taxonomic value. Now, in the specimen 
of C. mattrus referred to above, all the tarsi have only four pairs of plantar bristles, 
as in yeopHi/Ua, with the exception of one mid-tarsus which has retained one bristle 
of the proximal pair lost in the other tarsi. 

7. Ceratophyllus henleyi mauretanicus subsp. nov. (PI. VIII. fig. 7 and 9). 

S ? . The specimens from Southern Algeria dilTer slightly, though ]ierce])tibly, 
from those which we have from Egypt, and which are C. lu-nUiji he.nleiji Roths. 
(1904). The eighth tergite of the S of C. h. henleiji bears six bristles along the 
upper margin and eight or more on the side. In C. h. mauretanicus (PI. VIII. fig. 7) 
there are four bristles and a hair at the margin, and four to six at the sides, of which 



( 3(35 ) 

two or three are small. The seventh abdominal sternite of the ? varies in both 
subspecies indiviiliially, but there is an obvious JitFerence in the shape of this 
segment in the two subspecies. The sinns of the segment is shallow and the lobe 
above it short and broad in C. h. Iieiilei/i (PI. VIII. fig. 8, a and b), while in 
€. k. maxiretanicus the sinns is deeper, the npper lobe longer and the lower lobe 
(in side-view) also longer and much more pointed (PI. VIII. fig. 9, c and d). 

The modified segments do not seem to present any other dirt'erences. We add 
that in our original figure of henhyi {Eiitom. 1904, pi. 2), the third bristle of the 
'' finger " counted from the apex is rather too long. 

We have of mauretanicus ; 

\ S,\ ?, from Khenchela, off Dipof/iilus campestris, May 8 and 9, 1912. 

1 J, 1 ?, from Biskra, ofi' Meriones shawi, March 1908, collected by 
J. Steinbach. 

8. Ceratophyllus farreni meridionalis subsp. nov. (Pi. IX. tig. 10). 

?. Tlie three Algerian specimens, all females, which we have of C. farreni 
differ from the British examples in the shape of the seventh abdominal sternite. 
The sinns of tin's sternite is less deep and also narrower than in C. farreni farreni, 
and the lobes broader. In Britisli specimens tiie sinns extends more or less close to 
the row of long bristles, one of the bristles often standing at the edge of the sinus, 
while in C. farreni meridionalis tlie distance of the apex of the sinus from the 
nearest bristle equals at least half the depth of the sinus (PI. IX. fig. 10). We 
figure for com])arison a specimen from Scotland (PI. IX. fig. 11). 

3 ? ?, from Gnelt-es-Stel, taken from nests of Chelidon urbica meridionalis, 
April 24 and 25, 1912. 

This is the only bird-flea which we met with. The chief interest attaching to 
C. /. meridionalis lies in the fact that its difference from the northern form confirms 
the subspecific distinctness of the Algerian Chelidon urbica. 

9. Ctenophthalmus russulae spec. nov. (PI. X. fig. 12 and 13). 

<J ? . Near to Ct. ansori/ei Uoths. (1907), friodontus Roths. (1907), and enffis 
Roths. (1907), all from tropical Africa, but at once distinguished from all three by 
the occiput bearing in the middle a single bristle placed above the autennal groove 
instead of a row of bristles. 

Ct. ansorgt'i was originally described from two ? ? *. We now possess the t? 
from the same place and host, and tlie genitalia of this sex prove that we were right 
in placing ansorgei near Ct. caucasica Tasch. (1880). All these species have three 
genal spines, the eye vestigial, the posterior apical bristle of the labial palpus long 
and strongly curved forward, the subapical ventral bristle of the hind-fcmnr short 
and spiniform, and the fifth tarsal segment proviiled with three lateral ventral [lairs 
of bristles, with an additional pair on the ventral surface in between the first pair. 

Head. — The frons bears an anterior row of five bristles and a posterior row of 
three long ones. The vestigial eye is less pigmented than in C. an.Horgei. The first 
spine of the genal comb is sharply pointed. Tlie occijint bears a row of four bristles 

* In Xirv. Ziiiil. 1!I07. p. 330 ami 3:il the figures of Ct. auS'irgei and Ct. triodmilim hr.w been 
transposed : fig. 2 is trioilnntiiii and fig. 4 ansnrijei, and not vice versa. Tlie same has happened with 
the outlines of these figures reproduced on I'late 3 of the Knt. Mo. Mag. 1907. 



( 366 ) 

running from the vertical part of the aiitennal groove across the pale lateral (sensory) 
dot towards the posterior dorsal pale dot. The two anterior biistlos of this row 
corresponded to the anterior row of ansorijci, and the two posterior ones to the np])er 
bristles of the second row found in that species. Above the antennal groove there 
is one long median bristle. The snbapical row contains four bristles on each side, 
the interspace between the lirst and second being large. 

Thorax. — The prothorax bears a row of nine long bristles on the two sides 
together, the row of the raeso- and metathorax containing nine or ten bristles. The 
prothoracic comb consists of fifteen to seventeen spines. The metepimerum bears 
usually five bristles (2, 3), there being rarely an additional, small bristle present 
in the anterior row. 

