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FARRAN ZERBE, Managing Editor and Publisher. 
Associate Editors^E. H. ADAMS, F. C. HIGGINS, ROWLAND WOOD. 


Adams, Edgar H. 
Brenner, Victor D. 
comparette, t. l. 
duffield, f. g. 
Gnecchi, Francesco 
Haseltine, John W. 
Hassler, Dr. F. A. 
Lagerberg, de Axel Julius 

Lighthouse, J. C. 
McLachlan. R. W. 
Ramsden, H. a. 
Saxton, B. H. 
Wheeler, Horace L. 
WiEBE, Carl 
Wood, Howl and 
Zimmerman, Jeremiah 


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f\rc /3/3.^ 





Abdul Hamid II. Coins of 139 

Active Collector at 93 (Dr. J. C. Green) 357 
Adams, E. H. — 

Articles by 2, 44, 84, 111, 129, 

135, 140, 146, 165. 177, 193, 206, 

211, 229, 230, 236, 245, 275, 311. 340 

Publication References 174. 313. 345 

Additions to U. S. Gold Coin Varieties 115 

Africa, German East, Coinage Report. 329 

Alaska Gold Charms 147 

A. Y. P. Exposition 147, 252. 307 

Alchemistlc Coins and Medals 107 

Alexander (The Great), Tetradrachm 

Find 9 

Aluminum Coins, France 246 

American Numismatic Association — 

Convention 148, 180, 209, 237, 257 

Group Picture 259 

Hands Across the Sea 152 

Honor to the 65 

Library 118, 215. 266 

Nomination of Officers 183, 213 

Reports, etc 22, 54, 86, 116, 

148, 180, 209, 212, 248, 287, 316, 348 

Am. Numism'c Notes, Current. 44, 84, 111 

Am. Numismatic Society. 26, 92, 122. 155 

Amulet Coins, Chinese Historical 227 

Ancient Money of Argos 175 

Andrew, A. Piatt. Mint Director 277 

Argentine Coinage Report 329 

Argos. Ancient Money of 175 

Art Circle. New 319 

Artists' Names on Coins 276 

Ash brook, Hon. Wm. A. (Reference). 43 

Assay Commission, Recommendation. 144 

Assaying at A. Y. P. Exposition 252 

Atkinson, Asher D., Obituary 310 

Australia Coinage Report 329 

Austria-Hungary Coinage Report 330 

Bank Note, A Famous 196 

Bechtler. New Variety |5 340 

Beginners, Numismatic Maxims for. . 303 

Belgium Coinage Report 330 

Belgium International Numismatic 

Congress, 1910 76, 113, 179, 316 

Blgelow, Dr. Wm. S. (Reference) 33 

Bolivia Coinage Report 330 

Boston Catholics' Convention Medal.. 13 

Boston Numismatic Society. .189, 320, 354 

Brand. Virgil M 165, 289, 314, 315 

Brazil Coinage Report 330 

Brenner, Victor D 40, 68, 69, 71, 

134, 225, 226, 269. 276, 304 

British Columbia |10 and |20 Coins. . 135 

British Guiana Coinage Report 330 

British Museum Anniversary 78 

History Glimpses 341 

British Numismatic Society 153 

Calico Designer's Coin Types 2 

California Coinage, New Light on 129 

Canada — 

Church Treasurer's Hoard 242 

Coinage Report 331 

Early Gold Coins 135 

New Type Sovereign 284 

Notes of. 58, 84, 123. 246 

Rare Sovereign (1908) 18, 84 

Card Money (Japan) 305 

Cards, Probable Lincoln Head 229 

Carolina, Early Gold Bullion 245 

Catania Mint History 51 

Catholic Convention Medal 13 

Cent Rivalry Climax 189 

Cent, United States — 
Lincoln Type, 

68, 83, 178, 207, 225. 269. 304 

1909 Varieties 269 

Ceylon Coinage Report 331 

Champlain, J. C, Obituary 274 

Champlain Ter-Centenary Medal 305 

Chapman, Henry (Letter) 228 

Chapman, S. Hudson (Letter,^ etc.) ... 33 

Charms, Gold * 147 

Chateau de Ramezay 273 

Chicago Numismatic Society, 

58, 92, 123, 188, 217. 289. 320. 353 
Coinage Report 331 

Historical Amulet Coins 227 

Church Treasurer's Hoard. Disap- 
pointment 242 

Clark. Charles M., Obituary 318 

Coin Collector Need Not be Rich 197 

Coin Design Competitions (Germany) 131 

Coin Impression Post Marks 357 

Coin Types, by Calico Designer 2 

"Coin Values and Lists" (Publicaton) 205 

"Coins" That Are Not Coins 147 

Coins That Speak to Us 233 

Colombia Coinage Report 331 

Colonial Coin Notes 44. 84. 233 

Comparette, T. Louis 169. 313 

Congo Free States Coinage Report. . . 331 

Continental Dollar (1776) 177 

Copying American Coin Types 337 

Corea — ^ 

Modem Copper Coins 101, 136 

Coinage Report 331 

New Coins o£ 339 

Counterfeits. Private Gold 165 

Counterfeits Worth More Than Gen- 
uine 236 

Cowell, C. W 115 

Crowns on Swedish Coins 199 

C. S. A. Watermarked Paper 242 

Cuba 337 

Custom House Ruling 52 

Cyprus Coinage Report 331 

Damanhur Find. Tetradrachms 9 

Darwin-Wallace Medal 42. 89 

Dates, Early, on Coins 189, 220 

Denmark Coinage Report 331 

Designers* Marks on Coin Types 275 

Dime. Dangerous Counterfeit 338 

Director of the Mint (U. S.) 277 

Dollar Mark, Origin of 202 

Double Eagle — 

First in Silver 140 

Unique Varieties. 1876 173 

Dubois. Abbe Naz 266 

Duffleld, Frank G 12. 25 

See A. N. A. Secretary Reports. 

Dunham, W. F |.^. .||.-,^169 

Early Carolina Gold BullIon.'.V>r^A^245 


Early Dated Coins 189, 220 

Early Gk)ld Coins (Canada) 135 

Early Gk>ld Proofs 141 

1884 Trade Dollar 301 

1804 U. S. Silver Dollar 18, 104, 119 

Engraver, First Amercan Ill, 146 

Egrypt Coinage Report 331 

Fifteen-Cent Coin (U. S.) Agitated... 245 
Fifty-Dollar Gold Pieces (U. S. Pat- 
tern) 193 

First Am. Coin Die Engraver 111. 146 

First Double Eagle Struck in Silver. . 140 

First Silver Dollar for the U. S 177 

Five Cent (U. S.) Washington Head 

Proposed 346 

Foreign Numismatic Notes, 

14, 46, 82, 163, 179 

Foreign Sales of Note 215 

Four-Dollar Gold Piece ("Stella")... 206 
France — 

Academy of Science, New Medals.. 277 

Coin Notes 30, 246, 311, 339 

Coinage Report 331 

Promises Novel Coins 311 

Friends of the Medallion 319 

Fuchs, Emil 271 

German History and Small Coins, 

142, 203, 232, 243, 309 
Germany — 

Coin Design Competition 131 

Coinage Report 332 

New Coins 338 

Gobrecht, Christian (Mint Engraver) 2 

Gold and Silver Production 358 

Gtold and Silver Question, The 297 

Gold Coinage, Private — Territorial 

(Adams' Book) 313 

Gold Dollar, No 1854 C Known 239 

Gold, Early U. S. Proofs 141 

<3old. New U. S. Coin Types 33 

Gnecchi, Francesco ; . . . 72 

Granberg. H. 104. 107 

Gravel, Ludger 263 

Great Britain Coinage Report 332 

Greece Mint Report 332 

Greek Coins Stolen 166 

Green. Ben G 219 

Green, Dr. Jesse C 357 

Guatemala Coinage Report 333 

Haiti, New Coinage Probable 75 

Hall, Dr. Thomas 187, 289, 315 

Hands Across the Sea 152 

Hard Times Tokens 233 

Haseltine, Capt John W 104, 173. 301 

Hassler, Dr. F. A.. 142, 203, 232, 243, 309 

Heaton, A. G 45 

Henderson. Dr. J. M 261 

Hi^gins, Frank C 5, 9, 14. 40, 46, 

65, 82. 107, 145, 155. 175, 179, 215 

Highest Priced Coins, World's 193 

Holland Coinage Report 333 

Honduras Coinage Report 333 

Hudson-Fulton Medals 110, 271 

Humane Society Medal 138 

Idler-Granberg 1804 Dollar 104 

Iliad and Odyssey, Money of 1 

Improvement National Collection 144 

"In God We Trust" 33, 178 

India, British, Coinage Report 333 

India, Zodiacal Coins 6, 7, 43. 89; 

115, 133, 178, 211. 230, 275, 311, 347 
Indian, Living, Portrayed on Money . . 44 
Inquiries and Information. 29, 60, 94. 121 
International Numismatic Congress 

(1910) 76, 113. 179, 316 

Iron Skewers, Ancient Money. . .^ . . . 175 
Coinage Report 333 

Mint History, Stricken Cities 61 

New Coins Crems of Art 5, 346 

Royal Numismatist 72, 350 

Victor Emanuel III Honors A. N. A. 65 
Japan — 

Card Money 305 

Coinage Report 333 

New Coin Magazine 340 

Jewett, Henry L., Collection Sale, 

137, 168, 210 

King, George H 33 

King of Italy 65, 72, 350 

"Kinsatsu" Japanese Money Cards... 305 
Lagerberg, A. J. de, 

196, 198, 199, 241, 341, 346 

Lagerberg, Magnus 98 

Latin Monetary Union Coinage Report 334 
Leach, Frank A. (Director of the Mint) 277 

Leon, Theophlle E 79 

Lighthouse, John C 106. 306 

Lincoln, Abraham — 

Cent 68, 83, 178, 207, 225. 269, 304 

Medal by Brenner 40 

On Our Money 41, 89 

Pattern Coin, 1866 226 

Probable Cards 229 

Louisiana Gold Charms 147 

Low, Lyiiian H 307 

Luxemburg Coinage Report 334 

McLachlan, R. W 135 

Mann, H. 103 

Maxims for Begrinners 303 

Medal Issues and Awards 198, 346 

Messina, Mint History of 51 

Treasure Unclaimed 83 

Mexico Coinage Report 334 

Michigan (West) Nimiismatic Society 202 
Mint History, Italy's Stricken Cities. . 5) 

Mint Marks "U" and "N" 112 

Mint, United States— 

New Director 277 

Purchasing Coins at 94 

Reports and Notes.. 19. 50, 85, 120. 

154, 188, 207. 246, 277, 291, 323, 356 

Mints of the World 329 

Mitchell, Henry, Obituary 310 

Mitchelson, J. C 129 

Modern Copper Coins of Corea...l01, 136 
Mohammedans, Copper Coins of 

(Book) ; 350 

Money of the Iliad and Odyssey 1 

Monkeys as Coin Testers 236 

Monograph on U. S. |5 Being Prepared 133 
Montelius, Prof. Oscar 152 

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Montene^o Colnagre Report 334 

Montreal Numismatic and Antiqua- 
rian Society 58, 91, 123, 154 

Mormon Coins, Restrikin? Doubted... 169 

Unissued Type 357 

Morocco Coinage Notes 97 

Necessity Coins of Portugal 145 

New Coins (Italy) Grems of Art 5, 346 

Newfoundland Coinage Report 334 

New York Numismatic Club... 2 6, 91. 

114, 122, 155, 186, 218. 251. 291 

Group Picture 114 

Nexsen, John A., Obituary 272 

Nickerson, Sereno D. (Medal) 167 

Nigeria Coinage Report 334 

Nlklewicz, Herbert 241 

1909 Cent Varieties 269 

Norway Coinage Report 334 

Numismatica Latomorum 167 

Octagonal |5 and $10 Considered 129 

Official Medals, Celebration 271, 307 

Ohio State Numismatic Society. . .319, 351 

Oregon Gold Charms 147 

Origin of the Dollar Mark 202 

Panama Canal Medal 71 

Paper Money — 

Famous Bank Note 196 

Safeguarding Paper Making. 234 

Two Faced Bills 79 

U. S. to be SImplifled 141 

Paraguay Coinage Report 334 

Pattern Coins, United States — 

150 1877 193 

Proposed Book on 206 

"Stella" 14 (Sold 206 

$20 1876 173 

Perkins, Joseph E., Obituary 187 

Persia Coinage Report 335 

Peru Coinage Report 335 

Philippine Islands Coinage Report. . . .335 

Pittsburgh Collectors Organize 154 

Portraits on U. S. Coins 235 

Portugal. Necessity Coin of 145 

Coinage Report 335 

New Coins of 121 

Post Marks, Coin Impressions 357 

Pratt, Bela L. (References) 33 

Precious Metals Produced 1908 32 

Private Gold Counterfeits 165 

Private — Territorial Coins, Notes, 

44, 45. 68, 103, 129, 166, 166, 169. 340 
Proof Coins — 

Current U. S. at Mint 94 

Early Gold 141 

Notes on Ill 

Ramsden. H. A 74, 101, 136, 227, 339 

Reggio Mint History 51 

Reld, Templeton, |10 314 

Roosevelt-Panama Medal 71 

Roosevelt, Theodore, Lauds Saint- 

Gaudens 33 

Royal Numismatist 72 

Royal Society Medal Awards 198 

Russia Coinage Report 335 

Safeguarding Paper Money Making.. 234 

Saint Gaudens, Augustus 33. 161, 205 

San Salvador Coinage Report 335 

Saxton, B. H 161 

Scandinavian States Coinage Report.. 335 

Shinkle, C. H 205 

Slam Coinage Report 335 

Spain Coinage Report 336 

"Stella" U. S. 14 Gold Piece 206 

Storer, Dr. H. R 304 

Straits Settlements Coinage Report... 336 

Svoronos. M 1 

Sweden, Three Crowns on Coins 199 

Coinage Report 336, 353 

Switzerland Coinage Report 336 

Tallmage, (George T 169 

Tatman, Charles C 248 

|10 Templeton Reid Cornered 314 

110,000 Each for Two U. S. Coins 193 

$10,000 for Five Ancient Coins 357 

Territorial — Private, Coin Notes. 44. 45. 
44, 45, 68, 103, 129, 165, 166, 169, 340 

Trade Dollar, The 1884 301 

Tunis Coinage Report 336 

Turkey — 

Coinage Report 336 

Coins of Abdul Hamid II 139 

Two-Cent Coin. Does U. S. Need 239 

Two Faced Bills 79 

Unissued Mormon Coin 367 

United States — 

Coins, Portraits on 235 

Mint Reports and Notes 19, 50, 

85, 120, 154, 207, 246, 291, 323, 356 

New (Sold Series 33 

"V. D. B." 269, 275, 276. 304. 

