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Full text of "Occasional papers of the California Academy of Sciences"

OCCASIONAL PAPERS 
OF THE 

CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES 



No. 147, 94 pages. 



December 2, 1991 



GENUS-GROUP NAMES OF THE 
NEUROPTERA, MEGALOPTERA AND RAPHIDIOPTERA 

OF THE WORLD 



By 

John D. Oswald 



Department of Entomology, Cornell University, 
Ithaca, New York 14853-0999 

and 
Norman D. Penny 

Department of Entomology, California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco, California 94118-4599 




Abstract: Alphabetical listings of the genus-group names of extant Megaluptcra, Raphidioptera, and 
Neuroptera (s. str. = Planipennia) are presented. Taxonomic and nomenclatural data for each name are given. 
Summaries of new genus-group synonyms, unreplaced junior homonyms, names without valid type species 
fixations, and names based on misidentified type species are given. Complete bibliographic references are 
given for all names and nomenclatural acts. 



Contents 

Inlroduciion (1) 

Scope (2) 

Nomenclature (2) 

Arrangement and Format of Entries (2) 

General Arrangement (2) 

Subgenera (2) 

Synonymy (2) 

Character Formals (3) 

Publication Dates (3) 

Type Species (3) 

Unavailable Names (3) 

Homonymy (4) 

Family-Group Taxa (4) 

Selected Taxonomic References (5) 

Preparation of the Catalog (5) 

Acknowledgments (6) 

Genus-Group Names of the Order Neuroptera (6) 

Genus-Group Names of the Order Megaloptera (60) 

Genus-Group Names of the Order Raphidioptera (63) 

Annotated Bibliography (67) 



Current address: NHB 165, Department of Entomology, 
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C. 20560 



Introduction 

The last worldwide species-level catalog of 
the order Neuroptera (s. str. = Planipennia), 
Hermann Hagen's 1866 Hemerobidarum Syn- 
opsis Synonymica, has long been obsolete, as 
are the most recent comprehensive revisions 
of the orders Megaloptera (i.e.. Van dcr 
Weele 1910) and Raphidioptera (i.e., Navas 
[1919e] 1918). In the 120+ years since 1866, 
the number of nomenclaturally available 
genus-group names in the order Neuroptera 
has increased from approximately 95 to 
nearly 1,000. In the same period, the number 
of described, biologically valid, neuroptcran 
species has grown from about 750 (Hagen 
1866) to an estimated 4,000 (Aspock, 
Aspock, and Holzel 1980; Henry 1982), 
while the number of nomenclaturally avail- 
able species-group names currently stands al 



[1] 



OCCASIONAL PAPERS 
OF THE 

CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES 



No. 147, 94 pages. 



December 2, 1991 



GENUS-GROUP NAMES OF THE 
NEUROPTERA, MEGALOPTERA AND RAPHIDIOPTERA 

OF THE WORLD 



By 

John D. Oswald 



Department of Entomology, Cornell University, 
Ithaca, New York 14853-0999 

and 
Norman D. Penny 

Department of Entomology, California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco, California 94118-4599 




Abstract: Alphabetical listings of the genus-group names of extant Megaloptera, Kaphidioptera, and 
Neuroptera (s. str. = Planipennia) are presented. Taxonomic and nomenclatural data for each name are given. 
Summaries of new genus-group synonyms, unreplaccd Junior homonyms, names without valid type species 
fixations, and names based on misidentified type species are given. Complete bibliographic references are 
given for all names and nomenclatural acts. 



Contents 

Introduction (1) 

Scope (2) 

Nomenclature (2) 

Arrangement and Format of Entries (2) 

General Arrangement (2) 

Subgenera (2) 

Synonymy (2) 

Character Formats (3) 

Publication Dates (3) 

Type Species (3) 

Unavailable Names (3) 

Homonymy (4) 

Family-Group Taxa (4) 

Selected Taxonomic References (5) 

Preparation of the Catalog (5) 

Acknowledgments (6) 

Genus-Group Names of the Order Neuroptera (6) 

Genus-Group Names of the Order Megaloptera (60) 

Genus-Group Names of the Order Raphidioptera (63) 

Annotated Bibliography (67) 



Current address: NHB 165, Department of Entomology, 
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C. 20560 



Introduction 

The last worldwide species-level catalog of 
the order Neuroptera (s. str. = Planipennia), 
Hermann Hagen's 1866 Hemerobidarum Syn- 
opsis Synonymica, has long been obsolete, as 
are the most recent comprehensive revisions 
of the orders Megaloptera (i.e.. Van der 
Weele 1910) and Raphidioptera (i.e., Navas 
[1919e] 1918). In the 120+ years since 1866, 
the number of nomenclaturally available 
genus-group names in the order Neuroptera 
has increased from approximately 95 to 
nearly 1,000. In the same period, the number 
of described, biologically valid, neuropteran 
species has grown from about 750 (Hagcn 
1866) to an estimated 4,000 (Aspock, 
Aspock, and Holzel 1980; Henry 1982), 
while the number of nomenclaturally avail- 
able species-group names currently stands at 



OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, No. 147 



perhaps twice this number. Similar propor- 
tional growth has occurred in the numbers of 
genus- and species-group names associated 
with the smaller orders Megaloptera and 
Raphidioptera. 

Although several regional species-level 
catalogs have recently been published 
(Aspock, Aspock, and Holzel 1980 [Europe]; 
Ghosh and Sen 1977 [India]; Penny [1978] 
1977 [South America]), the lack of a modern 
worldwide reference containing basic taxo- 
nomic and nomenclatural information has 
hindered progress in the taxonomic and phy- 
logenetic study of the neuropteroid orders. 
We offer here a comprehensive catalog of the 
genus-group names of these orders. It is our 
hope that it will provide a solid foundation 
for future species-level cataloging with a 
worldwide scope. 

In this work we have followed the current 
trend among taxonomic specialists in treating 
the Megaloptera, Raphidioptera, and Neu- 
roptera (collectively, Neuropteroidea s. str.) 
as ordinal in rank, and restricting use of the 
name Neuroptera to the lacewings and their 
planipennian allies. However, in recognition 
of the monophyly of the Neuropteroidea s. 
str. (Achtelig and Kristensen 1973; Mickoleit 
1973; Achtelig 1975; Boudreaux 1979; Hen- 
nig 1981; Kristensen 1981) and the long his- 
torical association of its three major 
component lineages, we present here a uni- 
fied treatment of the three orders. 

Scope. — The genus-group names of extant 
animals currently placed in the orders Neu- 
roptera, Megaloptera, and Raphidioptera are 
listed. The following classes of genus-group 
names are explicitly excluded: (1) those not 
currently placed in the orders Neuroptera, 
Megaloptera, or Raphidioptera, (2) those of 
fossil Neuropteroidea s. str., and (3) those 
that have not appeared in the published liter- 
ature (e.g., collection label names, manu- 
script names). 

The following reference works have been 
thoroughly searched for relevant names: 
Agassiz ([1842-1847] 1842-1846), Hagen 
(1866), Neave (1939-1975), and The Zoolog- 
ical Record (1864-1989/90 = volumes 1- 
126). Examination of the primary literature 
and recent issues of Abstracts of Entomol- 
ogy, and correspondence with colleagues, 



have revealed additional names. Recently 
published names have been included through 
early 1991. 

Nomenclature. — The third edition of the 
International Code of Zoological Nomencla- 
ture (International Commission on Zoologi- 
cal Nomenclature 1985) has been applied 
throughout to questions of nomenclature. In 
the text, the International Code of Zoological 
Nomenclature is usually cited as the "Code," 
or cited directly by its articles, e.g., "Article 
69a(v)." Similarly, the International Com- 
mission on Zoological Nomenclature is nor- 
mally cited as the "ICZN" or the 
"Commission." 

Arrangement and Format of Entries 

General Arrangement. — The catalog is 
divided into three lists of names, which cor- 
respond to the three orders. Names are in al- 
phabetical order; entries are either "main" or 
"see." Primary catalog data (i.e., biblio- 
graphic citations, type species, etc.) are 
given in "main" entries. Main entries of valid 
subgenera and unavailable and invalid syn- 
onyms are cross-referenced by "see" entries. 

Subgenera. — Main entries of valid sub- 
genera are listed chronologically below the 
appropriate generic name. To avoid duplica- 
tion, nominotypical subgenera (e.g., 
Chrysopa {Chrysopa)) are not accorded sep- 
arate entries. 

Synonomy. — Objective and subjective 
synonymies are presented. Main entries of 
unavailable and/or invalid synonyms are 
grouped chronologically under their valid ge- 
neric or subgeneric names. References docu- 
ment subjective synonymies; however, no 
attempt has been made to determine the first 
paper in which any particular subjective syn- 
onymy was proposed. Where possible, cita- 
tion preference has been given to a recent 
revisionary work. 

The following new generic synonyms are 
proposed (junior synonyms listed first): 
Centrolysmus Navas = Thyridosmylus Kriiger 
(Osmylidae), Monorobius Makarkin = Heme- 
robius (Hemerobius), Linnaeus (Heme- 
robiidae). 



OSWALD AND PENNY: NEUROPTERA, MEGALOPTERA. AND RAPHIDIOPTERA 



Character Formats. — Within the main 
alphabetical sequences and synonymical list- 
ings, the following type styles and symbols 
are used to indicate the nomenclatural status 
of each name: 

Available valid names: bold non-italic cap- 
ital letters, e.g., ACANTHACLISIS. valid 
genus; (PLESIOCHRYSA), valid subgenus. 

Available invalid names: non-bold italic 
capital letters, e.g., ACANTHOCLISIS. 

Unavailable names: non-bold italic capital 
letters preceded by the symbol ++, e.g., 
++ACANTHACLYSIS. 

Elsewhere in the text scientific names are 
simply italicized, except type species names, 
which are bold non-italic. 

Publication Dates. — Unbracketed years 
in the present work reflect the year(s) of pub- 
lication of a work as printed on the work it- 
self (e.g., on the title page), or, in the case of 
serial publications, the nominal year(s) as- 
signed to the cited volume in a library run of 
the serial. Unbracketed dates for the Zoolog- 
ical Record indicate the literature year being 
reviewed in the volume, not necessarily the 
actual publication date of the volume. Where 
the actual year of publication is known to be 
different from the year as printed on the 
work itself, the year of publication used for 
nomenclatural purposes is given in square 
brackets preceding the unbracketed year. 

To facilitate location of such references in 
the bibliography and to aid searches for these 
works in libraries, associated bracketed and 
unbracketed years are always cited together. 
In cases where two or more names compete 
for priority within the same year, the un- 
bracketed date is followed, in brackets, by 
the month and/or day of publication used to 
determine priority. Sources of bracketed dat- 
ing information are documented in the anno- 
tated bibliography. 

Type Species.— The type species of each 
available name is cited along with its method 
of fixation. Valid type species fixations 
could not be located for the following three 
genera: Palparidius Peringuey (Myrmeleont- 
idae), Pamexis Hagen (Myrmeleontidae), and 
Ululodes Currie in Smith (Ascalaphidae). No 
type species are designated here for these 
genera; these decisions are left for the subse- 



quent consideration of appropriate special- 
ists. 

The following 10 names are based on mis- 
identified type species: Apocroce Tjeder 
(Nemopteridae), Archichauliodes Van der 
Weele (Corydalidae), Austrochauliodes Riek 
(Corydalidae), Cordulecerus Rambur (As- 
calaphidae), Leptochauliodes Esben-Petersen 
(Corydalidae), Neuroptynx McClendon (As- 
calaphidae), Orphne Lefebvre (As- 
calaphidae), Protohermes Van der Weele 
(Corydalidae), Plynx Lefebvre (As- 
calaphidae), and Spadobius Needham 
(Hemerobiidae). In each of these cases the 
ICZN should be petitioned under Article 70b 
to clarify the correct type species. The spe- 
cies cited herein as the types of these genera 
were determined by a strict application of the 
relevant rules of the Code, regardless of 
whether the species given have been cited as 
the types of their respective genera by other 
recent authors. 

Unavailable Names. — The symbol "-1-1-" 
preceding a name indicates that that name is 
unavailable. The reason for the unavailabil- 
ity of a genus-group name is given in its 
main entry. As an aid to future researchers, 
we have included incorrect subsequent spell- 
ings that we judged most likely to cause fu- 
ture confusion. For each such name we 
record only its earliest use known to us; ear- 
lier uses may exist in some cases. 

Eleven previously unnoticed or unresolved 
cases of duplicate original spellings are 
given below. In each case the spelling listed 
first is fixed here as the correct spelling; the 
incorrect spellings, which become unavail- 
able names, are given in parentheses along 
with the associated family. The names are: 
Chrysopisca McLachlan in Fedtschenko 
{++Chrysopicsa - Chrysopidae), Eretmoptera 
Navas (++Eremoptera - Nemopteridae), Eu- 
micromus Nakahara ( + +Eumicronus 
Hemerobiidae), Gayomyia Banks {+-\-Gayo- 
mia - Hemerobiidae), Malacomyza Wesmael 
(++Malacomiza - Coniopterygidae), 
Megistoleon Navas ( + +Megistroleon 
Myrmeleontidae), M enopteryx Kriiger 
(++Monopteryx - Hemerobiidae), Nemopistha 
Navas ( + +Nemospistha - Nemopteridae), 
Neomicromus Kriiger ( + +Meomicromus - 
Hemerobiidae), Pseudencyoposis Van der 



OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, No. 147 



Weele (++Pseudencyopsis - Ascalaphidae), 
and Triadochrysa Adams i++Triodochrysa - 
Chrysopidae). 

HoMONYMY. — All available genus-group 
names listed in the catalog have been 
checked against Neave (1939-1975) for pos- 
sible senior homonyms. The following 17 
names have been found to be junior hom- 
onyms for which no objective replacement 
names exist: Banya Navas (Myrmeleontidae), 
Buxtonia* Esben-Petersen (Hemerobiidae), 
Diazus* Navas (Myrmeleontidae), 
Eremophanes Banks (Ascalaphidae), Hybris 
Lefebvre (Ascalaphidae), Indoleon* Fraser 
(Myrmeleontidae), Mochus Navas 

(Myrmeleontidae), Musola* Navas 

(Chrysopidae), Neda* Navas (Chrysopidae), 
Nesochrysa* Fraser (Chrysopidae), 
Pseudoptynx Van der Weele (Ascalaphidae), 
Stenispa Navas (Mantispidae), Stenomus 
Navas (Hemerobiidae), Stylonotus Needham 
(Ascalaphidae), Synclisis Fraser 

(Myrmeleontidae), Trichocercus Insom and 
Carfi (Myrmeleontidae), and Ulula* Rambur 
(Ascalaphidae). 

Names followed by asterisks are currently 
considered invalid subjective synonyms. 
Since other names among those listed may 
also prove to have valid synonyms when ap- 
propriate revisionary work has been com- 
pleted, no new replacement names are 
proposed here for any of these junior hom- 
onyms. 

Family-Group Taxa. — No recent com- 
prehensive study of neuropteroid family- 
group names is currently available and no 
such study was undertaken specifically for 
this work. The family-group taxa referred to 
in the body of the catalog are listed alphabet- 
ically by family below. Absence from this 
list of some family-group names (e.g., tribal 
names currently accepted in the families As- 
calaphidae, Coniopterygidae, and 
Mantispidae) should not be interpreted as a 
negative statement about their taxonomic va- 
lidity. Rather, it reflects a decision to limit 
our attempts at tribal placements due to inad- 
equacies in much of the relevant literature. 

Order Neuroptera 
Ascalaphidae 



Albardiinae 
Ascalaphinae 
Haplogleniinae 
Berothidae 
Berothinae 
Cyrenoberothinae 
Nosybinae 
Nyrminae 
Rhachiberothinae 
Chrysopidae 

Apochrysinae 
Chrysopinae 

Ankylopterygini 
Belonopterygini 
Chrysopini 
Leucochrysini 
Nothochrysinae 
Coniopterygidae 
Aleuropteryginae 
Brucheiserinae 
Coniopteryginae 
Dilaridae 
Dilarinae 
Nallachiinae 
Hemerobiidae 
Ithonidae 
Mantispidae 

Calomantispinae 
Drepanicinae 
Mantispinae 
Symphrasinae 
Myrmeleontidae 
Acanthaclisinae 
Myrmeleontinae 
Brachynemurini 
Dendroleontini 
Distoleontini 
Glenurini 
Isoleontini 
Myrmecaelurini 
Myrmeleontini 
Porrerini 
Protoplectrini 
Palparinae 
Stilbopteryginae 
Nemopteridae 
Crocinae 
Nemopterinae 
Nevrorthidae 
Nymphidae 
Osmylidae 

Eidoporisminae 



OSWALD AND PENNY: NEUROPTERA. MEGALOPTERA, AND RAPHIDIOPTERA 



Kempyninae 

Osmylinae 

Porisminae 

Protosmylinae 

Spilosmylinae 

Stenosmylinae 

Polystoechotidae 

Psychopsidae 

Rapismatidae 

Sisyridae 



Order Megaloptera 



Corydalidae 

Chauliodinae 
Corydalinae 

Sialidae 



Myrmeleontidae: H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel 

(1980); Banks (1927); Ghosh (1984); Holzel (1972, 

1987); Kimmins (1940c); Markl (1954); New (1982. 

1985a, 1985b, 1985c); Riek (1976); Stange (1970a, 

1970b, 1976). 
Nemopleridae: Navas (1910e, 1912d); Wiihycombe 

(1923a); Holzel (1975a); Mansell (1980, 1981a, 1981b, 

1983b); Tjeder (1967a). 
Nevrorthidae: H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel (1980); 

Monserral (1977); Nakahara (1958); Zwick (1967). 
Nymphidae: New (1981, 1984b). 
Osmylidae: Kruger (1912-1915); Navas (1917a); Kimmins 

(1940a); New (1983a, 1983b). 
Polystoechotidae: Carpenter (1940). 
Psychopsidae: Kimmins (1939); Kruger (1922a); Navas 

([1917e] 1915); Tillyard (1919b); Tjeder (1960); New 

([1989] 1988). 
Rapismatidae: Barnard (1981); Barnard and New (1985). 
Sisyridae: Kruger (1923); Navas (1935a); Parfin and 

Gumey (1956); Monserrat (1977). 



Order Megaloptera - References 



Order Raphidioptera 



Inocelliidae 
Raphidiidae 



Selected Taxonomic References 

A selection of the prominent taxonomic 
publications dealing with each cataloged 
family follows below as an aid to studying 
the taxonomic literature of each family. 

Order Neuroptera - References 

Ascalaphidae: H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel (1980); 

McLachlan ([1871] 1873); Navas (1913b); New 

(1984a); Penny ([1982b] 1981); Shetlar (1977); Van 

der Weele ([1909a] 1908). 
Berothidae: U. Aspock (1983, 1986); U. Aspock and H. 

Aspock (1980, 1981a, [1981b] 1980, [1983] 1982. 

1984a. [1984b] 1983, [1985] 1984, 1986a. [1986b] 

1985); Kruger (1922b); MacLeod and Adams (1967); 

Navas (1929b); Tjeder (1959). 
Chrysopidae: Adams (1967); H. Aspock, U. Aspock and 

Holzel (1980); Bickley and MacLeod (1956); Brooks 

([1985] 1984); Holzel (1973); Kimmins (1952a); New 

(1980); Tjeder (1966); Brooks and Barnard (1990). 
Coniopterygidae: H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel 

(1980); Enderlein (1906, 1908, 1930); Meinander 

(1972a). 
Dilaridae: Adams (1970); Carpenter (1947); Monserrat 

(1988); Nakahara (1955a); Navas (1909a); Navas 

(1914a). 
Hemerobiidae: H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel (1980); 

Carpenter (1940); Kruger (1922c); Nakahara (1960); 

Tjeder (1961); New (1988). 
Ithonidae: Riek (1974); Tillyard (1919a). 
Mantispidae: Enderlein (1910a); Penny (1982a, [1983] 

1982); Handschin (1959, 1960a. 1960b); Lambkin 

(1986a. 1986b). 



Corydalidae: Barnard (1931); Esben-Petersen (1924); Flint 
(1973); Glorioso (1981); Kimmins (1954); Penny and 
Flint (1982); Riek (1954); Theischinger (1983); Van 
der Weele (1910). 

Sialidae: H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel (1980) 
Barnard (1931); Esben-Petersen (1924); Flint (1973) 
Riek (1954); Ross (1937); Theischinger (1983) 
Vshivkova (1985); Van der Weele (1910). 



Order Raphidioptera - References 

Inocelliidae and Raphidiidae: Albarda (1891); H. Aspock 
(1986); H. Aspock and U. Aspock (1966b, 1968a); H. 
Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel (1980); U. Aspock 
(1975); Carpenter (1936); Esben-Petersen (1913b); 
Navas ([1919e] 1918); Schneider (1843). 



Preparation of the Catalog 

The need for up-to-date, worldwide, com- 
pilations of neuropteroid names has been ap- 
parent to working neuropterists for many 
years. In the late 1970s, one of us (NDP), 
working at the Instituto Nacional de 
Pesquisas da Amazonia in Manaus, Brazil, 
began compiling a worldwide list of neu- 
ropteroid genus-group names as an out- 
growth of his comprehensive catalog of the 
neuropteroid fauna of the Americas south of 
the continental Unites States (Penny [1978] 
1977). By 1984, this list contained approxi- 
mately 1,000 names complete with biblio- 
graphic citations. 

In 1982, while an entomology graduate 
student at Oregon State University, the se- 
nior author (JDO) independently began com- 
piling a reference list of neuropteroid 



OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, No. 147 



genus-group names. By 1984, this list con- 
tained approximately 1,200 names with bib- 
liographic citations and notes on type species 
and synonymy. 

In February of 1985, through the interme- 
diacy of Phillip A. Adams, the similarity of 
the two works became apparent; and a deci- 
sion was made to collaborate on a single 
joint catalog. Subsequently, compilation and 
verification of taxonomic and nomenclatural 
data was divided, with JDO assuming re- 
sponsibility for data on genus-group names 
in the order Neuroptera and NDP assuming 
responsibility for names in the orders 
Megaloptera and Raphidioptera. 

Also in 1985, genus-group names of fossil 
Neuropteroidea, which had been included in 
earlier lists by JDO, were dropped from the 
catalog after it became apparent that these 
efforts duplicated concurrent work by Frank 
Carpenter on the Insecta part of the Treatise 
on Invertebrate Paleontology. 

In June of 1987, draft copies of one or 
more neuropteroid families were sent out for 
review to 15 taxonomic specialists around 
the world (see Acknowledgments). During 
1987, 1988, and 1989, comments received 
from these reviewers were incorporated into 
the manuscript and the catalog was prepared 
for publication. 

Please forward any remarks regarding fac- 
tual errors or errata found in the catalog to 
JDO, for possible inclusion in a catalog sup- 
plement. 

Acknowledgments 

We gratefully acknowledge the following 
individuals who gave generously of their 
time and taxonomic expertise to review parts 
of this catalog in manuscript: P. A. Adams 
(Chrysopidae), H. Aspock (Raphidioptera), 
U. Aspock (Berothidae), P. C. Barnard 
(Rapismatidae, Sisyridae), S. J. Brooks 
(Chrysopidae), H. Holzel (Neuroptera), K. J. 
Lambkin (Mantispidae), M. W. Mansell 
(Myrmeleontidae, Nemopteridae), M. 
Meinander (Coniopterygidae), V. J. 
Monserrat (Neuroptera), T. R. New (Neu- 
roptera), C. Poivre (Mantispidae), Y. 
Semeria (Chrysopidae, Hemerobiidae, 
Mantispidae, Osmylidae, Sisyridae), L. A. 



Stange (Ascalaphidae, Myrmeleontidae), and 
C. A. Tauber (Chrysopidae). 

To the numerous libraries we visited dur- 
ing our bibliographic research we offer our 
sincere thanks. Without the assistance of 
their staffs and access to the collections 
under their care, this work would not have 
been possible. The efforts of the interlibrary 
loan staff at Mann Library, Cornell Univer- 
sity, who processed numerous requests for 
rare and obscure publications during the lat- 
ter stages of the preparation of this work, are 
particularly commendable. For instructive 
discussions of often complex nomenclatural 
problems, JDO would like to thank J. G. 
Franclemont, Professor Emeritus, Depart- 
ment of Entomology, Cornell University. For 
helpful suggestions on computer word pro- 
cessing formats, as well as encouragement 
during the long development of this project, 
NDP would like to thank W. J. Pulawski, De- 
partment of Entomology, California Acad- 
emy of Sciences. For reviewing the spelling 
of references in the bibliography we wish to 
thank S. E. Tatro, Department of Entomol- 
ogy, California Academy of Sciences. Fi- 
nally, we thank our wives, Diane and Ana 
Maria, for their patience throughout our 
lengthy preoccupation with this work. 

Genus-Group Names of the Order 
Neuroptera 



Abbreviations Used For Family-Group 
Names 

ACAN Acanthaclisinae 

ALBN Albardiinae 

ALEN Aleuropleryginae 

ANKI Ankylopterygini 

A PON Apochrysinae 

ASC Ascalaphidae 

ASCN Asclaphinae 

BELI Belonopterygini 

BER Berothidae 

BERN Berothinae 

BRAT Brachynemurini 

BRUN Brucheiserinae 

CALN Calomantispinae 

CHR Chrysopidae 

CHRI Chrysopini 

CHRN Chrysopinae 

CON Coniopterygidae 

CONN Coniopteryginae 

CRON Crocinae 

CYRN Cyrenoberothinae 

DENI Dendroleontini 



OSWALD AND PENNY: NEUROPTERA, MEGALOPTERA, AND RAPHIDIOPTERA 



DIL Dilaridae 

DILN Dilarinae 

DREN Drepanicinae 

EIDN Eidoporisminae 

GLEI Glenurini 

HAPN Haplogleniinae 

HEM Hemerobiidae 

ISOI Isoleontini 

ITH Iihonidae 

KEMN Kempyninae 

LEUI Leucochrysini 

MAN Mantispidae 

MANN Maniispinae 

MY CI Myrmecaelurini 

MYR Myrmeleontidae 

MYRI Myrmeleonlini 

MYRN Myrmeleontinae 

NALN Nallachiinae 

NEM Nemopteridae 

NEMN Nemoplerinae 

NEV Nevrorlhidae 

NOSN Nosybinae 

NOTN Nolhochrysinae 

NYM Nymphidae 

NYRN Nyrminae 

OSM Osmylidae 

OSMN Osmylinae 

PALN Palparinae 

POL Polystoechoiidae 

PORI Porrerini 

PORN Porisminae 

PROI Protoplecirini 

PRON Prolosmylinae 

PSY Psychopsidae 

RAM Rapismatidae 

RHAN Rhachiberothinae 

SIS Sisyridae 

SPIN Spilosmylinae 

STEN Stenosmylinae 

STIN Stilbopteryginae 

SYMN Symphrasinae 

ABACHRYSA Banks, 1938a: 75. CHR: CHRN: BELI 
Type species: Chrysopa eureka Banks, 
1931a: 174, original designation. 
ABATOLEON Banks, 1924: 436. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Abatoleon deprivatum Banks, 
1924: 436, monotypy. 
ABRONILIS Needham, 1909: 197. ASC: HAPN 

Type species: Abronius canescens Needham, 
1909: 197, original designation. 
ACANTHACLISIS Rambur, 1842: 378. MYR: ACAN 
Type species: Myrmeleon occitanicum 
Villers, 1789: 63 (as "A. occitanica"), subse- 
quent designation by Hagen, 1873: 391. 
ACANTHOCLISIS Agassiz, [1847] 1842-1846: 2. 
An unjustified emendation of Acanthaclisis 
Rambur, 1842. (See Art. 32c(ii) of Code.) 
++ACANTH0CHIS1S; Hagen, 1887: 136. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Acanthaclisis. 
++ACANTHACLYSIS; Zahradka, 1904: 89. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Acanthaclisis. 
++ACANTHACLYSIS, misspelling. See Acanthaclisis 

Rambur, 1842. 
++ACANTHOCHISIS, misspelling. See Acanthaclisis 
Rambur, 1842. 



ACANTHOCLISIS Agassiz, [1847] 1842-1846. See 

Acanthaclisis Rambur, 1 842. 
ACANTIIOPLECTRON Esben-Petersen, 1918: 10. 

MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Acanthoplectron tenellum 
Esben-Petersen, 1918: 11, monotypy. 
ACHERON Lefebvre, 1842: 7. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Ascalaphus longus Walker, 
1853: 435, subsequent monotypy in McLachlan, 
[1871] 1873: 265. 
ACMONOTUS McLachlan, [1871] 1873: 253. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Acmonotus incusifer 
McLachlan, [1871] 1873: 253, monotypy. 
ACRATOLEON Banks, [1915b] 1914-1915: 620. MYR 
Type species: Acratoleon flavum Banks, 
[1915b] 1914-1915: 620, monotypy. 
ACROBEROTHA Kruger, 1922. See Isoscelipteron A. 

Costa, 1863. 
ADELOPLECTRON Esben-Petersen, 1923. See 

Froggattisca Esben-Petersen, 1915. 
+ +AELOPS, misspelling. See Chrysopa Leach in 

Brewster, 1815. 
AEOLOPS Billberg, 1820. See Chrysopa Leach in 

Brewster, 1815. 
AEROPTERYX Riek, 1968: 107. MYR: STIN 

Type species: Aeropteryx monstrosa Riek, 
1968: 107, original designation. Aeropteryx was 
originally placed in the Stilbopterygidae; it was 
transferred to the Myrmeleontidae by New, 1982: 
74. 
AFGHANOCROCE Holzel, 1968a: 44. NEM: CRON 
Type species: Afghanocrocc vartianorum 
Holzel, 1968a: 44, monotypy. 
AFGHANOLEON Holzel, 1972: lO.MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Afghanoleon flavomaculatus 
Holzel, 1972: 10, monotypy. 
AFROCLIMACIUS Navas. 1930. See Neuroleon Navas, 

1909. 
AFROLEON Navas, 1927b: 13. MYR: MYRN: MYRI 
Type species: Afroleon basutus Navas, 
1927b: 13, monotypy. 
A/^«OM/C/?OM(/5 Nakahara, 1960. Sec Micro mus 
Rambur, 1842. 
AGRIONOSOMA Van der Weele,[1909a]1908:169. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Agrionosoma swinhoei Van der 
Weele, [1909a] 1908: 169, original designation. 
AHLERSIA Enderiein, 1929. See Semidalis Enderlein, 

1905. 
ALBARDIA Van der Weele, 1903: 234. 

ASC: ALBN 
Type species: Albardia furcata Van der 
Weele, 1903: 235, original designation. 
ALEMA Enderlein, 1905. See Semidalis Enderlein, 1905. 
ALEMELLA Enderiein, 1906. See Semidalis Enderiein. 

1905. 
ALEURONIA Fitch, [1855] 1854. See Coniopteryx 

{Coniopteryx) Curtis, 1834. 
ALELIROPTERYX Low, 1885: 79. CON: ALEN 

Type species: Aleuropteryx loewii Klapalek, 
1894: 122, subsequent designation by the Inter- 
national Commission on Zoological Nomencla- 
ture (1990a) using the plenary powers in 
suspension of the rules. To preserve accustomed 
usage, the Commission, using its plenary powers, 
set aside in Opinion 1595 all prior type species 



OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, No. 147 



selections for Aleuropteryx and designated Al- 
europteryx loewii Klapalek, 1894, as the type 
species of Aleuropteryx. The generic name Al- 
europteryx Low, 1885, was placed on the Official 
List of Generic Names in Zoology. The specific 
name loewii, Klapalek, 1894, as published in the 
combination Aleuropteryx loewii (a mandatory 
correction of Lowii), was placed on the Official 
List of Specific Names in Zoology. 
ALLEMEROBIUS Banks, 1940: 183. HEM 

Type species: Allemerobius flaveolus Banks, 
1940: 184, monotypy. 
ALLOC///? y5A Banks, 1903. See Leucochrysa 

(Leucochrysa) McLachlan, 1868. 
ALLOCORMODES McLachlan, 1891b: 512. 

ASC: HAPN 
Type species: Ascalaphus intractabilis 
Walker, 1860: 196, monotypy (of Cormodes 
McLachlan, [1871] 1873). Allocormodes was 
proposed as the objective replacement name for 
Cormodes McLachlan, [1871] 1873. 
CORMODES McLachlan, [1871] 1873: 239. 

Type species: Ascalaphus intractabilis 
Walker, 1860: 196, monotypy. A junior hom- 
onym of Cormodes Pascoe, 1861: 46, - Insecta: 
Coleoptera. The objective replacement name is 
Allocormodes McLachlan, 1891. 
ALLOFO/?A//CAL£ON Esben-Petersen, 1915. See 

Escura Navas, 1914. 
++ALLOGAMA Banks, 1943. See Pseudoformicaleo 

Van der Weele, 1909. 
ALLOGAMA Markl, 1954. See Pseudoformicaleo Van 

der Weele, 1909. 
ALLOTOMYIA Banks, 1930. See Boriomyia Banks, 

1904. 
++ALYRMEBON, misspelling. See Myrmeleon Linnaeus, 

1767. 
++AMAERIDOPS, misspelling. See Amoeridops Karsch, 

1889. 
AMAZOLEON Banks, 1913. See Ameromyia Banks, 

1913. 
AMEROCROCE Mansell, 1983a: 122. NEM: CRON 

Type species: Amerocroce boliviana Mansell, 
1983a: 122, original designation. 
AMEROLEON Navas, 1926c: 101. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Ameroleon inccrtus Navas, 
1926c: 102, monotypy. 
AMEROMICROMUS Nakahara, 1960. See Micromus 

Rambur. 1842. 
AMEROMYIA Banks, 1913a: 227. MYR: MYRN: BRAI 
Type species: Brachynemurus strigosus 
Banks, 1909b: 2, original designation. 
AMAZOLEON Banks, 1913a: 229. 

Type species: Myrmeleon pubiventris 
Walker, 1860: 189, original designation. 
Amazoleon was considered a synonym of Amer- 
omyia by Stange, 1970a: 42. 
FOYA Navas. 1914e: 53. 

Type species: Foya trapezia Navas, 1914e: 
54, monotypy. Foya was considered a synonym 
oi Ameromyia by Stange, 1970a: 45. 
NEMOTOLUS Banks, 1943d: 163. 

Type species: Myrmeleon protensus 
Gerstaecker, [1894] 1893: 138, original designa- 
tion. Nemotolus was considered a synonym of 
Ameromyia by Stange, 1970a: 42. 



AMEROPTERUS Esben-Petersen, 1922: 621. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Colobopterus leptocerus 
Rambur, 1842: 361, subsequent designation (of 
Colobopterus Rambur, 1842). Colobopterus 
leptocerus was considered a synonym of As- 
calaphus versicolor Burmeister, 1839: 1000, by 
Orfila, 1949: 192. Incorrect type species desig- 
nation by Penny, [1982b] 1981: 404, of A5- 
calaphus versicolor Burmeister, 1839: 1000. 
Ameropterus was proposed as the objective re- 
placement name for Colobopterus Rambur, 1842. 
COLOBOPTERUS Rambur, 1842 [31 December]: 
360. 

Type species: Colobopterus leptocerus 
Rambur, 1842: 361, subsequent designation by 
Orfila, 1949: 192. Colobopterus leptocerus was 
considered a synonym of Ascalaphus versicolor 
Burmeister, 1839: 1000, by Orfila, 1949: 192. In- 
correct type species designation by Van der 
Weele, [1909a] 1908: 121, oi Ascalaphus versi- 
color Burmeister, 1839: 1000, a name not origi- 
nally included in Colobopterus Rambur, 1842, 
and not linked by Van der Weele with only one 
of the originally included names. This designa- 
tion cannot be made available under Article 
69a(v) since Van der Weele placed not one but 
two of the species originally included by Rambur 
in Colobopterus in synonymy with A. versicolor. 
A junior homonym of Colobopterus Mulsant, 
1842 [6 August]: 165, - Insecta: Coleoptera. 
The objective replacement name is Ameropterus 
Esben-Petersen, 1922. 
++CALOBOPTERUS; Gepp in Gepp, Aspock and 
Holzel, 1984: 221. An incorrect subsequent 
spelling of Colobopterus. 

AMOEA Lefebvre, 1842: 6. ASC: HAPN 

Type species: Ascalaphus subcostatus 
Burmeister, 1839: 1000 (as "Subcostatus 
Burm."), monotypy. Ascalaphus subcostatus 
was considered a synonym of Ascalaphus im- 
maculatus Olivier, 1790: 246, by Penny, [1982b] 
1981: 395. 
EPISPERCHES Gerstaecker, [1894] 1893: 98. 

Type species: Ascalaphus iniquus Walker, 
1853: 448, subsequent designation by Navas, 
1913b: 56. Incorrect type species designation by 
Penny, [1982b] 1981: 395, of Haploglenius 
vacuus Gerstaecker, [1894] 1893: 95. 
Episperches was considered a synonym of Amoea 
by Penny, [1982b] 1981: 395. 

AMOERIDOPS Karsch, 1889: 270. ASC: HAPN 

Type species: Amoeridops augur Karsch, 
1889: 271. monotypy. 
-^■^AMAERIDOPS: Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908:87. 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of Amoeridops. 

AMYCLA Rafinesque, 1815. See Mantispa {Mantispa) 
Illiger in Kugelann, 1798. 

ANACHRYSA Holzel. 1973. See Chrysopidia 
{Anachrysa) Holzel. 1973. 

ANACROCE Holzel. 1975b: 21. NEM: CRON 

Type species: Anacroce freidbergi Holzel, 
1975b: 23, original designation. 

ANAPOCHRYSA Kimmins, 1952a: 932. CHR: APON 
Type species: Anapochrysa africana 
Kimmins, 1952a: 933, original designation. 

ANAPSECTRA Tjeder. 1975b: 115. HEM 



OSWALD AND PENNY: NEUROPTERA, MEGALOPTERA. AND RAPHIDIOPTERA 



Type species: Anapsectra medleri Tjeder, 
1975b: 117, original designation. 
ANCHIETA Navas, 1909c: 483. MAN: SYMN 

Type species: Anchieta nobilis Navas, 1909c: 
484, monotypy. 
ANISOPTERA Schneider, 1843: 32. 

Type species: Mantispa notha Erichson, 
1839: 170, monotypy. A junior homonym of /4n- 
isoptera Berthold, 1827: 409, - Insecta: Orthop- 
tera; Anisoptera Herrich-Schaffer, 1840: 57, 69, 
- Insecta: Hymenoptera. The objective replace- 
ment names are Platymantispa Rehn, 1939, and 
Anisopterana Strand, 1942. Anisoptera Schnei- 
der, 1843, was considered a synonym of Anchieta 
by Penny, 1982a: 216. 
PLATYMANTISPA Rehn, 1939: 82. 

Type species: Mantispa notha Erichson, 
1839: 170, monotypy (of Anisoptera Schneider, 
1843). Platymantispa was proposed as the objec- 
tive replacement name for Anisoptera Schneider, 
1843. 
ANISOPTERANA Strand, 1942: 389. 

Type species: Mantispa notha Erichson, 
1839: 170, monotypy (of Anisoptera Schneider, 
1843). Anisopterana was proposed unnecessarily 
as the objective replacement name for Anisoptera 
Schneider, 1843, which had been previously re- 
placed by Platymantispa Rehn, 1939. 
ANCYLOCHRYSA Navas, 1928. See Chrysopodes 
(Chrysopodes) Navas, [1913] 1912-1913. 
++ANCYLOPTERYX, misspelling. See Ankylopteryx 

(Ankylopteryx) Brauer, 1864. 
ANGLSTACSA New, 1984a: 39. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Angustacsa lobata New, 1984a: 
40, original designation. 
++ANISOCHARISA, misspelling. See Mallada 

{Mallada) Navas, [1925] 1924. 
ANISOCHRYSA Nakahara, 1955. See Mallada 

(Mallada) Navas, [1925] 1924. 
ANISOPTERA Schneider, 1843. See Anchieta Navas, 

1909. 
ANISOPTERANA Strand, 1942. See Anchieta Nava's, 

1909. 
ANKYLOPTERYX Brauer, 1864: 899. 

CHR: CHRN: ANKI 
Type species: Chrysopa venusta Hagen, 
1853: 481, subsequent designation by Tjeder, 
1966: 493. 
++ANCYLOPTERYX; Gerstaecker, [1885a] 1884: 45. 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Ankylopteryx. 
ETHIOCHRYSA Eraser, 1952: 57. 

Type species: Ethiochrysa polychlora Eraser, 
1952: 57, original designation. Ethiochrysa was 
considered a synonym of Ankylopteryx (An- 
kylopteryx) by Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 155, 
265. 
(SENCERA) Navas, [1925d] 1924: 26. 

Type species: Sencera scioneura Navas, 
[1925d] 1924: 27, monotypy. Sencera was con- 
sidered a subgenus of Ankylopteryx by Brooks 
and Barnard, 1990: 157. 

ANN AND ALIA Needham, 1909. See Psectra Hagen, 

1866. 
ANOMALOCHRYSA McLachlan, 1883: 298 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 



Type species: Anomalochrysa hepatica 

McLachlan, 1883: 299, subsequent designation 
by Zimmerman, 1957: 95. 
ANOMALOPLECTRON Esben-Petersen, 1918: 8. 

MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Anomaloplectron lineatipenne 
Esben-Petersen, 1918: 9, original designation. 
ANOMICROMUS Nakahara, 1960. See Micromus 

Rambur, 1842. 
ANOTIOBIELLA Kimmins, 1928. See Hemerobius 

{Hemerobius) Linnaeus, 1758. 
ANTENNOLEON New. 1985a: 41. MYR: MYRN: PROI 
Type species: Antennoleon carsonensis New, 
1985a: 41, original designation. 
ANTILLOLEON Baixks, 1943. See £remo/eon Banks, 

1901. 
APERTOCHRYSA Tjeder, 1966: 480. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 

Type species: Chrysopa umbrosa Navas, 

1914f: 34, original designation. Apertochrysa 

was originally proposed as a subgenus of 

Chrysopa Leach in Brewster, 1815. 

++APLECTROCNEMIA, misspelling. See Gymnocnemia 

Schneider, 1845. 
++APLECTROCNEMIS, misspelling. See Gymnocnemia 

Schneider, 1845. 
APLECTROCNEMUS A. Costa, 1855. See 

Gymnocnemia Schneider, 1845. 
APOCHRYSA Schneider, 1851: 157. CHR: APON 

Type species: Hemerobius leptaleus Rambur, 
1842:429 (as "Apochrysa leptalea. (Rambur)"), 
monotypy. 
++APOCHRYSOPA, Tosawa, 1932: 26 (Not seen). 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of Apochrysa. 
++APOCHRYSOPA, misspelling. See Apochrysa 

Schneider, 1851. 
APOCROCE Tjeder, 1974. See Josandreva Navas, 1906. 
ARAUCALEON Banks, 1938d: 127. MYR: MYRN: GLEI 
Type species: Araucaleon inca Banks, 
1938d:128, monotypy. 
ARCHAEOMICROMUS Kriiger, 1922. See Micromus 

Rambur, 1842. 
ARCUAPLECTRON New, 1985c: 68. MYR: ACAN 

Type species: Arcuaplectron woocallensis 
New, 1985c: 68, original designation. 
++ARTERIOPTERYX, misspelling. See Psychopsis 

Newman, 1842. 
ARTIOPTERYX Guerin-Meneville, [1844] 1829-1838. 

See Psychopsis Newman, 1842. 
ASADETEVA U. Aspock and H. Aspock, 1981a: 8. 

BER: BERN 
Type species: Asadeteva vartianorum U. 
Aspock and H. Aspock, 1981a: 9, original desig- 
nation. 
ASCALAPIIODES McLachlan, [1871] 1873: 272. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Ascalaphus (Bubo) canifrons 
Westwood, [1847] 1848: 69, monotypy. 
ASCALAPHUS Fabricius. 1775: 313. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Myrmeleon barbarum 
Linnaeus, 1767: 914 (as "Ascalaphus barbarus"), 
monotypy. For discussion see Tjeder, 1972: 154. 
Incorrect type species designation by Blanchard 
in d'Orbigny, [1842] 1849: 203, of Ascalaphus 
italicus Fabricius, 1781: 400. Incorrect type spe- 
cies designation by Navas, 1913b: 125, of 
Hemerobius longicornis Linnaeus, 1764: 402 (as 



10 



OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. No. 147 



"A. longicornis L."). Incorrect type species des- 
ignation by Kuwayama, 1962: 392, of Papilio 
macaronius Scopoli, 1763: 168 (as "Ascalaphus 
macaronius Scopoli"). 
HELICOMITUS McLachlan, [1871] 1873: 261. 

Type species: Ascalaphus insimulans Walker, 
1853: 429, subsequent designation by 
McLachlan, [1873b] 1871: 402. Ascalaphus in- 
simulans was considered a synonym of As- 
calaphus dicax Walker, 1853: 423, by Van der 
Weele, [1909a] 1908: 178. Incorrect type species 
designation by Van der Weele. [1909a] 1908: 
173. of Ascalaphus dicax Walker. 1853: 423. 
Helicomitus was considered a synonym of As- 
calaphus by Tjeder. 1972: 154. 
++ASCALAPTYNX, misspelling. See Ascaloptynx Banks. 

1915. 
ASCALOBYAS Penny. [1982b] 1981: 395. 

ASC: HAPN 

Type species: Byas microcerus Rambur. 
1842: 362, monotypy (of Byas Rambur. 1842). 
Ascalobyas was proposed as the objective re- 
placement name for Byas Rambur, 1842. 
BYAS Rambur. 1842: 361. 

Type species: Byas microcerus Rambur. 
1842: 362, monotypy. A junior homonym of 
Byas Dalman in Billberg, 1820:85. - Insecta: 
Lepidoptera; Byas Morris, 1837:123, - Aves. The 
objective replacement name is Ascalobyas Penny, 
[1982] 1981. 
ASCALOPTYNX Banks. 1915a: 350. ASC: HAPN 

Type species: Ascalaphus appendlculatus 
Fabricius, 1793: 96 (as "Ascalaphus 
appendlculatus Latr. [sic]"), original designa- 
tion. Ascaloptynx was proposed as a replacement 
name for the Neuroptynx of Van der Weele, 
[1909] 1908. not Neuroptynx McClendon. 1906. 
ORPHNE Lefebvre. 1842: 7. 

Type species: Ascalaphus appendiculatus 
Fabricius. 1793: 96 (as "appendiculatus, Fab."), 
monotypy, but see below. Incorrect type species 
designation by Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 
139, of Ascalaphus macrocercus Burmeister, 
1839: 1000. Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 139, 
indicates that the Orphne appendiculatus of 
Lefebvre, 1842. is a misidenlification (of As- 
calaphus appendiculatus Fabricius. 1793) con- 
specific with Ascalaphus macrocerus Burmeister, 
1839. This is a case of a misidentified type spe- 
cies which should be referred to the Commission 
under Article 70b. The taxonomic status of Or- 
phne should be reevaluated after its type species 
has been clarified. Orphne Lefebvre, 1842. is a 
junior objective synonym of Ascaloptynx Banks. 
1915. and a junior homonym of Orphne Hubner, 
[1825] 1816-1826: 314. - Insecta: Lepidoptera. 
■i-hORPHNUS Agassiz. [1844] 1842-1846: 5. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Orphne 
Lefebvre. 1842. 
■^■t-ASCALAPTYNX•, Henry, 1977: 179. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Ascaloptynx. 
ASCALORPIINE Banks, 1915a: 350. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Ascalaphus macrocercus 
Burmeister. 1839: 1000. original designation. As- 
calorphne was proposed as a replacement name 
for the Orphne of McLachlan. [1871] 1873. and 



of Van der Weele, [1909] 1908. not Orphne 
Lefebvre, 1842. 
ASPERALA Lambkin. 1986b: 39. MAN: MANN 

Type species: Mantispa erythraea Brauer. 
1867: 506. original designation. 
-^■^ASPOECKlANA Kis. 1969. See Coniopteryx 

{Xeroconiopteryx) Meinander. 1972. 
ASPOECKIANA Kis in Kis. Nagler and Mandru. 1970. 
See Coniopteryx (Xeroconiopteryx) Meinander, 
1972. 
ASPOECKIANA Holzel, 1969: 287 

MYR: MYRN: MYCI 
Type species: Aspoeckiana uralensis Holzel, 
1969: 288, original designation. 
ASPOECKINA Holzel, 1972: 18. 

Type species: Aspoeckiana uralensis Holzel, 
1969: 288, original designation (of Aspoeckiana 
Holzel. 1969). Aspoeckina was originally pro- 
posed as the objective replacement name for As- 
poeckiana Holzel. 1969. which was then 
apparently preoccupied by ^-t-Aspoeckiana Kis. 
1969: 39. - Insecta: Neuroptera: Con- 
iopterygidae. However, the latter name is un- 
available and therefore does not enter into 
homonymy with Aspoeckiana Holzel. 1969; a re- 
placement name for Holzel's use of the name As- 
poeckiana is therefore unnecessary. 
ASPOECKINA Holzel. 1972. See Aspoeckiana Holzel. 

1969. 
ATLANTOCHRYSA Holzel. 1970a: 48. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRl 

Type species: Chrysopa atlantica McLachlan. 

1882: 167. original designation. Atlantochrysa 

was originally proposed as a subgenus of An- 

isochrysa Nakahara. 1955. 

■^-i-AUSTRALSYMUS, misspelling. See Australysmus 

Kimmins, 1940. 
AUSTRALYSMUS Kimmins. 1940a: 197. OSM: KEMN 
Type species: Australysmus lacustris 
Kimmins, 1940a: 198, original designation. 
++AUSTRALSYMUS; Carpenter. 1943: 759. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Australysmus. 
AUSTROBEROTHELLA U. Aspock and H. Aspock, 

[1985] 1984: 77. BER: BERN 

Type species: Austroberothella ricki U. 
Aspock and H. Aspock, [1985] 1984: 78, original 
designation. 
AUSTROCHRYSA Esben-Petersen. 1928a: 98. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 
Type species: Austrochrysa samoana Esben- 
Petersen. 1928a: 98. original designation. 
SCOLIOCHRYSA Navas. 1929a: 365. 

Type species: Scoliochrysa loriana Navas. 
1929a: 365. monotypy. Scoliochrysa was con- 
sidered a synonym of Austrochrysa by Brooks 
and Barnard, 1990: 190. 
AUSTROCLIMACIELLA Handschin. 1961: 287. 

MAN: MANN 
Type species: Mantispa quadrituberculata 
Westwood. 1852: 264. original designation. The 
original spelling of the specific name of the type 
species, 4-tuberculata, has been corrected to 
quadrituberculata, a mandatory change under Ar- 
ticle 31d(ii). 
AUSTROCROCE Tjeder, 1974a: 301. NEM: CRON 

Type species: Croce mira McKeown. 1939: 
261. original designation. 



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11 



AUSTROGYMNOCNEMIA Esben-Petersen. 1917c: 

206. MYR: MYRN: DENI 

Type species: Gymnocnemia bipunctata 
Esben-Petersen, 1915: 63, original designation. 
AUSTROLEON Banks, 1909. Sec Brae hynemurus 

Hagen, 1888. 
AUSTROMANTISPA Esben-Petersen, 1917b: 11. 

MAN: MANN 

Type species: Mantispa imbecilla Gerstaec- 

ker, [1885a] 1884: 41, original designation. Aus- 

tromantispa was originally proposed as a 

subgenus of Mantispa lUiger in Kugelann, 1798. 

AUSTROMEGALOMUS Esben-Petersen, [1935] 1939: 

139. HEM 

Type species: Austromegalomus brunneus 
Esben-Petersen, [1935] 1939: 140, original des- 
ignation. 
AUSTROMICROMUS Nakahiii. 1960. Sec Micromus 

Rambur, 1842. 
AUSTRONEURORTHUS Nakahara, 1958: 29. NEV 

Type species: Nevrorthus brunneipennis 
Esben-Petersen, 1929a: 33 (as "Neurorthus [sic] 
brunneipennis"), original designation. 
AUSTRONYMPHES Esben-Petersen, 1914a: 636. NYM 
Type species: Austronymphes insularis 
Esben-Petersen, 1914a: 637, monotypy. 
AUSTROSMYLUS Banks, 1913. See Isostenosmylus 

Kruger, 1913. 
AVIA Navas, 1912. See 7a>a Navas, 1912. 
AZESIA Lefebvre, 1842. See Stilbopteryx Newman, 

1838. 
BAGA Navas, [1930e] 1929: 37. MYR: MYRN: MYRI 
Type species: Baga montana Navas, [1930e] 
1929: 38, monotypy. 
BALAGA Navas, 1912. See Hagenomyia Banks, 1911. 
BALANOPTERYX Karsch, 1889: 269. ASC: HAPN 

Type species: Balanopteryx locuples Karsch, 
1889: 270, monotypy. 
BALIGA Navas, 1912. See Hagenomyia Banks, 1911. 
BALMES Navas, 1910. See Psychopsis Newman, 1842. 
BANATOLEON Kis, 1964. See Nedroledon Navas, 1914. 
BANDIDUS Navas, 1914b: 475. MYR: MYRN: DISI 

Type species: Formicaleo caniTrons Navas, 
1914b: 473 (as "Fornicaleo [sic] canifrons"), 
monotypy. Bandidus was originally proposed as 
a subgenus of Formicaleo but was elevated to 
generic rank by Navas, 1935b: 48, where it was 
incorrectly cited, for nomenclatural purposes, as 
"gen. nov." 
HETEROLEON Eshen-Peicisen, 1918: 16. 

Type species: Heteroleon exilis Esben- 
Petersen, 1918: 16, original designation. 
Heteroleon was considered a synonym of 
Bandidus by New, 1985c: 27. 
BANKISUS Navas, 1912h: 45. MYR: MYRN: DENI 

Type species: Bankisus oculatus Navas, 
1912h: 46, monotypy. 
NAVASIUS Esben-Petersen, 1936: 202. 

Type species: Navasius elegantulus Esben- 
Petersen, 1936: 203, by the following original 
designation: "Genotype: the below described spe- 
cies, [next line] Navasius elegantulus n. sp." 
Navasius was considered a synonym of Bankisus 
by Markl, 1954: 221. 
BANYA Navas, 1923d: 145. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Banya trifasciata Navas, 
1923d: 145, monotypy. A junior homonym of 



Banya Schouteden, 1916: 309, - Insecta: 
Hemiptera: Peniatomidae. There is no objective 
replacement name. 
BANYUTUS Navas, 1912g: 66. MYR: MYRN: DISI 

Type species: Myrmeleon lethalis Walker, 
1853: 374, original designation. 
FOLLA Navas, 1925e: 130. 

Type species: Folia ellsabethana Navas, 
1925e: 131, monotypy. Folia was considered a 
synonym of Banyutus by Markl, 1954: 237. 
DALLUS Navas, 1932c: 274. 

Type species: Dallus quarrel Navas, 1932c: 
275, by the following original designation: "Le 
type est I'espece nouvelle que je vais decrire. . . 
. [below] 288. - Dallus Quarrei sp. nov." Dallus 
was considered a synonym of Banyutus by Markl, 
1954: 237. 
BARBIBUCCA Tjeder, 1967a: 430. NEM: NEMN 

Type species: Nemoptera biremis Kolbe, 
1900: 16, original designation. 
BARCEUS Navas, 1914. See Neuroleon Navas, 1909. 
BARREJA Navas, 1915. See Macronemurus A. Costa, 

1855. 
BARROWIELLA Smithers, 1984: 63. BER: BERN 

Type species: Barrowiella butleri Smithers, 
1984: 63, original designation. 
BELELION Auber, 1955: 55. MYR 

Type species: Belelion venustulus Auber, 
1955: 56, original designation. 
BELEN Navas, 1921. See Eremoleon Banks, 1901. 
BELLARMINUS Navas, 1914. See Nolima Navas, 1914. 
BELLUGA Navas, 1920. See Brachynemurus Hagen, 

1888. 
++BELONOPTERA Uagen, 1861. See Belonopteryx 

Gerstaecker, 1863. 
BELONOPTERYX Gerstaecker, 1863: 169. 

CHR:CHRN: BELI 
Type species: Belonopteryx arteriosa 
Gerstaecker, 1863: 172, monotypy. 
++BELONOPTERA Hagen, 1861: 324. A nomen 
nudum, having been published before 1931 and 
not accompanied by a description, definition or 
indication. Article 12a. Included species: 
None. ++Belonoptera was considered 
synonymous with Belonopteryx by Hagen, 
1866a: 387. 
BERCIIMANSLIS Navas, [1913h] 1912-1913: 327. 

CHR: CHRN: LEUI 
Type species: Berchmansus adumbratus 
Navas, [1913h] 1912-1913: 328, monotypy. 
■y-^BERKMANSUS; Banks. [1946] 1945: 142. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Berchmansus. 
++BERKMANSUS, misspelling. See Berchmansus 

Navas, [1913] 1912-1913. 
BERLANDUS Pierre, 1952. See Dielocroce Cowley, 

1941. 
BERLEKRUMYIA U. Aspock and H. Aspock, [1988a] 

1987: 113. BER:BERN 

Type species: Berlekrumyia africanella U. 
Aspock and H. Aspock. [1988a] 1987: 113, 
original designation. 

BEROTHA Walker, 1860: 186. BER: BERN 

Type species: Berotha insolita Walker, 1860: 
187, monotypy. 
SISYRURA Navas, 1905: 51. 



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OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, No. 147 



Type species: Sisyrura pectinata Navas, 
1905: 51, monotypy. Sisyrura was considered a 
synonym of Berotha by Tjeder, 1959: 306. 
FRAWALKERiA Navas, 1929b: 50. 

Type species: Isoscelipteron puncticolle 
Navas, 1911a: 112, original designation. 
Frawalkeria was considered a synonym of 
Berotha by Tjeder, 1959: 306. 

BEROTHELLA Banks, 1934: 567. DIL: DILN 

Type species: Berothella phantoma Banks, 

1934: 568, monotypy. Berothella was originally 

placed in the Berothidae; it was transferred to the 

Dilaridae by MacLeod and Adams, 1967: 256. 

BESTRETA Navas, 1924. See Drepanepteryx Leach in 
Brewster, 1815. 

BIDESMIDA Johnson, 1976: 192. CON: ALEN 

Type species: Bidesmida morrisoni Johnson, 
1976: 193, original designation. 

BOFIA Navas, 1915. See Nuglerus Navas, 1912. 

BOLLENGA Navas, 1932. See Brachynemurus Hagen, 
1888. 

BORBON Navas, 1914. See Dendroleon Brauer, 1866. 

BORDUS Navas, 1936c: 165. MYR: MYRN: MYRI 

Type species: Bordus temeratus Navas, 
1936c: 166, monotypy. 

BORIOMYIA Banks, 1904a: 209. HEM 

Type species: Hemerobius fidelis Banks, 
1897a: 27, subsequent designation by Killington, 
1937: 256. Type designation upheld by the In- 
ternational Commission on Zoological Nomen- 
clature, 1965: 224, in accordance with the rules. 
In Opinion 752 the Commission refused to use its 
plenary powers to supress the generic name 
Boriomyia Banks, 1904. The generic name 
Boriomyia Banks, 1904, was placed on the Offi- 
cial List of Generic Names in Zoology: Name 
No. 1692. The specific nama fidelis Banks, 
1897, as published in the combination 
Hemerobius fidelis, was placed on the Official 
List of Specific Names in Zoology: Name No. 
2102. Incorrect type species designation by 
Banks, 1905a: 36, oi Hemerobius disjunctus 
Banks, 1897a: 25 (as "B. disjunctus"), a name 
not originally included in Boriomyia and not 
linked by Banks with one of the originally in- 
cluded names. 
ALLOTOMYIA Banks, 1930: 224. 

Type species: Hemerobius fidelis Banks, 
1897a: 27, present designation. Apparently no 
prior type selections exist for Allotomyia, which 
contained two originally included nominal spe- 
cies: Hemerobius fidelis Banks, 1897a: 27, and 
Hemerobius speciosus Banks, 1904b: 62. We 
here designate Hemerobius fidelis Banks, 1897, 
as the type species of Allotomyia. This designa- 
tion fixes Allotomyia as a junior objective syn- 
onym of Boriomyia Banks, 1904, and is in 
agreement with current usage. Allotomyia was 
originally proposed as a subgenus of Boriomyia 
sensu Banks, 1905. 
++BORIOMYS; Banks, 1947: 97. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Boriomyia. 
++BORYOMYIA; Penny, [1978] 1977: 30. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Boriomyia. 

++BORIOMYS, misspelling. See Boriomyia Banks, 1904. 

BORNIA Navas, 1928. Sec Borniochrysa Brooks and 
Barnard, 1990. 



BORNIOCHRYSA Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 192. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 

Type species: Bornia winkleri Navas, 1928a: 

124, {of Bornia Navas, 1928). Borniochrysa was 

proposed as the objective replacement name for 

Bornia Navas, 1928. 

BORNIA Navas, 1928a: 123. 

Type species: Bornia winkleri Navas, 1928a: 
124, monotypy. A junior homonym of Bornia 
Philippi, 1836: 13, - Mollusca. The objective re- 
placement name is Borniochrysa Brooks and Bar- 
nard, 1990. 
++BORYOMYIA, misspelling. See Boriomyia Banks, 

1904. 
BOTULEON Yang, 1986: 423. MYR 

Type species: Botuleon maculosus Yang, 
1986: 423, original designation. 
BRACHYLEON Tillyard, 1916b: 58. 

MYR: MYRN: DISI 
Type species: Macronemurus darwini Banks, 
[1915b] 1914-1915: 619 (as "Brachyleon 
darwini (Banks)"), original designation. 
BRACHYNEMURUS Hagen, 1888: 34. 