Abf/onen. — The bristles of the abdomen are a little less nnmerons than in 
ansorqei, the postmedian row of the central tergites containing usually twelve, 
rarely thirteen long bristles. The difference in the number of bristles is especially 
noticeable on the modified segments viii. to x. in the t? and vii. to x. in the ?. 

yioililied Sfijments. — S. The eighth tergite bears on each side two or three 
small bristles above the stigma. The eight sternite has a row of four or five long 
bristles, and proximally to the row three to five smaller bristles. The dorsal outline 
of the sensory plate (pygidinm) is almost straight, the pygidium not beins; convex 
iu this sex. The anal tergite is very little longer than the pygidinm and bears, 
on the two sides together, seventeen small bristles besides two longer apical 
ones. The clasper is distally divided by a narrow rounded sinus into two short 
rounded lobes (PI. X. fig. 12), of which the upper one (P') bears two very 
long and three much shorter and thinner bristles. Below the lower jirocess 
(P-) there is one long bristle at the edge of the clasper. The manubrium (M) 
is narrowed quite gradnally to a sharp point and evenly curved, the point 
being directed upwards. The general appearance and structure of the movable 
finger (F) are essentially as in Gt. caacasica (and ansoryei), but the finger is 
much broader and shorter than iu caucasica. It bears about a dozen short 
bristles at the dorsal edge, three at the ajiex and fonr at the ventral margin. 
The ninth sternite (ix. st.) has a rather slender vertical arm, whose apex, bow- 
ever, is much widened, as shown in the figure. The horizontal arm is boat-shajied 

in a lateral aspect and bears many small bristles in the di.stal half. ?. The 

seventh sternite (1*1. X. fig. 13, vii. st.) is divided by a narrow sinus into a very 
broad truncate-emarginate upper lobe and a small lower one, and bears a row of four 
or five bristles and proximally to it three or four smaller ones. These bristles vary 
in size, but the two below the sinus always remain large. The eighth tergite has 
no bristles above and below the stigma, in which character the present .species 
agrees with triodont.us and engis, while amorgei and caucasica have some small 
bristles above the stigma. The ventral portion of the eighth tergite bears a ventral 
row of five bristles, of which the ajiical one is stout and short and the third the 
longest. Above this row there are three or four more bristles, the proximal ones 
being small and the distal one large, the latter being place<l above the second of the 
ventral row. On the inner surface there is a cluster of four or five small bristles 
before the apex. The apical angle of this tergite is rounded ofi'. The pygidinm is 
convex as in the ? ? of the allied sjiecies. The anal tergite is distiugnished by 
bearing a row of three lateral bristles proximally to the stylet, the above-mentioned 
African species as well as caucasica having only the ventral bristle of this row. 
The stylet is conical and about thrice us long as it is broad at the base. The anal 



( 367 ) 

sternite bears fuui- bristles on each side, these bristles being slenderer than in the 
species named above, partionlarly the first and second bristles. 

Length : cJS— 2 mm., ? 2—2-4 mm. 

We obtained a series of both sexes at Alger in March, A{)ril, and May 1912, 
also some ? ? in May 1908— altogether 18 tJc? and 27 ¥ ?. Most of the specimens 
were found ou Ciocidtira russula, and a few on Mus algirus and Apoc/emus sylvaticus, 
and one on Gerbillas campestris. The occurrence on the last three hosts is doubtless 
accidental. Although we obtained a number of Crocidura russula at Hammam 
Rirha. as well as many M. algirus and A. s;/lcaticus, the present species of flea was 
conspicuous by its absence. 

Rhadinopsylla gen. nov. 

(??. Frons without tubercle, or this ciuite e.Kternal, not placed in a groove. 
Antenual groove completely closed above, there being no sulcus across the vertex and 
the internal incrassatiou only being vestigial. A genal comb of five spines. Eye 
barely traceable. Labial palpi with five segments, the last segment posteriorly 
with a curved apical bristle as in true Ctenophthalmiis. Pronotum with comb. 
Episternum of mefathorax prolonged downwards, hind edge of sternum shortened; 
epimerum of metathorax narrower and dorsally more rounded than in Cteriopktkalmas, 
very densely striated above the ventral margin ; its stigma mnch more frontal than 
in the allied forms, being placed nearly half-way between the oblique upper edge 
and the anterior edge of the metepimerum. Metanotum without the short strong 
apical spines found on the proximal abdominal tergites, but with minute teeth. 
No autepygidial bristles in the c?, but two on each side in ? , both being long. 
Pygidiuni strongly convex in both sexes. Legs slender, particularly the femora. 
Basal internal rod of mid-coxa broad, bearing a mesial carina and therefore some- 
what recalling a shoulder-blade, the corresponding rod of the hind-coxa narrow and 
quite short. Hind-coxa with a j)atch of short spiniform bristles on the inner 
surface. The fifth segment of all the tarsi with four pairs of lateral bristles as in 
the hiud-tarsus of true Seojjsi/lla. 

Genotype : R. masciilana spec. nov. 

The genus is closely allied to both Neopsi/lla Wagner (1902)and Cteriop//t/mlmus 
Koleu. (1856), but distinguished by the characters mentioned above. Besides the 
type two other species belong here : pentacanthus Roths. (1897) and isacanthus 
Roths. (1907). They agree closely with masculana, but have the frons not produced 
into a sharp angle, whereas they bear a small frontal tubercle, which is absent from 
masculana 

10. Rhadinopsylla masculana spec. nov. (PI. XI. tig. 14, 15 and 16). 

Jhac/.—We figure the head of the ? (PI. XI. fig. 14). That of the cJ difiers in 
the frons being more convex between auteunal groove and frontal corner, and in the 
occiput being longer than in the ¥. The frontal j)art of the head bears in both 
sexes an anterior row of six bristles as shown in the figure, and between this row 
and the comb two longer bristles. The first spine of the comb is the smallest, the 
last (or most dorsal) the broadest, and the third and fourth the longest. The 
antenual groove extends farther upwards in the d than in the ? ; the optical dorsal 
outline of the head is slightly incrassate above the antenual groove, but uot 
interrupted. The occiput has three rows of bristles. There is no row of short 



( 36S ) 

bristles along the auteaual j;roove. Tlie eye is traceable at the base of the upper- 
most spine of the comb. The maxillary palpus is as long as the rostrnm or even 
a little longer, both reaching to the trochanter or close to the apex of the fore- 
coxa. The apical segment of the labial (lalpns is much siiorter than the preceding 
one, being scarcely twice as long as broad. The bristle placed at the posterior 
corner of this segment is long and strongly curved. The first segment of the 
antenna bears only a few short hairs, and the hairs of the second segment 
are all short. 