Victor Emanuel III, Italy 65, 72 

Vlclorla Cross, Where Made 75 

Washington's Head for New Five-Cent 

Coin 346 

West Michigan Numismatic Society. . 202 
Western Penna. Numismatic Society. . 154 

Wheeler, Horace L 13 

"Widow's Mite" Lost 32 

Wlebe, Carl 167 

Williams, R. W., Obituary 56 

Wood, Howland (Reference) 12 

ArUcles by 7, 51, 75. 89. 97, 

115, 121, 130, 139, 178, 197, 

205, 303. 337, 347 

Woodin, William H 133. 170, 193, 206 

World's Highest Priced Coins 193 

World's Mints and Products 329 

Wright Bros., Medals to 134, 231 

Wright. Dr. B. P 81 

Wurtzbach, Carl 233 

Zabrlskle Collection Sale 99, 171. 205 

Zanzibar Coinage Report 336 

Zimmerman, Jeremiah, D. D., LL. D.. 

166, 297 
Zodiacal Coins of India ... 6, 7, 43, 89, 

115, 130. 178, 211, 230. 275, 311, 347 
Zug Collection Sale 308 

Supplement to The Numismatist, June, 1910.) 

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A Theory by M. Svoronos. 

THEORY which gives cause for thought and which 
will no doubt be one for record in future references 
I to supposed commercial mediums of exchange before 
the era of coined money is advanced by the eminent 
Greek numismatist, M. N. Svoronos. In a recent issue 
of La Revue Beige N umismatique , M. Svoronos has 
written very ably in support of his theory that certain 
thin circular bracteates, ornamented with more or less 
geometrical patterns : leaves, complicated spirals, labarynths and outlines of butter- 
flies, cuttle-fish, etc., found in the tombs of Mycene by Professor Schliemann, are 
the talents spoken of by Homer, and consequently coined money centuries in 
advance of the daric or the incused coins of Aegina. 

The illustrations here given are characteristic patterns of the Greek bracteates 
which M. Svoronos believes to have been the money of the Iliad and Odyssey. 
Actual size : two inches to two and three-fourths inches in diameter. 

Homer, who flourished in Greece about i,ooo B. C., is generally accepted as 
the most authentic writer we have of his day, and most numismatic writers, deal- 
ing with early commercial methods, have referred to him as an authority in 
substantiating their statements that coined money was not in use until the eighth 
or ninth century before the Christian era. As generally referred to or quoted, 
Homer makes no mention of a coined money medium of exchange, and refers to 
measures of value in his day having been in commodities other than what we 
would call money. "A woman slave was as of the value of four oxen, and an ox 
as of the value of a three-foot bar of copper or brass." In describing purchases 
for the feasts before Troy they are mentioned as having been made with live stock, 
metal by measure, etc. 

That the precious metals, particularly gold, were prized from the earliest 
times, there is no doubt, and that they were carried about the person and to a 
great extent in the form of ornaments, is more than a theory, and which makes 
it quite probable that the ornamental bracteates found in the ancient tomb may 
have performed functions in commercial exchange, but that they are the "talents" 
mentioned by Homer, as claimed, has small basis for theory, unless we accept his 
use of the word "talent," in this instance, was only to denote prized value. These 
pieces were not of a talent in value, that is, accepting the minimum weight and value 
of a talent as it is presented by the accepted authorities. 

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Copper Dollars Worth More Than Silver— (xobrecht, Calico 

Artist, Became Chief Blint Engraver— Beautiful 

U. S. Coin Types Introduced in 1836. 

(Written Specially for The Xumismatist.) 

By Edgar H. Adams. 

ILVER dollars, of one type at least, are worth more than 
those struck in copper. That United States copper dollars of 
certain design bring higher premiums than the same coins 
struck in silver, and that a calico engraver designed one of 
the most beautiful series of coins that were ever issued at a 
United Slates Mint are curious facts brought to notice 
by the high prices that were paid for specimens of these coins 
at the sale of the Gschwend coin collection, held in 1908 at 
the Collectors' Club in New York City. 

In 1836 Christian Gobrecht, of Philadelphia, an engraver of calico printers' 
rolls, bank notes, &c., was appointed as assistant to William Kneass. The latter 
was the second man to hold the position of engraver at the Government Mint. As 
the coinage of silver dollars was again agitated about this time, after a long lapse 
of years stretching from 1804, the last year of issue of coins of the denomination, 
the mint authorities arranged to issue a number of pattern coins from which a 
suitable design for the new dollar could be selected. 

The story goes that Mr. Gobrecht, a short time after his appointment, was 
directed by the Director of the Mint to prepare dies for silver dollars after his 
own original designs. The new engraver, it is said, was quite embarrassed tem- 
porarily by these instructions, and told his superior that he never had created a 
coin design in his life; that he was simply an engraver, and was prepared to execute 
any design that might be presented to him, but that the designing of a coin was 
something with which he had not the slightest experience. Nevertheless, he under- 
took the work, with the result that a number of pattern dollars of exquisite 
design, of a character never before nor since attempted, and numbering several 
varieties of combinations of obverse and reverse, soon made their appearance. 
They met the instantaneous favor of those who took an interest in the mint issues, 
and it is doubtful, indeed, if these coin designs have ever been equaled. 

The first of the pattern dollars, dated 1836, bore the original representation of 
the seated figure of Liberty, which design afterward became so familiar to the 
public, having been used on silver coins of various denominations up to within 
comparatively recent years. Just under the figure of Liberty, and over the date. 
"1836," appeared the engraver's name, "C. Gobrecht." 

In the field on the reverse was a representation of an large eagle in full 
flight, scattered all around being twenty-six stars. About the border was inscribed, 
was plain. This piece has sold for $100 in silver, and a specimen in copper brought 
$40 at the Gschwend sale. 

When this handsome coin made its appearance it created favorable comment 
so far as the design was concerned, but the engraver was criticised by certain 

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JANUARY, 1909 3 

persons for placing his name upon it in such a conspicuous position. Mr. Gobrecht. 
much hurt, removed the name aUogether from the die, after eighteen specimens had 
been struck in silver and a few in copper. 

The Director of the Mint, however, very well pleased with the engraver's 
work, directed that the name be replaced upon the die, which Mr. Gobrecht 
obeyed with considerable reluctance, but this time put it at the base of the' figure of 
Liberty, where it can be detected only by careful scrutiny. 

The silver pattern dollar with the name on the base, and with stars around 
the eagle on the reverse, is not so rare as the first named, a fine specimen being 
worth something like $15, but a dollar with this identical obverse, and the same 
flying eagle on the reverse, with the stars omitted, is the rarest of the Gobrecht 
pattern dollars, and a fine specimen not long ago sold for $330. 

In designing this flying eagle dollar Mr. Gobrecht had the advantage of an 
active, living model close at hand. At this time there was a magnificent specimen 
of American eagle, named Peter, who for six years made the Philadelphia Mint 
his headquarters. This eagle flew all around the City of Philadelphia, but it is 
said never failed to return before the building was closed for the night. He was 
generally known as the "Mint Bird," and came to an untimely end through 
attempting to perch upon a fly-wheel. 

In 1838 two specimens of pattern dollars were turned out at the mint, each 
showing the seated figure of Liberty, as designed by Gobrecht, but surrounded at 
the border by thirteen stars. The name of "Gobrecht" was omitted altogether. 
The reverse showed the flying eagle, but without stars, while the edge was reeded. 

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A brilliant proof specimen of this coin brought $205 at the sale of a well-known 
collector named Smith, held a couple of years ago. But at the Gschwend sale a 
specimen in copper brought $37. The second 1838 flying eagle dollar had the same 
obverse as the first, but the eagle was surrounded by stars on the reverse. The 
edge of this piece was plain, and was struck in silver and copper, a specimen in 
the latter metal bringing $49 at the Gschwend sale. 

In i8j9 the last of the flying eagle pattern dollars was issued. One of these 
showed a similar design to the rarest dollar of 1836, with the seated figure of 
Liberty and no stars around the eagle on the reverse. This piece was supposed 
to have been struck only in silver, with reeded edge, a fine specimen bringing $25, 
but a specimen in copper turned up at the Gschwend sale, supposed to have been 
the only one ever struck in this metal, and brought $49, thereby bringing nearly 
twice the premium commanded by the same piece in silver. 

This piece was supposed to have been the only design of flying eagle dollar 
issued in 1839. But it seems Mr. Gschwend, who collected a good many years 
ago, had picked up another dollar not hitherto known. This showed the usual 
Gobrecht device on the obverse, but the eagle is shown flying in a plain field on 
the reverse. This unique coin, struck in copper, was bought by Mr. Virgil M. 
Brand, the well-known Chicago collector, at the Gschwend sale for $49. 

Handsome as were the Gobrecht pattern dollars, none of the designs here 
described was adopted in its entirety for regular coinage when in 1840 the United 
States Mint again resumed the issue of silver dollars. While the obverse design 
of the seated figure of Liberty was used, still none of the attractive reverses, show- 
ing the flying eagle, with and without stars, met approval for some mysterious 
reason, and, with the exception of the little white metal cents issued 1856 to 1858. 
none of the United States coins has borne a flying eagle until the St. Gaudens 
issue of twenty-dollar gold pieces in 1907. 

Mr. Gobrecht was afterward responsible for many coins and medals of hand- 
some design, and upon the death of William Kneass in 1840 he was appointed 
chief engraver, in which capacity he continued until his death in 1844. 

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JANUARY, 1909 


The World's Royal Numismatist Gives His Country a Beautiful 

Coinage and The Numismatic World Most 

Heartily Applauds. 

(Written Specially for The Numismatist.) 
By Frank C Higgins, F. R. N. S. 

N THE midst of our own National Numismatic struggles 
in which a succession of "In God we trust-less," rimless, 
tasteless and otherwise freakish new coins float by in our 
vain search for something really American, artistic and 
apropos, comfort comes from the success of the Italian 
Government in the same field of endeavor. 

Our sister nation has been peculiarly fortunate in 

this respect. They have also shown us that the way to 

endow a nation with a first-class coinage is to have it 

run for a few years by a first-class Numismatist. We have still good timber in 

the A. N. A. 

The writer numbers among his friends several of the gentlemen who were the 
first to hear from their sovereign's own lips his opinion of the coinage which was 
hurried into circulation upon his accession. More in sorrow than in anger he 
hoped that his Ministers would be credited with it and not himself. A good story 
of the first Italian coinage of the present reign is that of the rare gold Hundred 
Lire piece which the King took from his own pocket and gave to a famous old 
collector whom he esteemed. The coin in question very shortly traveled to 
France in the same train which took the Royal Consorts to Paris for their first 
official visit. When they saw the collection in the Bibhothcque Nationale a few 
days later, the King was compelled to warmly compliment the custodians thereof 
on the possession of a complete set of the new Italian issue, something unheard 
of at that precise moment. An hour after the King left the institution the precious 
coin was speeding back to its owner. 

This time King Victor Emmanuel has had his own way. Forgetting his 
Kingship in the numismatic atmosphere, let us rcaHze a warm-hearted, vivacious, 
scholarly and altogether lovable numismatic enthusiast, the greatest Royal coin 
collector since Queen Ulrica Eleanora of Sweden. The new two and one lire 
pieces in silver, and the twenty centesimi in nickel, which were so greatly admired 
al the late A. N. A. convention, have been accurately reproduced by the facile pen 
of Mr. Howland Wood, the accompanying illustrations are from his drawings. 