MYR: MYRN: BRAI 
Type species: Myrmecoleon longicaudus 
Burmeister, 1839: 994 (as "B. longicaudus"), 
subsequent designation by Banks, 1899: 70. 
CALINEMURUS Banks, 1899: 70. 

Type species: Brachynemurus californicus 
Banks, 1895: 519 (as "C. californicus, Bks."), 
original designation. Calinemurus was consid- 
ered a synonym of Brachynemurus by Stange, 
1970a: 51. 
CRYPTOLEON Banks, 1901a: 330. 

Type species: Myrmeleon conspersus 
Rambur, 1842: 387, original designation. 
Myrmeleon conspersus was considered a syn- 
onym of Myrmeleon nebulosum Olivier, 1811: 
127, by Stange, 1970a: 84. Cryptoleon was con- 
sidered a synonym of Brachynemurus by Stange, 
1970a: 51. 
AUSTROLEON Banks, 1909b: 3. 

Type species: Austroleon dispar Banks, 
1909b: 3, subsequent designation by Banks, 
1927: 53. Austroleon was considered a synonym 
of Brachynemurus by Stange, 1967: 47. 
MOZA Navas, 1912g: 34. 

Type species: Moza nubilis Navas, 1912g: 35, 
monotypy. Moza nubilis was considered a syn- 
onym of Myrmeleon immitis Walker, 1853: 331, 
by Stange, 1967: 51. Moza was considered a 
synonym of Brachynemurus by Stange, 1967:47. 
HESPEROLEON Banks, 1913b: 64. 

Type species: Myrmeleon ferox Walker, 
1853: 332 (as "B. ferox Walk."), original desig- 
nation. Hesperoleon was considered a synonym 
of Brachynemurus by Stange, 1970a: 51. 
CLATHRONEURIA Banks, 1913b: 65. 

Type species: Brachynemurus schwarzi 
Currie, 1903: 280, original designation. 
Clathroneuria was considered a synonym of 
Brachynemurus by Stange, 1970a: 51. 
SCOTOLEON Bin^s, 1913b: 65. 

Type species: Brachynemurus longipalpus 
Hagen, 1888: 95, original designation. 
Scototeon was considered a synonym of 
Brachynemurus by Stange, 1970a: 51. 



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13 



MASTEGA Navas, 1914m [February]: 13. 

Type species: Mastega texanus Navas, 
1914m: 14, monotypy. Mastega texanus was 
considered a synonym of Brachynemurus ir- 
regularis Currie, 1905: 186, by Stange, 1970a: 
78. Mastega was considered a synonym of 
Brachynemurus by Stange, 1970a: 51. 

COR RE A Navas, 1914e [October]: 217. 

Type species: Correa expansus Navas, 1914e: 
218, monotypy. Correa expansus was consid- 
ered a synonym of Myrmeleon immitis Walker, 
1853: 331, by Stange, 1967: 51. A junior hom- 
onym of Correa Fauvel, 1878: 592, - Insecta: 
Coleoptera: Staphylinidae. The objective re- 
placement name is Carreo Navas, 1926. Correa 
Navas, 1914, was considered a synonym of 
Brachynemurus by Stange, 1967: 47. 

++M07?A; Zoological Record (Insecta), 1914: 271. 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of Moza. 

ENSORRA Navas, 1915d [February]: 10. 

Type species: Ensorra modestus Navas, 
1915d: 11, monotypy. Ensorra modestus was 
considered a synonym of Austroleon verticalis 
Banks, 1910b: 149, by Stange, 1967: 54. En- 
sorra was considered a synonym of 
Brachynemurus by Stange, 1967: 48. 

COMPTESA Navas, 19l5e [June]: 464. 

Type species: Comptesa ambitiosa Navas, 
1915e: 464, monotypy. Comptesa ambitiosa was 
considered a synonym of Brachynemurus 
californicus Banks, 1895: 519, the type species 
of Calinemurus Banks, 1899, by Stange, 1970a: 
92. Comptesa (as +-*-Comptessa) was considered 
a synonym of Brachynemurus by Stange, 1970a: 
51. 

BELLUGA Navas, [1920d] 1919-1920: 194. 

Type species: Belluga implexa Navas, 
[1920d) 1919-1920: 195, monotypy. Belluga im- 
plexa was considered a synonym of 
Brachynemurus californicus Banks, 1895: 519, 
the type species of Calinemurus Banks, 1899, by 
Stange, 1970a: 93. Belluga was considered a 
synonym of Brachynemurus by Stange, 1970a: 
51. 

CLOWS Navas, [1922c] 1921: 257. 

Type species: Clotus atomicus Navas, 
[1922c] 1921: 257, monotypy. Clotus atomicus 
was considered a synonym of Austroleon dispar 
Banks, 1909b: 3, by Stange, 1967: 49. Clotus 
was considered a synonym of Brachynemurus by 
Stange, 1967: 48. 

DEJUNA Navas, 1924c: 57. 

Type species: Dejuna angusta Navas, 1924c: 
57, monotypy. Dejuna angusta was considered a 
synonym of Brachynemurus fenestratus Banks, 
1913a: 221, by Stange, 1970a: 59. Dejuna was 
considered a synonym of Brachynemurus by 
Stange, 1970a: 51. 

CARREO Navas, 1926d: 5. 

Type species: Correa expansus Navas, 1914e: 
218, monotypy (of Correa Navas, 1914). 
Correa expansus was considered a synonym of 
Myrmeleon immitis Walker, 1853: 331, by 
Stange, 1967: 51. Carreo was proposed as the 
objective replacement name for Correa Navas, 
1914. 

NETRONEURUS Banks. 1927: 42. 



Type species: Brachynemurus carolinus 
Banks, 1911a: 349 (as "N. carolinus Banks"), 
original designation. Netroneurus was consid- 
ered a synonym of Brachynemurus by Stange, 
1970a: 51. 
BOLLENGA Navas. 1932d: 13. 

Type species: Bollenga dinamitensis Navas, 
1932d: 14, monotypy. Bollenga dinamitensis 
was considered a synonym of Brachynemurus 
sackeni Hagen, 1888: 94, by Stange, 1970a: 144. 
Bollenga was considered a synonym of 
Brachynemurus by Stange, 1970a: 51. 
CURRIOMYIA Banks. 1939b: 3. 

Type species: Brachynemurus yavapai 
Currie, 1903: 281 (as "Hesperoleon yavapai 
Currie"), monotypy. Curriomyia was originally 
proposed as a subgenus of Hesperoleon Banks, 
1913. Curriomyia was considered a synonym of 
Brachynemurus by Stange, 1970a: 51. 
++CARREA; Banks, 1943d: 165. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Correa Navas, 1914. 
INDOLEON Fraser, 1952: 63. 

Type species: Indoleon lacroixi Fraser, 1952: 
63, original designation. A junior homonym of 
Indoleon Banks, 1913a: 222, - Insecta: Neu- 
roptera: Myrmeleontidae. There is no objective 
replacement name. Indoleon Fraser, 1952, was 
considered a synonym of Hesperoleon by Markl, 
1954: 224. 
++COMPTESSA; Stange, 1970a: 51. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Comptesa. 
BRACHYPLECTRON Esben-Petersen, 1925b: 336. 

MYR: MYRN: DISI 
Type species: Brachyplectron capense 
Esben-Petersen, 1925b: 336, monotypy. 
BRACHYSTOMA Rambur, 1842. See Savigniella Kirby. 

1900. 
-i->-BRANCHIOSTOMA, misspelling. See Sisyra 

Burmeisier. 1839. 
BRANCHIOTOMA Westwood, [1842] 1841-1843. See 

Sisyra Burmeister. 1839. 
BRASILEON Miller and Stange, 1989. See Dimarella 

(Brasileon) Miller and Stange, 1989. 
BRAUEROBIUS Kriiger. 1922. Sec Hemerobius 

{Brauerobitis) Kriiger, 1922. 
BREVISTOMA Tjeder. 1967a: 369. NEM: NEMN 

Type species: Savigniella bourboni Navas, 
1931a: 116 (as "Savignyella [sic] bourboni"), 
original designation. 
BRIDAROLLUS Navas. 1933. See Lemolemus Navas, 

1911. 
BRINCKOCIIRYSA Tjeder, 1966: 360. 

CHR: CIIRN: CHRI 
Type species: Chrysopa (Brinckochrysa) 
peri Tjeder, 1966: 361, original designation. 
Brinckochrysa was originally proposed as a sub- 
genus of Chrysopa Leach in Brewster, 1815. 
NED A Navas, 1933b: 106. 

Type species: Neda decaryella Navas, 1933b: 
106, monotypy. A junior homonym of Neda 
Mulsant. 1850: 274, - Insecta: Coleoptera; Neda 
Adams, [1854] 1853-1858: 40. - MoUusca: Gas- 
teropoda; Neda Chambers. 1874: 243, - Insecta: 
Lepidoptera. There is no objective replacement 
name. Neda Navas, 1933, was considered a syn- 
onym of Brinckochrysa by Brooks and Barnard, 
1990: 193. 



14 



OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. No. 147 



BRISUS Navas, 1931b: 67. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Brisus salomonicus Navas, 
1931b: 67, monotypy. 

BRUCHEISER Navas, 1927a: 62. CON: BRUN 

Type species: Brucheiser argentinus Navas, 
1927a: 63, monotypy. Brucheiser was originally 
placed in a new family, Brucheiseridae, in the 
order Megalopiera. According to P. A. Adams 
(pers. comm.) this genus will form a new sub- 
family in the Coniopterygidae. 

BUBO Rambur, 1842. See Bubopsis McLachlan, 1898. 

BUBOPSIS McLachlan, 1898a: 159. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Ascalaphus agrionoides 
Rambur, [1838] 1837-1840: piate 9, figure 2 [ac- 
companying letterpress never published] (as 
"Bubo agrioides [sic] Rambur"), subsequent des- 
ignation by Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 271. 

Note: The specific name agrionoides was pub- 
lished in 1838 in the 'Faune Entomologique de 
r Andalousie* in the combination Ascalaphus 
agrionoides Rambur and has priority over the al- 
tered spelling agrioides which was published in 
1842. Having been associated with a figure in 
Rambur's earlier work, the former spelling is 
available under Article 12b(7). It is not a nomen 
nudum as indicated by Van der Weele, [1909a] 
1908: 272. Bubopsis was proposed as the objec- 
tive replacement name for Bubo Rambur, 1842. 
BUBO Rambur, 1842: 353. 

Type species: Ascalaphus agrionoides 
Rambur, [1838] 1837-1840: plate 9, figure 2 (ac- 
companying letterpress never published), subse- 
quent designation (of Bubopsis McLachlan, 
1898). A junior homonym of Bubo Dumeril, 
1806: 34, - Aves: Strigiformes: Strigidae. The 
objective replacement name is Bubopsis 
McLachlan, 1898. 
PHYURUS Navas, 1900: 95. 

Type species: Ascalaphus agrionoides 
Rambur, [1838] 1837-1840: plate 9, figure 2 [ac- 
companying letterpress never published] (as 
"Phyurus agrioides Ramb."), monotypy. Phy- 
urus is a junior objective synonym of Bubo 
Rambur, 1842, and Bubopsis McLachlan, 1898. 

++BUCHAR1SPA Kozhantshikov, 1949. Sec Nampisia 
Navas, 1914. 

BULLANGA Navas, 1917c: 15. MYR: MYRN: DENI 

Type species: Bullanga binaria Navas, 1917c: 
15, monotypy. 

BUXTON] A Esben-Petersen, 1928. See Notiobiella 
Banks, 1909. 

BUYDA Navas, 1926b: 87. MAN: MANN 

Type species: Buyda apicata Navas, 1926b: 
87, monotypy. 

BYAS Rambur, 1842. See Ascalobyas Penny, [1982] 
1981. 

CABRALIS Navas, 1912a: 109. PSY 

Type species: Cabralis gloriosus Navas, 
1912a: 110, monotypy. 

CACARULLA Navas, 1910f: 479. CHR: CHRN: LEUI 
Type species: Allochrysa maculipennis 
Banks, 1910b: 150 (as "Cacarulla 
maculipennis"), original designation. 
++CARCARULLA; Banks, [1946] 1945: 142. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Cacarulla. 

CALINEMURUS Bznks, 1899. See. Brachynemurus 
Hagen, 1888. 



CALLISTOLEON Banks, 1910c: 42 

MYR: MYRN: MYRI 
Type species: Myrmeleon erythrocephalum 
Leach, 1814: 70, original designation. 
++CALOBOPTERUS, misspelling. See Ameropierus 

Esben-Petersen, 1922. 
CALOCHRYSA Banks, 1943b: 100. CHR: CHRN: BELI 
Type species: Chrysopa extranea Esben- 
Petersen, 1917c: 216, original designation. 
CALOMANTISPA Banks, 1913a: 209. MAN: CALN 

Type species: Calomantispa spectabilis 
Banks, 1913a: 210, monotypy. 
CAMPANACELLA Handschin, 1961: 280. MAN: MANN 
Type species: Mantispa hamiltonella West- 
wood, 1867: 506, original designation. 
CAMPESTRETUS Navas, 1933b: 103. 

MYR: MYRN: DISI 

Type species: Neuroleon extraneus Navas, 

1912g: 71, original designation. 

CAMPION Navas, 1914g: 65. MAN: MANN 

Type species: Campion rubellus Navas, 

1914g: 65, monotypy. 

Note: We have been unable to critically deter- 
mine the priority of the synonymous names Cam- 
pion and Jsla. We list Campion as the senior 
synonym following Lambkin, 1986b: 10. 
ISLA Navas, 1914h: 652. 

Type species: Isia verendus Navas, 1914h: 
652, monotypy. Isla verendus was considered a 
synonym of Mantispa australasiae Guerin- 
Meneville. [1844] 1829-1838: 392, by Lambkin, 
1986b: 15. Isla was considered a synonym of 
Campion by Lambkin, 1986b: 10, but see note 
under Campion. 
CAMPYLOPHLEBIA McLachlan, 1891b: 510. 

ASC: HAPN 
Type species: Campylophlebia magnifica 
McLachlan, 1891b: 511, monotypy. 
CANISIUS Navas, 1913. See Drepanepteryx Leach in 

Brewster, 1815. 
CAPICUA Navas. [1921b] 1919: 66. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Capicua fulvicauda Navas, 
[1921b] 1919: 66. monotypy. 
CAPOCONIS Meinander, 1972. See Helicoconis 

(Capoconis) Meinander, 1972. 
CAPOPHANES Banks, 1938d: 125. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Capophanes conspersa Banks, 
1938d: 126, monotypy. 
++CARCARULLA, misspelling. See Cacarulla Navas, 

1910. 
CARINOSMYLUS New. 1986a: 447. OSM: STEN 

Type species: Carinosmylus durus New. 
1986a: 448. original designation. 
CARNARVIANA Mansell. 1983b: 619. NEM: CRON 
Type species: Carnarviana cretata Mansell, 
1983b: 620, original designation. 
++CARNARVONIANA; New, 1986b: 37. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Carnarviana. 
++CARNARVONIANA, misspelling. See Carnarviana 

Mansell, 1983. 
CAROBIUS Banks, 1909a: 78. HEM 

Type species: Carobius pulchellus Banks. 
1909a: 79, original designation. 
++CARREA, misspelling. See Brachynemurus Hagen, 

1888. 
CARREO Navas, 1926. See Brachynemurus Hagen, 1888. 



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15 



CATALEON Navas, 1933. See Xantholeon Tillyard, 

1916. 
CENTROCLISIS Navas. 1909f: 71. MYR: ACAN 

Type species: Centroclisis lanosa Navas, 
1909f: 72, monotypy. Incorrect type species des- 
ignation by Holzel, 1972:13, of Acanthaclisis 
cervina Gerstaecker, 1863: 176. 
NEBODA Navas, 1911a: 116. 

Type species: Neboda negligens Navas, 
1911a: 116, monotypy. Neboda was considered 
a synonym of Centroclisis by Stange and Miller, 
1985: 33. 
NEOCLISIS Navas, 1914n: 205. 

Type species: Neoclisis lineata Navas, 1914n: 
206, by the following designation: "El tipo sera 
la especie que voy a describir. . . . [Below] 5. 
Neoclisis lineata sp. nov." Neoclisis was consid- 
ered a synonym of Centroclisis by Stange and 
Miller, 1985: 33. 
SOGRASSA Navas, 1924d: 71. 

Type species: Sogra superba Navas, 1912b: 
161, original designation. Sograssa was consid- 
ered a synonym of Centroclisis by Stange and 
Miller, 1985: 29. 
STENOCLISIS Navas, 1932e: 62. 

Type species: Stenoclisis media Navas, 
1932e: 63, monotypy. Stenoclisis was consid- 
ered a synonym of Centroclisis by Stange and 
Miller, 1985: 33. 
++SOGROSSA\ Eraser, 1951a: 352. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Sograssa. 
CENTROLYSMUS Navas, 1917. See Thyridosmylus 

Kruger, 1913. 
CERAEOCHRYSA Adams, 1982a: 70. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 
Type species: Chrysopa cincta Schneider, 
1851: 86, original designation. 
CERATOCHRYSA Tjeder, 1966: 352. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 

Type species: Chrysopa ceratina Navas, 

1910g: 44, original designation. Ceratochrysa 

was originally proposed as a subgenus of 

Chrysopa Leach in Brewster, 1815. 

MUSOLA Navas, 1929a: 367. 

Type species: Musola impar Navas, 1929a: 
368, monotypy. A junior homonym of Musola 
Roewer, 1927: 398, - Arachnida: Opiliones: As- 
samiidae. There is no objective replacement 
name. Musola Navas, 1929, was considered a 
synonym of Ceratochrysa by Brooks and Bar- 
nard, 1990: 196. 
CERATOLEON Esben-Petersen, 1917c: 207. 

MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Ceratoleon brevicornis Esben- 
Petersen, 1917c: 207, original designation. 
CERAUS Navas, 1900. See Suhpalacsa Lefebvre, 1842. 
CERCOMANTISPA Handschin, 1959: 224. 

MAN: MANN 
Type species: Mantispa mozambica West- 
wood, 1852: 269 (as "Cercomantispa mozambica 
Westwood 1852"), original designation. 
CHABALUS Navas, [1935c] 1934: 49. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Chabalus ineptus Navas, 
[1935c] 1934: 50, monotypy. 
CHAETOLEON Banks, 1920: 328. MYR: MYRN 



Type species: Myrmecoleon pumilis Burmeis- 
ter, 1839: 995 (as "Myrmeleon pumilis Burmeis- 
ter"), original designation. 
++CHASMATOPTERA, misspelling. See Chasmoptera 

Kirby. 1900. 
++CHASMOPTEERA, misspelling. See Chasmoptera 

Kirby, 1900. 
CHASMOPTERA Kirby, 1900: 462. NEM: NEMN 

Type species: Nemoptera huttii Westwood, 
1848: xxvii, monotypy. 
++CHASMATOPTERA; Zoological Record (Insecta). 
1900: 338. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Chasmoptera. 
++CHASMOPTEERA; Navas, 1910e: 353. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Chasmoptera. 
CHILOLEON Navas, 1934b: 11. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Chiloleon stuardinus Navas, 
1934b: 11, monotypy. 
CHRYSACANTHIA Lacroix, 1923: 120. 

CHR: CHRN: BELI 
Type species: Chrysacanthia esbeniana 
Lacroix, 1923: 120, monotypy. 
NESOCHRYSA Eraser, 1951b: 29. 

Type species: Ncsochrysa varicella Eraser, 
1951b: 29, original designation. A junior hom- 
onym oi Nesochrysa Navas, 1910g: 53, - Insecta: 
Neuroptera: Chrysopidae. There is no objective 
replacement name. Nesochrysa Eraser, 1951, was 
considered a synonym of Chrysacanthia by 
Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 168. 
CHRYSALOYSIA Navas, 1928c: 87. 

CHR: CHRN: BELI 
Type species: Chrysaloysia somalica Navas, 
1928c: 88, monotypy. 
CHRYSEMOSA Brooks and Barnard, 1990:198. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 

Type species: Mesochrysa stigmata Navas, 

1936c: 169, monotypy {of Mesochrysa Navas, 

1936). Chrysemosa was proposed as the objective 

replacement name for Mesochrysa Navas, 1936. 

MESOCHRYSA Navas, 1936c: 169. 

Type species: Mesochrysa stigmata Navas, 
1936c: 169, monotypy. A junior homonym of 
Mesochrysa Navas, 1927a: 55, - Insecta: Neu- 
roptera: Chrysopidae. The objective replacement 
name is Chrysemosa Brooks and Barnard, 1990. 
CHRYSOCERCA Van der Weele, 1909b: 75. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 
Type species: Chrysocerca jacobsoni Van der 
Weele, 1909b: 75, original designation. 
++CHRYSOCEREA; Zoological Record (Insecta), 

1909: 357. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Chrysocerca. 
PSEUDOCHRYSA Okamoto, 1914: 54. 

Type species: Pseudochrysa formosana 
Okamoto, 1914: 55, original designation. 
Pseudochrysa was considered a synonym of 
Chrysocerca by Kuwayama, 1966: 137. 
++CHRYSOCEREA, misspelling. See Chrysocerca Van 

der Weele, 1909. 
CHRYSOLEON Banks, 1910c: 43. MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Chrysoleon punctatum Banks, 
1910c: 43, monotypy. 
CHRYSOPA Leach in Brewster, 1815a: 138. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 

Type species: Hemerobius peria Linnaeus, 

1758: 549, subsequent designation by the Inter- 



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OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, No. 147 



national Commission on Zoological Nomencla- 
ture, 1954a: 3, using the plenary powers in sus- 
pension of the rules. To preserve accustomed 
usage, the Commission in Opinion 21 1 set aside 
using the plenary powers all prior type selections 
for Chrysopa and designated Hemerobius perla 
Linnaeus, 1758, as its type species. The generic 
name Chrysopa Linnaeus, 1758, was placed on 
the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology: 
Name No. 645. The specific name perla 
Linnaeus, 1758, as published in the combination 
Hemerobius perla, was placed on the Official 
List of Specific Names in Zoology: Name No. 
22. Invalidated type species designations by Cur- 
tis, 1834: plate 520 (and associated unpaginated 
letterpress), and Westwood, [1838] 1838-1840: 
48, of Hemerobius perla Linnaeus, 1758. Type 
selections set aside by the International Commis- 
sion on Zoological Nomenclature, 1954a: 12. In- 
correct type species designation by Navas, 1915j: 
13, of Chrysopa vulgaris Schneider, 1851: 68. 
Type selection set aside by the International 
Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1954a: 
12. Incorrect type species designation by 
Steinmann, 1964: 257, oi Chrysopa viltata 
Wesmael, 1841: 211. 

AEOLOPS Billberg, 1820: 95. 

Type species: Hemerobius chrysops 
Linnaeus, 1758: 549, subsequent designation by 
Tjeder, 1966: 351. Hemerobius chrysops was 
considered a synonym of Hemerobius perla 
Linnaeus, 1758: 549, the type species of 
Chrysopa {Chrysopa) Leach in Brewster, 1815, 
by H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 244. 
Aeolops was considered a synonym of Chrysopa 
by Brroks and Barnard 1990: 201. 

EMEROBIUS O. G. Costa, 1834: 72. 

Type species: Hemerobius chrysops 
Linnaeus, 1758: 549 (as "crisops [sic]"), 
monotypy. Hemerobius chrysops was considered 
a synonym of Hemerobius perla Linnaeus, 1758: 
549, the type species of Chrysopa {Chrysopa) 
Leach in Brewster, 1815, by H. Aspock, U. 
Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 244. Emerobius is a 
junior objective synonym of Aeolops Billberg, 
1820. 

M ELANOPS Doumcic, 1861: 192. 

Type species: Chrysopa parvula Doumerc, 
1861: 192, monotypy. Melanops was considered 
a synonym of Chrysopa by Leraut, [1981] 1980: 
242. 

++CHRYSOPS; Doumerc, 1861: 192. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Chrysopa. 

CHRYSOPISCA McLachlan in Fedtschenko, 1875b: 
23. 

Type species: Chrysopisca minuta 
McLachlan in Fedtschenko, 1875b: 23, 
monotypy. Chrysopisca was considered a syn- 
onym of Chrysopa by Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 
201. 

++CHRYSOPICSA; McLachlan in Fedtschenko, 
1875b: 24. An incorrect original spelling. 
Acting as first revisers. Article 24b, we 
presently select Chrysopisca as the correct 
original spelling. 

++CRYSOPA; Gundlach, [1888] 1886: 198. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Chrysopa. 



CINTAMEVA Navas, 19141: 214. 

Type species: Cintameva venulosa Navas, 
19141: 214, original designation. Cintameva 
venulosa was considered a synonym of Chrysopa 
dubitans McLachlan, 1887: 448, by H. Aspock, 
U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 250. Cintameva 
was considered a synonym of Chrysopa by 
Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 201. 
MINVA Navas, [1920a] 1919: 288. 

Type species: Minva punctata Navas, [1920a] 
1919: 288, original designation. Minva was con- 
sidered a synonym of Chrysopa by Brooks and 
Barnard, 1990: 201. 
^^CINTAMERA; Navas, 1921a: 121. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Cintameva. 
POLYPHLEBA Navas, [1936e] 1935: 88. 

Type species: Polyphleba punctata Navas, 
[1936e] 1935: 89, monotypy. Polyphleba (as 
"Polyplebia") was considered a synonym of 
Chrysopa by Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 201. 
METACHRYSOPA Steinmann, 1964: 264. 

Type species: Chrysopa septempunctata 
Wesmael, 1841: 210, original designation. 
Metachrysopa was originally proposed as a sub- 
genus of Chrysopa Leach in Brewster, 1815. 
Metachrysopa was considered a synonym of 
Chrysopa by Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 201. 
NIGROCHRYSOPA Steinmann, 1964: 264. 

Type species: Chrysopa formosa Brauer, 
1851: 8, original designation. Nigrochrysopa 
was originally proposed as a subgenus of 
Chrysopa Leach in Brewster, 1815. 
Nigrochrysopa was considered a synonym of 
Chrysopa by Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 201. 
++AELOPS; H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 

1980: 244. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Aeolops. 
PARACHRYSOPA Semeria, 1983: 310. 

Type species: Hemerobius pallens Rambur, 
1842: 425, original designation. Hemerobius 
pallens was considered a synonym of Chrysopa 
septempunctata Wesmael, 1841: 210, the type 
species of Metachrysopa Steinmann, 1964, by H. 
Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 254. 
Parachrysopa was considered a synonym of 
Chrysopa by Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 201. 
++POLYPHLEBIA; Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 201. 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of Polyphleba. 
CHRYSOPERLA Steinmann, 1964: 260. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 
Type species: Chrysopa carnea Stephens, 
1836: 103, original designation. Chrysoperla was 
originally proposed as a subgenus of Chrysopa 
Leach in Brewster, 1815. 
++CHRYSOP/CSA, misspelling. See Chrysopa Leachin 

Brewster, 1815. 
CHRYSOPIDIA Navas, 1910g: 54. CHR: CHRN: CHRI 
Type species: Chrysopidia nigrata Navas, 
1910g: 55, monotypy. 
(ANACHRYSA) Holzel, 1973: 356. 

Type species: Chrysopidia (Anachrysa) ele- 
gans Holzel, 1973: 357, original designation. An- 
achrysa was originally proposed as a subgenus of 
Chrysopidia Navas, 1910. 
(CHRYSOTROPIA) Navas, 1911c: 12. 

Type species: Chrysotropia lacroixi Navas, 
1911c: 13, monotypy. Chrysotropia lacroixi was 



OSWALD AND PENNY: NEUROPTERA. MEGALOPTERA. AND RAPfflDIOPTERA 



17 



considered a synonym of Chrysopa ciliata 
Wesmael, 1841: 212, by H. Aspock, U. Aspock 
and Holzel, 1980: 243. Incorrect type species 
designation by Holzel, 1970a: 51, of Chrysopa 
ciliata Wesmael, 1841: 212. Chrysotropia was 
considered a subgenus of Chrysopidia by Brooks 
and Barnard, 1990: 209. 
CHRYSOPIELLA Banks, 1911. See Eremochrysa 

{Chrysopiella) Banks, 1911. 
CHRYSOPISCA McLachlan in Fedtschenko, 1875. See 

Chrysopa Leach in Brewster, 1815. 
CHRYSOPLECTA Navas, 1910. See Tumeochrysa 

Needham, 1909. 
CHRYSOPODES Navas, [1913h] 1912-1913: 329. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 
Type species: Chrysopodes canudasi Navas, 
[1913h] 1912-1913: 330, monotypy. 
Chrysopodes canudasi was considered a syn- 
onym of Nothochrysa geayi Navas, 1910g: 54, by 
Adams and Penny, [1987] 1985: 423. 
ORLANDISA Navas, [19141] 1913-1914: 112. 

Type species: Orlandisa jubilosa Navas, 
[19141] 1913-1914: 113, monotypy. Orlandisa 
(as ■¥-¥Orlandsia) was considered a synonym of 
Chrysopodes by Adams and Penny, [1987] 1985: 
422. 
ANCYLOCHRYSA Navas, 1928a: 129. 

Type species: Ancylochrysa nevermanni 
Navas, 1928a: 130, monotypy. Ancylochrysa 
was considered a synonym of Chrysopodes by 
Adams and Penny, [1987] 1985: 422. 
++ORLANDSIA; Penny, [1978] 1977: 28. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Orlandisa. 
(NEOSUARIUS) Adams and Penny, [1987] 1985: 435. 
Type species: Chrysopa collaris Schneider, 
1851: 80, original designation. Neosuarius was 
originally proposed as a subgenus of 
Chrysopodes Navas, [1913] 1912-1913. 
++NEOSUARUS; Adams and Penny, [1987] 1985: 
413. An incorrect original spelling. Acting as 
first revisers. Article 24b, we presently select 
Neosuarius as the correct original spelling. 
++CHRYSOPS, misspelling. See Chrysopa Leach in 

Brewster, 1815. 
CHRYSOTROPIA Navas, 1911. See Chrysopidia 

{Chrysotropia) Navas, 1911. 
++CIDOLEON, misspelling. See Disloleon Banks, 1910. 
++C1NTAMERA, misspelling. See Chrysopa Leach in 

Brewster, 1815. 
CINTAMEVA Navas, 1914. See Chrysopa Leach in 

Brewster, 1815. 
CIRROPS Tjeder, 1980: 408. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Cirrops kumari Tjeder, 1980: 
409, original designation. 
++CLADOCERA Hagen, 1860. See Dilar Rambur, 

[1838] 1837-1840. 
+-I-CLADOCHRYSA Banks, 1938b: 225. CHR 

A nomen nudum, having been published after 
1930 and not accompanied by fixation of the type 
species by designation or indication. Article 13b. 
Included species: none. 
CLATHRONEURIA Banks, 1913. Sw Brachynemurus 

Hagen, 1888. 
CLAVERINA Navas, 1913i: 164. CHR: APON 

Type species: Apochrysa beata Walker, 1860: 
184 (as "Claverina beata Walk."), monotypy. 



++CLIMACEA, misspelling. See Climacia McLachlan, 

1869. 
CLIMACIA McLachlan, 1869a: 21. SIS 

Type species: Micromus areolaris Hagen, 
1861: 199, original designation. 
++CLIMACEA; Withycombe, [1925a] 1924-1925: 
333. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Climacia. 
CLIMACIELLA Enderlein, 1910a: 360. MAN: MANN 
Type species: Mantispa brunnea Say in Keat- 
ing, 1824: 309, original designation. 
++CLIMATIELLA; Zoological Record (Insecta), 

1913: 394. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Climaciella. 
NOBREGA Navas, 1914e: 233. 

Type species: Nobrega tinctus Navas, 1914e: 
233, monotypy. Nobrega was considered a syn- 
onym of Climaciella by Penny, 1982a: 220. 
++CLIMATIELLA, misspelling. See Climaciella 

Enderlein, 1910. 
CLOTUS Navas, [1922] 1921. See Brachynemurus 

Hagen, 1888. 
CLYDOSMYLUS New, 1983a: 408. GSM: KEMN 

Type species: Clydosmylus montanus New, 
1983a: 409, original designation. 
++COCHOPTERELLA, misspelling. See Conchopterella 

Handschin, 1955. 
COCIUS Navas, [1921c] 1919: 296. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Cocius angustatus Navas, 
[1921c] 1919: 297, monotypy. 
COLINUS Navas, 1925. See Neurocolinus Navas, 1930. 
COLOBOPTERUS Rambur, 1842. See Ameropterus 

Esben-Petersen, 1922. 
COLOMA Navas, 1915. See Sympherobius Banks, 1904. 
COMPSOLEON Banks, 1913a: 223.MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Myrmeleon occultus Walker, 
1853: 386, original designation. 
COMPTESA Navas, 1915. See Brachynemurus Hagen, 

1888. 
++COMPTESSA, misspelling. See Brachynemurus 

Hagen, 1888. 
CONCHOPTERELLA Handschin, 1955: 9. HEM 

Type species: Conchopterella kuschcli Hand- 
schin, 1955: 10, original designation. 
++COCHOPTERELLA; Zimmerman, 1957: 73. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Conchopterella. 
++CONCHOPTERYGELLA; New, 1986b: 18. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Conchopterella. 
++CONCHOPTERYGELLA, misspelling. See 

Conchopterella Handschin, 1955. 
CONCHYLOSMYLUS Kruger, 1914. See Spilosmylus 

Kolbe, 1897. 
CONCROCE Tjeder, 1967a: 338. NEM: CRON 

Type species: Concroce hessei Tjeder, 1967a: 
339, original designation. Concroce hessei was 
considered a synonym of Concroce capensis Tje- 
der, 1967a: 344, by Mansell, 1981a: 91. 
CONGOLEON Navas, 1936f: 337. MYR: MYRN: MYRI 
Type species: Congoleon soclatus Navas, 
1936f: 337, monotypy. 
++CONIACOMPSA, misspelling. See Coniocompsa 

Enderlein, 1905. 
++CONIOCAMPSA, misspelling. See Coniocompsa 

Enderlein. 1905. 
CONIOCOMPSA Enderlein, 1905a: 225. CON: ALEN 
Type species: Coniocompsa vcsiculigera En- 
derlein. 1905a: 225, original designation. 



18 



OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. No. 147 



++CONIACOMPSA; Adelung, 1908: 35. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Coniocompsa. 
++CONIOCAMPSA; Stitz, 1931: 88. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Coniocompsa. 
++CONIOPTERYNX, misspelling. See Coniopteryx 

(Coniopteryx) Curtis, 1834. 
CONIOPTERYX Curtis, 1834: unpaginated letterpress 

to plate 528. CON: CONN 

Type species: Coniopteryx tineiformis Cur- 
tis, 1834: unpaginated letterpress to plate 528, 
original designation. Incorrect type species des- 
ignation by Westwood, [1838] 1838-1840: 48, of 
Hemerobius parvulus Miiller, 1764: 66 (as "H. 
parvulus Vill. [sic]"). 
++CONIORTES Westwood, 1834: xxvii. A nomen 
nudum, having been published before 1931 and 
not accompanied by a description, definition or 
indication. Article 12a. Included species: 
none. ++Coniortes was considered 
synonymous with Coniopteryx by Meinander, 
1972a: 193. 
MALACOMYZA Wesmael, 1836a: 166. 

Type species: Malacomyza lactea Wesmael, 
1836a: 167, monotypy. Malacomyza lactea was 
considered a synonym of Coniopteryx tineiformis 
Curtis, 1834: unpaginated letterpress to plate 
528, the type species of Coniopteryx Curtis, 
1834, by Meinander, 1972a: 252. Malacomyza 
was considered a synonym of Coniopteryx by 
Meinander, 1972a: 193. 
++A/AL/\COM/ZA; Wesmael, 1836a: 166. An 
incorrect original spelling. Acting as first 
revisers. Article 24b, we presently select 
Malacomyza as the correct original spelling. 
^-^MALACOMYZE; Wesmael, 1836b: 214. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Malacomyza. 
5C/OZ) t/5 Zetterstedt, 1840: 1050. 

Type species: Sciodus lacteus Zellerstedt, 
1840: 1051, monotypy. Sciodus lacteus was con- 
sidered a synonym of Coniopteryx tineiformis 
Curtis, 1834: unpaginated letterpress to plate 
528, the type species of Coniopteryx Curtis, 
1834, by Meinander, 1972a:252. Sciodus was 
considered a synonym of Coniopteryx by 
Meinander, 1972a: 193. 
ALEURONIA Fitch, [1855] 1854: 801. 

Type species: Aleuronia weslwoodii Fitch, 
[1855] 1854: 802, monotypy. Aleuronia was 
considered a synonym of Coniopteryx by 
Meinander, 1972a: 193. 
■^■■^CONIOPTERYNX; Okamoto, 1905: 115. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Coniopteryx. 
DEASIA Navas and Marcet, 1910: 150. 

Type species: Deasia parthenia Navas and 
Marcet, 1910: 151, monotypy. Deasia was con- 
sidered a synonym of Coniopteryx by Meinander, 
1972a: 193. 
++GONIOPTERYX; Wiihycombe, 1925b: 12. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Coniopteryx. 
+-^SCONIOPTERYX; Ressl. 1964: 12. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Coniopteryx. 
++CONYOPTERYX; Kis, 1969: 37. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Coniopteryx. 
++CONIPTERYX\ Throne, 1972: 125. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Coniopteryx. 
(METACONIOPTERYX) Kis in Kis, Nagler and 
Mandru, 1970: 85. 



Type species: Coniopteryx esbenpeterseni 
Tjeder, 1930: 206, original designation. The 
original spelling of the specific name of the type 
species, esben-peterseni, has been corrected to 
esbenpeterseni, a mandatory change under Arti- 
cle 31d(iv). Metaconiopteryx was originally pro- 
posed as a subgenus of Coniopteryx Curtis, 1834. 
Metaconiopteryx was considered a subgenus of 
Coniopteryx by Meinander, 1972a: 274. 
++METACONIOPTERYX Kis, 1969: 39. A nomen 
nudum, having been published after 1930 and 
not accompanied by fixation of the type 
species by designation or indication. Article 
13b. ++Metaconiopteryx Kis, 1969, was 
considered synonymous with Coniopteryx 
(Metaconiopteryx) Kis in Kis, Nagler and 
Mandru, 1970, by Meinander, 1972a: 274. 
(XEROCONIOPTERYX) Meinander, 1972a: 203. 

Type species: Coniopteryx loipetsederi H. 
Aspock, 1963: 95, original designation (of As- 
poeckiana Kis in Kis, Nagler and Mandru, 1970). 
Xeroconiopteryx was proposed as the objective 
replacement name for Aspoeckiana Kis in Kis, 
Nagler and Mandru, 1970. Xeroconiopteryx was 
considered a subgenus of Coniopteryx by 
Meinander, 1972a: 203. 
++ASPOECKIANA Kis, 1969: 39. A nomen nudum. 
having been published after 1930 and not 
accompanied by fixation of the type species by 
original designation or indication. Article 13b. 
Incorrect type species designation in the 
Zoological Record (Insecta), [1973] 1969: 499, 
of Coniopteryx loipetsederi H. Aspock, 
1963:95. ++Aspoeckiana Kis, 1969, was 
considered synonymous with Coniopteryx 
(Xeroconiopteryx) by Meinander, 1972a: 203. 
ASPOECKIANA Kis in Kis, Nagler and Mandru, 
1970: 84. 

Type species: Coniopteryx loipetsederi H. 
Aspock, 1963: 95 (as "loispetsederi [sic]"), orig- 
inal designation. A junior homonym of As- 
poeckiana Holzel, 1969: 287, - Insecta: 
Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae. The objective re- 
placement name is Xeroconiopteryx Meinander, 
1972. Aspoeckiana Kis in Kis, Nagler and 
Mandru, 1970, was originally proposed as a sub- 
genus of Coniopteryx Curtis, 1834. 
(PROTOCONIOPTERYX) Meinander, 1972a: 231. 

Type species: Coniopteryx australis Meinan- 
der, 1972a: 231, original designation. Pro- 
toconiopteryx was considered a subgenus of 
Coniopteryx by Meinander, 1972a: 231. 
(SCOTOCONIOPTERYX) Meinander, 1972a: 232. 

Type species: Coniopteryx fumata Enderlein, 
1907a: 10, original designation. 

Scotoconiopteryx was considered a subgenus of 
Coniopteryx by Meinander, 1972a: 232. 
(HOLOCONIOPTERYX) Meinander, 1972a: 269. 

Type species: Coniopteryx turneri Kimmins, 
1935a: 569, original designation. 
Holoconiopteryx was considered a subgenus of 
Coniopteryx by Meinander, 1972a: 269. 
++CONIORTES Westwood, 1834. See Coniopteryx 

(Coniopteryx) Curtis, 1834. 
+-i-CONlPTERYX, misspelling. See Coniopteryx 
(Coniopteryx) Curtis, 1834. 



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19 



+ + CONKEN'l ZIA , misspelling. See Conwentzia 
Enderlein. 1905. 

++CONVENTZIA, misspelling. See Conwentzia 
Enderlein, 1905. 

CONWENTZIA Enderlein. 1905b: 10. CON: CONN 

Type species: Conwentzia pineticola Enderl- 
ein, 1905b: 10, original designation. Incorrect 
type species designation by Navas, [1924g] 1923: 
240, of Coniopteryx psociformis Curtis, 1834: 
unpaginated letterpress to plate 528. 
++CONVENTZIA; Zoological Record (Insecta), 

1913: 394. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Conwentzia. 
++CONKENTZIA; Parfin, 1952: 426. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Conwentzia. 

++CONYOPTERYX, misspelling. See Coniopteryx 
(Coniopteryx) Curtis, 1834. 

CORDESES Navas, 1914. See Ganguilus Navas, 1912. 

CORDULECERUS Rambur, 1842: 359. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Ascalaphus surinamensis 
Fabricius, 1798: 207, monotypy, but see below. 
Incorrect type species designation by Van der 
Weele, [1909a] 1908:143, of Cordulecerus 
maclachlani Selys-Longchamps, 1871: xxxii. In- 
correct type species designation by Orfila, 1949: 
192, of Ascalaphus alopecinus Burmeister, 
1839: 1000. Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 143, 
indicates that the Ascalaphus surinamensis of 
Rambur, 1842, is a misidentification (of A. sur- 
inamensis Fabricius, 1789) conspecific with 
Cordulecerus maclachlani Selys-Longchamps, 
1871 (part), and Ascalaphus alopecinus Burmeis- 
ter, 1839 (part). This is a case of a misidentified 
type species which should be referred to the 
Commission under Article 70b. The taxonomic 
status of Cordulecerus should be reevaluated 
after its type species has been clarified. 
CORDYLOCERUS Agissiz, [1847] 1842-1846: 99. 
An unjustified emendation of Cordulecerus 
Rambur, 1842. An incorrect original 
transliteration or latinization does not 
constitute an incorrect original spelling. Article 
32c(ii), and is therefore not justifiable grounds 
for an emendation. 

CORDYLOCERUS Agassiz, [1847] 1842-1846. See 
Cordulecerus Rambur, 1842. 

CORMODES McLachlan, [1871] 1873. See 
Allocormodes McLachlan, 1891. 

CORMODOPHLEBIA Van der Weele. [1909a] 1908: 

79. ASC: HAPN 

Type species: Cormodophlebia pulchra Van 
der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 80, original designa- 
tion. 
++COSMODOPHLEBIA; Eraser, 1951a: 357. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Cormodophlebia. 

CORREA Navas, 1914. See Brachynemurus Hagen, 
1888. 

CORTESIUS Navas, 1924. See Eremoleon Banks, 1901. 

COSINA Navas, 1912g: 47. MYR: ACAN 

Type species: Acanthaclisis maclachlani Van 
der Weele, 1904: 210 (as "Mac Lachlani 
Weele"), monotypy. 

++COSMODOPHLEBIA, misspelling. See 

Cormodophlebia Van der Weele, [1909] 1908. 

++COSTACHELLA, misspelling. See Costachillea 
Navas, 1929. 



COSTACHILLEA Navas, 1929b: 73. BER: BERN 

Type species: Costachillea barbara Navas, 
1929b: 75, original designation. 
■¥+COSTACHELLA; MacLeod, [1968] 1967: 343. 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Costachillea. 
CRAMBOMORPIiUS McLachlan, [1867a] 1868: 243. 

MYR: PALN 
Type species: Palpares haematogaster 
Gerstaecker, 1863: 184, monotypy. 
CREAGRIS Hagen, 1860. See Creoleon Tillyard, 1918. 
CREOLEON Tillyard, 1918: 436. MYR: MYRN: DISI 
Type species: Myrmeleon plumbeum Olivier, 
1811: 126, subsequent designation (of Creagris 
Hagen, 1860). Incorrect type species designation 
by Holzel, 1972: 60, of Myrmeleon lugdunese 
Villers, 1789: 63. Creoleon was proposed as the 
objective replacement name for Creagris Hagen, 
1860. 
CREAGRIS Hagen, 1860a: 364. 

Type species: Myrmeleon plumbeum Olivier, 
1811: 126 (as "C. plumbeus Oliv."), subsequent 
designation by Banks, 1911b: 14. Incorrect type 
species designation by H. Aspock, U. Aspock 
and Holzel, 1980: 307, oi Myrmeleon lugdunese 
Villers, 1789: 63. A junior homonym of 
Creagris Nietner, 1857: 139, - Insecta: Col- 
eoptera: Carabidae. The objective replacement 
name is Creoleon Tillyard, 1918. 
CROCE McLachlan, 1885: 378. NEM: CRON 

Type species: Nematoptera filipennis West- 
wood, 1841: 13, original designation. Incorrect 
type species designation by Navas, 1912d: 17, of 
Nemoptera alba Olivier, 1811: 179. 
KLUCINA Navas, 1910e: 394. 

Type species: Nemoptera aristata Klug, 
[1838] 1836: 96 (as "Klugina aristata Klug"), 
original designation. Klugina was considered a 
synonym of Croce by Holzel, 1975a: 58. 
++GROCE; Navas, 1913d: 88. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Croce. 
WALTHORNIA Navas, 1927c: 183. 

Type species: Walthornla schmidti Navas, 
1927c: 184, monotypy. Walihornia was consid- 
ered a synonym of Croce by Holzel, 1975a: 58. 
CRYPTOLEON Banks, 1901. See Brachynemurus 

Hagen, 1888. 
CRYPTOSCENEA Enderlein, 1914: 226. CON: ALEN 
Type species: Ilelicoconis australiensis En- 
derlein, 1906: 232, original designation. 
++CRYSOPA, misspelling. See Chrysopa Leach in 

Brewster, 1815. 
CSIROLEON New, 1985b: 62. MYR: MYRN: DENI 

Type species: Csiroleon tumidipalpus New, 
1985b: 62, original designation. 
CUCA Navas, 1923e: 187. MYR: MYRN: DENI 

Type species: Cuca impressa Navas, 1923e: 
188, monotypy. 
CUETA Navas, 191 If: 242. MYR: MYRN: ISOl 

Type species: Cueta trilineata Navas, 191 If: 
243, monotypy. Cueta trilineata was consid- 
ered a synonym of Myrmeleon lineosus Rambur, 
1842: 389, by Holzel, 1972: 28. Incorrect type 
species designation by Holzel, 1972: 27, of 
Myrmeleon lineosus Rambur, 1842: 389. 
POLANCUS Navas, 1914f: 19. 



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OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. No. 147 



Type species: Polancus secretus Navas, 
1914f:19, monotypy. Polancus was considered a 
synonym of Cueta by Markl, 1954: 229. 
FURGA Navas, 1930c: 122. 

Type species: Furga tunetana Navas, 1930c: 
122, by the following original designation: "El 
tipo es la especie siguiente. . . . [below] 241. 
Furga tunetana sp. nov." Furga tunetana was 
considered a synonym of Myrmeleon pallens 
Klug in Ehrenberg, [1834] 1829-1845: plate 36 
and associated unpaginated letterpress, by 
Holzel, 1969: 311. 
CUNCTOCHRYSA Holzel, 1970a: 47. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRl 
Type species: Chrysopa albolineata 
Killington, 1935: 87, original designation. 
Chrysopa albolineata is an objective replacement 
name for Chrysopa tenella Schneider, 1851: 94, 
which is a junior primary homonym of Chrysopa 
tenella Brauer, 1851: 5. Cunctochrysa was orig- 
inally proposed as a subgenus of Anisochrysa 
Nakahara, 1955. 
CURRIOMYIA Banks, 1939. See Brachynemurus Hagen, 

1888. 
CYCLOBEROTHA Kruger, 1922. See Spermophorella 

Tillyard, 1916. 
CYMATALA Yang, 1986: 424. MYR 

Type species: Cymatala pallora Yang, 1986: 
424, original designation. 
CYMOTHALES Gerstaecker, [1894] 1893: 127. 

MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Cymothales mirabilis Gerstaec- 
ker, [1894] 1893: 128, subsequent designation by 
Banks, 1911b: 26. 
++CYMOTHALIS; Van der Weele, 1904: 212. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Cymothales. 
MIRONUS Navas, 1913e: 497. 

Type species: Mironus illustris Navas, 1913e: 
497, by the following original designation: "El 
tipo es la especie siguiente. . . . [below] Mironus 
illustris sp. nov." Mironus was considered a 
synonym of Cymothales hy Mansell, 1987: 182. 
■^+CYMOTHALlS, misspelling. See Cymothales 

Gerstaecker, [1894] 1893. 
CYRENOBEROTHA MacLeod and Adams, 1967; 237. 

BER: CYRN 
Type species: Cyrenoberotha penai MacLeod 
and Adams, 1967: 240, monotypy. 
DALLUS Navas, 1932. See Banyutus Navas, 1912. 
DASYPTERYX Stein, 1863. See Isoscelipteron A. Costa, 

1863. 
DEASIA Navas and Marcet, 1910. See Coniopteryx 

{Coniopteryx) Curtis, 1834. 
DEJUNA Navas, 1924. See Brachynemurus Hagen, 1888. 
DELEPROCTOPHYLLA Lefebvre, 1842 [April]: 6. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Ascalaphus australis Fabricius, 
1787: 250 (as "Australis"), monotypy. 
THELEPROCTOPHYLLA Rambur, 1842 [31 

December]: 350. An unjustified emendation of 
Deleproctophylla Lefebvre, 1842. An incorrect 
original transliteration or latinization does not 
constitute an incorrect original spelling. Article 
32c(ii), and is therefore not justifiable grounds 
for an emendation. 
DELFIMEUS Navas, 1912i: 223. MYR: MYRN: DISI 



Type species: Delfimeus scriptus Navas, 
19121: 224, monotypy. 
ROTANTON Uivis, [1914p] 1913-1914 [31 July]: 
242. 

Type species: Rotanton clarus Navas, 
[1914p] 1913-1914:242, monotypy. Rotanton 
clarus was considered a synonym of Myrmeleon 
irroratum Olivier, 1811: 126, by H. Aspock, U. 
Aspock and Holzel. 1980: 298. Rotanton was 
considered a synonym of Delfimeus by H. 
Aspock. U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 297. 
PIGNATELLUS Navas, 1914o [31 December]: 39. 

Type species: Pignatellus extorris Navas, 
1914o: 40, by the following original designation: 
"El tipo de esta nuevo genero es la siguiente es- 
pecie: ... [next line] Pignatellus extorris sp. 
nov." Pignatellus extorris was considered a syn- 
onym of Myrmeleon irroratum Olivier, 1811: 
126, by H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 
298. Pignatellus was considered a synonym of 
Delfimeus by H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 
1980: 297. 
NOCALDRIA Navas, 1916c: 362. 

Type species: Nocaldria signata Navas, 
1916c: 363, monotypy. Nocaldria was consid- 
ered a synonym of Delfimeus by H. Aspock, U. 
Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 297. 
++ROTANDON; Esben-Petersen, [1919] 1918-1919: 
118. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Rotanton. 
++DELPH1MEUS; Banks, 1939a: 465. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Delfimeus. 
DELGADUS Navas, 1914q: 232. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Delgadus sanchezi Navas, 
1914q: 232. monotypy. 
++DELPHIMEUS, misspelling. See Delfimeus Navas, 

1912. 
DENDROLEON Brauer, 1866b: 42. MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Myrmeleon pantherinum 
Fabricius, 1787: 249 (as "D. pantherinum"), sub- 
sequent designation by Hagen, 1873: 394. 
NEGLURUS Navas, 1912b: 171. 

Type species: Neglurus vitripennis Navas, 
1912b: 171, monotypy. A^fig/Mritr was considered 
a synonym of Dendroleon by Stange, 1976: 292. 
BORBON Hi\is, 1914r: 111. 

Type species: Borbon rcgius Navas, 1914r: 
112, monotypy. Borbon was considered a syn- 
onym of Dendroleon by Stange, 1976: 292. 
MADAGASCARLEON Eraser, 1951a: 352. 

Type species: Madagascarleon tristrigatus 
Fraser, 1951a: 353. original designation. 
Madagascarleon was considered a synonym of 
Dendroleon by Stange, 1976: 293. 
DENTALACSA New, 1984a: 46. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Dentalacsa uptoni New, 1984a: 
46, original designation. 
DERHYNCHIA Tjeder, 1967a: 347. NEM: NEMN 

Type species: Derhynchia vansoni Tjeder, 
1967a: 348, original designation. 
DEUTOLEON Navas, 1927f: 18. MYR: MYRN: DISI 
Type species: Deutoleon turanicus Navas, 
1927f: 19, by the following designation: "Typus 
est species scquens. [next line] 158. Deutoleon 
turanicus sp. nov." 
DIAZUS Navas, 1914. See Psammoleon Banks, 1899. 
DICIIOLEON Navas, 1920d: 193. MYR: MYRN 



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21 



Type species: Dicholeon nigritarsis Navas, 
1920d: 193, monotypy. 
DICOLPLS Gerstaecker, [1885a] 1884: 7. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Dicolpus volucris Gerstaecker, 
[1885a] 1884: 7, monotypy. 
DICTYOCHRYSA Esben-Petersen, 1917c: 214. 

CHR: NOTN 
Type species: Dictyochrysa fulva Esben- 
Petersen, 1917c: 214, original designation. 
++DICYLOCHRYSA; Zoological Record (Insecta), 
1918: 194. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Dictyochrysa. 
DICTYOLEON Esben-Petersen, 1923: 584. 

MYR: MYRN 
Type species: Dictyoleon nervosus Esben- 
Petersen, 1923: 585, monotypy. 
DICTYOSMYLUS Navas, 1910. See Osmylus (Osmylus) 

Latreille, 1802. 
++DICYLOCHRYSA, misspelling. See Dictyochrysa 

Esben-Petersen, 1917. 
++DIDAR, misspelling. See Dilar Rambur, [1838] 

1837-1840. 
DIELOCROCE Cowley, 1941: 124. NEM: CRON 

Type species: Nemoptera (Croce) baudii 
Griffini, 1895: 2, original designation (of Nina 
Navas, 1910). Dielocroce was proposed as the 
objective replacement name for Nina Navas, 
1910. 
NINA Navas, 1910e: 405. 

Type species: Nemoptera (Croce) baudii 
Griffini, 1895: 2 (as "Nina Baudii Griffini"), 
original designation. A junior homonym of Nina 
Horsfield, 1829: 140, - Insecta: Lepidoptera; 
Nina Gray, [1850] 1842-1859: 78, - Mollusca; 
Nina Gray, 1855: 60, - Echinodermata; Nina 
Grebnicki, 1873: 264, - Protozoa. The objective 
replacement name is Dielocroce Cowley, 1941. 
BERLANDUS Pierre, [1952] 1950: 3. 

Type species: Berlandus saharae Pierre, 
[1952]1950: 3, original designation. Berlandus 
saharae was considered a synonym of Nina 
berlandi Navas, 1936a: 113, by Holzel, 1975a: 
70. Berlandus was considered a synonym of 
Dielocroce by Holzel, 1975a: 63. 
DILAR Rambur, [1838] 1837-1840: plate 9, figures 4 
and 5 (accompanying letterpress never 
published). DIL: DILN 

Type species: Dilar nevadensis Rambur, 
[1838] 1837-1840: plate 9, figures 4 and 5 (ac- 
companying letterpress never published), 
monotypy. 
++CLADOCERA Hagen, 1860b: 56. A nomen 

nudum, having been published before 1931 and 
not accompanied by a description, definition or 
indication. Article 12a. ++Cladocera was 
considered synonymous with Dilar by Hagen, 
1866a: 399. 
LIDAR Navas, 1909b: 153. 

Type species: Dilar meridionalis Hagen, 
1866b: 295 (as "Lidar meridionalis Hag."), orig- 
inal designation. Lidar was considered a syn- 
onym of Dilar by H. Aspock, U. Aspock and 
Holzel, 1980: 187. 
FUENTENUSNivis, 1909b: 154. 

Type species: Dilar campestris Navas, 1903: 
380 (as "Fuentenus campestris"), original desig- 



nation. Fuentenus was considered a synonym of 
Dilar by H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 
1980: 187. 
REXAVIUS Navas, 1909a: 664. 

Type species: Dilar nietneri Hagen, 1858: 
482 (as "Rexavius Nietneri, Hagen"), subsequent 
designation by Navas, 1914a: 10. Rexavius was 
considered a synonym of Dilar by Kuwayama, 
1962: 376. 
++DIDAR; Navas, 1913a: 6. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Dilar. 
++LIDER; Kuwayama, 1962: 376. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Lidar. 
DIMARELLA Banks, 1913a: 229. MYR: MYRN: GLEI 
Type species: Eremoleon angustus Banks, 
[1908b] 1907: 32, original designation. 
NOBRA Navas, 1915d: 6. 

Type species: Nobra martins! Navas, 1915d: 
6, monotypy. Nobra was considered a synonym 
of Dimarella by Stange, 1970b: 18. 
FURGUS Navas, 1921d: 51. 

Type species: Nobra riparius Navas, 1918c: 
16, original designation. Furgus was considered 
a synonym o[ Dimarella by Stange, 1970b: 18. 
MYSTROLEON Banks, 1924: 436. 

Type species: Myrmeleon praedator Walker, 
1853: 391, original designation. Mystroleon was 
considered a synonym of Dimarella by Stange, 
1970b: 18. 
(FACHYLEON) Stange, 1970b: 12. 

Type species: Pachyleon alvarengai Stange, 
1970b: 13, original designation. Pachyleon was 
considered a subgenus of Dimarella by Miller 
and Stange, 1989: 28. 
(BRASILEON) Miller and Stange, 1989: 15. 

Type species: Dimarella (Brasileon) 
amazonica Stange in Miller and Stange, 1989: 
16, original designation. Brasileon was originally 
proposed as a subgenus of Dimarella. 
DIMARES Hagen, 1866a: 402. MYR: PALN 

Type species: Myrmeleon elegans Perty, 
1833: 125, subsequent designation by Stange, 
1970a: 42. 
++DIPTITA Leach, 1815. Sec Nemoptera Latreille, 1802. 
DISPAROMITLS Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 191. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Suhpalacsa bacillus Gerstaec- 
ker, [1885a] 1884: 5 (as "Suphalasca [sic] bacil- 
lus Gerstaecker"), original designation. 
DISTOLEON Banks, 1910c: 42. MYR: MYRN: DISI 

Type species: Distoleon verticalis Banks, 
1910c: 42, original designation. Distoleon ver- 
ticalis was considered a synonym of Formicaleo 
somnolentus Gerstaecker, [1885a] 1884: 13, by 
New, 1985c: 3. 
FORMICALEON Banks, 1911b: 16. 

Type species: Myrmeleon tetragrammicum 
Fabricius, 1798: 205, original designation. 
Formicaleon was proposed as a replacement 
name for Formicaleo sensu Brauer and Hagen. 
Formicaleon was considered a synonym of Dis- 
toleon by Kuwayama, 1962: 385. 
f/DOLEON Esben-Petersen, 1918: 15. 

Type species: Myrmeleon bistrigatus 
Rambur, 1842: 391, original designation. 
Eidoleon was considered a synonym oi Distoleon 
by Markl, 1954: 237. 



22 



OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, No. 147 



++CIDOLEON; Navas, 1930c: 130. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Eidoleon. 
DISTOPLECTRON Banks, 1943b: 102. 

MYR: MYRN: PROI 
Type species: Protoplectron gerstaeckeri 
Esben-Petersen, 1918: 11, original designation. 
DITAXIS McLachlan, [1867a] 1868: 262. MAN:DREN 
Type species: Mantispa biseriata Westwood, 
1852: 263, monotypy. 
DIXONOTUS Kimmins, 1950: 244. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Dixonotus vansomereni 
Kimmins, 1950:244, original designation. The 
original spelling of the specific name of the type 
species, vansomereni, has been corrected to 
vansomereni, a mandatory change under Article 
31d(iv). 
DOBLA Navas, [1927] 1926-1927. S&c Eremoleon 

Banks, 1901. 
DOBLINA Navas, 1927b: 17. MYR: MYRN: DENI 

Type species: Doblina grandidieri Navas, 
1927b: 17, monotypy. 
DOLICHOLEON Navas, [1929h] 1928: 190. 

MYR: MYRN 
Type species: Formicaleo substigmalis 
Navas, 1917d: 10, original designation. 
DOMENECHUS Navas, [1913h] 1912-1913: 298. 

CHR: APON 
Type species: Domenechus sigillatus Navas, 
[1913h] 1912-1913: 299, monotypy. 
Domenechus sigillatus was considered a syn- 
onym oi Apochrysa mirifica Gerstaecker, [1888] 
1887: 122, by Kimmins, 1952a: 940. 
++DOMENICHUS; Kimmins, 1952a: 940. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Domenechus. 
++DOMEN1CHUS, misspelling. See Domenechus Navas, 

[1913] 1912-1913. 
DREPANACRA Tillyard, 1916a: 293. HEM 

Type species: Drepanepteryx humilis 
McLachlan, 1863: 116, original designation. 
Drepanepteryx humilis was considered a syn- 
onym of Drepanepteryx binoculus Newman, 
1838: 400, by Tillyard, 1923: 224. Incorrect 
type species designation by Nakahara, 1960: 61, 
of Drepanepteryx binoculus Newman, 1838: 400 
(as "Hemerobius binoculus Newman"). 
MENOPTERYX Kruger, 1922c: 170. 

