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Full text of "The odes of Horace"

THE LIBRARY 

OF 

THE UNIVERSITY 
OF CALIFORNIA 

LOS ANGELES 



The 

Odes of Horace 



ENGLISHED BY 

WILLIAM HATHORN MILLS, M. A. 



LBDEMB STREET & ZEUS COMPANY 

BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA 

19X4 



COPYRIGHT, 1921 

BY WILLIAM HATHORN MILLS 

Reprinted January 1934 



BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE 

V\7ILLIAM HATHORN MILLS was 
** born at Orton Waterville, near Peter- 
borough, England, on April 28, 1848. He 
was educated at Haileybury School and 
Pembroke College, Cambridge, of which he 
was a Foundation Scholar, and Prizeman in 
1867 for the best composition in Latin Verse. 
He took an honor degree in the Classical 
Tripos of 1870. 

He was headmaster of Ruthin Grammar 
School from 1875 to 1881, and continued his 
scholastic work in Louth until 1895. 

He was vicar of Kelstern 1892-95, rector 
of Hackthorn 1895-1902, rector of North 
Thoresby 1902-8, and rector of Rand 1908-9. 

Thereafter, owing to poor health, he was 
compelled to spend much of his time in a 
milder climate than that of England, and in 
1913 came to California to visit his son, Dr. 
H. W. Mills. The climate suiting him per- 
fectly, he ultimately made it his home. He 
died at San Bernardino, California, on Sep- 
tember 29, 1923, from angina pectoris. 

He was the author of many books of 
poetry, the best known of which are "Bal- 
lads of Hellas" (first published in 1878 and 
reprinted in 1922), "Calif ornica," "An Old 
Man's Musings," "War Ballads and Verses," 
and a metrical translation of the Odes of 
Horace (1921). 

Requiescat in Pace. 



611117 

UBRAKT 



Stet Capita Hum 



WHETHER he sings of high romance, 
Or hymns the everlasting Sire, 
Or suits his lay to choral dance, 

Or scourges forms of base desire, 
Or paints the lady of his choice, 
Horace is still a living Voice. 

Your sweetly smiling Lalage, 
Whose spirit turned a wolf to flight, 

Your little farm by Tivoli, 

Bandusia's fountain crystal -bright, 

Your haunts, your hospitalities 

Horace, theyVe all before our eyes. 

Orbilius flogged you when at school; 

You have our fullest sympathy, 
For we remember a ferule, 

That smote us oft and lustily; 
Would it had gotten into us 
A measure of your genius. 

You sang how Regulus put aside 
The crowds encumbering his return, 

Refused his wife's kiss, and denied 
Her plea with answer curt and stern; 

"Rome must be saved; let cowards die" 

We hear it yet that haught reply. 



How Paulus and how Cato died, 
Too staunch to fly, too proud to yield; 

How stout Marcellus turned the tide 
Of war in many a foughten field; 

How yeomen played heroic parts 

You've stamped it all upon our hearts. 

They left their farms to fight; they braved 
All pains of death; and, if they fell, 

What mattered it, so Rome were saved? 
Her weal safeguarded, all was well. 

The State must stand, tho' men may die 

That was Old Rome's philosophy. 

You made them household words the names 
Of those who fought and fell for Rome 

And you your memory lives, and claims 
Place at their side in every home; 

Your bones lie on a Roman hill, 

Horace, but you are with us still. 



Puellis Idoneus 



HORACE had many themes ; his rimes 
At times clomb Helicon's peak; at times 
His Muse just sported; 
He sang of Gods, of mighty men, 
Of wines, of rustic joys, of ten 
Damsels he courted. 

Jt seems he had a lot of flames 
From first to last ; his list of names 

Is gey an' long; 

Were they real living demoiselles, 
Or quite imaginary belles 

Just pegs for song? 

Some anyhow were real, and two 
Adorned, as gentle souls and true, 
His poetry 

The kindly Cinara rapt, alas! 
From earth untimely and the lass 
Named Lalage. 



PREFACE 

In the preparation of these versions I consulted with 
advantage Mr. Page's abbreviated edition of Horace. 
But my debt of debts was to my memories of the days 
when I sat at the feet of Arthur Gray Butler, Head- 
Master of Haileybury School in the early Sixties. 
My thanks are also due to several friends whose 
encouragements have helped me to carry on the work 
I had begun a somewhat arduous undertaking for a 
septuagenarian in particular, to Professor L. J. Rich- 
ardson, of the University of California, and Mr. J. C. 
Rowell, Librarian Emeritus of the University Library. 
Three of the Odes I did not care to translate, and have 
therefore omitted them. W. H. M. 



M 



Od. 1. 1 



AECENAS, heir of ancient kings, my heart's dear 
pride, my guardian : 



In chariot-races some delight to gather dust Olympian, 
Whom post, just missed by glowing wheels, and victory's 

palm Palladian, 
Make gods on earth ; thjs man exults if fickle mobs lift 

him on high, 
With threefold honours; that, if Libya's produce fills 

his granary. 
Attalic wealth would never move one, glad to hoe his 

sire's domain, 
To plough, a frightened mariner, in Cyprian galley, 

Myrtos' main. 
The merchant, scared by Afric's war with waves 

Icarian, magnifies 
Home's rural ease, but soon refits, unused to want, his 

argosies. 
There's one who scorns not Massic old, nor hours 

snatched from the working day, 
Stretched 'neath green arbutus, or where some sacred 

fount's rills softly play. 
Full many love what mothers hate, wars, camps, horns' 

scream, and trumpets' blare. 
The hunter keen, young bride forgot, still lingers in 

the chilly air, 
When his good hounds have viewed a hind or Marsian 

boar has burst his nets' 
Strong toils. Me ivy, meed of brows poetic, 'mid the 

high Gods sets. 



10 

Me the cool grove, and fleet Nymphs trooped with 

Satyrs, sever from the throng, 
If but Euterpe's flutes, and sweet Polymnia's harp, 

cease not their song. 

Rank me with lyric bards; my head shall smite the 
stars, their choirs among. 

Od.L 2 

ENOUGH of snow and hailstones dire 
The Sire has scattered, and with red 
Right hand has hurled his bolts of fire 

On sacred heights; then cowered in dread 
City and nations, lest the time 

When portents strange made Pyrrha plain, 
And Porteus bade his sea-herds climb 

High mountains, should return again : 
When in the elm-tops roosting place 

To doves familiar in their haste 
Entangled, hung the fishy race, 

And scared hinds swam the watery waste. 
Tiber we saw, with fierce back-wash 

Of tawny waves from Tuscany's 
Banksides, upon his way to crash 

King's works, and Vesta's sanctuaries. 
Proclaiming vengeance for the fate 

Of Ilia, too-complaining still, 
He crossed his eastern marge in spate, 

Uxorious stream, despite Jove's will. 
Our youth, by parents' vices thinned, 

Shall hear of swords, that better far 



11 

Had smote the Mede, by kin unkinned 

Whetted, alas ! for impious war. 
What God should Rome invoke to stay 

The ruin of our empire's weal? 
What prayers should sacred Virgins pray 

To Vesta, deaf to their appeal? 
To whom will Jove assign the part 

Of expiation? Come at length, 
With aureoled shoulders, thou, who art 

Augur of augurs, in thy strength, 
Phoebus, we pray. Or, if it please 

Thee, smiling Erycina, come 
With Love and Laughter; or, if these 

Thy children, Mars the race of Rome 
So long forgot, are still thy care, 

Quit war's too-wearying game, what tho* 
Thou lov'st shouts, helms, and fiery glare 

Of Moorish kern at blood-stained foe. 
Or if, transformed, thou art content 

Maia's winged Son, to image now 
Young manhood, named, with thy consent, 

Caesar's avenger O come thou ! 
Slow to return to heaven, prolong 

Among Quirinus' folk thy stay; 
No breeze upbear thee, by the wrong 

We do provoked, too soon away. 
That men should call the Chief .and Sire 

Choose that ; with triumphs cheer thy heart 
And let thy rule's avenging ire, 

Caesar, make Parthia's horsemen smart. 



12 

Od. 1. 3 

FOR this may Cyprus' Goddess-Queen, and Helens 
brethren bright, 
And the winds' Sire, releasing but lapyx from his 

cave, 
O ship, whose ward our Virgil is, direct your course 

aright, 
So, landing him on Attic shore, my being's half 

you save. 
His breast was armed with triple bronze and oak, 

who to rude seas 
First trusted his frail bark, nor feared squalls of 

Sirocco fell, 

Battling it out with Aquilo, nor rainy Hyades, 
Nor Notus, arbiter whose will bids Hadria sink or 

swell. 
What death feared he, who saw dry-eyed the monsters 

of the deep; 
Saw the rough main, the Thunder-Heights of 

infamous renown? 
If impious galleons none the less o'er waves forbidden 

leap, 
In vain Heaven's wisdom parted lands by Ocean's 

sundering frown. 
Bold to endure all things, mankind rushed thro' all 

wickedness ; 
Prometheus bold brought fire to earth by fraud 

unfortunate ; 

Soon as the fire had left its heaven, strange fevers 
and distress 



13 

Swooped on the world, and death till then a distant 

doom and late 
Quickened its steps. Thus Daedalus, with wings to man 

denied, 
Tempted the void air ; Hercules by toil broke 

Acheron's sway; 
Naught is too hard for mortal men, who seek in 

senseless pride 

The skies : whose sin forbids Jove's ire to put his 
bolts away. 

Od. 1. 4 

NOW loosed is Winter's cruel grip; now Spring and 
Western wind 
Bring welcome change; the windlass hauls dry keels 

down to the sea; 
No longer stalls make glad the herds, no longer fires 

the hind ; 
No longer stand the meadows white with hoar-frost's 

argentry. 
Beneath the moon now Cytherean Venus leads her 

choirs ; 
Graces and Nymphs, a comely troop, ring hand in 

hand their ring; 
Now this, now that, foot beats the ground; while 

Cyclops' furnace-fires 
Glow, as fierce Vulcan fans the flames, and bids the 

hammers swing. 
Now is it well to twine trim locks with myrtle, or 

with flowers, 

Brought forth by fields, now thawed, as from a store 
of treasures hid; 



14 

Now is it well to sacrifice to Faunus, in dim bowers 

Of shady groves, a lamb maybe, or, if he will, a kid. 

Marching with step impartial, Death's pale Presence 

raps its call 
At doors of rich and poor alike. Wealth, Sestius, 

is yours; 
But life's brief span cuts short the range of hope 

for one and all; 
And even now a gloom of night and storied Manes 

lours 
O'er you, and Pluto's shadowy halls expect your shade 

anon. 
Once there, no longer shall you cast the dice to 

settle who 
Shall rule the feast, nor count young Lycidas a 

paragon. 

Whom all the lads now worship and the lasses soon 
shall woo. 

Od.1.5 

WfHAT scent-besprinkled stripling lad, 

Pyrrha, would win your favour, where 
Some grotto smiles with roses clad? 

For whom bind you your golden hair, 
Simple, yet dainty? Soon he'll weep, 

How oft ! changed troth, changed deities, 
And marvel, as the wind-lashed deep 

Darkens, and threats his startled eyes, 
Who in his folly counts you now 

All gold, and hopes that free for aye 
And kind you'll be, unwitting how 

Your favours cheat. Unhappy they 



R 



IS 

On whom you smile untried. For me, 

His temple-wall and tablet show 
That to the God, who rules the sea, 

I hung my drenched robes long ago. 

Od. 1. 6 

BY Varius, bird of Homer's strain, 
Shall you be sung as hero wight, 
Leader on land or on the main 

Of troops victorious in the fight. 
But we, Agrippa, may not tell 

Your feats, nor staunch Achilles' wrath, 
Nor chant the house of Pelops fell, 

Nor sly Ulysses' sea-tossed path. 
Too weak our strength for paean-hymn, 

While honour, and a Muse who sways 
A peaceful lyre, forbid to dim 

Your fame and Caesar's with poor praise. 
Mars mailed in adamant, Tydeus' son, 

By Pallas matched with Gods in might, 
And, black with dust of Ilion, 

Meriones what pen could write 
Of these? We tell of banquets; we 

Sing lasses making fierce onset 
On lads with pared nails, fancy-free, 

Or, if love-fired, light-hearted yet. 

Od. I. 7 

HODES, Mytilene, Ephesus, or Corinth set where 

two seas foam, 
Thessalian Tempe, Bacchus' Thebes, or Delphi, seat 
of Phoebus' pride, 



16 

Others shall sing. Some only care to hymn chaste 

Pallas' Attic home, 
From first to last, and crown their brows with olives 

plucked from every side. 
In Juno's honour, most will tell of Argos' steeds, 

Mycenae's gold. 
Me Sparta staunch, Larisa's plains, never so thrilled 

as echoing 
Albuna's fount, and Anio's rush, orchards and groves 

of Tibur's wold. 
And restless rills. As Notus oft clears darkened 

skies, nor loves to bring 
Perpetual rains, so be you wise, Plancus, to drown life's 

care and grief 
In mellow wine, where ensigns light your camp, or 

'neath your Tibur's shade. 
Banished from Salamis and sire, yet Teucer bound 

with poplar-leaf 
His wine-moist brows, and bade his friends, a 

sorrowing crowd, be undismayed. 
"Whithersoever fate more kind than sire shall lead 

us, friends, we'll fare; 
None may despair, where Teucer guides and guards: 

Apollo's truth has sworn 
That a new Salamis shall rise elsewhere; with wine 

now banish care; 

Worse things we've known, brave hearts ; once more 
we'll plough the main tomorrow morn." 



17 

Od. I. 8 

COME, Lydia, tell me why by all 
The Gods I beg you you would lure 
By love young Sybaris to his fall : 

Why now he hates, who could endure 
Sunshine and dust, the Field, nor rides, 

In soldier's guise, among his peers: 
Nor with toothed bit controls and guides 

His Gallic steed's mouth; aye, and fears 
Tiber. Why would he sooner risk 

Venom than oil, who never now 
Bears bruises, marks of strain of disc, 

Or javelin, thrown a winning throw? 
Why lies he hid, as Thetis' son 

Lay hid ere Troy's sad fall, they say, 
Lest man's attire should speed him on, 

With Lycia's troops, to join the fray? 

Od. I. 9 

SEE you how white Soracte's hill 
Stands in deep snow: how forests bow, 
Strained by their burden; how the chill 

Of frost has stayed the rivers' flow? 
Break up the cold ; pile more and more 

Logs on the hearth ; from your Sabine 
Jar's depths, O Thaliarchus, pour 

More generous draughts of ripe old wine. 
Leave to the Gods all else; when they 

Have lulled the storms whose battles thresh 



18 

The ocean into boiling spray, 

Naught frets cypress and aged ash. 
Ask not the morrow's good or ill ; 

Reckon it gain however chance 
May shape each day; scorn not, while still 

A boy, sweet loves ; scorn not the dance. 
Life in its Spring, and crabbed eld 

Far off that is the time; then hey 
For Park, Square, whispered concerts held 

At a set hour at close of day : 
For the sweet laugh whose soft alarm 

Tells in what nook the maid lies hid : 
For the love-token snatched from arm, 

Of fingers that but half-forbid. 

Od.1.10 

GRANDSON of Atlas eloquent, 
Mercury, skilful to refine 
Primaeval manners insolent 

By speech and seemly discipline 
Thee will I sing, of mighty Jove 

Herald and of the gods, whose deft 
Hand bent the lyre; adept, for love 

Of fun, to steal and hide the theft. 
Phoebus once threatened thee unless 

His stolen beeves returned anon 
Ah, naughty boy! scolded thee, yes, 

Yet laughed his quiver too had gone. 
With thee for guide rich Priam made 

His way unseen past Atreus' sons, 
Past Phthian fires, thro' the blockade 

Of Troy-beleaguering legions. 



19 

Kind souls find under thy convoy 
Blest homes ; thy gold wand's waving gleam 

Shepherds the shades who art the joy 
Of gods inferne and gods supreme. 

Od.I.ll 

SEEK not to know such search were sin what 
term, Leuconoe, 

Of life the Gods, who rule our lives, have fixed for 
you and me, 

Nor try the tables that sum up Babel's astrology. 

'Twere better how far better! to endure the utter- 
most, 

Whether Jove grants more winters, or this brings a 
farewell frost, 

That breaks the strength of waves that lash the rock- 
bound Tuscan coast. 

Be wise ; strain wines ; curtail far hopes to fit short 
destiny; 

E'en while we speak time, grudging time, has fled; 
snatch eagerly 

Each day, and trust the morrow's grace as little as 
may be. 

