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AN ILLUSTRATED MONTHLY DEVOTED TO
MONEY AND MEDALLIC ART
FARRAN ZERBE, Managing Editor and Publisher.
Associate Editors^E. H. ADAMS, F. C. HIGGINS, ROWLAND WOOD.
Adams, Edgar H.
Brenner, Victor D.
comparette, t. l.
duffield, f. g.
Haseltine, John W.
Hassler, Dr. F. A.
HiGGINS, F. C.
Lagerberg, de Axel Julius
Lighthouse, J. C.
McLachlan. R. W.
Ramsden, H. a.
Saxton, B. H.
Wheeler, Horace L.
Wood, Howl and
Abdul Hamid II. Coins of 139
Active Collector at 93 (Dr. J. C. Green) 357
Adams, E. H. —
Articles by 2, 44, 84, 111, 129,
135, 140, 146, 165. 177, 193, 206,
211, 229, 230, 236, 245, 275, 311. 340
Publication References 174. 313. 345
Additions to U. S. Gold Coin Varieties 115
Africa, German East, Coinage Report. 329
Alaska Gold Charms 147
A. Y. P. Exposition 147, 252. 307
Alchemistlc Coins and Medals 107
Alexander (The Great), Tetradrachm
Aluminum Coins, France 246
American Numismatic Association —
Convention 148, 180, 209, 237, 257
Group Picture 259
Hands Across the Sea 152
Honor to the 65
Library 118, 215. 266
Nomination of Officers 183, 213
Reports, etc 22, 54, 86, 116,
148, 180, 209, 212, 248, 287, 316, 348
Am. Numism'c Notes, Current. 44, 84, 111
Am. Numismatic Society. 26, 92, 122. 155
Amulet Coins, Chinese Historical 227
Ancient Money of Argos 175
Andrew, A. Piatt. Mint Director 277
Argentine Coinage Report 329
Argos. Ancient Money of 175
Art Circle. New 319
Artists' Names on Coins 276
Ash brook, Hon. Wm. A. (Reference). 43
Assay Commission, Recommendation. 144
Assaying at A. Y. P. Exposition 252
Atkinson, Asher D., Obituary 310
Australia Coinage Report 329
Austria-Hungary Coinage Report 330
Bank Note, A Famous 196
Bechtler. New Variety |5 340
Beginners, Numismatic Maxims for. . 303
Belgium Coinage Report 330
Belgium International Numismatic
Congress, 1910 76, 113, 179, 316
Blgelow, Dr. Wm. S. (Reference) 33
Bolivia Coinage Report 330
Boston Catholics' Convention Medal.. 13
Boston Numismatic Society. .189, 320, 354
Brand. Virgil M 165, 289, 314, 315
Brazil Coinage Report 330
Brenner, Victor D 40, 68, 69, 71,
134, 225, 226, 269. 276, 304
British Columbia |10 and |20 Coins. . 135
British Guiana Coinage Report 330
British Museum Anniversary 78
History Glimpses 341
British Numismatic Society 153
Calico Designer's Coin Types 2
California Coinage, New Light on 129
Church Treasurer's Hoard 242
Coinage Report 331
Early Gold Coins 135
New Type Sovereign 284
Notes of. 58, 84, 123. 246
Rare Sovereign (1908) 18, 84
Card Money (Japan) 305
Cards, Probable Lincoln Head 229
Carolina, Early Gold Bullion 245
Catania Mint History 51
Catholic Convention Medal 13
Cent Rivalry Climax 189
Cent, United States —
68, 83, 178, 207, 225. 269. 304
1909 Varieties 269
Ceylon Coinage Report 331
Champlain, J. C, Obituary 274
Champlain Ter-Centenary Medal 305
Chapman, Henry (Letter) 228
Chapman, S. Hudson (Letter,^ etc.) ... 33
Charms, Gold * 147
Chateau de Ramezay 273
Chicago Numismatic Society,
58, 92, 123, 188, 217. 289. 320. 353
Coinage Report 331
Historical Amulet Coins 227
Church Treasurer's Hoard. Disap-
Clark. Charles M., Obituary 318
Coin Collector Need Not be Rich 197
Coin Design Competitions (Germany) 131
Coin Impression Post Marks 357
Coin Types, by Calico Designer 2
"Coin Values and Lists" (Publicaton) 205
"Coins" That Are Not Coins 147
Coins That Speak to Us 233
Colombia Coinage Report 331
Colonial Coin Notes 44. 84. 233
Comparette, T. Louis 169. 313
Congo Free States Coinage Report. . . 331
Continental Dollar (1776) 177
Copying American Coin Types 337
Corea — ^
Modem Copper Coins 101, 136
Coinage Report 331
New Coins o£ 339
Counterfeits. Private Gold 165
Counterfeits Worth More Than Gen-
Cowell, C. W 115
Crowns on Swedish Coins 199
C. S. A. Watermarked Paper 242
Custom House Ruling 52
Cyprus Coinage Report 331
Damanhur Find. Tetradrachms 9
Darwin-Wallace Medal 42. 89
Dates, Early, on Coins 189, 220
Denmark Coinage Report 331
Designers* Marks on Coin Types 275
Dime. Dangerous Counterfeit 338
Director of the Mint (U. S.) 277
Dollar Mark, Origin of 202
Double Eagle —
First in Silver 140
Unique Varieties. 1876 173
Dubois. Abbe Naz 266
Duffleld, Frank G 12. 25
See A. N. A. Secretary Reports.
Dunham, W. F |.^. .||.-,^169
Early Carolina Gold BullIon.'.V>r^A^245
THE NUMISMATIST, 1909
Early Dated Coins 189, 220
Early Gk)ld Coins (Canada) 135
Early Gk>ld Proofs 141
1884 Trade Dollar 301
1804 U. S. Silver Dollar 18, 104, 119
Engraver, First Amercan Ill, 146
Egrypt Coinage Report 331
Fifteen-Cent Coin (U. S.) Agitated... 245
Fifty-Dollar Gold Pieces (U. S. Pat-
First Am. Coin Die Engraver 111. 146
First Double Eagle Struck in Silver. . 140
First Silver Dollar for the U. S 177
Five Cent (U. S.) Washington Head
Foreign Numismatic Notes,
14, 46, 82, 163, 179
Foreign Sales of Note 215
Four-Dollar Gold Piece ("Stella")... 206
Academy of Science, New Medals.. 277
Coin Notes 30, 246, 311, 339
Coinage Report 331
Promises Novel Coins 311
Friends of the Medallion 319
Fuchs, Emil 271
German History and Small Coins,
142, 203, 232, 243, 309
Coin Design Competition 131
Coinage Report 332
New Coins 338
Gobrecht, Christian (Mint Engraver) 2
Gold and Silver Production 358
Gtold and Silver Question, The 297
Gold Coinage, Private — Territorial
(Adams' Book) 313
Gold Dollar, No 1854 C Known 239
Gold, Early U. S. Proofs 141
<3old. New U. S. Coin Types 33
Gnecchi, Francesco ; . . . 72
Granberg. H. 104. 107
Gravel, Ludger 263
Great Britain Coinage Report 332
Greece Mint Report 332
Greek Coins Stolen 166
Green. Ben G 219
Green, Dr. Jesse C 357
Guatemala Coinage Report 333
Haiti, New Coinage Probable 75
Hall, Dr. Thomas 187, 289, 315
Hands Across the Sea 152
Hard Times Tokens 233
Haseltine, Capt John W 104, 173. 301
Hassler, Dr. F. A.. 142, 203, 232, 243, 309
Heaton, A. G 45
Henderson. Dr. J. M 261
Hi^gins, Frank C 5, 9, 14. 40, 46,
65, 82. 107, 145, 155. 175, 179, 215
Highest Priced Coins, World's 193
Holland Coinage Report 333
Honduras Coinage Report 333
Hudson-Fulton Medals 110, 271
Humane Society Medal 138
Idler-Granberg 1804 Dollar 104
Iliad and Odyssey, Money of 1
Improvement National Collection 144
"In God We Trust" 33, 178
India, British, Coinage Report 333
India, Zodiacal Coins 6, 7, 43. 89;
115, 133, 178, 211. 230, 275, 311, 347
Indian, Living, Portrayed on Money . . 44
Inquiries and Information. 29, 60, 94. 121
International Numismatic Congress
(1910) 76, 113. 179, 316
Iron Skewers, Ancient Money. . .^ . . . 175
Coinage Report 333
Mint History, Stricken Cities 61
New Coins Crems of Art 5, 346
Royal Numismatist 72, 350
Victor Emanuel III Honors A. N. A. 65
Card Money 305
Coinage Report 333
New Coin Magazine 340
Jewett, Henry L., Collection Sale,
137, 168, 210
King, George H 33
King of Italy 65, 72, 350
"Kinsatsu" Japanese Money Cards... 305
Lagerberg, A. J. de,
196, 198, 199, 241, 341, 346
Lagerberg, Magnus 98
Latin Monetary Union Coinage Report 334
Leach, Frank A. (Director of the Mint) 277
Leon, Theophlle E 79
Lighthouse, John C 106. 306
Lincoln, Abraham —
Cent 68, 83, 178, 207, 225. 269, 304
Medal by Brenner 40
On Our Money 41, 89
Pattern Coin, 1866 226
Probable Cards 229
Louisiana Gold Charms 147
Low, Lyiiian H 307
Luxemburg Coinage Report 334
McLachlan, R. W 135
Mann, H. 103
Maxims for Begrinners 303
Medal Issues and Awards 198, 346
Messina, Mint History of 51
Treasure Unclaimed 83
Mexico Coinage Report 334
Michigan (West) Nimiismatic Society 202
Mint History, Italy's Stricken Cities. . 5)
Mint Marks "U" and "N" 112
Mint, United States—
New Director 277
Purchasing Coins at 94
Reports and Notes.. 19. 50, 85, 120.
154, 188, 207. 246, 277, 291, 323, 356
Mints of the World 329
Mitchell, Henry, Obituary 310
Mitchelson, J. C 129
Modern Copper Coins of Corea...l01, 136
Mohammedans, Copper Coins of
(Book) ; 350
Money of the Iliad and Odyssey 1
Monkeys as Coin Testers 236
Monograph on U. S. |5 Being Prepared 133
Montelius, Prof. Oscar 152
THE NUMISMATIST, 1909
Montene^o Colnagre Report 334
Montreal Numismatic and Antiqua-
rian Society 58, 91, 123, 154
Mormon Coins, Restrikin? Doubted... 169
Unissued Type 357
Morocco Coinage Notes 97
Necessity Coins of Portugal 145
New Coins (Italy) Grems of Art 5, 346
Newfoundland Coinage Report 334
New York Numismatic Club... 2 6, 91.
114, 122, 155, 186, 218. 251. 291
Group Picture 114
Nexsen, John A., Obituary 272
Nickerson, Sereno D. (Medal) 167
Nigeria Coinage Report 334
Nlklewicz, Herbert 241
1909 Cent Varieties 269
Norway Coinage Report 334
Numismatica Latomorum 167
Octagonal |5 and $10 Considered 129
Official Medals, Celebration 271, 307
Ohio State Numismatic Society. . .319, 351
Oregon Gold Charms 147
Origin of the Dollar Mark 202
Panama Canal Medal 71
Paper Money —
Famous Bank Note 196
Safeguarding Paper Making. 234
Two Faced Bills 79
U. S. to be SImplifled 141
Paraguay Coinage Report 334
Pattern Coins, United States —
150 1877 193
Proposed Book on 206
"Stella" 14 (Sold 206
$20 1876 173
Perkins, Joseph E., Obituary 187
Persia Coinage Report 335
Peru Coinage Report 335
Philippine Islands Coinage Report. . . .335
Pittsburgh Collectors Organize 154
Portraits on U. S. Coins 235
Portugal. Necessity Coin of 145
Coinage Report 335
New Coins of 121
Post Marks, Coin Impressions 357
Pratt, Bela L. (References) 33
Precious Metals Produced 1908 32
Private Gold Counterfeits 165
Private — Territorial Coins, Notes,
44, 45. 68, 103, 129, 166, 166, 169. 340
Proof Coins —
Current U. S. at Mint 94
Early Gold 141
Notes on Ill
Ramsden. H. A 74, 101, 136, 227, 339
Reggio Mint History 51
Reld, Templeton, |10 314
Roosevelt-Panama Medal 71
Roosevelt, Theodore, Lauds Saint-
Royal Numismatist 72
Royal Society Medal Awards 198
Russia Coinage Report 335
Safeguarding Paper Money Making.. 234
Saint Gaudens, Augustus 33. 161, 205
San Salvador Coinage Report 335
Saxton, B. H 161
Scandinavian States Coinage Report.. 335
Shinkle, C. H 205
Slam Coinage Report 335
Spain Coinage Report 336
"Stella" U. S. 14 Gold Piece 206
Storer, Dr. H. R 304
Straits Settlements Coinage Report... 336
Svoronos. M 1
Sweden, Three Crowns on Coins 199
Coinage Report 336, 353
Switzerland Coinage Report 336
Tallmage, (George T 169
Tatman, Charles C 248
|10 Templeton Reid Cornered 314
110,000 Each for Two U. S. Coins 193
$10,000 for Five Ancient Coins 357
Territorial — Private, Coin Notes. 44. 45.