Type species: Megalomus lanceolatus 
Gerstaecker, [1885b] 1884: 110 (as "lanceolata 
Gerst."), original designation. Menopteryx was 
considered a synonym of Drepanacra by 
Nakahara, 1960: 61. 
■^^MONOPTERYX; Kruger, 1922c: 144. An 
incorrect original spelling. Acting as first 
revisers. Article 24b, we presently select 
Menopteryx as the correct original spelling. 
DREPANACRELLA Kimmins, 1940b: 222. HEM 

Type species: Drepanacrclla khasiana 
Kimmins, 1940b: 223, original designation. 
DREPANEPTERYX Leach in Brewster, 1815a: 138. 

HEM 
Type species: Hemerobius phalaenoides Linnaeus, 
1758: 550 (as "Hemerobius phalaenioides 
[sic]"), monotypy. 
++DREPANOPTERYX; Burmeister, 1839: 975. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Drepanepteryx. 
DREPANOPTERYX Agassiz. [1847] 1842-1846: 
130. An unjustified emendation of 



Drepanepteryx Leach in Brewster, 1815. Use 
of an inappropriate connecting vowel is not 
justifiable grounds for an emendation. Article 
32c(ii). Agassiz was apparently the first 
author to make the spelling Drepanopteryx 
available as an emendation under Article 33b. 
++DREPANOPTERrX; Brauer, 1851: 1. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Drepanopteryx. 
CANISIUS Navas, 191 3e: 512. 

Type species: Hemerobius algidus Erichson 
in Middendorff, 1851: 69, original designation. 
Canisius was considered a synonym of 
Drepanepteryx by Tjeder, 1963: 172. 
OEDOBIUS Nakahara, 1915a: 44. 

Type species: Oedobius infalcatus Nakahara, 
1915a: 44, original designation. Oedobius in- 
falcatus was considered a synonym of 
Megalomus punctatus Okamoto, 1905: 114, by 
Kuwayama, 1962: 357. Incorrect type species 
designation by Kuwayama, 1962: 357, of 
Megalomus punctatus Okamoto, 1905: 114. 
Oedobius was considered a synonym of 
Drepanepteryx by Tjeder, 1963: 172. 
PHLEBONEMA Kruger, 1922c: 170. 

Type species: Hemerobius algidus Erichson 
in Middendorff, 1851: 69 (as "algida Erichs."), 
original designation. Phlebonema is a junior ob- 
jective synonym of Canisius Navas, 1913. 
BESTRETA Navas, 1924a: 222. 

Type species: Bestreta iaponica Navas, 
1924a: 222, monotypy. Bestreta iaponica was 
considered a synonym of Megalomus punctatus 
Okamoto, 1905: 114, by Kuwayama, 1962: 357. 
Bestreta was considered a synonym of Oedobius 
by Kuwayama, 1962: 357. 
DREPANICUS Blanchard in Gay, 1851: 130. 

MAN: DREN 
Type species: Drepanicus gayi Blanchard in 
Gay, 1851: 132, monotypy. 
MOLINELLA Navas, 1910d: 239. 

Type species: Molinella mouiti Navas, 1910d: 
240, monotypy. Molinella was considered a syn- 
onym of Drepanicus by Penny, 1982a: 211. 
++DREPANISCUS, Schroder, 1925: 836. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Drepanicus. 
++DREPAN/SCUS, misspelling. See Drepanicus 

Blanchard in Gay, 1851. 
DREPANOCONIS Tjeder, [1973] 1972. See 

Heteroconis {Drepanoconis) Tjeder, [1973] 
1972. 
+ +DREPANOMIMA, misspelling. See Megalomina 

Banks, 1909. 
DREPANOMINA Tillyard, 1916. See Megalomina Banks, 

1909. 
++DREPANOPTERIX, misspelling. See Drepanepteryx 

Leach in Brewster, 1815. 
++DREPANOPTERYX, misspelling. See Drepanepteryx 

Leach in Brewster, 1815. 
DREPANOPTERYX Agassiz, [1847] 1842-1846. See 

Drepanepteryx Leach in Brewster, 1815. 
DYSHEMEROBIUS Tjeder, 1961: 352. HEM 

Type species: Dyshemerobius productus Tje- 
der, 1961: 354, original designation. 
DYSOCHRYSA Tjeder, 1966: 335. CHR: CHRN: BELI 
Type species: Dysochrysa furcata Tjeder, 
1966: 338, original designation. 



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23 



++ECHTHOMYRMEX, misspelling. See Echthromyrmex 

McLachlan, [1867] 1868. 
ECHTHROMYRMEX McLachlan, [1867a] 1868: 243. 

MYR: PALN 
Type species: Echthromyrmex platypterus 
McLachlan, [1867a] 1868: 244, monotypy. 
++ECHTHOMYRMEX; Banks, [1915b] 1914-1915: 
621. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Echthromyrmex. 
EGNYONYX Wesmael, 1836. See Hemerobius 

(Hemerobius) Linnaeus, 1758. 
£:/Z)OL£OA' Esben-Petersen, 1918. See Dijfo/eon Banks, 

1910. 
EIDOPORISMUS Esben-Petersen, 1917a: 4. 

OSM: EIDN 
Type species: Eidoporismus pulchellus 
Esben-Petersen, 1917a: 4, original designation. 
■^+EIDOSMYLUS; Tillyard, 1926: 320. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling (lapsus) for 
Eidoporismus. 
++EIDOSMYLUS, misspelling. See Eidoporismus 

Esben-Petersen, 1917. 
ELACHYLEON Esben-Petersen, 1927b [October]: 348. 

MYR: MYRN: GLEI 
Type species: Elachyleon punctipennis 
Esben-Petersen, 1927b: 348, monotypy. 
OROLEON Navis, 1927a [31 December]: 49. 

Type species: Oroleon serranus Navas, 
1927a: 50, monotypy. Oroleon was considered a 
synonym of Elachyleon by Stange, 1970b: 19. 
5£:^/COL£:OA/ Esben-Petersen, 1933: 114. 

Type species: Sericoleon paessleri Esben- 
Petersen, 1933: 115, monotypy. Sericoleon was 
considered a synonym of Elachyleon by Stange, 
1970b: 7. 
ELICURA Navas, 191 le: 126. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Elicura litigator Navas, 191 le: 
127, monotypy. 
EMEROBIUS O. G. Costa, 1834. See Chrysopa Leach 

in Brewster, 1815. 
++ENCYOPOSID1US, misspelling. See Encyopsidius 

Peringuey, 1910. 
ENCYOPOSIS McLachlan, [1871] 1873: 262. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Ascalaphus flavilinea Walker, 
1860: 197, subsequent designation by 
McLachlan, [1873b] 1871:402. 
++ENCYOPS1S; Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 322. 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of Encyoposis. 
ENCYOPSIDIUS Peringuey, 1910: 450. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Encyopsidius promontorii 
Peringuey, 1910: 450, monotypy. 
■t-+ENCYOPOSIDJUS; Navas, 1913b: 122. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Encyopsidius. 
++ENCYOPSIS, misspelling. See Encyoposis McLachlan, 

[1871] 1873. 
ENRERA Navas, 1915c: 388. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Enrera mexicana Navas, 
1915c: 388, monotypy. 
ENSORRA Navas, 1915. See Brachynemurus Hagen, 

1888. 
ENTANONELIRA Enderlein, 1910a: 358. MAN: MANN 
Type species: Mantispa limbata Gerstaecker, 
[1885a] 1884: 36, original designation. 
++ENTATONEURA; Navas, 1929a: 381. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Entanoneura. 



+ +ENTATONEURA, misspelling. See Entanoneura 

Enderlein, 1910. 
ENZA Navas, 1912J: 113. MYR: MYRN: MYRI 

Type species: Enza otiosus Navas, 1912j: 
1 14, monotypy. 
++EUZA; Zoological Record (Insecta), 1912: 375. 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of Enza. 
EOLEON Niwis, [1921] 1919. See Glenuroides 

Okamoto, 1910. 
EOPIIANES Banks, 1931b: 60. MYR: MYRN: DISI 

Type species: Eophanes Formosa Banks, 
1931b: 61, original designation. 
EOSOSMYLUS Kruger, 1915. Se^e Lysmus Navas, 1911. 
EPACANTHACLISIS Okamoto, 1910b: 285. 

MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Acanthaclisis moiwanus 
Okamoto, 1905: 115 (as "Acanthaclisis moiwas- 
ana [sic] (Mats)"), original designation. 
++EPIPSALUS, misspelling. See Episalus Gerstaecker, 

[1885] 1884. 
EPISALUS Gerstaecker, [1885a] 1884: 19. 

MYR: MYRN: DISI 
Type species: Episalus zephyrinus Gerstaec- 
ker, [1885a] 1884: 20, monotypy. 
++EP1PSALUS; Navas, [1914p] 1913-1914: 250. 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of Episalus. 
EPISPERCHES Gerstaecker, [1894] 1893. See Amoea 

Lefebvre, 1842. 
EREMOCIIRYSA Banks, 1903b: 158 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 
Type species: Chrysopa punctinervis 
McLachlan, 1869a: 24, original designation. 
LOLOCHRYSA Banks, 1950: 59. 

Type species: Eremochrysa hageni Banks, 
1903b: 158, original designation. Lolochrysa 
was originally proposed as a subgenus of 
Eremochrysa Banks, 1903. It was considered a 
synonym of Eremochrysa {Eremochrysa) by 
Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 215, 272. 
(CIIRYSOPIELLA) Banks, 1911a: 344. 

Type species: Chrysopa sabulosa Banks, 
1897b: 174, original designation. Chrysopiella 
was considered a subgenus of Eremochrysa by 
Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 215. 
EREMOLEON Banks, 1901b: 366. 

MYR: MYRN: GLEI 
Type species: Myrmeleon macer Hagen, 
1861: 236, original designation. 
INCAMOLEON Banks, 1913a: 229. 

Type species: Psammoleon punctipennis 
Banks, 1910b: 147, original designation. In- 
camoleon was considered a synonym of 
Eremoleon by Stange, 1970b: 20. 
CLENOPSIS Banks, 1913a: 229. 

Type species: Myrmeleon anomalus Rambur, 
1842: 388, original designation. Glenopsis was 
considered a synonym of Eremoleon by Stange, 
1970b: 20. 
SEGURA Navas, 1914s [April]: 18. 

Type species: Segura vitreus Navas, 1914s: 
18, monotypy. Segura was considered a syn- 
onym of Eremoleon by Stange, 1970b: 20. 
SOSA Navas, 1914e [October]: 218. 

Type species: Sosa conspicuus Navas, 1914e: 
219, monotypy. Sosa was considered a synonym 
of Eremoleon by Stange, 1970b: 20. 
5£L£yV Navas, 1921a: 119. 



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OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. No. 147 



Type species: Belen cerverinus Navas, 1921a: 
120, monotypy. Belen was considered a syn- 
onym of Eremoleon by Stange, 1970b: 20. 
CORTESIUS Navas, 1924e: 107. 

Type species: Cortesius genini Navas, 1924e: 
108, monotypy. Cortesius was considered a syn- 
onym oi Eremoleon by Stange, 1970b: 20. 
NOVULGA Navas, 1925c: 189. 

Type species: Novulga mexicana Navas, 
1925c: 189, monotypy. Novulga was considered 
a synonym of Eremoleon by Stange, 1970b: 20. 
DOBLA Navas, [1927g] 1926-1927: 428. 

Type species: Dobia arcuata Navas, [1927g] 
1926-1927: 428, monotypy. Dobla was consid- 
ered a synonym of Eremoleon by Stange, 1970b: 
20. 
JOERGENIA Esben-Petersen. 1933: 118. 

Type species: Joergenia pulchra Esben- 
Petersen, 1933: 118, monotypy. Joergenia was 
considered a synonym of Eremoleon by Stange, 
1970b: 20. 
ANTILLOLEON B inks, 1943d: 168. 

Type species: Glenurus cerverai Navas, 
1921a: 118, original designation. Antilloleon 
was considered a synonym of Eremoleon by 
Stange, 1970b: 20. 
EREMOPHANES Banks, 1924: 438. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Eremophanes bicristatus 
Banks, 1924: 438, monotypy. A junior hom- 
onym of Eremophanes Kolbe, 1893: 274, - In- 
secta: Coleoptera. There is no objective 
replacement name. 
++EREMOPTERA, misspelling. See Nemopterella Banks, 

1910. 
ERETMOPTERA Navas, 1910. See Nemopterella Banks, 

1910. 
ESCURA Navas, 1914b: 468. MYR: MYRN: DISI 

Type species: Escura divergens Navas, 
1914b: 468, monotypy. 
ALL0F0«M/C-4L£0/V Esben-Petersen, 1915: 69. 

Type species: Formicaleon australis Esben- 
Petersen, 1915: 69, original designation. Al- 
loformicaleon was considered a synonym of 
Escura by New, 1985c: 19. 
ESPETERA Navas, 1929. Sec Naizema Navas, 1919. 
ETHIOCHRYSA Fthsct, 1952. See Ankylopteryx 

(Ankylopteryx) Brauer, 1864. 
EUCAROBIUS Esben-Petersen, 1928. See Psectra 

Hagen, 1866. 
EUCLIMACIA Enderlein, 1910a: 362. 

MAN: MANN 
Type species: Euclimacia partita Enderlein, 
1910a: 366, original designation. 
EUMANTISPA Okamoto, 1910a: 538. MAN: MANN 

Type species: Mantispa suzukii Okamoto, 
1910a: 538 (as "Mantispa suzukii Mats, [sic]"), 
original designation. Mantispa suzukii was con- 
sidered a synonym of Mantispa harmandi Navas, 
1909c: 480, by Kuwayama, 1962: 379. Incorrect 
type species designation by Kuwayama, 1962: 
378, of Mantispa harmandi Navas, 1909c:480. 
Eumantispa and its type species E. suzukii were 
later redescribed and incorrectly cited as new 
taxa by Okamoto, 1911: 294, 295. 
EUMICROMUS Nakahara, 1915. See Micromus Rambur, 
1842. 



++EUMICRONUS, misspelling. See Micromus Rambur, 
1842. 

EUOSMYLUS Kruger. 1913: 102. OSM: KEMN 

Type species: Stenosmylus stellae 
McLachlan, 1899: 259 (as "stellae Mac 
Lachlan"), original designation. 

EUPORISMUS Tillyard, 1916b: 43. OSM: STEN 

Type species: Euporismus albatrox Tillyard, 
1916b: 44, original designation. 

EUPTILON Westwood in Drury, 1837: 105. MYR/COR 
Type species: Hemerobius ornatus Drury, 
1773: names for plate XLVI, monotypy. Note: 
The individual specimen of Hemerobius ornatus 
illustrated by Drury is believed to be a composite 
specimen consisting of the wings and body of a 
myrmeleontid and the pectinate antennae of a 
corydalid (see Westwood in Drury, 1837: 105, 
and Hagen, 1861: 237). The taxonomic status of 
Euptilon has yet to be firmly established. 
EUPTILUM Agissiz, [1847] 1842-1846: 150. An 
unjustified emendation of Euptilon Westwood 
in Drury, 1837. An incorrect original 
transliteration or latinization does not 
constitute an incorrect original spelling. Article 
32c(ii), and is therefore not justifiable grounds 
for an emendation. 

EUPTILUM Agissiz, [1847] 1842-1846. See Euptilon 
Westwood in Drury, 1837. 

EUROBIUS Kruger, 1922. See Sympherobius Banks, 
1904. 

EUROCHRYSA Esben-Petersen, 1925. See Rexa Navas, 
[1920] 1919. 

EUROLEON Esben-Petersen, [1919] 1918-1919: 125. 

MYR: MYRN: MYRI 
Type species: Myrmelcon europaeus 
McLachlan, 1873a: 137, monotypy. Myrmeleon 
europaeus is an objective replacement name for 
the Myrmeleon formicarius of Rambur, 1842: 
400 (not Myrmeleon formicarium Linnaeus, 
1767: 914). Myrmeleon europaeus was consid- 
ered a synonym of Formicaleo nostras Geoffroy 
in Fourcroy, 1785: 360, by H. Aspock, U. 
Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 295. Incorrect type 
species designation by Navas, [1924g] 1923: 54, 
of Formicaleo nostras Geoffroy in Fourcroy, 
1785: 360. Euroleon was considered a valid 
name by H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 
1980: 295, but see note under Formicaleo 
Muller, 1764. 
TEULA Navas, 1930b: 5. 

Type species: Teula sinica Navas, 1930b: 6, 
monotypy. Teula was considered a synonym of 
Euroleon by H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 
1980: 295. 

++EUZA, misspelling. See Enza Navas, 1912. 

EVANOCHRVSA Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 172. 

CHR: CHRN: BELI 
Type species: Nothochrysa evanescens 
McLachlan, 1869a: 25 (as "Italochrysa 
evanescens McLachlan"), original designation. 

EXAETOLEON Kimmins, 1948: 236. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Myrmeleon obtabilis 
Peringuey, 1910: 444, original designation. 

FADRINA Navas, 1912g [February]: 51. MYR: ACAN 
Type species: Fadrina nigra Navas, 1912b 
[June]: 143, subsequent designation by Navas, 
1912b [June]: 141. 



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25 



FEINA Navas, 1931c: 263. MYR: MYRN: DISI 

Type species: Feina languida Navas, 1931c: 
264, monotypy. 

FEINERLS Navas, 1919c: 190. MYR: MYRN: DISI 

Type species: Feinerus umbratus Navas, 
1919c: 191, by ihe following original designa- 
tion: ". . . ce qui ne convient pas a I'espece suiv- 
ant, type du nouveau genre. . . . [below] 47. 
Feinerus umbratus sp. nov." 

FENESTROLEON New, 1985a: 42. MYR: MYRN: PROI 
Type species: Fenestroleon douglasi New, 
1985a: 42, original designation. 

++FERRUGJNOSAS Navas, [1925h] 1924: 46. CHR 

Name unavailable, having been proposed in a 
non-Latin text as a noun in other than the nomi- 
native singular. Article llg. ++Ferruginosas 
was originally proposed as a 'seccion' of 
Chrysopa Leach in Brewster, 1815. 

FILLUS Navas, 1919a: 289. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Fillus brethesi Navas, 1919a: 
292, original designation. 

FOLLA Navas, 1925. See Banyutus Navas, 1912. 

FONTECILLA Navas, 1932a: 72. POL 

Type species: Fontecilla graphicus Navas, 
1932a: 72, monotypy. 
■*^+FONTICELIA; Henry in Parker, 1982: 476. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Fontecilla. 

++FONTENELLA, misspelling. See Helicoconis 

(Fontenellea) Carpentier and Lestage, [1928] 
1927-1928. 

FONTENELLEA Carpentier and Lestage, [1928] 
1927-1928. See Helicoconis (Fontenellea) 
Carpentier and Lestage, [1928] 1927-1928. 

++FONTJCELIA, misspelling. See Fontecilla Navas, 
1932. 

FORCEPACSA New, 1984a: 44. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Forcepacsa rieki New, 1984a: 
44, original designation. 

FORCIADA Kozhantshikov, 1949. See Nampista Navas, 
1914. 

++FORMICALCO, misspelling. See Formicaleo Miiller, 
1764. 

++FORMICALEO Geoffroy, 1762: 256. MYR 

Name unavailable. The work in which this 
name was published has been rejected for nomen- 
clatural purposes by the ICZN (1954b) because 
the author did not consistently apply the princi- 
ple of binomial nomenclature. Article 5. This 
work has been placed on the Official Index of 
Rejected and Invalid Works in Zoological No- 
menclature as work No. 1. See also discussion 
under Formicaleo Miiller, 1764. 

FORMICALEO Muller, 1764: xx. MYR: MYRN: MYRI 
Type species: Currently uncertain, see note 
below. 

Note: The first available use of the name 
Formicaleo is apparently that of Miiller (1764), 
who failed to include any species by name in this 
genus. Leraut ([1981] 1980) stated that the first 
subsequently included species-group name was 
Formicaleo nostras Geoffroy in Fourcroy (1785: 
360; new names in this work are attributable to 
Geoffroy, not Fourcroy, see Cameron, 1988), 
which thereby should become the type species of 
Formicaleo by subsequent monotypy. Under 
these conditions Formicaleo Muller would be- 
come a senior subjective synonym of Euroleon 



Esben-Petersen, whose type species, Myrmeleon 
europaeus McLachlan, is a junior synonym of F. 
nostras (see H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 
1980: 295). 

However, A. S. Menke {in Cameron, 1988: 7) 
states that Fourcroy (1785) is not consistently bi- 
nomial, and under a strict interpretation of the 
code should be considered an unavailable work. 
If this proves to be the case, no nomenclatural 
act in Fourcroy can fix the type species of 
Formicaleo Miiller. Menke goes on to state that 
there has been some interest shown by other en- 
tomologists to seek clarification from the Com- 
mission regarding the availability of Fourcroy's 
work. Some action on this matter may therefore 
be pending. 

To summarize, if Fourcroy's work is avail- 
able, F. nostras becomes the type species of 
Formicaleo, and Formicaleo becomes a senior 
synonym of Euroleon. But, if Fourcroy is un- 
available, the type species of Formicaleo would 
be fixed by the next (i.e., the first available) 
placement of a valid species-group name in com- 
bination with Formicaleo. We have made no crit- 
ical attempt to identify the next work in which 
such a placement may have been made. Further- 
more, given the present ambiguity of this case, 
we have not listed Euroleon and Formicaleo 
Muller as synonyms. The matter of the type spe- 
cies of Formicaleo should be reexamined after 
the question of the availability of Fourcroy's 
work has been resolved. See also type species 
designation of Myrmeleon tetragrammicum 
Fabricus, 1798: 205 (as "F. tetragrammicus"), by 
Hagen. 1873: 392. 
FORMICILEO Agassiz, [1847] 1842-1846: 156. An 
unjustified emendation of Formicaleo Miiller, 
1764. An incorrect original transliteration or lat- 
inization does not constitute an incorrect original 
spelling. Article 32c(ii), and is therefore not jus- 
tifiable grounds for an emendation. 
++FORMICALCO, Navas, 1904a: 8. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Formicaleo. 
++FORN1CALEO; Navas, 1914b: 473. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Formicaleo. 

FORMICALEON Banks, 1911. See Distoleon Banks. 
1910. 

FORMICILEO Agassiz, [1847] 1842-1846. See 
Formicaleo Miiller, 1764. 

FORMILEO Navas, 1933c: 312. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Formileo collartinus Navas, 
1933c: 312, monotypy. 

++FORNICALEO, misspelling. See Formicaleo Miiller, 
1764. 

FOYA Navas, 1914. See Ameromyia Banks, 1913. 

FRANZENIA Esben-Petersen, 1929a: 31. 

MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Franzenia irrorata Esben- 
Petersen, 1929a: 32, original designation. 

FRAWALKER/A Navas, 1929. See Berotha Walker, 1860. 

FROGGATTISCA Esben-Petersen, 1915: 64. 

MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Froggattisca pulchclla Esben- 
Petersen, 1915: 65, original designation. 
ADELOPLECTRON Esben-Petersen, 1923: 577. 

Type species: Adeloplectron testaceum 
Esben-Petersen, 1923: 577, original designation. 



26 



OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. No. 147 



Adeloplectron was considered a synonym of 
Froggattisca by New, 1985b: 63. 
FUENTENUS Navas, 1909. See Dilar Rambur, [1838] 

1837-1840. 
FURGA Navas, 1930. See Cueta Navas. 1911. 
FURGELLA Markl, 1953: 277. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Furgella intermedia Markl, 
1953: 278, original designation. 
FURGUS Navas, 1921. See Dimarella {Dimarelta) 

Banks. 1913. 
FUSA Navas, 1925. See Gerstaeckerella Enderlein, 1910. 
FUSOLEON New, 1985b: 69. MYR: MYRN: DENI 

Type species: Fusoleon stigmatus New, 
1985b: 70, original designation. 
GAM A Navas, 1912. See Pseudoformicaleo Van der 

Weele. 1909. 
GANCHETUS Navas, 1929. See Notiobiella Banks, 1909. 
GANDULUS Navas, 1912g: 73. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Gandulus leptogaster Navas, 
1912g: 73, monotypy. Gandulus leptogaster was 
considered a synonym of Myrmeleon filiformis 
Gerstaecker, [1885a] 1884: 31, by Esben- 
Petersen, 1931b: 93. 
GANGUILUS Navas, 1912g: 72. MYR: MYRN: DISI 

Type species: Ganguilus pallescens Navas, 
1912g: 72, monotypy. 
CORDESES Navas, 1914t: 94. 

Type species: Cordeses oblitus Navas, 1914i: 
95. monotypy. Cordeses oblitus was considered 
a synonym of Ganguilus pallescens Navas, 
1912g: 72, the type species of Ganguilus Navas, 
1912, by Holzel, 1982: 263. Cordeses was con- 
sidered a synonym of Ganguilus by Holzel, 1982: 
263. 
GANUSSA Navas, 1912. See Neuroleon Navas, 1909. 
++GATSARA, misspelling. See Gatzara Navas, 1915. 
GATZARA Navas, 1915c: 385. MYR: MYRN: DENI 

Type species: Gatzara jubilaea Navas, 1915c: 
386, monotypy. 
++GATSARA; Zoological Record (Insecta), 1918: 
193. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Gatzara. 
■i-+GAYOMIA, misspelling. See Gayomyia Banks, 1913. 
GAYOMYIA Banks, 1913a: 217. HEM 

Type species: Megalomus falcatus Blanchard 
in Gay, 1851: 125, original designation. 
+^^GAYOMIA■, Banks, 1913a: 217. An incorrect 
original spelling. Acting as first revisers, 
Article 24b, we presently select Gayomyia as 
the correct original spelling. 
PORTER Navas, 1924b: 15. 

Type species: Porter discolor Navas, 1924b: 
16. monotypy. Porter was considered a synonym 
of Gayomyia by Handschin. 1955: 5. 
GEPELLA Holzel, 1968b: 14. MYR: MYRN: ISOI 

Type species: Gepella modesta Holzel, 
1968b: 15, monotypy. 
GEPUS Navas. 1912b: 180. MYR: MYRN: ISOI 

Type species: Gepus invisus Navas, 1912b: 
180, monotypy. 
GERSTAECKERELLA Enderlein, 1910a: 368. 

MAN: DREN 
Type species: Gerstaeckerella gigantea En- 
derlein, 1910a: 370, original designation. 
FUSA Navas. 1925a: 307. 



Type species: Fusa pirioni Navas. 1925a: 
307, monotypy. Fusa was considered a synonym 
of Gerstaeckerella by Penny, 1982a: 212. 
++GERSTECKERELLA; Kozhantshikov. 1949: 356. 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Gerstaeckerella. 
++GERSTECKERELLA, misspelling. See Gerstaeckerella 

Enderlein, 1910. 
GEYRIA Esben-Petersen, 1920b: 146. 

MYR: MYRN: DISI 
Type species: Geyria saharica Esben- 
Petersen. 1920b: 147, original designation. 
MICRONEMURUS Navas, 1926e: 44. 

Type species: Macronemurus lepidulus 
Navas, 1912k: 748, original designation. 
Micronemurus was considered a synonym of 
Geyria by Holzel, 1987: 386. 
GIBRELLA Navas, 1914u: 98. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Gibrella congolana Navas, 
1914u: 99, monotypy. Gibrella and its type spe- 
cies G. congolana were also subsequently pub- 
lished as new taxa by Navas. 1916a: 230, 231, 
using the identical latin descriptions published 
by Navas in 1914. 
GLENOCHRYSA Esben-Petersen, 1920a: 518. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 
Type species: Glenochrysa typica Esben- 
Petersen, 1920a: 518, original designation. 
GLENOLEON Banks, 1913a: 223. MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Myrmeleon pulchellus Rambur, 
1842: 408 (as "Glenurus pulchellus Walk, 
[sic]"), original designation. 
GLENOPSIS Banks, 1913. See Eremoleon Banks, 1901. 
GLENOSMYLUS Kruger, 1913: 91. OSM: SPIN 

Type species: Glenosmylus elegans Kriiger, 
1913: 91, original designation. 
GLENUROIDES Okamoto, 1910b: 294. MYR: MYRN 
Type species: Glenuroides communis 
Okamoto, 1910b: 295, original designation. 
Glenuroides communis was considered a syn- 
onym of Glenurus japonicus McLachlan, [1867a] 
1868: 248. the type species of Eoleon Navas, 
[1921] 1919, by Kuwayama, 1962: 383. Incor- 
rect type species designation by Kuwayama, 
1962: 383. of Glenurus japonicus McLachlan, 
[1867a] 1868: 248. 
EOLEON Navas, [1921b] 1919: 65. 

Type species: Glenurus japonicus 
McLachlan, [1867a] 1868: 248, original designa- 
tion. Glenurus japonicus was considered a senior 
subjective synonym of Glenuroides communis 
Okamoto, 1910b: 295. the type species of 
Glenuroides Okamoto. 1910. by Kuwayama, 
1962:383. 
GLENURUS Hagen, 1866a: 372. 405. 

MYR: MYRN: GLEI 
Type species: Formicaleo grata Say, 1839: 45 
(as "G. gratus (Say)"), subsequent designation 
by Banks, 1927: 67. 
LEDOSCWS Navas, 1918b: 493. 

Type species: Ledoscius penningtoni Navas, 
1918b: 493, monotypy. Ledoscius was considered 
a synonym of Glenurus by Slange, 1970b: 22. 
++GL1YPTOBASIS, misspelling. See Glyptobasis 

McLachlan. [1871] 1873. 
GLYPTOBASIS McLachlan. [1871] 1873: 268. 

ASC: ASCN 



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27 



Type species: Ascalaphus (Ogcogaster) 
dentifer Westwood, [1847] 1848: 69. subsequent 
designation by McLachlan, [1873b] 1871: 402. 
^-^GLIYPTOBASIS; Brethes, 1908: 16. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Glyptobasis. 
GNOPHOLEON Stange, 1970a: 148 

MYR: MYRN: BRAI 
Type species: Gnopholeon zapotecus Stange, 
1970a: 150, original designation. 
GOLAFRUS Navas, 1912g: 86. MYR: PALN 

Type species: Palpares oneili Peringuey, 
1911: 34, original designation. 
GOLJVA Navas, 1920. See. Nacarina Navas, 1915. 
GONIOCERCUS Insom and Carfi, [1989a] 1988: 76. 

MYR: PALN 
Type species: Palpares laticaudus Navas, 1915c: 378, 
original designation (as "Palpares laticaudatus 
[sic]"). 
++GONIOPTERYX, misspelling. See Coniopteryx 

(Coniopteryx) Curtis, 1834. 
GONZAGA Navas, [1913h] 1912-1913: 317. 

CHR: CHRN: LEUI 
Type species: Gonzaga torquatus Navas, 
[1913h] 1912-1913: 318, monoiypy. 
GORGYRA Navas, 1900. See Nephoneura McLachlan, 

[1871] 1873. 
GRAMMOSMYLUS Kruger, 1914. See Spilosmylus 

Kolbe, 1897. 
GRANDOSMYLUS Makarkin, 1985b: 41. OSM: OSMN 
Type species: Grandosmylus centrasius 
Makarkin, 1985b: 44, original designation. 
GRAONUS Navas, 1922d: 253. MYR: MYRN: DISI 

Type species: Nelees mesopotamiae Morton, 
1921: 214, original designation. 
GRAPA Navas, 1932. See Porrerus Navas, 1913. 
GRIALA Navas, 1914u: 95. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Griala macilenta Navas, 
1914u: 95, monotypy. Griala and its type spe- 
cies G. macilenta were also subsequently pub- 
lished as new taxa by Navas, 1916a: 227, 228, 
using the identical latin descriptions published 
by Navas in 1914. 
LAND ANUS Navas, 1932c: 277. 

Type species: Naldanus humeralis Navas, 
1926f: 88, original designation. Landanus was 
considered a synonym of Griala by Markl, 1954: 
239. 
++GROCE, misspelling. See Croce McLachlan, 1885. 
GROCUS Navas, 1925. See Myrmeleon Linnaeus, 1767. 
GRYPOPLECTRON Esben-Petersen, 1928. See Vella 

Navas, 1913. 
GRYPOSMYLLIS Kruger, 1913: 32. OSM: PRON 

Type species: Chrysopa pubicosta Walker, 
1860: 183 (as "pubicosta Walker"), original des- 
ignation. 
GUIPA Navas, 1927h: 3. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Guipa Columbiana Navas, 
1927h: 4, monotypy. 
GUMILLA Navas, 1912b: 189. OSM 

Type species: Gumllla adspersus Navas, 
1912b: 189, by the following original designa- 
tion: "Tipo de este nuevo genero es la especie 
que voy a describir. . . . [below] 60. Gumilla 
adspersus sp. nov." Gumilla was originally 
placed in the Chrysopidae; it was transferred to 
the Osmylidae by Adams, 1977: 100. 
GYMNOCNEMIA Schneider, 1845: 343. 



MYR: MYRN: GLEI 
Type species: Megistopus variegatus Schnei- 
der, 1845: 342, monotypy. 
APLECTROCNEMUS A. Costa, 1855: 18. 

Type species: Aplectrocnemus multi- 
punctatus A. Costa, 1855: 18, monotypy. 
Aplectrocnemus multipunctatus was considered a 
synonym of Megistopus variegatus Schneider, 
1845: 342, the type species of Gymnocnemia 
Schneider, 1845, by H. Aspock, U. Aspock and 
Holzel, 1980: 311. Aplectrocnemus was consid- 
ered a synonym of Gymnocnemia by H. Aspock, 
U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 311. 
++APLECTROCNEMIS; Taschenberg, 1879: 193. 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Aplectrocnemus. 
++APLECTROCNEMIA; McLachlan, 1898a: 153. 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Aplectrocnemus. 

GYMNOLEON Banks, 1911b: 12. MYR: MYRN: DISI 
Type species: Gymnoleon exilis Banks, 
1911b: 13, original designation. 

++GYROPLECTRON, misspelling. See Vella Navas, 
1913. 

HAARUPIELLA Esben-Petersen, 1914. See Nusalala 
Navas, 1913. 

HAGENOBIUS Knigei, 1922. See Hemerobius 
(Hemerobius) Linnaeus, 1758. 

HAGENOMYIA Banks, 1911b [March]: 8. 

MYR: MYRN: MYRI 
Type species: Myrmeleon tristis Walker, 
1853: 373 (as "Myrmeleon tristis Hagen [sic]"), 
original designation. 
NELEES Navas, 1911b [August]: 244. 

Type species: Myrmeleon tristis Walker, 
1853: 373, subsequent designation by Navas, 
19121: 406. Incorrect type species designation 
by Navas, 191 If [November]: 245, oi Myrmeleon 
nemausiense Borkhausen, 1791: 162, a name not 
originally included in Nelees and not linked by 
Navas with one of the originally included names. 
Nelees Navas, 1911 [August] is a junior objec- 
tive synonym of Hagenomyia Banks, 1911 
[March]. 

Discussion: Navas (1911b [August]: 244) ap- 
parently contains the first use of the generic 
name Nelees, which Navas stated was formed 
"pour les Myrmeleon du groupe tristis." In this 
work Navas referred two species to Nelees: 
"Nelees ... lynceus Fabr." [i.e., Myrmeleon 
lynceum Fabricius, 1787: 249] and "Nelees tristis 
Hagen [sic]" [i.e., Myrmeleon tristis Walker, 
1853: 373], but neither was designated as the 
type species. The type of Nelees Navas, 1911 
[August] was fixed by subsequent designation by 
Navas (19121: 406) where "tristis" was explicitly 
stated to be the type, and Nelees was noted to be 
isogenotypic with and therefore a junior objec- 
tive synonym of Hagenomyia Banks, 1911 
[March]. Kimmins' (1938a: 366) contention that 
M. tristis was fixed by original designation as the 
type species oi Nelees Navas, 1911 [August], is 
erroneous. 

Further complicating matters, Navas (191 If 
[November]: 245) described another antlion 
using the combination "Nelees punctatus," and 
staled " nemausiensis Borkh." to be the type spe- 



28 



OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, No. 147 



cies of Nelees. Navas also cited in this paper a 
supposed previous work in the journal Broteria in 
which the description of Nelees (with nemausien- 
sis as its type species) was supposed to have ap- 
peared. This paper, Navas 191 2g, was apparently 
intended for publication in early 1911 but was 
delayed by revolution in Portugal and did not ap- 
pear until 1912. Navas 1912g does in fact con- 
tain the first description of Nelees, and name 
nemausiense as its type species. However, since 
nemausiense was not a species included in the 
publication containing the first publication of 
Nelees (i.e., 1911b) it is not available for selec- 
tion as its type species. 
BALIGA Navas, 191 2j: 110. 

Type species: Myrmelcon asakurae Okamoto, 
1910b: 297 (as "Myrmeleon asakurai [sic] 
Okamoto"), original designation. Baliga was 
considered a synonym of Hagenomyia by Markl, 
1954: 233. 
BALAGA Navas, 1912J: 111. 

Type species: Myrmeleon micans McLachlan, 
1875a: 176, original designation. Balaga was 
considered a synonym of Hagenomyia by Markl, 
1954: 233. 
++NELEIS; Zoological Record (Insecta), 1912: 377. 

An incorrect subsequent spelling of Nelees. 
++NELCES; Navas, 1913c: 278. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Nelees. 
HALTER Rambur, 1842: 332. NEM: NEMN 

Type species: Nemoptera alba Olivier, 1811: 
179, subsequent designation by Desmarest in 
d'Orbigny, [1846] 1849: 611. Incorrect type 
species designation by Kirby, 1900: 459, of 
Panorpa halterata Forskil, 1775: 97 (as "Halter 
halterata"). Halter was originally proposed as a 
subgenus oi Nemoptera Latreille, 1802. 
HALTERINA Navas. 1912d: 11. NEM: NEMN 

Type species: Nemoplera purcelli Peringuey, 
1910: 451 (as "Halterina Purcelli, Peringuey"), 
original designation. 
++HAPLOGENIUS, misspelling. See Haploglenius 

Burmeister, 1839. 
HAPLOGLENIUS Burmeister, 1839: 1000. 

ASC: HAPN 

Type species: Ascalaphus costatus Burmeis- 
ter, 1839: 1000, subsequent designation by Van 
der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 43. Incorrect type spe- 
cies designation (as ++Haplogenius) by 
Blanchard in d'Orbigny, [1845] 1849: 475, of As- 
calaphus appendiculatus Fabricius, 1793: 96, a 
name not originally included in Haploglenius and 
not linked by Blanchard with one of the origi- 
nally included names. 
PTYNX Lefebvre, 1842: 6. 

Type species: Ascalaphus costatus Burmeis- 
ter, 1839: 1000 (as "Costatus, Burm."), 
monotypy, but see below. 

Note: Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 56, indi- 
cates that the Ptynx costatus of Lefebvre, 1842, 
is a misidentification (of Ascalaphus costatus 
Burmeister, 1839) conspecific with Ascalaphus 
appendiculatus Fabricius, 1793: 96. This is a 
case of a misidentified type species which should 
be referred to the Commission under Article 70b. 
The laxonomic status of Ptynx and its replace- 
ment name Neuroptynx should be reevaluated 



after the type species of these genera have been 
clarified by the Commission. A junior homonym 
of Ptynx Moehring, 1758: 49, - Aves; Ptynx 
Blyth, 1840: 175, - Aves. The objective replace- 
ment name is Neuroptynx McClendon, 1906. 
++HAPLOGENIUS; Lefebvre, 1842: 8. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Haploglenius. 
++OLOPHTHALMUS Lefebvre, 1842: 4, 8. Name 
unavailable, having been first published as a 
junior synonym (of Haploglenius) prior to 
1961, and never having been made available by 
having been adopted as the valid name of a 
genus-group taxon or treated as a senior 
homonym. Article lie. ++Olophthalmus was 
considered synonymous with Haploglenius by 
Lefebvre, 1842: 8. 
NEUROPTYNX McClendon, 1906: 172. 

Type species: Ascalaphus costatus Burmeis- 
ter, 1839: 1000, monotypy (of Ptynx Lefebvre, 
1842); but see above under Ptynx Lefebvre, 
1842. Incorrect type species designation by Van 
der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 56, of Ascalaphus 
appendiculatus Fabricius, 1793: 96. Neuroptynx 
was proposed as the objective replacement name 
for Ptynx Lefebvre, 1 842. 
HELCOPTERYX McLachlan, [1871] 1873: 271. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Bubo rhodiogrammus Rambur, 
1842: 355, monotypy. 
HELICOCONIS Enderiein, 1905a: 226. CON: ALEN 

Type species: Coniopteryx lutea Wallengren, 
1871: 55, original designation. 
++HELIOCONIS; Stitz, 1927: XIV-18. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Helicoconis. 
(FONTENELLEA) Carpentier and Lestage, [1928] 
1927-1928: 156. 

Type species: Fontenellea maroccana Car- 
pentier and Lestage, [1928] 1927-1928: 156. 
original designation. Fontenellea was consid- 
ered a subgenus of Helicoconis by Meinander. 
1972a: 129. 
++FONTENELLA; Friedrich in Bronn, 1953: 122. 

An incorrect subsequent spelling of Fontenellea. 
PARAHEUCOCONIS Kis in Kis, Nagler and 
Mandru, 1970:64. 

Type species: Helicoconis transsylvanica 
Kis, 1965: 125, original designation. 
Parahelicoconis was originally proposed as a 
subgenus of //e/icoconw Enderiein, 1905. 
Parahelicoconis was considered a synonym of 
Helicoconis {Fontenellea) by Meinander, 1972a: 
129. 
(OHMOPTERYX) Kis in Kis, Nagler and Mandru, 
1970: 62. 

Type species: Helicoconis pseudolutea Ohm, 
1965: 188, original designation. Ohmopteryx 
was considered a subgenus of Helicoconis by 
Meinander, 1972a: 126. 
(CAPOCONIS) Meinander, 1972a: 135. 

Type species: Helicoconis capensis Enderiein, 
1914: 225, original designation. Capoconis was 
considered a subgenus of Helicoconis hy Meinan- 
der, 1972a: 135. 
HELICOMITUS McLachlan, [1871] 1873. See 

Ascalaphus Fabricius, 1775. 
+-^HELIOCONlS, misspelling. See Helicoconis 
{Helicoconis) Enderiein, 1905. 



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29 



HELIOSMYLUS Kriiger, 1915. See Spilosmylus Kolbe. 

1897. 
HEMEROBIELLA Kimmins. 1940b: 232. HEM 

Type species: Hemerobiella sinuata 
Kimmins, 1940b: 233, original designation. 
HEMEROBIUS Linnaeus, 1758: 549. HEM 

Type species: Hemerobius humulinus 
Linnaeus, 1758: 550, subsequent designation by 
the International Commission on Zoological No- 
menclature (1954a: 3) using the plenary powers 
in suspension of the rules. To preserve accus- 
tomed usage the Commission, using the plenary 
powers, set aside in Opinion 21 1 all prior type 
selections for Hemerobius and designated 
Hemerobius humulinus Linnaeus, 1758, as the 
type species of Hemerobius. The generic name 
Hemerobius Linnaeus, 1758, was placed on the 
Official List of Generic Names in Zoology: 
Name No. 644. The specific name humulinus 
Linnaeus, 1758, as published in the combination 
Hemerobius humulinus, was placed on the Offi- 
cial List of Specific Names in Zoology: Name 
No. 21. Invalidated type species designation by 
Latreille, 1810: 435, of Hemerobius perla 
Linnaeus, 1758: 549 (as "Hemerobius perla. Fab. 
[sic]"). See ICZN Opinions 11 (ICZN, 1939) and 
136 (ICZN, 1945) for a discussion of type spe- 
cies designated in Latreille, 1810. Type designa- 
tion set aside by the ICZN, 1954a: 12. Incorrect 
type species designation by Curtis, 1828: un- 
paginated letterpress to plate 202, of Hemerobius 
hirtus Linnaeus, 1761: 382, a name not originally 
included in Hemerobius and not linked by Curtis 
with one of the originally included names. Inval- 
idated type species designation by Banks, 1905a: 
29, of Hemerobius humulinus Linnaeus, 1758: 
549 (as "H. hamuli [sic] Linn."). Type designa- 
tion set aside by the ICZN, 1954a: 12. 

++HEMEROBIVS; Muller, 1764: 65. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Hemerobius. 

++HEMEROBUS; Lamarck, 1801: 258. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Hemerobius. 

EGATOATX Wesmael, 1836a: 167. 

Type species: Hemerobius humulinus 
Linnaeus, 1758: 549, subsequent designation by 
Kimmins, 1963: 202. Hemerobius humulinus 
was included in Egnyonyx by Wesmael under the 
incorrect subsequent spelling Hemerobius 
+-*-humuli of Linnaeus, 1761: 383. Egnyonyx is a 
junior objective synonym of Hemerobius 
Linnaeus, 1758. 

MUCROPALPUS Rambur, 1842: 420. 

Type species: Hemerobius lutescens 
Fabricius, 1793: 84, subsequent designation by 
H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 208. 
Incorrect type species designation by McLachlan, 
1863: 114, of Hemerobius humulinus Linnaeus, 
1758: 550 (as "H. Hamuli [sic]"), a name not 
originally included in Mucropalpus and not 
linked by McLachlan with one of the originally 
included names. Incorrect type species designa- 
tion by Banks, 1905a: 29, of "A/, lutescens 
Rambur (nee. Fabricius), and is the same as H. 
hamuli." The Mucropalpus lutescens of Rambur, 
is not an originally included nominal species 
under a strict interpretation of Article 69a(i). 
Only the species actually cited by name (i.e., H. 



lutescens Fabricius, 1793) are originally in- 
cluded, and thus available for type selection. In- 
correct type species designation by Leraut, 
[1981] 1980: 238, oi Mucropalpus obscurus 
Rambur, 1842: 423. Mucropalpus was consid- 
ered a synonym of Hemerobius by Klimaszewski 
and Kevan, 1985: 5. 

++MACROPALPUS; Hagen in Berendt, 1856: 124. 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Mucropalpus. 

STENOLOMUS Navas, 1906b: 701. 

Type species: Stenolomus cabrerai Navas, 
1906b: 701, subsequent designation by H. 
Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 208. 
Stenolomus was considered a synonym of 
Hemerobius by Klimaszewski and Kevan, 1985: 
6. 

HEMERODOMIA Navas, 1909d: 215. 

Type species: Hemerodomia buyssoni Navas, 
1909d: 217, monotypy. Hemerodomia buyssoni 
was considered a synonym of Hemerobius stigma 
Stephens, 1836: 112, by H. Aspock, U. Aspock 
and Holzel, 1980: 211. Hemerodomia was con- 
sidered a synonym of Hemerobius by 
Klimaszewski and Kevan, 1985: 6. 

++HEMERODROMIA; Zoological Record (Insecta), 
1909: 358. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Hemerodomia. 

HAGENOBIUS Kriiger, 1922c: 171. 

Type species: Hemerobius citrinus Hagen, 
1861: 204 (as "citrinus Hag."), original designa- 
tion. Hemerobius citrinus was considered a syn- 
onym of Hemerobius conjunctus Fitch, [1855] 
1854: 798, Klimaszewski and Kevan, 1985: 37. 
Hagenobius was considered a synonym of 
Hemerobius by Klimaszewski and Kevan, 1985: 
6. 

REUTEROBIUS Kriiger. 1922c: 171. 

Type species: Hemerobius pini Stephens, 
1836: 111 (as "pini Steph."), original designa- 
tion. Reuterobius was considered a synonym of 
Hemerobius by Klimaszewski and Kevan, 1985: 
6. 

SCHNEIDEROBIUS Kiiiger, 1922c: 171. 

Type species: Hemerobius nitidulus 
Fabricius, 1777: 244 (as "nitidulus F."), original 
designation. Schneiderobius was considered a 
synonym of Hemerobius by Klimaszewski and 
Kevan, 1985: 6. 

ANOTIOBIELLA Kimmins. 1928: 364. 

Type species: Anotiobiella wilhycombci 
Kimmins, 1928: 365, monotypy. Anotiobiella 
was considered a synonym of Hemerobius by 
Gonzalez-Olazo, 1987: 44. 

■i-+HEMOROBINUS; Shinji, 1928: 124 (Not seen). 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Hemerobius. 

MONOROBIUS Makarkin, 1985a: 167. NEW 
SYNONYMY 

Type species: Hemerobius lutescens 
Fabricius, 1793: 84, original designation. 
Monorobius is a junior objective synonym of 
Mucropalpus Rambur, 1842. Monorobius was 
originally proposed as a subgenus of Hemerobius 
Linnaeus, 1758. 
(BRAUEROBIUS) Kriiger, 1922c: 171. 



30 



OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. No. 147 



Type species: Hemerobius marginatus Ste- 
phens, 1836: 109 (as "marginatus Step."), origi- 
nal designation. Brauerobius was considered a 
subgenus of Hemerobius by Klimaszewski and 
Kevan, 1985: 66. 
++HEMEROBIVS, misspelling. See Hemerobius 

(Hemerobius) Linnaeus, 1758. 
++HEMEROBUS, misspelling. See Hemerobius 

(Hemerobius) Linnaeus, 1758. 
HEMERODOMIA Navas, 1909. See Hemerobius 

(Hemerobius) Linnaeus, 1758. 
++HEMERODROMIA, misspelling. See Hemerobius 

(Hemerobius) Linnaeus, 1758. 
HEMISEMIDALIS Meinander, 1972a: 290. CON: CONN 
Type species: Parasemidalis pallida 
Withycombe, [1924] 1923: 141, original designa- 
tion. 
++HEMOROBINUS, misspelling. See Hemerobius 

(Hemerobius) Linnaeus, 1758. 
IIEOCLISIS Navas, 1923f: 12. MYR: ACAN 

Type species: Myrmeleon fundatus Walker, 
1853: 320, original designation. 
HESPEROLEON Banks, 1913. See Brachynemurus 

Hagen, 1888. 
HETERITHONE Tillyard, 1919. See Ithone Newman, 

1838. 
HETEROCONIS Enderiein, 1905a: 226. CON: ALEN 
Type species: Heteroconis ornata Enderiein, 
1905a: 226, original designation. 
NIPHADICERA Withycombe, 1925b: 6. 

Type species: Malacomyza terminalis Banks, 
1913a: 220, original designation. Niphadicera 
was considered a synonym of Heteroconis by 
Meinander, 1972a: 59. 
(DREPANOCONIS) Tjeder, [1973] 1972: 203. 

Type species: Heteroconis (Drepanoconis) 
amoena Tjeder, [1973] 1972: 204, original desig- 
nation. 
HETEROLEON Eshen-Peiersen, 1918. See Bandidus 

Navas, 1914. 
HETEROMICROMUS Kruger, 1922. See Micromus 

Rambur, 1842. 
IIETEROSMYLUS Kriiger, 1913: 37. OSM: PRON 

Type species: Heterosmylus aspersus Kruger, 
1913: 37, original designation. 
HIMALOCHRYSA Holzel, 1973: 367. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 
Type species: Himalochrysa modesta Holzel, 
1973: 368, original designation. 
NEPALOCHRYSA Holzel, 1973: 347. 

Type species: Anisochrysa (Nepalochrysa) 
bhandarensis Holzel, 1973: 347, original desig- 
nation. Nepalochrysa was originally proposed as 
a subgenus of Anisochrysa Nakahara, 1955; it 
was considered a synonym of Himalochrysa by 
Brooks and Barnard 1990: 219-220. 
HOLOCONIOPTERYX Meinander, 1972. See 

Coniopteryx (Holoconiopteryx) Meinander, 
1972. 
HORNIUS Navas, 1922. See Nehornius Navas, 1925. 
WyB/?/S Lefebvre, 1842: 7. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Ascalaphus javanus Burmeis- 
ter, 1839: 1001 (as "Javanus, Burm."), 
monotypy. A junior homonym of Hybris Nitzsch, 
1833: 16, - Aves. There is no objective replace- 
ment name. 
nVLGLEON Navas, [1929h] 1928: 188. 



MYR: MYRN: DISI 
Type species: Hyloleon rhodocerus Navas, 
[1929h] 1928: 189, monotypy. 

HYPOCHRYSA Hagen, 1866a: 377, 423. CHR: NOTN 
Type species: Chrysopa nobilis Schneider, 
1851: 142 (as "nobilis Heyd. [sic]"), monotypy 
(a second listed name, "raphidioides," is a 
nomen nudum). Chrysopa nobilis Schneider, 
1851: 142, is a junior primary homonym of 
Chrysopa nobilis Brauer, 1851: 7. The objective 
replacement name is Hypochrysa pernobilis Tje- 
der, 1967b: 229. Chrysopa nobilis Schneider, 
1851, was considered a synonym of Chrysopa 
elegans Burmeister, 1839: 981, by H. Aspock, U. 
Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 236. 

Note: Leraut, [1981] 1980: 238, proposed the 
new name Hypochrysodes as a replacement name 
for Hypochrysa Hagen, 1866, which he believed 
to be preoccupied by the ++Hypochrysa of 
Gould, 1861. However, the ++Hypochrysa of 
Gould, 1861: Ixxxvii, is an unavailable incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Hypochrysia Reichenbach, 
1854: 4, 9, and therefore does not enter into 
homonomy with Hypochrysa Hagen, 1866, Arti- 
cle 33c. For additional discussion see Oswald, 
1987. 
HYPOCHRYSODES LeTHUt, [1981] 1980: 238. 

Type species: Chrysopa nobilis Schneider, 
1851: 42, monotypy (of Hypochrysa Hagen, 
1866). Hypochrysodes was proposed unnecessar- 
ily as an objective replacement name for 
Hypochrysa Hagen, 1866. See note under 
Hypochrysa Hagen, 1866. 

HYPOCHRYSODES LeTaul, [1981] 1980. Sec 
Hypochrysa Hagen, 1866. 

HYPOSMYLUS McLachlan, 1870. See Osmylus 
(Osmylus) Latreille, 1802. 

HYPSOLEON Navas, 1936a: 103. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Ilypsoleon chappuisinus 
Navas, 1936a: 103, monotypy. 

IDIOMICROMUS Nakahara, 1955d: 8. HEM 

Type species: Idiomicromus kanoi Nakahara, 
1955d: 8, original designation. 

IDRICERUS McLachlan, [1871] 1873: 240. 

ASC: HAPN 
Type species: Ascalaphus decrepitus Walker, 
1860: 197, monotypy (a second species, As- 
calaphus (Haploglenius) obscurus Westwood, 
[1847] 1848: 69, was only doubtfully included). 

INCAMOLEON Banks, 1913. See Eremoleon Banks, 
1901. 

INCASEMIDALIS Meinander, 1972a: 287. CON: CONN 
Type species: Incasemidalis peruviensis 
Meinander, 1972a: 288, original designation. 

++INDOCHRYSA Banks, 1938. See Semachrysa Brooks, 
1983. 

INDOCLYSTUS Banks, 1941: 3. MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Myrmeleon singulare West- 
wood, [1847] 1848: 70 (as "Glenurus singularis 
Westwood"), monotypy. 

INDOLEON Banks, 1913a: 222. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Myrmeleon tacitus Walker, 
1853: 362, original designation. 

INDOLEON Eraser, 1952. See Brachynemurus Hagen, 
1888. 

INDOMICROMUS KrUger, 1922. See Micrumus Rambur, 
1842. 



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31 



INDOPALPARES Insom and Carfi, [1989a] 1988: 77. 

MYR: PALN 
Type species: Palpares pardus Rambur, 1842: 
375, original designation. 
INDOPHANES Banks, 1940: 195. MYR: MYRN: GLEI 
Type species: Myrmeleon barbarus Walker, 
1853: 358, original designation. 
IRANOLEON Holzel, 1968b: 7. MYR: MYRN: MYCI 
Type species: Iranoleon vartianae Holzel, 
1968b: 7, original designation. 
++IRANSLEON; Zoological Record (Insecta), 1970: 
634. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Iranoleon. 
++IRANSLEON, misspelling. See Iranoleon Holzel, 1968. 
ISLA Navas, 1914. See Campion Navas, 1914. 
++ISOCELIPTERON, misspelling. See Isoscelipleron A. 

Costa, 1863. 
ISOLEON Esben-Petersen, 1931a: 204. 

MYR: MYRN: ISOI 
Type species: Myrmeleon pumilio Klapalek, 
1914: 716, original designation. 
ISONEMURUS Esben-Petersen, 1928c: 210. 

MYR: MYRN 
Type species: Isonemurus longipalpis Esben- 
Petersen, 1928c: 211, original designation. 
ISOSCELIPTERON A. Costa, 1863 [31 December]: 34. 

BER: BERN 
Type species: Isoscelipteron Tulvuin A. 
Costa, 1863: 35, monotypy. 

Note: We have been unable to critically deter- 
mine the priority of the synonymous names 
Isoscelipteron and Dasypteryx. We list 
Isoscelipteron as the senior synonym following 
U. Aspock and H. Aspock (1980). 
DASYPTERYX Stein, 1863 [31 December]: 418. 

Type species: Dasypteryx graeca Stein, 1863: 
418, monotypy. Dasypteryx graeca was consid- 
ered a synonym of Isoscelipteron fulvum A. 
Costa, 1863: 35, the type species of Isoscelipte- 
ron A. Costa, 1863, by H. Aspock, U. Aspock 
and Holzel, 1980: 178. Dasypteryx was consid- 
ered a synonym of Isoscelipteron by U. Aspock 
and H. Aspock, 1980: 65, but see note under 
Isoscelipteron. 
++JOOSCELIPTERON; Brauer, 1866a: 987. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Isoscelipteron. 
++ISOSCLEPITERON; Banks, 1892: 360. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Isoscelipteron. 
+-^ISOCELIPTERON; Banks, 1907a: 23. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Isoscelipteron. 
++ISOSCELPTERON; Kriiger, 1922b: 63. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Isoscelipteron. 
ACROBEROTHA Kruger, 1922b: 65. 

Type species: Acroberotha tonkinensis 
Kruger, 1922b: 66 (as "tonkinensis"), original 
designation. Acroberotha was considered a syn- 
onym of Isoscelipteron by U. Aspock, 1986: 91. 
++ISOSCELIPTERUM; Navas, [1924g] 1923: 184. 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Isoscelipteron. 
+-*-ISOSCELIPTERUM, misspelling. See Isoscelipteron 

A. Costa, 1863. 
++ISOSCELPTERON, misspelling. See Isoscelipteron A. 

Costa, 1863. 
++ISOSCLEPITERON, misspelling. See Isoscelipteron 

A. Costa, 1863. 
ISOSTENOSMYLUS Kruger, 1913 [1 July]: 112. 



OSM: STEN 
Type species: Osmylus pulverulentus 
Gerstaecker, [1894] 1893: 166 (as "pulverulentus 
Gerstaecker"), original designation. 
AUSTROSMYLUS Banks. 1913a [26 August]: 215. 

Type species: Osmylus pulverulentus 
Gerstaecker, [1894] 1893: 166, original designa- 
tion. Austrosmylus is a junior objective synonym 
of Isostenosmylus Kruger, 1913. 
ITALOCHRYSA Principi, 1946: 86. 

CHR: CHRN: BELI 
Type species: Hemerobius italicus Rossi, 
1790: 12, monotypy. 
++ITIIENE, misspelling. See Ithone Newman, 1838. 
ITHONE Newman, 1838: 180. ITH 

Type species: Ithone fusca Newman, 1838: 
180, monotypy. 
++ITHENE; Agassiz, [1844] 1842-1846: 4. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Ithone. 
HETERITHONE Tillyard, 1919a: 428. 

Type species: Ithone fulva Tillyard, 1916a: 
279, original designation. Heterithone was con- 
sidered a synonym of Ithone by Riek, 1974: 40. 
JAFFUELIA Navas, 1918d: 217. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Jaffuelia chilensis Navas, 
1918d: 218, monotypy. 
JAYA Navas, 1912g [February]: 53. MYR: ACAN 

Type species: Jaya rogeri Navas, 1912b 
[June]: 164, subsequent monotypy in Navas, 
1912b [June]: 164. 
AVIA Navas, 1912f [April]: 75. 

Type species: Sogra nigrata Navas, 1912g 
[February]: 43, original designation. Avia and 
Jaya were considered subjective synonyms by 
Stange and Miller, 1985: 29, but Avia was incor- 
rectly cited as the senior synonym. 
JOERGENIA Esben-Petersen, 1933. Sec Eremoleon 

Banks, 1901. 
JOGUINA Navas, 1912a: 98. CHR: APON 

Type species: Apochrysa nicobarica Brauer, 
1864: 899 (as "nicobarica Brauer"), original des- 
ignation. 
++JOOSCELIPTERON, misspelling. See Isoscelipteron 

A. Costa, 1863. 
JOSANDREVA Navas, 1906a: 134. NEM: CRON 

Type species: Josandreva sazi Navas, 1906a: 
135, monotypy. 
APOCROCE Tjeder, 1974b: 291. 

Type species: Nematoptera pusllla 
Taschenberg, 1883: 183, original designation, 
but see below. Tjeder, 1975a: 133, indicates that 
the Apocroce pusilla of Tjeder, 1974, is a mis- 
identification (of Nematoptera pusilla 
Taschenberg, 1883) for which he proposed the 
new name Apocroce spuria. This is a case of a 
misidentified type species which should be re- 
ferred to the Commission under Article 70b. The 
taxonomic status of Apocroce should be reevalu- 
ated after its type species has been clarified by 
the Commission. Apocroce was considered a 
synonym of Josandreva by Holzel, 1975a: 54. 
KALOSMYLUS Kruger, 1913. See Kempynus Navas, 

1912. 
KELIDOSMYLUS Kruger, 1914. See Spilosmylus Kolbe, 

1897. 
KEMPYNUS Navas, 1912b: 191. OSM: KEMN 



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OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFOR>aA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. No. 147 



Type species: Osmylus incisus McLachlan, 
1863: 112 (as "excisus [sic] M'L"), original des- 
ignation. 
KALOSMYLUS Kriiger, 1913 [1 July]: 96. 