Od. 1. 12 

CLIO, what man's, what hero's, fame 
Art fain with shrill-toned pipe to sing, 
Or lyre; what god's that so his name, 

Flung back by echo's laugh, shall ring 
Or in the shades of Helicon, 
Or upon Pindus' heights, or chill 



20 

Haemus, whence woods swept blindly on 

At tuneful Orpheus' heels, whose skill, 
His mother's grace, made his art strong 

To stay torrent and hurricane 
Made it a charm to draw along 

The listening oaks that heard his strain? 
Whose praise shall sooner claim my song 

Than his, whom gods and men obey: 
Whose seasons spin the world along, 

Above, below, with tempering sway? 
Naught greater than himself proceeds 

From him ; naught next his being is, 
Or like it; yet her mighty deeds 

Give Pallas nearest rank to his. 
I will not let thy prowess go, 

Liber, unsung no, nor thy fame, 
O Virgin huntress, nor thy bow, 

Phoebus, whose shafts miss not their aim. 
Alcides too, and Leda's sons 

Famed cavalier, famed pugilist 
I'll hymn to mariners twin suns 

Of hope, for tumbling breakers whist, 
Soon as their white stars shine, and fall 

Back from the rocks ; rude tempests cease ; 
Clouds flee; waves' threats subside, and all 

Since such their will, is calm and peace. 
What name comes next? I hesitate 

Romulus, Numa's quiet sway, 
Proud Tarquin's tyranny, Cato's fate 

The death that is his fame for aye? 
Regulus, Scaurus, Paulus wight, 

All reckless of his mighty soul 
When Carthage won, in words of light 

Grateful I'll set on honour's roll. 



21 

Fabricius, Curius unshorn, 

Camillus these stern penury 
Reared, sons of toil, and yeomen-born, 

To be true sons of chivalry. 
As thro' unnoticed ages grows 

The tree, so grows Marcellus* fame 
As moon 'mid lesser lights, so glows 

The Julian star with brightest flame. 
Father and guardian of our race, 

Great Saturn's son, Fate gives to thee 
Charge of great Caesar ; of thy grace, 

Reign thou; let him vicegerent be. 
Whether he breaks their threats and leads 

In well-won triumph Parthia's hosts, 
Or smites Seric and, Indian breeds, 

Who dwell below the Orient's coasts, 
Beneath thee let him rule the world 

In justice, while thy ponderous car 
Shakes heaven, and while thy lightnings hurled 

On unchaste groves make holy war. 

Od. 1. 13 



Lydia, you praise the waxen arms 
And rosy neck of Telephus, 
Ah, then my heart swells with the fierce alarms 

Of jealousy tumultuous. 
Then reels my brain ; my colour comes and goes ; 

Adown my cheeks tears steal and stray 
Proofs of my inward anguish with what throes, 

What smouldering fires, I dwine away. 
Aye, for I burn when quarrels fired by wine 

Have marred your shoulders' argentry; 



22 

When your mad lover's teeth have set their sign 

Upon your lips an infamy. 
You would not hope, if but to me you list, 

To keep him yours' whose brute offence 
Scars lips on which Venus herself has kissed 

Her grace her nectar's quintessence. 
Thrice happy they, and more than thrice, by bond 

Unbroken linked, whose union 
A love, uplift all bickerings beyond, 

Shall bind until life's day is done. 

Od.1.14 

SHIP of the State, new waves will bear 
Thee back to sea. What doest thou ? Fight 
To make the port; thy sides are bare 

Of oars ah, seest thou not thy plight? 
Sprung by the swift South wind thy mast 

And sail-yards groan; thy straining back, 
Unfrapped by ropes, can scarce outlast 

The sea's too tyrannous attack. 
Thy sails are all unsound ; thou hast 

No gods whose guardiance thou mayst claim, 
When swept by some fresh tempest-blast; 

What tho' thou boasted race and fame, 
As Pontic pine, and nobly born, 

Gay poops bring mariners no cheer; 
Beware lest thou become a scorn 

A laughing-stock for winds to jeer. 
Of late didst vex and tire my soul; 

Now dear, dost still disturb my ease; 
Prithee, avoid the seas that roll 

Between the shining Cyclades. 



23 

Od.1.15 

WHAT time the treacherous shepherd o'er the deep 
In Mysian bark his hostess Helen bare, 
Then Nereus lulled the stormy winds" to sleep 

Unwelcome, that he might, as seer, declare 
His doom. "With evil omens home you take 

Her, whom the armies of the Hellene name, 
Sworn to lay waste Priam's old realm, and break 

Your marriage-bond, shall, as one man, reclaim. 
Ah me, what agonies threat man and steed! 

What mischiefs for the Dardan race what dire 
Ruin you stir! Pallas, to meet the need, 

Gets ready helm, shield, chariots, battle-ire. 
In vain, as counting Venus your ally, 

You'll comb your locks and to lute's peaceful strain 
Sing songs that women love ; in vain you'll fly 

In nuptial room arrows of Gnossian cane, 
And deadly spears, the battle's stour and boom, 

The swift pursuit of Ajax all in vain 
Your flights; for spite of all, tho' late your doom, 

Your locks adulterous with dust you'll stain. 
See you not on your trail Laertes' son, 

Bane of your race, and Nestor, Pylos' sage? 
Teucer of Salamis presses hard upon 

Your heels, and Sthenelus, well skilled to wage 
War, or, if steeds need rule, keen charioteer, 

A dauntless pair. Aye, and you'll learn to know 
Meriones. More than his sire's peer, 

Lo, Diomede hunts you, raging, even now : 
Whom you as a scared stag flies soon as he 

Has spied a wolf, crouched on the vale's far side, 



24 

Herbage forgot with panting gasps will flee. 

Not this the life you promised to your bride. 
The day of doom for Troy and Phrygian dames 

Achilles' angry warships will delay. 
After fixed winters' term, Achaian flames 

Shall waste the homes of Ilion for aye." 

Od. 1. 16 

O FAIRER than your mother fair, 
Put whatsoever end you please 
To my lampoons no matter where, 

In furnace or in Hadria's seas. 
Not Dindymene no, nor he 

Who sits upon his Pythian seat 
So shakes priests' souls with ecstacy; 

Not Liber ; not so fiercely beat 
Their cymbals Corybants, as grim ire 

Rages ; which fears nor Noric steel, 
Nor wreckstrewn sea, nor savage fire, 

Nor Jove's down-rush with flash and peal. 
Prometheus, forced to add a part 

Cut from each creature to our clay 
Primaeval, grafted on our heart 
T~ A mad lion's might so legends say. 

Passions once laid Thyestes low 

In ruin, and have come to be 
Root-cause of utter overthrow 

To lofty cities, presently 
Ploughed under by some haughty foe. 

Restrain your wrath; me, too, alas! 
A hot heart tempted long ago, 

In life's sweet youth ; mad that I was, 



25 

I dashed off libels. Courtesy, 
Not rudeness, now shall be my part, 

If but, my taunts withdrawn, you'll be 
My friend, and give me back your heart. 

Od. 1. 17 

LEAVING Lycaeus oft for sweet 
Lucretilis, swift Faunus fends 
Off rainy winds and summer's heat 

Ever, and thus my goats befriends. 
They seek, as thro' safe woods they rove 

These wives of a malodorous spouse 
Arbutus lurking in the grove, 

And thyme, unscathed ; my kidlings browse 
Fearless of Mars' wolves and green snakes, 

What time, my Tyndaris, you bring 
Your pipe that wakes the vales, and makes 

Ustica's smooth escarpment ring. 
Gods guard me; to the Gods are dear 

My Muse, my piety; the land's 
Honours its outpoured wealth shall here 

From horn benignant fill your hands. 
Here, in some far glen's sanctuary 

From Dog-Star's heat, to Teian strain 
You'll tell of chaste Penelope 

And Circe bright, striving amain 
For one man's love. Here 'neath the trees 

Shall you drink cups from harmless jars 
Of Lesbian ; nor shall Semele's 

Thyoneus mix up brawls with Mars. 
Nor shall you fear the wantonness 

Of Cyrus, lest he rudely tear, 
Poor little innocent, your dress, 

And chaplet clinging to your hair. 



26 

Od. 1. 18 

SEE, VARUS, that you plant no tree before the sacred 
vine 

About our Tibur's kindly soil, where Catilus of eld 
Founded his town, for Heaven has willed that all who 

hate good wine 
Should suffer, and not otherwise are gnawing cares 

dispelled. 
Who, after wine, on war's distress or poverty wastes 

breath ? 

Is not his talk of Bacchus and of Venus' loveliness? 
And yet the fight, fought over cups by Centaurs to the 

death 
With Lapithae, bids none exceed the bounds of 

soberness. 
There's warning too in Euhius' wrath against the sots 

of Thrace, 
When drunkards make their lusts the law defining 

Wrong and Right. 
I'll not abuse, bright Bassareus, by tempting thee, thy 

grace, 

Nor drag the things, by leaves concealed as mys- 
teries, to light. 
Stay the fierce horns, the timbrels dear to Cybele, that 

lead 
Blind Love of Self self-blinded self-idolatry and 

Pride 

The Vanity that all too high uplifts its empty head, 
And faithless Faith that publishes what glass itself 
would hide. 



27 

Od. 1. 19 

THE cruel mother of the Loves, and Theban Semele's 
winged Son, 
And sportive License call me back to wars I fought 

in bygone days. 
It fires that sheen of Glycera's grace, more purely 

bright than Parian stone! 
It fires her pretty petulance : her face that dazzles 

eyes that gaze! 
Venus has flung herself on me from Cyprus, nor would 

have me sing 
Of Parthian fighting as he flies, of Scyths, of things 

that matter not. 
Place me a live turf here, my boys, vervain and 

incense; aye, and bring 
Two-year old wine. A victim slain, she'll come in 

gentler mood, I wot. 

Od. I. 20 

WINE of a common Sabine brand 
In moderate cups your thirst shall slake 
Wine stored and sealed by my own hand 

In an old jar of Grecian make, 
When from the theatre rang out 

Your praise, dear knight Maecenas, till 
Your native banks returned the shout, 

And echoes laughed from Vatican hill. 
Then wine from a Calenian press, 

And Caecuban, shall cheer your soul ; 
Falernian grapes, I must confess, 

And Formian, temper not my bowl. 



28 

Od.1.21 

YOUNG maidens, sing Diana's might; 
Sing, boys, of Cynthius ever-young; 
Of Leto, too, the heart's delight 

Of Jove supreme, be anthems sung. 
Sing, maidens, how Diana loves 

Streams and the forest's leafery, 
Or of dark Erymanthus' groves, 

Or where green Cragus towers on high. 
Praise Tempe, boys, and Delos where 

Phoebus was born, with lay for lay; 
Sing how his quivered shoulders bear 

His brother's lyre, in twin display. 
From princely Caesar and our State, 

Moved by your prayer, he shall expel 
War, famine, plague sad dooms of fate 

To lands where Mede and Briton dwell. 

Od. I. 22 

WHOSE life is whole and pure of sin, 
He needs no Moorish javelin, 
Fuscus, nor bow, nor quiver-load 
Of poisoned arrows for the road : 
Whether he wills to voyage o'er 
The boiling Syrtes, or explore 
Rude Caucasus, or tracts untrod, 
Washed by Hydaspes' storied flood. 
For in a Sabine wood one day 
I sang of Lalage; away 
Went all my cares ; I wandered free ; 



29 

A wolf saw me, and fled from me, 

Nor harmed me such a monster as 

Oak-groves of warlike Daunias 

Breed not, and Juba's land may nurse 

Lions, but rears not such a curse. 

Set me where some dead desert sees 

No tree refreshed by summer breeze 

A quarter of the world that lies 

In mists beneath unkindly skies : 

Set me beneath the too near car 

Of Phoebus, where no dwellings are, 

Yet will I love my Lalage 

Her sweet laugh, her sweet causerie. <, 

Od. I. 23 

CHLOE, you always fly from me 
Just like a fawn, that heedlessly 

Has lost, and seeks to find 
On pathless hills its mother dear, 
With many a vain and empty fear 

Of leaves and whispering wind. 
For whether the glad month of May 
Has brought its frolic winds to play 

And rustle thro' the trees, 
Or lizards green have pushed their way 
Thro' bramble-bushes, as they stray, 

It quakes in heart and knees. 
Yet my pursuit of you is not 
That of a tigress fierce, or what 

A desert lion's rage 

Threatens; you need your mother's care 
No longer, Chloe, for you are 

Of marriageable age. 



30 

Od.1.24 

WHAT thought of shame could bound our fond 
regret 

For one so dear? Melpomene, whose cithern 
And liquid voice are of the Sire Eterne, 

Prompt us a dirge to pay our sorrow's debt. 

What, can it be that on Quintilius weighs 
Eternal sleep? Ah, who shall find his peer? 
Good Faith and Right, twin sisters, Truth sincere, 

And Honour can they ever match his praise? 

True souls how many! wept his untimely end; 
None more than you, my Virgil, who with vain 
Prayers claim him of the high Gods, and complain 

That not thus was he given you as a friend. 

But even, if, with more persuasive art 
Than Thracian Orpheus ever owned, you swayed 
A lyre that trees obeyed, the empty shade 

Would nevermore feel life-blood thrill its heart, 

That Mercury, too deaf to hear our cry, 
And roll back fate, has grimly waved below 
To his dark flock. 'Tis hard; yet, even so, 

Patience can ease what naught can remedy. 

Od.1.25 

(Omitted) 



31 



Od. I. 26 



THE Muses' friend, I'll cast all fear 
And grief to wanton winds, to bear 

Where Cretan billows roll, 
Utterly careless what dread king 
Rules 'neath the cold North, or what thing 

Frights Tiridates* soul. 
O thou, to whom fresh springs are dear, 
Nymph of Pimplea's fountain clear, 

Weave of thy grace a wreath; 
Weave it for Lamia, my friend; 
Weave it of sunny flowers that blend 

Thy sweetness with their breath. 
Honours that I can pay are naught, 
Apart from thee the gracious thought 

That tunes my new cithern; 
Bid it with Lesbian quill the gift 
Were worthy thee and thine uplift 

This man to life eterne. 

Od. I. 27 

TO fight with goblets is a Thracian game; 
For pleasure were they made for jollity; 
Out on the barbarous custom ! Do not shame 

With bloody brawls good Liber's modesty. 
'Twixt Persian glaive and banquets brightly lit, 

What an enormous gap ! Gap let it rest. 
Stay, friends, your impious noise ; away with it, 

And keep your elbows to your cushions prest. 
What, am I too to drink a share today 

Of strong Falernian? Then let yon boy, 



32 

Opuntian Megilla's brother, say 

What wound, what shaft, has been his fatal joy. 
Unwilling are you? Well, not otherwise 

Will I turn toper. Whatsoever Queen 
You serve, she will not smirch you in our eyes, 

For, if your love be wrong, it is not mean. 
Come, trust your secret to safe ears and true. 

Ah, hapless one, what an abyss of shame, 
What a Charybdis, had inveigled you, 

Poor boy and you worthy a better flame! 
What witch, what wizard, with Thessalian drugs, 

What God, will have the power to set you free? 
Scarcely from this threefold Chimaera's hugs 

Will Pegasus win you your liberty. 

Od.1.28 

"VOU measured ocean, earth, sands numberless, 
* Archytas; now a little dust bestowed 
Upon your ashes keeps you in duress 

By Matine shore ; nor boots it that you rode 
In spirit thro' the skies, and clomb the vault 

Of heaven, for you were bound to die at last. 
So too died Pelops' sire, tho' guest exalt 

Of Gods; so into air Tithonus passed; 
So Minos too, Jove's confidant; and so 

Panthous' son in Tartarus yet stays 
Perforce, to Orcus sent again, what tho' 

The shield he claimed witnessed his Trojan days 
Black death had naught of him but skin and nerves, 

Who to your mind was an exponent high 
Of Nature's truths. Once and for ever serves 

Death's path; one night waits all humanity. 



33 

Others the Furies give to glad Mars' eyes ; 

The greedy sea on sailors' bones is fed; 
Old lives and young make one long sacrifice ; 

Persephone never spared a single head. 

Me too slew Notus on the Illyrian sea 

Notus of prone Orion comrade swift. 
But you, O sailor, grudge not churlishly 

My bones and head unburied a small gift 
Of shifting sand. So may you ever be 

Safe, tho' Venusia's woods be tempest-struck; 
However Eurus threat the Western sea: 

And Jove, its fount, grant you good meed of luck, 
And Neptune, blest Tarentum's sure defence. 

Think you it were a little thing to do 
A deed would hurt your children's innocence? 

Nay, on yourself may fall the vengeance due, 
And haught requital. Not in vain I pray; 

No expiation will your debt release; 
Your haste, I guess, will brook this slight delay; 

Cast but three casts of dust; then go in peace. 