As will be seen, the obverse of the two silver coins present a profile bust of 
His Majesty in the epauleted uniform of a General of Division, with the jewel 

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of the Annunciata order of Savoy on his breast. The disposition of the inscription 
— VITTORIO EMANVELE-III-RE D'lTALIA— between two borders, gives a 
pecuHar halo effect around the head which is very pleasing. This obverse is by 
Galandra. The reverse shows "ITALIA" triumphant in dolphin crested helmet, 
buckler, sword and olive branch, borne in a splendid triumphal car recalling the 
Syracusan decadrachms, but in this case a draped platform upon which is placed 
a palm-decked throne. The garlanded drapery bears the family device, "PERT," and 
the true lovers knot of the house of Savoy. The date is placed in the field under 
the horse's forefeet, and the value— L-I (AND-L-2) in the exergue between 
Savoy knots; the engraver being Signor Giorgi. 

The obverse of the nickel coin shows a large but incomplete head of Ceres 
filling half the entire field, the rest being occupied by her shoulder and upraised 
hand holding an ear of ripened wheat — symbol of plenty — and with the single 
word, ITALIA. The conception is intensely antique in feeling, the idea being taken 
from some of the beautiful coins of old with imperfectly centered heads. The 
reverse is a beautiful conception by Bistolfi of a flying (albeit wingless) genius 
holding a flaming torch over the crowned arms of the Kingdom of Italy, with 
value — C-20 — and date in the left field. 

An evident determination to complete the entire Italian coin series graced 
with art is manifest in the appearance within a few days of a copper coin of Ten 
Centesimi denomination. The first of the new series in copper bears the Royal 
bust and title on obverse as do the new silver; the reverse is occupied with a 
queenly figure of Italia standing upon and holding the rudder a high prowed galley, 
her right hand extended proffering an oHve branch. 

This description does but feeble justice to the great beauty of these coins, 
which were much commended at the Convention, and upon which the A. N. A. 
has warmly felicitated their Royal sponsor. 


(See Article on opposite page.) 

THE sign for January is Aquarius, or the Water-bearer, 
the eleventh sign of the zodiac, and signifies want after 
rain. The deluge was traditionally associated with it. 
In zodiacal symbolism it is represented by the god Ram- 
man, crowned with a tiara, and pouring from a vase 
water which flows into the mouth of the Southern 
Fish. The Nile is supposed to overflow during this 
month, and the representation of this river god reminds 
us of our conception of tliis zodiacal sign. Sometimes 
the constellation was represented by just a water jar, 
and one of the Indian coins is found with this jar. The sun enters this constella- 
tion about the twenty-first of January. 

The coins represented in this issue is one of the rudest pieces of the series 
though the reverse is very well cut. It represents the seated figure of an old man 
pouring water over his shoulder out of a vase, the fish at the end of the stream 
is lacking. Another mohur shows a small figure of a man carrying a jar on his 
shoulder, while a third variety shows simply a water jar surrounded by sun rays, 
the latter piece is from the Ahmadabad mint. All the mohurs with Aquarius are 
rare, and I know of no original specimen in silver. 

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JANUARY, 1909 7 


Signs of the Zodiac Explained — Interesting History of India's 
Coinage— A Monthly Illustration During 1909. 

(Written Specially for The Numismatist.) 

By Rowland Wood. 

N THE new cover appears a drawing taken from one of 
the series of zodiacal mohurs and rupees used in India. 
The appropriate symbol for each month will appear on the 
successive numbers of The Numismatist for 1909. A 
few words about the zodiac and the history of the zodiacal 
pieces is thought to be of interest, and is herewith given. 
Month by month a short description of the particular 
sign depicted and the history of the coin shown will be 

Our word zodiac comes from the Greek word zodiakos, relating to animals, 
which comes from zodion, the diminutive of zoon, animal, as the constellations 
were figures of animals. This name was given by the ancients to an imaginary 
band extending round the celestial sphere, having as its middle line the ecliptic, or 
apparent path of the sun. It was fized at about 16 degrees in width. The stars in 
the zodiac were grouped into twelve constellations to each of which 30 degrees or 
1/12 of the whole circle was assigned. The names of the different constellations 
in the zodiac are as follows: Aries (Ram), Taurus (Bull), Gemini (Twins), Can- 
cer (Crab), Leo (Lion), Virgo (Virgin), Libra (Balance), Scorpio (Scorpion), 
Sagittarius (Archer), Capricornus (Goat), Aquarius (Water-bearer), and Pisces 
(Fishes). As one-half of the ecliptic is to the north and the other half to the 
south of the celestial equator, the line of intersection of their planes is a diameter 
of each, and the two points of intersection are known as the equinoctial points. It 
has been the custom to begin the zodiac at the point which the sun crosses the 
equinoctial from south to north or the first point of Aries. With our calendar this 
corresponds to a date in the latter part of March. The sign for January is, there- 
fore, considered as Aquarius, although this sign does not begin until the latter part 
of the month. 

The origin of the zodiac is of great antiquity, and it is thought now that the 
Babylonians formed these signs about 2100 B. C. The figures seem to have been 
based on the resemblance of the lines connecting the stars in the zodiacal constella- 
tions to certain pictorial outlines which form the substratum of the Assyro-Baby- 
lonian cuneiform alphabets, while animal figures and outlines were chosen for 
animistic reasons. Some of these signs, however, appear to be of Occidental origin. 
The zodiacal signs were carried from Babylonia to Greece, whence they spread 
throughout the civilized world, and back again to India and the Far East. 

Although coins have appeared from time to time with single zodiacal figures, 
and a piastre of Ferdinand IX of Naples show many of the signs of the Zodiac 
on a band encircling the earth, it is doubtful if there is any parallel instance of a 
series of coins showing all the zodiacal signs in succession as is shown on the 
series of mohurs and rupees issued by the Moghul Emperor Jahangir. As is well 
known, Mohammadan rulers have followed pretty strictly the Koranic law forbid- 

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ding the delineation of living things. Many of the Moghuls, however, were not 
so strict in their observances of these laws, as were other more orthodox dynasties. 
Not only did they depart from many of the stricter laws of the Koran, such as 
drinking intoxicating liquors, and the taking of unbelievers for wives, but they 
delighted to adorn their palaces with pictures and statues. It is not surprising 
that their coinages at times had living things represented on them. Jahangir, how- 
ever, was the chief ruler to use figures with abandon, many of his gold coins show 
him in profile with a wine cup in his hand, and again he is found seated cross- 
legged on a throne with the inseparable goblet raised aloft. 

Before passing to the pieces themselves a few words about the ruler would be 
of interest. The third Moghul ruler was Jalal-ud-din Akbar, or the Great. At his 
death in 1605 his son Selim was proclaimed Emperor with the name Nur-ed-din 
Muhammad Jahangir. He was thirty-seven years at the time, and as a young man 
was noted for his ferocity, but later became more amiable in character, and even 
reformed many of his vicious habits as he was a notorious drunkard in his earlier 
days. Much of this betterment to his character was, no doubt, due to his illustrious 
wife, Nur-Mahal, later known as Nur-Jahan (Light of the World), whom Jahangir 
married in 1610, having met her when he was Crown Prince. Jahangir died in 
1627 and was buried at Lahore, Nur-Jahan followed him in 1645 and was buried 
near him. 

The coins known as the zodiacal pieces are known to all collectors on account 
of their novel appearance and devices. They were evidently made to pass as 
ordinary money, and were issued for eight years, from 1027-34 A. H., or from 
1617-24 A. D., and for the most part were minted at Agra, though examples are 
found jninted at Ahmadabad in 1027 A. H., and one specimen of a rupee from 

Tavernier reports a pretty legend concerning these, but unfortunately, for the 
sake of the tale, it is untrue, as the coins themselves prove otherwise. The story 
is as follows : Nur-Jahan begged her adoring husband, Jahangir, to allow her 
twenty-four hours of supreme sovereignty, and, on his consenting, at once issued 
these zodiacal coins, having previously had the dies cut and the necessary arrange- 
ments made, but as the pieces themselves bear dates ranging over eight years, and 
do not, as a rule, bear Nur-Jahan's name, little credence can be put to the tale. 
Jahangir's own account is probably the correct one. He says in his Memoirs, 
"Formerly it was customary to strike my name on one side of the coin, and that 
of the place, and the month, and the year of the reign, on the obverse. It now 
occurred to my mind that, instead of the name of the month, the figure of the sign 
of the zodiac corresponding to the particular month, should be stamped. For 
instance, in the month of Farwardin, the figure of a ram, in Ardibihist that of a 
bull, and so on ; that is in every month in which a coin might be struck, the figure 
of the constellation in which the sun might be at the time, should be impressed upon 
it. This was my own innovation : it has never been done before." 

All of the signs are known in the gold Mohurs, but there is no complete set 
of all the signs known in silver. There are many forgeries of these pieces, both 
mediaeval and modern, and there are also recent fabrications of half rupees, which 
denomination was not known among the old pieces. Without doubt there are more 
counterfeits than original pieces in existence to-day, as the pieces have always been 
popular and there has always been a demand for them for use as talismans. Some 
of the designs are rarer than others, and nearly all the signs are represented in 
more than one way. The workmanship of the different pieces vary greatly. As a 
rule the signs agree with the traditional representations, Virgo and Aquarius offer 
several pronounced varieties. 

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JANUARY, 1909 


Over 18,000 Specimens, Many Brought to America. Plate 

Illustrations of Three Hundred Specimens, Commendable 

Work of a Numismatist Suggests a Duty— A Study 

of ''The Great" and His Day from the Coins 

of Over 2,000 Years Ago. 

(Written Specially for The Numismatist.) 

By Frank C Higgins, F. R. N. S. 

HAT cominendable work on the part of all numismatists is 
to receive recognition by The Numismatist, is, we arc 
pleased to say, given opportunity for evidence in this, the 
first issue of the ucic Numismatist. We hope that no 
month may go by when the interest and enterprise of at 
least one of the many, will give us opportunity to herald 
an appreciated act, giving space to the educational and 
entertaining profit of our readers. 

One of the most commendable pieces of American 
numismatic work done recently has been Mr. Thomas L. Elder's publication of six 
splendid collotype plates of the three hundred specimens of Alexander tetradrachms 
which have come into his possession from the Damanhur find of 1908. Study of a 
set of plates like this, even though no attempt at classification be made, constitutes 
the best kind of numismatic education. Collective reproductions of large finds for 
this purpose are rarer than such finds themselves, and we are not sure but that Mr. 
Elder's action suggests a future service, if not a duty on the part of those who 
come into possession or control of material for tlie purpose. It is the ability to 
discriminate among the whole array of known .specimens of given coins which 
makes the difference between the Numismatist and the mere collector. The great 
Numismatists of the world, such as: Evans, Head, Grucber, the brothers Gnecchi, 
etc., have been made so by giving their time to the exploration of museums, the 
frequentation of archaeological excavations and long journeys made to inspect 
"finds'* before they were broken up. The study of ^Ir. Elder's tetradrachm plates 
will do more for the collector than simply post him on varieties of this one particu- 
lar coin. It will sharpen his comprehension of how (ill coins should be studied, 
and stimulate him to realization that no question which may come into his mind in 
comparing one coin with another, and like coins togctlier, is too insignificant to 
pursue to an intelligent answer. One of the greatest joys of numismatic science 
is that every question, however trivial, is legitimate, and every correct reply to 
such fraught with absorbing interest. 

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The coins in question were unearthed at Damanhur, a small station on the 
railroad between Alexandria and Cairo, about thirty-six miles southeast of the 
former city, in the Nile delta region, early in 1908. There were upwards of eighteen 
thousand beautifully preserved coins in the find, many being in mint condition. 
Mr. Edward T. Newell secured a choice selection from the hoard while he was 
in Egypt. The others which have come to America were brought here by a young 
Egyptian merchant and variously dispersed. There was a sebsction in Mr. Lyman 
H. Low's sale of November 14th, and Mr. Elder's plates account for three hundred 
others. The writer has also acquired a few choice examples. 

Considering the Elder plates as presenting a very fair sample upon which to 
base a criticism of the whole, the Damanhur find seems to have consisted entirely 
of tetradrachms comprised in Miiller's first three classes and hence belonging to the 
lifetime of the conqueror, or prior to B. C. 323. The range of mint-marks is not 
large, being mostly of localities within easy commercial reach of Alexandria, in 
Greece and Asia Minor. 

As all other Alexander tetradrachms were struck by his successor, this collec- 
tion may be classed as a very complete showing of the types of Alexander the 
Great himself. Notwithstanding the superficial sameness of the portraiture, close 
inspection will reveal almost as many different expressions and types of feature as 
there are coins. Naturally, the best portraits would have been the work of good 
artists who had been familiar with the face of the Emperor, of whom, however, it 
is said that he permitted his effigies to be made by three artists only — Lysippus, 
Apelles and Pyrgoteles. It is reasonable, therefore, to suggest that these coin por- 
traits were made, the best from authorized portrait busts, and others from copies, and 
copies of copies, until the original inspiration became completely absorbed. The as- 
sumption of the character of Hercules and the wearing of the lion-skin head-dress 
was not, as is so feebly surmised by most commentators, derived from a chance selec- 
tion of Hercules 33 the Imjyertal patron, or because of Hercules being a favorite deity 
among the Macedonians as evinced by their coins prior to the time of Alexander, 
but the Macedonian Royal family — to which Alexander belonged — claimed actual 
descent from Hercules through a long pedigree of warriors, real and mythical. 
There must have been numerous statutes of Alexander in the Hercules character 
commencing at extreme youth and widely distributed. 