Type species: Osmylus incisus McLachlan, 
1863: 112 (as "incisus Mac Lachlan"), original 
designation. Kalosmylus is a junior objective 
synonym of Kempynus Navas, 1912. 
OSMYLINUS Banks, 1913a [26 August]: 214. 

Type species: Osmylus longipennis Walker, 
1853: 235, original designation. Osmylinus was 
considered a synonym of Kempynus by Kimmins, 
1940a: 189. 
KIMMINSIA Killington, 1937. See Wesmaelius 

{Kimminsia) Killington, 1937. 
KIMMINSIELLA Nakahara, 1960. See Psectra Hagen, 

1866. 
KIMOCHRYSA Tjeder, 1966: 254. CHR: NOTN 

Type species: Kimochrysa impar Tjeder, 
1966: 256, original designation. 
KIRBYNIA Navas, 1910. See Lertha Navas, 1910. 
KLAPALEKUS Navas, 1912h: 46. MYR: MYRN: DISI 
Type species: Klapalekus nubilatus Navas, 
1912h: 46, monotypy. 
KLUGINA Navas, 1910. See Croce McLachlan, 1885. 
KNERSVLAKTIA Picker, 1984: 260. NEM: NEMN 

Type species: Knersvlaktia nigroptera 
Picker, 1984: 260, original designation. 
KOSTKA Navas, [1913h] 1912-1913: 319. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 
Type species: Kostka nacaratus Navas, 
[1913h] 1912-1913: 319, monotypy. 
KULINGA Navas, 1936. See Neuronema McLachlan, 

1869. 
++KYRBINIA, misspelling. See Lertha Navas, 1910. 
LACHLANITA Navas, 1929a. S&e. Leucochrysa {Nodita) 

Navas, 1916. 
LACHLANIUS Kriiger, 1922. See Sympherobius Banks, 

1904. 
+ +LACHLANUS, misspelling. See Sympherobius Banks, 

1904. 
LACHLATHETES Navas, 1926g: 155. MYR: PALN 

Type species: Palpares moestus Hagen, 1853: 
482, subsequent designation by Navas, 1912m: 
206 (of Symmathetes McLachlan, [1867] 1868). 
Incorrect original type species designation by 
Navas, 1926g: 155, of Palpares falcatus 
McLachlan, [1867a] 1868: 236. The type species 
of a new replacement name is fixed automatically 
as the type species of the name which it replaces. 
Article 67h. Lachlathetes was proposed as the 
objective replacement name for Symmathetes 
McLachlan, [1867] 1868. 
SYMMATHETES McLachlan, [1867a] 1868: 237. 

Type species: Palpares moestus Hagen, 1853: 
482, subsequent designation by Navas, 1912m: 
206. A junior homonym of Symmathetes 
Schonherr, 1847: 31, - Insecta: Coleoptera: 
Curculionidae. The objective replacement name 
is Lachlathetes Navas, 1926. 
LACROIXIA Navas, 1924. See Mesonemurus Navas, 

[1920] 1919. 
LADRUS Navas, 1929i: 24. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Ladrus variipennis Navas, 
19291: 24, monotypy. 
LAHULUS Navas, 1930b: 9. GSM: OSMN? 



Type species: Lahulus babauiti Navas, 
1930b: 10, monotypy. 
++LANULUS: Makarkin, 1985b: 36. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Lahulus. 
LAIDLAWIELLA Esben-Petersen, 1927a: 549. 

ASC: HAPN 
Type species: Laldlawiella pulchra Esben- 
Petersen, 1927a: 549, monotypy. 
LAINIUS Navas, [1913h] 1912-1913: 300. 

CHR: APON 
Type species: Lainius constellatus Navas, 
[1913h] 1912-1913: 300, monotypy. 
LANDANUS Navas, 1932. See Griala Navas, 1914. 
++LANULUS, misspeUing. Sec Lahulus Navas, 1930. 
LAURIIERVASIA Navas, 1914k: 647. NEM: CRON 

Type species: Croce lawl Navas, 1913d: 87, 
original designation. Croce lawi was considered 
a synonym of Nemoptera setacea Klug, [1838] 
1836: 95, by Holzel, 1975a: 88. 
LAYAHIMA Navas, 1912g: 36. MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Layahima nebulosa Navas, 
1912g: 36 (as "Layhaima [sic] nebulosa"), 
monotypy. 
++LAYHAIMA; Navas, 1912g: 36. An incorrect 
original spelling. The correct spelling, 
Layahima, was fixed by Stange, 1976: 
309-310, acting as first reviser. 
NOUES Navas, 1919d: 13. 

Type species: Noues zonatus Navas, 1919d: 
14, monotypy. Noues was considered a synonym 
oi Layahima by Stange, 1976: 309. 
■v-^LAYHAlMA, misspelling. See Layahima Navas, 1912. 
+-k^LEACOCHRYSA, misspelling. See Leucochrysa 

McLachlan, 1868. 
LEDOSCIUS Navas, 1918. See Glenurus Hagen, 1866. 
LEKRUGERIA Navas. 1929b: 40. BER: BERN 

Type species: Lekrugeria lineata Navas, 
1929b: 41, monotypy. 
LEMOLEMUS Navas, 191 le: 123. MYR: MYRN: BRAI 
Type species: Lemolemus necator Navas, 
191 le: 123 (as "Lemolemus nectator [sic] 
Navas"), subsequent designation by Stange, 
1970a: 54. 
PLATER Navas, 1919a: 297. 

Type species: Plater iniquus Navas, 1919a: 
297, monotypy. Plater was considered a syn- 
onym o{ Lemolemus by Stange, 1970a: 54. 
BRIDAROLLUS Navas, 1933d: 90. 

Type species: Bridarollus solers Navas, 
1933d: 91, monotypy. Bridarollus was consid- 
ered a synonym oi Lemolemus by Stange, 1970a: 
54. 
LEPTOLEOA/ Esben-Petersen, 1918. See Myrme/con 

Linnaeus, 1767. 
LERTHA Navas, 1910e: 374. NEM: NEMN 

Type species: Nemoptera barbara Klug, 
[1838] 1836: 94 (as "Lertha barbara Klug"), 
original designation. 
KIRBYNIA Navas. 1910e: 385. 

Type species: Chasmatoptera sheppardi 
Kirby, 1904: 60 (as "Kirbynia Sheppardi 
Kirby"), original designation. Kirbynia was con- 
sidered a synonym of Lertha by Monserrat. 
[1989] 1988-1989: 88. 
++KYRBINIA; Navas. 1912d: 14. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Kirbynia. 
LEUCOCHRYSA McLachlan, 1868: 208. 



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33 



CHR: CHRN: LEUI 
Type species: Chrysopa varia Schneider, 
1851:154, original designation. 
PROTOCHRYSOPA Kolbe, 1888: 174. 

Type species: Chrysopa insularis Walker, 
1853: 269 (as "Protochrysopa insularis Wlk."), 
monotypy. Protochrysopa was considered a syn- 
onym of Leucochrysa (Leucochrysa) by Brooks 
and Barnard, 1990: 247. 
++PROTOCHRYSA; Zoological Record (Insecta), 

1894: 370. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Protochrysopa. 
ALLOCHRYSA Banks, 1903b: 143. 

Type species: Chrysopa virginica Fitch, 
[1855] 1854: 795 (as "A. virginica"), original 
designation. Chrysopa virginica was considered 
a synonym of Chrysopa insularis Walker, 1853: 
269, the type species of Protochrysopa Kolbe, 
1888, by Adams, 1977: 97. Allochrysa was con- 
sidered a synonym oi Leucochrysa by Brooks and 
Barnard, 1990: 247. 
++LEACOCHRYSA; Navas, 1929f: 21. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Leucochrysa. 
(NODITA) Navas. 1916b: 21. 

Type species: Nodita ramosi Navas, 1916b: 
22, subsequent designation by Brooks and Bar- 
nard, 1990: 249. Incorrect type species designa- 
tion by Navas, 1917b: 279, of Chrysopa 
intermedia Schneider, 1851: 154, a name not 
originally included in Nodita and not linked by 
Navas to one of the originally included names. 
LACHLANITA Navas, 1929a: 369. 

Type species: Lachlanita mainerina Navas, 
1929a: 369, monotypy. Lachlanita was consid- 
ered a synonym of Leucochrysa (Nodita) by 
Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 249. 
LEUCOSEMIDALIS Meinander, 1972. See 

Neosemidalis (Leucosemidalis) Meinander, 
1972. 
LIBELLOIDES Schaffer, 1763: 1. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Papilio coccajus [Denis and 
Schiffermuller], 1775: 187 (Not seen), subse- 
quent designation by Tjeder, 1972: 154. 
LICURA Navas, 1918d: 220. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Licura ferus Navas, 191 8d: 
220, monotypy. 
LIDAR Navas, 1909. See Dilar Rambur, [1838] 

1837-1840. 
++L1DER, misspelling. See Dilar Rambur, [1838] 

1837-1840. 
LINCOYA Navas, 1911. See Nilcoya Navas, 1913. 
LOBALACSA New, 1984a: 37. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Lobalacsa norsemanensis New, 
1984a: 37, original designation. 
++LOCHLANIUS, misspelling. See Sympherobius Banks, 

1904. 
LOLOCHRYSA Banks, 1950. See Eremochrysa 

(Eremochrysa) Banks, 1903. 
LOMAMYIA Banks, 1904a: 209. BER: BERN 

Type species: Ilemerobius flavicornis 
Walker, 1853: 278 (as "Lomamyia flavicornis 
Walker"), monotypy. 
++LOMAYIA\ McClendon, 1906: 171. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Lomamyia. 
■i-+LOMAYIA, misspelling. See Lomamyia Banks, 1904. 
LOPEZUS Navas, 1913k: 449. MYR: MYRN: MYCI 



Type species: Myrmecaelurus fedtschenkoi 
McLachlan in Fedtschenko, 1875b: 4, original 
designation. 
■*-+LOSOSMYLUS, misspelling. See Lysmus Navas, 1911. 
LOVEUS Navas, 1920. See Myrmecaelurus {Nohoveus) 

Navas, 1918. 
LOYOLA Navas, [1913h] 1912-1913: 297. 

CHR: APON 
Type species: Apochrysa croesus Gerstaec- 
ker, [1894] 1893: 155, original designation. 
LYBEKIUS Navas, [1934a] 1933: 54. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Lybekius picturatus Navas, 
[1934a] 1933: 55, monotypy. 
LYSMUS Navas, 1911a: 112. OSM: SPIN 

Type species: Osmylus harmandinus Navas, 
1910c: 190, original designation. 
EOSOSMYLUS Kriiger, 1915: 73. 

Type species: Spilosmylus nigricornis 
Nakahara, 1914: 509 (as "nigricornis 
Nakahara"), original designation. Spilosmylus 
nigricornis was considered a synonym of Os- 
mylus harmandinus Navas, 1910c: 190, the type 
species of Lysmus Navas, 1911, by Kuwayama, 
1962: 345. 
NEOLYSMUS Nakahati. 1955b: 13. 

Type species: Neolysmus ogatai Nakahara, 
1955b: 13, original designation. Neolysmus was 
considered a synonym of Lysmus by Kuwayama, 
1962: 344. 
++LOSOSMYLUS; Nakahara, 1955b: 14. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Eososmylus. 
MACROLEON Banks, 1909b: 4. MYR: MYRN: MYRI 
Type species: Myrmeleon validus 
McLachlan, 1894b: 515, original designation. 
MACRONEMURUS A. Costa, 1855: 8. 

MYR: MYRN: DISI 
Type species: Myrmeleon appendiculatum 
Latreille, 1807: 193, monotypy. 
U ROLEO N Biauer, 1900: 475. 

Type species: llroleon caudatus Brauer, 
1900: 475, monotypy. Uroleon was considered a 
synonym of Macronemurus by Holzel, 1987: 
374. 
NEUSMIA Navas, 19121: 221. 

Type species: Neusmia pura Navas, 1912i: 
221, monotypy. Neusmia pura was considered a 
synonym of Macronemurus elegantulus 
McLachlan, 1898a: 155, by Holzel, 1987: 379. 
Neusmia was considered a synonym of 
Macronemurus by Holzel, 1987: 374. 
BARREJA Navas, 1915c: 390. 

Type species: Barreja persica Navas, 1915c: 
390, monotypy. Barreja was considered a syn- 
onym of Macronemurus by Holzel, 1987: 374. 
NEMURIUS Navas, [1936e] 1935: 80. 

Type species: Macronemurus lacroixi Navas, 
1923h: 339 (as "Nemurius Lacroixi Nav."), orig- 
inal designation. Macronemurus lacroixi was 
considered a synonym oi Myrmeleon quedenfeldti 
Kolbe, 1884: 134, by Holzel, 1987: 380. 
Nemurius was considered a synonym of 
Macronemurus by Holzel, 1987: 374. 
■^+MACROPALPifS, misspelling. See Hemerobius 

(Ilemerobius) Rambur, 1842. 
++MACULATAE Navas, 1901: 24. CHR 

Name unavailable, having been proposed in a 
non-Latin text as a noun in other than the nomi- 



34 



OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. No. 147 



native singular. Article llg. ++Maculatae was 
originally proposed as a 'seccion' of Chrysopa 
Leach in Brewster, 1815. 
MADACHRYSA Navas, 1934a. See Nesochrysa Navas, 

1910. 
MADAGASCARLEON YizscT, 1951. Sec Dendroleon 

Brauer, 1866. 
MADANTISPA Fraser, 1952: 58. MAN: MANN 

Type species: Madantispa seyrigi Fraser, 
1952: 58, original designation. 
+ +MADRASTA, misspelling. See Madrastra Navas, 1912. 
MADRASTRA Navas, 1912g [February]: 52. 

MYR: ACAN 
Type species: Madrastra handlirschi Navas, 
1912b [June]: 140, subsequent monotypy in 
Navas, 1912b: 140. 
++MADRASTA\ Banks, 1931b: 62. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Madrastra. 
MAGALLANES Navas, 1912. See Psychopsis Newman, 

1842. 
++MALACOMIZA, misspelling. See Coniopteryx 

(Coniopteryx) Curtis, 1834. 
MALACOMYZA Wesmael, 1836. See Coniopteryx 

(Coniopteryx) Curtis, 1834. 
+ +MALACOMYZE, misspelling. See Coniopteryx 

{Coniopteryx) Curtis, 1834. 
MALDONATUS Ni\is, [1914] 1913-1914. See 

Neuroleon Navas, 1909. 
MALLADA Navas, [1925d] 1924: 24. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 

Type species: Mallada stigmatus Navas, 

[1925d] 1924: 24, monotypy. Mallada stigmatus 

was considered a synonym of Chrysopa basalis 

Walker, 1853: 239, by Adams, 1975: 171. 

ANISOCHRYSA Nakahara, 1955c: 145. 

Type species: Anisochrysa paradoxa 
Nakahara, 1955c: 146, original designation. An- 
isochrysa paradoxa was considered a synonym of 
Chrysopa basalis Walker, 1853: 239, by Adams, 
1975: 172. Incorrect type species designation by 
Holzel, 1970a: 51, of Chrysopa basalis Walker, 
1853: 239. Anisochrysa was considered a syn- 
onym of Mallada by Adams, 1975: 171. 
++ANISOCHAR1SA; Semeria, 1977: 235. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Anisochrysa. 
TRIADOCHRYSA Adams, 1978: 294. 

Type species: Mallada (Triadochrysa) 
triangularis Adams, 1978: 295 (as "Mallada 
(Triadochrysa [sic]) triangularis"), original des- 
ignation. Triadochrysa was originally proposed 
as a subgenus of Mallada Navas, 1925, but was 
considered a synonym of Mallada by Brooks and 
Barnard, 1990: 223. 
++TRIODOCHRYSA; Adams, 1978: 294. An 
incorrect original spelling. Acting as first 
revisers. Article 24b, we presently select 
Triadochrysa as the correct original spelling. 
++MANCHADAS Navas, [1925h] 1924: 46. CHR 

Name unavailable, having been proposed in a 
non-Latin text as a noun in other than the nomi- 
native singular. Article llg. ++Manchadas was 
originally proposed as a 'secci6n' of Chrysopa 
Leach in Brewster, 1815. 
MANEGA Navas, 1930d: 412. MAN: MANN 

Type species: Manega luddemanni Navas, 
1930d: 412, monotypy. Lambkin, 1986b: 54-55, 
lists Manega luddemanni, the only species in- 



cluded in Manega, as a nomen dubium, its 
type(s) presumed destroyed in the bombing of the 
Hamburg Museum. 
++MANISPA, misspelling. See Mantispa (Mantispa) 

Illiger in Kugelann, 1798. 
MANSELLIBEROTHA U. Aspock and H. Aspock, 

1988b: 2. BER: CYRN 

Type species: Manselliberotha neu- 
ropterologorum U. Aspock and H. Aspock, 
1988b: 4, original designation. 
MANTISPA Illiger in Kugelann, 1798: 499. 

MAN: MANN 
Type species: Mantis pagana Fabricius, 1775: 
278, monotypy. Mantis pagana was considered 
a synonym of Raphidia styriaca Poda, 1761: 101, 
by H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 183. 
Incorrect type species designation by Kuwayama, 
1962: 377, of Raphidia styriaca Poda, 1761: 101 
(as "Mantispa styriaca Poda"). 
AMYCLA Rafinesque, 1815: 118. An unjustified 
emendation of Mantispa Illiger in Kugelann, 
1798. Amycla was considered an emendation 
of Mantispa Illiger in Kugelann, 1798, by 
Neave, [1939] 1939-1975, 1: 167. 
MANTISPILLA Enderiein, 1910a: 346. 

Type species: Mantispa indica Wesiwood, 
1852: 268, original designation. Mantispilla was 
originally proposed as a subgenus of Mantispa 
Illiger in Kugelann, 1798. Mantispilla was con- 
sidered a synonym of Mantispa by Penny, 1982a: 
217. 
++MANJSPA; Banks, 1943a: 79. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Mantispa. 
(STENOMANTISPA) Stitz, 1913: 47. 

Type species: Mantispa (Stenomantlspa) 
ilsae Stitz, 1913: 48, monotypy (a second species 
Mantispa reinhardi Stitz, 1913: 24, was only 
doubtfully included). Stenomantispa was origi- 
nally proposed as a subgenus of Mantispa Illiger 
in Kugelann, 1798. 
MANTISPILLA Enderiein, 1910. See Mantispa 
(Mantispa) Illiger in Kugelann, 1798. 
MARACANDA McLachlan in Fedtschenko, 1875b: 1. 

MYR: MYRN: ISOI 
Type species: Maracanda amocna McLachlan 
in Fedtschenko, 1875b: 2, monotypy. Incorrect 
type species designation by Navas, 1914v: 757, 
of Myrmeleon imbecillus Stein, 1863: 421. 
++MARACAUDA; Banks, 1901b: 365. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Maracanda. 
MARACANDULA Currie, 1901: 436 

MYR: MYRN: BRAI 
Type species: Myrmeleon pygmaeus Hagen, 
1861: 231, original designation. 
MICROLEON Banks, 1901b: 365. 

Type species: Microleon aplcalls Banks, 
1901b: 365, original designation. A junior hom- 
onym of Microleon Butler, 1885: 121, - Insecta: 
Lepidoptera. The objective replacement name is 
Mimoleon Banks, 1913. Microleon Banks, 1901, 
was considered a synonym of Maracandula by 
Stange, 1970a: 152. 
MIMOLEON Banks, 1913a: 229. 

Type species: Microleon apicalis Banks, 
1901b: 365, original designation (of Microleon 
Banks, 1901). Mimoleon was proposed as the 



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35 



objective replacement name for Microleon 
Banks, 1901. 
++MARACAUDA, misspelling. See Maracanda 

McLachlan in Fedtschenko, 1875. 
MASTEGA Navas, 1914. Sec Brae hynemurus Hagen, 

1888. 
MALILA Navas, 1912c: 96. MYR 

Type species: Maula stigmatus Navas, 1912c: 
96, monotypy. 
MAUROLEO Navas, [1920a] 1919: 286. MYR: MYRN 
Type species: Mauroleo turbidus Navas, 
[1920a] 1919: 286, monotypy. 
++MECISTOPUS, misspelling. See Megistopus Rambur, 

1842. 
MECONEMURLS Navas, 1935b: 51. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Meconemurus sudanicus 
Navas, 1935b: 52, monotypy. 
MEGACMONOTUS New, 1984a: 10. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Suhpalacsa magna McLachlan, 
[1871] 1873: 256 (as "Suhpalasca [sic] magna"), 
original designation. 
++MEGALHOMUS, misspelling. See Megalomus 

{Megalomus) Rambur, 1842. 
MEGALITHONE Riek, 1974: 49. ITH 

Type species: Ileterithone megacerca Till- 
yard, 1919a: 430, original designation. 
■*-+MEGALOMES, misspelling. See Megalomus 

(Megalomus) Rambur, 1842. 
MEGALOMINA Banks, 1909a: 78. HEM 

Type species: Megalomina acuminata Banks, 
1909a: 78, original designation. 
DREPANOMINA Tillyard, 1916a: 302. 

Type species: Drepanomina gibbosa Tillyard, 
1916a: 303, original designation. Drepanomina 
was considered a synonym of Megalomina by 
New, 1988: 368. 
OXYBIELLA Tillyard, 1916a: 305. 

Type species: Oxybiella bridwelli Tillyard, 
1916a: 305, original designation. Oxybiella was 
considered a synonym of Megalomina by New, 
1988: 368. 
++DREPANOMIMA; Zoological Record (Insecta), 
1916: 214. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Drepanomina. 
MEGALOMUS Rambur, 1842: 418. HEM 

Type species: Megalomus tortricoidcs 
Rambur, 1842: 419, subsequent designation by 
Banks, 1905a: 43. Incorrect type species desig- 
nation by Kriiger, 1922c: 170, of Hemerobius 
hirtus Linnaeus, 1761: 382. 
^^MEGALHOMUS; Zoological Record (Insecta), 

1912: 376. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Megalomus. 
PLEOMEGALOMUS Kruger, 1922c: 170. 

Type species: Megalomus pictus Hagen, 
1861: 198 (as "pictus Hag."), original designa- 
tion. Pleomegalomus was considered a synonym 
of Megalomus by Carpenter, 1940: 197. 
+-¥MEGALOMES; Esben-Petersen, 1937: 52. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Megalomus. 
(PIRIONUS) Navas, [1929c] 1928: 113. 

Type species: PIrionus nigratus Navas, 
[1929c] 1928: 114, monotypy. Pirionus was 
considered a subgenus of Megalomus by Gonza- 
lez-Olazo, 1981: 109. Pirionus was originally 
proposed as a full genus in the Hemerobiidae. 
SPINOMEGALOMUS J^akahaTi, 1965: 118. 



Type species: Spinomegalomus flinli 
Nakahara, 1965: 119, original designation. 
Spinomegalomus was considered a synonym of 
Pirionus by Gonzalez-Olazo, 1981: 110. 
++PIRION/US; Gonzalez-Olazo, 1981: 97. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Pirionus. 
MEGAPSYCHOPS Tillyard, 1919b: 771. PSY 

Type species: Psychopsis illidgei Froggatt, 
1903: 455, original designation. 
MEGISTOLEON Navas, 1931b: 63. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Megistoleon fumosus Navas, 
1931b: 64 (as "Megistroleon [sic] fumosus sp. 
nov."), monotypy. 
++MEGISTROLEON; Navas, 1931b: 64. An 
incorrect original spelling. Acting as first 
revisers. Article 24b, we presently select 
Megistoleon as the correct original spelling. 
MIZOLEON Navas, 1936f: 335. 

Type species: Mizoleon leroyanus Navas, 

1936f: 336, monotypy. Mizoleon was considered 

a synonym of Megistoleon by Markl, 1954: 234. 

MEGISTOPUS Rambur, 1842: 410. MYR: MYRN: GLEI 

Type species: Megislopus bisignatus Rambur, 

1842: 411, monotypy. Megistopus bisignatus 

was considered a synonym of Myrmeleon 

flavicornis Rossi, 1790: 16, by H. Aspock, U. 

Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 310. Incorrect type 

species designation by Navas, [1924g] 1923: 61, 

of Myrmeleon flavicornis Rossi, 1790: 16. 

+ +MEGISTROPUS; A. Costa, 1855: 18. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Megistopus. 
++MECISTOPUS; McLachlan, [1867a] 1868: 274. 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of Megistopus. 
++MEG/STROLEON, misspelling. See Megistoleon 

Navas, 1931. 
++MEG1STROPUS, misspelling. See Megistopus 

Rambur, 1842. 
MELAMBROTUS McLachlan, [1871] 1873: 241. 

ASC: HAPN 
Type species: Melambrotus simia 
McLachlan, [1871] 1873: 241, monotypy. 
MELANOPS Doumerc, 1861. See Chrysopa Leach in 

Brewster, 1815. 
MELEOMA Fitch, [1855] 1854: 786. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 
Type species: Meleoma signorelii Fitch, 
[1855] 1854: 786, monotypy. 
MENKELEON Stange, 1970a: 154. MYR: MYRN: BRAI 
Type species: Maracanduia bcllula Banks, 
1905b: 7, original designation. 
MENOPTERYX Kruger, 1922. See Drepanacra Tillyard, 

1916. 
MENUTUS Navas, 1932b: 35. HEM 

Type species: Micromus haltiensis Smith, 
1931: 800, original designation. 
++MEOMICROMUS, misspelling. See Micromus 

Rambur, 1842. 
MESOCHRYSA Navas, 1927. See Nacarina Navas, 1915. 
MESOCHRYSA Navas, 1936. See Chrysemosa Brooks 

and Barnard, 1990. 
MESOHEMEROBIUS Nakahara, 1966. See 

Semohemerobius Yang, 1983. 
MESONEMURUS Navas, [1920a] 1919: 283. 

MYR: MYRN: DISI 
Type species: Mcsoncmurus harterli Navas, 
[1920a] 1919: 284, monotypy. 
LACROIXIA Navas, 1924f: 212. 



36 



OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, No. 147 



Type species: Lacroixia sibirica Navas, 
1924f: 213, monotypy. Lacroixia sibirica was 
considered a synonym of Macronemurus clarus 
McLachlan, 1875b: 7. by Holzel, 1987; 398. 
Lacroixia was considered a synonym of 
Mesonemurus by Holzel, 1987: 393. 
MYRMENEMURUS Navas, 1926e: 45. 

Type species: Myrmenemurus clavatus 
Navas, 1926e: 45, monotypy. Myrmenemurus 
clavatus was considered a synonym of 
Mesonemurus harterti Navas, [1920a] 1919: 284, 
the type species of Mesonemurus Navas, [1920] 
1919, by Holzel, 1987: 398. Myrmenemurus was 
considered a synonym of Mesonemurus by 
Holzel, 1987: 393. 
NEFTA Navas, 1930c: 125. 

Type species: Nefta tunetana Navas, 1930c: 
126, monotypy. Nefta tunetana was considered a 
synonym of Mesonemurus harterti Navas, 
[1920a] 1919: 284, the type species of 
Mesonemurus Navas, [1920] 1919, by Holzel, 
1987: 398. Nefta was considered a synonym of 
Mesonemurus by Holzel, 1987: 393. 
MESOSMYLUS Kruger, 1913: 280. OSM: OSMN 

Type species: Osmylus naevius Navas, 
1912b: 184 (as "naevius Navas"), original desig- 
nation. 
++MESTRENA, misspelling. See Mestressa Navas, 1914. 
MESTRESSA Navas, 1914b: 464. MYR: ACAN 

Type species: Mestressa misera Navas, 
1914b: 465, monotypy. Mestressa misera was 
considered a synonym of Acanthaclisis sub- 
fasciatus Banks, 1913d: 141, by New, 1985c: 67. 
++MESTRENA; Zoological Record (Insecta), 1914: 
271. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Mestressa. 
METACHRYSOPA Steinmann, 1964. See Chrysopa 

Leach in Brewster, 1815. 
++METACONJOPTERYX Kis, 1969. See Coniopteryx 
(Metaconiopteryx) Kis in Kis, Nagler and 
Mandru, 1970. 
METACONIOPTERYX Kis in Kis, Nagler and 
Mandru, 1970. See Coniopteryx 
{M etaconiopteryx) Kis in Kis, Nagler and 
Mandru, 1970. 
METASEMIDALIS Kamy, 1924. See Semidalis 

Enderlein, 1905. 
MICROLEON Banks, 1901. See Maracandula Currie, 

1901. 
++MICROMERUS, misspelling. See Micromus Rambur, 

1842. 
MICROMUS Rambur, 1842: 416. HEM 

Type species: Hemerobius variegatus 
Fabricius, 1793: 85 (as "M. variegatus"), subse- 
quent designation by Banks, 1905a: 44. 
+ +MICROMERUS; Hagen, 1858: 483. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Micromus. 
NESOMICROMUS Perkins, 1899: 37. 

Type species: Nesomicromus vagus Perkins, 
1899: 37, subsequent designation by Zimmer- 
man, 1940: 505. Nesomicromus was considered 
a synonym of Micromus by Tjeder, 1961: 305. 
PSEUDOPSECTRA Perkins, 1899: 46. 

Type species: Pseudopsectra lobipcnnis Per- 
kins, 1899: 46, monotypy. Pseudopsectra was 
considered a synonym of Micromus by Tjeder, 
1961: 305. 



NESOTHAUMA Perkins, 1899: 46. 

Type species: Nesothauma haleakalae Per- 
kins, 1899: 47, monotypy. Nesothauma was con- 
sidered a synonym oi Micromus by Tjeder, 1961: 
305. 
++MICROMYS; Strand, 1908: 154. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Micromus. 
NENUS Navas, 1912b: 199. 

Type species: Nenus longulus Navas, 1912b: 
200, monotypy. Nenus was considered a syn- 
onym of Micromus by Nakahara, 1960: 25. 
++MIEROMUS; Zoological Record (Insecta), 1912: 
377. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Micromus. 
++NEMIS; Banks, 1913a: 217. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Nenus. 
EUMICROMUS Nakahara, 1915a: 36. 

Type species: Micromus numerosus Navas, 
[1910a] 1909: 396, original designation. Eu- 
micromus was considered a synonym of 
Micromus by Carpenter, 1940: 245. 
++EUMICRONUS; Nakahara, 1915a: 37, 39. An 
incorrect original spelling. Acting as first 
revisers. Article 24b, we presently select 
Eumicromus as the correct original spelling. 
PARAMIC ROM US Nakahara, 1919: 137. 

Type species: Eumicromus dissimilis 
Nakahara, 1915a: 43, original designation. 
Paramicromus was considered a synonym of 
Micromus by Tjeder, 1961: 305. 
ARCHAEOMICROM US KriigeT, 1922c: 171. 

Type species: Micromus timidus Hagen, 
1853: 481 (as "timidus Hag."), original designa- 
tion. Archaeomicromus was considered a syn- 
onym oi Nesomicromus by Kimmins, 1936a: 88. 
INDOMICROMUS Kruger, 1922c: 171. 

Type species: Micromus australis Hagen, 
1858: 483 (as "australis Hag."), original designa- 
tion. Hagen originally described australis under 
the generic name ++Micromerus, an incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Micromus Rambur, 1842. 
Indomicromus was considered a synonym of 
Micromus by Tjeder, 1961: 305. 
STENOMICROMUS Kruger, 1922c: 171. 

Type species: Hemerobius paganus Linnaeus, 
1767: 912 (as "paganus L."), original designa- 
tion. Stenomicromus was considered a synonym 
of Micromus by Tjeder, 1961: 305. 
HETEROMICROMUS Kruger, 1922c: 171. 

Type species: Heteromicromus audax 
Kruger, 1922c: 171, original designation. 
Heteromicromus was considered a synonym of 
Micromus by Tjeder, 1961: 305. 
NEOMICROMUS Kruger, 1922c: 154. 

Type species: Micromus tessellatus Gerstaec- 
ker, [1888] 1887: 129 (as "tessellatus Gerst."), 
original designation. Neomicromus (as 
++Meomicromus) was considered a synonym of 
Micromus by Tjeder, 1961: 305. 
++MEOM1CROMUS- Kruger, 1922c: 172. An 
incorrect original spelling. Acting as first 
revisers. Article 24b, we presently select 
Neomicromus as the correct original spelling. 
The spelling Neomicromus was clearly 
Kriiger's intended spelling, having been used 
consistently throughout the text of Kruger 



OSWALD AND PENNY: NEUROPTERA, MEGALOPTERA, AND RAPHIDIOPTERA 



37 



(1922c) except for the prominent misspelling 
on page 172. 

PSEUDOMICROMUS Kriiger, 1922c: 172. 

Type species: Hemerobius angulatus Ste- 
phens, 1836: 106 (as "angulatus Steph."), origi- 
nal designation. Incorrect type species 
designation by the Imperial Bureau of Entomol- 
ogyt [1924] 1922: 359, of Micromus insipidus 
Hagen, 1861: 199. Pseudomicromus was consid- 
ered a synonym of Micromus by Tjeder, 1961: 
305. 

PARAMICROMUS Kriiger, 1922c: 172. 

Type species: Micromus insipidus Hagen, 
1861: 199 (as "insipidus Hag."), original desig- 
nation. Micromus insipidus was considered a 
synonym of Micromus posticus Walker, 1853: 
283, by Carpenter, 1940: 248. A junior hom- 
onym of Paramicromus Nakahara, 1919: 137, - 
Insecta: Neuroptera: Hemerobiidae. The objec- 
tive replacement name is Ameromicromus 
Nakahara, 1960. Paramicromus Kriiger, 1922, 
was considered a synonym of Micromus by Car- 
penter, 1940: 245. 

PHLEBIOMUS Navas, [1923c] 1922: 24. 

Type species: Phlebiomus yunnanus Navas, 
[1923c] 1922: 25, monotypy. Phlebiomus was 
considered a synonym of Paramicromus 
Nakahara, 1919, by Nakahara, 1960: 36. 

TANCA Navas, 1929a: 373. 

Type species: Tanca loriana Navas, 1929a: 
374, monotypy. Tanca was considered a syn- 
onym of Micromus by Tjeder, 1961: 305. 

SPILOMICROMUS Nakahara, 1960: 26. 

Type species: Eumicromus maculatipes 
Nakahara, 1915a: 39, original designation. 
Nakahara originally described maculatipes under 
the generic name +-*-Eumicronus, an incorrect 
original spelling of Eumicromus Nakahara, 1915. 
Spilomicromus was considered a synonym of 
Micromus by Tjeder, 1961: 305. 

ANOMICROMUS Nakahara, 1960: 30. 

Type species: Nesomicromus paradoxus Per- 
kins, 1899: 39 (as "Nesomicromus paradoxa [sic] 
Perkins"), original designation. Anomicromus 
was considered a synonym of Micromus by Tje- 
der, 1961: 305. 

AMEROMICROMUS Nakahara, 1960: 33. 

Type species: Micromus insipidus Hagen, 
1861: 199, original designation (of 
Paramicromus Kriiger, 1922). Micromus insipi- 
dus was considered a synonym of Micromus 
posticus Walker, 1853: 283, by Carpenter, 1940: 
248. Ameromicromus was proposed as the objec- 
tive replacement name for Paramicromus Kriiger, 
1922. Incorrect original type species designation 
by Nakahara, 1960: 33, of Micromus posticus 
Walker, 1853: 283. The type species of a new 
replacement name is fixed automatically as the 
type of the name it replaces. Article 67h. 

AFROMICROMUS Nakahara, 1960: 34. 

Type species: Micromus capensis Esben- 
Petersen, 1920a: 508, original designation. 
Afromicromus was considered a synonym of 
Micromus by Tjeder, 1961: 305. 

AUSTROMICROMUS Nakahara, 1960: 35. 

Type species: Hemerobius tasmaniae Walker, 
1860: 186, original designation. Aus- 



tromicromus was considered a synonym of 

Micromus by Tjeder, 1961: 305. 
■*-+MICROMYS, misspelling. See Micromus Rambur, 

1842. 
MICRONEMURUS Navas, 1926. See Geyria 

Esben-Petersen, 1920. 
++MIEROMUS, misspelling. See Micromus Rambur, 

1842. 
MILLERLEON Stange, 1989: 458. MYR: PALN 

Type species: Myrmeleon subdolus Walker, 

1853: 395, original designation. 
MIMETISPA Handschin. 1961: 276. MAN: MANN 

Type species: Mantispa simulatrix 

McLachlan, 1900: 127, original designation. 
MIMOLEON Banks, 1913. See Maracandula Currie, 

1901. 
MINVA Navas, 1920. See Chrysopa Leach in Brewster, 

1815. 
++MIRMELEON, misspelling. See Myrmeleon Linnaeus, 

1767. 
■*-+MJRMlLEO, misspelling. See Myrmeleon Linnaeus, 

1767. 
MIRONUS Navas, 1913. See Cymothales Gerstaecker, 

[1894] 1893. 
MIXOMICROMUS Ghosh, 1977:235 HEM 

Type species: Mixomicromus lampus Ghosh, 

1977: 235, original designation. 
MIZOLEON Navas, 1936. See Megistoleon Navas, 1931. 
MJOBERGIA Esben-Petersen, 1918: 13. 

MYR: MYRN: PROI 
Type species: Mjobergia fulviguttata Esben- 
Petersen, 1918: 13, monotypy. The original 

spelling of the generic name, Mjobergia, has 

been corrected to Mjobergia, a mandatory change 

under Article 32d(i)(2). 
MOCHUS Navas, 1925f: 206. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Moclius capensis Navas, 1925f: 

207, monotypy. A junior homonym of Mochus 

Distant, 1910: 600, - Insecta: Hemiplera: Pen- 

tatomidae. There is no objective replacement 

name. 
MOLINELLA Navas, 1910. See Drepanicus Blanchard in 

Gay, 1851. 
MONGOLEON Holzel, 1970b: 118. MYR: MYRN: ISOI 
Type species: Mongoleon kaszabi Holzel, 

1970b: 119, original designation. 
+ +MONOPTERYX, misspelling. See Drepanacra 

Tillyard, 1916. 
MONOROBIUS Makarkin, 1985. See Hemerobius 

(Hemerobius) Rambur, 1842. 
++MORA, misspelling. See Brachynemurus Hagen, 1888. 
++MORANDIDA, misspelling. See Moranida Mansell, 

1983. 
MORANIDA Mansell, 1983a: 115. NEM: CRON 

Type species: Moranida peruviensis Mansell, 

1983a: 116, original designation. 
++MORANDIDA; Zoological Record (Insecta, Part 

13 A), 1983: 306. An incorrect subsequent 

spelling of Moranida. 
MOREYUS Navas, 1914. See Myrmeleon Linnaeus, 1767. 
MORTER Navas, 1915. See Myrmeleon Linnaeus, 1767. 
MOSSA Navas, 1911b: 242. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Mossa externa Navas, 1911b: 

243, monotypy. 
MOSSEGA Navas. [1914p] 1913-1914: 248. 

MYR: MYRN: DENI 



38 



OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. No. 147 



Type species: Mossega reticulata Navas, 
[1914p] 1913-1914: 249, monoiypy. Mossega 
reticulata was considered a synonym of 
Glenoleon indecisum Banks, 1913a: 225, by 
New, 1985b: 71. 
MOZA Navas, 1912. See Brachynemurus Hagen, 1888. 
MUCROBEROTHA Tjeder, 1959: 276. BER: RHAN 

Type species: Mucroberotha fasciata Tjeder, 
1959: 277, original designation. 
MUCROPALPUS Rambur, 1842. See Hemerobius 

(Hemerobius) Rambur, 1 842. 
MUSOLA Navas, 1929. See Ceratochrysa Tjeder, 1966. 
MYIODACTYLUS Brauer, 1866a: 989. NYM 

Type species: Myiodactylus osmyloides 
Brauer, 1866a: 991, monotypy. 
+-^MYODACT^YLUS■, Zoological Record (Insecta), 
1884: 276. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Myiodactylus. 
++MYODACTYLUS; Esben-Petersen, 1937: 50. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Myiodactylus. 
++MYODACTIYLUS, misspelling. See Myiodactylus 

Brauer, 1866. 
+ +MYODACTYLUS. misspelling. See Myiodactylus 

Brauer, 1866. 
+ +MYRMECAEFUNIS, misspelling. See Myrmecaelurus 

(Myrmecaelurus) Costa, 1855. 
MYRMECAELURUS Costa, 1855: 10 

MYR: MYRN: MYCI 
Type species: Myrmeleon flavus Rambur, 
1842: 398, subsequent designation by Banks, 
1911b: 6. Myrmeleon flavus was considered a 
synonym of Myrmeleon trigrammus Pallas, 1771: 
469, by H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 
287. Incorrect type species designation by Navas, 
1914v: 753, of Myrmeleon trigrammus Pallas, 
1771:469. 
++MYRMECOELURUS; Zoological Record 

(Insecta), 1919: 202. An incorrect subsequent 
spelling of Myrmecaelurus. 
++MYRMECOLAEURUS; Banks, 1929: 372 

(footnote). An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Myrmecaelurus. 
++MYRMECAEFUNIS\ Vandel, 1965: 183. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Myrmecaelurus. 
(NOIIOVEUS) Navas, 1918e: 169. 

Type species: Myrmeleon lepidus Klug in 
Ehrenberg, [1834] 1829-1845: plate 36 and asso- 
ciated unpaginated letterpress, original designa- 
tion. Nohoveus was considered a subgenus of 
Myrmecaelurus by H. Aspock, U. Aspock and 
Holzel, 1980: 288. 
LOVEUS Navas, 1920e: 29. 

Type species: Myrmeleon punctulatum Ste- 
ven in Fischer von Waldheim, [1822] 1820- 
1822: 210 (as "Myrmeleon punctulatus Stev."), 
original designation. Myrmeleon punctulatum is 
an objective replacement name for the 
Myrmeleon lineatum of Fischer von Waldheim, 
[1822] 1820-1822: 49, which is an incorrect 
identification of Myrmeleon lineatum Fabricius, 
1798: 205. 

Note: Previous authors have assigned a publi- 
cation date of 1846 to M. punctulatum Steven in 
Fischer von Waldheim. This is incorrect. This 
name appeared in the first (not the fourth) vol- 
ume of Fischer von Waldheim's "En- 
lomographia," the text of which appeared in 



1822. H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 
288, noting that M. punctulatum Steven in Fi- 
scher de Waldheim, "1846" was apparently a ju- 
nior primary homonym of M. punctulatus 
Rambur, 1842: 405, replaced the fonner name 
with the new name M. zigan. However, since M. 
punctulatum Steven in Fischer de Waldheim in 
fact has priority over M. punctulatus Rambur, M. 
zigan is an unnecessary replacement name. 
Loveus was considered a synonym of Nohoveus 
by H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 
288. 

++NEHOVEUS; Navas, 1929e: 46. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Nohoveus. 
++MYRMECOELURUS, misspelling. See Myrmecaelurus 

(Myrmecaelurus) Costa, 1855. 
++MYRMECOLAEURUS, misspelling. See 

Myrmecaelurus (Myrmecaelurus) Costa, 1855. 
MYRMECOLEON Berihold, 1827. See Myrmeleon 

Linnaeus, \161. 
++MYRMEKOLEON, misspelling. See Myrmeleon 

Linnaeus, 1767. 
++MYRMELEO, misspelling. See Myrmeleon Linnaeus, 

1767. 
MYRMELEODES Navas, 1912m: 242 

MYR: MYRN: MYRI 
Type species: Myrmeleodes medius Navas, 
1912m: 243, monotypy. 
MYRMELEON Linnaeus, 1767: 913 

MYR: MYRN: MYRI 
Type species: Myrmeleon formicarium 
Linnaeus, 1767: 914 (as "Myrmeleon formacar- 
ium. Fab. [sic]"), subsequent designation by 
Latreille, 1810: 435. See International Commis- 
sion on Zoological Nomenclature (1939, 1945) 
for comments on type species fixed in Latreille, 
1810. Incorrect type species designation by 
Kuwayama, 1962: 388, of Hemerobius 
formicaleo Linnaeus, 1758: 550. 

++MYRMELEO; Pallas, 1771: 469. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Myrmeleon. 

++MIRM1LEO; [Radermacher], 1779: 103. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Myrmeleon. 

MYRMECOLEON Bcnhold, im: 433. An 

unjustified emendation of Myrmeleon Linnaeus, 
1767 (See Neave, [1940] 1939-1940, 3: 247). 
An incorrect original transliteration or 
latinization does not constitute an incorrect 
original spelling. Article 32c(ii), and is 
therefore not justifiable grounds for an 
emendation. 

+-I-MYRMEKOLEON; Gistel, 1848: 139 (1st edition, 
1848, not seen. 2nd edition, 1851, examined). 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Myrmecoleon. 

++ALYRMEBON; Strand, 1908: 154. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Myrmeleon. 

MOREYUS Navas, 1914e: 55. 

Type species: Moreyus braslliensis Navas, 
1914e: 55, monotypy. Moreyus was considered a 
synonym of Myrmeleon by Stange, 1970a: 60. 

MORTER Navas, 19l5e: 466. 

Type species: Myrmeleon hyallnum Olivier, 
1811: 126 (as "M. hyalinus Oliv."), original des- 
ignation. Morter was considered a synonym of 
Myrmeleon by New, 1985a: 10. 



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39 



++MYRMELEONE; Navas, 1915f: 53. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Myrmeleon. 
NESEURUS Navas, 1916d: 53. 

Type species: Myrmeleon alternans Brulle in 
Webb and Berthelot. [1839] 1835-1850: 83, orig- 
inal designation. Neseurus was considered a 
synonym of Morter by H. Aspock, U. Aspock 
and Holzel, 1980: 293. 
MYRMELEONELLUS Eshcn-PclcTsen, 1918: 17. 

Type species: Myrmeleonellus pallidus 
Esben-Petersen, 1918: 18, monotypy. 
Myrmeleonellus was considered a synonym of 
Myrmeleon by New, 1985a: 10. 
LE/TOLfOA^ Esben-Petersen, 1918: 18. 

Type species: Leptoleon regularis Esben- 
Petersen, 1918: 19, monotypy. Leptoleon was 
considered a synonym of Myrmeleon by New, 
1985a: 10. 
++MIRMELEON; Navas, 1923g: 768. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Myrmeleon. 
CROCUS Navas, 1925c: 185. 

Type species: Grocus gerstaeckeri Navas, 
1925c: 185, by the following original designa- 
tion: "El tipo es la siguiente especie. . . . [below] 
52. Grocus Gerstaeckeri sp. nov." Crocus was 
considered a synonym of Morter by H. Aspock, 
U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 293. 
++MYRMELEONE, misspelling. See Myrmeleon 

Linnaeus, 1767. 
MYRMELEONELLUS Esben-Petersen, 1918. See 

Myrmeleon Linnaeus, 1767. 
MYRMENEMURUS Navas, 1926. ^s^& Mesonemurus 

Navas, [1920] 1919. 
++My;?M£5/A'f/5 Rafinesque, 1815: 122. MYR? 

A nomen nudum, having been published be- 
fore 1931 and not accompanied by a description, 
definition or indication. Article 12a. Included 
species: None. 
MYSTROLEON Banks, 1924. See Dimarella {JDimarella) 

Banks, 1913. 
NACARINA Navas, 1915a: 133. 

CHR: CURN: BELI 
Type species: Nacarina furcata Navas, 
1915a: 133, monotypy. 
NADIVA Navas, 1919a: 303. 

Type species: Nadiva pletorica Navas, 1919a: 
304, monotypy. Nadiva was considered a syn- 
onym of Nacarina by Stange, 1967: 40. 
COLIVA Navas, 1920b: 49. 

Type species: Goliva deletangi Navas, 1920b: 
50, monotypy. Goliva was considered a syn- 
onym of Nacarina by Stange, 1967: 40. 
RAMETA Navas, 1920c: 60. 

Type species: Rameta sanguinea Navas, 
1920c: 61, monotypy. Rameta was considered a 
synonym of Nacarina by Stange, 1967: 40. 
MESOCHRYSA Navas, 1927a: 55. 

Type species: Mesochrysa megaptera Navas, 
1927a: 55, monotypy. Mesochrysa Navas, 1927 
was considered a synonym of Nacarina by 
Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 175. 
NACALIRA Navas, 1913c: 280. CHR: APON 

Type species: Apochrysa matsumurae 
Okamoto, 1912: 13 (as "matsumurai [sic] 
Okam."), original designation. 
+-^NAKAURA; Okamoto, 1914: 53. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Nacaura. 



NADAL Navas, 1913. See Pseudoformicaleo Van der 

Weele. 1909. 
NADIVA Navas, 1919. Sec Nacarina Navas, 1915. 
NADUS Navas, 1935b: 43. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Nadus sudanensis Navas, 
1935b: 43, monotypy. 
NAGACTA Navas, 1914d: 366. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Nagacta leplaei Navas, 1914d: 
366, monotypy. 
NAIZEMA Navas, 1919a: 298. BER: BERN 

Type species: Naizema patagonica Navas, 
1919a: 299, monotypy. 
ESPETERA Navas, 1929b: 29. 

Type species: Berotha mendozina Esben- 
Petersen, 1912: 271, original designation. Es- 
petera was considered a synonym of Naizema by 
MacLeod and Adams, 1967: 244. 
++NAKAURA, misspelling. See Nacaura Navas, 1913. 
NALDANUS Navas, [1921] 1919. See Nemoleon Navas, 

1909. 
NALLACHIUS Navas. 1909a: 666. DIL: NALN 

Type species: Dilar prestoni McLachlan, 
1880: 39 (as "Nallachius Prestoni, Mac 
Lachlan"), subsequent designation by Navas, 
1914a: 11. 
NULEMA Navas, 1914a: 12. 

Type species: Nulema championi Navas, 
1914a: 12, monotypy. Nulema was considered a 
synonym of Nallachius by Adams, 1970: 8. 
NEO DILAR Carpenter, 1947: 107. 

Type species: Dilar hermosa Banks, 1913a: 
220, original designation. Neodilar was consid- 
ered a synonym of Nallachius by Adams, 1970: 
8. 
++NAMOPTERA, misspelling. See Nemoptera Latreille, 

1802. 
NAMPISTA Navas, 1914J: 97. MAN: MANN 

Type species: Nampista speciosa Navas, 
1914J: 98, monotypy. Nampista speciosa was 
considered a synonym of Manlispa auriventris 
Guerin-Mcneville, 1838: 1, by H. Aspock, U. 
Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 185. 
FORCIADA Kozhanlshikov, 1949: 355. 

Type species: Forciada relicta 

Kozhantshikov, 1949: 356, monotypy. Forciada 
relicta was considered a synonym of Manlispa 
auriventris Guerin-Meneville, 1838: 1, by H. 
Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 185. 
Forciada was considered a synonym of Nampista 
by H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 185. 
++BUCHARISPA Kozhantshikov, 1949: 355. Name 
unavailable, having been first published as a 
synonym (of Forciada) prior to 1961 and never 
having been made available by having been 
adopted as the valid name of a genus-group 
taxon or treated as a senior homonym. Article 
lie. Kozhantshikov attributed this name to 
"Bianchi, Mariynov, in litt." We have been 
unable to locate any such work. 
NANNOLEON Esben-Petersen, 1928c: 212. 

MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Nannolcon michaelseni Esben- 
Petersen, 1928c: 212, original designation. 
NANOMITUS Navas, 1912c: 93. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Nanomltus sellatus Navas, 
1912c: 94, monotypy. 
NARODONA Navas, 1930a: 20. ITH 



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OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. No. 147 



Type species: Narodona mexicana Navas, 
1930a: 21, monoiypy. Narodona was originally 
placed in the Osmylidae; it was provisionally 
transferred to the Ithonidae by Adams, 1969: 2. 
NASMA Navas, 1930d: 409. MYR: MYRN: DISI 

Type species: Nasma coreana Navas, 1930d: 
410, monotypy. 
NATHANICA Navas, 1913. Sec Nothochrysa McLachlan, 

1868. 
NAVASIUS Esben-Petersen, 1936. See Bankisus Navas, 

1912. 
NAVASOLEON Banks, 1943d: 168. MYR: MYRN: GLEI 
Type species: Gymnocnemia boliviana 
Banks, 1920: 330, original designation. 
NAYA Navas, 1932f: 111. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Naya stigmata Navas, 1932f: 
1 12, monotypy. 
++NEBEJA, misspelling. See Neteja Navas, 1914. 
NEBODA Navas, 1911. See Centroclisis Navas, 1909. 
NECHODETUS Navas, 1926. See Nyutus Navas, 1916. 
-i^+NECROPHlLUS, misspelling. See Necrophylus Roux, 

1833. 
NECROPHYLUS Roux, 1833: 76. NEM: CRON 

Type species: Necrophylus arenarius Roux, 
1833: 76 (as larva), monoiypy. 
++NECROPHILUS: Roux, 1833: 78. An incorrect 
original spelling. The correct original spelling, 
Necrophylus, was fixed by Wheeler, 1929: 313, 
acting as first reviser. Earlier usages of the 
spelling +-¥Necrophilus (e.g., Westwood, 
[1839] 1839-1840: 55) did not fulfill the 
requirements of a first reviser action because 
they did not cite both names and choose one to 
have precedence over the other. Article 24b. 
NECYLA Navas, 1913c: 280. MAN: MANN 

Type species: Necyla exigua Navas, 1913c: 
281 (as "Nicyla [sic] exigua"), monotypy. 
++WCrL/\ Navas, 1913c: 280. An incorrect 

original spelling. Navas stated in the original 
publication that the new generic name was to 
be an anagram of "Ceylan," the type locality of 
the type species. The correct original spelling 
is thus Necyla. 
NED A Navas, 1933. See Brinckochrysa Tjeder, 1966. 
NEDROLEDON Navas, 1914w: 9. MYR: MYRN: GLEI 
Type species: Nedroledon anatolicus Navas, 
1914w: 10, monotypy. 
PTEROLEON Navas, 1932g: 80. 

Type species: Pteroleon longiventris Navas, 
1932g: 80, monotypy. Pteroleon longiventris 
was considered a synonym of Nedroledon an- 
atolicus Navas, 1914w: 10, the type species of 
Nedroledon Navas, 1914, by Holzel, 1972: 65. 
Pteroleon was considered a synonym of 
Nedroledon by Holzel, 1972: 64. 
BANATOLEON Kis, 1964: 263. 

Type species: Banatoleon lineatus Kis, 1964: 
264, original designation. Banatoleon lineatus 
was considered a synonym of Nedroledon an- 
atolicus Navas, 1914w: 10, the type species of 
Nedroledon Navas, 1914, by Holzel, 1972: 65. 
Banatoleon was considered a synonym of 
Nedroledon by H. Aspock, U. Aspock and 
Holzel, 1980: 309. 
NEFASITUS Navas, 1915. See Sympherobius Banks, 

1904. 
NEFEIRUS Navas. 1926c: 103. MYR: MYRN 



Type species: Nefeirus maesi Navas, 1926c: 
104, monotypy. 
NEFTA Navas, 1930. See Mesonemurus Navas, [1920] 

1919. 
NEGLURUS Navas, 1912. See Dendroleon Brauer, 1866. 
NEGRETUS Navas, 1912n: 56. MYR: PALN 

Type species: Negretus ertii Navas, 1912n: 
57, by the following original designation: "Typus 
dieser Gattung ist die hier zu beschreibende Art. 
. . . [below] Negretus Erili sp. n." 
NEGROKUS Navas, 1930f: 420. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Negrokus lebasi Navas, 1930f: 
421, original designation. 
NEGUITUS Navas. 1912g: 94. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Neguitus calcaratus Navas, 
1912g: 95, monotypy. 
NEHORNIUS Navas, 1925g: 29. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Baliga obscurus Navas, 1912o: 
94, original designation (of Hornius Navas, 
1922). Nehornius was proposed as the objective 
replacement name for Hornius Navas, 1922. 
HORNIUS Navas, 1922e: 87. 

Type species: Baliga obscurus Navas, 1912o: 
94, original designation. A junior homonym of 
Hornius Fairmaire, 1885: 61, - Insecta: Col- 
eoptera. The objective replacement name is 
Nehornius Navas, 1925. 
++NEHOVEUS, misspelling. See Myrmecaelurus 

{Nohoveus) Navas, 1918. 
++NELCES, misspelling. See Hagenomyia Banks, 1911. 
NELEBRACHYS Navas. 1915b: 38. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Nelebrachys aequatus Navas, 
1915b: 38, monotypy. 
NELEES Navas, 1911. See Hagenomyia Banks. 1911. 
NELEINUS Navas. 1915c: 382. MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Nelcinus turbatus Navas. 
1915c: 383, monoiypy. 
■¥-\-NELEIS, misspelling. See Hagenomyia Banks. 1911. 
NELEOMA Navas. 1914t: 95. MYR: MYRN: DISI 

Type species: Neleoma striolatum Navas, 
19141: 96, monotypy. 
NELEON Navas, 1915f: 53. MYR: MYRN: MYRI 

Type species: Myrmeleon immaculatum 
DeGeer, 1773: 564 (as "Af. immaculatus De G."), 
original designation. 
NELNEJA Navas, 1936a: 104. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Nelneja guttata Navas, 1936a: 
105, monoiypy. 
NELUS Navas, 1929. See 5o/rer Navas, 1912. 
NEMATOPTERA Burmeisler, 1839. See Nemoptera 

Lalreille, 1802. 
NEMATOPTERYX Agassiz, [1847] 1842-1846. See 

Nemoptera Lalreille, 1802. 
NEMEURA Navas, 1915b: 36. NEM: NEMN 

Type species: Nemeura longstaffi Navas, 
1915b: 36, monotypy. 
NEMEVA Navas, 1915. See Nemopterella Banks, 1910. 
NEMEYUS Navas, 1934c: 502. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Nemeyus sanaanus Navas, 
1934c: 503, monotypy. 
NEMIA Navas, 1915b: 36. NEM: NEMN 

Type species: Nemoptera costalis Westwood, 
1836: Ixxv, original designation. 
++NEM1PISTHA, misspelling. See Nemopistha Navas, 

1910. 
■\-\-NEMIS, misspelling. See Micromus Rambur. 1 842. 
NEMOLEON Navas, 1909b: 147. MYR: MYRN 



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41 



Type species: Myrmeleon notatus Rambur, 
1842: 402, monotypy. Incorrect type species des- 
ignation by Banks, 1911b: 20, of Myrmeleon 
arenarius Navas, 1904b: 24. 

NALDANUS Navas, [1921b] 1919: 67. 

Type species: Creagris latens Navas, 1911b: 
242, original designation. Naldanus was consid- 
ered a synonym of Nemoleon by MarkI, 1954: 
239. 
NEMOPISTHA Navas. 1910e: 379. NEM: NEMN 

Type species: Nemoptera imperatrix West- 
wood, 1867: 507 (as "Nemopistha imperatrix 
Westw."), original designation. 

+-i^NEMOSPISTHA; Navas. 1910e: 380. An incorrect 
original spelling. Acting as first revisers. 
Article 24b, we presently select Nemopistha as 
the correct original spelling. 

++NEMIP1STHA; Zoological Record (Insecta), 

1910: 390. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Nemopistha. 
NEMOPTERA LatreiUe, 1802: 296. NEM: NEMN 

Type species: Panorpa coa Linnaeus. 1758: 
552, monotypy. 

PHYSAPUS Leach in Brewster, 1815a [April]: 137. 
Type species: Panorpa coa Linnaeus, 1758: 
552 (as "Physapus coa"), monotypy. Physapus 
Leach in Brewster, 1815, is a junior objective 
synonym of Nemoptera LatreiUe, 1802, and a ju- 
nior homonym of Physapus Sulzer, 1761: 38, - 
Insecta: Thysanoptera. 

NEMOPTERYX Leach, 1815b [31 December]: 73. 
An unjustified emendation of Nemoptera 
LatreiUe, 1802. An incorrect original 
transliteration or latinization does not 
constitute an incorrect original spelling. Article 
32c(ii), and is therefore not justifiable grounds 
for an emendation. Incorrect type species 
designation by Cowley, 1941: 121. of 
Nemopteryx lusitanica Leach. 1815b: 74. 

Note: Cowley (1941) considered the name 
Nemopteryx to be a proposal of a new genus- 
group name rather than an emendation. It appears 
better, however, to consider Nemopteryx an un- 
justified emendation of Nemoptera, since the 
spelling change is "demonstrably intentional." 
having been adopted by Leach in place of 
Nemoptera which Leach listed in synonymy 
under Nemopteryx, Article 33b(i). Under this in- 
terpretation, if Nemopteryx becomes valid its 
type species would be objectively fixed by Arti- 
cle 33b(iii) as Panorpa coa Linnaeus. 1758. the 
type species of Nemoptera. 

+-^DIPT1TA Leach. 1815b [31 December]: 73. Name 
unavailable, having been first published as a 
synonym {of Nemopteryx) prior to 1961 and 
never having been made available by having 
been adopted as the valid name of a 
genus-group taxon or treated as a senior 
homonym. Article lie. Leach attributed this 
name to "Hoffmansegg MSS." 

NEMATOPTERA Burmeister, 1839: 984. An 

unjustified emendation of Nemoptera LatreiUe, 
1802. An incorrect original transliteration or 
latinization does not constitute an incorrect 
original spelling. Article 32c(ii). and is 
therefore not justifiable grounds for an 
emendation. 