44, 45, 68, 103, 129, 165, 166, 169, 340
Trade Dollar, The 1884 301
Tunis Coinage Report 336
Coinage Report 336
Coins of Abdul Hamid II 139
Two-Cent Coin. Does U. S. Need 239
Two Faced Bills 79
Unissued Mormon Coin 367
United States —
Coins, Portraits on 235
Mint Reports and Notes 19, 50,
85, 120, 154, 207, 246, 291, 323, 356
New (Sold Series 33
"V. D. B." 269, 275, 276. 304.
Victor Emanuel III, Italy 65, 72
Vlclorla Cross, Where Made 75
Washington's Head for New Five-Cent
West Michigan Numismatic Society. . 202
Western Penna. Numismatic Society. . 154
Wheeler, Horace L 13
"Widow's Mite" Lost 32
Wlebe, Carl 167
Williams, R. W., Obituary 56
Wood, Howland (Reference) 12
ArUcles by 7, 51, 75. 89. 97,
115, 121, 130, 139, 178, 197,
205, 303. 337, 347
Woodin, William H 133. 170, 193, 206
World's Highest Priced Coins 193
World's Mints and Products 329
Wright Bros., Medals to 134, 231
Wright. Dr. B. P 81
Wurtzbach, Carl 233
Zabrlskle Collection Sale 99, 171. 205
Zanzibar Coinage Report 336
Zimmerman, Jeremiah, D. D., LL. D..
Zodiacal Coins of India ... 6, 7, 43, 89,
115, 130. 178, 211, 230. 275, 311, 347
Zug Collection Sale 308
Supplement to The Numismatist, June, 1910.)
Digitized by VjOOQIC
VOL. XXII JANUARY 1909 No. 1
THE MONEY OP THE ILIAD AND ODYSSEY.
A Theory by M. Svoronos.
THEORY which gives cause for thought and which
will no doubt be one for record in future references
I to supposed commercial mediums of exchange before
the era of coined money is advanced by the eminent
Greek numismatist, M. N. Svoronos. In a recent issue
of La Revue Beige N umismatique , M. Svoronos has
written very ably in support of his theory that certain
thin circular bracteates, ornamented with more or less
geometrical patterns : leaves, complicated spirals, labarynths and outlines of butter-
flies, cuttle-fish, etc., found in the tombs of Mycene by Professor Schliemann, are
the talents spoken of by Homer, and consequently coined money centuries in
advance of the daric or the incused coins of Aegina.
The illustrations here given are characteristic patterns of the Greek bracteates
which M. Svoronos believes to have been the money of the Iliad and Odyssey.
Actual size : two inches to two and three-fourths inches in diameter.
Homer, who flourished in Greece about i,ooo B. C., is generally accepted as
the most authentic writer we have of his day, and most numismatic writers, deal-
ing with early commercial methods, have referred to him as an authority in
substantiating their statements that coined money was not in use until the eighth
or ninth century before the Christian era. As generally referred to or quoted,
Homer makes no mention of a coined money medium of exchange, and refers to
measures of value in his day having been in commodities other than what we
would call money. "A woman slave was as of the value of four oxen, and an ox
as of the value of a three-foot bar of copper or brass." In describing purchases
for the feasts before Troy they are mentioned as having been made with live stock,
metal by measure, etc.
That the precious metals, particularly gold, were prized from the earliest
times, there is no doubt, and that they were carried about the person and to a
great extent in the form of ornaments, is more than a theory, and which makes
it quite probable that the ornamental bracteates found in the ancient tomb may
have performed functions in commercial exchange, but that they are the "talents"
mentioned by Homer, as claimed, has small basis for theory, unless we accept his
use of the word "talent," in this instance, was only to denote prized value. These
pieces were not of a talent in value, that is, accepting the minimum weight and value
of a talent as it is presented by the accepted authorities.
BEAUTIFUL COIN TYPES BY A CALICO DESIGNER.
Copper Dollars Worth More Than Silver— (xobrecht, Calico
Artist, Became Chief Blint Engraver— Beautiful
U. S. Coin Types Introduced in 1836.
(Written Specially for The Xumismatist.)
By Edgar H. Adams.
ILVER dollars, of one type at least, are worth more than
those struck in copper. That United States copper dollars of
certain design bring higher premiums than the same coins
struck in silver, and that a calico engraver designed one of
the most beautiful series of coins that were ever issued at a
United Slates Mint are curious facts brought to notice
by the high prices that were paid for specimens of these coins
at the sale of the Gschwend coin collection, held in 1908 at
the Collectors' Club in New York City.
In 1836 Christian Gobrecht, of Philadelphia, an engraver of calico printers'
rolls, bank notes, &c., was appointed as assistant to William Kneass. The latter
was the second man to hold the position of engraver at the Government Mint. As
the coinage of silver dollars was again agitated about this time, after a long lapse
of years stretching from 1804, the last year of issue of coins of the denomination,
the mint authorities arranged to issue a number of pattern coins from which a
suitable design for the new dollar could be selected.
The story goes that Mr. Gobrecht, a short time after his appointment, was
directed by the Director of the Mint to prepare dies for silver dollars after his
own original designs. The new engraver, it is said, was quite embarrassed tem-
porarily by these instructions, and told his superior that he never had created a
coin design in his life; that he was simply an engraver, and was prepared to execute
any design that might be presented to him, but that the designing of a coin was
something with which he had not the slightest experience. Nevertheless, he under-
took the work, with the result that a number of pattern dollars of exquisite
design, of a character never before nor since attempted, and numbering several
varieties of combinations of obverse and reverse, soon made their appearance.
They met the instantaneous favor of those who took an interest in the mint issues,
and it is doubtful, indeed, if these coin designs have ever been equaled.
The first of the pattern dollars, dated 1836, bore the original representation of
the seated figure of Liberty, which design afterward became so familiar to the
public, having been used on silver coins of various denominations up to within
comparatively recent years. Just under the figure of Liberty, and over the date.
"1836," appeared the engraver's name, "C. Gobrecht."
In the field on the reverse was a representation of an large eagle in full
flight, scattered all around being twenty-six stars. About the border was inscribed,
"UNITED STATES OF AMERICA— ONE DOLLAR." The edge of this com
was plain. This piece has sold for $100 in silver, and a specimen in copper brought
$40 at the Gschwend sale.
When this handsome coin made its appearance it created favorable comment
so far as the design was concerned, but the engraver was criticised by certain
JANUARY, 1909 3
persons for placing his name upon it in such a conspicuous position. Mr. Gobrecht.
much hurt, removed the name aUogether from the die, after eighteen specimens had
been struck in silver and a few in copper.
The Director of the Mint, however, very well pleased with the engraver's
work, directed that the name be replaced upon the die, which Mr. Gobrecht
obeyed with considerable reluctance, but this time put it at the base of the' figure of
Liberty, where it can be detected only by careful scrutiny.
The silver pattern dollar with the name on the base, and with stars around
the eagle on the reverse, is not so rare as the first named, a fine specimen being
worth something like $15, but a dollar with this identical obverse, and the same
flying eagle on the reverse, with the stars omitted, is the rarest of the Gobrecht
pattern dollars, and a fine specimen not long ago sold for $330.
In designing this flying eagle dollar Mr. Gobrecht had the advantage of an
active, living model close at hand. At this time there was a magnificent specimen
of American eagle, named Peter, who for six years made the Philadelphia Mint
his headquarters. This eagle flew all around the City of Philadelphia, but it is
said never failed to return before the building was closed for the night. He was
generally known as the "Mint Bird," and came to an untimely end through
attempting to perch upon a fly-wheel.
In 1838 two specimens of pattern dollars were turned out at the mint, each
showing the seated figure of Liberty, as designed by Gobrecht, but surrounded at
the border by thirteen stars. The name of "Gobrecht" was omitted altogether.
The reverse showed the flying eagle, but without stars, while the edge was reeded.
4 THE NUMISMATIST
A brilliant proof specimen of this coin brought $205 at the sale of a well-known
collector named Smith, held a couple of years ago. But at the Gschwend sale a
specimen in copper brought $37. The second 1838 flying eagle dollar had the same
obverse as the first, but the eagle was surrounded by stars on the reverse. The
edge of this piece was plain, and was struck in silver and copper, a specimen in
the latter metal bringing $49 at the Gschwend sale.
In i8j9 the last of the flying eagle pattern dollars was issued. One of these
showed a similar design to the rarest dollar of 1836, with the seated figure of
Liberty and no stars around the eagle on the reverse. This piece was supposed
to have been struck only in silver, with reeded edge, a fine specimen bringing $25,
but a specimen in copper turned up at the Gschwend sale, supposed to have been
the only one ever struck in this metal, and brought $49, thereby bringing nearly
twice the premium commanded by the same piece in silver.
This piece was supposed to have been the only design of flying eagle dollar
issued in 1839. But it seems Mr. Gschwend, who collected a good many years
ago, had picked up another dollar not hitherto known. This showed the usual
Gobrecht device on the obverse, but the eagle is shown flying in a plain field on
the reverse. This unique coin, struck in copper, was bought by Mr. Virgil M.
Brand, the well-known Chicago collector, at the Gschwend sale for $49.
Handsome as were the Gobrecht pattern dollars, none of the designs here
described was adopted in its entirety for regular coinage when in 1840 the United
States Mint again resumed the issue of silver dollars. While the obverse design
of the seated figure of Liberty was used, still none of the attractive reverses, show-
ing the flying eagle, with and without stars, met approval for some mysterious
reason, and, with the exception of the little white metal cents issued 1856 to 1858.
none of the United States coins has borne a flying eagle until the St. Gaudens
issue of twenty-dollar gold pieces in 1907.
Mr. Gobrecht was afterward responsible for many coins and medals of hand-
some design, and upon the death of William Kneass in 1840 he was appointed
chief engraver, in which capacity he continued until his death in 1844.
THE NEW COINS OF ITALY ARE OEMS OF ART.
The World's Royal Numismatist Gives His Country a Beautiful
Coinage and The Numismatic World Most
(Written Specially for The Numismatist.)
By Frank C Higgins, F. R. N. S.
N THE midst of our own National Numismatic struggles
in which a succession of "In God we trust-less," rimless,
tasteless and otherwise freakish new coins float by in our
vain search for something really American, artistic and
apropos, comfort comes from the success of the Italian
Government in the same field of endeavor.
Our sister nation has been peculiarly fortunate in
this respect. They have also shown us that the way to
endow a nation with a first-class coinage is to have it
run for a few years by a first-class Numismatist. We have still good timber in
the A. N. A.
The writer numbers among his friends several of the gentlemen who were the
first to hear from their sovereign's own lips his opinion of the coinage which was
hurried into circulation upon his accession. More in sorrow than in anger he
hoped that his Ministers would be credited with it and not himself. A good story
of the first Italian coinage of the present reign is that of the rare gold Hundred
Lire piece which the King took from his own pocket and gave to a famous old
collector whom he esteemed. The coin in question very shortly traveled to
France in the same train which took the Royal Consorts to Paris for their first
official visit. When they saw the collection in the Bibhothcque Nationale a few
days later, the King was compelled to warmly compliment the custodians thereof
on the possession of a complete set of the new Italian issue, something unheard
of at that precise moment. An hour after the King left the institution the precious
coin was speeding back to its owner.
This time King Victor Emmanuel has had his own way. Forgetting his
Kingship in the numismatic atmosphere, let us rcaHze a warm-hearted, vivacious,
scholarly and altogether lovable numismatic enthusiast, the greatest Royal coin
collector since Queen Ulrica Eleanora of Sweden. The new two and one lire
pieces in silver, and the twenty centesimi in nickel, which were so greatly admired
al the late A. N. A. convention, have been accurately reproduced by the facile pen
of Mr. Howland Wood, the accompanying illustrations are from his drawings.