Study of the Elder plates will reveal characteristic physiognomies at about ten 
or twelve years of age, at nineteen or twenty and again at the close of his career. 
T,o thpse who have ^r may command' the plates, I commend atta^itlon to numbers 
164 and 278^ as repi'esenting the first period, 9, 19 'and 145 as representing th^ middje 
period and 58 ind 287 as representing t^e latter period, «f Akkajjderjs^qjireer b^, 
portraits which possess artistic qualities strongly bespeaking 'their fidelity.. T^e*' 
pieces belonging to Miiller's class I, are recognizable by their small, thick and 
dumpy appearance. The locks of hair on the lion-skin are short and pointed and 
in two regular lines, in scarce instances three. The stat6e Zeus Aetaphoros *( eagle 
bearer) probably copied from that of Phidias at Olympia, is short, squat and 
archaic, the right leg being far in advance of the left, and the extended hand 
being shown flat palmed as though the eagle were perched on the thumb. In 
many specimens the throne has no back, and the feet are seldom supported by a 
foot-stool. Numbers 209, 260, 291 and 292 are clearly defined specimens of this 
class from which the others may be appreciated. 

In class II we have a better sort of workmanship. The coin is larger, the 
locks of hair are longer and turned downward, and the figure of Zeus on the 
reverse is more easily posed ; the legs of the throne stand in most cases upon bottoms 
shaped like large inverted bowls and the presence of a foot-stool is much more 
frequent. Numbers 7, 8 and 24 may be studied as examples, of which there are 
many others all through the series. The chief change constituting class III lies in 
the position of the extended hand which is normal with the side only towards the 
observer and the finger^ properly bent. Numbers 5 and 8 are the first of a variety 
of this type. Numbers 6, 274, 285 and other plain throne specimens are rather con- 

( Continued on Page 12.) 

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JANUARY, 1909 11 

Plate A: Illustrates Miiller's celebrated classification of the Alexander tetra- 
drachms. Class I, number 209; Class II, number 55; Class III, number 17, struck 
in his lifetime, and Class IV, number 266, struck after his death by his companion 
in arms. The portraits on this last class are, as a rule, of superior workmanship 
and highly idealized. 

Plate B: A selection of four portraits of Alexander, from the Elder collec- 
tion, possessing qualities of life and verisimilitude which are absent from the 
majority. Only two or three such occur in a thousand examples. Number 278 
would represent the conqueror in childhood; No. 145 as a young prince, probably 
in the lifetime of Philip II. Number 19 is a resolute, thoughtful countenance bear- 
ing many of the physiognomical traits which also characterize Napoleon, especially 
about the lower part of the face; while in the last: number 287, we see the fully 
developed signs of the imperious will, the stigma of self indulgence, and the 
insatiate ambition which cried aloud for "more worlds to conquer." Compare 
these, almost speaking countenances, with the insipidity of the first three oji 
plate A. 

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(Continued from Page lo.) 

temporary imitations than attempts to shirk the ornamentations, by unskilful 
engravers. The reverse of Damascus (with the ram and DA) are remarkable for 
the position of the god's knees in front of the throne. Numbers 266 and 276 if 
nol in, are quite bordering on class IV, as note the wavy disorder of the hair and 
truncation of the neck of Alexander. While finally, number 297 of Cilicia, with 
the mint mark of a bow, shows on the reverse a treatment of the Zeus statue which 
is most likely to constitute a close copy of the original, as do others of this mint. 
There are countless additional details which will repay the close attention of the 
observer. The Alexander tetradrachm is a study by itself. Miiller, the great 
Danish authority of the nineteenth century, has passed hopelessly out of date. 
Hundreds of new mint marks on these tetradrachms have been discovered within 
recent times over the entire extent of Alexander's empire, even as far as Bactria 
and in parts of India. The student is commended to look up the three interesting 
articles on the subject of the Alexander tetradrachms in Vol. XIII (1905) of 
Spink's Numismatic Circular by the Rev. A. W. Hands. 


Retiring General Secretarv, new Chair- New General Secretary of the Ameri- 

man of the Board of Governors, can Numismatic Association. Enters 

American Numismatic Association. upon the duties of his office with the 

Expert on Oriental Numismatics. purpose of giving it every needed 

Associate Editor and Staff Illustra- attention. That the A. N. A. wiU be 

tor of The Numismatist. well served, there is no doubt. 

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JANUARY, 1909 13 


By Mr. Bela L. Pratt, Designer of the New Gk)ld Coins. 

(Written Specially for The Numismatist.) 

By Horace L. Wheeler. 

COMMEMORATION during the last week of October of 
the establishment of the Roman Catholic See of Boston is 
numismatically interesting as having produced the unusually 
fine medal illustrated in this number of The Numismatist. 
There were two editions, one in bronze, which is very ele- 
gant, measuring 76 mm., or 2 15-16 inches in diameter, and 
another, from which the accompanying illustration is made, 
in silvered metal, with loop attached, which was distributed 
with a ring and a ribbon of red, white and blue, to the 

adherents of the church through the clergy of the diocese, at the cost price of ten 

cents. This measures 25 mm., or one inch. 

The selection of a sculptor for the medal was entrusted by Archbishop O'Con- 
nell to Mr. Pierre de Chaignon La Rose. His choice fell upon Mr. Bela L. Pratt, 
as "the most eminent sculptor and medallist in his [the Archbishop's] jurisdiction." 
Mr. Pratt is known as the designer of a Longfellow medal, and of the new half 
and quarter eagles. The obverse of the medal is wholly Mr. Pratt's. The reverse 
is based upon a preliminary sketch of Mr. La Rose's, but, to quote his own words, 
"such distinction as it now has comes from the sculptor's studio rather than from 

The medal may be described as follows: — Obverse, Bust of the Archbishop 
facing left, with inscription Gvlielmvs' Archie piscopvs-Bostoniensis. MCMVIII, 
with side-wise Latin crosses before and after the date. Reverse, the arms of the 
Archbishop impaling those of the See, with inscription Anno-Centesimo-Dioceseos, 
Feliciter, Peracto. "As maritus ecclesial [writes Mr. La Rose], he combines on the 
shield the bearings of the See and those of his family. The charges representing 
the See of Boston are a [Latin] cross appearing above a 'tri-mount'; those of the 
O'Connells — the ancient conail — area stag between three 'trefoils' or shamrock 
leaves. Above the shield is a count's coronet. . . . Above this coronet shows the 
head of the double-traversed cross peculiar to archbishops and legates. And 
above all is the archiepiscopal hat of green with ten tassels at either side." Below, 
on a ribbon, is the motto, ''Vigor in Ardvis" 

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THE British Museum has received Leopold Hamburger's 
famous collection of ancient Jewish coins. The bequest of 
the deceased Frankfurt Numismatist has made the British 
Museum collection of Judean coins the greatest in the 
world and a loss to his own country. 

Monsieur Zay, the celebrated French numismatist, who 
has many warm friends among American collectors with 
whom he has corresponded, has given his entire gathering 

of French Colonial coins to the Bibliotheque Nationale 

which has also received 15,000 ancient coins and 2,000 Italian renaissance medals 
from M. Prosper Valton. 

Signor Camillo Serafini, Curator of the Papal Numismatic Cabinet, is about 
to publish a catalogue of the Vatican collection in five richly illustrated volumes. 

German Numismatists have had their hearts gladdened by an unusual number 
of important bracteate and dettar finds throughout the Empire, notably at Elmen- 
horst, Borne (bracteates) Cransforde and Cosatz in Anhalt (denars.) 

Collectors of German "Thalers" have for several decades been obliged to con- 
tinue their series with the large Five Mark pieces. The Thaler of Three Marks now 
restored by Imperial rescript and an emission of five million pieces coined by the 
Berlin Mint. The designs are identical with those of the former coins except as to 
size, weight, etc. 

New Five Mark pieces of Grand Duke Frederick II minted at Karlsruhe 
appeared in Baden towards the end of 1908. They are notable for the spelling 
of the title "Grossherzog" instead of with one "S" as previously. 

The Royal Numismatic Cabinet of Berlin has just secured a copy of the 
exceedingly rare bronze medal of Septimus Severus and Julia Donna (facing) 
with the reverse, which is the only representation in existence of the great alter 
of Pergamum as it originally stood. The coin is especially valued in Berlin 
because of the monument in question now being set up there after having been 
transported to Germany in fragments at enormous cost and restored in a museum 
building of its own. Only four other specimens of the piece are known, London, 
Paris, Vienna and Arolsen. 

A pamphlet by Robert Mowat, published by C. Rollin & Fenardent, of Paris, 
seems to prove conclusively, from the evidence of coin moulds recently discovered 
in Egypt, that the three Julias, Maesa, Soemias and Mammaea, received their titles 
of Augusta from the Emperor Septimus Severus before the succession of Elagaba- 
lus, instead of from the latter as hitherto held. 

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JANUARY, 1909 15 

If there are among us collectors of medals relating to ballooning, they will 
be interested in the fact that such are beginning to appear in Germany apropos 
of Count Zeppelin's exploits in airship navigation. 

The Berlin Mint has issued 40,000 Five Mark and 50,000 Two Mark pieces 
in commerrroration of the 350th Anniversary of the University of Jena. The 
obverse shows a half length facing figure of the founder, Elector John Frederick, 
the Magnanimous, with naked sword, from the painting by Titian, surrounded by 
Joh-Fricd'D-Grossmui-Kurf-Sachscnjtifter-D-Univ-Jena, with 1658-1908 in the 
field. The reverse is that of the German silver coins of to-day of same 

June of 1910 will witness the inauguration of an International Numismatic 
Congress at Brussels, imder the patronage of H. R. H. Prince Albert of Belgium, 
and H. R. H. Prince Philip of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, in connection with the 
World's Fair of that year. Viscount B. de Jonghe, President of the Belgian Royal 
Numismatic Society, is the distinguished Belgian Numismatist selected to head 
the active workers in the enterprise. We are advised that a committee of American 
Numismatists and Medalists has been selected. 

Commendatore Francesco Greecchi, of Milan, the most distinguished of Italian 
Numismatists, save the King, has published an interesting pamphlet dealing with 
the Numismatic Cabinet of the Brera Musuem, founded in 1808 during the reign of 
Napoleon Bonaparte. 

(Note.) — Most collectors have noticed the difference between the two heads of 
Napoleon found on the Italian soldi and centesemi of his short reign. One of 
these is conventionally correct and of similar type to those on his French coins. 
The other, with "tousled" hair, is an excellent profile of the head of the large 
statue of Napoleon as a Roman Emperor by Canova, which adorns the fore- 
court of the Brera Museum. — F. C. H. 

The London Mint has coined during the past year thirty-three million liards 
in aluminum for the African protectorates of Uganda and Nigeria. They are holed 
in order to permit the natives to string them like beads, which they will replace as 

(Note.) — This was the precise process by which the ancient Chinese acquired 
the holes in their cash. The Chinese root word for money and all other words 
connected with currency or finance is the name of the cowrie shell, which shows 
that the oldest money of China was a species of wampum. — F. C. H. 

Signor Furio Lenzi has had reprinted from the Rassegna Numismatica, his 
paper on "holed" coins attempting to show that from the earliest times coins 
bearing religious types have been pierced and suspended by cords to the neck of 
the devout. The frequency with which the Iberian Colonial bronzes of Agustus 
bearing a bull on the reverse were found pierced, as likewise the denarii of the 
Thoria gens with the leaping bull, was noticed before it was learned from other 
remains that the bull was an object of worship on the Peninsula. Moorish coins 
with the "Seal of Solomon," and Portuguese coins with the cross were similarly 
venerated, as again, the Sede Vacante coins of the Papal States bearing the Holy 
dove. Just as the Pagans of ancient Greece and Rome pierced and wore the 
numismatic effigies of their tutelary deities, so the peasants of the Middle Ages 
wore the coins bearing their patron saint as amulets against various evils. The 
touch pieces of the Stuart Kings were the most distinguished examples of this 
very ancient custom. 

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Having completed its twenty-first year, The Numismatist attains life's 
majority and is the better qualified to hold its place among men in the family of 
numismatic literature, and is zealous to become a still greater leader of that family 
than it has been in recent years. 

The life of The Numismatist may be compared to that of man. Born 
twenty-one years ago, it was as a publication, an infant, both in size and scope, 
but with inherited ambitions which were fostered with the modesty that surrounded 
and made the life of its parent so fruitful to numismatics. A little leaflet was the 
infant. About eight years later the "age of reason" was evidenced, and the former 
infant was indeed a promising boy. Acquiring with years, education and experience, 
thriving, but seldom self-supporting, it had the fostering care of its parent to all 
but majority. 

Now at the age of twenty-one it seeks its way in life under new conditions 
and surroundings, and from the many, more than friends, it has made, has brought 
to its own fireside the learned, the talented and the much traveled. Identified with 
it as editors and contributors, are those with an unselfish purpose and whose only 
reward will be in having assisted in the advancement of numismatics. 