Thorax — The comb of the pronotnm contains thirteen or fonrteeu spines, the 
ventral ones being much shorter than the others and also placed farther away 
from the basal margin, so that the bases of the spines form a curved oblinU'i line. 
The most ventral spine is plaeed at least as far from the lower edge of the jironotum 
as do the dorsal spines from the base of the pronotnm. There is a single row 
of eight long bristles on the two sides of the pronotura together, the ventral bristle 
being nearer the base of the pronotnm and the dorsal bristles nearer the comb. 
The dorsal spines of the comb are almost twice as long as their distance from 
the base of the pronotnm. The mesouotum is as long as the pronotnm inclusive of 
comb, and a very little longer than the metanotnm, and bears a postmedian row 
of ten long bristles on the two sides together. The surface between this row and 
the base is covered with numerous short bristles, with the exception of the ventral 
portion of the mesonotnra. On tiie inner surface near the apex tliere is a dorsal 
bristle-like spine on each side. The mesopleura bear four long bristles and some- 
times an additional small one. Tlie raetauotum has dorsally at the apical edge 
some minute teeth, but no spines like the abdominal tergites, and bears two rows of 
bristles, the anterior row containing nine to twelve smaller bristles, and the 
posterior row eight or nine long ones. The metanotura and metepisternnm are 
externally almost entirely continuous. The portion corresponding to the episternum 
is so enlarged ventrad that it is longer in a dorsoventral direction than its distance 
from the insertion of the coxa. It bears one long and two smaller bristles, while 
the metasternnm has one long bristle and one short one. The metepimernra has the 
njiper angle rounded off, the proximal edge moderately rounded, and the distal 
edge more strongly so. It bears an antemediau row of three bristles and farther 
upwards a jmstmedian row of three longer ones, the stigma being, placed between 
the two dorsal bristles of the second row. This stigma is larger than the abdominal 
ones. Near the ventral margin of the metepimerum, from near the insertion of the 
coxa obliqnely backwards there is a space which bears, instead of the ordinary 
nndnlate or angnlate ridges characterising the exoskeleton of Siphonaptera^ 
numerous regular ])arallel ridges, some of which are continuous with the ordinary 
ridges of the rest of the metepimerum. 

Abdomen. — Tergites i. to vi. bear short but strongly chitiuised apical spines 
as follows on the two sides together : in J (>, 6, 0, 4, 2, 2, and in ¥ 6, 6, 4, 2, 2, 2 ; 
i. to vii. have two rows of bristles, the second row contained on the two sides 
together 8, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 10. The stigmata are jilaced between the two lower 
bristles of the second row ; they are elongate and but little broader than the groove 
of insertion of the lowest bristle. The ? bears two long antepygidial bristles on 
a common truncate jirominence. The edge of the segment is j)roduced dorsally, 
i.e. in between the antejiygidial pairs of bristles, and sinuate below these bristles, 
the edge being slightly convex below the sinus and then oblique and almost 
straight. In the i the seventh tergite resembles the preceding ones, the row of long 



( 363 ) 

bristles being situated in the centre of the segment and there being no antepygidial 
bristles. The bristles of the sternites are long, the numbers being as follows on 
the two sides together : in c? 2, fi, 8, 8, 8, 7 ; and in ? 2, 0, 11, 10, 10, sternites 
iii. to vi. of the ? bearing on each side one bristle in front of the row, and 
sternite vii. having altogether seventeen bristles. The pygidinm is strongly 
convex, projecting backwards. 

Le(/s. — Thesubapical sinus at the hind-side of the mid-coxa is semicircular, the 
angle above it being but slightly rounded ofi' and the hindmargiu of the mid-coxa 
almost straight; the apical lobe of the mid-coxa is large, and there are two bristles 
on its base at some distance from the sinus. The hind-coxa bears a patch of about 
ten short spiniform bristles on the inside at the apical third, those bristles of this 
patch which are nearest the anterior edge of the coxa being longer and thinner, 
and those placed between the jiatch and the apex of the coxa being normal in 
shape. The posterior subapical sinus of the hind-coxa is shallower than in the 
mid-coxa, and the apical lobe longer. This lobe bears three long bristles. The 
femora are slender, the proportional length and width of the hind-femur being 21 
and 8 respectively, and bear one bristle on the inner lateral surface towards the 
base. There are two subapical ventral bristles on the outside of the hind-femur 
and one on the inside, all long and slender. The tibiae have six dorsal notches 
inclusive of the apical one, each bearing a pair of divergent bristles, there being 
sometimes an additional solitary dorsal bristle between the fourth and fifth pairs 
of the hiud-tibia. A row of six lateral bristles on the outer surface corresponds 
with the dorsal notches. The longest ventral apical bristle of the raid-tibia and 
the longest dorsal apical bristle of the hiud-tibia reach far beyond the apex of the 
first tarsal segment. The bristles of the tibiae and those of the hind-tarsus are 
very strong. The longest one of the first hind-tarsal segment extends beyond the 
apex of the second segment and the corresponding bristle of the second reaches 
a little beyond the fourth. The mid -tarsi of the S are broken. The tarsal segments 
measure : 

(S hind-tarsus 33, 31, 13, 10, 19. 