As will be seen, the obverse of the two silver coins present a profile bust of
His Majesty in the epauleted uniform of a General of Division, with the jewel
Digitized by V^OOQ IC
6 THE NUMISMATIST
of the Annunciata order of Savoy on his breast. The disposition of the inscription
— VITTORIO EMANVELE-III-RE D'lTALIA— between two borders, gives a
pecuHar halo effect around the head which is very pleasing. This obverse is by
Galandra. The reverse shows "ITALIA" triumphant in dolphin crested helmet,
buckler, sword and olive branch, borne in a splendid triumphal car recalling the
Syracusan decadrachms, but in this case a draped platform upon which is placed
a palm-decked throne. The garlanded drapery bears the family device, "PERT," and
the true lovers knot of the house of Savoy. The date is placed in the field under
the horse's forefeet, and the value— L-I (AND-L-2) in the exergue between
Savoy knots; the engraver being Signor Giorgi.
The obverse of the nickel coin shows a large but incomplete head of Ceres
filling half the entire field, the rest being occupied by her shoulder and upraised
hand holding an ear of ripened wheat — symbol of plenty — and with the single
word, ITALIA. The conception is intensely antique in feeling, the idea being taken
from some of the beautiful coins of old with imperfectly centered heads. The
reverse is a beautiful conception by Bistolfi of a flying (albeit wingless) genius
holding a flaming torch over the crowned arms of the Kingdom of Italy, with
value — C-20 — and date in the left field.
An evident determination to complete the entire Italian coin series graced
with art is manifest in the appearance within a few days of a copper coin of Ten
Centesimi denomination. The first of the new series in copper bears the Royal
bust and title on obverse as do the new silver; the reverse is occupied with a
queenly figure of Italia standing upon and holding the rudder a high prowed galley,
her right hand extended proffering an oHve branch.
This description does but feeble justice to the great beauty of these coins,
which were much commended at the Convention, and upon which the A. N. A.
has warmly felicitated their Royal sponsor.
(See Article on opposite page.)
THE sign for January is Aquarius, or the Water-bearer,
the eleventh sign of the zodiac, and signifies want after
rain. The deluge was traditionally associated with it.
In zodiacal symbolism it is represented by the god Ram-
man, crowned with a tiara, and pouring from a vase
water which flows into the mouth of the Southern
Fish. The Nile is supposed to overflow during this
month, and the representation of this river god reminds
us of our conception of tliis zodiacal sign. Sometimes
the constellation was represented by just a water jar,
and one of the Indian coins is found with this jar. The sun enters this constella-
tion about the twenty-first of January.
The coins represented in this issue is one of the rudest pieces of the series
though the reverse is very well cut. It represents the seated figure of an old man
pouring water over his shoulder out of a vase, the fish at the end of the stream
is lacking. Another mohur shows a small figure of a man carrying a jar on his
shoulder, while a third variety shows simply a water jar surrounded by sun rays,
the latter piece is from the Ahmadabad mint. All the mohurs with Aquarius are
rare, and I know of no original specimen in silver.
JANUARY, 1909 7
NOTES OF THE ZODIACAL COINS OF INDIA.
Signs of the Zodiac Explained — Interesting History of India's
Coinage— A Monthly Illustration During 1909.
(Written Specially for The Numismatist.)
By Rowland Wood.
N THE new cover appears a drawing taken from one of
the series of zodiacal mohurs and rupees used in India.
The appropriate symbol for each month will appear on the
successive numbers of The Numismatist for 1909. A
few words about the zodiac and the history of the zodiacal
pieces is thought to be of interest, and is herewith given.
Month by month a short description of the particular
sign depicted and the history of the coin shown will be
Our word zodiac comes from the Greek word zodiakos, relating to animals,
which comes from zodion, the diminutive of zoon, animal, as the constellations
were figures of animals. This name was given by the ancients to an imaginary
band extending round the celestial sphere, having as its middle line the ecliptic, or
apparent path of the sun. It was fized at about 16 degrees in width. The stars in
the zodiac were grouped into twelve constellations to each of which 30 degrees or
1/12 of the whole circle was assigned. The names of the different constellations
in the zodiac are as follows: Aries (Ram), Taurus (Bull), Gemini (Twins), Can-
cer (Crab), Leo (Lion), Virgo (Virgin), Libra (Balance), Scorpio (Scorpion),
Sagittarius (Archer), Capricornus (Goat), Aquarius (Water-bearer), and Pisces
(Fishes). As one-half of the ecliptic is to the north and the other half to the
south of the celestial equator, the line of intersection of their planes is a diameter
of each, and the two points of intersection are known as the equinoctial points. It
has been the custom to begin the zodiac at the point which the sun crosses the
equinoctial from south to north or the first point of Aries. With our calendar this
corresponds to a date in the latter part of March. The sign for January is, there-
fore, considered as Aquarius, although this sign does not begin until the latter part
of the month.
The origin of the zodiac is of great antiquity, and it is thought now that the
Babylonians formed these signs about 2100 B. C. The figures seem to have been
based on the resemblance of the lines connecting the stars in the zodiacal constella-
tions to certain pictorial outlines which form the substratum of the Assyro-Baby-
lonian cuneiform alphabets, while animal figures and outlines were chosen for
animistic reasons. Some of these signs, however, appear to be of Occidental origin.
The zodiacal signs were carried from Babylonia to Greece, whence they spread
throughout the civilized world, and back again to India and the Far East.
Although coins have appeared from time to time with single zodiacal figures,
and a piastre of Ferdinand IX of Naples show many of the signs of the Zodiac
on a band encircling the earth, it is doubtful if there is any parallel instance of a
series of coins showing all the zodiacal signs in succession as is shown on the
series of mohurs and rupees issued by the Moghul Emperor Jahangir. As is well
known, Mohammadan rulers have followed pretty strictly the Koranic law forbid-
8 THE NUMISMATIST
ding the delineation of living things. Many of the Moghuls, however, were not
so strict in their observances of these laws, as were other more orthodox dynasties.
Not only did they depart from many of the stricter laws of the Koran, such as
drinking intoxicating liquors, and the taking of unbelievers for wives, but they
delighted to adorn their palaces with pictures and statues. It is not surprising
that their coinages at times had living things represented on them. Jahangir, how-
ever, was the chief ruler to use figures with abandon, many of his gold coins show
him in profile with a wine cup in his hand, and again he is found seated cross-
legged on a throne with the inseparable goblet raised aloft.
Before passing to the pieces themselves a few words about the ruler would be
of interest. The third Moghul ruler was Jalal-ud-din Akbar, or the Great. At his
death in 1605 his son Selim was proclaimed Emperor with the name Nur-ed-din
Muhammad Jahangir. He was thirty-seven years at the time, and as a young man
was noted for his ferocity, but later became more amiable in character, and even
reformed many of his vicious habits as he was a notorious drunkard in his earlier
days. Much of this betterment to his character was, no doubt, due to his illustrious
wife, Nur-Mahal, later known as Nur-Jahan (Light of the World), whom Jahangir
married in 1610, having met her when he was Crown Prince. Jahangir died in
1627 and was buried at Lahore, Nur-Jahan followed him in 1645 and was buried
The coins known as the zodiacal pieces are known to all collectors on account
of their novel appearance and devices. They were evidently made to pass as
ordinary money, and were issued for eight years, from 1027-34 A. H., or from
1617-24 A. D., and for the most part were minted at Agra, though examples are
found jninted at Ahmadabad in 1027 A. H., and one specimen of a rupee from
Tavernier reports a pretty legend concerning these, but unfortunately, for the
sake of the tale, it is untrue, as the coins themselves prove otherwise. The story
is as follows : Nur-Jahan begged her adoring husband, Jahangir, to allow her
twenty-four hours of supreme sovereignty, and, on his consenting, at once issued
these zodiacal coins, having previously had the dies cut and the necessary arrange-
ments made, but as the pieces themselves bear dates ranging over eight years, and
do not, as a rule, bear Nur-Jahan's name, little credence can be put to the tale.
Jahangir's own account is probably the correct one. He says in his Memoirs,
"Formerly it was customary to strike my name on one side of the coin, and that
of the place, and the month, and the year of the reign, on the obverse. It now
occurred to my mind that, instead of the name of the month, the figure of the sign
of the zodiac corresponding to the particular month, should be stamped. For
instance, in the month of Farwardin, the figure of a ram, in Ardibihist that of a
bull, and so on ; that is in every month in which a coin might be struck, the figure
of the constellation in which the sun might be at the time, should be impressed upon
it. This was my own innovation : it has never been done before."
All of the signs are known in the gold Mohurs, but there is no complete set
of all the signs known in silver. There are many forgeries of these pieces, both
mediaeval and modern, and there are also recent fabrications of half rupees, which
denomination was not known among the old pieces. Without doubt there are more
counterfeits than original pieces in existence to-day, as the pieces have always been
popular and there has always been a demand for them for use as talismans. Some
of the designs are rarer than others, and nearly all the signs are represented in
more than one way. The workmanship of the different pieces vary greatly. As a
rule the signs agree with the traditional representations, Virgo and Aquarius offer
several pronounced varieties.
THE DAMANHUR FIND OF ALEXANDER
Over 18,000 Specimens, Many Brought to America. Plate
Illustrations of Three Hundred Specimens, Commendable
Work of a Numismatist Suggests a Duty— A Study
of ''The Great" and His Day from the Coins
of Over 2,000 Years Ago.
(Written Specially for The Numismatist.)
By Frank C Higgins, F. R. N. S.
HAT cominendable work on the part of all numismatists is
to receive recognition by The Numismatist, is, we arc
pleased to say, given opportunity for evidence in this, the
first issue of the ucic Numismatist. We hope that no
month may go by when the interest and enterprise of at
least one of the many, will give us opportunity to herald
an appreciated act, giving space to the educational and
entertaining profit of our readers.
One of the most commendable pieces of American
numismatic work done recently has been Mr. Thomas L. Elder's publication of six
splendid collotype plates of the three hundred specimens of Alexander tetradrachms
which have come into his possession from the Damanhur find of 1908. Study of a
set of plates like this, even though no attempt at classification be made, constitutes
the best kind of numismatic education. Collective reproductions of large finds for
this purpose are rarer than such finds themselves, and we are not sure but that Mr.
Elder's action suggests a future service, if not a duty on the part of those who
come into possession or control of material for tlie purpose. It is the ability to
discriminate among the whole array of known .specimens of given coins which
makes the difference between the Numismatist and the mere collector. The great
Numismatists of the world, such as: Evans, Head, Grucber, the brothers Gnecchi,
etc., have been made so by giving their time to the exploration of museums, the
frequentation of archaeological excavations and long journeys made to inspect
"finds'* before they were broken up. The study of ^Ir. Elder's tetradrachm plates
will do more for the collector than simply post him on varieties of this one particu-
lar coin. It will sharpen his comprehension of how (ill coins should be studied,
and stimulate him to realization that no question which may come into his mind in
comparing one coin with another, and like coins togctlier, is too insignificant to
pursue to an intelligent answer. One of the greatest joys of numismatic science
is that every question, however trivial, is legitimate, and every correct reply to
such fraught with absorbing interest.
10 THE NUMISMATIST
The coins in question were unearthed at Damanhur, a small station on the
railroad between Alexandria and Cairo, about thirty-six miles southeast of the
former city, in the Nile delta region, early in 1908. There were upwards of eighteen
thousand beautifully preserved coins in the find, many being in mint condition.
Mr. Edward T. Newell secured a choice selection from the hoard while he was
in Egypt. The others which have come to America were brought here by a young
Egyptian merchant and variously dispersed. There was a sebsction in Mr. Lyman
H. Low's sale of November 14th, and Mr. Elder's plates account for three hundred
others. The writer has also acquired a few choice examples.
Considering the Elder plates as presenting a very fair sample upon which to
base a criticism of the whole, the Damanhur find seems to have consisted entirely
of tetradrachms comprised in Miiller's first three classes and hence belonging to the
lifetime of the conqueror, or prior to B. C. 323. The range of mint-marks is not
large, being mostly of localities within easy commercial reach of Alexandria, in
Greece and Asia Minor.
As all other Alexander tetradrachms were struck by his successor, this collec-
tion may be classed as a very complete showing of the types of Alexander the
Great himself. Notwithstanding the superficial sameness of the portraiture, close
inspection will reveal almost as many different expressions and types of feature as
there are coins. Naturally, the best portraits would have been the work of good
artists who had been familiar with the face of the Emperor, of whom, however, it
is said that he permitted his effigies to be made by three artists only — Lysippus,
Apelles and Pyrgoteles. It is reasonable, therefore, to suggest that these coin por-
traits were made, the best from authorized portrait busts, and others from copies, and
copies of copies, until the original inspiration became completely absorbed. The as-
sumption of the character of Hercules and the wearing of the lion-skin head-dress
was not, as is so feebly surmised by most commentators, derived from a chance selec-
tion of Hercules 33 the Imjyertal patron, or because of Hercules being a favorite deity
among the Macedonians as evinced by their coins prior to the time of Alexander,
but the Macedonian Royal family — to which Alexander belonged — claimed actual
descent from Hercules through a long pedigree of warriors, real and mythical.