Mr. E. H. Adams, New York City Journalist, whose numismatic writings are 
well known, and who is an acknowledged authority on the money mediums of 
America, is an Associate Editor, and will be a regular contributor. 

Mr. Frank C. Higgins, F. R. N. S., linguist, and who has traveled extensively 
in pursuit of numismatic knowledge in the making, and with accomplishments for 
imparting it, that are unique, will be in charge of the Foreign Department, review- 
ing and translating all of interest that may appear in the foreign numismatic press. 

Noted for his work in the field of numismatic literature, particularly on money 
of the Orient, and his interest in organized numismatics, and four years of invalua- 
ble service to the American Numismatic Association as its General Secretary, Mr. 
Howland Wood, of Boston, will not only push his capable pen as a regular con- 
tributor, but his talent as an artist and originator of ideas will grace our pages. 
Most of the illustrations of this. issue are from drawings by Mr. Wood. 

The editorial management and business direction will be in charge of the 
Publisher, Mr. Farran Zerbe, whose interest in numismatic literature and education 
will bring to The Numismatist the fruits of his acquirements and business 

Contributions from the best numismatic writers of the world are not only in 
reserve, but will be regularly at command. Starting with Mr. Adams, our contribu- 
tors arc so well scattered over the alphabet and different divisions of specialization, 
that by closing with Mr. Zerbe, our readers may expect to receive the A to Z of 
Money in its Ijest form. 

The subject of numismatics leads one to feast on thirty centuries of research 
and development, and to all parts of the earth. This is the educational and enter- 
taining sphere, the publication sph<^re has limitations; quite narrow in America, 
where as yet only a few appreciate the great educational director and profitable and 
entertaining pastime that is to be found in Money, other than the getting of it. 
Scattered and few as the supporters of numismatic literature are. The Numismatist 
may not receive the financial nourishment to approach its ideals, but it is going 
to make the effort, and in doing so try to cultivate and educate an interested clien- 
tele that will make this, the first issue of The New Numismatist, as different in 
comparison with the future, as is the first issue of twenty-one years ago compared 
with this one. 

Digitized by 


JANUARY, 1909 





236 Chestnut Street. Philadelphia, Pa. 

Founded i888 by Dr. George F. Heath. 

Application for entry as second class matter, Phila., Pa., post office pending. 

An Illustrated Monthly Journal 
Devoted to Money — A Science. 

Official Bulletin of the 
American Numismatic Association. 

The Oldest Numismatic Monthly. 

The Largest Circulation in its Class. 

Independent of Trade Relations. 

Filed in the Leading Libraries of the 

Most EflFective Advertiser in its Field. 
Back Volumes; A Fund of Knowledge. 
$1 to $2 the Volume. 
Subscription: $1.50 the year in ad- 
vance in the Postal Union. Make 
remittances in other form than check. 

Contributions for publication will be 
aporeciated and duly accredited. 

Temporary Editorial Office and 


Tyrone, Pa., 
Where all communications should be 

Farran Zerbe, Managing Editor and 
Associate Editors, 
Edgar H. Adams, U. S. Currency Au- 
Frank C. Higgins, Linguist, Foreign 

Howland Wood, Oriental Money Expert. 

The Editorial department of any 
publication is accepted as expressing the 
views of its editors. There is much 
within the sphere of money and the 
field that The Numismatist seeks to 
cover worthy of editorial references, 
but most subjects of the moment will 
appear in the form of a special or con- 
tributed article, and to specifically refer 
to them editorially would be a dupli- 
fication and at the loss of space for 
other select matter. Every page of 
The Numismatist, particularly the 
headings or first paragraph of an arti- 
cle, may be accepted as an expression 
of its editors if the article is such as to 
suggest editorial reference. Everything 
that appears in The Numismatist in 
the future will be selected for its merit, 
and not published as an easy space 
filler because it has been contributed, 
or acquired by the scissor method. 
Every article will be scrutinized, and if 
the subject be one of defining, facts, 
that with which the Editors may not be 
familiar, it will be submitted to a rec- 
ognized authority and be approved be- 
fore it is published. The field of nu- 
mismatics is so vast, there are few more 
so, that no man or small number of 
men can know it all, and those who may 
claim to be all wise numismatically, 
show how little they know of the sub- 
ject, in making such pretentions. 

"Resolved, That the New Series of 
U. S. Gold Coins are Artistic and Com- 

mercially Practical," could be termed 
the subject of a debate, the material for 
which has been acquired by The Nu- 
mismatist for its February issue. The 
affirmative is represented by President 
Roosevelt, whose interest in our coun- 
tries coinage has been the most marked 
of any Executive since the days of Wash- 
ington and Jefferson; and Mr. William 
Sturgis Bigelow, of Boston, who pro- 
posed the incused method of stamping. 
The negative, by Mr. S. Hudson Chap- 
man, of Philadelphia, authoritative nu- 
mismatist and capable art critic, and by 
Mr. George H. King, of the Denver Na- 
tional Bank of Denver, Colorado. This 
is one of several interesting subjects 
that will appear in our next issue, and 
the material on hand and at command 
assures each succeeding number to be 
rich in information regarding money 
and finance. 

Our subscribers and A. N. A. mem- 
bers should bear in mind that expense 
attends the negotiating of bank checks, 
and their remittances should be in some 
other form. Preferably, drafts on New 
York, P. O. money orders, or cash by 
registered mail. 

The portraits of the A. N. A. District 
Secretaries which was proposed for this 
issue, will be presented during the year 
in connection with a letter from the re- 
spective Secretaries touching on numis- 
matic conditions in their district. 

Digitized by 




Total Eclipse of the 1804 Dollar. 

Coin dealers will do well to go 
through their junk boxes and rescue 
and rub up any stray 1807 dollars which 
up to now have escaped observation. 
The following extraordinary discovery 
has been made by the "Answers to Cor- 
respondents" oracle of the Neiv York 
Times, under date of December 12th : 

"S. W. McE. — Is there any premium 
on silver dollars of the dates 1807, 1845 
and 1847? 

"Coin dealers attach no special value 
to the silver dollars of the dates you 
give, but occasionally pay a shade more 
than face value for them if they hap- 
pen to be particularly well-preserved 
specimens. Collectors frequentlv pay a 
considerable premium on them m order 
to complete an American coin series." 

Hurrah for the 1807 dollar at "a 
shade more than face value." The new 
"Emperor" of American rarities puts 
the erstwhile "King" into the Nickel 
without "Cents" class and even the poor- 
est of us can complete his American 
coin series on a scale of economy which 
ushers in a new era of values. 

Look Up Your 1847-8 Gold Dollars. 

The 1807 dollar is not the only "dis- 
covery" made by the mis-information 
department of the New York Times. 
We granted the foregoing a typograph- 
ical error until a few days later more 
"new ones" were brought to light. Note 

"H. H. R— Will The Times kindly in- 
form me if there is any premium on the 
gold octagonal dollar of 1853, stamped 
'California'; also the round gold dollar 
of 1849 from the United States Mint. 

"The octagonal gold dollar of 1853 is 
worth approximately twice its face 
value. The gold dollar of 1849 is val- 
ued at about $1.75; if it has the Mint 
mark *C,' *D,' or *S/ it is worth about 
three times its face value. Had it been 

of the date 1847 or 1848 it would have 
been worth anywhere from $65 to $90. 
The gold dollars of these years are par- 
ticularly rare and are much sought by 

The kindergarten class in Numis- 
matics knows, but it will be information 
for The Times' Query Editor for us to 
state, that no U. S. silver dollars have 
been coined dated between 1804 and 
1836; and that the first U. S. gold dol- 
lar for circulation was coined in and 
dated 1849, and that no 1849 gold dol- 
lars bear "S" mint mark. 

About every one New York way 
reads the New York Times, particularly 
the financial student and the Numis- 
matist, because it is not only a good 
news paper, but it presents about all 
the money and numismatic news worth 
while. Now, The Times' numismatic 
news does not come from its Inquiry 
Department, and it is very evident that 
the Inquiry Department does not get its 
coin value, etc., information fropi the 
wide-awake live numismatic authority 
that makes the "scoops" for its news 
columns. The Times' family shouKl 
have a re-union and get acquainted. 

Rare Sovereigns, Canadian Mint. 

The following dated Ottawa, Decem- 
ber 24th, was generally published in the 
Canadian press: 

"The English sovereigns which have 
lately been made at the Canadian branch 
of the Royal Mint from the Reddick 
mine in the Larder Lake gold field, arc 
being sold by the directors of the com- 
pany for $25 each. The face value is 
$4.86. The run was much smaller than 
was originally expected, and there arc 
less than 100 of the new coins in exist- 
ence. Of this number no more than 
50 or 60 are on the market, as several 
were purchased by the directors of the 
property at the last general meeting." 

Digitized by 


JANUARY, 1909 


IT. S. Coinage Executed at the Mints of the United States During 
the Calendar Year 1908. 

Denomination. Philadelphia. 

Double eagles $88,558,200.00 

Eagles 3,749,860.00 

Half-eagles 4,999,430.oo 

Quarter-eagles 1,412,642.50 

Total gold $98,720,132.50 

Half-dollars $677,272.50 

Quarter-dollars 1,058,136.25 

Dimes 1,060,054.50 

Total silver $2,795,463.25 

Five cents $1,134,308.85 

One cent 323,279.87 

Total minor $1,457,588.72 

Total coinage $102,973,184.47 























The first minor coinage at a Branch 
Mint appears in the i9oi8 report. The 
collecting of mint-mark cents and nick- 
els is now in order. The San Francisco 
Mint began the coining of cents towards 
the close of the year, which was herald- 
ed East in a news dispatch announcing 
the coining of "three-cent pieces." We 
have no reason to believe that the coin- 
ing of three-cent pieces is contemplated, 
and if it is, the first news of it will 
come from Washington. We are ad- 
vised that both the Denver and San 
Francisco mints will coin cents and 
nickels during 1909. The West, long 
prejudiced against "small change" has, 
with the development of the slot ma- 
chine, found use for what the East has 
never despised. As asked for by the 
Director of the Mint for the past few 
years, the expense of shipping minor 
coin across the continent will be saved. 
Uncle Sam should be glad to coin all the 
minor coin he can dispose of, as his 
profit is about eighty-five cents on the 
dollar on the good portion that never 
returns for redemption. 

Several metropolitan papers published 
the Mint report for December as if for 
the entire year of 1908. As only 650 
nickels were coined in December it 
looked as if 1908 was going to give us 
a rarity, and it would not be : "V nickels 
without cents," but with "1908." 

The coinage executed during Decem- 
ber included over 3,000,000 pieces for 
the Philippines, liberally distributed in 
I, 10 and 50 centavo pieces and pesos. 
The low price of silver and the uncer- 
tainty of its fluctuations have presented 
some perplexing problems in the circu- 
lating mediums of the Orient, and with 
which the Philippine peso plays its part. 
With silver flirting with the fifty-cent 
per ounce mark, the Mexican dollar, 
which is the leading factor in Oriental 
trade compilations, has been stationary 
at 45 cents during the past three 

Digitized by 




New York Collectors Organize for Numismatic Advancement, 
Social Entertainment and Good Fellowship. 

The role of the American Numismatic Association is something like the 
doctrine of the Irishman at the Donnybrook fair :— "Phwerever yez see a head, hit 
it"; that is to say— wherever the A. N. A. sees an opportunity of fostering numis- 
matic research or f ratemalism among collectors it attacks the task with the 
characteristic vigor which has made it, in eighteen years of successful existence, 
The National Numismatic organization of the United States, with active members 
all over the Union and Canada and in many foreign countries, and the parent 
of numerous thriving local numismatic societies. 

It has long been very near to the heart of the A. N. A. to see its New York 
membership draw closer together and profit by the extraordinarily favorable situa- 
tion of the Empire City with its wealth of Museums and splendid public and private 
collections; its libraries affording ready research, and its frequent coin sales, to 
know each other better and value each other's company more. 

The task until it was, a short time ago, taken boldly in hand, seemed well-nigh 
irrealizable, reluctance being felt in establishing a local numismatic body which 
should appear to contemplate a rivalry with existing institutions, especially as many 
advanced New York collectors are enthusiastic members of both numismatic 
organizations — National and Local. A happy solution has, however, been discovered 
in the inauguration of a New York Numismatic "Club"; pledged to no other 
function than that of bringing New York collectors together once a month regu- 
larly, and oftener particularly, in some convenient locality where a good dinner 
could be enjoyed together at moderate expense, and the conversation confined to 
the exchange of numismatic inspirations and the exhibition of specimens brought 
for the purpose. 

The first of these gatherings took place on the evening of December nth at 
Keen's Old English Chop House (formerly the Lamb's Club), at Thirty-sixth 
street and Sixth avenue, New York City. 