? mid-tarsus 18, 16, 9, 7, 18 ; hind-tarsus 40, 24, 14, 11, 20. 

The fourth hind-tarsal segment is twice as long as it is broad. The four ventral 
pairs of bristles of the fifth segment are (juite lateral, the first pair not being moved 
on to the ventral surface. 

Moi/ified sfgiiifiits. — S. The eighth tergite bears no bristles. The cavity of the 
stigma is large, nearly horizontal, and almost gradually narrows inwards. The 
eighth sternite is large and has a transverse row of eight bristles on the two sides 
together. The clasper is longer than it is broad, with the dorsal and ventral 
margins almost parallel (PI. XI. fig. 12), the distal margin slanting upwards, the 
lower angle quite effaced and the upper one extended to near the apex of the 
" finger " (PI. XI. fig. 1.5, P). The clasper bears one moderately strong bristle below 
the insertion of the finger, a small and thin one above the insertion, and several 
other thin ones at and near the apex of the process P. Moreover, there are several 
larger bristles at the dorsal margin, one of which is particularly strong and long. 
The manubrium (M) is broad i)ro.ximally and narrow distally, its ventral margin 
being moderately convex. The finger (PI. XI. fig. 15, F) is narrow, evenly curved, 
somewhat tapering, with the distal side convex. The bristles are all thin and 
short, the one placed in the centre of the distal surface being the longest. The 
ninth sternite is boomerang-shaped ; the ventral, horizontal portion is particularly 



( 370 ) 

broad proximally and gradually tapers to a i)oiut distally, the dorsal margin being 
slightly incurved and the ventral margiu gradually rounded. This sternite bears 
numerous small bristles, as shown iu the figure. The anal segment is separated 
from tlie pygidium liy a distinct suture, the tergite being convex in the centre 
and bearing here a number of long bristles. 

? . The modified segments of this sex are very interesting. The seventh sternite 
bears eight or nine bristles on each side, and is divided by a deep and very narrow 
sinus into two lobes (PI. XI. fig. 16). The upper lobe, which is incomplete in our 
specimens, is strongly chitiuised, with the ridges unusually prominent. It is un- 
doubtedly rounded at the apex when in a perfect condition. The lower lobe is much 
narrower and tapers to a point (lateral aspect). The eighth tergite has no bristles 
above the stigma, but bears two or three below it, the lower one of them being long. 
The ventral lateral portion is divided by a narrow apical sinus, much as in 
Steiioponia tripectinata Tirab. (1902), and bears above this sinns two long bristles 
on the enter surface and four shorter ones on the inside. The outer surface, 
moreover, has a subventral row of five long bristles and above this row five more 
bristles. The anal tergite is not divided by a suture from the very strongly convex 
pygidium, but is also convex in the centre as in the cj and bears here long bristles. 
The stylet is slender, being four times as long as it is broad and about equal iu 
length to the third hind-tarsal segment. The rece[)taculum seminis (PL XI. fig. 1() 
rec.) is characterised by the head not being much wider than the beginning of the 
tail, and the apex of the tail being strongly chitinised and separated from the rest 
of the tail by a constriction. 

Length (mounted specimens): S 1-7 mm., ? 2-2 ram. 

1 (S and 2 ? ?, from Khenchela, off Merioncs shaici, early May 1912. 

1 ?, from Guelt-es-Stel, off Merio/tes shawi, late April 1912. 

11. TypMoceras poppei Wagn. (1902). 

T.2). Wagner, llur. Sm-. Ent. Ross, xxxvi. p. 104 (VM->) (Vegesack, near Bremen). 

The species, which appears to be widely distributed in the western portion of 
the Palaearctic Region, does not seem to vary geographically. The specimens from 
Algeria agree with those we have from England and Germany. 

A noteworthy peculiarity of this interesting species is the position of the 
antejiygidial bristles. These are placed on elevated and strongly chitinised sockets 
which are placed some distance from the apical edge of the segment, as in Pulex 
and allied genera. In Cte/wphthalmus, Ceratoplti/Uus, etc., in fact, in the majority of 
Siphonaptera, the seventh tergite is sinuate posteriorly to the autepygidial bristles, 
60 that their sockets are jilaced at the hind-margin of the segment. 

1 ? from Alger, taken oS Mas algirm on April 1, 1912. 

1 ? )! ,, „ ,, Apodemus syhatictis on March 21, 1912. 

12. Leptopsylla algira spec. nov. (PI. XII. fig. 17, IS, 19). 

£??. A species with three genal spines, as in />. ^asc^e«Aer^? Wagn. (1898), 
from Enroi)e, and L. aetliio/iicus Roths. (1908), from Tropical Africa, but differs 
in the smaller number of teeth in the pronotal comb and the modified abdominal 
segments of both sexes. 



(371 ) 

The upper spine of the genal comb (PI. XII. fig. 18) covers the genal process 
to a greater extent than in L. aethiopicus. The pronotal comb contains twenty-two 
spines on the two sides together, besides a small ventral spine on each side. The 
jiroportional lengths of the first and second segments of the tarsi are appreciably 
difl^erent in L. aethiopicus and L. algira, the first segment being longer in the 
former species than in the latter. The measurements of the mid- and hind-tarsi are 
in L. algira : 

Mid-tarsus: S, 18, 15, 11, 8, 14 ; ?, 17, 13, 10, 7, 13. 

Hind-tarsus : c?, 39, 24, 16, 9, 15 ; ? , 37, 21, 15, 8, 14. 