There must have been numerous statutes of Alexander in the Hercules character
commencing at extreme youth and widely distributed.
Study of the Elder plates will reveal characteristic physiognomies at about ten
or twelve years of age, at nineteen or twenty and again at the close of his career.
T,o thpse who have ^r may command' the plates, I commend atta^itlon to numbers
164 and 278^ as repi'esenting the first period, 9, 19 'and 145 as representing th^ middje
period and 58 ind 287 as representing t^e latter period, «f Akkajjderjs^qjireer b^,
portraits which possess artistic qualities strongly bespeaking 'their fidelity.. T^e*'
pieces belonging to Miiller's class I, are recognizable by their small, thick and
dumpy appearance. The locks of hair on the lion-skin are short and pointed and
in two regular lines, in scarce instances three. The stat6e Zeus Aetaphoros *( eagle
bearer) probably copied from that of Phidias at Olympia, is short, squat and
archaic, the right leg being far in advance of the left, and the extended hand
being shown flat palmed as though the eagle were perched on the thumb. In
many specimens the throne has no back, and the feet are seldom supported by a
foot-stool. Numbers 209, 260, 291 and 292 are clearly defined specimens of this
class from which the others may be appreciated.
In class II we have a better sort of workmanship. The coin is larger, the
locks of hair are longer and turned downward, and the figure of Zeus on the
reverse is more easily posed ; the legs of the throne stand in most cases upon bottoms
shaped like large inverted bowls and the presence of a foot-stool is much more
frequent. Numbers 7, 8 and 24 may be studied as examples, of which there are
many others all through the series. The chief change constituting class III lies in
the position of the extended hand which is normal with the side only towards the
observer and the finger^ properly bent. Numbers 5 and 8 are the first of a variety
of this type. Numbers 6, 274, 285 and other plain throne specimens are rather con-
( Continued on Page 12.)
Digitized by VjOOQIC
JANUARY, 1909 11
Plate A: Illustrates Miiller's celebrated classification of the Alexander tetra-
drachms. Class I, number 209; Class II, number 55; Class III, number 17, struck
in his lifetime, and Class IV, number 266, struck after his death by his companion
in arms. The portraits on this last class are, as a rule, of superior workmanship
and highly idealized.
Plate B: A selection of four portraits of Alexander, from the Elder collec-
tion, possessing qualities of life and verisimilitude which are absent from the
majority. Only two or three such occur in a thousand examples. Number 278
would represent the conqueror in childhood; No. 145 as a young prince, probably
in the lifetime of Philip II. Number 19 is a resolute, thoughtful countenance bear-
ing many of the physiognomical traits which also characterize Napoleon, especially
about the lower part of the face; while in the last: number 287, we see the fully
developed signs of the imperious will, the stigma of self indulgence, and the
insatiate ambition which cried aloud for "more worlds to conquer." Compare
these, almost speaking countenances, with the insipidity of the first three oji
12 THE NUMISMATIST
THE DAIIANHUR FIND OF ALEXANDER
(Continued from Page lo.)
temporary imitations than attempts to shirk the ornamentations, by unskilful
engravers. The reverse of Damascus (with the ram and DA) are remarkable for
the position of the god's knees in front of the throne. Numbers 266 and 276 if
nol in, are quite bordering on class IV, as note the wavy disorder of the hair and
truncation of the neck of Alexander. While finally, number 297 of Cilicia, with
the mint mark of a bow, shows on the reverse a treatment of the Zeus statue which
is most likely to constitute a close copy of the original, as do others of this mint.
There are countless additional details which will repay the close attention of the
observer. The Alexander tetradrachm is a study by itself. Miiller, the great
Danish authority of the nineteenth century, has passed hopelessly out of date.
Hundreds of new mint marks on these tetradrachms have been discovered within
recent times over the entire extent of Alexander's empire, even as far as Bactria
and in parts of India. The student is commended to look up the three interesting
articles on the subject of the Alexander tetradrachms in Vol. XIII (1905) of
Spink's Numismatic Circular by the Rev. A. W. Hands.
MR. HOWLAND WOOD, MR. FRANK G. DUFFIELD,
Retiring General Secretarv, new Chair- New General Secretary of the Ameri-
man of the Board of Governors, can Numismatic Association. Enters
American Numismatic Association. upon the duties of his office with the
Expert on Oriental Numismatics. purpose of giving it every needed
Associate Editor and Staff Illustra- attention. That the A. N. A. wiU be
tor of The Numismatist. well served, there is no doubt.
JANUARY, 1909 13
BOSTON CATHOLICS' COMMEMORATIVE MEDAI,.
By Mr. Bela L. Pratt, Designer of the New Gk)ld Coins.
(Written Specially for The Numismatist.)
By Horace L. Wheeler.
COMMEMORATION during the last week of October of
the establishment of the Roman Catholic See of Boston is
numismatically interesting as having produced the unusually
fine medal illustrated in this number of The Numismatist.
There were two editions, one in bronze, which is very ele-
gant, measuring 76 mm., or 2 15-16 inches in diameter, and
another, from which the accompanying illustration is made,
in silvered metal, with loop attached, which was distributed
with a ring and a ribbon of red, white and blue, to the
adherents of the church through the clergy of the diocese, at the cost price of ten
cents. This measures 25 mm., or one inch.
The selection of a sculptor for the medal was entrusted by Archbishop O'Con-
nell to Mr. Pierre de Chaignon La Rose. His choice fell upon Mr. Bela L. Pratt,
as "the most eminent sculptor and medallist in his [the Archbishop's] jurisdiction."
Mr. Pratt is known as the designer of a Longfellow medal, and of the new half
and quarter eagles. The obverse of the medal is wholly Mr. Pratt's. The reverse
is based upon a preliminary sketch of Mr. La Rose's, but, to quote his own words,
"such distinction as it now has comes from the sculptor's studio rather than from
The medal may be described as follows: — Obverse, Bust of the Archbishop
facing left, with inscription Gvlielmvs' Archie piscopvs-Bostoniensis. MCMVIII,
with side-wise Latin crosses before and after the date. Reverse, the arms of the
Archbishop impaling those of the See, with inscription Anno-Centesimo-Dioceseos,
Feliciter, Peracto. "As maritus ecclesial [writes Mr. La Rose], he combines on the
shield the bearings of the See and those of his family. The charges representing
the See of Boston are a [Latin] cross appearing above a 'tri-mount'; those of the
O'Connells — the ancient conail — area stag between three 'trefoils' or shamrock
leaves. Above the shield is a count's coronet. . . . Above this coronet shows the
head of the double-traversed cross peculiar to archbishops and legates. And
above all is the archiepiscopal hat of green with ten tassels at either side." Below,
on a ribbon, is the motto, ''Vigor in Ardvis"
H THE NUMISMATIST
THE British Museum has received Leopold Hamburger's
famous collection of ancient Jewish coins. The bequest of
the deceased Frankfurt Numismatist has made the British
Museum collection of Judean coins the greatest in the
world and a loss to his own country.
Monsieur Zay, the celebrated French numismatist, who
has many warm friends among American collectors with
whom he has corresponded, has given his entire gathering
of French Colonial coins to the Bibliotheque Nationale
which has also received 15,000 ancient coins and 2,000 Italian renaissance medals
from M. Prosper Valton.
Signor Camillo Serafini, Curator of the Papal Numismatic Cabinet, is about
to publish a catalogue of the Vatican collection in five richly illustrated volumes.
German Numismatists have had their hearts gladdened by an unusual number
of important bracteate and dettar finds throughout the Empire, notably at Elmen-
horst, Borne (bracteates) Cransforde and Cosatz in Anhalt (denars.)
Collectors of German "Thalers" have for several decades been obliged to con-
tinue their series with the large Five Mark pieces. The Thaler of Three Marks now
restored by Imperial rescript and an emission of five million pieces coined by the
Berlin Mint. The designs are identical with those of the former coins except as to
size, weight, etc.
New Five Mark pieces of Grand Duke Frederick II minted at Karlsruhe
appeared in Baden towards the end of 1908. They are notable for the spelling
of the title "Grossherzog" instead of with one "S" as previously.
The Royal Numismatic Cabinet of Berlin has just secured a copy of the
exceedingly rare bronze medal of Septimus Severus and Julia Donna (facing)
with the reverse, which is the only representation in existence of the great alter
of Pergamum as it originally stood. The coin is especially valued in Berlin
because of the monument in question now being set up there after having been
transported to Germany in fragments at enormous cost and restored in a museum
building of its own. Only four other specimens of the piece are known, London,
Paris, Vienna and Arolsen.
A pamphlet by Robert Mowat, published by C. Rollin & Fenardent, of Paris,
seems to prove conclusively, from the evidence of coin moulds recently discovered
in Egypt, that the three Julias, Maesa, Soemias and Mammaea, received their titles
of Augusta from the Emperor Septimus Severus before the succession of Elagaba-
lus, instead of from the latter as hitherto held.
JANUARY, 1909 15
If there are among us collectors of medals relating to ballooning, they will
be interested in the fact that such are beginning to appear in Germany apropos
of Count Zeppelin's exploits in airship navigation.
The Berlin Mint has issued 40,000 Five Mark and 50,000 Two Mark pieces
in commerrroration of the 350th Anniversary of the University of Jena. The
obverse shows a half length facing figure of the founder, Elector John Frederick,
the Magnanimous, with naked sword, from the painting by Titian, surrounded by
Joh-Fricd'D-Grossmui-Kurf-Sachscnjtifter-D-Univ-Jena, with 1658-1908 in the
field. The reverse is that of the German silver coins of to-day of same
June of 1910 will witness the inauguration of an International Numismatic
Congress at Brussels, imder the patronage of H. R. H. Prince Albert of Belgium,
and H. R. H. Prince Philip of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, in connection with the
World's Fair of that year. Viscount B. de Jonghe, President of the Belgian Royal
Numismatic Society, is the distinguished Belgian Numismatist selected to head
the active workers in the enterprise. We are advised that a committee of American
Numismatists and Medalists has been selected.
Commendatore Francesco Greecchi, of Milan, the most distinguished of Italian
Numismatists, save the King, has published an interesting pamphlet dealing with
the Numismatic Cabinet of the Brera Musuem, founded in 1808 during the reign of
(Note.) — Most collectors have noticed the difference between the two heads of
Napoleon found on the Italian soldi and centesemi of his short reign. One of
these is conventionally correct and of similar type to those on his French coins.
The other, with "tousled" hair, is an excellent profile of the head of the large
statue of Napoleon as a Roman Emperor by Canova, which adorns the fore-
court of the Brera Museum. — F. C. H.
The London Mint has coined during the past year thirty-three million liards
in aluminum for the African protectorates of Uganda and Nigeria. They are holed
in order to permit the natives to string them like beads, which they will replace as
(Note.) — This was the precise process by which the ancient Chinese acquired
the holes in their cash. The Chinese root word for money and all other words
connected with currency or finance is the name of the cowrie shell, which shows
that the oldest money of China was a species of wampum. — F. C. H.
Signor Furio Lenzi has had reprinted from the Rassegna Numismatica, his
paper on "holed" coins attempting to show that from the earliest times coins
bearing religious types have been pierced and suspended by cords to the neck of
the devout. The frequency with which the Iberian Colonial bronzes of Agustus
bearing a bull on the reverse were found pierced, as likewise the denarii of the
Thoria gens with the leaping bull, was noticed before it was learned from other
remains that the bull was an object of worship on the Peninsula. Moorish coins
with the "Seal of Solomon," and Portuguese coins with the cross were similarly
venerated, as again, the Sede Vacante coins of the Papal States bearing the Holy
dove. Just as the Pagans of ancient Greece and Rome pierced and wore the
numismatic effigies of their tutelary deities, so the peasants of the Middle Ages
wore the coins bearing their patron saint as amulets against various evils. The
touch pieces of the Stuart Kings were the most distinguished examples of this
very ancient custom.
16 THE NUMISMATIST
THE NEW NUMISMATIST.
Having completed its twenty-first year, The Numismatist attains life's
majority and is the better qualified to hold its place among men in the family of
numismatic literature, and is zealous to become a still greater leader of that family
than it has been in recent years.