Invitations were issued in the name of the A. N. A. to comparatively few. as a 
full list of local collectors was not immediately obtainable, but an enthusiastic 
company gathered around the board, including E. H. Adams, Victor D. Brenner, 
Dr. Martin Burke, Thomas L. Elder, Albert R. Prey, Frank C. Higgins, Rudolph 
Kohler, Lyman H. Low, Herbert Niklewicz, E. Smith, C. H. Imhoff, David 
Proskey, Thomas A. Batterbury and Wayte Raymond. President Farran Zerbe 
and General Secretary Howland Wood, of the A. N. A., were present to aid in 
the deliberation of the new movement. For reasons given at the head of this 
article, it was unanimously agreed to "side step" all semblance of such a formation 
as would constitute partisanship with cither National or Local Numismatic bodies, 
or appearance of rivalry to either, but to organize a purely social assemblage 
pledged to meet once a month where all could have a pleasant evening together 
and be joined by members of either organization, and out-of-town numismatists 
temporarily in New York. 

It was deemed best to constitute a definitely organized bodv in order to have 
an official nucleus which could provide for the continued convenience and entertain- 
ment of the rest, augmenting the membership and preparing attractive numismatic 
programs for the diversion of all. 

The officers elected for the ensuing year were: President, Frank C. Higgins, 
S West 104th St., N. Y. ; Secretary, Herbert Niklewicz, 89 North Oxford street, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Treasurer, E. H. Adams, 240 West Forty-second street, N. Y. ; 
Committee, Dr. Martin Burke, 147 Lexington avenue, N. Y., and Albert R. Frey, 
1083 Lincoln Place, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

The choice of Keen's Chop House as a monthly meeting place was approved, 
not only because of its convenient location (close to Herald Square), and the 
quaint, old world character of the resort (copied from "Ye olde Cheshire Cheese" 
of London), peculiarly agreeable to the eye of an antiquarian, but because its 
hearty, well-served fare (a 'la carte), modest charges and the accommodations 
supplied make it the favored rendezvous of a host of College Alumni and learned 
fraternities which meet there at stated dates just as the N. Y. N. C. proposes to do. 

Digitized by 


JANUARY, 1909 



Mr. S. Hudson Chapman, as special 
representative of the Philadelphia 
branch of the Red Cross Society, left 
on the steamer Barbarossa Monday Jan- 
uary 4th, for Sicily, where he will ren- 
der such aid, as opportunities will offer, 
to the sufferers in the earthquake zone 
of Southern Italy. Mr. Chapman is no 
stranger in Sicily, the country is well 
known to him and is one of the most in- 
teresting of his subjects presented on 
the lecture platform. Specially equipped 
for the purpose, he expects, after an ab- 
sence of about six weeks to return with 
many photographs and interesting data 
obtained under his personal investiga- 
tions. Capable attendants in charge of 
Mr. Chapman's office will attend to the 
desires of his patrons while he is 

Lyman H. Low's forthcoming ar- 
rangement of Montreal Bouquet Sou 
Tokens, will exploit a novel pictorial 
grouping by which the various mulings 
of varieties are made graphically appar- 
ent with a sort of genealogical tree. The 
device is very clever and will be useful 
in making easy olher lines of study be- 
side that of Bouquet Sous. The cata- 
logue for Mr. Low's 137th sale, Jan- 
uary 19, includes four type plates show- 
ing his comprehensive treatment and 
easy attribution, and comparison with 
Breton's numbers. In this sale is offer- 
ed a Sou Token of an unpublished com- 
bination, which evidently has escaped 
the attention of the several other gen- 
tlemen specializing in this series. 

Among the notable specimens offered 
in Elder's 23rd sale. January i6th, are: 
Several rare Colonials, A. C. Bechtler 
$5, which has a record of $785; $2^/2 
and $5 Mormon ; many of the scarce 
dates in the silver series and an unusual 
lot of patterns, including the 1836 gold 

Various consignments containing 
many desirable specimens were sold Fri- 
day evening, January 15th, by Mr. Ben 
G. Green, of Chicago, in the rooms of 
the Chicago Numismatic Society. 

The first cablegram for the reserva- 
tion of numismatic advertising space in 
an American publication was received 
by The Numismatist some weeks ago 
from Messrs. Spink and Son's of Lon- 
don. Their announcement appears in 
this issue. 

How good coins find their way down 
into what was the "wild and woolly 
Southwest" and how "The Texas Deal- 
er" pleases both buyer and seller may 
be a question to some, but that does not 
remove the fact. 

The new A. N. A. Librarian acknowl- 
edges the receipt of a priced catalogue 
from Mr. Henry Chapman of his sale 
of December 14th, and reports in refer- 
ence. A sale full of many things to in- 
terest the many, and while there were 
no notable lots to attract the attendance 
of distant collectors, satisfying prices 
prevailed. Mr. Chapman's specific de- 
scripion of condition is noted in this 
catalogue. Among the lots were: 

136 1863 $5 Gold V. good $27.00 

263 1873 Silver & Minor, proof.. 7.85 
293 1904 Silver & Minor, proof... 7.25 
335 1858 Silver Dollar, abraded... 25.00 

383 1815 ^2-Dollar, Uncirc 18.50 

470 1795 Cent, Ex. fine 12.00 

477 1799 Cent, Good 21.50 

490 1804 Cent, Fine 15.50 

513 1813 Cent, Ex. fine 5.75 

The Librarian also acknowledges the 
receipt of a priced catalogue from \Ir. 
Lyman H. Low of his sale of December 
i6th. From lot 55 of this sale. The Ni'- 
MisMATisT expects to receive the A. B. 
C. of Chinese coinage. It was a cyclo- 
poedia of the coins of that country and 
was purchased by Mr. Frank C. Higgins 
who, as the apparent fortunate posses- 
sor of "perpetual youth" has undertaken 
the no easy proposition of mastering the 
Chinese language, and will use this cv- 
clopoedia as one of his text books. 
There was an unusually interesting lot 
of numismatic literature in this sale, and 
the atlending bidders evidently received 
some prizes. Sixteen lots, as many 
specimens, of English Crowns from Ed- 
ward VI to Edward VII sold for $160. 

Digitized by 




Largest and most active Numismatic 
Organization in the World. 

For particulars address the 

General Secretary, 

.•8 1 1 Mosher St., Baltimore, Md. 

Board of Officers. Board of Governors. 

FV f v"^^^""' n" ^t^'m ' w^T^' ^^' Howlaiid Wood, Chairman, 

rirst V.-Pres. — Dr. J. M. Henderson, ^t cx r» i i- \k 

Columbus, O. 93 Perry St., Brooklme Mass. 

Second V.-Pres.— P. O. Tremblay, H. O. Granberg, Oshkosh, Wis. 

Montreal, Can. ^ , , ^ 

General Secretary— Frank G. Duffield, W. A. Ashbrook, M. C, Johnstown, O. 

i8ii Mosher St., Baltimore, Md. t tj rion« Fon 

^urer-D. A. Williams, •'• J^^/v^r^n?.'; 
2907 Parkwood Ave., Baltimore, Md. ^^^^ V ermont 

Librarian — Prof. J. L. Zerbe, Tyrone, Pa. Henry Chapman, Philadelphia Pa. 

'■^^"^TFa^k^ooSTIa.tin.ore.Md. ' -4 VeWt Ave..Washi„gto„. D.C. 

District Secretaries. 

J. B. Chase, Jr., 13 Congress St., Boston, Mass., for New England States. 

Frank C. Higgins, 5 W. 104th St., New York City, for New York and 
New Jersey 

Joseph H. Geis, 1222 Hilton St., Phila., Pa., for Del., Md., Va., W. Va. 
and D. C. 

A. B. Coover, Chillicothe, O., for Mich., Ohio, Ind. and Ky. 

T. E. Leon, 350 W. 69th St., Chicago, 111., for Wis., 111., Minn., la., Mo., 
N. D., S. D., Neb. and Kan. 

Dr. F. A. Hassler, Santa Ana, Cal., for Western States. 

B. Max Mehl, Fort Worth, Texas, for Southern States. 

Dr. Eugene G. Courteau, St. Jacques, P. Q., for Eastern Canada. 
D. A. Woods, Gait, Ontario, for Ontario and Western Canada. 
S. H. Hamer, Halifax, Yorks, England, Foreign Secretary. 

Standing Committees. 

Publication — A. J. de Lagerberg, Passaic, N. J., Chrm.; Dr. B. P. Wright, 
H. Niklewicz. 

Finance — W. H. Woodin, New York City, Chrm.; James Ten Eyck, Henry 
C. Post. 

Library and Cabinet — Ben G. Green, Chicago, 111., Chrm.; B. H. Saxton, 
H. R. Newcomb. 

Special Committees. 

Constitution Revision — Howland Wood, Brookline, Mass., Chairman. 
Coinage Improvements — Thos. L. Elder, New York City, Chairman. 
A. N. A. Emblems — Howland Wood, Brookline, Mass., Chairman. 
Incorporation — Frank C. Higgins, New York City, Chairman. 
Portrait and Biography — A. B. Coover, Chillicothe, O., Chairman. 
Convention Exhibits — Dr. J. M. Henderson, Columbus, O., Chairman. 

1909 Convention — Montreal, midsummer. 
Official Bulletin— "The Numismatist." 

Digitized by 


JANUARY, 1909 23 


Applications for Membership. 

If no objections are received by the General Secretary prior to March i, 
1909, the following applicants will be declared elected to membership in the 
March report: 

Applicants. Proposed by 

Frank T. KeiflFer, E. Hallenbeck, 

1200 N. State St., Syracuse, N. Y A. R. Frey. 

Thomas A. Batterbury, Frank C. Higgins, 

252 8th Ave., New York, N. Y A. R. Frey. 

A. Flag Robson, Farran Zerbe, 
Penn Yan, N. Y Rowland Wood. 

D. E. Bateman, Farran Zerbe, 

Newton, 111 C. Freeman. 

Rev. Albert Aubert, R. W. McLachlan, 

Laval University, Quebec, P. Q., Can P. B. Murphy. 

J. P. Pittman, Burdette G. Johnson, 

Washington, Iowa Farran Zerbe. 

J. H. Mitchener, J. M. Henderson 

Washington C. H., Ohio R. T. King. 

Bert Ditzenberger, Farran Zerbe, 

R. R. 29, Zionsville, Ind Howland Wood. 

James S. Leslie, Farran Zerbe, 

Carbon Hill, Ala Howland Wood. 

B. C. Dake, J. B. Chase, Jr., 
Greenfield Center, N. Y Howland Wood. 

Richard Warren, Sr., Henry C. Post, 

57 Broadway, Grand Rapids, Mich •. Howland Wood. 

W. B. Tennant, R. W. McLachlan, 

td King St., St. John, N. B H. L. Doane. 

W. D. Jameson, F. G. Duffield, 

1714 Linden Ave., Baltimore, Md Howland Wood. 

Frank A. Baldwin, Henry C. Post, 

162 S. College Ave., Grand Rapids, Mich Howland Wood. 

Additions and Changes cf Address. 
Charles C. Konrad, Howland Speakman, 

New German Amer. Bank, Cor. Congress and Honore Sts., 

Oshkosh, Wis. .• , Chicago, 111. 

Erwin G. Ward, C. H. Windmiller, 

617 Armory St., 901 Main St., 

Springfield, Mass. Worcester. Mass. 

Baltimore, Md., Jan. 5, 1909. General Secretary. 

An Echo From the Sanctum. 

We believe that our old friends will appreciate the improvements that may be 
noted in this issue. It is not our purpose to refer to them more than to say that 
the special departments and new features that have been introduced are to be per- 
manent. We are aiming at quality in preference to quantity; when we elevate the 
quality to the desired standard, a greater quantity will then be a consideration. 
Without increasing the size of the publication, its reading matter space has been 
more than doubled by the increase in size of the page printed space and the estab- 
lishment of advertising rates of a fraction of the value of the service rendered, 
has not only increased the advertising revenue, but greatly economises on space to 
the profit of our readers. 

The Numismatist needs all the financial support it can command to approach 
its ideals; if you are an old subscriber, perhaps your subscription is due, prompt 
attention will be appreciated. If this issue is your first introduction, and you are 
pleased with it, may we not have your subscription promptly, it is $1.50 for the 
year, we promise you at least four hundred pages of authoritative numismatic 
knowledge and news. If you have any doubts about the quantity or quality, let us 
have your subscription, and later, if you are not agreeably surprised, just say so, 
and your money will be cheerfully returned. ^ 

Digitized by \^00QIC 



Members of the American Numismatic Association. 

Greeting: — In entering upon my second administration as your President, I 
hope to have a continuance of that loyal support which has made the past year 
a very pleasant one in my efforts to serve you. The successes of our Association 
during 1908 have been many and indicate the ways for even greater achievements. 
There is little to add, regarding, what 1908 has been to numismatics through the 
medium of the A. N. A., to the reports that have been published in the last two 
issues of The Numismatist. 

Much, important in results, may be expected through the continued zealous 
interest of the District Secretaries. They are particularly advised to frequently 
communicate with the General Secretary and The Numismatist, sending the 
names of eligible candidates to which literature may be sent. 

The improvements that may be expected in our Official Bulletin, The Numis- 
matist, promises to make it a great lever for the educational and entertaining 
advancement of numismatics in America. The distribution of sample copies will 
be liberal, if our members will keep the publishers supplied with addresses. 