Modified Segments. — S. The movable process (PI. XII. fig. 17, F) reaches to the 
apex of the clasper in the species mentioned above as well as in the new one, and 
is more or less convex on the distal side and concave on the proximal side, being 
of almost even width in taschenbergi with the apical portion slightly tapering 
(according to Wagner's figure), whereas it is broadest beyond the centre in algira, 
and almost club-shaped in aethiopicus. It bears five bristles on the distal side, of 
which the last but one is the longest, the last the second longest, and the other 
three are thin and nearly equal in length. The clasper is produced into a long 
process (P), which is slightly curved towards the " finger " (F) and somewhat 
widened before the apex. This process bears a long bristle at the distal margin 
beyond two-thirds of the way from the insertion of the finger to the ajiex of the 
process, a small bristle being placed farther apically and a minute hair on the dorsal 
side. The manubrium (M) is shorter than the clasper in algira, while it is longer than 
the clasper in aethiopicus as well as in taschenbergi. The distal portion of the ninth 
sternite is very complicated both in algira and aethiopicus (and presumably also 
in taschenbergi) and only differs in the detail in the two species, this sternite in 
algira bearing fewer bristles and being broader at the apex. The eighth sternite 
(PI. XII. fig. 17, viii. St.) is triangular in a lateral view in algira and has five bristles, 
whereas in aethiopicus it is conical with the tip rounded and bears a larger number 
of bristles at and near the apex. 

? . This sex is at once distinguished from the ? of aethiopicus by the seventh 
sternite (PI. XII. fig. 19, vii. st.) being divided by a deep sinus into a narrow and 
pointed upper lobe and a broader and longer lower one. The bristles on the eighth 
tergite are fewer in number in algira than in aethiopicus, the former bearing about 
a dozen bristles on the widened ventral portion of the segment, while aethiopicus 
has sixteen or more. The stylet is somewhat longer in algira than in aethio- 
picus, the head of the receptaculum seminis (PI. XII. fig. 19, r.s.) being also longer 
and narrower than in aethiopicus. 

The antepygiJial bristles of algira and aethiopicui (and perhaps taschenbergi) 
are remarkable for their arrangement. The c? bears on each side three and the 
? four, and these bristles are divided into two sets separated by a sinus of the 
hind-margin of the seventh tergite, there being two bristles above the sinus and 
one below it in the i, and two above and two below it in the ?. In L. muscidi, 
sobrinus, pectiniceps, etc., the sockets of the antejjygidial bristles of each side are 
contiguous, there being no interspace within the cluster. 

L. algira was plentiful on Arvicanthi.s barbarus at Alger and Hammam Rirha 
together with Ceratoplujllus barbarus, both fleas being found on the same indi- 
viduals of the host as well as in the nest. We also found a few specimens on 
Crocidura russula and Apodemus sijlvaticus, which are doubtless accidental 
hosts. 



( 372 ) 
13. Stenoponia tripectinata Tirab. (1902). 

Hystrichopsylla tripectinata Tiraboschi, Boll. So;. Z-i<tl. Itnl. xi. p. lO'l. plate (11(02) (Italy). 

We proposed Stenoponia for tripectinata and coelestis in Proc. Zool. Sac. 
Land., p. 391 (1011). The chief distinctions are the four-segmented labial palpi 
and the presence of one receptacnlaiu seminis instead of two as in IIi/.itrichop^i/lh. 

S. tripectinata is a Mediterranean species known from Italy, Asia Minor and 
the Azores. We met with it only on the Hants Plateanx. 

3 (?cJ, 2 ? ? from Guelt-es-Stel, oS Meriones shawi, April 21 and 23, 1912. 

1 c?, 2 ? ? from Khenchela, off Meriones shawi, May 10, 1912. 

9 cJcJ, 4 ? ? from Khenohehi, ofl' Mas nlgirus. May 8, 1912. 

14. Ischnopsyllus unipectinata Tascb. (1880). 

TijiMnpisijlla unipectinata Taschenberg, Die Fliilu: p. 01 (IH80) (Switzerland, off liliiiioluplux 
hipposideros'). 

1 (J, 1 ? from Guelt-es-Stel, oS Rhinolopkasjerrum-eqiunum, A.\m\ IT, 1912. 

Only the pronotal comb is developed in this species, but there are some short 
stout spines at the apices of the nietauotniu and the first three abdominal tergites 
which are presumably remnants of four more combs. From the presence of these 
vestigial combs we may conclude that species e.\ist or have e.Kisted with these 
combs fully developed. R. unipectinata agrees in all essentials best with Ischno- 
psyllus, apart from the male genitalia, which are of a difiereut type. 



( 373) 

ON SOME UNFIGURED BIRDS. 

(Plates I. and II.) 
By ERNST HARTERT. 

PI. I. : Monias benschi Oust. & Grandid. 

In the Biilletimhi .Viiscum <rfIis(oire Xatiirelle, Paris, vol. i.\., 1903, pp. 10-12, 
Messrs. Oustalet & Grandidier described a very peculiar new bird from Vorondreo, 
25 kilometres east of Tiile.ir, in Madagascar, which they called Monias benschi, 
in honour of Monsienr Bensch, Administrator of Madagascar, who had i)resented 
the type, a nniijue s])ecimen, to the Paris Musenm. 

The authors snggested that this bird, which is undoubtedly the representa- 
tive of a new genus, might belong to the Rallidae, but they truly said that this 
supposed position in the system was only a suggestion, and that it was always 
difficult, and often even dangerous, to decide about the actual position and 
affinities of a bird of which one possessed only a skin, without skeleton. 