Od.L29 

WHAT, Iccius? Is your heart now set 
On Arabs' wealth, and would you wage 
On Saba's kings, untamed as yet, 

Fierce wars, and curb the Parthians' rage 
By shackles? What barbarian fair, 

Her lover slain, your beck shall bide? 
What boy, from palace brought, with hair 

Perfumed, shall stand your cup beside, 
Once trained to bend the Seric bow, 

His father bent? Who could deny 



34 

That up steep mounts rivers may flow, 
And Tiber turn back, when you try 

To change for Spanish mail books bought 
On all sides visions high of truth, 

By Stoics and Socratics taught, 
And break the promise of your youth? 

od.i.3o .: 

OF Cnidos and of Paphos Queen, 
From thy loved Cypros, Venus, come, 
And make the shrine, that Glycera's bene 

And incense offer thee, thy home. 
Bring too thy Codling of the heart, 

Graces ungirt, thy company 
Of Nymphs, and Youth, that lacks apart 
From thee all charm, and Mercury. 

Od. I. 31 

WHAT does his bard ask of divine 
Apollo in his new-built fane? 
What as he pours cups of new wine? 

Not rich Sardinia's wealth of grain : 
Not India's gold or ivory: 

Not hot Calabria's pastures, gay 
With herds : not lands where quietly 

Still Liris frets its silent way. 
Let those, whose luck it is to own 

Calenian vineyards, prune their vines, 
That so some merchant of renown 

May drink from golden cups their wines, 
For Syrian wares. Heaven's favourite, he, 

Because, forsooth, three times a year, 



35 

Or four, he sails successfully 

The Atlantic main. I have for cheer 

My olives, chicory, mallows light. 
Grant me, Apollo, for the rest, 

Contentment, health, sound wits and bright, 
An honoured eld, by music blest. 

Od.1.32 

T I 'HEY bid us sing. If aught, my lyre, 
* We two have played in shelters dim, 
Idly, come, prompt a Latin hymn, 

Of which the years shall never tire. 

Thee first the Lesbian, bold in war, 

Tuned, who, as battles came and passed, 
Or oft as he had moored at last 

His storm-tossed bark on the wet shore, 

Would sing of Liber, and the wise 
Muses, of Venus, to whose arm 
Ever the Boy clings, of the charm 

Of Lycus' dark hair and dark eyes. 

Pride of Apollo's heart, and dear 
To Jove at banquets, solace blest 
Of toil, whene'er I make request 

Aright, be kind, my lyre, and hear. 

Od. I. 33 

THAT, Albius, too bitter memories 
Of Glycera's unkindness may not break 
Your heart, and prompt too mournful elegies 

Telling why, for some younger lover's sake, 
Her faith is falsed, think how Lycoris, fair 
With narrow brows, for Cyrus burns, while he 



36 

Turns to coy Pholoe; but roes will pair 

Sooner with wolves Apulian, than will she 
Sin for a lover whom she reckons vile. 

So wills it Venus she, whose bronzen yoke 
Joins forms and souls unequal all the while. 

Aye, such her will, and such her cruel joke! 
As for myself, what time a better fate 

Sought me, I was enthralled by Myrtale, 
The freedwoman a soul more passionate 

Than waves that fret Calabria Hadria's sea. 

Od. I. 34 . 

A CHARY worshipper of Gods and rare, 
When, expert in a mad philosophy, 
I strayed, now must I put about, and bear 

Up for the port I left, and once more try 
Forsaken paths; for the Sky- Father, who 

Is wont to part the thunder-clouds on high 
With lightnings, lately drove thro' heaven's clear blue 

His thundering steeds and flying car, whereby 
The sluggish earth and wandering rivers, aye, 

And Styx, and the abominable Hoe 
Of Taenarus, and Atlas, boundary 

Of the wide world, staggered, reel to and fro. 
God can change heights for depths : can lower the 
proud, 

And raise the mean ; as Harpy on the wing, 
From this man's head Fortune, with hurtlings loud, 

Snatches his crown, to crown another king. 



37 

Od. I. 35 

GODDESS, who rulest Antium dear: 
Who can'st from lowest depths uplift 
Mortals, or change, by sudden shift, 

Triumphal car to funeral bier, 

Thee the poor rustic courts with bene 
Urgent; who dares Carpathian sea 
In bark Bithynian, worships thee, 

Whoe'er he be, as Ocean's Queen. 

States, cities, Latium's chivalry, 
Fierce Dacian, nomad Scythian, 
Mothers of kings barbarian, 

Empurpled monarchs, bow to thee, 

Lest in the dust thy proud foot lay 
The Column of the State, and cry 
Of thronging crowds bid laggards fly 

To arms ! To arms ! and break their sway. 

Before thee stalks stern Destiny; 
Her bronzen hands hold grapples dread, 
And beam-like nails, and molten lead, 

And wedges fate's machinery. 

Hope loves thee; aye, and clothed in white, 
Faith, a rare Grace, nor quits thy side 
Whene'er in wrath from homes of pride, 

With changed attire, thou takest flight. 

But faithless crowd, and perjured quean, 
Fall back, and when the cask is dry, 
But for its dregs, friends fickle fly, 

To share the yoke too false, too mean. 

Keep Caesar safe, what time he goes 
To Britain, at the world's end set, 
And our new levies, raised to threat 



38 

The Indian seas and Eastern foes. 
Shame on the scars set upon kin 

By kin ! An iron age, what have we 

Held sacred what impiety 
Left unattempted? From what sin 
Has fear of Heaven made Rome's youth flee? 

What altars has it spared? Anneal 

In a new forge our blunted steel, 
For Arabs and Massagetae. 

Od. 1.36 

\\7lTH incense, lyre, and votive calf, will we 
W Gladly appease the Gods of Numida 
The Guardian Presences, whose ministry 

Has brought him safe from far Hesperia. 
Full many a kiss he shares with trusty feres ; 

With Lamia most of all, remembering 
How, in the long-ago of boyhood's years, 

One leader led them both one school-boy king ; 
And how they donned their togas side by side. 

Let the fair day be marked with whitest chalk; 
Let the broached amphora not grudge its pride, 

And at the Salian romp let no foot baulk. 
Nor let that toper, Damalis, surpass 

Bassus at swallowing cupfuls Thracian-wise ; 
Let roses, lilies, too short-lived, alas ! 

And parsley green, grace the festivities. 
All eyes will yearn for Damalis, but she 

To her new paramour will stick, I wot : 
Clinging to him as ivy clings to tree 

Tendrils, whose clasp is as a lovers' knot. 



39 

Od.1.37 .../ . 

THUMPERS ! Let free foot beat the earth f 
*-* To drink, dance, honour the sublime 
Gods' seats with Salian feasts and mirth 

Comrades, for this 'tis time, high time. 
Ere this it had been sin to bring 

Caecuban from forbears' store-room, 
While the mad queen was purposing 

Our Capitol's fall, our empire's doom. 
She with her eunuch-horde, infect 

With foul disease, in her mad pride, 
Drunk with good fortune, could expect 

Anything. But her madness died 
When of her battleships scarce one 

Escaped the flames, and Caesar's near 
Pursuit pressed her, and stamped upon 

Her wine-besotted brain true fear. 
His triremes, as she fled, gave chase, . : 

As falcon stoops to dove, as fleet . : 
Hunter hunts hares in wintry Thrace, . .-. .-': 

To catch and chain, in vengeance meet, . : 
This fateful monster. Ah, but she ; ; . 

Claimed nobler death, nor feared the, sword. 
With woman's fear, nor secretly , . 

Sailed off some distant coast toward. - : 
She saw her home in ruins laid, .. , 

Nor trembled ; resolute to take . . , 

Its deadly poison, unafraid . 

She grasped and held the deadly snake.. . ... 



40 

The prouder for her will to die, 

She grudged Rome's ships, this haughty dame, 
That she, paraded to Rome's eye 

A discrowned queen, should flaunt Rome's fame. 

Od. I. 38 

DISPLAYS, that Persians love, I hate ; 
Lime-braided chaplets I detest; 
It makes no matter where the late 

Rose lingers; stay, my boy, your quest. 
Just myrtle that's enough; don't think 

To better it; it suits, as wreath, 
You, as you serve, me, as I drink, 

My wine this close-trained vine beneath. 

Od.11.1 

THE civil war, that in Metellus' year 
Began its seeds, faults, phases : Fortune's game : 
Chiefs' dangerous alliances : the smear 

Of kindred blood on arms an impious shame 
Not yet atoned that is your theme, a work 

Beset by risks, by one continual threat; 
Your feet are, as it were, on fires that lurk 

'Neath treacherous ashes fires that smoulder yet. 
Withdraw awhile your Muse of Tragedy 

Austere from theatres, and then anon, 
When you have shaped your public history, 

You shall resume your noble theme upon 
Buskin Cecropian star of oratory 

For sad defendants, or in curial 
Debates, my Pollio, whom your victory 



41 

Delmatic crowned with bays perennial. 
E'en now our ears with clarions' threatening blare 

Are deafened; even now trumpets scream out 
Their challenge; even now arms' fiery glare 

Scares horse and horseman into headlong rout. 
Aye, and I seem to hear of leaders wight 

Befouled with dust ennobling: of the whole 
Wide world, and all its things, in bloody fight 

Subdued, save only Cato's stubborn soul. 
Juno, and Afric's friendly deities, 

Who left the land, as powerless to aid, 
Or to avenge, offered in sacrifice 

The victors' grandsons to Jugurtha's shade. 
What plain is there but what, by Latin gore 

Fattened, is witness, by the tombs it bears, 
To impious battles, and the crash which tore 

Down Italy, and rang in Parthian ears? 
What gulf, what streams, world over, will you find 

That know not of our wretched strife? What main 
Has blood of Daunians not incarnadined? 

What shore is unpolluted by its stain? 
But lest, my sportive Muse, you should forget 

Your jokes, and start a Cean dirge again, 
Seek we some Dionaean grot, and let 

A lighter quill temper your coming strain. 

Od. II. 2 

AS silver, hid in greedy earth, 
Crispus Sallustius, has no sheen, 
So metals have for you no worth, 

Unless use makes their value seen. 
For aye shall Proculeius' name 
Be known for fatherly sympathy 



42 

With brethren ; him eternal Fame 

With tireless wing shall bear on high. 
Larger you'ld make your empire's reach 

Subduing self, than if, made one, 
Gades and Libya aye, each 

Carthage bowed down to you alone. 
By self-indulgence dropsy grows, 

Nor casts out thirst, till from the pale 
Body the watery languor flows, 

And from the veins the exciting bale. 
Unlike the crowd, true Virtue parts 

Prahates, throned on Cyrus' throne, 
From the blest roll of happy hearts, 

And bids the people's voice disown 
False titles, granting honours true 

Sure bays, abiding sovereignty 
To him who, with heaped wealth in view, 

Passes it, unregarded, by. 

Od.11.3 

REMEMBER, Dellius, doomed to die 
Some day, to keep a level mind 
When times are hard, nor pridefully 

Exalt your horn when Fate seems kind 
Aye, doomed to die, whether each dawn 

Renews your griefs, or days of rest 
Comfort you, couched on some far lawn, 

With old Falernian of the best. 
Why does white poplar interlace 

With mighty pine its welcoming shade? 
Why does fleet rivulet toil to race 

Adown the maze its frets have made? 



43 

Bid them bring hither wines, nards, blooms 

Rose-blooms, sweet all too brief a space 
While means and youth and the dark looms 

Of the three Sisters grant us grace. 
You'll leave parked hall and villa fair, 

With yellow Tiber rolling by; 
All that you bought you'll leave; your heir 

Will own the wealth you heaped on high. 
Rich scion of Inachus, or poor 

And lowliest-born, with heaven's bare ceil 
For roof no matter, Orcus dour 

Will set on you his ruthless heel. 
One bourn awaits us all ; each lot, 

Tossed in the urn, or soon, or late, 
Leaps forth, and doom that changes not 

Exiles us on the bark of Fate. 

Od. II. 4 

LEST, Xanthias Phoceus, you should be ashamed 
That a mere handmaid has become your queen, 
Think how of yore the slave Briseis tamed 

The proud Achilles, by her snowy sheen. 
Ravished Tecmessa's beauty thrilled and won 

Ajax, the son of Telamon, her lord; 
E'en in his hour of triumph, Atreus' son 

Was love-fired by a captive of his sword, 
When the barbarians, worsted in the fray, 

Had fall'n to their Thessalian conqueror, 
And Hector's death left Troy an easier prey 

To Hellas' hosts, all weary of the war. 
Blonde Phyllis' parents may, for all you know, 

Honour their son-in-law, as born of high 



44 

Descent; of royal stock she is, I trow, 

And mourns unjust Penates' injury. 
Be sure that she, your mistress, has no strain 

In her of lowborn rascaldom or shame: 
That one so faithful, so averse from gain, 

Was never born of womb, would smirch your name. 
Heart-whole I praise her arms, her bonny face, 

Her shapely ankles; spurn all jealous fears 
Of one who, hurrying onward in life's race, 

Has run the lustre closing forty years. 

Od. II. 5 

(Omitted) 

Od. II. 6 

SEPTIMIUS, who with me would fare 
To Gades, or Cantabria yet 
Untamed, or the rude Syrtes, where 

The Moorish billows ever fret : 
Be Tibur, by an Argive guest 

Founded, the home of my old age 
From war, from sea, from trails, a rest, 

After life's weary pilgrimage. 
But, if barred thence by fate accurst, 

I'll seek Galaesus, pleasant aye 
To skin-clad sheep, and fields that erst 

Owned Dorian Phalanthus' sway. 
That nook of all earth's nooks for me 

Has charms, where with Hymettus vies 
The honey, and each olive tree 

From green Venafrum claims the prize. 



45 

Jove grants a lingering springtime there, 

And winters mild; there Aulon, host 
Of fruitful Bacchus has small care 

Of what Falernian grapes may boast. 
That spot, those happy hills, desire 

Our presence; there shall you commend, 
With friendship's tear, beside his pyre, 

The ashes of your poet-friend. 

Od. II. 7 

POMPEY, who faced with me in countless fights, 
When Brutus led our war, supremest odds, 
Who has restored you, with full civic rights, 

To skies Italian, and your country's Gods, 
O earliest of my comrades, at whose side 

I often broke with wine the lingering 
Day's irk, my temples wreathed with chaplet's pride, 

My hair with Syrian unguent glistering? 
With you I shared Philippi's headlong rout, 

My shield, in haste ignoble, flung away, 
When valour broke, and threatening boasts died out, 

As chins rubbed shameful dust. Ah, well-a-day! 
Me, in my terror, Mercury bore fast, 

Veiled in thick mist, thoro' the grim mellay; 
But you the battle-wave sucked back, and cast 

With boiling surf again into the fray. 
Pay then the feast that you are bound to pay 

To Jove, and, wearied with the toils of war, 
Come, and recline beneath my garden bay, 

Nor spare the casks that wait you in my store. 
Fill goblets bright with cheering Massic high ; 

From urns capacious pour perfumery; 



46 

Whose task is it to hurry up and tie 
Chaplets of lissom parsley, or, maybe, 

Of myrtle? Whom will Venus now declare 
The master of the feast? My revelry 

Shall match Edonians'. It is sweet, I swear, 
When friends return, to revel furiously. 

Od. II. 8 

HAD punishment in any wyse, 
Barine, judged your perjuries: 
Had one black tooth or fingernail 
Disfigured you by just entail, 
I'd trust you ; but you bind upon 
Your faithless head vows, and anon 
Step forth more radiant for your pains, 
The common darling of our swains. 
You cheat and profit by each lie 
Your mother's dust, the vasty sky, 
Night's silent stars, the Gods, whose breath 
Is life beyond the chill of death. 
Venus herself laughs at all this ; 
The simple Nymphs laugh too, ywis, 
And Cupid fierce, on blood-stained stone 
Whetting his fire-darts, one by one. 
Aye, and to you too, as they grow 
Up, all our lads as bondslaves bow; 
And earlier suitors threat, but come 
Back to their impious lady's home. 
Mothers of striplings fear your smiles; 
Thrifty old fathers dread your wiles; 
And newly wed brides sadly say, 
"Her breath will keep our grooms away." 



47 

Od. II. 9 

NOT always fall the clouds in rain 
On roughened fields ; not without end 
Do tempests vex the Caspian main 

With gusts; nor, Valgius, my friend, 
The whole year round stands motionless 

Ice on Armenian plains, nor groan 
Garganus' oaks beneath the stress 

Of northern blasts that strip the roan. 
But you with dirges day and night 

Harp on lost Mystes; Vesper's rise 
Checks not your love-plaints, nor his flight 

From the swift sun, when night-time dies. 
And yet thrice-aged Nestor stayed 

His tears for loved Antilochus ; 
Parents and Phrygian sisters made 

Not endless moan for Troilus, 
Their stripling lad ; cease, cease at length, 

Your weak complaints, and rather hymn 
Augustus Caesar how his strength 

Has won fresh trophies how to him 
Frost-bound Niphates bows, and how 

The Parthian stream, with lowered pride, 
Rolls smaller floods, and, lessened now, 

Within strait bounds Geloni ride. 