The material for a far greater membership exists, and it is only by the indi- 
vidual effort of each and every member that we may hope to bring the benefits 
of the A. N. A. to the unidentified collector and student. As a reward for what 
your officers have done during the past year and what they expect to accomplish 
this year, there would be no more appreciated one than to know that every member 
assumes it as a pleasant duty to propose at least one new member during the next 
few months. Won't you do it? We have an honor roll for those who propose 
members and we want to make it a long one. 

One of the most effective ways of increasing interest and a greater appreciation 
for our subject is in having The Numismatist on file in the Public Libraries. If 
your home town library does not receive our publication, no doubt they would if 
they were solicited to subscribe; and I am quite sure the presentation of a sub- 
scription for one year would be appreciated by any library, and a contribution to 
the good work of the A. N. A. and lead to the library becoming a permanent 

The following Standing Committees are appointed for 1909: 

Publication — ^A. Julius de Lagerberg, Passaic, N. J., Chairman ; Dr. B. P. 
Wright, Herbert Niklewicz. 

Finance — W. H. Woodin, New York City, Chairman ; James Ten Eyck, Henr>' 
C. Post. 

Library and Cabinet — Ben G. Green, Chicago, III., Chairman ; B. H. Saxton, 
H. R. Newcomb. 

It is hoped that the new committees will find interest in aiding their respective 
departments, all essential for our success. 

The Special Committees, continued or appointed at the last convention, should 
confer at once and prosecute the object of their appointment so that good results 
may be forthcoming for report at the next convention. 

In cementing the interest of member to member, much of which is now 
limited to correspondence, it has been proposed that an album of portraits and 
brief biographies of all members be prepared, to be preserved in the archives of the 
Association, and to be at each convention. Mr. A. B. Coover, of Chillicothe, Ohio, 
is appointed chief, for this work with the power to select aids if desired, and our 
members are asked to co-operate with Mr. Coover's efforts for a complete portrait 

The need of suitable provision for the display and safety of specimens exhibited 
at conventions has been manifested. It is believed that at no great expense porta- 
ble and light, yet secure, trays or cases can be produced. A method being 
considered, is to have the frames or wooden parts of a uniform standard glass 
size, say 20 x 24 inches, the glass removable, and to be provided by renting its use 
at each place of convention. The cases or trays to be the permanent property 
of the Association, and to be shipped to each convention point. Dr. J. M. Hender- 
son, of Columbus, Ohio, who has volunteered an interest in this proposal is 
appointed chief for the purpose and to select his own aids. Suggestions for that 
which will be economical and portable, and practical for the purpose will be appre- 
ciated by Dr. Henderson. 

Don't forget you are to propose at least one new member and now would be 
the best time to do it. 

All good wishes to you for the New Year. 

Farran Zerbe, President. 

Tyrone, Pa., Jan, i. 1909. /^/iiii/^ 

^ Digitized by \^0(J^lt: 

JANUARY, 1909 25 


The new General Secretary takes this opportunity to express his thanks to the 
members of the Association for the honor conferred upon him by the Philadelphia 
Convention. He realizes that the duties of the office will require much of his time, 
but this will be cheerfully given. He also believes the work will be such that he 
will find pleasure in it, or he would not have accepted the office. He also believes 
that the office has been conducted by Mr. Wood during the past four years in such 
a manner that a continuance along much the same lines is desired by the members. 

The new membership cards will be sent to all whose dues are paid to December 
31, 1909. Owing to the new arrangement, all the dues of the Association will 
hereafter pass through the hands of the General Secretary, and this, with the 
issuing of the membership cards, will make additional work for his office. Members 
can greatly lessen this by promptly paying their dues without waiting to be notified 
by the General Secretary. 

It has been thought best by the President and General Secretary to change 
the name of "Local Secretaries" to "District Secretaries." The term "Local 
Secretary" has often been misinterpreted as meaning secretary for the immediate 
vicinity where the Local Secretary is located, and a more comprehensive term is 
preferred. The District Secretaries are requested to correspond frequently with 
the General Secretary regarding the work in their districts. Since their office was 
created, they have proved of great benefit to the Association in adding new 
members and in assisting the General Secretary with his work. The continuance 
of this good service is particularly desired and will be greatly appreciated. 

The contemplated improvement in the Official Bulletin of the Association, 
The Numismatist, will, no doubt, mean much for the good of the Association. 
The increase in the yearly dues will not only provide additional revenue for the 
growing expenses of the Association, but the increased payments to the publisher 
for furnishing the magazine will enable him to issue a publication of far better 
quality than we have heretofore received. 

Most of the clerical and routine work of the Association is conducted through 
the offices of the General Secretary and the Treasurer. The location of these 
offices in the same city will greatly facilitate this work, as it allows these officers 
to frequently confer regarding their duties. 

The Association hopes to be able to organize local societies in some of the 
larger cities, and probably State societies in other localities. Interest in our work 
is stimulated by such organizations, where our members can frequently get 
together, discuss numismatic questions, exhibit specimens, etc. All cities having 
half a dozen or more members should have its local society. 

The coming year should be one of increased activitv and interest in Association 
circles. To bring this about the co-operation of all will be necessary. The burden 
of Association work should not be placed entirely upon those whom the members 
have entrusted with the administration of its affairs. They will do their share; 
but every member should feel that a portion of the work belongs to him. Interest 
may be shown by sending in applications for membership, by contributing papers 
on numismatic or Association subjects to our Official Bulletin, or by attending the 
annual conventions. 

The increased attendance at the Columbus and Philadelphia conventions is 
evidence that our members are realizing more than ever the advantages of personal 
acquaintance with other collectors, and also the benefits from affiliation with an 
international association. During the coming year it will be the purpose to increase 
these advantages and to further stimulate interest in Association affairs bv those 
who confine their activities to the payment of dues and reading the Official Bulletin. 
The majority of this class of members are not lacking in enthusiasm for the 
science of numismatics. We include many who will travel a long distance to 
attend a sale of choice coins, but who, apparently, overlook the date and place of 
our annual conventions* Make your arrangements to be present at the Montreal 
Convention. The date will be announced as early as possible. It will do you good. 

At the convention, the General Secretary hopes to be able to report a greatly 
increased membership. And it can be done with your help. 

Frank G. Duffield, 
General Secretary. 

Digitized by 








.'Vddress all communications lo the 
Secretary, 89 North Oxford Street, 
Brooklyji, N. Y. 

Meets Second Friday of each month, 

7 P. M., at Keen's Chop House, 36th 

Street and 6th Avenue. 

The second meeting of the N. Y. N. 
C. held Friday evening, January 8, was 
well attended and replete with instruc- 
tive discussions and interesting exhibits. 
Mr. William Jerrems, Jr., of Chicago, 
first president of the A. N. A., was 
elected an honorary member, following 
the reading of an interesting letter from 
him. Among other communications was 
one from Mr. A. J. de Lagerberg, of 
Passaic, N. J., expressing his interest in 
the new organization. 

Discussions : The unsatisfactory con- 
dition and display of ancient coins in 
museums, by Doctor Burke. Mr. Hig- 
gins dwelt upon the mechanical improve- 
ment in coinage with the introduction 
of steam power, with references to the 
coining operations in England by 
Mathew Bolton at Birmingham and Bol- 
ton and Watts at Soho, the latter plant 
after a long existance falling into the 
hands of unscrupulous persons who 
"muled" many dies. Washington and 
Lafayette buttons not being for military 
purposes were expressed theories by Mr. 
Low and Mr. Adams. "Bungtown" cop- 
pers was another subject by Mr. Hig- 
gins, who said many were made at 
Belleville, N. J., and that the Bungtown 
of the period, was what is now a part 
of North Philadelphia. "Ships, Colo- 
nies and Commerce" pieces was a sub- 
ject by Mr. Low. The absence of an 
expressed monetary value on the early 
Roman coins, many European emissions, 
and American "Colonials" was presented 
with many references by Mr. Frey. 

There were many interesting speci- 
mens exhibited, many of which contrib- 
uted to illustrating the discussions. 

156 Street, West Broadway, New 
York City. 


Corresponding Secretary, 

Meets Third Monday of each month, 
November to May, inclusive. 

The regular meeting held Monday 
evening, December 21, was graced with 
a good attendance. Following the trans- 
action of business matters, a carefully 
prepared and highly interesting and in- 
structive paper was read by Mr. A. 
Julius de Lagerberg, a member of the 
Society who resides in Passaic, N. J. 
Mr. de Lagerberg took for his subject, 
"A Theory as to the Origin of the 
Three Crowns." This paper will be 
published in the "Amcricon Journal of 

Pertinent discussions and the viewing 
of late acquisitions to the Society's col- 
lection, which now approaches 45,000 va- 
rieties followed the formal meeting. 

At the fifty-first annual meeting of the 
Society, Monday evening, January 18, 
President Huntingdon will deliver his 
annual address and tlie annual reports of 
officers and committees will be received. 

Thomas L. Elder has been appointed 
a Corresponding Member of the British 
Numismatic Society, and will report to 
that organization the numismatic hap- 
penings in America. 

Digitized by 


JANUARY, 1909 



ic. a word. Minimum Account, 25c. 
Remit with order. 


Gold coins, all old U. S. and pioneer. 
I have rare pioneer gold for sale. F. 
B. Merrill, 100 State St., Chicago, 
111. 9-6 

Old pistols of the United States and 
foreign countries. O. J. Bierly, 
6710 Frankstown Ave., Pittsburgh, 
Pa. 12-3 

To correspond with anyone having 
"Bryan money" for sale. J. B. 
Chase, Jr., 13 Congress St., Boston, 
Mass. 9 

Greek copper coins or any book relat- 
ing to Greek coinage, wanted for 
cash. Wm. Jerrems, Jr., 214 Clark 
St., Chicago, 111. 1-4 

Mail auction catalogues of rare U. S. 
coins from reliable coin dealers. J. 

P. Pittman, Numismatist, Washington, 
Iowa. I 

Rare coins over one hundred years 
old, post free for six cents. Louis 
Bohn, Jr., Coe Block, Grafton Sta- 
tion, Pittsburgh, Pa. lotf 


Duplicate U. S. cents from my collec- 
tion for sale cheap. W. N. Yates, 
Mt. Airy, Philadelphia, Pa. 10 

Many Hard Times Tokens in desirable 
condition for sale. Carl Wurtzbach, 
Lee, Mass. 1-4 

If you are interested in coijis (irop a 
card and pet a catalogue, soon ready. 
Thousands of coins, many rare 
specimens. William A. Ashbrook, 
Johnstown, Ohio. i 

Foreign Copper Coins for Sale 

A splendid opportunity for beginners 
to obtain at small cost a magnificent foun- 
dation on which to build up a collection. 

Write for list 


1742 Garfield Blvd. CHICAGO, ILL. 

Choice Knfi^liHh TokenH 5c. up. 
Ancient Roman 3c. to %*i. 
Trade Check, aHsorted, 60c. per 100. 
Nickle CentH, Mexico, 50 for $1.25. 
Brilliant Proof Hintorlcal Medal, (85 

Figures) 20c. Bob Evans Fleet Medal. 

Coins up to 915, and Stamps in Wholesale 

L4>ts at less than Dealers* Prices. 


Likely to Cause a "Noon Rush." 

It happened right at the start of the 
Low sale of December i6th. Auctioneer 
Kennedy had hardly advanced further 
than the fifth or sixth lot when a tall, 
lanky granger irrupted into the Low 
sanctum where the eager coin-bugs were 
congregated, and called to the host, 
"Say, Mister, I've got a gold coin here 1 
think is a rare one, what'll you give for 

"My friend," replied the suave veteran 
of the Civil War and many hotly con- 
tested coin sales, "this is a Kruger half 
pond of 1892 with a piece chipped off 
the side and defective whiskers, so I 
can only offer you two dollars and twen- 
ty cents for it/' Somewhere in the rear 
a stentorian voice called out: "Young 
man, you'd better come back here in two 
hours or so, you missed a lot by not 
coming at twelve o'clock, he buys coins 
by time." Then the crowd noticed that 
the clock stood at precisely two-twenty. 
The youth escaped in the midst of the 
laugh that followed. "Dave" Proskey 
spoiled a clever comedian in the making 
of a coin expert. — H. 

A. P. S. Fine Year Book. 

The 1908 Year Book of the American 
Philatelic Society, 8 vo. 236 pages, is, 
we believe, the most complete and fin- 
ished publication ever issued in America 
relating to a collecting pursuit. The 
publication was under the direction of 
the A. P. S.'s Secretary, Mr. Harry S. 
Adair, of Columbus, Ohio, and who is a 
member of tlic A. N. A. In addition to 
the roster, and complete report of the 
Society, the 1908 convention is reported 
in full, including the address delivered 
by the President of the A. N. A., with 
page portrait. The opportunity to ad- 
dress the convention and the space given 
to it in the Year Book are appreciated 
publicity factors for the subject of nu- 

Small Change. 

Skinner sent his son to college, 
But now he cries, "Alack ! 
I spent five thousand dollars, 
And got a quarter-back." 

Money talks, but it never gives itself 

Digitized by 



The World's Highest Priced Coin 


For S6.200.00 







1 have a very fine stock of Coins and Medals of every period in 

Gold, Silver and Copper, and will send liberal parcels on approval and 

selection to responsible collectors who furnish satisfactory references, on 

their making known their wants with the information as to the state of 

^ preservation desired. 