About a year ago or so we received from Mr. W. F. H. Rosenberg in 
London three skins of Monias benschi, killed near Tulear, in Madagascar, the 
actual " terra typica " of this species. The type of this bird was described as a 
female, while two of our birds are said to be males, one a female. The female 
agrees with the original descrijition, having the feathers of the chin and fore- 
neck reddish chestnut, with white bases and white outer edges, not quite 
e.Ktending to the tij), thus producing a rufous chestnut appearance, mottled with 
white ; the jugular region is more rusty brown, and each feather has a roundish 
black spot near tlie tip. The two "males" have the throat and foreneck white, 
and a black line runs down the sides of the neck, commencing very narrowly 
under the eye, and widening towards the shoulders; the jugulum is also white, 
with a ro;nulish or heart-shaped spot near the tip of each feather. Otiierwise the 
sexes are similarly marked and coloured. 

With regard to the systematic position, we can at present only make 
Puggestions, having, like Messrs. Oustalet & Grandidier, only skins before us ; these 
skins, though a little better than the type specimen, are very badly prei)ared, a 
fact which does not by any means facilitate their study. I should say that probably 
the authors are right in suggesting tiuit Monias b^jlongs to the Rallidae, unless 
it forms a new family. 

The curved bill reminds one at first sight of a Poinatorhinus, but Manias cannot 
be a Passerine bird. The head is somewhat flat on toj) ; the nostrils are slit- 
like, and lie in a longitudinal groove which extends about to the middle of the 
beak. The nostrils are not pervious, as in most Kails, bnt as there are excep- 
tions among the Hails (Rhinochetus'), this alone could not decide against the 
Ralline affinities. The feathers are soft, downy (flnffyi at base, the plumage is 
tight and close. Wings rounded, the first aliont two-thirds of the longest, the 
fourth, fifth, and sixth about equal and longest, the longest secondaries about 
as long as the primaries. Tail long and rounded, consisting of fourteen, not 
twelve, rectrices. Upper tail-coverts reaciiing nearly to the middle of the tail. 



( 374 ) 

under tail-coverts wide, broad, and exteiulinn; as far as two centimetres from the 
end of the tail. In front and behind the eye is a triangnlar bare spot, black 
in the skins. The legs and feet are very strong and short, the hind toe well 
developed, middle toe comparatively short. Lower part of tibia bare. Tarso- 
metatarsns anteriorly with seven or eight strongly marked large scales, 
posteriorly with less prominent tliongli distinct scales. Toes strongly scaled. 

Cnlmen 38—41, wings S 125, iS 123— li.j, tail 135-140, tarsus about 
32 — 35, middle toe with claw 31 — 33, hind toe with claw 19 — 2n mm. 

On the wing appears to be a bony protuberance below the bend and some 
obstacle on the wing, iu the place of tlie thumb, reminding one of tlie well- 
developed claws of the index and pollex in the young Opisthocomus, and in 
other Rails. 

Our three birds are fully adult. It is to be hoped that a specimen in spirit 
may soon reach a European museum. 

PI. II. : Leucopsar rothschildi and Gracupica tertia. 

Leiwopsar rothschikli has been described by Mr. Stresemann in 13x11. B.O. 
Club xxxi. p. 4 (28. x. 1912), from a single specimen shot by himself on the 
island of Bali. Apart from the interest attached to every discovery of an 
entirely new species and genus of birds, this remarkable Starling, with its long, 
pendent occipital crest, is apparently the only distinct species inhabiting — as far 
as our present knowledge goes — the island of Bali alone. All the other forms 
found on Bali are either the same as those occurring on Java, or closely allied 
subspecies ; or, on the other hand, found also on Lombok, or Lombok and other 
islands. 

Gracupica tertia has been named by myself iu JSoe. Zoo/, iii. p. 547, 1896, 
from specimens collected on Bali by the late William Doherty. The same 
distinct species was afterwards also found on the island of Lombok by the late 
Alfred Everett (cf. Sov. Zool. iii. p. 594). 

More about Leucopsar roth.-ichihli and Gracupica tertia will be said in au 
account of the birds of Bali by Mr. E. Stresemann, which will be published in 
iVof. Zool. XX., 1913. For some preliminary remarks on the zoogeographical 
relations of Bali and Lombok see Bull. B.O. Club of the November meeting, 
1912. 



( ^"^ ) 



SOME UNFIGURED SYNTOMIDAE, 

ARCTIANAE. 



AEGEBIABAE, AND 



By the Hon. W. ROTHSCHILD, Ph.D., F.R.S. 



PLATE 111. 

Fig. 

1. Teiicer apicalis Rnthseh. . 

2. ,. dislincta Rothsch. 

3. ,, 7-ii.hrothorax Rothsch. . 

4. „ ijennana Rothsch. 

5. Episcepsis hainpsoni Rothsch. . 

6. ,, dominicensis Roth.sch. 

7. ,, klagesi Rothsch. 

8. ,, sm-didii^ Rothsch. . 

9. „ ockendeni Rothsch. . 

10. „ liitoralis Rotlisch. . 

11. Ariji/roeides fuscipes IXnihach. , 

12. Diptilon aurantiipes Rothsch. . 

13. Episcepsis scintillans Rothsch. 

14. Aniata albicornis Rothsch. 

15. Ceryx ajfinis Rothsch. . 

16. Amata pseudexlensa Rothsch. . 

17. ,, perixanthia sinensis Rothsch 

18. ,, jankowskiji Rothsch. . 

19. ,, basigera gilolensis Jiothic\i. 

20. ,. simillima Rothscli. 

21. ., assamica nom, iiov. = khasiana Rothsch. (nom. p 

22. Callilomis ffii/as Fvothsch. 

23. Amata leechi Rothsch. 

24. ,, Jtavolavuta Rothsch. r 

25. Ceryx meeki Rothsch. 

26. Amata fruhslwjeri Rothsch. . 

27. „ jaAsoni Rothsch. 

28. ,, idijrohasalis Rothsch. . 