Od. II. 10 

LICINIUS, would you live aright, 
Tempt not the high seas evermore, 
Nor, fearing tempests, in your fright 
Too closely hug the dangerous shore. 



48 

Who loves the golden mean is free 

And safe from grime the grime a house 
Harbours in eld; his modesty 

Earns not the envy mansions rouse. 
The mighty pine is oftenest 

Storm-tossed ; the higher a turret's height, 
The worse its fall; it is its crest, 

The mountain's top, that lightnings smite. 
A well-schooled heart, when things look black, 

Hopes for a change : when all seems gay, 
Fears change. Jove brings rude winters back ; 

Aye, but he also ends their stay. 
Bad luck today? Well, but how long 

How many days will it be so? 
Phoebus awakes his Muse to song 

At times, nor always bends his bow. 
In times of straitness manifest 

A hero's heart ; shrink not, nor quail ; 
Yet take in sail safety is best 

Before too favouring a gale. 

Od. II. 11 

AT fierce Cantabrian, what the Scythian braves, 
Parted by Hadria's intervening waves, 
Plot, cease, Hirpinus Quinctius, to enquire, 
Nor vex your soul with passionate desire 
To sate life's little need. From one and all 
The charm of beardless youth flies past recall, 
As hoary eld withers the wanton heart, 
And bids the sleep that comes at call depart. 
Not always does the self-same glory grace 
Spring-flowers, nor wears the blushing moon one face. 
Why with the counsels of eternity 



49 

Weary your soul, too small for things so high? 

Why not, just as we are, at ease beneath 

Tall plane-tree or this pine, with the sweet breath 

Of roses in our gray locks, redolent 

Of nard Assyrian, drink to our content 

Wine, while we may? All gnawing cares are chased 

By Euhius. What boy, with hastened haste, 

Will quench the fire of our fiery 

Falernian, from the brook that hurries by ? 

Who from her home will draw that damsel shy, 

Lyde? Come, bid her bring immediately 

Her ivory lyre, with neatly knotted hair, 

After the manner of a Spartan fair. 

Od. 11.12 I 

YOU would not wish that to my peaceful lyre 
I should set songs of Hannibal, the dire, 
Or fierce Numantia's long tale of war, 
Or seas Sicilian red with Punic gore, 
Or savage Lapithae, or Hylaeus flushed 
With wine, or Earth's gigantic offspring, crushed 
By Hercules' strong hand, at whose attack 
Old Saturn's bright home quaked in fear of wrack, 
Maecenas ; you yourself more worthily 
Will tell of Caesar in prose history, 
His fights and feats how thro' Rome's long parades- 
With necks enchained proud kings passed to the shadef 
For me, my Muse would have me sweetly praise 
Licymnia, queen of love what sparkling rays 
Flash from her eyes : how true her heart and leal 
To mutual love its claim, and its appeal. 
It misbecomes her not in any wyse 
To dance in choirs, to bandy pleasantries, 



50 

To reach out arms to maidens blithe and gay, 
Who join the throng on Dian's festal day. 
Would you for all that rich Achaemenes 
Possessed : for Phrygian Mygdon's granaries : 
For Arabs' homes, well stored with treasures fair, 
Barter one tress of your Licymnia's hair, 
When to your burning lips she bends awry 
Her neck, or shuns, with easy coquetry, 
Kisses, whose ravishment is more to her 
Than you and she may be first ravisher? 

Od. II. 13 ,. 

ON an ill-omened day, accursed tree, 
Did your first planter plant you, and profane 
The hand that reared you to the infamy 

Of country-side, and to descendants' bane. 
I could believe that one so ruthless might 

Have broke a parent's neck, and stained, maybe, 
With blood of sleeping guest, slain in the night, 

His inmost chamber ; Colchic poisons he 
Handled, and whatsoever any one 

Has anywhere planned of sin, who on my farm 
Set you, curst trunk, to fall one day upon 

A master's head, who never did you harm. 
No man from hour to hour takes proper thought 

What he should shun ; the Punic mariner 
Fears the mad Bosphorus, but counts as naught 

All other risks, no matter whence or where. 
The soldier fears the shafts shot in swift flight 

By Parthian foe ; the Parthian fears the gyves 
And prison of Rome ; but, unforeseen, Death's might 

Has ever snatched, aye, and will snatch, men's lives. 



51 

How near were we to seeing upon her throne 

Dark Proserpine, aye, and the judgment-seat 
Of Aeacus, the separate Avalon, 

Where roam the blest, and Sappho, with her sweet 
Aeolian lyre arraigning Lesbos' maids, 

And you, Alcaeus, with your golden quill 
Sounding a fuller elegy to the shades, 

Of exile's, war's, sea's, woes complaining still. 
The shades stand wondering, as each poet sings 

Songs worthy solemn silence; but, with ear 
Keener to drink in tales of banished kings 

And wars, a shouldering crowd throngs up to hear. 
What wonder when, dazed by those melodies, 

The hundred-headed beast drops his ears' threat, 
And, in the hair of the Eumenides 

Entwined and twist, their serpents cease to fret. 
Prometheus, too, and Tantalus, the base, 

In the sweet sound forget their agonies; 
Nor does Orion longer care to chase 

Lion that turns to fight, or lynx that flies. 

Od. II. 14 

AH, Postumus, my Postumus, the fleeting years roll 
by; 

Wrinkles and ever nearing eld stay not for piety: 
Relentless they, relentless death's unconquered tyranny, 
Ah no ; tho' with three hecatombs of bulls each day you 

try 
To soften Pluto's tearless heart, whose sad stream's 

custody 

Prisons thrice ample Geryon and Tityon, you must die. 
For, friend, that river must be crossed by each and 

every one 



52 

Of all whom Earth's large bounty feeds and rears 

beneath the sun : 

By kings, by needy husbandmen, by every mother's son. 
Vainly we seek to shun the risks and threats of bloody 

war: 
The rage of waves that swell and break where 

Hadria's billows roar ; 
Vainly we fear the autumnal blights that blow from 

Afric's shore. 
No soul may miss Cocytus' gloom the languid streams 

that roil 
Moaning along: the Danaid brides whose shame naught 

can assoil : 

Sisyphus, son of Aeolus, doomed to unending toil. 
Earth, home, sweet wife these must you leave aye, 

all that you hold dear; 
And, of the trees that you, their short-lived master, 

cherished here, 

Only the hateful cypress shall at last attend your bier. 
Your Caecuban a hundred keys once locked it in your 

store 
A better wine than sacred feasts into priests' goblets 

pour 
A worthier heir shall drink it, and its pride shall stain 

the floor. 

Od.II.15 

SOON regal piles will leave no place 
For farms ; soon crowds will flock to see 
Fishponds that claim a larger space 

Than Lucrine lake ; barren plane-tree 
Will turn the elm out; presently 
Will violets, myrtles, the whole round 



53 

Of sweet flowers, shed their fragrancy 

On oliveyards, once fruitful ground; 
Dense laurels will, as shields upborne, 

Stay the sun's darts. Far different 
The use of Romulus, of unshorn 

Cato, of ancient precedent. 
Then private means were small ; the State 

Was rich ; no private colonnade, 
By ten-foot rods delineate, 

Welcomed the cool North to its shade. 
The casual sod might not be tossed 

Aside ; cities and fanes alone 
Might be adorned, at public cost 

So said the law with fresh-hewn stone. 

Od. 11. 16 

REST is the sailor's prayer the boon 
He craves, caught on the Aegean sea, 
Soon as dark clouds have hid the moon, 

And stars shine all uncertainly. 
For rest prays Thrace, distract with war ; 

For rest the quivered Parthians cry ; 
For rest for what nor purple, nor 

Rubies, nor gold, Grosphus, can buy. 
Nor wealth, nor lictor's axe, can rout 

The heart's tumultuous agonies, 
Nor chase the cares that flit about 

The fretted roofs of palaces. 
He lives on little well, whose sire's 

Saltcellar makes his scant board bright : 
Whose slumbers light nor base desires 

Of gain, nor fears disturb at night. 
Why many aims with such brief span 



54 

Of strength? Why, bent on change, should we 
Seek other climes? An exiled man 

Quits home; himself he cannot flee. 
Care, morbid care, climbs bronze-beaked prows; 

Horsed squadrons leave it not behind, 
Swifter than stags ; nor swifter blows 

The cloud-compelling South East wind. 
Cheerful to face what is, be not 

Careful at heart of what shall be. 
With calm smile temper a hard lot; 

There's no all-round felicity. 
Untimely great Achilles died; 

Of eld Tithonus dwined away; 
And that, which Fortune has denied 

To you, may come to me some day. 
Round you a hundred herds of kine 

Sicilian low ; to you a mare 
Fit for the race-course neighs, and fine 

The twice-dyed purple wools you wear, 
Of Tyrian hues. A small estate : 

A spirit of Hellene poetry, 
Slender, to me an honest Fate 

Has given, and scorn of jealousy. 

Od.11.17 

WHY fret me with laments? Nor I, 
Nor Gods, would will that you should die, 
Maecenas you, my fortune's stay, 
And glory ere I pass away. 
Should fate untimely bid you die 
You, my soul's better half, ah, why 
Should I, the other half, less dear 



55 

Left but a remnant, linger here? 
That day shall bring one death to both. 
Whene'er you lead sure is my oath 
As comrades side by side, we'll tread 
The trail that's trodden by the dead. 
Me nor Chimaera, breathing fire, 
Shall wrench from you, nor Gyas' ire, 
Resurgent with his hundred hands ; 
So will the Fates; so Right demands. 
For, whether Libra watches me, 
Or Scorpios fell, the tyranny 
Of my birth-hour, or, sign of bane, 
The Goat, who rules the Western main, 
Our stars in wondrous wyse agree; 
You Jove's protecting brilliancy 
Rescued from impious Saturn's hate, 
And stayed the wings of rushing Fate, 
When with the cheers of thronging crowd, 
Thrice-given, the theatres were loud ; 
Me the curst tree, that well nigh broke 
My head, had slain, but that the stroke 
Was stayed by Faunus, guardian true 
Of Hermes' men. As offerings, you 
Must give fat sheep and votive shrine ; 
A humble lamb must serve for mine. 

Od. II. 18 

NO fretted ceil, with ivory inwrought 
And gold, makes my small home look gay; 
No slabs Hymettian rest on columns brought 

From Afric quarries far away; 
Nor has it been my luck to occupy, 
Of Attalus an unknown heir, 



56 

A palace ; nor do high-born clients ply 

Me robes of Spartan purple fair. 
But honour bright, aye, and a kindly vein 

Of genius, are mine ; tho' scant 
My means, a rich man courts me. I disdain 

To pester Heaven for more, nor want 
To irk my patron's soul with fresh appeals, 

Content and happy with my one 
And only Sabine farm. Day treads on heels 

Of day, and new moons wane anon. 
You on the grave's edge bargain evermore 

For marbles to be hewn, build homes, 
Of death unmindful, and would push the shore, 

Where the rough sea on Baiae foams, 
Outward, as all too straitened while the strand's 

Unbroken line curtails your sway. 
What of the fact that ever your rude hands 

Tear neighbour's boundary-stones away: 
That you o'erleap, a robber unabashed, 

Your clients' landmarks? Out they go, 
Bearing their household Gods, and babes unwashed, 

Husband and wife, to want and woe. 
And yet no hall more surely than the grave, 

The bourn of Orcus, fixed by fate, 
Awaits the lord of riches. Why, then, crave 

More than fate grants, insatiate? 
Impartial Earth opens her doors to poor 

And rich alike, to prince and swain ; 
Gold never bribed Orcus' assistant dour 

To bring Prometheus back again. 
He prisons Tantalus, the proud, and all 

His race and kind ; called to release 
Poor souls whose work is done, he hears the call, 

And brings aye, and uncalled his peace. 



57 

Od. II. 19 

BACCHUS I saw, far rocks among 
Believe it all posterity 
Dictating hymns to a rapt throng 

Satyrs goat-hoofed, and Nymphs anigh 
The Satyrs all with pricked up ears. 

Euoi ! My heart, filled with the God, 
Beats furiously; my mind still fears; 

Spare, Liber of the awful rod. 
Euoi ! So may I now recall, 

And picture, headstrong Thyiades, 
Wine-springs, rivers of milk, the fall 

Of honey-drops from hollow trees. 
Mine too it is to tell how clomb 

Thy bride to heaven, beatified : 
How awful ruin wrecked the home 

Of Pentheus : how Lycurgus died. 
Thou rulest streams and barbarous seas ; 

On far hills, bibulous, dost entwine 
The hair of the Bistonides 

With knotted snakes, disarmed by wine. 
Thou, when the impious Giant-horde 

Would scale Heaven's steep, the Sire's domain, 
With lion's teeth and claws toward, 

Did'st hurl fell Rhoetus back amain. 
Called God of dance and sport and fun, 

Thou wert esteemed unfit for arms; 
Yet did'st thou bear thyself as one 

For whom both war and peace have charms. 



58 

To Cerberus, with horn of gold, 
Thou wert as friend, whose tail, to greet 

Thy coming, stroked thee : whose three fold 
Tongue licked thy parting legs and feet. 

Od.I1.20 

NOT common and not weak the wing whereon, 
A bard of twofold nature, I shall soar 
Thro' the clear air; this earth I'll quit anon, 

And leave its cities, lift for evermore 
Beyond all envy. Child of poverty, 

Yet called to hear, as friend, your last farewell, 
Beloved Maecenas, I shall never die, 

Nor brook restraint within the Stygian hell. 
Now, even now, my legs put on rough skin; 

Above, a white bird in the fashioning, 
I take new shape; shoulders and hands begin 

To wear a plumage smooth and glistering. 
More famed than Daedalean Icarus, 

Now shall I visit, as a tuneful swan, 
Gaetulian Syrtes, shores where Bosphorus 

Moans, Northern Steppes; Colchian, and Dacian, 
Who fears the Marsian chivalry, yet tries 

To hide his fear, Geloni over-sea, 
Shall come to know me; Spaniard too, grown wise, 

And they who drink the Rhone, shall learn of me. 
Let no dishonouring wails, no elegies, 

No dirges sad, insult my empty bier; 
Speak softly; 'tis no time for noisy cries; 

The rites that honour tombs are useless here. 



59 

Od.111.1 

I HATE and spurn the unhallowed throng; 
Keep silence, all, while I dictate, 

Priest of the Muses laureate, 
To boys and girls new forms of song. 
Kings claim their own flocks' fealty; 

To Jove the kings themselves bow down, 

Who rules the wide world by his frown, 
And smote the Titans gloriously. 
More widely one plants trees; whereas 

One candidate of nobler birth 

Enters the Field, another's worth 
Stands in high fame ; another has 
More numerous clients. All the same, 

Ever and aye Necessity 

Dooms high and low impartially; 
The vasty urn shakes every name. 
For him, o'er whom hangs the alarm 

Of drawn sword, feasts of Sicily 

Will have no sweets, the melody 
Of birds and lute will have no charm 
To bring back sleep. Sleep calm and bland 

Scorns not the cots of labouring men, 

Nor shady banks of stream, or glen, 
Nor Tempe's vale by Zephyrs fanned. 
What is enough that and no more 

Who craves but this, nor rough sea frets, 

Nor storms that, when Arcturus sets, 
Or the Kid rises, rage and roar, 
Nor hails that lash his vines, nor land 

That cheats his hopes, while trees complain 

Of stars that scorch the fields, of rain, 



60 

Of the fierce grip of Winter's hand. 
Huge moles, thrust out, narrow the sea 

For fish, where the contractor's band, 

And owner, weary of the land, 
Cast chips into the masonry. 
But Fear and Menace climb as high, 

As climbs the lord twin frets of mind 

On bronze-beaked trireme, and behind 
Rider, sits black Anxiety. 
But, if nor Phrygian stone nor dress 

Sheeny as stars, nor vineries 

Falernian, nor Achaemenes' 
Perfumes, can soften his distress, 
Why build with portals of desire 

A hall, new-planned to threat the sky? 

Why change my Sabine snuggery 
For wealth whose burdens fret and tire? 

Od.UI.2 

HPOUGHENED by war let every lad 
*- Learn to bear hardness, and be glad ; 
As horseman let him wield a spear 
Whose thrust shall be the Parthian's fear. 
Out in the air, at danger's call, 
His life be lived ; from enemy wall 
Let warring tyrant's consort aye, 
And daughter grown, see him, and sigh, 
Lest her dear prince, untrained to fight, 
Should dare this lion's dangerous might, 
That, fired by battle-rage, for aye 
Ramps thro' the fiercest of the fray. 
To die for Homeland is a sweet 
And gracious thing; on flying feet 



61 

Death presses hard, nor spares to smite 

Poltroons' weak knees and backs affright. 