The life of The Numismatist may be compared to that of man. Born
twenty-one years ago, it was as a publication, an infant, both in size and scope,
but with inherited ambitions which were fostered with the modesty that surrounded
and made the life of its parent so fruitful to numismatics. A little leaflet was the
infant. About eight years later the "age of reason" was evidenced, and the former
infant was indeed a promising boy. Acquiring with years, education and experience,
thriving, but seldom self-supporting, it had the fostering care of its parent to all
Now at the age of twenty-one it seeks its way in life under new conditions
and surroundings, and from the many, more than friends, it has made, has brought
to its own fireside the learned, the talented and the much traveled. Identified with
it as editors and contributors, are those with an unselfish purpose and whose only
reward will be in having assisted in the advancement of numismatics.
Mr. E. H. Adams, New York City Journalist, whose numismatic writings are
well known, and who is an acknowledged authority on the money mediums of
America, is an Associate Editor, and will be a regular contributor.
Mr. Frank C. Higgins, F. R. N. S., linguist, and who has traveled extensively
in pursuit of numismatic knowledge in the making, and with accomplishments for
imparting it, that are unique, will be in charge of the Foreign Department, review-
ing and translating all of interest that may appear in the foreign numismatic press.
Noted for his work in the field of numismatic literature, particularly on money
of the Orient, and his interest in organized numismatics, and four years of invalua-
ble service to the American Numismatic Association as its General Secretary, Mr.
Howland Wood, of Boston, will not only push his capable pen as a regular con-
tributor, but his talent as an artist and originator of ideas will grace our pages.
Most of the illustrations of this. issue are from drawings by Mr. Wood.
The editorial management and business direction will be in charge of the
Publisher, Mr. Farran Zerbe, whose interest in numismatic literature and education
will bring to The Numismatist the fruits of his acquirements and business
Contributions from the best numismatic writers of the world are not only in
reserve, but will be regularly at command. Starting with Mr. Adams, our contribu-
tors arc so well scattered over the alphabet and different divisions of specialization,
that by closing with Mr. Zerbe, our readers may expect to receive the A to Z of
Money in its Ijest form.
The subject of numismatics leads one to feast on thirty centuries of research
and development, and to all parts of the earth. This is the educational and enter-
taining sphere, the publication sph<^re has limitations; quite narrow in America,
where as yet only a few appreciate the great educational director and profitable and
entertaining pastime that is to be found in Money, other than the getting of it.
Scattered and few as the supporters of numismatic literature are. The Numismatist
may not receive the financial nourishment to approach its ideals, but it is going
to make the effort, and in doing so try to cultivate and educate an interested clien-
tele that will make this, the first issue of The New Numismatist, as different in
comparison with the future, as is the first issue of twenty-one years ago compared
with this one.
PUBUSHED MONTHLY BY
236 Chestnut Street. Philadelphia, Pa.
Founded i888 by Dr. George F. Heath.
Application for entry as second class matter, Phila., Pa., post office pending.
An Illustrated Monthly Journal
Devoted to Money — A Science.
Official Bulletin of the
American Numismatic Association.
The Oldest Numismatic Monthly.
The Largest Circulation in its Class.
Independent of Trade Relations.
Filed in the Leading Libraries of the
Most EflFective Advertiser in its Field.
Back Volumes; A Fund of Knowledge.
$1 to $2 the Volume.
Subscription: $1.50 the year in ad-
vance in the Postal Union. Make
remittances in other form than check.
Contributions for publication will be
aporeciated and duly accredited.
Temporary Editorial Office and
Where all communications should be
Farran Zerbe, Managing Editor and
Edgar H. Adams, U. S. Currency Au-
Frank C. Higgins, Linguist, Foreign
Howland Wood, Oriental Money Expert.
The Editorial department of any
publication is accepted as expressing the
views of its editors. There is much
within the sphere of money and the
field that The Numismatist seeks to
cover worthy of editorial references,
but most subjects of the moment will
appear in the form of a special or con-
tributed article, and to specifically refer
to them editorially would be a dupli-
fication and at the loss of space for
other select matter. Every page of
The Numismatist, particularly the
headings or first paragraph of an arti-
cle, may be accepted as an expression
of its editors if the article is such as to
suggest editorial reference. Everything
that appears in The Numismatist in
the future will be selected for its merit,
and not published as an easy space
filler because it has been contributed,
or acquired by the scissor method.
Every article will be scrutinized, and if
the subject be one of defining, facts,
that with which the Editors may not be
familiar, it will be submitted to a rec-
ognized authority and be approved be-
fore it is published. The field of nu-
mismatics is so vast, there are few more
so, that no man or small number of
men can know it all, and those who may
claim to be all wise numismatically,
show how little they know of the sub-
ject, in making such pretentions.
"Resolved, That the New Series of
U. S. Gold Coins are Artistic and Com-
mercially Practical," could be termed
the subject of a debate, the material for
which has been acquired by The Nu-
mismatist for its February issue. The
affirmative is represented by President
Roosevelt, whose interest in our coun-
tries coinage has been the most marked
of any Executive since the days of Wash-
ington and Jefferson; and Mr. William
Sturgis Bigelow, of Boston, who pro-
posed the incused method of stamping.
The negative, by Mr. S. Hudson Chap-
man, of Philadelphia, authoritative nu-
mismatist and capable art critic, and by
Mr. George H. King, of the Denver Na-
tional Bank of Denver, Colorado. This
is one of several interesting subjects
that will appear in our next issue, and
the material on hand and at command
assures each succeeding number to be
rich in information regarding money
Our subscribers and A. N. A. mem-
bers should bear in mind that expense
attends the negotiating of bank checks,
and their remittances should be in some
other form. Preferably, drafts on New
York, P. O. money orders, or cash by
The portraits of the A. N. A. District
Secretaries which was proposed for this
issue, will be presented during the year
in connection with a letter from the re-
spective Secretaries touching on numis-
matic conditions in their district.
Total Eclipse of the 1804 Dollar.
Coin dealers will do well to go
through their junk boxes and rescue
and rub up any stray 1807 dollars which
up to now have escaped observation.
The following extraordinary discovery
has been made by the "Answers to Cor-
respondents" oracle of the Neiv York
Times, under date of December 12th :
"S. W. McE. — Is there any premium
on silver dollars of the dates 1807, 1845
"Coin dealers attach no special value
to the silver dollars of the dates you
give, but occasionally pay a shade more
than face value for them if they hap-
pen to be particularly well-preserved
specimens. Collectors frequentlv pay a
considerable premium on them m order
to complete an American coin series."
Hurrah for the 1807 dollar at "a
shade more than face value." The new
"Emperor" of American rarities puts
the erstwhile "King" into the Nickel
without "Cents" class and even the poor-
est of us can complete his American
coin series on a scale of economy which
ushers in a new era of values.
Look Up Your 1847-8 Gold Dollars.
The 1807 dollar is not the only "dis-
covery" made by the mis-information
department of the New York Times.
We granted the foregoing a typograph-
ical error until a few days later more
"new ones" were brought to light. Note
"H. H. R— Will The Times kindly in-
form me if there is any premium on the
gold octagonal dollar of 1853, stamped
'California'; also the round gold dollar
of 1849 from the United States Mint.
"The octagonal gold dollar of 1853 is
worth approximately twice its face
value. The gold dollar of 1849 is val-
ued at about $1.75; if it has the Mint
mark *C,' *D,' or *S/ it is worth about
three times its face value. Had it been
of the date 1847 or 1848 it would have
been worth anywhere from $65 to $90.
The gold dollars of these years are par-
ticularly rare and are much sought by
The kindergarten class in Numis-
matics knows, but it will be information
for The Times' Query Editor for us to
state, that no U. S. silver dollars have
been coined dated between 1804 and
1836; and that the first U. S. gold dol-
lar for circulation was coined in and
dated 1849, and that no 1849 gold dol-
lars bear "S" mint mark.
About every one New York way
reads the New York Times, particularly
the financial student and the Numis-
matist, because it is not only a good
news paper, but it presents about all
the money and numismatic news worth
while. Now, The Times' numismatic
news does not come from its Inquiry
Department, and it is very evident that
the Inquiry Department does not get its
coin value, etc., information fropi the
wide-awake live numismatic authority
that makes the "scoops" for its news
columns. The Times' family shouKl
have a re-union and get acquainted.
Rare Sovereigns, Canadian Mint.
The following dated Ottawa, Decem-
ber 24th, was generally published in the
"The English sovereigns which have
lately been made at the Canadian branch
of the Royal Mint from the Reddick
mine in the Larder Lake gold field, arc
being sold by the directors of the com-
pany for $25 each. The face value is
$4.86. The run was much smaller than
was originally expected, and there arc
less than 100 of the new coins in exist-
ence. Of this number no more than
50 or 60 are on the market, as several
were purchased by the directors of the
property at the last general meeting."
IT. S. Coinage Executed at the Mints of the United States During
the Calendar Year 1908.
Double eagles $88,558,200.00
Total gold $98,720,132.50
Total silver $2,795,463.25
Five cents $1,134,308.85
One cent 323,279.87
Total minor $1,457,588.72
Total coinage $102,973,184.47
The first minor coinage at a Branch
Mint appears in the i9oi8 report. The
collecting of mint-mark cents and nick-
els is now in order. The San Francisco
Mint began the coining of cents towards
the close of the year, which was herald-
ed East in a news dispatch announcing
the coining of "three-cent pieces." We
have no reason to believe that the coin-
ing of three-cent pieces is contemplated,
and if it is, the first news of it will
come from Washington. We are ad-
vised that both the Denver and San
Francisco mints will coin cents and
nickels during 1909. The West, long
prejudiced against "small change" has,
with the development of the slot ma-
chine, found use for what the East has
never despised. As asked for by the
Director of the Mint for the past few
years, the expense of shipping minor
coin across the continent will be saved.
Uncle Sam should be glad to coin all the
minor coin he can dispose of, as his
profit is about eighty-five cents on the
dollar on the good portion that never
returns for redemption.
Several metropolitan papers published
the Mint report for December as if for
the entire year of 1908. As only 650
nickels were coined in December it
looked as if 1908 was going to give us
a rarity, and it would not be : "V nickels
without cents," but with "1908."
The coinage executed during Decem-
ber included over 3,000,000 pieces for
the Philippines, liberally distributed in
I, 10 and 50 centavo pieces and pesos.
The low price of silver and the uncer-
tainty of its fluctuations have presented
some perplexing problems in the circu-
lating mediums of the Orient, and with
which the Philippine peso plays its part.
With silver flirting with the fifty-cent
per ounce mark, the Mexican dollar,
which is the leading factor in Oriental
trade compilations, has been stationary
at 45 cents during the past three
20 THE NUMISMATIST
HURRAH! FOR THE NEW YORK NUMISBIATIC CLUB.
New York Collectors Organize for Numismatic Advancement,
Social Entertainment and Good Fellowship.
The role of the American Numismatic Association is something like the
doctrine of the Irishman at the Donnybrook fair :— "Phwerever yez see a head, hit
it"; that is to say— wherever the A. N. A. sees an opportunity of fostering numis-
matic research or f ratemalism among collectors it attacks the task with the
characteristic vigor which has made it, in eighteen years of successful existence,
The National Numismatic organization of the United States, with active members
all over the Union and Canada and in many foreign countries, and the parent
of numerous thriving local numismatic societies.
It has long been very near to the heart of the A. N. A. to see its New York
membership draw closer together and profit by the extraordinarily favorable situa-
tion of the Empire City with its wealth of Museums and splendid public and private
collections; its libraries affording ready research, and its frequent coin sales, to
know each other better and value each other's company more.
The task until it was, a short time ago, taken boldly in hand, seemed well-nigh
irrealizable, reluctance being felt in establishing a local numismatic body which
should appear to contemplate a rivalry with existing institutions, especially as many
advanced New York collectors are enthusiastic members of both numismatic
organizations — National and Local. A happy solution has, however, been discovered
in the inauguration of a New York Numismatic "Club"; pledged to no other
function than that of bringing New York collectors together once a month regu-
larly, and oftener particularly, in some convenient locality where a good dinner
could be enjoyed together at moderate expense, and the conversation confined to
the exchange of numismatic inspirations and the exhibition of specimens brought
for the purpose.
The first of these gatherings took place on the evening of December nth at
Keen's Old English Chop House (formerly the Lamb's Club), at Thirty-sixth
street and Sixth avenue, New York City.
Invitations were issued in the name of the A. N. A. to comparatively few. as a
full list of local collectors was not immediately obtainable, but an enthusiastic
company gathered around the board, including E. H. Adams, Victor D. Brenner,
Dr. Martin Burke, Thomas L. Elder, Albert R. Prey, Frank C. Higgins, Rudolph
Kohler, Lyman H. Low, Herbert Niklewicz, E. Smith, C. H. Imhoff, David
Proskey, Thomas A. Batterbury and Wayte Raymond. President Farran Zerbe
and General Secretary Howland Wood, of the A. N. A., were present to aid in
the deliberation of the new movement. For reasons given at the head of this
article, it was unanimously agreed to "side step" all semblance of such a formation
as would constitute partisanship with cither National or Local Numismatic bodies,
or appearance of rivalry to either, but to organize a purely social assemblage
pledged to meet once a month where all could have a pleasant evening together
and be joined by members of either organization, and out-of-town numismatists
temporarily in New York.