29. ,, atteniiata Rothsch. 

30. Trichaeta hosei Rothsch. 

31. Diptilon hoffmanyisi Rothsch. 

32. Mesothen dorsimacida Rothsch. 

33. CalUtomis distorta Roth.sch. . 

34. Amata elimsi Rothsch. . 

35. „ snelhni Rothsch. 

36. ,, qiKulripunctata Rothsch. 

37. ,, connectens Roth.sch. 

38. Ceryx keiensis Rothsch. . 

39. „ ericssoni Rothsch. 

40. „ auratUiobasis Rothsch. 
25 



eoc.) 



Nov. ZOOL. 
Vol. .xviii. p. 42 
p. 43 



p. 44 



p. 42 

p. 44 

Vol. .xvii. p, 433 

p. 429 

p. 435 



p. 434 



,, 


p. 435 


., 


p. 429 


., 


p. 433 


,, 


p. 434 




p. 429 


») 


p. 435 


J, 


p. 432 


n 


p. 436 


,, 


p. 437 




p. 431 


Vol. xviii. 


p. 4-' 


„ 


p. 45 


Vol. xvii. 


p. 429 


,. 


p. 432 


,. 


I) 


., 


p. 433 


,, 


1» 


,, 


p. 430 



( 3Tfi ) 



Fig. 

41. Ceryx kiiehni Rothsch. . 

42. ,, siritihoei minnr Rotliscli. 

43. Triehaeta hannegieteri Rotliscli. 

44. AinaUi tiiunei/i Rothsch. 

45. ,, pembertoni Rothsch. 
4G. „ kalidiipensis Rothsch. . 
47. „ williami Rothsch. 



Xov. ZOOL. 

Vol. xvii. p. 430 
p. 431 



p. 432 
p. 433 



1. 
2. 

3. 
4. 
5. 
6. 
7. 
8. 
9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
U. 
15. 
IG. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 
25. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 
30. 
31. 
32. 
33. 
33«. 
34. 
34a. 
35. 
36. 
37. 

;is. 

39. 
40. 
41. 



PLATE lY, 

Amaia kenredi Rothsch. . 

,, vamlepolli Rothsch. 

„ everelti Rothsch. . 

„ henrici Rothsch. . 
Eressa dohertiji Rothsch. 

,, confinis malaccensis Rothsch 

,, confinis iiitensa Rothsch. 

„ aperiens klias'tuna Rothsch. 

„ vespoides Rothsch. 

,, ichneumoniformis Rothsch. 
Dijsauxes punctata kaschmiriensh Rothsch 
Apisa subcanescens Rothsch. ? (c? cf. fig. 18) 

,, canescens Walk. (J 

,, rentlalli Rothsch. ? 

„ canescens Walk. ? 
Epitoxis ansorgei Rothsch. 
Pseudonaclia puella minor Rothsch 
Apisa subcanescens Rothsch. <? ( ? cf. fig. 12) 

,, aurantiaca Rothsch. 
Eressa simplex Rothsch. 

„ everelti Rothsch. 
Xeeressa ichiteheadi Rothsch 
Hyalaethea kuehni Rothsch. 
„ meeki Rothsch. 

,, dohertyi Rothsch 

,, metaphaea georgiensis Rothsch. ? 



,, alberti Rothsch. 

Pseudoceryx dohertyi Kothsch. 
Sphecia bombyliformis Rothsch. 
Meliltia funebris Rothsch. 
Paranlhrene affinis Rothsch. . 
Aegeria aarantiibasis Rothsch. 

»» >t )» X 

,, gaudens Rotliscli. 

n J) )» X - 

^felittia imperator Rothsch. . 
Aegeria ruficauda Rothsch. 
Ickneamenoptera dohertyi Rothsch 
Sanninoidia peruviaiui Rothsch. 
Ichneumenoptera caerulei/ascia Rothsch. 
Meliltia superba Rothsch. 
IchneHinenjptera caeruleijaicla Elothscli. 



s 



6 (? 



For 



For 



comp 



comparison 



f. fi-. 41) 



(<Jcf. fig. 39) 



Vol. xviii. 



p. 436 



p. 437 



p. 438 



p. 141 
p. 442 

p. 441 

p. 441 

p. 442 
p. 441 
p. 439 



p. 440 



p. 45 
p. 46 





P- 


45 




P- 
P- 


46 

47 


J) 






Vol. .Nvi. 


P- 


132 


A"ol. xviii. 


P- 


47 



( 377 ) 



PLATE V. 



S (? cf. iig. U) 



(J in text 
<? cf. fig. 1 



Fig. 

1. Automolis pseudoguapisa Kothsch. 

2. Halisidota umbrina Rothsch. c? 

3. A utomoliii latania Druce. cJ . 

4. ., sdiistaceus Rothsch. ^ 

5. Ili/jiomolis J'assli Rolhfch. tS 

6. Amata oipstoni Rothsch. (J . 

7. ,, alberti Rothsch. ? 

8. Gynnielki plumosa Rothsch. (J 

9. C'hri/soslola cosmosomoides Rotlisch. ? 

10. .•( «<onioM« tonJaZotfZes Rothsch. c? 

11. ,, pseadoguupisa Roth.sch. ? ( 

12. ., garleppi pallidipennis Rothsch 

13. Microniiclia bicolor Rothsch. ? 

14. Amata aurantiifrons Rothsch. (J . 

15. Mia-oaaclia hopardina. Rothsch. ? 

16. Halisidota colombiana Rothsch. $ 

17. Robinsonia baiujhaasi Rothsch. ? 
IS. Halisidota dognini Rotlisch. ? 

19. Amastiis postjlavidus Hothsch. ? . 

20. Pelochyta fassli Rothsch. c? • 

21. Amata wilemani Rothsch. c? 

22. Autoniolis gnapisa Schaus. 

23. ., tanala Schaus. 