Virtue, secure from shameful rout, 

With honours all-unstained shines out; 

Nor takes, nor drops, authority 

To suit the crowd's oft-changing cry. 

Opening to deathless souls the skies, 

Virtue forbidden pathways tries; 

Scorning dank earth, and gatherings 

Of mobs, she mounts on soaring wings. 

A faith that keeps a secret hid 

Claims sure reward ; I shall forbid 

A man, who blabs one mystery 

Of Ceres' rites, to lodge with me, 

Or board my skiff. Saints have been sent 

With sinners to one banishment 

By slighted Jove; Vengeance is halt, 

But, following, rarely makes a fault. 

Od. III. 3 

WHO loves the Right, whose will is resolute, 
His purpose naught can shake nor rage of brutt 
Mob bidding him work evil ; not the eye 
Of threatening despot; not the tyranny 
Of Auster, lord of Hadria's restless sea: 
Not Jove's great hand, red with artillery; 
A shattered world, falling in ruins, might 
Crush him ; his dauntless soul it will not fright. 
Thus Pollux and Alcmene's roaming son 
Up to the flaming heights of heaven won ; 
Thus, seated at their side, Augustus sips 
The nectar of the Gods with radiant lips. 
Thus, Father Bacchus, as in homage due 



62 

To thy deserts, tigers unbroken drew 

Thy car; thus in the chariot of Mars 

Quirinus rose o'er Acheron to the stars, 

When to the Gods in council came the word 

Of Juno gracious speech, and gladly heard 

"O Ilion, Ilion, by a judge obscene, 

A wretch accursed, and by a foreign quean, 

Rolled in the dust aye, dammed and unforgiven 

Since false Laomedon broke faith with Heaven, 

By me and chaste Minerva reprobate, 

People and perjured king one folk, one fate! 

Aye, but no longer does the guest infame 

Trick himself out for Sparta's harlot-dame; 

No longer Priam's faithless house beats back, 

With Hector's aid, Achaia's fierce attack; 

Prolonged by our disputes, the weary war's 

Offence is over now; forthwith to Mars 

Will I give up my anger, and my hate 

Toward my grandson, whom his earth-born mate, 

The Trojan priestess, bare. To him will I 

Grant entrance where on shining couches lie 

The blessed; nectar shall he quaff, and find 

Among the untroubled Gods his rank assigned. 

The wide world thro', so long as angry seas 

Part Rome and Ilion, wheresoe'er they please, 

Let Trojan exiles lord it, safe and blest; 

So long as herds leap o'er the tombs, where rest 

Priam and Paris, and wolves, scathless, hide 

Their younglings, let the Capitol, in its pride, 

Stand glorious and let the might and awe 

Of Rome rule conquered Medes, and be their law. 

Feared far and wide, let her extend her sway 

To earth's remotest bounds, where Africa 

And Europe face the intervening main, 



63 

And Nile inundant floods the Egyptian plain. 

Let her be rather bold to scorn the gold 

That earth conceals 'tis better hid than bold 

To gather it up with greedy hands that seize 

All sacred things for human usages. 

Whatever limits bound the world, her war 

Shall compass them, exultant to explore 

Where sunflames hold their maddest revelry, 

Where dews are rains, and fog-banks cloak the sky. 

But to Quirinus' braves I prophesy 

This future on the terms that piety 

Too great, and self -trust, seek not to restore 

Dead Troy the Troy their forebears built of yore. 

The fate of Troy, with evil augury 

Reborn, shall once again spell tragedy, 

When I, Jove's queen and sister, lead the foe 

Whose conquering hosts achieve her overthrow. 

Tho' thrice the bronzen wall from ruins rose, 

By Phoebus built, thrice would Achaian blows, 

My champions', fell it; thrice would captive wife 

Wail lord and sons, slain in the battle-strife." 

Such songs as these suit not my sportive lyre ; 

Whither, my Muse, would'st soar? Stay thy desire 

Headstrong to tell what the high Gods may say, 

And shrink a theme sublime with lowly lay. 

Od. 111. 4 

COME down from heaven, royal Calliope ; 
Breathe on the pipe a deathless melody, 
Or sing a song sing it with clarion voice, 
Or to Apollo's lute-strings thine the choice. 1 st 
Hear ye her strain? Or does a frenzy kind 
Mock me? I seem to hear it, and to wind 



64 

My way thro' holy groves, where 'neath the trees 

Play peasant streamlets and a kindly breeze. 

Me on Apulian Vultur, past the line 

That bounds Apulia, my nurse langsyne, 

The storied doves of Venus strewed with green 

Leaves, as I slept, play-tired, the sleep serene 

Of boyhood, as a sign a prodigy 

For all whom Acherontia's aerie, 

Or Bantia's glades, shelter, and them whose toil 

Ploughs the rich tilths of low Forentum's soil. 

They marvelled how it was I slept unscathed 

By deadly snakes and bears : how I was swathed 

With sacred bays, and myrtles' kind embrace 

A child inspired by Heaven's peculiar grace. 

Aye, and as yours, ye Muses yours for aye 

I climb my Sabine hill, or make my way 

To favourite haunts Praeneste's chilly height, 

Or Tibur's slopes or Baiae, clear and bright. 

Because your sweet choirs love me as their own, 

Your fountains too, no death has struck me down 

Not sad Philippi's rout, not the curst tree, 

Not Palinurus on Sicilian sea. 

With you beside me, as a seaman, I 

Will brave mad Bosphorus right willingly; 

With you, as traveller, will wander o'er 

The burning sands of far Assyria's shore. 

The stranger-hating Britons will I greet: 

The Concani who drink, and count it sweet, 

The blood of horses : the Geloni armed 

With quivers: Scythia's river all unharmed. 

You too to mighty Caesar, soon as he 

Has settled in the towns where they would be 

His war-worn troops, and from his toils would cease, 

Give, in some grot Pierian, welcome peace. 



65 

Gentle your counsel ; gracious too, I trow, 

Your joy in its acceptance; this we know 

Know it as knowing how it was with him, 

Who smote the impious Titan hordes with grim 

Descending bolt who sways the windy sea 

And sluggish earth : whose one sole empery 

Rules earth's abodes and realms of sad duress, 

Mortals and Gods alike, in righteousness. 

Great had Jove's fear been when the giant brood, 

Proud of their frightful arms, against him stood; 

And when the brothers strove to fix upon 

Shady Olympus lofty Pelion. 

But what availed Typhon what the strong hand 

Of Mimas, or Porphyrion's threatening stand: 

What Rhoetus, or Enceladus, the stark 

Hurler of uptorn trees, with heaven for mark, 

When Pallas' sounding aegis barred the way? 

Here stood fierce Vulcan, greedy for the fray, 

Dame Juno there, and he, whose shoulders now 

Bear, and shall ever bear, his mighty bow: 

Who with Castalia's waters dewy-bright 

Bathes his long locks: who holds, as of birthright, 

All Lycia's woods and brakes Phoebus, adored 

As Delos' glory, and as Patara's lord. 

Force lacking counsel falls by its own weight; 

Force temperate the Gods make yet more great 

The Gods who hate the strength that would defy 

Their righteous will, and plot iniquity. 

Gyas, the hundred-handed, seals as true 

These maxims : infamous Orion too, 

For foul assault on chaste Minerva known, 

And by her virgin arrows smitten down. 

On her own monsters heaped, with many a wail 

Earth weeps her sons hurled down to Orcus pale 



66 

By thunder-bolts, whose fires, haste as they will 
To eat thro' Aetna's pile, are prisoners still. 
The jailor- vulture, lechery's penalty, 
Still guards the lustful Tityos ceaselessly, 
And gnaws his liver ; chains three hundred hold 
Pirithous captive, for love over-bold. 

Od. 111. 5 

THAT Jove is lord of all above 
His thunders and his lightnings show ; 
Persia and Britain tamed shall prove 

Augustus demigod here below. 
That ever a soldier Crassus led 

Should wed ah Senate ! ah the sin ! 
A barbarous mate to shame his bed, 

And grow old with her hostile kin, 
A Marsian as a Mede king's kern, 

Aye, or Apulian, dead to pride 
Of name, shields, garb, Vesta eterne, 

Tho' Jove and Rome unscathed abide ! 
'Twas fear of this made Regulus 

Reject base terms of peace with scorn, 
Inferring precedents ruinous 

To generations yet unborn, 
If prisoners were not left to die 

Unpitied. "Punic shrines display," 
Quoth he, "our eagles have not I 

Seen them seen weapons snatched away 
From warriors' unresisting hands 

Seen on free backs arms twist askew, 
Gates left unbarred, and enemy lands, 

Swept by our war, now tilled anew? 



67 

Ransomed by gold, doubtless, a man 

Returns the bolder ! Ah, 'tis loss 
Added to foul disgrace ; for can 

Dyed wool regain its native gloss? 
Nor does true valour, once expelled, 

Care to replace poltroonery. 
Free the snared stag from toils that held 

It captive will it fight? Will he, 
Who to a treacherous foeman knelt, 

Be brave, and in a second strife, 
Crush him who on his shoulders felt 

The thongs, nor fought, but clung to life? 
He, knowing not whence true life is won, 

Confounded peace with war. O shame ! 
O mighty Carthage, throned upon 

The wrecks of Italy's fair fame !" 
His chaste wife's kiss, the lads he loved, 

He put aside, in outlaw's wyse 
So runs the tale and all unmoved 

Bent sternly down his manly eyes; 
Till by new counsel he made strong 

The Fathers' wavering will, and straight 
Went forth, his sorrowing friends among, 

A glorious exile, to his fate. 
He knew what tortures were in store 

For him, and yet he pushed his way 
Thro' troops of hindering kinsfolk, nor, 

Tho' crowds beset him, brooked delay, 
As tho', some clients' law-suit tried 

And won, he sought a holiday 
By green Venafro's country-side, 

Or Dorian Taranto's bay. 



68 

Od. 111. 6 

FOR sins of ancestors will you atone, 
Roman, what tho' the sins were not your own, 
Till you repair the high Gods' sanctuaries, 
Their tottering fanes, their smoke-grimed images. 
You rule the world because to heaven you bow. 
Hence nations rise and fall ; often ere now, 
Angered by man's neglects, the Gods have hurled 
Distress and anguish on the Western world. 
Once and again Monaeses and the horde 
Of Pacorus have broke pur unblest sword, 
And, booty-laden, add with grinning glee 
To their few tores our captured finery. 
Dacian and Aethiop have well nigh wracked 
Our city, with its civil wars distract 
The Aethiop, by sea no puny foe : 
The Dacian, master of the twanging bow. 
Fruitful in crime, the ages as they ran 
First fouled the marriage-bond, the home, the clan ; 
Thence sprang a flood of ill a flood that broke 
In on our hapless country and our folk. 
The girl grows up to learn the Ionic dance, 
And, even now, with stage-tricks would enhance 
Her charms, who dreams, her inmost heart within, 
Of loves unlawful aye, and hugs her sin. 

***** 

Not from such parents sprang the youth who dyed 

With Punic blood the ocean far and wide : 

Whose war broke Pyrrhus, and redoubtable 

Antoichus, and Hannibal, the fell. 

Nay, 'twas a brood, stalwart and masculine, 

Of yeomen-soldiers lads who with Sabine 



69 

Spades turned the clods, and, as stern mothers bid, 
Shouldered their piles of faggots, kid by kid, 
To bring them home what time the sun should shift 
The shadows, and from weary oxen lift 
Their yokes, with parting chariot speeding on 
The friendly hour when the day's work is done. 
What has it not debased, this present curse? 
Our parents' age, than our grandparents' worse, 
Has brought us forth, who shall beget, ah shame! 
Children yet more unworthy Rome's great name. 

Od. 111. 7 

WHY weep, Asterie, your swain 
Constant and leal, whom Zephyrs clear 
With the new spring will bring again 

To you, enriched with Thynian gear, 
Gyges? He, driven by Southern gales 

To far-off Oricum, when rose 
The Goat's mad star, sleepless bewails 

Thro' chilly nights his wants and woes. 
And yet his hostess, love-sick dame, 

Sends messages that Chloe sighs, 
Poor soul, with love like yours aflame, 

And artful tempts him manywise. 
She tells how a false wife of yore 

Urged Proetus, credulous husband, on, 
By charges false, to slay before 

His time too chaste Bellerophon : 
How Peuels 'scaped death-penalty 

Hardly, who fled, wise heart and pure, 
Magnesian Hippolyte, 

And brings up tales with sinful lure, 
In vain ; than rocks Icarian 



70 

More deaf, he hears the words heart-whole. 
Beware you, lest your neighbour-man 

Enipeus over-please your soul; 
Tho' never another cavalier 

On Martian sward attracts such gaze, 
Nor Tuscan Tiber knows his peer 

Of all who swim its watery ways. 
At nightfall close your doors, nor eye 

The streets below what time you hear 
Flute's plaintive notes, and to the cry, 

That calls you cruel, turn deaf ear. 

Od. 111. 8 

MARCH has come in. You would find out 
What I, a bachelor, am about 
What mean these flowers, these incense-bowls, 
These live sods topped with kindled coals. 
You doubt, tho' Roman tales you know, 
And Greek. Well, Liber claims a vow 
Feast and white goat vowed when the tree, 
That fell, all but demolished me. 
Each year this festal day shall see 
Its pitch-sealed cork drawn faithfully 
From out a jar that, cellared here, 
First drank the smoke in' Tullus' year. 
For my escape, and for my sake, 
A hundred cups, Maecenas take ; 
Keep the lamps lit till dawn of day; 
Clamour and brawls Avaunt ! Away ! 
Dismiss all public cares ; no more 
Will Dacian Costiso wage war; 
The hostile Parthians' civic strife 
Hurts only their own country's life. 



71 

In Spain our old Cantabrian foe 

Obeys the might that laid him low 

At last; the Scythians think to slack ,, . 

Their bows, and from their plains fall back. 

Here just a citizen, abate 

Thoughts over-anxious for the State ; 

Care-free, enjoy for this brief hour 

The sweet of life ; forget the sour. 

Od. III. 9 

. \ 

He. V\7HILE you were happy in my love, 

VV And no more favoured swain might fling 
Round your white neck his arms, I throve, 

More blest than any Persian king. . 
She. While yet you had no other flame, 

Ere Chloe ousted Lydia, 
I, Lydia, throve a maid of fame, 

Who outshone Roman Ilia. 
He. Chloe of Thrace is now my queen, 

Skilled in the lyre's sweet strains; for whom 
I'll never fear to die, I ween, 

If but fate lift my true life's doom. 
She. Me, Ornytus' son, Calais, 

The Thurine, fires, who am his joy; 
For whom I'd die twice o'er, ywis, 

If but the fates will spare my boy. 
He. What if with yoke that shall abide 

Old love knots sundered hearts once more? 
What if blonde Chloe's cast aside, 
And Lydia scorned re-opes her door? 



72 

She. Tho' he is brighter than a star, 

And you than cork are lighter aye, 
Than boisterous Hadria rougher far. 
With you I'd live; with you I'd die. 

Od. III. 10 

(Omitted) 

Od. HI. 11 

I PRAY thee, Mercury since by thee 
Inspired Amphion's song moved stones 
And thee, O Shell, whose psaltery 

Can sound forth Music's seven tones 
Not tuneful once, nor sweet, but now 

Welcome to fane and rich man's board 
Prompt me a strain, whose charm shall bow 

Lyde's proud ears my suit toward : 
Who, as a filly three years old 

In the wide fields, frolics, and fears 
A touch, a maiden pure for bold 

Wooer as yet too young in years. 
Thou canst draw tigers after thee, 

And woods; the torrent's rush canst stay; 
Before thy music's witchery 

The vast Hall's warder-hound gave way 
Aye, Cerberus, tho' his frightful head 

Is girt with snakes a hundred strong; 
Tho' foul his breath, and slime, like shed 

Gore, dribbles from his triple tongue. 
Nay e'en Ixion, forced to smile. 

And Tityos, laughed against the grain; 



73 

The urn stood empty for a while, 

While Danaids heard thy soothing strain. 
Let Lyde hear what sin disgraced 

Those virgins: what their well-known fate; 
How all the water runs to waste 

From the urn's bottom : how, tho' late, 
In Orcus sin's reward is sure. 