It was deemed best to constitute a definitely organized bodv in order to have
an official nucleus which could provide for the continued convenience and entertain-
ment of the rest, augmenting the membership and preparing attractive numismatic
programs for the diversion of all.
The officers elected for the ensuing year were: President, Frank C. Higgins,
S West 104th St., N. Y. ; Secretary, Herbert Niklewicz, 89 North Oxford street,
Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Treasurer, E. H. Adams, 240 West Forty-second street, N. Y. ;
Committee, Dr. Martin Burke, 147 Lexington avenue, N. Y., and Albert R. Frey,
1083 Lincoln Place, Brooklyn, N. Y.
The choice of Keen's Chop House as a monthly meeting place was approved,
not only because of its convenient location (close to Herald Square), and the
quaint, old world character of the resort (copied from "Ye olde Cheshire Cheese"
of London), peculiarly agreeable to the eye of an antiquarian, but because its
hearty, well-served fare (a 'la carte), modest charges and the accommodations
supplied make it the favored rendezvous of a host of College Alumni and learned
fraternities which meet there at stated dates just as the N. Y. N. C. proposes to do.
^<# CATALOCHJISSXPRICE NAKEBSl
Mr. S. Hudson Chapman, as special
representative of the Philadelphia
branch of the Red Cross Society, left
on the steamer Barbarossa Monday Jan-
uary 4th, for Sicily, where he will ren-
der such aid, as opportunities will offer,
to the sufferers in the earthquake zone
of Southern Italy. Mr. Chapman is no
stranger in Sicily, the country is well
known to him and is one of the most in-
teresting of his subjects presented on
the lecture platform. Specially equipped
for the purpose, he expects, after an ab-
sence of about six weeks to return with
many photographs and interesting data
obtained under his personal investiga-
tions. Capable attendants in charge of
Mr. Chapman's office will attend to the
desires of his patrons while he is
Lyman H. Low's forthcoming ar-
rangement of Montreal Bouquet Sou
Tokens, will exploit a novel pictorial
grouping by which the various mulings
of varieties are made graphically appar-
ent with a sort of genealogical tree. The
device is very clever and will be useful
in making easy olher lines of study be-
side that of Bouquet Sous. The cata-
logue for Mr. Low's 137th sale, Jan-
uary 19, includes four type plates show-
ing his comprehensive treatment and
easy attribution, and comparison with
Breton's numbers. In this sale is offer-
ed a Sou Token of an unpublished com-
bination, which evidently has escaped
the attention of the several other gen-
tlemen specializing in this series.
Among the notable specimens offered
in Elder's 23rd sale. January i6th, are:
Several rare Colonials, A. C. Bechtler
$5, which has a record of $785; $2^/2
and $5 Mormon ; many of the scarce
dates in the silver series and an unusual
lot of patterns, including the 1836 gold
Various consignments containing
many desirable specimens were sold Fri-
day evening, January 15th, by Mr. Ben
G. Green, of Chicago, in the rooms of
the Chicago Numismatic Society.
The first cablegram for the reserva-
tion of numismatic advertising space in
an American publication was received
by The Numismatist some weeks ago
from Messrs. Spink and Son's of Lon-
don. Their announcement appears in
How good coins find their way down
into what was the "wild and woolly
Southwest" and how "The Texas Deal-
er" pleases both buyer and seller may
be a question to some, but that does not
remove the fact.
The new A. N. A. Librarian acknowl-
edges the receipt of a priced catalogue
from Mr. Henry Chapman of his sale
of December 14th, and reports in refer-
ence. A sale full of many things to in-
terest the many, and while there were
no notable lots to attract the attendance
of distant collectors, satisfying prices
prevailed. Mr. Chapman's specific de-
scripion of condition is noted in this
catalogue. Among the lots were:
136 1863 $5 Gold V. good $27.00
263 1873 Silver & Minor, proof.. 7.85
293 1904 Silver & Minor, proof... 7.25
335 1858 Silver Dollar, abraded... 25.00
383 1815 ^2-Dollar, Uncirc 18.50
470 1795 Cent, Ex. fine 12.00
477 1799 Cent, Good 21.50
490 1804 Cent, Fine 15.50
513 1813 Cent, Ex. fine 5.75
The Librarian also acknowledges the
receipt of a priced catalogue from \Ir.
Lyman H. Low of his sale of December
i6th. From lot 55 of this sale. The Ni'-
MisMATisT expects to receive the A. B.
C. of Chinese coinage. It was a cyclo-
poedia of the coins of that country and
was purchased by Mr. Frank C. Higgins
who, as the apparent fortunate posses-
sor of "perpetual youth" has undertaken
the no easy proposition of mastering the
Chinese language, and will use this cv-
clopoedia as one of his text books.
There was an unusually interesting lot
of numismatic literature in this sale, and
the atlending bidders evidently received
some prizes. Sixteen lots, as many
specimens, of English Crowns from Ed-
ward VI to Edward VII sold for $160.
22 THE NUMISMATIST
AMERICAN NUMISMATIC ASSOCIATION
Largest and most active Numismatic
Organization in the World.
For particulars address the
.•8 1 1 Mosher St., Baltimore, Md.
Board of Officers. Board of Governors.
FV f v"^^^""' n" ^t^'m ' w^T^' ^^' Howlaiid Wood, Chairman,
rirst V.-Pres. — Dr. J. M. Henderson, ^t cx r» i i- \k
Columbus, O. 93 Perry St., Brooklme Mass.
Second V.-Pres.— P. O. Tremblay, H. O. Granberg, Oshkosh, Wis.
Montreal, Can. ^ , , ^
General Secretary— Frank G. Duffield, W. A. Ashbrook, M. C, Johnstown, O.
i8ii Mosher St., Baltimore, Md. t tj rion« Fon
^urer-D. A. Williams, •'• J^^/v^r^n?.';
2907 Parkwood Ave., Baltimore, Md. ^^^^ V ermont
Librarian — Prof. J. L. Zerbe, Tyrone, Pa. Henry Chapman, Philadelphia Pa.
'■^^"^TFa^k^ooSTIa.tin.ore.Md. ' -4 VeWt Ave..Washi„gto„. D.C.
J. B. Chase, Jr., 13 Congress St., Boston, Mass., for New England States.
Frank C. Higgins, 5 W. 104th St., New York City, for New York and
Joseph H. Geis, 1222 Hilton St., Phila., Pa., for Del., Md., Va., W. Va.
and D. C.
A. B. Coover, Chillicothe, O., for Mich., Ohio, Ind. and Ky.
T. E. Leon, 350 W. 69th St., Chicago, 111., for Wis., 111., Minn., la., Mo.,
N. D., S. D., Neb. and Kan.
Dr. F. A. Hassler, Santa Ana, Cal., for Western States.
B. Max Mehl, Fort Worth, Texas, for Southern States.
Dr. Eugene G. Courteau, St. Jacques, P. Q., for Eastern Canada.
D. A. Woods, Gait, Ontario, for Ontario and Western Canada.
S. H. Hamer, Halifax, Yorks, England, Foreign Secretary.
Publication — A. J. de Lagerberg, Passaic, N. J., Chrm.; Dr. B. P. Wright,
Finance — W. H. Woodin, New York City, Chrm.; James Ten Eyck, Henry
Library and Cabinet — Ben G. Green, Chicago, 111., Chrm.; B. H. Saxton,
H. R. Newcomb.
Constitution Revision — Howland Wood, Brookline, Mass., Chairman.
Coinage Improvements — Thos. L. Elder, New York City, Chairman.
A. N. A. Emblems — Howland Wood, Brookline, Mass., Chairman.
Incorporation — Frank C. Higgins, New York City, Chairman.
Portrait and Biography — A. B. Coover, Chillicothe, O., Chairman.
Convention Exhibits — Dr. J. M. Henderson, Columbus, O., Chairman.
1909 Convention — Montreal, midsummer.
Official Bulletin— "The Numismatist."
JANUARY, 1909 23
REPORT OF THE GENERAL SECRETARY.
Applications for Membership.
If no objections are received by the General Secretary prior to March i,
1909, the following applicants will be declared elected to membership in the
Applicants. Proposed by
Frank T. KeiflFer, E. Hallenbeck,
1200 N. State St., Syracuse, N. Y A. R. Frey.
Thomas A. Batterbury, Frank C. Higgins,
252 8th Ave., New York, N. Y A. R. Frey.
A. Flag Robson, Farran Zerbe,
Penn Yan, N. Y Rowland Wood.
D. E. Bateman, Farran Zerbe,
Newton, 111 C. Freeman.
Rev. Albert Aubert, R. W. McLachlan,
Laval University, Quebec, P. Q., Can P. B. Murphy.
J. P. Pittman, Burdette G. Johnson,
Washington, Iowa Farran Zerbe.
J. H. Mitchener, J. M. Henderson
Washington C. H., Ohio R. T. King.
Bert Ditzenberger, Farran Zerbe,
R. R. 29, Zionsville, Ind Howland Wood.
James S. Leslie, Farran Zerbe,
Carbon Hill, Ala Howland Wood.
B. C. Dake, J. B. Chase, Jr.,
Greenfield Center, N. Y Howland Wood.
Richard Warren, Sr., Henry C. Post,
57 Broadway, Grand Rapids, Mich •. Howland Wood.
W. B. Tennant, R. W. McLachlan,
td King St., St. John, N. B H. L. Doane.
W. D. Jameson, F. G. Duffield,
1714 Linden Ave., Baltimore, Md Howland Wood.
Frank A. Baldwin, Henry C. Post,
162 S. College Ave., Grand Rapids, Mich Howland Wood.
Additions and Changes cf Address.
Charles C. Konrad, Howland Speakman,
New German Amer. Bank, Cor. Congress and Honore Sts.,
Oshkosh, Wis. .• , Chicago, 111.
Erwin G. Ward, C. H. Windmiller,
617 Armory St., 901 Main St.,
Springfield, Mass. Worcester. Mass.
F. G. DUFFIELD,
Baltimore, Md., Jan. 5, 1909. General Secretary.
An Echo From the Sanctum.
We believe that our old friends will appreciate the improvements that may be
noted in this issue. It is not our purpose to refer to them more than to say that
the special departments and new features that have been introduced are to be per-
manent. We are aiming at quality in preference to quantity; when we elevate the
quality to the desired standard, a greater quantity will then be a consideration.
Without increasing the size of the publication, its reading matter space has been
more than doubled by the increase in size of the page printed space and the estab-
lishment of advertising rates of a fraction of the value of the service rendered,
has not only increased the advertising revenue, but greatly economises on space to
the profit of our readers.
The Numismatist needs all the financial support it can command to approach
its ideals; if you are an old subscriber, perhaps your subscription is due, prompt
attention will be appreciated. If this issue is your first introduction, and you are
pleased with it, may we not have your subscription promptly, it is $1.50 for the
year, we promise you at least four hundred pages of authoritative numismatic
knowledge and news. If you have any doubts about the quantity or quality, let us
have your subscription, and later, if you are not agreeably surprised, just say so,
and your money will be cheerfully returned. ^
Digitized by \^00QIC
24 THE NUMISMATTST
A MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT.
Members of the American Numismatic Association.
Greeting: — In entering upon my second administration as your President, I
hope to have a continuance of that loyal support which has made the past year
a very pleasant one in my efforts to serve you. The successes of our Association
during 1908 have been many and indicate the ways for even greater achievements.
There is little to add, regarding, what 1908 has been to numismatics through the
medium of the A. N. A., to the reports that have been published in the last two
issues of The Numismatist.
Much, important in results, may be expected through the continued zealous
interest of the District Secretaries. They are particularly advised to frequently
communicate with the General Secretary and The Numismatist, sending the
names of eligible candidates to which literature may be sent.
The improvements that may be expected in our Official Bulletin, The Numis-
matist, promises to make it a great lever for the educational and entertaining
advancement of numismatics in America. The distribution of sample copies will
be liberal, if our members will keep the publishers supplied with addresses.
The material for a far greater membership exists, and it is only by the indi-
vidual effort of each and every member that we may hope to bring the benefits
of the A. N. A. to the unidentified collector and student. As a reward for what
your officers have done during the past year and what they expect to accomplish
this year, there would be no more appreciated one than to know that every member
assumes it as a pleasant duty to propose at least one new member during the next
few months. Won't you do it? We have an honor roll for those who propose
members and we want to make it a long one.