24. Amata arfakensis Rothsch. , . 

25. „ yannaiwii^is Rothsch. . 

26. ilicrowKlia oberthueri Rothsch. 

27. A lUomolisJlavoplagiata Hothsch. 

28. Phragmatobia faroulti Rothsch. Ann. Mag. 

29. AutomolisJlavoinargiiuUa Rothsch. 

30. Nerilos syntomoides Rothsch. 

31. Ochrodola pronapides major Rothsch 

32. Cosmosoma lemoulti Rothsch. 

33. Gynuielia plagiata Roth.sch. 

34. Trivhiiira piisilla Hothsch, 

35. Homoeocera bombiformis Rothsch. . 
35m. ,, ,, Secondary sexual organs 

36. „ garleppi Rothsch. .... 



For 



comparison, 



For 
For 



A'«i. Hist. 



comparison 
comparison 



vni. p, 



Vol 



Nov. ZooL. 
, xvii. p. 505 
P- 



Vol. xviii. 



Vol. 



Vol. 



Vol. xvii. 
Vol. xviii. 



68 



504 
158 
155 
154 
156 
157 
504 
505 
25 
155 
154 
155 
158 
157 
p. 506 
p. 158 



P- 
V- 
V- 
V- 
P- 
P- 
P- 
P- 
P- 
P- 
P- 
P- 
P- 
P- 



p. 154 



M 


p. 154 


J) 


p. 155 


J» 


!. 


„ 


p. 157 


233. 1911. 




Yol. xvii. 


p. 21 


>» 


p. 505 


,, 


p. 36 


Vol. xviii. 


p. 156 


i» 


!' 


jj 


p. 157 


>> 


p. 156 



p. 156 



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NOVITATES ZOOLOGICAE. 



H Journal of Zooloo^. 



EDITED liV 



The Hon. W.^LTER EOTHSCHILD, F.R.S,, I'n.D., 
Dr. EENST HARTEKT, ano Dk. K. JORDAN. 



Vol. XIX. 






Pages 371)— 403. 
Pl.vies I.—V. and XIII., XIV. 

Issued Aphil 14th, at the Z(ioi.i«:iiai, Museum, Trixo. 



I'KINTKD 15V IIAZELL, WAT.SON >»c VINKV, Ld., I.ONHON AND AV I.KSBUK V, 

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Vol.. XIX. 

NOVITATES ZOOLOGTCAE. 

KDITED BY 

WALTER ROTHSCHILD, ERNST HARTERT, and KARL JORDAN 

CONTENTS OF NO. III. 

INDEX TO VOLUME XIX 379-403 

EXPLANATIONS OF PLATES XIII AND XIV. 

PLATES I.— V. AND XIII.— XIV. 

(TITLE-PAGE, CONTENTS, AND ERRATA TO VOLUME XIX.) 



( ^'0 ) 



INDEX 



abbreviata (Tathothripa), 47. 
abdominalis (Agyrta), 162, 163. 
Abromis, 282, 283. 
absona (Anisogamia), 68. 
Acantholipes, 55. 
aoantliopus (Apion), UO, 111. 

— (Trichapion), 97, UO. 
Accipiter, 276 
Aclytia, 159, 160. 
Acorynus, 137. 
Acrapex, 35. 
Acridotheres, 308. 
Acronicta, 1. 
Actinodura, 289. 
acuticauda (JIunia), 307. 
acutipennis (Agyrta), 163. 
adamarig (Heteropan), 147. 
adusta (Amycles), 153, 154. 
adustum (Chirotenon), 63. 
aedoQ (Arundinax), 297. 

— (Phragamaticola), 297. 
Aegeria, 122. 
Aegithalisous, 301, 302. 
Aegithalos, 301. 
iEgithalus, 302. 
Aegotheles, 196. 
aeuiodium (Conostoma), 292. 
aemodius (Parus), 301. 
aenea (Chaptia), 309. 
aeolum (Euoereon), 176. 
aeralatus (Pterythius), 291. 
aeruginosus (Cacomantis), 332, 335. 

— (Conurus), 84, 85. 
aethiopicus (Leptopsylla), 370, 371. 
acthiops (Poecilodi'yas), 322. 

— (Pratincola), 322. 
.Aethiopsar, 308. 
Aethomyias, 198. 
Aethopyga, 303, 304. 
afer (Litotropis), 67. 
aflinis (Aclytia), 159. 

— (Amycles), 1.53. 

— (.\utochlori.s), 156. 

— (Apus), 278. 

— (Balacra), 122. 

26 



affinis (Centropiis), 337. 

— (Ceramidia), 153. 

— (Collocalia), 348. 

— (Coracias), 277. 

— (Criniger), 342. 

— (Empyreuma), 155, 156. 

— (Gamdinodes), 232. 

— (Monosyntaxis), 224. 

— (Neoscaptia), 239. 

— (Phileros), 185, 186. 

— (Pliloeobius), 66. 

— (Phylloscopus), 297. 

— (Pseudapiconoma), 122. 

— (PycnorhampUus), 305. 

— (Tchitrea), 282. 

— (Teipsiphone), 282. 
Agathia, 72, 81. 

agathia (Probolosceles), 80. 

Agathiopsia, 68. 

agrestis (Microtus), 58, 59, 60, 62. 

Agrotis, 125. 

AgyUa, 226-8. 

Agyrta, 161-5. 

Agyrtachena, 161. 

agyrtes (Cteaophthalmus), 59, 60, 62. 

— (Typlilopsylla