Ah impious what could mortal hand 
Do worse? who, impious, could endure 

To slay their grooms with cruel brand. 
One out of all the band alone, 

Worthy the marriage torch, to sire 
Forsworn was greatly false, and won 

A fame that lives while years expire: 
Who roused her young groom in the night 

"Up, lest a sleep, whence fearest naught, 
A long sleep, whelm thee; cheat by flight 

My sire's and wicked sisters' thought, 
Who, as she-lions tear their prey 

Of calves, are tearing woe is me ! 
Each her own mate ; kinder than they, 

I will not smite or prison thee. 
Me let my sire load with rude chains 

Because my lad I would not slay; 
Me let his fleet to the domains 

Of far Numidia bear away. 
Go thou where feet and breezes take 

Thee ; night is kind and Venus nigh. 
So farewell, for my memory's sake, 

Grave on my tomb an elegy." 



74 

Od. 111. 12 

POOR girls ! We may not give our love free play, 
Or drown in wine our sense of hurt and wrong, 
Or, if we do, must bear, as best we may, 

The deadly lashes of an uncle's tongue. 
Venus' winged cherub steals your wicker-tray, 

Poor Neobule; the bright radiancy 
Of Liparaean Hebrus takes away 

The webs of throng Minerva's industry, 
When he has bathed, returning from the lists, 

In Tiber's flood his shoulders oiled; as knight, 
A greater than Bellerophon ; quick fists, 

Quick feet, give him the palm in race or fight. 
Skilled he to shoot in the open stags that rush 

Forth, when the herd is driven from its lay; 
And swift to meet the boar, couched in the brush 

Of some dense thicket, as it breaks away. 

Od. 111.13 

FOUNT of Bandusia, crystal-clear 
Aye, clearer worthy flowers and wine, 

Tomorrow shall a kid be thine 
Upon whose front young horns appear, 
That threat love-battles presently. 

In vain they threat, for with red blood 

This scion of a lustful brood 
Shall stain thy stream's fresh purity. 
The flaming Dog-Star's spell of heat 

Touches thee not ; to weary ox, 

Tired of the plough, and wandering flocks, 



75 

Thou art refreshment cool and sweet. 
Thou shalt be of the founts men call 

Famous, when of the oak I tell 

That crowns the hollow rocks, whence well 
Thy babbling waters to their fall. 

Od. III. 14 

/CAESAR, of whom we lately spoke 
^-^ As bent on bays, like Hercules, 
That death must buy, returns, good folk, 

Home from his Spanish victories. 
Proud of your peerless lord, do you. 

His wife, after due prayer and rite, 
Come forth our brave chief's sister too, 

And, with thanksgiving fillets bright, 
Mothers of girls and youths restored 

Safe to their homes ; ye lads, and ye, 
Lasses new-wed, utter no word 

Today of evil augury. 
This day, truly a feast for me, 

Will chase black cares ; I will not dread, 
While Caesar holds the world in fee, 

Tumult, or stroke shall strike me dead. 
Boy, fetch me unguents, flowers, and bring 

Wine that recalls the Marsian war, 
If anywhere that wandering 

Rogue Spartacus passed by a jar. 
And bid clear-voiced Neaera knot 

Her perfumed hair without delay, 
And come ; but if the porter's not 

Friendly, and hinders, come away. 



76 

Gray hairs tame tempers, once, I fear, 
Too keen on brawls and quarrelings ; 

Had I youth's fire, as in the year 
Of Plancus, I'd not brook such things. 

Od.III.15 

of poor Ibycus, have done 
At last with your depravity, 
And infamous pursuits, as one 

To whom a timely death draws nigh. 
No longer sport young girls among, 

Nor cloud their brightness starry-clear; 
What misbecomes not Pholoe young, 

Becomes not Chloris old and sere. 
More fitly storms your girl the halls 

Of youth, like Thyiad, by drum-bray 
Maddened, whom love of Nothus calls 

To wanton like a roe at play. 
Far-famed Luceria's wools agree 

Best with your years; not red new-blown 
Roses: not jars drained to the lee: 

Not citterns for you are a crone. 

Od. III. 16 

BRONZE tower, stout doors, and surly guard 
Of watchful dogs, had safely barred 
Against assaults of midnight love 
Fair Danae's prison, had not Jove 
And Venus mocked Acrisius' care, 
Tis jealous wardship, well aware 
That to the God in golden shower 



77 

Broad way and safe would ope the tower. 
Thro' bodyguards, thro' masonry, 
Gold makes its way more potently 
Than lepin-bolt; 'twas lucre brought 
The Argive augur's house to naught. 
By bribes the man of Macedon 
Qeft open city-gates, and won 
The fall of rival monarchies; 
Even rude admirals have their price. 
Increase of wealth and greed bring on 
Care, from self-gloriation 
Rightly I've shrunk unto this hour, 
Maecenas, knighthood's pride and flower. 
The more a man himself denies, 
The more kind Heaven to him supplies ; 
Homely I seek camps of content, 
Deserting wealth's environment, 
Prouder, as master of my small 
Farm, than as famed to garner all 
Apulia's fruits of industry, 
In plenty, yet in scarcity. 
A rivulet clear, a wood of few 
Acres, my small crop's promise true, 
Give me a lot that, hid from him, 
Makes Afric praetor's fame look dim. 
Tho' bees Calabrian bring not in 
Honey, nor wine in Formian bin 
Mellows, nor sheep on Gallic lea 
Fatten, and grow thick wool, for me, 
Yet from harsh poverty I'm free; 
If more I craved, you"d give it me; 
Curtailed wants would more happily 
Enlarge my income than if I 



78 

Blent the dominions of Mygdon 
And Alyattes into one. 
Want much, lack much ; happy is he 
To whom Heaven grants sufficiency. 

Od. III. 17 

SPRUNG, noble Aelius, from Lamus old 
(Since, as folk say, 'twas he who gave their name 

To early Lamiae, and the annals hold 

The proofs of this the entire clan can claim 
Descent from him who was, 'tis said, first king 

Of Formiae, and of the country-side, 
Where on Marica's coasts, meandering, 

Slow Liris swims, lord of dominions wide), 
Tomorrow will the East Wind bring a blast, 

Shall strew with useless weed the shore, with leaves 
The woods, unless the aged crow's forecast, 

Its prophecy of coming rain, deceives 
Our ears. Get in, then, while the weather's fine, 

Dry wood ; tomorrow will you chase away 
Your Genius' cares with sucking pig and wine, 

Making, with all your household, holiday. 



od. in. is 



w< 



r OOER of flying Nymphs, whene'er, 

My homestead's sunny fields among, 
You come and go, be debonair, 

Faunus, nor do my nurslings wrong, 
If, as your due, a kidling dies : 
If filled your bowl, to Venus dear, 



79 

With wine : if from your altar rise 

Abundant odours year by year. 
The cattle in the pastures play, 

What time December's Nones for you 
Return, and all make holiday, 

Village and kine one merry crew. 
A wolf roams 'mid the lambs ; they heed 

Him not; for you the woodland tree 
Scatters its leaves ; the digger freed 

Thrice stamps on hated earth his glee. 

Od. III. 19 

YDU tell what years part Inachus 
From Codrus, patriot to the death: 
What was the line of Aeacus: 

What wars raged Ilion's walls beneath; 
But price of Chian : at whose cost 

The baths are warmed : the hour to flee 
Pelignian cold : who is the host 

All this you leave in mystery. 
To the new moon charge bumpers, boy, 

To midnight, to our augur new, 
Murena ; for each toast employ 

Three or four ladlefuls as due. 
Who holds the odd-numbered Muses dear, 

A crazed bard, will with three times three 
Ladles make merry, but, for fear 

Of strife, the Graces' trinity, 
Unrobed, makes three the bound. But we 

Would fain be mad. Why stays the flute 
Its Berecynthian revelry? 

Why hang the lyre and Pan-pipe mute? 



I hate close fists; strew roses; let 

Crossgrained old Lycus hear our mad 
Din ; let it make his Amoret 

Ill-matched, his neighbour lady, glad. 
You with your long locks fair to see: 

You, Telephus, who like Vesper shine, 
Rhode, fit mate, seeks; as for me, 

I slowly burn for Glycera mine. 

Od. III. 20 

GEE you not, Pyrrhus, at what risk you steal 
^ Her cubs from a Gaetulian lioness? 
Soon, very soon, as robber, will you feel 

Her wrath, and know flight's terror and distress, 
What time she comes, thro' ranks that seek to bar 

Her way, to claim Nearchus, her delight 
To settle whose shall be the spoils of war, 

Her prize or rather yours a famous fight. 
Meantime, they say, while she whets her fierce fangs, 

And you are getting out your arrows fleet, 
He, on whose will the battle's issue hangs, 

Tramples upon the palm with naked feet, 
While on his shoulders and his scented hair, 

That round about them falls, plays, as it wills, 
A soft, refreshing breeze as Nireus fair, 

Or Ganymede, rapt up from Ida's rills. 

Od. III. 21 

OBORN with me in Manlius' year, 
Good jar, whatever gifts you bear 
Jokes, quarrels, strife, mad loves, light sleep 
To whatsoever end you keep 



81 

'>< 

Choice Massic, come, for to yourself 
You owe the move, down from your shelf, 
On this glad day; for mellower brands 
Corvinus calls ; his wish commands. 
Steeped in the Schools' philosophy, 
He's yet no boor to pass you by. 
Why, oftentimes so we are told : 
Wine warmed stern 'Cato's soul of old. 
You rack dull wits full tenderly, 
Unveil hid wisdom's mystery, 
And straight the wise man's cares depart, 
As gay Lyaeus glads his heart. 
Hope cheers the anxious by your gift; 
The weakling's horn on high you lift; 
Heartened by you he laughs at fear 
Of diademed kings, of sword and spear. j 

Liber, and Venus, if she's good : 
The Graces' close-knit sisterhood, 
And live lamps still shall lead you on 
While Dawn is bidding stars begone. 

Od. III. 22 

VIRGIN, who wear'st a threefold form of threefold 
majesty, 
Warden of woods and hills, who, as invoked with 

threefold cry, 

Dost hear, and save from death, young wives in child- 
birth's agony, 

Thine be the pine that overhangs my villa, so that I, 
At each year's end, may offer it, in cheerful fealty, 
The blood of a young boar that plans the stroke that 
strikes awry. 



82 

Od.lll.23 

IF upturned hands to heaven you lift 
When the new moon is born, 
And charm your Lares with a gift 

Of incense, and new corn, 
And a fat swine, then yours shall be 
A fair lot, rustic Phidyle. 
Your fruitful vine shall mock the pest 

Of Afric's windy heat; 
No blighting mildew shall infest 

Your crops ; your nurslings sweet 
Shall brave the sickly months, nor fear 
The menace of the autumnal year. 
The victim which, doomed to pay vows, 

'Mid oaks and holm-oaks feeds 
On snowy Algidus, or grows 

Fat upon Alban meads, 
Shall with its neck's blood stain one day 
The axes which Rome's pontiffs sway. 
It is not laid on you to press, 

By costly sacrifice 
Of many sheep, prayer and address 

On your small deities; 
It's yours to crown them quietly 
With myrtle frail and rosemary. 
If pure your hand, when it is laid 

The altar's face upon, 
Not by a costly victim made 

More coaxing, it has won 
Your House-Gods' grace by the appeal 

Of crackling salt and pious meat. 



83 

Od. HI. 24 

THO' wealthier than all Araby 
With untouched stores, and rich Indies, 
With quarried stones you occupy 

All that is land, and public seas, 
Natheless, if grim Necessity 

Nails with steel nails each pinnacle, 
Your soul from fear you will not free, 

Nor 'scape Death's toils his halter fell. 
Better the life of Scyths, who scour 

The steppes, whose waggons bear afield 
Their shifting homes, and Getae dour, 

For whom unmeasured acres yield 
Free crops of corn: who till their land 

But for a year ; each worker does 
His share; that done, another hand 

Relieves him; thus the shared work goes. 
Kind is stepmother's face toward 

Stepchildren motherless, kind her sway; 
The dowried wife rules not her lord, 

Nor heeds what sleek adulterers say. 
Their dowry great is innocence 

Of parents, and pledged chastity 
That shrinks from taint ; to whom offence 

Is sin, with death for penalty. 
Who wills to end the deaths that shame 

Our civic madness, and to bear 
Beneath his statues the proud name, 

"Father of Cities," let him dare 
To curb wild license, and for fame 

Look to the future, for our spite 



84 

Hates living worth O wicked shame! 

To miss it when it's lost to sight. 
What boot laments, if penalty 

Cuts not the crime short? Of what worth 
Are laws without morality, 

If not that quarter of the earth 
That's fenced by heat, nor that which lies 

Nearest the North Wind, where deep snow 
Crusts the earth's surface, terrifies 

The merchant : if skilled sailors plow 
The boisterous seas : if the disgrace 

Of poverty bids men consent 
To aught, and do aught mean and base, 

And shun true Virtue's steep ascent ? 
Or to the Capitol bear we, 

Summoned by crowds' applauding call, 
Or plunge we in the nearest sea, 

Gems, jewels, useless gold, of all 
That's worst the source, if we repent 

Us truly of our grievous sin. 
We must stub up each element 

Of base desire, must discipline 
Too tender souls with more severe 

Studies; untrained, the high-born boy 
Can't sit a horse; he turns with fear 

From hunting ; handier with a toy 
With Grecian hoop, if you desire, 

Or, if you like, with dice, despite 
The law. What wonder, when his sire 

To guest and partner breaks his plight, 
Keen to snatch gain for worthless son? 

Certes base lucre multiplies 
Itself, and yet the prize, when won, 

Lacks something lacks what satisfies. 



85 

Od. III. 25 

"WHITHER, O Bacchus, bearest me inspired? 

" Into what groves, what grottoes, am I now 
Hurried, by new thoughts swept along and fired? 

What caves shall hear me meditating how 
I may exalt great Caesar's fame for aye 

To Jove's high council, and the starry skies? 
My song shall be sublime and new, a lay 

None other yet has sung. Not otherwise 
Than Euhiad, in nightlong revelry 

Upon the hills, is ravished as her eye 
Scans Hebrus, snow-white Thrace, and Rhodope, 

By foot barbarian, traversed, so am I 
Entranced, what time, by visions borne along, 

I gaze on quiet groves and riverside. 
O Lord of Naiads, and Bacchantes, strong 

To overturn tall ash-trees' towering pride, 
Naught petty, naught unworthy its high due, 

Not death itself, shall touch this song of mine. 
'Tis a sweet risk, Lenaean, to ensue 

The God who wreathes his brows with pliant 
vine. 

Od. 111. 26 

TIME was when, as a Cupid's knight, 
I fought, not all ingloriously, 
Love's battles ; now my panoply 
Armour and lyre, too tired to fight 
I'll hang upon this temple-wall, 

That on her left guards Venus ; let 



86 

Rope-torches, crowbars, bows, that threat 
Closed doors, hang by them, one and all. 
Goddess, who rulest Cyprus blest, 
And, from Sithonian snow-storms free, 
Memphis, with uplift whip, prithee, 
Touch, just for once, proud Chloe's breast. 

Od. III. 27 

LET omens ill attend the way 
Of impious souls to-whooing owl 
And pregnant bitch, or wolf blue-grey, 

Down-rushing from Lanuvium's knowl, 
And vixen bred ; or let their start 

Be broken off by slantwise run 
Of serpent swift as flying dart, 

That scares their team; but I, for one 
For whom I fear, an augur wise, 

Or e'er the rain-seer bird divine 
Reseeks the marsh, from the sunrise. 

Will call the crow to speak a sign. 
May you be happy wheresoe'er, 

My Galatea, you may go; 
Forget me not, nor woodpecker, 

Upon your left, nor wandering crow, 
Forbid you. But you see with what 

Tempests Orion sets e'en now; 
What Hadria's dark gulf is, and that 

lapyx clear can sin, I know. 
May enemy wife and family 

Feel rising Auster's blind outbreaks, 
And Ocean's black ferocity, 

And shores that furious wave-beat shakes. 



87 

Thus risked Europa her fair life 

On treacherous bull, and, seeing the sea 
With monsters thronged, with perils rife, 

Paled at her own audacity. 
Lately intent on flowering leas, 

And wont to wreathe the chaplets due 
To Nymphs, she now saw naught but seas 

Boundless, and stars the dim night thro*. 
Soon as she reached Crete with its host 

Of towns, a hundred strong, "O, sire J" 
She cried, "O name of daughter lost! 