One of the most effective ways of increasing interest and a greater appreciation
for our subject is in having The Numismatist on file in the Public Libraries. If
your home town library does not receive our publication, no doubt they would if
they were solicited to subscribe; and I am quite sure the presentation of a sub-
scription for one year would be appreciated by any library, and a contribution to
the good work of the A. N. A. and lead to the library becoming a permanent
The following Standing Committees are appointed for 1909:
Publication — ^A. Julius de Lagerberg, Passaic, N. J., Chairman ; Dr. B. P.
Wright, Herbert Niklewicz.
Finance — W. H. Woodin, New York City, Chairman ; James Ten Eyck, Henr>'
Library and Cabinet — Ben G. Green, Chicago, III., Chairman ; B. H. Saxton,
H. R. Newcomb.
It is hoped that the new committees will find interest in aiding their respective
departments, all essential for our success.
The Special Committees, continued or appointed at the last convention, should
confer at once and prosecute the object of their appointment so that good results
may be forthcoming for report at the next convention.
In cementing the interest of member to member, much of which is now
limited to correspondence, it has been proposed that an album of portraits and
brief biographies of all members be prepared, to be preserved in the archives of the
Association, and to be at each convention. Mr. A. B. Coover, of Chillicothe, Ohio,
is appointed chief, for this work with the power to select aids if desired, and our
members are asked to co-operate with Mr. Coover's efforts for a complete portrait
The need of suitable provision for the display and safety of specimens exhibited
at conventions has been manifested. It is believed that at no great expense porta-
ble and light, yet secure, trays or cases can be produced. A method being
considered, is to have the frames or wooden parts of a uniform standard glass
size, say 20 x 24 inches, the glass removable, and to be provided by renting its use
at each place of convention. The cases or trays to be the permanent property
of the Association, and to be shipped to each convention point. Dr. J. M. Hender-
son, of Columbus, Ohio, who has volunteered an interest in this proposal is
appointed chief for the purpose and to select his own aids. Suggestions for that
which will be economical and portable, and practical for the purpose will be appre-
ciated by Dr. Henderson.
Don't forget you are to propose at least one new member and now would be
the best time to do it.
All good wishes to you for the New Year.
Farran Zerbe, President.
Tyrone, Pa., Jan, i. 1909. /^/iiii/^
^ Digitized by \^0(J^lt:
JANUARY, 1909 25
A LETTER FROM THE NEW GENERAL SECRETARY.
The new General Secretary takes this opportunity to express his thanks to the
members of the Association for the honor conferred upon him by the Philadelphia
Convention. He realizes that the duties of the office will require much of his time,
but this will be cheerfully given. He also believes the work will be such that he
will find pleasure in it, or he would not have accepted the office. He also believes
that the office has been conducted by Mr. Wood during the past four years in such
a manner that a continuance along much the same lines is desired by the members.
The new membership cards will be sent to all whose dues are paid to December
31, 1909. Owing to the new arrangement, all the dues of the Association will
hereafter pass through the hands of the General Secretary, and this, with the
issuing of the membership cards, will make additional work for his office. Members
can greatly lessen this by promptly paying their dues without waiting to be notified
by the General Secretary.
It has been thought best by the President and General Secretary to change
the name of "Local Secretaries" to "District Secretaries." The term "Local
Secretary" has often been misinterpreted as meaning secretary for the immediate
vicinity where the Local Secretary is located, and a more comprehensive term is
preferred. The District Secretaries are requested to correspond frequently with
the General Secretary regarding the work in their districts. Since their office was
created, they have proved of great benefit to the Association in adding new
members and in assisting the General Secretary with his work. The continuance
of this good service is particularly desired and will be greatly appreciated.
The contemplated improvement in the Official Bulletin of the Association,
The Numismatist, will, no doubt, mean much for the good of the Association.
The increase in the yearly dues will not only provide additional revenue for the
growing expenses of the Association, but the increased payments to the publisher
for furnishing the magazine will enable him to issue a publication of far better
quality than we have heretofore received.
Most of the clerical and routine work of the Association is conducted through
the offices of the General Secretary and the Treasurer. The location of these
offices in the same city will greatly facilitate this work, as it allows these officers
to frequently confer regarding their duties.
The Association hopes to be able to organize local societies in some of the
larger cities, and probably State societies in other localities. Interest in our work
is stimulated by such organizations, where our members can frequently get
together, discuss numismatic questions, exhibit specimens, etc. All cities having
half a dozen or more members should have its local society.
The coming year should be one of increased activitv and interest in Association
circles. To bring this about the co-operation of all will be necessary. The burden
of Association work should not be placed entirely upon those whom the members
have entrusted with the administration of its affairs. They will do their share;
but every member should feel that a portion of the work belongs to him. Interest
may be shown by sending in applications for membership, by contributing papers
on numismatic or Association subjects to our Official Bulletin, or by attending the
The increased attendance at the Columbus and Philadelphia conventions is
evidence that our members are realizing more than ever the advantages of personal
acquaintance with other collectors, and also the benefits from affiliation with an
international association. During the coming year it will be the purpose to increase
these advantages and to further stimulate interest in Association affairs bv those
who confine their activities to the payment of dues and reading the Official Bulletin.
The majority of this class of members are not lacking in enthusiasm for the
science of numismatics. We include many who will travel a long distance to
attend a sale of choice coins, but who, apparently, overlook the date and place of
our annual conventions* Make your arrangements to be present at the Montreal
Convention. The date will be announced as early as possible. It will do you good.
At the convention, the General Secretary hopes to be able to report a greatly
increased membership. And it can be done with your help.
Frank G. Duffield,
NEW YORE NUMISMATIC
FRANK C. HIGGINS.
.'Vddress all communications lo the
Secretary, 89 North Oxford Street,
Brooklyji, N. Y.
Meets Second Friday of each month,
7 P. M., at Keen's Chop House, 36th
Street and 6th Avenue.
The second meeting of the N. Y. N.
C. held Friday evening, January 8, was
well attended and replete with instruc-
tive discussions and interesting exhibits.
Mr. William Jerrems, Jr., of Chicago,
first president of the A. N. A., was
elected an honorary member, following
the reading of an interesting letter from
him. Among other communications was
one from Mr. A. J. de Lagerberg, of
Passaic, N. J., expressing his interest in
the new organization.
Discussions : The unsatisfactory con-
dition and display of ancient coins in
museums, by Doctor Burke. Mr. Hig-
gins dwelt upon the mechanical improve-
ment in coinage with the introduction
of steam power, with references to the
coining operations in England by
Mathew Bolton at Birmingham and Bol-
ton and Watts at Soho, the latter plant
after a long existance falling into the
hands of unscrupulous persons who
"muled" many dies. Washington and
Lafayette buttons not being for military
purposes were expressed theories by Mr.
Low and Mr. Adams. "Bungtown" cop-
pers was another subject by Mr. Hig-
gins, who said many were made at
Belleville, N. J., and that the Bungtown
of the period, was what is now a part
of North Philadelphia. "Ships, Colo-
nies and Commerce" pieces was a sub-
ject by Mr. Low. The absence of an
expressed monetary value on the early
Roman coins, many European emissions,
and American "Colonials" was presented
with many references by Mr. Frey.
There were many interesting speci-
mens exhibited, many of which contrib-
uted to illustrating the discussions.
156 Street, West Broadway, New
ARCHER M. HUNTINGDON.
HENRY R. DROWNE.
Meets Third Monday of each month,
November to May, inclusive.
The regular meeting held Monday
evening, December 21, was graced with
a good attendance. Following the trans-
action of business matters, a carefully
prepared and highly interesting and in-
structive paper was read by Mr. A.
Julius de Lagerberg, a member of the
Society who resides in Passaic, N. J.
Mr. de Lagerberg took for his subject,
"A Theory as to the Origin of the
Three Crowns." This paper will be
published in the "Amcricon Journal of
Pertinent discussions and the viewing
of late acquisitions to the Society's col-
lection, which now approaches 45,000 va-
rieties followed the formal meeting.
At the fifty-first annual meeting of the
Society, Monday evening, January 18,
President Huntingdon will deliver his
annual address and tlie annual reports of
officers and committees will be received.
Thomas L. Elder has been appointed
a Corresponding Member of the British
Numismatic Society, and will report to
that organization the numismatic hap-
penings in America.
ic. a word. Minimum Account, 25c.
Remit with order.
Gold coins, all old U. S. and pioneer.
I have rare pioneer gold for sale. F.
B. Merrill, 100 State St., Chicago,
Old pistols of the United States and
foreign countries. O. J. Bierly,
6710 Frankstown Ave., Pittsburgh,
To correspond with anyone having
"Bryan money" for sale. J. B.
Chase, Jr., 13 Congress St., Boston,
Greek copper coins or any book relat-
ing to Greek coinage, wanted for
cash. Wm. Jerrems, Jr., 214 Clark
St., Chicago, 111. 1-4
Mail auction catalogues of rare U. S.
coins from reliable coin dealers. J.
P. Pittman, Numismatist, Washington,
Rare coins over one hundred years
old, post free for six cents. Louis
Bohn, Jr., Coe Block, Grafton Sta-
tion, Pittsburgh, Pa. lotf
Duplicate U. S. cents from my collec-
tion for sale cheap. W. N. Yates,
Mt. Airy, Philadelphia, Pa. 10
Many Hard Times Tokens in desirable
condition for sale. Carl Wurtzbach,
Lee, Mass. 1-4
If you are interested in coijis (irop a
card and pet a catalogue, soon ready.
Thousands of coins, many rare
specimens. William A. Ashbrook,
Johnstown, Ohio. i
Foreign Copper Coins for Sale
A splendid opportunity for beginners
to obtain at small cost a magnificent foun-
dation on which to build up a collection.
Write for list
M. P. CAREY,
1742 Garfield Blvd. CHICAGO, ILL.
Choice Knfi^liHh TokenH 5c. up.
Ancient Roman 3c. to %*i.
Trade Check, aHsorted, 60c. per 100.
Nickle CentH, Mexico, 50 for $1.25.
Brilliant Proof Hintorlcal Medal, (85
Figures) 20c. Bob Evans Fleet Medal.
Coins up to 915, and Stamps in Wholesale
L4>ts at less than Dealers* Prices.
SO. CAL. STAMP CO.
SANTA ANA, CALIFORNIA
Likely to Cause a "Noon Rush."
It happened right at the start of the
Low sale of December i6th. Auctioneer
Kennedy had hardly advanced further
than the fifth or sixth lot when a tall,
lanky granger irrupted into the Low
sanctum where the eager coin-bugs were
congregated, and called to the host,
"Say, Mister, I've got a gold coin here 1
think is a rare one, what'll you give for
"My friend," replied the suave veteran
of the Civil War and many hotly con-
tested coin sales, "this is a Kruger half
pond of 1892 with a piece chipped off
the side and defective whiskers, so I
can only offer you two dollars and twen-
ty cents for it/' Somewhere in the rear
a stentorian voice called out: "Young
man, you'd better come back here in two
hours or so, you missed a lot by not
coming at twelve o'clock, he buys coins
by time." Then the crowd noticed that
the clock stood at precisely two-twenty.
The youth escaped in the midst of the
laugh that followed. "Dave" Proskey
spoiled a clever comedian in the making
of a coin expert. — H.
A. P. S. Fine Year Book.
The 1908 Year Book of the American
Philatelic Society, 8 vo. 236 pages, is,
we believe, the most complete and fin-
ished publication ever issued in America
relating to a collecting pursuit. The
publication was under the direction of
the A. P. S.'s Secretary, Mr. Harry S.
Adair, of Columbus, Ohio, and who is a
member of tlic A. N. A. In addition to
the roster, and complete report of the
Society, the 1908 convention is reported
in full, including the address delivered
by the President of the A. N. A., with
page portrait. The opportunity to ad-
dress the convention and the space given
to it in the Year Book are appreciated
publicity factors for the subject of nu-
Skinner sent his son to college,
But now he cries, "Alack !
I spent five thousand dollars,
And got a quarter-back."
Money talks, but it never gives itself
THE BRASHER DOUBLOON
The World's Highest Priced Coin
1348 PINE ST. PHILADELPHIA, U. S. A.
BELL TELEPHONE. WALNUT 2019
AMERICA'S LEADING NUMISMATIC DEALER
1 have a very fine stock of Coins and Medals of every period in
Gold, Silver and Copper, and will send liberal parcels on approval and
selection to responsible collectors who furnish satisfactory references, on
their making known their wants with the information as to the state of
^ preservation desired.