++NAMOPTERA; Burmeister, 1839: 953. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Nemoptera. 
++NEMOPTERIX; Desmarest in d'Orbigny. [1846] 
1849: 611. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Nemopteryx. 
NEMATOPTERYX Agassiz, [1847] 1842-1846: 247. 
An unjustified emendation of Nemoptera 
LatreiUe, 1802. An incorrect original 
transliteration or latinization does not 
constitute an incorrect original spelling. Article 
32c(ii), and is therefore not justifiable grounds 
for an emendation. 
PHYSOPUS Agassiz, [1847] 1842-1846: 290. An 
unjustified emendation of Physapus Leach in 
Brewster. 1815. An incorrect original 
transliteration or latinization does not 
constitute an incorrect original spelling. Article 
32c(ii). and is therefore not justifiable grounds 
for an emendation. 
++NEUROPTERA; Brauer, 1852: 72, 75. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Nemoptera. 

NEMOPTERELLA Banks. 1910a: 390. NEM: NEMN 
Type species: Nemopteryx africana Leach, 
1815b: 74, original designation (of Eretmoptera 
Navas, 1910). Nemopterella was proposed as the 
objective replacement name for Eretmoptera 
Navas, 1910. 
ERETMOPTERA Navas. 1910e: 359. 

Type species: Nemopteryx africana Leach. 
1815b: 74 (as "Eremoptera [sic] africana 
Leach"), original designation. A junior hom- 
onym of Eretmoptera Kellogg, 1900: 82, - In- 
secta: Diptera: Chironomidae. The objective 
replacement name is Nemopterella Banks, 1910. 
++EREMOPTERA; Navas, 1910e: 359. An incorrect 
original spelling. Acting as first revisers. 
Article 24b. we presently select Eretmoptera as 
the correct original spelling. 
NEMEVA Navas, 1915b: 35. 

Type species: Nemopteryx africana Leach. 
1815b: 74, original designation. Nemeva is a ju- 
nior objective synonym of Nemopterella Banks, 
1910. 

++NEMOPTERIX, misspelling. See Nemoptera LatreiUe, 
1802. 

NEMOPTERYX Leach, 1815. See Nemoptera LatreiUe, 
1802. 

++NEMOSPISTHA, misspelling. See Nemopistha Navas, 
1910. 

NEMOTOLUS Banks, 1943. See Ameromyia Banks, 1913. 

NEM UR I US Navas, 1936. See Macronemurus Costa, 
1855. 

NENUS Navas, 1912. See Micromus Rambur, 1842. 

NEOCAMPYLOPHLEBIA Van der Weele, [1909a] 

1908: 78. ASC: HAPN 

Type species: Neocampylophlebia sparsa 
Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 78, original desig- 
nation. 

++NEOCUMACIELLA Handschin, 1960. See 

Paramantispa Williner and Kormilev, 1958. 

NEOCLISIS Navas, 1914. See Centroclisis Navas, 1909. 

NEOCONIS Enderlein, 1930: 112. CON: ALEN 

Type species: llelicoconis pistrix Enderlein, 
1906: 233 (as 'W. pistrix (Ended. 1906)"), origi- 
nal designation. 

NEODILAR Carpenter. 1947. See Nallachius Navas. 
1909. 



42 



OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. No. 147 



NEOHAPLOGLENILIS Penny, [1982b] 1981: 398. 

ASC: HAPN 
Type species: Haploglenius flavicornis 
McLachlan, [1871] 1873: 235, original designa- 
tion. 
NEOLYSMUS Nakahara, 1955. See Lyjmuj Navas, 1911. 
NEOMELAMBROTUS Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 

82. ASC: HAPN 

Type species: Neomelambrotus aurivilliusi 
Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 83, original desig- 
nation. 
NEOMICROMUS Kriiger, 1922. See Micromus Rambur, 

1842. 
NEONALLACHIUS Nakahara, 1963: 77. DIL: DILN 

Type species: Neonallachius annandalei 
Nakahara, 1963: 77, original designation. 
NEOPLECTRON Navas, 1914. See Protoplectron 

Gerstaecker, [1885] 1884. 
NEOSEMIDALIS Enderiein, 1930: 107. CON: CONN 
Type species: Parasemidalis metallica En- 
deriein, 1906: 221 (as "N. metalica (Enderl. 
1906)"), original designation. Parasemidalis 
metallica was considered a synonym of Con- 
iopteryx detrita McLachlan, 1867b: 151, by 
Meinander, 1972a: 175. 
++PERJSEM1DALIS; Riek, 1970: 481. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling and incorrect identification 
of Parasemidalis Enderiein, 1905. 
■¥-i-Perisemidalis was considered synonymous 
with Neosemidalis by Meinander, 1972a: 163. 
(LEUCOSEMIDALIS) Meinander, 1972a: 164. 

Type species: Parasemidalis farinosa Enderi- 
ein, 1906: 222, original designation. 
Leucosemidalis was considered a subgenus of 
Neosemidalis by Meinander, 1972a: 164. 
NEOSUARIUS Adams and Penny. [1987] 1985. See 
Chrysopodes (Neosuarius) Adams and Penny. 
[1987] 1985. 
++NEOSUARUS, misspelling. See Chrysopodes 

(Neosuarius) Adams and Penny, [1987] 1985. 
NEOSYMPHEROBIUS Kimmins, 1929: 187. HEM 

Type species: Neosympherobius cinereus 
Kimmins, 1929: 187, original designation. 
NEPAL Navas, 1909a: 661. DIL: DILN 

Type species: Nepal harmandi Navas, 1909a: 
661, by the following original designation: 
"Tomo por tipo de este genero la especie de Dar- 
jeeling, del museo de Paris. . . . [below] Nepal 
harmandi sp. nov. . . . Patria. Darjeeling en el 
Himalaya ... en el museo de Paris." 
NEPALOCHRYSA Holzel, 1973. See Himalochrysa 

Holzel, 1973. 
++NEPHASITUS, misspelling. See Sympherobius Banks, 

1904. 
NEPIIELASCA Navas, 1914e: 45. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Nephelasca crocea Navas, 
1914e: 46, monotypy. 
++NEPHELASIA; Zoological Record (Insecta). 

1914: 271. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Nephelasca. 
++NEPHELASIA, misspelling. See Nephelasca Navas, 

1914. 
NEPHONEURA McLachlan, [1871] 1873: 269. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Ascalaphus capensis Fabricius, 
1781: 400, subsequent designation by 
McLachlan, [1873b] 1871: 402. 



GORGYRA Navas. 1900: 95. 

Type species: Ascalaphus capensis Fabricius, 
1781: 400, subsequent designation by Oswald, 
[1989b] 1988: 91. Gorgyra Navas, 1900, is a 
junior objective synonym of Nephoneura 
McLachlan, [1871] 1873, and a junior homonym 
of Gorgyra Holland, 1896: 31, - Insecta: Lepi- 
doptera: Hesperiidae. 
NEPSALUS Navas. [1914p] 1913-1914: 250. 

MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Nepsalus indicus Navas, 
[1914p] 1913-1914: 251, monotypy. 
NERIGA Navas, 1926. See Stiphroneura Gerstaecker, 

[1885] 1884. 
NESBE Navas, 1929d: 320. HEM 

Type species: Nesbe irrebita Navas, 1929d: 
321, monotypy. Note: The original spelling of 
the specific name of the type species, irrebita, 
was altered to irretita by Navas. 1935b: 58. The 
latter spelling is an unjustified emendation of ir- 
rebita since there is no clear evidence within the 
original publication itself of an unintentional 
error (see Articles 32 and 33), regardless of the 
fact that Navas (1935b: 58) states that the in- 
tended spelling was irretita. 
NESEURUS Navas, 1916. See Myrmeleon Linnaeus, 

1767. 
NESOBIELLA Kimmins, 1935b: 618. HEM 

Type species: Megalomus hospes Perkins, 
1899: 36, original designation. 
NESOCHRYSA Navas, 1910g: 53. CHR: CHRN: BELI 
Type species: Nesochrysa grandidieri Navas, 
1910g: 53, monotypy. 
OVIEDUS Navas, [1913h] 1912-1913: 326. 

Type species: Oviedus auricollis Navas, 
[1913h] 1912-1913: 326, monotypy. Oviedus 
auricollis was considered a synonym of 
Leucochrysa macrosligma Gerstaecker, [1894] 
1893: 157, by Tjeder, 1966: 323. Oviedus was 
considered a synonym of Nesochrysa Navas, 
1910, by Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 177. 
MADACHRYSA Navas, [1934a] 1933: 62. 

Type species: Madachrysa seyrigi Navas, 
[1934a] 1933: 62, monotypy. Madachrysa was 
considered a synonym of Nesochrysa Navas, 
1910, by Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 177. 
NESOCHRYSA Fraser, 1951. See Chrysacanthia Lacroix, 

1923. 
NESOLEON Banks, 1909b: 4. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Nesoleon braunsi Banks. 
1909b: 4, monotypy. 
PERINGUS Navas, 1934c: 500. 

Type species: Myrmeleon boschimanus 
Peringuey, 1910: 443, original designation. 
Peringus was considered a synonym of Nesoleon 
by Markl, 1954: 229. 
NESOMICROMUS Perkins, 1899. See Micromus 

Rambur, 1842. 
NESOTHAUMA Perkins, 1899. See MJcromi« Rambur, 

1842. 
NESPRA Navas, 1914. See Varnia Walker, 1860. 
++NESTIUS, misspelling. Sec Nicarinus Navas, [1914] 

1913-1914. 
NESYDRION Gerstaecker, [1885a) 1884: 47. NYM 

Type species: Nesydrion fuscum Gerstaecker, 
[1885a] 1884: 48, monotypy. 
NETEJA Navas. 1914u: 96. MYR: MYRN 



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43 



Type species: Neteja sollicita Navas, 1914u: 
97, monotypy. Neteja and its type species N. 
sollicita were also subsequently published as 
new taxa by Navas, 1916a: 228, 229, using the 
identical latin descriptions published by Navas in 
1914. 
++NEBEJA; Neave, [1940] 1939-1940, 3: 275. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Neteja. 
NETETA Navas, 1934d: 10. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Neteta barrosi Navas, 1934d: 
1 1, monotypy. 
NETRONEURUS Banks, 1927. Sec Brae hynemurus 

Hagen, 1888. 
NEULA Navas, 1917b: 280. CHR: CHRN: CEUI 

Type species: Neula mesana Navas, 1917b: 
280, monotypy. 
NEULATUS Navas, 1913b: 108. ASC 

Type species: Glyptobasis porteri Brethes, 
1908: 15 (as larva), monotypy. 
NEUROCOLINUS Navas, 1930g: 42. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Colinus philippinus Navas, 
1925c: 187, monotypy (of Colinus Navas, 1925). 
Neurocolinus was proposed as the objective re- 
placement name for Colinus Navas, 1925. 
COLINUS Navas, 1925c: 187. 

Type species: Colinus philippinus Navas, 
1925c: 187, monotypy. A junior homonym of 
Colinus Goldfuss, 1820: 220, - Aves; Colinus 
Lesson, 1828: 190, - Aves. The objective re- 
placement name is Neurocolinus Navas, 1930. 
NEUROLEON Navas, 1909b: 148. MYR: MYRN: DISI 
Type species: Myrmeleon arenarius Navas, 
1904b: 24 (as "Neuroleon arenarius Nav."), sub- 
sequent designation by Navas, 1914v: 759. 
Myrmeleon arenarius is an objective replacement 
name for the Myrmeleon variegatus of Rambur, 
1842: 400, which is an incorrect determination of 
M. variegatus Klug in Ehrenberg, [1834] 1829- 
1845: plate 35 and associated unpaginated letter- 
press. 
GANUSSA Navas, 19121 [October]: 222. 

Type species: Ganussa leptalea Navas, 19121: 
222, monotypy. Ganussa was considered a syn- 
onym of Neuroleon by H. Aspock, U. Aspock 
and Holzel, 1980: 299. 
BARCEUS Navas, 1914r [May]: 114. 

Type species: Barceus diffusus Navas, 1914r: 
114, monotypy. Barceus was considered a syn- 
onym of Neuroleon by Holzel, 1972: 49. 
MALDONATUS J^awas, [1914p] 1913-1914 [July]: 
247. 

Type species; Maldonatus argutus Navas, 
[1914p] 1913-1914: 247, monotypy. 
Maldonatus was considered a synonym of Neu- 
roleon by Holzel, 1972: 50. 
AFROCLIMACIUS Navas, 1930c: 128. 

Type species: Arroclimacius dumontinus 
Navas, 1930c: 129, monotypy. Afroclimacius was 
considered a synonym of Neuroleon by Holzel, 
1972: 50. 
OL/GOL£0/«/ Esben-Petersen, 1931a: 202. 

Type species: Ollgoleon longlpennis Esben- 

Petersen, 1931a: 202, monotypy. Oligoleon was 

considered a synonym of Neuroleon by Holzel, 

1972: 50. 

NEURONEMA McLachlan, 1869a: 27. HEM 



Type species: Hemerobius decisus Walker, 
1860: 185, monotypy. 

NINGUTA Navas. 1912e: 420. 

Type species: Megalomus deltoides Navas, 
[1910a] 1909: 396, original designation. 
Megalomus deltoides was considered a synonym 
of Hemerobius albostigmata Malsumura, 1907: 
171 (Not seen), by Yang, 1964: 261. A junior 
homonym oi Ninguta Moore, [1892] 1890-1892: 
310, - Insecta: Lepidoptera. The objective re- 
placement name is Ninga Navas, 1913. Ninguta 
Navas, 1912, was considered a synonym of Neu- 
ronema by Kuwayama, 1962: 357. 

NINGA Navas, 1913f: 122. 

Type species; Megalomus deltoides Navas, 
[1910a] 1909: 396, original designation (of 
Ninguta Navas, 1912). Megalomus deltoides was 
considered a synonym of Hemerobius al- 
bostigmata Matsumura, 1907; 171 (Not seen), by 
Kuwayama, 1962; 357. Ninga was proposed as 
the objective replacement name for Ninguta 
Navas, 1912. 

KULINGA Navas, 1936d: 49. 

Type species; Kulinga pielina Navas, 1936d: 
50, monotypy. Kulinga was considered a syn- 
onym of Neuronema by Yang, 1964; 261. 

++NINGUITA; Nakahara, 1966; 203. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Ninguta. 
++NEUROPTERA, misspelling. See Nemoptera Latrcille, 

1802. 
NEUROPTYNX McClendon, 1906. Sec Haploglenius 

Burmeisler, 1839. 
++NEURORTHUS, misspelling. See Nevrorthus Costa, 

1863. 
++NEUROTHUS, misspelling. See Nevrorthus Costa, 

1863. 
NEUSMIA Navas, 1912. See Macronemurus Costa, 1855. 
NEVRORTHUS Costa, 1863; 32. NEV 

Type species; Mucropalpus fallax Rambur, 
1842: 422 (as "Neurorthus [sic] fallax 
(Rambur)"), subsequent designation by 
Nakahara, 1915a: 14. Incorrect type species des- 
ignation by Kruger, 1923; 58, of Nevrorthus ir- 
idipennis Costa, 1863; 33 (as "iridipennis 
Costa"). 

Note; Costa (1863; 32, 33, 65, 80; 1871: 3, 4, 
5) consistently used the spelling Nevrorthus for 
this taxon, and it was clearly his intended origi- 
nal spelling. To my knowledge, all later works, 
with the exception of some nomenclators, have 
used the spelling ++Neurorthus for this name. 
Reestablishment of the original spelling is re- 
quired under Article 32b. 

SARTENA Hagen, 1864; 41. 

Type species; Sartena amaena Hagen, 1864: 
41, monotypy. Sartena amaena (as "5. amoena 
[sic]") was considered a synonym of 
Mucropalpus fallax Rambur, 1842; 422, by H. 
Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 170. 
Sartena was considered a synonym of Nevrorthus 
(as ++Neurorthus) by H. Aspock, U. Aspock and 
Holzel, 1980; 168. 

++NEURORTHUS; Brauer, 1868; 399. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Nevrorthus. 

++NEUROTHUS: Banks, 1918: 13. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Nevrorthus. 



44 



OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, No. 147 



++NUERORTHUS; Nakahara. 1958: 19. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Nevrorthus. 

++NEWOL, misspelling. See Nuvol Navas, 1916. 

NEZUELA Navas, 1934e: 155. MYR: MYRN: MYRI 

Type species: Nezucia geayana Navas, 1934e: 
156, monotypy. 

NICARINUS Navas, [1914p] 1913-1914 [July]: 243. 

MYR: MYRN: DISI 
Type species: Nicarinus basilicus Navas, 
[1914p] 1913-1914: 244, monotypy. Nicarinus 
basilicus was considered a synonym of 
Myrmeleon poecilopterus Stein, 1863: 421, the 
type species of Nisteus Navas, 1914, by H. 
Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 307. Incor- 
rect type species designation by Holzel, 1972: 
59, of Myrmeleon poecilopterus Stein, 1863: 
421. 
NISTEUS Navas, 1914v [31 December]: 765. 

Type species: Myrmeleon poecilopterus 
Stein, 1863: 421, by the following original desig- 
nation: "Nisteus anagrama de Sleinus, en ob- 
sequio Stein, inventor de la especie tipica." 
"Myrmeleon poecilopterus Stein" was apparently 
the only species originally included in Nisteus. 
Incorrect type species designation by Sharp, 
[1916] 1914: 272, of Myrmeleon irroratum Oliv- 
ier, 1811: 126. Nisteus was also subsequently 
published as a new taxon by Navas, 1915g: 634 
and 1916e: 83, using the identical latin descrip- 
tion. See also note under ++Nestius below. 
Nisteus was considered a synonym of Nicarinus 
by H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 306. 
++NESTIUS; Navas, 1914o [31 December): 44. 
Presumed to be an incorrect subsequent 
spelling of Nisteus. 

Note: Examination of Navas' papers 1914o 
and 1914v clearly shows that Nisteus and 
++Nestius are different spellings for the same 
name; however, it has not been possible to deter- 
mine the precedence of these papers. We tenta- 
tively list ++Nestius as an incorrect subsequent 
spelling of Nisteus. That Nisteus was the in- 
tended spelling for this taxon is suggested by its 
use in each of the three publications (1914v, 
1915g and 1916e) in which Navas proposed 
Nisteus as a new genus. ++Nestius is in all prob- 
ability a lapsus for Nisteus. 

NICERUS Navas, 1912b: 136. ASC: HAPN 

Type species: Nicerus gervaisi Navas, 1912b: 
136, monotypy. 

++NICYLA Navas, 1913. See Necyla Navas, 1913. 

NIGROCHRYSOPA Steinmann, 1964. See Chrysopa 
Leach in Brewster, 1815. 

NILCOYA Navas, 19131: 244. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Lincoya dealbatus Navas, 
1911e: 122, monotypy {of Lincoya Navas, 1911). 
Nilcoya was proposed as the objective replace- 
ment name for Lincoya Navas, 1911. Nilcoya 
was also subsequently published as a 'nomen 
novum' by Navas, 1915e: 465. 
LINCOYA Navas, 191 le: 121. 

Type species: Lincoya dealbatus Navas, 
191 le: 122, monotypy. A junior homonym of 
Lincoya Kirby, 1871: 649, - Insecta: Lepidop- 
tera. The objective replacement name is Nilcoya 
Navas, 1913. 

NIMA Navas, 1935d: 53. MYR: MYRN 



Type species: Nima somalica Navas, 1935d: 
54, monotypy. 

NIMBOA Navas, 1914f: 39. CON: CONN 

Type species: Nimboa guttulata Navas, 
1914f: 39, monotypy. 

NINA Navas, 1910. See Dielocroce Cowley, 1941. 

NINETA Navas, 1912a: 98. CHR: CHRN: CHRI 

Type species: Ilemerobius flavus Scopoli, 
1763: 270 (as "flava Scop."), original designa- 
tion. 
PARACHRYSA Nakahara, 1915b: 121. 

Type species: Nothochrysa olivacea Gerstaec- 
ker, [1894] 1893: 166, original designation. 
Nothochrysa olivacea was considered a synonym 
of Chrysopa vittata Wesmael, 1841: 211, by H. 
Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 240. 
Parachrysa was considered a synonym of Nineta 
by H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 238. 

NINGA Navas, 1913. See Neuronema McLachlan, 1869. 

++NINGUITA, misspelling. See Neuronema McLachlan, 
1869. 

NINGUTA Navas, 1912. See Neuronema McLachlan, 
1869. 

NIPHADICERA Withycombe, 1925. See Heteroconis 
(Heteroconis) Enderlein, 1905. 

NIPHAS Enderlein, 1908. See Semidalis Enderlein, 1905. 

NIPHETIA Enderlein, 1930. See Semidalis Enderlein, 
1905. 

NIPPONEURORTHllS Nakahara, 1958: 25. NEV 

Type species: Nipponeurorthus pallidinervis 
Nakahara, 1958: 25, original designation. 

NIREMBERGE Navas, 1909. See Sympherobius Banks. 
1904. 

NISTEUS Navas, 1914. See Nicarinus Navas, [1914] 
1913-1914. 

NIVELLA Navas, 1930d: 413. MAN: MANN 

Type species: Nivella rubella Navas, 1930d: 
414, monotypy. Lambkin, 1986b: 55, lists 
Nivella rubella, the only species included in 
Nivella, as a nomen dubium, its type(s) presumed 
destroyed in the Hamburg Museum on 30 July 
1943. 

NOALEON Holzel, 1972: 64. MYR: MYRN: GLEI 

Type species: Neuroleon limbatellus Navas, 
1913k: 451, original designation. 

NGBILINLIS Navas, [1913h] 1912-1913: 295. 

CHR: A PON 
Type species: Nobilinus insignitus Navas, 
[1913h] 1912-1913: 296, by the foUowing origi- 
nal designation: "Le type est I'espece ci-dessous. 
. . . [Below] 6. Nobilinus insignitus . . ." 

NOBRA Navas, 1915. See Dimarella {Dimarella) Banks, 
1913. 

NOBREGA Navas. 1914. See Climaciella Enderlein. 
1910. 

NOCALDRIA Navas, 1916. See Delfimeus Navas, 1912. 

NODALLA Navas, 1926a: 205. BER: BERN 

Type species: Nodalla aegyptiaca Navas, 
1926a: 206, original designation. 

NODITA Navas, 1916. Sec Leucochrysa (Nodita) 
Navas, 1916. 

NODOCHRYSA Banks, 1938b: 226. CHR: CHRN: BELI 
Type species: Chrysopa necrota Banks, 1920: 
336, monotypy. Nodochrysa was originally pro- 
posed as a subgenus of Chrysopa Leach in Brew- 
ster, 1815. 



OSWALD AND PENNY: NEUROPTERA. MEGALOPTER A. AND RAPHIDIOPTERA 



45 



NOIIOVEUS Navas, 1918. Sec Myrmecaelurus 

(Nohoveus) Navas, 1918. 
++NOHTOCHRYSA, misspelling. See Nothochrysa 

McLachlan, 1868. 
NOIUS Navas, 1929e: 51. HEM 

Type species: Noius oceanicus Navas, 1929e: 
51, monotypy. 
++NOJUS; Gepp in Gepp, Aspock and Holzel, 

1984: 213. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Noius. 
++NO/(/5, misspelling. See Noius Navas, 1929. 
NOLIMA Navas. 1914J: 100. MAN: CALN 

Type species: Nolima victor Navas, 1914j: 
101, by the following original designation: "Tipo 
es la especie siquient. [Next line.] 26. Nolima 
victor sp. nov." 
BELLARMINUS Navas, 1914J: 102. 

Type species: Bellarminus pugnax Navas, 
1914J: 103, monotypy. Bellarminus was consid- 
ered a synonym of Nolima by Penny, 1982a: 213. 
++NOMEROBIUM, misspelling. See Nomerobius Navas, 

1915. 
NOMEROBIUS Navas, 1915a: 130. HEM 

Type species: Megalomus psychodoides 
Blanchard in Gay, 1851: 127 (as "Nomerobius 
psychodoides Blanch."), monotypy. 
++NOMEROBIUM; Ward et al., 1977: 61. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Nomerobius. 
NOMES Navas, 1914q: 234. MYR: MYRN: DENI 

Type species: Nomes lorianus Navas, 1914q: 
234, monotypy. 
NOPHIS Navas. 1912b: 181. MYR: MYRN: MYCI 

Type species: Nophis teillardi Navas, 1912b: 
182, monotypy. 
NOPIA Navas, 1910. See Sisyra Burmeister, 1839. 
NORA Navas, 1912. See Phanoclisis Banks, 1913. 
NORFOLIUS Navas, 1922a: 394. NYM 

Type species: Myiodactylus howensis Till- 
yard, 1917: 542, original designation. 
NOSA Navas, 1911b: 239. MYR: PALN 

Type species: Nosa leonina Navas, 1911b: 
239, monotypy. 
NOSYBUS Navas, 1910b: 79. BER: NOSN 

Type species: Nosybus nobilis Navas, 1910b: 
79. monotypy. 
NOTHANCYLA Navas. 1910g: 51. CHR: APON 

Type species: Nothancyla verreauxi Navas, 
1910g: 52. monotypy. 
NOTHEROBIUS New. 1988: 358. HEM 

Type species: Notherobius nothofagi New. 
1988: 359. original designation. 
NOTHOCHRYSA McLachlan. 1868: 195. CHR: NOTN 
Type species: Chrysopa fulviceps Stephens. 
1836: 101. subsequent designation by Banks. 
1903b: 142. Incorrect type species designation 
by Navas. [1924g] 1923: 179, of Hemerobius 
italicus Rossi, 1790: 12 (as "Chrysopa ilalica 
Rossi"). 
++NOTOCHRYSA; Smith, [1900] 1899: 55. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Nothochrysa. 
■*-+NOTHOCHRYSOPA; Matsumura. 1907: 170 (Not 
seen). An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Nothochrysa. 
NATHANICA Navas, 1913J: 180. 

Type species: Hemerobius capitatus 
Fabricius, 1793: 82 (as "N. capitata F."), original 



designation. Nathanica was considered a syn- 
onym of Nothochrysa by Kuwayama, 1962: 374. 
++NOHTOCHRYSA; Navas, 1913a: 11. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Nothochrysa. 
^^NOTHOCHRYSOPA, misspelling. See Nothochrysa 

McLachlan, 1868. 
++NOTHOPSYCHOPS, misspelling. See Zygophlebius 

Navas, 1910. 
NOTIOBIELLA Banks, 1909a: 80. HEM 

Type species: Notiobiella unita Banks, 1909a: 
80, original designation. 
++NOTOBIELLA; Zoological Record (Insecta), 

1910: 390. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Notiobiella. 
VAJA Navas, 1925c: 192. 

Type species: Vaja tumida Navas, 1925c: 
192, monotypy. Vaja was considered a synonym 
of Notiobiella by Banks, 1932: 105. 
BUXTONIA Esben-Petersen, 1928a: 93. 

Type species: Buxtonia fulva Esben-Petersen, 
1928a: 94, original designation. A junior hom- 
onym of Buxtonia Thomas, 1914: 259, - 
Brachiopoda (fossil). There is no objective re- 
placement name. Buxtonia Esben-Petersen, 
1928, was considered a synonym of Notiobiella 
by Banks, 1932: 105. 
GANCHETUS Navas, 1929f: 21. 

Type species: Ganciietus africanus Navas, 
1929f: 22. monotypy. Ganchetus was considered 
a synonym of Notiobiella by Banks, 1932: 105. 
++NOTOBIELLA, misspelling. Sec Notiobiella Banks, 

1909. 
++NOTOCHRYSA, misspelling. See Nothochrysa 

McLachlan, 1868. 
NOTOPSYCHOPS Tillyard, 1919. See Zygophlebius 

Navas, 1910. 
NOUES Navas, 1919. Sec Layahima Navas, 1912. 
NOUSERA Navas, 1923a: 5. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Nousera gibba Navas, 1923a: 
5, monotypy. 
NOVULGA Navas, 1925. See Eremoleon Banks, 1901. 
++NUERORTHUS, misspelling. See Nevrorthus Costa, 

1863. 
NUGLERUS Navas, 1912m: 245. MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Nuglerus scalaris Navas, 
1912m: 246. monotypy. 
BOFIA Navas, 1915c: 383. 

Type species: Bofia maculata Navas, 1915c: 
384, monotypy. Bofia was considered a syn- 
onym of Nuglerus by Stange, 1976: 300. 
NULEMA Navas, 1914. See Nallachius Navas, 1909. 
^^NUSALABA, misspelling. See Nusalala Navas. 1913. 
NUSALALA Navas. 1913g: 74. HEM 

Type species: Nusalala erecta Navas. 1913g: 
75. monotypy. 
HAARUPIELLA Esben-Petersen, 1914b: 263. 

Type species: Haarupiella neotropica Esben- 
Petersen, 1914b: 264. original designation. 
Haarupiella was considered a synonym of 
Nusalala by Kimmins. 1936b: 569. 
++NUSALABA; Zoological Record (Insecta). 1914: 
272. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Nusalala. 
PALAEOMJCROMUS Kriiger. 1922c: 171. 

Type species: Palaeomicromus schmidti 
Kriiger. 1922c: 171. original designation. Pal- 
aeomicromus was considered a probable junior 



46 



OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, No. 147 



subjective synonym of Nusalala by Nakahara, 
1965:115. 
++NUSULALA; Navas, [1929c] 1928: 112. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Nusalala. 
■*-+NUSULALA, misspelling. See Nusalala Navas, 1913. 
NUVOL Navas, 1916b: 24. CHR: CHRN: LEUI 

Type species: Nuvol umbrosus Navas, 1916b: 
25, monotypy. 
++NEWOL; Navas, 1929g: 860. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Nuvol. 
NYMPHES Leach, 1814: 101. NYM 

Type species: Nymphes myrmeleonoides 
Leach, 1814: 102, monotypy. 
++NYMPHIDRION, misspelling. See Nymphydrion 

Banks, 1913. 
NYMPHYDRION Banks, 1913a: 212. NYM 

Type species: Nymphydrion delicatum 
Banks, 1913a: 213, monotypy. 
++NYMPHIDR10N; TiUyard, 1926: 322. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Nymphydrion. 
NYRMA Navas, 1933a: 223. BER: NYRN 

Type species: Nyrma kervillea Navas, 1933a: 
223, monotypy. Nyrma was originally placed in 
the Hemerobiidae; it was transferred to the 
Berothidae by U. Aspock, 1989. 
NYUTUS Navas, 1916d: 54. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Nyutus lombardi Navas, 
1916d: 54, monotypy. 
NECHODETUS Navas, 1926f: 87. 

Type species: Nechodetus inspersus Navas, 
1926f: 87, monotypy. Nechodetus was consid- 
ered a synonym of Nyulus by Markl, 1954: 244. 
OBUS Navas, 1912g: 59. MYR 

Type species: Obus arenosus Navas, 1912g: 
60, monotypy. 
OEDOBIUS Nakahara, 1915. See Drepanepteryx Leach 

in Brewster, 1815. 
OEDOSMYLUS Kriiger, 1913: 106. OSM: STEN 

Type species: Oedosmylus tasmaniensis 
Kriiger, 1913: 106, original designation. Incor- 
rect type species designation by Navas, 1917a: 
14, of Osmylus pallidas McLachlan, 1863: 113. 
++OESTREOSMYLUS, misspelling. See Spilosmylus 

Kolbe, 1897. 
OGCOGASTER Westwood, [1847] 1848: 69. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Ascalaphus (Ogcogaster) tes- 
sellatus Westwood, [1847] 1848: 69, subsequent 
designation by Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 
253. Ogcogaster was originally proposed as a 
subgenus of Ascalaphus Fathhcius, 1775. 
++OGEOGASTER: Friedrich in Bronn, 1953: 96. 

An incorrect subsequent spelling of Ogcogaster. 
++OGEOGASTER , misspelling. See Ogcogaster 

Westwood. [1847] 1848. 
OIIMOPTERYX Kis in Kis, Nagler and Mandru, 1970. 
See Helicoconis {Ohmopteryx) Kis in Kis, 
Nagler and Mandru, 1970. 
OLIARCES Banks, 1908a: 203. ITH 

Type species: Oliarces clara Banks, 1908a: 
203, monotypy. 
OLIGOCHRYSA Esben-Petersen, 1914a: 639. 

CHR: APON 
Type species: Oligochrysa gracilis Esben- 
Petersen, 1914a: 639, original designation. 
Oligochrysa gracilis was considered a synonym 



of Chrysopa lutea Walker, 1853: 272, by 
Kimmins, 1952a: 931. 

OL/GOL£OAf Esben-Petersen, 1931. Sec Neuroleon 
Navas. 1909. 

++OLIVERINA, misspelling. See Olivierina Navas, 1910. 

++OLIVIERANA, misspelling. See Olivierina Navas. 
1910. 

OLIVIERINA Navas, 1910e: 389. NEM: NEMN 

Type species: Nemoptera extensa Olivier. 
1811: 178 (as "extensa Oliv."), original designa- 
tion. Olivierina was originally proposed as a 
subgenus of Kirbynia Navas. 1910. 
++OLIVERINA; Comstock, 1918: 208. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Olivierina. 
+-i-OLIVIERANA; Morton, 1921: 220. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Olivierina. 

++OLOPHTHALMUS Lefebvre, 1842. See Haploglenius 
Burmeister, 1839. 

OMOLEON Navas, 1936a: 110. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Omoleon jeanneli Navas, 
1936a: 110. monotypy. 

ONCLUS Navas. 1912. See Syngenes Kolbe. 1897. 

ORIENTICHOPSIS Kuwayama. 1927. See Psychopsis 
Newman. 1842. 

ORIENTISPA Poivre. 1984: 27. MAN: MANN 

Type species: Cercomantispa shirozui 
Nakahara. 1961: 63 (as "Orientispa shirozui 
(Nakahara. 1961)"), original designation. 

ORLANDISA Navas, [1914] 1913-1914. See 

Chrysopodes (Chrysopodes) Navas. [1913] 
1912-1913. 

++ORLANDSIA, misspelling. See Chrysopodes 

(Chrysopodes) Navas. [1913] 1912-1913. 

ORMISCOCERUS Blanchard in Gay. 1851: 128. HEM? 
Type species: Ormiscocerus nitidipennis 
Blanchard in Gay. 1851: 129, monotypy. 
■^^ORMISMOCERUS; Hagen. 1866a: 454. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Ormiscocerus. 

++ORMISMOCERUS, misspelling. See Ormiscocerus 
Blanchard in Gay. 1851. 

OROLEON Navas. 1927. See Elachyleon 
Esben-Petersen. 1927. 

ORPHNE Lefebvre. 1842. See Ascaloptynx Banks. 1915. 

++ORPHNUS Agassiz, [1844] 1842-1846. See 
Ascaloptynx Banks. 1915. 

++OSMILUS, misspelling. See Osmylus (Osmylus) 
Latreille. 1802. 

++OSMYLINA Walker. 1853: 231. OSM 

Name unavailable in the genus-group, having 
been first published in the genus-group in synon- 
ymy (with Osmylus) prior to 1961 and having 
never been adapted as the valid name of a genus- 
group taxon or treated as a senior homonym in 
the genus-group. Article lie. The name "Os- 
mylina" was used by Schneider. 1851: 35, 36, for 
a taxon in the family group. Walker (1853) incor- 
rectly listed ++Osmylina Schneider in synonymy 
under Osmylus. This constitutes the first use of 
++Osmylina in the genus-group. ++Osmylina has 
been cited in generic synonymy by at least two 
subsequent authors: Nakahara. 1914: 510. and 
Kuwayama. 1962: 341. 

OSMYLINUS Banks. 1913. See Kempynus Navas. 1912. 

OSMYLOPS Banks. 1913a: 214. NYM 

Type species: Myiodactylus placidus 
Gerstaecker. [1885a] 1884: 49, original designa- 
tion. 



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47 



OSMYLUS Latreille, 1802: 289. OSM: OSMN 

Type species: Hemerobius maculatus 

Fabricius, 1787: 247, monotypy. Hemerobius 
maculatus was considered a synonym of 
Hemerobius fulvicephalus Scopoli, 1763: 270, by 
H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 166. 
Incorrect type species designation by Kriiger, 
1913: 38, of Hemerobius chrysops Linnaeus, 
1758: 549 (as "chrysops Linne"). Incorrect type 
species designation by Navas, 1917a: 14, of 
Hemerobius fulvicephalus Scopoli, 1763: 270. 
++OSMYRLUS; Blanchard, 1840: 68. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Osmylus. 
++OSMILUS; Brauer, 1851: 1. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Osmylus. 
HYPOSMYLUS McLachlan, 1870: 200. 

Type species: Osmylus punctipennis Walker, 
1860: 183, monotypy. Hyposmylus was consid- 
ered a synonym of Osmylus by Banks, 1913a: 
215. 
PAROSMYLUS Needham, 1909: 209. 

Type species: Parosmylus prominens Need- 
ham, 1909: 209, monotypy. Parosmylus was 
considered a synonym of Osmylus by Banks, 
1913a: 215. 
DICTYOSMYLUS Navas, 1910c: 189. 

Type species: Dictyosmylus lunatus Navas, 
1910c: 189, monotypy. Dictyosmylus was con- 
sidered a synonym of Osmylus by Banks, 1913a: 
215. 
PLETHOSMYLUS Kruger, 1913: 43. 

Type species: Osmylus hyalinatus 
McLachlan, 1875a: 181, original designation. 
Plethosmylus was considered a synonym of Os- 
mylus (Osmylus) by Makarkin, 1985b: 36. 
++PLETOSMYLUS; Navas, 1928a: 90. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Plethosmylus. 
(PLESIOSMYLUS) Makarkin, 1985b: 41. 

Type species: Osmylus tessellatus 
McLachlan, 1875a: 180, original designation. 
Plesiosmylus was originally proposed as a subge- 
nus of Osmylus Latreille, 1802. 
++OSMYRLUS, misspelling. See Osmylus (Osmylus) 

Latreille, 1802. 
OSTREOSMYLUS Kruger, 1914. See Spilosmylus Kolbe, 

1897. 
OVIEDUS Navas, 1913. See Nesochrysa Navas, 1910. 
OXYBIELLA Tillyard, 1916. See Megalomina Banks, 

1909. 
OYOCIIRYSA Brooks, [1985] 1984: 80. 

CHR: CHRN: BELI 
Type species: Oyochrysa ancora Brooks, 
[1985] 1984: 81, original designation. 
PACHYLEON Stange, 1970. Sec Dimarella 

(Pachyleon) Stange, 1970. 
PALAEOMICROMUS Kruger, 1922. See Nusalala Navas, 

1913. 
PALMIPENNA Tjeder, 1967a: 413. NEM: NEMN 

Type species: Palmipenna palmulata Tjeder, 
1967a: 417, original designation. 
PALMOBIUS Needham, 1905. See Sympherobius Banks, 

1904. 
PALPARELLUS Navas, 1912. See Palpares Rambur, 

1842. 
PALPARES Rambur, 1842: 365. MYR: PALN 



Type species: Hemerobius libelloldes 

Linnaeus, 1764: 401 (as "P. libelluloides [sic]"), 
subsequent designation by Hagen, 1873: 390. 
++PALPURES; Kirby in Johnston, 1902: 469. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Palpares. 
PALPARELLUS Navas, 1912m: 225. 

Type species: Palpares spectrum Rambur, 
1842: 376 (as "spectrum Ramb."), original desig- 
nation. Palparellus was considered a synonym 
of Palpares by Markl, 1954: 215. 
++PARPARELLUS\ Navas, 1913d: 89. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Palparellus. 
PALPARIDILIS Peringuey, 1910: 440. MYR: PALN 

Type species: Type species not yet fixed. Ap- 
parently still without a valid type species selec- 
tion. Originally included species: Palparidius 
capicola Peringuey, 1910: 441, and Palparidius 
concinnus Peringuey, 1910: 441. Incorrect type 
species designation by Navas, 1912m; 228, of 
Palparidius festivus Navas, 1912m: 228, a name 
not originally included in Palparidius and not 
linked by Navas with one of the originally in- 
cluded names. 
++PALPURES, misspelling. See Palpares Rambur, 1842. 
PAMEMA Navas, 1913e: 483. MYR: PALN 

Type species: Myrmeleon translatus Walker, 
1853: 398, original designation. Pamema was 
considered a synonym of Pamexis by Markl, 
1954: 216. This synonymy cannot be confirmed 
until a valid type species designation has been 
made for Pamexis. The taxonomic status of 
Pamema should be reevaluated after the type spe- 
cies of Pamexis has been fixed. 
+-^PANEMA\ Zoological Record (Insecta), 1913: 
397. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Pamema. 
PAMEXIS Hagen, 1866a: 372, 457. MYR: PALN 

Type species: Type species not yet fixed. Ap- 
parently still without a valid type species selec- 
tion. Originally included species: Myrmecoleon 
conspurcatus Burmeister, 1839: 997, 
Myrmecoleon contaminatus Burmeister, 1839: 
995, and Myrmeleon luteum Thunberg, 1784: 78. 
PAMOCIIRYSA Tjeder, 1966: 248. CHR: NOTN 

Type species: Pamochrysa stellata Tjeder, 
1966: 250, original designation. 
PAMPOCONIS Meinander, 1972a: 157. CON: ALEN 
Type species: Pampoconis latlpennls Meinan- 
der, 1972a: 159, original designation. 
++PANEMA, misspelling. See Pamema Navas, 1913. 
PANTHERLEON Yang, 1986: 424. MYR 

Type species: Pantherleon longicrurls Yang, 
1986: 424, monotypy. 
PARACHRYSA Nakahara, 1915. See Nineta Navas, 1912. 
PARACHRYSOPA Semeria, 1983. See Chrysopa Leach 

in Brewster, 1815. 
PARACIIRYSOPIELLA Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 

229. CHR: CHRN: CHRI 

Type species: Eremochrysa argentlna Banks, 
1910b: 154, original designation. 
PARACONIS Meinander, 1972a: 112. CON: ALEN 

Type species: Paraconis borneoensls Meinan- 
der, 1972a: 114, original designation. 
PARAGLENURUS Van der Weele, 1909b: 29. 

MYR: MYRN 



48 



Type species: Myrmeleon scopifer Gerstaec- 
ker, [1888] 1887: 110 (as "P. scopifer (Gerst.)"), 
original designation. 
PARAHELICOCONIS Kis in Kis, Nagler and Mandni, 

1970. See Helicoconis (Fontenellea) Carpentier 
and Lestage, [1928] 1927-1928. 
PARAMANTISPA Williner and KonnUev, 1958: 10. 

MAN: MANN 
Type species: Mantispa decorata Erichson, 
1839: 163, original designation. Mantispa 
decorata was considered a synonym of Mantispa 
ambusta Erichson, 1839: 162, by Williner and 
Mariluis, [1979] 1978: 40. 
++NEOCUMACIELLA Handschin, 1960a: 208, 243. 
A nomen nudem, having been proposed after 
1930 and not accompanied by fixation of the 
type species by designation or indication. 
Article 13b. Included species: none. 
++Neoclimaciella was considered synonymous 
with Paramantispa by Handschin, 1960b: 537. 
PARAMICROMUS Nakahara. 1919. See Micromus 

Rambur, 1842. 
PARAMICROMUS Kruger, 1922. See Micromus Rambur, 

1842. 
PARANKYLOPTERYX Tjeder, 1966: 508. 

CHR: CHRN: ANKI 
Type species: Ankylopleryx neavei Navas, 
1913d: 93 (as "Ancylopteryx [sic] neavei"), orig- 
inal designation. P arankylopteryx was originally 
proposed as a subgenus of Ankylopleryx Brauer, 
1864. It was considered a valid genus by Brooks 
and Barnard, 1990: 157. 
PARANTHACLISIS Banks, 1907b: 275. MYR: ACAN 
Type species: Acanthaclisis congener Hagen, 
1861: 224 (as "P. congener (Hagen)"), subse- 
quent designation by Banks, 1927: 80. 
PARAPALPARES Insom and Carfi, [1989a] 1988: 76. 

MYR: PALN 
Type species: Palpares latipennis Rambur, 
1842: 374, original designation. Parapalpares 
was also described, and incorrectly indicated as a 
new genus, by Insom and Carfi, [1989b] 1988: 
85. 
PARASCALAPHUS Alexandrov-Martynov, 1926: 200. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Parascalaphus oreobius Al- 
exandrov-Martynov, 1926: 200, monotypy. 
PARASEMIDALIS Enderlein, 1905c: 197. CON: CONN 
Type species: Parasemidalis annae Enderl- 
ein, 1905c: 198, monotypy. Parasemidalis 
annae was considered a synonym of Coniopteryx 
fuscipennis Reuter, 1894: 13, by Meinander, 
1972a: 281. 
PARASEMIDALIS Roepke. 1916. See Semidalis 

Enderlein, 1905. 
PARASICYOPTERA Tjeder, 1974b: 294. NEM: NEMN 
Type species: Parasicyoptera guichardi Tje- 
der, 1974b: 296, original designation. 
PARASUPHALOMITUS New, 1984a: 35. ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Parasuphalomitus macinnesi 
New, 1984a: 35, original designation. 
PAROSMYLUS Needham, 1909. See Osmylus (Osmylus) 

Latreille, 1802. 
++PAROSMYLUS, misspelling. See Paryphosmylus 

Kruger, 1913. 
++PARPARELLUS, misspelling. See Palpares Rambur. 
1842. 



PARVOLEON New, 1985b: 76. MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Parvoleon minimus New, 
1985b: 77, original designation. 
PARYPHOSMYLUS Kruger. 1913: 33. OSM: PRON 

Type species: Paryphosmylus ornatus 
Kruger, 1913: 33, original designation. 
++PAROSMYHJS; Zoological Record (Insecta), 

1913: 397. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Paryphosmylus. 
PASTRANAIA Orfila, [1955] 1954: 30. NEM: CRON 
Type species: Pastranaia riojana Orfila, 
[1955] 1954: 31, original designation. 
PAULIANELLA Handschin, 1960a: 210. MAN: MANN 
Type species: Climaciella necopina Navas, 
[1936b] 1935: 102, original designation. 
PERICLYSTUS Gerstaecker. [1888] 1887: 103. 

MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Periclystus laceratus Gerstaec- 
ker, [1888] 1887: 105, subsequent designation by 
Esben-Pelersen, 1915: 68. Incorrect type species 
designation by Banks, 1941: 3, oi Periclystus 
callipeplus GcTstaccket, [1888] 1887: 107. 
■^■■^PERYCLYSTUS; Stange, 1976: 307. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Periclystus. 
PERINGUS Navas, 1934. See Nesoleon Banks, 1909. 
++PERISEMIDALIS, misspelling. See Neosemidalis 

{Neosemidalis) Enderlein, 1930. 
PERLAMANTISPA Handschin, 1960a: 191 

MAN: MANN 
Type species: Mantis peria Pallas, 1772: 14 
(as "Mantispa perla"), original designation. 
++PERYCLYSTUS, misspelling. See Periclystus 

Gerstaecker, [1888] 1887. 
PEYERIMHOFFINA Lacroix, 1920: 83. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 
Type species: Peyerimhoffina pudica 
Lacroix, 1920: 84, monotypy. 
TJEDERINA Holzel, 1970a: 48. 

Type species: Chrysopa gracilis Schneider, 
1851: 72, original designation. Tjederina was 
considered a synonym of Peyerimhoffina by 
Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 231. 
PHALASCUSA Kolbe, 1897: 31. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Phalascusa hildebrandti 
Kolbe, 1897: 31, monotypy. 
PHANOCLISIS Banks, 1913c: 150. MYR: ACAN 

Type species: Acanthaclisis longicollis 
Rambur, 1842: 381, original designation (of 
Nora Navas, 1912). Phanoclisis was proposed as 
the objective replacement name for Nora Navas, 
1912. 
NORA Navas, 1912g: 46. 

Type species: Acanthaclisis longicollis 
Rambur, 1842: 381 (as "longicollis Ramb."). 
original designation. A junior homonym of Nora 
Niceville, 1893: 44, - Insecta: Lepidoptera: 
Nymphalidae. The objective replacement name is 
Phanoclisis Banks, 1913. 
PHANOLEON Banks, 1931c: 387. MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Phanoleon bicostatus Banks, 
1931c: 387, monotypy. 
PHLEBIOMUS Nivis, [1923] 1922. Sec Micromus 

Rambur, 1842. 
PHLEBONEMA Kruger. 1922. See Drepanepteryx Leach 

in Brewster, 1815. 
PHLEBOSMYLUS Navas, 1928a: 94. OSM: OSMN 



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49 



Type species: Phlebosmylus tancrei Navas, 
1928a: 95, monotypy. 

PHYMATOSMYLUS Adams, 1969: 3. OSM: STEN 

Type species: Phymatosmylus caprorum 
Adams, 1969: 5, original designation. 

PHYSAPUS Leach in Brewster, 1815. See Nemoptera 
Lalreille, 1802. 

PHYSOPUS Agassiz, [1847] 1842-1846. Sec Nemoptera 
Latreille, 1802. 

PHYURUS Navas, 1900. See Bubopsis McLachlan. 1898. 

PICTACSA New, 1984a: 40. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Pictacsa trimaculata New, 
1984a: 41, original designation. 

PIGNATELLUS Navas, 1914. See Delfimeus Navas, 
1912. 

PILACMONOTUS New, 1984a: 9. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Ascalaphus sabulosus Walker, 
1853: 427, original designation. 

++P/Lf/WNt/S Rafinesque, 1815: 122. ??? 

A nomen nudum, having been published be- 
fore 1931 and not accompanied by a description, 
definition or indication. Article 12a. Included 
species: None. Name attributed by Neave, [1940] 
1939-1975, 3: 762, to the order Neuroptera. 

PIMACHRYSA Adams, [1957a] 1956: 67. CHR: NOTN 
Type species: Pimachrysa grata Adams, 
[1957a] 1956: 68, original designation. 

++PIRIONIUS, misspelling. See Megalomus {Pirionus) 
Navas, [1929] 1928. 

PIRIONUS Navas, [1929] 1928. See Megalomus 
(Pirionus) Navas, [1929] 1928. 

PLATER Navas. 1919. See Lemolemus Navas, 1911. 

PLATYLEON Esben-Petersen, 1923: 578. 

MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Platyleon froggatti Esben- 
Petersen, 1923: 578, original designation. 

PLATYMANTISPA Rehn, 1939. See Anchieta Navas, 
1909. 

PLATYSTOECHOTES Carpenter, 1940: 270. POL 

Type species: Piatystoechotes lineatus Car- 
penter, 1940: 271, monotypy. 

PLEGA Navas, [1928b] 1927: 326. MAN: SYMN 

Type species: Symphrasis signata Hagen, 
1877: 208, original designation. 

PLEOMEGALOMUS Kruger, 1922. See Megalomus 
(Megalomus) Rambur, 1842. 

PLESIOCHRYSA Adams. 1982b: 28. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 
Type species: Chrysopa brasiliensis Schnei- 
der, 1851: 83, original designation. Plesiochrysa 
was originally proposed as a subgenus of 
Chrysopa Leach in Brewster, 1815. It was con- 
sidered a valid genus by Brooks and Barnard 
1990: 232. 

PLESIOSMYLUS Makarkin, 1985. See Osmylus 
(Plesiosmylus) Makarkin, 1985. 

PLETHOSMYLUS Kruger, 1913. See Osmylus {Osmylus) 
Latreille, 1802. 

++PLETOSMYLUS, misspelling. See Osmylus (Osmylus) 
Lalreille, 1802. 

PODALLEA Navas, 1936a: 122. BER: BERN 

Type species: Podallea seriata Navas, 1936a: 
123, monotypy. 

POLANCUS Navas, 1914. See Cueta Navas, 1911. 

POLYPHLEBA Navas, 1936. See Chrysopa Leach in 
Brewster, 1815. 



++POLYPHLEBIA, misspelling. See Chrysopa Leach in 

Brewster, 1815. 
++POLYSTAECHOTES, misspelling. See Polystoechotes 

Burmeister, 1839. 
++POLYSTOCHOTES, misspelling. See Polystoechotes 

Burmeister, 1839. 
POLYSTOECHOTES Burmeister, 1839: 982. POL 

Type species: Polystoechotes sticticus 
Burmeister, 1839: 982. monotypy. Poly- 
stoechotes sticticus (as P. strictus [sic]) was con- 
sidered a synonym of Semblis punctata Fabricius. 
1793: 73. by Carpenter, 1940: 268. Incorrect 
type species designation by Banks, 1905a: 28, of 
Semblis punctata Fabricius, 1793: 73. 
++POLYSTAECHOTES; Doumerc, 1861: 192. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Polystoechotes. 
++POLYSTOCHOTES; Banks. 1892: 359. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Polystoechotes. 
PORISMLIS McLachlan. [1867a] 1868: 266.0SM: PORN 
Type species: Osmylus strigatus Burmeister, 
1839: 984. monotypy. 
PORRERUS Navas. 1913m: 14. MYR: MYRN: PORI 
Type species: Porrerus famelicus Navas, 
1913m: 15. monotypy. 
GRAPA Navas. 1932h: 55. 

Type species: Grapa dealbata Navas, 1932h: 
55, monotypy. Grapa was considered a synonym 
of Porrerus by Stange, 1970a: 61. 
PORTER Navas, 1924. See Gayomyia Banks, 1913. 
PROCHRYSOPA Tjeder, 1936. See Suarius Navas, 1914. 
PROCTARRELABIS Lefebvre, 1842: 6. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Ascalaphus annulicornis 
Burmeister, 1839: 1001, subsequent designation 
by Navas, 1913b: 100-101, who designated 
Myrmeleon capense Thunberg, 1784: 78 (as "Pr. 
capensis Thunb.") [not Ascalaphus capensis 
Fabricius, 1781], a name not originally included 
in Proctarrelabis, but at the same lime placed M. 
capense as a synonym of the originally included 
name A. annulicornis. Article 69a (v). Ascalaphus 
annulicornis was considered a synonym of 
Myrmeleon capense Thunberg, 1784: 78. by Van 
der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 215. 

Note: Though it is clear from the text of Van 
der Weele. [1909a] 1908: 214, that he accepted 
A. annulicornis as the type species of Pro- 
ctarrelabis, this species was not stated expressly 
to be its type species. Consequently, this refer- 
ence cannot be considered a designation under 
Article 69a(iv). 
-i^+PROCTARRELABRlS; McLachlan, [1871] 1873: 
219. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Proctarrelabis. 
++PROCTARRELABRIS, misspelling. See Proctarrelabis 

Lefebvre, 1842. 
PROTACHERON Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 225. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Ilelicomltus phllipplnensis 
Van der Weele, 1904: 206, monotypy. 
PROTIDRICERUS Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 61. 

ASC: HAPN 
Type species: Idrlcerus exilis McLachlan, 
1894a: 424, original designation. 
PROTMESIBASIS Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 83. 

ASC: HAPN 



50 



Type species: Protmesibasis yerberyi Van 
der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 84, monotypy. 
PROTOBIELLA TiUyard, 1923: 218. BER: BERN? 

Type species: Protobiella zelandica Tillyard, 
1923: 219, original designation. 
PROTOBUBOPSIS Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 269. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Protobubopsis braueri Van der 
Weele, [1909a] 1908: 270, original designation. 
++PROTOCHRYSA, misspelling. See Leucochrysa 

(Leucochrysa) McLachlan, 1868. 
PROTOCHRYSOPA Kolbe. 1888. S&c Leucochrysa 

{Leucochrysa) McLachlan, 1868. 
PROTOCONIOPTERYX Meinander, 1972. See 

Coniopteryx (Protoconiopteryx) Meinander, 
1972. 
PROTOPLECTRON Gerstaecker. [1885a] 1884: 15. 

MYR: MYRN: PROI 
Type species: Protoplectron venustum 
Gerstaecker, [1885a] 1884: 16, monotypy. 
NEOPLECTRON Niwis, 1914r: 115. 

Type species: Neoplectron inversum Navas, 
1914r: 116, monotypy. Neoplectron was consid- 
ered a synonym of Protoplectron by New, 1985a: 
29. 
PROTOSEMIDALIS Kamy, 1924. See Semidalis 

Enderlein, 1905. 
PSAMMOLEON Banks, 1899: 69. MYR: MYRN: GLEI 
Type species: Myrmeleon ingeniosus Walker, 
1853: 337, original designation. 
DIAZUS Navas, 1914e: 220. 

Type species: Diazus clavatus Navas, 1914e: 
221, monotypy. A junior homonym of Diazus 
LeConte, 1859: 9, - Insecta: Coleoptera: 
Scarabaeidae. There is no objective replacement 
name. Diazus Navas, 1914, was considered a 
synonym of Psammoleon by Stange, 1970b: 16. 
PSECTRA Hagen, 1866a: 376, 458. HEM 

Type species: Ilemerobius diptera Burmeis- 
ter, 1839: 973, monotypy. 
ANN AND ALIA Needham, 1909: 208. 

Type species: Annandalia curta Needham, 
1909: 208, monotypy. Annandalia curta was 
considered a synonym of Hemerobius iniquus 
Hagen, 1859: 208, by Nakahara, 1960: 13. In- 
correct type species designation by Nakahara, 
1960: 13, of Hemerobius iniquus Hagen, 1859: 
208. Annandalia was considered a synonym of 
Psectra by Tjeder, 1961: 328. 
EUCAROBIUS Esben-Petersen, 1928a: 95. 

Type species: Eucarobius fasciatus Esben- 
Petersen, 1928a: 95, original designation. Eu- 
carobius was considered a synonym of Psectra 
by Tjeder, 1961: 328. 
KIMMINSIELLA Nakahara, 1960: 14. 

Type species: Annandalia tillyardi Kimmins, 
1940b: 228, original designation. Kimminsiella 
was considered a synonym of Psectra by New, 
1988: 347. 
PSEUDENCYOPOSIS Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 

251. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Pseudencyoposis bicornis Van 
der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 251, original designa- 
tion. 
++PSEUDENCYOPSIS; Van der Weele, [1909a] 
1908: 251. An incorrect original spelling. 
Acting as first revisers. Article 24b, we 



presently select Pseudencyoposis as the correct 
original spelling. 
++PSEUDENCYOPSIS, misspelling. See 

Pseudencyoposis Van der Weele, [1909] 1908. 
PSEUDIMARES Kimmins, 1933: 244. MYR: PALN 

Type species: Pseudimares iris Kimmins, 
1933: 245, monotypy. 
PSEUDOCHRYSA Okamoto, 1914. See Chrysocerca Van 

der Weele, 1909. 
PSEUDOCLIMACIELLA Handschin, 1960a: 207, 210. 

MAN: MANN 

Type species: Mantispa erichsonii Guerin- 

Meneville, [1844] 1829-1838: 391 (as 

"Pseudoclimaciella erichsoni [sic] (Guer. 1 844)" 

on page 207, and as "Climaciella erichsoni [sic] 

Guer. 1844" on page 210), original designation. 

Mantispa erichsonii is an objective replacement 

name for Mantispa grandis Erichson, 1839: 164, 

which is a junior primary homonym of Mantispa 

grandis Guerin-Meneville in Duperrey, 1830: 

196. 

PSEUDOCONIS Meinander, 1972a: 159. CON: ALEN 

Type species: Pseudoconis maculipennis 

Meinander, 1972a: 160, original designation. 

PSEUDODISPAROMITUS New, 1984a: 16. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Pseudodisparomitus aus- 
traliensis New, 1984a: 16, original designation. 
PSELDOFORMICALEO Van der Weele, 1909b: 25. 

MYR: MYRN: DISI 
Type species: Myrmeleon gracilis Klug in 
Ehrenberg, [1834] 1829-1845: plate 35 and asso- 
ciated unpaginated letterpress, subsequent desig- 
nation by Kuwayama, 1962: 384. Incorrect type 
species designation by New, 1985a: 43, of 
Pseudoformicaleo jacobsoni Van der Weele, 
1909b: 25. 
GAMA Navas, 1912g [February]: 57. 

Type species: Creagris inclitus Peringuey, 
1910: 445 (as "Creagris inclytus [sic]"), original 
designation. A junior homonym of Gama 
[Blanchard], 1850: 118, - Insecta: Coleoptera: 
Scarabaeidae. The objective replacement name 
is Allogama Markl, 1954. Gama Navas, 1912, 
was considered a synonym of Pseudoformicaleo 
by Kuwayama, 1962: 384. 
TAHULUS ^awis, 1912j [April]: 112. 

Type species: Tahulus caligatus Navas, 
1912J: 113, monotypy. Tahulus caligatus was 
considered a synonym of Creagris nubecula 
Gerstaecker, [1885b] 1884: 101, by New, 1985a: 
43. Tahulus was considered a synonym of 
Pseudoformicaleo by New, 1985a: 43. 
NADAL Navas, 1913k: 454. 

Type species: Nadal anterior Navas, 1913k: 
454, monotypy. Nadal anterior was considered 
a synonym of Myrmeleon gracilis Klug in 
Ehrenberg, [1834] 1829-1845: plate 35 and asso- 
ciated unpaginated letterpress, the type species of 
Pseudoformicaleo Van der Weele, 1909, by 
Holzel, 1972: 60. 
PSEUDOPLECTRON Navas, 1914b: 467. 

Type species: Protoplectron costatus Banks, 
1910c: 41, original designation. Protoplectron 
costatus was considered a synonym of Creagris 
nubecula Gerstaecker, [1885b] 1884: 101, by 
New, 1985a: 43. Pseudoplectron was considered 



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51 



a synonym of Pseudoformicaleo by New, 1985a: 
43. 
++ALZ,OG-4A/A Banks, 1943d: 166. A nomen 

nudum, having been published after 1930 and 
not accompanied by fixation of the type 
species by designation or indication. Article 
12b. Included species: None. Incorrect type 
species designation by Ghosh, 1984: 41, of 
Gama irene Banks, 1939a: 456. ++Allogama 
was considered synonymous with Gama by 
Markl, 1954: 242. 

Note: Though Banks probably intended this 
name as a replacement name for the junior hom- 
onym Gama Navas, 1912, there is no explicit in- 
dication of this in Banks' work. 
ALLOGAMA Markl, 1954: 242. 