O duty slain by mad desire ! 
Whence came I whither? One death were 

For virgins' sin light penalty. 
Wail I, awake, as wrong-doer, 

Foul deed, or does a phantasy 
Vain mock my innocence in sleep, 

With dream from ivory gateway flown? 
Better was it to cross the deep, 

Or gather flowerets freshly blown? 
Should any yield that beast infame 

To my just wrath I'd strive I vow 
To break its horns; with sword I'd maim 

The monster loved so well but now. 
Shameless I left my father's home : 

Shameless stay Orcus. O if ear 
Divine can hear I fain would roam 

Where lions my bare flesh would tear 
Ere from fair cheeks the bloom has died 

Decayed ere ebbs life's ruddy blood 
From victim young in beauty's pride 

Gladly I'd be fierce tigers' food. 
'Europa vile,' cries far away 

My sire, 'death beckons ; with your zone,- 



'Twas well you brought it with you may 

You break your neck, hung from this roan. 
O if rocks deadly sharp and high 

Cliff please you more, trust the wind's 

wings, 
Unless you rather wish to ply 

A slave-girl's task you, sprung from kings, 
A concubine, to foreign dame 

Abandoned.' " As she made lament, 
Venus with smile perfidious came 

Up, and her son with bow unbent. ' 
So soon as she had mocked enow, 

"Cease," cried she, "from your passionate 
Complaints, when the loathed bull shall bow 

His horns for you to mutilate. 
Unconquered Jove's wife unaware 

You are; sob not; great is your fame; 
Learn to bear well a fate so fair, 

For half the world shall wear your name." 

Od.III.28 

YV7HAT could I better do on Neptune's day? 

Lyde, be quick and broach the Caecuban 
Hid in your store, and with me make foray 

On wisdom's fortress that's my present plan. 
Midday is past ; you see how Phoebus' car 

Sinks ; yet as tho' the flying day stood still, 
You pause, as loth to bring the lingering jar, 

That erst the year of Bibulus bade you fill. 
Now will we sing in turn of Neptune I, 

And green-haired Nereids ; your part shall be 
To sing to your curved lyre Latona, aye., 
.And flying Cynthia's fierce artillery. 



89 

Lastly the Cnidian queen shall be our theme, 
Who holds the shining Cyclades in fee, 

And visits Paphos' isle with swans for team; 
Night too shall have her meed of elegy. 

Od. III. 29 

OF Tuscan kings, Maecenas, heir, 
An unbroached jar of mellow wine, 
Rose-blooms, and balsam for your hair 

Of ben-nuts, wait you here, langsyne 
Expectant; haste, nor watch for aye 

Wet Tibur, Aefula's hillside, 
And the far wolds where erst held sway 

Telegonus, the parricide. 
Come, leave your plenty's irk and bore, 

Your palace with its skyey dome; 
Nor marvel longer at the roar 

And smoke and pomp of wealthy Rome. * 
Full oft a welcome change to meals 

Simple, in humble cots, that know 
Nor purple rugs, nor awninged ceils, 

Has smoothed a rich man's anxious brow. 
Now shining out the sire of fair 

Andromeda unveils his rays ; 
Now Procyon and the mad Lion glare 

Frenzied, as suns bring back dry days. 
Now, weary with his weary flock, 

The shepherd seeks the shady rill, 
And thickets of Silvanus shock, 

And, breathless now, the bank is still. 



90 

How best the State may stand and hold 

Its own, you ponder ; fear, too, what 
Bactra, by Cyrus ruled of old, 

Seres, and rebel Tanais plot. 
All wisely Heaven in darkest night 

Enshrouds the event that is to be, 
And mocks if mortal men despite 

Its sanctions : order equably 
What is ; all else sweeps on amain, 

Like stream that down mid-channel now 
Falls calm into the Tuscan main, 

Now rolls down stones worn by its flow, 
And uptorn rocks, and homes, and herd, 

Together, while each neighbouring wood, 
And hill, rings, as still brooks are stirred 

To fury by the furious flood. 
Lord of himself, and happy, will 

He be, who can from day to day 
Say, "I have lived ; let Jove fulfill 

Tomorrow's sky with leaden-grey 
Clouds or with shine, he can't undo 

What has been done, nor make as naught, 
No, nor reforge and shape anew, 

What once the flying hour has brought." 
Exultant in her cruel trade, 

Playing her rude game ceaselessly, 
Fortune shifts honours, fickle jade, 

Kind, now to others, now to me. 
I praise her present; if she flap 

Her wings, pay back without ado 



91 

Her gifts, use virtue as my wrap, 

And poverty undowried woo. 
Not mine, if stormy Afric bows 

The groaning mast, to fly to prayers 
Abject, and bargain with shrill vows 

That Cyprian and Tyrian wares 
May not enrich the greedy seas. 

At such a time in light pair-oar, 
Sped by twin Pollux and by breeze, 

I'll cross the Aegean safe to shore. 

Od. III. 30 

LO, I have reared a monument that bronze shall not 
outlast, 
More lofty than the pyramids that despots piled of 

yore; 
Its strength defies devouring rain, defies the ungoverned 

blast 
Of Aquilo, the wind that blows from where the North 

seas roar; 
It shall survive when the unnumbered tale of years is 

past, 
When days and months have ceased to be, and Time 

shall be no more. 
There's that in me which shall not die; that which is 

most of me 
Shall win where the death-goddess has no part nor 

lot; my fame 
Shall grow with increase ever new as the ages yet 

to be 

Uplift their voice in praise of me, and magnify my 
name, 



92 

While up the Capitol shall climb, in solemn company, 
Pontiff and they whose silent care guards Vesta's 

holy flame. 

It shall be said of me, who, where Ofanto storms along 
Raging, and where o'er arid realms ruled Daunus in 

old days, 
Waxed strong from low estate, that I, first of all sons 

of song, 

Married to modes of Italy Aeolia's lyric lays. 
Be proud of right, Melpomene, and, for to thee belong 
The honours, will to crown my brow with great 
Apollo's bays. 

Od.lF.l 

\WHAT, Venus, would'st thou now recall 
Wars long abandoned? Spare, I pray. 
I am not what I was as thrall 

Of kindly Cinara. Cease to sway, 
O sweet Loves' cruel mother, one, 

Who, with his fiftieth year anigh, 
Bends not to thy mild rule; begone 

Whither young gallants' coaxing cry 
Recalls thee. Timelier wilt thou 

Revel with glistering swans to fire 
Young Paulus Maximus, I trow, 

If fitting heart be thy desire. 
For as high-born and fair to see, 

No silent champion at the Bar, 
Graced with a hundred graces, he 

Will bear thy standards wide and far: 
Who, when he shall have mocked, in pride 

Of power, a rival's bribery, 



93 



In marble, Alban lakes beside, 

'Neath cedar roof will image thee. 
There shall abundant incense greet 

Thy nostrils ; Berecynthian flute 
And lyre for thee shall blend their sweet 

Music, nor shall Pan-pipe be mute. 
Twice every day shall lads and gay 

Young lasses celebrate thy might, 
And shake the earth, in Salian way, 

With threefold beat of feet snow-white. 
Naught cheers me now nor lass, nor lad, 

Nor wistful hope of love that shall 
Match mine, nor brows, with flowerets clad 

Fresh-blown, nor bouts convivial. 
But why, ah Ligurinus, why 

Steal down my cheeks rare tear-drops? 

Whence 
The breaks that silence shamefully 

My tongue, and halt its eloquence? 
Fast now I hold thee in my dreams ; 

In dreams now chase thee o'er the sward 
Of Mars' great Field, now thro' the stream's 

Swift flood O cruel heart, and hard ! 

Od. IF. 2 

O seeks to rival Pindar, he 
Upsoars on wings waxed with the skill, 
Julus, of Daedalus, and will 
Name with his name some glassy sea. 
As stream that down the mountain's steep, 
Above its banks by rains uplift, 
Rushes, so surges Pindar swift 



94 

With boundless flood, with utterance deep. 

Worthy Apollo's bays is he, 
Whether in dithyrambs bold he pours 
Forth words new-formed, or song that wars 

Against all laws of poetry; 

Whether he hymns Gods, or acclaims 
Kings born of Gods, whose valour slew 
The Centaurs righteous doom and due 

And quenched Chimaera's fearsome flames; 

Or tells of heroes glorified 
By palm Olympian, of steed, 
Of boxer, bringing to them a meed 

A hundred statues could not side; 

Or, wailing bridegroom rapt away 
From weeping bride, exalts on high 
His strength, soul, golden courtesy, 

And grudges Orcus' gloom its prey. 

Strong is the breeze that lifts the swan 
Dircaean, Antony, what time 
To heights of cloud-land it would climb. 

I, as a Matine bee drones on, 

Culling the thyme's sweets toilfully 
By watery Tibur's groves and braes, 
Fashion, a humble bard, my lays 

With pains of strenuous industry. 

A poet, you, of nobler quill 

Shall sing of Caesar when, with well 
Earned bays enwreathed, he leads the fell 

Sygambri down the Sacred Hill; 

Than whom Fate and kind deities 
Have given naught better, naught that is 
Greater, to earth, nor will, ywis, 



95 

Give, tho' the Golden Age re-rise. 

Of feasts and games your song shall be 
Our thanks for answered prayers that gave 
Back to our arms Augustus brave 

And Forum from all law-suits free. 

Then too my voice, if not in vain 
Its utterance, shall come in, and say, 
Full-toned, "O fair, O happy day !" 

For joy that Caesar's home again. 

And, as you lead the way, we'll raise, 
Not once alone, our triumph-shout, 
Ho Triumph! all will peal it out, 

And offer Heaven incense in praise. 

Your debt ten bulls, as many cows, 
Shall quit; a calf will set me free 
A youngling weaned, that on lush lea 

Grows to its strength to pay my vows, 

Whose brow, with hornlets newly grown, 
Copies the young moon's crescent rays, 
At its third rise ; it shows a blaze, 

A birth-mark; elsewhere' tis red-roan. 

Od. IV. 3 

HE on whose birth, Melpomene, 
Thou once for all hast set thine eye, 
Thy placid gaze, shall never be 
A boxer, famed for mastery 
In Isthmian games; no fiery steeds 

Shall draw him in Achaean car 

To victory, nor shall mighty deeds 

Display him, as a man of war, 



96 

To Rome's heart, crowned with Delian bays, 

Because he cast proud tyrants down. 
But Tibur's thickly wooded braes, 

And streams, shall rear him to renown, 
With lyric song. As for rewards, 

To me poetic rank the youth 
Of Rome, of cities queen, accords, 

And blunted now is envy's tooth. 
Muse of the golden lyre, whose art 

Tempers its strings to harmony: 
Who could'st, were it thy will, impart 

To voiceless fish the swan's clear cry: 
That as Rome's minstrel-bard I'm hailed 

By passers' fingers lift to me : 
My breath, and, if I have not failed 

To charm, my charm 'tis all of thee ! 

Od. IV. 4 

LIKE as the bird that bears on high 
Jove's bolts, by heaven's Lord, as its meed, 
Made king of birds, for loyalty 

Proved upon fair-haired Ganymede; 
Him youth and native grit of old 

Drove from the nest or e'er he knew 
Toil, and Spring winds, when clouds had rolled 

By, sent him forth on ventures new, 
Half fearful ; soon, with rushing stoop 

To sheepfolds, he would strike his prey, 
On struggling snakes anon to swoop, 

Urged by the lust of feast and fray; 
Or, as a fawn that, having quit 

Its red dam's dugs for lavish grass, 



97 

Sees lion-cub newly weaned sees it 

To die by its young fangs, alas ! 
So saw the Vindelicians 

'Neath Alps of Raetia Drusus' war, 
When, conquered by a young man's plans, 

Troops, that had conquered long and far 
Who arm with Amazonian 

Axe their right hands have armed them so 
Always ; when came the use I can 

Not say ; not all things may one know 
Felt what a mind, a temper, taught 

In fostering home to bear its part, 
Could do : how on the Neros wrought 

Augustus' care his father's heart. 
Brave souls spring from the brave and true; 

Ever in steers, in colts, there is 
The mettle of their sires, nor do 

Fierce eagles breed soft doves, ywis. 
But teaching trains the force innate ; 

Right culture firms the heart; whene'er 
Morals decay, faults vitiate 

What is by nature good and fair. 
What to the Neros Rome you owe 

Metaurns' flood attests for aye, 
And Hasdrubal your vanquished foe, 

And Latium's fair and cloudless day, 
That first smiled with kind victory 

Since the dread African, Rome's bane, 
Like flame thro' pines, swept Italy, 

As Enrus sweeps Sicilian main. 
Thenceforth with labours prosperous 

Rome's youth grew strong, and temples 
wrecked 



98 

By Punic onslaught impious, 

Beheld their Gods again erect. 
Quoth treacherous Hannibal at length 

"As stags, the prey of fierce wolves, we 
Chase wantonly a foe whose strength 

'Tis triumph rare to foil and flee. 
The race, that from Troy's cinders bore 

Bravely across the Tuscan sea 
Thro' storms to the Ausonian shore 

Its Gods, babes, manhood's chivalry 
As, lopped by axe in dark-leaved wood 

Of shady Algidus, holm-oak 
Thro' scathes, thro' wounds, draws hardihood 

And courage from the iron's stroke. 
Not stronger grew 'gainst Hercules 

The Hydra maimed, as hard bestead 
He chafed ; not greater prodigies 

Echion's Thebes and Colchis bred. 
Plunged in the depths, it rises more 

Resplendent; grapple it, it will bring 
Down proudly unscathed conqueror, 

And wage wars for its wives to sing. 
No haughty messengers shall I 

Now send to Carthage ; fallen is all 
Our hope : fallen our fortune, aye, 

Our name dead with dead Hasdrubal. 
Naught shall the Claudian hands not do, 

By Jove's kind favour evermore 
Protected : by shrewd counsels too 

Brought safely thro* the risks of war." 



99 

Od. IF. 5 

BY grace of kind Gods born, best champion 
Of Romulus' race, too long you stay from home; 
Upon your promise to return anon 

Our sacred Council rests; keep it, and come. 
Give to your country back, dear Chief, your light, 

For, when upon our folk your face has shone, 
Like Spring, the very sunshine seems more bright, 

Aye, and more pleasantly the days pass on. 
Even as a mother, when her boy, delayed 

By South Wind's jealous breath, beyond the sea 
Carpathian lingers, from his dear home stayed 

More than a year, recalls him ceaselessly 
By vows, by prayers, by divinations, nor, 

A-watch for him, from winding coast-line turns 
Her eyes, so with heart-longings evermore 

His country for her absent Caesar yearns. 
In safety roam our oxen over leas, 

By Ceres and by kind Prosperity 
Fattened; our sailors fly o'er peaceful seas; 

Faith shrinks from blame as from an infamy; 
Adulteries never smirch homes' fair renown; 

Custom and Law have chased the impiety; 
Children like husbands are our matrons' crown; 

Hard on offence presses the penalty. 
Who would fear Persians, or chill Scythia's hordes, 

Or shaggy Germany's war-loving breeds: 
Who would reck aught of fierce Hiberia's swords, 

While Caesar's life is safe : while Caesar leads ? 
Each on his own hills sees the sunlight fail ; 

To "marriageable elm" he weds his vine; 



100 

This done, his wine recalls him, soon to hail 

You at his second course as all divine. 
With wine from goblets poured, with many a prayer, 

He honours you, and to his deities 
He adds your Lar, as Greece, mindful of their 

Exploits, hails Castor and great Hercules. 
Long may you give, good Chief, such festival 

Days to Hesperia thus, while yet the day 
Is whole, and we athirst: thus, when we all 

Have well drunk, and the sun has set, we pray. 

Od.lF.6 

GOD, by whose will the vaunting word 
Of Niobe was her children's knell: 
Whom Tityos knew, and Phthia's lord, 

Before whose might Troy all but fell, 
A peerless warrior, but for thee 

No match, tho', as the Sea-Queen's son, 
Fighting with spear tremendous, he 

Shook the tall towers of Ilion. 
He, as a pine by keen axe thrown, 

Or cypress felled by East Wind's gust, 
Fell great and greatly, and laid down 

His haughty neck in Trojan dust. 
Not he, in horse, feigned offering 

To Pallas' honour, would betray 
Trojans untimely revelling, 

And Priam's hall with dancers gay, 
But, stern to foes ta'en openly, 

He'd burn with Greek fires ah, the sit 
Of it! small boys, yet infants, aye, 

And babes their mothers' wombs within; 



101 

Had not, by kindly Venus' prayers 

And thine impelled, the Sire most High 
Granted Aeneas and his heirs 

Walls traced with happier augury. 
Of sweet Thalia's psaltery 

Master, who lav'st thy flowing hair 
In Xanthus, beardless Way-God, be 

The Daunian Muse's pride thy care. 
My genius is of Phoebus' dower, 

Aye, and my art; he gives to me 
My poet's name. O virgins' flower, 

And boys of noble ancestry, 
Wards of the Delian Goddess, who 

Stays flying stags and lynxes fleet, 
Be to the Lesbian measures true, 

And mark my thumb's controlling beat, 
Duly exalting Leto's son, 

Duly the Night-Queen's crescent light, 
Who brings full crops, and hurries on 

The months' career their onward flight. 
"Trained to the modes" anon you'll say 

As bride "of Horace, poet-seer, 
On our centennial holiday 

I sang a song Gods loved to hear." 