K Exceptionally fine and rare examples for the most exacting connoisseur
^ Collections of coins catalogued in an expert manner for sale by
auction either in Philadelphia or New York. Have held the greatest
h sale in this Country — The Stickley Collection sold for $37,859.21 —
f obtaining the
WORLD'S RECORD FOR PRICE OF A SINGLE .
Collections or single specimens bought for cash and liberal prices
Paper Money of every description bought and sold. Numismatic
IMPORTANT: My next Auction Sale early in February, the
Collection of Coins of Henry Metzger, Esq. of Williamsport, Pa.
INCLUDING A GREAT COLLECTION OF
U. S. Coin
Digitized by ^^OOQ IC
INQUIRIES AND INFORMATION
Questions that suggest answers that
will be general information are so-
A. W. — I would like to kno\v regard-
ing the U. S. $4 gold piece called a
"stella" and what led to its issue and in-
tended purpose? Also the so-called
All of these coins were experimental
issues of the United States Mint and
represent the plan of Dr. W. W. Hub-
bell, of Pennsylvania, who wanted the
Government to adopt as a metal for
coinage a combination of gold, silver
and copper in such proportions that each
coin would contain its intrinsic value in
gold and silver. His idea was to dis-
courage the use of United States coins
for purposes of manufacture by making
the cost of parting the metals unprofita-
ble. At the same time these coins were
made after the metrical system of
weights and measures. The gold coin,
or Stella, was designed by Dr. Hubbell
to meet the requirements of a suggested
coin that would be intercliangeable with
Austria at a value approximate to that
of the eight florin piece, which had an
intrinsic value of about $S.SS. — E. H. A.
J. H.— What is the total wealth of the
United States, and how does it compare
with the weahh of England and other
The estimated total wealth of the
United States is nearly twice that of
England. According to the latest esti-
mates obtainable the rating is as fol-
United States, $116,000,000,000; Great
Britain and Ireland, $62,200,000,000;
France, $42,800,000,000; Germany, $42,-
000,000,000 ; Russia, $35,000,000,000 ;
Austria- Hungary, $20,000,000,000.
R. A. — What is known regarding the
1873 Standard Dollar' with S. mint
mark? What Is meant by "Standard?"
The official records that Standard dol-
lars were coined at the San Francisco
Mint in 1873 is the only evidence we
have in the belief that such coins were
made. An industrious inquiry by Mr.
Augustus G. Heaton, the mint mark au-
thority, has failed to bring to light a
specimen of this description. The word
"Standard" used in connection with the
silver dollar is to distinguish it from
the Trade Dollar, and to designate it a
Toledo Stamps Company
408 Si. Clair Butldtn^,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN
STAMPS AND COINS
Removal Sale Bar gains
Preparat6ry to removal my stock of coins and
stamps are offered at prices regardless of cost.
BaKaiii OflVriiiffH : Value Price
95 Var. Fine Copper Coins . . $1.00 $ .40
50 ** Copper and Nickel Coins
100 •• Copper, Nickel and Silver
Coins . . . $3.00 to $5.00 ^a.xo
xo " Medals, good . $1.00 to $3.00 $1.00
35 ** U. S. Copper Cents . . $1.50 $ .85
Entire Stock of Coins, Medals, Paper Money,
Stamps and Rare Books at Removal Prices,
sent on approval to interested parties. Orders
under $1 postage extra. Address :
LOUIS BOHN, Jr.,
702 Duir Street, PITTSBURG, PA.
after March ist, to
Coo Block, Crafton Station PittHbur^:, Pa.
Better than a promising young man, a
I Lyman H Low^ <
I 14 £• 23rd St New York City h
Monthly Public Atsction Sales S
^ Collections and Consignments Solicited S
3 Your name on my Distribution List— to S
^ receive Catalogues -Without Charge or |C
6 Obligation. S
Fine Greek and Roman Colnn
<iENERAL C;OLl> COINS
Catalogs on Application
Important auction sales every year, for
I which are issued imjwrtant calalogs with great
number of plates and price list.
Catalojftie No. \III of the |*freateKt
Hale of Cireek C'oinn in May, VJO'\ contain-
1 ing UV27 lots exactly described and imiexecl.wilh
.V< plates and price list $1.
Dr. JACOB IIIRSCH,
ARGISSTRASSE 17. MUNICH. GERMANY
U. S. Halves and Dollars
AN EXTREMELY FINE
COLLECTION OF U. S.
comprising one for each year coined
from 1794 to 1908 inclusive, except
1796 and 1797. From J869 to 1908
all are fine proofs. I also have
duplicates of sixty-seven date^.
Also an equally fine collection of
U. S. dollars, rontaining one for
each year, coined from 1795 to
1904, excepting 1804, iSsr, iSsa,
1858. All are fine proofs from
1862 to 1904 except 1878 This in-
cludes the Gobrecht dollar of 1836
in very good condition. I have
twenty-five duplicates. Will sell
single coins from duplicates, but
prefer to sell complete sets to-
GEORGE H. KING.
Denver National Bank, ^
DENVER. COLO. S
France Profits by Aluminum Coinage.
The French Treasury stands to bene-
fit considerably by the proposed intro-
duction of $12,600,000 worth of alumi-
num five and ten centime pieces. They
will cost the State $2,411,250.
For the 348,750,000 new ten centime
pieces and the 562,500.000 five centime
pieces over 2,062 tons of aluminum will
be needed. The price of the metal is
now about 50 cents a pound. The mint-
ing will absorb about $240,000, but the
apparent profit will be much reduced by
the calling in of the old copper coins to
the estimated extent of over $10,000,000.
so that the net profit on the operation
will not exceed $140,000.
The size of the coins will remain the
same, but the weight will be materially
less. The transaction at the same time
does away with the old copper coins
bearing the effigy of Napoleon III,
which under the Third Repubhc re-
mained legal tender, although the ma-
jority had become very much the worse
for wear. To replace these in copper
or brass would have been a much cost-
lier process.— Foreign Correspondent
Xezv York Times.
Have You Received
MY FIXED PRICE SALE CATALOGUE OF
CHOICE NUMISMATIC SPECIMENS?
IF NOT. WRITE FOR ONE.
Selections in stock outside of Sale and received since
catalogue was issued, sent on approval by request from those
known to me or who give satisfactory references. Always
state condition wanted.
COINS CATALOGUED FOR SALE AT PUBUC AUCTION
IN NEW YORK.
674 ELM STREET, NEW HAVEN, CONN.
FOR SALE BY
DIWER 6l company
136 East Linden Avenue
Lonii Distance 'Phone: 1190 North
Confederate Treasury Notes, Confederate Bonds, Broken Bank Notes,
State Notes and Shinplasters, Confederate Postage Stamps, U. S. Frac-
tional Currency, Continental and Colonial Currency, Rare U. S. Gold,
Silver and Copper Coins, Bills of Sale of Slaves, Miscellaneous Curiosities.
U. S. Gold $2i piece $ 3 So
U. S. Gold $3 piece 6.oo
U.' S. Gold $10 St. Gaudens
coinage, 1907, uncirculated. 15.00
U. S. Gold $20 1907, uncircu-
U. S. Gold $20 1908, uncircu-
U. S. Gold $1.00 Lewis and
Clark 1905 3.00
U. S. $1.00 St. Louis, 1903,
U. S. Gold Pioneer Gold $10
(fine) Augustus Humbert,
Mexican Gold $1.00 pieces... 2.00
U. S. Gold $1.00 pieces 300
California Gold, either round
or octagonal $i size charms .30
California Gold, either round
or octagonal $^ size charms .60
U. S. 2c. Copper Coins 10
" 3c. Silver " 15
" 3c. Nickel " 10
" 5c. V Nickel " without
the word cents 15
Confederate State Postage
Stamps unused, set of (4)
2c., 5c., IOC, 20C 50
Herald, April 15th, 1865, full
account of assassination of
Lincoln i .co
Ancient Greek and Roman
Coins, 25c. each, 5 different
Chinese Copper Coins, 2 vari-
U. S. ic. pieces 20c. each, 5
different varieties i.oo
Philippine ic U. S. new 25
Holland ic. piece, new 20
Panama 2 Jc. silver coin 25
U. S. 20C. piece 50
U. S. Isabella 25c. coined for
Woman's Board World's
Fair, Chicago r.oo
World's Columbian Half Dol-
*lars, uncirculated 7=;
Lafayette Dollars 2.50
U. S. Trade Dollars 1.50
Confederate State notes, com-
plete 1894, 50c., $1, $2, $5,
$10, $20, $50, $100, $500 2.00
State of Tennessee $1,000
bond, full coupons, all
Cape of Good Hope Bank
Notes, 5 shillings sterling. . .50
Broken Bank Notes, 10 varie-
ties, nice collection i.oo
C. S, A. State Notes, 10 vari-
eties, nice collection i.oo
C. S. A. States Notes, 25 vari-
eties, fine collection ' 2.00
State Bank of Augusta, 4
notes to Sheet, range in
value $1.00 to $20.00, per
Old Japanese Paper money,
15c. per note, two for 25
Idaho Territory Bonds, $100
to $1000 2.50
Idaho Territory Warrants... .50
Arkansas State Bonds 2.50
Louisiana State Bonds 2.50
Jefferson Davis Badges,
Macon Reunion, U. C. V.,
Oct. 26, 1887 25
"United States Paper
InclDding Fraaional Currency
Coinage of all U. S. Mints
Since their Organization
A riMiulIm by
GEORGE H. BLAKE
I 12 Highland Ave., JERSEY CITY. N. J.
* PRICE ONE DOLLAR
U. S. PAPER MONEY WANTED
Charles K. Warner
Fine American medals and Nedalets
In Gilt, Bronze and White Metal, Commem-
orative of Historical Events that have taken
place in the United States.
My Catalogue for the asking.
1115 Nt. Vernon St., PhliadeHihla,Pa.
Lost His "Widow's Mite."
"George Fan joy, a Civil War veteran
and sportsman's guide, was the victim
of a mean trick recently by which ^ he
was deprived of a coin known as 'the
widow's mite,' of which there are but
few in the world, and which Fanjoy
"Fanjoy, who is watchman for the
South Shore Yacht Club during the
Fall and Winter, was exhibiting the
widow's mite, together with a number of
others which he has collected, to two
men at the yacht club house. The vet-
eran's wife called while the men had
the coins, looking them over. When
Fanjoy returned, after a few moments,
the two men had disappeared, leaving
tlie collection of coins on a table, but
the widow's mite was missing. Fanjoy
made a careful search, but failed to find
the coin. He has notified all the large
collection agencies throughout the
United States to be on the lookout for
"He refused large sums of money for
This from a recent issue of the
Brookhn pAiglc, a special "from r>ec-
port, L. I., is a sample of the frequent
humorous things to Numismatists found
in the daily press. A good specimen of
the so-called "widow's mite" may be
purchased for a trifle in comparison
with the importance given this "great
Precious Metals Produced in 1908.
The world's total gold output in 1908
was $427,000,000, against $410,555,000 in
1907, according to the preliminary esti-
mate of Director of the Mint Leach.
Gold production in the United States ag-
gregated $96,313,256, an increase of al-
most $6,000,000. Silver aggregated 51,-
798,053 fine ounces, a net decrease of
4,700,000 ounces from the previous year.
Africa yielded $165,000,000, an increase
of over $13,000,000. Alaska, California,
Colorado and South Dakota showed in-
creases reaching altogether over $10,-
500,000. Decreases in Utah of 3,500,000
ounces. Colorado of 1,250,000, and Ida-
ho of 1,500,000 were notable in the sil-
The injunctions against smelters on
account of objectionable fumes caused
quite a shrinkage in the output of both
gold and silver in Utah, and the labor
troubles early in the year had a similar
effect on the yield of Nevada. The
shrinkage in these States, with the losses
in some of the less important producing
sections, cut down the increase for the
entire United States to about six million
A GREAT FIND OF
Quite recently I have acqinred a splendid
collection of tebradrachms of Alexander the
Great, numbering 300 pieces. These were dug
up within the present year at Demanhur, near
Alexandria, Egypt. They are the choice from
a lot of 2,000 just imported to America, and all
of which, excepting tnese 300, have been sold.
This find I have regarded of so great archaeological
and numismatic importance that I have had six
splendid plates made of the pieces (100 in each
plate) showing both obverses and revenes.
A FINE ALEXANDER TETRADRACHM
WITH PLATES OF 600 OBVERSES
AND REVERSES $5
I otfer these superb coins, each piece numbered
on the plates, for $5 each. A set of the six plates
will be sent free with each order. The plates will
be suitable for framing or wall decoration. The
Alexander tetradrachms on account of their
vigorous style and high relief show up splendidly
in plates. Order now and get the finest specimens
in the collection.
THOMAS L. ELDER
32 E. 23rd St. N. Y. CITY