Type species: Creagris inclitus Peringuey, 
1910: 445, original designation (of Gama Navas, 
1912). Allogama Markl, 1954, is the objective 
replacement name for Gama Navas, 1912. 

Note: The genus-group name Allogama was 
apparently first made available by Markl, 1954. 
Markl's usage satisfies Article 13a(ii) by citing 
Banks' definition of ++Allogama (in key to gen- 
era of Macronemurinae); it also satisfies Article 
13b by explicitly treating Allogama as the objec- 
tive replacement name for Gama Navas, 1912, 
with which it becomes isogenotypic by Article 
67h. 

PSEUDOHYBRIS Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 267. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Pseudohybris heymonsi Van 
der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 268, original designa- 
tion. 

PSEUDOMICROMUS Kruger, 1922. See Micromus 
Rambur, 1842. 

PSEUDOPALPARES Insom and Carfi, [1989a] 1988: 

77. MYR: PALN 

Type species: Palpares sparsus McLachlan, 
[1867a] 1868: 240, original designation. 

PSEUDOPLECTRON Nivis, 1914. See 

Pseudoformicaleo Van der Weele, 1909. 

PSEUDOPROCTARRELABRIS Van der Weele, 

[1909a] 1908: 222. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Pseudoproctarrelabris ele- 
gantulus Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 223, 
original designation. 

PSEUDOPSECTRA Perkins, 1899. Sec Micromus 
Rambur, 1842. 

PSEUDOPTYNX Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 209. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Pseudoptynx furcifer Van der 
Weele, [1909a] 1908: 209, monotypy. A junior 
homonym of Pseudoptynx Kaup, 1848: 770, - 
Aves: Strigiformes: Strigidae. There is no objec- 
tive replacement name. 

++PSICHOBIELLA, misspelling. See Psychobiella 
Banks, 1909. 

++PS1CHOPSIS, misspelling. See Psychopsis Newman, 
1842. 

PSYCHOBIELLA Banks, 1909a: 79. HEM 

Type species: Psychobiella sordlda Banks, 
1909a: 79, monotypy. 
++PSICHOBIELLA; Gonzalez-Olazo, 1981: 100. 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Psychobiella. 



PSYCHOMORPHE Kriiger, 1922. See Zygophlebius 

Navas, 1910. 
PSYCHOPHASIS Kriiger, 1922. See Silveira Nava's, 

1912. 
PSYCHOPSELLA Tillyard, 1919. See Psychopsis 

Newman, 1842. 
PSYCHOPSIS Newman, 1842: 415. PSY 

Type species: Psychopsis mimica Newman, 
1842: 415, monotypy. 
ARTIOPTERYX Guerin-MenevUle, [1844] 
1829-1838: 389. 

Type species: Artiopteryx elegans Guerin- 
Meneville, [1844] 1829-1838: 389, monotypy. 
Artiopteryx (as ++Arteriopteryx) was considered 
a synonym of Psychopsis by Kimmins, 1939: 
150. 
++ARTERIOPTERYX; Hagen. 1866a: 380. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Artiopteryx. 
BALMES Navas. 1910b: 85. 

Type species: Balmes terissinus Navas, 
1910b: 85, monotypy. Balmes terissinus was 
considered a synonym of Psychopsis birmana 
McLachlan, 1891a: 320, by Kimmins, 1939: 153. 
Balmes was considered a synonym of Psychopsis 
by New, [1989] 1988: 844. 
MAGALLANES Navas, 1912b: 197. 

Type species: Psychopsis insolens 
McLachlan, 1863: 114 (as "Magallanes insolens 
M'L."), original designation. Magallanes was 
considered a synonym of Psychopsis by New, 
[1989] 1988: 844. 
WERNZIA Navas, 1912b: 195. 

Type species: Hemerobius coelivagus 
Walker, 1853: 279 (as "Wernzia caelivaga [sic]. 
Walk."), original designation. Wernzia was con- 
sidered a synonym of Psychopsis by New, [1989] 
1988: 844. 
++PSICHOPSIS, Navas, 1914c: 4. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Psychopsis. 
PSYCHOPSELLA Tillyard, 1919b: 780. 

Type species: Psychopsella gallardi Tillyard, 
1919b: 780, original designation. Psychopsella 
was considered a synonym of Psychopsis by 
New, [1989] 1988: 844. 
ORIENTICHOPSIS Kuwayama, 1927: 125. 

Type species: Psychopsis (Orientichopsis) 
formosa Kuwayama, 1927: 123, original desig- 
nation. Orientichopsis was originally proposed 
as a subgenus of Psychopsis Newman, 1842. 
Orientichopsis was considered a synonym of Psy- 
chopsis by New, [1989] 1988: 844. 
PTEROCROCE Withycombe, 1923b: 141. NEM: CRON 
Type species: Pterocroce storeyi 
Withycombe, 1923b: 141, original designation. 
Pterocroce storeyi was considered a synonym of 
Nemoptera capillaris Klug, [1838] 1836: 96, by 
Holzel, 1975a: 80. 
PTEROLEON Navas, 1932. See Nedroledon Navas, 1914. 
PTYNGIDRICERUS Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 67. 

ASC: HAPN 
Type species: Idricerus albardanus 
McLachlan, 1891b: 514, original designation. 
PTYNX Lefebvre, 1842. See Haploglenius Burmeister, 

1839. 
PUER Lefebvre, 1842: 7. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Ascalaphus niger Borkhausen, 
1791: 156 (as "Niger (Bork.)"), monotypy. As- 



52 



calaphus niger was considered a synonym of As- 
calaphus maculatus Olivier, 1790; 246, by Van 
der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 279. Incorrect type 
species designation by Blanchard in d'Orbigny, 
[1847] 1849: 634, of Ascalaphus maculatus Oliv- 
ier, 1790: 246. 

++PURAE Navas, 1901: 24. CHR 

Name unavailable, having been proposed in a 
non-Latin text as a noun in other than the nomi- 
native singular. Article llg. ++Purae was origi- 
nally proposed as a 'seccion' of Chrysopa Leach 
in Brewster, 1815. 

++PURAS Navas, [1925h] 1924: 46. CHR 

Name unavailable, having been proposed in a 
non-Latin text as a noun in other than the nomi- 
native singular. Article llg. ■*-+Puras (an alter- 
ation of ++Purae) was originally proposed as a 
'secci6n' of Chrysopa Leach in Brewster, 1815. 

PUREN Navas, 191 le: 125. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Puren bellator Navas, 191 le: 
125, monotypy. 
QUASISPERMOPHORELLA U. Aspock and H. 

Aspock, 1986a: 26. BER: BERN 

Type species: Quasispermophorella ingwa U. 
Aspock and H. Aspock, 1986a: 27, original des- 
ignation. 
QUINEMURUS Kimmins. 1943: 148. 

MYR: MYRN: DISI 
Type species: Quinemurus cinereus 
Kimmins, 1943: 148, monotypy. 
RAMETA Navas, 1920. See Nacarina Navas, 1915. 
RAPISMA McLachlan, 1866: 353. RAM 

Type species: Hemerobius viridipennis 
Walker, 1853: 276, original designation. 
RHAPISMA Navas, 1929a: 376. An unjustified 

emendation of Rapisma McLachlan, 1866. An 
incorrect original transliteration or latinization 
does not constitute an incorrect original 
spelling. Article 32c(ii), and is therefore not 
justifiable grounds for an emendation. 
RECTINERVA Handschin, 1959: 221. MAN: MANN 
Type species: Rectinerva braconidiformis 
Handschin, 1959: 221, original designation. 
RETIPENNA Brooks, 1986: 36. CHR: CHRN: ANKI 
Type species: Chrysopa notata Navas, 1910g: 
40, original designation. 
REUTEROBIUS Kruger, 1922. See Hemerobius 

{Hemerobius) Linnaeus, 1758. 
REXA Navas, [1920a] 1919: 289. CHR: CHRN: CHRI 
Type species: Rexa lordina Navas, [1920a] 
1919: 289, monotypy. 
EUROCHRYSA Esben-Petersen, 1925a: 67. 

Type species: Chrysopa Corsica Hagen, 1864; 
40, original designation. Eurochrysa was con- 
sidered a synonym of Rexa by H. Aspock, U. 
Aspock and Hblzel, 1980; 270. 
REXAVIUS Navas, 1909. See Dilar Rambur, [1838] 

1837-1840. 
RHACHIBEROTHA Tjeder, 1959: 262. BER: RHAN 
Type species: Rhachiberotha signiTera Tje- 
der, 1959; 264, original designation. 
RHAPISMA Navas, 1929. See Rapisma McLachlan, 1866. 
->-+RHIPIDOS\fYLUS, misspelling. See Spilosmylus 

Kolbe, 1897. 
RIEKOLEON New. 1985b: 74. MYR: MYRN: DENI 



Type species: Riekoleon convergens New, 
1985b; 75, original designation. 

RIPALDA Navas, 1915e: 462. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Myrmeleon insignis Rambur, 
1842: 388, original designation. 

RIPIDOSMYLUS Kruger, 1913. See Spilosmylus Kolbe, 
1897. 

++ROTANDON, misspelling. See Delfimeus Navas, 1912. 

ROTANTON Niwis, [1914] 1913-1914. See Delfimeus 
Navas, 1912. 

ROVIRA Navas, 1914e: 216. MYR 

Type species: Rovira punctatus Navas, 
1914e: 216, monotypy. 

SAGITTALATA Handschin, 1959: 215. MAN: MANN 
Type species: Mantispilla hilaris Navas, 
1925b; 573 (as "Sagittalata hilaris (Navas 1924 
[sic])"), original designation. 

+ +5ALMAC/5 Zetterstedt, 1840: 1051. CON 

Name unavailable, having been first published 
in synonymy (with Sciodus) prior to 1961 and 
never having been made available by having been 
adopted as the valid name of a genus-group taxon 
or treated as a senior homonym. Article He. 

SALVAZA Navas, 1917d; 12. MYR; MYRN 

Type species: Salvaza cornutus Navas, 
1917d: 12, monotypy. 

SARTENA Hagen. 1864. See Nevrorthus Costa, 1863. 

SARTOUS Navas, 1914n; 207. MYR: MYRN 

Type species; Sartous ardens Navas, 1914n: 
208, monotypy. 

SAVIGNIELLA Kirby, 1900: 462. NEM; NEMN 

Type species: Nemoptera olivieri Rambur, 
1842: 337, monotypy (of Brachystoma Rambur, 
1842). Nemoptera olivieri (as "Brachystoma 
olivieri") was considered a synonym of 
Nemoptera costata Klug, [1838] 1836; 94, by 
Tjeder, 1967a: 366. Savigniella was proposed as 
the objective replacement name for Brachystoma 
Rambur, 1842. 
BRACHYSTOMA Rambur, 1842: 332. 

Type species: Nemoptera olivieri Rambur, 
1842: 337, monotypy. Nemoptera olivieri (as 
"Brachystoma olivieri") was considered a syn- 
onym of Nemoptera costata Klug, [1838] 1836: 
94, by Tjeder, 1967a: 366. A junior homonym of 
Brachystoma Meigen, 1822: 12, - Insecta: Dip- 
tera: Empididae; Brachystoma Swainson, 1837; 
266, - Aves; Passeriformes. The objective re- 
placement name is Savigniella Kirby, 1900. 
++SAV1GNYELLA; Navas, 1912d: 10. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Savigniella. 
SAVIGNYELLA Tjeder, 1967a; 364. An unjustified 
emendation of Savigniella Kirby. 1900. Use of 
an inappropriate connecting vowel is not 
justifiable grounds for an emendation. Article 
32c(ii). Tjeder was apparently the first author 
to make the spelling Savignyella available as 
an emendation under Article 33b. Incorrect 
type species designation by Tjeder, 1967a; 365, 
of Nemoptera costata Klug, [1838] 1836; 94. 

^^SAVIGNYELLA, misspelling. See Savigniella Kirby, 
1900. 

SAVIGNYELLA Tjeder, 1967. See Savigniella Kirby. 
1900. 

SCHNEIDEROBIUS KiiigcT, 1922. See Hemerobius 
(Hemerobius) Linnaeus. 1758. 



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53 



SCIODUS Zetterstedt, 1840. See Coniopteryx 

(Coniopteryx) Curtis, 1834. 
SCOLIOCHRYSA Navas, 1929. See Austrochrysa Esben- 

Petersen, 1928. 
++SCONIOPTERYX, misspelling. See Coniopteryx 

{Coniopteryx) Curtis, 1834. 
SCOTOCONIOPTERYX Meinander, 1972. Sec 

Coniopteryx {Scoioconiopteryx) Meinander, 
1972. 
SCOTOLEON Banks, 1913. See Brachynemurus Hagen, 

1888. 
SEGURA Navas. 1914. See Eremoleon Banks, 1901. 
SEMACHRYSA Brooks, 1983: 6. CHR: CHRN: ANKI 
Type species: Semachrysa minuta Brooks, 
1983: 10, original designation. 
++INDOCHRYSA Banks, 1938b: 225, 226, 229. A 
nomen nudum, having been published after 
1930 and not accompanied by fixation of the 
type species by designation or indication. 
Article 13b. Included species: Chrysopa 
nigribasis Banks, 1920: 337, and Chrysopa 
cruciata Esben-Petersen, 1928b: 228. 
++Indochrysa was considered synonymous with 
Semachrysa by Brooks, 1983: 6. 
SEMIDALIS Enderlein, 1905c [1 June]: 197. 

CON: CONN 
Type species: Coniopteryx aleyrodiforinis 
Stephens, 1836: 116, original designation. 
ALEMA Enderlein. 1905a [18 July]: 226. 

Type species: Alema boliviense Enderlein, 
1905a: 226, original designation. A junior hom- 
onym of Alema Sharp, 1876: 98, - Insecta: Col- 
eoptera: Chrysomelidae. The objective 
replacement name is Alemella Enderlein, 1906. 
Alema Enderlein, 1905, was considered a syn- 
onym of Semidalis by Meinander, 1972a: 307. 
ALEMELLA Enderlein, 1906: 208. 

Type species: Alema boliviense Enderlein, 
1905a: 226, original designation (of Alema En- 
derlein, 1905). Alemella was proposed as the ob- 
jective replacement name for Alema Enderlein, 
1905. 
NIPHAS Enderlein. 1908: 12. 

Type species: Niphas absurdiceps Enderlein, 
1908: 12, monotypy. Niphas was considered a 
synonym of Semidalis by Meinander, 1972a: 307. 
PARASEMIDALIS Roepke, 1916: 156. 

Type species: Parasemidalis decipiens 
Roepke. 1916: 157. original designation. A ju- 
nior homonym of Parasemidalis Enderlein, 
1905c: 197. - Insecta: Neuroptera: Con- 
iopterygidae. The objective replacement name is 
Metasemidalis Karny. 1924. Parasemidalis 
Roepke. 1916. was considered a synonym of 
Semidalis by Meinander. 1972a: 307. 
PROTOSEMIDALIS Karny, 1924: 474. 

Type species: Protosemidalis pluriramosa 
Karny, 1924: 476, monotypy. Protosemidalis 
was considered a synonym of Semidalis by 
Meinander, 1972a: 307. 
METASEMIDALIS Karny, 1924: 478. 

Type species: Parasemidalis decipiens 
Roepke, 1916: 157, original designation (of 
Parasemidalis Roepke, 1916). Metasemidalis 
was proposed as the objective replacement name 
for Parasemidalis Roepke, 1916. 
AHLERSIA Enderlein, 1929: 221. 



Type species: Coniopteryx pulchella 
McLachlan, 1882: 173 (as "A. pulchella 
(McLachl. 1882)"). original designation. Con- 
iopteryx pulchella McLachlan, 1882: 173, is a ju- 
nior secondary homonym of Hemerobius 
pulchella Block, 1799: 118, which was placed in 
Coniopteryx by Hagen, 1866a: 401. 409. Its ob- 
jective replacement name is Semidalis teneriffae 
Meinander, 1972a: 340. Ahlersia was considered 
a synonym of Semidalis by Meinander, 1972a: 
307. 
NIPHETIA Enderlein, 1930: 106. 

Type species: Semidalis curtisiana Enderlein. 
1906: 212 (as "N. Curtisiana (Enderl. 1906)"). 
original designation. Semidalis curtisiana was 
considered a synonym of Coniopteryx al- 
eyrodiformis Stephens. 1836: 116. the type spe- 
cies of Semidalis Enderlein, 1905, by Meinander, 
1972a: 317. Niphetia was considered a synonym 
of Semidalis by Meinander, 1972a: 307. 

SEMIRHYNCHIA Tjeder, 1967a: 351. NEM: NEMN 
Type species: Nemoptera dunbrodiana 
Peringuey, 1910: 452 (as "Nemoptera dumbrodi- 
ana [sic]"), original designation. Peringuey's in- 
correct original spelling of the specific name of 
the type species, dumbrodiana, as been corrected 
to dunbrodiana, a mandatory change under Arti- 
cle 32d. The specific name was derived from the 
place name "Dunbrody," Cape Colony, where 
part of the type material was collected. 

SEMOHEMEROBILS Yang, 1983: 128. HEM 

Type species: Mesohemerobius subacutus 
Nakahara, 1966: 202, original designation (of 
Mesohemerobius Nakahara, 1966). 

Semohemerobius was proposed as the objective 
replacement name for Mesohemerobius 
Nakahara, 1966. 
MESOHEMEROBIUS Nakahara, 1966: 202. 

Type species: Mesohemerobius subacutus 
Nakahara, 1966: 202, original designation. A ju- 
nior homonym of Mesohemerobius Ping, 1928: 
42, - Insecta: Neuroptera: Hemerobiidae (fossil). 
The objective replacement name is 
Semohemerobius Yang, 1983. 

SENCERA Navas, [1925] 1924. ?,ee Ankylopteryx 
(Sencera) Navas, [1925] 1924. 

5£/f/COL£:ON Esben-Petersen, 1933. See Elachyleon 
Esben-Petersen, 1927. 

SICAL Navas, [1928b] 1927: 317. MYR 

Type species: Sicai peralinus Navas, [1928b] 
1927: 318, monotypy. 

SICYOPTERA Navas, 1910e: 389. NEM: NEMN 

Type species: Nemoptera dilatata Klug, 
[1838] 1836: 94 (as "dilatata"), original designa- 
tion. Sicyoptera was originally proposed as a 
subgenus of Kirbynia Navas, 1910. 

SIGNOCHRYSA Brooks and Barnard, 1990: 162. 

CHR: CHRN: ANKI 
Type species: Leucochrysa mira Navas. 
19141: 110. original designation. 

SILVEIRA Navas, 1912b: 196. PSY 

Type species: Silveira marmoratus Navas, 
1912b: 196, monotypy. Silveira marmoratus was 
considered a synonym of Psychopsis marshalli 
McLachlan, 1902: 234. the type species of Psy- 
chophasis Kriiger. 1922. by Tjeder. 1960: 176. 
PSYCHOPHASIS Kriiger. 1922a: 44. 



54 



Type species: Psychopsis marshalli 
McLachlan, 1902: 234, original designation. 
Psychophasis was considered a synonym of 
Silveira by Kimmins, 1939: 153. 
SINEURONEMA Yang, 1964: 276, 280. HEM 

Type species: Neuronema sinensis Tjeder, 
1936: 6, original designation. 
SIPHLOCERUS McLachlan. [1871] 1873: 260. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Ascalaphus nimius Walker, 
1853: 429 (as "S. nimius. Walker"), monotypy. 
SISYBORINA Monserrat, [1982] 1981: 184. SIS 

Type species: Sisyrina marlieri Tjeder, 1976; 
209, original designation. 
SISYRA Burmeister, 1839: 975. SIS 

Type species: Hemerobius fuscatus Fabricius, 
1793: 84 (as "S. fuscata Fabr."), subsequent des- 
ignation by Banks, 1905a: 25. 
++SYSIRA; Wesmael, 1841: 205. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Sisyra. 
BRANCHIOTOMA Westwood, [1842] 1841-1843: 
108. 

Type species: Branchiotoma spongillae West- 
wood, [1842] 1841-1843: 108 (as larva), 
monotypy. Branchiotoma spongillae was consid- 
ered a synonym of Hemerobius fuscatus 
Fabricius, 1793: 84, the type species of Sisyra 
Burmeister, 1839, by H. Aspock, U. Aspock and 
Holzel, 1980: 173. 
++BRANCH10ST0MA; Banks, 1905a: 22. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Branchiotoma. 
NOPIA Navas, [1910a] 1909: 397. 

Type species: Nopia nildcoana Navas, [1910a] 
1909: 398, monotypy. A junior homonym of 
Nopia Walker. 1862: 1091, - Insecta: Lepidop- 
tera. The objective replacement name is Sisyrella 
Banks, 1913. Nopia Navas, 1910, was consid- 
ered a synonym of Sisyra by Kuwayama, 1962: 
339. 
SISYRELLA Banks, 1913a: 218. 

Type species: Nopia nil(l(oana Navas, [1910a] 
1909: 398, monotypy (of Nopia Navas, 1910). 
Sisyrella was proposed as the objective replace- 
ment name for Nopia Navas, 1910. 
SISYRELLA Banks. 1913. See Sisyra Burmeister, 1839. 
SISYRINA Banks, 1939a: 470. SIS 

Type species: Sisyrina nirvana Banks. 1939a: 
470. monotypy. 
SISYRURA Navas. 1905. See Berotha Walker, 1860. 
SODIRUS Navas, 1913b: 108. ASC 

Type species: Sodirus gaudichaudi Navas, 
1913b: 109 (as larva), monotypy. 
SOGRA Navas, 1911b [August]: 240. MYR: ACAN 

Type species: Sogra perversa Navas, 1911b: 
240, monotypy. Incorrect type species designa- 
tion by Navas, 1912g: 43. of Acanthaclisis dis- 
tincta Rambur. 1842: 380 (as "distincla Ramb."). 
SOGRASSA Navas. 1924. See Centroclisis Navas. 1909. 
++SOGROSSA, misspelling. See Centroclisis Navas, 

1909. 
SOLTER Navas, 1912g: 32. MYR: MYRN: ISOI 

Type species: Seller liber Navas, 1912g: 33, 
monotypy. 
NELUS Navas. 1929e: 44. 

Type species: Nelus griseipennis Navas. 
1929e: 45. monotypy. Nelus griseipennis was 
considered a synonym of Solter felderi Navas, 



1912b: 170, by Holzel, 1972: 34. Nelus was con- 
sidered a synonym of Solter by Holzel, 1972: 33. 
SOSA Navas, 1914. See Eremoleon Banks, 1901. 
SPADOBIUS Needham, 1905. See Sympherobius Banks, 

1904. 
SPAMINTA Lambkin, 1986b: 48. MAN: MANN 

Type species: Spaminta minjerribae Lamb- 
kin, 1986b: 50, original designation. 
SPERMOPHORELLA Tillyard, 1916a: 317. BER: BERN 
Type species: Spermophorella disseminata 
TiUyard, 1916a: 318. original designation. 
CYCLOBEROTHA Kriiger. 1922b: 75. 

Type species: Berotha mjobergi Esben- 
Petersen, 1918: 32 (as "mjobergi Esben- 
Petersen"). original designation. The original 
spelling of the specific name of the type species, 
mjobergi, has been corrected to mjobergi, a man- 
datory change under Article 32d(i)(2). 
Cycloberotha was considered a synonym of Sper- 
mophorella by U. Aspock, 1986: 91. 
SPHAEROBEROTHA Navas, 1930c: 133. BER: BERN 
Type species: Sphaeroberotha dumontl 
Navas, 1930c: 134, monotypy. 
SPILOCONIS Enderlein, 1907b: 6. CON: ALEN 

Type species: Spiloconis sexguttata Enderl- 
ein, 1907b: 6, original designation. 
SPILOMICROMUS Nakahara, 1960. See. Micromus 

Rambur. 1842. 
SPILOSMYLUS Kolbe. 1897: 34. OSM: SPIN 

Type species: Osmylus tuberculatus Walker, 
1853: 235. subsequent designation by Navas, 
1911b: 235. Incorrect type species designation 
by Banks, 1913a: 214, of Osmylus africanus 
Kolbe, 1897: 34. Spilosmylus was originally 
proposed as a subgenus of Osmylus Latreille, 
1802. 
RIPIDOSMYLUS Kriiger, 1913: 61. 

Type species: Osmylus africanus Kolbe, 
1897: 33, original designation. Ripidosmylus 
was considered a synonym of Spilosmylus by 
Tjeder, 1957: 172. 
CONCHYLOSMYLUS Kriiger, 1914: 20. 

Type species: Spilosmylus aureus Navas, 
1912b: 187, monotypy. Conchylosmylus was 
considered a synonym of Spilosmylus by Tjeder, 
1957: 172. 
GRAMMOSMYLUS Kriiger. 1914: 34. 

Type species: Spilosmylus punctatus Navas. 
1912b: 186 (as "punctatus Navas"), original des- 
ignation. Grammosmylus was considered a syn- 
onym of Spilosmylus by Kimmins, 1942: 854. 
KELIDOSMYLUS Kriiger, 1914: 29. 

Type species: Ripidosmylus togoensis 
Kriiger, 1913: 78 (as "togoensis Kriiger"). origi- 
nal designation. Kelidosmylus was considered a 
synonym of Spilosmylus by Kimmins, 1942: 854. 
OSTREOSMYLUS Kriiger. 1914: 30. 

Type species: Osmylus inquinatus 
McLachlan, 1870: 200. original designation. Os- 
treosmylus was considered a synonym of 
Spilosmylus by Kimmins. 1942: 855. 
STIGMATOSMYLUS Kruger. 1914: 32. 

Type species: Stigmatosmylus ocellatus 
Kriiger. 1914: 32. original designation. 
Stigmatosmylus was considered a synonym of 
Spilosmylus by Kimmins. 1942: 855. 
HELIOSMYLUS Kriiger. 1915: 80. 



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55 



Type species: Glenosmylus kruegeri Esben- 
Petersen, 1914b: 269 (as "krugeri Petersen"), 
original designation. The original spelling of the 
specific name of the type species, krugeri, has 
been corrected to kruegeri, a mandatory change 
under Article 32d(i)(2). Heliosmylus was consid- 
ered a synonym of Spilosmylus by Kimmins, 
1942: 854. 
++OESTREOSMYLUS; Esben-Petersen. 1929b: 102. 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Ostreosmylus. 
++RHIPIDOSMYLUS; Tjeder, 1957: 171. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Ripidosmylus. 
SPINOMEGALOMUS Nakahara, 1965. See Megalomus 

iPirionus) Navas, (1929] 1928. 
SPIROBEROTHA Adams, [1990] 1989: 187. 

BER: BERN 
Type species: Spiroberotha sanctarosae 
Adams, [1990] 1989: 188, original designation. 
STANGESEMIDALIS Gonzalez-Olazo, 1985: 60. 

CON: CONN 
Type species: Stangesemidalis subandina 
Gonzalez-Olazo, 1985: 60, original designation. 
STENARES Hagen, 1866a: 372, 460. MYR: PALN 

Type species: Myrmeleon hyaena Dalman, 
1823: 89, subsequent designation by Holzel, 
1972: 6. 
STENISPA Navas, 1914J: 90. MAN 

Type species: Eumantispa hypogastrica 
Navas, 1914j: 89, monotypy. A junior homonym 
of Stenispa Baly, 1858: 13, - Insecta: Col- 
eoptera: Chrysomelidae. There is no objective re- 
placement name. 
STENOBIELLA TiUyard. 1916a: 326. BER: BERN 

Type species: Stenobiella hirsutissima TiU- 
yard, 1916a: 327, original designation. 
STENOCLISIS Navas. 1932. See Centroclisis Navas, 

1909. 
STENOGYMNOCNEMIA Esben-Petersen, 1923: 581. 

MYR: MYRN: DISI 
Type species: Myrmeleon malus Walker, 
1853: 393, original designation. 
STENOLEON Tillyard. 1916b: 60. MYR: MYRN: DISI 
Type species: Stenoleon fieldi Tillyard, 
1916b: 60, original designation. 
STENOLOMUS Navas, 1906. See Hemerobius 

(Hemerobius) Linnaeus, 1758. 
STENOLYSMUS Kimmins, 1940a: 172. OSM: STEN 

Type species: Nymphes extrancus Walker, 
1853: 230, original designation. 
STENOMANTISPA Stitz, 1913. See Mantispa 

(Slenomantispa) Stitz, 1913. 
STENOMICROMUS Kriiger, 1922. See Micromus 

Rambur, 1842. 

STENOMUS Navas, 1922b: 55. HEM 

Type species: Stenomus nesaeus Navas, 

1922b: 55, monotypy. A junior homonym of 

Stenomus Rafinesque, 1815: 110, - Insecta: Col- 

eoplera. There is no objective replacement name. 

STENONEMIA Cowley, 1941. See Stenorrhachus 

McLachlan, 1886. 
++STENORRACHUS, misspelling. See Stenorrhachus 

McLachlan, 1886. 
STENORRHACHUS McLachlan, 1886: Iviii 

NEM: NEMN 

Type species: Stenotaenia walkeri 

McLachlan, 1885: 377, monotypy (of 



Stenotaenia McLachlan, 1885). Stenorrhachus 
was proposed as the objective replacement name 
for Stenotaenia McLachlan, 1885. 

Note: Stenorrhachus McLachlan, 1886, is not 
a junior homonym as indicated by Cowley, 1941: 
122. For a discussion of homonomy and synon- 
ymy among the genera Stenotaenia McLachlan, 
1885, Stenorrhachus McLachlan, 1886, and 
Stenonemia Cowley, 1941, see Oswald (1987). 
STENOTAENIA McLachlan. 1885: 376. 

Type species: Stenotaenia walkeri 
McLachlan. 1885: 377, monotypy. A junior 
homonym of Stenotaenia Koch. 1847: 85. - 
Chilopoda. The objective replacement name is 
Stenorrhachus McLachlan. 1886. 
++STENORRHACUS; Zoological Record (Insecta). 
1886: 322. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
StenorrhachtdS. 
++STENORRACHUS; Navas. 1910e: 366. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Stenorrhachus. 
STENONEMIA Cowley, 1941: 122. 

Type species: Stenotaenia walkeri 
McLachlan, 1885: 377, monotypy (of 
Stenotaenia McLachlan, 1885). Stenonemia was 
proposed unnecessarily as the objective replace- 
ment name for Stenorrhachus McLachlan, 1886. 
See also note under Stenorrhachus McLachlan, 
1886. 
++STENORRHACUS, misspelling. See Stenorrhachus 

McLachlan, 1886. 
STENOSMYLUS McLachlan, [1867a] 1868: 267. 

OSM: STEN 
Type species: Osmylus tenuis Walker, 1853: 
234 (as "tenuis Walker"), subsequent designation 
by Kriiger. 1913: 106. 
STENOTAENIA McLachlan, 1885. See Stenorrhachus 

McLachlan, 1886. 
STEPHANOLASCA Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 

196. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Ascalaphus rufopictus Walker. 
1853: 423. original designation. 
STIGMACHRYSA Navas, 1925b: 570. 

CHR: CHRN: BELI 
Type species: Nothochrysa kervillei Navas, 
1925b: 569 (as "Stigmachrysa kervillei Nav."), 
original designation. 

Note: Though cited as the type species of the 
new genus Stigmachrysa, the specific name 
kervillei was originally described in the same 
paper under the combination "Nothochrysa 
kervillei." 
STIGMATOSMYLUS Kriiger, 1914. See Spilosmylus 

Kolbe. 1897. 
STILBOPTERYX Newman, 1838: 399. MYR: STIN 

Type species: Stilbopteryx costalis Newman. 
1838: 400. monotypy. Stilbopteryx was formerly 
placed in the Stilbopterygidae; it was transferred 
to the Myrmeleontidae by New, 1982: 74. 
AZESIA Lcfebvre. 1842: 1. 

Type species: Azesia napoleo Lefebvre, 1842: 
1. monotypy. Azesia was considered a synonym 
of Stilbopteryx by Riek, 1976: 299. 
STIPHRONEURA Gerstaecker, [1885b] 1884: 91. 

MYR: ACAN 
Type species: Myrmeleon inclusus Walker. 
1853: 327, monotypy. 
NERIGA Navas. 1926b: 79. 



56 



Type species: Neriga oculata Navas, 1926b: 
80, monotypy. Neriga was considered a syn- 
onym of Stiphroneura (as ++Stiphroneuria) by 
Stange and MiUer. 1985: 29. 
++STIPHRONEURIA; Stange and MiUer, 1985: 29. 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Stiphroneura. 
++STIPHRONEURIA, misspelling. See Stiphroneura 

Gerstaecker, [1885] 1884. 
STYLONOTUS Needham. 1909: 198. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Ascalaphus obscurus West- 
wood, [1847] 1848: 69, original designation. A 
junior homonym of Stylonotus Olfers, 1907: 20, 
- CoUembola. There is no objective replacement 
name. 
SUARIUS Navas, [19141] 1913-1914 [January]: 73. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 
Type species: Suarius walsinghami Navas, 
[19141] 1913-1914: 74, monotypy. Incorrect 
type species designation by Holzel, 1970a: 51, of 
Chrysopa nana McLachlan, 1893: 231. 
VASQUEZIUS Navas, [19141] 1913-1914 [January]: 
75. 

Type species: Vasquezius alisteri Navas, 
[19141] 1913-1914: 76, monotypy. Vasquezius 
was considered a synonym of Suarius by Holzel, 
1980: 169. 
PROCHRYSOPA T}edsT, 1936: 18. 

Type species: Prochrysopa mongolica Tjeder, 
1936: 18, monotypy. Prochrysopa was consid- 
ered a synonym of Suarius by Brooks and Bar- 
nard, 1990: 236. 
SUBBORIOMYIA Steinmann, 1967: 159. HEM 

Type species: Subboriomyia fusca 
Steinmann, 1967: 159, original designation. 

Note: Horst Aspock (pers. comm.), who has 
questioned Dr. Steinmann regarding the identity 
of the monobasic genus Subboriomyia, has in- 
formed us that Subboriomyia and its type spe- 
cies, S. fusca, were described by Dr. Steinmann 
from memory, and that no type material exists 
for 5. fusca. Horst Aspock, U. Aspock and 
Holzel, 1980: 411, were unable to identify this 
species in the European Neuroptera fauna, where 
it is said to exist. It is possible that having been 
described from memory the characters attributed 
to these laxa are inaccurate and, taken together, 
describe a pair of fanciful taxa. 
SUCA Navas, [1921c] 1919: 299. MYR 

Type species: Suca delicata Navas, [1921c] 
1919: 299, by the following original designation: 
"Tomo por tipo la especie siguiente. [next line] 
58. Suca delicata sp. nov." 
SUHPALACSA Lefebvre, 1842: 7. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Ascalaphus flavipes Leach, 
1814: 48, subsequent designation by Van der 
Weele, [1909a] 1908: 158. 
++SUPHALASCA; Hagen, 1866a: 460. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Suhpalacsa. 
CERAUS Navas, 1900: 95. 

Type species: Ascalaphus flavipes Leach, 
1814: 48, subsequent designation by Oswald, 
[1989b] 1988: 91. Ceraus is a junior objective 
synonym of Suhpalacsa Lefebvre, 1842. 
++SUHPALASCA; Banks, 1913a: 230. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Suhpalacsa. 



++SUPHALACSA; Navas, 1916a: 221. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Suhpalacsa. 
++SUHPALASCA, misspelling. See Suhpalacsa 

Lefebvre, 1842. 
++SUPHALACSA, misspelling. See Suhpalacsa 

Lefebvre, 1842. 
+-k^SUPHALASCA, misspelling. See Suhpalacsa 

Lefebvre, 1842. 
SUPHALOMITUS Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 181. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Suhpalacsa difformis 
McLachlan, [1871] 1873: 257 (as "difformis Mac 
Lachlan"), original designation. The incorrect 
spelling of the generic name of the type species 
by McLachlan as ++Suphalasca has been cor- 
rected to Suhpalacsa. 
SYMMATHETES McLachlan, [1867] 1868. See 

Lachlalhetes Navas, 1926. 
++SYMPHASIS, misspelling. See Trichoscelia 

Westwood, 1852. 
++SYMPHEROBIMA, misspelling. See Sympherobius 

Banks, 1904. 
SYMPHEROBILIS Banks, 1904a: 209. HEM 

Type species: Hemerobius amiculus Fitch, 
[1855] 1854: 799 (as "Sympherobius amiculus 
Fitch"), monotypy. Incorrect type species desig- 
nation by Sharp. [1908] 1906: 373. of 
Hemerobius disjunctus Banks, 1897a: 25. 
SPADOBIUS Needham, 1905: 16. 

Type species: Hemerobius occidentalis Fitch, 
[1855] 1854: 799, original designation, but see 
below. Carpenter, 1940: 227, indicates that the 
Hemerobius occidentalis of Needham, 1905, is a 
misidentification (of H. occidentalis Fitch, 
[1855] 1854) conspecific with//, amiculus Fitch, 
[1855] 1854, the type species of Sympherobius 
Banks, 1904. This is a case of a misidentified 
type species which should be referred to the 
Commission under Article 70b. Spadobius was 
considered a synonym of Sympherobius by 
Banks, 1913a: 217. 
PALMOBWS Needham. 1905: 17. 

Type species: Hemerobius amiculus Fitch, 
[1855] 1854: 799, original designation. Pal- 
mobius is a junior objective synonym of Sym- 
pherobius Banks, 1904. 
NIREMBERGE Navas, 1909e: 377. 

Type species: Niremberge limpida Navas, 
1909e: 377, monotypy. Niremberge limpida was 
considered a synonym of Hemerobius fuscescens 
Wallengren, 1863: 22, by H. Aspock. U. Aspock 
and Holzel, 1980: 230. Incorrect type species 
designation by Navas, [1924g] 1923: 197, of 
Hemerobius inconspicuus McLachlan. 1868; 177. 
COLOMA Navas. 1915a: 129. 

Type species: Megalomus marmoratipennis 
Blanchard in Gay. 1851: 127. original designa- 
tion. Coloma was considered a synonym of Sym- 
pherobius by Tjeder, 1961: 340. 
NEFASITUS Nivis, 1915a: 131. 

Type species: Sympherobius amicus Navas in 
Silveslri, [1915i] 1914-1915: 332, original desig- 
nation. Sympherobius amicus was considered a 
synonym of Sympherobius fallax Navas, 1908: 
408, by H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 
229. Nefasitus was considered a synonym of 
Sympherobius by Tjeder, 1961: 340. 



OSWALD AND PENNY: NEUROPTERA. MEGALOPTERA, AND RAPHIDIOPTERA 



57 



EUROBIUS KriigcT, 1922c: 171. 

Type species: Hemerobius elegans Stephens, 
1836: 113 (as "elegans Steph."), original desig- 
nation. Eurobitis was considered a synonym of 
Sympherobius by Carpenter, 1940: 268. 
LACHLANIUS Kriiger, 1922c: 171. 

Type species: Hemerobius inconspicuus 
McLachlan, 1868: 177 (as "inconspicuus Mc 
Lachl."), original designation. Hemerobius in- 
conspicuus was considered a synonym of 
Hemerobius fuscescens WiWengien, 1863: 22, by 
H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel. 1980: 230. 
Lachlanius was considered a synonym of Sym- 
pherobius (Niremberge) by H. Aspock, U. 
Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 230. 
■*-*-NEPHASITUS; Navas, [1927e] 1926: 97. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Nefasitus. 
SYMPHEROMIMA Kimmins. 1928: 363. 

Type species: Sympheromima marginata 
Kimmins, 1928: 363, original designation. Sym- 
pheromima was considered a synonym of Sym- 
pherobius by Oswald, 1988: 393. 
■^■■^■SYMPHEROBIMA; Nakahara, 1960: 5. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Sympheromima. 
+-^LACHLANUS: Kuwayama, 1962: 359. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Lachlanius. 
+-t-SYMPHOROBIUS; Deyrup and Deyrup, 1978: 
146. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Sympherobius. 
■>-+LOCHLANIUS; Yang, 1980: 87. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Lachlanius. 
SYMPHEROMIMA Kimmins, 1928. See Sympherobius 

Banks, 1904. 
++SYMPHOROBJUS, misspelling. See Sympherobius 

Banks, 1904. 
SYMPHRASIS Hagen, 1877. See Trichoscelia Westwood, 

1852. 
SYNCLISIS Fraser, 1951a: 350. MYR: ACAN 

Type species: Synclisis dementi Fraser, 
1951a: 351, original designation. A junior hom- 
onym of Synclisis Navas, 1919b: 218, - Insecta: 
Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae. There is no objec- 
tive replacement name. 
SYNCLISIS Navas, 1919b: 218. MYR: ACAN 

Type species: Acanthaclisis baetica Rambur, 
1842: 379, original designation. 
SYNGENES Kolbe, 1897: 15. MYR: ACAN 

Type species: Acanthaclisis debilis Gerstaec- 
ker, [1888] 1887: 100, monotypy. 
ONCLUS Navas, 1912g [February]: 53. 

Type species: Myrmeleon horridus Walker, 
1853: 336 (as "Onclus horridus Wlk."), subse- 
quent designation by Navas, 1912b [June]: 167. 
Onclus was considered a synonym of Syngenes 
by Stange and Miller, 1985: 29. 
SYNTIIOCHRYSA Needham, 1909: 202. CHR: APON 
Type species: Hemerobius stigma Girard, 
1862: 609, original designation. Hemerobius 
stigma Girard, 1862, is a junior primary hom- 
onym of Hemerobius stigma Stephens, 1836: 
112. The objective replacement name is H. 
montrouzieri Girard, 1862: 611. 
++SYSIRA, misspelling. See Sisyra Burmeisier, 1839. 
TAFANERUS Navas, [1921b] 1919: 62. 

MYR: MYRN: MYRI 

Type species: Tafanerus indicus Navas, 

[1921b] 1919: 63, by the following original des- 



ignation: "El tipo es la especie siguiente. [next 
line] 5. Tafanerus indicus sp. nov." 
TAHULUS Navas, 1912. See Pseudoformicaleo Van der 

Weele, 1909. 
TALOSUS Navas. 1923b: 35. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Talosus oberthuri Navas, 
1923b: 35, monotypy. 
TANCA Navas, 1929. See Mi<:romi« Rambur, 1842. 
TEULA Navas, 1930. See Euroleon Esben-Petersen, 

[1919] 1918-1919. 
THAUMATOLEON Esben-Petersen, 1921: 127. 

MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Thaumatoleon splendidus 

Esben-Petersen, 1921: 127, original designation. 

THAUMATOSMYLUS Kriiger, 1913: 89. OSM: SPIN 

Type species: Osmylus diaphanus Gerstaec- 

ker, [1894] 1893: 168 (as "diaphanus 

Gerslacker"), original designation. 

THECOSEMIDALIS Meinander, 1972b: 135. 

CON: CONN 
Type species: Thecosemidalis biacuta 
Meinander, 1972b: 136, original designation. 
THELEPROCTOPHYLLA Rambur, 1842. See 

Deleproctophylla Lefebvre, 1842. 
THERISTRIA Gerstaecker. [1885a] 1884: 43. 

MAN: DREN 
Type species: Theristria felina Gerstaecker, 
[1885a] 1884: 44, subsequent designation by En- 
deriein, 1910a: 368. 
VEURA Navas, 1927b: 27. 

Type species: Veura debetazi Navas, 1927b: 
28, monotypy. Veura debetazi was considered a 
synonym of Theristria hillieri Navas, 1914j: 98, 
by Lambkin, 1986a: 69. Veura was considered a 
synonym of Theristria by Lambkin, 1986a: 38. 
THERISTRIELLA Esben-Petersen, 1929a: 34. 

Type species: Theristriella stigma Esben- 
Petersen, 1929a: 35, original designation. The- 
ristriella was considered a synonym of Theristria 
by Lambkin, 1986a: 38. 
THERISTRIELLA Esben-Petersen, 1929. See Theristria 

Gerstaecker, [1885] 1884. 
THYRIDOSMYLUS Kriiger, 1913: 87. OSM: SPIN 

Type species: Osmylus langii McLachlan, 
1870: 197, original designation. 
CENTROLYSMUS Navas, 1917a: 15. NEW 
SYNONYMY 

Type species: Osmylus perspicillaris 
Gerstaecker, [1885a] 1884: 46, original designa- 
tion. Incorrect type species designation by 
Kimmins, 1942: 854, of Centrolysmus epiphanes 
Navas, 1917a: 16. Kimmins considered O. per- 
spicillaris (the type species of Centrolysmus) to 
be congeneric with O. langii (the type species of 
Thyridosmylus) but, citing the wrong type spe- 
cies for Centrolysmus, did not synonymize the 
two genera. 
THYSANOCROCE Withycombe, 1923a: 276. 

NEM: CRON 
Type species: Croce damarae McLachlan, 
1898b: 170 (as "Thysanocroce damarae 
McLachlan"), original designation. 
TIBETOCHRYSA Yang, 1988: 204 (not seen). 

CHR 
Type species: Tibetochrysa sinica Yang, 
1988: 204, 212 (not seen), original designation. 
TJEDERIA Mansell, 1977: 195. NEM: CRON 



58 



Type species: Tjederia namaquensis Mansell, 
1977: 197, original designation. 
TJEDERINA Holzel, 1970. See Peyerimhoffina Lacroix, 

1920. 
TMESIBASIS McLachlan, [1871] 1873: 242. 

ASC: HAPN 
Type species: Ascalaphus laceratus Hagen, 
1853: 481, monotypy. 
++TOLMERON Hagen, 1866a: 461. CHR 

Name unavailable, having been treated as in- 
valid when first published after 1758 and never 
having been made available by having been 
adopted as the valid name of a genus-group taxon 
or treated as a senior homonym. Articles lid and 
lie. Included species: None. 
TOMATARELLA Kimmins, 1952c: 34. MYR: PALN 
Type species: Tomatarella markli Kimmins, 
1952c: 34, original designation. 
TOMATARES Hagen, 1866a: 372, 461. MYR: PALN 
Type species: Myrmeleon compositus 
Walker, 1853: 397, subsequent designation by 
Ghosh, 1984: 14, who designated Myrmeleon 
pardalis Fabricius, 1781: 398, a name not origi- 
nally included in Tomatares, but at the same time 
placed M. pardalis as a synonym of the origi- 
nally included species M. compositus. Article 
69a(v). Myrmeleon compositus was considered a 
synonym of Af . pardalis Fabricius, 1781: 398, by 
Ghosh, 1984: 14. 
++TOMATERES: McLachlan, [1867a] 1868: 274. 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of Tomatares. 
++TOMATERES, misspelling. See Tomatares Hagen, 

1866. 
TOOLIDA Lambkin, 1986b: 36. MAN: MANN 

Type species: Toolida infrequens Lambkin, 
1986b: 38, original designation. 
TRIADOCHRYSA Adams, 1978. See Mallada Navas, 

1925. 
TRICHOBEROTHA Handschin, 1935: 701. BER: BERN 
Type species: Trichoberotha ferruginea 
Handschin, 1935: 701, monotypy. 
TRICHOCERCUS Insom and Carfi, [1989a] 1988: 76. 

MYR: PALN 
Type species: Palpares walkeri var. 
reticulatus Stitz, [1912] 1912-1913: 108 (as 
"Palpares reticulatus Stilz"), original designa- 
tion. A junior homonym of Trichocercus Cuvier 
1800: unpaginated foldoul entitled "Neuvieme et 
Dernier Tableau", -Rotifer). There is no objec- 
tive replacement name. 
TRICHOLEON Esben-Petersen, 1925b: 334. 

MYR: MYRN: DENI 
Type species: Tricholeon hirtellus Esben- 
Pelersen, 1925b: 335, monotypy. 
TRICHOMA Tillyard, 1916a: 325. BER: BERN 

Type species: Trichoma gracilipenne Till- 
yard, 1916a: 325, original designation. 
TRICHOSCELIA Westwood, 1852: 270. MAN: SYMN 
Type species: Mantispa (Trichoscelia) 
fenella Westwood, 1852: 269 (as "Tr. fenella 
Westw. 1852"), subsequent designation by En- 
derlein, 1910a: 376. Trichoscelia was originally 
proposed as a subgenus of Mantispa Illiger in 
Kugelann, 1798. 
+-i-TRlCHOSCEUS: Hagen, 1861: 323. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Trichoscelia. 
SYMPHRASIS Hagen, 1877: 208. 



Type species: Raphidia varia Walker, 1853: 
212 (as "S. varia Walk. 1853"), subsequent des- 
ignation by Enderlein, 1910a: 374. Symphrasis 
was considered a synonym of Trichoscelia by 
Penny, 1982a: 214. 
++SYMPHASIS; Banks, 1903a: 239. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Symphrasis. 
++TRICHOSCELIS, misspelling. See Trichoscelia 

Westwood, 1852. 
++TRIODOCHRYSA, misspelling. See Mallada Navas, 

1925. 
TRIPLOCHRYSA Kimmins, 1952b: 69. CHR: NOTN 
Type species: Triplochrysa pallida Kimmins, 
1952b: 69, original designation. 
TUBERONOTHA Handschin, 1961: 282. MAN: MANN 
Type species: Mantispa strenua Gerstaecker, 
[1894] 1893: 150, original designation. 
TUMEOCHRYSA Needham, 1909: 204. 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 
Type species: Tumeochrysa indica Needham, 
1909: 204, original designation. 
CHRYSOPLECTA Navas, 1910g: 55. 

Type species: Chrysoplecta immaculata 
Navas, 1910g: 56, monotypy. Chrysoplecta was 
considered a synonym of Tumeochrysa by Banks, 
1940: 187. 
TURNEROCHRYSA Kimmins, 1935a: 576. 

CHR: CHRN: BELI 
Type species: Turnerochrysa mirifica 
Kimmins, 1935a: 577, monotypy. 
TYTTIIOLEON Adams, [1957b] 1956: 106. 

MYR: MYRN: BRAI 
Type species: Tyttholeon puerilis Adams, 
[1957b] 1956: 107, monotypy. 
ULULA Rambur, 1842. See Ululodes Currie in Smith, 

[1900] 1899. 
ULULODES Currie in Smith, [1900] 1899: 57. 

ASC: ASCN 
Type species: Type species not yet fixed. Ap- 
parently still without a valid type species selec- 
tion. Originally included species: Ascalaphus 
hyalinus Latreille in Humbolt and Bonpland, 
[1817] 1811: 118, and Ascalaphus 
quadripunctatus Burmeister, 1839: 1001 (as "(/. 
4-punctatus Burm."). Incorrect type species des- 
ignation by Navas, 1913b: 70, of Ascalaphus 
macleayanus Guilding, 1825: 140, a name not 
originally included in Ululodes and not linked by 
Navas with one of the originally included names. 
Note: Many previous authors appear to have 
regarded Ululodes as a new replacement name 
(nomen novum) for the preoccupied name Ulula 
Rambur, 1842. This interpretation seems in error. 
Ululodes was not proposed expressly to replace 
Ulula and no link between the two names can be 
found in the original publication of Ululodes. 
ULULA Rambur, 1842: 357. 

Type species: Ascalaphus senex Burmeister, 
1839: 1001 (as "U. senex Burm. Ramb."), subse- 
quent designation by Blanchard in d'Orbigny, 
[1848] 1849: 756. Ascalaphus senex was consid- 
ered a synonym of Ascalaphus macleayanus 
Guilding, 1825: 140, by Shetlar, 1977: 112 [un- 
published dissertation]. A junior homonym of 
Ulula Cuvier, 1817: 329, - Aves. There is no 
objective replacement name. 



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59 



Note: Though a type species has not yet been 
fixed for Ululodes, both of its originally included 
species have long been considered congeneric 
with A. senex, the type species of Ulula Rambur, 
1842, for example see Van der Weele, [1909a] 
1908, and Shetlar, 1977. On this basis, Ulula 
Rambur, 1842, is listed here as a synonym of Ul- 
ulodes. See also note above under Ululodes 
Currie in Smith, [1900] 1899). 
++VLULODES; Navas, 1915a: 124. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Ululodes. 
++ULULOIDES; Froeschner, 1947: 129. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Ululodes. 
++ULULOIDES, misspelling. See Ululodes Currie in 

Smith, [1900] 1899. 
UMBRACSA New, 1984a: 45. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Umbracsa amarilla New, 
1984a: 45, original designation. 
UMBRANYMPHES New, 1987: 813. NYM 

Type species: Umbranymphes spinosus New, 
1987: 814, original designation. 
LNGLA Navas, 1914e [October]: 224 

CHR: CHRN: CHRI 
Type species: Ungia annulata Navas, 1914e: 
224, monotypy. 

Note: The specimen of Ungla annulata origi- 
nally described by Navas has been shown by 
Adams, 1975: 168, to be a composite specimen 
consisting of a chrysopid whose legs are grasping 
the leg of a myrmeleontid. Citing Article 1 of the 
Code (1964) and the composite description of 
Ungla annulata, Adams mistakenly excluded the 
name Ungla from the domain of Zoological No- 
menclature. Article 17(2) of the Code (1964) 
states that an original description relating to 
parts of animals belonging to more than one 
taxon does not by itself prevent the availability 
of a species-group name. Thus, the species-group 
name annulata Navas is available; and under Ar- 
ticles 12 and 16(a)(v) of the 1964 Code, the 
genus-group name Ungla is also available. This 
interpretation is consistent with Article 17(1) of 
the current Code (1985). 
+ + VULGA; Zoological Record (Insecta), 1914: 273. 

An incorrect subsequent spelling of Ungla. 
++VUGLA; Neave, [1940] 1939-1940, 4: 648. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Ungla. 
UROLEON BiiucT, 1900. See Macronemurus Costa, 

1855. 
VAJA Navas, 1925. See Notiobiella Banks, 1909. 
VALIGNANUS Navas, 1913e: 494. MYR: PALN 

Type species: Valignanus scotti Navas, 
1913e: 495, monotypy. 
++VELIGNANUS; Zoological Record (Insecta), 

1913: 398. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Valignanus. 
VARNIA Walker, 1860: 182. ITH 

Type species: Varnia perloidcs Walker, 1860: 
182, monotypy. 
NESPRA Navas, 1914b: 478. 

Type species: Nespra implexa Navas, 1914b: 
478, monotypy. Nespra was considered a syn- 
onym of Varnia by Riek, 1974: 50. Nespra was 
originally placed in the Osmylidae; it transferred 
to the Ithonidae by Tillyard, 1919a: 416. 
VARTIANA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1965b: 21. 

CON: ALEN 



Type species: Vartiana necopinata H. 
Aspock and U. Aspock, 1965b: 22, original des- 
ignation. 
VASQUEZIUS Navas, [1914] 1913-1914. See Suarius 

Navas, [1914] 1913-1914. 
■v+V ELI ON ANUS, misspelling. See Valignanus Navas, 

1913. 
VELLA Navas, 1913n: 46. MYR: ACAN 

Type species: Myrmeleon fallax Rambur, 
1842: 385 (as "Vella fallax Ramb."), original 
designation. 
GRYPOPLECTRON Esben-Petersen, 1928d: 75. 

Type species: Myrmeleon americanus Drury, 
1773: names for plate XLVI, original designa- 
tion. Grypoplectron (as ■*-+Gyroplectron) was 
considered a synonym of Vella by Stange and 
Miller. 1985: 39. 
++GYROPLECTRON; Stange and Miller, 1985: 39. 
An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Grypoplectron. 
+ + VELLASA, misspelling. See Vellassa Navas, 1924. 
VELLASSA Navas, 1924a: 218. MYR: ACAN 

Type species: Vellassa maunieri Navas, 
1924a: 218, monotypy. 
++VELLASA; Zoological Record (Insecta), 1925: 
376. An incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Vellassa. 
VENACSA New, 1984a: 6. ASC: ASCN 

Type species: Venacsa bicostalls New, 1984a: 
7, original designation. 
VERTICILLECERUS Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 

54. ASC: HAPN 

Type species: Vertlclllecerus gerstaeckeri 
Van der Weele, [1909a] 1908: 54, monotypy. 
++WERTICILLECERUS; Williner, 1945: 428. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Verticillecerus. 
VESSA Navas, 1931c: 265. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Vessa guttata Navas, 1931c: 
266, monotypy. 
VEURA Navas, 1927. See Theristria Gerstaecker, [1885] 

1884. 
VEURISE Navas, 1927d: 3. NEM: CRON 

Type species: Veurise bruchi Navas, 1927d: 
4, monotypy. 
VIEIRA Navas, 1913i: 152. CHR: CHRN: LEUI 

Type species: Leucochrysa leschenaulti 
Navas, 191 Id: 279 (as "Vieira leschenaulti 
Nav."), monotypy. 
VINGA Navas, 1928d: 31. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Vinga lovenia Navas, 1928d: 
32, monotypy. 
VISCA Navas, 1927b: 18. MYR: MYRN 

Type species: Visca mutlla Navas, 1927b: 20, 
monotypy. 
++VLULODES, misspelling. See Ululodes Currie in 

Smith, [1900] 1899. 
VOLTOR Navas, [1935c] 1934: 48. 

MYR: MYRN: DENl 
Type species: Glenurus sylphis Van dor 
Weele, 1907a: 269, original designation. 
++VUGLA, misspelling. See Ungla Navas, 1914. 
+ + VULGA, misspelling. See Ungla Navas, 1914. 
WALTHORNIA Navas, 1927. See Croce McLachlan, 

1885. 
WEELEUS Navas, 1912b: 172. MYR: MYRN: MYRI 



60 



Type species: Myrmeleon acutus Walker, 
1853: 377 (as "acutus Walk."), original designa- 
tion. 
++WEELIUS, Banks. 1924: 435. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Weeleus. 
++WEELWS, misspelling. See Weeleus Navas, 1912. 
WERNZIA Navas, 1912. See Psychopsis Newman, 1842. 
++WERTJCILLECERUS, misspelling. See Verticillecerus 

Van der Weele, [1909] 1908. 
WESMAELIUS KrUger, 1922c: 170. HEM 

Type species: Hemerobius concinnus Ste- 
phens, 1836: 106 (as "concinnus Steph."), origi- 
nal designation. The original spelling of the 
generic name, Wesmaelius, has been corrected to 
Wesmaelius, a mandatory change under Article 
32d(i)(2). 
(KIMMINSIA) KiUington, 1937: 254. 

Type species: Hemerobius betulinus Str0m, 
1788: 387, original designation. H. Aspock, U. 
Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 409, list H. betulinus 
Str0m, 1788, as a nomen dubium and the H. 
betulinus sensu later authors as conspecific with 
H. nervosus Fabricius, 1793: 85 (for additional 
discussion see Tjeder, 1941: 28-29). Incorrect 
type species designation by Tjeder, 1941: 28, of 
Hemerobius nervosus Fabricius, 1793: 85. 
Kimminsia was considered a subgenus of 
Wesmaelius by Klimaszewski and Kevan, 1987: 
160. 
XANTHOLEON Tillyard. 1916b: 61. 

MYR: MYRN: DISI 
Type species: Xantholeon helmsi Tillyard, 
1916b: 61, original designation. 
CATALEON Navas, 1933e: 34. 

Type species: Cataleon gratiosus Navas, 
1933e: 35, original designation. Cataleon 
gratiosus was considered a synonym of 
Xantholeon helmsi Tillyard, 1916b: 61, the type 
species of Xantholeon Tillyard, 1916, by New, 
1985c: 10. 
XAVIERA Lambkin, 1986b: 33. MAN: MANN 

Type species: Mantispa manca Gerstaecker, 
[1885a] 1884: 39, original designation. 
XEROCONIOPTERYX Meinander, 1972. See 

Coniopteryx (Xeroconiopteryx) Meinander, 
1972. 
YUMACHRYSA Banks, 1950: 51. CHR: CHRN: CHRI 
Type species: Chrysopa apache Banks, 
1938c: 120, original designation. Yumachrysa 
was originally proposed as a subgenus of 
Chrysopa Leach in Brewster, 1815. 
YUNLEON Yang, 1986: 425. MYR 

Type species: Yunleon longicorpus Yang, 
1986: 425, original designation. 
ZACHOBIELLA Banks, 1920: 335. HEM 

Type species: Zachobiella punctata Banks, 
1920: 335, original designation. 
ZYGOPHLEBIUS Navas, 1910b: 82. PSY 

Type species: Zygophlebius leoninus Navas, 
1910b: 83, subsequent designation by Navas, 
[1917e] 1915: 200, who designated Psychopsis 
zebra Brauer, 1889: 102, a name not originally 
included in Zygophlebius, but at the same lime 
placed the originally included species Z. leoninus 
(as subspecies leonina) as a synonym of P. 
zebra. Article 69a (v) (for additional discussion 
see Oswald 1989a). Zygophlebius leoninus was 



considered a synonym of Psychopsis zebra 
Brauer, 1889: 102, by Tjeder, 1960: 194. Incor- 
rect type species designation by Tillyard, 1919b: 
760, of Zygophlebius verreauxinus Navas, 
1910b: 84. 

NOTOPSYCHOPS Tillyird, 1919b: 759. 

Type species: Psychopsis zebra Brauer, 1889: 
102, original designation. Notopsychops was 
considered a synonym of Zygophlebius by Os- 
wald, 1989a: 139. 

PSYCHOMORPHE KrUger, 1922a: 44. 

Type species: Psychopsis zebra Brauer, 1889: 
102, original designation. Psychomorphe was 
considered a synonym of Zygophlebius by Os- 
wald, 1989a: 139. 

++NOTHOPSYCHOPS; Tjeder, 1960: 173. An 

incorrect subsequent spelling of Notopsychops. 



GENUS-GROUP NAMES OF THE ORDER 
MEGALOPTERA 

Abbreviations Used for Family-Group Names 

CHAN 

COR Corydalidae 

CORN Corydalinae 

SIA Sialidae 

ACANTHACORYDALIS Van der Weele, 1907b: 228. 