Od. IF. 7 

THE snows have fled ; returns to every mead 
Its grass, its crown of leaves to every tree ; 
Earth changes with the change ; at lessened speed, 

Within their banks the rivers seek the sea. 
The Graces and the Nymphs with never a fear 
All naked dance the happy hours away; 



102 

Look not for things immortal warns the year, 

Aye, and the hour that steals the gracious day. 
West winds abate the frosts ; summer anon 

Tramples on Spring, itself to disappear 
As Autumn sheds its fruits ; then, Autumn gone, 

Winter comes back to close the working-year. 
Yet, fast as moons wane in the sky, as fast 

They wax ; but we, poor mortals, when we fare 
Whither Aeneas, Tullus, Ancus passed, 

Are naught but dust here, naught but shadows there. 
Who knows whether the gods who reign above 

Add a new day's span to the sum of this? 
Live while you live; that which the soul you love, 

Your self, enjoys, your greedy heir will miss. 
Once you are dead, once Minos, judge of men, 

Has fixed by doom august your destiny, 
Not rank, Torquatus, shall restore you then; 

Not eloquence ; not even piety. 
Dian despite, Hippolytus remains, 

Chaste tho' he was, hidden in nether gloom; 
Nor can the love of Theseus break the chains 

That hold Peirithous in dark Lethe's tomb. 

Od.IF.8 

GLADLY I'd give my boon companions, 
To suit their tastes, goblets and bronzes rare, 
And tripods, prizes of Greek champions, 

Nor, Censorinus, would you get least share, 
That is, if with such gems my house were filled, 

Such as Parrhasius or Scopas wrought, 
The one in stone, with paints the other, skilled 
To image God or man, as genius taught. 



103 

/ 

But I have no such store, nor have such things 

Aught that your fortunes lack, or tempers crave ; 
In song is your delight; as offerings 

Songs we can give, and tell what worth they have. 
Not marbles graven with records of proud feats, 

Whereby return their breath to warriors dead 
And life : not Hannibal's hurried retreats, 

No, nor his threats' recoil on his own head, 
More gloriously manifest his praise 

Who won from conquered Africa a name, 
Than the Calabrian Muses ; nor, if lays 

Were silent, would you get your meed of fame. 
What would the son of Mars and Ilia be, 

If jealous silence buried Romulus, 
And his deserts? Not his integrity 

Alone from Stygian waves snatched Aeacus, 
And raised him in blest isles to deity, 

Nay, but great poets' voices too and grace. 
Who praise deserves, the Muse forbids to die. 

With heaven she blesses. Thus she make a place 
For Hercules where high Jove feasts the blest; 

Thus the Tyndaridae, bright luminaries, 
Snatch from profoundest depths ships storm-distrest; 

Thus Liber satisfies his votaries. 

Od. IF. 9 

LEST you should fancy that the songs which I, 
By Aufidus' far-sounding waters sprung, 
With modes of art till then unknown, have sung 
Songs to be married to the lyre will die, 
Think that, if to Maeonian Homer pride 

Of place belongs, yet Pindar's song remains; 
The Cean Muse, Alcaeus' warlike strains, 



104 

Stesichorus' stately epics, still abide. 
Time has not rased Anacreon's minstrelsy, 

His merry songs; still breathes the love, still burn 

The fires, entrusted to her sad cithern 
By the Aeolian maid in years gone by. 
Not Spartan Helen only has admired 

A gay gallant's tressed locks, his broidery 

Of gold, his princely pomp, his company, 
And with the vision has been passion-fired. 
Not first did Teucer from Cydonian bow 

Shoot shafts ; not only once has Ilion 

Been sacked; not huge Idomeneus alone, 
Or Sthenelus waged warfare long ago 
Worthy the Muses' song; not first did haught 

Hector and keen Deiphobus await, 

And meet, fierce blows in combats passionate 
For innocent wives and tender children fought. 
Before the age of Agamemnon wight 

Lived many a hero, but unwept, unknown, 

Because no sacred bard hymned their renown, 
They, one and all, lie whelmed in endless night 
'Twixt valour hid and buried cowardice 

Small is the difference ; never will I, 

In what I write, pass you unhonoured by, 
In silence, Lollius, nor in any wyse 
Suffer green-eyed oblivion to wear 

Your many deeds away, unchecked by song. 

Yours is the statesman's soul, upright and strong, 
Or in misfortune, or in fortune fair : 
Of greedy guile avenger stern, unmoved 

By all-seducing gold's attraction, 

A consul it, not of one year alone, 



105 

But ever when, as judge true and approved, 
It has set Right before expediency: 

Has scorned offenders' bribes with proud disdain: 

Has thro' opposing ranks cloven amain 
Its way, its stedfast march, to victory. 
Not rightly will you speak of him as blest 

Whose wealth is many things ; more truly he 

Can claim the title, "Blest/' who, skilled to see 
What wisdom bids, uses at wisdom's hest 
The gifts of heaven : can bear hard poverty : 

Who dreads far worse than death dishonour's brand; 

No coward he, who for his motherland 
And comrades dear would never fear to die. 

Od.W.lO 

HARD-HEARTED yet, and strong with strength of 
of Venus' gifts of grace, 
When grows to your despair thick down upon your 

proud young face, 

And when the hair is cut that now about your shoul- 
ders flows, 
And when the hue that now transcends the scarlet of 

the rose, 
Changed, Ligurinus, shall have made your face a 

shaggy mask, 
Then, as the glass reflects the change, you'll cry, 

"Ah me," and ask, 
"Why had I not the mind that now is mine in young- 

sterhood : 
Or why return not my fresh cheeks to match my 

present mood?" 



106 

Od. IF. 11 . 

I HAVE a cask of Alban, more 
Than nine years old; my garden-ground; 
Phyllis, of parsley have good store, 

For chaplets meet; ivy abounds 
Sprays that show out your beauty's sheen, 

Binding your hair; the house looks good 
With silver plate; with vervain green, 

The altar claims a slain lamb's blood. 
All hands are busy; to and fro 

Run boys and girls in companies; 
The fire-flames flicker as they go 

Upward, and black smoke-eddies rise. 
What joys invite you ? Well, the Ides 

Claim your attendance, be it known 
Mid-April's feast-day that divides 

The month that Venus counts her own : 
Rightly a feast for me, well nigh 

More sacred than my birth's event, 
For from this anniversary 

Maecenas tells his life's ascent. 
You long for Telephus, a lad 

Not of your class ; a wealthy maid 
Has snapped him up, and holds him, glad 

To be her prisoner saucy jade. 
From greed's ambitions Phaethon 

Consumed deters ; the tale that tells 
How Pegasus flung Bellerophon, 

Scorning his earth-born rider, spells 
Warning to you that you should choose 

Meet things : should cut too venturesome 



107 

Hopes down as sinful : should refuse 
A mate unequal. Come, then, come, 

Last of my loves, for not again 
Shall I love woman ; learn my lays, 

That your dear voice may lilt each strain; 
All gloom, all troubles, song allays. 

Od.IF.12 

BREEZES from Thrace, that come with Spring 
To fill our sails, now calm the waves; 

Unfed by snows, no longer raves 
The stream; frost is no longer king. 
Now nests the unhappy bird that must 

For ever mourn Itys a shame 

Eternal, she, to Cecrops' name, 
Whose crime avenged Kings' barbarous lust. 
Our failings' warders sing their loves 

To Pan-pipe's music on green swards, 

And gladden him whose favour guards 
Arcadia's flocks, and dark hill-groves. 
Virgil, the days are thirsty days, 

But, if you want Calenian, then, 

As client of young noblemen, 
Bring with you nard ; he drinks who pays. 
A box will draw a cask, my friend, 

Now in Sulpician stores laid up ; 

There's hope, fresh hope, in every cup, 
And of all bitter cares an end. 
If on these joys you're keen, then come 

Quick with the stuff ; I don't incline 

To soak you gratis with my wine, 



108 

As might a rich man in full home. 

Quick, quit your usury. Time is fleet. 
Think, while you may, of funeral flames, 
And blend brief folly with your aims; 

Folly, in folly's hour, is sweet. 

Od.lF.13 

LYCE, the Gods have heard my prayer ; 
They've heard it, Lyce; you grow ok- 
And yet you wish to pose as fair, 

And drink and wanton brazen-bold. 
Drunken, you woo with quavering tongu^ 

Unwilling Cupid ; ah, but he 
Keeps watch on the fair cheeks of young 

Chia, queen of the psaltery. 
Past withered oaks he wings his flight 

Ruthless, and you, yes you, he flies 
Because tan teeth, hair snowy-white, 

And wrinkles, smirch you in his eyei. 
Nor Coan silks, nor jewelry, 

Bring back the years of youth and prime . 
Years stored in public history, 

And sealed therein by winged Time. 
Your beauty, radiance, grace what deatt 

Has chased them? What is there to se^. 
Of what you were of her whose breath 

Breathed love : who stole my heart from m^, 
A presence after Cinara's blest, 

Winsome, renowned where is it? Where) 
But fate gave Cinara at the best 

Few years; having intent to spare 



109 

i 
Lyce to rival an old crow, 

That ardent swains, coming to view 
Your beauty's torch, might see it now 

Fallen to ash, and laugh at you. 

Od. IF. 14 

AT zeal of Senate or of people may 
With fitting meed of honours eternize, 
Augustus, your all-worthiness for aye, 

By graven inscriptions and State-histories? 
Prince of all princes mightiest, wheresoe'er 

The sun illumes earth's peoples with his light, 
Whom the Vindelici, untaught to bear 

Rome's yoke, have lately learnt to know your might 
In war, for Drusus, with your soldiery, 

With more than mere requital, overthrew 
Fiercely the turbulent Genauni, aye, 

And swiftly marching Brenni strongholds too 
Perched on the awful Alps. This warfare won, 

The elder Nero clashed in furious fight 
With the gigantic Raeti, and anon 

Put them, with happy auspices, to flight. 
A gallant sight he was, as gallantly 

With mighty shocks his battle smote amain 
Hearts freely dedicate to liberty 

Or death well nigh as Auster sweeps the main 
Tameless, what time the Pleiads' choir on high 

Disparts the clouds eager to thrust his way 
Thro' enemy ranks, and ride his fiery 

Steed thro' the heat and fury of the fray. 
As bull-like Aufidus, whose waters pass 

Apulian Daunus' realm, rolls in his pride, 



no 

What time he fumes, and, fuming, plots, alas ! 

A flood whose waves shall waste the countryside, 
So Qaudius overwhelmed with rush far-sped 

The mailed barbarians' hosts, as, mowing down 
Front ranks and rear, he strewed the battle-stead 

With slain, and won, unscathed, the victor's crown. 
You gave the troops, you gave the plan, yours were 

The favouring auspices, for on the day 
That Alexandria humbly opened her 

Harbours and empty palace, as your prey, 
On this same day, three lustres passed, Good Speed, 

Which gave unbroken victory to your hands, 
Has added this renown, and longed-for meed 

Of glory, to your earlier commands. 
You the Cantabrian, whom none could tame 

Before : you Parthian, Indian, Scythian 
Nomad, revere you of the Italian name, 

And sovereign Rome, abiding Guardian. 
The Nile and Hister, streams that hide their springs. 

Tigris' fast-flowing flood: your beck abide; 
Aye, and the monster-teeming Main that flings 

On far Britannia's shore its breakers' pride. 
You claim the allegiance of the Gallic land, 

That fears not death, of rough Hiberia too; 
The blood-thirsty Sygambri, to your hand 

Brought, lay aside their arms, and reverence you. 

Od. IV. 15 

PHOEBUS with lyre forbade me, fain 
To tell of captured fort and fray, 
To sail upon the Tuscan main 

My little bark. Caesar, your sway 
Has brought back plenty to our land : 
Has given, from Parthian doors reta'en, 



Ill 

Our standards to our Jove; your hand 

Has closed Quirinal Janus' fane 
In peace : has curbed the wild abuse 

Of lawless license : has removed 
Faults, and recalled to us the use 

Of virtues that our fathers loved, 
Whence grew to strength the Latin name 

The imperial majesty, that won 
For Italy a world-wide fame, 

From setting unto rising sun. 
While Caesar rules nor civic raves, 

Nor force, shall banish our repose, 
No, nor the rage that forges glaives, 

And brings unhappy towns to blows. 
The Julian law none shall defy 

Not they who drink the Danube's flood, 
Not Getae, Seres, slippery 

Persians, not Tanais' savage brood. 
And we on common days and high, 

'Mid rites to merry Liber paid, 
With children and with matrons by, 

After devotions duly made, 
Will sing, as forbears wont to do, 

Leaders who lived brave lives and fair, 
To Lydian flute Anchises too, 

And Troy, and kindly Venus' heir. 

The Secular Hymn 

T)HOEBUS and Dian, woodland Queen, 
*- Glory of heaven's resplendent sheen, 
Worshipped and worshipful for aye, 
Grant us the boons we seek to-day: 
On which the Sibyl's runes require 
That boys and girls, a holy choir, 



112 

Shall sing unto the Gods who care 

For our seven hills a hymn of prayer. 

Kind Sun, whose chariot on its way 

Opens and closes every day: 

Who risest different yet the same, 

May'st never view what shrinks Rome's fame ! 

Who openest ripe wombs of thy right 

Full gently, Ilithyia hight, 

Or, if thou wilt, Lucina, bless 

Our mothers, as birth's Patroness. 

Goddess, bring up our youth, and speed 

That which the Fathers have decreed 

Wedlock anent the law whereby 

Marriage creates the family, 

That each fixed cycle, covering 

Ten times eleven years, may bring 

Anthems and games, thronged in daylight 

Three times, and three times in the night. 

Ye Fates, whose prophecies are sure, 

As promised may the pledge endure 

By grace of our great Land-Mark's stay! 

Add new to old good speed, we pray. 

With crops and herds rich, may our land 

Bid Ceres crowned with wheat-ears stand; 

May Jove with many a favouring breeze, 

And kindly rains, bless our increase. 

Gentle and kind, with bow laid by, 

Apollo, hear our striplings' cry; 

Queen of the stars, with crescent brows, 

O Luna, hear our maidens' vows. 

If Rome is yours, and Ilion bore 

The folk who won the Etruscan shore 

A remnant, called to Lares new 

And homes, and safely brought thereto 

For whom, unscathed when Ilion flamed, 



113 

Outliving Troy, Aeneas, named 

The Good, to give them more than they 

Had lost, carved out an open way, 

To docile youth grant honesty, 

Ye Gods, to eld tranquility; 

Give to the Romuleian race 

Offspring, and means, and every grace. 

What Venus' and Anchises' heir 

Asks, with white steers to plead his prayer, 

That give him : let him crush each foe 

In arms, but spare a foe laid low. 

By sea and land before his power, 

And Alban axes, Parthians cower; 

Now Indians, Scyths, once insolent, 

Wait upon his arbitrament. 

Now Faith and Peace and Chivalry 

Return with pristine Modesty; 

Virtue ignored dares re-appear, 

And Plenty with full horn is here. 

Surely as Phoebus, archer-seer. 

Adorned with radiant bow, and dear 

To the nine Muses he whose skill 

Healthgiving heals limbs tired and ill 

Sees Palatine heights with kind face, 

He lengthens out a lustre's space, 

And on to aeons of success, 

Rome's weal and Latium's happiness, 

Diana too, whom Aventine 

Hill and Mount Algidus enshrine, 

Heeds our Fifteen Priests' prayers, and hears 

Our children's vows with gracious ears. 

That Jove and all the Gods assent 

We bear back home hope confident, 

And sure the chorus trained to praise 

Phoebus and Dian with glad lays. 



114 

VARIAE LECTIONES 
I, 24, line 12 

That not thus did you bid them keep your friend. 
I, 24, 20 

. . . naught may remedy. 
I, 37, lines 30-32 

She grudged Rome's galleys, haughty dame, 
That she, reft of her royalty, 

In triumph led, should flaunt Rome's fame. 
Ill, 13, line 13 

The fame of famous fountains shall 
Be thine, 

III, 23, lines 25-30 

A giftless hand a hand not made 

By victim of great price 
More coaxing on the altar laid, 

As offering sacrifice, 

Soothes angered House-Gods by the appeal 
Of crackling salt and pious meal. 

IV, 7, line 22 

By flaming doom has fixed your destiny, 
IV, 13, line 4 

Whose swelling brows young horns uprear, 
Secular Hymn, lines 26-27 

As ye once promised and may your 

Pledge stand thro' our firm Landmark's stay 

W. H. M. 



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