K Exceptionally fine and rare examples for the most exacting connoisseur 

^ Collections of coins catalogued in an expert manner for sale by 

auction either in Philadelphia or New York. Have held the greatest 
h sale in this Country — The Stickley Collection sold for $37,859.21 — 
f obtaining the 

COIN $6,200.00 

Collections or single specimens bought for cash and liberal prices 

Paper Money of every description bought and sold. Numismatic 

IMPORTANT: My next Auction Sale early in February, the 
Collection of Coins of Henry Metzger, Esq. of Williamsport, Pa. 


The 1804 
U. S. Coin 

Sold by 




Digitized by ^^OOQ IC 

JANUARY. 1909 



Questions that suggest answers that 
will be general information are so- 

A. W. — I would like to kno\v regard- 
ing the U. S. $4 gold piece called a 
"stella" and what led to its issue and in- 
tended purpose? Also the so-called 
Goloid dollars? 

All of these coins were experimental 
issues of the United States Mint and 
represent the plan of Dr. W. W. Hub- 
bell, of Pennsylvania, who wanted the 
Government to adopt as a metal for 
coinage a combination of gold, silver 
and copper in such proportions that each 
coin would contain its intrinsic value in 
gold and silver. His idea was to dis- 
courage the use of United States coins 
for purposes of manufacture by making 
the cost of parting the metals unprofita- 
ble. At the same time these coins were 
made after the metrical system of 
weights and measures. The gold coin, 
or Stella, was designed by Dr. Hubbell 
to meet the requirements of a suggested 
coin that would be intercliangeable with 
Austria at a value approximate to that 
of the eight florin piece, which had an 
intrinsic value of about $S.SS. — E. H. A. 

J. H.— What is the total wealth of the 
United States, and how does it compare 
with the weahh of England and other 
countries ? 

The estimated total wealth of the 
United States is nearly twice that of 
England. According to the latest esti- 
mates obtainable the rating is as fol- 
lows : 

United States, $116,000,000,000; Great 
Britain and Ireland, $62,200,000,000; 
France, $42,800,000,000; Germany, $42,- 
000,000,000 ; Russia, $35,000,000,000 ; 
Austria- Hungary, $20,000,000,000. 

R. A. — What is known regarding the 
1873 Standard Dollar' with S. mint 
mark? What Is meant by "Standard?" 

The official records that Standard dol- 
lars were coined at the San Francisco 
Mint in 1873 is the only evidence we 
have in the belief that such coins were 
made. An industrious inquiry by Mr. 
Augustus G. Heaton, the mint mark au- 
thority, has failed to bring to light a 
specimen of this description. The word 
"Standard" used in connection with the 
silver dollar is to distinguish it from 
the Trade Dollar, and to designate it a 
standard coin. 

Toledo Stamps Company 

408 Si. Clair Butldtn^, 



Removal Sale Bar gains 

Preparat6ry to removal my stock of coins and 
stamps are offered at prices regardless of cost. 

BaKaiii OflVriiiffH : Value Price 

95 Var. Fine Copper Coins . . $1.00 $ .40 
50 ** Copper and Nickel Coins 

$a.ooto$3.oo $1.15 
100 •• Copper, Nickel and Silver 

Coins . . . $3.00 to $5.00 ^a.xo 
xo " Medals, good . $1.00 to $3.00 $1.00 
35 ** U. S. Copper Cents . . $1.50 $ .85 
Entire Stock of Coins, Medals, Paper Money, 
Stamps and Rare Books at Removal Prices, 
sent on approval to interested parties. Orders 
under $1 postage extra. Address : 


702 Duir Street, PITTSBURG, PA. 

after March ist, to 
Coo Block, Crafton Station PittHbur^:, Pa. 

Better than a promising young man, a 
paying one. 

I Lyman H Low^ < 

I 14 £• 23rd St New York City h 




Monthly Public Atsction Sales S 

^ Collections and Consignments Solicited S 

3 Your name on my Distribution List— to S 
^ receive Catalogues -Without Charge or |C 
6 Obligation. S 


Fine Greek and Roman Colnn 


Catalogs on Application 

Important auction sales every year, for 
I which are issued imjwrtant calalogs with great 
number of plates and price list. 

Catalojftie No. \III of the |*freateKt 
Hale of Cireek C'oinn in May, VJO'\ contain- 
1 ing UV27 lots exactly described and imiexecl.wilh 
.V< plates and price list $1. 




Digitized by 




For Sale 

U. S. Halves and Dollars 


comprising one for each year coined 
from 1794 to 1908 inclusive, except 
1796 and 1797. From J869 to 1908 
all are fine proofs. I also have 
duplicates of sixty-seven date^. 

Also an equally fine collection of 
U. S. dollars, rontaining one for 
each year, coined from 1795 to 
1904, excepting 1804, iSsr, iSsa, 
1858. All are fine proofs from 
1862 to 1904 except 1878 This in- 
cludes the Gobrecht dollar of 1836 
in very good condition. I have 
twenty-five duplicates. Will sell 
single coins from duplicates, but 
prefer to sell complete sets to- 
gether. Address 


Denver National Bank, ^ 


France Profits by Aluminum Coinage. 

The French Treasury stands to bene- 
fit considerably by the proposed intro- 
duction of $12,600,000 worth of alumi- 
num five and ten centime pieces. They 
will cost the State $2,411,250. 

For the 348,750,000 new ten centime 
pieces and the 562,500.000 five centime 
pieces over 2,062 tons of aluminum will 
be needed. The price of the metal is 
now about 50 cents a pound. The mint- 
ing will absorb about $240,000, but the 
apparent profit will be much reduced by 
the calling in of the old copper coins to 
the estimated extent of over $10,000,000. 
so that the net profit on the operation 
will not exceed $140,000. 

The size of the coins will remain the 
same, but the weight will be materially 
less. The transaction at the same time 
does away with the old copper coins 
bearing the effigy of Napoleon III, 
which under the Third Repubhc re- 
mained legal tender, although the ma- 
jority had become very much the worse 
for wear. To replace these in copper 
or brass would have been a much cost- 
lier process.— Foreign Correspondent 
Xezv York Times. 

Have You Received 




Selections in stock outside of Sale and received since 
catalogue was issued, sent on approval by request from those 
known to me or who give satisfactory references. Always 
state condition wanted. 




Digitized by 


JANUARY, 1909 



DIWER 6l company 

136 East Linden Avenue 


Lonii Distance 'Phone: 1190 North 

Confederate Treasury Notes, Confederate Bonds, Broken Bank Notes, 
State Notes and Shinplasters, Confederate Postage Stamps, U. S. Frac- 
tional Currency, Continental and Colonial Currency, Rare U. S. Gold, 
Silver and Copper Coins, Bills of Sale of Slaves, Miscellaneous Curiosities. 

U. S. Gold $2i piece $ 3 So 

U. S. Gold $3 piece 6.oo 

U.' S. Gold $10 St. Gaudens 
coinage, 1907, uncirculated. 15.00 

U. S. Gold $20 1907, uncircu- 
lated 35.00 

U. S. Gold $20 1908, uncircu- 
lated 25.00 

U. S. Gold $1.00 Lewis and 
Clark 1905 3.00 

U. S. $1.00 St. Louis, 1903, 
uncir 3.25 

U. S. Gold Pioneer Gold $10 
(fine) Augustus Humbert, 
1852 35.00 

Mexican Gold $1.00 pieces... 2.00 

U. S. Gold $1.00 pieces 300 

California Gold, either round 

or octagonal $i size charms .30 
California Gold, either round 

or octagonal $^ size charms .60 

U. S. 2c. Copper Coins 10 

" 3c. Silver " 15 

" 3c. Nickel " 10 

" 5c. V Nickel " without 

the word cents 15 

Confederate State Postage 
Stamps unused, set of (4) 
2c., 5c., IOC, 20C 50 

Herald, April 15th, 1865, full 
account of assassination of 
Lincoln i .co 

Ancient Greek and Roman 
Coins, 25c. each, 5 different 
kinds i.oo 

Chinese Copper Coins, 2 vari- 
eties 10 

U. S. ic. pieces 20c. each, 5 

different varieties i.oo 

Philippine ic U. S. new 25 

Holland ic. piece, new 20 

Panama 2 Jc. silver coin 25 

U. S. 20C. piece 50 

U. S. Isabella 25c. coined for 
Woman's Board World's 

Fair, Chicago r.oo 

World's Columbian Half Dol- 

*lars, uncirculated 7=; 

Lafayette Dollars 2.50 

U. S. Trade Dollars 1.50 

Confederate State notes, com- 
plete 1894, 50c., $1, $2, $5, 

$10, $20, $50, $100, $500 2.00 

State of Tennessee $1,000 
bond, full coupons, all 

signed 2.50 

Cape of Good Hope Bank 

Notes, 5 shillings sterling. . .50 
Broken Bank Notes, 10 varie- 
ties, nice collection i.oo 

C. S, A. State Notes, 10 vari- 
eties, nice collection i.oo 

C. S. A. States Notes, 25 vari- 
eties, fine collection ' 2.00 

State Bank of Augusta, 4 
notes to Sheet, range in 
value $1.00 to $20.00, per 

sheet 50 

Old Japanese Paper money, 

15c. per note, two for 25 

Idaho Territory Bonds, $100 

to $1000 2.50 

Idaho Territory Warrants... .50 

Arkansas State Bonds 2.50 

Louisiana State Bonds 2.50 

Jefferson Davis Badges, 
Macon Reunion, U. C. V., 
Oct. 26, 1887 25 

Digitized by 




"United States Paper 

InclDding Fraaional Currency 


Coinage of all U. S. Mints 
Since their Organization 

A riMiulIm by 


I 12 Highland Ave., JERSEY CITY. N. J. 



Established 1863 

Charles K. Warner 

Fine American medals and Nedalets 

In Gilt, Bronze and White Metal, Commem- 
orative of Historical Events that have taken 
place in the United States. 

My Catalogue for the asking. 

1115 Nt. Vernon St., PhliadeHihla,Pa. 

Lost His "Widow's Mite." 

"George Fan joy, a Civil War veteran 
and sportsman's guide, was the victim 
of a mean trick recently by which ^ he 
was deprived of a coin known as 'the 
widow's mite,' of which there are but 
few in the world, and which Fanjoy 
valued highly. 

"Fanjoy, who is watchman for the 
South Shore Yacht Club during the 
Fall and Winter, was exhibiting the 
widow's mite, together with a number of 
others which he has collected, to two 
men at the yacht club house. The vet- 
eran's wife called while the men had 
the coins, looking them over. When 
Fanjoy returned, after a few moments, 
the two men had disappeared, leaving 
tlie collection of coins on a table, but 
the widow's mite was missing. Fanjoy 
made a careful search, but failed to find 
the coin. He has notified all the large 
collection agencies throughout the 
United States to be on the lookout for 
the coin. 

"He refused large sums of money for 
the treasure." 

This from a recent issue of the 
Brookhn pAiglc, a special "from r>ec- 
port, L. I., is a sample of the frequent 
humorous things to Numismatists found 
in the daily press. A good specimen of 
the so-called "widow's mite" may be 
purchased for a trifle in comparison 
with the importance given this "great 

Precious Metals Produced in 1908. 

The world's total gold output in 1908 
was $427,000,000, against $410,555,000 in 
1907, according to the preliminary esti- 
mate of Director of the Mint Leach. 
Gold production in the United States ag- 
gregated $96,313,256, an increase of al- 
most $6,000,000. Silver aggregated 51,- 
798,053 fine ounces, a net decrease of 
4,700,000 ounces from the previous year. 
Africa yielded $165,000,000, an increase 
of over $13,000,000. Alaska, California, 
Colorado and South Dakota showed in- 
creases reaching altogether over $10,- 
500,000. Decreases in Utah of 3,500,000 
ounces. Colorado of 1,250,000, and Ida- 
ho of 1,500,000 were notable in the sil- 
ver output. 

The injunctions against smelters on 
account of objectionable fumes caused 
quite a shrinkage in the output of both 
gold and silver in Utah, and the labor 
troubles early in the year had a similar 
effect on the yield of Nevada. The 
shrinkage in these States, with the losses 
in some of the less important producing 
sections, cut down the increase for the 
entire United States to about six million 


Quite recently I have acqinred a splendid 
collection of tebradrachms of Alexander the 
Great, numbering 300 pieces. These were dug 
up within the present year at Demanhur, near 
Alexandria, Egypt. They are the choice from 
a lot of 2,000 just imported to America, and all 
of which, excepting tnese 300, have been sold. 
This find I have regarded of so great archaeological 
and numismatic importance that I have had six 
splendid plates made of the pieces (100 in each 
plate) showing both obverses and revenes. 




I otfer these superb coins, each piece numbered 
on the plates, for $5 each. A set of the six plates 
will be sent free with each order. The plates will 
be suitable for framing or wall decoration. The 
Alexander tetradrachms on account of their 
vigorous style and high relief show up splendidly 
in plates. Order now and get the finest specimens 
in the collection. 

32 E. 23rd St. N. Y. CITY 

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