COR: CORN 
Type species: Corydalus asiatica Wood-Mason, 1884: 
110, subsequent designation by Glorioso, 1981: 281. 
The incorrect spelling of the generic name of the type 
species by Wood-Mason as ++Corydalis has been cor- 
rected to Corydalus. 
ALLOHERMES Lestage, 1927. See Protohermes Van der 

Weele, 1907. 
ANACHAULIODES Kimmins, 1954: 427. COR: CHAN 
Type species: Anachauliodes tonkinicus 
Kimmins, 1954: 428, original designation. 
APOCHAULIODES Theischinger, 1983. See 

Archichauliodes (Apochauliodes) Theischinger, 
1983. 
ARCHICHAULIODES Van der Weele, 1909c: 257. 

COR: CHAN 
Type species: Hermes dubitatus Walker, 
1853: 204, original designation (as "Ch. 
dubitatus Wlk."). Incorrect type species desig- 
nation by Kimmins, 1938b: 357, of "Hermes 
diversus Walker [1853: 204] (= Archichauliodes 
dubitatus Weele partim nee Walker)". Kimmins, 
1938b: 356-358, indicates that the 
Archichauliodes dubitatus of Van der Weele, 
1909, is a misidentification (of Hermes dubitatus 
Walker, 1853) conspecific with Hermes diversus 
Walker, 1953. This is a case of a misidentified 
type species which should be referred to the 
Commission under Article 70b. 
AUSTROCHAULIODES Riek, 1954: 137. 

Type species: Hermes dubitatus Walker, 
1853: 204, original designation. Aus- 
trochauliodes is a synonym of Archichauliodes 
Van der Weele, 1909. Theischinger, 1983:92, in- 
dicates that the Austrochauliodes dubitatus of 
Riek, 1954, is a misidentification (of Hermes 
dubitatus Walker, 1853) conspecific with Pro- 
tochauliodes biconicus Kimmins, 1954: 443. See 



OSWALD AND PENNY: NEUROPTERA. MEGALOPTERA. AND RAPfflDIOPTERA 



61 



also Kimmins' (1954: 444) note to this effect. 
This is a case of a misidentified type species 
which should be referred to the Commission 
under Article 70b. Austrochauliodes was consid- 
ered a synonym of Prolochauliodes by The- 
ischinger, 1983: 92, using Prolochauliodes 
biconicus Kimmins, 1954, as type. Given the 
present uncertainty of which species should be 
considered type of Austrochauliodes , this synon- 
ymy cannot be maintained with confidence and 
Austrochauliodes is here considered a synonym 
oi Archichauliodes. The taxonomic status of Aits- 
trochauliodes should be reevaluated after the 
type species of Archichauliodes and Aus- 
trochauliodes have been clarified. 
(APOCHAULIODES) Theischinger. 1983: 80. 

Type species: Archichauliodes (Apoc- 
hauliodes) cervulus Theischinger, 1983: 80, 
original designation. Apochauliodes was origi- 
nally proposed as a subgenus of Archichauliodes 
Van der Weele, 1909. The taxonomic status of 
Apochauliodes should be reevaluated after the 
type species of Archichauliodes has been clari- 
fied. 

AUSTROCHAULIODES Riek, 1954. See Archichauliodes 
{Archichauliodes) Van der Weele, 1909. 

AUSTROSIALIS Tillyard, 1919c: 821. SIA 

Type species: Austrosialis ignicollis Tillyard, 
1919c: 823, original designation. 

++CHAULEODES, misspelling. See Chauliodes 
Latreille, 1796. 

CHAULIODES Latreille, 1796: 102. COR: CHAN 

Type species: Hemerobius pectinicornis 
Linnaeus, 1763: 412, subsequent monotypy in 
Latreille, 1802: 290. 
CHAULIODUS Billberg, 1820: 95. An unjustified 
emendation of Chauliodes Latreille, 1796. An 
incorrect original transliteration or latinization 
does not constitute an incorrect original 
spelling. Article 32c(ii), and is therefore not 
justifiable grounds for an emendation. 
++CHAULEODES; Goldberger, 1852: 39. An 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Chauliodes. 

CHAULIODUS Billberg, 1820. See Chauliodes Latreille, 
1796. 

CHLORONIA Banks, 1908c: 30. COR: CORN 

Type species: Hermes corripiens Walker, 
1860: 180, subsequent designation by Van der 
Weele 1909c: 252. Chloronia was originally 
proposed as a subgenus of Nevromus Rambur, 
1842. 

CHLORONIELLA Esben-Petersen, 1924: 151. 

COR: CORN 
Type species: Chloroniella peringueyi Esben- 
Petersen, 1924: 152, original designation. 

CORYDALIA, BiUherg, 1820. See Corytfa/uj Latreille, 
1802. 

++CORYDALIS, misspelling. See Corydalus Latreille, 
1802. 

++CORYDALIUM, misspelling. See Corydalus Latreille, 
1802. 

CORYDALUS Latreille, 1802: 290. COR: CORN 

Type species: Hemerobius cornutus 
Linnaeus, 1758:551, monotypy. 
++CORYDALIS; Latreille, 1805:44. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Corydalus. 



++CORYDALIUM; Oken, 1815:856. An incorrect 

subsequent spelling of Corydalus. 
CORYDAUA; Billberg 1820:95. An unjustified 
emendation of Corydalus Latreille, 1802 or 
■t-+Corydalis of Latreille, 1805. An incorrect 
original transliteration or latinization does not 
constitute an incorrect original spelling. Article 
32c(ii), and is therefore not justifiable grounds 
for an emendation. 
CTENOCHAULIODES Van der Weele, 1909c:257. 

COR: CHAN 
Type species: Chauliodes nigrovenosus Van 
der Weele, 1907b:257, original designation. 
DOERINGIA Navas, 1925. See Platyneuromus Van der 

Weele, 1909. 
DYSMICOHERMES Munroe, 1953:191. COR: CHAN 
Type species: Chauliodes disjunctus 
[Walker] in Lord, 1866:334, original designation. 
HAPLOSIALIS Navas, 1927b:31. SIA 

Type species: Protosialis madegassa Navas, 
1927b:30, original designation (as "//. 
madegassa"). 
HERMES Gray in Cuvier, 1832. See Neurhermes Navas, 

1915. 
ILYOBIUS Enderlein, 1910. See Protosialis Van der 

Weele, 1909. 
INDOSIALIS Lestage, 1927:118. SIA 

Type species: Protosialis minora Banks, 
1920a:325, monotypy. 
++LEPTASIALIS, misspelling. See Leptosialis 

Esben-Petersen, 1920. 
LEPTOCHAULIODES Esben-Petersen, 1924:157. 

COR: CHAN 
Type species: Chauliodes tenuis McLachlan, 
1869b:38, original designation. Incorrect type 
species designation by Kimmins, 1930:665, of 
Leptochauliodes esbenpeterseni Kimmins, 
1930:663. Leptochauliodes esbenpeterseni is a 
nomen novum for the Leptochauliodes tenuis of 
Esben-Petersen, 1924:157. The original spelling 
of the specific name as "esben-peterseni" has 
been corrected to "esbenpeterseni" in accordance 
with article 31d(iv). Kimmins, 1930:665, indi- 
cates that the Leptochauliodes tenuis of Esben- 
Petersen, 1924, is a misidentification (of 
Chauliodes tenuis McLachlan, 1869) for which 
he proposed the new name L. esbenpeterseni 
Kimmins, 1930. This is a case of a misidentified 
type species which should be referred to the 
Commission under Article 70b. 
LEPTOSIALIS Esben-Petersen, 1920c:502. SIA 

Type species: Leptosialis africana Esben- 
Petersen, 1920c:502, original designation. 
++LEPTASIALIS; Friedrich, 1953:118. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Leptosialis. 
MADACHAULIODES Paulian, 1951:59. COR: CHAN 
Type species: Madachauiiodes torrentialis 
Paulian, 1951:60, original designation. 
METACHAULIODES Van der Weele, 1910. See 
Parachauliodes Van der Weele, 1909. 
NEOCHAULIODES Van der Weele, 1909c:257. 

COR: CHAN 
Type species: Chauliodes sinensis Walker, 
1853: 199, subsequent designation by Van der 
Weele, 1910: 60 (as "Neochauliodes sinensis 
(Walker)"). See also discussion under Pro- 
tohermes Van der Weele, 1907. 



62 



NEOHERMES Banks, 1908c: 29. COR: CHAN 

Type species: Chauliodes filicornis Banks, 

1903a: 238, original designation. Incorrect type 

species designation by Van der Weele, 1910: 52, 

oi Chauliodes californicus Walker, 1853: 199. 

NEONEUROMUS Van der Weele, 1909c: 251. 

COR: CORN 
Type species: Neuromus fenestralis 
McLachlan, 1869b: 42, subsequent designation 
by Van der Weele. 1910: 24. 
NEURHERMES Navas, 1915c: 391. COR: CORN 

Type species: Chauliodes maculipennis Gray 
in Cuvier, 1832: 332, monotypy {oi Hermes Gray 
in Cuvier, 1832). Neurherm.es was proposed as 
the objective replacement name for Hermes Gray 
in Cuvier, 1832. 
HERMES Gray in Cuvier, 1832: 332. 

Type species: Chauliodes maculipennis Gray 
in Cuvier, 1832: 332, monotypy. A junior hom- 
onym oi Hermes Denys de Montfort, 1810: 398- 
Mollusca: Gastropoda. The objective replacement 
name is Neurhermes Navas, 1915. 
++NEUROMUS, misspelling. See Nevromus Rambur, 

1842. 
NEVROMUS Rambur, 1842: 441. COR: CORN 

Type species: Nevromus testaceus Rambur, 
1842: 442, subsequent designation by Van der 
Weele, 1906: 210 (as "Neuromus [sic] testaceus 
Rambur."). 
++NEUROMUS; Walker, 1853: 201 (in Hermes 

synonymy). A incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Nevromus. 
NIGRONIA Banks, 1908c: 30. COR: CHAN 

Type species: Chauliodes serricornis Say in 
Keating, 1824: 307, subsequent designation by 
Van der Weele, 1910: 70. 
NIPPONOSIALIS Kuwayama, 1962: 329. SIA 

Type species: Sialis jezoensis Okamoto, 
1910c: 258, original designation. 
NOTHOCHAULIODES Flint, 1983: 15. COR: CHAN 
Type species: Nothochauliodes penal Flint, 
1983: 17, original designation. 
OROHERMES Evans, 1984: 1. COR: CHAN 

Type species: Dysmicohermes crepusculus 
Chandler, 1954: 107, original designation. 
PARACHAULIODES Van der Weele, 1909c: 257. 

COR: CHAN 
Type species: Chauliodes japonlcus 
McLachlan, [1867a] 1868: 232, original designa- 
tion. 
METACHAUUODES Van der Weele, 1910: 46. 

Type species: Chauliodes japonlcus 
McLachlan, [1867a] 1868: 232, monotypy (as 
"Metachauliodes japonlcus"). Metachaullodes is 
a synonym of Parachaullodes Van der Weele, 
1909. 
PLATYCHAULIODES Esben-Petersen, 1924: 155. 

COR: CHAN 
Type species: Chauliodes pusillus 
McLachlan, [1867a] 1868: 231, original designa- 
tion. 
PLATYNEUROMUS Van der Weele, 1909c: 250. 

COR: CORN 
Type species: Corydalus soror Hagen, 1861: 
193, original designation (as "Corydalls [sic] 
soror Hagen"). 
DOERINGIA Navas, 1925f: 207. 



Type species: Doeringia christel Navas, 
1925f: 209, monotypy. Doeringia was consid- 
ered a synonym of Platyneuromus by Glorioso, 
1981: 282. 

PROTOCHALLIODES Van der Weele, 1909c: 257. 

COR: CHAN 
Type species: Chauliodes cinerascens 
Blanchard in Gay, 1851: 134, original designa- 
tion. 

PROTOHERMES Van der Weele, 1907b: 243. 

COR: CORN 
Type species: Hermes anticus Walker, 1853: 
205, original designation (as "N. [sic] anticus 
Walk."). Incorrect type species designation by 
Kimmins, [1949] 1948: 765 of "Protohermes 
anticus Weele, 1907 nee Walker, 1853 (= 
Hermes costalls Walker, 1853)". Kimmins, 
[1949] 1948: 765, indicates: (1) that the Pro- 
tohermes anticus of Van der Weele, 1907, is a 
misidentification (of Hermes anticus Walker, 
1853) conspecific with Hermes costalls Walker, 
1853, and (2) that Hermes anticus Walker, 1853, 
is conspecific with Chauliodes sinensis Walker, 
1853. Thus, (1) the type species o{ Protohermes 
was based on specimens misidentified as //. anti- 
cus Walker, 1853; this is a case of a misidenti- 
fied type species which should be referred to the 
Commission under Article 70b and (2) if the con- 
specificity of Hermes anticus and Chauliodes 
sinensis is upheld and H. anticus is recognized as 
the type of Protohermes, Neochaullodes Van der 
Weele, 1909 (Type species: Chauliodes sinensis 
Walker, 1853), will become a synonym of Pro- 
tohermes Van der Weele, 1907. The taxonomic 
status of Neochaullodes should be reevaluated 
after the type species of Protohermes has been 
clarified. 
ALLOHERMES Lestage, 1927: 100. 

Type species: Protohermes davidi Van der 
Weele, 1909c: 254, original designation. Al- 
lohermes was considered a synonym of Pro- 
tohermes by Glorioso, 1981: 275. This synonymy 
should be reevaluated after the type species of 
Protohermes has been confirmed. 

+-^PROTOSIAILS, misspelling. See Protoslalls Van der 
Weele, 1909. 

PROTOSIALIS Van der Weele, 1909c: 263. SIA 

Type species: Semblis amerlcanus Rambur, 
1842: 447, original designation. 
ILYOBWS Enderlein, 1910b: 381. 

Type species: Sialis riavicollis Enderlein, 
1910b: 380, original designation (as "/. 
flavlcollls"). Ilyoblus was considered a synonym 
oi Protoslalls by Penny, [1982c] 1981: 844. 
+-yP ROTO SI AILS; Penny, 1977: 9. An incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Protosialis. 

SIALIS Latreille, 1802: 290. SIA 

Type species: Ilemeroblus lutarius Linnaeus, 
1758: 550, monotypy (as "Semblis lutaria F. 
[sic]"). Note: In its Opinion 1596, the Interna- 
tional Commission on Zoological Nomenclature 
(1990b) used its plenary powers to suspend the 
rules to suppress an early type species designa- 
tion for the genus Semblis Fabricius, 1775: 305 
(Trichoptera), which would have rendered 
Semblis a senior objective synonym of Sialis. 

STENOSIALIS Tillyard, 1919c: 823. SIA 



OSWALD AND PENNY: NEUROPTERA. MEGALOPTERA. AND RAPHIDIOPTERA 



63 



Type species: Stenosialis australiensis Till- 
yard, 1919c :824, original designation. 
TAENIOCIIAULIODES Esben-Petersen. 1924: 153. 

COR: CHAN 
Type species: Taeniochauliodes oc- 
hraceopennis Esben-Petersen, 1924: 154, origi- 
nal designation. 



GENUS-GROUP NAMES OF THE ORDER 
RAPHIDIOPTERA 

Abbreviations Used for Family-Group Names 

INO Inocelliidae 

RAP Raphidiidae 

AFRICORAPHIDIA U. Aspock and H. Aspock. 1969: 

164. RAP 

Type species: Raphidia (Africoraphidia) 
africana U. Aspock and H. Aspock, 1969: 165, 
original designation. Africoraphidia was origi- 
nally proposed as a subgenus of Raphidia 
Linnaeus, 1758. 
AGULLA Navas, 1914g: 66. RAP 

Type species: Agulla bagnalli Navas, 1914g: 
67, monotypy. Agulla bagnalli was considered a 
synonym of Rhaphidia assimilis Albarda, 1891: 
144, by Carpenter, 1936: 127. Incorrect type 
species designation by Navas, [1919f] 1918: 26 
oi Rhaphidia assimilis Albarda, 1891 (as "Agulla 
assimilis Hag. [sic]"). 
(GLAVIA) Navas, 1916f: 5. 

Type species: Raphidia adnixa Hagen, 1861: 
195, original designation. Glavia was consid- 
ered a subgenus of Agulla by H. Aspock, 1986: 
19. 
ALATAUORAPIIIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 
1970: 58. See Mongoloraphidia 
{Alatauoraphidia) H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 
1970. 
ALENA Navas, 1916f: 510. RAP 

Type species: Raphidia distincta Banks, 
1911a: 338, original designation (as "Rhaphidia 
[sic] distincta Banks"). 
(MEXICORAPHIDIA) U. Aspock and H. Aspock, 
1970: 706. 

Type species: Raphidia americana Carpenter, 
[1959] 1958: 54, original designation. 
Mexicoraphidia was originally proposed as a 
subgenus of Raphidia Linnaeus, 1758. 
(AZTEKORAPHIDIA) U. Aspock and H. Aspock, 
1970: 709. 

Type species: Raphidia caudata Navas, 
1914s: 19, original designation. Aztekoraphidia 
was originally proposed as a subgenus of Raphi- 
dia Linnaeus, 1758. 
(SOMBRERORAPHIDIA) U. Aspock and H. 
Aspock, 1970: 712. 

Type species: Raphidia minuta Banks, 
1903a: 239, original designation. Sombreroraphi- 
dia was originally proposed as a subgenus of 
Raphidia Linnaeus, 1758. 
(ALIABERAPHIDIA) U. Aspock and H. Aspock, 
1970: 716. 

Type species: Raphidia australia 
Banks, 1895: 515, original designation. Al- 



iaberaphidia was originally proposed as a subge- 
nus of Raphidia Linnaeus, 1758. 
ALIABERAPHIDIA U. Aspock and H. Aspock, 1970. 

Sec Alena (Aliaberaphidia) U. Aspock and H. 

Aspock, 1970. 
AMURINOCELLIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1973. 

See Inocellia {Amurinocellia) H. Aspock and 

U. Aspock, 1973. 
ASERBEIDSHANORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. 

Aspock, 1968. See Raphidia 

(Aserbeidshanoraphidia) H. Aspock and U. 

Aspock, 1968. 
ATLANTORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 

1968a: 60. RAP 

Type species: Raphidia maculicollis Ste- 
phens, 1836: 131, original designation. 

Atlantoraphidia was originally proposed as a 

subgenus of Raphidia Linnaeus, 1758. 
AZTEKORAPHIDIA U. Aspock and H. Aspock, 1970. 

See Alena {Aztekoraphidia) U. Aspock and H. 

Aspock, 1970. 
BURCHA Navas, 1915. Sea Fibla Navas, 1915. 
BURESCHIELLA Popov, 1974. See Mongoloraphidia 

{Bureschiella) Popov, 1974. 
CAUCASGRAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 

1968. See Raphidia (Caucasoraphidia) H. 

Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968. 
CRASSGRAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968. 

See Phaeostigma {Crassoraphidia) H. Aspock 

and U. Aspock, 1968. 
DICHROSTIGMA Navas, 1909g: 144. RAP 

Type species: Rhaphidia flavipes Stein, 1863: 

416, subsequent designation by H. Aspock and 

U. Aspock, 1973b: 52. Dichrostigma was origi- 
nally proposed as a 'section' oi Raphidia 

Linnaeus, 1758. 
LESNA Navas, 1915c: 396. 

Type species: Rhaphidia adanana Albarda, 

1891: 138, original designation. Lesna was con- 
sidered a synonym of Dichrostigma by H. 

Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 95. 
ERMA Navas, 1918. See Plaeosiigma (Phaeostigma) 

Navas, 1909. 
ESTOCA Navas, [1919] 1918. See Inocellia {Estoca) 

Navas, [1919] 1918. 
FERGANORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 

1968. See Mongoloraphidia (Ferganoraphidia) 

H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968. 
FIBLA Navas, 1915e: 477. INO 

Type species: Fibia hesperica Navas, 1915e: 

477, original designation. 
BURCHA Navas, 1915e: 478. 

Type species: Inocellia maclachlani Albarda, 

1891: 162, original designation. Burcha was 

considered a synonym of Fibla by H. Aspock, U. 

Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 131. 
FLAVORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968. 

See Raphidia (Flavoraphidia) H. Aspock and 

U. Aspock, 1968. 
FORMOSORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 

1974. See Mongoloraphidia 

{Formosoraphidia) H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 

1974. 
GLAVIA Navas, 1916. See Agulla (Glavia) Navas, 

1916. 



64 



GRAECORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968. 
See Raphidia (Graecoraphidia) H. Aspock and 
U. Aspock, 1968. 

HARRAPHIDIA Steinmann, 1963: 188. RAP 

Type species: Harraphidia harpyia 
Steinmann, 1963: 188, original designation. 

HISPANORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 

1968a: 61. RAP 

Type species: Raphidia castellana Navas, 
1915h: 792, original designation. Hispanoraphi- 
dia was originally proposed as a subgenus of 
Raphidia Linnaeus, 1758. 

INDIANOINOCELLIA U. Aspock and H. Aspock, 

1970: 717. INO 

Type species: Inocellia pilicornis Carpenter, 
[1959J1958: 56, original designation. In- 
dianoinocellia was originally proposed as a sub- 
genus oi Inocellia Schneider, 1843. 

INOCELLIA Schneider, 1843: 84. INO 

Type species: Raphidia crassicornis 

Schummel, 1832: 15, monotypy. Inocellia was 

originally proposed as a subgenus of Raphidia 

Linnaeus, 1758. 

(ESTOCA) Navas, [1919f] 1918 :91. 

Type species: Estoca peyerimhofn Navas, 
[1919f] 1918: 92, monotypy. 
(REISSERELLA) H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1971: 
270. 

Type species: Inocellia (Reisserella) 
pasiphae H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1971: 271, 
original designation. Reisserella was originally 
described as a subgenus of Inocellia Schneider, 
1843. 
(AMURINOCELLIA) H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 
1973a: 91. 

Type species: Inocellia (Amurinocellia) 
calida H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1973a: 91, 
original designation. Amurinocellia was origi- 
nally proposed as a subgenus of Inocellia Schnei- 
der, 1843. 

IRANORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1975: 

17. RAP 

Type species: Raphidia wittmeri H. Aspock 
and U. Aspock, 1970b: 92, original designation. 
Iranoraphidia was originally proposed as a sub- 
genus oi Raphidia Linnaeus, 1758. 

ITALORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968a: 

60. RAP 

Type species: Rhaphidilla solariana Navas, 
1928e: 78, original designation. Italoraphidia 
was originally proposed as a subgenus of Raphi- 
dia Linnaeus, 1758. 

KASACHORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 

1968. See Mongoloraphidia {Kasachoraphidia) 
H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968. 

KIRGISORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968. 
See Mongoloraphidia (Kirgisoraphidia) H. 
Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968. 

LESNA Navas, 1915. Se& Dichrostigma Navas, 1909. 

MAGNORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968. 
See Raphidia {Magnoraphidia) H. Aspock and 
U. Aspock, 1968. 

MARTYNOVIELLA H. Aspock and U. Aspock. 1968. See 
Mongoloraphidia (Neomartynoviella) H. 
Aspock and U. Aspock, 1970. 

MAURORAPHIDIA H. Aspock, U. Aspock and 

Rausch, 1983a: 27. RAP 



Type species: Mauroraphidia maghrebina H. 
Aspock, U. Aspock and Rausch, 1983a: 28, orig- 
inal designation. 
MEXICORAPHIDIA U. Aspock and H. Aspock, 1970. 
See Alena (Mexicoraphidia) U. Aspock and H. 
Aspock, 1970. 
MIRORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock. 1968. 

See Raphidia (Miroraphidia) H. Aspock and U. 
Aspock, 1968. 
MONGOLORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 

1968a: 59. RAP 

Type species: Agulla sororcula H. Aspock 
and U. Aspock, 1967a: 226, original designation. 
Mongoloraphidia was originally proposed as a 
subgenus of Raphidia Linnaeus. 1758. 
(FERGANORAPHIDIA) H. Aspock and U. Aspock. 
1968b: 91. 

Type species: Raphidia pusillogenitalis H. 
Aspock, U. Aspock and Martynova, 1968: 89, 
original designation. Ferganoraphidia was orig- 
inally proposed as a subgenus of Raphidia 
Linnaeus, 1758. 
(KASACHORAPHIDIA) H. Aspock and U. Aspock. 
1968b: 91. 

Type species: Raphidia almaatensis H. 
Aspock, U. Aspock and Martynova, 1968: 88, 
original designation. Kasachoraphidia was orig- 
inally proposed as a subgenus of Raphidia 
Linnaeus, 1758. 
(KIRGISORAPHIDIA) H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 
1968b: 91. 

Type species: Raphidia monstruosa H. 
Aspock, U. Aspock and Martynova, 1968: 89, 
original designation. Kirgisoraphidia was origi- 
nally proposed as a subgenus of Raphidia 
Linnaeus, 1758. 
(ALATAUORAPHIDIA) H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 
1970a: 58. 

Type species: Raphidia zhiltzovae H. Aspock 
and U. Aspock, 1970a: 58, original designation. 
Alatauoraphidia was originally proposed as a 
subgenus oi Raphidia Linnaeus, 1758. 
(NEOMARTYNOVIELLA) H. Aspock and U. 
Aspock, 1970c: 208. 

Type species: Raphidia tshimganica H. 
Aspock, U. Aspock and Martynova, 1968: 89, 
original designation (oi Martynoviella H. Aspock 
and U. Aspock, 1968). Neomartynoviella was 
proposed as the objective replacement name for 
Martynoviella H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968. 
MARTYNOVIELLA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 
1968b: 91. 

Type species: Raphidia tshimganica H. 
Aspock, U. Aspock and Martynova. 1968: 89, 
original designation. A junior homonym of 
Martynoviella Tillyard, 1932: 17. The objective 
replacement name is Neomartynoviella H. 
Aspock and U. Aspock, 1970. Martynoviella 
was originally proposed as a subgenus of Raphi- 
dia Linnaeus, 1758. 
(FORMOSORAPHIDIA) H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 
1974: 99. 

Type species: Raphidia formosana Okamoio 
in Nagano, 1917a [October ]: 149, original desig- 
nation (see also German description in 
Okamoto. 1917b [November]: 83). 



OSWALD AND PENNY: NEUROPTERA, MEGALOPTER A, AND RAPHIDIOPTERA 



65 



Formosoraphidia was originally proposed as a 
subgenus of Raphidia Linnaeus, 1758. 
(BURESCHIELLA) Popov, 1974: 154. 

Type species: Raphidia (Bureschiella) 
josifovi Popov, 1974: 155, original designation. 
Bureschiella was originally proposed as a subge- 
nus of Raphidia Linnaeus, 1758. 

NAVASANA Steinmann, 1963. See Phaeostigma 
(Phaeostigma) Navas, 1909. 

NEGHA Navas, 1916f: 510. INO 

Type species: Raphidia inTlata Hagen, 1861: 
196, original designation (as "Inocellia inflala 
Hag."). 

NEOMARTYNOVIELLA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 

1970. See Mongoloraphidia (Neomartynoviella) 
H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1970. 

NIGRORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968. 
See Raphidia {N igroraphidia) H. Aspock and 
U. Aspock, 1968. 

OHMELLA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968a: 62. RAP 
Type species: Agulla voluptaria H. Aspock 
and U. Aspock, 1968c: 27, original designation. 
Agulla voluptaria was considered a synonym of 
Raphidia baetica Rambur, 1842 :437, by H. 
Aspock, U. Aspock, and Holzel, 1980: 119. In- 
correct type species designation by H. Aspock, 
U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 118, of Raphidia 
baetica Rambur, 1842. Ohmella was originally 
proposed as a subgenus of Raphidia Linnaeus, 
1758. 

ORNATORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 

1968a: 54. RAP 

Type species: Rhaphidia etrusca Albarda, 
1891: 113, original designation. Ornatoraphidia 
was originally proposed as a subgenus of Raphi- 
dia Linnaeus, 1758. 

PARAINOCELLIA H. Aspock and U. Asp6ck, 1968a: 

63. INO 

Type species: Inocellia ressli H. Aspock and 
U. Aspock, 1965a: 66, original designation. 
Parainocellia was originally proposed as a sub- 
genus of Inocellia Schneider, 1843. 

PARVORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968a: 

54. RAP 

Type species: Rhaphidia microstigma Stein, 
1863: 417, original designation. Parvoraphidia 
was originally proposed as a subgenus of Raphi- 
dia Linnaeus, 1758. 

PHAEOSTIGMA Navas, 1909g:143. RAP 

Type species: Raphidia notata Fabricius, 
1781: 402, subsequent designation by H. Aspock 
and U. Aspock, 1973b: 52. Phaeostigma was 
originally proposed as a 'section' of Raphidia 
Linnaeus, 1758. 
ERMA Navas. 1918a: 356. 

Type species: Erma abdita Navas, 1918a: 
356, monotypy. Erma abdita was considered a 
synonym of Raphidia notata Fabricius, 1781, the 
type species of Phaeostigma Navas, 1909, by H. 
AspBck, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 97. Erma 
was considered a synonym of Phaeostigma by H. 
Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel. 1980: 96. 
NAVASANA Steinmann, 1963: 186. 
Type species: Navasana perumbrata Steinmann, 
1963: 186. original designation. Navasana 
perumbrata was considered a synonym of 
Raphidia notata Fabricius. 1781, the type 



species of Phaeostigma Navas. 1909, by H. 
Aspock, U. Aspockand Holzel, 1980 :97. 
Incorrect type species designation by H. 
Aspock and U. Aspock. 1968a: 62, of Raphidia 
notata Fabricius, 1781. Navasana was 
considered a synonym of Phaeostigma by H. 
Aspock, U. Aspock and Holzel, 1980: 96. 
(CRASSORAPHIDIA) H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 
1968a: 58. 

Type species: Raphidia cyprica Hagen, 1867: 
498, original designation. Crassoraphidia was 
originally proposed as a subgenus of Raphidia 
Linnaeus, 1758. 
PHIDIARA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968. See 

Raphidia {Phidiara) H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 
1968. 
PONTORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968. 
See Raphidia (Pontoraphidia) H. Aspock and 
U. Aspock, 1968. 
PRETZMANNIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968. See 
Raphidia (Pretzmannia) H. Aspock and U. 
Aspock, 1968. 
PUNCHA Navas, 1915c: 396. RAP 

Type species: Raphidia ratzeburgi Brauer, 
1876: 277, original designation. 
RAPHIDIA Linnaeus, 1758: 552. RAP 

Type species: Raphidia ophiopsis Linnaeus, 
1758: 552, monotypy. 
RHAPHIDIA Billberg, 1820: 95. An unjustified 
emendation of Raphidia Linnaeus. 1758. An 
incorrect original transliteration or latinization 
does not constitute an incorrect original 
spelling, Article 32c(ii), and is therefore not 
justifiable grounds for an emendation. Note: 
We interpret the subsequent spelling Rhaphidia 
Billberg. 1820, to be "demonstrably 
intentional" (and thus available) under Article 
33b(i) because the original Linnean spelling 
Raphidia, though not cited under Rhaphidia 
itself, is cited under the genera Mantispa and 
++Corydalia (i.e., Corydalus) in Billberg's 
work. This citation thus meets Article 33b(i)'s 
requirement of citation of both the original and 
subsequent spellings and adoption of the latter. 
(MAGNORAPHIDIA) H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 
1968a: 55. 

Type species: Rhaphidia major Burmeister, 
1839: 964, original designation (as "maior" 
[sic]). Magnoraphidia was originally proposed 
as a subgenus of Raphidia Linnaeus, 1758. 
(PONTORAPHIDIA) H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 
1968a: 55. 

Type species: Rhaphidia pontica Albarda, 
1891: 102, original designation. Pontoraphidia 
was originally proposed as a subgenus of Raphi- 
dia Linnaeus, 1758. 
(PHIDIARA) H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968a: 56. 

Type species: Raphidia grandii Principi, 
[1961] 1960 :326, original designation. Phidiara 
was originally proposed as a subgenus of Raphi- 
dia Linnaeus, 1758. 
(SUPERBORAPIIIDIA) H. AspSck and U. Aspock. 
1968a: 56. 

Type species: Raphidia auberti H. Aspock 
and U. Aspock, 1966a: 40, original designation. 
Superboraphidia was originally proposed as a 
subgenus of Raphidia Linnaeus. 1758. 



66 



(CAUCASORAPHIDIA) H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 
1968a: 57. 

Type species: Raphidia caucasica Esben- 
Petersen, 1913a: 294, original designation. 
C auc as o raphidia was originally proposed as a 
subgenus of Raphidia Linnaeus, 1758. 
(GRAECORAPHIDIA) H. Aspock and U. Aspock. 
1968a:57. 

Type species: Raphidia divina H. Aspock and 
U. Aspock, 1964:38, original designation. 
Graecoraphidia was originally proposed as a 
subgenus of Raphidia Linnaeus, 1758. 
(MIRORAPHIDIA) H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 
1968a: 57. 

Type species: Raphidia curvatula H. Aspock 
and U. Aspock, 1964: 40, original designation. 
Miroraphidia was originally proposed as a sub- 
genus oi Raphidia Linnaeus, 1758. 
(NIGRORAPHIDIA) H. Aspock and U. Aspock. 
1968a:58. 

Type species: Raphidia palaeformis H. 
Aspock and U. Aspock, 1964:37, original desig- 
nation. Nigroraphidia was originally proposed as 
a subgenus oi Raphidia Linnaeus, 1758. 
(PRETZMANNIA) H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968a: 
59. 

Type species: Raphidia euxina Navas, 1915h: 
794, original designation. Pretzmannia was orig- 
inally proposed as a subgenus of Raphidia 
Linnaeus, 1758. 
(FLAVORAPHIDIA) H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 
1968a: 61. 

Type species: Raphidia laurferi Navas, 
1915h: 867, original designation. Flavoraphidia 
was originally proposed as a subgenus of Raphi- 
dia Linnaeus. 1758. 
(ASERBEIDSHANORAPHIDIA) H. Aspock and U. 
Aspock. 1968b: 90. 

Type species: Raphidia nuchensis H. Aspock, 
U. Aspock and Martynova, 1968: 87, original 
designation. Aserbeidshanoraphidia was 
originally proposed as a subgenus of Raphidia 
Linnaeus, 1758. 
RAPHIDILLA Navas. 1915. ^fx Xanthosligma Navas. 

1909. 
REISSERELLA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1971. See 
Inocellia (Reisserella) H. Aspock and U. 
Aspock, 1971. 
RHAPHIDIA Billberg, 1820. See Raphidia {Raphidia) 

Linnaeus, 1758. 
RHAPHIDILLA Navas. [1919] 1918. Sa^ Xanthostigma 

Navas, 1909. 
SININOCELLIA Yang. 1985: 25. INO 

Type species: Sininocellia gigantos Yang. 
1985: 26, original designation. 
SOMBRERORAPHIDIA U. Aspock and H. Aspock, 
1970. See Alena (Sombreroraphidia) U. 
Aspock and H. Aspock, 1970. 
SUBILLA Navas, 1916f: 509. RAP 

Type species: Rhaphidia sericea Albarda, 
1891: 122, original designation. Rhaphidia 
sericea was considered a synonym of Raphidia 
confinis Stephens, 1836: 131. by H. Aspock, U. 
Aspock and Holzel. 1980: 114. Incorrect type 
species designation by H. Aspock and U. 
Aspock. 1968a: 62, oi Raphidia cognata Rambur. 
1842: 438. 



SUPERBORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock. 
1968. See Raphidia (Superboraphidia) H. 
Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968. 

TADSHIKORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock. 

1968b: 90. RAP 

Type species: Raphidia denticulata H. 
Aspock. U. Aspock and Martynova. 1968: 88, 
original designation. Tadshikoraphidia was orig- 
inally proposed as a subgenus of Raphidia 
Linnaeus, 1758. 

TALIRORAPHIDIA H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Rausch, 
1982: 85. RAP 

Type species: Tauroraphidia netrix H. 
Aspock, U. Aspock and Rausch, 1982: 86, origi- 
nal designation. 

TJEDERIRAPHIDIA H. Aspock, U. Aspock and 

Rausch, 1985: 38. RAP 

Type species: Raphidia (Dichrostigma) 
santuzza H. Aspock, U. Aspock and Rausch, 
1980: 74, original designation. 

TURCORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968a: 

54. RAP 

Type species: Raphidia amara H. Aspock and 
U. Aspock. 1964: 40. original designation. 
Turcoraphidia was originally proposed as a sub- 
genus of Raphidia Linnaeus. 1758. 

LILRIKE H. Aspock, 1968: 65. RAP 

Type species: Agulla attica H. Aspock and U. 
Aspock, 1967b: 7, original designation. Ulrike 
was originally proposed as a subgenus of Raphi- 
dia Linnaeus, 1758. 

USBEKORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock, 1968b: 
90. RAP 

Type species: Raphidia turkestanica H. 
Aspock. U. Aspock and Martynova. 1968: 88. 
original designation. Usbekoraphidia was origi- 
nally proposed as a subgenus of Raphidia 
Linnaeus. 1758. 

VENUSTORAPHIDIA H. Aspock and U. Aspock. 

1968a: 60. RAP 

Type species: Rhaphidia nigricollis Albarda, 
1891: 142, original designation. Venustoraphi- 
dia was originally proposed as a subgenus of 
Raphidia Linnaeus, 1758. 

XANTHOSTIGMA Navas, 1909g: 145. RAP 

Type species: Raphidia xanthostigma 

Schummel, 1832: 12, absolute tautonomy. Article 

68e. Xanthostigma was originally proposed as a 

'section' of Raphidia Linnaeus, 1758. 

RAPHIDILLA Navas, 1915e: 477. 

Type species: Raphidia xanthostigma 
Schummel, 1832: 12, original designation. 
Raphidilla is a junior objective synonym of 
Xanthostigma Navas, 1909. 
RHAPHIDILLA Navas, [1919e) 1918: 49. An 
unjustified emendation of Raphidilla Navas, 
1915. An incorrect original transliteration or 
latinization does not constitute an incorrect 
original spelling. Article 32c(ii). and is 
therefore not justifiable grounds for an 
emendation. 



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ropierology, J. Gepp, H. Aspock and H. Holzel, eds. 
Graz, Austria. 176 pp. [Symposium held in Hamburg, 
1984]. 

1989. Nyrma kervillea Navas - eine Beroihide! 



(Neuropteroidea :Planipennia). Zeitschrifl der 
Arbeitsgemeinschaft Osterreichischer Entomologen 
41:19-24. 

AspOck, U. and H. AspOck. 1969. Die Raphidiiden 
Afrikas (Insekta, Raphidioptera) (Mit ver- 
breitungsanalytischen Bemerkungen iiber die Ordnung). 
Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museum in Wien 
73:161-169. 

. 1970. Untersuchungen iiber die Raphidiopleren 

Mexikos (Insecia, Neuropteroidea). Polskie Pismo En- 
lomologiczne 40:705-725. 

1980. Das Genus Isoscelipteron Costa, 1863 



(Neuropteroidea: Planipennia: Berothidae). Zeitschrifl 
der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Osterreichischer Entomologen 
32:65-74. 
. 1981a. Weitere Untersuchungen an Berothiden: 



Berotha Walker, Isoscelipteron Costa und Asadeteva n. 
g. (Neuropteroidea: Planipennia). Zeitschrifl der 
Arbeitsgemeinschaft Osterreichischer Entomologen 
33:1-14. 
. [1981b] 1980. Das Genus Podallea Navas, 1936 



(Neuropteroidea: Planipennia: Berothidae). Zeitschrifl 
der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Osterreichischer Entomologen 
32:81-96. [Volume 32. hefi 3/4, is dated May 1981 
from a noie on page 32:144.] 

. 1982. Mongoloraphidia (Kirgisoraphidia) 

taiwanica n. sp. - eine neue Kamelhalsfliege aus Tai- 
wan (Neuropteroidea: Raphidioptera: Raphidiidae). En- 
lomologische Zeitschrifl, Frankfurt am Main 92:81-86. 
-. [1983] 1982. Das Genus Nosybus Navas, 1910 



(Neuropteroidea: Planipennia: Berothidae). Zeitschrifl 
der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Osterreichischer Entomologen 
34:91-105. [Volume 34, heft 3/4, is dated May 1983 
from a note on the inside back cover of this heft.] 
. 1984a. Die Berothiden Australiens I: Neue 



Spezies des Genus Stenobiella Tillyard (Neu- 
ropteroidea: Planipennia: Berothidae). Zeitschrifl der 
Arbeitsgemeinschaft Osterreichischer Entomologen 
36:17-32. 

[1984b] 1983. Zur Kenntnis des Genus 



Sphaeroberotha Navas, 1930 (Neuropteroidea: 
Planipennia: Berothidae). Zeitschrifl der 
Arbeitsgemeinschaft Osterreichischer Entomologen 
35:65-83. [Volume 35, heft 3/4, is dated May 1984 
from a note on page 35:128.] 

-. [1985] 1984. Die Berothiden Australiens (und 



Neuseelands) II: Die Genera Trichoma Tillyard, 
Trichoberotha Handschin, Protobiella Tillyard und 
Austroberothella n. g. (Neuropteroidea: Planipennia: 
Berothidae). Zeitschrifl der Arbeitsgemeinschaft 
Osterreichischer Entomologen 36:65-85. [Volume 36, 
heft 3/4, is dated May 1985 from a note on page 
36:128.] 
. 1986a. Die Berothiden Australiens III: Die Gen- 



era Spermophorella Tillyard und Quasispermophorella 
n. g. (Neuropteroidea: Planipennia: Berothidae). 
Zeitschrifl der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Osterreichischer 
Entomologen 38:17-34. 

[1986b] 1985. Das Genus Lekrugeria Navas 



(Neuropteroidea: Planipennia: Berothidae). Zeitschrifl 
der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Osterreichischer Entomologen 



OSWALD AND PE^fNY: NEUROPTERA. MEGALOPTER A. AND RAPHIDIOPTERA 



69 



37:85-98. [Volume 37, heft 3/4, is dated May 1986 
from a note on page 37:128.] 

-. [1988a] 1987. Berlekrumyia africanella n. g. et 



n. sp. und Podallea manselli n. sp. - zwei neue 
Berolhiden-Species aus Siidosten Afrikas (Neu- 
ropteroidea: Planipennia: Beroihidae). 2^itschrifi der 
Arbeitsgemeinschaft Osterreichischer Entomologen 
39:113-123. [Volume 39, heft 3/4, is dated May 1988 
from a note on page 39:128.] 

. 1988b. Die Subfamilie Cyrenoberothinae - ein 

Gondwana-Element? M anselliberotha neu- 
ropterologorum n.g. et n.sp. aus S.W.A./Nambia (Neu- 
ropteroidca: Planipennia: Berothidae). Zeitschrift der 
Arbeitsgemeinschaft Oslerreichischer Entomologen 
40:1-13. 

AuBER, J. 1955. Deux nouveaux Myrmeleonides 
Malgaches. Naturaliste Malgache 7:55-58. 

Baly, J. S. 1858. Catalogue of Hispidae in the Collec- 
tion of the British Museum. London. 172 pp. 

Banks, N. 1892. A synopsis, catalogue, and bibliogra- 
phy of the neuropteroid insects of temperate North 
America. Transactions of the American Entomological 
Society 19:327-373. 

. 1895. Some Mexican Neuroptera. Proceedings 

of the California Academy of Sciences (2)5:515-522. 

. 1897a. New North American neuropteroid in- 
sects. Transactions of the American Entomological So- 
ciety 24:21-31. 

. 1897b. Three new species of Chrysopidae. Pro- 
ceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 
4:173-175. 

1899. A classification of the North American 



Myrmeleonidae. Canadian Entomologist 31:67-71. 

1901a. A new genus of Myrmeleonidae. Cana- 



dian Entomologist 33:329-330. 

. 1901b. A list of neuropteroid insects from Mex- 
ico. Transactions of the American Entomological Soci- 
ety 27:361-370. 

. 1903a. Neuropteroid insects from Arizona. Pro- 
ceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 
5:237-245. 

. 1903b. A revision of the Nearctic Chrysopidae. 

Transactions of the American Entomological Society 
29:137-162. 

. 1904a. A list of neuropteroid insects, exclusive 

of Odonata, from the vicinity of Washington, D.C. Pro- 
ceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 
6:201-217. 

1904b. New species of Hemerobius. Canadian 



Entomologist 36:61-63. 
. 1905a. A revision of the Nearctic Hemerobiidae. 



Transactions of the American Entomological Society 
32:21-51. [Dated from the December 1905 footline 
found throughout this work.] 

1905b. Descriptions of new Nearctic neu- 



ropteroid insects. Transactions of the American Ento- 
mological Society 32:1-20. 

. 1907a. Catalogue of the neuropteroid insects 

(except Odonata) of the United States. American Ento- 
mological Society, Philadelphia. 53 pp. 

1907b. A new genus and a new species of Neu- 
roptera. Entomological News 18:275. 

. 1908a. A new genus and species of Neuroptera. 

Entomological News 19:203-204. 

[1908b] 1907. New tropical American Neu- 



roptera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of 
Washington 9:30-34. [Volume 9, numbers 1-4, is dated 



25 April 1 908 from the reverse of the title page of this 
volume.] 
. 1908c. On the classification of the Corydalinae, 



with description of a new species. Proceedings of the 
Entomological Society of Washington 10:27-30. 
1909a. Hemerobiidae from Queensland, Aus- 



tralia. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of 
Washington 11:76-81. 

. 1909b. New genera and species of tropical 

Myrmeleonidae. Journal of the New York Entomologi- 
cal Society 17:1-4. 

. 1910a. Synonymical notes on Neuroptera. Ento- 
mological News 21:389-390. 

. 1910b. New South American neuropteroid in- 
sects. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of 
Washington 12:146-160. 

. 1910c. Myrmeleonidae from Australia. Annals 



of the Entomological Society of America 3:40-44. 

1911a. Descriptions of new species of North 

American neuropteroid insects. Transactions of the 
American Entomological Society 37:335-360. 

. 1911b [March]. Notes on African 



Myrmeleonidae. Annals of the Entomological Society 
of America 4:1-29. [Volume 4, number 1, is dated 
March 1911 from its wrapper and headline.] 
1913a [August]. Synopses and descriptions of 



exotic Neuroptera. Transactions of the American Ento- 
mological Society 39:201-242. [Dated 26 August 1913 
from the printed dale on the cover of a separate of this 
work in the possession JDO.] 

. 1913b. The genus Brachynemurus (Neuroptera). 

Entomological News 24:63-65. 

1913c. Notes on African Myrmeleonidae. Jour- 



nal of the New York Entomological Society 21:149- 
157. 

. 1913d. New exotic neuropteroid insects. Pro- 
ceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 
15:137-143. 

1915a. Two new names in the Ascalaphidae 

(Neur.). Entomological News 26:350. 

. [1915b] 1914-1915. New neuropteroid insects. 



native and exotic. Proceedings of the Academy of Nat- 
ural Sciences of Philadelphia 66:608-632. [Issued in 
two parts: (1) pages 608-618, mailed 9 December 1914 
and (2) pages 619-632, mailed 23 January 1915. See 
the reverse of the title page of volume 66.] 

. 1918. New neuropteroid insects. Bulletin of the 

Museum of Comparative Zoology 62:1-22. 

. 1920a [October]. New neuropteroid insects. 



Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 
64:297-362. [Volume 64, number 3, is dated October 
1920 from its wrapper.] 
1924. Descriptions of new neuropteroid insects. 



Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 
65:419-455. 
. 1927. Revision of the Nearctic Myrmeleonidae. 



Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 68:1- 

84. 
. 1929. Fauna of the Batu Caves, Selangor. xiii. 

Neuroptera. On the myrmeleonid Neglurus vitripennis 

Navas. Journal of the Federated Malay States Museums 

14:372-373. 
1930. New neuropteroid insects from the United 

States. Psyche 37:223-233. 
. 1931a. A new species of Chrysopa. Psyche 



38:174. 



70 



. 1931b. Some oriental neuropteroid insects. Psy- 
che 38:56-70. 

1931c. Some neuropteroid insects from the 



Malay Peninsula. Journal of the Federated Malay Slates 
Museums 16:377-409. 
. 1932. Concerning the genus Notiobiella (Neu- 



ropt.-Hemerobiidae). Psyche 39:103-106. 

-. 1934. Supplementary neuropteroid insects from 



the Malay Peninsula, and from Mt. Kinabalu, Borneo. 
Journal of the Federated Malay Stales Museums 
17:567-578. 
1937. Philippine neuropteroid insects. Philip- 



pine Journal of Science 63:125-174. 
. 1938a. New native neuropteroid insects. Psyche 



45:72- 79. 

. 1938b. Further neuropteroid insects from 

Malaya. Journal of the Federated Malay States Muse- 
ums 18:220-235. 

. 1938c. New Chrysopidae and species new to the 



United States. Canadian Entomologist 70:118-122. 

1938d. Two new genera of Myrmeleonidae. Pro- 



ceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 
40:125-129. 

. 1939a. New genera and species of neuropteroid 

insects. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zool- 
ogy 85:439-504. 

. 1939b. On some new and previously-known 



Neuroptera in the collection of the Academy of Natural 

Sciences of Philadelphia. Notulae Naturae No. 32:1-5. 

. 1940. Report on certain groups of neuropteroid 



insects from Szechwan, China. Proceedings of the 

United States National Museum 88:173-220. 
. 1941. Some new and interesting Neuroptera in 

the American Museum of Natural History. American 

Museum Novitates No. 1143:1-5. 
. 1943a. New Neuroptera and Trichoptera from 

the United States. Psyche 50:74-81. 
. 1943b. Some interesting Neuroptera from Aus- 



tralia. Proceedings of the New England Zoological Club 
22:99-103. 
. 1943d. Neuroptera of northern South America. 



Part II. Myrmeleonidae. Boletin de Entomologia 
Venezolana 2:161-173. 
. [1946] 1945. A review of the Chrysopidae 



(Nothochrysidae) of Central America. Psyche 52:139- 
174. [Volume 52, number 3-4, is dated 16 May 1946 
from the inside cover of volume 53, number 1-2.] 

. 1947. Some neuropterous insects from 

Szechwan, China. Fieldiana: Zoology, Chicago Natural 
History Museum 31:97-107. 

1950. Notes and descriptions of western 



Chrysopidae (Neuroptera). Psyche 57:45-67. 

Barnard, K. H. 1931. The Cape alder-flies (Neu- 
roptera, Megaloptera). Transactions of the Royal Soci- 
ety of South Africa 19:169-184. 

Barnard, P. C. 1981. The Rapismatidae (Neuroptera): 
montane lacewings of the oriental region. Systematic 
Entomology 6:121-136. 

Barnard, P. C. and T. R. New. 1985. New species in 
the Rapisma malayanum-complcx (Neuroptera: 
Rapismatidae). Neuroptera International 3:165-173. 

Berthold, a. a. 1827. Naturliche Familien des 
Thierreichs. Aus dem Franzosischen. Mit Anmerkungen 
und Zusatzen von Arnold Adolph Berthold. Weimar. 
602 pp. [A German translation of Latreille, P. A., 1825, 
Families naturelles du regne animal, ... Paris. 570 pp.] 



BicKLEY, W. E. and E. G. MacLeod. 1956. A synopsis of 
the Nearctic Chrysopidae with a key to the genera 
(Neuroptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society 
of Washington 58:177-202. 

Billberg, G. J. 1820. Enumeralio insectorum in museo 
Gust. Joh. Billberg. Typis Gadelianis, [Holmiae]. 138 
pp. 

Blanchard, fi. 1840. Histoire Naturelle des Insectes 
Orthopteres, Nevropteres, Hemipteres, Hymenopteres, 
Lepidopteres et Dipteres. Vol. 3. P. Dumenil, Paris. 672 
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. [1842] 1849. [Ascalaphe]. P. 203 in 

Dictionnaire universel d'histoire naturelle, A. C. V. D. 
d'Orbigny, ed. Vol. 2. Paris. [For dating information 
see below under Desmarest, A. G. [1846] 1849.] 

-. [1845] 1849. [Haplogenius (sic)]. P. 475 in 



Dictionnaire universel d'histoire naturelle, A. C. V. D. 
d'Orbigny, ed. Vol. 6. Paris. [For dating information 
below see under Desmarest, A. G. [1846] 1849.] 

-. [1847] 1849. [Puer]. P. 634 in Dictionnaire uni- 



versel d'histoire naturelle, A. C. V. D. d'Orbigny, ed. 
Vol. 10. Paris. [For dating information see below under 
Desmarest, A. G. [1846] 1849.] 

[1848] 1849. [Semblis]. Pp. 539-540 in 



Dictionnaire universel d'histoire naturelle, A. C. V. D. 
d'Orbigny, ed. Vol. 11. Paris. [For dating information 
see below under Desmarest, A. G. [1846] 1849.] 
. [1848] 1849. [Ulula]. P. 756 in Dictionnaire 



universel d'histoire naturelle, A. C. V. D. d'Orbigny, 
ed. Vol. 12. Paris. [For dating information see below 
under Desmarest, A. G. [1846] 1849.] 

1850. Catalogue de la Collection En- 



tomologique. Classe des Insectes. Ordre des 
Coleopteres. Museum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, 
Paris. 240 pp. 

1851. Mirmeleonianos and Rafidianos. Pp. 119- 



135 in Historia Fisica y Politica de Chile, C. Gay, ed. 
Zoologia, Vol. 6. Paris. 572 pp. 

Block, L. H. F. von. 1799. Monographiae insectorum 
XVIII in valle Plauensi delectorum. Pp. 115-120 in Der 
Plauische Grund bei Dresden, mit Hinsicht auf 
Naturgeschichte und schone Gartenkunst, hrsg. von W. 
G. Becker, W. G. Becker, ed. Tiel II. Numberg. 

Blyth, E. 1840. in Cuvier's Animal kingdom, arranged 
according to its organization, forming the basis for a 
natural history of animals, and an introduction to com- 
parative anatomy. London. 670 pp. [One of several En- 
glish language editions of Cuvier's "Le regne animal 
..." originally published in 1817 (see citation below). 
This edition contains modifications by E. Blyth, R. 
Mundie, G. Johnson and J. O. Westwood. See Wood- 
ward, B. B., 1903 (facsimile reprint 1964), Catalogue 
of the library of the British Museum (Natural History) 
1:410.] 

Borkhausen, M. B. 1791. Einige netzflugelige Insekten 
beschrieben. (Neuroptera). Beitrage zu der Insekten - 
Geschichte herausgegeben von Ludwig Gottlieb Scriba 
2:155-163. 

Boudreaux, H. B. 1979. Arthropod phylogeny with 
special reference to insects. John Wiley & Sons, New 
York. 320 pp. 

Brauer, F. 1851. Beschreibung und Beobachiung der 
Oesterreichischen Arten der Galtung Chrysopa. 
Nalurwissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, gesammelt und 
durch Subscription herausgegeben von Wilhelm Haidin- 
ger 4(4):1-12. [We are unable to confirm Schneider's 
(1851:165) contention that this work was published in 



OSWALD AND PENNY: NEUROPTERA. MEGALOPTER A, AND RAPfflDIOPTERA 



71 



1850. The title page of the copy of the "Vierter Band" 
of Haidinger's Abhandlungen in Mann Library, Cornell 
University, is dated 1851. This work has precedence 
over Schneider's 1851 "Monographiam Generis 
Chrysopae." The latter work contains an appendix (pp. 
165-166) giving synonymical remarks on some of 
Brauer's species.] 
1852. Versuch einer Gruppierung der Gattungen 



in der Zunft Planipennia mit besonderer Riicksicht auf 
die frUheren Stande. Stettiner entomologische Zeitung 
13:71-77. 

1855. Beitrage zur Kenntniss des inneren Baues 

und der Verwandlung der Neuropteren. Verhandlungen 
des Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien 5:701- 
726, 781-786. 

. 1864. Entomologische Beitrage. Verhandlungen 

der kaiserlich-koniglichen zoologisch-botanischen Ge- 
sellschaft in Wien 14:891- 902. 

1866a. Zusatze und Berichtigungen zu Hagen's 

Hemerobidarum Synopsis synonymica und 
Beschreibung einer neuen Nymphiden-Gattung : 
Myiodactylus osmyloides aus Australien. Ver- 
handlungen der kaiserlich-koniglichen zoologisch- 
botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 16:983-992. 

1866b. Reise der Osterreichischen Fregatte 



Novara um die Erde, in ... 1857-59, unter den Befehl 
des Commodore B. von WuUerstorf-Urbair, H. K. von 
Scherzer, ed. Zoologischer Theil, Bd. 2, No. 4 (Neu- 
roptera). Wien. 104 pp. [For dates of publication of 
monographs resulting from the voyage of the frigate 
Novara see Higgins, L. G., 1963, Journal of the Society 
for the Bibliography of Natural History 4:153-159.] 

. 1867. Beschreibung neuer Neuroptera aus dem 

Museum Godeffroy und Sohn in Hamburg. Ver- 
handlungen der kaiserlich-koniglichen zoologisch- 
botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 17:505-512. 

. 1868. Verzeichniss der bis jetzt bekannten Neu- 
ropteren in Sinne Linne's. Verhandlungen der 
kaiserlich-koniglichen zoologisch-botanischen Gesell- 
schaft in Wien 18:359^16. 

. 1 876. Die Neuropteren Europas und 

insbesondere Oesterreichs mit Riicksicht auf ihre 
geographische Verbreitung. Pp. 263-300 in Festschrift 
25jahriges Bestehen der kaiserlich-koniglichen 
zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft, Wien. 

. 1889. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Psychopsis- 

Arten. Annalen des K.-K. Naturhistorischen 
Hofmuseums, Wien 4(Notizen):101-103. 

. 1900. Ober die von Prof. O. Simony auf den 



Canaren gefundenen Neuroptera und Pseudoneuroptera 
(Odonata, Corrodentia et Ephemeridae). 
Sitzungsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaften, 
Wien. Mathematische-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse 
109:464^77. 

BrEthes, J. 1908. Descripcion de una larva de 
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Brooks, S. J. 1983. A new genus of oriental lacewings 
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seum of Natural History (Entomology) 47:1-26. 

. [1985] 1984. A redefinition of the Italochrysini 

(Chrysopidae), with the description of a new genus 
from Nigeria. Neuroptera International 3:79-88. 
[Brooks (pers. comm.) indicates that he was still in pos- 
session of the page proofs of this paper in January 
1985.] 



1986. A new genus of Ankylopterygini 

(Chrysopidae). Neuroptera International 4: 35—48. 

Brooks, S. J. AND P. C. Barnard. 1990. The green lace- 
wings of the world: a generic review (Neuroptera: 
Chrysopidae). Bulletin of the British Museum of Natu- 
ral History (Entomology) 59: 117-286. 

BRULLfi, G. A. [1839] 1835-1850. Neuropteres. Pp. 82- 
83 in Histoire Naturelle des lies Canaries, P. B. Webb 
and S. Berthelot, eds. Tome 2, Part 2. Bethune, Paris. 
[The Histoire Naturelle des lies Canaries was issued in 
106 parts between 1835 and 1850. Text pages 2(2):82- 
83 are dated October 1839; the associated plate III is 
dated July 1840. See Steam, W. T., 1937, Journal of the 
Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 1 :49- 
63.] 

BuRMEiSTER, H. C. C. 1839. Handbuch der Entomologie. 
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Bljtler, a. G. 1885. Descriptions of moths new to 
Japan, collected by Messrs. Lewis and Pryer. Cistula 
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Cameron, H. D. 1988. Geoffroy in Fourcroy, 1785. 
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Carpenter, F. M. 1936. Revision of the Nearctic 
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American Academy of Arts and Sciences 71:89-157. 

. 1940. A revision of the Nearctic Hemerobiidae, 

Berothidae, Sisyridae, Polystoechotidae and Dilaridae 
(Neuroptera). Proceedings of the American Academy of 
Arts and Sciences 74:193-280. 

. 1943. Osmylidae of the Florissant shales, Colo- 
rado. American Journal of Science 241:753-760. 

. 1947. Taxonomic notes on the Dilaridae (Neu- 



roptera). Psyche 54:100-109. 

[1959] 1958. Mexican snake-flies (Neuroptera: 



Raphidiodea). Psyche 65: 52-58. [Volume 65, number 
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title page of this volume.] 

Carpentier, F. and J. A. Lestage. [1928] 1927-1928. 
Une sous-famille nouvelle (Fontenellinae) du groupe 
des Coniopterygoidea Till. Recueil de I'lnstitut 
Zoologique Torley-Rousscau 1: 153-172. [Volume 1, 
fascicle 2, is dated 1928 from its wrapper and the 
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Chambers, V. T. 1874. Tineina from Texas. Canadian 
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Chandler, H. P. 1954. Four new species of dobsonflies 
from California (Megaloptera: Corydalidae). Pan-Pa- 
cific Entomologist 30:105-111. 

CoMSTOCK, J. H. 1918. The wings of insects. Comstock 
Publishing Co., Ithaca, New York. 430 pp. 

Costa, A. 1855. Famiglia de'Formicaleonidei - 
Myrmeleontidea (20 pp.) in Fauna del regno di Napoli 
ossia enumerazione di tuiti gli animali ... contenente la 
descrizione de'nuovi o poco esattamente conosciuii ... 
di O. G. Costa, O. G. Costa, ed. Nevrotteri. Napoli. 
[For dates of publication of the Fauna see Sherbom, C. 
D., 1937, Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of 
Natural History 1: 35-47 and Woodward, B. B., 1903 
(facsimile reprint 1964), Catalogue of the library of the 
British Museum (Natural History) 1: 389. The indepen- 
dently paginated Neuroptera sections were authored by 
A. Costa and issued in November and December of 
1855, with a short "Aggiuntc ..." issued in 1871.] 

. 1863 [31 December]. Nuovi studii sulla en- 

tomologia della Calabria ulteriore. Atti dell'Accademia 
delle Scienze Fisiche e Matematiche l(2):l-80. [Evi- 



72 



dence fixing the month and/or day of publication of this 
work is lacking. We date this work from the last day of 
1863 in accordance with Article 21c(ii) of the Code.] 
1871. Aggiunte alle precedenti famiglie (8 pp.) 



in Fauna del regno di Napoli ossia enumerazione di 
tutti gli animali ... contenente la descrizione de'nuovi o 
poco esattamente conosciuti ... di O. G. Costa, O. G. 
Costa, ed. Nevrotteri. Napoli. [See note above under 
Costa, A. 1855.] 

Costa, O. G. 1834. Cenni zoologici ossia descrizione 
sommaria delle specie nuove di animali discoperti in 
diverse contrade del regno nell* anno 1834. Napoli. 90 
pp. 

Cowley, J. 1941. Two new generic names in the 
Nemopteridae (Neuroptera). Annals and Magazine of 
Natural History (11)7:121-126. 

CuRRiE, R. P. 1901. A dwarf ant-lion fly. Proceedings 
of the Entomological Society of Washington 4:435- 
437. 

. 1903. Myrmeleonidae from Arizona. Proceed- 
ings of the Entomological Society of Washington 
5:272-284. 

. 1905. A new myrmeleonid from the United 



States. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of 
Washington 7:186-188. 

Curtis, J. 1824-1839. British entomology; being 
illustrations and descriptions of the genera of insects 
found in Great Britain and Ireland: containing coloured 
figures from nature of the most rare and beautiful spe- 
cies, and in many instances of the plants upon which 
they are found. London. [Issued between 1824 and 1839 
in 16 volumes containing 769 color plates with un- 
paginated descriptive letterpress. The neuropteroid 
plates are, and are dated, as follows: pi. 37 (vol. 1), 
Raphidia ophiopsis, 1824; pi. 202 (vol. 5), Hemerobius 
fimbriatus, 1828; pi. 520 (vol. 11), Chrysopa 
abbreviata, 1834 and pi. 528 (vol. 11), Coniopteryx 
psociformis, 1834. The date of publication is given at 
the bottom of each plate.] 

CuviER, G. L. C. F. D. 1800. Le9ons d'anaiomie 
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Dalman, J. W. 1823. Analecta Entomologica. Typis 
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Degeer, C. 1773. Memoires pour servir a I'histoire des 
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[Denis, M. and I. SchiffermOller]. 1775. Ankiindung 
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following citation.] 

1776. Systematisches Verzeichniss der 

Schmeiterlinge der Wienergegend. Wien. 322 pp. [This 
work, a copy of which has been seen, is identical to the 
preceding work except for the title page and date of 
publication. For a discussion of these texts see Interna- 
tional Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 
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Denys de Montfort, P. 1810. Conchyliologie 
systematique et classification methodique des coquilles. 
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Desmarest, a. G. [1846] 1849. [Nemopiera and 
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the Dictionnaire see Sherbom, C. D. and T. S. Palmer, 
1899, Annals and Magazine of Natural History 
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Deyrup, M. and N. Deyrup. 1978. Pupation of 
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Distant, W. L. 1910. Rhynchotal Notes. LII. Austral- 
asian Pentatomidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural 
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Doumerc. 1861. Description d'une nouvelle espece de 
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Drury, D. 1770. Illustrations of Natural History 
wherein are exhibited upwards of two hundred and 
forty figures of exotic insects, ... interspersed with re- 
marks and reflections on the nature and properties of 
many of them. Vol. 1. London. 130 pp. [See note 
below under Drury, D. 1773.] 

. 1773. Illustrations of Natural History wherein 

are exhibited upwards of two hundred and forty figures 
of exotic insects, ... interspersed with remarks and re- 
flections on the nature and properties of many of them. 
Vol. 2. London. 90 pp. [Plate xlvi, containing figures 
of the species Hemerobius ornatus and Myrmeleon 
americanus, and its descriptive letterpress (pp. 1:110- 
111) were published without names in the first volume 
of Drury's work in 1770. Binomial names for these spe- 
cies were later published in 1773 when Drury's second 
volume appeared with binomial indices for volumes 1 
and 2. Thus, though the names H. ornatus and M. amer- 
icanus appear in the unpaginated index to volume 1 
(sometimes bound with volume 1 and then appearing 
incorrectly to have been published in 1770) they were 
in fact not made available until 1773. See International 
Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1957b (cited 
below).] 

1837. Illustrations of exotic entomology, con- 



taining upwards of six hundred and fifty figures and 
descriptions of foreign insects, interspersed with re- 
marks and reflections on their nature and properties by 
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of the science, with the systematic characters of each 
species, synonyms, indexes, and other additional matter 
by J. O. Westwood. Vol. 1. Bohn, London. 123 pp. 

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Enderlein, G. 1905a [18 July]. Klassifikaiion der Neu- 
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1905b. Conwentzia pineticola nov. gen. nov. 

spec, eine neue Neuroptere aus Westpreussen. Bericht 
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1905c [1 June]. Ein neuer zu den Con- 



iopterygiden gehoriger Neuropteren-Typus aus der Um- 
gebung von Berlin. Wiener Eniomologische Zeitung 
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1905 from its wrapper and a footline on page 24:197.] 
1906. Monographie der Coniopterygiden. 



Zoologische Jahrbiicher (Abt. Systematik, Geographic 
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1907a. Nachtrage zur Monographie der Con- 



iopterygiden. Stettiner eniomologische Zeitung 68:10- 
13. 



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1907b. Die Coniopterygidenfauna Japans. Stetti- 

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. 1908. Neuroptera Fam. Conioplerygidae. Gen- 



era Insectorum Fascicle 67:1-18. 
. 1910a. Klassifikation der Mantispiden nach dem 

Material des Stettiner Zoologischen Museums. Stetiiner 

entomologische Zeitung 71:341-379. 
. 1910b. Eine neue Sialis aus Columbien. Stetti- 



ner entomologische Zeitung 71:380-381. 
. 1914. Ober zwei neue afrikanische Con- 



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1920a. South African Neuroptera. I. Annals of 

the South African Museum 17:507-521. 



. 1920b. Neuropteren der inneren Sahara. (Aus 

der Sammelausbeute des Freiherm Hans von Geyr). 
Archiv fur Naturgeschichte (A)84:143-159. 

1920c. New species of neuropterous insects 

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. 1921. Description of a new genus and species of 

Myrmeleonidae from Japan. Videnskabelige 
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. 1922. New species of Neuroptera in the British 

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. 1923. Australian Neuroptera. Part IV. Proceed- 
ings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 
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. 1924. South African Megaloptera. Annals of the 

South African Museum 19:151-158. 

1925a. Notizen zur Neuropterenfauna 

Dalmatiens. Konowia 4:66-68. 

. 1925b. New and little-known species of Neu- 
roptera in British collections. Annals and Magazine of 
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. 1927a. New species of Neuroptera Planipennia 

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. 1927b [October]. New and little-known species 

of Neuroptera in British collections. Part III. Annals 
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. 1928a. Neuroptera. Pp. 89-108 in Insects of 

Samoa and other Samoan terrestrial Arthropoda. Part 
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1928b. New and little-known Neuroptera from 

the Dutch East Indies. Treubia 10:225-230. 

. 1928c. Neuroptera Planipennia. Pp. 203-221 in 

Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Land-und Siisswasserfauna 
Deutsch-Sudwestafrikas, Ergebnisse der Hamburger 
deutsch-sudwestafrikanischen Studienreise 1911, J. W. 
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. 1928d. Neue und wenig bekannte Neuropteren 

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. 1929a. Australian Neuroptera. [Part] VI. 

Queensland Naturalist 7:31-35. 

. 1929b. Fauna Buruana. Neuroptera. Treubia 

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. 1931a. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der mit 

UnterstUtzung der Akademie der Wissenschaften in 
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. 1933. New and little-known Neuroptera. 

Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk 
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. [1935] 1939. Neuroptera from the Society Is- 
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-. 1936. Neuroptera from Belgian Congo. Revue 



Suisse de Zoologie 43:199-206. 
. 1937. Checklist of Neuroptera Planipennia of 



Oceania. Occasional Papers of the Bemice P. Bishop 
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Evans, E. D. 1984. A new genus and a new species of 
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Fabricius, J. C. 1775. Systema entomologiae, sistens 
Insectorvm classes, ordines, genera, species, adiectis 
synonymis, locis, descriptionibvs, observationibvs. 
Flensbvrgi et Lipsiae. 832 pp. 

. 1777. Genera insectorvm eorvmqve characteres 

natvrales secvndvm nvmervm, figvram, sitvm et pro- 
portionem omnivm partivm oris adiecta mantissa 
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. 1781. Species insectorvm exhibentes eorvm dif- 

ferentias specificas, synonyma avclorvm, loca natalia, 
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. 1787. Mantissa Insectorvm sistens eorvm spe- 



cies nvper detectas adjectis characteribvs genericis, dif- 
ferentiis specificis, emendationibvs, observationibvs. 
Hafniae. Tome 1. 348 pp. 
. 1793. Entomologia systematica emendaia et 



aucta secundum classes, ordines, genera, species ad- 
jectis synonimis, locis observationibus, descriptionibus. 
Hafniae. Vol. 2. 519 pp. 

1798. Supplemenlum entomologiae sys- 



tematicae. Hafniae. 572 pp. 

Fairmaire, L. 1885. Liste des Coleopteres recueillis a 
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Fauvel, a. 1878. Les staphylinides de I'Australie et la 
Polynesie. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale 
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Fischer von Waldheim, G. [1822] 1820-1822. En- 
tomographia Imperii Russici. Vol. 1. Mosquae. 210 pp. 
[The date of the "Entomographia Ruthenica" is given as 
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Fitch, A. [1855] 1854. Report [upon the noxious and 
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title page of volume 14 of the Transactions is dated 
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the year 1854 which were apparently issued in 1855. 
The identical text of pages 705-880 was reissued in 
1856 as pages 1-176 (i.e. the first report) of Fitch's 
work "First and second report on the noxious, benefi- 
cial and other insects, of the state of New-York." 
Names which first appeared in the Transactions in 1855 
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rectly dated 1856.] 

Flint, O. S., Jr. 1973. The Megaloptera of Chile (Neu- 
roptera). Revista Chilena de Entomologia 7:31—45. 

. 1983. Nothochauliodes penai, a new genus and 

species of Megaloptera from Chile (Neuroptera: 
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ForskAl, P. 1775. Descriptiones animalium avium, 
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PP- 
FouRCROY, A. F. DE. 1785. Entomologia Parisiensis; 

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Eraser, F. C. 1951a. Notes on the Neuroptera of Mada- 
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. 1951b. A revision of the Madagascar Neu- 
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1952. New species of Neuroptera in the Mu- 



seum National d'Hisloire Naturelle, Paris. Revue 
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. 1955. Nouvelles notes sur les Nevropteres de 



Madagascar. Naturaliste Malgache 7:127-137. 

Friedrich, H. 1953. Neuroptera in Dr. H. G. Bronn's 
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Froeschner, R. C. 1947. Notes and keys to the Neu- 
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Froggatt, W. W. 1903. Notes on the genus Psychopsis, 
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Geoffroy, fi. L. 1762. Histoire abregee des insectes qui 
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Gepp, J. 1984. Erforschungsstand der Neuropteren- 
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Gerstaecker, a. 1863. Ueber einige neue Planipennien 
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tralischer Neuroptera Megaloptera. Mitteilungen des 
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[1888] 1887. Weitere Beitrage zur 



Artenkenntniss der Neuroptera Megaloptera. 



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[1894] 1893. Ucber neue und weniger gekannte 



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Ghosh, S. K. 1977. A new genus and a new species of 
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Ghosh, S. K. and S. Sen. 1977. Check-list of Indian 
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GiRARD, M. 1862. Indication et discussion d'un nouveau 
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Glorioso. M. J. 1981. Systematics of the dobsonfly 
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Goldberger, F. 1852. Prodrom einer Naturgeschichte 
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GueRiN-MfiNEViLLE. F. fi. 1830. Nevropteres. Pp. 194- 
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GuiLDiNG, L. 1825. The natural history oi Phasma 
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Hagen, H. a. 1853. Hr. Peters berichtete iiber die von 
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. 1815b [31 December]. [Genus Nemopleryx (pp. 



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Leconte, J. L. 1859. The Coleoptera of Kansas and 
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LeF£bure, a. 1842 [April]. 'G. Ascalaphe. Ascalaphus. 
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. 1989. fitude de la variation subspecifique de 

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. 1761. Fauna Svecica, sisiens animalia Sveciae 

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Stockholmiae. 578 pp. 



80 



. 1763. Centuria Insectorum, quam, praeside D. 

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1764. Museum S:ae R:ae M:tis Ludovicae Ul- 



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cundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum 
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McKeown, K. C. 1939. A new species of thread-winged 
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McLachlan, R. 1863. On some new species of neurop- 
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. 1866. A new genus of Hemerobidae, and a new 

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-. 1870. New species, &c., of Hemerobiina. Sec- 



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M. le Dr. Rambur. Annales de la Societe En- 
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1 875a. A sketch of our present knowledge of the 

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-. 1875b. Neuroptera s. str., Planipennia. Pp. 1-24 



in Reise in Turkestan von Alexis Fedlschenko, auf 
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1880. Occurrence of the neuropterous genus 



Dilar in South America. Entomologist's Monthly Mag- 
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1882. The Neuroptera of the Madeira and Ca- 



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1883. Neuroptera of the Hawaiian Islands. Part 



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1885. On the discovery of a species of the neu- 



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1886. [Note on the Nemopteridae]. Transactions 



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1891a. An Asiatic Psychopsis {Ps. birmana, n. 



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1891b. Descriptions of new species of 



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1893. On species of Chrysopa observed in the 



eastern Pyrenees; together with descriptions of, and 
notes on, new or little-known Palaearctic forms of the 
genus. Transactions of the Entomological Society of 
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1894a. On two small collections of Neuroptera 



from Tachien-lu, in the province of Szechuen, western 
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of Natural History (6)13:421-436. 

1894b. Two new species of Myrmeleonidae 



from Madagascar. Annales and Magazine of Natural 
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1898a. Neuroptera-Planipennia collected in Al- 



geria by the Rev. A. E. Eaton. Transactions of the En- 
tomological Society of London 1898:151-168. 

1898b. Descriptions de deux especes nouvelles 



de Nemopteres du genre Croce McLach. [Nevr.]. Bulle- 
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171. 

1899. A new species of Stenosmylus from New 



Zealand. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 35:259- 
260. 

1900. A remarkable new mimetic species of 



Mantispa from Borneo. Entomologist's Monthly Maga- 
zine 36:127-129. 

-. 1902. A second African species of Psychopsis: 



Ps. marshalli McLach. Entomologist's Monthly Maga- 
zine 38:234-235. 



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MacLeod, E. G. and P. A. Adams. 1967. A review of 
the taxonomy and morphology of the Berothidae, with 
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Makarkin, V. N. 1985a. A review of Hemerobiidae 
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. 1985b. Review of the family Osmylidae (Neu- 
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Mansell, M. W. 1977. A new genus and species in the 
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. 1980. The Crocinae of southern Africa (Neu- 
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1981a. The Crocinae of southern Africa (Neu- 



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1981b. The Crocinae of southern Africa (Neu- 
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. 1983a. New Crocinae (Neuroptera: 

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. 1983b. A revision of the Australian Crocinae 



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Markl, M. W. 1953. Eine neue Myrmeleoniden- 

Gattung und Art aus Sudwestafrika (Neuroptera). 

Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Ge- 

sellschaft 26:277-280. 
1954. Vergleichend-morphologische Studien zur 

Systematik und Klassifikation der Myrmeleoniden (In- 

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. 1972b. Coniopterygidae from Mongolia III 

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MiCKOLEiT, G. 1973. tJber den Ovipositor der Neu- 
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1988. Revision de la obra de L. Navas, I: El 



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Morton, K. J. 1921. Neuroptera, Mecoptera, and 
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Monthly Magazine 57:213-225. 

MOller, O. F. 1764. Favna Insectorvm Fridrichsdalina, 
sive methodica descriptio insectorvm agri 
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1850. Species des Coleopteres trimeres 

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notationes Zoologicae Japonenses 8:489-518. 

. 1915a. On the Hemerobiinae of Japan. An- 

notationes Zoologicae Japonenses 9:11—48. 

. 1915b. A synonymic list of Japanese 



Chrysopidae, with descriptions of one new genus and 
three new species. Annals of the Entomological Society 
of America 8:117-123. 



82 



. 1919. Revisional notes on the Japanese 

Hemerobiidae [in Japanese]. Insect World [= Konchu 
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. 1955a. The Dilaridae of Japan and Formosa 



(Neuroptera). Kontyu 23:133-142. 

-. 1955b. Description of Neolysmus ogatai gen. et 



sp. nov., with remarks on the genus Lysmus Navas 
(Neuroptera: Osmylidae). Kontyu 23:13- 15. 
. 1955c. New Chrysopidae from Formosa. Kontyu 



23:143-147. 
. 1955d. Formosan Neuroptera collected by the 



late Dr. T. Kano. Kontyu 23:6-12. 
. 1958. The Neurorthinae, a new subfamily of the 



Sisyridae (Neuroptera). Mushi 32:19-32. 
. 1960. Systematic studies on the Hemerobiidae 



(Neuroptera). Mushi 34:1-69. 
1961. A new species of the Mantispidae from 



Japan (Neuroptera). Mushi 35:63-66. 
. 1963. A remarkable new dilarid from India 



(Neuroptera). Kontyu 31:77-78. 
. 1965. Neotropical Hemerobiidae in the United 



States National Museum. Proceedings of the United 
States National Museum 117:107- 122. 
. 1966. Hemerobiidae, Sisyridae and Osmylidae 



of Formosa and Ryukyu Islands (Neuroptera). Kontyu 

34:193-207. 
NavAs, L. 1900. Notas entomologicas. III. Neuropteros 

del Montseny (Barcelona). Actas de la Sociedad 

espaiiola de Historia natural 29:92-96. 
. 1901. Notas neuropterol6gicas. III. El genero 

Chrysopa en Espana. Butlleti de la Instituci6 catalana 

d'Historia natural 1:23-28. 
. 1903. Dilaridos de Espana. Memorias de la Real 

Academia de Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona (3)4:373- 

381. [Separate: (3)4(28):1-1 1.) 
. 1904a. Notas neuropterologicas. V. 

Myrmeleonidos de Espana. Butlleti de la Instituci6 

catalana d'Historia natural 4:6-10. 
. 1904b. Notas neuropterologicas. VI. 

Neuropteros de Montserrat. Butlleti de la Institucio 

catalana d'Historia natural 4:19-25. 
. 1905. Notas Zoologicas. VII. Insectos orientales 



nuevos 6 poco conocidos. Boletin de la Sociedad 
aragonesa de Ciencias naturales 4:49-55. 
. 1906a. [Notas Zool6gicas.] XI. Tres neuropteros 



nuevos de Espana. Boletin de la Sociedad aragonesa de 
Ciencias naturales 5:134-137. 

. 1906b. Catalogo dcscriptivo de los insectos 

Neuropteros de las Islas Canarias. Revista de la Real 
Academia de Ciencias exactas, fisicas y naturales de 
Madrid 4:687-706. 

1908. Neuropteros nuevos. Memorias de la Real 

Academia de Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona (3)6:401- 
423. [Separate: (3)6(25):l-25.] 

. 1909a. Monografia de la familia de los 

Dilaridos (Ins. Neur.). Memorias de la Real Academia 
de Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona (3)7:619-671. [Sepa- 
rate: (3)7(17):l-55.] 

. 1909b. Neuropteros nuevos de la fauna iberica. 



Pp. 143- 158 in Actas y Memorias del Primer Congreso 
de Naturalistas Espanoles celebrado en Zaragoza los 
dias 7-10 de Octubre de 1908. Zaragoza. 

1909c. Mantispidos nuevos. [I.] Memorias de la 

Real Academia de Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona 
(3)7:473-485. [Separate: (3)7(10):1-15.] 



. 1909d. Sur deux Hemerobides (insectes 

nevropteres) nouveaux. Annales de la Societe 
scientifique de Bruxelles 33(pt. l):215-220. 

-. 1909e. Neur6pteros de los alrededores de Ma- 



drid. Suplemento I. Revista de la real Academia de 
Ciencias exactas, fisicas y naturales de Madrid 8:370- 
380. 
1909f. Notas neuropterologicas. XI. 



Mirmeleonido nuevo de Madagascar. Butlleti de la 
Instituci6 catalana d'Historia natural 6:71-72. 

1909g. Rhaphidides (Insectes Nevropteres) du 



Musee de Paris. Annales de la Societe scientifique de 
Bruxelles 33(pt. 1):143-146. 

[1910a] 1909. Hemerobides nouveaux du Japon 



(Neuroptera). Revue Russe d'Entomologie 9:395-398. 
[Volume 9, number 4, is dated 14 March 1910 from its 
wrapper.] 
. 1910b. Hemerobidos (Ins. Neur.) nuevos con la 



clave de las tribus y generos de la familia. Broteria 
(Zoologica) 9:69-90. 

1910c. Osmylides exotiques (insectes 



nevropteres) nouveaux. Annales de la Societe 
scientifique de Bruxelles 34(pt. 1):188-195. 

1910d. Neuropteros chilenos. (l.a serie). 



Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 14:235-241. 

191 Oe. Monografia de los Nemopteridos (In- 



sectos Neuropteros). Memorias de la real Academia de 
Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona (3)8:341-408. [Separate: 
(3)8(18):l-70.] 

1910f. Cris6pidos nuevos 6 poco conocidos. 



Revista de la real Academia de Ciencias exactas, fisicas 
y naturales de Madrid 9:473-480. 

-. 1910g. Crisopidos (Ins. Neur.) nuevos. Broteria 



(Zoologica) 9:38-59. 

1911a. Nevropteres nouveaux de I'Extreme Ori- 



ent. Revue Russe d'Entomologie 11:111-117. 

1911b [August). Notes sur quelques 



Nevropteres d'Afrique. I. Revue zoologique Africaine 
1:230-244. [Volume 1, fascicle 2. is dated 31 August 
1911 from a note on page 1:469.] 

1911c. Nouvelles formes de Chrysopides (Ins. 



Nevr.) de France. Annales de 1' Association des 
Naturalistes de Levallois-Perret 17:12-14. 

-. 191 Id. Chrysopides nouveaux (Ins. Neur.). An- 



nales de la Societe scientifique de Bruxelles 35(pt. 
2):266-282. 

-. 191 le. Neuropteros chilenos. (2. a serie). 



Revista chilena de Historia natural 15:121-128. 

191 If [November]. Notes sur quelques 



Nevropteres. I. Insecta, Rennes 1:239-246. [Volume 1 
of the serial "Insecta" was issued in 12 monthly parts. 
A footline indicating the month of each part occurs on 
the first page (headed "Entomologie General") of 
eleven of the parts. The only part without a footline, 
which contains this Navas paper, is bound between and 
is continuously paginated with the parts for October 
and December. It is assumed that this part was issued 
in November of 1911.] 

-. 1912a. Crisopidos y Hemerobidos (Ins. Neur.) 



nuevos 6 criticos. Broteria (Zoologica) 10:98-113. 

1912b [June]. Insectos neuropteros nuevos 6 



poco conocidos. Memorias de la real Academia de 
Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona (3)10:135-202. [Sepa- 
rate: (3)10(9):l-70. Series 3, volume 10, number 9, of 
the Memorias is dated June 1912 from its wrapper and 
title page.] 



OSWALD AND PENNY: NEUROPTERA. MEGALOPTERA, AND RAPHIDIOPTERA 



83 



Navas, L. 1912c. Notes sur quelques Nevropteres de 
I'Afrique. IV. Quelques Nevropteres du Congo Beige. 
Revue zoologique Africaine 2:91-100. 

. 1912d. Family Nemopteridae. Neuroptera. Gen- 
era Insectorum Fascicle 136:1-23. 

. 1912e. Quelques Nevropteres de la Siberie 

meridionale-orientale. Revue Russe d'Entomologie 
12:414-422. 

. 1912f [April]. Notes sur quelques Nevropteres. 

III. Nevropteres de I'Afrique nouveaux ou critiques. In- 
secla, Rennes 2:68-80. [Dated April 1912 from a foot- 
line on page 2:65.] 

. 1912g. Notas sobre Mirmele6nidos (Ins. Neur.). 



Broteria (Zoologica) 10:29-75, 85-97. [Volume 10, 
fascicle 1, containing pages 29- 75, is dated February 
1912 from its wrapper.] 
. 1912h. Trois Myrmeleonides (Neur.) nouveaux 



de I'Afrique. Fauna Exotica, Frankfurt am Main 1 :45- 
46. [Separate with modified page layout, [6] pp.] 

1912i [October]. Notes sur quelques 

Nevropteres. IV. Nevropteres d'Algerie recueillis par 
M. le Baron P. Surcouf. Insecta, Rennes 2:217-228. 
[Dated October 1912 from a footline on page 2:217.] 

1912J [April]. Myrmeleonides nouveaux de 



I'Extreme Orient (Neuroptera). Revue Russe 

d'Entomologie 12:110-114. [Volume 12, number 1, is 

dated 20 April 1912 from its wrapper.] 
. 1912k. Insectos Neur6pteros nuevos. Pp. 746- 

751 in Verhandlungen des VIII Internationalen 

Zoologenkongresses zu Graz, 15-20 August 1910. Gus- 

tav Fischer, Jena. 
19121. Notes sur quelques Nevropteres de 

I'Afrique. II. Revue zoologique Africaine 1:401-410. 
. 1912m. Myrmeleonides (Ins. Nevr.) nouveaux 



ou peu connus. Annales de la Societe scientifique de 

Bruxelles 36(pt. 2):203-248. 
. 1912n. Bemerkungen uber die Neuropteren der 

Zoologischen Staatssammlung in Munchen. III. 

Mitteilungen der Miinchner entomologischen Gesell- 

schaft 3:55-59. 
. 1912o. Bemerkungen iiber die Neuropteren der 

Zoologischen Staatssammlung in Munchen. IV. 

Mitteilungen der Miinchner entomologischen Gesell- 

schaft 3:89-95. 
. 1913a. Neuropteros del R. Museo Zool6gico de 

Napoles. Annuario del Museo Zoologico della R. 

Universita di Napoli (N.S.)4(3):1-1 1. 
. 1913b. Sinopsis de los Ascalafidos (Ins. Neur.). 



Arxius de I'lnstitut [d'Estudis Catalans, Seccio] de 
Ciencies. Barcelona 1(3):45-143 [Separate: l(3):l-99.] 

. 1913c. Neuroptera Asiatica. I series. Revue 

Russe d'Entomologie 13:271-284. 

. 1913d. Nevropteres nouveaux du Zambese. An- 



nales de la Societe scientifique de Bruxelles 37(pt. 
l):87-93. 

. 1913e. Mis excursiones por el extranjero en el 

verano de 1912 (25 julio - 16 sepliembre). Memorias 
de la real Academia de Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona 
(3)10:479-514. [Separate: (3)10(24):l-38.] 

-. 1913f. [Ninga nom. nov.]. Boletin de la 



Sociedad aragonesa de Ciencias nalurales 12:122-123. 

. 1913g. Nevropteres. Pp. 69-77 in Mission du 

Service Geographique de I'Armee pour la mesure I'un 
arc de meridien equatorial en Amerique du Sud sous le 
controle scientifique de 1* Academic des Sciences 1899- 
1906. Tome 10 (Entomologie - Botanique), Fascicule 1 



(Hymenopteres, Orthopteres, Nevropteres, Araignees). 
Paris. 

. [1913h] 1912-1913 [31 December]. Les 

Chrysopides (Ins. Nevr.) du Musee de Londres. [la.] 
Annales de la Societe scientifique de Bruxelles 37(pt. 
2):292-330. [For the conclusion of this paper see Navas 
19141. Evidence fixing the month and/or day of publi- 
cation of this work is lacking. We date this work from 
the last day of 1913 in accordance with Article 21c(ii) 
of the Code. The title page of volume 37 of the Annales 
is dated 1913 and 1912-1913.] 

19131. Crisopidos sudamericanos. Broteria 



(Zool6gica) 11:73-104, 149-168. 
1913J. Algunos organos de las alas de los in- 



sectos. Pp. 178-186 in Transactions of the 2nd Interna- 
tional Congress of Entomology, Oxford (1912). Vol. 2. 
. 1913k. Expedition to the central western Sahara. 



X. Quelques Nevropteres du Sahara Francais. Novitates 

Zoologicae 20:444^58. 
. 19131. Mirmele6nido (Ins. Neur.) de Chile. 

Revista chilena de Historia natural 17:234-244. 
. 1913m. Bemerkungen iiber die Neuropteren der 

Zoologischen Staatssammlung in Munchen. V. 

Mitteilungen der Miinchner entomologischen Gesell- 

schaft 4:9-15. 
1913n. Neuropteros nuevos de America. 

Broteria (Zoologica) 11:45-53. 

. 1914a. Family Dilaridae. Neuroptera. Genera In- 
sectorum Fascicle 156:1-14. 
. 1914b. Neuropteros de Oceania. Primera [I] 



serie. Revista de la real Academia de Ciencias exactas, 
fisicas y naturales de Madrid 12:464^83. 

. 1914c. Neurotteri planipenni, raccolti de S. A. 

R. la Duchessa d'Aosta suUa regione dei grandi laghi 
dell'Africa equatoriale. Annuario del Museo Zoologico 
della R. Universita di Napoli (N.S.)4(12):1^. 

. 1914d. Notes sur quelques Nevropteres du 

Congo Beige. [I.] Revue Zoologique Africaine 3:365- 
377. 

. 1914e. Neuropteros sudamericanos. Primera [I] 

serie. Broteria (Zoologica) 12:45-56, 215-234. [Vol- 
ume 12, fascicle 3, containing pages 215-234, is dated 
October 1914 from its wrapper.] 

1914f. Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en 



Afrique Orientale (1911-1912). Resultats scientifiques. 
Insectes Nevropteres. I. Planipennia et Mecoptera. 52 
pp. 

. 1914g. Algunos Neuropteros del Museo de Ox- 
ford. I serie. Boletin de la Sociedad aragonesa de 
Ciencias naturales 13:61-68. 

. 1914h. Neuropteros de Oceania. Segunda [II] 

serie. Revista de la real Academia de Ciencias exactas, 
fisicas y naturales de Madrid 12:645-653. 

1914i. Quelques Nevropteres recueillis par le 



Dr. Malcolm Burr en Transcaucasie. Revue Russe 
d'Entomologie 14:211-216. 

. 1914J. Mantispidos nuevos. (Segunda [II] serie). 

Memorias de la real Academia de Ciencias y Artes de 
Barcelona (3)11:83-103. [Separate: (3)1 1 (7):l-23.] 

. 1914k. Neuropteros nuevos de Africa. Memorias 

de la real Academia de Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona 
(3)10:627-653. [Separate: (3)10(30):l-29.] 

[19141] 1913-1914 [January]. Les Chrysopides 



(Ins. Nevr.) du Musee de Londres. [lb]. Conclusion [to 
Navas 1913h]. Annales de la Societe scientifique de 
Bruxelles 38(pt. 2):73-114. [Dated January 1914 in ac- 
cordance with Article 21c(ii) of the Code and informa- 



84 



tion in Adams, P. A., 1975, Psyche 82:167-173 (see pp. 
168-169). Adams indicates that the number containing 
this paper was published in December 1913 or January 
1914. The title page of volume 38 of the Annales is 
dated 1914 and 1913-1914.] 

Navas, L. 1914m [February]. New Neuroptera from the 
United States. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological 
Society 9:13-20. [Volume 9, number 1, is dated Febru- 
ary 1914 from its wrapper.] 

. 1914n. Neuropteros de la Tripolitania. II serie. 

Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo 
Doria, Genoa 46:202-209. 

1914o [31 December]. Nuevo mirmele6nido 



(Ins. Neur.) de la fauna europea. Pp. 39-44 in 
Asociacion Espanola para el Progreso de las Ciencias, 
Congreso de Madrid (4th?, held in 1913?). [Evidence 
fixing the month and/or day of publication of this work 
is lacking. We date this work from the last day of 1914 
in accordance with Article 21c(ii) of the Code.] 

[1914p] 1913-1914 [31 July]. Myrmeleonides 



(Ins. Nevr.) nouveaux ou critiques. [I.] Annales de la 
Societe scientifique de Bruxelles 38(pl. 2):229-254. 
[Dated 31 July in accordance with Article 21c(ii) of the 
Code and information in Adams, P. A., Psyche 82:167- 
173 (see pp. 168-169). Adams indicates that volume 38 
was completed "prior to August 1914." The title page 
of this volume is dated 1914 and 1913-1914.] 
. 1914q. Neuropteros de Oceania. Trecera [III] 



serie. Revista de la real Academia de Ciencias exactas, 
fisicas y naturales de Madrid 13:231-236. 

. 1914r [May]. Neuropteros nuevos o poco con- 

ocidos. (Segunda [II] serie). Memorias de la real Aca- 
demia de Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona (3)11:105-119. 
[Separate: (3)11(8):1-17. Series 3, volume 11, number 
8, is dated May 1914 from its wrapper and title page.] 

. 1914s. Nevropteres nouveaux de I'Amerique du 

Nord. Heme serie. Entomologische Zeitschrift, Frank- 
furt am Main 28:18-20, 25-26. [Volume 2, number 4, 
containing pages 18-20, is dated 25 April 1914 from its 
text header.] 

. 1914t. [Neuroptera nova africana.] II series. 

Memorie dell'Accademia Pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, 
Rome (1)32:90-99. 

1914u. Notes sur quelques Nevropteres du 

Congo Beige. II. Revue Zoologique Africaine 4:91- 
100. 

1914v [31 December]. Mirmeleonidos (Ins. 



Neur.) de Europa. Pp. 746-766 in IXe Congres Interna- 
tional de Zoologie, Monaco (held in 1913). [Evidence 
fixing the month and/or day of publication of this work 
is lacking. We date this work from the last day of 1914 
in accordance with Article 21c(ii) of the Code.] 

1914w. Neuroptera asiatica. Ill series. Revue 



Russe d'Entomologie 14:6-13. 

. 1915a. Neuropteros nuevos o poco conocidos. 

(Sexta [VI] serie). Memorias de la real Academia de 
Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona (3)12:119-136. [Sepa- 
rate: (3)12(7):l-20.] 

1915b. [Neuroptera nova africana.] VI Series. 



Memorie dell'Accademia Pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, 
Rome (2)1:30-39. 

. 1915c. Neur6pteros nuevos 6 poco conocidos. 

(Cuarta [IV] serie). Memorias de la real Academia de 
Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona (3)11:373-398. [Sepa- 
rate: (3)ll(23):l-28.] 

. 1915d [February]. Neuropteros sudamericanos. 

Segunda [II] serie. Broteria (Zool6gica) 13:5-13. [Vol- 



ume 13, fascicle 1, is dated 1 February 1915 from its 
wrapper.] 

. 1915e [June]. Neur6pteros nuevos 6 poco con- 
ocidos. (Quinta [V] serie). Memorias de la Real Acade- 
mia de Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona (3)11:455-480. 
[Separate: (3)1 l(27):l-28. Series 3, volume 11, number 
27, is dated 15 June 1915 from its wrapper and title 
page.] 

. 1915f. Some Neuroptera from the United States. 

Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 10:50- 
54. 

1915g. Mirmeleonides (Ins. Neur.) de Europa. 

Revista de la real Academia de Ciencias exactas, fisicas 
y naturales de Madrid 13:602-635. 

1915h. Notas sobre Rafididos (Ins. Neur.). 



Revista de la real Academia de Ciencias exactas, fisicas 
y naturales de Madrid 13:784-797, 860-874. 

. [19151] 1914-1915. Sympherobius amicus 

Navas sp. n. Pp. 332-333 in F. Silvestri, Contributo 
alia conoscenza degU insetti deU'oliva dell'Eritrea e 
dell'Africa meridionale. Bollettino del Laboratorio de 
Zoologia Generale e Agraria dell Facolta Agraria in 
Portici 9:240-334. [The index to volume 9 dates 
Silvestri's paper 20 February 1915. The two title pages 
of this volume are dated: (1) 1914 and (2) 1914-1915.] 

. 1915J. Crisopids d'Europa (Ins. Neur.). Arxius 

de rinstitut [d'Estudis Catalans, Seccio] de Ciencies, 
Barcelona 3(2):l-99. 

1916a. Neuropteros nuevos 6 poco conocidos. 

(Septima [VII] serie). Memorias de la real Academia de 
Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona (3)12:219-243. [Sepa- 
rate: (3)12(13):l-27.] 

1916b. Neuropteros sudamericanos. Trecera 



[III] serie. Broteria (Zoologica) 14:14-35. 
. 1916c. Algunos Mirmeleonidos (Ins. Neur.) de 



Africa pertenecientes al Museo Civico de Historia Nat- 
ural de Genova. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Na- 
turale Giacomo Doria, Genoa 47:360-364. 

1916d. Neuroptera Nova Africana. VII Series. 

Memorie dell'Accademia Pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, 
Rome (2)2:51-58. 

. 1916e. Les Myrmeleonides d'Europe et des 

contrees limitrophes. [V.] Insecta, Rennes 6:79-89. 

. 1916f. Notas sobre el orden de los Rafidi6pteros 



(Ins.). Memorias de la real Academia de Ciencias y 
Artes de Barcelona (3)12:507-513. [Separate: 
(3)1 2(20): 1-9.] 
. 1917a. Notes sobre la familia de los Osmilidos 



(Ins. Neur.). Musei Barcinonensis Scientiarum Natural- 
ium. Opera 4(1): 1-21 [Alternate citation: Treballs. 
Museu de Ciencias Naturals, Barcelona (Zoologica) No. 
11:1-21.] 

1917b. Neue Neuropteren. Dritte [III] serie. En- 
tomologische Mitteilungen 6:274-282. 

1917c. Insecta nova. II Series. Memorie 



dell'Accademia Pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, Rome 
(2)3:12-22. 
1917d. Nevropteres de I'lndo-Chine. 2e serie. 



Insecta, Rennes 7:8-17. 

-. [1917e] 1915. Ensayo monografico de la familia 



de los Sicopsidos (Ins. Neur.). Pp. 181-210 in 
Asociacion Espanola para el Progreso de las Ciencias, 
Congreso de Valladolid (5th, held in October 1915). 
Vol. 6. [Dated 1917 from the title page of volume 6 of 
the results of the Valladolid congress. Tillyard's 
(1919:750, 785) dating of this paper from 1916 could 
not be corroborated.] 



OSWALD AND PENNY: NEUROPTERA, MEGALOPTERA, AND RAPHIDIOPTERA 



85 



Navas, L. 1918a. Neuropteros nuevos 6 poco conocidos. 
(Decima [X] serie). Memorias de la real Academia de 
Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona (3)14:339-366. [Sepa- 
rate: (3) 14(4): 1-30.] 

1918b. Algunos insectos de la Republica Argen- 
tina. I. Revista de la real Academia de Ciencias exactas, 
fisicas y naturales de Madrid 16:491-504. 

. 1918c. Insecta nova. IV Series. Memorie 



deirAccademia Pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, Rome 
(2)4:13-23. 
. 191 8d. Insectos Chilenos. Boletin de la 



Sociedad aragonesa de Ciencias naturales 17:212-230. 

. 1918e. Quelques Nevropteres d'Algerie. In- 
secta, Rennes 8:167-176. 

. 1919a. Algunos insectos Neuropteros de la 

Republica Argentina. Serie trecera [III]. Revista de la 
real Academia de Ciencias exactas, fisicas y naturales 
de Madrid 17:287-305. 

. 1919b. Neuropteros de Espana nuevos. Segunda 

[II] serie. Boletin de la Sociedad entomol6gica de 
Espana 2:218-223. 

. 1919c. Nevropteres de I'lndoCchine. 3e serie. 



Insecta, Rennes 9:185-194. 
. 1919d. Insecta nova. VI Series. Memorie 



deir Accademia Pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, Rome 
(2)5:11-19. 

. [1919e] 1918. Monografia de I'ordre dels 

Rafidiopters (Ins.). Arxius de I'lnstitut [d'Estudis 
Catalans, Seccio] de Ciencias, Barcelona. 90 pp. [See 
note below under Navas [1919f] 1918.] 

. [1919f] 1918. Rafidiopter (Ins.) Nou. Arxius de 

rinstitut [d'Estudis Catalans, Seccio] de Ciencias, Bar- 
celona, pp. 91-93. [This paper was published as an ad- 
dendum to Navas [1919e] 1918. Though the title page 
of the latter is dated 1918, we date both works March 
1919 from a notation on page 93.] 

[1920a] 1919. A contribution to the knowledge 

of the neuropterous insects of Algeria. Novitates 
Zoologicae 26:283-290. [Volume 26, number 2, is 
dated 20 January 1920 from a note on page 26:vii.] 

. 1920b. Insectos sudamericanos. (2a serie). An- 



ales de la Sociedad cientifica argentina 90:44-51. 

. 1920c. Insectos sudamericanos. (3a serie). An- 

ales de la Sociedad cientifica argentina 90:52-72. 

. [1920d] 1919-1920 [31 December]. Sur des 

Nevropteres nouveaux ou critiques. Deuxieme [II] 
serie. Annals de la Sociele scientifique de Bruxelles 
39(pt. 2):189-203. [Evidence fixing the month and/or 
day of publication of this work is lacking. We dale this 
work from the last day of 1920 in accordance with Ar- 
ticle 21c(ii) of the Code. The title page of volume 39 
of the Annales is dated 1919-1920.] 

1920e. Sur des Nevropteres nouveaux ou cri- 



tiques. Premiere [I] serie. Annales de la Sociele 
scientifique de Bruxelles 39(pt. 2):27-37. 
. 1921a. Insectos americanos nuevos o crilicos. 



Broteria (Zoologica) 19:113-124. 

. [1921b] 1919. Comunicaciones entomologicas. 

4. Insectos ex6ticos nuevos, criticos 6 poco conocidos. 
Revista de la real Academia de Ciencias exactas, fisico- 
quimicas y naturales de Zaragoza 6:61-81. 

. [1921c] 1919. Comunicaciones entomologicas. 

3. Insectos exdticos. Revista de la real Academia de 
Ciencias exactas, fisico-quimicas y naturales de 
Zaragoza 4:287-306. [Dated 21 April 1921 from a foot- 
line on the "Indice" page of volume 4 of the Revista. 



The title page of volume 4 is dated 1919 and 1920. The 
wrapper of this volume is dated 1919 and 1921.] 

1921d. Algunos insectos de Santa Fe (Republica 

Argentina). Estudios; Revista Mensual [Academia 
(Literaria) del Plata], Buenos Aires 1921:49-55. 

. 1922a. Insectos nuevos o poco conocidos. [I.] 

Memorias de la real Academia de Ciencias y Aries de 
Barcelona (3)17:383^00. [Separate: (3)17(15):l-20.] 

1922b. Insectos ex6ticos. Broteria (Zoologica) 

20:49- 63. 

. [1922c] 1921. Insectos sudamericanos. Cuarta 



[IV] serie. Revista de la real Academia de Ciencias ex- 
actas, fisicas y naturales de Madrid 19:255-267. [Vol- 
ume 19, issue Enero-Junio, is dated 1922 from its 
wrapper and a footline on page 19:225.] 

. 1922d. Nevropteres nouveaux ou critiques. 

Cinquieme [V] serie. Annales de la Sociele scientifique 
de Bruxelles 41 (pt. l):250-256. 

. 1922e. Algunos insectos del Museo 

Enlomologico de Berlin "Deuisches Eniomologisches 
Museum." Broteria (Zool6gica) 20:87-92. 

. 1923a. Insecta nova. VIII Series. Memorie dell* 



Accademia pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, Rome (2)6:1-8. 
. 1923b. Insecta orientalia. I Series. Memorie 



deir Accademia pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, Rome 
(2)6:29-41. 

[1923c] 1922. Algunos insectos del Museo de 

Paris, [l.a serie.] Revista de la real Academia de 
Ciencias exactas, fisico-quimicas y naturales de 
Zaragoza 7:15-51. [Dated 16 November 1923 from a 
note on page 7:266. The wrapper and title page are 
dated 1922 and 1923.] 

. 1923d. Quelques Myrmeleonides (Ins. Nevr.) 

d'Afrique. Annales de la Sociele scientifique de 
Bruxelles 43(pt. 1):143-147. 

1923e. Estudis sobre Neuropters (Insecies). 



Arxius de I'lnstitut [d'Estudis Catalans, Seccio] de 
Ciencies, Barcelona 7:179-203. 
1923f. Insecta nova. IX Series. Memorie 



deir Accademia pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, Rome 

(2)6:9-18. 
. 1923g. Algunos insectos del Brasil. 2. a serie. 

Revista de Museu Paulista, Sao Paulo 13:767-774. 
1923h. Nevropteres de Barbaric. Quatrieme [IV] 

serie. Bulletin de la Sociele d'Hisloire nalurelle de 

I'Afrique du Nord 14:339-340. 
. 1924a. Insecta orientalia. Ill Series. Memorie 



deir Accademia pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, Rome 
(2)7:217-228. 
1924b. Algunos insectos de Chile. 2. a serie. 



Revista chilena de Historia natural 28:12-16. 
. 1924c. Insectos de la America Central. Broteria 



(Zoologica) 21:55-86. 
. 1924d. Myrmeleonides (Ins. Nevr.) nouveaux ou 



critiques. 2me serie. Annales de la Sociele scientifique 
de Bruxelles 44(pt. l):70-74. 
1924e. Algunos insectos del Museo de Paris. 2. a 



serie [part a]. Broteria (Zoologica) 21:99-114. 
1924f. Insecta orientalia. II Series. Memorie 



deirAccademia pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, Rome 
(2)7:211-216. 

(1924g] 1923. Entomologia de Calalunya, 



Neur6plers. Publicacions de I'lnstitut d'Estudis 

Catalans, Seccio de Ciencies, Barcelona. 270 pp. 

[Dated 5 February 1924 from a footline on page [271].] 

. 1925a. Insectos neotropicos. l.a serie. Revista 



chilena de Historia natural 29:305-313. 



86 



Navas, L. 1925b. Nevropteres nouveaux. Annales de la 
Societe scientifique de Bruxelles 44(pt. l):566-573. 

1925c. Insectos exoticos nuevos 6 poco con- 

ocidos. Segunda [II] serie. Memorias de la real Acade- 
mia de Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona (3)19:181-200. 
[Separate: (3)19(5):l-22.] 

[1925d] 1924. Comunicaciones Entomologicas. 



7. Neuropteros del Museo de Berlin. Revisu de la real 
Academia de Ciencias exactas, fisico-quimicas y natu- 
rales de Zaragoza 9:20-34. [Dated 20 October 1925 
from a footUne on the "Indice" page for volume 9. The 
wrapper and title page of this volume are dated 1924 
and 1925.] 
. 1925e. Insectes du Congo Beige. Serie I. Revue 



Zoologique Africaine 13:123-132. 

1925f. Neuropteren, Megalopteren, Plecopteren 



und Trichopteren. I serie. Entomologische MitteUungen 

14:205-212. 
. 1925g. [Nehornius nom. nov.]. Boletin de la 

Sociedad entomologica de Espana 8:29. 
[1925h] 1924. Sinopsis de los Neuropteros 

(Ins.) de la peninsula iberica. Memorias de la Sociedad 

iberica de Ciencias naturales 4:1-150. [Dated from 

footnote on page 4:[150].] 
. 1926a. Nevropteres d'Egypte et de Palestine. 

3me partie. Bulletin de la Societe royale entomologique 

d'Egypte 10:192-216. 
. 1926b. Insectos ex6ticos Neuropteros y afines. 



Broteria (Zool6gica) 23:79-93. 
. 1926c. Insecta nova. Series XI. Memorie 



deir Accademia pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, Roma 

(2)9:101-110. 
. 1926d. Algunos insectos del Brasil. (3. a serie). 

Broteria (Zool6gica) 23:5-15. 
. 1926e. Nevropteres d'Egypt et de Palestine. 

2me partie. Bulletin de la Societe royale entomologique 

d'Egypte 10:26-62. 
. 1926f. Insectes du Congo Beige. Serie II. Revue 



de Zoologie Africaine 14:85-90. 

-. 1926g. El genero Symmathetes MacLachl. (Neu- 



ropt. Mirmeleonidos). Boletin de la Sociedad 
entomol6gica de Espana 9:155. 
. 1927a [31 December]. Veinticinco formas nue- 



vas de insectos. Boletin de la Sociedad iberica de 
Ciencias naturales 26:48-75. [Evidence fixing the 
month and/or day of publication of this work is lacking. 
We date this work from the last day of 1927 in accor- 
dance with Article 21c(ii) of the Code.] 
. 1927b. Insectos del Museo de Paris. 4. a serie. 



Broteria (Zool6gica) 24:5-33. 

-. 1927c. Zur Erforschung des Persischen Golfes. 



(Beitrag Nr. 4). Neuroptera. Entomologische 
Mitteilungen 16:183-185. 

1927d. Nemopterido (Ins. Neur.) nuevo de 



America. Revista de la Sociedad entomologica Argen- 
tina 2(3):3-4. 
. [1927e] 1926. Mis excursiones cientificas en 



1926. Revista de la real Academia de Ciencias exactas, 
fisico-quimicas y naturales de Zaragoza 10:81-124. 
[Dated 15 March 1927 from a footline on the "Indice" 
page of volume 10.] 
. 1927f. Insecta Orientalia. V Series. Memorie 



deir Accademia pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, Rome 
(2)10:11-26. 

. [1927g] 1926-1927. Neue Insekten (Neuropt.). 

Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrifl, Berlin 1926:428- 
431. [Jahrgang 1926, part 5, is dated 25 January 1927 



from its wrapper and a note on the "Inhaltsverzeichnis" 
page of this volume. The title page is dated 1926- 
1927.] 
1927h. Insecta nova. Series XII. Memorie 



deir Accademia pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, Rome 
(2)10:1-10. 
. 1928a. Insectos del Museo de Hamburgo. 



Primera [I] serie. Boletin de la Sociedad entomologica 
de Espana 11:59-67, 90-100, 121- 138. 
[1928b] 1927. Insectos neotr6picos. 3. a serie. 



Revista chilena de Historia natural 31:316-328. [Vol- 
ume 31 is dated 1928 from its wrapper.] 
1928c. Insectos de la Somalia ItaUana. Memorie 



della Societa entomologica ItaUana 6:85-89. 
1928d. Insectos del Museo de Estocolmo. 



Revista de la real Academia de Ciencias exactas, fisicas 

y naturales de Madrid (2)24:28-39. 
. 1928e. Insetti europei del Museo Civico di Ge- 

nova. Bollettino della Societa entomologica Italiana 

60:75-83. 
. 1929a. Insectos exoticos neuropteros y afines 



del Museo Civico de Genova. Annali del Museo Civico 

di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria, Genoa 53:354-389. 

. 1929b. Monografia de la familia de los 



Berotidos (Insectos, Neuropteros). Memorias de la real 
Academia de Ciencias exactas, fisico-quimicas y natu- 
rales de Zaragoza 2:1-107. 
. [1929c] 1928. Insectos neotropicos. 4. a serie. 



Revista chilena de Historia natural 32:106-128. [Vol- 
ume 32 is dated February 1929 from its wrapper.] 
. 1929d. Insectos Neuropteros del Museo de Ham- 



burgo. Memorias de la real Sociedad espanola de Histo- 
ria natural 15:315-322. 
. 1929e. [Insecta orientalia.] VII Series. Memorie 



dell'Accademia pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, Rome 
(2)12:43-56. 
. 1929f. Insecta nova. Series XIII. Memorie 



dell'Accademia pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, Rome 
(2)12:15-23. 
1929g. Insectos del Brasil. 3. a serie. Revista de 



Museu Paulista, Sao Paulo 16:857-864. 
. [1929h] 1928. Comunicaciones entomologicas. 



10. Insectos de la India, l.a serie. Revista de la real 
Academia de Ciencias exactas, fisico-quimicas y natu- 
rales de Zaragoza 12:177-197. [Dated 20 March 1929 
from a footline on page 12:197.] 
. 1929i. [Insecta nova.] Series XIV. Memorie 



dell'Accademia pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, Rome 
(2)12:24-32. 
. 1930a. Insectos neotropicos. 5. a serie. Revista 



chilena de Historia natural 33:17-24. 
. 1930b. Insectos del Museo de Paris. 5.a serie. 



Broteria (Zoologica) 26:5-24. 
. 1930c. Insectos del Museo de Paris. 6. a serie. 



Broteria (Zoologica) 26:120-144. 
. 1930d. Insecta nova. Series XV. Memorie 



dell'Accademia pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, Rome 
(2)14:409^18. 

-. [1930e] 1929. Comunicaciones entomologicas. 



12. Insectos de la India. 2. a serie. Revista de la real 
Academia de Ciencias exactas, fisico-quimicas y natu- 
rales de Zaragoza 13:29-48. [Dated 30 August 1930 
from a footline on the "Indice" page of volume 13.] 
1930f. Insecta orientalia. VIII Series. Memorie 



dell'Accademia pontifica dei Nuovi Lincei, Rome 
(2)14:419-434. 



OSWALD AND PENNY: NEUROPTERA, MEGALOPTER A. AND RAPHIDIOPTERA 



87 



Navas, L. 1930g. Cambios de nombres. Bolelin de la 
Sociedad entomologica de Espana 13:42-43. 

. 1931a. Insectos del Museo de Paris. 8. a serie. 

Broteria (Zoologica) 27:114-136. 

. 1931b. Decadas de insectos nuevos. Decada 1. 



Revista de la real Academia de Ciencias exactas, fisicas 

y naturales de Madrid 26:60-69. 
1931c. Insectes du Congo Beige. (Serie V). 

Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 20:257- 

279. 
. 1932a. Insectos de Papudo (Aconcagua) 

recogidos por don Arturo Fontecilla en Febrero de 

1930. Revista chilena de Historia Natural 35:71-73. 
. 1932b. Neuropteros de Haiti. Boletin de la 

Sociedad entomologica de Espana 15:33-37. 

1932c. Insectes du Congo Beige. Serie VII. 



Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 22:269- 

290. 
. 1932d. Alcuni insetti del Museo di Zoologia 

della R. Universita di Torino. Bollettino dei Musei di 

Zoologia e di Anatomia Comparata della R. Universita 

di Torino (3)42(26): 1-38. 
. 1932e. Decadas de insectos nuevos. Decada 19. 



Broteria (Ciencias naturais) 28:62-73. 
. 1932f. Missione scientifica del Prof. E. 



Zavattari nel Fezzan (1931). Bollettino della Societa 

entomologica Italiana 64:110-114. 
. 1932g. [Decadas de insectos nuevos.] Decada 

20. Broteria (Ciencias Naturais) 28:74-85. 
. 1932h. Insectos suramericanos. Quinta [V] 

serie. Revista de la real Academia de Ciencias exactas, 

fisicas y naturales de Madrid 29:53-66. 
. 1933a. De la cazas del Sr. Gadeau de Kerville 



en el Asia Menor. Pp. 221-225 in Travaux. Ve Congres 
International d'Entomologie, Paris (1932). Vol. 2. 
. 1933b. Decadas de insectos nuevos. Decada 24. 



Broteria (Ciencias Naturais) 29:101-110. 

. 1933c. Insectes du Congo Beige. Serie VIII. 

Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 23:308- 
318. 

1933d. Insectos de la Argentina. Revista de la 

Academia de Ciencias exactas, fisico-quimicas y natu- 
rales de Zaragoza 16:87-120. 

. 1933e. Decadas de insectos nuevos. Decada 23. 



Broteria (Ciencias Naturais) 29:34—44. 

. (1934a] 1933. Comunicaciones entomol6gicas. 

17. Insectos de Madagascar. Primera [I] serie. Revista 
de la real Academia de Ciencias exactas, fi'sico- 
quimicas y naturales de Zaragoza 17:49-76. [Dated 4 
June 1934 from a fooiline on page 17:142.] 

. 1934b. Insectos suramericanos. Octava [VIII] 

serie. Revista de la real Academia de Ciencias exactas, 
fisicas y naturales de Madrid (2)31:9-28. 

. 1934c. Insectos del Museo de Hamburgo. 2. a 

serie. Memorias de la real Academia de Ciencias y 
Artes de Barcelona (3)23:499-508. [Separate: 
(3)23(24):1-12.] 

1934d. Algunos insectos de Chile. [5. a serie 



(sic) = 6. a serie]. Revista chilena de Historia natural 

38:9-12. 
. 1934e. Insectos suramericanos. Novena [IX] 

serie. Revista de la Real Academia de Ciencias exactas, 

fisicas y naturales de Madrid (2)31:155-184. 
1935a. Monografia de la familia de los Sisiridos 

(Insectos Neur6pteros). Memorias de la Academia de 

Ciencias exactas, fisico-quimicas y naturales de 

2Uiragoza 4:1-87. 



1935b. Neuropteros exolicos. 2. a serie. Memo- 
rias de la real Academia de Ciencias y Artes de Barce- 
lona (3)25:37-59. [Separate: (3)25(3):l-25.] 

[1935c] 1934. Comunicaciones entomologicas. 



18. Insectos de Madagascar. Segunda [II] serie. Revista 
de la real Academia de Ciencias exactas, fisico- 
quimicas y naturales de Zaragoza 18:42-74. [Dated 24 
April 1935 from a footline on page 18:177.] 
. 1935d. Neurotteri. Annali del Museo Civico di 



Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria, Genoa 58:50-55. 

. 1936a. Mission Scientifique de I'Omo. Tome 

III. Fascicle 19. Neuroptera, Embioptera, Plccoptera, 
Ephemeroptera et Trichoptera. Memoires du Museum 
national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris (N.S.)4:101-128. 

. [1936b] 1935. Comunicaciones entomologicas. 

19. Insectos de Madagascar. Trecera [III] serie. Revista 
de la real Academia de Ciencias exactas, fisico- 
quimicas y naturales de Zaragoza 19:100-110. [Dated 
31 January 1936 from a footline on page 19:110.] 

1936c. Decadas de insectos nuevos. Decada 28. 



Broteria (Ciencias Naturais) 32:161-170. 

1936d. Nevropteres et insectes voisins Chine et 

pays environnants. (Neuvieme [IX] serie). Notes 
d'Entomologie Chinoise 3:37-62. 117-132. 

. [1936e] 1935. Insectos de Berberia. Serie 12. 



Boletin de la Sociedad entomol6gica de Espana 18:77- 
100. [Volume 18, number 7-9, is dated 13 May 1936 
from a note on page 18:122.] 

. 1936f. Insectes du Congo Beige. Serie IX. 

Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 28:333- 
368. 

NavAs, L. and a. F. Marcet. 1910. Coniopterigido 
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Neave, S. a. (ed.). 1939-1975. Nomenclator Zoologi- 
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1909. Notes on the Neuroptera in the collection 

of the Indian Museum. Records of the Indian Museum 
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New, T. R. 1980. A revision of the Australian 
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. 1981. A revision of the Australian Nymphidae 

(Insecta: Neuroptera). Australian Journal of Zoology 
29:707-750. 

. 1982. A reappraisal of the status of the 

Stilbopterygidae (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontoidea). Jour- 
nal of the Australian Entomological Society 21:71-75. 

1983a. A revision of the Australian Osmylidae: 



Kempyninae (Insecta: Neuroptera). Australian Journal 
of Zoology 31:393-420. 
. 1983b. Revision of the osmylid subfamilies 



Porisminae and Eidoporisminae (Insecta: Neuroptera). 
Australian Journal of Zoology 31:763-770. 



88 



. 1984a. Revision of the Australian Ascalaphidae. 

Australian Journal of Zoology, Supplementary Series 

100:1-86. 
. 1984b. Intergeneric relationships in recent 



Nymphidae. Pp. 125-131 in Progress in World's Neu- 
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1985a. A revision of the Australian 



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. 1985b. A revision of the Australian 



Myrmeleontidae (Insecta: Neuroptera). II. 
Dendroleontini. Australian Journal of Zoology, Supple- 
mentary Series 105:1-170. 
. 1985c. A revision of the Australian 



Myrmeleontidae (Insecta: Neuroptera). III. Dis- 
toleontini and Acanthaclisinae. Australian Journal of 
Zoology, Supplementary Series 106:1-159. 
. 1986a. A new Australian genus of 



Stenosmylinae (Neuroptera: Osmylidae). Systematic 
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. 1986b. A review of the biology of the Neu- 



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. 1987. Nymphidae (Insecta: Neuroptera) from 

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Hemerobiidae (Insecta: Neuroptera). Invertebrate Tax- 
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roptera) of australia and the Oriental Region. Inverte- 
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schweizerischen Nationalpark 10:169-207. 

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. 1910c. Die Sialiden Japans. Wiener En- 

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-. 1911. Beitrag zur Mantispiden-Fauna Japans. 



1912. Ein neue Chrysopiden-Art Japans. Trans- 
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Olfers, E. W. M. von. 1907. Die "Ur-Insecten" (Thy- 
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1811. 'Myrmeleon, Wyrme/con.' Pp. 115-128 

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. 1989a. A reassessment of the taxonomic status 



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Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen 



OSWALD AND PENNY: NEUROPTERA. MEGALOPTERA, AND RAPHIDIOPTERA 



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Reiches. Vol. 1. Academie der Wissenschaften, St. Pe- 
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some papers published by N.D. Penny (and coauthors) 
in the journal Acta Amazonica. In several cases the ac- 
tual years of publication are one or even two years later 
than their dales as given on the title pages of their re- 
spective journal numbers. We have found no record of 
the true dates of publication in the journal numbers 
themselves. However, we have noted and compared 
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-. [1982c] 1981. Neuroptera of the Amazon 



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90 



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